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Sample records for flores jean-jacques chattot

  1. Jean-Jacques Petter. Primates

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    Bruno Simmen

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Voici un magnifique ouvrage grand format sur les Primates dont l’auteur principal est le regretté Jean Jacques Petter, l’un des spécialistes historiques des prosimiens de Madagascar. Ce livre, publié à titre posthume, a une histoire que nous découvrons dans la préface d’Yves Coppens. A l’origine pensé et rédigé par Jean-Jacques Petter, qui a été professeur au Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, l’ouvrage interrompu à sa mort en 2002 a été remis en chantier sous l’impulsion de sa femme Arlet...

  2. A monarquia segundo Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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    Renato Moscateli

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The Swiss philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau didn't limit himself to consider how a democratic State could be constructed in substitution to the absolutist monarchies existing at his time. He also dedicated his efforts to understand the monarchic regime itself, being conscientious of the obstacles to be overstepped so that this political form was surpassed in direction to other ones more next to his ideals, in which all the citizens could participate actively of the administration of the government. Thus, the article will handle some aspects of the Rousseau's reflection about the monarchy, from his criticism to the regime until his concrete proposals for possible reforms on it.

  3. Pedagical enlightenment and natural education in Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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    Cristiano Eduardo Wendt

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The essay discusses the importance of Jean-Jacques Rousseau for modern pedagogy, by being grounded on his philosophical-pedagogical work Émile or On Education. It seeks to present the meaning of pedagogical enlightenment as well as the concept of natural education, and the two great novelties brought by Rousseau to the educational realm, i.e., the concept of infancy and of education. In this perspective, it analyzes the three main interpretations to which Rousseau’s enlightenment was submitted along history: As an optimist of reason, primitivist and dialectician of reason. Assuming the Genevan’s thought as a defender of a dialectics of reason, the essay seeks to reflect the unfolding which every concept provokes to its project of natural education and how it reflects in the cognitive and moral development of the infants. At last it deals with the presentation of two innovations which Rousseau brings to the realm of education, the first one which deals with the concept of infancy, and the second one which deals with the pedagogical concept as a whole, by considering the phases of biological, cognitive and moral maturing, where each child is encountered.

  4. Ensaio de Pedagogia Comparada: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) (Essay on Compared Pedagogy: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontanella, Francisco Cock

    2000-01-01

    Finds that, although the thought of Jean Jacques Rousseau is frequently cited as an influence on Immanuel Kant, this has no basis regarding pedagogical influence. Compares the "Projecto" and "Emilio" of Rousseau with Kant's "Pedagogia." (BT)

  5. Jean-Jacques Terrin : La ville des créateurs, Marseille

    OpenAIRE

    Olagnier, Pierre-Jacques

    2014-01-01

    Dans la collection « la ville en train de se faire », lancée en 2009 et riche aujourd’hui de 10 titres, l’ouvrage collectif dirigé par Jean-Jacques Terrin, responsable scientifique du programme Popsu Europe (Plate-forme d’observation des projets et des stratégies urbaines), lancé en 2008 et financé par le PUCA (Plan Urbanisme Construction Architecture) au sein du GIP AIGP (Atelier International du Grand Paris), réunit neuf contributions de chercheurs, enseignants-chercheurs, critiques d’art e...

  6. Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Adult Education and Revolution. Paradigma of Radical, Pedagogical Thought. 2nd Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dame, Frederick William

    This book explores Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational philosophy, as expressed in his key works, and applies that philosophy to adult education and revolution. The titles and topics of the book's seven chapters are as follows: (1) "L'Invitation: Raison d'Etre" (prelude, statement, significance, the process, assumptions and limitations);…

  7. Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Sharatchandra Chattopadhyay on Love and Sex

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    Narasingha P. Sil

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The Bengali novelist Sharatchandra Chattopadhyay (1876-1938 of colonial India and the French philosophe of Enlightenment Europe Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778 stand poles apart from each other—temporally, territorially, and culturally. Although Sharatchandra is reputed to have been familiar with a number of romantic writers of England, he does not seem to be acquainted with any literati of Europe, especially of Enlightenment France. Nevertheless, as this article contends, the Bengali writer’s attitude to human sensuality and sentiment or, more precisely, to love, sex, and marriage, betrays an interesting similarity to that of the French author. An upshot of this comparatist exercise is that we gain a fresh outlook on both men’s views on human condition that blurs, as it were, the distinction between modern European and modernizing and Westernizing colonial Indian mentalité.

  8. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's copy of Albrecht von Haller's Historia stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae inchoata (1768).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, A

    2003-04-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau sold his botanical texts to Daniel Malthus (father of Thomas Malthus) about 1775. Two of these are now in the Old Library, Jesus College, Cambridge, but all the rest have long been thought lost. However, a copy of Albrecht von Haller's Historia stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae inchoata (1768) in the Lindley Library, Royal Horticultural Society, London, bears Rousseau's name and seems to have been annotated by him. The volume contains the bookplate of Jane Dalton, a cousin to whom Malthus willed "all[his] Botanical Books in which the name of Rousseau is written". Haller was well-known to Rousseau, who while in exile in the Swiss Jura (1763-1765), studied under one of Haller's collaborators, Abraham Gagnebin. Rousseau cited Haller's entry 762 when describing a species of Seseli to the Duchess of Portland.

  9. Abismos do reconhecimento: o legado sociofilosófico de Jean-Jacques Rousseau = Abysses of recognition: the sociophilosophical legacy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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    Honneth, Axel

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto se ocupa com a questão da interpretação da obra de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, em particular com suas referências sobre a dependência constitutiva em relação aos outros. Vista negativamente na crítica da cultura, mas positivamente nos esboços de um contrato social, o lugar dessa dependência constitutiva da confirmação e estima por parte dos outros está vinculada ao significado dado ao “amor próprio” nos diferentes textos; mas ela abre a possibilidade de interpretar Rousseau como um teórico do reconhecimento. O autor acompanha Rousseau em seu desenvolvimento teórico até o ponto em que ele se tornou consciente das exigências de uma forma sociocontratual, igualitária do reconhecimento mútuo, para depois expor a enorme influência que a ideia bipolar de Rousseau a respeito do reconhecimento social exerceu sobre a teoria social da modernidade: em sua variante negativa, a profunda necessidade dos seres humanos de sobrepujar os respectivos cossujeitos no grau de estima social, reinterpretada por Kant como sendo a força motriz do progresso cultural e social, e em sua variante positiva, o respeito mútuo entre iguais, desenvolvido por Fichte e Hegel na direção de uma teoria do reconhecimento relacionada ao direito e à moralidade. No final, Honneth discute o ceticismo com que Rousseau sempre viu a dependência de outros contida no “amor próprio”, deixando sem solução definitiva a tensão entre a ideia estoica de uma independência pessoal de toda avaliação alheia e a ideia intersubjetivista de uma profunda dependência do outro. (Resumo do editor

  10. PARADOXURILE CONCEPŢIEI POLITICE ÎN OPERA LUI JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU

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    Alexandru MAZILU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ideile lui Rousseau au avut un impact major asupra societăţii la sfârşitul sec. al XVIII-lea şi pe parcursul întregii perioade a sec. al XIX-lea. Aceste idei au imprimat un suflu modern cugetului său, fiind considerat şi un ideologist politic, o voce puternică a Revoluţiei Franceze şi un pioner al curentului romantic. În legătură cu domeniul nostru de studiu, paradoxurile concepţiei politice ale lui Rousseau se referă la contradicţia dintre aspiraţiile modernităţii şi criticile violente ale progresului social. El pune accentul pe contradicţia dintre încrede-rea deplină în ,,contractul social”, ca pattern cultural şi lipsa de încredere în ,,educaţia socială”. Unicul mod de a depăşi aceste contradicţii este abordarea noului model al filosofiei educaţiei bazat pe reforme radicale pentru a facilita autodezvoltarea individului.   THE PARADOXES OF POLITICAL CONCEPTION IN THE WORK OF JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAUHis ideas have a big impact on the society at the end of the 18th century and the whole 19th century period. These ideas transform his spirit into a modern one, as well as a political ideologist, main voice of the French Revolution and pioneer of the Romantic Movement. Related to our article subject, Rousseau's political conceptual paradoxes refer to the contradiction between moderni-ty aspiration and the violent critic of the social progress. He emphasizes the contradiction between full trust of the "social contract", as a cultural pattern and the distrust of the "social education." The only way to leave the contradictions behind is his new education philosophy pattern based on a radical reform in order for the individual to develop himself.

  11. Lühike panegüürika Lauri Leesist : temale pühendatud näituse avamise puhul Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus 18. jaanuaril 2002 / Jean-Jacques Subrenat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Subrenat, Jean-Jacques

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse suursaadiku Eestis Jean-Jacques Subrenat sõnavõtt Rahvusraamatukogu humanitaarteaduste saalis ja Prantsuse saali galeriis näituse "Lauri Leesi kui prantsuse kultuuri ja keele vahendaja Eestis" avamise puhul

  12. Soberania, lei, vontade geral e autoridade legítima segundo Do contrato social de Jean-Jacques Rousseau Soberania, lei, vontade geral e autoridade legítima segundo Do contrato social de Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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    Raquel Kritsch

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    O objetivo deste artigo é introduzir o leitor no pensamento político de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, com base nas reflexões do autor em Do contrato social. Partindo-se da distinção entre poder e autoridade, procura-se mostrar o fundamento da legitimidade e a construção do contrato social ideal. Para o filósofo genebrino, a soberania, entendida como a vontade geral em ação, constitui o fundamento mais adequado às repúblicas, regidas por leis emanadas da vontade geral, as únicas capazes de expressar os interesses gerais de um “eu comum” que não se confunde nem com a maioria nem com os particulares. Depois de apresentadas as características centrais do poder soberano, discute-se o papel do governo e da religião civil na vida politicamente organizada sob um Estado republicano.

    O objetivo deste artigo é introduzir o leitor no pensamento político de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, com base nas reflexões do autor em Do contrato social. Partindo-se da distinção entre poder e autoridade, procura-se mostrar o fundamento da legitimidade e a construção do contrato social ideal. Para o filósofo genebrino, a soberania, entendida como a vontade geral em a

  13. Das CB-Erzieherprofil: Meister Eckhart. - Michel de Montaigne. - Johann Friedrich Herbart. - Lev Nicolaevic Tolstoj. - August Hermann Francke. - Claude Adrien Helvétius. - Jean-Jacques Rousseau. - Ernst Christian Trapp. - Johann Gottlieb Fichte. - Niccolo Machiavelli

    OpenAIRE

    März, Fritz

    1991-01-01

    Das CB-Erzieherprofil: Meister Eckhart. - Michel de Montaigne. - Johann Friedrich Herbart. - Lev Nicolaevic Tolstoj. - August Hermann Francke. - Claude Adrien Helvétius. - Jean-Jacques Rousseau. - Ernst Christian Trapp. - Johann Gottlieb Fichte. - Niccolo Machiavelli. - In: Christ und Bildung. 37. 1991. S. 39, 75, 116, 151, 189, 221, 261, 295, 335, 366

  14. Horizontes de diálogo em Educação Ambiental: contribuições de Milton Santos, Jean-Jacques Rousseau e Paulo Freire Dialogue perspectives in Environmental Education: contributions of Milton Santos, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Paulo Freire

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    Sandro de Castro Pitano

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Dialogando interdisciplinarmente com referenciais teóricos da Geografia, da Educação e da Filosofia, buscamos contribuir com os debates em torno da "Educação Ambiental", propondo novas perspectivas de análise ancoradas no pensamento político e pedagógico de Milton Santos, Jean-Jacques Rousseau e Paulo Freire. Entendemos que, se o fator determinante para o esgotamento dos elementos vitais do meio geográfico e das condições de sustentabilidade da vida na terra é o resultado das relações estabelecidas entre os homens, em sistemas sociais culturalmente heterogêneos, precisamos modificar nossa perspectiva de análise diante dos problemas ambientais na educação. O foco passa a ser não mais a dinâmica ser humano x natureza ou, ainda, sociedade x natureza, e sim sociedade x meio geográfico, o que sugere uma educação "socioambiental".Through interdisciplinary dialogue with theoretical references of Geography, Education and Philosophy, we aim at contributing to debates about "environmental education", proposing new perspectives of analysis supported by the political thoughts and teachings of Milton Santos, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Paulo Freire. We believe that, if the determinant factor for the extinction of the vital elements of the geographic means and the sustainable conditions of life on planet Earth is the result of relations established between human beings, in culturally heterogeneous social systems, a change of point of view is necessary in the face of environmental problems in the field of education. This way, the focus goes from the dynamic of human being x nature, or, still, society x nature, to society x geographic means, what suggests a "socioenvironmental" education.

  15. Natureza, razão e sociedade no Discurso sobre a origem e os fundamentos da desigualdade entre os homens de Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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    Raquel Kritsch

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é introduzir o leitor no pensamento político e social de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a partir de suas reflexões no Discurso sobre a origem e os fundamentos da desigualdade entre os homens. Partindo da crítica às noções de lei e direito naturais correntes à época, Rousseau procura discutir o que teria sido a condição natural de perfeito equilíbrio dos seres humanos com o meio, antes de forjarem todas aquelas abstrações – que os afastaria definitivamente de sua condição inocente e pura – necessárias a uma vida em comum baseada na moralidade e em critérios de justiça compartilhados. Para isso, discute os aspectos físicos (ou naturais, metafísicos e morais (ou sociais do homem selvagem para mostrar que a desigualdade é uma criação humana ligada ao progresso da perfectibilidade diante do livre arbítrio e, sobretudo, aos desenvolvimentos sociais e morais dos seres humanos na vida em coletividade (a determinação do bom, do justo, do virtuoso nas sociedades ditas civilizadas. Por fim, são brevemente apontadas as críticas políticas feitas pelo autor às sociedades “civilizadas” – para ele, injustas porque desiguais em seu fundamento – até então conhecidas.

  16. Sovereignty and Democracy in Global Times: acutality of the Jean-Jacques Rousseau Political Philosophy and the limits of the social contract

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    Marcus Baccega

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available SOBERANIA E DEMOCRACIA EM TEMPOS MUNDIALIZADOS: ATUALIDADE DA FILOSOFIA POLÍTICA DE JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU E OS LIMITES DO CONTRATO SOCIAL Resumo: este artigo visa a problematizar os (descaminhos dos conceitos políticos e das práticas sociais e jurídicas em torno da soberania política do Estado Nacional e da democracia nos tempos de mundialização do Capital. Portanto, revisita e percorre uma breve arqueologia conceitual da Soberania, desde Isidoro de Sevilha até a clássica definição de Jean Bodin nos Seis Livros sobre a República (1576. O propósito é problematizar a filosofia política de Rousseau para, então, perceber e discutir seus limites suas virtualidades, bem como a atualidade de sua noção de Contrato Social e o papel da Filosofia Política na Era do Capital Global. Palavras-chave: Rousseau. Soberania. Mundialização do Capital. Abstract: this paper casts doubt on the ways and shunts of political concepts and social and legal practices concerning political sovereignty of the Nation State and democracy at the time of Capital’s globalization. It revisits a brief conceptual archeology of Sovereignty, since Isidore of Seville to the classical definition by Jean Bodin in The Six Books on the Republic (1576. The purpose is casting doubt on the political philosophy of Rousseau, in order to discuss its limits and virtualities, and the topicality of his notion of social contract and the role of Political Philosophy at the Age of Global Capital. Keywords: Rousseau. Sovereignty. Globalization of Capital.

  17. Thibon Jean-Jacques, L’œuvre d’Abû ‘Abd al-Rahmân al-Sulamî (325/937-412/1021 et la formation du soufisme, Damas, Institut Francais du Proche-Orient, 2009, 649 p.

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    Rachida Chih

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Les historiens du soufisme et de l’islam en général ne pourront que saluer la sortie de l’ouvrage de Jean-Jacques Thibon véritable synthèse non seulement sur un personnage et son oeuvre, mais aussi, sur une époque et ses doctrines. Cette époque, le xe siècle, est celle de la formation du soufisme à laquelle Sulamî a fortement contribué, à sa manière. Le travail est impressionnant : afin de nous faire connaître le personnage, son milieu et le rapport qu’il entretenait avec son œuvre, l’auteur ...

  18. Prantsuse suursaaadiku hr. Jean-Jacques Subrenat sissejuhatav sõnavõtt / Jean-Jacques Subrenat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Subrenat, Jean-Jacques

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Proceedings of the 8th International conference Estonia and the European Union : Estonia on its way to a changing Europe : October 31-November 2, 2001. - Tallinn, lk., lk. 124-131. Kriisi juhtimise puhul on EL roll eeskätt olla võimeline juhtima kogu erinevate ülesannete paletti alates politseoperatsioonidest kuni rahutagamiseni, alates ülesehitamisest kuni institutsioonide loomiseni

  19. O processo decisório em Charles Edward Lindblom e a vontade geral em Jean-Jacques Rousseau: reflexões acerca da participação política e da necessidade de educação para essa participação

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    Roberta Aline Sbrana

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Na obra O Processo de Decisão Política, Charles Edward Lindblom tece reflexões acerca desse processo, destacando a relevância da participação política dos cidadãos em geral. Entretanto, esse autor alerta a necessidade da existência de uma educação que tenha como compromisso a formação de homens e mulheres para a participação social, pois somente a partir dessa educação tal participação poderá se efetivar. Do mesmo modo, na obra O Contrato Social, Jean-Jacques Rousseau apresenta considerações acerca da importância da participação do povo no processo de elaboração desse contrato, a qual ocorrerá por intermédio da “vontade geral”. Mas essa participação implica a criação de uma educação voltada para a formação do homem como indivíduo e cidadão, para que este participe de forma ativa da sociedade, tal como expõe em seu tratado pedagógico – Emílio ou Da Educação. O intuito desse trabalho é evidenciar que em ambas as reflexões esses autores discutem sobre essa relevância da participação política dos cidadãos, a qual, segundo sua visão, será concretizada apenas pela existência de uma educação que valorize a formação para a participação.

  20. The theory of freedom in Jean Jacques Rousseau: A critical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... any other problem of political philosophy and aims to explain how man in the state of nature is blessed with an enviable total freedom. He believed that modern man's enslavement to his own needs was responsible for all sorts of societal ills, from exploitation and domination of others to poor self-esteem and depression.

  1. Medievalist enlightenment. From Charles Perrault to Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Montoya, A.C.

    2013-01-01

    Literary medievalism played a vital role in the construction of the French Enlightenment. Starting with the Quarrel of the Ancients and Moderns, it influenced movements leading to the Romantic rediscovery of the Middle Ages, and helped to shape new literary genres, from the epistolary novel to the

  2. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views on adult education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dame, Frederick William

    1996-01-01

    Although Rousseau describes in Émile only his scheme for childhood education, he presents us in this work with some direct statements which can be applied to explain more fully the nature of adult education. The author surveys Rousseau's ideas on the role of the general will in adult educational philosophy, subject matter, methodology and negative education, as well as the relationships between the family, student, teacher, community and the state. He concludes that the modern Rousseau would not limit education to males and would recognize that the four Rousseauian periods of educational development — infancy, childhood, youngster, adolescence — is followed by a fifth: adulthood. Adult education is the logical continuation of the four previous phases. Throughout each phase education must permit intellectual and moral growth and always allow for creativity and diversity. Only then can adults become positive contributors to their society.

  3. Sobre um "individualismo" de Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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    Cláudio Reis

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute um aspecto da apropriação, por parte de Rousseau, do modelo contratualista - em especial, do ponto de partida "individualista" geralmente implicado por esse modelo.À igualdade e à liberdade , tradicionalmente associadas pelos autores contratualistas ao indivíduo e ilustradas paradgmaticamente na hipótese do estado de natureza,Rousseau acrescenta uma terceira,a unidade.Esse acréscimo revela-se fundamental,como o texto tenta mostrar,desdobrando a dupla perspectiva em que, a partir de Rousseau, pode-se pôr as relações entre indivíduo e comunidade:a perspectiva da teoria da lei,desenvolvida sobretudo no Contrato Social, e uma outra,que sugerimos no texto chamar de perspectiva do Legislador.

  4. Further Fossil finds from Flores

    OpenAIRE

    Lieberman, Daniel Eric

    2005-01-01

    New fossil discoveries on Flores, Indonesia, bolster the evidence that Homo floresiensiswas a dwarfed human species that lived at the end of the last ice age. But the species’ evolutionary origins remain obscure.

  5. The avifauna of Flores (Lesser Sunda Islands)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mees, G.F.

    2006-01-01

    The avifauna of the island of Flores (Lesser Sunda Islands) is reviewed. Introductory sections, which include a chapter on the history of ornithological discovery, are followed by the main part, a systematic account in which each species and subspecies known from Flores is treated separately. A

  6. December 1992 Flores Region, Maumere, Indonesia Images

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — On December 12, 1992, a magnitude 7.5 Ms (USGS) earthquake at 05:29 UT occurred in the Flores, Indonesia, region producing a tsunami that reached shore in five...

  7. en flores de ginger (Alpinia purpurata

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    Helga Blanco-Metzler

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió el efecto de 3 condiciones de luz (completa-548,63 W m-2, media luz-280,02 W m-2, sombra-76,38 W m-2, el uso de repelentes (ajo más chile, neem y pichichío y el uso de bolsas de exclusión, en el daño de Cholus pilicauda a las flores de ginger rosado (Alpinia purpurata en una plantación asociada con poró (Erythrina poeppigiana. El embolse de las flores redujo significativamente el número de flores dañadas, independientemente de la intensidad lumínica. No se encontró diferencias entre el número de flores dañadas con el uso de Azatina®flores dañadas. La sombra densa resultó en un mayor número de flores dañadas, seguida por luz completa y la media.

  8. Jean-Jacques Is Alive and Well: Rousseau and Contemporary Sociobiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masters, Roger D.

    1978-01-01

    A description of the author's personal fascination with and study of Rousseau's life. Discusses Rousseau's many questions that are relevant to evolutionary biology, sociobiology, anthropology, and ethology. Questions concern the nature of human nature, the origin of human society, nurture-nature influences on humans, and the nature of male-female…

  9. Akumulasi Melalui Perampasan dan Kemiskinan di Flores

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    Emilianus Yakob Sese Tolo

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTulisan ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan persoalan kemiskinan di Flores dari perspektif ekonomi politik. Melalui penelitian kualitatif dengan tinjauan kepustakaan, artikel ini berargumentasi bahwa kemiskinan di Flores disebabkan oleh akumulasi melalui perampasan yang berkaitan dengan tiga hal pokok, yakni sejarah penjajahan yang panjang, ketimpangan agraria, dan depolitisasi massa rakyat. Penjajahan yang panjang telah menyebabkan perubahan struktur pemerintahan dan agraria demi akumulasi melalui perampasan. Ketimpangan agraria mempermudah proses akumulasi melalui perampasan. Dengan hanya mengandalkan perlawanan spontan yang tak terorganisir, proses akumulasi melalui perampasan tak terbendung dan terus mengeskalasi hingga saatini.Abstract This article aims to explain the poverty in Flores by using a political economy perspective. Through qualitative research methodology by review of literatures, this article opines that poverty in the region is caused by the accumulation by dispossession through three main areas, namely the long colonial history, agrarian inequality, and the de-politicization of the masses. The long history of colonization has led to the change of the system of administration and the agrarian structure for the sake of the accumulation by dispossession. The agrarian inequalities facilitate the process of accumulation by dispossession. Just by relying on unorganized spontaneous resistances, the accumulation by dispossession is unstoppable and keeps escalating till today. 

  10. Tropical Volcanic Soils From Flores Island, Indonesia

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    Hikmatullah

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Soils that are developed intropical region with volcanic parent materials have many unique properties, and high potential for agricultural use.The purpose of this study is to characterize the soils developed on volcanic materials from Flores Island, Indonesia,and to examine if the soils meet the requirements for andic soil properties. Selected five soils profiles developed fromandesitic volcanic materials from Flores Island were studied to determine their properties. They were compared intheir physical, chemical and mineralogical characteristics according to their parent material, and climatic characteristicdifferent. The soils were developed under humid tropical climate with ustic to udic soil moisture regimes withdifferent annual rainfall. The soils developed from volcanic ash parent materials in Flores Island showed differentproperties compared to the soils derived from volcanic tuff, even though they were developed from the sameintermediary volcanic materials. The silica contents, clay mineralogy and sand fractions, were shown as the differences.The different in climatic conditions developed similar properties such as deep solum, dark color, medium texture, andvery friable soil consistency. The soils have high organic materials, slightly acid to acid, low to medium cationexchange capacity (CEC. The soils in western region have higher clay content and showing more developed than ofthe eastern region. All the profiles meet the requirements for andic soil properties, and classified as Andisols order.The composition of sand mineral was dominated by hornblende, augite, and hypersthenes with high weatherablemineral reserves, while the clay fraction was dominated by disordered kaolinite, and hydrated halloysite. The soilswere classified into subgroup as Thaptic Hapludands, Typic Hapludands, and Dystric Haplustands

  11. Aspiração por reconhecimento e educação do amor-próprio em Jean-Jacques Rousseau Aspiration for recognition and the education of self-love in Jean-Jacques Rousseau

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    Claudio Almir Dalbosco

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura mostrar a existência de uma filosofia social no Segundo discurso de Rousseau, tomando a aspiração humana por reconhecimento como seu núcleo constitutivo. A investigação sobre a origem da desigualdade conduz o genebrino à interrogação acerca do próprio homem, descobrindo a liberdade e a perfectibilidade como forças (faculdades originárias de sua sociabilidade. Pela liberdade o homem chega à consciência de sua espiritualidade, ou seja, torna-se apto a ir além do mecanicismo causal imposto pela natureza, construindo o universo linguístico, simbólico e cultural. Pela perfectibilidade, o homem adquire a capacidade de tornar-se cada vez melhor e apto não só para lutar pela sua sobrevivência imediata, como também para aspirar ser reconhecido pelos demais. Em síntese, liberdade e perfectibilidade abrem-lhe as portas para a sociabilidade e permitem-lhe ingressar no universo cultural. Contudo, simultâneo ao processo de tornar-se um ser livre e capaz de se aperfeiçoar, o homem desenvolve a capacidade de sair fora de si mesmo, sentindo a necessidade da comparação permanente com os demais. Isso marca, do ponto de vista da constituição humana, a passagem do amor de si para o amor-próprio: enquanto o primeiro é representativo do estado natural e está baseado na piedade, o segundo caracteriza o homem civil e está marcado pela propensão do homem de querer ocupar uma posição superior em relação aos demais. Se tal propensão se tornar incontrolável, ela pode conduzir à destruição da sociabilidade. Daí a necessidade de sua regulação jurídica e política, acompanhada, previamente, por um processo de formação pedagógica e moral. Isso justifica então a necessidade de educação permanente do amor-próprio.The article seeks to demonstrate the existence of a social philosophy in Rousseau's Second discourse, which takes the human aspiration for recognition as its constitutive core. The investigation on the origin of inequality leads the Genevan to his questionings about men himself, discovering freedom and perfectibility as originary strengths (faculties of his sociability. Through freedom man arrives at the awareness of his spirituality, that is, becomes capable of going beyond the causal mechanicism imposed by nature, constructing the linguistic, symbolic and cultural universe. Through perfectibility man acquires the ability to become better and better, and ready not only to fight for his immediate survival, but to aspire to be recognized by the others. In summary, freedom and perfectibility open to him the doors to sociability, and allow him to enter the cultural universe. However, concomitantly to the process of becoming a free being, capable of perfecting itself, man develops the ability to step outside himself, feeling the need for constant comparison with the others. That heralds, from the point of view of the human constitution, the passage from the love of oneself (amour de soi to self-love (amour-propre: whilst the former is representative of the natural state and is based on piety, the latter characterizes the civilized man, and is marked by man's propensity to wish to occupy a higher position than the rest. If such propensity is not curtailed, it can lead to the destruction of sociability. Hence the need for its juridical and political regulation, anteceded by a process of moral and pedagogical formation. This then justifies the need for the permanent education of self-love.

  12. Fisiologia pós-colheita de flores de corte.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gláucia M. Dias-Tagliacozzo

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available A longevidade das flores de corte está associada a fatores fisiológicos inerentes da espécie e a fatores do ambiente, como a temperatura, umidade, ação do etileno e a qualidade da água do vaso. O desequilíbrio entre a absorção de água pela haste e transpiração, causado pela obstrução física dos vasos xilemáticos, reduz a disponibilidade de água, ocorrendo murcha das pétalas e estímulo da produção de etileno. As flores têm diferentes graus de sensibilidade e produção de etileno, flores climatéricas apresentam elevada produção durante a senescência e aumento da sensibilidade ao etileno. Em algumas flores, geralmente aquelas com baixa produção e sensibilidade ao etileno, o fornecimento de carboidratos e a interação com ácido giberélico e citonininas exercem grande controle sobre a longevidade. O tratamento de “pulsing” com sacarose melhora a absorção de água pela haste cortada, estimula a abertura de flores ainda na forma de botão e fornece açúcares para a manutenção da respiração vital das flores. A utilização dos inibidores da ação do etileno 1-MCP e STS tem-se mostrado eficiente em inibir a produção autocatalítica de etileno e prolongar a vida de vaso de flores climatéricas e, em alguns casos, prolonga a longevidade de flores com baixa ou mesmo insensíveis ao etileno. A redução de temperatura prolonga o período de armazenamento e a vida de prateleira, porém em flores de origem tropical e subtropical, que são sensíveis à injúria por frio, manifestam danos em temperaturas de armazenamento inferiores a 10 a 13oC, dependendo da espécie.

  13. Longevidade e durabilidade de flores de Laelia purpurata Lindl. (Orchidaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulio Cesare Stancato

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, há falta de informações sobre a vida pós-colheita de inflorescências de orquídeas, quando cortadas e comercializadas como flores de corte. O objetivo deste trabalho foi acompanhar a longevidade e durabilidade de flores de Laelia purpurata quando mantidas em água destilada ou em solução aquosa com 1 % de sacarose; também foram monitoradas inflorescências intactas. Os resultados mostraram que a longevidade das flores intactas é muito superior à durabilidade em vaso. É possível que a demanda por carboidratos durante o período pós-colheita das flores seja parcialmente compensada pela sacarose na solução. O conteúdo de água para a flor e para as sépalas e pétalas mostrou que a demanda por água foi diretamente proporcional ao acúmulo de massa seca, indicando um grande fluxo transpiratório. No tratamento com 1 % de sacarose, o período de durabilidade das flores foi prolongado quando comparado ao tratamento com água destilada, provavelmente por aumentar a disponibilidade de açúcares para a respiração.

  14. JEAN-JACQUES EIGELDINGER, Chopin visto dai suoi allievi, a cura di Costantino Mastroprimiano, Roma, Astrolabio-Ubaldini, 2010

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    Antonio Rostagno

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available L’accurata raccolta e sistemazione di testimonianze scritte riguardanti Chopin, attuata da Eigeldinger, si rivela utile su entrambi i piani storico e didattico-pedagogico. Importante punto di riferimento per la didattica strumentale e per la didattica della musica in generale, il volume offre dettagliate e approfondite informazioni su aspetti peculiari del pensiero compositivo chopiniano.

  15. Contribution à l'étude de la flore lichénique dans la zéenaie de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'identification taxonomique des lichens s'est faite par le biais de tests chimiques et sur la base de quelques flores telles que la flore de Ozenda et Clauzade, la flore de Van Haluwyn et Asta et la flore de Diederich et Lambion. Au laboratoire nous avons réalise des coupes histologiques pour confirmer l'identité du taxon.

  16. La flore du conservatoire botanique Michel Adanson de Mbour ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectif: Cette étude a été réalisée dans la commune de Mbour dans le but de caractériser la flore du conservatoire botanique Michel ADANSON. Elle se propose d'établir la composition spécifique, les spectres taxonomique, biologique et chorologique et d'apprécier la fréquence et l'abondance des espèces. Méthodologie ...

  17. Biogeochemical dynamics of Flores Island aquatic systems, Azores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguiar, P.; Antunes, P.; Raposeiro, P.; Mestre, R.; Costa, A.; Cruz, V.

    2009-04-01

    The present work was developed during the 2009 Flores and Corvo expedition organized by the Department of Biology, University of the Azores. The main goal was to conduct a robust ecosystem analysis in which the microbial community composition assessment of the lakes water column and of the adjacent bottom sediments was integrated with the environmental characterization of specific Flores Island freshwater habitats. For this, three lake systems and three mineral springs were studied. Water and sediment samples were collected at each site. Additionally, microbial biofilm samples were also collected where detected and the community was studied using a culture independent integrated approach. The Azores archipelago is located within the North Atlantic, between the boundary of three tectonic plates (American, Eurasia, and African plates), and it is composed of nine volcanic islands spread along a general WNW-ESSE direction, between 37° to 40° N and 25° to 31° W. The islands correspond to the emerged portions of the Azores plateau defined by the 2000 m bathimetry line Flores and Corvo form the western islands group, with Flores being the western most island of the archipelago. These islands genesis would have started during the Miocenico Flores island subaereal phase is dated of 0.7 M BP and the island volcanic actividade is thought to stop around 3000 years A.C. All lakes included in the study are of volcanic origins and are subject to vulcanic contamination. Hydrogeochemical studies can be used as an insight to the volcanic systems since vulcanic gases condensation and/or thermal fluids mixing can occur at these sites. Most microbial community studies within azorean freshwater systems were restricted to phytoplanktonic community studies or were conducted at hydrothermal sites solely. This is the first work that integrates microbial community composition studies of the lakes water column (phytoplankton as well as bacterioplankton) and of the adjacent bottom

  18. Projetos de Prefácios de As Flores do Mal, de Charles Baudelaire

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    Charles Baudelaire

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO: O trabalho consiste na tradução dos quatro projetos de prefácios que Baudelaire escreveu para As Flores do Mal, cujos rascunhos foram publicados apenas postumamente. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Charles Baudelaire, As Flores do Mal, Crítica literária, Poesia, Tradução.

  19. The rabies epidemic on Flores Island, Indonesia (1998-2003).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windiyaningsih, Caecilia; Wilde, Henry; Meslin, Francois X; Suroso, Thomas; Widarso, H S

    2004-11-01

    Flores is an isolated previously rabies-free Indonesian island which has been experiencing a canine rabies outbreak which resulted in at least 113 human deaths. It started with the importation of three dogs from rabies endemic Sulawesi in September of 1997. Local authorities responded with massive killing of dogs starting in early 1998. Approximately 70% of the dogs, in the district where rabies had been introduced, were killed during that year, yet canine rabies still exists on Flores at this time (June 2004). Approximately 50 percent of dog bite cases and human deaths were in children under 15 years of age. Between 1998 and the end of 2002, 3,389 post-exposure rabies treatments were provided and none of the treated subjects died. Almost all patients were given the Thai Red Cross intradermal rabies postexposure treatment regimen using tissue culture rabies vaccine. A small but unknown number of patients with very severe exposures also received equine rabies immune globulin. This occurrence indicates that even massive culling of the dog population, without an intensive vaccination campaign of the survivors, will not arrest an outbreak even if it occurs on a small island.

  20. La flore des systèmes agropastoraux de la Basse Casamance ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ce travail constitue une première étude de la flore des systèmes agropastoraux dans la communauté rurale de Mlomp. Cette étude est réalisée par la méthode des relevés phytosociologiques. Elle a été entreprise pour déterminer la structure de la flore (spectres taxonomique, biologique et chorologique) et l'influence du ...

  1. Uptake of Rabies Control Measures by Dog Owners in Flores Island, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Wera, Ewaldus; Mourits, M.C.M.; Hogeveen, Henk

    2015-01-01

    Background Rabies has been a serious public health threat in Flores Island, Indonesia since it was introduced in 1997. To control the disease, annual dog vaccination campaigns have been implemented to vaccinate all dogs free of charge. Nevertheless, the uptake rate of the vaccination campaigns has been low. The objective of this paper is to identify risk factors associated with the uptake of rabies control measures by individual dog owners in Flores Island. Methodology/principal findings A to...

  2. Flore adventice sous palmeraie, dans la zone de savane incluse a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Flore adventice sous palmeraie, dans la zone de savane incluse a Dabou, basse Côte d'Ivoire. ... villageoises. Quant à la loi de concentration de la flore adventice, elle a été sensiblement du type (25/75). Mots-clés : Palmier à huile, adventice, inventaire floristique, variable écologique, savane incluse, Côte d'Ivoire.

  3. KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA BALITA DI MAUMERE FLORES NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

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    Vivian Nanny Lia Dewi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pneumonia is the most significant disease to cause death in children compared to any other respiratoy infections, particularly in babies and children under five years old. Objective: This study aimed to investigate several risk factors for pneumonia in children under five years old in Maumere, Flores, NTT. Methods: This sudy employed collaborative qualitative-quantitative design. Data on the occurrence of pneumonia were drawn from the medical record of TC Hillers Maumere hospital, gathering information from January to July 2015. Research also involved direct observation to residents housing and interviews with health care providers and locals. Research population was children under five with a history of pneumonia, consisted of 152 children. Data were alayzed with a univariate method. Results: The majority of respondents with pneumonia were male (53.3%, co-morbid with iron deficiency anemia (20.4%, aged under 12 months (69.1%, well-nourished (56.6%, and waiting for 1-3 days at home before going to the hospital (47.5%. Direct observation suggested that Maumere was a dry and dusty area. The majority of housing roof was zinc, with topsoil floor, house ventilation were not properly adjusted, houses were over-populated, and residents still used wood and gasoline to cook. Residents had strong belief on supernatural powers. Conclusion: Risk factors that increased the occurrence of pneumonia in children under five in Maumere were age, sex, nutritional status, and environment characteristics.

  4. Model of sustainability of vernacular kampongs within Ngadha culture, Flores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susetyarto, M. B.

    2018-01-01

    In the indigenous people of Ngadha, Flores (8°52’40.45”South, 120°59’8.18”East), the phenomenon of sustainability could be seen in its very interesting architectural traces in the setting of local factors. The sustainability phenomenon had a high value in their life and it was clearly indicated in daily activities as well as farmers, weavers, or carpenters. The phenomenon was unique and has been successfully created as a model. The research has been done by qualitative method in inductive paradigm. The data collection and comprehensive analysis have done in the field by occasional discussions with some sources of Ngadha traditional experts, vernacular architecture researchers, sociologists, anthropologists, and others. The result was a model of sustainability of vernacular kampongs within Ngadha culture, namely Tuku nunga lo’a ghera adha Ngadha. The concept of sustainability was a cultural event that synergizes the five factors supporting continuously sustainability until the optimum momentum of sustainability occurred in those synergistic conditions. The five factors were natural environment (one nua), indigenous community (mesu mora), vernacular architecture (sa’o bhaga ngadhu ture), economy (ngo ngani), and Ngadha culture (adha Ngadha). The significance and impact of the research were to provide input for the completeness of sustainability knowledge, especially the vernacular kampongs sustainability model.

  5. El hombre y la sociedad, en los albores de la modernidad. Entre Nicolás Maquiavelo y Jean Jacques Rousseau

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    Lic. Susana Sanguineti de Brasesco

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available En este recorrido que me propongo a través del pensamiento filosófico que va dibujando propuestas del hombre y la sociedad, comenzaré con Maquiavelo. Porque fue él quien con su teoría del estado abre las puertas, desde esa franja de aguas mezcladas de postrimerías del medioevo, a la concepción del estado moderno.

  6. Jean-Jacques Rousseau y Karl Marx: estudio comparativo de dos críticas a la economía de mercado

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    Andrés Álvarez

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo hace una comparación de las teorías monetarias de dos grandes críticos de la economía de mercado: Rousseau y Marx. Muestra sus similitudes y divergencias; entre éstas la más importante es el lugar del análisis económico en sus proyectos intelectuales y políticos. Mientras que Marx fundó su crítica político-científica en el análisis económico, Rousseau pensaba que el análisis económico no podía ser la base para entender la organización social. Sus teorías monetarias pueden explicar esta divergencia.

  7. LA RIQUEZA DE LAS PLANTAS CON FLORES DE COLOMBIA

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    J. ORLANDO RANGEL-CH.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Con base en los inventarios florísticos a nivel regional que se adelantan desde 1991 se documentaron los patrones de riqueza (distribución, concentración a nivel de familia de las plantas con flores en Colombia y en sus regiones naturales extra-andinas. En Colombia están representadas 238 de las 414 familias de plantas con flores reconocidas a nivel global, lo cual significa el 57.7% de esta riqueza. De las regiones naturales incluidas en este estudio, la Amazonia es la más rica en número de especies y la de mayor superficie y en el Caribe se alcanzó el mayor número de familias (201. El índice de riqueza a nivel de familia fue mayor en el Caribe (15.6 x 10-4 y el de especies fue mayor en el Chocó (3.4x10-2 y menor en la Orinoquia (1.7x 10-2.. En la Orinoquia están ausentes 65 familias, en la Amazonia 49, en el Chocó 59 y en el Caribe 35 respectivamente. En cuanto a distintividad taxonómica a nivel de familias, en el Caribe se encuentran 19 familias con distribución restringida, en Amazonia cinco, en el Chocó y en la Orinoquia una en cada caso. No se comprobó una relación directa entre superficie del área de la región natural y las expresiones de la riqueza y de la distintividad taxonómica. Se confirma el patrón alto de riqueza en un número reducido de familias, en las 50 familias más ricas en todas las regiones naturales se concentran los valores de riqueza específica por encima del 82%. Entre las familias con mayor concentración de especies en Colombia, en comparación con la situación a nivel del mundo cabe destacar a Metteniusaceae, grupo que presenta siete de las nueve especies registradas en el mundo e igualmente a Brunelliaceae, Siparunaceae, Cyclanthaceae, Heliconiaceae, Myristicaceae, Marcgraviaceae, Gunneraceae, Humiriaceae, Rapateaceae y Tropaeolaceae. Una comparación de los patrones de riqueza a nivel de familia en los países megadiversos de Suramérica, muestra que en Brasil 41 familias tienen mayor n

  8. The Many Faces of Compliance: The Supreme Court's Decision in "Horne v. Flores"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thro, William E.

    2009-01-01

    At first blush, the Supreme Court's recent decision in "Horne v. Flores" (2009) appears to be about the proper standard for determining when to modify a previous judgment, a topic that would interest only civil procedure geeks. Yet, on closer examination, "Horne" is about giving local and state officials discretion to solve education problems and,…

  9. Flore vasculaire rare et endemique de la peninsule de l'Edough ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dans cette optique, la diversite floristique de la peninsule de l'Edough, a revele ... les plantes endemiques, rares ou menacees. La categorie des rares represente 7.86 % de la flore etudiee, soit 31 taxons, et 2.53 % des especes sont tres rares .... terres entourant la peninsule de l 'Edough et formant une ile temporaire [10].

  10. Pouzolzia floresiana (Urticaceae), a new species from Flores, Nusa Tenggara Timur (Lesser Sunda Islands), Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilmot-Dear, Christine Melanie; Friis, Ib

    2012-01-01

    Pouzolzia floresiana Friis & Wilmot-Dear (Urticaceae) is described and illustrated on the basis of a single collection from the western part of the Indonesian island of Flores. The species is a thick-stemmed herb, similar in habit to Pouzolzia thailandica, but differs in having axillary flower cl...

  11. Cost-Effectiveness of Mass Dog Vaccination Campaigns against Rabies in Flores Island, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wera, E.; Mourits, M.C.M.; Siko, M.M.; Hogeveen, H.

    2017-01-01

    A dynamic deterministic simulation model was developed to determine the cost-effectiveness of different mass dog vaccination strategies against rabies in a dog population representative of a typical village on Flores Island. Cost-effectiveness was measured as public cost per averted dog-rabies case.

  12. Etat des connaissances sur la flore et la phytosociologie de deux ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Quatre nouveaux signalements pour la flore togolaise ont été faits dans les Asclepiadaceae (Raphionacme keayi Bullock.), les Asteraceae (Adelostigma senegalensis Benth.), les Orchidaceae (Platycoryne paludosa (Lind.) Rolfe et les Schizaeaceae (Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br.). L'analyse factorielle de ...

  13. Age and context of the oldest known hominin fossils from Flores

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brumm, A.; van den Bergh, G.D.; Storey, M.; Kurniawan, I.; Alloway, B.V.; Setiawan, R.; Setiyabudi, E.; Grün, R.; Moore, M.; Yurnaldi, D.; Puspaningrum, M.R.; Wibowo, U.P.; Insani, H.; Sutisna, I.; Westgate, J.A.; Pearce, N.J.G.; Duval, M.; Meijer, H. J. M.; Aziz, F.; Sutikna, T.; van der Kaars, S.; Flude, S.; Morwood, M.J.

    2016-01-01

    Recent excavations at the early Middle Pleistocene site of Mata Menge in the So'a Basin of central Flores, Indonesia, have yielded hominin fossils attributed to a population ancestral to Late Pleistocene Homo floresiensis. Here we describe the age and context of the Mata Menge hominin specimens and

  14. Costs of Rabies Control: An Economic Calculation Method Applied to Flores Island

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wera, E.; Velthuis, A.G.J.; Geong, M.; Hogeveen, H.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Rabies is a zoonotic disease that, in most human cases, is fatal once clinical signs appear. The disease transmits to humans through an animal bite. Dogs are the main vector of rabies in humans on Flores Island, Indonesia, resulting in about 19 human deaths each year. Currently, rabies

  15. Socio-economic modelling of rabies control in Flores Island, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wera, Ewaldus

    2017-01-01

    Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease that can cause encephalomyelitis both in animals and humans. Since its introduction in Flores Island, Indonesia in 1997, it has been a serious public health threat with significant economic consequences. To control the disease, annual dog vaccination campaigns

  16. Flore vasculaire rare et endemique de la peninsule de l'Edough ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    [32] Le Floc'h E., Boulos L., Vela E., 2010. Catalogue synonymique commente de la flore de. Tunisie, Banque Nationale de Genes. Ministere de !'Environnement et du Developpement Durable,. Tunis. 500p. [33] James L.R., Mark W.C., 2011. APGIII : Bibliographical Information and Synonymy of. Magnoliidae. Phytotaxa, Vol.

  17. Uptake of Rabies Control Measures by Dog Owners in Flores Island, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wera, Ewaldus; Mourits, M.C.M.; Hogeveen, Henk

    2015-01-01

    Rabies has been a serious public health threat in Flores Island, Indonesia since it was introduced in 1997. To control the disease, annual dog vaccination campaigns have been implemented to vaccinate all dogs free of charge. Nevertheless, the uptake rate of the vaccination campaigns has been low.

  18. Socio-economic modelling of rabies control in Flores Island, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wera, Ewaldus

    2017-01-01

    Rabies is a zoonotic viral disease that can cause encephalomyelitis both in animals and humans. Since its introduction in Flores Island, Indonesia in 1997, it has been a serious public health threat with significant economic consequences. To control the disease, annual dog vaccination campaigns have

  19. Etude comparative de la flore aux abords des cours d'eau dans les ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Etude comparative de la flore aux abords des cours d'eau dans les zones hypo et hyper endémiques d'ulcère de Buruli en Côte d'Ivoire. C. Cisse Boni, E. Ehouman, D. Soro, M.W. Kone, A. Bakayoko, F. Dembele, K. Bauthire, M Dosso ...

  20. Contrato e confederação: notas sobre o papel das relações internacionais no pensamento político de Jean-Jacques Rousseau Contract and confederation: notes on the role of international relations in Jean-Jacques Rousseau's political thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Oscar de Almeida Marques

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ao ler o Contrato social de Rousseau, tendemos a nos concentrar em seu objetivo explícito, que é o de investigar e estabelecer uma regra de administração legítima e segura para uma comunidade política individual. Em conformidade com o próprio caráter abstrato da obra, somos levados a ver essa comunidade como alguma coisa pré-existente e isolada, sem perguntar o que já havia inicialmente de comum a esses indivíduos que decidem submeter-se à regra de sua vontade geral, e como esse corpo político assim constituído se relaciona com os que não são eles mesmos, mas "os outros", isto é, com as demais sociedades com as quais terá inevitavelmente de conviver. Tais questões tinham grande importância para Rousseau, e só o caráter fragmentário e inconcluso do Contrato social explica por que não receberam o tratamento aprofundado que lhes seria devido. Pretendo, em minha exposição, explorar alguns aspectos das soluções que Rousseau deixou esboçadas em outras obras, especialmente no Emílio e em seu Extrato e Julgamento, do projeto de paz perpétua do Abbé de Saint-Pierre, e que apontam para uma compreensão muito lúcida do problema das relações entre as nações, e para uma solução que tem, surpreendentemente, muito em comum com a que propôs, no Contrato social, para a questão das relações entre indivíduos. Pretendo mostrar que há, em Rousseau, o gérmen de uma concepção das relações internacionais que não as reduz ao mero jogo de forças proposto pelo "realismo" hobbesiano e, ao mesmo tempo, viabiliza a convivência civilizada e regulada, sem impor a uniformidade de valores e perspectivas característica do cosmopolitismo kantiano.When we read Rousseau's Social Contract, we tend to focus on its explicit goal, which is to investigate and establish a safe and legitimate rule of administration for a single political community. In accordance with the abstract character of the work, we tend to see this community as something pre-existing and isolated, without asking what those individuals who decide to submit to the rule of his general will had initially in common, and how the political body thus formed is related to those who are not they themselves, but "the others", i.e., with other societies among which they will inevitably have to live. Such issues were of great importance to Rousseau, and only the fragmentary and inconclusive nature of the Social Contract explains why they did not receive the detailed treatment that would be due to them. In this paper I intend to explore some aspects of the solutions Rousseau left sketched elsewhere, especially in Emile and in the Extract and Judgment of the the Abbé de Saint-Pierre's project of perpetual peace, which point to Rousseau's very lucid understanding of the problem of relations between nations, and to a solution that has, surprisingly, much in common with the one that he proposed, in the Social Contract, to the problem of relations between individuals. I Intend to show that there is, in Rousseau, the germ of a conception of international relations that do not reduce them to the mere play of forces proposed by Hobbesian "realism" and, at the same time, allows a regulated and civilized coexistence without imposing the uniformity of values and perspectives characteristic of Kantian cosmopolitanism.

  1. Facial, upper facial, and orbital index in Batak, Klaten, and Flores students of Jember University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masniari Novita

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Forensic anthropology is a neglected branch of physical anthropology in Indonesia. The role of anthropology in forensics including medical and dental forensic is identification. Anthropology could be used in identify skeleton including sex, age, height and race. The aim of this study was to know the facial index, the upper facial index and the orbital index among three different students race population of Jember University used Posteroanterior radiography. The subjects of this study were Batak, Klaten and Flores students of Jember University. The craniometric indices in this study according to the El-Najjar classification. The result showed that all the subjects facial index classified as hypereuryprosopic with the mean between 78.05–79.184. Batak population upper facial index classified as hyperueryene, while Flores and Klaten population were euryene. All the population orbital index classified as hypsiconch.

  2. Why do they (still sing stories? Singing narratives in Tanjung Bunga (eastern Flores, Lamaholot, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana Rappoport

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In eastern Flores, on the Tanjung Bunga peninsula (among Western Lamaholot speakers, several times a year, ritual narratives (opak are performed on a square dancing area, where all the clans of the same ceremonial land meet. Three types of narrative are sung, according to three kinds of rituals. The article explains the context, content and performance details of these stories, performed all night long. Why do the various clans continue to sing all these narrative? What values do these long poems have for people who sing them? Until now, studies on this subject have been remarkably few, and not even a partial transcription or translation of these narratives is available. This article offers a preliminary insight into these sung narratives, to show how vital they still are in eastern Flores.

  3. Uruguay mining inventory. Geochemical prospecting results of the Las Flores aerial map

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeegers, H.; Bonnefoy, D.; Garau, M.; Spangenberg, J.

    1981-01-01

    In the context of the Uruguay mining inventory, the aerial photography map Las Flores had been covered by a specific strategic which included geochemical prospecting elements. The surface covered has the 550 km2, and 1042 samples which they have been analized in Orleans France. 22 elements by plasma spectroscopy and gold by atomic absorption and for uranium laser spectroscopy . They have been evidenced the following anomalies: gold, Pb, Pb-Ba-Cu, Ba and Ni-Cr

  4. O Uso de Imagens Digitais na Classificação de Flores de Corte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GLÁUCIA MORAES DIAS

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O uso de técnicas de imagem em processo de produção agrícola está se tornando uma ferramenta muito promissora em apoio ao desenvolvimento da padronização, que levam em consideração a forma e o tamanho do produto. A análise dos elementos individuais no processo de classificação ou reconhecimento inicial da espécie, atende aos requisitos de tempo e precisão. O Brasil apresenta um enorme potencial para desenvolver a produção de flores e plantas ornamentais para o mercado interno, bem como para os mercados internacionais. Atualmente a produção de flores proporciona uma renda próxima a EUA $ 1,3 bilhões / ano, reunindo mais de 500 produtores concentrados em uma área de 8500 hectares, gerando uma receita de U $ 35 milhões no ano de 2007. As flores do Brasil e estratégia de exportação de plantas ornamentais tem o objetivo de orientar e dirigir as potencialidades específicas de produção de flores para aproveitar as oportunidades comerciais oferecidas pelo mercado internacional, enfatizando a tecnologia pós-colheita. É possível expressar um produto de qualidade por meio de imagens digitais. Programas de computador geram satisfatoriamente as análises necessárias para os padrões desejados, produzindo um processo rápido e eficiente. É esperado, que no futuro, o mercado brasileiro venha a adotar a classificação automática, reduzindo custos, melhorando a eficiência e a qualidade do produto oferecido ao consumidor.

  5. Costs of Rabies Control: An Economic Calculation Method Applied to Flores Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wera, Ewaldus; Velthuis, Annet G. J.; Geong, Maria; Hogeveen, Henk

    2013-01-01

    Background Rabies is a zoonotic disease that, in most human cases, is fatal once clinical signs appear. The disease transmits to humans through an animal bite. Dogs are the main vector of rabies in humans on Flores Island, Indonesia, resulting in about 19 human deaths each year. Currently, rabies control measures on Flores Island include mass vaccination and culling of dogs, laboratory diagnostics of suspected rabid dogs, putting imported dogs in quarantine, and pre- and post-exposure treatment (PET) of humans. The objective of this study was to estimate the costs of the applied rabies control measures on Flores Island. Methodology/principal findings A deterministic economic model was developed to calculate the costs of the rabies control measures and their individual cost components from 2000 to 2011. The inputs for the economic model were obtained from (i) relevant literature, (ii) available data on Flores Island, and (iii) experts such as responsible policy makers and veterinarians involved in rabies control measures in the past. As a result, the total costs of rabies control measures were estimated to be US$1.12 million (range: US$0.60–1.47 million) per year. The costs of culling roaming dogs were the highest portion, about 39 percent of the total costs, followed by PET (35 percent), mass vaccination (24 percent), pre-exposure treatment (1.4 percent), and others (1.3 percent) (dog-bite investigation, diagnostic of suspected rabid dogs, trace-back investigation of human contact with rabid dogs, and quarantine of imported dogs). Conclusions/significance This study demonstrates that rabies has a large economic impact on the government and dog owners. Control of rabies by culling dogs is relatively costly for the dog owners in comparison with other measures. Providing PET for humans is an effective way to prevent rabies, but is costly for government and does not provide a permanent solution to rabies in the future. PMID:24386244

  6. Activité antifongique de quelques plantes de la flore ivoirienne | Tra ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Six espèces de plantes de la flore ivoirienne ont été utilisées pour la recherche de leur activité antifongique. Ce sont : Borreria latifolia, Borreria verticillata, Erigeron floribundus, Euphorbia hirta, Turraea heterophylla et Vernonia colorata. Les extraits dichlorométhane, méthanolique et aqueux, réalisés à partir des poudres ...

  7. Homo floresiensis-like fossils from the early Middle Pleistocene of Flores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Bergh, Gerrit D; Kaifu, Yousuke; Kurniawan, Iwan; Kono, Reiko T; Brumm, Adam; Setiyabudi, Erick; Aziz, Fachroel; Morwood, Michael J

    2016-06-09

    The evolutionary origin of Homo floresiensis, a diminutive hominin species previously known only by skeletal remains from Liang Bua in western Flores, Indonesia, has been intensively debated. It is a matter of controversy whether this primitive form, dated to the Late Pleistocene, evolved from early Asian Homo erectus and represents a unique and striking case of evolutionary reversal in hominin body and brain size within an insular environment. The alternative hypothesis is that H. floresiensis derived from an older, smaller-brained member of our genus, such as Homo habilis, or perhaps even late Australopithecus, signalling a hitherto undocumented dispersal of hominins from Africa into eastern Asia by two million years ago (2 Ma). Here we describe hominin fossils excavated in 2014 from an early Middle Pleistocene site (Mata Menge) in the So'a Basin of central Flores. These specimens comprise a mandible fragment and six isolated teeth belonging to at least three small-jawed and small-toothed individuals. Dating to ~0.7 Ma, these fossils now constitute the oldest hominin remains from Flores. The Mata Menge mandible and teeth are similar in dimensions and morphological characteristics to those of H. floresiensis from Liang Bua. The exception is the mandibular first molar, which retains a more primitive condition. Notably, the Mata Menge mandible and molar are even smaller in size than those of the two existing H. floresiensis individuals from Liang Bua. The Mata Menge fossils are derived compared with Australopithecus and H. habilis, and so tend to support the view that H. floresiensis is a dwarfed descendent of early Asian H. erectus. Our findings suggest that hominins on Flores had acquired extremely small body size and other morphological traits specific to H. floresiensis at an unexpectedly early time.

  8. Why do they (still) sing stories? Singing narratives in Tanjung Bunga (eastern Flores, Lamaholot, Indonesia)

    OpenAIRE

    Dana Rappoport

    2016-01-01

    In eastern Flores, on the Tanjung Bunga peninsula (among Western Lamaholot speakers), several times a year, ritual narratives (opak) are performed on a square dancing area, where all the clans of the same ceremonial land meet. Three types of narrative are sung, according to three kinds of rituals. The article explains the context, content and performance details of these stories, performed all night long. Why do the various clans continue to sing all these narrative? What values do these long...

  9. Inventaire de la flore adventice en culture d\\'ananas ( Ananas ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dans le but de caractériser la flore adventice et d'identifier les plus nuisibles aux cultures d'ananas, 268 relevés ont été effectués en plantations villageoises et industrielles dans la localité de Bonoua (Sud-Est de la Côte d'Ivoire). L'inventaire a permis d'identifier 209 espèces d'adventices appartenant à 59 familles.

  10. Infeksi Ganda Leptospira dan Hantavirus pada Rattus norvegicus di Maumere Flores, Nusa Tenggara Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arief Mulyono

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kasus leptospirosis dan infeksi Hantavirus dilaporkan mengalami peningkatan berkaitan dengan adanya pemanasan global.  Rattus norvegicus merupakan reservoir dari dua penyakit tersebut. Adanya infeksi ganda Leptospira dan Hantavirus pada R. norvegicus merupakan faktor resiko terjadinya penularan Leptospira dan Hantavirus di populasi manusia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui prevalensi infeksi ganda Leptospira dan Hantavirus pada R. norvegicus di Kota Maumere, Flores. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif dengan desain potong lintang. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Agustus sampai November 2014 di daerah perimeter dan buffer pelabuhan Maumere, Flores. Populasi penelitian adalah R. norvegicus di Kota Maumere, Flores. Subyek penelitian adalah R. norvegicus yang tertangkap. Deteksi Leptospira pada R. norvegicus dengan teknik PCR menggunakan primer spesifik untuk gen 16S rRNA dan deteksi Hantavirus pada R. norvegicus dengan teknik nested-PCR menggunakan primer spesifik untuk segmen L. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan R. norvegicus yang tertangkap sejumlah 114 ekor. Prevalensi Leptospira pada R. norvegicus 4,3%, prevalensi Hantavirus 22,8% dan infeksi ganda Leptospira dan Hantavirus sebesar 1,8%.  Penularan leptospirosis dan infeksi Hantavirus berpotensi terjadinya di Kota Maumere. Kata kunci:  leptospirosis, Leptospira, Hantavirus, Maumere ABSTRACT Infection of Leptospirosis and Hantavirus are increased which related to global warming. Rattus norvegicus is reservoirs of both of diseases infections. Dual infection of Leptospira and Hantavirus in R. norvegicus become risk factor of Leptospira and Hantavirus infection in the human. The objective of this study is to figure out the prevalence of Dual infection in R. norvegicus. This study was descriptive research with cross-sectional design. The population of study was R. norvegicus in Maumere City, Flores. The rats  (n=114 were

  11. Exportação de flores e plantas ornamentais pelo estado de Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto Correa Landgraf

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O sistema de comercialização de flores no Brasil é dinâmico, principalmente considerando a grande demanda de importações de insumos básicos para a atividade, na qual o País é fortemente dependente das aquisições de material genético, oriundo, principalmente, da Holanda. No entanto, pouco se conhece sobre características da comercialização para o mercado exportador da produção mineira de flores e plantas ornamentais. Com o objetivo de avaliar aspectos da exportação de flores e plantas ornamentais de Minas Gerais, foi realizado um trabalho, em todo o Estado, junto a produtores de plantas ornamentais, flores de corte, vasos, bulbos, palmeiras e mudas arbóreas. O trabalho foi realizado no período de 2003 a 2005, e as entrevistas foram feitas in loco, durante as visitas a todos os municípios, sendo identificado um total de 427 produtores. Nas entrevistas, perguntou-se sobre o local de comercialização, Brasil e ou exterior, quando a comercialização era feita para o mercado externo, foram identificados os países de destino e a quantidade e valor monetário exportado. Apenas três regiões promovem exportação dos seus produtos, destacando-se as rosas de Barbacena, sempre-vivas em Diamantina, na região Central; a produção de Cymbidium em vaso e corte, em Senador Amaral, na região Sul; e a produção de bulbos de lírios, em Tapira, na região Alto Paranaíba. Conclui-se que os principais produtos de floricultura exportados pelo estado de Minas Gerais são rosas de corte, orquídeas de corte, sempre-vivas e bulbos de lírio, sendo os principais destinos Portugal, Estados Unidos, Holanda e Japão. Palavras-chave: comercialização de flores, floricultura, mercado exportador.

  12. Uptake of Rabies Control Measures by Dog Owners in Flores Island, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wera, Ewaldus; Mourits, Monique C. M.; Hogeveen, Henk

    2015-01-01

    Background Rabies has been a serious public health threat in Flores Island, Indonesia since it was introduced in 1997. To control the disease, annual dog vaccination campaigns have been implemented to vaccinate all dogs free of charge. Nevertheless, the uptake rate of the vaccination campaigns has been low. The objective of this paper is to identify risk factors associated with the uptake of rabies control measures by individual dog owners in Flores Island. Methodology/principal findings A total of 450 dog owners from 44 randomly selected villages in the Sikka and Manggarai regencies were interviewed regarding their socio-demographic factors, knowledge of rabies, and their uptake of rabies control measures. The majority of dog owners surveyed (>90%) knew that rabies is a fatal disease and that it can be prevented. Moreover, 68% of the dog owners had a high level of knowledge about available rabies control measures. Fifty-two percent of the dog owners had had at least one of their dogs vaccinated during the 2012 vaccination campaign. Vaccination uptake was significantly higher for dog owners who resided in Sikka, kept female dogs for breeding, had an income of more than one million Rupiah, and had easy access to their village. The most important reasons not to join the vaccination campaign were lack of information about the vaccination campaign schedule (40%) and difficulty to catch the dog during the vaccination campaign (37%). Conclusions/significance Dog owners in Flores Island had a high level of knowledge of rabies and its control, but this was not associated with uptake of the 2012 vaccination campaign. Geographical accessibility was one of the important factors influencing the vaccination uptake among dog owners. Targeted distribution of information on vaccination schedules and methods to catch and restrain dogs in those villages with poor accessibility may increase vaccination uptake in the future. PMID:25782019

  13. Uptake of rabies control measures by dog owners in Flores Island, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wera, Ewaldus; Mourits, Monique C M; Hogeveen, Henk

    2015-03-01

    Rabies has been a serious public health threat in Flores Island, Indonesia since it was introduced in 1997. To control the disease, annual dog vaccination campaigns have been implemented to vaccinate all dogs free of charge. Nevertheless, the uptake rate of the vaccination campaigns has been low. The objective of this paper is to identify risk factors associated with the uptake of rabies control measures by individual dog owners in Flores Island. A total of 450 dog owners from 44 randomly selected villages in the Sikka and Manggarai regencies were interviewed regarding their socio-demographic factors, knowledge of rabies, and their uptake of rabies control measures. The majority of dog owners surveyed (>90%) knew that rabies is a fatal disease and that it can be prevented. Moreover, 68% of the dog owners had a high level of knowledge about available rabies control measures. Fifty-two percent of the dog owners had had at least one of their dogs vaccinated during the 2012 vaccination campaign. Vaccination uptake was significantly higher for dog owners who resided in Sikka, kept female dogs for breeding, had an income of more than one million Rupiah, and had easy access to their village. The most important reasons not to join the vaccination campaign were lack of information about the vaccination campaign schedule (40%) and difficulty to catch the dog during the vaccination campaign (37%). Dog owners in Flores Island had a high level of knowledge of rabies and its control, but this was not associated with uptake of the 2012 vaccination campaign. Geographical accessibility was one of the important factors influencing the vaccination uptake among dog owners. Targeted distribution of information on vaccination schedules and methods to catch and restrain dogs in those villages with poor accessibility may increase vaccination uptake in the future.

  14. Age and context of the oldest known hominin fossils from Flores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brumm, Adam; van den Bergh, Gerrit D.; Storey, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Recent excavations at the early Middle Pleistocene site of Mata Menge in the So'a Basin of central Flores, Indonesia, have yielded hominin fossils attributed to a population ancestral to Late Pleistocene Homo floresiensis. Here we describe the age and context of the Mata Menge hominin specimens...... current deposits, in combination with coupled uranium-series and electron spin resonance dating of fossil teeth. Palaeoenvironmental data indicate a relatively dry climate in the So'a Basin during the early Middle Pleistocene, while various lines of evidence suggest the hominins inhabited a savannah...

  15. A small skull from Flores dated to the 20th century

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villa, Chiara; Persson, Liselott; Alexandersen, Verner

    2012-01-01

    A human skull with mandible from the Ngada District on the island of Flores, Indonesia, is described in order to contribute to the knowledge of variation in cranial architecture, which is important in interpretations of evolutionary cerebralisation. The skull was excavated in 1924 and sent...... from the middle or upper Palaeolithics. The metric cranial data analysed in FORDISC, characterize the skull as a male Vietnamese rather than a Chinese or White individual. Tooth morphology shows the sundadont pattern and tooth size corresponds to that of teeth from Bali, Java and Malayan Orang Asli...

  16. La flore microbienne et les propriétés fonctionnelles des yaourts et ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cette revue fait le point de l'intérêt dans l'alimentation humaine des yaourts et des laits fermentés par l'étude des caractéristiques de leur flore microbienne et propriétés fonctionnelles. Dans cette revue sont développés les généralités sur les laits fermentés et les différents microorganismes impliqués, les rôles bénéfiques ...

  17. Entomofauna asociada a flores de berenjena y su papel en la producción de los frutos

    OpenAIRE

    Julianne MILLÉO; Thatyla L. B. FARAGO; Jana M. T. de SOUZA; Ivana de F. BARBOLA; Jonathan P. CASTRO

    2011-01-01

    El papel de los insectos polinizadores despierta interés, principalmente, en la reproducción de plantas tales como la berenjena. Este trabajo de recolección de la entomofauna asociada a las flores de Solanum melongena tuvo como objetivos identificar posibles agentes polinizadores locales y analizar el beneficio de los insectos antófilos a esta planta. Las observaciones y la colecta de los insectos visitantes de las flores fueron realizadas en febrero de 2008, entre las 7:00 y 17:15 horas, cad...

  18. El progresismo ecuatoriano en el siglo XIX. La reforma del presidente Antonio Flores (1888-1892

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mar\\u00EDa Cristina C\\u00E1rdenas Reyes

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La corriente política denominada progresismo en el siglo XIX ecuatoriano, una suerte de “tercera vía” distante de liberales y conservadores, se origina a mediados de siglo como proyecto republicano opuesto al autocratismo de Gabriel García Moreno. Luego del asesinato del mandatario, obtiene a fines de siglo un amplio reconocimiento en la esfera pública, movilizando un ideario reformador en que la categoría de progreso aparece como ideología, proceso y finalidad social. Alcanza su punto culminante con la presidencia de Antonio Flores en 1888, un católico liberal de formación europea apoyado desde Roma por el papa León XIII. Las reformas secularizantes de Flores originan su rechazo frontal por los depositarios del legado garciano, encabezados por la Iglesia ecuatoriana, y no llegan a concretarse en transformaciones institucionalizadas. La revolución liberal de 1895 en el país será en buena medida deudora de los avances impulsados por la corriente progresista

  19. De culpable a perseguido: Baudelaire y el proceso de Las Flores del Mal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Zapata

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available ¿Cómo el poeta de Las Flores del Mal pasó de ser un escritor proscrito, y en consecuencia sospechoso, al autor perseguido e incomprendido que ha inmortalizado la historia literaria? ¿Cómo Baudelaire pudo desviar a su favor una circunstancia que, a primera  vista, era desafortunada? Baudelaire supo utilizar el escándalo que provocó la publicación de Las Flores del Mal para promover su figura pública. Un análisis de las posturas discursivas desplegadas por Baudelaire antes, durante y después del proceso nos permitirá comprender mejor la inversión que el poeta hace de su condenación, al transformar la sanción penal y moral, así como la exclusión a la que esta conduce, en un signo de su grandeza y de su gloria póstuma.

  20. Two New Species of Simulium (Gomphostilbia) (Diptera: Simuliidae) From Flores, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takaoka, Hiroyuki; Sofian-Azirun, Mohd; Chen, Chee Dhang; Lau, Koon Weng; Halim, Muhammad Rasul Abdullah; Low, Van Lun; Ya'cob, Zubaidah; Abdullah, Nurul Ashikin; Suana, I Wayan

    2017-05-01

    Two new species, Simulium (Gomphostilbia) sunapii and S. (G.) rangatense, are described based on adults, pupae, and mature larvae from Flores, in the eastern part of the Sunda Archipelago, Indonesia. Simulium (G.) sunapii sp. nov. is placed in the S. asakoae species-group, representing the easternmost geographical record for the group in this archipelago. It is characterized by a small number of male upper-eye large facets in eight or nine vertical columns and 12 horizontal rows. Simulium (G.) rangatense sp. nov. is placed in the S. ceylonicum species-group and is characterized by the pupal gill with six filaments. This new species, together with two related species of the S. ceylonicum species-group in Flores, suggests the species radiation of this species-group might have been accompanied by a reduction of the number of pupal gill filaments from eight to four through six. Taxonomic notes are provided to distinguish these two new species from related species. © The Authors 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com Version of Record, first published online December 14, 2016 with fixed content and layout in compliance with Art. 8.1.3.2 ICZN.

  1. Are the small human-like fossils found on Flores human endemic cretins?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obendorf, Peter J; Oxnard, Charles E; Kefford, Ben J

    2008-06-07

    Fossils from Liang Bua (LB) on Flores, Indonesia, including a nearly complete skeleton (LB1) dated to 18kyr BP, were assigned to a new species, Homo floresiensis. We hypothesize that these individuals are myxoedematous endemic (ME) cretins, part of an inland population of (mostly unaffected) Homo sapiens. ME cretins are born without a functioning thyroid; their congenital hypothyroidism leads to severe dwarfism and reduced brain size, but less severe mental retardation and motor disability than neurological endemic cretins. We show that the fossils display many signs of congenital hypothyroidism, including enlarged pituitary fossa, and that distinctive primitive features of LB1 such as the double rooted lower premolar and the primitive wrist morphology are consistent with the hypothesis. We find that the null hypothesis (that LB1 is not a cretin) is rejected by the pituitary fossa size of LB1, and by multivariate analyses of cranial measures. We show that critical environmental factors were potentially present on Flores, how remains of cretins but not of unaffected individuals could be preserved in caves, and that extant oral traditions may provide a record of cretinism.

  2. A small skull from Flores dated to the 20th century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villa, C; Persson, L; Alexandersen, V; Lynnerup, N

    2012-02-01

    A human skull with mandible from the Ngada District on the island of Flores, Indonesia, is described in order to contribute to the knowledge of variation in cranial architecture, which is important in interpretations of evolutionary cerebralisation. The skull was excavated in 1924 and sent to the National Museum in Copenhagen. The "Copenhagen Flores" (CF) male skull is radiocarbon-dated and of modern age. The cranium is small, but larger than e.g. Liang Bua skull (LB1) in every measurement. The (CT-scan based) cranial capacity of 1258 ml is normal for modern humans, but somewhat lower than values from the middle or upper Palaeolithics. The metric cranial data analysed in FORDISC, characterize the skull as a male Vietnamese rather than a Chinese or White individual. Tooth morphology shows the sundadont pattern and tooth size corresponds to that of teeth from Bali, Java and Malayan Orang Asli. Remarkable are the marked asymmetries in the dentition with rotation of an upper premolar and congenital absence of a third molar. In these respects the CF skull is similar to dentitions belonging to the pygmoid villagers of Rampasasa, a village not far from the Liang Bua cave, and to LB1. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  3. Aplicabilidade do termo antocrono para representar a velocidade de abertura de flores em inflorescência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Teixeira Schwab

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi propor um termo para representar o intervalo de tempo de abertura entre flores sucessivas em inflorescências, e verificar a aplicabilidade deste termo a gladíolo de corte. O termo foi construído pela junção dos radicais gregos anto- (antos = flor e crono- (cronos = tempo, para corresponder ao tempo necessário para a abertura de flores sucessivas em ramos florais (inflorescências, tendo-se como unidade o tempo por flor. Para testar o conceito e a aplicabilidade do termo, dados do número acumulado de floretes abertos em espigas de gladíolo foram coletados em dois experimentos de campo, em Santa Maria, RS, de agosto de 2011 a novembro de 2013. Para cada parcela de seis plantas, realizou-se uma regressão linear simples entre o número acumulado de floretes abertos na haste floral e os dias após a emergência das plantas. O termo foi denominado "antocrono" e, em gladíolo, foi estimado como sendo o inverso do coeficiente angular da regressão linear, com a unidade dias por florete. O antocrono em gladíolo depende da cultivar e decresce com o aumento da temperatura do ar, durante o período de florescimento da espiga.

  4. UMA “VIAGEM” AO MUNDO DOS ERP INSPIRADA EM WINOGRAD E FLORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilson Ludmer

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Enterprise Resource Planning systems constitute a phenomenon of relevant dimension in the current business world and have been provoking radical changes in the market and in the administration ofinformation technology. This article analyses problems, limitations and new perspectives of the implementation of ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning in the organizations, through a parallel between selected ideas of Winograd and Flores’ classical work Understanding Computers and Cognition: a new foundation for design (1986, and the criticisms recently arisen to the implementation of these technologies. Criticisms and Winograd & Flores ideas are grouped in major themes. Central concerns are: the meaning of knowledge, as associated to ERP; the conditions to changes be made in a compatible way within its context; the problems of integration of ERP to cultural universe, processes and actions of the organizations. These concerns guided largely the choice of Winograd and Flores as reference for this essay. Almost 20 years after its publication, this work stays as influential exemple of how to recognize, in technological subjects, opportunities for the understanding of fundamental human and social processes

  5. Consideraciones sobre Botrytis cinerea pers., agente causal de la pudrición de las flores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garcés de Granada Emira

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available El "moho gris" de las flores, ocasionado por el hongo
    Botrytis cinerea Pers., es una enfermedad de la cual
    se desconocen muchos aspectos fundamentales. Sin embargo y a pesar de esta carencia de conocimientos, frecuentemente se aplican fungicidas que, muchas veces, no resultan efectivos para el control adecuado de la enfermedad e, incluso, se exagera en uso, lo cual significa un aumento de costos y un efecto en el ambiente. Esta enfermedad es muy común en muchas flores de exportación, como rosa, clavel, crisantemo, estatice y gypsophila. Staby y Naegele (1985 opinan que las plantas pueden ser atacadas en el campo, en el transporte o en el almacenamiento. La penetración del patógeno se realiza directamente a través de heridas causadas por insectos o por medios mecánicos. En condiciones muy favorables, el hongo puede penetrar
    directamente en sus hospedantes a través de la cutícula, mediante la producción de enzimas que degradan los componentes de ésta.

  6. Review of Winograd and Flores'"Understanding Computers and Cognition": A Favorable Interpretation. ONR Technical Report #21.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clancey, William J.

    Artificial Intelligence researchers and cognitive scientists commonly believe that thinking involves manipulating representations. Thinking involves search, inference, and making choices. This is how we model reasoning and what goes on in the brain is similar. Winograd and Flores present a radically different view, claiming that our knowledge is…

  7. Perda de massa de flores de capuchinha após armazenamento Loss of nasturtium flower mass after storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréia Sangalli

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se a perda de massa pós-colheita de flores de capuchinha, em experimento conduzido no Laboratório de Bioquímica da UFMS, em setembro de 2004. Flores das cores vermelha e amarela foram imersas durante trinta minutos em água, ácido ascórbico a 2% e 4%, cloreto de cálcio a 2% e 5% e sacarose a 5% e 10%, e armazenadas com e sem o uso de filme de PVC em câmara fria a 5ºC±2ºC. Foi analisada a perda de massa fresca, utilizando-se o delineamento inteiramente casualizado em fatorial 2 x 2 x 7, com três repetições (8 flores por bandeja e as médias comparadas pelo teste de Tukey, a 5% de significância. A longevidade média das flores de capuchinha foi de oito dias para as flores acondicionadas na embalagem de PVC e armazenadas em câmara fria, enquanto as flores não acondicionadas apresentaram-se murchas a partir do segundo dia. Os tratamentos químicos, nas concentrações estudadas, não beneficiaram a conservação pós-colheita das flores da capuchinha.The post-harvest behavior of nasturtium flowers was evaluated using sucrose, ascorbic acid and calcium chloride which were associated or not with polyethylene pack and stored under refrigeration. This work was carried out in a biochemical laboratory, in Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Red and yellow flowers were immersed during thirty minutes in water, ascorbic acid at 2% and 4%, calcium chloride at 2% and 5% and sucrose at 5% and 10%, and then stored with and without package in a refrigerated chamber at 5°C ±2°C. The trial was carried out in a complete randomized experimental design in a 2 x 2 x 7 factorial scheme with three replications (8 flowers/tray. Nasturtium flowers stored with package in refrigerated chamber last for eight days, while flowers kept at environmental conditions withered after the second day. Treatments with ascorbic acid, calcium chloride and sucrose did not benefit post-harvest conservation of nasturtium flowers.

  8. Cost-Effectiveness of Mass Dog Vaccination Campaigns against Rabies in Flores Island, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wera, E; Mourits, M C M; Siko, M M; Hogeveen, H

    2017-12-01

    A dynamic deterministic simulation model was developed to determine the cost-effectiveness of different mass dog vaccination strategies against rabies in a dog population representative of a typical village on Flores Island. Cost-effectiveness was measured as public cost per averted dog-rabies case. Simulations started with the introduction of one infectious dog into a susceptible dog population of 399 dogs and subsequently ran for a period of 10 years. The base scenario represented a situation without any control intervention. Evaluated vaccination strategies were as follows: annual vaccination campaigns with short-acting vaccine (immunity duration of 52 weeks) (AV_52), annual campaigns with long-acting vaccine (immunity duration of 156 weeks) (AV_156), biannual campaigns with short-acting vaccine (BV_52) and once-in-2-years campaigns with long-acting vaccine (O2V_156). The effectiveness of the vaccination strategies was simulated for vaccination coverages of 50% and 70%. Cumulative results were reported for the 10-year simulation period. The base scenario resulted in three epidemic waves, with a total of 1274 dog-rabies cases. The public cost of applying AV_52 at a coverage of 50% was US$5342 for a village. This strategy was unfavourable compared to other strategies, as it was costly and ineffective in controlling the epidemic. The costs of AV_52 at a coverage of 70% and AV_156 at a coverage of 70% were, respectively, US$3646 and US$3716, equivalent to US$3.00 and US$3.17 per averted dog-rabies case. Increasing the coverage of AV_156 from 50% to 70% reduced the number of cases by 7% and reduced the cost by US$1452, resulting in a cost-effectiveness ratio of US$1.81 per averted dog-rabies case. This simulation model provides an effective tool to explore the public cost-effectiveness of mass dog vaccination strategies in Flores Island. Insights obtained from the simulation results are useful for animal health authorities to support decision-making in rabies

  9. Melhoramento genético da mamona visando incremento de flores femininas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Bertozzo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi testar métodos de seleção visando ao aumento de flores femininas na população FCA-UNESP-PB de mamona (Ricinus communis L.. A seleção foi realizada no município de Botucatu (SP, na safrinha de 2007. Por meio de seleção massal, foram selecionadas plantas com racemo primário estritamente feminino. Destas plantas, as que tinham reversão sexual foram autofecundadas. As avaliações foram realizadas na safrinha de 2008 em Botucatu e São Manuel (SP, onde foram comparados os tratamentos: método de seleção massal; método de seleção massal com autofecundação e testemunha (racemos de plantas colhidos ao acaso, sem seleção. Foram avaliados: porcentagem de flores femininas do racemo primário (%, produtividade de grãos (kg ha-1 e teor de óleo das sementes (%. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o de blocos casualizados com 30 repetições. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância individual para cada local e conjuntamente para os dois locais, pelo teste F a 1% de probabilidade. Mediante os resultados conclui- se que o método de seleção massal com autofecundação foi aquele que proporcionou maiores valores de porcentagem de flores femininas no racemo primário, com ganho fenotípico realizado de 18% em Botucatu e 29% em São Manuel (SP. Por meio dos métodos de seleção, notou-se comportamento diferencial em relação aos locais para a característica produtividade de grãos, e o método seleção massal com autofecundação proporcionou a menor produtividade. No teor de óleo não houve diferenças significativas entre os métodos e os locais avaliados.

  10. Entomofauna asociada a flores de berenjena y su papel en la producción de los frutos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julianne MILLÉO

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El papel de los insectos polinizadores despierta interés, principalmente, en la reproducción de plantas tales como la berenjena. Este trabajo de recolección de la entomofauna asociada a las flores de Solanum melongena tuvo como objetivos identificar posibles agentes polinizadores locales y analizar el beneficio de los insectos antófilos a esta planta. Las observaciones y la colecta de los insectos visitantes de las flores fueron realizadas en febrero de 2008, entre las 7:00 y 17:15 horas, cada 45 minutos y en un área de 27 m2. El experimento para el análisis y la comparación entre autofecundación espontánea y polinización por medio de agentes bióticos fue realizado en el mismo sitio, de febrero a marzo de 2009. Fueron colectados 631 insectos que visitaban las flores de berenjena, se destacaron los coleópteros de los géneros Colaspis Fabricius, Astylus Laporte, Harmonia Mulsant, Epitrix Foudras y Diabrotica Chevrolat; y los himenópteros del género Bombus Latreille. El pico de visitación en Solanum melongena ocurrió entre las 9:00 y 11:00 horas y corresponde al 36% del muestreo. De las flores sometidas al test de autofecundación espontánea, el 39% formaron frutos, mientras que apenas el 11% de las flores emasculadas y expuestas al proceso de acción por medio de agentes bióticos fructificaron.

  11. Ritual and reflexes of lost sovereignty in Sikka, a regency of Flores in eastern Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.D. Lewis

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1993 some among the Sikkanese population of the town of Maumere on the north coast of Flores in eastern Indonesia attended a ritual to reconcile the members of two branches of the family of the rajas of Sikka, a dynasty that had once ruled the district. The two branches had fallen out over differences in opinion about the last succession to the office of raja a few years before the end of the rajadom in the late 1950s. A description of the ritual, which was conducted in an urban rather than a village setting, and an analysis of the performance demonstrate much about the persistence of elements of the old Sikkanese religion in modern Sikkanese society. The contemporary Sikkanese are Christians and the regency of Sikka is part of the modern Indonesian nation-state.

  12. Mary as Mother in the Flores de Mayo in Poblacion, Oslob

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Marion Y. Lopez

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper reflects on the meanings of the Flores de Mayo ritual as performed in a town on the southeastern coast of Cebu through the examination of Mary as a “semantically open” symbol. The essay illustrates how ideas about Mary are constructed through the discourse of the Church and are in turn, reinforced through a Church-instituted and regulated ritual. An analysis of selected elements of the ritual however, reveals that the symbol of Mary has the potential to hold “other” kinds of meanings that slip in between “official” and “unofficial” discourses, highlighting how Mary continues to be a negotiated field between church authorities and the popular faithful.

  13. Lo andino en los murales de Jesús Flores Walpaq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Leandro Arce De Piero

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo exploramos los modos en que lo andino se construye en la producción muralística del artista plástico Jesús Flores Walpq. Nos enfocamos en la definición de rasgos que configuran el centro representacional de lo andino y el proceso de deslizamientos semánticos y retóricos en la enunciación. A medida que el artista fue construyéndose como enunciador autorizado, la construcción del relato en el mural fue variando considerablemente. Si bien no se registran diferencias radicales en el empleo del color, la forma, la línea, etc. sí es significativa la variación en cuanto a la retórica que incorpora al indio en el discurso pictórico. El recorrido parte de la observación de los cambios en la construcción del yo-artista, que parte de la problematización del rol de productor de arte académico hasta plantear rol de “obrero del arte” comprometido con su contexto político, ideológico y artístico. Esto significó para Flores Walpaq adherir a las luchas reivindicatorias por los derechos indígenas. En conjunto, este texto nos lleva a problematizar sobre las condiciones de producción de la pregunta por la identidad en este contexto y las respuestas que los sujetos ensayan y modifican.

  14. Danko Brncic and the flower-flies Danko Brncic y las moscas de las flores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HAMPTON L. CARSON

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available This is a personal essay commemorating Brncic as a keen naturalist/evolutionist in the best Darwinian sense. His innate curiosity, so important in a scientist, led him to the discovery of cenain unique drosophilid flies in Chile. The life cycle of one species of flower-fly (Drosophila flavopilosa is of special interest. Females oviposit in fresh flowers of a solanaceous plant that is widespread in Chilean valleys. Twenty years of combined ecological and genetic work, carried out on this species, pioneers the use of a highly specialized Drosophila species in the study of population genetics and evolution. Many eco-genetic features are revealed that are important supplements to observations made on the widely-studied generalist species of the genusEs este un ensayo de naturaleza personal, celebrando a Danko Brncic como un natualista y evolucionista de la mejor calidad en la verdadera tradición darwiniana. Su curiosidad inata tan importante para el científico, lo Ilevó a descubrir algunos drosofilideos chilenos con propiedades únicas. Especial interés tiene el ciclo vital de Drosophila flavopilosa, especie adaptada a flores: la hembra deposita sus huevos en las flores de una solanacea ampliamente distribuida en los valles de Chile. Veinte años de investigación geno-ecológica sobre esta especie resultaron en datos pioneros, con el uso de especies altamente especializadas para aclarar cuestiones generales de genética y evolución de poblaciones. Muchos hechos importantes fueron revelados, distintos de aquellos observados en las especies generalistas y ampliamente distribuidas

  15. Genómica Funcional de Plantas: Estudio del Desarrollo de Flores y Frutos Genómica Funcional de Plantas: Estudio del Desarrollo de Flores y Frutos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavio Rubén Salazar Moya

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La última fase del desarrollo floral es la fertilización de los óvulos y la formación de los frutos,que son muy importantes tanto biológica como económicamente. Notoriamente, más del 80% de los alimentos que son consumidos por el ser humano proviene de flores y frutos.La obtención de conocimientos acerca de las bases moleculares del desarrollo de frutos en especies modelo es de gran interés científico, y un paso indispensable para poder facilitar investigaciones y de ser factible, aplicaciones en frutos de consumo humano. Especialmente en un país como México, con tal riqueza en la diversidad de frutos, este tipo de estudios es necesario y científicamente muy interesante, y tiene repercusiones económicas potenciales importantes. La meta del laboratorio es descubrir genes nuevos involucrados en el desarrollo de frutos, empleando los recursos que brindan plantas modelo como Arabidopsisthaliana. Se hace un enfoque especial en genes que afectan la identidad celular, morfología y que causan partenocarpia (frutos carentes de semillas, para más tarde estudiarlos enotras especies y hacer ensayos para conocer sus alcances en dichas especies.The last stages of fl oral development are ovule fertilization and fruit formation. Fruits are very important both biologically and economically. Notably, more than 80% of human food is obtained from flowers and fruits. Gathering basic knowledge about the molecular mechanisms of fruit development from model species is of great scientific interest, and is an essential step to facilitate research and, when feasible, applications in fruits consumed by humans. Especially in countries like Mexico, which has such a great diversity of fruits, this kind of research is both necessary and scientifically interesting, and has potentially important economic repercussions. The goal of the lab is to discover new genes that are involved inflower development, making use of the resources provided by model plants like

  16. System Properties Determine Food Security and Biodiversity Outcomes at Landscape Scale: A Case Study from West Flores, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Neil French Collier; Jeffrey Sayer; Agni Klintuni Boedhihartono; Jan Hanspach; Dave Abson; Joern Fischer

    2018-01-01

    The food-biodiversity nexus is a concept that defines and characterizes the complex interactions between agricultural systems and biodiversity conservation. Here we use a social-ecological systems approach that combines fuzzy cognitive mapping and graph theoretic analyses to uncover system properties that determine food security and biodiversity outcomes at a landscape scale. We studied a rice-based agricultural landscape system situated in Mbeliling district of West Flores, Indonesia. A grap...

  17. Impact des jachères sur la flore adventice au Nord de la Côte d\\'Ivoire

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les familles les plus représentées dans la flore adventice sont les Poaceae (30 % des espèces) et les Asteraceae (14 %). La régénération d\\'espèces arborescentes est plus abondante dans les jachères artificielles. Inversement, les espèces adventices sont numériquement plus importantes dans les jachères naturelles (76 ...

  18. impact des jacheres sur la flore adventice au nord de la côte d'ivoire

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    Les familles les plus représentées dans la flore adventice sont les Poaceae (30 % des espèces) et les Asteraceae (14 %). La régénération d'espèces arborescentes est plus abondante dans les jachères artificielles. Inversement, les espèces adventices sont numériquement plus importantes dans les jachères naturelles (76 ...

  19. Analyse de la flore, de la végétation ligneuse et des fonctions des ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Analyse de la flore, de la végétation ligneuse et des fonctions des vallées en zone péri-urbaine post-conflit (Ziguinchor, Sénégal) ... Cette doléance des populations, associée aux risques d'inondations des dépressions devraient amener les autorités municipales à promouvoir la sécurité alimentaire dans cette zone ...

  20. ASPECTOS DA PRODUÇÃO E CONSUMO DE FLORES E PLANTAS ORNAMENTAIS NO BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AUGUSTO AKI

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem por objetivo uma análise sobre a constituição do mercado de flores e plantas ornamentais no Brasil, aspectos de marketing envolvidos nessa evolução e a sistematização de informações sobre produção e consumo. Inicialmente, é apresentada a evolução desse mercado, elaborada a partir de estudos de técnicos e consultores da área. Segue-se a apresentação de dados e informações de estudos e pesquisas elaborados sobre a evolução da produção. A maioria das informações apresentada consta da pesquisa de campo “Prospecção de Produtos e Mercados: Cadeia Produtiva Nacional”, levada a efeito pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Floricultura (IBRAFLOR com o apoio da Agência de Promoção de Exportações (APEX, e publicada no início de 2003. Com base na estruturação do mercado, produção e consumo, são sugeridas ações visando à maior eficiência da cadeia.

  1. Flores, Fernández y Oliva: tres azulejeros para las obras reales de Felipe II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pleguezuelo, Alfonso

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Que las obras de arquitectura promocionadas por Felipe II eran acabadas frecuentemente con revestimientos de azulejos es una idea conocida desde hace tiempo. El ejemplo más frecuentemente aducido es el de los aposentos del mismo rey en el Monasterio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial aunque podrían ser citados muchos más casos conservados y otros conocidos a través de la documentación. Este rasgo de la arquitectura filipina y el personal interés del rey por el asunto debió ser un importante acicate para el desarrollo de la azulejería española en la segunda mitad del siglo XVI. Tres artistas han sido citados desde hace años como autores de los azulejos para Felipe II. Por un lado, el flamenco Juan Flores, del que tan sólo se tenían unas pocas noticias literarias sobre su vida y su obra y que recientemente he tenido la oportunidad de revisar a luz de nuevos documentos y obras.…

  2. Identifikasi longsoran bawah laut berdasarkan penafsiran seismik pantul di perairan Flores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kris Budiono

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no1.20092Submarine sliding frequently cause tsunami or a high velocity big wave around the submarine slid- ing area which enable to reach a long distance. This sliding is not always as a causal factor for hazard and even associate with storm and earthquake. Some of them occur in a narrow area and it’s just formed due to gravitational movement. Different with mechanism of landslide, which is commonly due to water saturated soil, the submarine sliding is a more complex event. The submarine sliding is an important natural process which causes a big volume of sediment mass moves from a shallow area to a much deeper area of seafloor. There are many types and causal factors of seafloor instability, but the sliding terminology is predominantly used for the phenomena. A variety of seafloor materials, environments and sediment masses are some extreme influential factors in creat- ing the types of submarine sliding. The reflector of seismics is usefull to interpret the indications of the occurrence of geological structure and sub-marine slumping In case of the Flores Sea, earthquake is a major causal factor for creating submarine sliding. The bigger magnitude of earthquake, the greater the dimension of submarine sliding. Eventually, it may affect to the more possible occurrence of a potential hazardous tsunami.  

  3. Characteristic of geothermal fluid at East Manggarai, Flores, East Nusa Tenggara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iqbal, Mochamad; Herdianita, Niniek Rina; Risdianto, Dikdik

    2016-09-01

    The research area is located in East Manggarai and its surrounding area, Flores. In the study area there are two geothermal systems, i.e. Mapos geothermal system which is associated with Anak Ranakah volcano and Rana Masak geothermal systems which is associated with Watuweri volcano. The difference within these systems is shown by the relative content of conservative elements of Cl, Li and B. Geothermal surface manifestations in Mapos include 4 hot springs having temperatures of 34,3-51,4°C and bicarbonate and sulphate-bicarbonate waters; the discharge area in Rana Masak consist of 3 hot springs with temperatures of 38-46,6°C and chloride and chloride-bicarbonate water. Stable isotopes δ18O and δD analyses showed that the geothermal fluid derived from meteoric water. The Mapos geothermal system is a high temperature system having reservoir temperature of 250-270°C with natural heat loss of 230 kW. The Rana Masak geothermal system is a low temperature system having reservoir temperature of 120-140°C with natural heat loss of 120 kW.

  4. Age and context of the oldest known hominin fossils from Flores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brumm, Adam; van den Bergh, Gerrit D; Storey, Michael; Kurniawan, Iwan; Alloway, Brent V; Setiawan, Ruly; Setiyabudi, Erick; Grün, Rainer; Moore, Mark W; Yurnaldi, Dida; Puspaningrum, Mika R; Wibowo, Unggul P; Insani, Halmi; Sutisna, Indra; Westgate, John A; Pearce, Nick J G; Duval, Mathieu; Meijer, Hanneke J M; Aziz, Fachroel; Sutikna, Thomas; van der Kaars, Sander; Flude, Stephanie; Morwood, Michael J

    2016-06-09

    Recent excavations at the early Middle Pleistocene site of Mata Menge in the So'a Basin of central Flores, Indonesia, have yielded hominin fossils attributed to a population ancestral to Late Pleistocene Homo floresiensis. Here we describe the age and context of the Mata Menge hominin specimens and associated archaeological findings. The fluvial sandstone layer from which the in situ fossils were excavated in 2014 was deposited in a small valley stream around 700 thousand years ago, as indicated by (40)Ar/(39)Ar and fission track dates on stratigraphically bracketing volcanic ash and pyroclastic density current deposits, in combination with coupled uranium-series and electron spin resonance dating of fossil teeth. Palaeoenvironmental data indicate a relatively dry climate in the So'a Basin during the early Middle Pleistocene, while various lines of evidence suggest the hominins inhabited a savannah-like open grassland habitat with a wetland component. The hominin fossils occur alongside the remains of an insular fauna and a simple stone technology that is markedly similar to that associated with Late Pleistocene H. floresiensis.

  5. Fractal Analysis on the Correlation of Coastal Line Geometry and Tsunami Impact in Maumere, Flores, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SARI BAHAGIARTI KUSUMAYUDHA

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Almost all of the Indonesian territories are high potential of geologic disaster, such as earthquake, tsunami, volcanic eruptions and landslides, because the country belongs to tectonically active areas of the world. There are three big lithosperic plates interacting one with one another and influencing the tectonic setting of Indonesia. The plates are Indo-Australia plate, Eurasia plate and Pacific plate. Indo-Australia plate moves relatively northward by about 9 cm/year, Eurasia plate creeps south eastward with approximately 7 cm/year speed, and Pacific plate moves to the west with around 11 cm/year velocity. In the meeting line of the plates, about 300 km to the south of Indonesian islands, there is the subduction zone that become places, where earthquake focuses are generated. Earthquakes from submarine source with more than 6.5 magnitude have the potential to generate tsunami. Areas situated along the south coast of Indonesia islands are vulnerable to tsunami, because directly facing the boundary lines between Eurasia plate and Indo-Australia plate. This study verified that there is positive correlation between coastal line geometry and the tsunami impact, based on fractal analysis. The case study is Maumere, Flores island, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Result of the study is expected to be used for predicting the tsunami impact intensiveness at other areas.

  6. DO DIREITO DE SER HOMEM: DA ALIENAÇÃO DA DESIGUALDADE SOCIAL À AUTONOMIA DA SOCIEDADE IGUALITÁRIA NA TEORIA POLÍTICA DE JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Mariano da Rosa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Investigando a desigualdade da societé civile da sua época, Rousseau, se lhe contrapondo através do Discurso sobre a origem e os fundamentos da desigualdade entre os homens, não identifica a sua emergência senão em um pacto iníquo (ilegítimo, que se impõe em função da propriedade privada e da divisão do trabalho e instaura uma organização que converge para a alienação, caracterizando-se o Contrato Social como um pacto legítimo que guarda capacidade de assegurar a constituição de uma sociedade igualitária e uma ordem política baseada no interesse comum, tendo em vista a perspectiva da liberdade como condição sine qua non do homem que, se no Estado de Natureza usufrui uma independência que possibilita a autodeterminação, no âmbito civil a sua existência social demanda o desafio da construção da autonomia, o que implica na inter-relação que, envolvendo liberdade e igualdade, consiste no direito de ser homem e perfaz a verdadeira democracia

  7. RELACIONES GENOMICAS ENTRE CUATRO ESPECIES DIPLOIDES DE TURNERA CON FLORES AMARILLAS (SERIE CANALIGERAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aveliano Mercedes Fernández

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Los rasgos morfológicos y citogenéticos de los híbridos artificiales entre cuatro especies diploides (2n = 10: T.concinna, T.Krapovickasii, T.scabra y T.subulata han sido estudiados. Los híbridos fueron intermedios en varios caracteres, como el color de las flores, la longitud, la anchura y forma de las semillas, en algunos rasgos se parecían a uno o al otro padre. Todos los híbridos interespecíficos mostraron un alto porcentaje de PMC con cinco bivalentes. La meiosis de T.subulata x T.scabra fue regular (5 II. En los otros híbridos fue hallada una baja frecuencia de trivalentes o cuadrivalentes; estos trivalentes y cuadrivalentes son evidencia de translocaciones recíprocas. Puentes y fragmentos en anafase I y II muestran la presencia de inversiones paracéntricas. Los análisis morfológicos y citogenéticos de los híbridos indican una estrecha relación entre T.scabra y T.subulata y entre T.concinna y T.Krapovickasii respectivamente. Esta última especie tiene un par de cromosomas con satélites grandes. T.scabra y T.concinna están más alejadas. El estudio citogenético de todos los híbridos entre estas especies confirmaría que son taxones independientes. Ellos tienen el mismo genoma básico, que designamos Asu Asu de T. subulata, Asc Asc para T.scabra, Ak Ak para T. Krapovickasii y Ac Ac para T.concinna.

  8. Energy reduction potential from the shift to electric vehicles: The Flores island case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pina, André; Baptista, Patrícia; Silva, Carlos; Ferrão, Paulo

    2014-01-01

    The increase of fossil fuel demand raises concerns on availability of resources for future energy demand and on potential environmental impacts. Electric vehicles (EVs) appear as one alternative to shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy resources. This research work analyzes the benefits of the introduction of EVs in a small energy system, the Flores island, Azores, in terms of primary energy and CO 2 emissions. Four scenarios were designed considering different penetration rates of EVs (Low and High) and different time of recharging strategies (Fixed and Flexible). The high shares of RES in the electricity production system (60–62%) did not guarantee a significant use of RES for the recharging of EVs (10–40%), as the additional electricity required had to be produced mainly from the diesel generators. The flexible recharging strategies allowed doubling the share of RES in the recharging of the EVs when compared to fixed recharging, and consequently double the impact on the reduction of primary energy consumption and fossil fuels imports. While the reduction of primary energy ranged between 0.2% and 1.1%, for CO 2 emissions there was a decrease between 0.3 and 1.7%, proving that EVs can help improve the sustainability of energy systems. - highlights: • High shares of RES in electricity do not guarantee a low energy use by EVs. • The introduction of EVs can help reduce CO 2 emissions by 11% in 2030. • Flexible time of recharging strategies allows a 2.5 times higher share of RES

  9. Follajes comercializados en dos mercados de flores del Altiplano Central Mexicano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela Noemi Grenón-Cascales

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Los tradicionales mercados de flores Xochiquetzal del municipio de Tenancingo, Estado de México y Jamaica en el Distrito Federal, son importantes en la comercialización de especies de follajes, de los cuales se desconoce su filiación taxonómica, por lo que resulta relevante realizar su inventario. Para ello, se visitaron ambos mercados para la adquisición de las especies, y su posterior herborización e identifi cación taxonómica en el herbario de la facultad de Ciencias Agrícolas de la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México. Adicionalmente se obtuvo información complementaria de cada una de ellas a través de encuestas aplicadas. Con los datos obtenidos se realizó el inventario y el catálogo de follajes de ambos mercados.Los resultados obtenidos muestran que el número de especies comercializadas en los dos mercados es de 87 especies, las cuales pertenecen a 57 géneros y 38 familias. El mayor número de especies de follajes se comercializan en forma de manojo (43% y el menor número corresponde a racimos de frutos (3%; el mayor número de especies de follajes se comercializan en el mercado de Jamaica (71% y sólo el 13% en el mercado de Tenancingo. La familia Araceae muestra un mayor número de especies de follajes (10%. Estos datos se deben a que sus especies tienen inflorescencias muy llamativas y que tienen una larga vida en florero. La información recopilada en el catálogo servirá de difusión y apoyo para establecer estrategias de conservación y uso sustentable de las especies comercializadas en los mercados, objeto de estudio.

  10. Influence of storage temperature on Epidendrum ibaguense flowers = Influência da temperatura de armazenamento em flores de Epidendrum ibaguense.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Mapeli

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The present work was carried out to evaluate the influence oftemperature and wet-versus-dry storage on longevity, respiration and ethylene production during storage of E. ibaguense flowers. The inflorescences were harvested and stored at 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, and 40oC, in water or dry, until complete senescence. Respiration increased when inflorescences were treated with wet or dry storage. The Q10 factor for this flower, at temperatures ranging from 5 to 40°C, was similar to most fresh horticultural products, varying between 1.2 and 3.31 depending on storage temperature. Production of ethylene by the inflorescence was maximal at 20ºC for flowers maintained in water, and at 35°C for those flowers kept dry, followedby a sharp drop in both treatments. A maximal shelf life for cut flowers was obtained when the inflorescences were stored wet at 10°C. Symptoms of chilling were observed in flowers stored in water after six to seven days at 5°C, showing petal wilting and necrosis of the labellum. At 40°C, flowers stored dry showed severe petal wilting anddarkening of bud petals less than one day after harvest.O presente trabalho avaliou a influência da temperatura e armazenamento úmido e seco sobre a longevidade, respiração e produção de etileno de flores de Epidendrum ibaguense. As hastes foram colhidas, colocadas em vaso e armazenadas em temperatura de 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 e 40oC, em água ou a seco, até completa senescência das flores. A respiração aumentou quando as inflorescências foram tratadas com armazenamento úmido ou seco. O fator Q10 para estas flores, na faixa de temperatura de 5 a 40ºC, foi similar a da maioria dos produtos hortícolas, variando de 1,2 a 3,3, dependendo da temperatura de armazenamento. A produção de etileno foi máxima a 20ºC, para as flores mantidas em água, e a 35ºC para aquelasmantidas a seco, e a partir destas temperaturas houve redução em ambos os tratamentos. A longevidade foi m

  11. Projecto - IV Expedição Científica do Departamento de Biologia - Flores 1989.

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, António M. de Frias; Furtado, Duarte; Brum, João M. M.; Almeida, Luís Mexia de

    1989-01-01

    IV Expedição Científica do Departamento de Biologia - Flores 1989 (Projecto). A zona costeira açoreana é sem dúvida uma verdadeira fronteira entre o mundo terrestre e marinho, representando um dos ecossistemas mais ricos do arquipélago. Mal descrita e pouco conhecida, esta pequena parcela com cerca de cinco a sete milhões de anos de idade é o meio mais transformado por numerosos factores inerentes a presença do homem. São numerosos os pontos do Arquipélago em que o meio marinho é praticame...

  12. Seguimiento de una cohorte de mujeres trabajadoras en cultivos de flores de la Sabana de Bogotá

    OpenAIRE

    Marcela E. Varona; Fernando de la Hoz; Germán E. Peña; Omayda Cárdenas

    1998-01-01

    La presente investigación es un estudio descriptivo sobre las mujeres encontradas pertenecientes a la cohorte de trabajadoras en cultivos de flores de la Sabana de Bogotá, estudiadas por el Grupo de Sanidad del Ambiente del Instituto Nacional de Salud hace 20 años. Se obtuvo información nuevade las mujeres que se lograron ubicar; se describieron las características generales de dicha población; se determinó la similitud entre la población encontrada y la no encontrada y se estableció la frecu...

  13. Negociación a través del internet exportación de flores al por mayor

    OpenAIRE

    Barzola Castro, Carlos; Cobeña Contreras, Edith; Baidal Solis, Katiuska; Olaya Tapia, Jorge Enrique

    2009-01-01

    Hoy en día las grandes empresas multinacionales tienden a influir en el éxito de las compañías pequeñas porque les compran bienes y servicios a los sectores productivos, uno de estos sectores que ha causado un gran impacto es el mercado de flores en el Ecuador, de tal forma que estas empresas han aprovechado esta oportunidad teniendo buenos resultados en estos últimos años y al mismo tiempo les ha permitido mejorar el crecimiento y la calidad de este producto la flor. En la actualidad la...

  14. Transformations de la flore d\\'une forêt dense sémi décidue : impact ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les différents milieux écologiques, identifiés à l\\'intérieur de la forêt classée de la Téné (Côte d\\'Ivoire), et dans ses environs, ont permis d\\'analyser les différents changements qui s\\'opèrent dans la flore originelle sous l\\'action des activités humaines. Le dispositif utilisé a consisté en une grille carrée de 2 km de côté à ...

  15. Estudio de las estrategias que permitan minimizar el riesgo en la exportación de flores de las pymes del oriente antioqueño

    OpenAIRE

    Restrepo Restrepo, Jannet

    2015-01-01

    Se presenta la reflexión producto de una investigación realizada en el sector floricultor del oriente antioqueño (El Carmen de Viboral, La Ceja y Rionegro), donde se analizan y validan las diferentes estrategias que minimizan el riesgo y que orientan a las pymes exportadoras de flores con respecto al manejo integral de su proceso de exportación. A partir de un diagnóstico inicial se pretende conocer la situación actual de las pymes exportadoras de flores e identificar las estrategias que empl...

  16. Festival nordestino de teatro de Guaramiranga - FNT: o nordeste é o mundo. o mundo é aqui. ou, afetos e impactos na cidade das flores

    OpenAIRE

    Reinaldo, Maria Rejane

    2012-01-01

    p.141-149 O Festival Nordestino de Teatro de Guaramiranga – FNT: o Nordeste é o mundo. O mundo é aqui. Ou, afetos e impactos na cidade das flores vislumbra um breve olhar sobre os 18 anos do Festival Nordestino de Teatro de Guaramiranga – FNT, os afetos e impactos construídos e construtores do e pelo FNT, a cidade, sua gente, os intercâmbios, a poética espacial da cidade, a estrutura física e humana. Cidade das flores, cidade dos dramas, cidade do Festival Nordestino de Teatro de Guaram...

  17. Intention of dog owners to participate in rabies control measures in Flores Island, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wera, Ewaldus; Mourits, Monique C M; Hogeveen, Henk

    2016-04-01

    The success of a rabies control strategy depends on the commitment and collaboration of dog owners. In this study the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) was used to identify the factors, which are associated with the intention of dog owners to participate in rabies control measures in the Manggarai and Sikka regencies of Flores Island, Indonesia. Questionnaires were administered to 450 dog owners from 44 randomly selected villages in the two regencies. Ninety-six percent of the dog owners intended to participate in a free-of-charge vaccination campaign. The intention decreased to 24% when dog owners were asked to pay a vaccination fee equal to the market price of the vaccine (Rp 18.000 per dose=US$2). Approximately 81% of the dog owners intended to keep their dogs inside their house or to leash them day and night during a period of at least three months in case of an incidence of rabies in the dog population within their village. Only 40% intended to cull their dogs in case of a rabies incident within their village. Using multivariable logistic regression analysis, the attitude item 'vaccinating dogs reduces rabies cases in humans', and the perceived behavioural control items 'availability of time' and 'ability to confine dogs' were shown to be significantly associated with the intention to participate in a free-of-charge vaccination campaign. The attitude item 'culling dogs reduces rabies cases in humans' was significantly associated with the intention to participate in a culling measure. The attitude item 'leashing of dogs reduces human rabies cases' and perceived behavioural controls 'availability of time' and 'money to buy a leash' were associated with the intention to leash dogs during a rabies outbreak. As the attitude variables were often significantly associated with intention to participate in a rabies control measure, an educational rabies campaign focusing on the benefit of rabies control measures is expected to increase the intention of dog owners to

  18. Importancia de los estudios fisiológicos en los cultivos de flores de exportación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orozco de Amézquita Martha

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available La Fisiologla Vegetal estudia el funcionamiento de las plantas y los procesos vitales que regulan su crecimiento, desarrollo y producción. En últimas, las respuestas de los vegetales dependen de lo que ocurre a nivel molecular, de organelos subcelulares, de células, de tejidos y órganos y de las
    interrelaciones entre ellos, todo ésto modulado por
    las condiciones ambientales. De la anterior definición, se deduce la importancia que tiene la investigación de los procesos fisiológicos en el desarrollo de la floricultura. En la actualidad, el manejo de plantas productoras de flores bajo
    invernadero en la Sabana de Bogotá está basado en el interés de los floricultores por mejorar y aumentar
    la calidad de la producción, lo cual ha originado un importante conocimiento emplrico, acompañado del empleo de técnicas recomendadas por expertos internacionales, que han suplido
    los requerimientos necesarios para la producción. Por lo anterior, Arbeláez (1985 opina que un aspecto de vital importancia en el desarrollo futuro de la industria de flores será el poder contar con investigación suficiente que genere la tecnologla adecuada a las necesidades y condiciones colombianas.

  19. Seguimiento de una cohorte de mujeres trabajadoras en cultivos de flores de la Sabana de Bogotá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela E. Varona

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación es un estudio descriptivo sobre las mujeres encontradas pertenecientes a la cohorte de trabajadoras en cultivos de flores de la Sabana de Bogotá, estudiadas por el Grupo de Sanidad del Ambiente del Instituto Nacional de Salud hace 20 años. Se obtuvo información nuevade las mujeres que se lograron ubicar; se describieron las características generales de dicha población; se determinó la similitud entre la población encontrada y la no encontrada y se estableció la frecuencia y tipo de cáncer desarrollado en las mujeres. Se encontraron 1.21 8 (23,1% mujeres del total de mujeres estudiadas en la cohorte inicial. con un promedio de edad de 44.5 años y un tiempo total de trabajo en cultivos de flores de 15 años en promedio, siendo las actividades que ocupan el mayor número de personas, las identificadas como de alta exposición a plaguicidas.

  20. A Holocene Record of Monsoon Intensity From Speleothems in Flores, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, M. L.; Drysdale, R.; Gagan, M.; Ayliffe, L.; Zhao, J.; St. Pierre, E.; Hantoro, W.; Suwargadi, B.

    2007-12-01

    The Australasian monsoon is among the largest monsoon systems on Earth. The affected region experiences a marked seasonal cycle in winds and precipitation, similar to its Northern Hemisphere counterparts (e.g., Asian monsoons). The Australasian monsoon is the life blood of the millions of people of the Indonesian archipelago. Since the climate is the dominating factor controlling food production, it is of great significance and urgency that we gain a firmer grasp on the parameters that control variations in monsoon intensity. Precise uranium series dating of two actively growing speleothems measuring ~1.25 (LR06-B1) and ~1.61 (LR06-B3) meters in length from Liang Luar cave (Flores, eastern Indonesia), reveal basal ages of ~12,846±103 and 23,605±171 years respectively. In previous studies, stable isotope ratios (δ18O and δ13C) and trace element concentrations in speleothems have revealed past environmental change (e.g., Burns et al., 2001; Wang et al., 2001; Fleitmann et al., 2004; Drysdale et al., 2004).In monsoon-affected regions, the δ18O signal recorded in stalagmites seems to be dominated by the amount of precipitation (so-called `amount effect'), whereby more negative (positive) δ18O values indicate enhanced (diminished) precipitation. Preliminary results from LR06-B1 indicate that δ18O values show a general increase in monsoon intensity from the beginning of the record to ~2000 years BP: this more or less follows insolation changes over the Australian continent.Comparison of our record with D4 from Dongge Cave reveals an anticorrelation during the Holocene, further supporting the hypothesis that tropical monsoon intensity is largely controlled by changes in insolation in both the Northern and Southern Hemisphere. Examination of our δ13C record demonstrates a high-frequency signal superimposed on low- frequency variability which correlates with the reconstructed sunspot cycle: higher (lower) sunspot numbers, and hence increased solar activity

  1. Determinação da dissimilaridade genética entre acessos de Capsicum chinense com base em características de flores

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    Carla Sigales de Vasconcelos

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available As pimentas do gênero Capsicum apresentam grande importância para o mercado de condimentos e para o uso ornamental no Brasil. A estimativa da diversidade genética é importante na escolha de progenitores de programa de melhoramento genético. Este trabalho teve por objetivo verificar a eficiência de descritores multicategóricos de flores para estimar a dissimilaridade genética entre acessos de Capsicum chinense, do Banco Ativo de Germoplasma Capsicum, da Embrapa Clima Temperado. O experimento foi realizado no período de agosto de 2009 a março de 2010, no campo experimental da Embrapa Clima Temperado, em blocos ao acaso, utilizando-se 22 acessos, com dez plantas por parcela. Para a caracterização morfológica das flores, foram avaliadas cinco flores de cada planta, de dez plantas por acesso. Foram utilizados 15 descritores, sendo cinco quantitativos e dez qualitativos multicategóricos. Foram realizadas análises de comparação de médias, utilizando-se agrupamento pelos métodos UPGMA e de Tocher, para os dados quantitativos, e agrupamento pelo método de Tocher, para os dados qualitativos. Os acessos estudados apresentam ampla diversidade genética em relação a descritores de flores, existindo grande variabilidade entre os acessos avaliados, o que recomenda seu uso em programas de melhoramento genético. O uso de descritores multicategóricos de flores é eficiente para estimar a dissimilaridade genética entre acessos de Capsicum chinense.

  2. Abundancia de colibríes y uso de flores en un bosque templado del sureste de México

    OpenAIRE

    Ruth Partida Lara; Paula L. Enríquez; José Luis Rangel-Salazar; Carlos Lara; Miguel Martínez Ico

    2012-01-01

    La abundancia de los colibríes puede variar por la fenología de floración de las plantas de las que se alimentan. Sin embargo, la información sobre la interacción colibrí-flor es limitada en ambientes tropicales de montaña. En este estudio se evaluó la abundancia de colibríes con redes de niebla y se registró la fenología de floración mensual de las flores visitadas por los colibríes en tres ambientes (bosque de encino, de neblina y matorral) en la Reserva Ecológica Huitepec, Chiapas, México ...

  3. Mercados públicos y competitividad: El Palmar y Las Flores de Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Elena Garza-Bueno

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el propósito de modernizar los mercados públicos, el gobierno del Estado de México en alianza con el Colegio de Postgraduados estableció un programa de formación de recursos humanos. La metodología consistió en incorporar a los locatarios de los mercados El Palmar y Las Flores de Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl a un proceso de reflexión sobre las ventajas competitivas que ellos consideran poseer y las que señala su clientela. Estas últimas se obtuvieron mediante una encuesta. El artículo presenta los resultados de la reflexión y de la encuesta, así como de las acciones acordadas a partir de la confrontación de ambos resultados.

  4. Abundancia de colibríes y uso de flores en un bosque templado del sureste de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Partida Lara

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La abundancia de los colibríes puede variar por la fenología de floración de las plantas de las que se alimentan. Sin embargo, la información sobre la interacción colibrí-flor es limitada en ambientes tropicales de montaña. En este estudio se evaluó la abundancia de colibríes con redes de niebla y se registró la fenología de floración mensual de las flores visitadas por los colibríes en tres ambientes (bosque de encino, de neblina y matorral en la Reserva Ecológica Huitepec, Chiapas, México de enero a agosto 2010. Cuatro especies de colibríes (Hylocharis leucotis, Lampornis amethystinus, Lamprolaima rhami y Eugenes fulgens se registraron y sus abundancias variaron entre ambientes (H3.8=14.8, p=0.001. Siete especies de plantas fueron visitadas por los colibríes, y presentaron una mayor floración formando parches durante la temporada de secas. En el matorral se concentró el mayor número de especies de plantas con flores. Fuchsia paniculata presentó el mayor periodo de floración aunque solo fue visitada por H. leucotis. Passiflora membranacea fue la única especie visitada por las cuatro especies de colibríes. La única asociación positiva fue la abundancia de E. fulgens con la floración de P. membranacea (rS=0.93, p=0.02. Las fluctuaciones de las abundancias de colibríes en este estudio están en cierta forma determinadas por las interacciones del recurso floral y su distribución en el ambiente

  5. INSECTOS VISITANTES DE FLORES DE Ziziphus joazeiro MART. (RHAMNACEAE EN UNA REGIÓN DE CAATINGA EN EL BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELANIA CLEMENTINO FERNANDES

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Ziziphus joazeiro es un árbol fructífero endémico del bioma Caatinga, situada en la región semi- árida del noreste brasileño. No obstante su amplia importancia económica y ecológica, las informaciones sobre la comunidad de insectos asociados a esa especie vegetal son insuficientes. Así, el objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar un levantamiento de los insectos asociados a las flores de Z. joazeiro y observar el horario donde ocurre el mayor número de visitas. El estudio fue realizado dentro del bosque de Z. joazeiro ubicado en el Campus de la “Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido”, municipio de Mossoró, Estado de Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. El muestreo fue efectuado durante el pico de floración entre los meses de noviembre y diciembre de 2010. Una vez por semana se observaron cuatro árboles de Z. joazeiro, al acaso, desde las 05:00 hasta las 17:00 horas. Cada árbol fue observado durante 15 minutos y los insectos capturados con red entomológica. Los insectos asociados a Z. joazeiro pertenecen al orden Hymenoptera, representados por las familias Apidae, Vespidae, Crabronidae y Leucospidae y, al orden Diptera, con las familias Syrphidae, Muscidae, Calliphoridae, Tabanidae, Dolichopodidae, Stratiomydae, Otitidae y Micropezidae. De todas las familias, Apidae, específicamente, Apis mellifera L., fue la que tuvo mayor frecuencia de visitas, con 48%, seguidas por Vespidae (31.4% y Syrphidae (9%. En general, los insectos visitaron las flores de Z. joazeiro en mayor frecuencia durante el período matutino, con picos entre las 7:00 y 8:00 horas y entre las 11:00 y las 12:00 horas del día.

  6. Indicadores econômicos no comércio varejista de flores: um estudo de caso.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Matheus Perosa

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Estudos recentes têm mostrado uma mudança no comportamento do consumidor. O aumento da concorrência tem colocado questões novas sobre a competitividade, indicando a necessidade de uma abordagem sistêmica. A necessidade de transparência no âmbito do sistema coloca-se como dado importante à tomada de decisões pelos agentes econômicos que dele participam. Indicadores econômicos na floricultura são mais visíveis no lado produtivo, com possibilidade de mensuração dos custos de produção e margens obtidas no processo de comercialização. Na esfera da distribuição, a disponibilidade de dados e informações de custos e margens é mais difícil, tornando o mercado menos transparente. Este trabalho tem por objetivo uma análise de indicadores econômicos no comércio varejista de flores, como subsídio a trabalhos comparativos dos participantes do sistema produtivo. Para uma análise mais consistente no tempo, procedeu-se ao levantamento de informações do qüinqüênio 1995-2000, por meio de um estudo de caso do segmento varejista. Os dados mostram uma queda nas receitas, despesas e lucro bruto no período, indicativo do aumento da concorrência no setor. A margem de comercialização do varejo das principais flores comercializadas variou de 33 a 52%, com média de 38%. Os indicadores econômicos revelaram uma queda da lucratividade no período considerado.

  7. ANTRACNOSE DO CAQUIZEIRO CAUSADA POR Colletotrichum horii: INCIDÊNCIA EM RAMOS, FOLHAS, FLORES E FRUTOS EM CAMPO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RENATO REZENDE YOUNG BLOOD

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a incidência em várias partes da planta e o desenvolvimento da antracnose do caquizeiro causada por Colletotrichum horiinas cultivares Fuyu e Kakimel produzidas sob os sistemas orgânico e convencional, respectivamente, nas safras de 2010/2011 e 2011/2012, em Campina Grande do Sul, Paraná, Brasil. Em cada pomar, 10 plantas foram selecionadas aleatoriamente, e 10 ramos do ano por planta, distribuídos ao redor dacopa, foram marcados para as avaliações de incidência de antracnose em ramos e folhas, a cada 15 dias. A quantificação de frutos caídos com ou sem sintomas da doença foi a cada 15 dias, durante o período de crescimento de frutos até a colheita, relacionada com a produção total. C. horii em flores foi avaliada em campo e também após incubação no laboratório. Infecção latente foi observada em frutos verdes coletados aos 90; 120 e 150 dias após a floração. Em ambas as safras, observou-se a queda de frutos com sintomas de antracnose entre os meses de janeiro e abril. C. horii é capaz de infectar flores, permanecer latente e provocar sintomas de antracnose em frutos imaturos. Frutos colhidos sadios apresentaram sintomas em pós-colheita após a incubação.

  8. Decree 343/012. Is regulated the servitude established by Decree-Law 10,383, on several lines of electricity conduction -150 KV to be built in the departments of Florida, Cerro Largo, Maldonado, Flores, San Jose and Tacuarembo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-01-01

    This decree regulates the establishment of electricity conduction in Florida, Cerro Largo, Maldonado, Flores, San Jose and Tacuarembo towns. These electrical lines are necessary to provide the public service by UTE

  9. El libro de los doze sabios y Flores de filosofía: ¿la primera o la segunda generación de libros sapienciales castellanos?

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Barry

    2015-01-01

    La crítica suele localizar la fecha de creación del Libro de los doze sabios en 1237-55 y de Flores de filosofía en 1255, es decir, se supone que son anteriores a textos como Bocados de oro y el Libro de los buenos proverbios. El terminus post quem de Flores de filosofía lo facilita su uso en el Libro del Cavallero Zifar hacia 1305; el Libro de los doze sabios no aparece citado en ningún otro texto. En este artículo se argumenta que las referencias a Fernando III y Alfonso X en el Libro de lo...

  10. Piscadelas de caveiras: a escatologia do Jardim das Flores Skull winks: the eschatology of the Garden of Flowers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John C. Dawsey

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available No Jardim das Flores, na periferia de uma cidade do interior paulista, moradores interpretam o seu mundo por meio de histórias sobre o céu e o inferno, e a destruição e recriação do mundo. Como interpretar essas interpretações? A partir dessa questão a antropologia de Geertz propõe-se a fazer uma "descrição densa" em que seja possível distinguir um piscar de olhos de uma piscadela marota. As histórias que se contam no Jardim das Flores, porém, não são meras interpretações. Nelas se alojam vontades de interromper o próprio curso do mundo. Ao dizerem algo sobre o mundo, elas irrompem como provocações capazes de suscitar um abrir e fechar dos olhos, com efeitos de despertar. Por meio de imagens carregadas de tensões, uma descrição densa também adquire as qualidades de uma descrição tensa, um assombro. Não seriam as elipses, incoerências e emendas suspeitas - onde um texto parece desmanchar - os sinais do "baixo corporal" do texto que chamamos cultura? Talvez nesses lugares, como as histórias do Jardim das Flores revelam, encontrem-se os subsolos mais férteis de um texto, ou, ainda, o seu fundo escatológico.In the Garden of Flowers, a peripheral district of a city of the interior of São Paulo, people interpret their world, among other ways, by telling stories about heaven and earth, and the destruction and recreation of the world. How should one interpret these interpretations? As a way for dealing with this question, Geertz developed the notion of 'thick description,' by which one may distinguish a twitch from a wink. The stories told in the Garden of Flowers are not mere interpretations, however. They emerge from the will to interrupt the very course of the world. As they say something about the world, they also erupt as provocations, with awakening effects, causing one's eyes to close and reopen. By means of tension-filled images, 'thick description' may also acquire the qualities of tense description, provoking

  11. Feeding behavior of hummingbirds and perching birds on Erythrina speciosa Andrews (Fabaceae flowers in an urban area, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil Comportamento alimentar de beija-flores e Passeriformes nas flores de Erytrhina speciosa Andrews (Fabaceae em uma área urbana de Londrina, Paraná, Brasil

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    Luciana Baza Mendonça

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Nine species of birds - seven hummingbirds (Trochilidae and two Passeriformes - were observed visiting the flowers of Erythrina speciosa Andrews (Fabaceae, a hummingbird-pollinated species present on the campus of Londrina State University, Paraná State, Brazil. Nectar in bagged flowers bore little relationship with nectar in flowers opened to foragers either regarding quantity or diurnal pattern of availability. Birds were more frequent early in the morning and their activity on flowers further declined, apparently following the pattern of nectar availability. The manner to which birds probed the flowers and, in consequence, their role on pollination were greatly determined by morphological traits and approaching behavior of birds. E. speciosa seemed best suited for pollination by long-billed hummingbirds but some short to medium-billed species may play some role on its pollination.Nove espécies de aves - sete beija-flores (Trochilidae e duas aves Passeriformes - foram observados visitando as flores de Erythrina speciosa Andrews (Fabaceae, uma espécie polinizada por beija-flores presente no campus da Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Paraná, Brasil. O néctar em flores ensacadas apresentou pouca relação com aquele em flores expostas aos visitantes, tanto em termos de quantidade como em temos de padrão diurno de disponibilidade. As aves foram mais freqüentes de manhã e sua atividade nas flores diminuiu no transcorrer do dia, coincidindo com o padrão de disponibilidade de néctar. O comportamento de visita das aves e, em conseqüência, sua atuação na polinização da espécie foram em grande parte determinadas por características morfológicas e comportamentais destas. E. speciosa parece ser adaptada para polinização por beija-flores de bicos longos, embora espécies com bicos de comprimento curto a médio possam ter algum papel em sua polinização.

  12. Fenologia do florescimento e características do perfume das flores de Passiflora quadrangularis l. (maracujá-melão

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    Daniel Antonio Villamil Montero

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Passiflora quadrangularis L. é uma espécie originária do neotrópico, conhecida no Brasil como maracujá-melão devido ao tamanho e formato dos seus frutos. Tem sido amplamente disseminada nas regiões tropicais do mundo onde é produzida em pequena escala para comercialização dos frutos, o que ocorre bem próximo às regiões de cultivo, em função da dificuldade de conservação pós-colheita. As plantas são trepadeiras bastante vigorosas, com flores abundantes, grandes e perfumadas, o que amplia o seu valor e a torna particularmente interessante para caramanchões e cercas-vivas. O uso efetivo de passifloras no mercado de plantas ornamentais depende de estudos da fenologia floral. Neste trabalho foram estudadas algumas características da fenologia floral e o perfume das flores de P. quadrangularis, sob cultivo protegido. São apresentados os dados relativos ao período de floração, picos de florescimento e intensidade relativa das flores, bem como algumas características do perfume floral. Conclui-se que a espécie representa uma nova alternativa de cultivo para fins ornamentais, por apresentar múltiplas flores em antese simultânea, abundantes, grandes, fragrantes e coloridas, com longo período de floração no ano, além de frutos comestíveis, folhas exuberantes e medicinais que oferecem amplo sombreamento para áreas externas de lazer e/ou outras plantas cultivadas.

  13. El extracto etanólico de las flores de Laccopetalum giganteum (pacra-pacra aumenta la fertilidad en ratas

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    Jorge Arroyo

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Determinar si la administración por vía oral del extracto etanólico de flores de Laccopetalum giganteum (Pacra-pacra en ratas normales aumenta la fertilidad. Diseño: Estudio experimental. Lugar: Facultad de Medicina y Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Material biológico: Ratas. Intervenciones: Cuarentiocho animales fueron divididos aleatoriamente en 2 grandes grupos, de 24 cada uno. El primero fue control, con solución salina fisiológica (SSF 5 mL/kg y el segundo con extracto vía oral, 300 mg/kg, durante 15 días. Cada grupo consideró 6 hembras y 6 machos juntos, y 6 hembras y 6 machos separados. Los animales que estuvieron juntos fueron sacrificados, para observar la presencia de fetos en el útero; y a los animales que estuvieron separados, se les extrajo muestra de sangre, para conocer el nivel de testosterona en machos y LH, FSH, estrógenos y progesterona en hembras, expresándose en µg/dL; el dosaje hormonal se realizó por el método de electroquimioluminiscencia. Asimismo, se determinó GOT, GPT, urea y creatinina, según las técnicas utilizadas en el laboratorio clínico. Principales medidas de resultados: Gravidez, FSH, LH, estrógenos y progesterona en ratas hembras; testosterona en ratas machos. Resultados: Los flavonoides, compuestos fenólicos y taninos estuvieron en mayor cantidad en el extracto etanólico. El 100% de ratas que recibió el extracto etanólico de la planta y estuvo junto a los machos resultó grávida; y, las separadas que recibieron el mismo extracto, presentaron incremento de FSH en las hembras y testosterona en los machos, comparativamente a los controles respectivos. Los niveles de GOT, GPT, urea y creatinina se encontraron dentro de los límites aceptados. Conclusiones: En condiciones experimentales, el extracto etanólico de las flores de Laccopetalum giganteum (pacra-pacra incrementó la fertilidad en ratas normales.

  14. Descripción del uso y manejo de plaguicidas en las empresas de flores afiliadas a Asocolflores.

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    Marcela E. Varona

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. En Colombia, la exposición a plaguicidas se ha convertido en un problema de salud pública debido al incremento de la demanda; esto ha ocasionado impacto en la salud de la población y en el ambiente. Objetivo. Describir los plaguicidas empleados y determinar su uso y manejo en las empresas de flores en la sabana de Bogotá y Rionegro (Antioquia afiliadas a la Asociación Colombiana de Exportadores de Flores, Asocolflores. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en 84 empresas estratificadas por ubicación geográfica y por tamaño. Se recolectó información de la empresa y del trabajador, y se realizó una observación detallada del proceso de fumigación y utilización de los plaguicidas. Se llevó a cabo un análisis univariado, bivariado y la exploración de posibles asociaciones. Resultados. El 39,4% de los trabajadores de las empresas incluidas en el estudio pertenecían al sexo masculino y el 60,6% al femenino. Respecto a la categoría toxicológica, el 14,3% de los plaguicidas pertenecía a la categoría I, el 14,4% a la II, el 52,0% a la categoría III y el restante, 19,2%, a la categoría IV. Los plaguicidas más utilizados fueron los ditiocarbamatos con 11,7%. Los equipos más empleados para la aplicación de los plaguicidas eran la bomba móvil (92,8% y la lanza (92,9%. El seguimiento de la exposición a plaguicidas por pruebas de laboratorio, se realizaba por medio de la colinesterasa mediante la técnica de Michel-Aldrige en el 85,9% de las empresas. Conclusión. Este estudio describe la forma como se utilizan los plaguicidas en la industria floricultora en Colombia. Se hacen recomendaciones para mejorar su manejo y se proponen medidas para reducir la exposición de los trabajadores.

  15. Cost-effectiveness of mass dog rabies vaccination strategies to reduce human health burden in Flores Island, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wera, Ewaldus; Mourits, Monique C M; Hogeveen, Henk

    2017-12-04

    The cost-effectiveness of different mass dog rabies vaccination strategies, defined as the costs per year of life lost (YLL) averted was evaluated for a period of 10 years by means of a dynamic simulation study for a typical village on Flores Island. In the base strategy (no dog vaccination and no post-exposure treatment (PET) of human bite cases), the model showed that the introduction of the virus by one infectious dog into an isolated village with 1500 inhabitants and 400 dogs resulted in 881 YLLs during a 10-year simulation period, which is equivalent to 30 human rabies cases. An annual dog vaccination campaign with a coverage of 70% using a short-acting vaccine saved 832 YLLs, while the cumulative costs for the public sector were US$3646 or US$4.38 per YLL averted. Switching to a long-acting vaccine, the annual vaccination strategies with a coverage of 50% (AV_156_50) or 70% (AV_156_70) reduced the baseline YLLs from 881 to respectively 78 and 26 YLLs with cumulative costs of US$3716 and US$2264 or US$4.63 and US$2.65 per YLL averted, respectively. In general, dog vaccination was more cost-effective than PET alone (US$2.65-4.63 per YLL averted versus US$23.29 per YLL averted). Although a combination of PET with AV_156_70 was less cost-effective compared to AV_156_70 alone, this strategy was able to prevent all human deaths due to rabies. A combination of PET with annual vaccination using a short-acting vaccine at a coverage of 50% was far from being cost-effective, suggesting that the currently applied rabies control in Flores Island is not an efficient investment in reducing human rabies burden. An increased investment in either an increase in the current coverage or in a switch from the short-acting vaccine to the long-acting vaccine type would certainly pay off. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Avaliação de impactos ambientais na ilha das flores, Porto Alegre (RS / Environmental impact assesssment in the ilha das flores, in Porto Alegre, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul

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    Fábio Charão Kurtz

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Ambiência é a soma das condições externas circundantes no interior das quais um organismo, uma condição, uma comunidade ou um objeto existe. No Brasil a deterioração da ambiência atinge 40%. Para determinar os impactos causados pelo homem no meio surgiram as Avaliações de Impactos Ambientais (AIA. A AIA é elaborada através do EIA (Estudo de Impacto Ambiental e do RIMA (Relatório de Impacto Ambiental. A metodologia para o presente estudo utilizou-se de uma matriz de interações que apresenta dois atributos principais: magnitude e importância do impacto ambiental. Com o objetivo de quantificar os impactos causados pelos moradores da Ilha das Flores (Porto Alegre, RS, aplicou-se a referida matriz em uma propriedade da Ilha para determinar a viabilidade da permanência destes moradores no local. Os resultados permitiram concluir que o empreendimento é viável, desde que sejam tomadas as devidas medidas compensatórias e mitigadoras, para que fique de acordo com as exigências ambientais.

  17. Training for Future Esp Trainers: Evaluating the Training of Trainers (TOT Program in Labuan Bajo, Manggarai Barat, Flores

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    Irfan Rifai

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available By cooperating with Yayasan Komodo Kita and Mandiri Bank, English department of Binus University was chiefly in charge of a 15 day Training Of Trainers (TOT program for 24 participants prepared for teaching English in Labuan Bajo, Flores. The training was aimed to prepare already fluent- in – English- teachers, tour guides, and university graduates with the right tools and method in teaching English. To assess the program, a set of evaluation questionnaire was given to the participants to know their responses on the training material, the trainers, and the program by using Likert’s scale type questions. An observational record was also used as a tool to measure participants’ achievement. The questionnaire reveals that the participants respond positively to the program and the material and favor the approaches made by the trainers during the training. However, the training shows various results in participants’ performance. It is assumed that the non teaching background of the majority of participants and the level of English as two key factors influencing their performance.  

  18. The hundred-year emotion war: are emotions natural kinds or psychological constructions? Comment on Lench, Flores, and Bench (2011).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindquist, Kristen A; Siegel, Erika H; Quigley, Karen S; Barrett, Lisa Feldman

    2013-01-01

    For the last century, there has been a continuing debate about the nature of emotion. In the most recent offering in this scientific dialogue, Lench, Flores, and Bench (2011) reported a meta-analysis of emotion induction research and claimed support for the natural kind hypothesis that discrete emotions (e.g., happiness, sadness, anger, and anxiety) elicit specific changes in cognition, judgment, behavior, experience, and physiology. In this article, we point out that Lench et al. (2011) is not the final word on the emotion debate. First, we point out that Lench et al.'s findings do not support their claim that discrete emotions organize cognition, judgment, experience, and physiology because they did not demonstrate emotion-consistent and emotion-specific directional changes in these measurement domains. Second, we point out that Lench et al.'s findings are in fact consistent with the alternative (a psychological constructionist approach to emotion). We close by appealing for a construct validity approach to emotion research, which we hope will lead to greater consensus on the operationalization of the natural kind and psychological construction approaches, as well as the criteria required to finally resolve the emotion debate. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  19. Jenis dan Status Konservasi Ikan Hiu yang Tertangkap di Tempat Pelelangan Ikan (TPI Labuan Bajo, Manggarai Barat, Flores

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    Ismail Syakurachman Alaydrus

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to determine the types of sharks are caught, sold and conservation status in the fish auction place (TPI Labuan Bajo, West Manggarai, Flores, East Nusa Tenggara have been conducted in February and March 2014 in Labuan Bajo. The research method was the survey method and used Market Survey sampling techniques and identification by Rapid Assessment method. Descriptively analyzed data, displayed in the form of narration and a table. Based on the results of the study, found 114 individual sharks, 55 individual males, 59 females were classified into three orders, namely Orectolobiformes, Lamniformes, and Carcharhiniformes; 4 families that Carcharhinidae, Odontaspididae, Rhynchobatidae, and Ginglymostomatidae; 5 genera namely Carcharhinus, Triaenodon, Rhyncobatus, Prionace, and Rhizoprionodon and 9 types of sharks that Carcharhinus melanopterus, Triaenodon obesus, Carcharhinus limbatus, Carcharhinus taurus, Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos, Rhynchobatus australiae, Prionace glauca, Rhizoprionodon acutus, and Nebrius ferrugineus. Based on the state of conservation, shark found in Labuan Bajo TPI classified Vulnerable and Near Threatened, the dominant type of shark found is Carcharhinus melanopterus (91 fishes while the least was found is Rhynchobatus australiae, Prionace glauca, Rhizoprionodon acutus, and Nebrius ferrugineus (each 1 individual.

  20. ARBORIZAÇÃO VIÁRIA NO BAIRRO JARDIM DAS FLORES, NO MUNICÍPIO DE DOURADO (SP1

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    Vanessa Gramignolli

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho buscou identificar as espécies de árvores já plantadas e verificar a sua interferência em calçadas e na rede aérea de telefonia e de eletricidade no bairro Jardim das Flores, no município de Dourado (SP. As espécies foram identificadas e classificadas. As condições das calçadas foram observadas e as árvores, cujas copas atingiram a rede aérea, foram enumeradas. Foram encontradas 35 espécies, num total de 254 indivíduos (62% das plantas exóticas e apenas 38% nativas. A maioria das calçadas com árvores não possuíam pavimentação (46,25% ou apresentava danos (16,25%; apenas 37,5% estavam em boas condições. Dos 254 indivíduos catalogados, 9,06% conflitavam com a fiação mais baixa (telefonia; destas, 10 árvores também atingiram a rede de baixa tensão, e quatro ainda alcançaram a rede de alta tensão. A maioria das árvores (90,94% não estava em conflito com a rede aérea. O estudo revelou que a diversidade de espécies é adequada à arborização urbana, mas falta planejamento e orientação aos moradores quanto à escolha das espécies.

  1. SOIL PROPERTIES OF THE EASTERN TOPOSEQUENCE OF MOUNT KELIMUTU, FLORES ISLAND, EAST NUSA TENGGARA AND THEIR POTENTIAL FOR AGRICULTURAL USE

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    Hikmatullah Hikmatullah

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Kelimutu stratovolcano is one of the young volcanoes extensively found in Flores island. Studies on volcanic soil properties and their suitability for agricultural development in the whole island are lacking. The research was conducted to evaluate the relationship of elevation and soil properties,  and suitability for agricultural development. Five representative pedons at elevation of 550, 1,000, 1,200, 1,400, and 1,600 m above sea level (asl, respectively, were studied in the field, and 22 soil samples were analyzed in the laboratory. The results indicated that elevation significantly affected soil properties and degree of soil weathering. With decreasing elevation, sand content, amorphous material content, and phosphate retention decreased. Concomitantly, clay content, H2O-pH, exchangeable Ca and Mg, base saturation, and soil-CEC increased. A highly positive correlation was shown between P retention and NaFpH, Al, and (Al+0.5 Fe contents extracted by acid ammonium oxalate. Soil-CEC also showed significant positive correlation with clay and silt contents, organic carbon, and exchangeable Ca and Mg. Degree of weathering increased with decreasing elevation as reflected by decreasing silt/clay ratio. Soils developed from Entisols (Lithic Udorthents at 1,600 m asl, to Andisols (Typic Hapludands at 1,000-1,400 m asl, and Mollisols (Typic Hapludolls at lower elevation down to 550 m asl. Soils at 1,400-1,600 m asl are unsuitable for  agriculture. Soils at 1,000-1,200 m are moderately suitable for food crops, horticulture, and estate crops. Dominant limiting factors are steep slopes and P retention. Soils at 550 m asl are suitable for food and estate crops, and also lowland horticulture.

  2. The evolving landscape and climate of western Flores: an environmental context for the archaeological site of Liang Bua.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westaway, K E; Roberts, R G; Sutikna, T; Morwood, M J; Drysdale, R; Zhao, J-x; Chivas, A R

    2009-11-01

    The rapidly changing landscape of the eastern Indonesian archipelago has evolved at a pace dictated by its tropical climate and its geological and tectonic history. This has produced accelerated karstification, flights of alluvial terraces, and complex, multi-level cave systems. These cave systems sometimes contain a wealth of archaeological evidence, such as the almost complete skeleton of Homo floresiensis found at the site of Liang Bua in western Flores, but this information can only be understood in the context of the geomorphic history of the cave, and the more general geological, tectonic, and environmental histories of the river valley and region. Thus, a reconstruction of the landscape history of the Wae Racang valley using speleothems, geological structure, tectonic uplift, karst, cave, and terrace development, provides the necessary evidence to determine the formation, age, evolution, and influences on the site. This evidence suggests that Liang Bua was formed as two subterranean chambers approximately 600ka, but could not be occupied until approximately 190ka when the Wae Racang wandered to the southern side of the valley, exposing the chamber and depositing alluvial deposits containing artifacts. During the next approximately 190k.yr., the chambers coalesced and evolved into a multi-level and interconnected cave that was subjected to channel erosion and pooling events by the development of sinkholes. The domed morphology of the front chamber accumulated deep sediments containing well stratified archaeological and faunal remains, but ponded water in the chamber further prevented hominin use of the cave until approximately 100ka. These chambers were periodically influenced by river inundation and volcanic activity, whereas the area outside the cave was greatly influenced by glacial phases, which changed humid forest environments into grassland environments. This combined evidence has important implications for the archaeological interpretation of the site.

  3. System Properties Determine Food Security and Biodiversity Outcomes at Landscape Scale: A Case Study from West Flores, Indonesia

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    Neil French Collier

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The food-biodiversity nexus is a concept that defines and characterizes the complex interactions between agricultural systems and biodiversity conservation. Here we use a social-ecological systems approach that combines fuzzy cognitive mapping and graph theoretic analyses to uncover system properties that determine food security and biodiversity outcomes at a landscape scale. We studied a rice-based agricultural landscape system situated in Mbeliling district of West Flores, Indonesia. A graphical representation of the Mbeliling district food-biodiversity nexus was created by local experts. The representation revealed system properties that help reconcile the trade-offs between food security and biodiversity conservation. The graph represented a diverse set of food security and biodiversity nodes, and showed that there is not a simple dichotomy between ‘production and protection’. The analysis captured greater complexity than popular academic concepts such as land sparing–land sharing or sustainable intensification. Three major themes emerged from the graph. We found distinct clusters of factors influencing biodiversity and food security. We named these sources of influence (1 Modernisation and sustainable farming; (2 Knowledge and management; and (3 Governance and processes. Component 2 was the most representative of emergent system properties that contribute positively to managing a sustainable food-biodiversity nexus in the Mbeliling landscape. The key determinants of outcomes were: improving agronomic practices, diversifying production, maintaining forest cover and connectivity, and using knowledge and natural resource management processes to mitigate the main drivers of change. Our approach highlights the complexities in the food-biodiversity nexus, and could have wide application in other locations.

  4. A partilha do eu como pragmática da enunciação e performance narrativa contemporânea no romance Flores Artificiais

    OpenAIRE

    Valéria Gomes Ignácio; Maria Rosa Duarte de Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    Este trabalho analisa a estratégia narrativa que engendra o romance Flores artificiais, de Luiz Ruffato, referenciada no desenraizamento e no despertencimento que caracterizam o sujeito na contemporaneidade. O constante e irreversível deslocamento geográfico que articula as inúmeras vozes e pontos de vista presentes nas micronarrativas que compõem a obra mobiliza um narrador também em trânsito, responsável por organizar um imbricado jogo entre as personas do eu/tu e do ele/eles para construir...

  5. Socios por naturaleza: una propuesta didáctica para comprender la importancia de la interacción mutualista entre las flores y sus polinizadores

    OpenAIRE

    Baranzelli, Matías C.; Boero, Lourdes; Córdoba, Silvina A.; Ferreiro, Gabriela; Maubecin, Constanza C.; Paiaro, Valeria; Renny, Mauricio; Rocamundi, Nicolás; Sazatornil, Federico; Sosa-Pivatto, María; Soteras, Florencia

    2018-01-01

    La polinización por animales es un proceso fundamental en la reproducción de las plantas con flores. En el ámbito educativo, esta temática rara vez se aborda con un enfoque en la interacción planta-polinizador, y su importancia es poco reconocida por los estudiantes. En este trabajo se presenta una propuesta didáctica para abordar la reproducción sexual en plantas basada en la asociación mutualista planta-polinizador. La secuencia de actividades desarrollada incluye la visualización de un vid...

  6. Diseño de un manual de procedimeintos contables para la Empresa Florícola Flores del Ecuador S.A..

    OpenAIRE

    Chillan Cusi, Miriam Elizabeth

    2005-01-01

    Toda empresa como resultado de sus operaciones genera información contable y financiera. Para que esta información sea veraz razonable y objetiva requiere de un desempeño y utilización eficiente de sus recursos humanos, materiales y financieros, sumado a esto un adecuado sistema de control interno para la detección de desviaciones. Por lo expuesto, el objetivo general de esta investigación es diseñar un manual de procedimientos contables para la empresa florícola Flores del Ecuador qu...

  7. Una cartografía poética de la ciudad en Las noches de Flores, de César Aira

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilar Filho, Julio Anibal Dominguez

    2011-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho é o de investigar e analisar a representação dos espaços da cidade na obra do escritor argentino César Aira, Las noches de Flores (2004), no espaço discursivo e textual. Interpretando as possíveis relações existentes entre os elementos característicos da cidade. Como suporte teórico para este trabalho serão utilizados conceitos como o de pathos, proporcionado por Emil Steiger no livro Conceitos fundamentais da poética, a Idiorritmía e a problemática de uma semiologia...

  8. Fiesta, identidad y estrategias de una minoría que se organiza: La reina de las flores de una comunidad latina en Texas

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Fernández Poncela; Lilia Venegas Aguilera

    2010-01-01

    La Fiesta de las Flores se celebra anualmente en la ciudad fronteriza de El Paso, Texas, bajo el patrocinio de lulac, una asociación de latinos de base ciudadana. Como organizadora de esta actividad, lulac entreteje redes sociales dentro de la comunidad hispanohablante, lo que ayuda a construir una identidad comunitaria y una memoria compartida. El certamen de belleza resalta el atractivo y los logros de las jóvenes de la comunidad latina. Los eventos de "la fiesta" están relacionados con asu...

  9. Beija-flores (Aves, Trochilidae e seus recursos florais em uma área urbana do Sul do Brasil Hummingbirds (Aves, Trochilidae and their flowers in an urban area of southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Baza Mendonça

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available A assembléia de flores visitadas por beija-flores e a partilha de recursos entre estas aves foram estudadas em uma área urbana do sul do Brasil. Vinte e duas espécies de plantas, em sua maioria exóticas e/ou não-ornitófilas, receberam visitas dos beija-flores. As espécies de beija-flores registradas apresentaram diferentes combinações de características morfológicas (massa, comprimento do bico, comprimento da asa e relação bico/asa, que refletiram no conjunto de flores exploradas e no papel comunitário desempenhado por cada espécie. De um modo geral, beija-flores com nichos tróficos mais amplos foram também os mais freqüentes na área de estudo, indicando que o ambiente urbano pode ser mais favorável às espécies generalistas.The main purpose of this study was to identify the assemblage of flowers used by hummingbirds in an urban area of southern Brazil, as well as describe the patterns of resource partitioning among the hummingbird species. Twenty two plant species were recorded, which flowers are visited by ten hummingbird species. Most of these plants are exotics and regarded as non-ornithophilous. The hummingbirds displayed different combinations of morphological features (mass, bill length, wing length and relation bill/wing, which were reflected in the sets of flowers visited and the community role played by each species. In general, hummingbirds with largest niche breadths were also the most frequent ones, indicating that urban areas could be more suitable for generalist species.

  10. Entomofauna asociada a flores de berenjena y su papel en la producción de los frutos Insects associated with eggplant flowers and their role in fruit production

    OpenAIRE

    Julianne Milléo; Thatyla L. B. Farago; Jana M. T. de Souza; Ivana de F. Barbola; Jonathan P. Castro

    2011-01-01

    El papel de los insectos polinizadores despierta interés, principalmente, en la reproducción de plantas tales como la berenjena. Este trabajo de recolección de la entomofauna asociada a las flores de Solanum melongena tuvo como objetivos identificar posibles agentes polinizadores locales y analizar el beneficio de los insectos antófilos a esta planta. Las observaciones y la colecta de los insectos visitantes de las flores fueron realizadas en febrero de 2008, entre las 7:00 y 17:15 horas, cad...

  11. FORM AND MEANING OF TI'I KA DISCOURSE IN MBASA WINI RITUAL OF RONGGA ETHNIC IN FLORES

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    Ni Wayan Sumitri

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the results of research on the form and meaning of Ti'i ka discourse (TD that is the food offering ritual to the ancestors in mbasa wini rituals in Rongga ethnic of Flores. Mbasa wini ritual is the new-year ritual of traditional agricultural in Rongga ethnic. Theoretical framework to guide is cultural linguistic supported by discourse, symbolic interactions and hermeneutics theories. This research is a descriptive study based on the philosophy of phenomenology. The location of the study is in the distribution of Rongga ethnic region with the main location in the Sambi Village sub-District of Kota Komba, East Manggarai regency. Methods of data collection are observation, interviews, and documentary studies. The data collection technique is recording and note-taking. The main data sources are Rongga ethnic residing in Sambi village that were represented by four key informants. The data were analyzed qualitatively using induction method. The results showed that the form and meaning of TD is unique in the context of the situation of mbasa wini ritual and socio-cultural context of Rongga ethnic. The specificity of the form is characterized by the use of complex sentences as meaning container that exposed Rongga ethnic conceptualization of the world. Type meanings include religious meaning, social, economic, and aesthetic. Religious significance related to the conceptualization of the existence of God, the spirit of ancestors, and nature spirits. The social significance is marked by the presence of people gathered as rituals participants and communication between them by using language of Rongga as a medium. Economic significance with regard to the economic system that was involved by Rongga ethnic is agricultural and farming systems. Political meaning is marked by power differences between ritual leaders and rites participants. Aesthetical meaning is reflected in the use of phonological parallelism in the form of assonance

  12. Cuphea melvilla Lindlay (Lythraceae: uma espécie do Cerrado polinizada por beija-flores Cuphea melvilla Lindlay (Lythraceae: a Cerrado species pollinated by hummingbirds

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    Ana Flávia de Oliveira Melazzo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cuphea melvilla é uma espécie peculiar dentro de um gênero majoritariamente melitófilo. Dois agrupamentos de indivíduos, em bordas das matas de galeria do Córrego do Panga, Uberlândia, MG, foram estudados com o objetivo de investigar o sistema de polinização e sistema de reprodução da espécie na região. O estudo foi realizado de janeiro a junho de 1999. Cuphea melvilla é uma espécie arbustiva com características morfológicas e eventos florais que confirmam sua adaptação à polinização por beija-flores. A floração foi longa, com início em Janeiro, em plena estação chuvosa, e término em Julho, no início da seca. O tubo floral formado pelo hipanto é calcarado na base, onde se acumula o néctar produzido por nectário localizado na base do ovário. As flores são marcadamente protândricas, mas flores em diferentes fases podem ser encontradas nos racemos. Os dados mostraram que a espécie é autocompatível e não apomítica, mas devido à dicogamia marcada, necessita polinização ativa para formar frutos. Phaethornis pretrei, Amazilia fimbriata, Thalurania furcata, Eupetomena macroura e Chlorostilbon lucidus (fêmea foram as espécies de beija-flores observadas visitando e polinizando as flores de C. melvilla. Amazilia fimbriata e C. lucidus apresentaram ocasionalmente comportamento territorial, P. pretrei apresentou forrageamento em linhas de captura, e T. furcata e E. macroura apresentaram forrageamento do tipo oportunístico, visitando as populações estudadas esporadicamente. Amazilia fimbriata, C. lucidus e P. pretrei foram considerados os polinizadores mais importantes, dada a sua constância. As características morfológicas das flores de Cuphea melvilla relacionadas a adaptações aos beija-flores parecem ser derivadas no gênero, sendo que a polinização por beija-flores nas distintas seções indica adaptação convergente a este modo de polinização.Cuphea melvilla is a peculiar species of a mostly

  13. Composição química e atividade antimicrobiana dos óleos essenciais das folhas e flores de Callistemon viminalis (sol. ex Gaertn. G. Don ex. Loudon (Myrtaceae

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    Cyndi Heleinne Pires

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo determinar a composição química e avaliar a atividade antimicrobiana dos óleos essenciais obtidos das folhas (frescas e secas e flores da Callistemon viminalis. Os óleos essenciais foram analisados por CG/EM. A concentração inibitória mínima (CIM foi determinada utilizando o método de microdiluição em caldo frente a bactérias Gram-positivas e Gram-negativas. De um total de 96,72%, 98,70% dos compostos identificados nos óleos essenciais foram monoterpenos. O 1,8-cineol foi o componente majoritário no óleo essencial das folhas frescas (70,43%, folhas secas (71,71% e flores (42,39%, seguido do tricicleno com 12,97% nas folhas frescas, 8,20% nas folhas secas e 28,08% nas flores. A CIM para todos os micro-organismos testados foi ≥ a 2.000 μg/mL. Esse estudo é o primeiro relato sobre a composição química e atividade antimicrobiana do óleo essencial das flores de C. viminalis.

  14. Caracterización morfológica de Gliricidia sepium, composición bromatológica y proporción de azúcares en sus flores

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    Leydi Fonte

    Full Text Available La investigación se realizó en la Estación Experimental de Pastos y Forrajes Indio Hatuey, con el fin de determinar las características morfológicas de Gliricidia sepium, así como la composición bromatológica y la proporción de azúcares en sus flores. Se midieron las siguientes variables: altura total, diámetro del tronco a la altura del pecho (DAP y ancho de la copa. Además, se estimó la cantidad de flores por árbol y por hectárea. En las flores colectadas se determinó la composición bromatológica: MS, PB, FB y Ca, la humedad y la lignina de Klason. El tamaño de muestra utilizado fue el 12 % del total (20 árboles y cada árbol constituyó una réplica. Los valores medios fueron: DAP de 44,7 cm; altura de 4,85 m; 295 racimos por árbol, con 34 flores como promedio cada uno; el total estimado fue de 10 030 flores por árbol y de 8 986 880 flores por hectárea. La MS fue de 8,69 %; FB, 32,57 %; lignina de Klason, 28,8 %; PB, 7,04 %; y Ca, 0,99 %. Como azúcares simples se detectaron la glucosa (4,82 % y la fructosa (10,36 %, mientras que la sacarosa mostró valores de 1,73 %. Se concluye que todos los árboles de G. sepium muestreados son típicos de la especie. Además, el porcentaje de MS de sus flores fue bajo, pero estas tuvieron un alto contenido de FB, PB, lignina de Klason y calcio. La fructosa fue el azúcar más abundante en el extracto y la sacarosa el más escaso.

  15. Optimización del tratamiento de aguas residuales de cultivos de flores usando humedales construidos de flujo subsuperficial horizontal

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    Mónica L. Jaramillo-Gallego

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Objetivo: optimizar un sistema de tratamiento de aguas residuales de cultivos de flores, con el fin de mejorar la eficiencia en la remoción de los contaminantes, usando humedales construidos de flujo subsuperficial-horizontal. Metodología: se realizó un estudio de tipo exploratorio experimental en dos etapas, en la primera se efectuó el acondicionamiento fisicoquímico y biológico del sistema de tratamiento, en la segunda, se llevó a cabo el seguimiento de la remoción de los contaminantes durante nueve meses, para lo cual se monitoreó la demanda química de oxígeno, demanda biológica de oxígeno, sólidos totales, sólidos suspendidos totales, pH y oxígeno disuelto. Resultados: Se logró mejorar la eficiencia del sistema de tratamiento en 7,1% para la Demanda biológica de oxígeno, 4,1% Demanda química de oxígeno, 56,9% sólidos totales y 117,2% solidos suspendidos totales. Conclusión: La concentración de DQO disminuyó con el tratamiento primario (Precipitación y oxidación química y favoreció la eficiencia del sistema de tratamiento secundario, dado que las aguas a tratar tenían valores muy altos de DQO que pueden saturar los humedales con contaminantes persistentes. Se podrían obtener mayores eficiencias, si se logra mejorar el sistema de tratamiento primario. Abstract Objective: to optimize the wastewater treatment system of flower crops in order to improve pollutant removal efficiency, using a horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland. Methodology: An exploratory experimental study was conducted in two stages; in the first stage the treatment system was conditioned physically, chemically and biologically. In the second stage pollutant removal was monitored for nine months. To achieve this, chemical oxygen demand, biological oxygen demand, total solids, total suspended solids, pH and dissolved oxygen were monitored. Results: It was possible to improve the efficiency of the treatment system in 7.1% for

  16. Produção de flores cortadas no estado de Minas Gerais Production of cut flowers in the state o Minas Gerais

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    Paulo Roberto Correa Landgraf

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available As flores de corte são importantes produtos da floricultura brasileira, as características da produção mineira são, no entanto, desconhecidas. Objetivou-se realizar um estudo da produção de flores de corte no estado de Minas Gerais, aplicou-se um questionário aos produtores do Estado , no período de 2003 a 2005. As visitas foram feitas in loco e os produtores foram identificados por meio de visitas nas áreas produtivas e os questionários foram respondidos por eles próprios. Analisando-se as respostas contidas nos questionários, identificou-se que a produção de flores de corte no estado de Minas Gerais é uma atividade realizada por 188 produtores, numa área plantada de aproximadamente 290,6836 ha As principais espécies cultivadas no Estado são: rosa (151,5710, sempre-vivas (57,26 ha, copo-de-leite (16,0255 ha, cravo (12,6290 ha e helicônia (11,7600 ha. A produção é vendida para o todo o Brasil e também exportada para países da Europa, Ásia e América do Norte. Os principais produtos exportados são: rosas de corte, orquídeas de corte e sempre-vivas.Cut flowers are important products of Brazilian floriculture. The characteristics of Minas Gerais production are, nevertheless, unknown. So, with the purpose of performing a study of the cut flower production in the state of Minas Gerais, a questionnaire was applied to flower growers of Minas Gerais state, in the period of 2003 to 2005. The visits were paid in loco and the growers were identified by means of visits to the flower-growing areas and the questionnaires were answered by them. By analyzing the answers contained in the questionnaires, it was identified that the cut flower production in the state of Minas Gerais is a business accomplished by 188 growers in a planted area of about 290.6836 ha. The main species grown in the state are: rose (151.5710 ha, sempre-vivas (57.26 ha, cala lilly flowers (16.0255 ha, carnation (12.6290 ha and heliconia (11.7600 ha. The

  17. Atividade de alguns insetos em flores de Brassica napus L. em Dourados-MS e a interação com fatores climáticos

    OpenAIRE

    Mussury,Rosilda Mara; Fernandes,Wedson Desiderio; Scalon,Silvana de Paula Quintão

    2003-01-01

    Objetivou-se estudar a flutuação populacional, horários de visitação e a interação com fatores climáticos de insetos visitantes de flores de Brassica napus L. em diversos estádios fenológicos. O trabalho foi realizado em Dourados, MS, Brasil. Os insetos foram coletados com rede entomológica de 30 cm de diâmetro, a cada duas horas, no período de 7 as 17 horas. Foram coletadas as abelhas Apis mellifera, Linnaeus, 1758, Trigona sp., o vespídeo Brachygastra lecheguana (Latreille - 1824) e uma esp...

  18. Intérêt de l'étude de la flore des diatomées du lieu de submersion dans le diagnostic de noyade

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    LUDES B.

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available La recherche de diatomées dans les tissus de la victime pour contribuer au diagnostic de noyade doit être accompagnée de l'analyse d'un échantillon d'eau prélevé sur les lieux de précipitation ou de découverte du corps. Cet échantillon permet d'établir un inventaire représentatif de la flore du lieu de découverte ou de submersion, et d'effectuer les comparaisons avec les taxons trouvés dans les tissus. De plus, la détermination de taxons dominants dans l'échantillon d'eau peut avoir une valeur indicative du lieu de découverte.

  19. Visita de abejas (Apis mellifera, Hymenoptera: Apoidea) a flores de melón Cucumis melo (Cucurvitaceae) en Panamá

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Carlos Di Trani de la Hoz

    2007-01-01

    Se observaron las visitas observadas a flores seleccionadas en un cultivo del Distrito de San Lorenzo, Chiriquí, del 6 de Enero y el 19 de Febrero del 2002, desde las 6:30 am hasta las 4:30 pm, y se anotaron características de las visita, como el tiempo de visita y el tipo de recurso colectado. Las visitas fueron mayormente para la recolección de néctar (casi 3/4). La recolección de polen se concentró hacia las primeras horas de la mañana, cesando definitivamente a las 11:00 am. El tiempo med...

  20. The formation of a new landscape in Post-roman Central Iberia: the Site of La Genestosa (Casillas de Flores, Salamanca

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    Iñaki Martín Viso

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on the data from archaeological surveys at La Genestosa (Casillas de Flores, Salamanca in 2012 and 2013. The study of the uncovered material (pottery, glasses, numerical slates, the interpretation of building techniques and pollen analysis provided information about the dynamics of rural landscape in Central Iberia. The initiative of peasant groups, colonization for farming of some spaces of flexible use, which involved the creation of new settlements. The coincidence with the early medieval cold episode (450-950 AD implied that some wetlands became critical for livestock purposes. As a result, settlement patterns would be determined by the closewith internal social differences, was the cause of an internal ness of those areas.

  1. Contribución al conocimiento del estilo de vida de las poblaciones de la Quebrada de Humahuaca; el Sitio Flores

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    Seldes, Verónica

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presentan los resultados preliminares del análisis de un conjunto de restos óseos humanos recuperados en un rescate realizado en el año 2003 en una vivienda de la localidad de Tilcara. El sitio ha sido denominado "Flores 1" y se adscribe tentantivamente a finales del período Formativo Tardío (500-900 dC. y comienzos del Período de Desarrollos Regionales 1 (900-1200 dC.. El objetivo de este trabajo se centra en la realización de aportes al conocimiento del estilo de vida de las poblaciones que habitaron la Quebrada de Humahuaca antes del 1200 dC., momentos para los cuales, por las características del registro, se cuenta con poca evidencia tanto arqueológica como bioarqueológica. El material exhumado en Flores 1 proviene de al menos tres eventos de inhumación diferentes y se recuperaron un total de 6 individuos entre los cuales se identificaron cuatro adultos, un infantil y un neonato. El análisis focaliza distintos indicadores bioarqueológicos: Estrés Nutricional, Dieta, Estrés Funcional y Traumas, los cuales brindan importante información para la determinación del estado de salud y el estilo de vida de los individuos aquí representados. Los individuos que componen esta muestra no parecen haber estado expuestos a eventos de estrés nutricional y su dieta se correspondería con lo esperado para poblaciones agropastoriles. Presentan al mismo tiempo evidencias de estrés funcional pero frecuencia de traumas.

  2. Método para avaliação da potencialidade ornamental de flores e folhagens de corte nativas e não convencionais.

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    Elisabeth R. Tempel Stumpf

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Para garantir o êxito no mercado de novos produtos da Floricultura, é preciso estabelecer critérios objetivos de escolha das características ornamentais desejáveis. Este trabalho tem como objetivo propor e validar um método para a avaliação do potencial ornamental de plantas nativas e não-convencionais, para uso como flores e folhagens de corte. A partir de uma planilha de avaliação especialmente elaborada para tal fim, foi testado o grau de potencialidade ornamental de 11 espécies nativas do Rio Grande do Sul, resultante do somatório das notas dadas para cada uma das dez características escolhidas por sua importância para a arte floral e para o mercado. Para a validação da eficácia do método, foi efetuada uma pesquisa de opinião on line. Andropogon bicornis, Baccharis articulata, B. usterii, Eryngium ebracteatum, E. eriophorum, E. sanguisorba, Hypericum connatum, Limonium brasiliense, Myrsine umbellata, Schinus lentiscifolius e S. terebinthifolius receberam pontuação superior a 70 pontos, sendo categorizadas como de alta potencialidade ornamental. A eficácia da escolha destas espécies com base em atributos estéticos visuais ficou comprovada nos resultados obtidos pela aplicação da planilha e posteriormente validados pela pesquisa de opinião. Os resultados indicam que o método aqui proposto é uma ferramenta eficaz para avaliar o grau de potencialidade ornamental de flores e folhagens de corte nativas e não-convencionais

  3. Estado peronista y cooperativismo eléctrico: El caso de la Cooperativa Eléctrica de Las Flores entre 1946 y 1951

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    Luis Rodrigo La Scaleia

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El rubro de la electricidad fue uno de los sectores más dinámicos para la transformación económica que experimentó la Argentina en la década del 40. Al mismo tiempo fue una de las ramas en las que se desarrolló más fuertemente el cooperativismo, que jugó un papel esencial en la provisión de energía eléctrica, fuera de los grandes centros urbanos. En este trabajo se estudia el desenvolvimiento de la Cooperativa Eléctrica de Las Flores destinada al suministro de energía del partido homónimo, en el interior de la Provincia de Buenos Aires entre 1946 y 1951. Finalmente el trabajo analiza la política energética primero en la Provincia de Buenos Aires durante al Gobierno de Domingo Mercante y segundo en el ámbito nacional, durante la primera presidencia de Juan Perón.The sector of electricity was one of the more dynamics for the economic transformation, which Argentine had experimented in the 40ies. At the same time, it was a brnch in which the cooperativism was strongly developed, being extremely important for the provision of electric energy, out of the huge urben centres. In this work it is studied the development of the electric cooperative of Las Flores destinated to the suministry of energy of the similar district, in the inner of the Buenos Aires Province between 1946 and 1951. Finally the study analyses the energetic politic, firstly in the Province of Buenos Aires during Domingo Mercante's government and secondly in the national circuit, during Juan Perón's presidency.

  4. Patrimony and production in the rural environments of Buenos Aires. San José de Flores, 1800-1875 Patrimonio y producción en los entornos rurales de Buenos Aires. San José de Flores, 1800-1875

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    Valeria Ciliberto

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present article, I aim to reconstruct the productive characteristics of the crop and grain farms in San Jose de Flores district through the analysis of the information provided by wills and testaments and postmortem inventories. In addition, I approach the study of the investment schemes of the proprietors and/or tenants of these farms in order to outline a socioeconomic and political profile, focusing on those tenants that have obtained the legal property of the lands.En el presente artículo reconstruimos a partir de la información proporcionada por testamentos e inventarios post mortem las características productivas de los establecimientos frutihortícolas y cerealeros del partido de San José de Flores. Abordamos, además, el estudio de los esquemas de inversión de los propietarios y/o arrendatarios de estas unidades esbozando su perfil socioeconómico y político, deteniéndonos especialmente en aquellos que han accedido a la propiedad legal de los terrenos.

  5. First record of the behavior of latex drainage by Trigona spinipes (Fabricius (Hymenoptera, Apidae in laticiferous flowers Primeiro registro do comportamento de drenagem de latex de Trigona spinipes (Fabricius (Hymenoptera, Apidae em flores latescentes

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    Cristiana Koschnitzke

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the behavior of the bee Trigona spinipes, to avoid the latex, when piercing the base of the tubular corolla of the flowers of Mandevilla guanabarica in order to steal the nectar.Este trabalho descreve o comportamento da abelha Trigona spinipes para evitar o látex quando perfura a base da corola tubular das flores de Mandevilla guanabarica ao roubar néctar.

  6. Visita de abejas (Apis mellifera, Hymenoptera: Apoidea a flores de melón Cucumis melo (Cucurvitaceae en Panamá

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    Juan Carlos Di Trani de la Hoz

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Se observaron las visitas observadas a flores seleccionadas en un cultivo del Distrito de San Lorenzo, Chiriquí, del 6 de Enero y el 19 de Febrero del 2002, desde las 6:30 am hasta las 4:30 pm, y se anotaron características de las visita, como el tiempo de visita y el tipo de recurso colectado. Las visitas fueron mayormente para la recolección de néctar (casi 3/4. La recolección de polen se concentró hacia las primeras horas de la mañana, cesando definitivamente a las 11:00 am. El tiempo medio de recolección fue similar para ambos recursos, pero fue marcadamente distinto para cada sexo floral. Las visitas a flores femeninas fueron significativamente (Prueba t Student, pBee (Apis mellifera, Hymenoptera: Apoidea visitation to cantaloupe Cucumis melo (Cucurvitaceae flowers in Panama. Flower visits by bees were observed in a melon cultivated field of San Lorenzo district, in Chiriquí, Panama, from January 6 to February 19, 2002, from 6:30 am to 4:30 pm We recorded the duration of each foraging event and the type of resource collected. Flower visits were mostly for nectar collection (∼75 %. Pollen foraging was concentrated in the first hours of the morning and ended by 11:00 am The mean collection time was similar for both food resources, but was different between flower sexes. Flower visits to female flowers took longer (Student's t test, p<0.0001, with a mean time duration of 8.4±4.4 s, whereas in male flowers mean visitation time was of 4.0±1.5 s. Finally, the mean time for each floral sex remained practically constant through the evolution of the crop. Our results were similar to the found ones in temperate zone crops, so apparently tropical conditions of Panama do not change the bee visit patterns on melon flowers. Rev. Biol. Trop. 55 (2: 677-680. Epub 2007 June, 29.

  7. Post-harvest longevity of Oncidium varicosum (Orchidaceae flowers/ Longevidade pós-colheita de flores de Oncidium varicosum (Orchidaceae

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    Ricardo Tadeu Faria

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Oncidium varicosum from the Orchidaceae family has been widely used as pot flower, and, most recently, as cut flower. The objective of this work was to evaluate the longevity of the Oncidium varicosum, due to its low post-harvest resistance, after being conditioned in preservation solutions with different concentrations of sucrose. Oncidium varicosum stems grown in Holambra (SP were transported to Londrina (PR in climatized trucks at 5-7oC. Pre-treatment with pulsing (15% sucrose for 24 hours followed by conditioning in maintenance solution (1, 2, 3, and 4% of sucrose as well as conditioning in maintenance solution without pre-treatment were evaluated. Flower stems were distributed in an entirely casualized design, with ten treatments and five replications. Flowers were evaluated daily, using a score system developed to compare and verify the conservation of visual aspects. No treatment was superior to the control in maintaining the longevity of the flowers.A orquídea Oncidium varicosum é bastante utilizada como flor de vaso e atualmente vem se destacando como flor de corte. Devido sua baixa resistência pós-colheita, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a longevidade de Oncidium varicosum após o acondicionamento em soluções conservantes com diferentes concentrações de sacarose. As hastes de Oncidium varicosum, produzidas em Holambra (SP, foram transportadas para Londrina (PR em caminhão climatizado a 5-7°C. Foram avaliadas a utilização de prétratamento com “pulsing” (15% de sacarose por 24 horas seguido de acondicionamento em solução de manutenção (1, 2, 3 e 4% de sacarose e o acondicionamento em solução de manutenção sem prétratamento. As hastes florais foram distribuídas em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com dez tratamentos e cinco repetições. As avaliações das flores foram diárias, sob critério de notas definido para comparar e verificar a conservação dos aspectos visuais. Nenhum dos tratamentos

  8. Abelhas (Hymenoptera: apoidea visitantes das flores de goiaba em pomar comercial in Salinas, MG Bee diversity in a commercial guava orchard in Salinas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

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    Rosemeire Alves Guimarães

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available As abelhas são responsáveis por cerca de 80% a 100% da polinização de culturas agrícolas, especialmente aquelas relacionadas com a produção de sementes e frutos. A investigação da diversidade de abelhas em pomares de goiaba pode ser subsídio para estratégias de incremento da produtividade. Nesta perspectiva, o objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a diversidade de abelhas visitantes das flores de goiaba (Psidium guajava, em pomar comercial em Salinas (MG. O trabalho foi desenvolvido em maio de 2005 e foram coletadas as abelhas visitantes das flores nos horários entre 6h e 18h, totalizando-se 44 horas de coleta. Coletaram-se 705 abelhas de 17 espécies, sendo Trigona spinipes a mais freqüente e dominante na cultura da goiaba. Apis mellifera, Melipona quadrifasciata e Tetragonisca angustula foram consideradas acessórias. Aproximadamente 84% dos indivíduos foram coletados da manhã, de 6h às 10h.Pollination is an important factor in agricultural systems, especially in growing fruits and seed production, which depend greatly on bee visiting during blossom season; highly successful gains within these activities varies between 80 and nearly 100 per cent, owing to the bees. The assessment of bee diversity in commercial orchards of guava may contribute to a more desirable strategic design and consequent improvement of production. The aim of the study was identify the diversity of visiting bees to guava flowers (Psidium guajava in a commercial orchard in Salinas, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The work was carried during blossom season of May - 2005. Field works occurred between 6:00 am to 6:00 pm, counting with 44 hours of collection, when 705 bees were collected. The richness observed was of 17 species, the most frequent and dominant being Trigona spinipes. Among the collection there were some considered accessory species: Apis mellifera, Melipona quadrifasciata and Tetragonisca angustula. Most of individual bees have been captured

  9. Angiogenic activity of Calendula officinalis flowers L. in rats Atividade angiogênica das flores da Calendula officinalis L. em ratos

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    Leila Maria Leal Parente

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In this work, angiogenic activity of Calendula officinalis L. (Asteraceae ethanolic extract and dichloromethane and hexanic fractions were evaluated, considering medicinal properties, especially healing activity, are attributed to this plant. Methods: Models using 36 rats and 90 embryonated eggs were used to evaluate healing and angiogenic activities of extracts and fractions of the plant, through the induction of skin wounds and the chorioallantoic membrane, respectively. The effect of vascular proliferation was also tested from the study to verify the intensity of expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF in cutaneous wounds in rats. Results: The angiogenic activity of the extract and the fractions was evidenced in both experimental models. It was verified that this effect is not directly related to the expression of VEGF and it could be associated to other pro-angiogenic factors. Conclusion: The healing activity referred to C. officinalis is related, among other factors, to its positive effect on angiogenesis, characterized by the induction of neovascularization.Objetivo: Neste trabalho a atividade sobre a angiogênese do extrato etanólico (EEC e das frações diclorometano e hexânica das flores de Calendula officinalis L. (Asteraceae cultivada no Brasil foram avaliados, visto que propriedades medicinais têm sido atribuídas às flores da planta, destacando-se a atividade cicatrizante. Métodos: Modelos utilizando 36 ratos e 90 ovos embrionados foram usados para avaliar as atividades cicatrizante e angiogênica dos extratos e frações da planta, por meio da indução de feridas cutâneas e da membrana corioalantóide, respectivamente. O efeito proliferativo vascular foi também testado a partir do estudo imunoistoquímico, realizado para verificar a intensidade da expressão do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF na derme de ratos. Resultados: A atividade angiogênica do extrato e das frações foi

  10. Etnografías de la Muerte y las Culturas en América Latina (Juan Antonio Flores Martos y Luisa Abad González, Coord.

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    Lorenzo Mariano Juárez

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Curiosamente, la muerte ha sido usualmente pensada y construida desde perspectivas y lógicas universalizadoras como uno de los escasos acontecimientos comunes a la humanidad, una visión estruendosa que ha dotado a la muerte de cierto carácter homogeneizador que en muchas ocasiones vela sentimientos y opaca la riqueza que atesoran matices y susurros particulares. Mucho tiempo ha transcurrido desde el trabajo pionero en antropología de Robert Hertz y la muerte se ha constituido en estas décadas como un campo temático clásico de la disciplina. Los coordinadores de este libro, Juan Antonio Flores Martos y Luisa Abad González –de la Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha- , hoy lo hacen presente, presentándonos una serie de trabajos encaminados hacia la ruptura de esa visión uniforme y gris de la muerte en el contexto general de la actual y convulsa América Latina.

  11. FAMILY FARMERS AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS: THE CASE OF WINEMAKERS LINVING IN FLORES DA CUNHA – RS - BRAZIL

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    Alexandre Troian

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available : In the face of the constant development of Brazilian wine market, Gauchos producers have been organizing to provide the demands on the volume and quality of final product commercialized. Especially, these economic agents confront challenges inherent in agribusiness, such as the difficulty of access to information and opportunistic behavior from transactional partners. Therefore, the study aims to understand the decision-making process of the family farmers that produce grapes in the mountainous region of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, as a function of socioeconomic scenario of the production chain and the efficiency of production units. To this end, information was collected on existing studies about the production chain and interviews were conducted with eleven producers living in Flores da Cunha city. It is emphasized that the process of decision making of economic agents is conducted in the collective of the family, more focused on everyday issues. However, prevailing the peculiarities of limited rationality of economic agents. Therefore, always oriented to the achievement of greater efficiency of the productive activity and social welfare of the family, the decisions reflect the broad range of objective and subjective aspects surrounding farmers, in accordance with the technical and economic performances and between production systems that compose the rural property.

  12. Putineşti, raionul Floreşti – eine Siedlung der Sântana-de-Mureş-Kultur im Norden der Republik Moldau. Ein Vorbericht

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    Hans-Ulrich Voss

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The History and Geography Faculty of the „Ion Creangă” State Pedagogical University of Chişinău (Moldova, the Romisch-Germanische Kommission des Deutschen Archaologischen Instituts, Frankfurt am Main (Germany, and the Bonn University has continued during Summer 2015 the investigation of a late Roman/early Migration period settlement of the Santana-de-Mureş-Culture (c. AD 230 - 430/450 on the southern slope of the Cubolta Valley at Putinești, raionul Florești. The site is part of an area of settlement some 9,0 km long on the eastern edge of the Cubolta-valley, an area intensively colonized already in prehistoric times (Neolithic, Bronze Age. The Late Antiquity settlement is already known from previous fieldwork. During the last year, geomagnetic prospections and aerial photogrammetry procedures were performed. A two-chamber pottery-kiln for specialized production of the characteristic wheel-made pottery was detected during the geomagnetic prospection and documented in drill profiles.

  13. DIVERSIDAD DE LEVADURAS ASOCIADAS A INFLORESCENCIAS DE MANGO Y FLORES DE 'LULO ARBÓREO' DIVERSIDADE DE LEVEDURAS ASSOCIADAS A INFLORESCÊNCIAS DE MANGA E FLORES DE 'LULO ARBÓREO' YEAST DIVERSITY ASSOCIATED TO INFLORESCENCES OF MANGO AND FLOWERS OF 'LULO ARBOREO'

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    JACKELINE GAVIRIA V.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia, el conocimiento de levaduras ha sido limitado a especies de interés clínico. El micro-hábitat aéreo de las flores, presenta un área de gran interés para el aislamiento de levaduras con importancia en el campo industrial, por su potencial uso como controlador biológico. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la diversidad de levaduras asociadas a inflorescencia de Mango (Mangífera índica y flores de Lulo arbóreo (Solanum wrightii. Para dicha finalidad se trabajó con 96 aislados, a los cuales se les realizó caracterización fenotípica y posteriores pruebas de MSP-PCR Fingerprinting. Estas pruebas fueron complementadas con amplificación parcial y secuenciación del segmento 26S del ADNr para identificación a nivel de especie. El patrón de diversidad encontrado refleja una dominancia de la especie Candida leandrae en flores de lulo arbóreo, también se presentaron especies como Cryptococcus laurentii, Candida parazyma, Aeurobasidium pullulans y Pseudozyma tsukubaensis. Las inflorescencias de mango presentaron especies como Sydowia eucalypti, Cryptococcus flavescens, C. laurentii, C. nemorosus, C. heveanensis, Pichia kluyveri, Pseudozyma tsukubaensis y Candida asparagi. Se logró identificar hasta el nivel taxonómico de especie el total de los aislados encontrados, además se hallaron especies con potencial uso biotecnológico.Na Colômbia, o conhecimento das leveduras é limitado a espécies de interesse clinico. O micro-habitat aéreo das flores apresenta um interessante campo para o isolamento de leveduras com importância na indústria pelo seu potencial uso em controle biológico. O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a diversidade de leveduras associadas a inflorescências de Manga (Mangifera indica e flores de 'lulo' (Solanum wrightii. Para isso, foram analisados 96 isolados, que foram caracterizados com testes fenotípicos e MSP-PCR Fingerprinting complementadas com sequenciamento parcial da região 26S do r

  14. Programa e estratégia da revolução mexicana em Ricardo Flores Magón

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    Fabio Santos

    2010-12-01

    ="Subtle Emphasis" />

    No decênio anterior a explosão da Revolução Mexicana (1910, Ricardo Flores Magón (1874-1922 liderou o Partido Liberal Mexicano em uma trajetória de radicalização política e ideológica, evoluindo da denúncia de cunho jurídico dos abusos da ditadura até afirmar-se como oposição revolucionária ao Porfiriato. Constrangido ao exílio nos Estados Unidos, Ricardo planejou duas

  15. Diversidade de abelhas visitantes das flores de Citrus em pomares de laranjeira e tangerineira Diversity of flowers visiting bees of Citrus in salinas, state of minas gerais

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    Eduardo Tigre do Nascimento

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A presença de abelhas em culturas de valor comercial, no período de florescimento, é importante não apenas para garantir a polinização cruzada, quando indispensável, mas também para incrementar a produção de frutos e sementes. Nessa perspectiva, o presente trabalho teve a finalidade de identificar as abelhas visitantes das flores em pomar de laranjeira (Citrus sinensis e tangerineira (Citrus reticulata em Salinas - MG. O trabalho foi conduzido na fazenda experimental Santa Isabel, da Escola Agrotécnica Federal de Salinas - MG, em pomares de laranjeira com as variedades, pera, baía e baianinha, e de tangerineira, variedade poncã. As coletas das abelhas visitantes das culturas da laranjeira e tangerineira foram feitas nas floradas principais, entre os meses de agosto e outubro. Foram coletadas as abelhas que visitaram as flores nos horários entre 06 h e 18 h, totalizando 52 horas na laranjeira e 50 horas na tangerineira. No pomar de laranjeira, foram coletados 5.045 espécimes com riqueza de 12 espécies, e na tangerineira, 1.428 espécimes com 20 espécies. As espécies de abelhas de maior predominância e dominância em todos os horários amostrados foram Apis mellifera e Trigona spinipes na cultura da laranjeira e A. mellifera, T. spinipes e Tetragonisca angustula na cultura da tangerineira.The presence of bees on cultures with commercial value during flowering is important to ensure the cross-pollination, when necessary, but also to increase the production of fruits and seeds. This work aimed to identify flowers' visiting bees on orange and tangerine orchards in Salinas - MG. The work was leaded on Santa Isabel experimental farm of the Federal Agro-technical School of Salinas - MG, on orange orchards (Citrus sinensis with pear, bahia and baianinha varieties in the spacing of 5,0 x 6,0, and on tangerine orchards (C. reticulate using poncã variety in the spacing of 5,0 x 5,0. The sampling of visiting bees from orange and tangerine

  16. Morphology and anatomy of flowers and seeds of Lippia alba Morfología y anatomía de las flores y semillas de pronto alivio

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    Sánchez Manuel Salvador

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available For description three accesions of L. alba from Llanos Orientales and Valle (Colombia and Costa Rica (Central America were used. The inflorescences are simples and racemoses. The flowers are small, sessiles, lilac color, disposed trought of the rachis, localizated in the axillas, coupled and apposited. The flowers in primary, secondary and tertiary branches present two white sepals, pubescents with 1.5 mm of length. There is a green bract covering the sepals with a length between 3.0 and 5.0 mm. An openned flower measures up to 7.0 mm and between 3.0 and 4.0 mm of wide. They are gamopetalous, zygomorphic, pubescents, tubulars, bilabiates, with four petals, hypogynous, syncarpic gynaeceum with two carpels, upper ovary, white-green style, yellow - greenish stigma. The anthers measure 0.2 mm of length. The fruit is a diachene, with two small seeds, its fruit size is around 2.0 mm of length and 1.8 mm of wide; white, hard and dry coffee pericarp, pubescent and hard epicarp. The seed had a triangular form which measure between 0,8 mm in length and 0,3 mm wide. Keywords: Lippia alba, Verbenaceae, floral biology, seeds.En la descripción se utilizaron tres accesiones de Lippia alba provenientes de Llanos Orientales y Valle (Colombia y Costa Rica (Centro América. Las inflorescencias son espigas racemosas simples, de flores sésiles, color lila pálido y dispuestas a lo largo del raquis, localizadas en las axilas, en pares y opuestas. Las flores dispuestas en ramas principales, secundarias y terciarias presentan dos sépalos blancos, pubescentes y miden 1.5 mm de longitud. Cubriendo cada par de sépalos hay una bráctea verde, ovada y posee una longitud entre 3 y 5 mm. Una flor abierta mide hasta 7.0 mm y entre 3 y 4 mm de ancho. Son gamopétalas, zigomorfas, pubescentes, tubulares, de color lila, bilabiadas, con cuatro pétalos, hipóginas, gineceo sincárpico y bicarpelar, ovario súpero, verde blanquecino, estilo blanquecino y estigma amarillo

  17. Actividad antiinflamatoria de flores y hojas de Caesalpinia pulcherrima L. (Swartz Anti-inflammatory activity of flowers and leaves of Caesalpinia pulcherrima L. (Swartz

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    Germán Eduardo Matiz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Partes aéreas de la planta Caesalpinia pulcherrima L. (Swartz han sido usadas en medicina tradicional al sur del Departamento de Cundinamarca para el tratamiento de afecciones inflamatorias. Objetivo: Evaluar la actividad antiinflamatoria de flores, hojas y frutos verdes de Caesalpinia pulcherrima para cuantificar su actividad antiinflamatoria en modelos murinos de inflamación aguda y subcrónica. Metodología: Este estudio cuantificó la actividad antiinflamatoria de diferentes extractos de tejidos aéreos de esta especie encontrada en Colombia por dos modelos de inflamación aguda, el edema auricular inducido por TPA (acetato de 12-O-tetradecanoil-forbol y el edema plantar inducido por carragenina; así como el modelo de inflamación sub-crónico de granuloma inducido por pellet de algodón. Resultados: Los extractos de flores mostraron la mayor actividad antiinflamatoria en el modelo del TPA, en tanto que las hojas fueron más efectivas en disminuir el granuloma, en el modelo del pellet de algodón. No se observó ninguna actividad antiinflamatoria de ningún extracto en el modelo de carragenina. Los frutos verdes no mostraron actividad en ningún modelo. Conclusión: Los resultados demostraron la efectividad que el uso etnobotánico le atribuye a esta planta. Los extractos activos obtenidos mostraron el potencial uso de esta planta en la fabricación fitoterapéuticos efectivos. Salud UIS 2011; 43 (3: 281-287Introduction: Aerial parts of Caesalpinia pulcherrima L. (Swartz have been used in traditional medicine in southern Cundinamarca Department for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Objective: Evaluate the antiinflammatory activity of flowers, leaves and green fruits of the plant to quantify inflammatory activity of acute and subchronic murine inflammation models. Methodology: This study quantified the anti-inflammatory activity of different extracts of aerial tissues of this species for two models of acute

  18. A partilha do eu como pragmática da enunciação e performance narrativa contemporânea no romance Flores Artificiais

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    Valéria Gomes Ignácio

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa a estratégia narrativa que engendra o romance Flores artificiais, de Luiz Ruffato, referenciada no desenraizamento e no despertencimento que caracterizam o sujeito na contemporaneidade. O constante e irreversível deslocamento geográfico que articula as inúmeras vozes e pontos de vista presentes nas micronarrativas que compõem a obra mobiliza um narrador também em trânsito, responsável por organizar um imbricado jogo entre as personas do eu/tu e do ele/eles para construir uma nova pragmática da enunciação. Em uma travessia pontuada por máscaras de representação e desdobramento de consciências, o não-lugar de fala de personagens superpostas revela uma fragmentação não apenas do sujeito, mas também da memória, tornada imagem, e do tempo. A espacialidade impressa na estrutura narrativa sugere o estilhaçamento e a descontinuidade da experiência em seu incessante e errante movimento de significação do anonimato contemporâneo. Na busca de uma construção identitária, por meio de um projeto literário centrado na reorganização da linguagem como premissa, é a relação entre alteridades e rastros a estratégia narrativa capaz de desvelar a partilha do eu.

  19. Triagem fitoquímica e avaliação da atividade antibacteriana de extratos das flores de Sambucus nigra L. (Caprifoliaceae

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    A.K. MATTE

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO O presente trabalho teve como objetivo realizar a triagem fitoquímica e avaliar a atividade antibacteriana de extratos das flores de Sambucus nigraL. Os extratos; aquoso (10 %, etanólico (5 % e Acetato de etila (5 % foram submetidos a testes colorimétricos para triagem fitoquímica e a avaliação da atividade antibacteriana foi realizada pelo método de disco-difusão em ágar. Os resultados mostraram que nas concentrações de 6 e 12 mg o extrato aquoso apresentou halos significativos de inibição para Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Streptococcus pyogenes, porém, quando comparado aos medicamentos usados como referência a atividade não foi satisfatória, e, ainda, evidenciou a ausência de inibição para todas as cepas testadas com o aumento da concentração para 18 e 24 mg. A análise da triagem fitoquímica evidenciou a presença de flavonoides com intensa reação de cor no extrato aquoso e etanólico, e de fraca intensidade no extrato acetato de etila. Nos mesmos extratos, pelos testes realizados, não foram detectados taninos, saponinas, antraquinonas e alcaloides. Concluiu-se que o extrato aquoso apresentou melhor efeito inibitório para Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Streptococcus pyogenes, porém insuficiente para promover a inativação eficiente quando comparado aos controles.

  20. Horta um Instrumento Pedagógico na Escola Municipal Jardim das Flores: Um Aliada na Educação Ambiental

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    Jonis Franklin Leite dos Santos

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-0221.2014v11n17p152 O projeto foi realizado com aos alunos do ensino fundamental da Escola Municipal Jardim das Flores, localizada em Alta Floresta – MT, no período de março a dezembro de 2011. Teve por objetivo mostrar a importância do alimento saudável no cultivo de hortaliças e reaproveitamento de resíduos orgânicos domiciliar na produção de húmus através da compostagem. Para o plantio das hortaliças e leguminosas foram realizada entrevista com uma amostra representativa de 100 estudantes do ensino fundamental, escolhido pela coordenação da escola, dando preferência no plantio, àquelas que obtiveram maior aceitabilidade pelos entrevistados. As de maior destaque foram alface, couve e almeirão, e as de menor são a rúcula e o coentro. As verduras desejadas com maior frequência na alimentação domiciliar foram à alface, repolho e almeirão. As de menor indicação são a cebolinha e a rúcula. 90% dos educando que participaram do projeto, estão praticando a utilização dos resíduos domésticos e outros resíduos na confecção da compostagem domiciliar.

  1. Improving knowledge and behaviours related to the cause, transmission and prevention of Tuberculosis and early case detection: a descriptive study of community led Tuberculosis program in Flores, Indonesia

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    Christa Dewi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The community’s awareness of Tuberculosis (TB and delays in health care seeking remain important issues in Indonesia despite the extensive efforts of community-based TB programs delivered by a non-government organisation (NGO. This study explored the knowledge and behaviours in relation to TB and early diagnosis before and after an asset-based intervention designed to improve these issues. Methods Six villages in Flores, Indonesia were purposively selected to participate in this study. Three villages served as intervention villages and the other three villages provided a comparison group. Data collection included interviews, group discussions, observations, field notes and audit of records. Results In total, 50 participants across six villages were interviewed and three group discussions were conducted in the intervention villages supplemented by 1 – 5 h of observation during monthly visits. Overall, participants in all villages had limited knowledge regarding the cause and transmission of TB before the intervention. The delay in health seeking behaviour was mainly influenced by ignorance of TB symptoms. Health care providers also contributed to delayed diagnosis by ignoring the symptoms of TB suspects at the first visit and failing to examine TB suspects with sputum tests. Stigmatisation of TB patients by the community was reported, although this did not seem to be common. Early case detection was less than 50 % in four of the six villages before the asset-based intervention. Knowledge of TB improved after the intervention in the intervention villages alongside improved education activities. Early case detection also increased in the intervention villages following this intervention. The behaviour changes related to prevention of TB were also obvious in the intervention villages but not the comparison group. Conclusion This small project demonstrated that an asset-based intervention can result in positive changes in

  2. OCORRÊNCIA E DURAÇÃO DAS TEMPERATURAS MÍNIMAS DIÁRIA DO AR PREJUDICIAIS À FECUNDAÇÃO DAS FLORES DO ARROZ EM SANTA MARIA, RS. l - PROBABILIDADES DE OCORRÊNCIA

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    Galileo Adeli Buriol

    1991-04-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Utilizando os valores das temperaturas mínimas diárias do ar registradas na Estação Climatológica Principal de Santa Maria, RS, determinou-se as probabilidades de ocorrência do número de dias, por decêndio ou mês, das seqüências de varias durações e da duração da maior seqüência de dias consecutivos, em cada mês, com temperaturas mínimas do ar prejudiciais à fecundação das flores da cultura do arroz (Oriza sativa L.. Os resultados evidenciam que na época de floração existe risco de ocorrência de temperaturas mínimas do ar prejudiciais à fecundação das flores do arroz e que este risco é menor no mês de fevereiro.

  3. Interactions between carpenter bees and orchid bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae in flowers of Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl. (Lecythidaceae Interações entre abelhas carpinteiras e abelhas das orquídeas (Hymenoptera: Apidae em flores de Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl. (Lecythidaceae

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    Charles Fernando dos Santos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Competition between two species of bees for the same type of floral resource may generate antagonistic behavior between them, especially in cultivated areas where food resources are limited, seasonally and locally. In this study, was tested the hypothesis of antagonism between two solitary bee species of the family Apidae, Eulaema mocsaryi (Euglossini and Xylocopa frontalis (Xylocopini, visiting the Brazil nut flowers (Bertholletia excelsa: Lecythidaceae in a central Amazonia agricultural area. The visitation time was analyzed to detect the possible temporal overlap in the foraging of these bees. Furthermore, was analyzed their interspecific interactions for manipulating flower species visited by an opponent species, as well as attempts to attack this opponent. The individuals of Xylocopa frontalis visited the Brazil nut flowers before Eulaema mocsaryi, although the peak visitation of both did not presented significant differences. Neither of the species manipulated flowers recently visited by opponent species, and there were practically no antagonistic interactions between them. Thus, X. frontalis and E. mocsaryi shared the same food source in the flowers of B. excelsa due to differences in their time of visits and non-aggressive way of interacting with the opponent. This result has important implications for pollinating the Brazil nut, and a possible management of X. frontalis and E. mocsaryi, since these two were the most abundant pollinators in the studied locality.A competição entre duas espécies de abelhas por um mesmo tipo de recurso floral pode gerar comportamentos antagônicos entre elas, principalmente, dentro de áreas cultivadas, onde o recurso alimentar é limitado sazonalmente e localmente. No presente trabalho, foi testada a hipótese de antagonismo entre duas espécies de abelhas solitárias da família Apidae, Eulaema mocsaryi (Euglossini e Xylocopa frontalis (Xylocopini em flores da castanheira do Brasil (Bertholletia

  4. Entomofauna asociada a flores de berenjena y su papel en la producción de los frutos Insects associated with eggplant flowers and their role in fruit production

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    Julianne Milléo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El papel de los insectos polinizadores despierta interés, principalmente, en la reproducción de plantas tales como la berenjena. Este trabajo de recolección de la entomofauna asociada a las flores de Solanum melongena tuvo como objetivos identificar posibles agentes polinizadores locales y analizar el beneficio de los insectos antófilos a esta planta. Las observaciones y la colecta de los insectos visitantes de las flores fueron realizadas en febrero de 2008, entre las 7:00 y 17:15 horas, cada 45 minutos y en un área de 27 m². El experimento para el análisis y la comparación entre autofecundación espontánea y polinización por medio de agentes bióticos fue realizado en el mismo sitio, de febrero a marzo de 2009. Fueron colectados 631 insectos que visitaban las flores de berenjena, se destacaron los coleópteros de los géneros Colaspis Fabricius, Astylus Laporte, Harmonia Mulsant, Epitrix Foudras y Diabrotica Chevrolat; y los himenópteros del género Bombus Latreille. El pico de visitación en Solanum melongena ocurrió entre las 9:00 y 11:00 horas y corresponde al 36% del muestreo. De las flores sometidas al test de autofecundación espontánea, el 39% formaron frutos, mientras que apenas el 11% de las flores emasculadas y expuestas al proceso de acción por medio de agentes bióticos fructificaron.The interest in the role of insect pollination is growing, mainly in the reproduction of plants of economic interest, such as the eggplant. This study about the entomofauna associated with flowers of Solanum melongena has as objectives to identify possible pollinators' agents and to analyze the benefit of the anthophile insects to this plant. The observations and the survey of the flower visitors' insects were made in February 2008, between 7:00 am and 5:15 pm, every 45 minutes, in an area of 27 m². The experiment for analysis and comparison between spontaneous self pollination and by biological agents was made at the same place, from

  5. Composição físico-química do vinho Bordô de Flores da Cunha, RS, elaborado com uvas maturadas em condições de baixa precipitação Physicochemical composition of Bordô wines from Flores da Cunha, RS, made with grapes matured in low rain conditions

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    Francine Maria Tecchio

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available O Bordô é, depois do Isabel, o vinho de mesa de maior importância econômica na Serra Gaúcha, pois existe um considerável segmento de mercado que o aprecia, especialmente por seu sabor frutado e por sua cor intensa e matiz violeta. Devido a isso e às condições de estiagem que ocorreram no verão de 2005, quando as chuvas corresponderam a 38% da normal climatológica, analisaram-se vinhos Bordô do município de Flores da Cunha, RS, um dos mais importantes produtores da Serra Gaúcha. Os vinhos analisados eram varietalmente puros e elaborados segundo a tecnologia de cada vinícola. Avaliaram-se 39 variáveis, das quais os resultados mais expressivos foram os seguintes: álcool 10,58% v/v; acidez total 91meq L-1; acidez volátil 7,3meq L-1; pH 3,21; extrato seco 24,24g L-1; açúcares redutores 2,90g L-1; extrato seco reduzido 22,34g L-1; cinzas 2,09g L-1; ácido tartárico 5,35g L-1; DO 420 0,480; DO 520 1,296; DO 620 0,184; taninos 1,41g L-1; antocianinas 778,8mg L-1; etanal 14,9mg L-1; acetato de etila 59,3mg L-1; metanol 290,9mg L-1; 1-propanol 24,9mg L-1; 2-metiL-1-propanol 40,6mg L-1; 2-metiL-1-butanol 45,9mg L-1; 3-metiL-1-butanol 149,1mg L-1; soma dos álcoois superiores 260,5mg L-1; e K 953mg L-1.The Bordô, after Isabel, is the table wine presenting the greater economic importance in the Serra Gaúcha region, because there is a segment of the market that likes its characteristics, specially its fruity flavor, color intensity, and violet hue. Due to these aspects and to the very dry climatic conditions in the 2005 summer, where rain represented 38% of the climatological normal, Bordô wines were analyzed from the commune of Flores da Cunha, RS, Brazil, one of the most important producers of the Serra Gaúcha region. Analyzed wines were varietal ones and made according to the technology of each winery. Thirty nine variables were evaluated and the average parameters of the most expressive ones were the following: alcohol 10.58% v

  6. Aspectos de la relación entre Thalurania Furcata Colombica (Aves Trochilidae y las flores en que liba, en un bosque subandino Aspectos de la relación entre Thalurania Furcata Colombica (Aves Trochilidae y las flores en que liba, en un bosque subandino

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    Ayala R. Ana Victoria

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available El mayor nivel de coadaptación ave nectarívora-flor conocido hasta el momento, se ha logrado en los Trochilidae (VAN DER PIJL & DODSON,1969; FEINSINGER et al., 1979 ; tanto, que se ha hablado de flores adaptadas a la polinización por una especie particular de colibrí, y de colibríes que dependen para su alimentación de una sola clase de flor (SNOW & SNOW, 1980.Los factores principales que afectan la selección de alimento por parte de los colibríes están relacionados con: hábitat y estratificación de la vegetación (STILES & VVOLF,1970; FEINSINGER & CoLWELL, 1978, distribución espacial y características de las flores (FEINSINGER & COLYVELL,1978; FEINSINGER et al., 1979, distribución temporal del alimento (WOLF et al., 1976, morfología del pico del ave (FEINSINGER & COLWELL, 1978; STILES, 1978 a; FEINSINGER et al., 1979, tamaño del cuerpo (VVOLF et al., 1976, "disco de sustentación del ala" (wing disc loading y, finalmente, la energía que el colibrí requiere para sustentarse en el aire (EPTING & CASEY, 1973; WOLF et al., 1976. Colombia está incluida en el área central de evolución de los Trochilidae (SNOW & SNOW,- 1980 y posee numerosas especies así como riqueza de hábitats ocupados por ellos. Al igual que trabajos anteriores (SNOW & SNOW, 1980; MURCIA, 1983, el presente aporta al conocimiento de la ecología de los colibríes en este país; especificamente, trata algunos aspectos de la interacción Thalurania furcata colombica-flor proveedora de alimento en un Bosque Subandino. Between April and September 1983 observations were made on the relations between Thalurcnia furcata colombica and flowers in the laguna de Pedro Palo area (Cundinamarca, Colombia. The hummingbird was seen visiting 15 species of plants (beloging to 13 families situated mainly on the edge of forest, among which the following species showed a high degree of ornithophily: Besleria solanoides (Gesneriaceae, Bomarea racemose (Amaryllidaceae

  7. When hummingbirds are the thieves: visitation effect on the reproduction of Neotropical snowbell Styrax ferrugineus Nees & Mart (Styracaceae Quando os beija-flores são os ladrões: efeito da visitação na reprodução de uma planta Neotropical Styrax ferrugineus Nees & Mart (Styracaceae

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    Pietro Kiyoshi Maruyama

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The spectrum of floral visitors associated with a particular plant is frequently larger than predicted by the traditional concept of floral syndromes and the role that unpredicted visitors play in plant reproduction deserves attention. Hummingbirds are frequently recorded visiting flowers with distinct floral syndromes, especially in some hummingbird flower poor ecosystem such as the Cerrado. In this study we investigated the effect of frequent hummingbird visits on the reproduction of melittophilous Styrax ferrugineus. The flowers were visited by many different insect groups and visits by hummingbirds were frequent, especially early in the morning when nectar availability was higher. Nectar parameters varied considerably during the flower life span, and was probably affected by the temperature variation during the day. Hummingbird exclusion experiments showed no effect in the fruit-set of the plant. The inability of hummingbirds to deplete all of the nectar produced in this mass-flowering plant, and the existence of another resource (pollen for the primary pollinator (large bees, are possible reasons why there was no perceptible hindrance of plant reproduction by the hummingbirds. Although no effect in the fruit-set was observed, the use of non-ornithophilous flowers must be important for hummingbirds, which are specialized nectar consumers.O espectro de visitantes florais associados a uma planta é frequentemente maior que o esperado pelo conceito tradicional de síndromes florais e o papel desses visitantes inesperados tem recebido mais atenção. Os beija-flores freqüentemente visitam flores com síndromes florais distintas, especialmente em alguns ecossistemas pobre em flores ornitófilas como o Cerrado. Investigamos aqui o efeito das visitas de beija-flores na reprodução de Styrax ferrugineus, uma espécie melitófila. As flores foram visitadas por diferentes grupos de insetos e as visitas por beija-flores foram frequentes

  8. Insectos asociados con flores de malezas del Jardín Botánico de Santiago de Cuba, con énfasis en Hymenoptera

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    José L. Fernández T.

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Se estudiaron los insectos visitantes en flores de nueve especies de malezas del Jardín Botánico de Santiago de Cuba, Cuba Oriental, durante 1993 (marzo a junio, en primavera y 1994 (enero a marzo, final del invierno y comienzo de la primavera. Se contabilizaron unas 50 horas de recolecta en tres horarios diferentes (0900-0930 hr en 1993; 0900-0930 hr, 1200-1230 hr y 1500-1530 hr en 1994. Se identificaron más de 140 especies y por lo menos 37 familias; Hymenoptera fue el orden mejor representado (con más de la mitad de los individuos rerecolectados, seguido de Diptera, Coleoptera y Lepidoptera. Dentro de Hymenoptera las abejas (Apoidea fueron mayoritarias, especialmente Apis mellifera L.; seguidas de avispas (Vespidae, Pompilidae, Sphecidae e icneumónidos (Ichneumonidae; los microhimenópteros no se recolectaron. Se comparó la himenopterofauna en cuanto a diversidad, similitud, especies dominantes y subdominantes, preferencia de horarios, eficiencia de los muestreos, etc. Cada especie de planta sustentó una fauna característica. Casi un tercio de los himenópteros visitantes fueron controles biológicos de plagas agrícolas, y la mayoría pueden considerarse polinizadores. Especies afines filogenéticamente presentaron patrones de actividad diaria semejante. El horario 0900 -0930 hr fue el de mayor biodiversidad en cuanto a número de especies visitantes. Al analizar el número de especies con relación al número de especímenes rerecolectados, así como el total de especies y número de muestreos realizados, las funciones de mejor ajuste fueron polinomiales de segundo grado (r² = 0.9734 y r² = 0.9573 respectivamente, p The insect visitors of flowers in nine weeds species were studied in the Botanical Garden of Santiago de Cuba, Eastern Cuba, during 1993 (March - June, spring season and 1994 (January - March, end of winter and beginning of spring season. About 50 hours of collecting efforts were made at three times (0900-0930 hr in

  9. ESTUDIO DE LAS VISITAS DE LAS MOSCAS DE LAS FLORES (DIPTERA: SYRPHIDAE EN Salvia bogotensis (LAMIACEAE EN EL JARDÍN BOTÁNICO JOSÉ CELESTINO MUTIS (BOGOTÁ D.C., COLOMBIA

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    Zamora Monica

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación fue describir la interacción entre Salvia bogotensis (Lamiaceae y las moscas de las flores (Diptera: Syrphidae en un ambiente urbano, el jardín botánico "José Celestino Mutis" (Bogotá D.C.. Una vez comprobada la existencia del síndrome de entomofilia, se caracterizó la morfología floral, la composición taxonómica, la riqueza y la abundancia de las especies de sírfidos identificadas como visitantes florales, así como la morfometría cefálica y bucal. S. bogotensis presenta el síndrome de la entomofilia con ausencia de autofecundación. La comunidad de sírfidos asociada con esta comprende nueve especies, agrupadas en cinco géneros. Las especies son Allograpta neotropica Curran, 1936, Allograpta exotica Wiedermann, 1830, Allograpta annulipes Macquart, 1850, Allograpta aenea Hull, 1937, Lejops mexicana Macquart, 1842, Platycheirus ecuadoriensis Fluke, 1945, Platycheirus fenestrata Macquart, 1842, Syrphus shoree Fluke, 1950 y Toxomerus sp. 1. Las especies de moscas identificadas presentan en su conjunto características conductuales y morfológicas asociadas a polinizadores de baja eficiencia, con una baja tasa de visitas, incapacidad de activación de los balancines y un mínimo contacto corporal del insecto con las anteras y el estigma de la flor. Adicionalmente, las moscas presentan una carga muy baja de granos de polen de S. bogotensis sobre el cuerpo y alta inversión de tiempo en la limpieza de su cuerpo (acicalamiento. Las flores visitadas por estos insectos no dieron origen a frutos. Todo lo anterior permite concluir que dichas moscas no son polinizadores efectivos de S. bogotensis. Además de dípteros, se observaron varias especies de insectos visitantes florales de S. bogotensis pertenecientes a las familias Apidae, Halictidae y Megachilidae. Los sírfidos se benefician por el consumo de polen de S. bogotensis, pero no interfieren en el crecimiento y el desarrollo de la planta, por lo cual

  10. OCORRÊNCIA E DURAÇÃO DAS TEMPERATURAS MÍNIMAS DIÁRIA DO AR PREJUDICIAIS À FECUNDAÇÃO DAS FLORES DO ARROZ EM SANTA MARIA, RS. l - PROBABILIDADES DE OCORRÊNCIA

    OpenAIRE

    Buriol,Galileo Adeli; Schneider,Flávio Miguel; Estefanel,Valduino; Hoffmann,Alexandre

    1991-01-01

    RESUMO Utilizando os valores das temperaturas mínimas diárias do ar registradas na Estação Climatológica Principal de Santa Maria, RS, determinou-se as probabilidades de ocorrência do número de dias, por decêndio ou mês, das seqüências de varias durações e da duração da maior seqüência de dias consecutivos, em cada mês, com temperaturas mínimas do ar prejudiciais à fecundação das flores da cultura do arroz (Oriza sativa L.). Os resultados evidenciam que na época de floração existe risco de oc...

  11. Fertigation and growing media for production of anthurium cut flower Fertirrigação e subtrato para a produção de flores de antúrio

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    Francine Lorena Cuquel

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Anthurium andraeanum flowers quality and productivity depend on the fertilizer, and the growing media used. Most Brazilian anthurium growers use to prepare their growing media, but they do not realize that the low quality and productivity might come from an inadequate mix that they are using. So, the objective was to determine yield and flower quality of anthurium plants grown in different growing media and fertilizations. 'Eidibel' anthurium plants were grown in: a pine bark + composted organic matter (1:1; b wood shavings + composted organic matter (1:1; c growing media usually utilized by the grower where this study was developed (a mixture of soil, coal residue and composted cow manure. Four fertigation solutions were applied weekly during eleven months. These solutions were: NPK 100% (5.00: 1.64: 3.12 g plant-1 year-1; N and K 100% + P 150% (5.00: 2.46: 3.12 g plant-1 year-1; N and P 100% + K 150% (5.00: 1.64: 4.70 g plant-1 year-1; N 100% + P and K 150% (5.00: 2.46: 4.70 g plant-1 year-1. These were compared with monthly fertilization done locally with slow releasing solid fertilizer (4.52: 1.23: 4.99 g plant-1 year-1. Although there was no increase in the yield, represented by the number of flowers produced per plant, the growing media prepared with wood shavings + organic compost (1:1 with all fertilization tested produced the best quality anthurium cut flowers (Extra and Class I.Qualidade das flores e a produtividade de antúrio (Anthurium andraeanum dependem da adubação e do substrato utilizados. A maioria dos produtores brasileiros de antúrio costuma preparar seu substrato, mas eles não imaginam que o uso de substratos inadequados pode ser a causa de seus problemas de baixa qualidade ou baixa produtividade. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a produtividade e qualidade de flores de antúrio cultivado em diferentes substratos e adubações. Plantas de antúrio da cultivar Eidibel foram plantadas em: a casca de pinus + matéria org

  12. Proposal for commercial classification of the gerbera capitulum based in the flower overlap index Proposta para classificação comercial dos capítulos de gérbera com base no coeficiente de sobreposição das flores

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    Raquel DL Cardoso

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to propose a methodology for commercial classification of gerbera´s capitulum based on the trans flowers overlap coefficient. Three to eight capitula of twenty-eight cultivars of gerbera cut flower and seven non-commercial accesses were used. The width measurement of the trans flowers group (internal ray flower as well as the sum of the width of the trans and ray flowers (external ray flower groups were taken from each capitulum. The average of each access and the overlap coefficient were calculated (CS = width of the trans flowers group / Σ of the width of the trans and ray flowers groups and submitted to the multivariate analysis, to verify the grouping by the average Euclidian distance matrix. It is proposed that gerberas with CS= 0.01 to 0.15 be classified as simple, CS= 0.16 to 0.40 as semi-double and CS superior to 0.41 as double. The overlap coefficient (CS can be used to systematize the classification of the gerbera capitula, reducing the divergences in the classification and the subjectivity in the decisions of producers, florists and breeders.Objetivou-se neste trabalho propor uma metodologia para classificação comercial dos capítulos de gérbera com base no coeficiente de sobreposição das flores trans. Foram utilizados três a oito capítulos de vinte e oito cultivares de gérbera com aptidão para corte e sete acessos não comerciais. Em cada um dos capítulos realizou-se a medição da largura do conjunto das flores trans (flores do raio interno e a soma da largura do conjunto das flores trans e do raio (flores do raio externo. Com isso, calcularam-se os coeficientes de sobreposição das flores trans (CS= largura do conjunto das flores trans / Σ da largura do conjunto das flores trans e do raio e submeteram-se os dados à análise multivariada, com a finalidade de verificar o agrupamento mediante matriz de distância euclidiana média. Propõe-se que gérberas com CS= 0,01 a 0,15 sejam classificadas

  13. Pistillate Flower Abcission Symptoms of ‘Serr’ Walnut (Juglans RegiaL. Sintomatología del Aborto en flores Pistiladas de Nogal (Juglans regiaL. ‘Serr’

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    Cristián González R

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Pistillate flower abscission (PFA severely affects walnut (Juglans regia L. production, mainly of the cultivar ‘Serr’. A study on symptoms of flower abortion in walnut ‘Serr’, induced by excess or lack of pollen, was carried out following the evolution of flowers and peduncles. Hand pollinated flowers, with different pollen concentrations: 0, 1, 5, 25, 50 and 100% pollen diluted (w/w in talcum powder, showed external and internal abortion symptoms. External symptoms were recorded directly from the tree, while for internal symptoms, flower excisions stained with blue Toluidin-O at 0.05%, were analyzed under an optical microscope. Excess pollen abortion produced flowers with rapid damage. The growth rate was very low, involucre brightness was lost and the stigma turned necrotic, in contrast to the flower aborted from lack of pollen. Normal flowers continued growing to fruit harvest, without losing brightness. Excess pollen abortion induced flower drop, with or without attached peduncle. Two separation zones can be present: the distal and proximal areas of the peduncle. Peduncle scars allowed for differentiating abortion induced from excess or lack of pollen, or other reasons.El aborto en flores postiladas (PFA por exceso de polen que afecta al nogal (Juglans regia L., disminuye considerablemente la producción de nueces, principalmente en el cultivar ‘Serr’. Se estudió la sintomatología del aborto por exceso y falta de polinización en flores y pedúnculo de este cultivar. Para esto se realizó polinización manual, utilizando diferentes concentraciones de polen sobre flores en diferentes estados de receptividad. Las concentraciones se obtuvieron mediante diluciones (peso/peso de polen combinado con talco. Las concentraciones utilizadas fueron 0; 1; 5; 25; 50 y 100% de polen. Se observó la sintomatología externa e interna de la flor, mediante apreciación visual en el árbol y a través de cortes longitudinales en la flor para

  14. Queima das flores e podridão parda em pessegueiro sob sistema de cultivo orgânico Blossom blight and brown rot on organic peach production system

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    Cláudio Keske

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A queima das flores e a podridão parda, causadas por Monilinia fructicola, são as doenças mais importantes na cultura do pessegueiro. Este estudo teve como objetivo verificar a incidência de queima das flores e podridão parda latente em frutos verdes e na colheita sob condições naturais de infecção, em relação à posição dos ramos em pomar com cultivares de pessegueiro sob sistema de cultivo orgânico. As avaliações foram realizadas com as cultivares 'Aurora', 'Flordaking', 'Marli' e 'Della Nona' em 2006, e 'Aurora' e 'Marli' em 2007 e 2008 e conduzidas em sistema orgânico em Rio do Sul, Santa Catarina (SC. Foram monitorados semanalmente os conídios do patógeno em armadilhas tipo "cata-vento". A incidência média da doença na floração foi de 0,8 ('Della Nona' a 19,1% ('Marli'. A incidência na colheita foi de 15,4('Della Nona' a 65,7% ('Flordaking'. Correlações positivas e significativas foram verificadas entre número de conídios e fases fenológicas variando de 0,67 ('Flordaking a 0,99 ('Aurora'. A posição do ramo no pomar, na linha ou na entrelinha não influenciou a incidência da doença nas flores e nos frutos. A maior concentração de conídios foi observada na fase de maturação dos frutos.The blossom blight and brown rot caused by Monilinia fructicola are the most important diseases of peach tree. This study aimed to verify the incidence of the blossom blight on flowers and latent brown rot in green fruits, and at harvest under natural infection, in relation to the position of branches in the orchard with peach cultivars under organic system. The evaluations were carried out with the cultivars 'Aurora', 'Flordaking', 'Marli' and 'Della Nona' in 2006, 'Aurora' and 'Marli' in 2007 and 2008 and conducted in an organic syste m in Rio do Sul, SC. Conidia were monitored weekly by "winddriven" traps. At flowering the average incidence was 0.8 ('Della Nona' to 19.1% ('Marli'. The incidence at harvest was 15

  15. Viabilidade dos grãos de pólen de flores de pinheira (Annona squamosa em diferentes horários Viability of the sugar apple (Annona squamosa pollen grains at different hours of the day

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    Silvia Nietsche

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available No manejo do cultivo da pinha (Annona squamosa, a polinização artificial é uma prática preconizada para, obter maior pegamento dos frutos bem como uniformização do formato dos mesmos. Nesse sentido, conduziu-se este trabalho, com o objetivo de avaliar a viabilidade dos grãos de pólen de flores de pinheira em diferentes horários de coleta. O pólen foi obtido a partir de flores no estádio funcionalmente estaminada. Foram avaliados oito horários de coleta de pólen: zero hora, 1 hora, 2 horas, 3 horas, 4 horas, 5 horas, 6 horas e 7 horas da manhã. Foi utilizado meio de cultura padrão para germinação de pólen, com concentração de 10% de sacarose. As flores foram coletadas nos horários estabelecidos e os grãos de pólen foram retirados das anteras com auxílio de um pincel número 2 e em seguida inoculados em placas de Petri contendo o meio de cultura. O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado com quatro repetições, sendo cada parcela experimental constituída por duas placas Petri. Foram contados 100 grãos de pólen por placa. Após 6 horas de inoculação, os grãos de pólen foram visualizados sob lupa. Foram considerados germinados os grãos de pólen que possuíam tubo polínico com tamanho igual ou superior ao diâmetro do próprio pólen. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre o horário de coleta dos grãos de pólen. A percentagem média da germinação variou de 46,75% a 53,62% dos grãos de pólen germinados.In the management of the sugar apple (Annona squamosa crop, the artificial pollination is a preconized practice to obtain higher establishment of the fruits as well as their standardization. This study was carried out to evaluate the viability of sugar apple pollen grains at different collecting times. The pollens were obtained from the flowers at the functional staminate stage. The pollen grains were collected every hour, starting from 00:00am and ending at 07:00am, totalizing 8

  16. Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae present in the flowers of the balsa wood Ochroma lagopus Swartz, 1788 = Abelhas (Hymenoptera: Apidae associadas às flores do pau-de-balsa Ochroma lagopus Swartz, 1788

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    Carla Regina Guimarães Brighenti

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The flower of balsa wood holds about 10 to 15 mL of nectar, which helps attracting pollinating agents, since the genus Ochroma is incapable of self-fertilization. However, a high mortality of bees is observed in these flowers. The present study investigated the frequency and constancy of mortality of the individuals of the familyApidae that fed on nectar from the balsa wood. Data was gathered from June to August 2008, in Lavras – Minas Gerais State, Brazil. In addition, the survival of the Africanized bees that fed on the nectar of this flower was compared to those that fed on 50% aqueous solution of honey. Forty flowers were analyzed, and 949 individuals of the orders Hymenoptera (98.1%, Hemiptera (0.95%, Coleoptera (0.74% and Diptera (0.21% were collected. Most Hymenoptera individuals were bees of the genera Partamona and Trigona (677 individuals, which were considered of constant occurrence. Flowers producing up to 16.7 nectar mL were found. The nectar diet contained 16.44% of total sugar, and resulted in low survival of the bees in laboratory (31.32 . 2.37 hours, compared to a diet of 50% aqueous solution of honey (112.32 .2.03 hours.A flor do pau-de-balsa produz cerca de 10 a 15 mL de néctar, útil na atração de polinizadores, uma vez que o gênero Ochroma é incapaz de fazer autofecundação. É observada intensa mortalidade de abelhas em suas flores. Objetivou-se realizar o levantamento da frequência e constância de mortalidade de indivíduos da família Apidae, sendo os dados levantados no período de junho a agosto de 2008 em Lavras, MinasGerais, Brasil. Além disso, avaliou-se a sobrevivência de abelhas africanizadas alimentadas com o néctar desta flor quando comparados com aquelas alimentadas com solução aquosa de mel a 50%. Foram analisadas 40 flores e coletados 949 indivíduos das Ordens: Hymenoptera (98,1%, Hemiptera (0,95%, Coleoptera (0,74% e Diptera (0,21%. Dentre os himenópteros os mais frequentes foram dos g

  17. Abelhas (Hymenoptera: Apoidea visitantes das flores de gliricídia no Recôncavo Baiano Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea visitors of gliricidia flowers (Gliricidia sepium (Jacq. Stend. in the Reconcavo Baiano region

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    Carlos Alfredo Lopes de Carvalho

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, nesse trabalho, obter informações sobre a diversidade de abelhas visitantes em gliricídia (Gliricidia sepium (Jacq. Stend., na região do Recôncavo Baiano. As espécies visitantes nas flores foram coletadas, no período de setembro a novembro de 2005. Definiu-se, aleatoriamente, 15 inflorescências por intervalo de hora para a coleta efetiva das abelhas, sendo utilizado um minuto por inflorescência, ao longo do intervalo de 07:00 às 18:00 horas, durante o período de floração. Um total de 10 espécies foram identificadas, sendo que Apis mellifera foi a espécie mais abundante, com freqüência relativa igual a 25,40 %, seguida da Trigona spinipes (23,81 %, Nannotrigona testaceicornis (14,28 %, Xylocopa grisescens e Trigona fuscipennis (ambas com 12,70 %. O pico de visita das abelhas ocorreu das 10:01 às 11:00 horas. A. mellifera, T. spinipes e N. testaceicornis foram consideradas as espécies com potencial para a polinização das flores de gliricídias, na região do Recôncavo Baiano.The focus of this paper was to get information about the diversity of bees visiting Gliricidia sepium (Jacq. Stend. in the Recôncavo Baiano region. The species visiting the flowers were collected in the period from September to November 2005. For the collection of the bees, 15 inflorescences were defined randomly per hour, one minute being used per inflorescence, throughout the interval from 07:00 a.m. to 06:00 p.m., during the blooming period. A total of ten species were identified, Apis mellifera being the most abundant species, with relative frequency equal to 25.40%, followed by Trigona spinipes (23.81%, Nannotrigona testaceicornis (14.28%, Xylocopa grisescens, and Trigona fuscipennis (both with 12.70%. The peak of bee visits occurred from 10:01a.m. to 11:00 a.m. A. mellifera, T. spinipes, and N. testaceicornis were considered the species with potential for the pollination of Gliciridia sepium flowers in the region of the Rec

  18. Comercialização de flores e plantas ornamentais no segmento varejista no município de Lavras/MG Flowes and ornamentals plantas commercialization in retailer segment at Lavras/MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Ceratti

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available O mercado brasileiro de flores e plantas ornamentais apresenta-se com perspectivas de crescimento e conseqüente incremento para os principais segmentos da cadeia produtiva: produção, distribuição e comercialização. Esta previsão, bastante otimista, vem atraindo para o setor novos empreendedores, com conseqüente aumento da concorrência e a constante necessidade da busca por novos produtos e serviços. Com o objetivo de compreender a nova tendência da cadeia de flores e plantas ornamentais e de avaliar a estrutura do segmento varejista no município de Lavras (MG, realizou-se um levantamento de informações junto aos estabelecimentos que comercializam flores e plantas ornamentais, no primeiro semestre de 2003. Para tanto, utilizou-se de uma pesquisa de caráter exploratório, com perguntas voltadas à estrutura operacional da empresa, além de questões sociais sobre o florista, podendo-se citar o nível de conhecimento na área e preocupação com atualização. No município não há estabelecimentos com auto-serviço de flores e plantas ornamentais, apenas floriculturas comerciais, que totalizam 11 estabelecimentos, dentre os quais, 64% realizam projetos paisagísticos, 73% oferecem trabalhos de jardinagem, e 45% possuem produção própria, sendo que esta se caracteriza, de modo geral, por plantios protegidos em pequenas áreas, voltados para o próprio abastecimento, apenas com cultivos orgânicos, simplificados, de mudas para jardim. Assim, todos dependem do fornecimento regular de plantas, em sua maioria realizado diretamente por grandes atacadistas, ponto a ponto. De maneira geral, observou-se que os varejistas limitam-se à participação na disputa de preços, mostrando-se preocupados com os altos níveis de competitividade em que o mercado encontra-se e menos interessados na diversificação dos produtos e serviços e estratégias de marketing. Por outro lado, há poucos comerciantes voltados para a oferta de produtos com

  19. Origens do pensamento radical na América Latina: um estudo comparativo entre José Martí, Juan B. Justo e Ricardo Flores Magón

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    Fabio Luis Barbosa dos Santos

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo condensa os resultados, no plano ideológico, de uma pesquisa que analisa, em uma perspectiva comparada, como nascem, evoluem e são frustrados três projetos de democratização radical na América Latina nos primórdios do Imperialismo. José Martí (1853-1895 em Cuba, Juan B. Justo (1865-1928 na Argentina e Ricardo Flores Magón (1874-1922 no México lideraram esforços intelectuais e políticos visando superar os constrangimentos à integração nacional legados pela origem colonial, expressando-se em um pensamento que fundamentou a atuação dos partidos por eles dirigidos. Nossa hipótese é que esses autores, partindo de premissas ideológicas e políticas distintas mas orientados por um desígnio democrático comum, sugeriram balizas que referenciavam a máxima consciência possível da militância radical no continente, naquele contexto.

  20. Pärt, Arvo: "Summa". Collage sur BACH. Fratres / Patric Wiklacz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wiklacz, Patric

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo: "Summa". Collage sur BACH. Fratres. Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten. Summa. Festina Lente. Tabula rasa. Tapiola Sinfonietta / Jean-Jacques Kantorow". BIS-CD-834. 62:30 DDD

  1. Rozum občanství

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kuneš, Jan

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 15, č. 26 (2004), 1a-3 ISSN 1210-0021 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z9009908 Keywords : Jean Jacques Rousseau * Immanuel Kant * Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  2. Nigeria, Alienation, and The Novels of Chinua Achebe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leslie, Omolara

    1973-01-01

    Examines the novels of Chinua Achebe in the light of Jean Jacques Rousseau's definition of political alienation as the political process of representation whereby a community allows its interests to be represented by a smaller group. (Author/JM)

  3. Külalisesinejate sõnavõtud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Ettekandjad: Elisabeth Arnold, Dirk van der Maelen, FranciscoTorres, JiriMashtalka, Demetrios Syllouris, Karoly Lotz, Uwe Gehlen, Michael Sahlin, Tony Gregory, Roma Dovydeniene, Janusz Lewandowski, Ekkehard Pabsch, Jelko Kacir, Jean-Jacques Subrenat, Savas Tsitouridis, Alfred E. Kellermann

  4. Rousseau kolm korda kaks surmapattu / Toomas Raudam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudam, Toomas, 1947-

    1995-01-01

    Järg: 27. okt., lk. B2. Rets. rmt.: Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Üksildase uitaja mõtisklused ; Arutlus teadustest ja kunstidest / tlk. Sirje Keevallik ja Kristiina Ross. Tln.: Perioodika, 1995. (Europeia).

  5. Kuulake, Rosseau! / Toomas Raudam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudam, Toomas, 1947-

    1998-01-01

    Varem ilmunud: Postimees, 1995, 4.okt. Rets rmt.: Rousseau, Jean- Jacques. Üksildase uitaja mõtisklused. Arutlus teadustest ja kunstidest / tlk.Sirje Keevallik ja Kristiina Ross. Tallinn: Perioodika, 1995

  6. Raamatututvustus / Rein Põder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põder, Rein, 1943-

    1995-01-01

    Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Üksildase uitaja mõtisklused; Hill, Susan. Proua de Winter; Kõrvemaast põhjarannani : Kuusalu kihelkonna kirjanduslik-kodulooline antoloogia / Koost. Helmut Elstrok; Tead.toim. Oskar Kuningas

  7. Espécies de Syrphidae (Diptera visitantes das flores de Eryngium horridum (Apiaceae no Vale do Rio Pardo, RS, Brasil Species of Syrphidae (Diptera as flower visitors of Eryngium horridum (Apiaceae in Rio Pardo Valley, RS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mírian N. Morales

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available No período entre dezembro de 2001 a dezembro de 2003, realizaram-se coletas com rede entomológica de insetos visitantes das flores de Eryngium horridum (Apiaceae na Região do Vale do Rio Pardo, RS, Brasil. Esta planta é perene, freqüente em campos secos e apresenta expressiva dispersão. Possui, no Rio Grande do Sul, época de floração entre novembro e janeiro. Foram capturados 1.066 insetos visitantes, destes, 569 Syrphidae. Identificaram-se 60 espécies de Syrphidae, distribuídas em 16 gêneros. O gênero Palpada Macquart, 1834 foi dominante, e Ornidia Lepeletier & Serville, 1828 e Toxomerus Macquart, 1855 abundantes. Das espécies mais freqüentes, Palpada furcata (Wiedemann, 1819 ocupou posição mais elevada. Os sirfídeos apresentaram preferência pelas temperaturas entre 28 e 32ºC, e foram mais freqüentemente coletados entre as 10 e 14 horas, com picos entre as 10 e 11 horas. As fêmeas foram as mais freqüentes. O predomínio de sirfídeos robustos e mais ágeis sobre sirfídeos de menor porte como Toxomerus e Allograpta Osten Sacken, 1875, pode ter sido resultante de competição interespecífica. Eristalinus taeniops (Wiedemann, 1818 é pela primeira vez citada para o Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. A alta diversidade e abundância dos espécimes coletados nas flores de E. horridum são indicadores da importância desta na dieta dos sirfídeos, visto que possui grande número de inflorescências e floração ocorrendo nos meses de baixa oferta de recursos alimentares na área de estudo.Between December 2001 and December 2003, collections of flower visitors of Eryngium horridum (Apiaceae were carried out in areas of Rio Pardo Valley, RS, Brazil. This plant is perennial, commonly found in dry fields, presenting a wide distribution. Its flowering period ranges from November to January in Rio Grande do Sul. A total of 1,066 insects were captured, 569 of them belonging to Syrphidae. Sixty species of Syrphidae were identified

  8. Abundancia de colibríes y uso de flores en un bosque templado del sureste de México Hummingbird abundance and flowers use in a template forest from Southeast Mexico

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    Ruth Partida Lara

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La abundancia de los colibríes puede variar por la fenología de floración de las plantas de las que se alimentan. Sin embargo, la información sobre la interacción colibrí-flor es limitada en ambientes tropicales de montaña. En este estudio se evaluó la abundancia de colibríes con redes de niebla y se registró la fenología de floración mensual de las flores visitadas por los colibríes en tres ambientes (bosque de encino, de neblina y matorral en la Reserva Ecológica Huitepec, Chiapas, México de enero a agosto 2010. Cuatro especies de colibríes (Hylocharis leucotis, Lampornis amethystinus, Lamprolaima rhami y Eugenes fulgens se registraron y sus abundancias variaron entre ambientes (H3.8=14.8, p=0.001. Siete especies de plantas fueron visitadas por los colibríes, y presentaron una mayor floración formando parches durante la temporada de secas. En el matorral se concentró el mayor número de especies de plantas con flores. Fuchsia paniculata presentó el mayor periodo de floración aunque solo fue visitada por H. leucotis. Passiflora membranacea fue la única especie visitada por las cuatro especies de colibríes. La única asociación positiva fue la abundancia de E. fulgens con la floración de P. membranacea (rS=0.93, p=0.02. Las fluctuaciones de las abundancias de colibríes en este estudio están en cierta forma determinadas por las interacciones del recurso floral y su distribución en el ambienteHummingbird abundance varies with plant bloom phenology used for feeding. However, the information on hummingbird-flower interaction is limited for tropical mountain environments. We evaluated hummingbird abundance using mist nest and estimated monthly flowering phenology visited by hummingbirds in three different habitats (oak forest, cloud forest and bush from January to August 2010 in Huitepec Ecological Reserve. We recorded four hummingbird species (Hylocharis leucotis, Lampornis amethystinus, Lamprolaima rhami and Eugenes

  9. Cooperação e localidade: uma análise no contexto do agronegócio de flores Cooperation and locality: an analysis in the context of flowers agribusiness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Pedro de Castro Nunes Pereira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um estudo sobre a cooperação e o papel da localidade no contexto do agronegócio de flores e plantas ornamentais. Para tanto, traz seu arcabouço teórico estruturado no tripé: localidade, cooperativismo e ações conjuntas. Essa pesquisa foi desenvolvida em duas importantes regiões de produção e comercialização: Holambra e Mogi das Cruzes. A abordagem metodológica utilizada foi de pesquisa exploratória com a condução de um levantamento do tipo survey. A pesquisa de campo obteve 90 questionários válidos, cujos entrevistados foram produtores rurais, que pertencem a pelo menos uma das cooperativas e/ou associações presentes nas localidades estudadas. Os resultados mostram que há uma prática de ações de parcerias entre os produtores pesquisados e que a etnia aparece como um dos fatores indutores dessa cooperação.This paper presents a study about cooperation and the locality role flowers and ornamental plants agribusiness. Thus, the theoretical framework is based on: locality, cooperatives and joint actions. This research was developed in two important regions of production and commercialization: Holambra and Mogi das Cruzes. The methodological approach was based on an exploratory research in which a survey was performed. The field research got 90 valid questionnaires from producers, related at least to one of the cooperatives and/or associations in studied localities. The results show that there are partnership actions among the interviewed producers, which have strong influences of the ethnic factor on this cooperation.

  10. Variação no número de glândulas e produção de óleo em flores de Stigmaphyllon paralias A. Juss. (Malpighiaceae Variation in the number of glands and oil production in flowers of Stigmaphyllon paralias A. Juss. (Malpighiaceae

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    Paula Dib de Carvalho

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Foi estudada uma população de Stigmaphyllon paralias (Malpighiaceae em Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brasil, visando analisar a variação do número de glândulas e sua produção de óleo nas flores. Dos indivíduos analisados, 76% não variaram o número de glândulas entre suas flores, ocorrendo 41% de indivíduos com flores que possuem 10 glândulas, 31% com oito glândulas e 4% com nove glândulas. Nas flores dos morfos que apresentam oito e nove glândulas, as glândulas ausentes são sempre as da sépala inferior. Centris leprieuri e Epicharis sp. (Apidae: Centridini foram as únicas espécies que visitaram S. paralias, coletando óleo como recompensa. A sépala inferior localiza-se sob o abdome do polinizador quando pousado na flor, tornando-se inacessível à coleta de óleo. Sugerimos que a incapacidade de utilização de algumas glândulas pelos polinizadores possa ter possibilitado o aparecimento de morfos nas populações que não apresentam estas glândulas como caráter adaptativo por gerar economia de recursos na produção de recompensa não utilizada pelo polinizador. Todas as glândulas de todos os morfos são funcionais. As flores dos dois morfos principais com oito e 10 glândulas, produzem a mesma quantidade total de óleo. As glândulas das flores com oito glândulas aumentam a produção em cerca de 20%, compensando a produção total de óleo por flor.A population of Stigmaphyllon paralias (Malpighiaceae was studied in Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil. Variation of the number of oil glands and oil production in the flowers were analized. 76% of the individuals did not present variation on the number of glands among their flowers, 41% presented flowers with 10 glands, 31% with eight glands and 4% with nine glands. In the flowers of the morphs with eight or nine glands, the absent glands were always associated to the inferior sepal. Only Centris leprieuri and Epicharis sp. (Apidae: Centridini visited flowers of S. paralias

  11. Evaluación del uso de señales visuales y de localización por el colibrí cola-ancha (Selasphorus platycercus al visitar flores de Penstemon roseus Evaluation of the use of visual and location cues by the Broad-tailed hummingbird (Selasphorus platycercusforaging in flowers of Penstemon roseus

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    Guillermo Pérez

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available En los colibríes la memoria espacial desempeña un papel importante durante el forrajeo. Éste se basa en el uso de señales específicas (visuales o en señales espaciales (localización de flores y plantas con néctar. Sin embargo, el uso de estas señales por los colibríes puede variar de acuerdo con la escala espacial que enfrentan cuando visitan flores de una o más plantas durante el forrajeo; ésto se puso a prueba con individuos del colibrí cola-ancha Selasphorus platycercus. Por otro lado, para evaluar la posible variación en el uso de las señales, se llevaron a cabo experimentos en condiciones semi-naturales utilizando flores de la planta Penstemon roseus, nativa del sitio de estudio. A través de la manipulación de la presencia/ausencia de una recompensa (néctar y señales visuales, evaluamos el uso de la memoria espacial durante el forrajeo entre 2 plantas (experimento 1 y dentro de una sola planta (experimento 2. Los resultados demostraron que los colibríes utilizaron la memoria de localización de la planta de cuyas flores obtuvieron recompensa, independientemente de la presencia de señales visuales. Por el contrario, en flores individuales de una sola planta, después de un corto periodo de aprendizaje los colibríes pueden utilizar las señales visuales para guiar su forrajeo y discriminar las flores sin recompensa. Asimismo, en ausencia de señales visuales los individuos basaron su forrajeo en la memoria de localización de la flor con recompensa visitada previamente. Estos resultados sugieren plasticidad en el comportamiento de forrajeo de los colibríes influenciada por la escala espacial y por la información adquirida en visitas previas.In hummingbirds spatial memory plays an important role during foraging. It is based in use of specific cues (visual or spatial cues (location of flowers and plants with nectar. However, use of these cues by hummingbirds may change according to the spatial scale they face when visit

  12. Growth and production of nasturtium flowers in three hydroponic solutions Crescimento e produção de flores de nastúrcio cultivado em hidroponia com três soluções nutritivas

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    Evanisa Fátima RQ Melo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This experiment was carried out during April to August 2003 in a greenhouse at the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. The growth and production of nasturtium flowers (Tropaeolum majus in hydroponics NFT system was typified. Treatments were displayed in a 3x11 factorial, with six replications, in entirely randomized experimental design, and were composed of three nutrition solutions and 11 assessment dates. Each plant was separated between aerial part and root for the evaluation of dry mass. The blossoming started 49 days after the transplant (DAT. The plants presented good development in hydroponics, as well as growing dry mass, stature, leaf area and IAF, during the cycle. The culture's growth rate presented larger accumulation of leaf mass from 49 DAT on, in linear relation. Biological productivity was adjusted to a 2nd degree equation. Nutrition solutions did not show statistical differences, however, Furlani (1997 solution was the most reasonably priced.Com o objetivo de caracterizar o crescimento e produção de flores de nastúrcio (Tropaeolum majus em hidroponia, no sistema NFT, conduziu-se um experimento em casa de vegetação da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, de abril a agosto de 2003. O experimento foi um fatorial 3x11 com seis repetições, em delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, sendo os tratamentos constituídos de três soluções nutritivas e 11 datas de avaliação. Dividiu-se cada planta em parte aérea e raiz para avaliação da fitomassa seca. A floração iniciou aos 49 dias após o transplante (DAT. A planta apresentou bom desenvolvimento em hidroponia sendo a produção de fitomassa seca crescente durante o ciclo, bem como a estatura, a área foliar e o IAF. A taxa de crescimento da cultura apresentou maior acúmulo de fitomassa a partir dos 49 DAT com relação linear. A produtividade biológica ajustou-se a uma equação do 2º grau. As soluções nutritivas n

  13. Abelhas (Hymenoptera: Apoidea visitantes das flores de urucum em Vitória da Conquista, BA Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea visitors of the annatto flowers in Vitória da Conquista, Bahia State, Brazil

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    Augusto Jorge Cavalcante Costa

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O urucum é um arbusto da família Bixaceae, utilizado na fabricação de corantes naturais para a indústria alimentícia e cosmética. No Brasil, somente nos últimos 15 anos, houve maior interesse pelo cultivo, pois se tornou uma alternativa agrícola promissora. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo identificar as abelhas visitantes das flores do urucuzeiro em Vitória da Conquista, BA. O trabalho foi conduzido no campo experimental da UESB, em uma lavoura do tipo cultivado Peruana Paulista. A coleta das abelhas visitantes foi feita na época principal de floração do urucueiro: março/abril, das 6h às 18h. Foram coletadas 3019 abelhas de 22 espécies, com predominância na visitação das 8h às 14h em relação ao número de indivíduos e número de espécies capturadas. As espécies mais freqüentes foram: Trigona spinipes (Fabricius, Apis mellifera L., Schwarziana quadripunctata (Lepeletier e Tetragonisca angustula (Latreille. Espécies de maior porte, como Xylocopa frontalis (Olivier, Bombus morio (Swederus e Eulaema nigrita Lepeletier, consideradas como eficientes na polinização da cultura do urucum, não foram abundantes neste estudo.Annatto is a shrub from Bixaceae family, which natural pigment (annatto is widely used in food and cosmetic industries. In Brazil, the interest for this crop started in the last fifteen years, once it became a promising agricultural alternative. This study was aimed at identifing visitor bees of annatto flowers at the agriculture region of Vitória da Conquista (BA. The research was carried out in the experimental field of UESB, in an experimental plot planted with the cv. Peruana Paulista. The visitor bees were collected during the main blooming period: March/April, between 6:00h and 18:00h. A total of 3,019 bees from 22 species was collected, with higher visitation during the period from 8:00 to 14:00h, regarding the number of individuals and species. The species most frequent were Trigona spinipes

  14. Aves explorando flores de Erythrina fusca (Leguminosae, Fabaceae durante a estação seca no Pantanal de Mato Grosso Exploitation of Erythrina fusca (Leguminosae, Fabaceae flowers by birds during the dry season in Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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    Ricardo Parrini

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Estudos recentes têm evidenciado a importância de flores como recurso alimentar de diversas espécies de aves neotropicais. Este estudo teve o objetivo de listar espécies e descrever o comportamento das aves que se alimentaram de recursos florais de Erythrina fusca (Fabaceae no Pantanal Mato-Grossense. Para isso, foram acompanhadas aves que se alimentaram em 14 árvores floridas dessa espécie em um total de cerca de 25 horas de observação. Como resultados, 20 espécies de aves pertencentes a sete famílias taxonômicas foram observadas alimentando-se de recursos florais de E. fusca. Apesar de várias espécies de aves terem apresentado comportamentos destrutivos em maior proporção, algumas espécies, sobretudo das famílias Trochilidae e Icteridae, apresentaram estratégias alimentares compatíveis com o transporte de pólen. O cruzamento dos dados obtidos neste estudo com os da literatura indicam que a família Icteridae pode ter relevante papel na polinização dessa espécie vegetal.Recent studies reported the importance of flowers in the diet of many Neotropical bird species. In this paper we identify and describe the feeding behaviour of bird species that feed on flower resources of Erythrina fusca (Fabaceae in the Pantanal Mato-Grossense, Brazil. We recorded birds foraging in 14 flowered individuals of E. fusca during 25 hours of observation. We recorded 20 bird species belonging to seven families feeding on the flowers. Several of the observed behaviours were destructive, despite some species, especially the Trochilidae and Icteridae, showed feeding strategies that preserve the integrity of the flowers and are compatible with pollen transportation. The comparison of the data gathered in this study with the available literature indicates that the Icteridae may play an important role in pollination of this tree species.

  15. PRODUÇÃO DE FRUTOS DE ABÓBORA HÍBRIDA PELA APLICAÇÃO DE 2,4-D NAS FLORES HYBRID SQUASH FRUIT PRODUCTION WITH THE APPLICATION OF 2.4-D ON THE FLOWERS

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    Antônio Pasqualetto

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Para contornar as falhas no processo de polinização da abóbora híbrida “Tetsukabuto” e assegurar o perfeito desenvolvimento dos frutos, pode ser adotado o uso de substâncias químicas que estimulam a partenocarpia. Objetivou-se portanto avaliar seu desempenho em função de doses crescentes de Ácido 2,4 Diclorofenoxacético (0, 50, 100, 150 e 200mg/L de 2,4-D aplicadas nas flores femininas. Os resultados demonstraram que a dose de 150 mg/L de 2,4-D tendeu a elevar o número de frutos por planta e o peso médio dos frutos por planta. Todavia, a significância somente foi demonstrada para peso total de frutos por planta, com acréscimo na produção na ordem de 68,10% em comparação com a testemunha.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVE: 2,4-D; abóbora híbrida; frutos.

    For turn round the imperfect in the squash hybrid pollination process “Tetsukabuto” and to assure the fruits perfect development, it can be adopted the chemical substances use that stimulate parthenocarpy. It objectified therefore evaluate your performance in increasing doses function of 2.4–D (0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mg/L de 2.4-D applied in the feminine flowers. The results demonstrated that the dose of 150 mg/L of 2.4-D tended to elevate the fruits number for plant and the middleweight of the fruits for plant, however, significative only was going demonstrated for fruits total weight for plant, with increase in the production in the order of 68.10% when compared the control.

    KEY-WORDS: 2,4-D; hybrid squash; fruits.

  16. Mariage, alliance, coexistence interreligieuse et ethnicité chez les Riung de Florès (Indonésie orientale Marriage, Alliance, Inter-Religious Coexistence and Ethnicity among the Riung of Flores, Eastern Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nao-Cosme Rémon

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Alors qu’islam et christianisme tendent à être perçus dans le discours national comme fortement antagonistes, les Riung de Florès (Indonésie orientale, musulmans ou catholiques, ne les traitent pas en catégories mutuellement exclusives. Le système local d’organisation sociale et de parenté et la relation asymétrique entre donneurs et preneurs de femmes demeurant solides, les liens d’alliances matrimoniales et ancestrales cimentent les relations entre acteurs sociaux, qu’ils soient ou non de même religion. Comme l’adoption historique locale des grandes religions, la conversion moderne par mariage est surtout pragmatique et le « flux de vie » lié au transfert des femmes s’accompagne d’un incessant « flux religieux ». La société riung, issue d’une longue tradition de flexibilité et de tolérance, continue de fonctionner au-delà des distinctions identitaires religieuses et les fêtes chrétiennes ou musulmanes, comme les cérémonies traditionnelles, sont autant d’occasions pour les groupes d’échange locaux de réaffirmer la nature de leur relation et d’entretenir l’orientation du flux de vie.While Islam and Christianity tend in the national discourse to be perceived as highly contradictory, the Riung of Flores (Eastern Indonesia, Moslems and Catholics alike, view them as non mutually exclusive categories. As the local system of social organization and kinship and the asymmetrical relationship between wife givers and wife takers remain momentous, ancestral and matrimonial alliances still sustain social relations, irrespective of differing faiths. Just like the historical local conversion to Christianity and Islam, current conversion through intermarriage is mainly an ad hoc decision, and the “flow of life” connected to the transfer of women is paralleled by a steady “religious flux”. Riung society, with its long tradition of flexibility and tolerance, still functions despite differing religious

  17. Influência do dano da abelha-irapuá em flores de mirtileiro sobre a frutificação efetiva e as frutas produzidas Damage influence of the irapuá bee on blueberry flower over the effective fruit production and the fruits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Madruga Telesca da Silveira

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A abelha-irapuá, Trigona spinipes, é considerada um inseto-praga de várias culturas, por se alimentar de folhas e principalmente de flores e frutos. Os objetivos deste trabalho foram caracterizar o dano provocado pela irapuá em flores de mirtileiro (Vaccinium ashei Read. e avaliar a frutificação efetiva e a qualidade da fruta produzida. O experimento foi conduzido no pomar experimental de mirtileiro, da Embrapa Clima Temperado em Pelotas, RS. Foram marcadas 200 flores de mirtileiro, seleção 103, sendo 100 destas com dano feito pela irapuá e 100 sem o dano. Após a floração, foi observada a frutificação efetiva, e por ocasião da colheita, foram determinados o teor de sólidos solúveis totais (SST, o diâmetro dos frutos e o número de sementes por fruto. O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente casualizado. Nas flores sem danos da irapuá, houve maior percentagem de frutificação efetiva, e as frutas oriundas das mesmas apresentaram maior diâmetro e maior quantidade de sementes. O teor de SST nas frutas de mirtilo, oriundas tanto das flores com dano como daquelas sem dano, foi semelhante. Esses resultados sugerem que a T. spinipes é prejudicial à cultura do mirtilo, principalmente na época de floração, pois os danos causados pelo inseto provocaram baixa frutificação, frutas de tamanho reduzido e com menor quantidade de sementes.The irapuá Trigona spinipes is considered a pest insect of several crops because it feeds on their leaves, flowers and fruits. The aim of this study was to characterize the damage caused by irapuá on blueberry flowers (Vaccinium ashei over the fruit set and fruit quality. The experiment was conducted in a blueberry collection of Embrapa Clima Temperado, in Pelotas, RS. Two hundred flowers were observed, being one hundred of them with irapuá damage and the other 100 flowers without damage. The fruit set was recorded as well as the level of soluble solids (TSS, the fruit diameter and number

  18. Flowers, fruits, and the abundance of the yellow-chevroned parakeet (Brotogeris chiriri at a gallery forest in the South Pantanal (Brazil Flores, frutos e abundância do periquito-de-asa-amarela (Brotogeris chiriri em uma mata ciliar do Pantanal Sul (Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Ragusa-Netto

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Parakeets usually forage for massive and ephemeral plant resources at forest canopies. Fruit pulp is widely cited as a major food resource for these birds, which often eat seeds and nectar. In this study, I assessed flower and fruit production at a gallery forest in the Pantanal flood plain (Brazil in order to evaluate the relationship between food resource production and abundance of a common parakeet, Brotogeris chiriri. Also, I evaluated the relationship between food resource production and foraging activity. Parakeet abundance varied markedly along the year, coinciding with massive episodes of flower and fleshy fruit availability. Inga vera nectar, intensely used during the latter part of dry season, was by far the most exploited food item by parakeets when they were very abundant. The nectar comprised 34% of the parakeets' diet (N = 131 feeding records at the gallery forest, while fleshy fruits made up the rest. Parakeets principally exploited fruits of Cecropia pachystachya and Ficus luschnathiana, besides palm fruits and Inga vera arils. The consistent relationship between foraging activity and parakeet abundance, as well as the coincidence between fluctuations of these parameters and availability of major food resources, suggests that food availability mostly influenced B. chiriri occurrence in the gallery forest. Furthermore, I found no evidence for gallery forest use for roosting and/or breeding, in spite of the fact that such factors usually influence local parakeet abundance.Periquitos normalmente exploram recursos massivos e efêmeros no dossel das florestas tropicais. Dentre os itens alimentares mais utilizados está a polpa de frutos, embora sementes e néctar também sejam consumidos. Neste estudo, foi avaliada a produção de flores e frutos em uma mata ciliar do Pantanal (Brasil e sua relação com a abundância do periquito Brotogeris chiriri. Além disso, avaliaram-se as relações entre a produção de flores e frutos e o

  19. Étude des vestiges ligneux et leur apport à la connaissance de la dynamique de la flore et de l’architecture ancienne grassfields à l’Ouest -Cameroun

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    Bienvenu Denis Nizesete

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available

    Résumé: Entre 1988 et 2012, nous avons prélevé dans la région de l’Ouest-Cameroun, 450 fragments ligneux sur divers anciens objets manufacturés. Ils ont ensuite fait l’objet d’une identification anatomique en vue de la détermination botanique des arbres d’où ils étaient issus. Les analyses scientifiques dans des laboratoires spécialisés, ont révélé la présence des essences de bois aux caractéristiques physiques, mécaniques, technologiques et esthétiques plurielles et convenant aux usages les plus variés. Elles ont également permis d’observer la présence de certaines espèces d’arbres caractéristiques d’une flore forestière aujourd’hui disparue dans les Grassfields. De ce fait, il ressort que la flore forestière primaire de l’Ouest- Cameroun a progressivement cédé la place à un couvert végétal moins arborescent. Sous l’effet de plusieurs siècles de déboisement intensif, conduite par une population anciennement installée et à la croissance démographique soutenue, le potentiel ligneux a connu une forte réduction mais n’a pas totalement disparu. Dans les lambeaux de ce couvert végétal composite en mutation constante, les hommes ont exploité des arbres aux caractéristiques physiques, mécaniques, technologiques et esthétiques diverses. Leur parfaite connaissance de ces ressources, fruit de plusieurs siècles d’observation et d’expérience, leur a permis d’affecter avec compétence, un bois donné à un usage particulier: sculpture, architecture, récipients, tabourets, outils agricoles, ponts, combustibles, etc. L’étude particulière de l’architecture à travers la case bamiléké, est une parfaite illustration du savoir et du savoir-faire des artisans bamiléké, en matière de gestion des ressources ligneuses dans un environnement naturel dynamique et dans un secteur d’activité requérant pour chacune de ses composantes, des bois adaptés à des usages sp

  20. Rod Porina (Porinaceae, lichenes) vo flore Kavkaza

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Urbanavichus, G.; Vondrák, Jan; Urbanavichene, I.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 102, č. 4 (2017), s. 563-576 ISSN 0006-8136 Institutional support: RVO:67985939 Keywords : lichens * distribution * Northern Caucasus Subject RIV: EF - Botanics OBOR OECD: Plant sciences, botany

  1. CARACTERISATION DE LA FLORE ADVENTICE HYPOGEE DANS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    Méthodes d'étude des semences enfouies dans les sols des milieux cultivés et non cultivés de la station expérimentale de l'IRCA. Côte d'Ivoire. Mémoire de DEA., Ecologie végétale,. Université d'Abidjan-Cocody, Côte d'Ivoire,. 50 p. Ballo B. 2000. Etude Monographique de quelques adventices Dicotylédones de la station.

  2. Javier Villa-Flores and Sonya

    OpenAIRE

    Langue, Frédérique

    2017-01-01

    Conçu sous la forme de contributions se faisant écho sur le thème des émotions et de leur expression au quotidien, cet ouvrage revisite aussi bien le thème des « émotions personnelles » (tristesse, joie, désir, jalousie, violence) que les enjeux de pouvoir sur lesquels se fondent les relations entre émotions et institutions en situation coloniale. Les arguments déployés lors de procès et de mises en accusation par-devant les tribunaux civils ou ecclésiastiques, notamment par des contrevenants...

  3. Notes à La Flore de Corse, XXV

    OpenAIRE

    Jeanmonod, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    These “notes” deal with 110 noteworthy taxa amongst which 21 are new to the island's flora. One of these taxa is native: Reseda alba subsp. hookeri and 20 are introduced: Abies pinsapo, Acer ×coriaceum, Albizia julibrissin, Arundo micrantha, Azolla filiculoides, Bolboschoenus laticarpus, Digitaria ciliaris, Digitaria violascens, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. globulus, Genista januensis subsp. lydia, Hedera helix subsp. maroccana, Morus kagayamae, Oenothera rosea, Paspalum vaginatum, Puccinelli...

  4. De flores, brotes y palmitos: alimentos olvidados

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    Romano González Arce

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Muchos de los alimentos que aprovecharon nuestros antepasados fueron relegados a alimentos subexplotados por los procesos de conquista o por la desaparición de sus hábitats naturales. Este trabajo exploró las razones de este cambio y el potencial nutricional, agronómico y comercial de un grupo de estos alimentos: las hortalizas subexplotadas. Se realizó a partir de fuentes documentales y entrevistas a personas, generalmente adultos mayores, de diferentes partes del país durante el 2003 y el 2005. Las principales razones que explican el desuso de estos alimentos son: la introducción de hortalizas foráneas, que redujo el estatus de las nativas; la destrucción del hábitat propio de las diferentes especies; la modificación de las técnicas agrícolas que facilitaban su crecimiento; y la urbanización progresiva que redujo el espacio para los solares tradicionales. Estas plantas, por ser nativas, están totalmente adaptadas al clima y suelos del país, por lo que iniciar procesos de domesticación no resulta difícil. Se requiere mayor investigación en biología, etnobotánica, agronomía, química, y nutrición antes de promover su consumo masivo. Pero son fuente de nutrimentos para las poblaciones rurales del país.

  5. 1963-IJBCS-Article-Ngomeni Arlende Flore

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    5.140 abcdefg. AM x BA. NCRE gp2 8 x Cam Inb gp117. 41. 5.081 abcdefg. BA x BA. 87036 x ATP-S4-25W. 7. 5.033 abcdefgh. AM x BA. 87036 x cml 254. 8. 4.979 abcdefghi. AM x BA. M131 x ATP-S4-25W. 24. 4.977 abcdefghi. AM x BA. M131 x Cam Inb gp117. 23. 4.951 abcdefghij. AM x BA. 88094 x Cam Inb gp117. 30.

  6. Mortalidade de abelhas visitantes de flores de Caesalpinia peltophoroides Benth (Leguminosae no estado de São Paulo, Brasil Mortality of bees visiting Caesalpinia peltophoroides Benth (Leguminosae flowers in the state of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Del Lama

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available É relatada a mortalidade de abelhas (213 fêmeas e 60 machos pertencentes a 20 espécies ao visitarem as inflorescências de Caesalpinia peltophoroides. A presença presumida de um composto tóxico no néctar mostrou grande variação espacial e temporal. Árvores individuais produziram ou não mortalidade de abelhas em diferentes períodos de floração e árvores vizinhas mostraram efeitos distintos em cada floração. A toxicidade sobre as abelhas foi igualmente variável. A maior parte das abelhas morria logo após visitarem as flores; algumas mostravam sinais de narcose, morrendo em seguida; poucas, após um período de narcose, deixaram este estado e voaram. Utilizando o índice de desgaste alar foram observadas abelhas jovens (29%, velhas (26% e de idade intermediária (45% (n = 227 entre as abelhas mortas. Se a presença do presumido composto tóxico afeta ou não o fitness da planta requer inicialmente a identificação de qual(is fator(es elicia(m seu aparecimento. Uma vez que C. peltophoroides é amplamente utilizada em projetos paisagísticos urbanos, é necess��rio estimar o potencial efeito negativo sobre as comunidades de abelhas que vivem em áreas urbanas de diferentes regiões do Brasil. Até que este efeito seja conhecido, recomenda-se aos profissionais do planejamento urbano a não utilização paisagística da sibipiruna em nossas cidades.It is reported the mortality of bees (213 females and 60 males belonging to 20 species when visiting the inflorescences of Caesalpinia peltophoroides. The presumed presence of a toxic compound in the nectar showed considerable spatial and temporal variation. Sibipiruna trees may or may not kill bees during different flowering periods and neighboring trees showed distinct effects on bee mortality. The toxicity effect on bees was quite variable. Most of the bees died immediately after visiting some flowers; a few showed signals of narcosis, but after some time they came out of this state

  7. Controle de doenças foliares e de flores e qualidade pós-colheita do morangueiro tratado com Saccharomyces cerevisiae Control of leaf and flower diseases and postharvest quality of strawberry plants treated with Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo de Gouvea

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O efeito de diferentes preparações de Saccharomyces cerevisiae foi avaliado sobre o desenvolvimento das doenças do morangueiro, como mancha-de-micosferela (Mycosphaerella fragariae, mancha-de-dendrofoma (Dendrophoma obscurans e flor-preta (Colletotrichum acutatum além da qualidade pós-colheita dos frutos. O trabalho foi realizado entre 2004 e 2005 na Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Campus Dois Vizinhos. Os tratamentos consistiram de pulverizações semanais de cinco diferentes preparados a partir da levedura S. cerevisiae: suspensão com fermento biológico fresco comercial, suspensão de células de levedura, suspensão autoclavada de células, filtrado de cultura em meio líquido e Agro-MOS®, produto comercial formulado a partir da levedura, além da testemunha com água destilada e do tratamento controle com fungicidas. Nenhuma das preparações apresentou efeito contra a mancha-de-micosferela; preparações com a presença de células vivas e o produto Agro-MOS® apresentaram efeito contra mancha-de-dendrofoma; preparações com suspensão do produto comercial e filtrado de cultura líquida reduziram a incidência de flor-preta em flores e frutos. Preparações de S. cerevisiae com suspensão de células, suspensão autoclavada de células e filtrado de cultura líquida promoveram aumento na produtividade dos morangueiros que variou de 589,6 a 617,8 g planta-1. Preparações de S. cerevisiae, com presença de células vivas ou não, alteraram o metabolismo do morangueiro, aumentando a atividade das enzimas quitinase e glucanase, envolvidas na resistência sistêmica adquirida. Todos os tratamentos, com exceção do tratamento com suspensão autoclavada de células, reduziram a incidência de mofo-cinzento em pós-colheita de frutos.The effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was evaluated on the development of strawberry diseases and postharvest quality of fruits. The research was carried out in 2004 and 2005 in Paraná State

  8. Área foliar e número de flores de nastúrcio sob duas densidades de plantio Leaf area and flower number of nasturtium in two plant densities

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    Sidinei José Lopes

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Estimou-se a área foliar do nastúrcio (Tropaeolum majus L. por métodos não destrutivos e determinou-se a variação temporal da área foliar e do número de flores sob duas densidades de plantas em dois experimentos, em estufa plástica, na UFSM. No primeiro experimento calculou-se a área foliar a partir da análise de 50 folhas, provenientes de dez plantas, através de imagens digitais, relacionando-a à estimativa da área foliar feita a partir de discos foliares. Correlacionou-se também a área foliar à medida de quatro diagonais das folhas: medida sobre a nervura principal, perpendicular à nervura principal e duas medidas transversais à nervura principal. Obteve-se coeficiente de determinação (r² de 0,94 (p Two experiments were conducted in a plastic greenhouses in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, to estimate the nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus L. leaf area through non destructive methods, as well as to study the leaf area and flower number variation in time, in two planting densities. In the first experiment, leaf area was assessed using 50 leaves harvested out of ten plants through digital image. This calculated value was then compared to leaf area estimation obtained using leaf disks. In addition, leaf area was correlated to the following leaf diagonals: main rib, perpendicular to the main rib, and two transversal measures to the main rib. A determination coefficient (r² of 0,94 (p<0,05 was obtained for leaf area calculated through digital images and leaf disks. The leaf area formula 0,8906x², where x corresponds to the measure on the main rib, presented the largest determination coefficient (r² = 0,99; p<0,05 among the four tested diagonals. In the second experiment, two plant densities were tested: 0.60 x 0.50 m and 0.30 x 0.25 respectively between plants and rows. For each plant density, leaf area was estimated using the equation adjusted for the length of the main rib. Main rib was measured in all leaves

  9. Cosecha temprana, apertura forzada y vida en el vaso de flores de cuatro variedades de clavel (Dianthus cariophyllus L., en invierno y en verano Early harvest, forced flower opening and vase life of four varieties of carnation (Dianthus cariophyllus L. in winter and summer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. de. L. Avila

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó la cosecha temprana y la apertura forzada de pimpollos con sacarosa, en invierno y en verano, en flores de 4 variedades de clavel (Moresco, Mabel, Nov y Golden Odino. Las flores fueron cosechadas en cinco estados de desarrollo, desde botón cerrado hasta flor abierta (estados 0 al 4, hidratadas en frío (2 ºC con una solución de tiosulfato de plata (0,1 M durante 24 horas y luego transfe ridas a una solución de ácido cítrico (500 mg l-1 y citrato de hydroxyquinoleina (60 mg l-1; la solución de apertura contenía, además, 100 g l-1 de sacarosa. Cuando se completó la apertura de la flor se evaluó tamaño, intensidad de color y vida en el vaso. El tamaño de la flor fue similar en invierno y verano en las varie dades Moresco, Golden Odino y Nov, sin embargo, en todas las variedades la vida en el vaso fue menor en verano. El agregado de sacarosa mejoró la aper tura, el tamaño de las flores e intensificó los colores en todas las variedades y estados de corte. La mayor calidad se logró combinando el agregado de saca rosa y la cosecha en estado 0 -1 en verano y 2 -3 en invierno.Early harvest and forced flower opening with sucrose addition in the preservative solution effects were evaluated during winter and summer, in Moresco, Mabel, Nov and Golden Odino carnation varieties. The flowers were harvested at five dif ferent stages of development: from tight flower buds to open flowers (state 0 to 4. Immediately, these were hydrated during 24 h using a silver thiosulfate solution (0,1 M at 2 ºC. Then, the flowers were treated with a preservative solution containing citric acid (500 mg l-1 and hydroxyquinoline citrate (60 mg l-1, with and without sucrose (100 g l-1. Petal color, vase life and flower size were evaluated when the full open flower stage was obtained. The flower size was similar during winter and summer in Moresco, Nov and Golden Odino, but the vase life was significantly reduced in the summer. The sucrose addition

  10. Uso de soluções de manutenção contendo ácido cítrico, cloro ou 8-HQC na conservação pós-colheita de flores cortadas de gérbera ‘Suzanne’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Fernanda Berlingieri Durigan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho foram utilizados diferentes compostos químicos em diferentes concentrações, comumente usados por produtores e indicados comercialmente, com o objetivo de aumentar a vida de vaso e proporcionar a manutenção das boas características qualitativas e observar seus efeitos sobre a fisiologia de hastes cortadas de gérberas ‘Suzanne’. Após o tratamento de “pulsing”, feito na área de produção (cloro a 100 mg.L-1, por 4 horas, as flores recém-cortadas foram levadas ao laboratório e colocadas em diferentes soluções de manutenção (tratamentos. O experimento foi conduzido segundo um delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial, com seis tratamentos, quatro épocas de análise e três repetições, com três hastes cada uma. Foram utilizadas, durante o armazenamento, as seguintes soluções: 1 Água destilada; 2 Ácido cítrico à 64 g.L-1; 3 Cloro à 25 mg.L-14 Cloro à 50 mg.L-1 5 8 – Hidroxiquinolina (8-HQC à 25 mg.L-1 ; 6 8-HQC à 50 mg.L-1. As hastes foram mantidas sob condições controladas de laboratório (20°C; 70% UR. A cada cinco dias elas foram analisadas quanto à atividade respiratória, perda de massa fresca, perda de massa seca, conteúdo relativo de água (CRA, quantidade de solução absorvida pelas hastes (absorção, cor (luminosidade, ângulo de cor e cromaticidade, teores de carboidratos solúveis e redutores e de pigmentos (carotenoides. Também foram qualificadas quanto à aparência e quantificadas quanto à porcentagem de hastes tombadas e longevidade das flores. Este experimento possibilitou verificar a baixa eficiência do ácido cítrico na concentração usada e o menor efeito prejudicial do cloro e da 8-HQC em concentrações mais baixas que as usualmente recomendadas, o que levou à manutenção da boa qualidade das flores por um maior período de tempo.

  11. ANALIZA MORFO-FUNCŢIONALĂ A TERITORIULUI COMUNEI FLOREŞTI (JUDEŢUL CLUJ ŞI APRECIEREA GRADULUI DE VULNERABILITATE LOCALĂ LA PROCESELE GEOMORFICE DE RISC (Morpho-functional analysis of the floreşti commune (cluj county and local vulnerability assessment of the geomorphic processes of risk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIU-FLORIN FONOGEA

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify, from a detailed analysis, current inadequacies existing in the territory as result of multiple interactions between the natural elements, structure and functions of the settlement, and to propose remedial solutions and optimize the functionality of territorial medium and long term. given the temporal-spatial development and the multitude and magnitude of changes in the geographic area of the Floreşti Commune action identification and analysis of anthropogenic changes was based on two major criteria: temporal criterion and the criterion of diversity. given the complexity geosystems corridors valley area, which falls within the dimensions analyzed and human impact, the analysis focused mainly on geomorphological subsystem of the contact area.

  12. Regionalização das temperaturas mínimas do ar prejudiciais à fecundação das flores de arroz para a região climática da depressão central, RS

    OpenAIRE

    Buriol,Galileo Adeli; Estefanel,Valduíno; Steinmetz,Sílvio; Schvambach,Jacques Leandro; Didone,Marino Antônio

    2000-01-01

    Foram mapeadas as probabilidades de ocorrência de temperaturas mínimas do ar prejudiciais à fecundação das flores de arroz na Região Climática da Depressão Central do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Utilizaram-se os valores de probabilidade de ocorrência de temperaturas mínimas do ar iguais ou inferiores a 13, 15 e 17°C em um ou mais dias, cinco ou mais dias e dei ou mais dias para os meses de dezembro, janeiro, fevereiro e março. As isolinhas de probabilidade foram traçadas em um mapa ipsom...

  13. Box-Behnken design for optimizing the acid blue dye adsorption on flower wastes Diseño Box-Behnken para la optimización de la adsorción del colorante azul ácido sobre residuos de flores

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    Ana Cristina Jaramillo Madrid

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we identified the best conditions for the removal of Acid Blue 9 dye (AB9 using ower wastes (FW as an adsorbent were determined using a full factorial 23 and a Box-Behnken design for further optimization. Adsorbent dose (D, dye concentration (C and contact time (t, were the assessed variables. The dye content was quantied by UV-Vis spectrometry. The statistical model presented an adequate adjustment coecient (R2 = 99,18%, allowing to achieve a removal of 98,5% with a dosage of 7,8 gL-1, dye concentration of 7,11 mgL-1 and contact time of 104 min. These results suggest that owers wastes are an alternative and potential adsorbent material for the treatment of dissolved acid dyes. En este artículo se determinaron las mejores condiciones para la remoción del colorante Azul Ácido 9 (AA9 a través de un diseño factorial completo 23 y su posterior optimización mediante un diseño de superficie Box-Behnken utilizando tallos de flores (TF como material adsorbente. Las variables evaluadas fueron dosis de adsorbente (D, concentración de colorante (C y tiempo de contacto (t. El contenido del colorante se cuantificó por espectrometría UV-Vis. El modelo estadístico presentó un adecuado coeficiente de ajuste (R2 = 99,18 %, permitiendo alcanzar una remoción del 98,5% con una dosificación de 7,8 gL-1, concentración de colorante de 11,7 mgL-1 y tiempo de contacto de 104 min. Estos resultados sugieren que los residuos de flores constituyen un material adsorbente alternativo y potencial para el tratamiento de colorantes ácidos disueltos.

  14. Todas las forma de la extranjeridad en Flores de otro mundo, de Icíar Bollaín (1999: un ejemplo de la utilización del cine en la enseñanza de cultura española a estudiantes extranjeros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Peris Llorca

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available La película Flores de otro mundo (Bollaín Pérez-Mínguez, 1999 no es solo una excelente película, sino que presenta diversas posibilidades para su aprovechamiento en la enseñanza a estudiantes extranjeros. Se articula en torno a tres ejes temáticos que tienen en común el tema de la extranjeridad. Las mujeres llegadas al pueblo de Santa Eulalia, atraídas por la fiesta para solteros, son allí extranjeras a partir de la consideración de varios criterios imaginarios, culturales y también legales. Para empezar, todas ellas son mujeres llegadas a un pueblo mayoritariamente de hombres. Algunas de ellas, además, son de hecho inmigrantes latinoamericanas en la vieja Castilla. Todas son, de un modo u otro, urbanas o urbanizadas en el momento de llegar a la España rural. Estas tres líneas de sentido, la cuestión de género, la crisis del campo y la inmigración permiten desplegar ante el estudiante una extensa problemática, conmúltiples implicaciones.

  15. OCORRÊNCIA E DURAÇÃO DAS TEMPERATURAS MÍNIMAS DIÁRIAS DO AR PREJUDICIAIS À FECUNDAÇÃO DAS FLORES DO ARROZ EM SANTA MARIA. RS. III: PROBABILIDADES DE OCORRÊNCIA DA DURAÇÃO DAS TEMPERATURAS BAIXAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Miguel Schneider

    1992-04-01

    Full Text Available Utilizando os valores das temperaturas mínimas, máximas e das 21 h, hora local, dos meses de dezembro, janeiro, fevereiro e março registradas na Estação Climatológica Principal de Santa Maria, RS, determinaram-se as probabilidades de ocorrência da duração máxima de horas com temperatura do ar ≤ 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 e 17,0°C e de seqüências de dias consecutivos com no mínimo uma hora de duração com temperatura do ar ≤ 15, 16 e 17,0°C. Essas probabilidades foram obtidas para cada decêndio dos meses estudados. Os resultados evidenciam que o risco de ocorrência de temperaturas prejudiciais à fecundação das flores da cultura do arroz é bem menor no 2° e 3° decêndio do mês de fevereiro. Deve-se, portanto, semear e/ou escolher ciclo de cultivar de arroz que possibilite que a fase de floração ocorra durante o 2° e 3° decêndio do mês de fevereiro.

  16. “Hola, estáis en vuestra casa”: la negociación de conflictos culturales, étnicos y de género en Flores de otro mundo de Icíar Bollaín

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Leinen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En los años noventa llegó a los cines españoles un mayor número de películas dirigidas por mujeres que antes. Cuatro de esas directoras –Icíar Bollaín, Isabel Coixet, Judith Colell y Teresa de Pelegrí– no habían cumplido aún los treinta años cuando presentaron su primer largometraje y con él su visión de la sociedad española y la situación de la vida de las mujeres. Icíar Bollaín forma parte del grupo de directoras que imprimieron dinamismo a la esfera de la cinematografía española, que sigue dominada por los hombres (Pérez Millán 2003. En 1999, después de su debut como actriz en El sur (1983 y de su primer largometraje, Hola, ¿estás sola? (1995, finalizó su segunda película, Flores de otro mundo, cuyo guión había escrito con el escritor Julio Llamazares. La inspiración para esta película le vino por la noticia de la muerte de una colombiana, que había conocido a su marido español a través de un documental del programa Línea 900, “Soltero y solo en el campo”.

  17. The Sublime and French Seventeenth-Century Theories of the Spectacle : Toward an Aesthetic Approach to Performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Oostveldt, B.; Bussels, S.

    Theatre scholars and historians assume too easily that theoretical reflection on the performative qualities of the theatre began only in the eighteenth century. In mid-eighteenth century France, writers and philosophers such as Denis Diderot, Jean le Rond D'Alembert, Jean-Jacques Rousseau,

  18. Echt gemaakt: camp, barok en de culturele productie van het echte

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Port, M.

    2010-01-01

    The link that Jean-Jacques Rousseau forged a long time ago between the ‘real’ and the ‘natural’ has proved to be indissoluble. Time and again, contemporary constructions of the real mobilize all that can be linked to nature. Inauthentic, by contrast, is that which is fabricated, made-up, artificial,

  19. Young Mary Wollstonecraft's Schooling and Its Influence on Her Future Pioneering Agenda for the Rational Education of Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Leonard H.

    This paper presents biographical information about Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797), focusing especially on her education. The paper begins with an overview of the status of women's education, or lack of it, in 18th century England. It then describes Wollstonecraft's reaction to Jean Jacques Rousseau's views on women's education and the influence…

  20. Serge Dassault, chair of the Dassault Group and Socpresse and senator of Essonne, participated in the Amicable Economic and Social Council of France at CERN on 15 June.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2006-01-01

    Dassault visited the underground cavern of the ATLAS experiment together with his son, Olivier, and Jean Jacques Blaising, head of the Physics Department. The participants also toured the LHC magnet assembly and testing hall, and the surface assembly hall and experimental cavern of the CMS experiment.

  1. Are the children with epilepsy treated traditionally a disadvantaged ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Are the children with epilepsy treated traditionally a disadvantaged group? A pilot study. Thierry Matonda Ma Nzuzi, Gilbert Mananga Lelo, Magloire Mpembi Nkosi, Joule Madinga, Constantin Kabwe Kola, Vivi Maketa, Pascal Lutumba, Katja Polman, Marleen Boelaert, Jean-Jacques Muyembe, Samuel Mampunza Ma Miezi ...

  2. Short communication

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    raoul

    2011-03-14

    Mar 14, 2011 ... Zipporah Gatheru8, Patrick Wamae Maranga9, Alassane Dicko10, Adegoke Gbadegesin Falade11, Angeline Yvette Crescence Boula12, Stephanus. Benjamin Kuit13, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya14, Papa Salif Sow15, Nuruddin Lakhani16, Evans Mwila Mpabalwani17, Jean-Jacques Muyembe Tamfum18,.

  3. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Katja Polman, Marleen Boelaert, Jean-Jacques Muyembe, Samuel Mampunza Ma Miezi. Vol 25, No 1 (2016), Armillifer armillatus infestation in Human; public health scenario of a snake parasite: a report of three cases, Abstract. Joshua Oluwafemi Aiyekomogbon, Clement Adebajo Meseko, Olugbenga Olusola Abiodun.

  4. The Happy and Suffering Student? Rousseau's "Emile" and the Path Not Taken in Progressive Educational Thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintz, Avi I.

    2012-01-01

    One of the mantras of progressive education is that genuine learning ought to be exciting and pleasurable, rather than joyless and painful. To a significant extent, Jean-Jacques Rousseau is associated with this mantra. In a theme of "Emile" that is often neglected in the educational literature, however, Rousseau stated that "to suffer is the first…

  5. Rousseau's Imaginary Friend: Childhood, Play, and Suspicion of the Imagination in "Emile"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuffelton, Amy B.

    2012-01-01

    In this essay Amy Shuffelton considers Jean-Jacques Rousseau's suspicion of imagination, which is, paradoxically, offered in the context of an imaginative construction of a child's upbringing. First, Shuffelton articulates Rousseau's reasons for opposing children's development of imagination and their engagement in the sort of imaginative play…

  6. Alexander Meiklejohn in Search of Freedom and Dignity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Tony W.

    1982-01-01

    Assesses the contributions of the philosopher/educator Alexander Meiklejohn. Discusses the influences of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and the U.S. Constitution on Meiklejohn's educational theories, which stressed that human freedom and dignity can be enhanced by rigorous examination of U.S. Supreme Court decisions and the meaning of…

  7. Rousseau and the Fable: Rethinking the Fabulous Nature of Educational Philosophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Tyson E.

    2012-01-01

    In this essay Tyson Lewis reevaluates Jean-Jacques Rousseau's assessment of the pedagogical value of fables in Emile's education using Giorgio Agamben's theory of poetic production and Thomas Keenan's theory of the inherent ambiguity of the fable. From this perspective, the "unreadable" nature of the fable that Rousseau exposed is not simply the…

  8. Stalingradi lahing Berliini väravate all / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2001-01-01

    51. Berliini filmifestivalist, mis avatakse 7. veebruaril Saksamaa-Ameerika Ühendriikide koostööfilmiga "Vaenlane väravate ees" ("Enemy at the Gates") : režissöör Jean-Jacques Annaud. Ka teistest võistlevatest filmidest

  9. "Berlinale" algab Stalingradi lahinguga / Endel Link

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Link, Endel

    2001-01-01

    51. Berliini filmifestivalist, mis avatakse 7. veebruaril Saksamaa-Ameerika Ühendriikide koostööfilmiga "Vaenlane väravate ees" ("Enemy at the Gates") : režissöör Jean-Jacques Annaud. Kogu võistluskava kohta lühidalt

  10. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    George Orwell. Niccolo Paganini. Edgar Allan Poe. Jean Jacques Rousseau. Sir Walter Scott. Robert Louis Stevenson mycin alone, the rapid emergence of resistant strains soon made it clear that a combination of at least three and sometimes four drugs would be required to effectively combat the organism causing TB.

  11. Sõjafilmide ideoloogia muutumisest (seoses sisulise väljenduse ja vormiliste vahendite muutumisega) / Martin Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Martin, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    Sõjafilmide ideoloogilisest tasandist. Tähelepanekuid ja märkusi nelja filmi põhjal: "Casablanca" (rezh. Michael Curtiz, 1942), "Iwo Jima liivad" (rezh. Allan Dwan, 1949), "Reamees Ryani päästmine" (rezh. Steven Spielberg, 1998), "Vaenlane väravas" (rezh. Jean-Jacques Annaud, 2001)

  12. Seksuaalsus ja eksitus / Kärt Hellerma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hellerma, Kärt, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Kahe 1992.a. mängufilmi võrdlev analüüs - Jean-Jacques Annaud' "Armuke" ("L'Amant") ja Paul Verhoeveni "Ürginstinkt" ("Basic Instinct"). Artikkel ilmus esmakordselt ajakirjas Teater. Muusika. Kino, 1994, nr. 8-9

  13. Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy - Vol 14, No 2 (2014)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The theory of freedom in Jean Jacques Rousseau: A critical assessment · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. E M Ome, 7-12. Sartre's Contingency of Being and Asouzu's Principle of Causality · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ...

  14. European Scientific Notes. Volume 36, Number 11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-30

    language, and linguistics with a Matignon. M. Jean -Jacques Servan-Schrieber pilot project in Marseilles, France. Third, was appointed chief executive...at forefront of the tiscipline at the Univ. of MIT under the direction of Professor Seymour Geneva, where Piaget did his fundamental Papert. The

  15. Exploring Fear: Rousseau, Dewey, and Freire on Fear and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, Andrea; Stengel, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    Fear is not the first feature of educational experience associated with the best-known progressive educational theorists--Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Dewey, and Paolo Freire. But each of these important thinkers did, in fact, have something substantive to say about how fear functions in the processes of learning and growth. Andrea English and…

  16. Who Won the Debate in Women Education? Rousseau or Wollstonecraft?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owusu-Gyamfi, Clifford

    2016-01-01

    Curriculum framework in the education of children became debatable during the enlightenment. Jean-Jacque Rousseau's treatise, "Emile," outlined an educational curriculum based on natural rights. Rousseau thought education should be based on espousing and exploring the natural abilities of a person. Therefore, since women have a natural…

  17. The Growth of Democratic Tradition: The Age of Enlightenment. Tenth Grade Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Marie A.

    This lesson plan begins with an overview of the age of enlightenment and those ideas that influenced the founders of the United States. The lesson plan provides information sheets about five enlightenment thinkers: John Locke (1632-1704), Mary Wolstonecraft (1759-1898), Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755), Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1788), and John…

  18. Jumala poliitika / Mark Lilla ; tlk. Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lilla, Mark

    2007-01-01

    Jumala olemasolust, kosmose ülesehitusest, hingest, asjade algusest ja lõpust poliitilises teoloogias. Inglise filosoofi Thomas Hobbes'i poliitilise teoloogia mõjudest lääne liberaal-demokraatlikule ühiskonnale. Peale Prantsuse revolutsiooni tekkinud Jean-Jacques Rousseau "liberaalsest teoloogiast" ja selle arengutest kuni tänapäevani. Poliitilise teoloogia ja liberaalse demokraatia vastuoludest

  19. Antecedent causes of a measles resurgence in the Democratic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Heather Melissa Scobie, Benoît Kebela Ilunga, Audry Mulumba, Calixte Shidi, Tiekoura Coulibaly, Ricardo Obama, Jean- Jacques Muyembe Tamfum, Elisabeth Pukuta Simbu, Sheilagh Brigitte Smit, Balcha Masresha, Robert Tyrrell Perry, Mary Margaret Alleman, Katrina Kretsinger, James Goodson ...

  20. Primate Time: Rousseau, Levaillant 1 , Marais | Glenn | Current ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau, drawing on accounts of the Cape, shaped arguments and discourses about animal and human nature in the nascent disciplines of ethology and anthropology. This paper examines how the discourses of ethology and anthropology mesh and separate in South Africa by looking at two of the most ...

  1. Fragility and the State: Post-apartheid South Africa and the State ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This state-society contract notion is one which derives from Jean-Jacques. Rousseau's writings on the social contract and refers to an imagined contract between a state authority and its people, forged in the belief that states act in the best interests of their subjects and thereby earn and maintain a sense of legitimacy in their ...

  2. Januarie 1961. NIKS NUUTS ONDER DIE SON Is daar iets waarvan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    beskouings van die Franse wysgeer Jean Jacques Rosseau in sekere kringe ... Die idee van Rousseau dat die primitiewe natuurstaat die ware en .... Van der Kemp verder voortgesit het. Dit was dr. John Philip. Net soos Read en Van der Kemp was hy ook wat betref die onbeskaafde inboorling 'n navolger van die skool van.

  3. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ome, E M. Vol 14, No 2 (2014) - Articles The theory of freedom in Jean Jacques Rousseau: A critical assessment. Abstract. ISSN: 1119-443X. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact ...

  4. Etiek en kapitalisme

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    almal se salarisse en materiële besit - selfs Jean Jacques Rousseau praat van gelykheid in terme van 'n owerheidsfunksie wat uiterste materiële ongelykheid moet verhoed. Daar is in kapitalistiese geledere tog ook 'n ander weg waarop meer openlik nie 'n versoening met die eise van die etiek voorgehou word nie in Adam ...

  5. Nigeria Prays, Yet Private Primitive Capital Accumulation Persists

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Religion Dept

    2008-07-03

    Jul 3, 2008 ... Thomas Hobbes, Jean-Jacques, Rousseau, Auguste Comte and Bellah is that religion provides a centre of devotion and enthusiasm that sustains the moral unity of a people and that neither the political system nor society at large can function properly or develop without this moral unity provided by religion ...

  6. the covenant in ulrich huber's enlightened theology, jurisprudence

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    platform from which John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau could launch their secular visions on political and legal theory based on natural law. BIBLIOGRAPHY. BAKER, J.W.. 1980. Heinrich Bullinger and the covenant. Ohio: Ohio University Press. BODIN, J. 1566. Methodus ad facilem historiarum cognitionem. Paris.

  7. Die humanistiese mensbeeld

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Liberalisme-kapitalisme vanuit die denke van Adam Smith (1723-. 1790), demokratiese-sosialisme vanuit die denke van Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-. 1778), en Marxisme-kommunisme vanuit die denke van Karl Marx (1818-1883). In elkeen van hierdie ideologiese strominge bestaan 'n mensbeeld soos dit bepaal.

  8. La Flore Des Adventices Des Cultures Cotonnieres De La Region ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A partir de relevés itinérants réalisés dans des cultures cotonnières de la région du Worodougou, en Côte d\\'Ivoire, précisement à Mankono, Dianra et Séguéla, 230 espèces d\\'adventices ont été recensées. Dans chacune des trois localités inventoriées, il apparaît que les familles des Poaceae, Fabaceae et Asteraceae ...

  9. Campininha das Flores: narrativas de um drama social

    OpenAIRE

    Amaral, Arthur Pires

    2014-01-01

    Este artigo objetiva analisar o impacto conflituoso da construção de Goiânia (GO) sobre antigos moradores do bairro Campinas, durante os anos 1940, 50 e 60. Historicamente, Campinas se movimentou da condição de arraial (a partir de 1810), vila e município emancipado (em 1907) para, nos anos 1930, tornar-se apenas mais um dos bairros da nova capital de Goiás. Expresso através de sentimentos ora de orgulho, ora de rivalidade, o conflito simbólico surgido entre campineiros e goianienses foi retr...

  10. Baudelaire en Colombia : traductores colombianos de las flores del mal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos López Narvaez

    1967-08-01

    Full Text Available La avaricia, el error, la necedad, el vicio, nos roen alma y cuerpo como secretas llagas, y apacentamos nuestros grandes remordimientos como los pordioseros alimentan sus plagas. Nuestro pecado es terco, la contrición cobarde; bien caras nos hacemos pagar las confesiones, y felices tornamos al camino fangoso, con llanto vil creyendo lavar nuestras acciones.

  11. PERADILAN BERBASIS HARMONI DALAM DALAM GUYUB BUDAYA LAMAHOLOT - FLORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolus KopongMedan

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This study tried to offer a new theoretic perspective about settlement form of criminal case. Through law anthropolgy study by using etnography approach and hermeneutic analysis method, this study more strengthen the faith that the final goal of every court process is not only to determine who is wrong and who is right, but also to find out the justice and the truth. But, additionally judicial process has to make a harmony or rebuild a social relation among the victims of conflict.  Even, a social harmony that was built is managed generally as individual, and collective context, and as also vertically to the Almighty God. The judicial orientation with rich philosophy of harmony can be applied to social sphere, because actually the harmony value is everybody’s dream in the world.                                         Key words:  judicial, criminal, harmony, adat tradition, Lamaholot society.

  12. Poda apical para uniformizar a colheita de flores de ?tango?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francine Lorena Cuquel

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho testou a poda apical das hastes de tango 4 e 6 semanas após a roçada, para homogeneizar a colheita que, comercialmente, necessita ser feita por um período de aproximadamente 5 dias numa mesma área. Foram avaliados altura média das plantas no primeiro dia de colheita, número médio de hastes colhidas/planta e a média do peso de matéria seca colhida/haste. Só foi verificada diferença significativa para altura média das plantas no primeiro dia de colheita, não se conseguindo reduzir o número de colheitas necessárias por planta. Existem indicações de que há necessidade de reduzir a variabilidade genética da população para homogeneizar a colheita de inflorescências de tango.

  13. Anexo. Angélica R. de Flores

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    El militarismo empezó con el golpe de estado al presidente Víctor Paz Estensoro por el general René Barrientos Ortuño con presos político-sindicales y exiliados, rebaja de sueldos en toda la minería prohibiendo paros y huelgas de toda índole el 5 de noviembre de 1694 El día 24 de junio a la madrugada de 1967, el regimiento Ranger dirigido por don Sacarías Plaza ocupó las minas en la cual hubo más de una veintena de muertos y otros tantos de heridos por orden del Ministerio del Interior y el g...

  14. Etude diagnostique de la flore ornementale togolaise | Radji ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'horticulture ornementale est en plein essor au Togo, mais reste méconnue, ainsi que son secteur commercial. Cette étude réalise un inventaire floristique et présente la morphologie des espèces utilisées en horticulture ornementale au Togo. Sur les 55 exploitations étudiées, 612 espèces sont recensées et identifiées.

  15. PERADILAN BERBASIS HARMONI DALAM DALAM GUYUB BUDAYA LAMAHOLOT - FLORES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolus Kopong Medan

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This study tried to offer a new theoretic perspective about settlement form of criminal case. Through law anthropolgy study by using etnography approach and hermeneutic analysis method, this study more strengthen the faith that the final goal of every court process is not only to determine who is wrong and who is right, but also to find out the justice and the truth. But, additionally judicial process has to make a harmony or rebuild a social relation among the victims of conflict. Even, a social harmony that was built is managed generally as individual, and collective context, and as also vertically to the Almighty God. The judicial orientation with rich philosophy of harmony can be applied to social sphere, because actually the harmony value is everybody’s dream in the world.

  16. BASE MAP DATASET, LE FLORE COUNTY, OKLAHOMA, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security — Basemap datasets comprise six of the seven FGDC themes of geospatial data that are used by most GIS applications (Note: the seventh framework theme, orthographic...

  17. Physicochemical and microbiological characterization of cassava flower honey samples produced by africanized honeybees Caracterização físico-química e microbiológica de amostras de mel de flores de mandioca produzido por abelhas africanizadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucimar Peres de Moura Pontara

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Cassava producers in the region of Marília-São Paulo are integrating their farming activity with beekeeping to diversify their income. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical and microbiological quality of honey samples produced by Africanized honeybees Apis mellifera from cassava flower in 2008. Analysis were carried out for pH, total soluble solids (TSS, acidity, moisture, reducing and total sugars, apparent sucrose, hydroxymethylfurfural, color, ash, proteins, water insoluble solids, diastasic activity, mineral content, microbiological evaluations, and mineral and hydrocyanic acid (HCN content. The honey samples showed physicochemical and microbiological characteristics favorable to commercialization, with the exception of apparent sucrose and acidity, which show the need for a narrow focus of attention to the honey maturation degree at the harvest time and more careful monitoring during production and processing. The commercialization of Brazilian cassava honey, still little explored, can be widely spread in the market since the levels of hydrocyanic acid (HCN showed no consumption risk; in addition the simultaneous production of honey and cassava provides an alternative to family income increase.Produtores de mandioca da região de Marília, Estado de São Paulo, estão consorciando a atividade da apicultura em meio à cultura visando diversificar a renda obtida pela propriedade rural. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade físico-química e microbiológica do mel produzido por abelhas Apis mellifera africanizadas, elaborado a partir de flores de mandioca, no ano de 2008. Foram realizadas análises de pH, sólidos solúveis totais (SST, acidez, umidade, açúcares redutores e totais, sacarose aparente, hidroximetilfurfural, cor, cinzas, proteínas, sólidos insolúveis em água, atividade diastásica, teor de minerais e monitoramento dos teores de ácido cianídrico (HCN, além de avaliações microbiol

  18. Capacitación educativo ambiental y construcción de tachos con materiales de la zona, para reciclar y clasificar los desechos sólidos y orgánicos, reforzando el área de ciencias naturales con los niños y niñas de tercero a séptimo año de educación básica y padres de familia de la escuela “Julio Flores Benítez”, de la comunidad Padrehuasi perteneciente a la parroquia el Corazón, cantón Pangua, provincia Cotopaxi.

    OpenAIRE

    Correa Gancino, Luz Erminia; Masabanda Masabanda, José

    2013-01-01

    El proyecto capacitación educativo ambiental y construcción de tachos con materiales de la zona, para reciclar y clasificar los desechos sólidos y orgánicos, reforzando el área de ciencias naturales con los niños y niñas de tercero a séptimo año de educación básica y padres de familia de la escuela “Julio Flores Benítez”, de la comunidad Padrehuasi perteneciente a la parroquia el corazón, cantón Pangua, provincia Cotopaxi. Específicamente se ha planteado como objetivo socializa...

  19. Probabilidade de ocorrência de temperaturas mínimas do ar prejudiciais à fecundação das flores de arroz na região da depressão central, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Probability of occurence of minimum air temperature harmful to fecundation of rice flowers in the central region of the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galileo Adeli Buriol

    1998-03-01

    Full Text Available Utilizando-se os registros de temperatura mínima do ar de nove estações meteorológicas situadas na região da Depressão Central do Rio Grande do Sul, calculou-se as probabilidades de ocorrerem dias com temperatura do ar ≤13°C, 15°C e 17°C. Foram considerados os períodos mensal e decendial dos meses de dezembro, janeiro, fevereiro e março, época em que essas temperaturas podem prejudicar as lavouras de arroz em floração. Também foram calculadas as probabilidades de ocorrência de dias consecutivos com temperatura igual ou menor que os níveis térmicos mencionados. Verificou-se que o número total de dias com temperatura baixa adere à distribuição Binomial Negativa enquanto que as seqüências aderem melhor à distribuição de Poisson. Verificou-se também que as probabilidades de ocorrência de dias consecutivos e do total do número de dias com temperatura do ar igual ou abaixo dos níveis térmicos estudados é menor do 2° decêndio de janeiro ao 2° decêndio de fevereiro embora possam ocorrer dias frios também nesses meses. Dessa forma, para minimizar as perdas de rendimento devido a problemas de fecundação das flores, causados pelo frio, as cultivares de arroz e as épocas de semeadura devem ser escolhidas para que a floração aconteça nesse período.The probability of occurence of days in which the temperature is lower or equal to 13°C, 15°C, and 17°C in the Central Region of the Rio Grande do Sul State was determined. Sequences of days with temperature lower or equal to the thermal levels above cited were also determined. Data from nine Meteorological Stations for the months of December, January, February, and March were used in this study. The results showed that the risk of cold damage to the rice flowers fecundation is lower from the middle of January through middle of February. In order to reduce yield decreases by low temperatures, the choice of the cultivar and time of seeding should be done so that the

  20. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vol 6, No 6 (2012), Effet de la fertilisation azotée et phosphorée sur le développement de la Panachure jaune en riziculture aquatique en Côte d'Ivoire ... Ehoulé Kroa, Stéphane Koffi Doh, Yves Niabith Soko, Kevin Sylvestre Yohou, Omer Jean-Jacques Déassio Koulaï, Moussa Gbogbo, Koffi N'Guessan, Joseph Aka, Dinard ...

  1. Filmimaailm / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2008-01-01

    Lühisõnumid: Prantsuse kinodesse on jõudnud retrofilmid - "Couche, ühe inimese lugu" (koomik Michel Coluche'ist, rezh. Antoine de Gaunes; ), "Tapainstinkt" ja "Ühiskonna vaenlane nr 1" (mõlemad gangster Jacques Mesrine'ist, rezh. Jean-Francois Richet). Jean-Jacques Annaud' "Kashmir". Roomas triumfeeris "Resolution 819" (rezh. Giacomo Battiato). Humberto Solas (4. XII 1941 - 17. IX 2008)

  2. 'She Fell Senseless on His Corpse': The Woman of Feeling and the Sentimental Swoon in Eighteenth-Century Fiction

    OpenAIRE

    Csengei, Ildiko

    2008-01-01

    This essay deals with typical signs of female sentimental emotional response in eighteenth-century novels, including Sarah Fieldings The History of Ophelia (1760), Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Julie, or the New Heloise (1761), and Elizabeth Inchbald's A Simple Story (1791). The female sentimental repertoire of psychosomatic fainting, silences, sighs, palpitations and states of mental distraction is frequently taken for granted, but rarely thoroughly explored by scholarship dealing with the culture...

  3. Výchova v díle J. J. Rousseaua

    OpenAIRE

    Srncová, Kateřina

    2013-01-01

    Bachelor thesys called "Education in J. J. Rousseau's Work" will consider with capturing innovative education principles in 18. century, mainly in work "Emil" and in autobiography "Vyznání". Basic principles of Rousseau's phylosophy and education attitude will be worked out in more detail within chapters of this thesys. After defining basic education principles by Jean-Jacques Rousseau I will in last chapter focus on comparison with education attitude of M. Montessori. Keywords: education, na...

  4. Meaning and impact of the notion of social contract in Rousseau and Kant. Scope and limitations in the democratic theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson Jaramillo Marín

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews some of the similarities and differences about the political and legal foundation given to the notion of social contract by two modern thinkers: Jean Jacques Rousseau and Immanuel Kant. In the text, it is pointed the revolutionary part of the notion, from showing its principal meanings and impacts. Also, reflection is made on the scope and difficulties of the contractual proposal on the contemporary democratic theory.

  5. 24 filmi jahivad Berliinis Kuldkaru / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2001-01-01

    51. Berliini filmifestivalist, mis avatakse 7. veebruaril Saksamaa-Ameerika Ühendriikide koostööfilmiga "Vaenlane väravate ees" ("Enemy at the Gates") : režissöör Jean-Jacques Annaud. Näidatakse ameerika näitleja Kirk Douglase retrospektiivi ning klassikast on ekraanil Fritz Langi "Metropolis" (1927) ja restaureerituna Stanley Kubricku "2001 : kosmoseodüsseia" (1968)

  6. TENSÃO ENTRE INDIVÍDUO E ESTADO NOS PRINCÍPIOS DO DIREITO DA GUERRA DE ROUSSEAU

    OpenAIRE

    Cristiano de Almeida Correia; Evaldo Becker

    2014-01-01

    Nosso intuito nesse artigo é apresentar algumas facetas do pensamento do filósofo Jean-Jacques Rousseau, no que concerne às conflituosas relações que se estabelecem entre os indivíduos e os Estados. Pensamos que tais reflexões podem nos auxiliar a pensar nosso belicoso mundo contemporâneo. Para tanto, nos serviremos principalmente dos textos Do contrato social e Princípios do direito da guerra, de Rousseau.

  7. Terrorism--A (Self) Love Story: Redirecting the Significance Quest Can End Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruglanski, Arie W.; Belanger, Jocelyn J.; Gelfand, Michele; Gunaratna, Rohan; Hettiarachchi, Malkanthi; Reinares, Fernando; Orehek, Edward; Sasota, Jo; Sharvit, Keren

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau's concepts of self-love ("amour propre") and love of self ("amour de soi meme") are applied to the psychology of terrorism. Self-love is concern with one's image in the eyes of respected others, members of one's group. It denotes one's feeling of personal significance, the sense that…

  8. [Ethical issues in transfusion medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tissot, J-D; Danic, B; Cabaud, J-J; Garraud, O

    2016-09-01

    Ethics is on the cross road of off values that are present along the ways of transfusion medicine. This is an important tool to afford opinions as well as debates that always emerge when discussing transfusion medicine. The wording is particularly important; this was one among several others that characterized the soul of Jean-Jacques Lefrère when he opened the doors of the ethical issues of transfusion medicine. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. Digimeedia festival ühendas nalja ja masina / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Kunsti ja digitaalkultuuri festivalist Transmediale Berliinis. Festivali teemaks oli "Reality Addicts" (realiteedisõltlased), sündmuse keskmeks prantslanna Anne-Marie Duguet' kureeritud videote ja installatsioonide näitus "Smile Machines". Kogu festivali temaatiline tugipunkt oli huumoripoliitika. Eksponeeritud olid Nam June Paiki "Mõtleja - TV Rodin", Simon Penny projekt "Petit Mal", George Maciunase "Flux Smile Machine", Maurice Benayouni "Emotion Vending Machine", Christian Mölleri projekt "Cheese" jt. Festivali peakülaline oli Jean-Jacques Perrey

  10. Pursuing the pursuit of happiness: delving into the secret minds of the American founding fathers

    OpenAIRE

    Spier, Fred

    2013-01-01

    Thomas Jefferson's inspiration for including ‘the pursuit of happiness’ in the U.S. Declaration of Independence is usually traced back to the ideas of the English philosophers John Locke and William Wollaston as well as the Swiss philosopher Jean Jacques Burlamaqui. This may well be correct to a considerable extent. In this article, however, based on documentary evidence it is argued that the revolutionary ideas of two radical Enlightenment atheists, Paul-Henri Thiry Baron d'Holbach and Denis...

  11. Univeselle rettigheder - socialiseringsprocesser i USA og Kontinentaleuropa

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Thomas Peter Schiermacher; Leth, Cathrine Kronborg; Kraft, Kamilla; Martinsen, Marie Klint; Jørgensen, Nana Gnanasundari

    2008-01-01

    Resume The aim of this project is to show, through analysis and discussion, that there are differentiated socialization processes in the USA and continental Europe, and how the Declaration of Independence and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen influence these. Furthermore we have used the theories of John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, seeing them as the ideological foundations for the two declarations, along with the development of thinking in the late 1800’s America and Fran...

  12. The Code of the Administrative Procedures according to the Principle of the Power Separation and Balancing in the Central and Local Government Bodies in Albania

    OpenAIRE

    Mimoza Sadushi; Saimir Shatku

    2017-01-01

    Different authors at different times have given an unequal definition to the term of public administration compared to what it is used today. The author Georges Vestel has defined the public administration as “the set of activities aimed at maintaining the public peace and meeting other needs of the general interest. This definition corresponds to the etymology of the term administration - “administration” which means “to serve”. But Jean-Jacques Rousseau in his work, Social Charter, defined ...

  13. Effectiveness of the Geneva Convention Relative to American POW’s (Prisoner of War)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-05-01

    without ransom, thus ending the era of widespread enslavement of prisoners of war. In 1748 Montesquieu , the French philosopher, stated that "the only... Montesquieu and Rousseau were very influential on the treatment of prisoners of war. Montesquieu maintained that, "War gives no other right over prisoner than...Geneva Conventions. The World owes a great deal of gratitude to men like Montesquieu , Jean Jacques Rousseau, Professor Lieber, and Henry Dunant for

  14. Etude bibliographique de trois plantes antidiabétiques de la flore ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toutes ces plantes contiennent des molécules bioactives comme les flavonoïdes, les tanins, les alcaloïdes, etc. Si le mécanisme d'action de l'activité antidiabétique de Khaya senegalensis et de Moringa oleifera est élucidé, plusieurs hypothèses sont émises sur celui de Momordica charantia. Ces informations aideront à ...

  15. Contribution à l'étude de la flore aquatique d'un lac de montagne ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'étude présentée ici est réalisée durant la période allant de mars à octobre 2011 dans le lac Dayet Aoua situé dans la province d'Ifrane. ... the lake. the diversity and the quantitative importance of Macrophytes in this site is marked by the presence of emergent plants, plants with submerged organs and submerged plants.

  16. Impacts de la fermentation du cacao sur la croissance de la flore ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les résultats ont montré la même succession microbienne mais avec des temps d'apparition variables dans toutes les fermentations. Cependant, les fermentations en caisse et en bâche offraient une meilleure croissance des bactéries acétiques avec des pics de 8 106 et 44 104 UFC/g de fèves, respectivement. De même ...

  17. Caractérisation de la flore adventice hypogée dans des agro ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Au total, 39 espèces d'adventices réparties entre 33 genres, appartenant à 15 familles, ont été inventoriées. Les Dicotylédones ont éte les plus représentées, soit 64 % des espèces, les familles dominantes étant au nombre de 5 (Poaceae, Asteraceae, Cyperaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Rubiaceae). Celles-ci ont renfermé, ...

  18. Action des cultures protectrices : cas des germes lactiques sur la flore alimentaire indésirable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Privat, K.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Protective action of cultures: the case of lactic bacteria against undesirable food flora. Protective strains have been used for centuries in the fermentation of a variety of food. The preservative ability of these strains in food is attributed to the production of antimicrobial metabolites including organic acids and bacteriocins. But to secure an extension of shelf life and better food safety, the multiple antimicrobial barriers approach is required. This approach typically uses the principal hurdles temperature (higher or lower, water activity (Aw, pH, redox potentiel (Eh, chemical preservatives, vacuum packaging, modified atmosphere, high hydrostatic pressure (HHP and UV, as additional barriers to protective cultures and/or antimicrobial compounds. This paper reviews the recent literature describing the protective cultures and different ways they use to suppress unwanted flora. Are also briefly presented, classification, biosynthesis, mechanism of action of bacteriocins produced by these cultures and finally the protective benefit of using additional barriers to booster protective cultures and/or their bacteriocins.

  19. Activité antifongique de quelques plantes de la flore ivoirienne

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    Les extraits dichlorométhane, méthanolique et aqueux, réalisés à partir des poudres de feuilles ou de rameaux feuillés de chaque espèce, ont permis .... Les souches de référence proviennent des collections enregistrées à l'American Type Culture ... dans un verre de montre, sous hotte, l'extrait dichlorométhane. La poudre ...

  20. Impacts de la fermentation du cacao sur la croissance de la flore ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    De façon spécifique, il s'agit d'étudier l'impact des fermentations en caisse, sur feuilles de bananier et sur bâche plastique conduites selon les techniques paysannes sur la qualité des fèves ... The growth of yeasts was 17 folds more important in banana leaves fermentation than in wooden box and tarpaulin fermentations.

  1. Étude floristique et ethnobotanique de la flore médicinale dans la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 sept. 2015 ... seule ou bien suivie du jaune d'un œuf ou d'un verre de thé contre la tuberculose pulmonaire. La poudre mélangée avec l'Ail (Allium sativa L.) et l'huile d'olive est conseillé le matin contre la tuberculose et le refroidissement. Fagaceae. Quercus suber L. (Chéne-liége, Dbagh). Le décocté de l'écorce des ...

  2. La importancia de llamarse afinidad química. Parte IV: Las primeras flores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Salas-Banuet

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El vacío de poder producido por el derrumbe del Imperio Romano dejó a la Europa Medieval sumida en un ambiente de luchas. La dominante Iglesia Cristiana de Roma batalló para extenderse y someter a reyes y emperadores. La autoridad del papa Cristiano de Roma realizó un esfuerzo para esclavizar al pensamiento de los creyentes religiosos a la cerrada perspectiva religiosa que se tenía en esas épocas. Sin embargo, fue desde el seno mismo de los fieles de donde surgió la necesidad de ver a la naturaleza y sus leyes de otra manera. El descubrimiento, traducción y difusión de los textos de los pensadores griegos clásicos, permitió iniciar el proceso de independencia del pensamiento europeo, lo que llevó al surgimiento del Renacimiento y la Ilustración. Fue entonces cuando comenzó a utilizase el método inductivo en el afán de encontrar otras maneras de interpretar a la naturaleza y avanzar en el conocimiento. Así, durante el siglo XVI la alquimia fue cuestionada y aparecieron los primeros escritos de una metalurgia empírica, considerados la base de la ciencia moderna; durante el XVII, aún con la existencia de conceptos alquímicos residuales, algunos personajes comenzaron a realizar experimentos, con lo que se establecieron las primeras hipótesis sobre los conceptos y fenómenos químicos clave, los cuales sirvieron de sustento para desarrollar al pensamiento lógico y racional del siglo XVIII, como el relativo a las afinidades, que se basaba en las relaciones entre las sustancias, observadas durante la formación de compuestos y como una analogía de las relaciones humanas. Los trabajos publicados entonces sobre los elementos del proceso del pensamiento, permitieron consolidar los conceptos base relativos al enlace y otros a él relacionados.

  3. Influence de la flore ligneuse associée dans la production des parcs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    anacardier de faire une bonne pollinisation, ce qui permet d'avoir de bon rendement. Ces espèces associées à l'anacardier constituent une valeur ajoutée pour les ces planteurs, puisque leurs fruits sont commercialisés par ces derniers (Wala et al., ...

  4. Étude floristique et ethnobotanique de la flore médicinale dans la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    30 sept. 2015 ... source d'information pour les recherches scientifiques dans le domaine de la phytochimie, et de la pharmacologie. Mots-clés .... par l'Océan Atlantique, au Nord par la région de Tanger-. Tétouan, à l'Est par les deux ...... Les feuilles sont consommés cru ou avec l'alimentation en cas de refroidissement.

  5. Bioactive compounds in edible flowers processed by radiation; Compostos bioativos em flores comestiveis processadas por radiacao

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koike, Amanda Cristina Ramos

    2015-07-01

    Edible flowers are increasingly being used in culinary preparations, being also recognized for their potential valuable effects in human health, which require new approaches to improve their conservation and safety. These highly perishable products should be grown without using any pesticide. Irradiation treatment might be the answer to these problems, ensuring food quality, increasing shelf-life and disinfestation of foods. Irradiation treatment might be the answer to these problems, to ensure food quality, to increase shelf-life and disinfestation of foods. Tropaeolum majus L. (nasturtium) and Viola tricolor L. (johnny-jump-up) flowers are widely used in culinary preparations, being also acknowledged for their antioxidant properties and high content of phenolics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dose-dependent effects of gamma and electron beam irradiation (doses of 0, 0.5, 0.8 and 1 kGy) on the antioxidant activity, phenolic compounds, physical aspects and antiproliferative potential of edible flowers. Kaempferol-O-hexoside-O-hexoside was the most abundant compound in all samples of Tropaeolum majus flower while pelargonidin-3-O-sophoroside was the major anthocyanin. In general, irradiated samples gave higher antioxidant activity, probably due to their higher amounts of phenolic compounds, which were also favored by the 1.0 kGy dose, regardless of the source . The Viola tricolor samples displayed flavonols as the most abundant phenolic compounds, particularly those derived from quercetin. In general, gamma-irradiated samples, independently of the applied dose, showed higher amounts in phenolic compounds, which were also favored by the 1.0 kGy dose, regardless of the source. The antioxidant activity was also higher among irradiated samples. The two species of edible flowers have not provided the samples did not show potential antiproliferative and cytotoxicity. Accordingly, the applied irradiation treatments seemed to represent a feasible technology to preserve the quality of edible flower petals, considering the requirements imposed by their increasing uses. (author)

  6. transformations de la flore d'une foret dense semi decidue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    composant chaque milieu écologique et d'évaluer la richesse spécifique de la grille. Au total, 374 taxons ont été recensés. Parmi eux, 39 taxons dont 5 endémiques de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, ont été exclusivement rencontrés en forêts naturelles avec 71 espèces pionnières. Ces taxons se répartissent entre 276 genres.

  7. La richesse de la flore comme levier pour maintenir la biodiversité dans le vignoble ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabolin Chantal

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The intensification of crop management have led to an impoverishment of the biological diversity, resulting in the loss of ecosystem services. In viticulture, flora could play an interesting role because it can compensate the negative impacts of vine monoculture. The flora biodiversity favours fauna biodiversity, sustaining especially the presence of pollinating insects in the grapevine inter row sown with grass or legumes and area around grapevine plots. These aspects have been poorly studied until now. A grapevine experiment set in Alsace at INRA Colmar in the frame of the DEPHY-EXPE PEPSVI project was used to address these questions. Between 2014 and 2016, floristic survey was carried out on 4 sites, within an area of 500 m2 within each plot. On those sites, different grapevine systems based on integrated, biological, or biodynamic production were tested. The “presence/absence” method implemented to characterize flora composition and richness on the grapevine row, the inter-row sown with grass, and the tilled inter-row. Results showed that Asteraceae, Fabaceae and Poaceae were the most represented flora families. Asteraceae and Fabaceae may provide pollination ecosystem services if they are well managed and allowed to flower. Moreover, Fabaceae family increases soil fertility by symbiotic fixation. The role of environmental factors, i.e., semi-natural area like hedge or forest edge close to vineyard, and anthropic factors, i.e., soil cover management, were also characterized and shown as impacted on flora composition and richness under grapevine rows and between inter- rows. Flora characterization will continue in 2017 and 2018 to validate the present results and to assess the evolution of flora composition and richness in different climatic conditions.

  8. La richesse de la flore comme levier pour maintenir la biodiversité dans le vignoble ?

    OpenAIRE

    Rabolin Chantal; Schneider Christophe; Thiollet-Scholtus Marie; Bockstaller Christian

    2017-01-01

    The intensification of crop management have led to an impoverishment of the biological diversity, resulting in the loss of ecosystem services. In viticulture, flora could play an interesting role because it can compensate the negative impacts of vine monoculture. The flora biodiversity favours fauna biodiversity, sustaining especially the presence of pollinating insects in the grapevine inter row sown with grass or legumes and area around grapevine plots. These aspects have been poorly studie...

  9. Radiation treatment of herb tea for the reduction of microbial contamination (Flores chamomillae). [Gamma radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katusin-Razem, B.; Razem, D.; Dvornik, I. (Institut Rudjer Boskovic, Zagreb (Yugoslavia)); Matic, S. (Institute of Public Health of Croatia, Zagreb (Yugoslavia))

    1983-01-01

    A survey of microbiological contamination of dried chamomile flowers indicates the presence of thermophilic bacteria up to the level of 10/sup 4/ per gram. This material often contains insecticides which have been used to reduce post-harvest losses. This work was undertaken in order to study the feasibility of radiation treatment of dried chamomile flowers as the only acceptable process for reduction of microbial contamination and as an alternative to chemical treatment. The main microbial contaminants were identified and typical contamination levels established. Survival curves of the irradiated microflora were obtained as a function of gamma radiation dose. Chemical composition of chamomile oil was followed by spectroscopy, thin layer and gas chromatography. No untoward effects of radiation treatment on active components were found, which indicates the usefulness of radiation treatment of dry flowers.

  10. Radiation treatment of herb tea for the reduction of microbial contamination (Flores chamomillae)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Katusin-Razem, B.; Razem, D.; Dvornik, I.; Matic, S.

    1983-01-01

    A survey of microbiological contamination of dried chamomile flowers indicates the presence of thermophilic bacteria up to the level of 10 4 per gram. This material often contains insecticides which have been used to reduce post-harvest losses. This work was undertaken in order to study the feasibility of radiation treatment of dried chamomile flowers as the only acceptable process for reduction of microbial contamination and as an alternative to chemical treatment. The main microbial contaminants were identified and typical contamination levels established. Survival curves of the irradiated microflora were obtained as a function of gamma radiation dose. Chemical composition of chamomile oil was followed by spectroscopy, thin layer and gas chromatography. No untoward effects of radiation treatment on active components were found, which indicates the usefulness of radiation treatment of dry flowers. (author)

  11. The Political Discourse of the Campaign against Bilingual Education: From "Proposition 227" to "Horne v. Flores"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamagami, Mai

    2012-01-01

    Using the frameworks of critical discourse analysis, representation theory, and legitimization theory, this study examines the political discourse of the campaign for Proposition 227 in California--particularly, the key social representations of languages, their speakers, and the main political actors in the campaign. The analysis examines the…

  12. Radiation treatment of herb tea for the reduction of microbial contamination (Flores chamomillae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katušin-Ražem, B.; Ražem, D.; Dvornik, I.; Matić, S.

    A survey of microbiological contamination of dried chamomile flowers indicates the presence of thermophilic bacteria up to the level of 10 4 per gram. This material often contains insecticides which have been used to reduce post-harvest losses. This work was undertaken in order to study the feasibility of radiation treatment of dried chamomile flowers as the only acceptable process for reduction of microbial contamination and as an alternative to chemical treatment. The main microbial contaminants were identified and typical contamination levels established. Survival curves of the irradiated microflora were obtained as a function of gamma radiation dose. Chemical composition of chamomile oil was followed by spectroscopy, thin layer and gas chromatography. No untoward effects of radiation treatment on active components were found, which indicates the usefulness of radiation treatment of dry flowers.

  13. Étude floristique et ethnobotanique de la flore médicinale dans la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Le dépouillement des données recueillies a permis d'inventorier 137 espèces appartenant à 116 genres et 57 familles dont les plus importantes par leur effectif spécifique sont : les Lamiaceae, les Apiaceae, les Asteraceae, les Fabaceae et les Poaceae. Les résultats de cette étude ont montré aussi que le feuillage ...

  14. Examining Arizona's Policy Response Post "Flores v. Arizona" in Educating K-12 English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jimenez-Silva, Margarita; Gomez, Laura; Cisneros, Jesus

    2014-01-01

    This article provides an analysis of Arizona's policy response in educating English language learners by conducting a narrative review. A critical Latina/o theory approach was used to analyze the data. This study reveals 5 salient policy responses: (a) severely limit bilingual education, (b) develop controversial funding solutions, (c) implement a…

  15. Contribution a l'etude de la flore lichenique dans la zeenaie de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    situe dans l'etage bioclimatique subhumide caracterise par un hiver doux et humide et un ete chaud et sec. ... que si le subsfrat est humide OU meme impregnes d'eau). La plupart des lichens foliaces et presque tous ..... soufre S02 superieure a 30 µI m3 d'air [18]. Le lichen pulmonaire est un excellent indicateur d'une forte ...

  16. Review of Winograd and Flores’ Understanding Computers and Cognition: A Favorable Interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-07-01

    5000 8a. NAME OF FUNDING i SPONSORING 8b OFFICE SYMBOL 9 PROCUREMENT INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION NUMBER ORGANIZATION (If applicable) N00014-85K-0305 8c...basis for the analisis of failure in knowledge engineering. Indirectly it tells us how to anal ze domains What are the recUrreilt dialogues? What...the Navy ’alo Alto, CA 94304 Texas Instruments AI Lab Washington, DC 20150-1000 P.O. Box 660245 hief of Naval Education Dallas, TX 75266 and Training

  17. Foucault reflejado en una política deportiva municipal de Las Flores

    OpenAIRE

    Del Giovannino, Maria Belén

    2009-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene como finalidad analizar las Olimpiadas Juveniles Florenses desde la categoría de Biopoder de Foucault, ver como detrás de un discurso de hacer una olimpiada para las horas de asueto de los jóvenes y con el fin de fomentar la vida sana, la amistada, la solidaridad entre otras cosas más, esta política municipal es utilizadas como formas de sometimiento y control de la juventud, tomando al cuerpo como blanco de poder, para mejorar la salud y al nivel social cambiar los hábitos...

  18. Etude de la destruction pyrolytique de quelques plantes de la flore ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    de la réactivité à la chaleur de quelques plantes pouvant servir dans l'élaboration de panneaux de particules et de fibres a été réalisée. L'ATG et la DSC faites sous air et/ou sous azote avec des températures allant de 20 à 600 °C et 50 à 200 °C respectivement ont donné des thermogrammes qui révèlent des modifications ...

  19. 77 FR 65623 - Security Zones; USCGC WILLIAM FLORES Commissioning Ceremony, Ybor Channel; Tampa, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-30

    ... Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through... within the regulated areas may be subject to boarding and inspection of the vessel and persons onboard... actions of Federal employees who enforce, or otherwise determine compliance with, Federal regulations to...

  20. Posicionamiento y eficiencia del banano, cacao y flores del Ecuador en el mercado mundial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camino-Mogro, Segundo

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the insertion of Ecuadorian products like bananas, cocoa and flowers to the international market in the period 2010-2014. The objective stated in this study is to analyze the positioning of the products in the world market and the efficiency of these products. As main conclusions it can be mentioned the following: first, bananas have experienced a loss of efficiency in the world market because it has ceded market share since 2012. Second, Ecuadorian flowers have shown a growth of exports and also in its global market share. However, its growth has been slow and as a consequence its insertion in the global market is situated between optimal and missed opportunities. Third, the Ecuadorian cocoa, out of the three analyzed products it is located in the best position in the global market due to its efficiency. The market share of this product has grown year by year and also its export value.

  1. Violencia intrafamiliar: efectividad de la ley en el Barrio las Flores de la ciudad de Barranquilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Vásquez Alfaro

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La Violencia Intrafamiliar es una problemática que afecta cada día a más familias en Colombia e imprime huellas imborrables en los afectados y que generan malestar y comportamientos inadecuados, que llegan hasta la vulneración de los derechos constitucionales fundamentales, y a partir de esto se originan en las esferas sociales nuevas problemáticas que se legitiman en el ámbito privado y que demandan nuevas acciones del Estado, que ha dejado de lado la protección efectiva de la institución más importante de la sociedad: La familia.

  2. Intention of dog owners to participate in rabies control measures in Flores Island, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wera, Ewaldus; Mourits, Monique C.M.; Hogeveen, Henk

    2016-01-01

    The success of a rabies control strategy depends on the commitment and collaboration of dog owners. In this study the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) was used to identify the factors, which are associated with the intention of dog owners to participate in rabies control measures in the

  3. Étude floristique et ethnobotanique de la flore médicinale du Haut ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: This study is considered as a contribution to the study of medicinal plants that are used in traditional herbal medicne by the local population of the Haute Moulouya. Methods and results: Using 320 questionnaires, a series of ethnobotanical surveys was conducted in the field during the years of 2012 and 2013.

  4. Chemical constituents of the flowers of Pterogyne nitens (caesalpinioideae); Constituintes quimicos das flores Pterogyne nitens (caesalpinioideae)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Regasini, Luis Octavio; Fernandes, Daniara Cristina; Castro-Gamboa, Ian; Silva, Dulce Helena Siqueira; Furlan, Maysa; Bolzani, Vanderlan da Silva [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Araraquara, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica. Dept. de Quimica Organica]. E-mail: bolzaniv@iq.unesp.br; Barreiro, Eliezer Jesus [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Faculdade de Farmacia. Centro de Ciencias da Saude; Cardoso-Lopes, Elaine Monteiro; Young, Maria Claudia Marx; Torres, Luce Brandao [Instituto de Botanica, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Secao de Fisiologia e Bioquimica de Plantas; Vellosa, Jose Carlos Rebuglio; Oliveira, Olga Maria Mascarenhas de [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Araraquara, SP (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica. Dept. de Quimica e Tecnologia

    2008-07-01

    The phytochemical investigation of the flowers of Pterogyne nitens (Caesalpinioideae) resulted in the isolation and identification of nine phenolic derivatives, quercetin 3-O-sophoroside, taxifolin, astilbin, ourateacatechin, caffeic, ferulic, sinapic, chlorogenic and gallic acid, besides two guanidine alkaloids, pterogynine, pterogynidine. This is the first time these compounds have been reported in P. nitens flowers. As this is a monospecific genus, these secondary metabolites may have taxonomical significance. Their structures were assigned on the basis of spectroscopic analyses, including two-dimensional NMR techniques. (author)

  5. Influence de la flore ligneuse associée dans la production des parcs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL · News. OTHER RESOURCES... for Researchers · for Journals · for Authors · for Policy Makers · about Open Access · Journal Quality.

  6. Etude comparative de la flore aux abords des cours d'eau dans les ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lycopersicum macrocarpum. 0. 1. 0. Mitracarpus scaber. 0. 1. 0. Momordica charantia. 0. 1. 0. Nauclea latifolia. 0. 1. 0. Oxalis corniculata. 0. 1. 0. Pandanus candellabrum. 0. 1. 0. Parquetina nigrescens. 0. 1. 0. Portulaca oleaceae. 0. 1. 0. Pseudospondias macrocarpa. 0. 1. 0. Pterygota macrocarpa. 0. 1. 0. Sabicea discolor.

  7. Activité antifongique de quelques plantes de la flore ivoirienne

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrateur

    2001) ont montré l'activité antifongique des extraits dichlorométhane, méthanolique, ethanolique de Mitracarpus scaber. (Rubiaceae), sur Aspergillus flavus et C. albicans. Ils ont indiqué la présence d'alcaloïdes et de saponines dans ces extraits ...

  8. Providing innovative solutions in a single pill: Servier's portfolio in hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mourad, Jean-Jacques; Guillerm, Jean-Christophe

    2016-09-01

    Jean-Jacques Mourad & Jean-Christophe Guillerm speak to Henry Ireland, Drug Evaluation Editor: Jean-Jacques Mourad talks about his vision of the current landscape and unmet medical needs in the field of hypertension. Jean-Christophe Guillerm describes the family of antihypertensive treatments from Servier, which were designed to address the current challenges in the management of hypertension by providing an adapted solution to doctors and to the specific needs of each patient. Jean-Jacques Mourad currently works as Professor of Medicine and is the Head of the Hypertension Unit at the Hôpital Avicenne in Bobigny, France. He completed his academic degrees at the Pierre and Marie Curie University, Paris VI in the field of internal and vascular medicine in 1996, and in the area of cardiovascular medicine and pharmacology in 2001. He is the past president of the French League Against Hypertension (since 2012), and the former General Secretary of the French Microcirculation Society. He is the actual Scientific Secretary of the French Society of Hypertension. He is also a member of the administrative council of the Collège Français de Pathologie Vasculaire. His research focuses on the epidemiology of hypertension, arterial structure and function, determinants of adherence to chronic treatment and the effects of antihypertensive agents. He was involved in several studies and surveys. He is a co-author of more than 130 publications and of 900 communications presented at national and international meetings. Jean-Christophe Guillerm, joined the pharmaceutical industry 17 years ago. He is currently the Head of the Cardiovascular Division for Servier, in charge of both cardiology and hypertension's medical strategy at a global level. Prior to this, he was in charge of the diabetes and internal medicine franchise at a global level. He also has experience in French commercial operations.

  9. France at CERN, from 19 to 22 June 2001

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    L. to r.: Mr Jean-Claude Brisson, DAPNIA, French Delegate to the Finance Committee; Mrs Florence Cousquer, CFME/ACTIM; H. E. Mr Philippe Petit, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations in Geneva; Prof. Claude Détraz, Research Director for Fixed Target & Future Programmes; Mr Alexandre Defay, Technical Adviser to the French Minister for Research; Mr Bernard Frois, Director, Department for Energy, Transport, Environment and Natural Resources, French Ministry for Research and Prof. Jean-Jacques Aubert, Director of IN2P3,on the occasion of the inauguration of the industrial exhibition France at CERN.

  10. Effet de l'extrait aqueux de l'écorce de tige de Anthocleista ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ehoulé Kroa, Stéphane Koffi Doh, Yves Niabith Soko, Kevin Sylvestre Yohou, Omer Jean-Jacques Déassio Koulaï, Moussa Gbogbo, Koffi N'Guessan, Joseph Aka, Dinard Kouassi. Abstract. En Côte d'Ivoire, le diabète sucré est un problème majeur de santé publique avec une prévalence estimée à 9,6%. Les remèdes à ...

  11. A few examples of opposed thinking about gender differences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redžić Saduša F.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Examples of anti-feminine and pro-feminine reasoning with Otto Weininger, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Sigmund Freud, Arthur Schopenhauer, Aristotle, Simone de Beauvoir, Pierre Bourdieu, Harriet Taylor Mill and John Stuart Mill. Review of these theories points to the need to respect distinction (physical characteristics of sex and (culture defined characteristic of the gender when analyzing differences and similarities between the sexes, as well as the need for insight into the mechanism (or mechanismsof connection between the nature of social perception and gender stereotypes, whose existence is an indicator, and one of the causes of hatred towards women.

  12. As antropologias de Rousseau e de Edgar Morin e suas implicações para a formação humana.

    OpenAIRE

    Kamesu, Oscar Kiyomitsu

    2014-01-01

    A pesquisa tem por objeto investigar as ideias acerca da antropologia de dois pensadores, Jean-Jacques Rousseau e Edgar Morin, e as suas implicações para a formação humana. A tese defende a hipótese de que há um diálogo possível e enriquecedor entre os dois pensadores, na medida em que partilham de ideias e pontos de vista comuns. Do ponto de vista antropológico tanto Rousseau quanto Morin abordam a importância fundamental da investigação sobre o homem. Ambos os pensadores caracterizam o home...

  13. Uma arqueologia do imagin?rio do corpo na Revista Junior

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Paulo Aldemir Delfino

    2014-01-01

    Esta disserta??o, fundamentada nos pressupostos te?ricos da An?lise do Discurso de linha francesa, sobretudo, nos estudos empreendidos por Michel P?cheux, Michel Foucault e Jean-Jacques Courtine, procura identificar os imagin?rios de corpo presentes nos enunciados textuais e imag?ticos materializados na revista JUNIOR, publica??o mensal da editora MixBrasil, voltada para o p?blico homossexual brasileiro. A revista, tomada enquanto dispositivo disciplinar, exerce sobre seus leitores uma pedago...

  14. Dos modelos teóricos sobre el tratamiento jurídico debido a los niños

    OpenAIRE

    Campoy Cervera, Ignacio

    2000-01-01

    El objetivo principal de la investigación es identificar, analizar y comprender los argumentos justificatorios de los dos principales modelos teóricos que han ofrecido una respuesta coherente a la cuestión de cuál ha de ser el tratamiento jurídico que se debe proporcionar al niño: el proteccionista y el liberacionista. Para la consecución de este objetivo se ha identificado y estudiado asimismo los planteamientos de John Locke y Jean-Jacques Rousseau como antecedentes teóricos de sendos model...

  15. Between Gentlemen, Sambas and Beers: the discursive construction of the easy mulatto woman in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Braga

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to undertake a reading of the discourses that deal with the imaginary about easy mulatto woman in Brazil (Freyre, 2006 [1933], considering its historical and semiological density. That aim is based on statements that emerge on that mulatto woman in slavery period, discussing how it is put to the test during the twentieth century and, finally, analysing the updates and appropriations of that memory nowadays. The starting point is a discourse analysis derived from Michel Pêcheux, but also incorporates the contributions of Michel Foucault, as well as current discussions undertaken by Jean-Jacques Courtine, especially those concerning to the Historical Semiology.

  16. TENSÃO ENTRE INDIVÍDUO E ESTADO NOS PRINCÍPIOS DO DIREITO DA GUERRA DE ROUSSEAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano de Almeida Correia

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Nosso intuito nesse artigo é apresentar algumas facetas do pensamento do filósofo Jean-Jacques Rousseau, no que concerne às conflituosas relações que se estabelecem entre os indivíduos e os Estados. Pensamos que tais reflexões podem nos auxiliar a pensar nosso belicoso mundo contemporâneo. Para tanto, nos serviremos principalmente dos textos Do contrato social e Princípios do direito da guerra, de Rousseau.

  17. NATUREZA E TRANSPARÊNCIA EM ROUSSEAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Cunha Bezerra

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the best known and publicized facets of the thought of Jean-Jacques Rousseau is its defense of natural goodness of men and the condemnation of society as a result of a constant removal of the state of nature. Such a pessimistic diagnosis of modern social life is produced primarily in the Discourse on the Sciences and Arts, and later in the Discourse on Inequality. In these works, Rousseau argues about the loss of transparency, honest communication of feelings. In the novel The New Heloïse, in turn, creates a small rural community can gather, through the proper use of reason, that transparency lost.

  18. Rehabilitacija senzibiliteta. Filozofijska konstrukcija senzibilnog čovjeka

    OpenAIRE

    Zagorac, Ivana

    2010-01-01

    Osnovna nakana teksta je ukazati na neke bitne momente u filozofijskom tematiziranju senzibiliteta. Unutar tog pokušaja se izdvaja razdoblje prosvjetiteljstva koje se pak oslanja na specifično čitanje kartezijanske misli kroz empirizam engleske provenijencije. Jean-Jacques Rousseau je prepoznat kao ključna figura ‘doba senzibiliteta’ te će njegova konstrukcija senzibilnog čovjeka biti posebno detaljno razmotrena. Zaključno se naslijeđe povijesnih, a posebno istaknuto Rousseauovih, čitanja sen...

  19. French and US Army’s dilemma Between Athena and Ares: Keep a Sense of Humanity in a Technological Warfare?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    cinq ans sur les champs de bataille , slate.fr, October 2013, http://www.slate.fr/life/ 79158/robots-tueurs-guerre-arm%C3%A9e (accessed 8 March 2014...12Jean-Jacques Frésard, des laboratoires de Milgram aux champs de bataille : quelques éléments de compréhension du comportement des combattants...officers from CGSOC class 14-01. 78 A Rising Misunderstanding with “Patient” and Growing Enemies President Georges W. Bush’s Administration was a

  20. Can Music “Mirror” God? A Theological-Hermeneutical Exploration of Music in the Light of Arvo Pärt’s Spiegel im Spiegel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maeve Louise Heaney

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available A theological exploration of the potential of non-liturgical instrumental music for the transmission of religious Christian faith experience, based on a hermeneutical tool drawn from Jean-Jacques Nattiez as applied to Arvo Pärt’s Spiegel im Spiegel. The article explores musical composition, reception, as well as the piece of music in itself, to discover common traits and keys to understanding its “meaning”, and relate it to current thought and development in theology; in particular to themes of creativity, theological aesthetics, the Ascension, the artistic vocation and meaning-making in contemporary culture, through music and films.

  1. Seismic Methods of Infrasonic Signal Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-30

    Geoffsioa, UNAM , Ciudad Universitaria , 04510 Mexico D.F., Mh6xico; James Luhr, Dept. of Geology and Geophysics, University of California, Berkeley...Contacts: Luis Silva M. and Jean-Jacques Cochem6, Instituto de Geologia, UNAM , Ciudad Universitaria , Mixico, D.F., M6xico; Ren6 Canul D., Comisi6n Federal...Ciudad Universitaria , 04510 M6xico, D.F., M~xico; Jens Hauskov and Shri Krishna Singh, Instituto de Ingenerla, UNAM , Ciudad Universitaria , M6xico D.F

  2. Política em Rousseau: Utopia e Realismo

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Leonel Corrêa Cardoso

    2014-01-01

    Diante da diversidade de registros deixados pelo pensador Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a dissertação que se segue propõe analisar sua filosofia política de acordo com duas chaves de leitura política: a utopia e o realismo. Com base nas referências de utopia como transgressão e realismo como redução de danos, encontradas em Renato Janine Ribeiro, pretende-se encontrar uma convergência/aproximação dessas duas tradições de pensamento político no pensamento de Rousseau que se pressupõe transitar justa...

  3. Similitudes entre as filosofias de Rousseau e Platão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evaldo Becker

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with some similitudes that may be perceived between the works of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and those of Plato. We intend to examine mainly the existent resemblances concerning eloquence and the power of discourse, as much as they have political actions as their ends. We aim at demonstrating that both authors attribute both positive and negative traits to discourse and eloquence. In order to achieve these goals, we shall use mainly the works Essay on the origin of languages and Discourse on the origin of inequality, by Rousseau, and Phaedrus and Gorgias, by Plato.

  4. 4- Nelem.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    chifaou.amzat

    19 oct. 2011 ... liberté, au même titre que Jean- Jacques Rousseau souligne que l'obéissance à la loi que l'on s'est fixé est liberté. De ce fait, l'usage de la violence sera relégué à la sphère privée, un espace réservé aux individus qui, à l'exemple de l'esclave ou du barbare, n'ont pas droit au domaine public. La vie au ...

  5. Elections to the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (“The Nine”) 2010

    CERN Multimedia

    PH Department

    2010-01-01

    The electronic voting process for the Senior Staff Advisory Committee (“The Nine”) was closed on Monday 7 June. Of the 443 Senior Staff members eligible to vote, 197 voted. This represents a participation of 44% compared to 57% in 2009, 53% in 2008, 63% in 2007, 64% in 2006 and 66% in 2005. The results are: Electoral group 1 Candidate Dept Votes   Michael Doser PH 130 Elected Electoral group 2 Candidate Dept Votes   Sylvain Weisz DG 91 Elected Jean-Jacques Gras BE 66 Elected Miguel Marquina IT 46   Mauro Nonis EN ...

  6. Rousseaus Emile

    OpenAIRE

    Green, Sofie; Grønbach, Janus; Jacobsen, Mathias; Rasmussen, Frej

    2013-01-01

    The foundation of this project is a thorough reading of Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s work Emile or On Education. This work has a very peculiar form that has sparked a debate about the meaning of its ambivalent character since it was published in France during the Enlightenment. An understanding of the pedagogical thoughts presented in the corpus of the work, will be the frame for an analysis that establishes how Rousseau uses literary devices to create a type of form that lies on the boundary betw...

  7. Bernardin de Saint-Pierre e il corpo dello schiavo: Empsaël et Zoraïde tra il Voyage à l’île-de-Francee le Études de la nature

    OpenAIRE

    Menin, Marco

    2017-01-01

    1. Le vicissitudini di un dramma filosofico Fu nel 1771, anno caratterizzato dal ritorno in Francia dall’isola Mauritius e dal decisivo incontro con Jean-Jacques Rousseau, che Bernardin de Saint-Pierre concepì il progetto di scrivere il dramma filosofico in prosa Empsaël et Zoraïde, incentrato – come si può intuire già dal sottotitolo Les blancs esclaves des noirs à Maroc – sulla condanna della pratica della schiavitù. La genesi del breve scritto fu, come per la maggior parte della produzione...

  8. Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini, Senator, Chairman of the Bouches-du-Rhône General Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2003-01-01

    Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini, Senator and Chairman of the Bouches-du-Rhône General Council visited CERN on 21 March 2003.Photo 01: Handshake between Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini and CERN Director-General Luciano Maiani at the signing of the CERN VIP Visitors' book. Left to right: Prof. Cecilia Jarlskog, Member State relations; Prof. Claude Détraz, Director for fixed target and future programmes; Prof. Jean-Jacques Aubert, Director, French national institute for nuclear and particle physics (IN2P3), French Delegate to CERN; Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General; Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini; and Prof. Elie Aslanides, Director, centre for particle physics, Marseille (CPPM).Photo 02: Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini signs the CERN VIP Visitors' book. Left to right: Prof. Cecilia Jarlskog, Member State relations; Prof. Claude Détraz, Director for fixed target and future programmes; Prof. Jean-Jacques Aubert, Director, French national institute for nuclear and particle physics (IN2P3), French Delegate to CERN; Pr...

  9. Barbara Storck: Erzählte Enge. Raum und Weiblichkeit in französischen Erzähltexten des 18. und frühen 19. Jahrhunderts. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter 2009.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuzanna Aleksandra Jakubowski

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Barbara Storck untersucht in ihrer Arbeit die geschlechtsspezifischen Semantisierung literarischer Räume in Erzähltexten Denis Diderots, Jean-Jacques Rousseaus, Mme de Genlis’, Mme de Staëls und Charles Nodiers. Im Zentrum steht dabei das Motiv der räumlichen Enge, insbesondere das der eingeschlossenen Frau. Zielsetzung ist die Erforschung der weiblichen Subjektkonstituierung durch literarische Räume. Leider bleibt eine geschlechteranalytische Perspektive − zugunsten der Darstellung einer Vielzahl ins Verhältnis zur Subjekt-Raum-Konstitution gesetzter zeitgenössischer Diskurse − wenig entwickelt.In her work, Barbara Storck examines the gender-specific semantics of literary spaces in narrative texts by Denis Diderot, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Mme de Genlis, Mme de Staël, and Charles Nodier. Central to her examination is the motif of spatial constriction and in particular that of the enclosed woman. The goal of the investigation is to uncover the constitution of the female subject through literary spaces. Unfortunately there is little development of a gender analytical perspective – to the benefit, however, of the presentation of multiple contemporary discourses on subject-space constitution.

  10. Teorias da lei natural: Pufendorf e Rousseau Natural law theories: Pufendorf and Rousseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Felipe Netto de Andrade e Silva Sahd

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem como objetivo reconstruir argumentos centrais desenvolvidos por Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Contra Samuel Pufendorf, Rousseau defende que a justiça não é natural. Ele recusa todo compromisso com a lei natural tradicional para voltar à posição de Thomas Hobbes. Ora, no estado originário de natureza, os princípios racionais da lei natural que expõe Pufendorf não podem ser conhecidos, e, por conseguinte, quando puderem ser conhecidos, não serão aplicados por natureza.The present article aims at reconstructing Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s central arguments. Against Samuel Pufendorf, Rousseau maintains that justice is not natural, thereby rejecting the compromise with traditional natural law and wholly returning to the position of Thomas Hobbes. Now, in the original state of nature, Pufendorf’s rational principles of natural law cannot be known; later, when they may be known, they are not by nature enforced.

  11. Sobre flores e canhões: canções de protesto em festivais de música popular

    OpenAIRE

    Freire, Vanda Lima Bellard; Augusto, Erika Soares

    2014-01-01

    O presente artigo aborda algumas canções de protesto apresentadas nos Festivais da Música Popular realizados no período 1965-1969, buscando compreendê-las em sua inserção no momento social e político em que surgiram e se fizeram ouvir. Foram realizadas análises de vídeos e áudio das apresentações das canções escolhidas, segundo a visão da História Cultural, baseada em aportes teórico-metodológicos da fenomenologia e da dialética. Desse modo, foram privilegiadas a escuta e as observações das a...

  12. Factors involved in sustained use of point-of-use water disinfection methods: a field study from Flores Island, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roma, E; Bond, T; Jeffrey, P

    2014-09-01

    Many scientific studies have suggested that point-of-use water treatment can improve water quality and reduce the risk of infectious diseases. Despite the ease of use and relatively low cost of such methods, experience shows the potential benefits derived from provision of such systems depend on recipients' acceptance of the technology and its sustained use. To date, few contributions have addressed the problem of user experience in the post-implementation phase. This can diagnose challenges, which undermine system longevity and its sustained use. A qualitative evaluation of two household water treatment systems, solar disinfection (SODIS) and chlorine tablets (Aquatabs), in three villages was conducted by using a diagnostic tool focusing on technology performance and experience. Cross-sectional surveys and in-depth interviews were used to investigate perceptions of involved stakeholders (users, implementers and local government). Results prove that economic and functional factors were significant in using SODIS, whilst perceptions of economic, taste and odour components were important in Aquatabs use. Conclusions relate to closing the gap between factors that technology implementers and users perceive as key to the sustained deployment of point-of-use disinfection technologies.

  13. La flore médicinale traditionnelle de la région de Béni- Mellal (Maroc)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conclusion et application de la recherche : Cette étude a conduit à l'élaboration d'un catalogue de plantes médicinales contenant les informations sur les utilisations thérapeutiques pratiquées par la population locale. Par ailleurs, Cet inventaire peut constituer une source d'informations très précieuse .Il contribue par sa ...

  14. PHONOLOGICAL AND LEXICAL VARIETIES OF LIO LANGUAGE IN FLORES, EAST NUSA TENGGARA: A STUDY OF GEOGRAPHICAL DIALECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Made Suryati

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at describing and analyzing phonological and lexical varieties of Leo language in the regions where it is spoken, classifying its dialects and subdialects, and identifying the identity of its relation to Ende language. The theories used in this study are the theory of traditional dialectology and the theory of generative. The data used were obtained from the primary and secondary sources. The observation method and the participative method were applied to collect the data needed. The data were analyzed using descriptive-comparative method which was continued with dialectometric and mapping method. The segments vowels, consonants and syllables grouped under regular and sporadic varieties. The regular vowel variety and the regular syllable variety were found just one and on the other hand 20 regular consonant varieties.   The vowel sporadic varieties found 37, the consonant sporadic varieties found 176, and the syllable sporadic varieties found 17. Lexically, Lio Language highly varied, indicated by the description of each gloss having more than 10 lexical varieties. Based on the isogloss bundles composed and based on the calculation obtained from both the lexical dialectometry and lexical dialectometry for the TPs which were close to each other, and on the permutation, DBL could be grouped into seven. (1 East Lio Language Dialect; (2 Central Lio Language Dialect; (3 Western Lio Language Dialect; (4 Ende Leo Language Dialect; (5 Welamosa Dialect; (6 Wololele A Dialect; and (7 Konara Dialect. From such groupings of dialects and sub dialects, it could be identified that Lio Language  and Ende Language were different dialects.

  15. Entre as pedras e as flores da terra Between the stones and the flowers of the earth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique José A. de Carvalho

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata da tensão gerada entre os movimentos de luta pela terra e os ambientalistas com a divulgação do Relatório Gilney Viana, em 1997, depois de longo período de convergência de propósitos daqueles interesses. A partir de depoimentos de atores importantes do processo, buscou-se identificar pontos de fricção ou de aproximação desses movimentos, assim como antecipar possíveis tendências para esse estranhamento em futuro previsível.This article deals with the tensions emerged among the landless social moviments and environmentalists in 1997, after the publication of Gilney Viana Report. In previous years, those movements had experienced a long period of political convergence. Supported by interviews with important actors of that process, it intends to identify elements of friction and/or agreements between those interests as well as to anticipate possible trends of such strain.

  16. Dynamique de l'occupation des terres et état de la flore et de la ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 déc. 2016 ... Technologies, Ingénierie et Mathématiques (UNSTIM), 03 BP 304 Abomey, ... formations végétales naturelles (forêts claires, savanes boisées, savanes arborées et savanes arbustives) au profit de celle ... Les formations naturelles résiduelles sont établies sur des terres marginales inaptes à l'agriculture. La.

  17. Tecnología de aplicación de plaguicidas en cultivos de flores bajo invernadero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leiva Fabio R.

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos anos, las técnicas de aplicación de plaguicidas (TAP en la floricultura colombiana han tenido desarrollos importantes, sin embargo se requieren mayores avances. Una aplicación correcta de plaguicidas, incluye, además de la selección adecuada de las sustancias plaguicidas, considerar
    los parámetros fisicos de la aplicación. El mejoramiento
    de las TAP permitirá aumentar la eficiencia de la aplicación, para disminuir las pérdidas del producto aplicado, bajar los costos y reducir el riesgo de daño en el ambiente y en los humanos. La reducción en el volumen aplicado es una vla importante para mejorar las TAP. Un impulso decidido a la investigación multidisciplinaria permitirá apropiar los conocimientos requeridos sobre esta práctica cultural que tanta incidencia tiene en la calidad final de la flor.

  18. O prazer estético e as flores: dispositivos cognitivos e semiótica evolutiva

    OpenAIRE

    Kajimoto, Cláudio

    2012-01-01

    Esta dissertação discute a relação existente entre o domínio da Comunicação e do Design, a partir de conceitos da biossemiótica e de pesquisas sobre a experiência estética. Estudos sobre a comunicação entre seres vivos, como na Etologia, Biossemiótica e Biomimética (ver Bispo, 2004 e Vieira, 2007; ver ainda Benyus, 1997) sugerem que a experiência estética, como concebida pela Umwelt humana (Kull, 2001), é uma estratégia adaptativa que os sistemas vivos utilizam na busca de sua ...

  19. Indication Of Hydrothermal Alteration Activities Based On Petrography Of Volcanic Rocks In Abang Komba Submarine Volcano, East Flores Sea

    OpenAIRE

    Sarmili, Lili; Hutabarat, Johanes

    2014-01-01

    The presence of mineral alteration or secondary processes to rocks on submarine volcano of Abang Komba was caused by an introduction of hydrothermal solutions. Those are indicated by the presence of a resembly of minerals alteration seen in their petrographic analyses. They are characterized by replacement partially surrounding of plagioclase phenocrysts, partially replacing plagioclase by sericite, carbonate and clay minerals. The replacement of pyroxene partly by chlorite, and the presence ...

  20. La flore médicinale traditionnelle de la région de Béni- Mellal (Maroc)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    olive, est utilisée, en cataplasme, pour les soins des cheveux. ... Mentha rotundifolia (Menthe à feuilles rondes ; Timijja). Le décocté des feuilles, associées à la marjolaine. (Origanum majorana), à la menthe verte (Mentha ...

  1. Vergel de perfectísimas flores. Las dominicas valencianas de Carcaixent según fray José Agramunt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Callado Estela

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo pretende rescatar del olvido una de los conventos dominicanos más desconocidos del ámbito valenciano. En concreto, el de Corpus Christi de la localidad de Carcaixent, en la ribera del rio Xúquer. Fundación tardobarroca ésta, erigida en 1654, objeto ya en el siglo XVIII del interés histórico de uno de sus primeros confesores. Hablamos de fray José Agramunt, autor del inédito Parayso de Dios. Idea del religiosíssimo monasterio de señoras dominicas de la real villa de Carcaxente, analizado en las siguientes páginas en el marco de la vida y producción literaria del citado religioso. In this present work, we aim to recover one of the forgotten dominican convents from Valencia. More specifically, the convent of the Corpus Christi located in Carcaixent, on the banks of the River Xúquer. This late Baroque convent was built in 1654. By the eighteenth century, one of his confessors had already made clear its historical interest. We are referring to fray José Agramunt, the author of the unpublished work, Parayso de Dios: Idea del Religiosíssimo Monasterio de Señoras Dominicas de la Real Villa de Carcaxente, analysis in the following pages the life and literal works of the aforementioned religious.

  2. PHONOLOGICAL AND LEXICAL VARIETIES OF LIO LANGUAGE IN FLORES, EAST NUSA TENGGARA: A STUDY OF GEOGRAPHICAL DIALECT By

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    suryati -

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at describing and analyzing phonological and lexical varieties of Leo language in the regions where it is spoken, classifying its dialects and subdialects, and identifying the identity of its relation to Ende language. The theories used in this study are the theory of traditional dialectology and the theory of generative. The data used were obtained from the primary and secondary sources. The observation method and the participative method were applied to collect the data needed. The data were analyzed using descriptive-comparative method which was continued with dialectometric and mapping method. The segments vowels, consonants and syllables grouped under regular and sporadic varieties. The regular vowel variety and the regular syllable variety were found just one and on the other hand 20 regular consonant varieties.   The vowel sporadic varieties found 37, the consonant sporadic varieties found 176, and the syllable sporadic varieties found 17. Lexically, Lio Language highly varied, indicated by the description of each gloss having more than 10 lexical varieties. Based on the isogloss bundles composed and based on the calculation obtained from both the lexical dialectometry and lexical dialectometry for the TPs which were close to each other, and on the permutation, DBL could be grouped into seven. (1 East Lio Language Dialect; (2 Central Lio Language Dialect; (3 Western Lio Language Dialect; (4 Ende Leo Language Dialect; (5 Welamosa Dialect; (6 Wololele A Dialect; and (7 Konara Dialect. From such groupings of dialects and sub dialects, it could be identified that Lio Language  and Ende Language were different dialects.

  3. Helminth infections and type 2 diabetes: a cluster-randomized placebo controlled SUGARSPIN trial in Nangapanda, Flores, Indonesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tahapary, D.L.; Ruiter, K. de; Martin, I.; Lieshout, L. van; Guigas, B.; Soewondo, P.; Djuardi, Y.; Wiria, A.E.; Mayboroda, O.A.; Houwing-Duistermaat, J.J.; Tasman, H.; Sartono, E.; Yazdanbakhsh, M.; Smit, J.W.A.; Supali, T.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance is a strong predictor of the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Chronic helminth infections might protect against insulin resistance via a caloric restriction state and indirectly via T-helper-2 polarization of the immune system. Therefore the elimination of

  4. Etude analytique de la flore et de la végétation du Parc National de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    aide de la méthode phytosociologique classique. ... Cinq groupements sont nouveaux: un groupement en savanes (savanes à Hyparrhenia diplandra et Entada abyssinica), deux groupements dans les galeries forestières (galeries forestières ...

  5. Arqueología y fraude en la Granada del siglo XVIII: Juan de Flores y las excavaciones del Albayzin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel ROLDÁN HERVÁS

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El recinto urbano de Granada en el área superior de uno de sus más bellos barrios, el Albayzin, ha sido escenario, desde que el Renacimiento volvió los ojos a la cultura clásica, de hallazgos antiguos, que, de forma intermitente, no han cesado hasta hoy. Pero, como ocurre en otras muchas ciudades del solar hispano, levantadas sobre asentamientos anteriores que, sin solución de continuidad, hunden sus raíces en un remoto pasado, es extraordinariamente difícil conseguir, con una sistemática labor arqueológica, la recuperación de estos antiguos testimonios, que trabas legales e intereses privados hacen aún más ardua.

  6. Alkaloids from flowers and leaves of Erythrina speciosa Andrews; Alcaloides de flores e folhas de Erythrina speciosa Andrews

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faria, Terezinha de Jesus; Cafeu, Mariana Carrara; Akiyoshi, Gisele; Ferreira, Dalva Trevisan; Galao, Olivio Fernandes; Andrei, Cesar Cornelio [Universidade Estadual de Londrina, PR (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica]. E-mail: tjfaria@uel.br; Pinge Filho, Phileno; Paiva, Manoel Ronaldo Carvalho [Universidade Estadual de Londrina, PR (Brazil). Dept. de Ciencias Patologicas; Universidade Estadual de Londrina, PR (Brazil). Dept. de Biologia Animal e Vegetal; Barbosa, Aneli de Melo [Universidade Estadual de Londrina, PR (Brazil). Dept. de Bioquimica; Braz-Filho, Raimundo [Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ (Brazil). Setor de Quimica de Produtos Naturais

    2007-05-15

    In vitro bioassays with leave extracts of Erythrina speciosa showed promising activity against Trypanosoma cruzi. From the flowers of E. speciosa two alkaloids were isolated: erysotrine and erythartine. The leaves furnished one alkaloid, nororientaline. The structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. This is the first report about the investigation of alkaloids in flowers and leaves of this species, as well the first report of nororientaline occurrence in this plant. (author)

  7. Analyse de la flore de la forêt classée de Sanaimbo à Bongouanou ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La plupart des espèces possèdent de petites diaspores charnues dont la dissémination est assurée par les animaux, soit par endozoochorie (318 espèces = 47,5%), soit par ectozoochorie (93 espèces = 15%). Une part non négligeable des espèces (218 = 32%) possède des diaspores pourvues d'appendices permettant ...

  8. Las flores del desierto. Opciones de vida en pueblos de la región central de Sonora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. Amalia Gracia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aunque la búsqueda de las localidades rurales por generar opciones de vida se observa en el esfuerzo de algunos pobladores, en México la política pública se restringe a ofrecer garantías sociales; le deja al mercado la creación de alternativas económicas, que no alcanzan para producir desarrollo local y regional. El presente artículo reflexiona sobre esto, a partir de una iniciativa de trabajo asociativo surgida hace más de seis años en pueblos de la región central del norte de Sonora, y muestra cómo se resuelven temporal y dinámicamente las tensiones entre prácticas de cooperación y reciprocidad y las de intercambio con el mercado utilizando postulados teóricos de distintas disciplinas, retomadas por las propuestas de economía solidaria. El caso ilustra las dificultades, riqueza y potencialidad de iniciativas como ésta, y la importancia del apoyo gubernamental en localidades a las que la baja capacidad económica y la generalización del narcotráfico las vuelve frágiles para contrarrestar procesos profundos de despoblamiento.

  9. Constituintes químicos das flores de Pterogyne nitens (Caesalpinioideae Chemical constituents of the flowers of Pterogyne nitens (caesalpinioideae

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    Luis Octávio Regasini

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The phytochemical investigation of the flowers of Pterogyne nitens (Caesalpinioideae resulted in the isolation and identification of nine phenolic derivatives, quercetin 3-O-sophoroside, taxifolin, astilbin, ourateacatechin, caffeic, ferulic, sinapic, chlorogenic and gallic acid, besides two guanidine alkaloids, pterogynine, pterogynidine. This is the first time these compounds have been reported in P. nitens flowers. As this is a monospecific genus, these secondary metabolites may have taxonomical significance. Their structures were assigned on the basis of spectroscopic analyses, including two-dimensional NMR techniques.

  10. Flore et structure de la végétation ligneuse le long de la Grande ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Méthodologie et résultats: La méthode d'échantillonnage par relevés dendrométriques utilisée, a permis d'obtenir 20 espèces appartenant à 18 genres et 12 familles. La famille des Mimosaceae est la mieux représentée, suivie de celles des Combretaceae, Asclepiadaceae et Papilionaceae. La distribution selon la hauteur ...

  11. Flore vasculaire rare et endémique de la péninsule de l'Edough ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ces espèces sont d'autant plus vulnérables et menacées, que leurs habitats y subissent les assauts répètes d'une perturbation anthropique dans un contexte de réchauffement climatique, d'ou elles tiennent leur valeur patrimoniale. Aussi leur conservation nécessite la réalisation d'inventaires floristiques dont dépend ...

  12. Constituintes químicos voláteis das flores e folhas do pau-brasil (Caesalpinia echinata, Lam.

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    Rezende Claudia M.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The volatile constituents obtained from a static cryogenic headspace of Caesalpinia echinata Lam. (Leguminosae showed E-beta-ocimene as the major compound (57.2%, beside other monoterpenes, C6 derivatives like n-hexanal and (E-2-hexenal and nitrogen compounds such as indole and methyl anthranilate. From the essential oil of the leaves obtained by hydrodistillation in a Clevenger apparatus, (E-3-hexen-1-ol was identified as the major constituent while phenolic compounds were the most representative class of secondary metabolites.

  13. Etat actuel des recherches sur la flore et la végétation du Rwanda et du Burundi

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    M. Reeksman

    1983-11-01

    Full Text Available THE PRESENT STATE OF RESEARCH ON THE FLORA AND VEGETATION OF RWANDA ANDBURUNDI At the end of the last century, many explorers, mainly Germans, travelled in Burundi searching for the famous sources of the Nile and the legendary ‘Mountains of the Moon. ’ Apart from the very often accurate descriptions of the vegetation and flora they encountered, one is indebted to them for the rich harvest of specimens collected, many of which were destroyed in the bombing of Berlin in 1944-1945. When, in 1919, Burundi was placed under Belgian mandate, Belgian botanists took over the work and collected numerous specimens in the country. Their expeditions were organized from Zaire and were often of short duration, with the result that in 1965 there was still no systematic exploration of the country and in 1964 AETFAT classified Burundi as one of the lesser known areas in Africa. Systematic exploration of the country began in 1965 with J. Lewalle. Apart from the publication of an excellent work on the stratification of the vegetation, he collected more than 6 500 numbers of herbarium specimens, several of which represented new species. He worked in Burundi until 1972. From 1970 to 1980, Reekmans collected more than 9 500 specimens for the herbarium, mainly in the areas that were not intensively explored previously. He has published several works in connection with the phenology o f species and vegetation association of western Burundi. Many botanists invited by Lewalle and Reekmans, have had the opportunity to explore the country and to collect specimens of special groups. At present, it can be said that, except for a very small area of the country (otherwise well known in Rwanda where several studies have been made the flora of Burundi is now well known. Phytogeographical limits are well established and the publication of a vegetation map is due in the near future. A catalogue of the country’s flora is also to be published shortly. Apart from these ‘scientific’ results, botanical studies in Burundi have also had the result of awakening the authorities to the ‘value’ of their natural heritage — to such an extent that in March 1980 a National Institute of Nature Conserx’ation was created. Its first aim will be to ensure the establishment of natural parks and several natural reserves in which some very interesting species will be preserved.

  14. Dynamics of a particle with friction and delay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro Marques, Manuel D. P.; Dzonou, Raoul

    2018-03-01

    We are interested in the motion of a simple mechanical system having a finite number of degrees of freedom subjected to a unilateral constraint with dry friction and delay effects (with maximal duration τ > 0). At the contact point, we characterize the friction by a Coulomb law associated with a friction cone. Starting from a formulation of the problem that was given by Jean-Jacques Moreau in the form of a second-order differential inclusion in the sense of measures, we consider a sweeping process algorithm that converges towards a solution to the dynamical contact problem. The mathematical machinery as well as the general plan of the existence proof may seem much too heavy in order to treat just this simple case, but they have proved useful in more complex settings. xml:lang="fr"

  15. O Ofício do Mestre e a Formação do Homem em Rousseau

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    Aline de Fátima Sales Silva

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Neste artigo, buscamos, em Jean-Jacques Rousseau, os fundamentos que constituem o trabalho do professor na proposta para a formação do homem. As questões postas em suas obras, particularmente em Emílio ou da Educação a respeito do professor, revelam princípios básicos de formação moral e política do homem na vida civil. Retomar a importância desses princípios e como eles poderiam ser pensados a partir da realidade no contexto atual da educação faz-se necessário para a crítica radical da sociedade, bem como da educação constituída. Palavras-chave: Educação; formação; sociedade.

  16. The Politics of Presentation: On Badiou as Reader of Rousseau

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    Edvard Marko Lorkovic

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the distinction between representative and presentative conceptions of politics in the works of Alain Badiou and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Analyzing Badiou’s reading of Rousseau’s Social Contract, the paper shows that, contrary to a common view, Rousseau is not a normative theorist of legitimacy; instead, he is a political ontologist, one who thinks the being of politics rather than its norms. In this role, Rousseau defends a politics of presentation, a conception of politics as essentially creative rather than imitative. Against a view of politics as a representation of natural, divine or moral order, Rousseau’s political ontology maintains that politics exists only so long as order is created, out of nothing as it were. In short, politics cannot be representational; it exists only as long as it is present, not represented. For Badiou and Rousseau, representation is not necessarily illegitimate or unjust; it is simply not political.

  17. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    various authors

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg, eds., Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture , by John Barberet Asunción Horno-Delgado, Eliana Ortega, Nina M. Scott, and Nancy Saporta Sternbach, eds., Breaking Boundaries: Latina Writing and Critical Readings , by Amy Kaminsky Jonathan Culler, Framing the Sign: Criticism and Its Institutions , by Rosemarie Scullion Wolfgang Iser, Prospecting: From Reader Response to Literary Anthropology , by Jane Riles Thomas Colin Davis, Michel Tournier: Philosophy and Fiction , by Marja Warehine Didier Coste, Narrative as Communication , by Armine Kotin Mortimer Jean-Jacques Thomas, La Langue, la poésie. Essais sur la poésie française contemporaine , by Thomas F. Broden Manfred Dierks, Adolf Muschg , by Judith Ricker Guy Stern, Literatur im Exil. Gesammelte Aufsätze 1959-1989 , by Wulf Koepke

  18. Entre a luz e a escuridão: considerações sobre o Iluminismo e a instrução das mulheres

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    Alan Ricardo Duarte Pereira

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca realizar algumas reflexões introdutórias sobre a educação da mulher no século XVIII, nomeadamente no período conhecido como o Iluminismo. Assim, o recorte para desenvolver tal reflexão em torno da educação da mulher durante o Iluminismo está ancorado, por sua vez, em obras coevas. Mais exatamente, escolheu-se a obra do filósofo Jean-Jacques Rousseau Emílio, ou da Educação e, de outro lado, a obra da autora Mary Wollstonecraft Reivindicação dos direitos das mulheres. Ambas as obras são do século XVIII e retratam, em maior ou menor grau, concepções e valores predominantes na sociedade durante o Iluminismo.

  19. Dynamics of the concept “Man” in the history of philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karpina Olena Serhiyivna

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the development of the category “man” in the history of philosophy. The author focuses on such periods of the philosophical thought development as the Antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, the Modern history, the Age of the Enlightenment, German classical philosophy, and non-classical philosophy. The article analyses and compare philosophical views of such outstanding thinkers as Socrates, Aristotle, Epicurus, Titus Lucretius Carus, Thomas Aquinas, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Coluccio Salutati, Michel de Montaigne, Francis Bacon, John Locke, Benedict Spinoza, Blaise Pascal, Charles-Louis de Montesquieu, Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, Ludwig Feuerbach, Arthur Schopenhauer, Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche.

  20. Komunikasi Persuasif pada Pendidikan Anak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ike Junita Triwardhani

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available There are two assumptions describing children learning process. First assumption theorized by France philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau emphasized on the importance of children to return to nature. By learning in its natural space, Rousseau believed that children would achieve its peak performance in learning. The second assumption promoted by modern education experts such as Maria Montessori justified learning process more than learning space. For them, wherever children learn, one must attended the process of learning seriously. They believed that learning process would reach maximum impact if children learn in a state of playful mind. By nature, children love to play, and they learn through their play. Whatever theory picked up by educators, this article discussed the importance of persuasive communication on children learning process. Persuasive communication enabled children to develop creative mind which serve best to express themselves or to solve their problems.

  1. Congenital nystagmus and negative electroretinography

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    Roussi M

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Mirella Roussi, Hélène Dalens, Jean Jacques Marcellier, Franck BacinDepartment of Ophthalmology, Clermont-Ferrand University, Clermont-Ferrand, FranceAbstract: Congenital nystagmus is a pathologic oculomotor state appearing at about three to four months of age. The precise diagnosis requires detailed clinical examination and electrophysiological findings. This case report presents two male patients with congenital nystagmus examined longitudinally from the age of six months until 17-18 years of age. Clinical and electrophysiological protocols were detailed. The first results showed electronegative electroretinography in the two cases and examination combined with electroretinographic findings helped us to make the diagnosis of Congenital Night Stationary Blindness (CSNB. This diagnosis was confirmed by genetic studies. CSNB is interesting to study because through electrophysiological findings, it enables a better understanding of the physiology of neural transmission in the outer part of the retina.Keywords: Congenital nystagmus, negative electroretinography, congenital night stationary blindness

  2. 'So Much the Worse for the Whites': Dialectics of the Haitian Revolution

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    George Ciccariello-Maher

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article sets out from an analysis of the pioneering work of Susan Buck-Morss to rethink, not only Hegel and Haiti, but broader questions surrounding dialectics and the universal brought to light by the Haitian Revolution. Reading through the lens of C.L.R. James’ The Black Jacobins, I seek to correct a series of ironic silences in her account, re-centering the importance of Toussaint’s successor, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, and underlining the dialectical importance of identitarian struggles in forging the universal. Finally, I offer Frantz Fanon’s reformulation of the Hegelian master-slave dialectic—overlooked in Buck-Morss’ account—as a corrective that allows us to truly rethink progress toward the universal in decolonized dialectical terms.

  3. 25 years of service at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    The 28 staff members having achieved 25 years of service at CERN in 2014 were invited by the Director-General to a reception in their honour on 25 November 2014.       Alberto AIMAR IT   Patrick BERLINGHI  GS   Horst  BREUKER  PH   Paolo  CHIGGIATO  TE   Jorgen  CHRISTIANSEN PH   Ivan  DELOOSE  IT   Martine   DESNYDER-IVESDAL  PH   Laurent  DUCIMETIERE   TE   Bruno  DUPUY  BE   Alan James  FINDLAY  BE   Jean-Jacques   GRAS BE   Michael  HAUSCHILD PH   Erk  JENSEN  BE   Michael  LAMONT&...

  4. BODY, POWER AND CINEMA: A "ZOOM" IN THE BLACK SUBJECT OF THE FILM RIO, 40 DEGREES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília Noronha Braz

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the black body and its senses in three frames of the film Rio, 40 Graus (1955. The theoretical field is the French Discourse Analysis (AD, having as a theoretical-methodological contribution the ideas of the philosopher Michel Foucault (1988, 1995, 2012a, 2012b, 2004 and his archaeogenealogy (especially in the notion of biopolitics, dialoguing with the studies of Jean-Jacques Courtine (2013, about discursive memory, body and intericonicity. We will also use as theoretical support the researches of the linguist Nilton Milanez (2009, focused on the relation between discursive body and cinematographic language. We believe that Eugenia and her racial theses in twentieth-century Brazil are part of a network of knowledge-power that normalized "effects of truth" about the black subject. These "truths", in turn, found echoes in the discursive body of characters from the national cinema.

  5. O zjawisku alienacji w perspektywie rozwoju teorii krytycznej. Feuerbach - Marks - szkoła frankfurcka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malwina Rolka

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In my paper I undertake the issue of alienation, that appears at the same sources of modern thought and develops according to the growing consciousness of its conditions and consequences. The first articulation of the phenomenon of alienation we can find in the works of Jean Jacques Rousseau, but its conceptual expression was formulated in the philosophy of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. The progress of discourse of alienation in the analyses of Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx and the members of Frankfurt School reveals its essence that depends on the elimination of the personal status of individual. The attempts of overcoming the phenomenon of alienation undertaken by mentioned thinkers leaves the problem unresolved, because of the distinctive feature of all these attempts is mediation the conceptions of human being in limited perspective (concerning individual as mere exemplar of species or as a passive result of an external conditions.

  6. ¿Sofía o Bárbara? El Pensamiento Social de Rousseau en Torno al Sujeto Femenino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana A. Montero Sánchez

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente ensayo parte de una relectura crítica de tres obras de Jean Jacques Rousseau que pueden considerarse como básicas en relación con la influencia de su pensamiento en el ideario latinoamericano desde los inicios del siglo xix: Julia o La Nueva Eloísa (1761? texto matriz en la construcción de la sensibilidad y la cosmovisión románticas, tan importantes en la modelación decimonónica de lo femenino? y, fundamentalmente, Emilio o de la educación y El Contrato Social (ambas de 1762, síntesis respectivas de las ideas del escritor sobre la educación de hombres y mujeres, y sobre el lugar que les correspondía en la sociedad.

  7. Mulheres, sociedade e Iluminismo: o surgimento de uma filosofia protofeminista na inglaterra do século XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson Soares Gomes

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In the 18th century, thinkers from diverse areas of knowledge gave birth to a new epistemological perspective to the Western world. In philosophy, economy and politics, among other fields, groundbreaking ideas disrupted the paradigms of European thought. Those revolutionary concepts became historically known under the term Enlightenment. It is in that new intellectual scenario that a new group of authors emerges in Britain, questioning the position of social inferiority in which women are placed. William Alexander, Mary Astell, Catharine Macaulay and Mary Wollstonecraft are some of the thinkers who write works with a protofeminist framework, launching the foundations for a philosophy of emancipation and equal rights for 18th century women. From the writings of philosophers such as David Hume, John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (and a critical approach to them, those voices that claim for more equality in the treatment of female characters articulate a new positioning of women on historical, social and educational levels.

  8. Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Calderón Le Joliff

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to expose the bonds between the mythical and fictional character Robinson Crusoe, the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and the utopian educator Simón Rodríguezin the historical novel La Isla de Robinson (1981 de Arturo Uslar Pietri. The story exploresthe process of Latin American independence in the 19th century through the character of Simon Rodríguez, Simón Bolívar's private tutor, transformed in Samuel Robinson for 26 years. First, we'll approach, from a mytho critical perspective, the emergence of Robinson's figure inthe tale of the Latin American writer and its impact on the "Latin American identity" issue. Then, we'll study the characteristics of the education project of Rodríguez in the historical novel. Finally, we'll focus on the subversion of the mythical figure of Robinson Crusoe in this Latin American utopian discourse.

  9. O contrato social da imprensa: por um Leviatã do jornalismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeferson Bertolini

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda o conceito de contrato social dos pensadores políticos Thomas Hobbes, John Locke e Jean Jacques Rousseau e o relaciona à imprensa. A ideia do contrato não é usada no âmbito político, entre governados e governantes. É empregada na esfera da comunicação social, entre público e imprensa. O manuscrito recorre ao modelo de Hobbes (o povo se submete à autoridade do Estado em troca de proteção para pensar um Leviatã do jornalismo (o público respeita a figura da imprensa em troca de conteúdo relevante e verdadeiro. O ensaio, baseado em levantamento bibliográfico, busca defender o modelo tradicional de imprensa e de jornalista frente ao conteúdo de fonte duvidosa e aos produtores independentes de conteúdo da era digital

  10. Stefano Jacoviello, "La rivincita di Orfeo. Esperienza estetica e semiotica del discorso musicale", Mimesis Edizioni, Milano – Udine, 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Marconi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available A partire dagli scritti di Roman Jakobson, Nicolas Ruwet, Jean-Jacques Nattiez e Gino Stefani, la relazione tra la semiotica e la musica è stata spesso affrontata da numerosi studiosi che anche oggi praticano, specie in Canada, in Finlandia e in Italia, la disciplina chiamata “semiotica (o semiologia della musica”. Negli ultimi anni, in questo ambito spesso si è preferito realizzare studi su alcuni problemi specifici piuttosto che concentrarsi su una teorizzazione generale. Al contrario, Stefano Jacoviello, dopo aver pubblicato brevi saggi di carattere prevalentemente analitico, in questo volume, di ampio respiro teorico, presenta una sorta di manifesto teso a rilanciare, specie in Italia, il ruolo della “semiotica del discorso musicale” come disciplina particolarmente adatta ad affrontare questioni teoriche generali.

  11. La victoire triste ? : Espérances, déceptions et commémorations de la victoire dans le département du Puy–de-Dôme en sortie de guerre (1918-1924

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Fryszman

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Composition du juryMonsieur Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau (Directeur de la thèse, ÉHESS,Monsieur Jean-Jacques Becker (Paris Ouest Nanterre,Monsieur Mathias Bernard (Université Blaise Pascal – Clermont-Ferrand II,Monsieur Jean-François Chanet (Université Lille III,Monsieur Christophe Prochasson (Président du jury, ÉHESS Mention très honorable avec félicitations du juryThèse soutenue le 8 décembre 2010RésuméLa victoire de 1918 est analysée à l’échelle du département du Puy-de-Dôme jusqu’en 1924,...

  12. Elections to the Senior Staff Advisory Committee ("The Nine") 2009

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2009-01-01

    Untitled Document The electronic voting process for the Senior Staff Advisory Committee ("The Nine") was closed on Friday, 5 June. Of the 433 Senior Staff members eligible to vote, 247 voted. The results are: Electoral Group 2 Name Department Votes Marco Cattaneo PH 62 Edmond Ciapala BE 57 Jean-Jacques Gras BE 33 Sorin Ilie TE 9 Erk Jensen BE 69 Jose Miguel Jimenez TE 67 Yacine Kadi EN 37 Paul Lecoq PH 39 Miguel Marquina IT 47 Hans Muller PH 33 James Purvis HR 113 Gerard Tranquille BE 16 Electoral Group 5 Name Department Votes Sudeshna Datta Cockerill HR 127 Jens Vigen GS 88 The elected persons are James Purvis (HR), Erk Jensen (BE), and Jose Miguel Jimenez (TE) for Electoral Gro...

  13. STS-65 crewmembers and backup participate in bench review at Boeing Building

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    STS-65 crewmembers, wearing clean suits, look over equipment to be carried aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 102, for the scheduled July flight of the second International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2) mission. Surrounding a table full of equipment at Boeing's Flight Equipment Processing Facility near the Johnson Space Center (JSC), are (left to right) Mission Specialist (MS) Leroy Chiao, MS Donald A. Thomas, Commander Robert D. Cabana, Payload Specialist Chiaki Mukai, Payload Commander (PLC) Richard J. Hieb, and backup (alternate) payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier. Mukai represents Japan's National Space Development Agency (NASDA) and Favier represents France's Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales. Photo taken by NASA JSC contract photographer Scott A. Wickes.

  14. The Rousseaunian Heritage in Constitucional Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Fondevida Marón

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available A HERANÇA DE ROUSSEAU NO PENSAMENTO CONSTITUCIONAL Resumo: em um momento não apenas de crise econômica, mas acima de tudo política, crise democrática e de valores, é importante voltarmos a Jean-Jacques Rousseau como uma necessidade histórica. Este artigo procura descobrir os traços de seu pensamento contemporâneo e reclamá-los como um método para enfrentar os desafios que sociedades de hoje enfrentam em um ambiente globalizado e em um ambiente cultural pós-moderno. Palavras-chave: Rousseau. Política. Pensamento constitucional. Abstract: At a time not only of economic crisis, but above all politics, democratic and values crisis, it is important to return to Jean-Jacques Rousseau as a historical necessity. This article seeks to discover the features of their contemporary thinking and claim them as a method for facing the challenges posed to today's societies in a globalized environment and in a postmodern cultural environment. Keywords: Rousseau. politics. constitutional thinking. LA HERANCIA ROUSSEAUNIANA EM EL PENSAMIENTO CONSTITUCIONAL Resumen: en una época de crisis no sólo económica sino sobre todo política, democrática y de valores, la vuelta a J.J. Rousseau se convierte en una necesidad histórica. Este artículo trata de descubrir las huellas de su pensamiento en la teoría constitucional contemporánea y de reivindicarlas como método para afrontar los desafíos que se les plantean a las sociedades actuales en un entorno globalizado y en un ambiente cultural postmoderno. Palabras-clave: Rousseau. Política. Pensamiento constitucional.

  15. Women's Educacion on Rousseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kátia Aparecida Poluca Proença

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available A EDUCAÇÃO DAS MULHERES NA TEORIA ROUSSEAUNIANA Resumo: neste artigo nos propomos a explorar os aspectos da vida e obra de Rousseau, evidenciando os fatos que envolveram sua relação com as mulheres. O texto mostra pontos importantes para que Jean-Jacques Rousseau viesse a desenvolver suas ideias a respeito da educação e comportamento da mulher na sociedade francesa do século XVIII. Para a sustentação de nossas hipóteses, compusemos um estudo bibliográfico de aproximação sócio-histórico-filosófica, explorando a formação de Rousseau como pessoa e identificando mulheres importantes em sua formação, apresentaremos as questões sociais e condutas, vivenciadas por Rousseau. Na formação desse cenário compomos o quanto a influência das mulheres na vida de Rousseau determinaram a sua proposta educacional. Palavras-chave: Rousseau. Educação das Mulheres. Século XVIII Abstract: In this text, we intend to explore aspects of Rousseau's life and writings, putting in evidence the facts which involved his relationship with women. The text shows relevant topics so that Jean-Jacques Rousseau could develop his ideas about education and women's behavior in 18th century of French society. To support our hypothesis, we composed a bibliographical study of philosophical-social-historical characteristics, exploring Rousseau's formation as a subject and identifying important women in his formation and on his prospect of education. Keywords: Rousseau. Women's education. 18th century.

  16. Rousseau and the Philosophy of Landscape

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    Marlene de Souza Dozol

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available ROUSSEAU E UMA FILOSOFIA DA PAISAGEM Resumo: o propósito do presente ensaio é o de contornar uma filosofia da paisagem em Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778 mediante uma descrição poética que funde a natureza e um “eu” que, em toda a sua inteireza, projeta-se sobre a primeira ao mesmo tempo em que é alterado por ela. Tal fusão, para o caso de uma prosa filosófico-literária que esmaece as fronteiras entre o exterior e o interior, sugere uma especulação a respeito do potencial formativo e autoformativo das coisas que habitam a camada mais epidérmica do mundo: até onde elas “formam” o expectador e se deixam “formar” por ele? Palavras-chave: Rousseau. Filosofia da paisagem. Formação. Abstract: the purpose of this essay is to go around a Philosophy of Landscape in Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778 through a poetic description that merges nature and a "self" that, in its entireness, projects itself over the former as it is altered by it. Such fusion, in the case of a philosophical-literary prose which fades the frontiers between the exterior and the interior, suggests a speculation regarding the formative and auto-formative potential of things that reside in the world's most epidermal layer: to what extent do they "form" the spectator and to what extent do they allow themselves to be "formed" by them? Keywords: Rousseau. Philosophy of landscape. Formation.

  17. Gamma radiation use as a quarantine treatment alternative for cut flowers; Uso da radiacao gama como alternativa de tratamento quarentenario de flores cortadas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kikichi, Olivia Kimiko [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    1999-11-01

    Methyl bromide is a broad spectrum pesticide to control insects, nematodes, weeds, pathogens and rodents It is effective to commodity treatment designed for exportation/importation, but is also toxic for human being. Besides, it is an ozone layer depleting substance and many countries are interested in finding other less damaging alternatives. The methyl bromide shall be banned until 2015 and one promising alternative is the radiation. It can be effective for some vegetables, like fresh cut flowers. The tolerance to gamma radiation was observed in some cut flowers. Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae), Gypsophyla (Caryophyllaceae), Gomphrena (Amarantaceae), Celosia (Amarantaceae) and Narcissus (Amaryllidaceae) were tolerant to 750 Gy. Heliconia and Strelitzia (Musaceae) were not tolerant, presenting a severe browning of the colored sepals. Anthurium (Araceae) was also sensitive to 750 Gy, presenting browning of the spike, discoloration and black spots on the sepals. The radiation inhibited the bud opening of Hemerocallis (Liliaceae) and Gladiolus (Iridaceae). Gerbera (Compositae) and Callistemon (Myrtaceae) wilted before the control flowers. Helianthus (Compositae) leaves wilted before the flowers because of the radiation. (author) 7 refs., 2 tabs.; e-mail: okikuchi at net.ipen.br

  18. Emociones y sentimientos. La construcción social del amor (Luisa Abad González y Juan Antonio Flores Martos, Ed.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Mariano Juárez

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available En 1965, Jean-Luc Godard hacía hablar en Pierrot le fou a un Jean Paul Belmondo que habitaba la piel de Ferdinand, un profesor de Lengua Española que viaja huyendo sin rumbo junto a la joven Marianne, interpretada por Anna Karina.

  19. Flores contra canhões? O impasse da ética frente às guerras do século XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Magalhães

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Os conflitos que inauguram o século XXI dão a impressão de que a paz é um objetivo quase inatingível. Diante das novas ameaças, nada faz crer que o terror provocado pela guerra fria encontre-se superado. Ao lado das formas tradicionais de luta, uma guerra quase surda eclode no seio das sociedades. A fome, por exemplo, é uma arma que mata em silêncio, e a violência e a miséria revelam que o estado de natureza persiste. A questão que se coloca, então é a seguinte: é possível falar em paz pensando apenas em critérios éticos? Os problemas no Oriente Médio, o desrespeito às resoluções da ONU por parte de alguns Estados, tudo isso mostra a pouca eficácia do discurso quando não acompanhada da força. O objetivo deste trabalho é apontar os limites da ética pura para combater a violência e mostrar que a normatização do mundo não pode, ainda, prescindir da “crítica das armas”.

  20. Lluvia de flores, cosecha de huesos. guacas, brujería e intercambio con los muertos en la tragedia de armero

    OpenAIRE

    Suárez Guava, Luis Alberto

    2010-01-01

    La razón última que la cultura popular reconoce como explicación de la Tragedia de Armero es el Destino. De las múltiples formas que el Destino adopta para manifestarse en la historia del norte del Tolima, este artículo explora la noción de entierro en su polisemia y profundidad analítica. A través del examen de la relación entre vivos y muertos, la materialidad de la brujería y las historias de guacas, el texto alcanza dos grandes conclusiones: en primer lugar, que la noción de guaca es todo...

  1. Zasób Flores Oratorii – norbertańskiej silvae rerum przechowywanej w Bibliotece Prowincjalnej Franciszkanów w Gnieźnie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Joskowski

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Artykuł prezentuje zasób norbertańskiej silvae rerum przechowywanej obecnie w dziale zbiorów specjalnych Biblioteki Prowincjalnej Franciszkanów w Gnieźnie (BPFG. Sylwa stanowi swoistą bibliotekę: zbiór odpisów mów, oracji dotyczących bieżącego życia politycznego XVIII wieku, dzieł poetyckich, życzeń, powinszowań okazjonalnych, a także twórczości własnej nieznanego zakonnika norbertańskiego – twórcy i właściciela sylwy.

  2. Autocuidado y salud desde la perspectiva de género: el caso de las trabajadoras de una empresa de flores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Díaz Alba Lucero

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Actualmente la mujer se ha incorporado al trabajo remunerado, con el fin de sostener o contribuir económicamente a la familia. La industria floricultora se convierte en una buena alternativa para aquellas mujeres del área rural o de sectores marginados de la gran ciudad. La expectativa del "ser mujer" y la construcción social pese a este nuevo hecho no se modifica, la obrera  asume el trabajo doméstico, el cuidado y la crianza de los hijos, la maternidad, la planificación y demás condiciones biológicas, en un trato cultural desventajoso.

  3. Caractérisation de la flore bactérienne des péritonites communautaires opérées au Burkina Faso

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanou, Mahamoudou; Ky, Armand; Ouangre, Edgard; Bisseye, Cyrille; Sanou, Adama; Nagalo, Bolni Marius; Sanou, Drissa; Simporé, Jacques; Sangare, Lassana; Traore, Rasmata

    2014-01-01

    Introduction La péritonite communautaire est une urgence chirurgicale récurrente chez l'adulte qui constitue une préoccupation majeure pour le chirurgien et l'anesthésiste-réanimateur dans sa prise en charge. L'objectif de cette étude était d’établir non seulement le profil bactériologique des péritoniques communautaires opérées dans le service de chirurgie générale et digestive du CHU-YO mais aussi d’évaluer la sensibilité aux antibiotiques des souches bactériennes isolées à partir de ces dernières. Méthodes Cent six (106) patients ont été recrutés dans cette étude et des prélèvements bactériologiques préopératoires ont été effectués dont 63 se sont révélés positifs. Résultats Sur les 63 prélèvements positifs, 78 germes ont été isolés soit une moyenne de 1,2 germe par échantillon. Escherichia coli été le germe le plus fréquemment isolé (33,3%), suivi des anaérobies (11,5%), Streptococcus sp (9%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (6,4%) et Staphylococcus sp (5,1%). Les antibiotiques les plus efficaces sur les bactéries identifiées dans les péritonites communautaires étaient respectivement l'imipenème (100%), la colistine (100%), la céftriaxone (100%), et la ciprofloxacine (65,4%) Conclusion Le profil de sensibilité des bactéries identifiées dans les principales péritonites communautaires aux antibiotiques montre une augmentation inquiétante du nombre de souches résistantes, notamment à l'association amoxicilline/acide clavulanique PMID:25360201

  4. Del acero a la diversión, Oscar Flores Torres, Monterrey Industrial 1890-2000, Ciudad Victoria, Tamaulipas, Universidad de Moneterey-CONACYT, 2000, pp 253 pp.

    OpenAIRE

    Flores Clair, Eduardo

    2005-01-01

    Este libro comprende más de un siglo de historia industrial donde se muestran las múltiples relaciones entre los empresarios (grupos familiares) y los gobiernos en turno. El humo lanzado por las largas chimeneas de la Fundidora de Monterrey se convirtió en el símbolo de la ciudad y trazó el camino de un constante crecimiento. Hoy en día, la región concentra a los grupos industriales más importantes de México. En los últimos años, los "regios", en diversos ámbitos, han aumentado su presencia e...

  5. ENTRE AS FLORES DA PAIXÃO E OS ESPINHOS DA RAZÃO: MAX WEBER NOS JARDINS DAS CIÊNCIAS SOCIAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Maria Silva

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste ensaio abordamos o pensamento de Max Weber para refletirmos sobre como temos vivido e construído nossos conhecimentos sobre a realidade social. Muitas vezes esquecemos que a vida ultrapassa nossos autores, teses e paradigmas e que a linguagem que utilizamos é apenas o nosso esforço limitado para revelar tudo o que vemos diante da elaboração das ações humanas. Somente nossa imaginação é que pode reunir o que vemos, lemos e ouvimos para elaborarmos diferentes rumos para esta estrada do conhecimento. O pretenso caminho límpido da ciência é na verdade movido pela razão, mas impulsionado pela chamas da paixão, pois é através desta que o cientista delimita uma trilha a seguir, fazendo prevalecer alguns valores e rejeitando outros, sendo assim buscamos perceber como a vocação científica não se restringe somente a pôr em práticas regras estabelecidas, mas que também que precisamos estar abertos à intuição e à paixão pelo o que fazemos.

  6. Búsqueda y reconocimiento de los enemigos naturales y hospedantes alternos de las principales plagas. En flores bajo invernadero en la sabana de Bogotá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha E. Andrade

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Las plagas que atacan cultivos de llores bajo invernadero son cada vez más importantes por la gravedad de su daño y por la alta densidad con que suelen presentarse. Para su control se ha acudido principalmente a la utilización de productos químicos, lo cual conduce a un aumento en los costos de producción, a contaminar el medio ambiente, a afectar la salud humana y a crear resistencia de los insectos a los insecticidas. Debido a esto, es necesario incluír dentro de los programas de control a los reguladores naturales de las plagas: parasitoides, depredadores y microorganismos entornógenos. En el presente trabajo se registran los enemigos naturales más importantes de las principales plagas en llores bajo invernadero (crisantemo, rosa y clavel: Liriomyza huidobrensis Blanchard, L. trifolii Burgess (Diptera: Agrornyzídae; Myzuz persicae Sulzer (Homoptera: Aphididae; Tetranychus urticae Koch y T. cinnabarinus Boísduval (Acarina: Tetranychidae; también se señalan las plantas hospedantes alternas presentes en las localidades donde se realizó la investigación.

  7. Estrellas, flores y princesas como objetos en 1615: Las dos estrellas trocadas" y" Los ramilletes de Madrid",de Lope de Vega

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Soledad Arredondo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la comedia de Lope con perspectiva feminista. La obra se inserta en la simbología política de la época, es también un documento propagandístico de las dobles bodas franco-españolas de 1615, y un testimonio de la utilización de la mujer en los matrimonios reales.

  8. Dynamique de la flore et de la végétation des Niayes et du Bassin arachidier au Sénégal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elhadji Faye

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Reactualisation of floristic and phytosociologic datas in Niayes and Peanut-Basin areas were undertook with village scale approach to better underline resources' conervation. In Savannah and sub-guinean areas specially in the Peanut-Basin and Niayes, 288 floristic samples were put in place in 6 villages in an stratified way based on ethnic groups, land use systems and topography. In the same time, 25 samples were realised in the 2 reference sites (Noflaye and Sambandé and comparison were made with researches conducted in 1940. Datas were submitted to multivariate analysis. SØrensen similarity index were used to compare villages systems and natural sites. Results showed discrimination of 11 phytosociologic groups: 5 of which came from natural sites (savanah G4 Hexalobus monopetalus et Gardenia ternifolia and G8 Acacia macrostachya et Ischaemum rugosum, secondary forest G10 Aphania senegalensis et Voaganca africana, semi-aquatic vegetations G1 Ipomoea aquatica et I. dichroa and G5 Phragmites australis subsp australis et Paspalum vaginatum and 6 from anthropic systems (disturbed areas G6 Echinochloa colona et Jussiae erecta and G7 Dactyloctenium aegyptium et Brachiaria disticophylla, and finally post-cultural zones with G2 Brachiaria disticophylla et Cenchrus biflorus, G3 Celosia trigyna et Digitaria velutina, G9 Tephrosia purpurea et Cenchrus biflorus and G11 Mitracarpus scaber et Eragrostis tremula. Natural sites groups were progressively invided by disturded area species and the others by ruderals and nitrophyl species. Overall floristic richness is about 336 species among which 260 from the Niayes sites and 176 from Peanut-Basin ones. References sites are always richer in terms af genera but peul areas are richer in termes of species. Differences were evidenced between actual taxa and Trochain (1940 descriptions. This methodological approach might be extended to other ecogeographical zones in Senegal in order to better identify and follow phyotosociologic groups dynamics and facilitate their integration in modern classification. Keywords : Senegal, flora, phytosociology groups, dynamics.

  9. Máscaras, flores e divinos: a cultura material da Festa do Espírito Santo de Pirenópolis/GO

    OpenAIRE

    Geraldes, Amanda Alexandre Ferreira; PUC-SP.

    2013-01-01

    A Festa do Divino Espírito Santo da cidade de Pirenópolis, no estado de Goiás, ocupa um espaço especial no imaginário coletivo da comunidade. Neste artigo, cuja pesquisa se encontra em desenvolvimento para a elaboração da dissertação de mestrado, iremos apresentar uma breve descrição dos tempos da festa e as muitas formas de celebrar o Divino. A pesquisa propõe analisar objetos da cultura material produzidos para a festa e busca identificar a relação estabelecida entre os significados dos sím...

  10. Ação de inibidores de enzimas oxidativas e crescimento bacteriano sobre a longevidade das flores de ave-do-paraíso (Strelitzia reginae Aiton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Ermelinda Marques

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar a eficiência de inibidores das enzimas polifenoloxidase e peroxidase, além da participação do crescimento bacteriano nas hastes florais de ave-do-paraíso, soluções de vaso contendo inibidores das enzimas polifenoloxidase e peroxidase foram aplicadas em sistema de pulso. Foram feitos dois experimentos: no primeiro foram aplicados 2-mercaptoetanol 10 mM, catecol 5 mM, p-nitrofenol 5 mM, metabissulfito de sódio 10 mM e água destilada, sem a correção do pH, o segundo foi feito com os mesmos tratamentos acima, porém com o pH ajustado para 6,0. A atividade das enzimas oxidativas foi determinada a cada 48 horas até a senescência dos floretes, quando foi então avaliada a contagem total de bactérias presentes na porção basal da haste. O metabissulfito de sódio 10 mM resultou na maior redução da atividade das enzimas no segundo dia após a aplicação, comparado com os demais inibidores. Em todos os tratamentos, em ambos os experimentos, a população bacteriana foi elevada contribuindo para a obstrução física das hastes.

  11. El teatro como intervención feminista antirracista. Reflexiones en torno a las obras de teatro Raíz de ébano y Flores amarillas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astrid Yulieth Cuero Montenegro

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Se reflexiona sobre la relación entre cultura, arte y política feminista antirracista a partir de mi participación en el Teatro-Foro Género y Racismo (Bogotá, 2011. A través del análisis de dos obras de teatro y de reflexiones teóricas sobre las articulaciones entre sexismo y racismo, sugiero la posibilidad de pensar el teatro como una forma de intervención feminista antirracista, como una forma de crear conciencia sobre el racismo que experimentamos como mujeres y como cuerpos racializados. Sitúo el teatro como un acto estético y político, con potencial para cuestionar las relaciones de poder y los mecanismos de opresión.

  12. Caracterización etnográfica de la cocina cultural de los municipios turísticos de la Ruta de las Flores

    OpenAIRE

    Ventura Santos, Salomé Danilo

    2015-01-01

    La cocina, la gastronomía y la hotelería en su conjunto son pilares en el que se asientan las actividades turísticas; En El Salvador existe una gran variedad de platillos que se han convertido en símbolos de identidad cultural de los salvadoreños. Muchos de estos platillos se remontan a épocas prehispánicas. Sin embargo la gastronomía en la época pre-colonial ha sido la base alimentaria de pueblos enteros, ha sido producto de intercambio entre culturas muy diferentes, se ha transmitido a t...

  13. Análisis del discurso no verbal de los adivinos de la Calle Flores, del Centro Histórico de Quito

    OpenAIRE

    Cevallos Barragán, Elia

    2012-01-01

    En América Latina, las relaciones sociales al interior de cada grupo humano se fundamentan en el conocimiento de los diferentes códigos culturales y comunicacionales, cuyo pasado inmediato son los mitos, las leyendas, las creencias y las tradiciones. Cada pueblo tiene en su haber formas de expresión, de comunicación, que los hace ser diferentes y a la vez iguales. La diversidad presente en los pueblos se encuentra en la historia que los antecede. Es así como los shamanes lle...

  14. La tierra pública periurbana: Arrendamiento, enfiteusis y ventas en el entorno agrario de Buenos Aires [San José de Flores, 1800-1862

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Valeria Ciliberto

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Las distintas cuestiones vinculadas al traspaso de las tierras públicas a manos particulares [en usufructo y en propiedad plena] en la campaña bonaerense del siglo XIX han suscitado el interés de diversos investigadores que, a partir de estudios de casos mayoritariamente vinculados a la dinámica de expansión de la frontera sur, delinearon las modalidades generales del proceso. Abordando el estudio de los distintos modos de acceso a la tenencia y propiedad de la tierra, en el contexto de la venta de los terrenos fiscales situados en el entorno agrario de la ciudad de Buenos Aires, pretendemos sumar al conocimiento de esta dinámica las particularidades de un área de muy antiguo asentamiento y ocupación productiva, con una larga tradición de arrendamiento de tierras de 'pan llevar' de antigua propiedad eclesiástica y una agricultura mercantil de pequeños y medianos productores orientada al abasto urbano

  15. EL JUEGO Y EL RITO COMO FUNDAMENTOS DE LA ESTRUCTURA DRAMÁTICA EN TRES OBRAS DE EGON WOLFF: LOS INVASORES, FLORES DE PAPEL Y CICATRICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Thomas Dublé

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available El tema del juego tiene un lugar importante en la obra de Egon Wolff. Sus muy diversos modos de actualización en la extensa dramaturgia de este autor pueden sintetizarse en dos, que aparecen a lo largo de su producción con distintos matices y combinaciones. Por una parte, fundamenta las convenciones rituales de la cotidianeidad de los personajes, con funciones de disimulo y protección ante la realidad social que éstos perciben hostil. En este caso, el juego constituye un recurso para neutralizar y manipular al otro en beneficio propio, mediante el enmascaramiento. Pero también lo lúdico aparece con las características libertarias y creativas que le son propias, presentándose como una opción autentificadoraInside the dramatic world of Egon Wolf, social playacting establishes itself as a major theme. Its multiple and diverse modes of representation in his extensive dramaturgy could be summarized in two, appearing with different mances and combination throughout his work. On the one hand, they become the fundament of the ritual conventions of the commonplace acts of the characters, with the function of dissembling and self protection in front of the social reality which is perceived as hostile. In this case, playacting is a resource intended to neutralize and manipulate the other for personal benefit through masking strategies; but also the ludic element appears with creative and libertarian characteristics that are the character’s own, as an option for authenticity

  16. Flore et végétation actuelles de l’Afrique du nord, leur signification en fonction de l’origine, de Involution et des migrations des flores et structures de végétation passées

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    P. Quézel

    1983-11-01

    Full Text Available PRESENT VEGETATION AND FLORA OF NORTHERN AFRICA, THEIR MEANING IN RELATION TO THEIR ORIGIN, EVOLUTION AND MIGRATIONS OF FLORAS AND THE STRUCTURES OF PAST VEGETATION In the light of recent works and biogeographic synthesis, the Mediterranean flora appears more and more as a heterogeneous entity, reflecting, to a great extent, the palaeogeographic and palaeoclimatic history of the region. In particular, the co-existence of elements of southern stock and of northerly elements, presently points to the possibilities of exchange which occurred very early in the Tertiary between the Gondwanian type of floras or the less  tropical types and the Laurasian floras.The tropical elements are numerous and can be linked to various entities according to their age; a pantropical entity comprising in particular, Tetraclinis and Warionia, but also various families, is common to all the tropical regions and, without any doubt, contemporary with the dismemberment of Gondwana; a north-tropical entity peculiarly common to California and the Mediterranean region; a palaeotropical entity strongly heterogeneous and complex. One finds there: —  thermophilous sclerophyll types often linked to the African rainforest species, — old xerophilous types, distributed in South Africa and north of the Equator (randflora, — endemic taxa of high African mountains, showing affinities with Ethiopian species or of the high African mountains, —  taxa more recently arrived or even common sahelian species settled during the last pluvial. The elements of extratropical stock are composed of autochthonal or Mediterraneo-Tertiary elements, and of northern elements. The Mediterraneo-Tertiary elements are the remnants of differentiated floras generally in situ on the banks of the Tethys and on the micro-plates which occur there. The role of the Iberian micro-plate is particularly important in the western Magreb. It is advisable to associate them with various species belonging to the Irano-touranian and Saharo-Arab stocks, whose settlement is often recent. An oro-Mesogean entity is particularly important and brings together the endemo-vicariant taxa generally occurring from the Atlas to the western Himalayas. The northern elements bring together a mesothermal entity, a remnant o f the pre-glacial Lauresian floras, poorly represented in north Africa, a microthermal northern entity generally comprising species recently established and a north-alpine entity contemporary with the last glaciations, extremely localized on the high Atlas mountains. Finally, the origin of the main characteristic formations of the Mediterranean stages is examined and discussed.

  17. Distanciamiento ilustrado en las argumentaciones deconstructoras de Rousseau

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    Francisco Javier Higuero

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available En conformidad con lo explicado por Jean-Jacques Rousseau a lo largo de su producción filosófica, el estado ideal de la naturaleza no sólo se define como anterior a categorizaciones lingüísticas, sino que, hasta cierto punto, ha sido romantizado por diversos críticos, abocados a presentar las ideas de dicho pensador como marcadamente alejadas de la premisas y propuestas esgrimidas por el movimiento cultural de la Ilustración. Tal estado originario de la naturaleza se presta a ser considerado como pacífico, harmónico, vacío de envidia y prelingüístico o silencioso. En semejantes circunstancias, el habitante de tal entorno natural se aproximaba al mundo directamente y sin las fisuras producidas por elucubraciones culturales, provenientes de dictámenes civilizatorios. Sin embargo, la teoría de la voluntad general, defendida por Rousseau en El contrato social, desarrolla estrategias argumentativas dirigidas a superar el aislacionismo congénito al habitante del estado de la naturaleza, intentando deconstruir la dicotomía binaria que enfrentaba a la abstracta racionalidad ilustrada con la inmediatez de la experiencia primigenia. The ideal state of nature, as explained in Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s philosophical production, is not only defined as non-linguistic, but also has been, to certain extent, romanticized by many critics who present the ideas of this thinker as distant from the premises and proposals that the cultural movement that the Enlightenment defended. Such an primary state of nature was considered to be blissful, peaceful, harmonious, void of envy or jealously and prelinguistic or silent. Related to this circumstance, man’s natural view of the world was immediate and whole, unfractured by language and articulated words. However, when Rousseau presented in The Social Contract his theory of the General Will, he developed argumentative strategies directed to overcome the isolationist connotations of the state of nature and

  18. Los climas políticos y las responsabilidades filosóficas: La lección de Cassirer sobre Filosofía y Política (1944

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    Aramayo, Roberto R.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In his speech of 1944 on Philosophy and Politics, Ernst Cassirer puts forward an idea that will be revisited in The Myth of the State and prevails in a good part of his works. Philosophy must be accountable for promoting certain political climates, such as what happened with some thinkers who favoured the consolidation of Nazism. Thought crises may generate social or political turbulences, because in these circumstances there is a continuous dialectic between thinkers and people of action, between ideas and facts, summing up, between theory and praxis. The main historic-political problems cannot be solved without taking into account the fundamental questions approached from a philosophical perspective, because there is an unavoidable interaction between the structure of ideas and our socio-political reality. The Davos’s debate, The idea of the Republican Constitution, The problem Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Moral Philosophy, Rights and Metaphysics: A dialogue with Axel Hägerstrom are presented in order to illustrate this thesis defended by the author of this paper, who has also written La Quimera del Rey Filósofo (The Chimera of the Philosopher King.

    En su conferencia de 1944 sobre Filosofía y Política Ernst Cassirer expone algo que será retomado por El mito del Estado y preside buena parte de su obra. La filosofía debe rendir cuentas en cuanto responsable indirecta de ciertos climas políticos, tal como sucedió con ciertos pensadores que propiciaron la consolidación del nazismo. Las crisis de pensamiento pueden generar convulsiones políticas o sociales, porque se da una continua dialéctica entre pensadores y hombres de acción, entre las ideas y los hechos, en definitiva, entre la teoría y la práctica. Los grandes problemas histórico-políticos no pueden resolverse sin atender a las cuestiones fundamentales abordadas desde una perspectiva filosófica, toda vez que se da una insoslayable interacción entre la estructura de

  19. Communicational devices and the production of imaginaries: the case of scientific journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Salazar Salgado

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available From the French tradition of discourse analysis (AD, this article aims at reflecting upon notes of journal’s peer review forms from the Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros (IEB/USP and the Graduate Program in Geogra- phy of FFLCH-USP, GEOUSP: Espaço e Tempo, mobilizing the notion of device recently developed by Jean-Jacques Courtine (2013. It focuses the imaginary of science which is (rebuilt up from the way the editorial processes occurs and characterizes the scientific communication, weaving what Dominique Maingueneau (2006 considers as a discursive institution. On the basis of considerations of the research entitled Editorial genetic rites and scientific communication: a review of activity in journals, this work intended to highlight the configuration of these journals as communicative devices. Therefore, some evidences are presented of the constitution of this imaginary by showing some editorial genetic rites adopted in the journal’s editorial mediation processes. So far, this investigation proves that some dimensions of the editorial mediation are guided by the imaginary of science which puts academic knowledge into public circulation.

  20. Staff members with 25 years' service at CERN in 2003

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The following staff members with 25 years' service in 2003 were invited by the Director-General to a reception in their honour on 20 November 2003: ALLIOD Patrick/ATGESCHONKE Gunther/AB AYMON Marcel/HRGLASER Maurice/EP BAUDET Serge/TISHUGOT Bernard/AB BENOIT-JEANNIN Brigitte/SPLJOUVE Christian/AT BERRY Peter/HRJULLIARD André/ST BIERI Catherine/STLAFAGE Patrice/ST BLANC Didier/STLAJUST Danièle/DSU BLANC Michel/ITLEGRAND Dominique/AT BOCH Guy/ITLONG Serge/EST BONZANO Roberto/STLYONNET André/EP BURCKHART Doris/EPMALOD-DOGNIN Jean-Pierre/ST BURNS Alan/ABMAURY Stephan/AC BURTIN Gérard/ABMILES John/AT CARENA Wisla/EPMONET René/EST CASTEL André/ESTMULLER André/TIS CLIFF Frank/HRPERREAL Pierre/AT CUCCURU Giovanni/ATPETERSEN Jørgen/EP DAMIANI Michel/ABPETIT Patrick/EP DELUCINGE Evelyne/ATPIERRE Patrice/AB DHOTE Patrick/SPLROUX Jacques/EP FLUCKIGER François/ITSAMYN Dirk/EP FORESTE Antonio/ESTSAVIOZ Jean Jacques/AB FRAIS...

  1. Figurino, moda e luxo no filme Zuzu Angel

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    Haussen, Luciana Fagundes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa o figurino de cinema a partir do filme Zuzu Angel (Sergio Rezende, 2006, e discute como é representada a obra desta designer brasileira de roupas das décadas de 60 e 70, sob o aspecto da relação de seu trabalho com as idéias de moda e luxo. Destaca a trajetória da equipe de produção do figurino do filme e a repercussão das suas escolhas em cenas-chave desta produção audiovisual. Para tanto, trabalha com a contextualização histórica, a narrativa cinematográfica e com os conceitos de figurino de cinema, moda e luxo. Como suporte teórico, recorre às obras de, Michel Pastoureau, para as análises dos tecidos, de Jean-Jacques Roubine, Deborah Nadoolman Landis e Marcel Martin, sobre o papel do figurino na dramaturgia e no cinema, e Gilles Lipovetsky sobre os conceitos de moda e luxo

  2. The political thought of Madame de Genlis: Rousseau’s Royalist Legacy

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    Carolina Armenteros

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available On sait très peu sur la pensée politique de Félicité de Genlis (1746-1830 à part le fait qu’elle est devenue royaliste après la Révolution française. Cependant le tableau de l’Arcadie de Lagaraye dans Adèle et Théodore, ou lettres sur l’éducation (1782, fournit beaucoup de détails sur ce sujet. La figure du Législateur, en particulier, y démontre que la pensée politique de Genlis s’intéresse principalement à l’administration émotive des sociétés politiques, surtout en ce qui regarde les femmes, tout en rappelant – et en critiquant – les préoccupations politiques de Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Cet article analyse les correspondances et les contrastes entre Lagaraye et l’Arcadie de Clarens que Rousseau a dépeint dans Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse (1762. Il met Genlis en avant comme une critique sévère des idées de Rousseau, ainsi qu’une adhérente secrète du rousseauisme politique qui a développé sa vision politique sur la base de celle du Citoyen de Genève.

  3. Dubbing and manipulation: The name of the rose, a case study.

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    Francisca García Luque

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we illustrate the possibilities of manipulation offered by dubbing as a modality of audiovisual translation with some examples extracted from the film The name of the rose, directed by the French Jean-Jacques Annaud (1986, and based on the novel by Umberto Eco Il nome della rosa (1980. Firstly, we will concentrate on the changes operated in the Italian version, which could be divided into different categories. It is observed that the speech of the narrator is remarkably longer. By analysing the content of the sentences added, we can clearly hear the echoes of some passages of the novel and, in some instances, we can even find an utterance suspiciously similar to Eco’s bestseller. Some of the characters’ utterances are enlarged during the dialogues, and there is even a whole new scene. Secondly, we will examine the changes operated in the French version. This time we also find some enlargements with respect to the English version, although not as important as in the Italian case, and also a new scene. In this version, what is more noticeable during the whole film is the accent of the characters, which tries to reflect the origin of the different monks living in the abbey. Finally, we will say a few words about the Spanish version, which appears to be the most faithful to the original version.

  4. The Contact Dynamics method: A nonsmooth story

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubois, Frédéric; Acary, Vincent; Jean, Michel

    2018-03-01

    When velocity jumps are occurring, the dynamics is said to be nonsmooth. For instance, in collections of contacting rigid bodies, jumps are caused by shocks and dry friction. Without compliance at the interface, contact laws are not only non-differentiable in the usual sense but also multi-valued. Modeling contacting bodies is of interest in order to understand the behavior of numerous mechanical systems such as flexible multi-body systems, granular materials or masonry. These granular materials behave puzzlingly either like a solid or a fluid and a description in the frame of classical continuous mechanics would be welcome though far to be satisfactory nowadays. Jean-Jacques Moreau greatly contributed to convex analysis, functions of bounded variations, differential measure theory, sweeping process theory, definitive mathematical tools to deal with nonsmooth dynamics. He converted all these underlying theoretical ideas into an original nonsmooth implicit numerical method called Contact Dynamics (CD); a robust and efficient method to simulate large collections of bodies with frictional contacts and impacts. The CD method offers a very interesting complementary alternative to the family of smoothed explicit numerical methods, often called Distinct Elements Method (DEM). In this paper developments and improvements of the CD method are presented together with a critical comparative review of advantages and drawbacks of both approaches. xml:lang="fr"

  5. Golden Jubilee Event for Cinema Fans

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    As part of the Organisation's Fiftieth Anniversary celebrations the CERN CineClub will be showing a special series of films beginning with works by British, French, German, Norwegian and Spanish directors. The Club hopes to include films from all of the Member States in the programme. CERN's linguistic and cultural diversity will be celebrated from mid-February onwards when the CERN CineClub, whose summer English language film season will be familiar to many of you, plans to show a series of films from CERN's 20 Member States. The programme marks the CineClub's contribution to CERN's fiftieth anniversary festivities. The first film, "Four weddings and a funeral" (Mike Newell, 1994), will be shown in the Main Auditorium on 12 February. Next in the series will be films from Germany (Himmel über Berlin, or "The Wings of Desire", by Wim Wenders, 1987), Spain (Los Lunes al Sol, or "Mondays in the Sun", by Fernando Leon de Aranoa, 2002), France ( Diva , by Jean Jacques Beinex, 1981) and Norway (Elling, b...

  6. Sistemi e autopoiesi nella musica elettronica su nastro magnetico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Cossettini

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available With the development of sound production and processing technologies, composers' private rooms stopped delimiting the boundaries of musical creativity, which started inhabiting recording studios instead. Here memory, traditionally entrusted to paper and to the silence of the musical text, met a technology that enabled to record sounds directly, thus achieving the acoustic fulfilment of the composer's thought. The crystalline abstraction of musical notation gave way to a world of sounds submerged in noise as well as in human and technological indeterminacy: it is a world that requires specific control strategies and direct confrontation with performance practices and listening within a complex system. Composers were tossed into this system, becoming performers and active observers of their own work. Thus, the linearity of Shannon’s model of communication was altered. In his works on musical semiology, Jean-Jacques Nattiez had already modified the model from Sender -> Message -> Receiver to Poietic dimension -> Trace <- Esthesic dimension. The rise of the composer as an active observer requires a new transformation of the model of communication, creating a continuous feedback between the different elements. This feedback will often involve the listener as well. The electronic music work can therefore be seen as a self-organizing system that includes in itself the electronic devices as well as the human factor that operates them. In this system, compositional models are the invariants that vouch for the identity and recognisability of the work.

  7. Developmentalism: An Obscure but Pervasive Restriction

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    J. E. Stone

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite continuing criticism of public education, experimentally demonstrated and field tested teaching methods have been ignored, rejected, and abandoned. Instead of a stable consensus regarding best teaching practices, there seems only an unending succession of innovations. A longstanding educational doctrine appears to underlie this anomalous state of affairs. Termed developmentalism, it presumes "natural" ontogenesis to be optimal and it requires experimentally demonstrated teaching practices to overcome a presumption that they interfere with an optimal developmental trajectory. It also discourages teachers and parents from asserting themselves with children. Instead of effective interventions, it seeks the preservation of a postulated natural perfection. Developmentalism's rich history is expressed in a literature extending over 400 years. Its notable exponents include Jean Jacques Rousseau, John Dewey, and Jean Piaget; and its most recent expressions include "developmentally appropriate practice" and "constructivism." In the years during which it gained ascendance, developmentalism served as a basis for rejecting harsh and inhumane teaching methods. Today it impedes efforts to hold schools accountable for student academic achievement.

  8. Active school of Adolphe Ferrière

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    Kocić Ljubomir P.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents views of Adolphe Ferrière, a Swiss educator and psychologist and a Professor at the "Jean-Jacques Rousseau" Institute, about active school - one of the "new school" movements that emerged in the first half of 20th century as a countermove to traditional school founded on Herbartian conception of education. Condemning old school’s intellectualism and verbalism, active school turns towards a child, his nature, needs and interests, and declares activity, "child’s self-work", the basic principle of education. The paper points out Ferrière’s contributions to the transformation of "learning school" into "working and activity school". After presenting Ferrière’s criticism of traditional school as well as a number of "new school" movements, the author provides in more detail essential features of active school. Ferrière’s argumentation against attempts to identify active school with "handwork school" and against tendencies to make it equal with "active methods" is herein presented. Also, the author elaborates why Ferrière turns down the objection that active school neglects intellectual education and why he does not accept pragmatic qualifications of active school. Consideration is given to the demands of active school for teacher education i.e. characteristics that a "new school" teacher should possess as required by Ferrière.

  9. GLOBALIZATION AND THE FUTURE OF DEMOCRACY

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    John Markoff

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Writing on the eve of the democratic breakthrough of the late eighteenth century, Jean-Jacques Rousseau gave vivid voice to a critique of the political institutions across the Channel that were admired by so many French reformers of the day. Commenting scornfully on British electoral practice, he observed in 1762 that:"The people of England regards itself as free, but it is gravely mistaken. It is free only during the election of Parliament. As soon as they are elected, slavery overtakes it, and it is nothing. The use it makes of the short moments of liberty it enjoys merits losing them." Rousseau's contention about the limitations of electoral institutions was in no way superseded by the age of democratic revolution that followed. From the 1790s to the present, there have been recurrent complaints about the depth of popular involvement in political life, the reality of popular control over powerholders, and the possibility that the existence of some form of institutional channel for participation could blind publics to the inadequacy of that participation. Rousseau's critique has repeatedly reappeared in one form or another and has informed movements for a more genuine democratization.

  10. Educação e formas de conhecimento: do inatismo antigo (Platão e da educação natural moderna (Rousseau = Education and shapes of knowledge: from ancient innatism and from modern natural education (Rousseau

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    Dalbosco, Cláudio Almir

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trata da relação entre educação e formas de conhecimento. Busca esclarecer em que sentido certa noção epistemológica de educação pode influenciar decisivamente na relação entre educador e educando, mais precisamente na maneira como o educador concebe o modo como o educando aprende. Analisa, como caso ilustrativo, o modelo inatista antigo, que tem sua referência maior no Menão de Platão e, modernamente, o modelo da educação natural, desenvolvido por Jean-Jacques Rousseau no Émile. Defende a tese de que a educação natural, ao basear-se na experiência e nos sentidos da criança e na educação pelas coisas, representa uma objeção consistente ao modelo inatista clássico

  11. Club de pétanque

    CERN Multimedia

    Club de pétanque

    2012-01-01

    Pour le dernier concours interne de la saison Challenge Pierre Lecossec la pluie nous obligea de disputer cette rencontre dans le charmant boulodrôme "Des Arbères" à Meyrin. Vingt huit participants étaient présents et afin de ne pas finir trop tard, les parties furent limitées à 45 minutes. Comme à l'habitude trois parties devaient départager les joueurs. Les quatres premiers sur le podium gagnèrent les trois parties et c'est donc le goal-avérage qui rentra en jeu. Le vainqueur Claude Macari, toujours présents et qui a dû s'octroyer trois victoires sur les cinq concours de la saison. Jean-Jacques Stuppi un invité et ami du président nous démontra ses talents et prend donc la deuxième place. Jacques Dutour plus rarement présent dans nos concours et compétite...

  12. Exhibition

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

    Energie sombre, matière noire J.-J. Dalmais - J. Maréchal Du 11 au 27 novembre 2014, CERN Meyrin, Bâtiment principal A l’image des particules atomiques qui ont tissé des liens pour créer la matière, deux artistes haut bugistes croisent leurs regards et conjuguent leurs expressions singulières pour faire naître une vision commune de l’univers, produit des forces primordiales. Les sculptures de Jean-Jacques Dalmais et les peintures de Jacki Maréchal se rencontrent pour la première fois et se racontent par un enrichissement mutuel la belle histoire de la Vie. Dialogue magique des œuvres en mouvement qui questionnent en écho l’énergie sombre et la matière noire. Cette harmonieuse confluence de jeux de miroir et de résonnance illumine de poésie et de sobriété l’espace expos&...

  13. Rousseuanian conservatism

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    Cláudio Araujo Reis

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available CONSERVADORISMO ROUSSEAUNIANO Resumo: o texto procura examinar alguns aspectos da filosofia política de Rousseau à luz do conservadorismo, tal como caracterizado a partir da teoria das ideologias de Michael Freeden. Pretende-se explorar uma possibilidade: e se olhássemos o pensamento de Rousseau através do filtro da ideologia conservadora? Não se trata tanto, aqui, de acrescentar mais uma figura àquela já extensa galeria. O objetivo é, antes, ver, se examinamos através desse filtro o pensamento político rousseuaniano. Palavras-chave: Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Conservadorismo. Ideologias. Abstract: for Rousseau, in the State of nature, man is governed by two principles, the “amour de soi” and the pitié, that means. even before of the contest of reason and the moral foundations of morality are present. Endowed with a natural sympathy, the man in this non-historic State is not good because it distinguishes right from wrong, but because the maximum that inspires him comes from stems from the natural goodness and leads him to make your as well as the least bad possible. Keywords: Pitié. State of nature. Perfectibility. Reason. Moral.

  14. Club de pétanque

    CERN Multimedia

    Club de pétanque

    2013-01-01

    C'est sous une journée radieuse que s'est déroulé le jeudi 29 août 2013 notre concours interne "Challenge Jean-Claude Frot"pour la seizième année consécutive. Trente deux participants soit seize doublettes se disputaient en trois parties avec tirage à la mêlée. Notre concours ouvert à tous les amateurs de pétanque recevait Saint-Genis-Pouilly en la présence de leur président Didier Patroix,le club de Mouxy et son président Gino Nogare ainsi que des membres du club de Machilly. Après délibération de notre juge arbitre Claude Jouve quatre joueurs avaient gagné les trois parties et il fallait donc approfondir avec le goal avérage par les points faits et les points laissés faire. 1er : Jean-Jacques Stuppi,membre du club de Machilly et qui devient ...

  15. Rousseau: opinión pública y voluntad general

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    HELENA BÉJAR

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available Se traza la unidad subyacente de la concepción de Jean-Jacques Rousseau sobre la opinión pública. Para ello se analiza desde su temprano Discurso sobre las artes y las ciencias hasta sus maduros Discurso sobre el origen y los fundamentos de la desigualdad entre los hombres y El contrato social. En el primer discurso, la opinión pública es denunciada como la mera colocación de los puntos de vista privados. En el segundo, se concibe genéticamente, siendo en las sociedades primitivas algo colectivo formado públicamente, para después, con la aparición de los falsos valores (apariencias en la sociedad, convertirse en lo opuesto. En la formulación final de Rosseau, la noción de contrato social (una colectividad creando una sociedad voluntariamente, la opinión pública es entendida, idealmente, idéntica a la voluntad general. Las funciones prácticas de la opinión pública en el contrato social (censura moral y formulación de la voluntad de la sociedad son herramientas del poder autoritario, la verdadera colectividad se pierde y el individuo como tal es inexistente.

  16. OUTDOOR EDUCATION AND GEOGRAPHICAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDREA GUARAN

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the reflection on the relationship between values and methodological principles of Outdoor Education and spatial and geographical education perspectives, especially in pre-school and primary school, which relates to the age between 3 and 10 years. Outdoor Education is an educational practice that is already rooted in the philosophical thought of the 16th and the 17th centuries, from John Locke to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and in the pedagogical thought, in particular Friedrich Fröbel, and it has now a quite stable tradition in Northern Europe countries. In Italy, however, there are still few experiences and they usually do not have a systematic and structural modality, but rather a temporarily and experimentally outdoor organization. In the first part, this paper focuses on the reasons that justify a particular attention to educational paths that favour outdoors activities, providing also a definition of outdoor education and highlighting its values. It is also essential to understand that educational programs in open spaces, such as a forest or simply the schoolyard, surely offers the possibility to learn geographical situations. Therefore, the question that arises is how to finalize the best stimulus that the spatial location guarantees for the acquisition of knowledge, skills and abilities about space and geography.

  17. Werther Goes Viral: Suicidal Contagion, Anti-Vaccination, and Infectious Sympathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faubert, Michelle

    The fear that suicidality could spread through textual contagion-that textually represented suicide could enter the reader's mind and cause self-destruction-took hold long before Émile Durkheim theorized it in the Victorian period. This article argues that the fear of suicidal contagion and the horror of vaccination, both of which raged in Britain in the long eighteenth century, were linked to ideas about sympathy and the importation of the Other into the Self. With reference to the psychoanalytic notions of extimité and étrangerété; the eighteenth-century medical theories of William Rowley and Edward Jenner; the philosophy of "sympathy," as adumbrated in the work of John Locke, Adam Smith, David Hume and Edmund Burke; and two key novels of sensibility (Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Julie and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's The Sorrows of Young Werther), this article examines the root of a belief that exists even today: that, in a suicidal process, the invading Other could become the Self and, Trojan horse-style, destroy it from the inside.

  18. The history of wealth concept and ways to achieve it for sustainable development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. A. Kalchenko

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The evolution of well-known philosophers and economists views on wealth is considered: Voltaire, Adam Smith, JeanJacques Rousseau, Karl Marx, John Stuart Mill, Milton Friedman, John Maynard Keynes, Joseph Schumpeter, Georg von Wallwitz and others. Economics was initially studying ways and means of achieving wealth. The essence of wealth has changed dramatically in people's minds after the first and the second industrial revolutions. The world today is on the verge of the third industrial revolution (according to Jeremy Rifkin, or, as it is called by many scientists, the new tenor of technology. In the history of any civilization comes the moment of a radical direction change for new prospects or endangered. Not all civilizations were able to transform in time. However, in the past, the effects of civilizations collapse were limited in time, space, and never addressed the species. Currently, the high probability of temperature and planet geochemistry changes as a result of climate change can lead to mass extinction of animals, plants, and people. Humanity has the ability to transit into a stable post-carbon era in the middle of the century and to prevent catastrophic climate change. Currently, sustainable development is the mechanism used to achieve the ultimate goal of any country, enterprise and human development, which is wealth. Under controlled sustainable development we understand the system unity of not only economic, social, environmental, but also resource, technological, institutional activities, as well as a permanent interaction between development and economic safety.

  19. Proving communal warfare among hunter-gatherers: The Quasi-Rousseauan error.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gat, Azar

    2015-01-01

    Was human fighting always there, as old as our species? Or is it a late cultural invention, emerging after the transition to agriculture and the rise of the state, which began, respectively, only around ten thousand and five thousand years ago? Viewed against the life span of our species, Homo sapiens, stretching back 150,000-200,000 years, let alone the roughly two million years of our genus Homo, this is the tip of the iceberg. We now have a temporal frame and plenty of empirical evidence for the "state of nature" that Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacque Rousseau discussed in the abstract and described in diametrically opposed terms. All human populations during the Pleistocene, until about 12,000 years ago, were hunter-gatherers, or foragers, of the simple, mobile sort that lacked accumulated resources. Studying such human populations that survived until recently or still survive in remote corners of the world, anthropology should have been uniquely positioned to answer the question of aboriginal human fighting or lack thereof. Yet access to, and the interpretation of, that information has been intrinsically problematic. The main problem has been the "contact paradox." Prestate societies have no written records of their own. Therefore, documenting them requires contact with literate state societies that necessarily affects the former and potentially changes their behavior, including fighting. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Sete novelas a procura de um tradutor: a aventura de Corpo de baile na França = Seven tales in search of a translator: the adventure of Corpo de baile in French

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aguiar, Márcia Valéria Martinez de

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A preparação das notas da correspondência trocada entre João Guimarães Rosa e seu tradutor francês, Jean-Jacques Villard, está nos levando a ampliar a compreensão da tradução e da recepção da obra do escritor nos anos 1960 na França. Um dos aspectos desse processo que sempre nos intrigara, e que as cartas trocadas entre o escritor e seu tradutor não eram capazes de esclarecer, dizia respeito ao modo como se estabelecera o contato entre eles. A investigação que empreendemos a partir do nome de Michel Chodkiewicz, editor da Seuil responsável pela publicação das obras de Guimarães Rosa junto a essa editora, levou-nos não só a responder a essa questão, como a entender o papel fundamental que o compromisso pessoal de um editor para com uma obra representara para a publicação de Corpo de baile na França dos anos 1960

  1. The ATLAS cryostat comes into the lime-light

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Jean-Jacques Aubert, director of IN2P3, addresses the teams involved in the ATLAS electromagnetic calorimeter. At the rear, the barrel cryostat being equipped. In response to an invitation from IN2P3, the French national institute for nuclear and particle physics, the ATLAS experiment teams have celebrated progress made in the construction of their Liquid Argon Detector. In particular they wanted to salute the arrival of the cryostat for one of the end-caps, built by the company Simic in Italy. The second is expected at the end of January 2003. The cryostats are the fruit of a collaboration between IN2P3, the Max Planck Institute in Munich and the German Ministry for education and research (BMBF). The barrel cryostat arrived from Japan last year. The three cryostats will contain four types of different detectors made by the collaboration. They will contain in total nearly 400 modules including electromagnetic modules. More than half the modules for one of the two electromagnetic calorimeter barrels have bee...

  2. Overactive bladder, differential diagnosis, and clinical utility of fesoterodine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wyndaele J-J

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Jacques WyndaeleDepartment of Urology, Antwerp University, Antwerp, BelgiumAbstract: Overactive bladder is a symptom syndrome with urgency, frequency and, in many cases, nocturia. Urge incontinence is not present in all. There is no direct correlation with detrusor overactivity, an objective finding during urodynamic testing where involuntary contractions can be noticed. In the pathophysiology, much more attention has been given to the afferent/sensory arm of the micturition reflex in the last decade. Anatomical and infectious causes have to be diagnosed or ruled out. Diagnosis of overactive bladder is made mostly by history-taking, but other tests can be necessary in specific patients. Treatment consists of behavioral measures, a good explanation of the condition, training, and pelvic floor physiotherapy. Drugs are often used. Until recently, antimuscarinic drugs have been the mainstay of pharmacological therapy. Fesoterodine is a newer antimuscarinic agent which is more pharmacodynamically stable then tolterodine. Fesoterodine has been extensively researched using different dosages and compared with placebo and tolterodine, in different age groups, and under different conditions. Fesoterodine is superior to placebo and to tolterodine in the short term and long term. Its safety is very acceptable.Keywords: overactive bladder, fesoterodine, incontinence, urgency, lower urinary tract

  3. O lugar do Émile na arquitetônica do pensamento de Rousseau: problemas de vínculo entre educação e política = The role of Émile in Rousseau’s architectural thought: link problems between education and politcs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalbosco, Cláudio Almir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O ensaio investiga o problema da unidade entre o Segundo Discurso, o Émile e Do Contrato Social, consideradas como obras filosóficas principais do pensamento de Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Reconstrói duas tradições interpretativas, uma favorável e outra contrária à unidade. A primeira, representada por Voughan, Guéroult e Kersting, procura mostrar a incompatibilidade entre o diagnóstico pessimista do Segundo Discurso e o ideal normativo atribuído ao Estado pelo Do Contrato Social. A segunda tradição interpretativa, que remonta a Immanuel Kant, postula a unidade focando no papel normativo que o Émile atribui à educação como forma de correção da maldade humana e da corrupção social e política. Ao assumir partido favorável a esta segunda interpretação, o ensaio destaca a centralidade que o Émile ocupa na arquitetônica do pensamento de Rousseau. Disso resulta a importância da teoria educacional na elaboração do ideal republicano e democrático baseado na vida livre de iguais entre iguais

  4. CERN, accelerator of motivation

    CERN Multimedia

    François Becler

    2014-01-01

    Have your dreams ever come true? My dream did, when I was lucky enough to be allowed into the world’s largest particle physics laboratory and spend five whole days there.   François, in front of LEP's DELPHI detector, displayed in the LHCb cavern. François was given the opportunity to visit the experiment during his placement at CERN. I’m a pupil in my last year at the Collège Jean-Jacques Rousseau in Saint-Julien-en-Genevois and was on a work experience placement at CERN from 16 to 20 December last year. I’m so happy I was chosen because working alongside physicists and engineers of all nationalities was like a dream come true. The first thing that impressed me was the size of the site, its infrastructures and facilities but also the fact that I was working in a prestigious, world-renowned organisation. I spent lots of time looking at the map and trying to find my way around... CERN's such a massive place ! Th...

  5. The evolution of systolic blood pressure as a strong predictor of cardiovascular risk and the effectiveness of fixed-dose ARB/CCB combinations in lowering levels of this preferential target

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Jacques Mourad

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Jacques MouradHypertension Unit, Avicenne Hospital – AP-HP and Paris XIII University Bobigny, FranceAbstract: Elevated blood pressure is an important cardiovascular risk factor. Although targets for both diastolic blood pressure (DBP and systolic blood pressure (SBP are defined by current guidelines, DBP has historically taken precedence in hypertension management. However, there is strong evidence that SBP is superior to DBP as a predictor of cardiovascular events. Moreover, achieving control of SBP is assuming greater importance amongst an aging population. In spite of the growing recognition of the importance of SBP in reducing cardiovascular risk and the emphasis by current guidelines on SBP control, a substantial proportion of patients still fail to achieve SBP targets, and SBP control is achieved much less frequently than DBP control. Thus, new approaches to the management of hypertension are required in order to control SBP and minimize cardiovascular risk. Fixed-dose combination (FDC therapy is an approach that offers the advantages of multiple drug administration and a reduction in regimen complexity that favors compliance. We have reviewed the latest evidence demonstrating the efficacy in targeting SBP of the most recent FDC products; combinations of the calcium channel blocker (CCB, amlodipine, with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs, valsartan or olmesartan. In addition, results from studies with new classes of agent are outlined.Keywords: hypertension, systolic blood pressure, angiotensin receptor blocker, calcium channel blocker, combination therapy

  6. Ontogênese de caneluras em pedúnculo de flores de laranjeira doce infectados pelo vírus da tristeza dos citros estirpe "Capão Bonito"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco André Ossamu Tanaka

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Um estudo da ontogênese das caneluras induzidas em ramos de laranjeiras doces suscetíveis por isolados severos do vírus da tristeza dos citros (Citrus tristeza vírus - CTV foi feito usando-se como modelo pedúnculos florais e de frutos. O menor calibre destes órgãos permite um melhor acompanhamento do processo. As observações foram feitas em laranjeira cv. Pêra infetada pelo isolado severo Capão Bonito do CTV. Cinco fases do processo de formação de caneluras puderam ser deduzidas pelas análises anatômicas. As primeiras alterações são representadas pelo aparecimento de células adensadas, hipertrofia e hiperplasia no parênquima e câmbio do floema e uma desorganização generalizada desta área. Segue-se uma atividade intensa do câmbio do floema adjacente e sua expansão em direção ao xilema. Esta invasão do xilema resulta na ruptura do anel do xilema pela massa celular do floema constituída de células recém formadas de parede celular delgada. Esta invasão do floema em direção ao xilema inicia um processo de degeneração dos vasos e parênquima do xilema. Finalmente há um colapso completo da região do xilema invadida, que é substituída pela massa do floema, resultando na canelura, notada ao se remover a casca.An ontogenetic study of the stem pitting was carried out, using as a model system the peduncle of flowers and fruits of sweet orange cv. Pêra infected by a very severe isolate, Capão Bonito, of Citrus tristeza virus (CTV. Anatomical and ultrastructural analysis revealed five phases of this process. It starts with the localized appearance of chromatic cells in the phloem parenchyma, hypertrophy of companion and cambial cells and overall disorganization of the phloem and deposition of a dense material. The next step is characterized by the invasion of the xylem by an abnormal mass of phloem parenchymal cells formed by the disorganized proliferation. These changes lead to the third phase, where xylem ring is interrupted by the invading abnormal phloem proliferation, which produces undifferentiated cells with thin cell wall. The irregular activity of the vascular cambium continues followed by the complete degeneration of the xylem complemented by the appearance of dense phenolic deposits. Finally, there is the complete collapse of the xylem in the invaded region, and the corresponding space is occupied by the phloem mass which correspond to the stem pitting.

  7. Prevalencia de patologías osteomusculares del miembro superior y su relación con factores ocupacionales en trabajadores de una empresa de flores. Bogotá 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Báez Colorado, Andrea Liliana; Ascencio Ramírez, Zuly Katteryne; Avellaneda Ramírez, Viviana Katherine

    2015-01-01

    Antecedentes: Las patologías osteomusculares del miembro superior son una importante causa de morbilidad laboral a nivel mundial y en nuestro país, particularmente en el sector de la floricultura. Del desarrollo de estos desórdenes se derivan importantes costos derivados del ausentismo laboral, incapacidades y secuelas. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de patología osteomuscular de miembro superior con calificación de origen de enfermedad laboral, en los trabajadores con diagnóstico d...

  8. Preferencia de los Trips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae Hacia Trampas de colores en un Invernadero de Flores de la Sabana de Bogotá Color preference of Trhips (Thysanoptera: tripidae in crysanthemum crops at the Bogotá plateau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cardenas Estrella

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available Se trabajó con un total de 36 trampas, 6 colores y 6 replicaciones por color, se les adicionó un pegante y se distribuyeron completamente al azar dentro de un invernadero comercial ubicado en Chía Cundinamarca. Los colores probados fueron: blanco, morado, amarillo, rojo, naranja y verde, Los colores blanco y morado mostraron la más alta eficiencia en la captura de adultos de Frsnkliniette oeeidentalis (Pegande
    mientras que el color verde capturó el menor número de esta especie. Se capturaron además adultos de F. panamensis Hood,
    F. minuta (Moulton, F. auripes Hood y Thrips tabaei Lindeman pero en menor cantidad.White, violet, yellow, red, orange and green colors with six replicates were tried. This study was done in a green house
    grown chrysantemum crop. White and violet showed the highest efficiency by capturing the greatest number of adults of Frankliniella oeeidentalis, the most abundant species during the experimento Green color captured the lowest number of F. oeeidentalis. Other species captured were F. panamensis Hood,
    F. minuta (Moulton, F. auripes Hood and Tbrips tabaei Lindeman.

  9. Titulações espectrofotométricas de sistemas ácido-base utilizando extrato de flores contendo antocianinas Spectrophotometric titrations of acid-base systems using flower extracts containig anthocyanins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Souza Cortes

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Considering the attraction of the students' attention by the changes in the colors of vegetable crude extracts caused by the variation of the pH of the medium, the use of these different colors in order to demonstrate principles of spectrophotometric acid-base titrations using the crude extracts as indicators is proposed. The experimental setup consisted of a simple spectrophotometer, a homemade flow cell and a pump to propel the fluids along the system. Students should be stimulated to choose the best wavelength to monitor the changes in color during the titration. Since the pH of the equivalence point depends on the system titrated, the wavelength must be properly chosen to follow these changes, demonstrating the importance of the correct choice of the indicator. When compared with the potentiometric results, errors as low as 2% could be found using Rhododendron simsii (azalea or Tibouchina granulosa (Glory tree, quaresmeira as sources of the crude extracts.

  10. Actividad antimicrobiana y análisis de la composición química de una fracción de las flores de Acmella ciliata (Kunth) Cass

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mejía, C.; Osorio, J.; Barrera, M.; Rezek, Jan; Vaněk, Tomáš

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 20, č. 4 (2015), s. 409-418 ISSN 1028-4796 Grant - others:European Regional Development Fund(XE) CZ.2.16/3.1.00/24014 Institutional support: RVO:61389030 Keywords : Acmella ciliata * alkamides * spilanthol Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1028-47962015000400005&lng=en&nrm=iso

  11. EVALUACIÓN DE PRÁCTICAS ASOCIADAS CON LA REMOCIÓN DE FLORES, FRUTOS LATERALES O CENTRALES Y/O DE LA PRIMER MANO BASAL EN EL RACIMO DE BANANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Vargas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Prácticas relacionadas con el manejo del racimo de banano, se evaluaron en el Caribe costarricense durante el 2011 por medio de 6 experimentos. Estos fueron, 1 y 2: con (testigo y sin desflora; 3 y 4: sin (testigo y con desgaje; 5 y 6: a-remoción de 3 manos inferiores y/o remoción de frutos centrales de la primera mano (túnel, bremoción de la primera mano y 2 manos inferiores, y cremoción de 2 manos inferiores, confección de un gajo (mano inferior y túnel (primera mano. Se evaluaron variables de producción y aprovechamiento. En los experimentos de desflora y desgaje, salvo excepciones, no hubo diferencias (p>0,0620 para las variables de producción entre ejecutar o no la labor. En los experimentos 5 y 6 no hubo diferencias (p>0,0804 salvo en el peso del racimo (p0,0109; en la primera y cuarta mano, experimento 5 y longitud (p=0,0443; segunda mano, experimento 5 del fruto. Las causas de rechazo no difirieron entre tratamientos (p>0,0652 excepto para cicatriz de crecimiento (p=0,0353; experimento 2 y lesión nueva (p=0,0192; experimento 6. El rendimiento exportable fue similar (p>0,5750 entre desflorar o no. En el experimento 3 los racimos con gajo tuvieron mayor rendimiento exportable (p0,0612 entre tratamientos. A pesar de que en muchos casos las diferencias en aprovechamiento no alcanzaron significancia estadística, estas representaron un aumento importante en aquellos racimos con gajo.

  12. Anticholinesterase activity and chemical profile of an active chromatographic fraction of ethanolic extract from Bellis perennis L. (Asteraceae) flowers; Atividade anticolinesterasica e perfil quimico de uma fracao cromatografica ativa do extrato etanolico das flores Bellis perennis L. (Asteraceae)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marques, Thiago Henrique Costa; Santos, Pauline Sousa dos; Freitas, Rivelilson Mendes de, E-mail: rivelilson@pq.cnpq.br [Universidade Federal do Piaui (UFPI), Teresina, PI (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias da Saude. Departamento de Bioquimica e Farmacologia; Carvalho, Rusbene Bruno Fonseca de; Melo, Cassio Herbert Santos de [Universidade Federal do Piaui (UFPI), Teresina, PI (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias da Natureza. Departamento de Quimica; David, Juceni Pereira [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Faculdade de Farmacia; David, Jorge Mauricio; Lima, Luciano Silva [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Instituto de Quimica

    2013-09-01

    This work describes the isolation of an active flavonoid fraction and identification of isorhamnetin 3-O-{beta}-D-(6''-acetyl)- alactopyranoside from flowers of B. perennis, and also the evaluation of anticholinesterase (AChE) activity of ethanolic extract from flowers (EEF) and the active fraction. The chemical structure of the flavonoid was defined on the basis of spectroscopic {sup 1}H NMR, IR and UV data. EEF or flavonoid reduces AChE activity in vivo, while flavonoid also reduces AChE activity in vitro, showing a value of 1.49 {mu}M for 50% inhibitory concentration (IC{sub 50}), suggesting potential use as an insecticide or in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. (author)

  13. Zooplankton, temperature, salinity, and nutrients data from bottle and net casts in the Flores Sea from the SAMUDERA from 12 December 1976 to 24 December 1976 (NODC Accession 0000673)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Zooplankton, phytoplankton, nutrients, and other data were collected from bottle and net casts from the SUMUDERA from 12 December 1976 to 24 December 1976....

  14. Efecto sedante del extracto alcóholico de hojas y flores de Melissa officinalis “Toronjil” MAS Matricaria chamomilla “Manzanilla” sobre la ansiedad inducida en ratones albinos

    OpenAIRE

    Buendía Ochoa, Jesús Pedro

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: Ansiedad enfermedad del milenio, el cual requiere tratamiento para evitar trastorno mayores. Objetivo: Determinar efecto sedante de Melissa officinalis “Toronjil” más Matricaria chamomilla “Manzanilla” sobre ansiedad inducida en ratones albinos. Diseño: Experimental. Lugar: Facultad de Medicina y Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Material Biológico: ratones, ratas albinos. Intervenciones: Treintaises ratones fueron inducidos a hiperacti...

  15. Zooplankton, temperature, salinity, and nutrients data from bottle and net casts in the Flores Sea from the SAMUDERA from 14 July 1976 to 26 July 1976 (NODC Accession 0000672)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Zooplankton, phytoplankton, nutrients, and other data were collected using bottles and nets from the SAMUDERA from 14 July 1976 to 26 July 1976 . Zooplankton data...

  16. Análise da viabilidade econômica para produção de flores em Umuarama, noroeste do Paraná. = Analisys of the economic viability of fl ower production in Uuarama, northwest Paraná.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Regina Dias-Arieira

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O noroeste do Paraná caracteriza-se pelas atividades agropecuárias, com ênfase na exploração de grandesculturas, como soja, milho e cana-de-açúcar e na pecuária de corte. Contudo, outras oportunidades têm se apresentado dadaa crescente dinâmica da atividade econômica brasileira. A produção de fl ores é uma alternativa para os pequenos e médiosempresários rurais, e uma atividade em expansão no Brasil. Além disso, fatores como difi culdades de escoamento, transportee armazenamento, antes limitantes dessa cultura, hoje têm sido superados com pesquisas e tecnologia. No entanto, antes de seefetivar o investimento, o empresário deve fazer um estudo da viabilidade técnica e econômica da atividade ou cultura a serimplantada, conhecer suas peculiaridades e estar apto a aproveitar as oportunidades e a proteger-se das ameaças do negócio.Dentre tais peculiaridades, deve-se destacar a estrutura de custos da atividade, identifi cando os principais fatores de produçãoque afetam o rendimento e a rentabilidade do negócio. Objetivou-se com esse trabalho avaliar a viabilidade de implantação emanutenção de uma estrutura de produção de fl ores em Umuarama, região noroeste no Paraná. = The northeastern of Paraná is characterized by agribussines activities with enfasis on agricultural exploration, assoybean, corn, sugar cane and meat cattle. However, others opportunities are present, by moment of brasilian economy. Theflowers production is an alternative for the agricultural entrepeneurs and an activity in growth in Brazil. Moreover, factorsas diffi cults of dry, transport and stock, before limitantes for this culture, have been eliminated with research and tecnology.However, if accomplishing the investment, the entrepreneur must make a study of the economic and technological viability ofthe activity or culture to be implanted, to know your peculiarities and left it apt to use to advantage the chances and to protectthemselves of the threats of the business. Amongst such peculiarities, the structure of costs of the activity must be detached,identifying the main factors of production that affect the income and the yield of the business. Therefore, the present workintended to evaluate the viability of implantation and maintenance of a structure of production of fl owers in Umuarama, regionthe northwest in the Paraná.

  17. WATER TEMPERATURE and other data from ANRO AUSTRALIA, ENCOUNTER BAY and other platforms in the Timor Sea, Flores Sea and other waters from 1990-07-10 to 1991-08-19 (NODC Accession 9500139)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The water depth and temperature data was collected as part of Global Temperature- Salinity Pilot Project (GTSPP) using 4 different ships by the Commonwealth...

  18. Etude de la flore bactérienne dans les plaies tumorales du sein : incidence des biofilms bactériens sur l'évolution des plaies et le développement d'odeurs

    OpenAIRE

    Fromantin, Isabelle

    2012-01-01

    The malignant wound is an infiltration by tumoral cells of the cutaneous tissue, the blood and/or lymphatic vessels. These wounds can appear in different forms and and be accompagnied by various symptoms. Independently of the septic risk, the presence of nauseating odors induces social, family and conjugal difficulties, expressed mostly by disgust, a sensation of dirt or decay. It influences the medical behavior.Bacterial colonisation, odors and septic risks seem to be connected and mainly oc...

  19. Propriedade intelectual na cadeia de flores e plantas ornamentais: uma análise da legislação brasileira de proteção de cultivares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Dias de Sá

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper addresses the impacts of the Brazilian Plant Variety Protection (PVP System on the flower chain. While the system has stimulated the marketing of new varieties of plants it has also raised transactions costs for companies operating in the country. Because the farmers’ privilege provision is not well delineated within the national jurisprudence, protection of property rights may became ineffective for asexually reproduced plants. In order to deal with such situation, foreign breeding companies have adopted specific contractual arrangements partially supported by the existing intellectual property rights regime. Based on semi-structured interviews with breeders, flowers growers and wholesalers, the paper explores the specificity of concrete experiences in the Brazilian market and advances policy recommendations that may serve for the improvement of marketing and investment conditions at the flower chain.

  20. Receptividade do estigma e desenvolvimento do tubo polínico em flores de pessegueiro submetidas à temperatura elevada Stigma receptivity and pollen tube development in peach flowers submitted to high temperature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilisandra Zanandrea

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Dentre os diversos fatores que afetam a produtividade do pessegueiro em regiões subtropicais, está a ocorrência de temperaturas elevadas no início da floração. Tais temperaturas podem causar danos ao estigma e à germinação do grão de pólen, ocasionando decréscimo na fecundação e na fixação dos frutos. O presente trabalho teve por objetivo detectar diferenças entre genótipos quanto à tolerância à temperatura elevada (29±2ºC, bem como verificar se tais diferenças poderiam ser detectadas por um processo simples, utilizando ramos destacados. Para isso, foram realizados dois experimentos, sendo um com ramos destacados e outro com plantas inteiras em vasos, obtidas por enxertia, no outono. As estimativas de graus de receptividade do estigma e de comprimento do tubo polínico nos ramos destacados sugerem que as seleções Conserva 1566 e Conserva 693 e a cv. 'Maciel' não sofrem negativamente influência da temperatura de 29°C. A receptividade do estigma, mesmo em ramos destacados, pode discriminar os genótipos quanto à tolerância da parte feminina a temperaturas próximas a 29°C.Several factors can cause an erratic production of peaches under subtropical conditions. The occurrence of high temperatures on the beginning of blooming is one of them. Such temperatures can damage the stigma and the pollen germination, causing a decrease on fecundation and fruit set. The present work had the objective of looking for differences in tolerance to 29±2ºC among peach genotypes, as well as checking if a simple method using detached twigs would be suitable to detect differences. Two experiments were conducted using whole plants in vase, on one and detached twigs on the other. Estimates of pollen tube growth on the pistil and stigma receptivity suggested that selections Conserva 1566 and Conserva 693 and cv. 'Maciel' were tolerant to temperatures around 29°C at begining of blooming. Stigma receptivity, even in detached twigs, showed differences among genotypes.

  1. Comportamiento clínico del miedo infantil al estomatólogo con tratamiento de flores de Bach Clinical behaviour of the child fear to the dentist after Bach´ flower therapy.

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    Marylena García Milanés

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal en niños de 6 a 7 años de edad, de ambos sexos, procedentes del Centro Escolar “26 de Julio”, que asistieron a la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial Docente con manifestaciones de temor y “miedo al dentista”, en un período comprendido de octubre del 2005 a junio del 2006. El universo de estudio estuvo constituido por 50 pacientes que presentaron este desequilibrio emocional. Se realizaron encuestas a niños y padres para la identificación del tipo de miedo y el hábito, indicándose el remedio floral combinado con otras esencias florales, de acuerdo con el tipo de miedo diagnosticado. Los resultados del comportamiento en clínica del miedo se evaluaron a los 7, 14, 21 y 30 días de tratamiento. Los resultados se reflejaron en tablas. Se observó la mejoría en 38 niños del total de los casos, para el 82 % a los 30 días de tratamiento. Se recomendó profundizar en los resultados de este estudio y realizar un ensayo clínico terapéutico.A descriptive cross-sectional study of children of both sexes aged 6 to 7 years, from “26 de Julio” school, who went to the Provincial Dental Clinic with signs of “fear to the dentist” in the period from October 2005 to June 2006, was conducted. The universe of study was made up of 50 patients who presented with emotional impairment. Children and parents were surveyed to identify the type of fear and habit; then flower remedies combined with other flower scents were indicated to treat the diagnosed type of fear. The behavioral results in the clinic were evaluated at the 7th, 14th, 21st and 30th days of treatment. The final outcomes were shown in tables. Thirty eight children improved their behavior towards the dentist, accounting for 82% of the total number after 30 days of treatment. It was recommended to thoroughbly analyze the results of this study and to make a further therapeutical clinical assay.

  2. Thrips Species (Thysanoptera thripidae more common in cut flower greenhouse in Bogotá plateau Especies de trips (Thysanoptera:Thripidae mas comunes en invernaderos de flores de la sabana de Bogotá

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    Corredor Dario

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available We report sorne species found in and around greenhouses at the Bogotá plateau, whith keys and drawings to make an easier identification. Three genera were found: Taeniothrips, Thrips and
    FrankDniella; this last genus has the highest number of species found inthe greenhouses. A key to identify F. occidentalis, F. auripes, F.panamensís, F. minuta, F. colombiana, Taeniothrips simplex and thrips tabaci, and a list of hosts for each species in and out of the greenhouses are presented.Se registran algunas especies de trips hallados dentro y alrededor de invernaderos en la sabana de Bogotá, se proponen claves y esquemas para facilitar su determinación. Se encontraron tres géneros a saber: Taeniothrips, Thrips y Frank#niella; este último género presenta el mayor número de especies en los invernaderos de la Sabana de Bogotá. Se propone una clave para las especies de F. occidentaKs, F.
    auripes, F. panamensis, F. minuta, F. colombiana, Taeniothrips simplex y Thrips tabaci. También, se presenta una lista de plantas hospedantes para cada especie de trips, dentro y fuera de invernaderos.

  3. O uso popular das flores de Brugmansia suaveolens (G.DON.), solanácea, com finalidade terapêutica. Investigação experimental do mecanismo de ação da atividade antinociceptiva

    OpenAIRE

    Parker, Alexander Garcia

    2006-01-01

    Dissertação(mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Escola de Enfermagem, 2006. As plantas têm sido, desde a antiguidade, um recurso terapêutico ao alcance da civilização humana. O conhecimento popular acerca das plantas, repassado através de gerações, possibilita a identificação de fontes naturais de compostos químicos importantes para a obtenção de novos fármacos. No município do Rio Grande, RS, a Brugmansia suaveolens, popularmente ...

  4. Educação, desenvolvimento humano e cosmos Education, human development and cosmos

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    Maurício Mogilka

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo procura analisar o processo de formação e desenvolvimento humano. Ele toma como ponto de partida conceitos da pedagogia humanista e tenta produzir alguns avanços na reflexão sobre esses processos. O artigo tenta demonstrar que essa abordagem explica esses processos de forma interacionista, global e holística. Suas reflexões iniciais se baseiam no pensamento de Carl Rogers, Jean-Jacques Rousseau e John Dewey, tentando resgatar importantes contribuições desses três pensadores sobre o desenvolvimento humano. Em seguida, busca demonstrar a necessidade de superar algumas contradições nas idéias desses autores, atitude necessária para radicalizar uma compreensão interacionista do tema. Talvez a principal contradição nesses autores e em uma parte considerável das pedagogias antiautoritárias esteja na oscilação entre inatismo e interacionismo. Não obstante o grande valor dessas pedagogias para a estruturação de propostas radicalmente democráticas de educação e de sociedade, o artigo tenta demonstrar a necessidade de superação da citada oscilação para avançarmos nesse campo. Ao radicalizarmos o interacionismo, podemos exercitar uma compreensão complexa de ser humano, que o enxerga como um ser afetivo, político e cósmico, simultaneamente. Assim, o organismo humano é entendido em sua unidade interna, em seu pertencimento social e em sua ligação com o cosmos, dimensões imprescindíveis para uma compreensão não fragmentária do desenvolvimento humano.This article seeks to analyze the process of human formation and development. It takes as a point of departure concepts of the humanist pedagogy, and tries to move forwards in the reflection upon these processes. The text attempts to demonstrate that this approach explains these processes in an interactionist, global and holistic way. Its main reflections are based on the thought of Carl Rogers, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and John Dewey, trying to recall important

  5. From Ambiguity to Deceptiveness: the Case of Hybrid since- Subordinates in English

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    Bénédicte GUILLAUME

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Lorsqu’il est utilisé en tant que subordonnant, since peut introduire une subordonnée circonstancielle de temps ou bien de cause. Cet article s’intéresse aux cas dans lesquels une telle polysémie au niveau du subordonnant déclenche une ambiguïté quant à la nature temporelle ou causale de l’utilisation de la subordonnée. En plus du recours au contexte endophorique ou exophorique, nous proposons des critères syntaxiques de désambigüisation, mis au jour grâce à l’étude d’un corpus de près de cinq cent exemples pris dans le British National Corpus, un corpus d’anglais contemporain de cent millions de mots. En dépit de tout cela, une petite minorité d’exemples reste inclassable, remplissant ainsi les conditions pour être considérés comme « hybrides » en fonction de la définition que nous en proposons, à savoir des subordonnées permettant de remettre en cause la division traditionnelle entre les catégories de subordonnées en anglais, dans la mesure où ils possèdent au moins une caractéristique déviante par rapport à la catégorie à laquelle ils semblent appartenir en fonction de tous leurs autres traits. De tels phénomènes rendent nécessaires la prise en compte d’un « reste », selon la terminologie de Jean-Jacques Lecercle, dans la grammaire d’une langue donnée.When since is used as a subordinator,it can introduce either a temporal adverbial clause or a causal one. My purpose in this paper is to study cases in which such a polysemy at the level of the subordinator results in the production of subordinates whose meaning proves to be ambiguous between the categories of time and cause. In addition to the taking into account of the context, whether exophoric or endophoric, I put forward a series of syntactic criteria which should help disambiguate between the two possible interpretations. These are based on the study of the characteristics of nearly five-hundred examples of since- clauses taken

  6. Experiência e observação: de Rousseau ao Referencial Curricular Nacional para a Educação Infantil Experience and observation: from Rousseau to the National Curriculum Reference for Early Childhood Education

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    Sueli Soares dos Santos Batista

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem o objetivo de resgatar os conceitos de experiência e observação presentes em Emílio, de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, discutindo-os na perspectiva de uma educação para a emancipação, conforme formulada pelos autores da teoria crítica, especialmente Walter Benjamin e Theodor W. Adorno. Considerando a utilização e a valorização desses conceitos na teoria e na prática educativas, analisou-se a abordagem dada a eles no Referencial Curricular Nacional para a Educação Infantil, com o objetivo de ressaltar a criticidade presente na defesa da experiência das crianças e de sua observação no cotidiano escolar. Conclui-se, a partir das reflexões sobre os textos de Rousseau e dos autores da teoria crítica, que, no referido documento, diante da polissemia da experiência formativa, ressaltam-se o recorte curricular, a instrumentalização da ação do professor, as experiências e aprendizagens ditas essenciais, a experiência que o professor propicia às crianças e o esquadrinhamento das subjetividades por meio da observação e do registro sistemático. Se Rousseau solicita-nos observar a criança, bem como proporcionar e valorizar experiências significativas, é porque, de alguma forma, valendo-se de um recurso teórico-metodológico, dirige-se a educadores e educandos concretos que, passados quase três séculos, ainda se emaranham entre conceitos e representações sociais de infância sem se darem conta da experiência que legitima a construção desses mesmos conceitos e representações.The article has as its objective to recover the concepts of experience and observation present in Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Émile, discussing them in the perspective of an education for emancipation, as it is formulated by the authors of the Critical Theory, specially Walter Benjamin and Theodor W. Adorno. Considering the use and valuation of these concepts in the theory and practice of education, the text analyzes the treatment given to

  7. Remembering Hemingway: The Endurance of the Hemingway Myth

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    Lyons Siobhan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Consumers of culture can often view history subjectively, perceiving people and events through an idealistic memory to satisfy their perception of ‘great’, heroic people. The image of American writer Ernest Hemingway was partly created by favorable media imagery and celebrity culture. With the advent of newer media technologies in the twentieth century, writers such as Hemingway, James Joyce, Gertrude Stein, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Emile Zola and Ford Maddox Ford (often called the Lost Generation [generation perdue] were able to carefully manipulate their audience through their writing and the Romantic image that was circulated by the public. The idealized way in which these authors were viewed is reminiscent of the period of Romanticism, when authors such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Lord Byron were revered as geniuses. Through films such as Woody Allen’s Midnight in Paris (2011, the Hemingway Myth – in which various attributes and details about the author were exaggerated to fuel Hemingway’s image – has endured well into the twenty-first century. This paper will examine the progress and transformation of the Hemingway Myth, i.e., how it contradicted the man himself. Cultural memory is especially fostered through literature and film, and Allen’s film, along with the 2012 Hemingway and Gellhorn, not only aids this image, of Hemingway as a passionate, romantic gentleman, but it greatly embellishes it. Hemingway’s own works, moreover, facilitated the romanticized manner in which he was received by his public, only later to be solidified in his appearances in various American magazines. This paper will argue that in the field of literature, celebrity authors particularly benefit from the flattering outcome of cultural memory, in which figures such as writers and artists are enamored by their public. By existing in an overwhelmingly artistic industry, it is no surprise that the memory many of these writers leave behind, to this very

  8. Apprendre, un moment de vie ? Savoir, expérience et rapport au vivant

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    Noack Julie

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de cette communication est de comparer sur le plan pédagogique deux conceptions du rapport entre science et vivant, diamétralement opposées sur le plan épistémologique. En se basant sur un livre [1], une conférence [2] et un entretien [3], on analysera l’expérience de pensée par laquelle le biologiste et épistémologue Jean-Jacques Kupiec fait se sentir vivants les apprenants afin de mieux les conscientiser aux réquisits de la démarche scientifique. On comparera ensuite les motivations de Kupiec avec les idées pédagogiques du philosophe-médecin Georges Canguilhem (1904–1995 afin d’essayer de comprendre pourquoi l’un et l’autre jugent pertinent de faire remarquer à l’apprenant qu’il est actuellement en vie. Car, malgré des conceptions du vivant diamétralement opposées, Canguilhem et Kupiec se rejoignent sur l’idée que l’expérience vitale joue un rôle crucial – que ce soit en positif ou en négatif, comme un obstacle épistémologique ou comme un levier heuristique – dans l’apprentissage et la pratique de la biologie ou de la médecine. Prendre en charge cette expérience constitue peut-être une ressource face au double défi (scientifique et éthico-politique qui échoit à l’éducation aux sciences du vivant.

  9. O Julgamento Ético-Político das Ciências e das Artes em Rousseau

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    Adriano Melo Medeiros

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar o exame que Jean-Jacques Rousseau faz do estado das ciências e das artes no século XVIII e apreciar criticamente os juízos e conclusões por ele apresentados, tendo em vista evidenciar os princípios éticos e políticos que guiaram estas análises e suas obras subsequentes. Utilizando-se de uma abordagem qualitativa numa pesquisa bibliográfica, procura-se demonstrar que o referido filósofo desenvolve sua apreciação do assunto em tela a partir de pressupostos que conduzem-no a concluir que as ciências e artes promovem mais vícios que virtudes, tanto para os indivíduos quanto para as sociedades. Apesar desta situação, ele acredita ser possível que ambas sejam causa do bem, uma vez que a causa da corrupção delas está ligada ao modo como a sociedade, e em particular quem detém o poder, lida com o Saber. Nestes raciocínios estão presentes os fundamentos desta sua primeira obra filosófica e a base das seguintes, o que nos leva a concluir que, sem torná-los manifesto não é possível avaliar o mérito, ou demérito, do conjunto de sua filosofia.Palavras-chave: Ética. Filosofia política. Estética. Iluminismo.

  10. The romantic revolution of the Western Middle-Class family

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    Francesca Borruso

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The essay analyzes how the parent-children relationship changed within the bourgeois family between the Eighteen and the Nineteen centuries, also with a look to gender differences. The birth of the love marriage, the transformation of the parent-child relationship towards a more intimate and equal affective relationship, the transformation of the education style, the nineteenth-century cult of motherhood are some of the topics analyzed, that are deemed essential for understanding the complex transformations of family relationships in the western society. Jean-Jacques Rousseau is one of the first representatives of these changes of mentality. The radical critique of the family initiated by Rousseau, in fact, opens the way to a slow shift towards a democratic conception of the relationship between parents and children. The new model of family proposed by Rousseau – notwithstanding the male superiority in terms of «natural law» – is grounded on the agreement and mutual support between the spouses. Finally, the analysis of certain family stories – Manzoni and Rosselli – offers a micro-historical glance to family relationships during the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries. The sources relate not only to the educational literature but also to novels on education, i.e. those non-official narratives (diaries, epistolaries, literary sources that can explain the educational experiences and the network of social and educational conditionings individual lives Cómo referenciar este artículo / How to reference this article Borruso, F. (2015. La rivoluzione romantica della famiglia borghese in Occidente. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 2(1, pp. 309-322. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2015.002.001.015

  11. Application in the STRATHE trial of a score system to compare the efficacy and the tolerability of different therapeutic strategies in the management of hypertension

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    Bernard Waeber

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Bernard Waeber1, Jean-Jacques Mourad21Division de Physiopathologie Clinique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois et Université de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland; 2Hôpital Avicienne, Bobigny, FranceAbstract: A score system integrating the evolution of efficacy and tolerability over time was applied to a subpopulation of the STRATHE trial, a trial performed according to a parallel group design, with a double-blind, random allocation to either a fixed-dose combination strategy (perindopril/indapamide 2 mg/0.625 mg, with the possibility to increase the dose to 3 mg/0.935 mg, and 4 mg/1.250 mg if needed, n = 118, a sequential monotherapy approach (atenolol 50 mg, followed by losartan 50 mg and amlodipine 5 mg if needed, n = 108, or a stepped-care strategy (valsartan 40 mg, followed by valsartan 80 mg and valsartan 80 mg+ hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg if needed, n = 103. The aim was to lower blood pressure below 140/90 mmHg within a 9-month period. The treatment could be adjusted after 3 and 6 months. Only patients in whom the study protocol was strictly applied were included in this analysis. At completion of the trial the total score averaged 13.1 ± 70.5 (mean ± SD using the fixed-dose combination strategy, compared with –7.2 ± 81.0 using the sequential monotherapy approach and –17.5 ± 76.4 using the stepped-care strategy. In conclusion, the use of a score system allows the comparison of antihypertensive therapeutic strategies, taking into account at the same time efficacy and tolerability. In the STRATHE trial the best results were observed with the fixed-dose combination containing low doses of an angiotensin enzyme converting inhibitor (perindopril and a diuretic (indapamide.Keywords: antihypertensive therapy, tolerability, antihypertensive efficacy, fixed-dose combination, sequential monotherapy, stepped-care treatment

  12. OS REGIMES DE GOVERNO DE HERÓDOTO A MONTESQUIEU: UMA REVISÃO CRÍTICA

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    Jonis Manhães Sales Felippe

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir de uma pesquisa bibliográfica no campo da teoria política, este trabalho busca resgatar as discussões elaboradas por pensadores que se propuseram a refletir sobre o ordenamento político mais eficiente para reduzir e administrar tensões e conflitos no Estado. Nesse sentido, considerando a antiguidade de tais preocupações, recorreu-se ao trabalho dos seguintes autores: Heródoto, Platão, Aristóteles, Políbio, Nicolau Maquiavel, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau e Montesquieu. Por meio do levantamento e análise de textos próprios e das publicações de renomados comentaristas, utilizando-se, para isso, de técnicas de leitura como resumos, fichamentos e resenhas, construiu-se uma profícua revisão de literatura sobre a tipologia dos regimes políticos. De modo geral, identificou-se que três tipos de constituições (monarquia, aristocracia e democracia fundamentam a classificação dos autores estudados, embora fortes embates sejam travados na definição das características e da efetividade desses modelos no que se refere à estabilidade do governo. Ao final, para sintetizar o debate e a pertinência das discussões apresentadas, foram tecidas algumas reflexões críticas acerca do governo democrático brasileiro, sugerindo, assim, novas questões para investigação e aprofundamento no campo do pensamento político a partir do contato sempre enriquecedor com as obras clássicas.

  13. « Faire parler les Dieux ». De la démocratie impossible au problème de la religion civile chez Rousseau

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    Christophe Litwin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Au sens strict, la démocratie est pour Jean-Jacques Rousseau la forme de gouvernement où les corps du gouvernement et du peuple souverain sont identiques. Rousseau jugeant cette forme de gouvernement impossible, les commentateurs opposent à cette acception du terme une acception plus large : « démocratie » désignerait non plus la forme du gouvernement, mais celle de la souveraineté populaire elle-même. Cet article réfute cette interprétation encore trop formelle. Partant du constat que la démocratie est impossible comme forme de gouvernement, sauf pour « un peuple de dieux », je montre d’une part que son idée doit moins se comprendre comme forme que principe de gouvernement, et d’autre part que l’emploi du législateur s’identifie rigoureusement à la mise en application initiale de ce principe. Je dégage ensuite la relation entre ce sens principiel du concept de démocratie et la vertu politique dont Rousseau reprend de façon critique le concept à Montesquieu. Dans la dernière partie, je discute du problème que pose cette conception de la démocratie et de la vertu – qui suppose qu’on mette la loi au-dessus de l’homme – dans le contexte historique et moral de l’Europe moderne où la vertu ne peut plus s’appuyer sur un ressort religieux national.

  14. Farah Antûn y la recepción activa del pensamiento europeo

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    Josep Puig Montada

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Farah Antûn (1874-1922 fue autor teatral y periodista, comprometido social y políticamente en las dos actividades. Su ideal era un estado laico, y en un principio creía que este estado podría comprender los territorios del Imperio Otomano, extendidos desde Estambul hasta El Cairo, pero luego se centró en Egipto, aunque es probable que nunca abandonase el primer objetivo. Difundió sus ideas sobre todo a través de la revista al-GâmiÔa, «La liga». Sus inquietudes sociales influían en cómo debía ser este estado y sus gentes. Farah Antûn leía, traducía e interpretaba escritores europeos. La elección de los escritores refleja sus inquietudes, sea acerca de la bondad y libertad naturales (Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Jean Jacques Rousseau, de la libertad religiosa, y de conciencia (Lev Tolstoy, o de la educación pública (Jules Simon. La sociedad ideal aceptaría religión en una forma abierta, y se inspiraba en los escritos de Ernest Renan, varios de los cuales tradujo al árabe. Su relación con F. Nietsche fue ambivalente. Farah Antûn rechazaba sus doctrinas morales pero se sentía atraído por su fe en el poder de la voluntad, doctrina que le parecía había llevado a los Estados Unidos de América a su esplendor y que ayudaría a los países árabes a alcanzarlo también. Sin embargo, los valores representados por la tradición liberal francesa resultaban más importantes.

  15. Are the current recommendations for the use of aspirin in primary prevention of cardiovascular disease applicable in low-income countries?

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    Noubiap JJ

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Jean Jacques N Noubiap,1,2 Jobert Richie N Nansseu3,41Department of Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; 2Medical Diagnostic Center, Yaoundé, Cameroon; 3Sickle Cell Disease Unit, Mother and Child Centre, Chantal BIYA Foundation, Yaoundé, Cameroon; 4Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, CameroonAbstract: Although evidence has accumulated that long-term aspirin therapy is beneficial in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD, a lot of controversies persist regarding the benefit of aspirin use in primary prevention of CVD. In low-income countries (LIC specifically, the decision to prescribe aspirin for primary CVD prevention is more problematic, as there is a dearth of evidence in this regard. Aspirin has been shown to have relative beneficial effects in preventing a first myocardial infarction, but not stroke. However, as stroke is the prevailing CVD in many LIC, especially in Africa, the benefit of aspirin in these settings is therefore questionable. Indeed, there is no published trial that has evaluated the benefits and risks of continuous aspirin therapy in populations of LIC. Furthermore, though cardiovascular risk assessment is crucial in decision-making for the use of aspirin in primary prevention of CVD, there are no risk assessment tools that have been validated in African populations. Studies are urgently warranted, to determine the usefulness of aspirin in primary prevention of CVD in low-income settings where the drug is highly available and affordable, as CVD is becoming the leading cause of deaths in LIC.Keywords: aspirin, cardiovascular disease, primary prevention, low-income countries

  16. Translations on Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs No. 275.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-12-09

    room 218 of the Hotel Florida, situated in the center of Cucuta, and its protagonists were Porfirio Hernandez and Maria Luisa Hernandez de Hernandez...arrested. Apprehended in the same city were marihuana distributors Jesus Flores Aguilar, Virginia Valdivia de Flores, Francisco Guevara Ruiz and...Maria de Jesus Flores Valdez, from whom 127 joints and 500 grams of grass were seized. In Tijuana, the arrest was also made of Ruben Moreno Alcala

  17. Botanical results of a trip to the Salajar Islands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Docters van Leeuwen, W.M.

    1937-01-01

    The Salajar Islands strew the Flores Sea between Celebes and Flores. The group consists of no less than 73 smaller and larger islands. The principal islands are: Salajar or Tanadoang, Djampea, Kalao, Kalaotoa, and Bonerate. A number of smaller islands form together the group of the so-called Tiger

  18. DMPD: Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 2, a protein with multiple functions. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ns. Rico-Bautista E, Flores-Morales A, Fernandez-Perez L. Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2006 Dec;17(6):431-9. ...SOCS) 2, a protein with multiple functions. Authors Rico-Bautista E, Flores-Morales A, Fernandez-Perez L. Pu

  19. Commentary on "Education, Employment and Human Development: Illustrations from Mexico"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strathdee, Rob

    2007-01-01

    Flores-Crespo has written a timely paper, "Education, employment and human development: illustrations from Mexico". Flores-Crespo uses Amartya Sen's ideas to bring a fresh perspective to bear on the relationship between higher education and human development. Although there is growing interest in applying Sen's ideas in a range of…

  20. In vitro propagation of Alternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed), a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PRECIOUS

    callus induction and complete plantlets were obtained from rooted adventitious shoots. Callus production and shoot regeneration from primary callus or hypocotyl ex- plants have been reported by Flores et al. (1982), Flores and Teutonico (1986) in A. cruentus, A. hypochondria- cus, A. tricolor and by Bagga et al. (1987) in A.

  1. Efecto de lignificación de estacas sobre enraizamiento de Bursera morelensis Ram. y Bursera galeottiana Engl. en la Universidad de la Cañada en Teotitlán de Flores Magón, Oaxaca, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Loeza-Corte

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Las Burseras son características de la selva baja caducifolia, se distribuyen desde el sur de Estados Unidos hasta Perú y son utilizadas para la extracción de resinas como el copal y talla de madera como los alebrijes. Por ello, se estableció un experimento de bloques completos al azar con arreglo factorial; los elementos de estudio fueron Bursera morelensis Ram. y Bursera galeottiana Engl. El grado alto y bajo de lignificación de estacas fue utilizado para evaluar el porcentaje de enraizamiento, volumen de raíz y número de brotes aéreos. Los resultados indican que el porcentaje mayor de enraizamiento en B. morelensis se logra con poco grado de lignificación, mientras que en B. galeottiana es mayor. Esto muestra que la reproducción asexual puede ser una alternativa para la propagación de este género en el estado de Oaxaca.

  2. Efecto de lignificación de estacas sobre enraizamiento de Bursera morelensis Ram. y Bursera galeottiana Engl. en la Universidad de la Cañada en Teotitlán de Flores Magón, Oaxaca, México

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Manuel Loeza-Corte; Ernesto Díaz-López; Jesús Manuel Campos-Pastelín; Jesús Israel Orlando-Guerrero

    2013-01-01

    Las Burseras son características de la selva baja caducifolia, se distribuyen desde el sur de Estados Unidos hasta Perú y son utilizadas para la extracción de resinas como el copal y talla de madera como los alebrijes. Por ello, se estableció un experimento de bloques completos al azar con arreglo factorial; los elementos de estudio fueron Bursera morelensis Ram. y Bursera galeottiana Engl. El grado alto y bajo de lignificación de estacas fue utilizado para evaluar el porcentaje de enraizami...

  3. Propuesta de elaboración de un Manual de Control Interno basado en el modelo COSO, aplicado a la gasolinera Milchichig María Ángela Flores e Hijos Cía. Ltda. del cantón Cuenca

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Bautista, Byron Josué; Tenesaca Pulla, Jessica Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Todas las organizaciones necesitan estar conscientes que se encuentran expuestas a incurrir en riesgos tanto internos como externos dentro de sus actividades y operaciones realizadas a diario, es por esta razón que se ve la necesidad de implantar un sistema de control interno que permita realizar las actividades y operaciones de la empresa de manera eficiente y eficaz así como de contar con una seguridad razonable la información generada por dichas actividades. Este trabajo que es una pro...

  4. MILTON, John. Paraíso Reconquistado. Tradução de Guilherme Gontijo Flores (coord., Adriano Scandolara, Bianca Davanzo, Rodrigo Tadeu Gonçalves, Vinicius Ferreira Barth; ilustrações de William Blake. São Paulo: Cultura, 2014. 304 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beethoven Barreto Alvarez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available O Paraíso Reconquistado (Paradise Regained, poema épico de 2070 versos divididos em quatro livros composto por John Milton e publicado em 1671, pela primeira vez (até onde se pode constatar, ganha uma tradução em versos publicada em língua portuguesa. O poema, que é uma espécie de sequel do muito mais conhecido e traduzido Paraído Perdido (Paradise Lost, narra agora a retomada do paraíso (anteriormente perdido pelo pecado original de Adão e Eva graças a Jesus, que refuta uma série de três tentações de Satã no deserto.

  5. MILTON, John. Paraíso Reconquistado. Tradução de Guilherme Gontijo Flores (coord., Adriano Scandolara, Bianca Davanzo, Rodrigo Tadeu Gonçalves, Vinicius Ferreira Barth; ilustrações de William Blake. São Paulo: Cultura, 2014. 304 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beethoven Barreto Alvarez

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2016v36n3p406 O Paraíso Reconquistado (Paradise Regained, poema épico de 2070 versos divididos em quatro livros composto por John Milton e publicado em 1671, pela primeira vez (até onde se pode constatar, ganha uma tradução em versos publicada em língua portuguesa. O poema, que é uma espécie de sequel do muito mais conhecido e traduzido Paraído Perdido (Paradise Lost, narra agora a retomada do paraíso (anteriormente perdido pelo pecado original de Adão e Eva graças a Jesus, que refuta  uma série de três tentações de Satã no deserto.

  6. Contribution á l’étude des lichens du Kivu (Zaire, du Rwanda et du Burundi. VII. Approche écogéographique de la flore et de la végétation lichéniques dans Pest de P Afrique centrale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Lambinon

    1983-11-01

    Full Text Available A short historical record of the lichenological exploration of tropical Africa, especially Kivu (Zaire, Rwanda and Burundi is given, including an account of the material collected and of the present state of taxonomic knowledge of the lichens. Several phytogeographical categories can be recognized in this area; they are (some with significant variants: subcosmopolitan, temperate-tropical, pantropical, paleotropical, afro-neotropical, guineo-congolian, sudano-zambezian, zambezian-afrooriental and zambezian, central African lakes endemic, afromontane and afroalpine. The distributional types of the lichens within the studied area are briefly described, as well as their importance in the main vegetation types.

  7. “Hola, estáis en vuestra casa”: la negociación de conflictos culturales, étnicos y de género en Flores de otro mundo de Icíar Bollaín

    OpenAIRE

    Frank Leinen

    2014-01-01

    En los años noventa llegó a los cines españoles un mayor número de películas dirigidas por mujeres que antes. Cuatro de esas directoras –Icíar Bollaín, Isabel Coixet, Judith Colell y Teresa de Pelegrí– no habían cumplido aún los treinta años cuando presentaron su primer largometraje y con él su visión de la sociedad española y la situación de la vida de las mujeres. Icíar Bollaín forma parte del grupo de directoras que imprimieron dinamismo a la esfera de la cinematografía española, que sigue...

  8. Modelo de Gestión para la Creación de la Cooperativa de Ahorro y Credito Caso Yasipan para el Sctor Agropecuario en las Parroquias de Cebadas Flores Punin y Licto de la Provincia de Chimborazo Periodo 2013-2014

    OpenAIRE

    Salazar Tenelanda, Marco Vinicio

    2015-01-01

    Este proyecto se lo realiza a partir de que el GAD de Chimborazo, y su principal autoridad el Dr. Mariano Curicama, prefecto de la provincia propone un proyecto de riego, para 41 comunidades del cantón Guamote y Riobamba, con un rubro de 80 millones de dólares, mismos que serán entregados previos a la elaboración técnica del mismo. De acuerdo a la nueva matriz productiva que el gobierno nacional del Ecuador propone para el periodo 2014- 2017 , se toma en cuenta que los proyectos tienen efecto...

  9. OCORRÊNCIA E DURAÇÃO DAS TEMPERATURAS MÍNIMAS DIÁRIAS DO AR PREJUDICIAIS À FECUNDAÇÃO DAS FLORES DO ARROZ EM SANTA MARIA, RS: .II - ESTIMATIVA DO NÚMERO DIÁRIO DE HORAS COM TEMPERATURAS BAIXAS

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    Valduino Estefanel

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho objetivou testar os modelos analíticos utilizados por ANGELOCCI et al (1979, HELDWEIN (1983 e os propostos com ajustes para o verão de Santa Maria (Santa Maria, I, II e III para estimar o número diário de horas com temperatura do ar ≤ 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 e 17,0°C, para os meses de dezembro, Janeiro, fevereiro e março para Santa Maria, RS. A comparação entre os valores obtidos diretamente dos termogramas e os estimados por cinco modelos analíticos (ANGELOCCI et al, 1979; HELDWEIN,1983; Santa Maria I, II e III foi feita em função dos valores médios diários de horas dos dias com temperaturas baixas, coeficientes de determinação, linear e angular da equação de 1° grau entre os valores reais e os estimados. Verifica-se que é possível estimar, com precisão satisfatória, o número diário de horas com temperatura do ar ≤ 17, 16, 15, 14, 13 e 12,0°C, utilizando os modelos analíticos de ANGELOCCI et al (1979 e o Santa Maria III.

  10. Beija-flores (Aves: Trochilidae e seus recursos florais em uma área de caatinga da Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brasil Hummingbirds (Aves: Trochilidae and their floral resources in an area of caatinga vegetation in the Chapada Diamantina, Bahia State, Northeast Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caio Graco Machado

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the species of hummingbird occurring in an area of caatinga vegetation, examining their seasonal activities, the assemblages of plants that they used, as well as the floral characteristics and flowering phenology of that vegetation. These surveys were performed in an area of arboreal caatinga in Chapada Diamantina, municipality of Mucugê, state of Bahia, Brazil, during 12 expeditions undertaken on a bi-monthly basis between October, 2005 and August, 2007. Field activities included observations made of the visiting hummingbird species, their behavior, and the frequency of their visits; as well as the plant species visited, their floral attributes, size, and the flowering phenophase evident on the occasion of each expedition. Seven species of hummingbirds were registered, including five residents. Phaethornis pretrei (Lesson & Delattre, 1839 acted as the organizer of this pollination guild. This species and Chlorostilbon lucidus (Shaw, 1812, these two species were considered the principal pollinators within the community. The hummingbirds visited a total of 29 plant species, of which only 12 are considered ornitophilous. The plant community presented a continuous flowering, with 19 species flowering in both the dry and the rainy season, permitting the year-round permanence of resident hummingbird species.

  11. Progress in the domain of emissions tracking and environment radioactivity monitoring - Proceedings of the technical days organised by the SFRP Environment Section

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Calmet, Dominique; Calvez, Marianne; Rivasseau, Corinne Cea; Monfort, Marguerite; Manificat, Guillaume; Pierrard, Olivier; Couvez, Celine; Masson, Olivier; Bruno, Valerie; Renaud, Philippe; Genova, Zhana; Reynal, Nathalie; Le Coz, Eric; Tchilian, Nathalie; Diana, Jean-Jacques; Beguinel, Philippe; Cortes, Pierre; Puydarrieux, Stephane; Brun, Thierry; Devin, Patrick; Clavel, Benoit; Hemidy, Pierre-Yves; Gontier, Gilles; Delloye, Thierry; Mailliat, Alain; Ferreri, Giovanni; LECLERC, Elisabeth

    2015-11-01

    The Environment Section of the French Society of Radiation Protection (SFRP) organized a technical meeting on the progress made in the domain of emissions tracking and environment radioactivity monitoring. This document brings together the abstracts and the presentations (slides) of the different talks given at the meeting: 1 - Environment monitoring at the global, national and local scale: historical overview (Dominique CALMET, CEA); 2 - Evolution of radioactivity monitoring in the environment from 1960 to the present day (Guillaume MANIFICAT, IRSN); 3 - Euratom's legal framework (Zhana GENOVA, CTE); 4 - Main regulatory changes during the last decade (Nathalie REYNAL, ASN); 5 - Progress of standardization works on radioactive effluent emissions control and environment monitoring (Philippe BEGUINEL, BNEN); 6 - From operators' self-monitoring to ASN's inspections: a many components control system (Eric LE COZ, ASN); 7 - Control of effluents and emissions management at CEA Centres (Marianne CALVEZ, CEA); 8 - Liquid and gaseous effluents of ITER experimental facility: description and impacts (Pierre CORTES, IO); 9 - Effluents and emissions management strategy at AREVA NC La Hague facility (Stephane PUYDARRIEUX, AREVA); 10 - Radioactive effluents from nuclear facilities ongoing deconstruction: from dimensioning to real effluents (Benoit CLAVEL, EDF); 11 - Radionuclides decontamination process for liquid effluents using micro-algae at the laboratory scale (Corinne RIVASSEAU, CEA); 12 - Radioactive effluents from nuclear medicine services: management, monitoring and impact measurement methods (Nathalie TCHILIAN, ASN); 13 - Evolution history of effluents management and environment monitoring at the Solvay La Rochelle site (Thierry DELLOYE, SOLVAY); 14 - Different international approaches in effluents management and monitoring: example of French and German gaseous effluents - regulation, analyses, accounting rules (Jean-Jacques DIANA, ASN); 15 - Environment

  12. Amphiphilic copolymers based on polyoxazoline and grape seed vegetable oil derivatives: self-assemblies and dynamic light scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Travelet, Christophe, E-mail: Christophe.Travelet@cermav.cnrs.fr [Universite Joseph Fourier (UJF), Institut de Chimie Moleculaire de Grenoble (ICMG-FR 2607 CNRS), PolyNat Carnot institute, Arcane LabEx, domaine universitaire de Grenoble, Centre de Recherches sur les Macromolecules Vegetales - CERMAV-UPR 5301 CNRS (France); Stemmelen, Mylene; Lapinte, Vincent [Universite de Montpellier II, Institut Charles Gerhardt Montpellier (UMR 5253 CNRS-UM2-UM1-ENSCM), equipe ingenierie et architectures macromoleculaires (France); Dubreuil, Frederic [Universite Joseph Fourier (UJF), Institut de Chimie Moleculaire de Grenoble (ICMG-FR 2607 CNRS), PolyNat Carnot institute, Arcane LabEx, domaine universitaire de Grenoble, Centre de Recherches sur les Macromolecules Vegetales - CERMAV-UPR 5301 CNRS (France); Robin, Jean-Jacques [Universite de Montpellier II, Institut Charles Gerhardt Montpellier (UMR 5253 CNRS-UM2-UM1-ENSCM), equipe ingenierie et architectures macromoleculaires (France); and others

    2013-06-15

    Amphiphilic copolymers based on polyoxazoline and grape seed vegetable oil derivatives: Self-assemblies and dynamic light scattering Christophe Travelet, Mylene Stemmelen, Vincent Lapinte, Frederic Dubreuil, Jean-Jacques Robin, Redouane Borsali.

  13. Policy challenges for cancer research: a call to arms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, R

    2007-01-01

    developing countries, the rising burden of cancer is driving research activity in cancer ever upwards. Opportunities for delivering even greater measures for preventing and controlling cancer abound, but the shackles of bureaucracy (stifling regulations and poor research policies) threaten this future more than ever-'Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains'. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's quote could equally be applied to spirit of research creativity in today's environment. So what are the main issues and what is to be done?

  14. Dual-channel functional electrical stimulation improvements in speed-based gait classifications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Springer S

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Shmuel Springer,1,2 Yocheved Laufer,1 Meni Becher,1,2 Jean-Jacques Vatine3,41Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, 2Clinical Department, Bioness Neuromodulation, Ra'anana, 3Outpatient and Research Division, Reuth Medical Center, Tel Aviv, 4Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, IsraelBackground: Functional electrical stimulation (FES is becoming an accepted treatment method for enhancing gait performance in patients who present with gait difficulties resulting from hemiparesis. The purpose of this study was to test whether individuals with hemiparesis who have varied gait speeds, which place them in different functional categories, benefit to the same extent from the application of FES.Methods: Thirty-six subjects with chronic hemiparesis demonstrating foot-drop and deficits in knee and/or hip control were fitted with a dual-channel FES system activating the dorsiflexors and hamstring muscles. Gait was assessed during a 2-minute walk test with and without stimulation. A second assessment was conducted after 6 weeks of daily use. Analysis was performed with the subjects stratified into three functional ambulation classes according to their initial gait categories.Results: The dual-channel FES improved the gait velocity of all three subgroups. No minimal gait velocity was required in order to gain benefits from FES. For example, subjects with limited household ambulation capabilities improved their gait speed by 63.3% (from 0.30 ± 0.09 m/sec to 0.49 ± 0.20 m/sec; P < 0.01, while subjects with functional community ambulation capabilities improved their gait speed by 25.5% (from 0.90 ± 0.11 m/sec to 1.13 ± 0.22 m/sec; P < 0.01.Conclusion: Dual-channel FES positively affects gait velocity in patients with chronic hemiparesis, regardless of their initial gait velocity. Furthermore, gait velocity gains may be large enough

  15. Chronobiology and chronotherapy in medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraft, M; Martin, R J

    1995-08-01

    There is a fascinating and exceedingly important area of medicine that most of us have not been exposed to at any level of our medical training. This relatively new area is termed chronobiology; that is, how time-related events shape our daily biologic responses and apply to any aspect of medicine with regard to altering pathophysiology and treatment response. For example, normally occurring circadian (daily cycles, approximately 24 hours) events, such as nadirs in epinephrine and cortisol levels that occur in the body around 10 PM to 4 AM and elevated histamine and other mediator levels that occur between midnight and 4 AM, play a major role in the worsening of asthma during the night. In fact, this nocturnal exacerbation occurs in the majority of asthmatic patients. Because all biologic functions, including those of cells, organs, and the entire body, have circadian, ultradian (less than 22 hours), or infradian (greater than 26 hours) rhythms, understanding the pathophysiology and treatment of disease needs to be viewed with these changes in mind. Biologic rhythms are ingrained, and although they can be changed over time by changing the wake-sleep cycle, these alterations occur over days. However, sleep itself can adversely affect the pathophysiology of disease. The non-light/dark influence of biologic rhythms was first described in 1729 by the French astronomer Jean-Jacques de Mairan. Previously, it was presumed that the small red flowers of the plant Kalanchoe bloss feldiuna opened in the day because of the sunlight and closed at night because of the darkness. When de Mairan placed the plant in total darkness, the opening and closing of the flowers still occurred on its intrinsic circadian basis. It is intriguing to think about how the time of day governs the pathophysiology of disease. On awakening in the morning, heart rate and blood pressure briskly increase, as do platelet aggregability and other clotting factors. This can be linked to the acrophase (peak

  16. History of mouth-to-mouth ventilation. Part 3: the 19th to mid-20th centuries and "rediscovery".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trubuhovich, Ronald V

    2007-06-01

    The start of the 19th century saw the enthusiasm of the previous one for mouth-to-mouth ventilation (MMV) dissipated. To inflate the lungs of the asphyxiated, the Royal Humane Society in the United Kingdom had recommended bellows since 1782. Principal determinants for change were aesthetic distaste for mouth-to-mouth contact and the perceived danger of using expired air, although MMV survived in the practice of some midwives. Following the 1826-9 investigations of Jean-Jacques Leroy d'Etiolles then François Magendie, all positive pressure ventilation methods were generally abandoned, after 1829 in France, and 1832 in the UK; but not chest compressions. During the next quarter century, rescuers lost understanding of the primary need for "artificial respiration", apart from researchers such as John Snow and John Erichsen, until Marshall Hall's "Ready Method" heralded the second half-century's various methods of negative pressure ventilation. Some of those methods continued in use until the 1940s. Sporadic anecdotal cases of MMV rescues were documented throughout. In the 20th century, inadequate mechanical inhalators were also tried from 1908, while obstetricians devised indirect methods of expired air ventilation (EAV). Anaesthetists in the 1940s, such as Ralph Waters, Robert Dripps, and the pair, Robert Macintosh and William Mushin, described the usefulness of MMV, and James Elam was "re-discovering" it. Following World War II, "Cold War" concerns stimulated research at the Edgewood Medical Laboratories in Maryland in the United States into the possibilities of MMV, and Elam et al confirmed and expanded on brief experiments at Oxford (United Kingdom) on the efficacy of mouth-to-tube EAV. Studies, 1957-9, by Archer Gordon, Elam and especially Peter Safar resulted in the resolution of previous airway problems, established the primacy of MMV, and incorporated it into an integrated system for basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Ready adoption of MMV in the US was

  17. A review and additional post-hoc analyses of the incidence and impact of constipation observed in darifenacin clinical trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tack J

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Jan Tack,1 Jean-Jacques Wyndaele,2 Greg Ligozio,3 Mathias Egermark41University of Leuven, Gastroenterology Section, Leuven, 2University of Antwerp, Department of Urology, Antwerp, Belgium; 3Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, NJ, USA; 4Roche Diagnostics Scandinavia AB, Bromma, Sweden and formerly of Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, SwitzerlandBackground: Constipation is a common side effect of antimuscarinic treatment for overactive bladder (OAB. This review evaluates the incidence and impact of constipation on the lives of patients with OAB being treated with darifenacin.Methods: Constipation data from published Phase III and Phase IIIb/IV darifenacin studies were reviewed and analyzed. Over 4000 patients with OAB (aged 18–89 years; ≥80% female enrolled in nine studies (three Phase III [data from these fixed-dose studies were pooled and provide the primary focus for this review], three Phase IIIb, and three Phase IV. The impact of constipation was assessed by discontinuations, use of concomitant laxatives, patient-reported perception of treatment, and a bowel habit questionnaire.Results: In the pooled Phase III trials, 14.8% (50/337 of patients on darifenacin 7.5 mg/day and 21.3% (71/334 on 15 mg/day experienced constipation compared with 12.6% (28/223 and 6.2% (24/388 with tolterodine and placebo, respectively. In addition, a few patients discontinued treatment due to constipation (0.6% [2/337], 1.2% [4/334], 1.8% [4/223], and 0.3% [1/388] in the darifenacin 7.5 mg/day or 15 mg/day, tolterodine, and placebo groups, respectively, or required concomitant laxatives (3.3% [11/337], 6.6% [22/334], 7.2% [16/223], and 1.5% [6/388] in the darifenacin 7.5 mg/day or 15 mg/day, tolterodine, and placebo groups, respectively. Patient-reported perception of treatment quality was observed to be similar between patients who experienced constipation and those who did not. During the long-term extension study, a bowel habit questionnaire showed only small

  18. «Always the photography astonishes me»: David Bowie, between myth and visual culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Olivares

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The recent death of David Bowie activated a memorial process which incites to retrace the cultural, social, aesthetic, of costume, fashion and art history of the last forty years. It’s impossible, therefore, not reflect on the mechanisms that led to the creation of he who in the collective imaginary is reductive to consider just a symbol of modern rock.Several books, prestigious magazines and important exhibitions devoted space to the infinite nuances of he who is defined not only icon but also idol, star, legend and myth. These terms have subtle interferences between them as Jean Jacques Wunenburger underlined and all refer to the concept of Mythology. Even if many authors stated the “disappearance of the myth” in the postmodern epoch (Jewett and Lawrence, the myth is one of those phenomena which involves the everyday life, also in the contemporary time.Certainly the ever closer relations between art, mass media and advertisement played a decisive role in restructuring the concept of myth, but didn’t essentially change its meaning. Actually, the mass reproducibility of images, instead of provoking the “fall of aura”, as stated by Walter Benjamin, seems to have increased the "sacred" magnetism of the images.The icon David Bowie is the result of a multifaceted and outstanding personality which involved and influenced every possible contemporary language - fashion, music, theatre, film, performance, video and more recently internet. As always the photographic gaze captured and crystallized over time the different visions making them eternal and “biting” in the meaning which Barthes clarified in his famous book.The intense collaboration with “the man who photographed the Seventies”, the English Mick Rock, produced images intended to write an important piece of the history of contemporary photography. Ziggy Stardust, the character masterfully interpreted and documented by Mick Rock, is the symbol of Bowie’s fascinating ability

  19. La función del estado de naturaleza en El origen de la desigualdad entre los hombres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prieto, Martín

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo pretendo exponer y analizar la figura teórica del estado de naturaleza tal como es presentada en El origen de la desigualdad entre los hombres de Jean Jacques Rousseau, para determinar qué intención tiene y qué papel juega en el desarrollo del argumento de esta obra, y en su relación con el propósito general que allí comienza y que realizará sobre todo en El contrato social. Argumentaré la inviabilidad de interpretaciones de corte histórico, antropológico y psicológico, debilitando la importancia del aspecto descriptivo sobre la naturaleza humana que aun está presente en el texto, y concluiré que el principal impulso de esta figura teórica, construida filosóficamente, es el de proponer las bases argumentativas para un modelo político, y su contenido ha de tomarse como la disposición de los elementos prescriptivos que darán forma a su ambición ética y política. Más concretamente, argumentaré en contra de la posición de John Scott, quien sostiene una interpretación de tipo psicologista del Segundo Discurso, pero a la vez sugiero que la naturaleza prescriptiva de este tratado no anula el valor especulativo del mismo. Para ello, utilizaré la teoría de Aristóteles de la poesía y las consideraciones de Ricoeur sobre la narración para realizar una defensa de la capacidad de la figura del estado de naturaleza de ofrecer una imagen de la naturaleza humana en relación a sus posibilidades políticas, basada en otra forma de entender la historia y la filosofía política del iusnaturalismo.

  20. Blood pressure normalization by fixed perindopril/indapamide combination in hypertensive patients with or without associate metabolic syndrome: results of the OPTIMAX 2 study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Jacques Mourad

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Jacques Mourad1, Dulce Lameira1, Pierre-Jean Guillausseau21APHP, Service de Médecine interne, Hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny, France; 2APHP, Service de Médecine B, Hôpital Lariboisière, et Université Paris, Paris, FranceAbstract: The aim of the observational pharmaco-epidemiological study Optimax II was to seek whether the pre-existence of a metabolic syndrome (MS defi ned by the NCEP-ATP III criteria impacts blood pressure (BP control in hypertensive patients receiving a fixed perindopril/indapamide combination therapy. The primary objective of the study was to compare in patients with and without MS the rate of BP control defined as a systolic BP ≤140 mmHg and a diastolic BP ≤90 mmHg. Patients were prospectively included and the follow-up lasted 6 months. The study population consisted of 24,069 hypertensive patients (56% men; mean age 62 ± 11 years; 18% diabetics; mean BP at inclusion 162 ± 13/93 ± 9 mmHg. MS was found in 30.4% of the patients (n = 7322: 35.2% women and 20.1% men. Three therapeutic subgroups were constituted: Group A, previously untreated, received the combination therapy as initial treatment; Group B, previously treated but with unsatisfactory results and/or treatment intolerance, had its previous treatment switched to perindopril/indapamide; and Group C, previously treated, with good treatment tolerance but uncontrolled BP, received the study treatment in adjunction to the previous one. The normalization rate was 70.3% in group A, 68.4% in Group B, and 64.1% in Group C (p < 0.0001. The pre-existence of MS did not show any significant influence on these rates since BP lowering was –22.7 ± 13.7 (SBP and –12.0 ± 10.0 mmHg (DBP in patients without MS and –22.6 ± 13.3 (SBP and −12.1 ± 9.7 (DBP in those with MS. The results of this study show a significant effect of perindopril/indapamide treatment on systolic BP lowering, whatever the treatment status: initiation, switch, or adjunctive therapy, and