WorldWideScience

Sample records for frs rector imperial

  1. Rectors of European universities

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    Several rectors of European universities visited CERN recently while in Geneva for a conference on coordination between their institutions. The visit began with a welcome by Roger Cashmore, CERN Director of Collider Programmes,and continued with tours of CMS, ALICE and the LHC magnet assembly hall. Photos 01, 02: The visitors in the ALICE assembly hall: (left to right) Dr. Raymond Werlen, Deputy Secretary-General of the Conference of Rectors of Swiss Universities; visit guide Prof. Alain Blondel, Department of Nuclear and Corpuscular Physics, University of Geneva; Prof. Adriano Pimpão, Rector of the University of Algarve, President of the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities; Prof. Jean-Pierre Finance, Conference of University Presidents, France; Prof. Jean-Paul Lehners, Vice-President of the Centre Universitaire, Luxemburg.

  2. Rectores: los virreyes cautivos

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Los rectores de las universidades españolas en la actualidad, particularmente los de las públicas, son una especia de virreyes, es decir, desempeñan un papel de administradores, pero no de creadores de auténticos objetivos para sus instituciones. Por eso la autonomía universitaria es hoy más un mecanismo de autogestión que de facilitamiento de estrategias concretas para cada universidad. Los rectores se convierten así, cautivos de un complejo e intrincado andamio legislativo. El papel del rec...

  3. FRS REST Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    FRS exposes several REST services that allows developers to utilize a live feed of data from the FRS database. This web page is intended for a technical audience and describes the content and purpose of each service available.

  4. Facility Registry Service (FRS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Facility Registry Service (FRS) provides an integrated source of comprehensive (air, water, and waste) environmental information about facilities across EPA,...

  5. Experimental Particle Physics at Imperial College London

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Last friday Imperial's rector Sir Richard Sykes visited CERN, in particular CMS and LHCb; the visit was supervised by CERN's VIP service, a guaranteee that nothing can go wrong. A quite impressive organization that has not much in common with the usual "pivate" visits of LHCb or CMS.

  6. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ALL FRS INTERESTS LAYER

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data provides location and attribute information on all facilities in EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for a internet web feature service . The FRS is an...

  7. Linguistic Imperialism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Phillipson, Robert

    2013-01-01

    The study of linguistic imperialism focuses on how and why certain languages dominate internationally, and attempts to account for such dominance in a theoretically informed way.......The study of linguistic imperialism focuses on how and why certain languages dominate internationally, and attempts to account for such dominance in a theoretically informed way....

  8. Imperial Governance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gravier, Magali

    2015-01-01

    of this concept, which is ‘tailored’ to analyse only one type of empire, the colonial empire, and to disregard the existence of another type of empire. To escape this trap, the article suggests the use of two concepts, ‘inwards imperial governance’ and ‘outwards imperial governance’. These concepts make...

  9. Role and expression of FRS2 and FRS3 in prostate cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valencia Tania

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background FGF receptor substrates (FRS2 and FRS3 are key adaptor proteins that mediate FGF-FGFR signalling in benign as well as malignant tissue. Here we investigated FRS2 and FRS3 as a means of disrupting global FGF signalling in prostate cancer. Methods FRS2 and FRS3 manipulation was investigated in vitro using over-expression, knockdown and functional assays. FRS2 and FRS3 expression was profiled in cell lines and clinical tumors of different grades. Results In a panel of cell lines we observed ubiquitous FRS2 and FRS3 transcript and protein expression in both benign and malignant cells. We next tested functional redundancy of FRS2 and FRS3 in prostate cancer cells. In DU145 cells, specific FRS2 suppression inhibited FGF induced signalling. This effect was not apparent in cells stably over-expressing FRS3. Indeed FRS3 over-expression resulted in enhanced proliferation (p = 0.005 compared to control cells. Given this functional redundancy, we tested the therapeutic principle of dual targeting of FRS2 and FRS3 in prostate cancer. Co-suppression of FRS2 and FRS3 significantly inhibited ERK activation with a concomitant reduction in cell proliferation (p p p Conclusions These results suggest functional overlap of FRS2 and FRS3 in mediating mitogenic FGF signalling in the prostate. FRS2 and FRS3 are not over-expressed in tumours but targeted dual inhibition may selectively adversely affect malignant but not benign prostate cells.

  10. Many Lives of Women Rectors at Turkish Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ustun, Suzan; Gümüseli, Ali Ilker

    2017-01-01

    Women at Turkish Universities do not have the same level of representation as rectors as they have academics at the higher education. It is vital to have women, as one of the genders which comprises the community, at the higher education management as rectors to ensure the gender equality in Turkey. As well as the traditional roles assigned to…

  11. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RADINFO

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  12. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): NCDB

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  13. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): BIA

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  14. EPA Facility Registry System (FRS): NEPT

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  15. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): BRAC

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  16. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ICIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  17. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): LANDFILL

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of non-hazardous waste...

  18. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RBLC

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  19. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ACRES

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service consists of location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of sites that link to...

  20. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RMP

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  1. EPA Facility Registry System (FRS): NCES

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  2. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): TRI

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  3. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): NEI

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  4. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): CAMDBS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  5. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): OIL

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link to the Oil...

  6. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RCRA

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of hazardous waste...

  7. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): SDWIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  8. Foreword: Sir John Pendry FRS Sir John Pendry FRS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inglesfield, John; Echenique, Pedro

    2008-07-01

    energy lies in a band-gap; the image states form a Rydberg series, and as their energy is just below the vacuum level, they are normally unoccupied. This makes inverse photoemission the ideal technique for observing them. Recent developments on two-photon photoemission, energy- and time-resolved, have produced a wealth of experimental information on these states. Since their prediction and observation, image states have become a playground for theoretical and experimental studies of many-electron effects at surfaces. It is remarkable how John Pendry maintained his position as the leading theoretical surface physicist in the UK (and possibly the world) at the same time that he developed new areas of research. In 1981 John moved to Imperial College as Professor of Theoretical Solid State Physics and Head of the Condensed Matter Theory Group, and soon after began to study the behaviour of electrons in disordered systems, a field in which he collaborated with his colleague Angus MacKinnon. John applied group theoretical methods to study the transport of electrons in disordered media, and obtained for the first time a complete solution of the general scattering problem in one dimension [13], deriving advanced techniques for studying higher dimensions [14]. A key result was the prediction that in all dimensions, the channels for transport (distinct ways in which an electron can propagate through the system) are either open (that is, essentially transparent) or closed (opaque) in the limit of large systems [15]. These notions are relevant to such topical research as the conductivity of bio-molecules. In this novel approach to transport, John was helped by his wife Pat, who is a mathematician by training, with a thesis on group representation theory—John benefited not only from Pat's expertise, but also from her library on group theory, which was far better than that of most universities! (John and Pat wrote a joint paper shortly after they met in Cambridge, on scattering

  9. Amplification of FRS2 and activation of FGFR/FRS2 signaling pathway in high-grade liposarcoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Keqiang; Chu, Kevin; Wu, Xiwei; Gao, Hanlin; Wang, Jinhui; Yuan, Yate-Ching; Loera, Sofia; Ho, Kimberley; Wang, Yafan; Chow, Warren; Un, Frank; Chu, Peiguo; Yen, Yun

    2013-02-15

    Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptor (FGFR) substrate 2 (FRS2) is an adaptor protein that plays a critical role in FGFR signaling. FRS2 is located on chromosome 12q13-15 that is frequently amplified in liposarcomas. The significance of FRS2 and FGFR signaling in high-grade liposarcomas is unknown. Herein, we first comparatively examined the amplification and expression of FRS2 with CDK4 and MDM2 in dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLS) and undifferentiated high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma (UHGPS). Amplification and expression of the three genes were identified in 90% to 100% (9-11 of 11) of DDLS, whereas that of FRS2, CDK4, and MDM2 were observed in 55% (41 of 75), 48% (36 of 75), and 44% (33/75) of clinically diagnosed UHGPS, suggesting that these "UHGPS" may represent DDLS despite lacking histologic evidence of lipoblasts. Immunohistochemical analysis of phosphorylated FRS2 protein indicated that the FGFR/FRS2 signaling axis was generally activated in about 75% of FRS2-positive high-grade liposarcomas. Moreover, we found that FRS2 and FGFRs proteins are highly expressed and functional in three high-grade liposarcoma cell lines: FU-DDLS-1, LiSa-2, and SW872. Importantly, the FGFR selective inhibitor NVP-BGJ-398 significantly inhibited the growth of FU-DDLS-1 and LiSa-2 cells with a concomitant suppression of FGFR signal transduction. Attenuation of FRS2 protein in FU-DDLS-1 and LiSa-2 cell lines decreased the phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and AKT and repressed cell proliferation. These findings indicate that analysis of FRS2 in combination with CDK4 and MDM2 will more accurately characterize pathologic features of high-grade liposarcomas. Activated FGFR/FRS2 signaling may play a functional role in the development of high-grade liposarcomas, therefore, serve as a potential therapeutic target.

  10. Game Analysis of Rational FRS on Market Admittance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹志东; 刘春红; 俞自由

    2001-01-01

    The dynamic signaling game-model is employed to study countermeasures of Q, U and C for supply-demand on financial market. As the game result, the mixed equilibrium of Q and U exists naturally without FRS. It is concluded that FRS on market admittance is objective demand of financial market, also the rational management behavior of government FRSI. And in addition to the empirical criteria, the FRS agreements between FRSI and financial-institutions should be considered as one of advanced FRS techniques. These must cover:① the regulation conformed status investigation with sufficient frequency,② corresponding punitive measures with sufficient strength. Thus the information can be delivered FRSI have ensured only qualified and regulation-conformed financial-institutions could be allowed to enter. That could safeguard the steadiness of the financial market.

  11. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RCRA_ACTIVE

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of active hazardous...

  12. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): CERCLIS_NPL

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that are...

  13. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RCRA_TSD

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of Hazardous Waste...

  14. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): Facility Interests Dataset - Intranet Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This downloadable data package consists of location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for all sites that are...

  15. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ER_CERCLIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  16. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ER_WWTP_NPDES

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of Waste Water Treatment...

  17. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ER_RMP

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  18. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Facility Registry Service (FRS) Power Plants

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This GIS dataset contains data on wastewater treatment plants, based on EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) and NPDES, along with Clean Watersheds Needs Survey...

  19. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): AIRS_AFS_MAJOR

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  20. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This GIS dataset contains data on wastewater treatment plants, based on EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS), EPA's Integrated Compliance Information System (ICIS)...

  1. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ER_RCRATSD

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  2. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): AIRS_AQS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  3. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): PCS_NPDES

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  4. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): PCS_NPDES_MAJOR

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that are...

  5. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RCRA_LQG

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  6. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): AIRS_AFS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  7. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ER_TSCA

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  8. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ER_TRI

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  9. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): Facility Interests Dataset - Intranet

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service consists of location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for all sites that are available in...

  10. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): Facility Interests Dataset Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This downloadable data package consists of location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for all sites that are...

  11. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ER_FRP

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link to Facility...

  12. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RCRA_TRANS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  13. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): RCRA_INACTIVE

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of hazardous waste...

  14. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): Facility Interests Dataset

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service consists of location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for all sites that are available in...

  15. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): ER_EPLAN

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry System (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  16. Discurs del rector al lliurament dels Premis Vodafone de Periodisme 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Planell Estany, Josep A.

    2015-01-01

    Discurs del rector de la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Josep A. Planell, a la 15a edició dels Premis Vodafone de Periodisme. Discurso del rector de la Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Josep A. Planell, en la 15ª edición de los Premios Vodafone de Periodismo. Speech by the president of the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Josep A. Planell, at the 15th Vodafone Journalism Awards.

  17. Super-FRS Target Area Remote Handling: Scenario and Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Miguel Orona

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The Super-FRS, Superconducting Fragment Separator, is a unique machine that presents several challenging technical problems. One of these is regarding how to conduct maintenance in the target area where high levels of radiation will be generated and human access is forbidden. To address this problem the use of a remote maintenance system is foreseen. The objective of this paper is to develop a systems engineering (SE research and development (R&D approach suitable to develop the Super-FRS Target Area Remote Maintenance Systems (TARMS and the RH design adaptation of the components in the target area. The Super-FRS target area is described in detail in order to introduce the need for a remote maintenance system. Components in the target area are classified by adopting ITER RH maintenance classification. The general scenario of remote handling and the current target area remote maintenance system are described. Finally, the proposed systems engineering approach is presented.

  18. Absolute Cultural Imperialism is Impossible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爽

    2014-01-01

    As globalization develops quickly no matter in its depth and its scope, the worry about whether globalization equals cultural imperialism is also increasing. This article proposes to see this problem from a dialectical view. It first notices the complexity of globalization itself so that proves the inequality between globalization and cultural imperialism. And then that the confused identity globalization causes should not be neglected is pointed out. The essential part of this article lies in encouraging developing countries to seize the opportunity to prosper their national cultures.

  19. Language Teaching=Linguistic Imperialism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muhlhausler, Peter

    1994-01-01

    Linguistic imperialism is the expansion of a small number of privileged languages at the cost of a large number of others. The language teaching profession needs to address the ecological impact of language teaching and focus on the well-being of the inhabitants of a language ecology rather than on the economic benefits of the teaching…

  20. El rol de los rectores en la gobernabilidad de las universidades públicas mexicanas

    OpenAIRE

    Romualdo López Zárate; Óscar Manuel González Cuevas; Javier Mendoza Rojas; Judith Pérez Castro

    2011-01-01

    Este trabajo revisa el concepto de gobernabilidad, su evolución y aplicación para las instituciones de educación superior en México y el rol (trascendente o intrascendente) que desempeñan los rectores en la conducción de sus instituciones. El texto se basa en el análisis de entrevistas realizadas a doce rectores de universidades públicas autónomas de diversas entidades federativas. Desde la percepción de estos actores, se abordan cuatro cuestiones que inciden en el gobierno universitario: los...

  1. ["Imperial madness" - truth or legend?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    V Zerssen, D

    2011-03-01

    The notion of "imperial madness" was coined in the historical literature and belles-lettres of the 19th century. Around that time up to the first quarter of the 20th century, it was adopted by a few German psychiatrists. Two of them viewed "imperial madness" as ordinary forms of insanity which became excessive only due to reactions of the social environment. Another one, however, classified it as one of "mental borderland states" in between insanity and normality, although he conceived the final stage of the disorder as a paranoid one. In agreement with the historians he postulated that "imperial madness" resulted from unlimited power of predisposed rulers. In recent times the whole concept of "imperial madness" was referred to the realm of legends by historians of antiquity and other historically interested authors. Yet the existence of the phenomenon cannot be denied. Despite its rarity it has played and is still playing an important role with often catastrophic consequences in various cultures all over the world. Therefore, psychiatrists and other physicians as well as clinical psychologists should be acquainted with it. From a modern point of view, it is not a paranoid disorder but rather a syndrome of addiction-like behavioural excesses representing an intensification of a Hybris syndrome as described by Anglo-Saxon psychiatrists. According to the present authors' view, it should be classified nosologically as a chronic adjustment disorder. In this case, the underlying stresses need to be extended to situations of temptation (here: the temptation to abuse almost unlimited power). © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  2. Xenopus FRS2 is involved in early embryogenesis in cooperation with the Src family kinase Laloo

    OpenAIRE

    Kusakabe, Morioh; Masuyama, Norihisa; Hanafusa, Hiroshi; Nishida, Eisuke

    2001-01-01

    FRS2 has been identified in mammalian cells as a protein that is tyrosine phosphorylated and binds to Grb2 and Shp2 in response to fibroblast growth factor (FGF) or nerve growth factor (NGF) stimulation. But neither its existence in other vertebrate classes or invertebrates nor its function during embryonic development has been defined. Here we have identified and characterized a Xenopus homolog of FRS2 (xFRS2). xFRS2 is tyrosine phosphorylated in early embryos, and overexpression of an unpho...

  3. Atenas, República Imperial

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    El presente texto intenta exponer los motivos de por qué Atenas, una vez convertida en Imperio, y pese a ciertas convulsiones internas, logró mantener viva la democracia en la ciudad. Es decir, de por qué a pesar del ejercicio de una dominación imperial en el exterior, que recurría a la violencia cuando era necesario incluso contra los propios aliados, la democracia ateniense subsistió: al principio, porque los éxitos facilitaron la integración de todas las clases sociales en el ámbito públic...

  4. Accounting for Impact at Imperial College London

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perkmann, Markus; Fini, Riccardo; Ross, Jan-Michael

    We report findings of a study of academic engagement and commercialisation at Imperial College London. We detail the extent of collaboration with industry, consulting, patenting and entrepreneurship by Imperial academics, as well as individuals’ motivations and perceived barriers to engagement. T...

  5. Situated Interpretations of Nationalism, Imperialism, and Cosmopolitanism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chenchen

    2014-01-01

    liberal nationalism and imperialism. This article seeks to complicate these theses by looking at the interpretations of nationalism, imperialism, and cosmopolitanism provided by Liang Qichao, one of the most influential Chinese intellectuals in early twentieth century, during his exile in Japan when...

  6. Aporte de la epidemiología al trabajo rector de los niveles locales de salud

    OpenAIRE

    Walter Ismael Hernández M.

    1998-01-01

    El proceso de ejercicio de la rectoría por el Ministerio de Salud, ha dado gran vigencia a la ciencia de la epidemiología, la que es de uso obligatorio en la mayoría de procesos que se deben realizar. En efecto, los métodos y técnicas epidemiológicos pueden ser usados en los componentes de la rectoría en la forma siguiente: - Dirección y conducción política; determinación de los problemas y prioridades de salud, análisis de situación de salud. Lo que es básico para establecer políticas de sal...

  7. Anatomical Injuries Induced by Leipotrix dipsacivagus Petanovic & Rector on Cut-leaf Teasel, Dipsacus laciniatus L. (Dipsacaceae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    This study highlighted some conspicuous structural malformations of the native Eurasian plant Dipsacus laciniatus L. (cutleaf teasel, Dipsacaceae) provoked by infestation by recently described eriophyid mite, Leipothrix dipsacivagus Petanovic & Rector. The most striking structural changes induced by...

  8. Layout of the Super-FRS target hall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlova, E.; Weick, H.; Achenbach, B.; Behr, K.-H.; Fehrenbacher, G.; Geissel, H.; Gleim, M.; Karagiannis, C.; Kelic, A.; Kratz, A.; Radon, T.; Sümmerer, K.; Winkler, M.

    2008-10-01

    The fragment separator Super-FRS is an important part of the planned international facility for antiproton and ion research (FAIR). The high intensity heavy ion beams with a beam power of up to 40 kW for uranium require strong shielding of the area and safe handling of the components in the beamline. As the primary beam may be dumped at many positions along the separator the whole first part of the Super-FRS will be located in a dedicated target hall. The layout of this target hall is presented in this paper. The combination of iron and concrete for the biological shielding is determined by dose rate calculations with a radiation transport code (FLUKA) which can also treat heavy ions and predict dose rates after activation. The resulting layout foresees a compact iron shielding surrounded by many meters of concrete shielding. A plug system is used to insert devices into the beamline. A crane can transport these plugs to a nearby hot cell. The thickness of the inner shielding was adjusted to reduce the calculated dose rate on a working platform after a short waiting time to enable hands-on maintenance. Very important for the handling concept is the predicted activation of the devices inserted into the beam and of the shielding material itself.

  9. 47 CFR 95.193 - (FRS Rule 3) Types of communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... information, transmit a brief text message, make a voice page, or to conduct a brief test. (b) Non-voice... of communications. (a) You may use an FRS unit to conduct two-way voice communications with another person. You may use an FRS unit to transmit one-way voice or non-voice communications only to...

  10. 47 CFR 95.647 - FRS unit and R/C transmitter antennas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FRS unit and R/C transmitter antennas. 95.647... transmitter antennas. The antenna of each FRS unit, and the antenna of each R/C station transmitting in the 72-76 MHz band, must be an integral part of the transmitter. The antenna must have no gain (as...

  11. La configuración del campo de la rectoría escolar oficial en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Ávila Aponte

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se inscribe en el contexto de las reformas educativas contemporáneas y caracteriza cómo se está configurando el campo de la rectoría oficial escolar en Colombia a partir de las relaciones de poder que se generan entre el rector o rectora y las dimensiones macropolítica y micropolítica de las instituciones educativas. Los resultados muestran cómo el campo de la rectoría está fuertemente regulado por las normas y políticas educativas nacionales y la recontextualización que se hace de éstas en los escenarios macropolíticos locales. El campo del rector o rectora se configura a través de tres líneas de fuerza de dominio que cambian la orientación de la rectoría, afectan su función y generan cambios en sus relaciones: la primera hala al rector o rectora hacia el entorno en búsqueda de recursos, proyectos y relaciones con el gobierno local; la segunda hala al rector o rectora hacia la promoción de la democratización de la institución educativa y el disciplinamiento de los maestros y maestras; la tercera se orienta hacia la rendición de cuentas. Concluimos que la reconfiguración del campo del rector o rectora se da en un contexto socialmente problematizado y signado por amplias expectativas sobre el papel de la escuela y los rectores y rectoras. La labor directiva está marcada por un sesgo altamente administrativo, una orientación hacia el disciplinamiento de los maestros y maestras, y la rendición de cuentas. En medio de restricciones, los rectores y rectoras ensayan estrategias de negociación, y promueven acciones para lograr cumplir con los objetivos institucionales, con las demandas de la comunidad escolar y con las expectativas de su rol.

  12. [Kyongsong Imperial University Medical College].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kee, C D

    1992-01-01

    Japan annexed Korea in 1910 and with the promulgation of the Chosen Kyoyuk Ryong (the Korea Education Decree) in 1911, it began to conduct education for the Korean people. However, this was only a matter of formality and a policy for liquidating the spirit of the Korean people. It finally resulted in the uprising of March 1, 1919 of the Korean people that has a cultural tradition of a high level. This event served as a cause of widely spread censure among the Korean people as well as the people of the whole world. Even in Japan voice of criticism rose high. Such being the situation, Japan amended the Korean educational law under the pretext of shifting to a so-called civil-rule policy. The Japanese authorities adopted the same educational system as was practiced in Japan proper, for primary and middle school education. As for higher education, they placed under a strict control the educational facilities already established by Korean people and foreign missionaries, suppressing even minor expansions of existing facilities. However, the movement by some Korean educators to establish a private university and efforts by some missionaries to integrate the existing educational organizations into a university made it inevitable for the Japanese authorities to set up a university of their own in Korea. Thus, they hurriedly established the Kyonsong Imperial University in which was included a medical college that was an indispensable organization for colonial education. They professed that the medical college was established for the purpose of providing equal opportunities and privileges to Korean and Japanese students, but, on the contrary, the operation of the college was done strictly under their colonial policy. The system of the Kyongsong Imperial University was enforced acording to the Japanese Imperial University Law, and all the faculty members and the administratial officials were Japanese. As for Koreans, a few graduates of the university was named nonpaid deputy

  13. [The Constantinople Imperial Bacteriology Institute].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huet, M

    2000-01-01

    The Constantinople Imperial Bacteriology Institute (CIBI) allowed the development of a common medical effort between France and Turkey at a time when the main European powers were competing to have an influence on the Ottoman Empire. In 1887, Turkey sent Zoreos Pacha, a medical doctor, to Paris to learn anti-rabies immunization techniques, and he started a rabies control institute after his coming back. In 1893, a cholera epidemic in Constantinople was vanquished by A. Chantemesse, sent by Pasteur, and France was allowed to start another microbiologic Institute. The first director of this Constantinople Imperial Bacteriology Institute was Maurice Nicolle. A brillant man, but suffering from a lack of diplomacy; he encountered numerous difficulties and regularly threatened to turn in his resignation. His successor, Paul Remlinger, arrived in 1900. His main research topic was rabies, and he became later a world-class expert on the subject. His position was taken over in 1911 by Paul-Louis Simond, unjustly forgotten nowadays despite his major discovery in 1898 showing that the plague was transmitted by ratfleas. The next director was a veterinary doctor, P. Forgeot, but his tenure was cut short by World War I, and he was the last French director of the CIBI. Since that time, Turkey has felt some gratitude towards France for its medical efforts. It organized in 1957 in Istambul a very congenial celebration for the 70th anniversary of the Rabies Control Institute, which numerous Pasteur Institute alumni attended. There is a clear contrast between the CIBI, the target of many intrigues and hostile maneuvers, and the North African Pasteur Institutes, which were making crucial discoveries during the same period. This contrast was mostly due to the absolute power of the Sultan, who would arbitrarily oppose some directors decisions, whereas the French government allowed the balanced growth of the Pasteur Institutes in territories under his control.

  14. Globalization, Imperialism and Christianity: The Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    of imperialist domination which modern globalization manifest in Christian religion in ... as we study the effects of imperialism and globalization on these churches. ... country's power and influence in the world through political relations or.

  15. Imperial County geothermal development annual meeting: summary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1983-01-01

    All phases of current geothermal development in Imperial County are discussed and future plans for development are reviewed. Topics covered include: Heber status update, Heber binary project, direct geothermal use for high-fructose corn sweetener production, update on county planning activities, Brawley and Salton Sea facility status, status of Imperial County projects, status of South Brawley Prospect 1983, Niland geothermal energy program, recent and pending changes in federal procedures/organizations, plant indicators of geothermal fluid on East Mesa, state lands activities in Imperial County, environmental interests in Imperial County, offshore exploration, strategic metals in geothermal fluids rebuilding of East Mesa Power Plant, direct use geothermal potential for Calipatria industrial Park, the Audubon Society case, status report of the Cerro Prieto geothermal field, East Brawley Prospect, and precision gravity survey at Heber and Cerro Prieto geothermal fields. (MHR)

  16. Imperial College Alumni Association in Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Are you a graduate of Imperial College London? If so, you might be interested in its new Swiss alumni association for graduate engineers and scientists. The aim of the founder members is to create a network of the several hundred graduates of Imperial College working at CERN, in Geneva, Lausanne and Zurich with a view to organising social and scientific events, informing members of the studies and research done by Imperial College, setting up a link between the College and Swiss academic institutes and, of course, building up an alumni directory. Membership applications and requests for further information should be sent to: Imperial College Alumni (ICA) - Swiss chapter Case Postale CH-1015 Lausanne Tel. : + 41 22 794 57 94 Fax : + 41 22 794 28 14 Email : imperialcollegeswissalumni@epfl.ch

  17. Accounting for Impact at Imperial College London

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perkmann, Markus; Fini, Riccardo; Ross, Jan-Michael

    We report findings of a study of academic engagement and commercialisation at Imperial College London. We detail the extent of collaboration with industry, consulting, patenting and entrepreneurship by Imperial academics, as well as individuals’ motivations and perceived barriers to engagement. T....... The data stems from archival records held by the College, complemented by external databases, and a survey conducted among all academic staff in 2013....

  18. Entrevista al rector Jorge Enrique Silva en el programa Cara y Sello

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Duarte, Jorge Enrique

    2012-01-01

    Entrevista sobre emprendimiento y calidad en la educación superior al Rector de la Universidad EAN, Jorge Enrique Silva, en el programa de televisión colombiana Cara y Sello. La entrevista trata los temas de cultura emprendedora como un factor de desarrollo y su libro “Emprendedor”, el cual aborda el tema con mayor profundidad y nos muestra las características y elementos principales para una persona emprendedora. Un segundo tema es como la calidad de los programas y la utilización d...

  19. Independent roles of Fgfr2 and Frs2α in ureteric epithelium

    OpenAIRE

    Sims-Lucas, Sunder; Cusack, Brian; Eswarakumar, Veraragavan P.; Zhang, Jue(Institute for Fundamental Theory, Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, U.S.A.); Wang, Fen; Bates, Carlton M.

    2011-01-01

    Mice with conditional deletion of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (Fgfr2) in the ureteric bud using a Hoxb7cre line (Fgfr2UB−/−) develop severe ureteric branching defects; however, ureteric deletion of fibroblast growth factor receptor substrate 2α (Frs2α), a key docking protein that transmits fibroblast growth factor receptor intracellular signaling (Frs2αUB−/−) leads to mild ureteric defects. Mice with point mutations in the Frs2α binding site of Fgfr2 (Fgfr2LR/LR) have normal kidneys. ...

  20. Pliocene Invertebrates From the Travertine Point Outcrop of the Imperial Formation, Imperial County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Charles L.

    2008-01-01

    Forty-four invertebrate taxa, including one coral, 40 mollusks (30 bivalves and 10 gastropods), and three echinoids are recognized from a thin marine interval of the Imperial Formation near Travertine Point, Imperial County, California. The Travertine Point outcrop lies about midway between exposures of the Imperial Formation around Palm Springs, Riverside County, and exposures centered at Coyote Mountain in Imperial and San Diego Counties. Based on faunal comparisons, the Travertine Point outcrop corresponds to the Imperial and San Diego outcrops. The Travertine Point fauna is inferred to have lived in subtropical to tropical waters at littoral to inner sublittorial (<50 m) water depths. Coral and molluscan species from the Travertine Point outcrop indicate a Pliocene age. Two extant bivalve mollusks present have not previously been reported as fossils Anadara reinharti and forms questionably referred to Dosinia semiobliterata.

  1. PERCEPCIONES DE ACADEMICOS, DIRECTIVOS Y FUNCIONARIOS SOBRE LA LEGITIMIDAD Y EL LIDERAZGO DE LOS RECTORES DE LAS UNIVERSIDADES PUBLICAS MEXICANAS

    OpenAIRE

    ROMUALDO LÓPEZ ZÁRATE

    2013-01-01

    Los rectores de las universidades públicas forman parte de la estructura de la autoridad institucional. La autoridad que ostentan proviene de varias fuentes, la racional, la tradicional y la carismática, las cuales le dan legitimidad al ejercerla. Un aspecto de la legitimidad se relaciona con la percepción que tiene parte de la comunidad universitaria sobre el desempeño del rector, sobre su liderazgo. Este trabajo pretende incursionar en la percepción que tienen varios sectores de la comunida...

  2. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Facility Registry Service (FRS) Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This GIS dataset contains data on wastewater treatment plants, based on EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) and NPDES, along with Clean Watersheds Needs Survey...

  3. FRS 12: an inter-industry study of its impact on share prices

    OpenAIRE

    Jetty, J.; Danbolt, J.

    2006-01-01

    This paper assesses the impact of the publication of FRS No. 12, 'Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets' in 1998 on the share prices of UK companies. Although the standard affects all UK companies (restricting "big bath" provisions), it specifically requires extractive firms to make provisions for abandonment costs at the outset of the project. This additional requirement may cause FRS 12 to have a larger impact on companies in extractive industries compared to other compan...

  4. Chinese Jingdezhen blue and white imperial porcelain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU; Juan; LI; Jiazhi; DENG; Zequn; WANG; Changsui

    2004-01-01

    Jingdezhen blue and white imperial porcelain specimens from the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties have been systematically analyzed using a nondestructive test method--?energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis (EDXRF). The derived data of major and trace element compositions have been treated by correspondence analysis. The variation laws of the composition patterns for Jingdezhen blue and white imperial porcelain in different historical periods owing to the change in raw materials, recipe and technology have been discussed, and a time model related to variation of element composition has been preliminarily established, It would be helpful for scientific dating of Jingdezhen blue and white imperial porcelain, and even for the studies on the whole field of identification of ancient ceramics.

  5. Safety aspects of superconducting magnets for Super-FRS

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    The Super Fragment Separator (Super FRS) is a two-stage in flight separator to be built next to the site of GSI, Darmstadt, Germany as part of FAIR (Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research). Its purpose is to create and separate rare isotope beams and to enable the mass measurement also for very short lived nuclei. A superferric design with superconducting coils and standard iron yoke shaping the magnetic field was chosen for the magnets. The cooling will be by a liquid Helium bath. For the main dipoles only the coil is at cold for the multiplets (asemblies of quadrupoles and hgher order correctors) also the iron yoke will be in the bath. From a safety point of view the large He-volumes of more than 1000 l of the multiplets, the high design pressure of 20 bar, as well as the high inductances of the magnets up to 30 H are challenges to be considered in the design and definition of the testing procedures.

  6. Situated Interpretations of Nationalism, Imperialism, and Cosmopolitanism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chenchen

    2014-01-01

    The idea of the nation has been considered to have delivered political modernity from its native Europe to the rest of the world. The same applies, though more implicitly, to those paradoxes inherent to the nationalist ideology – that between universalism and national particularity and that between...... liberal nationalism and imperialism. This article seeks to complicate these theses by looking at the interpretations of nationalism, imperialism, and cosmopolitanism provided by Liang Qichao, one of the most influential Chinese intellectuals in early twentieth century, during his exile in Japan when...

  7. Imperialism and the English Language in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyle, Joseph

    1997-01-01

    Considers whether the charge of linguistic imperialism can be appropriately leveled against the British government during its colonial rule of Hong Kong. The article analyzes the concept of linguistic imperialism, considers landmarks in the history of the English language in Hong Kong, and applies the concept of linguistic imperialism to the…

  8. Comparison of CT-RECTOR and J-CTO scores to predict chronic total occlusion difficulty for percutaneous coronary intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Yahang; Zhou, Jia; Zhang, Wei; Zhou, Ying; Du, Luoshan; Tian, Feng; Guo, Jun; Chen, Lian; Cao, Feng; Chen, Yundai

    2017-05-15

    We sought to evaluate the ability of the CT-RECTOR and J-CTO scores to predict time-efficient guidewire (GW) crossing through a chronic total occlusion (CTO) and final procedure success. Data from 191 consecutive CTO lesions with pre-procedural coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) from our center were analyzed retrospectively. The difficulty of the procedure was classified as easy, intermediate, difficult, or very difficult according to CT-RECTOR and J-CTO scores. A successful GW crossing within 30min was set as the first endpoint. Final success of the procedure was set as the second endpoint. Receiver operating characteristic curves and net reclassification improvement (NRI) were used to compare the performance of both scores in predicting both endpoints. The first and second endpoints were achieved in 55% and 76% of lesions, respectively. The NRI for prediction for both endpoints were 30.21% and 28.94%, respectively. Use of the CT-RECTOR score demonstrated a positive NRI for both the first (p=0.0027) and second (p=0.0190) endpoints. Compared with the J-CTO score (area under the curve: 0.76), the CT-RECTOR score (area under the curve: 0.85) yielded a higher predictive value for successful GW crossing within 30min (p=0.0018). Compared with J-CTO, the CT-RECTOR scoring system provides a more accurate noninvasive tool for predicting time-efficient GW crossing and final procedure success. This scoring system, which is based on CCTA, may aid in the identification of very difficult CTO lesions and downstream management. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Imperial College London mascot visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Hills, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    Boanerges (‘Son of Thunder’) is one of the mascots of Imperial College and is looked after by volunteer students of the City and Guilds College Motor Club. Team Bo visited CERN as part of a wider tour of France and Switzerland.

  10. Realities and Myths of Linguistic Imperialism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillipson, Robert

    1997-01-01

    Responds to Alan Davies's review article "Ironising the Myth of Linguicism," summarizing principles for the analysis of linguistic imperialism and demonstrating that the phenomenon is far from mythical. The article responds to some of the points raised by Davies to show that his generalizations are not justified. (41 references) (Author/CK)

  11. Linguistic Imperialism, Cultural Integrity, and EIL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modiano, Marko

    2001-01-01

    Argues that while linguistic imperialism is real and needs to be addressed, one way for the language instructor to come to terms with the cultural imposition of English language teaching is to define English as an international language. Suggests promoting "prestige varieties" positions the practitioner as purveyor of Anglo-American hegemony and…

  12. Language Science and Orientalism in Imperial Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Judith R. H.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation addresses a significant gap in the historiography of science: the nature of the language sciences as "science." Focusing on disciplinary and intellectual developments in the context of Imperial Germany (1871-1918), the project anticipates, complicates, and helps to explain a widely recognized theoretical shift, namely,…

  13. The Linguistic Imperialism of Neoliberal Empire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillipson, Robert

    2008-01-01

    The article explores the transition from the linguistic imperialism of the colonial and postcolonial ages to the increasingly dominant role of English as a neoimperial language. It analyzes "global" English as a key dimension of the U.S. empire. U.S. expansionism is a fundamental principle of the foreign policy of the United States that can be…

  14. "Economics Imperialism", Education Policy and Educational Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allais, Stephanie

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines how economics imperialism (the increasing colonization of other disciplines by neoclassical economics) has affected contemporary education policies. I suggest that an increasing preoccupation with education meeting the needs of the economy, together with the prevalence of economic concepts outside of economics, have contributed…

  15. Syllabus for Use in Imperial Chinese History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husum, Carol

    This syllabus is for a one semester course in the history of Imperial China, a study of the development of the world's oldest civilization still in existence. Emphasis is placed upon the cultural as well as the political and economic development of China until 1644. Major topics in the course outline are: 1) The Origins and Geography of China; 2)…

  16. FRS (Facility Registration System) Sites, Geographic NAD83, EPA (2007) [facility_registration_system_sites_LA_EPA_2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    Louisiana Geographic Information Center — This dataset contains locations of Facility Registry System (FRS) sites which were pulled from a centrally managed database that identifies facilities, sites or...

  17. Experimental program of the Super-FRS Collaboration at FAIR and developments of related instrumentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Äystö, J. [Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki (Finland); Behr, K.-H. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Benlliure, J. [Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Bracco, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano, 20133 Milano (Italy); Egelhof, P. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Fomichev, A. [Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, JINR, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Galès, S. [Institut de Physique Nucléaire Orsay, 91406 Orsay (France); Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, P.O. Box MG6, Bucharest (Romania); Geissel, H. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Justus-Liebig-Universität, 35392 Gießen (Germany); Grahn, T. [Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki (Finland); Department of Physics, University of Jyvaskyla, P.O. Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla (Finland); Grigorenko, L.V. [Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, JINR, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Harakeh, M.N. [KVI Center for Advanced Radiation Technology, University of Groningen, 9700 Groningen (Netherlands); Hayano, R. [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, 113-0033 Tokyo (Japan); Heinz, S. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Itahashi, K. [RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Jokinen, A. [Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki (Finland); Department of Physics, University of Jyvaskyla, P.O. Box 35, 40014 Jyvaskyla (Finland); and others

    2016-06-01

    The physics program at the super-conducting fragment separator (Super-FRS) at FAIR, being operated in a multiple-stage, high-resolution spectrometer mode, is discussed. The Super-FRS will produce, separate and transport radioactive beams at high energies up to 1.5 AGeV, and it can be also used as a stand-alone experimental device together with ancillary detectors. Various combinations of the magnetic sections of the Super-FRS can be operated in dispersive, achromatic or dispersion-matched spectrometer ion-optical modes, which allow measurements of momentum distributions of secondary-reaction products with high resolution and precision. A number of unique experiments in atomic, nuclear and hadron physics are suggested with the Super-FRS as a stand-alone device, in particular searches for new isotopes, studies of hypernuclei, delta-resonances in exotic nuclei and spectroscopy of atoms characterized by bound mesons. Rare decay modes like multiple-proton or neutron emission and the nuclear tensor force observed in high-momentum regime can be also addressed. The in-flight radioactivity measurements as well as fusion, transfer and deep-inelastic reaction mechanisms with the slowed-down and energy-bunched fragment beams are proposed for the high-resolution and energy buncher modes at the Super-FRS.

  18. 24 February 2012 - Polish Vice-Rectors AGH University of Science and Technology Cracow visiting the ATLAS underground experimental area with Former Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni; Vice Rector J. Lis signs a collaboration agreement with A. Unnervik; Adviser T. Kurtyka and A. Siemko accompany the delegation throughout.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    24 February 2012 - Polish Vice-Rectors AGH University of Science and Technology Cracow visiting the ATLAS underground experimental area with Former Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni; Vice Rector J. Lis signs a collaboration agreement with A. Unnervik; Adviser T. Kurtyka and A. Siemko accompany the delegation throughout.

  19. 10 January 2008 - Prime Minister of Malta L. Gonzi KUOM, LLD, MP, signing a collaboration agreement with CERN Director-General R. Aymar; standing: University of Malta Pro Rector for Research and Innovation R. Muscat, University of Malta Rector J. Camilleri, CERN national representative N. Sammut, Adviser to the Director-General E. Tsesmelis.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    10 January 2008 - Prime Minister of Malta L. Gonzi KUOM, LLD, MP, signing a collaboration agreement with CERN Director-General R. Aymar; standing: University of Malta Pro Rector for Research and Innovation R. Muscat, University of Malta Rector J. Camilleri, CERN national representative N. Sammut, Adviser to the Director-General E. Tsesmelis.

  20. On-line commissioning of the cryogenic stopping cell for the Super-FRS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Purushothaman, Sivaji; Estrade, Alfredo; Farinon, Fabio; Kurcewicz, Jan; Lang, Johannes; Nociforo, Chiara; Pietri, Stephane; Prochazka, Andrey; Reiter, Moritz Pascal; Takechi, Maya; Winfield, John; Weick, Helmut [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Dendooven, Peter; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, Nasser; Ranjan, Manisha [KVI, University of Groningen (Netherlands); Dickel, Timo; Geissel, Hans; Haettner, Emma; Knoebel, Ronja; Plass, Wolfgang; Scheidenberger, Christoph [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Justus-Liebig-Univ., Giessen (Germany); Ebert, Jens; Jesch, Christian [Justus-Liebig-Univ., Giessen (Germany); Moore, Iain; Rinta-Antila, Sami [University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

    2012-07-01

    A cryogenic stopping cell developed for the low-energy branch of the Super-FRS at FAIR has been successfully commissioned in combination with a multiple-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometer at the FRS at GSI. The stopping cell has a stopping length of 1 m and is operated at 100 mbar helium at 100 K. The helium density used in this test is several times higher than the gas densities achieved in comparable room temperature stopping cells. In-flight separated and range-focussed {sup 223}Th fragments from the FRS have been slowed down, thermalized and extracted. Results of this test and the plans for future experiments are discussed.

  1. Representation and Imperialism in Edward Said

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Sciberras de Carvalho

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on the idea that culture and identities involve a politically built process, the importance of the concepts of representation and imperialism in the work of Edward Said is discussed. The article analyses two of the author’s general proposals. Firstly, the thesis of the centrality of cultural dimension in political relations, which leads to the review of postulates that consider culture as a mere reflection of a phenomena seen as essential or as a sphere isolated from the power practices. Secondly, the study examines how the author’s conception of imperialism is used as a means of identification that keep structures of authority and hegemony, which, in turn, may be defied by processes of resistance. Finally, the validity of the open character of Said’s political theory is debated, which encompasses both the power of representations and an action of political questioning.

  2. Similitudes y diferencias en el perfil de los rectores de dos universidades estatales de la frontera norte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Piñera Ramírez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es analizar el perfil de los rectores de la Universidad Autónoma de Baja California (UABC y de la Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua (UACH mediante la caracterización de una serie de rasgos resultantes de comparar un conjunto determinado de variables, entre las que destacan aquellas que específicamente implican condiciones de vinculación con la universidad y arraigo en el ámbito regional respectivo. Se toma en consi- deración también el papel relevante que desempeñan los rectores con base en las facultades que les otorga la normatividad correspondiente.

  3. Cryogenic distribution for radioactive secondary beam fragment separator (Super-FRS) of FAIR

    CERN Document Server

    Xiang, Y; Kauschke, M; Moritz, G; Quack, H

    2009-01-01

    We present the flow schemes for the superconducting dipoles, the superconducting multiplets (quadrupoles, hexapoles, octupoles and steering dipoles) and the corresponding feedboxes of the Super-FRS in the FAIR project. The system layout of the helium distribution for the whole separator including the three branches of the Super-FRS and the experiment caves is discussed as well. Based on the maximum cooling capacity specified for the refrigerator, the cold-down time of the multiplets which are characteristic of large cold mass (up to 37 Tons for each) has been investigated. The issues as operation conditions, quench protection and safety relief are also discussed.

  4. El Museo Imperial de Guerra en Londres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela Dacosta

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Generalidades sobre algunos tipos de materiales especiales existen en el “Imperial War Museum” de Gran Bretaña. Se observa: a una superposición de métodos manuales y automatizados para el procesamiento técnico de las colecciones no tradicionales; b diferentes grabados de desarrollo en la implementación de sistemas computarizados.

  5. Foreword: French Language Acquisition in Imperial Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derek Offord

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The foreword to Vivliofika’s cluster of articles on French language acquisition in Imperial Russia mentions the scholarly project and conference out of which the cluster arises, briefly describes the UK-based project, states the importance of study of education in it, summarises a few of the main educational questions that are germane in this connection and, finally, simply introduces the contents of the cluster.

  6. Fast Food Paradox: Freedom and Cultural Imperialism

    OpenAIRE

    Lelia Voinea

    2012-01-01

    Fast food is often regarded as a form of cultural imperialism. Fast-food products, originating in the U.S.A., are considered by the critics of this phenomenon as responsible for eroding the interest in local food traditions and affecting their continuity. Based on the results of some researches realized at international and national level, the paper highlights the main issues underlying young people preference for fast-food. The consumption of fast food is associated with the idea of independ...

  7. Optical legacy of Imperial College London

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidger Webb-Moore, Tina E.

    2016-10-01

    The Industrial Revolution, beginning primarily in the UK, generated an increasing need for highly skilled technical people. Throughout the 19th century, technical instruction increased dramatically and the formation of schools specializing in science and technology grew quickly. In England, there was much motivation in favour of a national prestige center for science and technology centered in London. Central among the motivating forces was Queen Victoria's husband, Prince Albert. Although there were already existing specialist science and technology institutions in major English cities, the growth of superior institutions in other countries within Europe, especially Germany and the Charlottenburg area of Berlin (e.g., the Berlin Technical High School), encouraged important English dignitaries to become more competitive with continental Europe. As a result of this strong continental motivation, several science and technology institutions were built in the south Kensington part of London during the latter half of the 19th century. Imperial College, founded at the start of the 20th century, was a culmination and consolidation of several of these 19th century English institutions. Optical science and technology was an early beneficiary of the founding of Imperial College. This paper will attempt to provide the reader with an understanding of how great was the influence of the optical section of Imperial College in the further development of the world's optical science and technology.

  8. Imperial Matter: Ancient Persia and the Archaeology of Empires

    OpenAIRE

    Khatchadourian, Lori

    2016-01-01

    What is the role of the material world in shaping the tensions and paradoxes of imperial sovereignty? Scholars have long shone light on the complex processes of conquest, extraction, and colonialism under imperial rule. But imperialism has usually been cast as an exclusively human drama, one in which the world of matter does not play an active role. Lori Khatchadourian argues instead that things—from everyday objects to monumental buildings—profoundly shape social and political life under emp...

  9. Technical report on the design, construction, commissioning and operation of the super-FRS of FAIR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geissel, H.; Winkler, M.; Weick, H. [and others

    2005-04-01

    In this report the construction of the super-FRS is described. Especially described are the ion-optical lay-out, the production targets, the magnets, the beam dumps, the degrader systems and the ion catcher, detectors and data-acquisition systems, as well as the safety aspects. (HSI)

  10. The Handheld Library: Developments at the Rector Gabriel Ferraté Library, UPC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Benítez Juan

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to highlight the mobile services developed by the Rector Gabriel Ferraté Library (BRGF of the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC-Barcelona Tech in Barcelona, Spain. We hope this paper will be of use to other libraries exploring new technologies for communicating and delivering their services to users at a time when mobile services are an emerging topic in librarianship and information science literature. By setting out the successive steps involved in the as yet unfinished process of building our mobile services portfolio, we aim to offer a detailed picture of the mobile services and features offered by a university library from a case study perspective. The main topics to be discussed include: The BRGF’s mobile website, including the information available, its interactive capabilities and the services it provides to its users. The mobile-friendly version of UP Commons(the UPC Library Service’s institutional repositories. The UPC Library Service’s mobile OPAC. The mobile version of u-win(BRGF’s videogame service. The use of QR codes to deliver information to mobile devices. Text message notifications. Additional topics for discussion include: The library’s organisation and the organisational concepts that underpin and make possible its technological developments (including mobile. BRGF’s concern regarding the reduction of investment in the development of mobile services. The criteria and tools used to guide the library’s decisions regarding the design and orientation of current and future mobile services. How mobile services can help to improve the image of the library as a leading technology site. Selected mobile features that BRGF plans to offer in the near future. Ultimately, this paper aims to delineate the effectiveness and potential of delivering library services by the preferred means of communication of a new generation of students and teachers.

  11. Adaptation and validation of a Spanish-language version of the Frontotemporal Dementia Rating Scale (FTD-FRS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turró-Garriga, O; Hermoso Contreras, C; Olives Cladera, J; Mioshi, E; Pelegrín Valero, C; Olivera Pueyo, J; Garre-Olmo, J; Sánchez-Valle, R

    2017-06-01

    The Frontotemporal Dementia Rating Scale (FTD-FRS) is a tool designed to aid with clinical staging and assessment of the progression of frontotemporal dementia (FTD-FRS). Present a multicentre adaptation and validation study of a Spanish version of the FRS. The adapted version was created using 2 translation-back translation processes (English to Spanish, Spanish to English) and verified by the scale's original authors. We validated the adapted version in a sample of consecutive patients diagnosed with FTD. The procedure included evaluating internal consistency, testing unidimensionality with the Rasch model, analysing construct validity and discriminant validity, and calculating the degree of agreement between the Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR) and FTD-FRS for FTD cases. The study included 60 patients with DFT. The mean score on the FRS was 12.1 points (SD=6.5; range, 2-25) with inter-group differences (F=120.3; df=3; P<.001). Cronbach's alpha was 0.897 and principal component analysis of residuals delivered an acceptable eigenvalue for 5 contrasts (1.6-2.7) and 36.1% raw variance. FRS was correlated with the Mini-mental State Examination (r=0.572; P<.001) and functional capacity (DAD; r=0.790; P<.001). FTD-FRS also showed a significant correlation with CDR (r=-0.641; P<.001), but we did observe variability in the severity levels; cases appeared to be less severe according to the CDR than when measured with the FTD-FRS (kappa=0.055). This process of validating the Spanish translation of the FTD-FRS yielded satisfactory results for validity and unidimensionality (severity) in the assessment of patients with FTD. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  12. Imperial Valley College 2+2+2 Project Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquez, Ralph

    This handbook of the Imperial Valley College (IVC) 2+2+2 Project provides an overview of the development of an articulated education program for business and law enforcement careers, involving six local high schools and San Diego State University, Imperial Valley Campus. Following a brief introduction to the 2+2+2 project in section I, section II…

  13. A Study of Imperial Maids Life Through Tangs Poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuc Lin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Article observed the life of Tangs imperial maids through the poetry of Tang Dynasty. . Imperial maids were started from Sui Dynasty, especially Emperor Sui Yangdis period, and Tangs imperial maids were many. Emperor with various kind of reasons, in most every year would choose some girls and took them into his palace and they worked as imperial maids. They were girls from ordinary people, respectable, and noble families. Those girls who once entered imperial palace, theyb would be very hard to come out. They had to obey the regulation in the palace. Through some poetry it could be portrayed the imperial maids lifetime in serving the emperor, imperial concubines and got rest after midnight. Except for working, they werent able to come out from palace, they couldnt go home to visit their family, even got married, their lives were full of loneliness. If they were sick, or old, the emperor wouldnt like them anymore, they would be sent away anytime. Even if they left imperial palace, and got their freedom, but most of them lived tragically.

  14. The Imperial College Thermophysical Properties Data Centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angus, S.; Cole, W. A.; Craven, R.; de Reuck, K. M.; Trengove, R. D.; Wakeham, W. A.

    1986-07-01

    The IUPAC Thermodynamic Tables Project Centre in London has at its disposal considerable expertise on the production and utilization of high-accuracy equations of state which represent the thermodynamic properties of substances. For some years they have been content to propagate this information by the traditional method of book production, but the increasing use of the computer in industry for process design has shown that an additional method was needed. The setting up of the IUPAC Transport Properties Project Centre, also at Imperial College, whose products would also be in demand by industry, afforded the occasion for a new look at the problem. The solution has been to set up the Imperial College Thermophysical Properties Data Centre, which embraces the two IUPAC Project Centres, and for it to establish a link with the existing Physical Properties Data Service of the Institution of Chemical Engineers, thus providing for the dissemination of the available information without involving the Centres in problems such as those of marketing and advertising. This paper outlines the activities of the Centres and discusses the problems in bringing their products to the attention of industry in suitable form.

  15. Imperial climatographies from Tyrol to Turkestan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coen, Deborah R

    2011-01-01

    This article argues for the importance of Europe's continental empires, Habsburg and Romanov, to the emergence of a physical-dynamical model of the global climate before World War I. It begins to identify a set of questions and methods that were distinctive of climatology as a continental-imperial science of "regionalization" with a global vision. The focus is on studies of mountain climatology by Heinrich von Ficker and A. I. Voeikov in the ecologically vulnerable regions of Tyrol and western Turkestan. This continental-imperial context deserves historians' attention because it suggests a new model for the globalization of knowledge: not simply a matter of scaling up, globalization must be understood as a process of seeing across scales, of recognizing causal connections between local, regional, and planetary phenomena. "For a change, the material for a dissertation was procured mostly with the feet." Heinz Ficker, of his research on the föhn wind in Tyrol, 1906 "Science is something beautiful, especially when you can do it on horseback." Ficker in his journal in 1913, in a mountain pass in central Asia.

  16. Similitudes y diferencias en el perfil de los rectores de dos universidades estatales de la frontera norte

    OpenAIRE

    David Piñera Ramírez; Guillermo Hernández Orozco

    2014-01-01

    El propósito de este artículo es analizar el perfil de los rectores de la Universidad Autónoma de Baja California (UABC) y de la Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua (UACH) mediante la caracterización de una serie de rasgos resultantes de comparar un conjunto determinado de variables, entre las que destacan aquellas que específicamente implican condiciones de vinculación con la universidad y arraigo en el ámbito regional respectivo. Se toma en consi- deración también el papel relevante que desem...

  17. La élite de la Universidad Nacional. Trayectoria e ideas de los rectores de la UNAM, 1945-1970

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidel Astorga Ortiz

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este trabajo consiste en analizar la conformación de una élite universitaria, tomando como objeto de estudio la Universidad Nacional y particularmente a sus rectores, sobre la base de considerarlos figuras por demás representativas de dicha élite. En tal sentido, se estudian sus centros de reclutamiento, las características de su circulación, así como los valores e ideas que le imprimen cohesión e identidad

  18. La implementación de los Principios Rectores ONU sobre empresas y derechos humanos en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inmaculada Vivas-Tesón

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años se ha cristalizado la expectativa social de que los entes empresariales, y en particular, las empresas transnacionales, tienen el deber de respetar los derechos humanos. Esta expectativa se ha plasmado, entre otros, en la adopción en 2011 de los Principios Rectores sobre empresas y derechos humanos por el Consejo de Derechos Humanos de Naciones Unidas. En esta comunicación trataremos las implicaciones para España del marco de Naciones Unidas sobre empresas y derechos humanos y sus implicaciones para España.

  19. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Facility Registry Service (FRS) Emergency Response (ER) Risk Management Plan (RMP) Facilities - Oil and Hazardous Materials

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The purpose of this web feature service is to provide users with access to integrated facility information from FRS, limited to the subset of facilities that link to...

  20. Computational, structural, and kinetic evidence that Vibrio vulnificus FrsA is not a cofactor-independent pyruvate decarboxylase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellett, Whitney F; Brunk, Elizabeth; Desai, Bijoy J; Fedorov, Alexander A; Almo, Steven C; Gerlt, John A; Rothlisberger, Ursula; Richards, Nigel G J

    2013-03-19

    The fermentation-respiration switch (FrsA) protein in Vibrio vulnificus was recently reported to catalyze the cofactor-independent decarboxylation of pyruvate. We now report quantum mechanical/molecular mechenical calculations that examine the energetics of C-C bond cleavage for a pyruvate molecule bound within the putative active site of FrsA. These calculations suggest that the barrier to C-C bond cleavage in the bound substrate is 28 kcal/mol, which is similar to that estimated for the uncatalyzed decarboxylation of pyruvate in water at 25 °C. In agreement with the theoretical predictions, no pyruvate decarboxylase activity was detected for recombinant FrsA protein that could be crystallized and structurally characterized. These results suggest that the functional annotation of FrsA as a cofactor-independent pyruvate decarboxylase is incorrect.

  1. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Facility Registry Service (FRS) Emergency Response (ER) Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) Facilities - Oil and Hazardous Materials

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The purpose of this web feature service is to provide users with access to integrated facility information from FRS, limited to the subset of facilities that link to...

  2. Estimation of critical parameters for the Super-FRS target at FAIR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meister, Claudia-Veronika; Hoffmann, Dieter H.H. [Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Institut fuer Kernphysik (Germany)

    2014-07-01

    In the Super-FRS target and in the beam catchers at GSI stress waves are generated by intense, fast-extracted ion beams which deposit a high amount of energy within a very short time into target material. This may cause material damage. In this connection, measurements of thermal parameters and eddy-currents resistivity are planned as monitoring techniques. At the same time, to understand the physics of the destruction processes in more detail, also a comprehensive theoretical study of thermal parameters such as heat capacity and coefficient of thermal expansion as well as transport coefficients in warm dense matter is necessary. Here, latest experimental and theoretical results for the critical parameters of the Super-FRS target are compared.

  3. La apuesta científica y humanista de la Universidad de Salamanca. Entrevista con el Rector de Salamanca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Centeno Richardson, Santiago

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available

    Bajo la mirada crítica de su rector, repasamos los aspectos más relevantes de una de las Universidades más prestigiosas y antiguas del mimdo que, con la entrada al nuevo milenio, expande su contribución a la educación y proyecta aún más su proyección innovadora.

    Después de dos períodos onsecutivos como Rector, Ignacio Berdugo Gómez de la Torre describe, desde su óptica, el lugar que ocupa la Universidad de Salamanca en el panorama internacional. Considera prioritario e imprescindible buscar la convergencia de quienes son actores responsables en la formación de profesionales, las universidades y las administraciones. Consciente de la importancia histórica de la USAL tanto en Europa como en Latinoamérica, siendo para esta última una referencia indiscutida, Berdugo responde cómo concibe la institución el hecho de ser una fuente de producción de dos culturas: la tradicionalmente humanista y la cada vez más pujante cultura científica.

  4. Radiation protection design for the Super-FRS and SIS100 at the international FAIR facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlova, Ekaterina; Sokolov, Alexey; Radon, Torsten; Lang, Rupert; Conrad, Inna; Fehrenbacher, Georg; Weick, Helmut; Winkler, Martin

    2017-09-01

    The new accelerator SIS100 and the Super-FRS will be built at the international Facility for Antiprotons and Ion Research FAIR. The synchrotron SIS100 is a core part of the FAIR facility which serves for acceleration of ions like Uranium up to 2.7 GeV/u with intensities of 3x1011 particles per second or protons up to 30 GeV with intensities of 5x1012 particles per second. The Super-FRS is a superconducting fragment separator, it will be able to separate all kinds of nuclear projectile fragments of primary heavy ion beams including Uranium with energies up to 1.5 GeV/u and intensities up to 3x1011 particles per second. During operation activation of several components, especially the production target and the beam catchers will take place. For handling of highly activated components it is foreseen to have a hot cell with connected storage place. All calculations for the optimisation of the shielding design of the SIS100, the Super-FRS and the hot cell were performed using the Monte Carlo code FLUKA, results are presented.

  5. Imperial boyhood: piracy and the play ethic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deane, Bradley

    2011-01-01

    Representations of perpetual boyhood came to fascinate the late Victorians, partly because such images could naturalize a new spirit of imperial aggression and new policies of preserving power. This article traces the emergence of this fantasy through a series of stories about the relationship of the boy and the pirate, figures whose opposition in mid-Victorian literature was used to articulate the moral legitimacy of colonialism, but who became doubles rather than antitheses in later novels, such as R.L. Stevenson's "Treasure Island" and Joseph Conrad's "Lord Jim." Masculine worth needed no longer to be measured by reference to transcendent, universal laws, but by a morally flexible ethic of competitive play, one that bound together boyishness and piracy in a satisfying game of international adventure.

  6. Bird Use of Imperial Valley Crops [ds427

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Agriculture crops in the Imperial Valley of California provide valuable habitat for many resident and migratory birds and are a very important component of the...

  7. Selenium in aquatic habitats at Imperial National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — During 1991 and 1992, selenium levels were studied in aquatic communities at Imperial National Wildlife Refuge on the lower Colorado River. Composite samples of...

  8. A Qualified Optimistic Analysis of Imperial Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine D. Worobec

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In his magnum opus on Russia’s imperial history B.N. Mironov characterizes himself as a positivist thinker who marshals impressive amounts of statistics and other types of hard evidence, and employs economic theory, sociological paradigms to understand Russian social structures and development, political analysis, anthropology, and at times psychology to Russia over the longue durée. With this arsenal at hand, he argues against Russian exceptionalism and identifies Russia instead as a typical European state. In so doing, he emphasizes Imperial Russia’s successes as a state, the social and economic foundations of which, he argues, did not cause revolution and attributes revolution to political causes. As he has tried to do previously, the author does not begin with the revolutions of the early twentieth century and largely does not read history backwards, but rather delineates Russia’s historical development within a robust comparative European context (occasionally broadening that context to include the United States. More specifically, B.N. Mironov charts Russia’s modernization through the creation of well-defined estates in the late eighteenth century and the subsequent breakdown of those estates in the post-reform period as a result of greater social mobility; gradual urbanization; industrialization; the beginnings of a demographic transformation; improvements in the standard of living; an increase in literacy; the development of a civil society; the spread of private property among all social groups; the growth of individualism; and the eventual establishment of the rule of law, all of which constitute the attributes of a modern European state. The author’s largely negative perceptions of the Russian peasants’ mentalité, however, sit uneasily with his claims about advancements in the countryside by the turn of the twentieth century. Equating peasants’ collectivism with authoritarianism and conflating it with the Bolshevik

  9. Gratulatoria del Rector José Ramón Alonso Peña. Solemne investidura como Doctor "Honoris Causa" de Basilio Martín Patino

    OpenAIRE

    Alonso Peña, José-Ramón

    2007-01-01

    Gratulatoria del Rector de la Universidad de Salamanca, José Ramón Alonso Peña con motivo de la investidura como Doctor Honoris Causa de Basilio Martín Patino, celebrada en Salamanca el 28 de noviembre de 2007.

  10. Rectoría de la vigilancia en salud pública en el sistema de seguridad social en salud de Colombia: estudio de casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda Lucía López

    2009-12-01

    Conclusión. La implementación de la vigilancia en salud pública en el ámbito territorial es débil debido a problemas en la rectoría estatal, manifiestos en la falta de regulación, financiamiento y control en el sistema de salud.

  11. The British Museum: An Imperial Museum in a Post-Imperial World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily Duthie

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the British Museum’s imperialist attitudes towards classical heritage. Despite considerable pressure from foreign governments, the museum has consistently refused to return art and antiquities that it acquired under the aegis of empire. It is the contention of this article that the British Museum remains an imperialist institution. The current debates over the British Museum’s collections raise profound questions about the relationship between museums and modern nation states and their nationalist claims to ancient heritage. The museum’s inflexible response to repatriation claims also encapsulates the challenges inherent in presenting empire and its legacy to contemporary, post-imperial audiences.

  12. New imperialism and beyond: why the new imperialism will fail and unseat the Bush Administration?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petri Minkkinen

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Tras los atentados terroristas del 11S de 2001, los Estados Unidos implantaron una política de nuevo imperialismo y de construcción de un nuevo tipo de imperio mundial. Las políticas globales norteamericanas pueden dividirse en economista, cooperativista y reglada por el idealismo Wilsoneano, y el imperialismo Rooseveltiano, basado en un nacionalismo agresivo, militarismo, unilateralismo y governanza global  basada en reglas directas, presencia física y coerción. Las políticas de la administraciones Bush representan esta última vertiente y la Guerra contra el Terror puede ser interpretada como una Primera Guerra Mundial y una guerra civil en los Estados Unidos. Se proclama que un nuevo imperialismo fracasará debido a diversas razones de tipo económica, política, étnica e histórica, y que esta política está debilitando la posición global de Estados Unidos. Al final, se explica cómo en el contexto de una Nueva Contención Pacífica, los ciudadanos norteamericanos y los ciudadanos del resto del mundo pueden utilizar la democracia en contra del nuevo imperialismo y apoyar un cambio de régimen democrático en Estados Unidos, procediendo a la construcción conjunta de un  mundo democrático y justo.________________ABSTRACT:After the terrorist attacks of S-11-2001 the US engaged in the policies of new imperialism and in the construction of a new kind of world-empire. US global policies can be divided in detached, economist, cooperative, rule-based Wilsonian Idealism and Theodore Rooseveltian Imperialism, based on aggressive nationalism, militarism, unilateralism and global governance based on direct rule, physical presence and coercion. The Bush administrations policies represent the latter and the War on Terror and Non-White Others can be seen as a First World War and an Internal Civil War in the US. It is claimed that the new imperialism will fail due to various economic, political, ethical and historical reasons and that this

  13. Perfil biográfico del canonista Juan Josef Alfranca y Castellote (1754-1817, rector del colegio de Bolonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astorgano Abajo, Antonio

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Juan Jose Alfranca y Castellote (Zaragoza, 8.III.1754 – Cuevas de Cañart [Teruel], 1817 of nobleman origin, doctor in canon laws by the universities of Zaragoza and Bolonia, wassuccesfully, schoolboy and rector of Saint Clement school for Spaniards in Bolonia (1780,1788, Mayor of crime in the courthouse of Seville, listener and one of the foundersof the Royal Courthouse of Extremadura (1791, and doctoral canon and then ecclesiastical governor of the Teruel diocese during the French invasion (1812. In this essay, the stages of his vital road are highlighted, as well as the features of his personality which are characterized by his uprightness and deep law knowledge and by his reformist and well educated atitude, as he made clear in the cross-examination to the Llerena Perty (1791.Juan José Alfranca y Castellote (Zaragoza, 8.III.54 – ¿Cuevas de Cañart? [Teruel], 1817, de origen infanzón, doctor en Cánones por las universidades de Zaragoza y Bolonia, fue sucesivamente, colegial y rector del Colegio de San Clemente de Españoles de Bolonia (1780-1788, alcalde del crimen de la Audiencia de Sevilla, oidor y uno de los fundadores de la Real Audiencia de Extremadura (1791 y canónigo doctoral y gobernador eclesiástico de la diócesis de Teruel durante la ocupación francesa (1812. En el presente trabajo se ponen de relieve las etapas de su trayectoria vital, así como los rasgos de su personalidad, caracterizada por su rectitud y profundos conocimientos jurídicos, y por su actitud reformista e ilustrada, como puso de manifiesto en el Interrogatorio del Partido de Llerena (1791.

  14. Rehabilitation of the imperial examination system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Haifeng

    2006-01-01

    Since the abolishment of the imperial examination system (the IES) in 1905,the system has been the target of severe criticism by most Chinese people.This paper is intended to clear up the misunderstanding of the IES in seven respects based on some ideas of rehabilitation of the IES over the past 100 years.In the author's opinion,the IES is actually not so contemptible as most people think,at least it is not a bad system.The examination system was an attempt to recruit men on the basis of merit rather than because of social position or political connections,which is a great invention of China.Although it was abolished,the method to select talents by means of examination has not yet been and cannot be exterminated,and it is still proper to be used in the present society.The IES with a 1,300-year history has rich experiences and valuable lessons,which have implications to various examination reforms.

  15. Communication imperialism and dependency: a conceptual clarification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, P S

    1988-01-01

    Communications imperialism has to do with the domination of a country's media activities by another. The ownership, structure, distribution or content of the media in 1 country are affected by pressures from media interests of another country or group out of proportion with those of that country. To determine if this is happening we should consider the country's policies, the private sector;s efforts to export communications elements, and actions of the dominant country against the dominated. The 4 aspects of international media in this situation are television program exportation, foreign ownership and control of media distribution, the infringement of capital opinions on other societies, and the transfer of commercialism and broadcasting norms. In addition to the software and hardware and the other forms of communication such as satellites, computers, and transportation of the mass media, there are the cultural effects on the developing countries. In the case of involuntary of voluntary dependency of the recipient country, the effect of the unbalanced international communication can be harmful or beneficial. Communication dependency may not be harmful to the culture of the recipient country. In determining the theory of unbalanced international communications 3 factors should be considered. There are: the role of the interacting countries, the nature of the dependency of the recipient country, and the beneficial or harmful effect of unbalanced communication pattern on that country.

  16. National ornament and the imperial masquerade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nóra Veszprémi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of Rebecca Houze, Textiles, Fashion, and Design Reform in Austria–Hungary before the First World War: Principles of Dress: Rebecca Houze’s book is a thoroughly researched and original study of the impact of design reform on textile production and fashion in Austria-Hungary in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century which centres its argument around the Bekleidungsprinzip (“principle of dress” put forward by Gottfried Semper. It discusses the role of newly founded applied arts museums, industrial exhibitions, the concept of “house industry,” and the upsurge of interest in folk crafts in this process, while also placing a strong emphasis on the role of women as producers of textiles. One of the main virtues of the book is its wide scope which manages to investigate endeavours informed by different and sometimes opposed national and imperial interests in their complicated interconnectedness. It is a pity that this broad perspective is narrowed down in the second part of the book which focuses on with turn-of-the-century Vienna and does not deal with modernist tendencies in Hungarian design. Nevertheless, this part of the book also provides a fascinating discussion of its own subject, and the monograph as a whole is a valuable contribution to its field of study.

  17. El servicio civil en la China imperial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Martínez Legorreta

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto describe la concepción del imperio chino y la estructura de gobierno que lo sostenía: la burocracia de los eruditos-funcionarios (mandarines, una clase numéricamente pequeña que ostentaba todo el poder y era la mayor propietaria de grandes extensiones de tierra. Todas las funciones de administración y mediación estaban a cargo de esos funcionarios, quienes eran preparados según los principios filosóficos del confucianismo y ocuparon una posición estratégica desde la que influían en toda política del gobierno y aseguraban así su permanencia. De ese modo se estableció un servicio civil de carrera de por vida, que a la vez que gobernaba y administraba, daba al régimen imperial la sanción racional y ética que necesitaba para el ejercicio de su autoridad. El secreto de su continuidad y supervivencia estaba en el sistema de exámenes para reclutar funcionarios para el Estado.

  18. Tracker electronics testing at Imperial College London

    CERN Document Server

    PPARC, UK

    2006-01-01

    Jonathon Fulcher and Rob Bainbridge testing a rack of CMS Tracker readout electronics at Imperial College London. The signals from the front end APV chips will be transmitted optically to racks of electronics ~100m away in an adjacent underground cavern where they are fed into ~20 crates where 500 CMS Front End Driver boards (FEDs) are located. The FED inputs are 8 fibre ribbons, each ribbon consisting of 12 fibres, each fibre carrying the serially multiplexed data originating from 2 APVs. To test the FEDs special tester boards have been designed to produce simulated APV data in optical form. In the picture the yellow cables are the fibres, which originate from the FED tester boards on the left hand side of the crate as 96 individual fibres, which are then combined into the 8 fibre ribbons feeding the FED board on the right hand side of the crate. Fig. 2 shows an APV25 test board mounted in the X-ray irradiation setup, Fig. 3 the X-ray machine where the chips are irradiated and Fig. 4 the MGPA (Multi-Gain Pre...

  19. Translation, cross-cultural adaptation and applicability of the Brazilian version of the Frontotemporal Dementia Rating Scale (FTD-FRS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thais Bento Lima-Silva

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: Staging scales for dementia have been devised for grading Alzheimer's disease (AD but do not include the specific symptoms of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD. Objective: To translate and adapt the Frontotemporal Dementia Rating Scale (FTD-FRS to Brazilian Portuguese. Methods: The cross-cultural adaptation process consisted of the following steps: translation, back-translation (prepared by independent translators, discussion with specialists, and development of a final version after minor adjustments. A pilot application was carried out with 12 patients diagnosed with bvFTD and 11 with AD, matched for disease severity (CDR=1.0. The evaluation protocol included: Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE, Executive Interview (EXIT-25, Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI, Frontotemporal Dementia Rating Scale (FTD-FRS and Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR. Results: The Brazilian version of the FTD-FRS seemed appropriate for use in this country. Preliminary results revealed greater levels of disability in bvFTD than in AD patients (bvFTD: 25% mild, 50% moderate and 25% severe; AD: 36.36% mild, 63.64% moderate. It appears that the CDR underrates disease severity in bvFTD since a relevant proportion of patients rated as having mild dementia (CDR=1.0 in fact had moderate or severe levels of disability according to the FTD-FRS. Conclusion: The Brazilian version of the FTD-FRS seems suitable to aid staging and determining disease progression.

  20. A review of the scientific and literary accomplishments of Professor R.G. Macfarlane CBE, FRS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hougie, Cecil

    2006-06-01

    This article gives an account of some of the pioneer work of Professor R.G. Macfarlane CBE, FRS in haemostasis and fibrinolysis. His Cascade hypothesis, which together with the Waterfall, became the most cited of all papers on blood coagulation in the latter part of the 20th century, is described, together with its rebuttal and defence. Macfarlane had the gift of writing in elegant prose and his papers on the philosophy of science and his biographies of Lord Florey and Fleming are reviewed. The biography of Sir Alexander Fleming is a great work that deserves to be on the shelves of every library.

  1. West Nile virus in the endangered Spanish imperial eagle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Höfle, Ursula; Blanco, Juan M; Crespo, Elena; Naranjo, Victoria; Jiménez-Clavero, Miguel Angel; Sanchez, Azucena; de la Fuente, José; Gortazar, Christian

    2008-05-25

    The Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti) is considered to be the most endangered European eagle. The species is an endemic resident in the Southwestern Iberian Peninsula. We used RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and seroneutralization to test samples from 13 wild and 18 captive eagles. WNV was detected by RT-PCR in tissues and/or oropharyngeal swabs of eight of 10 (80%) imperial eagles analyzed, and both in apparently clinically healthy birds, and in animals that died due to secondary infections but had symptoms/lesions compatible with WNV. Immunohistochemistry detected WNV antigen in Purkinje cells in the cerebellum, epithelial cells of the gizzard and duodenum, perivascular inflammatory cells, and in Kupffer-cells and hepatocytes. Serum antibodies against WNV were detected in a total of five out of 21 imperial eagles (23.8%), including free-living nestlings (two out of nine samples, 22.2%) and captive adult eagles (three out of 12 samples, 25%). Our results evidence WNV circulation among free-living and captive Spanish imperial eagles in South-central Spain, a dry inland region with no previous WNV evidence, throughout 6 consecutive years. They also indicate the need for further research into this important zoonosis in order to better understand its epidemiology in the Mediterranean ecosystem and in order to understand the role of WNV in the population dynamics of the critically endangered Spanish imperial eagle.

  2. DETERMINANTS OF EARLY ADOPTION OF FRS 114 (SEGMENT REPORTING IN MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wan Nordin Wan Hussin

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to find out whether there are systematic differences between early adopters and a matched control group of non early adopters of FRS 114 (Segment Reporting based on the following company characteristics: (1 firm size, (2 board characteristics, (3 leverage, (4 audit firm size, and (5 firm growth rate. Using a sample of 32 early adopters and without differentiating whether they disclose the required segment information in full or partially and a control group of 32 non early adopters, our findings indicate company with higher proportion of non executive directors, particularly non independent non executives, is more likely to adopt FRS 114 before the effective date. When early adopters are further classified into full or partial adopters, the result shows that full early adopters are significantly larger (in terms of total assets than non early adopters. However, when comparing between partial early adopters and non early adopters, the evidence suggests that partial early adopters are significantly smaller in size than non early adopters. We find no evidence to indicate that there are significant differences between full early adopters, partial early adopters and non early adopters in terms of board size, board leadership, independent directors, audit firm size, leverage and firm growth rate.

  3. INTERNATIONAL SECURITY RELATIONS AND POST-IMPERIAL ORDERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu-Sebastian UNGUREANU

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper intends to investigate the relations between former imperial powers and new sovereign states succeeding an empire in the field of international security, particularly when involving the use of force. Despite their stated attachment to the normative principles of what we usually call “Westphalian order”, former imperial powers continue to interfere in the domestic affairs of these new states, especially those unable to exercise their sovereignty efficiently and legitimately. One could say that, by military interventions, these powers deny the sovereignty of weak states in the regions once under their control; but the preparation of these missions makes the actions not to be interpreted as expressions of an imperialist attitude. I consider there are two major ideal-types that could better explain such interventions. In a power-oriented post-imperial order, the intervention of a former empire is the result of the projection of its national interests and identities. In a norm-oriented post-imperial order, the sense of moral responsibility of the former imperial power is the main reason for its interference. The intervention’s legitimacy and suitability require domestic and international support. This paper, grounded on a constructivist approach, intends to contribute to the understanding of international security issues in terms of a world shaped by actors’ interests and identities and the dynamics of their relations. The identified ideal-types of post-imperial orders consider both material and cultural factors. The analytical elements that may link extremely different situations are the socially variable interpretations of past and present.

  4. A Critique of the 'American Accent' and Linguistic Imperialism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康建刚

    2007-01-01

    Linguistic imperialism has been widespread throughout the world, especially when English has become the dominant has brought about the abundance of a lot of training programmes and websites such as www.americanaccent.com.This essay analyses this website from the perspectives of micro- and macro-indexicalities and presents a critique of the linguistic imperialism.Moreover, the article gives suggestions as to how to take advantage of the language resources for our best benefit and at the same time how to resist the linguistic hegemony in our teaching and learning of the English language.

  5. Rethinking imperialist theory and US imperialism in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Petras

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo criticamos la teorización contemporánea sobre el imperialismo por su reducción al ámbito económico y su carencia de un análisis de clase e institucional específico dentro del estado imperialista. En el contexto de este argumento, establecemos la importancia del análisis de clase para aprovechar las dinámicas de cambio del poder imperialista procediendo a argumentar la alineación de las fuerzas de clase en el mundo de la economía, en sus interacciones con la configuración del poder imperialista, dejando la realineación del poder económico en el sistema mundial capitalista que constituye el mayor cambio para el imperialismo estadounidense en sus operaciones en América Latina. En la sección final del artículo explicamos las discontinuidades y continuidades en las relaciones imperialistas estadounidenses con Latinoamérica, y las potencialidades y contrastes de estas relaciones en el crecimiento económico y el desarrollo.Palabras clave: teoría imperialista, imperialismo estadounidense, Latinoamérica_____________________Abstract:In this paper we criticize contemporary theorizing about imperialism for its economic reductionism and a lack of class analysis and institutional specificity regarding the imperial state. In the context of this argument we establish the importance of class analysis for grasping the changing dynamics of imperial power before proceeding to argue how specific alignments of class forces in the world economy, in their interactions with existing imperial power configurations, is leading to a realignment of economic power in the world capitalist system that constitutes a major challenge for US imperialism in its Latin American operations. In the final section of the paper we point to the discontinuities and continuities in US imperial relations with Latin America, and the potentialities and constraints of these relations on economic growth and development.Keywords: Imperialism Theory, US

  6. 78 FR 894 - Interim Final Determination To Stay Sanctions, Imperial County Air Pollution Control District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-07

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Interim Final Determination To Stay Sanctions, Imperial County Air Pollution... of revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD) portion of the California... such as unpaved roads and disturbed soils in open and agricultural areas in Imperial County....

  7. Reflections and contributions from the Council of Rectors of Private Universities (Consejo De Rectores De Universidades Privadas – CRUP for the revision of standards and professional activities subject to the degrees incorporated to the regime from Art 4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    . Documento de Trabajo CRUP

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Considering the consensus on the need to revise the interpretation that the Council of Universities has made on Article 43 of the Higher Education Law, the experience gained over the years of its application and having introduced in the agenda of the committees of such Council the specific topic to start the treatment within the Academic Affairs Committee, we shall contribute to the debate with some reflections made within the Council of Rectors of Private Universities. The method will be predominantly exegetical, trying to unravel the true meaning of the law and its correlation with the concrete experience, which seems to have been taken away from there and therefore generates the need for its revision. The distance between the meaning and scope of the standard and the criteria and practices adopted for its implementation, is manifested in the following situations: • Increased number of careers seeking the inclusion in the regime of article 43. • Expansion of activities restricted exclusively to professional degrees. • Consultation mechanisms that demonstrate conflicts of interest. • Invasion of activities reserved for exclusivity. • Conflicts between professions incorporated into article 43. • Secondary motivations for the incorporation to the regime of article 43. • Overestimation of professions for their incorporation into the regime of art. 43. 

  8. 16 October 2012 - Norwegian University of Science and Technology Rector Digernes in the ATLAS visitor centre with Senior Norwegian S. Stapnes and J. Vigen; signing the guest book with Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jacques Fichet

    2012-01-01

    16 October 2012 - Norwegian University of Science and Technology Rector Digernes in the ATLAS visitor centre with Senior Norwegian S. Stapnes and J. Vigen; signing the guest book with Director for Accelerators and Technology S. Myers.

  9. 29 May 2013 - Rector Politecnico di Torino M. Gilli in the ATLAS experimental cavern with L. Pontecorvo (ATLAS Collaboration) and in the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Engineering Department Head R. Saban.

    CERN Multimedia

    VMO

    2013-01-01

    29 May 2013 - Rector Politecnico di Torino M. Gilli in the ATLAS experimental cavern with L. Pontecorvo (ATLAS Collaboration) and in the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Engineering Department Head R. Saban.

  10. Prof. Dr. Rer. Nat. Burkhard Rauhut - Rector of RWTH Aachen University - Germany sign the golden book of the CERN. Greeting from Mr Sigurd Lettow, CERN Chief Financial Officer and Prof. Carlo Rubbia (ex CERN Director-General).

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    Prof. Dr. Rer. Nat. Burkhard Rauhut - Rector of RWTH Aachen University - Germany sign the golden book of the CERN. Greeting from Mr Sigurd Lettow, CERN Chief Financial Officer and Prof. Carlo Rubbia (ex CERN Director-General).

  11. 7 February 2012 - Signature of the Memorandum of Understanding between Suranaree University of Technology represented by Rector P. Suebka and the ALICE Collaboration represented by Collaboration Spokesperson P. Giubellino; Adviser E. Tsesmelis is present.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    7 February 2012 - Signature of the Memorandum of Understanding between Suranaree University of Technology represented by Rector P. Suebka and the ALICE Collaboration represented by Collaboration Spokesperson P. Giubellino; Adviser E. Tsesmelis is present.

  12. Signature in the microcosm with Professor Bas S.C.J.J. Kortmann, Rector Magnificus Dr Anton A.J.M. Franken, Vice President Radboud University Nijmegen Kingdom of the Netherlands and Dr. Jos Engelen, Chief Scientific Officer of CERN.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    Signature in the microcosm with Professor Bas S.C.J.J. Kortmann, Rector Magnificus Dr Anton A.J.M. Franken, Vice President Radboud University Nijmegen Kingdom of the Netherlands and Dr. Jos Engelen, Chief Scientific Officer of CERN.

  13. Decreto Rectoral No. 1037 : Por el cual se establece la política de creación, funcionamiento y utilización del repositorio institucional

    OpenAIRE

    Knudsen Quevedo, Hans Peter; Universidad del Rosario

    2008-01-01

    Decreto rectoral No. 1037 (28 de octubre de 2008) Este decreto considera que un repositorio institucional (RI) es el conjunto de servicios ofrecidos por una organización con el objeto de gestionar, difundir, y facilitar el acceso a cualquier persona con conexión a Internet, a aquellos documentos electrónicos creados por dicha institución y por aquellas personas que forman parte de ella. Que un repositorio contiene mecanismos para importar, identificar, almacenar, preservar, ...

  14. 10th March 2009 - signature of the guest book by Universiteit Antwerpen Rector A. Verschoren (HI-0903047-01)and by Vrije Universiteit Brussel Rector P. De Knop (HI-0903047-02), with Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci; visit CMS experimental area and LHC tunnel at Point 5 with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson G. Tonelli and CMS User W. Van Doninck.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2009-01-01

    Delegation members: L. Wijns, Vrije Universiteit Brussel Vice-Rector Research JP. Timmermans, Universiteit Antwerpen President Research J. Paredaens, Universiteit Antwerpen Dean of the Faculty of Science CMS Collaboration participants from Vrije Universiteit Brussel: J.D’Hondt, S. Tavernier, W.Van Doninck CMS Collaboration participants from Universiteit Antwerpen: E. De Wolf, P. Pierre Van Mechelen, A. De Roeck, W. Beaumont

  15. US Imperialism, Transmodernism and Education: A Marxist Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Mike

    2004-01-01

    The author begins by discussing David Geoffrey Smith's analysis of the enantiomorphism inherent in the rhetoric of New American Imperialism. He goes on to examine critically Smith's defence of Enrique Dussel's advocacy of transmodernism as a way of understanding this enantiomorphism and of moving beyond what are seen as the constraints of both…

  16. Strategic environmental management of air in Mexicali-Imperial border.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Ramos García

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the importance of an approach on local environmental management regarding the quality of air in the Mexicali and Imperial Valley region. The paper discusses that the absence of a strategic approach in the environmental local policy will enhance the air pollution in the region

  17. Ironic imperialism : how Russian patriots are reclaiming postmodernism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordenbos, Boris

    2011-01-01

    This essay analyzes the recent appearance in Russian letters of ultra-nationalist fantasies about the restoration of Russia's imperial or totalitarian status. This new trend has its roots not only in the increasingly patriotic tone of Russian society and politics, but also in the dynamics of the lit

  18. (Re)experiencing Hegemony: The Linguistic Imperialism of Robert Phillipson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berns, Margie; Barrett, Jeanelle; Chan, Chak; Chikuma, Yoshiki; Friedrich, Patricia; Hadjidimos, Olga-Maria; Harney, Jill; Hislope, Kristi; Johnson, David; Kimball, Suzanne; Low, Yvonne; McHenry, Tracey; Palaiologos, Vivienne; Petray, Marnie; Shapiro, Rebecca; Shook, Anna Ramirez

    1998-01-01

    Reading Phillipson's "Linguistic Imperialism" in a World Englishes graduate seminar at Purdue University prompted intense discussion not only on the issues the author raised, but also on the rhetorical style and strategies that he chose to present a story of oppression. This article documents the reactions of the students.(Author/VWL)

  19. Language Choice and Cultural Imperialism: A Nigerian Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bisong, Joseph

    1995-01-01

    Argues against the thesis put forth in Phillipson's "Linguistic Imperialism," that the relationship between core English-speaking countries and periphery-English countries is one of dominant and dominated languages, as it applies to Nigeria. It is maintained that the sociolinguistic and sociocultural realities of the country have not been properly…

  20. Bologna Goes Global: A New Imperialism in the Making?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, Eva

    2008-01-01

    This paper argues that imperialism continues to exist today. It focuses on the ideational dimension of such power constellation and highlights the role of "educational diplomacy". Specifically, it examines norm-settings within international educational politics as a way of identifying shifts within what might be called benevolent…

  1. The Civilisers, British Engineers, Imperialism and Africa 1880-1914

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Casper

    2009-01-01

    as an interconnected dynamic unity in which engineers were situated; the geographical and ideological context in which their activities took place. The thesis can be read as a contribution to recent re-conceptualisations of the British Empire as a zone bind together by ‘colonial connections' and ‘imperial networks...

  2. Imperial Contradictions: Is the Valley a Watershed, Region, or Cyborg?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudy, Alan P.

    2005-01-01

    Is California's Imperial Valley a watershed? If so, at what level and by what topographic logic? Is it a region? If so, at what level and by what geographic logic? Are its boundaries natural, political, or multivalent on different scales? In short, this essay looks at the special (re)production of environmental conditions within a cyborg world.…

  3. 帝国主义—从帝国主义到文化帝国主义%Cultural Imperialism—From Imperialism to Cultural Imperialism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高秀石

    2012-01-01

    Imperialism has gone through three phases: geographical imperialism, economical imperialism and cultural imperialism. These three forms are connected with each other. The society has entered a new era of globalization, modernization and information, followed by the transition from imperialism to cultural imperialism. Imperialism is different from cultural imperialism in four aspects. China’s attitude towards cultural imperialism is to protect own heritage openly and tolerantly.%帝国主义经历了三个阶段: 地域性帝国主义、帝国主义和文化帝国主义。这三种形式彼此联系。现代社会进入了一个新时代,全球化、现代化和信息化。伴随着帝国主义过渡到文化帝国主义。文化帝国主义在四个方面不同于帝国主义。中国对待文化帝国主义的立场应该是用开放和宽容的态度接纳并保护独有的文化遗产。

  4. CIDADES NEGRAS – PETRÓPOLIS IMPERIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Aquino

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Cidade negra e população negra são o enfoque deste artigo sobre a cidade de Petrópolis na Região Serrana do estado do Rio de Janeiro, visando estabelecer novos parâmetros para discussão do espaço geográfico da região da cidade de Petrópolis por meio de outras explicações sobre o povoamento e desenvolvimento desta localidade. Cidade que a história oficial consagrou como cidade imperial e de colonização alemã, negando de forma ideológica as atividades econômicas da cidade e da região e tornando invisível a existência de população de maioria afrodescendente. Apresentamos neste artigo uma discussão sobre a ideologia da colonização alemã como solução para o Brasil, o que explica a imigração alemã para a localidade e também permite compreender a formação da ideologia sobre as origens populacionais e econômicas deste lugar. Argumentamos contra tal ideologia, reafirmando e investigando a existência de colonizadores africanos a partir das diversas fontes que podem levar ao encontro das inscrições afro, materiais e imateriais, na história e na cultura da região. Partimos da ideia da constituição de um território no período colonial que se deu devido ao fluxo de populações dos arredores, não somente devido à Estrada do Ouro. A base do povoamento da região veio das fazendas que exploravam o trabalho escravizado. Do território ocupado por africanos e afrodescendentes, nasceu a cidade que, posteriormente, instalou alguns grupos de alemães e, nesta fusão populacional, constituiu-se a forte presença de populações negra e mesmo branca, de outra origem que não a alemã. Local que devido à existência da Estrada do Ouro, ligando cidades mineiras ao porto do Rio de Janeiro, recebeu as inscrições de povoamento de africanos e afrodescendente pelos dois séculos antes da fundação oficial da cidade. O artigo se concentra nos documentos que demonstram a existência de população negra na localidade.

  5. [Physical anthropology studies at Keijo Imperial University Medical School].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ock-Joo

    2008-12-01

    Medical research during the Japanese Colonial Period became systematic and active after the Keijo Imperial University Medical School was established in 1926. Various kinds of research were conducted there including pharmacological, physiological, pathological and parasitological research. The Keijo Imperial University was give a mission to study about Korea. Urgent topics for medical research included control of infectious diseases, hygiene and environmental health that might have affected colonizing bodies of the Japanese as well as the colonized. The bodies of Koreans had been studied by Japanese even before the establishment of the University. The Keijo Imperial University research team, however, organized several field studies for physical anthropology and blood typing research at the national scale to get representative sampling of the people from its north to its south of the Korean peninsula. In the filed, they relied upon the local police and administrative power to gather reluctant women and men to measure them in a great detail. The physical anthropology and blood typing research by the Japanese researchers was related to their eagerness to place Korean people in the geography of the races in the world. Using racial index R.I.(= (A%+AB%)/(B%+AB%)), the Japanese researchers put Koreans as a race between the Mongolian and the Japanese. The preoccupation with constitution and race also pervasively affected the medical practice: race (Japanese, Korean, or Japanese living in Korea) must be written in every kind of medical chart as a default. After the breakout of Chinese-Japanese War in 1937, the Keijo Imperial University researchers extended its physical anthropology field study to Manchuria and China to get data on physics of the people in 1940. The Japanese government and research foundations financially well supported the Keijo Imperial University researchers and the field studies for physical anthropology in Korea, Manchuria and China. The physical

  6. New insight into the levels, distribution and health risk diagnosis of indoor and outdoor dust-bound FRs in colder, rural and industrial zones of Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Muhammad Usman; Li, Jun; Zhang, Gan; Malik, Riffat Naseem

    2016-09-01

    This is the first robust study designed to probe selected flame retardants (FRs) in the indoor and outdoor dust of industrial, rural and background zones of Pakistan with special emphasis upon their occurrence, distribution and associated health risk. For this purpose, we analyzed FRs such as polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs), dechlorane plus (DP), novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) and organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) in the total of 82 dust samples (indoor and outdoor) collected three from each zone: industrial, rural and background. We found higher concentrations of FRs (PBDEs, DP, NBFRs and OPFRs) in industrial zones as compared to the rural and background zones. Our results reveal that the concentrations of studied FRs are relatively higher in the indoor dust samples being compared with the outdoor dust and they are ranked as: ∑OPFRs > ∑NBFRs > ∑PBDEs > ∑DP. A significant correlation in the FRs levels between the indoor and outdoor dust suggest the potential intermixing of these compounds between them. The principal component analysis/multiple linear regression predicts the percent contribution of FRs from different consumer products in the indoor and outdoor dust of industrial, rural and background zones to trace their source origin. The FRs detected in the background zones reveal the dust-bound FRs suspended in the air might be shifted from different warmer zones or consumers products available/used in the same zones. Hazard quotient (HQ) for FRs via indoor and outdoor dust intake at mean and high dust scenarios to the exposed populations (adults and toddlers) are found free of risk (HQ Pakistan.

  7. Online mass measurements with a Multiple-Reflection Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer (MR-TOF-MS) at the FRS Ion Catcher

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ebert, Jens; Greiner, Florian; Jesch, Christian; Lang, Johannes; Petrick, Martin; Reiter, Moritz P.; Rink, Ann-Kathrin; Diwisch, Marcel [JLU Giessen (Germany); Dickel, Timo; Plass, Wolfgang R.; Geissel, Hans; Haettner, Emma; Knoebel, Ronja; Scheidenberger, Christoph [JLU Giessen (Germany); GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Ayet, Samuel; Estrade, Alfredo; Farinon, Fabio; Kurcewicz, Jan; Mukha, Ivan; Nociforo, Chiara; Pfutzner, Marek; Pietri, Stephane; Prochazka, Andrej; Purushothaman, Sivaji; Takechi, Maya; Weick, Helmut; Winfield, John [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Dendooven, Peter; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, Nasser [KVI, University of Groningen (Netherlands); Moore, Iain [University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Yavor, Mikhail I. [Russian Academy of Sci., St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

    2013-07-01

    At the Low-Energy-Branch (LEB) of the Super-FRS at FAIR experiments with-slowed down exotic nuclei will be performed. The FRS Ion Catcher experiment at the FRS serves a test facility for the LEB. The relativistic ions are thermalized in a novel cryogenic stopping cell, extracted and transported to a MR-TOF-MS for high precision mass measurements or decay-spectroscopy. In summer 2012 direct mass measurements of U projectile fragments have been performed for the first time with a MR-TOF-MS, among then {sup 213}Rn with a half-life of only 19.5 ns.

  8. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Facility Registry Service (FRS) Emergency Response (ER) Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Facilities - Oil and Hazardous Materials

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The purpose of this web feature service is to provide users with access to integrated facility information from FRS, limited to the subset of facilities that link to...

  9. Siberia on Russian mental maps: The imperial and national space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subotić Milan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the theoretical problem of understanding the nation-building process within continental empires, this paper investigates the various meanings of ‘Siberia’ in the Russian imperial and national imagination. Analyzing discursive practices that create various representations of the geographical space, this study shows the changes in Russian perceptions of Siberia from the ‘alien’ space and the ‘colony’, to an unalienable part of the national territory (‘Russian land’ or ‘homeland’. Tracing the creation of ‘Russianness’ of Siberia, the author interprets this concept as a part of broader debates about ‘Russian identity’ and the relationship between ‘European’ and ‘Asiatic’ Russia. Therefore, the principal aim of the present study is to examine one of the most important aspects of the process Russia’s transformation from imperial to a ‘nationalizing State’.

  10. Obreras y empresarias en el Periodo Romano Alto Imperial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Fernández Uriel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Análisis de la situación laboral y las diferentes medios y trabajos de las mujeres en el contexto de la Roma alto Imperial, frente a la situación mentalidad tradicional femenina a través de la documentación que proporcionan las fuentes históricas. Se contempla su relación con la sociedad, su ámbito doméstico e incluso la posible repercusión que pudiera existir en la cultura y mentalidad de este momento histórico.Analysis of the labor situation and the different ways and works of women in the context of high Imperial Rome, facing the situation traditionally minded women through the documentation provided by historical sources. It sees its relationship with society, its domestic and even the possible impact that might exist in the culture and mentality of this historical moment.

  11. Imperial vertigo and the themed experience: Yuanmingyuan and Disneyland compared

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Ringmar

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This article compares the morphological structures of two parks: Disneyland and Yuanmingyuan, the “summer palace” of the emperor of China. Despite obvious differences, the two parks were intended for the entertainment of the sovereigns of their respective countries — the emperor of China and “the people” in the case of the United States. Both parks were also designed to bring ontological reassurance to the sovereigns of two empires that only recently had attained their hegemonic, imperial, status. The parks provided a vision of a universe organized according to each sovereign’s specifications. The need for reassurance is reflected in the morphology of the two parks: the use of techniques of dislocation and idealization; the model-making and the use of thematized environments. A study of the morphology of the parks is for that reason a study of imperial ideology.

  12. Space Agriculture, Tourism and Health - Lessons from British Imperial History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivier, D. J.

    Advocates of space commercialisation and colonisation have drawn on previous centuries' experience of the exploration and exploitation of terrestrial New Worlds. Although so far chiefly confined to the colonisation of the Americas and exploration of the Antarctic, a proper examination of the problems and solutions faced and found by the late 19th - early 20th century Jamaican tourist trade, mid-Victorian planter agriculturalists in Sri Lanka and the impact of climatic theories of health on early 20th century White colonists in Kenya and Rhodesia, can, if properly applied to today's conditions affecting modern space businesses, offer important insights to the psychological impact and aetiology of disease amongst future space colonists, and the success- ful establishment and management of tourism and agriculture in space. By following the precedents set by the imperial pioneers, it should be possible to apply their founding principles in these sectors successfully, while avoiding the pitfalls and excesses of terrestrial imperialism.

  13. Imperial Senate: American Legislative Debates on Empire, 1898-1917

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    with the opposition to imperialism, and links the legislative agitation of 1898–1900 to subsequent resistance to the Treaty of Versailles .45 Welch...century attempts, starting with the rejection of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The related debates reflected not only a change in the role of this...culminating in his successful opposition to President Wilson over the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.111 While the diehard administration partisans were

  14. Population analysis relative to geothermal energy development, Imperial County, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pick, J.B.; Jung, T.H.; Butler, E.

    1977-01-01

    The historical and current population characteristics of Imperial County, California, are examined. These include vital rates, urbanization, town sizes, labor force composition, income, utility usage, and ethnic composition. Inferences are drawn on some of the important social and economic processes. Multivariate statistical analysis is used to study present relationships between variables. Population projections for the County were performed under historical, standard, and geothermal projection assumptions. The transferability of methods and results to other geothermal regions anticipating energy development is shown. (MHR)

  15. The FRS Ion Catcher - A facility for high-precision experiments with stopped projectile and fission fragments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plaß, W. R.; Dickel, T.; Purushothaman, S.; Dendooven, P.; Geissel, H.; Ebert, J.; Haettner, E.; Jesch, C.; Ranjan, M.; Reiter, M. P.; Weick, H.; Amjad, F.; Ayet, S.; Diwisch, M.; Estrade, A.; Farinon, F.; Greiner, F.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Knöbel, R.; Kurcewicz, J.; Lang, J.; Moore, I.; Mukha, I.; Nociforo, C.; Petrick, M.; Pfützner, M.; Pietri, S.; Prochazka, A.; Rink, A.-K.; Rinta-Antila, S.; Schäfer, D.; Scheidenberger, C.; Takechi, M.; Tanaka, Y. K.; Winfield, J. S.; Yavor, M. I.

    2013-12-01

    At the FRS Ion Catcher at GSI, projectile and fission fragments are produced at relativistic energies, separated in-flight, range-focused, slowed down and thermalized in a cryogenic stopping cell. A multiple-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometer (MR-TOF-MS) is used to perform direct mass measurements and to provide an isobarically clean beam for further experiments, such as mass-selected decay spectroscopy. A versatile RF quadrupole transport and diagnostics unit guides the ions from the stopping cell to the MR-TOF-MS, provides differential pumping, ion identification and includes reference ion sources. The FRS Ion Catcher serves as a test facility for the Low-Energy Branch of the Super-FRS at the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR), where the cryogenic stopping cell and the MR-TOF-MS will be key devices for the research with stopped projectile and fission fragments that will be performed with the experiments MATS and LaSpec. Off-line tests of the stopping cell yield a combined ion survival and extraction efficiency for 219Rn ions of about 30% and an extraction time of about 25 ms. The stopping cell and the MR-TOF-MS were commissioned on-line as part of the FRS Ion Catcher. For the first time, a stopping cell for exotic nuclei was operated on-line at cryogenic temperatures. Using a gas density almost two times higher than ever reached before for a stopping cell with RF ion repelling structures, various 238U projectile fragments were thermalized and extracted with very high efficiency. Direct mass measurements of projectile fragments were performed with the MR-TOF-MS, among them the nuclide 213Rn with a half-life of 19.5 ms only.

  16. Selfies of Imperial Cormorants (Phalacrocorax atriceps): What Is Happening Underwater?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Laich, Agustina; Yoda, Ken; Zavalaga, Carlos; Quintana, Flavio

    2015-01-01

    During the last few years, the development of animal-borne still cameras and video recorders has enabled researchers to observe what a wild animal sees in the field. In the present study, we deployed miniaturized video recorders to investigate the underwater foraging behavior of Imperial cormorants (Phalacrocorax atriceps). Video footage was obtained from 12 animals and 49 dives comprising a total of 8.1 h of foraging data. Video information revealed that Imperial cormorants are almost exclusively benthic feeders. While foraging along the seafloor, animals did not necessarily keep their body horizontal but inclined it downwards. The head of the instrumented animal was always visible in the videos and in the majority of the dives it was moved constantly forward and backward by extending and contracting the neck while travelling on the seafloor. Animals detected prey at very short distances, performed quick capture attempts and spent the majority of their time on the seafloor searching for prey. Cormorants foraged at three different sea bottom habitats and the way in which they searched for food differed between habitats. Dives were frequently performed under low luminosity levels suggesting that cormorants would locate prey with other sensory systems in addition to sight. Our video data support the idea that Imperial cormorants’ efficient hunting involves the use of specialized foraging techniques to compensate for their poor underwater vision. PMID:26367384

  17. Between universalism and regionalism: universal systematics from imperial Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jung

    2015-12-01

    Historiographic discussions of the universality and regionality of science have to date focused on European cases for making regional science universal. This paper presents a new perspective by moving beyond European origins and illuminating a non-European scientist's engagement with the universality and regionality of science. It will examine the case of the Japanese botanist Nakai Takenoshin (1882-1952), an internationally recognized authority on Korean flora based at Tokyo Imperial University. Serving on the International Committee on Botanical Nomenclature in 1926, Nakai endorsed and acted upon European claims of universal science, whilst simultaneously unsettling them with his regionally shaped systematics. Eventually he came to promote his own systematics, built regionally on Korean flora, as the new universal. By analysing his shifting claims in relation to those of other European and non-European botanists, this paper makes two arguments. First, universalism and regionalism were not contradictory foundations of scientific practice but useful tools used by this non-European botanist in maintaining his scientific authority as a representative Japanese systematist. Second, his claims to universality and regionalism were both imperially charged. An imperially monopolized study of Korean plants left a regional imprint on Nakai's systematics. In order to maintain his scientific authority beyond its region of origin he had to assert either the expanding regionalism of 'East Asia' or universalism.

  18. First direct mass measurements of stored neutron-rich 129,130,131Cd isotopes with FRS-ESR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knöbel, R.; Diwisch, M.; Bosch, F.; Boutin, D.; Chen, L.; Dimopoulou, C.; Dolinskii, A.; Franczak, B.; Franzke, B.; Geissel, H.; Hausmann, M.; Kozhuharov, C.; Kurcewicz, J.; Litvinov, S. A.; Martinez-Pinedo, G.; Matoš, M.; Mazzocco, M.; Münzenberg, G.; Nakajima, S.; Nociforo, C.; Nolden, F.; Ohtsubo, T.; Ozawa, A.; Patyk, Z.; Plaß, W. R.; Scheidenberger, C.; Stadlmann, J.; Steck, M.; Sun, B.; Suzuki, T.; Walker, P. M.; Weick, H.; Wu, M.-R.; Winkler, M.; Yamaguchi, T.

    2016-03-01

    A 410 MeV/u 238U projectile beam was used to create cadmium isotopes via abrasion-fission in a beryllium target placed at the entrance of the in-flight separator FRS at GSI. The fission fragments were separated by the FRS and injected into the isochronous storage ring ESR for mass measurements. Isochronous Mass Spectrometry (IMS) was performed under two different experimental conditions, with and without Bρ-tagging at the high-resolution central focal plane of the FRS. In the experiment with Bρ-tagging the magnetic rigidity of the injected fragments was determined with an accuracy of 2 ṡ10-4. A new method of data analysis, which uses a correlation matrix for the combined data set from both experiments, has provided experimental mass values of 25 rare isotopes for the first time. The high sensitivity and selectivity of the method have given access to nuclides detected with a rate of a few atoms per week. In this letter we present for the 129,130,131Cd isotopes mass values directly measured for the first time. The experimental mass values of cadmium as well as for tellurium and tin isotopes show a pronounced shell effect towards and at N = 82. Shell quenching cannot be deduced from a single new mass value, nor by a better agreement with a theoretical model which explicitly takes into account a quenching feature. This is in agreement with the conclusion from γ-ray spectroscopy and confirms modern shell-model calculations.

  19. Verification of passive cooling techniques in the Super-FRS beam collimators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douma, C. A.; Gellanki, J.; Najafi, M. A.; Moeini, H.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Rigollet, C.; Kuiken, O. J.; Lindemulder, M. F.; Smit, H. A. J.; Timersma, H. J.

    2016-08-01

    The Super FRagment Separator (Super-FRS) at the FAIR facility will be the largest in-flight separator of heavy ions in the world. One of the essential steps in the separation procedure is to stop the unwanted ions with beam collimators. In one of the most common situations, the heavy ions are produced by a fission reaction of a primary 238U-beam (1.5 GeV/u) hitting a 12C target (2.5 g/cm2). In this situation, some of the produced ions are highly charged states of 238U. These ions can reach the collimators with energies of up to 1.3 GeV/u and a power of up to 500 W. Under these conditions, a cooling system is required to prevent damage to the collimators and to the corresponding electronics. Due to the highly radioactive environment, both the collimators and the cooling system must be suitable for robot handling. Therefore, an active cooling system is undesirable because of the increased possibility of malfunctioning and other complications. By using thermal simulations (performed with NX9 of Siemens PLM), the possibility of passive cooling is explored. The validity of these simulations is tested by independent comparison with other simulation programs and by experimental verification. The experimental verification is still under analysis, but preliminary results indicate that the explored passive cooling option provides sufficient temperature reduction.

  20. High-power production targets for the Super-FRS using a fast extraction scheme

    CERN Document Server

    Tahir, N A; Kojouharova, J; Roussel-Chomaz, P; Chishkine, V; Geissel, H; Hoffmann, Dieter H H; Kindler, B; Landre-Pellemoine, F; Lommel, B; Mittig, W; Münzenberg, G; Shutov, A; Weick, H; Yavor, M

    2003-01-01

    The high-power production target of the Super-FRS [H. Geissel et al., these Proceedings] will be irradiated by very intense heavy-ion beams which will be delivered from the future SIS100/200 [An International Accelerator Facility for Beams of Ions and Antiprotons, GSI-Report, 2001] synchrotron facility at the Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI) Darmstadt. This paper presents calculations of the thermodynamic and the hydrodynamic response of such a target, considering that a uranium ion beam with an energy of 1 GeV/u and an intensity of 10 sup 1 sup 2 particles will impinge within 50 ns on a solid carbon target with a thickness of 4 g/cm sup 2. Due to the high beam intensity the target may be strongly heated and could be destroyed in a single shot. The purpose of this work is to investigate with the help of two-dimensional numerical simulations how one can minimize target heating and avoid target destruction.

  1. Informal Imperialism and the 1879 Hesperia Incident : Containing Cholera and Challenging Extraterritoriality in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    FUESS, Harald

    2014-01-01

    Informal empire is a classical term of diplomatic history to designate the British role in East Asia after the Opium Wars. This paper looks at informal imperialism more broadly to question the interaction of foreign powers and their citizens with and within Japan. It argues for a contested complexity of the extraterritorial arrangements such that Japanese independence was not only advocated against foreign imperialism but partly with the support of imperial powers and their nationals, accordi...

  2. Science Applied for the Investigation of Imperial Gate from Eighteenth Century Wooden Church of Nicula Monastery

    OpenAIRE

    I. Bratu; Monk Siluan; C. Măruţoiu; Kacso, I.; S. Garabagiu; V. C. Măruţoiu; C. Tănăselia; Popescu, D.; D. L. Postolache; Pop, D

    2017-01-01

    Part of an indestructible component of any orthodox church, the Imperial Gates represent an important symbol in our cultural heritage. But in many cases the Imperial Gates from the wooden churches were damaged. In order to preserve and restore them, the scientific investigations of the Imperial Gate belonging to Nicula Monastery wooden church were performed by employing nondestructive and destructive methods. The wood essence was established, with its “health” status being investigated by FTI...

  3. Caracterización sociodemográfica de estudiantes que rinden la PSU, postulan y se matriculan en Universidades del Consejo de Rectores

    OpenAIRE

    Andrés Antivilo; Juan Barrios; Pablo Valdivieso

    2006-01-01

    El presente estudio es un análisis de la base de datos del Departamento de Evaluación, Medición y Registro Educacional (DEMRE) de la Universidad de Chile, correspondiente al proceso de postulación –año 2005– a las universidades del Consejo de Rectores de las Universidades Chilenas (CRUCH). Su finalidad es describir a los postulantes, según diversas características educacionales (rama del establecimiento educacional de egreso y su dependencia administrativa,puntaje obtenido en la Prueba de Sel...

  4. HACIA UNA INTEGRACIÓN SUPRANACIONAL DE LOS PRINCIPIOS RECTORES SOBRE EL GENOMA HUMANO: UNA VISIÓN PERSONAL DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA LATINOAMERICANA

    OpenAIRE

    Figueroa Yáñez,Gonzalo

    2000-01-01

    El objetivo del autor es preguntarse cómo se han integrado a nivel supranacional (especialmente en Latinoamérica) los "principios rectores" que se refieren al genoma humano, entendiendo por tales los valores éticos y las normas jurídicas que en ellos se fundamentan. Especial importancia adquieren aquí los principios contenidos en la Declaración Universal de la UNESCO sobre el Genoma Humano y los Derechos Humanos. Advirtiendo que las normas jurídicas pueden resultar ineficaces para solucionar ...

  5. Intelligent predictive model of ventilating capacity of imperial smelt furnace

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐朝晖; 胡燕瑜; 桂卫华; 吴敏

    2003-01-01

    In order to know the ventilating capacity of imperial smelt furnace (ISF), and increase the output of plumbum, an intelligent modeling method based on gray theory and artificial neural networks(ANN) is proposed, in which the weight values in the integrated model can be adjusted automatically. An intelligent predictive model of the ventilating capacity of the ISF is established and analyzed by the method. The simulation results and industrial applications demonstrate that the predictive model is close to the real plant, the relative predictive error is 0.72%, which is 50% less than the single model, leading to a notable increase of the output of plumbum.

  6. Linguistic Imperialism and Chinese Language and Culture Protection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾杰

    2014-01-01

    Influenced by the English imperialism theory proposed by Danish linguist Robert Philipson,the rapid development and popularity of English in the whole world have aroused debates among English hegemony.Some scholars in China are much concerned about the hegemony’s threat to Chinese language and culture and raised the concept of language and culture protection.Nevertheless,the author maintain that while caring about the adverse impact caused by English hegemony,the Chinese language and culture need to be protected,meanwhile,al-inclusive attitude shal be adopted towards English and western culture to enhance the communication and interaction between Chinese and English languages and cultures.

  7. The Perversion of Empire: Edmund Burke and the Nature of Imperial Responsibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bass, Jeff D.

    1995-01-01

    Proposes an alternative interpretation of imperial responsibility, founded upon Edmund Burke's rhetorical denunciation of the East India Company in 1783. Shows how Burke constructed a new understanding of imperial responsibility, in which the need to protect foreign peoples from unscrupulous Britons was stressed instead of any sense of racial…

  8. Breaking the Boundaries of Victorian Imperialism or Extending a Reformed 'Paternalism'? Mary Carpenter and India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Ruth

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the debate on gender and imperialism in India by examining the case of Mary Carpenter, a nineteenth century English educationist and social reformer, in order to provide more information on the debate. Addresses where Carpenter stood in the discourse on imperialism. (CMK)

  9. 78 FR 896 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-07

    ... is finalizing approval of revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD...)(2)). List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Environmental protection, Air pollution control... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County...

  10. The Garden and the Jungle: Burnett, Kipling and the Nature of Imperial Childhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Imperial British India is the point of origin for protagonists in both Frances Hodgson Burnett's "The Secret Garden" (1911) and Rudyard Kipling's "The Jungle Books" (1894-1895), two influential children's stories in which late Victorian notions of childhood education and nature converge with those of national and imperial identity. In Burnett's…

  11. A Study of Imperial Maids’ Life Through Tang’s Poetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuc Lin

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Article observed the life of Tang’s imperial maids through the poetry of Tang Dynasty. . Imperial maids were started from Sui Dynasty, especially Emperor Sui Yangdi’s period, and Tang’s imperial maids were many. Emperor with various kind of reasons, in most every year would choose some girls and took them into his palace and they worked as imperial maids. They were girls from ordinary people, respectable, and noble families. Those girls who once entered imperial palace, theyb would be very hard to come out. They had to obey the regulation in the palace. Through some poetry it could be portrayed the imperial maids’ lifetime in serving the emperor,imperial concubines and got rest after midnight. Except for working, they weren’t able to come out from palace, they couldn’t go home to visit their family, even got married, their lives were full of loneliness. If they were sick, or old, the emperor wouldn’t like them anymore, they would be sent away anytime. Even if they left imperial palace, and got their freedom, but most of them lived tragically. 

  12. The Contemporary Reality of Canadian Imperialism: Settler Colonialism and the Hybrid Colonial State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Adam J.

    2009-01-01

    The author's fundamental contention is this: Canadian society remains driven by the logic of imperialism and engages in concerted colonial action against Indigenous peoples whose claims to land and self-determination continue to undermine the legitimacy of Canadian authority and hegemony. The imperial ambitions of the Canadian state and its…

  13. 78 FR 922 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-07

    ... Pollution Control District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD... disturbed soils in open and agricultural areas in Imperial County. We are proposing to approve local...

  14. 77 FR 55224 - Notice of Availability of the Proposed Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area Management Plan and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-07

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Availability of the Proposed Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area... Impact Statement (EIS), for the Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area (ISDRA), and by this notice is... Register. ADDRESSES: Copies of the Proposed Imperial Sand Dunes RAMP and CDCA Plan Amendment/Final EIS...

  15. 78 FR 36568 - Notice of Availability of the Record of Decision for the Approved Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-18

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Availability of the Record of Decision for the Approved Imperial Sand... Management (BLM) announces the availability of the Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area Record of Decision... receive a reply during normal business hours. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Imperial Sand...

  16. 75 FR 45653 - Notice of Re-Opening of Comment Period for the Draft Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-03

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Re-Opening of Comment Period for the Draft Imperial Sand Dunes... of the comment period on the Draft Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area Management Plan (RAMP) and... So. 4th St., El Centro, California 92243. Copies of the Draft Imperial Sand Dunes RAMP/EIS...

  17. Analysis of VH gene diversity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): both nonsynonymous and synonymous nucleotide changes are more frequent in CDRs than in FRs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsunaga, T; Andersson, E

    1997-01-01

    Forty-six immunoglobulin VH gene sequences of rainbow trout were compiled to analyze the extent of variations and the frequency of nucleotide changes in CDRs and FRs. The results show that the frequency of nonsynonymous (amino acid replacing) changes (Ka) are on average 4.9 times higher in complementarity determining regions (CDRs) than in FRs, thus contributing more diversity in CDRs. Unexpectedly, however, the frequency of synonymous (silent) changes (Ks) show the same tendency: it was 5.3 times higher in CDRs than in framework regions (FRs). The distribution of Ks/Ka ratios of each comparison shows no segregation between CDRs and FRs. The same analysis applied to five germline VH genes of Heterodontus francisci shows the same result as was found with the rainbow trout. In contrast, the results from mouse data show that, while the CDR/FR ratio for Ka is much higher (7.4), the CDR/FR ratio for Ks is only slightly higher (1.8). The distribution of Ks/Ka ratios in mouse indicates clear segregation between CDRs and FRs. This suggests that CDR germline diversity is largely generated by gene conversion in VHs of lower vertebrates such as rainbow trout or shark. This mechanism might be advantageous to lower vertebrates in generating V gene diversity faster than other mechanisms such as point mutation and selection.

  18. Design, construction and cooling system performance of a prototype cryogenic stopping cell for the Super-FRS at FAIR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ranjan, M. [KVI-Center for Advanced Radiation Technology, University of Groningen - Zernikelaan 25, 9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands); Dendooven, P., E-mail: p.g.dendooven@rug.nl [KVI-Center for Advanced Radiation Technology, University of Groningen - Zernikelaan 25, 9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands); Purushothaman, S. [GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research - Planckstraße 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Dickel, T. [GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research - Planckstraße 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen - Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Gießen (Germany); Reiter, M.P. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen - Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Gießen (Germany); Ayet, S. [GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research - Planckstraße 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Haettner, E. [GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research - Planckstraße 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen - Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Gießen (Germany); Moore, I.D. [University of Jyväskylä - FI-40014, Jyväskylä (Finland); Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N. [KVI-Center for Advanced Radiation Technology, University of Groningen - Zernikelaan 25, 9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands); and others

    2015-01-11

    A cryogenic stopping cell for stopping energetic radioactive ions and extracting them as a low energy beam was developed. This first ever cryogenically operated stopping cell serves as prototype device for the Low-Energy Branch of the Super-FRS at FAIR. The cell has a stopping volume that is 1 m long and 25 cm in diameter. Ions are guided by a DC field along the length of the stopping cell and by a combined RF and DC fields provided by an RF carpet at the exit-hole side. The ultra-high purity of the stopping gas required for optimum ion survival is reached by cryogenic operation. The design considerations and construction of the cryogenic stopping cell, as well as some performance characteristics, are described in detail. Special attention is given to the cryogenic aspects in the design and construction of the stopping cell and the cryocooler-based cooling system. The cooling system allows the operation of the stopping cell at any desired temperature between about 70 K and room temperature. The cooling system performance in realistic on-line conditions at the FRS Ion Catcher Facility at GSI is discussed. A temperature of 110 K at which efficient ion survival was observed is obtained after 10 h of cooling. A minimum temperature of the stopping gas of 72 K was reached. The expertise gained from the design, construction and performance of the prototype cryogenic stopping cell has allowed the development of a final version for the Low-Energy Branch of the Super-FRS to proceed.

  19. On Cleaning: Student Activism in the Corporate and Imperial University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristi Carey

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available In the past year, over 100 university campuses in the United States and elsewhere have witnessed student protest, specifically against institutionalized racism and in response to symptoms of the university’s neoliberal, capitalist and imperial culture. This article outlines the emergence and confluence of the corporate and imperial university, producing and reproducing the violence of consumer culture, academic containment, and institutional control. This case study of a small, elite, liberal arts college in the United States will unravel the messiness of the contact zone where university administration and student protest meet, and its meanings for those of us who find ourselves ever-contained within spaces of higher education. Through critical discourse analysis and participant observation, I provide some preliminary mapping of how the university sanitizes—how it keeps itself ‘clean’—and the different ways this is interpreted, confirmed, and resisted by its campus community. Queer and feminist readings of pollution, dirt, and bacteria contextualize the university’s response to student activism, and daily operation, in the politics of containment and cleanliness.

  20. Contemporaneity of colonialism: Capitalist modernity, imperial racism and necropolitics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šefik Tatlić

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This text articulates global capitalism as an imperial formation, it deems that modernity is a particular project and/or discursive rhetoric, as well as it articulates necropolitics as the dominant form of politics in capitalism in the post 9/11 era. Hence, global capitalism is being treated here as the imperial formation and a relation of dominance which fundamentally resides on colonial epistemologies and governing logic. Modernity is, therefore, being articulated as a particular discursive rhetoric of the First World which universalizes modernity in order to conceal and/or repress other formats of organizing modernity and, in order to apply and normalize various premodern logics and ideologies, such as racism, as foundations on the basis of which social differentiation and capitalist hierarchies of exploitation are being organized. Finally, this text articulates the concept of necropolitics which is an obscene form of politics that has, in the post 9/11 era, been reduced to a form of management of death and to a machinistic form of governing that treats the world as if it is just a commodifiable category.

  1. Modeling Events in the Lower Imperial Valley Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, X.; Wei, S.; Zhan, Z.; Fielding, E. J.; Helmberger, D. V.

    2010-12-01

    The Imperial Valley below the US-Mexican border has few seismic stations but many significant earthquakes. Many of these events, such as the recent El Mayor-Cucapah event, have complex mechanisms involving a mixture of strike-slip and normal slip patterns with now over 30 aftershocks with magnitude over 4.5. Unfortunately, many earthquake records from the Southern Imperial Valley display a great deal of complexity, ie., strong Rayleigh wave multipathing and extended codas. In short, regional recordings in the US are too complex to easily separate source properties from complex propagation. Fortunately, the Dec 30 foreshock (Mw=5.9) has excellent recordings teleseismically and regionally, and moreover is observed with InSAR. We use this simple strike-slip event to calibrate paths. In particular, we are finding record segments involving Pnl (including depth phases) and some surface waves (mostly Love waves) that appear well behaved, ie., can be approximated by synthetics from 1D local models and events modeled with the Cut-and-Paste (CAP) routine. Simple events can then be identified along with path calibration. Modeling the more complicated paths can be started with known mechanisms. We will report on both the aftershocks and historic events.

  2. Imperialism and Financialism: A Story of a Nexus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shimshon Bichler

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Over the past century, the nexus of imperialism and financialism has become a major axis of Marxist theory and praxis. Many Marxists consider this nexus to be a cause of worldly ills, but the historical role they ascribe to it has changed dramatically over time. The key change concerns the nature and direction of surplus and liquidity flows. The first incarnation of the nexus, articulated at the turn of the twentieth century, explained the imperialist scramble for colonies to which finance capital could export its ‘excessive’ surplus. The next version posited a neo-imperial world of monopoly capitalism where the core’s surplus is absorbed domestically, sucked into a ‘black hole’ of military spending and financial intermediation. The third script postulated a World System where surplus is imported from the dependent periphery into the financial core. And the most recent edition explains the hollowing out of the U.S. core, a ‘red giant’ that has already burned much of its own productive fuel and is now trying to ‘financialize’ the rest of the world in order to use the system’s external liquidity. This paper outlines this chameleon-like transformation, assesses what is left of the nexus and asks whether it is worth keeping.

  3. Arabidopsis FRS4/CPD25 and FHY3/CPD45 work cooperatively to promote the expression of the chloroplast division gene ARC5 and chloroplast division.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yuefang; Liu, Han; An, Chuanjing; Shi, Yuhong; Liu, Xia; Yuan, Wanqiong; Zhang, Bing; Yang, Jin; Yu, Caixia; Gao, Hongbo

    2013-09-01

    ARC5 is a dynamin-related GTPase essential for the division of chloroplasts in plants. The arc5 mutant frequently exhibits enlarged, dumbbell-shaped chloroplasts, indicating a role for ARC5 in the constriction of the chloroplast division site. In a screen for chloroplast division mutants with a phenotype similar to arc5, two mutants, cpd25 and cpd45, were obtained. CPD45 was identified as being the same gene as FHY3, a key regulator of far-red light signaling recently shown to be involved in the regulation of ARC5. CPD25 was previously named FRS4 and is homologous to FHY3. We found that CPD25 is also required for the expression of ARC5, suggesting that its function is not redundant to that of FHY3. Moreover, cpd25 does not have the far-red light-sensing defect present in fhy3 and far1. Both FRS4/CPD25 and FHY3/CPD45 could bind to the FBS-like 'ACGCGC' motifs in the promoter region of ARC5, and the binding efficiency of FRS4/CPD25 was much higher than that of FHY3/CPD45. Unlike FHY3/CPD45, FRS4/CPD25 has no ARC5 activation activity. Our data suggest that FRS4/CPD25 and FHY3/CPD45 function as a heterodimer that cooperatively activates ARC5, that FRS4/CPD25 plays the major role in promoter binding, and that FHY3/CPD45 is largely responsible for the gene activation. This study not only provides insight into the mechanisms underlying the regulation of chloroplast division in higher plants, but also suggests a model that shows how members of a transcription factor family can evolve to have different DNA-binding and gene activation features.

  4. Estimate of the intensities of the radioactive nuclides produced at the super-FRS at the future GSI facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ricciardi, M.V.

    2004-11-01

    The principal goal of the new facility is the construction of a worldwide unique and technically innovative accelerator system that will provide an extensive range of particle beams. Proton and antiproton beams will be available and ion beams of all chemical elements up to uranium will be produced with world-record intensities. The main employ of the high-intensity ion beams is the production of energetic beams of short-lived (radioactive) nuclei, in the following referred to as exotic or Rare Isotope Beams (RIBs). RIBs are produced in nuclear reactions experienced by the primary beams of stable particles. We report on the study of the production of radioactive nuclides and of their propagation through the Super-FRS. The study was performed by means of a nuclear-reaction Monte-Carlo code, ABRABLA, opportunely implemented for the above-described purpose. This work offers an overview of the radioactivity production in the Super-FRS area; the latter is the required starting knowledge for the design of the shielding structure. (orig.)

  5. Study for cryogenic testing the Super-FRS magnets of FAIR in a new test facility at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Derking, J H; Benda, V; Pirotte, O

    2015-01-01

    The Super-FRS magnets of the international Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) being built at GSI in Germany will be tested at a new cryogenic test facility currently under construction at CERN. During nominal operation the magnets will be cooled with liquid helium to 4.5 K. Over a period of three years in total 57 magnets will be tested of three different types. A study is performed to determine the cryogenic requirements for testing the Super-FRS magnets. The required operational parameters for the cool down, magnet test and warm up phases are determined and the results are discussed in this paper. For pre-cooling the magnets to 90 K with a rate of 1 Kcenterdoth-1, a maximum cooling power of 5.6 kW is required. Cooling down the magnets further to 4.5 K and filling will be performed with LHe within 24 h. For warming up the magnets a maximum heater power of 14 kW is needed. It is concluded that the planned test facility currently under construction at CERN fulfills the cryogenic requirements for t...

  6. [Selection of medical talents under the influence of imperial examination system in the Tang Dynasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhen-Guo; Zang, Shou-Hu

    2005-10-01

    The Tang Dynasty was an important period in which China's ancient imperial examination system was formed and perfected. The medical examination at that time was influenced by imperial examination system, too. Medical talents were chosen according to a clear regulation of exam subjects imitating "Examination based on Imperial College law", "Ming Jing" and "Ming Fa" in the Tang Dynasty. The ways of choosing sheng tu, gong jü, zhi jü, dai zhao were also used for choosing medical talents, and the practical subjects of medical examination and qualified standard were also made, which can be used as a reference for TCM education, examination, selecting and checking of TCM talents today.

  7. Road infrastructure and mobility of consumption in the Mexicali-Imperial Valley border area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Mungaray-Moctezuma

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to analyze the mobility of consumption in the Mexicali-Imperial Valley border area. The study shows that the population in the Mexicali sections closer to border crossings generates the greatest amount of consumption dynamics with places located in Imperial Valley. Conversely, Imperial Valley sections that are more distant from the border concentrate a greater number of destination sites for these cross-border trips. It is concluded that a higher quality and more integrated road infrastructure allows the new consumption centers in Imperial Valley to be located farther away from the border and that the Mexicali population with visas can cross indiscriminately through any border crossing by taking longer journeys toward these centers.

  8. 77 FR 73391 - Approval of Air Quality Implementation Plans; California; Eastern Kern, Imperial County, Placer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ..., Air pollution control, Carbon monoxide, Greenhouse gases, Incorporation by reference... four permitting rules submitted for the Eastern Kern Air Pollution Control District (EKAPCD), Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD), Placer County Air Pollution Control District...

  9. 77 FR 73316 - Approval of Air Quality Implementation Plans; California; Eastern Kern, Imperial, Placer, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-10

    ... pollution control, Carbon monoxide, Greenhouse gases, Incorporation by reference, Intergovernmental... rules submitted for the Eastern Kern Air Pollution Control District (EKAPCD), Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD), Placer County Air Pollution Control District (PCAPCD), and...

  10. New results from isochronous mass measurements of neutron-rich uranium fission fragments with the FRS-ESR-facility at GSI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knöbel, R.; Diwisch, M.; Geissel, H.; Litvinov, Yu. A.; Patyk, Z.; Plaß, W. R.; Scheidenberger, C.; Sun, B.; Weick, H.; Bosch, F.; Boutin, D.; Chen, L.; Dimopoulou, C.; Dolinskii, A.; Franczak, B.; Franzke, B.; Hausmann, M.; Kozhuharov, C.; Kurcewicz, J.; Litvinov, S. A.; Matoš, M.; Mazzocco, M.; Münzenberg, G.; Nakajima, S.; Nociforo, C.; Nolden, F.; Ohtsubo, T.; Ozawa, A.; Stadlmann, J.; Steck, M.; Suzuki, T.; Walker, P. M.; Winkler, M.; Yamaguchi, T.

    2016-05-01

    Masses of uranium fission fragments have been measured with the FRagment Separator (FRS) combined with the Experimental Storage Ring (ESR) at GSI. A 410-415 MeV/u 238U projectile beam was fast extracted from the synchrotron SIS-18 with an average intensity of 109/spill. The projectiles were focused on a 1g/cm2 beryllium target at the entrance of the FRS to create neutron-rich isotopes via abrasion-fission. The fission fragments were spatially separated with the FRS and injected into the isochronous storage ring ESR for fast mass measurements without applying cooling. The Isochronous Mass Spectrometry (IMS) was performed under two different experimental conditions, with and without B ρ-tagging at the high-resolution dispersive central focal plane of the FRS. The evaluation has been done for the combined data sets from both experiments with a new method of data analysis. The use of a correlation matrix has provided experimental mass values for 23 different neutron-rich isotopes for the first time and 6 masses with improved values. The new masses were obtained for nuclides in the element range from Se to Ce. The applied analysis has given access even to rare isotopes detected with an intensity of a few atoms per week. The novel data analysis and systematic error determination are described and the results are compared with extrapolations of experimental values and theoretical models.

  11. New results from isochronous mass measurements of neutron-rich uranium fission fragments with the FRS-ESR-facility at GSI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knoebel, R.; Litvinov, Yu.A.; Weick, H.; Bosch, F.; Boutin, D.; Dimopoulou, C.; Dolinskii, A.; Franczak, B.; Franzke, B.; Kozhuharov, C.; Kurcewicz, J.; Litvinov, S.A.; Matos, M.; Mazzocco, M.; Muenzenberg, G.; Nociforo, C.; Nolden, F.; Stadlmann, J.; Steck, M.; Winkler, M. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Diwisch, M. [Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, II. Physikalisches Institut, Giessen (Germany); Geissel, H.; Plass, W.R.; Scheidenberger, C.; Chen, L. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, II. Physikalisches Institut, Giessen (Germany); Patyk, Z. [National Centre for Nuclear Research - NCBJ Swierk, Warszawa (Poland); Sun, B. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Darmstadt (Germany); Beihang University, School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering, Beijing (China); Hausmann, M. [Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI (United States); Nakajima, S.; Suzuki, T.; Yamaguchi, T. [Saitama University, Department of Physics, Saitama (Japan); Ohtsubo, T. [Niigata University, Department of Physics, Niigata (Japan); Ozawa, A. [University of Tsukuba, Institute of Physics, Ibaraki (Japan); Walker, P.M. [University of Surrey, Department of Physics, Guildford (United Kingdom)

    2016-05-15

    Masses of uranium fission fragments have been measured with the FRagment Separator (FRS) combined with the Experimental Storage Ring (ESR) at GSI. A 410-415 MeV/u {sup 238}U projectile beam was fast extracted from the synchrotron SIS-18 with an average intensity of 10{sup 9}/spill. The projectiles were focused on a 1g/cm{sup 2} beryllium target at the entrance of the FRS to create neutron-rich isotopes via abrasion-fission. The fission fragments were spatially separated with the FRS and injected into the isochronous storage ring ESR for fast mass measurements without applying cooling. The Isochronous Mass Spectrometry (IMS) was performed under two different experimental conditions, with and without B ρ-tagging at the high-resolution dispersive central focal plane of the FRS. The evaluation has been done for the combined data sets from both experiments with a new method of data analysis. The use of a correlation matrix has provided experimental mass values for 23 different neutron-rich isotopes for the first time and 6 masses with improved values. The new masses were obtained for nuclides in the element range from Se to Ce. The applied analysis has given access even to rare isotopes detected with an intensity of a few atoms per week. The novel data analysis and systematic error determination are described and the results are compared with extrapolations of experimental values and theoretical models. (orig.)

  12. The Imperial Japanese Army as a Factor in Spreading Militarism and Fascism in Prewar Japan

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Although a broad variety of aspects concerning militarism and fascism in Japan have been focal points of research, little attention has been given to the Imperial Japanese Army as an actor in spreading militarist and fascist ideology among the Japanese populace. Japan lacked a fascist mass movement centered in a fascist political party. Nonetheless, the majority of the populace supported the government’s policies, the Imperial Japanese Army's adventurism, and right wing terrorism. In order to...

  13. Diet of Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug and Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca from Central Kazakhstan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedko Nedyalkov

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available We present results from a study on the diet of Saker falcon (n = 15 nests and Eastern imperial eagle (n = 2 nests from south Kazakhstan, on the basis of food remains and pellets collected during the 2009 breeding season. The main prey for Saker falcon was predominantly rodents living in middle-size colonies – Spermophilus erytrogenys and Rhombomys opimus. We also present the results from the diet of two pairs of Eastern imperial eagles nesting close to Balkhash Lake.

  14. Belgium’s Expansionist History between 1870 and 1930: Imperialism and the Globalisation of Belgian Business

    OpenAIRE

    Abbeloos, Jan-Frederik

    2008-01-01

    This chapter considers if and how the political action of imperialism and the globalisation of business influenced each other in Belgium between 1870 and 1930. In addition to the role that Belgian King Leopold II played in the territorial partition of Africa and the opening up of China, the period sees a growing amount of capital and industrial know-how from Belgium being invested in markets outside Europe. Before World War I, the globalisation of Belgian business and Belgian imperialism oper...

  15. The Silver Dragon and the Golden Fish: an imperial Ottoman symbol

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander, David

    2003-01-01

    This article studies and catalogues a group of ottoman swords decorated with dragon and fish emblems on their hilts. Both animals were associated to the imperial power according the oriental traditon.

    Este trabajo estudia y cataloga un grupo de espadas otomanas decoradas con dragones y peces en sus empuñaduras. Estos animales fueron asociados con el poder imperial según la tradición oriental.

  16. The Silver Dragon and the Golden Fish: an imperial Ottoman symbol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander, David

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This article studies and catalogues a group of ottoman swords decorated with dragon and fish emblems on their hilts. Both animals were associated to the imperial power according the oriental traditon.

    Este trabajo estudia y cataloga un grupo de espadas otomanas decoradas con dragones y peces en sus empuñaduras. Estos animales fueron asociados con el poder imperial según la tradición oriental.

  17. First beam test of a liquid Cherenkov detector prototype for a future TOF measurements at the Super-FRS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzminchuk-Feuerstein, Natalia; Ferber, Nadine; Rozhkova, Elena; Kaufeld, Ingo; Voss, Bernd

    2017-09-01

    In order to separate and identify fragmentation products with the Super-Fragment Separator (SuperFRS) at FAIR a high resolving power detector system is required for position and Time-Of-Flight (TOF) measurements. The TOF detector is used to measure the velocity of the particles and hence, in conjunction with their momentum or energy, to determine their mass and hence their identity. Aiming to develop a system with a precision down to about 50 ps in time and resistant to a high radiation rate of relativistic heavy ions of up to 107 per spill (at the second focal plane), we have shown a conceptual design for a Cherenkov detector envisioned for the future TOF measurements employing Iodine Naphthalene (C10H7I) as a fluid radiator. The application of a liquid radiator allows the circulation of the active material and therefore to greatly reduce the effects of the degradation of the optical performance expected after exposure to the high ion rates at the Super-FRS. The prototype of a TOF-Cherenkov detector was designed, constructed and its key-properties have been investigated in measurements with heavy ions at CaveC at GSI. These measurements were performed with nickel ions at 300-1500 MeV/u and ion-beam intensities of up to 4 × 106 ions/spill of 8 s. As a first result a maximum detection efficiency of 70% and a timing resolution of 267 ps (σ) was achieved. We report the first attempt of time measurements with a Cherenkov detector based on a liquid radiator. Further optimization is required.

  18. Jejak-jejak Imperial dalam Beragam Nasionalisme Asia Tenggara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihsan Ali-Fauzi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Anthony Reid, Imperial Alchemy: Nationalism and Political Identity in Southeast Asia (New York: Cambridge University Press. 2010, xiii + 248 pages.Reid has long been widely known as a senior historian with a specialty in the history of Aceh, Sumatra, and the Indonesian revolution. Recently, he has begun to write about the history of Southeast Asia. Inspired by French historian Fernand Braudel, this work presents what Reid calls a “total history” of this region. In this approach wars, royal dynasties, and foreign traders are not prioritized over the diets, health, and pastimes of ordinary people. Through this work, Reid has begun to strengthen the study of Southeast Asia. As one of the pioneers and masters of the study of Asia and the Pacific, particularly Southeast Asia, Reid is uniquely positioned to offer new insights about this region’s history. In this book, Reid offers a new understanding of the historical data collected on the link between ethnic identity, nationalism, and history of Southeast Asia.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v20i3.516

  19. Records of urbanism, imperialism, & environmental change in southeastern Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicoll, K.

    2012-04-01

    Assessing the "human footprint" on the landscape since prehistory requires some comparison of the degree and pace of such changes, and the cause-and-effect, as well as the ability to resolve the anthropogenic signal from from patterns of "natural" environmental variation. The deep archaeological record provides valuable insights regarding the timeframe prior to the European industrial revolution; studies at specific localities may help resolve differences between anthropogenically-mediated changes and "natural" climatic changes. Results of various archaeological and palaeoecological archives across the Fertile Crescent indicates that rapid changes on landforms and biota have occurred since the beginnings of agriculture and urbanization. Work at key localities suggests that periods of imperialism such as the Neo-Assyrian ~9th century BCE are synchronous with sediment disturbances and deforestation in southeastern Turkey. New findings from geomorphic and archaeological survey and investigation in the Tigris watershed near Diyarbakir are correlated with various records across the broader region (e.g., Lake Van, Konya lakes, etc) in order to assess the spatial and temporal changes brought about by human population growth and increased exploitation of natural resources during phases of empire-building.

  20. El Águila Imperial Ibérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ferrer Baena

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El Á guila Imperial Ibérica es una de las aves más amenazadas de extinción del mundo. Actualmente, la población mundial de la especie está estimada en un poco más de 200 parejas. Todas ellas se encuentran en territorio peninsular español, en los bosques mediterráneos del cuadrante suroccidental, repartidas en una serie de subpoblaciones de pequeño tamaño (menos de 30 parejas con un nivel de intercambio medio‐bajo, estando algunas de ellas claramente aisladas. Este tipo de distribución es típicamente inestable y paso previo habitual de los procesos de extinción. Entre las principales amenazas a la especie se encuentran la disminución de las poblaciones de conejo, que constituye su principal presa, y la mortalidad por electrocución en tendidos eléctricos.

  1. Analysis of the apiclutural industry in relation to geothermal development and agriculture in the Imperial Valley, Imperial County, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atkins, E.L.

    1979-04-01

    PART I: Continuous exposure to 30 ppB H/sub 2/S increased lifespan of caged worker honey bees, Apis mellifera L., 33%; whereas, bees exposed > 13 days to 100 ppB and 300 ppB H/sub 2/S the lifespan was shortened 32% and 51%, respectively, over unexposed bees; bees exposed > 15 days to a combination of 300 ppB H/sub 2/S + 50 ppM CO/sub 2/ the lifespan was shortened 4.4% more that 300 ppB H/sub 2/S alone. The mean temperature and/or relative humidity did not exert a direct effect on the hazard to bees. A continuous exposure to 300 ppB SO/sub 2/ was detrimental to caged worker honey bees; and, a mean temperature of 27.2/sup 0/C was 75.7% more toxic than the same dosage at 16.7/sup 0/C. Worker bee lifespans exposed to 300 ppB SO/sub 2/ at 16.7/sup 0/C were shortened 13.5% and 79%, respectively, compared to unexposed bees. Therefore, both dosage and temperature exert direct effects on the hazards to bees. PART II: The status of the apicultural industry in Imperial County, California, was outlined giving a short characterization of the area in relation to the apicultural industry. Agriculture utilizes 500,000 intensely farmed acres which generated a 11-year average income of $370 million. Over 40 agricultural commodities are produced. The apicultural industry is intimately involved in 25% of the total gross agricultural income. In addition, most of the flora growing in the desert community which comprises the remainder of the county are very important to honey bees by providing sustaining nectar and/or pollen for brood rearing. The bee foraged flora provides substantial bee forage when colonies are located outside of the agriculutral area. It is concluded that geothermal resource development in the Imperial Valley is contemplated to have minimal effects on the apicultural industry.

  2. Sistema radicular do fórmio, sisal e bambu imperial Root systems of new zealand flax, sisal, and imperial bamboo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio César Medina

    1963-01-01

    Full Text Available Os autores apresentam e discutem os resultados de estudos preliminares sôbre o sistema radicular do fórmio (Phormium tenax Forster, sisal (Agave sisalana Perrine e bambu .imperial (Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. var. vittata A. ,& C, Riv.. Concluem, que o sistema radicular do fórmio é relativamente raso, o do sisal bastante superficial é o do bambu imperial se limitada às primeiras carnadas do solo.Results of preliminary studies on root-systems of New Zealand flax (Phormium tenax Forster, sisal (Agave sisalana Perrine, and imperial bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. var. vittata A. & C. Riv. plants by the method of soil block, are apresented and discussed by the authors. According to local soil conditions, it is concluded that the root-system of New Zealand flax is relatively superficial, with the main concentration of roots in the 12 in. soil top layer. In sisal, the root-systems of the three plants investigated were found to occur in the soil surface layer, with more of 90% of the roots in the top 6 in. Finally, in the imperial bamboo clump atudied, the main concentration of roots was found in the layer 6-12 in. deep.

  3. Biogeochemical studies of wintering waterfowl in the Imperial and Sacramento Valleys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koranda, J.J.; Stuart, M.; Thompson, S.; Conrado, C.

    1979-10-01

    Trace and major elemental composition were determined in the organs of wintering waterfowl in the Imperial and Sacramento Valleys of California, and in soils, sediments, and agricultural fertilizer that constitute the various sources of elements in the waterfowl. These data provide a biogeochemical baseline for waterfowl populations wintering in an area being developed for geothermal power. This baseline in the Imperial Valley is affected by soil and sediment composition, agricultural effluents in irrigation and stream water, and spent shot deposited by hunters in waterfowl habitats. The waterfowl acquire a set of trace elements from these sources and concentrations increase in their organs over the wintering period. Nickel, arsenic, selenium, bromine, and lead are the primary elements acquired from soil sources, agricultural effluents, and spent shot in the Imperial Valley. The assessment of effects from geothermal effluents on waterfowl populations in complex because there are large influxes of materials into the Imperial Valley ecosystem that contain trace elements, i.e., irrigation water, phosphatic fertilizers, pesticides, and lead shot. Multiple sources exist for many elements prominent in the expected geothermal effluents. The relationships between the two California valleys, the Imperial and Sacramento, are apparent in the trace element concentrations in the organs of waterfowl obtained in those two valleys. Arsenic is absent in the waterfowl organs obtained in the Sacramento Valley and relatively common in the Imperial Valley waterfowl. The effect of any release of geothermal effluent in the Imperial Valley waterfowl habitats will be difficult to describe because of the complexity of the biogeochemical baseline and the multiple sources of trace and major elements in the ecosystem.

  4. Phylogeny and biogeography of the imperial pigeons (Aves: Columbidae) in the Pacific Ocean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cibois, Alice; Thibault, Jean-Claude; Bonillo, Céline; Filardi, Christopher E; Pasquet, Eric

    2017-05-01

    We reconstruct the phylogeny of imperial pigeons (genus Ducula) using mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data. We evaluate the most likely biogeographic scenario for the evolution of this group that colonized many islands of the Pacific Ocean. The divergence time analysis suggests that the basal divergences within Ducula occurred more recently than in the fruit doves (genus Ptilinopus), a group that is also well diversified in Oceania. The imperial pigeons colonized the Melanesian region several times independently, and the diversification within this region led to several species in sympatry, in particular in the Bismarck archipelago. Central Polynesia was also colonized several times, first by a lineage during the Miocene that led to the large D. latrans, sister to the New Caledonian endemic D. goliath, then more recently by the widespread D. pacifica, during the Pleistocene. The phylogenetic pattern obtained with the extant Ducula species showed that the Eastern Polynesian endemics do not form a monophyletic group, with the Pacific Imperial Pigeon D. pacifica sister species with good support to the Polynesian Imperial Pigeon D. aurorae. However, the impact of recent anthropic extinctions has been important for the imperial pigeons, more than for the smaller fruit doves, suggesting that several Ducula lineages might be missing today. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Herman Merivale’s black legend: rethinking the intellectual history of free trade imperialism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Rood

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Focusses on the lectures and theories of economist and colonial bureaucrat Herman Merivale on the imperial transition of British colonialism from slave labour to free labour, and toward free trade, in 1839. Author specifically shows how Merivale propagated the free trade imperialism of the reformed British Empire by using the "Black Legend" way of thinking, i.e. criticizing Spanish colonialism, to caricaturize the second British Empire, and thus justify imperial policy reforms. Author elaborates on this Black Legend tradition, going back to writings of Las Casas, and how it served as justification for "better" imperialisms of other colonial powers than Spain, and how Merivale's views followed this tradition. He shows how Merivale as part of this criticized the mismanagement, slavery, brutality, mercantilism, and the concentration of power and wealth in Cuba and other Spanish colonies, as negative examples contrasted to the British approach. Author points out, however, how Merivale's views were in part paradoxical and ambiguous, as he favoured a social hierarchy and an imperial authoritarianism limiting free labour.

  6. Science Applied for the Investigation of Imperial Gate from Eighteenth Century Wooden Church of Nicula Monastery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Bratu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Part of an indestructible component of any orthodox church, the Imperial Gates represent an important symbol in our cultural heritage. But in many cases the Imperial Gates from the wooden churches were damaged. In order to preserve and restore them, the scientific investigations of the Imperial Gate belonging to Nicula Monastery wooden church were performed by employing nondestructive and destructive methods. The wood essence was established, with its “health” status being investigated by FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy and DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry thermal analysis. The painting materials employed by popular artists were determined by FTIR and XRF (X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy as gypsum, calcite (rear background, lead white (Archangel Clothes, lead-minium (Archangel Clothes, leaf, iron oxide (Imperial Gate frame, malachite (green, Prussian blue (blue, orpiment (yellow, aliphatic, ester, and protein (probably egg yolk degradation products. Using similar colors as in the original artwork (resulting from the scientific investigation of the pigments a 3D reconstruction has been performed. The restored Imperial Gates are placed in the old Nicula wooden church, being included into a tourist and religious circuit.

  7. Imperial County geothermal development. Quarterly report, April 1, 1980-June 30, 1981

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    Three areas are reported: Geothermal Administration, Geothermal Planning; and other Geothermal Activities. Geothermal Administration addresses the status of the Imperial Valley Environmental Project (IVEP) transfer, update of the Geothermal Resource Center, and findings of Geothermal field inspections. Field inspections will cover the four new wells drilled by Magma at the Salton Sea in preparation for 28 MW power plant, the progress at Sperry at East Mesa, and the two on-line power plants in East Mesa and North Brawley. Evaluation of cooperative efforts will cover the Geothermal Subsidence Detection Network Resurvey, Master EIR for the Salton Sea and the Annual Imperial County Geothermal meeting. The status of Geothermal development throughout the County will cover existing proposed facilities. The summary of the Geothermal meeting (Appendix A) will also provide the status of several projects. Geothermal Planning addresses the EIR Notice of Exemption from CEQA, progress on the Master EIR for the Salton Sea, and the EIR for Phillips Petroleum for 6 exploratory wells in the Truckhaven area. Other Geothermal Activity addresses the Department of Energy Region IX meeting hosted by Imperial County, the Annual Imperial County Geothermal meeting, Class II-1 geothermal hazardous waste disposal siting study, and Imperial County Geothermal Direct Heat Study.

  8. [The history of smallpox vaccination in the Imperial Moscow foster house].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sher, S A

    2011-01-01

    The article deals with the history of vaccination against natural smallpox which is directly connected to the Imperial Moscow foster house which became one of smallpox vaccination centers in Russia of XIX century. In 1801, when variolations were substituted by more safe cowpox vaccinations, in Russia the first vaccination using the method of Jenner was made exactly in in the Imperial Moscow foster house. From 1805, the smallpox vaccination received the status of force of law, the Imperial Moscow foster house began to produce and to distribute the smallpox vaccine all over the country and apply the smallpox vaccination not only to its foster children but to all turned to and, besides that, to train the smallpox vaccination. In 1857, the Imperial Moscow foster house became the first establishment in Russia where the revaccination was applied. In 1980, the WHO proclaimed that the implementation of the global program of smallpox irradiation resulted in the natural smallpox elimination on Earth. The smallpox became the first communicable disease defeated due to mass vaccination. One third of Earth population was vaccinated by the Soviet vaccine, which originated mainly because of the activities of physicians of the Imperial Moscow foster house.

  9. The imperial image of the new world order: Is this political realism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Palacio de Oteyza

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the different images of the world order belonging to the realist theory of international relations, and their relationship to the neo-conservative doctrines of the American imperial order. It deals with answering the question of whether or notthe current Republican administration’s unipolar-imperial image of the world order can be considered a form of political realism. Both the defenders of the unipolar-imperial order and its detractors often ascribe this image to the tradition of realism, where two other images subsequent to the end of the Cold War can be placed: the geo-economic and multipolar images. However, an analysis of the different images reveals that the neoconservative doctrines of the new imperial order depart considerably from realism at the descriptive, prescriptive and predictive levels, to the point where they become incompatible with it. This study concludes that the imperial image is an anomaly not only with respect to political realism but also with respect to the unipolar image itself.

  10. 1 March 2012 - British University of Oxford Head of the Mathematical, Physical & Life Sciences Division A. N. Halliday FRS signing the guest book with Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    1 March 2012 - British University of Oxford Head of the Mathematical, Physical & Life Sciences Division A. N. Halliday FRS signing the guest book with Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci.

  11. Neoliberalismo: neo-imperialismo Neoliberalism: neo-imperialism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard Duménil

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available O neoliberalismo é uma nova fase do capitalismo, que se impôs a partir do começo dos anos 1980. Considerando seus traços mais gerais nos países do Centro, como nos Estados Unidos e na Europa, destacam-se três características: uma dinâmica mais favorável da mudança tecnológica e da rentabilidade, a criação de rendas a favor das classes mais abastadas, e a redução da taxa de acumulação. O imperialismo na era neoliberal pode se caracterizar pela hegemonia dos Estados Unidos, que drenam fluxos enormes de renda do resto do mundo. Mas esse domínio é solapado pelos desequilíbrios externos crescentes do país, a expressão de uma onda extraordinária de consumo por parte das famílias.Neoliberalism is a new phase of capitalism which was asserted at the beginning of the 1980s. Considering its more general features as in the United States and Europe, it can be characterized by: a more favorable dynamic of technical change and profitability, the creation of income flows to the benefit of the most accommodated classes of the population, and diminished rates of accumulation. A central feature of imperialism in the neoliberal era is U.S. hegemony, a country which is draining huge flows of income from the rest of the world. This domination is, however, undermined by increasing external disequilibria, the expression of an extraordinary wave of consumption from households.

  12. Simulations of the new cryogenic gas filled stopping cell for the low energy branch of the Super-FRS at FAIR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reiter, Moritz Pascal; Schaefer, Daniel [Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen (Germany); Dickel, Timo; Plass, Wolfgang; Geissel, Hans; Scheidenberger, Christoph [Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen (Germany); GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Collaboration: FRS Ion Catcher-Collaboration

    2012-07-01

    At the low energy branch of the Super-FRS at FAIR exotic nuclei will be produced at relativistic energies, slowed down, thermalized and provided as a low energy beam to high precision experiments. The ions are stopped in a cryogenic stopping cell in high density helium gas. In order to guide the development of the new cryogenic stopping cell and to study the performance of the new techniques used, numerical simulations of the stopping cell have been performed. A parameter study of the RF carpet has been done and optimized working parameters for the stopping cell have been found. The simulation results show good agreement with the first offline and online experiments of the cryogenic stopping cell obtained at the FRS Ion Catcher at GSI. For the first time cryogenic operation of a stopping cell with a radio frequency carpet and hitherto unreached helium densities have been demonstrated.

  13. Characterization of elements in trace amounts in imperial topaz through neutron activation analysis; Caracterizacao de elementos em teores de traco em topazio imperial atraves da analise por ativacao neutronica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Ester Figueiredo de [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Sabioni, Antonio C. S. [Ouro Preto Univ., MG (Brazil). Dept de Fisica; Ferreira, Cesar M. [Ouro Preto Univ., MG (Brazil). Dept de Geologia

    2000-07-01

    This work deals with the mineral characterization of the elements in trace amounts of imperial topaz, original form Mina Capao da Lama, Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil, through the neutron activation analysis. Recent results have permitted to quantify Cr, Cs, Mn, Na, Ga, Sb and Au. The main goal of this study is the contribution to the mineral and gemological research of the imperial topaz.

  14. De la res publica al Imperium: Poder y subjetividad en la Roma Imperial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Barrassús Herrero

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende caracterizar la forma de poder imperial romano y las formas de subjetividad que aparecen tras la irrupción de un poder absoluto e irresistible propio del Principado. Trataremos de identificar los elementos de continuidad y discontinuidad que se dan en el ámbito del pensamiento político y de la subjetividad en el período republicano así como en el imperial. Los textos claves para comprender tal paso se encuentran tanto en los escritos de los últimos republicanos ‘convencidos’ así como en una literatura política de la primera época imperial que mira al pasado republicano con nostalgia y veneración, al tiempo que trata de ajustar cuentas con el presente mediante la narración de su corrupción

  15. Cooperative geochemical investigation of geothermal resources in the Imperial Valley and Yuma areas. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coplen, T.B.

    1973-10-01

    Preliminary studies indicate that the Imperial Valley has a large geothermal potential. In order to delineate additional geothermal systems a chemical and isotopic investigation of samples from water wells, springs, and geothermal wells in the Imperial Valley and Yuma areas was conducted. Na, K, and Ca concentrations of nearly 200 well water, spring water, hot spring, and geothermal fluid samples from the Imperial Valley area were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Fournier and Truesdell's function was determined for each water sample. Suspected geothermal areas are identified. Hydrogen and oxygen isotope abundances were determined in order to determine and to identify the source of the water in the Mesa geothermal system. (JGB)

  16. Novel flame retardants (N-FRs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) in fish, penguin, and skua from King George Island, Antarctica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolschke, Hendrik; Meng, Xiang-Zhou; Xie, Zhiyong; Ebinghaus, Ralf; Cai, Minghong

    2015-07-15

    Persistent organic pollutants (POPs), including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), are frequently detected in biota from Antarctica, whereas no data are available for their replacements, such as novel flame retardants (N-FRs). This study presented the occurrence of several N-FRs, PBDEs, and PCBs in tissue samples of an Antarctic rock cod (Trematomus bernacchii), a young gentoo penguin (Pygoscelis papua), and a brown skua (Stercorarius antarcticus) collected from King George Island. The total concentrations of N-FRs (ΣN-FRs; mean: 931 pg/g dry weight (dw)) were comparable to PBDEs (Σ8PBDEs; 681 pg/gdw), which were much lower than PCBs (ΣDL-PCBs; 12,800 pg/gdw). Overall, skua contained two to three orders of magnitude higher contamination than penguin and fish. In the future, more attention should be focused on the fate of N-FRs in Antarctica, where usages have increased since PBDEs were banned. To our knowledge, this is the first report of N-FRs in biota from Antarctica.

  17. YAKUTSKAYA OBLAST IN ALL-IMPERIAL SPACE (BASING ON GOVERNORS’ ALL-NATIONAL REPORTS (LATE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alena I. Arkhipova

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The article considers governors’ reports in terms of imperial narrative presence. The author attempts to show Yakutskaya Oblast Governors V.N. Skrypitsyn and I.I. Kraft’s attitude towards non-Russian inhabitants, their views of region further development and its place in all-Imperial space.

  18. 78 FR 37845 - Meeting of the Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area (ISDRA) Subgroup of the California Desert...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Meeting of the Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area (ISDRA) Subgroup of the... 92-463 and 94-579, that the Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area Subgroup of the California...

  19. 78 FR 4981 - Pacific Imperial Railroad, Inc.-Change in Operator Exemption-Rail Line of San Diego and Arizona...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... San Diego and Arizona Eastern Railway Company Pacific Imperial Railroad, Inc. (PIR), a noncarrier, has filed a verified notice of exemption under 49 CFR 1150.31 to change operators from San Diego & Imperial... Diego and Arizona Eastern Railway Company (SD&AE). The change in operators for the line is being...

  20. Summary of the HypHI Phase 0 experiment and future plans with FRS at GSI (FAIR Phase 0)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, T. R.; Rappold, C.; Bertini, O.; Bianchin, S.; Bozkurt, V.; Geissel, H.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Kim, E.; Ma, Y.; Maas, F.; Minami, S.; Nakajima, D.; Nociforo, C.; Özel-Tashenov, B.; Pochodzalla, J.; Scheidenberger, C.; Yoshida, K.

    2016-10-01

    Results of the HypHI Phase 0 experiment with the reaction of 6Li+12C at 2 A GeV are summarised. Invariant mass distributions as well as the lifetime measurements for 3ΛH and 4ΛH are discussed. The lifetime values for both the hypernuclei are respectively observed to be 183+42-32 ps and 140+48-33 ps, being significantly shorter than those of the Λ-hyperon. Statistical analyses of existing lifetime data for 3ΛH up to 2014 confirm a significantly short lifetime of 3ΛH, which is not explained by present models. Observed hypernuclear production cross section values for 3ΛH and 4ΛH are also summarised. In addition, observed signals for the final states of d +π- and t +π- are discussed. All the discussions on the results of the HypHI Phase 0 experiment in this article are based on [1-4]. We also present a new proposed experiment with the FRS (FRagment Separator) at GSI (FAIR Phase 0) to improve the precision of the hypernuclear spectroscopy with peripheral heavy ion induced reactions.

  1. Description of Imperial Valley, California for the assessment of impacts of geothermal energy development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Layton, D.; Ermak, D.

    1976-08-26

    Impending geothermal development in the Imperial Valley of California has raised concern over the possible impacts of such development. As an initial step in impact assessment of geothermal projects, relevant features of the valley's physical and human environments are described. Particular attention is placed on features that may either influence development or be affected by it. Major areas of consideration include the valley's physical resources (i.e., land, air, water, and biological resources), economic, fiscal, and social characteristics of Imperial County, and geothermal laws.

  2. COZINHEIRO IMPERIAL - Ou a nova arte do cozimento e do copeiro em todos os seus ramos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Pereira de Vargas

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O Cozinheiro Imperial Ou Nova Arte Do Cozinheiro E Do Copeiro Em Todos Os Seus Ramos é uma referencia tanto na culinária como na bibliografia brasileira, por tratar-se do primeiro livro de receitas editado no Brasil. De autor anônimo, foi reeditado em 1996 pela Best Seller. A Universidade de São Paulo digitalizou os originais, que hoje são parte de sua Coleção Brasiliana. Pela importância cultural do material, ele é destacado nesta edição de RRV. Palavras chave: Gastronomia. Cultura Brasileira. Cozinheiro Imperial

  3. Extension activities of Kazan Imperial University in the 19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhuravleva Evgenia

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Based primarily on archival documents, this article explores the development of additional education in Kazan province, Russia, in the 19th century. Its genesis is found in the varying order of Kazan Imperial University extension activities which take the form of foreign academic and scientific mobility; individual mentoring practice of recognised scholars; masters’ advancement at Pedagogical Institute; creation of the Pedagogical Society in the framework of University Extension Movement. The historiography shows that in the course of its development additional education in Kazan Imperial University largely relied on the international experience and enthusiasm of its teaching staff.

  4. Geotechnical environmental aspects of geothermal power generation at Herber, Imperial Valley, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-10-01

    The feasibility of constructing a 25-50 MWe geothermal power plant using low salinity hydrothermal fluid as the energy source was assessed. Here, the geotechnical aspects of geothermal power generation and their relationship to environmental impacts in the Imperial Valley of California were investigated. Geology, geophysics, hydrogeology, seismicity and subsidence are discussed in terms of the availability of data, state-of-the-art analytical techniques, historical and technical background and interpretation of current data. Estimates of the impact of these geotechnical factors on the environment in the Imperial Valley, if geothermal development proceeds, are discussed.

  5. Recently Exposed Fumarole Fields Near Mullet Island, Imperial County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, D. K.; Hudnut, K.; Adams, P.; Bernstein, L.

    2011-12-01

    New field observations, lidar measurements, aerial imaging and preliminary laboratory measurements of mud samples are reported of three formerly submerged fumarole fields in the Salton Trough near Mullet Island in southeastern California, USA. The fumarole fields have recently been exposed as the Salton Sea level has dropped. The largest of the three fields visited in January 2011 is irregular in outline with a marked northeast elongation. It is roughly 400 meters long and 120 meters wide. The field consists of approximately one hundred warm to boiling hot (100° C) mud volcanoes (0.1 - 2 m in height), several hundred mud pots, and countless CO2 gas vents. Unusual shaped mud volcanoes in the form of vertical tubes with central vents were observed in many places. Lidar measurements were obtained in the time period Nov 9-13, 2010 using an Optech Orion 200M lidar from an elevation 800 m AGL. They reveal that the terrain immediately surrounding the two fields that are above water level reside on a low (~0.5 m high) gently sloping mound about 500 m across that shows no evidence of lineaments indicative of surface faulting. With other geothermal features, the fumaroles define a well-defined line marking the probable trace of the Calipatria fault. Although the precise locations is uncertain, it appears to define a straight line 4 km long between the Davis-Schrimpf mud volcanoes and Mullet Island. Mullet Island is one of five late Quaternary rhyolitic volcanic necks in the immediate area of the fumaroles. The Calipatria fault is subparallel to the San Andreas and Imperial faults and only one of many verified or suspected faults (including cross faults) in the complex tectonic setting of the Salton Trough. Mud from several volcanoes was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). One sample contained boussingaultite, (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2.6(H2O), a rare mineral that is known to sublime under fumarolic conditions, possibly by

  6. Entre o altar e o trono: iniciativas de escolarização na capital imperial - Between the altar and throne: initiatives of schooling in imperial capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline de Morais Limeira

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Ao reconhecer que a produção da forma escolar moderna se efetivou por intermediações de forças distintas, investigamos iniciativas particulares de educação promovidas pela Igreja Católica. A partir das propagandas do Almanak Laemmert e de diversas informações do jornal O Apóstolo, foi possível localizar vestígios acerca da estrutura física, planos de estudos e valores propostos por alguns colégios particulares na Corte Imperial. O recorte cronológico abrange as décadas de 1870 e 1880, que compreendem a época da reforma Leôncio de Carvalho (1879. Também procuramos refletir acerca das relações estabelecidas entre o Estado Imperial e a Igreja Católica, e observar imbricações entre poderes públicos e privados, fenômeno que ultrapassa a sociedade oitocentista.Palavras-chave: ensino primário, colégios religiosos, Corte Imperial. BETWEEN THE ALTAR AND THRONE: INITIATIVES OF SCHOOLING IN IMPERIAL CAPITALAbstractRecognizing that adherence to the way modern school was made by different forces, we investigate private education initiatives promoted by the Catholic Church in the Imperial Court. From the advertisements that circulated Almanak Laemmert and O Apóstolo the newspaper was unable to locate information about the physical structure, curricula and amounts charged for those colleges. Establishing the chronological cut the 1870s and 1880s, which comprise the time of Reformation Leôncio de Carvalho (1879, we also reflect on the relationships established between the Imperial State and the Catholic Church an expression of the imbrications of public and private, a brandsociety in the nineteenth century.Key-words: primary education, religious colleges, the Imperial Court. ENTRE EL ALTAR Y EL TRONO: INICIATIVAS INSTRUCCIÓN EN IMPERIAL CAPITALResumenReconociendo que la construcción de forma de la escuela moderna fue dado por el área de fuerzas distintas, investigar iniciativas privadas de educación promovidos por la Iglesia

  7. The Garden and the Jungle: Burnett, Kipling and the Nature of Imperial Childhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Imperial British India is the point of origin for protagonists in both Frances Hodgson Burnett's "The Secret Garden" (1911) and Rudyard Kipling's "The Jungle Books" (1894-1895), two influential children's stories in which late Victorian notions of childhood education and nature converge with those of national and imperial…

  8. 76 FR 28453 - Cesar Chavez Special Resource Study-Alameda, Fresno, Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Monterey...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ... site for NPS Planning, Environment and Public Comment, and will be advertised in a newsletter which... National Park Service Cesar Chavez Special Resource Study--Alameda, Fresno, Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles..., Stanislaus, Tulare and Ventura Counties, CA, and Maricopa and Yuma Counties, AZ AGENCY: National Park...

  9. A Friction of Cultural Values and Characteristics of Imperial Mosque in Ternate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    muhammad tayeb

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia has many religious culture that should be preserved one of  which is the imperial mosque. Most of the imperial mosque has its own characteristics in carrying out activities both religious and cultural. Sultanate of Ternate is the largest sultanates in eastern Indonesia which would give other peculiarities that need to be raised as a typical Indonesian culture. The purpose of this study is to identify the type of tradition in doing at the mosque sultanate by people of Ternate and changes in cultural values of the people of Ternate in the imperial mosque. In this study found the phenomenon characteristic changes in cultural values by linking changes in the physical aspect and non-physical. To determine the effect of these factors, the method used is the method of observation of physical traces. This method is expected to be able to explain the effect of the change occurred. Based on the results of the study indicate compliance is still customary rules of religious traditions in the imperial mosque although some traditions that formerly taboo has been done, the progress of the times, increase knowledge, and make the implementation of the reform and renewal of cultural values carried by the community for various reasons theTernate.

  10. A Groundwater Model to Assess Water Resource Impacts at the Imperial East Solar Energy Zone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Quinn, John [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Greer, Chris [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); O' Connor, Ben L. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Tompson, Andrew F.B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2013-12-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop a groundwater flow model to examine the influence of potential groundwater withdrawal to support the utility-scale solar energy development at the Imperial East Solar Energy Zone (SEZ) as a part of the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) solar energy program.

  11. "In Defence of Cricket": The Imperial Games Ethic in Victorian English Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Paul L.

    1989-01-01

    Illustrates how societies can be judged by the athletic games they play through presentation of an exchange of letters appearing in the 1872 issues of the Upper Canada College newspaper. Shows how cricket, representing imperial society and muscular Christianity, was threatened by the Yankees and "American baseball." (LS)

  12. 76 FR 39357 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... Pollution Control District, Kern County Air Pollution Control District, and Ventura County Air Pollution... proposing to approve revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD), Kern County Air Pollution Control District (KCAPCD), and Ventura County Air Pollution Control District...

  13. ERDA test facilities, East Mesa Test Site. Geothermal resource investigations, Imperial Valley, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-01-01

    Detailed specifications which must be complied with in the construction of the ERDA Test Facilities at the East Mesa Site for geothermal resource investigations in Imperial Valley, California are presented for use by prospective bidders for the construction contract. The principle construction work includes a 700 gpm cooling tower with its associated supports and equipment, pipelines from wells, electrical equipment, and all earthwork. (LCL)

  14. Review - China's Last Imperial Frontier and The Sichuan Frontier and Tibet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Entenmann

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Yingcong Dai. 2009. The Sichuan Frontier and Tibet: Imperial Strategy in the Early Qing. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press. xiv+368. Maps, notes, glossary of Chinese characters, bibliography, index. ISBN: 978-0-2959-8951-8 (hardcover, 80USD, 978-0-2959-8952-5 (paperback, 30USD. and Xiuyu Wang. 2011. China's Last Imperial Frontier: Late Qing Expansion in Sichuan's Tibetan Borderlands. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books. xv+291. Notes, tables, glossary of Chinese characters, bibliography, index. ISBN: 978-0-7391-6809-7 (hardcover, 80USD 978-0-7391-6810-3 (ebook, 79.99USD. Until recently, historians have not paid much attention to Qing China's Tibetan frontier, but two excellent new studies address this neglect. One is Yingcong Dai's The Sichuan Frontier and Tibet: Imperial Strategy in the Early Qing, which examines the Qing conquest of the Khams region up to the end of the eighteenth century and its effect on Sichuan. The other is China's Last Imperial Frontier: Late Qing Expansion in Sichuan's Tibetan Borderlands by Xiuyu Wang, in which he describes Qing efforts to impose direct administration on the Khams region in the last years of the dynasty. The Qing annexation of eastern Khams was part of the regime's attempt to secure military control of Tibet and deny it to the Zunghar Mongols. As Dai shows, Tibet's strategic importance to the Qing directly shaped Sichuan's development. Although Sichuan was long an integral part of China, its demographic collapse during the ...

  15. Imperial scientists lead the way in preparation for the biggest experiment on earth

    CERN Multimedia

    Reeves, Danielle

    2006-01-01

    "An international team of over 2'000 scientist, led by Professor Tejinder Virdee from Imperial College London's Departement of Physics is stepping up preparations for the world's largest ever physics experiment, starting next year at CERN near Geneva, Switzerland." (1 page)

  16. Jane Austen and Imperialism--A Rereading of "Pride and Prejudice"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Runjiang; Li, Yucheng

    2009-01-01

    This thesis attempts to search for the clues related to British domestic exploitation of the peasant labors and overseas colonization of other countries after rereading the novel "Pride and Prejudice," with an aim to bring out Austen's intimacy with Imperialism. It will offer some insights into a better understanding of provincial world…

  17. Linguistic Globalization and the Call Center Industry: Imperialism, Hegemony or Cosmopolitanism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonntag, Selma K.

    2009-01-01

    Linguistic imperialism, linguistic hegemony and linguistic cosmopolitanism are broad and contrasting conceptualizations of linguistic globalization that are frequently, if implicitly, invoked in the literature, both academic and non-academic, on language practices and perceptions in the call center industry. I begin with outlining each of these…

  18. International Students: Constructions of Imperialism in the "Chronicle of Higher Education"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhee, Jeong-eun; Sagaria, Mary Ann Danowitz

    2004-01-01

    This article links colonial/neocolonial and feminist literature with discourses on international students to examine how a discourse of imperialism constructs and represents international students in U.S. universities. Applying a critical discourse analysis to 78 articles published in the "Chronicle of Higher Education" between 1996 and 1999, the…

  19. Greene/Feizi - U of Penn; Imperial College | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Principal Investigator: Mark Greene, MD, PhDInstitution: University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA Subcontract Principal Investigator: Ten Feizi, MD, FmedSciInstitution: Imperial College London Former Principal Investigator: Minoru Fukuda, PhD (retired)Institution: Sanford Burnham Medical Research Institute, La Jolla, CA |

  20. 77 FR 72968 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, for Imperial County, Placer County and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-07

    ... County and Ventura County Air Pollution Control Districts AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Direct final rule. SUMMARY: EPA is taking direct final action to approve revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD), Placer County Air Pollution Control...

  1. 76 FR 12280 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, for Imperial County, Kern County, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-07

    ... County, and Ventura County; Air Pollution Control Districts AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Direct final rule. SUMMARY: EPA is taking direct final action to approve revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD), Kern County Air Pollution Control District...

  2. 75 FR 27975 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan; Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-19

    ... Pollution Control District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD... Clean Air Act as amended in 1990 (CAA or the Act). We are taking comments on this proposal and plan...

  3. 76 FR 7142 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Pollution Control District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD... pollution sources. We are taking comments on this proposal and plan to follow with a final action....

  4. 76 FR 39303 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ... Pollution Control District, Kern County Air Pollution Control District, and Ventura County Air Pollution Control District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Direct final rule. SUMMARY: EPA is taking direct final action to approve revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

  5. 77 FR 25109 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... Pollution Control District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD...). We are taking comments on this proposal and plan to follow with a final action. DATES: Any...

  6. 78 FR 23677 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Imperial County Air Pollution Control...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... Pollution Control District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: EPA is finalizing approval of revisions to the Imperial County Air Pollution Control District (ICAPCD...) emissions from sources of fugitive dust such as unpaved roads and disturbed soils in open and...

  7. Temperature and precipitation effects on agrarian economy in late imperial China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei, Qing; Zhang, David D.; Li, Guodong; Forêt, Philippe; Lee, Harry F.

    2016-06-01

    Climate change has been statistically proven to substantially influence the economy of early modern Europe, particularly in the long term. However, a detailed analysis of climate change and the economy of historical China remains lacking, particularly from a large-scale and quantitative perspective. This study quantitatively analyzes the relationship between climate change and the economy in late imperial China (AD 1600-1840) at the national level. This study also compares the findings on the relationship between climate change and the economy in late imperial China with those in early modern Europe. Results of multivariate regression and Granger causality analyses indicate that (1) climate change induces economic fluctuations in late imperial China, particularly in the long term; (2) given that the economic center is located in South China during the study period, temperature has a greater influence on the economy than precipitation; (3) the population of China is statistically proven to primarily act as consumers in the long term; and (4) given the long-term role of the Chinese population, the economic vulnerability in late imperial China under climate change is further increased and is higher than that in early modern Europe, whose population mainly acts as producers in the long term. In conclusion, the late imperial Chinese society has a high economic vulnerability to climate change. These findings revisit Malthusian theory and ‘Great Divergence’ theory by including the perspective of economic vulnerability under climate change during the study period. The role of the population must be investigated further to address the socioeconomic vulnerabilities under climate change.

  8. Mass measurement of cooled neutron-deficient bismuth projectile fragments with time-resolved Schottky mass spectrometry at the FRS-ESR facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Litvinov, Yu.A.; Geissel, H. [Giessen Univ. (Germany); Radon, T. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (DE)] [and others

    2005-06-01

    Masses of 582 neutron-deficient nuclides (30{<=}Z{<=}85) were measured with time-resolved Schottky mass spectrometry at the FRS-ESR facility at GSI, 117 were used for calibration. The masses of 71 nuclides were obtained for the first time. A typical mass accuracy of 30 {mu}u was achieved. These data have entered the latest atomic mass evaluation. The mass determination of about 140 additional nuclides was possible via known energies (Q-values) of {alpha}-, {beta}-, or proton decays. The obtained results are compared with the results of other measurements. (orig.)

  9. How Neoliberal Imperialism is Expressed by Programming Strategies of Phoenix TV: A Critical Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuang Xie

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This project is a case study of Phoenix Television, which is a Hong Kong-based satellite TV network broadcasting to the global Chinese-speaking community, primarily to the mainland of China. In the theoretical framework of media imperialism and neoliberal imperialism, this study focuses on the programming strategies of Phoenix TV and examines how the global trend of neoliberalism, the Chinese government’s tight control of the media, and the sophisticated ownership of Phoenix TV intertwined to influence on its programming. The analysis of the format, content, naming, and scheduling reveals that US-inspired neoliberalism is expressed in the network’s programming strategies. This expression, in fact, is the balance that Phoenix found between the tension of global and Chinese interests, the tension between revenue making and public service, and the tension between Party-control and profit seeking.

  10. Seismic refraction investigation of the Salton Sea geothermal area, Imperial Valley, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Frith, R.B.

    1978-12-01

    Seven seismic refraction profiles and four long-distance refraction shots have been used to investigate the Salton Sea geothermal area. From these data, two models of the geothermal and adjacent area are proposed. Model 1 proposes a basement high within the geothermal area trending parallel to the axis of the Imperial Valley. Model 2 assumes a horizontal basement in the E-W direction, and proposes a seismic velocity gradient that increases the apparent basement velocity from east to west approximately 15% within the geothermal area. Both models propose basement dip of 3 degrees to the south, yielding a thickness of sediments of 6.6 km near Brawley, California, in the center of the Imperial Valley. Based on offsets inferred in the sedimentary seismic layers of the geothermal area, two NW-SE trending fault zones are proposed.

  11. Production Within and Beyond Imperial Boundaries: Goods, Exchange, and Power in Roman Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter S. Wells

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available After Rome had conquered much of temperate Europe, the administration directed the establishment of industries important to the maintenance of military and economic control of the new provinces. These included stone quarries, pottery manufactures, and metal industries. Recent research shows that much production was not as centralized as has been believed; diverse industrial sites throughout the provincial landscapes indicate a variety of arrangements for supplying the needs of the empire. In many instances, Roman production systems relied upon indigenous traditions of manufacturing. The provincial economies depended also upon materials collected and processed beyond the imperial frontiers. Analysis of Roman imports in Germany, Scandinavia, and eastern Europe, and of the contexts in which they occur, suggesta that goods produced outside of the empire played a major role in the imperial economy. These commercial links, over which Roman authorities had no effective control, contributed to substantial changes in economics and in social and political configurations in societies beyond the Roman frontier.

  12. THE ROLE OF BRAZIL IN LATIN AMERICA: A BRIEF REFLECTION OF THE BRAZILIAN SUB IMPERIALISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Teixeira Coutinho

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we intend to raise some conceptual propositions that help us understand the Brazilian role in Latin America and, start a debate on the contemporary Brazilian foreign policy and its practical applications in geopolitics inserted into the world economy. For that, we aim to explain the concept of “multiterritorialidade”, using the sub-imperialism thesis, by Ruy Mauro Marini, creating a dialogue with the concept of semi-periphery, formulated by Immanuel Wallerstein.

  13. Environmental assessmental, geothermal energy, Heber geothermal binary-cycle demonstration project: Imperial County, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-10-01

    The proposed design, construction, and operation of a commercial-scale (45 MWe net) binary-cycle geothermal demonstration power plant are described using the liquid-dominated geothermal resource at Heber, Imperial County, California. The following are included in the environmental assessment: a description of the affected environment, potential environmental consequences of the proposed action, mitigation measures and monitoring plans, possible future developmental activities at the Heber anomaly, and regulations and permit requirements. (MHR)

  14. Solving Man-Induced Large-Scale Conservation Problems: The Spanish Imperial Eagle and Power Lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-López, Pascual; Ferrer, Miguel; Madero, Agustín; Casado, Eva; McGrady, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Background Man-induced mortality of birds caused by electrocution with poorly-designed pylons and power lines has been reported to be an important mortality factor that could become a major cause of population decline of one of the world rarest raptors, the Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti). Consequently it has resulted in an increasing awareness of this problem amongst land managers and the public at large, as well as increased research into the distribution of electrocution events and likely mitigation measures. Methodology/Principal Findings We provide information of how mitigation measures implemented on a regional level under the conservation program of the Spanish imperial eagle have resulted in a positive shift of demographic trends in Spain. A 35 years temporal data set (1974–2009) on mortality of Spanish imperial eagle was recorded, including population censuses, and data on electrocution and non-electrocution of birds. Additional information was obtained from 32 radio-tracked young eagles and specific field surveys. Data were divided into two periods, before and after the approval of a regional regulation of power line design in 1990 which established mandatory rules aimed at minimizing or eliminating the negative impacts of power lines facilities on avian populations. Our results show how population size and the average annual percentage of population change have increased between the two periods, whereas the number of electrocuted birds has been reduced in spite of the continuous growing of the wiring network. Conclusions Our results demonstrate that solving bird electrocution is an affordable problem if political interest is shown and financial investment is made. The combination of an adequate spatial planning with a sustainable development of human infrastructures will contribute positively to the conservation of the Spanish imperial eagle and may underpin population growth and range expansion, with positive side effects on other endangered

  15. Imperial County geothermal development. Quarterly report, April 1-June 30, 1982

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1982-06-30

    The activities of the Geothermal Office during the quarter are discussed, including: important geothermal events, geothermal waste disposal, a grant award by the California Energy Commission, the geothermal development meeting, and the current status of geothermal development in Imperial County. Activities of the Geothermal Planner are addressed, including permits, processing of EIR's, and other planning activities. Progress on the direct heat study is reported.

  16. Motivations and experiences of museum visitors: The case of the Imperial War Museum, United Kingdom

    OpenAIRE

    Powell, Raymond; Kokkranikal, Jithendran

    2015-01-01

    This study explores motivations of visitors to the Imperial War Museum (North and South), United Kingdom, with a view to understanding why people visit museums associated with conflicts. Though museums are part of the education and leisure industry, the distinction between education and leisure is often blurred. There are a number of reasons why people visit museums. Motives of museum visitors can be grouped into intrinsic and extrinsic factors. This study analysed the extent to which museum ...

  17. Reflection of reading Three Women’s Texts and a Critique of Imperialism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锐

    2012-01-01

    The author Spivak examines three women’s texts: Jane Eyre, Wide Sargasso Sea and Frankenstein. After comparison of these three texts, we will find that there is something common in these three works——something unspoken. In Spivak’s point of view, it is not only about the theme of western culture, but also about the imperialism imposed upon the third world.

  18. UFUS-Imperial: nova cultivar de soja para o Estado de Mato Grosso UFUS-Imperial: new soybean cultivar for the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Toshiyuki Hamawaki

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A fim de ampliar as opções ao cultivo da soja, a Universidade Federal de Uberlândia lançou a cultivar UFUS-Imperial, proveniente do cruzamento entre (Msoy 8411xMsoy 8914 x (Emgopa 313xTucano. A cultivar apresentou resistência ao acamamento, à deiscência da vagem e aos patógenos: Fusarium solani, Cercospora sojina, Peronospora manshurica, Xanthomonas campestris pv. glycines e Diaporthe phaseolorum f.sp. meridionalis, e resistência parcial a Septoria glycines, Erysiphe diffusa e Phakopsora pachyrhizi. O rendimento dessa cultivar, em ensaios regionais, foi 45% superior ao da testemunha Msoy 6101, e é indicada para o Estado de Mato Grosso.With the purpose of offering new options for soybean production, the Universidade Federal de Uberlândia released the cultivar UFUS-Imperial, originated from the crosses between (Msoy 8411xMsoy 8914 x (Emgopa 313xTucano. It showed resistance to lodging, to pod shattering, and to the pathogens Fusarium solani, Cercospora sojina, Peronospora manshurica, Xanthomonas campestris pv. glycines and Diaporthe phaseolorum f.sp. meridionalis, and partial resistance to Septoria glycines, Erysiphe diffusa, and Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Its average yield from uniform trials was 45% higher than that of the control Msoy 6101, and it is indicated for cultivation in the State of Mato Grosso.

  19. Religious Education in Russia: Inter-Faith Harmony or Neo-Imperial Toleration?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Lisovskaya

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the approach to religious education that has been instituted in Russia since 2012. The new policy’s manifestly proclaimed goals seem convergent with the values of religious freedom, self-determination, tolerance, and inter-faith peace that are espoused by Western liberal democracies. Yet Russia’s hidden religious education curriculum is far more consistent with a neo-imperial model of ethno-religious (Russian Orthodox hegemony and limited toleration of selected, other faiths whose reach is restricted to politically peripheral ethno-territorial entities. This model embodies and revitalizes Russia’s imperial legacies. Yet the revitalization is, in itself, an outcome of strategic choices made by the country’s religious and secular elites in the course of its desecularization. Building on discourse analysis of five Russian textbooks and a teacher’s manual, this article shows how the neo-imperial model manifests itself in the suppression of exogenous and endogenous pluralism, cultivation of the ideology of “ethnodoxy”, and in essentially imperialist mythology. The paper concludes by predicting the new model’s potential instability.

  20. Potential effects of geothermal energy conversion on Imperial Valley ecosystems. [Seven workshop presentations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shinn, J.H. (ed.)

    1976-12-17

    This workshop on potential effcts of geothermal energy conversion on the ecology of Imperial Valley brought together personnel of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory and many collaborators under the sponsorship of the ERDA Imperial Valley Environmental Project (IVEP). The LLL Integrated Assessment Team identified the electric power potential and its associated effluents, discharges, subsidence, water requirements, land use, and noise. The Working Groups addressed the ecological problems. Water resource management problems include forces on water use, irrigation methods and water use for crops, water production, and water allocation. Agricultural problems are the contamination of edible crops and the reclamation of soil. A strategy is discussed for predevelopment baseline data and for identification of source term tracers. Wildlife resources might be threatened by habitat destruction, powerline impacts, noise and disturbance effects, gas emissions, and secondary impacts such as population pressure. Aquatic ecosystems in both the Salton Sea and fresh waters have potential hazards of salinity and trace metal effects, as well as existing stresses; baseline and bioassay studies are discussed. Problems from air pollution resulting from geothermal resource development might occur, particularly to vegetation and pollinator insects. Conversion of injury data to predicted economic damage isneeded. Finally, Imperial Valley desert ecosystems might be threatened by destruction of habitat and the possible effects on community structure such as those resulting from brine spills.

  1. Religious Education in Russia: Inter-Faith Harmony or Neo-Imperial Toleration?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Lisovskaya

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the approach to religious education that has been instituted in Russia since 2012. The new policy’s manifestly proclaimed goals seem convergent with the values of religious freedom, self-determination, tolerance, and inter-faith peace that are espoused by Western liberal democracies. Yet Russia’s hidden religious education curriculum is far more consistent with a neo-imperial model of ethno-religious (Russian Orthodox hegemony and limited toleration of selected, other faiths whose reach is restricted to politically peripheral ethno-territorial entities. This model embodies and revitalizes Russia’s imperial legacies. Yet the revitalization is, in itself, an outcome of strategic choices made by the country’s religious and secular elites in the course of its desecularization. Building on discourse analysis of five Russian textbooks and a teacher’s manual, this article shows how the neo-imperial model manifests itself in the suppression of exogenous and endogenous pluralism, cultivation of the ideology of “ethnodoxy”, and in essentially imperialist mythology. The paper concludes by predicting the new model’s potential instability.

  2. 林则徐与科举%Lin Zexu And Imperial Examination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张媛媛

    2012-01-01

    Lin Zexu plays a decisive role in modern history, and in the imperial examinations, he also occupies a space. As the examination official, he reformed some of the disadvantages in imperial examination, and made some achievements. By the study of the relationship between Lin Zexu and the imperial examination , we can get some enlightenment.%林则徐是中国近代史上举足轻重的人物,在科举史上同样占有一席之地。在家庭以及社会的影响下林则徐走上了科举之路,并最终金榜题名。作为科考试官他公正衡文、选拔真才,并在江南乡试期间改革科场弊端,取得了一定成效。林则徐提倡“经世致用”,并且贯彻于书院教育和科举考试之中,以期士子能关注社会现实,解决社会实际问题。通过考察林则徐与科举的关系,试图从中得到一些启示。

  3. The Empire Bites Back: Sherlock Holmes as an Imperial Immune System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Otis

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Trained as a physician in the bacteriological age, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle created a detective-hero who acts both like a masterful bacteriologist and an imperial immune system. Doyle's experiences as a doctor in South Africa taught him that the colonies' microbes were his Empire's worst enemy. In 1890, Doyle visited Berlin, where Robert Koch was testing a "cure" for tuberculosis, and in Doyle's subsequent character sketch of Koch, the scientist sounds remarkably like Sherlock Holmes. Based on Doyle's medical instructor Joe Bell, Holmes shares Koch's relentless drive to hunt down and unmask tiny invaders. Imperialism, by the 1880s, had opened Europe to the peoples, cultures, and diseases of the lands it claimed. Holmes plays a defensive role, as an imperial intelligence network to detect foreigners "passing" in British society. The revenge, blackmail, and counterfeiting around which the Holmes stories are built reflect readers' anxieties about infiltration, about punishment for their colonial theft, and about the legitimacy of their own identity in a socio-economic system built on contradictions. Holmes thus responds to conflicting social demands, exposing interlopers who mimic traditional signs of respectability, and protecting "respectable" citizens from the consequences of their colonial crimes.

  4. Cultural imperialism or ”soft imperial power” in the XXIst century global order1 (Imperialismul cultural sau „puterea imperială soft” în ordinea globală a secolului XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mădălina Virginia ANTONESCU

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Although some of the authors of the relevant literature believe that the phrase “cultural imperialism” is a subtle, “soft” form of domination, which does not involve an open, visible or military political control (in realistic terms, other scholars maintain that this is one of the methods most commonly used by imperial policy in today’s globalist age. The connection of this term with paradigms such as “the clash of civilisations”, “the end of history” or “complex interdependencies” provides a multi-layered perspective on the postmodern world at the beginning of 21st century, a world where soft power is exercised at global, regional, transnational or infra-local level, within an economic, social and cultural framework that has not yet been regulated as such by the classical institutions of the Westphalian order.

  5. Population Structure of the Raccoon Dog on the Grounds of the Imperial Palace, Tokyo, Revealed by Microsatellite Analysis of Fecal DNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Wataru; Amaike, Yosuke; Sako, Takako; Kaneko, Yayoi; Masuda, Ryuichi

    2016-10-01

    The raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides, Canidae, Carnivora) is highly adaptable to urban environments. Populations of carnivorans inhabiting urban areas sometimes differ ecologically and genetically from those in rural areas. However, there is little information on urban raccoon dogs. This study focused on raccoon dog populations in Tokyo, one of the most highly urbanized cities in the world. We examined the genotypes of 10 microsatellites for 101 fecal samples from raccoon dogs inhabiting the grounds of the Imperial Palace, a green space in central Tokyo. We successfully genotyped 58 samples originating from 31 individuals. We also analyzed muscle tissue samples from raccoon dogs from the grounds of the Imperial Palace, the Akasaka Imperial Grounds (a green space close to the Imperial Palace), and the surrounding urban area, and then investigated the genetic structure and diversity of these populations, and the genetic differentiation among them. The population on the grounds of the Imperial Palace was genetically differentiated from that in the Akasaka Imperial Grounds, suggesting that the roads and buildings act as barriers to gene flow. In addition, the population on the grounds of the Imperial Palace showed greater genetic difference from that in the surrounding area than that in the Akasaka Imperial Grounds. We speculate that the moats around the Imperial Palace restrict individual ranges within the palace grounds and limit migration and gene flow to other areas.

  6. The Honourable Lawrence Gonzi Prime Minister of Malta visiting CMS experiment on 10 January 2008, from left to right Ministry of Finance Permanent Secretary A. Camilleri, Ambassador V. Camilleri, Maltese Representative at CERN N. Sammut, Prime Minister L. Gonzi, CMS Collaboration Spokesperson T. Virdee, CERN Director-General R. Aymar, University of Malta Rector J. Camilleri, Adviser to Director-General E. Tsesmelis.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    The Honourable Lawrence Gonzi Prime Minister of Malta visiting CMS experiment on 10 January 2008, from left to right Ministry of Finance Permanent Secretary A. Camilleri, Ambassador V. Camilleri, Maltese Representative at CERN N. Sammut, Prime Minister L. Gonzi, CMS Collaboration Spokesperson T. Virdee, CERN Director-General R. Aymar, University of Malta Rector J. Camilleri, Adviser to Director-General E. Tsesmelis.

  7. Professor Bakytzhan Abdiraiym Rector of the L. Gumilov Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan accompanied by Prof. Kairat Kuterbekov, Dr Bekzat Prmantayeva, Dr Kuralay Maksut with the Director-General, Dr Tadeusz Kurtyka, Adviser for Non-Member States, Mrs Julia Andreeva, Department of Information Technologies and Dr Nikolai Zimine, ATLAS Collaboration, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    Professor Bakytzhan Abdiraiym Rector of the L. Gumilov Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan accompanied by Prof. Kairat Kuterbekov, Dr Bekzat Prmantayeva, Dr Kuralay Maksut with the Director-General, Dr Tadeusz Kurtyka, Adviser for Non-Member States, Mrs Julia Andreeva, Department of Information Technologies and Dr Nikolai Zimine, ATLAS Collaboration, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna

  8. 27 November 2014 - Warsaw University of Technology (PL) Vice-Rector for Research R. Bacewicz visitng the ALICE control room and undergorund experimental area with WUT students, accompanied by A. Charkiewicz and A. Siemko; joint signature ceremony with HNINP Director-General M. Jezabek

    CERN Multimedia

    Guillaume, Jeanneret

    2014-01-01

    CERN-PHOTO-201411-245-95: from left to right: Professor D.Sc.Ph.D. Rajmund Bacewicz, Vice-Rector for Research, Warsaw University of Technology, CERN Director-General R. Heuer and Prof. Marek Jeżabek, Director-General, Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Republic of Poland

  9. 24 May 2013 - Rector of the Polish Stanislaw Staszic AGH University of Science and Technology T. Slomka in the LHC tunnel at Point 8 with Senior Polish Staff Member A. Siemko, in LHCb experimental cavern with LHCb Collaboration Spokesperson P. Campana and signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer. Adviser for Eastern Europe T. Kurtyka present.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2013-01-01

    24 May 2013 - Rector of the Polish Stanislaw Staszic AGH University of Science and Technology T. Slomka in the LHC tunnel at Point 8 with Senior Polish Staff Member A. Siemko, in LHCb experimental cavern with LHCb Collaboration Spokesperson P. Campana and signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer. Adviser for Eastern Europe T. Kurtyka present.

  10. 30 January 2012 - Danish National Research Foundation Chairman of board K. Bock and University of Copenhagen Rector R. Hemmingsen visiting ATLAS underground experimental area, CERN Control Centre and ALICE underground experimental area, throughout accompanied by J. Dines Hansen and B. Svane Nielsen; signing the guest book with CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci and Head of International Relations F. Pauss.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    30 January 2012 - Danish National Research Foundation Chairman of board K. Bock and University of Copenhagen Rector R. Hemmingsen visiting ATLAS underground experimental area, CERN Control Centre and ALICE underground experimental area, throughout accompanied by J. Dines Hansen and B. Svane Nielsen; signing the guest book with CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci and Head of International Relations F. Pauss.

  11. Comprensión lectora en la formación inicial docente: estudiantes de educación general básica en una universidad del Consejo de Rectores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Maldonado Fuentes

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo entrega los resultados obtenidos del estudio sobre el logro de la habilidad de comprensión lectora, en estudiantes de Formación Inicial Docente de la carrera de Pedagogía en Educación General Básica de una universidad del Consejo de Rectores.El presente artículo entrega los resultados obtenidos del estudio sobre el logro de la habilidad de comprensión lectora, en estudiantes de Formación Inicial Docente de la carrera de Pedagogía en Educación General Básic de una universidad del Consejo de Rectores en función de la descripción de niveles de logro explicitad en los Mapas de Progreso del Aprendizaje (MINEDUC, 2007a. El estudio parte tipificando las habilidades y variables asociadas a la comprensión lectora descritas en el documento oficial del Ministerio de Educación de Chile, ";;Mapas de Progreso del Aprendizaje: Sector Lenguaje y Comunicación, Mapa de Progreso de Lectura ";; (Ministerio de Educación de Chile, 2007a. A partir de lo anterior, se construyó y validó un instrumento de evaluación, para luego determinar los niveles de porcentaje general de logro y, en particular, los logros en las habilidades medidas en dos grupos de estudiantes con diferencia de un año de estudios universitarios. Finalmente, se comparó el rendimiento de los mismos estudiantes en tiempos distintos en una submuestra. El principal resultado encontrado es la no existencia de diferencia significativa en las habilidades de comprensión lectora, entre estudiantes con dos o tres años de Formación Inicial Docente en la carrera estudiada.

  12. FLUCTUACIONES ECONÓMICAS EN LA AMPURIAS ROMANA DE ÉPOCA ALTO-IMPERIAL (Economic fluctuations in Roman Ampurias during early imperial times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascual Izquierdo-Egea

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available La aplicación del método de valoración contextual al análisis del gasto funerario en la Ampurias romana de época alto-imperial, ha evidenciado la enorme utilidad de esta herramienta en la reconstrucción económica y social del pasado de esta ciudad. Se han aislado las diversas fluctuaciones económicas registradas en los ajuares de las tumbas, desde la época de Augusto hasta la primera mitad del siglo II de nuestra era, confirmando lo que ya apuntaban las fuentes literarias y arrojando más luz sobre la naturaleza de tales cambios. También se han detectado crisis tan relevantes como la de tiempos de Tiberio y oscilaciones monetarias. Todo ello viene a probar la extraordinaria importancia de esta metodología para ampliar nuestro conocimiento objetivo de la sociedad romana y de muchas otras civilizaciones y pueblos de la antigüedad. ENGLISH: The application of a contextual appraisal method to the analysis of funerary expense in early imperial Roman Ampurias, has shown the enormous utility of this tool for the economic and social reconstruction of the history of this city. Various economic fluctuations have been documented in the record of grave goods, from the time of Augustus to the first half of the second century AD, confirming information already indicated by literary sources and shedding more light on the nature of these changes. Economic crises were identified, including some as significant as those experienced during the Tiberius period, as well as currency fluctuations. This serves to demonstrate the extraordinary importance of the contextual approach to expand not only our knowledge of Roman society, but also of many other civilizations and peoples of antiquity.

  13. Discovery and cross-section measurement of neutron-rich isotopes in the element range from neodymium to platinum with the FRS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurcewicz, J., E-mail: j.kurcewicz@gsi.de [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Farinon, F.; Geissel, H. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, 35392 Giessen (Germany); Pietri, S.; Nociforo, C. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Prochazka, A. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, 35392 Giessen (Germany); Weick, H.; Winfield, J.S. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Estrade, A. [GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Astronomy and Physics Department, Saint Mary' s University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 3C3 (Canada); Allegro, P.R.P. [Institute of Physics, Universidade de Sao Paulo, CEP 05508-090 Cidade Universitaria, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Bail, A.; Belier, G. [CEA DAM DiF, 91290 Arpajon Cedex (France); Benlliure, J. [Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, E-15706 Santiago de Compostella (Spain); Benzoni, G. [INFN sezione di Milano, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Bunce, M.; Bowry, M. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Caballero-Folch, R. [Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, 08034 Barcelona (Spain); and others

    2012-10-31

    Using the high-resolution performance of the fragment separator FRS at GSI we have discovered 60 new neutron-rich isotopes in the atomic number range of 60 Less-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To Z Less-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To 78. The new isotopes were unambiguously identified in reactions with a {sup 238}U beam impinging on a Be target at 1 GeV/nucleon. The production cross-section for the new isotopes have been measured down to the pico-barn level and compared with predictions of different model calculations. For elements above hafnium fragmentation is the dominant reaction mechanism which creates the new isotopes, whereas fission plays a dominant role for the production of the new isotopes up to thulium.

  14. $\\beta$-decay and $\\beta$-delayed Neutron Emission Measurements at GSI-FRS Beyond N=126, for r-process Nucleosynthesis

    CERN Document Server

    Caballero-Folch, R; Cortès, G; Taín, J L; Agramunt, J; Algora, A; Ameil, F; Ayyad, Y; Benlliure, J; Bowry, M; Calviño, F; Cano-Ott, D; Davinson, T; Dillmann, I; Estrade, A; Evdokimov, A; Faestermann, T; Farinon, F; Galaviz, D; García-Ríos, A; Geissel, H; Gelletly, W; Gernhäuser, R; Gómez-Hornillos, M B; Guerrero, C; Heil, M; Hinke, C; Knöbel, R; Kojouharov, I; Kurcewicz, J; Kurz, N; Litvinov, Y; Maier, L; Marganiec, J; Marta, M; Martínez, T; Montes, F; Mukha, I; Napoli, D R; Nociforo, C; Paradela, C; Pietri, S; Podolyák, Zs; Prochazka, A; Rice, S; Riego, A; Rubio, B; Schaffner, H; Scheidenberger, C; Smith, K; Sokol, E; Steiger, K; Sun, B; Takechi, M; Testov, D; Weick, H; Wilson, E; Winfield, J S; Wood, R; Woods, P J; Yeremin, A

    2014-01-01

    New measurements of very exotic nuclei in the neutron-rich region beyond N=126 have been performed at the GSI facility with the fragment separator (FRS). The aim of the experiment is to determine half-lives and beta-delayed neutron emission branching ratios of isotopes of Hg, Tl and Pb in this region. This contribution summarizes final counting statistics for identification and for implantation, as well as the present status of the data analysis of the half-lives. In summary, isotopes of Pt, Au, Hg, Ti, Pb, Bi, Po, At, Rn and Fr were clearly identified and several of them (Hg208-211, Tl211-215, Pb214-218) were implanted with enough statistics to determine their half-lives. About half of them are expected to be neutron emitters, in such cases it will become possible to obtain the neutron emission probabilities, P-n.

  15. Online commissioning of a multiple-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometer (MR-ToF-MS) at the FRS ion catcher

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ebert, Jens; Jesch, Christian; Lang, Johannes; Reiter, Moritz P. [JLU Giessen (Germany); Dickel, Timo; Plass, Wolfgang R.; Geissel, Hans; Haettner, Emma; Knoebel, Ronja; Scheidenberger, Christoph [JLU Giessen (Germany); GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Ayet, Samuel; Estrade, Alfredo; Farinon, Fabio; Kurcewicz, Jan; Nociforo, Chiara; Pietri, Stephane; Prochazka, Andrej; Purushothaman, Sivaji; Takechi, Maya; Winfield, John; Weick, Helmut [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Dendooven, Peter; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, Nasser; Ranjan, Manisha [KVI, University of Groningen (Netherlands); Moore, Iain; Rinta-Antila, Sami [University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland); Yavor, Mikhail I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

    2012-07-01

    A MR-TOF-MS covers a wide field of applications, from ultra high-resolution and broad band mass measurements to isobar separation. To enhance the performance of our MR-TOF-MS several important improvements have been implemented. Such as a new detector system, that opens further application areas like decay-spectroscopy of isobarically clean beams. Online commissioning of the MR-TOF-MS has been performed using radioactive nuclei at the FRS Ion Catcher. The ions were stopped in a novel cryogenic stopping cell and the MR-TOF-MS was used for performance investigation of the stopping cell. Results of the improvements and the online measurements will be presented as well as future perspectives.

  16. Evaluación de habilidades en matemática y comprensión lectora en estudiantes que ingresan a pedagogía en educación básica: un estudio comparativo en dos universidades del Consejo de Rectores Math reasoning and reading comprehension skills assessment of entrant students from the primary school teaching program: a comparative study in two universities of the Council of Rectors (CRUCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Rodrigo Sandoval Rubilar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta los resultados de la evaluación realizada a estudiantes que ingresan a la carrera de Pedagogía en Educación General Básica, de dos instituciones universitarias regionales pertenecientes al Consejo de Rectores en Chile, en habilidades de razonamiento y conocimiento matemático y comprensión lectora. Corresponde a una evaluación diagnóstica de tipo descriptiva y comparativa de corte transversal, a una población compuesta por 80 alumnos, a quienes se les aplicó instrumentos debidamente validados con un Alfa de Cronbach α=0.82 en Matemática y de α=0.64 en Comprensión Lectora. Para el análisis de la información, se utilizaron métodos descriptivos univariados y multivariados. Los resultados evidencian, en general, un dominio descendido en ambas habilidades o por debajo de lo esperado al ingreso de la Educación Superior, especialmente en las habilidades matemáticas.Based on a comparative cross-assessment diagnosis conducted in two Council of Rectors (CRUCH universities in southern Chile in 2009, this paper shows the results of Math reasoning and reading comprehension skills assessment of entrant students from the Primary School Teaching Program. Data for this paper comes from a test with Cronbach's Alpha reliability of 0,82 in Math and 0,64 in Reading Comprehension, which was applied to a sample of 80 students. Data analysis required one-variable and multivariable descriptive methods and the results dramatically showed either a low command of both skills or far lower than expected performance for entrant students from the Primary School Teaching Program, especially in Maths.

  17. MiR-4653-3p and its target gene FRS2 are prognostic biomarkers for hormone receptor positive breast cancer patients receiving tamoxifen as adjuvant endocrine therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, XiaoRong; Xie, GuiQin; Zhang, Zhang; Wang, Zhu; Wang, Yu; Wang, YanPing; Qiu, Yan; Li, Li; Bu, Hong; Li, JiaYuan; Zheng, Hong

    2016-09-20

    Long-term tamoxifen treatment significantly improves the survival of hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancer (BC) patients. However, tamoxifen resistance remains a challenge. We aimed to identify prognostic biomarkers for tamoxifen resistance and reveal the underlying mechanism. From March 2001 to September 2013, 400 HR+ BC women (stage I~III) were treated with adjuvant tamoxifen for 5 years or until relapse in West China Hospital. We included a discovery set of 6 patients who were refractory to tamoxifen, and a validation cohort of 88 patients including 35 cases with relapse. In the discovery set, microRNA microarray showed that miR-4653-3p decreased in recurrent/metastatic lesions compared to the matched primary lesions. In the validation cohort, real-time RT-PCR demonstrated that, following tamoxifen treatment, miR-4653-3p overexpression in the primary tumors decreased the risk of relapse (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 0.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.05~0.57, P = 0.004). Conversely, high expression of FRS2, the key adaptor protein required by FGFR signaling, predicted poor disease-free survival (DFS) (adjusted HR = 2.70, 95% CI = 1.11~6.56, P = 0.03). MiR-4653-3p down regulated FRS2 by binding to its 3' untranslated region. Either overexpressing miR-4653-3p or attenuating FRS2 expression could restore TAM sensitivity in two tamoxifen-resistant BC cell lines. In conclusion, high miR-4653-3p level was the potential predictor for favorable DFS, while FRS2 overexpression was potential high-risk factor for relapse in HR+ BC patients receiving TAM adjuvant therapy. FGFR/FRS2 signaling might be a promising target for reversing tamoxifen resistance.

  18. Efficiency and rate capability studies of the time-of-flight detector for isochronous mass measurements of stored short-lived nuclei with the FRS-ESR facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuzminchuk-Feuerstein, Natalia; Fabian, Benjamin [II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität, 35392 Gießen (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Diwisch, Marcel [II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität, 35392 Gießen (Germany); Plaß, Wolfgang R., E-mail: Wolfgang.R.Plass@exp2.physik.uni-giessen.de [II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität, 35392 Gießen (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Geissel, Hans; Ayet San Andrés, Samuel; Dickel, Timo; Knöbel, Ronja; Scheidenberger, Christoph [II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität, 35392 Gießen (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Sun, Baohua [II. Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität, 35392 Gießen (Germany); Weick, Helmut [GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2016-06-11

    A time-of-flight (TOF) detector is used for Isochronous Mass Spectrometry (IMS) with the projectile fragment separator FRS and the heavy-ion storage ring ESR. Exotic nuclei are spatially separated in flight with the FRS at about 70% of the speed of light and are injected into the ESR. The revolution times of the stored ions circulating in the ESR are measured with a thin transmission foil detector. When the ions penetrate the thin detector foil, secondary electrons (SEs) are emitted from the surface and provide the timing information in combination with microchannel plate (MCP) detectors. The isochronous transport of the SEs is performed by perpendicular superimposed electric and magnetic fields. The detection efficiency and the rate capability of the TOF detector have been studied in simulations and experiments. As a result the performance of the TOF detector has been improved substantially: (i) The SE collection efficiency was doubled by use of an optimized set of electric and magnetic field values; now SEs from almost the full area of the foil are transmitted to the MCP detectors. (ii) The rate capability of the TOF detector was improved by a factor of four by the use of MCPs with 5 μm pore size. (iii) With these MCPs and a carbon foil with a reduced thickness of 10 μg/cm{sup 2} the number of recorded revolutions in the ESR has been increased by nearly a factor of 10. The number of recorded revolutions determine the precision of the IMS experiments. Heavy-ion measurements were performed with neon ions at 322 MeV/u and uranium fission fragments at about 370 MeV/u. In addition, measurements with an alpha source were performed in the laboratory with a duplicate of the TOF detector.

  19. [Academic presentation of neurology and psychiatry of Keijo Imperial University at annual meetings].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanekawa, Hideo

    2012-01-01

    The origin of Keijo Imperial University, Medical School, Psychiatry course, and presentation at the Annual Meetings of the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology and The Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology were investigated from its establishment to 1945. Keijo was the name used for the capital city of Korea, Seoul, when Korea was under Japanese rule. We believe the Keijo Imperial University evolved out of the Governor-General of Korea Hospital and Keijo Medical Professional School. The first Professor at the University was Shinji Suitsu, who studied under Shuzo Kure. He visited Shizuoka prefecture when he collaborated in Kure's "Actual situation and statistical observation on home custody of mental patients" (1918). This was confirmed by photographic materials from this time. The year after the visit to Shizuoka, Suitsu was sent to the Korean Peninsula. In 1913, Suitsu established the Department of Psychiatry at the Governor-General of Korea Hospital, and the institution had 500 tsubo (approximately 1,650 m2) of land within Keijo (Seoul), with floor space of 160 tsubo (approximately 528 m2) and 24 beds. Treatments were performed by Suitsu, an assistant, and 8-9 nurses. The number of hospitalized patients was 30-50 patients per year. Cells had floor heating. Keijo Imperial University was established in 1924, and was called Jodai. In 1925, Suitsu retired from his Professorship of Psychiatry at Keijo Medical Professional School. Suitsu was from Kyoto Imperial University, and had studied abroad. In 1925, Suitsu's father-in-law, and a long-time friend of Shuzo Kure, Seiji Yamane, passed away. The professor who took up the position after Suitsu was Kiyoji Kubo, who was originally supposed to go to Hokkaido Imperial University. When the medical school was established at Keijo Imperial University in 1926, Kubo was offered a professorship there. Jodai was under the jurisdiction of the Governor-General of Korea, and not the Ministry of Education. Later

  20. Patterns of geothermal lease acquisition in the Imperial Valley: 1958--1974

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sullivan, M.; McDougal, S.; Van Huntley, F.

    1974-08-01

    Patterns for the development of geothermal resources in the Imperial Valley are analyzed, with particular consideration of corporate behavior in geothermal development. Actions of the companies were examined over a period of time to discover patterns of involvement, investment, and likelihood of further development. Discussion is presented under the following section headings: research organization; legal aspects; characteristics of development; location of geothermal leases; analysis of major leaseholders; and findings and conclusions. The addendum is entitled Federal Land Lease Sales: An analysis in terms of Lease Acquisition Patterns. The three appendices are: research methodology; a methodological note on the maps; and exploratory drilling sites. (JGB)

  1. Your name is not good enough: introducing the ORCID researcher identifier at Imperial College London

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torsten Reimer

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The ORCID researcher identifier ensures that research outputs can always reliably be traced back to their authors. ORCID also makes it possible to automate the sharing of research information, thereby increasing data quality, reducing duplication of effort for academics and saving institutions money. In 2014, Imperial College London created ORCID identifiers (iDs for academic and research staff. This article discusses the implementation project in the context of the role of ORCID in the global scholarly communications system. It shows how ORCID can be used to automate reporting, help with research data publication and support open access (OA.

  2. The Entangled Sovereignties of Air Police: Mapping the Boundary of the International and the Imperial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munro, Campbell Alexander Omoluaye

    2015-01-01

    above,’ yet this designation obfuscates the concomitant occupation of airspaces entailed by drones and other aerial technologies. Such occupations constitute an assertion of jurisdiction in nominally sovereign airspaces authorised by latent imperial legality. The history of air policing reveals......The contemporary proliferation of drones and other forms of aerial interventions herald the (re)emergence of air policing as the principal modality for the fabrication of order in the global periphery. Air policing is predomi- nantly framed by international legal analysis as merely ‘killing from...

  3. The Imperial Congress and Frontier Stability: the Case of Iraq, 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank H. Wallis

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo examinará el interés del Congreso de los Estados Unidos de América, durante las administraciones de Clinton y Bush II, con respecto a los problemas asociados del petróleo y de Sadam Hussein, demostrando una pauta de conducta de una élite dominante a favor de un mercado del petróleo estable y de un Golfo Pérsico ordenado de acuerdo a los intereses del gobierno de los Estados Unidos. En los comienzos de 2003 el Congreso mostraría cuan ansioso estaba de de abrazar la política de estabilización imperial de Bush II, concediendo dinero, mandando tropas, declarando la guerra y repeliendo una imaginaria invasión. El Congreso alcanzó un consenso durante las eras de Clinton y Bush II, a pesar de unos pocos disidentes, acerca de que Saddam estaba en el camino del progreso de América y de un petróleo a precio razonable. Un Congreso cómplice de esta actitud imperial votó a favor de la invasión de Iraq y de la sustitución de su gobierno y estructura socio-política, estabilizando esta lucrativa nueva frontera, absorbiéndola dentro del imperio corporativista estadounidense._______________________ABSTRACT:This article will examine United States congressional interest, over the course of the Clinton and Bush II administrations, in the associated problems of oil and Saddam Hussein, demonstrating a ruling elite bias in favor of a stable oil market and a stable Persian Gulf imposed by the U.S. government (USG. In the run up to 2003 Congress would show how eager it was to embrace the imperial stabilization policy of Bush II, borrow money, raise troops, declare war, and repel an imagined invasion. Congress reached a consensus over the Clinton and Bush II eras, despite a few dissenters, that Saddam was in the way of American progress and affordable oil. A compliant imperial Congress voted to invade Iraq and replace its entire government and socio-political structure, stabilizing this lucrative new frontier, absorbing it into the U

  4. Assessment of geothermal development in the Imperial Valley of California. Volume 1. Environment, health, and socioeconomics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Layton, D. (ed.)

    1980-07-01

    Utilization of the Imperial Valley's geothermal resources to support energy production could be hindered if environmental impacts prove to be unacceptable or if geothermal operations are incompatible with agriculture. To address these concerns, an integrated environmental and socioeconomic assessment of energy production in the valley was prepared. The most important impacts examined in the assessment involved air quality changes resulting from emissions of hydrogen sulfide, and increases in the salinity of the Salton Sea resulting from the use of agricultural waste waters for power plant cooling. The socioeconomics consequences of future geothermal development will generally be beneficial. (MHR)

  5. Exploring imperial expansion using an isotopic analysis of paleodietary and paleomobility indicators in Chachapoyas, Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toyne, J Marla; Church, Warren B; Luis Coronado Tello, Jose; Morales Gamarra, Ricardo

    2017-01-01

    Inca imperial strategies of political and territorial expansion varied across conquered regions depending on local ecology and cultural resistance, and Chachapoya peoples in Peru's forested northeastern Andes were renowned for their rebellions against the invaders. The cliff tombs of Los Pinchudos (AD 1470-1535) present opportunities to use stable isotopes to: (1) explore dietary and mobility patterns from a mortuary community interred at a site attributed to the poorly-known Chachapoya culture during the period of Inca domination, and (2) explore the origins of the individuals as either local or foreign (Inca). Using biochemical tracers, we can help resolve the impact of foreign influence and changes in population and social structure during imperial occupation. While it is difficult to reconstruct individual life histories from incomplete skeletons, stable isotopic analysis of multiple skeletal tissues provides a direct means of characterizing diet and residential mobility. Values of stable carbon (δ(13) C), nitrogen (δ(15) N), and oxygen isotope (δ(18) O) ratios were determined in bone and dentine collagen and bone and enamel carbonate from 28 samples (11 paired tissues) from males, females, and juveniles from Los Pinchudos. Dietary signatures are consistent with a mixed but more C3 -based plant and protein-based diet with moderate proportions of terrestrial animals. Oxygen isotopic values demonstrate limited variation between paired tissues, with a few possible nonlocal individuals buried in one particular tomb at the site. Compared to other Andean areas that underwent imperial domination, these data do not demonstrate expected dietary shifts. These are the first isotopic data from a Chachapoya site and our research shows evidence for minimal non-local presence in this commingled burial assemblage. The regional diet reconstructed at Los Pinchudos (2850 masl) focused on resources of higher altitude tuber crops, beans, and grains (C3 ) and terrestrial protein

  6. Study of the influential leaders, power structure, community decisions, and geothermal energy development in Imperial County, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butler, E.W.; Hall, C.H.; Pick, J.B.

    1980-04-01

    The economy of Imperial County, California, is now dominated by agriculture, but economic studies indicate that the emerging geothermal sector could grow to a size comparable to that of agriculture. The purpose of this study is to discover the kind of power structure operating in Imperial County, the influential leaders, the source of their power, their probable reactions to geothermal development, and the possible effects geothermal development will have on the power structure. Several social science research methods are used to identify the influential leaders and to describe the power structure in Imperial County. An analysis of the opinions of leadership and the public shows the likely response to geothermal development. The power structure analysis, combined with forecasts of the economic effects of geothermal development, indicates the ways in which the power structure itself may change.

  7. Cultural Imperialism of the West in the Work of Edward W. Said

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranka Jeknić

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the main ideas and views of Edward W. Said on the relationship between culture and imperialism, and also on the link between Western culture and the formation of imperialism. Hence, special attention is given to Said’s interpretation of novels as constructions of the geopolitical reality: i.e. the characteristics of “imperialism” are examined as found in such English and French writers as Jane Austen, Rudyard Kipling, Joseph Conrad and Albert Camus, illustrating the way how novels as an aesthetic form participated in the “cultural construction” of colonialism. In the next part of the discussion, the paper presents another main topic of Edward Said that reveals how “cultural imperialism”, “orientalism” and “covering Islam” are still, unfortunately, current topics. Special attention is given to Said's demystification of the opposition between “us” and “them”, or “the West” and “Others”, through the example of the relationship between “the West” and “Islam”. Behind this issue, unequal power relations exist, as well as unequal relations of power and knowledge; “anti-systemic movements”, especially, and the “post-colonial discourse”, in general, warns us of this.

  8. Bioindicators from Mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) Sampled from the Imperial Valley in Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Jill A.; Draugelis-Dale, Rassa O.

    2006-01-01

    The Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge (SSNWR) is located 64 km north of the Mexican border at the southern end of the Salton Sea in California's Imperial Valley. Freshwater ponds and managed habitats at the SSNWR, Calipatria, Calif. are supplied with Colorado River water that carries compounds from upstream sources. Components include municipal and industrial discharges, agricultural drainage, and sewage plant inputs. Aquatic animals in these ecosystems are continuously exposed to multiple constituents, several of which have been demonstrated to be associated with hormonal disturbances. We investigated possible endocrine impacts to fish in the Imperial Valley, Calif., by addressing the null hypothesis that aquatic species in impacted sites did not exhibit evidence of endocrine disruption as compared with those from nonimpacted sites. The results presented are intended to provide managers with science-based information and interpretations about the condition of the animals in their ecosystems for the minimization of potential adverse effects to trust fish and wildlife resources and for the maximization of available water resources.

  9. Symbolic figures in Early Imperial Asia Minor. Reshaping of funerary architecture?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrg. Lucia Novakova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Hellenistic tradition of funerary monuments in Early Imperial Asia Minor was based equally on both, the form and decoration of tomb monument. Figural decoration on panel reliefs or sarcophagi embodied political allegory and civic ideology together with the depiction of the deceased. Unfortunately, various free standing statues and mural paintings are nowadays consider lost, despite numerous references of ancient authors and epigraphic evidence. How much of funerary decoration should be understood in terms of traditional civic ideas of the Hellenistic world and how much in terms of Roman concept, is one of the most important issues related to the Roman sepulchral landscape in Anatolia. Early Imperial architectural forms followed hellenistic tradition while communicating Roman ideas through orientation and organization of space. Similar system of public honours that Greek cities bestowed upon their citizens and foreign benefactors in previous period (praise, crown, statue, prohedria, tafé demosia was maintained. Architectural changes in western Asia Minor came about in the Augustan Age, reflecting the major political transformation of the empire.

  10. Self-knowledge and the practice of ethics: Ostad Elahi's concept of the "imperious self".

    Science.gov (United States)

    During, Elie

    2011-10-01

    When approaching the perplexing issue of self-knowledge, two questions should be kept in mind: What type of knowledge do we expect? and, more importantly, Why does this knowledge matter for us? Among the motivations behind such an endeavor, the ethical project of self-transformation is of particular interest, for it sheds light on the inherently constructive nature of self-knowledge. Psychologists dealing with the issue of self-realization and identity formation, however, generally tend to overlook the resources offered by ethics considered as a genuine self-transformative practice (in contrast to morality as a set of rules or principles to be applied in specific contexts). The tradition of "spiritual exercises" is considered from this self-transformative perspective, as well as Plato's conception of self-knowledge ("know thyself"). Finally, Ostad Elahi's concept of the "imperious self" is examined in detail: beyond the particular context to which it belongs (spiritual ethics), the "imperious self" appears as a valuable tool for understanding the active part played by self-modeling in the process of self-transformation. © 2011 New York Academy of Sciences.

  11. Criticism :On English Imperialism%英语帝国主义论批判

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱立中

    2012-01-01

    英语帝国主义一般指英语霸权地位。语言帝国主义的论调和"世界英语"研究者的思维逻辑大相径庭。由于英语全球化,除了带来英语的变体增多以外,还带来另外一种声音,就是要遏制英语的霸权,保护语言生态。而这种英语扩展的现象并非帝国主义阴谋,语言死亡的责任也非英语全球化带来的结果。%English imperialism refers to English hegemony The viewpoint of English imperialism stands in stark contrast to the theory of World Englishes. The spread of English language world wide brings about severe criticism as well as addition to English varieties. Some scholars condemn the Language hegemony to protect language ecology. The author of the present essay argues that the globalization of English isn't the result of conspiracy of imperialist countries, and that it doesn't inevitably lead to the death of other languages.

  12. Staying Home While Studying Abroad: Anti-Imperial Praxis for Globalizing Feminist Visions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shireen Roshanravan

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper hinges on the recognition that when study-abroad opportunities are presented and perceived as a means of access to global perspectives on women and gender, they reduce the problem of US-centrism in Women's Studies to a geographic rather than an epistemic limitation. According to this logic, physical travel away from the United States can serve as an effective method for overcoming US-centrism and attending to the "global," a curricular strategy that Chandra Mohanty and M. Jacqui Alexander call "the cartographic rule of the transnational as always 'elsewhere'" (Mohanty and Alexander 2010, 33. This cartographic rule reinforces hegemonic representations of the United States as a unified "modern" white/Anglo nation against which the culturally Other terrain of the "global" becomes understandable. As such, the study-abroad approach to internationalizing US Women's Studies relies on the re-erasure of US Women of Color genealogies and epistemologies that disrupt the white/Anglo cultural assumptions grounding the field's central category of "woman/women." If challenging US-centrism in US Women's Studies is meant to dismantle the white/Anglo monocultural perspective of US imperialism, I argue that the geographic travel imperative of "study abroad" must be tempered by a re-inhabitation of the field through the radical genealogies and epistemologies of US Women of Color, a strategy I call the anti-imperial feminist praxis of "staying home."

  13. Geotechnical Environmental Aspects of Geothermal Power Generation at Heber, Imperial Valley, California. Topical report 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1976-10-01

    This report presents a portion of the results from a one-year feasibility study sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to assess the feasibility of constructing a 25-50 MWe geothermal power plant using low salinity hydrothermal fluid as the energy source. The impact of power generation from hydrothermal resources on subsurface water flow, seismicity and subsidence are of acute interest in the determination of the environmental acceptance of geothermal energy. At the same time, the experience and data bases in these areas are very limited. The objective of the project was to assess the technical, geotechnical, environmental and economic feasibility of producing electricity from hydrothermal resources like those known to exist in the US. The objective of this part of the study was to investigate the geotechnical aspects of geothermal power generation and their relationship to environmental impacts in the Imperial Valley of California. This report discusses geology, geophysics, hydrogeology, seismicity and subsidence in terms of the availability of data, state-of-the-art analytical techniques, historical and technical background and interpretation of current data. it also discusses estimates of the impact of these geotechnical factors on the environment in the Imperial Valley, if geothermal development proceeds.

  14. In defence of moral imperialism: four equal and universal prima facie principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, A; Garrard, E

    2006-04-01

    Raanan Gillon is a noted defender of the four principles approach to healthcare ethics. His general position has always been that these principles are to be considered to be both universal and prima facie in nature. In recent work, however, he has made two claims that seem to present difficulties for this view. His first claim is that one of these four principles, respect for autonomy, has a special position in relation to the others: he holds that it is first among equals. We argue that this claim makes little sense if the principles are to retain their prima facie nature. His second claim is that cultural variation can play an independent normative role in the construction of our moral judgments. This, he argues, enables us to occupy a middle ground between what he sees as the twin pitfalls of moral relativism and (what he calls) moral imperialism. We argue that there is no such middle ground, and while Gillon ultimately seems committed to relativism, it is some form of moral imperialism (in the form of moral objectivism) that will provide the only satisfactory construal of the four principles as prima facie universal moral principles.

  15. Bioindicators from Mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) Sampled from the Imperial Valley in Southern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Jill A.; Draugelis-Dale, Rassa O.

    2006-01-01

    The Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge (SSNWR) is located 64 km north of the Mexican border at the southern end of the Salton Sea in California's Imperial Valley. Freshwater ponds and managed habitats at the SSNWR, Calipatria, Calif. are supplied with Colorado River water that carries compounds from upstream sources. Components include municipal and industrial discharges, agricultural drainage, and sewage plant inputs. Aquatic animals in these ecosystems are continuously exposed to multiple constituents, several of which have been demonstrated to be associated with hormonal disturbances. We investigated possible endocrine impacts to fish in the Imperial Valley, Calif., by addressing the null hypothesis that aquatic species in impacted sites did not exhibit evidence of endocrine disruption as compared with those from nonimpacted sites. The results presented are intended to provide managers with science-based information and interpretations about the condition of the animals in their ecosystems for the minimization of potential adverse effects to trust fish and wildlife resources and for the maximization of available water resources.

  16. Pink bollworm moth (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) catches in the Imperial Valley, California from 1989 to 2003

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHANG-CHI CHU; ERIC T.NATWICK; RAUL LE(O)N L(O)PEZ; JOLENE R.DESSERT; THOMAS J.HENNEBERRY

    2006-01-01

    We examined the patterns of male pink bollworm (PBW),Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders),moth catches in gossyplure-baited traps over a 15-year period from 1989 to 2003 in the Imperial Valley,California,USA. Monitoring was conducted during periods when different pink bollworm areawide control strategies were being used. Numbers of male pink bollworm moths caught in gossyplure-baited traps progressively decreased each year from 1990 to 1994 during short-season cotton production. High numbers of male moths caught in traps from 1995 to 1997 may have been related to moth migrations from the large cotton acreages grown in the Mexicali Valley bordering the Imperial Valley. Transgenic Bollgard(R) (Bt) cotton was planted in 3% of the cotton area in 1996 and thereafter in 80%-94% of the cotton area from 1997 to 2003. Pink bollworm moth trap catches were significantly lower from 1998 to 2003 than catches in 1995 to 1997,except for 1999. The trapping results suggested that Bt cotton had significant input on reduction of pink bollworm populations,confirming results of other investigators and providing additional documentation on the benefits of the Bt cotton culture.

  17. The Imperial Visual Propaganda in the Empire of Trebizond (1204-1461

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatyana Bardashova

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this paper is the visual propaganda employed in the Empire of Trebizond to convey a sense of the greatness and power of the imperial dynasty of the Grand Komnenoi. The emperors of Trebizond traced their lineage directly back to the famed Komnenian dynasty and saw themselves as the only legitimate successors to Byzantium after its temporary falling-apart, in 1204, as a consequence of the Fourth Crusade. Though only very few images of the emperors of the Grand Komnenoi have been preserved (on chrysobulls, seals, coins, icons, manuscripts, the evidence provided by Medieval authors (Constantine Loukites and Bessarion as well as European travelers and scientists of the 17th-20th centuries (J. Bordier, J.P. Fallmerayer, G. Finlay, F.I. Uspenskij, A. Bryer etc. allows conclusions about the existence of propagandistic portrait images of Trebizond emperors and members of their families in the imperial palace as well as in the most important churches. On the basis of this one may suggest that visual propaganda played an equally important role in Trebizond as in Byzantium. This could be connected with the intention of the Grand Komnenoi to claim their right to the high title of Emperor which, according to the official ideology of Byzantium, only the ruler whose permanent place of residence was Constantinople could possess.

  18. Local responses to French medical imperialism in late nineteenth-century Algeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallois, William

    2007-08-01

    This article offers the first account of the lives of Algerian-born doctors working in the French colonial medical service between 1870 and 1900. Their stories reveal the manner in which the idea of medical imperialism had collapsed in Algeria, as a result of maladministration, racial policies, competition between civil and military authorities, budgetary constraints and the rise of the colons. The article also indicates the way in which medicine became a locus of opposition to French rule. It shows how the first decades of the Third Republic were critical in terms of a shift from the earlier idea of medicine serving as an emblem of the mission civilisatrice to the ideological potential of medicine being seen in much more nuanced terms by both French settlers and Algerian locals. It is argued that the notion of cultural resistance to imperialism through medicine emerges in the 1870s and 1880s, thereby prefiguring the work of Fanon and the Front de Liberation Nationale's later analysis of the 'sickness' of colonial Algerian society.

  19. postcolonialidad imperial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter D. Mignolo

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde una perspectiva de la modernidad/colonialidad, en este artículo se examinan las distinciones epistémicas y geopolíticas entre estudios postcoloniales y los estudios de la subalternidad, así como las diferentes genealogías y articulaciones geopolíticas entre lo postmoderno y lo postcolonial. Igualmente, se analizan el desplazamiento epistémico de la ego-política asociada al supuesto del sujeto cartesiano a la bio-política y geo-política ligadas a los movimientos históricos que han evidenciado la irreducible diferencia de los cuerpos y lugares del sistema mundo en la producción de conocimiento. Finalmente, el artículo se detiene en evidenciar las especificidades de una propuesta de un «pensamiento descolonial» y las diferencias de la perspectiva de la modernidad/colonialidad con respecto a los modelos predominantes de interpretación del sistema mundo contemporáneo.

  20. Linguistic Imperialism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillipson, Robert

    This book explores the contemporary phenomenon of English as a world language and sets out to analyze how and why it became so dominant. It looks at the spread of English historically in order to ascertain whether the language has been promoted actively as an instrument of the foreign policy of the major English-speaking states. The book examines…

  1. Is Linguistic Identity Becoming a Problem Facing English Linguistic Imperialism--Seen from the Development and History of English language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Jiliang; Tan Zhuxiu

    2015-01-01

    English language has undergone a long-term development and now it has become an international language. The wide spread of English contributes greatly to its status as an internationally dominating language which results in the linguistic imperialism and the loss of linguistic identity for many people speaking other languages.Their linguistic identity is becoming a problem now.

  2. Geodetic observations of fault creep in the Imperial Valley: hidden faults, earthquake hazard and implications for frictional properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsey, E. O.; Fialko, Y. A.

    2014-12-01

    We present new observations of the pattern of fault creep and interseismic deformation in the Imperial Valley, California using a combination of multiple InSAR viewing geometries and survey-mode GPS. We combine more than 100 survey-mode GPS velocities (Crowell et al., 2013) with Envisat InSAR observations from descending tracks 84 and 356 and ascending tracks 77 and 306 (149 total acquisitions), processed using the Stanford Method for Persistent Scatterers (StaMPS) package (Hooper et al., 2007). The result is a dense map of surface velocities across the Imperial fault and surrounding areas. The data suggest that a previously little-known extension of the Superstition Hills fault through the town of El Centro may accommodate a significant portion of the slip previously attributed to the Imperial Fault. We investigate a suite of possible models for the transfer of this slip to the Imperial and Cerro Prieto faults to the south, yielding a range of plausible hazard scenarios. Finally, we compare the geodetic data to models of earthquake cycles with rate- and state-dependent friction to assess the implications for creep depth, moment accumulation rate, and recurrence interval of large events on these faults.

  3. 77 FR 49863 - Pacific Imperial Railroad, Inc.-Change in Operator Exemption-Rail Line of San Diego and Arizona...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-17

    ... San Diego and Arizona Eastern Railway Company Pacific Imperial Railroad, Inc. (PIR), a noncarrier, has... is owned by San Diego and Arizona Eastern Railway Company (SD&AE). The agreement provides for a... Line to PIR, with the consent of SD&AE, its parent, San Diego Metropolitan Transit Development Board...

  4. 75 FR 14623 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area Management Plan and Draft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... . Fax: (760) 337-4490. Mail: 1661 So. 4th St., El Centro, California 92243. Copies of the Draft Imperial Sand Dunes RAMP/EIS are available in the El ] Centro Field Office at the above address and at the BLM...: Recreation; transportation and public access; wildlife and botany; cultural resources and paleontology...

  5. A medicina no Brasil imperial: fundamentos da autoridade profissional e da legitimidade científica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coelho Edler, Flavio

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts a fresh analysis of the supposed ornamental nature of medical institutions in Imperial Brazil (1822-1889. The institutions in question were active in the production and validation of scientific knowledge relating to health both public and private in the Empire. In contrast to interpretations which explain medical and hygienic thinking in terms of the immediate interests of dominant elites —forging a medical conscience “from the outside”— the article seeks to highlight the socio-professional dynamics mobilised for the validation and control of medical knowledge according to the same standards of proof prevailing in European hygienic and anatoclinical thought. It is argued that the social position occupied by the Imperial Academy of Medicine was built on meritocratic criteria. It was not the titled nobility which accredited scientific opinion or evidence, but rather the ability to reason in accordance with established scientific standards.

    Pretendemos rever la creencia en un supuesto carácter ornamental de las instituciones médicas del Imperio Brasileño (1822-1889. Dichas instituciones estuvieron comprometidas con la producción y la validación de los conocimientos científicos sobre los problemas relativos a la salud pública y privada de los habitantes del imperio. En lugar de las interpretaciones que traducen el pensamiento médico e higienista elaborado por los intereses inmediatos de las élites dominantes —forjando la conciencia médica “desde fuera”— procuraremos subrayar las dinámicas socioprofesionales dirigidas hacia la producción, validación y control del saber médico, según las reglas mismas de la cientificidad adoptadas por la medicina higienista y anatómico-clínica europea, entonces vigentes. El lugar social ocupado por la Academia Imperial de Medicina suponía la existencia de criterios meritocráticos en ese microcosmo. No era la titularidad nobiliaria la que acreditaba la

  6. Trans-Activation between EphA and FGFR Regulates Self-Renewal and Differentiation of Mouse Embryonic Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells via Differential Activation of FRS2α.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawada, Takahiro; Arai, Daiki; Jing, Xuefeng; Furushima, Kenryo; Chen, Qingfa; Kawakami, Kazuki; Yokote, Hideyuki; Miyajima, Masayasu; Sakaguchi, Kazushige

    2015-01-01

    Ephs and FGFRs belong to a superfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases, playing important roles in stem cell biology. We previously reported that EphA4 and FGFR form a heterodimer following stimulation with ligands, trans-activating each other and signaling through a docking protein, FRS2α, that binds to both receptors. Here, we investigated whether the interaction between EphA4 and FGFRs can be generalized to other Ephs and FGFRs, and, in addition, examined the downstream signal mediating their function in embryonic neural stem/progenitor cells. We revealed that various Ephs and FGFRs interact with each other through similar molecular domains. When neural stem/progenitor cells were stimulated with FGF2 and ephrin-A1, the signal transduced from the EphA4/FGFR/FRS2α complex enhanced self-renewal, while stimulation with ephrin-A1 alone induced neuronal differentiation. The downstream signal required for neuronal differentiation appears to be MAP kinase mainly linked to the Ras family of G proteins. MAP kinase activation was delayed and sustained, distinct from the transient activation induced by FGF2. Interestingly, this effect on neuronal differentiation required the presence of FGFRs. Specific FGFR inhibitor almost completely abolished the function of ephrin-A1 stimulation. These findings suggest that the ternary complex of EphA, FGFR and FRS2α formed by ligand stimulation regulates self-renewal and differentiation of mouse embryonic neural stem/progenitor cells by ligand-specific fine tuning of the downstream signal via FRS2α.

  7. Trans-Activation between EphA and FGFR Regulates Self-Renewal and Differentiation of Mouse Embryonic Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells via Differential Activation of FRS2α.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takahiro Sawada

    Full Text Available Ephs and FGFRs belong to a superfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases, playing important roles in stem cell biology. We previously reported that EphA4 and FGFR form a heterodimer following stimulation with ligands, trans-activating each other and signaling through a docking protein, FRS2α, that binds to both receptors. Here, we investigated whether the interaction between EphA4 and FGFRs can be generalized to other Ephs and FGFRs, and, in addition, examined the downstream signal mediating their function in embryonic neural stem/progenitor cells. We revealed that various Ephs and FGFRs interact with each other through similar molecular domains. When neural stem/progenitor cells were stimulated with FGF2 and ephrin-A1, the signal transduced from the EphA4/FGFR/FRS2α complex enhanced self-renewal, while stimulation with ephrin-A1 alone induced neuronal differentiation. The downstream signal required for neuronal differentiation appears to be MAP kinase mainly linked to the Ras family of G proteins. MAP kinase activation was delayed and sustained, distinct from the transient activation induced by FGF2. Interestingly, this effect on neuronal differentiation required the presence of FGFRs. Specific FGFR inhibitor almost completely abolished the function of ephrin-A1 stimulation. These findings suggest that the ternary complex of EphA, FGFR and FRS2α formed by ligand stimulation regulates self-renewal and differentiation of mouse embryonic neural stem/progenitor cells by ligand-specific fine tuning of the downstream signal via FRS2α.

  8. Characterisation of imperial college reactor centre legacy waste using gamma-ray spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuhaimi, Alif Imran Mohd

    2016-01-01

    Waste characterisation is a principal component in waste management strategy. The characterisation includes identification of chemical, physical and radiochemical parameters of radioactive waste. Failure to determine specific waste properties may result in sentencing waste packages which are not compliant with the regulation of long term storage or disposal. This project involved measurement of intensity and energy of gamma photons which may be emitted by radioactive waste generated during decommissioning of Imperial College Reactor Centre (ICRC). The measurement will use High Purity Germanium (HPGe) as Gamma-ray detector and ISOTOPIC-32 V4.1 as analyser. In order to ensure the measurements provide reliable results, two quality control (QC) measurements using difference matrices have been conducted. The results from QC measurements were used to determine the accuracy of the ISOTOPIC software.

  9. [Changes in the Declaration of Helsinki: economic fundamentalism, ethical imperialism and social control].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrafa, V; Prado, M M

    2001-01-01

    This study is a critical reflection on attempts to alter the Declaration of Helsinki, a key document of the democratic theses achieved in the latter half of the 20th century and thus a legacy for humanity because of its ethical guidelines for research involving human beings. Therefore, there must be worldwide social control over such a document, and any change in it demands ample debate with international participation to avoid any reversal in its humanitarian thrust. The study analyzes current aspects of research with human subjects in so-called "outlying" or "developing" countries. It also brings a social and political focus to the matter, highlighting that the economic fundamentalism exercised by wealthy countries inevitably leads to an ethical imperialism, exposing communities of poor countries to even greater vulnerability, discrimination, and social exclusion.

  10. Vicente Ignacio Imperial Digueri y Trejo : ingeniero militar, marino, urbanista y arquitecto del siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Torrejón Chaves

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Nacido en Oran el 28 de junio de 1745, fueron sus padres Ignacio Imperial Digueri, oriundo de Cartagena y destinado, a la sazón, como oficial en el Regimiento de Infantería de esta plaza norteafricana, donde alcanzó el grado de comandante de su segundo batallón —puesto que desempeñaba cuando ocurrió su muerte, el 5 de junio de 1769—, y Paula Trejo Monroy y Salcedo, natural de Badajoz, quien falleció con posterioridad a mayo de 1781, posiblemente en la ciudad de Cartagena. Otros hijos del matrimonio fueron: Antonio, Juan Bautista —que se ordenó sacerdote del Orden de Mínimos de San Francisco de Paula—, Manuel, Luisa y Teresa.

  11. Racial Geographies, Imperial Transitions: Property Ownership and Race Relations in Cienfuegos, Cuba, 1894–1899

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonnie Lucero

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores race relations in the provincial city of Cienfuegos, Cuba, during a time of immense political change from 1894 to 1899. In those five years, Cuba was transformed from a Spanish colony struggling for independence to an occupied territory of the United States. This political transformation brought into direct confrontation two models of race relations: one Spanish, characterized by racial integration, and the other American, renowned for Jim Crow segregation. This essay examines the lived significance of this political transformation through interracial property transactions recorded in the notarial protocols of Cienfuegos. The findings suggest that the final war of independence provided opportunities for Afro-descendants to purchase prime properties within the official city bounds. Yet, with US intervention in 1898, a subtle but increasing marginalization of men and women of color from the market in urban property is evident. Lucero contends that this marginalization reflects a shift in race relations due to the American imperial presence.

  12. Characterisation of imperial college reactor centre legacy waste using gamma-ray spectrometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shuhaimi, Alif Imran Mohd [Nuclear Energy Department, Regulatory Economics & Planning Division, Tenaga Nasional Berhad (Malaysia)

    2016-01-22

    Waste characterisation is a principal component in waste management strategy. The characterisation includes identification of chemical, physical and radiochemical parameters of radioactive waste. Failure to determine specific waste properties may result in sentencing waste packages which are not compliant with the regulation of long term storage or disposal. This project involved measurement of intensity and energy of gamma photons which may be emitted by radioactive waste generated during decommissioning of Imperial College Reactor Centre (ICRC). The measurement will use High Purity Germanium (HPGe) as Gamma-ray detector and ISOTOPIC-32 V4.1 as analyser. In order to ensure the measurements provide reliable results, two quality control (QC) measurements using difference matrices have been conducted. The results from QC measurements were used to determine the accuracy of the ISOTOPIC software.

  13. Investigation of ecosystems impacts from geothermal development in Imperial Valley, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shinn, J.H.; Ireland, R.R.; Kercher, J.R.; Koranda, J.J.; Tompkins, G.A.

    1979-07-13

    A summary of three years of field ecological investigation in Imperial Valley Environmental Program is presented. The potential terrestrial habitat impacts of geothermal development are discussed for shorebirds and waterfowl habitat, the endangered clapper rail, powerline corridors, noise effects, animal trace element burdens, and the desert community. Aquatic habitats are discussed in terms of Salton Sea salinity, effects of geothermal brine discharges to the Salton Sea, trace element baselines, and potential toxicity of brine spills in freshwater. Studies of impacts on agriculture involved brine movement in soil, release of trace metals, trace element baselines in soil and plants, water requirements of crops, and H{sub 2}S effects on crop production in the presence of CO{sub 2} and ozone.

  14. HADRIAN THE TRAVELER: Motifs and Expressions of Roman Imperial Power in the Vita Hadriani

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cam GREY

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This paper explores the links between travel and power that the journeys of Hadrian in the Vita Hadriani reveal, and suggests that these links have broader implications for our interpretation of the Historia Augusta as a whole, and of its author's literary skill and political awareness. It offers a close reading of the contexts in which Hadrian is depicted traveling in the Vita Hadriani, and argues that they may be interpreted as part of an internal dialog over alternate strategies for expressing and legitimating imperial power. It suggests that it is the moments when Hadrian is in the act of traveling that provide the clearest clues as to our author's attitude towards appropriate behavior by an emperor.

  15. RAÍCES LATINAS: TEOLOGÍA SECULAR Y FORMACIÓN IMPERIAL OCCIDENTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Fitzpatrick

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo concierne el olvido de las formas deíficas, o político-teológicas, del imperialismo moderno. De manera particular, localiza el marco de dicho imperialismo en el lenguaje teológico presente en los trabajos de Francisco de Vitoria acerca de la colonización de las Américas. La adopción operativa de este marco en su versión «secular» se sostiene en el olvido activo de esta teología. Se concluye que esta combinación de adopción y olvido se extiende al afecto imperial que informa la formación política occidental.

  16. GOVERNANCE IN PTOLEMAIC EGYPT, THE FIRST HUNDRED YEARS: A CASE OF IMPERIALISM?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Adler

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available

    This article investigates the nature of governance in Ptolemaic Egypt during the first 100 years of their rule. It proposes that this governance was Imperialist and exploitative in nature and that the Macedonian Greeks acted as the master race while their Egyptian subjects were either collaborators in this exploitation (a small minority of no more than 2.5% or the exploited.

    In order to substantiate this submission, the nature of concepts such as imperialism, colonialism and colonization are defined and explored. Where applicable, comparisons are made with modern empires. The institutions of empire and the racist nature of Ptolemaic rule are investigated while the economic measures instituted to ensure maximum profit for the imperialists, are also examined.

  17. REVISITING IMPERIAL CULTURAL STUDIES AND ETHNIC WRITING: A Subaltern Speaks from the Boondocks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. San Juan, Jr.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Applying a historical-materialist framework, this exploratory venture to critique Eurocentric cultural studies deploys certain oppositional events/discourses to point out the limitations of the hegemonic discipline. Deconstructing elite bourgeois culture via institutionalizing popular tastes and demystifying idealist rhetoric simply reinforce alienation with a postmodernist hubris. The resurgence of “third-world” resistance with its focus on racial/gender negativity (as in certain democratizing initiatives in the Philippines and among people of color in the metropole may signal a return to the radical vision of cultural studies. Key to this renewal is the rediscovery of the dialectics of local/ethnic practice and the concrete universal of an anti-capitalist liberation project of subalterns everywhere defying imperialism and the terrorist neoliberal global order.

  18. The main Differences of the Roman Administrative Organization in the Republican and the Imperial Eras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Guzmán-Brito

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The so-called “public administration” of the Roman Republican era was characterized by its adaptation to the following rules: limited periods in the exercise of public office, popular election of their holders, gratuity for their performance, plurality of holders for the same office and collegiality among them, lack of hierarchy and autonomy and independence of each holder, and personal responsibility for expenses incurred in the exercise of public office. The imperial regime introduced rules which were exactly the opposite. If we bear in mind that these contrary rules continue to govern the administrative organization of modern States, it follows that the foundations of modern Public Administration thus derive from the Roman Empire.

  19. Geothermal environmental studies, Heber Region, Imperial Valley, California. Environmental baseline data acquisition. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-02-01

    The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has been studying the feasibility of a Low Salinity Hydrothermal Demonstration Plant as part of its Geothermal Energy Program. The Heber area of the Imperial Valley was selected as one of the candidate geothermal reservoirs. Documentation of the environmental conditions presently existing in the Heber area is required for assessment of environmental impacts of future development. An environmental baseline data acquisition program to compile available data on the environment of the Heber area is reported. The program included a review of pertinent existing literature, interviews with academic, governmental and private entities, combined with field investigations and meteorological monitoring to collect primary data. Results of the data acquisition program are compiled in terms of three elements: the physical, the biological and socioeconomic settings.

  20. Ludus de Antichristo e o drama da escatologia imperial no século XII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius Cesar Dreger de Araújo

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Buscamos neste texto analisar as imbricações entre o texto teatral germânico do século XII, o Ludus de Antichristo, e o seu contexto político-cultural, particularmente em relação às personagens do Anticristo e do Último Imperador Romano, seus protagonistas, com a Escatologia Imperial encontrada no período. Nosso artigo contém um detalhado resumo da peça, estudos relacionados às tradições e documentos que levaram à sua concepção e seu enquadramento nos debates políticos e religiosos do século XII.

  1. Interpretation of shallow crustal structure of the Imperial Valley, California, from seismic reflection profiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Severson, L.K.

    1987-05-01

    Eight seismic reflection profiles (285 km total length) from the Imperial Valley, California, were provided to CALCRUST for reprocessing and interpretation. Two profiles were located along the western margin of the valley, five profiles were situated along the eastern margin and one traversed the deepest portion of the basin. These data reveal that the central basin contains a wedge of highly faulted sediments that thins to the east. Most of the faulting is strike-slip but there is evidence for block rotations on the scale of 5 to 10 kilometers within the Brawley Seismic Zone. These lines provide insight into the nature of the east and west edges of the Imperial Valley. The basement at the northwestern margin of the valley, to the north of the Superstition Hills, has been normal-faulted and blocks of basement material have ''calved'' into the trough. A blanket of sediments has been deposited on this margin. To the south of the Superstition Hills and Superstition Mountain, the top of the basement is a detachment surface that dips gently into the basin. This margin is also covered by a thick sequence sediments. The basement of the eastern margin consists of metamorphic rocks of the upper plate of the Chocolate Mountain Thrust system underlain by the Orocopia Schist. These rocks dip to the southeast and extend westward to the Sand Hills Fault but do not appear to cross it. Thus, the Sand Hills Fault is interpreted to be the southern extension of the San Andreas Fault. North of the Sand Hills Fault the East Highline Canal seismicity lineament is associated with a strike-slip fault and is probably linked to the Sand Hills Fault. Six geothermal areas crossed by these lines, in agreement with previous studies of geothermal reservoirs, are associated with ''faded'' zones, Bouguer gravity and heat flow maxima, and with higher seismic velocities than surrounding terranes.

  2. Imperial Industry and Observational Control in the Faynan Region, Southern Jordan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannah Friedman

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The Faynan district of southern Jordan is an area rich in copper ore, a resource that has made it a focus for human settlement since prehistory. During the Roman and Byzantine periods, the Faynan was the site of a metallum, a State-owned extraction industry. The imperial administration in charge of the Faynan used a variety of methods to regulate and direct the copper industry, ensuring large-scale copper production. This article explores one of the management techniques employed, the use of surveillance as a mechanism to control the local population of workers and slaves. North American historical archaeology has studied control through surveillance in relation to slave populations on plantations. I argue that these theories can be applied to the placement of observational structures and the role of buildings in the Faynan landscape. Roman sources attest to the presence of convict labour at this metallum. As an example, the administration building in the Wadi Ratiye, WF1415, is discussed in detail. This building had towers and I argue that its placement in the landscape in relation to the nearby copper mines was not merely to observe them but to enforce discipline through surveillance. To test this hypothesis the GIS technique viewshed analysis was employed. The main argument of the article hangs on understanding the views and surveillance possibilities, therefore the viewshed produced needed to be very robust with a clear methodology. To accomplish this, the unique environment of the Faynan and limitations of human visual acuity are taken into account to create a regionally and theoretically appropriate model. I posit that the imperial administration displayed a thorough understanding of control through observation and that surveillance of the miners and convicts in the region encouraged their hard work and obedience while discouraging misconduct.

  3. Aesthetics and Empire: The Sense of Feminine Beauty in the Making of the US Imperial Archipelago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thompson, Lanny

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the “sense of beauty” in the United States imperial archipelago, composed of the island territories of Cuba, Hawai`i, Philippines, and Puerto Rico, all acquired in 1898. The theoretical connection among these two elements –aesthetics and empire– is provided by a revision of the concepts “economy of colonial desire” and “complex of visuality.” This paper analyzes the most advanced visual technology of the late nineteenth century: the mass- produced, printed photograph. In particular, it focuses upon the representations of feminine beauty as found the illustrated “new-possessions” books which described recent island acquisitions of the United States. The connections between aesthetics and the forms of governance in each territory will also be elucidated.Este artículo examina el “sentido de belleza” en el archipiélago imperial estadounidense, compuesto de los territorios isleños de Cuba, Hawai`i, Filipinas y Puerto Rico, todos adquiridos en 1898. La conexión teórica entre estos dos elementos –estética e imperio– se establece mediante una revisión de los conceptos de “economía de deseo colonial” y el “complejo de visualidad”. Este artículo analiza la tecnología visual más avanzada del siglo diecinueve tardío: la fotografía impresa. En particular, se enfoca en las representaciones de belleza femenina en los libros ilustrados de las “nuevas posesiones” los cuales describían las adquisiciones recientes de los Estados Unidos. También, se dilucidarán las conexiones entre estética y las formas de gobernanza en cada territorio.

  4. Imperial County geothermal development semi-annual report, October 1, 1980-March 31, 1981

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    The current geothermal progress in Imperial County is reported. Three areas are reported: Geothermal Administration, Geothermal Planning, and other Geothermal Activities. Geothermal Administration addresses the status of the Imperial Valley Environmental Project (IVEP) transfer, update of the Geothermal Resource Center, and findings of Geothermal field inspections. In addition, the cooperative efforts between industry and the County; Master EIR for the Salton Sea KGRA and the resurveying of the subsidence detection network are covered. Geothermal Planning addresses a Board of Supervisor action on the Union Oil Geothermal Production Permit for 16 wells in the Salton Sea KGRA and a permit for Southern California Edison 10 megawatts power plant in the Salton Sea KGRA. Planning Commission action covers: Amendment of Magma Power's 49 megawatts Geothermal Production Permit to 28 megawatt power plant and relocation of the plant and wells within the Salton Sea KGRA; Exploration permit to Occidental Geothermal for four exploratory wells in East Brawley; Geothermal Production Permit to Southern California Edison to operate a 10 megawatt power plant in the Salton Sea KGRA; and Geothermal production permit to Union Oil for 16 production-injection wells in the Salton Sea KGRA. Lastly, EIR exemptions to CEQA were granted to Chevron for 70 shallow temperature observation holes and Union for fifteen. Other Geothermal Activity addresses the County Direct Heat Development study; the solicitation for district heating and cooling proposals; the new Geothermal Class II-1 disposal site; the DOE Region IX meeting in Tucson; and USGA designating a new KGRA, the East Brawley KGRA, the Westmorland KGRA, and revising the southern border of the Salton Sea KGRA.

  5. Sintomas visuais de deficiência de macronutrientes e de boro em abacaxizeiro 'imperial' Visual symptons of macronutrients and boron deficiency in 'imperial' pineapple

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José Mota Ramos

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar os sintomas visuais de deficiências de macronutrientes e de boro no abacaxizeiro 'Imperial', e associá-los à diagnose foliar. Os tratamentos: Completo, - N, - P, - K, -Ca, - Mg, - S e - B foram aplicados como soluções nutritivas, em vasos plásticos com 14 kg de areia de praia purificada e uma muda de abacaxi, como unidade experimental. O delineamento foi em blocos casualizados completos, com seis repetições. Os sintomas visuais de deficiência nutricional foram fotografados e descritos durante todo o processo de crescimento e desenvolvimento das plantas. Avaliaram-se, também, as concentrações foliares de N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S e B na folha 'D', aos cinco, sete, nove e 12 meses após o plantio. A deficiência de N causou amarelecimento das folhas da planta e da coroa dos frutos e descoramento da polpa do fruto; a de P, folhas novas vermelho-arroxeadas e frutos com a casca avermelhada; a de K, necrose do ápice das folhas mais velhas e escurecimento da polpa do fruto; a de Mg, necrose na base das folhas da coroa do fruto, e na deficiência de B, frutos com cortiça e rachadura nos frutilhos e entre eles. Apesar dos baixos teores foliares de S e de Ca, na época da colheita dos frutos, não foram observados sintomas visuais de deficiência nos frutos. Os teores foliares no início dos sintomas de deficiência e na época da colheita dos frutos foram, respectivamente: N = 8,7 e 6,8; P = 0,70 e 0,32; K = 11,6 e 3,2; Mg = 0,73 e 0,54 g kg-1, e B = 5,8 e 5,5 mg kg-1.The objective of this study was to characterize the visual symptoms of macronutrients and boron deficiencies in the pineapple 'Imperial', and involve them in the foliar diagnosis. The full treatment, - N, - P - K, - Ca, - Mg, - and S - B was applied as nutrient solutions in plastic pots with 14 kg of purified sand beach and a seedling of pineapple, as an experimental unit . The design was a randomized complete block with six replicates. The

  6. Statement of John F. Turner on H.R. 2571 : Wilderness designations on National Wildlife Refuges in Arizona [Havasu/Imperial/Kofa/Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is a statement on congressional bills meant to create a wilderness areas within the Kofa NWR, Imperial NWR, Havasu NWR, and Cabeza Prieta NWR. Given by...

  7. Statement of Michael J. Spear on H.R. 2571 : Wilderness designations on National Wildlife Refuges in Arizona [Kofa/Havasu/Imperial/Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is a statement on congressional bills meant to create a wilderness areas within the Kofa NWR, Imperial NWR, Havasu NWR, and Cabeza Prieta NWR. Given by...

  8. ¿Una cultura imperial? Africanismo e identidad nacional española en el final del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferran Archilés Cardona

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the context of acute perception of a national identity crisis the aim of an African empire was conceived as a solution. In the era of European imperialism it became a key to national regeneration.This article offers an analytical perspective on the importance that the «Africanismo» achieved at the end of XIXth century in Spain, from the perspective of comparative history. Although the Spanish case cannot simply be classified as other European imperialism, it has been excessively exaggerated their uniqueness or anomaly. This article is based on a reading of the literature as well as in the use of certain sources, mainly intellectual discourses, to raise a new interpretive perspective.

  9. Culture and Imperialism’s implications for thinking about the lives and identities of contemporary post-imperial Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lars

    Edward Said has been perhaps the most important influence on my own work in postcolonial studies. Three things have struck me in my deliberations over how to engage with Culture and Imperialism twenty years after it was first published; a) what new scholarship has brought new light on the thematic...... areas explored in C&I; b) what is the relationship between the world as historically and contemporarily constructed in C&I and how its disciples, such as myself, read the world twenty years on; c) in what ways have new theoretical insights evolved, which build upon insights similar to Said’s, yet also...... develop a new approach better equipped to deal with the reality of 2012. In my paper I wish to interconnect these three points to my own current research on postcolonial/post-imperial Europe, which builds upon Said’s insistence on relating the European presence in the non-European world to the very core...

  10. Development and field validation of a community-engaged particulate matter air quality monitoring network in imperial, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvlin, Graeme N; Lugo, Humberto; Olmedo, Luis; Bejarano, Ester; Wilkie, Alexa; Meltzer, Dan; Wong, Michelle; King, Galatea; Northcross, Amanda; Jerrett, Michael; English, Paul B; Hammond, Donald; Seto, Edmund

    2017-08-22

    The Imperial County Community Air Monitoring Network was developed as part of a community-engaged research study to provide real-time particulate matter (PM) air quality information at a high spatial resolution in Imperial County, California. The network augmented the few existing regulatory monitors and increased monitoring near susceptible populations. Monitors were both calibrated and field validated, a key component of evaluating the quality of the data produced by the community-monitoring network. This paper examines the performance of a customized version of the low-cost Dylos optical particle counter used in the community air monitors compared to both PM2.5 and PM10 federal equivalent method (FEM) beta-attenuation monitors (BAMs) and federal reference method (FRM) gravimetric filters at a collocation site in the study area. A conversion equation was developed that estimates particle mass concentrations from the native Dylos particle counts taking into account relative humidity. The R(2) for converted hourly averaged Dylos mass measurements and a PM2.5 BAM was 0.79 and PM10 BAM was 0.78. The performance of the conversion equation was evaluated at six other sites with collocated PM2.5 environmental beta-attenuation monitors (EBAMs) located throughout Imperial County. The agreement of the Dylos with the EBAMs was moderate to high (R(2) 0.35-0.81). Implications The performance of low-cost air quality sensors in community networks is currently not well documented. This paper provides a methodology for quantifying the performance of a next generation Dylos PM sensor used in the Imperial County Community Air Monitoring Network. This air quality network provides data at a much finer spatial and temporal resolution than has previously been possible with government monitoring efforts. Once calibrated and validated, these high-resolution data may provide more information on susceptible populations, assist in the identification of air pollution hotspots, and increase

  11. “It is Necessary to Create a New Suitably Positive Past”: Boris Mironov in Russian Imperial Historiography

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    Valery V. Kerov

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to the contemporary historiography of Russia as an empire from the 18th to the 20th centuries, the history of Russian “imperium.” This analysis is based on criticism of Boris Mironov’s monograph “The Russian Empire: From Tradition to Modernity.” The history of world empires is an important area of contemporary world historiography, which has the greatest relevance in current international relations. In Mironov’s multifaceted work, both the author’s own research and the historiographical results of the last two decades are used. The results of the analysis of the new social history of Russia (the history of the peasantry, urban groups, bureaucracies, intellectuals, businessmen, etc. are given, as well as the new history of the state and law. Ethno-confessional politics and the “history of expansion” seem to be the central themes of modern imperial historiography. Mironov convincingly refutes the myth of Russia as a “prison of nations.” Confessional policy is also considered. The questions of heterogeneity and the endogenous character of revolutionary crises in Russia became the focus of the discussion within “new imperial history.” Here supporters of various historiographical orientations, despite formal differences, agree that the imperial system in Russia experienced crises caused by rapid modernization, and was followed by the new “imperial” (or quasi-imperial period characterized by significant features and many common trends. An important feature of the modern “imperial” historiography and the history of Russia in general, according to the considered works, is the ideological approach of contemporary national scientific and historical discourse.

  12. Europa y el pensamiento político del Imperio. Hacia una crítica del modernismo imperial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Wagner

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo sugiere que cierta forma de pensamiento ha alcanzado una posición central en la filosofía política contemporánea —una combinación de liberalismo individualista y racionalismo instrumental—. Aeste pensamiento lo denomino modernismo imperial porque se basa en una interpretación concreta del compromiso moderno con la autonomía, sesgado hacia la hegemonía. Desde ese planteamiento se procura mostrar que ésta no es la única interpretación sostenible de la modernidad y que puede estar surgiendo una auto-comprensión normativa concreta de la modernidad europea que se diferencie del modernismo imperial. El texto intenta elucidar esta tesis en dos pasos. Primero, ofrece una comparación algo esquemática del pensamiento social y político en Europa y EE.UU., muestra los rasgos básicos del modernismo imperial e indica algunas razones —históricas y contingentes— de su predominio en EE.UU., pese a que sus fuentes estén en Europa. Dado que este paso muestra que el individualismo y el instrumentalismo son los rasgos clave del modernismo imperial, el segundo paso discutirá las consecuencias de una posible futura hegemonía de ese pensamiento explorando en particular cómo la cuestión de lo común se ha vuelto problemática en la filosofía política desde el ascenso del liberalismo individualista.

  13. Surface displacement on the Imperial and Superstition Hills faults triggered by the Westmorland, California, earthquake of 26 April 1981

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, R.V.; Lienkaemper, J.J.; Rymer, M.J.

    1982-01-01

    Parts of the Imperial and the Superstition Hills faults moved right-laterally at the ground surface at the time of or shortly following the ML 5.6 Westmorland earthquake of 26 April 1981. The displacements occurred prior to any significant aftershocks on either fault and thus are classed as sympathetic. Although the main shock was located in an exceptionally seismogenic part of Imperial Valley, about 20 km distant from either fault, no clear evidence of surface faulting has yet been found in the epicentral area. Horizontal displacement on the Imperial and Superstition Hills faults, southeast and southwest of the epicenter, respectively, reached maxima of 8 mm and 14 mm, and the discontinuous surface ruptures formed along approximately equal lengths of northern segments of the two structures (16.8 km and 15.7 km, respectively). The maximum vertical component of slip on the Imperial fault, 6 ram, was observed 3.4 km north of the point of largest horizontal slip. Vertical movement on the Superstition Hills fault was less than 1 mm. No new displacement was found along the traces of the Brawley fault zone, the San Andreas fault, or the part of the Coyote Creek fault that slipped during the 1968 Borrego Mountain earthquake. A careful search in the epicentral area of the main shock failed to locate any definite evidence of surface faulting. Concentrations of late aftershocks north and northeast of Calipatria near the southeastward projection of the San Andreas fault occurred mostly after our field check; this area was not investigated.

  14. [First medical museum of Russia (150-anniversary of the Surgical museum of the Imperial Medical-Surgery Academy)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budko, A A; Gribovskaia, G A; Zhuravlev, D A

    2013-03-01

    The opening in 1863 of the Surgical museum of the Imperial Medical-Surgical Academy was the sign of a new age in the development of medical science. It became the first medical museum in our country. It was the period when similar museums appeared in Europe and America. Thus all over the world were formed the first museums that amassed their collections, the later basis of modem medical museums.

  15. Imperial Borderland? Fear and Rivalry in Representations in Print of the Landscape of Carolina and Louisiana 1660-1753

    OpenAIRE

    Armstrong, Catherine

    2016-01-01

    For the first half-century of settlement by Europeans, the colonies of Carolina and Louisiana were imperial borderlands. Looking west, Carolinians were among the first settlers to highlight and experience the threat that the French posed once they had traversed and mapped the length of the Mississippi. Although during this period the efforts to claim, survey and document landownership were flourishing, the reality of struggling to clear and use tracts of many hundreds of acres meant that much...

  16. Collections of the Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society in the State Museum of the History of Religion (Saint-Petersburg, Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana V. Chumakova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerned with the main problems of formation’s history and exploration of the collections of Imperial Orthodox Palestinian Community (Russia. Its Community in Russia from the moment of its creation (1882 not only engaged in the organization of pilgrimages in Holy Land, but its deals with the organization of systematic archaeological excavations and scientific expeditions in Near East. One of the important but few mentioned aspects of this scientific and cultural activity is the creation of two unique collections – the library’s collection and the photo archive. This research is based on the materials collection’s of The Imperial Orthodox Palestinian Community, which is saved as a part of the collections of the State Museum of the History of Religion and archive materials that not published yet. The book’s and photo’s compositions that preserved in the collections of the Imperial Orthodox Palestinian Community reflects not only intellectual inquiries and preferences of Russian scientists but the history of Palestinian science’s development in Russia at the end of the XIX – at the beginning of XX centuries as a whole.

  17. Cultural Nationalism, Orientalism, Imperial Ambivalence: The Colored American Magazine and Pauline Elizabeth Hopkins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Fang Cho

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available

    This essay examines African American novelist Pauline Hopkins’s deployment of the trope of respectable domesticity to contest black disenfranchisement in the context of African Americans’ ambivalent relationship to late-nineteenth-century US imperial expansion in the Asia Pacific. This essay analyzes Contending Forces (1900 in relation to two crucial yet underexplored contexts: first, Hopkins’s commentaries on international race relations; second, African American intellectuals’ commentaries on US imperial ventures in the Asia Pacific and on Chinese immigration in the Colored American Magazine, where Hopkins’s fictional works were serialized. Situated within these contexts of comparative racialization, Hopkins’s works offer critical responses to the masculine nationalist representations of black–Asian relations, illuminating the divisive effects of nationalist identification on differentially racialized subjects, the uneven effects of marriage on the black community, and this institution’s structural ties to imperialism and to the color-based class hierarchy within the imagined black community—all of which call for radical reimagining of race relations beyond the nation form.

  18. NERO’S ANCESTRY AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF IMPERIAL IDEOLOGY IN THE EARLY EMPIRE. A METHODOLOGICAL CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Hekster

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Within the discipline of ancient history, diverse types of sources, such as coins, inscriptions, portraits and texts, are often combined to create a coherent image of a particular ruler. A good example of how such a process works is the way in which reconstructions by modern scholars of the emperor Nero tend to look for a clearly defined ‘Neronian image’, by bringing together various types of primary evidence without paying sufficient attention to these sources’ medial contexts. This article argues that such a reconstruction does not do justice to the complex and multi-layered image of the last Julio-Claudian. By focusing on one particular aspect of Neronian imagery, the propagation of this emperor’s ancestry, we will argue that different types of sources, stemming from varying contexts and addressing different groups, cannot unproblematically be combined. Through an investigation of the ancestral messages spread by imperial and provincial coins, epigraphic evidence and portraiture, it becomes clear that systematic analysis of ancient media, their various contexts and inconsistencies is needed before combining them. Such an analysis reveals patterns within the different sources and shows that, in creating imperial images, rulers were constrained by both medial and local traditions. Modern studies of ancient images should therefore consider this medial and geographical variety in order to do justice to the multi-faceted phenomenon of imperial representation.

  19. 肌萎缩侧索硬化患者肌电图与ALS-FRS-R 的研究%Correlation between ALS-FRS-R and electromyography in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢苗; 王迎新; 宋春莉; 陶定波

    2015-01-01

    [ Abstract] Objective To study the correlation between ALS-FRS-R and amplitude, latitude of related muscles EMG MUAP with light contraction in patients with ALS.Methods The ALS-FRS-R and EMG check were finished in all 25 patients with ALS,and the correlations between ALS-FRS-R and EMG amplitude, latitude of bilateral musculus tibialis anterior ( MTA), bilateral musculus extensor digitorum ( MEDC), musculus rectus abdominis (MRA)and sternocleidomastoid with light contraction were recorded and analyzed respectively.Results There was correlation between ALS-FRS-R and EMG amplitude of right MTA with light contraction in 23 patients with ALS(P<0.05).Both amplitude of all the patients light contraction of left MTA, bilateral MEDC, MRA, SCM and latitude of all the related muscles had no correlation with their ALS-FRS-R.Conclusion There is correlation between ALS-FRS-R and electromyography amplitude of individual related muscles with light contraction in 23 patients with ALS.Consequently,EMG could only be used to diagnose ALS,but not to be applied to evaluate the severity of the disease in patients with ALS.%目的:研究肌萎缩侧索硬化(ALS)患者肌电图(EMG)相关肌肉小力收缩时运动单位动作电位(MUAP)的波幅(Amp)和时限(Lat)与肌萎缩侧索硬化功能评分(ALS-FRS-R)之间的相关性。方法25例ALS 患者分别进行 ALS-FRS-R 和 EMG 检查,分别记录并分析左右胫骨前肌、左右伸指总肌、腹直肌及胸锁乳突肌小力收缩时 MUAP 的 Amp 和 Lat 与 ALS-FRS-R 的相关性。结果23例 ALS 患者右胫骨前肌小力收缩时 Amp 与 ALS-FRS-R 存在相关性,R 2=0.173,P=0.043。左胫骨前肌、左右伸指总肌、腹直肌及胸锁乳突肌小力收缩时的 Amp 及左右胫骨前肌、左右伸指总肌、腹直肌及胸锁乳突肌小力收缩时的 Lat 与 ALS-FRS-R 不存在相关性(P>0.05)。结论EMG 中仅个

  20. Benevolence for Obedience: Policies on Muslims in Late Imperial and Modern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James D. Frankel

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In telling the story of Islam in China, scholars have tended to depict the historical encounter of China’s Muslim population with the social, political and cultural forces of Chinese state and society in terms of either “conflict or concord.” This generalization, which reduces a complex and nuanced history to a simple binary, is flawed not because it is completely untrue, but rather because its truth is incomplete. Chinese Muslims’ responses to the social and cultural context in which they live have been diverse and multifaceted, and the phenomenon of Islam in China is no more a monolith than either of the two great, multifaceted civilizations that lend it its name. In late imperial China, within the same century, albeit at different ends of the Empire, examples of both types of Muslim response to Chinese hegemony were witnessed: intellectual rapprochement and armed rebellion. In between those extremes, however, we see varying degrees of Muslim assimilation to the norms of Chinese society and a variety of positions adopted by the imperium and officialdom vis-à-vis the Empire’s Muslim subjects. In many ways, this pattern is repeated in the People’s Republic of China (PRC today.

  1. Geothermal Loan Guarantee Program: Westmorland Development Project, Imperial County, California: Environmental assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-04-01

    The action assessed is the guaranty of a loan by DOE to finance geothermal exploration, development, and testing by Mapco Geothermal, Inc. and Republic Geothermal, Inc. in the Westmorland area of Imperial County, California. Initial drilling and flow testing of up to three production wells will occur in the exploratory phase. Exploration is proposed for either or both of two portions of the leasehold area. If exploration confirms the presence of a viable resource in the Sweetwater area, the preferred site based on limited temperature data, then up to 19 new production wells and three new injection wells may be drilled and tested there in preparation for the construction of a 55-MW double-flash electric power plant. If, however, the Sweetwater resource proves infeasible, further exploration and possible full-field development may occur instead at the Dearborn-Kalin-Landers area. At this site, up to 19 new production wells and three new injection wells may be drilled and tested, with six existing wells also used for injection. This environmental assessment chiefly addresses effects of the drilling and testing program. In summary, this paper discusses the proposed action, describes the existing environment and discusses the potential environmental impacts. 75 refs. (LSP)

  2. Initial characterization of the groundwater system near the Lower Colorado Water Supply Project, Imperial Valley, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coes, Alissa L.; Land, Michael; Densmore, Jill N.; Landrum, Michael T.; Beisner, Kimberly R.; Kennedy, Jeffrey R.; Macy, Jamie P.; Tillman, Fred D

    2015-01-01

    In 2009, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the city of Needles, began a study of the hydrogeology along the All-American Canal, which conveys water from the Colorado River to the Imperial Valley. The focus of this study was to gain a better understanding of the effect of lining the All-American Canal, and other management actions, on future total dissolved solids concentrations in groundwater pumped by Lower Colorado Water Supply Project wells that is delivered to the All-American Canal. The study included the compilation and evaluation of previously published hydrogeologic and geochemical information, establishment of a groundwater-elevation and groundwater-quality monitoring network, results of monitoring groundwater elevations and groundwater quality from 2009 to 2011, site-specific hydrologic investigations of the Lower Colorado Water Supply Project area, examination of groundwater salinity by depth by using time-domain electromagnetic surveys, and monitoring of groundwater-storage change by using microgravity methods. 

  3. Formation of Medical Units in Response to Epidemics in the Australian Imperial Force in Palestine 1918

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. G Dennis Shanks MD

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the closing days of the First World War, British cavalry operations defeated the Turkish Armies in Palestine. Australian Light Horse Regiments as part of the Australian Imperial Forces (AIF were prominent in the capture of Amman, Beirut and Damascus. Epidemic infectious diseases were part of the severe desert environment faced by soldiers in the Middle East. Cholera and dysentery epidemics required reformation of medical units to emphasize mobility in an austere environment. A large epidemic of falciparum malaria coinciding with pandemic influenza shut down military operations and caused many deaths in late 1918. Three separate military medical units were formed in Egypt to address epidemic infectious diseases during mobile operations in the desert: ANZAC Field Laboratory, 5th Malaria Diagnosis Station and 7th Mobile Sanitary Section. Laboratory and preventive medicine units were critical to the military’s ability to conduct operations in the Middle East in 1918 and are likely to become vital for future missions in developing countries. As was the case in 1918, military medical units may have to be acutely restructured to control infectious disease outbreaks

  4. Hilasterion and imperial ideology: A new reading of Romans 3:25

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Wilson

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Paul uses the hapax legomenon  ίλαστήριον in Romans 3:25. Pauline scholars have discussed the background for Paul’s use of the word, whether from the LXX, Second Temple practice or pagan inscriptions. Two altars were found in the Asian city of Metropolis in the early 1990s with the dedication Καίσαρος ἱλαστηρίου. This article discusses their discovery, the history of Metropolis and the possible relationship of Paul to the city. It explores the date of the erection of the altars by establishing a viable sitz im leben early in the reign of Augustus. It then traces the semantic history of the  ίλαστήριον and attempts to establish its possible meaning within Pauline theology. Finally, the question whether ίλαστήριον should be added to the vocabulary of imperial ideology in Paul’s writings is addressed.

  5. Assessment of lead exposure in Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti) from spent ammunition in central Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, Julia Rodriguez-Ramos; Hofle, Ursula; Mateo, Rafael; de Francisco, Olga Nicolas; Abbott, Rachel; Acevedo, Pelayo; Blanco, Juan-Manuel

    2011-01-01

    The Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti) is found only in the Iberian Peninsula and is considered one of the most threatened birds of prey in Europe. Here we analyze lead concentrations in bones (n = 84), livers (n = 15), primary feathers (n = 69), secondary feathers (n = 71) and blood feathers (n = 14) of 85 individuals collected between 1997 and 2008 in central Spain. Three birds (3.6%) had bone lead concentration > 20 (mu or u)g/g and all livers were within background lead concentration. Bone lead concentrations increased with the age of the birds and were correlated with lead concentration in rachis of secondary feathers. Spatial aggregation of elevated bone lead concentration was found in some areas of Montes de Toledo. Lead concentrations in feathers were positively associated with the density of large game animals in the area where birds were found dead or injured. Discontinuous lead exposure in eagles was evidenced by differences in lead concentration in longitudinal portions of the rachis of feathers.

  6. Imperial or postcolonial governance? Dissecting the genealogy of a global public health strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Tim; Bell, Morag

    2008-11-01

    During the last decades of the 20th century it became increasingly apparent that the inter-relationship between globalisation and health is extremely complex. This complexity is highlighted in debates surrounding the re-emergence of infectious diseases, where it is recognised that the processes of globalisation have combined to create the conditions where once localised, microbial hazards have come to pose a threat to many western nations. By contrast, in an emerging literature relating to the epidemic of non-communicable diseases, and reflected in the WHO 'Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health', it is the so-called 'western lifestyle' that has been cast as the main threat to a population's health. This paper explores critically global responses to this development. Building on our interest in questions of governance and the ethical management of the healthy body, we examine whether the global strategy, in seeking to contain the influence of a 'western lifestyle', also promotes contemporary 'western-inspired' approaches to public health practices. The paper indicates that a partial reading of the WHO strategy suggests that certain countries, especially those outside the West, are being captured or 'enframed' by the integrative ambitions of a western 'imperial' vision of global health. However, when interpreted critically through a postcolonial lens, we argue that 'integration' is more complex, and that the subtle and dynamic relations of power that exist between countries of the West/non-West, are exposed.

  7. Un «thoracatus» imperial en Los Bañales (Uncastillo, Zaragoza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis ROMERO NOVELLA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo informa sobre el hallazgo de un conjunto de fragmentos escultóricos recuperados en contexto de amortización secundario en el foro de la ciudad romana de Los Bañales (Uncastillo, Zaragoza durante el verano de 2013. Este conjunto de piezas realizadas en mármol de Carrara incluye la parte inferior y central de una coraza profusamente decorada con escenas de spolia hostium, así como las piernas y zona de la cintura de una estatua junto a otros elementos pertenecientes a la misma –hombro, mano y fragmentos de las pterykes y del paludamentum–. Se plantea la probable adscripción de los fragmentos presentados a una única thoracata imperial probablemente –a juzgar por diversos detalles iconográficos de la coraza y formales del resto de la pieza– de fecha domicianea. Además se pone a la thoracata en relación con lo que sabemos de este singular municipio flavio del convento Cesaraugustano planteando, incluso, una hipótesis sobre la ubicación primaria del monumento en una de las scholae del pórtico occidental del foro de Los Bañales.

  8. Loan Documentation of the Ancient Rome Imperial Alimentary Fund (Tabula «Veleia»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael N. Saiko

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The mortgage contracts engraved on the bronze plaques found in the Italian region Veleia and called Tabula «Veleia» are in the focus of investigation of the present paper. These are the agreements between authorities of the Imperial alimentary fund in Gallia Cispadana and Liguria and land owners of Veleia, Placentia, Luca, Parma and Libarna about granting loans on land lending. Money got on interest payments were directed towards orphans and poor parents free-born children support till their adulthood. Tabula «Veleia» contains 52 loan contracts, 15 of which are translated into Russian in full, others are given in brief. The structure and content of these mortgages are determined and some mistakes in calculations are found in the documents and some publications. The land domain size the square of which ranges from some dozens jugerum till more than 1000 jugerum is analyzed. The attention is also paid to the owners’ estates consisted of separate manors the square of which ranged within considerable limits (from 2 till 490 jugerum and their names are studied. It is determined that the manors’ names which end with «anus» belonged to the Roman names, others – to the Celt-Ligurian. Tabula «Veleia» allows becoming more familiar with finance and credit documents and the conclusions made on the basis of its analysis promote the deep insight in the social-economic relations of Ancient Rome.

  9. From Artaxerxes to Abu Ghraib: on religion and the pornography of imperial violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce Lincoln

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the wake of September 11, 2001, much has been written about religious groups commonly called ‘terrorist’, building on an older literature whose equally tendentious buzzwords were ‘cult’ and ‘fundamentalism’. In general, the conclusions advanced within such works tilt sometimes in the direction of alarm, and sometimes in that of reassurance. The amount of academic attention devoted to a given threat ought reflect its seriousness, based on calculations of the likelihood that threat will be realized and the destruction it can unleash. Among the most dangerous of situations is that in which an extremely powerful state bent on conquest finds and deploys religious arguments that encourage its aggressive tendencies and imperial ambitions. Believing that it may be useful to consider data sufficiently removed from the present to afford some critical distance, I have devoted much of my research in recent years to the role played by religion in Achaemenid Persia (550–330 bce, the largest, wealthiest, most powerful empire of antiquity before the emergence of Rome. As a convenient summary of that research, I propose to discuss two Achaemenian data, each of which can assume emblematic status. Only after that exercise will I return to contemporary materials and issues.

  10. Traumatic injuries and imperialism: the effects of Egyptian colonial strategies at Tombos in upper Nubia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buzon, Michele R; Richman, Rebecca

    2007-06-01

    As circumstances of conquest change, leaders of empires must adapt their colonial strategies in order to be successful. One example of such modification in approach is the shift from Middle Kingdom to New Kingdom Egyptian colonial activities in Nubia. During the Middle Kingdom (2050-1650 BC) Egypt used aggressive military campaigns to subdue the strong Nubian polity at Kerma, resulting in the construction of fortresses and many victory stelae. In the subsequent New Kingdom period (1550-1050 BC) during which the Egyptian administration succeeded in occupying nearly all of Nubia, changes were necessary in conquest strategies. Diplomacy and cooperation may have replaced military action as mechanisms of control. This article investigates changes in imperial policy through the examination of traumatic injuries in human skeletal remains. Patterns of injuries in a sample from the site of Tombos, an Egyptian colonial cemetery in Nubia dating to the New Kingdom period, are compared with data on the patterns of injuries from Kerma, a cemetery dating to the Middle Kingdom period, published by Judd (2004). Analysis indicates a decrease in the level of traumatic injuries from Kerma to Tombos supporting the idea that through time the Egyptian administration modified their colonial strategy toward more nonviolent means. This article presents data on differences in the patterns of injury at Tombos and Kerma and explores possible explanations for this variation.

  11. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): FRS_ESF10

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web service contains the following layers: RMP, TRI, FRP, RCRATSD, CERCLIS, TSCA, and E-PLAN facilities and their associated CONTACTS, CHEMICALS, NAIP, SIC, and...

  12. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): FRS_ESF3

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web service contains the following layers: WWTP -NPDES and WTP. The WWTP-NPDES facilties have associated CONTACTS, NAIP, SIC, and STATE IDs information. Layers...

  13. Rector's office as of 31 December 2005

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    TÜ rektoraadi koosseis: rektor prof. Jaak Aaviksoo, teadusprorektor prof. Ain Heinaru, õppeprorektor prof. Tõnu Lehtsaar, prorektor prof. Jaak Kangilaski; administratsioonidirektor Mihkel Pärnoja, finantsdirektor Taimo Saan, haldusdirektor Riho Illak, akadeemiline sekretär Ivar-Igor Saarniit

  14. Rector's office as of 31 December 2006

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Rektor prof. Jaak Aaviksoo, teadusprorektor prof. Ain Heinaru, õppeprorektor prof. Birute Klaas, administratsioonidirektor prof. Mihkel Pärnoja, finantsdirektor Taimo saan, haldusdirektor Riho Illak, akadeemiline sekretär Ivar-Igor Saarniit

  15. Los principios rectores del derecho tributario

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    La necesidad de diseñar y coordinar la política fiscal del Estado, encuentra en el principio de legalidad un sólido fundamento constitucional, especialmente en cuanto tiene que ver con las competencias que puede atribuirse a las entidades territoriales, siempre bajo un criterio de “unidad económica”. Por lo anterior se planteó en Colombia la necesidad de que la propia Constitución definiera parámetros fundamentales para nuestro Sistema Tributario, reduciendo al máximo la posibilidad de las in...

  16. Rector's office as of 31 December 2006

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Rektor prof. Jaak Aaviksoo, teadusprorektor prof. Ain Heinaru, õppeprorektor prof. Birute Klaas, administratsioonidirektor prof. Mihkel Pärnoja, finantsdirektor Taimo saan, haldusdirektor Riho Illak, akadeemiline sekretär Ivar-Igor Saarniit

  17. Rector's office as of 31 December 2005

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    TÜ rektoraadi koosseis: rektor prof. Jaak Aaviksoo, teadusprorektor prof. Ain Heinaru, õppeprorektor prof. Tõnu Lehtsaar, prorektor prof. Jaak Kangilaski; administratsioonidirektor Mihkel Pärnoja, finantsdirektor Taimo Saan, haldusdirektor Riho Illak, akadeemiline sekretär Ivar-Igor Saarniit

  18. R4FRS_CERCLIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — To improve public health and the environment, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) collects information about facilities, sites, or places...

  19. Integrated Modeling of Water Policy Futures in the Imperial-Mexicali Valleys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kjelland, M. K.; Forster, C. B.; Grant, W. E.; Collins, K.

    2004-12-01

    Divided by an international border, the Imperial-Mexicali Valleys (IMVs) are linked by shared history, natural resources, culture and economy. This region is experiencing changes driven by policy makers both within and outside the IMVs. The largest external decision, the Colorado River Quantification Settlement Agreement (QSA) of 2003, opens the door to a laboratory for studying the consequences of a massive transfer of agricultural water to municipal users. Two irrigation districts, two urban water agencies and the State of California have agreed to a 75 year of more than 30 million acre-feet of Colorado River water from agricultural to urban use. Although Imperial Valley farmers will be compensated for water conservation and land fallowing, the economic, environmental and social consequences are unclear. Farmers who fallow will likely cause a greater impact on local businesses and government than those choosing on-field water conservation. Reduced agricultural water use causes reduced flow of irrigation runoff, at higher salinity than before, to the Salton Sea that, in turn, impacts the population dynamics of Ichthyan and Avian species at the Salton Sea. Municipal wastewater discharged into the New River by Mexicali, Mexico is also an important source of inflow to the Salton Sea that will be reduce by plans to reclaim the wastewater for various uses, including cooling water for two new power plants in the Mexicali. A restoration program is funded to produce a Sea with much reduced surface area. But this approach may, in turn, lead to increases in windblown dust from the dry lakebed that will contribute to an air basin already designated as a federal nonattainment area for particulate emissions. Additional water will be conserved by lining the All American and Coachella canals. But, eliminating seepage from the All American canal reduces groundwater recharge to aquifers used by Mexican farmers. A complex interplay of water-related issues must be accounted for if

  20. La Calidad de las Aguas en los Ríos Cautín e Imperial, IX Región-Chile Water Quality in the Cautín and Imperial Rivers, IX Region-Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.R. Rivera

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer la calidad descriptiva de agua de los ríos Cautín e Imperial que conforman la cuenca hidrográfica del río Imperial ubicada en la IX Región de la Araucanía-Chile. La caracterización fisicoquímica y microbiológica se efectuó fijando diez estaciones de muestreo. Los resultados muestran que las aguas de estos ríos no presentan problemas fisicoquímicos, de acuerdo a las normas chilenas oficiales. En la parte microbiológica se encontró un recuento alto de bacterias coliformes totales en algunas estaciones de muestreo, lo cual les da el carácter de no aptas para actividades con contacto directo y para el riego de verduras y frutas que se desarrollan a ras de suelo. Se puede predecir que una disminución del caudal de los ríos en el estiaje, provocará la mayor modificación del ecosistema, situación que se hace más crítica por la falta de un plan de manejo integral adecuadoThe objective of this work was to establish the descriptive water quality of the Cautín and Imperial rivers which form the Imperial River hydrographic basin in the IX Region of Araucanía, Chile. Physicochemical and microbiological evaluations were made at ten sampling stations. Physicochemical parameters measured in these rivers did not exceed the legally established Chilean water criteria. Microbiological testing showed high counts of coliform bacteria at some stations, exceeding water quality criteria for use in direct contact activities as well as for watering fruits and vegetables that develop at ground level. It can be predicted that reductions in river flow volume during dry periods will produce further modifications in this environment, which at present is not regulated by an appropriate integral management plan

  1. Épocas de aplicação de proexadione cálcio no controle do desenvolvimento vegetativo de macieiras 'Imperial Gala ' Application timing of prohexadione calcium on vegetative growth control of 'Imperial Gala' apples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando José Hawerroth

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O controle do desenvolvimento vegetativo é fundamental na cultura da macieira, a fim de aumentar a eficiência produtiva e a qualidade dos frutos produzidos. O desenvolvimento dos ramos pode ser reduzido pelo uso de substâncias inibidoras da biossíntese de giberelinas, como o proexadione cálcio, sendo a resposta deste fitorregulador dependente do padrão sazonal do crescimento da parte aérea. O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes épocas de aplicação de proexadione cálcio no controle do desenvolvimento vegetativo de macieiras 'Imperial Gala', nas condições climáticas do Sul do Brasil. No ciclo de 2008/2009, foram avaliadas seis épocas de aplicação de 330 g ha-1 de proexadione cálcio (28; 58; 88; 118; 148 e 178 dias após a plena floração - DAPF e sete épocas de aplicação em 2009/2010 (20; 50; 80; 110; 140, 170 e 200 DAPF, além do tratamento-testemunha. Aplicações de proexadione cálcio a 330 g ha-1, realizadas aos 20 a 28 dias após a plena floração reduzem o comprimento médio e a massa fresca média dos ramos podados em macieiras 'Imperial Gala'.The control of vegetative growth is crucial in apple orchards in order to increase production efficiency and fruit quality. The shoot development may be reduced by inhibitors of gibberellins synthesis, as prohexadione calcium, and the response of this plant growth regulator depends on the seasonal pattern of shoot growth. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different application timing of prohexadione calcium on vegetative growth control of 'Imperial Gala' apple trees, in the climatic conditions of Southern Brazil. In 2008/2009 growing season, the following application timings of prohexadione calcium at 330 g ha-1 were evaluated: 28, 58, 88, 118, 148 and 178 days after full bloom - DAFB, and in 2009/2010 growing season, the application timings were: 20, 50, 80, 110, 140, 170 and 200 DAFB, and a control treatment. Applications of

  2. [The anatomical revolution and the transition of anatomical conception in late imperial china].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sihn, Kyu Hwan

    2012-04-30

    This paper aimed to examine the anatomical revolution from Yilingaicuo (Correcting the Errors of Medicine) and Quantixinlun(Outline of Anatomy and Physiology) in late imperial China. As the cephalocentrism which the brain superintend human operation of the mind was diffused in China since 16th century, the cephalocentrism and the cardiocentrism had competed for the hegemony of anatomical conception. Because of the advent of Yilingaicuo and Quantixinlun, the cephalocentrism became the main stream in the anatomical conception. The supporters of the Wang Yangming's Xinxue(the Learning of Heart and Mind) argued that the heart was the central organ of perception, sensitivity, and morality of the human body in medicine since 16th century. Even reformist and revolutionary intellectuals like Tan sitong and Mao zedong who had supported the Wang Yangming's Xinxue embraced the cephalocentrism in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. May Fourth intellectuals had not obsessed metaphysical interpretation of human body any more in the New Culture Movement in 1910s. They regarded human body as the object of research and writing. The anatomy was transformed into the instrumental knowledge for mutilation of the body. Yilingaicuo challenged the traditional conception of body, and Chinese intellectuals drew interest in the anatomy knowledge based on real mutilation. Quantixinlun based on Western medicine fueled a controversy about anatomy. Though new knowledge of anatomy was criticized by traditional Chinese medical doctors from the usefulness and morality of anatomy, nobody disavowed new knowledge of anatomy from the institutionalization of Western medicine in medical school. The internal development of cephalocentrism and positivism had influence on anatomy in China since 16th century. The advent of Yilingaicuo and Quantixinlun provided the milestone of new anatomy, though both sides represented traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine respectively. They

  3. Building Baluchitherium and Indricotherium: imperial and international networks in early-twentieth century paleontology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manias, Chris

    2015-01-01

    Over the first decades of the twentieth century, the fragmentary remains of a huge prehistoric ungulate were unearthed in scientific expeditions in India, Turkestan and Mongolia. Following channels of formal and informal empire, these were transported to collections in Britain, Russia and the United States. While striking and of immense size, the bones proved extremely difficult to interpret. Alternately naming the creature Paraceratherium, Baluchitherium and Indricotherium, paleontologists Clive Forster-Cooper, Alexei Borissiak and Henry Fairfield Osborn struggled over the reconstruction of this gigantic fossil mammal. However, despite these problems, shared work on the creature served as a focus for collaboration and exchange rather than rivalry between these three scientific communities. Not only did the initial interpretation and analysis depend on pre-existing connections between British and American paleontological institutions, but the need for comparative material, recognition and contacts brought British and American scholars into communication and exchange with their counterparts in the Soviet Union. This article examines these processes. It first uses these excavations as a comparative case-study of different manifestations of colonial science in this period, examining how scholars in the Britain, the Russian Empire and the United States used formal and informal colonial links to Asia to pursue new research. It then moves to examine how the common problem of reconstructing this giant animal drew metropolitan scientific communities together, at least for a time. The construction of the Baluchitherium and Indricotherium illustrates the drives to expand research both imperially and internationally in the early-twentieth century, but also the continual problems in resources, institutionalization, transport and communication that could run up against scientific work.

  4. Infection, contagion, and public health in late medieval and early modern German imperial towns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinzelbach, Annemarie

    2006-07-01

    From today's point of view, the concepts of "miasma" and "contagion" appear to be two mutually exclusive perceptions of the spread of epidemic diseases, and quite a number of historians have tried to discuss the history of public health and epidemic diseases in terms of a progression from the miasmic to the contagionist concept. More detailed local studies, however, indicate how extremely misleading it may be to separate such medical concepts and ideas from their actual historical context. The article presented here, based on local studies in late medieval and early modern imperial towns in southern Germany, demonstrates to what extent the inhabitants of these towns had notions of both "miasma" and "contagion." Furthermore, a contextual analysis of language shows that they did not see a necessity to strictly distinguish between these different concepts relating to the spread of diseases. Tracing the meaning of "infection" and "contagion," we find that these terms were used in connection with various diseases, and that a change in the use of the expressions does not necessarily imply a change of the corresponding notion. Moreover, a coexistence of differing perceptions cannot--as some historians have suggested--be attributed to a divergence between the academic medicine and the popular ideas of that period. A survey of measures and actions in the public health sector indicates that a coexistence of--from our point of view--inconsistent concepts helped the authorities as well as the individuals to find means of defense and consolation during all those crises caused by epidemic diseases--crises that occurred very frequently in these towns during the late medieval and early modern periods. As the article demonstrates, the interaction during such crises reveals the continuity of ancient rituals and concepts as well as the adoption of new insights resulting from changes in the economical, political, scientific, religious, and social structures.

  5. Carbon uptake, microbial community structure, and mineralization of layered mats from Imperial Geyser, Yellowstone National Park

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woycheese, K. M.; Grabenstatter, J.; Haddad, A.; Ricci, J. N.; Johnson, H.; Berelson, W.; Spear, J. R.; Caporaso, J. G.; International Geobiology Course 2011

    2011-12-01

    Layered microbial mats provide an analog for early microbial communities, and remain one of the few microbiological structures consistently preserved in the geologic record. Despite this, growth rates, metabolic capabilities, and methods of mineralization in modern communities are poorly understood. Imperial Geyser, an alkaline siliceous hot spring in Yellowstone National Park, provides a useful setting to study these parameters. Mat and water samples (T = 64-40 °C) were collected for 13C analysis and 13C-spiked bicarbonate and acetate incubation experiments. Carbon isotopes were measured for the stream water, pore water and biomass. We experimentally determined rates of bicarbonate uptake, acetate uptake and mineral content. Bicarbonate uptake rates ranged from 0 - 0.4% per day, while acetate uptake rates ranged from 0 - 2.0% per day. These results indicate that the mat biomass is capable of turnover in about 300 days resulting in potential growth rates of 1-2 cm/year. Organic carbon content (% dry weight) ranged from 2 to 16%, and decreased with depth in the mat. The mineral content of these mats is predominantly amorphous SiO2. An inverse correlation between mineral percent and bicarbonate uptake rate was observed, suggesting that there may be a link between metabolism and the prevention of mineralization. Comparing the 13C and carbon uptake rates with 16S rDNA pyrosequencing data we were able to hypothesize the carbon fixation pathways and heterotrophic interactions occurring in this environment. In general, two patterns of 13C values were observed. The first pattern was characterized by increased heterotrophy with depth. In the other, preliminary evidence supporting a photoheterotrophic lifestyle for Roseiflexus spp. was found.

  6. ENGLISH AS A MEANS OF SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION: LINGUISTIC IMPERIALISM OR INTERLINGUA?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia G. Popova

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the process of globalisation has strengthened the position of the English language as a means of communication in all spheres of life, including scientific communication. The expansion of one language not only necessitates changes in the status of other national languages and the emergence of a hierarchical relationship between them, but also significantly affects the political and economic balance of power in the world. The global dominance of English in science not only confers distinct advantages on its native speakers but also discriminates against scholars from non-Anglophone societies. As a result, a threat arises concerning the loss to humanity of unique, culture-specific ways of understanding reality. Materials and Methods: on the basis of an analysis of modern trends and literature review, such mani¬festations of linguistic imperialism in the field of academic communication as the IMRaD format, CLIL teaching technologies and English academic writing centres are revealed. Subsequently, these phenomena are investigated using empirical sociological methods: in-depth expert interviews, participant observation and the content study of chemistry papers indexed in Scopus. Results: it is demonstrated that the Anglophone societies use the global distribution of the English language to advance their competitive advantage in the field of science. The implementation of English language instruction in higher education and Anglophone communicative patterns in scholarly communication – particularly with regard to the representation of research results – might have a negative effect both on the development of researchers’ competencies and their future effectiveness in advancing science. Discussion and Conclusions: it is concluded that an increased awareness of potential threats caused by the dominance of the English language in scientific communication is needed among all the participants of scientific communication, including

  7. Vaccination policy against smallpox, 1835-1914: a comparison of England with Prussia and Imperial Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennock, E P

    1998-04-01

    There are three identifiable phases in comparing vaccination policy in England, Prussia and Imperial Germany. (1) Prior to the 1870's the tradition of medical police in Prussia resulted in the vaccination of the population being treated as a State responsibility earlier than in England and provided an appropriate administrative framework. The administrative pressure that could be exerted persuaded the Prussian authorities that legislation to make vaccination compulsory was unnecessary. In contrast, England and Wales lacked both the tradition and administrative structures of a medical police. Legislation (1840, 1853) for free and universal infant vaccination was followed by radical ideological and administrative innovation. (2) From 1875 to 1889 both countries provided free and compulsory vaccination for all. In England this was limited to infants; in Germany including Prussia, it included the re-vaccination of children. (3) After 1889 England and Germany began to diverge more sharply. In England vaccination rates fell and after 1898 conscientious objectors were excused from having to have their children vaccinated. Germany retained compulsory vaccination and rates in the two countries increasingly diverged. England came to rely on the local public health administration for the surveillance and containment of smallpox, including selective vaccination of contacts. Despite these differences smallpox mortality dropped sharply in both countries, although in Germany somewhat earlier. The English reliance on surveillance and containment prefigures that of the WHO in the eradication of smallpox in the Third World. It suggests that the emphasis on the importance of high levels of mass vaccination in the German literature should perhaps be revised.

  8. Political aspects of geographical information technologies with examples from imperial and post-independence India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudley, Graham David

    The goal of this research is to examine some of the political dimensions of digital geographical information technologies in order to allow better assessment of their increasing use. Although the conclusions and recommendations are applicable to many regions of the world where these technologies are being introduced, this research derives most of its examples from India. Since at least the early days of British imperialism, decisions regarding land use in India have been informed by various types of information, including cartographic ones. In this thesis it is argued that this information was neither neutral nor objective but rather formed political and ideological statements concerning social relations with the landscape. These statements were reflected both in the nature of the data which were collected and in the ways in which these data were presented. By examining the historical evolution of geographical information technologies in British India and attendant social and environmental impacts, the stage is set for critical speculation on the possible impacts resulting from the introduction of digital geographical information technologies such as remote sensing and geographical information systems. This research draws heavily from the work of historian of cartography Brian Harley. Harley's work is extended to include consideration of the ways in which human-environment relationships are reflected and altered by geographic information technologies. This discussion of possible political and environment implications is influenced by recent literature in the areas of political ecology and the history of cartography. It is concluded that although there are many obstacles including unequal access to the technology, unequal access to information, and issues of control over information creation, which may reinforce and intensify existing social and political inequities, there is cause for some cautious optimism about the potential beneficial outcomes of the use of

  9. Evaluation on chemical stability of lead blast furnace (LBF) and imperial smelting furnace (ISF) slags.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Nang-Htay; Sivry, Yann; Guyot, François; Lens, Piet N L; van Hullebusch, Eric D

    2016-09-15

    The leaching behavior of Pb and Zn from lead blast furnace (LBF) and imperial smelting furnace (ISF) slags sampled in the North of France was studied as a function of pHs and under two atmospheres (open air and nitrogen). The leaching of major elements from the slags was monitored as a function of pH (4, 5.5, 7, 8.5 and 10) under both atmospheres for different slag-water interaction times (1 day and 9 days). The leaching results were coupled with a geochemical model; Visual MINTEQ version 3.0, and a detailed morphological and mineralogical analysis was performed on the leached slags by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). Significant amounts of Ca, Fe and Zn were released under acidic conditions (pH 4) with a decrease towards the neutral to alkaline conditions (pH 7 and 10) for both LBF and ISF slags. On the other hand, Fe leachability was limited at neutral to alkaline pH for both slags. The concentrations of all elements increased gradually after 216 h compared to initial 24 h of leaching period. The presence of oxygen under open-air atmosphere not only enhanced oxidative weathering but also encouraged formation of secondary oxide and carbonate phases. Formation of carbonates and clay minerals was suggested by Visual MINTEQ which was further confirmed by SEM & TEM. The hydration and partial dissolution of hardystonite, as well as the destabilization of amorphous glassy matrix mainly contributed to the release of major elements, whereas the spinel related oxides were resistant against pH changes and atmospheres within the time frame concerned for both LBF and ISF slags. The total amount of Pb leached out at pH 7 under both atmospheres suggested that both LBF and ISF slags are prone to weathering even at neutral environmental conditions.

  10. The Restoration of Paintings at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century in the Imperial Gallery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alice Hoppe-Harnoncourt

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Les tableaux de la collection impériale à Vienne ont subi différentes phases de restauration. Dans la plupart des cas, celles-ci sont en rapport avec des évènements dans l´histoire de la galerie. Autour de l´année 1800, les traitements avaient généralement pour fonction d’adapter les peintures au goût du jour : beaucoup de changements de formats peuvent être retracés jusqu’à cette date ou les années précédentes. En revanche, après les guerres napoléoniennes, les interventions étaient de nature différente : la plupart des tableaux sur bois de la galerie ont été parquetés durant cette période. Appliquée systématiquement, cette méthode était apparemment considérée comme une solution de conservation à long terme.The paintings in the Imperial collection in Vienna underwent several phases of restoration treatments. In most cases they can be linked to events in the history of the picture gallery. In the years around 1800 the treatments seemed to be caused mainly by aesthetical aspects: many changes to the format of the paintings can be traced to that time. However, the treatments after the era of the Napoleonic wars were different: Most of the gallery’s panel paintings were cradled at that time. Since this method was applied systematically, it was probably considered as solution for a long lasting conservation.

  11. Los cabildos eclesiástico y civil de Antequera ante la crisis imperial de 1808-1810

    OpenAIRE

    CARLOS SÁNCHEZ SILVA; LUIS ALBERTO ARRIOJA DÍAZ VIRUELL

    2008-01-01

    El objetivo de este artículo es examinar las posturas que asumieron los cabildos eclesiástico y civil de Antequera del Valle de Oaxaca ante la crisis imperial de 1808: al plantear, por un lado, su fidelidad al rey, pero, por el otro, también la de saldar cuentas con varios asuntos pendientes, en particular respaldar una política radical y regresiva que suprimiera el sistema de intendencias en la Nueva España. En este sentido, el ensayo es un esfuerzo inicial por relacionar tanto el funcionami...

  12. [Reasons for abolishing the Massage Department of the Imperial Academy of Medicine in the 5(th) year of Longqing Period of the Ming Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qiang

    2012-01-01

    In the 5th year of the Longqing Period (1571) of the Ming Dynasty, with the abolishment of the Massage and Zhuyou Departments (the latter with a primitive witch doctor, who was dominant in administering incantations, prayers, fortune telling and medicine), the number of departments of the Imperial Academy of Medicine was reduced from thirteen to eleven. In the Jiaqing Period, Taoists occupied some positions in the Imperial Academy of Medicine. Some of them became imperial doctors or even the president, which resulted in Emperor Jiaqing pursuing immortality and neglecting duty on national affairs for more than 20 years. The abolishment of the Massage Department was associated with the official system of reform developed by Emperor Longqing and the prime minister, Gao Gong. Against the background of official reform, they also advanced bold reform in the two departments which Taoists occupied.

  13. Representações Bélicas na Arte Augustana e a Consolidação da Identidade Imperial Romana * War Representations in Augustan Art and Consolidation of the Imperial Roman Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    THIAGO DE ALMEIDA LOURENÇO CARDOSO PIRES

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Este artigo visa estabelecer uma breve reflexão sobre quais argumentos e dispositivos retóricos o Principado utilizou para legitimar o domínio de Roma sobre outros povos, culminando na ideia de mandato divino. Para tanto, irei explorar as representações simbólicas relativas à guerra contidas em alguns documentos artísticos do Principado de Augusto. Esta pesquisa faz parte do projeto "Império: teoria e prática imperialista romana", cuja perspectiva comparativista convida o diálogo com outros pesquisadores.Palavras-chave: Principado Augustano – Propaganda Imperial – História Visual. Abstract: This article aims to provide a brief reflection on what arguments and rhetorical devices the Principate used to legitimize the rule of Rome over other peoples, culminating in the idea of divine mandate. Therefore, I will explore the symbolic representations relating to the war contained in some artistic documents of Augusto’s Principate. This research is part of the project called ‘Empire: Roman imperialist theory and practice", whose comparativist perspective invites the dialogue with other researchers.Keywords: Augustan Principate – Imperial Propaganda – Visual History.

  14. O ensino profissionalizante na imperial cidade de são Paulo, Brasil (1823-1889 - Vocational education in the imperial city of São Paulo, Brazil (1823-1889

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lincoln Etchebéhère-Júnior, Sandra Farto Botelho Trufem

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Constitui objetivo deste trabalho a realização de um resgate histórico no  sentido  de demonstrar  que  o  Ensino  Profissionalizante,  hoje significativamente  valorizado e  discutido,  não  se configura como novidade  na história educacional de nossa província. Desde a  época da  Imperial Cidade de São  Paulo  existiram  varias  iniciativas no sentido de estabelecê-lo, de modo geral com história bem sucedida, de tal modo que alguns deles constituíram-se em embriões de afamadas escolas ou faculdades atuais. Palavras-chave: ensino profissionalizante; período     imperial; província de São Paulo.   VOCATIONAL EDUCATION IN THE IMPERIAL CITY OF SAO PAULO, BRAZIL (1823  - 1889 Abstract The objective of this work is the realization of a historical rescue of the Vocational Education, now significantly enhanced and discussed as a novelty in the educational history of our province. Since of the time of the Imperial City of São Paulo, there were several initiatives to  establish it,  in  general with successful history, so that  some of them  consisted  in  the  embryos of  many  renowned schools  and colleges today. Keywords: vocational education; the imperial period; the province of Sao Paulo.   EDUCACIÓN  PROFESIONAL  EN LA CIUDAD IMPERIAL DE SÃO PAULO, BRASIL (1823  - 1889 Resumen Objetivo de este trabajo es la realización de un histórico en el sentido de mostrar  que la  enseñanza  profesional,  ahora  mucho  mayor  y discutido,  no  está  diseñado   como  una   novedad  en  la  historia educativa de nuestra provincia. Desde la época de la imperial ciudad de São Paulo había varias iniciativas para su creación, en general con la historia de éxito, por lo que algunos de ellos consistió en embriones de muchas escuelas e universidades de renombre hoy en día. Palabras -clave:  formación   profesional;  la   época   imperial;  la provincia de Sao Paulo.   L

  15. Ciência e tecnologia no Brasil Imperial Guilherme Schüch, Barão de Capanema (1824-1908 Science and technology in Imperial Brazil Guilherme Schüch, Baron of Capanema (1824-1908

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Fernanda de Mendonça Figueirôa

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available O engenheiro e naturalista Guilherme Schüch de Capanema foi, sem dúvida, um expoente da elite Imperial. Circulou por importantes espaços institucionais científicos e técnicos, tendo atuado de forma bastante significativa para a implementação de uma cultura técnico-científica no Brasil e o conseqüente fortalecimento da engenharia e dos engenheiros. Entretanto, Capanema ainda permanece, assim como quase todos os cientistas do Segundo Império, um "desconhecido mal conhecido". O presente trabalho, contudo, não se propõe fazer sua extensa biografia, mas analisar e ressaltar aspectos de sua obra, relacionandoos a sua formação universitária e a sua prática enquanto engenheiro e naturalista.Guilherme Schüch de Capanema was a prominent member of the Brazilian imperial elite. He belonged to several important institutional loci giving his valuable contribution to the implementation of a technical-scientific culture in Brazil, and therefore to the strengthening of both the field of engineering and the engineers. However, Capanema still remains an .unknown not well known., as do the majority of the scientists of the Second Empire. This paper analyzes and stresses aspects of his professional and academic life, related to his university education, and to his practice as engineer and naturalist.

  16. 28 November 2013 - N. N. Kudryavtsev, Russian Rector of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology signing an Agreement and the Guest Book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer; visiting the ATLAS cavern with ATLAS Deputy Spokesperson B. Heinemann and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with AGH University of Science and Technology A. Erokhin. M. Savino, Physics Department, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research also present.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2013-01-01

    28 November 2013 - N. N. Kudryavtsev, Russian Rector of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology signing an Agreement and the Guest Book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer; visiting the ATLAS cavern with ATLAS Deputy Spokesperson B. Heinemann and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with AGH University of Science and Technology A. Erokhin. M. Savino, Physics Department, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research also present.

  17. Final Scientific / Technical Report, Geothermal Resource Exploration Program, Truckhaven Area, Imperial County, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Layman Energy Associates, Inc.

    2006-08-15

    With financial support from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Layman Energy Associates, Inc. (LEA) has completed a program of geothermal exploration at the Truckhaven area in Imperial County, California. The exploratory work conducted by LEA included the following activities: compilation of public domain resource data (wells, seismic data, geologic maps); detailed field geologic mapping at the project site; acquisition and interpretation of remote sensing imagery such as aerial and satellite photographs; acquisition, quality control and interpretation of gravity data; and acquisition, quality control and interpretation of resistivity data using state of the art magnetotelluric (MT) methods. The results of this exploratory program have allowed LEA to develop a structural and hydrologic interpretation of the Truckhaven geothermal resource which can be used to guide subsequent exploratory drilling and resource development. Of primary significance, is the identification of an 8 kilometer-long, WNW-trending zone of low resistivity associated with geothermal activity in nearby wells. The long axis of this low resistivity zone is inferred to mark a zone of faulting which likely provides the primary control on the distribution of geothermal resources in the Truckhaven area. Abundant cross-faults cutting the main WNW-trending zone in its western half may indicate elevated fracture permeability in this region, possibly associated with thermal upwelling and higher resource temperatures. Regional groundwater flow is inferred to push thermal fluids from west to east along the trend of the main low resistivity zone, with resource temperatures likely declining from west to east away from the inferred upwelling zone. Resistivity mapping and well data have also shown that within the WNW-trending low resistivity zone, the thickness of the Plio-Pleistocene sedimentary section above granite basement ranges from 1,900–2,600 meters. Well data indicates the lower part of this

  18. “O periodismo maçônico oitocentista da Corte imperial brasileira: notas de pesquisa”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Werneck Gonçalves

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to settle some initial grounds concerning the research entitled Periodismo maçônico, política e opinião pública na Corte imperial brasileira (1870-1875 , which is being developed in the scope of the Universidade Federal Fluminense History Post-Graduation Program (PPGH/UFF with financial support by Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES. The presence of the Masonic press widespread through the Brazilian imperial Court is being investigated in this research, especially during the period between 1870 and 1875, trying to expose its role not only in the formation of the public opinion but also in the construction of the modern public sphere. At first, analyses are being made on the Brazilian Masonry official journals, which are stored in the sections of Periódicos and Obras Raras of Biblioteca Nacional, located in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

  19. [Civil engineering education at the Imperial College of Engineering in Tokyo: an analysis based on Ayahiko Ishibashi's memoirs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wada, Masanori

    2014-01-01

    The Imperial College of Engineering (ICE or Kobu-Daigakko) in Tokyo, founded in 1873 under the auspices of the Ministry of Public Works, was one of the most prominent modern institutions of engineering education in early Meiji Japan. Previous studies have revealed that the ICE offered large scale practical training programs at enterprises of the Ministry, which sometimes lasted several months, and praised their ideal combination of theory and practice. In reality, it has been difficult to evaluate the quality of education at the ICE mainly because of scarcity of sources. ICE students published a collection of memoirs for alumni members, commemorating the fiftieth-year of the history of the Tokyo Imperial University. Drawing on the previously neglected collection of students' memoires, this paper appraises the education of civil engineering offered by the ICE. The paper also compares this collection with other official records of the college, and confirms it as a reliable source, even though it contains some minor errors. The author particularly uses the memoirs by Ayahiko Ishibashi, one of the first graduates from its civil engineering course, who left sufficient reminiscences on education that he received. This paper, as a result, illustrates that the main practical training for the students of civil engineering was limited to designing process, including surveying. Furthermore, practical training that Ishibashi received at those enterprises often lacked a plan, and its effectiveness was questionable.

  20. Balancing the principles: why the universality of human rights is not the Trojan horse of moral imperialism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semplici, Stefano

    2013-11-01

    The new dilemmas and responsibilities which arise in bioethics both because of the unprecedented pace of scientific development and of growing moral pluralism are more and more difficult to grapple with. At the 'global' level, the call for the universal nature at least of some fundamental moral values and principles is often being contended as a testament of arrogance, if not directly as a new kind of subtler imperialism. The human rights framework itself, which provided the basis for the most relevant international declarations and documents, is not exempt from the charge. However, the refusal of a top-down conception of the universal as a sort of product for exportation should not be confused with a relativistic landscape, where all the cows can be indifferently black or white. This contribution aims at outlining an approach, which reconciles universalism as enshrined in founding human rights declarations with respect for cultural diversity. In order to do so, two conceptual frameworks are discussed: the 'tool-kit' model and the morals/ethics difference. The example of the right to quality health care confirms the argument that striking a balance between cherishing pluralism and defending some fundamental rights and obligations does not amount to an assertion of moral imperialism.

  1. Cadet Education in the Imperial Russia: Genesis, Dialectics and the Role in Social Structure of the Society

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    Alexander P. Abramov

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article, using historic and sociological material, presents genesis, dialectics and the role of cadet education of the imperial Russia in the social structure of the society, its weak and strong aspects, determines major stratified features of its graduates. The author notes that the realization of the practice of professional socialization in cadet corps in certain historical period is determined by the social conditions and the factors of the development of the society, its structure and environment, reproducing the modal personality of the future officer. The professional environment of the cadet education in the imperial Russia is defined as closed, line, self-organizing system. Such environment provided the graduates with high social status and prestige in different fields, defined by generic characteristics (affiliation to nobility. Along with high educational and cultural level, modal personality of the graduate is characterized by aloofness from the juniors and subordinates, individualism and careerism, certain closedness towards one’s nation and other social groups.

  2. [The influenza pandemic of 1782, with special reference to its occurrence in the Imperial City of Nuremberg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasold, Manfred

    2011-01-01

    In Germany, very little research has been done on the flu pandemic of 1782. The year before, in 1781, an epidemic of dysentery had ravaged Central Europe quite seriously. The flu pandemic began in Germany in spring 1782. It took its origin in the Far East, probably in Imperial China. From there it slowly traveled westward and finally hit Russia and Germany. In early 1782, it arrived in eastern Prussia. Mortality rose, in Königsberg (Kaliningrad) mainly people over 30 died. From the German coast on the Baltic Sea the virus soon crossed over to England and Scotland. Within Germany it slowly moved southward, to places like Berlin, Weimar and further south. In Berlin very many people became sick. In spring 1782, in many parts of Germany, from east to west, people were bed-ridden. In Nuremberg, a young doctor described the symptoms of the disease and the therapy he gave to his patients in a pamphlet but apart from that there are few sources. Probably not many people consulted a doctor. Mortality in Nuremberg, it seems, did not rise very much. The city had been in decline since the 1750s, its population now shrunk even further. When this scourge hit Central Europe, the Holy Roman Empire was in decline, after an attack of famine and pestilence in the early 1770s and that epidemic of dysentery in 1781. It finally collapsed some 25 years later, in 1806, and the Imperial City of Nuremberg was absorbed by the Kingdom of Bavaria.

  3. The Social Democrats of Scholarship: Austrian Imperial Peripheries and the Making of a Progressive Science of Nationality, 1885–1903

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    Thomas R. Prendergast

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available To what extent and in what ways did the intellectual climate of Austria’s often ethnolinguistically heterogeneous borderlands contribute to the formation, institutionalization and diffusion of emerging social scientific discourses during the final decades of the 19th century? Investigating the intellectual exchange between two early proponents of folklore studies (Volkskunde—the Slavonian-German-Jewish Friedrich Salomon Krauss (1859–1938 and Bukovinian-German Raimund Friedrich Kaindl (1866–1930—this paper argues that imperial peripheries, while traditionally overlooked as sites of knowledge production, in fact played a pivotal role in the development of an important brand of “progressive” social scientific research, one defined by a critical stance toward the prevailing historicist paradigms of the time. These self-described “social democrats of scholarship” collaborated, both formally and informally, on a number of related theoretical projects aimed at disrupting the exclusionary narratives of the academic establishment and re-focusing scholarly attention on the sociological, rather than historical, character of ethnonational difference. In this way, the nationalities question spurred, both in the center and at the margins of the monarchy, the development of new sciences of nationality intended to sustain Austria’s imperial structure.

  4. Carbolineum in the Imperial burial vault of Vienna/Austria; Belastungen durch Carbolineum in der Wiener Kaisergruft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hutter, H.P.; Moshammer, H.; Kundi, M. [Medizinische Univ. Wien (Austria). Inst. fuer Umwelthygiene; Wallner, P. [Medizin und Umweltschutz (mus), Wien (Austria); Damberger, B. [Oesterreichisches Inst. fuer Baubiologie und -oekologie, Wien (Austria); Tappler, P. [Oesterreichisches Inst. fuer Baubiologie und -oekologie, Wien (Austria); Donau Univ. Krems (Austria). Dept. fuer Bauen und Umwelt; Schleritzko, K. [Architekt DI Wolfgang Brenner, Wien (Austria)

    2007-07-01

    In the course of restoration work carried out on Vienna's Imperial Burial Vault, workers upon removing bituminous material developed acute skin reactions. A detailed medical history of the workers was taken and an inspection by a multidisciplinary team was carried out. As a result, samples from the wallmaterial of the Imperial Burial Vault were taken for analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The results of this analysis (PAH 1.900 mg/kg) confirmed that carbolineum/creosote had been used. For the restoration work that followed extensive safety measures for the workers were introduced to prevent direct exposure to dust. Furthermore, indoor air measurements were conducted to assess the outcome of applied measures. PAH concentrations were reduced to negligible amounts. The acute health problems of the workers were managed quickly and effectively. No further health problems of the workers were reported, which is probably due to prompt introduction of safety measures. With restoration work of this kind, the most common exposure usually is to moulds. This case demonstrates, however, that even today the possibility of exposure to toxic materials, which were historically used, has to be considered. (orig.)

  5. Investigation of the isochronous mode of the experimental storage ring (ESR) and the collector ring (CR). Decay spectroscopy of highly charged stored {sup 140}Pr ions at the FRS-ESR facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Litvinov, Sergey A.

    2008-11-15

    The combination of the present fragment separator FRS and the cooler-storage ring ESR at GSI provides conditions for accurate mass and unique half-life measurements of exotic nuclei. A major part of this doctoral work has been devoted to investigations of the isochronous ion-optical operating mode of the present ESR facility and the planned Collector Ring (CR) facility at FAIR. A detailed ion-optical study of the isochronous storage ring with the emphasis on the main parameters has been done. For example, a simple scaling law providing a quantitative estimate for the mass resolving power as a function of the transverse acceptance has been derived. The ion-optical matching of the FRS-ESR has been calculated and experimentally verified for both the standard and the isochronous operating modes of the ESR. In addition, the dispersion function of a stored ion beam has been measured for both ion-optical modes at the straight section. The improved setting for higher transmission in the standard mode has been used in an experiment on the half-life measurements of highly-charged ions. Orbital electron capture (EC) and/or {beta}{sup +}-decay rates of {sup 140}Pr ions with zero-, one- and two- bound electrons have been measured. A complementary future study of EC-decay in highly-charged {sup 64}Cu ions is discussed. Based on the present experience, the ion-optical matching between the future in-flight fragment separator Super-FRS and the CR has been calculated. The isochronous mode of the CR has been calculated. A dedicated Monte-Carlo code (ISOCHRON) has been developed in order to investigate the influence of the transverse acceptance, the closed orbit distortions, the fringe fields of the quadrupoles, the magnetic field imperfections of the magnets on the mass resolving power. The influence of chromaticity on the isochronicity has been investigated. The correction of the chromaticity and of second-order isochronicity has been performed employing sextupole magnets in the

  6. 中国对日、韩、越三国科举的影响%Influence of China's imperial examinations on Japan, Korea and Vietnam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海峰

    2007-01-01

    中国科举对东亚世界产生了巨大影响.日本曾在公元8-10世纪仿行过科举,取士科目主要有秀才、明经、进士、明法及医、针等.韩国(朝鲜)的科举是中国之外实行最长、也最为完备的.越南则是世界上最晚废止科举的国家.东亚国家效法中国建立科举制,有力地促进了本国文化水平的提升.%China's imperial examinations greatly influenced the East Asian world. Japan imitated it during the eighth to tenth centuries; its subjects include xiucai, mingjing, jinshi, mingfa, as well as medicine and acupuncture. Korean imperial examinations are the longest and most comprehensive ones among other East Asian countries. Vietnam was the last to abolish the imperial examinations. All three East Asian countries imitated China in their imperial examinations, which greatly raised their cultural levels.

  7. [The significance of activities in the Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society for progression of medicine in the Middle East (to the 130th anniversary of foundation)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorelova, L Ye; Afanasiyeva, Ye A

    2012-01-01

    The article deals with the history of foundation of the Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society in Jerusalem and its input into progression of medicine in the Middle east. The medical activity of Russian physicians in medical institutions of the Society is reflected too.

  8. 《简·爱》的现世性及帝国叙事%Worldliness in Jane Eyre and Imperial Narrative

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢颖

    2014-01-01

    赛义德提出文本的现世性理论,文本与其所处的历史背景之间存在着至关重要的联系,与社会生活密切相关。借助赛义德的现世性理论解读《简·爱》的帝国文本,勃朗特赋予罗切斯特、圣约翰对外拓展的激情来象征大英帝国海外扩张的雄心。勃朗特的帝国偏见使她对来自英国殖民地的女人伯莎进行了非人化的处理。文本中帝国叙事的现世性生动说明了帝国主义的广泛性与渗透性。%Said puts forward worldliness theory of the text .That is, the text is closely connected with the historical background and social life .With the help of Said's worldliness theory , Jane Eyre is interpreted as an imperial text . Bronte lets Rochester and St .John have the passion for outward extension to symbolize overseas expansion ambition of the British Empire .Bronte's imperial bias makes her dehumanize Bertha who comes from the British colony .The imperial narrative vividly illustrates the extensiveness and penetration of the imperialism .

  9. The Legal Status of the Spanish Imperial Eagle in Spain and Thoughts on Environmental Law and Policy as Contributing Factors in the Conservation of Species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann C Knobel

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This contribution reflects on the contributory role of environmental law and policy in the successful conservation interventions on behalf of the rare Spanish Imperial Eagle (Aquila Adalberti, with the aim of gaining insights that may be more universally applicable, including in jurisdictions such as South Africa. An overview of applicable international, European and Spanish laws and policies is given, and the role played by these instruments is considered together with successes attained with diverse conservation goals in respect of the Spanish Imperial Eagle. The exceptionally comprehensive character of the legal protection of the Spanish Imperial Eagle is highlighted, in conjunction with some extra-legal factors that have contributed to successful outcomes. While quantification of the role of the law in the conservation of a species remains elusive, it is probably safe to conclude that environmental law and policy have played a vital and central role in the improvement of the conservation status of the Spanish Imperial Eagle. It is submitted that the conservation interventions on behalf of the Spanish Imperial Eagle show that concerted legal and other conservation interventions can effectively halt and reverse the decline of an endangered species. However, such interventions are onerous and expensive and ideally, effective conservation measures should be in place before populations have declined to a critical level. Birds of prey face similar threats in South Africa and Spain, and a number of South African raptor species will soon be classified as endangered. While South African biodiversity laws and policy are similar to the European and Spanish laws in general import and methodology, the South African laws and policy are more restricted in scope, less detailed and less prescriptive. When comparing the use of Spanish and South African legislation in the conservation of birds of prey, sight must not be lost of the varying conservation needs

  10. [Racism of "Blood" and colonial medicine - Blood group anthropology studies at Keijo Imperial University Department of Forensic Medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Joon Young

    2012-12-01

    This paper attempts to explore implications of Colonial medicine's Blood Type Studies, concerning the characteristics and tasks of racism in the Japanese Colonial Empire. Especially, it focuses on the Blood Group Anthropology Studies at Keijo Imperial University Department of Forensic Medicine. In Colonial Korea, the main stream of Blood Type Studies were Blood Group Anthropology Studies, which place Korean people who was inferior to Japanese people in the geography of the race on the one hand, but on the other, put Koreans as a missing link between the Mongolian and the Japanese for fulfillment of the Japanese colonialism, that is, assimilationist ideology. Then, Compared to the Western medicine and Metropole medicine of Japan, How differentiated was this tendency of Colonial Medicine from them? In this paper, main issues of Blood Group Anthropology Studies and its colonial implications are examined. The Korean Society for the History of Medicine.

  11. Abstracts of contributions presented in the VII. International Conference on the Conservation of the Eastern Imperial Eagle, Bratislava, Slovakia, 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deutschová Lucia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available VII. International Conference on the Conservation of the Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca was held on October 2-5, 201 3 in Barónka hotel in Bratislava, Slovakia and it was organised by Raptor Protection of Slovakia (RPS in cooperation with the Czech Society for Ornithology and MME/BirdLife Hungary, under the auspices of the Ministry of Environment, supported by the International Visegrad Fund. Results of 43 experts from ten countries, including three countries of Visegrad region (Slovakia, Czech Republic and Hungary were presented in 20 presentations and five posters. Six contributions are published in Slovak Raptor Journal volume 8, issue 1 (2014 as full papers, further twelve contributions are published here as conference abstracts.

  12. The Last State Monopoly Iron Works in Imperial China: The Zunhua Iron Works of the Ming Dynasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hongli; Liu, Haifeng; Qian, Wei

    2016-10-01

    The Zunhua iron works was the last state monopoly iron industry in Imperial China. Its history could be a clue to explain why such a well-developed iron industry in ancient China faded after the works collapse. From the available historical record, the study found that the iron works had a complex history with several openings, closings and relocations. In order to prove this, field investigations were carried out and three locations were finally confirmed, and a well-preserved furnace and many iron- and steel-making relics were found. Lastly, these relics, including the fuel, iron ores, and flux, were analyzed in order to infer the relevant iron- and steel-making technology in use at that time.

  13. Revisión y estudio de la obra poética de Micer Francisco Imperial

    OpenAIRE

    Garrigós Llorens, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Se reconoce unánimemente que la obra poética de Francisco Imperial (c. 1372-c. 1409), fue fundamental para el inicio y desarrollo de la poesía alegórica en España, teniendo en cuenta su esfuerzo ímprobo por asimilar y dar a conocer en verso castellano la riqueza de sabiduría y estilo de la Divina Comedia de Dante. Después de casi cuarenta años de publicación de la única edición conjunta de la obra del poeta genovés, a cargo de Colbert I. Nepaulsingh (1976), y habiéndose realizado grandes avan...

  14. REVENUE FARMING AND IMPERIAL TRANSITION: AN ECONOMIC DIMENSION OF EARLY COLONIAL STATE FORMATION IN JAVA, C. 1800S-1820S

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Wahid

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Revenue farming (pacht or verpachtingen in Dutch is a fiscal institution that existed in Java since the pre-colonial period. During the VOC period, the Dutch modified, institutionalized and &extended it as one of their fiscal institutions to solve human resource shortage and administrative barriers in collecting taxes from local population. For political and economic reasons the Dutch favored the Chinese as main partners in operating the system. The system was proven efficient to an extent that it collected substantial revenue contribution to the state exchequer. During the period of 'imperial' transition from 1800s until 1820s, changing regimes in Java retained the system to finance their political agenda. This paper argues that revenue-farming system was the financial source for the Dutch in establishing a real colonial state in Java.

  15. Los cabildos eclesiástico y civil de Antequera ante la crisis imperial de 1808-1810

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    CARLOS SÁNCHEZ SILVA

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es examinar las posturas que asumieron los cabildos eclesiástico y civil de Antequera del Valle de Oaxaca ante la crisis imperial de 1808: al plantear, por un lado, su fidelidad al rey, pero, por el otro, también la de saldar cuentas con varios asuntos pendientes, en particular respaldar una política radical y regresiva que suprimiera el sistema de intendencias en la Nueva España. En este sentido, el ensayo es un esfuerzo inicial por relacionar tanto el funcionamiento y composición de dichas corporaciones como los intereses ideológicos, religiosos, políticos y económicos que los llevaron a desplegar su accionar en la Antequera de la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII y la primera década del XIX.

  16. Some issues regarding regulatory policy, political participation, and social implications of geothermal resource development in the Imperial Valley

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Green, P.S.; Steinberger, M.F.

    1976-02-01

    The early stages of geothermal resource development in the Imperial Valley have been characterized by an emphasis on the technological expertise of private developers and government officials. Government officials have created a complex array of Federal, state and county regulations to monitor the development. Local control is under the jurisdiction of the Imperial County government. The County has as its responsibility the protection of the general welfare of its residents, including any potentially adverse social, economic, or environmental impacts caused by geothermal resource development. Private developers and government officials are interested in the resources as a source of water desalination and electric power generation. An assessment of the interests and concerns of the public was made early in the development stage. In view of all these interests, it is essential in a democratic society that the various interests be identified so government can be representative of, and responsive to, those interests. Therefore, the four issues discussed in the paper are: (1) regulatory problems faced by local government officials in determining the course of development; (2) the social and political context in which the development is taking place; (3) the potential of geothermal development as perceived by community leaders and local government officials; and (4) the desirability of expanding citizen participation in geothermal decision-makingduring a period in which, as public opinion polls indicated, many citizens feel separated from government actions which may significantly affect their lives. Recommendations for regulations of geothermal resources and recommendations for improving public input into geothermal regulation are summarized in depth. (MCW)

  17. The Restoration of Paintings at the Imperial Hermitage (Saint-Petersburg at the Beginning of the 19th Century

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    Mariam Nikogosyan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Le début du XIXe siècle fut une période charnière pour l’histoire de la formation des restaurateurs en Russie. F.K. Labensky, conservateur de la Galerie de l’Ermitage de 1797 à 1850, met en place un atelier de restauration avec un personnel permanent, travaillant sur la collection de la peinture impériale. Assistant de Labensky, restaurateur A.F. Mitrokhine, apprend toutes les techniques connues de restauration mécanique - doublage, parquetage et même transposition des peintures, - et les développe. Une école spéciale est créée près de l’atelier de l'Ermitage à 1819, supervisé par Mitrokhine, ou les jeunes diplômés de l'Académie impériale de l'Art se familiarise à la fois avec la restauration mécanique et picturale des peintures. Les apprentis de l'école de Mitrokhine transmettent ensuite ses techniques à la prochaine génération de restaurateurs de l’Ermitage.The beginning of the 19th century was a period of formation of restoration school in Russia. F.K.Labensky, Curator of the Hermitage Picture Gallery from 1797 onwards till 1850, arranged a restoration studio with a permanent staff working on Imperial painting collection.  Labensky’s assistant, a restorer A.F. Mitrokhin learned all known techniques of mechanical restoration – relining, cradling and even transfer of paintings, - and developed them on his own. A special school was established by the Hermitage studio in 1819, supervised by Mitrokhin, were young graduates of Imperial Academy of Art were taught both mechanical and painting restoration. The apprentices of Mitrokhin school passed his techniques to next generation of Hermitage restorers.

  18. La historia de la colonia Lepida-Celsa según sus documentos numismáticos: su ceca imperial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Bellido, M. Paz

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The issues of Colonia Lepida allow us to propose the years 48-87 B.C. as its foundation date. The city, previously known by the Iberian name of Celsa, was changed to Lepida probably as a punishment for its support to the Pompeyan party. On 36 B.C. the colony regains its name Celsa. In 19 B.C. Agrippa stablishes here as imperial mint for aurei and denarii that had previously been adscribed to Caesarugusta, even though this city was then not yet founded. Judging by the circulation coinage and by the heavy metrology which lasts until Augustan times. Lepida seems to have coined bronze for military needs since Pompeyan issues.Las emisiones de Colonia Lepida permiten proponer el año 48-87 a.C. como la fecha de fundación de la colonia e interpretar la abolición del nombre de la ciudad ibérica Celsa como un castigo por su adhesión al bando pompeyano. En el 36 la ciudad recupera su nombre Celsa. En el 19 a.C. Agripa debe establecer en la colonia una ceca imperial que habíamos adscrito a Caesaraugusta, ciudad que todavía no estaba fundada, y provocar con ello una gran eclosión urbanística y política de Colonia Celsa. A juzgar por la circulación monetaria y la metrología uncial que se mantendrá hasta tiempos de Augusto, la ciudad parece, ya desde sus emisiones bilingües pompeyanas, haber abastecido de numerario de bronce a las tropas.

  19. Interpersonal Relationship Concerning Imperial Examinations in The Scholars%论《儒林外史》中与科举有关的人际关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶楚炎

    2015-01-01

    《儒林外史》细致交待了诸多士人之间与科举有关的人际关系,这一科举关系横贯于整个叙事的始终,并关联了小说中的诸多士人,形成了一个广泛、复杂同时又浑然一体的关系网络。从结构上说,科举关系形成了小说的一个内在架构,将不同的小说人物和故事巧妙连缀起来;科举关系在人物塑造方面同样发挥了不可忽视的作用,一些人物形象方面的特质都能在盘根错节的科举关系中找到渊源;就意旨表达而言,科举关系的建构则体现了吴敬梓对于科举制度以及士人命运更深层次的洞悉和叹喟。从某种意义说,科举关系就是“儒林”,《儒林外史》也可以视为一部科举关系如何生成、延伸并网罗着所有士人以及他们赖以生存的伦理秩序共同走向穷途末路的科举关系史。%Interpersonal relationship between scholars concerning imperial examinations has been scrupulously depicted in the novel of The Scholars. The imperial examination relationship can be seen all through the novel, forming an extensive and intricate well-connected network and linking the scholars in the novel. Structurally, the relationship constitutes the internal structure of the novel, weaving the characters and plots perfectly. It also plays an important role in character development, and the special images of the characters can be traced in this relationship. The construct of the imperial examination relationship displays Wu Jingzi’s deep understanding and lamentation toward the imperial examination system and the destinies of the scholars. In a sense, imperial examination relationship is the scholars’ circle, and The Sc holars can be viewed as a history book, exhibiting the formation of imperial examination relationship with the trapped scholars and the ethnic order the scholars would abide by to their dead end.

  20. 清代科举异地考试制度%The System of Attending Imperial Examination in Other Place in the Qing Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佰合

    2012-01-01

    Because of the expansion of population movement and the practice of quota system,attending imperial examination in other place has become increasingly a common social problem.The government in the Qing Dynasty practises part-open policy for attending imperial examination in other place and allows those migrators for many years to attend local examination.In addition,it takes flexible measures in sparsely populated border areas,establishes a commercial register for the children of salt merchants to attend imperial examination,and permits those with specific identity while without Zhili register to attend Provincial examination in Shuntian.By providing places for those attending examination in other place separately,the conflicts of interests in Imperial Examination among different classes or different regions tend to be weakened and hidden.The Qing Government strictly limits attending imperial examination in other place outside the system and governs the examinees with false registered residence by precautions and punishment.The research on the system of attending imperial examination in other place in the Qing dynasty is of great importance for current policy reform of attending college entrance examination in other place.%人口流动规模膨胀、分地定额制的推行导致异地考试成为越来越普遍的社会问题。清代对异地考试实行部分放开的政策,允许符合条件的移居年久者入籍参加当地考试,对人口稀少的边地采取变通性措施,设立商籍解决盐商子弟异地考试问题,许可具有特定身份而非直隶籍者参加顺天乡试。通过为异地考试者单独确定学额或中额的措施,使不同阶层或不同地区间科举利益的冲突趋于弱化和隐蔽。清政府严格限制制度范围外的异地考试,采用防惩结合的思路治理冒籍跨考问题。研究清代异地考试制度对当前异地高考政策的改革及决策有重要的借鉴意义。

  1. [Russland an der Ostsee - Russia on the Baltic. Imperiale Strategien der Macht und kulturelle Wahrnehmungsmuster (16. bis 20. Jahrhundert) - Imperial Strategies of Power and Cultural Patterns od Perception (16th - 20th Centuries)] / Olaf Mertelsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mertelsmann, Olaf, 1969-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Russland an der Ostsee : imperiale Strategien der Macht und kulturelle Wahrnehmungsmuster (16. bis 20. Jahrhundert) = Russia on the Baltic : imperial strategies of power and cultural patterns of perception (16th-20th centuries). Wien [etc.] : Böhlau, 2012

  2. Imperialism, capitalism and the bourgeoisie: revisiting the theoretical contributions of Joseph Schumpeter and Hannah Arendt/Imperialismo, capitalismo e burguesia: revisitando as contribuicoes teoricas de Joseph Schumpeter e Hannah Arendt

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Barbosa, Glaudionor Gomes

    2009-01-01

    The article has as its main motivation and justification the proposition that the analyses about imperialism are still relevant at the present time and they need to occupy, with more frequency, the...

  3. [Russland an der Ostsee - Russia on the Baltic. Imperiale Strategien der Macht und kulturelle Wahrnehmungsmuster (16. bis 20. Jahrhundert) - Imperial Strategies of Power and Cultural Patterns od Perception (16th - 20th Centuries)] / Olaf Mertelsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mertelsmann, Olaf, 1969-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Russland an der Ostsee : imperiale Strategien der Macht und kulturelle Wahrnehmungsmuster (16. bis 20. Jahrhundert) = Russia on the Baltic : imperial strategies of power and cultural patterns of perception (16th-20th centuries). Wien [etc.] : Böhlau, 2012

  4. Feasibility study report for the Imperial Valley Ethanol Refinery: a 14. 9-million-gallon-per-year ethanol synfuel refinery utilizing geothermal energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-03-01

    The construction and operation of a 14,980,000 gallon per year fuel ethanol from grain refinery in the Imperial Valley of California is proposed. The Imperial Valley Ethanol Refinery (refinery) will use hot geothermal fluid from geothermal resources at the East Mesa area as the source of process energy. In order to evaluate the economic viability of the proposed Project, exhaustive engineering, cost analysis, and financial studies have been undertaken. This report presents the results of feasibility studies undertaken in geothermal resource, engineering, marketing financing, management, environment, and permits and approvals. The conclusion of these studies is that the Project is economically viable. US Alcohol Fuels is proceeding with its plans to construct and operate the Refinery.

  5. 科举制废除与士绅管理体系的破坏%Abolition of the Imperial Examination System and Destruction of Gentry Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红飞

    2011-01-01

    本文通过对科举制废除前后,士绅阶层的转变,来观察科举制的废除对士绅阶层的影响,以及对社会结构的变迁所产生的作用。通过查证史料及相关书籍,本文得出以下三种观点:(1)科举制的废除是时代发展的趋势,但是废除的方法值得商榷;(2)科举制的废除使得绅士阶层发生了大的转变;(3)科举的废除,使中国社会结构存在的士绅参与的"双轨形式"管理体系遭到破坏。%Through the transformation of gentry class before and after the abolition of the imperial examination system,the followings are observed: the influence of the abolition to gentry class and the role it plays in the transformation of social structure.By seeking historical data,related texts and local chronicles,the paper gets the following three views:(1) the abolition of imperial examination system is a trend of historical development,but its ways should be consulted;(2) the abolition of imperial examination system makes a great change of the gentry class;(3) the abolition of imperial examination system and changes in all aspects of gentry class makes the existing Chinese social structure(gentry participating "two-track form" management system) gets destroyed.

  6. Liquefaction and other ground failures in Imperial County, California, from the April 4, 2010, El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCrink, Timothy P.; Pridmore, Cynthia L.; Tinsley, John C.; Sickler, Robert R.; Brandenberg, Scott J.; Stewart, Jonathan P.

    2011-01-01

    The Colorado River Delta region of southern Imperial Valley, California, and Mexicali Valley, Baja California, is a tectonically dynamic area characterized by numerous active faults and frequent large seismic events. Significant earthquakes that have been accompanied by surface fault rupture and/or soil liquefaction occurred in this region in 1892 (M7.1), 1915 (M6.3; M7.1), 1930 (M5.7), 1940 (M6.9), 1950 (M5.4), 1957 (M5.2), 1968 (6.5), 1979 (6.4), 1980 (M6.1), 1981 (M5.8), and 1987 (M6.2; M6.8). Following this trend, the M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake of April 4, 2010, ruptured approximately 120 kilometers along several known faults in Baja California. Liquefaction caused by the M7.2 El Mayor-Cucapah earthquake was widespread throughout the southern Imperial Valley but concentrated in the southwest corner of the valley, southwest of the city centers of Calexico and El Centro where ground motions were highest. Although there are few strong motion recordings in the very western part of the area, the recordings that do exist indicate that ground motions were on the order of 0.3 to 0.6g where the majority of liquefaction occurrences were found. More distant liquefaction occurrences, at Fites Road southwest of Brawley and along Rosita Canal northwest of Holtville were triggered where ground motions were about 0.2 g. Damage to roads was associated mainly with liquefaction of sandy river deposits beneath bridge approach fills, and in some cases liquefaction within the fills. Liquefaction damage to canal and drain levees was not always accompanied by vented sand, but the nature of the damage leads the authors to infer that liquefaction was involved in the majority of observed cases. Liquefaction-related damage to several public facilities - Calexico Waste Water Treatment Plant, Fig Lagoon levee system, and Sunbeam Lake Dam in particular - appears to be extensive. The cost to repair these facilities to prevent future liquefaction damage will likely be prohibitive. As

  7. Source characterization of major emission sources in the Imperial and Mexicali Valleys along the US/Mexico border

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watson, J.G.; Chow, J.C. [Desert Research Institute, 2215 Raggio Pkwy., 89512 Reno, NV (United States)

    2001-08-10

    Chemical profiles for particle emissions are needed for source apportionment studies using the chemical mass balance (CMB) receptor model. Source measurements of geological sources, motor vehicle exhaust, vegetative burning (e.g. asparagus, field burning, charbroil cooking), and industrial sources (e.g. oil-fueled glass plant, manure-fueled power plants) were acquired as part of the Imperial/Mexicali Valley Cross Border PM{sub 10} Transport Study in 1992. Six different source sampling techniques (i.e. hot- and diluted-exhaust sampling, ground-based source sampling, particle sweeping/grab sampling, vacuum sampling, and laboratory resuspension sampling) were applied to acquire filter samples of PM{sub 2.5} and PM{sub 10} (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters <2.5 and 10 {mu}m, respectively). Filter samples were analyzed for mass by gravimetry, elements (Na to U) by X-ray fluorescence, anions (Cl{sup -}, NO{sub 3}{sup -}, SO{sub 4}{sup =}) by ion chromatography, ammonium (NH{sub 4}{sup +}) by automated colorimetry, soluble sodium (Na{sup +}) and potassium (K{sup +}) by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, and organic and elemental carbon (OC, EC) by thermal/optical reflectance. Concentration data were acquired for a total of 50 chemical species. Elevated abundances of crustal components (Al, Si, K, Ca, Fe) from geological material, carbon (OC, EC) and trace elements (Br, Pb) from vehicle exhausts, carbon (OC, EC) and ions (K{sup +}, Cl{sup -}) from vegetative burning, ions (SO{sub 4}{sup =}, NH{sub 4}{sup +}, Na{sup +}, K{sup +}, Cl{sup -}) and elements (Cl, Se) from a manure-fueled power plants, and sulfur and trace elements (Na{sup +}, Pb, Se, Ni, V) from an oil-fueled glass plant were found in the resulting source profiles. Abundances of crustal species (e.g. Al, Si, Ca) in the Imperial/Mexicali Valley geological profiles are more than twice those found in central and southern California. Abundances of lead in motor vehicle exhausts indicate different

  8. Doses de lodo de esgoto compostado em produção de tapete de grama esmeralda imperial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarice Backes

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available A eficiência da adubação nitrogenada para gramados pode ser aumentada com a utilização de fontes de liberação lenta, como composto de lodo de esgoto, que, em razão das suas características, pode ser um substituto de parte ou do total da adubação inorgânica para as gramas. Não foram encontrados resultados referentes à utilização de lodo compostado na cultura da grama, no Brasil. Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar o efeito de doses de composto de lodo de esgoto na produção da grama esmeralda Imperial. Os tratamentos foram constituídos de cinco doses de composto de lodo de esgoto (0, 12, 24, 36 e 48 Mg ha-1, base seca, mais um tratamento com adubação inorgânica (300 kg ha-1 N, 80 kg ha-1 P2O5 e 200 kg ha-1 K2O. Os compostos orgânicos presentes no composto têm diferentes taxas de mineralização, liberando aos 120 dias após a aplicação do lodo mais Mg (100 %, K (90 % e N (67 % do que S (57 %, P (40 % e Ca (31 %. A utilização do composto de lodo na cultura da grama Imperial proporcionou adequado fornecimento de nutrientes, quando aplicado superficialmente, em doses maiores que 36 Mg ha-1. As doses de composto proporcionaram, após a colheita do tapete, aumento linear da acidez potencial e do teor de matéria orgânica, P, S, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, As, Cu e Ni e redução linear do pH, do teor de Ca e Mg e da saturação por bases do solo. O aumento das doses do composto de 0 a 48 Mg ha-1 reduziu a massa dos tapetes de grama, atingindo valores de 4,0 kg/tapete, quando a maior dose foi aplicada. Altas doses também proporcionaram os maiores valores de resistência dos tapetes na ordem de 35 e 33 kgf, com as doses de 36 e 48 Mg ha-1, respectivamente.

  9. Pre-earthquake displacement and triggered displacement on the Imperial fault associated with the Superstition Hills earthquake of 24 November 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, R.V.

    1989-01-01

    Two right-lateral slip events, about 3 weeks apart in November 1987, broke the surface discontinuously along probably similar, nearly 20km lengths of the northern Imperial fault. The first displacement, at about the beginning of November, was accompanied by a surface tilt representing deep vertical motion or distributed strain. The later surface offset was triggered, probably by the second main shock of the 24 November earthquakes located in the Superstition Hills, about 37km northwest of the Imperial fault. Pre-earthquake resurveys of short-length leveling lines indicated combined surface displacement and an eastward tilt at two locations between surveys 7 1/2 months apart and 13 months apart; the tilt at Harris Road during this pre-earthquake interval is modeled as a 1.4cm vertical component of slip deeper than 100m on a 70?? northeastward-dipping fault. Later surveys showed a marked reduction of deep movement in the time period including the triggered slip, and between December 1987 and January 1988, it had ceased. No definite evidence of surface fracturing was found in the Brawley fault zone during either period of time when the Imperial fault moved. -from Authors

  10. 乾隆朝殿试策问中的史学考题%history exam in Qianlong final imperial examination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋硕硕

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses and Qing Qianlong dynasty final imperial examination answers in the history examination questions of content, form and characteristics of questions reveal a series of large-scale official academic activities in the Qianlong period, is the root cause of the make this stage historical prosperity, this is the ruler, attaches great importance to the political functions of historical and social utility. Thus the author put forward the conclusion that the present research into the history of the imperial most background to explore the history of the imperial examination, examination procedures, the final imperial examination measures of language arts and the literature value of the examination paper, less attention to position the content of the answers is proposition, mindset, skills, and embodied in the interaction between politics and academic. If you could start from this Angle, not only can enrich the study of Chinese traditional historiography, and the ancient Chinese cultural history, academic history and will open up a new perspective to the research on the history of the imperial examination system.%本文梳理和分析了清乾隆朝殿试策问中史学考题的内容、出题形式及特点,揭示出乾隆时期一系列大规模官方学术活动的开展,是造就这一阶段史学繁荣的根本原因,此正是统治者高度重视史学的政治功能与社会效用所致。由此笔者提出结论:当下的科举史研究,大多探讨科举考试的历史背景、考试程序,殿试对策的语言艺术和试卷的文献价值,较少关注殿试策问本身的内容、思想倾向、命题技巧,及其中所体现的政治与学术之间的互动关系。如能从这一角度入手,不仅能丰富中国传统史学的研究,且必能为中国古代文化史、学术史和科举制度史的研究开辟一个新的视角。

  11. Life cycle inventory analysis of CO2 and SO2 emission of imperial smelting process for Pb-Zn smelter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李启厚; 郭学益; 肖松文; 黄凯; 张多默

    2003-01-01

    Based on the principle of life cycle assessment, CO2 and SO2 emission of Imperial Smelting Process in a certain zinc-lead smelter was analyzed by life cycle inventory method. According to the system expansion and substitution method, the environmental impacts of co-products were allocated among the main products of zinc, lead and sulfuric acid. The related impacts were assessed by use of Global Warming Potential (GWP) and Acidification Potential (ACP). The results show that the GWP index from 1998 to 2000 is 11.53, 11.65, 10.93 tCO2-eq/tZn respectively, the ACP index decreases from 14.88 kgSO2-eq/tZn in 1998 to 10.99 kgSO2-eq/tZn in 2000. Power and electricity generation, followed by smelting and zinc distillation, are mainly responsible for GWP. Sintering individually affects ACP. Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of the ISP may come from energy conservation measures rather than from technological developments. And recycling more secondary Pb and Zn materials effectively treated by ISP, and reducing the amount of primary metal are the main ways to put SO2 emission under control.

  12. Contaminación y control de las quemas agrícolas en Imperial, California, y Mexicali, Baja California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarito Quintero Núñez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La quema de residuos agrícolas en los valles de Mexicali e Imperial, separados por una línea divisoria, constituye una fuente importante de emisión de contaminantes al aire, de compuestos como el metano (CH4, monóxido de carbono (CO, bióxido de nitrógeno (NO2, hidrocarburos (NMHC y partículas menores a 10 micras (PM10. Para abordar el problema de los humos agrícolas se debe considerar la cuenca atmosférica común, formada por ambos valles, que comparten un clima extremoso cálido y seco, con menos de 80 mm anuales de lluvia, y basan su economía en la agricultura, y el de Mexicali además en la industria manufacturera y otras actividades. En Mexicali, lo que se quema es sobre todo residuos de trigo y en menor proporción de cebada, cártamo y maíz. Los daños a la salud ocasionados por las emisiones de PM10 son significativos en ambos valles

  13. Promoting the Effect of the Qing Dynasty Imperial Garden Architectural Component Library on the Digitalization of Cultural Heritage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jindan, C.; Junsong, Z.; Jiujun, Z.

    2015-08-01

    With the development of computer technology and practical verification, digital virtual technology has matured and is increasingly being widely applied to cultural heritage protection and research. With this advancement in technology, there is pressing need to simplify heritage-related puzzles. Thus the main question that has increasingly become the most central and fundamental problem in heritage digitalization work is how to choose the "proper technology" that provides support directly, accurately and rapidly for the research, protection and exchange of cultural heritage. Based on the principles of "authenticity" and "completeness" found in the Venice Charter in regards to dealing with cultural heritage; this paper proposes the concept of the component library which facilitates the improvement and efficiency of virtual reconstruction, provides a visual discussion platform for cultural heritage protection, virtual scene construction, accuracy assessment, and multi-space-time exhibition; thereby implementing the spirit of tolerance and respect found in the Nara Document on Authenticity. The paper further aims to illustrate the significance of the Qing dynasty imperial garden architectural component library for cultural heritage study and protection, the principles for virtual library construction, use and maintenance of the library, and classification approaches, and also provide some suggestions about making high quality 3D models and effective means for database integration.

  14. Victorián de Villava, fiscal de Charcas: Reforma de España y nueva moral Imperial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José M. PORTILLO VALDÉS

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available En las postrimerías del siglo XVIII aparecieron en el seno de la Ilustración hispana distintas propuestas para la reforma y reconfiguración política de la monarquía. La figura de Victorián de Villava, fiscal de la audiencia de Charcas entre 1791 y su muerte en 1802, es especialmente relevante para el estudio de la formación en la Ilustración de España de un pensamiento que trataba de compatibilizar la modernidad y la cultura católica. A través de sus numerosos escritos, Villava fomentó una nueva moral imperial, en la que la colonización comercial se establecía, frente a la pura conquista militar, como aspecto central del gobierno colonial. Así, sus Apuntes para una reforma de España (1797 insertaban la reforma del gobierno americano en un proyecto integral de reforma de la monarquía, y en su Discurso sobre la mita del Potosí (1793 atisbaba el argumento que instaba a reconsiderar el modelo de civilización hispana, y que años más tarde sería reconfigurado en las Cortes de Cádiz para promover la abolición de la mita.

  15. Imperial power,gentry power and clan power: Western and Chinese cultural traditions in a comparative perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Bing; Wang Dan

    2006-01-01

    The differences between China and Western countries in human and physical environment has brought about two distinctive models of state.In the Chinese-style state of quasi-consanguinity,in which family and state have a similar structure,imperial power,gentry power,and clan power are the product of common ownership of consanguineous groups.The similarity in the structures of these three kinds of power derives from the fact that they are all restricted by the power of lineage generated from the self-sufficient small farmer economy,and must obey the conventions of ancestors which hold the benefits of the group as supreme.The relationship between these three kinds of power,is definitely not the one that is based on the division of power that is founded on individual private ownership in Western countries.where'public power'and'individual private ownership'are antithetic.but are three aspects of the patriarchal dictatorship that complement each other.Therefore,village rule in China and autonomy in the West are two totally different concepts,and gentry power is also not the'authorized power'from the state.

  16. Trap catches of the sweetpotato whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in the Imperial Valley, California, from 1996 to 2002

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHANG-CHI CHU; EDWARD BARNES; ERIC T. NATWICK; TIAN-YE CHEN; DAVID RITTER; THOMAS J. HENNEBERRY

    2007-01-01

    An outbreak of the sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), biotype B occurred in the Imperial Valley, California in 1991. The insects destroyed melon crops and seriously damaged other vegetables, ornamentals and row crops. As a result of the need for sampling technology, we developed a whitefly trap (named the CC trap) that could be left in the field for extended time periods. We used the traps to monitor populations of B. tabaci adults during year-round samplings from 1996 to 2002 to study variations in the weekly trap catches of the insect. The greatest number of B. tabaci adults was recorded in 1996, followed by a continuing annual decrease in trap catches each year through 2002. The overall decline of B. tabaci is attributed in part to the adoption of an integrated pest management (IPM) program initiated in 1992 and reduced melon hectares from 1996 to 2002. Other factors may also have contributed to the population reductions. Seasonally, B. tabaci trap catches decreased during the late summer and fall concurrent with decreasing minimum temperatures that are suggested to be a significant factor affecting seasonal activity and reproduction.

  17. Natural or Artificial? Multi-Analytical Study of a Scagliola from Estoi Palace Simulating Imperial Red Porphyry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire, Maria Teresa; Santos Silva, António; Veiga, Maria do Rosário; Brito, Jorge de; Schlütter, Frank

    2016-12-01

    In this paper the characterization of a gypsum plaster sample from the end of the 19th century simulating imperial red porphyry using a multi-analytical approach is presented and discussed. The results of X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TGA-DTA), physical and mechanical properties are summarized. In order to have further insight into the microstructure, polarized light microscopy (PLM), scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (SEM-EDS), and micro Raman spectroscopy analyzes were also made. They helped to clarify the main issues raised by the other complementary analytical techniques and allowed the establishment of interrelations between the different properties, providing important information about the materials, the skills, and the technological development involved in the art of imitating noble stones with gypsum pastes. This study also contributes to our knowledge concerning the preservation of these types of elements that are important in the context of European decorative arts and rarely reported in the literature.

  18. Observations of coastal sediment dynamics of the Tijuana Estuary Fine Sediment Fate and Transport Demonstration Project, Imperial Beach, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warrick, Jonathan A.; Rosenberger, Kurt J.; Lam, Angela; Ferreiera, Joanne; Miller, Ian M.; Rippy, Meg; Svejkovsky, Jan; Mustain, Neomi

    2012-01-01

    Coastal restoration and management must address the presence, use, and transportation of fine sediment, yet little information exists on the patterns and/or processes of fine-sediment transport and deposition for these systems. To fill this information gap, a number of State of California, Federal, and private industry partners developed the Tijuana Estuary Fine Sediment Fate and Transport Demonstration Project ("Demonstration Project") with the purpose of monitoring the transport, fate, and impacts of fine sediment from beach-sediment nourishments in 2008 and 2009 near the Tijuana River estuary, Imperial Beach, California. The primary purpose of the Demonstration Project was to collect and provide information about the directions, rates, and processes of fine-sediment transport along and across a California beach and nearshore setting. To achieve these goals, the U.S. Geological Survey monitored water, beach, and seafloor properties during the 2008–2009 Demonstration Project. The project utilized sediment with ~40 percent fine sediment by mass so that the dispersal and transport of fine sediment would be easily recognizable. The purpose of this report is to present and disseminate the data collected during the physical monitoring of the Demonstration Project. These data are available online at the links noted in the "Additional Digital Information" section. Synthesis of these data and results will be provided in subsequent publications.

  19. Fighting Brick with Brick: Chikazumi Jōkan and Buddhism’s Response to Christian Space in Imperial Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garrett Washington

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1915, with the support of Jōdo Shinshū (True Pure Land Buddhism’s Higashi Honganji sect and dozens of private Buddhist donors, Buddhist priest Chikazumi Jōkan erected a new, one-of-a-kind Buddhist meeting hall in Tokyo, the Kyūdō Kaikan. Chikazumi conceived of the building as a clear and deliberate spatial challenge to the crowded Protestant churches and lecture halls of turn-of-the-twentieth-century Tokyo. He chose prominent Western-style architect Takeda Goichi (1872–1938, rather than a traditional Japanese shrine or temple carpenter, to design it. The new building, in tandem with the adjacent Kyūdō Gakusha (Salvation Dormitory that Chikazumi established in 1902, spoke to, and significantly impacted, the socio-moral, intellectual, and religious life of hundreds of young Tokyoites. These two buildings represented a response to Protestant Christianity’s popularity and relevance like no other in imperial Japan. In order to achieve the religious evangelism and suprasectarian reform that he envisioned for Buddhism, Chikazumi proved willing to apply observations made in the West and appropriate practical Western Christian architectural features. Through an analysis of drawings, photographs, periodicals, institutional records, and other sources, this article tells the story of the rare fusion of opposites as Chikazumi equipped Buddhism to compete with Protestantism for the attention and devotion of the educated elite.

  20. New Perspectives on Imperial Examination Guarantee of Song Dynasty%宋代科举担保新论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘本栋

    2015-01-01

    宋代士人参加科举考试之前必须有保官或者保人为其相关情况做担保。应举者需要被担保的内容主要有籍贯、才学、品行、服纪、职业、年龄、举数等信息,具有担保资格的主要有一起参加考试的应举者、官员、书铺等。担保者必须严格审核应举者信息的真实性,确保其具备应举资格,如果考生出现违制行为,他们则要受到处罚。%The scholars of Song Dynasty were required to be guaranteed before sitting for an imperial examination. The guarantee included the origin of household registration, talent and learning, characters, mourning practice, occupation, age and numbers of the exams he/she has taken. People who has such a Guarantee are the other examinees, local officials, school officers, etc. They must strictly review the information of the examinees to ensure the authenticity and the qualification of on the part of the examinees. The guarantors will be punished in case of a breach of warranty on the part of guarantees.

  1. A source extent analysis of the Imperial Valley earthquake of October 15, 1979, and the Victoria earthquake of June 9, 1980

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, Paul; Masuda, Tetsu

    1985-08-01

    A new method for estimating source extent parameters has been applied to the Imperial Valley earthquake of October 15, 1979, and the Victoria earthquake of June 9, 1980. From the stations of the World-Wide Standard Seismograph Network and Canadian Seismic Network, estimates of the duration of far-field long-period SH waves were made by computing the variance or second-central moment τ2 of instrument-corrected, attenuation-corrected pulses. Seventeen measurements for the Imperial Valley event and 25 for the Victoria event were made. We inverted for the source duration T, the fault length L, and the directivity parameter D by least squares. We find that for the Imperial Valley, T = 9.0 ± 0.5 s, D = 130 ± 43 km s, and L = 46 ± 13 km, and for the Victoria event, T = 10.9 ± 0.6 s, and D = 251 ± 71 km s. L is not well constrained for this second event; the inversion gives 23 km, the lower bound obtained by constraining τ2 to be positive everywhere on the focal sphere, although a value as high as 40 km would still be within the uncertainties. The positive values of D for both events indicate that rupture propagation was predominantly to the northwest. In order to estimate the degree of "unilateralness" we have computed the rupture mode index defined by R = |D|/LT, which is 1 for a unilateral rupture and zero for a bilateral rupture. We find a value of R = 0.31 ± 0.14 for the Imperial Valley event, significantly less than unity, which indicates that a southern component of rupture is also present. Assuming uniform slip, we estimate the northern and southern fault segments to be 26 and 20 km, respectively. The presence of a bilateral component is supported by near-field studies which have made use of stations along the southern half of the Imperial fault. For the Victoria event, due primarily to the uncertainty in L, the value of R can vary from 0.6 to 1 with the value of 1 being most probable. Assuming that the rupture is unilateral, we can obtain an estimate of

  2. Qualidade sensorial dos frutos do abacaxizeiro 'imperial' cultivado em deficiência de macronutrientes e de boro Sensorial quality of the fruits of 'imperial' pineapple cultivated in macronutrient and boron deficiencies

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    Maria José Mota Ramos

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A comercialização do abacaxi vem expandindo-se no mercado mundial principalmente por suas apreciáveis características de sabor, aroma e cor. A nutrição mineral da planta exerce uma influência acentuada na composição química do abacaxi. A inexistência de informações sobre a influência da deficiência nutricional na qualidade dos frutos do abacaxizeiro 'Imperial' motivou a realização de um experimento em casa de vegetação da Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, em Campos dos Goytacazes-RJ, no período de 2003 a 2005, para avaliar os efeitos das deficiências de macronutrientes e de boro na composição fisico-química e na qualidade sensorial dos frutos dessa cultivar. A unidade experimental constou de um vaso de plástico com 14 L de areia purificada e uma muda de abacaxizeiro. Foram utilizados os seguintes tratamentos: completo, - N, - P, - K, - Ca, - Mg, - S e - B, aplicados sob a forma de soluções nutritivas, em blocos casualizados completos, com seis repetições. As seguintes características foram obtidas nos frutos: firmeza, teor de suco, AT, SST, SST/AT, vitamina C, pH, coloração e a análise sensorial da polpa. As deficiências de N e de K aumentaram a firmeza da polpa, mas a de S a diminuiu. As deficiências de N e S aumentaram a AT e o teor de Vitamina C, mas diminuíram SST/AT, a coloração da polpa e o pH. A deficiência de K reduziu os SSTs e a de Ca e de S os aumentou. As deficiências de N e K reduziram a aceitação sensorial dos frutos. As deficiências de P, Mg e B não alteraram as propriedades sensoriais do abacaxi.The marketing of pineapple has been expanding in the world mainly by its appreciable characteristics of flavor, aroma and color. The mineral nutrition of the plant exert an accentuated influence on the chemical composition of pineapple. The inexistence of information on the influence of the mineral deficiency on the quality of the 'Imperial' pineapple fruits motivated the accomplishment

  3. Entre o cura e o médico: higiene, docência e escolarização no Brasil imperial - Between the curi and the physician: hygiene, teaching and scholarship in imperial Brazil

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    José Gonçalves Gondra

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Neste artigo analiso a forma escolar que a doutrina higienista pretendeu legitimar junto aos professores primários, com base no exame de quatro conferências pedagógicas apresentadas pelo Dr. Gallard aos professores primários franceses, na Sorbonne, em 1867, por ocasião da Exposição Universal de Paris. Este conjunto de conferências foi traduzido (e adaptado para o português por Machado de Assis, sob a chancela do Dr Homem de Mello (Inspetor Geral da Instrução Primária e Secundária da Corte e publicado nas colunas do hebdomadário “A instrução pública”. Por fim, para observar mais um espaço de difusão das mesmas, em 1873, tais conferências foram publicadas em um opúsculo intitulado “Hygiene para uso dos mestres-escola”, destinado “ás administrações das escolas do Império” e para onde conviesse “a prática do que ensina”. Com o exame deste material e de suas formas de circulação é possível observar a capilarização da doutrina da Higiene que procura definir um estatuto para o professor primário, a idade da escola e um modelo de educação integral. Palavras-chave: higiene, instrução pública, escolarização.   BETWEEN THE CURI AND THE PHYSICIAN: HYGIENE, TEACHING AND SCHOLARSHIP IN IMPERIAL BRASIL Abstract In this article, I analyze the school way hygienist doctrine which was thought to be legitimated among elementary teachers. Such analysis is based on Dr. Gallard’s four pedagogical conferences to French elementary teachers in Sorbonne. They took place in 1867, on the occasion of Paris Universal Exposition.This conference collection was translated (and adapted to Portuguese by Machado de Assis, by Dr. Mello (General Inspector of Elementary and Secondary Teaching of the Court and published in the weekly “A instrução  pública”. Finally, these conferences were also published in na opuscule named Hygiene to master-school use, destinated to imperial schools administration, and to those

  4. Seismic calibration shots conducted in 2009 in the Imperial Valley, southern California, for the Salton Seismic Imaging Project (SSIP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Janice; Goldman, Mark; Fuis, Gary; Rymer, Michael; Sickler, Robert; Miller, Summer; Butcher, Lesley; Ricketts, Jason; Criley, Coyn; Stock, Joann; Hole, John; Chavez, Greg

    2011-01-01

    .9 Whittier Narrows earthquakes. The project also succeeded in determining the depths and seismic-velocity distributions of several sedimentary basins, including the Los Angeles Basin, San Fernando Valley, and Antelope Valley. These results advanced our ability to understand and assess earthquake hazards in the Los Angeles region. In order to facilitate permitting and planning for the data collection phase of SSIP, in June of 2009 we set off calibration shots and recorded the seismic data with a variety of instruments at varying distances. We also exposed sections of buried clay drainage pipe near the shot points to determine the effect of seismic energy on the pipes. Clay drainage pipes are used by the irrigation districts in both the Coachella and Imperial Valleys to prevent ponding and remove salts and irrigation water. This report chronicles the calibration project. We present new near-source velocity data that are used to test the regression curves that were determined for the LARSE project. These curves are used to create setback tables to determine explosive charge size and for placement of shot points. We also found that our shots did not damage the irrigation pipes and that the ODEX drilling system did well in the clay rich soils of the Imperial Valley.

  5. Núcleos coloniais e agricultura na Amazônia Imperial: uso e ocupação da terra

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    Francivaldo Alves Nunes

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Fomento a produção, reforma das técnicas agrícolas, intensificação dos sistemas produtivos e aumento da produtividade são algumas diretrizes recorrentes nos projetos de reformulação da agricultura desenvolvidos no Brasil no período Imperial. Na Amazônia a criação dos Núcleos Coloniais, na segunda metade do século XIX, constituem ações governamentais que buscam atender essas demandas. Analisar os elementos que estimulam a formação das Colônias Agrícolas e que nos ajuda a pensar a constituição de paisagens agrárias e os processos de apropriação da terra é a tarefa que nos ocupamos nesta comunicação; entendendo que, além de uma questão de consumo e produção, os Núcleos Coloniais na Amazônia se evidenciaram como espaços de experimentação de novas técnicas produtivas, melhor aproveitamento da terra, do exercício de domínio das matas, promoção do povoamento e disciplinarização dos sujeitos sociais envolvidos na construção deste espaço.

  6. Mallaby’s car: colonial subjects, imperial actors, and the representation of human suffering in postcolonial exhibitions

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    Susan Legêne

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The iconic photograph of Mallaby’s car shows the wreckage of the vehicle of British brigadier A.S. Mallaby, which was destroyed in Surabaya in Indonesia on 30 October 1945 during the Indonesian uprising against the restoration of Dutch colonial rule. The streets show military vehicles, in control of the situation; however the billboard with ‘Once and forever – The Indonesia Republic’ indicate that the nationalists did not give up their political aspirations. The photograph is iconic in the fragile balance it depicts; a balance between violence and negotiations with many stakeholders, symbolised in the balancing car, with its front wheels, hood and left front door up and open. This photograph triggered my investigation into the impact of decolonisation on the representation of colonial subjects and ‘imperial actors’ in museums in Indonesia and the Netherlands. The image of the car appears in a recorded interview with the two sons of Mallaby, who in minute detail recount the events that resulted in their father’s death. The car points at a history of decolonisation that thoroughly changed the strong or weak citizenship entitlements of everyone involved. What role could they play, at the time, and how is this diverging agency now represented in historical or ethnographic displays? This theme is explored with close reference to the scholarly models provided by Asma Abbas in Liberalism and Human Suffering (2010, specifically the notion of re-presentation as ‘making present again’. I argue that distinct national frames, within which common histories of colonialism and decolonisation today are represented, create notions of ‘historical citizenship’ that discipline the victims of decolonisation, and refrain from challenging the legacies of the ethnographic categorisation in colonial museum displays.

  7. Virtualizing ancient Rome: 3D acquisition and modeling of a large plaster-of-Paris model of imperial Rome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guidi, Gabriele; Frischer, Bernard; De Simone, Monica; Cioci, Andrea; Spinetti, Alessandro; Carosso, Luca; Micoli, Laura L.; Russo, Michele; Grasso, Tommaso

    2005-01-01

    Computer modeling through digital range images has been used for many applications, including 3D modeling of objects belonging to our cultural heritage. The scales involved range from small objects (e.g. pottery), to middle-sized works of art (statues, architectural decorations), up to very large structures (architectural and archaeological monuments). For any of these applications, suitable sensors and methodologies have been explored by different authors. The object to be modeled within this project is the "Plastico di Roma antica," a large plaster-of-Paris model of imperial Rome (16x17 meters) created in the last century. Its overall size therefore demands an acquisition approach typical of large structures, but it also is characterized extremely tiny details typical of small objects (houses are a few centimeters high; their doors, windows, etc. are smaller than 1 centimeter). This paper gives an account of the procedures followed for solving this "contradiction" and describes how a huge 3D model was acquired and generated by using a special metrology Laser Radar. The procedures for reorienting in a single reference system the huge point clouds obtained after each acquisition phase, thanks to the measurement of fixed redundant references, are described. The data set was split in smaller sub-areas 2 x 2 meters each for purposes of mesh editing. This subdivision was necessary owing to the huge number of points in each individual scan (50-60 millions). The final merge of the edited parts made it possible to create a single mesh. All these processes were made with software specifically designed for this project since no commercial package could be found that was suitable for managing such a large number of points. Preliminary models are presented. Finally, the significance of the project is discussed in terms of the overall project known as "Rome Reborn," of which the present acquisition is an important component.

  8. Por que não houve capitalismo na China imperial? Uma contribuição neomarxista

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    Tiago Nasser Appel

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO O artigo parte do debate marxista da transição para lançar a seguinte pergunta: por que a China do início da Era Moderna (1500-1800 não conseguiu fazer a transição para o capitalismo, tal como viemos a conhecê-lo no Ocidente? Concluindo que as lutas de classe não nos dão uma resposta satisfatória ao problema, o autor busca ingredientes teóricos na escola de economia política braudeliana/arrighiana, que estabelece uma distinção entre capitalismo e economia de mercado. Partindo dessa distinção, sugere que, malgrado a China estivesse à altura da Europa em características econômicas decisivas - comercialização e comodificação de bens, terra e trabalho - até o século XVIII, tal como Gunder Frank argumenta em sua obra ReOrient, ela não embarcou em uma trajetória de acumulação capitalista, no sentido empregado por Braudel, por causa do "fato do Império". Carecendo do nível de dificuldades fiscais encontradas na Europa no início da Idade Moderna, a China imperial não precisou taxar pesadamente os comerciantes e os notáveis; portanto, não precisou negociar direitos e obrigações com a classe mercantil. De outro modo, os oficiais chineses não precisaram fazer concessões à nascente classe capitalista - concessões que granjearam às elites voz sem precedentes no governo, com a qual elas realizaram reformas que todas as sociedades pretéritas haviam considerado antinaturais.

  9. Primary instruction reforms in the province of Goiás, Brazil, in the imperial period (1822-1889

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    Sandra Elaine Aires de Abreu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Additional Act of 1834 established the representational councils in the provinces in the place of the general councils of the provinces and empowered them with important roles, within which, the role to legislate about public instruction and to create conditions to carry them out. So each province of the empire organized its own instruction, creating a varied net of public and private schools. In this context, the province of Goiás set up its educational legislation, of which, we point out the Law number 13 of 1835 as well as the regulations of instruction of 1835, 1856, 1869, 1884, 1886 and 1887. The present work proposed to analyze both the legislative content and the historical context which brought about the legislation. The applied methodology is bibliographical and documental analysis. The educational legislation of the Goiás province was decreed by the presidents unopposed of the Provincial Assembly. The opposition, when they existed, was carried out partly by the cultural and economical elite of the province, which envisaged to take up the political power and used the press to deliver its own critiques. It conquered enormous power in the 1880 decade through the Bulhões oligarchy. The production of various regulations was not sufficient to overcome the poor situation of the instruction in the province, considering the difficulty to put them into practice, without exception, mainly due to the lack of financial resources. How to reference this article Abreu, S. E. A. de, Gonçalves Neto, W., & Carvalho, C. H. de (2015. As reformas da instrução primária na província de Goiás, Brasil, no período imperial (1822-1889. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 2(1, pp. 255-280. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2015.002.001.013

  10. Conceptual Understanding of the Russian-Caucasian Relations in the XVI–XIX centuries in the Official Imperial Historiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadzhi-Murat A. Sabanchiev

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The domestic Caucasus Studies contains various, often conflicting concepts and approaches, claiming to be the most complete and objective coverage of issues of Russian-Caucasian historical interaction. Though in different studies, the same category is filled with a variety of semantic content that creates a discursive field requiring thorough scientific research. The article analyzes the research works of official direction of pre-revolutionary historiography devoted to the problem of relations between Russia and the North Caucasus in the XVI–XIX centuries. The disciplinary matrix of historical science of J. Ryuzen is used as an instrument of historiographical analysis in this research. This theoretical construct allowed to typologize and to conceptualize the pre-revolutionary studies, to formulate criteria for selection of the conservative direction in the study of the Russian-Caucasian relations. The authors of the article relate the works of M.M. Shcherbatov, N.K. Karamzin, P.P. Zubov, R.А. Fadeev, A.P. Berge, N.F. Dubrovin, V.A. Potto, D.N. Dubenskiy, I. Ivanin, S.S. Esadze et al to the research works of the official direction of the pre-revolutionary historical thought. The cognitive interest of this group of researchers is caused by the search for the most effective ways of conquest and managing the North Caucasian peoples. Caucasus war was examined by the researchers-conservatives as the process of strengthening the position of the Russian Empire in the North Caucasus region justified from a historical and geopolitical point of view. The official approach supposed the civilizational motivation for the particular military conquest of the North Caucasus societies, deprived of citizenship and social order. The authors conclude that the research works of the conservative direction of imperial historiography solve important problems of legitimation of the Russian policy in the North Caucasus.

  11. Conceptual Understanding of the Russian-Caucasian Relations in the XVI–XIX centuries in the Official Imperial Historiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadzhi-Murat A. Sabanchiev

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The domestic Caucasus Studies contains various, often conflicting concepts and approaches, claiming to be the most complete and objective coverage of issues of Russian-Caucasian historical interaction. Though in different studies, the same category is filled with a variety of semantic content that creates a discursive field requiring thorough scientific research. The article analyzes the research works of official direction of pre-revolutionary historiography devoted to the problem of relations between Russia and the North Caucasus in the XVI–XIX centuries. The disciplinary matrix of historical science of J. Ryuzen is used as an instrument of historiographical analysis in this research. This theoretical construct allowed to typologize and to conceptualize the pre-revolutionary studies, to formulate criteria for selection of the conservative direction in the study of the Russian-Caucasian relations. The authors of the article relate the works of M.M. Shcherbatov, N.K. Karamzin, P.P. Zubov, R.А. Fadeev, A.P. Berge, N.F. Dubrovin, V.A. Potto, D.N. Dubenskiy, I. Ivanin, S.S. Esadze et al to the research works of the official direction of the pre-revolutionary historical thought. The cognitive interest of this group of researchers is caused by the search for the most effective ways of conquest and managing the North Caucasian peoples. Caucasus war was examined by the researchers-conservatives as the process of strengthening the position of the Russian Empire in the North Caucasus region justified from a historical and geopolitical point of view. The official approach supposed the civilizational motivation for the particular military conquest of the North Caucasus societies, deprived of citizenship and social order. The authors conclude that the research works of the conservative direction of imperial historiography solve important problems of legitimation of the Russian policy in the North Caucasus.

  12. Structural design of Huamin Imperial Tower%华敏帝豪大厦结构设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆道渊; 陆益鸣; 哈敏强; 任涛

    2011-01-01

    华敏帝豪大厦采用了带加强层的框架一核心筒混合结构体系,外围框架柱分别采用了矩形钢管混凝土柱和型钢混凝土柱.系统地介绍了该工程结构体系的特点、抗震性能化设计原则和方法、整体弹性计算结果、罕遇地震作用下的静力弹塑性分析结果以及地基基础的设计.着重阐述了设计中的一些关键问题,包括带暗支撑及型钢的核心筒剪力墙、外围钢管混凝土和型钢混凝土框架、钢管混凝土斜撑转换、加强桁架的设计.%Huamin Imperial Tower adopts the frame-corewall hybrid structural system with outriggers.Concrete-filled rectangular steel tube( CFRT) columns and steel reinforced concrete ( SRC) columns are used in the periphery.The structural system characteristic,performance-based seismic design principle and method, the main results of elasticity analysis, Pushover analysis under the action of rare earthquake and the design of building foundation were introduced systemically.Some key problems were expounded , including the core wall with concealed bracings and SRC, SRC frame and CFRT structure in the periphery, inclined columns transfer structure with CFRT member and story with outriggers.

  13. 北宋太学办学经费扩充探析%An Analysis on Imperial College Funds Expansion of the Northern Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗玉霞; 喻本伐

    2012-01-01

      As one of the main forms of higher education in ancient China. The Imperial College of the Northern Song Dynasty is outstanding. even taking the first place in the Chinese educational history. The successful handling of the Northern Song Dynasty Imperial College is insepara-ble to the sufficient provision ,which source of funds comes from two main channels:one is government funding;the other independent financing. the main subdivision consists of learning field rent,given money, house rent ,sale income of printing books, interest rate, minister money, folk dona-tion. Because of its funding source is wider, and allowing for independent financing, so the Northern Song Dynasty Imperial College can be healthy managed.%  太学是中国古代高等教育的主要形式之一。北宋太学在中国教育史上出类拔萃,乃至独占鳌头。北宋太学的成功办理,与其经费供应的相对充足是密不可分的。其经费来源,主要有两个渠道:一是政府拨款;二是太学自主筹措。若细分,计有赡学钱、赐钱、学田租、房租屋课、光监钱、刊印经籍销售款、公使钱、息钱、民间捐资等。正因为其来源较广,并允许自主筹措,故使北宋太学得以健康办理。

  14. Más allá del tercer mundo: Globalidad imperial, colonialidad global y movimientos sociales anti-globalización

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    Arturo Escobar

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available La creciente comprensión de que existen problemas modernos para los cuales no hay soluciones modernas apunta hacia la necesidad de moverse más allá del paradigma de la modernidad y, por tanto, más allá del Tercer Mundo. La imaginación del después del Tercer Mundo ocurre con dos procesos centrales como telón de fondo: Primero, el surgimiento de una nueva forma de globalidad imperial, impulsada por los Estados Unidos, un orden económico-militar-ideológico que subordina regiones, pueblos y economías en todo el mundo; la globalidad imperial tiene su lado oculto en lo que puede ser denominado, siguiendo un grupo de investigadores latinoamericanos, colonialidad global, esto es, el aumento de la marginalización y supresión del conocimiento de los grupos subaltenos. El segundo proceso social es la emergencia de redes de movimientos sociales auto-organizadas que operan bajo una nueva lógica, fomentando formas de globalización contra-hegemónicas. Es argumentado que en tanto se articulan con las políticas de la diferencia, particularmente a través de estrategias políticas basadas-en-lugar aunque trasnacionalizadas, estos movimientos representan la mejor esperanza para re-elaborar la globalidad imperial y la colonialidad global en formas que hagan de la imaginación del después del Tercer Mundo, y del más allá de la modernidad, un proyecto viable.

  15. Russian Observations of European Experience in Agricultural Development in 1840s (based on the printed output of the Imperial Agricultural Societies of Russia

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    Yulia I. Kuznetsova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the first half of the nineteenth century, agriculture in Russia had reached the new level of development. The Imperial Agricultural Societies paid much attention to establishing relations with the foreign agricultural societies and kept up with their periodicals, issuing translations and abridgements of texts, which could be interesting to the Russian readers. This paper examines the articles on farming industry in Great Britain, France, German countries, Italy, and the USA, released in journals and transactions of Imperial Agricultural Societies of Russia in 1840s. The research draws on both reviews of European congresses or exhibitions, written by members of agricultural societies, and the articles written by foreign authors and published in translation. Such approach made it possible to specify the certain topics appealing to Russian farmers. Moreover, the study of the articles contributed by the Imperial Agricultural Societies helped to build a complete picture representing knowledge on history, theory and practice of foreign and Russian husbandry, shared by the Russian farmers in 1840s. It is also worth to mention that the effective work of agricultural journals in fact integrated Russian farming communities into the broad network of contacts, experience and knowledge exchange, which had been functioning in Europe in the first half of the XIXth century. Nevertheless, the research revealed that the articles in question almost lacked comparisons between Russian and European agriculture. The papers dealing with comparative analysis of the different European farming systems are characterized by noticeably restrained reaction of the editors and authors to the published information. They tended to show the advantages and disadvantages of the foreign farming without furnishing the Russian reader or the Russian authorities with any specific recommendations.

  16. The historical trend of Ming China: An imperial agric-mercantile society%明代中国历史趋势:帝制农商社会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵轶峰

    2008-01-01

    Majority of contemporary Chinese historians have been employing a conceptual framework focusing on the difficulty of capitalistic development in China to analyze the historical trend and potentials of late imperial China. This approach based upon the presupposition of viewing the pattern of Chinese history as abnormal reflects with the remaining influence of the Western-centric methodology. Further, based upon a "normal" point of view, seven fundamental, irreversible, and systematical changes to the Ming society could be identified. By conclusion, China in the Ming period was transforming into an imperial agric-mercantile society. This process proves that late imperial China was not stagnate society without "history," meanwhile, its pattern of development was clearly not identical to the Westem style modernization progress.%中国史学界长期运用资本主义发生学障碍思想模式来分析明清中国历史演变的基本趋势,这其实是一种把明清史当作"变态"来看待的方法,带有强烈的西方中心论色彩.在讨论这种思想模式多方面的问题之后,从"正常"的视点出发,可得出明代中国正在发生七种历史性的转变、其趋势是演变成为一种帝制农商社会的结论.这一历程以独特而又合乎逻辑的方式展现了人类社会转变的一种非西方模式.

  17. 重探传播学研究中的文化帝国主义理论%Reconsidering Cultural Imperialism Theory in Communication Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭侃

    2014-01-01

    从传播学研究中发展出的文化帝国主义理论,已成为很多学科领域的重要理论,甚至被用于国际政治斗争中。但遗憾的是,这个理论的使用存在很大的随意性,甚至缺乏一个明确的定义,也在不同的理论语境中遭到了诸多批评。因此,本文旨在基于对文献的梳理,总结出文化帝国主义的研究者们所秉持的主要理论观点,进而探讨文化帝国主义理论所受到的批评,以及文化帝国主义理论家们对批评做出的回应。最后,本文提出了一种新的全球传播中的文化不对称互相依存模型,旨在为文化帝国主义理论的支持者和批评者之间搭建沟通的桥梁。%As a theory first emerged from communication research,cultural imperialism theory has become one of the most popular theories used in many academic areas,and it is also one of the powerful theories that have directly been incorporated into the world of international politics,but unfortunately,this theory is used in a well-defined way,and even lacks of a precise definition,which has been heavily attacked.Thus,this paper seeks to generalize the main propositions commonly held by the communication researchers who engaged with cultural imperialism theory based on an historic literature review.Moreover,this article also considers the vari-ous critiques of this theory and the responses to these critiques from cultural imperialism theory proponents. Then this paper concludes with a new Cultural Asymmetrical Interdependence Model to bridge the gulf between cultural imperialism proponents and its critics for future research.

  18. Más allá del tercer mundo: Globalidad imperial, colonialidad global y movimientos sociales anti-globalización

    OpenAIRE

    Arturo Escobar; Traducción de Eduardo Restrepo U.

    2004-01-01

    La creciente comprensión de que existen problemas modernos para los cuales no hay soluciones modernas apunta hacia la necesidad de moverse más allá del paradigma de la modernidad y, por tanto, más allá del Tercer Mundo. La imaginación del después del Tercer Mundo ocurre con dos procesos centrales como telón de fondo: Primero, el surgimiento de una nueva forma de globalidad imperial, impulsada por los Estados Unidos, un orden económico-militar-ideológico que subordina regiones, pueblos y econo...

  19. [Nelson Rockefeller and the activities of the American International Association for Economic and Social Development: the debate concerning mission and imperialism in Brazil, 1946-1961].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Claiton Marcio da

    2013-10-01

    The article analyzes the bibliography on Nelson Rockefeller and the activities of the American International Association for Economic and Social Development in Brazil. It describes optimistic interpretations of Rockefeller's and the association's work, as well as the nationalist stream of thought, which characterized him as one of the chief representatives of U.S. imperialism, both as a political representative in the 1960s and as the mind behind endeavors of interest to the private sector. It is shown that at the individual and agency levels alike, these initiatives involved direct ties to the local elites, who influenced the reshaping and operationalization of technical cooperation projects.

  20. A Galerkin, finite-element analysis of steady-state flow and heat transport in the shallow hydrothermal system in the East Mesa area, Imperial Valley, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, R.E.

    1977-01-01

    A steady-state simulation model was applied to the shallow hydrothermal system in the East Mesa area of Imperial Valley, Calif. The steady-state equations of flow and heat transport were solved by use of a Galerkin, finite-element method. A solution was obtained by iterating between the temperature and pressure equations, using updated densities and viscosities. Temperature and pressure were obtained for each node, and corresponding head values were calculated. The simulated temperature and pressure patterns correlated well with the observed patterns. Additional data, mainly from test drilling, would be required for construction of a similar model of the deep hydrothermal system.

  1. Review of the Study of Si Chuan Imperial Examination in Ming Dynasty since the 20th Century%二十世纪以来明代四川科举史研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小龙; 田玥

    2014-01-01

    With the development of imperial examination,more and more papers and monographs cover the study of Si Chuan imperial examination,and these achievements can be classified the total number of Si chuan Jin Shi、the regional distribution and reason of Si chuan Jin Shi and so on. However,the study of Si Chuan of imperial examination is still insuf-ficient,which is reflected by the rarely number of core papers and monographs,and the basic historical facts are obscure, and the existing achievements haven’t become a system、the study of the documents of imperial examination is weak,and the fields of research are limited. Therefore,strengthenning the study of Si Chuan imperial examination has become an ur-gent issue,which can make up for the insufficient of the study of regional imperial examination.%随着科举学的兴起,明代四川科举史的研究成果越来越多地出现在相关论著中,其研究主要集中在明代四川进士总数、进士地理分布及原因等。然而,明代四川科举史研究依然存在很多不足,表现在:专题性论著数量极少、基本史实不清、已有研究领域缺乏系统性、科举文献研究薄弱、研究领域有限。因此,加强明代四川科举史研究已经成为填补区域科举史空白的紧迫性课题之一。

  2. Drilling rig noise assessment model vs. field monitoring results Imperial Oil Resources Cold Lake in-situ bitumen development area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nixon, J.; MacDonald, T. [Imperial Oil Resources, Calgary, AB (Canada). Cold Lake Projects; Wright, R. [HFP Acoustical Consultants Corp., Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2007-07-01

    Oil and gas companies in Alberta must comply with the noise-emissions standards in the Noise Control Directive 038 of the Alberta Energy and Utilities Board (EUB). Licensees are responsible for risk when choosing sites and designing facilities. As such, they are required to work proactively to minimize potential impacts of new developments and must report existing noise levels. Imperial Oil Resources (IOR) Cold Lake operation is Canada's largest in-situ bitumen development facility which undergoes significant, ongoing development including the addition of up to 10 new multi-well production sites per year. In this study, the following equipment was assessed as a component of the noise impact assessment: the draw works, rotary table and drilling floor operations of a typical pad-drilling rig; the equipment skid for a typical diesel-electric rig, which includes two diesel engines, mud pumps and mud tanks; and, the equipment skid for a typical all electric rig, which includes only the mud pumps and mud tanks. Drilling rig noise measurements taken in 2006 at at two operating drill rigs were compared with 1996 drilling rig noise measurements. Sound level measurements at the U08 and U09 operating drill rigs were completed at distances of 5 m, 10 m, 20 m and 40 m and the measurements were used to calculate sound power levels for the drilling floor. A comparison of predicted sound levels to measured sound levels was then presented. Higher sound power level values in the 2006 measurements were due to equipment noise being centered at the drilling complex as opposed to the rig floor in 1996. The 2006 field monitoring data were then used by HFP Acoustical Consultants to update the predictive model which was provided to IOR in January 2006. The updated sound levels around the electric drilling rigs range from approximately 60 dBA near the edge of the lease up to 83 dBA near the noisiest equipment. It was concluded that the predictions from the model remain conservative and

  3. All Roads Lead to Rome: Exploring Human Migration to the Eternal City through Biochemistry of Skeletons from Two Imperial-Era Cemeteries (1st-3rd c AD.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Killgrove

    Full Text Available Migration within the Roman Empire occurred at multiple scales and was engaged in both voluntarily and involuntarily. Because of the lengthy tradition of classical studies, bioarchaeological analyses must be fully contextualized within the bounds of history, material culture, and epigraphy. In order to assess migration to Rome within an updated contextual framework, strontium isotope analysis was performed on 105 individuals from two cemeteries associated with Imperial Rome-Casal Bertone and Castellaccio Europarco-and oxygen and carbon isotope analyses were performed on a subset of 55 individuals. Statistical analysis and comparisons with expected local ranges found several outliers who likely immigrated to Rome from elsewhere. Demographics of the immigrants show men and children migrated, and a comparison of carbon isotopes from teeth and bone samples suggests the immigrants may have significantly changed their diet. These data represent the first physical evidence of individual migrants to Imperial Rome. This case study demonstrates the importance of employing bioarchaeology to generate a deeper understanding of a complex ancient urban center.

  4. All Roads Lead to Rome: Exploring Human Migration to the Eternal City through Biochemistry of Skeletons from Two Imperial-Era Cemeteries (1st-3rd c AD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Killgrove, Kristina; Montgomery, Janet

    2016-01-01

    Migration within the Roman Empire occurred at multiple scales and was engaged in both voluntarily and involuntarily. Because of the lengthy tradition of classical studies, bioarchaeological analyses must be fully contextualized within the bounds of history, material culture, and epigraphy. In order to assess migration to Rome within an updated contextual framework, strontium isotope analysis was performed on 105 individuals from two cemeteries associated with Imperial Rome-Casal Bertone and Castellaccio Europarco-and oxygen and carbon isotope analyses were performed on a subset of 55 individuals. Statistical analysis and comparisons with expected local ranges found several outliers who likely immigrated to Rome from elsewhere. Demographics of the immigrants show men and children migrated, and a comparison of carbon isotopes from teeth and bone samples suggests the immigrants may have significantly changed their diet. These data represent the first physical evidence of individual migrants to Imperial Rome. This case study demonstrates the importance of employing bioarchaeology to generate a deeper understanding of a complex ancient urban center.

  5. [The seven wounds Ernst Jünger at the time of the Great War. Reflection of the health service of the imperial army].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ségal, Alain; Ferrandis, Jean-Jacques

    2012-01-01

    Thanks to Ernt Junger's amazing career--and despite his many injuries--we have a great view of the German Imperial Army's sanitary corps. This can be observed from the actions of the stretcher-bearers to German hospitals in general, and with the organization of their sanitary transport, as well as their medico-surgical concerns. We can see, therefore, that very few differences existed with the French medico-surgical structures except for the fact that,from the very beginning, Imperial medical warfare was able to adjust to the changes from field to trench situations. Thanks to its adaptable system of triage, and its ability to offer the most coherent medico-surgical choices and options, it was possible to save time. It enabled surgical actions in places that were close to the battlefield. Furthermore, we have been able to find out about the personal experience of an exceptional 20th century writer who later became a great European citizen.

  6. Introduction to "Japanese Imperial Maps as Sources for East Asian History: The Past and Future of the Gaihōzu"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kären Wigen

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The spatial turn of recent years has brought a number of novel landscapes into focus for scholars of East Asia. One such frontier—located at the intersection of urban development, state power, and territorialization—provided the conceptual ground for the inaugural issue of the Cross-Currents e-journal in December 2011. Another—the domain of imperial cartography—undergirds the present collection of articles. The articles featured here grew out of an international symposium on the gaihōzu held at Stanford University in October 2011. The occasion for the conference was the belated discovery that Stanford is among the half dozen universities in the United States to harbor an as-yet uncatalogued collection of Japanese military maps. Bringing together librarians, geographers, and historians from both sides of the Pacific with generous support from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, the Stanford symposium explored how Japanese military and imperial maps can speak to the fields of social, diplomatic, and economic history alike. Whether interrogated as evidence for the mentality of their makers, the process of their production, or the content of their data, gaihōzu offer a wealth of scholarly riches.

  7. 日本法西斯统治与大政翼赞体制%Political Structure of the Japanese Fascist Rule and the Imperial Rule Assistance System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张东

    2015-01-01

    After the collapse of the party politics in contemporary Japan,while reinforcing the administrative independence,the “national unity cabinet”advocated fair elections to better man-age the popular will.But the two were separated and lacked a political entity for carrying and re-alizing the popular will.As an opposition to and repudiation of the politics of liberal political par-ties,Fumimaro Konoe launched the movement of imperial rule assistance and set up the imperial rule assistance association which had sustained criticism over its alleged contravention of the con-stitution in the parliament and general public opinion.The cabinet of Hideki Tojo set up the as-sistance political association which kept the political nature of the imperial rule assistance associa-tion while successfully freed itself of the former’s suspect constitutional contravention and made the parliament essentially an impotent figurehead.The system of the imperial rule assistance in-cluded both the ethics of national polity and constitutional rules.It stipulated to maintain the“constitutional facade”of the parliament in the meantime of popular political assistance.But e-ventually the ethics and morals overrode the constitutional rules,and the political popularization of the national life led to the outcome of the loss of authority of constitutional rules,the degener-ation of the parliament into a passage to the strengthening of the imperial authority,and of the Emperor’s becoming of the authority of all authorities.%近代日本的政党政治崩溃后,举国一致内阁在强化行政自立的同时,标榜公平选举以疏通民意,但缺乏承载和实现民意的政治主体。基于对自由主义政党政治的反动与否定,近卫文麿发起大政翼赞运动并成立大政翼赞会,但在议会及社会舆论中,大政翼赞会受到违宪批判。东条英机内阁成立翼赞政治会,承载起了大政翼赞会的政治性并解除其“违宪嫌疑

  8. Cinco desafíos en el ejercicio del liderazgo en los rectores de colegios Cinco desaños no exercício da liderança nos reitores de colégios Five Challenges to the Exercise of Leadership by School Principals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Restrepo-Abondano

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo plantea la hipótesis sobre las razones del cambio de época que justifican un modelo de liderazgo que deben ejercer los rectores de colegios, centrado en la colaboración y la adaptación, para orientar sus instituciones hacia nuevas formas de innovación pedagógica y organizacional que den respuesta a la expectativa familiar y social sobre el resultado del proceso de educación de niños y jóvenes. Mediante la revisión bibliográfica se estructuró el tema en cinco grandes núcleos gerenciales definidos como "desafíos", para aportar una perspectiva que integra, en primer lugar, la consideración de aspectos que parten de la persona en el rol rectoral (el ser y que en el avance del documento plantean los múltiples frentes de la gestión educativa ante los cuales la dirección debe dar una respuesta oportuna y eficiente (el hacer. Concluye sobre la urgencia de introducir en el rol del rector del colegio una perspectiva de su gestión que incluya, a partir del conocimiento de sí mismo, la habilidad para entender los cambios de época y la competencia técnica para implementar un modelo de dirección competitivo.Este artigo propõe uma hipótese sobre as razões da mudança de época que justificam um modelo de liderança que deve exercer os reitores de colégios, centrado na colaboração e na adaptação, para orientar suas instituições a novas formas de inovação pedagógica e organizacional que respondam à expectativa familiar e social sobre o resultado do processo de educação de crianças e jovens. Mediante a revisão bibliográfica, estruturou-se o tema em cinco grandes núcleos gerenciais definidos como "desafíos", para contribuir com uma perspectiva que integra, em primeiro lugar, a consideração de aspectos que partem da pessoa no papel reitoral (o ser e que no avanço do documento propõem as múltiplas frentes da gestão educativa ante as quais a direção deve dar uma resposta oportuna e eficiente (o fazer

  9. The Imperial Shield

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Simon Valentin

    2006-01-01

    , due to an unwillingness to prioritise between the War in Vietnam and the War on Poverty on part of the Johnson Administration. In June of 1968, Congress finally passed Johnson's tax raise, and government expenditures were cut as part of the bargain. But the improvement only lasted for about a year...... the Administration debated the deployment of new ABM-sites in early 1970, Kissinger could not prevail against these forces, but had to settle for a compromise, which he regarded as less than a definite commitment to nationwide ABM-defense.The political developments were of even greater importance. A strong link has...

  10. CSR as Imperialism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund-Thomsen, Peter; Khan, Farzad Rafi

    2011-01-01

    the interpretations given to Western-based CSR initiatives by local manufacturers. Data from two qualitative research projects on CSR initiatives in the soccer ball industry of Sialkot, Pakistan, are utilized to explore this issue in an inductive and exploratory manner. The article suggests that many soccer ball...

  11. Linguistic Imperialism: African Perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillipson, Robert

    1996-01-01

    Responds to an article on aspects of African language policy and discusses the following issues: multilingualism and monolingualism, proposed changes in language policy from the Organization for African Unity and South African initiatives, the language of literature, bilingual education, and whose interests English-language teaching is serving.…

  12. The Imperial Shield

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Simon Valentin

    2006-01-01

    that the cost of deploying ABM-defense was higher than the cost of neutralizing most of the protection provided by ABM-defense, and that civil defense was a far more effective Damage Limiting measure anyway. Economic and Military Overstretch merely pushed the Johnson Administration in the direction that its...... argument was that deterring a Soviet attack by maintaining a completely invulnerable and powerfull retaliatory force was far more cost-effective, it was preferable in terms of crisis management, and it was far less likely to trigger a futile arms race. McNamara's studies from as far back as 1962 proved...... was consistently less supportive of ABM-defense than that of the Republicans, which meant that Nixon's historical failure to carry a single chamber of Congress in 1968 was a serious setback for nationwide ABM-defense. The Democratic Right supported nationwide ABM-defense from 1966 to 1968, but in 1970 it decided...

  13. Manufacturing Ancient Imperial Silk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    China was the first country in the world to develop silkworm breeding silk reeling, silk weaving, dying and embroidering. Located in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, Zhejiang Province has a long history of silk production. At the Qianshanyang Remains, which date back 4,800 years, silk fabrics were excavated. All rulers of past ages had special organizations responsible for

  14. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): CERCLIS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data provides location and attribute information on Facilities regulated under the Comprehensive Environmental Responsibility Compensation and Liability...

  15. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): Power Plants

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This GIS dataset contains data on power plants, based on the Energy Information Administration's EIA-860 dataset and supplemented with data from EPA's Facility...

  16. FRS Download Summary and Data Element Dictionary ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    ECHO, Enforcement and Compliance History Online, provides compliance and enforcement information for approximately 800,000 EPA-regulated facilities nationwide. ECHO includes permit, inspection, violation, enforcement action, and penalty information about facilities regulated under the Clean Air Act (CAA) Stationary Source Program, Clean Water Act (CWA) National Pollutant Elimination Discharge System (NPDES), and/or Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Information also is provided on surrounding demographics when available.

  17. [Russland an der Ostsee : imperiale Strategien der Macht und kulturelle Wahrnehmungsmuster (16. bis 20. Jahrhundert) = Russia on the Baltic : imperial strategies of power and cultural patterns of perception (16th-20th centuries). Hrsg. von Kartsen Br

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laur, Mati, 1955-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Russland an der Ostsee : imperiale Strategien der Macht und kulturelle Wahrnehmungsmuster (16. bis 20. Jahrhundert) = Russia on the Baltic : imperial strategies of power and cultural patterns of perception (16th-20th centuries). (Quellen und Studien zur Baltischen Geschichte, 22). Hrsg. von Kartsen Brüggemann und Bradley Woodworth. Böhlau Verlag. Wien u.a. 2012.

  18. [Russland an der Ostsee : imperiale Strategien der Macht und kulturelle Wahrnehmungsmuster (16. bis 20. Jahrhundert) = Russia on the Baltic : imperial strategies of power and cultural patterns of perception (16th-20th centuries). Hrsg. von Kartsen Br

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laur, Mati, 1955-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Russland an der Ostsee : imperiale Strategien der Macht und kulturelle Wahrnehmungsmuster (16. bis 20. Jahrhundert) = Russia on the Baltic : imperial strategies of power and cultural patterns of perception (16th-20th centuries). (Quellen und Studien zur Baltischen Geschichte, 22). Hrsg. von Kartsen Brüggemann und Bradley Woodworth. Böhlau Verlag. Wien u.a. 2012.

  19. Between India and the Indies: German mercantile networks, the struggle for the imperial crown and the naming of the New World

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieper, Renate

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1507, the excitement over the publication of the Mundus Novus led to the naming of a new continent on the map, a globe and a learned treatise as an appendix to an edition of a work by Ptolemy published in Saint-Dié, Lorraine. Network analysis of the cities where the broadsheet Mundus Novus, attributed to Amerigo Vespucci, appeared shows that the text was mainly published in German mercantile cities, especially Augsburg and Nuremberg between 1504 and 1506. There is strong evidence that this text about the voyages of Amerigo Vespucci was primarily issued to raise money in order to finance German mercantile investments in the Portuguese fleet to Asia in 1505-1506. In 1507, the map and the globe with the new name for the New World demonstrated the riches that the members of the Diet of Konstanz might obtain if they supported Maximilian in his expedition to Italy and his quest for the imperial crown. Thus, the struggle between Maximilian I and Louis XII for the title of Holy Roman Emperor and the need for investment in German trade with Asia determined the invention of America.El gran número de impresos sobre el “Mundus Novus” descubierto por Amerigo Vespucci incitaron el nombramiento del nuevo continente en un globo, un mapa y un tratado de geografía junto con una edición de la obra de Tolomeo impresos en Saint-Dié en 1507. El análisis de las redes de las ciudades en donde se publicó el “Mundus Novus” muestra que este texto fue impreso sobre todo en ciudades mercantiles alemanas, especialmente en Augsburgo y Nuremberg entre 1504 y 1506. Esta ola de publicidad se debió seguramente a las necesidades financieras de las casas mercantiles de la región para poder participar en una flota portuguesa a la India en 1505-06. En 1507, el mapa y el globo que llevaban un nombre nuevo para un nuevo mundo mostraban las riquezas que los participantes de la dieta imperial de Konstanz pudieran ganar apoyando a Maximiliano de Austria en su expedici

  20. Water Transfers, Air Quality, Ecosystems and Population Growth at the US-Mexico Border: An Integrated Model of the Mexicali and Imperial Valleys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forster, C. B.; Gonzalez, T.; Peach, J.; Kjelland, M.; Collins, K.; Grant, W. E.

    2006-12-01

    Borderland communities in the Imperial-Mexicali Valleys (IMVs) of California (U.S.A.) and Mexicali (Mexico) are experiencing socioeconomic and environmental changes driven by policy makers and environmental conditions both within and outside the IMVs. The Colorado River Quantification Settlement Agreement (QSA) of 2003 will transfer 30 million acre-feet of Colorado River water from Imperial Valley (IV) agricultural users to Southern California urban users over a 75-year period. Because the water level of the Salton Sea is supported by agricultural runoff, reduced water flows to the sea raise concerns that: 1) air quality will be degraded as dust is generated by the drying Sea-bed, and 2) declining fish populations due to increasing salinity will no longer support birds migrating along a key avian flyway. Rapid population growth in the Mexican border-city of Mexicali, combined with new power plants and plans for water reuse, raises concerns that: 1) the quantity and quality of water supplied to the Salton Sea will decline, and 2) increased vehicle use and electrical power generation will lead to declining air quality in the binational air basin. Each concern may be affected by climate change. As environmental factors change, so too may the agricultural economy of the Imperial Valley that, in turn, depends on the availability of both water and manual labor. The economy of Mexicali is dominated by the maquiladora (manufacturing) industry that depends upon the availability of power, labor and water. A system dynamics model, with annual time step, simulates this complex binational system. The model was developed by an academic team with input from local experts/decision-makers from both Mexico and the US. We are preparing to engage community stakeholders and decision-makers in exploring the model. Insights gained from model results yield better understanding of the consequences of alternative future scenarios that include: QSA water transfers and land fallowing plans

  1. The Obsidian Creep Project: Seismic Imaging in the Brawley Seismic Zone and Salton Sea Geothermal Field, Imperial County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catchings, R. D.; Rymer, M. J.; Goldman, M.; Lohman, R. B.; McGuire, J. J.

    2010-12-01

    In March 2010, we acquired medium- and high-resolution P- and S-wave seismic reflection and refraction data across faults in the Brawley seismic zone (BSZ) and across part of the Salton Sea Geothermal Field (SSGF), Imperial Valley, California. Our objectives were to determine the dip, possible structural complexities, and seismic velocities associated with the BSZ and SSGF. We acquired multiple seismic data sets along a north-south profile and a high-resolution P-wave profile along an east-west profile. The north-south profile included: 1) a 6.4-km-long P-wave (main) profile that was recorded on 320 Texan seismographs spaced at 20-m intervals, 2) a 1.2-km-long cabled, high-resolution profile along the northern end of the main profile, and 3) an approximately 1.2-km-long S-wave profile along the cabled profile. P-wave sources along the main profile were generated by 0.15- to 0.45-kg buried explosions spaced every 40 m, and P-wave sources along the cabled profile were generated by Betsy-Seisgun ‘shots’ spaced every 10 m. S-waves sources were generated by hammer impacts on the ends of an aluminum block. The east-west profile consisted of a 3.4-km-long high-resolution P-wave seismic profile with shots (Betsy-Seisgun) and geophones spaced every 10 m. Preliminary interpretation of shot gathers from blasts in the north-south profile suggests that the BSZ and SSGF are structurally complex, with abundant faults extending to or near the ground surface. Also, we observe relatively high-velocity material, apparent velocities of about 4.0 km/s in one direction and about 2.8 km/s in another relative to about 1.6 km/s for shallower material, that shallows beneath the SSGF. This may be due to high temperatures and resultant metamorphism of buried materials in the SSGF. From preliminary interpretation of shot gathers along the east-west profile we interpret a prominent fault that extends to the ground surface. This fault is on projection of the Kalin fault, from about 40 m to

  2. Final Report: Baseline Selenium Monitoring of Agricultural Drains Operated by the Imperial Irrigation District in the Salton Sea Basin, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saiki, Michael K.; Martin, Barbara A.; May, Thomas W.

    2010-01-01

    This report summarizes comprehensive findings from a 4-year-long field investigation to document baseline environmental conditions in 29 agricultural drains and ponds operated by the Imperial Irrigation District along the southern border of the Salton Sea. Routine water-quality collections and fish community assessments were conducted on as many as 16 sampling dates at roughly quarterly intervals from July 2005 to April 2009. The water-quality measurements included total suspended solids and total (particulate plus dissolved) selenium. With one exception, fish were surveyed with baited minnow traps at quarterly intervals during the same time period. However, in July 2007, fish surveys were not conducted because we lacked permission from the California Department of Fish and Game for incidental take of desert pupfish (Cyprinodon macularius), an endangered species. During April and October 2006-08, water samples also were collected from seven intensively monitored drains (which were selected from the 29 total drains) for measurement of particulate and dissolved selenium, including inorganic and organic fractions. In addition, sediment, aquatic food chain matrices [particulate organic detritus, filamentous algae, net plankton, and midge (chironomid) larvae], and two fish species (western mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis; and sailfin molly, Poecilia latipinna) were sampled from the seven drains for measurement of total selenium concentrations. The mosquitofish and mollies were intended to serve as surrogates for pupfish, which we were not permitted to sacrifice for selenium determinations. Water quality (temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, specific conductance, and turbidity) values were typical of surface waters in a hot, arid climate. A few drains exhibited brackish, near-anoxic conditions, especially during summer and fall when water temperatures occasionally exceeded 30 degrees Celsius. Total selenium concentrations in water were directly correlated with salinity and

  3. The Study on the Historical Originality and Contemporariness of Lenin′s Imperialism Theory%列宁帝国主义理论的历史原创性与当代性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘维春

    2015-01-01

    Lenin′s imperialism theory is not only the integration of the second international theorists ′thoughts,but also a truly innovation on the comprehensive basis. It is neither completely innovation of Lenin himself,nor absolutely of no creative value. The originality of Lenin′s imperialism theory is not only the necessi-ty to understand the truth of Lenin′s imperialism,but also provides a theoretical basis and methodology guidance for our understanding of capitalism new development today. In the context of globalization,Lenin′s imperialism theory is neither readily available nor completely obsolete. Today,the outbreak of the world financial crisis con-firms the realization of Lenin′s imperialism prophecy and its time values to some degree.%列宁帝国主义论既是对第二国际理论家的综合,又是在综合基础的真正创新;既非列宁本人的完全独创,也非完全没有创造性价值。列宁帝国主义论的原创性不仅是认识列宁帝国主义论真实面目之必要,也为我们认识今天资本主义的新发展提供了理论基础和方法论指导。在全球化形势下,列宁的帝国主义论既非现成可用,也非完全过时。今天全世界金融危机的爆发不仅是列宁帝国主义论预言的实现,而且也从一定程度上证实了列宁帝国主义论的时代价值。

  4. In search of the lost Century. The imperial claim to the rescue of the 19th Century during the consolidation of the Franco Era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferrán GALLEGO

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This article sets up the role of historical essay in the constitution of Spanish nationalist discourse in the years of early civil postwar and initial consolidation of Franco’s regime. It explores the transition of studies basically related to imperial Spain to those examining decadence. Moreover, it evaluates the irruption of a new intellectual consideration of Spanish Nineteenth Century. These last elements —the new analysis of modern decadence and the vindication of regeneration criticism—, were congruent with an intellectual and political need of Francoism. This was the urgency of strengthening its singularity and its will of permanence,when the destruction of international fascist experience could be seen as a contingent circumstance opening way for the recovering of the Spanish universal enterprise essence.

  5. Newcastle disease in a zoo affecting demoiselle cranes (Anthropoides virgo), greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber) and a pied imperial pigeon (Ducula bicolor).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaleta, E F; Marschall, H J

    1981-07-01

    Newcastle disease virus could be isolated from demoiselle cranes (Anthropoides virgo), greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber) and a pied imperial pigeon (Ducula bicolor) in chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cultures. All of these birds died without prominent symptoms and had no typical pathological lesions. Identification and characterisation studies of the viruses were performed in CEF cultures and embryos. Serological cross reactions could be detected between NDV strain B1 and the new isolates by haemagglutination inhibition and plaque reduction tests. Electron microscopic examination revealed particles with paramyxovirus morphology. Inoculation of susceptible cockerels resulted in severe clinical symptoms and mortality. The distribution of lesions in the digestive tract indicates that the isolated viruses are of the velogenic viscerotropic type.

  6. [V.P. Kravkov as a sanitary physician of the Russian Imperial Army (to centenary of beginning of the First World War)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uzbekova, D G

    2014-01-01

    The article presents for the first time the description of life story and service of V.P. Kravkov (1859-1920)--participant of Russian-Japanese war and the First World War, doctor of medicine, sanitary physician of the Russian Imperial Army and author of number of books and articles on preventive medicine. During these two wars, V.P. Kravkov organized sanitary epidemiological service in fronts. He kept diary regularly reflecting conditions of sanitary epidemiological service during this period, describing one's own observations and assessing survived events. The manuscripts of diaries are stored in the Russian state library. The diaries made great input into summarizing of experience of the Russian military sanitary service and became valuable monument of military memoirs' literature.

  7. A Wind of Change on Java’s Ruined Temples: Archaeological Activities, Imperial Circuits and Heritage Awareness in Java and the Netherlands (1800-1850

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marieke Bloembergen

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on early archaeological activities on Java between 1800 and 1850 in the context of the multiple regime changes of that period. It engages with the New Imperial History’s network-centred approach by looking at circuits of archaeological knowledge gathering in which not empire, but Java’s ruined Hindu and Buddhist temple sites provide ‘the nodal points’. By tracing how people, objects and ideas travelled via these sites, and between the Netherlands and the colony, the article aims to understand the origins and nature of heritage awareness of the modern colonial state. It argues that this archaeological site-centred approach helps us understand how both European concepts and indigenous appropriations of archaeological sites contributed to the development of heritage awareness. There were complex multilayered power-hierarchies at work at these sites and forms of indigenous agency that we might miss if we follow only empire-centred networks.

  8. 编年史视角下的日本在华鸦片贸易%"Imperial Japanese"Drug Trafficking in China:Historiographic Perspectives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    若林正(加拿大); 王山峰(译)

    2014-01-01

    This historiographic study places "imperial Japanese"opium operations -largely run through Chi-nese collaborator regimes-in the context of postwar Japanese scholarly debates on World War Two in Asia .This approach may seem circuitous and convoluted .Why not just describe the opium operations directly .Three factors necessitate this tactical detour .First, not all "imperial Japanese"were ethnic Japanese;colonial peoples such as Koreans and Taiwanese also plied the drug trade in their capacity as Japanese imperial subjects .Second , this topic suffers acute neglect in Japan today owing to a form of postwar political correctness that warrants as much attention as the wartime opium operations themselves .Third, such ideological constraints on historical scholarship warp our understanding of Japanese aggression in China -including the role played by colonial subjects .Below, I briefly out-line the geopolitical contours of "imperial Japanese"opium operations on the Asian continent from 1895 to 1945 , and then tackle the prickly issue of why academic historians in postwar Japan feel a need to portray Chinese and Ko -reans solely as victims of a "Fifteen-Year War"between 1931 and 1945 .In other words , it is hoped that this study of Japanese drug trafficking will also unlock other doors .%二战期间日本在华的毒品走私,很大程度上是通过日本在华的协作者,即汉奸政权开展的,这也是绝大多数日本学者在战后讨论此问题时一个大的语境,这一研究路径看起来似乎有些迂回复杂。为什么不直接研究鸦片贸易呢?有三个方面的因素证明迂回研究的必要性。第一,并非所有的“日本人”都是种族上的日本人,日本殖民下的朝鲜人和台湾人也充当了日本在华鸦片走私的工具。第二,这一问题在战后政治正确的框架下未获得研究许可并被严重忽略了。第三,正因为有上述意识形态方面的强制,历史学者对于日本侵

  9. 唐代科举制度与朋党之争%The Imperial Examination System and the Cabals Scramble in the Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马丽

    2001-01-01

    The establishment and perfection of the imperi al examination system in the Tang Dynasty were the inevitable outcome of the high development of the feu dalistic economy. The scrambles between the bureaucracy clique of the landlord c lass and the old families of power and influence were the peculiar phenomenon in the Tang Dynasty. The two had close relationships.%唐代科举制度的确立与完善,是封建地主经济高度发展的必然结果;科举制度之下形成的地主阶级的官僚集团与旧的门阀势力之间的斗争——朋党之争,是唐代社会特有的历史现象,二者之间有着密不可分的关系。

  10. Niland development project geothermal loan guaranty: 49-MW (net) power plant and geothermal well field development, Imperial County, California: Environmental assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-10-01

    The proposed federal action addressed by this environmental assessment is the authorization of disbursements under a loan guaranteed by the US Department of Energy for the Niland Geothermal Energy Program. The disbursements will partially finance the development of a geothermal well field in the Imperial Valley of California to supply a 25-MW(e) (net) power plant. Phase I of the project is the production of 25 MW(e) (net) of power; the full rate of 49 MW (net) would be achieved during Phase II. The project is located on approximately 1600 acres (648 ha) near the city of Niland in Imperial County, California. Well field development includes the initial drilling of 8 production wells for Phase I, 8 production wells for Phase II, and the possible need for as many as 16 replacement wells over the anticipated 30-year life of the facility. Activities associated with the power plant in addition to operation are excavation and construction of the facility and associated systems (such as cooling towers). Significant environmental impacts, as defined in Council on Environmental Quality regulation 40 CFR Part 1508.27, are not expected to occur as a result of this project. Minor impacts could include the following: local degradation of ambient air quality due to particulate and/or hydrogen sulfide emissions, temporarily increased ambient noise levels due to drilling and construction activities, and increased traffic. Impacts could be significant in the event of a major spill of geothermal fluid, which could contaminate groundwater and surface waters and alter or eliminate nearby habitat. Careful land use planning and engineering design, implementation of mitigation measures for pollution control, and design and implementation of an environmental monitoring program that can provide an early indication of potential problems should ensure that impacts, except for certain accidents, will be minimized.

  11. The Relationship between Jinshi and Prostitutes under the Background of Imperial Examination%科举制背景下的士妓关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭海文

    2012-01-01

    With the improvement of the imperial examination system in the Tang Dynasty,scholars get total relief when they become Jinshi(successful candidates in the highest imperial examinations).Prostitutes under this circumstance become an important way to while away the time.Since the Tang Dynasty,there has been a great change on the relationship between Jinshi and prostitutes: in the Tang Dynasty,they are close partners;in the Song Dynasty,they are bosom friends;in the Yuan Dynasty,they are both frustrated;in the Ming Dynasty,they are like-minded,until in the Qing Dynasty,they transform into whoremasters and prostitutes.These changes in different periods are a mirror of scholars' social status.%唐宋以后,随着科举制度的不断完善,士子们科举之前的紧张和压抑与科举之后的放松形成鲜明对比。在这种情况下,妓女成了他们排遣内心感情的重要途径。自唐代以后,进士们与妓女的关系发生了重要转变,从唐代的亲密合作者到宋代的红颜知己,再到元代"同是天涯沦落人",明代的志趣相投的同志,最后演变到清代嫖客和妓女的关系。不同时代士妓关系的转变也体现了文人社会地位的变化。

  12. Diagnóstico dos garimpos de topázio imperial no Alto Maracujá, Sub-bacia do rio das Velhas, MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robson José Peixoto

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Esse estudo apresenta um diagnóstico dos garimpos de topázio imperial na cabeceira do rio Maracujá, denominada Alto Maracujá, em Cachoeira do Campo, distrito de Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais. Há muitos anos atuante na região, o garimpo é acusado de afetar seriamente a infra-estrutura e o meio ambiente da região, com destaque para os impactos na drenagem e nas matas ciliares. Para realização do diagnóstico ambiental da atividade garimpeira na região, utilizaram-se técnicas de avaliação de impacto ambiental, visitas a campo, entrevistas, levantamento da literatura técnica e histórica da região e localização dos garimpos via GPS. O estudo apresenta os efeitos no meio ambiente e infra-estrutura, bem como a interação sócio-econômica da atividade na região.This study presents a diagnosis of the imperial topaz artisanal mining (garimpo at the head of Maracujá river, called high Maracujá, Cachoeira do Campo, district of Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais. Operating in this region for a long time, the garimpo is accused of seriously affecting the infrastructure and the environment of the region with emphasis on natural drainage and levee's forest impacts. To conduct the environmental diagnosis of the garimpos activity in the region it was used environmental assessment techniques, field trips, interviews, historic literature research and GPS survey of the garimpos. This study presents the effects on the environment and infrastructure as well as the socioeconomic interaction of this activity in the region.

  13. Épocas de aplicação de proexadione cálcio no controle do desenvolvimento vegetativo de macieiras 'Imperial Gala '

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando José Hawerroth

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O controle do desenvolvimento vegetativo é fundamental na cultura da macieira, a fim de aumentar a eficiência produtiva e a qualidade dos frutos produzidos. O desenvolvimento dos ramos pode ser reduzido pelo uso de substâncias inibidoras da biossíntese de giberelinas, como o proexadione cálcio, sendo a resposta deste fitorregulador dependente do padrão sazonal do crescimento da parte aérea. O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes épocas de aplicação de proexadione cálcio no controle do desenvolvimento vegetativo de macieiras 'Imperial Gala', nas condições climáticas do Sul do Brasil. No ciclo de 2008/2009, foram avaliadas seis épocas de aplicação de 330 g ha-1 de proexadione cálcio (28; 58; 88; 118; 148 e 178 dias após a plena floração - DAPF e sete épocas de aplicação em 2009/2010 (20; 50; 80; 110; 140, 170 e 200 DAPF, além do tratamento-testemunha. Aplicações de proexadione cálcio a 330 g ha-1, realizadas aos 20 a 28 dias após a plena floração reduzem o comprimento médio e a massa fresca média dos ramos podados em macieiras 'Imperial Gala'.

  14. Letrados da Amazônia Imperial e saberes das populações analfabetas durante a Revolução Cabana (1835-1840

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAGDA RICCI

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se discute cómo algunos académicos y políticos en Amazon Brasileña entendieron la cultura analfabeta en movimientos como la Cabanagem en la región entre 1835 y 1840. En él se examinan los informes de los presidentes de Pará provincia, estudios de tiempo y el trabajo político y en el centro, la obra Motins políticos , escrita por el historiador y político imperial Domingos Antônio Raiol, Guajará Baron. Escrito entre los años 1860 y 1890, la obra describe las motivaciones para la guerra cabana desde la perspectiva del orden imperial, sobre todo después de la subida del emperador Don Pedro II. Se reconoce como hipótesis que los cambios educativos y sociales, nacidos después de la década de 1870, a pesar de que han fomentado la creación de nuevas instituciones educativas y ampliado el grado y el alcance de la educación formal, también trajeron temores sobre su forma de conducir, ya que es un lugar tan revolucionario como el Pará concluir que discutir cabanos conocimiento –aunque el Raiol lectura tortuosa– es criticar a un tipo de educación formal, incluyendo cuánto puede descalificar el conocimiento y el conocimiento del mundo informal.

  15. On Imperial Tung wen College of Education and Teaching%略论京师同文馆的教育与教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林文强

    2012-01-01

    Imperial Tung Wen College, or the School of Combined Learning, an agency for education and translation founded by Qing Government in Beijing, was the first new type of school in Chinese modern educa- tion. Stimulating the foundations of a group of the new type schools and cultivating lots of foreign language tal- ents and diplomatists, the school played an important role in the promotion of Chinese modern education. In contrast with traditional education, Imperial Tung Wen College had some major breakthroughs in curriculum design, school -running model, organizing, teaching method and some other aspects, which met the needs of the times and made a difference in the essence of Chinese modern education. Its historical contribution provid- ed us with a good reference for the current education reform.%京师同文馆是由清政府设立的中国近代教育史上第一所新式学校,是一所教育和翻译机构。它带动了一批新式学校的设立,培养了大批翻译和外交人才,对中国近代教育的发展起了很大推动作用,开始打破传统的教育观念、教育模式、教育内容,从教育上开始由古代转向近代,对中国社会产生深远的影响,反思其办学理念对现代教育改革有重要的借鉴作用。

  16. Russian Imperial Principles and Technologies of the Management ofEthno-Confessional Diversity and of the Integration of Traditional Socio-Cultural Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor I. Verniaev

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the new monograph by Boris Mironov, “The Russian Empire: From Tradition to Modernity,” which is devoted to the social history of Russia in the imperial period. One of its main characteristics is its fundamental interdisciplinarity and the use of various research methods and strategies. Mironov synthesizes the approaches of social, economic, political and visual history, social anthropology, historical demography, sociology, political science and psychology. I.I. Verniaev, an ethnographer by profession, views this book through the eyes of an ethnographer and analyzes it from the perspective of social anthropology. In his opinion, Mironov succeeded in deeply analyzing the principles and technologies of management of ethnic and confessional diversity and the transformation of traditional socio-cultural institutions. The article discusses how Mironov identifies and analyzes such imperial principles and technologies of management of ethno-confessional diversity, modernization, and integration of socio-cultural systems as maintaining the status quo, the relative autonomy of ethnic groups in the early stages of incorporation of the national borderlands, ethnic and religious tolerance, the use of intermediate symbiotic (neo-traditional, in terms of ethnography institutions, confessionalization, the predominance of social rather than ethnic assimilation, legitimation and the ennoblement of national elites, their inclusion in the system of governance of the empire, the extension and adaptation of the estate system to include new groups of the population from the national borderlands, the confessionalization of religions, and the empowerment of the clergy through rights and responsibilities in the administrative system. These processes are interpreted in terms of models of traditional societies and cultures developed in modern ethnography, and the manner of their modernization and incorporation into modern society.

  17. Comprensión lectora en la formación inicial docente: estudiantes de educación general básica en una universidad del Consejo de Rectores Spanish Reading Comprehension Levels among Primary School Teacher Education BA Program Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Maldonado Fuentes

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El presente artículo entrega los resultados obtenidos del estudio sobre el logro de la habilidad de comprensión lectora, en estudiantes de Formación Inicial Docente de la carrera de Pedagogía en Educación General Básica de una universidad del Consejo de Rectores4, en función de la descripción de niveles de logro explicitados en los Mapas de Progreso del Aprendizaje (MINEDUC, 2007a. El estudio parte tipificando las habilidades y variables asociadas a la comprensión lectora descritas en el documento oficial del Ministerio de Educación de Chile, ''Mapas de Progreso del Aprendizaje: Sector Lenguaje y Comunicación, Mapa de Progreso de Lectura5'' (Ministerio de Educación de Chile, 2007a. A partir de lo anterior, se construyó y validó un instrumento de evaluación, para luego determinar los niveles de porcentaje general de logro y, en particular, los logros en las habilidades medidas en dos grupos de estudiantes con diferencia de un año de estudios universitarios. Finalmente, se comparó el rendimiento de los mismos estudiantes en tiempos distintos en una submuestra. El principal resultado encontrado es la no existencia de diferencia significativa en las habilidades de comprensión lectora, entre estudiantes con dos o tres años de Formación Inicial Docente en la carrera estudiada.Abstract This paper examines preliminary findings of Spanish Reading Comprehension achievement levels among primary school teacher training (Initial Preparation Program students of a southern state university according to the given outcome levels described by the official Learning Progress Maps: Language and Communication single subject, Reading Progress Maps set by the Ministry of Education in Chile (Ministerio de Educación de Chile, 2007a. The study describes the spanish reading comprehension abilities and variables prior to the application of the assessment instruments used with second- and third-year students to finally compare the results. Data

  18. Es hora de aplicar los Principios Rectores en Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    Shiva K Dhungana

    2008-01-01

    Mientras el nuevo gobierno nepalés dirigido por los maoístas demora la aplicación de la política nacional sobre desplazados internos, siguen desatendidas las necesidades de aquéllos que han huido a causa del conflicto armado.

  19. Arc-rift transition volcanism in the Volcanic Hills, Jacumba and Coyote Mountains, San Diego and Imperial Counties, california

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisch, Gregory Zane

    Neogene volcanism associated with the subduction of the Farallon-Pacific spreading center and the transition from a subduction zone to a rift zone has been studied extensively in Baja, California, Mexico. One of the main goals of these studies was to find a geochemical correlation with slab windows that may have formed during that complicated transition. While workers have been able to find distinct geochemical signatures in samples from Baja California, none have shown statistically significant correlation with samples from southern California that are thought to be related to the same arc-rift transition events. All of the basaltic samples from this study of southern California rocks have prominent Nb depletions typical of island-arc subduction-related volcanism, in contrast to the chemistry of Baja California volcanics that have trace element patterns typical of synrift related volcanism. The work done by previous investigators has been additionally complicated due to each investigator's choice of important ratios or patterns, which bears little, if any, correlation with work done by others working in the same area. For example, Martin-Barajas et al. (1995) use K/Rb ratios in their study of the Puertocitos Volcanic Province, while Castillo (2008) argues that Sr/Y vs. Y is a better indicator of petrogenetic processes. Little petrologic work has been done on Neogene volcanic rocks in the Imperial Valley and eastern San Diego County region of Southern California. This thesis combines new research with that of previous workers and attempts to establish a better understanding of the processes involved with the transition volcanism. Prior work documents significant differences in the geochemistry between some of these areas, especially those in close proximity to each other (e.g. the Volcanic Hills and Coyote Mountains). These differences were thought to be largely the result different magmatic sources. The potential of finding two differing magma types in close

  20. Different histories, similar opinions? Perspectives of presidents of public and private universities on Argentina’s higher education system Historias diferentes, opiniões similares? As perspectivas dos reitores de universidades públicas e privadas sobre o sistema universitário argentino ¿Historias diferentes, opiniones comunes? Las perspectivas de 16 rectores de universidades públicas y privadas sobre el sistema universitario argentino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Fernanda Arias

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available

    This article analyzes the opinions about the system of higher education in Argentina of presidents of private and public universities. The sample consisted of sixteen in-depth interviews with presidents of public and private universities. In the 1990s Argentina, similarly to other Latin American and European countries, initiated profound reforms of its university system The analysis of the interviews shows, that although Argentina's higher education system was traditionally organized around the ethos of public universities and only recently a new but increasingly influential private sector was developed, the opinions of the presidents of both types of universities is rather similar..  We concluded that the type of governance, public or private, is not the most influential dynamic in the opinions of the presidents of these universities, but the particular history and institutional traditions are better explanatory variables.

     

    Este artigo analisa as opiniões dos reitores de universidades públicas e privadas sobre o sistema universitário argentino. A amostra foi composta de dezesseis entrevistas em profundidade feitas com reitores de universidades públicas e privadas. Argentina, juntamente com outros países latino-americanos e europeus começou a reformar completamente o seu sistema universitário na década de 90. As entrevistas indicam que, apesar que o sistema universitário argentino estar fortemente marcado por a tradição das universidades públicas, e apenas recentemente as novas universidades privadas estão ganhando influencia, a visão dos reitores, tanto na gestão pública e privada, é semelhante. Nós concluímos que o modelo de gestão pública e privada não é a característica que mais influencia a opinião, porém, histórias particulares e tradições institucionais são variáveis mas explicativas.

    Este trabajo analiza las opiniones de rectores de universidades públicas y privadas acerca del