WorldWideScience

Sample records for force information operations

  1. Organizing Joint Forces for Information Operations: The Viability of a Joint Force Information Operations Component Commander

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Seinwill, Jeffrey

    1999-01-01

    ...) as the best way to integrate information operations (IO) into joint forces. Though attractive on the surface, detailed investigation demonstrates that the JFIOCC is not a viable structure for joint force IO...

  2. Organizing for Information Operations Within The Joint Task Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McLaughlin, Lawrence

    2003-01-01

    .... Joint doctrine defines information operations as a broad range of capabilities and related activities that include operations security, psychological operations, electronic warfare, physical attack...

  3. Operating force information on-line acquisition of a novel slave manipulator for vascular interventional surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yan; Guo, Shuxiang; Xiao, Nan; Wang, Yuxin; Li, Youxiang; Jiang, Yuhua

    2018-04-02

    Vascular interventional surgery has its advantages compared to traditional operation. Master-slave robotic technology can further improve the operation accuracy, efficiency and safety of this complicated and high risk surgery. However, on-line acquisition of operating force information of catheter and guidewire remains to be a significant obstacle on the path to enhancing robotic surgery safety. Thus, a novel slave manipulator is proposed in this paper to realize on-line sensing of guidewire torsional operating torque and axial operation force during robotic assisted operations. A strain sensor is specially designed to detect the small scale torsional operation torque with low rotational frequency. Additionally, the axial operating force is detected via a load cell, which is incorporated into a sliding mechanism to eliminate the influence of friction. For validation, calibration and performance evaluation experiments are conducted. The results indicate that the proposed operation torque and force detection device is effective. Thus, it can provide the foundation for enabling accurate haptic feedback to the surgeon to improve surgical safety.

  4. Mobile Geospatial Information Systems for Land Force Operations: Analysis of Operational Needs and Research Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Task Analysis ( HTA ), Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA) Military battlefield awareness, wayfind*, terrain navigation, route guidance, reconnaissance...where specific attention was paid to how the device met the military operational tasks and physical and technical considerations. The information...location as well as separating different geographical features on mobile GIS systems. In military settings, much attention , training and

  5. Flattening of Sustainment: The Interaction of Technology, Information, Force Structure, and the Emergence of Operational Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-21

    respective theaters. The ballet between the combatant commands, the generating force, and the requirement of operations to maximize the greatest amount...based on the logistics failures of the campaign. 18John J. McGrath, The Brigade: A History ; Its Organization and Employment in the United States Army...of Military History 55, no. 1 (January 1991): 39. http://www.jstor.org/stable/ 1986127?seq=1. 15 Corps, Division, and Brigade trains and movement

  6. The Role of Special Operations Forces in Information Warfare: Enablers, Not Cyber Warriors

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Edgar, Jeffry

    2000-01-01

    ... (IW) - is not unique to SOF. Conventional forces also execute IW. As a result, SOF runs the risk of losing its unique character as it tries to assume a role that conventional forces can fulfill...

  7. The Air Force Air Program and Information Management System (APIMS): A flexible tool for managing your Title V Operating Permits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weston, A.A.; Gordon, S.R.

    1999-07-01

    The Air Force Command Core System (CCS) is an integrated, activity-based risk management system designed to support the information needs of Environment, Safety, and Occupational Health (ESOH) professionals. These professionals are responsible for managing a complex and often dynamic set of requirements, and therefore, have a need for an information system that can readily be customized to meet their specific needs. This dynamic environment also drives the need for flexibility in the system. The Air Program Information Management System (APIMS) is a module within CCS designed to not only manage permit compliance and emission inventories, but also support the monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements related to air quality issues. This paper will describe the underlying foundation of CCS, the information linkages within the database, and then summarize the functionality available within the APIMS module to support the Air Quality Managers' information needs, placing emphasis on the flexibility the system provides to manage Title V Operating Permits.

  8. Forging Norwegian Special Operation Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    from the perception of public discourse over the past two years. As members of the Norwegian Special Operation Forces, we also have some first- hand ...values to new members and, at the same time and given new contexts, reaffirm those values to old hands .140 This, as Schein points out, is one key to an...delegeres så ansatte kan handle på egen hånd. 12 Involvement Capability Development The "bench strenght " (capability of people) is constantly improving

  9. Big Blue Arrows: Lines of Information and the Transformation Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Viall, Kenneth

    2001-01-01

    .... Since future forces expect information superiority, the monograph seeks to determine whether future transformation forces can apply the lessons of history to better focus information support during operational maneuver...

  10. The Fourth Factor: The Case for Parity of "Information" as an Operational Factor With Space, Time & Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Moore, Christopher S

    2008-01-01

    Operational Art as defined in U.S. Joint Doctrine is an accepted process for use by operational commanders to visualize how to most efficiently and effectively employ military capabilities to achieve a desired objective...

  11. Developing a knowledge system for information operations

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Leenen, L

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available and to defend one’s own interests. Corporations, governments, and military forces are facing increasing exposure to strategic information-based actions. Most national defence and security organisations regard Information Operations as both a defensive...

  12. Army Forces for Operations Other Than War

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sortor, Ronald

    1997-01-01

    ... contingencies influence the readiness and availability of Army forces to deploy to an MRC? We examine OOTW missions performed by the Army since 1975 and plans for possible future operations in order to define force requirements for OOTW...

  13. Information Operations: Where Next?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Buchholz, David R

    2005-01-01

    ... to standardized IO training and integration across the combatant commands. For this reason and others there is a compelling argument for the major responsibility for DoD information operations integration to fall under the control of U.S...

  14. Information Operations: Where Next?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Buchholz, David R

    2005-01-01

    ... (DoD) information operations. Doctrine already addresses the issue of combatant commander responsibility for ensuring that IO is planned and executed in the respective commands, but an IO vacuum exists with respect...

  15. Information Operations Primer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    recognized the importance of strategic communication at the theater level in Veracruz in 1847. Realizing the influence of the Catholic Church on...Mexican society, Scott attended Mass with his staff at the Veracruz Cathedral to display the respect of U.S. forces. He further ordered U.S. soldiers to...operate freely in cyberspace. Data processing speeds and digital storage media continue to grow exponentially with competitive markets that drive sales

  16. Protecting the Homeland Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Defensive Information Operations. 2000 Summer Study. Volume II

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-01

    network for a day. But information warriors aspire to much more. Some believe network attacks will soon be able to cause death and chaos across the...complicated by the fact that some terms arrive on the scene laden with semiotic baggage. For example, "monitoring," means one thing to the National...attacks are anonymous - or at least deniable. Furthermore, some knowledgeable people believe network attacks will soon be able to cause deaths and

  17. Special Operations Forces and Conventional Forces: Integration, Interoperability, and Interdependence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-07

    commanding general of the 4th Infantry Division (ID), had a short meeting with incoming and outgoing special operations leadership. The topic: how...like in the opening days of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan . U.S. forces were not always open to this sort of synergy, but the last 15...capability to work well together in large-scale military operations, such as in Afghanistan , where they conducted village sta- bility operations and built

  18. Achieving Information Superiority Using Hastily Formed Networks and Emerging Technologies for the Royal Thai Armed Forces Counterinsurgency Operations in Southern Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    carried out mostly in remote villages while RTARF forces conduct escort missions to protect teachers and Buddhist 12 monks (Abuza, 2011, p. 6). However...security, village stabilization operations, protection detail for Buddhist monks and teachers and overall restoration of law and order. The RTARF force...the official census conducted in 2000. The vast majority of the Thai population is Buddhist , while Thai- Muslims represent just 4.5% of the

  19. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Special Operations Forces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    is the result of a research projec tproviding international interdisciplinary perspectives on special operations forces, based on three main themes: - Leading and organizing for strategic effect - Professional entrepreneurship and self-perceptions in special operations forces - Political and popular perceptions......Special operations forces have been characterized as uniquely suited to match the current security environment of increasingly diverse complex, and dynamic threats. With the Danish Defense Agreement of 2014, Denmark joined the ranks of some of its closest allies and established a Special Operations...... Command to oversee the development and deployment of Danish special operations. Yet, how exactly should Western special operations develop to stay abreast with evolving threats and which possibilities and challenges come with the establishment of dedicated special operations commands? This anthology...

  20. Royal Danish Air Force. Air Operations Doctrine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørby, Søren

    This brief examines the development of the first Danish Air Force Air Operations Doctrine, which was officially commissioned in October 1997 and remained in effect until 2010. The development of a Danish air power doctrine was heavily influenced by the work of Colonel John Warden (USAF), both...... through his book ”The Air Campaign” and his subsequent planning of the air campaign against Iraq in 1990-1991. Warden’s ideas came to Denmark and the Danish Air Force by way of Danish Air Force students attending the United States Air Force Air University in Alabama, USA. Back in Denmark, graduates from...... the Air University inspired a small number of passionate airmen, who then wrote the Danish Air Operations Doctrine. The process was supported by the Air Force Tactical Command, which found that the work dovetailed perfectly with the transformation process that the Danish Air Force was in the midst...

  1. INFORMATION ASSURANCE - INTELLIGENCE - INFORMATION SUPERIORITY RELATIONSHIP WITHIN NATO OPERATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe BOARU, Ioan-Mihai ILIEŞ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a tight relationship between information assurance, the intelligence cycle and information superiority within NATO operations. The intelligence cycle has a discrete architecture and provides on-time and relevant intelligence products to the joint force commanders and to other authorized users in a specifi c joint area of operations. The intelligence cycle must follow the evolution of the operation. A permanent intelligence estimate will be performed during the military decision making process and operations execution. Information superiority is one of the most powerful intelligence cycle achievements. and decisively infuences the success of NATO joint operations. Information superiority must be preserved and enhanced through information assurance. Information assurance is an information operation that must be planned by the military in charge of operation security or by non-military experts, executed by all personnel during the entire intelligence cycle life time and employed during the planning and execution of NATO joint operations.

  2. Optimizing Global Force Management for Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    for Global Force Management. This tool empowers the analyst to conduct timely what-if analysis and easily develop alternate courses of action... Journal of Operational Research , 23(3): 367–381. Bradley, JH (2016) Mission attribute hierarchy, data for mission prioritization and requests, draft...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited. OPTIMIZING GLOBAL

  3. Information Security Operations Centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Georgievna Miloslavskaya

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available At present information security (IS incidents have become not only more numerous and diverse but also more damaging and disruptive. Preventive controls based on the IS risk assessment results decrease the majority but not all the IS incidents. Therefore, an IS incident management system is necessary for rapidly detecting IS incidents, minimizing loss and destruction, mitigating the vulnerabilities that were exploited and restoring organization’s IT infrastructure (ITI, including its IT services. These systems can be implemented on the basis of a Security Operations Center (SOC. Based on the related works a survey of the existing SOCs, their mission and main functions is given. The SOCs’ classification as well as the key indicators of IS incidents in II are proposed. Some serious first-generation SOCs’ limitations are defined. This analysis leads to the main area of further research launched by the author.

  4. Important characteristics of operational force members

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van Heerden, Adelai

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The operational forces military context is generally acknowledged as one of the most stressful contexts as it is demanding of members on a physical, psychological, social level with organisational, intra- and inter-personal demands of an extreme...

  5. Information Campaigns for Peace Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-03-01

    elections.” From the mission’s inception an information component was built in. The formal information campaign was handled by the Information and Education ...pack up and go home.”27 In that environment, the OHR strategy has been 54 Information Campaigns for Peace Operations to educate the electorate about...if people are fed a steady diet of information, they will come around 62 Information Campaigns for Peace Operations eventually,” and accept that

  6. Integrating Special Operations Forces Operational Design and Joint Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-04

    leader vision statements, and resource allocations, it is likely that SOF planners and Special Operations Joint Task Forces will be central to the design...solving. ― General James Mattis, “ Vision for a Joint Approach to Operational Design” Debate and criticism of doctrinal methods and academic...Colonel Jack Marr , US Army, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph McLamb, US Army, Dr. Michael Stewart, and Dr. Pete Schifferle, “Integrated Planning: The

  7. Information Operations Primer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    competitive civil service selection process. Mr. Mark H. Johnson ( DISES ) is the Director of JIOWC, and USAR Colonel Vincent D. Crabb is the Deputy...of Public Affairs (PA), Civil -Military Operations (CMO), and Defense Support to Public Diplomacy (DSPD) contribute to the accomplishment of the IO...and internal publics with interest in the Department of Defense. 6 (2) Civil -Military Operations (CMO) are the activities of a commander that

  8. Force Protection Common Operational Picture/Common Tactical Picture

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Peter, Russell

    1998-01-01

    ... has taken an integrated approach to Force Protection. There is a recognition that Force Protection is not a Security Police operation; but is a Security Force oDeration. This exemplifies a mindset change and a movement away from pure.

  9. UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES IN AFRICA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-16

    reduce human suffering, disease, hunger , or privation. DOS and the United States Agency for International Development would typically support the...Operations (MISO). MISO are planned to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions , motives, objective

  10. Reactor operation environmental information document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bauer, L.R.; Hayes, D.W.; Hunter, C.H.; Marter, W.L.; Moyer, R.A.

    1989-12-01

    This volume is a reactor operation environmental information document for the Savannah River Plant. Topics include meteorology, surface hydrology, transport, environmental impacts, and radiation effects. 48 figs., 56 tabs. (KD)

  11. Stabilization Operations Through Military Capacity Building-Integration Between Danish Conventional Forces and Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    AND DATES COVERED Capstone project report 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE STABILIZATION OPERATIONS THROUGH MILITARY CAPACITY BUILDING— INTEGRATION BETWEEN...in Chapter VI. According to the 2013 report Denmark’s Integrated Stabilisation Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Areas of the World...assembled task force would be able to be considered fully integrated , and might not integrate fully before the mission. One disadvantage to “coding

  12. Air Force Depot Maintenance: Analysis of Its Financial Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1999-01-01

    The Air Force depot maintenance activity group is part of the Air Force Working Capital Fund, a revolving fund that relies on sales revenue rather than direct congressional appropriations to finance its operations...

  13. Analyzing opportunities for energy conservation in municipal fleet management: service delivery patterns, equipment, supply, operations, and maintenance. Information bulletin of the energy task force of the urban consortium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-01-01

    Vehicle fleet management as a five-step process is portrayed and the multiple energy conservation opportunities within each step are examined. The five steps described are, configuration of service area and service delivery patterns, equipping the fleet, operating the fleet, maintaining the fleet, and supplying the fleet with fuel. A systems approach to decision making about municipal fleets is outlined. Management options, control techniques, and devices are suggested for each of the five steps. Reference is made to analytic tools which will assist in deliberating options at each of these steps. These tools are presented in a list. Four concise case studies of jurisdictions which are taking deliberate steps to reduce fuel use are presented. Key opportunities for fuel conservation are then summarized, followed by a selected bibliography, and listing of reference materials and additional resources.

  14. 2011 Special Operations Forces Industry Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    Blue) Operational LTE operators (Red) Planned LTE operators (www.ltemaps.org) UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED WiFi ≠ Fixed WiMax (2004) ≠ WiMax (2009...Evaluation System Prototypes Safety Certification MOA UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 1. Prime Mission Product (PMP) 100 Hull Structure 200 Propulsion Plant ...300 Electric Plant 400 Command Communications and Surveillance 500 Auxiliary Systems 600 Outfit and Furnishings 700 Armament (Not used) 800 Total

  15. History of Special Operations Forces in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    step up the hunt in towns, red flags go up overnight,” The Straits Times, May 21, 1968. 204 Chin, Peng, Ian Ward, and Norma O. Miraflor, My Side of...There were many operations accomplished by the MSSU before the Second Emergency. Among them was Operation Apas Balong, in April 1966, near Slim Pompon...Westport, CT: Praeger, 1996. Chin, Peng, Ian Ward, and Norma O. Miraflor. My Side of History, Singapore: Media Masters, 2003. Chynowyth, John

  16. Operational Command and Control of Joint Task Force Cyberspace Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-27

    is the “coordination and cooperation towar objectives”55 which “can be achieved either through Unity of Command ( UoC ) or through cooperation.”56...According to Dr. Vego, “the highest degree of effectiveness is ensured by having UoE though UoC ” and “failure to establish UoC results in a state of...offers an adversary the ability to do the same to friendly forces. According to Dr. Vego, “without [ UoC ] the [JTF] cannot bring all available forces to

  17. The Limits of Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-07

    brothers were more able to adapt to U.S. air- power by distributing lessons learned and using deception and other means to neutralize SOF and airpower...www.whitehouse. gov/ blog /2016/05/02/weight-one-mission-recount- ing-death-usama-bin-laden-five-years-later>. 7 McRaven, chapter 9. 8 James Worrall...Richard Shultz, Military Innovation in War: It Takes a Learning Organization A Case Study of Task Force 714 in Iraq (Tampa, FL: Joint Special

  18. Conventional and Special Operations Forces Integration at the Operational Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    Wahabism of Saudi Arabia, that Al Qaeda and other terrorist organizations follow. This Islamic belief system dates back to India in... homeless population of over two million. Initially, the Pakistani Army was concerned that Indian forces would use the earthquake as an opportunity to

  19. RA research nuclear reactor operation in forced regime, Annex 5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mitrovic, S.

    1964-01-01

    In order to increase the flux and experimental potentials of the RA reactor, properties of the reactor operating in the forced regime have been inspected four times, twice with the spent fuel (core C), and twice with partly fresh fuel (cores E and F). Forced regime means power higher than nominal 6.5 MW. From the analyses of technology parameters during operation in the forced regime at power levels of 7 and 11 MW, state and behaviour of the components, efficiency of the biological protection and other parameters it was concluded that the reactor operation is possible at power levels of 10 MW during a whole year, and under certain conditions even longer operation at power levels up to 15 MW. This paper examines the reactor operation conditions in the forced regime and gives conclusions related to real increase of the experimental possibilities, isotope production and economic factors [sr

  20. Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories balloon operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danaher, T. J.

    1974-01-01

    The establishment and functions of the AFCRL balloon operations facility are discussed. The types of research work conducted by the facility are defined. The facilities which support the balloon programs are described. The free balloon and tethered balloon capabilities are analyzed.

  1. Materiel Solutions for Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-28

    textiles attended U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) events including: an Additive Manufacturing (3D printing ) workshop in Dec 2013; a Tactical...acknowledge ARO support from the start of the project to the date of this printing . List the papers, including journal references, in the following... techniques . • Hosted campus visits by LTG Patricia McQuisition, Army Materiel Command, and MG Nick Justice former Commanding General of RDECOM

  2. Special Operations Forces Reference Manual. Fourth Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    USPACOM objectives of deterring aggression, advanc- support of emerging crises, such as disaster relief for tsunamis or earth - quakes , humanitarian...broadcasting for MISO in standard AM/FM radio, television, short wave, and military communications frequency bands; in addition, select SOF aircraft may...Middletown, Pennsylvania, operates the EC-130J Com- mando Solo aircraft. Its mission is to conduct MISO broadcasting in frequencies including the standard AM

  3. Adaptive Reorganization of German Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Noetzel and Benjamin Schreer, “Spezialkräfte der Bundeswehr: Strukturerfordernisse für den Auslandseinsatz,” SWP-Studie, Deutsches Institut für...131. B. J. Hodge , William Anthony, and Lawrence Gales, quoted in “Organizational Design for Special Operations,” Erik Jansen...Belgium: NSCC, 2008. Noetzel, Timo and Benjamin Schreer. “Spezialkräfte der Bundeswehr: Strukturerfordernisse für den Auslandseinsatz.” SWP-Studie

  4. Adapting U.S. Forces to Meet Operational Requirements

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hendricks, IV, William C

    2008-01-01

    ... of military operations. Recent experience has shown that while U.S. forces are highly effective in high-intensity conflict against conventional enemies, they are somewhat less capable in low-intensity conflict against unconventional threats...

  5. The Australian Defence Force: Broadened Concepts of Security Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wing, Ian

    1998-01-01

    ...-fighting role and could result in fundamental force structure and resource changes. More Australian Government policy changes are possible, and increased participation in counter-drug operations has been foreshadowed...

  6. 2007 Posture Statement, Army Reserve: An Operational Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stultz, Jack C

    2007-01-01

    The 2007 Army Reserve Posture Statement describes how the Army Reserve continues to transform from a strategic reserve to an operational force, meeting today's challenges as it better prepares for future uncertainties...

  7. Identification of Decision Support Concepts for the Planning of Air Force Immediate Contingencies Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Cognitive Ergonomics, Madeira , Portugal. * # North American Treaty Organisation (NATO) (2006). Tool for the Operational Planning, Force...User Interaction to Inform Information- Fusion-Driven Decision Support, presented at the European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics, Madeira , Portugal...Ergonomics, Madeira , Portugal. Pages: 4. Context: This paper intends to extend current paradigms of user driven Information Fusion (IF) by

  8. Information Superiority: Outsourcing an Air Force Core Competency?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McTerman, Hugh

    1997-01-01

    .... This thesis explores the perceived relationship between the core competency requirements for information superiority and the tasks defined for the Air Force communication, computer, and information career field...

  9. Operations Data Files, driving force behind International Space Station operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppenbrouwers, Tom; Ferra, Lionel; Markus, Michael; Wolff, Mikael

    2017-09-01

    Almost all tasks performed by the astronauts on-board the International Space Station (ISS) and by ground controllers in Mission Control Centre, from operation and maintenance of station systems to the execution of scientific experiments or high risk visiting vehicles docking manoeuvres, would not be possible without Operations Data Files (ODF). ODFs are the User Manuals of the Space Station and have multiple faces, going from traditional step-by-step procedures, scripts, cue cards, over displays, to software which guides the crew through the execution of certain tasks. Those key operational documents are standardized as they are used on-board the Space Station by an international crew constantly changing every 3 months. Furthermore this harmonization effort is paramount for consistency as the crew moves from one element to another in a matter of seconds, and from one activity to another. On ground, a significant large group of experts from all International Partners drafts, prepares reviews and approves on a daily basis all Operations Data Files, ensuring their timely availability on-board the ISS for all activities. Unavailability of these operational documents will halt the conduct of experiments or cancel milestone events. This paper will give an insight in the ground preparation work for the ODFs (with a focus on ESA ODF processes) and will present an overview on ODF formats and their usage within the ISS environment today and show how vital they are. Furthermore the focus will be on the recently implemented ODF features, which significantly ease the use of this documentation and improve the efficiency of the astronauts performing the tasks. Examples are short video demonstrations, interactive 3D animations, Execute Tailored Procedures (XTP-versions), tablet products, etc.

  10. Oxygen Toxicity and Special Operations Forces Diving: Hidden and Dangerous

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wingelaar, Thijs T.; van Ooij, Pieter-Jan A. M.; van Hulst, Rob A.

    2017-01-01

    In Special Operations Forces (SOF) closed-circuit rebreathers with 100% oxygen are commonly utilized for covert diving operations. Exposure to high partial pressures of oxygen (PO2) could cause damage to the central nervous system (CNS) and pulmonary system. Longer exposure time and higher PO2 leads

  11. Environmental Assessment for Proposed Security Forces Operations Facility, Buckley Air Force Base, Colorado

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Meyer, Elizabeth; Myklebust, Jessica; Denier, James; Christner, Jennifer; Fontaine, Kathyrn

    2006-01-01

    The United States Air Force (USAF) has prepared this EA in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act to evaluate the potential environmental and social impacts from the construction and operation of the proposed SFOF...

  12. Space station operations task force. Panel 4 report: Management integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    The Management Integration Panel of the Space Station Operations Task Force was chartered to provide a structure and ground rules for integrating the efforts of the other three panels and to address a number of cross cutting issues that affect all areas of space station operations. Issues addressed include operations concept implementation, alternatives development and integration process, strategic policy issues and options, and program management emphasis areas.

  13. The Armed Force of the Philippines and Special Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-12-01

    vision goggles or other night vision systems ), and is able to keep a low-level profile for...successful model for special operations-- the U.S. Special Operations Forces--to propose an operations system for the Philippines that is feasible...the LCM strength was placed at 9,257 men equipped with 6,126 firearms. The number of affected barangays , or villages, was approximately 2,394, about

  14. A comparative analysis of strategic approaches for Information Technology (IT) for Commander Naval Surface Forces

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Devine R.

    2010-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited As the lead organization for all United States Naval Surface Forces, Commander Naval Surface Forces (CNSF) is committed to providing operational commanders with well-trained, highly effective, and technologically relevant surface forces. Aligning itself with the Department of the Navy's Information Management (IM) and Information Technology (IT) strategic mission objectives, CNSF is dedicated to delivering secure, interoperable, and in...

  15. Reactor operation safety information document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-01-01

    The report contains a reactor facility description which includes K, P, and L reactor sites, structures, operating systems, engineered safety systems, support systems, and process and effluent monitoring systems; an accident analysis section which includes cooling system anomalies, radioactive materials releases, and anticipated transients without scram; a summary of onsite doses from design basis accidents; severe accident analysis (reactor core disruption); a description of operating contractor organization and emergency planning; and a summary of reactor safety evolution. (MB)

  16. Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa: Winning the War on Terror with Information Engagement

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Garcia, Michelle M

    2007-01-01

    ...) to win the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT) in the Horn of Africa. Because of the mission, the resources available to the task force, and the nature of the conflict, the command chose a COA that uses Information Operations (IO...

  17. Operation of the RA research nuclear reactor under forced regime

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mitrovic, S.

    1964-01-01

    Ra reactor was designed for operation at nominal power of 6.5 MW and under forced regime. From the start of operation in 1959 until the general refurbishment in 1963 it was not operated under forced regime. At reactor power of 10 MW the mean thermal neutron flux increases from 3 to 4.6 10 13 n cm -2 sec -1 , the maximum neutron flux increases from 6 to 9.3 10 13 n cm -2 sec -1 , and at the exit of the experimental channel it increases from 5 to 7.7 10 9 n cm -2 sec -1 . In order to achieve safer and more suitable operating conditions, winter period of 1963 was chosen for the first increase of reactor power level, because of low temperatures in the secondary coolant loop. This paper contains the most relevant data concerned with the reactor operation at increased power

  18. Eielson Air Force Base Operable Unit 2 baseline risk assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, R.E.; Jarvis, T.T.; Jarvis, M.R.; Whelan, G.

    1994-10-01

    Operable Unit 2 at Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) near Fairbanks, is one of several operable units characterized by petroleum, oil, and lubricant contamination, and by the presence of organic products floating at the water table, as a result of Air Force operations since the 1940s. The base is approximately 19,270 acres in size, and comprises the areas for military operations and a residential neighborhood for military dependents. Within Operable Unit 2, there are seven source areas. These source areas were grouped together primarily because of the contaminants released and hence are not necessarily in geographical proximity. Source area ST10 includes a surface water body (Hardfill Lake) next to a fuel spill area. The primary constituents of concern for human health include benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX). Monitored data showed these volatile constituents to be present in groundwater wells. The data also showed an elevated level of trace metals in groundwater.

  19. Measuring Information Technology Performance: Operational Efficiency and Operational Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Annette G.

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation provides a practical approach for measuring operational efficiency and operational effectiveness for IT organizations introducing the ITIL process framework. The intent of the study was to assist Chief Information Officers (CIOs) in explaining the impact of introducing the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL)…

  20. The Lightning Bolt and the Quill: Determining the Role of Air Force Public Affairs in Information Warfare

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Englin, David

    1998-01-01

    As the Air Force's internal and external public voice, Air Force public affairs is uniquely positioned to influence the flow of information to different audiences about a variety of issues and operations...

  1. 75 FR 70764 - Small Business Information Security Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-18

    ... SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Information Security Task Force AGENCY: U.S. Small... publish meeting minutes for the Small Business Information Security Task Force Meeting. DATES: 1 p.m... 2009, SBA submits the meeting minutes for the first meeting of the Small Business Information Security...

  2. 75 FR 77934 - Small Business Information Security Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ... SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Small Business Information Security Task Force AGENCY: U.S. Small... publish meeting minutes for the Small Business Information Security Task Force Meeting. DATES: 1 p.m... 2009, SBA submits the meeting minutes for the second meeting of the Small Business Information Security...

  3. Laboratory experiments inform iceberg-calving forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cathles, L. M.; Burton, J. C.

    2013-12-01

    Globally detected glacial earthquakes are produced during cubic-kilometer scale calving events. The mechanism producing these earthquakes and the dependence of the seismic moment on iceberg size and glacial calving front geometry are not well established. We use a laboratory-scale model of the post-fracture calving process to measure aspects of the calving process not observable in nature. In our experiments, buoyant plastic blocks rest against against a force plate (glacial terminus) which measures both the total force and the torque exerted during the calving process. The blocks are gravitationally unstable, so that they will spontaneously capsize and rotate away from the terminus. We find that hydrodynamics are crucial when considering the coupling between the calving process and the solid earth. There is both a pushing contact force and a simultaneous pulling hydrodynamic force created by a reduced pressure along the terminus face. This suggests that a single couple force mechanism is a more appropriate mode for glacial earthquakes than the commonly used centroid single force model.

  4. Reactor operation environmental information document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haselow, J.S.; Price, V.; Stephenson, D.E.; Bledsoe, H.W.; Looney, B.B.

    1989-12-01

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) produces nuclear materials, primarily plutonium and tritium, to meet the requirements of the Department of Defense. These products have been formed in nuclear reactors that were built during 1950--1955 at the SRS. K, L, and P reactors are three of five reactors that have been used in the past to produce the nuclear materials. All three of these reactors discontinued operation in 1988. Currently, intense efforts are being extended to prepare these three reactors for restart in a manner that protects human health and the environment. To document that restarting the reactors will have minimal impacts to human health and the environment, a three-volume Reactor Operations Environmental Impact Document has been prepared. The document focuses on the impacts of restarting the K, L, and P reactors on both the SRS and surrounding areas. This volume discusses the geology, seismology, and subsurface hydrology. 195 refs., 101 figs., 16 tabs.

  5. Reactor operation environmental information document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wike, L.D.; Specht, W.L.; Mackey, H.E.; Paller, M.H.; Wilde, E.W.; Dicks, A.S.

    1989-12-01

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a large United States Department of Energy installation on the upper Atlantic Coastal Plain of South Carolina. The SRS contains diverse habitats, flora, and fauna. Habitats include upland terrestrial areas, varied wetlands including Carolina Bays, the Savannah River swamp system, and impoundment related and riparian wetlands, and the aquatic habitats of several stream systems, two large cooling reservoirs, and the Savannah River. These diverse habitats support a large variety of plants and animals including many commercially or recreational valuable species and several rare, threatened or endangered species. This volume describes the major habitats and their biota found on the SRS, and discuss the impacts of continued operation of the K, L, and P production reactors.

  6. Defense Science Board 2006 Summer Study on Information Management for Net-Centric Operations. Volume 1: Main Report

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Schneider, Jr, William

    2007-01-01

    The task force addressed combat operations, information management, information assurance, and architecture requirements, as well as the architecture framework currently being pursued by the department...

  7. Occurrence reporting and processing of operations information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    DOE O 232.1A, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information, and 10 CFR 830.350, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (when it becomes effective), along with this manual, set forth occurrence reporting requirements for Department of Energy (DOE) Departmental Elements and contractors responsible for the management and operation of DOE-owned and -leased facilities. These requirements include categorization of occurrences related to safety, security, environment, health, or operations (''Reportable Occurrences''); DOE notification of these occurrences; and the development and submission of documented follow-up reports. This Manual provides detailed information for categorizing and reporting occurrences at DOE facilities. Information gathered by the Occurrence Reporting and processing System is used for analysis of the Department's performance in environmental protection, safeguards and security, and safety and health of its workers and the public. This information is also used to develop lessons learned and document events that significantly impact DOE operations

  8. Occurrence reporting and processing of operations information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-21

    DOE O 232.1A, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information, and 10 CFR 830.350, Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information (when it becomes effective), along with this manual, set forth occurrence reporting requirements for Department of Energy (DOE) Departmental Elements and contractors responsible for the management and operation of DOE-owned and -leased facilities. These requirements include categorization of occurrences related to safety, security, environment, health, or operations (``Reportable Occurrences``); DOE notification of these occurrences; and the development and submission of documented follow-up reports. This Manual provides detailed information for categorizing and reporting occurrences at DOE facilities. Information gathered by the Occurrence Reporting and processing System is used for analysis of the Department`s performance in environmental protection, safeguards and security, and safety and health of its workers and the public. This information is also used to develop lessons learned and document events that significantly impact DOE operations.

  9. Counterbalance of cutting force for advanced milling operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Nan-Chyuan; Shih, Li-Wen; Lee, Rong-Mao

    2010-05-01

    The goal of this work is to concurrently counterbalance the dynamic cutting force and regulate the spindle position deviation under various milling conditions by integrating active magnetic bearing (AMB) technique, fuzzy logic algorithm and an adaptive self-tuning feedback loop. Since the dynamics of milling system is highly determined by a few operation conditions, such as speed of spindle, cut depth and feedrate, therefore the dynamic model for cutting process is more appropriate to be constructed by experiments, instead of using theoretical approach. The experimental data, either for idle or cutting, are utilized to establish the database of milling dynamics so that the system parameters can be on-line estimated by employing the proposed fuzzy logic algorithm as the cutting mission is engaged. Based on the estimated milling system model and preset operation conditions, i.e., spindle speed, cut depth and feedrate, the current cutting force can be numerically estimated. Once the current cutting force can be real-time estimated, the corresponding compensation force can be exerted by the equipped AMB to counterbalance the cutting force, in addition to the spindle position regulation by feedback of spindle position. On the other hand, for the magnetic force is nonlinear with respect to the applied electric current and air gap, the characteristics of the employed AMB is investigated also by experiments and a nonlinear mathematic model, in terms of air gap between spindle and electromagnetic pole and coil current, is developed. At the end, the experimental simulations on realistic milling are presented to verify the efficacy of the fuzzy controller for spindle position regulation and the capability of the dynamic cutting force counterbalance.

  10. Effects of cutting conditions on forces and force coefficients in plunge milling operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Rafanelli

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The modeling of milling forces is a crucial issue to understand milling processes. In the literature, many force models and experiments to identify force coefficients are found. The objective of this article is to develop a new approach, based on the traditional average force method, able to measure and compute the cutting coefficients for end mills used in plunging operations. This model has been used to evaluate the effect of the radial engagement on the cutting coefficients themselves, proposing a new strategy to update these values for different cutting parameters. This dependency of the cutting coefficient is particularly important for the determination of the stability lobe diagrams, used to predict the chatter conditions. In this article, the method to assess the cutting coefficients, the results of the experimental tests, and the effect of condition-dependent cutting coefficients on process stability are presented.

  11. Operational Command and Control: Lessons for Today's Joint Force from Grenada, Somalia, and Kosovo

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Foraker III, Joseph C

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines operational command and control issues encountered during Operation Urgent Fury in Grenada, the deployment of Task Force Ranger in Mogadishu, Somalia, and Operation Allied Force in Kosovo...

  12. Operational Forces soldiers’ perceptions of attributes and skills for career success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishreen Rawoot

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: A career within the South African Operational Forces is physically, mentally and emotionally challenging. It is a diverse working environment with its own organisational culture and unique challenges. Research purpose: The aim of the study was to explore the perceptions of Operational Forces soldiers regarding the unique requirements that facilitated their career success. Motivation for the study: A low percentage of candidates successfully complete the Operational Forces training. The financial implications of training candidates make it important to be able to identify candidates who have the potential to be successful, early on in the process. Research design, approach and method: Data were collected through a self-administered qualitative survey (n = 98. All participants were permanent Operational Forces soldiers with varying ranks and years of experience. The data were thematically analysed in order to identify themes and specific attributes and skills associated with a successful career in the Operational Forces. Main findings: A number of themes emerged from the data, each of which contributed to our understanding of the research question. The themes included self-concept, personality, interests, cognitive and physical factors. Practical and managerial implications: The research findings may help to inform decisions about approaches, practices and methodologies of the South African Operational Forces recruitment and selection process. Results also provide military organisations with the key characteristics to consider when identifying candidates with the highest potential for successful careers. Contribution and value-add: The study extends previous career success research by contributing an additional base of information regarding career success and factors that are perceived to influence it.

  13. Modal Testing of Mechanical Structures Subject to Operational Excitation Forces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, N.; Brincker, Rune; Herlufsen, H.

    2000-01-01

    to the Operational Modal Analysis. For Operational Modal Analysis two different estimation techniques are used: a non-parametric technique based on Frequency Domain Decomposition (FDD), and a parametric technique working on the raw data in time domain, a data driven Stochastic Subspace Identification (SSI) algorithm......Operational Modal Analysis also known as Output Only Modal Analysis has in the recent years been used for extracting modal parameters of civil engineering structures and is now becoming popular for mechanical structures. The advantage of the method is that no artificial excitation need...... to be applied to the structure or force signals to be measured. All the parameter estimation is based upon the response signals, thereby minimising the work of preparation for the test. This test case is a controlled lab set-up enabling different parameter estimation methods techniques to be used and compared...

  14. Agile Computing for Air Force Information Management Infrastructures

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Suri, Niranjan

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this effort was to leverage from and extend the agile computing approach and metaphor to improve Air Force Information Management infrastructures for dynamic and tactical environments...

  15. Employing Special Operations Forces to Conduct Deception in Support of Shaping and Decisive Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    LeMire, Guy

    2002-01-01

    .... The increased demand for intelligence, information superiority, as well as the increased need for operational security to conduct successful deception also present a significant challenge to military planners...

  16. Naval Reserve Force: Cost and Benefit Analysis of Reducing the Number of Naval Surface Reserve Force Operating Budget Holders

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Young, Eric

    1997-01-01

    .... This thesis examines one of Commander Naval Surface Reserve Force's initiatives for reducing the current number of Operating Budget holder's Comptroller Departments without sacrificing efficiency...

  17. Oxygen Toxicity and Special Operations Forces Diving: Hidden and Dangerous

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thijs T. Wingelaar

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available In Special Operations Forces (SOF closed-circuit rebreathers with 100% oxygen are commonly utilized for covert diving operations. Exposure to high partial pressures of oxygen (PO2 could cause damage to the central nervous system (CNS and pulmonary system. Longer exposure time and higher PO2 leads to faster development of more serious pathology. Exposure to a PO2 above 1.4 ATA can cause CNS toxicity, leading to a wide range of neurologic complaints including convulsions. Pulmonary oxygen toxicity develops over time when exposed to a PO2 above 0.5 ATA and can lead to inflammation and fibrosis of lung tissue. Oxygen can also be toxic for the ocular system and may have systemic effects on the inflammatory system. Moreover, some of the effects of oxygen toxicity are irreversible. This paper describes the pathophysiology, epidemiology, signs and symptoms, risk factors and prediction models of oxygen toxicity, and their limitations on SOF diving.

  18. Information Warfare and Information Operations: Protecting The Global Information Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-03-06

    findings in a November 1996 report described by the Wall Street Journal as "unusually strident.൮ It made 13 recommendations, including one for...Funds Moved Around World", The Wall Street Journal , September 12, 1995, p 1. 21 Data Provided By Member of the President’s Commission on Critical...U.S. Department of Defense, April 1997, 230. 38 Thomas E. Ricks, "Information Warfare Defense is Urged", Wall Street Journal , 6 January 1997, Section

  19. What Effect Did General Order Number 1 and the Force Protection Measures Have on Task Force Eagle Operations in Bosnia During Implementation Force?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yates, William

    2002-01-01

    This thesis is a historical study to determine the effect General Order Number 1 and the Force Protection Measures had on Task Force Eagle operations during the deployment of the NATO Implementation...

  20. Modeling decisions information fusion and aggregation operators

    CERN Document Server

    Torra, Vicenc

    2007-01-01

    Information fusion techniques and aggregation operators produce the most comprehensive, specific datum about an entity using data supplied from different sources, thus enabling us to reduce noise, increase accuracy, summarize and extract information, and make decisions. These techniques are applied in fields such as economics, biology and education, while in computer science they are particularly used in fields such as knowledge-based systems, robotics, and data mining. This book covers the underlying science and application issues related to aggregation operators, focusing on tools used in practical applications that involve numerical information. Starting with detailed introductions to information fusion and integration, measurement and probability theory, fuzzy sets, and functional equations, the authors then cover the following topics in detail: synthesis of judgements, fuzzy measures, weighted means and fuzzy integrals, indices and evaluation methods, model selection, and parameter extraction. The method...

  1. Information Assurance within the United States Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherry, John D.

    2010-01-01

    According to the Department of Defense (DoD), a review of information assurance (IA) in the United States Air Force (USAF) in 2009, cyber security is jeopardized because of information loss. This situation has occurred in large part because of less than optimal training practices or adherence to training protocols. The purpose of this study was…

  2. Intelligence system for reactor operator informational support

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prangishvili, I.V.; Pashchenko, F.F.; Saprykin, E.M.

    1989-01-01

    Problems related to creation and introduction at NPP of highly efficient and reliable systems for monitoring and control of working processes and intelligence-endowed systems of operator informational support (ISOIS) are considered. The main units included in ISOIS are considered. The main units included in ISOIS are described. The unit of current state monitoring provides information for the operator, which is necessary under concrete conditions for the process monitoring and control, so as to avoid emergencies and affers a program of actions in a dialogue mode for the operator. The identification unit is designed for the obtaining of assessed values of process parameters (neutron fields, temperatures, pressures) and basic equipment (reactivity coefficients, fuel rod weights, time of delay). The prediction unit evaluates the behaviour of process parameters and process state in various situations. 9 refs

  3. Overseas Contingency Operations: Observations on the Use of Force Management Levels in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS Observations on the Use of Force Management Levels in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria... OPERATIONS Observations on the Use of Force Management Levels in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria What GAO Found Military officials planning for...and executing operations under force management levels have taken various actions to maximize military capabilities deployed to countries under those

  4. Strike Operations: Contingency Operations with Light-Heavy-Special Operations Forces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-07

    orient on enemy high-speed avenues of aproach to develop inteligence , Iinluding the location, direction, and speed of the enemy’s advance. * Leaders...by the infantry. Although the heavy force provides fire support, shock action is reduced. Ths method is used when either natural or artificial

  5. Cryptography, Information Operations and the Industrial Base: A Policy Dilemma

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Horner, Stephen

    1997-01-01

    .... The explosive force of information technology places the Global Information Infrastructure, the worldwide industrial base and the various world governments in both mutually supporting and somewhat adversarial positions...

  6. 76 FR 58565 - Proposed Information Collection (Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Seriously...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Operation Enduring Freedom/ Operation Iraqi Freedom Seriously... Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans regarding benefits. DATES: Written comments and... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Title: Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation...

  7. High-throughput atomic force microscopes operating in parallel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghian, Hamed; Herfst, Rodolf; Dekker, Bert; Winters, Jasper; Bijnagte, Tom; Rijnbeek, Ramon

    2017-03-01

    Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an essential nanoinstrument technique for several applications such as cell biology and nanoelectronics metrology and inspection. The need for statistically significant sample sizes means that data collection can be an extremely lengthy process in AFM. The use of a single AFM instrument is known for its very low speed and not being suitable for scanning large areas, resulting in a very-low-throughput measurement. We address this challenge by parallelizing AFM instruments. The parallelization is achieved by miniaturizing the AFM instrument and operating many of them simultaneously. This instrument has the advantages that each miniaturized AFM can be operated independently and that the advances in the field of AFM, both in terms of speed and imaging modalities, can be implemented more easily. Moreover, a parallel AFM instrument also allows one to measure several physical parameters simultaneously; while one instrument measures nano-scale topography, another instrument can measure mechanical, electrical, or thermal properties, making it a lab-on-an-instrument. In this paper, a proof of principle of such a parallel AFM instrument has been demonstrated by analyzing the topography of large samples such as semiconductor wafers. This nanoinstrument provides new research opportunities in the nanometrology of wafers and nanolithography masks by enabling real die-to-die and wafer-level measurements and in cell biology by measuring the nano-scale properties of a large number of cells.

  8. 76 FR 72243 - Proposed Information Collection (Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-22

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Operation Enduring Freedom/ Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans... facilities for returning Operation Enduring Freedom/ Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans and their families.... Title: Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans Health Needs Assessment, VA Form 10...

  9. An Operational Perspective of Total Lightning Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadler, David J.; Darden, Christopher B.; Stano, Geoffrey; Buechler, Dennis E.

    2009-01-01

    The close and productive collaborations between the NWS Warning and Forecast Office, the Short Term Prediction and Research Transition Center at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center and the University of Alabama in Huntsville have provided a unique opportunity for science sharing and technology transfer. One significant technology transfer that has provided immediate benefits to NWS forecast and warning operations is the use of data from the North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array. This network consists of ten VHF receivers deployed across northern Alabama and a base station located at the National Space Science and Technology Center. Preliminary investigations done at WFO Huntsville, along with other similar total lightning networks across the country, have shown distinct correlations between the time rate-of-change of total lightning and trends in intensity/severity of the parent convective cell. Since May 2003 when WFO HUN began receiving these data - in conjunction with other more traditional remotely sensed data (radar, satellite, and surface observations) -- have improved the situational awareness of the WFO staff. The use of total lightning information, either from current ground based systems or future space borne instrumentation, may substantially contribute to the NWS mission, by enhancing severe weather warning and decision-making processes. Operational use of the data has been maximized at WFO Huntsville through a process that includes forecaster training, product implementation, and post event analysis and assessments. Since receiving these data, over 50 surveys have been completed highlighting the use of total lightning information during significant events across the Tennessee Valley. In addition, around 150 specific cases of interest have been archived for collaborative post storm analysis. From these datasets, detailed trending information from radar and total lightning can be compared to corresponding damage reports. This presentation will emphasize

  10. The Twelfth US Air Force. Tactical and Operational Innovations in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, 1943-1944

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    St. Clair, Matthew G

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyzes the participation of the US Twelfth Air Force in the Mediterranean theater of operation from 1943 to 1944 and also studies the coalition and joint operations required in the air campaign...

  11. The Linkage of Joint Operational Fires, Information Operations and the Army: Does the Army Have Effective Feedback Mechanisms that Integrate Operational Fires (Physical Destruction) and Information Operations?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mills, Charles

    2004-01-01

    The information revolution seems to hold a lot of promise to the U.S. economy and the U.S. military, but rigid bureaucratic hierarchies make it extremely difficult for effective integration of operational fires and information operations...

  12. Detection of Special Operations Forces Using Night Vision Devices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, C.M.

    2001-10-22

    Night vision devices, such image intensifiers and infrared imagers, are readily available to a host of nations, organizations, and individuals through international commerce. Once the trademark of special operations units, these devices are widely advertised to ''turn night into day''. In truth, they cannot accomplish this formidable task, but they do offer impressive enhancement of vision in limited light scenarios through electronically generated images. Image intensifiers and infrared imagers are both electronic devices for enhancing vision in the dark. However, each is based upon a totally different physical phenomenon. Image intensifiers amplify the available light energy whereas infrared imagers detect the thermal energy radiated from all objects. Because of this, each device operates from energy which is present in a different portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. This leads to differences in the ability of each device to detect and/or identify objects. This report is a compilation of the available information on both state-of-the-art image intensifiers and infrared imagers. Image intensifiers developed in the United States, as well as some foreign made image intensifiers, are discussed. Image intensifiers are categorized according to their spectral response and sensitivity using the nomenclature of GEN I, GEN II, and GEN III. As the first generation of image intensifiers, GEN I, were large and of limited performance, this report will deal with only GEN II and GEN III equipment. Infrared imagers are generally categorized according to their spectral response, sensor materials, and related sensor operating temperature using the nomenclature Medium Wavelength Infrared (MWIR) Cooled and Long Wavelength Infrared (LWIR) Uncooled. MWIR Cooled refers to infrared imagers which operate in the 3 to 5 {micro}m wavelength electromagnetic spectral region and require either mechanical or thermoelectric coolers to keep the sensors operating at 77 K

  13. Examination of E-3 AWACS Readiness Spares Kit Adequacy During Operation Allied Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McCormick, David

    2000-01-01

    ... readiness spares kits during Operation ALLIED FORCE. Also, FY 1999 summary readiness indicator statistics for the E-3 fleet, at different deployed locations and home station, before, during, and after ALLIED FORCE are presented...

  14. The Challenge of New and Emerging Information Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Heath, James E; Woodcock, Alexander E

    1999-01-01

    Information operations as defined in Joint Publication 3-13 of the Joint Staff (1998) are aimed at influencing the information and information systems of an adversary and defending one's own information and information systems...

  15. Optimization of Combat Logistics Force Required to Support Major Combat Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Morse, Troy C

    2008-01-01

    Military requirements development involves operational commanders conducting analyses of a variety of combat scenarios to assess force structure and material requirements to meet their military objectives...

  16. Theoretical analysis of steady state operating forces in control valves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basavaraj Hubballi

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The controlling components, such as valves are used to regulate controlled fluid power. It is not always possible to calculate valve forces accurately, and with some types of valves even the existence of certain types of forces cannot be predicted with certainty. In many cases, however, the analysis can be made fairly completely and accurately. The assumption of steady state conditions is valid for the valve alone, but transient effects in the rest of the system may be large. These effects are particularly important with regard to the instability of valves, where the system may react on the valve in such a way as to make it squeal or oscillate, sometimes with large amplitude. The origin of the steady state flow force understood from a brief qualitative explanation. The following paper will summarize much of what is known about valve forces in the spool type controlling element.

  17. Results of a Joint Navy/Air Force Operational Test to Evaluate USAF integrated Maintenance Information Systems (IMIS), Interactive Electronic Technical Manual (IETM) Technology Applied to the F/A-18 Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-14

    SGraphics Intel 87871-based hybrid SInterfaces M.STD 1553, RS 232C, 1.3 M~ s channel hopping radio Powr Supply 16.5 Volt Yardney Silverell battery pack...the PMAs, drives, and batteries including the use and recharge 3 cycles. (2) Monitoring the operation of the PMA hardware and software; resolving any...better labelling of soft finction keys. w. Provide better battery life and recharge procedure. I I. During a maintenance procedure, present a record

  18. Status Report of the Inter-Laboratory Task Force on Remote Operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Phinney, Nan

    2001-01-01

    The next generation of particle accelerators will be major projects which may require a new mode of international and inter-laboratory collaboration. They are likely to be too costly to be funded by a single nation and too large to be built by a single laboratory. The tremendous technical challenge of a new facility requires a critical mass of highly qualified and experienced physicists and engineers. These experts are presently distributed among the major accelerator centers around the world and it is believed important to maintain and develop this broad base of expertise. The successful accelerator technology development of recent decades depended on extensive exchange of people with complementary technical skills. Therefore, it is desirable and probably necessary that several accelerator laboratories will participate in any future project. A consequence of a multi-laboratory project is that the accelerator will be located a considerable distance from most of the contributing institutions which design, build and operate it. These considerations led the International Committee for Future Accelerators to initiate a study on the general and technical implications of such a collaboration. Two task forces were formed in February 2000 to conduct this study and they were asked to prepare a report on a time scale of one year. The task force on Remote Operation included members from most of the major accelerator laboratories around the world with expertise on accelerator operation, controls software, communication technologies, hardware design and maintenance. The task force members gathered information from the experts at their own institutions and from available experience in other fields, particularly astronomy. The task force on Remote Operations began by developing a model for an international multi-laboratory collaboration to construct and operate an accelerator facility. This model is described in section 3. While it is clear that there are numerous alternative

  19. Information Operations Team Training & Information Operations Training Aid, Information Warfare Effectiveness (IWE) Program, Delivery Order 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    operational planning. The body of this report describes the data collection (knowledge elicitation) and design plan, encompassing the work domain...generate a new scenario. 360 System: General The system shall allow the user to open existing scenarios. 361 System: General The sytem shall have a...capabilities. IOTA should support students as they learn to organize a body of knowledge, plan and execute a strategy across all influence

  20. Overcoming Information Operations Legal Limitations in Support of Domestic Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-12

    Katrina Update Brief, 24 2200Z SEP 05. US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). USACE Operations Center ( UOC ) Update Brief, 23 0900 September 2005...USA CGSC, July,2006. US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). USACE Operations Center ( UOC ) Update Brief, 23 0900 September 2005. USCENTCOM J3

  1. 77 FR 29899 - Safety Zone; International Special Operations Forces Week Capability Exercise, Seddon Channel...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-21

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; International Special Operations Forces... follows: Sec. 165.T07-0007 Safety Zone; International Special Operations Forces Week Capability Exercise... rule. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard is establishing a temporary safety zone on the waters of Seddon Channel...

  2. Exploring factors contributing to voluntarily withdrawal by candidates during South African operational forces selection

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van Heerden, A

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available will not be able to overcome. Only a very small percentage of those that take the decision to attempt Operational Forces Selection, qualify. It is of concern that Operational Forces recruit attrition within the first 12 weeks of training remains consistently above...

  3. Modeling and validating the grabbing forces of hydraulic log grapples used in forest operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jingxin Wang; Chris B. LeDoux; Lihai Wang

    2003-01-01

    The grabbing forces of log grapples were modeled and analyzed mathematically under operating conditions when grabbing logs from compact log piles and from bunch-like log piles. The grabbing forces are closely related to the structural parameters of the grapple, the weight of the grapple, and the weight of the log grabbed. An operational model grapple was designed and...

  4. Massing Effects in the Information Domain: A Case Study in Aggressive Information Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Metz, Thomas F; Garrett, Mark W; Hutton, James E; Bush, Timothy W

    2006-01-01

    In 1995, the Department of the Army, Forces Command, and the Training and Doctrine Command began a joint venture called Force XXI, the focus of which was to understand how information-age technology could improve the U.S...

  5. Operable Unit 1 remedial investigation report, Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gilmore, T.J.; Fruland, R.M.; Liikala, T.L.

    1994-06-01

    This remedial investigation report for operable Unit 1 (OU-1) at Eielson Air Force Base presents data, calculations, and conclusions as to the nature and extent of surface and subsurface contamination at the eight source areas that make up OU-1. The information is based on the 1993 field investigation result and previous investigations. This report is the first in a set of three for OU-1. The other reports are the baseline risk assessment and feasibility study. The information in these reports will lead to a Record of Decision that will guide and conclude the environmental restoration effort for OU-1 at Eielson Air Force Base. The primary contaminants of concern include fuels and fuel-related contaminants (diesel; benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene; total petroleum hydrocarbon; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), maintenance-related solvents and cleaners (volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons such as trichloroothylene), polychlorinated biphenyls, and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). The origins of contaminants of concern include leaks from storage tanks, drums and piping, and spills. Ongoing operations and past sitewide practices also contribute to contaminants of concern at OU-1 source areas. These include spraying mixed oil and solvent wastes on unpaved roads and aerial spraying of DDT

  6. Operable Unit 1 remedial investigation report, Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilmore, T.J.; Fruland, R.M.; Liikala, T.L. [and others

    1994-06-01

    This remedial investigation report for operable Unit 1 (OU-1) at Eielson Air Force Base presents data, calculations, and conclusions as to the nature and extent of surface and subsurface contamination at the eight source areas that make up OU-1. The information is based on the 1993 field investigation result and previous investigations. This report is the first in a set of three for OU-1. The other reports are the baseline risk assessment and feasibility study. The information in these reports will lead to a Record of Decision that will guide and conclude the environmental restoration effort for OU-1 at Eielson Air Force Base. The primary contaminants of concern include fuels and fuel-related contaminants (diesel; benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene; total petroleum hydrocarbon; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), maintenance-related solvents and cleaners (volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons such as trichloroothylene), polychlorinated biphenyls, and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). The origins of contaminants of concern include leaks from storage tanks, drums and piping, and spills. Ongoing operations and past sitewide practices also contribute to contaminants of concern at OU-1 source areas. These include spraying mixed oil and solvent wastes on unpaved roads and aerial spraying of DDT.

  7. Force Reduction Impacts on Resourcing Army Operational Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-10

    units conducting reintegration, unit reconstitution, key personnel turnover , medical readiness reintegration, professional military education (PME) and...functionality and attributes. Some minor structural and coding updates were required to model key aspects of the Future Force Generation (FFG) model but this

  8. High-throughput atomic force microscopes operating in parallel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sadeghian Marnani, H.; Herfst, R.W.; Dekker, A.; Winters, J.; Bijnagte, A.A.; Rijnbeek, R.A.

    2017-01-01

    Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an essential nanoinstrument technique for several applications such as cell biology and nanoelectronics metrology and inspection. The need for statistically significant sample sizes means that data collection can be an extremely lengthy process in AFM. The use of a

  9. Hybrid Warfare: How to Shape Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-10

    admits that, “while we understand the essence of traditional military actions carried out by regular armed forces, we have only a superficial ...and ethnic tension among the population, establishing contacts and mobilizing organized crime groups. It does all these to set conditions and put

  10. DoD Information Operations Center for Research

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    This memorandum cancels Deputy Secretary of Defense Memorandum, "Information Operations Center of Excellence," dated Septembet 3, 2004, and redesignates the Naval Postgraduate's School (NPS), Information Operations (IO) Center of Excellence, as the DoD Information Operations Cetner for Research. As the DoD Information Operations Center for Research, the NPS shall provide graduate-level IO education and facilitate the exploration of new IO concepts, research, analysis, and field experimentation.

  11. Security Force Assistance Brigades: A Permanent Force for Regional Engagement and Building Operational Depth

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-25

    its vision to prevent, shape, and win our nation’s wars in the near future. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Security Force Assistance Brigades; Security Force...involved with creating and employing these brigades, it can better meet its vision to prevent, shape, and win our nation’s wars in the near future...include then-Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, rebuked these ideas because the military did not have the resources to allocate for these concepts.21 After

  12. Optimizing Long-Term Capital Planning for Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    ensure there are no SOF capability gaps in the future ( Steger , 2015). The USSOCOM J8 directorate is responsible for determining the appropriate force...LRCPT) ( Steger , 2015). The LRCPT views a 30-year horizon at the project level. To accomplish this, the LRCPT extends Program Objective Memorandum...budget data plus inflation and includes procurement and research, development, and test and evaluation amounts from known recurring programs ( Steger

  13. Military Assistance to Mexico: Use of Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    criminal non-state actors . ൣ U.S. Concerns A 2009 report by the U.S. Joint Forces Command (USJFC) compared Mexico to Pakistan, calling it a...Master of Military Studies Research Paper September 2009- April 2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Sa. CONTRACT NUMBER Military Assitance to Mexico : Use of...TASK NUMBER N/A Sf. WORK UNIT NUMBER N/A 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION USMC Command and Staff

  14. Research and Operations: Joining Forces to Improve Care for Veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hastings, S Nicole; Vaughan, Camille P; Stevens, Melissa; McGaughey, Molly

    2015-01-01

    The Veterans Health Administration's move to adopt a joint operations-research perspective in promoting clinical innovation in the health care system has led to an increasing number of researchers, clinicians, and policy leaders collaborating on quality improvement activities. We describe 2 such programs, both aimed at improving care for older veterans, which were conducted by teams with both research and operations experience. We explore differences in perspectives, contributions, and roles of various team members, as well as discuss benefits and challenges of research-operations partnerships in quality improvement activities.

  15. Modal Testing of Mechanical Structures Subject to Operational Excitation Forces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, N.; Brincker, Rune; Herlufsen, H.

    2000-01-01

    to the Operational Modal Analysis. For Operational Modal Analysis two different estimation techniques are used: a non-parametric technique based on Frequency Domain Decomposition (FDD), and a parametric technique working on the raw data in time domain, a data driven Stochastic Subspace Identification (SSI) algorithm......Operational Modal Analysis also known as Output Only Modal Analysis has in the recent years been used for extracting modal parameters of civil engineering structures and is now becoming popular for mechanical structures. The advantage of the method is that no artificial excitation need...

  16. U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-06

    Command South (SOCSOUTH), Homestead Air Force Base, FL; supports U.S. Southern Command; its CCSA is the Army;  Special Operations Command Africa...Navy;  Special Operations Command Korea (SOCKOR), Yongsang, Korea ; supports U.S. Forces Korea , its CCSA is the Army; and  Special Operations...amalgamation of rigorously screened and accessed Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Civilians. These men and women possess unique and specialized skills

  17. Status Report of the Inter-Laboratory Task Force on Remote Operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phinney, Nan

    2001-12-13

    The next generation of particle accelerators will be major projects which may require a new mode of international and inter-laboratory collaboration. They are likely to be too costly to be funded by a single nation and too large to be built by a single laboratory. The tremendous technical challenge of a new facility requires a critical mass of highly qualified and experienced physicists and engineers. These experts are presently distributed among the major accelerator centers around the world and it is believed important to maintain and develop this broad base of expertise. The successful accelerator technology development of recent decades depended on extensive exchange of people with complementary technical skills. Therefore, it is desirable and probably necessary that several accelerator laboratories will participate in any future project. A consequence of a multi-laboratory project is that the accelerator will be located a considerable distance from most of the contributing institutions which design, build and operate it. These considerations led the International Committee for Future Accelerators to initiate a study on the general and technical implications of such a collaboration. Two task forces were formed in February 2000 to conduct this study and they were asked to prepare a report on a time scale of one year. The task force on Remote Operation included members from most of the major accelerator laboratories around the world with expertise on accelerator operation, controls software, communication technologies, hardware design and maintenance. The task force members gathered information from the experts at their own institutions and from available experience in other fields, particularly astronomy.

  18. Battle Management as a Basic Air Force Doctrine Operational Function

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rhone, Jon M

    2008-01-01

    According to JP 1-02, Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms, battle management is "The management of activities within the operational environment, based on the commands...

  19. Information Overload and the Operational Commander

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fuller, John

    2000-01-01

    .... Decision making paralysis occurs after an individual becomes information saturated. This phenomena is not unique to the military, and many clues for better information management can be found in the business world on Wall Street...

  20. Canadian Air Force Leadership and Command: Implications for the Human Dimension of Expeditionary Air Force Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-11-01

    de la DRDC Toronto CR 2006-297 x Force aérienne « des lacunes profondes en matière de leadership ». La mise sur pied du Centre de guerre...et du commandement au sein de la Force aérienne. Les causes profondes de nombreux problèmes actuels en matière de leadership et de commandement au...unclassified, designated and classified computer networks and associated peripherals at the Wing. Other functions may include web management and minor

  1. Problem decomposition by mutual information and force-based clustering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otero, Richard Edward

    The scale of engineering problems has sharply increased over the last twenty years. Larger coupled systems, increasing complexity, and limited resources create a need for methods that automatically decompose problems into manageable sub-problems by discovering and leveraging problem structure. The ability to learn the coupling (inter-dependence) structure and reorganize the original problem could lead to large reductions in the time to analyze complex problems. Such decomposition methods could also provide engineering insight on the fundamental physics driving problem solution. This work forwards the current state of the art in engineering decomposition through the application of techniques originally developed within computer science and information theory. The work describes the current state of automatic problem decomposition in engineering and utilizes several promising ideas to advance the state of the practice. Mutual information is a novel metric for data dependence and works on both continuous and discrete data. Mutual information can measure both the linear and non-linear dependence between variables without the limitations of linear dependence measured through covariance. Mutual information is also able to handle data that does not have derivative information, unlike other metrics that require it. The value of mutual information to engineering design work is demonstrated on a planetary entry problem. This study utilizes a novel tool developed in this work for planetary entry system synthesis. A graphical method, force-based clustering, is used to discover related sub-graph structure as a function of problem structure and links ranked by their mutual information. This method does not require the stochastic use of neural networks and could be used with any link ranking method currently utilized in the field. Application of this method is demonstrated on a large, coupled low-thrust trajectory problem. Mutual information also serves as the basis for an

  2. Maximizing the Potential of the Special Operations Forces and General Purpose Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    Background The Congo Operations in 1964 can be organized into three distinct components. They are the aborted plans by the United States to employ a SOF...Selection Criteria Skills Required In the case of the Mayaguez, options were limited. The skills required would be surgical hostage rescue, the ability to...casualties, never entered the conversation while planning the operation, nor did the idea of being surgical . Surgical hostage rescue operations

  3. Modal Testing of Mechanical Structures subject to Operational Excitation Forces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, N.; Brincker, Rune; Herlufsen, H.

    2001-01-01

    Operational Modal Analysis also known as Output Only Modal Analysis has in the recent years been used for extracting modal parameters of civil engineering structures and is now becoming popular for mechanical structures. The advantage of the method is that no artificial excitation need to be appl......Operational Modal Analysis also known as Output Only Modal Analysis has in the recent years been used for extracting modal parameters of civil engineering structures and is now becoming popular for mechanical structures. The advantage of the method is that no artificial excitation need...

  4. Moral forces: interpreting ethical challenges in military operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Graaff, Miriam

    2017-01-01

    The studies presented in this dissertation reveal three broad types of ethical challenges during military operations at an individual level that are caused by social interactions of military personnel, regardless of rank. The first encompasses ethical challenges related to encounters with other

  5. Information Operations, an Evolutionary Step for the Mexican Armed Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    Trafficking. These activities have been issues for the Colombian government since coca growers from Peru brought the techniques and knowledge of how...en Acción, see: Presidencia República de Colombia, "Palabras del Presidente Uribe en Celebración del Día de Independencia de Colombia en Nueva York...República de Colombia. "Palabras del Presidente Uribe en Celebración del Día de Independencia de Colombia en Nueva York [Speech from President Uribe

  6. Information Operations, an Evolutionary Step for the Mexican Armed Forces

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bandala-Garza, Saul H; Vargas Schulz, David

    2007-01-01

    .... Mexico's current threats consist of drug trafficking, which has resulted in increased levels of violence and rebel insurgencies that have also transitioned from revolutionary nationalists to violent criminals...

  7. Methods to Improve Cultural Communication Skills in Special Operations Forces

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wise, J

    1998-01-01

    .... Three culture-specific templates were developed, each describing a culture and identifying culture-specific behaviors that were prioritized through focus groups of cultural informants and clustering analysis...

  8. 77 FR 7243 - Proposed Information Collection (Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Operation Enduring Freedom/ Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans... ``OMB Control No. 2900-0728.'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Veterans Health Needs Assessment, VA Form 10-21091. OMB Control Number: 2900-0728. Type of...

  9. Employment and Management Considerations of Hungarian Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    A professzionalizálódó Magyar Honvédség hivatásos állománya munkahelyi elégedettségének alakulása 1996-2007 között” [The Changes in Workplace...Hungarian Ministry of Defense Tájékoztató az országgyűlési képviselők részére a honvédelmi politika 2008. évi megvalósításáról, a Magyar Honvédség...battalion, a combat support battalion and the 25/88th LMB. Ministry of Defense, A Magyar Honvédség évkönyve 2009 [Yearbook of the Hungarian Defense Forces

  10. Capturing intra-operative safety information using surgical wikis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Michael; Agha, Riaz; Coughlan, Jane

    2013-03-01

    Expert surgeons use a mass of intra-operative information, as well as pre- and post-operative information to complete operations safely. Trainees acquired this intra-operative knowledge at the operating table, now largely diminished by the working time directive. Wikis offer unexplored approaches to capturing and disseminating expert knowledge to further promote safer surgery for the trainee. Grafting an abdominal aortic aneurysm represents a potentially high-risk operation demanding extreme safety measures. Operative details, presented on a surgical wiki in the form of a script and content analysed to classify types of safety information. The intra-operative part of the script contained 2,743 items of essential surgical information, comprising 21 sections, 405 steps and 2,317 items of back-up information; 155 (5.7%) of them were also specific intra-operative safety checks. Best case scenarios consisted of 1,077 items of intra-operative information, 69 of which were safety checks. Worse case and rare scenarios required a further 1,666 items of information, including 86 safety checks. Wikis are relevant to surgical practice specifically as a platform for knowledge sharing and optimising the available operating time of trainees, as a very large amount of minutely detailed information essential for a safe major operation can be captured.

  11. What It Takes. Air Force Command of Joint Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Operations Center DNA Defense Nuclear Agency DoD Department of Defense DRAT Disaster Response Assessment Team ENGR engineer EPOC (United States...USEUCOM Training Transformation in Support of C2 Transformation,” briefing, September 2003, p. 6. Command Concepts 35 Center ( EPOC ).35 Contrary to...most expectations of how the SJFHQ (CE) will work, the EPOC plans to deploy only around 20 of its staff to JTF headquarters. U.S. Pacific Command

  12. Special Operations Forces Interagency Counterterrorism Reference Manual. Third Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Ministry of Defense (MOD) and ANA became the responsibility of the Office of Military Cooperation-Afghanistan ( OMC -A), a U.S.- led multinational...organization operating from a tiny corner of a small compound in Kabul. OMC -A became the Office of Security Cooperation-Afghanistan (OSC- A) in July...Nongovernmental Organizations Intergovernmental Organizations NATO Training Mission-Afghanistan (NTM-A) (formerly OMC -A, OSC-A, and CTSC-A) UN

  13. Army Special Operations Forces Professional Military Education for the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    generations have done. Jean Piaget (1896–1980) Swiss cognitive psychologist CG: Hey DCO, you’re never going to believe this; come in here and shut...with it. The conclusion is predicated on well- documented history and the widely accepted principles of organizational theory . Obviously, there are...this mission. When conducting FID, as well as all special operations, the officer leader: must approach each conflict with a distinctive theory of

  14. Fulfillment of Urgent Operational Needs. Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-01

    Zakheim Booz Allen Hamilton GOVERNMENT ADVISORS Mr Kevin Arnwine Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) for Investment Mr Tom Dee...Chief of Naval Operations, US Navy Mr. Blaise Durante , Deputy Assistant Secretary for Acquisition Integration, US Air Force Resolving Service and...Various Topics: The MRAP Task Force, the 253 Report and the S&T Budget PRESENTATIONS TO THE TASK FORCE I 55 Col Kevin Peterson, Program Manager

  15. Architectural study of the design and operation of advanced force feedback manual controllers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesar, Delbert; Kim, Whee-Kuk

    1990-01-01

    A teleoperator system consists of a manual controller, control hardware/software, and a remote manipulator. It was employed in either hazardous or unstructured, and/or remote environments. In teleoperation, the main-in-the-loop is the central concept that brings human intelligence to the teleoperator system. When teleoperation involves contact with an uncertain environment, providing the feeling of telepresence to the human operator is one of desired characteristics of the teleoperator system. Unfortunately, most available manual controllers in bilateral or force-reflecting teleoperator systems can be characterized by their bulky size, high costs, or lack of smoothness and transparency, and elementary architectures. To investigate other alternatives, a force-reflecting, 3 degree of freedom (dof) spherical manual controller is designed, analyzed, and implemented as a test bed demonstration in this research effort. To achieve an improved level of design to meet criteria such as compactness, portability, and a somewhat enhanced force-reflecting capability, the demonstration manual controller employs high gear-ratio reducers. To reduce the effects of the inertia and friction on the system, various force control strategies are applied and their performance investigated. The spherical manual controller uses a parallel geometry to minimize inertial and gravitational effects on its primary task of transparent information transfer. As an alternative to the spherical 3-dof manual controller, a new conceptual (or parallel) spherical 3-dof module is introduced with a full kinematic analysis. Also, the resulting kinematic properties are compared to those of other typical spherical 3-dof systems. The conceptual design of a parallel 6-dof manual controller and its kinematic analysis is presented. This 6-dof manual controller is similar to the Stewart Platform with the actuators located on the base to minimize the dynamic effects. Finally, a combination of the new 3-dof and 6-dof

  16. Cost and Operational Effectiveness Analysis of Aiternative Force Structures for Fulfillment of the United States Marine Corps Operational Support Airlift and Search and Rescue Missions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chase, Eric

    2000-01-01

    This thesis provides a preliminary cost and operational effectiveness analysis of alternative force structures for the United States Marine Corps operational support airlift and search and rescue missions...

  17. The psychological coping, learning potential and career preferences profiles of operational force military candidates

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Beer, M

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to profile the psychological coping, learning potential and career-related interests of 251 candidates for operational force military selection for the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) – 26 of whom were...

  18. Exploration of Force Transition in Stability Operations Using Multi-Agent Simulation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vaughan, Jr, David P

    2006-01-01

    .... The Pythagoras Multi-Agent Simulation and Data Farming techniques are used to investigate force-level comparisons in a theoretical threat continuum based on a peacekeeping scenario similar to the Bosnian operation...

  19. The Operational Preparedness of United States Air Force Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists to Provide Trauma Anesthesia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Frank, Michael W

    1999-01-01

    ...) must expand their role while deployed and be skilled in the management of trauma. Treating traumatically injured patients in Air Force hospitals is limited while working outside of the operational theater...

  20. Reform of Command and Control Structures in North Atlantic Treaty Organization Special Operations Forces

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Berg, Robert S

    2007-01-01

    .... The central research question is as follows: Does NATO require a standing Special Operations Force Command and Control structure and combat capability to meet the emerging global security requirements of the Alliance...

  1. Military Operations Against Terrorist Groups Abroad: Implications for the United States Air Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ochmanek, David

    2003-01-01

    .... The purpose of this study is to help defense planners anticipate the types of demands that future operations against terrorists will place on the armed forces of the United States, particularly...

  2. Comparison of a Distributed Operations Force to a Traditional Force in Urban Combat

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Babilot, Michael

    2005-01-01

    ...). The employment of a DO is compared to employment of a traditional Marine infantry platoon in an urban combat scenario based upon data obtained from Operation al-Fajr, conducted in Fallujah, Iraq, in November 2004...

  3. 76 FR 73022 - Agency Information Collection (Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Seriously...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Operation Enduring Freedom/ Operation Iraqi Freedom Seriously... Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom Seriously Injured/Ill Service Member Veteran Worksheet, VA Form 21... Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom service members who have at least six months remaining...

  4. Measuring Resilience to Operational Stress in Canadian Armed Forces Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hellewell, Sarah C; Cernak, Ibolja

    2018-02-01

    Adaptability to stress is governed by innate resilience, comprised of complex neuroendocrine and immune mechanisms alongside inherited or learned behavioral traits. Based on their capacity to adapt, some people thrive in stressful situations, whereas others experience maladaptation. In our study, we used state-of-the-art tools to assess the resilience level in individuals, as well as their susceptibility to developing military stress-induced behavioral and cognitive deficits. To address this complex question, we tested Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel in three distinct stress environments (baselines): during predeployment training, deployment in Afghanistan, and readjustment upon return to Canada. Our comprehensive outcome measures included psychometric tests, saliva biomarkers, and computerized cognitive tests that used the Cambridge Neuropsychological Automated Test Battery. Participants were categorized based on initial biomarker measurements as being at low-, moderate-, or high stress-maladaptation risk. Biomarkers showed significant changes (ds = 0.56 to 2.44) between baselines, calculated as "delta" changes. Participants at low stress-maladaptation risk demonstrated minimal changes, whereas those at high stress-maladaptation risk showed significant biomarker variations. The psychometric patterns and cognitive functions were likewise affected across baselines, suggesting that the panel of saliva stress biomarkers could be a useful tool for determining the risk of stress maladaptation that can cause psychological and cognitive decline. Copyright © 2018 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.

  5. Coalition Information Assurance - Common Operating Picture (CIA-COP)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Scheiderich, Louis

    2005-01-01

    .... Cyber Panel sought to provide high-level capabilities to help defend mission-critical information systems by monitoring them for signs of cyber attack and allowing operators to manage the operation...

  6. The Test of Terrain: The Impact of Stability Operations Upon the Armed Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    exercise of initiative and imagination, a fact not always welcomed by the establishment after operations cease. * Despite general European public " shyness ...Studies Institute co-hosted a conference on "The Impact of Stability Operations Upon the Armed Forces" in cooperation with the Centre d’Etudes en...the belated environment, "lessons" need to be " learned " and recognition that what was first seen as cowardice implanted in the deployed force rapidly

  7. Special Operations Forces (SOF) technical analysis and evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-08-31

    In response to Task Order 001, Los Alamos National Laboratory Contract 9-L5H-1508P-1, Betac Corporation is pleased to provide ten quick-response, short-term analytical papers in support of Low Intensity Conflict (LIC) and Special Operations (SO). The papers are study methodologies which provide background, baseline, concepts, approaches, and recommendations in the mission areas identified in the Statement of Work. Although the Statement of Work specifies only nine papers, a tenth paper has been included addressing Command Relationships, since this subject affects all other topics and is of critical importance to USCINCSOC in establishing the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). Each paper addresses the feasibility of further effort in each area of interest. The ten papers address: (1) mission support systems; (2) research, development, and acquisition; (3) headquarters equipment; (4) C3I architecture; (5) intelligence dissemination; (6) intelligence collection management; (7) intelligence support to SOF targeting; (8) joint mission area analysis (JMAA); (9) joint SOF master plan; and (10) command relationships.

  8. Special Operations Forces Language and Culture Needs Assessment: Immersion Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    in TL Listen in TL Train or teach other in TL Conduct business negotiations in TL Use TL to maintain control Use TL to persuade people Use informal... teach what you’re going to do, you do a practical exercise where they’re integrating, the person’s integrating what you just taught them in a...Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 32, 1-45. Constantino, R. (1994). A study concerning instruction of ESL students comparing all-English classroom

  9. Intra-operative measurement of applied forces during anterior scoliosis correction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fairhurst, H; Little, J P; Adam, C J

    2016-12-01

    Spinal instrumentation and fusion for the treatment of scoliosis is primarily a mechanical intervention to correct the deformity and halt further progression. While implant-related complications remain a concern, little is known about the magnitudes of the forces applied to the spine during surgery, which may affect post-surgical outcomes. In this study, the compressive forces applied to each spinal segment during anterior instrumentation were measured in a series of patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. A force transducer was designed and retrofit to a routinely used surgical tool, and compressive forces applied to each segment during surgery were measured for 15 scoliosis patients. Cobb angle correction achieved by each force was measured on intra-operative fluoroscope images. Relative changes in orientation of the screw within the vertebra were also measured to detect intra-operative screw plough. Intra-operative forces were measured for a total of 95 spinal segments. The mean applied compressive force was 540N (SD 230N, range 88N-1019N). There was a clear trend for higher forces to be applied at segments toward the apex of the scoliosis. Fluoroscopic evidence of screw plough was detected at 10 segments (10.5%). The magnitude of forces applied during anterior scoliosis correction vary over a broad range. These forces do reach magnitudes capable of causing intra-operative vertebral body screw plough. Surgeons should be aware there is a risk for tissue overload during correction, however the clinical implications of intra-operative screw plough remain unclear. The dataset presented here is valuable for providing realistic input parameters for in silico surgical simulations. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Tactical Information Operations in Contemporary COIN Campaigns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Thomas Elkjer

    Dette Research Paper omhandler hvordan det moderne informationsmiljø påvirker oprørsbekæmpelsesoperationer i dag, og hvordan Informations Operationer (INFO OPS) understøtter oprørsbekæmpelsesoperationer på det taktiske niveau. Research Paperet ser endvidere på hvilke teknikker og kapaciteter der ...

  11. Operational Resilience Improving Criteria in case of Information Security Incidents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. A. Demin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resilience management system states and behavior are described with the use of fuzzy Petri net. Operational resilience improving criteria in case of information security incidents is defined. Information security incident response management model is introduced.

  12. Dynamic forces and an actual load of a wire rope during its operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritók Juraj

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Wire ropes are stressed by static and dynamic forces during their operation. The calculation of the wire ropes is based on their static stress.The dynamic forces are influenced by a higher value of safety. The intensity of the dynamic forces can be determined by a calculation, and by a practical measurement. The measurement was realized by the indicator of tension „Talaten“. The experimental work were caried out using the tensometric principle. The out-put of the obtained values is a graphical presentation with using a special software on PC. The dynamic forces and loads were measured on the hoisting wire rope. From measured data, the value of dynamic coeficient of rope was determined. The obtained measured values were compared with the results of empirical calculations.The knowledge of dynamic forces of ropes is of great importance for their safe operation, service life and economoc effect for users.

  13. Use of Minicameras to Improve Operative Procedure in Security Forces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clemente-Suárez, Vicente Javier; Diaz-Manzano, Montaña; Robles-Pérez, José Juan

    2017-09-01

    The aim of the present study was to analyze pistol and compact rifle marksmanship in close quarter combat (CQC). There is currently a controversy about what weapon is most appropriate to use in CQC, short weapon as pistols or long weapons as rifle. Forty two participants conducted two close quarter combat simulations, one with pistol and one with compact rifle. Marksmanship and time to cover the simulation were measured. Data obtained showed no significant differences between pistol and compact rifle. In addition, it was observed a tendency to obtain higher scores with compact rifle, probably be due to the higher stability provided in the shot action. Compact rifle could be an effective election in actual theaters of operation in which asymmetrical and symmetrical combat are combined and also in police interventions due to compact rifle provide higher fire power and range and obtained the same shooting performance than pistol. To the best of our knowledge this is the first study that provides empirical data to solve the discussion about the efficiency of the use of rifle and pistol in close quarter combat in military and police interventions. These results could be used to improve the military and police interventions efficiency.

  14. Partially reversible quantum operations and their information-theoretical properties

    CERN Document Server

    Ban, M

    2003-01-01

    Partial reversibility of quantum operations (or quantum channels) is considered from the information-theoretical point of view. The necessary and sufficient condition for quantum operations to be partially reversible is shown. The condition can be expressed in terms of information-theoretical quantities (von Neumann entropy and PSI-information). The quantum information-theoretical meanings of the condition are discussed. The results are compared with those obtained for completely reversible quantum operations. The PSI-information is calculated for the quantum depolarizing channel of a qubit and the linear dissipative channel of a single-mode bosonic system.

  15. Strategic Usefulness of Conventional Force/Special Operations Force Interdependence in Irregular Warfare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    War : Afghanistan and the Vietnam Template,” Military Review 89, no. 6 (November – December 2009): 7. 99 Ibid., 7. 100 Ty Connett and Bob Cassidy...Refighting the Last War : Afghanistan and the Vietnam Template.” Military Review 89, no. 6 (November – December 2009): 2 – 14. Joint Chiefs of Staff...thesis suggests that SOF may gain the greatest strategic utility in irregular wars when operating independently against irregular threats. 14

  16. Strategic and operational information watch newsletter nr 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2016-12-01

    This newsletter proposes an overview of events related to security and defence issues in relationship with impacts of climate change. A first part reports a strategic watch which addresses the following topics: the environment taken into account by the International Criminal Court, impacts of climate change on tensions about rural estate in Africa, resolution of the European Parliament on the European Union of Defence, environmental and energy strategy of the Danish Ministry of Defence, COP22 in Marrakech, and so on. The second part reports an operational information watch addresses the threat on the US DoD environmental agenda by the new Trump administration, the adaptation of US forces to climate changes, the threat of climate change on US DoD infrastructures, a US base self-sufficient in energy, NATO actions for energy efficiency, thermal regulation improvement for soldiers, impact of El Nino on the propagation of the Zika virus, launching of the Lancet countdown. The newsletter finally indicates some brief news, events and recent publications

  17. 76 FR 11307 - Small Business Information Security Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ... action item to refine the scope requirements for the Task Force with specific questions of Identity Theft... whether funding was available. Suggestions were made of the possibility of the corporate members providing...

  18. Event Sequence Analysis of the Air Intelligence Agency Information Operations Center Flight Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Larsen, Glen

    1998-01-01

    This report applies Event Sequence Analysis, methodology adapted from aircraft mishap investigation, to an investigation of the performance of the Air Intelligence Agency's Information Operations Center (IOC...

  19. Porter S Five Forces Model Scott Morton S Five Forces Model Bakos Treacy Model Analyzes Strategic Information Systems Management

    OpenAIRE

    Gamayanto, Indra

    2004-01-01

    Wollongong City Council (WCC) is one of the most progressive and innovative local government organizations in Australia. Wollongong City Council use Information Technology to gain the competitive advantage and to face a global economy in the future. Porter's Five Force model is one of the models that can be using at Wollongong City Council because porter's five Forces model has strength in relationship between buyer and suppliers (Bargaining power of suppliers and bargaining power of buyers)....

  20. Quasi in situ scanning force microscope with an automatic operated reaction chamber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hund, Markus; Olszowka, Violetta; Fischer, Franz; Krejtschi, Heinz

    2011-11-01

    We describe the design and performance of a quasi in situ scanning force microscope with an automatic operated reaction chamber. The design provides a repetitive hermetically sealed sample environment for successive processing. The reaction chamber is based on a combination of a flexure-guided cover, a piezo-positioning system and a force applicator system. An axial force seals the cover against the reactor enabling flow-through applications at low pressure, ambient pressure, or elevated pressure. The position stability of the sample relative to the probe is characterized and a full automated operation of the instrument is explored by the alignment of an ABC terblock copolymer thin film undergoing solvent vapor annealing in the presence of a high electric field. Due to the high electric field strength and the sharp scanning force microscope tip it is impossible to perform in situ scanning in the presence of the electric field. © 2011 American Institute of Physics

  1. Organizing Special Operations Forces: Navigating the Paradoxical Requirements of Institutional-Bureaucratic and operational Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalgaard-Nielsen, Anja

    2017-01-01

    Increased focus on the potential of special operations has lead several countries to establish dedicated special operations organizations. Analysts have warned against bureaucratization, yet little research has explored the effect of organizational formalization or asked how best to organize....... This article draws from research into high-reliability organizations and interviews in Denmark’s Special Operations Command. It contrasts the demands of the command’s institutional-bureaucratic and operational environments and argues that the ability to straddle them is key to success. The high......-reliability organization’s ability to match divergent problems with dissimilar internal organizational behaviors is held out as a model for inspiration....

  2. The concept of information support system for operational personnel of operating NPPs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dunaev, V.G.; Golovanov, V.V.

    1993-01-01

    The paper has been prepared on the materials of the concept developed by the order of ''Rosenergoatom'' concern. In the present paper the main definitions, the principal objectives and functions of the operator support system (OSS) are stated, a brief analysis of operation features of some existing operator information systems is presented, the main trends of development of operator information support system are given, the way and the sequence for implementation of the systems for operating NPPs are reviewed. In this proposed concept in the first place are considered the information support systems for the operators of the power unit main control rooms, however, the presented principles may be applied while designing information support systems for operators of other control rooms of NPP. 4 refs

  3. Force Structure: Better Information Needed to Support Air Force A-10 and Other Future Divestment Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    timeframes and identify and examine new concepts and capabilities. • Future F-35 versions are expected to improve on CAS capability from the “basic...in Vietnam Rep. Otis Pike chaired a subcommittee for 7 days to investigate Vietnam CAS deficiencies. 1966 Johnson- McConnell Agreement Air Force...First F-16 delivered to Air Force 1982 The Army developed concept on AirLand battle U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command developed this concept to

  4. Operation of a forced two phase cooling system on a large superconducting magnet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green, M.A.; Burns, W.A.; Eberhard, P.H.; Gibson, G.H.; Pripstein, M.; Ross, R.R.; Smits, R.G.; Taylor, J.D.; Van Slyke, H.

    1980-05-01

    This paper describes the operation of a forced two phase cooling system on a two meter diameter superconducting solenoid. The magnet is a thin high current density superconducting solenoid which is cooled by forced two phase helium in tubes around the coil. The magnet, which is 2.18 meters in diameter and 3.4 meters long, has a cold mass of 1700 kg. The two phase cooling system contains less than 300 liters of liquid helium, most of which is contained in a control dewar. This paper describes the operating characteristics of the LBL two phase forced cooling system during cooldown and warm up. The paper presents experimental data on operations of the magnet using either a helium pump or the refrigerator compressor to circulate two phase helium through the superconducting coil cooling tubes

  5. Force

    CERN Document Server

    Graybill, George

    2007-01-01

    Forces are at work all around us. Discover what a force is, and different kinds of forces that work on contact and at a distance. We use simple language and vocabulary to make this invisible world easy for students to ""see"" and understand. Examine how forces ""add up"" to create the total force on an object, and reinforce concepts and extend learning with sample problems.

  6. Weighted E-Spaces and Epistemic Information Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Burgin

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Information is usually related to knowledge. Here, we present a broader picture in which information is associated with epistemic structures, which form cognitive infological systems as basic recipients and creators of cognitive information. Infological systems are modeled by epistemic spaces, while operators in these spaces are mathematical models of information. Information that acts on epistemic structures is called cognitive information, while information that acts on knowledge structures is called epistemic information. The latter brings new and updates existing knowledge, being of primary importance to people. In this paper, both types of information are studied as operators in epistemic spaces based on the general theory of information. As a synthetic approach, which reveals the essence of information, organizing and encompassing all main directions in information theory, the general theory of information provides efficient means for such a study. Different types of information dynamics representation use tools from various mathematical disciplines, such as the theory of categories, functional analysis, mathematical logic and algebra. In this paper, we base our exploration of information and knowledge dynamics on functional analysis further developing the mathematical stratum of the general theory of information.

  7. Unexplored territory in the AFM force curve contains nanomechanics information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven J. Eppell

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available We demonstrate the existence of a previously unknown damped oscillating signal just after the point when an atomic force microscope tip hits a sample surface. This oscillating signal is below the noise in a single force-displacement measurement. Autocorrelating 20 measurements using the snap to contact feature as the reference mark allows the oscillation to be clearly visible above the noise. We show that the amplitude of the signal’s oscillation is largely insensitive to the speed with which the sample is brought toward the tip proving that the impulse that generates the signal comes primarily from the snap-to-contact event. This speed-independence sets a lower limit on how softly a sample may be interrogated when measuring mechanical properties in the surface region. Collection and analysis of this damped oscillating signal eliminates the need for standard low bandwidth lock-in based techniques to determine time dependent surface mechanical properties. This allows conventional atomic force microscopes to make a single pass of force collection over a surface and, after post-processing, yield the full time dependent mechanical behavior of the surface. To demonstrate a practical use of the oscillations, we produce images of a polystyrene/polyethylene sample where the contrast mechanisms are stiffness and viscosity.

  8. Development of an Information Security Awareness Training Program for the Royal Saudi Naval Forces (RSNF)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Alageel, Sami

    2003-01-01

    The Royal Saudi Naval Forces (RSNF) are vulnerable to the same kinds of threats to its information infrastructure as the rest of the industrialized nations, As an officer in the RSNF, I am familiar with the special information...

  9. Standard operating procedure for air quality stationary source management at Air Force installations in the Air Force Materiel Command

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Powell, C.M.; Ryckman, S.J. [Headquarters Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States). Environmental Compliance Branch

    1997-12-31

    To sustain compliance and avoid future enforcement actions associated with air quality stationary sources and to provide installation commanders with a certification process for Title V permitting, and Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Stationary Source Management has been developed. The SOP consists of two major sections: Stationary Source Planning and Administration, and Stationary Source Operations These two main sections are further subdivided into twelve subsections which delineate requirements (e.g. maintaining inventories, applying for and maintaining permits, keeping records, reporting and certifying compliance) and assign ownership of processes and responsibilities (e.g. appointing a manager/alternate for each identified stationary air source). In addition, the SOP suggests training that should be provided from operator to commander levels to ensure that all personnel involved with a stationary air source are aware of their responsibilities. Implementation of the SOP should provide for the essential control necessary for installation commanders to eliminate stationary air source non-compliance and to certify compliance in accordance with the Title V Operating Permit requirements. This paper will discuss: the background and purpose for the SOPs content, the twelve subsections of the SOP, the success of implementation at various installations, the relevance or the recommended training, the success of negotiating with various labor unions for SOP implementation and the success of the SOP in reference to its intended purpose.

  10. General operator form of the non-local three-nucleon force

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Topolnicki, K. [Jagiellonian University, M. Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Krakow (Poland)

    2017-09-15

    This paper describes a procedure to obtain the general form of the three-nucleon force. The result is an operator form where the momentum space matrix element of the three-nucleon potential is written as a linear combination of 320 isospin-spin-momentum operators and scalar functions of momenta. Any spatial and isospin rotation invariant three-nucleon force can be written in this way and in order for the potential to be Hermitian, symmetric under parity inversion, time reversal and particle exchange, the scalar functions must have definite transformation properties under these discrete operations. A complete list of the isospin-spin-momentum operators and scalar function transformation properties is given. (orig.)

  11. Leveraging information technology to enable network centric engineer reconnaissance operations

    OpenAIRE

    Barton, Keith W.

    2003-01-01

    The Naval Construction Force has traditionally depended on outside sources to obtain and analyze engineering data in contingency situations. The Navy has embarked on an initiative to develop Seabee Engineer Reconnaissance Teams to perform this function, both as a basis for projects slated for in-house construction and as a product to deliver to other organizations. Exercises and operations have thus far shown that the concept is viable, but Seabee Engineer Reconnaissance Teams have encountere...

  12. Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center, Volume 2, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    often sinulation can be done at significantlv \\ithin a reasonabe time Irame . less cost. In so1ime cases, at combination of phisical testing and...MONITORING ORGANIZATION Air Force Operational Test & (If applicable) Evaluation Center (AFOTEC) HQ AFOTEC 6c. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) 7b... Test and Evaluation 1/ n) Operations Research . Accession Fo- 19. ABSTRACT (Continue on reverse if necessary and identify by block number) NT IS GRA Z

  13. Operational Forces soldiers’ perceptions of attributes and skills for career success

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Rawoot, Ishreen

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available , good interpersonal skills (particularly with regard to interactions with superiors), maturity, professionalism, motivation and can work in a team or in isolation. These are illustrated in the quotes below: ‘You must be absolutely trustworthy – your...: The aim of the study was to explore the perceptions of Operational Forces soldiers regarding the unique requirements that facilitated their career success. Motivation for the study: A low percentage of candidates successfully complete the Operational...

  14. Report of the Public's Right to Information Task Force

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rubin, D.M.

    1979-10-01

    Information is presented concerning the public information chronology; Met Ed public relations; flow of public information during the accident at Three Mile Island; flow of public information on five key events during the accident at Three Mile Island; the journalist's perspective; content analysis of mass media coverage of the accident; local radio news coverage of the accident; and qualitative survey of newspaper coverage of the accident

  15. Report of the Public's Right to Information Task Force

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rubin, D.M.; Chaapel, H.A.; Cunningham, A.M.

    1979-10-01

    Information is presented concerning the public information chronology; MET ED public relations; flow of public information during the accident at Three Mile Island; flow of public information on five key events during the accident at Three Mile Island; the journalist's perspective; content analysis of mass media coverage of the accident; local radio news coverage of the accident; and qualitative survey of newspaper coverage of the accident

  16. Information Assurance for Network-Centric Naval Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    FORCES VLAN virtual local area network VOIP Voice over Internet Protocol VPN virtual private network VSCAN virus scan WIFI wireless fidelity XSS...performing this analysis is that Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) and Internet Protocol Security ( IPSec ) will be implemented by the Department of...protect traffic to and from individual devices or entire enclaves. Architects can leverage HAIPE for domain-per- tunnel encryption atop a shared common

  17. Operational Energy/Operational Effectiveness Investigation for Scalable Marine Expeditionary Brigade Forces in Contingency Response Scenarios

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    BACKGROUND In today’s austere fiscal environment the United States Marine Corps (USMC) is motivated to return balance to the expeditionary strength ...K. Lauren. 2007. “MANA (Map Aware Non-Uniform Automata) Version 4 User Manual.” Auckland , New Zealand: Operations Analysis Section, Defense

  18. An atomic force microscope operating at hypergravity for in situ measurement of cellular mechano-response

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Loon, J.J.W.A.; van Laar, M.C.; Korterik, J.P.; Segerink, F.B.; Wubbels, R.J.; de Jong, H.A.A.; van Hulst, N.F.

    2009-01-01

    We present a novel atomic force microscope (AFM) system, operational in liquid at variable gravity, dedicated to image cell shape changes of cells in vitro under hypergravity conditions. The hypergravity AFM is realized by mounting a stand-alone AFM into a large-diameter centrifuge. The balance

  19. Improving Command and Control in the Mexican Army and Air Force to Support Land Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    Facilities and Policy FLIR Forward Looking Infrared System FMF Fleet Marine Force FM Field Manual GDP Gross Domestic Product GPS Global Positioning...world market , this thesis will attempt to present optimal solutions to improve Command and Control in support of land operations. Significance of...researched manuals and public documents was considered employing criteria that meets validity, reliability, practicability, suitability and

  20. The Scope of Jurisdiction Provisions in Status of Forces Agreements Related to Crisis Management Operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hoek, B.; Nijhof, J.; Voetelink, J.

    2012-01-01

    Status of Forces Agreements (SOFAs) for crisis management operations generally provide for the exclusive criminal jurisdiction by the sending State over it soldiers for offences committed on the territory of the receiving State. The issue of whether SOFAs authorize the sending State to have their

  1. Special Forces Recruiting: The Operational Need for Targeted Recruitment of First and Second Generation Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    Indigenous forces were recruited and trained by the OSS to operate from bases deep behind Japanese lines. Since American agents in Burma would attract...Team ( CLT ) is comprised of the Commander (SF) and First Sergeant (79R), and although these individuals are not included as recruiters, they do act

  2. Operator Informational Needs for Multiple Autonomous Small Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trujillo, Anna C.; Fan, Henry; Cross, Charles D.; Hempley, Lucas E.; Cichella, Venanzio; Puig-Navarro, Javier; Mehdi, Syed Bilal

    2015-01-01

    With the anticipated explosion of small unmanned aerial vehicles, it is highly likely that operators will be controlling fleets of autonomous vehicles. To fulfill the promise of autonomy, vehicle operators will not be concerned with manual control of the vehicle; instead, they will deal with the overall mission. Furthermore, the one operator to many vehicles is becoming a constant meme with various industries including package delivery, search and rescue, and utility companies. In order for an operator to concurrently control several vehicles, his station must look and behave very differently than the current ground control station instantiations. Furthermore, the vehicle will have to be much more autonomous, especially during non-normal operations, in order to accommodate the knowledge deficit or the information overload of the operator in charge of several vehicles. The expected usage increase of small drones requires presenting the operational information generated by a fleet of heterogeneous autonomous agents to an operator. NASA Langley Research Center's Autonomy Incubator has brought together researchers in various disciplines including controls, trajectory planning, systems engineering, and human factors to develop an integrated system to study autonomy issues. The initial human factors effort is focusing on mission displays that would give an operator the overall status of all autonomous agents involved in the current mission. This paper will discuss the specifics of the mission displays for operators controlling several vehicles.

  3. How operator admittance affects the response of a teleoperation system to assistive forces – A model analytic study and simulation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wildenbeest, J. G. W.; Abbink, D. A.; Boessenkool, H.; Heemskerk, C. J. M.; Koning, J. F.

    2013-01-01

    Haptic shared control is a promising approach to increase the effectiveness of remote handling operations. While in haptic shared control the operator is continuously guided with assistive forces, the operator's response to forces is not fully understood. This study describes the development of

  4. The 2009 A(H1N1) influenza pandemic in the French Armed Forces: epidemiological surveillance and operational management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohl, Jean-Baptiste; Mayet, Aurélie; Bédubourg, Gabriel; Duron, Sandrine; Michel, Rémy; Deparis, Xavier; Rapp, Christophe; Godart, Patrick; Migliani, René; Meynard, Jean-Baptiste

    2014-02-01

    The main objective of this study was to evaluate the contribution of a newly implemented daily surveillance system to the management of the 2009 A(H1N1) influenza pandemic by the military decision-makers at different levels in the French Department of Defence. The study sample included all medical advisors in the Ministry of Defence and the French Armed Forces Staff and also the members of the specific committee dedicated to flu pandemic control. The variables studied were mental representation of epidemiology, relevance, usefulness, and real-time use of surveillance data using quantitative questionnaires and qualitative face-to-face semistructured interviews. Among the risk managers of the flu pandemic in the Armed Forces, 84% responded. The data generated by epidemiological surveillance were considered relevant and useful, and were reported as effectively used. On the basis of the information produced, concrete actions were planned and implemented in the French Armed Forces. In a pandemic situation involving low mortality, the daily monitoring of the disease did not target public health issues, but it was mainly used to assess the availability of the Armed Forces in real time. For the military staff, epidemiological surveillance represents an essential information tool for the conduct of operations. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  5. Terrorist Use of the Internet: Information Operations in Cyberspace

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-08

    terrorist financing enterprise. Internet Ponzi schemes , identity theft, counterfeiting, and other types of computer fraud have been shown to yield high...CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress Terrorist Use of the Internet: Information Operations in...reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching

  6. The impact of information technology on the operations of Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the impact of information technology on the operations of Nigerian banks five banks were randomly selected for the study, while three hundred and fifty (350) questionnaires were distributed to respondents, but only two hundred and sixty (260) were retrieved.The study revealed that information ...

  7. Method of Choosing the Information Technology System Supporting Management of the Military Aircraft Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barszcz Piotr

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a method of choosing the information technology system, the task of which is to support the management process of the military aircraft operation. The proposed method is based on surveys conducted among direct users of IT systems used in aviation of the Polish Armed Forces. The analysis of results of the surveys was conducted using statistical methods. The paper was completed with practical conclusions related to further usefulness of the individual information technology systems. In the future, they can be extremely useful in the process of selecting the best solutions and integration of the information technology systems

  8. Interdependence and Conventional and Special Operations Forces: A Decade of Tactical, Operational, and Strategic Effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-14

    UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER U.S. Army Command and General...CF and SOF units integrated out of necessity and through personal relationships, vice a common understanding of capabilities and an organizationally ...Stewart, The United States Army in Afghanistan: Operation Enduring Freedom October 2001 - March 2002, CMH PUB 70-83-1 (Histories Division of the

  9. Operator interface design considerations for a PACS information management system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinke, James E.; Nabijee, Kamal H.; Freeman, Rick H.; Prior, Fred W.

    1990-08-01

    As prototype PACS grow into fully digital departmental and hospital-wide systems, effective information storage and retrieval mechanisms become increasingly important. Thus far, designers of PACS workstations have concentrated on image communication and display functionality. The new challenge is to provide appropriate operator interface environments to facilitate information retrieval. The "Marburg Model" 1 provides a detailed analysis of the functions, control flows and data structures used in Radiology. It identifies a set of "actors" who perform information manipulation functions. Drawing on this model and its associated methodology it is possible to identify four modes of use of information systems in Radiology: Clinical Routine, Research, Consultation, and Administration. Each mode has its own specific access requirements and views of information. An operator interface strategy appropriate for each mode will be proposed. Clinical Routine mode is the principal concern of PACS primary diagnosis workstations. In a full PACS implementation, such workstations must provide a simple and consistent navigational aid for the on-line image database, a local work list of cases to be reviewed, and easy access to information from other hospital information systems. A hierarchical method of information access is preferred because it provides the ability to start at high-level entities and iteratively narrow the scope of information from which to select subsequent operations. An implementation using hierarchical, nested software windows which fulfills such requirements shall be examined.

  10. Visual and somatosensory information about object shape control manipulative fingertip forces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenmalm, P; Johansson, R S

    1997-06-01

    We investigated the importance of visual versus somatosensory information for the adaptation of the fingertip forces to object shape when humans used the tips of the right index finger and thumb to lift a test object. The angle of the two flat grip surfaces in relation to the vertical plane was changed between trials from -40 to 30 degrees. At 0 degrees the two surfaces were parallel, and at positive and negative angles the object tapered upward and downward, respectively. Subjects automatically adapted the balance between the horizontal grip force and the vertical lift force to the object shape and thereby maintained a rather constant safety margin against frictional slips, despite the huge variation in finger force requirements. Subjects used visual cues to adapt force to object shape parametrically in anticipation of the force requirements imposed once the object was contacted. In the absence of somatosensory information from the digits, sighted subjects still adapted the force coordination to object shape, but without vision and somatosensory inputs the performance was severely impaired. With normal digital sensibility, subjects adapted the force coordination to object shape even without vision. Shape cues obtained by somatosensory mechanisms were expressed in the motor output about 0. 1 sec after contact. Before this point in time, memory of force coordination used in the previous trial controlled the force output. We conclude that both visual and somatosensory inputs can be used in conjunction with sensorimotor memories to adapt the force output to object shape automatically for grasp stability.

  11. PORTER S FIVE FORCES MODEL SCOTT MORTON S FIVE FORCES MODEL BAKOS TREACY MODEL ANALYZES STRATEGIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indra Gamayanto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Wollongong City Council (WCC is one of the most progressive and innovative local government organizations in Australia. Wollongong City Council use Information Technology to gain the competitive advantage and to face a global economy in the future. Porter's Five Force model is one of the models that can be using at Wollongong City Council because porter's five Forces model has strength in relationship between buyer and suppliers (Bargaining power of suppliers and bargaining power of buyers. Other model such as Scott Morton's Five Forces model has strength to analyze the social impact factor, so to gain competitive advantage in the future and have a good IT/IS strategic planning; this model can be use also. Bakos & Treacy model almost the same as Porter's model but Bakos & Treacy model can also be applying into Wollongong City Council to improve the capability in Transforming organization, efficiency, and effectiveness.

  12. Robust operation and performance of integrated carbon nanotubes atomic force microscopy probes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rius, G; Clark, I T; Yoshimura, M

    2013-01-01

    We present a complete characterization of carbon nanotubes-atomic force microscopy (CNT-AFM) probes to evaluate the cantilever operation and advanced properties originating from the CNTs. The fabrication consists of silicon probes tip-functionalized with multiwalled CNTs by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. A dedicated methodology has been defined to evaluate the effect of CNT integration into the Si cantilevers. The presence of the CNTs provides enhanced capability for sensing and durability, as demonstrated using dynamic and static modes, e.g. imaging, indentation and force/current characterization.

  13. Turning Point: Operation Allied Force and the Allure of Air Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    Air Force Base in Nevada, from “a windowless bunker, lit by constantly flickering computer screens,” a Predator drone operator zoomed in on the...from the air 20 campaign.19 These imaging systems were susceptible to being fooled by Iraq’s use of decoys, camouflage , and digging in of forces...as the barrel of artillery tubes.331 Flying at 15,000 feet, pilots could not tell the difference. Camouflage also hindered air efforts. Many U.S

  14. How operator admittance affects the response of a teleoperation system to assistive forces – A model analytic study and simulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wildenbeest, J.G.W.; Abbink, D.A.; Boessenkool, H.; Heemskerk, C.J.M.; Koning, J.F.

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: ► We developed a computational model of a human operator controlling a teleoperation system based on feedforward control, while performing a free-space motion. ► We studied how assistive forces affect the response of the combined system of telemanipulator and operator, when operator admittance changes due to task instruction or arm configuration. ► Inappropriate assistive forces can lead to assistive forces that are either not perceived, or deflect the combined system; assistive forces should be tailored to operator admittance. ► It is required to study, measure and quantitatively model operator behavior for teleoperated tasks in more detail. -- Abstract: Haptic shared control is a promising approach to increase the effectiveness of remote handling operations. While in haptic shared control the operator is continuously guided with assistive forces, the operator's response to forces is not fully understood. This study describes the development of a computational model of a human operator controlling a teleoperation system based on feedforward control. In a simulation, the operator's response to repulsive forces in free-space motions was modeled for two degrees of freedom, for two operator endpoint admittances (estimated by means of closed-loop identification techniques). The simulation results show that similar repulsive forces lead to substantial discrepancies in response when admittance settings mismatch; wrongly estimated operator admittances can lead to assistive forces that are either not perceived, or deflect the combined system of human operator and telemanipulator. It is concluded that assistive forces should be tailored to the arm configuration and the type of task performed. In order to utilize haptic shared control to its full potential, it is required to study, measure and quantitatively model operator behavior for teleoperated tasks in more detail

  15. Method and Apparatus Providing Deception and/or Altered Operation in an Information System Operating System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Fred; Rogers, Deanna T.; Neagoe, Vicentiu

    2008-10-14

    A method and/or system and/or apparatus providing deception and/or execution alteration in an information system. In specific embodiments, deceptions and/or protections are provided by intercepting and/or modifying operation of one or more system calls of an operating system.

  16. Cyberethics and co-operation in the information society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuchs, Christian; Bichler, Robert M; Raffl, Celina

    2009-12-01

    The task of this paper is to ground the notion of cyberethics of co-operation. The evolution of modern society has resulted in a shift from industrial society towards informational capitalism. This transformation is a multidimensional shift that affects all aspects of society. Hence also the ethical system of society is penetrated by the emergence of the knowledge society and ethical guidelines for the information age are needed. Ethical issues and conflicts in the knowledge society are connected to topics of ecological and social sustainability. For information ethics and cyberethics, the sustainable design of society, social, and socio-technological systems is important. In this context the notions of sustainability and co-operation are discussed. Based on these categories, the approach of cyberethics of co-operation can be theoretically grounded.

  17. Beyond Line-of-Sight Information Dissemination for Force Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    processing that is needed, such as a map and CoT parser . D. Bulk Data Transfer In an effort to collect operational sensor field data, store it...Moulton Street ,Cambridge,MA,02138 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S...capabilities that a few years ago were only available on high end PCs. They provide an open and accessible platform upon which an intuitive

  18. Will Precision Airdrop Capability Provide the Joint Force Commander with the Rapid Response Required for Tomorrow's Humanitarian Relief Operations?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Witham, Randy L

    2007-01-01

    .... Precision direct delivery promises to slash in-transit time, minimize hub and spoke shuttle operations, reduce handling costs and save lives early in a relief operation before larger forces can arrive on scene...

  19. A Driving Force in Technology Education: Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, Monica

    1996-01-01

    Describes the geographic information systems (GIS) curriculum at Roosevelt Middle School (Florida); the program includes an interactive matrix of communicative hardware and geographic software. Discusses problem-solving assignments, program flexibility for individual needs, cooperative learning via online communication, and the need for students…

  20. Why Not Airdrop? The Utility of Preplanned Airdrop to Resupply Land Forces in the Contemporary Operating Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-25

    against the insurgent. The counterinsurgent needs, therefore, to step up his military activity, to 5 7 Phillip G. Pattee , “Force Protection...Untold Story of Operation Anaconda. New York:: Berkley Books, 2005. Pattee , Phillip G. “Force protection Lessons from Iraq.” Joint Force Quarterly

  1. Defining the Information within Military Information Operations: Utilizing a Case Study of the Jammu and Kashmir Conflict

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bookard, Joe D

    2006-01-01

    The current operating environment requires the United States military to conduct military information operations throughout the conflict spectrum, during all phases, and across various military operations...

  2. Sliding spool design for reducing the actuation forces in direct operated proportional directional valves: Experimental validation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amirante, Riccardo; Distaso, Elia; Tamburrano, Paolo

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • An innovative procedure to design a commercial proportional directional valve is shown. • Experimental tests are performed to demonstrate the flow force reduction. • The design is improved by means of a previously made optimization procedure. • Great reduction in the flow forces without reducing the flow rate is demonstrated. - Abstract: This paper presents the experimental validation of a new methodology for the design of the spool surfaces of four way three position direct operated proportional directional valves. The proposed methodology is based on the re-design of both the compensation profile (the central conical surface of the spool) and the lateral surfaces of the spool, in order to reduce the flow forces acting on the spool and hence the actuation forces. The aim of this work is to extend the application range of these valves to higher values of pressure and flow rate, thus avoiding the employment of more expensive two stage configurations in the case of high-pressure conditions and/or flow rate. The paper first presents a theoretical approach and a general strategy for the sliding spool design to be applied to any four way three position direct operated proportional directional valve. Then, the proposed approach is experimentally validated on a commercially available valve using a hydraulic circuit capable of measuring the flow rate as well as the actuation force over the entire spool stroke. The experimental results, performed using both the electronic driver provided by the manufacturer and a manual actuation system, show that the novel spool surface requires remarkably lower actuation forces compared to the commercial configuration, while maintaining the same flow rate trend as a function of the spool position.

  3. Preparing the American Soldier in a Brigade Combat Team to Conduct Information Operations in the Contemporary Operational Environment

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Beckno, Brian T

    2006-01-01

    ...) to conduct Information Operations (IO) in the Contemporary Operational Environment (COE). First, an explanation of IO and its Army applicability is presented using current examples from military operations in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF...

  4. Physiological Performance Related to Multiple Stresses such as those Experienced in Air Force Operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-02-01

    3. Horvath, S. M. Exercise in a cold environment. Exercise Sport Sci. Rev. 4. Horvath, S. M., and R. L. Jackson. Significance of PSO under stress ...7 AD-AI3 010 CALIFORNIA UNIV SANTA BARBARA NST OP ENVIRONMENTAL --ETC F/6 6/19-7PHY IOL GICAL PERFORMANCE RELATED TO MULTIPLE STRESSES SUCH AS...Performance Related to Multiple Interim Scientific Report Stresses Such as Those Experienced in Air Force - 1//81-12/31/81 Operations 6. PERFORMING ORG

  5. Heat strain during military training activities: The dilemma of balancing force protection and operational capability

    OpenAIRE

    Hunt, Andrew P.; Billing, Daniel C.; Patterson, Mark J.; Caldwell, Joanne N.

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Military activities in hot environments pose 2 competing demands: the requirement to perform realistic training to develop operational capability with the necessity to protect armed forces personnel against heat-related illness. To ascertain whether work duration limits for protection against heat-related illness restrict military activities, this study examined the heat strain and risks of heat-related illness when conducting a military activity above the prescribed work duration li...

  6. A Technology Analysis to Support Acquisition of UAVs for Gulf Coalition Forces Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    Houthi militias (red agents ) are adept in rugged terrain and travel faster, which requires the GCF to respond quickly. The total simulation run time is...Uniform Automata, an agent -based simulation software platform, for the computational experiments. It models the operational area, system entities for the...aerial vehicle, border security, simulation, Agent -Based Modeling, Gulf Coalition Forces, Decisive Storm, Gulf Corporation Council, analytic hierarchy

  7. Cross Cultural Awareness in International Military Operation: International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jowita Brudnicka

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Multiculturalism defined as a multitude of cultures can be typified as a major trend in international relations, what is a chellenge for every participant of global affairs. The phenomen of multiculturalism is absolutely nothing new, but under conditions of progresive globalisation mechanism its importance has been appreciated.In practise multinational forces have to operate in culturally heterogeneous environment in an array of tasks to combat threats of mostly a non-military transnational nature. All the time there are a highly complex relations within coalition personnel, in cuturally diverse society living in the theatre of operation and between all them mutually.

  8. An analysis of post-traumatic stress symptoms in United States Air Force drone operators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappelle, Wayne; Goodman, Tanya; Reardon, Laura; Thompson, William

    2014-06-01

    Remotely piloted aircraft (RPA), commonly referred to as "drones," have emerged over the past decade as an innovative warfighting tool. Given there is a paucity of empirical research assessing drone operators, the purpose of this study was to assess for the prevalence of PTSD symptoms among this cohort. Of the 1084 United States Air Force (USAF) drone operators that participated, a total of 4.3% endorsed a pattern of symptoms of moderate to extreme level of severity meeting criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-4th edition. The incidence of PTSD among USAF drone operators in this study was lower than rates of PTSD (10-18%) among military personnel returning from deployment but higher than incidence rates (less than 1%) of USAF drone operators reported in electronic medical records. Although low PTSD rates may be promising, limitations to this study are discussed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Redefining the Indirect Approach, Defining Special Operations Forces (SOF Power, and the Global Networking of SOF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Morrison

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The current Defense Strategy assigns Special Operations Forces (SOF to play a central role in countering terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and irregular warfare. However, there has been little published that defines the role of Special Operations alongside air, land, and sea domains. The U.S. Special Operations Community struggles to define its own theoretical concepts such as direct approach and indirect approach. The U.S. SOF circles typically define direct approach with direct action and the indirect approach with foreign internal defense or security force assistance. Military theorist Liddell Hart viewed the indirect approach as a method to orient upon, target, and upset an adversary’s equilibrium in order to plan for and direct decisive blows. Today, the SOF indirect approach is arguable more applicable due to the prevalence of non-state threats and internal conflicts. Following Hart’s definition, precision raids are among the integral components of a broader application of the indirect approach. The approach also networks U.S. government power as a force when used in concert with allies and local partners. Global networking along with balanced precision raids will exponentially increase the utility of SOF power and position it to appropriately complement all domains to tackle 21st century challenges.

  10. Information Technology In Supply Chain Operations: A Road Map ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A five phase model and seven-step practical plan are proposed after careful evaluation of critical success factors, the role of IT in SCM and the overall benefits which can result in successful application of IT to SC operations. The paper concludes by stressing that connecting numerous information systems and integrating ...

  11. Analysis of Informal Credit Operations among Farmers In Atisbo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study explored the operations, (savings and loan procurement), as well as the problems and prospects of the informal financial institutions in ATISBO Local Government Area of Oyo State, Southwest Nigeria. The sampling technique used was Stratified Random Sampling to select three villages from the area and ...

  12. 75 FR 31744 - Information Collection; Contract Operations and Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-04

    ... information collected under Forest Service contracts is required by laws, regulations, and/or timber sale... the terms of a contract could result in delays, disputes, claims, litigation, and/or defaults. The... plans, requests, agreements and notices necessary for operations under the terms of the contracts...

  13. Identification of the operating crew's information needs for accident management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nelson, W.R.; Hanson, D.J.; Ward, L.W.; Solberg, D.E.

    1988-01-01

    While it would be very difficult to predetermine all of the actions required to mitigate the consequences of every potential severe accident for a nuclear power plant, development of additional guidance and training could improve the likelihood that the operating crew would implement effective sever-accident management measures. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is conducting an Accident Management Research Program that emphasizes the application of severe-accident research results to enhance the capability of the plant operating crew to effectively manage severe accidents. One element of this program includes identification of the information needed by the operating crew in severe-accident situations. This paper discusses a method developed for identifying these information needs and its application. The methodology has been applied to a generic reactor design representing a PWR with a large dry containment. The information needs were identified by systematically determining what information is needed to assess the health of the critical functions, identify the presence of challenges, select strategies, and assess the effectiveness of these strategies. This method allows the systematic identification of information needs for a broad range of severe-accident scenarios and can be validated by exercising the functional models for any specific event sequence

  14. The Global Special Operations Forces Network from a Partner-Nation Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    advantages and disadvantages for network performance. It can provide sub-networks more autonomy, but again it can be difficult to create a strong...Headquarter IA Inter-Agency ICT Information and Communication Technology ISCC International Special Operations Coordination Center ISOF Conference... Education , 7th ed. (New York: Routledge, 2011), 412‒413. Unstructured and informal conversation approach: Questions emerge from the immediate

  15. Probabilistic information on object weight shapes force dynamics in a grip-lift task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trampenau, Leif; Kuhtz-Buschbeck, Johann P; van Eimeren, Thilo

    2015-06-01

    Advance information, such as object weight, size and texture, modifies predictive scaling of grip forces in a grip-lift task. Here, we examined the influence of probabilistic advance information about object weight. Fifteen healthy volunteers repeatedly grasped and lifted an object equipped with a force transducer between their thumb and index finger. Three clearly distinguishable object weights were used. Prior to each lift, the probabilities for the three object weights were given by a visual cue. We examined the effect of probabilistic pre-cues on grip and lift force dynamics. We expected predictive scaling of grip force parameters to follow predicted values calculated according to probabilistic contingencies of the cues. We observed that probabilistic cues systematically influenced peak grip and load force rates, as an index of predictive motor scaling. However, the effects of probabilistic cues on force rates were nonlinear, and anticipatory adaptations of the motor output generally seemed to overestimate high probabilities and underestimate low probabilities. These findings support the suggestion that anticipatory adaptations and force scaling of the motor system can integrate probabilistic information. However, probabilistic information seems to influence motor programs in a nonlinear fashion.

  16. Information driving force and its application in agent-based modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ting-Ting; Zheng, Bo; Li, Yan; Jiang, Xiong-Fei

    2018-04-01

    Exploring the scientific impact of online big-data has attracted much attention of researchers from different fields in recent years. Complex financial systems are typical open systems profoundly influenced by the external information. Based on the large-scale data in the public media and stock markets, we first define an information driving force, and analyze how it affects the complex financial system. The information driving force is observed to be asymmetric in the bull and bear market states. As an application, we then propose an agent-based model driven by the information driving force. Especially, all the key parameters are determined from the empirical analysis rather than from statistical fitting of the simulation results. With our model, both the stationary properties and non-stationary dynamic behaviors are simulated. Considering the mean-field effect of the external information, we also propose a few-body model to simulate the financial market in the laboratory.

  17. Understanding Strategic Information Manoeuvres in Network Media to Advance Cyber Operations: A Case Study Analysing Pro-Russian Separatists’ Cyber Information Operations in Crimean Water Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Khateeb Samer

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The inexpensive nature and wide availability of emerging media outlets, e.g. social networking sites and blogs makes them easy-to-use weapons, giving power and courage to individuals to form groups that are able to win or at least force concessions from stronger forces. Today, terrorist groups know that opinions can be influenced using networked media and this knowledge empowers and enables them to alienate their audience and sometimes provoke them into violent actions. To understand the strategic information manoeuvres used by such groups, e.g., trans-national terrorist groups, we study the channels (blogs, Twitter, etc. and methods (e.g., influential actors/groups they use to disseminate messages pertaining to recruitment, radicalization, and raising funds. We collect data from several sources, including over 130 blog websites known for pro-Russian propaganda for events such as the Crimean water crisis and Trident Juncture Exercise (TRJE 15. In addition to blogs, we collect data from Twitter for the above-mentioned events to study the crossinfluence of various social media platforms in conducting strategic information manoeuvres. The study shows that groups are able to spread their opinions and create emotional attitudes for their followers through the sophisticated and blended use of these network media platforms via powerful actors, trolls, and botnets. We design social and network science informed methodologies to study the sociotechnical behaviours of trolls and botnets and develop detection tools ready to be deployed for Cyber operations. The tools have been further tested in the information operations of ISIL, e.g., beheading of hostages in orange jump suits. This study helps identifying the actions needed to win this “battle of ideas”.

  18. Test person operated 2-Alternative Forced Choice Audiometry compared to traditional audiometry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Jesper Hvass; Brandt, Christian; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jakob

      Background: With a newly developed technique, hearing thresholds can be estimated with a system operated by the test persons themselves. This technique is based on the 2 Alternative Forced Choice paradigm known from the psychoacoustic research theory. Test persons can operate the system very......-likelihood and up-down methods has proven effective and reliable even under suboptimal test settings. In non-optimal testing conditions i.e. as a part of a hearing conservation programme the headphone Sennheiser HDA-200 has been used as it contains hearing protection. This test-method has been validated...... as a comparison with traditional audiometry. A series of 30 persons (60 ears) have conducted traditional audiometry as well as self-operated 2AFC-audiometry. Test subjects are normal as well as moderately hearing impaired people. The different thresholds are compared.   Results: 2 AFC Audiometry is reliable...

  19. Formal specification and implementation of operations in information management systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sandewall, E.

    1983-02-01

    Among information management systems we include general purpose systems, such as text editors and data editors (forms management systems), as well as special purpose systems such as mail systems and computer based calendars. Based on a method for formal specification of some aspects of IMS, namely the structure of the data base, the update operations, and the user dialogue, the paper shows how reasonable procedures for executing IMS operations can be written in the notation of a first-order theory, in such a way that the procedure is a logical consequence of the specification. (Author)

  20. Study on the flow reduction of forced flow superconducting magnet and its stable operation condition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugimoto, Makoto [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment

    2001-03-01

    The forced flow superconducting coil especially made from a Cable-in-Conduit Conductor (CICC) is applied for large-scale devices such as fusion magnets and superconducting magnet energy storage (SMES) because it has high mechanical and electrical performance potential. The flow reduction phenomena caused by AC loss generation due to the pulsed operation was found based on the experimental results of three forced flow superconducting coils. And relation between the AC loss generation and flow reduction was defined from viewpoint of the engineering design and operation of the coils. Also the mechanism of flow reduction was investigated and stable operation condition under the flow reduction was clarified for forced flow superconducting coils. First, experiments of three different large-scale superconducting coils were carried out and experimental database of the flow reduction by AC loss generation was established. It was found experimentally that the flow reduction depends on the AC loss generation (W/m{sup 3}) in all of coils. It means the stable operation condition is defined not only the electro magnetism of superconducting coil but also flow condition. Mechanism of the flow reduction was investigated based on the experimental database. Hydraulics was applied to supercritical helium as a coolant. Also performances of the cryogenic pump by which coolant are supplied to the coil and friction of the superconductor as cooling path is considered for hydraulic estimation. The flow reduction of the coil is clarified and predictable by the equations of continuity, momentum and energy balance. Also total mass flow rate of coolant was discussed. The estimation method in the design phase was developed for total mass flow rate which are required under the flow reduction by AC losses. The friction of the superconductor and performance of cryogenic pump should be required for precise prediction of flow reduction. These values were obtained by the experiment data of coil and

  1. Educating Officers in Information Operations: Is the U.S. Army Moving in the Right Direction?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gregory, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    ...) to address Information Operations. This study examines the doctrine that exists to support Information Operations as well as how Information Operations is being incorporated into the Army's Officer Education System...

  2. Education of information users and promotional operations of the branch information centre

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kohoutova, J.

    1982-01-01

    The Nuclear Information Centre also operates in the field of education and publicity. It organizes seminars, symposia and exhibitions in Czechoslovakia and abroad and has processed handbooks for INIS output users. Working excursions are also organized to the Nuclear Information Centre. (M.D.)

  3. 75 FR 47631 - Swets Information Services, Operations Department, Information Technology Group, Marketing Group...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... Services, Operations Department, Information Technology Group, Marketing Group, Finance Group, Runnemede..., Information Technology (IT) Group, Marketing Group and the Finance Group into one entity instead of... Technology Group, Marketing Group, and Finance Group, Runnemede, New Jersey, who became totally or partially...

  4. Activity-Based Information Integrating the operations strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Augusto da Rocha de Araujo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available In the globalized world, companies seek for new operations strategies to ensure world corporate success. This article analyzes how the cost management models – both traditional and activity-based, aid the planning and management of corporate globalized operations. The efficacy of the models application depends on their alignment with the competitive strategy. Companies must evaluate the nature of the competition and its competitive priorities; they should then define the necessary and sufficient dependence level on costs information. In this article, three dependence levels are presented: operational, decision support and strategic control. The result of the research shows the importance of alignment between the cost management model and the competitive strategy for corporate success, and confirms the adequacy of the activity-based costing model as a supporting tool for decision taking in a global strategy. Case studies in world class companies in Brazil are presented.

  5. 76 FR 24025 - Information Collection; Prohibition on Acquisition of Products Produced by Forced or Indentured...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    ... ADMINISTRATION [OMB Control No. 9000-0155; Docket 2011-0079; Sequence 13] Information Collection; Prohibition on... approve an extension of a previously approved information collection requirement regarding prohibition on..., Prohibition on Acquisition of Products Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor, signed by the President...

  6. Employing U.S. Information Operations Against Hybrid Warfare Threats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    19b. TELEPHONE NUMBER (Include area code ) USAWC STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT Employing U.S. Information Operations Against...hostile computer code through internet infrastructure in multiple countries en route to the target) have enormous legal ramifications. Even within the...59 145 William J. Nemeth , Future War And Chechnya: A Case For Hybrid Warfare, (Monterey CA: Naval Postgraduate School, June 2002), 74. 146 U.S

  7. The Myth of Hyperresilience Evolutionary Concept Analysis of Resilience in Special Operations Forces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocklein-Kemplin, Kate; Paun, Olimpia; Sons, Noel; Brandon, Jonathan W

    2018-01-01

    Despite many resilience studies and resilience-building initiatives in the military, resilience as a concept remains granularly unexamined, vague, and inconsistently interpreted throughout military-specific research literature. Specifically, studies of military suicide and related mental health constructs assert that Servicemembers in Special Operations Forces (SOF) possess higher levels of resilience without providing an empirical basis for these statements. To provide rigorous evidence for future studies of resilience in SOF, a concept analysis was performed via Rodgers' evolutionary method to contextualize resilience in the SOF community and provide accurate redefinitions on which theoretical and methodological frameworks can be constructed reliably. 2018.

  8. Operating and Support Costs and Affordability of a 324 Ship Naval Battle Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    Procurement (otherwise known as Investment) • Operating and Support (O&S) • Disposal As seen in a typical life cycle cost structure for a ship...deliveries of one ship, extensions of others, or simply the rearrangement of classification of ships within the battle force can all greatly impact...b2 b3 b4 b5 CVN-68 9.39277E-27 0.999031097 18841399.38 0.9997 1.01 Man Pwr 3.03901E-11 0.935288857 -10,572,406,323.83 5293066.75 52603.22 Fuel

  9. Supersoldiers or Rulebreakers? Unpacking the Mind-Set of Special Operations Forces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalgaard-Nielsen, Anja; Holm, Kirstine

    2018-01-01

    Special Operations Forces (SOFs) are increasingly central in national defense postures worldwide. The term “SOF mind-set” encapsulates the current political enthusiasm but is rarely explicitly defined or systematically studied. Based on a literature review, this article suggests a conceptual model...... of SOF’s mind-set, which is refined via a Danish case study. It discusses when and where this mind-set complicates collaboration with the wider military organizational environment and how SOF could navigate potential fault lines. By systematically unpacking SOF’s mind-set, the article aims to add nuance...

  10. Liberating the Oppressed: Research Knowledge Differentials and Ethical Investigation in Special Operations Forces Clinical Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemplin, Kate Rocklein; Bowling, F Young

    Special Operations Forces (SOF) medics do not have preparation in research knowledge that enables them to independently initiate or generate their own studies. Thus, medics rely on evidence generated by others, who are removed from medics' practice environment. Here, salient literature on research self-efficacy and the genesis of institutional review boards (IRBs) are reviewed and interpreted for contextual applications to medics' practice and initiation of studies. More publications delving into research methods are warranted to promote medics' participation and initiation of selfdirected scientific investigation, in collaboration with research scientists. 2017.

  11. Rules of engagement : Rules on the use of force as linchpin for the international law of military operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boddens Hosang, J.F.R.

    2017-01-01

    This study analyzes the role and function of the rules on the use of force for military operations in terms of the interaction between international and national law applicable to such operations and the actual conduct of the operations in question. In doing so, this study focused on examining

  12. Underneath the unconventional: philosophies & paradigms of special operations forces clinical science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froede, Kate

    2011-01-01

    Special Operations Forces (SOF) medical personnel (clinicians) directly impact their patients' outcomes, regardless if the patient is a Soldier, civilian, or indigenous person. Any health practitioner who specializes in trauma, Soldiers' healthcare, or tactical and/or operational healthcare must have a working knowledge of SOF medicine and its philosophical, political, and contextual origins. SOF clinical evidence and knowledge base is extensive and inextricably linked to SOF clinicians' underlying warrior philosophy and worldview. This submission will argue the point that SOF healthcare is a discipline and mature science in its own right, as evidenced by SOF's utilization and/or rejection of other disciplines' (nursing, medicine, conventional military) paradigms, community-wide adoption of its own specific paradigms, disciplinary matrix, and language. Peer-reviewed articles relevant to SOF and military healthcare from 2009-2011 are reviewed to determine possible philosophical frameworks, identify extant methodologies, and demonstrate underlying philosophical constructs. 2011.

  13. Physical and Performance Characteristics Related to Unintentional Musculoskeletal Injury in Special Forces Operators: A Prospective Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heebner, Nicholas R; Abt, John P; Lovalekar, Mita; Beals, Kim; Sell, Timothy C; Morgan, Jeffery; Kane, Shawn; Lephart, Scott

    2017-12-01

      Seventy-seven percent of musculoskeletal injuries sustained by United States Army Special Forces Operators are preventable. Identification of predictive characteristics will promote the development of screening methods to augment injury-prevention programs.   To determine physical and performance characteristics that predict musculoskeletal injuries.   Clinical laboratory.   A total of 95 Operators (age = 32.7 ± 5.1 years, height = 179.8 ± 6.9 cm, mass = 89.9 ± 12.7 kg).   Laboratory testing consisted of body composition, aerobic and anaerobic capacity, upper and lower body strength and flexibility, balance, and biomechanical evaluation. Injury data were captured for 12 months after laboratory testing. Injury frequencies, cross-tabulations, and relative risks (RRs) were calculated to evaluate the relationships between physical characteristics and injury proportions. Between-groups differences (injured versus uninjured) were assessed using appropriate t tests or Mann-Whitney U tests.   Less shoulder-retraction strength (RR = 1.741 [95% confidence interval = 1.003, 3.021]), knee-extension strength (RR = 2.029 [95% confidence interval = 1.011, 4.075]), and a smaller trunk extension : flexion ratio (RR = 0.533 [95% confidence interval = 0.341, 0.831]) were significant risk factors for injury. Group comparisons showed less trunk strength (extension: P = .036, flexion: P = .048) and smaller right vertical ground reaction forces during landing ( P = .025) in injured Operators. Knee strength, aerobic capacity, and body mass index were less in the subgroup of spine-injured versus uninjured Operators ( P values = .013-.036).   Knee-extension and shoulder-retraction strength were risk factors for musculoskeletal injury in Operators. Less trunk-flexion and -extension strength, higher body mass index, lower aerobic capacity, and increased ground reaction forces during landing were characteristics that may also contribute to musculoskeletal injury. Having

  14. Generating route choice sets with operation information on metro networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Zhu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the metro system has advanced into an efficient transport system and become the mainstay of urban passenger transport in many mega-cities. Passenger flow is the foundation of making and coordinating operation plans for the metro system, and therefore, a variety of studies were conducted on transit assignment models. Nevertheless route choice sets of passengers also play a paramount role in flow estimation and demand prediction. This paper first discusses the main route constraints of which the train schedule is the most important, that distinguish rail networks from road networks. Then, a two-step approach to generate route choice set in a metro network is proposed. Particularly, the improved approach introduces a route filtering with train operational information based on the conventional method. An initial numerical test shows that the proposed approach gives more reasonable route choice sets for scheduled metro networks, and, consequently, obtains more accurate results from passenger flow assignment. Recommendations for possible opportunities to apply this approach to metro operations are also provided, including its integration into a metro passenger flow assignment and simulation system in practice to help metro authorities provide more precise guidance information for passengers to travel.

  15. A Call for Innovation: Reflective Practices and Clinical Curricula of US Army Special Operations Forces Medics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocklein, Kate

    2014-01-01

    Special Operations Forces (SOF) medics have written and published numerous practice reflections that intricately describe their practice environments, clinical dilemmas, and suggestions for teaching and practice. The lack of translation of SOF medics experiential evidence to their curriculum has created a gap in evidence-based curriculum development. This study analyzed SOF medics learning and practice patterns and compared it to the evidence in the interdisciplinary clinical literature. After framing the problem, the literature was reviewed to determine appropriate tools by which perceptions and attitudes toward reflection-centered curricula could be measured. A recognizable practice reflection was extracted from the published SOF clinical literature and presented in writing to self-identified SOF medics and medic instructors via a descriptive crossover design, to ensure possible biases were mitigated. To measure SOF medics perceptions of reflection-based curricula, the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure survey instrument was used, as it has validated psychometric properties and is used worldwide. SOF medics averaged scores of perceptions of their medic education indicated positive but not completely statistically significant preferences toward reflection-based curricula over traditional curriculum. Special Operations, medics, reflective practice, curricula BACKGROUND Special Operations Forces (SOF) medics practice in environments that are violent, austere, clandestine, and far removed from definitive hospital facilities. What was true almost 20 years ago?". . . academic demands of [Special Forces medic training] are roughly equivalent to those of an upper-level undergraduate curriculum in science or perhaps to those of first year medical school"?is even more challenging today. During this study, medics, physicians, and educators within the SOF medical community publicly and privately (ergo, names were redacted) expressed the need for curricular changes to

  16. PROHIBITION OF USE OF FORCE AND CYBER OPERATIONS AS “FORCE”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huseyin Kuru

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Technology have become core element of the critical infrastructures that maintain communities’ vital services. While this situation facilitates the daily life of the societies, systems running online are exposed to risks from vulnerabilities based on internet and systems. Increasing cyber-attacks, especially between countries in governmental level, created a new term “cyber warfare”. As in all the evolutions of the war, the concept of cyber warfare also needs original rules due to its unique characteristics. International society has divided into two groups. First group claims that existing conflict rules should apply this new battle field and the other group says the situation requires a new consensus. The purpose of this study is to examine the scope of the prohibition and to explain exceptions, by examining the developed approaches for establishing the conditions for the use of force in cyber operations, highlighting the most appropriate evaluation criteria with emphasizing existing limitations. In the light of the data collected, the literature was searched exhaustively to achieve this aim. What characteristics cyber-operations should have and objective approaches that we can use for the assessment and we can suppose as use of force will be also discussed.

  17. Experimental Robot Model Adjustments Based on Force-Torque Sensor Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Santiago; Garcia-Haro, Juan Miguel; Victores, Juan G; Jardon, Alberto; Balaguer, Carlos

    2018-03-11

    The computational complexity of humanoid robot balance control is reduced through the application of simplified kinematics and dynamics models. However, these simplifications lead to the introduction of errors that add to other inherent electro-mechanic inaccuracies and affect the robotic system. Linear control systems deal with these inaccuracies if they operate around a specific working point but are less precise if they do not. This work presents a model improvement based on the Linear Inverted Pendulum Model (LIPM) to be applied in a non-linear control system. The aim is to minimize the control error and reduce robot oscillations for multiple working points. The new model, named the Dynamic LIPM (DLIPM), is used to plan the robot behavior with respect to changes in the balance status denoted by the zero moment point (ZMP). Thanks to the use of information from force-torque sensors, an experimental procedure has been applied to characterize the inaccuracies and introduce them into the new model. The experiments consist of balance perturbations similar to those of push-recovery trials, in which step-shaped ZMP variations are produced. The results show that the responses of the robot with respect to balance perturbations are more precise and the mechanical oscillations are reduced without comprising robot dynamics.

  18. Operations and Maintenance Manual for Expanded Bioventing System at Buildings 2034/2035, Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1996-01-01

    This Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Manual has been created as a guide for monitoring and maintaining the performance of the full-scale bioventing blower system and vent well plumbing at Fairchild Air Force Base (AFB), Washington...

  19. The Evaluation of Operational Training and Trauma Care Experience of United States Air Force Nurse Anesthesia Providers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Frank, Michael

    2000-01-01

    ...) must expand their role while deployed and be skilled in the management of trauma. Treating traumatically injured patients in Air Force hospitals is limited while working outside of the operational theater...

  20. Defense Finance and Accounting Service Work on the FY 1993 Air Force Defense Business Operations Fund Financial Statements

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rau, Russell

    1995-01-01

    Our original audit objective was to determine whether the Air Force Consolidated Defense Business Operations Fund financial statements, prepared by the DFAS Denver Center for FY 1993, were presented...

  1. Strategic and operational information watch newsletter nr 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-04-01

    This newsletter proposes an overview of events related to security and defence issues in relationship with impacts of climate change. A first part reports a strategic watch which addresses news about the Paris agreement (negotiation in Bonn, statement of the Canadian minister of Defence, commitment by the Lebanese army to reduce its emissions), about the energy sector (the lowest level of oil discovery, partial privatisation of Saudi Aramco, and economic and energetic diversification of Saudi Arabia), and climate change as a source of tensions and collaborations. The second part reports an operational information watch which addresses new technologies and renewable energies (photovoltaic cells operating in the dark, waste energetic valorisation in field operations, the issue of energy security for US military allowances, use of drones for logistics, a Gripen fighter aircraft flies with bio-fuel) and proposes a health watch (consequences of UV exposure in field operations, impact of El Nino on cholera distribution in Africa, the ban of ragweed in France). The newsletter finally indicates some brief news, events and recent publications

  2. Indirect Manipulation of a Sphere on a Flat Disk Using Force Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masayuki Hara

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to verify if only the use of robotic force feedback enables indirect and dynamic manipulations which are difficult for human beings to perform. Human beings usually control the trajectory of an object using visual feedback; force/tactile information are secondarily employed because they are further qualitative in comparison with visual information. However, it is supposed that robots have the potential to perform such the tasks without visual information because force/tactile information can be also used quantitatively in the control system. This paper especially focuses on an indirect manipulation of a sphere on a flat plate realized by employing only force information. In this paper, we propose a very simple method to estimate the position of the sphere on the plate which is put on a multi-fingered robot and try to control the trajectory by changing the fingertip heights based on the error between the desired and estimated positions. We also analyze the stability of the proposed control system with an approximate Lyapunov's stability criterion. Finally, this paper shows very attractive robotic demonstrations based on the proposed method.

  3. Implementing and operating the Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cowley, P.J.; Schwab, M.R.; Fox, R.D.

    1994-03-01

    In the process of performing environmental restoration at the 560-square mile Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State, vast amounts of scientific and technical data are being generated from sampling taking place all over the Site. This paper provides an overview of the lessons we have learned in designing, implementing, and putting into operation a computerized system named the Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS), which is being used to manage the Site's environmental characterization sampling data. Topics discussed in this paper include helping the Site adapt to a data management culture, the advantages of electronic data over paper data, issues of data validation and defensibility, being a resource to the user community (including the regulatory community), managing and tracking data changes, integrating data from multiple programs, providing configuration control for data and software, getting priorities for software development, and developing a baseline for on-going funding to maintain the infrastructure for the information system

  4. Mechanical forces as information: an integrated approach to plant and animal development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Hernández, Valeria; Rueda, Denisse; Caballero, Lorena; Alvarez-Buylla, Elena R; Benítez, Mariana

    2014-01-01

    Mechanical forces such as tension and compression act throughout growth and development of multicellular organisms. These forces not only affect the size and shape of the cells and tissues but are capable of modifying the expression of genes and the localization of molecular components within the cell, in the plasma membrane, and in the plant cell wall. The magnitude and direction of these physical forces change with cellular and tissue properties such as elasticity. Thus, mechanical forces and the mesoscopic fields that emerge from their local action constitute important sources of positional information. Moreover, physical and biochemical processes interact in non-linear ways during tissue and organ growth in plants and animals. In this review we discuss how such mechanical forces are generated, transmitted, and sensed in these two lineages of multicellular organisms to yield long-range positional information. In order to do so we first outline a potentially common basis for studying patterning and mechanosensing that relies on the structural principle of tensegrity, and discuss how tensegral structures might arise in plants and animals. We then provide some examples of morphogenesis in which mechanical forces appear to act as positional information during development, offering a possible explanation for ubiquitous processes, such as the formation of periodic structures. Such examples, we argue, can be interpreted in terms of tensegral phenomena. Finally, we discuss the hypothesis of mechanically isotropic points as a potentially generic mechanism for the localization and maintenance of stem-cell niches in multicellular organisms. This comparative approach aims to help uncovering generic mechanisms of morphogenesis and thus reach a better understanding of the evolution and development of multicellular phenotypes, focusing on the role of physical forces in these processes.

  5. Ergonomic design in the operating room: information technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morita, Mark M.; Ratib, Osman

    2005-04-01

    The ergonomic design in the Surgical OR of information technology systems has been and continues to be a large problem. Numerous disparate information systems with unique hardware and display configurations create an environment similar to the chaotic environments of air traffic control. Patient information systems tend to show all available statistics making it difficult to isolate the key, relevant vitals for the patient. Interactions in this sterile environment are still being done with the traditional keyboard and mouse designed for cubicle office workflows. This presentation will address the shortcomings of the current design paradigm in the Surgical OR that relate to Information Technology systems. It will offer a perspective that addresses the ergonomic deficiencies and predicts how future technological innovations will integrate into this vision. Part of this vision includes a Surgical OR PACS prototype, developed by GE Healthcare Technologies, that addresses ergonomic challenges of PACS in the OR that include lack of portability, sterile field integrity, and UI targeted for diagnostic radiologists. GWindows (gesture control) developed by Microsoft Research and Voice command will allow for the surgeons to navigate and review diagnostic imagery without using the conventional keyboard and mouse that disrupt the integrity of the sterile field. This prototype also demonstrates how a wireless, battery powered, self contained mobile PACS workstation can be optimally positioned for a surgeon to reference images during an intervention as opposed to the current pre-operative review. Lessons learned from the creation of the Surgical OR PACS Prototype have demonstrated that PACS alone is not the end all solution in the OR. Integration of other disparate information systems and presentation of this information in simple, easy to navigate information packets will enable smoother interactions for the surgeons and other healthcare professionals in the OR. More intuitive

  6. Air Force Operational Medicine: Using the Estimating Supplies Program to Develop Materiel Solutions for the Operational Clinical Requirements for the U.S. Air Force Otolaryngology Team (FFENT)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hopkins, Curt; Nix, Ralph; Konoske, Paula; Pang, Gerry; Hill, Martin; Negus, Tracy; Onofrio, Kathleen

    2007-01-01

    ...) conduct a proof of concept study to assess the validity and feasibility of using NHRC's medical modeling tool for the development and management of Air force medical Allowance Standards as a baseline...

  7. Microfabricated torsion levers optimized for low force and high-frequency operation in fluids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beyder, Arthur; Sachs, Frederick

    2006-01-01

    We developed a mass production fabrication process for making symmetrically supported torsion cantilevers/oscillators with highly compliant springs. These torsion probes offer advantages in atomic force microscopy (AFM) because they are small, have high optical gain, do not warp and can be made with two independent axes. Compared to traditional AFM cantilevers, these probes have higher frequency response, higher Q, lower noise, better optics (since the mirror does not bend) and two data channels. Soft small levers with sub-pN force resolution can resonate cleanly above 10 kHz in water. When fabricated with a ferromagnetic coating on the rigid reflecting pad, they can be driven magnetically or serve as high-resolution magnetometers. Asymmetric levers can be tapping mode probes or high-resolution accelerometers. The dual axis gimbaled probes with two orthogonal axes can operate on a standard AFM with single beam illumination. These probes can be used as self-referencing, drift free, cantilevers where one axis senses the substrate position and the other the sample position. These levers can be optimized for differential contrast or high-resolution friction imaging

  8. Microfabricated torsion levers optimized for low force and high-frequency operation in fluids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyder, Arthur; Sachs, Frederick

    2006-01-01

    We developed a mass production fabrication process for making symmetrically supported torsion cantilevers/oscillators with highly compliant springs. These torsion probes offer advantages in atomic force microscopy (AFM) because they are small, have high optical gain, do not warp and can be made with two independent axes. Compared to traditional AFM cantilevers, these probes have higher frequency response, higher Q, lower noise, better optics (since the mirror does not bend) and two data channels. Soft small levers with sub-pN force resolution can resonate cleanly above 10 kHz in water. When fabricated with a ferromagnetic coating on the rigid reflecting pad, they can be driven magnetically or serve as high-resolution magnetometers. Asymmetric levers can be tapping mode probes or high-resolution accelerometers. The dual axis gimbaled probes with two orthogonal axes can operate on a standard AFM with single beam illumination. These probes can be used as self-referencing, drift free, cantilevers where one axis senses the substrate position and the other the sample position. These levers can be optimized for differential contrast or high-resolution friction imaging.

  9. Eielson Air Force Base operable unit 2 and other areas record of decision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lewis, R.E.; Smith, R.M.

    1994-10-01

    This decision document presents the selected remedial actions and no action decisions for Operable Unit 2 (OU2) at Eielson Air Force Base (AFB), Alaska, chosen in accordance with state and federal regulations. This document also presents the decision that no further action is required for 21 other source areas at Eielson AFB. This decision is based on the administrative record file for this site. OU2 addresses sites contaminated by leaks and spills of fuels. Soils contaminated with petroleum products occur at or near the source of contamination. Contaminated subsurface soil and groundwater occur in plumes on the top of a shallow groundwater table that fluctuates seasonally. These sites pose a risk to human health and the environment because of ingestion, inhalation, and dermal contact with contaminated groundwater. The purpose of this response is to prevent current or future exposure to the contaminated groundwater, to reduce further contaminant migration into the groundwater, and to remediate groundwater

  10. Development of an operational fitness test for the Royal Air Force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond, Victoria L; Rayson, Mark P; Wilkinson, David M; Carter, James M; Blacker, Sam D; Nevill, Alan; Ross, Jill Du; Moore, Steve

    2008-06-01

    Since 2002, the Royal Air Force (RAF) has been working towards developing role-related physical tests for use as an operational fitness test (OFT). The purpose of this study was to establish reliability of the OFT (comprising four tests), investigate gym-based tests as predictors of performance and establish performance standards. Fifty-eight RAF personnel performed the OFT on three occasions. A separate cohort carried out fitness and anthropometric tests before performing the OFT, by way of establishing performance predictors. Documented evidence and views of an expert panel were used to determine OFT standards. Reliability ranged from moderate to good for three tests, with one test (Dig) showing poor reliability. The 95% limits of agreement for the prediction models ranged from good to poor (6.7-34.2%). The prediction models were not sufficiently accurate to estimate confidently OFT performance, but could be used as a guide to quantify likely outcome and training needs.

  11. Analysis of a BWR direct cycle forced circulation power plants operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andrade, G.G. de.

    1973-01-01

    First, it is established a general view over the operational problems of the BWR direct cycle forced circulation power plants, and then it is analysed the possibility of the utilization of the energy purged from the turbine as an additional energy for the electrical generation. To simulate the BWR power plant and to obtain the solution of the mathematical model it was developed a computer code named ATOR which shows the feasibility of the proposed method. In this way it is shown the possibility to get a better maneuvering allowance for the BWR power plant whenever it is permitted a convenient use of the vapor extracted from the turbine for the feedwater pre-heaters of the reactor. (author)

  12. Fighting the Big War with the Small Hammer: Operational Planning for the Medium Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-23

    written this monograph without Rusty Rafferty’s assistance. His research library skills are second to none. Finally, Dr. Pete Schifferle’s patience...3-0. Phasing describes a conceptual tool used to plan and manage transitions. Tempo describes the "relative speed and rhythm of military operations...2008), 26. 27 Christopher F. Foss, eds., Jane’s: Armour and Artillery 2004-2005 (Alexandria, VA: Jane’s Information Group, 2004), 159, 409, and 553

  13. Energy expenditure and intake during Special Operations Forces field training in a jungle and glacial environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Caleb D; Simonson, Andrew J; Darnell, Matthew E; DeLany, James P; Wohleber, Meleesa F; Connaboy, Christopher

    2018-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify and compare energy requirements specific to Special Operations Forces in field training, in both cool and hot environments. Three separate training sessions were evaluated, 2 in a hot environment (n = 21) and 1 in a cool environment (n = 8). Total energy expenditure was calculated using doubly labeled water. Dietary intake was assessed via self-report at the end of each training mission day, and macronutrient intakes were calculated. Across the 3 missions, mean energy expenditure (4618 ± 1350 kcal/day) exceeded mean energy intake (2429 ± 838 kcal/day) by an average of 2200 kcal/day. Macronutrient intakes (carbohydrates (g/(kg·day body weight (bw)) -1 ) = 3.2 ± 1.2; protein (g/(kg·day bw) -1 ) = 1.3 ± 0.7; fat (g/(kg·day bw) -1 ) = 1.2 ± 0.7) showed inadequate carbohydrate and possibly protein intake across the study period, compared with common recommendations. Total energy expenditures were found to be similar between hot (4664 ± 1399 kcal/day) and cool (4549 ± 1221 kcal/day) environments. However, energy intake was found to be higher in the cool (3001 ± 900 kcal/day) compared with hot (2200 ± 711 kcal/day) environments. Based on the identified energy deficit, high variation in energy expenditures, and poor macronutrient intake, a greater attention to feeding practices during similar training scenarios for Special Operations Forces is needed to help maintain performance and health. The differences in environmental heat stress between the 2 climates/environments had no observed effect on energy expenditures, but may have influenced intakes.

  14. Defense Waste Processing Facility staged operations: environmental information document

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1981-11-01

    Environmental information is presented relating to a staged version of the proposed Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) at the Savannah River Plant. The information is intended to provide the basis for an Environmental Impact Statement. In either the integral or the staged design, the DWPF will convert the high-level waste currently stored in tanks into: a leach-resistant form containing about 99.9% of all the radioactivity, and a residual, slightly contaminated salt, which is disposed of as saltcrete. In the first stage of the staged version, the insoluble sludge portion of the waste and the long lived radionuclides contained therein will be vitrified. The waste glass will be sealed in canisters and stored onsite until shipped to a Federal repository. In the second stage, the supernate portion of the waste will be decontaminated by ion exchange. The recovered radionuclides will be transferred to the Stage 1 facility, and mixed with the sludge feed before vitrification. The residual, slightly contaminated salt solution will be mixed with Portland cement to form a concrete product (saltcrete) which will be buried onsite in an engineered landfill. This document describes the conceptual facilities and processes for producing glass waste and decontaminated salt. The environmental effects of facility construction, normal operations, and accidents are then presented. Descriptions of site and environs, alternative sites and waste disposal options, and environmental consultations and permits are given in the base Environmental Information Document

  15. Photokeratoconjunctivitis Symptoms among Informal Welding Operators in North Samarinda, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan Muhamad Ramdan

    2017-08-01

    Sektor informal telah berkontribusi terhadap perekonomian nasional, namun praktik kesehatan dan keselamatan kerja pada sektor ini masih belum memuaskan. Salah satu usaha sektor informal yang banyak dijumpai di Samarinda Utara adalah usaha pengelasan dengan potensi bahaya utama paparan sinar ultraviolet yang dapat menyebabkan photokeratoconjunctivitis. Penelitian ini bertujuan menginvestigasi kejadian photokeratoconjunctivitis dan faktor yang memengaruhinya pada operator las informal di Kelurahan Samarinda Utara. Penelitian cross-sectional telah dilakukan terhadap 40 responden pada bulan Maret sampai November 2016. Pengumpulan data menggunakan UV detector meter, clamp meter, dan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan chi-square, Pearson’s correlation product moment, dan multiple linear regression. Lima puluh persen responden mengalami gejala photokeratoconjunctivitis. Alat pelindung diri (APD (p=0,004, durasi paparan UV (0,056, pengetahuan tentang kesehatan, dan keselamatan kerja (K3 (p=0,055 dan jumlah hari kerja (p=0,001 berhubungan signifikan dengan kejadian photokeratoconjunctivitis. Lokasi kerja (p=0,244, tingkat pendidikan (p=0,680, usia (0,167, intensitas radiasi UV (p=0,206, dan kuat arus las (p=0,085 tidak berhubungan dengan gejala photokeratoconjunctivitis. Simpulan, gejala photokeratoconjunctivitis dipengaruhi oleh penggunaan APD, durasi paparan UV, pengetahuan K3, dan jumlah hari kerja. Faktor yang paling dominan memengaruhi gejala photokeratoconjunctivitis adalah durasi paparan UV.

  16. Operation of a scanning near field optical microscope in reflection in combination with a scanning force microscope

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hulst, N.F.; Moers, M.H.P.; Moers, M.H.P.; Noordman, O.F.J.; Noordman, O.F.J.; Faulkner, T.; Segerink, Franciscus B.; van der Werf, Kees; de Grooth, B.G.; Bölger, B.; Bölger, B.

    1992-01-01

    Images obtained with a scanning near field optical microscope (SNOM) operating in reflection are presented. We have obtained the first results with a SiN tip as optical probe. The instrument is simultaneously operated as a scanning force microscope (SFM). Moreover, the instrument incorporates an

  17. Using the Information Instrument to Leverage Military Force: A Need for Deliberate Interagency Coordination

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Efird, Cynthia G; Sahlin, Jr, Carl T

    1994-01-01

    ...: the strategic, the operational, and the tactical. This paper analyzes the institutional culture and practices of the two actors most often involved in the application of the information instrument abroad: the U.S...

  18. Stabilization of the stochastically forced equilibria for nonlinear discrete-time systems with incomplete information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryashko, Lev [Ural Federal University, Lenina, 51, Ekaterinburg, 620000 (Russian Federation)

    2015-11-30

    A stabilization problem of the equilibrium of stochastically forced nonlinear discrete-time system with incomplete information is considered. Our approach uses a regulator which synthesizes the required stochastic sensitivity of the equilibrium. Mathematically, this problem is reduced to the solution of some quadratic matrix equations. A description of attainability sets and algorithms for regulators design is given. The general results are applied to the suppression of unwanted large-amplitude oscillations around the equilibria of the stochastically forced Verhulst model with noisy observations.

  19. Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS) Operator`s Manual. Volume 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schreck, R.I.

    1991-10-01

    The Hanford Environmental Information System (HEIS) is a consolidated set of automated resources that effectively manage the data gathered during environmental monitoring and restoration of the Hanford Site. The HEIS includes an integrated database that provides consistent and current data to all users and promotes sharing of data by the entire user community. This manual describes the facilities available to the operational user who is responsible for data entry, processing, scheduling, reporting, and quality assurance. A companion manual, the HEIS User`s Manual, describes the facilities available-to the scientist, engineer, or manager who uses the system for environmental monitoring, assessment, and restoration planning; and to the regulator who is responsible for reviewing Hanford Site operations against regulatory requirements and guidelines.

  20. Set Up for Failure: The Use of US Security Force Assistance to Prepare Foreign Security Forces for Traditional Combat Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-17

    Chiefs of Staff JDN Joint Doctrine Note KMAG Korea Military Advisor Group KPA Korean People’s Army MDA Mutual Defense Act NATO North Atlantic...50 Catherine Porter, “Philippines Enlarging Preparations for National Defense,” Far Eastern Survey 9, no. 6 (March 13, 1940), 70–71. 51 Morton...United States was forced to weigh its commitment to Korea against the competing requirements of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization ( NATO ), Greece

  1. 9/11 and Canadian Special Operations Forces: How 40 Selected Men Indelibly Influenced the Future of the Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    assembly of the League of Nations on the seemingly never ending security challenges within Europe in contrast with ‘the North American century of peace...Canada First” Defence Strategy (Ottawa, ON: Department of National Defence, 2010), http://www.forces.gc.ca/site/pri/first- premier /defstra/finance...of those killed were Canadians of Indian Origin) was the worst terrorism-related aviation disaster until 9/11. For more 22

  2. An Information Management System for CHIKYU Operation and its Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuramoto, S.; Matsuda, S.; Ito, H.

    2005-12-01

    The CDEX (Center for Deep Earth Exploration, JAMSTEC) is an implementing organization of a riser drilling vessel, CHIKYU ("Earth"). CHIKYU has a large capability to produce a wide variety of data, core measurement data, logging data, mud logging data, cuttings data and monitoring data in boreholes, etc. Also CDEX conducts site survey for safety drilling and publication before and after cruises. It is critical that these diverse data be managed using a unified, coherent method, and that they be organized and provided to users in an intuitive, clearly understandable way that reflects the aims and underlying philosophies of the IODP and JAMSTEC. It is crucial that these data are accessible to users through an integrated interface in which all data formats, management tools, and procedures are standardized. Meeting these goals will assure total usability for scientists, administrators, and the public, from data creation to uploading and cataloging, to end use and publication. CDEX is developing an integrated information management system, call "SIO7" (Scientific Information from 7 Oceans) for CHIKYU operation, and would like to extend to adopt various information handling systems in geosciences. The SIO7 composed of 2 major systems, J-CORES (JAMSTEC Core Systematics) and DEXIS (Deep Earth Exploration Information System) (see http://sio7.jamstec.go.jp/ for the details). J-CORES is a database system designated to manage all aspects of core data. The system is modeled on the JANUS system developed by and for ODP, but implements an extended, somewhat modified data model. The functions that support onboard and real time data input operations have also been strengthened. A variety of data visualization and visual core description functions have been added, and data loading from those applications has been automated, making the system as a whole both powerful and easy to use. On the other hand, DEXIS is developed based on the combination and integration of existing off

  3. Target Bosnia: Integrating Information Activities in Peace Operations. NATO-Led Operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina, December 1995-1997

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Siegel, Pascale C

    1998-01-01

    This monograph examines the role of information in Peace Support Operations (PSO) and its impact on command and control through the prism of NATO-led operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina from December 1995 into 1997...

  4. Operational Stress Control and Readiness (OSCAR): The United States Marine Corps Initiative to Deliver Mental Health Services to Operating Forces

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nash, William P

    2006-01-01

    Combat/operational stress control, defined as programs and policies to prevent, identify, and manage adverse combat/operational stress reactions, is the primary responsibility of military commanders...

  5. New tools for C.A.D. of input devices for tele-operation with force feedback

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gosselin, F.

    2000-01-01

    The performances of a tele-operation system are related to the master arm's ability to emulate the behavior of the remote environment. Ideally, it allows the operator to control the slave arm in a natural way as if that were an extension of its own body. The criteria to be checked for that are known but contradictory. It is thus necessary to make trade-offs on which there is not consensus. Existing input devices are therefore very varied thus more or less adapted to the tasks considered, which is in general checked a posteriori. In this document, we propose an original approach allowing to dimension the master arm a priori according to the use which one wishes to make. For that, we developed two tools: - the first one makes it possible to establish his specifications by taking account of the transmission of information between the operator and the slave arm. By exploiting their respective limitations, one is assured that the master arm will not limit the performances of the system, - the second one allows to design it (kinematics, size, motorization... ) according to the preceding specifications. For that, we use well-known theoretical tools which however are approached here as design tools. This leads to the definition of new concepts which do not appear in the literature. This approach is used to establish the specifications of a master arm for nuclear and offshore tele-operation then to design two input devices answering these specifications. The first has 3 degrees of freedom with force feedback. Its performances are higher than those of the best existing input devices. The second is a mock-up of a 6 degrees of freedom master arm. It uses a new parallel structure that is redundant in actuation and whose performances are remarkable. (author) [fr

  6. Forced-air warming: a source of airborne contamination in the operating room?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Leaper

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Forced-air-warming (FAW is an effective and widely used means for maintaining surgical normothermia, but FAW also has the potential to generate and mobilize airborne contamination in the operating room. We measured the emission of viable and non-viable forms of airborne contamination from an arbitrary selection of FAW blowers (n=25 in the operating room. A laser particle counter measured particulate concentrations of the air near the intake filter and in the distal hose airstream. Filtration efficiency was calculated as the reduction in particulate concentration in the distal hose airstream relative to that of the intake. Microbial colonization of the FAW blower’s internal hose surfaces was assessed by culturing the microorganisms recovered through swabbing (n=17 and rinsing (n=9 techniques. Particle counting revealed that 24% of FAW blowers were emitting significant levels of internally generated airborne contamination in the 0.5 to 5.0 mm size range, evidenced by a steep decrease in FAW blower filtration efficiency for particles 0.5 to 5.0 mm in size. The particle size-range-specific reduction in efficiency could not be explained by the filtration properties of the intake filter. Instead, the reduction was found to be caused by size-range-specific particle generation within the FAW blowers. Microorganisms were detected on the internal air path surfaces of 94% of FAW blowers. The design of FAW blowers was found to be questionable for preventing the build-up of internal contamination and the emission of airborne contamination into the operating room. Although we did not evaluate the link between FAW and surgical site infection rates, a significant percentage of FAW blowers with positive microbial cultures were emitting internally generated airborne contamination within the size range of free floating bacteria and fungi (<4 mm that could, conceivably, settle onto the surgical site.

  7. Operational Protection of Information Technology Assets. A Commander's Guide to Risk Reduction

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hamby, Janice

    1997-01-01

    Information technology (IT) is an essential part of any military action. The U.S. military increasingly relies on the force multiplier effect yielded by technological superiority and plans to conduct information warfare...

  8. Co-operative agreement for Arab States in Asia for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology (ARASIA). Entry into force

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    The Co-operative Agreement for Arab States in Asia for Research, Development and Training related to Nuclear Science and Technology (ARASIA), pursuant to Article XII, entered into force upon receipt by the Director General of the Agency of notification of acceptance by three Arab Member States of the Agency in Asia, in accordance with Article XI, i.e. on 29 July 2002. The Agreement shall continue to be in force for a period of six years from the date of its entry into force and may be extended for further period(s) if the States Parties so agree. The text of the Agreement is reproduced in the Annex hereto for the information of all Member States. By 20 November 2002, there were 5 Parties to the above Agreement

  9. 78 FR 77484 - Extension of Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: Pipeline System Operator...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ... partners and relevant industry stakeholders. Additionally, to facilitate the exchange of security information in a timely fashion, contact data is necessary for pipeline operators' security operations or...

  10. Heat strain during military training activities: The dilemma of balancing force protection and operational capability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Andrew P; Billing, Daniel C; Patterson, Mark J; Caldwell, Joanne N

    2016-01-01

    Military activities in hot environments pose 2 competing demands: the requirement to perform realistic training to develop operational capability with the necessity to protect armed forces personnel against heat-related illness. To ascertain whether work duration limits for protection against heat-related illness restrict military activities, this study examined the heat strain and risks of heat-related illness when conducting a military activity above the prescribed work duration limits. Thirty-seven soldiers conducted a march (10 km; ∼5.5 km h -1 ) carrying 41.8 ± 3.6 kg of equipment in 23.1 ± 1.8°C wet-bulb globe temperature. Body core temperature was recorded throughout and upon completion, or withdrawal, participants rated their severity of heat-related symptoms. Twenty-three soldiers completed the march in 107 ± 6.4 min (Completers); 9 were symptomatic for heat exhaustion, withdrawing after 71.6 ± 10.1 min (Symptomatic); and five were removed for body core temperature above 39.0°C (Hyperthermic) after 58.4 ± 4.5 min. Body core temperature was significantly higher in the Hyperthermic (39.03 ± 0.26°C), than Symptomatic (38.34 ± 0.44°C; P = 0.007 ) and Completers (37.94 ± 0.37°C; Pmilitary force. The dissociation between heat-related symptoms and body core temperature elevation suggests that the physiological mechanisms underpinning exhaustion during exertional heat stress should be re-examined to determine the most appropriate physiological criteria for prescribing work duration limits.

  11. Examining effective factors on human forces' productivity in bureau of naval operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Younes Bahadori

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims at examining effective factors on improvement of human forces' productivity and determining degree of influence and importance of each group among factors including workshop equipment and arrangement in organization, system of control and supervision on employees, degree of employees training, occupational value of employees and at last, administrating meritocracy system on improvement of human forces' productivity. Statistical population is composed of bureau of naval operations' employees in oil terminals' company in Khark, Iran. Statistical population has been 230, among which 135 people were determined as statistical sample size using Cochran formula. Survey instrument in this research has been questionnaire, according to which employees' ideas about effective factors on employees' productivity were evaluated. These questionnaires completed by people among statistical sample contain 16 close questions which were set up according to Likert 5-grade scale and were distributed as 135 numbers that after returning questionnaire, statistical analysis and data processing were accomplished. Analysis was performed in 2 descriptive and inferential statistics levels. Results of data analysis show that: A 5-fold factors under review “workshop equipment and arrangement of organization, system of control and supervision on employees, degree of employees training, occupational value of employees and administrating meritocracy related to human resources by management” have had effects on improvement of employees' productivity as average. B degree of employees training and then occupational value of employees and administrating meritocracy system have had the most influence, and workshop equipment and arrangement of organization and system of control and supervision on employees have had the least influence.

  12. Network Centric Operations (NCO) Case Study: U.S. Navy's Fifth Fleet Task Force 50 in Operation ENDURING FREEDOM

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Garstka, John; Holloman, Kimberly; Balisle, Christine W; Adkins, Mark; Kruse, Jon

    2006-01-01

    .... The focus is on the background and creation of Task Force 50 (TF-50), and primarily on the evolution of the transformational capabilities that permitted TF-50 to succeed in the manner that it did...

  13. Enhanced efficiency in the excitation of higher modes for atomic force microscopy and mechanical sensors operated in liquids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Penedo, M., E-mail: mapenedo@imm.cnm.csic.es; Hormeño, S.; Fernández-Martínez, I.; Luna, M.; Briones, F. [IMM-Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid (CNM-CSIC), Isaac Newton 8, PTM, E-28760 Tres Cantos, Madrid (Spain); Raman, A. [Birck Nanotechnology Center and School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47904 (United States)

    2014-10-27

    Recent developments in dynamic Atomic Force Microscopy where several eigenmodes are simultaneously excited in liquid media are proving to be an excellent tool in biological studies. Despite its relevance, the search for a reliable, efficient, and strong cantilever excitation method is still in progress. Herein, we present a theoretical modeling and experimental results of different actuation methods compatible with the operation of Atomic Force Microscopy in liquid environments: ideal acoustic, homogeneously distributed force, distributed applied torque (MAC Mode™), photothermal and magnetostrictive excitation. From the analysis of the results, it can be concluded that magnetostriction is the strongest and most efficient technique for higher eigenmode excitation when using soft cantilevers in liquid media.

  14. Wind Information Uplink to Aircraft Performing Interval Management Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Nashat N.; Barmore, Bryan E.; Swieringa, Kurt A.

    2016-01-01

    Interval Management (IM) is an ADS-B-enabled suite of applications that use ground and flight deck capabilities and procedures designed to support the relative spacing of aircraft (Barmore et al., 2004, Murdoch et al. 2009, Barmore 2009, Swieringa et al. 2011; Weitz et al. 2012). Relative spacing refers to managing the position of one aircraft to a time or distance relative to another aircraft, as opposed to a static reference point such as a point over the ground or clock time. This results in improved inter-aircraft spacing precision and is expected to allow aircraft to be spaced closer to the applicable separation standard than current operations. Consequently, if the reduced spacing is used in scheduling, IM can reduce the time interval between the first and last aircraft in an overall arrival flow, resulting in increased throughput. Because IM relies on speed changes to achieve precise spacing, it can reduce costly, low-altitude, vectoring, which increases both efficiency and throughput in capacity-constrained airspace without negatively impacting controller workload and task complexity. This is expected to increase overall system efficiency. The Flight Deck Interval Management (FIM) equipment provides speeds to the flight crew that will deliver them to the achieve-by point at the controller-specified time, i.e., assigned spacing goal, after the target aircraft crosses the achieve-by point (Figure 1.1). Since the IM and target aircraft may not be on the same arrival procedure, the FIM equipment predicts the estimated times of arrival (ETA) for both the IM and target aircraft to the achieve-by point. This involves generating an approximate four-dimensional trajectory for each aircraft. The accuracy of the wind data used to generate those trajectories is critical to the success of the IM operation. There are two main forms of uncertainty in the wind information used by the FIM equipment. The first is the accuracy of the forecast modeling done by the weather

  15. Probe And Drogue Aerial Refueling Requirements: How Will Air Force Special Operations Command Meet Future Demands?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-06-01

    Global Strike Task Force,” ( GSTF ) which will be explained in greater detail shortly. Added to this requirement is the need to increase the...21 Global Strike Task Force Global Strike Task Force ( GSTF ) is the concept, initiated by General John R. Jumper, Air Force Chief of Staff...the way we fight. GSTF is the Chief’s concept to deal with the difficulties presented by regional threats, asymmetric challenges, and wild card

  16. A Game of Cat and Mouse: Intelligence and Dynamic Targeting in Operation Allied Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    Force, 30 August-14 September 1995,” in ed. Owen, Deliberate Force, 131. 36 Robert A. Pape, Bombing to Win : Air Power and Coercion in War (Ithaca...ed. Deliberate Force: A Case Study in Effective Air Campaigning. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, 2000. Pape, Robert A. Bombing to Win : Air...Bosnia: Strategic Causes, Effects, and Responses,” in Deliberate Force: A Case Study in Effective Air Campaigning, ed. Col Robert C. Owen (Maxwell AFB

  17. Information Operations - Analysis Support and Capability Requirements (Operations d'information - Soutien a l'analyse et exigences de capacites) (CD-ROM)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2006-01-01

    ...: The focus of the study "Information Operations - Analysis Support and Capability Requirements" undertaken by the RTO Task Group SAS-057 was to provide recommendations to improve analysis support...

  18. Information Operations And J-3: A Perfect Union

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Patschke, Gregory

    2004-01-01

    ... on a lack of unity of command and unity of effort as primary catalysts for this failure. They proposed eliminating the IO cell concept and adopting either an IO task force or a specific IO functional component command. I disagree...

  19. Resistance against brute-force attacks on stateless forwarding in information centric networking

    OpenAIRE

    Alzahrani, Bander A.; Reed, Martin J.; Vassilakis, Vassilios G.

    2015-01-01

    Line Speed Publish/Subscribe Inter-networking (LIPSIN) is one of the proposed forwarding mechanisms in Information Centric Networking (ICN). It is a stateless source-routing approach based on Bloom filters. However, it has been shown that LIPSIN is vulnerable to brute-force attacks which may lead to distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks and unsolicited messages. In this work, we propose a new forwarding approach that maintains the advantages of Bloom filter based forwarding while allow...

  20. Strategic and operational information watch newsletter nr 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2017-02-01

    This newsletter proposes an overview of events related to security and defence issues in relationship with impacts of climate change. A first part reports a strategic watch which addresses news about the responsibility of climate changes in the emergence or aggravation of some present crisis, about what is going on in the USA in relationship with climate and defence issues (decisions by Trump, statement of the Secretary of Defence, influence of the political context), about the energy sector (instability of the oil market, the international role of India in the international climate and energy policy), and about international negotiations on climate. The second part reports an operational information watch addresses new technologies and renewable energies, and issues related to the vulnerability, protection and adaptation of infrastructures and equipment, and a health watch (soldier training in hot and wet environment, drought as a factor of Nile fever epidemic, climate changes and always higher risks for human health in Europe). The newsletter finally indicates some brief news, events and recent publications

  1. 78 FR 73818 - Information Collection; Timber Sale Contract Operations and Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... by laws, regulations, and/or timber sale policies. Each contract specifies information the contractor... plans, requests, agreements, and notices necessary for operations under the terms of the contracts... DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Information Collection; Timber Sale Contract Operations...

  2. The FORCE Fitness Profile--Adding a Measure of Health-Related Fitness to the Canadian Armed Forces Operational Fitness Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Patrick; Spivock, Michael; Reilly, Tara; Mattie, Paige; Stockbrugger, Barry

    2015-11-01

    In 2013, the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) implemented the Fitness for Operational Requirements of Canadian Armed Forces Employment (FORCE), a field expedient fitness test designed to predict the physical requirements of completing common military tasks. Given that attaining this minimal physical fitness standard may not represent a challenge to some personnel, a fitness incentive program was requested by the chain of command to recognize and reward fitness over and above the minimal standard. At the same time, it was determined that the CAF would benefit from a measure of general health-related fitness, in addition to this measure of operational fitness. The resulting incentive program structure is based on gender and 8 age categories. The results on the 4 elements of the FORCE evaluation were converted to a point scale from which normative scores were derived, where the median score corresponds to the bronze level, and silver, gold, and platinum correspond to a score which is 1, 2, and 3 SDs above this median, respectively. A suite of rewards including merit board point toward promotions and recognition on the uniform and material rewards was developed. A separate group rewards program was also tabled, to recognize achievements in fitness at the unit level. For general fitness, oxygen capacity was derived from FORCE evaluation results and combined with a measure of abdominal circumference. Fitness categories were determined based on relative risks of mortality and morbidity for each age and gender group. Pilot testing of this entire program was performed with 624 participants to assess participants' reactions to the enhanced test, and also to verify logistical aspects of the electronic data capture, calculation, and transfer system. The newly dubbed fitness profile program was subsequently approved by the senior leadership of the CAF and is scheduled to begin a phased implementation in June 2015.

  3. Unit information system operational displays for VVER-1000 reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anikanov, S.S.; Carrera, J.P.; Gordon, P.

    1997-01-01

    The role of high level operational displays is explained as well as the principles of the design of such displays. The tasks of WWER operating personnel are described and the support provided by operational displays is highlighted. The architecture of the displays is also dealt with. (A.K.)

  4. Workspace Safe Operation of a Force- or Impedance-Controlled Robot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdallah, Muhammad E. (Inventor); Hargrave, Brian (Inventor); Yamokoski, John D. (Inventor); Strawser, Philip A. (Inventor)

    2013-01-01

    A method of controlling a robotic manipulator of a force- or impedance-controlled robot within an unstructured workspace includes imposing a saturation limit on a static force applied by the manipulator to its surrounding environment, and may include determining a contact force between the manipulator and an object in the unstructured workspace, and executing a dynamic reflex when the contact force exceeds a threshold to thereby alleviate an inertial impulse not addressed by the saturation limited static force. The method may include calculating a required reflex torque to be imparted by a joint actuator to a robotic joint. A robotic system includes a robotic manipulator having an unstructured workspace and a controller that is electrically connected to the manipulator, and which controls the manipulator using force- or impedance-based commands. The controller, which is also disclosed herein, automatically imposes the saturation limit and may execute the dynamic reflex noted above.

  5. Environmental Impact Statement Supersonic Flight Operations in the Valentine Military Operations Area, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    FERRENSAO4. SAN ANTONIO 3 CHAIRMAN MAXINE L FLOURNOY, ALICE MRS. ILL LONG, KILGORE WOODROW GLASSCOCK. JR., HONDO VICHAIRMAN 4Q HARRY A. GOLEMON...him make a decision on whether area each month. appalled" that they could not an- to fly the supersonic missions. The Air Force forgot to bring swer

  6. Information networks and library co-operation in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Sulistyo-Basuki, L.

    2002-01-01

    Documentation and information networks in Indonesia began in 1971 with the establishment of four information networks in the fields of science and technology, agriculture and biology, health and medicine and humanities and social sciences. It was followed by about 30 information networks, a few which are still functioning as actual information networks while the weakest point is in humanities and social sciences. Union catalogues as a means of information networks have been compiled by variou...

  7. [About the elaboration of the unique informational space of the medical service of the Armed Forces and improvement of informational assurance of system of it's control].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shappo, V V; Stoliar, V P; Zubkov, A D

    2007-12-01

    The now-day period of development of the medical service of the Armed Forces of the RF and it's system of control is characterized by a growing up need by functionaries of control departments in an actual, authentic, well-timed and all-round information. This information is necessary for qualitative solving of concrete missions. Growing of volume and importance of information stipulates research of new methods and ways of rise of control effectiveness. One of the ways of resolving this problem is elaboration of the unique informational space of the medical service of the Armed Forces of RF. Realization of perspectives of improvement of information acquisition and processing for the control of the medical service permits create the unique informational space of the medical service of the Armed Forces of RF, realize a centralized control, solving missions of building and reforming of system of control and medical supply of Forces.

  8. The Operational Capability of the American Expeditionary Forces in the World War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-04

    attend the Advance Military Studies Program, COLs Michael Getchell, John Marr , and John Norris. Finally, to my college mentor, Dario Lorenzetti, killed...command and control, operational durability, operational vision , a distributed enemy, and distributed deployment.99 These characteristics provide the...increase in operational capability. The three remaining characteristics of Dr. Schneider’s operational art are important (operational vision , a

  9. Requirements to be made on future information systems in NPP operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Becker, G.; Distler, K.

    1987-01-01

    The objective of advanced operational information systems (OIS) is to support and alleviate the operator's work. Human skills and performance limits on the one hand, and the tasks of the operators during various operating states on the other hand are the bases for deriving system design requirements. The paper discusses such aspects like the dynamism of process events, the passive/active role played by the operators in normal/disturbed operation, the compatibility of information representation between OIS and conventional display configuration, parallel versus serial information presentation, team work of operators, parallel processing of tasks within the team; the resulting requirements are derived. (orig./DG) [de

  10. A Force Sensorless Method for CFRP/Ti Stack Interface Detection during Robotic Orbital Drilling Operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiang Fang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Drilling carbon fiber reinforced plastics and titanium (CFRP/Ti stacks is one of the most important activities in aircraft assembly. It is favorable to use different drilling parameters for each layer due to their dissimilar machining properties. However, large aircraft parts with changing profiles lead to variation of thickness along the profiles, which makes it challenging to adapt the cutting parameters for different materials being drilled. This paper proposes a force sensorless method based on cutting force observer for monitoring the thrust force and identifying the drilling material during the drilling process. The cutting force observer, which is the combination of an adaptive disturbance observer and friction force model, is used to estimate the thrust force. An in-process algorithm is developed to monitor the variation of the thrust force for detecting the stack interface between the CFRP and titanium materials. Robotic orbital drilling experiments have been conducted on CFRP/Ti stacks. The estimate error of the cutting force observer was less than 13%, and the stack interface was detected in 0.25 s (or 0.05 mm before or after the tool transited it. The results show that the proposed method can successfully detect the CFRP/Ti stack interface for the cutting parameters adaptation.

  11. United States Army Special Operations Forces and Building Enduring Partner Enabler Capacity in Operation Enduring Freedom-Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    Assistance Reform: “Section 1206” (Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, January 2012), 24. 18 dental activities.47 The presumption was that...where Filipino doctors and five members of a US Air Force Surgical Team conducted triage, treatment and minor surgery . From the trauma center, both...March 2014): 53-58. Justino, Patricia. “Poverty and Violent Conflict: A Micro -Level Perspective on the Causes and Duration of Warfare. Journal of

  12. Electronic Warfare (EW) Historical Perspectives and Its Relationship to Information Operations (IO) - Considerations for Turkey

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kucukozyigit, Ali C

    2006-01-01

    ...) and Information Operations (IO) core, supporting and related competencies. Understanding the definitions of information and its value, information superiority, and the decision making cycle provides the foundation for the thesis...

  13. Operational Stress Control and Readiness (OSCAR): The United States Marine Corps Initiative to Deliver Mental Health Services to Operating Forces

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nash, William P

    2006-01-01

    .... The role of military mental health professionals in combat/operational stress control is to adapt scientific tools for prevention, identification, and treatment for use by military leaders at all levels...

  14. Westinghouse Hanford Company Conduct of Operations Manual: GOCO cross-cultivation committee. Revision 1, Operational excellence task force

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-11-01

    Conduct of Operations is a set of standards which establishes an overall philosophy for achieving excellence in the operation of DOE facilities. These standards have application in many facets of our business and shall be considered by each organization that conducts or supports Operations in their efforts to improve overall organizational performance. The formality and accuracy resulting from the implementation of the elements of this manual will enhance safe operations and result in a higher quality product. The elements of the Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities (DOE 5480.19) are tools to do our work. In like manner the tools and methods given in the Maintenance Management Program (DOE 4330.3A) are complementary and are to be used to the fullest. These DOE documents taken together and integrated into site implementation provide the framework for well operated facilities committed to excellence and not just compliance. The goal of this manual is to promote greater ownership and accountability by each individual worker and supervisor. Evidence of our success will include accountability by workers on the floor and in technical inquisitiveness at all levels. Striving for excellence involves all of us and we should not wait for someone else to find our problems.

  15. 14 CFR 135.83 - Operating information required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... retractable landing gear, an emergency cockpit checklist containing the procedures required by paragraph (c...-the-top operations, that data must be sufficient to enable the pilot to determine compliance with...

  16. 47 CFR 76.1610 - Change of operational information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., partnership, corporation, or government entity. See § 76.5(cc). If the operator is a partnership, the legal... code, and e-mail address, if applicable, to which all communications are to be directed; (d) The nature...

  17. Weather information integration in transportation management center (TMC) operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-02

    This report presents the results of the third phase of an on-going FHWA study on weather integration in Transportation Management Center (TMC) operations. The report briefly describes the earlier phases of the integration study, summarizes the findin...

  18. Army Secure Operating System: Information Security for Real Time Systems

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Anderson, Eric

    1984-01-01

    .... ASOS will support real time applications software coded in Ada. In addition, ASOS will incorporate information security technology to protect classified data processed by Army tactical systems...

  19. Utilisation of operating experiences - NUCIA (Nuclear Information Archives)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tsuruta, T.

    2007-01-01

    In this presentation, 'NUCIA (Nuclear Information Archives)', an information-disclosure library for nuclear facilities, is introduced as one of the action cases to ensure transparency of nuclear facilities. At the opening of the presentation, the mechanisms of information disclosure to he used in the event of trouble are overviewed, and the role of NUCIA will be explained in the process. Next, registered information and the data on administrative performance are introduced after explaining the purpose and principal content of NUCIA referring to the on-screen display of the actual conditions of NUCIA. (author)

  20. The Operational Preparedness of United States Air Force Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists to Provide Trauma Anesthesia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Frank, Michael W

    1999-01-01

    .... The purpose of this study was to determine the experience and training in trauma anesthesia of CRNAs in the United States Air Force, as well as their perceived value of this experience and training...

  1. PAVE PAWS Early Warning Radar Operation Cape Cod Air Force Station, MA. Record of Decision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Supplemei OET PAVE PAWS PCS PPPHSG RF RFE RFR rms ROD SATCOM SEIS SLBM SLEP SSPARS TV UEWR UHF VDT VHF V/m W/kg W/m2 Office of...Exempt Lasers, DOD 6055.11, February 21, 1996. • Air Force Occupational Safety and Health (AFOSH) Standard, Radio Frequency Radiation ( RFR ) Safety...other RFE emitters at Cape Cod AFS in accordance with Air Force Occupational Safety and Health (AFOSH) Standard 48-9, RFR Safety Program, which

  2. Intra-operative warming with a forced-air warmer in preventing hypothermia after tourniquet deflation in elderly patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Y-S; Jeon, Y-S; Lee, J-A; Park, W-K; Koh, H-S; Joo, J-D; In, J-H; Seo, K-W

    2009-01-01

    This randomized, single-blind study aimed to explore the effects of intra-operative warming with a forced-air warmer in the prevention of hypothermia after tourniquet deflation in elderly patients undergoing unilateral total knee replacement arthroplasty under general anaesthesia. Patients were randomized to receive either intra-operative warming using a forced-air warmer with an upper body blanket (warming group; n = 12) or no intra-operative warming (nonwarming group; n = 12). Oesophageal temperature was measured as core body temperature. At 30 min following tourniquet inflation, the core body temperature started to increase in the warming group whereas it continued to drop in the non-warming group. This difference was statistically significant. The final core body temperature after tourniquet deflation was significantly higher in the warming group (mean +/- SD 36.1 +/- 0.2 degrees C) than in the non-warming group (35.4 +/- 0.3 degrees C). Intra-operative forced-air warming increased the core body temperature before tourniquet deflation and prevented subsequent hypothermia in elderly patients under general anaesthesia.

  3. Information Technology: Opportunities for Improving Acquisitions and Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-01

    acquisitions using agile development processes.26 One participant noted that, in her experience, the government may not explore all procurement...United States Government Accountability Office Highlights of GAO-17-251SP, a GAO forum April 2017 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Opportunities... government leadership. They identified key actions related to the following topics: strengthening the Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act

  4. INFORMATIONAL APPLICATION FOR THE SUPPORT OF OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rotaru Simona

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The development of the informational and communicational technology makes possible the use of a diversity of systems, instruments and technologies that offer to the decisional factors sharp and safe informations and also proper ways to process and analyse those informations in order to achieve an efficient development of their activities. We chose the internet - for theoretic and also for practical reasons - as informational technology because it stays at the base of other informational, decisional and communicational technologies - the intranet, the extranet, the web, the e-commerce, the groupware etc. Among the practical reasons we mention: low costs, fast communications and the performances inside the office and in relation with other people, especially with the clients; the market's development and the easier acquisition and fusion processes.

  5. On Stability of Open-Loop Operation without Rotor Information for Brushless DC Motors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhong Wu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Open-loop operation mode is often used to control the Brushless DC Motors (BLDCMs without rotor position sensors when the back electromotive force (EMF is too weak due to the very low rotor velocity. The rotor position information is not necessary in this mode and the stator windings are supplied with voltages under a certain ratio of the amplitude to the frequency. However, the rotor synchronization will be destroyed once if the commutation instant is inappropriate. In order to improve the reliability of the open-loop operation mode, a dynamic equation is established to represent the synchronization error between the rotor and the stator. Thereafter, the stability of the open-loop control mode is analyzed by using Lyapunov indirect method. Theoretical analysis indicates that the open-loop control mode is asymptotically stable only when the commutation instant of the stator current lags behind the ideal one suitably. Finally, theoretical analysis is verified through the experimental results of a certain BLDCM.

  6. Two-phase forced-convective fouling under steam generator operating conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klimas, S.J.; Pietralik, J.M.

    2002-01-01

    Two-phase forced-convective fouling can occur in adiabatic two-phase flow and in diabatic two-phase flow, where it can be a significant contributor to fouling under flow-boiling conditions. For recirculating steam generators (SGs), it is, therefore, of significance to steam separators, tube support plates, tubesheet and the tube bundle. Loop test data are presented on forced-convective fouling rate of iron corrosion products under a range of conditions relevant to the secondary-side of recirculating SGs. The measurements were performed using a number of corrosion products (magnetite, hematite and lepidocrocite) under a range of water chemistry conditions, with several different amines. The measurements were limited to the straight-tube geometry. Comparable fouling data are given for flow-boiling conditions. A SG artefact was examined to corroborate the loop data. The rate constants for the forced-convective fouling measurements are compared with those for flow-boiling fouling. Their relative magnitudes can vary greatly, depending on the chemistry and thermohydraulic conditions. Boiling fouling dominated over forced-convection fouling for hematite and lepidocrocite particles, likely because of particle-bubble interactions. Forced-convective fouling rate was only slightly lower than boiling fouling for magnetite. For the region of cross-flow (upper tube bundle), deposits show significant thickness variation. Four or five deposit thickness peaks are noted, approximately equally spaced circumferentially. It is hypothesized that the fouling pattern is developed due to the cross-flow pattern present in the tube bundle. The possible interactions between the force-convective and nucleate-boiling fouling streams are briefly discussed. A method is presented for the superposition of the forced-convective and nucleate boiling fouling components. This method is based on the Chen heat transfer correlation. (author)

  7. Strategy for the Long Haul. Special Operations Forces: Future Challenges and Opportunities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martinage, Robert

    2008-01-01

    .... During the unconventional war against the Taliban and al Qaeda in Afghanistan in Operation Enduring Freedom, SOF played a pivotal role by integrating US precision air power with the operations...

  8. Information Theory for Risk-based Water System Operation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weijs, S.V.

    2011-01-01

    Operational management of water resources needs predictions of future behavior of water systems, to anticipate shortage or excess of water in a timely manner. Because the natural systems that are part of the hydrological cycle are complex, the predictions inevitably are subject to considerable

  9. Advanced Operational Concepts for Information Sharing and Coordination Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-01

    will become active regardless of their location. For example, one member, after receiving the alert, finds the Metro has stopped operating due to...but have an RJ-45 Ethernet connector (instead of the standard RJ-11) and can connect directly to a router. They have all hardware and software

  10. Cooperation between information system development and operations: a literature review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erich, Floris; Amrit, Chintan Amrit; Daneva, Maia; Torchiano, M.

    2014-01-01

    Software development can profit from improvements in the deployment and maintenance phases. DevOps improves these phases through a collection of principles and practices, centered around close collaboration between Development and Operations personnel. Both sides have paid little attention to issues

  11. The operation criteria of a health management information system ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In order to achieve maximum returns on an investment or intervention evaluation should be from the outset. The process must consider system life cycle management and the organization's policy and budget as important integral factors. Objective: To evaluate the operation phase of the implemented Health Management ...

  12. Weather Information Services supporting Civilian UAS Operations, Phase I

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — We build a system that supports the weather information needs of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) planning to fly in the National Airspace System (NAS). This weather...

  13. 77 FR 40493 - Operations Specifications; OMB Approval of Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ... 5. 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For technical questions contact Darcy D. Reed..., 800 Independence Avenue SW., Washington DC 20591; email: Darcy[email protected] ; Telephone: 202-385...

  14. Integrating Programming Language and Operating System Information Security Mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-31

    suggestions for reducing the burden, to the Department of Defense, Executive Service Directorate (0704-0188). Respondents should be aware that...improve the precision of security enforcement, and to provide greater assurance of information security. This grant focuses on two key projects: language...based control of authority; and formal guarantees for the correctness of audit information. 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17

  15. Kosovo Armed Forces Development; Achieving NATO Non-Article 5 Crisis Response Operations Interoperability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-12

    Intercultural Factors. ................................................................................................. 27 Allied Administrative...Multinational Military Operations and Intercultural Factors, NATO Standard Allied Administrative Publication (AAP) 47 Allied Joint Doctrine Development, NATO...standards for Peace Support Operations. NATO RTO Technical Report Multinational Military Operations and Intercultural Factors. NATO Research and

  16. PARAMETER DETERMINATION FOR ADDITIONAL OPERATING FORCE MECHANISM IN DEVICE FOR PNEUMO-CENTRIFUGAL MACHINING OF BALL-SHAPED WORKPIECES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Sukhotsky

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes development of the methodology for optimization of parameters for an additional operating force mechanism in a device for pneumo-centrifugal machining of glass balls. Specific feature in manufacturing glass balls for micro-optics in accordance with technological process for obtaining ball-shaped workpieces is grinding and polishing of spherical surface in a free state. In this case component billets of future balls are made in the form of cubes and the billets are given preliminary a form of ball with the help of rough grinding. An advanced method for obtaining ball-shaped work-pieces from brittle materials is a pneumocentrifugal machining. This method presupposes an application of two conic rings with abrasive working surfaces which are set coaxially with large diameters to each other and the billets are rolled along these rings. Rotation of the billets is conveyed by means of pressure medium.The present devices for pneumo-centrifugal machining are suitable for obtaining balls up to 6 mm. Machining of the work-pieces with full spherical surfaces and large diameter is non-productive due to impossibility to ensure a sufficient force on the billet in the working zone. For this reason the paper proposes a modified device where an additional force on the machined billet is created by upper working disc that is making a reciprocating motion along an axis of abrasive conic rings. The motion is realized with the help of a cylindrical camshaft mechanism in the form of a ring with a profile working end face and the purpose of present paper is to optimize parameters of the proposed device.The paper presents expressions for calculation of constitutive parameters of the additional operating force mechanism including parameters of loading element motion, main dimensions of the additional operating force mechanism and parameters of a profile element in the additional operating force mechanism.Investigation method is a mathematical

  17. Correct, Fake and Absent Pre-Information Does Not Affect the Occurrence and Magnitude of the Bilateral Force Deficit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lars Donath

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study examined whether different pre-information conditions could lead to a volitional modulation of the occurrence and magnitude of the bilateral force deficit (BFD during isometric leg press. Twenty trained male adults (age: 24.5 ± 1.7 years; weight: 77.5 ± 7.1 kg; height: 1.81 ± 0.05 m were examined on three days within a week. Isometric leg press was performed on a negatively inclined leg press slide. Each participant completed three maximal isometric strength test sessions with different pre-information conditions given in a graphical chart: no pre-information (NPI; first day, false pre-information (FPI; bilateral force > sum of unilateral forces; second or third day and correct pre-information (CPI; bilateral force < sum of unilateral forces; second or third day during bilateral, unilateral-left and unilateral-right leg-press. The sum of left- and right-sided force values were calculated for bilateral (FBL = FBL_left + FBL_right and unilateral (FUL = FUL_left + FUL_right analyses. Force data for NPI revealed: Mean (SD: FUL_NPI = 3023 N (435 vs. FBL_NPI = 2812 (453; FPI showed FUL_FPI = 3013 N (459 vs. FBL_FPI = 2843 (446 and the CPI revealed FUL_CPI = 3035 (425 vs. FBL_CPI = 2844 (385. The three (no, false, correct x 2 (FUL, FBL rANOVA revealed a high significant main effect of Force (F = 61.82, p < 0.001. No significant main effect of the factor Condition and no significant interaction between Force x Condition was observed. The BFD does not rely on the trueness of the given pre-information (no, false, correct. Cognition-based volitional influences on the BFD on supra-spinal level seem negligible.

  18. Correct, fake and absent pre-information does not affect the occurrence and magnitude of the bilateral force deficit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donath, Lars; Siebert, Tobias; Faude, Oliver; Puta, Christian

    2014-05-01

    The present study examined whether different pre-information conditions could lead to a volitional modulation of the occurrence and magnitude of the bilateral force deficit (BFD) during isometric leg press. Twenty trained male adults (age: 24.5 ± 1.7 years; weight: 77.5 ± 7.1 kg; height: 1.81 ± 0.05 m) were examined on three days within a week. Isometric leg press was performed on a negatively inclined leg press slide. Each participant completed three maximal isometric strength test sessions with different pre-information conditions given in a graphical chart: no pre-information (NPI; first day), false pre-information (FPI; bilateral force > sum of unilateral forces; second or third day) and correct pre-information (CPI; bilateral force < sum of unilateral forces; second or third day) during bilateral, unilateral-left and unilateral-right leg-press. The sum of left- and right-sided force values were calculated for bilateral (FBL = FBL_left + FBL_right) and unilateral (FUL = FUL_left + FUL_right) analyses. Force data for NPI revealed: Mean (SD): FUL_NPI = 3023 N (435) vs. FBL_NPI = 2812 (453); FPI showed FUL_FPI = 3013 N (459) vs. FBL_FPI = 2843 (446) and the CPI revealed FUL_CPI = 3035 (425) vs. FBL_CPI = 2844 (385). The three (no, false, correct) x 2 (FUL, FBL) rANOVA revealed a high significant main effect of Force (F = 61.82, p < 0.001). No significant main effect of the factor Condition and no significant interaction between Force x Condition was observed. The BFD does not rely on the trueness of the given pre-information (no, false, correct). Cognition-based volitional influences on the BFD on supra-spinal level seem negligible. Key pointsBFD is reliable occurring phenomenonAvailable theoretical knowledge does not affect the BFDAlternating sport should include alternating strength exercises.

  19. Sensorial information return device of the strain exerted on a manipulator by its operator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hennebaut, J.M.; Peruchon, E.X.M.; Micallef, J.P.; Valentin, C.; Tadjou, I.; Rabischong, P.

    1994-01-01

    A master-slave remote handling device incorporates a set of electric resistance strain gages which monitor the forces applied by the operator to the handle to actuate an alarm if the forces are likely to damage the device. The strain gages are attached to a tubular section of the master side of the device between the handle and the first joint and comprises twelve gages arranged in groups of four. 3 figs

  20. Special Operations Forces in the People’s Liberation Army and the Development of an Integral Unconventional Warfare Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    Yahuda , Michael . The International Politics of the Asia-Pacific, 1945-1995 (New York; Routledge, 1996). Yang, Andrew N.D. and Liao, Milton Wen...Action: The Challenge of Unconventional Warfare (Portland: Frank Cass Press, 2001), 3-4. 9. Michael J.Strack, “China: Special Operations Forces of...weapons/scud.html; Internet; accessed 21 March 2005. 59. Michael B. Gordon and General Bernard E. Trainor, “ The General’s War: The Inside Story of

  1. Challenges in the Asia-Pacific Theater for U.S. and Partner Nation Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    facilities, reinforced concrete shelters, revetments, and camouflage . In addition to those air bases in China’s southeast, China’s air power can...will be able to provide useable targeting data to its missile forces.103 China’s development of long-endurance maritime surveillance drones will...the PLA will be able to support the operation of a network of high-altitude, long-endurance surveillance drones that will provide persistent

  2. Interagency Trust in the Whole of Government Approach to Canadian Forces Operations: Subject Matter Expert Discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    Afghanistan et en Haïti), les Forces canadiennes (FC) sont appelées à travailler en étroite collaboration avec un certain nombre d’autres ministères...des opérations en cours (p. ex. celles menées en Afghanistan et en Haïti), les Forces canadiennes (FC) sont appelées à travailler en étroite...Des travaux de recherches exécutés antérieurement pour le compte de RDDC Toronto ont révélé certains problèmes d’ordre organisationnel, social et

  3. Understanding Commanders’ Information Needs for Influence Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Dynamics, May 1999; and Dunia Lopez-Pintado, “Diffusion in Complex Social Networks,” WP-AD 2004-33, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Economicas...1917. Lopez-Pintado, Dunia, “Diffusion in Complex Social Networks,” Working Paper WP-AD 2004-33, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Economicas...107 E. Assessment of Social Network Analysis for Influence Operations

  4. Techniques for Information Collection During Operations Among Populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-05

    or a scheduled meeting. This interaction can also occur via telephone calls, video teleconference, or other audiovisual mediums. This engagement...operation. PRE-DEPLOYMENT PLANNING 2-2. Planning is the process by which Army leaders translate the commander’s visualization into a specific...effective way to communicate or translate this to their Soldiers. DEPLOYMENT PREPARATION 2-29. Units prepare for deployment. When applied to

  5. National Ignition Facility Control and Information System Operational Tools

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marshall, C D; Beeler, R G; Bowers, G A; Carey, R W; Fisher, J M; Foxworthy, C B; Frazier, T M; Mathisen, D G; Lagin, L J; Rhodes, J J; Shaw, M J

    2009-10-08

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF) in Livermore, California, is the world's highest-energy laser fusion system and one of the premier large scale scientific projects in the United States. The system is designed to setup and fire a laser shot to a fusion ignition or high energy density target at rates up to a shot every 4 hours. NIF has 192 laser beams delivering up to 1.8 MJ of energy to a {approx}2 mm target that is planned to produce >100 billion atm of pressure and temperatures of >100 million degrees centigrade. NIF is housed in a ten-story building footprint the size of three football fields as shown in Fig. 1. Commissioning was recently completed and NIF will be formally dedicated at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory on May 29, 2009. The control system has 60,000 hardware controls points and employs 2 million lines of control system code. The control room has highly automated equipment setup prior to firing laser system shots. This automation has a data driven implementation that is conducive to dynamic modification and optimization depending on the shot goals defined by the end user experimenters. NIF has extensive facility machine history and infrastructure maintenance workflow tools both under development and deployed. An extensive operational tools suite has been developed to support facility operations including experimental shot setup, machine readiness, machine health and safety, and machine history. The following paragraphs discuss the current state and future upgrades to these four categories of operational tools.

  6. Testing market informational efficiency of Constanta port operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roşca, E.; Popa, M.; Ruscă, F.; Burciu, Ş.

    2015-11-01

    The Romanian capital market is still an emergent one. Following the mass- privatization process and the private investments, three of the most important handling and storage companies acting in Constantza Port (OIL Terminal, Comvex and SOCEP) are listed on Romanian Stock Exchange. The paper investigates their evolution on the market, identifying the expected rate of return and the components of the shares risk (specific and systematic). Also, the price evolution could be analyzed through the informational efficiency which instantly reflects the price relevance. The Jarque-Bera normality test regarding the shares return rate distribution and the Fama test for the informational efficiency are completed for each company. The market price model is taken into consideration for price forecasting, computing the return rate auto-correlations. The results are subject of interpretation considering additional managerial and financial information of the companies’ activity.

  7. Force-feedback tele operation of industrial robots a cost effective solution for decontamination of nuclear plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Desbats, P.; Andriot, C.; Gicquel, P.; Viallesoubranne, J.P.; Souche, C.

    1998-01-01

    Decontamination and maintenance in hot cells are some new emerging applications of industrial robots in the nuclear fuel cycle plants. Industrial robots are low cost, accurate and reliable manipulator arms which are used in manufacturing industries usually. Thanks to the recent evolution of robotics technologies, some industrial robots may be adapted to nuclear environment. These robots are transportable, sealed and can be decontaminated, and they may be 'hardened' up to a level of irradiation dose sufficient for operation in low and medium irradiating/contaminating environments. Although industrial robots are usually programmed to perform specific and repetitive tasks, they may be remotely tele-operated by human operators as well. This allows industrial robots to perform usual tele-manipulation tasks encountered in the nuclear plants and more. The paper presents the computer based tele-operation control system TAO2000 TM , developed by the Tele-operation and Robotics Service of CEA, which has been applied to the RX90 TM industrial robot from ST-UBLI company. This robot has been selected in order to perform various maintenance and decontamination tasks in COGEMA plants. TAO2000 provides the overall tele-robotic and robotic functions necessary to perform any remote tele-operation application in hostile environment: force-feedback master-slave control; computer- assisted tele-operation of mechanical processes; trajectory programming as well as various robotics functions; graphical modelling of working environment and simulation; automatic path planning with obstacle avoidance; man-machine interface for tasks programming and mission execution. Experimental results reported in the paper demonstrate the feasibility of force-feedback master-slave control of standard industrial robots. Finally, the design of new, cost effective. tele-operation systems based on industrial robots may be intended for nuclear plants maintenance. (author)

  8. Interim policy on establishment and operation of internet open, anonymous information servers and services

    OpenAIRE

    Acting Dean of Computer and Information Services

    1995-01-01

    Purpose. To establish interim NPS general policy regarding establishment and operation of Open, Anonymous Information Servers and Services, such as World Wide Web (http), Gopher, Anonymous FTP, etc...

  9. Ultrascalable Techniques Applied to the Global Intelligence Community Information Awareness Common Operating Picture (IA COP)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Valdes, Alfonso; Kadte, Jim

    2005-01-01

    The focus of this research is to develop detection, correlation, and representation approaches to address the needs of the Intelligence Community Information Awareness Common Operating Picture (IA COP...

  10. INFORMATION SECURITY: Strengthened Management Needed to Protect Critical Federal Operations and Assets

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dodaro, Gene

    1998-01-01

    .... Our most recent report, done at the request of this Committee, delineates the serious information security weaknesses placing critical operations and assets at risk and outlines actions needed...

  11. The Army National Guard: Part of the Operational Force and Strategic Reserve

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-26

    22 The RC: Expensive to Use, Cheap to Maintain...avoiding the war. The limited use of the RC in the Vietnam 6 Patrick M. Cronin, The Total Force Policy in Historical Perspective, No. CRM -87-78. Center...The RC: Expensive to Use, Cheap to Maintain RC

  12. Green Acquisition Gap Analysis of the United States Air Force Operational Contracting Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    GPP initiated in 2006 (Breedlove, Van Buren & Yonkers, 2011). The memo highlights the importance of building a sustainable Air Force using green...Conducting green procurement audits. Retrieved from http://e2s2.ndia.org/schedule/Documents/Abstracts/12254.pdf Breedlove, P., Van Buren , D

  13. Considerations for Integrating Women into Closed Occupations in the U.S. Special Operations Forces: Appendices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    34 Armed Forces & Society, Vol. 32, 2006, pp. 646-654. Marcellino, William M, "Talk Like A Marine: USMC Linguistic Acculturation And Civil– Military...14,000 Text Samples,” Discourse Processes, Vol. 45, 2008, pp. 211–236. Newman, Matthew L., James W. Pennebaker, Diane S. Berry , and Jane M

  14. Transfer of Assembly Operations to New Workpiece Poses by Adaptation to the Desired Force Profile

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nemec, Bojan; Abu-Dakka, Fares; Rytz, Jimmy Alison

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we propose a new algorithm that can be used for adaptation of robot trajectories in automated assembly tasks. Initial trajectories and forces are obtained by demonstration and iteratively adapted to the specific environment configuration. The algorithm adapts Cartesian space trajector...

  15. Considerations for Integrating Women into Closed Occupations in the U.S. Special Operations Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    Forces, 1992b, p. 45). The incoming Secretary of Defense Les Aspin arbitrated the competing views expressed by the commission (Rostker, 2006, p. 574...main concern was that the presence of women in the unit might lead to sexual infidelity . Over time, male soldiers appear to have become more

  16. Air Force Military Personnel Entitlement Pay in Support of Contingency Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-23

    50 to a maximum of $150 per month according to location, and is paid on a daily pro rata basis after being in a designated location for 30 days...resulting from forced separation from dependents. FSA is paid at a rate of $250 per month, and it is calculated on a daily pro rata basis. FSA

  17. From El Billar to Operations Fenix and Jaque: The Colombian Security Force Experience, 1998-2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    critiques” of the Army that indicated “examples of incom- petence and corruption at virtually every level of leadership . . . [that] go all the way down...operations, joint operations with the other military services and the CNP, and “ virtually unheard of” night operations. Third, it needed drastic...militar (Bogotá: Ensayos de Seguridad Y Democracia, November 2003), 43–69; Notes from discussions with senior Colombian Military officials. 19

  18. Occupational Health Screenings of U.S. Air Force Remotely Piloted Aircraft (Drone) Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    musculoskeletal injury/ pain (e.g., seeking chiropractic care, acupuncture , massage therapy for back, neck pain ) and occupational stress (e.g., seeking massage...air support and precision strike operations. They sustain around-the-clock operations to meet the growing demand from military leadership requesting...have thrust remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) into the center of U.S. military operations on the modern battlefield. Among the wide range of RPAs

  19. Selective use of visual information signaling objects' center of mass for anticipatory control of manipulative fingertip forces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salimi, Iran; Frazier, Wendy; Reilmann, Ralf; Gordon, Andrew M

    2003-05-01

    The present study examines whether visual information indicating the center of mass (CM) of an object can be used for the appropriate scaling of fingertip forces at each digit during precision grip. In separate experiments subjects lifted an object with various types of visual cues concerning the CM location several times and then rotated and lifted it again to determine whether the visual cues signaling the new location of the CM could be used to appropriately scale the fingertip forces. Specifically, subjects had either no visual cues, visual instructional cues (i.e., an indicator) or visual geometric cues where the longer axis of the object indicated the CM. When no visual cues were provided, subjects were unable to appropriately scale the load forces at each digit following rotation despite their knowledge of the new weight distribution. When visual cues regarding the CM location were provided, the nature of the visual cues determined their effectiveness in retrieval of internal representations underlying the anticipatory scaling of fingertip forces. Specifically, when subjects were provided with visual instructional information, they were unable to appropriately scale the forces. More appropriate scaling of the load forces occurred when the visual cues were ecologically meaningful, i.e., when the shape of the object indicated the CM location. We suggest that visual instructional cues do not have access to the implicit processes underlying dynamic force control, whereas visual geometric cues can be used for the retrieval of the internal representation related to CM for appropriate partitioning of the forces in each digit.

  20. Case Studies on UN Information Operations: Ethiopia, Liberia, and Kosovo

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    Peacekeeping (IODP). The goal of peacebuilding, in general, is a change in the community from conflict and hatred to peace and tranquility . IODP can make...for message dissemination and peace propaganda.86 A culture steeped in the oral tradition is another peculiar feature in Liberia where people of rural...areas share the media information with family, friends, and neighbors. Due to the lack of a comprehensive media, only through oral dissemination

  1. Creating Feedback Channels With Optical Communications For Information Operations (IO)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    address, it could potentially tie your IP address to your identity,” which then allows companies like Google to track your personal Internet usage ...estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington headquarters Services... Internet advertising campaigns incorporated into the continuous Observe, Orient, Decide, Act (OODA) loop decision-making process of IO practitioners

  2. The Use of Special Operations Forces in Support of American Strategic Security Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    efforts. Throughout the final decades of the 20th century, Colombia was a hotbed for drugs and violence punctuated by the operations of Pablo Emilio... Escobar , the drug lord in charge of the infamous Medellín Cartel. Following limited success in counter-narcotic operations during the early 1990s

  3. Tactical Integration of Conventional and Special Operations Forces in Training for a Complex World

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-26

    asserted as a key to maximizing resources to accomplish missions. International relations and complexity theorist Robert Jervis describes this...Soviet theorist Georgii Isserson described his observation of the emerging trends of operations in depth and the operational depth of battlefields in...evening 22 At 8:46 am EST, American Airlines Flight 11, traveling from Boston to Los Angeles

  4. Tabulations of Responses from the 2002 Status of the Armed Forces Survey - Workplace and Gender Relations: Volume 1, Demographics, Workplace Information, Readiness, Health and Well-being

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Greenlees, James

    2003-01-01

    The 2002 Status of the Armed Forces Survey - Workplace and Gender Relations gathered information on demographics, workplace information, mentoring, readiness, and health and well-being, gender related...

  5. The American Expeditionary Force Siberia: A Case Study of Operational Art with Ambiguous Strategic Objectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-22

    Siberia (AEF-S) with around 8,000 soldiers was the larger of the two American forces. They saw duty in the Eastern region of the Russian Empire primarily...Allies feared that Germany would capture the strategic northern Russia ports of Murmansk and Archangel along with vast stores of military supplies...in Siberia. The deplorable conditions in Siberia allowed guerilla bands on both sides to proliferate throughout the region . The Bolsheviks viewed the

  6. Afghan National Security Forces Facilities: Concerns with Funding, Oversight, and Sustainability for Operation and Maintenance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    Balkh ANP Camp Shaheen, Balkh ANA Camp Pamir, Kunduz ANA Gamberi Garrison, Nangarhar ANA Jalalabad Garrison, Nangarhar ANA Camp Thunder ...Erosion control; clean up of debris, drains, and ditches; and snow removal. Force protection maintenance Maintenance and repair of T-walls, security...Estimated Total O&M Costs for Facilities Visited (as of June 30, 2012) $8.0 million Gardez Garrison/Camp Thunder , Gardez, Paktya Province

  7. The Use of Special Operations Forces in Support of American Strategic Security Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    flashpoints may occur as overpopulation taxes the waning resources and conflict may arise. It highlights locations of resource-constrained population...as India and China . Using this type of a tool, SOCOM planners can target friendly security force development in locations where future threats to...regional security could arise. This is not to state that small teams of SOF could solve major political challenges with nations like China , but it

  8. The United States Air Force and Humanitarian Airlift Operations 1947-1994

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law , no person shall be subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of...AFHRA. 15. Military Airlift Command History, 1988, vol. I, pp. 231–34, AFHRA. 16. Charles A. Ravenstein , Air Force Combat Wings (Washington, D.C.: Office...Involved: 37th, 41st, and 48th Aerosp RR Sqs. Airlifted: Unknown numbers of flood victims, disaster workers, medical person- nel, and law enforcement

  9. A Special Force: Origin and Development of the Jedburgh Project in Support of Operation Overload

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-07

    success was in the formation, in Marrch 1943, of the Mouvements Unis de la Resistance ( MUR ). It was a coalition of all non- communist resistance...staff at Milton Hall initiated the final and most extensive Jedburgh field training exercises. 80 Etat-Major des Forces Francaises de l’Interieur, the...National Liberation Committee), French resistance organization. CND Confrerie de Notre-Dame, French resistance group. CNF Comite National Francais (French

  10. Luck Is Not a Strategy: Inefficient Coercion In Operation Allied Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    the European War,” in Emme, Impact of Air Power, 228–29. 12 5. Independent Strike Doctrine Today Based on decades of experience and technological...1,500 deaths and left hundreds of thousands homeless ; in response, NATO threatened an air campaign similar to the previous Deliberate Force if a...89 Matthew Kaminski and John Reed, “NATO Link to KLA Rebels May Have Helped Seal Victory,” Wall Street Journal , July 6, 1999, http://www.wsj.com

  11. Joint Forces Command - Operation United Assistance Case Study: Lessons and Best Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    lease agreement authority resident within the force. This saves valuable time and effort when both are at a premium. Note: Those who conduct joint...Affairs, and Tourism . This process was coordinated during the weekly coordination/synchronization meetings hosted by the U.S. Embassy and occasional...USARAF DCSENG in Italy. The ability to perform design modifications at the project site could have saved time and work for the engineers in Liberia

  12. Robust Operation of Tendon-Driven Robot Fingers Using Force and Position-Based Control Laws

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdallah, Muhammad E (Inventor); Platt, Jr., Robert J. (Inventor); Reiland, Matthew J (Inventor); Hargrave, Brian (Inventor); Diftler, Myron A (Inventor); Strawser, Philip A (Inventor); Ihrke, Chris A. (Inventor)

    2013-01-01

    A robotic system includes a tendon-driven finger and a control system. The system controls the finger via a force-based control law when a tension sensor is available, and via a position-based control law when a sensor is not available. Multiple tendons may each have a corresponding sensor. The system selectively injects a compliance value into the position-based control law when only some sensors are available. A control system includes a host machine and a non-transitory computer-readable medium having a control process, which is executed by the host machine to control the finger via the force- or position-based control law. A method for controlling the finger includes determining the availability of a tension sensor(s), and selectively controlling the finger, using the control system, via the force or position-based control law. The position control law allows the control system to resist disturbances while nominally maintaining the initial state of internal tendon tensions.

  13. Force Analysis and Energy Operation of Chaotic System of Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Guoyuan; Hu, Jianbing

    2017-12-01

    The disadvantage of a nondimensionalized model of a permanent-magnet synchronous Motor (PMSM) is identified. The original PMSM model is transformed into a Kolmogorov system to aid dynamic force analysis. The vector field of the PMSM is analogous to the force field including four types of torque — inertial, internal, dissipative, and generalized external. Using the feedback thought, the error torque between external torque and dissipative torque is identified. The pitchfork bifurcation of the PMSM is performed. Four forms of energy are identified for the system — kinetic, potential, dissipative, and supplied. The physical interpretations of the decomposition of force and energy exchange are given. Casimir energy is stored energy, and its rate of change is the error power between the dissipative energy and the energy supplied to the motor. Error torque and error power influence the different types of dynamic modes. The Hamiltonian energy and Casimir energy are compared to find the function of each in producing the dynamic modes. A supremum bound for the chaotic attractor is proposed using the error power and Lagrange multiplier.

  14. Secure Information Exchange Gateway for Electric Grid Operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robertson, F. Russell [Grid Protection Alliance, Chattanooga, TN (United States); Carroll, J. Ritchie [Grid Protection Alliance, Chattanooga, TN (United States); Sanders, William [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States); Yardley, Timothy [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States); Heine, Erich [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States); Hadley, Mark [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); McKinnon, David [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Motteler, Barbara [Alstom Grid Inc., Levallois-Perret Cedex (France); Giri, Jay [Grid Protection Alliance, Chattanooga, TN (United States); Walker, William [PJM Interconnection (PJM), Norristown, PA (United States); McCartha, Esrick [PJM Interconnection (PJM), Norristown, PA (United States)

    2014-09-30

    The major objectives of the SIEGate project were to improve the security posture and minimize the cyber-attack surface of electric utility control centers and to reduce the cost of maintaining control-room-to-control-room information exchange. Major project goals included the design, development, testing, and commercialization of a single security-hardened appliance that could meet industry needs for resisting cyber-attacks while protecting the confidentiality and integrity of a growing volume of real-time information needed to ensure the reliability of the bulk electric system and interoperating with existing data formats and networking technologies. The SIEGate project has achieved its goals and objectives. The SIEGate Design Document, issued in March 2012, presented SIEGate use cases, provided SIEGate requirements, established SIEGate design principles, and prescribed design functionality of SIEGate as well as the components that make up SIEGate. SIEGate Release Version 1.0 was posted in January 2014. Release Version 1.0.83, which was posted on March 28, 2014, fixed many issues discovered by early adopters and added several new features. Release Candidate 1.1, which added additional improvements and bug fixes, was posted in June 2014. SIEGate executables have been downloaded more than 300 times. SIEGate has been tested at PJM, Entergy, TVA, and Southern. Security testing and analysis of SIEGate has been conducted at PNNL and PJM. Alstom has provided a summary of recommended steps for commercialization of the SIEGate Appliance and identified two deployment models with immediate commercial application.

  15. Navigation and Alignment Aids Concept of Operations and Supplemental Design Information. Revision A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Sean M.; Cryan, Scott P.

    2016-01-01

    The IDSS Navigation and Alignment Aids Concept of Operations and Supplemental Design Information document provides supplemental information to the IDSS IDD. The guide provides insight into the navigation and alignment aids design, and how those aids can be utilized by incoming vehicles for proximity operations and docking. The navigation aids are paramount to successful docking.

  16. 76 FR 3175 - Proposed Extension of Existing Information Collection; Hoist Operators' Physical Fitness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-19

    ...' Physical Fitness AGENCY: Mine Safety and Health Administration, Labor. ACTION: Notice of request for public... collection of information in 30 CFR 56.19057 and 57.19057--Hoist Operators' Physical Fitness. MSHA does not... extension of the information collection for 30 CFR 56.19057 and 57.19057 on hoist operators' physical...

  17. Sensitivity analysis of an information fusion tool: OWA operator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarghaami, Mahdi; Ardakanian, Reza; Szidarovszky, Ferenc

    2007-04-01

    The successful design and application of the Ordered Weighted Averaging (OWA) method as a decision making tool depend on the efficient computation of its order weights. The most popular methods for determining the order weights are the Fuzzy Linguistic Quantifiers approach and the Minimal Variability method which give different behavior patterns for OWA. These methods will be compared by using Sensitivity Analysis on the outputs of OWA with respect to the optimism degree of the decision maker. The theoretical results are illustrated in a water resources management problem. The Fuzzy Linguistic Quantifiers approach gives more information about the behavior of the OWA outputs in comparison to the Minimal Variability method. However, in using the Minimal Variability method, the OWA has a linear behavior with respect to the optimism degree and therefore it has better computation efficiency.

  18. Apollo's Warriors: US Air Force Special Operations during the Cold War

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hass, Michael

    1997-01-01

    .... Attempting to capture the history of USAF special operations from the beginning of the cold war to the end of the Second Indochina War is an exercise in humility the historian's worst nightmare in some respects...

  19. Resourcing for Special Operations Forces (SOF): Should Responsibilities be Passed from USSOCOM Back to the Services?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lane, William R

    2006-01-01

    ...) was transferred from the service departments to U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) following the legislation mandating the creation of a unified combatant command for SOF and the establishment of USSOCOM...

  20. Agile Control of Military Operations Joint Force Air Component Commander (JFACC)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Logan, D

    2002-01-01

    ... readily adapted in the presence of contingencies. The primary benefit of this technology is agile and stable control of distributed and dynamic military operations conducted in inherently uncertain, hostile, and rapidly changing environments...

  1. What Is the Role of Survivability Operations in the Current Force?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Smallfield, Jason

    2003-01-01

    .... The problem, however, is that most of these changes do not adequately address the role that survivability operations should play across the full spectrum of conflict at the tactical level of warfare...

  2. Strategy for the Long Haul. Special Operations Forces: Future Challenges and Opportunities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martinage, Robert

    2008-01-01

    .... They have figured prominently in US military operations since 2001 and have become central to the implementation of US national defense strategy with respect to the war against violent Islamic radicalism...

  3. Protecting the Force - Occupational Medicine's Expanded Role in Future Theaters of Operation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stover, William

    1998-01-01

    .... Other aspects of health service support that are not so closely tied to the hospital like medical intelligence and preventive medicine must also be considered and included for in the operational planning process...

  4. An Analysis of Operational Art: Field Force Synchronization in Vietnam from 1965-1967

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-23

    the administration. A particularly strained relationship between Ambassador to Vietnam Henry Cabot Lodge and the first MACV commander, General... Cabot Lodge, the US Ambassador to South Vietnam, further confused a common understanding of the political, military and social operational variables

  5. Cross-Cultural Competency in the General Purpose Force: Training Strategies and Implications for Future Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-09

    Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences Research Report 1951, October 2011. 29 Zimbardo, Phillip. The Lucifer Effect : Understanding How...12. 13 Phillip Zimbardo, The Lucifer Effect : Understanding How Good People Turn Evil, (New York, NY: Random House, Inc., 2007), p. 353-355. Dr...beyond OIF/OEF will undermine these forces’ overall effectiveness in not only steady-state operations, but for Peace Operations ranging from

  6. 78 FR 64526 - Information Collection Activities: Sulphur Operations; Submitted for Office of Management and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-29

    ...: Sulphur Operations; Submitted for Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Review; Comment Request ACTION: 30... paperwork requirements in the regulations under Subpart P, Sulphur Operations. This notice also provides the..., Currently Under Review). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: 30 CFR 250, Subpart P, Sulphur Operations. OMB...

  7. 47 CFR 64.707 - Public dissemination of information by providers of operator services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public dissemination of information by providers of operator services. 64.707 Section 64.707 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION... Enhanced Services and Customer-Premises Equipment by Bell Operating Companies; Telephone Operator Services...

  8. Determination of Model Kinetics for Forced Unsteady State Operation of Catalytic CH4 Oxidation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Effendy Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The catalytic oxidation of methane for abating the emission vented from coal mine or natural gas transportation has been known as most reliable method. A reverse flow reactor operation has been widely used to oxidize this methane emission due to its capability for autothermal operation and heat production. The design of the reverse flow reactor requires a proper kinetic rate expression, which should be developed based on the operating condition. The kinetic rate obtained in the steady state condition cannot be applied for designing the reactor operated under unsteady state condition. Therefore, new approach to develop the dynamic kinetic rate expression becomes indispensable, particularly for periodic operation such as reverse flow reactor. This paper presents a novel method to develop the kinetic rate expression applied for unsteady state operation. The model reaction of the catalytic methane oxidation over Pt/-Al2O3 catalyst was used with kinetic parameter determined from laboratory experiments. The reactor used was a fixed bed, once-through operation, with a composition modulation in the feed gas. The switching time was set at 3 min by varying the feed concentration, feed flow rate, and reaction temperature. The concentrations of methane in the feed and product were measured and analysed using gas chromatography. The steady state condition for obtaining the kinetic rate expression was taken as a base case and as a way to judge its appropriateness to be applied for dynamic system. A Langmuir-Hinshelwood reaction rate model was developed. The time period during one cycle was divided into some segments, depending on the ratio of CH4/O2. The experimental result shows that there were kinetic regimes occur during one cycle: kinetic regime controlled by intrinsic surface reaction and kinetic regime controlled by external diffusion. The kinetic rate obtained in the steady state operation was not appropriate when applied for unsteady state operation

  9. Knockout Blow? The Army Air Force’s Operations Against Ploesti and Balikpapan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    OLDER A6M5 REISEN FIGHTERS. BY APRIL, THE GROUP DIRECTED TWO HIKOTAI (SQUADRONS) OF A6MS , EACH CONSISTING, AT FULL STRENGTH, OF THIRTY-SIX FRONT-LINE...Thunderbolt] – Jack; A6M Reisen [Zero] – Zeke; J1N1-S Gekko [Moonbeam] – Irving. The A6M5s of Ku 381 could also have 56 THE US STRATEGIC BOMBING...REINFORCED KU 381 WITH A6MS OF THE 28TH AIR FLOTILLA’S 331ST KOKUTAI BASED AT SINGAPORE.195 THE JAPANESE AIR FORCES, THEREFORE, WERE POSITIONED

  10. Symptoms of psychological distress and post-traumatic stress disorder in United States Air Force "drone" operators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappelle, Wayne L; McDonald, Kent D; Prince, Lillian; Goodman, Tanya; Ray-Sannerud, Bobbie N; Thompson, William

    2014-08-01

    The goal of this study is to repeat a survey administered in 2010 to assess for changes in mental health among United States Air Force aircrew operating Predator/Reaper remotely piloted aircraft, also commonly referred to as "drones." Participants were assessed for self-reported sources of occupational stress, levels of clinical distress using the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2, and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using the PTSD Checklist-Military Version. A total of 1,094 aircrew responded to the web-based survey composed of the commercially available standardized instruments mentioned above. The survey also contained nonstandardized items asking participants to report the main sources of their occupational stress, as well as questions addressing demographics and work-related characteristics. The estimated response rate to the survey was 49%. Study results reveal the most problematic self-reported stressors are operational: low manning, extra duties/administrative tasks, rotating shift work, and long hours. The results also reveal 10.72% of operators self-reported experiencing high levels of distress and 1.57% reported high levels of PTSD symptomology. The results are lower than findings from the 2010 survey and from soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Implications of the study and recommendations for United States Air Force line leadership and mental health providers are discussed. Reprint & Copyright © 2014 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  11. A new hoe share design for weed control – measurements of soil movement and draft forces during operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Znova, Liubava; Melander, Bo; Lisowski, Aleksander

    2018-01-01

    This research introduces a new share design (L-share) that reduces the undesired random soil movement, providing a more controlled disturbance of the upper soil layer. Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate draught forces and soil movements when operating the new share. Materials and Meth......This research introduces a new share design (L-share) that reduces the undesired random soil movement, providing a more controlled disturbance of the upper soil layer. Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate draught forces and soil movements when operating the new share. Materials...... and Methods: Experiments were conducted in a laboratory set-up using a soil bin with a fine loamy soil texture. The soil was compacted to a bulk density of 1500 kg m−3, with a penetration index of 486 kPa and a mean water content of 10%. The cultivation depths were 30, 50 and 70 mm and the operation speeds...

  12. AUDIT DISCLOSURE OF MATERIAL INFORMATION ON OPERATING SEGMENTS THE ACTIVITIES OF THE ORGANIZATIONS OF TOURIST SPHERE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Екатерина Николаевна Скорикова

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In modern conditions market economy for take decisions of use services tourist organizations, users not enough relevant information of financial result activities.The article considered audit disclosure relevant information on operating segments activities, for example tourist organizations.In result research considered operating segments on current and discontinued activities, and their impact on disclosure relevant information of financial result.Proposed option disclosure relevant information on operating segments activities in explanatory Note to the annual financial statements.Received results prove, that information on operating segments activities essential in all aspects.Results research has as theoretical so and practical significance, and can used at further development theoretical and practical questions on disclosure relevant information of activities organizations of tourist sphere.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-1-2

  13. Final Supplemental Environmental Assessment of Proposed Actions by the 58th Special Operations Wing, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    Recreation - Commercial Service - Public & Institutional - Drainage & Flood Control D Single Family N Noise Contour D Industrial & Manufacturing D...Generator Saw 81 Industrial Saw 83 Welder 74 Truck 80 Forklift 67 Crane 83 Source: COL 2001 Final Supplemental Environmental Assessment of...Naval Air Systems Command  Hotaling ,  Jim R  USAF AFSOC/A5RX  CV‐22 Logistics  Air Force Special Operations Command/Plans and  Programs  Vandzura

  14. Application the MABAC method in support of decision-making on the use of force in a defensive operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Božanić Darko I.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the application of a new method of multicriteria comparison of approximate border areas - MABAC. The basis of the method is reflected in defining a distance of criterion function of each observed alternative from the approximate border area. A border approximate area is defined by a separate procedure for each criteria and depends on the value of all alternatives according to the observed criteria. The method is shown through six simple steps made in order to support decision-making on the use of force in a defensive operation. Previous studies were used for the definition of criteria and their weight coefficients.

  15. Interdependence, Interoperability, and Integration: Joint Force Analysis at the Operational Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    Westpmt: Greenwood Press, 1993), 171-174. 4 Gordon N. Lederman , Reorganization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: The Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986...Historical Perspectives of the Operational Art, Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, United States Army, 2005 Lederman , Gordon N

  16. Building Combat Strength through Logistics: Translating the New Air Force Logistics Concept of Operations into Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-31

    allocate available resources consistent with near-term weapon system availability goals in the battlefield. When it goes blind , proactive modeling...8217superior authority’ in any given social situation operates like a judo expert--who uses his opponent’s energy, rather than his own, to achieve his ends

  17. Canadian Forces in Joint Fires Support - Human Factors Analysis: Coalition Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    Errors - misinterpretations  Exposure to phonetic pronunciations of STANAG terms and brevity words.  Support voice communications with text...brevity terms, English ) is not sufficient in itself to eliminate language issues which delay timelines, a common understanding of the intended meaning...confusion in coalition operations: (1) differences in the actual language spoken (for example, German vs. English ); (2) differences in the military

  18. [Design and Implementation of a Mobile Operating Room Information Management System Based on Electronic Medical Record].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Baozhen; Liu, Zhiguo; Wang, Xianwen

    2015-06-01

    A mobile operating room information management system with electronic medical record (EMR) is designed to improve work efficiency and to enhance the patient information sharing. In the operating room, this system acquires the information from various medical devices through the Client/Server (C/S) pattern, and automatically generates XML-based EMR. Outside the operating room, this system provides information access service by using the Browser/Server (B/S) pattern. Software test shows that this system can correctly collect medical information from equipment and clearly display the real-time waveform. By achieving surgery records with higher quality and sharing the information among mobile medical units, this system can effectively reduce doctors' workload and promote the information construction of the field hospital.

  19. 1995 Area 1 bird survey/Zone 1, Operable Unit 2, Robins Air Force Base, Georgia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wade, M.C.

    1995-08-01

    Robins Air Force Base is located in Warner Robins, Georgia, approximately 90 miles southeast of Atlanta, Georgia. As part of the Baseline Investigation (CDM Federal 1994) a two day bird survey was conducted by M. C. Wade (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) and B.A. Beatty (CDM Federal Programs) in May 1995. The subject area of investigation includes the sludge lagoon, Landfill No. 4, and the wetland area east of the landfill and west of Hannah Road (including two ponds). This is known as Area 1. The Area 1 wetlands include bottomland hardwood forest, stream, and pond habitats. The objectives of this survey were to document bird species using the Area I wetlands and to see if the change in hydrology (due to the installation of the Sewage Treatment Plant effluent diversion and stormwater runon control systems) has resulted in changes at Area 1 since the previous survey of May 1992 (CDM Federal 1994).

  20. 42 CFR 433.116 - FFP for operation of mechanized claims processing and information retrieval systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... and information retrieval systems. 433.116 Section 433.116 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE... FISCAL ADMINISTRATION Mechanized Claims Processing and Information Retrieval Systems § 433.116 FFP for operation of mechanized claims processing and information retrieval systems. (a) Subject to 42 CFR 433.113(c...

  1. Multi-fields' coordination information integrated platform for nuclear power plant operation preparation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yuan Chang; Li Yong; Ye Zhiqiang

    2011-01-01

    To realize the coordination in multi-fields' work and information sharing, by applying the method of Enterprise Architecture (EA), the business architecture, functional flow and application architecture of Nuclear Power Plant's operation preparation information integrated platform are designed, which can realize the information sharing and coordination of multi fields. (authors)

  2. Relationship of the Levitation Force Between Single and Multiple YBCO Bulks Above a Permanent Magnet Guideway Operating Dive-Lift Movement with Different Angles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, R.; Wang, S. Y.; Liao, X. L.; Deng, Z. G.; Wang, J. S.

    2013-04-01

    In practical applications, the acceleration and deceleration motions inevitably happen in the operation of high temperature superconducting (HTS) maglev trains. For further research of the maglev properties of YBaCuO bulk above a permanent magnet guideway (PMG), by moving a fixed vertical distance, this paper studies the relationship of the levitation force between single and multiple YBCO bulks above a PMG operating dive-lift movement with different angles. Experimental results show that the maximal levitation force increment of two bulks than one bulk is smaller than the maximal levitation force increment of three bulks than two bulks. With the degree decreasing, the maximal levitation force increment of three bulks is bigger than the maximal levitation force increment of two bulks and one bulk, and the hysteresis loop of the levitation force of the three-bulk arrangement is getting smaller.

  3. Magnetic forces and magnetized biomaterials provide dynamic flux information during bone regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Alessandro; Bianchi, Michele; Sartori, Maria; Parrilli, Annapaola; Panseri, Silvia; Ortolani, Alessandro; Sandri, Monica; Boi, Marco; Salter, Donald M; Maltarello, Maria Cristina; Giavaresi, Gianluca; Fini, Milena; Dediu, Valentin; Tampieri, Anna; Marcacci, Maurilio

    2016-03-01

    The fascinating prospect to direct tissue regeneration by magnetic activation has been recently explored. In this study we investigate the possibility to boost bone regeneration in an experimental defect in rabbit femoral condyle by combining static magnetic fields and magnetic biomaterials. NdFeB permanent magnets are implanted close to biomimetic collagen/hydroxyapatite resorbable scaffolds magnetized according to two different protocols . Permanent magnet only or non-magnetic scaffolds are used as controls. Bone tissue regeneration is evaluated at 12 weeks from surgery from a histological, histomorphometric and biomechanical point of view. The reorganization of the magnetized collagen fibers under the effect of the static magnetic field generated by the permanent magnet produces a highly-peculiar bone pattern, with highly-interconnected trabeculae orthogonally oriented with respect to the magnetic field lines. In contrast, only partial defect healing is achieved within the control groups. We ascribe the peculiar bone regeneration to the transfer of micro-environmental information, mediated by collagen fibrils magnetized by magnetic nanoparticles, under the effect of the static magnetic field. These results open new perspectives on the possibility to improve implant fixation and control the morphology and maturity of regenerated bone providing "in site" forces by synergically combining static magnetic fields and biomaterials.

  4. Establish the Delta Military Operations Areas Environmental Assessment Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    EO Executive Order ESA Endangered Species Act FAA Federal Aviation Administration FBO Fixed-Base Operator FL Flight Level FONSI Finding of No...impact regional socioeconomics, although some civil aviation pilots would be annoyed and even limited delays could affect FBOs . No significant...typical two-week exercise would have 3 hours between two daily usage periods. MFE annual schedules would be published and civil aviation would be provided

  5. Use of Special Operations Forces in United Nations Missions: a Method to Resolve Complexity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-21

    Sarajevo, the longest siege in modern history. The author emphasized not only the siege from a military standpoint, but also the unintended...Story of Modern War (New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1999), 9-14. 44 Linda Robinson, One Hundred Victories: Special Ops and the Future of American...The official code name of the operation was Gothic Serpent. Although the mission initially unfolded well, the Somalis shot down two US helicopters

  6. The Role of Army National Guard Special Forces Domestically And in Special Operations Command - North

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    secure data on the meteorological , hydrographic, or geographic characteristics of a particular area.”16 5. Counter Terrorism The operations are...Statute at Large 118 (2004) 1869. 19 strategic goal of preventing drug and precursor trafficking within the western hemisphere .38 The DASD CN & GT...www.northcom.mil/Newsroom/FactSheets/ArticleView/tabid/3999/Article/1891/usnorthcom- vision.aspx. 65 “SOUTHCOM Fact Sheet,” United States Southern Command

  7. Reassessment of Occupational Health Among U.S. Air Force Remotely Piloted Aircraft (Drone) Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-05

    PsychInfo” only yielded one peer-reviewed study on the topic: a 1994 investigation of OTC sleep aid use in college students , which indicated 11.4% of...make an unequivocal statement about RPA operators in this study being objectively “ sleep deprived .” However, self-reported sleepiness and...physiological measurements of sleep deprivation have been shown to be highly correlated [25,26]. One question from the survey tapped into self- reported

  8. An Analysis of Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in United States Air Force Drone Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-17

    Genzel, 2012; Eschenko & Sara , 2008) that are deemed critical to the perfor- mance of USAF MQ-1 Predator/MQ-9 Reaper drone operators (Chappelle et al...the gold standard of PTSD assessment (e.g., the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale, Blake et al., 1995) was not administered. Furthermore, aside from...American Psychiatric Association. Blake , D. D., Weathers, F. W., Nagy, L. M., Kaloupek, D. G., Gusman, F. D., & Charney, D. S. (1995). The development of a

  9. Staff Development, Deception Operations, and Force Projection: Lessons from the Normandy Invasion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-21

    Nazi Germany , it was not achieved without a considerable amount of planning. Popular history has ignored some of the key aspects of this operation...to the liberation of France and Europe from Nazi Germany , it was not achieved without a considerable amount of planning. Popular history has ignored...Winston Churchill A second conflict involving Germany in continental Europe was a concern for many military and political leaders during the

  10. Joint Operating Environment: The Joint Force in a Contested and Disordered World

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-14

    hinder the operations of other satellites, co-orbital jamming, and the use of ground- based lasers to dazzle or destroy imaging sensors. Future...military capabilities are likely to result from several important trends:  Deployment of >100 KW electrical lasers . Electrical laser systems will...multiple shot, weaponized lasers will easily achieve >100 KW, permitting stealthy engagements at longer ranges with less dwell time required to achieve

  11. Joint Operating Environment 2035: The Joint Force in a Contested and Disordered World

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-14

    hinder the operations of other satellites, co-orbital jamming, and the use of ground- based lasers to dazzle or destroy imaging sensors. Future...military capabilities are likely to result from several important trends:  Deployment of >100 KW electrical lasers . Electrical laser systems will...multiple shot, weaponized lasers will easily achieve >100 KW, permitting stealthy engagements at longer ranges with less dwell time required to achieve

  12. Quantifying the Driving Forces of Informal Urbanization in the Western Part of the Greater Cairo Metropolitan Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taher Osman

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the driving forces (DFs of informal urbanization (IU in the greater Cairo metropolitan region (GCMR using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP. The IU patterns in the GCMR have been extremely influenced by seven DFs: geographical characteristics, availability of life facilities, economic incentives, land demand and supply, population increase, administrative function, and development plans. This research found that these forces vary significantly in how they influence urban growth in the three study sectors, namely, the middle, north, and south areas in the western part of the GCMR. The forces with the highest influence were economic incentives in the middle sector, population increase in the north sector, and the administrative function in the south sector. Due to the lower availability of buildable land in the middle sector, the land demand and supply force had a lesser influence in this sector compared to in the north and south sectors. The development plans force had medium influence in all sectors. The geographical characteristics force had little influence in both the middle and the north sectors, but higher influence than economic incentives, availability of life facilities, and development plans in the south sector. Because of the spatial variances in life facilities organizations in the GCMR, the life facilities availability force had little effect on IU in the south sector.

  13. United States Air Force F-35A Operational Basing Environmental Impact Statement. Appendix E: Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Nicholas M Civ USAF HQ ACC/A7NS F35 Burlington, Vermont The New York Times editorial of 7/15/2e12 contai ned information on the F22 and F35 jets under...development by the Pentagon. It discussed ongoing problems, t he F22 mired in performance issues the F35 in cost overruns. This being the first I heard...bogus information, ei: propaganda). The F22 has been grounded since the discovery of cracks. Lockheed-Martin has been unable to identify the source

  14. REGULATORY SUPPORT AND THE FUNCTIONALITY OF THE SYSTEM INFORMATION MONITORING THE SAFETY OF OPERATIONS IN AVIATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. E. Glukhov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The analysis has been made of documents currently in force in the Russian Federation to regulate the state meosures to implement the USOAP CMA. The model of dtate information system is developed the safety of the procedures in aviation Suggestions are given on the set of functions carried by the system and on the functions performed by the system participants.

  15. Risk-Based Decision-Making and the Use of Operational Risk Management in Developing a Course of Action (COA) for the Joint Task Force (JTF)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Faherty, Denis

    2003-01-01

    .... Operational Risk Management (ORM) is the process that assists the military commander in reducing or offsetting risk and helps him think through his options when faced with force employment and the requirement for risk control for mission success...

  16. Leveraging Naval Riverine Forces to Achieve Information Superiority in Stability Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    counter asymmetric threats in the coalition riverine and maritime theatres . Master’s thesis, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. Hodge, N. (2009...August 10, 2010 from Montreal, Quebec: Zero Anthropology : http://zeroanthropology.net/2010/07/06/the-killing-fields-of-marja/ 94 Insitu. (2010

  17. Green Acquisition Gap Analysis of the United States Air Force Operational Contracting Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    a data warehouse that integrates the current DLA Automated Information System business and supply processes. Further, the ERLS provides the...the Pearl Harbor MK-48 Intermediate Maintenance Activity  Pallet Management System  PBL (4)  Privatization-NOSL/NAWCI  RFID (6)  Risk

  18. Fabrication of tungsten probe for hard tapping operation in atomic force microscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Guebum, E-mail: hanguebum@live.co.kr [Department of Physics and Optical Engineering, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, 5500 Wabash Avenue, Terre Haute, Indiana 47803 (United States); Department of Mechanical Design and Robot Engineering, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, 232 Gongneung-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 139-743 (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Hyo-Sok, E-mail: hsahn@seoultech.ac.kr [Manufacturing Systems and Design Engineering Programme, Seoul National University of Science & Technology, 232 Gongneung-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 139-743 (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-02-15

    We propose a method of producing a tungsten probe with high stiffness for atomic force microscopy (AFM) in order to acquire enhanced phase contrast images and efficiently perform lithography. A tungsten probe with a tip radius between 20 nm and 50 nm was fabricated using electrochemical etching optimized by applying pulse waves at different voltages. The spring constant of the tungsten probe was determined by finite element analysis (FEA), and its applicability as an AFM probe was evaluated by obtaining topography and phase contrast images of a Si wafer sample partly coated with Au. Enhanced hard tapping performance of the tungsten probe compared with a commercial Si probe was confirmed by conducting hard tapping tests at five different oscillation amplitudes on single layer graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD). To analyze the damaged graphene sample, the test areas were investigated using tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS). The test results demonstrate that the tungsten probe with high stiffness was capable of inducing sufficient elastic and plastic deformation to enable obtaining enhanced phase contrast images and performing lithography, respectively. - Highlights: • We propose a method of producing highly stiff tungsten probes for hard tapping AFM. • Spring constant of tungsten probe is determined by finite element method. • Enhanced hard tapping performance is confirmed. • Tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy is used to identify damage to graphene.

  19. Operational Stress and Correlates of Mental Health Among Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay Military Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb-Murphy, Jennifer A; De La Rosa, Gabriel M; Schmitz, Kimberly J; Vishnyak, Elizabeth J; Raducha, Stephanie C; Roesch, Scott C; Johnston, Scott L

    2015-12-01

    Military personnel deployed to Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay (JTF-GTMO) faced numerous occupational stressors. As part of a program evaluation, personnel working at JTF-GTMO completed several validated self-report measures. Personnel were at the beginning, middle, or end of their deployment phase. This study presents data regarding symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, depression, and resilience among 498 U.S. military personnel deployed to JTF-GTMO in 2009. We also investigated individual and organizational correlates of mental health among these personnel. Findings indicated that tenure at JTF-GTMO was positively related to adverse mental health outcomes. Regression models including these variables had R2 values ranging from .02 to .11. Occupation at JTF-GTMO also related to mental health such that guards reported poorer mental health than medical staff. Reluctance to seek out mental health care was also related to mental health outcomes. Those who reported being most reluctant to seek out care tended to report poorer mental health than those who were more willing to seek out care. Results suggested that the JTF-GTMO deployment was associated with significant psychological stress, and that both job-related and attitude-related variables were important to understanding mental health symptoms in this sample. Copyright © 2015 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies.

  20. New Tools for a New Terrain Air Force Support to Special Operations in the Cyber Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    anything from televisions , wristwatches, hand-held radios, vehicles, even rifles and munitions with digital signatures. RECOMMENDATIONS AFSOC has the... Handbook No. 1.02, 15 August 2005, II-4 - II-7. 32 U.S. Department of Defense, The DoD Cyber Strategy, April 2015. 33 U.S. Department of Defense...Cyber Operations and Cyber Terrorism. Handbook No. 1.02, 15 August 2005. U.S. Department of Defense. Cyber Command Fact Sheet. 21 May 2010. U.S

  1. 2017 INFORMS PRIZE. The Nomination of The United States Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-08

    controls all the Air Force fighter and intelligence aircraft and systems. The analysts assigned to Headquarters ACC/A9 provide analyses and lessons...Architecture Engineering, Multidisciplinary Engineering, Manufacturing Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence Economics Business Computer Science...In the past decade, Air Force remotely piloted aircraft (RPAs) have provided 24-hour intelligence -gathering and rapid-response strike capability

  2. An information offering system for operation support based on plant functional structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ohga, Yukiharu; Seki, Hiroshi

    1995-01-01

    A plant information offering system was proposed to support operators in their selection and confirmation of the required information for plant operation under transient conditions in nuclear power plants. The system features include an automatic selection method for information and a dialog input method. The former selects plant information in response to plant status changes and operators' demands. The selection is performed based on the knowledge and data as structured by the plant functional structure; i.e. a means-ends abstraction hierarchy model. In the latter, both speech and CRT touch inputs are transformed into words in Japanese to realize an arbitrary input mode combination. The words are analyzed as a sentence before transforming them into a demand for related programs. A prototype system was evaluated using a BWR simulator, assuming abnormal transients such as loss of feedwater. The contents of the offered information were checked based on emergency operation guidelines. It was confirmed that appropriate information items are automatically selected in real time. Answers are generated in reply to the operators' demands. They include information added to reflect the plant conditions. As for dialog, simple and quick input is realized by combining speech and CRT touch according to the operating situation. (author)

  3. Information sharing guidebook for transportation management centers, emergency operations centers, and fusion centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    This guidebook provides an overview of the mission and functions of transportation management centers, emergency operations centers, and fusion centers. The guidebook focuses on the types of information these centers produce and manage and how the sh...

  4. Information Operations: The Least Applied Element of U.S. National Power

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ferguson, Quill

    2004-01-01

    Information operations, one of the four elements of U.S. national power, is supreme in defending the country against foreign or domestic adversaries and winning hearts and minds both at home and internationally...

  5. The War of Ideas and the Role of Information Operations in Counterinsurgency

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hunton, Collin T

    2008-01-01

    .... Given the influence of policy at home and abroad within the asymmetric nature of COIN operations, a review of Clausewitz's theory of political conflict will help us understand the role of information...

  6. DOD FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT: More Reliable Information Key to Assuring Accountability and Managing Defense Operations More Efficiently

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    1999-01-01

    .... These problems not only hamper the department's ability to produce timely and accurate financial management information, but also significantly impair efforts to improve the economy and efficiency of its operations...

  7. Information sharing guidebook for transportation management centers, emergency operations centers, and fusion centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    This guidebook provides an overview of the mission and functions of transportation management centers, emergency operations centers, and fusion centers. The guidebook focuses on the types of information these centers produce and manage and how the sh...

  8. Information Operations Versus Civilian Marketing and Advertising: A Comparative Analysis to Improve IO Planning and Strategy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chilton, Dan

    2008-01-01

    .... must re-focus its efforts on Information Operations to achieve GWOT objectives. In an environment where rapidly advancing technology is drastically improving the individual's ability to conduct IO against the U.S...

  9. 77 FR 12244 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Report of Whaling Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    ... Whaling Operations AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION... current information collection. Native Americans may conduct certain aboriginal subsistence whaling in accordance with the provisions of the International Whaling Commission (IWC). In order to respond to...

  10. A remote control system to offer information for nuclear power plant operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ohga, Yukiharu; Yuchi, Hiroyuki; Arita, Setsuo

    1995-01-01

    A new man-machine system was proposed to simplify input operation so as to get needed plant information and to control information items and output devices for the operator crew, working in a control room. The system controls the shared information for the operator crew, on a large screen display, and private information for individual operators and maintenance personnel, on CRTs, based on the speech input and remote pointing input to the large screen display by a portable pointer, which emits laser beams. The system recognizes the indicating point of the pointer beam by processing the image on the large screen as obtained by an ITV camera. An infrared laser beam and a camera with a visible ray cut filter are used to remove distortion of the image caused by lens aberration, etc. and to provide rapid image processing. The operator performs the input operation while monitoring a cursor displayed by the system. The information items offered and their output devices are automatically determined according to the input operator. A prototype system was developed using three CRTs, one of which served as a substitute for the large screen display. Input to the system is performed using a speech input device and three kinds of pointers; each pointer is identified during image processing based on the number of laser beams emitted. The evaluation test confirmed that precise and smooth input by pointers as well as arbitrary combinations with speech input realized natural dialog without being aware of any waiting time. The appropriate information items were offered to output devices, CRTs and the speech output device, according to the pointers used, namely the input operators. The system can simplify input operation and effectively control the offered information items and output devices in a plant control room. (author)

  11. Improving machine operation management efficiency via improving the vehicle park structure and using the production operation information database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koptev, V. Yu

    2017-02-01

    The work represents the results of studying basic interconnected criteria of separate equipment units of the transport network machines fleet, depending on production and mining factors to improve the transport systems management. Justifying the selection of a control system necessitates employing new methodologies and models, augmented with stability and transport flow criteria, accounting for mining work development dynamics on mining sites. A necessary condition is the accounting of technical and operating parameters related to vehicle operation. Modern open pit mining dispatching systems must include such kinds of the information database. An algorithm forming a machine fleet is presented based on multi-variation task solution in connection with defining reasonable operating features of a machine working as a part of a complex. Proposals cited in the work may apply to mining machines (drilling equipment, excavators) and construction equipment (bulldozers, cranes, pile-drivers), city transport and other types of production activities using machine fleet.

  12. Organizational structure and operation of defense/aerospace information centers in the United States of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauter, H. E.; Lushina, L. N.

    1983-01-01

    U.S. Government aerospace and defense information centers are addressed. DTIC and NASA are described in terms of their history, operational authority, information services provided, user community, sources of information collected, efforts under way to improve services, and external agreements regarding the exchange of documents and/or data bases. Contents show how DTIC and NASA provide aerospace/defense information services in support of U.S. research and development efforts. In a general introduction, the importance of scientific and technical information and the need for information centers to acquire, handle, and disseminate it are stressed.

  13. Operation environment construction of geological information database for high level radioactive waste geological disposal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Peng; Gao Min; Huang Shutao; Wang Shuhong; Zhao Yongan

    2014-01-01

    To fulfill the requirements of data storage and management in HLW geological disposal, a targeted construction method for data operation environment was proposed in this paper. The geological information database operation environment constructed by this method has its unique features. And it also will be the important support for HLW geological disposal project and management. (authors)

  14. 76 FR 4993 - Agency Information Collection; Activity Under OMB Review; Report of Financial and Operating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-27

    ... in the community, reliability of service, financial stability and cost structure of the air carrier...] Agency Information Collection; Activity Under OMB Review; Report of Financial and Operating Statistics... continuing need for and usefulness of BTS collecting financial, traffic and operating statistics from small...

  15. Combining Operations Management and Information Systems Curricula: Assessing Alumni Preparations for the Workforce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, David; McFadden, Kathleen L.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explore how well a curriculum that combines operations management and information systems uniquely prepares students for the workforce. To address our research questions, a Web-based survey was developed. We sent our survey to 203 alumni that graduated from the Department of Operations Management and Information…

  16. 75 FR 29568 - Extension of Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review: Aircraft Operator Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... all passengers. The passenger watch list checks currently conducted by aircraft operators will soon be.... These programs require aircraft operators to maintain and update records to ensure compliance with... information collected to determine compliance with 49 CFR part 1544 and to ensure the freedom of movement for...

  17. 78 FR 44900 - Communication of Operational Information Between Natural Gas Pipelines and Electric Transmission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-25

    ... transmission operators and interstate natural gas pipelines. The Commission intends to remove any barriers to...-17-000] Communication of Operational Information Between Natural Gas Pipelines and Electric... the Commission's regulations to provide explicit authority to interstate natural gas pipelines and...

  18. Criteria for the Minimum Operation Length of Internal Forces as a Function of the Development of an Optimum Structure of Machinery Structural Components

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fligiel M.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study analyzes the operation length of internal forces (DDSW understood as the length of the flow of internal forces along the shortest possible internal routes. The operation length of internal forces is determined on the basis of stresses and the given volume in the constructional space. The minimum DDSW of the structure satisfies the criterial conditions of the most rigid structure, where the potential energy of deformation and the deformation energy potential is the same in the whole volume and thus the potential gradient is zero.

  19. A virtual-reality simulator and force sensation combined catheter operation training system and its preliminary evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yu; Guo, Shuxiang; Tamiya, Takashi; Hirata, Hideyuki; Ishihara, Hidenori; Yin, Xuanchun

    2017-09-01

    Endovascular surgery benefits patients because of its superior short convalescence and lack of damage to healthy tissue. However, such advantages require the operator to be equipped with dexterous skills for catheter manipulation without resulting in collateral damage. To achieve this goal, a training system is in high demand. A training system integrating a VR simulator and a haptic device has been developed within this context. The VR simulator is capable of providing visual cues which assist the novice for safe catheterization. In addition, the haptic device cooperates with VR simulator to apply sensations at the same time. The training system was tested by non-medical subjects over a five days training session. The performance was evaluated in terms of safety criteria and task completion time. The results demonstrate that operation safety is improved by 15.94% and task completion time is cut by 18.80 s maximum. Moreover, according to subjects' reflections, they are more confident in operation. The proposed training system constructs a comprehensive training environment that combines visualization and force sensation. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  20. PROGRAM EVALUATION INVOLVEMENT INDONESIAN NATIONAL ARMED FORCES (TNI ON MISSION UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS (UNPKO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gede Sumertha KY

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This research is constructed in order to study and to evaluate involvement TNI on mission United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (UNPKO in Lebanon program FY 2014-2015 due to achieve vision 4000 Peacekeepers. The CIPP model is using on apply the qualitative method for the research with consist of four evaluation components: (1 context; (2 input; (3 process; (4 product. The mechanism collecting data were collected through interviews, observations, questionnaires and documentation study. There are three levels of evaluation for judgment each aspect: low, moderate, and high. The summarized results and figured into case-order effect matrix was figure out of the categorization.The results of this research indicate that TNI involvement in mission UNPKO Lebanon, aspire to increase the number of peacekeepers up to 4.000 personnel in the category “high”, but still have some minor additional improvement especially on coordination among stakeholders. This is because the Results of Context Evaluation has a category of "high" with a scale of assessment "many" (75.3%; the Results of Input Evaluation has a category of "high" with a scale of assessment "moderate" (60.6%; the Results of Process Evaluation has a category of "high" with a scale of assessment "moderate" (65.3% and the Results of Product Evaluation has a category of "high" with a scale of assessment "moderate" (63.3% .

  1. Information Technology Management: Acquisition of the Armed Forces Health Longitudinal Technology Application

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2006-01-01

    .... The initial program provides support capabilities in the outpatient arena. Currently, the Armed Forces Health Longitudinal Technology Application program management office is planning for the development of capabilities for inpatient care...

  2. Environmental Assessment: Combat Information Transport System Upgrade Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-07-21

    centerline of Point Sal Road, Bear Creek Road, Coast Road, and Station Road, no deeper than 12 to 18 inches below surface, not to exceed the depth of the...AIRFA Air Force AOC AOI APCD APE ARPA bgs BMP BTEX CAA CAAQS Cal EPA Cal OSHA CAP CARB CCA CCR CDFG CEQ CERCLA CFR CITS CNDDB...California Coastal Zone Management Program was formed through the California Coastal Act ( CCA ) of 1972. The Air Force is responsible for making final

  3. The integrated business information system: using automation to monitor cost-effectiveness of park operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dick Stanley; Bruce Jackson

    1995-01-01

    The cost-effectiveness of park operations is often neglected because information is laborious to compile. The information, however, is critical if we are to derive maximum benefit from scarce resources. This paper describes an automated system for calculating cost-effectiveness ratios with minimum effort using data from existing data bases.

  4. 77 FR 42004 - Proposed Extension of Existing Information Collection; Main Fan Operation and Inspection in Gassy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... provided in the desired format, reporting burden (time and financial resources) is minimized, collection... Extension of Existing Information Collection; Main Fan Operation and Inspection in Gassy Underground Metal... agencies with an opportunity to comment on proposed and continuing collections of information in accordance...

  5. 39 CFR 3.6 - Information furnished to Board-financial and operating reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Information furnished to Board-financial and operating reports. 3.6 Section 3.6 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE BOARD OF GOVERNORS (ARTICLE III) § 3.6 Information furnished to Board—financial...

  6. Force Modeling and State Propagation for Navigation and Maneuver Planning for the Proximity Operations Nano-Satellite Flight Demonstration Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roscoe, C.; Griesbach, J.; Westphal, J.; Hawes, D.; Carrico, J.

    2013-09-01

    The state propagation accuracy resulting from different choices of gravitational force models and orbital perturbations is investigated for a pair of CubeSats flying in formation in low Earth orbit (LEO). Accurate on-board state propagation is necessary to autonomously plan maneuvers and perform proximity operations and docking safely. The ability to perform high-precision navigation is made especially challenging by the limited computer processing power available on-board the spacecraft. Propagation accuracy is investigated both in terms of the absolute (chief) state and the relative (deputy relative to chief) state. Different perturbing effects are quantified and related directly to important mission factors such as maneuver accuracy, fuel use (mission lifetime), and collision prediction/avoidance (mission safety). The Proximity Operations Nano-Satellite Flight Demonstration (PONSFD) program is to demonstrate rendezvous proximity operations (RPO), formation flying, and docking with a pair of 3U CubeSats. The program is sponsored by NASA Ames via the Office of the Chief Technologist (OCT) in support of its Small Spacecraft Technology Program (SSTP). The goal of the mission is to demonstrate complex RPO and docking operations with a pair of low-cost 3U CubeSat satellites using passive navigation sensors. The primary orbital perturbation affecting spacecraft in low Earth orbit (LEO) is the Earth oblateness, or J2, perturbation. Provided that a spacecraft does not have an extremely high area-to-mass ratio or is not flying at a very low altitude, the effect of J2 will usually be greater than that of atmospheric drag, which will typically be the next largest perturbing force in LEO. After these perturbations, factors such as higher-order Earth gravitational parameters, third-body perturbations, and solar radiation pressure will follow in magnitude but will have much less noticeable effects than J2 and drag. For spacecraft formations, where relative dynamics and not

  7. Technology and Policy Challenges in the Adoption and Operation of Health Information Exchange Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Hyerim; Yoo, Sooyoung; Heo, Eun-Young; Hwang, Hee; Kim, Jeong-Whun

    2017-10-01

    This study aimed to identify problems and issues that arise with the implementation of online health information exchange (HIE) systems in a medical environment and to identify solutions to facilitate the successful operation of future HIE systems in primary care clinics and hospitals. In this study, the issues that arose during the establishment and operation of an HIE system in a hospital were identified so that they could be addressed to enable the successful establishment and operation of a standard-based HIE system. After the issues were identified, they were reviewed and categorized by a group of experts that included medical information system experts, doctors, medical information standard experts, and HIE researchers. Then, solutions for the identified problems were derived based on the system development, operation, and improvement carried out during this work. Twenty-one issues were identified during the implementation and operation of an online HIE system. These issues were then divided into four categories: system architecture and standards, documents and data items, consent of HIE, and usability. We offer technical and policy recommendations for various stakeholders based on the experiences of operating and improving the online HIE system in the medical field. The issues and solutions identified in this study regarding the implementation and operate of an online HIE system can provide valuable insight for planners to enable them to successfully design and operate such systems at a national level in the future. In addition, policy support from governments is needed.

  8. A work process and information flow description of control room operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Davey, E.; Matthews, G.

    2007-01-01

    The control room workplace is the location from which all plant operations are supervised and controlled on a shift-to-shift basis. The activities comprising plant operations are structured into a number of work processes, and information is the common currency that is used to convey work requirements, communicate business and operating decisions, specify work practice, and describe the ongoing plant and work status. This paper describes the motivation for and early experience with developing a work process and information flow model of CANDU control room operations, and discusses some of the insights developed from model examination that suggest ways in which changes in control centre work specification, organization of resources, or asset layout could be undertaken to achieve operational improvements. (author)

  9. Information diffused by the operator on the nuclear risk: which answer to stakeholders expectations?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plot-Vicard, Emmanuelle

    2010-01-01

    This research thesis addresses the practices of environmental information diffusion, and aims at identifying the possible discrepancies between information diffused by a company and the expectations of stakeholders, more particularly in the case of the nuclear risk. The first part presents the theoretical framework (notably the legitimacy theory) and determines the expectations of stakeholders as far as information on the nuclear risk is concerned. The second part describes and discusses information on nuclear risk diffused by operators in their annual reports, proposes an assessment of this information, and relates this assessment with the previous theoretical framework

  10. U.S. Air Force Information Resources Management: An Exploratory Study of Policy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Munoz, Brian

    1998-01-01

    .... Information Resources Management (IRM) was established within the Department of Defense (DoD) in 1983 as a tool for better managing its information in the wake of automated information processing and sharing...

  11. Pairing Essential Climate Science with Sustainable Energy Information: the "EARTH-The Operators' Manual" experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akuginow, E.; Alley, R. B.; Haines-Stiles, G.

    2010-12-01

    Social science research on the effective communication of climate science suggests that today's audiences may be effectively engaged by presenting information about Earth's climate in the context of individual and community actions that can be taken to increase energy efficiency and to reduce carbon emissions. "EARTH-The Operators' Manual" (ETOM) is an informal science education and outreach project supported by NSF, comprising three related components: a 3-part broadcast television mini-series; on-site outreach at 5 major science centers and natural history museums strategically located across the USA; and a website with innovative social networking tools. A companion tradebook, written by series presenter and Penn State glaciologist Richard Alley, is to be published by W. W. Norton in spring 2011. Program 1, THE BURNING QUESTION, shows how throughout human history our need for energy has been met by burning wood, whale oil and fossil fuels, but notes that fossil fuels produce carbon dioxide which inevitably change the composition of Earth's atmosphere. The program uses little known stories (such as US Air Force atmospheric research immediately after WW2, looking at the effect of CO2 levels on heat-seeking missiles, and Abraham Lincoln's role in the founding of the National Academy of Sciences and the Academy's role in solving navigation problems during the Civil War) to offer fresh perspectives on essential but sometimes disputed aspects of climate science: that today's levels of CO2 are unprecedented in the last 400,000 and more years; that human burning of fossil fuel is the scientifically-proven source, and that multiple lines of evidence show Earth is warming. Program 2, TEN WAYS TO KEEP TEN BILLION SMILING, offers a list of appealing strategies (such as "Get Rich and Save the World": Texas & wind energy, and "Do More with Less": how glow worms make cool light without waste heat, suggesting a role for organic LEDs) to motivate positive responses to the

  12. The nuclear industry's transition to risk-informed regulation and operation in the United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kadak, Andrew C.; Matsuo, Toshihiro

    2007-01-01

    This paper summarizes a study of the transition of the United States nuclear industry from a prescriptive regulatory structure to a more risk informed approach to operations and regulations. The transition occurred over a 20 yr period in which gradual changes were made in the fundamental regulations and to the approach to nuclear safety and operations. While the number of actual regulatory changes were few, they are continuing. The utilities that embraced risk informed operations made dramatic changes in the way they approached operations and outage management. Those utilities that used risk in operations showed dramatic improvement in safety based on Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) performance indicators. It was also shown that the use of risk did not negatively affect safety performance of the plants compared to standard prescriptive approaches. This was despite having greater flexibility in compliance to regulatory standards and the use of the newly instituted risk-informed reactor oversight process. Key factors affecting the successful transition to a more risk-informed approach to regulations and operations are: strong top management support and leadership both at the regulator and the utility; education and training in risk principles and probabilistic risk Assessment tools for engineers, operators and maintenance staff; a slow and steady introduction of risk initiatives in areas that can show value to both the regulator and the industry; a transparent regulatory foundation built around a safety goal policy and the development of a strong safety culture at the utility to allow for more independence in safety compliance and risk management. The experience of the United States shows positive results in both safety and economics. The INPO and NRC metrics presented show that the use of risk information in operations and regulation is marginally better with no degradation in safety when plants that have embraced risk-informed approaches are compared

  13. Operational Risk Aggregation Based on Business Line Dependence: A Mutual Information Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenzhou Wang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The dependencies between different business lines of banks have serious effects on the accuracy of operational risk estimation. Furthermore, the dependencies are far more complicated than simple linear correlation. While Pearson correlation coefficient is constructed based on the hypothesis of a linear association, the mutual information that measures all the information of a random variable contained in another random variable is a powerful alternative. Based on mutual information, the generalized correlation coefficient which can capture both linear and nonlinear correlation can be derived. This paper models the correlation between business lines by mutual information and normal copula. The experiment on a real-world Chinese bank operational risk data set shows that using mutual information to model the dependencies between business lines is more reasonable than linear correlation.

  14. Chairman's report. Report on the IEA round table on information exchange and co-operation in R and D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Doucet, G.

    1997-01-01

    In contrast to the parallel Workshops, the Round Table was designed to stimulate simultaneous discussion among panelists and interaction with the audience. The task of the Round Table and Information Exchange and Co-operation in R and D was to answer six key questions: what are then more recent prospects or opportunities for natural gas utilisation which justify major commitments to information exchange and R and D? How have government social or economic goals affected funding for R and D in North America, Europe and Asia? Is the move to energy service and, in some key markets, deregulation forcing natural gas companies to reassess private commitments to R and D? How well do natural gas companies or centres of excellence around the world exchange information and promote technology transfer compared with coal and electricity interests? What is the future role of governments, universities, laboratories and international agencies like IEA to eliminate duplication and to foster funding partnerships? Are there useful models of information exchange using state-of-the-art electronic data which optimise linkages among key production and consumption markets? (R.P.)

  15. On the Value of Structural Health Monitoring Information for the Operation of Wind Parks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thöns, Sebastian; Faber, Michael H.; Val, Dimitri V.

    2017-01-01

    In the present paper, an approach for the quantification of the Value of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) Information building upon a framework for infrastructure system utility and decision analysis is developed and applied to the operation of wind parks. The quantification of the value of SHM...... wind turbine systems and its components is developed accounting for the wind park functionality, i.e. power production, its operation and its cascading damage and failure scenarios. This system model facilitates to quantify the expected benefits and risks throughout the service life accounting...... for the propagation of SHM information and uncertainties from components to the different system levels and vice versa. The decision to extend the service life and the operation of a wind park is investigated without SHM information and by quantifying the value of several SHM strategies....

  16. Information Operations Versus Civilian Marketing and Advertising: A Comparative Analysis to Improve IO Planning and Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    concepts, relevant to IO, which are known successful marketing practices. Successful marketing strategy includes the basic “ 4Ps of marketing ...OPERATIONS VERSUS CIVILIAN MARKETING AND ADVERTISING: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS TO IMPROVE IO PLANNING AND STRATEGY by Dan Chilton March 2008...REPORT DATE March 2008 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Information Operations Versus Civilian Marketing and

  17. The role of information technology (IT) in reducing offshore operating costs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stern, M.J.

    1993-01-01

    The rapid changes in information technology (IT) and its application have helped to improve efficiency and reduce operating costs offshore. Developments in IT itself, in terms of technology, organization and standards together with cultural change have created new opportunities. In the application of IT, the most significant impact on operations costs and effectiveness has come from the use of information throughout the life cycle, and improved telecommunications. This paper describes recent developments in IT and its application, and cites examples where oil companies have derived major benefits

  18. Modeling the Information Age Combat Model: An Agent-Based Simulation of Network Centric Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deller, Sean; Rabadi, Ghaith A.; Bell, Michael I.; Bowling, Shannon R.; Tolk, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    The Information Age Combat Model (IACM) was introduced by Cares in 2005 to contribute to the development of an understanding of the influence of connectivity on force effectiveness that can eventually lead to quantitative prediction and guidelines for design and employment. The structure of the IACM makes it clear that the Perron-Frobenius Eigenvalue is a quantifiable metric with which to measure the organization of a networked force. The results of recent experiments presented in Deller, et aI., (2009) indicate that the value of the Perron-Frobenius Eigenvalue is a significant measurement of the performance of an Information Age combat force. This was accomplished through the innovative use of an agent-based simulation to model the IACM and represents an initial contribution towards a new generation of combat models that are net-centric instead of using the current platform-centric approach. This paper describes the intent, challenges, design, and initial results of this agent-based simulation model.

  19. An Operational Analysis for Air Force 2025: An Application of Value-Focused Thinking to Future Air and Space Capabilities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jackson, Jack

    1996-01-01

    In the summer of 1995 the Air Force chief of staff tasked Air University to conduct a year-long study Air Force 2025 to "generate ideas and concepts on the capabilities the United States will require...

  20. Using Simulation and Optimization to Inform Army Force Structure Reduction Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    methodology included leveraging an existing simulation with some purpose-developed data processing to feed a simple optimization model. We intend for...improve our utilization of Marathon for force structure experimentation. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank Tom Spoon , Myles Miyamasu, and COL... School for his willingness to discuss even the most basic elements of optimization with us; and Kerry Schindler and James Chou in the Army

  1. Verifying the Reliability of Operating System-Level Information Flow Control Systems in Linux

    OpenAIRE

    Georget , Laurent; Jaume , Mathieu; Piolle , Guillaume; Tronel , Frédéric; Viet Triem Tong , Valérie

    2017-01-01

    International audience; Information Flow Control at Operating System (OS) level features interesting properties and have been an active topic of research for years. However, no implementation can work reliably if there does not exist a way to correctly and precisely track all information flows occurring in the system. The existing implementations for Linux are based on the Linux Security Modules (LSM) framework which implements hooks at speciic points in code where any security mechanism may ...

  2. Development of Information System for Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate undergoing Operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augsornwan, Darawan; Pattangtanang, Pantamanas; Surakunprapha, Palakorn

    2015-08-01

    Srinagarind Hospital has 150-200 patients with cleft lip and palate each year. When patients are admitted to hospital for surgery patients and family feel they are in a crisis of life, they feel fear anxiety and need to know about how to take care of wound, they worry if patient will feel pain, how to feed patients and many things about patients. Information is very important for patients/family to prevent complications and help their decision process, decrease parents stress and encourage better co-operation. To develop information system for patients with cleft lip-palate undergoing operation. This is an action research divided into 3 phases. Phase 1 Situation review: in this phase we interview, nursing care observation, and review nursing documents about the information giving. Phase 2 Develop information system: focus groups, for discussion about what nurses can do to develop the system to give information to patients/parents. Phase 3 evaluation: by interviewing 61 parents using the structure questionnaire. 100 percent of patients/parents received information but some items were not received. Patients/parents satisfaction was 94.9 percent, no complications. The information system development provides optimal care for patients and family with cleft lip and palate, but needs to improve some techniques or tools to give more information and evaluate further the nursing outcome after.

  3. Man machine interaction for operator information systems : a general purpose display package on PC/AT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chandra, A.K.; Dubey, B.P.; Deshpande, S.V.; Vaidya, U.W.; Khandekar, A.B.

    1991-01-01

    Several operator information systems for nuclear plants have been developed at Reactor Control Division of BARC and these have involved extensive operator interaction to extract the maximum information from the systems. Each of these systems used a different scheme for operator interaction. A composite package has now been developed on PC/AT with EGA/VGA for use with any system to obviate the necessity to develop new software for each project. This permits information to be displayed in various formats viz. trend and history curves, tabular data, bar graphs and core matrix (both for 235 and 500 MWe cores). It also allows data to be printed and plotted using multi colour plotter. This package thus integrates all the features of the earlier systems. It also integrates the operator interaction scheme. It uses window based pull down menus to select parameters to be fed into a particular display format. Within any display format the operator has significant flexibility to modify the selected parameters using context dependent soft keys. The package also allows data to be retrieved in machine readable form. This report describes the various user friendly functions implemented and also the design of the system software. (author). 1 tab., 10 fig., 3 refs

  4. Using accounting information systems by operations managers in a project company

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wouters, Marc; van der Veeken, Henk J.M.

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes the results of a case study that investigated the use of accounting information by operations managers in a road building company. There was considerable preplanning before the execution of project activities, but task uncertainty during execution created the need to take

  5. European Co-operation in Social Science Information and Documentation: A Process of Maturation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozsa, Gyorgy

    1981-01-01

    Describes an organization called the European Co-operation in Social Science Information and Documentation (ECSSID) and discusses its initiatives to establish Europe-wide cooperation in the exchange and collection of social science data. Specific aims of ECSSID are enumerated, including promotion of exchange of primary documents and building up of…

  6. Operational requirements for electronic chart display and information systems (ECDIS. Risk of overreliance on ECDIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam WEINTRIT

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Navigating with Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems(ECDIS is fundamentally different from navigating with paper charts. The paper is addressed to model course on training in the operational use of ECDIS. It presents problems related to the risk of over reliance on ECDIS.

  7. OMNIITOX - operational life-cycle impact assessment models and information tools for practitioners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Molander, S; Lidholm, Peter; Schowanek, Diederik

    2004-01-01

    This article is the preamble to a set of articles describing initial results from an on-going European Commission funded, 5th Framework project called OMNIITOX, Operational Models aNd Information tools for Industrial applications of eco/TOXicological impact assessments. The different parts of thi...

  8. 78 FR 70163 - Communication of Operational Information between Natural Gas Pipelines and Electric Transmission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-22

    ..., advantages and prejudices per se.\\18\\ Rather, FPA section 205(b) and NGA section 4(b) prohibit ``undue'' preferences, advantages and prejudices.\\19\\ A difference in treatment is not unduly discriminatory when the...--real or perceived--to the sharing of non-public, operational information, the Commission proposed to...

  9. 75 FR 71464 - Metlife Technology, Operations, and Information Technology Groups Including On-Site Leased...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-23

    ... Employment and Training Administration Metlife Technology, Operations, and Information Technology Groups Including On-Site Leased Workers From Adecco, Cognizant, IBM, Infosys, Kana, Patni, Siemens, Tapfin, Veritas... Workers From At&T Solutions, Chimes, Cognizant, Patni, Siemens, Xerox Clarks Summit, PA; Notice of Revised...

  10. The Relationship between Chief Information Officer Transformational Leadership and Computing Platform Operating Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, George W.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to relate the strength of Chief Information Officer (CIO) transformational leadership behaviors to 1 of 5 computing platform operating systems (OSs) that may be selected for a firm's Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) business system. Research shows executive leader behaviors may promote innovation through the use of…

  11. A Mapping Study on Cooperation between Information System Development and Operations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erich, Floris; Amrit, Chintan Amrit; Daneva, Maia; Jedlitschka, Andreas; Kuvaja, Pasi; Kuhrmann, Marco; Männistö, Tomi; Münch, Jürgen; Raatikainen, Mikko

    2014-01-01

    DevOps is a conceptual framework for reintegrating development and operations of Information Systems.We performed a Systematic Mapping Study to explore DevOps. 26 articles out of 139 were selected, studied and summarized. Based on this a concept table was constructed. We discovered that DevOps has

  12. A 10-Year Cross-Sectional Analysis of Air Force Flight and Operational Medicine Clinic Health Care Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tvaryanas, Anthony P; Maupin, Genny M; Fouts, Brittany L

    2016-05-01

    This study described the patient population and the health care services delivered in the Air Force Flight and Operational Medicine Clinics (FOMCs) over the past 10 years. A cross-sectional analysis was performed on the retrospective cohort of patients who received care at a FOMC from 2003 to 2012. A total of 714,157 individuals, generating 4,829,626 encounters, were included in the cohort. They were predominately male service members under the age of 41. One-fifth of individuals were retirees and family members, with one-third being in the pediatric age range. The cohort accessed health care services for three primary reasons: health examinations (28%), occupational dispositions (18%), and primary care (54%). When primary care was sought, the predominate health conditions were upper respiratory infections, back problems, and nontraumatic joint disorders. When services and procedures were a component of the care, they were predominately associated with health examinations involving ophthalmologic, auditory, and cardiac screening tests. Individuals accessing the FOMCs had relatively low need for access to health care services, requiring a median of two annual encounters. This study provided insight into the health care delivered in FOMCs and establishes a foundation for future planning and management of FOMC health care delivery. Reprint & Copyright © 2016 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  13. A Cost Analysis of the U.S. Air Force Overseas Posture: Informing Strategic Choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Art, “Selective Engagement in an Era of Austerity,” in Richard Fontaine and Kriston Lord, eds., America’s Path: Grand Strategy for the Next...Patrick Mills, David T. Orletsky, and David E. Thaler , Working with Allies and Partners: A Cost-Based Analysis for the U.S. Air Forces in Europe...Association, “DoD Impact aid Funding for Military Children,” no date; and Richard J. Buddin, Brian P. Gill, and Ron W. Zimmer, Impact Aid and the

  14. Psychological Operations Changes that the Peruvian Army Should Implement During Counterinsurgency Operations Against the Informational Campaigns of Sendero Luminoso Political Branch Since 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS CHANGES THAT THE PERUVIAN ARMY SHOULD IMPLEMENT DURING COUNTERINSURGENCY OPERATIONS AGAINST THE INFORMATIONAL...AUG 2016 – JUN 2017 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Psychological Operations changes that the Peruvian Army should Implement during Counterinsurgency...branch of SL continues performing ideological and indoctrination activities in cities and towns. The research question is: what are the Psychological

  15. Strategic transparency and informed trading : will capital market integration force convergence of corporate governance?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Perotti, E.C.; von Thadden, E.-L.

    2002-01-01

    Dominant investors can influence the publicly available information about firms by affecting the cost of information collection. Under strategic competition, transparency results in higher variability of profits and output. Thus lenders prefer less transparency, since this protects firms when in a

  16. [Design of an anesthesia and micro-environment information management system in mobile operating room].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xianwen; Liu, Zhiguo; Zhang, Wenchang; Wu, Qingfu; Tan, Shulin

    2013-08-01

    We have designed a mobile operating room information management system. The system is composed of a client and a server. A client, consisting of a PC, medical equipments, PLC and sensors, provides the acquisition and processing of anesthesia and micro-environment data. A server is a powerful computer that stores the data of the system. The client gathers the medical device data by using the C/S mode, and analyzes the obtained HL7 messages through the class library call. The client collects the micro-environment information with PLC, and finishes the data reading with the OPC technology. Experiment results showed that the designed system could manage the patient anesthesia and micro-environment information well, and improve the efficiency of the doctors' works and the digital level of the mobile operating room.

  17. Antiviral Information Management System (AIMS): a prototype for operational innovation in drug development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jadhav, Pravin R; Neal, Lauren; Florian, Jeff; Chen, Ying; Naeger, Lisa; Robertson, Sarah; Soon, Guoxing; Birnkrant, Debra

    2010-09-01

    This article presents a prototype for an operational innovation in knowledge management (KM). These operational innovations are geared toward managing knowledge efficiently and accessing all available information by embracing advances in bioinformatics and allied fields. The specific components of the proposed KM system are (1) a database to archive hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment data in a structured format and retrieve information in a query-capable manner and (2) an automated analysis tool to inform trial design elements for HCV drug development. The proposed framework is intended to benefit drug development by increasing efficiency of dose selection and improving the consistency of advice from US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It is also hoped that the framework will encourage collaboration among FDA, industry, and academic scientists to guide the HCV drug development process using model-based quantitative analysis techniques.

  18. Evaluating QoS-enabled information management services in a Navy operational context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulos, Aaron M.; Sinclair, Asher; Loyall, Joseph P.

    2011-06-01

    Information Management (IM) services support the discovery, brokering, and dissemination of mission-critical information based on the information's content and characteristics. IM services support the dissemination of future information (through subscriptions) and past information (through queries) regardless of its source. To be useful across enterprise and tactical environments, IM services need mission-driven Quality of Service (QoS) features as part of their core functionality. We have developed QoS management features, QoS Enabled Dissemination (QED), that extend an Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) developed set of IM services, Phoenix. This paper describes the results of a joint services experiment evaluating QED and Phoenix in a US Navy scenario involving multiple ships connected by a Disconnected, Intermittent, Limited (DIL) satellite network. Experiments evaluate QED and Phoenix's ability to (1) provide IM in the Wide Area Network (WAN) context of the satellite communications, which includes long latencies and background traffic not under QED control; (2) control and utilize active-precedence and queue management features provided by the WAN; (3) handle severe network overload, network disruptions, and dynamic changes in policies; and (4) successfully enforce deadlines and information replacement policies.

  19. A comprehensive operating room information system using the Kinect sensors and RFID.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nouei, Mahyar Taghizadeh; Kamyad, Ali Vahidian; Soroush, Ahmad Reza; Ghazalbash, Somayeh

    2015-04-01

    Occasionally, surgeons do need various types of information to be available rapidly, efficiently and safely during surgical procedures. Meanwhile, they need to free up hands throughout the surgery to necessarily access the mouse to control any application in the sterility mode. In addition, they are required to record audio as well as video files, and enter and save some data. This is an attempt to develop a comprehensive operating room information system called "Medinav" to tackle all mentioned issues. An integrated and comprehensive operating room information system is introduced to be compatible with Health Level 7 (HL7) and digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM). DICOM is a standard for handling, storing, printing, and transmitting information in medical imaging. Besides, a natural user interface (NUI) is designed specifically for operating rooms where touch-less interactions with finger and hand tracking are in use. Further, the system could both record procedural data automatically, and view acquired information from multiple perspectives graphically. A prototype system is tested in a live operating room environment at an Iranian teaching hospital. There are also contextual interviews and usability satisfaction questionnaires conducted with the "MediNav" system to investigate how useful the proposed system could be. The results reveal that integration of these systems into a complete solution is the key to not only stream up data and workflow but maximize surgical team usefulness as well. It is now possible to comprehensively collect and visualize medical information, and access a management tool with a touch-less NUI in a rather quick, practical, and harmless manner.

  20. Improving Water Resources System Operation by Direct Use of Hydroclimatic Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castelletti, A.; Pianosi, F.

    2011-12-01

    It is generally agreed that more information translates into better decisions. For instance, the availability of inflow predictions can improve reservoir operation; soil moisture data can be exploited to increase irrigation efficiency; etc. However, beyond this general statement, many theoretical and practical questions remain open. Provided that not all information sources are equally relevant, how does their value depend on the physical features of the water system and on the purposes of the system operation? What is the minimum lead time needed for anticipatory management to be effective? How does uncertainty in the information propagates through the modelling chain from hydroclimatic data through descriptive and decision models, and finally affect the decision? Is the data-predictions-decision paradigm truly effective or would it be better to directly use hydroclimatic data to take optimal decisions, skipping the intermediate step of hydrological forecasting? In this work we investigate these issues by application to the management of a complex water system in Northern Vietnam, characterized by multiple, conflicting objectives including hydropower production, flood control and water supply. First, we quantify the value of hydroclimatic information as the improvement in the system performances that could be attained under the (ideal) assumption of perfect knowledge of all future meteorological and hydrological input. Then, we assess and compare the relevance of different candidate information (meteorological or hydrological observations; ground or remote data; etc.) for the purpose of system operation by novel Input Variable Selection techniques. Finally, we evaluate the performance improvement made possible by the use of such information in re-designing the system operation.

  1. Traumatic events, other operational stressors and physical and mental health reported by Australian Defence Force personnel following peacekeeping and war-like deployments

    OpenAIRE

    Waller, Michael; Treloar, Susan A; Sim, Malcolm R; McFarlane, Alexander C; McGuire, Annabel C L; Bleier, Jonathan; Dobson, Annette J

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The association between stressful events on warlike deployments and subsequent mental health problems has been established. Less is known about the effects of stressful events on peacekeeping deployments. Methods Two cross sectional studies of the Australian Defence Force were used to contrast the prevalence of exposures reported by a group deployed on a peacekeeping operation (Bougainville, n = 1704) and those reported by a group deployed on operations which included warl...

  2. An Examination of Information Technology Valuation Models for the Air Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Peachey, Todd

    1998-01-01

    .... This thesis is designed to examine models that are currently being used in the public and private sector of the economy to evaluate Information Technology investments to learn which ones might serve...

  3. Comparative Functional Analysis of Air Force and Commercially Available Transportation Information Management Systems

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Holland, Patrick

    2004-01-01

    ...). Although GATES and CMOS have evolved from legacy systems created during the 1980s, both systems are used to process cargo and passengers while providing the information needed to maintain in-transit visibility (ITV...

  4. Information Assurance as a System of Systems in the Submarine Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Information Technology ambitions was called “Information Technology for the 21st Century” ( Vena 1998). Vena focused on competencies of Navy Enlisted...embarking . The report well identified training requirements and core competencies for enlisted IT specialists. Vena stated, “Will IT training and...their problems by overemphasizing technology?” ( Vena 1998, 2). In other words, the Navy needed to change how it trained those personnel who took care

  5. Lessons In Operational Art: An Analysis of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in North Russia, 1918-1919

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-30

    two distinct lessons with regard to unity of command in a multinational force. First, a nation’s forces should remain as a homogenous unit under...command of their own officers to the maximum possible extent. Second, in order to remain homogenous , nations committing forces to a multinational...the British command structure but also about British taste in food and military equipment. Due to the conditions and multinational structure

  6. Air Force Family Nurse Practitioner and Air Force Family Physician Perception of the Family Nurse Practitioner Role in Military Operations Other Than War

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Houlihan, Sandra

    2000-01-01

    .... The inevitable result is that the Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) will take on a more active role in the deployed setting, especially in missions involving civilians with primary care needs as seen in Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW...

  7. Improving CANDU plant operation and maintenance through retrofit information technology systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lupton, L.R.; Judd, R.A.; MacBeth, M.J.

    1998-01-01

    CANDU plant owners are facing an increasingly competitive environment for the generation of electricity. To meet this challenge, all owners have identified that information technology offers opportunities for significant improvements in CANDU operation, maintenance and administration (OM and A) costs. Targeted information technology application areas include instrumentation and control, engineering, construction, operations and plant information management. These opportunities also pose challenges and issues that must be addressed if the full benefits of the advances in information technology are to be achieved. Key among these are system hardware and software maintenance, and obsolescence protection; AECL has been supporting CANDU stations with the initial development and evaluation of systems to improve plant performance and cost. Key initiatives that have been implemented or are in the process of being implemented in some CANDU plants to achieve operational benefits include: critical safety parameter monitor system; advanced computerized annunciation system; plant historical data system; and plant display system. Each system will be described in terms of its role in enhancing current CANDU plant performance and how they will contribute to future CANDU plant performance

  8. Use of Modern Information Technologies to Improve Energy Efficiency of Thermal Power Plant Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arakelyan, E. K.; Andryushin, A. V.; Sabanin, V. R.; Mezin, S. V.; Pashchenko, F. F.

    2017-11-01

    The report shows the need for the development and implementation of new approaches to operational management of the modes and the efficiency of the equipment of thermal power plants on the basis of modern information technologies to significantly improve the economy of operation of thermal power plants by complex solution of the tasks of block and station levels. The proposed approach is the adjustment of measured parameters, ensuring the accuracy of all the main parameters required for material, heat and energy balances for each unit and the station in general.

  9. Risk informed evaluation of allowed outage times considering several modes of plant operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cepin, M.; Martorell, S.; Villanueva, J. F.; Carlos, S.; Sanchez, A.I.

    2001-01-01

    The methods for assessment of risk have been increasingly used in a decision-making. The objective of this paper is to extend the method for risk informed evaluation of allowed outage times (AOTs), which considers the plant power operation. Such extension allows consideration of several modes of plant operation or plant configurations. Two methods were developed. Results show that better methods and more data included into the models may reduce the conservatism in the evaluations and may contribute to increased flexibility about decisions on AOT.(author)

  10. A complexity science-based framework for global joint operations analysis to support force projection: LDRD Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lawton, Craig R. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). System Sustainment & Readiness Technologies Dept.

    2015-01-01

    The military is undergoing a significant transformation as it modernizes for the information age and adapts to address an emerging asymmetric threat beyond traditional cold war era adversaries. Techniques such as traditional large-scale, joint services war gaming analysis are no longer adequate to support program evaluation activities and mission planning analysis at the enterprise level because the operating environment is evolving too quickly. New analytical capabilities are necessary to address modernization of the Department of Defense (DoD) enterprise. This presents significant opportunity to Sandia in supporting the nation at this transformational enterprise scale. Although Sandia has significant experience with engineering system of systems (SoS) and Complex Adaptive System of Systems (CASoS), significant fundamental research is required to develop modeling, simulation and analysis capabilities at the enterprise scale. This report documents an enterprise modeling framework which will enable senior level decision makers to better understand their enterprise and required future investments.

  11. Task Force Butler: A Case Study in the Employment of an Ad Hoc Unit in Combat Operations, During Operation Dragoon, 1-30 August 1944

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Volpe, Michael J

    2007-01-01

    .... This provisional armored group (Task Force (TF) Butler) experienced remarkable success despite a dearth of planning, no rehearsals, and no history of working together in either training or combat...

  12. The Impact of New Electronic Imaging Systems on U.S. Air Force Visual Information Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-01

    Tekcvvxunikatn Tcmo= Max 85287-1305 (602) %55011 FROM: Maj Lee E. Thomas 20 Jan 1993 2336 W. Nopal Ave. Mesa, AZ 85202 (602) 820-5213 SUBJECT: Request for...Visual Information (VI) Personnel Requestor Information: Major Lee E. Thomas 2336 W. Nopal Ave. Mesa, AZ 85202 Ph: (602) 820-5213 Statement of Survey...1993 2336 W. Nopal Ave. Mesa, AZ 85202 (602) 820-5213 SUBJECT: Request for Assistance and Survey Sponsorship TO: HQ USAF/SCMV Lt Col Cultice 1. My

  13. Knowledge Portal Support to the Naval Postgraduate School's Advanced Distributed Learning Program for the Information Systems and Operations Curriculum

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Walker, Allisa

    2000-01-01

    .... The goal of this research is to show how developing a knowledge portal for use with the Information Systems and Operations curriculum knowledge base could expand the use of tacit and explicit knowledge by the operators...

  14. 75 FR 12493 - Task Force on Childhood Obesity: Request for Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-16

    .... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Nearly one-third of children in America are overweight or obese--a rate that has... geographic groups, including children who are at highest risk of obesity and children with disabilities? 6... recommendations or guidelines would help parents reduce the risk that their child will become overweight or obese...

  15. On providing the fault-tolerant operation of information systems based on open content management systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kratov, Sergey

    2018-01-01

    Modern information systems designed to service a wide range of users, regardless of their subject area, are increasingly based on Web technologies and are available to users via Internet. The article discusses the issues of providing the fault-tolerant operation of such information systems, based on free and open source content management systems. The toolkit available to administrators of similar systems is shown; the scenarios for using these tools are described. Options for organizing backups and restoring the operability of systems after failures are suggested. Application of the proposed methods and approaches allows providing continuous monitoring of the state of systems, timely response to the emergence of possible problems and their prompt solution.

  16. On the Value of Structural Health Monitoring Information for the Operation of Wind Parks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thöns, Sebastian; Faber, Michael H.; Val, Dimitri V.

    2017-01-01

    facilitates a benefit and risk informed assessment and optimization of SHM strategies and encompasses models for the infrastructure functionality, the structural constituent and system risks and its management as well as the performance of SHM strategies. A wind park system model incorporating the structural......In the present paper, an approach for the quantification of the Value of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) Information building upon a framework for infrastructure system utility and decision analysis is developed and applied to the operation of wind parks. The quantification of the value of SHM...... wind turbine systems and its components is developed accounting for the wind park functionality, i.e. power production, its operation and its cascading damage and failure scenarios. This system model facilitates to quantify the expected benefits and risks throughout the service life accounting...

  17. Simplified reactive power management strategy for complex power grids under stochastic operation and incomplete information

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vlachogiannis, Ioannis (John)

    2009-01-01

    grids is a major issue for system operators. Under these circumstances an online reactive power management strategy with minimum risk concerning all uncertain and stochastic parameters is proposed. Therefore, new concepts such as reactive power-weighted node-to-node linking and reactive power control......In the current released energy market, the large-scale complex transmission networks and the distribution ones with dispersed energy sources and "intelligent" components operate under uncertainties, stochastic and prior incomplete information. A safe and reliable operation of such complex power...... capability are introduced. A distributed and interconnected stochastic learning automata system is implemented to manage, in a unified and unique way, the reactive power in complex power grids with stochastic reactive power demand and detect the vulnerable part. The proposed simplified strategy can also...

  18. System and operations concept for the Geostationary Earth Observatory data and information system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weinstein, F.C.; Messing, F.; Armstead, A.

    1992-03-01

    The Geostationary Earth Observatory (GEO) Data and Information System (GEODIS) is a critical element in achieving GEO program goals. GEODIS must collect, process, and disseminate scientific data to meet the challenges of NASA's Mission to Planet Earth. The system and operations concept for GEODIS described here summarizes its principal functional elements and external interfaces. GEODIS operations include mission support (of the GEO platform and instruments), data production (of multiple levels of products derived from GEO sensor data), user support (in accessing this data both from archives and directly via satellite rebroadcast links), and institutional support (for communications, management, development, and testing). This concept is part of a baseline generated for Marshall Space Flight Center to define the preliminary architecture of GEODIS. After validation by scientists, managers, operators, and developers, these concepts may be used to guide future work in defining detailed requirements and designs for GEODIS. 6 refs

  19. Natural Resource Information System. Volume 2: System operating procedures and instructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-01-01

    A total computer software system description is provided for the prototype Natural Resource Information System designed to store, process, and display data of maximum usefulness to land management decision making. Program modules are described, as are the computer file design, file updating methods, digitizing process, and paper tape conversion to magnetic tape. Operating instructions for the system, data output, printed output, and graphic output are also discussed.

  20. Value Informed Conception, Design, Implementation and Operation of Education and Teaching Activities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Michael Havbro Faber; Nielsen, Linda

    2017-01-01

    In the present paper we take basis in the basic postulate that the objective of education and teaching is value creation. With this setout we take up two implications, namely: i) decision analysis is the logical choice of management framework for conceiving, designing, implementing and operating...... (CDIO) education and teaching activities and ii) a thorough, transparent and continuously informed discourse is necessary among all stakeholders to education on what this “value” actually is....

  1. Reducing the operational energy demand in buildings using building information modeling tools and sustainability approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Shoubi, Mojtaba Valinejad; Shoubi, Masoud Valinejad; Bagchi, Ashutosh; Barough, Azin Shakiba

    2015-01-01

    A sustainable building is constructed of materials that could decrease environmental impacts, such as energy usage, during the lifecycle of the building. Building Information Modeling (BIM) has been identified as an effective tool for building performance analysis virtually in the design stage. The main aims of this study were to assess various combinations of materials using BIM and identify alternative, sustainable solutions to reduce operational energy consumption. The amount of energy con...

  2. Use of Information Communication Technology (ICT) and Library Operation: An Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Bhoi, Narendra Kumar

    2017-01-01

    This paper discusses the different dimension of the ICTs. It gives an awareness of technology in library and why there is a need to understand the use of ICT in the library for rendering enhanced library services and information to users. The current study highlights the areas where ICT can be applied. Basically, the paper explains different technologies and their use in the library operation. How library services are prompted with the use of technology like RemoteXs, RFID Technology, QR Code...

  3. The Effects of Hurricane Katrina on the Defense Information Systems Agency Continuity of Operations and Test Facility

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jolliffe, Richard B; Burton, Bruce A; Wicecarver, Jacqueline L; Kince-Carnpbell, Therese M; Lesly, Kelly B; Ryan, Susan P; Pinnock, Richard A; Bachle, Susan H; Calderon, Pedro J; Voshell, Adrianne R; Johnson, Meredith H

    2006-01-01

    .... The Defense Information Systems Agency Continuity of Operations and Test Facility (DCTF), located in Slidell, Louisiana, experienced communications disruptions as a result of Hurricane Katrina...

  4. A Theoretical Framework for Turnover Intention of Air Force Enlisted Information Systems Personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-03-25

    Burnout Measure,” Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 71: 331-351 (1998). 33. Festinger , Leon . “Informal Social Communication...group” (p. 482; italics in original). Bollen and Hoyle choose to view perceived cohesion from a Festinger -like viewpoint (1950:274) as an...Bollen and Hoyle choose to view perceived cohesion from a Festinger -like viewpoint (1950:274) as an independent construct, i.e., as the resultant of

  5. Mixed Methods Approach to Assessing an Informal Buddy Support System for Canadian Forces Reservists

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    and Information Management Committee Acting Chief Scientist 14cb04 In conducting the research described in this report, the investigators adhered...d’examiner les changements recommandés et de déterminer ses avantages et ses inconvénients. Pour parvenir à ces fins, il est nécessaire d’adopter une...urban Management of Expectations Misunderstandings Role of MFRC Semi-Formal Assignment of buddy Peer Rank Ratio Buddy’s family

  6. Information transfer in multidisciplinary operating room teams: a simulation-based observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cumin, David; Skilton, Carmen; Weller, Jennifer

    2017-03-01

    Communication of clinically relevant information between members of the operating room (OR) team is critical for safe patient care. Formal communication processes, such as briefing, sign in and time out, are designed to promote this. We investigated patterns of communication of clinically relevant information between OR staff in simulated surgical scenarios, to identify factors associated with effective information sharing. We focused on the influence of precase briefing, sign in and time out, which we defined as formal team communications. Twenty teams of six participated in two scenarios during a day-long course. Participants each received unique, clinically relevant items of information (information probes) prior to simulations and were tested postscenario on recall of the information in the probe. Using videos of the simulations, we coded each time an information probe was mentioned against a structured framework. Of the 145 instances where a probe was mentioned at least once, 75 (51.7%) were mentioned during a formal team communication. However, there were 89 instances of a possible 234 (38%) where a probe was never mentioned. Some team members were more likely to mention the information than others. When probes were mentioned during formal team communications, significantly more team members were attentive (1.4 vs 2.3; ptime out in the Surgical Safety Checklist, our findings suggest suboptimal transmission of information between team members and unequal contributions of information by different professional groups. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  7. Information delivery in team communication of MCR operators for an emergency task

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeong, Kwang Sub; Park, Jin Kyun; Jung, Won Dae

    2005-01-01

    Team performance is a major measure to evaluate the ability of team when a lot of people perform a task of common purpose such as the main control room operators in the nuclear power plant. A team performance is affected the collaboration and communication among operators under dynamic situation as well as by the cognitive process of each team member. Specially, under the emergency situation, more clear and apparent communication in a team is a critical key for the appropriate response to emergency situation. As a general human factor analysis accesses the operator's behavior, it leads to a resulting action of planning, decision, problem-solving. In order to access the internal information and background information of his/her behavior, the verbal protocol analysis is applied. The impact factors on the team performance are derived from the state of the art for team performance, and it is found that the communication is a common key for all impact factors. And, in turn, the impact factors for the communication are accesses and the more detailed analysis is performed. The recorded data for the operator training for emergency situation of nuclear power plant training center are analyzed according to the verbal protocol analysis that are being generally utilized in cognitive psychology, educational psychology, and cognitive science. Two aspects, external (syntax) and internal (symantic) aspects of communication are reviewed. From the syntax analysis, it is found that the task of each step in EOP is separated according to each corresponding operator and the ordinary training is important, and the weak-points for a sentence presentation can be found team-by-team. And, from the symantic analysis for the diagnostic procedure of EOP is performed and the communication errors due to different situation awareness by operators could be found, and it lead to a diagnosis failure. The factors for different symantic cognition for a situation are analyzed and the affecting

  8. Information delivery in team communication of MCR operators for an emergency task

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jeong, Kwang Sub; Park, Jin Kyun; Jung, Won Dae

    2005-01-01

    Team performance is a major measure to evaluate the ability of team when a lot of people perform a task of common purpose such as the main control room operators in the nuclear power plant. A team performance is affected the collaboration and communication among operators under dynamic situation as well as by the cognitive process of each team member. Specially, under the emergency situation, more clear and apparent communication in a team is a critical key for the appropriate response to emergency situation. As a general human factor analysis accesses the operator's behavior, it leads to a resulting action of planning, decision, problem-solving. In order to access the internal information and background information of his/her behavior, the verbal protocol analysis is applied. The impact factors on the team performance are derived from the state of the art for team performance, and it is found that the communication is a common key for all impact factors. And, in turn, the impact factors for the communication are accesses and the more detailed analysis is performed. The recorded data for the operator training for emergency situation of nuclear power plant training center are analyzed according to the verbal protocol analysis that are being generally utilized in cognitive psychology, educational psychology, and cognitive science. Two aspects, external (syntax) and internal (symantic) aspects of communication are reviewed. From the syntax analysis, it is found that the task of each step in EOP is separated according to each corresponding operator and the ordinary training is important, and the weak-points for a sentence presentation can be found team-by-team. And, from the symantic analysis for the diagnostic procedure of EOP is performed and the communication errors due to different situation awareness by operators could be found, and it lead to a diagnosis failure. The factors for different symantic cognition for a situation are analyzed and the affecting factors

  9. Contributions to risk informed decision-making. Operational risk analysis in the oil and gas industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roeed, Willy

    2006-08-15

    This thesis addresses the use of risk analyses to support decision-making, to find the balance between different concerns, such as for example safety of personnel and operational costs, i.e. economic values. The focus is on the offshore oil and gas industry, but many of the discussions and conclusions are general and could also be applied to other industries. The thesis applies an understanding of risk being the combination of the two basic dimensions (a) possible consequences (outcomes) and (b) associated uncertainties. This risk concept is general, and risk analyses can be used to provide decision-making support to all kinds of decision problems. However, our main focus is on risk analyses in the operational phase, so-called operational risk analyses, and in particular evaluation of safety barrier performance, for the protection of personnel, environment and assets. Hence, the main focus in this thesis is upon risks in terms of hazardous events. The challenges in the operational phase differ from the planning phase, and many risk analyses carried out today do not reflect installation-specific information obtained in the operational phase to the extent that is wanted. There is a need for more suitable risk analysis tools, and the thesis gives some contributions to development of such tools

  10. Improving CANDU plant operation and maintenance through retrofit information technology systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lupton, L. R.; Judd, R. A.

    1998-01-01

    CANDU plant owners are facing an increasingly competitive environment for the generation of electricity. To meet this challenge, all owners have identified that information technology offers opportunities for significant improvements in CANDU operation, maintenance and administration (OM and A) costs. Targeted information technology application areas include instrumentation and control, engineering, construction, operations and plant information management. These opportunities also pose challenges and issues that must be addressed if the full benefits of the advances in information technology are to be achieved. Key among these are system hardware and software maintenance, and obsolescence protection. AECL has been supporting CANDU stations with the initial development and evaluation of systems to improve plant performance and cost. Five key initiatives that have been implemented or are in the process of being implemented in some CANDU plants to achieve cooperational benefits include: critical safety parameter monitor system; advanced computerized annunciation system; plant historical data system; plant display system; and digital protection system. Each system will be described in terms of its role in enhancing current CANDU plant performance and how they will contribute to future CANDU plant performance. (author). 8 refs., 3 figs

  11. Mobile Virtual Network Operator Information Systems for Increased Sustainability in Utilities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Joensen, Hallur Leivsgard; Tambo, Torben

    2011-01-01

    , sales and buying processes are separated from physical networks and energy production. This study aims to characterise and evaluate information systems supporting the transformation of the free market-orientation of energy and provision of utilities in a cross-sectorial proposition known as Mobile......In today’s research on creating a more sustainable energy utilisation in society, much effort is directed towards producing or consuming energy. This focus tends to overlook the fact that energy needs to be sold and distributed to the consumers in increasingly open marketplaces where the marketing...... Virtual Network Operator (MVNO). Emphasis is particularly on standardised information systems for automatically linking consumers, sellers and integration of network infrastructure actors. The method used is a feasibility study assessing business and information processes of a forthcoming utilities market...

  12. RFID-based information visibility for hospital operations: exploring its positive effects using discrete event simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asamoah, Daniel A; Sharda, Ramesh; Rude, Howard N; Doran, Derek

    2016-10-12

    Long queues and wait times often occur at hospitals and affect smooth delivery of health services. To improve hospital operations, prior studies have developed scheduling techniques to minimize patient wait times. However, these studies lack in demonstrating how such techniques respond to real-time information needs of hospitals and efficiently manage wait times. This article presents a multi-method study on the positive impact of providing real-time scheduling information to patients using the RFID technology. Using a simulation methodology, we present a generic scenario, which can be mapped to real-life situations, where patients can select the order of laboratory services. The study shows that information visibility offered by RFID technology results in decreased wait times and improves resource utilization. We also discuss the applicability of the results based on field interviews granted by hospital clinicians and administrators on the perceived barriers and benefits of an RFID system.

  13. Impact of digital information and control system platform selection on nuclear power generating plant operating costs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bogard, T.; Radomski, S.; Sterdis, B.; Marta, H.; Bond, V.; Richardson, J.; Ramon, G.; Edvinsson, H.

    1998-01-01

    Information is presented on the benefits of a well-planned information and control systems (I and CS) replacement approach for aging nuclear power generating plants' I and CS. Replacement of an aging I and CS is accompanied by increases in plant profitability. Implementing a structured I and CS replacement with current technology allows improved plant electrical production in parallel with reduced I and CS operations and maintenance cost. Qualitative, quantitative, and enterprise management methods for cost benefit justification are shown to justify a comprehensive approach to I and CS replacement. In addition to the advantages of standard I and CS technologies, examples of new I and CS technologies are shown to add substantial cost benefit justification for I and CS replacements. Focus is upon I and CS replacements at nuclear power plants, however the information is applicable to other types of power generating facilities. (author)

  14. The Evaluation of Operational Training and Trauma Care Experience of United States Air Force Nurse Anesthesia Providers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Frank, Michael

    2000-01-01

    .... The purpose of this study was to determine the experience and training in trauma anesthesia of CRNAs in the United States Air Force, as well as their perceived value of this experience and training...

  15. The Challenges Associated with Accounting for the Army's Force Provider (FP) System when Deployed in Support of Military Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Correia, Carlos A; Horner, Allen; McLaughlin, James; Stewardson, Donald

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this project is to research and analyze the consequences of deploying an end item system consisting of a myriad of components that have warfighter utility outside of the Force Provider (FP) system design...

  16. Forecast-Informed Reservoir Operations: Lessons Learned from a Multi-Agency Collaborative Research and Operations Effort to improve Flood Risk Management, Water Supply and Environmental Benefits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talbot, C. A.; Ralph, M.; Jasperse, J.; Forbis, J.

    2017-12-01

    Lessons learned from the multi-agency Forecast-Informed Reservoir Operations (FIRO) effort demonstrate how research and observations can inform operations and policy decisions at Federal, State and Local water management agencies with the collaborative engagement and support of researchers, engineers, operators and stakeholders. The FIRO steering committee consists of scientists, engineers and operators from research and operational elements of the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration and the US Army Corps of Engineers, researchers from the US Geological Survey and the US Bureau of Reclamation, the state climatologist from the California Department of Water Resources, the chief engineer from the Sonoma County Water Agency, and the director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography's Center for Western Weather and Water Extremes at the University of California-San Diego. The FIRO framework also provides a means of testing and demonstrating the benefits of next-generation water cycle observations, understanding and models in water resources operations.

  17. What is the Role of the Joint Forces Air Component Commander as Airspace Control Authority during Stability Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    Gerard E. Hasselwander, Robert F. Jakob, and Charles A. Ravenstein , Aces and Aerial Victories: The United States Air Force in Southeast Asia, 1965...Frank Futrell, William H. Greenhalgh, Carl Grubb, Gerard E. Hasselwander, Robert F. Jakob, and Charles A. Ravenstein , Aces and Aerial Victories: The...Jakob, and Charles A. Ravenstein , Aces and Aerial Victories: The United States Air Force in Southeast Asia, 1965-1973, 14. 61Robert Frank Futrell

  18. Probabilistic Weather Information Tailored to the Needs of Transmission System Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberts, I.; Stauch, V.; Lee, D.; Hagedorn, R.

    2014-12-01

    Reliable and accurate forecasts for wind and photovoltaic (PV) power production are essential for stable transmission systems. A high potential for improving the wind and PV power forecasts lies in optimizing the weather forecasts, since these energy sources are highly weather dependent. For this reason the main objective of the German research project EWeLiNE is to improve the quality the underlying numerical weather predictions towards energy operations. In this project, the German Meteorological Service (DWD), the Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy and Energy System Technology, and three of the German transmission system operators (TSOs) are working together to improve the weather and power forecasts. Probabilistic predictions are of particular interest, as the quantification of uncertainties provides an important tool for risk management. Theoretical considerations suggest that it can be advantageous to use probabilistic information to represent and respond to the remaining uncertainties in the forecasts. However, it remains a challenge to integrate this information into the decision making processes related to market participation and power systems operations. The project is planned and carried out in close cooperation with the involved TSOs in order to ensure the usability of the products developed. It will conclude with a demonstration phase, in which the improved models and newly developed products are combined into a process chain and used to provide information to TSOs in a real-time decision support tool. The use of a web-based development platform enables short development cycles and agile adaptation to evolving user needs. This contribution will present the EWeLiNE project and discuss ideas on how to incorporate probabilistic information into the users' current decision making processes.

  19. The geometry of generalized force matching and related information metrics in coarse-graining of molecular systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kalligiannaki, Evangelia; Harmandaris, Vagelis; Katsoulakis, Markos A.; Plecháč, Petr

    2015-01-01

    Using the probabilistic language of conditional expectations, we reformulate the force matching method for coarse-graining of molecular systems as a projection onto spaces of coarse observables. A practical outcome of this probabilistic description is the link of the force matching method with thermodynamic integration. This connection provides a way to systematically construct a local mean force and to optimally approximate the potential of mean force through force matching. We introduce a generalized force matching condition for the local mean force in the sense that allows the approximation of the potential of mean force under both linear and non-linear coarse graining mappings (e.g., reaction coordinates, end-to-end length of chains). Furthermore, we study the equivalence of force matching with relative entropy minimization which we derive for general non-linear coarse graining maps. We present in detail the generalized force matching condition through applications to specific examples in molecular systems

  20. The geometry of generalized force matching and related information metrics in coarse-graining of molecular systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kalligiannaki, Evangelia, E-mail: ekalligian@tem.uoc.gr [Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Crete, 70013 Heraklion (Greece); Harmandaris, Vagelis, E-mail: harman@uoc.gr [Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Crete, 70013 Heraklion (Greece); Institute of Applied and Computational Mathematics (IACM), Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas (FORTH), IACM/FORTH, GR-71110 Heraklion (Greece); Katsoulakis, Markos A., E-mail: markos@math.umass.edu [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 (United States); Plecháč, Petr, E-mail: plechac@math.udel.edu [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States)

    2015-08-28

    Using the probabilistic language of conditional expectations, we reformulate the force matching method for coarse-graining of molecular systems as a projection onto spaces of coarse observables. A practical outcome of this probabilistic description is the link of the force matching method with thermodynamic integration. This connection provides a way to systematically construct a local mean force and to optimally approximate the potential of mean force through force matching. We introduce a generalized force matching condition for the local mean force in the sense that allows the approximation of the potential of mean force under both linear and non-linear coarse graining mappings (e.g., reaction coordinates, end-to-end length of chains). Furthermore, we study the equivalence of force matching with relative entropy minimization which we derive for general non-linear coarse graining maps. We present in detail the generalized force matching condition through applications to specific examples in molecular systems.