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Sample records for fortaleza city state

  1. Neuropatia silenciosa em portadores de hanseníase na cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil Silent neuropathy in patients with leprosy in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil

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    Vyna Maria Cruz Leite

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Uma das formas da hanseníase é a neuropatia silenciosa que consiste em perda progressiva da função motora ou sensorial na ausência de dor e hipersensibilidade dos nervos. Realizou-se um estudo transversal em Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, o qual estimou a proporção de neuropatia silenciosa e fatores associados. O paciente foi interrogado sobre a presença de dor, dormência, alteração da sensibilidade, e foi realizada palpação de nervos para identificar espessamento, abscesso e dor. Amostras de linfa foram obtidas para exames parasitológicos. Foi medida a força de músculos voluntários dos membros e a sensibilidade de pontos das mãos e dos pés por meio de monofilamentos de Semmes-Weinstein. De uma amostra de 233 portadores de hanseníase, a proporção de pacientes com neuropatia silenciosa foi 5,6% (IC95%: 3,0-9,4, e a ocorrência de neuropatia silenciosa esteve significativamente associada à idade (p = 0,011 e à incapacidade (p One of the clinical forms of Hansen's disease is silent neuropathy, which consists of progressive nerve damage in the absence of pain and hypersensitivity to palpation. This study estimated the proportion of silent neuropathy and associated factors. A cross-sectional study was performed in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. Patients were asked about the presence of decreased sensation involving touch, heat, pain, and numbness. Nerves were palpated to identify thickness, abscess, and pain. Lymph samples were drawn for parasitological tests. Strength of voluntary muscles in the feet and hands was evaluated. The sensitivity of specific points on the feet and hands was measured using Semmes-Weinstein monofilament. The sample included 233 patients. The proportion of silent neuropathy was 5.6% (95%CI: 3.0-9.4, and factors significantly associated with silent neuropathy were: age (p = 0.011 and disability (p < 0.000. These results will help identify cases of silent neuropathy, targeting patients at higher risk.

  2. Condições sociodemográficas de crianças de zero a dois anos filhas de mães com HIV/Aids, Fortaleza, CE, Brasil The socio-demographic conditions of children aged 0 to 2 years born to mothers with HIV/AIDS, in the city of Fortaleza, in the Brazilian State of Ceará

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    Márcia Maria Tavares Machado

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: identificar as condições sociodemográficas das crianças de 0 a 2 anos de idade nascidas de mães HIV + / AIDS em Fortaleza, Ceará, Nordeste do Brasil. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal utilizando um questionário semiestruturado com cuidadores (63 mães e 5 avós de crianças no ambulatório de um hospital estadual, entre Dezembro de 2005 e Abril de 2006. RESULTADOS: a idade média das mães foi de 26 anos de idade. Aproximadamente 16% eram analfabetas, 57,3% eram casadas e 5,9% viúvas. Mais de dois terços (79,4% das mulheres participantes do estudo tornou-se ciente de seu status de HIV + no último parto e 51,5% relataram não receber qualquer tipo de assistência social do governo. A idade média das crianças foi de 15,6 meses e 13% não tiveram um teste de HIV. A maioria delas era proveniente de áreas rurais (60,3%, com renda familiar média mensal de R$ 446,32. Verificou-se que 57,9% das crianças viviam em uma casa com cinco ou mais pessoas, e 31% relataram ter quatro ou mais crianças morando na mesma casa. CONCLUSÕES: há necessidade de estratégias de prevenção e promoção à saúde, levando em consideração o contexto social das famílias que vivem com HIV/AIDS.OBJECTIVES: to ascertain the socio-demographic conditions of children aged between 0 and 2 years born to mothers testing positive for HIV / AIDS in the city of Fortaleza, in the Northeastern Brazilian State of Ceará. METHODS: a cross-sectional study was conducted involving the application of a semi-structured questionnaire to women caring for children (63 mothers and 5 grandmothers at a State hospital outpatient clinic, between December 2005 and April 2006. RESULTS: the mean age of the mothers was 26 years. Approximately 16% were illiterate; 57.3% were married and 5.9% widows. More than two thirds (79.4% of the women taking part in the study first became aware of their HIV status during their last delivery. 51.5% reported not having received any kind of

  3. Prevalência de asma em adolescentes na cidade de Fortaleza, CE Prevalence of asthma among adolescents in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil

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    Maria de Fátima Gomes de Luna

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de asma em adolescentes (13-14 anos na cidade de Fortaleza, CE. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal utilizando o questionário do International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood e envolvendo 3.015 adolescentes de escolas públicas e privadas entre 2006 e 2007. RESULTADOS: As prevalências de "sibilos alguma vez na vida", "sibilos nos últimos doze meses" (asma ativa e "asma alguma vez na vida" (asma diagnosticada foram, respectivamente, 44,1%, 22,6% e 11,6%. As prevalências de "sibilos alguma vez na vida" (p = 0,001, "1-3 crises de sibilos nos últimos 12 meses" (p = 0,001; asma ativa (p = 0,002; "sono interrompido por sibilos menos que uma vez por semana" (p OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of asthma among adolescents (13-14 years of age in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 3,015 adolescents at public and private schools between 2006 and 2007. The participants completed the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalences of "wheezing ever", "wheezing within the last 12 months" (active asthma and "asthma ever" (physician-diagnosed asthma were 44.1%, 22.6% and 11.6%, respectively. The prevalences of "wheezing ever" (p = 0.001, "1-3 wheezing attacks within the last 12 months" (p = 0.001, active asthma (p = 0.002, "sleep disturbed due to wheezing less than one night per week" (p < 0.001 and "dry cough at night" (p < 0.001 were higher among girls. Private school students presented higher prevalences of "wheezing ever", active asthma, "1-3 wheezing attacks within the last 12 months", "4-12 wheezing attacks within the last 12 months" and physician-diagnosed asthma (p < 0.001 for all, as well as of "exercise-induced wheezing" (p = 0.032. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of asthma and asthma-related symptoms in students aged 13-14 years in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil, was high, predominantly among girls and private

  4. [AIDS in children: the influence of socioeconomic differences in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil].

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    Lopes, Emeline Moura; Pedrosa, Nathália Lima; Holanda, Eliane Rolim de; Almeida, Rosa Lívia Freitas; Kerr, Lígia Regina Franco Sansigolo; Galvão, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz

    2015-09-01

    This study aimed to analyze the relationship between pediatric AIDS cases and neighborhood socioeconomic characteristics in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. This was an ecological and descriptive study with socioeconomic data from the 2010 Population Census and AIDS data in children for 2001-2011 from the Information System on Notifiable Diseases. Pearson's correlation was performed and the Moran index was used to verify spatial autocorrelation. A multinomial model was used to identify clusters. Of the total sample, 57.8% were male. In 18.8% of the children, the diagnosis was made after two years of age. There was a positive spatial correlation between AIDS cases in children and income (I = 0.6; p = 0.001) and the proportion of poor (I = 0.5; p = 0.001). Neighborhoods with these characteristics are mainly located in the Northwest and Southwest areas of the city. Spatial correlation between pediatric AIDS cases and socioeconomic indicators highlights the need for interventions aimed at improving health and living conditions.

  5. [Actions and possibilities of accidents prevention with children in daycare at Fortaleza, Ceará State].

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    Vieira, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza; Carneiro, Rochelle Cíntia Militão Maciel; Frota, Mirna Albuquerque; Gomes, Ana Lúcia Araújo; Ximenes, Lorena Barbosa

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the daily of infantile education teachers in day-cares in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil as well as the developed actions and the possibilities of prevention accidents' with children, in this educative space of health care. It is a descriptive study, using a qualitative approach that involved 17 day care teachers working at the 6th Regional Executive Office (Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil) in the year of 2004. A semi-structured interview was used to collect the data, which was analysed using the Collective Subject Discourse (CSD) technique. The results showed that teachers believe that this type of accident is preventable through family orientation, physical modifications of house spaces and creation and enforcement of specific laws. They recognise children's agility and curiosity, which facilitate the occurrence of accidents. In their practices, they report and suggest vigilance, physical changes at the day care centers, and education, through orientation directed to children, teachers, parents (or care givers), and the community. Therefore, health care professionals should share their 'caring' practice with professionals in the educational area, not only in order to prevent accidents and other human health afflictions, but also to expand concepts that contribute Health Promotion.

  6. Retrospective Study on Dengue in Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil

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    Cunha RV da

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available A retrospective serologic study was carried out in Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil, in order to detect the dengue virus activity before recognizing the epidemic of 1994. Mac-Elisa was performed by using a mixture of specific DEN-1 and DEN-2 antigens on serum samples from the Emilio Ribas Laboratory collection. Samples were obtained from 1,224 patients with exanthematic febrile disease and negative serological results for rubella. All specimens were taken during November 1993 to May 1994. The results confirmed dengue infections in Fortaleza by November 1993, approximately six months before the beginning of the epidemic, proving how misleading diagnosis of dengue infection are still troublesome, in spite of the strong dengue activity in Ceará. The authors stress the urgent necessity to implement the active surveillance system in order to prevent another extensive dengue fever epidemics in the state. Epidemiological background of the dengue activity in the State of Ceará is also described.

  7. Etiology of canine otitis media and antimicrobial susceptibility of coagulase-positive Staphylococci in Fortaleza city, Brazil Etiologia da otite média canina e susceptibilidade a antimicrobianos de Staphylococcus coagulase-positiva em Fortaleza, Brasil

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    Lis Christina de Oliveira

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the middle ear microbiota and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns from strains isolated from dogs with otitis media. A total of 62 dogs obtained from Zoonoses Control Center of Fortaleza City Ceará State / Brazil were studied over a 10-month period (August/2003 to June/2004. Of the total, 46.8% (n=30 of the animals were positive for otitis media and the infection was monomicrobial in 76.6% of them. The most frequent isolated agents were coagulase-positive Staphylococci (CPS-55% and Pseudomonas sp (10%. For S. intermedius (n=13 and S. aureus subsp aureus (n=9, respectively, the greater resistance rates were observed using penicillin G (30.76% and 44.44%, ampicillin (7.69% and 44.44%, erythromycin (23.07% and 44.44%, clindamycin (23.07% and 44.44% and thrimethropim/sulfamethoxazol (15.38% and 33.33%.O presente trabalho avaliou a microbiota do ouvido médio e os perfis de susceptibilidade a antimicrobianos de cepas isoladas de cães com otite média. Um total de 62 cães obtidos no Centro de Controle de Zoonoses de Fortaleza Ceará / Brasil foram estudados no período de 10 meses (agosto/2003 a junho/2004. Do total de animais, 46.8% (n=30 foram positivos para otite media e a infecção envolvida era monomicrobiana em 76,6% dos casos. Os agentes isolados com maior frequência foram Staphylococcus coagulase-positiva (CPS-55% e Pseudomonas sp (10%. Considerando-se S. intermedius (n=13 e S. aureus subsp aureus (n=9, respectivamente, as mais elevadas taxas resistência foram observadas frente a: penicilina G (30,76% e 44,44%, ampicilina (7,69% e 44,44%, eritromicina (23,07% e 44,44%, clindamicina (23,07% e 44,44% e trimetropim/sulfametoxazol (15,38% e 33,33%.

  8. Perfil epidemiológico da cárie dentária, doença periodontal, uso e necessidade de prótese em idosos residentes em uma instituição na cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará Epidemiology of tooth decay, periodontal diseases, use and need of prostheses in the elderly living in a nursing home in the city of Fortaleza, State of Ceará (Brazil

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    Luciene Ribeiro Gaião

    2005-09-01

    of that, studies on the oral health of institutionalized elderly in northeast Brazil are virtually non-existent. The objective of the present study was to analyze the dental and periodontal conditions and the use and need for prostheses in the institutionalized elderly in a northeastern Brazilian city. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 160 individuals (95.2% of the target population, 65 years old or older, living in a nursing home in the city of Fortaleza/CE - Brazil, consisting of the analysis of patient records and oral examination. Their mean age was 76.6 years. The DMFT index of the institutionalized elderly was high: 29.73. Lost teeth represented the highest proportion (28.42; 109 (68.1% elderly did not have any healthy teeth. Of the 160 elderly, 93 (58.1% were total edentates and 56 (35.0% had teeth with exposed roots. Of the exposed roots, 16% were decayed or filled. Of the 67 dentate elderly, 54 (80.6% required dental extraction. Of the total 573 teeth present, 256 (44.6% required some kind of treatment, and 194 (75.8% of them dental extraction. Of the study population, 112 (70% did not use any upper prosthesis, and 130 (81.3% did not use any lower prosthesis. The need of an upper prosthesis was detected in 135 elderly (84.4%, and 142 (88.7% elderly needed a lower prosthesis. Of 117 sextants present in 160 elderly, the majority (838% had dental calculus. These data show that most of the elderly had poor oral health. Interventional measures focused on these populations, such as health education and preventive treatment, are, therefore, necessary.

  9. Descubriendo fortalezas

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    Blasco Belled, Ana; Torrelles Nadal, Cristina; Alsinet, Carles; Jordana Berenguer, Norma; Benito Herraez, Eva

    2015-01-01

    Pòster presentat a les II Jornades de Psicologia Positiva celebrades a Barcelona els dies 20 i 21 de novembre de 2015 Contexto: Muestra de estudiantes universitarios de primer curso. Objetivo y proceso: Analizar el nivel de fortalezas de carácter y virtudes en una muestra de organización educativa

  10. Knowledge about genetically modified food: a study with supermarket clients situated in noble area of Fortaleza city - doi:10.5020/18061230.2004.p72

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    Paola Gondim Calvasina; Cíntia Maria Torres Rocha Silva; Gilka de Albuquerque Forte Aguiar; Milena Rebouças Aguiar; Helena Alves de Carvalho Sampaio

    2012-01-01

    The transgenic foods had appeared as result of the scientific and technological advances of genetic engineering applied to agriculture, configuring themselves in a current quarrel and sufficient controversy, about how much the benefits and curses brought to the consumers and the proper environment. In this intention, this study has as objective to verify the level of knowledge of customers of a supermarket of the noble area of the city of Fortaleza, on the thematic of the transgenic. Question...

  11. [Impact of violence on the health of families at Fortaleza, Ceará State].

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    Vieira, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza; Arcoverde, Márcia Liduína Vasconcelos; Araújo, Maria Alix Leite; Ferreira, Renata Carneiro; Fialho, Ana Virgínia de Melo; Pordeus, Augediva Maria Jucá

    2009-01-01

    The study describes the impact of the violence on the quality of life of the families, which were attended at the Relatives and Friends Violence Victims Association (ARFVV) in Fortaleza, Ceará State. The case study was accomplished among five mothers that were involved in a NGO on the battle against the violence. The semi-structured interview, the participation at the institution's meetings and the documental research were the data collecting techniques, being these last ones, submitted to the thematic analysis and discussed according to the literature and Letters of Health Promotion. The impacts caused by the violence comprise the physical, emotional and social family's health, cause changes on behavior between the members, and lead to the increasing of smoking, drinking, social isolation and exacerbate revolt feelings, vengeance and pessimism. The NGO's work has been important to support the families on the conflicts overcoming, health familiar restoration, redeeming the self-expectation, the hope on the justice and social mobility. The health of families' victims from violence is affected on the biological, emotional and social aspects, favoring the process of sickness. These have appealed to the support from NGOs to transform the 'victim condition' - violence hostage to the 'responsible citizenship' - guardians of peace on the battle against the urban violence.

  12. Consulta de enfermagem: análise das ações junto a programas de hipertensão arterial, em Fortaleza Consultas de enfermeria: analisis de las actividades desarrolladas en las de los programas de hipertensión arterial de Fortaleza Nursing consultation: analysis of the actions developed by a hypertension program in the city of Fortaleza

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    Isabel Cristina Filgueira Maciel

    2003-03-01

    anamnesis, examen físico sumario y orientaciones sobre dieta, medicamentos, caminatas y uso de infusiones. En las consultas predomina la atención individual, sin considerar la familia y los abordajes grupales.The nurses' performance in a hypertension and diabetes programs has been important, once its approach is not only directed to illness, but also to the patient as a whole. Therefore, the nursing consultation is a unique moment of this approach. This is a descriptive study aiming at searching the activities performed in the nursing consultations that are performed within Hypertension Programs in the city of Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil. The data were gathered from March to May 1999, with 14 nurses, who work in these services. Data were analyzed according to Bardin's content analysis as well as the categorical analysis. The results showed that the nursing consultation is still based on the traditional curative medical model. The activities performed by nurses are restricted to anamnesis, brief physical examination and diet orientations, medications, walks and use of infusions. In the consultations, individual care prevails, without considering family and group approaches.

  13. Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em adolescentes escolares do município de Fortaleza, Brasil Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescent students in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil

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    Lício de Albuquerque Campos

    2007-04-01

    adolescence, prevalence was (24.1% higher than in late adolescence (15.0% (p < 0.0001. CONCLUSIONS: overweight and obesity prevalence in adolescent students of the city of Fortaleza was determined to be high, in private schools and higher in early adolescence with no difference between genders.

  14. [Home visits as a component of the Family Health Program: user's perceptions in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil].

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    Albuquerque, Adriana Bezerra Brasil de; Bosi, Maria Lúcia Magalhães

    2009-05-01

    Home visits have become increasingly widespread in Brazil since the emergence of the Family Health Program. The present study deals with users' perceptions of these visits, focusing on comprehensiveness and humanization of care. The study was exploratory and qualitative. Twenty-one interviews were performed with users from the six administrative health districts of Fortaleza, capital of Ceará State, Brazil. Analysis of the interviews revealed the existence of three core themes: (1) health professional-user relationships, i.e. users' perceptions of completeness and humanization of care during visits; (2) characterization of visits, with emphasis on operational aspects; and (3) user-health facility interaction, focusing on integration with other service. This theme was divided into three items: health facility management, equity, and integration of care. In conclusion, the study suggests that home visiting practices can be improved by enhancing the aspects of intersubjectivity, dialogue, and negotiation between health professionals, users, and the community.

  15. ASSÉDIO MORAL NO TRABALHO: UM ESTUDO EXPLORATÓRIO NO MUNICÍPIO DE FORTALEZA – CEARÁ./ MORAL HARASSMENT AT WORK: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY IN FORTALEZA CITY

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    Samira Daiha Benevides

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Pessoas assediadas estão ousando se expressar e denunciar as práticas abusivas de que são vítimasno ambiente de trabalho, assim, o objetivo deste artigo é apresentar a incidência dos casos de assédiomoral no município de Fortaleza – Ceará, utilizando o banco de dados de queixas registradas pelas vítimasna Delegacia Regional do Trabalho, no período de janeiro de 2008 a dezembro de 2009. No referencialteórico conceitua-se o assédio moral, suas manifestações e aspectos legais, bem como as estruturas psíquicasde defesa do trabalhador. Foi feita uma pesquisa exploratória com a utilização de dados secundários,obtidos no Núcleo de Combate a Discriminação por meio do relatório mensal das denúncias de AssédioMoral, elaborado pela Comissão Regional de Igualdade de Oportunidades de Gênero, Raça e Etnia, dePessoas com Deficiência e de Combate à Discriminação. Os resultados estão demonstrados por meio degráficos que apontam o tipo de discriminação por assédio moral, por perfil profissional, sexo e idade do reclamante.Pode-se concluir que há discriminação em várias áreas, gerando, muitas vezes, comportamentosindesejáveis e condutas abusivas, degradando o clima de trabalho e reduzindo a produtividade./ The objective of this article is to present the incidence of the cases of moral harassment inFortaleza city using the data base of complaints registered for the victims in the Delegacia Regional doTrabalho in the period of January of 2008 the December of 2009. The literature review is based on themoral harassment, its legal manifestations, as well as the psychic structures of defense of the worker. Aexploratory research with the use of secondary data was made in the Nucleus of Combat was becomefullfilled the Discrimination through the monthly report of the denunciations of moral harassment elaboratedby the Regional Commission of Equality of Chances of Gender, Race and ethnic group, of Peoplewith Deficiency and Combat

  16. [Breath of life: experience with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the context of urban poverty in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil].

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    Pinto, Juliana Maria de Sousa; Vieira, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza; Nations, Marilyn K

    2008-12-01

    This is an anthropological study on the experience of living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for low-income individuals in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. From March to November 2006, we conducted case studies of six patients, using ethnographic interviews, illness narratives, and participant-observation during hospital treatment and home visits. Thematic context analysis and contextualized semantic analysis were used to link individual experience to system of significance, actions taken, and structural constraints. Based on the findings, COPD provokes subjective sensations, signs, and meanings. The diagnosis "smothers" patients, provoking hardships and limitations in their manual, sexual, domestic, family, and leisure activities. Lay strategies used to confront acute shortness of breath and low self-esteem include: avoiding direct contact with the patient's "phlegm", quitting or reducing smoking, treating symptoms with home remedies and popular body therapies, remaining calm during attacks, rejecting imposed therapies, and surrendering one's self to spiritual powers. Thus, the subjectivity of illness cannot be excluded from the measurement of the "global burden of disease" in Northeast Brazil.

  17. Knowledge about genetically modified food: a study with supermarket clients situated in noble area of Fortaleza city - doi:10.5020/18061230.2004.p72

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    Paola Gondim Calvasina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The transgenic foods had appeared as result of the scientific and technological advances of genetic engineering applied to agriculture, configuring themselves in a current quarrel and sufficient controversy, about how much the benefits and curses brought to the consumers and the proper environment. In this intention, this study has as objective to verify the level of knowledge of customers of a supermarket of the noble area of the city of Fortaleza, on the thematic of the transgenic. Questionnaires structuralized with questions on transgenic foods with consumers of a situated supermarket in noble area of the city of Fortaleza in the period of March of 2003 had been applied. Sixty consumers had participated of the study who at the moment were making purchases in the supermarket. It was presented the end of the interview, to each consumer, a list of products, removed of the guide of the transgenic food consumer and not transgenic, available on the Greenpeace. In each list, people would have to recognize or not products of its habitual consumption. It was verified that 50% of the interviewed people had higher level of school knowledge, with 63,3% answering that they knew what transgenic foods are; 53,3% always look at the label during the purchase, being that the majority (76,7% never saw, in the label, mention if the product is or not transgenic. It was evidenced, when interrogating on the possible risks to the health, that 33.3% find that they cause illnesses, however 51.7% would not be imported in consuming them. The opinion of the people regarding the release of these products is major (73,3% in agreeing that the Federal Government must wait more research. From the list of products presented to the interviewed, 60% had told that they consume enter 5 to 9 products. It was evidenced that still a lack knowledge exists on the presence of transgenic in industrialized products, as well as how much to the risks consuming it. It has necessity of

  18. THE ALIEN STREET TREES OF FORTALEZA (NE BRAZIL: QUALITATIVE OBSERVATIONS AND THE INVENTORY OF TWO DISTRICTS

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    Marcelo Freire Moro

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Public tree planting is important for cities. It produces shadow, brings well-being for humans, and supports the urban fauna. But the cultivation of exotic plants can also be responsible for dissemination of invasive species. This paper aims to evaluate public tree planting in Fortaleza, Ceará state, in northeastern Brazil. From 2005 to 2009, qualitative observations on tree composition in the city were made. In 2006, a detailed inventory of all public trees was carried out in two districts of Fortaleza. Jointly, 2075 individuals grew here. Most of the tree species planted in Fortaleza are aliens, some are even invasive. The massive use of exotic plants in Fortaleza has negative consequences for the environmental education. People do not know the regional native trees, and thus are not concerned about the local biodiversity conservation. In spite of the huge amounts of native species available for ornamental purposes in the Brazilian flora, the street trees of Fortaleza are overwhelmingly aliens.

  19. Epidemiologia da sífilis gestacional em Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil: um agravo sem controle Epidemiology of gestational syphilis in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil: an uncontrolled disease

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    Ana Luiza de Araujo Campos

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo transversal foi conhecer o perfil epidemiológico das gestantes com VDRL reagente, em Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, no ano de 2008. Foi verificado o percentual das gestantes com sífilis que foram consideradas inadequadamente tratadas e os motivos da inadequação, de acordo com as normas do Ministério da Saúde. Foram entrevistadas 58 gestantes no pós-parto imediato, internadas em cinco maternidades públicas do município, e consultadas as informações do prontuário e do cartão das gestantes. Foram avaliados dados sociodemográficos, obstétricos e variáveis relacionadas ao diagnóstico e tratamento da gestante e do parceiro. Apenas três (5,2%; IC95%: 1,8%-14,1% gestantes foram consideradas adequadamente tratadas. O principal motivo da inadequação do tratamento foi a falta ou inadequação do tratamento do parceiro (88% dos casos; IC95%: 76,2%-94,4%. Foi possível constatar a necessidade de um segundo VDRL no terceiro trimestre de gestação. Os dados evidenciaram que o atendimento recebido pela gestante não foi suficiente para garantir o controle da sífilis congênita.This cross-sectional study investigated the epidemiological profile of pregnant women with positive VDRL in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil, in 2008. The study verified the proportion of pregnant women with syphilis that was classified as treated incorrectly according to Brazilian Ministry of Health guidelines, and assessed the reasons for inadequate treatment. Fifty-eight women who had given birth at five public maternity hospitals were interviewed consecutively following delivery. Data were also recovered from medical files and pregnancy cards. Sociodemographic and obstetric data and information related to the diagnosis and treatment of syphilis in both pregnant women and their partners were analyzed. Only three (5.2%; 95%CI: 1.8%-14.1% pregnant women had received adequate treatment. The main reason for inadequate treatment was lack of partner

  20. Determinantes da mortalidade neonatal: estudo caso-controle em Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil Determinants of neonatal mortality: a case-control study in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil

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    Renata Mota do Nascimento

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho objetivou determinar os fatores preditores da mortalidade neonatal utilizando modelagem hierarquizada. Trata-se de estudo caso-controle, com 132 casos e 264 controles. Foram considerados casos os recém-nascidos que morreram antes de completar 28 dias, e os controles os sobreviventes, nascidos e filhos de mães residentes em Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. O modelo de análise de regressão logística hierarquizada identificou fatores associados ao óbito neonatal: raça materna com efeito protetor para raça parda/negra (OR = 0,23; IC95%: 0,09-0,56, tempo gasto entre o deslocamento de casa ao hospital > 30 minutos (OR = 3,12; IC95%: 1,34-7,25, tempo 10h entre a internação e o parto (OR = 2,43; IC95%: 1,24-4,76 e pré-natal inadequado (OR = 2,03; IC95%: 1,03-3,99, baixo peso ao nascer (OR = 14,75; IC95%: 5,26-41,35, prematuridade (OR = 3,41; IC95%: 1,29-8,98 e sexo masculino (OR = 2,09; IC95%: 1,09-4,03. Nessa casuística, as mortes neonatais foram associadas à qualidade da assistência pré-natal e da assistência direta ao trabalho de parto.This case-control study with 132 cases and 264 controls aimed to determine predictors of neonatal mortality using hierarchical modeling. Cases were defined as newborns that died within 28 days of birth, and controls as the survivors, among infants of mothers living in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. Hierarchical logistic regression identified factors associated with neonatal death: maternal race, with brown/black race showing a protective effect (OR = 0.23; IC95%: 0.09-0.56, time spent from home to the hospital > 30 minutes (OR = 3.12; 95%CI: 1.34-7.25, time 10 hours between hospital admission and delivery (OR = 2.43; 95%CI: 1.24-4.76, inadequate prenatal care (OR = 2.03; 95%CI: 1.03-3.99, low birth weight (OR = 14.75; 95%CI: 5.26-41.35, prematurity (OR = 3.41; 95%CI: 1.29-8.98, and male gender (OR = 2.09; 95%CI: 1.09-4.03. In this case series, neonatal deaths were associated with the quality

  1. City Improves State Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    EnjoyceZhu

    2003-01-01

    As China's new leadership drafts measures to help ailing Stateowned enterprises(SOEs),Changchun,a strategic city in the Rust Belt,is reaping benefits unseen in more than a decade of SOE reform.Home to a large number of SOEs,Changchun has had its share of bureaucracy and stagnation.The city initiated a program called,“Saving SOEs

  2. Microbial contamination of sand from major beaches in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil Contaminação microbiológica da areia de algumas praias de Fortaleza,Ceará, Brasil

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    Regine Helena Silva dos Fernandes Vieira

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The presence of faecal contamination and pathogenic microorganisms in samples of dry and wet sand collected from three major beaches in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil: (Praia do Mucuripe, Praia do Futuro and Praia do Caça e Pesca, during the period of May 1999 to January 2000 was evaluated. Praia do Caça e Pesca had the highest incidence of E. coli in dry sand (56% followed by Praia do Mucuripe (28% and Praia do Futuro (16%. In wet sand, results were 48%, 28% and 24% for Praia do Caça e Pesca, Praia do Futuro and Praia do Mucuripe, respectively. Only two samples from Praia do Futuro, one from dry sand and another one from wet sand, were positive for Salmonella. V. parahaemolyticus was isolated from four samples from Praia do Caça e Pesca (two from dry-sand samples and two from wet-sand, one from Praia do Futuro (wet sand, and three and four from Praia do Mucuripe (wet and dry sand, respectively. Yeasts belonged to the Candida genus. Dry-sand samples presented higher yeast contaminations level than wet-sand ones. Praia do Futuro had the highest level of yeast contamination (41%, followed by Praia do Caça e Pesca (33% and Praia do Mucuripe (26%.No presente trabalho, avaliou-se a presença de contaminação fecal e de microrganismos patogênicos em areia seca e areia úmida de três praias de Fortaleza, Ceará: Praia do Mucuripe, Praia do Futuro e Praia do Caça e Pesca. A praia que apresentou maior índice de contaminação com E.coli em areia seca foi a do Caça e Pesca (56%, seguido das praias do Mucuripe (28% e Futuro (16%. Em areia úmida a ordem decrescente de contaminação por E. coli foi Praia da Caça e Pesca, Futuro e Mucuripe com 48%, 28% e 24% de contaminação, respectivamente. Salmonella foi isolada de duas amostras da Praia do Futuro, uma de areia seca e outra de areia úmida. V. parahaemolyticus foi isolado em 2 amostras de areia seca e 2 de úmida da Praia da Caça e Pesca. Esse patógeno foi isolado de uma amostra de areia

  3. Impacto da violência na saúde de famílias em Fortaleza, Ceará Impact of violence on the health of families at Fortaleza, Ceará State

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    Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo descreve o impacto da violência na qualidade de vida de famílias atendidas na Associação de Parentes e Amigos Vítimas da Violência (APAVV, em Fortaleza, Ceará. Estudo de caso realizado com cinco mães que participavam de uma ONG no combate à violência. A entrevista semi-estruturada, participação nas reuniões da instituição e pesquisa documental foram as técnicas de coleta de dados, sendo esses últimos submetidos à análise temática e discutidos à luz da literatura e das cartas de promoção da saúde. Os impactos causados pela violência comprometem a saúde física e emocional das famílias, originam mudanças de comportamento entre os membros, contribuem para o aumento do tabagismo, do etilismo, do isolamento social e exacerbam sentimentos de revolta, vingança e pessimismo. O trabalho da ONG tem sido importante para apoiar as famílias na superação dos conflitos e na restauração da saúde, resgatando a auto-estima, a esperança na justiça e na mobilidade social. A saúde dessas famílias fica comprometida nos aspectos biológicos, emocionais e sociais, favorecendo o adoecimento. Essas têm recorrido ao suporte de ONGs para transformarem a "condição de vítima" - refém da violência - em "cidadania responsável" na luta contra esse fenômeno.The study describes the impact of the violence on the quality of life of the families, which were attended at the Relatives and Friends Violence Victims Association (ARFVV in Fortaleza, Ceará State. The case study was accomplished among five mothers that were involved in a NGO on the battle against the violence. The semi-structured interview, the participation at the institution's meetings and the documental research were the data collecting techniques, being these last ones, submitted to the thematic analysis and discussed according to the literature and Letters of Health Promotion. The impacts caused by the violence comprise the physical, emotional and social family

  4. Fortalezas y bienestar

    OpenAIRE

    Blasco Belled, Ana; Torrelles Nadal, Cristina; Alsinet, Carles; Jordana Berenguer, Norma

    2016-01-01

    Pòster presentat al III Congrés Nacional de Psicologia Positiva celebrat a Baeza (Jaén) els dies 21, 22 i 23 d’abril de 2016 OBJETIVO : Analizar la relación entre las fortalezas de carácter y el índice de bienestar en una muestra de 419 estudiantes universitarios

  5. Nível socioeconômico e sua influência sobre a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em escolares adolescentes do município de Fortaleza Socioeconomic status and its influence on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescent school children in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil

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    Lício de Albuquerque Campos

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Analisar a relação entre o nível socioeconômico e a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em adolescentes escolares do ensino público e privado do Município de Fortaleza. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se um estudo de corte transversal com 1.158 adolescentes, sendo 587 das escolas privadas e 571 das escolas públicas. Foram avaliados o índice de massa corporal e o nível socioeconômico das famílias pelo Critérios de Classificação Econômica do Brasil. RESULTADOS: Foi encontrada maior prevalência de sobrepeso/obesidade nas classes de maior nível socioeconômico (24,8% em relação às de menor nível (17,4%. Os rapazes de maior nível socioeconômico tiveram maiores taxas de prevalência de sobrepeso/obesidade do que os de menor nível, fato que não foi observado entre as adolescentes. Constatou-se que, na fase de 10 a 14 anos, o excesso de peso era mais freqüente nas classes mais altas, não acontecendo essa diferença entre 15 a 19 anos. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que a prevalência de sobrepeso/obesidade em adolescentes do Município de Fortaleza é maior nos estratos sociais mais elevados, tendo os adolescentes masculinos apresentado uma relação diretamente proporcional entre o nível socioeconômico e o excesso de peso, o que não foi constatado no sexo feminino.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between socioeconomic status and prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents in public and private schools in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with 1 ,158 adolescents, 587 from private schools and 571 from public schools. The body mass index and the socioeconomic status of the family using the Economic Classification Criteria of Brazil were determined. RESULTS: Overweight and obesity were found to be more prevalent among wealthier families (24.8% than among poorer families (17.4%. Males of wealthier families were more likely to be overweight and obese than

  6. Prevalência da infecção pelo HIV em pacientes com tuberculose na atenção básica em Fortaleza, Ceará Prevalence of HIV infection in tuberculosis patients treated at primary health care clinics in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil

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    Helder Oliveira e Silva

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a prevalência da infecção pelo HIV em indivíduos com > 15 anos de idade e diagnóstico confirmado de tuberculose, acompanhados em Centros de Saúde da Família de Fortaleza (CE. Uma amostra aleatória de 110 pacientes com diagnóstico de tuberculose de 26 Centros de Saúde da Família foi incluída no estudo, realizado entre os meses de janeiro e maio de 2009. Todos os participantes responderam a um questionário com dados sociodemográficos e clínicos e realizaram sorologia para o HIV. Nesta amostra, a prevalência de coinfecção tuberculose/HIV foi de 3,6% (IC95%: 0,2-7,0.The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV infection among individuals > 15 years of age with a confirmed diagnosis of tuberculosis and treated at family health care clinics in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil. We evaluated a random sample of 110 patients with tuberculosis, treated at a total of 26 family health care clinics between January and May of 2009. All of the participants completed a questionnaire regarding sociodemographic and clinical data, and all underwent HIV testing. In this sample, the prevalence of tuberculosis/HIV co-infection was 3.6% (95% CI: 0.2-7.0.

  7. [The strengthening of subjects in health management: advances and challenges in the experience of Fortaleza, state of Ceará].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araújo, Carmem Emmanuely Leitão; Pontes, Ricardo José Soares

    2012-09-01

    This research deals with the potential and limitations of the strengthening of subjects in health management, based on the experience in Fortaleza in the period from 2005 to 2008. The subject is approached from a historical-cultural standpoint, which considers the dialectical interaction between the individual and the collective in deepening human consciousness on the self and the world. Focus groups were conducted with managers linked to Primary Healthcare and secondary data were utilized. An attempt was made to understand the meaning of the narratives constructed using a hermeneutic dialectic approach. Empirical categories were identified and analyzed as well as co-intentionality of change, political and conceptual drives, human management, reduction of hierarchy, fragmentation of work processes and concentration of decision-making power. Reflections arose on three main strategic policies: co-management, humanization, and continuous health education. It was concluded that, despite the persistence of obstacles, in order to improve the quality of healthcare services it is essential to establish a democratic management system through organizational arrangements and participatory methods that enhance integration and commitment of the Unified Health System players (SUS).

  8. Sopro de vida: experiência com a doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica na pobreza urbana de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil Breath of life: experience with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the context of urban poverty in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil

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    Juliana Maria de Sousa Pinto

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de estudo antropológico de pessoas com a doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica vivenciada na pobreza urbana de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. De março a novembro de 2006, conduzimos com seis pacientes o estudo de casos, a entrevista etnográfica, a narrativa da enfermidade, e a observação participante no atendimento hospitalar e visitas domiciliares. Utilizamos a análise de conteúdo temática e a interpretação semântica contextualizada para interligar a experiência individual aos sistemas de significação, ações tomadas e condicionantes estruturais. Conclui-se que a doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica provoca sensações, sinais e significados subjetivos. O diagnóstico torna a vida "um sufoco", surgindo limitações e privações de atividades laborais, sexuais, domésticas, familiares e de lazer. Evitar o contato direto com "o catarro" do doente, deixar de fumar ou diminuir a freqüência e evitar fumaça, tratar os sintomas com remédios caseiros e terapias corporais populares, manter a calma durante as crises, rejeitar restrições categóricas e impostas e entregar-se às forças espirituais são estratégias leigas para enfrentar o cansaço, a crise e a baixa auto-estima. A subjetividade da enfermidade, portanto, jamais pode ser excluída na medição da "carga global da doença" no nordeste brasileiro.This is an anthropological study on the experience of living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD for low-income individuals in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. From March to November 2006, we conducted case studies of six patients, using ethnographic interviews, illness narratives, and participant-observation during hospital treatment and home visits. Thematic context analysis and contextualized semantic analysis were used to link individual experience to system of significance, actions taken, and structural constraints. Based on the findings, COPD provokes subjective sensations, signs, and meanings

  9. Gravidez em adolescentes de uma unidade municipal de saúde em Fortaleza - Ceará Embarazo en adolescentes de una unidad municipal de salud en Fortaleza - Ceára (Brasil Pregnancy in adolescents of a city health unit in Fortaleza - Ceára (Brazil

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    Conceição de Maria Arcanjo

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudo quantitativo com objetivo de conhecer a gravidez na adolescência em unidade municipal de saúde, Fortaleza-CE. A amostra foi composta por 40 adolescentes. Como resultado, encontramos: 20% estavam entre 14 e 15 anos, 7,5% eram solteiras, 5%, casadas, 7,5% tinham união consensual; 60% tinham entre 16 e 17 anos, 5% eram solteiras, 7,5%, casadas, 47,5% tinham união consensual; 20% tinham entre 18 e 19 anos, 12,5% eram solteiras, 7,5%, casadas. E, ainda: 17,5% tiveram experiência do aborto, 50% deixaram de estudar por causa da gravidez, 25% não gostam de estudar, 20% não acham importante, 57,5% iniciaram pré-natal com três a quatro meses de gestação, 80% dos pais assumem a paternidade, 70% delas continuavam morando com a família, 70% receberam orientações sobre gravidez, 60% não utilizavam método contraceptivo, 37,5% desejam ser dona de casa, 27,5% não têm planos para o futuro. Concluímos que as adolescentes engravidam em faixa etária precoce, não percebem os riscos inerentes à gravidez e deixam de lado o estudo, lazer, vaidade ou mesmo perspectivas para o futuro. A nosso ver, o estudo pode contribuir para o redimensionamento do trabalho com adolescentes na unidade local do estudo.Estudio cuantitativo con el objetivo de conocer el embarazo en la adolescencia de una unidad municipal de salud, Fortaleza CE (Brasil. La muestra fue compuesta por 40 adolescentes. Como resultado encontramos: 20% estaban entre 14-15 años, 7,5% solteras, 5% casadas, 7,5% unión consensual; 60% entre 16 y 17años, 5% solteras, 7,5% casadas, 47,5% unión consensual; 20% entre 18-19 años, 12,5% solteras, 7,5% casadas. Y todavía 17,5% tuvieran experiencia del aborto, 50% dejaron de estudiar debido el embarazo, 25% no les gusta estudiar, 20% no encuentra importante, 57,5% empezaron prenatal con tres a cuatro meses de la gestación, 80% de los padres asumen la paternidad, 70% continúan viviendo con la familia, 70% recibieran las orientaciones en el

  10. Investigation of Salmonella spp. in backyard chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus and eggs sold in free markets in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará

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    Valdez Juval Rocha Gomes Filho

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Poultry meat and byproducts are the main protein source for man. However, such foods are related to outbreaks of food-borne infections around the world, caused mainly by Salmonella spp. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the presence of Salmonella spp. in material collected in properties of backyard chickens (eggs, ration, cloacal swab and drag swab and to perform a survey of members of the Enterobacteriaceae family in eggs commercialized in the main free markets of Fortaleza. Individual cloacal swabs were collected from 405 backyard chickens from 18 houses and 10 eggs were also collected for analysis of eggshell and internal content from each sampled household, totaling 180 eggs. From the free markets, 90 eggs were collected. Once sampled, the ration, cloacal swab, drag swab, shell and internal contents of eggs were incubated in Peptone Water and aliquots were placed in Rappaport- Vassiliadis broth and Selenite-Cystine broth added Novobiocin. Following, aliquots of each broth were streaked in plates Brilliant Green agar and MacConkey agar. Suspect colonies for Salmonella spp. were submitted to biochemical identification, with the temperature and incubation time standardized in 37ºC/24h, respectively. Eggs collected from houses were broken in sterile beaker and maintained in bacteriological incubator at 37ºc/24h. After such period, aliquots collected were incubated in Rappaport- Vassiliadis broth and Selenite-Cystine broth added Novobiocin, following the same bacteriological procedure mentioned previously for swabs. Eggs from free markets were analyzed with the same methodology as the house eggs, minus the antibiotic Novobiocin in the Selenite-Cystin broth, and with further biochemical tests used to identify the different members of the Enterobacteriaceae family. No Salmonella spp. were isolated from swab or egg samples. However, Escherichia coli, Citrobacter spp., Enterobacter spp., Proteus spp., Providencia spp., Klebsiella

  11. Floating Cities, Islands and States

    CERN Document Server

    Bolonkin, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    Many small countries are in need of additional territory. They build landfills and expensive artificial islands. The ocean covers 71 per cent of the Earth surface. Those countries (or persons of wealth) starting the early colonization of the ocean may obtain advantages through additional territory or creating their own independent state. An old idea is building a big ship. The best solution to this problem, however, is the provision of floating cities, islands, and states. The author idea is to use for floating cities, islands, and states a cheap floating platform created from a natural ice field taken from the Arctic or Antarctic oceans. These cheap platforms protected by air-film (bottom and sides) and a conventional insulating cover (top) and having a cooling system can exist for an unlimited time. They can be increased in number or size at any time, float in warm oceans, travel to different continents and countries, serve as artificial airports, harbors and other marine improvements, as well as floating c...

  12. As cidades da juventude em Fortaleza

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    Francisco José Gomes Damasceno

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available A cidade de Fortaleza é apresentada a partir da experiência juvenil, de suas organizações, de seus deslocamentos e de suas formas específicas de apropriação da cidade.Desta observação delineio a idéia de Experiência Musical e de Deslocamentos Geo-Estéticos na cidade. As organizações e experiências juvenis são tomadas como reveladoras de outros possíveis e suas movimentações como manifestação do "novo" urbano contemporâneo.The city of Fortaleza is presented through the juvenile experience of its organizations, its displacements and its specific city appropriation ways. It is from this observation that I take the idea of Musical Experience and the Geo-esthetic Displacements of the city. The organizations and juvenile experiences are considered to be revealing of other possibilities and their movements, as a manifestation of the "new" contemporary urbanity.

  13. Formação do enfermeiro para detecção precoce de desvios psicomotores em lactentes - Fortaleza, estado do Ceará, Brasil - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v25i2.2230 Nurse formation for precocious detection of psychomotor deviations in suckling - Fortaleza, state of Ceará, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v25i2.2230

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    Maria Teresa Moreno Valdés

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se identificar a formação dos enfermeiros para detecção precoce dos desvios psicomotores em lactentes, os fatores que interferem na atuação profissional e elaborar um roteiro para subsidiá-lo. Trata-se de estudo exploratório-descritivo realizado em cinco Unidades do Programa de Saúde da Família (Fortaleza - CE. Foram entrevistados 17 enfermeiros que realizam consulta em puericultura. A coleta dos dados ocorreu de julho a outubro de 2001, por meio de observação e entrevista semi - estruturada. Os dados foram analisados, discutidos e apresentados por meio de Tabelas. Onze enfermeiros consideram-se despreparados para a detecção precoce de tais desvios. Os obstáculos apontados foram: falta de treinamento, tempo reduzido para aperfeiçoamento e carga horária excessiva de trabalho. Os enfermeiros sugerem aperfeiçoamento profissional, associado à melhoria das condições de trabalho e aquisição de material didático e audiovisual para implementação de programas preventivos. Conclui-se ser necessária a implementação de um plano com ações que capacitem o enfermeiro para a detecção precoce desses desvios.This paper aimed to identify nurses formation for precocious detection of psychomotor deviations in suckling, the factors that interfere in their performance and to make a proposal of a schedule to subsidize them. Exploratory-descriptive study was carried out in five Units of Family Health Program, in the city of Fortaleza, state of Ceará, Brazil. Seventeen nurses who had accomplished consultation in puericulture were interviewed. Data were collected from July to October 2001, through observation and semi-structured interview. The data were analyzed, debated, and presented through tables. Eleven nurses considered themselves unprepared for precocious identification of such deviations. The obstacles pointed were: insufficient training, reduced time to improvement and excessive work routine. The nurses suggest the

  14. Ações e possibilidades de prevenção de acidentes com crianças em creches de Fortaleza, Ceará Actions and possibilities of accidents prevention with children in daycare at Fortaleza, Ceará State

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    Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo descreve o cotidiano de professoras da educação infantil, em creches de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, bem como as ações desenvolvidas e as possibilidades de prevenção de acidentes com crianças, nesse espaço educativo e de cuidado à saúde. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa, realizado com 17 professoras de Educação Infantil, que trabalhavam em creches da Secretaria Executiva Regional VI, em Fortaleza, Ceará, em 2004. A entrevista semi-estruturada conduziu à coleta de dados e esses foram analisados à luz do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo (DSC. Os resultados evidenciaram que as professoras concebem esse tipo de acidente como passível de prevenção mediante a orientação à família, alterações físicas no espaço domiciliar e elaboração e cumprimento de leis específicas. Reconhecem que a agilidade e curiosidade da criança favorecem a ocorrência dos acidentes. Em suas práticas, relatam e propõem vigilância, mudanças na estrutura física das creches e educação por meio de orientações às crianças, professores, pais ou responsáveis, estendendo-se à comunidade. Portanto, é preciso que os profissionais de saúde compartilhem sua prática de cuidado com os profissionais do setor da educação, não só prevenindo acidentes e outros agravos à saúde humana, mas, sobretudo, ampliando conceitos que contribuam com a Promoção da Saúde.This paper describes the daily of infantile education teachers in day-cares in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil as well as the developed actions and the possibilities of prevention accidents' with children, in this educative space of health care. It is a descriptive study, using a qualitative approach that involved 17 day care teachers working at the 6th Regional Executive Office (Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil in the year of 2004. A semi-structured interview was used to collect the data, which was analysed using the Collective Subject Discourse (CSD

  15. A erosividade das chuvas em Fortaleza (CE: II - correlação com o coeficiente de chuva e atualização do fator R no período de 1962 a 2000 Rainfall erosivity in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil: II - correlation with the rainfall coefficient and updating of factor R for the years 1962 to 2000

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    J. R. C. Silva

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available A correlação entre o índice de erosividade EI30 e o coeficiente de chuva (Rc no período de 1962 a 1981, em Fortaleza (CE, foi avaliada com o objetivo não só de analisar a viabilidade de utilização do Rc na atualização dos valores da erosividade no período de 1982 a 2000 nesse município, mas também de identificar uma equação que pudesse ser empregada para estimar a erosividade em outras localidades da zona litorânea do estado do Ceará onde não existem diagramas de pluviógrafos. Um alto coeficiente de correlação (r = 0,99** foi encontrado entre os valores mensais do índice EI30 e o Rc. O melhor ajuste na regressão entre essas variáveis foi encontrado na equação EI30 = 73,989Rc0,7387. O emprego dessa equação permitiu atualizar o fator R em Fortaleza no período de 1962 a 2000, estendendo, dessa forma, a computação de dados de erosividade para uma série contínua de 39 anos. O fator R atualizado para essa série foi de 6.900 MJ mm (ha h ano-1 , com 69,5 % desse valor anual distribuído nos meses de janeiro a abril. Este trabalho também forneceu informações úteis para planejar o controle da erosão e para estimar, com precisão razoável, a erosividade em outros locais do litoral cearense, desprovidos de diagramas de pluviógrafos.The correlation between the erosivity index EI30 and the rainfall coefficient (Rc for the period of 1962 to 1981, in Fortaleza (CE, was evaluated to analyze the feasibility of the Rc use to update erosivity values from 1982 to 2000 in this county. An equation that could be used to estimate erosivity in other locations of the coastal region of Ceará State, where there are no rain gauge charts available, was a second aim. A high correlation coefficient (r = 0,99** was found between the monthly EI30 index and the Rc values. The best fit in the regression between these variables was found in the equation EI30 = 73,989Rc0,7387. The use of this equation allowed to update the R factor in

  16. Airborne fungi causing respiratory allergy in patients from Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil Fungos anemófilos causando alergia respiratória em pacientes na cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará

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    Everardo Albuquerque Menezes

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available The dispersal of airborne fungi is made through atmospherical air. Knowledge of anemophilous fungi in a given city is important for the ecological diagnosis and specific treatment of allergic manifestations induced by inhaled allergens. Their use in individuals' allergy is widespread, and probably will remain so in the years to come. The purpose of this research was to make a relationship between the airborne fungi and the patients' respiratory allergy (asthma and rhinitis from the city of Fortaleza, state of Ceará, Brazil. First a research was made in Fortaleza about the fungal allergens dispersed in atmospherical air. Fungal allergen extracts were made from the ten most predominant moulds in the air, using sodium bicarbonate. The prick tests were made in fifty patients with asthma and rhinitis and in ten healthy persons (with no respiratory allergy. The positive test was made using histamine and the negative test with sodium bicarbonate preparation. The predominant fungi in the air of Fortaleza were: Aspergillus, Penicillium, Curvularia, Cladosporium, Mycelia sterilia, Fusarium, Rhizopus, Drechslera, Absidia and Alternaria. As determined by the prick test: three fungal extracts (Aspergillus, Alternaria and Drechslera were positive in all patients; two (Penicillium and Curvularia were positive in thirty-five patients; two (Cladosporium and Mycelia sterilia were positive in thirty patients; and three (Rhizopus, Absidia and Fusarium were positive in nine patients. All the control tests were negative. All the ten most predominant anemophilous fungi isolated in the air could provoke skin test reactivity in individuals with respiratory allergy in Fortaleza.Os fungos anemófilos estão dispersos no ar atmosférico. O conhecimento dos fungos anemófilos em uma cidade é importante para o diagnóstico ecológico e o tratamento específico de manifestações alérgicas induzidas pela inalação de alérgenos. Os fungos alergênicos são usados para o

  17. Análise dos haplótipos da anemia falciforme em Fortaleza revela as origens étnicas da população cearense Analysis of sickle cell anemia haplotypes in Fortaleza reveals the ethnic origins of Ceará state population

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    Lilianne Brito da Silva

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Os haplótipos ligados ao gene da βS-globina foram analisados em uma amostra de 68 cromossomos de pacientes de Fortaleza, capital do Ceará, com anemia falciforme (AF, com a finalidade de fornecer informações sobre a distribuição das frequências dos haplótipos, contribuindo para o estudo das origens da formação étnica da população cearense. A distribuição dos haplótipos do gene da βS-globina foi 66,2% do tipo Bantu, 22% do Benin e 11,8% do atípico. Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o presente estudo e os resultados de outros pesquisadores no Ceará. A distribuição das frequências dos haplótipos do gene da βS-globina no presente estudo está condizente com a história da formação da população brasileira. Conforme dados históricos sobre as origens da população negra trazida ao Ceará, o haplótipo Bantu seria o mais prevalente, seguido pelo Benin e Senegal. Estes resultados são relevantes para o estudo das rotas de tráfico dos escravos no Brasil e para entendermos as origens étnicas da população brasileira.In a sample of 68 chromosomes from sickle cell anemia patients from the population of Fortaleza, capital of Ceará State - Brazil, the haplotypes connected with βS-globin gene were analyzed with the aim to provide further information on haplotype frequency distribution, which ultimately contributed to the investigation into the ethnic origins of the state's population. The haplotype distribution of βS-globin gene was 66.2% Bantu type, 22% Benin type and 11.8% atypical. There was a significant statistical difference between the results of the present study and those achieved by other researchers in Ceará. The distribution of haplotype frequencies of βS-globin gene in the present study is consistent with the history of the Brazilian population origins. According to historical data on the origins of the slave population brought to Ceará State, Bantu haplotype would be the most prevalent

  18. Perfil dos níveis pressóricos e glicêmicos de funcionários de instituições públicas hospitalares de Fortaleza-Ceará: profile of the public hospitals' staff in the city of Fortaleza-CE Perfil de los niveles de glucosa e de tensión arterial de trabajadores de hospitales públicos de Fortaleza-CE Glucose and blood pressure level

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    Marta Maria Coelho Damasceno

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se identificar o perfil dos níveis pressóricos e glicêmicos de funcionários de dois hospitais públicos de Fortaleza-CE. Aferiram-se os valores em 506 sujeitos utilizando glicosímetro e esfigmomanômetro aneróide, de setembro de 2003 a abril de 2004. As idades variaram entre 18 e 71 anos; 79,6% eram mulheres; 49,3% pré-hipertensos; 19,5% hipertensos; 7,9% com glicemia > 140 mg/dl; 38,5% com alto risco para DM2. A PA foi mais elevada nos homens (pEl objetivo fué identificar el perfil de los niveles de glucosa y de tensión arterial de trabajadores de dos hospitales públicos de Fortaleza-CE. Se tomarón los valores en 506 personas con el Sistema de Medición de Glucosa en sangre y esfigmomanómetro aneroide, de septiembre de 2003 a abril de 2004. Las edades cambiaron entre 18 a 71 años; 79,6% mujeres; 49,3% tenian prehipertensión arterial; 19,5% hipertensión arterial; 7,9% con glucosa mas de 140 mg/dl; 38,5% con alto riesgo para DM2. La tensión arterial fue más elevada en hombres (pIt was objectified to identify the profile of the glucose and blood pressure in two public hospitals' staff in Fortaleza - CE . From September 2003 to April 2004, were checked 506 individuals with Blood Glucose Monitoring System and aneroid sphygmomanometer. The results showed that the individuals were between 18 and 71 years old; 79,6% were women; 49,3 were classified as prehypertensive; 19.5% as hypertensive; 7.9% had glucose level above 140mg/dl and 38.5% had high chances of developing DM2. High blood pressure was higher in men (p<0.001; the illiterates/literates ( p=0.031 and the married and widowed (p=0.029. This high blood pressure was associated with age (p<0.001; As to the glucose levels, a statistically meaningful association with age and high glucose (p=0.006 was verified. It follows that the studied population, especially the elderly and low educated, need educational actions which help to change their life habits and prevent illnesses

  19. Gestão do desempenho humano: um estudo de caso em um Hospital Geral de Fortaleza (CE Administration of the human acting: a case study in a General Hospital of Fortaleza, Ceará State

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    Maria de Fátima Marrocos Fontenele

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available A temática deste trabalho apresenta questões sobre a prática da avaliação de desempenho funcional em uma organização pública de saúde. Este eixo de análise ganha destaque a partir das dificuldades de desenvolvimento de sistemas de avaliação com alianças entre políticas de concessão de incentivos financeiros, em um contexto cultural peculiar. Nesse sentido, é necessário admitir os limites dessa ferramenta gerencial. A partir de uma pesquisa qualitativa, utilizou-se um roteiro semiestruturado de perguntas aplicado aos servidores de um hospital geral público do Estado do Ceará. Obteve-se a caracterização do sistema de avaliação de desempenho utilizado pela instituição, podendo-se verificar sua adequação aos modelos propostos na literatura e a pertinência de seus propósitos com as percepções e expectativas dos servidores pesquisados.The thematic of this work presents questions on the practice of the Evaluation of functional performance in an organization of public health. This axle of analysis gains importance from the difficulties of developing evaluation systems with alliances between policies of concession of financial incentives, in a specific cultural context. In this direction, it is necessary to admit the limits of this management tool. From a qualitative research, a semi-structured questionnaire was applied to the staff (public servers of a public general hospital of Ceará State. It was observed the characterization of the performance evaluation system used in the institution, being able to verify its adequacy to the models proposed in the literature and the relevancy of its intentions with the perceptions and expectations of the searched servers.

  20. Correlation between Escherichia coli and limnological variables in water samples of the Lagoa da Maraponga, Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil = Correlação entre Escherichia coli e variáveis limnológicas em amostras de água da Lagoa da Maraponga, Fortaleza, Estado do Ceará, Brasil

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    Vitor Matheus Galdino Pereira

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The present work examined possible relationship between the Escherichia coli counts and the concentrations of free CO2, dissolved oxygen, reactive phosphorus, total ammonia, nitrite, pH, transparency and electric conductivity in water samples from the Lagoa da Maraponga (Fortaleza, Ceara State. Eight samplings were carried out every fifteen days to take samples under the waterfs surface at three sampling stations. Regression analyses were performed with the variable with the greatest Pearson coefficients searching for the best fitted curve to observed data. The correlation between the water pH and E. coli was best represented by the equation . = 7.63 . 2.92 * 10-4 x (r2 = 0.53; P = 0.06 where x is the E. coli count (MPN 100 mL-1 and y is the water pH. We concluded that the inflow of sewage and other affluent rich in organic matter decreases the lake's alkalinity and make it susceptible to the acidification process.O presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar o possivel relacionamento existente entre as contagens de Escherichia coli e as concentracoes de CO2 livre, oxigenio dissolvido, fosforo reativo,amonia total, nitrito, pH, transparencia e condutividade eletrica, em amostras de agua da lagoa da Maraponga (Fortaleza, Estado do Ceara. Foram realizadas oito campanhas, com periodicidade quinzenal, nas quais foram coletadas amostras de agua subsuperficial, em tres pontos de amostragem. Para a variavel que apresentou o maior coeficiente de correlacao linear em modulo, realizou-se a analise de regressao dos dados. Analisando-se matematicamente a relacao entre a concentracao de E. coli (NMP 100 mL-1, como variavel independente, e a concentracao o pH da agua da lagoa da Maraponga, como variaveldependente, chegou-se a equacao . = 7,63 . 2,92 * 10-4 x (r2 = 0,53; P = 0,06. Concluiuse que a entrada de esgotos e/ou afluentes ricos em materia organica na lagoa reduz a sua alcalinidade e a torna vulneravel ao processo de acidificacao.

  1. Nation States, Cities, and People

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    Marco Caselli

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In the first decade of the 21st century, attempts to measure globalization have multiplied, and they have led to the devising of diverse instruments, most notably the A. T. Kearney/Foreign Policy Globalization Index, the CSGR Globalisation Index, the KOF Index of Globalization, and the Maastricht Globalisation Index. Besides important similarities as regards structure, the dimensions considered, and the indicators used, the main feature shared by these instruments is the fact that they all use the same unit of analysis: the nation-state. This is a somewhat paradoxical situation, if one considers that one of the most distinctive characteristics of globalization is precisely that its dynamics extend beyond the state and the country. Gives this premise, the aim of the article is, on the one hand, to justify in any case the use of instruments that seek to measure globalization on the basis of states, and, on the other, to propose alternative approaches to such measurement. The article’s underlying assumption is that different approaches to the measurement of globalization are not mutually exclusive. Rather, such a plurality of perspectives is opportune and desirable given the complexity and multidimensionality of the concept of globalization.

  2. Freqüência e atividade enzimática de Candida albicans isoladas da mucosa bucal de crianças de uma creche da prefeitura de Fortaleza Frequency and enzymatic activity of Candida albicans isolated from the buccal mucosa of children of a day-care center of the city hall of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil

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    Everardo Albuquerque Menezes

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available As candidíases bucais (também chamadas sapinhos que ocorrem em crianças são causadas por uma deficiência imunológica, bem como por outros fatores tais como má higiene bucal e esterilização inadequada dos utensílios utilizados pelas mesmas, que potencializam a ocorrência dessa infecção fúngica. Considerando esse fato, foram avaliadas a freqüência e a atividade enzimática de Candida sp. isoladas em crianças de uma creche pública (Aprisco na cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará. Foram coletadas amostras da mucosa bucal de 364 alunos de 1 a 5 anos de idade. Elas foram semeadas em ágar Sabouraud dextrose com cloranfenicol, incubadas por 72 horas a 37ºC e identificadas por testes micológicos. Verificou-se que 67 (18% apresentaram leveduras do gênero Candida. A Candida albicans foi a mais freqüente, com 30 isolados (45%, seguida pelas C. tropicalis (31%, C. guilliermondii (17%, C. glabrata (4,5% e C. stellatoidea (1,5%. Com relação às atividades enzimáticas das cepas de Candida albicans, 20% produziram a enzima proteinase e 33%, a fosfolipase. As Candida albicans isoladas da mucosa bucal de crianças dessa creche da prefeitura apresentaram uma fraca atividade enzimática. Assim, conclui-se que essas cepas parecem ter uma baixa virulência.Immunedefficiency is one of the main causes of buccal candidiasis, also called thrush, in children. Other factors like inadequate mouth hygiene and inappropriate sterilization utensils potentialize this fungal infection. Considering these facts, Candida sp. frequency and enzymatic activity were evaluated in 364 stocks from mouth mucous of one to five year-old children from a public day care center in Fortaleza, Ceará (Brazil. The samples were cultured in dextrose Sabouraud with chloranfenicol agar and incubated for 72 hours at 37°C. They were identified by mycological tests. It was verified that 67 samples (18% presented Candida sp. and the most frequent genus was Candida albicans (30

  3. [Hypertension communicated and hypertension understood: nursing know-how and practices in a Family Health Program in Fortaleza, State of Ceará].

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    Borges, José Wicto Pereira; Pinheiro, Nádia Marques Gadelha; de Souza, Ana Célia Caetano

    2012-01-01

    The scope of the study was to examine the communication practices of nurses in consultation of arterial hypertension in the Family Health Program in Fortaleza, Ceará, revealing the elements that cause asymmetry of power between nurses and the hypertensive individuals verbal expression. The theoretical references are Critical Discourse Analysis and Pragmatics. This is an exploratory descriptive and qualitative study, in which participant observation was conducted in a Basic Family Health Unit. The following discourses arose: the nurse as conductor of the interaction with verbal and nonverbal discursive commands; the hypertensive subject as subjugated by the nurse; the nurse as an articulated instrument that communicates a body of social practice; the body of the hypertensive person as a tool that supports an imaginary power load; the interaction between nurse and the hypertensive person in a one-sided situation, obliging the hypertensive individual to obey orders. The relationship between the nurse and the hypertensive person develops asymmetrically, built on symbolic materials of social practices under the legitimacy of the paradigm of current Nursing Consultation in our society.

  4. Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

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    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities in the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. These cities were collected from the 1970 National Atlas of the United...

  5. Oficinas da cidade em Fortaleza

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    Cordeiro Andréa Carla de Filgueiras

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata do relato de uma experiência de intervenção focal com crianças na cidade de Fortaleza, na qual se procurou, através de discussões em grupo, possibilitar a construção e a re-construção das experiências destes sujeitos na cidade. Partiu-se da premissa que viver hoje na cidade contemporânea requer do sujeito orientação crítica para que ele se situe frente às demandas do viver coletivo. Três momentos de discussão foram focalizados: a reflexão sobre a experiência vivida na cidade; a imaginação sobre as possibilidades deste viver; e a discussão sobre o vivido e o desejado, visando a uma re-construção possível da cidade. As crianças mostraram capacidade de analisar criticamente sua experiência na cidade, apontando os aspectos que, do seu ponto de vista, tornam o viver na cidade particularmente difícil para elas. Mostraram, também, capacidade de indicar caminhos coletivos que suavizariam a tarefa de viver na cidade grande, principalmente quando não se é adulto, e sim criança.

  6. [Medical theories and urban management: Fortaleza's 1877-79 drought].

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    Costa, Maria Clélia Lustosa

    2004-01-01

    Down through the nineteenth century, new medical theories on the origin of disease influenced the norms and regulations that controlled the population's behavior and the urban space. The present study discusses the ideas, medical practices , and administrative initiatives adopted during the 1877-79 drought in Fortaleza, capital of Ceará province. The drought was accompanied by a smallpox epidemic, along with the increased migration of sertão dwellers to the capitol. The city lacked a public service network capable of meeting the needs of this new population, which took up lodgings on the city and periphery. The municipal administration endeavored to implement the recommendations of physicians based on modern principles of hygienization. Through an analysis of reports by the provincial presidents and by public health inspectors, the study intends to show how these medical theories influenced the practices of urban reorganization at a moment of public emergency.

  7. A TERRITORIALIDADE DA CRIMINALIDADE VIOLENTA NO BAIRRO JARDIM DAS OLIVEIRA - FORTALEZA - CE

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    Fabiano Lucas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The city of Fortaleza has been facing a progressive increase in the process of socioterritorial segmentation. Territoriality such as condominiums, shopping malls and territorialized confl icts among social groups are part of the same context, the increase of violence in Brazilian cities. Territorialized confl icts seem to multiply throughout the metropolis of Ceará, reaching other cities. Lately, neighborhoods that have shown a high rate of violence in Fortaleza are spaces with strong territorial fi ght. Fake identities over the years lead to rivalries, feud, revenge and other materialized feelings in those territories prevailing violence and fear. As to a more effective approach to the issues addressed, this research aims at studying the confl icts developed in the neighborhood of Bom Jardim, located southeast of the city of Fortaleza-CE. According to data from CEVEPI/SMF, in 2006, Bom Jardim was the second most violent concerning the variable murder. In this neighborhood, deaths have been the result of territorial clashes among microgroups belonging mainly to Trancedo Neves e Tasso Jereissati. Jardim das Oliveira is not considered a "closed" or "homogeneous" neighborhood concerning identity, but a mosaic of territory with their territorialities. This paper also argues that the assault or committed violence by youth has a remarkable socioterritorial dynamic. In the specific case of violent criminality, it seems to be a marked concentration by gender, race, marital status and age. Being so, young black and/or brown people of stigmatized areas are the main victims of homicides in the city of Fortaleza.

  8. Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

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    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  9. Smart City Analytics: state of the art and future perspectives

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    Carlo Giovannella

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In accordance with a 'people centred' vision, this paper critically examines current approaches to smart cities benchmarking. In particular, by means of correlation analysis and Principal Component Analysis (PCA we put in evidence present limitations of city rankings and, as well, the emergence of different perspectives for data interpretations. To follow, a possible redesign of the 'Smart Cities Analytics' grounded on the traces left by individuals, is suggested. In particular, as an example, we focus on the potentiality offered by automatic text analysis to extract people perceptions and expectations that, in turns, demonstrate the need to integrate bottom-up and top-down approaches to city benchmarking. Finally a novel definition of smart city based on the territorial state of flow is proposed and, as a consequence, a novel path toward smart city benchmarking suggested.

  10. Características da clientela atendida por crise hipertensiva na emergência de um hospital municipal de Fortaleza, Estado do Ceará = Characteristics of the clientele assisted for hypertensive crisis in the emergency of a municipal hospital in Fortaleza, Ceará State

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    Ione Cavalcante Lacerda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se descrever as características da clientela com crise hipertensiva. A pesquisa, quantitativa, descritiva e documental foi realizada em um hospital municipal de Fortaleza, Estado do Ceará em 2006. Na análise de 790 fichas de atendimento, observamos que 48,2% dos pacientes que apresentavam crise hipertensiva, encontravam-se na faixa etária de 40 a 59 anos e a maioria dos indivíduos era de casados (57,5%. Os principais sintomas encontrados foram cefaleia (35,7% e dor precordial (12.3% e, em 36,8% das fichas, não houve registro de sinais e sintomas. As medicações mais prescritas foram o captopril (90,6% e furosemida (53%. Conclui-se que a crise hipertensiva acomete muitos adultos, a maioria casados e que geralmente vão à emergência para fazer avaliação clínica de algum sinal/sintoma. Ressalta-se a necessidade de se alertar os profissionais de saúde quanto à importância do registro para conhecimento e compreensão das características dessa clientela para o controle e a prevenção da crise hipertensiva.The objective was to describe the characteristics of the clientele with hypertensive crisis. The research, which was quantitative, descriptive and documentary, was conducted at a municipal hospital in Fortaleza, Ceará Estate in 2006. In the analysis of 790 patient files, we found that 48.2% of patients presenting hypertensive crisis were in the age group between 40 and 59 years old. Most of the individuals were married (57.5%. The main symptoms were headache (35.7% and chest pain (12.3%, and in 36.8% of files there was no record of signs and symptoms. The most prescribed medications were captopril (90.6% and furosemide (53%. We conclude that hypertensive crisis affects many adults, most married and who usually go to the emergency room for clinical evaluation of a sign/symptom. We emphasize the need to alert health professionals about the importance of records for knowledge and understanding of the characteristics of that

  11. THE STATE OF GREEN SPACES IN KUMASI CITY (GHANA: LESSONS FOR OTHER AFRICAN CITIES

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    Collins ADJEI MENSAH

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Integrating green spaces such as parks and gardens into the physical landscape of cities has been identified to enhance the health and wellbeing of urban dwellers. This paper assesses the state of green spaces in Kumasi city (Ghana, once known as the garden city of West Africa. Using a case study approach, a mixture of qualitative research techniques were employed whilst a set of eight themes were put together to guide the assessment. In all, green spaces were found to be in poor state. With the exception of conservation and heritage theme, the remaining seven themes that were used for the assessment all found the green spaces to be in poor state. It is therefore recommended that there should be an attitudinal change towards the maintenance of green spaces, the application of a collaborative governance approach, and priority giving to green spaces in all development agendas by city authorities.

  12. Modeling of coastal water contamination in Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil).

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    Pereira, S P; Rosman, P C C; Alvarez, C; Schetini, C A F; Souza, R O; Vieira, R H S F

    2015-01-01

    An important tool in environmental management projects and studies due to the complexity of environmental systems, environmental modeling makes it possible to integrate many variables and processes, thereby providing a dynamic view of systems. In this study the bacteriological quality of the coastal waters of Fortaleza (a state capital in Northeastern Brazil) was modeled considering multiple contamination sources. Using the software SisBaHiA, the dispersion of thermotolerant coliforms and Escherichia coli from three sources of contamination (local rivers, storm drains and submarine outfall) was analyzed. The models took into account variations in bacterial decay due to solar radiation and other environmental factors. Fecal pollution discharged from rivers and storm drains is transported westward by coastal currents, contaminating strips of beach water to the left of each storm drain or river. Exception to this condition only occurs on beaches protected by the breakwater of the harbor, where counterclockwise vortexes reverse this behavior. The results of the models were consistent with field measurements taken during the dry and the rainy season. Our results show that the submarine outfall plume was over 2 km from the nearest beach. The storm drains and the Maceió stream are the main factors responsible for the poor water quality on the waterfront of Fortaleza. The depollution of these sources would generate considerable social, health and economic gains for the region.

  13. FORTALEZA NA COPA DO MUNDO: a visão dos turistas estrangeiros sobre a cidade no jornalismo local

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    Silvia Helena Belmino

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem por objetivo investigar como o jornalismo local apresenta a visão dos turistas estrangeiros sobre Fortaleza durante a Copa do Mundo de 2014. Partindo dos referenciais sobre imagem, discute-se a construção da imagem do Brasil e, mais especificamente, do Ceará. A análise crítica do discurso (ACD, com base nas proposições de Norman Fairclough (2005, é o caminho escolhido para analisar duas notícias publicadas em junho de 2014, nos dois principais jornais da cidade, O Povo e Diário do Nordeste. O foco em qualidades de Fortaleza ajuda a construir uma imagem positiva da cidade para o cidadão local.    PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Imagem; turismo; Fortaleza; jornalismo, consumo.     ABSTRACT This article aims to investigate how local journalism presents the view of foreign tourists about the city of Fortaleza during 2014 World Cup. The theoretical framework is based on discussions about the formation of Brazil’s and Ceará’s images. Critical discourse analysis, as suggested by Norman Fairclough (2005, is the chosen methodology to analyze two news articles published in June 2014, in the two main newspapers of Fortaleza, O Povo and Diário do Nordeste. The focus in the positive attributes helps to build a positive image of the city for its citizen.   KEYWORDS: Image; tourism; Fortaleza; journalism; consumption     RESUMEN El artículo tiene como objetivo investigar cómo el periodismo local, presenta la visión de los turistas extranjeros sobre Fortaleza durante la Copa Mundial de 2014. Sobre la base de la imagen de referencia, se analiza la construcción de la imagen de Brasil y, más específicamente, de Ceará. El Análisis Crítico del Discurso (ACD, sobre la base de las propuestas de Norman Fairclough (2005, es el camino elegido para analizar dos informes publicados en junio de 2014, los dos principales periódicos de la ciudad, diario El Pueblo y el Diario del Noreste . El foco en las cualidades de Fortaleza ayuda a construir

  14. Las fortalezas de San Lázaro

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    Enrique Naranjo Martínez

    1961-11-01

    Full Text Available Generalmente en Cartagena, al hablar de las fortalezas del cerro de San Lázaro, las llaman en conjunto el Castillo de San Felipe de Barajas, pero en esto nos parece que hay un error. El castillo propiamente dicho se construyó en 1657, según la inscripción que en placa de mármol, ostentaba El Caballero, desde donde la sonora voz de la campana daba los alertas a la plaza fuerte en los días de la colonia.

  15. Bioinformática como recurso pedagógico para o curso de ciências biológicas na Universidade Estadual do Ceará – UECE – Fortaleza, Estado do Ceará = Bioinformatics as a pedagogical resource for the biology course in the State University of Ceara - UECE - Fortaleza, Ceará State

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    Howard Lopes Ribeiro Junior

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi aplicar e avaliar conteúdos teórico-práticos de Bioinformática para estudantes do curso de Licenciatura Plena em Ciências Biológicas, matriculados nas disciplinas de Genética geral e Biologia Molecular na Universidade Estadual do Ceará, no ano de 2010. A abordagem teórica consistiu de uma apresentação de conceitos históricos, básicos e específicos dos atuais avanços das pesquisas envolvidas nas áreas da biologia Molecular. A prática de ‘Construção de uma Filogenia Molecular in Silico’ foi elaborada para tornar funcionais os conceitos apresentados na prática anterior (RIBEIRO JUNIOR, 2011, com a utilização do banco de dados do National Center for Biotechnology Information, NCBI, e sua ferramenta de alinhamento de sequências, o BLASTp (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool Protein-Protein. Os resultados positivos obtidos com a aplicação da aula teórica de Introdução à Bioinformática e das atividades práticas foram destacados com as caracterizações das filogenias moleculares das sequências hipotéticas propostas para a execução dos alinhamentos e com as falas dos alunos anteriormente citados. Essas atividades foram consideradas essenciais para que os alunos pudessem vivenciar o passo a passo para uma melhor compreensão da emergente área das ciências da vida: a Bioinformática.The objective of this study was to evaluate and apply the Bioinformatics theoretical contents and practical for the course students in Biological Sciences Degree Fully enrolled in the disciplines of General Genetics and Molecular Biology, State University of Ceara in 2010. The theoretical approach previously tested (RIBEIRO JUNIOR, 2011 consisted of a presentation of historical concepts, basic and specific to current advances in research involved the areas of molecular biology. The practice of "Building a Molecular Phylogeny in Silico" is designed to become functional in practice the concepts presented above

  16. CONCEPTUALIZING STATE STRENGTH: MOVING BEYOND STRONG AND WEAK STATES Conceptualizando la fortaleza del Estado: Más allá de los estados débiles o fuertes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AGUSTINA GIRAUDY

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The strength of states has long been regarded by the specialized literature as an important factor to guarantee the viability of different political and economic phenomena such as democratic consolidation, the rule of law, adequate provision of basic public goods, and economic growth. Despite the importance of state strength, only few scholarly works have systematically explored the definition and the constitutive dimensions of this concept. This article seeks to (a refine the conceptualization of state strength, (b increase awareness about the effects of different rules of aggregation for achieving differentiation among empirical cases (i.e., countries, and (c provide conceptual tools to help analysts move beyond the classical dichotomy of strong states versus weak states.La literatura especializada ha considerado a la capacidad estatal como unfactor importante para garantizar la viabilidad de diferentesfenómenos políticos y económicos como, por ejemplo, la consolidación democrática, el estado de derecho, la adecuada provisión de bienes públicos y el crecimiento económico. A pesar de la importancia de la capacidad estatal, solo algunos pocos trabajos académicos han explorado sistemáticamente la definición así como las dimensiones constitutivas de este concepto. Este artículo busca (a precisar la conceptualización de capacidad estatal, (b echar luz sobre los efectos que tienen las reglas de agregación a efectos de alcanzar diferenciación entre casos empíricos (e.g., países y (c brindar herramientas conceptuales para superar la clásica dicotomía entre estados débiles y estados fuertes.

  17. 32 CFR 1605.14 - State Director of Selective Service for New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Selective Service for New York City. The Governor of the State of New York is authorized to recommend a person to be appointed by the President as State Director of Selective Service for New York City, who shall represent the Governor in all Selective Service matters within the City of New York. Subject to...

  18. An Extraordinary Partnership between Arizona State University and the City of Phoenix

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Debra

    2009-01-01

    The Arizona State University Downtown Phoenix campus is a grand-scale exemplar of a city-university partnership. Its demonstrated impacts are economic, social, and educational, transforming both the city and the university. The magnitude of the investment of $223 million by the citizens of a city in a state university is unparalleled in higher…

  19. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Cities and Towns of the United States 200402 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities in the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. These cities were collected from the 1970 National Atlas of the United...

  20. Bioinformatics as a pedagogical resource for the biology course in the State University of Ceara - UECE - Fortaleza, Ceará State - doi: 10.4025/actascieduc.v34i1.14584

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard Lopes Ribeiro Junior

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate and apply the Bioinformatics theoretical contents and practical for the course students in Biological Sciences Degree Fully enrolled in the disciplines of General Genetics and Molecular Biology, State University of Ceara in 2010. The theoretical approach previously tested (RIBEIRO JUNIOR, 2011 consisted of a presentation of historical concepts, basic and specific to current advances in research involved the areas of molecular biology. The practice of "Building a Molecular Phylogeny in Silico" is designed to become functional in practice the concepts presented above, using the database of the National Center for Biotechnology Information, NCBI, and their sequence alignment tool, the BLASTp (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool Protein-Protein. positive results obtained with the application of the lecture Introduction to Bioinformatics and practical activities were highlighted with the characterizations of molecular phylogenies of the sequences hypothetical proposals for the implementation of the alignments and the statements of students mentioned above. These activities were seen as essential so that students could experience step by step to a better understanding of the emerging field of life sciences: the Bioinformatics. 

  1. Risk factors for childhood pneumonia among the urban poor in Fortaleza, Brazil: a case--control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, W; Kirkwood, B R; Victora, C G; Fuchs, S R; Flores, J A; Misago, C

    1996-01-01

    Reported are the results of a case-control study carried out between July 1989 and June 1990 in Fortaleza city, Ceará State, Brazil, to determine the factors that place young children living in urban slum conditions at increased risk of contracting pneumonia. Cases were 650 under-2-year-olds with a radiological diagnosis of pneumonia who were recruited at the main paediatric hospital in the city over a full calendar year. Age-matched controls were recruited from the neighbourhood where the cases lived. Cases and controls were compared with respect to a variety of sociodemographic, environmental, reproductive, nutritional, and morbidity factors, and a risk factor questionnaire was administered to the mother of each child or to the child's normal guardian. Cases and controls were also weighed and measured. Malnutrition was the most important risk factor for childhood pneumonia in the study population, with weight-for-age, height-for-age, and weight-for-height also being important risk factors. In view of the high prevalence of stunting in the study population, there is an urgent need to reduce the level of malnutrition as a priority. Attendance at a day care centre was also associated with a high odds ratio. In view of the growing numbers of children attending day care centres in both developing and developed countries, it is essential that ways be identified to improve the design and management of such centres in order to minimize the risk of pneumonia. Increased risks of childhood pneumonia were also associated with low birth weight, non-breast-feeding, crowding, high parity, and incomplete vaccination status, but not with socioeconomic status or environmental variables. Finally, children who had suffered from previous episodes of wheezing or been hospitalized for pneumonia had a greater than threefold increased risk of contracting the disease.

  2. Características da clientela atendida por crise hipertensiva na emergência de um hospital municipal de Fortaleza, Estado do Ceará - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v32i1.5746 Characteristics of the clientele assisted for hypertensive crisis in the emergency of a municipal hospital in Fortaleza, Ceará State - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v32i1.5746

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Célia Caetano de Souza

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se descrever as características da clientela com crise hipertensiva. A pesquisa, quantitativa, descritiva e documental foi realizada em um hospital municipal de Fortaleza, Estado do Ceará em 2006. Na análise de 790 fichas de atendimento, observamos que 48,2% dos pacientes que apresentavam crise hipertensiva, encontravam-se na faixa etária de 40 a 59 anos e a maioria dos indivíduos era de casados (57,5%. Os principais sintomas encontrados foram cefaleia (35,7% e dor precordial (12.3% e, em 36,8% das fichas, não houve registro de sinais e sintomas. As medicações mais prescritas foram o captopril (90,6% e furosemida (53%. Conclui-se que a crise hipertensiva acomete muitos adultos, a maioria casados e que geralmente vão à emergência para fazer avaliação clínica de algum sinal/sintoma. Ressalta-se a necessidade de se alertar os profissionais de saúde quanto à importância do registro para conhecimento e compreensão das características dessa clientela para o controle e a prevenção da crise hipertensiva.The objective was to describe the characteristics of the clientele with hypertensive crisis. The research, which was quantitative, descriptive and documentary, was conducted at a municipal hospital in Fortaleza, Ceará Estate in 2006. In the analysis of 790 patient files, we found that 48.2% of patients presenting hypertensive crisis were in the age group between 40 and 59 years old. Most of the individuals were married (57.5%. The main symptoms were headache (35.7% and chest pain (12.3%, and in 36.8% of files there was no record of signs and symptoms. The most prescribed medications were captopril (90.6% and furosemide (53%. We conclude that hypertensive crisis affects many adults, most married and who usually go to the emergency room for clinical evaluation of a sign/symptom. We emphasize the need to alert health professionals about the importance of records for knowledge and understanding of the characteristics of that

  3. Leadership: Subject to the State Personnel Act (SPA) Employee's Perceptions of Job Satisfaction at Elizabeth City State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leary, Mary

    2010-01-01

    This evaluation was conducted at Elizabeth City State University (ECSU) in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, located approximately 40 miles south of the Virginia state line. ECSU, a historically Black institution of higher learning, was founded in 1891 and is one of 17 constituent universities in The University of North Carolina system. The…

  4. Leadership: Subject to the State Personnel Act (SPA) Employee's Perceptions of Job Satisfaction at Elizabeth City State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leary, Mary

    2010-01-01

    This evaluation was conducted at Elizabeth City State University (ECSU) in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, located approximately 40 miles south of the Virginia state line. ECSU, a historically Black institution of higher learning, was founded in 1891 and is one of 17 constituent universities in The University of North Carolina system. The…

  5. 77 FR 23283 - All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers; United States City Average

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... of the Secretary All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers; United States City Average... this notice in the Federal Register that the United States City Average All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (1967 = 100) increased 116.6 percent from its 1984 annual average of 311.1...

  6. 78 FR 35054 - All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers United States City Average

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... of the Secretary All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers United States City Average... Commission and publishes this notice in the Federal Register that the United States City Average All Items... average of 147.7 to its 2012 annual average of 687.761 and that it increased 29.7 percent from its...

  7. 76 FR 31991 - All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers; United States City Average

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... of the Secretary All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers; United States City Average... this notice in the Federal Register that the United States City Average All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (1967 = 100) increased 110.0 percent from its 1984 annual average of 311.1...

  8. 78 FR 35054 - All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers; United States City Average

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... of the Secretary All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers; United States City Average... in the Federal Register that the United States City Average All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (1967=100) increased 121.1 percent from its 1984 annual average of 311.1 to its...

  9. 77 FR 23282 - All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers; United States City Average

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-18

    ... of the Secretary All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers; United States City Average... Election Commission and publishes this notice in the Federal Register that the United States City Average... 1974 annual average of 147.7 to its 2011 annual average of 673.818 and that it increased 27.0...

  10. 75 FR 22164 - All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers United States City Average

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... of the Secretary All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers United States City Average... Commission and publishes this notice in the Federal Register that the United States City Average All Items... average of 147.7 to its 2009 annual average of 642.658 and that it increased 21.2 percent from its...

  11. 75 FR 22164 - All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers; United States City Average

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... of the Secretary All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers; United States City Average... this notice in the Federal Register that the United States City Average All Items Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (1967=100) increased 106.6 percent from its 1984 annual average of 311.1...

  12. Youth Voting: State and City Approaches to Early Civic Engagement. Education Trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aragon, Stephanie

    2015-01-01

    Opportunities for youth participation in city and state elections, such as those occurring in Maryland and Illinois, are becoming a part of the policymaker's toolkit to create engaged citizens and lifelong voters. This report reviews new efforts by state and city leaders to encourage youth voting within their boundaries. Key takeaways in this…

  13. PHARMACIES LIVE : The context of the use of medicinal plants and herbal medicines through social actors in Fortaleza

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Lopes Rufino

    2015-01-01

    The practice of Living Pharmacies (FVs) in Fortaleza precedes Phytotherapy Deployment Policy in Public Health in the state of CearÃ, Decree No. 30016 of December 30, 2009. Conceived by Professor Francisco Josà Matos, the FVs make up the practices complementary integrative, anchored in the Municipal Public Policy and National Medicinal Plants and Herbal medicines. To understand how this municipal public policy within living pharmacy emerged and structure, and social actors see this public poli...

  14. State of the Child: New York City II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lash, Trude W.; And Others

    Part I of this report is organized around six dimensions of the quality of life of children in New York City: the demography of the City, the characteristics of families with children, children's health, children's ability to learn, the situation of children living away from home, and crimes committed against and by children. Public expenditures…

  15. Pressão arterial de adolescentes de escolas particulares de Fortaleza-CE Presión arterial de adolescentes de escuelas particulares en Fortaleza-CE Blood pressure of adolescents in private schools in Fortaleza-CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polyana Carina Viana da Silva

    2010-01-01

    blood pressure of adolescents in private schools in the city of Fortaleza-CE. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and quantitative study in which 794 adolescents were surveyed - between 12 and 17 years of age - from 14 private schools of that city, in the period from March to September 2007. It was used a questionnaire that contemplated the following characteristics: socio-demographic, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI, physical activity and capillary glucose. RESULTS: It was found that 19.7% of young people had high blood pressure. The male participants had systolic blood pressure (SBP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP higher than females (p=0.0001. The investigation found higher values of SBP and DBP in those who were overweight (p=0.0001. CONCLUSION: The blood pressure was influenced mainly by gender and BMI.

  16. Analysis of the natural gas market in Fortaleza metropolitan region (Brazil); Analise do mercado de gas natural na regiao metropolitana de Fortaleza

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barroso, Carlos Andre M.; Rabelo, Clarice A.C.; Santana, Lana L.P.; Sucupira, Marcos L.L. [Universidade Federal do Ceara (UFC), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    Natural gas has become one of the most important energy sources, as we can observe in most countries' energy sector, where its presence is very significant. In Brazil, natural gas corresponds to 7,5% of all energy Also available, and the government has plans to increase this number to 12% until 2010. However, in order to reach this goal, it is important to understand how market works, evaluating all the aspects that have some influence on it. This paper goal is to analyze the natural gas market in Fortaleza metropolitan region, emphasizing the industrial sector, the biggest consumer in Ceara State. The main aspects are characterized here, like professionals qualification in the area, service quality, from equipment and maintenance suppliers until gas distributors, legal aspects, and other factors that are also relevant to a possible future expansion of different natural gas market segments (industry, residence, commerce and transport). (author)

  17. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  18. REESTRUTURAÇÃO PRODUTIVA, TRABALHO E TRANSFORMAÇÕES NO ESPAÇO METROPOLITANO DE FORTALEZA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexsandra Maria Vieira Muniz

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In the face of the ongoing process of productive and spatial restructuring, the Metropolitan Region of Fortaleza(RMF experiments the substitution of forms and the diversification of its functions. The creation of industrialdistricts and large housing projects has led to a complex form of the urban structure in the metropolis,with changes in the socio-spatial organization. Different from an expected loss of functions, Fortaleza hasstrengthened its command capacities due to the new roles that the municipalities of the RMF play in the socialand technical division of labor. However, these municipalities have remained dependent on the supply of servicesfrom the capital that has specialized on the tertiary sector, increasing its polarizing power and area of influence.The policies for the incentive of tourism, real estate deals, agribusiness, and the growth and expansion of theindustry in Ceará have produced changes in the employment structure, on the labor market, and consequently inthe metropolis. This article analyzes the impacts of the processes of restructuring in the metropolitan space ofFortaleza and their implications for the labor force profile and the spatial mobility. It shows the impulse and therescaling of the industry in the RMF and the resulting expansion of its zone of influence to other states and thetransnational space, and these processes favor the emergence of new centralities.

  19. Perception of toothache in adults from state capitals and interior cities within the Brazilian geographic regions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hafner, Maylu Botta; Zanatta, Juliana; Rasera Zotelli, Vera Lucia; Batista, Marília Jesus; Sousa, Maria da Luz Rosário

    2013-01-01

    ...) is important, especially considering that this is an economically active population. To describe reports of oral pain and oral pain-related aspects in from Brazilian state capitals and interior cities...

  20. Residential electricity rates for the United States for Solcost Data Bank cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, L. E.

    1981-05-01

    Electricity rates are given for selected cities in each state, first of the Southern Solar Energy Center region and then of the rest of the US, for an average residence that uses 1000 kWh a month. (LEW)

  1. Participação social no campo da cultura e disputas simbólicas nas políticas culturais para o circo em Fortaleza (CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jocastra Holanda Bezerra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article seeks to understand the dynamics of social participation in the field of culture. It seeks to reflect about the plurality of identities and self-representations present in the circus segment, realizing how these are articulated, integrated or do not connect with each other in the sphere of participation in the cultural policies of the city of Fortaleza, Ceará. To reflect on these questions, we analyzed the discourses and the participation of agents of the circus sector on two occasions: in the construction of the proposal of the Municipal School of Circus and the formulation of the Sectorial Circus Plan in the city.

  2. Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in Fortaleza, Northeastern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, Maria N; Queiroz, Dulciene M M; Rodrigues, Rodrigo T; Rocha, Andreia M C; Luz, Carlos R L; Braga, Lucia L B C

    2005-10-01

    The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection was assessed in a randomly selected sample of individuals from low-income community in Fortaleza, Northeastern Brazil. Overall, 384 out of 610 participants (62.9%) were H. pylori positive. A 47.5% infection rate was found in subjects aged six months to 10 years old, increased to 73.3% in subjects aged 11-20 years and then continued to increase with age reaching up to 87% in those over 60 years old. After this age group, the prevalence decreased slightly. The prevalence of infection increased significantly with age (p<0.0001).

  3. STATE OF WATER SUPPLY INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE SUBCARPATHIAN CITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna PIETRUCHA-URBANIK

    Full Text Available The characteristics of equipping the Subcarpathian province cities with water supply infrastructure was made on the basis of data collected from the Provincial Office, Statistical Office, reports submitted by water companies regarding the functioning of water supply infrastructure and literature data. The indicators characterizing water supply infrastructure were determined for the years 1995-2014. In the paper the indicators of equipping cities with water supply systems were presented. Also water consumption and changes in the length of the water supply network in the cities of the Subcarpathian Province were examined. The analysis shows that the water consumption for the years 1995-2014 decreased by almost 6 m3∙year-1 per capita. The reason for such situation was the increasing price of water and the ecological awareness of the inhabitants of the Subcarpathian region. In the last year of the analysis the water supply system in urban areas of the Subcarpathian province was used by 95% of the population and, for comparison, in rural areas by 77% of the population. In the paper also changes in prices for water in the Subcarpathian region were shown, on the basis of data from the water tariffs in individual water companies. The important element of urban development is the technical infrastructure which reduces the investment costs. The determined indicators of equipping cities with water supply systems show an upward trend in the development of technical infrastructure. Based on the operational data from the water companies the failure rates in selected water supply networks were determined.

  4. Gestão da atenção básica em saúde bucal no Município de Fortaleza, Ceará, entre 1999 e 2006 Primary health care management in oral health in Fortaleza, Ceará, between 1999 and 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Ferreira Martins Lessa

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisou o grau de adequação da gestão da Atenção Básica (AB em saúde bucal no município de Fortaleza, Ceará, entre 1999 e 2006. A metodologia empregada teve como base uma matriz de análise de cinco dimensões: Planejamento e Programação, Suporte da Gestão aos Profissionais e às Práticas na AB, Oferta de Assistência Odontológica, Utilização de Serviços e Integralidade da Atenção. As informações foram obtidas de planos municipais de saúde, de relatórios de gestão e análise de dados secundários do Sistema de Informação Ambulatorial (SIA-SUS e do IBGE. De maneira complementar, a partir da análise dos indicadores do Pacto da AB (2006, obtiveram-se informações com gestores de saúde bucal. Observou-se uma melhora nas quatro primeiras dimensões da matriz de análise, e apenas a dimensão relativa à utilização de serviços declinou no período. A tendência dos indicadores de saúde bucal foi heterogênea. Enquanto a "Cobertura de Primeira Consulta odontológica" reduziu, a "Proporção de procedimentos odontológicos especializados em relação às ações individuais da AB" apresentou discreto aumento. Concluiu-se que o município de Fortaleza apresentou adequação da gestão da AB em saúde bucal ao modelo de vigilância em saúde, entre 1999 e 2006. Entretanto, o declínio na utilização de serviços odontológicos associado à estabilidade dos indicadores de cobertura e assistência odontológica sugere a necessidade de sistematizar atividades de planejamento e avaliação das ações de saúde bucal na AB em Fortaleza.This study assessed the degree of adequacy of Primary Care management in oral health in the city of Fortaleza, state of Ceará, Brazil, between 1999 and 2006. The employed methodology was based on a matrix of analysis including five dimensions: Planning and Programming, Management Support to Primary Care Professionals and Practices, Dental Assistance Offered, Health Services

  5. Internal migration effectiveness and income effectiveness in the most populous cities in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambinakudige, Shrinidhi; Parisi, Domenico

    2010-01-01

    In this study, migration data compiled by the Internal Revenue Serve (IRS) and the US Census Bureau for 2006-07 were used to analyse internal migration patterns using migration and income effectiveness for the counties containing the 25 most populous cities in the United States. The results indicated that both large metropolitan and rural counties have lost population and income due to migration. Small metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties closer to cities gained population and income. Counties in South Florida attracted a large number of higher-income migrants from the largest cities in the US. In the last 13 years, New York, Los Angeles and Chicago, the three most populous cities in the US, had negative migration effectiveness. Suburban areas and second-tier cities continued to attract people from large metropolitan areas.

  6. CARTOGRAFIA DO LITORAL DE FORTALEZA NA DÉCADA DE 1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio de Oliveira Matos

    2012-01-01

    the coastline of Fortaleza in the 1940 decade. The coastline was employed as an argument for public urban structure interventions with the changing of the use and occupation of the land, making this historic period as a milestone that redirected the forma urbis of Fortaleza coastline.

  7. Computational modelling of contaminants flow in groundwater in the Bom Jardim cemetery, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Leonardy Sousa Lopes

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The contamination of groundwater by degradation of buried corpses in cemeteries appears as a common reality in Brazil and worldwide. In the Fortaleza (CE, the Bom Jardim cemetery is a typical example of a contamination threat. The risk is mainly due to the fact that often the population utilizes the groundwater for different purposes. In this investigation, we analyzed the possibility of the Bom Jardim cemetery to contribute to microbiological contamination in the local aquifer. The software PMWIN PRO® was utilized to simulate the groundwater flow and to evaluate the transport of pathogenic microorganisms presented in a pollution plume. The numerical simulation of groundwater was achieved in steady state and was admitted the advective transport of pathogenic microorganisms. The results showed a slight possibility of microbiological contamination to exceed the boundaries of the cemetery.

  8. Enfrentamento da AIDS entre mulheres infectadas em Fortaleza - CE Enfrentamento del SIDA entre mujeres infectadas en Fortaleza-CE How infected women in Fortaleza-CE cope with AIDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Maria de Lima Carvalho

    2008-03-01

    haber pasado más de dos décadas de epidemia, queda evidente las dificultades enfrentadas por las mujeres al vivenciar su infección.The objective of this study was to learn how women with Aids cope with daily living after receiving their diagnosis. It is an exploratory, descriptive study with a qualitative approach based on thematic oral history for data collection and analysis. Ten women with Aids were interviewed at a reference hospital in Fortaleza, State of Ceará, from December 2004 to March 2005. A semi-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The results revealed different ways of coping, related to the fragility of the discovery of the diagnosis, to the need to hide the infection due to the discrimination and prejudice faced by the victims, and to the constant perception of death. In addition, the women expressed feelings such as shame, concern about family, abandonment, solitude, sadness, fear and anxiety. The authors conclude that, two decades after the epidemic broke out, women still face evident difficulties when they experience their infection.

  9. Cancer incidence in eighteen cities of the State of São Paulo, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreoni, G I; Veneziano, D B; Giannotti Filho, O; Marigo, C; Mirra, A P; Fonseca, L A

    2001-08-01

    As in Brazil cancer registries are mostly based on large cities, there are no estimates per state or per region and information on the disease incidence in the vast in-land areas is very scarce. An incidence survey was conducted in 18 major cities of the state of São Paulo, excluding the capital, aiming to collect information about cancer incidence in the state of São Paulo. Of the 18 cities in state of São Paulo included in the survey, all had available resources for cancer management. Data from the year of 1991 were collected by the personnel of the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute of Statistics), who were especially trained by the study coordinators at the Fundação Oncocentro de São Paulo (Cancer Center of São Paulo). The collected data were processed and analyzed at the Oncocentro. Data collection, processing, and analyses were performed according to the recommendations of the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Although some discrepancies were observed in cancer incidence rates between the cities, results obtained for all 18 cities combined were remarkably close to those recently found for the city of São Paulo in the year 1993. One remarkable finding was the relatively high cancer incidence rates in both sexes in the city of Santos. The very similar all-sites cancer incidence rates found in the year 1991, when compared to those for the city of São Paulo in the year 1993, are suggestive that all regions have common cancer-related factors. Nevertheless, other explanations, such as the inclusion in the study of prevalent cases, as well as of non-residents, may have occurred in both studies, biasing the results. There is a need of further studies to confirm the high cancer incidence in Santos.

  10. United States Local Government Reform: The Emergence of the City Manager

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert McEVOY

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available City Managers came into being in the early 1900.s because of the corruption, waste, and lack of responsiveness of local governments in the United States. Business leaders in large cities had begun to recognise that major changes in their local governments were desperately needed for their businesses to grow and prosper. Andrew Carnegie, a founder of United States Steel, had indicated that business needed a stable society to prosper. Local government had to become responsive to the changing needs of the poor, abused and neglected children, the mentally ill and the elderly, to cite a few examples.

  11. Sexual behavior of women with human papillomavirus in reference services of Fortaleza, Ceará

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Antero Sousa Machado

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the sexual behavior of women with human papillomavirus (HPV admitted to two referral health units for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs in the city of Fortaleza. Methods: A quantitative and descriptive study, conducted in the months of August- September 2005 in two referral units for STDs. A questionnaire was applied to all women who were undergoing treatment for HPV in clinical or subclinical forms. The questionnaire comprised sociodemographic variables, behavioral and sexual. The results were analyzed by descriptive statistics using Epi Info, version 15.1. Results: Joined in the study 39 women, of whom 25 (64.1% had clinical form of the disease. Most 22 (56.4% were in the age group of 20-29 years and 16 (41% had completed or incompleted high school. Most 31 (79.5% hace a steady partner, and of these, 19 (48.7% lived with their partners. Of all women, 29 (74.4% began their sexual life with less than 19 years. In 21 (53.8% cases the sexual partners had no verrucous lesions. The number of partners ranged from two to four for 20 (51.3% women, 27 (73% denied the concomitant presence of other STD and 32 (82.1% had already been tested for HIV. Conclusion: Women with HPV were generally young, with a steady partner. More than half of the partners had no symptoms. It is necessary to developpreventive strategies and of health promotion for youth.

  12. Möbius Syndrome: characterization of children treated in an institution in Fortaleza-CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismênia de Carvalho Brasileiro

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To describe the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of a group of children with Möbius syndrome. Methods: The quantitative, descriptive, documentary and transversal research, was performed at an early intervention medical institution in the city of Fortaleza-CE, Brazil in 2009. Results: The analysis of nine children in attendance revealed that their mothers were pregnant at the early average age of 24, with stable relationships,half of them graduated from high school and the other half, from fundamental school. Most families (77.8% had a monthly income below the minimum wage. All children were born at term, the majority by cesarean section (77.8%. Neonatal intercurrences were verified in77.8% of children, which justified their early introduction to the counseling center for child development. Regarding the peculiar characteristics of the syndrome, facial palsy, clubfeetand hypotonia were present in all cases, and strabismus in 88.9% of them. An amount of 55.6% of children showed other abnormalities, such as lack of fingers and toes. Cytotec® had been used as a measure to terminate pregnancy in 55.6% of cases. Conclusion: Childrenwith Möbius are mostly born from mothers which underwent full term pregnancies, living up with monthly minimum wage, in stable relationships. Although being born at term, the children went through neonatal complications. Bilateral facial palsy, strabismus, club feet,and hypotonia were the most related clinical characteristics.

  13. Teorias médicas e gestão urbana: a seca de 1877-79 em Fortaleza Medical theories and urban management: Fortaleza's 1877-79 drought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Clélia Lustosa Costa

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo do século XIX, as novas teorias médicas sobre a origem das doenças influenciaram normas e regulamentos de controle do comportamento da população e do espaço urbano. Neste trabalho, apresentam-se e discutem-se as idéias, práticas médicas e ações administrativas adotadas durante a seca de 1877-79 em Fortaleza, capital da província do Ceará. A seca foi acompanhada de uma epidemia de varíola e do aumento da migração da população sertaneja para a capital. Sem rede de serviços públicos capaz de atender à população de retirantes que se alojaram na cidade e nos arredores, a administração municipal esforçou-se para implementar recomendações dos médicos, baseadas nos modernos princípios de higienização. Demonstra-se, por meio da análise dos relatórios dos presidentes da província e dos inspetores de saúde pública, a influência daquelas teorias médicas sobre as práticas de reorganização urbana, numa situação de calamidade como o de Fortaleza em 1877.Down through the nineteenth century, new medical theories on the origin of disease influenced the norms and regulations that controlled the population's behavior and the urban space. The present study discusses the ideas, medical practices, and administrative initiatives adopted during the 1877-79 drought in Fortaleza, capital of Ceará province. The drought was accompanied by a smallpox epidemic, along with the increased migration of sertão dwellers to the capital. The city lacked a public service network capable of meeting the needs of this new population, which took up lodgings on the city and periphery. The municipal administration endeavored to implement the recommendations of physicians, based on modern principles of hygienization. Through an analysis of reports by the provincial presidents and by public health inspectors, the study intends to show how these medical theories influenced the practices of urban reorganization at a moment of public

  14. REESTRUTURAÇÃO PRODUTIVA E RECONFIGURAÇÃO DA ÁREA CENTRAL DE FORTALEZA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Borzacchiello da Silva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The text discusses the metropolitan theme from the perspective of productive restructuring, especially the spatial transformations and the reconfiguration of the central area of Fortaleza. The focus is placed upon the comprehension of the social-spatial processes in their configuration with fragments, residues and new centralities, which testify to the process of production of the city in the light of property restructuring as a strategy for the reproduction of capital. The hegemony of financial capital and of the national and transnational construction companies reinforces mechanisms of social-spatial reproduction altering the urban structure and the expansion of the urban sprawl. This text confirms the significance and importance of the condominiums, walled properties and shopping malls which alter the price of urban land and modify, above all, the use of the soil.

  15. Ecological distribution of the shrimp camarao serrinha Artemesia longinaris (Decapoda, Penaeidae) in Fortaleza bay, Ubatuba, Brazil, in relation to abiotic factors

    OpenAIRE

    Fransozo, A.; Costa, R.C.; Castilho, A.L.; Mantelatto, F.L.

    2004-01-01

    The spatial and temporal distribution of the shrimp Artemesia longinaris in Fortaleza Bay, northern coast of Sao Paulo State, Brazil, in relation to abiotic factors, was studied. Shrimp samples were obtained on a monthly basis from November 1988 through October 1989 at seven pre-delimited transects on board of a fishing vessel supplied with double otter trawl nets. Depth was recorded at the midpoint of each transect; water and sediment samples were taken to measure salinity, temperature, text...

  16. Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  17. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Point locations of cities and towns in Arizona., Published in 2006, Arizona State Land Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2006. It is described as 'Point locations of cities and towns in Arizona.'. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  19. Suggestions to leak prevention in Fortaleza's natural gas piping system; Sugestoes para a prevencao de vazamentos de gas natural canalizado na regiao metropolitana de Fortaleza

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teles, Marcus de Barros [Agencia Reguladora de Servicos Publicos Delegados do Estado do Ceara (ARCE), Fortaleza, CE (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    Leaks are the bigger problem in health, safety and environmental when the subject is gas distribution piping systems. Specially in high density human regions, like in the majority districts of Fortaleza, safety have to be the higher priority to the gas company responsible for the gas distribution piping systems. Leaks are able to cause accidents or incidents, depending on the circumstances which they happen. In order to be control the situation and overcome the luck factor, leaks must be previously avoided by the application of some security requirements. This paper present some suggestions to natural gas leak prevention in the Fortaleza's metropolitan region pipeline systems. First, the piping systems are analysed, observing the risk regions. Then, safety actions and basic requirements to avoid pipe corrosion are presented in order to improve safety in the gas distribution piping systems of Fortaleza's metropolitan region. (author)

  20. Public water supplies of the 100 largest cities of the United States, 1962

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durfor, Charles N.; Becker, Edith

    1964-01-01

    The public water supplies of the 100 largest cities in the United States (1960 U.S. Census) serve 9,650 million gallons of water per day (mgd) to 60 million people, which is 34 percent of the Nation's total population and 48 percent of the Nation's urban population. The amount of water used to satisfy the domestic needs as well as the needs of commerce and industry ranges from 13 mgd, which serves a population of 124,000, to 1,200 mgd, which serves a city of 8 million people.

  1. A Funeral Objects Pit of the Warring States Period at Jiefang Road, Luoyang City, Henan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程永建; 赵振华; 亦囡; 曹楠

    2003-01-01

    To suit a project of capital construction, the Luoyang Municipal Archaeological Team excavated a test trench (T1) at the intersection of Jiefang 解放 and Wuqi 五七 roads in Luoyang 洛阳 City in August, 1982, which brought to a revelation of a bronze pit numbered (C1M395) to light. The pit is at the north center of the Eastern Zhou Royal City, and 30 m southwest of No.1 burial of the Warring States period, which was excavated in 1957.

  2. Definition of Smart Energy City and State of the art of 6 Transform cities using Key Performance Indicators. Deliverable 1.2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sieverts Nielsen, P.; Amer, S.B.; Halsnaes, K.

    2013-08-15

    This report summarises the work undertaken under the EU-FP7 TRANSFORM project for Work Package 1 (part 1): Becoming a Smart Energy City, state of the Art and Ambition. Part 1 starts with a clear outline of each of the participating cities. The work describes the context in terms of climate, energy assets, ambitions, targets and main possibilities in terms of energy efficiency, flows and energy production. After this first step, the work focuses on the description of what a smart energy city is (this report), what the main Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are that should be met and how this relates to where the current cities and the living labs are. It describes at the same time the current status of city planning, energy planning tools, and existing energy data. The outline should also include information on energy production, energy flows and energy efficiency, where possible. The work will draw largely on existing Strategic Energy Action Plans, Climate Action Plans and planning documents. This report establishes a definition of smart cities, develops Key Elements, Key Performance Indicators and reports on the state of the art regarding the KPIs for the 6 Transform cities. As specified in the Transform proposal, the objective of the evaluation is to identify previous and existing initiatives as a sort of stocktaking on the way to establishing a smart city transformation pathway for each of the participating cities in the Transform project. The definition of a smart energy city and the key performance indicators will be used throughout Transform the guide the work. (Author)

  3. The urban heat island dynamics during heat waves: a study of cities in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Leiqiu

    2016-04-01

    The urban heat island (UHI) is a common phenomenon describing that metropolitan areas are usually warmer than their rural surroundings. This effect is compounded by extreme heat events, which are a leading cause of weather-related human mortality in many countries worldwide. However, the spatial and diurnal variability of temperature and humidity in urban and adjacent rural areas during extreme heat events is not well measured and therefore not well understood. The recently developed dataset of near-surface air and dew temperature from MODIS atmospheric profiles and the new method for the UHI quantification--urban heat island curve are used to quantify the urban climatic changes during heat waves in cities of the United States. The enhanced and weakened UHIs are observed in various cities. The causes of UHI changes during heat waves are discussed, including climate region, vegetation type and amount, city geolocation, etc.

  4. PATERNIDADE EM HOMENS COM HIV/AIDS EM FORTALEZA, CEARÁ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Bastos da Silveira Reis

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se objetivó analizar la prevalencia y factores asociados con intenciones de paternidad en 162 hombres con VIH/SIDA en Fortaleza, Ceará. Los datos fueron recopilados entre junio y septiembre de 2012 utilizando un cuestionario en ambulatorios de referencia. Se utilizó Prueba χ² de Pearson y modelo de regresión logística para análisis. Tenían la intención de tener hijos, 41.4%. Menores de 35 años (p tres años (p=0,030 se asociaron con el deseo de tener hijos. En el análisis multivariante, deseo de tener hijos antes del diagnóstico (p=0,004; OR:9,81; IC: 1,84-52,20 y deseo de pareja de tener hijos (p<0,001; OR:9,72; IC: 3,48-27.12 se mantuvo estadísticamente significativa. Intención de paternidad se mantuvo en muchos hombres incluso después del diagnóstico de VIH/SIDA.

  5. A psicologia ambiental na Universidade de Fortaleza – UNIFOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvia Cavalcante

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a report about the stages of the academic practice in the área of Environmental Psychology at the University of Fortaleza – UNIFOR. From a developmental perspective, it was organized into three main sections : the historical aspects describes how this area was implemented at UNIFOR ; an up-to-date overview where the academic production such as research paper’s, master’s thesis and dissertations are listed and also the teaching activities in the courses of Architecture and Psychology as well as the Laboratory of Studies of Human-Environment Relationships are outlined; the last section presents what was called the future perspectives with an analysis of the possibilities of growth for this area .Finally as a conclusion it is presented the possible ways for the area of Environmental Psychology at this university and in the Brazilian context where, at the same time, the major contributions of this approach to the central contemporary environmental questions are discussed

  6. Seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil

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    REY Luís C.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A serological survey of Toxoplasma gondii infection in population groups in Fortaleza, Brazil, was conducted, in order to identify seroprevalence rates according to age and risk factors associated with acquired infection. A Toxoplasma IgG-antibody enzyme immunoassay (Sanofi Pasteur Diagnostics, Marnes la Coquette, France was employed to assess the immunity. Public day-care centers and schools were randomly selected, while three large antenatal clinics and maternity units were choosen by its importance. Population groups and results of 997 blood tests were: 227 children (mean age 3.8 years, 22.8% seropositives; 584 students (mean 11.4 years, 58.4%, and pregnant and postpartum women (mean 24 years, 71.5% seropositives (p < 0.001. Of 256 participants reporting close contact with cats, 59.8% were seropositive, in contrast with 51% seropositives without contact (relative risk 1.17; 95% confidence interval 1.04-1.33; p = 0.01. Having three or more siblings at home was related to higher seroprevalence in children and students (relative risk 1.39; 95% confidence interval 1.21-1.60; p < 0.01. In conclusion, toxoplasmosis seroprevalence showed a rapid increase during the first ten years of life, in association with close contact with cats and larger households, probably related to inappropriate hygiene and child-care practices.

  7. [Frequency of Toxocara cati eggs in domestic cats in Mexico City and the State of Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez Barbabosa, I; Ruiz González, L A; Gutiérrez Quiroz, M; Fernández Presas, A M; Vásquez Tsuji, O

    1997-01-01

    Toxocariosis is a zoonosis which has been widely studied in dogs. However, not much is known about this parasitosis in cats. The aim of the present work was to determine the frequency of Toxocara cati in domestic cats in Mexico City and the State of Mexico. Feces of 660 domestic cats were studied by the Faust concentration-floating test; 401 samples were from cats living in Mexico City of which 308 lived in houses and 93 in apartments; 231 were from urban areas of the State of Mexico and 28 from a rural area of the same state. The total frequency of T. cati eggs obtained from domestic cats in Mexico City was 42.9%; in cats living in apartments it was 18.3% and in cats living in houses it was 50.3%. In domestic cats from the State of Mexico, T. cati frequency was 36.4% in the urban and 21.4% in the rural areas. We consider that toxocariosis frequency observed at the two studied sites is high and that the need to prevent dissemination of the infectious forms of T. cati is urgent, as is the necessity of informing the population of the risk of living with T. cati parasited animals and of the anatomopathological alterations caused by T. cati in man.

  8. Assessing the state of environmental quality in cities - A multi-component urban performance (EMCUP) index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stossel, Zeev; Kissinger, Meidad; Meir, Avinoam

    2015-11-01

    Urban environmental quality indices can provide policy makers and the public with valuable information. However, common assessment tools have several shortcomings: most indices do leave out some important components of the state of urban environmental quality; they use a relative assessment in which urban environmental performance is evaluated relative to other cities, not against established environmental benchmarks; and only a few assessment tools compare urban performance to environmental quality standards. This paper presents a new multi component urban performance (EMCUP) index aiming to tackle those shortcomings. It analyses the overall state of urban environmental quality by using a list of indicators to evaluate key urban environmental quality topics such as air, water, open space, sanitation and solid waste. It presents an absolute score calculated in relation to both the standard and desired optimum levels. The use of the index is demonstrated by three Israeli cities.

  9. Courage under fire: seagrass persistence adjacent to a highly urbanised city-state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaakub, Siti Maryam; McKenzie, Len J; Erftemeijer, Paul L A; Bouma, Tjeerd; Todd, Peter A

    2014-06-30

    Due to increasing development Southeast Asia's coastlines are undergoing massive changes, but the associated impacts on marine habitats are poorly known. Singapore, a densely populated island city-state, is a quintessential example of coastal modification that has resulted in the (hitherto undocumented) loss of seagrass. We reconstructed the historic extent and diversity of local seagrass meadows through herbarium records and backwards extrapolation from contemporary seagrass locations. We also determined the current status of seagrass meadows using long-term monitoring data and identified the main threats to their presence in Singapore. Results show that, even though ∼45% of seagrass has been lost during the last five decades, species diversity remains stable. The main cause of seagrass loss was, and continues to be, land reclamation. We conclude that strict controls on terrestrial runoff and pollution have made it possible for seagrass to persist adjacent to this highly urbanised city-state.

  10. Personal data protection in the Vatican City State: Views on the applicability and enforceability of Italian data protection legislation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario Morelli

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Article subjected to peer reviewSUMMARY: 1. General framework of the applicability of Italian legislation within the Vatican City State - 2. The right to privacy under European and canon law - 3. Applicability and enforceability of the Italian Data Protection Code within the Vatican City State.Abstract: In the Vatican City State no specific laws have been adopted either by the Supreme Pontiff, the Pontifical Commission, or other legitimate Vatican City State authorities in relation to the fundamental right to privacy of natural and legal persons. Canon 220 of the Code of Canon Law refers to the protection of a good reputation and of intimitas, but does not provide for specific or self-contained rules related to personal data protection; it contains only general principles that can (and should be articulated in more specific regulations. Therefore, it seems feasible that the provisions of the Italian Data Protection Code concerning the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the telecommunications sector - as well as any other provision concerning the sector of telecommunications and relevant services, both of landline and mobile networks, in their entirety - should be automatically applicable within the Vatican City State, pursuant to Article 12.1.a.5 of Law no. LXXI on the sources of law of the Vatican City State.Keywords: personal data protection, intimitas, Vatican City State, sources of law

  11. The United States Army and Large Cities Prior to the Global War on Terror

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    extradition of Manuel Noriega , the de facto ruler of Panama, which required elements to operate in Panama City.181 The 193d Infantry Brigade, already forward...designed to shock the government of Panama into handing over Noriega . Combat operations, in which U.S. forces performed with great success, did not last...even during the transition to stability operations.197 Although Manual Noriega himself stated that “…the invasion and its effect and consequence of

  12. Child sexual abuse in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria: a sociological analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omorodion, F I

    1994-01-01

    A study is presented of the reported cases of child rape in Benin City, the capital of Edo State in Nigeria. The conditions that make children, particularly females, more vulnerable to sexual abuse are explored. The organization of family life places children in a dependency cycle that makes rape both inevitable and invisible. Change that is responsive to family needs is more likely to have a positive effect in preventing child rape.

  13. Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Broiler Marketing in Benin City Metropolis, Edo State, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Peter A. EKUNWE; FIONA O. OGBEIDE

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the socio-economic factors influencing broiler marketing in Benin City metropolis, Edo State, Nigeria. Purpose sampling of the three major markets (Oba, Oliha and New Benin markets) in the study area was carried out. Twenty broiler marketers were randomly selected from each of three markets from the sampling frame, making a total of 60 marketers. Questionnaire were administered and scheduled interview conducted to collect all the relevant information from the respondents. ...

  14. Fostering eGovernment as State Social Responsibility (SSR: Case Study of an Australian City Council

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinara Rao Karna

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available           Democracies around the world now face Citizen-apathy. This is a concern now more than ever faced by countries around the globe. eGovernment is undoubtedly a platform to deliberate and enable citizens regain confidence and faith in democratic  processes. Citizens now seek Verifiable, Open, Transparent, Empathetic, Responsive and Sensitive Electronic Democracy and Government (VOTERS EDG, Karna, 2012. Similar to corporate world, there are voices stressing on govenments for the need to understand the stakeholders, their involvement, relationships and responsibilities of a state in eGovernance. Citizens everywhere now demand Verifiable, Open, Transparent, Empathetic, Responsive and Sensitive Electronically Democratic Government as a State Social Responsibity (SSR. Peoples movements and outbursts against authorities with the help of Word of Mouse (Karna, 2012 have established that transparent and open governance is the need of the hour. This paper presents findings of the study conducted in an Australian City Council for preparing the city council for ‘City e-readiness’ to initiate e-Government activities. We propose the idea of ‘Centrality of Citizens’ in context of eGovernment. We further build upon the original concept of deeming eGovernment as ‘State Social Responsibility’ (SSR (Karna, 2010, by governments at all levels.  

  15. Demographic Factors and Risk Indicators of Stroke: Comparison Between Inhabitants of Fortaleza Municipal District and the National Profile Factores demográficos e indicadores de riesgo de accidente vascular encefálico: comparación entre residentes del municipio de Fortaleza con el perfil nacional Fatores demográficos e indicadores de risco de acidente vascular encefálico: comparação entre moradores do município de Fortaleza e o perfil nacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tahissa Frota Cavalcante

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare the demographic factors and the risk indicators for the occurrence of the stroke in the city of Fortaleza with other cities, based on national studies. A transversal study developed with 180 patients who were diagnosed with stroke in nine different public institutions within the period from October 2007 to April 2008. For data collection, a questionnaire was applied by interviewing the patient and/or their companions. The following tests were used for the comparative analysis of epidemiological data: The Chi-Square Test for the adherence and the T-Test for the mean. The patients with stroke evaluated in Fortaleza were younger and had higher rates of hypertension than in the national profile, however, fewer were smokers or consumers of alcohol. It is necessary to increase knowledge about the health of the Brazilian population by region, since there are specific influential factors in the occurrence of stroke.El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar factores demográficos e indicadores de riesgo para el aparecimiento del accidente vascular encefálico (AVE entre el municipio de Fortaleza y otros municipios, con base en estudios nacionales. Estudio transversal desarrollado con 180 pacientes que presentaron el diagnóstico de AVE, en el período de octubre de 2007 a abril de 2008. Los pacientes fueron captados en nueve instituciones públicas. Para la recolección de datos, se aplicó un formulario por medio de entrevista al paciente y/o acompañante. Para análisis comparativo de los datos epidemiológicos fueron utilizados las siguientes pruebas estadísticas: Chi-cuadrado para adherencia y prueba t para promedio. Los portadores de AVE evaluados en Fortaleza son más jóvenes y presentaron mayores índices de hipertensión arterial. En contrapartida, son menos alcohólicos y tabaquistas. Concluimos que es necesario ampliar el conocimiento sobre la salud de la población brasileña estratificada por regiones, ya

  16. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 FileGDB 10.1

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  17. Insertion of occupational therapists in the support centers for family health of Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Reis

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Today, Family Health Support Centers (FHSC characterize new environment for the activity of occupational therapists in Primary Health Care. Aiming to understand this new insertion we carried out a descriptive study of qualitative nature. Through a focus group, we obtained data on the subject from 13 occupation therapists that have worked in FHSCs in the municipality of Fortaleza, Ceará state, Brazil. The material obtained was categorized by thematic analysis and interpreted based on collective health and occupation therapy frameworks. The results and discussion converged to the categories of (1 Insertion of occupational therapists in the FHSNs studied, and (2 Working conditions: a place characterized by fragilities and overcoming. Our findings point to the need to establish a common agenda between FHSN professionals and Family Health Strategy teams; difficulties in establishing bonds between the supporters and the supported in the work process; working precariousness and material shortage. The encounter of such professionals potentiated reflections about the working processes and the exchange of experiences, raising awareness to new perspectives for occupational therapy in Primary Health Care and to the need to make these professionals’ performances in this specific context more public.

  18. Definition of Smart Energy City and State of the art of 6 Transform cities using Key Performance Indicators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Per Sieverts; Ben Amer, Sara; Halsnæs, Kirsten

    2013-01-01

    assets, ambitions, targets and main possibilities in terms of energy efficiency, flows and energy production. After this first step, the work focuses on the description of what a smart energy city is (this report), what the main Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are that should be met and how...... this relates to where the current cities and the living labs are. It describes at the same time the current status of city planning, energy planning tools, and existing energy data. The outline should also include information on energy production, energy flows and energy efficiency, where possible. The work...

  19. Comprehensive Evaluation of Unsafe State of Arable Land Resources:A Case Study of Chengdu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li; DENG; Jin; WEI

    2013-01-01

    We establish the unsafe state indicator system reflecting the unsafe state of arable land within the scope of the city. Using analytic hierarchy process and entropy method,we determine the weight of indicator; using linear weighted method,we conduct comprehensive evaluation of unsafe operation of arable land resource system in Chengdu City during the period 1999-2010. Through the unsafe state analysis,we draw the following conclusion: the share of arable land area in total land area,effective irrigation area,the area of low-yielding field,application rate of chemical fertilizer per unit area of arable land,and application rate of pesticide per unit area of arable land,are the key factors for easing the unsafe state in the short term. Finally we put forth the following recommendations: strengthening profound understanding of the seriousness of unsafe state of arable land; strengthening the basic arable land protection; continuing to tap the quality enhancement potential of arable land; consistently implementing the guideline and policy of " Combination of Use and Maintenance" .

  20. Diagnóstico da geração e da composição dos RCD de Fortaleza/CE Generation and composition diagnosis of C&D waste of Fortaleza/CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elane Dias de Oliveira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho objetivou apresentar os resultados de um diagnóstico anual da geração e da composição dos resíduos de construção e demolição de Fortaleza. Durante 12 meses, foram colhidas informações das empresas coletoras e da prefeitura, tais como a quantidade e o preço do metro cúbico do entulho coletado e o destino dado a ele. Foram ainda coletadas amostras de resíduos de construção e demolição nos locais de descarte licenciados pela prefeitura. Os resultados apontam que os locais licenciados recebem em média 702 toneladas.dia-1, sendo que a composição desses resíduos de construção e demolição é, em média, de 65% de restos de argamassa, concreto e material cerâmico. Constatou-se também que grande parte desse tipo de resíduo é descartado ilegalmente, sendo que os dois principais aterros irregulares somam uma área aproximada de 26 hectares. Estima-se que esse sistema movimenta R$ 4,5 milhões anualmente e que quase metade desse montante é aportado somente pela Prefeitura Municipal.This article aimed to present the results of an annual diagnosis of generation and composition of Fortaleza’s construction and demolition waste. During 12 months CDW collection companies’ and the city hall’ information were researched, such as the amount and the price of the cubic meter of the collected wastes and the destiny given to them. Samples of construction and demolition waste were either collected at the licensed disposal places. The results point that licensed places receive 702 tons.day-1, on average, and the composition of this construction and demolition waste is made, on average, by 65% of mortar, concrete and ceramic material. It was also verified that great part of this waste is discarded illegally, and the two main irregular disposal sites have an approximate area of 26 hectares. It is estimated that system costs approximately R$4.5 million annually and almost half of this amount is paid only by

  1. La fortaleza mental en deportistas de alto rendimiento con deficiencia visual

    OpenAIRE

    Urrea Cuéllar, Ángela María

    2015-01-01

    Programa de doctorado: Comportamiento humano en contextos deportivos, de ejercicio y actividad física [ES]La presente tesis doctoral se orienta al análisis de las distintas características psicológicas de la fortaleza mental como son el autoconcepto físico, la resiliencia, el compromiso deportivo, la motivación y el optimismo en el deporte de competición en deportistas con discapacidad visual y la relación de dichos atributos de la fortaleza mental en deportistas con discapacidad visual. ...

  2. [Access to medical appointments by men with sexually transmitted diseases at a health unit in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araújo, Maria Alix Leite; Leitão, Glória da Conceição Mesquita

    2005-01-01

    Access to healthcare services is one of the important aspects of the Unified National Health System in Brazil, and the supply and management of such services is the responsibility of municipalities. This study focuses on difficulties faced by men with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in accessing appointments for treatment. This was a qualitative study of men treated at an STD clinic in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil, in November 2003, using content analysis technique and interpretation of interviews, focusing on access as the category. Men with STDs encountered extensive difficulty in accessing medical appointments, even when they used different strategies for this purpose. Scheduling of services is incompatible with patients' available time. At the primary care level, the supply of appointments for STDs scarcely exists. More investment is needed in the Unified National Health System in order to improve access to appointments for men with STDs, and the supply of services should take the population's demand into account.

  3. Qualitative evidence on abortion stigma from Mexico City and five states in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorhaindo, Annik M; Juárez-Ramírez, Clara; Díaz Olavarrieta, Claudia; Aldaz, Evelyn; Mejía Piñeros, María Consuelo; Garcia, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    Social manifestations of abortion stigma depend upon cultural, legal, and religious context. Abortion stigma in Mexico is under-researched. This study explored the sources, experiences, and consequences of stigma from the perspectives of women who had had an abortion, male partners, and members of the general population in different regional and legal contexts. We explored abortion stigma in Mexico City where abortion is legal in the first trimester and five states-Chihuahua, Chiapas, Jalisco, Oaxaca, and Yucatán-where abortion remains restricted. In each state, we conducted three focus groups-men ages 24-40 years (n = 36), women 25-40 years (n = 37), and young women ages 18-24 years (n = 27)-and four in-depth face-to-face interviews in total; two with women (n = 12) and two with the male partners of women who had had an abortion (n = 12). For 4 of the 12 women, this was their second abortion. This exploratory study suggests that abortion stigma was influenced by norms that placed a high value on motherhood and a conservative Catholic discourse. Some participants in this study described abortion as an "indelible mark" on a woman's identity and "divine punishment" as a consequence. Perspectives encountered in Mexico City often differed from the conservative postures in the states.

  4. Seroprevalence of leptospirosis in stray dogs from Patos city, state of Paraíba, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina de Sousa Américo Batista

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed to survey the prevalence of leptospirosis in stray dogs from Patos city, state of Paraíba, Brazil. This study was held during the period of February to April of 2003, when 130 serum samples were collected. The diagnostic method run for leptospirosis was the microscopic agglutination test, using a batch of 22 leptospiral serovars. The most prevalent serovars were found crossing the results of frequency and titer of agglutinins. The results obtained indicated a prevalence of 20% and most frequent reactant serovars were autumnalis (20%, pomona (17,5%, grippotyphosa (10% e patoc (10%.

  5. Ergonyms of Educational and Cultural spheres in two of Baltic States cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solvita Pošeiko

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Daugavpils (Latvia and Narva (Estonia are cities in the Baltic States and significant cultural and economic centres of their respective countries. These cities are characterized by a minority of nationals (19.8% of residents of Daugavpils are Latvian, 4% of residents of Narva are Estonian and a similar linguistic situation: there is a dominance of Russian in the press, television and radio, but the state language prevails in the urban language signs. The aim of the study is to analyse the linguistic and extralinguistic means used for the creation of ergonyms of educational and cultural spheres. The main criteria for the analysis are: language choice, grammatical structures, sources of precedent and semantic groups. The data for this study were collected in city websites. Some conclusions: 1 Mixed proper names (the direct name and symbolical name prevail: in Daugavpils there are more mixed names in the field of education, while in Narva there are more mixed names in the culture sphere. Onymization of nomenclature names can be observed. 2 Ergonyms are mostly created in the official language. In Narva, there is explicit use of Russian (directly as the first/second or third language and indirectly – in transliteration. 3 In symbolical names, there are more lexemes representing or characterizing wildlife, while in Narva also the potential of mythology, literature and cinema is used. Denotative precedent is more often found in the names of informal educational institutions and the cultural sphere, connotative precedent – in the names of kindergartens. 4 In general, it must be concluded that the specific things characteristic to the local environment are used more often in Narva, while respecting the unique experience of minorities.

  6. Dermatophytes and saprobe fungi isolated from dogs and cats in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paixão G.C.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The possible involvement of saprobe fungi in dermatomycoses, as well as the determination of the incidence of dermatophytes in dogs and cats were studied. During a period of one year, 74 dogs and 18 cats, with cutaneous lesions suggesting mycoses were included in this study. The mycological analyses were conducted by direct microscopy and by fungal culture on Sabouraud agar, chloramphenicol Sabouraud agar and mycosel agar. Of the 92 samples, 21 resulted in positive cultures for dermatophytes. Dermatophyte fungi pure cultures were obtained from 13 samples. A simultaneous growth of dermatophytes plus saprobe fungi was observed in 8 of the samples. Of the remaining 71 samples, no fungal growth was observed in 10 samples, and at minimum the growth of one saprobe fungi in 61. One, two and three genera of saprobe fungi were isolated in 29, 30 and 2 samples, respectively. Microsporum canis was isolated in 6 (28.6 % and 10 samples (47.6 % from cats and dogs, respectively, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes in 2 (9.5 % and 3 samples (14.3 % from cats and dogs, respectively. The following genera of saprobe fungi were also isolated: Alternaria sp (1.9%, Chaetomium sp (1.9%, Rhizopus sp (2.9%, Curvularia sp (3.9%, Candida sp (6.8%, Trichoderma sp (6.8%, Fusarium sp (7.8%, Cladosporium sp (8.7%, Penicillium sp (21.4% and Aspergillus sp (37.9%.

  7. Genetic Structure of the Invasive Tree Ailanthus altissima in Eastern United States Cities

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    Preston R. Aldrich

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ailanthus altissima is an invasive tree from Asia. It now occurs in most US states, and although primarily an urban weed, it has become a problem in forested areas especially in the eastern states. Little is known about its genetic structure. We explore its naturalized gene pool from 28 populations, mostly of the eastern US where infestations are especially severe. Five microsatellite markers were used to examine presumed neutral genetic variation. Results show a gene pool that is moderately diverse and sexually active and has significant but small genetic differences among populations and little correspondence between geographic and genetic distance. These findings are consistent with a model of multiple introductions followed by high rates of gene exchange between cities and regions. We propose movement along road and railway systems as the chief mode of range expansion.

  8. [Urban Health (StadtGesundheit): The Wider Perspective Exemplified by the City State of Hamburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fehr, R; Fertmann, R; Stender, K-P; Lettau, N; Trojan, A

    2016-09-01

    Public health and city planning have common roots, and in many places they are now reuniting under the heading of urban health. To organize this field adequately requires a broad, integrative view of medical care, health promotion, and health in all urban policies. Given current crises and developments including climate change and globalization, such a wider perspective should also be useful for Germany. Using the City State of Hamburg as an example and combining historic and systematic approaches, we explore the preconditions for in-depth analyses. Our results show that health is a significant topic of Hamburg urban policy, featuring a broad range of structures, processes and actors, both within the health sector and far beyond. Health promotion over the last 30 years evolved notably from a niche topic into an established field with remarkable cooperative structures. The tradition of comprehensive reporting on urban health in Hamburg that was initiated more than 200 years ago is no longer alive today. However, local health reporting keeps integrating a wide range of diverse topics. Communication among the Hamburg health actors - beyond straightforward medical quality assurance - does not seem to focus on critical evaluations, e. g. concerning social and ecologic sustainability. A prerequisite for in-depth analyses including external comparisons is to secure permanent access to relevant sources. Robust approaches to this end, however, seem to be lacking.

  9. Birds in an urban area of Ipatinga city, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Loures-Ribeiro

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The development of urban areas results in changes of natural landscapes, including the creation of several artificial environments. Thus, many animals find new opportunities for survival in these areas. This study aimed to obtain information about the richness, composition, and frequency of occurrence of the trophic guilds of an urban avian community in Ipatinga city, Minas Gerais State, followed by a general description. Between August 2005 and July 2006, 81 days were spent in sampling. From the method of direct observation, 57 species were recorded. The richness estimate for the area was 74.86 species (Chao2. The number of species between rainy and dry periods did not differ (p>0.05. Trophic guilds remained with a ratio of relatively similar species throughout the year, with a predominance of the omnivores and insectivores. Species such as Pitangus sulphuratus, Furnarius rufus and Sicalis flaveola were favored in the open areas. Two exotic species, Columba livia and Passer domesticus, were abundant. These results emphasize the necessity of the existence of natural areas within the urban context, considering not only the protection of the wildlife, but also the improvement of the quality of life in the cities.

  10. Assessing the edible city: Environmental implications of urban agriculture in the Northeast United States

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goldstein, Benjamin Paul

    One of the pivotal environmental challenges in the coming decades will be feeding an increasingly wealthy and populated planet in a sustainable manner. As industrialization and concomitant urbanization aects hitherto peripheral economies, much of this challenge will depend on the ability to support...... the nutritional demands of a global urban population in a fashion aligned with the biophysical capacity of the planet. Amongst the myriad of solutions proposed to guide humanity towards more environmentally sustainable food system, co-locating food production and consumption in cities is an area that has seen...... signicant action in research, design and practice. In the Northeast United States, where per capita diets are amongst the most environmentally intensive globally, there is a growing interest in local food production as a way to reduce the ecological burdens of food demand. Urban farms and pro...

  11. Retrospective on 20 Years of Friendship-City Ties Between Yangzhou and Kent, Washington State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang; Le

    2014-01-01

    <正>This year marks the 20th anniversary of the establishment of friendship-city relations between Kent,a satellite city of Seattle with a population of 92,000 and covering an area of 34.19 square miles,and Yangzhou.Kent was the third foreign city to make such arrangement with the central-eastern Chinese city.Friendship and Exchanges of Gifts Yangzhou started

  12. Arquitectura militar y aspectos constructivos de las fortalezas bajomedievales. Origen, función, contexto y evolución de las fortalezas de Altamira, Vimianzo y Cira

    OpenAIRE

    Galbán Malagón, Carlos J.

    2011-01-01

    [spa] El análisis de las fortalezas medievales debe tener en cuenta los diferentes aspectos que componen tanto las características físicas como simbólicas de una fortificación en su contexto histórico y territorial. No obstante, no siempre es posible hallar ejemplos que sinteticen en su historia y materialidad las tendencias generales de un territorio. En este caso se ciñe el trabajo a tres fortificaciones significativas dentro de la Baja Edad Media gallega pero analizando previamente todos a...

  13. Arquitectura militar y aspectos constructivos de las fortalezas bajomedievales. Origen, función, contexto y evolución de las fortalezas de Altamira, Vimianzo y Cira

    OpenAIRE

    Galbán Malagón, Carlos J.

    2011-01-01

    [spa] El análisis de las fortalezas medievales debe tener en cuenta los diferentes aspectos que componen tanto las características físicas como simbólicas de una fortificación en su contexto histórico y territorial. No obstante, no siempre es posible hallar ejemplos que sinteticen en su historia y materialidad las tendencias generales de un territorio. En este caso se ciñe el trabajo a tres fortificaciones significativas dentro de la Baja Edad Media gallega pero analizando previamente todos a...

  14. Analysis on Green Agriculture Policy during the Development of Eco-city in European Countries and the United States and Policy Recommendations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li; QIN; Yang; QI

    2014-01-01

    Ecological agriculture is the important industrial foundation for building eco-cities,while green agriculture policy plays an essential role in promoting sustainable development of ecological agriculture. This paper analyzed the relationship between green agriculture policy and developing eco-cities and characteristics of green agriculture policies in European countries and the United States developing ecological cities.Besides,it summarized experience,in hope of providing beneficial reference for China developing eco-cities.

  15. CAPTURING STATESTRENGTH: EXPERIMENTAL AND ECONOMETRIC APPROACHES Capturando la fortaleza del Estado: Aproximaciones econométricas y experimentales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARCUS J KURTZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available While almost all definitions of the state and state capacity (or stateness derive at their core from a Weberian emphasis on the characteristics of institutions, the dominant measures of this concept rely instead on subjective, perceptions-based indicators. We propose an alternative strategy rooted in direct experimentation and econometric modeling to develop objective measures of the strength of state institutions, both for a contemporary cross section, but also (for the latter for cross-time historical data essential for tracking the development of institutions.Aunque casi todas las definiciones de Estado y capacidad estatal (o estatalidad derivan del énfasis weberiano en las características de las instituciones, las mediciones de este concepto que predominan descansan, sin embargo, en indicadores subjetivos basados en percepciones. Este trabajo propone una estrategia alternativa basada en experimentación directa y modelización econométrica para desarrollar medidas objetivas de la fortaleza de las instituciones estatales, no sólo para un análisis cross-section contemporáneo, sino también (para la segunda para datos históricos cross-time esenciales para rastrear el desarrollo de las instituciones.

  16. Acesso ao serviço de emergência pelos usuários com crise hipertensiva em um hospital de Fortaleza, CE, Brasil Aceso al servicio de urgencia por clientes con crisis de presión alta en un hospital de Fortaleza, CE, Brasil Access to the emergency service by clients with hipertensive crisis in a hospital in Fortaleza, CE, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Célia Caetano de Souza

    2009-08-01

    ámetros importantes en la calidad de la atención.A hypertensive crisis is a sudden and symptomatic elevatation of blood pressure at risk of acute deterioration of target organs. Although the prevalence in the literature of the burden is 1%, the risk of complications and death associated with the problem of health in the emergency services have revealed the need for deeper issues related to access to the service of health. It is a quantitative and descriptive research, held in a public hospital Fortaleza city, between April and July of 2006, with 118 patients. The results show that people with hypertensive crisis has sought health services, especially the emergency, in order to get care. The study indicates access as a key element in meeting the needs of users who seek the services of health, and the waiting time, the resolution and the reception, important parameters on the quality of care.

  17. Sobrepeso entre adolescentes de escolas particulares de Fortaleza, CE, Brasil Sobrepeso entre adolescentes de escuelas privadas de Fortaleza, CE, Brasil Overweight among adolescents from private schools in Fortaleza, CE, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcio Flávio Moura Araújo

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo da pesquisa foi identificar casos de excesso de peso em adolescentes de escolas particulares de Fortaleza - Brasil. Foram investigados 794 estudantes entre 12 e 17 anos de idade, de 12 escolas privadas, nos meses de março-junho e agosto-setembro de 2007. A prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade foi, respectivamente, de 20% e 4%. O sobrepeso foi maior, e duplicado os casos de obesidade, naqueles que mantinham o hábito de assistir tevê durante as refeições (p= 0, 000. Cerca de 28% dos jovens ativos apresentavam excesso de peso (p El objetivo de la investigación fue identificar los casos de sobrepeso en adolescentes de escuelas privadas de Fortaleza-Brasil. Fueron investigados 794 estudiantes entre 12 y 17 años, de 12 escuelas privadas, en los meses de marzo-junio y agosto-septiembre de 2007. La prevalencia de sobrepeso y obsedidad fue de 20% y 4%, respectivamente. La acumulación de peso fue mayor y los casos de obesidad fue dos veces más, en los que tenían la costumbre de asistir a la tele al alimentarse (p= 0, 000. Sobre 28% de los jóvenes que practicaban actividad física regularmente presentaban sobrepeso (p The purpose of the study was to identify cases of overweight among adolescents in private schools in Fortaleza, Brazil. We investigated 794 students between 12 and 17 years old from 12 private schools, in the months March to June and August-September 2007. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 20% and 4%, respectively. Among the young people who watch TV while eat, the weight accumulated was higher and the cases of obesity was the double (p = 0, 000. About 28% of people who practiced regular physical activity were overweight (p <0, 001. In the fight against adolescent adiposity, to the nursing is primarily the preventive actions, because attenuate various pathological effects related to the accumulation of body weight.

  18. Water availability and vulnerability of 225 large cities in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padowski, Julie C.; Jawitz, James W.

    2012-12-01

    This study presents a quantitative national assessment of urban water availability and vulnerability for 225 U.S. cities with population greater than 100,000. Here, the urban assessments account for not only renewable water flows, but also the extracted, imported, and stored water that urban systems access through constructed infrastructure. These sources represent important hydraulic components of the urban water supply, yet are typically excluded from water scarcity assessments. Results from this hydraulic-based assessment were compared to those obtained using a more conventional method that estimates scarcity solely based on local renewable flows. The inclusion of hydraulic components increased the mean availability to cities, leading to a significantly lower portion of the total U.S. population considered "at risk" for water scarcity (17%) than that obtained from the runoff method (47%). Water vulnerability was determined based on low-flow conditions, and smaller differences were found for this metric between at-risk populations using the runoff (66%) and hydraulic-based (54%) methods. The large increase in the susceptible population between the scarcity measures evaluated using the hydraulic method may better reconcile the seeming contradiction in the United States between perceptions of natural water abundance and widespread water scarcity. Additionally, urban vulnerability measures developed here were validated using a media text analysis. Vulnerability assessments that included hydraulic components were found to correlate with the frequency of urban water scarcity reports in the popular press while runoff-based measures showed no significant correlation, suggesting that hydraulic-based assessments provide better context for understanding the nature and severity of urban water scarcity issues.

  19. Youth and citizenship: usage of digital media at the NGO Aldeia, in Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Cogo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the citizen communication processestissues by young working in association Aldeia, in Fortaleza, Ceará. Theresearch is theoretical studies of social movements, digital media and citizencommunication. Selected as a result of the research, three aspects of the uses oftechnology by Aldeia young participants: 1 the absence of greater criticality inreading the media; 2 the complementarity between analog and digital media;and 3 the demand for professionalism

  20. 78 FR 6832 - Notice of Mailing Address Change for the Utah State Office, Salt Lake City, UT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Notice of Mailing Address Change for the Utah State Office, Salt Lake City, UT AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The mailing address for the...

  1. Las fortalezas en personas mayores como factor que aumenta el bienestar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Encarnación Ramírez-Fernández

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available En las últimas décadas se ha incrementado el estudio de las fortalezas psicológicas como factor que afecta al bienestar. Éstas pueden ser consideradas como un subconjunto de rasgos de personalidad a los que se otorga un valor moral, definiéndose como cualidades naturales que las personas están intrínsecamente motivada a utilizar porque aumentan la calidad de vida. Las investigaciones demuestran que actúan como factores de protección y prevención de la psicopatología y de los problemas de conducta en las diferentes etapas evolutivas. Hay fortalezas que son más relevantes en personas mayores y su entrenamiento estaría dirigido a influir sobre el comportamiento y el funcionamiento emocional con el objetivo de aumentar la satisfacción con la vida. En el presente trabajo se analizan las fortalezas que predominan en adultos mayores y se propone un programa de intervención para potenciarlas con la finalidad de mejorar su salud y calidad de vida. Se trata de una propuesta novedosa ya que, hasta el momento, las intervenciones en este ámbito han ido encaminadas a paliar diferentes problemas tanto de manera aislada como complemento de terapias de tipo más tradicional pero no como prevención de la aparición de trastornos habituales en edades avanzadas.

  2. ESTUDO DA NASALIDADE NA CIDADE DE FORTALEZA, NUMA PERSPECTIVA PERCEPTUAL E FONÉTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karine Oliveira Capistrano

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar a nasalidade nos sujeitos de Fortaleza, numa perspectiva perceptual e fonética. Foi realizada uma pesquisa qualiquantitativa transversal, da qual participaram 40 sujeitos nascidos em Fortaleza, sendo 20 moradores na comunidade do Dendê e 20 professores universitários. Todos com idade variando entre 20 e 40 anos. A grande maioria dos sujeitos da pesquisa apresentou ressonância nasal. Foneticamente, a assimilação da nasalidade foi comprovada nas vogais tônicas nasalizadas, enquanto houve grande variação individual na nasalização das vogais pretônicas, caracterizando assim uma variante lingüística na cidade de Fortaleza. Assim, pode-se considerar que a presença de nasalização de vogais esteve relacionada à percepção da ressonância nasal em ambos os grupos. Palavras-chave: Fala, Fonoaudiologia, Fonética.

  3. State Sport Policy and Voluntary Sport Clubs: the Case of the Norwegian Sports City Program as Social Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Skille, Eivind Å.

    2009-01-01

    This article scrutinizes the relationship between state policy and voluntary sport clubs. While the latter development is to consider sport as social policy, the case of the Norwegian Sports City Program (SCP) was initiated by the state and implemented by voluntary and competitively orientated sport organizations. The research question concerns whether the logic of integration in social policy is compatible with the logic of competition in sport. With new institutionalism as the theoretical f...

  4. Prevalence of hypothyroidism in pregnancy: An epidemiological study from 11 cities in 9 states of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhanwal, Dinesh Kumar; Bajaj, Sarita; Rajput, Rajesh; Subramaniam, K A V; Chowdhury, Subhankar; Bhandari, Rajendra; Dharmalingam, Mala; Sahay, Rakesh; Ganie, Ashraf; Kotwal, Narendra; Shriram, Usha

    2016-01-01

    A previous hospital based study from Delhi revealed a high prevalence of hypothyroidism in pregnant women. Several other studies with small sample size also indicate a rising trend of prevalence of hypothyroidism during pregnancy in India. To assess prevalence of hypothyroidism in pregnant women from various states/cities across India. This was a cross-sectional multicenter study conducted at Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh), Bengaluru (Karnataka), Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Kolkata (West Bengal), Hyderabad (Telangana), Nasik (Maharashtra), Rohtak (Haryana), Pune (Maharashtra), New Delhi (Delhi), Srinagar (Kashmir), and Vizag (Andhra Pradesh) enrolling 2599 pregnant women. Estimation of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free T4, and antithyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies was carried out using Roche modular kit using ECLIA technology in a central laboratory. We found in our study population that 13.13% of pregnant women have hypothyroidism (n = 388), using a cutoff TSH level of 4.5 μIU/ml. This prevalence was much higher using the American Thyroid Association criteria. Anti-TPO antibodies were positive in 20.74% of all pregnant women (n = 613), whereas 40% (n = 155) of hypothyroid pregnant women were positive for anti-TPO antibodies. This study concludes that there is a high prevalence of hypothyroidism (13.13%), majority being subclinical in pregnant women during the first trimester from India and universal screening of hypothyroidism may be desirable in our country.

  5. Knowledge of Abortion Laws and Services Among Low-Income Women in Three United States Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara, Diana; Holt, Kelsey; Peña, Melanie; Grossman, Daniel

    2015-12-01

    Low-income women and women of color are disproportionately affected by unintended pregnancy. Lack of knowledge of abortion laws and services is one of several factors likely to hinder access to services, though little research has documented knowledge in this population. Survey with convenience sample of 1,262 women attending primary care or full-scope Ob/Gyn clinics serving low-income populations in three large cities and multivariable analyses with four knowledge outcomes. Among all participants, 53% were first-generation immigrants, 25% identified the correct gestational age limit, 41% identified state parental consent laws, 67% knew partner consent is not required, and 55% knew where to obtain abortion services. In multivariable analysis, first-generation immigrants and primarily Spanish speakers were significantly less likely than higher-generation or primarily English speakers to display correct knowledge. Design and evaluation of strategies to improve knowledge about abortion, particularly among migrant women and non-primary English speakers, is needed.

  6. Prevalence of hypothyroidism in pregnancy: An epidemiological study from 11 cities in 9 states of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinesh Kumar Dhanwal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: A previous hospital based study from Delhi revealed a high prevalence of hypothyroidism in pregnant women. Several other studies with small sample size also indicate a rising trend of prevalence of hypothyroidism during pregnancy in India. Objective: To assess prevalence of hypothyroidism in pregnant women from various states/cities across India. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional multicenter study conducted at Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh, Bengaluru (Karnataka, Chennai (Tamil Nadu, Kolkata (West Bengal, Hyderabad (Telangana, Nasik (Maharashtra, Rohtak (Haryana, Pune (Maharashtra, New Delhi (Delhi, Srinagar (Kashmir, and Vizag (Andhra Pradesh enrolling 2599 pregnant women. Estimation of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH, free T4, and antithyroid peroxidase (TPO antibodies was carried out using Roche modular kit using ECLIA technology in a central laboratory. Results: We found in our study population that 13.13% of pregnant women have hypothyroidism (n = 388, using a cutoff TSH level of 4.5 μIU/ml. This prevalence was much higher using the American Thyroid Association criteria. Anti-TPO antibodies were positive in 20.74% of all pregnant women (n = 613, whereas 40% (n = 155 of hypothyroid pregnant women were positive for anti-TPO antibodies. Conclusion: This study concludes that there is a high prevalence of hypothyroidism (13.13%, majority being subclinical in pregnant women during the first trimester from India and universal screening of hypothyroidism may be desirable in our country.

  7. Sources of bacteria in outdoor air across cities in the midwestern United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Robert M; Sullivan, Amy P; Costello, Elizabeth K; Collett, Jeff L; Knight, Rob; Fierer, Noah

    2011-09-01

    Bacteria are abundant in the atmosphere, where they often represent a major portion of the organic aerosols. Potential pathogens of plants and livestock are commonly dispersed through the atmosphere, and airborne bacteria can have important effects on human health as pathogens or triggers of allergic asthma and seasonal allergies. Despite their importance, the diversity and biogeography of airborne microorganisms remain poorly understood. We used high-throughput pyrosequencing to analyze bacterial communities present in the aerosol fraction containing fine particulate matter of ≤2.5 μm from 96 near-surface atmospheric samples collected from cities throughout the midwestern United States and found that the communities are surprisingly diverse and strongly affected by the season. We also directly compared the airborne communities to those found in hundreds of samples representing potential source environments. We show that, in addition to the more predictable sources (soils and leaf surfaces), fecal material, most likely dog feces, often represents an unexpected source of bacteria in the atmosphere at more urbanized locations during the winter. Airborne bacteria are clearly an important, but understudied, component of air quality that needs to be better integrated into efforts to measure and model pollutants in the atmosphere.

  8. El castillo de Portilla (Zambrana, Álava: Origen y significado de una fortaleza plenomedieval en territorio alavés (siglos XI-XII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Luis Solaun Bustinza, Agustín Azkarate Garai-Olaun

    2016-01-01

    Las recientes investigaciones arqueológicas efectuadas en esta fortaleza han permitido conocer mejor su origen y significado. Las evidencias apuntan a que la actual fortaleza, construida entre principios del siglo XI y mediados del siglo XII, estuvo bajo titularidad real, aunque fue gestionada por importantes aristocracias locales y regionales, siendo testigo de las complejas relaciones entre el poder público y privado y, obviamente, de la multiplicidad de funciones que esta fortaleza pudo desempeñar.

  9. Virtual Modeling for Cities of the Future. State-Of Art and Virtual Modeling for Cities of the Future. State-Of Art AN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valencia, J.; Muñoz-Nieto, A.; Rodriguez-Gonzalvez, P.

    2015-02-01

    3D virtual modeling, visualization, dissemination and management of urban areas is one of the most exciting challenges that must face geomatics in the coming years. This paper aims to review, compare and analyze the new technologies, policies and software tools that are in progress to manage urban 3D information. It is assumed that the third dimension increases the quality of the model provided, allowing new approaches to urban planning, conservation and management of architectural and archaeological areas. Despite the fact that displaying 3D urban environments is an issue nowadays solved, there are some challenges to be faced by geomatics in the coming future. Displaying georeferenced linked information would be considered the first challenge. Another challenge to face is to improve the technical requirements if this georeferenced information must be shown in real time. Are there available software tools ready for this challenge? Are they useful to provide services required in smart cities? Throughout this paper, many practical examples that require 3D georeferenced information and linked data will be shown. Computer advances related to 3D spatial databases and software that are being developed to convert rendering virtual environment to a new enriched environment with linked information will be also analyzed. Finally, different standards that Open Geospatial Consortium has assumed and developed regarding the three-dimensional geographic information will be reviewed. Particular emphasis will be devoted on KML, LandXML, CityGML and the new IndoorGML.

  10. Ações de prevenção dos acidentes e violências em crianças e adolescentes, desenvolvidas pelo setor público de saúde de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil Measures developed by the public health system to prevent accidents and violence in children and adolescents in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augediva Maria Jucá Pordeus

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata das ações de prevenção de acidentes e violências, desenvolvidas pelo setor público de saúde de Fortaleza, Estado do Ceará, Brasil. Originou-se da necessidade sentida pelas autoras diante das estatísticas de mortalidade por estas causas na infância e adolescência, que parecia não haver por parte do setor público de saúde ações de prevenção. Realizamos um levantamento junto aos gerentes das Coordenadorias de Saúde das seis Secretarias Executivas Regionais (SER, setores geográficos onde está organizada a rede de saúde de Fortaleza, por meio da aplicação de questionário. O levantamento mostrou que as ações desenvolvidas são pontuais, não existindo como política de saúde, visto que ocorrem na forma de campanhas, têm como foco principal a educação em saúde voltada para a prevenção do uso de álcool e outras drogas ilícitas, violência e acidentes domésticos e delinqüência juvenil. Apenas na SER-I existia parceria com outros setores nas atividades desenvolvidas. Concluímos que o setor público de saúde de Fortaleza, necessita incorporar em sua agenda a prevenção de acidentes e violências na infância e adolescência, utilizando a intersetorialidade e somando esforços para que o conhecimento até agora adquirido sobre a prevenção destes agravos se transforme em realidade.This article deals with measures developed by the public health system to prevent accidents and violence in children in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. The program resulted from the need perceived by the authors in light of statistics on mortality from external causes in childhood and adolescence and the fact that there was apparently no preventive action being taken by the public health system. We conducted a questionnaire-based survey of health administrators in the six Regional Executive Secretariats (SERs corresponding to the geographic districts in which the health system is divided in Fortaleza. According to the

  11. Hábitos alimentares de adolescentes de escolas públicas de Fortaleza, CE, Brasil Hábitos alimenticios de adolescentes de escuelas públicas en Fortaleza, CE, Brasil The feeding habits of adolescents from public schools in Fortaleza, CE, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Roberta Vilarouca da Silva

    2009-02-01

    food habits of adolescents from public schools in Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. Seven hunndred students age ranging from14 to 19 years-old were interviewed from twelve education institutions by means of a structured form. From the usual food consumed the energetic rice and bread were highlighted, consumed by 95.8% and 85.2% of the adolescents, respectively (p=0.0001. Within constructor food, meat and beans are ingested by 60.6% and 75.0%, respectively (p=0.0001. Regulative food like fruit and vegetables do not have a usual consumption among adolescents, since just (34.3% and (47.6% respectively consume them (p=0.0001 and p=0.226. An unbalance in proper nutrient ingestion for the adolescence was stated, favoring overweight and, consequently, chronic diseases like mellitus diabetes.

  12. Assessment of collection schemes for packaging and other recyclable waste in European Union-28 Member States and capital cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seyring, Nicole; Dollhofer, Marie; Weißenbacher, Jakob; Bakas, Ioannis; McKinnon, David

    2016-09-01

    The Waste Framework Directive obliged European Union Member States to set up separate collection systems to promote high quality recycling for at least paper, metal, plastic and glass by 2015. As implementation of the requirement varies across European Union Member States, the European Commission contracted BiPRO GmbH/Copenhagen Resource Institute to assess the separate collection schemes in the 28 European Union Member States, focusing on capital cities and on metal, plastic, glass (with packaging as the main source), paper/cardboard and bio-waste. The study includes an assessment of the legal framework for, and the practical implementation of, collection systems in the European Union-28 Member States and an in depth-analysis of systems applied in all capital cities. It covers collection systems that collect one or more of the five waste streams separately from residual waste/mixed municipal waste at source (including strict separation, co-mingled systems, door-to-door, bring-point collection and civic amenity sites). A scoreboard including 13 indicators is elaborated in order to measure the performance of the systems with the capture rates as key indicators to identify best performers. Best performance are by the cities of Ljubljana, Helsinki and Tallinn, leading to the key conclusion that door-to-door collection, at least for paper and bio-waste, and the implementation of pay-as-you-throw schemes results in high capture and thus high recycling rates of packaging and other municipal waste.

  13. Occurrence of imposex in Thais haemastoma: possible evidence of environmental contamination derived from organotin compounds in Rio de Janeiro and Fortaleza, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernandez Marcos Antonio

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available There are indications that the widespread use of organotin compounds (TBT and TPT as antifoulings, as stabilizers in plastic and as pesticides, has severely affected several species of marine organisms. The most striking effect of TBT and TPT as hormonal disruptors is the development of male organs in females of gastropods, currently denominated imposex. This syndrome can lead to the sterilization and death of affected organisms. The present work gives an overview of the present state of knowledge on imposex occurrence and reports results of a survey conducted in Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro and in several sites along the coast of Fortaleza, Ceará State. Different stages of imposex development were verified in this survey, however, the most prominent levels appeared associated to known spot sources of TBT and TPT.

  14. Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Broiler Marketing in Benin City Metropolis, Edo State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PETER A. EKUNWE

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the socio-economic factors influencing broiler marketing in Benin City metropolis, Edo State, Nigeria. Purpose sampling of the three major markets (Oba, Oliha and New Benin markets in the study area was carried out. Twenty broiler marketers were randomly selected from each of three markets from the sampling frame, making a total of 60 marketers. Questionnaire were administered and scheduled interview conducted to collect all the relevant information from the respondents. Analytical techniques used were percentages, frequency counts, gross margin,profitability and multiple regression analysis. The results of the data analysis showed that majority (93% of the broiler marketers werefemale. The average age of the respondents was 42 years and the mean number of schooling years of the respondents was 8 years. The mean marketing margin per week was N350 ($2.17 while the mean gross margin per week was N5, 150 ($32. However, the average net returns per week for the entire markets were N4, 600 ($28.6. The result of the multiple regression analysis showed that the semi-log model gave the best fit with an adjusted R2 of 0.857 (85.7% and a F-ratio of 70.245. The age of broiler marketers, level of education and marketers income had positive coefficients. Thus, increase in these variables will increase the number of broilers handled per purchase. Major problems faced were loss of weight of broilers and mortality of broilers. Finance and processing were minor constraints faced by the marketer. The study recommended adequate feeding of broilers to maintain market weight, proper weighing of broiler chicken during sales, increase awareness about the need to purchase live broilers instead of frozen chicken and encouraging marketers into backward integration to increase profitability of the business. These recommendations would help to develop the poultry industry and increase marketing efficiency.

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  16. Out-patient drug treatment of pneumonia among children under two years of age in Fortaleza, Brazil Tratamento ambulatorial das pneumonias nas crianças menores de dois anos em Fortaleza, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chizuru Misago

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Results are reported from a study on drug use in treatment of children with pneumonia in a pediatric hospital in the city of Fortaleza, Northeastern Brazil. There were 171 out-patients; prescription details were obtained for 149. The most commonly prescribed antimicrobial drug was procaine penicillin, accounting for 33% of antimicrobial prescriptions, followed by benzathine penicillin (31%, ampicillin or amoxicillin (12%, and cotrimoxazole (8%. Benzathine penicillin was frequently given with other drugs, but was the sole antimicrobial agent for 31 children. Compliance with antimicrobial treatment was 52% overall and was higher for the injectables. Prescription patterns varied from child to child, and children were often prescribed more than one antimicrobial in the same or repeat prescriptions; combining this information with compliance, 81 (54% of the children were estimated to have received 5 or more days of appropriate antimicrobial treatment for pneumonia. This percentage is not high, and five days were often reached after using more than one antimicrobial and after repeat visits. The authors concluded that the need remains for simple antimicrobial regimes, attractive to comply with, that can be expected to be consistently used. Other drugs were chiefly analgesics and bronchodilators.Estudou-se a aderência ao tratamento de pneumonia em crianças, em serviço ambulatorial de hospital pediátrico em Fortaleza, Brasil. Foram investigadas 171 crianças com diagnóstico de pneumonia. Através de questionário foram coletadas informações referentes à prescrição médica e estimada a aderência ao tratamento de 149 crianças. Os antimicrobianos mais comumente prescritos foram penicilina procaína (33%, penicilina benzatina (31%, ampicilina ou amoxacilina (12% e cotrimoxazol (8%. Embora tenha sido freqüente a associação de antimicrobianos com outros medicamentos, tratamento exclusivo com penicilina procaina foi prescrito para 31 crianças. A

  17. Comportamento preventivo e de risco no trânsito referido por mototaxistas regulamentados em Fortaleza

    OpenAIRE

    Lira,Samira Valentim Gama

    2008-01-01

    O acidente de trânsito com motociclistas aumenta sobremaneira, ocasionando lesões graves ou irreversíveis, comprometendo a qualidade de vida do cidadão com repercussão social e econômica para o País. Nesse sentido, o estudo (i) investigou o comportamento preventivo e de risco para o acidente de trânsito referido por mototaxistas regulamentados em Fortaleza, Ceará; (ii) identificou a participação dos mototaxistas regulamentados em atividades educativas e preventivas e sua relação com a ocorrên...

  18. Gravidez em adolescentes de uma unidade municipal de saúde em Fortaleza - Ceará

    OpenAIRE

    Conceição de Maria Arcanjo; Maria Ivoneide Veríssimo de Oliveira; Maria Gorete Andrade Bezerra

    2007-01-01

    Estudo quantitativo com objetivo de conhecer a gravidez na adolescência em unidade municipal de saúde, Fortaleza-CE. A amostra foi composta por 40 adolescentes. Como resultado, encontramos: 20% estavam entre 14 e 15 anos, 7,5% eram solteiras, 5%, casadas, 7,5% tinham união consensual; 60% tinham entre 16 e 17 anos, 5% eram solteiras, 7,5%, casadas, 47,5% tinham união consensual; 20% tinham entre 18 e 19 anos, 12,5% eram solteiras, 7,5%, casadas. E, ainda: 17,5% tiveram experiência do aborto, ...

  19. Epidemiologia da transmiss??o vertical do HIV em Fortaleza, 2002-2005

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    INTRODU????O: A transmiss??o vertical do HIV gera graves problemas de sa??de e sociais. Apesar das medidas profil??ticas atualmente dispon??veis, a redu????o e eventual elimina????o da transmiss??o vertical do HIV permanecem entre os maiores objetivos da sa??de p??blica, tendo como ponto crucial o diagn??stico precoce das gestantes infectadas.OBJETIVO: Realizar um diagn??stico epidemiol??gico da transmiss??o vertical do HIV em Fortaleza-CE, no per??odo 2002-2005 e estimar as taxas de transmis...

  20. Prática de atividade física por adolescentes de Fortaleza, CE, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Freitas,Roberto Wagner Júnior Freire de; Silva,Ana Roberta Vilarouca da; Araújo,Márcio Flávio Moura de; Marinho,Niciane Bandeira Pessoa; DAMASCENO, Marta Maria Coelho; Oliveira,Marcos Renato de

    2010-01-01

    O objetivo da pesquisa foi conhecer os hábitos cotidianos, relacionados à prática de atividade física, em 307 estudantes entre 12 e 17 anos, de seis escolas privadas, de Fortaleza - Brasil, entre os meses de março e junho de 2007. Foi aplicado um formulário para registrar sedentarismo, IMC, pressão arterial e glicemia. Para análise das proporções foi utilizado o teste do Qui-quadrado. Cerca de 68% dos jovens eram inativos. O sedentarismo foi maior nos pesquisados do sexo feminino (p=0, 000) e...

  1. Un Estudio Exploratorio Acerca de las Fortalezas del Carácter en Niños Argentinos

    OpenAIRE

    Aldana Sol Grinhauz; Alejandro Castro Solano

    2014-01-01

    Esta investigación se centró en el segundo pilar de la psicología positiva – las virtudes y fortalezas del carácter-  con el fin explorar mediante un enfoque mixto, es decir, émico-ético, las fortalezas autopercibidas en 163 niños, 51% varones y 49% mujeres pertenecientes a la Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina). El 40%  de los participantes tenía 10 años, el 28% tenía 11 años y el 32% tenía 12 años. Se les solicitó a los participantes que describieran con sus palabras las fortalezas del carác...

  2. Ciprofloxacin Resistance and Gonorrhea Incidence Rates in 17 Cities, United States, 1991–2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkcaldy, Robert D.; Gift, Thomas L.; Owusu-Edusei, Kwame; Weinstock, Hillard S.

    2014-01-01

    Antimicrobial drug resistance can hinder gonorrhea prevention and control efforts. In this study, we analyzed historical ciprofloxacin resistance data and gonorrhea incidence data to examine the possible effect of antimicrobial drug resistance on gonorrhea incidence at the population level. We analyzed data from the Gonococcal Isolate Surveillance Project and city-level gonorrhea incidence rates from surveillance data for 17 cities during 1991–2006. We found a strong positive association between ciprofloxacin resistance and gonorrhea incidence rates at the city level during this period. Their association was consistent with predictions of mathematical models in which resistance to treatment can increase gonorrhea incidence rates through factors such as increased duration of infection. These findings highlight the possibility of future increases in gonorrhea incidence caused by emerging cephalosporin resistance. PMID:24655615

  3. Diabetes mellitus tipo 2: investigaÃÃo dos fatores de risco em adolescentes de escolas particulares de fortaleza

    OpenAIRE

    HÃrica Cristina Alves de Vasconcelos

    2008-01-01

    Objetivou-se, com este estudo, identificar os fatores de risco para diabetes tipo 2 numa populaÃÃo de adolescentes de escolas particulares da cidade de Fortaleza.Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado com 794 alunos de 12 a 17 anos nos meses de maio, junho, agosto e setembro de 2007. Doze escolas particulares das seis regionais que compÃem a cidade de Fortaleza foram selecionadas. Utilizou-se um formulÃrio onde se registraram dados pessoais, caracterÃsticas sociodemogrÃficas, hÃbitos ali...

  4. O cotidiano da rua : um estudo através da percepção do gazeteiro de Fortaleza

    OpenAIRE

    Gaspar, Esther Weintraub

    2006-01-01

    Registro de uma pesquisa acerca da percepção, representação e utilização da rua pelo gazeteiro de Fortaleza. A dissertação analisou as representações espaciais que os gazeteiros faziam de suas vivências no seu local de trabalho, percebendo nas suas informações também suas visões de cidade, moradia, trabalho e lazer. O estudo com os gazeteiros de Fortaleza apresentou o processo de uso da rua como o espaço de múltiplas facetas para os vendedores de jornal. Dessa forma, aparentemente restrito, o...

  5. O uso do clítico na fala culta de Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuela Monteiro GONDIM

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Este trabalho visa verificar a ocorrência ou o apagamento do clítico nos verbos pronominais na fala de informantes cultos de Fortaleza, em diferentes contextos. Contrariando o que a Gramática Tradicional (GT afirma a respeito dos verbos pronominais, a queda do clítico já vem sendo comprovada em algumas regiões brasileiras. Sendo assim, é importante verificarmos o uso desses pronomes por falantes de Fortaleza. Para tanto, basear-nos-emos na teoria variacionista, para analisarmos ocorrências retiradas do corpus PORCUFORT. Os resultados apontam para uma tendência ao desuso desses pronomes, inclusive, com alguns verbos considerados pronominais pela GT. Tais resultados mostram a validade de uma pesquisa que analise um corpus mais atual, já que os dados do PORCUFORT foram coletados na década de 80, para que possa ser verificado se atualmente o clítico tem sido mais frequentemente apagado ou utilizado.

  6. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: clinical analysis of 78 cases from Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CASTRO-COSTA CARLOS M. DE

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available We report on the clinical characteristics of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS in Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil. For this, we analyzed retrospectively (from 1980 to 1999 78 cases of ALS from the Service of Neurology of the University Hospital of Fortaleza diagnosed clinically and laboratorially (EMG, muscle biopsy, myelography, blood biochemistry, muscle enzymes and cranio-cervical X-ray. The results showed that they were mostly sporadic ALS (76/78, and they were divided into definite (n= 36, probable (n= 20, possible (n= 15 and suspected (n= 7, according to the level of diagnostic certainty. They were also subdivided into juvenile (n= 17, early-onset adult (n= 18, age-specific (n= 39 and late-onset (n= 4 groups. Clinically, they presented as initials symptoms, principally, asymmetrical (30/78 and symmetrical (24/78 weakness of extremities, besides bulbar signs, fasciculations, and atrophy. Curiously, pain as first symptom occurred in an expressive fashion (17/78. The predominant initial anatomic site, in this series, was the spinal cord, and mainly affecting the arms. As to the symptom accrual from region to region, this occurs more quickly in contiguous areas, and fasciculations are predominant when bulbar region was associated.

  7. Beyond Texas City: the state of process safety in the unionized U.S. oil refining industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McQuiston, Thomas H; Lippin, Tobi Mae; Bradley-Bull, Kristin; Anderson, Joseph; Beach, Josie; Beevers, Gary; Frederick, Randy J; Frederick, James; Greene, Tammy; Hoffman, Thomas; Lefton, James; Nibarger, Kim; Renner, Paul; Ricks, Brian; Seymour, Thomas; Taylor, Ren; Wright, Mike

    2009-01-01

    The March 2005 British Petroleum (BP) Texas City Refinery disaster provided a stimulus to examine the state of process safety in the U.S. refining industry. Participatory action researchers conducted a nation-wide mail-back survey of United Steelworkers local unions and collected data from 51 unionized refineries. The study examined the prevalence of highly hazardous conditions key to the Texas City disaster, refinery actions to address those conditions, emergency preparedness and response, process safety systems, and worker training. Findings indicate that the key highly hazardous conditions were pervasive and often resulted in incidents or near-misses. Respondents reported worker training was insufficient and less than a third characterized their refineries as very prepared to respond safely to a hazardous materials emergency. The authors conclude that the potential for future disasters plagues the refining industry. In response, they call for effective proactive OSHA regulation and outline ten urgent and critical actions to improve refinery process safety.

  8. Water conservation and hydrological transitions in cities in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornberger, George M.; Hess, David J.; Gilligan, Jonathan

    2015-06-01

    Cities across the world have had to diversify and expand their water supply systems in response to demand growth, groundwater depletion and pollution, and instability and inadequacy of regional surface freshwater sources. In the U.S., these problems plague not only the arid Western cities but increasingly also cities in the Eastern portions of the country. Although cities continue to seek out new sources of water via Promethean projects of long-distance supply systems, desalinization plants, and the recharge of aquifers with surface water, they also pursue water conservation because of its low cost and other benefits. We examine water conservation as a complex sociotechnical system comprising interactions of political, sociodemographic, economic, and hydroclimatological factors. We provide quantitative data on the factors that affect more and less advanced transitions in water conservation regimes, and we show that water stress and other hydrological data can only partially predict the transition. We also provide qualitative case studies to identify institutional and political barriers to more advanced water conservation regimes. This interdisciplinary, mixed methods approach typifies the need for knowledge that informs hydrologists about how their research may or may not be adopted by decision-makers.

  9. Evaluación de las Virtudes y Fortalezas Humanas en Población de Habla Hispana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro C. Cosentino

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available La Psicología Positiva es el estudio científico de las experiencias subjetivas positivas, los rasgos individuales positivos y las instituciones positivas. La comprensión de los rasgos individuales positivos consiste en el estudio de las virtudes y fortalezas del carácter. Luego de un prolongado hiato, nuevamente ha comenzado el estudio del carácter moral en la psicología científica. Se presenta el desarrollo de un instrumento para la evaluación de las virtudes y fortalezas humanas según la clasificación del carácter de 6 virtudes y 24 fortalezas de Peterson y Seligman [Peterson, C. & Seligman, M.E.P. (2004. Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification. Washington, DC, EE.UU. American Psychological Association; Oxford University Press]. Análisis psicométricos preliminares del Inventario de Virtudes y Fortalezas (IVyF sugieren que este inventario muestra una razonable confiabilidad y estructura factorial. 

  10. Juventude e cidadania: uso das mídias digitaus da ONG Aldeia, em Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Maria Cogo

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa os processos de comunicação cidadã tecidos porjovens que atuam na associação Aldeia, em Fortaleza, Ceará. O marco teórico da pesquisa abrange os estudos sobre movimentos sociais, mídias digitais e comunicação cidadã. Selecionamos, como resultado da pesquisa, três aspectos dos usos das tecnologias pelos jovens do Aldeia: 1 a ausência de uma maior criticidade na leitura dos meios ; 2 a complementaridade entre as mídias analógicas e as digitais; e 3 a demanda por profissionalização.

  11. POLLEN MORPHOLOGY OF FAMILY FABACEAE OF LOW PART OF PATIVILCA AND FORTALEZA VALLEYS (LIMA, PERU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ventura, K.

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The external morphology of pollen is described of 26 species of the Fabaceae family which have been collected in the low part of Pativilca and Fortaleza Valleys, Peru. Palinologics samples were processed following the method of Erdtman (1966. Some species made the difference between the characteristics which have being in optical microscope and descriptions found in literature were observed. The pollen of this family appeared in monades with the exception of Inga and Acacia (poliades. The greatest monade was Leucaena glauca and the least minor was Melilotus indicus. The greater poliade size was Inga feuillei and the least minor was Acacia. The predominant form was sub prolate; the opening was represented by tricolporade; the exina commonest was reticulated; and the species with the greatest thickness of exine is Vigna luteola and the smallest thickness was Crotalaria incana. The external morphology of pollen made the difference at level of species Fabaceae.

  12. "O inferno são os outros": uma análise sobre o medo do estranho na cidade de Fortaleza (CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Batista de Menezes Bittencourt

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the problem of fear in the present days and its relationship with the "feeling of strangeness" that is present in humans. The empirical references are constituted by the experiences of the residents of a middle class neighborhood in Fortaleza city, Ceará, Brazil. It's assumed that individuals who inhabit the so-called "spaces of fear" - areas with desert-like aspects, remote from urban areas and with a strong security apparatus - had a more intense "fear of the stranger". The fear is always afraid of the stranger and, depending on the context, it can take many strange faces. That indecipherable and faceless being, in some situations, receive color, residence, age, so that is possible to ease our everyday neuroses. From interviews with their residents, I propose to examine the social imaginary significations present in their discourse, which define their representations about themselves and about the strangers who they bump into in those areas, thus becoming a potential suspect. Although many studies suggest the increase in urban violence as the main socio intensifier of segregation in major capitals of the country, we believe there are more complex factors defining our interest to keep away those who "feel unwanted". Therefore, I seek in Psychoanalysis one of the keys to understand the urban segregation phenomenon.

  13. Monitoring of Ecological and Geochemical State of the Soil Cover in the City of Voronezh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sereda Lyudmila Olegovna

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Soil cover in the city of Voronezh accumulates a lot of pollutants and indicates the centers of technological pollution. The high rates of housing construction, functioning and development of urban infrastructure cause infringement to the soil cover. The paper contains main results of an ecological and geochemical research of the soil cover in Voronezh, its characteristics, properties of the horizons of the different types of soils. During spring and summer of 2014 75 samples of soil were collected in special points of monitoring (according to GOST 17.4.3.01-83 and GOST 17.4.4.02-84. During the research the following methods were applied – volt-ampermetric method was used for detecting the concentration of heavy metals, the method of cholophorm-hexan extraction – for petrochemicals, the method of I.V. Tyurin – for humus concentration, potentiometric method and biotesting methods (analysis of seedlings of the following indicating plants – Lepidium sativum, Avena sativa, as well as defining the phytotoxic effect – for actual acidity detection. The obtained results are used for creating an overview soil map of Voronezh. Urbanozems are dominating in the soil cover of Voronezh. There era large areas of them in the majority of the city districts. A smaller part of a total urban area is presented by soils, which are slightly touched by human economic activity. Urban soils of industrial and transport city zones have disadvantageous properties – low rate of humus and alkali reaction of soil environment, high rate of pollution by petrochemicals and heavy metals. The least rate of pollution of a soil cover by heavy metals is detected in residential areas, situated far from industrial objects and highways. We have detected dependence between accumulation of polluting substances in soil cover and functional and planning peculiarities of the city. For example, accumulation of zinc takes place in soils with alkali reaction of soil and low

  14. The idea of the perfect city in the state of prince Lazar and despotes Stefan Lazarević

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    Radojčić Svetozar

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the beginning, Serb settlers were hostile towards the Greek and Romanic towns they came into contact with. They did not become accustomed to city life until the end of the twelfth century. First of all, this process evolved through the monasteries that were erected as urban ensembles, which, in the Middle Ages were considered to be ideal towns. The Serbs became acquainted with the monastery-city through the monastic settlements on the Holy Mount, from which they also accepted the form and name of the lavra. With them they also accepted the old belief that the monastery was a city and the symbol of the Church and the Heavenly Jerusalem. In the Byzantine world these concepts were connected with Constantinople, which through the laudes Constantinopolitanae was initially hailed as the New Jerusalem, the New Zion and the Heavenly Jerusalem. Such a Constantinople as the image of the earthly and heavenly Jerusalem and the exemplary city of the Orthodox Christian rulers would be emulated by the Slav peoples of Russia, Bulgaria and Serbia. The old Serbian authors particularly extol Constantinople and Thessalonica, calling them imperial cities, safeguarded by God, and cities of God. The ancient ideas about the perfect city, conveyed from Byzantium in the eleventh and twelfth century to Russia, began their renewed life in the Serbian state from the second half of the fourteenth century. In keeping with sources of a literary and religious nature, the author links the course of those complex and ambitious ideas, whereby they wished to explain the ultimate meaning of the construction and existence of the city. The ideas of the similarity of the heavenly and earthly palace and of the similarity of the Heavenly Jerusalem and the earthly city acquired certain clarity in the mentality of the Serbian late feudal society. However, they did not arise from the dynastic concept of the Nemanjić family, which had more realistic economic, military and political

  15. Population dynamics of Culex quinquefasciatus filaria vector in Raipur City of Chhattisgarh State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixit, Vandana; Gupta, A K; Kataria, Om; Prasad, G B K S

    2002-09-01

    Indoor resting Culex quinquefasciatus were collected from 17 localities of Raipur City using aspirator tube between 06.00 and 08.00 hrs. at monthly intervals for over a period of 12 months. Mosquitoes were also collected using animal and human baits. A total of 4973 C. quinquefasciatus were collected in 176 man hours from different locations of Raipur City with a mean density of 28.26 pmh. The vector was recorded throughout the year with higher densities during the months of March (44.29 pmh), February (41.29 pmh), August (38.58 pmh) and April (37.17 pmh). The lower densities were recorded during July (17.05 pmh), September (16.82 pmh) and November (16.64 pmh). The Gudhyari and Amanaka localities recorded the highest and lowest densities of C. quinquefasciatus respectively. No significant relationship was observed between the density variation of the vector and variation in temperature and/or humidity in the study region.

  16. Meeting Report: Institute for Social Security and Services for State Workers (ISSSTE) on Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia, Mexico City, Mexico, 3rd to 4th October 2016

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarado Ibarra Martha; Aguilar Andrade Carolina; Báez Islas Pamela Elena; Cervantes Sánchez Israel; Chávez Aguilar Lénica Anahí; Choque Condori Diana Ingrith; de la Rosa Cano María Luisa; Espitia Ríos María Flores Villegas Luz Victoria; García Camacho Alinka Socorro; Gómez Rosas Patricia; Grimaldo Gómez Flavio Adrián; Hernández Ruiz Eleazar; Loera Fragoso Sergio José; Mena Zepeda Verónica; Merino Pasaye, Laura Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    From October 3 to 4, 2016, the fourth meeting of haematologists who belonged to the institute for social security and services for state workers (ISSSTE) was held, the meeting was held in Mexico City, Mexico. Attending this working meeting, medical fellows of the specialty of Haematology and Paediatric Haematology, as well as attached doctors of both specialties that work in different hospitals in Mexico City and the rest of the country, the purpose of the attendees to this consensus was disc...

  17. 500 Cities: City Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This city boundary shapefile was extracted from Esri Data and Maps for ArcGIS 2014 - U.S. Populated Place Areas. This shapefile can be joined to 500 Cities...

  18. City state institutions under municipal or family rule in 13th-century Alessandria

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    Alberto Luongo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In the 13th century many attempts were made to set up personal rule over Alessandria, with varying degrees of success. The first was Manfredi II Lancia, viceroy of Emperor Frederick II. This was followed by Guglielmo VII of Monferrato, whose plans were opposed initially by Oberto Pelavicino and subsequently by Carlo of Angiò. Dominion over Alessandria actively involved the population and the dignitaries of the city (divided by loyalty to the rival Lanzavecchia and Del Pozzo families. They were able to establish or end the rule of one family or another. Hence, the political élite of Alessandria took advantage of the aspirations of foreign rulers to solve internal problems, by according them with different powers as the situation demanded and as the loyalties of the rival factions changed.

  19. Occurrence of imposex in Thais haemastoma: possible evidence of environmental contamination derived from organotin compounds in Rio de Janeiro and Fortaleza, Brazil Ocorrência de imposex em Thais haemastoma: possíveis evidências de contaminação ambiental por compostos organotínicos no Rio de Janeiro e em Fortaleza, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Antonio Fernandez

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available There are indications that the widespread use of organotin compounds (TBT and TPT as antifoulings, as stabilizers in plastic and as pesticides, has severely affected several species of marine organisms. The most striking effect of TBT and TPT as hormonal disruptors is the development of male organs in females of gastropods, currently denominated imposex. This syndrome can lead to the sterilization and death of affected organisms. The present work gives an overview of the present state of knowledge on imposex occurrence and reports results of a survey conducted in Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro and in several sites along the coast of Fortaleza, Ceará State. Different stages of imposex development were verified in this survey, however, the most prominent levels appeared associated to known spot sources of TBT and TPT.Existem evidências de que a utilização amplamente disseminada de compostos organoestânicos (TBT e TPT como antiincrustantes, estabilizadores em plásticos e como pesticidas tenha afetado severamente diversas espécies de organismos marinhos. O mais característico efeito do TBT e do TPT como desreguladores endócrinos é o desenvolvimento de caracteres sexuais masculinos em fêmeas de gastrópodos, conhecido como imposex. Esta síndrome pode levar à esterelização e morte dos organismos afetados. O presente trabalho apresenta uma vista geral ao estado atual do conhecimento sobre a ocorrência do imposex, e reporta os resultados de um estudo conduzido na Baía de Guanabara, Rio de Janeiro, e ao longo da costa de Fortaleza, no Ceará. Diferentes estágios de desenvolvimento do imposex foram verificados neste estudo, os mais proeminentes parecendo associados às fontes pontuais locais conhecidas de TBT e TPT.

  20. Participation and Neutrality of State Civil Apparatus in Direct Regional Election: Surabaya City Case

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    Catur Wibowo Budi Santoso

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In relation to the existence of State Civil Apparatus, at least there are two issues that must be observed in the implementation of Regional elections, namely the issues of participation and neutrality of State Civil Apparatus. The phenomenon that occurs during this time is the involvement of the State Civil Apparatus in attendance is still minimum (low. Moreover, it is believed that there are many Civil Apparatus State who is not neutral in the organization of Regional Elections. In this regard, this study aims to analyze the participation and neutrality of State Civil Apparatus. The method utilized in this study is qualitative. The result of the study shows that in general the participation of State Civil Apparatus in Surabaya is adequately good, but the neutrality of State Civil Apparatus has not implemented well enough. There are at least three (3 main factors influencing the participation of Civil State Apparatus, namely the factors of leadership exemplary, commitment to employees, and employee development. As for the neutrality of the State Civil Apparatus, among others, is influenced by the factors of the ambition of employee, primordialism, and working environment of employees.

  1. The "housing question" and the state-socialist answer: city, class and state remaking in 1950s Bucharest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chelcea, Liviu

    2012-01-01

    Housing nationalization as a solution to urban inequalities has a long history in European social thought. This article describes housing nationalization in a state-socialist context. Using a political economy perspective and relying on recently released archival material about housing in 1950s Romania, I argue that nationalization may be regarded as a special type of urban process. Nationalization raised the occupancy rate and intensified the usage of existing housing, desegregated centrally located neighborhoods, turned some residential space into office space for state institutions, facilitated the degradation of the existing housing stock and gradually produced a socialist gentry. Aside from similarities with other state-socialist nationalizations from the same period, Romanian nationalization resembled the housing policies of other statist regimes. The data also suggest that, even in the context of revolutionary change, the state is a sum of multiple, often diverging projects, rather than a coherent actor.

  2. Clinical manifestations and endoscopic findings of amebic colitis in a United States-Mexico border city: a case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Rhonda; Cooper, Chad J; Ramirez-Vega, Ruben; Huerta-Alardin, Ana; Boman, Darius; Zuckerman, Marc J

    2015-12-14

    Invasive amebiasis is not frequently seen in the United States. It is associated with considerable morbidity in patients residing in or traveling to endemic areas. We report a case series of patients with amebic colitis in a United States-Mexico border city to alert physicians to the varied clinical manifestations. Nine patients were diagnosed with amebic colitis. Mean age was 56 (38-83), 6 were males, and all were Hispanic. Common symptoms were diarrhea (56 %), hematochezia (33 %) and abdominal bloating (11 %). The diagnosis of amebic colitis was established in the following ways: 8 patients by colonoscopy with biopsy, 1 by surgery for colonic obstruction. The diagnosis of amebic colitis was confirmed in 8 patients (89 %) by amebic trophozoites present in histopathologic sections. One patient was diagnosed with amebic colitis based upon clinical symptoms, colitis on colonoscopy and visualization of amebic trophozoites on stool examination. In the 8 patients in whom colonoscopy was done, 6 (75 %) had inflammation with rectosigmoid involvement and 5 (62.5 %) had ulcerations. Infection resolved after treatment with metronidazole in most patients; however, one patient developed a liver abscess and another had a colonic perforation and later developed a liver abscess. The occurrence of amebic colitis in this United States-Mexico border city hospital population was low, but in some cases potentially life-threatening. Physicians should be alert to the less common presentations of amebic colitis, such as overt gastrointestinal bleeding, exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease, and the incidental finding of association with colon cancer, or a surgical abdomen. Rectosigmoid involvement was typically found on colonoscopy.

  3. Distribuição das mutações da β-talassemia em Fortaleza, Ceará Distribution of β-thalassemia mutations in Fortaleza, Ceará

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUÇÃO: As mutações IVS-I-1, IVS-I-6 e CD 39 foram estudadas em 14 pacientes portadores de β-talassemia, da população de Fortaleza, capital do Ceará. OBJETIVO: Fornecer informações sobre a caracterização molecular dos pacientes β-talassêmicos de Fortaleza, contribuindo para traçar o perfil das mutações desta hemoglobinopatia na região Nordeste e no Brasil. MÉTODOS: A β-talassemia foi diagnosticada pelo estudo hematológico realizado no contador automático de células sanguíne...

  4. Genetic structure of the invasive tree Ailanthus altissima in eastern United States cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston R. Aldrich; Joseph S. Briguglio; Shyam N. Kapadia; Minesh U. Morker; Ankit Rawal; Preeti Kalra; Cynthia D. Huebner; Gary K. Greer

    2010-01-01

    Ailanthus altissima is an invasive tree from Asia. It now occurs in most US states, and although primarily an urban weed, it has become a problem in forested areas especially in the eastern states. Little is known about its genetic structure. We explore its naturalized gene pool from 28 populations, mostly of the eastern US where infestations are...

  5. Knowledge and practice of food hygiene and safety among food handlers in fast food restaurants in Benin City, Edo State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isara, A R; Isah, E C

    2009-09-01

    To assess the knowledge and practice of food hygiene and safety among food handlers in fast food restaurants in Benin City, Edo State. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 350 respondents who were selected by means of a systematic sampling method and interviewed using a semi-structured researcher-administered questionnaire. An observational checklist was thereafter used to inspect their personal hygiene status. The mean age of the food handlers was 26.4 +/- 6.1 years. Two hundred and twenty eight (65.1%) were females while 34.9% were males. A majority (98%) of the respondents had formal education. There was good knowledge and practice of food hygiene and safety among the respondents. Knowledge was significantly influenced by previous training in food hygiene and safety (p = 0.002). Food handlers who had worked for longer years in the fast food restaurants had better practice of food hygiene and safety (p = 0.036). The level of education of respondents did not significantly influenced their practice of food hygiene and safety (p = 0.084). Although, 299 (85.4%) food handlers were generally clean, skin lesions was seen in 4 (7.3%) of them. This study showed good knowledge and practice of food hygiene and safety by food handlers in the fast food restaurants in Benin City, but there is need for improvement through training and retraining of food handlers by the management of the restaurants and the local government authorities.

  6. Size distribution and mixing state of refractory black carbon aerosol from a coastal city in South China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qiyuan; Huang, Ru-Jin; Zhao, Zhuzi; Zhang, Ningning; Wang, Yichen; Ni, Haiyan; Tie, Xuexi; Han, Yongming; Zhuang, Mazhan; Wang, Meng; Zhang, Jieru; Zhang, Xuemin; Dusek, Uli; Cao, Junji

    2016-11-01

    An intensive measurement campaign was conducted in the coastal city of Xiamen, China to investigate the size distribution and mixing state of the refractory black carbon (rBC) aerosol. The average rBC concentration for the campaign, measured with a ground-based single particle soot photometer (SP2), was 2.3 ± 1.7 μg m- 3, which accounted for ~ 4.3% of the PM2.5 mass. A potential source contribution function model indicated that emissions from coastal cities to the southwest were the most important source for the rBC and that shipping traffic was another likely source. The mass size distribution of the rBC particles was mono-modal and approximately lognormal, with a mass median diameter (MMD) of ~ 185 nm. Larger MMDs (~ 195 nm) occurred during polluted conditions compared with non-polluted times (~ 175 nm) due to stronger biomass burning activities during pollution episodes. Uncoated or thinly-coated particles composed the bulk of the rBC aerosol, and on average ~ 31% of the rBC was internally-mixed or thickly-coated. A positive matrix factorization model showed that organic materials were the predominant component of the rBC coatings and that mixing with nitrate increased during pollution conditions. These findings should lead to improvements in the parameterizations used to model the radiative effects of rBC.

  7. The study of temporal and spatial development in the city of Taperoá, State Of Paraíba

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    Simone Mirtes Araújo Duarte

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Located in the central region of the State of Paraíba, in Meso-Region of Borborema, Micro-Region of the City of West Cariri Taperoá has a physical base of about 639,874 km2. With altitude ranging from 650 to 1000 m, rainfall of 505 mm per year. The results indicated that between the period 1984 to 2005 of land degradation avançou.em gradual process. In the city the degradation is a consequence of non-use of conservation measures, demonstrating the lack of guidance and awareness of farmers on the use and conservation of land. The area suffers the influence of warm and dry climate with rain in short periods and prolonged dry season. This study aimed to generate information on the study of spatial and temporal evolution of land in the municipality of Taperoá. The methodology was based on temporal analysis of orbital images TM / Landsat - 5 to the date of July 16, 2005 and 17/06/84. The results indicated that the periods between 2005 and 1984 in the image (NDVI is the clear overview that reflects the expression of a landscape in the process of destruction which shows a very sharp devastation imposed as a result of human action in changing the patterns of organization social and economic in some areas, affecting thus the process of integration and development so that thousands of people migrate in search of better living conditions.

  8. Sexual networking of market women in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omorodion, F I

    1993-01-01

    The manifestation of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) all over the world has increased the need for information on the nature and pattern of sexual networking in Africa, where there is a dearth of such information. In the present study, information on the sexual networking of market women in Benin City, Nigeria, was obtained using a questionnaire instrument. The questionnaire covered the sexual, reproductive, and health behaviors of these women. The data revealed that the levels of both premarital and extramarital sexual networking are high. Such a high degree of sexual networking has exposed a number of these women to sexually transmitted diseases. The manifestation of AIDS in this society will be widespread and devastating to the people and the society because these women are in a polygamous relationship in a society that frowns on the use of contraceptives by couples. In addition, controversies surround the correlation between socioeconomic status (SES) and AIDS, geographical areas of prevalence, and the role of prostitutes in the spread of the disease. For example, studies in Africa show that whereas there is no correlation between SES and AIDS in Kinshasa, the attack rate was higher in educated people in Rwanda and Zambia. Moreover, there are predominantly urban outbreaks in other countries, such as Uganda (Piot & Carael, 1988).

  9. Endoparasites of horses from the Formiga city, located in center-west region of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Weslen Fabricio Pires Teixeira

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available With the aim of studying the endoparasite fauna of horses from the Formiga city, located in center-west region of the state of Minas Gerais, 25 animals that were naturally infected with helminths were evaluated. By means of parasitological necropsies, different endoparasites were found. The subfamily Cyathostominae presented the highest incidence, followed by Trichostrongylus axei, Oxyuris equi, Triodontophorus serratus, Strongyloides westeri, Strongylus edentatus, Habronema muscae, Parascaris equorum, Probstmayria vivipara, Strongylus vulgaris, Gasterophilus nasalis, Anoplocephala magna and Anoplocephala perfoliata. In the present study, if the species Probstmayria vivipara was not considered in the prevalence, the frequency of Cyathostominae was equivalent to 94.85%. The results obtained in this study allowed us to detect and identify different species of helminths in horses, and confirmed the high incidence of nematodes belonging to the subfamily Cyathostominae in the center-west region of Minas Gerais.

  10. [Coverage of Pap smear tests in the city of São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, Deise Karine; Dias-da-Costa, Juvenal Soares; Luz, Anna Maria Hecker; Olinto, Maria Teresa Anselmo

    2008-11-01

    This cross-sectional study aimed to verify the coverage of Pap smear tests and associated factors in a cluster sample of women 20 to 60 years of age in the city of São Leopoldo, Rio Grande Sul State, Brazil, in 2003. Two outcomes were analyzed: Pap smear in the previous three years and Pap smear never performed. Among 867 women, 741 (85.5%; 95%CI: 83.1-87.8) had a Pap smear in the previous three years, 60 (6.9%; 95%CI: 5.2-8.6) were late with the test, and 66 (7.6%; 95%CI: 5.8-9.4) had never done a Pap smear. Poisson regression showed significant association with: income, age, skin color, and marital status. Although coverage was high, risk factors for uterine cervical cancer were not associated with performing the test.

  11. Kanagawa-negative, tdh- and trh-positive Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from fresh oysters marketed in Fortaleza, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, Regine H S F; Costa, Renata A; Menezes, Francisca G R; Silva, Giselle C; Theophilo, Grace N D; Rodrigues, Dália P; Maggioni, Rodrigo

    2011-08-01

    Between October 2008 and June 2009, 15 samples of 10 live oysters each (Crassostrea rhizophorae) measuring 8.31-10.71 cm were purchased from a restaurant on the seashore of Fortaleza, Brazil. The Vibrio count ranged from 75 (estimated) to 43,500 CFU/g. Fourteen species were identified among the 56 isolated Vibrio strains, with V. parahaemolyticus as the most prevalent. Two of the 17 V. parahaemolyticus strains were urease-positive and tdh- and trh-positive on multiplex PCR, but neither produced β-hemolysis halos in Wagatsuma agar. Thus, fresh oysters served in natura in Fortaleza, Brazil, were found to contain Vibrio strains known to cause gastroenteritis in humans.

  12. Maturity analysis method of storage process in distribution centers from Fortaleza-CE’s supermarkets: a multicase study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piter Anderson Severino de Jesus

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Logistics and processes, especially storage, are presented as one of the ways the company has to reduce costs and add value to stakeholders. This article aims to develop a method for analyzing maturity to evaluate the storage process at Distribution Centers (DC in Fortaleza / CE. Maturity is defined as how involved the DC is in a particular area or process. Through this analysis, the distribution center can leverage strengths and resolve or mitigate weaknesses. To this end, attributes, dimensions and practices for infrastructure organization, people and technology, as well as internal and external interfaces were established. The instrument was also developed for diagnosing the DC. For elaborating the method, library research and validation were performed with professional logistics. The tool was applied to distribution centers and the heterogeneity of the maturity of Fortaleza DCs was observed.

  13. Distribuição das mutações da β-talassemia em Fortaleza, Ceará

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUÇÃO: As mutações IVS-I-1, IVS-I-6 e CD 39 foram estudadas em 14 pacientes portadores de β-talassemia, da população de Fortaleza, capital do Ceará. OBJETIVO: Fornecer informações sobre a caracterização molecular dos pacientes β-talassêmicos de Fortaleza, contribuindo para traçar o perfil das mutações desta hemoglobinopatia na região Nordeste e no Brasil. MÉTODOS: A β-talassemia foi diagnosticada pelo estudo hematológico realizado no contador automático de células sanguíne...

  14. Title: The Impact of 2006-2012 CReSIS Summer Research Programs that Influence Student's Choice of a STEM Related Major in College Authors: Dr. Darnell Johnson Djohnson@mail.ecsu.edu Elizabeth City State University, Elizabeth City, North Carolina 27909 Dr. Linda Hayden Haydenl@mindspring.com Elizabeth City State University, Elizabeth City, North Carolina, 27909

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, D.

    2013-12-01

    Abstract: Researchers, policymakers, business, and industry have indicated that the United States will experience a future shortage of professionals in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Several strategies have been suggested to address this impending shortage, one of which includes increasing the representation of females and minorities in the STEM fields. In order to increase the representation of underrepresented students in the STEM fields, it is important to understand the motivational factors that impact underrepresented students' interest in STEM academics and extracurricular programs. Research indicates that greater confidence leads to greater interest and vice versa (Denissen et al., 2007). In this paper, the mathematics research team examined the role of practical research experience during the summer for talented minority secondary students studying in STEM fields. An undergraduate research mathematics team focused on the link between summer research and the choice of an undergraduate discipline. A Chi Square Statistical Test was used to examine Likert Scale results on the attitude of students participating in the 2006-2012 Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS) Summer Research Programs for secondary students. This research was performed at Elizabeth City State University located in northeastern North Carolina about the factors that impact underrepresented students' choices of STEM related majors in college. Results can be used to inform and guide educators, administrators, and policy makers in developing programs and policy that support and encourage the STEM development of underrepresented students. Index Terms: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM), Underrepresented students

  15. Isolation of pathogenic yeasts in the air from hospital environments in the city of Fortaleza, northeast Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossana A Cordeiro

    Full Text Available This paper reports the results of environmental surveillance of yeasts in specific areas of two tertiary local hospitals. From March 2007 to February 2008, samples from the air of two public hospitals were collected on a monthly basis. The samples were collected through passive sedimentation method (day and night exposure of Petri dishes. A total of 240 air samples from 10 hospital environments were analyzed. These environments presented similar contamination levels, from which 80 fungi isolates were isolated: Candida parapsilosis (n = 34, Rhodotorula spp. (19, Trichosporon asahii (11, C. tropicalis (8, C. albicans (4, C. glabrata (1, C. guilliermondii (1, C. krusei (1 and Saccharomyces spp. (1. Regarding the presence of yeasts and climatic conditions, there were 40 strains (50% in semi-critical areas (natural ventilation and critical areas (air conditioned. Considering the presence of microorganisms with pathogenic potential, environmental monitoring is necessary to prevent possible hospital infections.

  16. Isolation of pathogenic yeasts in the air from hospital environments in the city of Fortaleza, northeast Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rossana A Cordeiro

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the results of environmental surveillance of yeasts in specific areas of two tertiary local hospitals. From March 2007 to February 2008, samples from the air of two public hospitals were collected on a monthly basis. The samples were collected through passive sedimentation method (day and night exposure of Petri dishes. A total of 240 air samples from 10 hospital environments were analyzed. These environments presented similar contamination levels, from which 80 fungi isolates were isolated: Candida parapsilosis (n = 34, Rhodotorula spp. (19, Trichosporon asahii (11, C. tropicalis (8, C. albicans (4, C. glabrata (1, C. guilliermondii (1, C. krusei (1 and Saccharomyces spp. (1. Regarding the presence of yeasts and climatic conditions, there were 40 strains (50% in semi-critical areas (natural ventilation and critical areas (air conditioned. Considering the presence of microorganisms with pathogenic potential, environmental monitoring is necessary to prevent possible hospital infections.

  17. Improving Coastal Flood Risk Assessments for the Northeastern United States: New York City to Boston

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodruff, J. D.; Stromer, Z.; Talke, S. A.; Orton, P. M.

    2015-12-01

    Interest in extreme flood vulnerability in the Northeastern U.S. has increased significantly since Hurricane Sandy caused more than $50 billion dollars in damages. Despite increased focus there is still no overall consensus regarding the true return period in the region for flood events of Sandy's magnitude. The application of Generalized Extreme Value (GEV) theory to water level data is one of the most common techniques for estimating the return period for these rare events. Here we assess the skill of this popular technique by combining modeled, instrumental and sedimentologically derived records of flooding for the region. We show that GEV derived return periods greatly and consistently underappreciate risk for sites from New York City east to southern Cape Cod. This is in part because at these locations maximum annual flood data represents a mixture of two very different populations of storms, i.e. tropically derived disturbances and extratropical Nor'easters. Nor'easters comprise a majority of floods with 10-yr return periods and shorter, hurricanes for 100-yr floods or longer, and a combination in between. In contrast, the GEV technique functions better in estimating the 100-yr flood for points north of Cape Cod including Boston. At these locations flooding occurs more often from just one type of disturbance, i.e. Nor'easters. However, modeled and sedimentary reconstructions of storms indicate hurricanes likely still dominate flood distribution at northern location like Boston for 500 yr or greater events. Results stress the need for separating storm populations before applying the GEV technique, especially where flood behavior can vary depending on the type of disturbance.

  18. Cases distribution of leptospirosis in City of Manaus, State of Amazonas, Brazil, 2000-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Silva de Jesus

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by microorganisms of the genus Leptospira that affects several species of animals, including the human beings. The study described the confirmed cases of leptospirosis in Manaus, from 2000 to 2010. METHODS: A descriptive study based on secondary data analysis of Secretaria Municipal de Saúde (SEMSA, Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação SINAN and Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade (SIM analyzing the variables: age group, gender, clinical aspects and geographic area and lethality. RESULTS: Were reported 665 cases of leptospirosis, 339 were confirmed and 35 (10.3% died. The largest number of cases occurred in May (16.8%, March (13.3% and April (11.4%, a period of intense rainfall. The city areas with the greatest occurrence of the disease were South (26.6%, West (23.5% and East (19.7%, areas of the greatest precariousness socio-environment. The largest number of cases, including deaths, occurred in the age group from 14 to 44.9 years (74%, being that 291 (85.8% were male and 48 (14.1% females. The most frequent symptoms were fever, myalgia, headache and jaundice. In relation to the social conditions were identified low education, poor housing, absence of sanitation and low income. CONCLUSIONS: In Manaus, despite the implementation of the Social and Environmental Program of Igarapés of Manaus (PROSAMIM, there are still areas that need a proper urbanization and improvements in socio-environmental conditions, reducing the level of exposure of the human beings that living in these locations.

  19. Clean Energy in City Codes: A Baseline Analysis of Municipal Codification across the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cook, Jeffrey J. [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Aznar, Alexandra [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Dane, Alexander [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Day, Megan [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Mathur, Sivani [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Doris, Elizabeth [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-12-01

    Municipal governments in the United States are well positioned to influence clean energy (energy efficiency and alternative energy) and transportation technology and strategy implementation within their jurisdictions through planning, programs, and codification. Municipal governments are leveraging planning processes and programs to shape their energy futures. There is limited understanding in the literature related to codification, the primary way that municipal governments enact enforceable policies. The authors fill the gap in the literature by documenting the status of municipal codification of clean energy and transportation across the United States. More directly, we leverage online databases of municipal codes to develop national and state-specific representative samples of municipal governments by population size. Our analysis finds that municipal governments with the authority to set residential building energy codes within their jurisdictions frequently do so. In some cases, communities set codes higher than their respective state governments. Examination of codes across the nation indicates that municipal governments are employing their code as a policy mechanism to address clean energy and transportation.

  20. LA PREVALENCIA DE EXCESO DE PESO ENTRE ADOLESCENTES DE ESCUELAS PRIVADAS DE FORTALEZA: DATOS PRELIMINARES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MÁRCIO FLÁVIO MOURA DE ARAÚJO

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El exceso de peso es, actualmente, una condición que predispone los adolescnetes a varias enfermedades crónicas en el futuro. Así, el objetivo fue detectar casos de sobrepeso y obesidad en adolescentes de escuelas particulares de la ciudad de Fortaleza. Han sido investigados 307 estudiantes entre 12 y 17, en los meses de marzo y junio de 2007, mediante la aplicación de una encuesta en que se registraron las caracterísiticas socio y demográficas, el peso, la estatura y el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC. Los resultados señalaron que 41,4% de los adolescentes tenían entre 14 y 15 años, 51,5% se quedaban en la enseñanza media, 55,4% eran del sexo femenino y 23,2% se quedaban con el IMC arriba del normal. De eses, 19,9% tenían sobrepeso, 3,3% obesidad, 12,9% eran del sexo masculino y 11% se encontraban con la edad entre 12 y 13 años. En ese contexto, el enfermero debe implementar acciones de intervención y prevención como la educación en salud, detección precoz de casos de exceso de peso.

  1. Cogeneration in Mexico: Weaknesses, Threats, strengths and opportunities; Cogeneracion en Mexico: Debilidades, amenazas, fortalezas y oportunidades

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elizalde Baltierra, Alberto; Garcia Pelaez, Juan [Programa Universitario de Energia, UNAM (Mexico)

    1997-07-01

    In this paper the strategies are formulated and evaluated, taking into account the internal and external aspects of the cogeneration in Mexico that foment their development in the medium term (two or four years). In the formulation of strategies a matrix DAFO (Weaknesses, Threats, Strengths and Opportunities) is employed and in the evaluation is applied the procedure of analytical hierarchical structuring. The future on the cogeneration in the next years will depend on diverse factors, among which can be mentioned: the legal frame; the financial situation of the interested companies; the outsourcing of financing; the prices of the electricity and fuels, as well as their availability, among others. [Spanish] En este trabajo se formulan y evaluan estrategias que, tomando en cuenta los aspectos internos y externos de la cogeneracion en Mexico, fomenten su desarrollo en el mediano plazo (dos o cuatro anos). En la formulacion de estrategias se emplea la matriz DAFO (Debilidades, Amenazas, Fortalezas y Oportunidades) y en la evaluacion se aplica el procedimiento de jerarquizacion analitica. El futuro de la cogeneracion en los proximos anos dependera de diversos factores, entre los que se pueden mencionar: el marco legal; la situacion financiera de las empresas interesadas; las fuentes externas de financiamiento; los precios de la electricidad y de los combustibles, asi como su disponibilidad, entre otros.

  2. La formación actual del médico: fortalezas y debilidades

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    X. Clèries

    Full Text Available Las “Jornadas estatales de estudio y debate sobre el futuro de la formación integral del médico ¿bioingeniería o medicina?” que se realizaron en Barcelona el 8 y 9 de febrero de 2008 fueron el marco para que un grupo de trabajo abordara el tema de las fortalezas y debilidades de la formación actual del médico. Las principales aportaciones se estructuraron en los tres niveles educativos siguientes: pregrado, posgrado y formación continuada. Se destacó la necesidad de una formación integral y psicosocial en la enseñanza de pregrado, la conveniencia de una estructuración troncal de la formación de posgrado para conseguir una mayor transversalidad de la competencia del médico y la contextualización de la formación continuada en el desarrollo profesional de cada médico. El predominio de los conocimientos biomédicos y tecnológicos en la formación actual del médico contrastan con las demandas de carácter psicosocial de una gran parte de la población en el sistema sanitario.

  3. Asistencia a mujeres embarazadas con VIH/sida en Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil

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    Karla Santana Azevedo Damasceno

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio es analizar los resultados perinatales de las medidas profilácticas adoptadas en la prevención de la transmisión vertical del VIH. Se realizó una investigación de las historias clínicas de 168 mujeres con VIH y sus recién nacidos en una maternidad pública de Fortaleza, estado de Ceará, entre 2005 y 2009. Los datos se obtuvieron entre los meses de marzo y septiembre de 2010 y fueron analizados con el programa SPSS 10.0. Las embarazadas que conocían el diagnóstico en forma previa al embarazo tuvieron una rápida atención que permitió una terapia antirretroviral eficaz y un mayor número de controles (p<0,05. Se administró terapia antirretroviral al 97,6% de las embarazadas, triple esquema al 88,7%; AZT intraparto al 95,2% y AZT oral en jarabe al 100% de los recién nacidos. Predominó la cesárea (92,8% asociada al AZT intraparto al ser cotejada con el parto vaginal (p<0,001. La cesárea proporcionó mayor administración de AZT intraparto.

  4. Corpos e espaços híbridos na Delegacia da Mulher em Fortaleza

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    Ricardo Pimentel Méllo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This study has arisen from a research on spousal violence and alcohol drinking. In 2009, we made eight visits to theWomen Protection Police Station of Fortaleza (DDM. We studied how the people (bodies who go to this PoliceStation are placed as if they presented “identities” which outline their ways of life. We used observations, notes,photography, and talks, mapping the composition of the spaces: how they are constituted, to whom they aredestined, and why. We realized that the diversity in the DDM is ordered into the duality female/male. The way inwhich the bodies are positioned creates borders between women (whom the Police Station must protect and men(against whom the women should be protected. This reflects in the way that movable ornaments are placed and inthe authorizations and prohibitions regarding the circulation in the rooms. Thus, there is, at the DDM, anorganization of humans and non-humans in heteronormative positions. There is also a resistance against that, butwith less visibility.

  5. Coliforms and Salmonella in seawater near to domestic sewage sources in Fortaleza (Ceará, Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melo, M T; Vieira, R H; Saker-Sampaio, S; Hofer, E

    1997-12-01

    The bacteriological conditions of the coastal region of Fortaleza (Ceará, Brasil), including the coastal zones of the Ceará and Cocó rivers, were examined. The study was conducted during June, September and December 1993, and March 1994. The region was divided into two areas: (i) Direct Influence Area (DIA), consisting of 20 sampling stations located near to discharge zones of the submarine pipeline system, where collections were carried out at the surface, and (ii) Indirect Influence Area (IIA), located near to the coastal zone, including Barra do Ceará, Kartódromo, Volta de Jurema, Mucuripe, Farol and Caça e Pesca beaches, totalling 26 sampling stations. The most probable number (MPN) of both total and fecal coliforms in DIA was positive only in station number 6, near to the sewage discharge exit. The following bacteria were identified: Citrobacter sp., Enterobacter aerogenes and Escherichia coli. Kartódromo beach was contaminated throughout the sampling period. Results of total fecal MPN was essentially lower than 3.0 x 10(2) coliforms/100 ml at Caça e Pesca beach. In December, at both DIA and IIA, Salmonella was identified in several samples. In DIA, the spatial distribution for Salmonella suggests that there should be a coastal sea current from east to west along the coastline. In IIA, Salmonella was identified at Kartódromo and Farol beaches throughout the sampling period.

  6. Tuberculose: subnotificação de casos que evoluíram para o óbito em Fortaleza-CE Tuberculosis: underreporting of tuberculosis cases that resulted in death in Fortaleza-CE

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    Mônica Cardoso Façanha

    2005-03-01

    for secondary data on tuberculosis cases that led to death between 1999 and 2003 and that were registered in the Mortality Information System - SIM of Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazilian city. Variables for comparison were names, dates of birth and mothers' names. Of all registered deaths, 610 had tuberculosis as one of the causes and 204 (33.4% were found in Sinan. Rescuing these 406 cases result in a 5.9% increase in total tuberculosis cases reported in Sinan. Sinan registered 153 tuberculosis cases that resulted in death, and an additional reporting of 406 cases increases cases that resulted in death by 265.4%. Tuberculosis was the basic cause in 438 (71.8%. Reported cases varied from 39% in 2001 to 19% in 2003 (p=0.03. Three hundred and twenty-four (53.1% deaths occurred in five hospitals that led to 114 (55.9% cases reported. Tuberculosis cases that resulted in death were underreported and SIM was an important source of rescuing severe cases and should be used more frequently.

  7. A study of indoor radon levels and radon effective dose in dwellings of some cities of Gezira State in Sudan

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    Elzain Abd-Elmoniem Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Exposure to natural sources of radiation, especially 222Rn and its short-lived daughter products has become an important issue throughout the world because sustained exposure of humans to indoor radon may cause lung cancer. The indoor radon concentration level and radon effective dose rate were carried out in the dwellings of Medani, El Hosh, Elmanagil, Haj Abd Allah, and Wad Almahi cities, Gezira State - Central Sudan, in 393 measurements, using passive integrated solid-state nuclear track devices containing allyl diglycol carbonate plastic detectors. The radon concentration in the corresponding dwellings was found to vary from (57 ± 8 Bq/m3 in Medani to 41 ± 9 Bq/m3 in Wad Almahi, with an average of 49 ± 10 Bq/m3. Assuming an indoor occupancy factor of 0.8 and 0.4 for the equilibrium factor of radon indoors, we found that the annual effective dose rate from 222Rn in the studied dwellings ranges from 1.05 to 1.43 mSv per year and the relative lung cancer risk for radon exposure was 1.044%. In this research, we also correlated the relationship of radon concentration and building age. From our study, it is clear that the annual effective dose rate is larger than the “normal” background level as quoted by UNSCEAR, lower than the recommended action level of ICRP, and less than the maximum permissible dose defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency.

  8. Local knowledge of traditional fishermen on economically important crabs (Decapoda: Brachyura in the city of Conde, Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil

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    de Magalhães Henrique

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This article records the traditional knowledge of crab gatherers in the city of Conde, in the North Coast Region of Bahia State, Northeastern Brazil. Methods Data on biological and ecological aspects of economically important brachyuran crustaceans have been obtained from semi-structured interviews and in loco observations conducted from September 2007 to December 2009. A total of 57 fishermen of both genders, aged between 10 and 78 years have been interviewed (individually or collectively in different contexts; interviewees were asked about aspects such as external morphology, life cycle, trophic ecology, and spatial and temporal distribution of the major economically important brachyuran crustaceans in the region. Seven fishing communities were visited: Siribinha, Sítio do Conde, Poças, Ilha das Ostras, Cobó, Buri and Sempre Viva. Data were analyzed by comparing the information provided by participants with those from the specialized academic literature. Results The results show that artisanal fishermen have a wide ranging and well-grounded knowledge on the ecological and biological aspects of crustaceans. Crab gatherers of Conde know about growth and reproductive behavior of the animals they interact with, especially with regard to the three major biological aspects: “molt”, “walking dance” and “spawning”. Conclusion This knowledge constitutes an important source of information that should be considered in studies of management and sustainable use of fishery resources in the North Coast Region of Bahia State.

  9. Characterization of isolated communities: application in the city of Ubatuba, Sao Paulo state, Brazil; Caracterizacao de comunidades isoladas: aplicacao em comunicade de Ubatura/SP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Maria Julita Guerra [Secretaria de Estado de Energia, Recursos Hidricos e Saneamento (SERHS), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: mjulita@sp.gov.br; Pilla, Adelina Teixeira Fonseca de [Equilibrio, Desenvolvimento Ambiental Ltda., Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: adelina.fonseca@uol.com.br

    2004-07-01

    This paper presents a methodology for characterization of isolated communities, developed on a consultant work for the Ministry of Mines and Energy - MME. It still presents the application of this methodology of analysis on a isolated community in the city of Ubatuba, Sao Paulo state. (author)

  10. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 FileGDB 10.1

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  11. Parasitism of Ixodes (Multidentatus auritulus Neumann (Acari: Ixodidae on birds from the city of Curitiba, state of Paraná, southern Brazil

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    Márcia Arzua

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available The tick-bird relationship of 56 specimens of birds (Passeriformes and Columbiformes collected in the city of Curitiba, State of Paraná, between 1990 and 1995, among which 102 specimens of Ixodes (Multidentatus auritulus were found and analyzed. New host records were also produced including the first report of I. auritulus on a Columbiformes bird in Brazil.

  12. The Right Start for America's Newborns: A Decade of City and State Trends (1990-1999). Child Trends/KIDS COUNT Working Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wertheimer, Richard; O'Hare, William; Croan, Tara; Jager, Justin; Long, Melissa; Reynolds, Megan

    This paper traces the history of "The Right Start," discussing differences between the 50 largest cities and the nation overall and differences among states. It highlights eight measures reflecting a healthy start: teen births, repeat teen births, births to unmarried women, births to mothers with low educational attainment, late or no pregnancy…

  13. City 2020+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.

    2010-09-01

    This research initiative CITY 2020+ assesses the risks and opportunities for residents in urban built environments under projected demographic and climate change for the year 2020 and beyond, using the City of Aachen as a case study. CITY 2020+ develops scenarios, options and tools for planning and developing sustainable future city structures. We investigate how urban environment, political structure and residential behavior can best be adapted, with attention to the interactions among structural, political, and sociological configurations and with their consequences on human health. Demographers project that in the EU-25-States by 2050, approximately 30% of the population will be over age 65. Also by 2050, average tem¬peratures are projected to rise by 1 to 2 K. Combined, Europe can expect enhanced thermal stress and higher levels of particulate matter. CITY 2020+ amongst other sub-projects includes research project dealing with (1) a micro-scale assessment of blockages to low-level cold-air drainage flow into the city centre by vegetation and building structures, (2) a detailed analysis of the change of probability density functions related to the occurrence of heat waves during summer and the spatial and temporal structure of the urban heat island (UHI) (3) a meso-scale analysis of particulate matter (PM) concentrations depending on topography, local meteorological conditions and synoptic-scale weather patterns. First results will be presented specifically from sub-projects related to vegetation barriers within cold air drainage, the assessment of the UHI and the temporal and spatial pattern of PM loadings in the city centre. The analysis of the cold air drainage flow is investigated in two consecutive years with a clearing of vegetation stands in the beginning of the second year early in 2010. The spatial pattern of the UHI and its possible enhancement by climate change is addressed employing a unique setup using GPS devices and temperature probes fixed to

  14. Características dos atendimentos e satisfação das mães com a assistência prestada na atenção básica a menores de 5 anos em Fortaleza, Ceará Characteristics of consultation and mothers' satisfaction in primary care for children under 5 years of age, Fortaleza, Brazil

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    Márcia Maria Tavares Machado

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem por objetivo descrever aspectos relacionados às dimensões de acesso, características do atendimento e fatores associados à satisfação das mães em Fortaleza, Ceará. Estudo observacional, transversal, de base populacional, realizado em 2008. Foram incluídas famílias que tinham ao menos uma criança menor de 5 anos residindo no domicilio e que fossem usuárias do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS. Para as associações estatísticas utilizou-se o qui-quadrado de Pearson e quando pertinente o teste exato de Fisher. Participaram do estudo 350 famílias. A maioria dos motivos alegados para a consulta era por doença e, em maior escala, realizada por médicos; dois terços das mães referiram ter ficado satisfeitas com o ultimo atendimento recebido pela criança. Os principais fatores associados a essa satisfação foram: o profissional ter tratado a mãe/criança pelo nome, o atendimento ter ocorrido no dia em que a mãe necessitou e a sala de espera da unidade possuir entretenimento. O acesso à atenção primária foi bem avaliado, sendo considerado como um ponto positivo. A satisfação das usuárias está relacionada com a relação estabelecida com os profissionais de saúde, porém a organização do serviço e a infraestrutura das unidades ainda são considerados pontos frágeis.The scope of this study is to describe aspects related to the dimensions of access, the service characteristics and factors associated with satisfaction of mothers in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará. It is an observational, cross-sectional population-based study conducted in 2008 in Fortaleza, Ceará. Families with at least one child under 5 years of age living at home and who were users of the Unified Health System (SUS were included, The Pearson chi-square test, and when appropriate the Fisher exact test, were used for the statistical associations. The study included 350 families. Most reasons given for the consultation was sickness and on a larger

  15. Seroprevalence of and risk factors for leptospirosis in the City of Manaus, State of Amazonas, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Luciete Almeida; Lima, Kátia Maria da Silva; Fernandes, Ormezinda Celeste Cristo; Balassiano, Ilana Teruszkin; Avelar, Kátia Eliane Santos; Jesus, Michele Silva de

    2016-01-01

    Leptospirosis is caused by a bacterium of the genus Leptospira. This study aimed at investigating the seroprevalence of and risk factors for leptospirosis in humans in Manaus, State of Amazonas. Interviews were performed, and 1,000 blood serum samples were examined using a microscopic agglutination test. Forty-three cases were positive; there were 10 serotypes, with coagglutination in 8 cases. The most frequently occurring serotypes were Icterohaemorrhagiae (20.7%), Cynopteri (20.7%), Australis (18.8%), and Copenhageni (16.9%), and the Midwest (54.7%) and South (23.8%) had the most cases; these areas lack basic sanitation. Disease occurrence might be reduced through improved basic infrastructural conditions.

  16. [Hygiene practices in a street market in the city of Salvador, Bahia State].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minnaert, Ana Cláudia de Sá Teles; Freitas, Maria do Carmo Soares

    2010-06-01

    The main objective of this research is to understand the meaning of the practices concerning food hygiene in a street market in Salvador, the capital of Bahia State in Brazil. The ethnographic study presents two main categories for symbolic production related to hygiene practices: cleanliness as order and dirtiness as disorder. These cultural codes make correspondence with the studies of Mary Douglas and Nobert Elias. The codes present particularities to decode everyday life, in which concept and hygiene practices are aspects normalized, in daily activity, for persons who share the space of street market: vendors, consumers, street cleaners and official inspectors. The techno-scientific knowledge and sanitary legislation are strange to the symbolic system of street market vendors. The laws are ineffective and their influence is of little importance in the creation of hygiene practices. Official inspectors' attitudes are coercive and punitive and do not take into account any cultural values when enforcing new hygiene practices.

  17. Barriers to use of modern contraceptives among women in an inner city area of Osogbo metropolis, Osun State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asekun–Olarinmoye EO

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available EO Asekun-Olarinmoye,1 WO Adebimpe,1 JO Bamidele,2 OO Odu,2 IO Asekun-Olarinmoye,3 EO Ojofeitimi41Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Osun State University, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria; 2Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria; 3Department of Community Health, School of Public and Allied Health, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria; 4Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Osun State, NigeriaObjectives: To determine the knowledge and attitudes on modern contraceptive use of women living in an inner city area of Osogbo.Materials and methods: Three hundred and fifty nine women of childbearing age were studied utilizing a community-based, descriptive, cross-sectional study design. A multistage random sampling technique was used in recruiting respondents to the study. A four-part questionnaire was applied dually, by interviewers and by respondents' self administration, and the data was analyzed using the SPSS software version 17.0.Results: The mean age of respondents was 28.6 ± 6.65 years. The majority (90.3% of respondents were aware of modern methods of family planning (FP, 76.0% claimed awareness of where to obtain FP services, and 74.9% knew of at least five methods. However, only 30.6% had ever used contraceptives, while only 13.1% were current users. The most frequently used method was the male condom. The commonly perceived barriers accounting for low use of FP methods were fear of perceived side effects (44.0%, ignorance (32.6%, misinformation (25.1%, superstition (22.0%, and culture (20.3%. Some reasons were proffered for respondents' nonuse of modern contraception. Predictors of use of modern contraceptives include the awareness of a place of FP service provision, respondents' approval of the use of contraceptives, higher education status, and

  18. Necessidades educacionais dos profissionais da Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF: possibilidades de Educação em Saúde no município de Fortaleza (CE Educational needs assessment of Family Health Strategy (FHS professionals: possibilities of health education in Fortaleza Las necesidades educativas de los profesionales de la Estrategia de Salud Familiar (ESF: las posibilidades de la Educación para la Salud en Fortaleza (CE

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    Tatiana Monteiro Fiúza

    2012-12-01

    profissionais é fundamental.

    Curricular reforms and the change in the training profile of health professionals face many challenges. The aim of this study was to characterize the educational needs in health perceived and represented by higher education professionals, who were recently approved in the municipal contest, practicing in the Family Health Strategy (FHS in Fortaleza, State of Ceara. It is a two-phase descriptive study: a cross-sectional study, with the application of a survey to assess the needs of health education, carried out in 2006; and a documental analysis of the actions taken for the continuing education of professionals from the municipal health system performed by the Municipal Health Secretary of Fortaleza in 2011. Data was collected through a semi-structured questionnaire applied to physicians, nurses and dentists. From the universe of 900 newly gazetted professionals, our convenience sample counted on 375 respondents. Regarding the desire to carry out graduate studies, it was possible to observe that the master’s degree training, residency in family and community medicine, and multi-professional residency in family health were significant needs expressed by the professionals in this study. Moreover, practitioners also noted the need to punctual 40-hour courses. Continuing education is cited in the literature and in the current study as a way to improve the quality of the FHS, once it focuses on work processes to build the educational process. To generate effective health education processes of reflection-action-reflection in the daily working, a political connection with the change in the training profile of health professionals must be promoted and, to this end, highlighting the educational needs of professionals is essential.

    Las reformas curriculares y el cambio en el perfil de la formación del profesional de la Salud presentan muchos desafíos. El objetivo de este estudio

  19. Estado nutricional de lactentes em áreas periféricas de Fortaleza

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    Nadia Tavares SOARES

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo foi realizado com a finalidade de caracterizar a prevalência da má nutrição entre crianças menores de um ano vinculadas ao Fundo Cristão para Crianças em dois bairros periféricos de Fortaleza: Presidente Kennedy e Álvaro Weine. Desnutrição protéico-energética, obesidade e anemia ferropriva foram diagnosticadas através dos seguintes indicadores: peso ao nascer +2 desvios-padrão da mediana de referência do National Center for Health Statistics, hemoglobina < 11 g/dl, hematócrito < 32%, volume corpuscular médio <72 fl e hemoglobina corpuscular média < 24 pg. O peso ao nascer foi obtido através da entrevista domiciliar, enquanto que as demais medidas antropométricas e as amostras de sangue foram colhidas em uma das unidades do Fundo Cristão para Crianças, seguindo os procedimentos técnicos recomendados. Das 110 crianças catalogadas, 96 foram pesadas e medidas e 75 fizeram o exame de sangue. A análise dos dados revelou 7% de baixo peso ao nascer, 10% de desnutrição crônica, 8% de obesidade e 60% de anemia. Possivelmente, a dieta que as crianças receberam contribuiu para o comprometimento nutricional encontrado. Parece essencial a realização de mais estudos sobre prática alimentar nestas comunidades.

  20. Estado nutricional de lactentes em áreas periféricas de Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SOARES Nadia Tavares

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo foi realizado com a finalidade de caracterizar a prevalência da má nutrição entre crianças menores de um ano vinculadas ao Fundo Cristão para Crianças em dois bairros periféricos de Fortaleza: Presidente Kennedy e Álvaro Weine. Desnutrição protéico-energética, obesidade e anemia ferropriva foram diagnosticadas através dos seguintes indicadores: peso ao nascer +2 desvios-padrão da mediana de referência do National Center for Health Statistics, hemoglobina < 11 g/dl, hematócrito < 32%, volume corpuscular médio <72 fl e hemoglobina corpuscular média < 24 pg. O peso ao nascer foi obtido através da entrevista domiciliar, enquanto que as demais medidas antropométricas e as amostras de sangue foram colhidas em uma das unidades do Fundo Cristão para Crianças, seguindo os procedimentos técnicos recomendados. Das 110 crianças catalogadas, 96 foram pesadas e medidas e 75 fizeram o exame de sangue. A análise dos dados revelou 7% de baixo peso ao nascer, 10% de desnutrição crônica, 8% de obesidade e 60% de anemia. Possivelmente, a dieta que as crianças receberam contribuiu para o comprometimento nutricional encontrado. Parece essencial a realização de mais estudos sobre prática alimentar nestas comunidades.

  1. Blood culture contamination in Tanzania, Malawi, and the United States: a microbiological tale of three cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archibald, Lennox K; Pallangyo, Kisali; Kazembe, Peter; Reller, L Barth

    2006-12-01

    We conducted retrospective, comparative analyses of contamination rates for cultures of blood obtained in the emergency rooms of Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; Lilongwe Central Hospital (LCH) in central Malawi; and the Duke University Medical Center (DUMC) in the United States. None of the emergency room patients had indwelling intravascular devices at the time that the blood samples for cultures were obtained. In addition, we reviewed the contamination rates for a cohort of patients already hospitalized in the DUMC inpatient medical service, most of whom had indwelling intravascular devices. The bloodstream infection rates among the patients at MNH (n=513) and LCH (n=486) were similar (approximately 28%); the contamination rates at the two hospitals were 1.3% (7/513) and 0.8% (4/486), respectively. Of 54 microorganisms isolated from cultures of blood collected in the DUMC emergency room, 26 (48%) were identified as skin contaminants. Cultures of blood collected in the DUMC emergency room were significantly more likely to yield growth of contaminants than the cultures of blood collected in the emergency rooms at MNH and LCH combined (26/332 versus 11/1,003; Pblood cultures, lower contamination rates were observed when skin was disinfected with isopropyl alcohol plus tincture of iodine rather than isopropyl alcohol plus povidone-iodine. In conclusion, blood culture contamination was minimized in sub-Saharan African hospitals with substantially limited resources through scrupulous attention to aseptic skin cleansing and improved venipuncture techniques. Application of these principles when blood samples for culture are obtained in U.S. hospital emergency rooms should help mitigate blood culture contamination rates and the unnecessary microbiology workup of skin contaminants.

  2. Desafio do Núcleo de Atenção Médica Integrada diante da necessidade de inserção de fonoaudiólogo na Rede Municipal de Saúde de Fortaleza The challenge of Núcleo de Atenção Médica Integrada in view of the need to include the speech-language pathologist in Fortaleza's Municipal Health System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Emília Macedo Lopes Silva

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Demonstrar a necessidade da inserção do fonoaudiólogo na rede municipal de saúde de Fortaleza-CE, diante da elevada demanda de usuários e da escassez de serviços gratuitos de fonoaudiologia nesse município. MÉTODOS: Estudo documental, transversal e descritivo com abordagem quantitativa, realizado de julho e setembro de 2008, no qual foram analisados os documentos de atendimentos fonoaudiológicos do Núcleo de Atenção Médica Integrada da Universidade de Fortaleza (NAMI-Unifor, no período de janeiro de 2006 a dezembro de 2007. RESULTADOS: Houve predomínio de atendimento das faixas etárias de 0 e 6 anos no setor de audiologia, (22,05%; e de 0 a 10 anos no setor de fonoterapia, (58,09%. O exame audiológico mais procurado foi a audiometria (65,78%; o principal responsável pelo encaminhamento ao setor de audiologia foi o otorrinolaringologista (56,39%. No setor de fonoterapia, a linguagem foi a área com maior prevalência de atendimentos (36,99%. A terapia em grupo atingiu percentual significativo, com 37,27%, em 2007. Foi registrada queda no número de atendimentos durante o período de recesso da Universidade, devido à redução do número de alunos. CONCLUSÃO: Com um trabalho em nível de atenção primária, no que concerne à saúde da comunicação humana/deglutição, haveria diminuição de gastos públicos com o tratamento das alterações fonoaudiológicas nos demais níveis de atenção. A presença do fonoaudiólogo nas Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS possibilitaria a melhoria da qualidade de vida da população em todos os ciclos de vida, além da redução da sobrecarga nos serviços gratuitos que prestam atendimento fonoaudiológico no município de Fortaleza.PURPOSE: To demonstrate the need to include the speech-language pathologist and audiologist in the municipal health system of the city of Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil, due to the high demand of patients and the lack of public speech-language and

  3. Prevalence of behavior problems and associated factors in preschool children from the city of Salvador, state of Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia M. dos Santos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective:To identify the prevalence of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems among preschoolers from the city of Salvador, state of Bahia, Brazil, and their associations with maternal mental health and family characteristics.Methods:This was a cross-sectional study of 349 children aged 49 to 72 months, randomly selected from 20,000 households representing the range of socioeconomic and environmental conditions in Salvador. In 1999, we assessed sociodemographic variables and family environment characteristics. In 2001, we used the Child Behavior Checklist to measure and describe the frequencies of behavior problems. We conducted bivariate and multivariate analysis to estimate associations between family and maternal factors and prevalence of behavior problems.Results:The overall prevalence of behavior problems was 23.5%. The prevalence of internalizing problems was 9.7%, and that of externalizing problems, 25.2%. Behavior problems were associated with several maternal mental health variables, namely: presence of at least one psychiatric diagnosis (odds radio [OR] 3.01, 95%CI 1.75-5.18, anxiety disorder (OR 2.06, 95%CI 1.20-3.46, affective disorder (OR 2.10, 95%CI 1.21-3.65, and mental health disorders due to use of psychoactive substances (OR 2.31, 95%CI 1.18-4.55.Conclusion:The observed prevalence of child behavior problems fell within the range reported in previous studies. Maternal mental health is an important risk factor for behavior problems in preschool-aged children.

  4. Food contamination in fast food restaurants in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria: Implications for food hygiene and safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isara, A R; Isah, E C; Lofor, P V O; Ojide, C K

    2010-08-01

    To determine the prevalence of food contamination in the fast food restaurants operating in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Three hundred and fifty food handlers were selected by means of a systematic sampling method and interviewed using a semi-structured researcher-administered questionnaire. One hundred and sixty-eight samples of ready-to-eat food and 45 stool samples were collected and analysed in the laboratory for the presence of bacteria (excluding anaerobic bacteria). More than half of the respondents (n=184, 52.6%) had no training in food hygiene and safety. Only 149 (42.6%) respondents knew that micro-organisms can contaminate food. The prevalence of food contamination in the fast food restaurants was found to be 37.5%. Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus were the most commonly isolated bacteria, while salad, meat pie and fried rice were the most commonly contaminated foods. There is need for the relevant local authorities to ensure that the food sold to consumers in fast food restaurants is safe, wholesome and fit for human consumption in order to prevent outbreaks of food-borne illnesses. Also, there should be regular training/retraining and health education of these food handlers in all aspects of food hygiene and safety. Copyright 2010 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. [Nutritional deficit in children in a major city of the interior of the state of Bahia, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jesus, Gilmar Mercês; Castelão, Elizia Simões; Vieira, Tatiana de Oliveira; Gomes, Daiene Rosa; Vieira, Graciete Oliveira

    2014-05-01

    The study sought to analyze the nutritional deficit of children and associated environmental factors and maternal and infant characteristics in a major city in the interior of the state of Bahia. Information from mother/child-under-four duos of a birth cohort was assessed. Malnutrition was defined by the height-for-age (H/A) anthropometric index, at a cutoff of -1 z-score relative to the benchmark of the 2006 Multicentre Growth Reference Study. The variables studied were: the characteristics of children (birth weight and multiple births) and mothers (age at the time of birth, education level, parity and performing prenatal exams) and environmental factors (floor and roof material of residence, source of water consumed, indoor plumbing, water used for consumption and ownership of a refrigerator). Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with nutritional deficit. Nutritional deficit occurred in 24.6% of children. Underweight at birth, inadequate prenatal care, precarious nature of the floor of the home and no indoor plumbing were predictors of malnutrition among children in the study. Factors associated with malnutrition confirm the contribution of social issues in the genesis of malnutrition.

  6. Strongyloides stercoralis and other Enteroparasites in Children at Uberlândia City, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigues Machado Eleuza

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate the rate of infection by Strongyloides stercoralis and other enteroparasites a survey was conducted in the city of Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. A total of 900 stool samples from 300 children aging from four months to seven years, randomly selected in ten nursery schools from September 1994 to December 1995, were examined, both by the Baermann-Moraes and Lutz methods. Thirty nine children (13% were found to be infected by S. stercoralis, 64.1% were boys and 35.9% were girls. Taking all the enteroparasites as a whole the results of the survey pointed out that 265 (88.4% of the 300 children were infected by the following: Giardia lamblia, 78.3%; Ascaris lumbricoides, 15.3%; S. stercoralis, 13%; Hymenolepis nana, 6.7%; hookworms, 6%; Enterobius vermicularis, 4%; Hymenole-pis diminuta, 4% and Trichuris trichiura, 0.7%. From 265 infected children 64.5% were mono-infected, 27.2% were infected by two parasites and 8.3% had a poly-specific parasite burden. It was concluded that strongyloidiasis is hyperendemic in this area

  7. Adolescent pregnancy and completion of basic education: a study of young people in three state capital cities in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeida, Maria da Conceição Chagas de; Aquino, Estela M L

    2011-12-01

    This study evaluated the association between adolescent pregnancy and the completion of basic education, mediated by macrosocial indicators. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted with individuals between the ages of 18 and 24 in three Brazilian cities. For the purposes of this study, individuals between the ages of 20 and 24 were selected from this sample survey that included 4,634 people. A total of 29.6% of the girls declared that they had become pregnant prior to reaching the age of 20, while 21.4% of the boys stated that they had made a girl pregnant in adolescence. Girls from households with a per capita family income of US$70 or less and who became pregnant at least once during adolescence were more likely to have not completed basic education; whereas from households with a per capita family income of US$70 or less, with parents who separated before the adolescent reached the age of 20 and that had made a partner pregnant prior reaching the age of 20 were more likely to have not completed basic education. It is vital that the school system provides girls and boys with guidance on sexuality and contraception and encourages them to remain in education.

  8. The Relationship between Natural Park Usage and Happiness Does Not Hold in a Tropical City-State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saw, Le E; Lim, Felix K S; Carrasco, Luis R

    2015-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that contact with urban green spaces can produce positive effects on people's stress, health and well-being levels. However, much of this research has been conducted in the temperate regions of Europe or North America. Additionally, most studies have only compared the effects of urban and natural areas on health and well-being, but not made a finer distinction between different types of urban green spaces. We tested the relationship between well-being and the access or use of different types of green spaces among young adults in Singapore, a tropical city-state. The results showed that extraversion and emotional stability increased subjective well-being, positive affect and life satisfaction and decreased stress and negative affect. In addition, we found that level of physical activity increased positive affect and health problems increased negative affect. Neither access to green spaces nor the use of green spaces in Singapore significantly affected the well-being metrics considered, contradicting findings in the temperate regions of the world. We hypothesize that the differences in temperature and humidity and the higher greenery and biodiversity levels outside parks in Singapore could explain this phenomenon. Our results thus question the universality of the relationship between well-being and park usage and highlight the need for more research into the multifaceted effects of green spaces on well-being in the tropics.

  9. Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis vaccination coverage before, during, and after pregnancy - 16 States and New York City, 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahluwalia, Indu B; Ding, Helen; D'Angelo, Denise; Shealy, Kristen H; Singleton, James A; Liang, Jennifer; Rosenberg, Kenneth D

    2015-05-22

    In June 2011, the Advisory Committee on Immunizations Practices (ACIP) recommended 1 dose of a tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine during pregnancy for women who had not received Tdap previously. Before 2011, Tdap was recommended for unvaccinated women either before pregnancy or postpartum. In October 2012, ACIP expanded the 2011 recommendation, advising pregnant women to be vaccinated with Tdap during each pregnancy to provide maternal antibodies for each infant. The optimal time for vaccination is at 27-36 weeks' gestation as recommended by ACIP. In response to ACIP's Tdap recommendation for pregnant women in 2011, CDC added a supplemental question to the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) survey to determine women's Tdap vaccination status before, during, or after their most recent delivery. This report describes overall and state-specific Tdap vaccination coverage around the time of pregnancy using data from 6,852 sampled women who delivered a live-born infant during September-December 2011 in one of 16 states or New York City (NYC). Among the 17 jurisdictions, the median percentage of women with live births who reported any Tdap vaccination was 55.7%, ranging from 38.2% in NYC to 76.6% in Nebraska. The median percentage who received Tdap before pregnancy was 13.9% (range = 7.7%-20.1%), during pregnancy was 9.8% (range = 3.8%-14.2%), and after delivery was 30.9% (range = 13.6%-46.5%). The PRAMS data indicate a wide variation in Tdap vaccination coverage among demographic groups, with generally higher postpartum coverage for non-Hispanic white women, those who started prenatal care in the first trimester, and those who had private health insurance coverage. This information can be used for promoting evidence-based strategies to communicate the importance of ACIP guidelines related to Tdap vaccination coverage to women and their prenatal care providers.

  10. Aprecio a la belleza como fortaleza del carácter y creencias asociadas en adultos venezolanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elena Garassini Chávez

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación consistió en describir las creencias y manifestaciones culturales sobre la apreciación a la belleza como fortaleza del carácter en una muestra de 100 adultos venezolanos. Se utilizó el cuestionario VIA de fortalezas personales y un cuestionario de creencias sobre el aprecio a la belleza creado para esta investigación. Se concluyó que el aprecio a la belleza como fortaleza del carácter del venezolano se encuentra en una posición intermedia. El reconocimiento de la belleza, principalmente en la naturaleza, destaca entre las creencias de esta población, pero se obtuvieron diferencias significativas entre hombres y mujeres. La belleza física de las personas y de las mujeres, así como la estética en la naturaleza y los deportes son aspectos emblemáticos de la cultura venezolana. Abstract This paper aims to describe cultural beliefs and manifestations related to beauty appraisal as a personality strength. 100 Venezuelans were sampled; a personal strengths and beliefs questionnaire related to beauty appraisal (VIA was used to conduct this research. It was concluded that beauty appraisal as a Venezuelan personality strength is in an intermediate position. Beauty recognition, especially in nature, is highlighted among Venezuelan beliefs, but significant differences between men and women were found. Male and female physical beauty as well as esthetics in nature and sports are emblematic aspects of Venezuelan culture.

  11. Rutas turísticas culturales de la provincia de Cádiz: Castillos y fortalezas medievales

    OpenAIRE

    Roldán Corrales, Ana

    2015-01-01

    El presente documento trata sobre una de las rutas turísticas más singulares de la provincia de Cádiz que recorre sus castillos y fortalezas. Se inicia este estudio con una amplia introducción histórica que pretende informar al lector sobre el origen de este extenso Patrimonio Cultural: La Arquitectura defensiva de la provincia de Cádiz, justificada por la situación geoestratégica a lo largo de la historia.

  12. Fortalezas Personales, Inteligencia Emocional y Bienestar Psicológico en estudiantes de Grado de la UVA

    OpenAIRE

    Vadillo Larios, Airam

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo se enmarca dentro de la aproximación teórica de la Psicología Positiva. La evidencia empírica enterior señala que existen algunas fortalezas como la esperanza y la gratitud que inciden directamente en nuestro bienestar y desarrollo personal. Por otra parte, los estudios realizados desde el ámbito de la Inteligencia Emocional , indican que esta es una capacidad importante para nuestro desempeño en la vida. Este estudio es un análisis descriptivo de los niveles de esperanza,...

  13. Fortalezas y debilidades en el manejo del catéter venoso central en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales.

    OpenAIRE

    Ennid Margarita Chamorro; Luz Dary Plaza; Claudia Patricia Valencia; Yolanda Caicedo

    2009-01-01

    Objetivos: se evaluaron, las fortalezas y debilidades para el cumplimiento del protocolo institucional en el manejo de catéteres venosos percutáneos y umbilicales, en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales (UCIN), de una institución de niveles III y IV de atención. Metodología: Mediante un estudio descriptivo-longitudinal se observaron 67 procedimientos relacionados con la incersión, curación y administración de medicamentos o soluciones por un catéter venosos central percutáneo o u...

  14. Fortalezas y debilidades en el manejo del catéter venoso central en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia Patricia Valencia; Luz Dary Plaza; Ennid Margarita Chamorro

    2005-01-01

    Objetivos: se evaluaron, las fortalezas y debilidades para el cumplimiento del protocolo institucional en el manejo de catéteres venosos percutáneos y umbilicales, en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales (UCIN), de una institución de niveles III y IV de atención. Metodología: Mediante un estudio descriptivo-longitudinal se observaron 67 procedimientos relacionados con la incersión, curación y administración de medicamentos o soluciones por un catéter venosos central percutáneo o umbi...

  15. Rutas turísticas culturales de la provincia de Cádiz: Castillos y fortalezas medievales

    OpenAIRE

    Roldán Corrales, Ana

    2015-01-01

    El presente documento trata sobre una de las rutas turísticas más singulares de la provincia de Cádiz que recorre sus castillos y fortalezas. Se inicia este estudio con una amplia introducción histórica que pretende informar al lector sobre el origen de este extenso Patrimonio Cultural: La Arquitectura defensiva de la provincia de Cádiz, justificada por la situación geoestratégica a lo largo de la historia.

  16. Natural radioactivity in soils of the main cities of the State of Chihuahua; Radiactividad natural en suelos de las principales ciudades del Estado de Chihuahua

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colmenero S, L.; Montero C, M.E.; Villalba, L. [CIMAV, Av. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra 120, 31109 Chihuahua (Mexico)]. e-mail: luis.colmenero@cimav.edu.mx

    2003-07-01

    The state of Chihuahua counts with at least 56 uranium zones or of minerals associated to this, being Pena Blanca the greatest and more important deposit of the country. Some of the main cities of the state are near to these deposits, as Aldama and Chihuahua. Its were took samples of soil of 11 cities of the state to determine the natural activity of radionuclides. It was determined the specific activity attributable to the parents of the series of {sup 238} U, {sup 232} Th, and of the {sup 40} K isotopes, as well as effective dose rate H{sub E} in the soil samples. It was used the high resolution gamma spectrometry of a high purity Ge detector in the laboratory of Environmental Radiological Surveillance of the CIMAV. The measure of the activity of the uranium series carries out by means of the lines of 351 KeV of the {sup 214} Pb and of 609 keV of the {sup 214} Bi, while the thorium series it was deduced of the lines of 238 keV of the {sup 212} Pb and of 912 keV of the {sup 228} Ac. Its were carried out copies and replies for the quality control. Its were found high values of specific activity of some radionuclides, in the near cities to uranium deposits like Aldama and Chihuahua. For the cities that are not near to deposits, as Ciudad Juarez and Ojinaga, the found values were normal. Also the effective dose rate was high for the near cities to deposits like Aldama, Bocoyna, Chihuahua, Jimenez and Nuevo Casas Grandes, it is also necessary to determine, the radon in air levels and of radionuclides in consumption water to obtain the dose that the population of those populations receives. (Author)

  17. The role of the welfare state and housing policies as a medium and outcome of rising inequality in the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alves, Sonia; Andersen, Hans Thor

    field of empirical inquiry for scientists concerned with inequality in all its multidimensional forms. The aim of this paper is to draw up the lines between social and spatial inequality in cities through discussion of the role of housing policies and housing markets as an outcome of the rise...... of inequality in the city. In order to capture the complex chain of factors that influence the social geography of cities and their patterns and trends of inequality, this paper seeks to engage with key thinkers such as Pierre Bourdieu, Gosta Esping-Andersen, and Jim Kemeny. In doing so, we raise several...

  18. Investigating ambient ozone formation regimes in neighboring cities of shale plays in the Northeast United States using photochemical modeling and satellite retrievals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Chih-Yuan; Faust, Eric; Hou, Xiangting; Lee, Pius; Kim, Hyun Cheol; Hedquist, Brent C.; Liao, Kuo-Jen

    2016-10-01

    This study investigates long-term (i.e., 2007-2014) fluctuations in ambient ozone formation regimes for cities adjacent to shale plays in the Northeast United States (U.S.). Ozone air quality in many cities of the Northeast U.S. does not meet the U.S. National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), and understanding ambient ozone formation regimes is essential to develop effective air pollution mitigation strategies for cities violating the air quality standards. Since 2013, the U.S. has become the world's largest producer of tight oil and natural gas from shale rock, and previous studies show that emissions of air pollutant precursors from shale oil and gas-related activities would have the potential to affect ambient ozone air quality in adjacent cities of shale plays. This work leveraged (1) satellite-retrieved column densities of formaldehyde (HCHO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) from multiple instruments (i.e., Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment-2 (GOME-2)); (2) photochemical air quality modeling and sensitivity analysis; and (3) ratios of satellite-retrieved air pollutant column densities to investigate ambient ozone formation regimes in neighboring cities of shale plays (i.e., Marcellus Shale) in the Northeast U.S. from 2007 to 2014. Our results show that ambient ozone formation in Boston, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia and Washington, D.C. (which are close to Marcellus Shale) was in the NOx -limited or transition regime during the period of study. Ambient ozone formation in New York City was in the transition regime during 2010-2013 and VOC -limited regime during 2007-2009 and in 2014. Based on the result of this study, we conclude that controls NOx emissions would mitigate ozone air pollution from 2007 to 2014 in most of the cities examined in this study. Controls of local VOC emissions would ease ozone air pollution in New York City during the study period. With projected increases in oil and gas production from shale plays in

  19. Estudio de una organización. Los niveles de felicidad y bienestar y sus fortalezas de carácter

    OpenAIRE

    Torrelles Nadal, Cristina; Alsinet, Carles; Blasco Belled, Ana; Jordana Berenguer, Norma

    2016-01-01

    Pòster presentat al II Congreso Internacional de la Sociedad Científica Española de Psicología Social celebrat a Elx (Alacant), del 20 al 22 d'octubre de 2016 Objetivos: Identicar el clúster de fortalezas de carácter benefcioso para la organización. Explorar la relación entre las fortalezas de carácter, la satisfacción con la vida y la felicidad. Conclusiones: El análisis descriptivo muestra que el clúster de fortalezas destacadas de la organización está formado por la equidad, la bonda...

  20. The State of Ambient Air Quality in Two Ugandan Cities : A Pilot Cross-Sectional Spatial Assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kirenga, Bruce J.; Meng, Qingyu; van Gemert, Frederik; Aanyu-Tukamuhebwa, Hellen; Chavannes, Niels; Katamba, Achilles; Obai, Gerald; van der Molen, Thys; Schwander, Stephan; Mohsenin, Vahid

    Air pollution is one of the leading global public health risks but its magnitude in many developing countries' cities is not known. We aimed to measure the concentration of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter

  1. The State of Ambient Air Quality in Two Ugandan Cities : A Pilot Cross-Sectional Spatial Assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kirenga, Bruce J.; Meng, Qingyu; van Gemert, Frederik; Aanyu-Tukamuhebwa, Hellen; Chavannes, Niels; Katamba, Achilles; Obai, Gerald; van der Molen, Thys; Schwander, Stephan; Mohsenin, Vahid

    2015-01-01

    Air pollution is one of the leading global public health risks but its magnitude in many developing countries' cities is not known. We aimed to measure the concentration of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter

  2. The State of Ambient Air Quality in Two Ugandan Cities : A Pilot Cross-Sectional Spatial Assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kirenga, Bruce J.; Meng, Qingyu; van Gemert, Frederik; Aanyu-Tukamuhebwa, Hellen; Chavannes, Niels; Katamba, Achilles; Obai, Gerald; van der Molen, Thys; Schwander, Stephan; Mohsenin, Vahid

    2015-01-01

    Air pollution is one of the leading global public health risks but its magnitude in many developing countries' cities is not known. We aimed to measure the concentration of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter

  3. Preliminary United States-Mexico border watershed analysis, twin cities area of Nogales, Arizona and Nogales, Sonora

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brady, Laura Margaret; Gray, Floyd; Castaneda, Mario; Bultman, Mark; Bolm, Karen Sue

    2002-01-01

    The United States - Mexico border area faces the challenge of integrating aspects of its binational physical boundaries to form a unified or, at least, compatible natural resource management plan. Specified geospatial components such as stream drainages, mineral occurrences, vegetation, wildlife, and land-use can be analyzed in terms of their overlapping impacts upon one another. Watersheds have been utilized as a basic unit in resource analysis because they contain components that are interrelated and can be viewed as a single interactive ecological system. In developing and analyzing critical regional natural resource databases, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other federal and non-governmental agencies have adopted a ?watershed by watershed? approach to dealing with such complicated issues as ecosystem health, natural resource use, urban growth, and pollutant transport within hydrologic systems. These watersheds can facilitate the delineation of both large scale and locally important hydrologic systems and urban management parameters necessary for sustainable, diversified land-use. The twin border cities area of Nogales, Sonora and Nogales, Arizona, provide the ideal setting to demonstrate the utility and application of a complete, cross-border, geographic information systems (GIS) based, watershed analysis in the characterization of a wide range of natural resource as well as urban features and their interactions. In addition to the delineation of a unified, cross-border watershed, the database contains sewer/water line locations and status, well locations, geology, hydrology, topography, soils, geomorphology, and vegetation data, as well as remotely sensed imagery. This report is preliminary and part of an ongoing project to develop a GIS database that will be widely accessible to the general public, researchers, and the local land management community with a broad range of application and utility.

  4. Eye care infrastructure and human resources for managing diabetic retinopathy in India: The India 11-city 9-state study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Clare E.; Babu, R. Giridhara; Gudlavalleti, Aashrai Sai Venkat; Anchala, Raghupathy; Shukla, Rajan; Ballabh, Pant Hira; Vashist, Praveen; Ramachandra, Srikrishna S.; Allagh, Komal; Sagar, Jayanti; Bandyopadhyay, Souvik; Murthy, G. V. S.

    2016-01-01

    Background: There is a paucity of information on the availability of services for diagnosis and management of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in India. Objectives: The study was undertaken to document existing healthcare infrastructure and practice patterns for managing DR. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 11 cities and included public and private eye care providers. Both multispecialty and stand-alone eye care facilities were included. Information was collected on the processes used in all steps of the program, from how diabetics were identified for screening through to policies about follow-up after treatment by administering a semistructured questionnaire and by using observational checklists. Results: A total of 86 eye units were included (31.4% multispecialty hospitals; 68.6% stand-alone clinics). The availability of a dedicated retina unit was reported by 68.6% (59) facilities. The mean number of outpatient consultations per year was 45,909 per responding facility, with nearly half being new registrations. A mean of 631 persons with sight-threatening-DR (ST-DR) were registered per year per facility. The commonest treatment for ST-DR was laser photocoagulation. Only 58% of the facilities reported having a full-time retina specialist on their rolls. More than half the eye care facilities (47; 54.6%) reported that their ophthalmologists would like further training in retina. Half (51.6%) of the facilities stated that they needed laser or surgical equipment. About 46.5% of the hospitals had a system to track patients needing treatment or for follow-up. Conclusions: The study highlighted existing gaps in service provision at eye care facilities in India. PMID:27144134

  5. Comparative toxicity of size-fractionated airborne particulate matter obtained from different cities in the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilmour, M.I.; McGee, J.; Duvall, R.M.; Dailey, L.; Daniels, M.; Boykin, E.; Cho, S.H.; Doerfler, D.; Gordon, T.; Devlin, R.B. [US EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

    2007-07-01

    Hundreds of epidemiological studies have shown that exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) is associated with dose-dependent increases in morbidity and mortality. While early reports focused on PM less than 10 {mu}m (PM10), numerous studies have since shown that the effects can occur with PM stratified into ultrafine (UF), fine (FI), and coarse (CO) size modes despite the fact that these materials differ significantly in both evolution and chemistry. Furthermore the chemical makeup of these different size fractions can vary tremendously depending on location, meteorology, and source profile. For this reason, high-volume three-stage particle impactors with the capacity to collect UF, FI, and CO particles were deployed to four different locations in the United States (Seattle, WA; Salt Lake City, UT; Sterling Forest and South Bronx, NY), and weekly samples were collected for 1 mo in each place. The particles were extracted, assayed for a standardized battery of chemical components, and instilled into mouse lungs (female BALB/c) at doses of 25 and 100 {mu}g. Eighteen hours later animals were euthanized and parameters of injury and inflammation were monitored in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and plasma. Of the four locations, the South Bronx coarse fraction was the most potent sample in both pulmonary and systemic biomarkers. Receptor source modeling on the PM2.5 samples showed that the South Bronx sample was heavily influenced by emissions from coal fired power plants (31%) and mobile sources (22%). Further studies will assess how source profiles correlate with the observed effects for all locations and size fractions.

  6. The City-state Civilization Embodied in Ancient Greek Mythology%浅析古希腊神话中的城邦文明

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒙俊宇

    2011-01-01

    古希腊神话具有的人本主义、民主精神、自由思想、享乐主义等特点,体现出城邦文明的特征。本文分析了古希腊神话的特点及其表现出的城邦文明,并对比了东西方文化视野中的古希腊神话和中国神话。%Features like humanism, democracy, liberal thoughts and hedonism in ancient Greek mythology reflect the characteristics of city-state civilization. This paper analyzes the features of ancient Greek mythology and the city-state civilization it embodied, also compares the ancient Greek and Chinese mythology in the view of the Western and Oriental cultures.

  7. PERFIL GINECO-OBSTÉTRICO E REALIZAÇÃO DO EXAME DE PREVENÇÃO POR PROSTITUTAS DE FORTALEZA

    OpenAIRE

    ANA IZABEL OLIVEIRA NICOLAU; PRISCILA DE SOUZA AQUINO; ESCOLÁSTICA REJANE FERREIRA MOURA; ANA KARINA BEZERRA PINHEIRO

    2008-01-01

    Estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo cuyo objetivo fue identificar el perfil ginecológico y obstétrico de prostitutas de Fortaleza-CE. Fueron entrevistadas 81 prostitutas del centro de Fortaleza, a través de un formulario de entrevista estructurado con cuestiones sobre su historia sexual y obstétrica, en octubre de 2005. Los datos fueron tabulados en el programa estadístico SPSS, versión 11.0 y analizados de acuerdo con la literatura, disponibles a través de las tablillas estadísticas. Se verifi...

  8. En busca de la virtud: el papel de las virtudes, los valores y las fortalezas de carácter en la toma de decisiones éticas

    OpenAIRE

    Crossan, M; Mazutis, D. (Daina); Seijts, G. (Gerard)

    2015-01-01

    Presentamos un modelo global que integra las virtudes, los valores, las fortalezas de carácter y la toma de decisiones éticas (EDM). Describimos cómo un marco ético en gran medida consecuencialista ha dominado la mayor parte de la literatura académica sobre EDM hasta la fecha. Sugerimos que reintroducir una perspectiva ética de la virtud en las teorías EDM existentes puede ayudar a ilustrar las deficiencias de los modelos existentes de toma de decisiones, y también que las fortalezas de carác...

  9. Depression prevalence in Intensive Care Unit nursing workers: a study at hospitals in a northwestern city of São Paulo State

    OpenAIRE

    de Vargas, Divane; Dias,Ana Paula Vieira

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of depression in nursing staff working in Intensive Care Units of hospitals from a city in Northwestern São Paulo State - Brazil, examining its association with participants' socio-demographic characteristics. The Beck Depression Inventory was applied to a sample of 67 nursing workers from three general hospitals, showing an 28.4% prevalence of depression. The analysis based on the multiple model showed a significant association between depressi...

  10. Motor neuron diseases in the university hospital of Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil): a clinico-demographic analysis of 87 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro-Costa, C M; Oriá, R B; Vale, O C; Arruda, J A; Horta, W G; D'Almeida, J A; Santos, T J; Ramos, R S; Gifoni, M A

    2000-12-01

    In this retrospective (1980-1998) study, we have analyzed clinico-demographically, from the records of the University Hospital of Fortaleza (Brazil), a group of 87 patients showing signs and symptoms of motor neuron diseases (MNDs). Their diagnosis was determined clinically and laboratorially. The WFN criteria were used for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) diagnosis. The clinico-demographic analysis of the 87 cases of MNDs showed that 4 were diagnosed as spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), 5 cases as ALS subsets: 2 as progressive bulbar paralysis (PBP), 2 as progressive muscular atrophy (PMA) and 1 as monomelic amyotrophy (MA), and 78 cases of ALS. The latter comprised 51 males and 27 females, with a mean age of 42.02 years. They were sub-divided into 4 groups according to age: from 15 to 29 years (n= 17), 30 to 39 years (n= 18), 40 to 69 years (n= 39) and 70 to 78 years (n= 4). From the 78 ALS patients, 76 were of the classic sporadic form whilst only 2 were of the familial form. The analysis of the 87 patients with MNDs from the University Hospital of Fortaleza showed a predominance of ALS patients, with a high number of cases of juvenile and early onset adult sporadic ALS.

  11. Heat and Humidity in the City: Neighborhood Heat Index Variability in a Mid-Sized City in the Southeastern United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alisa L. Hass

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Daily weather conditions for an entire city are usually represented by a single weather station, often located at a nearby airport. This resolution of atmospheric data fails to recognize the microscale climatic variability associated with land use decisions across and within urban neighborhoods. This study uses heat index, a measure of the combined effects of temperature and humidity, to assess the variability of heat exposure from ten weather stations across four urban neighborhoods and two control locations (downtown and in a nearby nature center in Knoxville, Tennessee, USA. Results suggest that trees may negate a portion of excess urban heat, but are also associated with greater humidity. As a result, the heat index of locations with more trees is significantly higher than downtown and areas with fewer trees. Trees may also reduce heat stress by shading individuals from incoming radiation, though this is not considered in this study. Greater amounts of impervious surfaces correspond with reduced evapotranspiration and greater runoff, in terms of overall mass balance, leading to a higher temperature, but lower relative humidity. Heat index and relative humidity were found to significantly vary between locations with different tree cover and neighborhood characteristics for the full study time period as well as for the top 10% of heat index days. This work demonstrates the need for high-resolution climate data and the use of additional measures beyond temperature to understand urban neighborhood exposure to extreme heat, and expresses the importance of considering vulnerability differences among residents when analyzing neighborhood-scale impacts.

  12. Armut im Wohlstand: Zunehmende soziale Disparitäten in Singapur [Poverty in a State of Wealth: Social Disparities in the City-State of Singapore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolf Jordan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Der folgende Beitrag zeigt, ausgehend von der aktuellen sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Situation,wichtige Aspekte sozialer Ungleichheit in Singapur auf und diskutiert die seit Jahren sich verschärfenden Einkommensdisparitäten vor dem Hintergrund der nur unzureichend entwickelten sozialstaatlichen Strukturen. Die Argumentation wird dabei von der These geleitet, dass die fehlende oder nur mangelhafte soziale Unterstützung wesentlich zu den sozialen Problemen eines wachsenden Teils der Bevölkerung in dem von großem Wohlstand geprägten Stadtstaat beitragen und ein Ausbau sozialstaatlicher Strukturen eine Voraussetzung darstellen sowohl für die Lösung der aktuellen sozialen Probleme als auch für eine längst überfällige Demokratisierung Singapurs. ----- Singapore is the wealthiest nation in South-East Asia today. But behind its high-rise buildings and modern shopping malls rising social disparities and a growing number of poor households cast a shadow on an otherwise successful economic development. Shrinking incomes and rising prices for housing and energy have increased the number of those who are struggling life in one of the most expensive cities in Pacific Asia. The situation is further complicated by a just rudimentary social security system that is not adequately designed for the needs of poor households. The following paper gives a brief insight into the current state of economic and social development in Singapore and its impact on the social fabric of the Singapore society. The lack of an adequately structured social security system for those households and the lower end of the income strata in general contribute most to the rising social disparities is what characterises Singapore’s social development today.

  13. Image city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  14. Conhecimento e promoção do uso do preservativo feminino por profissionais de unidades de referência para DST/HIV de Fortaleza-CE: o preservativo feminino precisa sair da vitrine Knowledge and fostering of the female condom by professionals of the STD/HIV reference units of Fortaleza-CE: the female condom needs to get out of the shop windows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy da Silva Oliveira

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Estudo descritivo-exploratório realizado nas 10 instituições públicas de referência para o tratamento de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis do município de Fortaleza-CE. Objetivou-se identificar o conhecimento de médicos e enfermeiros com relação ao preservativo feminino; verificar a dinâmica de promoção do método adotada por esses profissionais e averiguar a associação entre conhecer a colocação do preservativo feminino com as variáveis profissão e sexo. Participaram do estudo 26 dos 57 profissionais, ficando a amostra composta de 11 médicos e 15 enfermeiros, que se fizeram presentes nas unidades no período da coleta de dados e que aceitaram participar livremente do estudo. Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionário, de janeiro a março de 2006. Foram organizados em tabelas contendo apenas os valores absolutos, haja vista ser pequeno o tamanho da amostra. Os testes de Fisher e de Fisher-Reeman-Halton foram realizados para verificar a existência de associação entre variáveis. Os profissionais, indiferentemente à categoria, apresentaram déficit de conhecimento com relação às características básicas de método e modo de colocação (valores de p de Fisher maiores que 10%. Todavia, houve associação entre conhecer os passos de colocação do preservativo feminino e sexo feminino (p = 0,034. A promoção do método é pouco realizada por esses profissionais pelas seguintes razões: preço elevado do insumo, a unidade não oferece o método, a mulher desconhece o método ou não vai aderir a ele, e o maior acesso ao uso do preservativo masculino, razões que merecem ser banidas do discurso profissional.This exploratory-descriptive study took place in the 10 public reference institutions for treating sexually transmitted diseases in the city of Fortaleza, state of Ceará. The goal was to identify the doctors' and nurses' knowledge related to the female condom; to investigate the way these professionals foster

  15. [STATE OF THE SOIL IN THE TERRITORY OF THE CITY WITH THE DEVELOPED PETROLEUM-REFINING INDUSTRY].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berezin, I I; Suchkov, V V

    2015-01-01

    In 2013-2014, there was performed the study of the soil in the territory of the city of Novokuibyshevsk. The concentrations of heavy metals and petroleum products on the territory of the industrial zone of the city of Novokuibyshevsk were determined. The evaluation of concentrations ofanthropogenic toxicants was carried out in Novokuibyshevsk by means of laboratory monitoring of environmental pollution. The obtained values were compared with the MPC or in the absence of MPC--with tentatively permissible concentrations (TPC) of chemicals in soil background concentrations in the Volga region of Samara region, as well as with previous studies of the soil of the city of Novokuibyshevsk in 2005. The studies revealed that in 2014, if compared with 2005, concentrations of heavy metals in soil on the territory of the industrial zone of the city of Novokuibyshevsk and within the city border decreased. There were obtained significant differences in the soil content ofcadmium, copper, lead, Nickel and zinc in 2005 and 2013-2014. Unlike the content of salts of heavy metals, the content of petroleum products in the soil over the past 9 years had tended to increase. The maximum concentration of petroleum products was detected in the industrial zone of CHP-1. The number of samples with extremely high pollution rised from 4% to 8%, with high pollution--from 10% to 12%. Also, an increase in the number of samples with the level of 2-20 background values accounted from 56% to 66%. The gain in concentrations of petroleum in the soil on the territory of the city of Novokuibyshevsk was associated not only with the activity of the enterprises of oil refining and petrochemical industry, but also with the elevating number of road transport.

  16. Epidemiologia e ecologia das dermatofitoses na cidade de Fortaleza: o Trichophyton tonsurans como importante patógeno emergente da Tinea capitis Epidemiology and ecology of dermatophytosis in Fortaleza city: Trichophyton tonsurans as an important emergent pathogen of Tinea capitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimunda SâmiaNogueira Brilhante

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available As dermatofitoses são os distúrbios infecciosos de pele mais comuns do mundo. Na presente pesquisa foram avaliados 2.297 pacientes com lesões clínicas sugestivas de dermatofitoses das quais, 534 (23,2% mostraram-se positivas para dermatófitos. Destes, o T. rubrum foi a espécie mais prevalente (49,6%; p Dermatophytosis is the most common skin infectious disturbance in the world. In this research 2.297 patients were evaluated with suspected clinical lesions of dermatophytosis. It was observed that, 534 (23.2% patients tested positive for dermatophytes. T. rubrum was the most prevalent specie (49.6%; p <= 0.05, followed by T. tonsurans (34.4%, M. canis (7% and T. mentagrophytes (6.2%. When the species isolated was correlated with the respective anatomical localization, it was observed that T. tonsurans was the most frequent isolated in scalp lesions (73,9%; p <= 0.01. On the other hand, T. rubrum was the main specie involved in body lesions (72.8%; p <= 0.05. Therefore, in scalp infections it was observed that, there was an absolute prevalence of T. tonsurans. This evidence is different from the statistical data collected in the southeast and south of Brazil, as well as from other areas of the world, which still show M. canis as the most frequent microorganism isolated in Tinea capiti.

  17. Fragilidades, fortalezas e desafios na formação do enfermeiro Debilidades, fortalezas y desafíos en la formación del enfermero Weaknesses, strengths and challenges in the nurse's education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamila Geri Tomaschewski Barlem

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Pesquisa qualitativa que objetivou identificar a percepção do enfermeiro quanto ao seu preparo profissional, a partir da formação conferida pela graduação, e identificar aspectos da formação que contribuem para o enfrentamento dos conflitos e dilemas do cotidiano de trabalho. Os dados foram coletados entre agosto e dezembro de 2009, com oito enfermeiras de um hospital público federal do extremo sul do Brasil, por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas. Utilizou-se a análise temática no tratamento dos dados, emergindo duas categorias: fragilidades no processo formativo e fortalezas na formação profissional. Encontrar alternativas para melhor suprir as necessidades da prática profissional é um desafio que requer não só o conhecimento das lacunas deixadas pelo curso de graduação, mas, também, formas de consolidar as fortalezas existentes no processo de formação.Se trata de una investigación cualitativa que tuvo como objetivo identificar la percepción del enfermero frente a su preparo profesional a cerca de la formación ofrecida por el curso e identificar los aspectos de la formación que contribuyen para el enfrentamiento de los conflictos y dilemas de la práctica diaria. Los datos fueron recogidos entre agosto y diciembre de 2009, con ocho enfermeros en un hospital público en el sur de Brasil, a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas. Se utilizó el análisis temático en el procesamiento de los datos, obteniéndose dos categorías: debilidades en el proceso formativo y fortalezas en la formación profesional. La búsqueda por alternativas para mejor satisfacer las necesidades de la práctica profesional es un desafío que requiere no sólo el conocimiento de los vacíos dejados por el curso, sino también la manera de consolidar las fortalezas existentes en el proceso de formación.This qualitative research aimed at identifying the nurses' perception of their professional training starting from the education provided by

  18. The city of the merchant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barnow, Niels Finn

    2003-01-01

    The City of the Merchant deals with cities, towns and villages in the European medieval period - i.e. in post-antique and pre-industrial Europe. In actual fact, the book mainly deals with Denmark and Northern Italy (the City States), with digressions to other "feudal" localities in France on Sicily...

  19. An Evaluation of the State Urban Education Program "Living Science Center" District 10, New York City Board of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinci, Thomas G.; DeVita, Christina

    A program of stimulation, motivation, and cultural enrichment for children in New York City's School District 10 is evaluated in this report. The Bronx Zoological Gardens were used for living laboratory experiences, coordinated with classroom activities in different curriculum areas. Employing zoo visits, lectures, films, and classroom…

  20. The Distinctiveness of Nordic Welfare States in the Transformation to the Projective City and the New Spirits of Capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hull Kristensen, Peer

    2013-01-01

    found templates for the development of conditions under which large sections of the population can be mobile and the sphere of the immobile and exploited is reduced. They had begun from the 1990s to construct the projective city in ways which met the tests such a mode of organizing set for itself...

  1. Inter(ação) social nos contextos de pesquisa/intervenção em escolas de Fortaleza

    OpenAIRE

    Colaço,Veriana de Fátima Rodrigues; Chaves,Hamilton Viana; Jucá,Ana Cleide Barros; Teixeira, Paulo André Sousa; Alves,Ricardo Rilton Nogueira; Sá,Ticiana Santiago de

    2010-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta a segunda etapa de uma pesquisa que visou a investigar as estratégias de mediação realizadas por crianças em situações de interação no contexto de sala de aula. Também intentou envolver os professores, através de colaboração e intervenção. O estudo, de base etnográfica, foi desenvolvido em duas escolas do município de Fortaleza, das quais uma era particular e outra, filantrópica. Os procedimentos envolveram observações e vedeogravações das atividades discursivas das cria...

  2. PERFIL DOS PACIENTES ATENDIDOS EM CRISE HIPERTENSIVA EM UM SERVIÇO DE URGÊNCIA DE FORTALEZA

    OpenAIRE

    RHANNA EMANUELA FONTENELE LIMA; ANA CRISTINA VERAS DE SOUSA; MARA ROBERTA SOARES PINTO; THELMA LEITE DE ARAÚJO

    2005-01-01

    Se ha objetivado caracterizar, a partir del análisis de registros de atención de emergencia, el perfil de los pacientes atendidos con crisis de hipertensión en un hospital municipal de Fortaleza-en enero y febrero de 2002-donde se han investigado las características de sexo, rango de edad, turno con mayor frecuencia de atención en relación con crisis de hipertensión y remedios indicados durante la crisis. Los resultados muestran que la atención en clínicas médicas fue elevada (un 5%); más hom...

  3. Grammatical exercises in landscape architecture teaching - didactic experiences in different ocntexts: UFU/Uberlândia and UNIFOR/Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glauco de Paula Cocozza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents some grammar exercises applied in the discipline of Landscape Architecture, in Federal University of Uberlândia and University of Fortaleza, presenting the methodology applied, the themes suggested for the exercises, their relationship with the program of course, reflections on learning, and how they enable an interpretation of the concepts and practices that provides landscaping. This theme is not new, many teachers adopt similar methodologies, changing the subject, given the links between content and form of approaches. The aim of this paper is to present how the exercises are thought in the discipline, as they are run and how they relate to the final work delivered as a synthesis of the discipline of Landscape Architecture.

  4. EU Smart City Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmela Gargiulo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years European Commission has developed a set of documents for Members States tracing, directly or indirectly, recommendations for the transformation of the European city. The paper wants to outline which future EU draws for the city, through an integrated and contextual reading of addresses and strategies contained in the last documents, a future often suggested as Smart City. Although the three main documents (Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 of European Community, Digital Agenda for Europe and European Urban Agenda face the issue of the future development of European cities from different points of view, which are respectively cohesion social, ICT and urban dimension, each of them pays particular attention to urban and territorial dimension, identified by the name of Smart City. In other words, the paper aims at drawing the scenario of evolution of Smart Cities that can be delineated through the contextual reading of the three documents. To this end, the paper is divided into three parts: the first part briefly describes the general contents of the three European economic plan tools; the second part illustrates the scenarios for the future of the European city contained in each document; the third part seeks to trace the evolution of the Smart Cities issue developed by the set of the three instruments, in order to provide the framework of European Community for the near future of our cities

  5. Nutritional status assessment of elderly residents of Fortaleza,CE, Brazil: The use of different anthropometric indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarciana Nobre de Menezes

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the anthropometric variables of elderly people in Fortaleza. This is a populational, cross-sectional household-based study with collection of primary data. The anthropometric variables analyzed were: body mass index (BMI, triceps skinfold thickness (TST and arm muscle circumference (AMC. Nutritional status was defined from the anthropometrics variables and diagnosed as: eutrophic (elderly whose BMI,TST and AMC simultaneous measures was identified as eutrophic and non-eutrophic (other elderly people. The sample for the study was composedof 385 selected dwellings, at which 483 elderly people were interviewed (68% of them women. As regards BMI, 47.3% ofthe elderly concerned were considered eutrophic. A higher proportion of the women had excessive BMI (21.9% than the men (13.5%. There was a statistically significant association between BMI adequation and sex. The TST measurements indicated that 54.4% of the elderly were eutrophic. No statistically significant association was noted between TST adequation and sex. As for AMC, the men presented a higher prevalence of desnutrition (66.5% than the women (40.6%. A statistically significant association between AMC adequation and sex was found. With respect to nutritional status, it was observed that83.9% of the men and 74.2% of the women were classified as non-eutrophic. There was a statistically significant associationbetween nutritional status and sex. The elderly population of Fortaleza exhibit a vulnerable nutritional status in view of theprevalence of non-eutrophic individuals.

  6. REFLECTIONS ON THE USO OF SATELLITE IMAGERY FOR THE TEACHING-LEARNING OF URBAN GEOGRAPHY CONTENTS IN FORTALEZA/CEARÁ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosilene Aires

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper exposes a didactic experience realized in 2012 with 80 students of the daytime secondary education from school E.E.F.M Senador Osires Pontes in Fortaleza - Ceará. This experience demonstrated how the school use of satellite imagery can aid in the geography teaching. The methodology was based on study and analysis of satellite images of urban areas, making drawings and application of questionnaires by students in the neighborhood. After that, discussed about the cognitive responses of students from didactic resources and teaching method chosen to approach of the contents. This practice improved learning of all students about its reality. Este artigo expõe uma experiência pedagógica realizada em 2012 com 80 alunos do 2o ano do Ensino Médio diurno da Escola de Ensino Fundamental e Médio Senador Osires Pontes em Fortaleza- Ceará. Esta vivência demonstrou como o uso pedagógico de imagens pode auxiliar no ensino de conteúdos geográficos. A metodologia baseou-se em estudo e análise de imagens de satélite de áreas urbanas, confecção e interpretação de croquis e elaboração e aplicação de questionários pelos estudantes no bairro. Em seguida, dialogou-se sobre as respostas do público-alvo, diante dos recursos didáticos e do método de ensino escolhido na abordagem dos conteúdos. Esta prática melhorou a aprendizagem dos participantes sobre sua realidade.

  7. Knowledge of pharmacists about breastfeeding: a study in commercial pharmacies of Fortaleza – Ceará - Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luzia Izabel Mesquita Moreira da Silva

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of pharmacists who work in commercial pharmacies in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, about breastfeeding. Methods: This was an observational, descriptive and transversal study. We used a questionnaire approaching the profile of pharmacists and general knowledge about breastfeeding and Brazilian Standard for Marketing of Food for Infants and Young Child, teats, dummies and Bottles (BSMFI. Data collection occurred from January to March 2011. Through drawing, we selected 82 commercial pharmacies, corresponding to 15.5% of all pharmacies in Fortaleza, when held up contact with their pharmacists. The questionnaire was administered to 67 pharmacists. The results were statistically analyzed using the Epi Info v. And v 3.5.1 SigmaPlot. 10.0. Results: Among the participants, 72% (n = 48 were female, 35.8% (n = 24 are formed over ten years, 49.3% (n = 33 working in pharmacy business for less than five years, and 52.2% (n = 35 engaged in professional activity at other establishments. The level of knowledge was rated as fair to 71.7% (n = 48 of respondents; insufficient to 17.9% (n = 12 and good for 10.4% (n = 07. This low performance, not reaching the maximum score, was associated with exercise time in the profession, noting that trained professionals for more than ten years had lower knowledge. Conclusion: Respondents recognize the importance of breastfeeding for both the baby’s health as for the mother. However, they lack knowledge of relevant information concerning the correct management of breastfeeding, especially among those who graduated earlier.

  8. Salmonella sp. bacteriology monitoring in laying hens at different growing and laying periods from poultry farms in Metropolitan Region of Fortaleza Monitoramento bacteriológico para Salmonella sp. em poedeira comercial em diferentes fases de recria e produção de empresas avícolas da Região Metropolitana de Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuella Evangelista da Silva

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available

    This work aimed to verify Salmonella occurrence in laying hen flocks from eight poultry farms in Metropolitan Region of Fortaleza city. Swab collections were performed in transport boxes of day-old-chicks, totaling 40 feces samples (5 samples/flock, which presented no Salmonella contamination. Bacterial analyses from a pool of feces were performed in the same flocks at 10, 20, 30 and 40 weeks of age. Salmonella enterica rough strain and Salmonella Newport were found in two flocks at 20 and 40 weeks of age, respectively. These results suggest that the birds were infected with Salmonella after their arrival in the poultry farms. It was verified that 25% of the poultry farms presented positive feces samples for Salmonella contamination, indicating the need for a more efficacious preventive program in the poultry farms for egg production. This work suggests that day old birds were of Salmonella contamination which indicates no vertical Salmonella transmission, however the rearing phase present failures regarding bacterial control.

     

    KEY WORDS: Bacteriology, chickens, eggs, feces, Salmonella.

    O presente trabalho objetivou investigar a presença de Salmonella em lotes de poedeiras comerciais de oito empresas da região metropolitana de Fortaleza,CE, Brasil. Realizaram-se suabes em cinco caixas de transporte por lote das oito empresas analisadas, totalizando quarenta amostras de mecônio, sendo todas negativas para Salmonella. Os mesmos lotes (oito foram monitorados na décima, vigésima, trigésima e quadragésima semanas de idade com exame bacteriológico de pool de cem fezes frescas. Foram isoladas Salmonella enterica subsepécie enterica cepa rugosa e Salmonella Newport das amostras de fezes nas empresas 2 e 6 na

  9. An Assesment of Groundwater Quality Index in Bommasandra Area,Bengaluru city,Karnataka State,India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shivaprasad H

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Groundwater is a natural resource for drinking water .In addition to the population growth, urbanization and industrialization also extend the demand of water. Providing safe drinking water supply to the ever growing urban and sub-urban population is going to be a challenge to the civil authorities, city planners, policy makers and environmentalists. Groundwater is a major source of drinking water in both urban and rural areas of Bommasandra. Bommasandra city is rapidly raising population, changing lifestyle and intense competition among users- agriculture, industry and domestic sectors is driving the groundwater table lower. Besides, discharge of untreated wastewater through bores and leachate from unscientific disposal of solid wastes also contaminate groundwater, thereby reducing quality of fresh water resources.

  10. Conceptual Framework of Tourism Carrying Capacity for a Tourism City: Experiences from National Parks in the United States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng Nasha; Zheng Xilai

    2010-01-01

    There is no universally-accepted definition of tourism carrying capacity(TCC).Numerical TCC focuses on use level and is considered as"a magic number"of the saturation point for tourism.There are several reasons why numerical tourism capacity is inadequate.Alternatively,tourism capacity can be defined in terms of limits of acceptable change,which shifts the focus from"how much use is too much"to"how much change is acceptable".This article proposes an improved conceptual framework for evaluating carrying capacity for the tourism city based on approaches used in US national parks,which consider the impact of human use on a city's economic,environmental/resource,and socio-cultural conditions.Based on the basic data of indicator values and relevant standards,the framework monitors the current indicators and predicts future indicator values; it can also be used to assess and predict TCC.

  11. Beer City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  12. Acesso ao serviço de emergência pelos usuários com crise hipertensiva em um hospital de Fortaleza, CE, Brasil Aceso al servicio de urgencia por clientes con crisis de presión alta en un hospital de Fortaleza, CE, Brasil Access to the emergency service by clients with hipertensive crisis in a hospital in Fortaleza, CE, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Célia Caetano de Souza; Thereza Maria Magalhães Moreira; Maria Rocineide Ferreira da Silva; Paulo César de Almeida

    2009-01-01

    A crise hipertensiva é uma elevação abrupta e sintomática da pressão arterial com risco de deterioração aguda de órgãos-alvo. Embora na literatura a prevalência do agravo seja de 1%, os riscos de complicações e de morte associadas ao problema de saúde nos serviços de emergência têm revelado a necessidade de aprofundar questões relacionadas ao acesso ao serviço de saúde. Trata-se de uma pesquisa de natureza quantitativa, descritiva, realizada em um hospital público do município de Fortaleza, n...

  13. Sin City?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Gautier, Pieter A.; Teulings, Coen n.

    , the ones who stay in the city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who married outside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. This correlation can be explained by both a causal and a sorting effect. We disentangle them by using the timing...

  14. Social determinants and their interference in homicide rates in a city in northeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geziel dos Santos de Sousa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to analyze the possible relationship between social determinants and homicide mortality in Fortaleza (CE, Brazil. METHOD: To investigate whether the rate of mortality by homicides is related to social determinants, an ecological study with emphasis on spatial analysis was conducted in the city of Fortaleza. Social, economic, demographic and sanitation data, as well as information regarding years of potential life lost, and Human Development Index were collected. The dependent variable was the rate of homicides in the period 2004 to 2006. In order to verify the relationship between the outcome variable and the predictor variables, we performed a multivariate linear regression model. RESULTS: We found associations between social determinants and the rate of mortality by homicides. Variables related to income and education were proven determinants for mortality. The multiple regression model showed that 51% of homicides in Fortaleza neighborhoods are explained by years of potential life lost, proportion of households with poor housing, average years of schooling, per capita income and percentage of household heads with 15 or more years of study. The coefficients for years of potential life lost and households with poor housing were positive. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that the mortality by homicide is associated with high levels of poverty and uncontrolled urbanization, which migrates to the peripheries of urban centers.

  15. City PLANTastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The city is going green. From New York to Copenhagen vegetables are enthusiastically planted on city squares, and buildings are turning green everywhere . The word “plant” is on everyone’s lips, reflecting a growing desire to solve ecological, technical and social challenges in the city. Hovever,...... and urbanism, who reflect upon the multiple roles of plants in the future city through their most recent projects. The theme for the 2012 World in Denmark conference is City PLANTastic, which will also be explored by researchers through their works....

  16. Making the Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2009-01-01

    makes an investigation into the complex relationship between the words and policies of the ‘Experience Economy' and the actual urban transformations made in cities with reference to these changes. The paper discusses the cases researched in relation to the state, market, civil society framework as well......This paper describes the latest research into cultural planning and architectural branding in Denmark based on the ‘Experience City' research project located at Aalborg University. The paper explores the implication of the turn towards culture and experience in the contemporary Danish city. It thus...

  17. Assessment beach morphodynamic in the city of Cabo De Santo Agostinho, State Of Pernambuco, through suborbital and orbital images space of high resolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Ravi Rocha de Carvalho Almeida

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In Pernambuco, the beach morphodynamic state throughout 187 km of extension, it is characterized for great dynamic of sediments, resulting in erosion processes in practically all coastal. Having as experimental area the littoral band of the City of Cabo de Santo Agostinho, located in State de Pernambuco, the present work, it searched to evaluate the trend morphodynamic beach in secular scale, using ortophotomap B and W of the years of 1975 and 1988 and multispectral images of the Quickbird satellite of the year of 2005. From the vectoring of the shoreline in commercial software, that the coastal dynamic they had not been disclosed with the same intensity throughout all the sectors in the observed periods (1975-1988 and 1988-2005, presenting, the sectors 4 and 6 erosive trends at the two moments, whereas in sectors 1 and 2 it took advantage advances of the shoreline. The sectors 3 and 5 had indicated alternations (advances/jibs of the shoreline. The results demonstrate the degree of vulnerability of the worked regions, being of great importance for the determination of the evolution trends in the coast of the City of Cabo of Santo Agostinho, supplying subsidies for environmental planning and management

  18. Waist circumference, BMI and the prevalence of self-reported diabetes among the elderly of the United States and six cities of Latin America and the Caribbean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barceló, A; Gregg, E W; Pastor-Valero, M; Robles, S C

    2007-12-01

    Using data from the Salud Bienestar y Envejecimiento (SABE) project and the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 1999-2004), we examined the prevalence of obesity and diagnosed diabetes among older adults in the Americas; we also examined the association of age, sex, level of education, weight status, waist circumference, smoking, and race/ethnicity with diabetes among older adults. The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes was highest in the US Blacks and Mexican Americans, followed by Bridgetown and Mexico City (22% for each) and lowest in Santiago, Montevideo, Havana, and US Whites (13-15%). Diagnosed diabetes was significantly associated with BMI among participants from Bridgetown, Sao Paulo, and the three US ethnic groups, while it was associated with waist circumference in all sites except Mexico City. Our findings suggest major geographical and ethnic variation in the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among older adults. Waist circumference was more consistently associated with the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes than BMI. Higher prevalences of diabetes are found among the elderly of African or Mexican descent in the United States and in other countries of the Americas when compared to the prevalence among whites in the United States and in other Latin American countries with populations of predominant Western European descent.

  19. Atividade financeira e moeda: análise da experiência do conjunto palmeiras em Fortaleza-CE Financial activity and currency: analisys of the experience of “conjunto palmeiras” in Fortaleza-CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uinie Caminha

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O Conselho Monetário Nacional (CMN regula o acesso e fiscaliza as atividades das instituições financeiras que participam do Sistema Financeiro Nacional (SFN. Esse controle do sfn é essencial, pois o sistema financeiro é suscetível a crises de confiança e saques em massa, e ainda instrumentaliza políticas monetárias com o intuito de controlar índices inflacionários. Um dos mecanismos de controle inflacionário é a emissão de papel moeda, sendo que, de acordo com a Constituição Federal de 1988, a incumbência de emitir, controlar e regulamentar a moeda oficial é exclusiva da União. No entanto, vêm crescendo experiências de economia solidária, na qual se encontram redes de produção e consumo, além de meios alternativos de pagamento. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a experiência no bairro Conjunto Palmeiras, na cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará, sua estrutura, seus projetos, e especialmente a emissão da moeda social do bairro (palma, P$, bem como um projeto de microcrédito e financiamento para os moradores locais, verificando se há possibilidades de integrar tais práticas ao SFN, uma vez que, até então, são atividades que deveriam ser exercidas privativamente por instituições financeiras.The National Monetary Council (CMN regulates and controls the activities of financial institutions which participate in National Financial System (SFN. Such control is critical since the financial system if suceptible to confindence crisis and massive withdrawls, and yet engages monetary policies aiming at controling inflation rates. One of the instruments to control inflation is the issuance of currency since, according to Federal Contituition of 1988, the incumbecy of issuing, controlling and regulation the offical currency if exclusive of the Union. However, several experiences of “solidary economy” in which production and consumption networks are found, in addition to alternative means of payment. The scope of this article is

  20. Analysis of potential for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases in municipal solid waste in Brazil, in the state and city of Rio de Janeiro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loureiro, S M; Rovere, E L L; Mahler, C F

    2013-05-01

    This paper examines potential changes in solid waste policies for the reduction in GHG for the country of Brazil and one of its major states and cities, Rio de Janeiro, from 2005 to 2030. To examine these policy options, trends in solid waste quantities and associated GHG emissions are derived. Three alternative policy scenarios are evaluated in terms of effectiveness, technology, and economics and conclusions posited regarding optimal strategies for Brazil to implement. These scenarios are been building on the guidelines for national inventories of GHG emissions (IPCC, 2006) and adapted to Brazilian states and municipalities' boundaries. Based on the results, it is possible to say that the potential revenue from products of solid waste management is more than sufficient to transform the current scenario in this country into one of financial and environmental gains, where the negative impacts of climate change have created a huge opportunity to expand infrastructure for waste management.

  1. Between defense and social intervention: State, citizenship and poverty in the city of Concepción (Chile, 1890-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco León León

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This research seeks to understand the Chilean state from three perspectives: regional, relational and constructive. Taking the specific case of the city of Concepción in the period between 1890 and 1930, we observe the particularities of a state model that has not yet been properly studied, namely Social Defense, which differs from its nineteenth-century predecessor, the ‘Guardian State’, and its natural successor, the ‘Welfare State’ . The features and the policy and institutional manifestations of this model can, we believe, be seen both in the area of mental health and the asylum, and in the complementary role of surveillance and protection adopted by the Administration, Police Security Service and Labor Office.

  2. Tombs of the Sixteen States Period at Toudaoyuan in Xianyang City, Shaanxi%陕西咸阳市头道塬十六国墓葬

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卫鹏; 赵旭阳

    2005-01-01

    In 1999- 2000, the Xianyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology excavated three tombs of the Sixteen States period at Toudaoyuan south of Wenlin Road in Xianyang City. These graves are neatly arranged from west to east and formed each of a long ramping passage, a front chamber and a rear one, and also side rooms in some cases. The funeral objects include mainly utensils exclusively for mourning use, as well as figurines of livestock, poultry and servants, all made in brick or pottery. Bronze, iron and jade wares also occur among them. The most characteristic are theobjects sculptured in brick, which show strong features of northwestern minority nationalities. The findings from the tombs constitute valuable material data to inquiring into the burial custom and economy of the Sixteen States period.

  3. Assessment of Unmet Need for Contraception among eligible couples in Urban Slums of Raipur city of Chhattisgarh state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nirmal Verma

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: India was the first country to launch National Family Planning Program in 1952. Even though various measures have been taken to encourage the usage of contraception but the achievement in this field was not to the extent expected due to various social and cultural factors. Objective: This study was planned to assess the prevalence and its determinants of unmet need for contraception among eligible couples in urban slums of Raipur city. Methodology: A cross sectional community based study was conducted using cluster sampling in urban slums of Raipur city from November 2011 to October 2012. During the study, 711 fecund married women, age group 15-49 years were included and predesigned and pretested proforma was used as a study tool. The obtained data were analyzed using appropriate statistical test. Results: Among all eligible married women 45 % were concentrated in the prime reproductive age 20-29 yrs. Majority of women were not educated. The total unmet need for family planning comes out to 32.9%. Age, Education, literacy, Occupation, Type of Family, No of living children, Birth Order , No of male child, No of female child , Husband literacy were the most significant predictor of unmet need. Conclusion: Percentage of unmet need is higher as compared to national data, so there is urgently need to ensure the same.

  4. State-owned capital management budget study in Liuzhou city%柳州市国有资本经营预算研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋涛; 覃诗敏

    2014-01-01

    柳州市国有资本经营预算从2011年起试行,柳州市国有资本经营预算的试行依据中央、广西的政策,借鉴了其它省市的经验。文章重点分析柳州市开展国有资本经营预算的情况,针对当前开展国有资本经营预算存在问题,提出了进一步完善国有资本经营预算的政策建议。%State-owned capital operation budget from 2011 onwards trial in Liuzhou city, trial of state-owned capital management budget, according to the central Guangxi policy .Learn from the experience of other provinces. Articles focus on the situation analysis conducted in Liuzhou of state-owned capital operation budget Problems for the current conduct of state-owned capital operation budget, proposed to further improve the state-owned capital operation budget policy recommendations.

  5. IVyF: Validez de un Instrumento de Medida de las Fortalezas del Carácter de la Clasificación de Peterson y Seligman (2004)

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Cesar Cosentino; Alejandro Castro Solano

    2016-01-01

    El IVyF (Strength of Character Inventory, en inglés) es un instrumento de medición de las 24 fortalezas del carácter de la clasificación de Peterson y Seligman (2004). A diferencia de otros cuestionarios homólogos para medir las fortalezas de esa clasificación que están compuestos por decenas de ítems, el IVyF es un instrumento de medición de 24 ítems. Este estudio se enfocó en la validez del IVyF. En primer lugar, el IVyF estuvo asociado a medidas de variables conceptualmente relevantes como...

  6. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    experiments are taking place in ‘the instant city’, and how can it be characterized? It also emphasizes the relation between city life, urban design, and the aesthetics of architecture and urban spaces. The question here is, in what way architecture and urban scenography are used as tools to support the goal...... emphasis has been laid on creating a vivid, and engaging social environment in order to create a lab for social, and architectural experi- ments. These goals challenge the city planning as well as the urban sce- nography. The article addresses the research questions: What kind of city life and social...... of an experimental and social en- gaged city environment? The analysis shows that the specific city life at the instant city, Roskilde Festival, can be characterized by being ‘open minded’, ‘playful’ and ‘inclusive’, but also by ‘a culture of laughter’ that penetrates the aesthetics and the urban scenography....

  7. Distribuição das mutações da β-talassemia em Fortaleza, Ceará Distribution of β-thalassemia mutations in Fortaleza, Ceará

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilianne Brito da Silva Rocha

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: As mutações IVS-I-1, IVS-I-6 e CD 39 foram estudadas em 14 pacientes portadores de β-talassemia, da população de Fortaleza, capital do Ceará. OBJETIVO: Fornecer informações sobre a caracterização molecular dos pacientes β-talassêmicos de Fortaleza, contribuindo para traçar o perfil das mutações desta hemoglobinopatia na região Nordeste e no Brasil. MÉTODOS: A β-talassemia foi diagnosticada pelo estudo hematológico realizado no contador automático de células sanguíneas, com revisão de lâminas, pelo teste de resistência globular osmótica em NaCl a 0,36% e pela eletroforese em pH alcalino em fitas de acetato de celulose. O DNA foi isolado de leucócitos a partir de amostras de sangue total. A análise das mutações foi realizada por meio da técnica da reação em cadeia mediada pela polimerase alelo-específica (PCR-AE, sendo analisadas as mutações CD 39, IVSI-1, IVSI-6 e IVSI-110 seguindo-se o protocolo do Laboratório de Hemoglobinas e Genética das Doenças Hematológicas (LHGDH da Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP. RESULTADOS: A distribuição das mutações identificadas foi: IVS-I-1 (14,3%, IVS-I-6 (35,7% e CD 39 (21,4%. Os demais talassêmicos (28,6% não apresentaram nenhuma das mutações estudadas. A maior frequência da mutação IVS-I-6 está conforme o esperado, uma vez que estudos demonstram que esta mutação está mais presente na região Nordeste, assim como a mutação IVS-I-1 na região Sul e a IVSI-110 e CD39 na região Sudeste do país. CONCLUSÃO: Esses resultados demonstram o perfil das mutações da β-talassemia na região Nordeste, contribuindo, assim, para o estudo da distribuição destas mutações no Brasil.INTRODUCTION: IVS-I-1, IVS-I-6 and CD 39 mutations were studied in 14 patients with β-thalassemia from the population of Fortaleza, capital of Ceará. OBJECTIVE: To provide information on the molecular characterization of β-thalassemia patients from Fortaleza, aiding

  8. The State of Ambient Air Quality in Two Ugandan Cities: A Pilot Cross-Sectional Spatial Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce J. Kirenga

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Air pollution is one of the leading global public health risks but its magnitude in many developing countries’ cities is not known. We aimed to measure the concentration of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <2.5 µm (PM2.5, nitrogen dioxide (NO2, sulfur dioxide (SO2, and ozone (O3 pollutants in two Ugandan cities (Kampala and Jinja. PM2.5, O3, temperature and humidity were measured with real-time monitors, while NO2 and SO2 were measured with diffusion tubes. We found that the mean concentrations of the air pollutants PM2.5, NO2, SO2 and O3 were 132.1 μg/m3, 24.9 µg/m3, 3.7 µg/m3 and 11.4 μg/m3, respectively. The mean PM2.5 concentration is 5.3 times the World Health Organization (WHO cut-off limits while the NO2, SO2 and O3 concentrations are below WHO cut-off limits. PM2.5 levels were higher in Kampala than in Jinja (138.6 μg/m3 vs. 99.3 μg/m3 and at industrial than residential sites (152.6 μg/m3 vs. 120.5 μg/m3 but residential sites with unpaved roads also had high PM2.5 concentrations (152.6 μg/m3. In conclusion, air pollutant concentrations in Kampala and Jinja in Uganda are dangerously high. Long-term studies are needed to characterize air pollution levels during all seasons, to assess related public health impacts, and explore mitigation approaches.

  9. La representación social del alumno: fortalezas y debilidades según la percepción del docente

    OpenAIRE

    Sagastizabal, María de los Angeles; Pidello, María Amelia

    2011-01-01

    Temática: En el marco del Observatorio de las concepciones de los docentes y futuros docentes con respecto a los distintos grupos socioculturales y étnicos de la Provincia de Santa Fe, IRICE/CONICET, OIE/UNESCO, la ponencia presentada aborda las representaciones de los docentes respecto de las fortalezas y las debilidades de los alumnos y su atribución causal.

  10. Report of Workshop on Emerging Concerns of Fishing Communities: Issues of Labour, Trade, Gender, Disaster Preparedness Biodiversity and Responsible Fisheries, Fortaleza, Brazil, 04-06 July 2006

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    The workshop on "Emerging Concerns of Fishing Communities: Issues of Labour, Trade, Gender, Disaster Preparedness, Biodiversity and Responsible Fisheries", 04 to 06 July 2006, was held in SESC, Fortaleza, Brazil. The workshop was co-hosted by the NGO Instituto Terramar. The document gives a detailed report of the presentations and discussions transpired in the workshop. It is also worth noting that the discussions at the workshop as well as the issues identified, fed directly into ICSF's Gene...

  11. Importancia de la evaluación psicológica de las fortalezas en niños y adolescentes Adolescents and children strengths psychological assessment importance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel María Mikulic

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se propone introducir un área nueva a la evaluación psicológica de niños y adolescentes: el estudio de las fortalezas. En este estudio exploratoriodescriptivo se ha seleccionado una muestra intencional de 44 participantes cuyas edades oscilan entre los 10 y 18 años y que residen en la Ciudad y Provincia de Buenos Aires. Del análisis de las fortalezas correspondientes a la calidad de vida percibida por niños y adolescentes en coincidencia con las provenientes de sus recursos sociales y sucesos de vida positivos experimentados, es posible afirmar que tanto el contexto familiar como el escolar son proveedores del apoyo de "al menos una persona significativa". Contar con un "otro" que estimula y gratifica afectivamente ha sido considerado por los participantes como una fortaleza, tanto al evaluar el contexto familiar como el escolar. Se ha confirmado la utilidad de incluir al contexto en la evaluación psicológica infantil por ser el entorno familiar y escolar fuentes de fortalezas y factores protectores en los niños y adolescentes estudiados.Present study aims to introduce a new psychological assessment perspectiva when assessing children and adolescents: assessment of human strengths. This is an exploratory-descriptive study based on an intentional sample formed by 44 participants, aged between 10 and 18 years and residing in Buenos Aires (Capital and Province. There is a coincidence between strengths belonging to perceived quality of life and those referring to social resources and positive life events in children and adolescents; in both cases family and school context provide at least one supporting significant person. Attachment to someone who provides unconditional support is considered one of the most important strengths found. Utility of including context evaluation in children and adolescents assessment has been demonstrated as family and school contexts have proved to be important strengths sources.

  12. Eating Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg; Fisker, Anna Marie; Clausen, Katja Seerup

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzed the development of a city based sustainable food strategy for the city of Aalborg. It’s based on 3 cases of food service: food for the elderly as operated by the Municipality, food the hospital patients as operated by the region and food for defense staff as operated by the st......This paper analyzed the development of a city based sustainable food strategy for the city of Aalborg. It’s based on 3 cases of food service: food for the elderly as operated by the Municipality, food the hospital patients as operated by the region and food for defense staff as operated...

  13. Leading Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pogner, Karl-Heinz

    2017-01-01

    and technical engineering; Smart Cities) is very prominent in the traditional mass media discourse, in PR / PA of tech companies and traditional municipal administrations; whereas the second one (participation; Livable Cities) is mostly enacted in social media, (local) initiatives, movements, (virtual......) communities, new forms of urban governance in municipal administration and co-competitive city networks. Both forms seem to struggle for getting voice and power in the discourses, negotiations, struggles, and conflicts in Urban Governance about the question how to manage or lead (in) a city. Talking about...

  14. Sex and the City: o protagonismo feminino na pós-modernidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Ramos

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O filme, Sex and the City, contempla uma realidade em seus discursos. Evidencia o protagonismo feminino na contemporaneidade. Perfila, com o tempero de uma comédia romântica, as fortalezas e as fragilidades da mulher pós-moderna. Procuraremos, no presente ensaio, compreender e explicar os discursos do filme. Usaremos, para tanto, o Paradigma da Complexidade, de Edgar Morin, como método, contemplando as possibilidades da Transdisciplinaridade. A Semiologia, de Roland Barthes, será a técnica. Assim sendo, iremos priorizar a produção de sentido, em seus diálogos com os respectivos contextos.

  15. Pressão arterial de crianças e adolescentes de uma escola pública de Fortaleza - Ceará Presión arterial de niños y adolescentes de una escuela pública de Fortaleza-Ceará Blood pressure of children and teenagers from a public school in Fortaleza-Ceará

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thelma Leite de Araujo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi analisar a evolução dos valores da pressão arterial sistólica (PAS, da pressão arterial diastólica (PAD e das medidas antropométricas de crianças e adolescentes que apresentaram alteração da pressão arterial em uma primeira avaliação. MÉTODOS: Estudo longitudinal, realizado nos meses de outubro de 2004 a dezembro de 2005, em uma escola pública de Fortaleza, Ceará. Cento e cinqüenta e um indivíduos com idades entre seis e dezessete anos foram avaliados e acompanhados por um período de um ano. RESULTADOS: As variáveis idade, escolaridade, peso, altura, índice de massa corporal, perímetro da cintura, perímetro do quadril, circunferência do braço e prega subescapular estiveram correlacionadas positiva e significativamente com os valores da PAS e da PAD. Houve diferença de mediana entre as variáveis: sexo, grau de parentesco para hipertensão arterial, fumante passivo com a PAS e com a PAD. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que a PAS e a PAD das crianças e dos adolescentes diminuíram ao longo das avaliações.OBJETIVO: En este estudio se tuvo como objetivo analizar la evolución de los valores de la presión arterial sistólica (PAS, de la presión arterial diastólica (PAD y de las medidas antropométricas de niños y adolescentes que presentaron alteración de la presión arterial en una primera evaluación. MÉTODOS: Se trata de un estudio longitudinal, realizado en los meses de octubre del 2004 a diciembre del 2005, en una escuela pública de Fortaleza, Ceará. Ciento cincuenta y un individuos con edades entre seis y diecisiete años fueron evaluados y acompañados por el período de un año. RESULTADOS: Las variables edad, escolaridad, peso, altura, índice de masa corporal, perímetro de la cintura, perímetro de la cadera, circunferencia del brazo y pliegue subescapular estuvieron correlacionadas positiva y significativamente con los valores de la PAS y de la PAD. Hubo diferencia de mediana

  16. Inter(ação social nos contextos de pesquisa/intervenção em escolas de Fortaleza Interacción social en los contextos de investigación/intervención en escuelas de Fortaleza Social interaction in the context of intervention research in Fortaleza's schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veriana de Fátima Rodrigues Colaço

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta a segunda etapa de uma pesquisa que visou a investigar as estratégias de mediação realizadas por crianças em situações de interação no contexto de sala de aula. Também intentou envolver os professores, através de colaboração e intervenção. O estudo, de base etnográfica, foi desenvolvido em duas escolas do município de Fortaleza, das quais uma era particular e outra, filantrópica. Os procedimentos envolveram observações e vedeogravações das atividades discursivas das crianças no cotidiano de sala de aula quando realizavam conjuntamente tarefas escolares, para posterior análise microgenética. Ao tentar resolver as atividades escolares, as crianças expressavam seus pensamentos, reorganizavam suas ações e buscavam modos viáveis e eficientes para solucionar os problemas. Foram percebidas as peculiaridades de entonação e expressão da linguagem, bem como formas de liderança e modos de legitimação da posição enunciativa de cada criança que reafirmam os processos subjetivos em curso no espaço interativo da sala de aula.El siguiente artículo presenta la segunda etapa de una investigación que tuvo como objetivo estudiar las estrategias de mediación realizadas por niños y niñas en situaciones de interacción en el contexto del aula. También hubo un intento de integrar a los maestros, a través de colaboración e intervención. El estudio, con una base etnográfica, fue desarrollado en dos escuelas de la ciudad de Fortaleza, siendo una de ellas privada y otra filantrópica. Entre los procedimientos están observaciones y grabaciones de video de las actividades discursivas de los niños y niñas en el cotidiano del aula, mientras realizaban en conjunto tareas escolares, para el posterior análisis micro genético. Al intentar solucionar las actividades de la escuela, los niños y niñas expresaban sus pensamientos, reorganizaban sus acciones y buscaban modos viables y eficientes para solucionar

  17. O perfil das puérperas adolescentes atendidas em uma maternidade de referência de Fortaleza-Ceará Perfil de las madres adolescentes atendidas en una maternidad de referencia en Fortaleza-Ceará The profile of the puerperal adolescents treated in a referenced maternity in Fortaleza-Ceará

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    Náira de Oliveira Caminha

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se caracterizar o perfil das puérperas adolescentes de uma maternidade de Fortaleza-CE. Estudo descritivo, transversal e quantitativo, realizado no Alojamento Conjunto da Maternidade Escola Assis Chateaubriand, no período de março a julho de 2009, com 200 adolescentes. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de entrevistas. A maioria apresentava idade entre 15 e 19 anos (91,0%, residia na capital (78,0%, vivia com o pai de seu filho (64,5%, tinha baixa escolaridade (55,5%, considerava-se parda (61,5% e dona-de-casa (53%. Quanto aos métodos anticonceptivos, 73,5% usaram algum método antes de engravidar, 65,5% desejaram a gravidez e 32,5% planejaram a gravidez. Durante a gravidez, 18,5% tiveram internação hospitalar e 82,5% não utilizavam drogas. Torna-se relevante a função do enfermeiro como educador em saúde para orientá-las e torná-las autônomas na promoção de sua saúde sexual.El objetivo de ese estudio fue caracterizar el perfil de las madres adolescentes atendidas en una maternidad de referencia en Fortaleza, Ceará. Estudio descriptivo, transversal y cuantitativo, llevado a cabo en el alojamiento conjunto de la Maternidade Escola Assis Chateaubriand, de marzo a julio de 2009, con 200 adolescentes. Los datos fueron obtenidos por medio de entrevistas. La mayoría tenía entre 15 y 19 años (91,0%, residía en la capital (78,0%, vivía con el padre de su hijo (64,5%, tenía bajo nivel de educación (55,5%, consideraba a sí misma como mixta (61,5% y era ama de casa (53%. Sobre los métodos anticonceptivos, el 73,5% utilizaron algún método antes del embarazo, el 65,5% deseaban embarazar y el 32,5% planearon el embarazo. Durante este periodo, el 18,5% fueron hospitalizados y el 82,5% no consumía drogas. Es importante el papel de la enfermera como educadora de salud para guiarlos y hacerles autónomas en la promoción de la salud sexual.This study aimed to characterize the profile of puerperal adolescents in a maternity ward

  18. [MODERN TRENDS IN THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AND THE STATE OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM IN YOUNG MEN OF THE CITY OF MAGADAN].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukhanova, I V; Maksimov, A L

    2015-01-01

    In the conditions of the northern region there was performed the comparative study of indices of the physical development and state of the cardiovascular system in young male European subjects, born in the city of Magadan in the 1-2 generation over a period from 2004 to 2013. The main tendencies of physical development ofyoung male subjects in the city of Magadan were established to be the ongoing acceleration of growth process, asthenization and dysharmonization of the somatotype. It was determined increase of systolic and diastolic pressure during the last decade. Confirmed changes of cardiohemodynamics data on the back of aggravation of physical development and ongoing somatotype asthenization were shown by young male subjects, born in 90-ies of the last century. It was revealed that over the past 10 years there has been an increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure indices. Established by us the changes in the indices of cardiac hemodynamics on the background of deteriorating physical development and ongoing asthenization of the somatotype appeared to be more pronounced in young men born in the 90-ies of the last century.

  19. Towards what kind of city?

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    Mario Coletta

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The virtual city exists in “time” whereas the real city exists in “space”. The first one is an expression of our imagination, the second one of our ability to create. Time has articulated the images of cities as artisan philosophers, historians, artists, dreamers and even poets have given it to us. Space has generated cities which have been worked upon by geographers, geologists, surveyors, and finally urban planners. Space and time however live together in both cities, even if with alternating states of subordination. The culture of thinking, of decision making and of working is the unifying center of both the cities; it is the generating element both of the crises and the prosperity of the cities and it works towards an overcoming of the first and for the pursuit of the second (prosperity using the experience of the past for the making of a better future.

  20. TUBERCULOSE: A REALIDADE DOCUMENTADA DO CENTRO DE SAÚDE FLÁVIO MARCÍLIO, EM FORTALEZA-CE

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    MARIA LENILCE GONÇALVES VIEIRA

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa se fundamentó en la observación de pacientes portadores de tuberculosis, en el centro de salud flavio marcilio, localizado en la ciudad de fortaleza, desde el 2000 al 2003. Su objetivo fue el de describir la forma de distribución de los casos de tuberculosis, en el área atendida por la unidad ya citada e inferir las causas por las cuales los pacientes abandonaban el tratamiento de esta enfermedad. En el centro médico ya mencionado, la frecuencia de estos casos fue entre hombres, que tenían entre 24 a 34 años de edad en la época de abandono del mismo. Las causas de abandono del tratamiento se atribuyeron a la falta de condiciones del paciente para llegar hasta el centro médico, y la falta de eficiencia administrativa del programa de control de la enfermedad en el municipio citado. El perfil de los enfermos refleja la presencia de hombres y mujeres de baja renta y también de baja escolaridad. Conclusión: es necesario que se mejoren las pesquisas-con investigaciones más amplias-sobre el aumento de incidencia y abandono del tratamiento.

  1. Educação em saúde com prostitutas de Fortaleza: relato de experiência

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    Maria Leonor Costa de Moraes

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available As prostitutas, mesmo estando informadas sobre as DST nos seus aspectos clínicos, sentem dificuldade na manutenção do uso do preservativo. Percebe-se que o fator econômico é sentido por elas de forma mais concreta do que a necessidade de cuidar de sua saúde. Assim, realizou-se este estudo com o objetivo de relatar a experiência de educação em saúde com prostitutas atuantes em Fortaleza no ambiente da sala de espera da consulta de Enfermagem em Ginecologia no ano de 2006. Participaram das oficinas 55 mulheres, distribuídas em seis dias. As oficinas foram divididas em cinco momentos: auto-valorização; exame ginecológico; auto-estima; concorrência, competição e autoconfiança; direitos das mulheres e violência contra a mulher. Verificou-se que o trabalho de educação em saúde em grupo de prostitutas viabiliza sentimento de inclusão social, eqüidade e auto-valorização, pois as participantes se identificaram entre si, refletindo a sua circunstância pessoal na condição de trabalho, vida e saúde. Fortaleceram as relações humanas e transformaram alguns conteúdos abordados em aprendizado.

  2. ACIDENTES DE MOTOCICLETA: CARACTERÍSTICAS DAS VÍTIMAS E DOS ACIDENTES EM HOSPITAL DE FORTALEZA – CE, BRASIL

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    Luciene Miranda de Andrade

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudio retrospectivo, cuantitativo, desarrollado en una institución pública de porte referencial en la atención de emergencia a las víctimas del trauma. La finalidad de este estudio fue tratar de las características epidemiológicas de las víctimas de accidentes de motocicleta, enfocando las medidas de seguridad utilizadas por sus conductores. La muestra abarcó 306 víctimas en trauma, en la ciudad de Fortaleza-CE, en 2005. Los resultados mostraron que 301 son del sexo masculino, 138 se incluían en el grupo de edad de 18 a 29 años y 193 procedían del interior. Casi la mitad de los accidentes, 154, ocurrió los sábados y domingos, predominantemente en el horario entre 12 y 24 horas. La colisión fue el evento más frecuente, 211 casos, y 127 eran casos de politraumatismos. De ellos, 158 no tenían carnet de conducir, 160 no usaban casco y 186 no habían ingerido bebida alcohólica. Estos resultados advierten sobre la importancia de intensificar las campañas educativas sobre accidentes de tránsito, abarcando no sólo las capitales, sino también y principalmente, el interior del Estado.

  3. Padrão alimentar de lactentes residentes em áreas periféricas de Fortaleza

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    SOARES Nadia Tavares

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo caracterizou o padrão alimentar de 96 crianças menores de um ano assistidas pelo Fundo Cristão para Crianças nos bairros Álvaro Weyne e Presidente Kennedy, na cidade de Fortaleza, Brasil. Os dados foram levantados por meio de entrevista domiciliar, utilizando o método recordatório 24h para conhecimento das quantidades dos alimentos consumidos, e um formulário contendo perguntas estruturadas sobre a prática do aleitamento materno e idade de introdução dos alimentos de desmame. Os resultados indicaram que o aleitamento materno misto predomina (68% sobre o aleitamento artificial (32% e exclusivo (10% e que 7% das crianças nunca receberam leite materno. Porém, até o final do décimo mês de vida, 53% das crianças ainda são amamentadas. Mingau lácteo, preparado com leite de vaca não modificado, constitui a alimentação básica de desmame. Do ponto de vista nutricional, as dietas são desbalanceadas, sendo o ferro o nutriente mais deficiente. Devem ser intensificados os esforços na promoção da alimentação infantil apropriada.

  4. PRODUÇÃO DO ESPAÇO METROPOLITANO DE FORTALEZA E A DINÂMICA INDUSTRIAL

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    Alexsandra Maria Vieira Muniz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El periodo técnico-científico-informacional actual es basilar para la comprensión de la reestructuración urbana e industrial, así evidenció en este estudio las metamorfosis en el espacio metropolitano de Fortaleza, en curso en las últimas décadas, con énfasis en el proceso de industrialización, reflejo de las políticas públicas y privadas que crean las condiciones favorables para la reproducción expandido del capitalismo. Con la pregunta guía sobre cómo la industrial actividad participa en la producción del espacio metropolitano, pasando la cuestión de la gestión y la planificación de este espacio y el papel del Estado, utilizamos datos secundarios, en particular el Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas y Estrategias de Ceará (IPECE,Instituto Brasileño de Geografía y Estadística (IBGE y la Federación de Industrias del Estado de Ceará (FIEC,los cuales sumado a la investigación de campo y la literatura permitió analizar los resultados resaltados.

  5. Óbitos maternos em uma maternidade pública de Fortaleza: um estudo epidemiológico

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    Marta Maria Soares Herculano

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi analisar os óbitos maternos ocorridos em uma Maternidade Pública de Fortaleza-CE e identificar a existência de associações entre o momento do óbito e as causas do óbito. Foram revisados prontuários, declarações de óbito e fichas de notificação referentes aos 96 óbitos maternos ocorridos entre 2000 e 2008. O tipo de parto mais prevalente foi o cesáreo (45;46,8% e as causas de óbitos mais evidenciadas foram: síndrome hipertensiva (27;28,1%; infecção (17;17,7%; e hemorragia (16;16,7%. Houve associação estatística significante entre: cesariana e as causas de óbito síndrome hipertensiva e infecção (x²:14,40, p:0,00; x²:4,02, p:0,04; mortes ocorridas no puerpério e síndrome hipertensiva (x²:6,13, p:0,01 e infecção (x²:7,65, p:0,00. A caracterização desses óbitos auxilia no reconhecimento dos grupos de risco e na elaboração de medidas preventivas.

  6. CONHECIMENTO DOS PROFISSIONAIS DE SAÚDE ACERCA DA TRANSMISSÃO VERTICAL DA SÍFILIS EM FORTALEZA

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    Denise Maia Alves da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available : El objetivo fue verificar el conocimiento de profesionales de la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia, con relación a las acciones de prevención y control de la transmisión de la sífilis. Estudio transversal, en Fortaleza-CE, Brasil, realizado de agosto a octubre/2009. Se utilizó cuestionario autoaplicado, se consideró como respuestas aquellas que eran consonantes con las recomendaciones del Ministerio de Salud. Se utilizó el análisis univariado, con distribuciones de frecuencias, medias y desviaciones estándar. Participaron 269 profesionales, 44,7% tenían 6-10 años de experiencia en la estrategia, y 60% de las preguntas fueron respondidas correctamente sobre el conocimiento: 75,8% conocía el período de aplicación de la prueba de Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL; 78,1% conocía la droga alternativa para el tratamiento farmacológico de mujeres embarazadas alérgicas a la penicilina; 55,1% sabía los intervalos para solicitar VDRL para control y cura; y 50,2% conocía la conducta delante del compañero sexual. Los profesionales de la salud no poseían conocimiento adecuado sobre las acciones para prevención y control de la sífilis congénita.

  7. Fortalezas y Guerra Santa : un estudio comparado de algunos aspectos de funcionalidad en las fronteras de la Cristiandad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Santiago Palacios Ontalva

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En torno a las fortalezas se desarrollaron muchos de los episodios bélicos del secular enfrentamiento medieval entre el Islam y la Cristiandad. En las fronteras orientales y occidentales de estos dos mundos, la arquitectura militar se convirtió en objetivo prioritario de la guerra, al tiempo que constituían bases seguras desde las que operar contra el enemigo. El trabajo que presentamos nos permite acercarnos a la compleja realidad funcional de estos castillos a la vanguardia de la Guerra Santa, recurriendo para ello a diversos ejemplos de la realidad fronteriza en la Península Ibérica y en Tierra Santa.In connection witti thíe fortresses were developed many warlike episodes of the secular medieval confrontation among tfie Islam and the Christendom. In the western and eastern frontiers of these two worlds, the militan/ architecture was converted in a high-priority objective of the war, to the time that constituted secure bases from those which to opérate against the enemy. The work that we present allow us an approach to the complex functional reality of these castles to the forefront of the Holy War, appealing for this to various examples of the Holy Land and the Iberian península border reality.

  8. ABORDAGEM GRUPAL NA PREVENÇÃO DA AIDS: ANÁLISE DO CONHECIMENTO DE JOVENS DE FORTALEZA

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    Thiago Moura de Araújo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue analizar el conocimiento sobre Sida en grupos de adolescentes de Organizaciones Sociales Civiles (OSC que adoptaban el abordaje grupal, en Fortaleza-Ceará. Se acompañó durante tres encuentros a 24 jóvenes de ambos sexos, entre 13 — 24 años de edad, de dos grupos vinculados a OSC. Para recoger datos se utilizó la técnica de observación participante y la aplicación de un cuestionario estructurado. Se identificó que buena parte de los adolescentes están al corriente sobre el Sida y sus medios de prevención, sin embargo todavía existen dudas en relación a la transmisión del virus VIH. La televisión fue el vehículo más mencionado (91,6%, seguido de la escuela (87,5% y amigos (75% como fuente de información sobre el Sida. El diálogo con los padres, sobre sexualidad, ocurría en el 50% de los encuestados a veces, mientras que un 12,5% dialogaba siempre. De ello se deduce que el abordaje grupal es un recurso en la educación para la salud del adolescente en el contexto del Sida, al promover el conocimiento con más dinamismo.

  9. La fortaleza de Qal‘at ‘Abd as-Salam. La recuperación de una dignidad perdida (Alcalá de Henares, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Marcos, Miguel Ángel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Muslim founded fortress, placed to the Southwest of Alcalá de Henares (Madrid, has been an archaeological site roughly handled by time and men. After having been firstly excavated and restored, this site was abandoned again until the undertaking of the current reassessment tasks. Excavation and conservation tasks overlap to each other along with previous historiographical studies and analyses of factors of variations and state of preservation. It is thus guaranteed that all these activities make sense and have a clear objective, including the respect to the site and the social display of a fortified enclosure with specific characteristics. These changes do not entail formal additional modifications on behalf of preserving the place. Those building and defensive features of the hill and the surrounding areas are explained considering the social display of a monument thought to be a model of al- Andalus architecture in the Iberian plateau. It is within this idea that it must recover its lost dignity.La fortaleza de fundación musulmana situada al suroeste de Alcalá de Henares (Madrid ha sido un yacimiento arqueológico maltratado por el tiempo y por el hombre. Tras las primeras intervenciones de excavación y restauración realizadas, fue abandonado de nuevo hasta la puesta en práctica de las obras de revalorización que se realizan en la actualidad. Excavación y conservación se solapan en su ejecución con el apoyo de estudios previos historiográficos y del análisis de los factores de alteración o del estado de conservación. Se garantiza, de esta forma, que las actuaciones tengan un sentido, un objetivo claro donde prime el respeto al yacimiento y la exhibición social de un recinto fortificado con unas características propias que lo definen. Las actuaciones se ejecutan sin ocasionar alteraciones fisionómicas colaterales en nombre de la preservación del lugar. Se presentan dichas características constructivas y defensivas del

  10. Atypical Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiJulio, Betsy

    2011-01-01

    In this creative challenge, Surrealism and one-point perspective combine to produce images that not only go "beyond the real" but also beyond the ubiquitous "imaginary city" assignment often used to teach one-point perspective. Perhaps the difference is that in the "atypical cities challenge," an understanding of one-point perspective is a means…

  11. Soft Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    of a sustainable future. The project is the result of a joint research study between Denmark and Japan. Taking as its example the city of Kyoto, the project investigates some possible strategies on how cities more generally may be transformed into liveable, healthy and ecologically sensible environments....

  12. Compreendendo a prática do aleitamento exclusivo: um estudo junto a lactantes usuárias da rede de serviços em Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil Understanding exclusive breastfeeding practices: an exploratory study of lactating women using the health services network in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Maria Tavares Machado

    2008-03-01

    methodology, with an assessment and interpretative focus. The sample was comprised of 13 lactating mothers, users of the health services network of Fortaleza, State Ceará, Brazil. The technique of choice was in-depth individual interviews. RESULTS: the complexity of breastfeeding became evident, although many times considered natural and easy to be experienced independently from the social environment where it takes place. The role played by parents and grandparents was determined as being an important element in the breastfeeding process. This study concluded that successful breastfeeding was rooted in the concepts construed by the respondents throughout their lives and in their own experiences resulting in new interpretations of concepts prior to their breastfeeding experience, as well as in the events taking place during the experience. CONCLUSIONS: such experiences are not only linked to the subjective level for they report to the dimension of real life where relationships with the healthcare professionals and services are established.

  13. Soroprevalência da infecção pelo vírus da artrite-encefalite caprina (caev no rebanho de caprinos leiteiros da região da Grande Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil Seroprevalence of the caprine arthritis-encephalitis vírus infection in dairy goats in the region of "Grande Fortaleza", Ceará, Brazil

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    Ana Célia Mendes Melo

    1997-03-01

    Full Text Available Foi realizada uma pesquisa sorológica, com base no teste de imunodifusão em ágar gel (AGID com antígeno (p28 do vírus Maedi/Visna, para estimar a soroprevalência da infecção pelo vírus da Artrite-Encefalite Caprina (CAEV na população de caprinos leiteiros da região da Grande Fortaleza, Ceará. O estudo abrangeu um total de oito criatórios. dos quais cinco praticam o manejo intensivo e três o manejo semi-intensivo. A população estudada é composta, por animais puros de raças exóticas como a Saanen, Parda Alpina, Anglonubiana e Toggenburg, por animais Meio Sangue e alguns sem raça definida (SRD. Foi realizado exame clinico e coleta de amostra de soro em 248 caprinos, bem como a aplicação de questinonário epidemiológico. A análise dos dados revelou uma soroprevalência de 40,73% (101/248. As amostras soropositivas foram todas provenientes das propriedades com manejo intensivo (5/8. A distribuição da soroprevalência em cada um destes criatórios foi 61% (54/89, 74,28% (26/35, 61,11% (11/18, 11,36% (5/44 e 75% (6/8. Diferença significativa (P0,05 quanto aos falares idade e sexo dos animais estudados.A serologic survey was performed using a agar gel immunodiffusion test (AGID with the Maedi/Visna virus antigen (p28 to estimate the seroprevalence of the caprine arthritisencephalitis virus infection (CAEV in a dairy goat population in the region of "Grande Fortaleza", in the state of Ceará, Brazil. In this study a total of eight flocks were examined, five included intensive and three semi-intensive managements. The population studied consisted of three groups: pure-bred animais of exotic races such as Saanen, Alpine Parda, Anglonubian and Toggenburg: crossbreeds and animais of undefined breed. Serum samples were colleted from 248 goats, clinicai analysis were performed, andan epidemiologic survey was applied. Analysis of the results showed a seroprevalence of 40.73% (101/248. All seropositive samples carne from the flocks

  14. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    experiments are taking place in ‘the instant city’, and how can it be characterized? It also emphasizes the relation between city life, urban design, and the aesthetics of architecture and urban spaces. The question here is, in what way architecture and urban scenography are used as tools to support the goal...... of an experimental and social en- gaged city environment? The analysis shows that the specific city life at the instant city, Roskilde Festival, can be characterized by being ‘open minded’, ‘playful’ and ‘inclusive’, but also by ‘a culture of laughter’ that penetrates the aesthetics and the urban scenography.......This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...

  15. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity and hepatitis B surface antigenemia (HBSAG) among blood donors in Benin city, Edo state, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umolu, Patience Idia; Okoror, Lawrence Ehis; Orhue, Philip

    2005-03-01

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Hepatitis B virus are blood borne pathogens that can be transmitted through blood transfusion and could pose a huge problem in areas where mechanisms of ensuring blood safety are suspect. This study became necessary in a population where most of the blood for transfusion is from commercial blood donors. A total of 130 donors comprising 120 commercial donors and 10 voluntary donors were tested for antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B surface antigen in Benin city using Immunocomb HIV - 1 and 2 Biospot kit and Quimica Clinica Aplicada direct latex agglutination method respectively. Thirteen (10%) samples were HIV seropositive and 7(5.8%) were HBsAg positive. The age bracket 18 - 25years had the highest numbers of donors and also had the highest number of HBsAg positive cases (7.8%) while the age group 29 - 38years had highest number of HIV seropositive cases. High prevalence of HIV antibodies and Hepatitis B surface antigen was found among commercial blood donors. Appropriate and compulsory screening of blood donors using sensitive methods, must be ensured to prevent post transfusion hepatitis and HIV.

  16. Depression prevalence in Intensive Care Unit nursing workers: a study at hospitals in a northwestern city of São Paulo State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Vargas, Divane; Dias, Ana Paula Vieira

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of depression in nursing staff working in Intensive Care Units of hospitals from a city in Northwestern São Paulo State - Brazil, examining its association with participants' socio-demographic characteristics. The Beck Depression Inventory was applied to a sample of 67 nursing workers from three general hospitals, showing an 28.4% prevalence of depression. The analysis based on the multiple model showed a significant association between depression and marital status (OR=1.52), night work (OR=1.46) and double shifts (OR=2.11). Also, there were significant percentages of workers who reported discouragement, sadness and hopelessness. In conclusion, the prevalence of depression is significant and more attention should be paid to this problem workers at these units face. Further studies are needed in the attempt to broaden knowledge on the subject, which can support strategies to guarantee attention to ICU nursing workers' physical and mental health needs.

  17. Tombs of the Warring States Period at Jingouzhai in Yantai City, Shandong%山东烟台市金沟寨战国墓葬

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    烟台市博物馆

    2003-01-01

    In 1979, the Yantai Municipal Museum excavated 14 tombs at Jingouzhai in the eastern suburb of the city, which are all rectangular earth-pit graves with funeral object pits in most cases. The corpses are prineipally buried singly in a coffin with or without wooden chamber, in an extended supine position. The grave goods are mainly pottery, mostly practical articles. A few large-sized tombs yielded sets of ritual vessels in imitation of bronzes, as well as bronzes, chiefly weapons, and talcum artifacts. Most of the objects are placed in the coffin, on one side of the human skeleton, while pottery and talcum ornaments, such as huang semi-discs, beads and tubes, are put between the coffin and the chamber. Judging from the shape of tombs and the combination of funeral objects and taking related tombs of other areas into comparison, the cemetery under discussion can be dated to the earlier Warring States period.

  18. 内蒙古丰镇市十一窑子战国墓%Shiyiyaozi Cemetery of the Warring States Period in Fengzhen City,Inner Mongolia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乌兰察布盟博物馆

    2003-01-01

    This cemetery lies in Fengzhen City of Inner Mongolia, north of Shiyiyaozi Village of Heigedawa Township and east of the Yinma River. The eight tombs excavated are all rectangular earth pits, small in size and varying in direction. They are with or without coffins, and contain burials mostly in an extended supine position. A few human skeletons were found with bronze arrowheads inserted in them, and sheep bones were discovered as the remains of animal victims. The funeral objects are relatively small in number, with the pottery vessels belonging to the jar, pot, bowl, etc., all grey clay ware fired at a rather high temperature, and the bronzes including belt hooks, arrowheads and rings. These show quite typical features of the Central Plains culture. The tombs can be assigned to the Warring States period according to their shape and the characteristics of their objects.

  19. TABLE III. Deaths in 122 U.S. cities

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — TABLE III. Deaths in 122 U.S. cities - 2014.122 Cities Mortality Reporting System. Each week, the vital statistics offices of 122 cities across the United States...

  20. Cepas de Pseudomonas spp. produtoras de metalo-betalactamase isoladas no Hospital Geral de Fortaleza Metallo-betalactamase producing Pseudomonas spp. strains isolated in the Hospital Geral de Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio César Nogueira Torres

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Pseudomonas sp. é um bacilo gram-negativo ubíquo de vida livre e freqüente em ambientes hospitalares. Bactérias produtoras de metalo-betalactamases (MBLs são em grande parte resistentes aos betalactâmicos de largo espectro, incluindo cefalosporinas e carbapenens. Este trabalho objetivou detectar cepas de Pseudomonas spp. resistentes ao imipenem e à ceftazidima, assim como identificar aquelas produtoras de MBLs. Foram estudadas (entre junho de 2002 e junho de 2003 311 cepas isoladas de diversas amostras clínicas no Hospital Geral de Fortaleza (HGF, bem como foram realizados testes de identificação e sensibilidade pelo sistema de automação MicroScan®/WalkAway, sendo as cepas multirresistentes confirmadas através do método de difusão em disco. A triagem para detecção de amostras produtoras de MBLs foi realizada pelo método de dupla difusão, utilizando discos com mercaptoacetato de sódio. Entre essas amostras, 24 (7,71% demonstraram produção de MBLs e padrão de multirresistência entre as cepas estudadas. Os antimicrobianos para os quais as cepas apresentaram maior sensibilidade foram a piperacilina/tazobactam com 255 (82% de sensibilidade, seguido da piperacilina isoladamente, com 229 (73,63%; imipenem com 195 (62,70%; ticarcilina/ácido clavulânico com 193 (62,05%; e ceftazidima com 138 (44,37%. A detecção dessas amostras configura um problema emergente, com importantes implicações na terapêutica antimicrobiana.Pseudomonas sp. is a ubiquitous gram-negative bacilli, of free and frequent life in hospital environment. Metallo-betalactamases (MBLs productive bacteria are largely resistant to betalactamics of wide spectrum, including cephalosporin and carbapenem. The objective of this work was to detect Pseudomonas spp. strains resistant to imipenem and ceftazidime, as well as to identify the MBLs producer ones. It was studied 311 isolated strains from several clinical samples at Fortaleza General Hospital (FGH, from June

  1. Avaliação da qualidade microbiológica de frutos minimamente processados comercializados em supermercados de Fortaleza Evaluation of microbiological quality of fruits minimally processed commercialized in supermarkets in Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neuma Maria de Souza Pinheiro

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available O processamento mínimo tem sido descrito como a manipulação, o preparo, embalagem e a distribuição de produtos agrícolas, através de procedimentos como seleção, limpeza, lavagem, descascamento e corte, que não afetem suas características organolépticas, agregando valor aos mesmos. Vários fatores limitam o consumo destes produtos, os quais estão envolvidos na sua vida útil, tais como: aumento da respiração e da produção de etileno, escurecimento enzimático, descoloração da superfície, perda de água e, sobretudo, alterações microbiológicas. No presente trabalho, o enfoque foi dado a este ultimo fator. Foram analisadas 20 amostras de goiaba, manga, melão japonês, mamão formosa e abacaxi minimamente processados e comercializados em supermercados da cidade de Fortaleza-CE, considerando-se a quantificação de coliformes totais, fecais, bolores e leveduras, e detecção de bactérias potencialmente patogênicas, tais como Salmonella sp e Staphylococcus coagulase positivo. Através dos resultados deste trabalho, permitiu-se sugerir a necessidade de controle de qualidade, observando as boas práticas de fabricação, para posterior implementação de um sistema preventivo de APPCC, análise de perigos e pontos críticos de controle, para se assegurar um produto saudável e seguro para o consumidor.Minimal processing has been described as handling, preparing, packing, and distribution of agricultural products, throughout certain procedures, such as selection, cleaning, peeling and cutting, that do not affect the sensory characteristics of the products, aggregating value to them. There are some factors that limit the consumption of these products related to their shelf-life, such as increasing of respiration rate and of ethylene production, enzymatic browning, surface white discoloration, water loss and microbiological changes. This work has focused on this last factor. Twenty samples of guava, mango, melon var. "japon

  2. Conhecimento de graduandos em fisioterapia na Universidade de Fortaleza sobre o Sistema Único de Saúde University of Fortaleza physical therapy undergraduates' knowledge on the Brazilian Health Care System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liane Barreto Diógenes Pinheiro

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Um novo modelo de saúde pública, visando corrigir o sistema de saúde inadequado às necessidades da população, foi proposto na 8ª Conferência Nacional de Saúde em 1986. Até hoje, porém, o funcionamento do sistema único de saúde (SUS ainda está muito distante de seus princípios básicos. Uma questão freqüente a respeito é a da capacitação de profissionais para atuar no SUS. Este estudo objetivou avaliar o conhecimento sobre o SUS dos graduandos em Fisioterapia na Universidade de Fortaleza, por meio da aplicação de um questionário especialmente elaborado. Participaram 56 dentre os 68 graduandos em 2007, independente de sexo e idade. Os resultados mostram que 41 (73,2% dos entrevistados alegam ter recebido na graduação formação adequada para atuar no SUS; 32 (62,5% tinham feito estágio em unidade básica de saúde; e 47 (83,9% julgaram-se aptos a atuar no sistema. A média de acertos sobre os princípios doutrinários e organizacionais, origem, função e financiamento do SUS foi significativamente maior que a de erros (pIn 1986, the 8th National Health Conference proposed a new public health system model, since the existing one was deemed inappropriate to meet the population needs. However, up to the present, the Brazilian National Unified Health Care System's (NUHCS operation is far from its basic principles. Professional qualification of health providers to act in the system is often raised as a related issue. This study aimed at assessing University of Fortaleza (Unifor physical therapy undergraduate students' knowledge on the NUHCS, by means of a specifically developed survey. Fifty-six (out of 68 physical therapy graduates, regardless of sex and age, answered the questionnaire. Results show that 41 (73,2% subjects allegedly received adequate education about the NUHCS; 32 (62,5% had undergone training inside a basic health unit; and 47 (83,9% considered themselves apt to work at the system. Mean number of correct

  3. A formação de um campo em educação musical nas escolas de Educação Básica de Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conceição de Maria Cunha

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to understand the formation of a field in musical education in public elementary schools in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil. The investigation was based on Bourdieu’s praxeological studies, and highlighted the dialectical relations between the field and habitus and the musical education concepts in contemporaneity as proposed by Kraemer (2000, emphasizing that the musical teaching skills are complex, dependent on other disciplines, in particular the humanities. Five teachers teaching music at public schools were interviewed. Methodologically, a qualitative approach was chosen under the ethnographic framework in education, based on the teacher training theories and studies of musical education. After analyzing the data, categorized by content analysis, it was possible to determine concepts of what the teachers meant by musical education, which may undergo changes and adaptations from the emerging educational needs on the school grounds. We conclude that the pedagogical and musical attitudes of teachers should be sensitive to social and cultural factors of students, given the complex picture that emerges from the educational environment. It was found that the formation of a field in musical education in public elementary schools of this city is still undergoing changes, and as such it should not be configured as a habitus, according to Bourdieu’s views. However, teachers’ practices do contribute towards the strengthening of the formation of a field defined in musical education in formal school. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo compreender a formação de um campo em educação musical nas escolas públicas de Educação Básica do município de Fortaleza, Brasil. Fundamenta-se nos estudos praxiológicos de Bourdieu e ressaltam-se as relações dialéticas entre o campo e o habitus e as concepções de educação musical na contemporaneidade ponderadas por Kraemer (2000, enfatizando que os conhecimentos pedag

  4. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan

    2008-01-01

    . This cross-modal interaction not only supports our artistic messages, but also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from her/his speech activity. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective is now to cross the bridge between art......Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction...

  5. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frimann, Søren; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    with their relatively concrete dimensions are absent when the main question is one of values. Furthermore, when  the relatively straightforward identification and power structures of corporations and consumers are replaced by the more diversified structures of city government, their poplulations, and potential visitors......, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of - or willingness...... to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  6. Sin City?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Gautier, Pieter A.; Teulings, Coen n.

    , the ones who stay in the city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who married outside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. This correlation can be explained by both a causal and a sorting effect. We disentangle them by using the timing......-of-events approach. In addition we use information on father's location as an instrument. We find that the sorting effect dominates. Moving to the countryside is therefore not a cheap way to prolong relationships....

  7. Urbanization and Access Inequality to Collective Consumption Goods & Services related to Sanitation & Solid Waste in the cities of Sao Paulo State, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roig, C. D. A.; Feitosa, F. D. F.; Monteiro, A. M. V.

    2016-12-01

    Cities are mainly a product of collective consumption and there is a pressing need to expand and deepen the discussion about the quality of access to collective goods and services in the urban world: the availability of electricity and potable water and its interrelation with the lack of solid waste management and wastewater treatment leading to pollution of water sources.This study attempts to measure urban stratification through access conditions to collective goods in the metropolitan regions of Sao Paulo State (SPS) by contributing with a research method that incorporates collective consumption as a core component of the population-environment relationship. The use of spatial analysis allows the examination of the structure and distribution of accessibility to sanitation services and basic urban infrastructure.The water stress situation in SPS is dramatic. The average water loss within these distribution systems is 34,3% and a 39% average sewage treatment rate of all wastewater generated. The SPS also imports 60,6% of electricity from other states that use mostly hydroelectric power which imposes greater pressure on the country's water resources. The energy and water crisis has harmed a number of essential rights related mostly to resource access and service continuity as suburban residents of poor municipalities are the ones most affected by disruptions.SPS is the most populous state of Brazil and this region of study is responsible for 75% of total State population with 83% of State GDP. There has been a major increase in water use conflicts such as power generation, urban water supply (including the Rio de Janeiro water demand) and the dilution of urban sewage and solid waste disposal. These collective consumption access problems demonstrate the urgent need for better integrated metropolitan management of natural resources and the urban commons.

  8. City Streets

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  9. Non-state security governances and the implications for local-level citizenship in Danish semi-public city spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas Søgaard

    in Denmark I explore how local non-state notions of ´safety´, ´insecurity´, and ´intimidating categories of persons´ are central to and embodied in security guards surveillance and governing practices. In the first part I outline recent empirical changes in the field of security provision - most noteworthy......Security is both in academic and popular discourses often depicted as the opposition to violence, fear of violence and insecurity in general. In this paper I intent to focus on the politics of as well as the social implications of security governance - that is governing and surveillance practices...... originating in the state as they are related to commercial imperatives and local-level demarcation of presumed affluent and flawed consumers. In the last part I discuss how commercial security governance has significant local-level implications for conceptions of citizenship in an urban context, and how...

  10. Fortalezas y debilidades en el manejo del catéter venoso central en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ennid Margarita Chamorro

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: se evaluaron, las fortalezas y debilidades para el cumplimiento del protocolo institucional en el manejo de catéteres venosos percutáneos y umbilicales, en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales (UCIN, de una institución de niveles III y IV de atención. Metodología: Mediante un estudio descriptivo-longitudinal se observaron 67 procedimientos relacionados con la incersión, curación y administración de medicamentos o soluciones por un catéter venosos central percutáneo o umbilical . La calificación del desempeño del personal médico y de enfermería (profesional y auxiliar, se realizó mediante la observación directa y desprevida para evitar sesgos en el estudio. Los instrumentos incluyen listas de revisión de los materiales y procedimientos así como información general de los recién nacidos obtenida de las historias clínicas. Resultados: La principal falla en el cumplimiento de la norma técnica de inserción de catéteres fue la ausencia del lavado quirúrgico de manos en 27% de los catéteres percutáneos y en 37% de los catéteres umbilicales. La omisión en la toma de radiografía después de la inserción, se presentó en 27% de los catéteres percutáneos y en 37% de los catéteres umbilicales. Las complicaciones en la inserción de los catéteres son bajas (6% y se relacionan con sangrado leve a moderado. En relación con los materiales para la inserción del catéter umbilical, se encontró la ausencia de la llave de tres vías en 25% de los procedimientos, y el uso en 100% de los procedimientos de un campo de ojo muy grande, que exponía mucha más superficie de la necesaria para el procedimiento y exigía mayor manipulación y riesgo de contaminación por parte del personal. Las principales deficiencias en el cumplimiento del protocolo de curación de los catéteres, se relacionan con la ausencia de guantes limpios en el equipo para manipular apósitos contaminados (47%. Durante la administración de

  11. Fortalezas y debilidades en el manejo del catéter venoso central en una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Patricia Valencia

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: se evaluaron, las fortalezas y debilidades para el cumplimiento del protocolo institucional en el manejo de catéteres venosos percutáneos y umbilicales, en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales (UCIN, de una institución de niveles III y IV de atención. Metodología: Mediante un estudio descriptivo-longitudinal se observaron 67 procedimientos relacionados con la incersión, curación y administración de medicamentos o soluciones por un catéter venosos central percutáneo o umbilical . La calificación del desempeño del personal médico y de enfermería (profesional y auxiliar, se realizó mediante la observación directa y desprevida para evitar sesgos en el estudio. Los instrumentos incluyen listas de revisión de los materiales y procedimientos así como información general de los recién nacidos obtenida de las historias clínicas. Resultados: La principal falla en el cumplimiento de la norma técnica de inserción de catéteres fue la ausencia del lavado quirúrgico de manos en 27% de los catéteres percutáneos y en 37% de los catéteres umbilicales. La omisión en la toma de radiografía después de la inserción, se presentó en 27% de los catéteres percutáneos y en 37% de los catéteres umbilicales. Las complicaciones en la inserción de los catéteres son bajas (6% y se relacionan con sangrado leve a moderado. En relación con los materiales para la inserción del catéter umbilical, se encontró la ausencia de la llave de tres vías en 25% de los procedimientos, y el uso en 100% de los procedimientos de un campo de ojo muy grande, que exponía mucha más superficie de la necesaria para el procedimiento y exigía mayor manipulación y riesgo de contaminación por parte del personal. Las principales deficiencias en el cumplimiento del protocolo de curación de los catéteres, se relacionan con la ausencia de guantes limpios en el equipo para manipular apósitos contaminados (47%. Durante la administración de

  12. Reabilitation of degraded area by erosion, using soil bioengineering techniques in Bacanga river basin, Sao Luis City - Maranhao State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira Guerra, A. J.; Rodrigues Bezerra, J. F.; da Mota Lima, L. D.; Silva Mendonça, J. K.; Vieira Souza, U. D.; Teixeira Guerra, T.

    2009-04-01

    The aim of this paper is to assess the stages of rehabilitation of a degraded site by erosion, in Salina/Sacavém district, São Luís City, considering geomorphologic characteristics and soil bioengineering techniques. This technique has been applied in different situations to rehabilitate degraded areas, with positive results from the use of biodegradable materials (e.g. vegetal fibres, wooden stakes and re-vegetation). These techniques stabilize the soil at low cost and improve the environment. Bioengineering involves the planned and strategic application of selected materials, involving biodegradable materials, often in combination with 'hard engineering' structures constructed from stone, concrete and steel. The settlement of São Luís was established in 1612 and has evolved in distinct phases. Rapid urban growth was associated with industrialization in the second half of the 18th Century. Rapid population and urban growth has intensified problems, compounded by poor planning and improper soil use. São Luís, like many other Brazilian cities, has experienced rapid population growth in recent decades, which has created a series of socio-economic and environmental problems, including accelerated soil erosion. Sacavém is one of these communities where natural and human factors contribute to the severe gully erosion. The local lithology is mainly Tertiary sandstones and, to a lesser extent, shales, argillites and siltstones, all of which belong to the Barreiras Formation. Weathering on these rocks produces erodible soils, including lithosols, latosols, concretionary red/yellow clay soils and concretionary plinthosols. Thus, erodible soils and regolith are subject to high erosion rates, especially on steeper slopes subject to additional human interventions. Furthermore, although regional slopes are quite gentle, there is localized high relative relief. Sacavém vegetation, in the gullied area, consists of brushwood. Secondary mixed forest and brushwood are the

  13. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frimann, Søren; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    with their relatively concrete dimensions are absent when the main question is one of values. Furthermore, when  the relatively straightforward identification and power structures of corporations and consumers are replaced by the more diversified structures of city government, their poplulations, and potential visitors...... to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  14. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    Batty, M.

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  15. CARACTERIZAÇÃO DE GESTANTES COM TESTE RÁPIDO POSITIVO PARA HIV EM FORTALEZA-CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LÉA MARIA MOURA BARROSO

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue describir a las gestantes sometidas al test rápido para detectar VIH/SIDA en una maternidad de Fortaleza- CE, en relación a las características sociodemográficas y clínicas. Estudio transversal del tipo documental retrospectivo, con trece gestantes sometidas al test rápido y con resultado positivo para VIH/SIDA en el periodo de abril de 2002 a abril de 2004. El promedio de edad de las gestantes era 26,2 años; el 61,5% estudió entre cuatro a siete años; el 69,2 % era de la capital y el 30,8 % del interior; el 53,8 % ama de casa; el 54,0 % con cuatro a siete consultas de prenatal; el 46,2 % fue diagnosticada antes del parto; el 84,6 % recibió profilaxis solamente en el parto; el 46,0% tuvo bolsa rota hasta cuatro horas antes del parto; el 77,0% parto quirúrgico y el 100% de los recién nacidos recibió el jarabe de AZT en las primeras dos horas de vida. Se concluye que la institución garantizó la reducción del riesgo de contaminación del recién nacido, sin embargo se percibió deficiencia en los servicios que ofrecieron atención antes del parto.

  16. Feeding dynamics and ecomorphology of Oligosarcus jenynsii (Gunther, 1864 and Oligosarcus robustus (Menezes, 1969 in the Lagoa Fortaleza, southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. M. Nunes

    Full Text Available Oligosarcus jenynsii and Oligosarcus robustus are fishes of Characidae family that occur in Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay and northern Argentina. This work purported to study the feeding dynamics (repletion and hepatosomatic indexes and condition factor over time, and to investigate the coexistence of these two species by evaluating the partition of resources using qualitative and quantitative analyses of diet, temporal and spatial segregation throughout the water column and some ecomorphological aspects of the species in the Lagoa Fortaleza. Specimens were sampled monthly, from May 2000 to April 2001 during 24 h/month, using stationary gill nets of different mesh sizes. The records of each individual included total and standard length; total, stomach and liver weight; sex and stomach repletion. The variation of the mean values of repletion index and relative frequencies of stomach repletion stages indicate that O. jenynsii and O. robustus do not present seasonal differences in feeding intensity. The hepatosomatic index shows an allocation of energy to the liver during every period except reproduction, when part of the energy is used for gonad maturation. The estimated condition factor for both species reveals an increase in the reproductive period, evidencing the influence of gonads upon the condition of the fish. The diet analysis revealed that O. robustus is piscivorous, whereas O. jenynsii is a generalist carnivore, tending to piscivory as well. The active period of O. robustus is more concentrated at sunrise and sunset, whereas O. jenynsii is continually active, a characteristic related to hunting for prey. The ecomorphological analysis revealed differences between the two species in the dimensions of the mouth. Evidence suggests that the species coexist, sharing food sources, differing in oral morphology but ingesting similar prey, possibly because food is not a limiting factor in the environment.

  17. Prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em escolares da rede pública e particular da cidade de fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Alberto Ramirez de Paula

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Verificar a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade em escolares da rede pública e particular da cidade de Fortaleza-CE. Métodos: Pesquisa observacional, transversal, desenvolvida no período de agosto a novembro de 2012, com amostra composta por 217 crianças na faixa etária entre 7 e 11 anos. Avaliaram-se os parâmetros antropométricos de massa corporal, estatura e índice de massa corporal (IMC. Realizou-se a análise dos dados com o auxílio do Predictive Analytics SoftWare. Resultados: Encontrou-se a média da idade das crianças de 8,1 anos. Na massa corporal, verificou-se que as crianças da escola particular tiveram média superior, sendo no masculino de 36,0±11,70 kg e no feminino de 33,59±8,97 kg, enquanto na escola pública o masculino foi de 27,05±05 kg e o feminino, 28,06±7,73 kg (p<0,05. Para o IMC, constatou-se, no ensino público, estado de eutrofia em 66 (81,5% crianças do sexo masculino e 65 (72,2% do feminino; por outro lado, verificou-se maior prevalência de crianças com sobrepeso e obesidade em alunos da escola particular, sendo 12 (50,0% do masculino e 10 (45,5% do feminino. Conclusão: Encontrou-se alta prevalência de crianças acometidas com excesso de peso e obesidade tanto em escolas da rede de ensino particular como pública, apontando maiores valores para as crianças da rede particular de ensino.

  18. Profile of acid-base disturbances in an intensive care unit of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renan Barbosa Rodrigues

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Acid – base disturbances are entities caused by the deregulation of the concentration of bicarbonate ions, the concentration of hydrogen ions and the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the blood. These disturbances modify most cell fuctions when present, jeopardizing the proper functioning of organs.Methods: Cross-sectional analytical study based upon data collected from medical files of patients in ICU as seen from August 1 to December 31, 2013 at the Dr. José Frota Institute in Fortaleza, Ceará. The variables studied were: age, sex, cause of ICU admission, pH, HCO3-, pO2, pCO2 , glomerular filtration rate ( GFR , serum potassium concentrarion, serum magnesium concentration, serum creatinine and hemoglobin levels.Results: The most frequent disorders were primary respiratory alkalosis with               33 ( 38,4 % cases, 30 ( 34,9 % of metabolic alkalosis, 13 ( 15.1% of metabolic acidosis,    7 ( 8,2% did not present acid-base disorders and respiratory acidosis           3 ( 3,5%. Patients admitted with TBI had respiratory alkalosis as the most common primary disorder, followed by metabolic alkalosis, 16 ( 47,0 % and 13 ( 38,2 % , respectively. The main disturbances were mixed respiratory alkalosis with metabolic alkalosis and respiratory alkalosis with metabolic alkalosis found in 15.12% of patients in each of these combinations. Conclusion:The importance  of a detailed evaluation of acid-base disturbances is necessary since these disorders lead to higher mortality rates, so it is necessary to establish the main types of disorders that are associated with a particular cause of hospitalization .

  19. Vaccination status of people living with HIV/AIDS in outpatient care in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunha, Gilmara Holanda da; Galvão, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz; Medeiros, Camila Martins de; Rocha, Ryvanne Paulino; Lima, Maria Amanda Correia; Fechine, Francisco Vagnaldo

    2016-01-01

    Antiretroviral therapy has increased the survival of patients with HIV/AIDS, thus necessitating health promotion practice with immunization. Vaccines are critical components for protecting people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). The purpose of study was to analyze the vaccination status of PLWHA in outpatient care in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Cross-sectional study performed from June 2014 to June 2015. The screening was done with patients in antiretroviral therapy, 420 patients underwent screening, but only 99 met the inclusion criteria. Data were collected for interviews using forms to characterize sociodemographic, clinical and vaccination situations. Only 14 patients had complete vaccination schedules. The most used vaccines were hepatitis B, influenza vaccine and 23-valent pneumococcal. There was no difference between men and women regarding the proportion of PLWHA with full vaccination schedule or between sex, skin color, marital status, sexual orientation, religion or occupational status. There was no difference between having or not having a complete vaccination schedule and age, years of education, family income or number of hospitalizations. CD4+ T-cells count of patients with incomplete immunization was lower than patients with complete immunization. Health education strategies can be done individually or in groups to explain the importance of vaccination and to remind about doses to be administered. Most patients did not have proper adherence to vaccination schedules, especially due to lack of guidance. Results implied that education in health is important for vaccination adhesion, knowledge of adverse events and continuation of schemes. Copyright © 2016 Sociedade Brasileira de Infectologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  20. Accepted into Education City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asquith, Christina

    2006-01-01

    Qatar's Education City, perhaps the world's most diverse campus, is almost entirely unknown in the United States, but represents the next step in the globalization of American higher education--international franchising. Aided by technology such as online libraries, distance learning and streaming video, U.S. universities offer--and charge tuition…

  1. Preparedness for the evaluation and management of mass casualty incidents involving anticholinesterase compounds: a survey of emergency department directors in the 12 largest cities in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madsen, James M; Greenberg, Michael I

    2010-01-01

    Anticholinesterases include carbamate and organophosphorus (OP) insecticides and nerve agents. Release of these compounds can flood emergency departments (EDs) with large numbers of poisoned victims and worried individuals. It was hypothesized that despite the focus of disaster preparedness on large metropolitan areas, EDs in these cities would still report self-perceptions of deficiencies in preparedness for mass casualty incidents (MCIs) involving these chemicals. A secure and anonymous online survey was prepared and piloted, and E-mail invitations were sent to the physician directors of the 220 continuously staffed EDs in the 12 most populous incorporated cities in the United States. Forty-six ED directors could not be contacted despite repeated attempts. Of the remaining 174 directors, eight declined and 89 took the survey, for a response rate of 51.1 percent. Fewer than 20 percent were very confident in the effectiveness of their training, and only 4.9 percent were very confident that drills had given them the preparation that they needed. Only 45. 7 percent of reporting hospitals had a board-certified medical toxicologist to help in such an emergency. Almost two-thirds (73.6 percent) of those familiar with the online Radiation Event Medical Management (REMM) module from the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health thought that a chemical counterpart to REMM would be either moderately or very helpful for MCIs involving anticholinesterases. This study demonstrates that physician ED directors perceived marked deficiencies in their abilities to respond to this kind of toxicological emergency and suggests critical directions for remediation of these deficiencies.

  2. Avaliação do nível de atividade física e fatores associados em estudantes de medicina de Fortaleza-CE Evaluación del nivel de actividad física y factores asociados en estudiantes de medicina de Fortaleza - CE Evaluation of the level of physical activity and associated factors in medical students from Fortaleza - CE

    OpenAIRE

    Euton Freitas de Castro Júnior; Levi Alves Barreto; José Alberto Alves Oliveira; Paulo César de Almeida; José Alberto Dias Leite

    2012-01-01

    Objetivou-se avaliar o Nível de Atividade Física em acadêmicos de Medicina. Estudo transversal, descritivo e analítico, realizado em escolas médicas públicas e privadas e em hospitais- escola de Fortaleza. Amostra de 840 alunos, 409 do sexo masculino e 431 do feminino, na faixa etária de 17 a 33 anos, escolhidos de forma aleatória. Utilizou-se o Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física na versão curta. A maioria dos estudantes (72,6%) foi classificada como sedentária ou insuficientement...

  3. 纽约市青年群体就业:《基于一个城市,一个系统:纽约市劳动力系统现状(2011)》报告%New York City Youth Labor Employment:Based on the Report of“One System for One City:The State of the New York City Workforce System Fiscal Year 2011”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔令帅

    2013-01-01

    The government of New York City issued the report of“One System for One City:The State of the New York City Workforce System Fiscal Year 2011"in June 2012 in order to provide employment data and better services for employers and job seekers. The employment and income of youth group (18-24 years) in New York City are facing a number of difficulties. Employment sectors in New York City have taken a number of measures to promote the youth labor employment and have achieved certain results.%2012年6月,纽约市政府出台了《一个城市,一个系统:纽约市劳动力系统现状(2011)》报告,为雇主和工作寻求者提供就业数据和更好的服务。纽约市青年群体(18-24岁)的就业和收入情况不容乐观,面临困境。纽约市就业部门采取了一些促进青年就业的措施,取得了一定效果。

  4. A comparative approach to the economic participation of older adults: the case of the city of Monterrey and Mexico State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl E. López

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The issue of economic participation of over 65 years in Mexico has attracted particular interest due mainly to high rates of participation that holds this age group. Most national and regional research agrees that the social protection system is a key determinant for the decision to participate or not in the labor market by older adults. However, the comparison of different scenarios is not yet widely used practice in this area and do not know deeply the dynamics of this phenomenon. Using two different data sources, this paper intends to compare the employment status of older adults in the state of Mexico and Monterrey, with the ultimate aim of inquiring about the specifics of the phenomenon.

  5. Utilizing Undergraduate Research Projects to Assist in the Development of Interpretive Resources at City of Rocks National Reserve and Castle Rocks State Park, Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pogue, K. R.

    2003-12-01

    In the Albion Mountains of southern Idaho, granitic rock of the 28 Ma Almo pluton and 2.5 Ga Green Creek Complex of southern Idaho has weathered and eroded into a spectacular landscape of towers and spires. These unusual landforms impressed travelers on the California Trail who compared their shapes to cathedrals, castles, pyramids, and other man-made structures. The region eventually became know as the City of Rocks and was a local scenic attraction until City of Rocks National Reserve (CRNR) was established in 1989 to provide more effective management for the main group of spires which were drawing an increasing number of tourists. In 2003, Castle Rocks State Park (CRSP) was created to provide both access and protection to a less extensive group of spires located a few kilometers north of the City of Rocks. Interpretive resources at CRNR have generally focused on the human history of the region, particularly its importance to the California Trail, and have largely neglected the fascinating geologic story. Although the general framework of the geology of the Albion Mountains is reasonably well known, this "big-picture" geology does little to answer many of the questions posed by the average visitor. During the summer of 2001, a Keck Geology Consortium undergraduate research project was conducted in CRNR to seek answers to these types of questions. CRNR staff could then utilize the students' research to develop interpretive resources. Six students and two professors spent 4 weeks in the field investigating the structures and processes that have contributed to the architecture of the City of Rocks. The general geomorphology of the Albion Mountains was the focus of a Keck Geology Consortium undergraduate research project conducted during the summer of 2002. Nine students and three professors studied the glacial and landslide history of the highest peaks and the geomorphic evolution of the proposed CRSP. Students working in the Castle Rocks had 2 main goals: 1

  6. Drone City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2016-01-01

    design” will be used as a background perspective to reflect upon the future of drones in cities. The other perspective used to frame the phenomenon is the emerging discourse of the “smart city”. A city of proliferating digital information and data communication may be termed a smart city as shorthand......This paper address the phenomenon of drones and their potential relationship with the city from the point of view of the so-called “mobilities turn”. This is done in such a way that turns attention to a recent redevelopment of the “turn” towards design; so the emerging perspective of “mobilities...... for a new urban condition where cities are networked and connected (as well as disconnected) from the local block to global digital spheres. In the midst of many of the well-known data-creating devices (e.g. Bluetooth, radio-frequency identification (RFID), GPS, smartphone applications) there is a “new kid...

  7. Os tipos em Fortaleza: uma pequena história da impressão cearense no século XIX = Types in Fortaleza: a short history of printing in the cearense nineteenth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lima, Rafaela Gomes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem por objetivo realizar um pequeno apanhado acerca da história da tipografia na capital do Ceará no século XIX. Visa-se apresentar os primórdios de seu desenvolvimento e o crescimento da atividade que foi adquirindo importância na medida em que o Ceará e sobretudo, Fortaleza foram se inserindo num contexto mundial de avanço material,- fato que se observa com mais ênfase na segunda metade do século-, o que também proporcionou um aumento das atividades culturais, com ênfase nas práticas letradas. Buscou-se então, para a realização da pesquisa, confrontar fontes de diversas naturezas, como jornais, livros de época, nos quais se pode identificar a tipografia responsável por sua impressão, além dos almanaques, revistas do Instituto do Ceará e obras de memorialistas. A análise das citadas fontes tentou responder as indagações acerca não só do número de estabelecimentos tipográficos em dados momentos da história, mas também dos tipos de impressos que por eles eram produzidos tendo em vista a época e os interesses por trás da impressão, ou seja, se eram impressos de ordem administrativa, religiosa, se envolviam embates políticos ou impressos literários. Através dessas análises pode-se então dizer que esses estabelecimentos desde sua introdução na Província, tornaram-se parte integrante do cotidiano e elemento indispensável para o processo de modernização sofrido pelo Ceará no período em questão, já que a palavra impressa é tida como grande agente transformador

  8. La enseñanza de la química desde el modelo integrado de aprendizaje profundo, MIAP. Fortalezas y debilidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna Camacho

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available En este análisis crítico del Modelo Integrado de Aprendizaje Profundo, MIAP, se presentan algunos fundamentos teóricos del modelo, a partir de lo trabajado por el equipo de la Facultad de Educación de la Universidad Católica de Chile. Posteriormente, se reconocen algunas fortalezas y debilidades para la enseñanza de la química y se presentan algunos aspectos que pueden considerarse con el fin de mejorar las prácticas educativas de los profesores de química de enseñanza básica y media.

  9. Aproximación a las fortalezas de carácter en los estudiantes de Educación Social. Perfil de una muestra

    OpenAIRE

    Calderón, Diego; Forés i Miravalles, Anna; Gustems Carnicer, Josep

    2016-01-01

    La formación de los educadores sociales pasa por conseguir que desarrollen unas competencias transversales que les permitan desenvolverse en diversos contextos laborales. Estas competencias están estrechamente relacionadas con las fortalezas de carácter formuladas por Peterson y Seligman (2004). En este artículo se muestra un estudio exploratorio transversal realizado con treinta estudiantes de cuarto curso del grado de Educación Social de la Universidad de Barcelona en el curso 2014 2015, en...

  10. Eu era feio, agora tenho carro : encenações e práticas de consumo em clubes de forró de Fortaleza

    OpenAIRE

    Robson da Silva Braga

    2015-01-01

    De caráter etnográfico (Guber), a pesquisa analisou de que modo os consumidores de “forró estilizado” ou “forró eletrônico” se apropriam (Canclini) das formas simbólicas (Thompson) que compõem duas casas de show consideradas de "classe média" na capital cearense para produzir encenações de si (Goffman) com base nas categorias nativas de "modernidade" e "sofisticação". A investigação partiu da concepção de que Fortaleza, tida como "a capital do forró" estilizado, vem se inserindo num processo ...

  11. Avaliação farmacognostica e da rotulagem das drogas vegetais boldo-do-chile (Peumus boldus Molina) e camomila (Matricaria recutita L.) comercializadas em Fortaleza, CE

    OpenAIRE

    F.P. SOARES; N.M. FREIRE; SOUZA, T. R. de

    2015-01-01

    RESUMO Boldo-do-chile (Peumus boldus) e camomila (Matricaria recutita) são plantas empregadas na fitoterapia principalmente para o tratamento de desordens hepáticas e intestinais, atuando também como anti-inflamatório e antiespasmódico, respectivamente. Por isso, o presente trabalho objetivou avaliar a qualidade farmacognostica dessas drogas vegetais comercializadas em Fortaleza (CE), além das informações de suas rotulagens. Quarenta e duas amostras de boldo, e quarenta e cinco amostras de ca...

  12. Mapping smart cities in the EU

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Manville, C.; Cochrane, G.; Cave, J.; Millard, J.; Pederson, J.K.; Thaarup, R.K.; Liebe, A.; Wissner, M.; Massink, R.A.; Kotterink, B.

    2014-01-01

    This report was commissioned to provide background information and advice on Smart Cities in the European Union (EU) and to explain how existing mechanisms perform. In exploring this, a working definition of a Smart City is established and the cities fitting this definition across the Member States

  13. Mapping smart cities in the EU

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Manville, C.; Cochrane, G.; Cave, J.; Millard, J.; Pederson, J.K.; Thaarup, R.K.; Liebe, A.; Wissner, M.; Massink, R.A.; Kotterink, B.

    2014-01-01

    This report was commissioned to provide background information and advice on Smart Cities in the European Union (EU) and to explain how existing mechanisms perform. In exploring this, a working definition of a Smart City is established and the cities fitting this definition across the Member States

  14. The stormwater drain system as a pollution vector of the seashore in Fortaleza (Ceará State, Brazil Sistema de galerias pluviais como vetor poluente da zona costeira de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regine H.S.F. Vieira

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to make a diagnosis of coastal pollution through bacteriological analysis of water taken from stormwater drain systems and the nearby seashore. The results were submitted to statistical analysis as to differences in the Most Probable Number (MPN of fecal coliform (FC found between the stormwater drain systems and adjacent seashore locations both at low and high tides. The main conclusions were: (a most water samples collected from the stormwater systems presented MPN values for FC above 1,000 per 100 ml; (b only 20% of the samples from the adjacent seashore presented MPN values for FC above 1,000 per 100 ml, a fact which may be explained by the distance between the drain system outlets and the actual seashore; (c FC/100 ml values were invariably higher in the stormwater drain systems than in seawater; (d out of the 180 strains isolated, 118 were Escherichia coli; (e the highest in-sewer pollution rate was found at the sampling location in front of Imperial Othon Palace Hotel (IO-SEW, characterized by the presence of an everlasting puddle, while the most polluted seawater sample was taken in front of Statue of Iracema (SI-SEA; (g the high tide regime enhances the chance of pollution of the coastal zone by fecal coliforms; (h the high pollution indices by fecal coliforms can only be accounted for by the existence of illegal sewage pipelines connected to the stormwater drain systems.O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar o diagnóstico da poluição costeira, através da análise bacteriológica da água de galerias pluviais e da zona marinha adjacente. Entre setembro de 2000 e março de 2001 foram obtidas 90 amostras, sendo 45 nas galerias e 45 na adjacente zona marinha, localizadas em frente aos seguintes pontos de coleta: Esplanada Hotel, Imperial Othon Palace e Estátua de Iracema. Os resultados foram apresentados como o Número Mais Provável (NMP de coliformes fecais por 100 ml (CF/100ml, e submetidos a comparação estatística nos regimes de preamar e baixamar por Análise de Variância e Teste de Tukey. As conclusões são: (a a maior parte das amostras de água coletadas nas galerias apresentou valores de NPM de CF/100 ml superiores a 1.000; (b a zona marinha adjacente apresentou apenas 20% das amostras com NPM de CF/100 ml maior do que 1.000, fato que pode estar relacionado com a distância das galerias à praia; (c as galerias apresentaram NMP de CF/100 ml sempre mais altos que a zona marinha; (d das 180 cepas isoladas, 118 eram E. coli; (e os maiores índices de poluição por CF em galerias ocorreram em frente ao Imperial Othon Palace e, na zona marinha adjacente, em frente à Estátua de Iracema; (f o regime de preamar contribui para o aumento da poluição da zona costeira por coliformes fecais; (g os elevados índices de poluição por coliformes fecais só podem ser explicados pela existência de esgotos ilegais conectados às galerias pluviais.

  15. Avaliação econômica da rubéola e de estratégia de controle em situação de surto em Fortaleza (Ceará, Brasil Economic evaluation of rubella and control strategies during an outbreak in Fortaleza (Ceará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Marques Mota

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Em 2007, o país vivenciou uma epidemia de rubéola, com 8.683 casos confirmados. Realizou-se uma avaliação econômica da rubéola e de uma estratégia de controle em surto ocorrido em Fortaleza em 2007. Dois estudos de avaliação econômica foram conduzidos. O primeiro foi uma análise de custo-enfermidade dos casos confirmados, e o segundo, uma análise de custo-efetividade entre duas estratégias de intervenção relacionadas à rubéola. Comparou-se o custo-efetividade da vacinação emergencial (i.e., operação limpeza com o prestar assistência de saúde aos casos confirmados de rubéola. O estudo considerou as perspectivas econômicas do governo brasileiro por intermédio do Ministério da Saúde e também da sociedade, em que custos diretos e indiretos da prevenção e do tratamento da rubéola foram incluídos nas análises. O custo-enfermidade total dos 21 casos de rubéola foi de R$ 2.008,54 (médio R$ 95,65 e R$ 14.009,20 (médio R$ 667,10, desde as perspectivas do governo e sociedade, respectivamente. Os valores estimados para o custo-enfermidade total no país foram de aproximadamente R$ 831 mil para o governo e R$ 5.8 milhões para a sociedade. A análise de custo-efetividade incremental mostrou que a operação limpeza foi considerada dominante sobre a assistência aos casos de rubéola, produzindo maiores benefícios (i.e., redução dos casos de rubéola a um menor custo. Esses resultados mostraram-se robustos em uma série de análises de sensibilidade. A análise de custo-efetividade nos mostrou que a alternativa de vacinação emergencial apresentou uma melhor relação de custo-efetividade e resultou em uma economia de recursos em ambas as perspectivas adotadas.In 2007, Brazil experienced an epidemic of rubella with 8,683 confirmed cases of the disease. An economic evaluation of rubella was performed, as well as an outbreak control strategy in the city of Fortaleza in 2007. Two economic evaluations were conducted. The

  16. PSYCHOTROPIC MEDICINE PRESCRIPTIONS IN A PRIMARY CARE UNIT IN A BIG CITY OF SÃO PAULO STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Oliveira da Silva

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Aiming toknowthe consumptionprofileof psychotropic drugs inpopulation ofperipheral region of abig cityof São Paulo State, 800 prescriptionsfromaPrimary CareUnitareassessedaccordingto344/98-SVS/MS.In that timethecontrolof these drugs were mademanually.The results showed1371 drugsdispensedandamong those1134were psychotropic.Thetotal was64,513pillunits, an average of 107 units with 1.7 drugs per prescription, while82.1% came from public services. The total number of drugs prescribed per prescription had themajority (60.0% onedrug, 20.3%, two drugs, three drugs 11.6%, 6.6% four or moremedications, including those not controlled (14% . Twenty drugswerenot on the standard list.Of controlled, 78.4% belonged to theclassC1 and21.6% toB1.There is a large consumption ofpsychotropic medications for thispoorpopulation, with a prevalence of antidepressants. Thesubsequent implementation of the computerized system significantly reduced the units dispensed,indicating that forms of management are factors to be considered in the rational use of drugs,such as the use of technologies and also the wide range of approaches to health education, such astraining of health professionals, including prescribers

  17. Transmitted Drug Resistance among People Living with HIV/Aids at Major Cities of Sao Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joao Leandro Paula Ferreira

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance (TDR is an important public health issue. In Brazil, low to intermediate resistance levels have been described. We assessed 225 HIV-1 infected, antiretroviral naïve individuals, from HIV Reference Centers at two major metropolitan areas of Sao Paulo (Sao Paulo and Campinas, the state that concentrates most of the Brazilian Aids cases. TDR was analyzed by Stanford Calibrated Population Resistance criteria (CPR, and mutations were observed in 17 individuals (7.6%, 95% CI: 4.5%–11.9%. Seventy-six percent of genomes (13/17 with TDR carried a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI resistance mutation, mostly K103N/S (9/13, 69%, potentially compromising the preferential first-line therapy suggested by the Brazilian HIV Treatment Guideline that recommends efavirenz-based combinations. Moreover, 6/17 (35% had multiple mutations associated with resistance to one or more classes. HIV-1 B was the prevalent subtype (80%; other subtypes include HIV-1 F and C, mosaics BC, BF, and single cases of subtype A1 and CRF02_AG. The HIV Reference Center of Campinas presented more cases with TDR, with a significant association of TDR with clade B infection (P<0.05.

  18. Homicides among teenagers in the city of Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil: vulnerability, susceptibility, and gender cultures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sant'Anna Ana Rosária

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors present a quantitative and qualitative study on homicides among teenagers in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, based on a historical series during the 1990s and the life and death histories in this group, with a special focus on 1997. In that year there were 68 homicides in which the victims were from 10 to 19 years old. Of the 68, 62 were males and only 6 females, or a ratio of 10:1, showing that young males are more vulnerable and susceptible to being murdered. The data indicate that cause of death is influenced by gender culture and that homicides are based on power and status symbols characterizing a kind of virility. This expression of virility in the shaping of violence also appears in the domination of the female body observed in homicides with young women as the victims. The life and death histories of these teenagers highlight the pertinence of the gender-based analysis as a theoretical-analytical category, in addition to analyses considering socioeconomic aspects and social inequity.

  19. Cryptosporidium sp. in children suffering from acute diarrhea at Uberlândia City, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margareth Leitão Gennari-Cardoso

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available This study's objective was to search for Cryptosporidium sp. in diarrheic feces from children aged zero to 12 years and cared for at medical units within Universidade Federal de Uberlândia or at a private practice in Uberlândia, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, from September 1992 to August 1993. Three fecal samples preserved in 10% formalin, were collected from 94 children. Oocyst concentration was performed through Ritchie's (modified method and staining of fecal smears for each sample (total of 1128 slides was done by the "Safranin/Methylene Blue" and the "Kinyoun (modified" techniques. The Hoffmann, Pons & Janer method was also employed to look for other enteroparasites. From 94 children, 4.26% excreted fecal Cryptosporidium oocysts. The infection seemed to vary according to age: 5.08% of patients aged zero to two years old; 33.33% of those aging eight to ten years (P>0.05. Cryptosporidium appeared in November, December and March, during the rainy season. 20.21% of the children harbored at least one enteroparasite different from Cryptosporidium, mainly Giardia intestinalis (12.77%. From Cryptosporidium infected patients, two had only this kind, another harbored Giardia intestinalis; the last one hosted Strongyloides stercoralis.

  20. Harm Reduction Unit of the City of Santo André, São Paulo State, Brazil: An Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Moreira da Silva

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The Harm Reduction Unit (HRU in Santo André (São Paulo State was created to improve the health of people who either live or work on the streets: drug users, commercial sex workers (male and female, men who have sex with men, sexually exploited adolescents, transsexuals, transvestites, lesbians, and women working in brothels. This project was undertaken to evaluate the HRU from the perspective of its users. A semi-structured interview was administered to nineteen users from different segments of the populations served by the unit. The major weaknesses of the HRU were felt to be its inconsistent presence in some areas and the absence of psychologists to provide follow-up care. The unit was seen as promoting better health, increased use of condoms, reduction in drug usage, increased access and use of health care services, and less sharing of equipment used in drug consumption. Users see the HRU as a sympathetic presence whose ongoing work provides them with a sense of security and protection. The impact of the HRU went beyond harm reduction; users reported transformative changes such as increased awareness of their social rights and knowledge about how those rights can be demanded. Users had been given new tools to face their problems and seek access to education, work, and housing. Key words: harm reduction, illegal drugs, health service evaluation, social problems

  1. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    The Flying Cities artistic installation brings to life imaginary cities made from the speech input of visitors. In this article we describe the original interactive process generating real time 3D graphics from spectators' vocal inputs. This example of cross-modal interaction has the nice property...... of providing a tangible correspondence between the two spaces. This interaction mean has proved to suit the artistic expression well but it also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from speech activity, a new medium for creativity and a way to visually perceive a vocal performance....... As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective now is to cross the bridge between art and the potential applications to the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or for the treatment of language impairments....

  2. Occurrence of Ancylostoma in dogs, cats and public places from Andradina city, São Paulo state, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coelho, Willian Marinho Dourado; Amarante, Alessandro Francisco Talamini do; Apolinário, Juliana de Carvalho; Coelho, Natalia Marinho Dourado; Bresciani, Katia Denise Saraiva

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and intensity of Ancylostoma spp. in 33 dogs and 52 cats by means of coproparasitological examinations and parasitological necropsy, and assess the presence of contaminated feces with eggs of that parasite in public places of Andradina Municipality, São Paulo State, Brazil. Willis-Mollay and Sedimentation methods indicated Ancylostoma spp. eggs in 87.8% (29/33) dogs and 94.2% (49/52) cats. The species A. caninum and A. braziliense were found in 63.6% (21/33) and 30.3% (10/33) of dogs, respectively. Considering cats, 67.3% (35/52) were parasitized by A. braziliense, 21.1% (11/52) by A. caninum, and 9.6% (5/52) by A. tubaeforme. Forty-two canine fecal samples were collected from public environments, including 23 squares/gardens and 19 streets/sidewalks. Positive samples for Ancylostoma spp. accounted for 64.3% (27/42); squares/gardens had 60.9% (14/23) positive samples, and streets and sidewalks, 68.4% (13/19). No association was observed between the number of Ancylostoma spp parasites and age, sex and breed of the animals and also the ratio of EPG counts and the parasitic intensity observed at necropsy (p > 0.05). Based on the high occurrence of hookworm in dogs and cats in this study, the treatment with anti helminthics are needed even in those animals with negative stool tests, besides adopting control of the number of animals in public places, in order to decrease the likelihood of environmental contamination, since this parasite represents a potential hazard to human and animal health.

  3. Occurrence of Ancylostoma in dogs, cats and public places from Andradina city, São Paulo state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willian Marinho Dourado Coelho

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and intensity of Ancylostoma spp. in 33 dogs and 52 cats by means of coproparasitological examinations and parasitological necropsy, and assess the presence of contaminated feces with eggs of that parasite in public places of Andradina Municipality, São Paulo State, Brazil. Willis-Mollay and Sedimentation methods indicated Ancylostoma spp. eggs in 87.8% (29/33 dogs and 94.2% (49/52 cats. The species A. caninum and A. braziliense were found in 63.6% (21/33 and 30.3% (10/33 of dogs, respectively. Considering cats, 67.3% (35/52 were parasitized by A. braziliense, 21.1% (11/52 by A. caninum, and 9.6% (5/52 by A. tubaeforme. Forty-two canine fecal samples were collected from public environments, including 23 squares/gardens and 19 streets/sidewalks. Positive samples for Ancylostoma spp. accounted for 64.3% (27/42; squares/gardens had 60.9% (14/23 positive samples, and streets and sidewalks, 68.4% (13/19. No association was observed between the number of Ancylostoma spp parasites and age, sex and breed of the animals and also the ratio of EPG counts and the parasitic intensity observed at necropsy (p > 0.05. Based on the high occurrence of hookworm in dogs and cats in this study, the treatment with anti helminthics are needed even in those animals with negative stool tests, besides adopting control of the number of animals in public places, in order to decrease the likelihood of environmental contamination, since this parasite represents a potential hazard to human and animal health.

  4. Soft Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a project exploring sustainable ways of urban living. The project renders a scenario comprised of an array of simple conversions of existing urban spaces and buildings, in the attempt to tie strategies ranging from urban planning to interior design into a coherent vision...... of a sustainable future. The project is the result of a joint research study between Denmark and Japan. Taking as its example the city of Kyoto, the project investigates some possible strategies on how cities more generally may be transformed into liveable, healthy and ecologically sensible environments....

  5. Fun City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Once the blues guitarist B.B. King sang that when he "didn't wanna live no more", he would go shopping instead. Now, however, shopping has become a lifestyle... The city of today has become "Disneyfied" and "Tivolized". It has become a scene for events. The aim of the book is to encircle and pin...... down the consquences of these developments, to elocidate the interplay between funscapes and fear culture, and to account for the meaning of new concepts and new phenomena such as "event culture", "urban scenography", "experience economy","city branding" and "cultural planning"....

  6. Unhappy Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaeser, Edward L.; Gottlieb, Joshua D.; Ziv, Oren

    2016-01-01

    There are persistent differences in self-reported subjective well-being across US metropolitan areas, and residents of declining cities appear less happy than others. Yet some people continue to move to these areas, and newer residents appear to be as unhappy as longer-term residents. While historical data on happiness are limited, the available facts suggest that cities that are now declining were also unhappy in their more prosperous past. These facts support the view that individuals do not maximize happiness alone but include it in the utility function along with other arguments. People may trade off happiness against other competing objectives. PMID:27546979

  7. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    of providing a tangible correspondence between the two spaces. This interaction mean has proved to suit the artistic expression well but it also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from speech activity, a new medium for creativity and a way to visually perceive a vocal performance......The Flying Cities artistic installation brings to life imaginary cities made from the speech input of visitors. In this article we describe the original interactive process generating real time 3D graphics from spectators' vocal inputs. This example of cross-modal interaction has the nice property...

  8. Aplicação do teste de informação, memória e concentração (IMC ao estudo epidemiológico de demência senil em Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. S. B. Viana

    1991-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve por objetivo verificar a ocorrência de demência senil em amostra de pessoas de 65 e mais anos de idade residentes no Município de Fortaleza. Foram testados 865 idosos, a partir do teste de Informação, Memória e Concentração, IMC (teste de Hachinski, modificado, que aborda aspectos concernentes à identificação da pessoa, à memória de fatos atuais e remotos e à concentração, determinando os estados demenciais em função do número e grau de respostas numa seqüência programada e previamente testada quanto à sensibilidade e especificidade. Analisando-se os resultados quanto a idade, sexo e condição social, evidenciou-se uma prevalência de 8,4% de demência senil no conjunto geral, com diferença não-significativa na faixa de 75 e mais anos de idade (9,3%, comparada ao grupo de 65 a 74 anos (7,5%. Os percentuais foram semelhantes para homens e mulheres: 8,7% e 8,3%, respectivamente. Quanto à condição social, foi verificado um aumento progressivo nas proporções de estados demenciais, desde 4,2% para o estrato A/B (abastados, 6,9% para o grupo C (nível intermediário e 10,3% no nível D/E correspondente ao estrato de pessoas economicamente desprivilegiadas. Estes resultados, entretanto, deverão ser vistos com cena reserva, dado o grau de recusa por ocasião das entrevistas, especialmente nos estratros A/B (19,3% e D/E (9,3%.The objective of the present paper was to verify the occurrence of senile dementia in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil. A screening test, the Information, Memory and Concentration Test (IMC, was applied to 865 persons (65 years old and older. The Test includes questions on personal identification, recent and remote memory and concentration. Dementia was determined as a function of the total score obtained by the person in the test previously examined as far as sensitivity and specificity are concerned. The results were analysed according to age, sex and social strata. It was

  9. Prescription opioid related deaths in New York City: a 2 year retrospective analysis prior to the introduction of the New York State I-STOP law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sgarlato, Anthony; deRoux, Stephen J

    2015-09-01

    The United States is in the midst of an unprecedented drug epidemic. Illicit use of prescription medicine, predominantly opioids, has become one of the nation's fastest-growing drug problems. We have conducted a retrospective review of prescription opioid fatalities in New York City (NYC) prior to the introduction of a 2013 law intended to curtail prescription drug abuse. Over the 2 years of our study, there were 1286 chemical intoxication fatalities in NYC. Of these, 547 (42.5%) were associated with prescription opioids (6.5/100,000 population). Methadone was most frequently encountered followed by oxycodone. Only 36.7% of decedents had a valid opioid prescription. Of non-opioid medications associated with the prescription opiate deaths, benzodiazepines were the most frequently encountered (68.4%), and alprazolam (35.1%) was most common. Though prescribers have no control over drug diversion they should be cognizant of the urgent public health concern regarding prescription opioid abuse and associated fatalities and attempt to identify doctor shoppers and limit prescription of these potent drugs to those with a legitimate need for pain control. They also need to be aware of the high incidence of fatalities due to combined opioid and benzodiazepine use/abuse and refrain from prescribing them in tandem.

  10. Ectoparasitic species from Felis catus domesticus (Linnaeus, 1758 in João Pessoa city, Paraíba state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Rochelly Alves Ferreira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this research was to analyze the ectoparasitic species from domestic cats in João Pessoa city, Paraíba state, Brazil. A total of 432 cats of various breeds and ages, of both genders, were included. All animals were submitted to physical and parasitological examination through skin inspection and an otoscopic exam was realized. Parasites were collected in vials containing 70% alcohol for subsequent mounting and identifi cation according to specific keys. The results showed that 62.7% (271/432 of animals were parasitized by one or more species. The ectoparasitic species observed were Ctenocephalides felis (27.3%, Lynxacarus radovskyi (26.2%, Otodectes cynotis (17.4%, Felicola subrostratus (9.7%, Notoedres cati (2.1% and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (1.6%. The results showed that ectoparasites are a common and important skin disease in cats, and variables such breed, age, and sex did not show any influence on parasitism.

  11. Dental Caries Prevalence in the Children of the District of Mosqueiro in the City of Belém, State of Pará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Henrique Costa PINHEIRO

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The study had the objective to check the dental caries prevalence in the children attend by the communitarian agents of health of the Program Health of the Family of the District of Mosqueiro, City of Belém, State of Pará, Brazil, with the purpose of subsidizing the projection of the actions of promotion, prevention and treatment of the staff of oral health. Method: 887 children were examined in the age groups from 18 to 36 months, 5 years and 12 years of age in accordance with the standards recommended by the WHO, checking the events of the caries in the studied population. Results: The caries prevalence in the population of the district of Mosqueiro to 18-36 months of age was 31.68%, progressing in spite of passing the ages, brought near attacking 63.69% of the 12-year-old children. The decayed, to be extracted, filled index (DEF index to five years found in Mosqueiro went of 3.57 and the decayed, missing, filled index (DMF index to 12 years went of 1,80. Regarding the marks proposed by the World Health Organization for the year of 2000, the reached only one was in the age of 12-year-old children, in which the DMF index of 1,80 was less than three. Conclusion: The caries prevalence in the population of Mosqueiro is due to implement effective actions for the control of the disease in this territory.

  12. [Indicator of socio-environmental vulnerability in the Western Amazon. The case of the city of Porto Velho, State of Rondônia, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, Karen Dos Santos; Siqueira, Alexandre San Pedro; Castro, Hermano Albuquerque de; Hacon, Sandra de Souza

    2014-09-01

    The accelerated process of urbanization in the State of Amazônia associated with changes in the patterns of exploitation of natural resources have resulted in several types of environmental impacts, such as urban air pollution produced by forest fires which alters the relationship between urban and rural areas and establishes new vulnerabilities. The scope of this study is to analyze the socio-environmental vulnerability in relation to forest fires and health effects in the urban area of Porto Velho, located in the Brazilian Amazon region. Data was analyzed using a synthetic indicator combining income and education aspects, housing infrastructure, environmental exposure and health effects. The findings indicate that 51% of the resident population, i.e. around 157,000 inhabitants, is exposed to conditions of high and extreme environmental vulnerability. Analysis of the dimensions used to construct the synthetic indicator reveals an intense heterogeneity in terms of socio-environmental vulnerability in the urban area of the city of Porto Velho. These results highlight the need for integrated actions from different government departments in order to enhance health promotion, ecological sustainability and also reduce social inequalities in health.

  13. O "Ceará moleque" sobe aos palcos: cearensidade e os shows humorísticos de Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Secundo Silva Neto

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available A idéia de um “Ceará moleque”, desde os fins do século XIX, vem sendo gestada simbolicamente em narrativas ficcionais, relatos memorialísticos, revistas e jornais. Grosso modo, tal rótulo pressupõe que o “povo cearense” é irreverente e alegre por natureza. A partir de meados dos anos 1980, um grupo de artistas começou a fazer shows de humor, em bares e pizzarias nas noites da cidade de Fortaleza. Deste então, esses profissionais são tomados, principalmente pelos meios de comunicação locais, como mais uma forma de expressão de um “Ceará moleque” ou de uma “molecagem cearense”. Uma pergunta cabível é: que “molecagem” é essa que eles fazem? Para ajudar a responder tal questionamento, escolhi como campo de investigação o trabalho do humorista Eddi Lima, o qual figura hoje como um desses profissionais do humor no Ceará, cuja personagem é Madame Mastrogilda. Destarte, procuro de modo específico, por meio da observação do show humorístico de Madame Mastrogilda (Eddi Lima e de entrevistas com o humorista que a interpreta, descrever e explicar a maneira como este provoca o riso, como faz humor.

  14. Involvement of the central nervous system in dengue fever: three serologically confirmed cases from Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro F. C. VASCONCELOS

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Three cases of dengue fever involving the central nervous system (CNS are reported. All occurred in 1994 during a dengue (DEN epidemic caused by serotypes DEN-1 and DEN-2. The first case examined was a 17-year-old girl who complained of fever, nuchal rigidity and genital bleeding. Three blood samples were positive by anti-dengue IgM ELISA and showed hemagglutination-inhibition (HI test titers ³ 1,280. The second case concerned a 86-year-old woman with fever, muscle and joint pains, altered consciousness, syncope, nuchal rigidity and meningismus. Her blood sample showed an HI titer of 1:320 for flaviviruses, and an IgM ELISA positive for dengue. The third case was a 67-year-old woman with fever, abnormal behaviour, seizures, tremor of extremities, thrombocytopenia, increased hematocrit and leukopenia. The patient suffered a typical case of dengue hemorrhagic fever with ensuing shock and a fatal outcome. A single blood sample showed HI antibodies of ³ 1,280 and an IgM ELISA positive for dengue. No virus could be isolated from any patient by inoculation of blood into C6/36 cells and suckling mice. No other agent of disease was encountered in the patient.Neste trabalho são descritos três casos de dengue com manifestações neurológicas incomuns durante a epidemia de dengue em Fortaleza, Estado do Ceará, em 1994. Todos os pacientes eram do sexo feminino. A paciente do primeiro caso tinha 17 anos e apresentou além da síndrome febril, sinais de comprometimento meníngeo com rigidez de nuca, e sangramento genital. No segundo caso a paciente de 86 anos apresentou quadro febril, intensa dor muscular e articular, alterações da consciência, desmaio, rigidez de nuca e meningismo. A terceira, de 67 anos, teve um quadro inicial de síndrome febril, seguida de comportamento anormal, tremores de extremidades, trombocitopenia, hematócrito aumentado, leucopenia, hipotensão arterial e choque, evoluindo para o óbito. Amostras sangüíneas obtidas das

  15. Depression symptoms and cognitive-deficit in a population aged 60 years and older in a medium-sized city in São Paulo state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Evandro Marques Gomes

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: the world population is ageing, and Brazil follows this tendency, which requires the reorganization of society for care provision to older people. In such tendency, an increasing number of cases of depression and dementia is observed in addition to their association with other chronic-degenerative diseases. Objective: to estimate the prevalence of depression and cognitive-deficit symptoms in a population aged 60 years and older, residing in a middle-sized city in São Paulo state and to associate the population with other more prevalent chronic degenerative diseases. Methods: cross-sectional study on 364 older people using the following instruments: socio-demographic and morbidity, Mini Mental State Examination, Yesavage Scale, the Activities of Daily Living Scale, and the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL Scale. The following were performed: statistical analyses of the instruments’ score frequencies; presentation and summarization of the variables; and the possible associations between depression/dementia by applying the X2 test followed by fitting of a logistic regression model for ordinal data. Results: the suspected depression was found in 44% (160, and cognitive deficit was observed in 38.7% (141 aged. About 75% of the individuals with suspicion of depression or cognitive deficit had at least another chronic pathology. It was possible to establish statistically significant associations between suspected depression and IADL (p<0.0001; OR=7.59; CI=3.361-7.139 and cognitive deficit and IADL (p=0.0007; OR=3.967; CI=1.788-8.799. No associations were found between age, marital status, schooling, placement in the work market, retirement or income. Conclusion: male and female older individuals are vulnerable to diseases, such as depression and dementia. On the other hand, depression symptoms and cognitive deficit were associated with the score of compromised older individuals, according to IADL.

  16. Sin City?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gautier, Pieter A.; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen N.

    2007-01-01

    Is moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? We investigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners by moving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danish couples. We find that of the couples who married in the city

  17. Excite City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans; Jensen, Ole B.

    This paper takes its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun and cult...

  18. Vacant city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marzot, N.

    2013-01-01

    Abandoned places that the crisis has multiplied, unaware wrecks of a project of civilization that has consumed its thrust and life-giving function, are waiting for new desirable interpretations, they are an expression of a possible city in opposition to the existing, even if not recognized by any in

  19. Drone City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2016-01-01

    This paper address the phenomenon of drones and their potential relationship with the city from the point of view of the so-called “mobilities turn”. This is done in such a way that turns attention to a recent redevelopment of the “turn” towards design; so the emerging perspective of “mobilities...... design” will be used as a background perspective to reflect upon the future of drones in cities. The other perspective used to frame the phenomenon is the emerging discourse of the “smart city”. A city of proliferating digital information and data communication may be termed a smart city as shorthand...... on the block” that will potentially be a game-changer for urban governance, economics and everyday life. Here we are thinking of the unmanned aerial vehicle or drone as the popular term has it. Therefore, the paper asks how life in “drone city” may play out. Drones may alter the notion of surveillance by means...

  20. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    /assessment tool. The context for our study is urban regeneration in one Danish city, which had been suffering from industrial decline and which is currently investing in establishing a “sustainable city”. Based on this case study we explore how the insights and inspiration evoked in working with the tool...

  1. Meeting Report: Institute for Social Security and Services for State Workers (ISSSTE on Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia, Mexico City, Mexico, 3rd to 4th October 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarado Ibarra Martha

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available From October 3 to 4, 2016, the fourth meeting of haematologists who belonged to the institute for social security and services for state workers (ISSSTE was held, the meeting was held in Mexico City, Mexico. Attending this working meeting, medical fellows of the specialty of Haematology and Paediatric Haematology, as well as attached doctors of both specialties that work in different hospitals in Mexico City and the rest of the country, the purpose of the attendees to this consensus was discuss, update, and homogenize the protocols of diagnostic and therapeutic approach in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia of all ages. All participants appreciated the opportunity to participate in one of the most important cooperation projects of the ISSSTE and to be able to offer updated treatment protocols to this population or, failing that, to send them a Medical Center that can provide hospital care as soon as possible. Physicians took advantage of this meeting for the scientific exchange, the discussion on projects in course and were planned the development of other consensuses being the closest the one of lymphomas. As in the previous consensuses that were published in a National magazine. The coordinator of this project raised to the attendees the possibility of a publication in magazines of greater prestige international since in countries like Mexico the cooperative work is not frequent and the group of haematologists belonging to ISSSTE are working towards this goal. This consensus was considered as a very well-organized platform to support the research of young fellows in the specialty to stimulate the team work in protocols of the different haematological pathologies and to inform the world the results achieved in a population of patients attended by the ISSSTE. In agreement with the main objective of this consensus on acute lymphoblastic leukaemia once finished and discussed throughout the haematological group, the coordinator for the

  2. Uso de los Mapas de Proyectos-Productos para Identificar la Relación entre las Áreas de Fortaleza y de Competencia en un Centro de l&DT

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    A semejanza de los seres vivos toda organización evoluciona; sin embargo, en el caso de las organizaciones complejas su evolución no es natural sino que debe ser dirigida a través de un proceso permanente de administración estratégica. De esta manera, la evolución dirigida determina las áreas de fortaleza y de competencia de la misma. Entender la relación entre las áreas de fortaleza y de competencia en organizaciones tan complejas como los institutos y centros de investigación y desarrollo t...

  3. Análisis comparativo de la fortaleza en padres de hijos con discapacidad en función de la tipología y la etapa en la que se adquiere la discapacidad

    OpenAIRE

    Suriá Martínez, Raquel

    2013-01-01

    Desde hace algunos años, el concepto de fortaleza está cobrando interés en los programas de apoyo dirigidos a los padres cuidadores de los hijos con discapacidad. Esta capacidad implica la posesión de múltiples habilidades que ayudan a las personas a afrontar la adversidad, por lo que, el desarrollo de esta capacidad puede ser prioritario para aprender a enfrentarse a un futuro con multitud de barreras. El estudio analiza la fortaleza de un grupo de padres de hijos con discapacidad en función...

  4. Avaliação da qualidade de amostras comerciais de leite de janaguba (Himatanthus drasticus (Mart. Plumel em Fortaleza – Ceará

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.P. SOARES

    Full Text Available RESUMO Os fitoterápicos à base de leite de janaguba (Himatanthus drasticus (Mart. Plumel, usados para o tratamento de câncer, úlcera gástrica e outras doenças, são muito vendidos em mercados públicos de Fortaleza (CE. No entanto, registros mencionam que é comum a troca deste leite por látex de mangabeira (Hancornia speciosa Gomes. O trabalho objetivou avaliar a qualidade físico-química, química e microbiológica de amostras comerciais do leite de janaguba. Dez amostras comerciais foram adquiridas de um mercado de Fortaleza; quatro amostras autênticas de látex de janaguba foram obtidas da chapada do Araripe e uma amostra de látex de mangabeira foi obtida em Paracuru (CE. Foram determinados o aspecto geral, densidade, pH, resíduo seco, volume de sedimentação, perfil cromatográfico e qualidade microbiológica das amostras. Os resultados mostraram elevada contaminação microbiológica nas preparações comerciais e adulteração em seis destas amostras, o que aponta a urgente implantação de uma efetiva farmacovigilância dos fitoterápicos a fim de tornar seu consumo mais seguro e racional.

  5. Helmintos parasitos das espécies Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier e Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill do litoral cearense: Contracaecum fortalezae sp. n. (Nematoda, Ascaridoidea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Lucia M. Klein

    1973-01-01

    Full Text Available De nematódeos encontrados parasitando estômago, intestinos delgado e grosso de Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuv. e Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitch. o autor propões para o gênero Contracaecum Railliet et Henry, 1912 uma nova espécie, C. fortalezae sp. n., que mais se aproxima de C. clavatum (Rud., 1809 Baylis, 1920 dela se diferenciando por possuir espículos desiguais, um curto ovejetor, útero opistodelfo, ovos menores e por apresentar em todos exemplares estudados ceco intestinal curto e ceco esofagiano longo.In this paper the author proposes a new species of the genus Contracaecum Railliet et Henry, 1912. Of the species under Contracaecum, Contracaecum clavatum (Rudolphi, 1809 Baylis, 1920 is the nearest to Contracaecum fortalezae sp. n. differing from the latter by the following aspects: The males have unequal spicules. The females have a short ovijector and parallel uteri directed backward and the eggs are smaller. In both sexes the intestinal cecum is always short and the ventricular posterior appendix is always long, while Contracaecum clavatum presents these structures in an inverse way, considering the lenght of them. Besides, the thorn-like formations at the posterior end of the body are different.

  6. Espaço Público e Shopping Center na Cidade Contemporânea: Novos Significados do North Shopping em Fortaleza - CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Estevam Gonçalves

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Iniciar uma reflexão acerca da cidade atual nos remete à necessidade de construirmos uma análise sobre os shopping centers como espaços que tem atraído um fluxo considerável da população, ocasionando mudanças na relação dos citadinos com os espaços públicos. Nesta perspectiva, temos como objetivo analisar o North Shopping, localizado na cidade de Fortaleza, como um espaço de uso popular onde as camadas de menor poder aquisitivo podem adentrar e usufruir de seus atributos. Imbuídos de tal finalidade nosso aporte teórico fundamentou-se em Pintaudi (1992, Dantas (1995, Silva (1996 Lefebvre (1999, Carlos (2001, Gomes (2002 e Serpa (2007. Conclui-se que na cidade de Fortaleza, o North Shopping é um verdadeiro simulacro da realidade, substituindo as experiências cotidianas dos espaços públicos, configurando-se, assim, a supervalorização do espaço privado que se traveste de público tendo repercussões na nova urbanidade fortalezense.

  7. IVyF: Validez de un Instrumento de Medida de las Fortalezas del Carácter de la Clasificación de Peterson y Seligman (2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Cesar Cosentino

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El IVyF (Strength of Character Inventory, en inglés es un instrumento de medición de las 24 fortalezas del carácter de la clasificación de Peterson y Seligman (2004. A diferencia de otros cuestionarios homólogos para medir las fortalezas de esa clasificación que están compuestos por decenas de ítems, el IVyF es un instrumento de medición de 24 ítems. Este estudio se enfocó en la validez del IVyF. En primer lugar, el IVyF estuvo asociado a medidas de variables conceptualmente relevantes como satisfacción con la vida, los factores de personalidad del modelo de los Cinco Grandes, y deseabilidad social. En segundo lugar, se hallaron asociaciones con tamaños del efecto mayores a mediano entre autopuntuación y puntuación realizada por un observador. Los resultados de esta investigación han sido similares a los obtenidos con cuestionarios homólogos. Se concluye que el IVyF presenta no solo adecuada confiabilidad, sino también adecuada validez.

  8. Influence of exposure differences on city-to-city heterogeneity ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Multi-city population-based epidemiological studies have observed heterogeneity between city-specific fine particulate matter (PM2.5)-mortality effect estimates. These studies typically use ambient monitoring data as a surrogate for exposure leading to potential exposure misclassification. The level of exposure misclassification can differ by city affecting the observed health effect estimate. The objective of this analysis is to evaluate whether previously developed residential infiltration-based city clusters can explain city-to-city heterogeneity in PM2.5 mortality risk estimates. In a prior paper 94 cities were clustered based on residential infiltration factors (e.g. home age/size, prevalence of air conditioning (AC)), resulting in 5 clusters. For this analysis, the association between PM2.5 and all-cause mortality was first determined in 77 cities across the United States for 2001–2005. Next, a second stage analysis was conducted evaluating the influence of cluster assignment on heterogeneity in the risk estimates. Associations between a 2-day (lag 0–1 days) moving average of PM2.5 concentrations and non-accidental mortality were determined for each city. Estimated effects ranged from −3.2 to 5.1% with a pooled estimate of 0.33% (95% CI: 0.13, 0.53) increase in mortality per 10 μg/m3 increase in PM2.5. The second stage analysis determined that cluster assignment was marginally significant in explaining the city-to-city heterogeneity. The health effe

  9. Determination of environmental radioactivity (238U, 232Th and 40K) and indoor natural background radiation level in Chennai city (Tamilnadu State), India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babai, K S; Poongothai, S; Punniyakotti, J

    2013-01-01

    An extensive study on the determination of the natural radioactivity ((238)U, (232)Th and (40)K) levels in soil samples of Chennai city, India has been undertaken and the results of the same are compared with the levels reported in other Indian cities as well as other parts of the world. The radioactivity content in the soil samples, the absorbed dose rate, annual effective dose equivalent, radium equivalent activity, internal and external hazard indices were calculated and compared with UNSCEAR 2000 recommended values. In addition to the above, mapping of indoor natural background gamma radiation levels has been made using thermo luminescent dosemeters throughout Chennai city and the same are reported.

  10. City-States of Science

    CERN Multimedia

    Perricone, Mike

    2005-01-01

    Tomorrow's particle physics experiments are redrawing the map for scientific collaboration. Although the field has long been accustomed to large groups of scientists, life in the new CERN collaborations will surely be different (3 pages)

  11. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    Judging from the number of communities and cities striving or claiming to be sustainable and how often eco-development is invoked as the means for urban regeneration, it appears that sustainable and eco-development have become “the leading paradigm within urban development” (Whitehead 2003......), urban design competitions are understudied mechanisms for bringing about field level changes. Drawing on actor network theory, this paper examines how urban design competitions may bring about changes within the professional field through the use of intermediaries such as a sustainable planning....../assessment tool. The context for our study is urban regeneration in one Danish city, which had been suffering from industrial decline and which is currently investing in establishing a “sustainable city”. Based on this case study we explore how the insights and inspiration evoked in working with the tool...

  12. Sharing City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This magazine offers an insight into the growing commercial innovation, civic movements, and political narratives surrounding sharing economy services, solutions and organisational types. It presents a cross-section of the manifold sharing economy services and solutions that can be found in Denmark....... Solutions of sharing that seeks to improve our cities and local communities in both urban and rural environments. 24 sharing economy organisations and businesses addressing urban and rural issues are being portrayed and seven Danish municipalities that have explored the potentials of sharing economy....... Moreover, 15 thought leading experts - professionals and academic - have been invited to give their perspective on sharing economy for cities. This magazine touches upon aspects of the sharing economy as mobility, communities, sustainability, business development, mobility, and urban-rural relation....

  13. Metropolitanization and Forest Recovery in Southern Brazil: a Multiscale Analysis of the Florianópolis City-Region, Santa Catarina State, 1970 to 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra R. Baptista

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Within the contexts of globalization and the Atlantic Forest ecoregion, I present a multiscale analysis of anthropogenic landscape dynamics in the Florianópolis city-region, Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Drawing on field research conducted between 2000 and 2004 and a review of the literature, I examined Brazilian demographic and agricultural census data for the period of 1970 to 1995-1996. I hypothesized that economic restructuring, new institutional arrangements, and the valuation of environmental amenities and ecosystem services have contributed to forest recovery trends and thus a forest transition in the city-region. My results indicate that along with rapid urbanization, in-migration, socioeconomic polarization, and segregation, the city-region has experienced the contraction of private agricultural land area, expansion of protected areas, recovery of forests, and conversion of coastal plain ecosystems to built environments. Future analyses of forest transition dynamics should consider the spatial configurations of socioeconomic inequality in city-regions.

  14. Practicing the Generic (City)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone Koefoed

    2010-01-01

    Flanagan proposes that most locative media artworks neglect the particularities of spaces, their historical and political layers. Koolhaas, on the other hand, states that all urban areas are alike, that we are facing a global Generic City. The paper analyses digital media artist Esther Polak......’s NomadicMILK project in light of the generic and particular properties of space as laid out by Flanagan and Koolhaas in order to discuss the possible reconfiguring practices of locative media....

  15. Implantação do Programa Saúde na escola em Fortaleza-CE: atuação de equipe da Estratégia Saúde da Família Implantación del Programa de Salud Escolar en Fortaleza-CE: desempeño de equipo de la Estrategia Salud de la Familia School Health Program implementation in Fortaleza-CE: performance of the Family Health Strategy staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindelvania Matias de Santiago

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho relata a experiência da implantação do Programa Saúde na Escola (PSE por uma equipe da Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF em uma escola pública em Fortaleza-CE. As atividades desenvolvidas incluíram seminário de implantação do PSE com os docentes e integrantes da ESF, oficinas com os estudantes, avaliação clinica e odontológica dos adolescentes e entrega de Cadernetas de Saúde do Adolescente. A implantação do PSE permitiu aos profissionais de saúde a percepção do seu papel social de educador e possibilitou aos adolescentes maior contato com a equipe da ESF. A aproximação entre escola e ESF é fundamental para ajudar os adolescentes a transformarem a informação científica em comportamentos saudáveis.Este artículo relata la experiencia de implementación del Programa de Salud Escolar (PSE por un equipo de la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia (ESF en una escuela pública en Fortaleza-CE, Brasil. Las actividades incluyeron seminario de despliegue del PSE con los maestros y los miembros de la ESF, talleres con los estudiantes, la evaluación clínica y dental de los adolescentes y la entrega de folletos de Salud del Adolescente. La aplicación del PSE permitió a los profesionales de salud a darse cuenta de su papel social como educadores y permitió a los adolescentes un mayor contacto con el personal de la ESF. El acercamiento entre la escuela y el FSE es crucial para ayudar a los adolescentes a transformar el conocimiento científico en comportamientos saludables.This work reports the experience of implementation of the School Health Program (PSE by a team from the Family Health Strategy (FHS in a public school in Fortaleza-CE , Brazil. The activities included conference about the deployment of the PSE with teachers and members of the FHS, workshops with students, clinical and dental assessment for adolescents and delivery of Booklets of Adolescent Health. The implementation of the PSE allowed health

  16. Clinical and epidemiological aspects of human parvovirus B19 infection in an urban area in Brazil (Niterói city area, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Artimos de Oliveira

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to analyse the clinical and epidemiological data from human parvovirus B19 cases in a six-year study of rash diseases conduct in an urban area in Brazil (Niterói city area, State of Rio de Janeiro. A total of 673 patients with acute rash diseases were seen at two primary health care units and at a general hospital. A clotted blood sample was collected from all subjects at the time of consultation. Forty-nine per cent (330 cases of the patients were negative for dengue, rubella and measles IgM or for low avidity IgG to HHV-6. Of these 330, 105 (31.8% were identified as IgM positive to parvovirus B19 by using an antibody capture EIA. During the study period, three distinct peaks of parvovirus infection were detected, suggesting that the disease appears to cycle in approximately 4-5 years. B19 infection was characterized by variable combinations of fever, flu-like symptoms, arthropathy, and gastrointestinal symptoms. Frequency of fever and arthropathy was substantially higher in adults, 75% [chi2 (1 D.F. = 11.39, p = 0.0007] and 62.5% [chi2 (1 D.F. = 29.89, p = 0.0000], respectively. "Slapped-cheek" appearance and reticular or lace-like rash were seen in only 30.1% of the children. No adult presented this typical rash. The lack of the typical rash pattern in a large proportion of parvovirus B19 and the similarity of clinical manifestations to other rash diseases, specially to rubella, highlight the difficulty of diagnosing B19 infection on clinical grounds alone.

  17. Analysis of marine bivalve shellfish from the fish market in Santos city, São Paulo state, Brazil, for Toxoplasma gondii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmerini, Patrícia O; Gennari, Solange M; Pena, Hilda F J

    2010-05-28

    The aim of this study was to determine if Toxoplasma gondii are present in oysters (Crassostrea rhizophorae) and mussels (Mytella guyanensis) under natural conditions using a bioassay in mice and molecular detection methods. We first compared two standard protocols for DNA extraction, phenol-chloroform (PC) and guanidine-thiocyanate (GT), for both molluscs. A total of 300 oysters and 300 mussels were then acquired from the fish market in Santos city, São Paulo state, Brazil, between March and August of 2008 and divided into 60 groups of 5 oysters and 20 groups of 15 mussels. To isolate the parasite, five mice were orally inoculated with sieved tissue homogenates from each group of oysters or mussels. For molecular detection of T. gondii, DNA from mussels was extracted using the PC method and DNA from oysters was extracted using the GT method. A nested-PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) based on the amplification of a 155 bp fragment from the B1 gene of T. gondii was then performed. Eleven PCR-RFLP (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) markers, SAG1, SAG2, SAG3, BTUB, GRA6, c22-8, c29-2, L358, PK1, CS3 and Apico, were used to genotype positive samples. There was no isolation of the parasite by bioassay in mice. T. gondii was not detected in any of the groups of mussels by nested-PCR. DNA of T. gondii was apparently detected by nested-PCR in 2 groups of oysters (3.3%). Genotyping of these two positive samples was not successful. The results suggest that oysters of the species C. rhizophorae, the most common species from the coast of São Paulo, can filter and retain T. gondii oocysts from the marine environment. Ingestion of raw oysters as a potential transmission source of T. gondii to humans and marine mammals should be further investigated. (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Eimeria species in young and adult sheep raised under intensive and / or semi-intensive systems of a herd from Umuarama city, Parana State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Welber Daniel Zanetti Lopes

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to identify Eimeria species in young and adult sheep raised under intensive and / or semi-intensive systems of a herd from Umuarama city, Parana State, Brazil using the traditional diagnostic methods and to correlate the infection level/types of infection in the different age/system in this herd. Fecal samples were collected from the rectum of 210 sheep and were subjected to laboratory analysis to differentiate the species. Furthermore, animals were observed to determine the occurrences of the clinical or subclinical forms of eimeriosis. Out of the 210 collected fecal samples, 147 (70% were positive for Eimeria oocysts, and 101 (47.86% belonged to young animals that were raised under intensive and / or semi-intensive farming systems. Oocysts from 9 species of Eimeria parasites were identified in the sheep at the following prevalence rates: E. crandallis, 50.0%; E. parva, 21.6%; E. faurei, 8.1%; E. ahsata, 8.1%; E. intricata, 5.4%; E. granulosa , 2.7%; E. ovinoidalis , 2.0%; E. ovina , 1.3%; and E. bakuensis , 0.6%. There were no differences regarding the more frequent Eimeria species among the different ages of animals or between the different farming management systems. Based on these data, E. crandallis was the most prevalent, followed by E. parva and E. faurei species, regardless of the age. Higher parasitism was diagnosed in the young animals that were raised in a confinement regime, and the disease found in the herd was classified as subclinical. Further studies should be conducted in this herd, to verify if the eimeriosis subclinical can cause damage especially in young animals with a high level of infection.

  19. Smart cities of the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batty, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Giannotti, F.; Pozdnoukhov, A.; Bazzani, A.; Wachowicz, M.; Ouzounis, G.; Portugali, Y.

    2012-11-01

    Here we sketch the rudiments of what constitutes a smart city which we define as a city in which ICT is merged with traditional infrastructures, coordinated and integrated using new digital technologies. We first sketch our vision defining seven goals which concern: developing a new understanding of urban problems; effective and feasible ways to coordinate urban technologies; models and methods for using urban data across spatial and temporal scales; developing new technologies for communication and dissemination; developing new forms of urban governance and organisation; defining critical problems relating to cities, transport, and energy; and identifying risk, uncertainty, and hazards in the smart city. To this, we add six research challenges: to relate the infrastructure of smart cities to their operational functioning and planning through management, control and optimisation; to explore the notion of the city as a laboratory for innovation; to provide portfolios of urban simulation which inform future designs; to develop technologies that ensure equity, fairness and realise a better quality of city life; to develop technologies that ensure informed participation and create shared knowledge for democratic city governance; and to ensure greater and more effective mobility and access to opportunities for urban populations. We begin by defining the state of the art, explaining the science of smart cities. We define six scenarios based on new cities badging themselves as smart, older cities regenerating themselves as smart, the development of science parks, tech cities, and technopoles focused on high technologies, the development of urban services using contemporary ICT, the use of ICT to develop new urban intelligence functions, and the development of online and mobile forms of participation. Seven project areas are then proposed: Integrated Databases for the Smart City, Sensing, Networking and the Impact of New Social Media, Modelling Network Performance

  20. 2 x 230 kV transmission line Banabuiu/Fortaleza; a Brazilian reality in the natural power increase with conductors bundle expansion; LT 2 x 230 kV Banabuiu/Fortaleza; uma realidade brasileira no aumento da potencia natural com a expansao do feixe de condutores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira e Silva, Romero de; Lacerda, Lenildo J.B.; L. Filho, Maviael Xavier [Companhia Hidroeletrica do Sao Francisco (CHESF), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Projeto e Construcao de Linhas de Transmissao

    1997-12-31

    This paper presents the adapted design criteria, the performed construction aspects and the operational performance obtained with the bundle expansion applied in the 2 x 230 kV TL Banabuiu/Fortaleza. The basic project conception was supported by the principles developed for the High Surge Impedance Loading Lines (HSIL), which natural capacity improvements, for the electrical system are found with the electrical parameters changes, yielded by the conductor cables geometry modify. As a pioneer apply and technological adequacy unpublished in the world, the matter has raised great interest in the technical, scientific and business community. (author) 3 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  1. Análise socioambiental da área do lixão do Jangurussu (Fortaleza-CE) e os impactos na comunidade do entorno

    OpenAIRE

    Lima, Cláudio Ricardo Gomes de [UNESP

    2013-01-01

    A presente pesquisa trata da análise socioambiental da área do entorno do lixão do Jangurussu em Fortaleza, destacando os principais impactos provocados pela presença do referido lixão nas águas superficiais e subterrâneas e analisando o modo como isto afeta a população de cerca de 500 casas existentes nas proximidades, do ponto de vista das doenças de veiculação hídrica e das provocadas pelos vetores presentes no lixo. O trabalho aborda ainda os aspectos socioeconômicos desta população, most...

  2. A arborização alienígena de Fortaleza (nordeste do Brasil): observações qualitativas e um levantamento em dois bairros

    OpenAIRE

    Marcelo Freire Moro; Christian Westerkamp

    2011-01-01

    A arborização tem um papel importante nas cidades. Ela fornece sombra, traz bem-estar aos seres humanos e dá suporte para a fauna urbana. Mas o cultivo de plantas alienígenas também pode ser uma via de disseminação de espécies exóticas. A arborização da cidade de Fortaleza, estado do Ceará, foi avaliada. Este trabalho se baseou em observações qualitativas da arborização da cidade de 2005 até 2009 e no inventário da arborização de dois bairros em 2006. Estes, juntos, possuíam 2.075 árvores ou ...

  3. Análise de exames preventivos de uma unidade básica de saúde da periferia e Fortaleza no ano de 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, Nubia Melo Aragao

    2009-01-01

    O exame citopatológico além de identificar neoplasias, detecta afecções ginecológicas caso não tratadas poderá prejudicar a saúde da mulher. O objetivo geral do estudo é avaliar o resultados de exames citopatológos para fins preventivos em mulheres em uma Unidade Básica de Saúde da periferia de Fortaleza no ano de 2007. E os objetivos específicos são: caracterizar frente à faixa etária a ocorrência de afecções ginecológicas detectadas no citopatológico, verificar a ocorrência de afecções gine...

  4. State of the Art, Trends and Future of Bluetooth Low Energy, Near Field Communication and Visible Light Communication in the Development of Smart Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerruela García, Gonzalo; Luque Ruiz, Irene; Gómez-Nieto, Miguel Ángel

    2016-01-01

    The current social impact of new technologies has produced major changes in all areas of society, creating the concept of a smart city supported by an electronic infrastructure, telecommunications and information technology. This paper presents a review of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), Near Field Communication (NFC) and Visible Light Communication (VLC) and their use and influence within different areas of the development of the smart city. The document also presents a review of Big Data Solutions for the management of information and the extraction of knowledge in an environment where things are connected by an “Internet of Things” (IoT) network. Lastly, we present how these technologies can be combined together to benefit the development of the smart city. PMID:27886087

  5. State of the Art, Trends and Future of Bluetooth Low Energy, Near Field Communication and Visible Light Communication in the Development of Smart Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerruela García, Gonzalo; Luque Ruiz, Irene; Gómez-Nieto, Miguel Ángel

    2016-11-23

    The current social impact of new technologies has produced major changes in all areas of society, creating the concept of a smart city supported by an electronic infrastructure, telecommunications and information technology. This paper presents a review of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), Near Field Communication (NFC) and Visible Light Communication (VLC) and their use and influence within different areas of the development of the smart city. The document also presents a review of Big Data Solutions for the management of information and the extraction of knowledge in an environment where things are connected by an "Internet of Things" (IoT) network. Lastly, we present how these technologies can be combined together to benefit the development of the smart city.

  6. PRODUÇÃO DO ESPAÇO URBANO: NORTH SHOPPING NA DINÂMICA DE NOVAS CENTRALIDADES EM FORTALEZA- CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Estevam Gonçalves

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo analisar a formação das novas centralidades em Fortaleza e sua relação com os shopping centers, tendo como shopping em destaque: North Shopping (inaugurado em 1991, localizado na avenida Bezerra de Menezes . No campo metodológico, realizaram-se levantamentos bibliográficos sobre a formação novas centralidades, o processo de produção do espaço urbano fortalezense incentivado pelo setor terciário e shopping center que contribuíram para o entendimento da transformação da cidade, além disso, realizamos visitamos e entrevistas no Norh Shopping. Uma das primeiras áreas centrais a se desenvolver além do Centro tradicional foi a da Aldeota incentivada pelo Center Um (instalado em 1974, na avenida Santos Dumont. Desde a formação das primeiras novas centralidades até o período atual sempre existiu uma relação intrínseca entre estas com os shoppings. Estes equipamentos modernos (shoppings aparecem com novos espaços de consumo ou novos consumos de espaço que cria e recria novas formas para atrair as pessoas ao consumo, considerando o consumir como signo de felicidade. Nesta perspectiva podemos afirmar que as atividades terciárias e os equipamentos modernos de consumo atuam no crescimento e na organização do espaço urbano, assim geram uma dinâmica comercial em Fortaleza.

  7. PERFIL GINECO-OBSTÉTRICO E REALIZAÇÃO DO EXAME DE PREVENÇÃO POR PROSTITUTAS DE FORTALEZA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANA IZABEL OLIVEIRA NICOLAU

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo cuyo objetivo fue identificar el perfil ginecológico y obstétrico de prostitutas de Fortaleza-CE. Fueron entrevistadas 81 prostitutas del centro de Fortaleza, a través de un formulario de entrevista estructurado con cuestiones sobre su historia sexual y obstétrica, en octubre de 2005. Los datos fueron tabulados en el programa estadístico SPSS, versión 11.0 y analizados de acuerdo con la literatura, disponibles a través de las tablillas estadísticas. Se verificó iniciación sexual precoz, entre 13 y 15 años. La edad del primer ciclo menstrual coincidió con el inicio de la vida sexual en el 46,9% de la muestra. Se pudo observar que el 95,1% de las mujeres ya habían estado embarazadas y el 49,4% habían hecho aborto; el 95,1% habían realizado el examen de prevención de cáncer de cuello del útero, siendo que el 51,9% lo había realizado hacía menos de un año. Se concluyó que las prostitutas presentaron características ginecológicas y obstétricas preocupantes en lo que concierne a las DST/SIDA, el cáncer de cuello de útero y de mama, a pesar de confirmar acceso a los servicios de salud.

  8. Pilot survey of oral health-related quality of life: a cross-sectional study of adults in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lugo R Iván

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Oral health studies conducted so far in Nigeria have documented prevalence and incidence of dental disease using traditional clinical measures. However none have investigated the use of an oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL instrument to document oral health outcomes. The aims of this study are: to describe how oral health affects and impacts quality of life (QoL and to explore the association between these affects and the oral health care seeking behavior of adults in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Methods A cross-sectional survey recruited 356 adults aged 18–64 years from two large hospital outpatient departments and from members of a university community. Closed-ended oral health questionnaire with "effect and impact" item-questions from OHQoL-UK© instrument was administered by trained interviewers. Collected data included sociodemographic, dental visits, and effects and impact of oral health on QoL. Univariate and bivariable analyses were done and a chi-square test was used to test differences in proportions. Multivariable analyses using ANOVA examined the association between QoL factors and visits to a dentist. Results Complete data was available for 83% of the participants. About 62% of participants perceived their oral health as affecting their QoL. Overall, 82%, 63%, and 77% of participants perceived that oral health has an effect on their eating or enjoyment of food, sleep or ability to relax, and smiling or laughing, respectively. Some 46%, 36%, and 25% of participants reported that oral health impact their daily activities, social activities, and talking to people, respectively. Dental visits within the last year was significantly associated with eating, speech, and finance (P F = 0.0111. The mean of effects sum score for those with secondary/tertiary education levels (mean = 61.8; 95% CI: 60.6, 62.9 was significantly higher than those with less than secondary level of education (mean = 57.2; 95% CI

  9. Enteroparasitas em alfaces (Lactuca sativa comercializadas na cidade de Guarapuava (PR / Enteroparasites on commercial lettuce (Lactuca sativa in Guarapuava City, Paraná State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Cristina Osaki

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available O consumo de hortaliças cruas constitui importante meio de transmissão de enteroparasitoses. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a contaminação parasitária em alfaces (Lactuca sativa comercializadas na cidade de Guarapuava (PR. No período de julho/2005 a junho/2006, 52 supermercados foram visitados, com colheita de um pé de alface. A análise parasitológica foi realizada após duas lavagens, filtragem em gaze e sedimentação. O sedimento, corado pelo lugol, foi analisado microscopicamente por exame direto e após centrífugo-flutuação em sulfato de zinco. Das 52 amostras de alface avaliadas, 18 (34,6% apresentaram uma ou mais estruturas parasitárias como cistos de Giardia spp. (7,7%, de Entamoeba spp. (11,5% e de Balantidium coli (3,8%, oocistos de coccídios (7,7% e ovos de Capillaria spp. (3,8%. Esse alto número de amostras contaminadas aponta deficiências na cadeia produtiva dessas hortaliças, indicando a necessidade de adequada higienização antes de seu consumo. AbstractThe ingestion of raw vegetables is an important mode of enteroparasites transmission. The aim of this study was to evaluate the parasitological contamination of lettuce (Lactuca sativa commercialized in Guarapuava City, Parana State. Fifty-two samples of lettuce were collected from supermarkets during the period of July 2005 and June 2006. Parasitological analysis was realized by the sedimentation technique. Lugol-stained sediments were microscopically analyzed by direct exam and after centrifugation-fluctuation in zinc sulfate. A total of 18 out of 52 lettuce samples analyzed (34.6% were positive for one or more parasitic structures. The parasites found in the analysis were Giardia spp. (7.7%, Entamoeba spp. (11.5%, Balantidium coli (3.8%, coccidian oocysts (7.7% and Capillaria spp. eggs (3.8%. Such high occurrence of contaminated samples revealed deficiencies in the chain of lettuce cultivation, which suggests a need for improvement in the current

  10. Partnership Opportunities In Earth System Science Education Between Historically Black and Historically White Universities: Elizabeth City State University and the University of New Hampshire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, J. E.; Hayden, L. B.; Wake, C. P.; Varner, R. K.; Graham, K.; Rock, B. N.; Hale, S.; Hurtt, G. C.; Porter, W.; Blackmon, R.; Bryce, J. G.; Branch, B. D.; Johnson, J. E.

    2009-12-01

    Federal efforts to promote the participation of underrepresented students in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics disciplines (STEM) in higher education have been in effect over several decades. The Science and Engineering Equal Opportunities Act of 1980 aimed to create equal opportunity in the STEM disciplines by promoting and broadening the participation of underrepresented talent in science and engineering. Since that time, federal agencies such as the National Science Foundation, NOAA and NASA, scientific organizations such as the American Geophysical Union, and other organizations such as the Educational Testing Service have created programs, diversity plans and cutting edge reports designed to further explicate the need to broaden the participation of underrepresented student talent in these disciplines. Despite increases in the degrees awarded to underrepresented students in the STEM disciplines, enhancing diversity in these disciplines continues to remain a significant challenge. This paper describes a strategic approach to this challenge via the development of a collaborative partnership model between two universities: the historically black Elizabeth City State University (ESCU) and the historically white University of New Hampshire (UNH). The alliance, built on a mutually-agreed upon set of partnership principles, strives to enhance opportunities for underrepresented students to pursue careers in STEM disciplines, specifically those in Earth system science and remote sensing. In examining the partnership, six promising practices that help advance its success come to the forefront. These practices include institutional commitment and faculty engagement, mutual respect and shared time commitment, identifying engaged leadership, engaging critical change agents, initiating difficult dialogues, and preparing for growth and evolution. Outcomes of the partnership to date include the successful submission and funding of four collaborative

  11. Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

  12. Branding Cities, Changing Societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Societal changes are seldom discussed in the literature on city branding. The time element is important because it highlights the fluctuating reality of society. The city brand message freezes the place but in fact, the city branding exercise is a continuous process. Society emerges too. City...... brands are supposed to accentuate the uniqueness of the city, be built from the bottom-up and reflect the city's identity. This paper highlights three paradoxes, pointing out that city branding processes can also make cities more alike, bring about societal changes and forge new city identities. A city...... branding campaign does not just present the city, it may change the city. The relationships between the branding exercise and the city are intertwined in the evolution of the place....

  13. Continued urbanization of the United States is causing the deterioration of the central city; costly suburban developments; and increases in congestion, pollution, crime, violence and alienation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    It is shown that urban sprawl and the abuses of technological industries result in substantial environmental and economic costs at the expense of center city locations and populations. Socioeconomic deterioration and modification of the biosphere triggers climatic and environmental changes leading to ecosystem damage and destruction, health consequences and international conflict.

  14. Levantamento etnobotânico de plantas medicinais na cidade de Ipameri - GO Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in Ipameri City - Goiás State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Zucchi

    2013-01-01

    of these plants; and to diagnose the gender profile and the age and wage ranges of users. Thus, structured interviews were conducted with 200 families in the city and plants were collected for their correct identification. The material was herborized, identified and deposited in the Herbarium of "Universidade Estadual de Goiás" (HUEG. Of the 200 families interviewed, 75 said they did not make use of plants for medicinal purposes (37.5%, while 125 said they do use them (62.5%. The latter group reported the 35 most used species: "hortelã-rasteira" (Mentha x villosa L., "boldo-sete-dores" (Plectranthus barbatus Andrews., lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC. Stapf., "quebra-pedra" (Phyllanthus niruri L., chamomile (Chamomilla recutita (L. Rauschert., pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L., guaco (Mikania glomerata Spreng., mentrasto (Ageratum conyzoides L., clove basil (Ocimum gratissimum L., wormwood (Artemisia canphorata Vill., balm (Eysenhardtia platycarpa Mich., broom (Baccharis trimera (Less. DC., fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill., aloe (Aloe vera L. and mallow (Althaea officinalis L.. All consumer families (100% stated to prefer plants grown organically, to select the plants based on their good appearance (68% families and to eat them in natura (unprocessed, 100%. The use of medicinal plants in Ipameri is independent of gender (54% womem and 46% men and extends to several age and socioeconomic ranges, configuring thus a good consumer market.

  15. Dimensionamento e sobreposição de nichos dos portunídeos (Decapoda, Brachyura, na Enseada da Fortaleza, Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brasil Breadth and overlap niches of the portunid crabs (Decapoda, Brachyura, in Fortaleza Bay, Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Antonio Amaro Pinheiro

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The niche breadth of the Portunidae and their overlap on the subtidal sediments of Fortaleza bay, Ubatuba (São Paulo was analyzed. Samples were made monthly from November/1988 to October/1989, inseven areas of the bay using a shrimp fishery boat equipped with two otter-trawls. Each area was characterized based on environmental factors such as depth, temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen, organic matter and granulometric composition of the sediment. The number of individuais of each species was registered to each area (resource. Levins's standardized measure (BA and niche percentage were calculated. Five species of swimming crabs were recorded in this study: Callinectes ornatus Ordway, 1863, Arenaeus cribrarius (Lamarck, 1818, Portunus spinimanus Latreille, 1819, Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 and Portunus spinicarpus (Stimpson, 1871. The widest ecological niche occurred to C. ornatus, present in all sampled areas (generalist species. Such fact can be related to high sediment tolerance when it is compared to P. spinimanus (especialist species which was limited to the areas with coarse granulometric fractions. Highest niche overlap was verified between C. danae and A. cribrarius may be due to greater salinity tolerance of these species. The low occurrence of P. spinicarpus and its reduced niche size in Fortaleza Bay are due to association of this species to cold water currents (ACAS more evidente in smaler depths during summer months. One future evaluation of the portunid diet can be useful to complement informations about this important aspect of the marine ecology.

  16. Expats rank Chinese cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    By Lv Dong

    2012-01-01

    Beijing, April The results of the "2011 Amazing China- The Most Attractive Chinese Cities for Foreigners" election are released. Expats choose Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and other cities as Chinas 10 most attractive cities for foreigners.

  17. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers, Pool...

  18. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers,...

  19. Transport servicing of the distribution in city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asen ASENOV

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This work gives an overview of the state of transport services for distribution in a city with the size of 100 000 to 200 000. The attention is directed to the conditions in Ruse - one of the 10 largest cities in Bulgaria. Based on a survey of the values of the performance in replacing conventional vehicles powered by internal combustion engines with electric, it was concluded on the effectiveness of using electric vehicles for distribution in the city.

  20. Variações na mensuração dos parâmetros de desmame da ventilação mecânica em hospitais da cidade de Fortaleza Variations in the measurement of weaning parameters of mechanical ventilation in Fortaleza hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Gardano Bucharles Mont'Alverne

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A demanda de pacientes que exigem tempo prolongado de ventilação mecânica vem aumentando consideravelmente nas Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTI. O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar a variabilidade dos métodos e critérios utilizados pelos fisioterapeutas para a obtenção dos parâmetros de desmame da ventilação mecânica em hospitais da cidade de Fortaleza. MÉTODO: Após aprovação pelo Comitê de Ética da Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR, foram distribuídos questionários de pesquisa entre os fisioterapeutas que trabalham em UTI de seis hospitais (três hospitais públicos e três hospitais particulares. Quarenta e quatro fisioterapeutas anônimos responderam as 32 questões de múltipla escolha. RESULTADOS: Os principais resultados versam sobre os parâmetros avaliados rotineiramente pelos fisioterapeutas, em que houve diferença significativa entre os hospitais com relação ao índice de Tobin e a Pressão Inspiratória Máxima (Pimáx, sendo mais utilizados nos hospitais particulares, com um percentual de 100% e 89,5%, respectivamente. Sobre a modalidade ventilatória utilizada para a obtenção dos parâmetros de desmame da ventilação mecânica, o tubo-T foi o mais utilizado tanto nos hospitais públicos (56% quanto nos particulares (57,9%. CONCLUSÕES: Existe uma variabilidade nos métodos e critérios utilizados para a obtenção dos parâmetros de desmame entre os fisioterapeutas dos hospitais públicos e particulares da cidade de Fortaleza. Esses resultados reforçam a necessidade de se realizar novos estudos científicos a fim de se obter a padronização das técnicas utilizadas no desmame.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The number of patients requiring prolonged time on mechanical ventilation is increasing considerably in the intensive care unit (ICU. The objective of this study was to characterize the variability of methods and criteria used by physiotherapists to obtain weaning parameters

  1. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  2. Hanseníase no município de Fortaleza, CE, Brasil: aspectos epidemiológicos e operacionais em menores de 15 anos (1995-2006 La Lepra en el municipio de Fortaleza, CE, Brasil: aspectos epidemiológicos y operacionales en menores de 15 años (1995-2006 Hansen's Disease in the municipality of Fortaleza, CE, Brazil: epidemiological and operational aspects in children under 15-years-old (1995-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henrique Morais de Alencar

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Estudo transversal que objetiva analisar a ocorrência de casos de hanseníase em menores de 15 anos de idade residentes no Município de Fortaleza e notificados no SINAN. Os indicadores epidemiológicos nesta população mostram hiperendemicidade. Operacionalmente observa-se a manutenção da concentração de atendimento em algumas unidades de referência, apesar de alguns avanços. Diagnóstico tardio, elevado grau de incapacidade no diagnóstico e baixo grau de avaliação de contatos registrados revelam a fragilidade das ações de controle. Ressalta-se a possibilidade de erro diagnóstico frente às características da infecção nesta população. A ocorrência de casos de hanseníase nesta população representa um indicador epidemiológico de grande relevância e sua análise amplia a discussão sobre problemas operacionais na rede de serviços de saúde.Estudio transversal con el objetivo de analizar las ocurrencias de los casos de lepra en menores de 15 años de edad sitiados en la ciudad de Fortaleza y enterados en el SINAN. Los indicadores epidémicos en ésta población se presentaron hiperendémicos. En la operacinalización, se observa el mantenimiento de la concentración de atención en algunas unidades recomendables, a pesar de algunos avances. Diagnósticos muy tardes, gran grado de incapacidad en el diagnóstico y bajo grado de evaluación de contactos registrados, muestran la fragilidad de las acciones de control. Se resalta así la posibilidad de error de diagnóstico delante de las características de la infección en ésta población. La ocurrencia de casos de lepra en ésta población representa un indicador epidémico de gran importancia y su análisis amplia la discusión sobre los problemas operacionales en la red de servicios públicos.This is a sectional study that aims to analyze the occurrence of Hansen's disease cases in 15 year-old minors in the Municipality of Fortaleza and notified in SINAN. The

  3. Resolutions and Public Reports. Toward a documentary history of the public councils records in Italian city-states (12th-14th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Tanzini

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available During the 12th and the first part of the 13th century there is no testimony of a clear textual tipology of council resolutions. After the second quarter of the 13th century notaries and lawyers began to outline a new pattern of written record, conceived as a council report: the libri consiliorum appeared in San Gimignano, Perugia, Prato, Bologna Siena. This particular form enhanced very much its complexity during the late 13th century. At the beginning of Trecento, large councils began to be replaced by small committees as the centre of political decision, and even written resolutions are affected by such a change. The paper analyzes the cases of cities ruled by a lord, small oligarchic communes and big cities with a great republican tradition such as Florence and Bononia.

  4. Democracia e planejamento urbano na revisão do Plano Diretor de Fortaleza (2002-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Gomes Machado

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Between 2002 and 2008 there was a revision of the Master Plan of F ortaleza. The Juraci Magalhães management produced a plan that was never voted, contested by agents who criticized the lack of democratization and popular participation. The management Luizianne Lins restarted the review , generating a plan approved by consensus. This article analyzes the institutional design, the formation of decisions and potential democratic character of these experiences. The methodology involved analysis of documents and videos, direct observation and conducting semi- structured interviews. It is estimated that there were important democratic innovations. However , the innovations non-impacted the institutional structures, making it insufficient to permanently change the correlations of strength, the rules and social behaviors in urban planning in the city .

  5. Un estudio exploratorio acerca de las fortalezas del carácter en niños argentinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldana Sol Grinhauz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study focused on the second pillar of positive psychology –virtues and character strengths– with the purpose of exploring by a mixed approach –that is, emic - etic– self-perceived strengths in 163 children, 51% male and 49% female from Buenos Aires City (Argentina. Forty percent of the participants were 10 years old, 28% were 11 years old and 32% were 12 years old. Participants were asked to describe with their own words the character strengths they recognized in themselves. Integrity and goodness were the most frequently reported strengths, while spirituality, love for knowledge and prudence were the least mentioned strengths. Sex and age differences were found in relation to self-perceived strengths. No strengths different from those included in the Values in Action classification arised from the results.

  6. Linking green city politics with green business

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mans, U.; Meerow, S.; Simpson, R.; Zimmermann, M.

    2013-01-01

    In the light of cumbersome national energy transitions, cities across the world are increasingly taking the lead in promoting renewable energy on the municipal level. Whereas cities in Europe and the United States are the most prominent pioneers of this trend, the need for renewable energy in Wester

  7. Prague: The City Is the Museum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meilach, Dona Z.

    2001-01-01

    States that Prague, the capital of the Czech-Republic, is a virtual art museum because of the number of architectural styles and other artworks throughout the city. Explores the various architectural styles that are present in the city from the Gothic monasteries and churches to examples of contemporary styles. (CMK)

  8. A School Voucher Program for Baltimore City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lips, Dan

    2005-01-01

    Baltimore City's public school system is in crisis. Academically, the school system fails on any number of measures. The city's graduation rate is barely above 50 percent and students continually lag well behind state averages on standardized tests. Adding to these problems is the school system's current fiscal crisis, created by years of fiscal…

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Rhode Island State, Coastline and Town Boundaries; ritown5k; Political boundary lines for Rhode Island municipalities with city and town feature attributes and name annotation including physical shoreline features for bay and coastal waters, Published in 2001, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2001. It is described...

  10. The Schoolhouse in the City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toffler, Alvin, Ed.

    A conference entitled "The Schoolhouse in the City" was convened at Stanford University, July 10-14, 1967. Sponsored by Stanford's School Planning Laboratory and supported by Educational Facilities Laboratories and the U. S. Office of Education, the conference brought together as speakers leading figures in local, state, and federal government,…

  11. Water changed the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  12. Water changed the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  13. As histórias em quadrinhos no incentivo à leitura nas crianças: a realidade em algumas escolas de Fortaleza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia Dias Catunda

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca mostrar como e por que as histórias em quadrinhos  (HQs constituem uma boa maneira de fazer as crianças se interessarem pela leitura. Muitas vezes vistas com preconceito ou apenas como uma forma de entretenimento, essas revistas possuem muito mais qualidades do que se imagina. As revistas em quadrinhos também ajudam a explorar os recursos didático-pedagógicos em sala de aula, que atualmente são pouco explorados pelos professores. De acordo com Santos (2001, a história em Quadrinhos, ao falar diretamente ao imaginário da criança, preenche suas expectativas e a prepara para a leitura de outras obras. A experiência de folhear as páginas de uma revista de quadrinhos pode gerar e perpetuar o gosto pelo livro impresso, independente de seu conteúdo. A pesquisa foi realizada em 3  escolas de Fortaleza, onde foram ouvidos alunos, professores e coordenadores pedagógicos. Nesse levantamento feito em três escolas de Fortaleza, todas usam as HQs como material didático para auxiliar na alfabetização das crianças e afirmaram que a ferramenta traz bons resultados, pois fazem com que as crianças aprendam se divertindo e incentivam a leitura, trazendo facilidades para que as crianças busquem também outras formas de leitura. Também foram analisados a estrutura e as condições das salas onde as crianças desenvolvem os trabalhos com quadrinhos, seja leitura, escrita ou produção de desenhos. Com isso busca-se avaliar se essas condições  são adequadas e colaboram com o incentivo à leitura. Em todas as escolas, a revista em quadrinhos mais usada é a da Turma da Mônica.

  14. CONTAMINAÇÃO AMBIENTAL POR LARVAS E OVOS DE HELMINTOS EM AMOSTRAS DE AREIA DE PRAIAS DO MUNICÍPIO DE FORTALEZA-CEARÁ.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ésio Fortaleza Nascimento Chaves Pedrosa

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: As praias são importantes focos de infecção humana por microrganismos, tanto através da água quanto do solo, sendo esta última um excelente meio de veiculação de várias espécies de parasitos, entre eles S. stercoralis, Toxocara canis, A. lumbricoides, Ancilostomídeos, entre outros. Objetivo do estudo: avaliar a contaminação das praias de Fortaleza (Praia do Futuro, Barra do Ceará e Beira Mar por parasitas de importância médica.Materiais e Métodos: Foram selecionados seis pontos de cada praia onde foi colhido material (100 g de areia em três amostras (uma superficial, uma com 10 cm de profundidade e outra com 20 cm, totalizando 54 amostras, que foram transportadas imediatamente ao laboratório para a análise. Resultados: Dentre as 54 amostras de areia analisadas, em 39 (72,2% foram encontradas larvas, das quais 35 (64,8% foram positivas para Ancylostoma sp , 3 (5,5% para Strongyloides stercoralis e 4 (7,4%  com ovos de Trichuris trichiura. Discussão: Os resultados apresentados comprovam a contaminação do solo da praia do Futuro, Beira Mar e Barra do Ceará, assim como a possibilidade de ocorrência de infecções humanas por enteroparasitas através do solo. Conclusão: Conclui-se que as praias da Barra do Ceará, Praia do Futuro e Beira Mar da cidade de Fortaleza encontram-se em situação precária de saneamento, visto que foram encontrados ovos e larvas de parasitas potencialmente infectantes em 72,2% das amostras, tornando-se necessário apoio e suporte de medidas da vigilância sanitária nestas praias imediatamente.

  15. Falarra tanto que cansarra: a aspiração de /v/ no morfema verbal -ava no falar de Fortaleza-CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Germana Pontes Rodrigues

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo aborda o enfraquecimento da fricativa /v/, no falar popular de Fortaleza, cuja realização ocorre, como em ta[v]a (manutenção ~ ta[h]a (aspiração, em contexto de pretérito imperfeito do indicativo da primeira conjugação (/ava/. Nosso objetivo é analisar, à luz da Sociolinguística Variacionista, o efeito de fatores linguísticos e sociais sobre a realização variável da fricativa /v/ na comunidade de fala fortalezense e averiguar se o fenômeno encontra-se em variação estável ou se há indícios de uma mudança em progresso. Nossa amostra é constituída por 48 informantes do projeto Norma Oral do Português Popular de Fortaleza (NORPOFOR. No contexto aqui analisado, foram obtidos 1.816 dados, dos quais 839 (46,2% foram de aspiração. As variáveis apontadas pelo GoldVarb X como relevantes foram (nesta ordem: escolaridade, registro, frequência de uso, faixa etária, tipo de sílaba, gênero/sexo e dimensão do vocábulo. A variável linguística mais relevante, a frequência de uso, mostrou que quanto mais usual um termo, maior será a aspiração de /v/. A escolaridade, a variável mais importante de todas, é aliada da variante aspirada entre os informantes com 0 a 4 anos de escolarização, o que reforçou a hipótese de estigmatização do fenômeno nesta comunidade de fala; a faixa etária indicou que os maiores índices com a variante aspirada ocorreram, preferencialmente, na faixa de 50 anos ou mais, o que nos apontou indícios de uma mudança em progresso.

  16. CONTAMINAÇÃO AMBIENTAL POR LARVAS E OVOS DE HELMINTOS EM AMOSTRAS DE AREIA DE PRAIAS DO MUNICÍPIO DE FORTALEZA-CEARÁ.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ésio Fortaleza Nascimento Chaves Pedrosa

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: As praias são importantes focos de infecção humana por microrganismos, tanto através da água quanto do solo, sendo esta última um excelente meio de veiculação de várias espécies de parasitos, entre eles S. stercoralis, Toxocara canis, A. lumbricoides, Ancilostomídeos, entre outros. Objetivo do estudo: avaliar a contaminação das praias de Fortaleza (Praia do Futuro, Barra do Ceará e Beira Mar por parasitas de importância médica. Materiais e Métodos: Foram selecionados seis pontos de cada praia onde foi colhido material (100 g de areia em três amostras (uma superficial, uma com 10 cm de profundidade e outra com 20 cm, totalizando 54 amostras, que foram transportadas imediatamente ao laboratório para a análise. Resultados: Dentre as 54 amostras de areia analisadas, em 39 (72,2% foram encontradas larvas, das quais 35 (64,8% foram positivas para Ancylostoma sp , 3 (5,5% para Strongyloides stercoralis e 4 (7,4% com ovos de Trichuris trichiura. Discussão: Os resultados apresentados comprovam a contaminação do solo da praia do Futuro, Beira Mar e Barra do Ceará, assim como a possibilidade de ocorrência de infecções humanas por enteroparasitas através do solo. Conclusão: Conclui-se que as praias da Barra do Ceará, Praia do Futuro e Beira Mar da cidade de Fortaleza encontram-se em situação precária de saneamento, visto que foram encontrados ovos e larvas de parasitas potencialmente infectantes em 72,2% das amostras, tornando-se necessário apoio e suporte de medidas da vigilância sanitária nestas praias imediatamente.

  17. EFECTO DE LAS DESIGUALDADES SOCIOECONÓMICAS EN LA MORTALIDAD DE LA CIUDAD DE FORTALEZA, CEARÁ, BRASIL DURANTE EL AÑO 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danila Carneiro de Oliveira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: Brasil es un ejemplo para estudiar la situación de la pobreza y sus determinantes, ya que posee una gran parte de la población pobre de América Latina y presenta gran potencial para erradicar esta pobreza. El presente trabajo pretende mostrar la asociación entre la mortalidad y el índice de pobreza en la ciudad de Fortaleza, capital del estado Ceará. Métodos: Estudio ecológico transversal, la unidad de análisis fueron los barrios de la ciudad de Fortaleza. Los datos de mortalidad se obtuvieron a través del Sistema Único de Salud, incluyendo todas las defunciones del año 2007 y sus causas. Los indicadores socioeconómicos y número de habitantes se extrajeron del Censo de Habitantes y Viviendas del Instituto Brasileño de Estadísticas del año 2000. Se calculó un índice compuesto de privación a partir de los principales indicadores simples de privación utilizando una técnica de agrupamiento tipo Cluster y se realizó un análisis de correlación para valorar la asociación entre nivel socioeconómico y mortalidad. El índice compuesto de privación se dividió en cinco grupos, el grupo 1 presentaba las mejores condiciones socioeconómicas y el 5 las peores. Resultados: Se observó asociación significativa del nivel socioeconómico con la mortalidad total (p<0,001, por enfermedades circulatorias (p<0,001 y por causas externas (p<0,001. Además, el 86% de los casos de agresión sucedieron en los grupos 4 y 5. Conclusiones: Existe relación directa entre la condición socioeconómica y la mortalidad total por causas circulatorias y por causas externas.

  18. ESTILO DE VIDA DE ADOLESCENTES DAS ESCOLAS PÚBLICAS DE ENSINO FUNDAMENTAL, EM FORTALEZA/CE, EM RELAÇÃO AO RISCO DE HIPERTENSÃO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Brasileiro de Vasconcelos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: analisar o estilo de vida dos adolescentes das escolas públicas de ensino fundamental na cidade de Fortaleza/CE, em relação ao risco de Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica (HAS. Métodos: estudo descritivo, exploratório, transversal e quantitativo, realizado com 120 alunos de seis escolas públicas do ensino fundamental na cidade de Fortaleza/CE. A coleta de dados foi realizada de fevereiro a abril de 2007. Para tanto, foi utilizado um questionário estruturado composto de perguntas e respostas objetivas a respeito da prática de atividade física, das horas de sono, do uso de cigarro, dos hábitos alimentares, dos antecedentes familiares com HAS, de quais fatores que causam a HAS, se fazem uso de bebidas alcoólicas e por fim como se deve prevenir a HAS. Resultados: a amostra do estudo foi composta de 120 alunos de ambos os sexos com média de idade de 13,88 anos ± 1,27 ano. Em relação aos fatores de risco, 37,5% (n=45 dos estudantes realizam atividade física mais de duas vezes por semana; em relação ao hábito de fumar 96,67% (n=116 não fumam; sobre a ingestão de alimentos, 50,8% (n=61 ingerem biscoitos com suco; 94,2% (n=113 não fazem uso de bebidas alcoólicas e foi detectado que 65% (n=78 estão abaixo do peso ideal. Outro fator identificado foi que 32,50% (n=39 da amostra apresentam antecedentes familiares de primeiro e/ou segundo graus com afecções cardiovasculares, prevalecendo a HAS em 30%. Conclusão: verificou-se que os alunos realizam pouca atividade física, alimentam-se de forma inadequada com alimentos ricos em gorduras e carboidratos e apresentam antecedentes familiares com afecções cardiovasculares.

  19. City Polygons, US Territories, 2015, NAVTEQ

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — NAVTEQ Administrative Area Boundaries 4 (City Boundaries) for the United States. There are five Administrative Area Boundaries layers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5). These layers...

  20. Streamlining Site Cleanup in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    This joint effort, supported by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYS DEC), advances the environmental cleanup goals of PlaNYC 2030, the city's comprehensive sustainability plan.

  1. MINING AND SPATIALITY: Space, society, and environment in the coal-based economy in Criciúma City, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil

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    Gilberto Filho Montibeller

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes Criciúma City´s spatiality, i.e., the space-social economics-environment relationship, during the intense coal mining exploration until nowadays. We consider studies on other mining regions and studies about the specific case. In that, we verify the social, economics and environmental dynamics along the history and today. We seek to interpret the dialectic relationship between history, space and society in an area when the ore´s deposits determine the locations of all the infrastructure to their exploration. Furthermore, the activity needs high amount of capital and unskilled work with low wages, which configures the social stratification on space. Recently, other activities outweigh the mining in the region. But the efects of coalming period remain. The city districts map shows the spacial location by social classes and degradaded areas. We can observe therefore the highest classes´ interests configured on a microcosmo like Criciúma. In this way, this study could also contribute to the complex issue of spatiality in the urban environment.

  2. The prevalence and incidence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in selected cities from three Commonwealth of Independent States countries (the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Kazakhstan).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasonov, E; Soloviev, S; Davidson, J E; Lila, A; Ivanova, R; Togizbayev, G; Omarbekova, Z; Shevchuk, S; Iaremenko, O; Gnylorybov, A; Smailova, Z; Chernogolov, V; Malynovska, K; Vasylyev, A; Pereira, M H S

    2014-02-01

    We assessed the prevalence and incidence of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) in 2010 in adults from four cities in Russia, Kazakhstan and Ukraine. Individuals with SLE were identified retrospectively from the medical records of specialized centers. Prevalent SLE patients were nondeceased city residents, diagnosed prior to December 31, 2010; incident patients were residents newly diagnosed between January 1 and December 31, 2010. Population size was obtained from official census data. The observed prevalence rates (per 100,000, 95% CI) were 9.0 (7.1-11.2) in Kursk and Yaroslavl, Russian Federation; 20.6 (15.4-27.0) in Semey, Kazakhstan; and 14.9 (10.9-19.9) in Vinnitsa, Ukraine. The cumulative incidence rates (per 100,000, 95% CI) were 1.4 (0.7-2.4); 1.6 (0.4-4.1) and 0.3 (0.0-1.8), correspondingly. All rates were higher among females compared to males, and incidence peaked in the population aged 25-44. These rates appear slightly lower than those reported from Western Europe and the USA. This could be because of study design (case-ascertainment), local health care practices or true differences in disease risk. Case age and sex distribution was similar to the known epidemiology of SLE. The rates were highest in Kazakhstan, likely because of a predominantly ethnic Asian population.

  3. O compartilhamento do cuidado em saúde mental: uma experiência de cogestão de um centro de atenção psicossocial em Fortaleza, CE, apoiada em abordagens psicossociais The partnership in the mental health care: an experience in psicossocial approaches and in the co-management of a mental health community service in Fortaleza/CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Gabriela Curubeto Godoy

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda a trajetória de uma experiência comunitária vinculada a uma organização não governamental, o Movimento de Saúde Mental Comunitária do Bom Jardim e a parceria celebrada entre essa entidade e a Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Fortaleza. Tal parceria vem proporcionando a expansão de ações psicossociais, bem como a cogestão de um Centro de Atenção Psicossocial tipo II inaugurado em 2005 (CAPS Comunitário do Bom Jardim. Geograficamente situado na Regional V, área com os piores indicadores sociais e sanitários de Fortaleza, o Movimento de Saúde Mental Comunitária do Bom Jardim oferta atividades como Terapia Comunitária, Biodança, Arteterapia, Grupos de autoestima, Massoterapia, Reiki, Shiatsu, Quiropraxia, Oficinas de arte, música e teatro, cursos profissionalizantes e atividades lúdicas e educativas para diversas faixas etárias da população do bairro. A articulação entre as ações implementadas pelo Movimento de Saúde Mental Comunitária do Bom Jardim e a parceria com a Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Fortaleza apresenta desafios e possibilidades na tentativa de construção da integralidade no campo da atenção psicossocial. Neste artigo apresentamos a trajetória histórica da referida entidade, descrevemos algumas de suas principais atividades e realizamos uma breve análise da parceria com a Secretaria Municipal de Saúde e o processo de cogestão do Centro de Atenção Psicossocial, apontando também alguns desafios e possibilidades encontradas nessa tentativa de convergência entre uma concepção de trabalho comunitário e a lógica burocrático-normativa sobre a qual geralmente se sustenta a atuação de instituições estatais de saúde.This is the report of the partnership experience between a nongovernmental organization that works with Mental Health and the Health Municipal Commission of Fortaleza/Ceará. This partnership has expanded several psychosocial actions as Community Therapy

  4. O compartilhamento do cuidado em saúde mental: uma experiência de cogestão de um centro de atenção psicossocial em Fortaleza, CE, apoiada em abordagens psicossociais The partnership in the mental health care: an experience in psicossocial approaches and in the co-management of a mental health community service in Fortaleza/CE

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo aborda a trajetória de uma experiência comunitária vinculada a uma organização não governamental, o Movimento de Saúde Mental Comunitária do Bom Jardim e a parceria celebrada entre essa entidade e a Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Fortaleza. Tal parceria vem proporcionando a expansão de ações psicossociais, bem como a cogestão de um Centro de Atenção Psicossocial tipo II inaugurado em 2005 (CAPS Comunitário do Bom Jardim). Geograficamente situado na Regional V, área com os piores...

  5. Motor neuron diseases in the University Hospital of Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil: a clinico-demographic analysis of 87 cases Doenças do neurônio motor no Hospital Universitário de Fortaleza (Nordeste do Brasil: análise clínico-demográfica de 87 casos

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    CARLOS M. DE CASTRO-COSTA

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available In this retrospective (1980-1998 study, we have analyzed clinico-demographically, from the records of the University Hospital of Fortaleza (Brazil, a group of 87 patients showing signs and symptoms of motor neuron diseases (MNDs. Their diagnosis was determined clinically and laboratorially. The WFN criteria were used for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS diagnosis. The clinico-demographic analysis of the 87 cases of MNDs showed that 4 were diagnosed as spinal muscular atrophy (SMA, 5 cases as ALS subsets: 2 as progressive bulbar paralysis (PBP, 2 as progressive muscular atrophy (PMA and 1 as monomelic amyotrophy (MA, and 78 cases of ALS. The latter comprised 51 males and 27 females, with a mean age of 42.02 years. They were sub-divided into 4 groups according to age: from 15 to 29 years (n= 17, 30 to 39 years (n= 18, 40 to 69 years (n= 39 and 70 to 78 years (n= 4. From the 78 ALS patients, 76 were of the classic sporadic form whilst only 2 were of the familial form. The analysis of the 87 patients with MNDs from the University Hospital of Fortaleza showed a predominance of ALS patients, with a high number of cases of juvenile and early onset adult sporadic ALS.Neste estudo retrospectivo (1980-1998, analisamos clínico-demograficamente, a partir dos prontuários do Hospital Universitário de Fortaleza (Brasil, um grupo de 87 pacientes que apresentavam sinais e sintomas de doenças do neurônio motor (DNMs. Eles foram diagnosticados clinicamente, e através de exames complementares. Para o diagnóstico da esclerose lateral amiotrófica (ELA, usamos os critérios da Federação Mundial de Neurologia. A análise clínico-demográfica dos 87 casos de DNMs evidenciou a existência de 4 casos de atrofia muscular espinhal (AME, 5 casos de variantes da ELA: 2 de paralisia bulbar progressiva (PBP, 2 de atrofia muscular progressiva (AMP e 1 de amiotrofia monomélica (AM, e 78 casos de ELA. Esses últimos eram constituídos de 51 homens e 27 mulheres, com

  6. The Profile of Accidents by Hot Liquids in Children Attended at a Reference Center in Fortaleza - doi:10.5020/18061230.2007.p86

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermano José Sales Rocha

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Burns are frequent accidents and represent the second cause of death in childhood. The aim of this study was to identify the profile of accidents with children burned by hot liquids. This was a descriptive study conducted with 62 parents of interned children from a Burn Treatment Center in Fortaleza, Ceara, during the period of January to June, 2002. The studied variables were: age at the time of the accident, the sex, the substance that caused the burn and specific characteristics of the burn. As a result, there was a prevalence of the age group 1 to 2 years old with 30 (48.4% admissions; 34 (54.8% were male. Hot water was responsible for 23 (37.1% cases and the second degree burns prevailed in 62 (62% cases. Regarding to affected body parts, it was found that the torso was burned in 49 (28.8% children. At the time of the thermal accident, 51 (82.3% children were in their mothers’ company; after the incident, 36 (59.6% children were immediately taken to the hospital. Concerning educational guidelines on prevention of burns, 48 (77.4% parents reported not having received them from the health team. It was concluded that the profile of accidents with children burned by hot liquids at this Reference Center consists of children in first childhood, male, mainly with second degree lesions in the torso, which occurred while in their mother’s company

  7. An outbreak of post-vaccinal rabies (rage de laboratoire) in Fortaleza, Brazil, in 1960. Residual fixed virus as the etiological agent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pará, M

    1965-01-01

    The repeated isolation of fixed rabies virus from the CNS tissues of victims of an acute and lethal outbreak of encephalomyelitis in Fortaleza, Brazil, in November 1960, following vaccination with a locally produced killed-virus anti-rabies vaccine of the Fermi type is considered as definitive evidence of the rabic etiology (vaccinal fixed-virus rabies, rage de laboratoire) of this outbreak. Eighteen persons were affected, all of whom died.The clinical picture of paralytic rabies was recognizable in all of these 18 patients. The well-marked characteristics of an acute infection permit the easy differentiation of the paralysis caused by fixed rabies virus from post-vaccinal accidents that occur as allergic reactions.The incriminated anti-rabies vaccine was found to contain fixed live rabies virus at a titre of 10(-3.0). After one year of storage under refrigeration, the vaccine still contained fixed rabies virus, at a titre of 0,2x10(-1.0).Subsequent laboratory studies tend to indicate that the curve of inactivation of fixed virus by phenol does not follow a linear function but rather resembles the curve of inactivation of poliomyelitis virus by heat and formol according to the Salk technique. It is suggested that the antigenicity of the so-called "killed-virus" anti-rabies vaccines is actually due to the presence in them of residual amounts of live virus.

  8. Segmento do Turismo de Negócios para as Agências de Viagem: Perfil de Clientes Corporativos de Fortaleza e Região Metropolitana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keila Cristina Nicolau Mota

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O turismo de negócios vem se expandindo no mercado, contribuindo para a geração de emprego e renda, movimentando a economia. Com a globalização, os avanços da tecnologia, além das facilidades de transporte e comunicação, o turismo corporativo tem se tornado expressivo e tem exigido uma maior atenção, no sentido de promover um serviço condizente com as necessidades contemporâneas. Os clientes corporativos das agências de viagem apresentam características próprias e exigem profissionais capacitados. O presente artigo objetiva analisar empresas de Fortaleza e Região Metropolitana que são clientes de agências de viagem. Por meio de uma pesquisa de campo que identificou as principais características e tendências do setor nos meses de maio e junho de 2010, relacionando aspectos típicos do turismo de negócios. O mercado de viagens destes clientes tem contribuído para o desenvolvimento do setor, porém carece de agências que trabalhem a gestão de viagens de forma mais especializada.

  9. PERCEPÇÃO DAS MÃES SOBRE ALEITAMENTO EM PREMATUROS DA UNIDADE CANGURU DE UMA MATERNIDADE DE FORTALEZA - CE

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    KARLA MARIA CARNEIRO ROLIM

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue saber cómo perciben las madres el proceso de lactancia materna en prematuros asistidos en la Unidad Madre Canguro. Estudio descriptivo, con planteo cualitativo, realizado en una maternidad pública, en Fortaleza-CE, en el período de enero a mayo de 2007. Los sujetos sondeados fueron 10 madres que se hallaban con bebés internados en la Unidad. Se utilizó entrevista estructurada en parte, de la cual surgieron las categorías: conocimiento materno sobre el bebé prematuro, percepción de las madres sobre el método madre canguro, apreciación de las madres en amamantar un bebé prematuro y satisfacción con el servicio. El vínculo afectivo del binomio madre e hijo quedó en evidencia y, a su vez, considerado factor significativo en la recuperación del bebé.

  10. A prática do psicólogo em saúde coletiva: um estudo no município de Fortaleza (CE, Brasil

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    Liliane Brandão Carvalho

    Full Text Available O psicólogo na rede pública se depara com o desafio da inserção em instituições de saúde caracterizadas como locus específico de prática profissional. Busca-se compreender os sentidos atribuídos por um segmento de psicólogos à prática desenvolvida em serviços de saúde no Município de Fortaleza. Este estudo qualitativo, de enfoque crítico-interpretativo, foi composto por 8 das 22 psicólogas do quadro funcional da rede estadual de saúde. A técnica da entrevista individual em profundidade permitiu a construção de dois eixos da rede interpretativa referentes à inserção e aos saberes e fazeres em jogo. São muitas as dificuldades vivenciadas pelos psicólogos, sobretudo a formação acadêmica, percebida como insuficiente, e a influência do modelo biomédico como eixo organizador da assistência. Ante os usuários, o psicólogo desenvolve experiências mais técnicas e de ajustamento; há, contudo, atitudes que ultrapassam os modelos tradicionais de formação e de prática psicológicas.

  11. Avaliação do nível de atividade física e fatores associados em estudantes de medicina de Fortaleza-CE

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    Euton Freitas de Castro Júnior

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar o Nível de Atividade Física em acadêmicos de Medicina. Estudo transversal, descritivo e analítico, realizado em escolas médicas públicas e privadas e em hospitais- escola de Fortaleza. Amostra de 840 alunos, 409 do sexo masculino e 431 do feminino, na faixa etária de 17 a 33 anos, escolhidos de forma aleatória. Utilizou-se o Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física na versão curta. A maioria dos estudantes (72,6% foi classificada como sedentária ou insuficientemente ativa. Falta de tempo e estética configuram, respectivamente, a principal desmotivação e motivação para a prática de atividade física. Necessita-se de mais estudos abordando essa população, com vistas a estabelecer um delineamento mais acurado dos fatores que induzem à inatividade física.

  12. Western blot seroindeterminate individuals for Human T-lymphotropic Virus 1/2 (HTLV-1/2 in Fortaleza (Brazil: a serological and molecular diagnostic and epidemiological approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terezinha de Jesus Teixeira Santos

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available How to handle Western blot (WB seroindeterminate individuals for Human T-lymphotropic Virus 1/2 (HTLV-1/2 constitutes a challenge for blood banks and fam ilies. We made a cross-sectional study of 191 enzyme linked immunoassay (EIA reactive individuals from the hematological center (HEMOCE of Fortaleza (Brazil, examining their serological (WB and molecular (PCR diagnosis, and demographic profiles, as well as a possible association of their condition with other infectious pathologies and risk factors. Ethical institutional approval and personal consent were obtained. Out of 191 EIA reactive individuals, 118 were WB seroindeterminate and 73 were seropositive for HTLV-1/2. In the PCR analysis of 41 WB seroindeterminate individuals, 9 (22% were positive and 32 (78% were negative for HTLV-1/2. The demographic analysis indicated a trend towards a predominance of males among the seroindeterminate individuals and females in the seropositive ones. The seroindeterminate individuals were younger than the seropositive ones. We did not find any association of these conditions with syphilis, Chagas disease or HIV or hepatitis, and with risk factors such as breast-feeding, blood transfusion, STD (syphilis and IDU.

  13. Fortalezas y debilidades de los inventarios de cementos para su empleo en análisis de ciclo de vida (ACV

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    Aguado, A.

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA has become a common and accepted tool for quantifying the environmental impact of products. It is frequently used in some industrial sectors but this is not the case for construction products like cement. Reliable LCA require the use of reliable Life- Cycle Inventories (LCI; this is an important point because in Spain reliable LCI are scarce. An analysis of available LCI of different European cements is presented in this paper. This analysis includes the strengths and weaknesses of such inventories.

    El análisis del ciclo de vida (ACV de productos se ha convertido en una herramienta usual de cuantificación de aspectos medioambientales de los mismos. Esta técnica, está bastante extendida en productos industriales estándar, pero no tanto, en productos del sector de la construcción, como es el cemento. Por otro lado, para la realización de un ACV fiable es necesario contar con inventarios, asimismo fiables, lo cual adquiere gran importancia ya que en España no existen de forma sistemática. En este artículo se hace un análisis de los inventarios públicos a los que se ha tenido acceso, correspondientes a diferentes cementos del ámbito europeo, reflejándose las fortalezas y debilidades de los mismos.

  14. Caracterização de crianças e adolescentes atendidos por maus tratos em um hospital de emergência no município de Fortaleza-CE Characterization of maltreated children and adolescents taken into a paediatric emergency health care service in Fortaleza-CE-Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arcelina Maria da Silva

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar o perfil da criança e adolescente maltratados e atendidos em um hospital de emergência, no Município de Fortaleza, Ceará. Utilizou-se a pesquisa documental retrospectiva com análise dos formulários da Comissão de Maus Tratos à Infância e Adolescência. Os resultados revelaram que o sexo masculino e a faixa etária de 1 a 5 anos foram os mais atingidos; o principal agressor é o pai biológico e os tipos de violência mais freqüentes foram o hematoma, o abuso sexual e as lesões por objetos cortantes. Conclui-se que o tema requer estudos aprofundados que modifiquem o ambiente em que a criança, adolescente e famílias estão inseridos.This study aimed to characterise the profile of the child and the adolescent who were maltreated and taken into paediatric emergency care in a hospital, in Fortaleza, Ceará. It was used a documented retrospective evaluation. The results showed that the children in the age group of 1-5 years were the most victimised as well as the children of the male sex. The main perpetrator was a biological father and the most frequent kind of violence were hematomas, sexual abuse and wounds by slashing objects. In conclusion, this subject needs to be more investigated for providing changes within the' environment where a child, adolescent and families were inserted.

  15. Factors related to inadequate cervical cancer screening in two Brazilian state capitals Factores asociados al rastreo inadecuado del cáncer cervical en dos capitales brasileras Fatores associados ao rastreamento inadequado do câncer cervical em duas capitais brasileiras

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:To analyze factors associated with cervical cancer screening failure. METHODS:Population-based cross-sectional study with self-weighted two-stage cluster sampling conducted in the cities of Fortaleza (Northeastern Brazil) and Rio de Janeiro (Southeastern Brazil) in 2002. Subjects were women aged 25-59 years in the last three years prior to the study. Data were analyzed through Poisson regression using a hierarchical model. RESULTS: The proportion of women who did not undergo the Pap...

  16. City health development planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Geoff; Acres, John; Price, Charles; Tsouros, Agis

    2009-11-01

    The objective of this evaluation was to review the evolution and process of city health development planning (CHDP) in municipalities participating in the Healthy Cities Network organized by the European Region of the World Health Organization. The concept of CHDP combines elements from three theoretical domains: (a) health development, (b) city governance and (c) urban planning. The setting was the 56 cities which participated in Phase III (1998-2002) of the Network. Evidence was gathered from documents either held in WHO archives or made available from Network cities and from interviews with city representatives. CHDPs were the centrepiece of Phase III, evolving from city health plans developed in Phase II. They are strategic documents giving direction to municipalities and partner agencies. Analysis revealed three types of CHDP, reflecting the realpolitik of each city. For many cities, the process of CHDP was as important as the plan itself.

  17. The Copper Balance of Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kral, Ulrich; Lin, Chih-Yi; Kellner, Katharina; Ma, Hwong-wen; Brunner, Paul H

    2014-01-01

    Material management faces a dual challenge: on the one hand satisfying large and increasing demands for goods and on the other hand accommodating wastes and emissions in sinks. Hence, the characterization of material flows and stocks is relevant for both improving resource efficiency and environmental protection. This article focuses on the urban scale, a dimension rarely investigated in past metal flow studies. We compare the copper (Cu) metabolism of two cities in different economic states, namely, Vienna (Europe) and Taipei (Asia). Substance flow analysis is used to calculate urban Cu balances in a comprehensive and transparent form. The main difference between Cu in the two cities appears to be the stock: Vienna seems close to saturation with 180 kilograms per capita (kg/cap) and a growth rate of 2% per year. In contrast, the Taipei stock of 30 kg/cap grows rapidly by 26% per year. Even though most Cu is recycled in both cities, bottom ash from municipal solid waste incineration represents an unused Cu potential accounting for 1% to 5% of annual demand. Nonpoint emissions are predominant; up to 50% of the loadings into the sewer system are from nonpoint sources. The results of this research are instrumental for the design of the Cu metabolism in each city. The outcomes serve as a base for identification and recovery of recyclables as well as for directing nonrecyclables to appropriate sinks, avoiding sensitive environmental pathways. The methodology applied is well suited for city benchmarking if sufficient data are available. PMID:25866460

  18. All Prime Contract Awards by State or Country, Place, and Contractor, FY83, Part 7 (Auburn, New York-Oklahoma City, Oklahoma).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    F OZD04 1812 MDA9O4-83-CO588 B C A 1 2 2 AD26 000 A7 RDTE/DEFENSE SERVICES 8 1 3 5 C 11 2 A U 1 F 256 2 I BD910 A356 500024-79-C6230 C C A 1 2 2 5845...AiB MAINT-REPAIR OF EO/ENGINES & 8 A 4 5 A 1009 5 B J 1 H 340 ---------------- CITY TOTAL 8 77S ORCHARD PARK NEW YORK 016262 6230 33 ALCAN ALUMINUM L...1 2 2 R219 000 C2 OTHER ARCHITECT & ENGINEERIN 8 A 3 5 J 04 2 B J 1 I 35 STRAHS ALUMINUM PLAINVIEW NEW YORK 556231 6675 33 1 E OAKIO 0238 Di 15-70-33

  19. Collection and analysis of samples for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in dust and other solids related to sealed and unsealed pavement from 10 cities across the United States, 2005-07

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Metre, Peter C.; Mahler, Barbara J.; Wilson, Jennifer T.; Burbank, Teresa L.

    2008-01-01

    Parking lots and driveways are dominant features of the modern urban landscape, and in the United States, sealcoat is widely used on these surfaces. One of the most widely used types of sealcoat contains refined coal tar; coal-tar-based sealcoat products have a mean polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentration of about 5 percent. A previous study reported that parking lots in Austin, Texas, treated with coal-tar sealcoat were a major source of PAH compounds in streams. This report presents methods for and data from the analysis of concentrations of PAH compounds in dust from sealed and unsealed pavement from nine U.S. cities, and concentrations of PAH compounds in other related solid materials (sealcoat surface scrapings, nearby street dust, and nearby soil) from three of those same cities and a 10th city. Dust samples were collected by sweeping dust from areas of several square meters with a soft nylon brush into a dustpan. Some samples were from individual lots or driveways, and some samples consisted of approximately equal amounts of material from three lots. Samples were sieved to remove coarse sand and gravel and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Concentrations of PAHs vary greatly among samples with total PAH (sigmaPAH), the sum of 12 unsubstituted parent PAHs, ranging from nondetection for all 12 PAHs (several samples from Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington; sigmaPAH of less than 36,000 micrograms per kilogram) to 19,000,000 micrograms per kilogram for a sealcoat scraping sample (Milwaukee, Wisconsin). The largest PAH concentrations in dust are from a driveway sample from suburban Chicago, Illinois (sigmaPAH of 9,600,000 micrograms per kilogram).

  20. Perfil do consumidor de frutas em cidades do interior do estado de São Paulo - SP Fruit consumer profile in cities of the interior of the state of São Paulo - SP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Matheus Yalenti Perosa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudos relacionados ao perfil do consumidor colocam-se como importante subsídio à participação competitiva dos diferentes segmentos nas cadeias agroalimentares e para a própria organização da mesma. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi o de identificar o perfil dos consumidores de frutas em cidades do interior do Estado de São Paulo. A amostra foi constituída de 404 consumidores em pontos de venda previamente selecionados nas cidades de Botucatu, Avaré, Jaboticabal, Ilha Solteira e Tupã. Os resultados sobre o perfil do consumidor de frutas nas cidades pesquisadas sinalizam uma preocupação com as características do produto (saudáveis e saborosos, com o preço e com facilidades de acesso na compra. Os resultados apontam também para a necessidade de maiores estudos sobre a importância da informação relacionada aos aspectos mais valorizados (características do produto e preço na estrutura de consumo.Scientific studies analyzing consumers profile and decision-making processes play an important role on companies' strategies and vertical coordination action to increase efficiency on food chains. This research mapped the profile of food consumers on medium size cities on the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The sample considered 404 consumers in sale spots of 5 cities: Botucatu, Avaré, Jaboticabal, Ilha Solteira and Tupã. The results suggested that consumers of the 5 cities are concerned about fruit attributes like healthiness and flavor, but not neglecting price and access to market facilities. These results highlighted the importance of marketing actions to emphasize important characteristics valued by consumers, like price and product related attributes.

  1. Jerusalem: City of Dreams, City of Sorrows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricks, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Jerusalem is more than an intriguing global historical city; it is a classroom for liberal learning and international understanding. It had never been a city of one language, one religion and one culture. Looking at the origins of Jerusalem's name indicates its international and multicultural nature. While Israelis designate Jerusalem as their…

  2. City Car = The City Car / Andres Sevtshuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sevtshuk, Andres, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Massachusettsi Tehnoloogiainstituudi (MIT) meedialaboratooriumi juures tegutseva Targa Linna Grupi (Smart City Group) ja General Motorsi koostööna sündinud kaheistmelisest linnasõbralikust elektriautost City Car. Nimetatud töögrupi liikmed (juht William J. Mitchell, töögruppi kuulus A. Sevtshuk Eestist)

  3. City Car = The City Car / Andres Sevtshuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sevtshuk, Andres, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Massachusettsi Tehnoloogiainstituudi (MIT) meedialaboratooriumi juures tegutseva Targa Linna Grupi (Smart City Group) ja General Motorsi koostööna sündinud kaheistmelisest linnasõbralikust elektriautost City Car. Nimetatud töögrupi liikmed (juht William J. Mitchell, töögruppi kuulus A. Sevtshuk Eestist)

  4. European Cities in the World City Network

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Taylor (Peter)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis is primarily an empirical paper that brings together selected results from the GaWC research programme. The latter studies inter-city relations at a global scale. Empirical research is based upon a model of world city network network formation as a product of the location strategies

  5. Seasonal and nocturnal domiciliary human landing/biting behaviour of Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) evansi and Lutzomyia (Psychodopygus) panamensis (Diptera; Psychodidae) in a periurban area of a city on the Caribbean coast of eastern Venezuela (Barcelona; Anzoátegui State).

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, R; De Sousa, L; Devera, R; Jorquera, A; Ledezma, E

    1999-01-01

    In recent years, in addition to American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL), a significant number of cases of American visceral leishmaniasis (AVL) have been reported in periurban areas of Barcelona city (Anzoátegui State, Venezuela). We studied the bionomics of Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) evansi and Lutzomyia (Psychodopygus) panamensis, possible vectors of AVL and ACL, respectively, in El Rincón, a periurban village of that city. To evaluate the seasonal domiciliary landing/biting activity of sandflies on human bait, a house was chosen in El Rincón. Landing catches were carried out between 18:00 and 06:00, once a month for a year. The results show the presence of 2 species, Lu. (Lu.) evansi (89.9%) and Lu. (Psy.) panamensis (10.1%). Lu. evansi was most abundant in the months of October and July, associated with the bimodal cycle of annual rainfall in the area. Maximum landing/biting activity of Lu. evansi was observed at 24:00 and 03:00. These findings suggest that at this time of the year and at these hours there is heightened risk of the transmission of AVL. Lu. panamensis monthly abundance also shows a direct association with rainfall and maximum landing/biting activity was observed between 02:00 and 03:00. The lower domiciliary abundance of Lu. panamensis suggests its greater importance in the extradomiciliary transmission of ACL.

  6. Situational analysis of services for diabetes and diabetic retinopathy and evaluation of programs for the detection and treatment of diabetic retinopathy in India: Methods for the India 11-city 9-state study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. V. S. Murthy

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR is a leading cause of visual impairment in India. Available evidence shows that there are more than 60 million persons with diabetes in India and that the number will increase to more than a 100 million by 2030. There is a paucity of data on the perceptions and practices of persons with diabetes and the available infrastructure and uptake of services for DR in India. Objectives: Assess perception of care and challenges faced in availing eye care services among persons with diabetics and generate evidence on available human resources, infrastructure, and service utilization for DR in India. Methods: The cross-sectional, hospital-based survey was conducted in eleven cities across 9 States in India. In each city, public and private providers of eye-care were identified. Both multispecialty and standalone facilities were included. Specially designed semi-open ended questionnaires were administered to the clients. Semi-structured interviews were administered to the service providers (both diabetic care physicians and eye care teams and observational checklists were used to record findings of the assessment of facilities conducted by a dedicated team of research staff. Results: A total of 859 units were included in this study. This included 86 eye care and 73 diabetic care facilities, 376 persons with diabetes interviewed in the eye clinics and 288 persons with diabetes interviewed in the diabetic care facilities. Conclusions: The findings will have significant implications for the organization of services for persons with diabetes in India.

  7. Situational analysis of services for diabetes and diabetic retinopathy and evaluation of programs for the detection and treatment of diabetic retinopathy in India: Methods for the India 11-city 9-state study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murthy, G V S; Gilbert, Clare E; Shukla, Rajan; Vashist, Praveen; Shamanna, B R

    2016-04-01

    Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of visual impairment in India. Available evidence shows that there are more than 60 million persons with diabetes in India and that the number will increase to more than a 100 million by 2030. There is a paucity of data on the perceptions and practices of persons with diabetes and the available infrastructure and uptake of services for DR in India. Assess perception of care and challenges faced in availing eye care services among persons with diabetics and generate evidence on available human resources, infrastructure, and service utilization for DR in India. The cross-sectional, hospital-based survey was conducted in eleven cities across 9 States in India. In each city, public and private providers of eye-care were identified. Both multispecialty and standalone facilities were included. Specially designed semi-open ended questionnaires were administered to the clients. Semi-structured interviews were administered to the service providers (both diabetic care physicians and eye care teams) and observational checklists were used to record findings of the assessment of facilities conducted by a dedicated team of research staff. A total of 859 units were included in this study. This included 86 eye care and 73 diabetic care facilities, 376 persons with diabetes interviewed in the eye clinics and 288 persons with diabetes interviewed in the diabetic care facilities. The findings will have significant implications for the organization of services for persons with diabetes in India.

  8. A Crowded City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Over 4 million vehicles on road challenge Beijing’s city management Beijing, the city once known as the kingdom of bicycles, has become clogged with automobiles, the Beijing Municipal Government Publicity Office said on December 18.

  9. Build a Green City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUYING; HAOXUE

    2005-01-01

    MA'ANSHAN,dubbed ""City of Iron and Steel,""is on the south bank of the Yangtze River in eastern Anhui Province, bordering Jiangsu Province. One of the city's most impressive features is its clean environment.

  10. EU Smart City Governance

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carmela Gargiulo; Valentina Pinto; Floriana Zucaro

    2013-01-01

    .... The paper wants to outline which future EU draws for the city, through an integrated and contextual reading of addresses and strategies contained in the last documents, a future often suggested as Smart City...

  11. Relação usuária-profissional de saúde: experiência de uma mulher homossexual em uma unidade de saúde de referência de Fortaleza Relación usuaria-profesional de salud: experiencia de una mujer homosexual en una unidad de salud de referencia de Fortaleza The health professional-user relationship: experience of a homosexual woman in a renowned Fortaleza health unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alix Leite de Araújo

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available A relação usuária-profissional de saúde é essencial para a qualidade do atendimento, especialmente nos serviços de atenção à saúde da mulher, onde a abordagem da sexualidade deve ser objeto de considerada relevância. Tem-se como objetivo descrever a experiência vivenciada por uma mulher homossexual atendida em uma unidade de saúde. Desenvolveu-se um relato de experiência. Em virtude de a revelação da homossexualidade feminina não constituir prática comum nos serviços de saúde, optou-se por um estudo de caso mediante descrição da experiência de atendimento de uma mulher homossexual em uma unidade de saúde de referência de Fortaleza-CE no segundo semestre de 2004. Desenvolveu-se entrevista aberta com a seguinte pergunta norteadora: Fale-me da sua experiência com o atendimento na unidade de saúde. Os dados foram analisados utilizando-se duas categorias temáticas: O atendimento recebido na unidade e a comunicação com o profissional de saúde. Conforme se concluiu, foi possível iniciar uma reflexão sobre a fragilidade das relações interpessoais entre as mulheres homossexuais e os serviços de saúde. Apesar de estas terem acesso ao serviço via setor de ginecologia, o desenvolvimento do processo de comunicação é muito superficial e deixa de elucidar questões importantes do exercício da sexualidade, perdendo-se, conseqüentemente, a oportunidade de desenvolver um trabalho educativo na prevenção das DST e, inclusive, do HIV.La relación usuaria-profesional de salud es esencial para la calidad de la atención, especialmente en los servicios de atención a la salud de la mujer, donde el abordaje de la sexualidad debe ser objeto de considerable relevancia. Se tiene como objetivo describir la experiencia vivenciada por una mujer homosexual atendida en una unidad de salud. Se desarrolló un relato de experiencia. Como la revelación de la homosexualidad femenina no constituye una práctica común en los servicios de

  12. Intragroup Stigma Among Men Who Have Sex with Men: Data Extraction from Craigslist Ads in 11 Cities in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vansia, Dhrutika; Stephenson, Rob

    2016-01-01

    Background Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) regularly experience homophobic discrimination and stigma. While previous research has examined homophobic and HIV-related intergroup stigma originating from non-MSM directed at MSM, less is known about intragroup stigma originating from within MSM communities. While some research has examined intragroup stigma, this research has focused mostly on HIV-related stigma. Intragroup stigma may have a unique influence on sexual risk-taking behaviors as it occurs between sexual partners. Online sexual networking venues provide a unique opportunity to examine this type of stigma. Objective The purpose of this study is to examine the presence and patterns of various types of intragroup stigma represented in Men Seeking Men Craigslist sex ads. Methods Data were collected from ads on Craigslist sites from 11 of the 12 US metropolitan statistical areas with the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence. Two categories of data were collected: self-reported characteristics of the authors and reported biases in the ads. Chi-square tests were used to examine patterns of biases across cities and author characteristics. Results Biases were rarely reported in the ads. The most commonly reported biases were against men who were not “disease and drug free (DDF),” representing stigma against men living with HIV or a sexually transmitted infection. Patterns in bias reporting occurred across cities and author characteristics. There were no variations based on race, but ageism (mostly against older men) varied based on the ad author’s age and self-reported DDF status; bias against feminine gender expression varied based on self-reported sexual orientation; bias against “fat” men varied by self-reported DDF status; bias against “ugly” men varied by a self-report of being good-looking; and bias against people who do not have a DDF status varied based on self-reported HIV status and self-reported DDF status. Conclusions

  13. Revisiting city connectivity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mans, U.

    2014-01-01

    This article introduces a new perspective on city connectivity in order to analyze non-hub cities and their position in the world economy. The author revisits the different approaches discussed in the Global Commodity Chains (GCC), Global Production Networks (GPN) and World City Network (WCN) discou

  14. Imagineering the city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, M.; Paddison, R.; Hutton, T.

    2015-01-01

    Cities today are products. The urban experience is commodified into marketable items by urban entrepreneurs. Urban administrations, city marketers, politicians, local businesses and other actors all over the world are developing entrepreneurial strategies to sell their city. From "‘I ♥ New York"’ to

  15. The Creative Cities Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The Creative Cities Network, started by UNESCO in 2004, is one of the world’s highest-level non-governmental organizations in creative industry. The network focuses on the excellence of its member cities as its main product, and finds ways to maintain relevance in city life, local economy

  16. The oral health status of institutionalized children that is, Juvenile home and orphanage home run by Gujarat state Government, in Vadodara city with that of normal school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ankita Gaur

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dental Caries and Periodontal Diseases are widespread and virtually everybody suffers from them, and in global scenario dental caries are the most prevalent oral diseases among children. Observation home serve as temporary holding facilities of juvenile and orphans who are arrested by police or found to be living in neglected. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate oral health status (caries prevalence, dmft, DMF, OHI index of the institutionalized children that is, juvenile home, orphanage home run by Gujarat Government in Vadodara city with that of normal school children. Design: Cross-sectional study was conducted among the 166 children residing in juvenile and orphanage home with 384 school children. Results: The prevalence of dental caries was higher among the school going children (62.12% with juvenile group having (52.4% but the oral hygiene was poor among the juvenile group children with respect to those of school going group. Conclusion: It is concluded from the present study that juvenile group children had lower caries prevalence but poor oral hygiene status in contrast to school going children.

  17. Metabolic syndrome in overweight children from the city of Botucatu - São Paulo State - Brazil: agreement among six diagnostic criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinaldi Ana

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The metabolic syndrome has been described in children; however, a standard criterion has not been established for its diagnosis. Also, few studies have been conducted to specifically observe the possible existence of agreement among the existing diagnostic criteria. The purpose of the study is to evaluate agreement concerning prevalence rates of the metabolic syndrome diagnosed by six different criteria in overweight schoolchildren in the city of Botucatu - SP -Brazil. Methods This is a cross-sectional study on 128 overweight schoolchildren. Clinical examination included anthropometry, pubertal staging evaluation, and blood pressure. Triacylglycerol, glycemia, HDL-cholesterol, insulin levels, and HOMA-IR were determined. The Kappa index, the Mann-Whitney test and the chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome varied from 10 to 16.5% according to different diagnostic criteria. Results were similar for boys and girls and pubertal stage. Great agreement was observed among the six different diagnostic criteria for the metabolic syndrome. Conclusions Different diagnostic criteria, when adopted for subjects with similar demographic characteristics, generate similar and compatible prevalence. Results suggest that it is possible to adopt any of the analyzed criteria, and the choice should be according to the components available for each situation.

  18. The Connotation of Freedom Under the City-State System of Ancient Greece%古希腊城邦制度下的“自由”内涵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵昀晖

    2012-01-01

    The City-State system established by ancient Greece,is the origin of modern democratic po-litics.And the establishment of freedom of thoughts and freedom of speech under this system is the great contribution to the world civilization.This article tries to discuss how the ancient Greek especially the Athens defined"freedom".%古希腊人建立的城邦制度,是现代民主政治的起源。在这种制度下建立的思想和言论自由,是古希腊人对文明的一个极大贡献。本文从不同的侧面论述古希腊人特别是雅典人对"自由"的定义,从不同层次探讨古希腊人城邦制度下"自由"的内涵。

  19. ASPECTOS ECOLÓGICOS DA COMUNIDADE DE PARASITOS EMDUAS ESPÉCIES DE LORICARIIDAE DA BACIA IGARAPÉ FORTALEZA, ESTADO DO AMAPÁ, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raissa Alves Gonçalves

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Os parasitos têm sido reconhecidos como importantes componentes dos ecossistemas. Esses usam o ambiente para a sua transmissão e podem infectar diversas espécies de peixe no ecossistema. O presente estudo investigou a ecologia parasitária em Squaliforma emarginata e Harttia duriventris da bacia Igarapé Fortaleza, região de Macapá, estado do Amapá, Norte do Brasil. Para ambos os peixes houve similar nível de infecção por Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ciliophora, parasito dominante e com dispersão agregada. Spironucleus sp. (Hexamitidae ocorreu somente nas brânquias de H. duriventris, enquanto Trinigyrus mourei (Monogenoidea e Procamallanus inopinatus (Camallanidae foram encontrados somente S. emarginata. O índice de Brillouin, riqueza de espécies de parasitos, uniformidade e dominância de Berger-Parker foram maiores em S. emarginata, mas paraambos os hospedeiros a comunidade parasitária foi caracterizada por baixa diversidade e baixa uniformidade. Em H. duriventris e S. emarginata, o baixo parasitismo não afetou o fator de condição relativo (Kn dos hospedeiros. Em S. emarginata houve correlação positiva da abundância de I. multifiliis com o comprimento, peso e Kn dos hospedeiros,enquanto que em H. druventris somente o peso e Kn mostram correlação com a abundância desse ciliado. Este foi o primeiro registro de I. multifiliis, Spironucleus sp. e P.inopinatus para H. duriventris e S. emarginata. Palavras-chave: Amazônia, Diversidade, Parasitos, Peixes de água doce, Metazoários. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18561/2179-5746/biotaamazonia.v4n1p15-21

  20. RELAÇÃO ENTRE IDADE E CAPACIDADE FUNCIONAL DE IDOSAS RESIDENTES EM INSTITUIÇÕES DE LONGA PERMANÊNCIA NA CIDADE DE FORTALEZA/CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darling Kescia Araújo Peixoto Braga

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: O envelhecimento gera desgastes fisiológicos próprios. O sistema de valores socioculturais ocidentais e a atual configuração dos arranjos familiares associados aumenta a institucionalização de idosos, que pela fragilidade podem ter déficits na execução das atividades básicas de vida diária (ABVD's e cognição. Objetivo: Avaliar o desempenho nas ABVD, considerando a faixa etária de mulheres idosas residentes em duas Instituições de Longa Permanência para Idosos (ILPI´s na cidade de Fortaleza/CE. Métodos: Estudo seccional, realizado no período de Outubro a Dezembro de 2013 através de um censo com 24 idosas residentes em duas ILPI's. A coleta de dados foi realizada em duas etapas: formulário com caracterização da amostra e o questionário de ABVD de Barthel. Resultados: A amostra possui idade média de 80,04 anos (± 7,91; mín, = 65,0 e máx. = 90,0, eram solteira (66,6%, com baixa escolaridade (33,3% analfabetas e 33,3% com primário completo, procedentes do interior do Estado (58,3% e residiam na instituição há menos de cinco anos (58,3%. O Índice de Barthel revelou que a maioria (75% eram independentes para a realização das ABVDs, sem influenciada da faixa etária. Conclusão: As idosas residentes nas ILPI apresentam independência funcional nas ABVD e sem influência da idade.

  1. DESMAME PRECOCE: VIVENCIA ENTRE MÃES ATENDIDAS EM UNIDADE BÁSICA DE SAÚDE EM FORTALEZA-CEARÁ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MÔNICA PINHEIRO ANDRADE

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudio cuyo objetivo fue caracterizar el perfil socio-económico, cuestiones problemáticas y actitudes de madres que desmamaron precozmente sus hijos atendidos en la Unidad Básica de Salud en Fortaleza-Ceará, entre junio/agosto/2007. Estudio descriptivo, ex- ploratorio, con planteo cuantitativo, cuyas participantes fueron cincuenta madres con hijos menores de un año. Como resultado, se obtuvo: el 58% mayor de 25 años de edad; el 46% con enseñanza secundaria; el 82% hizo prenatal; el 54% primíparas; el 66% no trabajaba; el 64% renta baja; el 54% parto por cesárea; el 66% recibió orientación; el 38% por medio de la enfermera; el 54% amamantó hasta los seis meses y protege contra las enfermedades; el 22% ofrecer solamente leche materna y formación del pezón; al 46% les gusta amamantar; el 52% dificultad en la práctica, el 78% dudas en la técnica; el 88% bebito crece sano. Se concluye que aunque la mayoría de esas mujeres considere la leche materna como la mejor opción de alimento para el niño, desmamaron precozmente. De esta forma, se observa que informaciones recibidas sobre el tiempo indicado para amamantar exclusivamente y su importancia para el bebito, no parecen ser bastante para llegar a una práctica adecuada.

  2. Dentes da desigualdade: marcas bucais da experiência vivida na pobreza pela comunidade do Dendê, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Pelúcio Moreira

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo antropológico investiga a experiência vivida das doenças bucais no contexto da pobreza no Nordeste brasileiro. Durante seis meses em 2004, foram conduzidas entrevistas etnográficas, narrativas e observação participante com 31 moradores do Dendê, comunidade de baixa renda em Fortaleza, Ceará, analisadas pelo método hermenêutico-dialético. Revelou-se que as precárias condições de vida dificultam priorizar o cuidado em saúde. Embora sofram da dor dentária, ir ao dentista é percebido com um luxo, não um direto do cidadão. O difícil acesso ao serviço e restauração de má qualidade, favorecem a extração dentária como mais resolutiva. A deterioração da saúde bucal é lamentada pelos moradores que buscam ajuda de clínicas populares, políticos e curandeiros. A experiência da doença dentária diferencia de acordo com a classe, deixa marcas bucais da iniqüidade e prejudica a auto-estima e inclusão social. "Tratar" os dentes da desigualdade nesse contexto exige aprofundar a compreensão dos determinantes sociais da saúde, reduzir injustiças no acesso aos serviços de qualidade, remover estigmas que desmoralizam e fortalecer a viva voz da comunidade frente às forças estruturais que afetam sua vida.

  3. Avaliação farmacognostica e da rotulagem das drogas vegetais boldo-do-chile (Peumus boldus Molina e camomila (Matricaria recutita L. comercializadas em Fortaleza, CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.P. SOARES

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Boldo-do-chile (Peumus boldus e camomila (Matricaria recutita são plantas empregadas na fitoterapia principalmente para o tratamento de desordens hepáticas e intestinais, atuando também como anti-inflamatório e antiespasmódico, respectivamente. Por isso, o presente trabalho objetivou avaliar a qualidade farmacognostica dessas drogas vegetais comercializadas em Fortaleza (CE, além das informações de suas rotulagens. Quarenta e duas amostras de boldo, e quarenta e cinco amostras de camomila, procedentes de farmácias, de lojas de produtos naturais e de bancas de raizeiros, foram analisadas quanto à autenticidade, à pureza e às informações contidas na rotulagem desses produtos conforme legislação vigente. Na verificação de impurezas, 35,7% das amostras de boldo e 57,7% das amostras de camomila excederam o teor máximo de matéria estranha; no teor de cinzas totais, 33,3% das amostras de boldo foram reprovadas; rotulagens das amostras de boldo (100% e de camomila (96,6% apresentaram erros ou ausência de informações. Os resultados das análises confirmam, portanto, a necessidade urgente de melhor fiscalização e intervenção na produção e venda dessas e de outras drogas vegetais para adequação às normas vigentes.

  4. AIDS em crianças: a influência dos diferenciais socioeconômicos no Município de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emeline Moura Lopes

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se analisar a relação entre casos de AIDS em crianças e características socioeconômicas de bairros de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. Estudo ecológico descritivo, cujos dados socioeconômicos foram obtidos do Censo Demográfico de 2010 e os de AIDS em crianças referentes ao período de 2001 a 2011 no Sistema de Notificação de Agravos. Realizou-se análise de correlação de Pearson e utilizou-se o índice de Moran para verificar a autocorrelação espacial. Adotou-se o modelo multinomial para identificar clusters. Verificou-se 57,8% das crianças do sexo masculino. Em 18,8% das crianças o diagnóstico ocorreu após os dois anos de idade. Observou-se correlação espacial positiva dos casos de AIDS em crianças em relação à renda (I = 0,6; p = 0,001 e à proporção de pobres (I = 0,5; p = 0,001. Os bairros com essa caracterização estão localizados principalmente ao noroeste e sudoeste da cidade. A correlação espacial dos casos de AIDS em crianças com os indicadores socioeconômicos evidencia a necessidade de intervenções voltadas à saúde e melhoria das condições de vida.

  5. Heterocontrole da fluoretação das águas em três cidades no Piauí, Brasil Monitoring water fluoridation in three cities in Piauí State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiene Saibrosa da Silva

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi monitorar as concentrações de flúor na água de abastecimento público de Teresina, Floriano e Parnaíba, municípios do Piauí, Brasil. A coleta das amostras foi mensal por um período de um ano entre 2004 e 2005. Selecionaram-se aleatoriamente seis pontos de coleta de amostras de água em cada um dos três municípios, totalizando 576 amostras, sendo 192 por cidade. As análises de flúor foram realizadas em duplicata, utilizando-se um eletrodo específico. Os resultados demonstraram que a maioria da amostras ficou abaixo da concentração de flúor ideal e apenas 4,3% (n = 25 das amostras coletadas apresentaram valores aceitáveis de flúor (0,60 a 0,80ppm. Por cidade, o percentual de amostras aceitáveis foi de 7,8% (n = 15, 4,7% (n = 9 e 0,5% (n = 1 para Teresina, Floriano e Parnaíba, respectivamente. Conclui-se que as concentrações de flúor na água de abastecimento público das cidades avaliadas estão abaixo do ideal e que existe a necessidade de implantar medidas de controle e heterocontrole permanentes para garantir a eficácia da fluoretação de águas no Estado do Piauí.This study aimed to monitor the fluoride concentration in the public water supply in Teresina, Floriano, and Parnaíba, Piauí State, Brazil. Samples were collected monthly for one year between 2004 and 2005. Six sites in each city were randomly selected for water sampling (total n = 576, 192 in each city. Fluoride assays were performed in duplicate, using a specific electrode. Most samples were below the optimum fluoride concentration, and only 4.3% (n = 25 presented acceptable values (0.60-0.80ppm. Acceptable samples totaled 7.8% (n = 15, 4.7% (n = 9, and 0.5% (n = 1 in Teresina, Floriano, and Parnaíba, respectively. By conclusion, fluoride levels in the public water supply in the three cities were below the optimum concentration, and a permanent surveillance system is thus needed to guarantee effective water fluoridation in

  6. Me, the City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Lidin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The search for identity of cities looks rather urgent and attracts attention of many researchers. Addressing this issue, the article draws an analogy between a human person and a city. Like a city, a human being needs to comprehend his self-identity in order to resist depressive tendencies. It is shown that a person’s depressive symptoms are similar to those of cities. The city identity necessary to resist depression can be searched for both historically and geographically. The historical aspect consists of local myths and legends about the city and the citizens. The geographical aspect of identity comprises features of the terrain, climate, flora and fauna of the region where the city is located.

  7. Cities as development drivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnson, Bjørn; Poulsen, Tjalfe; Hansen, Jens Aage

    2011-01-01

    There is a strong connection between economic growth and development of cities. Economic growth tends to stimulate city growth, and city economies have often shaped innovative environments that in turn support economic growth. Simultaneously, social and environmental problems related to city growth...... can be serious threats to the realization of the socio-economic contributions that cities can make. However, as a result of considerable diversity of competences combined with interactive learning and innovation, cities may also solve these problems. The ‘urban order’ may form a platform...... for innovative problem solving and potential spill-over effects, which may stimulate further economic growth and development. This paper discusses how waste problems of cities can be transformed to become part of new, more sustainable solutions. Two cases are explored: Aalborg in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden...

  8. Prevalence of intestinal parasites in relation to CD4 counts and anaemia among HIV-infected patients in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akinbo, Frederick O; Okaka, Christopher E; Omoregie, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Parasitic infections continue to take their toll on HIV positive patients by influencing the blood qualitatively and quantitatively. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in relation to anaemia and CD4 counts among HIV-infected patients in Benin City, Nigeria. Using a serial sampling method, a total of 2000 HIV-infected patients were recruited on their first visit prior to highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital from August 2007 to August 2009. Stool and blood samples were collected from each patient. The stool samples were processed using the modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining technique to microscopically identify the oocysts of Cryptosporidium species, Isospora belli, Cyclospora species and spores of Microsporidium species while saline and iodine preparations were used for identifying the ova, cysts and parasites of Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm, Taenia spp and other parasites. The blood specimens were equally analyzed using the flow cytometry for CD4+ T-lymphocyte count and autoanalyzer - sysmex kx - 21 for haemoglobin concentration. The overall prevalence of anaemia was 93.3% while 18% had parasitic infections. There was a significant relationship between CD4 count <200cells/microL and anaemia (P<0.0001). Cryptosporidium species (P= 0.005), A. lumbricoides (P=0.035), hookworm and Taenia species (P=0.014) were associated with anaemia. Anaemia was associated with CD4 count while Cryptosporidium species, Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm and Taenia species were the intestinal parasitic agents associated with anaemia. In conclusion the prevalence of anaemia in HIV-infected patients is high low CD4 count is a significant risk factor of acquiring anaemia. Except for isosporiasis, cryptosporidiosis, A. lumbricoides, hookworm and Taenia species in HIV infected individuals are parasitic agents associated with anaemia. Routine screening for intestinal parasites and

  9. Low-carbon infrastructure strategies for cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, C. A.; Ibrahim, N.; Hoornweg, D.

    2014-05-01

    Reducing greenhouse gas emissions to avert potentially disastrous global climate change requires substantial redevelopment of infrastructure systems. Cities are recognized as key actors for leading such climate change mitigation efforts. We have studied the greenhouse gas inventories and underlying characteristics of 22 global cities. These cities differ in terms of their climates, income, levels of industrial activity, urban form and existing carbon intensity of electricity supply. Here we show how these differences in city characteristics lead to wide variations in the type of strategies that can be used for reducing emissions. Cities experiencing greater than ~1,500 heating degree days (below an 18 °C base), for example, will review building construction and retrofitting for cold climates. Electrification of infrastructure technologies is effective for cities where the carbon intensity of the grid is lower than ~600 tCO2e GWh-1 whereas transportation strategies will differ between low urban density (~6,000 persons km-2) cities. As nation states negotiate targets and develop policies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, attention to the specific characteristics of their cities will broaden and improve their suite of options. Beyond carbon pricing, markets and taxation, governments may develop policies and target spending towards low-carbon urban infrastructure.

  10. CITY LOGISTICS – STATUS AND TRENDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Snežana Tadić

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available City logistics aims to increase the efficiency and mitigate the negative effects of logistics processes and activities, and at the same time support the sustainable development of the urban areas. Major European and national research projects, undertaken from the end of the last century onwards, indicate that the state of the urban area logistics is quite critical. The situation requires a comprehensive analysis and active participation of the authorities and companies in order to solve the growing problems and define the sustainable solutions which would encourage the economic development and improve the living conditions in the city. In order to make logistics activities less routine, and thereby more efficient, many initiatives have been launched, especially in the terms of environmental impact and service quality. However, the changes are slow and environmental trends are setting new challenges. The main problem is the lack of planning activities and comprehensive and long term policy of city logistics. Decisions of city planners are often inadequate, without the analysis of existing situation and interaction of city logistics and complex socio-economic system of the city and its surrounding, without research and studies of different measures and impacts on the overall city logistics system. This article presented the current situation and trends in the implementation of logistics chains within the urban areas in order to highlight the complexity of solving the problems of a complex city logistics system.

  11. Shell occupation and microhabitat use by hermit crabs (Decapoda: Anomura on Fortaleza beach, Ubatuba, São Paulo

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    Giuliano Buzá Jacobucci

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Most species of hermit crabs use the empty shells of gastropods as mobile shelters. The variation of shell availability in different microhabitats can reduce competitive interactions between sympatric species, favoring their coexistence. This work aimed to characterize the occupation of gastropod shells by three species of hermit crabs, and assessing the availability of shells and evaluating the use of microhabitats crabs and gastropods in an infralitoral area on the north coast of São Paulo state. For this purpose, transect lines were established and all hermit crabs, gastropods and empty shells found were collected, recording the type of microhabitat used. In a sub-sample, the hermit crabs were identified and classified into reproductive categories. The shells used by the crabs were identified and evaluated according to physical damage and incrustation. Three species of hermit crabs (Paguristes tortugae, Pagurus brevidactylus and Pagurus criniticornis were recorded, using 15 species of gastropod shells and one of scaphopod (Dentalium sp.. Physical damage and incrustation of shells were significantly different among the hermit crab species. Considering microhabitat use, P. tortugae and P. brevidactylus were mainly found in calcareous algae, while P. criniticornis mainly occurred in sand substrate. Despite the differences in shell and microhabitat use, the high resource overlap, especially by the pagurids, indicates that competitive interactions are important regulatory factors for these populations.

  12. The Development of Public art and City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王章华

    2008-01-01

    Public art may promote the image and inner culture of the city,build and accumulate the gentle pulse of history and the cultural atmosphere,make public environment serve the people better,meet modern demand more to whom spirit enjoy.How are the whole development, cultural inside information,living standard of a city,can be embodied through the state of development of observing its public all at first,public art and development of the city complement each other.

  13. Frequency and enzymatic activity of Candida albicans isolated from the oral cavity of HIV-positive patients at Fortaleza, Ceará Freqüência e atividade enzimática de Candida albicans isolado da cavidade oral de pacientes HIV-positivos em Fortaleza, Ceará

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Everardo Albuquerque Menezes

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Candida albicans and other species are usually involved in opportunistic infections in patients with acquired immunological deficiency syndrome (AIDS. The virulence mechanisms by which this yeast expresses its pathogenicity include adherence patterns, ability to form pseudomycelia and production of extracellular enzymes, among others. The objective of this research was to verify the frequency of Candida and the production of proteinase and phospholipase in 52 strains of Candida albicans from the oral cavity of patients infected by HIV treated at Hospital São José, AIDS reference and training center in Fortaleza, Ceará. Samples were collected of patients, with or without oral lesions characteristic of candidosis. From 100 patients, 80% presented positivity for Candida: 65% (52 were identified as C. albicans, 27.5% (22 as C. tropicalis, 2.5% (2 as C. glabrata, 2.5% (2 as C. krusei and 2.5% (2 as C. guilliermondii. Among the strains of C. albicans isolated from the oral cavity, proteinase and phospholipase were detected in 69.2% and 73%, respectively. The results suggested that C. albicans was the most frequent species observed, with intermediate expression of proteinase and phospholipase.Candida albicans e outras espécies são usualmente envolvidas em infecções de pacientes com a síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida (AIDS. Os mecanismos de virulência pelos quais a levedura expressa sua patogenicidade incluem padrões de aderência, habilidade por formar pseudomicélio, produção de enzimas extracelulares e outros. O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a freqüência de Candida e a produção de proteinase e fosfolipase em 52 cepas de Candida albicans da cavidade oral de pacientes infectados pelo HIV atendidos no Hospital São José, hospital de referência e centro de treinamento em AIDS em Fortaleza, Ceará. Neste trabalho foram coletadas amostras de pacientes com ou sem lesões características de candidose. Dos cem pacientes 80

  14. A Sound Engine for Virtual Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, Shih-Han,; Le Prado, Cécile,; Natkin, Stéphane; Tiger, Guillaume

    2010-01-01

    International audience; This paper is a position paper to specify and implement a general-purpose sound engine for virtual cities. The work is motivated by the project Terra Dynamica funded by the French government. We present a state of the art of the virtual urban sound spaces emphasizing various types of virtual cities and their relationships to auditory space. We then discuss the choice of a sound engine, sound spatialization and scene description languages as ongoing works.

  15. Co-infection of hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients in New York City, United States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jong Hun Kim; George Psevdos Jr; Jin Suh; Victoria Lee Sharp

    2008-01-01

    AIM:To study the prevalence and risk factors associated with triple infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis B virus (HBV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) in an urban clinic population.METHODS:Retrospective chart review of 5639 patients followed at St.Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital HIV Clinic (Center for Comprehensive Care) in New York City,USA from January 1999 to May 2007.The following demographic characteristics were analyzed:age,sex,race and HIV risk factors.A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the influence of demographic factors on acquisition of these viruses.RESULTS:HIV/HBV,HIV/HCV and HIV/HBV/HCVinfections were detected in 252/5639 (4.47%),1411/5639 (25.02%) and 89/5639 (1.58%) patients,respectively.HIV/HBV co-infections were associated with male gender (OR 1.711; P=0.005),black race (OR 2.091; P < 0.001),men having sex with men (MSM)(OR 1.747; P=0.001),intravenous drug use (IDU) (OR 0.114; P < 0.001),IDU and heterosexual activity (OR 0.247; P=0.018),or unknown (OR 1.984; P=0.004).HIV/HCV co-infections were associated with male gender (OR 1.241; P=0.011),black race (OR 0.788;P=0.036),MSM(OR 0.565; P < 0.001),IDU (OR 8.956;P < 0.001),IDU and heterosexual activity (OR 9.106;P < 0.001),IDU and MSM (OR 9.179; P < 0.001),or transfusion (OR 3.224; P < 0.001).HIV/HBV/HCV coinfections were associated with male gender (OR 2.156;P=0.015),IDU (OR 6.345; P < 0.001),IDU and heterosexual activity (OR 9.731; P < 0.001),IDU and MSM (OR 9.228; P < 0.001),or unknown (OR 4.219;P=0.007).CONCLUSION:Our study demonstrates that coinfection with HBV/HCV/HIV is significantly associated with IDU.These results highlight the need to intensify education and optimal models of integrated care,particularly for populations with IDU,to reduce the risk of viral transmission.

  16. Turkey: distribution of cities and change over time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dokmeci, V F

    1986-01-01

    Patterns of urbanization in Turkey from 1945 to 1975 are examined, with emphasis on the analysis of rank-size patterns. Attention is given to changes over time in the national rank-size distribution of cities, the growth rates of new cities, and the rank-size distribution of cities in various regions. "In general, the patterns of distribution of cities in Turkey are quite regular when compared with other developing countries. Since 1945 the city system has moved to a state more adjusted to the rank-size rule, paralleling the economic development of the country." excerpt

  17. Fortalezas y limitaciones con relación a los métodos empleados en la enseñanza y aprendizaje del inglés en escuelas públicas: un estudio de casos

    OpenAIRE

    Navarro Ramírez, Dunnia; Piñeiro Ruíz, Milagro

    2011-01-01

    El siguiente artículo presenta los resultados obtenidos de una investigación realizada con docentes de inglés en escuelas públicas de la Dirección Regional de Educación de San Ramón, Alajuela, Costa Rica, específicamente once docentes de las Direcciones D1 y D5. La investigación se apoya en un estudio de casos, sustentado en el paradigma cualitativo. El objetivo fundamental fue determinar las fortalezas y limitaciones en relación con el conocimiento de la teoría de los métodos utilizados para...

  18. Factores socioculturales que influyen en la práctica de la lactancia entre mujeres de baja renta en Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. Una perspectiva a partir del modelo del sol naciente de Leininger.

    OpenAIRE

    Henry, Beth A.; Nicolau, Ana I.O.; Américo, Camila F.; Ximenes, Lorena B.; Bernheim, Ruth G.; Oriá, Mónica OB.

    2010-01-01

    Esta investigación fue desarrollada para analizar los factores socioculturales que pueden influir en la práctica de la lactancia entre mujeres de baja renta en Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. Este estudio de observación utilizó la Teoría del Cuidado Cultural de Leininger para identificar y analizar los factores socioculturales clave. El estudio involucró a 12 gestantes y nodrizas. Usando un formulario de observación creado de acuerdo con el modelo del Sol Naciente (Leininger), fueron llevadas a cab...

  19. City Carbon Footprint Networks

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    Guangwu Chen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Progressive cities worldwide have demonstrated political leadership by initiating meaningful strategies and actions to tackle climate change. However, the lack of knowledge concerning embodied greenhouse gas (GHG emissions of cities has hampered effective mitigation. We analyse trans-boundary GHG emission transfers between five Australian cities and their trading partners, with embodied emission flows broken down into major economic sectors. We examine intercity carbon footprint (CF networks and disclose a hierarchy of responsibility for emissions between cities and regions. Allocations of emissions to households, businesses and government and the carbon efficiency of expenditure have been analysed to inform mitigation policies. Our findings indicate that final demand in the five largest cities in Australia accounts for more than half of the nation’s CF. City households are responsible for about two thirds of the cities’ CFs; the rest can be attributed to government and business consumption and investment. The city network flows highlight that over half of emissions embodied in imports (EEI to the five cities occur overseas. However, a hierarchy of GHG emissions reveals that overseas regions also outsource emissions to Australian cities such as Perth. We finally discuss the implications of our findings on carbon neutrality, low-carbon city concepts and strategies and allocation of subnational GHG responsibility.

  20. Cities Changing Diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Astrid Ledgaard; Andersen, Gregers Stig; Jørgensen, Marit Eika

    The Rule of Halves (RoH), stating that half of those with diabetes are diagnosed, half of those diagnosed receive care, half of those receiving care achieve treatment targets, and finally that half of those achieving targets also achieve desired outcomes, has not previously been assessed for diab......The Rule of Halves (RoH), stating that half of those with diabetes are diagnosed, half of those diagnosed receive care, half of those receiving care achieve treatment targets, and finally that half of those achieving targets also achieve desired outcomes, has not previously been assessed...... for diabetes in Copenhagen. As part of the quantitative mapping phase of the Cities Changing Diabetes project in Copenhagen, a RoH analysis was conducted. The results of this analysis are summarized below. The figure shows that the ‘Halves’ rule does not generally apply for Copenhagen. On most of the levels......, Copenhagen is doing better than simple halves. For example, the results indicate that almost three quarters of the true diabetes population are diagnosed and that almost all of those diagnosed with diabetes receive some form of care. Although the analysis indicates that Copenhagen is doing better than...