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Sample records for folklore

  1. Folklore in Antiquity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galit Hasan-Rokem

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Folklore exists in all human groups, small and big. Since early modernity, scholars have provided various definitions of the phenomenon, but earlier texts may also reveal awareness and reflection on the specific character folklore. In this short article, we wish to explore and look into the various definitions and characterizations of folklore given by ancient writers from various times and cultures. We will try to draw a cultural map of awareness to the phenomenon of folklore in ancient Near-Eastern texts, Greco-Roman culture, the Hebrew Bible, Early Christianity and Rabbinic literature. The main questions we wish do deal with are where and if we can find explicit mention of folklore; which folk genres are dominant in ancient writings and what was the social context of ancient folklore? That is to say, whom those text integrated in social frameworks, enabling their users to gain power or to undermine existing cultural, theological and social structures.

  2. Building Collections: Folklore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krapp, JoAnn Vergona

    2005-01-01

    Folklore, the oldest form of storytelling, reflects the culture of a country, hence its nonfiction classification. Through these tales, one senses the values, the humor, and the lifestyles of its peoples. A powerful genre, folklore is the foundation on which high fantasy is created, epic films are produced, and a single story is passed from one…

  3. Folklore and Sociolinguistics

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    John Holmes McDowell

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Folklore and sociolinguistics exist in a symbiotic relationship; more than that, at points—in the ethnography of communication and in ethnopoetics, for example—they overlap and become indistinguishable. As part of a reaction to the formal rigor and social detachment of Chomsky’s theoretical linguistics, sociolinguistics emerges in the mid-twentieth century to assess the role of language in social life. Folklorists join the cause and bring to it a commitment to in-depth ethnography and a longstanding engagement with artistic communication. In this essay, I trace key phases in the development of this interdisciplinary movement, revolutionary in its reorientation of language study to the messy but fascinating realm of speech usage. I offer the concept of performative efficacy, the notion that expressive culture performances have the capacity to shape attitude and action and thereby transform perceived realities, as a means of capturing the continuing promise of a sociolinguistically informed folkloristics.

  4. The Challenge of Folklore to Medieval Studies

    OpenAIRE

    John Lindow

    2018-01-01

    When folklore began to emerge as a valid expression of a people during the early stages of national romanticism, it did so alongside texts and artifacts from the Middle Ages. The fields of folklore and medieval studies were hardly to be distinguished at that time, and it was only as folklore began to develop its own methodology (actually analogous to medieval textual studies) during the nineteenth century that the fields were distinguished. During the 1970s, however, folklore adopted a wholly...

  5. Women and the Study of Folklore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Rosan A.; De Caro, F. A.

    1986-01-01

    Presents a critical overview of academic writing on women and folklore, organized in three categories: (1) literature on images of women in verbal folklore, and the role of negative images in shaping attitudes; (2) research on womens' oral genres and performance and female use of folklore; and (3) studies of women as folk performers and artists.…

  6. Folkloric Art in Egyptian Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osman, Siham

    1983-01-01

    Theories in art education with a western origin have been applied in Egypt to support the revival of folkloric art. There are three important phases in the teaching of a unit on applique, a decorative craft dating back to the earliest Egyptian history. (AM)

  7. El folklore y sus paradojas

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    HONORIO M. VELASCO MAILLO

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los rasgos más sobresalientes de la historia del folklore en España y otras naciones europeas son sus paradojas. Propuesto primero como ciencia ha llegado a ser claramente rechazado por posteriores ambientes científicos. Tendría interés hacer una historia social del folklore. Este artículo sugiere que tales paradojas y contradicciones están relacionadas con el paradigma científico que asumieron sus promotores, el evolucionismo cultural y con un concepto idealizado de "pueblo", que ayudaron a construir presentando colecciones de materiales. También analiza las diferentes funciones sociales que ha cumplido el discurso folklórico.

  8. Folklore, creativity, and cultural memory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    the role of tradition and creativity in the life of a rural community. Egg decoration is an old custom, with pre-Christian roots, practiced extensively in the historical region of Bucovina, and relying on a complex system of material artefacts and symbolic elements acquired and enacted by artisans usually...... means the opposite of creativity but the actual vehicle of creative activity and its understanding as a stable cultural system ‘engraved’ in collective memory needs to be challenged. The tradition of egg decoration in Romania is a living and evolving social practice that engages the self and community......This paper addresses the question of how folk art can be, simultaneously, a vehicle for cultural memory and cultural creativity. It takes the case of Romanian Easter egg decoration as a practice situated at the intersection between art, folklore, religion and a growing market, it order to unpack...

  9. Folklore in China: Past, Present, and Challenges

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    Juwen Zhang

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available This article first outlines the long history of folklore collection in China, and then describes the disciplinary development in the 20th century. In Section 3, it presents the current situation in terms of disciplinary infrastructure, development, contribution, and challenge, with a focus on the recent practice of safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage. These accounts are largely based on the views of the Chinese folklorists. In the final section, this article discusses the issues of cultural continuity, integration, and self-healing mechanisms in Chinese culture by putting Chinese folkloristics in a historical and world perspective. This paper suggests that, to understand Chinese folklore and culture, one must be aware of the most basic differences between Chinese fundamental beliefs and values and those of the West, and that Chinese folklore and folkloristics present new challenges to the current paradigms put forward in the post-colonial, post-modern, and imperial ideologies.

  10. Electronic folklore among teenagers: SMS messages

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    Cvjetićanin Tijana

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of ICT media made way for a new form of folklore communication. Newly developed media, such as mobile phones, make it possible for their users to participate in electronically mediated communication, thus approaching the form of oral communication. The exchange of special type of SMS text messages represents a new way of transmitting contemporary folklore short forms. These messages use poetic language, they have standard style themes, patterns and formulas, and they form different genres and categories corresponding with already existing familiar folklore forms. The communication process that happens during the exchange of these messages also has folklore’s characteristics: it takes place within small groups, the communication is informal, the texts circulate in chain style, and undergo different transformation which generates the making of variants, etc. This form of electronic folklore is especially popular among teenagers, where it’s social functions and meanings are also most emphasized. Within this population, it adds to an older tradition of children’s written folklore poetry albums. Like poetry albums, SMS exchange influences the development of girls’ gender identity, providing also a socially defined channel for contacts between the sexes. It also functions as a mechanism of socialization and stratification within the group. At the same time, it creates a new field of meaning, which derives from the very media’s novelty and significance. In this sense, the exchange of SMS represents a symbolic act of acknowledging one’s belonging to the group of mobile telephone users. In this way, a new phenomenon is being symbolically processed through a new form of folklore.

  11. The Galileo Legend as Scientific Folklore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lessl, Thomas M.

    1999-01-01

    Examines the various ways in which the legend of Galileo's persecution by the Roman Catholic Church diverges from scholarly readings of the Galileo affair. Finds five distinct themes of scientific ideology in the 40 accounts examined. Assesses the part that folklore plays in building and sustaining a professional ideology for the modern scientific…

  12. Folklore Epistemology: How Does Traditional Folklore Contribute to Children's Thinking and Concept Development?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agbenyega, Joseph S.; Tamakloe, Deborah E.; Klibthong, Sunanta

    2017-01-01

    This research utilised a "stimulated recall" methodology [Calderhead, J. 1981. "Stimulated Recall: A Method for Research on Teaching." "British Journal of Educational Psychology" 51: 211-217] to explore the potential of African folklore, specifically Ghanaian folk stories in the development of children's reflective…

  13. [Folklore and popular medicine in the Amazon].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrique, Márcio Couto

    2009-01-01

    This discussion of the relations between folklore and popular medicine in the Amazon takes Canuto Azevedo's story "Filhos do boto" (Children of the porpoise) as an analytical reference point. Replete with elements of cultural reality, folk tales can serve as historical testimonies expressing clashes between different traditions. Folk records are fruit of what is often a quarrelsome dialogue between folklorists, social scientists, physicians, and pajés and their followers, and their analysis should take into account the conditions under which they were produced. Based on the imaginary attached to the figure of the porpoise--a seductive creature with healing powers--the article explores how we might expand knowledge of popular medicine as practiced in the Amazon, where the shamanistic rite known as pajelança cabocla has a strong presence.

  14. Childbirth in ancient Rome: from traditional folklore to obstetrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todman, Donald

    2007-04-01

    In ancient Rome, childbirth was a hazardous event for both mother and child with high rates of infant and maternal mortality. Traditional Roman medicine centred on folklore and religious practices, but with the development of Hippocratic medicine came significant advances in the care of women during pregnancy and confinement. Midwives or obstetrices played an important role and applied rational scientific practices to improve outcomes. This evolution from folklore to obstetrics was a pivotal point in the history of childbirth.

  15. ROMANIAN FOLKLORE MOTIFS IN FASHION DESIGN

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    MOCENCO Alexandra

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The traditional Romanian costume such as the entire popular art (architecture, woodcarvins, pottery etc. was born and lasted in our country since ancient times. Closely related to human existence, the traditional costume reflected over the years as reflected nowadays, the mentality and artistic conception of the people. Today the traditional Romanian costume became an inspiration source to the wholesale fashion production industry designers, both Romanian and international. Although the contemporary designers are working in accordance with a vision, using a wide area of styles, methods and current technology, they usually return to traditional techniques and ethnic folklore motifs, which converts and resize them, integrating them in their contemporary space. Adrian Oianu is a very appreciated Romanian designer who launched two collections inspired by his native’s country traditional costumes: “Suflecata pan’ la brau” (“Turned up ‘til the belt” and “Bucurie” (“Joy”. Dorin Negrau had as inspiration for his “Lost” collection the traditional costume from the Bihor region. Yves Saint Laurent had a collection inspired by the Romanian traditional flax blouses called “La blouse roumaine”. The paper presents the traditional Romanian values throw fashion collections. The research activity will create innovative concepts to support the garment industry in order to develop their own brand and to bring the design activities in Romania at an international level. The research was conducted during the initial stage of a project, financed through national founds, consisting in a documentary study on ethnographic characteristics of the popular costume from different regions of the country.

  16. Importancia del folklore musical como práctica educativa

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    Arévalo, Azahara

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Educational society of today should reflect on the importance of musical folklore as an educative practice. This paper contents a reflection about folklore and different educative practices taking as examples some musical pieces from Jaen’ Song Book. These kinds of practices are essential since they develop the quality of the learning process in general and the learning of music in particular. Nowadays, the school is the unifier mean for the reappraisal, communication and transmission of the folklore of our culture. Recovering our folklore is a task that depends on every member of the community and it can be possible through the updating of these musical pieces to the new social changes and its possible spreading through the media. Jaen’ Song Book may constitute a mean for promoting its folklore among students of this province. The learning of this repertoire may also serve as an open door to the World to know the labor that is done in our schools. This paper tries to make teachers conscious that the use of folk materials may improve the learning of music as well as it may unfold a new way for future didactic, cultural and anthropological researches.

  17. THE COMPOSER AND FOLKLORE PROBLEM: FACTORS OF STYLISTIC STRUCTURE

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    COCEAROVA GALINA

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper continues the author’s earlier study of the Composer and Folklore problem from the stylistic point of view. It is noted that in academic music, where the attention is focused not only on the speech or text characteristics, but primarily on the linguistic and stylistic material of folklore, the appeal to folk sources leads to the emergence of a number of stylistic factors, both, in the formation of the national style, and in the field of ethnic culture as a whole and integral stable system. The research points to the role of folklore as the genetic code of ethnic culture, as well as to other factors acting at on the level ,of musical discourse and musical language, contributing to the formation of „language flexibility” (A. Kolmogorov and, as a result, „flexibility of style”.

  18. BENTUK KARAKTER ANAK MELALUI DOKUMENTASI FOLKLOR LISAN KEBUDAYAAN LOKAL

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    Ranggi Ramadhani Ilminisa

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to documented the myth, legend, and fairy tale in Jombang and developing the oral folklore to be child story which contain of character education. In this case, used qualitative method. Based on results study getting nine story’s from a few of data site interpretation which include north Jombang, west, south, and middle. From the nine story’s, then documented and described on result study. Thus, it is can be reference of giving character education for kid.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendokumentasikan mite, legenda, dan dongeng di Jombang dan mengemas folklor lisan tersebut menjadi cerita anak bermuatan pendidikan karakter. Dalam hal ini metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian didapatkan sembilan cerita dari beberapa lokasi pengambilan data yang meliputi Jombang utara, barat, selatan dan tengah. Dari sembilan cerita tersebut didokumentasikan dan dideskripsikan pada temuan hasil penelitian. Dengan demikian, folklor lisan tersebut dapat dijadikan rujukan untuk membentuk pendidikan karakter anak.

  19. KABA MALIN DEMAN: MENYIASATI DAMPAK DUA FALSAFAH MINANGKABAU DALAM FOLKLOR

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    Tienn Immerry

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian folktale is transmitted from one generation to the next by word of mouth. The changes from verbal to written manuscript has in fact undergone a long process. Folktale consists of cultural values of folk/ a particular group of people. Research on folklore is one way to reveal the philosophy contain in the written manuscript. Two of Minangkabau philosophies, extinction philosophy and marriage philosophy, are found in kaba Malin Deman, if imbalance occurs it will create problem in their society. Harmonization is the srategy for the imbalance and also as the function of folklore itself.

  20. Danish TV Christmas calendars: Folklore, myth and cultural history

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Gunhild

    2013-01-01

    in which this traditional genre has succeeded in renewing itself. The so-called Pyrus series, TV 2’s Christmas calendars during the mid-1990s, exhibited folklore, myth and cultural history in a combination of entertainment and information. They were succeeded by calendars such as Jul i Valhal......This article aims at characterizing the Danish Christmas calendar as a TV institution and a meeting place for the traditions of the almanac, folklore and the history of culture. Against the background of a brief outline of the history of Danish Christmas calendars, the article explores ways...

  1. American Folk Music and Folklore Recordings 1985: A Selected List.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library of Congress, Washington, DC. American Folklife Center.

    Thirty outstanding records and tapes of traditional music and folklore which were released in 1985 are described in this illustrated booklet. All of these recordings are annotated with liner notes or accompanying booklets relating the recordings to the performers, their communities, genres, styles, or other pertinent information. The items are…

  2. An Interpretation of Two Oromo Folklore Genres Integrated to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this study was to analyze and interpret the meanings of two selected folklore genres namely: riddle and pastoral song portrayed in primary Oromo language student text books integrated to enhance the language skills, knowledge, attitude and cultural values of the children. Qualitative method was employed ...

  3. Dissemination of Values and Culture through the E-Folklore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahim, Normaliza Abd; Affendi, Nik Rafidah Nik Muhammad; Pawi, Awang Azman Awang

    2017-01-01

    This study focuses on the values and culture in the e-folklore. The objectives of the study were to identify and discuss the values in the song lyric "The Stork and the Mouse Deer." The song was taken from phone application in the compilation of the "Kingfisher stories" copyrighted by Dewan Bahasa and Pustaka. The e-folklore…

  4. Early Years Education and the Value for Money Folklore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell-Barr, Verity

    2012-01-01

    This article is intended as a contribution to the debate on the role of human capital in determining value for money in early years education. The article explores how the idea that early years education offers value for money has become folklore amongst policymakers and more widely. However, drawing on both interview data and existing literature…

  5. Folklore information from Assam for family planning and birth control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwari, K C; Majumder, R; Bhattacharjee, S

    1982-11-01

    The author collected folklore information on herbal treatments to control fertility from different parts of Assam, India. Temporary methods of birth control include Cissampelos pareira L. in combination with Piper nigrum L., root of Mimosa pudica L. and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. Plants used for permanent sterilization include Plumbago zeylanica L., Heliotropium indicum L., Salmalia malabrica, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L., Plumeria rubra L., Bambusa rundinacea. Abortion is achieved through use of Osbeckia nepalensis or Carica papaya L. in combination with resin from Ferula narthex Boiss. It is concluded that there is tremendous scope for the collection of folklore about medicine, family planning agents, and other treatments from Assam and surrounding areas. Such a project requires proper understanding between the survey team and local people, tactful behavior, and a significant amount of time. Monetary rewards can also be helpful for obtaining information from potential respondents.

  6. Folklore and Folk Songs of Chittagong: A Critical Review

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    Amir Mohammad Khan

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Folk Songs stems from Folklore are very rich in the southern region of Chittagong. In this part of the world Folk Songs play pivotal role in the lifestyle of people as a heart-touching and heavenly connection exists between human, nature and Folk Songs. Folk Songs in this area are special because we found the theme of Nature Conservation in them. We took the southern part of Chittagong (Lohagara, Satkania, Chandanaish and Patiya as our research area, selected a village namely Chunati in the systematic sampling and more than 100 people were interviewed through focus group discussion and key informant interviews. The sufficient literature review is also done. People in this area love nature a lot. Here music personnel were born from time to time who not only worked for the musical development but also created consciousness among people to love nature and save it. We discussed about the origin of Folk Songs, pattern of Folk Songs to clarify the importance of Folk Songs of Chittagong for its connection to Folklore and at the same time for promoting the idea of Nature Conservation. Of course, this part of studies deserves more attention in the field of research. Our ultimate goal should be to conserve and promote Folk Songs of Chittagong with yearlong heritage that automatically will later enrich Folklore and Nature Conservation.

  7. The transformation of contemporary analyses of oral folklore: Fairy tale versus fantasy

    OpenAIRE

    Otčenášek Jaroslav

    2010-01-01

    The study focuses on contemporary forms of folklore and their relationship to literary forms like Fantasy, Sci-fi, Horror and Fantasy Game. The first problem is the specification of the terms and the classification of the internal structure of these terms. A typical structure of contemporary oral folklore, such as urban legends, is a combination of classical forms of folklore (subject matter from fairy tales, anecdotes etc.) and the influence of films, television and books. This contami...

  8. The Concept of Love in Lithuanian Folklore and Mythology

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    Doc dr. Daiva Šeškauskaitė

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Love is a reserved feeling, meaning amiability and complete internecine understanding. The concept of love has always been important for human world outlook and attitude. Love can have different meaning and expression – for some people it is a nice, warm feeling, a way of action and behaviour, for others it is nothing more than a sexual attraction. As there are different perceptions of love, there also exist few common love manifestations: love can be maternal, childish, juvenile, sexual. Love can also be felt for a home land, own nation, home. Naturally love can be expressed through the particular rituals, symbols and signs. Folk songs introduce four main lover characteristics: beauty, sweetness, kindness and boon. The later feature means that a girl/ boy is supposed to be well-set, to be pleasant and comfortable to touch which is very important when choosing a wife or a husband. Love in folklore is expressed through the common metaphorical and allegorical symbols, it doesn‘t sound as explicit word – more like a metaphor or epithet. Love in folklore can be perceived and felt very differently. Love like an action – love like... special person, essential possession. Prime personal characteristics, such as kindness, tenderness, humility, are the ones to light the love fire as well as beauty, artfulness, eloquence also help. Love is supposed to lead to the sacred sacrament of marriage. Love, if real, is a serious subject. Love is worth dying for. Strong love leads to self-sacrifice. Fairy tales satirize infidelity stressing that love is right only between a wife and a husband while other options are considered as inglorious and wrong. Love, as an incest, is also common in our folklore.

  9. THE STRUCTURE OF POEM IN TALE KERINCI FOLKLORE

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    - Nazurty

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Tale is the folklore in the form of poem that is sung. This study aims to gain in-depth understanding of the structure of Tale poem in the release of the Kerinci pilgrims. This qualitative study employed content analysis as the method with a structural approach. This study discussed the structure of the Tale poem. The results of the study are Tale poem consists of sampiran phrase, the rhyme/ sound phrase, and content. It composed by ten lines to twenty lines. It has ab ab rhyme according to the sound phrase flanking each line. The sound expression serves as rhyme and rhythm former.

  10. Folklore Traditions in Contemporary Everyday Life: Between Continuity and (Re)construction (based on two examples from the Czech Republic)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Uhlíková, Lucie; Pavlicová, M.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 62, č. 2 (2014), s. 163-181 ISSN 1335-1303 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : folklore * folklorism * ethno-cultural tradition * social construction * everyday life * the Czech Republic Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  11. The Nearly Forgotten Malay Folklore: Shall We Start with the Software?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abd Rahim, Normaliza

    2014-01-01

    The study focuses on the nearly forgotten Malay folklore in Malaysia. The objectives of the study were to identify and discuss the types of Malay folklore among primary school learners. The samples of the study were 100 male and female students at schools in Selangor. The samples were picked at random from several schools and they were given…

  12. An Evaluation of Folklore Events in Serbia in Terms of Tourism

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    Željko Bjeljac

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In Serbia there are many traditional events based on tradition, folklore, old customs and traditional crafts and trades. Folklore events are the oldest elements in the development of tourism and provide a sufficient motive for tourist visits. On the basis of their program content, these events can be divided into folklore and folk music festivals, festivals of folk customs, and children’s folklore festivals. This paper offers a categorization of folklore events according to economic and geographic criteria; particular attention has been given to events that already are, or have great potential for becoming, a major attraction of the tourist destination in question and can thus contribute to a faster and higher-quality development of tourism.

  13. Tula song folklore: genre-stylistic and dialectic peculiarities

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    Krasovskaya Nelli Alexandrovna

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the works of Tula folklore recorded in the western part of the Tula region, in terms of genre, stylistic and linguistic features. The relevance of the study is related to the fact that Tula folk songs has not been studied, linguistic features of the works are not subjected to serious analysis. The article describes the features of the genre of songs recorded in Belevsky district of Tula region, including the ancient fortunetelling chants, wedding ceremony songs, romantic ballads etc., it is cited numerous examples in the lyrics that reflect the dialectal features of the phonetic, grammatical, lexical levels. According to the authors, a modern folk song genre retains its diversity and is a kind of storeroom containing priceless linguistic wealth. The analysis allows to draw conclusions about the presence and well-preserved in the recorded music of South Russian dialect phonetic and grammatical features. So far, there is no established typology of Tula dialects, therefore, according to the authors, the fixation of folklore in the territories bordering on Tula dialects, is very important and interesting for further descriptive and comparative work on identifying the eastern and south-south-west differences in Tula dialects.

  14. Rileggendo “Folklore e profitto”. Patrimoni immateriali, mercati, turismo

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    Letizia Bindi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the anticipatory notes of Luigi M. Lombardi Satriani’s Folklore e profitto [1973], the paper seeks to critically articulate the interesting relation between cultural heritage, capitalistic market and mass media, updating the analysis, also, to the most recent forms of the use of media in promoting and valorizing such traditions. What emerges is a twist of cultural heritage toward consumerism that imposes to anthropologists and cultural heritage scholars new challenges and questions and a late-modern rethinking of critical categories as commodification, alienation and fetishization. A central question, finally, arises about who and what should be today the social actors asked to decide about these processes of cultural manipulation in the new post-industrial and globalized scenario, characterized, inter alia, from a generalized economic crisis. 

  15. Of Mermaids and Changelings: Human Rights, Folklore and Contemporary Irish Language Poetry

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    Rióna Ní Fhrighil

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the intersection of human rights discourse, Irish folklore and contemporary Irish-language poetry. The author contends that contemporary Irish-language poets Louis de Paor and Nuala Ní Dhomhnaill exploit the multi-faceted nature of international folklore motifs, along with their local variants, to represent human rights violations in their poetry. Focusing specifically on the motif of the changeling in De Paor’s poetry and on the motif of the mermaid in Ní Dhomhnaill’s, the author traces how folklore material is reimagined in ways that eschew uncomplicated transnational solidarity but which engender empathetic settlement.

  16. "Haunting experiences: Ghosts in contemporary folklore," by Diane E. Goldstein et al.

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    Linda Levitt

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Diane E. Goldstein, Sylvia Ann Grider, and Jeannie Banks Thomas. Haunting experiences: Ghosts in contemporary folklore. Logan: Utah State University Press, 2007, paperback, $24.95 (272p ISBN 978-0-87421-636-3.

  17. Nenets Folklore in Russian: The Movement of Culture in Forms and Languages

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    Karina Lukin

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available In this methodological article the question of authenticity of folklore material is discussed. The article deals mainly with the research history of Nenets folklore studies and examines critically two of its paradigms, namely the so-called Finno-Ugric paradigm and the Soviet studies. It is argued that in these paradigms there existed biases that prevented the students to study certain kind of folklore material. The biases were related to the language and the form of the material: due to these biases folklore performed not in Nenets and not in forms defined traditional were left outside collections and research. Furthermore, it is shown that Russian speech and narratives embedded in speech are part of Nenets everyday communication and thus also material worth studying and collecting. Instead of the criticised paradigms the Nenets discourse is examined within the notions of communication centered studies that have gained attention since the 1980s.

  18. Folklore anecdote between memorata and fabulata: Field research of Serbs in Medina (Hungary

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    Ilić Marija

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This work is based on folklore material, which was gathered during ethno linguistic field research of Serbian traditional lexicon and spiritual culture in Medina village in Hungary in 2002. Folklore material is composed of the sayings by the informer Sava Sokic and primarily can be defined as a series of comical narrations. If we look upon these narrations as a genre of oral speech and within context of ethno linguistic interview, we can notice a complex structure of this oral genre. That is, this genre functions as a memorat with typical beginnings and met textual comments. On the other hand, it respects almost all genre norms, which are characteristic for folklore anecdote. Therefore, comic narrations of Save Sokic, and that are valid also for folklore anecdote in general, can be classified as borderline genre - between memorata and fabulata.

  19. Pendayagunaan Folklor Sebagai Sumber Ekonomi Kreatif Di Daerah Tujuan Wisata Bali

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    I Nyoman Suarka

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tourism practitioners in Bali commonly do not have an adequate understanding of the local culture so that the service given to tourists is less optimal. Therefore, efforts for delving into the original culture are necessary through a scientific research as a source for an information material and appreciation in developing the cultural outlooks of tourism practitioners in Bali. This research aims to delve into, preserve and develop folklores having potentials of high culture as a source of creative economy.This is a qualitative research with a morphology-ethnographic approach which attempts to describe the narrative elements of folklores as a unified whole by considering its history in the community and its supporting culture. That is, besides looking at the lore aspect through the analysis of a folklore structure, it also considers its folk aspect through the analysis of its function and significance. Furthermore, this research focuses on the opportunity for the utilization of folklores as a source of creative economy in addition to strengthening the local wisdom and preventing cultural pollution resulting from the negative aspects of tourism and globalization. Tourism practitioners in Bali commonly do not have an adequate understanding of the local culture so that the service given to tourists is less optimal. Therefore, efforts for delving into the original culture are necessary through a scientific research as a source for an information material and appreciation in developing the cultural outlooks of tourism practitioners in Bali. This research aims to delve into, preserve and develop folklores having potentials of high culture as a source of creative economy.This is a qualitative research with a morphology-­‐ethnographic approach which attempts to describe the narrative elements of folklores as a unified whole by considering its history in the community and its supporting culture. That is, besides looking at the lore aspect through the

  20. Ande-Ande Lumut: Adaptasi Folklor ke Teater Epik Brecht

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    Philipus Nugroho Hari Wibowo

    2013-11-01

    and Japan. The adaptation theory is developing well; everything can be used as an adaptation object, poems, novels, dramas, paintings, dances, and video games. Kemuning is performed by the performing concept of Brecht’s epic theater. However, this is an effort to fi nd out the new form of reading in Ande-Ande Lumut story. The epic theater against one of the main elements in Aristotle’s drama that has been developed by Stanislavsky’s method; there should be an empathy in every aspect of performance. According to Brecht, this process has caused an effect which should be avoided because it brings audience’s passive attitude. Therefore, he tried to make a theory of destroying the illusion, of interrupting method, and of controlling emotion. Brecht’s identical works focus on the social themes, especially on the themes that show the poor people who are suffering from the authority’s policy. The common problems between the master and its worker are refl ected on hisstory. The Kemuning performance has tried to show the prostitutes’ life that is closed to any negative things. In fact, they are still being needed by the society. Unfortunately, sometimes they become the source of scapegoats to any troubles and are always blamed to. Implicitly, this performance is aimed to fi ght for the prostitutes’ life. The audience is invited to see the other points of view about their life that are often regarded as negative by the people. Moreover, Brecht said that a good and demanded theater in this modern era is a theater that can arouse the audience’s critical thinking activities. Therefore, this performance is supposed to be able to motivate the arts lovers in producing a critical analysis to any social awareness and in creating a new movement to any signifi cant changes in society. Keywords: Folklore, Ande-Ande Lumut, Adaptation, and Brecht’ Epic Theater

  1. Folklore motives in the early compositions of Nikola Borota - Radovan

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    Jovanović Jelena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The creative work of Nikola Borota - Radovan (musician, composer, lyricist, arranger and record producer, based in New Zealand - formerly from Yugoslavia held a specific place in development of world music (polygenre in his native homeland in the early 1970s. This study focuses on his creative principles, applied to works published between the years 1970 and 1975 (while the role of these works in social, cultural and political context of the time and place will be elaborated in another study, see Jovanović 2014. The platform established to present this unique musical approach authenticaly was called kamen na kamen (a studio and stage outfit that has included number of collaborations over many years. Based on the musical models and aethetics of the folk revival and created under influence of The Beatles’, in adition to many other popular music production directions of the era, Borota’s works reveal significant musical, performance and production qualities, innovative expression and musical solutions, that need to be percieved from the contemporary (ethnomusicological point of view. Despite the fact that many prominent creative Yugoslav musicians of the time also worked within a similar framework I would argue that Mr. Borota’s creative outcome was signifficantly different from other Yugoslav popular music creative efforts. This is particularly noticeable in the author’s unique treatment of South-European and other folklore motives, which is the main topic of this study. Folk (ethnic idioms exploited by Mr. Borota in his compositions originate from the rural traditions of western Dinaric regions. This is especially true for the rhythmic formations of deaf or silent dance; for the semi-urban and urban tradition of the Balkans and the Mediterranean; Middle European traditions; traditions from non-European peoples; elements of Italian Renaissance; and international (mostly Anglo-American musical models. Compositions are analysed partly in

  2. New approaches for development, analyzing and security of multimedia archive of folklore objects

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    Galina Bogdanova

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available We present new approaches used in development of the demo version of a WEB based client/server system that contains an archival fund with folklore materials of the Folklore Institute at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS. Some new methods for image and text securing to embed watermarks in system data are presented. A digital watermark is a visible or perfectly invisible, identification code that is permanently embedded in the data and remains present within the data after any decryption process. We have also developed improved tools and algorithms for analyzing of the database too.

  3. Russian Folklore as a Reflection of National Character in the Work of Boris Vysheslavtzev

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    Alex L. Nalepin

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The essay is focused on the spiritual crisis of Russian culture at the beginning of the 20th Century and on the search of philosophical alternatives to overcome the crisis within the framework of Russian philosophical thought. In particular, it highlights the work of Boris P. Vysheslavtzev, a major thinker among Russian immigrants and his studies in Russian folklore seen as reflection of Russian national character. The essay for the first time introduces new data concerning the specificity of the choice that was highly important for Russian literature and culture as it was for Russian folklore studies.

  4. Folklore Music on Romanian TV. From State Socialist Television to Private Channels

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    Alexandra Urdea

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Music genres rooted in folklore have often been interpreted as ideological manoeuvres to forge a sense of national identity (Gordy, Mihailescu, Baker, Cash. This article explores formalized folklore performances of muzică populară as forms ‘media rituals’ (Couldry, and focuses on the role that television has played in establishing the genre as we know it today. It analyses the link between muzică populară as rooted in mass participation activities during communism, and ‘media rituals’ as framed on television (Couldry, indiscriminately and democratically involving the entire population that it addresses (and is available beyond that.

  5. Folklore and the Internet: The Challenge of an Ephemeral Landscape1

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    Trevor J. Blank

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Through the lens of memetic folk humor, this essay examines the slippery, ephemeral nature of hybridized forms of contemporary digital folklore. In doing so, it is argued that scholars should not be distracted by the breakneck speed in which expressive materials proliferate and then dissipate but should instead focus on the overarching ways that popular culture and current news events infiltrate digital folk culture in the formation of individuals' cultural inventories. The process of transmission and variation that shapes the resulting hybridized folklore requires greater scrutiny and contextualization.

  6. POLÍTICAS DE LA REPRESENTACIÓN DEL FOLKLORE EN LOS MUSEOS FOLKLÓRICOS/Folklore representation policies in folk museums

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    Ana María Dupey

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available  Este trabajo trata sobre la invención y la reinvención de los museos de folklore. Se analizan cuáles han sido los propósitos políticos y las razones que se han esgrimido para su establecimiento y quiénes han sido los agentes de estas invenciones / reinvenciones. Si han sido producto de instituciones estatales o surgen de movimientos de elites o grupos minoritarios pertenecientes a la sociedad civil. Simultáneamente, se dilucida cómo las representaciones del folklore son semantizadas para la representación de identidades de colectivos locales, regionales, nacionales y transnacionales. Se analizan a las actuales re-orientaciones de dichas instituciones operadas a partir de los procesos de descolonización (exteriores e interiores con sus consecuencias económicas, políticas, sociales y cognitivas, b las críticas a los análisis coloniales y clasistas desarrollados en el pasado por la Etnología y el Folklore. Disciplinas que abonaron los respectivos discursos museográficos y c la revisión de la definición de la institución museo. AbstractThis work deals with the invention and the reinvention about folk museums. It analyzes what were the political purposes and the reasons that have been put forward for the establishment of folk museums and who were the agents of these inventions/reinventions. If they have been the product of state institutions or movements which arise from elite or minority groups that belongs to the civil society. Simultaneously, it is explained how the folklore representations are semanticized in the representation of the local, regional, national and transnational collective identities. It analyzes a the current guidelines for museums that are based upon the decolonization processes (internal and external and their economic, political, social and cognitive consequences, b the critiques of colonialism and classists analyses developed in the past by Ethnologhy and Folklore. Disciplines that had influenced

  7. NETWORK FOLKLORE AND ITS ROLE IN THE FORMATION OF A COLLECTIVE COGNITIVE SPACE

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    Anastasija Belovodskaja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The global implementation of information-communicative technologies into every sphere of human activity is being accompanied by the emergence of new forms of communication, le­ading to inevitable changes in the means of both the representation and reception of information. In this respect, the field of interest encompasses research into modern anonymous network creative writing, which, as a result of the technological qualities of the Internet space, produces such texts that require particular skills in both comprehension and reproduction. In turn, the products of network folklore, as they spontaneously spread on the Internet, acquire the status of particular signs of a precedent nature. At the same time, the very nature of anonymous network creative writing—amusing and colloquial—raises the attractiveness of such texts and facilitates their reception, allowing them to be used for manipulative aims. The fact that such network folklore can influence the process of idea-formation in society is predetermined by the fact that, by definition, it is the milieu where collective representations are condensed and transmitted. Thus, network folklore is in the focus of attention not only in folklore studies, but is extremely topical for research in such fields as cognitive science, linguistic-cultural studies, public relations, speech effect, and any others which take interest in the processes of keeping, receiving, and transmitting information.

  8. “Stories Like the Light of Stars”: Folklore and Narrative Strategies in the Fiction of Éilís Ní Dhuibhne

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    Giovanna Tallone

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Besides being one of Ireland’s best-known and eminent writers, Éilís Ní Dhuibhne is also a professional and recognised folklorist and researcher, whose work covers a diversity of topics and subjects, mostly in the area of the tradition of oral storytelling and urban folklore. Her background in folklore has a relevant impact on her fiction, which is marked by reinvention of folklore patterns and juxtaposition of ancient stories and their contemporary counterpart. The purpose of his essay is to shed light on the impact of folklore and folklore projects on the fiction of Éilís Ní Dhuibhne in terms of in allusions, contents, discourse organization and narrative strategies. The tight link between folklore and storytelling in her writing is analysed taking into account her short stories vis-à-vis her academic work in folklore, focussing on Ní Dhuibhne’s awareness of the continuity of traditional narrative in time.

  9. Language and folklore in Hamid Mosaddeq’s poem

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    IRAN

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract"Standard language", "sub-standard language" and "meta-standard language" are the language types of many varieties. Use of sub- standard language in making poetry, known as “stylistic deviation”, is one of the ways of highlighting poetic language. More attention to this technique of language in the contemporary period was paid by Nima. Nima believed that all words have the potentiality to enter the realm of poetry. No word is essentially poetic or non-poetic, but the way of using words by the poet determines its poetic value.Hamid Mossadegh by the use of sub-standard language elements, in addition to increasing the richness of his poems, made them closer to the mind, language and life of people. Folkloric elements of Mosaddeq’s poems were divided into seven groups: 1 Slang words, 2 common and spoken vocabulary 3 Irony and Proverbs 4 Tlfzhay popular 5 allusion to folk tales 6 folk beliefs and customs 7 local vocabulary.Slang words in poems Mosaddeq in the "verb" and "noun" have been examined. Many folk verbs such as "Shangidan" and "gap zadan (to chat" in Mosaddeq’s poems have been applied. Some of folk verbs in his poems are in such a way that at first, one could not understand the point. These verbs have several meanings that one or more specific meanings are slang, like verb "gereftan (to get" that means "to grow the root of the plant" has slang sense.There is an abundance application of folk nouns in Mosaddeq’s poem. Some of the nouns used in Mosaddeq’s poem, considering their figurative meanings, can be investigated in the folk nouns group, like "foot" in the figurative sense of "will"."Colloquial and current words are of the most frequent elements of folk words in the poetry of Mosaddeq. These words in the category of "nouns" and "verbs" could be analyzed. Lexical verbs such as "to hip" and "Perfume of Moskow" are of this kind. "Irony and Proverbs" are the other folk elements of the poetry of Mosaddeq. "till eye can see

  10. Human attitudes towards herpetofauna: The influence of folklore and negative values on the conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Human values and folklore of wildlife strongly influence the effectiveness of conservation efforts. These values and folklore may also vary with certain demographic characteristics such as gender, age, or education. Reptiles and amphibians are among the least appreciated of vertebrates and are victims of many negative values and wrong ideas resulting from the direct interpretation of folklore. We try to demonstrate how these values and folklore can affect the way people relate to them and also the possible conservation impacts on these animals. Methods A questionnaire survey distributed to 514 people in the district of Évora, Portugal, was used to obtain data regarding the hypothesis that the existence of wrong ideas and negative values contributes to the phenomenon of human-associated persecution of these animals. A structural equation model was specified in order to confirm the hypothesis about the possible relationships between the presence of perceptions and negative values about amphibians and reptiles and persecution and anti-conservation attitudes. Sociodemographic variables were also added. Results The results of the model suggest that the presence of folklore and negative values clearly predicts persecution and anti-conservation attitudes towards amphibians and reptiles. Also, the existence of folklore varies sociodemographically, but negative values concerning these animals are widespread in the population. Conclusions With the use of structural equation models, this work is a contribution to the study of how certain ideas and values can directly influence human attitudes towards herpetofauna and how they can be a serious conservation issue. PMID:22316318

  11. Human attitudes towards herpetofauna: the influence of folklore and negative values on the conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Portugal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceríaco, Luis Mp

    2012-02-08

    Human values and folklore of wildlife strongly influence the effectiveness of conservation efforts. These values and folklore may also vary with certain demographic characteristics such as gender, age, or education. Reptiles and amphibians are among the least appreciated of vertebrates and are victims of many negative values and wrong ideas resulting from the direct interpretation of folklore. We try to demonstrate how these values and folklore can affect the way people relate to them and also the possible conservation impacts on these animals. A questionnaire survey distributed to 514 people in the district of Évora, Portugal, was used to obtain data regarding the hypothesis that the existence of wrong ideas and negative values contributes to the phenomenon of human-associated persecution of these animals. A structural equation model was specified in order to confirm the hypothesis about the possible relationships between the presence of perceptions and negative values about amphibians and reptiles and persecution and anti-conservation attitudes. Sociodemographic variables were also added. The results of the model suggest that the presence of folklore and negative values clearly predicts persecution and anti-conservation attitudes towards amphibians and reptiles. Also, the existence of folklore varies sociodemographically, but negative values concerning these animals are widespread in the population. With the use of structural equation models, this work is a contribution to the study of how certain ideas and values can directly influence human attitudes towards herpetofauna and how they can be a serious conservation issue.

  12. Charles Dicken’s Use of Folklore: A Study of Elements in Bleak House

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-04-21

    asserts the association between death and blackness by misquoting Shakespeare ; in Hamlet Shakespeare refers to the "fell sergeant, Death," ~66 and Dickens...2t464. One can find many allusions to works by Shakespeare in Dickens’s novels. The relevance of Shakespeare as a source is a field that awaits extensive... Shakespeare Land (London: Mitchell Hughes and Clarke, 1929), p.41. 3Cora Linn Daniels, ed. Encyclopedia of Superstitions, Folklore and the Occult Sciences of

  13. Mergelės Marijos ir akmens sąsajos lietuvių folklore

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    Kairaitytė, Aušra

    2008-01-01

    The object of this article is the relation between stone and the Blest Virgin Mary. The aim is to define the functions of stone in narratives about the Mother of God in the Lithuanian folklore, revealing the place of stone during the advent of Mary and finding parallels in the tradition of different Catholic countries. The aim is achieved by applying text analysis and comparative methods. Lithuanian folk stories tell us about growing or walking stones. [...] The other group consists of storie...

  14. The development of folklore, arts and crafts in ukrainian ethnic minorities: trends (1990 – 2000-s)

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    V. M. Pekarchuk

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of represented wide palette of historical facts, analytic works, scientific documents it is made an attempt to reproduce the place and role of folklore, arts and crafts of Ukrainian ethnic minority cultures within 1990 ­ 2000 ­ ies. The importance of the designated problem is caused, first of all, the need to have a clear understanding of the mechanism of the decision problem of an independent state of interethnic relations. It was found that during the study years in Ukraine,...

  15. Differences in motor abilities between dancers in professional and amateur folklore ansambles

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    Kocić Jadranka

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Differences in motor abilities between dancers in Serbinan professional folklore ansamble for dance and sing 'Kolo' in Belgrade and amateur folklore ansambles from coulture-arts society 'Vila' and 'Sonja Marinković' from Novi Sad had been tested on sample of 47 members. Motor area was examined by Provincial Governement Institute tests for Sport in Novi sad, and it was received 9 variables: single movement speed, explosivity below extremities (legs, endurance in jumping, absolutely strength backs' flexor muscule, relatively strength backs' flexor muscule, absolutely strength backs' extensor muscule, relatively strength backs' extensor muscule, absolutely strength backs' flexor muscule, relatively strength backs' flexor muscule. Relatively values obtained from absolutely values results using mathemathics. To determine differences between folklore dancers in whole variable system, it was used multivariante analysis variance (MANOVA. It was determined differences between sexes in motor abilities. Data was obtained by statistic packet SPSS 10.0. The aim was to find significant differences in nine mentioned variables between professional and amateur dancers and between sexes. Received results showed that there was not significant differences between professional and amateur dancers. Between sexes it was significant differences in man benefit, except one variable single movement speed. The conclusion is that for better, statisticaly significant results, professional dancers should enlarge contents and expend training intensity.

  16. FOLKLORE STUDIES AND NATIONALISM IN TURKEY ABSTRACT TÜRKİYE’DE FOLKLOR ÇALIŞMALARI VE MİLLİYETÇİLİK

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    İlhan BAŞGÖZ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Interest in folklore began in Turkey in the second half of the nineteenth century when the need was felt to forge a national language which could be understood by the majority. The Tanzimat reforms, which were introduced in 1839, inaugurated a functional change in Ottoman literature. A new generation of writers who were in contact with the West, especially France, and admired the economic, social, and educational institutions of Europe, soon realized that literature played an important role in the development of these institutions. To create a literature using the language of "common people," which was pure Turkish and unspoiled by foreign influences, made the Tanzimat writers interested in folklore and folk literature. Many other poets, novelists, play- wrights, and the intellectuals joined the movement between 1860 and 1900. The emergence of Turkish nationalism marked a new era in the attitude of intellectuals toward folklore and it was Boratav who introduced folklore to Turkey as an independent, scientific discipline. He enlarged the scope of folklore teaching and research to include verbal and nonverbal tradition. Türkiye’de folklora olan ilk ilgi, on dokuzuncu yüzyılın ikinci yarısında halkın çoğunluğu tarafından anlaşılabilecek bir milli dilin oluşturulması ihtiyacı hissedildiğinde başladı. 1839’da ilan edilen Tanzimat reformları Osmanlı edebiyatında fonksiyonel bir değişimi başlattı. Özellikle Fransa başta olmak üzere, Batı ile sıkı ilişkiler içerisinde olan ve Avrupa’nın ekonomik, sosyal ve eğitim kurumlarını arzu eden, örnek alan yeni nesil Osmanlı yazarları, çok geçmeden bu kurumların gelişmesinde edebiyatın önemli bir rol oynadığını fark ettiler. Yabancı etkilerle kirletilmemiş, saf Türkçe olan halkın dilini kullanarak bir edebiyat yaratmak için Tanzimat yazarları, halk bilimi ve halk edebiyatı ile ilgilendiler. Pek çok şair, romancı, oyun yazarı ve entellekt

  17. The transformation of contemporary analyses of oral folklore: Fairy tale versus fantasy

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    Otčenášek Jaroslav

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The study focuses on contemporary forms of folklore and their relationship to literary forms like Fantasy, Sci-fi, Horror and Fantasy Game. The first problem is the specification of the terms and the classification of the internal structure of these terms. A typical structure of contemporary oral folklore, such as urban legends, is a combination of classical forms of folklore (subject matter from fairy tales, anecdotes etc. and the influence of films, television and books. This contamination is really typical for postmodern culture. Fantasy stories can de divided into five categories - 1. alternative history (variants of past history or future evolution; 2. classical fantasy (variants of mythology or classical fairy tales or legends; 3. parody of fantasy or humour fantasy (the fantasy world is mostly only background; 4. urban fantasy (more or less a part of urban legend; 5. comics (the importance of graphic form - Superman, Batman etc.. Sci-fi and horror stories are mostly literary products influenced by classical legends or urban legends. Party games, especially “Dungeons & Dragons”, and their enactments by fans are a special part of the fantasy world. Ethnologists are faced with the questions of which method to use to carry out field research and what is actually relevant. Based on the first experiences we can see that for the research into this “new” field we can use the standard methods without problems. But for a better understanding we need to read fantasy, sci-fi and horror books, watch fantasy, sci-fi and horror movies, and get acquainted with the websites related to fantasy or sci-fi content. For a good analysis of fantasy party games one needs to become a member of a gamers’ group. The use of modern recording equipment like digital video cameras and cameras etc. is also very important.

  18. ′′Early baby teeth′′: Folklore and facts

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    N Uma Maheswari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Variations in the newborns′ oral cavity have been an enduring interest to the pediatric dentist. The occurrence of natal and neonatal teeth is a rare anomaly, which for centuries has been associated with diverse superstitions among many different ethnic groups. Natal teeth are more frequent than neonatal teeth, the ratio being approximately 3:1. The purpose of this case report is to review the literature related to the natal teeth folklore and misconceptions and discuss their possible etiology and treatment.

  19. When phonetics matters: creation and perception of female images in song folklore

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    Stashko Halyna

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a stylistic analysis of female images in American song folklore in order to examine how sound symbolic language elements contribute to the construction of verbal images. The results obtained show the link between sound and meaning and how such phonetic means of stylistics as assonance, alliteration, and onomatopoeia function to reinforce the meanings of words or to set the mood typical of the characters. Their synergy helps create and interpret female images and provides relevant atmosphere and background to them in folk song texts.

  20. Pre-Modern Bosom Serpents and Hippocrates' Epidemiae 5: 86: A Comparative and Contextual Folklore Approach

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    Davide Ermacora

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A short Hippocratic passage (Epidemiae 5: 86 might constitute the earliest Western surviving variant of the well-known narrative and experiential theme of snakes or other animals getting into the human body (motif B784, tale-type ATU 285B*. This paper aims: 1 to throw light on this ancient passage through a comparative folkloric analysis and through a philological-contextual study, with reference to modern and contemporary interpretations; and 2 to offer an examination of previous scholarly enquiries on the fantastic intrusion of animals into the human body. In medieval and post-medieval folklore and medicine, sleeping out in the field was dangerous: snakes and similar animals could, it was believed, crawl into the sleeper’s body through the ears, eyes, mouth, nostrils, anus and vagina. Comparative material demonstrates, meanwhile, that the thirsty snake often entered the sleeper’s mouth because of its love of milk and wine. I will argue that while Epidemiae 5: 86 is modelled on this long-standing legendary pattern, for which many interesting literary pre-modern (and modern parallels exist, its relatively precise historical and cultural framework can be efficiently analysed. The story is embedded in a broad set of Graeco-Roman ideas and practices surrounding ancient beliefs about snakes and attitudes to the drinking of unmixed wine.

  1. Folklore and traditional ecological knowledge of geckos in Southern Portugal: implications for conservation and science

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    Vila-Viçosa Carlos M

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK and folklore are repositories of large amounts of information about the natural world. Ideas, perceptions and empirical data held by human communities regarding local species are important sources which enable new scientific discoveries to be made, as well as offering the potential to solve a number of conservation problems. We documented the gecko-related folklore and TEK of the people of southern Portugal, with the particular aim of understanding the main ideas relating to gecko biology and ecology. Our results suggest that local knowledge of gecko ecology and biology is both accurate and relevant. As a result of information provided by local inhabitants, knowledge of the current geographic distribution of Hemidactylus turcicus was expanded, with its presence reported in nine new locations. It was also discovered that locals still have some misconceptions of geckos as poisonous and carriers of dermatological diseases. The presence of these ideas has led the population to a fear of and aversion to geckos, resulting in direct persecution being one of the major conservation problems facing these animals. It is essential, from both a scientific and conservationist perspective, to understand the knowledge and perceptions that people have towards the animals, since, only then, may hitherto unrecognized pertinent information and conservation problems be detected and resolved.

  2. Folklore and traditional ecological knowledge of geckos in Southern Portugal: implications for conservation and science

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) and folklore are repositories of large amounts of information about the natural world. Ideas, perceptions and empirical data held by human communities regarding local species are important sources which enable new scientific discoveries to be made, as well as offering the potential to solve a number of conservation problems. We documented the gecko-related folklore and TEK of the people of southern Portugal, with the particular aim of understanding the main ideas relating to gecko biology and ecology. Our results suggest that local knowledge of gecko ecology and biology is both accurate and relevant. As a result of information provided by local inhabitants, knowledge of the current geographic distribution of Hemidactylus turcicus was expanded, with its presence reported in nine new locations. It was also discovered that locals still have some misconceptions of geckos as poisonous and carriers of dermatological diseases. The presence of these ideas has led the population to a fear of and aversion to geckos, resulting in direct persecution being one of the major conservation problems facing these animals. It is essential, from both a scientific and conservationist perspective, to understand the knowledge and perceptions that people have towards the animals, since, only then, may hitherto unrecognized pertinent information and conservation problems be detected and resolved. PMID:21892925

  3. El narco-folklore: narrativas e historias de la droga en la frontera

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    Howard Campbell

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Lo que el gobierno de los Estados Unidos ha llamado “La guerra contra las drogas” se basa en la idea de que el consumo y tráfi co de estupefacientes son inequívocamente actividades dañinas y peligrosas que la población del país temerá y rechazará. No obstante, los resultados de estudios etnográfi cos en la frontera Estados Unidos- México indican que el tráfi co de drogas se ha convertido en una actividad tan común que ha generado su propio estilo de subcultura, incluyendo música y folklore. Hasta la fecha los estudios antropológicos de la narco-cultura en la frontera se han enfocado en los narcocorridos, un género de música mexicana popular que celebra y narra el comercio de los estupefacientes y las vidas de trafi cantes de alto nivel. Estos estudios proporcionan perspectivas valiosas sobre los funcionamientos internos de las organizaciones de la droga y del contexto cultural de los cuales emergen. Sin embargo, la mayoría de los trabajadores del narcotráfi co no son los superhéroes o los bandidos ricos retratados en los narcocorridos. Es el pueblo, que tiene como principal motivación para involucrarse en el mundo de los estupefacientes la supervivencia económica. La imagen de un rico folklore de tráfi co de drogas se ha convertido en un perfi l común en la región fronteriza de El Paso / Ciudad Juárez. Este estudio etnográfi co muestra cómo este comercio se ha convertido en una parte “normal” de la vida diaria. El folklore cotidiano alrededor del tráfi co de drogas indica el grado en el cual el comercio de éstas afecta a los habitantes de la frontera en múltiples niveles.

  4. Vodú Chic: Haitian Religion and the Folkloric Imaginary in Socialist Cuba

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    Grete Viddal

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available During the first three decades of the twentieth century, hundreds of thousands of Haitian agricultural laborers arrived in Cuba seeking employment in the expanding sugar industry. Historically, Haitian cane cutters were marginal and occupied the lowest socio-economic status in Cuban society. Until relatively recently, the maintenance of Haitian spiritual beliefs, music, dance, and language in Cuba were associated with rural isolation and poverty. Today however, the continuation of Haitian customs is no longer linked with isolation, but exactly the opposite: performance troupes, heritage festivals, art exhibitions, the circulation of religious specialists, collaborations with research centers and academia, endorsement by music promoters, and the tourism industry. Cubans of Haitian heritage have found innovative ways to transform the abject into the exotic, and are currently gaining a public voice in cultural production, particularly through folkloric performance.

  5. Conservation Implications of the Prevalence and Representation of Locally Extinct Mammals in the Folklore of Native Americans

    OpenAIRE

    Preston Matthew; Harcourt Alexander

    2009-01-01

    Many rationales for wildlife conservation have been suggested. One rationale not often mentioned is the impact of extinctions on the traditions of local people, and conservationists′ subsequent need to strongly consider culturally based reasons for conservation. As a first step in strengthening the case for this rationale, we quantitatively examined the presence and representation of eight potentially extinct mammals in folklore of 48 Native American tribes that live/lived near to 11 n...

  6. The relevance of folkloric usage of plant galls as medicines: Finding the scientific rationale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Seema; Rauf, Abdur; Khan, Haroon

    2018-01-01

    Galls, the abnormal growths in plants, induced by virus, bacteria, fungi, nematodes, arthropods, or even other plants, are akin to cancers in fauna. The galls which occur in a myriad of forms are phytochemically-distinct from the normal plant tissues, for these are the sites of tug-of-war, just like the granuloma in animals. To counter the stressors, in the form of the effector proteins of the invaders, the host plants elaborate a large repertoire of metabolites, which they normally will not produce. Perturbation of the jasmonic acid pathway, and the overexpression of auxin, and cytokinin, promote the tissue proliferation and the resultant galls. Though the plant family characteristics and the attackers determine the gall biochemistry, most of the galls are rich in bioactive phytochemicals such as phenolic acids, anthocyanins, purpurogallin, flavonoids, tannins, steroids, triterpenes, alkaloids, lipophilic components (tanshinone) etc. Throughout the long trajectory of evolution, humans have learned to use the galls as therapeutics, much like other plant parts. In diverse cultures, the evidence of folkloric usage of galls abound. Among others, galls from the plant genus like Rhus, Pistacia, Quercus, Terminalia etc. are popular as ethnomedicine. This review mines the literature on galling agents, and the medicinal relevance of galls. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  7. Plant derived substances with anti-cancer activity: from folklore to practice

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    Marcelo eFridlender

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Plants have had an essential role in the folklore of ancient cultures. In addition to the use as food and spices, plants have also been utilized as medicines for over 5000 years. It is estimated that 70-95% of the population in developing countries continues to use traditional medicines even today. A new trend, that involved the isolation of plant active compounds begun during the early 19th century. This trend led to the discovery of different active compounds that are derived from plants. In the last decades, more and more new materials derived from plants have been authorized and subscribed as medicines, including those with anti-cancer activity. Cancer is among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The number of new cases is expected to rise by about 70% over the next 2 decades. Thus, there is a real need for new efficient anti-cancer drugs with reduced side effects, and plants are a promising source for such entities. Here we focus on some plant-derived substances exhibiting anti-cancer and chemoprevention activity, their mode of action and bioavailability. These include paclitaxel, curcumin and cannabinoids. In addition, development and use of their synthetic analogs, and those of strigolactones, are discussed. Also discussed are commercial considerations and future prospects for development of plant derived substances with anti-cancer activity.

  8. "Old Oxen Cannot Plow": Stereotype Themes of Older Adults in Turkish Folklore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcus, Justin; Sabuncu, Neslihan

    2016-12-01

    Although much research has established the nature of attitudes and stereotypes toward older adults, there are conflicting explanations for the root cause of ageism, including the sociocultural view and interpersonal views, that age bias against older adults is uniquely a product of modernity and occurs through social interactions, and the evolutionary view and intraindividual views, that age bias against older adults is rooted in our naturally occurring and individually held fear of death. We make initial investigations into resolving this conflict, by analyzing literature from a society predating the Industrial Revolution, the society of Ottoman Turks. Using Grounded Theory, we analyzed 1,555 Turkish fairy tales of the most well-known older adult in Turkish folklore, Nasreddin Hoca, for stereotype themes of older adults. Using the same method, we then analyzed 22,000+ Turkish sayings and proverbs for the same themes. Results indicated older adults to be viewed both positively and negatively. Positive stereotypes included wisdom, warmth, deserving of respect, and retirement. Negative stereotypes included incompetence, inadaptability, and frailty/nearing of death. Older females were viewed more negatively relative to older males. Results indicated views of older adults to parallel those found in contemporary research. Results have implications for the design of interventions to reduce ageism and on the cross-cultural generalizability of age-based stereotypes. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  9. Influence of communal and private folklore on bringing meaning to the experience of persistent pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendricks, Joyce Marie

    2015-11-01

    To provide an overview of the relevance and strengths of using the literary folkloristic methodology to explore the ways in which people with persistent pain relate to and make sense of their experiences through narrative accounts. Storytelling is a conversation with a purpose. The reciprocal bond between researcher and storyteller enables the examination of the meaning of experiences. Life narratives, in the context of wider traditional and communal folklore, can be analysed to discover how people make sense of their circumstances. This paper draws from the experience of the author, who has previously used this narrative approach. It is a reflection of how the approach may be used to understand those experiencing persistent pain without a consensual diagnosis. Using an integrative method, peer-reviewed research and discussion papers published between January 1990 and December 2014 and listed in the CINAHL, Science Direct, PsycINFO and Google Scholar databases were reviewed. In addition, texts that addressed research methodologies such as literary folkloristic methodology and Marxist literary theory were used. The unique role that nurses play in managing pain is couched in the historical and cultural context of nursing. Literary folkloristic methodology offers an opportunity to gain a better understanding and appreciation of how the experience of pain is constructed and to connect with sufferers. Literary folkloristic methodology reveals that those with persistent pain are often rendered powerless to live their lives. Increasing awareness of how this experience is constructed and maintained also allows an understanding of societal influences on nursing practice. Nurse researchers try to understand experiences in light of specific situations. Literary folkloristic methodology can enable them to understand the inter-relationship between people in persistent pain and how they construct their experiences.

  10. Folclore e medicina popular na Amazônia Folklore and popular medicine in the Amazon

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    Márcio Couto Henrique

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Discute as relações entre folclore e medicina popular na Amazônia, tendo como referencial de análise o conto "Filhos do boto", de Canuto Azevedo. Aponta que os contos folclóricos estão saturados de elementos da realidade cultural e podem ser utilizados como testemunhos históricos que expressam embates entre diferentes tradições. Os registros folclóricos são fruto do diálogo muitas vezes conflituoso entre folcloristas, cientistas sociais, médicos, pajés e seus seguidores, e sua análise deve ser acompanhada de reflexão sobre as condições de sua produção. Neste caso específico, trata-se de refletir, com base no imaginário de sedução e cura em torno do boto, sobre a possibilidade de ampliar o conhecimento sobre a medicina popular praticada na Amazônia, região de forte presença da pajelança cabocla.This discussion of the relations between folklore and popular medicine in the Amazon takes Canuto Azevedo's story "Filhos do boto" (Children of the porpoise as an analytical reference point. Replete with elements of cultural reality, folk tales can serve as historical testimonies expressing clashes between different traditions. Folk records are fruit of what is often a quarrelsome dialogue between folklorists, social scientists, physicians, and pajés and their followers, and their analysis should take into account the conditions under which they were produced. Based on the imaginary attached to the figure of the porpoise - a seductive creature with healing powers - the article explores how we might expand knowledge of popular medicine as practiced in the Amazon, where the shamanistic rite known as pajelança cabocla has a strong presence.

  11. Sleep paralysis in Brazilian folklore and other cultures: a brief review

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    José Felipe Rodriguez de Sá

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Sleep paralysis (SP is a dissociative state that occurs mainly during awakening. SP is characterized by altered motor, perceptual, emotional and cognitive functions, such as inability to perform voluntary movements, visual hallucinations, feelings of chest pressure, delusions about a frightening presence and, in some cases, fear of impending death. Most people experience SP rarely, but typically when sleeping in supine position; however, SP is considered a disease (parasomnia when recurrent and/or associated to emotional burden. Interestingly, throughout human history, different peoples interpreted SP under a supernatural view. For example, Canadian Eskimos attribute SP to spells of shamans, who hinder the ability to move, and provoke hallucinations of a shapeless presence. In the Japanese tradition, SP is due to a vengeful spirit who suffocates his enemies while sleeping. In Nigerian culture, a female demon attacks during dreaming and provokes paralysis. A modern manifestation of SP is the report of alien abductions, experienced as inability to move during awakening associated with visual hallucinations of aliens. Furthermore, SP is a significant example of how a specific biological phenomenon can be interpreted and shaped by different cultural contexts. In order to further explore the ethnopsychology of SP, the Pisadeira, a character of Brazilian folklore originated in the country’s Southeast, but also found in other regions with variant names, has been reviewed. Pisadeira is described as a crone with long fingernails who lurks on roofs at night and tramples on the chest of those who sleep on a full stomach with the belly up. This legend is mentioned in many anthropological accounts; however, we found no comprehensive reference on the Pisadeira from the perspective of sleep science. Here we aim to fill this gap. We first review the neuropsychological aspects of SP, and then present the folk tale of the Pisadeira. Finally, we summarize the

  12. “Not a Thing of the Past”, Zora Neale Hurston and the Living Legacy of Folklore « Not a Thing of the Past », Zora Neale Hurston et le legs vivant du folklore

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    Margaret Gillespie

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Auteur important bien qu’atypique de la Renaissance de Harlem et premier anthropologue afro-américain à avoir étudié sa propre culture, Zora Neale Hurston est, à de nombreux titres, un écrivain d’exception. Contrairement à d’autres, dont Robert Wright et Alain Locke, Hurston ne renie nullement le legs culturel que représente le folklore noir qu’elle apprécie selon ses propres critères, folklore qui influencera tant la forme que le fond de son art. Anthropologue de formation, Hurston appréhende néanmoins la culture noire américaine du sud non pas comme un vestige du passé qu’il conviendrait de conserver précieusement intact, mais comme une partie intégrante du vécu actuel. À travers les stratégies discursives orales vernaculaires qu’elle adopte et adapte de la tradition folklorique afro-américaine, Hurston, en pionnière, ouvre une voie et donne une voix aux écrivains Noirs à venir.

  13. Conservation Implications of the Prevalence and Representation of Locally Extinct Mammals in the Folklore of Native Americans

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    Preston Matthew

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Many rationales for wildlife conservation have been suggested. One rationale not often mentioned is the impact of extinctions on the traditions of local people, and conservationists′ subsequent need to strongly consider culturally based reasons for conservation. As a first step in strengthening the case for this rationale, we quantitatively examined the presence and representation of eight potentially extinct mammals in folklore of 48 Native American tribes that live/lived near to 11 national parks in the United States. We aimed to confirm if these extinct animals were traditionally important species for Native Americans. At least one-third of the tribes included the extinct mammals in their folklore (N=45 of 124 and about half of these accounts featured the extinct species with positive and respectful attitudes, especially the carnivores. This research has shown that mammals that might have gone locally extinct have been prevalent and important in Native American traditions. Research is now needed to investigate if there indeed has been or might be any effects on traditions due to these extinctions. Regardless, due to even the possibility that the traditions of local people might be adversely affected by the loss of species, conservationists might need to consider not only all the biological reasons to conserve, but also cultural ones.

  14. La aldea fantasma: Problemas en el estudio del folklore y la cultura popular contemporáneos

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    Díaz G. Viana, Luis

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The author analyzes the problems involved in the study of folklore and popular culture in a contemporary world, transnational and hybrid, aparently different from what the object/subject of study was supposed to be. Nevertheless he argues that the type of urban legends we can gather today through Internet does not differe from the traditional materials, such as leyends, games or mores, since they talk (as they used to about people tryng to make sense out of an always changing and mixed world.

    El autor ofrece un análisis de la problemática relacionada con el estudio del folklore y la cultura popular en el mundo contemporáneo, transnacional e híbrido, aparentemente distinto de lo que se suponía que era el objeto/sujeto de estudio tradicional. Sin embargo, argumenta que el tipo de leyendas urbanas que podemos recopilar hoy a través de internet no es diferente de los materiales tradicionales, tales como leyendas, juegos o costumbres; ya que de lo que hablan éstos, al igual que aquéllos, es de las preocupaciones de las personas por dar sentido a un mundo siempre cambiante y siempre en contacto.

  15. “The Foresight to Become a Mermaid”: Folkloric Cyborg Women in Éilís Ní Dhuibhne’s Short Stories

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    Rebecca Graham

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Éilís Ní Dhuibhne is both a folklorist and a feminist, who “took an interest in rewriting or re-inventing women’s history, a history which had been largely unwritten” (Ní Dhuibhne, “Negotiating” 73. Folklore stories and motifs abound in her writing. Elke D’hoker argues that Ní Dhuibhne reimagines and rewrites folktales to “reflect and interpret the social values and attitudes of a postmodern society” (D’hoker 137. The repurposing of folklore allows Ní Dhuibhne to interrogate some of the complex and controversial ways that Irish society has attempted to represent and control women, entrenching taboos about female behaviours and sexualities. Using Donna Haraway’s cyborg feminism and Karen Barad’s deployment of Haraway’s theory of diffraction, this article focuses on issues of voice and orality, and the female body in “The Mermaid Legend”, “Midwife to the Fairies”, and “Holiday in the Land of Murdered Dreams”, to argue that Ní Dhuibhne’s repurposing of folklore is a radically feminist undertaking. All three short stories, which feature female protagonists, reveal diverse, transgressive, sexual mothers and maidens whose symbolic connections with folklore allow them to challenge the restrictive constructions of women in Irish society, creating spaces to explore alternative, heterogeneous, feminist re-conceptions of identity and belonging.

  16. 1970 MLA Abstracts of Articles in Scholarly Journals, Volume I: General, English, American, Medieval and Neo-Latin, Celtic Literatures; and Folklore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, John H., Comp.; Achtert, Walter S., Comp.

    The first volume of an annual series following the arrangement of the "MLA International Bibliography" includes sections on General, English, American, Medieval and Neo-Latin, Celtic literatures, and Folklore. A classified collection of 1,744 brief abstracts of journalarticles on the modern languages and literatures to be used in conjunction with…

  17. 1970 MLA International Bibliography of Books and Articles on the Modern Languages and Literatures, Volume I: General, English, American, Medieval and Neo-Latin, Celtic Literatures; and Folklore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meserole, Harrison T., Comp.

    Volume 1 of the four-volume, international bibliography contains over 11,140 entries referring to books, Festschriften, analyzed collections, and articles which focus on General, English, American, medieval and neo-Latin, and Celtic literatures. A section of folklore is also included. The section on general literature includes: (1) aesthetics, (2)…

  18. Folklore as historical and cultural legasy of the lower Volga region in the first third of the XXth century: B.S. Laschilin, A.M. Listopadov

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    Rodionova Olga Igorevna

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In the present article the question of the folklore phenomenon in the folk art of the Lower Volga Region in the first third of the 20th century is considered. In the course of research high emphasis was placed on the Cossack subject matter. The role of B.S. Laschilin and A.M. Listopadov in collecting and publishing folk art, the folklore of the Don Cossacks, is revealed. Boris Stepanovitch Laschilin’s work left a great impact in the artistic life of our region. In B.S. Laschilin’s books, that were published in Rostov-on-Don, Saratov, Stalingrad-Volgograd, contained tales, fairy tales, bylinas, legends, songs, ditties, proverbs, sayings, ancient dramas of the first Russian folk theatres, exorcisms. Boris Stepanovitch kept selecting songs and ditties, chastooshkas for Voronezh Folk Choir “Voronezh girls”, which are still in the repertoire of the Pyatnitsky Russian Folk Chorus. Folklorist and musician Alexander Mikhailovich Listopadov, who collected and studied folk songs from his youth up, and recorded them in the Don Region hamlets and Cossack villages, spent more than 50 years of his life on the research of the Don Cossack’s musical culture. Alexander Mikhailovich Listopadov’s heritage made an important contribution to the native musical folklore study. Folklore compositions is a unique source of knowledge of history, way of life, moral and other national concepts, which allows us to reconstitute a linguistic personality of a definite historical epoch.

  19. 'DELİ DUMRUL' BY SUAT TAŞER, WITHIN THE SCOPE OF FOLKLORE - IDEOLOGY – LITERATURE FOLKLOR-İDEOLOJİ-EDEBİYAT ÜÇGENİNDE SUAT TAŞER’İN DELİ DUMRUL’U

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    Nezir TEMUR

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available It's a sociologically inevitable phenomenon that the social andpolitical changes occuring in societies evoke their reflections in culturalproductions prominently. Since the 19th Century, when nationalidentities began to take form along with romantic nationalism, folkloricartifacts which are significant conveyers of cultural recollections such ashistory and language, have confronted us as a field emphasized byideological and literary movements, notably Social Sciences. In the worldof 20th Century, when ideologies began to take form in political sense,folkloric artifacts undertook significant functions in culture policiesenvisaged by dominant ideologies for the new forms of Societies whichthey tried to build. The style of the folkloric artifacts, cultural codes theyconveyed, and their functionality have been active components in thisapproach. In this sense, the intensifying process , which begins to headtowards works of folk narrations, folk poetry, and folk literature inTurkish Literature after 1930s, gradually increases after the 1940s andthis tendency becomes one of the significant sources fostering literature.At this point, substantial works of Turkish folklore such as epics,folktales, tales, legends have been released to the public within newperspectives and techniques.It can be seen that new pursuits in expressions and utteranceshave been embarked, like in 'Deli Dumrul - Ölüm ve Aşk' (Epic and Playby Dede Korkut , which can be considered as the rewriting of one of hisepics with a new understanding. This study aims to make a comparisonbetween 'Deli Dumrul - Ölüm ve Aşk' (Epic - Play by Suat Taşer and theoriginal text of the Epic of Deli Dumrul and to examine how folkloricartifacts and cultural values tried to be transmitted into those artifactshave been modernized, adapted contemporarily and released ;the partswhere the writer digressed from the souce text during the adaptation; towhat extent the traditional context has been changed

  20. Russian Folk Culture in the 20 th Century: Oral Evidence of the Villagers (On the Materials of Folklore Expeditions

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    Ekaterina A. Dorokhova

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Folk culture is capable of developing certain adaptation mechanisms that help it promptly react to the changing conditions of natural, socio-political, and economic environment. This is evidenced by the stories of the villagers recorded during folklore expeditions to different regions of Russia. The article highlights changes that took place in the traditional Russian culture under the influence of collectivization in the 1920s–1930s, the collapse of kolkhozes in the 1990s, the development of the rural club amateur performances in the Soviet time, the events of the World War II, modern military conflicts, and Chernobyl ecological catastrophe. The authors come to conclusion that representatives of traditional culture flexibly adapt to their new living conditions, while extreme conditions such as wars and ecological catastrophes often contribute to the actualization of folk culture and enable the return of its certain aspects to living practice.

  1. The specificity of folklore and mythological motifs in the novel “Tsar Maiden” by Vsevolod Solovyov

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    Lyapina Svetlana Mitrofanovna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with folklore motifs in the novel by Vsevolod Solovyov “Tsar-maiden”, and reveals the link between this work and a magic tale. The author comes to the conclusion that the appeal to the image of the Tsar-maiden due to the desire of the writer to show the irrational spirit of pre-Petrine Russia, judgment of the people of the rulers of Imperial power. In the popular view of the nation the fact that the woman has become a monarch it was beyond their comprehension and considered a miracle akin to a fairy tale. Therefore, from Vsevolod Solovyov’s viewpoint, a fabulous image of the Tsar-maiden in the minds of the people coincided with the image of Princess Sophia.

  2. Language and folklore in Hamid Mosaddeq’s poem

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    نداسادات IRAN

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract"Standard language", "sub-standard language" and "meta-standard language" are the language types of many varieties. Use of sub- standard language in making poetry, known as “stylistic deviation”, is one of the ways of highlighting poetic language. More attention to this technique of language in the contemporary period was paid by Nima. Nima believed that all words have the potentiality to enter the realm of poetry. No word is essentially poetic or non-poetic, but the way of using words by the poet determines its poetic value.Hamid Mossadegh by the use of sub-standard language elements, in addition to increasing the richness of his poems, made them closer to the mind, language and life of people. Folkloric elements of Mosaddeq’s poems were divided into seven groups: 1 Slang words, 2 common and spoken vocabulary 3 Irony and Proverbs 4 Tlfzhay popular 5 allusion to folk tales 6 folk beliefs and customs 7 local vocabulary.Slang words in poems Mosaddeq in the "verb" and "noun" have been examined. Many folk verbs such as "Shangidan" and "gap zadan (to chat" in Mosaddeq’s poems have been applied. Some of folk verbs in his poems are in such a way that at first, one could not understand the point. These verbs have several meanings that one or more specific meanings are slang, like verb "gereftan (to get" that means "to grow the root of the plant" has slang sense.There is an abundance application of folk nouns in Mosaddeq’s poem. Some of the nouns used in Mosaddeq’s poem, considering their figurative meanings, can be investigated in the folk nouns group, like "foot" in the figurative sense of "will"."Colloquial and current words are of the most frequent elements of folk words in the poetry of Mosaddeq. These words in the category of "nouns" and "verbs" could be analyzed. Lexical verbs such as "to hip" and "Perfume of Moskow" are of this kind. "Irony and Proverbs" are the other folk elements of the poetry of Mosaddeq

  3. The Folklore - Nationalism Relationship in the Balkans. Case Study “Whose Is This Song?” by Adela Peeva

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    Elena-Lorena Nedelcu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses a 2003 documentary titled “Whose Is This Song?” by Bulgarian movie director Adela Peeva, in the purpose of understanding the relationship between the folklore and the nationalism in the Balkans. The theme of the documentary is the director’s quest to trace the roots of a folk song that she had thought was 100 percent Bulgarian since her childhood. The documentary follows Peeva’s journey with a camera in hand around Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Bulgaria, where she discovers that the song is sung by all of these nations. The documentary can be interpreted as showing how an ordinary song could become an instrument of fanatical nationalism and that it reveals mutual strife instead of Balkan unity. In a region defined by ethnic hatred and war, what begins as a simply investigation of the true origins of a song, ends as a sociological and historical exploration of the deep misunderstandings between the people of the Balkans.

  4. Transformation of folklore tradition in the poem by M.I. Tsvetaeva “From the Sea”

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    Galieva Marianna Andreevna

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper studies the functioning of the folk tradition in the poetics by M.I. Tsvetaeva. The object of research is the poem “From the Sea” of 1926. Scientists have carefully studied motivic structure of the poem, but the attention is not paid to the folk elements. Special attention is paid to the motive of travel to “the other world”, which in terms of the semantics is correlated with the motive of sleep. Folklorism creativity of M.I. Tsvetaeva is studied enough, but there is always a need for the identification of implicit forms of folk traditions that exist in the poetics. In our work we are talking about the breaking of the folk tradition, its inner form. The connection to the archetypal models of poetry (the ship by pre-genre formations. Appeal to the fabulous tradition, to the motif of travel to “the other world” shows the archetypal, not typical in the poetry of the early XX century. It is applied the historical and typological method; Tsvetaeva’s metaphor is genetically traced to the ritual of reality expressed in the plot structure of the ship, eydology of the “other kingdom”. Historical poetics allows look at the poem “From the Sea” differently.

  5. The search for novel anticancer agents: a differentiation-based assay and analysis of a folklore product.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinnen, R D; Ebisuzaki, K

    1997-01-01

    One alternative approach to the current use of cytotoxic anticancer drugs involves the use of differentiation-inducing agents. However, a wider application of this strategy would require the development of assays to search for new differentiation-inducing agents. In this report we describe an in vitro assay using the murine erythroleukemia (clone 3-1) cells. Tests for the efficacy of this assay for the analysis of antineoplastic activity in natural products led to studies on pau d'arco, a South American folklore product used in the treatment of cancer. Purification of the activity in aqueous extracts by solvent partition and thin layer chromatography (TLC) indicated the presence of two activities, one of which was identified as lapachol. The activity in the pau d'arco extracts and of lapachol was inhibited by vitamin K1. As a vitamin K antagonist, lapachol might target such vitamin K-dependent reactions as the activation of a ligand for the Axl receptor tyrosine kinase.

  6. From Folklore to Scientific Evidence: Breast-Feeding and Wet-Nursing in Islam and the Case of Non-Puerperal Lactation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, Lia; Gilad, Jacob

    2007-01-01

    Breast-feeding practice has an important medical and socio-cultural role. It has many anthropological aspects concerning the “power structures” that find their expression in breast-feeding and the practices that formed around it, both socially, scientifically, and legally-speaking. Breast-feeding has been given much attention by religions and taboos, folklore, and misconception abound around it making it a topic of genuine curiosity. This paper aims at expanding the spectrum of folklore associated with breast-feeding. The paper deals with historical, religious, and folkloristic aspects of breast-feeding, especially wet-nursing, in Islam and focuses on an intriguing Islamic tale on breast-feeding - lactation by non-pregnant women (or non-puerperal lactation). Apparently, accounts of non-puerperal lactation are not restricted to Islam but have been documented in various societies and religions throughout centuries. Two medical situations - hyperprolactinemia and induced lactation, appear as possible explanations for this phenomenon. This serves as an excellent example for the value of utilizing contemporary scientific knowledge in order to elucidate the origin, anthropology and evolvement of ancient myth and superstition. PMID:23675050

  7. When “She” Is Not Maud: An Esoteric Foundation and Subtext for Irish Folklore in the Works of W.B. Yeats

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    C. Nicholas Serra

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines Yeats’s broad use of Irish folklore between 1888 and 1938, and attempts to find a justification for his contention that his own unique metaphysical system expressed in both editions of A Vision, itself an outgrowth of his three decades of ritual practice as an initiate in the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, could somehow function as both an interpretation and enlargement of “the folk-lore of the villages”. Beyond treating Irish fairy stories as a way for Yeats to establish his own Irishness, capture what remained of “reckless Ireland” in its twilight, or create a political counter-discourse set against English hegemony, the immutability and immortality of the sídhe are considered in light of the assertions of several minor lectures from the Golden Dawn. This connection sheds new light on Yeats’s ideas about Unity of Being, and hypothesizes a possible esoteric path to “escape” from his system of phases so as to resolve the body-soul dilemma evident in his poetry.

  8. Pastourelle et folklore

    OpenAIRE

    Dumas, René

    2014-01-01

    Dans l'état où il nous est parvenu, le Tristan de Béroul ne nous offre que peu d'évocations de la ville et de la demeure où évoluent les différents personnages. Pourtant, bon nombre des moments-clés du roman se situent précisément en milieu urbain : la scène de la marche au suplice d'Iseut, par exemple, ou celle de la fête qui célèbre son retour auprès du roi Marc. Aussi tenterons-nous de préciser dans quel cadre de vie se situent les aventures de Tristan et Iseut et de rechercher l'ordre urb...

  9. The friends that game together: A folkloric expansion of textual poaching to genre farming for socialization in tabletop role-playing games

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    Michael Robert Underwood

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Tabletop role-playing games (RPGs are a folkloric form for creating and reaffirming community bonds and performing identity. Gaming is used to communicate and perform cultural capital and identity through fictional narratives, functioning as a form of community building and/or personal expression. With quotations from ethnographic research over the course of 2 years, including interviews with several groups of gamers and participant observation, I examine the ways that players create and affirm social bonds. I return to Michel De Certeau's idea of textual poaching, as adapted by Henry Jenkins, to contrast with it a new concept of genre farming. As both platform for and object of genre farming, RPGs allow players to display cultural competence, create and reaffirm social ties, and seek entertainment in a collaborative fashion.

  10. IDEOLOGICAL APPROACHES OF FOLKLORE STUDIES IN KYRGYZSTAN ON THE SOVIET UNION PERIOD: ERSOLTONOY EPIC EXAMPLE SOVYETLER BİRLİĞİ DÖNEMİNDE KIRGIZİSTAN’DA FOLKLOR ÇALIŞMALARINDA İDEOLOJİK YAKLAŞIMLAR: ER SOLTONOY DESTANI ÖRNEĞİ

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    Mehmet ÇERİBAŞ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Folklore, emerged in the 19th century with the romance movement as a tool of nationalizm, acted as shield aganist discriminative movements in the countries which weren’t able to achieve political unity. Political movement, which doesn’t consist freedom of expression and based on single party system like socialism, nazism and communism, wanted to take advantage of all communication channels for propaganda purpose. These movements imposed important folklore products which was considered as a means of communication and interaction. One of these is to understand the judgements values and develop policies on this judgements, other is to ensure harmony between the regime and people-more clearly by formatting fort he purpose of regime.Socialism which is of the movements using folklore for the ideological purpose have benefited from folklore to make people of occupied countries for he emperialist purpose compatible. Epic type, decorated with elements of romantics and nationalism, is used to increase nationalism by the Turks tribes where oral culture is dominant during the war period at ordinary times has taken spokemanship of proletariat class. Such work has been tested on the Kyrgyz Turks which were nomadic horseman and interested in the type of epic proceeding from Er Soltonoy’s of Kyrgyz Turks. 19. yüzyılda ortaya çıkan romantizm hareketiyle uluslaşmanın bir aracı olarak görülen folklor ürünleri, siyasi birliğini sağlayamamış ülkeler tarafından dıştan gelecek ayrıştırıcı akımlara karşı kalkan görevini görmüştür. Nazizm, Sosyalizm ve Komünizm gibi tek parti sistemine dayanan ve ifade özgürlüğünün olmadığı siyasi akımlar ise halka ulaşabilecekleri bütün iletişim kanallarından propaganda amacıyla yararlanmak istemişler; bu akımlar dönemin iletişim araçlarından sayılan folklor ürünlerine de bu bağlamda önemli görevler yüklemişlerdir. Bu görevlerden biri, halkın değer yarg

  11. If only Derrida missed that flight... About the assessment of the "academic achievements" of the so-called "American Anthropology" by Belgrade Structural-semiotic School of Folklore

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    Miloš Milenković

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Taking into account recent critiques of "underdevelopment", "positivism", "methodological backwardness" and other failings attributed to socalled "American Anthropology" by some of the authors from the Belgrade Structural-semiotic School of Anthropology of Folklore, I analyse the context in which colleagues and students may be tempted to explain common sense political connection between polyphone ethnography, neo-romanticism and nationalism as counter-intuitive history of the discipline. I already pointed that the important transformative differences in the attitudes towards structuralism between European anthropologists, especially Belgrade Structural-semiotic School of Anthropology of Folklore and so called "American Anthropology", are the consequence of a pure coincidence – the fact that French structuralism and French poststructuralism were launched simultaneously at the American interdisciplinary intellectual scene ("Theory" at the same conference. This ironic concurrence would not be much more than one entertaining episode for students, historians of anthropology and historians of ideas, if there were no attempts (more and more frequent and increasingly fluently articulated to compare different intellectual traditions as they were elements of the same unilineal evolution of the discipline. Belgrade Structural-semiotic School (further called only SS and especially its spiritus movens and most prominent representative Prof. Kovačević started in recent years to criticise some "American Anthropology" measuring its academic "achievement" (the author’s term in comparative perspective and taking as an analytical unit uncritically generalized traditions marked with a single term of "postmodern anthropology" on the one hand, and "anthropology" on the other. Belgrade SS School did develop globally original, although badly promoted and never fully used, battery for the synchronic analysis of the folklore phenomena, but this was done only after

  12. Transylvanianism, Nationalism, Folklore: The Academic Career of Olga Nagy in the Light of her Posthumous Book, Vallomások (2010

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    Kata Zsófia Vincze

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The volume Vallomások [‘Testimony’], published posthumously in 2010, is the folklorist Olga Nagy’s (1921-2006 last book. In this paper I will analyze Nagy’s academic significance in the light of her own last self reflection presented in Vallomások. This volume provides an exciting overview of the internal dynamics of East-Central European culture and interethnic relations. While I examine Nagy’s life work, especially her academic work on rural women and her new ideas regarding the alive folklore, I will also reflect on the ideology of so called Transylvanianism that constitutes the framework of many Hungarian writings from Romania. Transylvanianism is a complex ideology rooted in the Hungarian national movement of the nineteenth century, one that later turned into a complex manifestation of the Hungarian minorities in Romania through literature, culture, politics and self-definition. Elaborated by writers, historians and journalists, Transylvanianism after 1918—and even more vehemently after 1947—aimed to preserve and reinforce Hungarian national pride and identity in the region through cultural activities, education and political action.

  13. “Tá cuid de na mná blasta/Some Women Are Sweet Talkers”: Representations of Women in Seán Ó hEochaidh’s Field Diaries for the Irish Folklore Commission

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    Lillis Ó Laoire

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses representations of women in diaries written by  Seán Ó hEochaidh as part of his work as a field collector for the Irish Folklore Commission (1935-1971. Focusing on a number of well-described events and characters, the article reveals the collector’s attitude to women as they emerge from his writing. It also shows how women could help or hinder his collecting work. The disparities of the lives of a number of working women from Donegal during the period are also highlighted.

  14. FOLKLORE ELEMENTS IN BEDRİ RAHMİ EYUBOGLU’S POEMS BEDRİ RAHMİ EYÜBOĞLU’NUN ŞİİRLERİNDE HALK BİLİMİ UNSURLARI

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    Bahar DOĞAN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to figure out the folklore elements in Eyuboglu’s poems. Thus, his poem books Dol Karabakır Dol and Karadut were examined. In this study, research model was used. In interpreting the results of the study 25 items which were classified by Ornek in his book “Turk Halk Bilimi”, were used.The examples in Eyuboglu’s poems includes village,town and city life; folk architecture; vecihles and transportation technics; ecomomic type; classic folk-economy; nutrition, cuisine, storeroom; measurement, weighing and calculating methods; folk arts and handmade craft; folklore; folk believes, customs and traditions; transition period; stereotyped behaves and expression; folk literature; folk dance; folk music and folk musical instruments.The poet in his pems give place to folk songs and folk arts enormously. The poets who says “ Whenever I hear a village song , I feel shame of my poesy’’ aslo give places to beauty of his country. Occasionally usuing local accents in his poems makes him a simple one from the public.According to this study giving place Eyuboglu’s poems in the textbooks can be an important step for growing up persons who have versatile personality. Bu araştırma Bedri Rahmi Eyüboğlu’nun şiirlerindeki halk bilimi unsurlarını belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Bu doğrultuda Eyüboğlu’nun Dol Karabakır Dol ve Karadut şiir kitapları incelenmiştir. Araştırmada tarama modeli kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen bulguların yorumlanmasında Örnek’in, Türk Halk Bilimi kitabında halk biliminin çalışma konularını sınıflandırdığı yirmi beş madde kullanılmıştır.Eyüboğlu’nun şiirlerinde köy, kasaba ve kent yaşamı; halk mimarisi; taşıtlar ve taşıma teknikleri; ekonomi türleri; halk ekonomisi; beslenme, mutfak, kiler; ölçme, tartma, hesaplama biçimleri; halk sanatları ve zanaatları; halk bilgisi; halk inançları, töreler, adetler, gelenek ve görenekler; geçiş d

  15. POLTERGEIST PHENOMENA IN CONTEMPORARY FOLKLORE

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    Oana VOICHICI

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with instances of the supernatural in Romanian urban legends, namely what we call the strigoi , or poltergeist. Usually, folklorists tend to exclude the supernatural f rom the category of urban legends, however we have decided to take these accounts into consideration based on the fact that the transmitter, the narrators do not distinguish between these elements and the rest of contemporary legends and today’s popular cu lture abounds in such accounts.

  16. POLTERGEIST PHENOMENA IN CONTEMPORARY FOLKLORE

    OpenAIRE

    Oana VOICHICI

    2017-01-01

    The article deals with instances of the supernatural in Romanian urban legends, namely what we call the strigoi , or poltergeist. Usually, folklorists tend to exclude the supernatural f rom the category of urban legends, however we have decided to take these accounts into consideration based on the fact that the transmitter, the narrators do not distinguish between these elements and the rest of contemporary legends and today’s popular cu lture abounds in such accounts.

  17. Discovering Folklore Through Community Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumpter, Magdalena Benavides, Ed.

    The folkways and cultural heritage of the Mexican Americans of South Texas are explored in this volume which is designed to provide the student with the opportunity for cultural enrichment, oral language development, and vocabulary expansion. The first chapter deals with "Creencias" which are common beliefs handed down from generation to…

  18. Declaraciones patrimoniales, turismo y conocimientos locales: Posibilidades de los estudios del folklore para el caso de las ferias en la quebrada de Humahuaca (Jujuy-Argentina Patrimony Statements, Tourism and Local Knowledge: Folklore Studies Posibilities in Quebrada de Humahuaca Fairs Case (Jujuy - Argentina

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    Liliana Bergesio

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La Quebrada de Humahuaca se encuentra en la porción central de la provincia de Jujuy (al noroeste de la República Argentina y su poblamiento ronda los 11.000 años de antigüedad. Esta región fue declarada en el año 2003 por la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura (UNESCO como "Patrimonio Cultural y Natural de la Humanidad". A partir de esa fecha se incrementó el desarrollo de circuitos turísticos de aventura y culturales. Esta declaración le dio un nuevo impulso a la Quebrada de Humahuaca en el mercado nacional e internacional del turismo. Y el auge de este último en la zona generó que cada pueblo buscara sus propias alternativas para atraer visitantes. Entre las estrategias más comunes está la realización de ferias y fiestas que buscan destacar características locales particulares. En este trabajo proponemos analizar el caso de la localidad de Coctaca (Departamento de Humahuaca y un evento que allí se realiza, en el mes de febrero, el cual incluye la Feria "Los Sabores de la Historia", el "Encuentro de Mujeres Andinas" y la "Serenata a los Andenes de Cultivo". El objetivo del trabajo es plantear las posibilidades que aportan los estudios del folklore para articular en el análisis temas como lo local y global; lo cultural y económico; los productores con sus productos y el turismo con sus demandas y expectativas.Quebrada de Humahuaca is set in the central portion of the Jujuy Province (Northwest of Argentinian Republic and it has been inhabited approximately by 11.000 years. In 2003 this region was declared "Cultural and Natural Patrimony of Mandkind" by The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO. From that date the cultural and adventure tourism circuits development increased. This statement gave new impetus to Quebrada de Humahuaca in the national and international tourism market. And the rise of the latter in the area generated each little town to

  19. Mevlana’nın Menkıbeleri Üzerine Folklorik Bir İnceleme A Folkloric Analysis on the Legends of Mevlana

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    Gülay KARAMAN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available behavior to be proud of. Its plural form menakıb for the first time in this meaning, is used in the corpus of hadith which had been written and compiled by IXth century to describe the virtues of prophet Muhammed and his companians. Furthermore, writings consist of the biography of historical personages, the description of works of worthies and even some of the holy cities are also called menakıb. While at the begining menakıbnames were created in order to describe high moral values of both the prophet Muhammed and his companians in later periods, the lives of some important men of sufism and religious orders were also added to this account. The first known example of Türkish menakıbname literature is Tezkire-i Satuk Buğra Han which is from Karahanlı period. Turkish menakıbname literature that begun with Tezkire-i Satuk Buğra Han, also continued to spread quickly among the Muslim Turks came to Anatolia and settled by migrations. Since the author is a member of his own society naturally his work will be a mirror to social, cultural, economical, political life of its century. For this reason, menakıbnames which tell the extraordinary life stories of saints are very important sources of information especially for history, culture, folklore and literature. After careful studies on the legends it can be possible to reach very rich source of information. In Türkiye, Fuad Köprülü is the first name with his work called as Türk Edebiyatında İlk Mutasavvıflar who pointed out using menakıbnames in scientific studies. In this study we want to call attention to Menâkıbu’l-Ârifîn which tells the legends of Mevlana and the other Mevlevi saints. Menâkıbu’l-Ârifîn is written by Mevlevi Ahmed Eflâkî in 14th century after the request of his sheik Ulu Arif Çelebi in Persian. This menakıbname has a certain place in Turkish history and culture since it gives first-hand information about Mevlana and the other Mevlevi saints. In this

  20. O papel do folclore na motivação para atividades físicas de idosas The role of folklore in the motivation for physical activity of elderly

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    Berta Leni Costa Cardoso

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Existem muitos relatos sobre os benefícios biológicos da atividade física em idosos. Porém, o número de praticantes ainda não é satisfatório. Esse ponto controverso foi usado no presente artigo. Pesquisou-se sobre o uso do folclore local como um mecanismo educacional e motivacional útil no aumento da prática de atividades físicas para idosas. Foram entrevistadas idosas do Clube da Amizade em Caetité - BA, que foram motivadas e estimuladas pela dança. Este artigo também usou as reflexões de Paulo Freire, que admite o uso da cultura e contexto de vida pessoal como o mais importante meio de motivação e de educação. Os resultados provaram que é positivo o uso deste citado processo motivacional em estimular idosas nas suas aulas de educação física. Elas relataram que se sentem muito motivadas durante as aulas de dança enquanto podem escutar músicas que as fazem lembrar de seu passado, cultura e valores morais.There are many reports about the biological benefits of the physical activity in older individuals. However the number of physically active elderly is still not satisfactory. This controversial point was used in the present article. It searches if the use of the local folklore as an educating and motivating mechanism was useful for increasing physical activity practices in older individuals. Individuals from "Clube da Amizade" in Caetité city, Bahia (Brazil were interviewed to assess how folkloric dance was used to motivate them in physical education classes. This article also uses the Paulo Freire reflections that admit the use of regional cultural aspects and the life context as the most import strategy to teach and motivate the participants. The results indicated that is positive to use this referred motivational process to stimulate old ladies in the physical education classes. The interviewed ladies reported that they feel very stimulate during dance classes while they listen to music that makes them to remember

  1. The Manager's Job: Folklore and Fact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintzberg, Henry

    1975-01-01

    Contrasts popular myths about managers' duties with the facts, as indicated by various studies of managers and how they function. The author argues that managers often have distorted views of their role, and that they must first recognize what their job really involves in order to perform it effectively. (JG)

  2. The Value in Verifying Medical Folklore

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    Dennis J. Baumgardner

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Citing a related article published within this issue of the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews, the author opines on why traditional ideas regarding human health can persist over decades, and even centuries, despite a lack of scientifically accumulated evidence. It is important to keep in mind that some commonly accepted truths are supported by little to no factual data, and that occasionally patients may benefit from clarification on what is (or, often, is not actually known about longstanding “rules of thumb” (eg, certain home remedies, disease-prevention measures or behavioral concerns. On the flip side, traditions that are shown to be not harmful, like drinking chicken soup to relieve cold symptoms, may be safely indulged regardless of effectiveness.

  3. AHP 10: Folklore: Bear and Rabbit (I

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    G.yu lha གཡུ་ལྷ།

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available G.yu Iha writes: I recorded this folktale from Thub bstan (b. 1936, the reincarnate lama in Siyuewu Village (Puxi Township, Rangtang County, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province when I visited him in the winter of 2009-2010. Thub bstan learned this folktale from his mother. I heard this tale when I was around six years old from my great grandfather when my family was having dinner near the stove one evening.

  4. Folklore tourism: a case study Chodsko

    OpenAIRE

    Opička, Radek

    2013-01-01

    The objective of bacalary work is to demarcate a Chodsko region for using in tourism sphere with the conservation of etnographic aspect of region. It is there dealing with a question of tourist profile, tourist behaviour and his influence to local environment. A socio- cultural environment is threated through negative tourism phenomenons and processes. Positive tourism phenomenons and processes reinforce a socio-cultural environment and help to keep a local traditions. The top of influence of...

  5. Multiculturalism: Beyond Food, Festival, Folklore, and Fashion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Calvin F.; Rhoades, Elizabeth Kelley

    2006-01-01

    Despite overall trends toward increasing student diversity, geographic areas in the United States vary widely in their ethnic composition. In areas where the population is predominately European American, grasping a realistic meaning of "multiculturalism" can be difficult. Often, interpretations of the concept result in a mix of…

  6. The folklore medicinal orchids of Sikkim

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    Ashok Kumar Panda

    2013-01-01

    Results and Conclusion: We found that 36 species of orchids are used as medicines for different purposes of health. The botanical and ayurvedic name, phenology, parts used and medicinal uses of 36 orchids are presented in this paper along with its local distribution.

  7. Sonidos de un Chile profundo: Hacia un análisis crítico del Archivo Sonoro de Música Tradicional Chilena en relación a la conformación del folclore en Chile Sounds from the Depth of Chile: Toward a Critical Analysis of the Sound Archive of Chilean Traditional Music as regards the establishing of Folklore in Chile

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    Mariana León Villagra

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available La revisión del proceso de rescate patrimonial del Archivo Sonoro de Música Tradicional permite criticar los conceptos de patrimonio e identidad pertinentes, a la luz de la actual situación de las músicas locales y tradicionales en el contexto globalizado de las tecnologías digitales. Según esta perspectiva, es necesario recrear la historia del desarrollismo cultural chileno de la década de los 40 y de los 50, mediante el análisis de la construcción de la identidad nacional bajo el concepto de folclore. Al poner en valor estas músicas y sonoridades tradicionales, fortalecemos la presencia de las identidades locales en la cultura chilena, destacando su importancia para una democratización real de las políticas culturales del estado.The process of rescueing from destruction the patrimonial legacy contained in the Sound Archive of Chilean Traditional Music serves as a basis for a critical review of the concepts of identity and patrimony within the current situation of traditional and local musics in the worldwide context of digital technologies. According to this perspective, it is necessary to review the history of the Chilean cultural development of the 40's and 50's, focusing on the construction of a national identity based on the concept of folklore. Ifthe value of these traditional musics and sounds is brought to light it is possible to strengthen the presence of local identities in the Chilean culture, thus emphasizing their importance for cultural state policies aiming to be truly democratic.

  8. Indiana Underground Railroad Folklore: Western Route and Daviess County.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelton, Lois G.

    Materials for teaching a unit about the Underground Railroad (the system set up to assist fleeing, runaway slaves heading north) in Indiana are presented. Specifically, the Western Route that passed through Daviess County in Indiana is examined. The materials provide background on the Underground Railroad and the Western Route, plans for teaching…

  9. I La Galigo Folklore Illustration on Textile Media

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    Yosepin Sri Ningsih

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This project was an effort in conserving the I La Galigo epic story while at the same time adding value to silk, the famous textile product from South Sulawesi and the origin of I La Galigo. As a work of literature, I La Galigo is categorized as an epic. It is known locally as Sureq Galigo in Bugis. It is divided in a number of episodes or tereng. The most well-known tereng is the one which describes the relationship between Sawerigading and a princess called I We Cudai. From that relationship I La Galigo, the central character of this epic is born. For this project six of the most well-known episodes were selected because of the amount of available supporting data, both theoretical and visual. The selected episodes were translated from their original narrative form into visual language or images. The illustration technique used in this project was STP (Space Time Plane. With this technique every object is drawn from varying viewpoints in one frame, both in space and time. Hand embroidery was added to the painted images. The silk painting can be used as an interior element with value added by the I La Galigo illustrations. Keywords: I La Galigo; epic; Sulawesi; illustration; silk painting; space time plane.

  10. Folklore in bureaucracy code: Running a music event

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    Krstanović-Lukić Miroslava

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A music folk-created piece of work is a construction expressed as a paradigm part of a set in the bureaucracy system and the public arena. Such a work is a mechanical concept, which defines inheritance as a construction of authenticity saturated with elements of folk, national culture. It is also a subject of certain conventions in the system of regulations; namely, it is a part of the administrative code. The usage of the folk created work as a paradigm and legislations is realized through an organizational apparatus that is, it becomes entertainment, a spectacle. This paper analyzes the functioning of the organizational machinery of a folk spectacle, starting with the government authorities, local self-management and the spectacle's administrative committees. To illustrate this phenomenon, the paper presents the development of a trumpet playing festival in Dragačevo. This particular festival establishes a cultural, economic and political order with a clear and defined division of power. The analysis shows that the folk event in question, through its programs and activities, represents a scene and arena of individual and group interests. Organizational interactions are recognized in binary oppositions: sovereignty/dependency official/unofficial, dominancy/ subordination, innovative/inherited common/different, needed/useful, original/copy, one's own/belonging to someone else.

  11. Le monstre du Loch Ness : entre science et folklore

    OpenAIRE

    Fairise, Nicolas

    2002-01-01

    Depuis sa première véritable observation alléguée en 1933 jusqu'à nos jours, le monstre du loch Ness n'a cessé de défrayer la chronique. Cette fameuse créature est ainsi devenue l'un des rares mythes zoologiques modernes. Dans un premier temps, la présente étude s'intéresse au lac lui-même, notamment sur les plans géophysique et biologique, afin de donner des éléments de description concernant le cadre souvent méconnu d'une des énigmes les plus médiatisées du siècle dernier. Tantôt anecdotiqu...

  12. Anticestodal Efficacy of Folklore Medicinal Plants of Naga Tribes in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Moderate activity was recorded for the leaves of Clerodendrum colebrookianum, Lasia spinosa and Centella asiatica, while Curcuma longa, Cinnamomum cassia, Gynura angulosa, Lasia spinosa (stem) and Aloe vera revealed a negligible degree of anticestodal activity. Key Words: Anticestodal Efficacy, Naga Tribes, India, ...

  13. Rainsticks: Integrating Culture, Folklore, and the Physics of Sound

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moseley, Christine; Fies, Carmen

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this activity is for students to build a rainstick out of materials in their own environment and imitate the sound of rain while investigating the physical principles of sound. Students will be able to relate the sound produced by an instrument to the type and quantity of materials used in its construction.

  14. The place of Urhobo folklore in Tanure Ojaide's poetry | Ojaruega ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    From legendary personages such as Ogiso, Arhuaran, Aminogbe, Ayayughe, Ogidigbo through the fauna and flora of the iroko, akpobrisi, uwara, eyareya, to the incorporation of folk songs and modelling of poems on the udje genre, Ojaide uses orature to establish a cultural identity and a common humanity for his work.

  15. Folklore and identity : the situation of Latvia / Aldis Putelis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Putelis, Aldis

    1997-01-01

    Läti rahvaluule kogumisest ja publitseerimisest: Krisjanis Baronsi (1835-1923) koostatud rahvalaulude kogu (1894-1915). 1920.-1930. a-tel levinud läti rahvusliku usu dievtur︡ba ühest populariseerijast Ernests Brastinsist (1892-1940?)

  16. Folklore Studies on Birth Related Customs within the Banat Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexin Otilia Daniela

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Birth is perceived as a threshold, a milestone, and is best described as passing from one stage to another and from one status to another. This article aims to present the customs regarding the birth of a child, as they were preserved in the Banat folk mentality: the origin of the midwife and her role as mediator, the belief in the unfailing destiny foreseen by the book of fate, the rite of the first bath having a huge importance for the future of the child and a series of magic and religious acts meant to ward off the Evil forces that intend to harm the child and to restore the balance.

  17. Antimicrobial activities of medicinal plants used in folklore remedies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In south-western part of Nigeria Psidium guajava and Mangifera indica are commonly used for herbal preparations in the treatment of toothache, gastrointestinal disorders, dynsentery, diarrhoea, sore gums and sore throats. This has, therefore, led to the investigation of the antimicrobial activities of methanolic extracts of P.

  18. Elements of characterology in folklore music of Dinaric area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenjalović Milorad

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dinaric type of man, with all its anthropological, genetic and psychological characteristics presents an orthodox example of patriarchal upbringing and tradition. Regardless of their patriarchalism and apparent insensitivity to other people, in almost every element of their intellectual work (music, dance, sazings, etc. the fleshly and instinctive, that had to be satisfied regardless of all bans and restraints, and the message doubtless confirms that he did live in accordance with instincts, but at the same time he had to respect criteria of patriarchal moral. In this work the autors cite several songs from this area and analyze it from the perspective of psychology and characterology, finding the elements of love joy and sorrow, cure, passion, women shyness, etc.

  19. Cognitive “Boy stories”: urban folklore and urban topographies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Žikić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The culturally cognitive perception of Belgrade’s topographies is considered through its deployment, symbolic use and narrative foundation. As the explanatory material-one football-media incident, the use of certain areas of the city in a spectacleceremonial manner, knowledge and lore of certain elements of the Belgrade topographies and the organization of «the football Belgrade»-were considered. The attitude is taken that the topography of a city is a multifaceted cultural constituent, whose structure of particular meaning, as a part of cultural communication, is determined by the very fact it is an urban space. Physical aspects of spatial-ness are reduced to relationism, i.e. it has a meaning for the cultural communication only when the elements of urban topographies are brought into correlation. Other characteristics of physical spatial-ness are irrelevant for such communication. Meaning relations in which elements of urban topographies exist are formed on the very fact of them being urban, that is, the afore mentioned denotation that is ascribed to space, stems from those cultural features and artifacts that are associated in a given milieu with certain concrete elements of urban topographies.

  20. 2016 International Orthoptic Congress Burian Lecture: Folklore or Evidence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horwood, Anna M

    2017-09-01

    The theme of the 2016 Burian Lecture is how our understanding of strabismus has been changed by the research carried out in our laboratory in Reading over the years. Accommodation and convergence are fundamental to orthoptics, but actual responses have often been very different compared to what we had expected. This paper outlines how our laboratory's understanding of common issues such as normal development of accommodation and convergence, their linkage, intermittent strabismus, anisometropia, orthoptic exercises, and risk factors for strabismus have changed. A new model of thinking about convergence and accommodation may help us to better understand and predict responses in our patients.

  1. African American Physical Education Folklore Surrounding School Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodruff, Elizabeth A.; Curtner-Smith, Matthew D.

    2015-01-01

    Transferring from elementary to secondary school can be difficult for many children, and students making this transition often suffer from anxiety and stress. One source of stress can be found in the scary stories transitioning pupils hear about their new schools, particularly those about physical education and sport. The purpose of this study was…

  2. IMAGE OF »THE TURK« IN SLOVENE FOLKLORE

    OpenAIRE

    Anja Mlakar

    2015-01-01

    Legends about the time of the Turkish raids form an important and substantial part of the Slovene oral traditions. A closer examination of their content reveals a mixture of mythologized historical events from the time of the Turkish raids that are preserved in the Slovene collective memory (thou influenced by different ideological agendas), elements that are in their core mythological and use the time of the Turkish raids more or less as a chronological frame, and elements that ex-press the ...

  3. Aportes materiales y psicoafectivos del negro en el folklore colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Zapata Olivella

    1967-06-01

    Full Text Available La mayoría de los países latinoamericanos se han conformado por los aportes básicos de las culturas indígena, hispánica y africana. El grado de este mestizaje varía en unos y otros, según la importancia de los grupos étnicos. En Colombia, el equilibrio cultural no siempre corresponde a la mezcla de las razas.

  4. China's Namuyi Tibetans: Life, Language, and Folklore Volume Two

    OpenAIRE

    Libu Lakhi; Tsering Bum; Charles Kevin Stuart; James A Matisoff (Introduction)

    2010-01-01

    This remarkable book is the product of a fruitful collaboration among a native speaker of the Namuyi language, Tibetan and Chinese consultants, and a dedicated group of Westerners resident in China. It affords the reader an intimate glimpse into traditional Namuyi, now well on its way to disappearing along with hundreds of similar minority cultures in the world. The authors of this book are to be congratulated for putting Namuyi language and culture 'on the map' in such a clear and respectful...

  5. An Interpretation of Two Oromo Folklore Genres Integrated to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-09-01

    Sep 1, 2015 ... experience of the children prior to integrate them with language skills to be taught is ... embed on democratic culture to develop the ... necessarily the appreciation of music, but ..... movement caused by pushing the "Baarree".

  6. Description of an injury in a human caused by a false tocandira (Dinoponera gigantea, Perty, 1833 with a revision on folkloric, pharmacological and clinical aspects of the giant ants of the genera Paraponera and Dinoponera (sub-family Ponerinae Descrição de injúria humana causada por falsa tocandira (Dinoponera gigantea, Perty, 1833 com revisão dos aspectos folclóricos, farmacológicos e clínicos das formigas gigantes do gênero Paraponera e Dinoponera (sub-família Ponerinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vidal Haddad Junior

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available The authors observed an injury caused by the sting of a false tocandira ant in the hand of an amateur fisherman and they describe the clinical findings and the evolution of the envenoming, which presented an acute and violent pain, cold sweating, nausea, a vomiting episode, malaise, tachycardia and left axillary's lymphadenopathy. About three hours after the accident, still feeling intense pain in the place of the sting, he presented an episode of great amount of blood in the feces with no history of digestive, hematological or vascular problems. The intense pain decreased after eight hours, but the place stayed moderately painful for about 24 hours. In that moment, he presented small grade of local edema and erythema. The authors still present the folkloric, pharmacological and clinical aspects related to the tocandiras stings, a very interesting family of ants, which presents the largest and more venomous ants of the world.A partir de um acidente causado pela picada de uma formiga falsa tocandira na mão de um pescador amador, os autores descrevem os achados clínicos locais observados, tais como edema, eritema e dor excruciante e a evolução do envenenamento, que cursou com fenômenos sistêmicos imediatos, como sudorese fria, náuseas, vômitos, mal estar, taquicardia e linfadenopatia axilar à esquerda. Após três horas, a dor intensa persistia e o paciente apresentou um episódio de hematoquesia, sem história anterior de enfermidades do trato digestivo, hematológicas ou vasculares. O uso de analgésicos (Tramal® 300 mg/dia, água quente e gelo não melhorou a dor, que arrefeceu em oito horas, tendo permanecido por cerca de 24 horas. São apresentados ainda os aspectos folclóricos, farmacológicos e clínicos relacionados às picadas de tocandiras.

  7. Sarna Devī: feste di primavera, folklore e sostenibilità nelle tradizioni del Jharkhand

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    Stefano Beggiora

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the Chota Nagpur plateau, in India, the worship of Sarna Devi (sarnaism seems today to unite in a sort of brotherhood many indigenous ethnic groups of the state of Jharkhand. Guardian of the boundaries of villages, Sarna is the goddess of the sacred grove and preside over the good harvest. The present work consists in an ethnographical analysis of the major spring festivals - and related rituals - widespread among the most populous indigenous peoples (ādivāsī of Jharkhand, with particular reference to Santals and Oraons. By reconstructing a comprehensive overview of the cultural relations among the ethnic groups, I emphasize how religious prescriptions and local shamanism share a common message of sustainability and equilibrium between man and the nature. The essay includes translations of verses, sacred liturgies, songs, employed in the celebration of the goddess and her environment.

  8. Ghostly possession and real estate : the dead in contemporary Estonian folklore / Ülo Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Ülo, 1962-

    2006-01-01

    Vaimudest üldises, sotsiaalses ja ajaloolises kontekstis, surnute tagasipöördumisest ja nende mõjust tänapäeva inimestele. Artikkel põhineb eesti saartel tehtud intervjuudele, kus uuriti kodude mahajätmist ja sealt väljaajamist seoses nõukogude süsteemiga ning sellega seotud kummituslugusid

  9. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE COLOR GREEN IN SNAKE STORIES IN AMERICAN LITERATURE AND FOLKLORE

    OpenAIRE

    Spetter, Linda Kinsey

    2010-01-01

    In Willa Cather’s most important novel, My Ántonia, the killing of a rattlesnake marks the coming of age of the young man Jimmy. Before this incident, he had been regarded as a mere boy by Ántonia, but afterwards, she perceived him with respect as a young man. In the snake-killing scene, the poison was described as “a thread of green liquid,” although in actuality, rattlesnake venom is whitish yellow, not green. The idea that snake venom is green is well rooted in A...

  10. Artemisinins from folklore to modern medicine--transforming an herbal extract to life-saving drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weina, P J

    2008-06-01

    The history of the artemisinins from Ge Hong in China during the 4th century, to the re-discovery of the qing hao derivatives in the 1970s, to the explosion of artemisinin derivatives and combinations throughout the world today is a fascinating story. The central and underappreciated role of the United States Army's 'drug company' known as the Division of Experimental Therapeutics at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research is a story worth relating. From being the first group outside China to extract the active component of qing hao, to leading the work on neurotoxicity of the class in animals, to bringing a Good Manufacturing Practices intravenous formulation to the worldwide market is traced.

  11. Ethnomedicinal review of folklore medicinal plants belonging to family Apiaceae of Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ikram, A.; Zahra, N.B.

    2015-01-01

    The use of herbs for therapeutic purpose is as old as human history. In Pakistan a major part of population is dependent on the traditional medicine derived from plants for primary health care system. The interest in the use of traditional system of medicine has gained popularity globally. The developed countries are shifting their focus to further research based on the indigenous knowledge collected from aboriginal people. The present study reviews the ethno-medicinal uses of family Apiaceae reported from Pakistan. Out of 167 species reported from Pakistan, 66 are found to be used medicinally. Most commonly treated disorders by use of Apiaceae herbal flora are gastrointestinal tract and liver disorders (28%) followed by cough, cold and respiratory tract problems (11%). The plant parts frequently used are roots (22%) followed by whole plant material (19%), leaf material (18%), fruit (13%), seed (12%), stem, flower, aerial parts (5%) and sap (1%). It is suggested to carry out similar studies for other families to explore the indigenous knowledge for the development of commercial products and to collectively document the scattered existing knowledge. (author)

  12. Folklore in Zora Neale Hurston's "Their Eyes Were Watching God." [Lesson Plan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002

    Zora Neale Hurston's work is lively, lyrical, funny, and poignant, but this consummate literary craftsperson was also a first-rate ethnographer, conducting field work for Franz Boas and for the Works Progress Administration (WPA). "Their Eyes Were Watching God," often acclaimed as Hurston's masterpiece, is perhaps the richest beneficiary…

  13. Nenets folklore in Russian : the movement of culture in forms and languages / Karina Lukin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukin, Karina

    2008-01-01

    Arutletakse folkloorse materjali autentsuse üle käsitledes neenetsite rahvaluuleteaduse ajalugu ning uurides selle kahte paradigmat, niinimetatud soome-ugri paradigmat ja nõukogude teaduste paradigmat

  14. SEVERAL REPRESENTATIONS OF THE FOREIGNER IN ROMANIAN POPULAR EPICS NOTES FOR A FOLKLORIC IMAGOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina Daniela POPESCU

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available From the perspective of the anthropology of space, the problem of perception and representation of the alien remains a fertile subject of research, nevertheless inevitably interfering with imagology, in the sense assigned to the concept of image as any representation of a cultural r eality through which the individual or the group translate the cultural, social, ideological space in which they are located Identity does not justify an existence in itself, but only in relation to alterity The imagological perspective of the foreigner in Romanian traditional culture proves rich in categories of representation dictated inevitably by reference to spatiality

  15. “The Birds of Clay”: An Apocryphal Motif in Folklore Legends

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    Olga V. Belova

    2015-08-01

    The fairly large group of folk legends with apocryphal motifs, occurring in different Slavic traditions from the 19th to the 21st centuries, thus testifies not only to the continued relevance of the biblical plots for oral culture, but also to the importance of the Apocrypha for the broadcasting and preservation of biblical stories in the folk tradition.

  16. It Is Not Just Folklore: The Aqueous Extract of Mung Bean Coat Is Protective against Sepsis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu Zhu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Mung bean (Vigna Radiata has been traditionally used in China both as nutritional food and herbal medicine against a number of inflammatory conditions since the 1050s. A nucleosomal protein, HMGB1, has recently been established as a late mediator of lethal systemic inflammation with a relatively wider therapeutic window for pharmacological interventions. Here we explored the HMGB1-inhibiting capacity and therapeutic potential of mung bean coat (MBC extract in vitro and in vivo. We found that MBC extract dose-dependently attenuated LPS-induced release of HMGB1 and several chemokines in macrophage cultures. Oral administration of MBC extract significantly increased animal survival rates from 29.4% (in saline group, N=17 mice to 70% (in experimental MBC extract group, N=17 mice, P<0.05. In vitro, MBC extract stimulated HMGB1 protein aggregation and facilitated both the formation of microtubule-associatedprotein-1-light-chain-3-(LC3-containing cytoplasmic vesicles, and the production of LC3-II in macrophage cultures. Consequently, MBC extract treatment led to reduction of cellular HMGB1 levels in macrophage cultures, which was impaired by coaddition of two autophagy inhibitors (bafilomycin A1 and 3-methyladenine. Conclusion. MBC extract is protective against lethal sepsis possibly by stimulating autophagic HMGB1 degradation.

  17. Where Language Touches the Earth: Folklore and Ecology in Tohono O'odham Plant Emergence Narratives

    OpenAIRE

    Hughes, Jennifer L.

    1996-01-01

    The historical and ecological relationships between the Tohono O'odham and the Sonoran desert landscape are expressed in the stories they tell. The Tohono O'odham have lived in the deserts of southwestern Arizona and northern Mexico for centuries, interacting with their environment and gaining intimate knowledge of desert botanical communities. Many of these interactions are dramatized in their traditional oral narratives. I have characterized those traditional oral narratives that illustrate...

  18. African Diaspora Movement Arts in Philadelphia: A Beginning Resource List. Philadelphia Folklore Project Working Papers #10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown-Danquah, Benita Binta

    This guide provides history, format, contact names, addresses, and phone numbers of some African dance and African American marching units in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania). The working papers are divided into two categories. "Part One: Movements of African Dance in Philadelphia" begins with a sensitive, detailed explanation of the…

  19. Sound experiences: the vision of experimental musician on the folkloric music in modern society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rieko Tanaka

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This work begins narrating how folk music has always been a remnant in the influence on classical composers. It makes special mention of origin Hungarian musicians Bela Bartok, Zoltan Kodaly. This Musicians are considerate in this work as the most immediate ancestors of an experimental musicians northamericans, because both are influenced by their passion for folk music. We select as musicians principals exponents of American experimental music to John Cage, Lou Harrison and Carl Ruggles. Their works will be considered and analyzed in this text as the sounds as the experiences. Composers that will analyze the sound as experience, as feeling, as emotion, as time and origin. related traits in folk music and experimental music. Not forgetting in this work, and in his final considerations, the relationship between the musician, creation, society and art.

  20. The development of folklore, arts and crafts in ukrainian ethnic minorities: trends (1990 – 2000-s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Pekarchuk

    2014-11-01

    Also analyzed a number of activities of the Crimean Tatar, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian professional artistic groups. The test problems were analyzed in terms of their contribution to achieving the political consensus and setting up fruitful contacts in the field of establishing cultural ­ artistic life Ukrainian ethnos.

  1. The Jedi Community : History and Folklore of a Fiction-based Religion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Davidsen, M.A.

    2017-01-01

    The Jedi Community is a loose confederation of groups and individuals who, inspired by George Lucas’ Star Wars movies, have adopted an identity as Jedi Knights. Contrary to Star Wars fans who may occasionally and temporarily play as Jedi, members of the Jedi Community aim to simply be Jedi Knights –

  2. Appraisal of phytochemical and in vitro biological attributes of an unexplored folklore: Rhus Punjabensis Stewart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabassum, Saira; Ahmed, Madiha; Mirza, Bushra; Naeem, Muhammad; Zia, Muhammad; Shanwari, Zabta Khan; Khan, Gul Majid

    2017-03-09

    The role of plants for discovery of therapeutic potential accentuates the need to know their biological attributes. The present study aims to comprehend the biological attributes of Rhus punjabensis, an unexplored traditional medicinal plant. Leaf and stem extracts of R. punjabensis prepared in 11 different organic solvents are evaluated for multimode antioxidant potential, total phenolic and flavonoid contents were determined through colorimetric assays, HPLC-DAD analysis was carried out for quantification of various polyphenols in extracts. Brine shrimp lethality, SRB and MTT assays were used to elucidate plant's cytotoxic and antileishmanial potentials. Disc diffusion assay was used to elucidate the protein kinase inhibitory, antibacterial and antifungal spectrum. Ethanol + ethyl acetate yielded maximum extract recovery from leaf (6.11 ± 1.09% w/w), total phenolic content (80.5 ± 2.18 μg GAE/mg extract) and reducing power potential (165.4 ± 2.29 μg AAE/mg extract). Maximum flavonoid content (30.50 ± 1.11 μg QE/mg extract) and highest DPPH based free radical scavenging activity (IC 50 11.4 ± 2.07) was exhibited by the methanol + chloroform leaf extract. The methanol extract showed maximum total antioxidant capacity (74.5 ± 2.25 μg AAE/mg DW), protein kinase inhibitory (12.5 ± 1.10 bald phenotype at 100 μg/disc) and antifungal (MIC = 25 μg/disc against Aspergillus flavus) potential. Reverse phase HPLC-DAD based quantification reveals presence of gallic acid, apigenin, rutin and catechin in various extracts. Brine shrimp lethality assay demonstrated most extracts as highly cytotoxic (LC 50  < 50 μg/mL) whereas chloroform extract of leaf demonstrated maximuminhibition against human leukemia cell line (IC 50 7.80 ± 0.01 μg/mL). A significant activity against leishmanial promastigotes was demonstrated by n-hexane leaf extract (IC 50  = 15.78 ± 0.15 μg/mL). A better antibacterial activity,by the extracts, against Gram positive strains as compared to Gram negative was observed. Results recommend multiple-solvent system as a critical factor to sumptuous the biological prospective of R. punjabensis and propose it to be a useful natural hub for the discovery of novel antioxidant, anticancer, antileishmanial and antimicrobial agents.

  3. Folkloric Modernism – Venice’s Giardini della Biennale and the Geopolitics of Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel Robinson

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the national pavilions of the Venice Biennale, the largest and longest running exposition of contemporary art. It begins with an investigation of the post-fascist landscape of Venice’s Giardini della Biennale, as its built environment continued to evolve in the decades after 1945, with the construction of several new pavilions. With a view to exploring the architectural infrastructure of an event that has billed itself as ‘international’ from the first decade of the twentieth century, this paper asks how the mapping of national pavilions here might have changed to reflect the supposedly post-colonial and democratic aspirations of the West after the Second World War. Homing in on the nations that gained representation here in the 1950s and 60s, it looks at three of the more interesting architectural additions to the gardens, namely the pavilions for Israel, Canada and Brazil. These are used to raise questions about how national pavilions are mobilized ideologically, but also to explore broader questions about the geopolitical superstructure of the Biennale as an institution.

  4. ON THE VISUAL ORIGINS OF ONE FOLKLORE MOTIF. THE TOMB IN THE CHURCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liudmila V. Fadeyeva

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the influence of Christian iconography on poetic images of Rus- The article examines the influence of Christian iconography on poetic images of Rus sian, Ukrainian, and Belorussian spiritual verses. It claims that the icons that symbolize the Passion of Jesus Christ, both in the Western and Eastern European traditions, are possible sources of images and plots for a spiritual verse “Walking of the Virgin” (“Three Tombs”. The essay specifically focuses on the image of the Holy Sepulcher in Russian spiritual verse and its iconographic sources. It discusses a number of cases from the history of its iconography, from the images of the Holy Sepulcher in the Medieval Catho lic churches to the ones in the Orthodox cathedrals and churches of the second half of thth 17 — the beginning of the 18 century. In spiritual verse, the notion of the “tomb in the church” as part of liturgical practice was related not only to death symbolism. In the verse “Walking of the Virgin,” the image of three tombs, and primarily the tomb of the Virgin, bears on the Western-European poetic tradition and includes images that func tion to deny the idea of the finitude of human existence and reaffirm the idea of eternal life. Flowers and birds over the tomb of the Virgin are emblematic: it is a verbal icon of a kind that corresponds with the final episode of the poem, its climax. This emblem refers to conventional images of the Christian iconography that convey Christian dogmas via a combination of contradictory elements that we see, for example, in the traditional image of the Flourishing Cross.

  5. AHP 2A: China's na53 mʑi 53 Tibetans: Life, Language and Folklore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Libu Lakhi (Li Jianfu 李建富, Dawa Tenzin ཟླ་བ་བསྟན་འཛིན།

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This remarkable book is the product of a fruitful collaboration among a native speaker of na53 mʑi53 kha11 tho11, Tibetan and Chinese consultants, and a dedicated group of Westerners resident in China. It affords the reader an intimate glimpse into traditional na53 mʑi53 life, now well on its way to disappearing along with hundreds of similar minority cultures in the world.

  6. AHP 2B: China's na53 mʑi 53 Tibetans: Life, Language and Folklore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Libu Lakhi (Li Jianfu 李建富, Dawa Tenzin ཟླ་བ་བསྟན་འཛིན།

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This remarkable book is the product of a fruitful collaboration among a native speaker of na53 mʑi53 kha11 tho11, Tibetan and Chinese consultants, and a dedicated group of Westerners resident in China. It affords the reader an intimate glimpse into traditional na53 mʑi53 life, now well on its way to disappearing along with hundreds of similar minority cultures in the world.

  7. [On the "folkloric" psychotherapy to schizophrenic patients--based on phenomenological study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, T; Yamada, Y

    1998-01-01

    Psychotherapeutic treatment of schizophrenia is generally considered difficult. One reason for this is that the doctor and patient can easily fall into a relationship of conflict with each other concerning the propriety of "judgments which are morbidly and mistakenly made (K. Jaspers)", referred to as delusions. We carried out close phenomenological structure-analyses of the delusions and of patients' fundamental experiences, based on the premise that a patient with delusions probably has some actual grounding for these in the patient's own concepts, considering the fact that the patient firmly believes these delusions. As a result, we have clarified the following matters from the primary experience of delusions. 1) We found that patients are in a conflicted mental condition which can be considered a collapse of adaptability to "Seken". 2) In this condition of conflict, patients feel guilt relative to "Seken" or feel that they are indebted and should be punished. When patients complained of their primary experience, we were able to persuade them to reserve their judgment of their primary experience, by 3) having each patient listen to the folktale "Torikuyou" in which the "logic of stealing" and the "logic of being stolen", appear in a reciprocal relationship relative to the constitution of crime and punishment, by 4) explaining to each patient about the ambiguity and reciprocity of reality experienced, 5) instead of disputing the propriety of patient's judgment about primary experience, doctor and patient worked together to enable the patient to form a positive understanding of the primary experience. 6) We reduced the patient's psychological conflict relative to primary experience, and were able to defuse and distance the patient's delusions caused by erroneous judgment of primary experience. 7) Regarding the area in which this type of psychotherapeutic approach shows efficacy, we analyzed the concept of "Seken" as a world which can cause conflicts relative to primary experiences. 8) We also analyzed "Giri" as a norm of "Seken" from which patients misconceive that they have deviated, in addition, 9) from the viewpoints of anthropology and cultural anthropology, we analyzed the bases for "Kotowaza (proverbs)" and "Monogatari (folktale)" such as "Torikuyou", which themselves can show psychotherapeutic efficacy. We consider that the psychotherapeutic approach has previously been developed around the concepts of the "individual" and "society", but we made our psychotherapeutic approach from the concept of "Seken" (yononaka = hito: person) that is a structure with deep strata of tradition and culture in Japan, and have reported its concrete development through the presentation of 3 typical cases of schizophrenia with difficulty in adapting to society due to showing the delusion of persecution in their foreground.

  8. Visual post-folklore in post-soviet space-time / Jelena Grigorjeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grigorjeva, Jelena, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    Võrreldakse nõukogude aja kooliõpikute klassikalist kunsti käsitlevaid illustratsioone ja nende tänapäevaseid paroodiaid internetis - uuritud on, kuidas ideoloogilisi veendumusi ja totalitaarset propagandat parodeeritakse venekeelse keskkonna visuaalses massikultuuris ja tänapäeva folklooris, käsitledes peamiselt neid muutusi veebis ja reklaamis

  9. A phytopharmacological review on Justicia picta (Acanthaceae: A well known tropical folklore medicinal plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradeep Singh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Acanthaceae family is an important source of therapeutic drugs and the ethno pharmacological knowledge of this family requires urgent documentation as several of its species are near extinction. Justicia is the largest genus of Acanthaceae with approximately 600 species. Aim of the present review is to present literature for the traditional uses & pharmacological review of Justicia picta (Family: Acanthaceae and to discuss further priorities of research yet to be discovered.

  10. Die aard en funksie van Zoeloe-folklore in Die ding in die vuur van Riana Scheepers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. H. Taljaard

    1999-04-01

    In the oral narrative tradition, the ugogo (grandmother is the narrator of the story and she tells her stories to the listeners (mostly children to educate them in a very entertaining way, but also to adjure many social evils, symbolized by a variety of characters, such as animals, monsters and tricksters. Riana Scheepers uses the ugogo to create a story within a story in front of the reader's eyes, in other words, she uses the ugogo to create metatextuality. By writing stories, Scheepers also edifies her readers in an entertaining manner and like the ugogo, she adjures many social evils like violence, poverty, chauvinism and racism. By transforming truth into fiction (fictionalization, she makes the harsh realities of life tolerable and in this way protects herself and her readers against the horrific realities of modern life.

  11. AHP 49: 高原民俗及教育研究 STUDIES OF PLATEAU FOLKLORE & EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AHP

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available 本书是《亚洲高原视角(AHP》期刊的首次汉语翻译版,是很多有意者合作的结果,也体现了我们团队合作的力量。书中前言"AHP期刊及其鸣谢" 由才项多杰撰写(第5页);第一章"对《拉卜楞寺》一书的评述"由Christina Kilby Robinson 著(6-9页);第二章"豆后漏藏族村——改发与婚姻"由周毛吉, CK Stuart和Steve Frediani 著,由周毛吉译(10-48页);第三章"循化撒拉族婚礼" 由马伟, 马建忠和CK Stuart著,由赵琳译(49-101页);第四章"被遗弃的山神" 由立穆斯什典著,由旦箭花和尼道斯让译(102-123页);第五章"青藏高原上的传销" 由Devin Gonier和Rgyal yum sgrol ma 著,由朵达拉译(124-144页);第六章"青海东部农村傩祭仪式——民和土族纳顿歌" 由朱永忠和CK Stuart 著,由朱永忠译(145-158页);第七章"民和土族祝酒歌"由朱永忠和 CK Stuart 著,由朱永忠译(159-167页);第八章"情牵相守:三川土族库咕笳歌" 由朱永忠, 祁慧民和CK Stuart 著,由朱永忠译(168-198页)。 Abridged English Translation This is the first AHP volume in the Chinese language, containing the following articles translated from English to Chinese: 1 AHP Preface by Caixiangduojie 2 Review: Labrang Monastery by Christina Kilby Robinson 3 Stag rig Tibetan Village: Hair Changing and Marriage by 'Brug mo skyid, CK Stuart, Alexandru Anton-Luca and Steve Frediani ('Brug mo skyid, translator 4 The Xunhua Salar Wedding by Ma Wei, Ma Jianzhong, and CK Stuart (Zhao Ling, translator 5 An Abandoned Mountain Deity by Limusishiden (Dan Jianua and Nidaosirang, translators 6 Pyramid Schemes on the Tibetan Plateau by Devin Gonier and Rgyal yum sgrol ma (Duodala, translator 7 'Two Bodhisattvas From the East': Minhe Monguor Funeral Orations by Zhu Yongzhong and CK Stuart (Zhu Yongzhong, translator

  12. Appraisal of Total Phenol, Flavonoid Contents, and Antioxidant Potential of Folkloric Lannea coromandelica Using In Vitro and In Vivo Assays

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    Tekeshwar Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the impending antioxidant properties of different extracts of crude methanolic extract (CME of leaves of Lannea coromandelica (L. coromandelica and its two ethyl acetate (EAF and aqueous (AqF subfractions by employing various established in vitro systems and estimation of total phenolic and flavonoid content. The results showed that extract and fractions possessed strong antioxidant activity in vitro and among them, EAF had the strongest antioxidant activity. EAF was confirmed for its highest phenolic content, total flavonoid contents, and total antioxidant capacity. The EAF was found to show remarkable scavenging activity on 2,2-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH (EC50 63.9 ± 0.64 µg/mL, superoxide radical (EC50 8.2 ± 0.12 mg/mL, and Fe2+ chelating activity (EC50 6.2 ± 0.09 mg/mL. Based on our in vitro results, EAF was investigated for in vivo antioxidant assay. Intragastric administration of the EAF can significantly increase levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD, catalase (CAT, glutathione (GSH, and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px levels, and decrease malondialdehyde (MDA content in the liver and kidney of CCl4-intoxicated rats. These new evidences show that L. coromandelica bared antioxidant activity.

  13. Antologia Del Saber Popular: A Selection from Various Genres of Mexican Folklore Across Borders. Monograph No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robe, Stanley L., Ed.

    A variety of oral folk material from Mexican sources is presented in this anthology. The 114 selections are derived from the various genres available and from traditional as well as newer formations. The selections include folktales, jests and anecdotes, legends and beliefs, beliefs about popular medicine, prayers, verses, children's games and…

  14. Applicability of Markets to Global Scheduling in Grids: Critical Examination of General Equilibrium Theory and Market Folklore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakai, Junko; VanDerWijngaart, Rob F.

    2003-01-01

    Markets are often considered superior to other global scheduling mechanisms for distributed computing systems. This claim is supported by: a casual observation from our every-day life that markets successfully equilibrate supply and demand, and the features of markets which originate in the general equilibrium theory, e.g., efficiency and the lack of necessity of 2 central controller. This paper describes why such beliefs in markets are not warranted. It does so by examining the general equilibrium theory, in terms of scope, abstraction, and interpretation. Not only does the general equilibrium theory fail to provide a satisfactory explanation of actual economies, including a computing-resource economy, it also falls short of supplying theoretical foundations for commonly held views of market desirability. This paper also points out that the argument for the desirability of markets involves circular reasoning and that the desirability can be established only vis-a-vis a scheduling goal. Finally, recasting the conclusion of Arrow's Impossibility Theorem as that for global scheduling, we conclude that there exists no market-based scheduler that is rational (in the sense defined in microeconomic theory), takes into account utility of more than one user, and yet yields a Pareto-optimal outcome for arbitrary user utility functions.

  15. Vestido, identidad y folklore. La invención de un vestido nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial

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    Valenciano-Mañé, Alba

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Focussing on clothing viewed as a body practice, this paper attempts to provide an ethnographic overview through the examination of the creation of the national dress of Equatorial Guinea. With a discussion of the importance of the personal motivation of its promoters, the reasons for its alleged failure and the recent attempts in current fashion shows in Malabo to (reproduce identity discourses, this paper also seeks to demonstrate the capacity of dress as a tool for social control, resistance and identity (recreation.

    Situando el vestido como práctica corporal en el centro de la reflexión, el artículo efectúa un recorrido etnográfico por el proceso de creación de un vestido nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial. Se presentará la importancia de la ecuación personal de sus impulsores, los motivos de su fracaso y las recientes tentativas de (reproducción de discursos identitarios en los actuales fashion shows de Malabo. De este modo, se pretende demostrar el potencial del vestido como herramienta de control social, resistencia y (recreación identitaria.

  16. Folk knowledge of invertebrates in Central Europe - folk taxonomy, nomenclature, medicinal and other uses, folklore, and nature conservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulicsni, Viktor; Svanberg, Ingvar; Molnár, Zsolt

    2016-10-11

    There is scarce information about European folk knowledge of wild invertebrate fauna. We have documented such folk knowledge in three regions, in Romania, Slovakia and Croatia. We provide a list of folk taxa, and discuss folk biological classification and nomenclature, salient features, uses, related proverbs and sayings, and conservation. We collected data among Hungarian-speaking people practising small-scale, traditional agriculture. We studied "all" invertebrate species (species groups) potentially occurring in the vicinity of the settlements. We used photos, held semi-structured interviews, and conducted picture sorting. We documented 208 invertebrate folk taxa. Many species were known which have, to our knowledge, no economic significance. 36 % of the species were known to at least half of the informants. Knowledge reliability was high, although informants were sometimes prone to exaggeration. 93 % of folk taxa had their own individual names, and 90 % of the taxa were embedded in the folk taxonomy. Twenty four species were of direct use to humans (4 medicinal, 5 consumed, 11 as bait, 2 as playthings). Completely new was the discovery that the honey stomachs of black-coloured carpenter bees (Xylocopa violacea, X. valga) were consumed. 30 taxa were associated with a proverb or used for weather forecasting, or predicting harvests. Conscious ideas about conserving invertebrates only occurred with a few taxa, but informants would generally refrain from harming firebugs (Pyrrhocoris apterus), field crickets (Gryllus campestris) and most butterflies. We did not find any mythical creatures among invertebrate folk taxa. Almost every invertebrate species was regarded as basically harmful. Where possible, they were destroyed or at least regarded as worth eradicating. However, we could find no evidence to suggest any invertebrate species had suffered population loss as a result of conscious destruction. Sometimes knowledge pertaining to the taxa could have more general relevance, and be regarded as folk wisdom concerning the functioning of nature as a whole. The high number of known invertebrate folk taxa suggests that it would be worth conducting further investigations in other areas of Europe.

  17. FORMATION OF THE JUNIOR SCHOOLCHELDREN ATTITUDE TO THE NATIONAL SONG FOLKLORE BY THE MEANS OF MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGIES

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    A. Vladimirovа

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The national system of education of Ukraine urges music teachers to find and implement new forms and methods of classes that will help to form the national identity by engaging primary school pupils to use multimedia technologies. Formation of aesthetic attitudes of younger scholchildren to national folk song by means of multimedia technologies facilitates more efficient aesthetic, intellectual, moral and spiritual development, attracting children to creative research through solving problems of research and creative nature, more fully disclosing their natural inclinations. At present stage of the sstorage of folk song information are reproduced by the computer disks, electronic textbooks , which positively affects on the development of a coherent national cultural identity, its tastes, musical and aesthetic upbringing and acts as a favorable condition and an additional incentive for assimilation of knowledge in both educational processes of the school and in the distance . The introduction of multimedia and distance learning technologies in the classroom practice of music helps to combine didactic function of computer and traditional ways and means of education , enriches and adds to the educational process of an elementary school with new forms of work that promotes more efficient assimilation of musical training material, national folk song, customs and traditions of the Ukrainian people

  18. La integración del videojuego educativo con el folklore. Una propuesta de aplicación en Educación Primaria

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    Sonsoles Ramos Ahijado

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se centra en una experiencia de innovación en Educación Primaria que forma parte del trabajo práctico de la asignatura Música y nuevas tecnologías del Grado en maestro de Educación Primaria impartida en la Escuela Universitaria de Educación y Turismo de Ávila (Universidad de Salamanca, enmarcada en el programa Prácticas de campo. Modalidad II (2015/2016_OP4 del Campus de Excelencia Internacional Studii Salamantini. Consiste en la aplicación del videojuego La granja musical a 46 alumnos de primero y segundo de Educación Primaria del CEIP Santa Ana de Ávila con la finalidad de recuperar la tradición popular del pasado, interpretarla en el presente y proyectarla hacia las nuevas generaciones del futuro, para familiarizar a los alumnos con sus raíces folklóricas. Los resultados demuestran un alto grado de consecución de los objetivos planteados, junto con una participación significativa de elementos innovadores, tanto en la vertiente de las estrategias didácticas como en la relativa a los recursos tecnológicos empleados.

  19. Amateur photography in Mexico: Club Fotográfico de México and the presence of folklorization in the construction of Mexico’s national identity - 1950

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    Priscila Miraz de Freitas Grecco

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this study, we present Club Fotográfico de México, an institution that focuses on amateur photography in Mexico city, in the first years of its operation, in the 1950s. We understand that photo clubs are a path to be explored by photography history, from the moment they are presented as social spaces in which several issues that involve the practice and theory of photographic image can be observed, from the photograph statute to the country’s propagandistic image. In this sense, Club Fotográfico de México had a central role in the construction of a ‘folklorized’ image of the country and its popular culture and landscapes, thus contributing to consolidate a pro-government identity model, mainly through its guidelines for the creation of photographic image, leading amateur photographers from their choices of topics, going through the techniques and aesthetics that may be used to photograph the country, its landscapes, its culture, and its people.   Keywords: Amateur photography; Photo clubs; Mexico; Mexicanidad.   Original title: A fotografia amadora no México: Club Fotográfico de México e a presença da folclorização na construção da identidade nacional mexicana - 1950.

  20. Analyzing the interaction of a herbal compound Andrographolide from Andrographis paniculata as a folklore against swine flu (H1N1

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    Chandrabhan Seniya

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To find new bioactive molecules for the treatment of swine flu. Methods: The present study is an attempt to elucidate inhibition potential of andrographolide and its derivatives along with an associated binding mechanism through virtual screening and molecular docking simulation studies. Results: Our findings revealed structural conformation changes in 150 loop, secondary sialic acid binding site residues of ACZ97474 {Neuraminidase (A/Blore/NIV236/2009(H1N1}. Andrographolide have been identified as the highest binging energy of -1 0.88 Kcal/mol, 3 hydrogen bond interactions (Arg152, Lys150, and Gly197, total intermolecular energy of -12.07 Kcal/mol with bioactivity value (Ki of 10.59 nmol/L, while the Food and Drug Admistraton approved drug Oseltamivir and Zanamivir have shown 2 and 4 hydrogen bond interactions with binding energies of -6.28 Kcal/mol and -7.73Kcal/mol, respectively, which is higher than andrographolide. The guanidine group of Arg152 has binding affinities to the hydrophilic nature of the inhibitors (-OH and =O groups, as identified by docking of andrographolide (CID: 5318517 on neuraminidase. Conclusions: Hence, andrographolide has the potential to inhibit neuraminidase activity of H1N1 and may be used as an alternative medicinal therapy for swine flu positive patient. With potent antiviral activity and a potentially new mechanism of action, andrographolide may warrant further evaluation as a possible therapy for influenza.

  1. “Canto porque la guitarra / tiene sentido y razón”: folklore and politics in the music of Víctor Jara (1966-1973

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    NATÁLIA AYO SCHMIEDECKE

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The present paper is dedicated to analyze the political and cultural discourse identified to the Chilean New Song Movement through the musical work of the singer, composer and theater director Víctor Jara (1932-73. Despite his premature death - due to the coup of 1973 - Jara left a varied artistic legacy which constitutes a privileged source for thinking about the Chilean context of the 1960s and 1970s, a period marked by the strong presence of social movements that had as background the growing of the political polarization. Affiliated to the Communist Party, the musician used the communicative and expressive potential of music to defend the need to promote structural political changes in the country, which necessarily pass through the sphere of culture. Asking for the presence of identity elements in his musical work, we will analyze the dialogue established by the artist with the national political context, indicating the heterogeneity of the repertoire enclosed under the term Chilean New Song Movement.

  2. Guide to Sources: American History, Anthropology, Folklore, Business Administration, Education, English, Food Science, French, German, Music, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, and Sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maine Univ., Orono. Raymond H. Fogler Library.

    This group of 13 library guides, designed to introduce the student to some of the bibliographical tools available in various subject areas at Fogler Library, is not intended to be a complete listing, but rather a selective introduction to the many sources of information available to the beginning researcher. Information is provided on the use of…

  3. Ekaterina Efimova, Sovremennaia tiur’ma : byt, traditsii, fol’klor [Contemporary prison: ways of life, traditions, folklore], Moscow : OGI, 2004 & Russian Criminal Tatoo Encyclopedia, Steidl / Fuel 2003.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youri Vavokhine

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available The first study focuses mainly on the inmates and their sub-culture rather than on the russian-soviet penal institution itself and provides a close examination of different aspects of social action and social control problems within the prison universe. The issues of power, domination and struggle are apprehended in a very serious and explicit way, and that is how the author diverges from the approach proper to the Russian folklorists. Even if this study doesn’t pretend to a rigorous use of s...

  4. Entre prouesse et dérision Between prowess and derisionNoise imitation in American folklore at the beginning of the xxth century

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    Victor A. Stoichita

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article porte sur un type de virtuosité qui consiste à imiter des sons non musicaux dans le cadre de performances musicales. Il s'attache à décrire les modalités de ces moments d'acrobatie dans le bluegrass et la country music en Amérique du Nord. Pour mettre en lumière l'évolution historique de ce régime de virtuosité, l'analyse suit les transformations d'une mélodie particulière, connue sous le nom de Orange Blossom Special, qui reste à ce jour l'une des plus fameuses imitations de trains dans la musique nord-américaine.This article focuses on a type of virtuosity which involves the imitation of non-musical sounds in the context of musical performances. It attempts to describe the modalities of these moments of acrobatics in bluegrass and country music in North America. To highlight the historical evolution of this virtuosity system, the analysis follows the transformation of a particular melody, known as the Orange Blossom Special, which remains to this day one of the most famous imitations of trains in North American music.

  5. Folktale and Folklore--Useful Cultural Tools for Teachers of German. ERIC Focus Reports on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, Number 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Gerhard H.

    German-American cultural contrasts and contrasts between different German regions are illustrated through reference to fairy tales, folk heroes, regional jokes and anecdotes. Examples of legendary figures, fairy tales, and jokes are provided with suggestions on their use to illuminate the German culture and subcultures. The footnotes provide…

  6. Cuentos Folkloricos Mexicanos para Todos los Ninos. Serie de Literatura Bilingue para Ninos (Folkloric Tales from Mexico for All Children. Children's Bilingual Literature Series).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponce, Suanna Gilman

    Six short Mexican folk tales for children are presented in Spanish and English. Each version is presented in its own booklet. The stories are illustrated with full-page black and white drawings. "The Man Who Owned the Bees" is a story about four boys who encounter Xachan'achin, the owner of the bees in the forest. "The Magic Lady of the Water" is…

  7. An indole alkaloid from a tribal folklore inhibits immediate early event in HSV-2 infected cells with therapeutic efficacy in vaginally infected mice.

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    Paromita Bag

    Full Text Available Herpes genitalis, caused by HSV-2, is an incurable genital ulcerative disease transmitted by sexual intercourse. The virus establishes life-long latency in sacral root ganglia and reported to have synergistic relationship with HIV-1 transmission. Till date no effective vaccine is available, while the existing therapy frequently yielded drug resistance, toxicity and treatment failure. Thus, there is a pressing need for non-nucleotide antiviral agent from traditional source. Based on ethnomedicinal use we have isolated a compound 7-methoxy-1-methyl-4,9-dihydro-3H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (HM from the traditional herb Ophiorrhiza nicobarica Balkr, and evaluated its efficacy on isolates of HSV-2 in vitro and in vivo. The cytotoxicity (CC50, effective concentrations (EC50 and the mode of action of HM was determined by MTT, plaque reduction, time-of-addition, immunofluorescence (IFA, Western blot, qRT-PCR, EMSA, supershift and co-immunoprecipitation assays; while the in vivo toxicity and efficacy was evaluated in BALB/c mice. The results revealed that HM possesses significant anti-HSV-2 activity with EC50 of 1.1-2.8 µg/ml, and selectivity index of >20. The time kinetics and IFA demonstrated that HM dose dependently inhibited 50-99% of HSV-2 infection at 1.5-5.0 µg/ml at 2-4 h post-infection. Further, HM was unable to inhibit viral attachment or penetration and had no synergistic interaction with acyclovir. Moreover, Western blot and qRT-PCR assays demonstrated that HM suppressed viral IE gene expression, while the EMSA and co-immunoprecipitation studies showed that HM interfered with the recruitment of LSD-1 by HCF-1. The in vivo studies revealed that HM at its virucidal concentration was nontoxic and reduced virus yield in the brain of HSV-2 infected mice in a concentration dependent manner, compared to vaginal tissues. Thus, our results suggest that HM can serve as a prototype to develop non-nucleotide antiviral lead targeting the viral IE transcription for the management of HSV-2 infections.

  8. An indole alkaloid from a tribal folklore inhibits immediate early event in HSV-2 infected cells with therapeutic efficacy in vaginally infected mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bag, Paromita; Ojha, Durbadal; Mukherjee, Hemanta; Halder, Umesh Chandra; Mondal, Supriya; Chandra, Nidhi S; Nandi, Suman; Sharon, Ashoke; Sarkar, Mamta Chawla; Chakrabarti, Sekhar; Chattopadhyay, Debprasad

    2013-01-01

    Herpes genitalis, caused by HSV-2, is an incurable genital ulcerative disease transmitted by sexual intercourse. The virus establishes life-long latency in sacral root ganglia and reported to have synergistic relationship with HIV-1 transmission. Till date no effective vaccine is available, while the existing therapy frequently yielded drug resistance, toxicity and treatment failure. Thus, there is a pressing need for non-nucleotide antiviral agent from traditional source. Based on ethnomedicinal use we have isolated a compound 7-methoxy-1-methyl-4,9-dihydro-3H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (HM) from the traditional herb Ophiorrhiza nicobarica Balkr, and evaluated its efficacy on isolates of HSV-2 in vitro and in vivo. The cytotoxicity (CC50), effective concentrations (EC50) and the mode of action of HM was determined by MTT, plaque reduction, time-of-addition, immunofluorescence (IFA), Western blot, qRT-PCR, EMSA, supershift and co-immunoprecipitation assays; while the in vivo toxicity and efficacy was evaluated in BALB/c mice. The results revealed that HM possesses significant anti-HSV-2 activity with EC50 of 1.1-2.8 µg/ml, and selectivity index of >20. The time kinetics and IFA demonstrated that HM dose dependently inhibited 50-99% of HSV-2 infection at 1.5-5.0 µg/ml at 2-4 h post-infection. Further, HM was unable to inhibit viral attachment or penetration and had no synergistic interaction with acyclovir. Moreover, Western blot and qRT-PCR assays demonstrated that HM suppressed viral IE gene expression, while the EMSA and co-immunoprecipitation studies showed that HM interfered with the recruitment of LSD-1 by HCF-1. The in vivo studies revealed that HM at its virucidal concentration was nontoxic and reduced virus yield in the brain of HSV-2 infected mice in a concentration dependent manner, compared to vaginal tissues. Thus, our results suggest that HM can serve as a prototype to develop non-nucleotide antiviral lead targeting the viral IE transcription for the management of HSV-2 infections.

  9. Antifertility potential of hydroalcoholic extract of Cordia dichotoma G Forst. leaves: A folklore medicine used by Meena community in Rajasthan state in India

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    Pallavi Sharma

    2015-06-01

    Conclusions: The results suggest that hydro alcoholic extract of C. dichotoma leaves possess significant antifertility activity, which is consistent with the literature report in folk medicine of this plant in fertility regulation.

  10. Transformace folklorní látky v umělecké literatuře : případ démonologické pověsti a díla K. V. Raise

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šidák, Pavel

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 62, č. 5 (2015), s. 707-723 ISSN 0009-0468 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : folklore * demonological tale * transformation of folklore material * intertextuality * poetics * K. V. Rais Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  11. Katalog démonologických pověstí, žánr a strukturální naratologie: literárněteoretické poznámky k folkloristickému dílu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šidák, Pavel

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 64, č. 3 (2016), s. 408-418 ISSN 0009-0468 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : folklore studies * literary studies * methodology * catalogue of folklore material Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  12. Lidový hudebně-taneční projev jako scénický tvar - folklorní soubory v českých zemích v péči jedné instituce

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Stavělová, Daniela

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 25, č. 4 (2015), s. 292-306 ISSN 0862-8351 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : folk dance * folk music * stage * show * institution * folklore ensemble * folklore stylization Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  13. Když o víně, tak povinně!

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tyllner, Lubomír

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 23, č. 11 (2012), s. 32 ISSN 1210-7972 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : folklore * folklorism * folk music * folk dance * festival of folk music * Competition festival Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  14. The Food Code in the Yakut Culture: Semantics and Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabysheva, Luiza Lvovna

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of researching the issue of a specific cultural meaning for a word in a folklore text is based on its being insufficiently studied and due to the importance for solving the problem of the folklore language semantic features. Yakut nominations for dairy products, which are the key words in the language of the Sakha people's folklore,…

  15. Who's Afraid of the Big, Bad Folk?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Feinberg, Joseph Grim

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 61, č. 5 (2013), s. 548-560 ISSN 1335-1303 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : tradition * folklore * folklore studies * reconceptualization * authenticity * the politics of folklore Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision http://www.uet.sav.sk/files/etno5-2013-text-web.pdf

  16. Revitalising and Innovating Tradition: The Individual Motivations behind New Songs in the Slovácko Region

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Uhlíková, Lucie

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 65, č. 2 (2017), s. 289-303 ISSN 0350-0861 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Folklore and creativity * song composing * inovation and revitalization of tradition * cultural heritage * folklore movement * folk revival movement Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology OBOR OECD: Folklore studies

  17. Diseño de contenido programático de la Descripción Etnomusicológica del Folklore Precolombino para el área de Historia de la Música de un Conservatorio

    OpenAIRE

    Acosta Játiva, Edison Patricio

    2015-01-01

    1. Fundamentos Teóricos.-- 2. Metodología.-- 3. Resultados.-- 4. Conclusiones y Recomendaciones. El presente trabajo de investigación permite estructurar los temas y subtemas de la manifestación cultural a nivel musical de los distintos pueblos que habitaron en América precolombina, agrupados en áreas geográficas culturales, con el fin de plantear una realidad holística y transmitir un principio de identidad. El método utilizado es analítico sintético que permite describir la instrumentaci...

  18. O papel do folclore na motivação para atividades físicas de idosas The role of folklore in the motivation for physical activity of elderly

    OpenAIRE

    Berta Leni Costa Cardoso; Luis Otávio Teles Assumpção

    2011-01-01

    Existem muitos relatos sobre os benefícios biológicos da atividade física em idosos. Porém, o número de praticantes ainda não é satisfatório. Esse ponto controverso foi usado no presente artigo. Pesquisou-se sobre o uso do folclore local como um mecanismo educacional e motivacional útil no aumento da prática de atividades físicas para idosas. Foram entrevistadas idosas do Clube da Amizade em Caetité - BA, que foram motivadas e estimuladas pela dança. Este artigo também usou as reflexões de Pa...

  19. Savoir y être. Production de localité par l’engagement dans un folklore festif How to be(long. Production of localness through participation in folk festivities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Bouchat

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Chaque année, des milliers de Belges défilent habillés en soldats de l’Empire dans les rues d’une centaine de localités de l’Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse, en Belgique francophone. Le succès croissant rencontré par ces Marches folkloriques s’explique notamment par l’important potentiel identificatoire inhérent à la pratique festive. Ces Marches reflètent notamment des dynamiques sociales et identitaires originales qui émergent dans des localités rurales wallonnes en pleine mutation depuis plusieurs décennies. La participation aux Marches permet de recréer un local pouvant faire l’objet d’une identification collective. Cette construction s’accommode de la variété croissante des profils et des trajectoires des participants, en termes d’ancrage généalogique, de mobilité professionnelle ou même de lieu de vie. Elle s’appuie sur une série de dispositifs corporels, matériels et spatiaux, propres au répertoire folklorique. Dans ce cadre, les catégories du rural et de l’urbain sont mobilisées en tant qu’univers de représentations et de pratiques, pour faire valoir et matérialiser contextuellement des formes d’attachement variées aux villages et, plus globalement, à la ruralité.Every year, thousands of Belgian citizens in imperial soldiers’ uniforms parade through the streets of about a hundred villages of the Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse region, in Francophone Belgium. The growing success enjoyed by these “folk walks” stems most notably from their inherent yet remarkable potential for constructing and combining a wide range of both social affiliation and differentiation processes. In particular, they reflect social and identity dynamics that have arisen in rural Walloon areas that for decades have been undergoing major changes. Participating in the walks thus allows recreating a localness that can ground collective identification. This social construction accommodates the growing diversity in participants’ profiles and trajectories, be it genealogy, professional mobility or even place of dwelling. This construction, moreover, is not merely discursive. Rather, it is built by the parades and their activities and materialized through folk practises and artefacts. In this context, the theoretical urban-rural division is used as a repertoire of practices and representations in order to emphasize and materialize the affiliation to the village and, more widely, a sense of being rural.

  20. Activations of Both Extrinsic and Intrinsic Pathways in HCT 116 Human Colorectal Cancer Cells Contribute to Apoptosis through p53-Mediated ATM/Fas Signaling by Emilia sonchifolia Extract, a Folklore Medicinal Plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Hsuan Lan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Emilia sonchifolia (L. DC (Compositae, an herbaceous plant found in Taiwan and India, is used as folk medicine. The clinical applications include inflammation, rheumatism, cough, cuts fever, dysentery, analgesic, and antibacteria. The activities of Emilia sonchifolia extract (ESE on colorectal cancer cell death have not been fully investigated. The purpose of this study explored the induction of apoptosis and its molecular mechanisms in ESE-treated HCT 116 human colorectal cancer cells in vitro. The methanolic ESE was characterized, and γ-humulene was formed as the major constituent (63.86%. ESE induced cell growth inhibition in a concentration- and time-dependent response by MTT assay. Apoptotic cells (DNA fragmentation, an apoptotic catachrestic were found after ESE treatment by TUNEL assay and DNA gel electrophoresis. Alternatively, ESE stimulated the activities of caspase-3, -8, and -9 and their specific caspase inhibitors protected against ESE-induced cytotoxicity. ESE promoted the mitochondria-dependent and death-receptor-associated protein levels. Also, ESE increased ROS production and upregulated the levels of ATM, p53, and Fas in HCT 116 cells. Strikingly, p53 siRNA reversed ESE-reduced viability involved in p53-mediated ATM/Fas signaling in HCT 116 cells. In summary, our result is the first report suggesting that ESE may be potentially efficacious in the treatment of colorectal cancer.

  1. GURU MENDONGENG KEARIFAN LOKAL BANYUMASAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugeng Priyadi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Teachers skills in the collection and writing of folklore needs to be improved so that the cultural heritage of ancestors can be preserved. Furthermore, teachers develop learning model with storytelling folklore virtue that can be absorbed by the students. Learning model mythlogos- ethos could explain the mandate contained in folklore. The mandate is a form of local wisdom through character education. Keywords: folktale, local wisdom

  2. Zítra se bude tančit všude, aneb jak jsme se protancovali ke svobodě. Dichotomie tzv. folklorního hnutí druhé poloviny 20. století

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Stavělová, Daniela

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 104, č. 4 (2017), s. 411-432 ISSN 0009-0794 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA17-26672S Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : folklore revival movement * folklorism * folk ensembles * oral history * narratives * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology OBOR OECD: Antropology, ethnology

  3. New Sources for Janáček´s Essay Brezovská píseň and His Notation of Long-Drawn-Out Folksongs

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Procházková, Jarmila

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 1 (2018), s. 41-55 ISSN 0018-7003 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Leoš Janáček (1854-1928) * folklore studies * Janáček´s literary work * Janáček´s collection of folk music Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage OBOR OECD: Folklore studies

  4. Frank Wollman v kontextu strukturální teorie a terénních výzkumů slovesného folkloru (Příspěvek k nálezu tzv. wollmanovského moravského sběru)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Zelenková, Anna

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 104, č. 4 (2017), s. 493-509 ISSN 0009-0794 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Wollman, Frank * Czech and Slovak folklore studies * the structural theory of folklore * Moravian collection of folk verbal art Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision OBOR OECD: Literary theory

  5. Folklorismus v historických souvislostech let 1945-1989 (na příkladu folklorního hnutí v České rapublice)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pavlicová, M.; Uhlíková, Lucie

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 4 (2008), s. 187-197 ISSN 0862-8351 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : Folklorism * Folklore Movement * Real Socialism * New Songs * Ideology * Censorship * Self-censorship * Personal Motivation Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  6. Against Her Kind: The Phenomenom of Women against Women in Ovia Cult Worship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakubu, Anthonia Makwemoisa

    2014-01-01

    This paper addresses the incidence of 'Women against Women' in Nigerian folklore. Much has been written on Nigerian folklore, but mainly from within the mortal axis, as reflected in many folktales that cut across different communities in Nigeria. However, it has been observed that this gender phenomenon extends to the supernatural realm, where…

  7. Christianity and Community development in Igboland, 1960-2000

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FEN

    In the words of Benjamin Botkin, folklore is a body of traditional beliefs, customs, and ... artists weave in their works in order to give it a true touch of beauty and glamour ... Achebe had a profound influence on many other Nigerian novelists ... culture and the folklore of her people which unconsciously shaped the context ...

  8. The Anti-Diarrhea Properties Of Zingibier Offcinale | Nwoko ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: The crude extract of the plant Zingiber officinale has a high folkloric reputation for anti-diarrhea activity. This study investigated the scientific basis of this folkloric claim. Materials and Methods: Diarrhea was induced in albino mice and albino wistar rats using Castor-oil. The animals (mice) were offered the ...

  9. Naming Disney's Dwarfs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidwell, Robert T.

    1980-01-01

    Discusses Disney's version of the folkloric dwarfs in his production of "Snow White" and weighs the Disney rendition of the dwarf figure against the corpus of traits and behaviors pertaining to dwarfs in traditional folklore. Concludes that Disney's dwarfs are "anthropologically true." (HOD)

  10. Literatura Oral Hispanica (Hispanic Oral Literature).

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAlpine, Dave

    As part of a class in Hispanic Oral Literature, students collected pieces of folklore from various Hispanic residents in the region known as "Siouxland" in Iowa. Consisting of some of the folklore recorded from the residents, this paper includes 18 "cuentos y leyendas" (tales and legends), 48 "refranes" (proverbs), 17…

  11. "Canto porque la guitarra / tiene sentido y razón": folclore e política na música de Víctor Jara * “Canto porque la guitarra / tiene sentido y razón”: folklore and politics in the music of Víctor Jara (1966-1973

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NATÁLIA AYO SCHMIEDECKE

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O presente artigo se dedica a analisar o discurso político e cultural identificado com o movimento da Nova Canção Chilena através da obra musical do cantor, compositor e diretor de teatro Víctor Jara (1932-73. Apesar da morte prematura – decorrente do golpe de Estado de 1973 –, Jara deixou um legado artístico variado que se constitui em fonte privilegiada para pensar o contexto chileno dos anos 1960 e 1970, período marcado pela forte atuação de movimentos sociais que tinham como plano de fundo uma crescente polarização política. Filiado ao Partido Comunista, o músico se valeu do potencial comunicativo e expressivo da canção para defender a necessidade de se promoverem mudanças políticas estruturais no país, as quais necessariamente passariam pela esfera da cultura. Perguntando pela presença de elementos identitários em sua obra musical, analisaremos os diálogos estabelecidos pelo artista com a conjuntura política nacional, apontando para a heterogeneidade do repertório englobado sob o termo Nova Canção Chilena.Palavras-chave: Víctor Jara – Nova Canção Chilena – Unidade Popular. Abstract: The present paper is dedicated to analyze the political and cultural discourse identified to the Chilean New Song Movement through the musical work of the singer, composer and theater director Víctor Jara (1932-73. Despite his premature death - due to the coup of 1973 - Jara left a varied artistic legacy which constitutes a privileged source for thinking about the Chilean context of the 1960s and 1970s, a period marked by the strong presence of social movements that had as background the growing of the political polarization. Affiliated to the Communist Party, the musician used the communicative and expressive potential of music to defend the need to promote structural political changes in the country, which necessarily pass through the sphere of culture. Asking for the presence of identity elements in his musical work, we will analyze the dialogue established by the artist with the national political context, indicating the heterogeneity of the repertoire enclosed under the term Chilean New Song Movement.Keywords: Víctor Jara – Chilean New Song Movement – Popular Unity.

  12. Game Edukasi Pengenalan Cerita Rakyat Lampung Pada Platform Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ardi Zulkarnais

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Folklore is an oral tradition story passed down from generation to generation in the life of society. But today, folklore is less popular than abroad cinema which is packed with interesting form. In the Lampung region there is many people who do not know the folklore story about Lampung. In fact, folklore has a moral value, and also as a cultural heritage of the region. The purpose of this research is to design and build an educational game application of Lampung folklore to increase the interest of children and society to know and read Lampung folklore which is a cultural heritage that must be preserved. The development of educational folklore game application constructed from web and mobile platforms. The testing method that is done on aspects of Usability, Functionality, Portability, and Efficiency. Based on the results of usability testing on 5th and 6th grade elementary students using a questionnaire obtained 92.44% results, the functionality tested by 2 experts in the field of software engineering obtained 100% results, portability performed on the smartphone android version of gingerbread until marshmallow obtained 80% , and testing efficiency using Testdroid gets 15% average CPU usage results and an average memory of 175 MB.

  13. Phytopharmacological and ethnomedicinal uses of the Genus Berberis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Plants belonging to Berberis are reported in several folklore medicinal ... Their antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-diabetic, and anti-tumor activities as well as ... The present review focuses on recent advances in phytopharmacological and ...

  14. The Fairy-Folk Tale in Media Art: Reflections of Disney and Duvall.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molloy, Toni

    1988-01-01

    Focuses on Walt Disney and Shelley Duvall, mass media producers who furnish children with fairy-folklore. Compares and contrasts what Disney and Duvall do and do not convey through their fairy-folk tales. (MS)

  15. Finnish Kalevala and Estonian Kalevipoeg / Jaan Puhvel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puhvel, Jaan, 1932-

    2003-01-01

    Tõlgitud kogumikust: The world of the Kalevala : essays in celebration of the 150 year jubilee of the publication of the Finnish national epic / ed. Kai Laitinen. Los Angeles : UCLA Centre for the Study of Folklore & Mythology, 1987

  16. Folk Music, Song and Dance in Bohemia and Moravia

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vejvoda, Zdeněk

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 10, č. 3 (2007), s. 14-23 ISSN 1211-0264 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : Traditional Music * Roma Folk Music * Bagpipe * Dulcimer * Folklorism Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  17. Evidence-based systematic review of saw palmetto by the Natural Standard Research Collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulbricht, Catherine; Basch, Ethan; Bent, Steve; Boon, Heather; Corrado, Michelle; Foppa, Ivo; Hashmi, Sadaf; Hammerness, Paul; Kingsbury, Eileen; Smith, Michael; Szapary, Philippe; Vora, Mamta; Weissner, Wendy

    2006-01-01

    Here presented is an evidence-based systematic review including written and statistical analysis of scientific literature, expert opinion, folkloric precedent, history, pharmacology, kinetics/dynamics, interactions, adverse effects, toxicology, and dosing.

  18. Ishmael Reed and the Politics of Aesthetics, or Shake Hands and Come Out Conjuring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontenot, Chester J.

    1978-01-01

    Discusses the ways in which Ishmael Reed uses black American folklore, black American language, traditional African religion, and African myths as poetic materials from which he develops artistic forms. (GW)

  19. Therapeutic properties of meswak chewing sticks: A review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2012-10-16

    Oct 16, 2012 ... meswak in respect of oral hygiene and dental health are partly due to ... The World Health Organization has recommended ... information about the folklore uses, knowledge of local ..... phytochemical profile of the parent plant.

  20. Phytochemical analysis and anti-oxidant activities of Albuca bracteata Jacq. and Albuca setosa Jacq bulb extracts used for the management of diabetes in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Odeyemi

    2017-06-01

    Conclusion: This implies that the bulb of Albuca bracteata may serve as a natural source of antioxidants, which together with the numerous phytochemicals present, could account for its folkloric use as a medicinal plant.

  1. Koleda jako folklorní žánr křesťanského Západu a Východu: k biblickým a apokryfním námětům v západoslovanském folkloru

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Frolcová, Věra

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 82, 1-2 (2013), 112-124 ISSN 0037-6736 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : carol and Christianity * Slavia Romana * ethnomusicology * studies of Slavic folklore Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  2. Plaadid / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Nelly Furtado "Folklore", Asian Dub Foundation "Keep Bangin' On The Walls", Blondie "The Curse Of...", David Benoit "Right Here Right Now", Yello "The Eye", Missy Elliott "This Is Not A Test"

  3. Ofori-Kwakye et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2011) 8(3 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    (Bignoniaceae) is a plant species used in folkloric medicine in Ghana and several .... extract was shown to be acidic and the pH remained stable throughout .... wound contraction or healing process was accelerated by the application of S.

  4. Ot ritualnite žertvi kăm răčenicata v minižupi (Etnomuzikovedski impresii ot Bălgarija)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Tyllner, Lubomír

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 41, č. 4 (2015), s. 523-536 ISSN 0323-9861 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : ethnomusicology * bulgarian folklore tradition * folk dance * traditional music * music al instruments Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  5. Books received by the Rijksherbarium library

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1977-01-01

    This richly illustrated book shows many of the most common and most spectacular species of fungi found in Western Europe. The text is very popular and touches such items as poisionousness, edibility, culinary instructions, prejudices, and folklore.

  6. Otnosno koncepta za češki nacionalen tanc: zašto i za kogo?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Stavělová, Daniela

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 41, č. 4 (2015), s. 467-490 ISSN 0323-9861 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : dance * polka * national identity * etnicity * folklore Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  7. Filtrirane na narodnoto. Narodna muzika i ideologija v Čechoslovakija prez petdesette godini na XX vek

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kratochvíl, Matěj

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 41, č. 4 (2015), s. 513-522 ISSN 0323-9861 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : folklore * folk music * communism * Czechoslovakia * national identity Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  8. Sympozium věnované tvorbě Oresta Zilynského

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Valášková, Naďa

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 100, č. 2 (2013), s. 231-232 ISSN 0009-0794 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Slavonic folklore * customs * the ukrainen literature Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology Impact factor: 0.094, year: 2012

  9. Erotikata v češkite narodni prikazki i anekdoti

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Otčenášek, Jaroslav

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 41, č. 4 (2015), s. 448-466 ISSN 0323-9861 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : erotica * sexuality * vulgarism * czech folklore * tale * anecdote Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  10. Česká lidová slovesnost a internet: Humor v e-mailech

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Otčenášek, Jaroslav

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 94, č. 4 (2007), s. 363-375 ISSN 0009-0794 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : oral folklore * new media * internet * parody * anecdote Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  11. Posměšky a přezdívky jako součást komunikace dětí a mládeže

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pospíšilová, Jana; Altman, Karel

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 17, 1-2 (2010), s. 108-116 ISSN 1335-5074 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : ethnology * children's folklore * communication * nicknames * tramping Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  12. Pop / Koit Raudsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsepp, Koit

    2004-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Raekwon "The Lex Diamond Story", Nelly Furtado "Folklore", The Distillers "Coral Fang", Erinevad esitajad "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre - The Album", Soel (Ohse, Pascal & St Germain) "Memento", Donato Wharton "Trabanten", The Von Bondies "Pawn Shoppe Heart"

  13. Folkloor ja massikultuur / Rudolf Schenda ; tõlkinud Kalle Voolaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schenda, Rudolf, 1930-

    1994-01-01

    Originaalartikkel ilmunud kogumikus Tradition and Modernisation : Planary papers read at the 4th International Congress of the Société Internationale d'Ethnologie de Folklore. Turku, 1992, lk. 23-28

  14. Od lidové písně k evropské etnologii - 100 let Etnologického ústavu Akademie věd, Brno 5.-7.10.2005

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Procházková, Jarmila

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 43, č. 1 (2006), s. 99-100 ISSN 0018-7003 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : Moravian folksong * folklore studies * ethnology * Brno Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  15. Mezinárodní festival etnologických dokumentárních filmů „Kratovo 2016“

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pavlásek, Michal

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 27, č. 1 (2017), s. 103 ISSN 0862-8351 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : International Festival * Ethnological documentaries * Documentary films * Ethnology * Kratovo Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology OBOR OECD: Folklore studies

  16. Vymyslet festival: čtvrtstoletí Folklorního festivalu Pardubice - Hradec Králové

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Stavělová, Daniela

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 26, č. 4 (2016), s. 352-355 ISSN 0862-8351 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : festival * stage * folklore * dance * music * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  17. Několik poznámek k masopustní slavnosti Bakchus v českých zemích

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Altman, Karel

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 49, č. 1 (2015), s. 63-73 ISSN 0862-1209 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : carnival * Czech Lands * Bakchus * folklore * yearly customs Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  18. PEMANFAATAN CERITA RAKYAT SEBAGAI PENANAMAN ETIKA UNTUK MEMBENTUK PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER BANGSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Kristanto

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Folklore that are emerging in various regions in Indonesia have ethical moral values that are beneficial to the formation of a golden generation of Indonesia. Folklore when inherited or inculcated into children early on will equip students motor and psychomotor development, especially in students' character membangan early winning personality. Planting of ethics is intended to form a person's character that leads to positive things. Planting good ethics can certainly build character, attitudes, and behaviors that reinforce soft skills to instill good habits. Utilization of folklore that there are very effective to teach ethics and good morals. Through the characters in the story can be conveyed attitudes, behaviors, and said words that reflect the character and moral ethics. In the story reflected the presence of noble values, among others, honesty, cooperation, hard work, responsibility, religion. These values can be used as a means of character education. Keywords: folklore, values, ethics, character education.

  19. TOWARDS A GLOBAL 2l5 T CENTURY AFRICAN POPULAR MUSIC

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    implications of this development for African music and musicians, with a ... carried not only men, women and children, but also their gods, beliefs and folklore". Considering the ... "population movements that followed territorial expansion, wars,.

  20. Recent Periodicals: Local History, Family and Community History, Cultural Heritage, Folk Studies, Anthropology - A Review (2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Vladova

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available An annual bibliography of papers in the field of local history, family and community history, cultural heritage, folk studies and anthropology, published in 2016, is collected. The inspected journals are: Bulgarian Journal of Science and Education Policy, Chemistry: Bulgarian Journal of Science Education, Current Anthropology, Family and Community History, Folklore, History and Memory, Journal of Family History, Journal of Folklore Research, Past & Present, Winterthur Portfolio. Many of those journals are available at us under subscription.

  1. Conflictos identitarios del Pueblo Negro en el Valle del Chota-Provincia de Imbabura: entre la folklorización y la descolonización.

    OpenAIRE

    León Bernardo, Alexandra Natali

    2017-01-01

    Chota-Imbabura between the folklorization and the decolonization have been the principal motivation to be able to realize this investigation, since it is necessary to recognize colonial processes that the people should identify as such and since inside his context such certain conceptualizations are re-meant as: identity, culture, cultural inheritance, African decent black like point of item the decolonization and the folklorization. In such a way that the black people of the Valley of the Ch...

  2. Aukštaitijos ir Žemaitijos paribio dainuojamojo folkloro ypatumai

    OpenAIRE

    Račiūnaitė-Vyčinienė, Daiva

    2007-01-01

    The article discusses the subject, which has remained almost unstudied by ethnomusicologists, i. e. the peculiarities of the traditional sung folklore of the region of the borderline between the Upper Lithuania and Samogitia. Most attention is dedicated to the “Samogitian” character of the peripheral Upper Lithuania. The article emphasizes that the folklore singing traditions of the peripheral Upper Lithuania (Radviliškis, Šiauliai, Pakruojis and adjacent areas) may be characterized by peculi...

  3. Online úskalia folkloristického výskumu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Šipöczová

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The problematic aspects of internet research are slowly becoming manifest in all the Humanities. The primary concern of ethnology and folkloristics is contemporary folklore – anecdotes, urban legends, rumours, conspiracy theories, all of which are abundant on the internet. Neverteless, the nature of virtual reality has given rise to new methodological problems and uncertainties. How should we collect folklore material on the internet? A conflict rages between classic face-to-face research, and the physically distanced research of the vitrual space. Virtual space has diffrent rules and principles of communication; it functions in a diffrent way. Who is our informer? who is the proprietor of folklore on the internet? And how can we give relevant context to collected materials? The next ambuscade is the fact that the internet creates a inexhaustible quantity of folklore material which lives in databases, discussion forums, emails, chatrooms, social networks, etc.--How can we use this huge database? This contribution does not profess to provide a correct methodology for conducting qualitative folklore research on the internet. Its purpose is to point out the problems and thus join the discussion already taking place around the world, and increasingly in our region.

  4. Between Folk and Lore: Performing, Textualising and (misInterpreting the Irish Oral Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vito Carrassi

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Folklore, as a historical and cultural process producing and transmitting beliefs, stories, customs, and practices, has always thrived and evolved in the broader context of history and culture. Consequently, tradition and modernity have long coexisted and influenced one another, in particular in the world of folk narratives, orality and literature, storytellers and writers. Since the nineteenth century, folklorists (a category including a variety of figures have collected, transcribed and published pieces of oral tradition, thus giving folklore a textual form and nature. However, folk narratives continue to be also a living and performed experience for the tradition bearers, a process giving rise to ever new and different expressions, according to the changing historical, social, cultural, and economic conditions. To be sure, folklore – and folk narrative – needs to be constantly lived and performed to remain something actually pertinent and significant, and not only within the oral and traditional contexts. Interestingly, between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, folklore increasingly came to be regarded as and transformed into an inheritance, a valuable, national heritage particularly fitting for those countries, such as Ireland, in search of a strong, national identity. In this light, folklore and folk narratives, beside their routine existence within their original contexts, were consciously “performed” by the official culture, which employed them in politics, education, literature, etc. In the process, it could happen that folk materials were dehistoricised and idealised, “embalmed” according to Máirtin Ó Cadhain, and even trivialised. This situation was turned into a fruitful and significant source of inspiration for the literary parody of Myles na gCopaleen (Flann O’Brien who, in his Gaelic novel, An Béal Bocht, revealed the funny yet distressing truth of the Irish folklore being misunderstood and betrayed by

  5. Compactness and contradiction

    CERN Document Server

    Tao, Terence

    2013-01-01

    There are many bits and pieces of folklore in mathematics that are passed down from advisor to student, or from collaborator to collaborator, but which are too fuzzy and nonrigorous to be discussed in the formal literature. Traditionally, it was a matter of luck and location as to who learned such "folklore mathematics". But today, such bits and pieces can be communicated effectively and efficiently via the semiformal medium of research blogging. This book grew from such a blog. The articles, essays, and notes in this book are derived from the author's mathematical blog in 2010. It contains a

  6. An epsilon of room, II pages from year three of a mathematical blog

    CERN Document Server

    Tao, Terence

    2011-01-01

    There are many bits and pieces of folklore in mathematics that are passed down from advisor to student, or from collaborator to collaborator, but which are too fuzzy and nonrigorous to be discussed in the formal literature. Traditionally, it was a matter of luck and location as to who learned such "folklore mathematics". But today, such bits and pieces can be communicated effectively and efficiently via the semiformal medium of research blogging. This book grew from such a blog. In 2007 Terry Tao began a mathematical blog to cover a variety of topics, ranging from his own research and other re

  7. Poincaré's legacies, part I pages from year two of a mathematical blog

    CERN Document Server

    Tao, Terence

    2009-01-01

    There are many bits and pieces of folklore in mathematics that are passed down from advisor to student, or from collaborator to collaborator, but which are too fuzzy and non-rigorous to be discussed in the formal literature. Traditionally, it was a matter of luck and location as to who learned such folklore mathematics. But today, such bits and pieces can be communicated effectively and efficiently via the semiformal medium of research blogging. This book grew from such a blog. In 2007, Terry Tao began a mathematical blog to cover a variety of topics, ranging from his own research and other re

  8. Poincaré's legacies, part II pages from year two of a mathematical blog

    CERN Document Server

    Tao, Terence

    2009-01-01

    There are many bits and pieces of folklore in mathematics that are passed down from advisor to student, or from collaborator to collaborator, but which are too fuzzy and non-rigorous to be discussed in the formal literature. Traditionally, it was a matter of luck and location as to who learned such folklore mathematics. But today, such bits and pieces can be communicated effectively and efficiently via the semiformal medium of research blogging. This book grew from such a blog. In 2007, Terry Tao began a mathematical blog to cover a variety of topics, ranging from his own research and other re

  9. Structure and randomness pages from year one of a mathematical blog

    CERN Document Server

    Tao, Terence

    2009-01-01

    There are many bits and pieces of folklore in mathematics that are passed down from advisor to student, or from collaborator to collaborator, but which are too fuzzy and non-rigorous to be discussed in the formal literature. Traditionally, it was a matter of luck and location as to who learned such folklore mathematics. But today, such bits and pieces can be communicated effectively and efficiently via the semiformal medium of research blogging. This book grew from such a blog. In 2007, Terry Tao began a mathematical blog, as an outgrowth of his own website at UCLA. This book is based on a sel

  10. On the Complexity of Computing Optimal Private Park-and-Ride Plans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Martin

    2013-01-01

    or size of the parties inputs. This is despite the fact that in many cases the size of a party’s input can be confidential. The reason for this omission seems to have been the folklore belief that, as with encryption, it is impossible to carry out non-trivial secure computation while hiding the size...... that the folklore belief may not be fully accurate. In this work, we initiate a theoretical study of input-size hiding secure computation, and focus on the two-party case. We present definitions for this task, and deal with the subtleties that arise in the setting where there is no a priori polynomial bound...

  11. Dangers of the vagina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beit-Hallahmi, B

    1985-12-01

    Beliefs, myths, and literary expressions of men's fear of female genitals are reviewed. Both clinical evidence and folklore provide evidence that men imagine female genitals not only as a source of pleasure and attraction, but also as a source of danger in a very physical sense. The vagina dentata myth has many versions, including some modern ones, and its message is always the same: an awesome danger emanating from a woman's body. The prevalence of such feelings in folklore and in literature is noted.

  12. [Do regional and generational differences in attitudes toward "Luck Resource Belief" exist?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, Koshi

    2016-04-01

    This article examines whether belief in superstitions and folklore differs by age and degree of modernization specifically. This study investigated regional and generational differences in attitudes toward "Luck Resource Belief," a notion regarding luck. The 500 Japanese participants in our sample were stratified by place of residence, age, and income. The results reflected gender differences, but not regional or generational differences with regard to the "Luck Resource Belief" scale scores. Based on these results, the hypothesis that the mass media plays a major role in the dissemination of information about superstitions and folklore is discussed in this context.

  13. Tall Tales: The Simpsons deconstructing the american myth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanna Betina Götz

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the episode Tall Tales from the series The Simpsons that revisits legends of the American folklore. The TV series pays homage to both the time of the pioneers in their travels to the Far West in the nineteenth century, as well as to one of the most iconic and folk characters of the American culture from that period: the Hobo was a beggar, a figure of the American folklore during the Great Depression. It is also interesting to focus on the American imaginary in order to understand how the authors of The Simpsons perform these recreations in contemporary times

  14. Foxfire 3: Animal Care, Banjos and Dulcimers, Hide Tanning, Summer and Fall Wild Plant Foods, Butter Churns, Ginseng, and Still More Affairs of Plain Living.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wigginton, Eliot, Ed.

    A window into the customs, folklore, and cultural heritage of Appalachia is provided in this volume, the third in the series of "Foxfire" books. Compiled by high school students at Rabun Gap-Nacoochee school, it is based on personal interviews with long-time residents of Appalachian Georgia. In many cases the material is in the words of…

  15. Exploring a Common Past: Researching and Interpreting the Underground Railroad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Park Service (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC.

    Although the Underground Railroad has been an integral part of U.S. history and folklore for well over 150 years, the recent past has seen an increased public interest in the identification of historic sites associated with the experiences of fugitive slaves. This booklet is part of a National Park Service initiative to design research methods…

  16. Elementary Lessons from Indiana's Underground Railroad Institute (July 22-27, 2001).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indiana Univ.-Purdue Univ., Indianapolis. Geography Educators' Network of Indiana.

    The Geography Educators' Network of Indiana's 2001 Exploring and Teaching Institute led 23 educators from around the state on a six day traveling adventure. Participants explored art, literature/folklore, historical sites and archives, physical environments, architecture, economics, politics, and cultures associated with the Underground Railroad…

  17. Secondary Lessons from Indiana's Underground Railroad Institute (July 22-27, 2001).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indiana Univ.-Purdue Univ., Indianapolis. Geography Educators' Network of Indiana.

    The Geography Educator's Network of Indiana's 2001 Exploring and Teaching Institute series led 23 educators from around the state on a six day traveling adventure. Participants explored art, literature/folklore, historical sites and archives, physical environments, architecture, economics, politics, and cultures associated with the Underground…

  18. Child Bilingualism in an Immigrant Society: Implications of Borrowing in the Hebrew 'Language of Games.'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bar-Adon, Aaron

    The first waves of immigrants arriving in Palestine were faced with the problem of forming a new culture and creating a new language, actually, reviving Hebrew, an ancient language. The children were faced with creating their own traditions, games, and folklore; in so doing, through straight borrowing, spontaneous translation (loan translation),…

  19. King David and the Frog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Ritzarev

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The interrelations between the liturgical and paraliturgical genres of sacred music in both live practice and in historiography are explored. Parallels are found between eighteenth-century Russian and modern Hebrew religious music. The author's theory of the vernacular in music is applied to explain the stylistic openness in paraliturgical music (as a parallel to onto-vernacular folklore

  20. Arkansas Reference Sources. Bibliographic Series No. 26.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahrens, Joan; Roberts, Joan

    Varied sources for information on Arkansas held by the Arkansas University library are listed. Bibliographies and indexes of Arkansas publications are included, as well as materials dealing with the state's folklore and literature, arts and humanities, government and law, business and economics, social conditions, labor, history and biography,…

  1. International Journal of Health Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erah

    ... of F. aestuans possess gatroprotective properties could justify folklore uses of the plant in ... guinea pigs (250-300 g) and rabbits (1.5-2.0 ... material. The leaves of F. aestuans were collected from Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria in the month of ...

  2. Analgesic activity of crude aqueous extract of the root bark of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: The analgesic activity of crude aqueous extract of the root bark of Zanthoxylum xanthozyloides was studied in mice and rats with the view to verifying the claim in folklore medicine that the extract has analgesic activity. Method: The extract was obtained by Soxhlet extraction and rotatory evaporation, followed by ...

  3. Zapomenuté pohádky Josefa Kajetána Tyla

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šidák, Pavel

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 9, č. 4 (2017), s. 10-36 ISSN 1803-876X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-11101S Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : Josef Kajetán Tyl * Czech fairy tales * genre concept * folklore themes Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision OBOR OECD: Specific literatures

  4. Evaluation of Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory Activities of the Root ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory Activities of the Root Extracts of Indigofera spicata F. in Mice. ... The results clearly demonstrate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of the aqueous and 80% methanolic root extracts of the plant, providing evidence in part for the folkloric use of the plant. Keywords: ...

  5. Bibliography of Unpublished Materials Pertaining to Hispanic Culture in the New Mexico WPA Writers' Files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordova, Benito, Comp.

    The bibliography consists of unpublished manuscripts relating to the Hispano culture from the New Mexico Writer's Project. The nearly 600 different items, written 3 or 4 decades ago as part of a WPA project, present a fresh look at a variety of indigenous New Mexico folklore. Most of the entries are annotated, dated, and sources and contributors…

  6. ДО ІСТОРІЇ ЗБЕРЕЖЕННЯ ТВОРЧОЇ СПАДЩИНИ М. В. ЛИСЕНКА (музейний аспект

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    І. П. Якубовський

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The author of this article aims to show, on the base of museum and archive sources, exhibits and expositions, the history of creative heritage of а unique and genius personality of Mykola Vitalijovych Lysenko — the founder of Ukrainian classical music and artist, who, for all of his live had been collecting and compiling Ukrainian folklore.

  7. Lithuanian Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudzius, J.; Murdin, P.

    2002-01-01

    Lithuanian folklore, archaic calendars and terminology show that Lithuanians were interested in astronomy from ancient times. A lot of celestial bodies have names of Lithuanian origin that are not related to widely accepted ancient Greek mythology. For example, the Milky Way is named `Pauksciu Takas' (literally the way of birds), the constellation of the Great Bear `Didieji Grizulo Ratai' (literal...

  8. Ilmus folkloristide ja etnoloogide ühisväljaanne / Varje Sootak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sootak, Varje, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    Rmt.: Papers delivered at the symposium "Sacred and profane in the dialogue of cultures" : [Aprill, 2002, Tartu] / Department of Estonian and Comparative Folklore, Department of Ethnology, University of Tartu ; [editors Art Leete, Ülo Valk]. - (Studies in Folk Culture. Vol. 1). Tartu, 2003

  9. Wound healing properties of ointment formulations of Ocimum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    present work evaluated the phyto-constituents and wound healing properties of ointments formulated with the n-hexane crude bark extract of a plant used folklorically in wound healing, Ocimum gratissimum. The excision wound model was employed in the wound healing studies. The air-dried, size-reduced barks were ...

  10. Drug discovery –How easy or how difficult?

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    First page Back Continue Last page Graphics. Initial : Hit and Trial (Early approach 1900-1950s). Initial : Hit and Trial (Early approach 1900-1950s). Rational to some extent (Leads from natural products or folklore, analog synthesis and screening for a particular target). Rational based on knowledge of proteomics and ...

  11. Bats: Swift Shadows in the Twilight. The Wonder Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Ann C.

    This curriculum guide is all about bats and provides information through the telling of stories about bats and their history and folklore. The activities contained in this guide employ an interdisciplinary approach and use mazes, puzzles, model-building, and board games to interest and inform students. Topics covered include the physical…

  12. Distilling Wisdom from Practice: Finding Meaning in PDS Stories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breault, Rick A.

    2010-01-01

    Much of what has been written about the Professional Development School (PDS) experience consists of recounting personal experiences. However, these accounts often offer little to readers since they are neither good research nor good storytelling. In this article I draw on mythology, folklore, psychology and literature to suggest that effective…

  13. Film Animasi Malaysia: Narasi Verbal ke Visual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Nizam bin Othman

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Among the issues are to look into the approaches and education problems that happen in the verbal narration in old society and how the construction and preservation of legends and folklore into animation forms. This paper is to identify the icon, structure and method that use in film animation to emphasize the culture understanding of the legends and folklore. The ideas of this paper are to identify form; icon and meaning that attach in local folklore and translated into animation based on culture theory. This case study research involves collecting data through documentation; including interview method, observation and visual understanding on animation collection. The data analysis concentrates on technique and overall animation process, focusing on its impact on culture and local society. Legend and folklore are a part of Malays tradition culture that has been spreading and handing on from one generation to another. The story of fairy tales, myths, extraordinary and miraculous of early centuries of human evolution now been represent in new form, that involved visual and other human sense’s. This paper will discuss about the condition of the understanding and imaginations in this new generation are still same as early century about the beauty of Mahsuri, the extraordinary and enthusiastic of Hang Tuah and the kindheartedness of Bawang Putih. How human accepted and preserves tradition and culture customs but in adaptation process, upgrading and decent with civilization maturity. The outcome are expected to contribute in preserving culture and tradition.

  14. The cross-national pattern of happiness. Test of predictions implied in three theories of happiness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Veenhoven (Ruut); J.J. Ehrhardt (Joop)

    1995-01-01

    textabstractABSTRACT. Predictions about level and dispersion of happiness in nations are derived from three theories of happiness: comparison-theory, folklore-theory and livability-theory. The predictions are tested on two cross national data-sets: a comparative survey among university students in

  15. The Art of Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saccardi, Marianne

    1997-01-01

    Provides an annotated bibliography of books for grades K and up which explores the folklore, poetry, fiction, and art of Mexico, and focuses on the Mayans and Aztecs and Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo. Also suggests various research, reading, drama, music, social studies, physical education, and art activities and lists related videos and Internet…

  16. Themes of Suicide in the Kalevala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achte, Kalle; And Others

    1988-01-01

    The Kalevala, Finland's national epic, is a crucial element of Finnish cultural identity and important to Finnish culture. Violence, death, and suicide are often repeated themes in Finnish folklore. The Kalevala provides insight into past attitudes toward death. Traditions passed through generations have influenced people's attitudes toward…

  17. Evaluation of anticonvulsant activity of methanol leaf extract of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hymenocardia acida is a plant used in African folkloric medicine in the treatment of headache, rheumatic pain, sickle cell crisis, malaria, epilepsy and cancer. This study was aimed at investigating the anticonvulsant potential of the methanol leaf extract of H. acida (MLEHA) in chicks and mice. Preliminary phytochemical ...

  18. Juegos y Diversiones. (Games Collected and Adapted to Teach Spanish to Children.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquez, Nancy, Ed.; And Others

    Games, both from the folklore heritage of children in Spanish-speaking countries and those created in the classroom, are excellent ways to teach language to children because they accomplish their language goals while entertaining and involving the children, often physically. Most games, because they are rigidly patterned and repetitious, are…

  19. Golden Hindesight, Homespun, Lagniappe, et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Sherrod

    1979-01-01

    Described are cultural journalism projects around the country which have used the "Foxfire Approach" successfully. "Foxfire" is a student-run magazine dedicated to the collection and preservation of the oral history, folklore and folklife (or traditional culture) of the students' own locality. Included is a list of…

  20. Integration in sight?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Willem Huijnk; Iris Andriessen

    2016-01-01

    Orininal title: Integratie in zicht? Migration and integration top the list of social problems which worry people in the Netherlands the most. Radicalisation, the controversy surrounding the folklore figure Zwarte Piet (‘Black Pete’), the refugee crisis and ethnic profiling are just a

  1. Adapting forest science, practice, and policy to shifting ground: From steady-state assumptions to dynamic change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel B. Botkin

    2014-01-01

    What forestry needs in the Anthropogenic Era is what has been needed for the past 30 years. The proper methods, theory, and goals have been clear and are available; the failure has been, and continues to be, that our laws, policies, and actions are misdirected because we confuse a truly scientific base with nonscientific beliefs. The result is a confusion of folklore...

  2. Choosing a Pet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    THE capital boasts countless markets of all kinds,but some of its insect,bird and pet markets immortalize Beijing culture and folkloric traditions.Don’t miss it! The Huasheng Tianqiao Market,south of the famous Panjiayuan Antique Market, was moved a few years ago and rebuilt in the

  3. Healing, health, and horticulture: introduction to the workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    The present-day emphasis of horticulture and health is an extension of ancient and medieval traditions. The relationship of healing and the horticultural arts predates written history and relates to ancient wisdom, custom, and folklore. Plants and health have been of great concern for humankind cons...

  4. A note on the Lie symmetries of complex partial differential

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Folklore suggests that the split Lie-like operators of a complex partial differential equation are symmetries of the split system of real partial differential equations. However, this is not the case generally. We illustrate this by using the complex heat equation, wave equation with dissipation, the nonlinear Burgers equation and ...

  5. Hudební typologie tanečních nápěvů českých lidových písní (na příkladu Erbenovy sbírky)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vejvoda, Zdeněk

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 54, č. 3 (2017), s. 319-362 ISSN 0018-7003 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA15-24418S Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : folk music * structural analysis * Karel Jaromír Erben Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage OBOR OECD: Folklore studies

  6. The tradition of intertextuality in the author's tale of the material of the Italian language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Маргарита Евгеньевна Каскова

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The article discussed the problem of drawing and interpretation of folklore stories by Italian authors. The tradition of intertextuality in the author's tale can be traced to ancient times and is regarded as an example of works by writers Fedro, S. Venni, C. Collodi, G. Rodari.

  7. AFRREV IJAH, Vol.1 (1) Feb., 2012

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Myth is one of the elements of folklore and its importance in the matrix of. African culture can never ... How myth helped the author to sharpen and create her conflicts which led to the ... Ita is a type of story which is purported to have happened.

  8. Chemical constituents in n-butanol fractions of Costus afer ker Gawl leaf and stem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Godswill Nduka Anyasor

    2014-04-01

    Conclusion: The bioactive compounds identified in the n-butanol fractions of C. afer leaves and stem may explain the folkloric use of C. afer plant in the treatment of chronic inflammatory and oxidative stress related diseases. [J Intercult Ethnopharmacol 2014; 3(2.000: 78-84

  9. Cape Verde and Its People: A Short History, Part I [And] Folk Tales of the Cape Verdean People.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeida, Raymond A.; Nyhan, Patricia

    Two booklets provide an overview of the history and folklore of Cape Verde, a group of islands lying 370 miles off the west coast of Africa. One booklet describes the history of the islands which were probably settled initially by Africans from the west coast of Africa. By the 15th century the islands were colonized by Portuguese and other…

  10. Cross -Currents and Transmigration of Motifs of Yoruba Art | Kalilu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Yoruba of South-western Nigeria are endowed with a deeply cultural and religious environment. The people.s culture and worldview are expressed through legends, folklore, time tested proverbs , wise sayings and a keen observation of their environment This is expressed in their various art forms, and no art work is ...

  11. The Developmental Pattern of Resistance to Peer Influence in Adolescence: Will the Teenager Ever Be Able to Resist?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumter, Sindy R.; Bokhorst, Caroline L.; Steinberg, Laurence; Westenberg, P. Michiel

    2009-01-01

    Common folklore seems to suggest that adolescents are particularly susceptible to peer influence. However, from the literature the exact age differences in susceptibility to peer influence remain unclear. The current study's main focus was to chart the development of general susceptibility to peer pressure in a community sample of 10-18 year olds…

  12. Evaluation of the toxicity and reversibility profile of the aqueous seed ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hunteria umbellata (K. Schum.) Hallier f. (family: Apocynaceae) is reputed for the folkloric management of labour, pain and swellings, stomach ulcers, diabetes, obesity, and anaemia, with no scientific report of its toxicity and reversibility profile. The present study was, therefore, aimed at investigating the in vivo toxicity and ...

  13. Children of Deb Koh: Young Life in an Iranian Village.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedl, Erika

    This book is based on ethnographic research carried out between 1965 and 1994 during eight visits to a tribal region in southwest Iran. The book weaves together local practices, cognitive categories, folklore, and anecdotes concerning all aspects of growing up to illuminate the world of children in the village of Deh Koh. The book describes how…

  14. Antidiabetic and haematinic effects of Parquetina nigrescens on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Antidiabetic and haematinic effects of Parquetina nigrescens on alloxan induced type-1 diabetes and normocytic normochromic anaemia in Wistar rats. ... Background: The plant, Parquetina nigrescens is used in folklore medicine to treat diabetes mellitus and its complications in several parts of West Africa. Objective: To ...

  15. IGBO FOLKTALES AND IGBO YOUTHS DEVELOPMENT: THE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    JONATHAN

    of many Nigerian youth especially the Igbo negatively. Consequently, some ... of life and times of our people in different areas… Above all, they ... can be used to unite mankind more remotely than sports or the internet is currently doing every .... “The Use of Folklore in the Humanistic Management of Youth in a. Pluralistic ...

  16. Some biological activities of Pycnanthus angolensis (Welw.) Warb ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    These findings indicate a correlation in the activities of the leaves and as such serve as panacea for infectious diseases and therefore scientific justification to some of the folkloric uses of the plant. Keywords: Antimicrobial; Larvicidal; Brine shrimp lethality; Pycnanthus angolensis. Journal of Pharmacy and Bioresources Vol.

  17. Dinaka/kiba: A descriptive analysis of a Northern Sotho song-dance ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A disjuncture in the description of persists between practitioners of the genre, deemed custodians of Northern Sotho culture, and some scholars. Drawing from extensive fieldwork and ... song-dance performative compound. Keywords: Indigenous music, African drumming, African performance, African folklore, African dance.

  18. The Application of Hermeneutical Analysis to Research on the Cold War in Soviet Animation Media Texts from the Second Half of the 1940s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedorov, A. V.

    2015-01-01

    The Cold War era, which spawned a mutual ideological confrontation between communist and capitalist countries, left its mark on all categories of media texts, including cartoons and animations. Cartoons were used by the authorities as tools for delivering the necessary confrontational ideological content in an attractive folkloric, fairy-tale…

  19. Etnologie studené války v České republice: témata, přístupy, metody

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Woitsch, Jiří

    33 /75/, č. 2 (2016), s. 5-30 ISSN 1211-8117 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-03754S Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Cold War * Iron Curtain * borders * theory and methodology * landscape * memory * folklore * heritage * history of ethnology Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  20. "Strange Things Happen to Non-Christian People": Human-Animal Transformation among the Inupiat of Arctic Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassady, Joslyn

    2008-01-01

    Inuit myths, folklore, and material culture are filled with examples of people who turn into animals. Margaret Lantis, a well-known Eskimologist of the mid-twentieth century, once commented that human-animal transformation in Inuit mythology had an "immediacy and a reality" that was unknown in other parts of the world. It is hard to…

  1. Phytochemical and antioxidant investigations of a Clausena anisata ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It has been established scientifically that oxidative stress is linked with several degenerative conditions and diseases; the inhibitory effects of these plant extracts on the free radicals could logically justify the folkloric usage of C. anisata leaf and bark in the Eastern Cape for the treatment of respiratory infection diseases.

  2. Antonín Václavík – kolaborant? (K rozvoji českého národopisu v době tzv. protektorátu a jeho poválečným důsledkům)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Altman, Karel

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 33, č. 2 (2016), s. 120-132 ISSN 1211-8117 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA15-03754S Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Antonín Václavík * Czech folklore * ethnology * protectorate * postwar period Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology OBOR OECD: Antropology, ethnology

  3. Multicultural Bibliography: Kindergarten-Grade 8 Library Books.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San Diego County Office of Education, CA.

    This annotated bibliography includes approximately 375 elementary-level books on history, biography, folklore, fiction, poetry, arts and crafts, and contemporary life of Blacks, Native Americans, Pan Asian Americans, Puerto Ricans, and other ethnic groups. The books cited are deemed to be non-stereotyped and appropriate for developing a…

  4. Effects of Resin and Essential Oil from Commiphora myrrha Engl. on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The oleo-gum-resin of Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl (syn. Commiphora molmol (Engl.) Engl. ex Tschirch) is used in the Ethiopian folkloric medicine for wound management. The present study was aimed at evaluating the wound healing properties of the essential oil and resin of C. myrrha using in vivo and in vitro ...

  5. Science and Sanity in Special Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dammann, James E.; Vaughn, Sharon

    2001-01-01

    This article describes the usefulness of a scientific approach to improving knowledge and practice in special education. Of four approaches to knowledge (superstition, folklore, craft, and science), craft and science are supported and implications for special education drawn including the need to bridge the gulf between research knowledge and…

  6. Rahvusvaheline erialabibliograafia sündis Eestis / Piret Voolaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voolaid, Piret, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Internationale volkskundliche Bibliographie = International Folklore Bibliographie = Bibliographie internationale d'Ethnologie: Für das Jahr 1993 : mit Nachträgen für die vorausgehenden / herausgegeben von Karin Maria Rooleid. Bonn : Dr. Rudolf Habelt GMBH, 2004

  7. Understanding the Institutional Dimension of Inter-Agency Collaboration: The Basic Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    between the sociological and economic traditions in institutional analysis, led by some organizational sociologists and micro- economists . Their purpose...Spies and Spies in Canada: Undercover at Home & Abroad (2005) Edmonton, AB: Folklore Publishing. Bourdieu, P. Distinction: A Social Critique of the ...Understanding the institutional dimension of inter-agency collaboration The Basic Model Eric Ouellet Royal Military College of

  8. Re-reading Flora Nwapa's Efuru and Idu : Myth as a Vehicle for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Folklore is the traditional art, literature, knowledge and practice that are disseminated largely through oral communication. It consists of the things that a given set of people traditionally believe, do, know and say; their worldview and outlook to life, handed over to them from generation to generation orally. Myth is an ...

  9. 401-IJBCS-Article-Thushari Bandara

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    in type 2 diabetic rats. Fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels of the diabetic rats reduced significantly (p=0.001) ... There is a folkloric history among the people in Jaffna, Sri Lanka, ... (5%), fish meal (10%), oil cake (10%), gram. (3.9%), pulses ...

  10. 19 CFR 10.243 - Articles eligible for preferential treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... articles had been imported directly from Canada or Mexico; or (iv) Fabrics or yarns that the President or... folklore apparel or other textile article of an ATPDEA beneficiary country that the President or his....61.00 of the HTSUS and that is entered free of duty from Canada, Mexico, or Israel. (d) Imported...

  11. Studies on wound healing activity of some Euphorbia species on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Plants of Euphorbiaceae are used in folkloric medicines in variety of ailments and well known for chemical diversity of their isoprenoid constituents. This study was carried out to explore the preliminary wound healing potential of four Euphorbia species (E. consorbina 1, E. consorbina 2, E. inarticulata, ...

  12. The Visual Narrative: Kids, Comic Books, and Creativity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoff, Gary R.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses why junior high school students like comic books and examines how comic book art and visual narrative can be used in education. Copying comic book art can teach students several useful art techniques. Suggestions for using visual narratives to study science fiction, literature, folklore, and art history are included. (AM)

  13. GOSPEL TEXT IN SCIENCE FICTION NOVELETTES BY V. P. KRAPIVIN (THE CYCLE "IN THE HEART OF THE GREAT CRYSTAL"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velikanova E. A.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses evangelical motives and images in a cycle of science fiction stories In the heart of the Great Crystal by Vladislav Krapivin. The reference to the evangelical text and connection to folklore and literary elements create the modern moral maintenance of books of the writer addressed to the teenage reader.

  14. Anti-inflammatory of both Eucalyptus spp. and Pistascia lentiscus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Eucalyptus spp. and Pistascia lentiscus are among the Palestinian trees that are traditionally used in folkloric medicine in treating many diseases; leaves of which are thought to have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antioxidant effects. The goal of this study is to evaluate the in vitro inhibitory effect of ...

  15. Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of crude extracts and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study provides some justifications for the folkloric use of AP seed powder as an antiseptic paste and warrants further studies to determine the structure of the active compound in chromatographic fraction ST 13 -15F. Key words: Adenanthera pavonina, antimicrobial activity, chromatographic fractions, methanolic extract.

  16. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    celebrated dream of a snake attempting to swallow its tail. Some chemistry historians are debunking this bit about the dream. But it may be too late; fact or fable, it is now part of chemistry folklore. How many isomers are possible for C6H6, using the known rules about hydrocarbons? Many acyclic structures, such as.

  17. Dětská folklorní komunikace v rýmech - možnosti interdisciplinárního přístupu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pospíšilová, Jana; Uhlíková, Lucie

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 59, č. 1 (2011), s. 29-46 ISSN 1335-1303 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : children's culture * children's communication * children's rhytmes * folklore * developmental psychology * psychoanalysis Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  18. Kalevala tõht eesti eeposele / Jaan Puhvel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puhvel, Jaan, 1932-

    2007-01-01

    F. R. Kreutzwaldi "Kalevipoeg" ja E. Lönnroti "Kalevala". Ilmunud: The Impact of the Kalevala on the Estonian Epic. - The World of the Kalevala: Essays in Celebration of the Publication of the Finnish National Epic. Los Angeles : UCLA Folklore and Mythology Publications, 1987, lk. 56-65

  19. FROM 'FOLKISM' TO PERFORMANCE: A NEW SCENIC STRATEGY ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    process that exist between the actors and audience. Keywords: Folkism, Audience integration, Akpakaland, Nigerian folkloric performance. Introduction. There have been a lot of controversies about finding a comprehensive theatrical principle to define and integrate Nigerian audience into performances over the past few ...

  20. Opinion

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    endeavours in such fields as the short-story, the novel, folklore, criticisms and play writing, it is not hard to ... tively little critical attention deserving of his three or so decades of artistic output. Apart from ... them current [have now] faded into the limbo of memory? .... to be desired as a novel in terms of fonn and style. After all the ...

  1. Complexities of Vietnamese Femininities: A Resource for Rethinking Women's University Leadership Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Do, Van Hanh Thi; Brennan, Marie

    2015-01-01

    This paper develops a dialogical encounter between northern-inspired theorisations of gender and Vietnam's historical and cultural differentiation identified through the presence of matriarchy in ancient societies and its popularity in folklore and contemporary politics. The article draws on interviews with 12 senior women from 8 universities in…

  2. Hispanic Folk Arts and the Environment: An Interdisciplinary Curriculum Guide. A New Mexican Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Alejandro

    This interdisciplinary, bilingual curriculum resource, contains a 29-minute videotape program, 20 colorplate posters, and a curriculum guide. The resource presents an examination of the folklife and folklore expressions of the Hispanic people of New Mexico. The focus of the curriculum is the relationship of survival-based folk activities to the…

  3. Tall Tales of North America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fresno City Unified School District, CA.

    Designed for use in junior high school language arts classes, this learning activity packet introduces students to North American folklore. Selected readings cover Indian tales, real folk heroes (Davy Crockett and John Henry), imaginary folk heroes (Paul Bunyan and Pecos Bill), Black folk stories (Brer Rabbit), and tales of Washington Irving. Each…

  4. "Solid All the Way Through": Margaret Mahy's Ordinary Witches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waller, Alison

    2004-01-01

    In "The Haunting," "The Changeover," and "The Tricksters," Margaret Mahy fuses supernatural iconography of witchcraft and magic with images of ordinary and domestic adolescence. This article argues that Mahy's "fantastic realism" illuminates aspects of female teenage experience through a blend of myth, fairy tale, folklore and history, as well as…

  5. Supernatural Themes in Selected Children's Stories of Isaac Bashevis Singer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlessinger, June H.; Vanderryst, June D.

    1989-01-01

    Discusses the impact of the traditional folklore theme of good versus evil on children's development and analyzes the development of this theme using magical and supernatural situations in the work of Isaac Bashevis Singer. A selected bibliography of work by and literary criticisms of Singer's writings is provided. (five references) (CLB)

  6. Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of Prosopis Juliflora (Sw.) Dc ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The ethnobotanical importance of Prosopis juliflora is well-known in the folkloric system of medicine for the treatment of various ailments. Although, the study related to the antibacterial potential of this plant, from Central India is scanty. Material and methods: The in vitro antibacterial activity of Prosopis juliflora ...

  7. Internetová databáze kramářských tisků Etnologického ústavu Akademie věd České republiky, v. v. i. v Praze

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Holubová, Markéta

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 5, č. 1 (2017), s. 147-158 ISSN 1339-2204 Grant - others:AV ČR(CZ) StrategieAV21/12 Program:StrategieAV Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : popular culture * Czechia * chapbooks * broadsides ballads * electronic databases * format MARC 21 Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology OBOR OECD: Folklore studies

  8. Antimicrobial activity of extracts of leaves of Pseudocedrela kotschyi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of the experiment was to investigate the phytochemical composition and antimicrobial activity of extracts of Pseudocedrela kotschyi (Schweinf.) Harms used in folklore medicine in order to authenticate some of its therapeutic claims. The antimicrobial activity of petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of ...

  9. Ehedat Bulgaariat avastamas / Leili Sägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sägi, Leili

    2009-01-01

    Bulgaarias Kiustendil said kokku viie riigi õpetajad, et valmistada ette 2011. aastal Prantsusmaal toimuvat õpilaste folkloorifestivali. Eestist osalevad kahel õppeaastal kestvas projektis "The folklore - an European intercultural link" Pärnu vene gümnaasiumi õpetajad ja 7-14-aastased õpilased

  10. The Role of the Repeat in the Bear Feast in Traditional Khanty Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna A. Grinevich (Zorkoltseva

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper is devoted to a role of repeat in Khanty folklore. Songs of a bear feast have served as the source material for the research. The author traces the role of a repeat at different text levels: structure, lexical level, and plot. The repeat is proposed as a fundamental method of traditional Khanty arts.

  11. Vladimír Helfert ve Státním ústavu pro lidovou píseň

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Procházková, Jarmila

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 51, č. 2 (2016), s. 137-154 ISSN 1212-0391 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Vladimír Helfert (1886-1945) * Leoš Janáček (1854-1928) * State Institute for Folk Song * folklore studies * politics and music Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  12. Básník a lid. Bedřich Václavek mezi literaturou a folklorem

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Feinberg, Joseph Grim

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 65, č. 6 (2017), s. 823-845 ISSN 0009-0468 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA17-23955S Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Marxism * interwar literary criticism * literary criticism * folklore studies * avant-garde Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision OBOR OECD: Literary theory

  13. X is now a meme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konzack, Lars

    2012-01-01

    Internet-memer er den nye globale, lynhurtige og indforståede folklore. Det er sjovt, det er frækt, det er sukkersødt, det er klamt, det er oprørsk, og det er lige nu på vej til en af dine digitale enheder. Her kommer en analyse af fænomenet....

  14. In-vitro antimicrobial activity of crude extracts of Diospyros ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Diospyros species in folklore medicine are used as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, anticancer and antiviral agents. The in vitro antimicrobial activity of crude extracts of the leaves of Diospyros monbuttensis were evaluated against three bacterial species (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and ...

  15. Preserving American Folk Heritage through Story and Song.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalongo, Mary Renck

    Underscoring folklore's appropriateness to multicultural classroom settings are its connection with past and present cultures, its constancy and change, and its potential for oral transmission of human values. Most importantly, folktales and songs enable children to participate in the history of universal human emotions. To effectively include…

  16. 'Jeden vel'ký kolektív': Folklór ako vystúpenie a organizácia

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Feinberg, Joseph Grim

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 48, č. 4 (2016), s. 357-376 ISSN 0049-1225 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : folklore * performativity * public sphere and privacy * aesthetic theory * social theory Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.283, year: 2016

  17. A comparison of the chemical constituents of Barbadian medicinal plants within their respective plant families with established drug compounds and phytochemicals used to treat communicable and non-communicable diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohall, D; Carrington, S

    2012-01-01

    Barbados has a strong base in the practice of folklore botanical medicines. Consistent with the rest of the Caribbean region, the practice is criticized due to lack of evidence on the efficacy and safety testing. The objectives of this review article are i) to categorize and identify plants by their possible indications and their scientific classification and ii) to determine if the chemical constituents of the plants will be able to provide some insight into their possible uses in folklore medicine based on existing scientific research on their chemical constituents and also by their classification. A review of the folklore botanical medicines of Barbados was done. Plants were primarily grouped based on their use to treat particular communicable and non-communicable diseases. Plants were then secondarily grouped based on their families. The chemical profiles of the plants were then compared to established drug compounds currently approved for the conventional treatment of illnesses and also to established phytochemicals. The extensive literature review identified phytochemical compounds in particular plants used in Barbadian folklore medicine. Sixty-six per cent of reputed medicinal plants contain pharmacologically active phytochemicals; fifty-one per cent of these medicinal plants contain phytochemicals with activities consistent with their reported use. Folklore botanical medicine is well grounded on investigation of the scientific rationale. The research showed that fifty-one per cent of the identified medicinal plants have chemical compounds which have been identified to be responsible for its associated medicinal activity. To a lesser extent, approved drug compounds from drug regulatory bodies with similar chemical structure to the bioactive compounds in the plants proved to validate the use of some of these plants to treat illnesses.

  18. Scandinavian belief in fate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Åke Ström

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available In point of principle, Christianity does not give room for any belief in fate. Astrology, horoscopes, divination, etc., are strictly rejected. Belief in fate never disappeared in Christian countries, nor did it in Scandinavia in Christian times. Especially in folklore we can find it at any period: People believed in an implacable fate. All folklore is filled up with this belief in destiny. Nobody can escape his fate. The future lies in the hands of fate, and the time to come takes its form according to inscrutable laws. The pre-Christian period in Scandinavia, dominated by pagan Norse religion, and the secularized epoch of the 20th century, however, show more distinctive and more widespread beliefs in fate than does the Christian period. The present paper makes a comparison between these forms of belief.

  19. Del mito de “la silla peligrosa” a la leyenda urbana de la aguja escondida y el contagio del SIDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel J. Gonzalo Tobajas

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Although urban legends are considered of modern folklore paradigms, its origins can be traced to different cultures and different times. This article begins with different versions of a rumor that was spread through the internet and warned about possible AIDS infections by hidden needles in movie theater seats; and concludes by showing that this is a common motif in world literature syllabus: the Greek mythology offered us the versions of Theseus and Pirithous trapped in the Hades or the Procrustean bed, and the arthurian literature the “Siége Perilous” of Galaz, for example. Furthermore, folklores as different as the Mayan of Yucatan or the Spanish of the village of Luciana (Ciudad Real give due consideration to this topic.

  20. Plutonium uniqueness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Silver, G.L.

    1984-01-01

    A standard is suggested against which the putative uniqueness of plutonium may be tested. It is common folklore that plutonium is unique among the chemical elements because its four common oxidation states can coexist in the same solution. Whether this putative uniqueness appears only during transit to equilibrium, or only at equilibrium, or all of the time, is not generally made clear. But while the folklore may contain some truth, it cannot be put to test until some measure of 'uniqueness' is agreed upon so that quantitative comparisons are possible. One way of measuring uniqueness is as the magnitude of the product of the mole fractions of the element at equilibrium. A 'coexistence index' is defined and discussed. (author)

  1. FORGOTTEN PAGES FROM ION MACOVEI’S CREATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COCEAROVA GALINA

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to Ion Macovei’s creation, namely, to his Symphonieta Florile dalbe (lily-whiteflowers in the ver­sion for string orchestra, realized by conductor Dumitru Goia. The author presents some information about the history of this creation and analyses the six-part cycle of the Symphonieta, where every movement has its own title in Latin. The character of these miniatures which are closely connected with Moldova calendar folklore, and first of all, with the carol genre, deter­mined the use of both archetypes of the monodic melody and of the early heterophony principles as well as the mode systems characteristic of regional musical folklore. here is also an analysis of the methods of orchestration used by Dumitru Goia in the score of the Symphonieta.

  2. Environmental Hermeneutics: Ethnic and Ecological Traditions in Aesthetic Dialogue with Nature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boldonova Irina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents dialogic attitude towards nature and focuses on the aesthetic form of interaction with environment via folklore and imaginative writing. The article analyzes the development of scientific thought from human ecology to environmental hermeneutics. Hermeneutic methodology is used in the field of “aesthetics of nature”, therefore, the author applies hermeneutic categories such as tradition, historically effective consciousness, hermeneutic circle, application to cultural heritage of one of Siberia’s natives and proves the advantages, heuristic value of these categories in analyzing dialogue with nature. Aesthetic dialogue with nature is studied on the example of ethnic and ecological traditions of the Buryat nomads, who historically migrated across Central Asia, nowadays live around Lake Baikal. The author argues that revitalizing ethnic and ecological traditions in folklore and contemporary national literature presents a hermeneutic dialogue with nature and considers it a valuable resource for ethical assumptions and ecological education for sustainable development.

  3. MACUNAÍMA, O HERÓI SEM NENHUM CARÁTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. Ms. Maria Teresa Hellmeister Fornaciari

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available According to an unpublished preface, Mário de Andrade himself said that Macunaíma is an anthology of Brazilian folklore. This text aims to analyse some aspects of this folklore throughout the pages of the work seen as one of the major pillars of Brazilian literature. In addition, the fiction not only mirrors what the Brazilian man was, what he is and what he will be (? but focalizes the Brazilian writer, his deep and indispensable roots so that he can be born and flourish with resourcefulness and talent as well. This text also aims to highlight the importance on using these genuine values on art compositions as it was accomplished in the remarkable text of Mário de Andrade.

  4. Implications of rural tourism and agritourism in sustainable rural development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavia-Lorena Cut-Lupulescu

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Romania shows: a variety of historical cultural values ​​- folk art, ethnography, folklore, traditions, historical artifacts - a natural harmoniously combined with a varied and picturesque landscape background. All these are facets of Romanian rural tourism in particular. Occurred and developed by the various forms of relief since the time of the Thracian-Dacian, Romanian rural settlements kept and still keeps in good measure ancient customs and traditions, a rich and varied folklore, ethnography and folk original elements that can be travel exploited in a strategy for the organization and development of rural tourism. Rural tourism in our country always practical, but spontaneous, sporadic, random, and mostly unorganized form of manifestation is the beginning of the '20s and '30s, the casual visitor accommodation citizens of rural settlements.

  5. Eta-expansion does The Trick

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danvy, Olivier; Malmkjær, Karoline; Palsberg, Jens

    1996-01-01

    Partial-evaluation folklore has it that massaging one's source programs can make them specialize better. In Jones, Gomard, and Sestoft's recent textbook, a whole chapter is dedicated to listing such “binding-time improvements”: nonstandard use of continuation-passing style, eta-expansion, and a p......Partial-evaluation folklore has it that massaging one's source programs can make them specialize better. In Jones, Gomard, and Sestoft's recent textbook, a whole chapter is dedicated to listing such “binding-time improvements”: nonstandard use of continuation-passing style, eta...... across dynamic case expressions. This requirement precisely accounts for the nonstandard use of continuation-passing style encountered in partial evaluation. Eta-expansion thus acts as a uniform binding-time coercion between values and contexts, be they of function type, product type, or disjoint...

  6. Danish Folkloristics: between Philology and Ethnology

    OpenAIRE

    Simonsen, Michèle

    2014-01-01

    Aquest article ofereix una visió general dels estudiosos més importants del folklore danès —Svend Grundtvig, Axel Olrik, Evald Tang Kristensen, Bengt Holbek, Iørn Piø— i sosté que, encara que la majoria d’ells van ser formats originalment en filologia i sobretot es van interessar per la literatura oral, estaven tots, cadascú a la seva manera, d’acord amb l’«ecologia» del folklore: és a dir, la seva interacció amb l’entorn. Què era el «poble» (folk) i què era la «saviesa» (lore) per a aq...

  7. African Oral Literature and the Humanities: Challenges and Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enongene Mirabeau Sone

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the origin, evolution and emergence of folklore (oral literature as an academic discipline in Africa and its place in the humanities. It draws attention to the richness of indigenous knowledge contained in oral literature and demonstrates how the ethical and moral gap in the existing educational system can be filled by the moral precepts embedded in oral literature. The paper argues that African oral literature has not received the attention it deserves among other disciplines of the humanities in institutions of higher learning in Africa. It concludes that any discussion on African literature will be incomplete, and indeed irrelevant, if it does not equally give adequate attention to the oral literature of the African people. As a result, a new curriculum and pedagogy must be designed to give pride of place to folklore and oral literature as the best repository of our cultural norms and values especially in African tertiary institutions.

  8. EL MOVIMIENTO INSTITUCIONALIZADO: DANZAS FOLKLÓRICAS ARGENTINAS, LA PROFESIONALIZACIÓN DE SU ENSEÑANZA / Institutionalized movement: professional education of argentine folk dances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Belén Hirose

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available En 1948 se creó la Escuela Nacional de Danzas Folklóricas, como parte del Plan Quinquenal del primer gobierno de Juan D. Perón (1946-1952. Así se dio inicio a la profesionalización de la transmisión y difusión de las danzas folklóricas en su carácter de danzas nacionales, tarea que quedaría concretada con la formación de un cuerpo de profesores nacionales de danza. Este proceso suponía el establecimiento de criterios de selección y transformación de aquellas danzas que se consideraran adecuadas para dar materialidad, mediante coreografías, música, vestimenta y eventos, al sentimiento de la nacionalidad. El folklore académico, en pleno proceso de consolidación como disciplina científica, fue también funcional al proyecto nacional, proveyendo los criterios para la creación del repertorio de danzas que sería enseñado en Buenos Aires y transportado luego a las provincias.En este artículo nos proponemos describir el desarrollo histórico que posibilitó la institucionalización de la enseñanza de las danzas folklóricas en la Argentina, y los efectos de dicha institucionalización. Exploramos el rol que diversos grupos o individuos pertenecientes al ámbito político, cultural y/o académico, asignaron a la enseñanza de las danzas folklóricas en las diferentes etapas del proceso de construcción y fortalecimiento del estado-nación argentino.Palabras clave: danza; folklore; Argentina; docencia; peronismoAbstractIn 1948 Argentina’s National School of Folkloric Dances was created as a part of Juan D. Peron’s “Quinquennial Plan”, launched during his first administration. Thus, the transmission and diffusion of folkloric dances as national symbols began to be professionalized, the development of which was accomplish by the instruction of a troupe of national dance teachers. This process required a repertoire based on the selection and transformation of those dances considered to be adequate expressions of Argentine

  9. Menstruation in Ulysses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullin, Katherine

    2008-01-01

    This article investigates James Joyce's fascination with a wide variety of medical texts, sexual folklores, religious beliefs, and persistent superstitions about menstruation. That fascination finds its way into Ulysses, which draws upon a number of intertexts to inform a curiosity about the female body most strikingly articulated by Bloom, Molly, and Gerty MacDowell. These intertexts are not simply imported into the novel but are dismantled and interrogated, as Joyce exposes, rather than endorses, clichés of essential femininity.

  10. POMEGRANATE IN WRITTEN AND SPOKEN LITERATURE / AZERBAYCAN SÖZLÜ VE YAZILI EDEBIYATINDA NAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mehmet İSMAİL

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available According to the scientists punica’s native land isAzerbaijan. This fruit grows up in many countries allover the world and there are lots of kinds of it inAzerbaijan. This is a survey of pomegranate as it featuresin the folklore (tale, legend, myth, proverb, riddle, curse,praise, expression, folk song of Azerbaijan. And alsosome examples of folk-literature is added in which punicaexists.

  11. Роль фольклора (суеверий) США во взаимодействии культур

    OpenAIRE

    Лебедько, М.

    1999-01-01

    Being an important costituent of folklore, superstitions play a great role in cross-cultural interaction. Culture is understood here as "little-c" culture which includes way of life, customs, beliefs, behavior patterns transmitted from generation to generation. Culture patterns are well known to all native speakers. It is a shared knowledge. Because culture patterns in this case superstitions vary from culture to culture, they can easily be substituted with familiar but mostly wrong patterns ...

  12. La tradizione drammatico-performativa della cultura náhuatl nel teatro di evangelizzazione francescano

    OpenAIRE

    Sara Poledrelli

    2016-01-01

    The research follows, on one hand the evolutionary stages of evangelization theatre, on the other, traces a panorama of the different existing performative styles in pre-Hispanic times, to detect which elements of the para- dramatic indigenous rituals and protocols survived in religious theatre set up by Franciscans in the American-hispanic ground. We want to underline how the contents and the forms are the result of miscegenation and syncretism, that were folklorized after the fall of the mi...

  13. 27: BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN EVIDENCE BASED KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR KNOWLEDGE TRANSLATION

    OpenAIRE

    Mardani, Davoud; Molavi, Mehdi

    2017-01-01

    Background and aims Much of early medical and nursing practice was based on nonscientific traditions that resulted in variable and haphazard patient outcomes. These traditions and rituals, which were based on folklore, gut instinct, trial and error, and personal preference, were often passed down from one generation of practitioner to another. It has become essential for practitioners to use the best data available to make patient care decisions and carry out the scientific and evidence-based...

  14. Proceedings of the International Conference on Algebraic Methodology and Software Technology (3rd) Held in The Netherlands on June 21 - 25, 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-25

    the essence of algebraic methodology. So let us examine what algebra is. Etymology often is a key to the meaning. We asked a few of our learned...colleagues about the etymology of "algebra" and then consulted Webster. It turns out that folklore and Webster disagree on the etymology of "algebra...Engineers need to know much more than chemistry , Software Engineers will need to know more than Computer Science and Mathematics. Because we cannot

  15. Images of the Past in British Popular Music of the 1960s: ‘Relevant History’ of the Kinks

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandra Kolesnik

    2015-01-01

    In the late 1960s, British popular music, evolution of its aesthetic and thematic traits had some peculiarities. Light guitar-based music was flavored by English folklore and exceptional British subjects, live performances demonstrated certain theatricality, imagery of rock bands was linked to British cases becoming a peculiar way of exhibiting their ‘Englishness’. As a result of new British musicians’ desire to determine their own sound, they tend to rework the past and actively include nati...

  16. "Městské legendy" na pomezí oborů: antropologický, folkloristický nebo sociologický diskurs?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Janeček

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Theoretical approach to contemporary oral narratives such as „urban legends“, rumour or gossip has been always afflicted by artifical gaps between various academical fields, most notably between social sciences (social anthropology, sociology and humanities (folkloristics, literary science. Presented article briefly sumarizes some of the most interesting main theories - but also defficiences - of contemporary folklore studies in fields of folkloristics, literary theory, social antropology and sociology, and calls for multidisciplinary analysis of this phenomenon.

  17. Non pigmenting mucosal fixed drug eruption due to tadalafil: A report of two cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudip Das

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Various ′sex-stimulant′ medicines with fancy names and attractive packaging are available over the counter. Most contain phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors in various strengths, often with herbal additions. These drugs are used erratically by the lay public, driven by folklore that such usage leads to increase in the length, girth or firmness of the penis. Such indiscriminate use by an otherwise healthy population leads to undue side effects.

  18. The Visual and the mythical-poetic interpretations of sky luminaries in Lithuanian traditional textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Tumėnas, Vytautas

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyses some interconnected aspects of Lithuanian folk astronomy. The same mythical-poetic images linking sky luminaries, things in the natural world, and mythological beings as well as human beings are present in Lithuanian mythical-poetic folklore and in the names of textile ornamentations. Their semiotic net generally comprises flowers, plants, wild and domestic animals, celestial luminaries and mythical people as well as human beings and their artefacts. The investigation of i...

  19. Effect of Cultural Themes on Forming Cotard’s Syndrome: Reporting a Case of Cotard’s Syndrome with Depersonalization and Out of Body Experience Symptoms

    OpenAIRE

    Ghaffari Nejad, Alireza; Mehdizadeh Zare Anari, Ali; Pouya, Fatemeh

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Cotard’s syndrome is a rare psychiatric syndrome. Its core symptom is nihilistic ideation or delusion. Case Report: A female patient with Cotard’s syndrome symptoms associated with out of body experience and depersonalization, and complicated grief was referred for evaluation. She believed that she was killed by a creature named "Aal" in the Persian folklore Conclusions: Cultural and superstitious beliefs could affect the forming of the complex constellation of the patient’s sympto...

  20. The Interethnic and Interreligious Values in Turkish and Crimean Legends

    OpenAIRE

    Anastasiia Zherdieva

    2014-01-01

    The present paper examines interethnic and interreligious values in Turkish and Crimean folk legends. The folklore of both Crimea and Turkey has a multicultural background, which makes both corpuses of texts suitable for research. In the course of the study, a wide range of published Turkish and Crimean legends were reviewed and analysed. There are two deeply-rooted tendencies in the studied legends. First of all, the interethnic and interreligious relationships can be described as ghastly an...

  1. Stress and Arousal Symptoms in Individuals and Groups - Persian Gulf War Symptoms as a Paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-09-01

    Symptoms." Psychological Medicine, 1991:21: 1029-1045, quotation from pp. 1040-1041. 18Kellner R., "Functional Somatic Symptoms and Hypochondriasis ...quasi-specific for future patterns of research into the somatic and other consequences of combat stress, deployment stress and other stresses of...psychiatric folklore. Much of the earlier research into the somatic consequences of stress and indeed into medicine as a whole, was correlational in

  2. THE TOURISM IN THE OLTENIA REGION – STRATEGIES OF DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    GHEORGHE GABRIEL SANDA

    2017-01-01

    Oltenia is one of the nine regions of Romania. Its tourism potential refers to an ensemble of components like geographical ones, historical, folkloric, religious and cultural, which create the premise for the development of diversified forms of tourism. Taking into consideration the fact that the region is not one of the most developed regions of Romania it is necessary to attract funds from the European Union to create an image of the destination so that more tourists will co...

  3. In vitro anthelmintic activity of Heliotropium indicum, Senna fistula and Spigelia anthelmia used as worm expeller in South West Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Oluwakemi K. Sobiyi; A.O. Tom Ashafa

    2015-01-01

    The anthelmintic potential of Heliotropium indicum, Senna fistula and Spigelia anthelmia were investigated using nematodes larvae from sheep and adult earthworms in order to justify the folkloric claim of the plants as worm expeller in south west of Nigeria. The acetone, ethanol, hydro-alcohol and distilled water extracts showed dose-dependent anthelmintic activities at the different concentrations (0.25, 0.50, 1.0 mg/ml) when tested against nematodes larvae. The order of anthelmintic effect ...

  4. Tourist souvenir of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlastelica Radomir

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available If national habits and ceremonies would not comply with deeper needs and laws of human life and society, then human forces that last for centuries could not be so strong. Deepness, variety and combination of folk heritage and tourist needs was first noticed only in 20th century. Whenever was necessary to tell something in economic-tourist presentations about social problems, then the phenomenon of folklore gave that information which was most suitable.

  5. Music in Korean shaman ritual.

    OpenAIRE

    Mills, Simon R.S.

    2012-01-01

    It is hard to sum up Korean Shamanism in a few sentences but, in short, it could be described as the traditional syncretic folk religion of Korea. It mixes together ritual practices, beliefs, symbols and myths from Buddhism, Taoism, and folklore and adds elements commonly associated with nature religions and shamanism – including the use of techniques such as divination, trance, and mediumship. As with many other syncretic folk religions around the globe, there is very little in the way o...

  6. Odraz archeologizovaných krajinných prvků v etnografických pramenech

    OpenAIRE

    Pohunek, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Reflection of archaeologized landscape elements in ethnographic resources Mgr. Jan Pohunek Abstract: This thesis discusses contemporary folklore interpretations of meanings of abandoned and decaying buildings and other types of artificial immovable monuments. Mutual relations between these interpretations and modes of place usage are also being observed. The research is based on ethnographic survey focused on Czech republic and including primarily interviews with various respondents and crtit...

  7. Fósseis: Mitos e Folclore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Sequeira Fernandes

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Fossils have been familiar objects to man since the prehistoric times, with striking connotations in the folklore of several cultures. They were used as decorative elements in necklaces, regarded as heroes or giants in the classical greek and roman times, interpreted as teeth and bones of dragons, used as amulets against the bites and poisons of snakes, and as medicines to the treatment of several disorders. This article describes some of these examples.

  8. Exploring the Cytotoxic Potential of Triterpenoids-enriched Fraction of Bacopa monnieri by Implementing In vitro, In vivo, and In silico Approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Mallick, Md. Nasar; Khan, Washim; Parveen, Rabea; Ahmad, Sayeed; Sadaf,; Najm, Mohammad Zeeshan; Ahmad, Istaq; Husain, Syed Akhtar

    2017-01-01

    Background: Bacopa monnieri (BM) is a herbaceous plant traditionally used from time immemorial in Ayurvedic and folklore medicines. We hypothesized that the extract of the whole plant might contain numerous molecules with having antitumor activities that could be very effective in killing of human cancer cells. Objectives: This work investigated anticancer activity of bioactive fraction of BM. Materials and Methods: The hydroalcoholic extract of BM was fractionated with different solvent, nam...

  9. Pohádky K. J. Erbena. Problematika jejich zpracování

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Otčenášek, Jaroslav

    Suppl., 14/2 (2011), s. 152-159 ISSN 1211-975X. [Karel Jaromír Erben a úloha paměťových institucí v historických proměnách. Malá Skála, 15.04.2011-16.04.2011] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : Karel Jaromír Erben * fairy tales * folklore Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  10. Problems and progress in nature conservation in Rhodesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.F.T. Child

    1977-12-01

    Full Text Available The conflicting emotions generated around the aesthetic qualities of wildlife and its pragmatic use as a resource are a feature of human societies stretching into antiquity. On the one hand it has been, and remains, the subject of much folklore and art in societies extending from the Stone Age to the Technological Age. On the other, hunting for the necessities of life, and more recently for recreation, goes very deep into the history of the human race.

  11. The long locum: health propaganda in New Zealand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dow, Derek

    2003-03-14

    Health Department folklore since the 1950s has attributed the rise of health education in New Zealand almost entirely to the efforts of one man, 'Radio Doctor' Harold Turbott. The historical evidence reveals, however, a more extensive commitment by the Health Department, dating back to its foundation in 1900. This paper examines the evolution of health education in New Zealand and concludes that Turbott's role in its development has been overstated, largely at his own instigation.

  12. Gastronomy Heritage as a Source of Development for Gastronomy Tourism and as a Means of Increasing Slovenia’s Tourism Visibility

    OpenAIRE

    Aleš Gacnik

    2012-01-01

    Since gaining its independence in 1991, the Republic of Slovenia has seen greatly increased interest in cultural heritage and the identity of cities and especially villages. Almost every village sees its future in the development of tourism based on local heritage and identity, in a variety of ethnographic, ethnological, folklore, and cultural events and festivals. Local gastronomy specialties are becoming an integral part of tourism. But Slovenia’s history is seasoned with a romantic, nostal...

  13. „Nebyl nikterak citlivůstkářem ani básníkem, jehož svět uzavírá se v komnatě…“ Počátky českého poznávání osobnosti a díla Petka Račova Slavejkova\

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černý, Marcel

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 2, Č. 2 (2016), s. 57-85 E-ISSN 2336-6699 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Czech-Bulgarian cultural relations * Folklore studies * Literary reception * Artistic translation * Bulgarian national revival * Albanians Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision http://sites.ff.cuni.cz/studiaethnologicapragensia/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2017/01/marcel_cerny_57-85.pdf

  14. Wound-healing and antimicrobial properties of dichloromethane fraction of Dialium guineense (Wild) fruit coat

    OpenAIRE

    Nnadi Charles Okeke; K C Udeani Theophilus; Ugwu Linus Onyebuchi

    2016-01-01

    This research established the scientific bases for the folkloric use of the neglected Dialium guineense fruit coat in wound and microbial infection management in Nigeria. The phytochemical analysis of the crude extract, fractions and sub-fractions was performed by standard methods. Agar well diffusion protocol was adopted for the antimicrobial assay while the wound healing properties was determined by full thickness skin excision wound model. Phytochemical analysis showed high relative propor...

  15. La revista Demófilo y la antropología cultural en Andalucía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Becerra, Salvador

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Published since 1987 by the Machado Foundation, of Seville, Demófilo represents the resumption of scientific folklore studies in the late 19th century championed by Antonio Machado y Álvarez and published in the journal El Folk-lore Andaluz. The basic objectives of Demófilo are «to rescue, analyze and divulge Andalousia's traditional culture.» The journal is oriented toward high schools, colleges and universities in Andalousia as well as any institution interested in the traditional culture of the area, such as museums and organizations supporting Andalousia's cultural heritage. The authors also include in this article a summary of the journal's monographic issues published to date.

    Publicación de la Fundación Machado, de Sevilla, y nacida en 1987, Demófilo enlaza con su predecesora en el siglo XIX, El Folk-lore Andaluz, del movimiento sevillano de estudio científico del folklore que animara sobre todo Antonio Machado y Álvarez. Demófilo tiene como objetivos básicos «rescatar, analizar y difundir la cultura tradicional andaluza» y va dirigida especialmente a centros de enseñanza media y universidades de Andalucía, así como a instituciones interesadas en la cultura tradicional de la región, como museos y asociaciones de defensa del patrimonio cultural. Los autores incluyen también en este artículo un resumen de los números monográficos de la revista publicados hasta la fecha.

  16. CERITA RAKYAT BERBASIS MOBILE UNTUK ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Nyoman Laba Jayanta

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed at developing a mobile-based folklore with local wisdom inserted for elementary school students in which the language used is Balinese. The present research was applying System Development Life Cycle (SDLC research method. The study underwent five steps, that is, Analysis, Design, Implementation, Testing, and Evaluation. The first step of this research was need analysis of the application. In this step, the need analysis of content application and application development was done. The next step was application design including flowchart design and storyboard. The steps of development was using application design plan. In this step, the result was Balinese folklore application with local wisdom inserted. To test the function of this application, an application test was done by applying black box method. This evaluation was conducted by involving teacher and elementary school students at SDN 3 Banyuning. The result of evaluation showed that it was found 20 out of 25 students liked this folklore application with local wisdom inserted.

  17. THE PROBLEM OF THE PLOT AND THE GENRE IN N. A. RADISHCHEV’S “CHURILA PLENKOVICH, BOGATYR SONGWRITING”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga V. Zakharova

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In the 18th–19th centuries, attempts to appropriate folklore heroes and genres in literature were made. One of such literary works was N. A. Radishchev’s poem (1801 where the epic hero Churila Plenkovich became a character. Imitating the folkloric and literary tradition (Homer, Virgil, Ariosto, Voltaire, Wieland, V. A. Levshin, I. P. Bogdanovich, the author combined the images and motives of such genres as bylina (Russian epic song, fairy and literary tale, heroic and comic poem in his work. Using the storyline and retaining the main motives of Levshin’s tale, the poet added mythological and fairy images (Zmey Gorynych (dragon, Yaga, Lel’ (Lel’o, Lada to his writing, supplemented the narrative with new motives, and gave justifications for the heroes’ actions. Radishchev created literary heroes using fairytale types; he showed their sufferings, emotions and feelings. Radishchev’s Churila lost all features of the bogatyr. He is a literary hero — a handsome, good-looking, ardent and sensitive young man. Prelepa and Yaga have fallen in love with him. His feats represent a plot of romance and adventure novel; his heroic deeds are inspired by Lel’o, a god of love who gives the bogatyr strength. As a result of these transformations, an original fabulous plot and genre of the literary work appeared. The writer is precise in his defining: his Churila is a character of the epic story in verse based on folkloric and literary tale.

  18. Perancangan Komunikasi Visual Film Animasi Pendek “Sitiha dan Sisiti”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fenny Wijaya

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to acquire, collect and analyze data needed to realize the design of short animated 3D films with a folklore theme which is presented  with a visually appeal to interest spectators, especially children, so the moral message can be conveyed. The research method is to survey directly to the field, namely the cultural center of Indonesia TMII, playground and library. In addition to the literature media such as books, magazines and journals and supported with references from the internet media relating to the topic. Results to be achieved are for the moral message conveyed in this animated folklore film can be received and understood by the audience, especially children. Conclusion at the present time, visual communications media such as movies and television shows are very popular among children. So by using the medium of animated films, children will be more interested and may like local folklore again, since local productions are not of lesser quality than the outside impressions. 

  19. In Search of a National Epic: The use of Old Norse myths in Tolkien's vision of Middle-earth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tommy Kuusela

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article some aspects of Tolkien’s work with regard to his relationship to folklore and nationalism are presented. It is also argued, contrary to Lauri Honko’s view of literary epics, that pre-literary sources constitute a problem for the creators of literary epics and that their elements can direct the choice of plot and form. Tolkien felt that there was a British – but no English – mythology comparable to the Greek, Finnish or Norse ones. He tried to reconstruct the ‘lost mythology’ with building blocks from existing mythologies, and dedicated his work to the English people. In this, he saw himself as a compiler of old source material. This article considers his use of Old Norse sources. With Honko’s notion of the second life of folklore it is argued that Tolkien managed to popularise folklore material while his efforts to make his work exclusively English failed; for a contemporary audience it is rather cross-cultural.

  20. Resurrection, revenance, and exhumation: the problematics of the dead body in songs and laments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madis Arukask

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Different types of folklore texts differ from each other by their function. We can distinguish between genres meant to be believed (like legend and genres recognized in advance as fiction (fairy-tale. At the same time, textual fiction may also have served practical purposes—such as the telling of fairy-tales during the late autumn and early winter for purposes of fertility magic—as used to be the case in the Estonian folk tradition. There are folklore genres that have functioned, among other things, as an accompaniment, comment on, or support to rituals or practices being carried out—for instance, an incantation during a cure, or a lament in death-related procedures, when a person must be separated from his familiar environment. The same textual formulae fulfil different tasks in different genres, which means that they also carry a different meaning. The present paper considers some themes related to the bodily aspect of humanity in various genres of folklore, particularly in songs and laments, as well as in practices related to death and commemoration. As expected, the problems connected with the human body have in these genres undergone transformations of meaning, the understanding and interpretation of which may vary considerably. The mater­ial discussed in the article derives mainly from the Balto-Finnic and north Russian cultural area, partly from the author's own experience during his field trips.

  1. The Category of Time in Fairy Tales: Searching for Folk Calendar Time in the Estonian Fairy Tale Corpus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mairi Kaasik

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The article examines how folk calendar holidays are represented in Estonian fairy tales. It introduces some views presented in folklore studies about the concept of time in fairy tales and finds parallels with them in the Estonian context. The analysis relies on the digital corpus of Estonian fairy tales (5400 variants, created from the texts found in the Estonian Folklore Archives by the Fairy Tale Project of the Department of Estonian and Comparative Folklore, University of Tartu. Folk calendar holidays occur in Estonian fairy tales relatively seldom; most often these are holidays that occupy a significant place in the Estonian folk calendar (Christmas, St. John’s Day, Easter, St. George’s Day. Calendar holidays are notably mentioned more often in tale types which remain on the borderline between the fairy tale and the legend or the fairy tale and the religious tale. In Estonian fairy tales, calendar holidays are used on three levels of meaning: (1 the holiday is organically associated with the tale type; it has an essential role in the plot of the tale; (2 to a certain extent, the holiday could be replaced by another holiday having an analogous meaning; (3 the holiday forms an unimportant or occasional addition to the tale.

  2. Využívanie folklórnych motívov v súčasnom tanci

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denisa Benčaťová

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on a bachelor thesis which had the aim of showing the implementation of folk motifs in other types of dances apart from the folk dance styles, namely in the professional dance form of the latest demonstration of movement - in contemporary dance and physical theatre. It does not stress the issue of stylized dance folklore and its interpretation on the stage; it works with the folk motif as with a symbol depending on the particular plot of the performance. This means that the folk motif has a functional meaning, thus supplementing the nonverbal communication. This article deals with representing folklore from an interdisciplinary point of view: it uses knowledge from ethnology in identification and analysis of folk demonstrations in contemporary dance and physical theatre, and it also uses knowledge from choreology within the analysis and the structure of the particular motifs and levels of stylization. In order to achieve our aim, we have chosen the structural method and formal analysis; we have also created graphic models. We consider the key part of the paper to be the clarification of the graphic models presented, which connect the issues of occultism and initiatory rituals with issues of contemporary and folk dance. Thanks to the connections found between movement production and imitative occultism, both the principles of occultism and the ways it affects objects can be identified in the creation of movement. As a result, inferences can be drawn based on the performance analysis. This article is based on empirical knowledge: two professional dance groups and their performances serve as the example. They show the meaningful form from the content and visual points of view. When speaking about folklorism, we consider this topic to be a new one because the basics of the research concern folk dance presented in a different dance style and processed in other than its “own stylized” environment.

  3. Criteria of ‘authenticity’ in traditional Georgian musical performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabisonia Tamaz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Today we often use term ‘authentic’ in relation to different appearances of Georgian folk music. Along with the unambiguous meaning ‘real’ this term also has other meanings: ‘ethnic’, ‘rural’, ‘old’, ‘function of usual environment’, ‘traditional-stylistic’, ‘authoritative’, or ‘reproductive’. In spite of some interconnections that arise from the term ‘authentic’ and its other meanings, the most relevant way to apply this popular term for performers and audiences of ‘real folklore’ is traditionality. This factor is manifested in the following contexts: a performer (receiver and distributor of tradition, unobtrusively and orally, b motivation/function (representative and spontaneous function, hereditary, utilitarian and aesthetic-daily motivation, c repertoire (compliance of musical and verbal text’s sample with its social function, eluding canonized versions, d expression (adequate articulation, performing regulation which is not determined by the stage, traditional instrument etc.. The problem of authenticity is more successfully regulated in traditional Georgian church music than in folk music. For the latter, in this regard the special difficulty is caused by identification of modern trends that contain folk motifs. The most popular among them is distinctive, with its stylistic reminiscent layer from the Eastern Georgian Mountains, which we refer as ‘para-folkore’. Notwithstanding the fact that Georgian folklore is not centrally authorized, modernization of folklore samples and also those manifestations of post-folklore that are further away from the traditional motifs attract a wide range of listeners. Essentially, the meaning of ‘authentic’ in the Georgian ethno-musical context is presented as performance of the traditional rural repertoire with traditional articulation. However, we think that it is convenient for the criteria of traditional, usual environment to be added to this

  4. Creativity in foreign language teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Ševečková

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Developing creativity in foreign language teaching provides students with the opportunity to effectively build language skills as well as increasing their motivation for learning. Practical examples are given using folklore materials (songs, tales, etc. in learning Russian, as well as contemporary materials reflecting the culture of Russian speaking countries (films, poems, etc.. As well as increasing their ability in the target foreign language students also acquire factual information (realia through creative language games. In this paper we describe recent findings in the field and propose possible directions for future research.

  5. The Function of Native American Storytelling as Means of Education in Luci Tapahonso’s Selected Poems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widad Allawi Saddam

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Native American storytelling has become a very vital issue in education. It preserves Native American history for the next generation and teaches them important lessons about the Native American culture. It also conveys moral meanings, knowledge and social values of the Native American people to the universe. More importantly, Native American storytelling teaches people not to be isolated, and the key issues discussed in this paper are borrowed from the selected poems of Native American Luci Tapahonso: ‘The Holy Twins’ and ‘Remember the Things that you told.’   Keywords:  folklore, narrating, Native American, oral tradition, storytelling

  6. Ghost-free, finite, fourth-order D = 3 gravity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deser, S

    2009-09-04

    Canonical analysis of a recently proposed linear + quadratic curvature gravity model in D = 3 establishes its pure, irreducibly fourth derivative, quadratic curvature limit as both ghost-free and power-counting UV finite, thereby maximally violating standard folklore. This limit is representative of a generic class whose kinetic terms are conformally invariant in any dimension, but it is unique in simultaneously avoiding the transverse-traceless graviton ghosts plaguing D > 3 quadratic actions as well as double pole propagators in its other variables. While the two-term model is also unitary, its additional mode's second-derivative nature forfeits finiteness.

  7. CHAMBER VOCAL CREATIONS BY SNEJANA PÎSLARI: GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS, GENRE AND STYLE FEATURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COADĂ TATIANA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The author suggests a general characterization of the chamber vocal creations by Snejana Pîslari. The present work represents a detailed analysis of the romances, written by the composer on lyrics by M. Eminescu and N. Labiş. The author reveals the genre and style features of the chamber vocal works composed by S. Pîslari and the eccentricity of the musical language. Another landmark of the present work is S. Pîslari’s individual composition style which is distinguishable by the use of experimental ideas with elements of folklore, as well as by the use of new means of musical expressivity.

  8. Locality or non-locality in quantum mechanics: hidden variables without ''spooky action-at-a-distance''

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aharonov, Y.; Scully, M.

    2001-01-01

    The folklore notion of the ''Non-Locality of Quantum Mechanics'' is examined from the point of view of hidden-variables theories according to Belinfante's classification in his Survey of Hidden Variables Theories. It is here shown that in the case of EPR, there exist hidden variables theories that successfully reproduce quantum-mechanical predictions, but which are explicitly local. Since such theories do not fall into Belinfante's classification, we propose an expanded classification which includes similar theories, which we term as theories of the ''third'' kind. Causal implications of such theories are explored. (orig.)

  9. La tradizione drammatico-performativa della cultura náhuatl nel teatro di evangelizzazione francescano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Poledrelli

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The research follows, on one hand the evolutionary stages of evangelization theatre, on the other, traces a panorama of the different existing performative styles in pre-Hispanic times, to detect which elements of the para- dramatic indigenous rituals and protocols survived in religious theatre set up by Franciscans in the American-hispanic ground. We want to underline how the contents and the forms are the result of miscegenation and syncretism, that were folklorized after the fall of the missionary theatre, and crystallized into a popular dramatic repertoire which exhibits strong survivals of native culture, sometimes only subtly hidden under the Christian and European appearance.

  10. Origins of the "Western" Constellations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Roslyn M.

    The development of the 48 Greek constellations is analyzed as a complex mixture of cognitive layers deriving from different cultural traditions and dating back to different epochs. The analysis begins with a discussion of the zodiacal constellations, goes on to discuss the stellar lore in Homer and Hesiod, and then examines several theories concerning the origins of the southern non-zodiacal constellations. It concludes with a commentary concerning the age and possible cultural significance of stars of the Great Bear constellation in light of ethnohistorical documentation, folklore, and beliefs related to European bear ceremonialism.

  11. The other radios: Alternative scenario in Peru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Rivadeneyra-Olcese

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Peruvian radio shows a huge diversity in direct proportion to its multiculturality, the same which shows a process full of different influences of social actor which have produced a complex and extremely rich scenario, that is also filled with opportunities and challenges. Beyond the great capital commercial radio are the other radios, small companies, provincial, from church or the mayor or small business owners sons of folkloric melomania, different actors with a passion to establish a new media. The multiple motivations produce a scenario with many types of radio that we wishes to start knowing.

  12. Formalizing Implementation Strategies for First-Class Continuations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danvy, Olivier

    1999-01-01

    . These abstract machines are proven equivalent to a standard, substitution-based abstract machine. The proof techniques work uniformly for various representations of continuations. As a byproduct, we also present a formal proof of the two folklore theorems that one continuation identifier is enough for second......-class continuations and that second-class continuations are stackable. A large body of work exists on implementing continuations, but it is predominantly empirical and implementation-oriented. In contrast, our formalization abstracts the essence of first-class continuations and provides a uniform setting...

  13. Star names their lore and meaning

    CERN Document Server

    Allen, Richard H

    1963-01-01

    Here is an unusual book for anyone who appreciates the beauty and wonder of the stars. Solidly based upon years of thorough research into astronomical writings and observations of the ancient Chinese, Arabic, Euphrates, Hellenic, and Roman civilizations, it is an informative, non-technical excursion into the vast heritage of folklore and history associated with the heavenly bodies. From his studies of the writings of scores of ancient astronomers, the author has come up with a fascinating history of the names various cultures have given the constellations, the literary and folkloristic uses

  14. Examples of the Motif of the Shrew in European Literature and Film

    OpenAIRE

    Vasvári, Louise O.

    2001-01-01

    In her article "Examples of the Motif of the Shrew in European Literature and Film" Louise O. Vasvári presents the shrew-taming story as a masterplot of both Eastern and Western folklore and literature concerned with establishing the appropriate power dynamic between a married couple. Vasvári firts reviews the comparative groundwork of the story she has documented in her earlier studies of the topic. In addition to tracing the bundle of motifs that make up the shrew story from medieval Arabic...

  15. Cichorium intybus: Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, and Toxicology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renée A. Street

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The genus Cichorium (Asteraceae is made up of six species with major geographical presence in Europe and Asia. Cichorium intybus, commonly known as chicory, is well known as a coffee substitute but is also widely used medicinally to treat various ailments ranging from wounds to diabetes. Although this plant has a rich history of use in folklore, many of its constituents have not been explored for their pharmacological potential. Toxicological data on C. intybus is currently limited. This review focuses on the economic and culturally important medicinal uses of C. intybus. Traditional uses, scientific validation, and phytochemical composition are discussed in detail.

  16. Essays on the history of brazilian dipterology: III. Three remarkable notices from the 18th century, mainly related to myiasis-producing flies (Cochliomyia and Dermatobia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Papavero

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper registers reports about dipterans made by three Portuguese who lived in Brazil during the 18th century. Luiz Gomes Ferreira, in his book "Erário mineral" ["Mineral revenue"], wrote curious passages related with myiasis-causing flies of the genus Cochliomyia. José Rodrigues de Mello registered, in Latin verses, the folklore for curing myiases caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax in cattle. Luiz dos Santos Vilhena, in the last of his twenty letters dealing with several aspects of life in Brazil, made reference to horseflies, human bot flies and mosquitos.

  17. Semiotics of Otherness in Japanese Mythology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshiko Okuyama

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the tropes of "otherness" embedded in Japanese myths and legends in which the protagonist has a physical or intellectual disability to uncover the sociohistorical attitudes toward such people in Japan. Using the theory of semiotics, I will explicate the narrative signifiers of "the Other" represented in Japanese mythology; examine the binary perceptions of disability in ancient myths, medieval literature, and latter-day folklore in Japan; and demonstrate how perceptions have changed historically. I argue that some of these antique perceptions of the Other that have survived in contemporary Japanese consciousness may be hampering our effort to understand human variation.

  18. THE CATEGORY „HOME” IN THE ANTROPOLOGICAL SPACE OF CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    COMENDANT TATIANA

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The present work considers the category „Home” in the anthropological space of culture. The authors analyze the typology of human nature within the cultural-historical space. The article also underlines the semantic recurrence of the archetypes of the category „Home” in the archaic forms of social conscience such as: mythology, folklore etc. Special attention is given to the treatment of this category in holy religious texts. Emphasis is laid on the characteristic features of the process of modifying the category „Home” in contemporary reality.

  19. The threat from without

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lassi Saressalo

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Of greatest importance in ethnic folklore are the recognised and unrecognised elements that are used when founding identity on tradition. For the aim of ethnic identification is to note and know the cultural features that connect me with people like me and separate me from people who are not like me. Every group and each of its members thus needs an opponent, a contact partner in order to identify itself. What about the Lapps? The ethnocentric values of ethnic folklore provide a model for this generalising comparison. 'They' are a potential danger, are unknown, strange, a threat from beyond the fells. They are sufficiently common for the group's ethnic feeling. It is here that we find tradition, folk tales, describing the community's traditional enemies, describing the threat from without, engendering preconceived ideas, conflicts and even war. The Lapps have never had an empire, they have never conquered others' territory, they have never engaged in systematic warfare against other peoples. For this reason Lapp tradition lacks an offensive ethnic folklore proper with emphasis on aggression, power, violence, heroism and an acceptance of the ideology of subordinating others. On the contrary,Lapp folklore is familiar with a tradition in which strangers are always threatening the Lapps' existence, plundering their territories, burning and destroying. The Lapp has always had to fight against alien powers, to give in or to outwit the great and powerful enemy. In the Lapp tradition the staalo represents an outside threat that cannot be directly concretised. If foes are regarded as concrete enemies that may be defeated in physical combat or that can be made to look ridiculous, a staalo is more mythical, more supranormal, more vague. One basic feature of the staalo tradition is that it only appears as one party to a conflict. The stories about the Lapp who succeeds in driving away a staalo threatening the community, to outwit the stupid giant or to kill

  20. AHP 47: THE BUDDHA IMAGE EATS RTSAM BA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pad+ma skyabs པདྨ་སྐྱབས།

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available I was born in 1990 in Rin chen Village, Rgan gya Township, Bla brang County - one of seven counties in Mdo lho (Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province. My paternal grandfather (b. 1940 told me that my grandmother's grandparents moved to Rina chena in about 1902 from Rdo dbus Village, Mtsho sngon Province. As a child, I herded yaks and sheep with others and often heard Uncle Ston pa stories, jokes, and other folklore. The last half-century has seen many changes in people's lives. Today, villagers cultivate rape and barley. ...

  1. ONCE AGAIN ABOUT GHOSTS: IN DREAMS, IN THE DAYLIGHT, IN THE ETYMOLOGY

    OpenAIRE

    A. Loma

    2015-01-01

    The paper aims to reconsider the etymology  of South-Slavic folklore term neveda  ‘maleficent supernatural being, misfortune’, hitherto interpreted as *ne-věda,  a compound consisting of the negative prefix *neand the verbal stem *věd‘to see > to know’.  However,  the late attestation of the word (20th  century) and instances of the initial cluster dnreduced to n(Dnemrak 1839, today Nemrak) suggest another Common Slavic  protoform underlying, *dьne-věda  ‘apparition in daylight’, a variant...

  2. Forcing the Bull into its knees: the Mithraic Strife in Modern Arthuriana

    OpenAIRE

    Sanz Mingo, Carlos A.

    2009-01-01

    Mithraism is one of the most mysterious religions in the World. In fact, it was a mystery, a cult where initiates were supposed to remain silent about it to the profanes. These cults also offered the promise of eternal salvation them. Little is known about Mithras and its cult, and so it remains more than a mystery. We could say almost the same about Arthuriana and some of its most important characters: they are a mystery in History, Folklore and Literature. However, British author Bernard Co...

  3. Horror Infiniti. Die Zigeuner als Europas Trickster

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Piasere

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The figure of trickster is well known to all folklore traditions round the world, even among Romanispeaking groups as beng (devil like in the Mediterranean and Balkan context. But the focus of thearticle concerns the transformation of Roma and other Gypsies themselves into tricksters, whichcan be shown in three examples: 1 Gypsies in the literature of the Italian Renaissance, 2 Gypsiesin the Rumanian Þsiganiada of the early 19th century and 3 the Gypsy cliché in the ethnographyof the 20th century, which comes near to the bricoleur of Lévi-Strauss or to an indefinable entitycomparable with the irrational numbers in mathematics.

  4. INSUFFICIENTLY UTILIZED NATURAL TOURIST RESOUCES OF SOUTHERN SERBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Trajković

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available South Serbia is highly attractive for tourists due to its homogenous relief structures, rich historical heritage and pleasant natural wealth of flora and fauna, natural mineral and thermal springs and rivers, and bodies of water. It has a unique and outstanding historical and cultural heritage, monuments, monasteries, authentic folklore, music and traditions, and traditionaly hospitable Serbian hosts. It has many hot springs, health resorts, natural phenomena, the potential for sports fields, numerable events, which all gives the possibility for further development of this economic niche.

  5. Bacteria and vampirism in cinema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castel, O; Bourry, A; Thévenot, S; Burucoa, C

    2013-09-01

    A vampire is a non-dead and non-alive chimerical creature, which, according to various folklores and popular superstitions, feeds on blood of the living to draw vital force. Vampires do not reproduce by copulation, but by bite. Vampirism is thus similar to a contagious disease contracted by intravascular inoculation with a suspected microbial origin. In several vampire films, two real bacteria were staged, better integrated than others in popular imagination: Yersinia pestis and Treponema pallidum. Bacillus vampiris was created for science-fiction. These films are attempts to better define humans through one of their greatest fears: infectious disease. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  6. Jono Basanavičiaus pamokos

    OpenAIRE

    Grigaravičius, Algirdas

    2012-01-01

    Although it is difficult to reveal the extent of Jonas Basanavičius‘ accomplishments, their valuable significance can be clearly perceived. The passing time encourages to evaluate everything as quickly and as concisely as possible, but also poses a threat that such urgency can result in yet one more monumental inscription. Doctor J. Basanavičius‘ work has been more or less evaluated in folklore, anthropology, mythology areas; the publishing of “Aušra“ [The Dawn], organization of the Great Ass...

  7. Peaaegu nagu inimene. Miks ja mida räägitakse lemmikloomadest

    OpenAIRE

    Maarja Villandi

    2006-01-01

    In the present work I analyse stories told about pets in groups. Stories about pets can be regarded as folklore because it is oral lore and those stories can normally not be found in literary sources. They are based on personal experiences or stories heard from other people. There are three requirements for a situation which to be favourable for the storytellers: contact between two or more persons; the situation creates an atmosphere of storytelling; an interest in pets by at least one pe...

  8. Vaikas destrukcinės tematikos moksleivių eiliavimuose

    OpenAIRE

    Macijauskaitė-Bonda, Jurgita

    2013-01-01

    The article focuses on the contemporary children’s folklore genre of “sadistic verses”. “Sadistic verse” is a short comic destructive poem where the main character is a child who gets himself in a dangerous situation and in consequence looses his life. In some variants, “a little boy” himself becomes violent and in his cruel games harms an adult. “Sadistic verses” came to Lithuania from Russian tradition, but did not become very popular as it happened there. Even though a few poems were known...

  9. Neuro-pharmacological potentials of Buchholzia coriacea (Engl.) seeds in laboratory rodents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onasanwo, S A; Obembe, O O; Faborode, S O; Elufioye, T O; Adisa, R A

    2013-06-01

    Buchholzia coriacea, taken by elderly, has phytochemicals that have neuro-active metabolites, and the folklore documented its use in neuro-behavioural despairs. This study was conducted to investigate the neuro-pharmacological potentials of Buchholzia coriacea (MEBC) seed extract in the laboratory rodents. Methanol extract of the seeds on B. coriacea (MEBC) was evaluated for its antidepressant (Forced Swimming Test and Tail Suspension Test), anxiolytic (Light-Dark Test, Hole Board Test and Elevated Plus Maze), antinociceptive (Hot-Plate and Tail Flick test) and motor coordination (Rota Rod) functions in mice. Our findings showed antidepressant activity (P neuro-physiological disorders like depression, anxiety and pain.

  10. Psichotropiniai augalai lietuvių tradicijoje

    OpenAIRE

    Senvaitytė, Dalia

    2006-01-01

    Plants affecting the mind played an important role in the therapeutic and spiritual practice of many societies. Sorcerers in various parts of the world used special hallucinogenic materials to fall into a trance and to see “another dimensions”. In different regions, plants with special properties have been used by so-called “witches” in order to prepare various “magic potions”. Traces of analogous tradition can also be found in Lithuanian culture. It can be found in Lithuanian folklore and wr...

  11. D Representation of the 19TH Century Balkan Architecture Using Scaled Museum-Maquette and Photogrammetry Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiou, E.; Karachaliou, E.; Stylianidis, E.

    2017-08-01

    Characteristic example of the Balkan architecture of the 19th century, consists the "Tower house" which is found in the region of Epirus and Western Macedonia, Greece. Nowadays, the only information about these heritage buildings could be abstracted by the architectural designs on hand and the model - Tower that is being displayed in the Folklore Museum of the Municipality of Kozani, Greece, as a maquette. The current work generates a scaled 3D digital model of the "Tower house", by using photogrammetry techniques applied on the model-maquette that is being displayed in the Museum exhibits.

  12. The role and importance of Tuvan literature and teaching it in schools in the preservation and development of Tuvan language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidiia Kh. Oorzhak

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The authors of the article start off by expressing their concern about the level of command of Tuvan by the younger generation, especially children. Preserving and developing Tuvan language is impossible without literature in Tuvan and teaching it in schools and other educational institutions. The article deals with the issues of teaching Tuvan literature in secondary comprehensive schools of the Republic of Tuva. The authors also provide an overview of textbooks of Tuvan literature compiled at the laboratory of Tuvan philology, Institute for the Development of National Schools of the Republic of Tuva, in compliance with the Federal educational standards of Russian Federation. The textbook provide the mandatory minimum of the standard-provided content of general education and guarantee the required quality of knowledge for school graduates. In 2013-2017, textbooks titled «Tөreen chogaal» (Literature in the Native Tongue were compiled and published for Grades 5-9, as well as two accompanying textbooks for Grades 5 and 6. The textbooks rely on the methodological principles of the study program «Tyva aas chogaaly bolgash literatura. Niiti өөredilge cherleriniң 5-11 klasstarynga chizhek programma» (Tuvan folklore and literature. Sample Study Program for Grade 5-11 of Comprehensive Schools. In comparison to the previous generation of textbooks, these have been largely updated both in their structure and scope of its content. The texts were grouped in the following categories: “Folklore, the nation’s boundless treasury”, “From folklore to literary genres”, “The world of childhood”, “The world of wonders”, “Holy places”, “The Stars of Victory” and “Animal world”. They prominently feature folklore texts, including shaman songs; tests and creative tasks have also been developed. In terms of their content and methodology, the textbooks intend to familiarize students with the spiritual, moral and aesthetic values of

  13. The Hyena: Witch's Auxiliary or Nature's Fool?

    OpenAIRE

    Dunham, Margaret

    2006-01-01

    Le texte publié sera accompagné des enregistrements sonores et de l'analyse interlinéaire de deux contes mettant en scène des hyènes.; Although the hyena cannot be considered a 'keystone' animal in Valangi culture, through its associations with witchcraft, it nevertheless holds an important place in the collective imagination and in the traditional folklore.; Bien que l'hyène ne puisse pas être considérée comme animal 'clé de voûte' dans la culture Valangi, elle tient néanmoins une place impo...

  14. Toward a Generative Model of Legend: Pizzas, Bridges, Vaccines, and Witches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy R. Tangherlini

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available We propose a generative model of the legend. The model is elaborated based on two case studies, the first of contemporary storytelling related to vaccination on parenting blogs, and the second of historical storytelling related to witchcraft and folk healing in nineteenth century Denmark. The model reveals the interdependent levels of the multiscale model, solving a problem of poor fit related to many two level models of folklore genre structure. The model supports the study of rumor, and the dynamics of storytelling, including the hyperactive transmission state of “viral” stories.

  15. A CHRISTIAN LAYER IN "POSOLON" BY A. M. REMIZOV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rozanov U. V.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated by the first book by a famous Russian writer of the 20th century A. M. Remizov, Posolon (1906 based on Slavic folklore material. Analyzing independent miniatures of the book (Young Monk, Korochun, Midsummer Lights, Prayer the author identifies the layer of Christian images: demons, angels, korocun, legends of the Midsummer night, child as an innocent sacrifice etc. Autobiographical motives and historical prototypes are identified for some characters: clergyman G. S. Petrov, priest Gapon. The Christian layer is implemented in Posolon on a wide scale from "people's Orthodoxy" to secret allusions to the most important events in the history of the Russian church and the State.

  16. On Collecting and Publishing the Albanian Oral Epic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arbnora Dushi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to examine how the Albanian epic known as the ‘Cycle of the Frontier Warriors’ has been presented in Albanian folklore collections. I will examine seven written versions of the song ‘The Wedding of Ali Bajraktari’, which belongs to this epic cycle. The ‘Cycle of the Frontier Warriors’, has been an object of collection since the beginning of the twentieth century. There are now dozens of volumes published, but the studies published to date concentrate on historical, thematic and comparative rather than contextual and textual issues.

  17. Bibliographie

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    1. Livres Actas del II Congreso Internacional sobre los Dominicos y el Nuevo Mundo, Salamanca, 28 de marzo-1 de abril de 1989, (ed. José Barrado), Salamanca, ed. San Esteban, 1990. Acosta Saignes, Miguel, Estudios de folklore venezolano, Caracas, Imprenta universitaria, Instituto de Antropología e Historia, 1962. Acosta Saignes, Miguel, Vida de los esclavos negros en Venezuela, Caracas, Hispérides ed, 1967. Aguirre Beltran, Gonzalo, Medicina y magia. El proceso de aculturación en la estructur...

  18. Correlations in Werner States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luo Shunlong; Li Nan

    2008-01-01

    Werner states are paradigmatic examples of quantum states and play an innovative role in quantum information theory. In investigating the correlating capability of Werner states, we find the curious phenomenon that quantum correlations, as quantified by the entanglement of formation, may exceed the total correlations, as measured by the quantum mutual information. Consequently, though the entanglement of formation is so widely used in quantifying entanglement, it cannot be interpreted as a consistent measure of quantum correlations per se if we accept the folklore that total correlations are measured (or rather upper bounded) by the quantum mutual information.

  19. Fra syner og varsler til psykoterapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steffen, Vibeke

    2016-01-01

    The capacity to receive occult messages and look into the future is claimed by individuals in most societies and probably always has been. A century ago, information of such indi-viduals was collected and saved in the Danish Folklore Archives as cultural heritage to be preserved for future...... generations. Time has shown, however, that the occult is still in demand. In present day Denmark as elsewhere, clairvoyance is a popular service offered at the alternative market for counselling and healing. In contrast to the seers of the past, whom we can only know from the accounts of folklorists...

  20. ACADEMIC GENEALOGIES WITH RESPECT TO NARRATIVE IN HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES AND THEIR IMPLICATION FOR PUBLIC POLICIES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujii, Satoshi; Hasegawa, Taiki; Nakano, Takeshi; Hatori, Tsuyoshi

    In human and society science, narrative is regarded as an important issue to understand dynamic actions of human being and society. Therefore, narrative is also expected to be important for public policies that try to improve dynamic actions of human being and society. In th is study, we review academic genealogies with respect to narratives including western philosophy, hermeneutics, historical science, historical philosophy, literary criticism, clinical psychology and sociology, narrative psychology and folklore. Then we discuss how narrative can be pragmatically applied for public policies.

  1. Sweet Marjoram

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bina, Fatemeh; Rahimi, Roja

    2016-01-01

    Origanum majorana L. commonly known as sweet marjoram has been used for variety of diseases in traditional and folklore medicines, including gastrointestinal, ocular, nasopharyngeal, respiratory, cardiac, rheumatologic, and neurological disorders. Essential oil containing monoterpene hydrocarbons and oxygenated monoterpenes as well as phenolic compounds are chemical constituents isolated and detected in O majorana. Wide range of pharmacological activities including antioxidant, hepatoprotective, cardioprotective, anti-platelet, gastroprotective, antibacterial and antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiatherosclerosis, anti-inflammatory, antimetastatic, antitumor, antiulcer, and anticholinesterase inhibitory activities have been reported from this plant in modern medicine. This article summarizes comprehensive information concerning traditional uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities of sweet marjoram. PMID:27231340

  2. AHP 35: Tibetan Marmot Hunting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangs rgyas bkra shis སངས་རྒྱས་བཀྲ་ཤིས།

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the hunting, cooking, and eating of marmots among pastoralists in Gcan tsha thang (Jianzhatan Township, Gcan tsha (Jianzha County, Mtsho sngon (Qinghai Province, PR China. Folklore positing a connection between humans and marmots is discussed and Sangs rgyas bkra shis provides a story about local marmot hunters and gives accounts from his paternal grandmother (Pa 10 skyid, b. 1941 about marmot hunting in 1958. A conclusion suggests directions for future research. Accounts of marmot hunting and marmot product use from Yul shul (Yushu and Dkar mdzes (Ganzi Tibetan autonomous prefectures, a map of Mtsho sngon, and six photographs provide further detail.

  3. THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET: A HISTORY OF HEALTH

    OpenAIRE

    Altomare, R.; Cacciabaudo, F.; Damiano, G.; Palumbo, V.; Gioviale, M.; Bellavia, M.; Tomasello, G.; Lo Monte, A.

    2013-01-01

    The Mediterranean tradition offers a cousine rich in colors, aromas and memories, which support the taste and the spirit of those who live in harmony with nature. Everyone is talking about the Mediterranean diet, but few are those who do it properly, thus generating a lot of confusion in the reader. And so for some it coincides with the pizza, others identified it with the noodles with meat sauce, in a mixture of pseudo historical traditions and folklore that do not help to solve the question...

  4. El mundo del libro: mayo de 1963

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Rodríguez Garavito

    1963-05-01

    Full Text Available El documento presenta las reseñas de los siguientes títutlos: Huellas -Por Luis Ernesto Puyana. Bucaramanga, Colombia. Panorama del Folklore Venezolano. Biblioteca de Cultura Universitaria - Caracas. Vitral de Bruma. Helvia de Bodmer. Editorial Antares. Bogotá. Una introducción al arte. F. Gil Tovar. La Mala Hora. Gabriel García Márquez. Premio Literario ESSO. 1961. Camus el Justo. C. Hourdin. Editorial Estela. Barcelona, España. Don Antonio Nariño. Fernando Galvis Salazar. -Drama en once cuadros. Bogotá, Colombia.

  5. Undead Blond Hair in the Victorian Imagination: The Hungarian Roots of Bram Stoker’s "The Secret of the Growing Gold"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abigail Heiniger

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Hungarian folktale “Woman with Hair of Gold” is a part of what Nina Auerbach calls feminine mythos in Woman and the Demon. It is a story about the murder and revenge of a “very strange but beautiful woman with golden hair as fine as spun gold.” This paper explores how Bram Stoker’s short story “The Secret of the Growing Gold” reworks this folktale, stripping away its uniquely feminine voice, to create a story expressing British Victorian racial anxieties. The message of Teutonic superiority, which Stoker links with Hungarian folklore, is this author’s most dangerous and nefarious fiction.

  6. The Roots of Beowulf

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, James R.

    2014-01-01

    The first Beowulf Linux commodity cluster was constructed at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in 1994 and its origins are a part of the folklore of high-end computing. In fact, the conditions within Goddard that brought the idea into being were shaped by rich historical roots, strategic pressures brought on by the ramp up of the Federal High-Performance Computing and Communications Program, growth of the open software movement, microprocessor performance trends, and the vision of key technologists. This multifaceted story is told here for the first time from the point of view of NASA project management.

  7. THE PIANO COLLECTION SPRING MOOD BY O.P.NEGRUTSI: STYLISTIC AND GENRE FEATURES OF THE WORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUPALOVA ELENA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the focus of this article is the music collection by O. Negrutsi „Spring Mood”, published in 2009 and edited by I .Stolyar. The piano Miniatures, that are different in variety of artistic ideas and content, are included in this anthology. All the works included in this collection have a number of teaching and performing features, a typical figurative and emotional system, evi­dent technical issues based on national folklore. All this makes them indispensable for the pedagogical and concert repertoire of the Special Piano course in the secondary and higher educational institutions of the Republic of Moldova.

  8. Concerning coal: an anthology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mayer, M.; Hawse, M.L.; Maloney, P.J. [eds.

    1997-12-31

    The anthology takes a humanistic look at coal mining in Illinois. One of its goals is to increase public awareness of coal in American society; it also seeks to enhance understanding of the historical aspects of coal and to study the impact of coal on mining families. Many of the 25 selections in the anthology come from Coal Research Center publications, `Concerning coal` and `Mineral matters`. Articles are arranged in three parts entitled: life in the mining community; mining in folklore, story telling, literature, art and music; and technology as it affected the people of the coal fields. 117 refs., 25 photos. 1 map.

  9. Analgesic activity of Nelsonia canescens (Lam.) Spreng.root in albino rats

    OpenAIRE

    Mohaddesi, Behzad; Dwivedi, Ravindra; Ashok, B. K.; Aghera, Hetal; Acharya, Rabinarayan; Shukla, V. J.

    2013-01-01

    Present study was undertaken to evaluate analgesic activity of root of Nelsonia canescens (Lam.) Spreng, a folklore medicinal plant used as the one of the source plant of Rasna. Study was carried out at two dose levels (270 mg/kg and 540 mg/kg) in albino rats. Analgesic activity was evaluated in formalin induced paw licking, and tail flick methods whereas indomethacin and pentazocine were used as standard analgesic drugs, respectively. At both the dose levels, test drug non-significantly decr...

  10. Kiril Christov - pevec neudovletvoren, no neizpadašt v otčajanie... Kăm văprosa za rannata recepcija na tvorčestvoto mu v Čechija (do 1918 g.)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černý, Marcel

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 5, č. 10 (2017) ISSN 1314-9067 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Khristov, Kiril * Prague * artistic translation * literary reception * Czech-Bulgarian cultural relations * Bulgarian opera * literary adaptation of folklore * eroticism * Šak, Vladislav * Tichý, František Rut Tichý = Broman, Zdeněk * Macháň, Karel * Páta, Josef Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision OBOR OECD: Specific literatures http://www.abcdar.com/magazine/X/%C4%8Cern%C3%BD_1314-9067_X.pdf

  11. El folclore como instrumento político: Los Coros y Danzas de la Sección Femenina

    OpenAIRE

    Asunción Criado, Ana de la

    2017-01-01

    En este artículo se muestran las notables vinculaciones que el folclore tuvo con la política durante la dictadura franquista. A través de la Sección Femenina, el régimen convirtió el folclore en un instrumento de adoctrinamiento social y en una herramienta política a su servicio en cuestiones nacionales e internacionales The present article shows how folklore was linked to politics during Franco dictatorship. Through the Sección Femenina (Women’s Section) the regime made it an instrument o...

  12. ТУРЪТ (BOS PRIMIGENIUS BOJANOS, 1827 (ARTIODACTYLA, MAMMALIA В ПРИРОДАТА И КУЛТУРАТА НА БЪЛГАРИЯ

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    Nikolai Boev

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Numerous published data of osteology, craniology, folklore, toponimy, linguistics, archaeology and art-history on the former distribution and biological characteristics of the Aurochs have been gathered and analyzed. Based on these scattered various evidences, a general synthesis on the biology, morphology, ecology, bihaviour and the reasons for the disappearence and total exctinction of the Aurochs, is presented for the first time in the Bulgarian literature. New findings from Forum Serdica (pr. Sofia; 16-18th c. AD prove the species' existence in two remote regions in Bulgaria – NE Bulgaria (Veliki Preslav, and CW Bulgaria (Sofia; at least 16th c. AD, almost a century before its total disappearance in Poland (1627. Contents: 1. Foreword; 2. Distribution and disappearance of the Aurochs beyond the Balkan Peninsula; 3. Aurochs, wisents and buffalos in the ancient sources; 4. Distribution and disappearance of the Aurochs on the Balkan Peninsula and in Bulgaria; 5. Habitats; 6. Habitus and size; 7. Coloration; 8. Head; 9. Horns; 10. Biology and behavior; 11. Origin and taxonomy; 12. Domestication; 13. Utalitary significance; 14. Hunt; 15. The last Aurochs; 16. The Aurochs in the scientific collections; 17. The Aurochs in the Bulgarian legends and folklore; 18. The Aurochs in the mythology; 19. The Aurochs in the etymology; 20. Conclusions.

  13. Movies: the Audience Favorites

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    Alexander Fedorov

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Modern screen art over its success to the use of folklore, myth, synthesis of the natural and supernatural, and a consistent orientation toward the most popular plot schemes. Their metaphorical appeal is not to the rational but to the emotional, through identification with the magic power of heroes and standardization of ideas, situations, characters and so on in compensation for dreams not realized in life, there are illusions – happy endings. In movies, TV shows, and music videos' rhythmic organization, viewers' feelings are influenced as much by the order of changing shots as by the content of productions. On the basis of the foregoing, it can be concluded that the media texts of popular culture obliged to a variety of factors for its success. These include: reliance on folklore and mythological sources, constancy metaphors, focus on consistent implementation of the most persistent plot schemes, the synthesis of the natural and the supernatural, the appeal not to rational and emotional, through the identification of (imaginary transformation in of active characters merge with the atmosphere, the aura of works, “magic power” of heroes, standardization (replication, unification, adaptation ideas, situations, characters, etc., mosaic, seriality, the compensation (of the cherished illusion, but not come true desires, the happy ending, the use of such rhythmic organization movies, TV shows, clips, where the feeling of the audience with the content of the frame affects the order of their shift; intuitive guessing subconscious audience interests, etc.

  14. PERAN DONGENG BAGI PERKEMBANGAN DAN PEMBENTUKAN KEPRIBADIAN ANAK

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    Ipriansyah Ipriansyah

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:Various forms of folklore such as fairy tales are almost extinct because they are less popular compared to some TV shows. Even though various forms of folklore are only a fewbut it teaches positive values that are useful for children's development. Tale, for example, is believed to have an important role in helping cognitive development such as language, thought, and sosioemosional of a child such as emotions and personality. A fairy tale is quite reasonable to have an important role toward the development of children. Development is a pattern of change as a result of biological, cognitive, and sosioemosional processes which has begun  from the time of conception until the rest of a lifetime .Among periods of human development, there is a phase of human development which refers to the storytelling phase, that  is when a child is in the age of  5 to 8 years. Kata kunci: fairy tales/stories, child development, child's personality

  15. Contrary to nature : Inuit conception of witchcraft

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    Daniel Merkur

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available The present contribution to the phenomenology of witchcraft will depend for its data on the traditional conceptions, rites, and folklore of witchcraft among the Inuit (Eskimo of Čanada and Greenland. A phenomenological definition of witchcraft may be obtained through recognition of its position within Inuit religion. Like many native North Americans, the Inuit epitomized their religion in the concept of balance. The Polar Inuit understood religion to have the function "to keep a right balance between mankind and the rest of the world". Without exception, the rites of Inuit witchcraft were rites of Inuit religion that were made unnatural, through the alteration of one or more features. Because counterclockwise ritual motions were specific to witchcraft, the expression "contrary to nature" may be understood to epitomize the Inuit's own appreciation of witchcraft. Whether witchcraft depended on deliberate violations of traditional observances, on malicious uses of magic formulae and songs, and/or on ritual motions, witchcraft proceeded "contrary to nature". Thus, witchcraft can be defined as special practices, which together with the beliefs and folklore surrounding them, are believed to be innately disruptive of the balance between mankind and the numina. Because it is contrary to nature, witchcraft is innately anti-social. The disruption of the balance of mankind with the numina is not the private act of the witch against a victim, but a danger for the entire community.

  16. Estonian folk traditional experiences on natural anticancer remedies: from past to the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sak, Katrin; Jürisoo, Kadi; Raal, Ain

    2014-07-01

    Despite diagnostic and therapeutic advancements, the burden of cancer is still increasing worldwide. Toxicity of current chemotherapeutics to normal cells and their resistance to tumor cells highlights the urgent need for new drugs with minimal adverse side effects. The use of natural anticancer agents has entered into the area of cancer research and increased efforts are being made to isolate bioactive products from medicinal plants. To lead the search for plants with potential cytotoxic activity, ethnopharmacological knowledge can give a great contribution. Therefore, the attention of this review is devoted to the natural remedies traditionally used for the cancer treatment by Estonian people over a period of almost 150 years. Two massive databases, the first one stored in the Estonian Folklore Archives and the second one in the electronic database HERBA ( http://herba.folklore.ee/ ), containing altogether more than 30 000 ethnomedicinal texts were systematically reviewed to compile data about the Estonian folk traditional experiences on natural anticancer remedies. As a result, 44 different plants with potential anticancer properties were elicited, 5 of which [Angelica sylvestris L. (Apiaceae), Anthemis tinctoria L. (Asteraceae), Pinus sylvestris L. (Pinaceae), Sorbus aucuparia L. (Rosaceae), and Prunus padus L. (Rosaceae)] have not been previously described with respect to their tumoricidal activities in the scientific literature, suggesting thus the potential herbal materials for further investigations of natural anticancer compounds.

  17. On the composition of modal structures of Tuvan traditional songs

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    Ayasmaa D.-B. Baranmaa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important aspects of musical language of song folklore of Tuvans – the scale – is as yet underinvestigated in contemporary Tuvan musicology. The author is studying the effect of structural principles in scale and sound gamut of Tuvan folk songs. The theory of monodic scales (S.P. Galitskaya, E.V. Gertsman, Yu.G. Kon, Kh.S. Kushnarev, etc. forms the methodological basis for the analysis. The object of our studies are manuscripts of traditional Tuvan songs published by Russian musicologists (A. N. Aksenov, Z. K. Kyrgys, etc. serves as material base for analysis. The analysis revealed that traditional Tuvan songs are usually based on two- or three-part composite gamut structures. This significantly enriched the substantial aspect of the process by complicating types of links between the sounds, making the medium more profound, compact and complete. Scale links and subscales were detected that can interconnect in four manners (discrete, monolithic, catenary, inclusive. Conjunction principles are illustrated by a few folk songs. Catenary and inclusive manners of conjunctions have been noticed to be dominating. A vast variety of different link combinations has been detected. This is a point where intonational abundance of folklore melos reveals its inexhaustibility.

  18. Noi restituiri enesciene

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    Țăranu

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The article refers to George Enescu’s early creation or, more precisely, to what is preserved from this section in the archives of the George Enescu Museum in Bucharest. ”The fantasy for violin and orchestra”, which dates from 1896–1897 is an unsigned and unfinished score, without a well-defined stylistic individuality, the first part of ”Concert for piano and orchestra” (1897 still tending to a classic paradigm, with certain post-Brahmsian echoes, the variants of a ”Suite Roumaine” (1896, to be considered for the presence of folkloric ”engrams”, the ”Piano Suite in Four Hands” (1898, stylistically representing the academic area and finally, ”Pastorale Fantezie pour petit orchestre” (1899, which take place on more personal stylistic coordinates come one by one into the attention of the author. George Enescu’s school works denote a sovereign dominance of classical forms, an admirable mastery in symphonic construction, a remarkable feeling of the features of concert and chamber music. The research highlights the evolution of the young composer in time, his stylistic maturity, the gradual change of his creative optics: from the preoccupation for the academic exigencies to his own language, marked by elements of the Romanian folklore and announcing the appearance of the two ”Romanian Rhapsodies”

  19. Quantification of total tannin, flavonoid contents and pharmacognostic study of the seeds of Swietenia mahagoni (Linn.

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    Tasmia Rahman

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To justify the folkloric use of Swietenia mahagoni (S. mahagoni seeds, 90% ethanolic extract and their aqueous and organic partitioning substances were evaluated for their possible antidiarrhoeal and antimicrobial potentials in vivo. Methods: Crude ethanolic extract of S. mahagoni seeds were subjected and partitioned into fractions using solvents at different polarity. Antimicrobial and antidiarrheal activities were evaluated and subsequently outcomes were corresponded with the conventional standard drugs. Results: The antidiarrheal activity was assessed using mouse model, where unfractionated ethanolic extract significantly reduced, the number, onset, rate and weight of diarrheal episodes. This fraction showed the limited number of defecation episodes of 27.0% and 40.9% at dose of 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg body weight respectively and reference drug, loperamide, showed 53% at a dose of 50 mg/kg. All extract fractions exhibited the significant potential to kill or subside the growth of known Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Conclusions: Ethanolic extract and their aqueous and organic fractious revealed the seeds of S. mahagoni (Linn. have the potential to be used as a remedy for diarrhea and known pathogenic microbes which ensured the folkloric use of the seeds of S. mahagoni.

  20. Daži semantiski atšķirīgi homoģenētiski krāsu nosaukumi latviešu un lietuviešu valodā (zils : žilas, ruds : rudas

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    Anta Trumpa

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available MANCHE SEMANTISCH UNTERSCHIEDLICHE HOMOGENETISCHE FARBENBENENNUNGEN IN DER LETTISCHEN UND LITAUISCHEN SPRACHE (zils : žìlas, ruds : rùdasZusammenfassungIm Beitrag sind zwei formal entsprechende, aber semantisch unterschiedliche Wortpaare der lettischen und litauischen Sprache – lett. zils ‘blau’ : žìlas ‘grau’, ruds ‘rötlich, rotbraun’ : rùdas ‘braun’ – analysiert. Auf der Basis von Angaben der Mundarten, der etymologischen Untersuchungen, der alten Wörterbücher und Texte wie auch Folklore wurde versucht festzustellen, welche der beiden Sprachen die altertümlichere Bedeutung aufbewart hat und welche semantische Prozesse in der Bedeutungsentwicklung dieser Farbenbenennungen geschehen sind.Die Analyse dieser Farbenbenennungen lieβ auch manche allgemeine Schlussfolgerungen ziehen: 1 die Wahrnehmung von Farben ist subjektiv, deshalb ist bei Farbenbenennungen die Möglichkeit der semantischen Differenziation gröβer als bei Adjektiven insgesamt; 2 offensichtlich ist ein Teil der Farbenbenennungen in relativ später Periode in jeder Sprache unabhängig entstanden; 3 alte Farbenbenennungen haben sich nicht selten in der Folklore, besonders in den Volksliedern, erhalten.

  1. Sangku Mencari Riang: Pertemuan Sangkuriang dan Oidipus dalam Perlawanan terhadap Takdir dan Nasib

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    Giri Mustika Roekmana

    2013-11-01

    Sangku Looking For Riang Theatre: performances: Sangkuriang meetings and Oedipus in the fight against Destiny and Fate. “Sangku Mencari Riang” is a story which describes the meet of Sangkuriang from Sundanese and Oidipus from Ancient Greek. This story was created as a continuation story of folklore Sangkuriang of Sunda with the story of the Greek tragedy of Sophocles’s work, that is Oidipus the King. Through the intertext study, then, a new interpretation of the story was created, and finally the story of “Sangku Mencari Riang” was offered with its new meaning as well. This story will be perfomed to approach the concept of the folk theater of Sundanese which is regarded as flexible and dynamic, and has a dynamic structure. This concept will be combined with some elements found in the classical Greek theater, in which there is a choir role with poetic words in any dialogues on the performance. Moreover, the use of media which gives the impression of refinement masks of the characters and the ritualistic and aesthetic views for spectators are given to this concept as well. Therefore, these two concepts will provide a new perspective in the work space of theatrical arts creation. Then the result of the collaboration between the two concepts will be seen in the performance with musical powers, essential thematic, visual aesthetics, and oral dynamics, and afterward it will be supposed to give rise to any great attraction for the spectators. Key words: folklore, intertext, Sundanese myth, Greek Theater.

  2. Validation of ethnopharmacological uses of Heliotropium strigosum Willd. as spasmolytic, bronchodilator and vasorelaxant remedy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janbaz, Khalid H; Javed, Sana; Saqib, Fatima; Imran, Imran; Zia-Ul-Haq, Muhammad; De Feo, Vincenzo

    2015-06-06

    Heliotropium strigosum is used in traditional medicine to manage gastrointestinal pain, respiratory distress and vascular disorders. The present study was undertaken to provide scientific evidences for these folkloric uses by in vitro experimental settings. A crude methanol extract of the Heliotropium strigosum (Hs.Cr) was tested in vitro on isolated rabbit jejunum preparations to detect the possible presence of spasmolytic activity. Moreover, isolated rabbit tracheal and aorta preparations were used to ascertain the relaxant effects of the extract. The Hs.Cr exhibited relaxant effects in rabbit jejunum in a concentration dependent manner (0.01-3.0 mg/ml). The Hs.Cr also relaxed K(+) (80 mM)-induced spastic contractions in rabbit jejunum and shifted the Ca(2+) concentration response curves towards right. The extract relaxed carbachol (1 μM)- as well as K(+) (80 mM)-induced contractions in rabbit trachea at concentrations ranging from 0.01 to 10 mg/ml. Moreover, Hs.Cr. also relaxed (0.01-3.0 mg/ml) the phenylephrine (1 μM)- and K(+) (80 mM)-induced contractions in isolated rabbit aorta. The Hs.Cr was found to exhibit spasmolytic, bronchodilator and vasorelaxant activities on isolated rabbit jejunum, trachea and aorta preparations, likely mediated through Ca(2+) channel blockade. This finding may provide a scientific basis for the folkloric uses of the plant.

  3. Music can effectively reduce pain perception in women rather than men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghaffaripour, Sina; Mahmoudi, Hilda; Sahmeddini, Mohammad Ali; Alipour, Abbas; Chohedri, Abdolhamid

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays music is used to decrease pain and increase relaxation in clinical settings. It is hypothesized that music can affect women more easily than men. We assessed the effect of two types of music (Iranian folkloric and preferred music) on pain tolerance and pain rating in cold pressor test. A consecutive sample of 50 healthy Iranian medical students was enrolled. They reported pain tolerance and pain rating in cold pressor test in three different musical conditions served as the outcome measures. The results were analyzed with repeated measurement analysis of variance. Mean tolerance time was significantly higher in preferred music compared to Iranian folkloric music (F (1,48) =25.44, p=0.0001) and no music (F(1,48)=3.51, p=0.0001) conditions. There was a significant interaction when tolerance time in no music condition was compared to preferred music condition, regarding sex; Tolerance time increased more in females (F(1,48)=5.53, p=0.023). The results also indicated that pain ratings, regardless of sex, were different in three musical conditions (F(1.7,81.34)=15.37, p=0.0001). Music distracted attention from pain and Women can be impressed and distracted more easily by music.

  4. Song forms from Kustilj and neighbouring villages

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    Kristina PLANJANIN SIMIC

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Song-forms constitute one of the four sub-categories of folklore within the classification of children’s folklore The song-forms reflect children's responses in relation to nature. They are dedicated to animals that children find interesting and dear. In the distant past, they were performed at fixed hours and days, on certain places and there was a number of their repetition, but over the past centuries, they lost the initial position and became the motive for play and recreational activities for children. In the examples collected for this paper, what can be observed and singled out are a few basic melodic and rhythmic motifs that also occur in children's songs around the world, the connection between children's rhythm with the text, simplicity and the syllable of melody as well as the fact that the tone of these songs often relates to archaic diatonic infra-pentatonic series. In addition to educational and entertainment features, these songs reveal a mentality, way of thinking, creativity and spiritual development of a generation that will grow up at the beginning of the 21st century.

  5. Buddhism, the status of women and the spread of HIV/AIDS in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klunklin, Areewan; Greenwood, Jennifer

    2005-01-01

    The common-sense construction of Buddhism is that of a general power for good; the less positive aspects of Buddhism's power, especially when reinforced by folklore and ancient superstition, is infrequently recognised. In this article we make explicit Buddhism's less positive power, particularly as it relates to the status of women and, by implication, its role in the human immunodeficiency (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic in Thailand. The Buddhist, folklore, and superstitious bases of Thai misogyny are explored, together with its expression in the differential gender roles of women and men. In addition, the attitudes of both women and men to commercial sex workers (CSWs) and condom use is discussed. The implications of these attitudinal analyses to the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Thailand is outlined. We argue that the current spread of HIV/AIDS in Thailand is primarily a function of the inferior status of women, which, in turn, is a function of Buddhism and Thai cultural beliefs. In light of this, some realistic strategies to address the problem also are discussed.

  6. The role of personality in the transmission of cultural forms an example of the bearer of regional traditions in central Moravia (the ethnographic area of Haná

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    Válka Miroslav

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The ethnographic area of Haná in Central Moravia (Czech Republic has been among distinctive ethnographic regions since the 16th century. Even though traditional regional forms had gradually disappeared as a consequence of the modernization of village life, these returned alongside new functions in terms of national consciousness from the late 19th century. It was the intelligentsia, mainly teachers, priests, physicians and artists, who contributed to the spread of these forms. The personalities´ activities did not stop even in the 20th century. The teacher Marie Pachtová (born 1932 is an example of one such person (in study by Miroslav Válka. She not only led a children´s folklore ensemble, moderated programmes aimed at presentation of folklore, and worked as a lector, but she also tries to involve older folk traditions of Haná in the present cultural calendar of the town where she lives. Among other things, she was instrumental in the preservation of the production of Easter eggs from Haná which are decorated with stuck-on straw. She paid similar attention to the ceremonial pastries. With the focus of this example, it is possible to prove the transformations of regional culture´s expression into the contemporary social life as well as the mechanism of the creation of a new tradition.

  7. Eta-Expansion Does The Trick

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danvy, Olivier; Malmkjær, Karoline; Palsberg, Jens

    1995-01-01

    Partial-evaluation folklore has it that massaging one's source programs can make them specialize better. In Jones, Gomard, and Sestoft's recent textbook, a whole chapter is dedicated to listing such “binding-time improvements”: nonstandard use of continuation-passing style, eta-expansion, and a p......Partial-evaluation folklore has it that massaging one's source programs can make them specialize better. In Jones, Gomard, and Sestoft's recent textbook, a whole chapter is dedicated to listing such “binding-time improvements”: nonstandard use of continuation-passing style, eta...... across dynamic case expressions. This requirement precisely accounts for the nonstandard use of continuation-passing style encountered in partial evaluation. Eta-expansion thus acts as a uniform binding-time coercion between values and contexts, be they of function type, product type, or disjoint......-expansion, and a popular transformation called “The Trick.” We provide a unified view of these binding-time improvements, from a typing perspective. Just as a proper treatment of product values in partial evaluation requires partially static values, a proper treatment of disjoint sums requires moving static contexts...

  8. BYLINA AS A LITERARY GENRE

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    Olga V. Zakharova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The bylina is a Russian epic song about the bogatyrs. Diff erent genre transformations of bylinas are known in folklore: prosaic narrations [pobyval’shchiny], bogatyr tales, legends about the bogatyrs, lubok tales about the feats of the bogatyrs and knights. In the early 19th  century, Russian literature was actively absorbing epic images and motives: the bogatyrs were turning into characters of novellas, literary tales, poems, novels, operas. Some poets and writers were attempting to develop the bylina as a literary genre. Their genre search was a  creative imitation of Th e Tale of Igor’s Campaign [“Slovo o polku Igoreve”] published in 1800 and in some cases of the Collection of Kirsha Danilov (1804. One of the first attempts was Gavrila R. Derzhavin’s work Dobrynya, Dramatic Musical Performance in Five Acts [“Dobrynya, teatral’noe predstavlenie s muzykoyu, v pyati deystviyakh”, 1804]. Glorifying the idea of the state, the poet composes a work where epic and literary characters act and the plot is derived not only from bylinas and tales, but also from chivalric novels. In Stepan S. Andreev’s poem Levsil, a Russian Bogatyr [“Levsil, russkiy bogatyr’”, 1807] the hero is not only a folkloric (epic and fabulous character, but also a literary one. Alexander F. Veltman’s novel Koshchei the Immortal. A Bylina of the Old Times [“Koshchey bessmertnyy. Bylina starogo vremeni”, 1833] was an ingenious genre experiment. The word ‘bylina’ was used in its title in  the literary genre meaning for the fi rst time ever. The genre of Easter novella Ilya Muromets. A Tale from the Rus’ of the Bogatyrs [“Il’ya Muromets. Skazka Rusi bogatyrskyi”, 1836] by Vladimir I. Dahl emerged from a complicated interaction of the tale, the bylina, the Old Russian novella and the hagiography. The literary transformations of folkloric genre stemmed from the authors’ imaginative need to create a national and historical myth

  9. Cytotoxic activity of Thai medicinal plants against human cholangiocarcinoma, laryngeal and hepatocarcinoma cells in vitro

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    Itharat Arunporn

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cholangiocarcinoma is a serious public health in Thailand with increasing incidence and mortality rates. The present study aimed to investigate cytotoxic activities of crude ethanol extracts of a total of 28 plants and 5 recipes used in Thai folklore medicine against human cholangiocarcinoma (CL-6, human laryngeal (Hep-2, and human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2 cell lines in vitro. Methods Cytotoxic activity of the plant extracts against the cancerous cell lines compared with normal cell line (renal epithelial cell: HRE were assessed using MTT assay. 5-fluorouracil was used as a positive control. The IC50 (concentration that inhibits cell growth by 50% and the selectivity index (SI were calculated. Results The extracts from seven plant species (Atractylodes lancea, Kaempferia galangal, Zingiber officinal, Piper chaba, Mesua ferrea, Ligusticum sinense, Mimusops elengi and one folklore recipe (Pra-Sa-Prao-Yhai exhibited promising activity against the cholangiocarcinoma CL-6 cell line with survival of less than 50% at the concentration of 50 μg/ml. Among these, the extracts from the five plants and one recipe (Atractylodes lancea, Kaempferia galangal, Zingiber officinal, Piper chaba, Mesua ferrea, and Pra-Sa-Prao-Yhai recipe showed potent cytotoxic activity with mean IC50 values of 24.09, 37.36, 34.26, 40.74, 48.23 and 44.12 μg/ml, respectively. All possessed high activity against Hep-2 cell with mean IC50 ranging from 18.93 to 32.40 μg/ml. In contrast, activity against the hepatoma cell HepG2 varied markedly; mean IC50 ranged from 9.67 to 115.47 μg/ml. The only promising extract was from Zingiber officinal (IC50 = 9.67 μg/ml. The sensitivity of all the four cells to 5-FU also varied according to cell types, particularly with CL-6 cell (IC50 = 757 micromolar. The extract from Atractylodes lancea appears to be both the most potent and most selective against cholangiocarcinoma (IC50 = 24.09 μg/ml, SI = 8.6. Conclusions The

  10. Book reviews / Mare Kõiva, Tatiana Volodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõiva, Mare, 1954-

    2017-01-01

    Arvustus: Vinokurova, Irina. Mifologiia vepsov. Entsiklopedii. [Encyclopaedia of Vepsian Mythology]: 2015. Petrozavodsk: Izdatel'stvo PetrGU, 524 pp. : Беларускi фалклор : Матерыялы i даследаваннi: зб. навук. прац. [Belarusian Folklore: Materials and Research]. Галойны редактар Т. В. Валодзiна. Вып. 1-4. Минск: Беларуская навука, 2014-2017.

  11. BOOK REVIEW. FUNCTION AND MEANING OF NGUSABA GEDE LANANG KAPAT RITUALS IN TRUNYAN VILLAGE

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    Nopita Trihastutie

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This book is the result of a historical, sociological and cultural study on the Ngusaba Gede Lanang Kapat ritual promoted by the Preservation Office of Balinese Cultural Values. In his forwards, the chairman states that this book is an effort to save the endangered cultural work and to load the local content in the areas where this work culture is alive and thriving (p. xi. Conducted in Trunyan, a village in which the daily life of the people governed by customary law, the result of the study presented in this book, as noted in the authors’ remarks (p. xii, provides a comprehensive understanding of Trunyan local genius as expressed in their customary rules, arts, rituals, and folklores.

  12. Comparative assessment of onion and garlic extracts on endogenous hepatic and renal antioxidant status in rat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suru, Stephen M; Ugwu, Chidiebere E

    2015-07-01

    Despite growing claims of functional health benefits in folkloric medicine, the safety of chronic/elevated intakes of onion and garlic cannot be assumed. Therefore, this study assesses oral administration of varied doses of onion and garlic on some biomarkers of hepatic and renal functions in rats. Animals were divided into five groups: control group received vehicle and extract-treated groups received varied doses of onion or garlic extract (0.5 mL and 1.0 mL/100 g bwt/day) for 6 weeks. Both doses of onion caused marked (pgarlic elicited similar trend except in hepatic CAT, renal SOD and GST levels. A high dose of garlic only caused marked (pgarlic significantly (pgarlic, while high dose of garlic elicited pro-oxidant conditions.

  13. Le celebrazioni del mondo contadino e le pratiche del teatro in ambiente naturale: un confronto

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    Anna Bianchi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops a chapter of my dissertation, L’arte del percepire: esperienze contemporanee di Teatro nella Natura in Italia (The art of perception: contemporary Italian experiences of Theatre in theNature. I propose a particular point of view over these theatre practices: I claim that they can beapproached and analytically compared to some features of rural teatrality and rituality, such asidentified by Paolo Toschi in his classical book, Le origini del teatro italiano, a ground study for understanding the connections between theatre and folklore. Actually we can identify long-lastingdevices (procession, singing, storytelling, dance, ritual which were typical of rural teatrality andrituality, and which occur, as well, in contemporary theatre practices in the nature, despite the radicaldifferences that separate popular tradition from contemporary theatre research

  14. TIGER NUT (CYPERUS ESCULENTUS: SOURCE OF NATURAL ANTICANCER DRUG? BRIEF REVIEW OF EXISTING LITERATURE.

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    Elom Seyram Achoribo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available In some parts of the world, Cyperus esculentus L. is widely used as a healthy food for both humans and animals due to their nutritional and functional properties. Current research and reviews on this plant have focused mainly on organoleptic properties, phytochemical compositions, oil content, biochemical activities, and nutritional values. The medicinal properties of Tiger nut are seldom discussed, although its medicinal use is well known in folklore activities. To explore the medicinal properties of Tiger nut, This review tries to investigate the potential anticancer properties of components issued from Tiger nut by reviewing the existing literature in the field. Based on the evidence from the review, it is recommended that there is a need for further investigation into the proposed anticancer properties of Tiger nut.

  15. “They Played it on Saturday Nights in a Barn.” Gramophone Practices and Self-Made Modernity in Finland from the 1920s to the 1940s

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    Tiina Männistö-Funk

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article studies rural gramophone use in Finland from the 1920s to the 1940s, based on source material of written memories related to the long Nordic tradition of folklore surveys. The characteristic rurality of the Finnish pre-war and war-time society offers an opportunity to study the non-urban appropriation of modern technology and to approach rural modernity as locally produced on the one hand, but crucial to the societal and cultural modernisation processes on the other. The article uses a practice theoretical approach and argues for an understanding of grass-root modernity as a dynamic system of practices combining old and new elements. By scrutinising the material elements, meanings and competencies linked together in rural gramophone practices, the article describes and analyses diverse forms of rural activity and innovativeness around the gramophone, peaking in the popular phenomenon of secret dances during the Second World War.

  16. Robert J. Flaherty and Seáinín Tom Ó Dioráin: Lights, Camera, and (Not Too Much Action

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    Tomás Ó h-Íde (Ihde

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Famed director Robert Flaherty’s first direct sound film, Oidhche Sheanchais, was recently discovered at Harvard University. This article discusses the impact that the discovery will have on our understanding of this short film, especially as concerns film studies and folklore. It notes several misunderstandings reported in the literature over the years that have now been set right with the finding of the film. The article points to resources held in archives in Ireland and the United States that can additionally address questions related to this film. While a noteworthy contribution to the filmography of Robert Flaherty, the short ‘talkie’ must be approached with caution by folklorists due to the coaching of actors and cinematographic editing.

  17. Armenian Cultural Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmanyan, S. V.; Mickaelian, A. M.

    2015-07-01

    Cultural Astronomy is the reflection of sky events in various fields of nations' culture. In foreign literature this field is also called "Astronomy in Culture" or "Astronomy and Culture". Cultural astronomy is the set of interdisciplinary fields studying the astronomical systems of current or ancient societies and cultures. It is manifested in Religion, Mythology, Folklore, Poetry, Art, Linguistics and other fields. In recent years, considerable attention has been paid to this sphere, particularly international organizations were established, conferences are held and journals are published. Armenia is also rich in cultural astronomy. The present paper focuses on Armenian archaeoastronomy and cultural astronomy, including many creations related to astronomical knowledge; calendars, rock art, mythology, etc. On the other hand, this subject is rather poorly developed in Armenia; there are only individual studies on various related issues (especially many studies related to Anania Shirakatsi) but not coordinated actions to manage this important field of investigation.

  18. ENIAC in action making and remaking the modern computer

    CERN Document Server

    Haigh, Thomas; Rope, Crispin

    2016-01-01

    Conceived in 1943, completed in 1945, and decommissioned in 1955, ENIAC (the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) was the first general-purpose programmable electronic computer. But ENIAC was more than just a milestone on the road to the modern computer. During its decade of operational life, ENIAC calculated sines and cosines and tested for statistical outliers, plotted the trajectories of bombs and shells, and ran the first numerical weather simulations. " ENIAC in Action "tells the whole story for the first time, from ENIAC's design, construction, testing, and use to its afterlife as part of computing folklore. It highlights the complex relationship of ENIAC and its designers to the revolutionary approaches to computer architecture and coding first documented by John von Neumann in 1945. Within this broad sweep, the authors emphasize the crucial but previously neglected years of 1947 to 1948, when ENIAC was reconfigured to run what the authors claim was the first modern computer program to be exe...

  19. Cathair Crobh Dearg: From Ancient Beliefs to the Rounds 2017

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    Frédéric Armao

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper will study the case of the stone enclosure of Cathair Crobh Dearg, Co. Kerry (also referred to as the City and Dá Chích Anann (or the Paps of Anu, the twin mountains that can be seen from the enclosure. The site is mentioned in ancient mythological texts as well as more modern accounts in connection with the Irish festival of Bealtaine, in early May. The author relied on archaeological evidence, an analysis of ancient documents, a number of manuscripts from the Irish National Folklore Collection, as well as personal visits to the site in order to try and understand the nature, and possibly origin, of both contemporary rituals and ancient beliefs.

  20. Orgulho ou vergonha? O Mané do Rosário: manifestação do patrimônio cultural intangível de Poxim, Coruripe, AL, Brasil

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    Priscylla Silva

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the relationship between a cultural manifestation and its own community. It’s resulted of a research project from Federal University of Alagoas, named “Survey intangible cultural heritage of Penedo and Coruripe - Alagoas.” The project was realized from 2007 until 2008, and as its title explains itself, had to order to identify some of the intangible cultural manifestation in these municipality. One of the study objects of the project was the “Mané do Rosário,” an authentic folklore party from Poxim village (Coruripe- AL. Then, the order of this paper it’s to identify the relationships established between the cultural manifestation the “Mané do Rosário” and the Poxim population itself.

  1. Some considerations on the evolution of the genre of opera in the creation of composers from bessarabia

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    MORARU EMILIA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present paper is dedicated to revealing some stylistic and genre peculiarities characteristic of the opera creations written by composers from Moldova. The author considers it to be necessary to bring out, at the beginning, some important historical events that marked the destiny of culture of the space between the Dniester and the Prut, events that contributed to the foundation of an opera theatre and a national music school. The proceedings of valorising folklore, the utilized musical language and the composition thinking of the opera creations from Moldova are identiied in the article starting with 1924 (on the debut of the first opera and up to 2004 (the last „word” said in this genre.

  2. REFLECTIONS ON THE ORNAMENTAL PHENOMENON WITHIN THE REPERTOIRE OF TRADITIONAL VIOLONISTS IN THE HISTORICAL MOLDOVAN FOLK SPACE

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    GRIB VITALIE

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The eclectic style in the interpretative manner of the younger generation of traditional violinists, which oft en distorts the aesthetic essence of folklore creations, has determined the need for research, scientifi c reasoning and elaboration of some methods of learning the traditional ornamental instrumental style, which can be general or individual, yet specifi c to the historical Moldovan folk space. To achieve this, we consider important to identify the types of ornaments in traditional instrumental music; to delimit the interpretative particularities of ornaments in literate and folk music; to analyse the ornamentation styles of songs within the repertoire of diff erent traditional violinists, that belong to the folk space investigated in terms of the type of creation. As a model for analysing the particularities of interpreting these ornaments, we select violinists from older generations, whose repertoire and style of execution has not been aff ected by the media and technological progress.

  3. WORKS FOR CLARINET AND ACCOMPANIMENT IN OLEG NEGRUŢA’S COMPOSITION REPERTOIRE

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    MUŞAT SERGHEI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Oleg Negruţa’s composition repertoire for solo instruments with accompaniment, of which clarinet opuses are highlighted, is important for indigenous musical art. In a vast genre complex, it confirms the composer’s constant commitment to the idea of the Bessarabian professional school. In this sense, as relevant works can be considered the three pieces for clarinet and piano: Improvisation, Fantasy on a Theme by Paganini and Elegy. However, this article is meant to offer details in an analytical way about Negruţa’s specific language and, moreover, to emphasize the author’s mastery of combining folklore elements with others characteristic ofjazz, both being treated according to the canons of academic music.

  4. LINGUISTIC AND CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RUSSIAN AND ENGLISH CHILDREN'S SONGS

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    Ms. Valeria A. Buryakovskaya

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Linguistic and cultural specificity of children's songs is determined by the extralinguistic and linguistic characteristics that most clearly are seen in the light of comparative analysis. For a long historical period there was a stream of cultural phenomena from Western Europe to Russia including the UK, which is reflected in the language including children's songs. The purpose of the study is to identify the similarities and differences of children's songs in Russian and English folklore cultures. It is established that the main differences of the Russian song culture from the European one are determined by historical, religious, regional, ethnic, musical, poetic and other traditions. The similarities are observed in the structural, phonetic and genre-themed events. At the same time, Russian and English children's songs differ from each other in their lexical-grammatical and stylistic peculiarities, the set of concepts and characters.

  5. Gastronomía típica margariteña como atractivo turístico del municipio Antolín del Campo. Estado Nueva Esparta (Notas de investigación

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    Morales A., Rebeca

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This work deals with the actual situation of the typical gastronomy from Margarita Island as a tourist attraction of Antolín del Campo municipality. All the elements are determined, the gastronomical products are sorted according to what is sold in the restaurants of the municipality and the type of pro-motion was identified. The restaurants owners` and tourist opinion about the typical gastronomy from Margarita island as a tourist attraction was got. This is a descriptive research. In conclusion the typical gastronomy from Margarita island is not taken into consideration as an element of the Margarita island folklore. It is offered as an option of the menu but no as a main course. The restaurants that sell the typi-cal dishes do not offer any kind promotion of them

  6. Development of pharmacognostic profile of Alpinia galanga,Willd. (Zingiberaceae

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    Shrikant Sharma

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Alpinia galanga, Rosc. (Zingiberaceae, commonly known as Kulanjan, Greater galangal, well known Ayurvedic herb and found throughout India. It is an Indian folkloric Ayurveda medicine primarily used as a medicine due to its anti-bronchitis, anti-inflammatory, intermittent fever, anti-cough, gastric disorder anti-bacterial, properties; The aim of present study was to gather information for the systematic identification and authentication of this particular species and pharmacognostic standardization of aerial part (leaves and underground part (Rhizome of this plant as per WHO guidelines. The result obtained in the present investigation might be useful in the drug industry for the identification, authentication & quality of the commercial samples supplied by suppliers. The present study may also be used for making monographs on this plant for different pharmacopoeias & official books.

  7. Khaghani is the Architec of Languge and Imaginary

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    Mohammad Hossein Karami

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In Azerbaijani style due to strong language and motifs, Khaghanie’s poem is outstanding. Although there are some difficulty in understanding his verses, but using lingual devices like alliteration, creating new compound, virtual language, coining new words, attention to internal and external music and side rhythm, make his poem melodious. High frequency of alligory and finding new motifs are what make his poem close to Indian style. Of course there are some elements like educated language and epic tone that make his poetry different from Indian ones. Khaghani also has powerful imaginery and benefit from folklores and current belifes of his age in order to endow best effect to his poem. In this article we try to show the aesthetic aspects of his verses and also distinguish the poetic devices he has practiced and clarify how these devices can help reader to understand the beauty of his verses .

  8. Antimalarial activity of methanolic leaf extract of Piper betle L.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Adhroey, Abdulelah H; Nor, Zurainee M; Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M; Amran, Adel A; Mahmud, Rohela

    2010-12-28

    The need for new compounds active against malaria parasites is made more urgent by the rapid spread of drug-resistance to available antimalarial drugs. The crude methanol extract of Piper betle leaves (50-400 mg/kg) was investigated for its antimalarial activity against Plasmodium berghei (NK65) during early and established infections. The phytochemical and antioxidant potentials of the crude extract were evaluated to elucidate the possibilities of its antimalarial effects. The safety of the extract was also investigated in ICR mice of both sexes by the acute oral toxicity limit test. The leaf extract demonstrated significant (P Piper betle leaves is toxicologically safe by oral administration. The results suggest that the Malaysian folklorical medicinal application of the extract of Piper betle leaf has a pharmacological basis.

  9. Phenomenal Physics: A Guided Inquiry Curriculum for Pre-College Education, Teacher Preparation, and Conceptual Physics Instruction at the College Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harkay, Russell

    2007-10-01

    The philosophy behind the text is one which emphasizes not just knowledge acquisition, but the opportunity and ability to do science. The student becomes the scientist! Further, every attempt is made to take full advantage of real-life experience with activities designed to integrate into and expand existing world views. The physics encountered is real rather than theoretical or hypothetical. Activities are designed to confront potential problems due to ``Aristotelean thinking'' or preconceived notions based on popular ``folklore'' rather than sound science. Skepticism is encouraged as is a healthy respect for the limitations and proper applications of models. The writing style and even the illustrations are constructed in a manner intended to give the book a user friendly ``feel.'' Some humor and whimsy (particularly in titles of activities) help to convey this sense of approachability. Every attempt has been made to reach out and speak to students on a personal level.

  10. Syntactic accidents in program analysis: on the impact of the CPS transformation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damian, Daniel; Danvy, Olivier

    2003-01-01

    We show that a non-duplicating transformation into Continuation-Passing Style (CPS) has no effect on control-flow analysis, a positive effect on binding-time analysis for traditional partial evaluation, and no effect on binding-time analysis for continuation-based partial evaluation: a monovariant...... control-flow analysis yields equivalent results on a direct-style program and on its CPS counterpart, a monovariant binding-time analysis yields less precise results on a direct-style program than on its CPS counterpart, and an enhanced monovariant binding-time analysis yields equivalent results...... on a direct-style program and on its CPS counterpart. Our proof technique amounts to constructing the CPS counterpart of flow information and of binding times. Our results formalize and confirm a folklore theorem about traditional binding-time analysis, namely that CPS has a positive effect on binding times...

  11. Syntactic Accidents in Program Analysis: On the Impact of the CPS Transformation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daniel, Damian; Danvy, Olivier

    2000-01-01

    We show that a non-duplicating transformation into Continuation-Passing Style (CPS) has no effect on control-flow analysis, a positive effect on binding-time analysis for traditional partial evaluation, and no effect on binding-time analysis for continuation-based partial evaluation: a monovariant...... control-flow analysis yields equivalent results on a direct-style program and on its CPS counterpart, a monovariant binding-time analysis yields less precise results on a direct-style program than on its CPS counterpart, and an enhanced monovariant binding-time analysis yields equivalent results...... on a direct-style program and on its CPS counterpart. Our proof technique amounts to constructing the CPS counterpart of flow information and of binding times. Our results formalize and confirm a folklore theorem about traditional binding-time analysis, namely that CPS has a positive effect on binding times...

  12. Cultura negra e educação

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    Nilma Gomes Lino

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is focused on the relation between culture, black culture and education. Black culture is presented as a cultural peculiarity – historically constructed by a specific ethnic / racial group – extant in the Brazilian way of life, independent of its ethnic origins. However, it predominates among the descendants of enslaved Africans in Brazil, that is, among the black segment of the population. In the specific case of Brazilian school education, it is understood that the discussion on black culture cannot disregard the existence of racism and inequality between black and white people in our society. Such a consideration will distance us from the educational practices, which still insist on classifying black culture as part of our exotic folklore and will enable us to construct a political posture with respect to the racial issue in Brazilian education.

  13. Fødens festival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerholm, Frank Juul

    2012-01-01

    Som den italienske antropolog og folklorist Alessandro Falassi gør opmærksom på i antologien Time out of Time: Essays on the Festival, så er det sparsomt, hvad der er gjort af teoretiske forsøg på definere, hvad en festival er. Det står altså skidt til med et begreb om festivalen, og dette endog...... til trods for, at der er forsket i festivalen som fænomen siden det 19. århundrede – tilmed inden for en række forskellige faglige discipliner såsom religionsvidenskab, sociologi, antropologi, folklore m.fl. Endnu mere sparsomt må det vel så også stå til med bud på, hvad fødens festival er for en...

  14. Hibiscus vitifolius (Linn.) root extracts shows potent protective action against anti-tubercular drug induced hepatotoxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuel, Anbu Jeba Sunilson John; Mohan, Syam; Chellappan, Dinesh Kumar; Kalusalingam, Anandarajagopal; Ariamuthu, Saraswathi

    2012-05-07

    The roots of Hibiscus vitifolius Linn. (Malvaceae) is used for the treatment of jaundice in the folklore system of medicine in India. This study is an attempt to evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of the roots of Hibiscus vitifolius against anti-tubercular drug induced hepatotoxicity. Hepatotoxicity was induced in albino rats of either sex by oral administration of a combination of three anti-tubercular drugs. Petroleum ether, chloroform, methanol and aqueous extracts of roots of Hibiscus vitifolius (400mg/kg/day) were evaluated for their possible hepatoprotective potential. All the extracts were found to be safe up to a dose of 2000mg/kg. Among the four extracts studied, oral administration of methanol extract of Hibiscus vitifolius at 400mg/kg showed significant difference in all the parameters when compared to control. There was a significant (PHibiscus vitifolius have potent hepatoprotective activity, thereby justifying its ethnopharmacological claim. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Assessment of Anti-inflammatory Activity of Taxus Baccata Linn. Bark Extract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, Satyajit; Mariappan, G; Sarkar, Dipankar; Sarkar, Piyali

    2010-01-01

    Taxus baccata (L) known as Sthauneyaka in Sanskrit(1) has wide range of biological activities including analgesic, anti-malarial, anti-rheumatic, sedative, anti-spasmodic, aphrodisiac and anti-asthmatic. In the present study, the dried and powdered bark of Taxus baccata (L) was extracted with 95% ethanol and ether at room temperature and screened for their anti--inflammatory activity by Carrageenan-induced paw edema method in rat. 95% ethanol extract exhibits potent anti-inflammatory activity at 200mg/kg four hours after administration in comparison with ether extract, as well reference standard, Aspirin. The observed pharmacological activities provide a scientific basis for the folklore use of the plant in treating acute inflammation.

  16. No Underskirts in Africa: Edison Carneiro and the "Lineages" of Afro-Brazilian Religious Anthropology

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    Yvonne Maggie

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the folklorist, essayist, journalist and anthropologist Edison Carneiro (1912-1972 and situates him among the “lineages” or intellectual affiliations in the context of studies on Afro-Brazilian religious groups. Describing the life of Edison Carneiro, his relationship with American anthropologist Ruth Landes and his participation in the folkloric movement, I look to situate Carneiro among the various intellectual trends found within the study of Afro-Brazilian religions. I argue that the author occupied an ambiguous position in terms of the African presence in the constitution of Afro-Brazilian religions, showing close proximities to Ruth Landes, Franklin Frazier, Ruth Benedict, Donald Pierson and Robert Park on the one hand, and Melville Herskovitz, Roger Bastide and Arthur Ramos on the other. Carneiro’s studies of Candomblé de Caboclo express this double bind.

  17. Uninvited guests: traditional insect repellents in Estonia used against the clothes moth Tineola bisselliella, human flea Pulex irritons and bedbug Cimex lectularius.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sõukand, Renata; Kalle, Raivo; Svanberg, Ingvar

    2010-01-01

    Extensive folklore records from pre-modern Estonia give us an excellent opportunity to study a variety of local plant knowledge and plant use among the peasantry in various parts of the country. One important biocultural domain where plant knowledge has been crucial was in the various methods of combating different ectoparasites that cohabited and coexisted with humans and their domestic animals. Some of these methods were widely known (world-wide, Eurasia, Europe, Baltic Rim), while others were more local. Here we discuss ways of reducing clothes moths Tineola bisselliella (Hummel) (Lepidoptera: Tineidae), human fleas Pulex irritons L. (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae) and bedbugs Cimex lectularius L. (Hemiptera: Cimicidae) with the help of plants. Various taxa used as traditional repellents have been identified. The use of plants as repellents and their toxic principles are also discussed from a comparative perspective.

  18. Musical appreciation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medina, Maria del Consuelo

    2002-11-01

    Pre-school listening to music is the principal way that leads to the appreciation of music that later facilitates knowledge and pleasure in the history of music. At the prescholastic age it is a very important aspect of education, and reasons and suggestions will be given. The activities must be brief, the teachers of music can at the most develop the activity every five minutes, leaving time for rest or expansion. Another suitable way to bring the child to music is through stories, which please all children; let them go to an unreal and fantastic world and listen to a story or an exciting adventure. The story then, should be brief, simple, with action, with familiar characters, but with some mystery; some repetitive element; and an ending both surprising and happy. It is preferable to include small folkloric tales from the universal repertoire, with works of simple and clear structure.

  19. Egy tanúságtevő hitvalló, szolgáló, tudományos és papi pálya lezárult: Petrasevics Nikefor József eperjesi görög katolikus kanonok és tudományos kutató emlékére (1915–2013 - Passed a Wittness of the Faith, Scientist, a Servant of The Lord, True Priest: Nicefor Petrashevich (1915–2013, canon of the Preshov Greek Catholic Eparchy

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    FÖLDVÁRI, Sándor

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Decease of the witness of the Faith, a servant of the Lord and a famous researcher of the religious folklore: Nicefor Joseph Petrashevich (1915–2013 distinguished member of the Capitol of Preshov Greek Catholic Eparchy Born in Čukalovce, East-Slovakia (then Csukalóc, Upper-Hungary in 1915 as the sixth of the eleven children in the family of a Greek Catholic bishop, he was inspired by his father and elder brother who served the Lord. He studied in the high school (gymnasium of the Cistercian Order in Eger (Northern Hungary which provided its pupils with knowledge and deep faith. He became a choir-minister of the Uzghorod Bishopric Basilica where he turned to the examination of folklore traditions reflected in the liturgical chants. Apparently, it was his calling and his findings on the Byzantine chants contributed significantly to the understanding of religious folklore. He was known as a gifted composer and singer too. The Greek Catholic Church was banned in the Soviet Union which obtained Subcarpathia after the World War II, and this church was oppressed in Slovakia as well, so he faced a dilemma: to convert to the Ortodox (Pravoslav Christianity and live free, or to remain faithful to the Catholic Church and be persecuted. Moreover, he was a coelebs, a priest who did not have a wife (despite the fact that Greek Catholic priests are allowed to have families. Consequently, he could have been elected as bishop, as the higher ranks in the Byzantine Churches are open for monks. The communist authorities offered Pope Nicefor the episcopate of the Slovak Ortodox Church, if he converted to the Ortodoxy. He refused it: “my head does not accept the mithra (bishops’ crone by leaving my Catholic faith” –he said. As a result, he was imprisoned for more than two years in Slovakia. Later he came to Hungary where could not serve as a parochial priest, but worked as cantor or helping pope in various places and in centres of pilgrimage where

  20. Kevin J. Kayes. Poe and the Printed Word.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Garrait-Bourrier

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Kevin Hayes est Associate Professor à l’université d’Oklahoma. Spécialiste de culture américaine, il a publié de nombreux ouvrages sur le livre et sur le monde de l’édition aux Etats-Unis, en particulier A Colonial Woman’s Bookshelf (1996 ou Folklore and Book Culture (1997. Il s’est également intéressé à certains écrivains canoniques américains comme Melville, auquel il a consacré trois ouvrages, et Henry James.

L’ouvrage qui nous intéresse ici réunit en fait les deux centres d’intérêt de ...

  1. Ontology of postmodern theory of story and narration

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    Aleksić Slađana M.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A story is one of the forms of human communication, and one of the oldest ways of understanding the world and exchanging knowledge. The story is told through words, images and movement, and therefore the phenomenon of narration cannot be limited to verbal expression only. One can narrate about real or imaginary events in order to convey a message, provide knowledge or entertainment, and also to create an art form as well as achieve aesthetic communication. The process by means of which the inner world is built within a literary work is certainly the story or narrative. Modern theory of narration enumerates a number of forms of narration indifferent media: in folklore and art, oral or written linguistic narrative form, in pantomime, picture, vitrage, and film. This paper discusses various contemporary narratological ideas.

  2. Chinese cultural dimensions of death, dying, and bereavement: focus group findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yick, Alice G; Gupta, Rashmi

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to describe Chinese immigrants and Chinese Americans' attitudes and practices about death, dying, and bereavement. To this end, three focus groups were conducted with social work graduate students, pastors and religious leaders, and service providers working in the Chinese American community in New York City. The United States is becoming increasingly multicultural, and Chinese Americans are the most rapidly growing Asian American group. Findings from this study revealed that many Chinese attitudes and practices about death and dying are rooted in Asian cultural values such as filial piety, centrality of the family, and emphasis of hierarchy. In addition, strains of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, and local folklore are embedded in these death attitudes and practices. Based on themes extrapolated from the focus groups, recommendations are delineated for service providers in order to implement culturally-sensitive bereavement practices.

  3. Synthetic biology of antimicrobial discovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakeri, Bijan; Lu, Timothy K.

    2012-01-01

    Antibiotic discovery has a storied history. From the discovery of penicillin by Sir Alexander Fleming to the relentless quest for antibiotics by Selman Waksman, the stories have become like folklore, used to inspire future generations of scientists. However, recent discovery pipelines have run dry at a time when multidrug resistant pathogens are on the rise. Nature has proven to be a valuable reservoir of antimicrobial agents, which are primarily produced by modularized biochemical pathways. Such modularization is well suited to remodeling by an interdisciplinary approach that spans science and engineering. Herein, we discuss the biological engineering of small molecules, peptides, and non-traditional antimicrobials and provide an overview of the growing applicability of synthetic biology to antimicrobials discovery. PMID:23654251

  4. Decolonial turn on heritage? Liberation Heritage Route as a postcolonial alternative of patrimonial activation

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    Ester Massó Guijarro

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Considering the decolonial turn as a key epistemological axis for troubling heritage, the Liberation Heritage Route in South Africa is brought up as a discursive example, as a unique type of patrimonial activation where heritage (collective memory is linked to the struggle of a people for their rights, beyond etÚic or national folklore. It will try to show how the Liberation Heritage Route —as a case study— implies a living and notorious example of the very conceptual challenge of this work: it is a subaltern heritage (or shows a pathway for heritage's subalternization and most especially, it is a patent form of holistic heritage activation, where the tangible and the intangible, the physical and symbolic, monumental and spiritual, come together in a unique and indivisible product at the service of justice and dignity.

  5. Usos en medicina folclórica, actividad biológica y fitoquímica de metabolitos secundarios de algunas especies del género Zanthoxylum

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    Víctor Enríque Macias Villamizar

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ResumenSegún el Herbario Nacional de Colombia de la familia Rutaceae en Colombia se encuentran 150 géneros y 900 especies (1, de las cuales muchas han sido utilizada no sólo en la medicina folklórica (2, 3, 4, 5 en tratamientos digestivos, tónico estomático, diuréticos, sedativos entre otros; sino también determinada su actividad biológica como antiplasmódico y citotóxico (5. En la familia Rutaceae se encuentra el género Zanthoxylum (6, del cual también se utiliza en medicina folklórica que incluyen tratamientos contra la tos, enteritis, diarrea, resfriado, reumatismo y ulceraciones (7, 8, 9, 10, 11; también se ha ensayado su actividad biológica donde se encontró ser efectiva, entre otras, a nivel: antimicrobial (7, 8, 9; citotóxica (12,13; Antiagregación plaquetaria (14, 15, y antitumoral (16. La amplia gama de usos etnobotánicos y farmacológicos convierte a los extractos (o compuestos aislados del género Zanthoxylum en materia prima a utilizar en el desarrollo de ensayos para evaluar la actividad biológica, la cual está asociada a la riqueza de metabolitos secundarios tales como alcaloides, lignanos, terpenos, flavonoides, cumarinas, entre otros; convirtiendo al género Zanthoxylum en objeto de estudió fitoquímico promisorio.En este artículo se realiza un aporte al estudió del género Zanthoxylum, en aspectos relacionados con su fitoquímica, sus usos en medicina folclórica y su actividad biológica; y en consecuencia un aporte pertinente al conocimiento en la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, debido a la actual tendencia de recurrir a medicina natural para el desarrollo de medicamentos de relativo bajo costo y con mayor probabilidad de adquisición del mismo. (Duazary 2007; 2: 140 - 159AbstractAccording to the Herbarium National of Colombia the Rutaceae family in Colombia are 150 genus and 900 species (1, of which many have been used not only in the folkloric medicine (2, 3, 4, 5 in digestive treatments, stomatic

  6. My Folkloristic History of the Việt Nam War: A Non-communist Experience

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    Long S. Le

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Like many families who were on the “wrong” side of the Việt Nam war, my family history has effectively been “displaced” from official discourse in Việt Nam when the country was “reunified” in 1975, as well as in the discourse of public history in the U.S. which has overwhelmingly emphasized the “lessons” of the “American Experience” in Việt Nam. Using my family history as an index of historical processes, I hope to introduce windows on the continuities of what noncommunist Vietnamese do and think. My family folklore is utilized as a way to create opportunities for other non-communist Vietnamese here and elsewhere to connect, articulate, or remind them of a pattern from the past that can provide a contemporary coherence with an ethic workable for the future.

  7. Cultural Astronomy in Armenia and in the World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmanyan, S. V.; Mickaelian, A. M.

    2016-12-01

    Cultural Astronomy is the reflection of sky events in various fields of nations' culture. In foreign literature, this field is also called "Astronomy in Culture" or "Astronomy and Culture". Cultural astronomy is the set of interdisciplinary fields studying the astronomical systems of current or ancient societies and cultures. It is manifested in Religion, Mythology, Folklore, Poetry, Art, Linguistics and other fields. In recent years, considerable attention has been paid to this sphere, particularly international organizations were established, conferences are held and journals are published. Armenia is also rich in cultural astronomy. The present paper focuses on Armenian archaeoastronomy and cultural astronomy, including many creations related to astronomical knowledge; calendars, rock art, mythology, etc. On the other hand, this subject is rather poorly developed in Armenia; there are only individual studies on various related issues (especially many studies related to Anania Shirakatsi) but not coordinated actions to manage this important field of investigation.

  8. The Interethnic and Interreligious Values in Turkish and Crimean Legends

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    Anastasiia Zherdieva

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The present paper examines interethnic and interreligious values in Turkish and Crimean folk legends. The folklore of both Crimea and Turkey has a multicultural background, which makes both corpuses of texts suitable for research. In the course of the study, a wide range of published Turkish and Crimean legends were reviewed and analysed. There are two deeply-rooted tendencies in the studied legends. First of all, the interethnic and interreligious relationships can be described as ghastly and cursed. Thus, antagonists in the legends are often from ethnic minorities or strangers in relation to domestic ethnic groups. However, if the texts are analysed thoroughly, we can see that there are important sacred cultural values at the core of the legends, including values of life, health, and divinity.

  9. Loranthus micranthus Linn.: Biological Activities and Phytochemistry

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    Soheil Zorofchian Moghadamtousi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Loranthus micranthus Linn. is a medicinal plant from the Loranthaceae family commonly known as an eastern Nigeria species of the African mistletoe and is widely used in folkloric medicine to cure various ailments and diseases. It is semiparasitic plant because of growing on various host trees and shrubs and absorbing mineral nutrition and water from respective host. Hence, the phytochemicals and biological activities of L. micranthus demonstrated strong host and harvesting period dependency. The leaves have been proved to possess immunomodulatory, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, antihypertensive, antioxidant, antidiarrhoeal, and hypolipidemic activities. This review summarizes the information and findings concerning the current knowledge on the biological activities, pharmacological properties, toxicity, and chemical constituents of Loranthus micranthus.

  10. El hapax κλεννά y la lengua poética de Alcmán

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    Antoio Lillo

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Alcman uses the local dialect in his compositions to a much greater extent than it is usually thought. He knows very well the resorts of the previous literary language and fits them in his own dialect, but without excessive concessions to this epic literary language, in such a way that his compositions contain linguistic keys compatible with the epichoric dialect. This use of Laconian explains the linking of his compositions to the local folklore. In the Hellenistic period his texts were reviewed, although attempting to preserve its original Laconian flavour, in order to adapt them to the late Doric literary language, following a key close lo Theocrit’s, since, from the literary point of view, the Laconian dialect provides ἥκιστα ... τὸ εὔφωνον.

  11. Synthetic biology of antimicrobial discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakeri, Bijan; Lu, Timothy K

    2013-07-19

    Antibiotic discovery has a storied history. From the discovery of penicillin by Sir Alexander Fleming to the relentless quest for antibiotics by Selman Waksman, the stories have become like folklore used to inspire future generations of scientists. However, recent discovery pipelines have run dry at a time when multidrug-resistant pathogens are on the rise. Nature has proven to be a valuable reservoir of antimicrobial agents, which are primarily produced by modularized biochemical pathways. Such modularization is well suited to remodeling by an interdisciplinary approach that spans science and engineering. Herein, we discuss the biological engineering of small molecules, peptides, and non-traditional antimicrobials and provide an overview of the growing applicability of synthetic biology to antimicrobials discovery.

  12. Medicinal uses, chemistry and pharmacology of Dillenia species (Dilleniaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabandar, Carla W; Jalil, Juriyati; Ahmat, Norizan; Aladdin, Nor-Ashila

    2017-02-01

    The genus Dillenia is comprised of about 100 species of evergreen and deciduous trees or shrubs of disjunct distribution in the seasonal tropics of Madagascar through South and South East Asia, Malaysia, North Australia, and Fiji. Species from this genus have been widely used in medicinal folklore to treat cancers, wounds, jaundice, fever, cough, diabetes mellitus, and diarrhea as well as hair tonics. The plants of the genus also produce edible fruits and are cultivated as ornamental plants. Flavonoids, triterpenoids, and miscellaneous compounds have been identified in the genus. Their extracts and pure compounds have been reported for their antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic, antidiabetes, antioxidant, antidiarrheal, and antiprotozoal activities. Mucilage from their fruits is used in drug formulations. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. FCJ-167 Spraying, fishing, looking for trouble: The Chinese Internet and a critical perspective on the concept of trolling

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    Gabriele de Seta

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Internet research has dealt with trolls from many different perspectives, framing them as agents of disruption, nomadic hate breeders and lowbrow cynics spawned by the excessive freedoms of online interaction, or as legitimate and necessary actors in the ecology of online communities. Yet, the question remains: what is a troll, where it come from and where does it belong? Presenting the results of a brief troll-hunt on the Chinese Internet and discussing the features of troll-like figures in Chinese digital folklore, I argue in favour of a localised understanding of Internet cultures, presenting trolling as a culture-specific construct that has come to embody disparate kinds of online behaviour and to function as an umbrella term for different kinds of discourse about the Internet itself.

  14. Chemical Composition and Nutritive Benefits of Chicory (Cichorium intybus as an Ideal Complementary and/or Alternative Livestock Feed Supplement

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    Ifeoma Chinyelu Nwafor

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Chicory is a perennial plant grown in different parts of the world, used as forage for livestock, as folklore remedies, or as a vegetable addition in human diets. There are several varieties of the chicory plant, known differently globally due to its numerous medicinal, culinary, and nutritional qualities. Most parts of the plant contain a potpourri of nutrients ranging within carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals, soluble fiber, trace elements, and bioactive phenolic compounds, which are responsible for the various nutritive, prophylactic, and therapeutic qualities of chicory. Inulin, coumarins, tannins, monomeric flavonoids, and sesquiterpene lactones are some of the major phytocompounds mostly found in chicory plants. The health-promoting activities attributed to chicory comprise, among others, anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic, antiviral, antibacterial, antimutagenic, antifungal, anthelmintic, immune-stimulating, and antihepatotoxic and its antioxidative qualities. As a versatile plant, chicory’s chemical composition and use as a suitable livestock feed supplement or as an alternative feed ingredient (AFI are thus reviewed.

  15. Biserici paleocreştine din spaţiul românesc în evul mediu timpuriu / Paleo-Christian churches in the Romanian area in the early Middle Ages

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    Vlad D. Ghimpu

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Based on the research of many rock-hewn churches of the Romanian region, located in the Dobruja andaround the Carpathian mountain range, the author notes the existence there of a number of Christian churches belonging to the early Christian period and the early Middle Ages. According to the author, the religious buildingswere created for the most part of very strong material because of the highly volatile external environment, due to the pressure of the migratory and nomadic peoples. On the basis of new archaeological data it can be argued that in the territory of the future Moldova there was a diocese under the guidance of a chorbishop (bishop of rural settlements. The presence and discovery of a very valuable exhibit, which is a rare example of art, iconography and folklore heritage of Romanians in early Middle Ages (red brick with depictions, gives us the first written evidence of the presence of Christianity in this area.

  16. Bulgarian wedding music between folk and chalg: Politics, markets and current directions

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    Silverman Kerol

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the performative relationship among folklore, the market, and the state through an analysis of the politics of Bulgarian wedding music. In the socialist period wedding music was condemned by the state and excluded from the category folk but was adored by thousands of fans as a counter-cultural manifestation. In the post-socialist period wedding music achieved recognition in the West but declined in popularity in Bulgarian as fusion music's, such as chalga (folk/pop, arose and as musicians faced challenges vis-à-vis capitalism. As the state withdrew and became weaker private companies with profit-making agendas arose. Although it inspired chalga, wedding music began to be seen in contrast to it, as folk music. Recently, fatigue with chalga and nationalistic ideologies are revitalizing wedding music.

  17. Některé problémy adaptace českých usídlenců v severozápadním Bulharsku

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    Vladimir Penčev

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The main topic of the text is the history of the only Czech village in Bulgaria – Vojvodovo. The article covers the whole “Czech” period of this village from the migration of some twenty Protestant families from Banatian Czech village of Svata Helena to Bulgaria and the foundation of Vojvodovo in 1900, to the post-war period when almost all Czech inhabitants of Vojvodovo left the village and moved to the South-Moravia region in Czechoslovakia. In a rather classic way the author describes the spheres of language, folklore, kinship and economy of the community, and proves that its main core was its religiosity described as the community-differentiating and community-maintaining principle.

  18. A DIVINA FESTA DO ESPÍRITO SANTO: UMA MANIFESTAÇÃO DA RELIGIOSIDADE POPULAR EM MOGI DAS CRUZES, SP

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    Neusa de Fátima Mariano

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available There are many popular religiousness manifestations in Bazil that, once brought by the Portuguese colonizers, here were translated to different languages, according to the reality of each place. This historical process offers us a lot of questions and possibilities of investigation, due to the fact that such manifestations, nowadays considered as traditional, folkloric or religiousness, persists articulating in a contradictory way the past and the present. With the objective of studying the Holy Ghost Party that happens in Mogi das Cruzes, in the context of urbanization process, the Divine Party is understantood as a dinamic ritual in the time and in the space, adjusting itself to the reality of which it is inserted, but keeping some of its more recent aspects, among them, the popular character.

  19. Figural medley: At the origins of XIXth Century anthropological portrait

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    Alberto Baldi

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available During the second half of the XIXth century, Europe, the United States and Russia witnessed a blossoming interest in the use of photography in the anthropological field, its specific use was not very clear and defined yet; as a consequence, its heuristic methodologies, technical shooting modalities, stylistic elements and figurative conventions were not clear either. We range goes from anthropometric photography to an ethnographic and folkloric portrait painting signed at the same time by anthropologists and travellers, professional photographers looking for exotic subjects, amateur photographers and soldiers who encourage a figural medley characterised by scientific, commercial and artistic veins that slowly finds its definition in some of its prevailing features, in primis those of the portrait with pictorial origins, however continuously declined and reinterpreted in several ways. In this context Anthropology seeks some links with aesthetics.

  20. Das representações míticas à cultura clerical: as Fadas da Literatura Medieval

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    Antonio P.V. Morás

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo estuda a permanência dos mitos celtas no folclore medieval e como seus temas e motivos são assimilados pela cultura clerical do século XII em diante. O principal propósito do mesmo é analisar a dimensão simbólica dos mitos celtas e o deslocamento de seu sentido original nos textos produzidos no meio cavaleiresco.The present article studies the constancy of the celtic myths in the medieval folklore and how its themes and motifs are assimilated for the clerical culture of the XIIth. century and forth. The principal purpose of this article is analyse the symbolical dimension of the celtic myths and the displacement of its original sense in the literary texts produced in the chivalrous environment.

  1. Antiinflammatory and lipoxygenase inhibitory compounds from Vitex agnus-castus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhary, M Iqbal; Jalil, Saima; Nawaz, Sarfraz Ahmad; Khan, Khalid Mohammed; Tareen, Rasool Bakhsh

    2009-09-01

    Several secondary metabolites, artemetin (1), casticin (2), 3,3'-dihydroxy-5,6,7,4'-tetramethoxy flavon (3), penduletin (4), methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate (5), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (6), methyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate (7), 5-hydroxy-2-methoxybenzoic acid (8), vanillic acid (9) and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (10) were isolated from a folkloric medicinal plant, Vitex agnus-castus. The structures of compounds 1-10 were identified with the help of spectroscopic techniques. Compounds 3-10 were isolated for the first time from this plant. These compounds were screened for their antiinflammatory and lipoxygenase inhibitory activities. Compounds 6, 7 and 10 were found to have significant antiinflammatory activity in a cell-based contemporary assay, whereas compounds 1 and 2 exhibited a potent lipoxygenase inhibition.

  2. Efficacy of Tribulus Terrestris Extract on the Serum Glucose and Lipids of Women with Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samani, Nasrin Babadai; Jokar, Azam; Soveid, Mahmood; Heydari, Mojtaba; Mosavat, Seyed Hamdollah

    2016-01-01

    Background: Considering folkloric use of Tribulus terrestris (T. terrestris) in diabetes and proven anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hyperlipidemic effects of T. terrestris in animal studies, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the hydro alcoholic extract of T. terrestris on the serum glucose and lipid profile of women with diabetes mellitus. Methods: Ninety-eight diabetic women were randomly allocated to receive the T. terrestris (1000 mg/day) or placebo for three months. The patients were evaluated in terms of the fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postprandial glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin and lipid profile. Results: T. terrestris showed a significant blood glucose lowering effect in diabetic women compared to placebo (Pterrestris group was significantly reduced compared with placebo, while no significant effect was observed in the triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein levels. Conclusion: This study showed preliminary promising hypoglycemic effect of T. terrestris in diabetic women. PMID:27840471

  3. Development Areas of Rural Tourism in Romania

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    Ramona Ciolac

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The popularity of rural tourism forms has increased in recent years. From the initiatives with individual character it has been reached a real alternative leisure. The reason? Authenticity of rural areas is a quality becoming more demanding in terms of current life. Synonymous with a holiday spent with little money in nature, rural tourism forms, like and are becoming increasingly popular. Folk heritage of folk architecture, folk customs and traditions, crafts, port and popular folklore, gastronomy specific is the most popular tourist attractions in rural tourism. Therefore, tourist villages and agro-tourist offer circumscribed, in particular, to Romanian folk brand areas, which fortunately, also benefits of natural attractions of great beauty.

  4. Antifungal Activity of the Crude Extracts and Extracted Phenols from Gametophytes and Sporophytes of Two Species of Adiantum

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    Piyali Guha (Ghosh

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The water extracts and extracted phenols from gametophytes and different parts of sporophytes of the two ferns, Adiantum capillus-veneris L. and Adiantum lunulatum Burm. f., used as folkloric medicines in India, China, Tibet, America, Philippines and Italy, were investigated for their antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger and Rhizopus stolonifer. Both crude extracts and extracted phenols of gametophytes and different parts of sporophytes of both fern species were found to be bioactive against the fungal strains. Antifungal activity was found to be higher in gametophytes than different parts of sporophytes. Among the different parts of sporophyte, immature pinnule possesses highest fungistatic property. Adiantum capillus-veneris was found a better antifungal agent than Adiantum lunulatum.

  5. «Se lo llevó El Chamuco». El trato familiar hacia el Diablo en algunos ejemplos de la literatura oral de México

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    Claudia Carranza Vera

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT. This article is a review of some lexical examples and texts from oral literature, in which it can be seen the representations that have being given to the Devil and to the Hell in mexican culture. The analysis focuses on the folklore devil and analyzes the functions of this representations, which serves as a catalyzer for some of the emotions, positive and negative, of the Mexican society. RESUMEN. Este estudio realiza una revisión de algunos ejemplos léxicos y de textos provenientes de la literatura oral actual (paremias, coplas, narraciones, en donde es posible apreciar las representaciones que suelen hacerse del Diablo y del Infierno en México. El análisis se centra en el diablo folklórico y analiza las funciones que este personaje puede tener para exponer y catalizar algunas de las emociones, positivas y negativas de la sociedad mexicana.

  6. Inventarisasi Cerita Rakyat Dari Kabupaten Demak Melalui Aplikasi Buku Digital (E-Book Interaktif

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    Noor Hasyim

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Cerita rakyat merupakan salah satu keunikan budaya yang dimiliki oleh setiap daerah, termasuk daerah Kabupaten Demak. Cerita rakyat mampu menjadi sarana pendidikan nilai-nilai luhur yang diwariskan oleh pendahulu kepada generasi mendatang. Inventarisasi cerita rakyat ini penting dilakukan seiring modernisasi yang terjadi di segala bidang menjadikan masyarakat setempat khususnya generasi muda banyak yang tidak mengetahui cerita tersebut. Di zaman modern inventarisasi harus juga dilakukan denga cara modern pula. Salah satu caara untuk mengemas cerita rakyat di zaman modern adalah menggunakan aplikasi buku digital yang dibuat interaktif. Perkembangan komputer tablet berbasis touchscreen semakin menambah interaktif gambar bergerak yang disajikan di dalam aplikasi buku digital. Kata Kunci: Buku digital, Cerita Rakyat, E-book, Folklor

  7. Dünden Bugüne Tokat Mevlevihanesi

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    Sevay Okay Atılgan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important subjects of the history of Turkish culture is the influence and development of Mavlavi Houses representing multi-faceted ground on the formation of social memory, which means tradition on the line extending from literature, music, science, mysticism, to folkloric values as well as arts within the historical processes. Especially in the Ottoman period, Mavlavi Teaching had found a wider spread and organization area than other sects. Many Mavlavi Houses were built in many cities of Anatolia and in Istanbul, and had played an active role in political and social structuring of society. In this context, Mavlavi House in Tokat is among the outstanding examples of provincial organization of the period. In this work, some findings are presented regarding recent investigations and present state of Mavlavi House in Tokat in this period, besides studying its historical and architectural aspects in light of the documents and resources referenced to early periods of its organization

  8. Isolation and characterisation of a dinucleotide microsatellite set for a parentage and biodiversity study in domestic guinea pig (Cavia porcellus

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    Diana Aviles

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The domestic guinea pig is a valuable genetic resource because it is part of local folklore and food tradition in many South American countries. The economic importance of the guinea pig is due to its high feed efficiency and the quality of animal protein produced. For these reasons, our study is aimed to design a complete dinucleotide microsatellite marker set following international recommendation to assess the genetic diversity and genealogy management of guinea pigs. We selected a total of 20 microsatellites, looking for laboratory efficiency and good statistical parameters. The set was tested in 100 unrelated individuals of guinea pigs from Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia and Spain. Our results show a high degree of polymorphisms with a total of 216 alleles and a mean number of 10.80±3.49 for markers with a combined exclusion probability of 0.99.

  9. Reliving Island Life: Staging Stories of the Blasket Islands

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    Daithí Kearney

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The Blasket Islands are located off the south-west coast of Ireland. No longer inhabited, the Great Blasket Island and its distinctive culture have been documented by a variety of writers and are celebrated today in an interpretative centre on the mainland and in performances by Siamsa Tíre, The National Folk Theatre of Ireland. “Siamsa” developed from local initiatives in North Kerry during the early 1960s and is located today in Tralee, Co. Kerry. It aims to present Irish folklore and folk culture through the medium of theatre involving music, song, dance and mime but invariably no dialogue. In this paper, I focus on the production Oiléan, based loosely on the stories of the Blasket Islanders, which was initially devised as part of the fiftieth anniversary commemoration of the departure of the last inhabitants of the islands in 2003.

  10. Literary context of interwar Serbian choral music composed to verses of artistic poetry

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    Tasić Nataša D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Choral music in Serbia between two world wars developed simultaneously in the genre fields of spiritual and folklore music, and music written to the verse of artistic poetry. Literary context of the latter genre mostly involved poetry from the period of romanticism. Apart from that, certain authors gladly wrote music to the lyric poetry of their contemporaries, and there are also examples in which composers reached out to the poetry from distant past. This paper deals with the analysis of representation of verses of certain poets in the work of musical artists. The reasons for the domination of certain thematic fields and influence of stylistic orientation of lyricists to composer's choices are some of the most significant conclusions of this text.

  11. Melastoma malabathricum (L. Smith Ethnomedicinal Uses, Chemical Constituents, and Pharmacological Properties: A Review

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    S. Mohd. Joffry

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Melastoma malabathricum L. (Melastomataceae is one of the 22 species found in the Southeast Asian region, including Malaysia. Considered as native to tropical and temperate Asia and the Pacific Islands, this commonly found small shrub has gained herbal status in the Malay folklore belief as well as the Indian, Chinese, and Indonesian folk medicines. Ethnopharmacologically, the leaves, shoots, barks, seeds, and roots of M. malabathricum have been used to treat diarrhoea, dysentery, hemorrhoids, cuts and wounds, toothache, and stomachache. Scientific findings also revealed the wide pharmacological actions of various parts of M. malabthricum, such as antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, antidiarrheal, cytotoxic, and antioxidant activities. Various types of phytochemical constituents have also been isolated and identifed from different parts of M. malabathricum. Thus, the aim of the present review is to present comprehensive information on ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemical constituents, and pharmacological activities of M. malabathricum.

  12. Theory of Tatar Origin of the Yakuts

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    V.V. Ushnitsky

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the problem of the origin of the people of Sakha (Yakutia in the light of the latest research. Basing on archaeological materials the ethnogenesis of Sakha is associated with the Baikal region’s Ust’-Tal’kinsky archaeological culture of the 12th–14th centuries. Analysis of written sources allows to associate representatives of Ust’-Tal’kinsky archaeological culture with the Usutu-mangun tribe identical with the Angara Tatars and referred to in the writings of Rashid al-Din and Abu al-Ghazi. Probably, the Angara Tatars migrated from Central Asia and compactly inhabited the Angara region near Lake Buir-Nur. The article analyzes connection between Sakha folklore sources and real history of Central Asian Tatars.

  13. "The epic love story of Sam and Dean": "Supernatural," queer readings, and the romance of incestuous fan fiction

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    Catherine Tosenberger

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This article examines incestuous slash fan fiction produced for the CW television series Supernatural. I argue that "Wincest" fan fiction is best understood not as perverse, oppositional resistance to a heterosexual, nonincestuous show, but an expression of readings that are suggested and supported by the text itself. I examine the literary, cultural, and folkloric discourses of incest and queerness invoked by the series, paying special attention to Romanticism, the Gothic, and horror as underliers to those discourses, and how those genres inform both the series and the fan fiction. I discuss a number of Wincest stories in detail, focusing upon how these stories build upon thematic elements within the series. In conclusion, I argue that the most resistive aspect of Wincest fan fiction is that it gives the main characters a lasting happiness that the series eternally defers.

  14. The European Circulation of Nordic Texts in the Romantic Period

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen-Rix, Robert William

    2017-01-01

    history of rediscovering Old Norse texts (i.e., poetry and prose written in the North Germanic language until the 14th century, known primarily from Icelandic manuscripts) and medieval Nordic folklore (found in medieval ballads, sagas, and heroic legends) differed in various European countries......, there was also a remarkable sense of common aim and purpose in the reception history as it developed during the Romantic period. This was because European scholars and writers had come to see medieval Nordic texts as epitomizing the manners and literature of a common Germanic past. In particular, Old Norse texts...... from Icelandic manuscripts were believed to preserve the pre-Christian religion, as this was once shared by Scandinavians, Anglo-Saxons, Germans, and the Franks. Thus, interest in such texts circulated with particular intensity between Scandinavia, Germany, and Britain, as well as, to a lesser degree...

  15. Pharmacological evaluation of anxiolytic property of aqueous root extract of Cymbopogon citratus in mice

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    David Arome

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study was designed to evaluate the anxiolytic property of aqueous root extract of Cymbopogon citratus in mice. Materials and Methods: In this study, stress induced hyperthermia (SIH, elevated plus maze (EPM and open field experimental models were employed. Results: In SIH model, the extract caused a significant (P 0.05 effect. In open field model, 200 mg/kg and 600 mg/kg extract doses significantly (P < 0.05 increased locomotion of the mice more than the standard, while rearing and defecation were less in the extract groups. Conclusion: In different experimental models used significant anxiolytic effect was observed of the aqueous extract at different dose levels in comparison to reference standard and normal saline group. This clearly justified its folkloric application in the treatment of anxiety disorders.

  16. The Legends of the Serpent Island in the Danube Delta

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    Tetyana Shevchuk

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The report presents a variety of ancient legends, connected with the cult of Achilles on the Serpent (Snake Island, located in 35 km far from the Danube Delta in the territorial waters of Ukraine. The sources of ancient legends are the essay of Flavius Arrian “Periplus Ponti Euxini (maritime guide”, Flavius Philostratus dialogue “On Heroes” (Heroikos, as well as the outlines of Arctinus of Miletus, Maximus of Tyre and Romanian folklore. The imageries of Achilles Pontarchis cult on the Serpent Island (in ancient times – Levka Island, White Island, Island of the Blessed, Fidonisi, Ilan-Ada, Sherpilor disclose the peculiarities of his worship in Scythia and Dacia.

  17. Kombucha: a dubious "cure".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majchrowicz, M

    1995-05-01

    The kombucha (or Manchurian) mushroom has numerous claims of "significant" health improvements, yet there is no research or any basic evidence to back up the claims. According to folklore, the kombucha is a super immune booster that can fight many ailments, including AIDS, cancer, arthritis, constipation, and more. However, there is concern about the safety of kombucha, which is not really a mushroom but a yeast culture. Since the culture must grow at room temperature for seven to ten days, contamination and growth of other organisms can take place. The tea's original ingredients include caffeine and large amounts of sugar. These may account for the increased energy some individuals have claimed. Some stories state miraculous results. Other accounts mention no improvement in general well-being.

  18. “Culture Education” and the Challenge of Globalization in Modern Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ademola Omobewaji Dasylva

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper has to do with the challenges of globalization in modern Nigeria and the process of “culture education,” a terminology used to emphasize the peculiar means and methods of instruction by which a society imparts its body of values and mores in the pursuance and attainment of the society’s collective vision, aspirations, and goals. Within this framework, this paper examines the legacies of imperialism and colonization within the Nigerian educational system––particularly in reference to the teaching of folklore and oral tradition––including the destruction of indigenous knowledge systems and the continuing lack of adequate resources in African universities. The paper concludes by offering suggestions for a more fully synthesized indigenous and formal Nigerian educational system as a method of addressing postcolonial rupture.

  19. Diuretic activity of Linaria ramosissima (wall.) Janch. leaves in albino rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandya, Preeti N.; Aghera, Hetal B.; Ashok, B. K.; Acharya, Rabinarayan

    2012-01-01

    Linaria ramosissima (Wall.) Janch., Scrophulariaceae, a folklore plant, has been claimed for its diuretic activities by traditional practitioners. The present study was undertaken to investigate the diuretic activity of L. ramosissima leaves in albino rats. Suspension of leaf powder in 2% gum acacia was administered to experimental rats orally at doses of 450 mg/kg. The diuretic effect was evaluated by measuring the urine volume, pH of urine, and urinary electrolyte excretion. Administration of the test drug increased the urine volume in a non-significant manner, while it enhanced the urinary excretion of sodium, chloride, and potassium significantly, in comparison to the control group. From the present study it can be concluded that the leaves of L. ramosissima have a significant diuretic activity. PMID:23723679

  20. Syncretism in Nordic folk medicine: critical periods during pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lily Weiser-Aall

    1969-01-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the traditions concerning the critical periods during pregnancy when the foetus is exposed to the risk of suffering serious injuries. There is a good deal of such traditions in more recent Nordic and European folklore. But these popular conceptions have merely been recorded without having ever been investigated as to their provenance. In studies of various details in recent Nordic tradition it is possible to establish a striking correspondence between, on the one hand, folk tradition and, on the other, learned publications and popular accounts in books on healing and midwifery. This actualizes an interest to investigate the beliefs about critical periods by a comparison with the theories of the learned tradition.