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Sample records for floor rehabilitation program

  1. Pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation using biofeedback.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Diane K

    2014-01-01

    Pelvic floor muscle exercises have been recommended for urinary incontinence since first described by obstetrician gynecologist Dr. Arnold Kegel more than six decades ago. These exercises are performed to strengthen pelvic floor muscles, provide urethral support to prevent urine leakage, and suppress urgency. In clinical urology practice, expert clinicians also teach patients how to relax the muscle to improve bladder emptying and relieve pelvic pain caused by muscle spasm. When treating lower urinary tract symptoms, an exercise training program combined with biofeedback therapy has been recommended as first-line treatment. This article provides clinical application of pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation using biofeedback as a technique to enhance pelvic floor muscle training.

  2. Factors affecting the use of hardwood flooring in urban rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert L. Jr. Nevel; Robert L. Jr. Nevel

    1973-01-01

    The continued use of hardwood flooring in urban rehabilitation is being threatened. A study of the influences that determine the choice of flooring indicates that economic, physical, or technological factors dominate. Most factors affecting the use of hardwood flooring are related to cost, availability, and compatibility. Of these factors, time and cost of installation...

  3. [Functional rehabilitation of the pelvic floor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minschaert, M

    2003-09-01

    Pelvic floor revalidation is devoted to conserve perineal functions as statics, urinary continence and sexual harmony. The therapeutics includes preventive and curative actions, and is based upon muscular and neuromuscular properties of pelvic floor. The different steps are: information, local muscular work, behavioral education, biofeedback, functional electrostimulation, intraabdominal pressure control. The therapeutics is only continued if clinical improvement is demonstrated after 10 sessions.

  4. [Urinary stress incontinence: rehabilitation treatment of the pelvic floor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braccini, S; Toniazzi, P

    1995-11-01

    The authors inspected 112 patients with diagnostic urogynecologic and urodynamic criteria. They suffered from urinary stress incontinence. Forty patients effected rehabilitative therapy of the pelvic floor with visits twice weekly with a method which included: pelvic muscle exercises, biofeedback and functional electrostimulation. The patients were divided into two groups in accordance with the kind of urinary stress incontinence: in the first group there were patients with genuine urinary stress incontinence, in the second group patients with mixed urinary stress incontinence. The results at the end of treatment reported a proportion of success of 66% in the first group and of 54% in the second group.

  5. Can the outcome of pelvic-floor rehabilitation in patients with fecal incontinence be predicted?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.P. Terra; M. Deutekom (Marije); A.C. Dobben (Annette); C.G.M.I. Baeten; L.W.M. Janssen (Lucas); G.E. Boeckxstaens (Guy); A.F. Engel (Alexander); R.J.F. Felt-Bersma; J.F.W. Slors; M.F. Gerhards (Michael); A.B. Bijnen (Bart); E. Everhardt; W.R. Schouten (Ruud); B. Berghmans; P.M.M. Bossuyt (Patrick); J. Stoker (Jacob)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: Pelvic-floor rehabilitation does not provide the same degree of relief in all fecal incontinent patients. We aimed at studying prospectively the ability of tests to predict the outcome of pelvic-floor rehabilitation in patients with fecal incontinence. Materials and methods: Two

  6. Cleveland Clinic Rehabilitation Research Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    functional impairments of the arm and hand , effects are weak and invariable. Limited succcess of rehabilitation is speculated to be associated with...Award Number: W81XWH-11-1-0707 TITLE: Cleveland Clinic Rehabilitation Research Program PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Vernon Lin, MD PhD CONTRACTING...CONTRACT NUMBER Cleveland Clinic Rehabilitation Research Program 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-11-1-0707 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d

  7. 76 FR 7098 - Dealer Floor Plan Pilot Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... ADMINISTRATION 13 CFR Parts 120 and 121 Dealer Floor Plan Pilot Program AGENCY: U.S. Small Business... Dealer Floor Plan Pilot Program to make available 7(a) loan guaranties for lines of credit that provide floor plan financing. This new Dealer Floor Plan Pilot Program was created in the Small Business Jobs...

  8. ICU early physical rehabilitation programs: financial modeling of cost savings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lord, Robert K; Mayhew, Christopher R; Korupolu, Radha; Mantheiy, Earl C; Friedman, Michael A; Palmer, Jeffrey B; Needham, Dale M

    2013-03-01

    To evaluate the potential annual net cost savings of implementing an ICU early rehabilitation program. Using data from existing publications and actual experience with an early rehabilitation program in the Johns Hopkins Hospital Medical ICU, we developed a model of net financial savings/costs and presented results for ICUs with 200, 600, 900, and 2,000 annual admissions, accounting for both conservative- and best-case scenarios. Our example scenario provided a projected financial analysis of the Johns Hopkins Medical ICU early rehabilitation program, with 900 admissions per year, using actual reductions in length of stay achieved by this program. U.S.-based adult ICUs. Financial modeling of the introduction of an ICU early rehabilitation program. Net cost savings generated in our example scenario, with 900 annual admissions and actual length of stay reductions of 22% and 19% for the ICU and floor, respectively, were $817,836. Sensitivity analyses, which used conservative- and best-case scenarios for length of stay reductions and varied the per-day ICU and floor costs, across ICUs with 200-2,000 annual admissions, yielded financial projections ranging from -$87,611 (net cost) to $3,763,149 (net savings). Of the 24 scenarios included in these sensitivity analyses, 20 (83%) demonstrated net savings, with a relatively small net cost occurring in the remaining four scenarios, mostly when simultaneously combining the most conservative assumptions. A financial model, based on actual experience and published data, projects that investment in an ICU early rehabilitation program can generate net financial savings for U.S. hospitals. Even under the most conservative assumptions, the projected net cost of implementing such a program is modest relative to the substantial improvements in patient outcomes demonstrated by ICU early rehabilitation programs.

  9. Final priority; Rehabilitation Training: Rehabilitation Long-Term Training program--rehabilitation specialty areas. Final priority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-23

    The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces a priority under the Rehabilitation Training: Rehabilitation Long-Term Training program. The Assistant Secretary may use this priority for competitions in fiscal year (FY) 2014 and later years in order to fund any of the rehabilitation specialty areas listed in this notice. The specific rehabilitation specialty areas to be funded in a given year will be listed in a notice inviting applications. This priority is designed to ensure that the Department funds high-quality rehabilitation programs in the following nine rehabilitation specialty areas of national need: Rehabilitation Administration (84.129C); Rehabilitation Technology (84.129E); Vocational Evaluation and Work Adjustment (84.129F); Rehabilitation of Individuals Who Are Mentally Ill (84.129H); Rehabilitation Psychology (84.129J); Rehabilitation of Individuals Who are Blind or Have Vision Impairments (84.129P); Rehabilitation of Individuals Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing (84.129Q); Job Development and Job Placement Services (84.129R); and Comprehensive System of Personnel Development (84.129W). These programs must meet rigorous standards in order to provide rehabilitation professionals the training and qualifications necessary to meet the current challenges facing State vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies and related agencies and assist individuals with disabilities in achieving high-quality employment outcomes.

  10. Program organization in pulmonary rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garvey, Chris; Carlin, Brian; Raskin, Jonathan

    2014-06-01

    Variable aspects of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programs include staff composition, setting, structure, and duration. Longer PR programs generally translate into greater improvements in outcomes and (perhaps) prolonged maintenance of benefits. Barriers to PR include transportation issues, inconvenience for the patient, cost and insurance coverage problems, lack of perceived benefit, concurrent illness, and influence of the provider. PR settings include inpatient and outpatient environments. PR has been shown to improve health care utilization during or immediately following chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations. Challenges to providing PR may be partially addressed by technological developments.

  11. Comprehensive Outpatient Rehabilitation Program: Hospital-Based Stroke Outpatient Rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Danielle; Janzen, Shannon; McIntyre, Amanda; Vermeer, Julianne; Britt, Eileen; Teasell, Robert

    2016-05-01

    Few studies have considered the effectiveness of outpatient rehabilitation programs for stroke patients. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a hospital-based interdisciplinary outpatient stroke rehabilitation program with respect to physical functioning, mobility, and balance. The Comprehensive Outpatient Rehabilitation Program provides a hospital-based interdisciplinary approach to stroke rehabilitation in Southwestern Ontario. Outcome measures from physiotherapy and occupational therapy sessions were available at intake and discharge from the program. A series of paired sample t-tests were performed to assess patient changes between time points for each outcome measure. A total of 271 patients met the inclusion criteria for analysis (56.1% male; mean age = 62.9 ± 13.9 years). Significant improvements were found between admission and discharge for the Functional Independence Measure, grip strength, Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment, two-minute walk test, maximum walk test, Timed Up and Go, Berg Balance Scale, and one-legged stance (P rehabilitation program was effective at improving the physical functioning, mobility, and balance of individuals after a stroke. A hospital-based, stroke-specific rehabilitation program should be considered when patients continue to experience deficits after inpatient rehabilitation. Copyright © 2016 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Cardiac Rehabilitation Program at Rehabilitation Hospital of the Pacific

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spanuchart, Ittikorn; Mausolf, Chris; Gabriel, Susie; Tsubota, Shawn; Baker, Justina; Fukuyama, Osamu

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: For the past 20 years, multiple studies have demonstrated that cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention programs reduce cardiovascular risk and event rates significantly (up to 20%–25%) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), stable ischemic heart disease (IHD), and patients who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Consequently, the American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) designated cardiac rehabilitation as a Class I indication for these patients. Status: On the island of O‘ahu, comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation programs have not been available at any of the major hospitals for at least the past several years. Because of the desperate need for these services, Rehabilitation Hospital of the Pacific (REHAB) officially instituted a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program that is the only cardiac rehab program on the island of Oahu that contributes to the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation (AACVPR) data registry and has been going through the process of national certification effective as of December 1, 2012. It is well-known that the major problem of cardiac rehabilitation programs in this country is suboptimal participation, ie, only 25%–30% of eligible patients are actually referred to these programs. Our data suggests that underutilization of cardiac rehab programs is extremely severe here in Honolulu where probably less than 5% of eligible patients are actually referred to this program. We will discuss the importance of improving utilization at the patient level, physician level, third-party payer level, in the general medical community as well as in the general public to positively impact overall mortality and morbidity in the state of Hawai‘i.

  13. Specializations in Rehabilitation Counseling: One Program's Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernacchio, Charles; Burker, Eileen J.; Falvo, Donna; Porter, Patricia; Carone, Stacia

    2008-01-01

    The option for specialization is explored to address expanding roles for rehabilitation counselors. Several important considerations are identified for Rehabilitation Counselor Education (RCE) program faculty opting for a specialization. Development of specialty tracks in psychiatric and developmental disabilities are offered as viable options for…

  14. Characteristics of effective and efficient rehabilitation programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Mark V; Wood, Kenneth D; Fiedler, Roger

    2003-03-01

    To investigate the characteristics of rehabilitation hospitals and units correlated with gains in motor and cognitive function, after adjusting for case severity of the patients admitted and for length of stay (LOS). The Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation (UDSMR) database was first analyzed to develop a method of adjusting for patient case severity on admission. Rehabilitation programs were surveyed to assess characteristics commonly thought to be associated with efficiency and effectiveness. Data on these characteristics were linked to UDSMR data on patient characteristics and functional gain. Seventy-seven rehabilitation hospitals across the United States. A total of 37,692 inpatients from the participating rehabilitation hospitals. Comprehensive rehabilitation programs not altered by researcher. Program effectiveness was estimated by gains in motor and cognitive subscale scores of the FIM trade mark instrument between admission and discharge, adjusted for indicators of caseload severity at admission. Efficiency was estimated by adjusting gains for LOS as well. Primary factors affecting both motor and cognitive gains included admission function (treated curvilinearly), age, certain diagnostic distinctions, onset-admission interval, admission class, and LOS. Correlations between staffing intensity and numerous other program characteristics with functional gain were meager, each accounting for less than 2% of variance. LOS was predicted by a number of factors, notably by the percentage of managed care cases (r=-.20), but not by staffing intensity. Relationships between rehabilitation practices and functional gains by patients do not appear to be simple or overt. Continued research is needed to identify reliable connections between rehabilitative processes and patient outcomes in practice. Copyright 2003 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

  15. Pain rehabilitation – outcome of an 8-week rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norrefalk J.R.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of persistent pain has been estimated to be around 20-50% in a normal population. Musculoskeletal related pain is the most common form of persistent pain. In patients with persistent pain there are alterations in the peripheral as well as the central nervous system and patients develop a dysfunctional behaviour which, in many cases, leads to severe suffering for the patient. In the European countries an increasing problem has emerged consisting of more people on long-term sick-leave, increased number of early retirements and high social costs. After an 8-week structured multiprofessional rehabilitation programme at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden 63% of patients with long-standing non-malignant pain returned to work and half of the patients were still at work at a 6-year follow-up. Half of the patients reported pain reduction and almost half of the patients had reduced their consumption of analgesics. The rehabilitation program was estimated as economically beneficial on a society level. It is concluded that pain rehabilitation should have a multiprofessional approach. Pain rehabilitation programs are beneficial for the possibility for the patient to return to work pain and leads to pain reduction in the long run. Furthermore, they are beneficial from a socio-economical aspect.

  16. 38 CFR 21.284 - Reentrance into a rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... rehabilitation program. 21.284 Section 21.284 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS... 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Induction into A Rehabilitation Program § 21.284 Reentrance into a rehabilitation program. (a) Reentrance into rehabilitation to the point of employability following...

  17. Low-Dose Intravaginal Estriol and Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation in Post-Menopausal Stress Urinary Incontinence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellani, Daniele; Saldutto, Pietro; Galica, Vikiela; Pace, Gianna; Biferi, Daniela; Paradiso Galatioto, Giuseppe; Vicentini, Carlo

    2015-01-01

    Pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) and electrical stimulation (ES) are conservative models of therapy for treating female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The presence of estradiol receptors in the lower urinary tract advances the case for estradiol therapy in SUI. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of the combination of pelvic floor rehabilitation and intravaginal estriol (IE) on SUI treatment in postmenopausal women. Sixty-two women with SUI were randomized to PFMT, ES and biofeedback (Group 1) or the same treatment plus 1 mg IE (Group 2) for 6 months. Patients were evaluated with medical history, pelvic examination, urodynamics, 24-hour pad test. Urinary incontinence was evaluated using the International Consultation on Incontinence questionnaire on urinary incontinence short form and quality of life using the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-Short Form. Two patients were lost at follow-up and one discontinued the study. Mean urine leakage at the 24-hour pad test dropped from 42.3 ± 20.2 g/die to 31.5 ± 14.2 g/die in Group 1 and from 48.3 ± 19.8 g/die to 22.3 ± 10.1 g/die in Group 2. Symptoms scores and incontinence status were statistically significant better in Group 2 when compared to Group 1. IE added to PFMT, ES and BF is a safe and efficacious first-line therapy in postmenopausal women with SUI. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  18. 77 FR 40590 - Applications for New Awards: Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ... Applications for New Awards: Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program; Disability... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects--Burn Model... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research...

  19. 24 CFR 8.30 - Rental rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility § 8.30 Rental rehabilitation program. Each grantee or state recipient in the rental rehabilitation program shall, subject to the priority in 24 CFR... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rental rehabilitation program....

  20. Awareness and timing of pelvic floor muscle contraction, pelvic exercises and rehabilitation of pelvic floor in lifelong premature ejaculation: 5 years experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe La Pera

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To assess the cure rate of patients with premature ejaculation who underwent a treatment involving: 1 awareness of the pelvic floor muscles 2 learning the timing of execution and maintenance of contraction of the pelvic floor muscles during the sensation of the pre-orgasmic phase 3 pelvic floor rehabilitation (bio feed back, pelvic exercises and electrostimulation. Materials and methods: We recruited 78 patients with lifelong premature ejaculation who completed the training. The patients were informed of the role of the pelvic floor. They were taught to carry out the execution and maintenance of contraction of the pelvic floor muscles during the sensation of the pre-orgasmic phase to control the ejaculatory reflex. In order to improve the awareness, the tone and the endurance of the pelvic floor muscles, patients were treated with the rehabilitation of pelvic floor (RPF consisting mainly in biofeedback, pelvic exercises and in some cases also in electro-stimulation (ES. The training was carried out for a period of about 2-6 months with an average of 2-5 visits per cycle. Results: 54% of patients who completed the training were cured of premature ejaculation and learned over time to be able to postpone the ejaculation reflex. In a subgroup of 26 patients was also measured the IELT which on the average increased from < 2 minutes to >10 minutes. The best results occurred mainly in patients aged less than 35 where the cure rate was 65%. There were no side effects. Conclusions: In this study, approximately half of patients with premature ejaculation were cured after applying the above treatment.This therapy, necessitates a fairly long period of time (2-6 months and a great commitment on the part of the patient, nevertheless it can be a valid and effective treatment for patients with premature ejaculation. This treatment makes the patient independent in that he is not bound to specific times for taking medication. Furthermore there are no

  1. Cultural competence education in university rehabilitation programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matteliano, Mary A; Stone, John H

    2014-01-01

    The Center of International Rehabilitation Research, Information, and Exchange (CIRRIE) has prepared curriculum guides for rehabilitation professionals in occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech language pathology, and rehabilitation counseling. The objective is to provide a resource to faculty who wish to include or strengthen cultural competency education in their program and courses. CIRRIE assessed students'cultural needs, and solicited assistance from experts in the field to assist with the development of the guides. After the guides were published CIRRIE conducted surveys to assess their usefulness. Survey responses were highest among occupational therapy faculty. Among faculty who responded, most intended to use the cultural competence activities, case studies, and resources that the guides offer throughout their curriculum.

  2. Perceptions of cardiac rehabilitation patients, specialists and rehabilitation programs regarding cardiac rehabilitation wait times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grace Sherry L

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2006, the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS Access to Care Working Group recommended a 30-day wait time benchmark for cardiac rehabilitation (CR. The objectives of the current study were to: (1 describe cardiac patient perceptions of actual and ideal CR wait times, (2 describe and compare cardiac specialist and CR program perceptions of wait times, as well as whether the recommendations are appropriate and feasible, and (3 investigate actual wait times and factors that CR programs perceive to affect these wait times. Methods Postal and online surveys to assess perceptions of CR wait times were administered to CR enrollees at intake into 1 of 8 programs, all CCS member cardiac specialists treating patients indicated for CR, and all CR programs listed in Canadian directories. Actual wait times were ascertained from the Canadian Cardiac Rehabilitation Registry. The design was cross-sectional. Responses were described and compared. Results Responses were received from 163 CR enrollees, 71 cardiac specialists (9.3% response rate, and 92 CR programs (61.7% response rate. Patients reported that their wait time from hospital discharge to CR initiation was 65.6 ± 88.4 days (median, 42 days, while their ideal median wait time was 28 days. Most patients (91.5% considered their wait to be acceptable, but ideal wait times varied significantly by the type of cardiac indication for CR. There were significant differences between specialist and program perceptions of the appropriate number of days to wait by most indications, with CR programs perceiving shorter waits as appropriate (p  Conclusions Wait times following access to cardiac rehabilitation are prolonged compared with consensus recommendations, and yet are generally acceptable to most patients. Wait times following percutaneous coronary intervention in particular may need to be shortened. Future research is required to provide an evidence base for wait time

  3. [Pelvic floor rehabilitation as treatment of female urinary incontinence. Our experience].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebastio, N; Ferri, E; Meli, S; Simonazzi, M; Incarbone, G P; Cortellini, P

    2000-01-01

    We refer herein on a simple program of rehabilitation that may be a first approach the treatment of, U.S.I. In our urodynamic service, we treated 38 female patients, affected by this condition, aged between 37-73 years. The same procedure was applied to all the patients, consisting of 10 seances twice weekly, during which we subjected the patients to biofeedback and vaginal electrostimulation of 50 Hz frequency. The results after 3 months were: 38% restored to normal, 51% improved, 11% unchanged; after 1 year were: 27% restored to normal, 49% improved, the remaining unchanged. As a whole, perineal rehabilitation by this technique can be curative in selected cases and, should it be necessary, can be repeated; its advantages are simplicity, low cost and lack of collateral effects. Motivation and compliance on the part of the patients are, anyhow, the chief factor of success. Moreover, the procedure does not preclude alternative treatments. It is suitable to chose cases where surgery is not so, or else is ill-accepted or has failed.

  4. 78 FR 40458 - American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Notice of Tribal Consultation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ... American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Notice of Tribal Consultation and Request for Comments AGENCY: Rehabilitation Services Administration, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative... Rehabilitation Services (AIVRS) program. Assistance to Individuals with Disabilities in Reviewing the Record:...

  5. Early postpartum pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation recent impact on maternal pelvic floor function%产后早期盆底肌康复治疗对产妇盆底功能的近期影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋玉彬

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨产后早期盆底肌康复治疗对产妇盆底功能的近期影响.方法:将我院收治的160例产妇随机分为观察组与对照组,观察组进行常规治疗,对照组进行盆底肌康复治疗.结果:观察组产妇的 I类及 II类肌纤维点活力值与对照组比较差异具有统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:产后早期盆底肌康复治疗对产妇盆底功能康复具有较好的作用.%Objective:Discussion on early postpartum pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation recent ef ect on maternal pelvic floor function.Methods:160 cases were treated in our hospital were randomly divided into observation group and control group,the observation group was given conventional treatment,the control group of pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation.Result:Statistical y significant class I and class II muscle fiber point to observe the activity of groups of maternal values compared with the control group (P>0.05).Conclusion:Has a better ef ect on early postpartum pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation treatG ment and rehabilitation on maternal pelvic floor function.

  6. A Post-Hospital Nursing Home Rehabilitation Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petchers, Marcia K.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Describes program of short-term rehabilitation care provided to elderly patients through collaboration between hospital and nursing home. Discusses program planning and implementation experiences, patient satisfaction, and rehabilitation outcomes. Notes that program, although successful, was discontinued due to financial and interorganizational…

  7. [Pelvic floor muscle training and pelvic floor disorders in women].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thubert, T; Bakker, E; Fritel, X

    2015-05-01

    Our goal is to provide an update on the results of pelvic floor rehabilitation in the treatment of urinary incontinence and genital prolapse symptoms. Pelvic floor muscle training allows a reduction of urinary incontinence symptoms. Pelvic floor muscle contractions supervised by a healthcare professional allow cure in half cases of stress urinary incontinence. Viewing this contraction through biofeedback improves outcomes, but this effect could also be due by a more intensive and prolonged program with the physiotherapist. The place of electrostimulation remains unclear. The results obtained with vaginal cones are similar to pelvic floor muscle training with or without biofeedback or electrostimulation. It is not known whether pelvic floor muscle training has an effect after one year. In case of stress urinary incontinence, supervised pelvic floor muscle training avoids surgery in half of the cases at 1-year follow-up. Pelvic floor muscle training is the first-line treatment of post-partum urinary incontinence. Its preventive effect is uncertain. Pelvic floor muscle training may reduce the symptoms associated with genital prolapse. In conclusion, pelvic floor rehabilitation supervised by a physiotherapist is an effective short-term treatment to reduce the symptoms of urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse.

  8. 34 CFR 385.1 - What is the Rehabilitation Training program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Rehabilitation Unit In-Service Training (34 CFR part 388). (4) Rehabilitation Continuing Education Programs (34... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Rehabilitation Training program? 385.1... § 385.1 What is the Rehabilitation Training program? (a) The Rehabilitation Training program is...

  9. [Adherence to interdisciplinary Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boim, Clarisa; Caberlotto, Oscar; Storni, Miguel; Cortiñaz, Marta; Monti, Fernanda; Khoury, Marina

    2014-01-01

    Participation in a Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program (PRP) improves dyspnea, functional capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic respiratory disease. A retrospective study was carried out to identify variables related to compliance in an out patient PRP at an Argentine center and to evaluate the results in compliant patients. The PRP included an "acquisition" stage consisting of 16 weeks of supervised training twice weekly and lectures on treatment benefits, inhalation devices used, smoking cessation, symptoms recognition and flair up management, among others. Patients were reassessed after this stage. Patients completing the acquisition stage were considered PRP compliant. Of 388 patients evaluated for admission 102 (26.3%) complied with PRP. Multiple logistic regression analysis (Forward Stepwise; p PRP showed significant improvement in the six-minute walking test and quality of life. The results warn about low compliance and their relationship with socioeconomic variables.

  10. Progress in sensorimotor rehabilitative physical therapy programs for stroke patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jia-Ching; Shaw, Fu-Zen

    2014-01-01

    Impaired motor and functional activity following stroke often has negative impacts on the patient, the family and society. The available rehabilitation programs for stroke patients are reviewed. Conventional rehabilitation strategies (Bobath, Brunnstrom, proprioception neuromuscular facilitation, motor relearning and function-based principles) are the mainstream tactics in clinical practices. Numerous advanced strategies for sensory-motor functional enhancement, including electrical stimulation, electromyographic biofeedback, constraint-induced movement therapy, robotics-aided systems, virtual reality, intermittent compression, partial body weight supported treadmill training and thermal stimulation, are being developed and incorporated into conventional rehabilitation programs. The concept of combining valuable rehabilitative procedures into “a training package”, based on the patient’s functional status during different recovery phases after stroke is proposed. Integrated sensorimotor rehabilitation programs with appropriate temporal arrangements might provide great functional benefits for stroke patients. PMID:25133141

  11. Progress in sensorimotor rehabilitative physical therapy programs for stroke patients

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Jia-Ching; Shaw, Fu-Zen

    2014-01-01

    Impaired motor and functional activity following stroke often has negative impacts on the patient, the family and society. The available rehabilitation programs for stroke patients are reviewed. Conventional rehabilitation strategies (Bobath, Brunnstrom, proprioception neuromuscular facilitation, motor relearning and function-based principles) are the mainstream tactics in clinical practices. Numerous advanced strategies for sensory-motor functional enhancement, including electrical stimulati...

  12. 78 FR 34962 - American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Proposed Waivers and Extensions of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... CFR Part 75 and Chapter III American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Proposed Waivers and Extensions of the Project Periods AGENCY: Rehabilitation Services Administration, Office of... two sets of grantees under the American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services (AIVRS) Program...

  13. 76 FR 38134 - Final Priorities; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-Disability...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... Final Priorities; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability...; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability Rehabilitation Research Projects (DRRP)--Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) National Network Regional Centers (formerly the...

  14. 产后早期盆底康复训练对产妇盆底功能恢复的作用%Effect of Early Postpartum Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation Training on the Recovery of Parturient Pelvic Floor Function

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷圣凤

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of early postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation training on parturient pelvic floor function. Methods:78 parturient were randomly divided into observation group and control group equally, which respectively adopted routine postpartum nursing and early pelvic floor rehabilitation training, the clinical recovery between the two groups were compared. Results:The total efficiency of pelvic floor function and nursing satisfaction of observation group were both significantly higher than those of control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:Early postpartum pel-vic floor rehabilitation training can effectively recover the pelvic floor function, patient with high satisfaction, which is a scientific and effective, safe and ideal postpartum nursing method.%目的:探讨产后实施早期盆底康复训练对产妇盆底功能的影响。方法:78例产妇随机平分对照组及观察组,分别采取常规产后护理及早期盆底康复训练,比较两组产妇的临床恢复情况。结果:观察组盆底功能总有效率及护理满意度均明显高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:产妇产后实施早期盆底康复训练能有效恢复其盆底功能,患者满意度高,是一种科学有效、安全理想的产后护理方法。

  15. Recent effect on maternal pelvic floor function by early postpartum pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation%产后早期盆底肌康复治疗对产妇近期盆底功能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈翠兰

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨产后早期盆底肌康复治疗对产妇近期盆底功能的影响。方法收集2014年1~8月在恩施州中心医院产科分娩的284例产妇资料,将产后实施早期盆底肌康复治疗的142例产妇纳入观察组,产后实施常规指导的142例产妇纳入对照组。比较两组产妇盆底功能改变情况。结果无论是阴道分娩还是剖宫产,观察组盆底肌纤维(Ⅰ类、ⅡA类和ⅡB类)持续收缩压、持续收缩时间、平均肌力、肌电压均显著高于对照组,且盆底肌力分布情况明显好于对照组(P<0.05)。结论产后早期盆底肌康复治疗可显著提高盆底肌肉的收缩能力,改善产妇盆底功能。%Objective To investigate recent effect on maternal pelvic floor function by early postpartum pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation. Methods Clinical data of 284 puerperas who delivery in Enshi Central Hospital during Jan to Aug 2014 were selected. 142 puerperas accepted early postpartum pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation were selected as observation group. 142 puerperas accepted postpartum routine guidance were selected control group. Changes of pelvic floor function were compared between two groups. Results Whether vaginal delivery or cesarean section, the sustained systolic pressure, duration of contraction, average strength, muscle voltage of pelvic floor muscle fibers (type I, type II A, type II B) in observation group were higher than that in control group. Pelvic floor muscle strength distribution in observation group was significantly better than that in control group ( P<0. 05 ) . Conclusion Early postpartum pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation can significantly improve pelvic floor muscle contraction ability, which can also improve maternal pelvic floor function.

  16. Effectiveness of adding voluntary pelvic floor muscle contraction to a Pilates exercise program: an assessor-masked randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torelli, Luiza; de Jarmy Di Bella, Zsuzsanna Ilona Katalin; Rodrigues, Claudinei Alves; Stüpp, Liliana; Girão, Manoel João Batista Castello; Sartori, Marair Gracio Ferreira

    2016-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of adding voluntary pelvic floor muscle contraction (PFMC) to a Pilates exercise program in sedentary nulliparous women. Fifty-seven healthy nulliparous and physically inactive women were randomized to a Pilates exercise program (PEP) with or without PFMC. Forty-eight women concluded this study (24 participants for each group). Each woman was evaluated before and after the PEP, by a physiotherapist and an urogynecologist (UG). Neither of the professionals was revealed to them. This physiotherapist measured their pelvic floor muscle strength by using both a perineometer (Peritron) and vaginal palpation (Oxford Scale). The UG, who performed 3D perineal ultrasound examinations, collected their data and evaluated the results for pubovisceral muscle thickness and the levator hiatus area (LA). Both professionals were blinded to the group allocation. The protocol for both groups consisted of 24 bi-weekly 1-h individual sessions of Pilates exercises, developed by another physiotherapist who specializes in PFM rehabilitation and the Pilates technique. The PEP+ PFMC group showed significantly greater strength improvements than the PEP group when comparing the Oxford scale, vaginal pressure and pubovisceral muscle thickness during contraction measurements at baseline and post-treatment. Our findings suggest that adding a voluntary PFMC to a Pilates exercise program is more effective than Pilates alone in improving PFM strength in sedentary nulliparous women.

  17. INCORPORATING KETTLEBELLS INTO A LOWER EXTREMITY SPORTS REHABILITATION PROGRAM

    OpenAIRE

    Brumitt, Jason; En Gilpin, Hui; Brunette, Meredith; Meira, Erik P.

    2010-01-01

    The primary goal of a sports rehabilitation program is to return the injured athlete back to competition as quickly and as safely as possible. Sports physical therapists utilize a variety of exercise equipment to help an athlete restore function after an injury. An injured athlete's therapeutic exercise program frequently includes the prescription of functional strengthening and power exercises during the later stages of rehabilitation. One piece of exercise equipment, the kettlebell, has gai...

  18. Fort Richardson moose range rehabilitation program

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Areas to be rehabilitated have been selected for traditional winter moose range along the Glen Highway on Fort Richardson. We use a field reconnaissance to...

  19. The Rehabilitation Medicine Scientist Training Program: impact and lessons learned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whyte, John; Boninger, Michael; Helkowski, Wendy; Braddom-Ritzler, Carolyn

    2009-03-01

    Physician scientists are seen as important in healthcare research. However, the number of physician scientists and their success in obtaining National Institutes of Health funding have been declining for many years. The shortage of physician scientists in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation is particularly severe and can be attributed to many of the same factors that affect physician scientists in general, as well as to the lack of well-developed models for research training. In 1995, the Rehabilitation Medicine Scientist Training Program was funded by a K12 grant from the National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, as one strategy for increasing the number of research-productive physiatrists. The Rehabilitation Medicine Scientist Training Program's structure was revised in 2001 to improve the level of preparation of incoming trainees and to provide a stronger central mentorship support network. We describe the original and revised structure of the Rehabilitation Medicine Scientist Training Program and review subjective and objective data on the productivity of the trainees who have completed the program. These data suggest that Rehabilitation Medicine Scientist Training Program trainees are, in general, successful in obtaining and maintaining academic faculty positions and that the productivity of the cohort trained after the revision, in particular, shows impressive growth after about 3 yrs of training.

  20. THE PREVENTION PROGRAMS OF PHYSICAL REHABILITATION FOR CHERNOBYL DISASTER SURVIVORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korobeynikov G.V.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study: approbation of the prevention program of physical rehabilitation for Chernobyl disaster survivors in lifestyle aspects. Sixty persons who were disaster survivors and workers of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant aged 32-60 have rehabilitation during 21 days. The complex of training prevention programs of physical and psycho-emotional rehabilitation methods was elaborated. The study of efficacy of training prevention programs among Chernobyl disaster survivors. The results showed the improvement of psycho-emotional status and normalization of cardiovascular vegetative regulation after training prevention programs in Chernobyl disasters survivors. The studies show that the preventive programs for Chernobyl disaster survivors in lifestyle aspects had the high effect. This displays the decrease of tempo of aging and the improving of physical and psychological health status of Chernobyl disaster survivors during preventive course.

  1. 34 CFR 389.1 - What is the Rehabilitation Continuing Education Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Rehabilitation Continuing Education Program...) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION REHABILITATION CONTINUING EDUCATION PROGRAMS General § 389.1 What is the Rehabilitation Continuing Education Program?...

  2. 77 FR 40596 - Applications for New Awards: Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers program published in the Federal Register on April 28, 2006 (71 FR... Applications for New Awards: Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program; Disability... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects...

  3. 38 CFR 21.282 - Effective date of induction into a rehabilitation program; retroactive induction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... induction into a rehabilitation program; retroactive induction. 21.282 Section 21.282 Pensions, Bonuses, and... Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Induction into A Rehabilitation Program § 21.282 Effective date of induction into a rehabilitation program; retroactive induction. (a)...

  4. Final priority; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program. Final priority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-25

    The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces a priority under the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program administered by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). Specifically, we announce a priority for a Disability and Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP) on Improving Methods of Evaluating Return on Investment (ROI) for the State Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program (VR Program). The Assistant Secretary may use this priority for competitions in fiscal year (FY) 2014 and later years. We take this action to focus research attention on an area of national need. We intend for the priority to contribute to improved employment outcomes for individuals with disabilities.

  5. 77 FR 40601 - Final Priority: Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program; Disability...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ... Final Priority: Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program; Disability Rehabilitation Research Project; Employment of Individuals With Disabilities AGENCY: Office of Special Education...: 84.133A-1. Final Priority; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR...

  6. Original article Rehabilitation model program for seriously ill patients

    OpenAIRE

    Adrienne Kegye; Éva Pádi; Katalin Hegedűs

    2014-01-01

    Background Patients receiving cancer treatment start lifestyle changes mostly at the end of the treatment during the rehabilitation period. Most often, the first step is a dietary change and physical exercises built into the daily routine. Patients who do this in groups led by qualified therapists and based on professional counseling can build more effective and more permanent changes into their life. To develop a complex rehabilitation program which, in the short term, aims to famil...

  7. 75 FR 75693 - Rehabilitation Mortgage Insurance Underwriting Program Section 203(k); Notice of Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-06

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Rehabilitation Mortgage Insurance Underwriting Program Section 203(k); Notice of... information: Title of Proposal: Rehabilitation Mortgage Insurance Underwriting Program Section 203(k). OMB... Program Development, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street, SW., Washington,...

  8. Physical rehabilitation following polytrauma. The Canadian Forces Physical Rehabilitation Program 2008-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besemann, Markus

    2011-12-01

    As a consequence of Canada's involvement in the war in Afghanistan, many members of the Canadian Forces have experienced debilitating injuries. Despite the Canadian Forces Health Services (CFHS) having outstanding relationships with many civilian care providers for the rehabilitation of injured soldiers, it became apparent early on that the high-level goals and aspirations of these returning soldiers were sometimes beyond the capability of these centres to facilitate. From this reality grew the need to develop a Physical Rehabilitation Program within the CFHS. This article describes the lessons learned since the creation of the program and outlines the future vision in terms of unique challenges and opportunities. The primary purpose of this article is to describe a hybrid model of civilian-military rehabilitation for injured soldiers and discuss the benefits and challenges of such a model of care.

  9. Effect of a rehabilitation program using virtual reality for balance and functionality of chronic stroke patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagner Henrique Souza Silva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis study aimed to investigate the effect of a rehabilitation program using virtual reality (VR in addition to conventional therapy for improvement of balance (BERG scale and functional independence (FIM scale in chronic stroke patients. Ten individuals, mean age of 51.4 (± 6.7 years, participated of eight 60-minute sessions comprising kinesiotherapy (15min, Nintendo Wii (30min and Learning transfer (15min exercises. After training, nonparametric statistical analysis showed significant improvement in total FIM (p= .01 and BERG scores (p= .00, and in some of their subitems: FIM - dressing lower body (p= .01, transfer to bathtub/shower (p= .02 and locomotion: stairs (p= .03; BERG - reaching forward with outstretched arm (p= .01, retrieving object from the floor (p= .04, turning 360º (p= .01, placing alternate foot on step (p≤ .01, standing with one foot in front (p= .01, and one leg stand (p= .03. These findings suggest a positive influence of virtual reality exercises adjunct to conventional therapy on rehabilitation of balance and functionality post stroke, and indicate the feasibility of the proposed VR-based rehabilitation program.

  10. Rehabilitation Counseling in the State or Federal Program: Is There a Future?

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Michael; Graham, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Rehabilitation counseling has played a significant role in the public rehabilitation program since its inception. Rehabilitation educators have also been critical in this partnership. This article reviews current trends in the relationships between public rehabilitation agencies, university programs, accreditation bodies, and others to discuss…

  11. 77 FR 66959 - Request for Information on the Future Direction of the Rehabilitation Training Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-08

    ... rehabilitation (VR) consumers and ensures that VR counselors are equipped with new and emerging skills. The goal...) Consumers. I. Rehabilitation Long-Term Training Program The Rehabilitation Long-Term Training Program... Individuals 10 1 0 10 3 with Mental Illnesses (H129H).. Rehabilitation Psychology 2 1 0 1 1 (H129J...

  12. 24 CFR 511.50 - State election to administer a rental rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... rental rehabilitation program. 511.50 Section 511.50 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating... GRANT PROGRAM State Program § 511.50 State election to administer a rental rehabilitation program. (a) State allocations may be used to carry out eligible rehabilitation activities in accordance with...

  13. 42 CFR 410.49 - Cardiac rehabilitation program and intensive cardiac rehabilitation program: Conditions of coverage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... section. Intensive cardiac rehabilitation site means a hospital outpatient setting or physician's office... combined with other types of exercise (that is, strengthening, stretching) as determined to be appropriate... cardiac rehabilitation in one of the following settings: (A) A physician's office. (B) A...

  14. Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... doing things you did before. This process is rehabilitation. Rehabilitation often focuses on Physical therapy to help your ... who has had a stroke may simply want rehabilitation to be able to dress or bathe without ...

  15. Rehabilitation Education Program for Stroke (REPS): Learning and Practice Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEwen, Sara; Szurek, Kristina; Polatajko, Helene J.; Rappolt, Susan

    2005-01-01

    Introduction: New research knowledge acquired from Web-based sources may have a better chance of being translated into practice when accompanied by additional educational strategies. This study was undertaken to investigate that hypothesis. Methods: The Rehabilitation Education Program for Stroke (REPS) combines a self-directed online learning…

  16. 75 FR 32857 - State Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 34 CFR Part 361 State Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program CFR Correction In Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 300 to 399, revised as of July 1, 2009, on page 267, in Sec. 361.42,...

  17. Student Decision-Making in Selecting Rehabilitation Counseling Programs and Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arokiasamy, Charles; Rajani, Gita; Tracz, Susan; Orteiza, Roslyn

    2007-01-01

    The current and ever-growing shortage of qualified rehabilitation counselors in the country has made recruitment a high priority among rehabilitation counseling programs. This study identified factors that influenced students' decisions to choose or not choose the rehabilitation counseling profession or a particular rehabilitation counseling…

  18. 38 CFR 21.310 - Rate of pursuit of a rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... rehabilitation program. 21.310 Section 21.310 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS... 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Rate of Pursuit § 21.310 Rate of pursuit of a rehabilitation program. (a... and part-time rate of pursuit of a rehabilitation program by a veteran whose ability to pursue...

  19. 75 FR 3165 - Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program-Periods of Eligibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ... AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 21 RIN 2900-AM84 Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program--Periods of... ] Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment benefits and services. The amendments clarify program requirements... veteran's participation in a vocational rehabilitation program is reasonably feasible and when a...

  20. 77 FR 1872 - Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program-Changes to Subsistence Allowance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 21 RIN 2900-AO10 Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program--Changes to... title 38, United States Code, may participate in a rehabilitation program under chapter 31 and elect to... allowance and chapter 33 educational assistance to participate in a chapter 31 rehabilitation program...

  1. 75 FR 3168 - Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program-Self-Employment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ... AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 21 RIN 2900-AN31 Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program--Self-Employment... A, in this final rule are ] also applicable to the vocational rehabilitation program under 38 U.S.C... program of vocational rehabilitation benefits and services may include self- employment for an...

  2. 78 FR 28949 - Fund Availability Under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program (Rehabilitation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-16

    ... AFFAIRS Fund Availability Under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program (Rehabilitation) AGENCY... announces the availability of rehabilitation funds under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program... local or state codes. Each rehabilitation funded program will submit quarterly reports to the Grant...

  3. Final priority; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Advanced Rehabilitation Research Training Program. Final priority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces a priority for the Advanced Rehabilitation Research Training (ARRT) program under the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program administered by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). The Assistant Secretary may use this priority for competitions in fiscal year (FY) 2013 and later years. We take this action to ensure that NIDRR's resources are appropriately allocated across the three outcome domains--community living and participation, employment, and health and function. We intend this priority to (1) strengthen the capacity of the disability and rehabilitation field to train qualified individuals, including individuals with disabilities, to conduct high-quality, advanced multidisciplinary rehabilitation research; and (2) improve outcomes for individuals with disabilities across the domains of community living and participation, employment, and health and function.

  4. Effect of a Caregiver's Education Program on Stroke Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Objective To evaluate effects of caregiver's education program on their satisfaction, as well as patient functional recovery, performed in addition to daily conventional rehabilitation treatment. Methods Three hundred eleven subjects diagnosed with first-onset stroke and transferred to the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Inha University Hospital were surveyed. In 2015, caregivers attended an education program for acute and subacute stroke patients. Patients who received an additional rehabilitation therapy were assigned to the experimental group (n=81), whereas the control group (n=100) consisted of transfer cases in 2014 with only conventional treatment. The experimental group was classified by severity using the Korean version of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (K-NIHSS), which was administered to all 181 subjects, in addition to, the Korean version of the Mini Mental Status Examination (K-MMSE), a Modified Barthel Index (K-MBI), and the Berg Balance Scale (K-BBS). Caregiver satisfaction and burden before and after education programs were assessed using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), as well as family burden and caregiver burnout scales. Results No significant intergroup difference was observed between initial K-NIHSS, K-MMSE, K-BBS, K-MBI scores, and times from admission to transfer. Those with moderate or severe strokes under the experimental condition showed a more significant improvement than the control group as determined by the K-NIHSS and K-BBS, as well as tendential K-MMSE and K-MBI score increases. Satisfaction was significantly greater for family members and formal caregivers of patients with strokes of moderate severity in the experimental group. Conclusion The caregiver's education program for stroke subjects had a positive outcome on patients' functional improvement and caregiver satisfaction. The authors believe that the additional rehabilitation therapy with the education program aids

  5. Interval Throwing and Hitting Programs in Baseball: Biomechanics and Rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Edward S; Bishop, Meghan E; Baker, Dylan; West, Robin V

    2016-01-01

    Baseball injuries from throwing and hitting generally occur as a consequence of the repetitive and high-energy motions inherent to the sport. Biomechanical studies have contributed to understanding the pathomechanics leading to injury and to the development of rehabilitation programs. Interval-based throwing and hitting programs are designed to return an athlete to competition through a gradual progression of sport-specific exercises. Proper warm-up and strict adherence to the program allows the athlete to return as quickly and safely as possible.

  6. A perioperative rehabilitation program for anterior cruciate ligament surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, T; Shelbourne, K D

    2000-01-01

    Rehabilitation programs have progressed alongside surgical advances in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. A perioperative program has been successfully used at our clinic for more than 10 years to reduce postoperative complications and return patients to activity safely and quickly. The four-phase program starts at the time of injury and preoperatively includes aggressive swelling reduction, hyperextension exercises, gait training, and mental preparation. Goals after surgery are to control swelling while regaining full knee range of motion. After quadriceps strengthening goals are reached, patients can shift to sport-specific exercises.

  7. 应用盆底生物反馈治疗仪对盆底康复治疗的效果观察%Application of Pelvic Floor Biofeedback Treatment was Observed on the Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation Therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕红

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨盆底康复治疗对产后阴道壁膨出和盆底肌力提升的疗效。方法选择符合标准的产后病例41例,采用法国Phenix电刺激生物反馈治疗仪进行早期盆底肌肉锻炼治疗。结果阴道壁膨出治愈37例(90.24%),平均肌力提升I类肌力1.46级(t=3.71,<0.001),II类肌力1.38级(t=3.21,<0.005)。结论电刺激生物反馈治疗早期产后阴道壁轻度膨出效果明显,对盆底肌力提升大有帮助。%Objective To investigate the curative ef ect of postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation treatment for vaginal wal prolapse and pelvic floor muscle strength improvement. Methods 41 cases of postpartum patients with standard, by French Phenix electrical stimulation of pelvic floor muscle training in the treatment of early biological feedback therapy instrument. Results The vaginal wal prolapse cure in 37 cases (90.24%), the average improvement of muscle strength class I grade 1.46 (=3.71, <0.001), II grade 1.38 (=3.21, <0.005). Conclusion Electrical stimulation biofeedback treatment of early postpartum vaginal wal bulge slightly obvious ef ect, on the pelvic floor muscle can help.

  8. 护理干预在产后盆底肌肉康复中的作用%Effect of Nursing Intervention on Postpartum Pelvic Floor Muscle Rehabilitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓美莲; 杨翠莲; 林玉敏; 王芳

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察护理干预在产后盆底肌肉康复中的作用。方法选择2013年3—12月在该院产后6~8周有盆底功能障碍妇女318例行早期护理干预,疗程结束后再次行问卷调查及盆底肌肉功能评估。结果经过治疗和护理干预后,盆腔肌肉松弛改善有效率为80.00%,有压力性尿失禁改善有效率为73.02%,盆腔脏器脱垂改善有效率为52.78%,盆腔痛改善有效率为78.58%,产后性生活质量下降改善有效率为85.19%。结论产后盆底功能障碍患者早期采取积极的护理干预治疗,可有效恢复患者盆底功能,缓解产后盆腔疼痛,改善盆腔脏器脱垂,性生活质量提高。%Objective To observe the effect of nursing intervention on postpartum pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation.Methods Between March 2013 and December 2013 , a total of 318 cases of postpartum women with pelvic floor dysfunction 6~8 weeks after delivery were selected and treated with early nursing intervention in our hospital .Questionnaire survey was conducted again after the course of treatment and the pelvic floor muscle function was evaluated .Results After the treatment and nursing intervention , the effective rate of pelvic floor muscle relation was improved to 80 %,stress urinary incontinence to 73 .02%, pelvic organ prolapse to 52 .78%, pelvic pain to 78 .58%, decline in quality of postpartum sexual life to 85 .19%.Conclusion Active early nursing intervention on patients with postpartum pelvic floor dysfunction can rehabilitate the pelvic floor muscle function of the patients , alleviate postpartum pel-vic pain, prevent pelvic organ prolapse and improve the quality of sexual life .

  9. 34 CFR 369.44 - What wage and hour standards apply to community rehabilitation programs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... rehabilitation programs? 369.44 Section 369.44 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of... hour standards apply to community rehabilitation programs? All applicable Federal and State wage and hour standards must be observed in projects carried out in community rehabilitation...

  10. 产后盆底肌肉功能测评及康复护理%Nursing analysis of pelvic floor muscle function assessment and rehabilitation after delivery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪淑春

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the level of pelvic floor muscle function and its related factors in pregnancy and childbirth for the female patients. Methods A total of 169 outpatients medical records were collected who visited the Pelvic Floor Muscle Rehabilitation Clinic, Postpartum Rehabilitation Center in ourhospital from January 2014 to December 2014. Results There were 135 women ( 75. 0%) showing symptoms associated with pelvic floor dysfunction during the inquiry. 167 patients showed different degrees of pelvic floor muscle function damage under receiving the pelvic floor muscle function evaluation. Maternal times, newborn birth body mass and fetal position affected maternal pelvic floor muscle function damage degree. Whether to choose the pelvic floor muscles biofeedback therapy was impacted by three factors: the increasing of body mass during pregnancy, whether experienced stress urinary incontinence and the time when received postpartum pelvic floor muscle function assessment. Conclusions Many maternal experience postpartum pelvic floor muscle function damage which has not gained awareness. It should be reinforced that health education and guidance on strengthening the pelvic floor muscles to female patients in pregnancy.%目的 了解就诊女性的盆底肌肌肉功能水平及其在妊娠及分娩中受损的相关影响因素.方法 选择2014年1—12月在产后康复中心盆底肌康复门诊就诊的孕产妇,对其门诊病历资料进行整理,共计169人.结果 在临床症状问诊中发现,共计135名产妇在孕产期间表现出与盆底功能受损相关的症状,比例达75.0%.而在盆底肌肌肉功能检测评估中,167名显示盆底肌肉功能存在不同程度的损伤.孕产次数、新生儿出生体质量和胎位影响孕产妇的盆底肌肌肉功能损伤程度;而孕期体质量增长水平、孕产期是否存在压力性尿失禁现象以及产后的盆底肌肉功能评估时间影响孕产妇是否选择进行

  11. Final priority; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers. Final priority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces a priority for a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) on Universal Interfaces and Information Technology Access under the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program administered by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). The Assistant Secretary may use this priority for a competition in fiscal year (FY) 2013 and later years. We take this action to focus research attention on areas of national need. We intend to use this priority to improve outcomes for individuals with disabilities.

  12. Final priority; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Research Training Centers. Final priority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces a priority for a Rehabilitation Research Training Center (RRTC) on Disability Statistics and Demographics under the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers program administered by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). The Assistant Secretary may use this priority for a competition in fiscal year (FY) 2013 and later years. We take this action to focus research attention on areas of national need. We intend to use this priority to improve outcomes for individuals with disabilities.

  13. Final priority; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Disability and Rehabilitation Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers. Final priority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-19

    The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces a priority for a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) on Technologies to Support Successful Aging with Disability under the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program administered by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). The Assistant Secretary may use this priority for a competition in fiscal year (FY) 2013 and later years. We take this action to focus research attention on areas of national need. We intend to use this priority to improve outcomes for individuals with disabilities.

  14. 75 FR 70013 - Medicare Program; Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System for Federal Fiscal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-16

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services RIN 0938-AP89 Medicare Program; Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System for Federal Fiscal Year 2011; Correction AGENCY: Centers for..., ``Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System for Federal Fiscal Year 2011.''...

  15. 77 FR 43560 - American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Proposed Waivers and Extensions of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-25

    ... CFR Chapter III American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Proposed Waivers and...) published on March 14, 2007 (72 FR 11851), provide vocational rehabilitation services to American Indians... projects initially funded in fiscal year (FY) 2007 under the American Indian Vocational...

  16. 75 FR 3163 - Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program-Basic Entitlement; Effective Date of Induction...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ...; Effective Date of Induction Into a Rehabilitation Program; Cooperation in Initial Evaluation AGENCY... provisions concerning: Individuals' basic entitlement to vocational rehabilitation benefits and services...' cooperation and lack of cooperation in the initial evaluation process. The amendments are intended to...

  17. Developing a Rehabilitation Model of Breast Cancer Patients Through Literature Review and Hospital Rehabilitation Programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bok-Yae Chung, PhD, RN, APN

    2008-03-01

    Conclusion: Rehabilitation of breast cancer patients deserves special attention to achieve optimal quality of life. Health care professionals need to be educated about rehabilitation as an effective intervention.

  18. Original article Rehabilitation model program for seriously ill patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrienne Kegye

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background Patients receiving cancer treatment start lifestyle changes mostly at the end of the treatment during the rehabilitation period. Most often, the first step is a dietary change and physical exercises built into the daily routine. Patients who do this in groups led by qualified therapists and based on professional counseling can build more effective and more permanent changes into their life. To develop a complex rehabilitation program which, in the short term, aims to familiarize patients with a lifestyle which harmonizes the physical, mental, spiritual and social spheres of life and, in the long term, to build it into their everyday life in order to ameliorate the physical and mental state and reduce the psychological symptoms and the isolation of patients. The physical component focuses on diet and exercise. The psycho-social-spiritual support focuses on discovering inner sources of strength, developing active coping mechanisms and helping to achieve more open communication. Participants and procedure In February and March 2011, 8 patients treated for malignant tumors participated in the model program. The components of the model program were psychotherapy, physiotherapy, cancer consultation, nutrition counseling, creative activities and walking. Results During the period of the model program the isolation of the patients decreased and their social support and ability of coping with the illness ameliorated. They reported an ease in anxiety and depression in their everyday activities. According to feedback, their communication with each other, with the staff and with their relatives became more open. Altogether this had advantageous effects on the functioning of the ward and the mood of the staff. Conclusions The rehabilitation program confirmed that beside individual psycho-social support, beneficial and economic psycho-social support can be provided for the patients in group form along with the most effective assignment of the

  19. 产后盆底肌锻炼对产妇盆底肌康复的效果%The effect of pelvic floor muscle exercise on the rehabilitation of maternal postpartum pelvic floor muscle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈萰

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨产后行盆底肌锻炼对产妇盆底肌康复的效果。方法选取2011年6月至2014年2月在武汉市第五医院自然分娩92例产妇资料,行常规产褥期康复训练和健康教育45例产妇纳入对照组,在对照组基础上行盆底肌生理功能锻炼运动47例产妇纳入观察组。对比两组产妇产后42 d、90 d时盆底肌张力变化、性生活满意度、有无尿失禁及盆腔器官脱垂等情况。结果观察组产妇产后42 d、90 d的盆底肌张力均明显优于对照组(P<0.05);观察组产妇盆腔器官脱垂、性生活满意度、尿失禁等指标均明显优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论盆底肌功能锻炼可明显改善产妇的性生活满意度,并降低尿失禁及盆腔器官脱垂等发生率。%Objective To study the effects of pelvic floor muscle exercise on the rehabilitation of maternal postpartum pelvic floor muscle. Methods Clinical data of 92 pregnant women with spontaneous labor in The Fifth Hospital of Wuhan City from Jun 2011 to Feb 2014 were selected, 45 cases treated with convention rehabilitation training and health education in puerperium were divided into control group, 47 cases treated with pelvic floor muscle exercise physiology function on based of the control group were divided into observation group. The pelvic floor muscle tone, sexual satisfaction, urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse of two groups 42 d, 3 months postpartum were compared. Results The pelvic floor muscle tone of the observation group postpartum 42 d, 3 months were significantly better than that of control group ( P<0. 05 ) . The pelvic organ prolapse, sexual satisfaction, urinary incontinence and other indicators of observation group were significantly better than that of control group ( P <0. 05 ) . Conclusion The pelvic floor muscle exercise can significantly improve maternal sexual satisfaction, and reduce the incidence of urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse.

  20. Optimal multi-floor plant layout based on the mathematical programming and particle swarm optimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chang Jun

    2015-01-01

    In the fields of researches associated with plant layout optimization, the main goal is to minimize the costs of pipelines and pumping between connecting equipment under various constraints. However, what is the lacking of considerations in previous researches is to transform various heuristics or safety regulations into mathematical equations. For example, proper safety distances between equipments have to be complied for preventing dangerous accidents on a complex plant. Moreover, most researches have handled single-floor plant. However, many multi-floor plants have been constructed for the last decade. Therefore, the proper algorithm handling various regulations and multi-floor plant should be developed. In this study, the Mixed Integer Non-Linear Programming (MINLP) problem including safety distances, maintenance spaces, etc. is suggested based on mathematical equations. The objective function is a summation of pipeline and pumping costs. Also, various safety and maintenance issues are transformed into inequality or equality constraints. However, it is really hard to solve this problem due to complex nonlinear constraints. Thus, it is impossible to use conventional MINLP solvers using derivatives of equations. In this study, the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) technique is employed. The ethylene oxide plant is illustrated to verify the efficacy of this study.

  1. Effectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation Program Following Shoulder Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Bean

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Shoulder injuries in working age adults result in a major cost to the health care system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a new multidisciplinary rehabilitation program and to explore factors that affected a successful return to work (RTW in injured workers with shoulder problems who received this program. Methods: This was a prospective longitudinal study. The patient-oriented outcome measures were the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH. Range of motion (ROM in flexion, abduction, and external rotation and strength in lifting and push/pull were documented. All outcomes were measured before and at the completion of the program. Results: Data of 68 patients were used for analysis. All outcomes showed a statistically significant improvement over time. Conclusions: Multidisciplinary rehabilitation programs help to improve pain, disability, ROM, strength, and facilitate RTW. Higher stress and a fast-paced work environment increased the risk of not progressing in work status.

  2. Final priorities; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers. Final priorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces priorities under the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program administered by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). Specifically, we announce priorities for a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) on Rehabilitation Strategies, Techniques, and Interventions (Priority 1), Information and Communication Technologies Access (Priority 2), Individual Mobility and Manipulation (Priority 3), and Physical Access and Transportation (Priority 4). The Assistant Secretary may use one or more of these priorities for competitions in fiscal year (FY) 2013 and later years. We take this action to focus research attention on areas of national need. We intend these priorities to improve community living and participation, health and function, and employment outcomes of individuals with disabilities.

  3. 75 FR 47798 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services-Special Demonstration Programs-Model...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services--Special Demonstration Programs--Model...) Served by State Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Agencies AGENCY: Office of Special Education and... Assistance (CFDA) Number: 84.235L. SUMMARY: The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative...

  4. 34 CFR 390.1 - What is the Rehabilitation Short-Term Training program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... designed for the support of special seminars, institutes, workshops, and other short-term courses in... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Rehabilitation Short-Term Training program...) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION REHABILITATION...

  5. 盆底肌康复治疗对盆底功能障碍的疗效%Effects of Pelvic Floor Muscle Rehabilitation Therapy for Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩平; 刘淮; 舒宽勇; 付楚慧; 陶玉玲; 黄敏

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation therapy for female pelvic floor dysfunction. Methods A total of 650 patients with pelvic floor dysfunction were selected , PHENIX neuromuscular stimulation therapeutic apparatus imported from France were used to treat these cases. All the patients underwent biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle training. Pelvic floor muscle strength and functional status of all cases were compared before and after treatment. Results The effective rate of stress urinary incontinence was 88.4%(311/352),the effective rate of vaginal wall prolapse was 90.9%(431/474),the effective rate of light degree and midrange uterine prolapse was 62.4%(151/242). The muscle strength of type Ⅰup to grade four increased from 12.6% to 67.4% after treatment ,the muscle strength of type Ⅱup to grade four increased from 13.6% to 70.8% after treatment ,both of the differences had statistical significance (P<0.01). Myoelectric voltage was significantly increased after treatment (P<0.01),which increased from (10.30±4.53) μV to (16.58±5.05) μV. The symptoms of lower abdominal pain,abnormal defecation, sexual dysfunction,pain in the lumbosacral region,vaginal straining feeling were improved obviously. Conclusion Biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle training is a safe , effective,economic and convenient method to treat pelvic floor dysfunction.%目的:评价盆底肌康复治疗女性盆底功能障碍的效果。方法采用PHENIX神经肌肉电刺激治疗仪,对650例女性盆底功能障碍患者进行盆底肌电刺激联合生物反馈治疗和功能锻炼,比较治疗前后盆底肌肌力及功能状态。结果患者压力性尿失禁治疗有效率为88.4%(311/352),阴道壁膨出治疗有效率为90.9%(431/474),轻中度子宫脱垂治疗有效率为62.4%(151/242);盆底肌肌力明显提高,Ⅰ类肌纤维肌力达4

  6. 77 FR 34363 - Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program; Traumatic Brain Injury Model...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-11

    ...) determine best strategies and programs to improve rehabilitation outcomes for underserved populations; (4... projects to implement. NIDRR staff will facilitate this post-award discussion and negotiation among...

  7. Treatment of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction withGegenand Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation Training%葛根配合盆底康复治疗盆底功能障碍性疾病临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟; 周保锋; 张颖

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To explore the effectiveness ofGegen(PuerariaeLobataeRadix) integrated with pelvic floor rehabilitation therapy for pelvic floor dysfunction. Methods: All 100 women with pelvic prolapse were divided into two groups with the method of random sampling: the observation group and the control group. The electrical stimulation-assisted pelvic floor muscle training (ESAPFMT) with biofeedback was carried out in the women of the control group, while in the observation group,Gegenwas added to the patients besides the ESAPFMT. Meanwhile, the qualities of sexual life of the patients before and after treatment in both groups were assessed and compared by the self-assessment chart of female sexual function index (FSFI) and the strengths of pelvic floor muscles were also measured in two groups. Results: After treatment, sexual desire and satisfaction scores of the patients were higher than that before treatment and sexual excitation, vaginal lubrication and climax were more easily obtained in the patients of the two groups. The differences between two groups showed statistical meaning (P<0.05). The strengths of pelvic floor muscles of patients were significantly improved in two groups, but the improvement in the observation group was better than the control group and the differences had statistical meaning in the two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion: The therapy of combiningGegenand ESAPFMT with biofeedback can significantly improve pelvic floor muscle strength and the quality of the female sex.%目的:观察葛根配合盆底康复治疗盆底功能障碍性疾病的临床效果。方法:将盆腔器官脱垂妇女100例按照抽签法随机分为对照组与观察组各50例,对照组予盆底肌电刺激联合生物反馈盆底肌训练,观察组予葛根配合盆底肌电刺激联合生物反馈盆底肌训练,采用女性性功能指数(FSFI)自评量表对2组患者治疗前后性功能变化进行评定,并比较2组患者治疗前后盆

  8. Mixed-Up Floors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Richard

    2001-01-01

    Examines the maintenance management problems inherent in cleaning multiple flooring materials revealing the need for school officials to keep it simple when choosing flooring types. Also highlighted is a carpet recycling program used by Wright State University (Ohio). (GR)

  9. The experiences of patients undertaking a 'virtual' cardiac rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banner, Davina; Lear, Scott; Kandola, Daman; Singer, Joel; Horvat, Dan; Bates, Joanna; Ignaszewski, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Cardiac rehabilitation programs (CRP) are medically supervised, multidisciplinary programs that provide secondary prevention aimed at addressing risk factors and improving lifestyle behaviours for patients following an acute cardiac event. CRPs have been demonstrated to be a cost-effective and evidence-based mechanism to improve patient outcomes, but despite the known benefits of these programs, uptake remains poor. Poor attendance has been linked to many factors, but geographical accessibility is a key concern, since many CRPs are limited to hospitals in urban areas. The widespread availability of the Internet has made it possible to provide virtual health services to populations that may have previously been hard to access. This paper examines the qualitative findings from a 16-month mixed methods randomized controlled trial examining the impact of a virtual CRP (vCRP). The vCRP was revealed to be an accessible, appropriate, convenient and effective way to deliver cardiac rehabilitation services, with patients experiencing both clinical improvements and a high level of satisfaction. To understand the experience of patients undertaking the vCRP, semi-structured interviews were undertaken with a purposive sample of 22 participants. An analysis of the qualitative interviews revealed that the vCRP improved participants' access to healthcare professionals, supported them to make healthy choices, and enhanced feelings of accountability due to greater surveillance. Barriers to participation, such as computer literacy, and general perceptions of a vCRP were also examined. Further investigation into the use and long-term effectiveness of virtual programs across a broader range of healthcare settings is warranted, particularly in those with multiple chronic diseases and those located in rural and remote communities.

  10. MRI role in morphological and functional assessment of the levator ani muscle: Use in patients affected by stress urinary incontinence (SUI) before and after pelvic floor rehabilitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Del Vescovo, Riccardo, E-mail: r.delvescovo@unicampus.it; Piccolo, Claudia Lucia, E-mail: c.piccolo@unicampus.it; Vecchia, Nicoletta Della, E-mail: nico.dvecchia@libero.it; Giurazza, Francesco, E-mail: f.giurazza@unicampus.it; Cazzato, Roberto Luigi, E-mail: r.cazzato@unicampus.it; Grasso, Rosario Francesco, E-mail: r.grasso@unicampus.it; Zobel, Bruno Beomonte, E-mail: b.zobel@unicampus.it

    2014-03-15

    Objective: Pelvic floor dysfunctions affect a very high proportion of female population. Magnetic resonance imaging is the only technique able to provide a multiplanar overview of pelvic organs and muscles without the use of ionizing radiation. The aim of our prospective study is to objectively evaluate the effectiveness of perineal re-education applying MR technique. Materials and methods: 22 patients affected by stress urinary incontinence were enrolled in our prospective study. They underwent urogynaecological, urodynamic examinations, and a questionnaire about symptoms (ICIQ-UI) to investigate the degree of their interference with daily activities. Then they underwent a morphological and dynamic MR exam. Results: The pre-perineal rehabilitation MR examinations showed an asymmetry of the levator ani muscle in 87% of patients; the remaining 13% showed a muscular bilateral volume reduction. In the group with unilateral defect, the muscle total volume had values between 15 and 21 cm{sup 3}. Its overall volume was 34.2% smaller on the defective side (9.28 ± 0.26 cm{sup 3}) compared to the normal side (12.64 ± 12.31 cm{sup 3}, P < 0.001). In patients with a bilateral impairment, the muscle was replaced by fibro-fatty tissue, without a significant asymmetry between the two sides. The post-perineal rehabilitation MR tests showed three different degrees of response to therapy, with a “complete response” found in 67% of patients and no response in 13%. Conclusions: MR is an useful tool in the management of patients affected by stress urinary incontinence with indication for perineal rehabilitation. Its objective data allow to distinguish different types of response to therapy and, consequently, different outcomes in terms of additional treatments.

  11. Integration of Students with Physical Impairment in Canadian University Rehabilitation Sciences Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guitard, Paulette; Duguay, Elise; Theriault, France-Andree; Sirois, Nathalie Julie; Lajoie, Melissa

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research was two-fold. First, it sought to determine if Canadian rehabilitation science programs are equipped to admit students with physical impairments and, second, to document the experience of these students. A survey (questionnaire) conducted among all Canadian university rehabilitation science programs (n = 34) and…

  12. 40 CFR 35.935-16 - Sewer use ordinance and evaluation/rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .../rehabilitation program. 35.935-16 Section 35.935-16 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY...-Clean Water Act § 35.935-16 Sewer use ordinance and evaluation/rehabilitation program. (a) The grantee... sewer use ordinance, and the grantee is complying with the sewer system evaluation and...

  13. Rehabilitation through the Arts: Impact on Participants' Engagement in Educational Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halperin, Ronnie; Kessler, Suzanne; Braunschweiger, Dana

    2012-01-01

    Educational achievement has been shown to be negatively correlated with recidivism among those released from prison (Nuttall, Hollmen, and Staley, 2003). The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a prison art rehabilitation program, Rehabilitation Through the Arts (RTA), on inmate participation in voluntary educational programs. RTA…

  14. Fast-track rehabilitation program vs conventional care after colorectal resection: A randomized clinical trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gang Wang; Zhi-Wei Jiang; Jing Xu; Jian-Feng Gong; Yang Bao; Li-Fei Xie; Jie-Shou Li

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To compare the fast-track rehabilitation program and conventional care for patients after resection of colorectal cancer.METHODS: One hundred and six consecutive patients who underwent fast-track rehabilitation program were encouraged to have early oral feeding and movement for early discharge, while 104 consecutive patients underwent conventional care after resection of colorectal cancer. Their gastrointestinal functions, postoperative complications and hospital stay time were recorded.RESULTS: The restoration time of gastrointestinal functions in the patients was significantly faster after fasttrack rehabilitation program than after conventional care (2.1 d vs 3.2 d, P < 0.01). The percentage of patients who developed complications was significantly lower 30 d after fast-track rehabilitation program than after conventional care (13.2% vs 26.9%, P < 0.05). Also,the percentage of patients who had general complications was significantly lower 30 d after fast-track rehabilitation program than after conventional care (6.6% vs 15.4%, P < 0.05). The postoperative hospital stay time of the patients was shorter after fast-track rehabilitation program than after conventional care (5 d vs 7 d, P <0.01). No significant difference was observed in the readmission rate 30 d after fast-track rehabilitation program and conventional care (3.8% vs 8.7%).CONCLUSION: The fast-track rehabilitation program can significantly decrease the complications and shorten the time of postoperative hospital stay of patients after resection colorectal cancer.

  15. Strategies For Being A Successful Physician Administrator Of A Rehabilitation Program

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    John L.Melvin; MD,MMSc

    2008-01-01

    @@ INTRODUCTION Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide rehabili-tation physicians with suggestions that will assist themin becoming successful program leaders/managers/ad-ministrators. The content of this paper is based uponthe experiences and observations of the author whohas had extensive experience in developing, leadingand managing rehabilitation programs.

  16. 48 CFR 853.271 - Loan Guaranty, Education and Vocational Rehabilitation and Counseling Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Loan Guaranty, Education and Vocational Rehabilitation and Counseling Programs. 853.271 Section 853.271 Federal Acquisition... Guaranty, Education and Vocational Rehabilitation and Counseling Programs....

  17. Multicultural Education and Training in Rehabilitation Counseling Education Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnell, Chandra M.; Robertson, Stacia L.; Shannon, Cozetta D.

    2009-01-01

    Racial-ethnic backgrounds of rehabilitation counseling clientele have become increasingly diverse. Additionally, the current emphasis on globalization and international rehabilitation in diverse communities requires educators to examine teaching methods and strategies to best train rehabilitation counselors working within these complex diverse…

  18. 75 FR 55786 - Office of Special Education Programs, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education Programs, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Department... Transition Technical Assistance Center (NSTTAC). Currently, the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP...

  19. Donkey-assisted rehabilitation program for children: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Rose, Paola; Cannas, Elisabetta; Reinger Cantiello, Patrizia

    2011-01-01

    Bonding with animals grants access to the sphere of affectivity and facilitates therapeutic engagement. The methodological approach of donkey-assisted programs is based on mediation, which is characterized by multidirectional relationships (patient-donkey-therapist). The donkey is an excellent facilitator in the motivation-building process, being able to stimulate the child's development by way of active and positive forces that foster psycho-affective and psycho-cognitive development processes. Results of this study, which focused on the child's approach to the donkey, indicate that while communicating with the animal, children rely more on physical expressions than on verbal language. Donkey-assisted rehabilitative sessions can help in identifying children's strong points, on which motivation could be built.

  20. Donkey-assisted rehabilitation program for children: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola De Rose

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Bonding with animals grants access to the sphere of affectivity and facilitates therapeutic engagement. The methodological approach of donkey-assisted programs is based on mediation, which is characterized by multidirectional relationships (patient-donkey-therapist. The donkey is an excellent facilitator in the motivation-building process, being able to stimulate the child's development by way of active and positive forces that foster psycho-affective and psycho-cognitive development processes. Results of this study, which focused on the child's approach to the donkey, indicate that while communicating with the animal, children rely more on physical expressions than on verbal language. Donkey-assisted rehabilitative sessions can help in identifying children's strong points, on which motivation could be built.

  1. Malaysia and Singapore's terrorist rehabilitation programs : learning and adapting to terrorist threats

    OpenAIRE

    Khor, Laura

    2013-01-01

    The central question of this thesis examines how Malaya/Malaysia and Singapore learned and adapted successful terrorist disengagement programs and policies; through their unique and non-military rehabilitation programs. The methodology is a comparative case study analysis of Malaysia and Singapore. In order to understand how the countries of Malaya/Malaysia and Singapore adapted a colonial-era counter-insurgency program to disengage Communist Terrorists into a program that now rehabilitates r...

  2. Potential role of a cognitive rehabilitation program following left temporal lobe epilepsy surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila de Vasconcelos Geraldi

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Research into memory and epilepsy has focused on measuring problems and exploring causes with limited attention directed at the role of neuropsychological rehabilitation in alleviating post-operative memory difficulties. Objectives To assess the effects of a memory rehabilitation program in patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy following surgery. Methods Twenty-four patients agreed to participate and 18 completed the study; nine received memory rehabilitation while nine had no input and were designated as controls. Verbal learning efficiency, naming abilities, memory subjective ratings, ecological activity measures and a language fMRI paradigm were used as outcome measures. Results Improved verbal learning and naming test performance, increase in memory strategy use and improved self-perception were observed following the rehabilitation. Changes in fMRI activation patterns were seen in the rehabilitation group over the long term. Conclusion The findings support the potential role of a cognitive rehabilitation program following left temporal lobe surgery.

  3. 77 FR 37022 - Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program; Rehabilitation Engineering...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... under the Rehabilitation Act by conducting advanced engineering research on and development of... private sector, and provide training opportunities for early-career rehabilitation engineers. RERCs seek... children. This commenter also suggested that the priority should focus more clearly on preventing...

  4. Effect of computerized cognitive rehabilitation program on cognitive function and activities of living in stroke patients

    OpenAIRE

    Yoo, Chanuk; Yong, Mi-hyun; Chung, Jaeyeop; Yang, YeongAe

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The objective of this study was to examine the effect of cognitive rehabilitation using a computer on cognitive function and activities of daily living in stroke patients presenting impairment of cognitive function. [Subjects] Forty-six stroke patients were divided into two groups (a training group and control group) through random assignment. [Methods] The training group received rehabilitation therapy and an additional computerized cognitive rehabilitation program using The RehaCo...

  5. Smartphone-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation Program: Feasibility Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Heewon; Yoon, Kwon-Ha; Lee, Jinseok

    2016-01-01

    We introduce a cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP) that utilizes only a smartphone, with no external devices. As an efficient guide for cardiac rehabilitation exercise, we developed an application to automatically indicate the exercise intensity by comparing the estimated heart rate (HR) with the target heart rate zone (THZ). The HR is estimated using video images of a fingertip taken by the smartphone’s built-in camera. The introduced CRP app includes pre-exercise, exercise with intensity guidance, and post-exercise. In the pre-exercise period, information such as THZ, exercise type, exercise stage order, and duration of each stage are set up. In the exercise with intensity guidance, the app estimates HR from the pulse obtained using the smartphone’s built-in camera and compares the estimated HR with the THZ. Based on this comparison, the app adjusts the exercise intensity to shift the patient’s HR to the THZ during exercise. In the post-exercise period, the app manages the ratio of the estimated HR to the THZ and provides a questionnaire on factors such as chest pain, shortness of breath, and leg pain during exercise, as objective and subjective evaluation indicators. As a key issue, HR estimation upon signal corruption due to motion artifacts is also considered. Through the smartphone-based CRP, we estimated the HR accuracy as mean absolute error and root mean squared error of 6.16 and 4.30bpm, respectively, with signal corruption due to motion artifacts being detected by combining the turning point ratio and kurtosis. PMID:27551969

  6. Building a Knowledge to Action Program in Stroke Rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janzen, Shannon; McIntyre, Amanda; Richardson, Marina; Britt, Eileen; Teasell, Robert

    2016-09-01

    The knowledge to action (KTA) process proposed by Graham et al (2006) is a framework to facilitate the development and application of research evidence into clinical practice. The KTA process consists of the knowledge creation cycle and the action cycle. The Evidence Based Review of Stroke Rehabilitation is a foundational part of the knowledge creation cycle and has helped guide the development of best practice recommendations in stroke. The Rehabilitation Knowledge to Action Project is an audit-feedback process for the clinical implementation of best practice guidelines, which follows the action cycle. The objective of this review was to: (1) contextualize the Evidence Based Review of Stroke Rehabilitation and Rehabilitation Knowledge to Action Project within the KTA model and (2) show how this process led to improved evidence-based practice in stroke rehabilitation. Through this process, a single centre was able to change clinical practice and promote a culture that supports the use of evidence-based practices in stroke rehabilitation.

  7. A rehabilitation program for lung cancer patients during postthoracotomy chemotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoffman AJ

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Amy J Hoffman,1 Ruth Ann Brintnall,2 Alexander von Eye,3 Lee W Jones,4 Gordon Alderink,5 Lawrence H Patzelt,6 Jean K Brown7 1College of Nursing, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA; 2Kirkhof College of Nursing, Grand Valley State University, Grand Rapids, MI, USA; 3Psychology Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA; 4Duke Center for Cancer Survivorship Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA; 5Frederik Meijer Honors College, Grand Valley State University, Grand Rapids, MI, USA; 6Spectrum Health, Grand Rapids, MI, USA and College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA; 7School of Nursing, University at Buffalo, the State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA Objective: The objective of this pilot study was to describe the effects of a 16-week home-based rehabilitative exercise program on cancer-related fatigue (CRF, other symptoms, functional status, and quality of life (QOL for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC after thoracotomy starting within days after hospital discharge and continuing through the initiation and completion of chemotherapy. Materials and methods: Five patients with NSCLC completed the Brief Fatigue Inventory (measuring CRF severity and the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (measuring symptom severity before and after thoractomy, and at the end of each week of the 16-week exercise program. Additionally, the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (measuring physical and mental functional status and the Quality of Life Index (measuring QOL were completed before and after thoracotomy, after weeks 3, 6, 12, and 16 (the end of the exercise program. Further, the 6-minute walk test (measuring functional capacity was administered before thoracotomy, prior to the initiation of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy, and at the end of the 16-week exercise program, after completion of chemotherapy. Results: Participants had a

  8. 产后盆底康复的个体化治疗100例临床分析%Postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation for individual treatment of 100 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高原; 李雯华

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the pelvic floor electrical stimulation for post-natal pelvic floor re habilitation is effective and feasible. Method of randomly selected 42-day post-partum women were divided into study group and control group, study group underwent pelvic floor electrical stimulation in the control group on their own recovery, follow-up observation of treatment. Result Electric al stimulation of pelvic floor rehabilitation outcome line research groups were subjective symptoms improved vaginal elasticity improved, comprehensive pelvic floor muscle strength increased, ultrasonography, and the differentiation changed significantly (P<0.05). Conclusions for postpartum pelvic floor electrical stimulation of pelvic floor rehabilitation to repair pelvic floor structure and function of damage, can be used as the content of postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation routine, treatment should follow the principle of individuation,and st ressed the active participation of mothers.%目的 探讨盆底电刺激用于产后盆底康复的有效性和可行性.方法 随机选取产后42天女性分为研究组和对照组,研究组行盆底电刺激治疗,对照组自行恢复,随访观察治疗效果.结果 行盆底电刺激康复的研究组产妇主观自觉症状好转,阴道弹性改善,盆底综合肌力提高,超声检查和性生活满意度改变明显,50名产后女性接受治疗,治疗次数从2~20次不等,平均7.8次,治疗时间20~30分钟,平均分钟22.5分钟.两组治疗后变化情况比较差异有显著性(P<0.05).结论 盆底电刺激用于产后盆底康复有效修复盆底组织结构与功能损伤,可作为产后盆底康复的常规内容.

  9. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs in lung transplant: a literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Maria de Sousa Pinto

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze, using a literature review, Pulmonary Rehabilitation (RP Programs in lung transplant. Methods: A literature review in July 2014 in Ebsco Host, Periódicos Capes, BVS and Science Direct data bases using descriptors in English (“lung transplantation”, “lung transplant” AND/OR “rehabilitation” and Portuguese (“reabilitação” AND/OR “transplante pulmonar”. The eligibility criterions were interventional studies of PR before and/or after lung transplant; participants who were candidates to lung transplant or lung transplant recipients; studies that applied any kind of PR program (hospital-based, homebased or outpatient and articles published in English, Spanish or Portuguese. Literature reviews, guidelines and case reports were excluded. The search process yielded 46 articles of which two were duplicated. After title and abstract screening 13 articles remained for full text reading. Six studies met the inclusion eligibility and were included in the review. Results: The studies involved patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Pulmonary Hypertension, Interstitial Lung Disease and Pulmonary Fibrosis. Pulmonary function, exercise capacity, quality of life (QoL and quadriceps force were evaluated. Most interventions were outpatient programs with three months duration, three times a week and session with at least one hour. Protocols included physical training, educational approach and just one included nutritional, psychiatric and social assistant follow-up. The studies presented significant change in the six-minute walking distance, QoL and quadriceps force after PR programs. Conclusion: This review showed the benefits of the PR in the QoL and exercise capacity contributing to the Health Promotion of the patients.

  10. The main components of a program of physical rehabilitation of children with congenital clubfoot

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mykhajlova N.E.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A research purpose was drafting and ground of basic program of physical rehabilitation of children elements with congenital clubfoot. In research 68 children of preschool age were plugged with congenital clubfoot and 34 healthy child. Tasks, forms and facilities of the complex program of physical rehabilitation, are certain. It is set that a process of physical rehabilitation must be continuous. The complex program of physical rehabilitation included: basic employments on a physical rehabilitation (general developing and correction exercises, exercise on development of physical capabilities, exercise on forming of correct carriage, exercise on the increase of mobility in talocrural joints, exercises on tension; grant lower extremities of medical position, employments in home terms, dressing and stay in auxiliary facilities of correction feet, physical therapy procedures (paraffin of applique, electrophoresis, electrostimulation, massotherapy. The necessity of the active bringing in and direct partner participation of parents is marked.

  11. Rehabilitering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stokholm, Gitte; Jensen, Liselotte; Petersen, Charlotte

    Fokus på forståelse af rehabilitering som tværfaglig tilgang indrettet på borgerens præmisser. Der diskuteres faldgrupper og fortolkningsspørgsmål, der opstår, når man gerne vil handle politisk korrekt og lade de personer, det drejer sig om, komme til orde og få indflydelse. Emner er handicappoli...

  12. Floor interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Marianne Graves; Krogh, Peter; Ludvigsen, Martin;

    2005-01-01

    Within architecture, there is a long tradition of careful design of floors. The design has been concerned with both decorating floors and designing floors to carry information. Ubiquitous computing technology offers new opportunities for designing interactive floors. This paper presents three...... different interactive floor concepts. Through an urban perspective it draws upon the experiences of floors in architecture, and provides a set of design issues for designing interactive floors....

  13. 77 FR 33729 - Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-National Data and Statistical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-07

    ..., family support, and economic and social self- sufficiency of individuals with disabilities, especially... Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--National Data and Statistical Center for the Burn Model Systems AGENCY: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Department of...

  14. 75 FR 14582 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services-Special Demonstration Programs-Model...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services--Special Demonstration Programs--Model...) Served by State Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) Agencies AGENCY: Office of Special Education and... Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number: 84.235L. SUMMARY: The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and...

  15. Treatment Plans in Psychiatric Community Housing Programs : Do They Reflect Rehabilitation Principles?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Heer-Wunderink, Charlotte; Visser, Ellen; Caro-Nienhuis, Annemarie D.; van Weeghel, Jaap; Sytema, Sjoerd; Wiersma, Durk

    2012-01-01

    Objective: This study examined the extent to which treatment plans of service users of community housing programs measure up to rehabilitation principles according to the Choose-Get-Keep model of psychiatric rehabilitation. The study evaluates whether these plans correspond with service-user and key

  16. Treatment Plans in Psychiatric Community Housing Programs : Do They Reflect Rehabilitation Principles?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Heer-Wunderink, Charlotte; Visser, Ellen; Caro-Nienhuis, Annemarie D.; van Weeghel, Jaap; Sytema, Sjoerd; Wiersma, Durk

    2012-01-01

    Objective: This study examined the extent to which treatment plans of service users of community housing programs measure up to rehabilitation principles according to the Choose-Get-Keep model of psychiatric rehabilitation. The study evaluates whether these plans correspond with service-user and key

  17. A comparison between an outpatient hospital-based pulmonary rehabilitation program and a home-care pulmonary rehabilitation program in patients with COPD - A follow-up of 18 months

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijbos, JH; Postma, DS; vanAltena, R; Gimeno, F; Koeter, GH

    1996-01-01

    Aim: In this study, the effects of a 12-week hospital-based outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program (HRP) are compared with those of a 12-week homecare rehabilitation program (HCRP) in COPD patients. A control group received no rehabilitation therapy. Methods: After randomization and stratificat

  18. 产后盆底康复治疗对盆底肌力恢复效果的影响%Effect of postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation therapy on pelvic floor muscle and vaginal tighten of maternal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓晓云; 于雅; 吴秀娜; 张海燕

    2013-01-01

    Objective To examine the effect of postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation therapy on pelvic floor muscle and Vaginal tighten.Methods A total of 69 maternal with head position term delivery were recruited and divided into two groups randomly.The treatment group received the therapy of electrical muscle stimulator (model PHENIX),while the control group received Kegel pelvic muscle exercise.Their pelvic muscle strength was evaluated after a course of therapy.Results After the intervention,pelvic muscle strength of all maternal were improved.The number of cases had marked effect or improved of partial response on pelvic floor muscle strength in treatment group respectively were 18 cases and 15 cases,and those in control group respectively were 14 cases and 8 cases,and the difference was statistically significant(u =3.59,P < 0.05).The number of the pelvic muscle strength and vaginal tightening improved in treatment group was higher than that in control group (32 vs 20),and the difference was statistically significant (u =2.16 ; P < 0.05).Conclusions The electrical muscle stimulate therapy is useful and safe for delivery woman.It can improve the pelvic muscle strength and tighten vaginal muscle.%目的 探讨产后盆底康复治疗对盆底肌的肌力和阴道紧缩度的影响.方法 将69例足月头位分娩的产妇随机分为两组,治疗组37例利用PHENⅨ型号盆底电刺激治疗仪行产后康复治疗,对照组32例行Kegel盆底肌功能训练,两组均于1个疗程后进行盆底肌的肌力分级评定(专科手法检查及张力治疗头筛查),评价两组康复效果.结果 两组产后盆底康复后肌力均有明显改善,治疗组盆底肌的肌力改善有效及显效例数为18例和15例,对照组盆底肌的肌力改善有效及显效例数分别为14例和8例;治疗组阴道紧缩度改善例数为32例,对照组阴道紧缩度改善例数为20例;治疗组盆底肌力改善程度及阴道紧缩度提高率明显优于对照组,

  19. Healthcare Professionals' Attitudes to Rehabilitation Programming for Male Cancer Survivors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Handberg, Charlotte; Midtgaard, Julie; Nielsen, Claus Vinther

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe and interpret the attitudes and conduct of hospital healthcare professionals (HCPs) in association with male cancer survivors and their municipal rehabilitation participation. Design: Ethnographic fieldwork was conducted, consisting of participant...... observation and 9 semi-structured focus group interviews with 58 hospital HCPs. Methods: Using interpretive description methodology with symbolic interaction as a theoretical framework, data were collected through fieldwork in three oncology wards in Denmark. Findings: Attitudes about both gender...... and rehabilitation were identified as overarching obstructions within hospital HCP conduct toward promoting men's participation in cancer rehabilitation. Conclusions: Gender and rehabilitation perceptions formed barriers in this context, suggesting that male cancer survivors' rehabilitation outcomes may...

  20. Developing a culturally based cardiac rehabilitation program: the HELA study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Look, Mele A; Kaholokula, Joseph Keawe; Carvhalo, Amy; Seto, Todd; de Silva, Mapuana

    2012-01-01

    Heart disease disproportionately affects Native Hawaiians and other Pacific people. In response, researchers proposed and communities endorsed, developing a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program based on the hula, a Native Hawaiian dance form. The utilization of cultural practices in health interventions can improve outcomes and increase enrollment and retention, but requires sensitivity and understanding. This paper provides the conceptual framework and methods used for integration of multiple communities' perspectives to inform the design of a hula-based CR intervention. Specific strategies and processes were established to ensure the equity of scientific-clinical and patient- cultural knowledge and perspectives. Multiple methods were used and a flow diagram defined steps for the intervention development. Patient and cultural consultations provided information about the multidimensional benefits of hula and its use in a CR intervention. Clinical and scientific consultations provided specific guidelines for exercise prescription and patient monitoring. Integrating findings from all consultations identified important direction and requirements. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles guided a complex collaboration of multiple communities; although time consuming, inclusive consultations provided valuable information and relationships.

  1. 78 FR 42871 - Final Extension of Project Period and Waiver; Rehabilitation Continuing Education Program for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    ... Program for the Technical Assistance and Continuing Education Centers (TACE Centers) AGENCY...) and continuing education (CE) provided to State vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies and their... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION...

  2. POST-OPERATIVE REHABILITATION PROGRAM AFTER SURGERY ACL RECONSTRUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Đokić

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ACL (anterior cruciate ligament are small ligaments inside the knee capsule that connect the femur tibia, main function is to prevent movement of the femur in front of tibia and to provide stability, it also helps in controlling the movement of the knee, in direction back-forward. Injuries of ACL appear in an increasing number of athletes. Per year, from 100,000 people who have an injury of the knee joint, 30% have the reconstruction surgery of ACL. ACL injury accounts about 40% of all sports injuries. The greatest number of injuries just happens in the most popular sports, such as: basketball, football and handball, often in female athlete. After the injury, about 25% of athletes fail to return to the sport. Recovery time after surgery is usually 6-12 months, depending on individual characteristics, as well as technical and tactical demands of specific sports activities. Choosing an appropriate and efficient rehabilitation protocols, and training is of great importance. The aim of this paper is to present training protocol of 60 days, 3 months after ACL reconstruction surgery, of top handball female athletes. In the first 30 days, a total of 74 training sessions were done, 39 trainings and 21 EMS (Electrical Muscle Stimulation treatments, at the end of each workout. Functional abilities and morphological status were measured at the beginning and end of the treatment program. After the training protocol athlete got individual exercise program of 26 days (30 training sessions. After 20 days began with normal training, the 26th day of the first game played. The applied protocol has proven successful, as the third competition season there is no problem with an injury.

  3. State of the art: how to set up a pulmonary rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Sue; Hill, Kylie; Cecins, Nola M

    2010-11-01

    Pulmonary rehabilitation plays an essential role in the management of symptomatic patients with COPD. The benefits of rehabilitation include a decrease in dyspnoea and fatigue, and improvements in exercise tolerance and health-related quality of life. Importantly, rehabilitation reduces hospitalization for acute exacerbations and is cost-effective. Although most of the evidence for pulmonary rehabilitation has been obtained in patients with COPD, symptomatic individuals with other respiratory diseases have been shown to benefit. In this review we outline a stepwise approach to establish, deliver and evaluate a pulmonary rehabilitation program (PRP) that would be feasible in most settings. Throughout the review we have specified the minimum requirements for a PRP to facilitate the establishment of programs using limited resources. Recommendations for staffing and other resources required for a PRP are presented in the first section. Exercise training is a focus of the section on program delivery as this is the component of rehabilitation that has the strongest level of evidence for benefit. Program considerations for patients with respiratory conditions other than COPD are described. Different approaches for delivering the education component of a PRP are outlined and recommendations are made regarding topics for group and individual sessions. The problems commonly encountered in pulmonary rehabilitation, together with recommendations to avoid these problems and strategies to assist in their resolution, are discussed. The review concludes with recommendations for evaluating a PRP. © 2010 The Authors; Respirology © 2010 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.

  4. [Early rehabilitation program in uncomplicated Stanford type B acute aortic dissection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Takehiko; Ichihara, Tetsuya; Sakaguchi, Hidehito; Kanamori, Taro

    2014-08-01

    Between December 2009 and August 2011, 120 patients with uncomplicated Stanford type B acute aortic dissection( UBAD) received medical treatment. In October 2010, we initiated an early rehabilitation program for UBAD patients in an acute phase. This early rehabilitation program, which was aimed at enabling the patient to walk around the ward within 2 days, was conducted for 87 consecutive patients;the remaining 33 were subjected to the conventional rehabilitation program. Mortality was not significantly different between the 2 groups. The incidence of atelectasis, need for mechanical ventilation, and intensive care unit syndrome during medical treatment occurred in 48% (16/33), 15% ( 5/33), and 30% ( 10/33), respectively, of the conventional group and in 3.4% ( 3/87), 1.1% (1/87), and 3.4% ( 3/87), respectively, of the early rehabilitation group. The outer diameter of the aorta was dilated after 4 weeks' rehabilitation in smaller percentage of patients in the early rehabilitation group than the conventional one. Thus, the early rehabilitation program was more effective for patients with UBAD than the conventional one.

  5. 产后盆底肌肉松弛症的康复治疗之影响%Rehabilitation treatment for patients with postpartum pelvic floor muscular relaxation and its influence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左玲; 凌桂凤; 任卫娟; 夏顺珍

    2013-01-01

    目的 评估产后盆底肌肉松弛症患者的治疗情况并探讨其对预防女性尿失禁的作用.方法 回顾性分析157例产后42 d检测为盆底肌肉松弛的产妇使用生物反馈电刺激治疗后盆底肌肉收缩力及盆底肌力的变化情况.结果 治疗1个疗程后,75%的患者盆底肌肉平均收缩力或盆底肌力都有所增强.结论 产后尽早进行盆底肌肉松弛症的康复治疗,加强盆底肌肉收缩训练,可增强盆底肌肉的收缩力度,达到改善尿道括约肌和肛提肌功能的目的,并起到预防女性尿失禁的作用.%Objective To evaluate therapeutic conditions of patients with postpartum pelvic floor muscular relaxation and explore its role in the prevention of female urinary incontinence. Methods 42 days after delivery, 157 puerperas were diagnosed as pelvic floor muscular relaxation. They were treated with biofeedback electric stimulation rehabilitation. Changes of pelvic floor muscular contraction force and pelvic floor myodynamia were analyzed retrospectively. Results After a course of treatment, the mean contraction force of pelvic floor muscle and the pelvic floor myodynamia enhanced in 75% of patients. Conclusions Early rehabilitation treatment for puerperas with postpartum pelvic floor muscular relaxation and training for pelvic floor muscle can strengthen the contraction power of pelvic floor muscle and improve functions of urethral sphincter and levator ani. As a result, it plays a role in the prevention of female urinary incontinence.

  6. 盆底康复训练结合心理护理对改善产后盆底肌功能的效果分析%Effect analysis of pelvic floor rehabilitation training combined with psychological nursing on improving postpar-tum pelvic floor muscle function

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 路彬

    2015-01-01

    目的:评价电刺激联合生物反馈结合心理护理对改善产妇产后盆底肌的效果。方法:收治阴道分娩产妇41例,产后复诊常规行盆底肌肉评估,选取肌力0~2级的产妇进行盆底康复训练,对训练前后电测肌电值和手测肌力进行比较。结果:训练前后电测肌电值和手测肌力比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论:产后盆底康复训练结合心理护理能提高盆底肌力,对预防女性盆底障碍性疾病效果显著。%Objective:To evaluate the effect of electrical stimulation and biological feedback combined with psychological nursing on improving postpartum pelvic floor muscle function of puerpera.Methods:41 cases of vaginal delivery puerpera were selected. They were given pelvic floor muscle evaluation at postpartum visit.The puerpera with 0~2 grade myodynamia were selected and given pelvic floor rehabilitation training.The electrical measuring myoelectricity values and hand measuring myodynamia were compared before and after training.Results:The electrical measuring myoelectricity values and hand measuring myodynamia were compard before and after training,and the differences were statistically significants(P<0.01).Conclusion:Postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation training combined with psychological nursing can improve the pelvic floor myodynamia.It has significant effect on the prevention of female pelvic floor dysfunction.

  7. 妊娠和分娩对盆底功能的影响及早期盆底康复治疗近期效果的研究%The Effect of Pregnancy and Delivery on Pelvic Floor Function and the Study on the Short Term Effect of Early Rehabilitation Therapy for Pelvic Floor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊仁美

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study the effect of pregnancy and delivery on the pelvic floor function and the short-term effect of early pelvic floor rehabilitation therapy.Method:The clinical data of 142 pregnant women in our hospital were selected as the research objects,according to the different methods of delivery, they were divided into the vaginal delivery group and the cesarean section group,71 cases in each group,reviewed and evaluation of pelvic floor function for 42 days after delivery,the influencing factors of pelvic floor function and the short term effect of early rehabilitation therapy were analysed.Result:Postpartum vaginal pressure, fatigue and pelvic floor muscle strength of the two groups were compared,there were no statistically significant differences(P>0.05).The changes of pelvic floor muscle strength and muscle voltage of the patients before treatment and after treatment were compared,the differences were statistically significant(P0.05);对比治疗前与治疗后产妇盆底肌力与肌电压的变化情况,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:妊娠和分娩会降低盆底肌力与阴道压力,增加肌肉的疲劳度;早期盆底康复治疗可增强产后盆底肌力与肌电压,值得推广应用。

  8. Rehabilitering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caswell, Dorte; Høybye-Mortensen, Matilde; Dall, Tanja

    2013-01-01

    Rehabilitering som både begreb og indsats har været genstand for stigende fokus i de seneste år, på både politisk, organisatorisk og praksis-niveau. Fra januar 2013 træder en større reform af førtidspension og fleksjob i kraft, og med reformen etableres ’rehabilitering’ som både mål og middel i...... beskæftigelsesindsatsen. Med dette temanummer af Social Politik ønsker vi at sætte fokus på rehabiliteringsbegrebets udbredelse og udfyldelse, og de konsekvenser de aktuelle social- og beskæftigelsespolitiske tendenser kan have for den konkrete rehabiliteringsindsats i praksis....

  9. Information and communication technology-based cardiac rehabilitation homecare programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varnfield M

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Marlien Varnfield, Mohanraj KarunanithiAustralian eHealth Research Centre, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, AustraliaAbstract: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR has, for many years, been a highly recommended approach to secondary prevention for patients recovering after a heart attack or heart surgery. These programs are traditionally delivered from a hospital outpatient center. Despite demonstrated benefits and guideline recommendations, CR utilization has been poor, particularly in women, older patients, and ethnic minority groups. To overcome some of the barriers to the traditional delivery of CR, different delivery platforms and approaches have been developed in recent years. In general, Telehealth solutions which have been used to address the delivery of CR services remotely include: 1 patient–provider contact delivered by telephone systems; 2 the Internet, with the majority of patient–provider contact for risk factor management taking place online; and 3 interventions using Smartphones as tools to deliver CR through (independently or in combination with short message service messaging, journaling applications, connected measurement devices, and remote coaching. These solutions have been shown to overcome some of the barriers in CR participation and show potential as alternative or complementary options for individuals that find traditional center-based CR programs difficult to commit to. The major benefits of remote platforms for CR delivery are the ability to deliver these interventions without ongoing face-to-face contact, which provides an opportunity to reach large numbers of people, and the convenience of selecting the timing of cardiovascular disease management sessions. Furthermore, technologies have the potential to deliver long-term follow-up, which programs delivered by health professionals cannot afford to do due to staff shortages and budget restrictions

  10. Restructuring a rehabilitation program for older adults: effects on patient outcomes and staff perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Jennifer; Hopper, Tammy

    2013-06-01

    The purpose of this mixed-methods research study was to examine the impact of organizational change on patient outcomes and staff experiences in a rehabilitation program for older adults. Program restructuring focused on reducing patient length of stay and increasing admissions to the rehabilitation program. Study findings revealed that patients admitted after restructuring, as compared to the time period just prior, experienced shorter lengths of stay yet made similar progress towards rehabilitation goals. The average discharge Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores between the two time periods were not significantly different. Yet FIM efficiency scores improved after the restructuring. With this reorganization, rehabilitation staff reported working harder to help patients achieve satisfactory outcomes, although initially staff reported lower morale. Findings extend the current literature and have practical implications for health care professionals interested in facilitating successful organizational change.

  11. Clinical Study on the Treatment of Postpartum Rehabilitation to Improve the Pelvic Floor Function%产后康复治疗对改善盆底功能的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寇金玲; 党丽君; 冯秀清

    2013-01-01

    目的:评价产后盆底康复仪联合盆底肌训练治疗对盆底肌肉张力的影响及对盆底功能的作用。方法:选择垦利县人民医院2012年1~3月收治的150例住院足月妊娠产后6周的产妇进入研究,随机分成两组。盆底康复治疗组80例,对照组70例。治疗组采用法国PHEN IX盆底康复治疗仪进行盆底康复治疗,主要包括盆底肌力评估和电刺激治疗一个疗程加盆底肌训练(也称Kegel运动);观察组采用普通产后康复教育。通过盆腔肌肉电生理诊断、压力性尿失禁、POP-Q诊断盆腔器官脱垂情况指标。两组分别于产后6周、6个月、12个月评价盆底功能康复治疗的临床效果。结果:产后6个月、12个月盆底肌肉张力治疗组均高于对照组。产后6个月治疗组及对照组压力性尿失禁发生率分别为2.50%(2/80)和12.86%(9/70),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);产后12个月治疗组及对照组压力性尿失禁发生率分别为3.75%(3/80)和14.29%(10/70),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。产后12个月治疗组及对照组POP-QⅠ度脱垂发生率分别为26.25%(21/80)和42.86%(30/70),差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:产后采用法国PHEN IX盆底康复治疗仪盆底康复治疗加Kegel运动,可有效加强盆底肌肉支持功能,减少尿失禁及盆腔器官脱垂的发生率。%Objective:To evaluate the postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation combined with pelvic floor muscle training in the treatment of pelvic floor muscle tension and on the pelvic floor function.Method:150 patients admitted to hospital full-term pregnancy 6 weeks postpartum women as research object in the People’s hospital of Kenli county from January 2012 to March 2012,they were randomly divided into two groups.Pelvic floor rehabilitation treatment group had 80 cases,control group had 70 cases.The treatment group by French PHEN IX pelvic floor rehabilitation

  12. Effect of a cardiac rehabilitation program on exercise oscillatory ventilation in Japanese patients with heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamauchi, Fumitake; Adachi, Hitoshi; Tomono, Jun-Ichi; Toyoda, Shigeru; Iwamatsu, Koichi; Sakuma, Masashi; Nakajima, Toshiaki; Oshima, Shigeru; Inoue, Teruo

    2016-10-01

    Although exercise oscillatory ventilation has emerged as a potent independent risk factor for adverse prognosis in heart failure, it is not well known whether cardiac rehabilitation can improve oscillatory ventilation. In this study, we investigated the magnitude of oscillations in ventilation before and after cardiac rehabilitation in chronic heart failure patients with exercise oscillatory ventilation. Cardiac rehabilitation (5-month program) was performed in 26 patients with chronic heart failure who showed an oscillatory ventilation pattern during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX). After the 5-month rehabilitation program was completed, the patients again underwent CPX. To determine the magnitude of oscillations in ventilation, the amplitude and cycle length of the oscillations were calculated and compared with several other parameters, including biomarkers that have established prognostic value in heart failure. At baseline before cardiac rehabilitation, both oscillation amplitude (R = 0.625, P Cardiac rehabilitation decreased oscillation amplitude (P cardiac rehabilitation program improves exercise oscillatory ventilation in chronic heart failure patients by reducing the oscillation amplitude. This effect is associated with a reduction of plasma BNP levels, potentially contributing to an improvement of heart failure.

  13. Research Applications of the Longitudinal Rehabilitation Study of the Vocational Services Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosciulek, J. F.

    2004-01-01

    Current state and national disability and employment policy program and funding directives, such as the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 and the Workforce Investment Act of 1998, require the state-federal vocational rehabilitation (VR) program to demonstrate service efficacy in order to maintain and expand program funding…

  14. The effect of pelvic floor muscle exercises program on sexual self-efficacy in primiparous women after delivery

    OpenAIRE

    Golmakani, Nahid; Zare, Zahra; Khadem, Nayereh; Shareh, Hossein; Shakeri, Mohammad Taghi

    2015-01-01

    Background: Selection and acceptance of appropriate sexual behavior and sexual function are made difficult by low sexual self-efficacy in the postpartum period. The general purpose of this research is to define the effects of an 8-week pelvic floor muscle exercise program on sexual self-efficacy in primiparous women after childbirth. Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 79 primiparous women who referred to health care centers, Mashhad, Iran in 2013, 8 weeks after delive...

  15. Improvement of cognitive function after a three-month pulmonary rehabilitation program for COPD patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Eanes D B; Viana, Cinthya Sampaio; Taunay, Tauily C E; Sales, Penha U; Lima, Jose W O; Holanda, Marcelo A

    2011-08-01

    The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation program on cognitive function in COPD patients, adjusting for potential confounders (gender, age, tobacco consumption, and educational level). In this prospective study, 34 COPD patients were submitted to neuropsychological testing before and after a 3-month pulmonary rehabilitation program. A control group with 18 healthy subjects of similar age, sex, and educational status was used to compare the cognitive function of COPD patients and healthy subjects at baseline. The association between the rehabilitation and change on th scores of cognitive variables, adjusted for each covariate, was estimated by means of linear random-intercept regression models. At baseline, the COPD patients had worse cognitive function with regard to verbal learning, memory, subjective organization, and verbal processing in comparison to the healthy volunteers. The improvement in cognitive performance by the COPD patients was evidenced even after adjusting for the sociodemographic factors that could potentially interfere on cognitive function. Male gender and age less than 65 years old were associated to higher scores in verbal learning and memory at baseline and after the rehabilitation program. The clinical approach to COPD-induced cognitive dysfunction should include participation in pulmonary rehabilitation programs. There were gender- and age-related differences in cognitive scores that persisted after rehabilitation.

  16. Description and analysis of pulmonary rehabilitation care programs current state in four cities of Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Duran-Palomino, Diana; Wilches-Luna, Esther-Cecilia; Martinez-Santa, Jaime

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: there are many studies reporting the benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation, but few of them exhibit the behavior and activities of these services. This article presents the characteristics of services, parts management and training level of team members, in addition to the variables or instruments used to measure the effectiveness and impact in these programs. Method: it was made a cross sectional convenience sample which included seven pulmonary rehabilitation services in four Colomb...

  17. The efficacy of mirror therapy combined with conventional stroke rehabilitation program on motor and functional recovery

    OpenAIRE

    Selen Kuzgun; Merih Özgen; Onur Armağan; Funda Taşcıoğlu; Canan Baydemir

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: A variety of methods is used in the treatment of upper extremity functional impairment after stroke.In recent years, a new therapeutic approach in the treatment of stroke rehabilitation is the mirror therapy.The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of mirror therapy,which is applied through motor imagination training, combined with conventional stroke rehabilitation program on upper extremity motor and functional recovery in patients with subacute stroke...

  18. The efficacy of mirror therapy combined with conventional stroke rehabilitation program on motor and functional recovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selen Kuzgun

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: A variety of methods is used in the treatment of upper extremity functional impairment after stroke.In recent years, a new therapeutic approach in the treatment of stroke rehabilitation is the mirror therapy.The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of mirror therapy,which is applied through motor imagination training, combined with conventional stroke rehabilitation program on upper extremity motor and functional recovery in patients with subacute stroke. MATERIAL and METHODS: This is a randomized,prospective,controlled single-blind trial.The study included 20 patients who were diagnosed with stroke.Patients were randomly divided into two groups:first group received conventional rehabilitation program and the second group received conventional rehabilitation program plus mirror therapy on nonparetic upper extremity consisting of wrist extension daily 4 times for 15minutes per session. Both groups received the conventional rehabilitation program for 4 weeks, 5 days a week and daily 1-2h. All patients were evaluated at baseline and at the end of the treatment(week 4.The evaluations were performed by using Brunnstrom Staging, Fugl Meyer Motor Function Scale(FM,Barthel Index(BI and goniometric measurement of wrist extension. RESULTS: The Brunnstrom stage(p<0.01, total score on FM and BI scores (p<0.01 were improved at week 4 compared to the baseline, whereas wrist subscore on FM and the goniometric measurements of the wrist and wrist extension were significantly improved only in group II.The two treatment groups were not statistically different in terms of posttreatment evaluation parameters. CONCLUSION: In our study,the mirror therapy combined with conventional rehabilitation program was not superior to conventional rehabilitation program alone in terms of upper extremity motor and functional recovery.

  19. Impact of rehabilitation programs on dependency and functional performance of patients with major lower limb amputations

    Science.gov (United States)

    AlSofyani, Mohammad A.; AlHarthi, Abdulaziz S.; Farahat, Fayssal M.; Abuznadah, Wesam T.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: To determine pattern and impact of physical rehabilitation on dependency and functional performance of patients. Methods: This retrospective chart review was carried out between July and August 2012 at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected using demographic, clinical, and dependency assessment checklists. Results: Patients who underwent major lower limb amputations between January 2007 and April 2012 (n=121) were included in the study. There were 84 (69.4%) male and 37 (30.6%) female patients with a mean ± standard deviation of 63.3±17.4 years old. Diabetes mellitus was the most frequent cause in 63.6% of patients. Only one-third of the amputees (32.2%) have records of completion of their rehabilitation programs, although 20.7% of them completed the <50% of the scheduled rehabilitation sessions, 17.2% attended between 50% and 80%, and the remaining 62.1% attended more than 80% of the scheduled sessions. Muscle power scores in each side of the upper and lower limbs were significantly better following rehabilitation (p<0.0001). Basic functions of mobility and transfer have also significantly improved (p<0.05). Conclusions: Overall dependency and functional performance were significantly better following implementation of the physical rehabilitation programs. A multidisciplinary team approach is mandatory to improve compliance of patients toward the rehabilitation programs. PMID:27652362

  20. Integrated intensive proprioceptive and visuomotor rehabilitation program for treatment of spastic diplegic Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fathy A. Elshazly

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Although so many rehabilitation programs have been addressed for rehabilitation of diplegic children, it still a challenging task to attain a satisfactory functional recovery. The purpose of the study was to investigate the efficacy of an intensive proprioceptive and visuomotor training program in the treatment of diplegic children in term of spatiotemporal gait parameters, postural stability, and quality of life. In a prospective randomized controlled trial, convenient sample of forty ambulant diplegic children were randomly distributed to either control (n=20 or study (n=20 groups; the control group received a traditional rehabilitation program for 1 hour, 5 times/week for 3 successive months, while the study group received the same program with intensive proprioceptive and visuomotor integration. Vicon 3D motion analysis system, Technobody balance system and Pediatric Quality of life Inventory were used to measure spatiotemporal gait parameters, stability indices and quality of life respectively. all parameters were similar in both groups at inception (p˃0.05. Children within both groups showed improvement of gait function, postural stability and quality of life (p˂0.05 and the integrated proprioceptive and visuomotor rehabilitation program achieved better gain (p˂0.05. Integrated proprioceptive and visuomotor rehabilitation might improve gait function, postural stability, and quality of life in diplegic children.

  1. 75 FR 55785 - Office of Special Education Programs, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education Programs, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Department... Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) funds NCEO to address national, State, and local assessment...

  2. A multidimensional cancer rehabilitation program for cancer survivors - Effectiveness on health-related quality of life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Weert, E; Hoekstra-Weebers, J; Grol, B; Otter, R; Arendzen, HJ; Postema, K; Sanderman, R; van der Schans, C

    Objective: A multidimensional rehabilitation program for cancer survivors was developed to overcome cancer-related problems and to improve quality of life. The two purposes of the study were to describe the effectiveness of the program and to obtain information about patient preferences for multi or

  3. A multidimensional cancer rehabilitation program for cancer survivors - Effectiveness on health-related quality of life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Weert, E; Hoekstra-Weebers, J; Grol, B; Otter, R; Arendzen, HJ; Postema, K; Sanderman, R; van der Schans, C

    2005-01-01

    Objective: A multidimensional rehabilitation program for cancer survivors was developed to overcome cancer-related problems and to improve quality of life. The two purposes of the study were to describe the effectiveness of the program and to obtain information about patient preferences for multi or

  4. Trends in Outcomes of the Vocational Rehabilitation Program for Adults with Developmental Disabilities: 1995-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Migliore, Alberto; Butterworth, John

    2008-01-01

    This article describes national trends in outcomes of the vocational rehabilitation (VR) program, with a focus on adults with developmental disabilities during the period of 1995 to 2005. Findings show that the VR program has made substantial progress in excluding extended employment from the array of possible employment closures. Efforts are…

  5. A multidimensional cancer rehabilitation program for cancer survivors - Effectiveness on health-related quality of life

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Weert, E; Hoekstra-Weebers, J; Grol, B; Otter, R; Arendzen, HJ; Postema, K; Sanderman, R; van der Schans, C

    2005-01-01

    Objective: A multidimensional rehabilitation program for cancer survivors was developed to overcome cancer-related problems and to improve quality of life. The two purposes of the study were to describe the effectiveness of the program and to obtain information about patient preferences for multi or

  6. 34 CFR 386.1 - What is the Rehabilitation Long-Term Training program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... rehabilitation counseling; (2) Rehabilitation technology; (3) Rehabilitation medicine; (4) Rehabilitation nursing...) The use, applications, and benefits of assistive technology devices and assistive technology...

  7. 产后妇女盆底肌力情况及康复效果分析%Pelvic Floor Muscle Strength Investigation and Rehabilitation Effect Analysis of Postpartum Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖晓岚; 陈茜; 杨卫萍

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence of different delivery ways on early postpartum pelvic floor function and the effect of effect of pelvic floor muscle exercise on promoting pelvic floor muscle. Methods 202 cases of parturients delivered in Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital from December 2011 to May 2013 were randomly selected, and then they were divided into three groups according to differ-ent delivery methods:selective cesarean section group (65 cases), vaginal delivery group (86 cases) and low forceps delivery group (51 cases) . Type I and type II fiber strength of the pelvic floor after delivery were measured and the pelvic floor muscle strength before and after rehabilitation treatment were recorded respectively. Results The abnormal rates of type I and type II fiber strength of the pelvic floor after delivery were compared among the selective cesarean section group, vaginal delivery group and low forceps delivery group, and there was significant statistical difference (P<0.01). Among three groups of patients after delivery, compared with the patients untreated with biofeedback pelvic muscles exercise therapy, the type I and type II fiber strength of the pelvic floor after biofeedback pelvic muscle exercise were strengthened, and there was significant difference (P<0.01). Conclusion Selective cesarean section can protect the pel-vic floor organs to some extent, and operative vaginal birth will bring the biggest influence on pelvic floor function. Early pelvic floor re-habilitation therapy can effectively enhance the muscle strength and reduce the incidence of female pelvic floor dysfunction.%目的探讨不同分娩方式对产后早期盆底功能的影响及盆底肌锻炼促进盆底肌力的效果观察。方法随机抽取2011年12至2013年5月在广州市红十字会医院分娩的产妇共202例,根据不同分娩方式分为选择性剖宫产组(65例)、阴道顺产组(86例)、低位钳产组(51例)。分别测定分娩后的盆底I类、Ⅱ类纤维

  8. Implicit identification with drug and alcohol use predicts retention in residential rehabilitation programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolff, Nathan; von Hippel, Courtney; Brener, Loren; von Hippel, William

    2015-03-01

    Research has identified numerous factors associated with successful treatment in alcohol and drug rehabilitation programs, yet treatment completion rates are often low and subsequent relapse rates very high. We propose that people's implicit identification with drugs and alcohol may be an additional factor that impacts their ability to complete abstinence-based rehabilitation programs. In the current research, we measured implicit identification with drugs and alcohol using the Implicit Association Test (Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998) among 137 members of a residential rehabilitation program for drugs and alcohol (104 men; mean age = 35 years old, 47 of whom were court-ordered to attend). Implicit identification with drugs and alcohol was measured within 1 week of arrival and again 3 weeks later, prior to the onset of the treatment phase of the program. Duration in rehabilitation was assessed 1 year later. Consistent with predictions, implicit identification with drugs and alcohol predicted the duration that people remained in residential rehabilitation even though a self-report measure of identification with drugs and alcohol did not. These results suggest that implicit identification with drugs and alcohol might be an important predictor of treatment outcomes, even among those with serious problems with drug and alcohol use. (PsycINFO Database Record

  9. Pulmonary rehabilitation for COPD: are programs with minimal exercise equipment effective?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alison, Jennifer A; McKeough, Zoe J

    2014-11-01

    Pulmonary rehabilitation is an essential component of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management with strong evidence supporting the efficacy of pulmonary rehabilitation to improve exercise capacity and quality of life, as well as reduce hospital admissions. However, it is estimated that only 2-5% of people with COPD who could benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation have access to programs. Most research on the benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation has used equipment such as cycle ergometers and treadmills for endurance training and weight machines for resistance training. To enable greater availability of pulmonary rehabilitation, the efficacy of exercise training using minimal equipment needs to be evaluated. Randomised controlled trials that used minimal, low cost equipment for endurance (eight trials) and strength training (three trials) compared to no training in people with COPD were evaluated. Statistically and clinically significant differences in functional exercise capacity and quality of life, as well as improvements in strength were demonstrated when exercise training with minimal equipment was compared to no training [six-minute walk test: mean difference 40 (95% CI: 13 to 67) metres; St George's Respiratory Questionnaire: mean difference -7 (95% CI: -12 to -3) points]. While the number of studies is relatively small and of variable quality, there is growing evidence that exercise training using minimal, low cost equipment may be an alternative to equipment-intensive pulmonary rehabilitation programs.

  10. Early postpartum pelvic floor muscle effect of comprehensive rehabilitation therapy on pelvic nerve electrophysiology%产后早期综合康复治疗对盆底神经肌电生理的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚志翠; 桑文淑; 杨素勉; 李平; 何雪菊

    2014-01-01

    Study of postpartum pelvic floor muscle effect of comprehensive rehabilitation therapy on pelvic nerve electrophysiology,rehabilitation assessment of pelvic floor muscle function. Methods:162 cases of primipara of vaginal delivery by tossing coins were randomly divided into treatment group (82 cases) and control group (80 cases). The treatment group in 24 hours postpartum pelvic floor muscle training, postpartum 42 days of biological feed-back-electrical stimulation treatment,the control group only give general guidance in the postpartum rehabilitation. Pelvic floor muscle class Ⅰ,Ⅱ type muscle fiber voltage between two groups were measured by 3 months postpartum,pelvic floor muscle contraction,pelvic organ prolapse cases,to evaluate the recovery of pelvic floor muscle function. Results:3 months postpartum maternal treatment group Ⅰ,Ⅱ muscle voltage were higher than that of the control group,the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). Two groups of maternal pelvic floor muscle contraction,pelvic organ prolapse cases,the differ-ences were statistically significant (P<0. 05). Conclusion:Early postpartum period of biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscles integrated training has the significant effect of postpartum pelvic floor muscle function recovery.%目的:探讨产后盆底肌综合康复治疗对盆底神经肌电生理的影响,评估盆底肌功能的康复情况。方法:将162例经阴道分娩的初产妇采用掷币方法分为对照组80例和治疗组82例。治疗组于产后24 h进行盆底肌综合训练,产后42 d进行生物反馈-电刺激治疗;对照组仅在产后给予一般性康复指导。产后3个月分别测量两组产妇的盆底肌Ⅰ类、Ⅱ类肌纤维电压,盆底肌收缩力及盆底器官脱垂情况,从而评估盆底肌功能的康复情况。结果:产后3个月治疗组产妇Ⅰ类、Ⅱ类肌纤维肌电压高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。

  11. Final priority; Rehabilitation Services Administration--Assistive Technology Alternative Financing Program. Final priority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-14

    The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces a priority under the Assistive Technology Alternative Financing Program administered by the Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA). The Assistant Secretary may use this priority for competitions in fiscal year (FY) 2014 and later years. This priority is designed to ensure that the Department funds high-quality assistive technology (AT) alternative financing programs (AFPs) that meet rigorous standards in order to enable individuals with disabilities to access and acquire assistive technology devices and services necessary to achieve education, community living, and employment goals.

  12. Yulu Shequ - a unique rehabilitation program for illicit drug users in Kaiyuan in southwest China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gericke Christian A

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction In China, illicit drug use and addiction have been rapidly increasing over the last two decades. Traditional compulsory rehabilitation models in China are widely considered ineffective. Recently, a new model of drug user rehabilitation called the 'Yulu Shequ Program' has gained a national reputation for successful rehabilitation in the city of Kaiyuan in southwest China. The aim of this study was to describe this program to the international public and to assess the program's effectiveness in terms of relapse rates and costs to participants and public payers. Case description The Yulu Shequ program provides up to one hundred participants at any point in time with the opportunity to live and work in a purpose-built, drug-free community after completing compulsory rehabilitation. The length of stay is not limited. Community members receive medical and psychological treatment and have the option to participate in social activities and highly valued job skills training. The program has very strict policies to prevent illicit drugs entering the community. Evaluation The evaluation was carried out through 1 a review of literature, official documents and websites in Chinese language describing the program and 2 an on-site visit and conduct of semi-structured interviews with key staff members of the Yulu Shequ program. The relapse rate in 2007 was 60% compared to 96% in the compulsory program. Annual costs to public payers of CNY4800 (US$700 were largely offset by income earned through on-site labour by participants totalling CNY4600 (US$670. Conclusions The Yulu Shequ program is an interesting model for drug rehabilitation that could lead the way for a new Chinese national policy away from compulsory rehabilitation towards a more collaborative and effective approach. Caution is needed when interpreting relapse rates as Yulu Shequ participants need to have completed compulsory rehabilitation before entering the program. A more

  13. 生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌训练对产后尿失禁患者盆底康复临床效果的影响%Effect of Biofeedback Electrical Stimulation Combined with Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises Assisted Functional Rehabilitation of Pelvic Floor Musclesin Female Urinary Incontinence Postpartum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张静; 肖琳; 罗小婉; 何一雄

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises assisted functional rehabilitation of pelvic floor muscles in female urinary incontinence postpartum.Method:A total of 90 females with urinary incontinence postpartum were selected from June 2013 to June 2015.The patients were divided into the observation group(n=46) and the control group(n=44),the observation group was treated by biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises, while the control group accepted pelvic floor muscle exercises.The functional rehabilitation of pelvic floor muscles of two groups were evaluated.Result:After treatment two groups presented with significant increment of the strength of pelvic floor muscleand decreased fatigability(P<0.05),in which the increment of the strength of pelvic floor muscle in the observation group was higher than that in the control group(P<0.05).After 3 months treatment, the effective rate of urinary incontinence postpartum of the observation group(97.83%) was better than that of the control group(79.55%),there was statistical significance(P<0.05).Conclusion:Biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises are effective for postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation in female urinary incontinence postpartum.%目的:探讨生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌训练对产后尿失禁患者盆底康复临床效果的影响。方法:选取2013年6月-2015年6月本院收治的产后尿失禁患者90例作为研究对象,分为观察组(46例)和对照组(44例),其中观察组给予生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌训练,对照组给予常规盆底肌训练,观察两组患者治疗后盆底康复情况。结果:两组患者治疗后盆底肌力明显提高、疲劳度明显降低(P<0.05),且观察组盆底肌力改善程度较对照组高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);治疗3个月后,观察组

  14. Clinical research of pelvic floor muscle training combined with electrical stimulation for postpartum pelvic floor function rehabilitation%盆底肌训练联合电刺激对产后盆底功能康复的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜红梅; 张岚; 丁红梅

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨产后用Kegel训练和Kegel训练+电刺激不同方法对治疗盆底肌功能康复的效果。方法120例产后42 d回本院复查肌力在0~Ⅱ级、部分合并有不同程度尿失禁的患者随机分为研究组和对照组,各60例。研究组给予Kegel训练+电刺激治疗,对照组仅给予Kegel训练。治疗3个月后对两组盆底肌及尿失禁情况进行评判。结果不同的训练方法对盆底肌肌力的恢复有帮助,但方法不同效果有差异,研究组明显优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论盆底肌训练联合电刺激对产后盆底肌功能康复有明显的疗效,值得临床应用。%ObjectiveTo investigate effect of postpartum Kegel training and Kegel training + electrical stimulation for pelvic floor function rehabilitation.MethodsA total of 120 patients with 0~Ⅱ grade of myodynamia in postpartum 42 d and different degree of uracratia were randomly divided into research group and control group, with 60 cases in each group. The research group received Kegel training + electrical stimulation for treatment, and the control group received Kegel training alone. After 3 months of training, evaluations were made on pelvic floor muscle and uracratia status of the two groups.ResultsDifferent training methods were all helpful for pelvic floor function rehabilitation, while they contained different effects. The research group had obviously better effect than the control group, and their difference had statistical significance (P<0.05).ConclusionPelvic floor muscle training combined with electrical stimulation have precisely curative effect for postpartum pelvic floor function rehabilitation. This method is worthy of clinical application.

  15. point massage combined rehabilitation training of maternal postpartum pelvic floor muscle changement%穴位按摩联合康复训练对产后盆底肌力改变的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽

    2015-01-01

    目的:采用常规康复训练与足部穴位按摩相结合的治疗方案在产后早期对初产妇进行康复治疗,探讨中医参与产妇产后盆底肌力康复的临床疗效。方法将400例产后纤维肌力异常的产妇随机分为治疗组200例,对照组200例。对照组进行常规的康复治疗法(Kegel 训练法),治疗组采用 Kegel 训练并配合穴位按摩进行盘底肌力的康复治疗,通过对2组肌电压及自身满意度的统计,总结临床疗效。结果在经过康复治疗后,所有产妇Ⅰ、Ⅱ类型肌纤维肌电压均得到提升,与治疗前相比具有统计学意义(P <0.01),且治疗组与对照组相比提升更高,差异有统计学意义(P <0.05);整体满意率对照组达80.5%,治疗组达90.0%,2组比较,P <0.05。结论穴位按摩联合康复训练能帮助产妇提高Ⅰ、Ⅱ类型肌纤维的肌电压,对产妇盆底肌力功能的康复具有较好的疗效。%objective After conventional rehabilitation training combined with foot point massage therapy in the early postnatal primipara for rehabilitation,to explore the clinical curative effect of TCM in maternal postpartum pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation. Methods Select 400 cases of postpartum fiber strength abnormal maternal randomly divided into experimental group and control group with 200 cases each. Control group recieves routine rehabilitation therapy ( Kegel training method),and the experimental group using Kegel training combined with point massage to pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation plan,compare two groups patients with muscle voltage and their satisfaction of therapy,and summarize the clinical curative effect. Results The muscle voltage of maternal Ⅰ and Ⅱ class muscle fibers both are improved after rehabilitation therapy,and has significant statistical significance compared with before treatment (P < 0. 01). The muscle voltage of maternal Ⅰ class in treatment group is higher than

  16. Implementation and Outcomes of a Community-Based Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program in Rural Appalachia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Daniel; Tommarello, Chaffee; Broce, Mike; Emmett, Mary; Pollard, Cecil

    2017-07-01

    To report on the implementation and clinical outcomes of a community-based pulmonary rehabilitation program in rural Appalachia. Three rural health centers and a large referral hospital worked together to establish pulmonary rehabilitation services based on AACVPR guidelines. Each site hired at least 1 respiratory therapist. To measure clinical outcomes, a retrospective medical record study compared pre- and post-program values for the modified Medical Research Council dyspnea level, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), negative inspiratory force (NIF), respiratory disease knowledge, St George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), BODE index (body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnea and exercise capacity), and smoking status. The percentages of persons completing the program and participating in maintenance exercise after the program were recorded. During the first 20 months of the program, 195 unduplicated persons with qualifying chronic lung diseases started the program. Of these, 111 (57%) completed the program. Mean improvements for all 6 measures were highly significant (P NIF, +11.3 cm H2O; knowledge test, +1.9; SGRQ, -6.2; BODE index, -1.1. Of the 23 smokers, 5 quit by the end of the program. Community-based pulmonary rehabilitation in rural health centers is feasible and achieves clinical outcomes similar to programs in large hospitals and academic centers. Furthermore, the addition of respiratory therapists to these primary care teams provides important collateral benefits for the evidence-based care of patients with chronic lung diseases.

  17. Vocational rehabilitation case manager factors associated with vocational rehabilitation service program outcomes for people with disabilities in Taiwan - an exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yun-Tung; Lin, Yi-Jiun

    2017-02-01

    Purpose The aim of this study is to explore whether/which vocational rehabilitation case manager (VRCMer) factors were significantly associated with the vocational rehabilitation service (VRS) program outcomes in Taiwan. Method This study used the 2011 VRS Program for People with Disabilities Database in a metropolitan city in Taiwan (N = 466) to do a secondary data analysis using hierarchical logistic regression. Results This study found that the employment rate and stable employment rate created by the 2011 VRS program in a metropolitan city in Taiwan were 48.7% and 42.1%, respectively. For the predictors of employment/stable employment, "occurrences of the services provided by the VRCMer" variable was definitely dominant. In addition, "level of the disability" was the second-ranking predictor, and was significantly negatively correlated with both employment and stable employment outcomes. Conclusions Vocational rehabilitation case manager factors in this study were significantly correlated with VRS program outcomes for people with disabilities in Taiwan after controlling for the clients' socio-demographic variables. The results indicate that greater input by VRCMers for people with disabilities equates to better employment outcomes in metropolitan Taiwan. Implications for Rehabilitation This is the first study to build an inferential statistical model in attempt to explain and predict the association between vocational rehabilitation case manager factors and vocational rehabilitation service program outcomes for people with disabilities in Taiwan. In cases of severe disability, a vocational rehabilitation case manager should seek out more in-kind and in-cash resources, and choose a suitable job coach to cooperate in assisting the client to become employed. Based on the findings, government has to continue implementing opportunities for people with disabilities to attain higher and better quality educational levels, for increasing their employment rate

  18. Patients' pretreatment beliefs about recovery influence outcome of a pain rehabilitation program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Merrick, D; Sjölund, B H

    2009-01-01

    AIM: The aim of this study was to monitor the outcome of a five-week cognitive-behavioral interdisciplinary rehabilitation program for patients disabled by chronic pain, utilizing data collected for a national quality registry. METHODS: The study included 255 consecutive patients from a university....../sports'' improved significantly after rehabilitation (Wilcoxon's test; P=0.0009), and remained improved one year later (P=0.0144). Life satisfaction in the physical and psychological domains increased after the program. A clinically meaningful reduction in pain intensity (10 mm) was reported by 43% of patients...... at the one-year follow-up. This group had significant increases in life satisfaction. Only patients with positive beliefs about recovery before rehabilitation showed a decrease in pain intensity at the one-year follow-up (P

  19. What Is Cardiac Rehabilitation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ANSWERS by heart Treatments + Tests What Is Cardiac Rehabilitation? A cardiac rehabilitation (rehab) program takes place in a hospital or ... special help in making lifestyle changes. During your rehabilitation program you’ll… • Have a medical evaluation to ...

  20. Service and business model for technology enabled and home-based cardiac rehabilitation programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarela, Antti; Whittaker, Frank; Korhonen, Ilkka

    2009-01-01

    Cardiac rehabilitation programs are comprehensive life-style programs aimed at preventing recurrence of a cardiac event. However, the current programs have globally significantly low levels of uptake. Home-based model can be a viable alternative to hospital-based programs. We developed and analysed a service and business model for home based cardiac rehabilitation based on personal mentoring using mobile phones and web services. We analysed the different organizational and economical aspects of setting up and running the home based program and propose a potential business model for a sustainable and viable service. The model can be extended to management of other chronic conditions to enable transition from hospital and care centre based treatments to sustainable home-based care.

  1. Eccentric Exercise Program Design: A Periodization Model for Rehabilitation Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris-Love, Michael O; Seamon, Bryant A; Gonzales, Tomas I; Hernandez, Haniel J; Pennington, Donte; Hoover, Brian M

    2017-01-01

    The applied use of eccentric muscle actions for physical rehabilitation may utilize the framework of periodization. This approach may facilitate the safe introduction of eccentric exercise and appropriate management of the workload progression. The purpose of this data-driven Hypothesis and Theory paper is to present a periodization model for isokinetic eccentric strengthening of older adults in an outpatient rehabilitation setting. Exemplar and group data are used to describe the initial eccentric exercise prescription, structured familiarization procedures, workload progression algorithm, and feasibility of the exercise regimen. Twenty-four men (61.8 ± 6.3 years of age) completed a 12-week isokinetic eccentric strengthening regimen involving the knee extensors. Feasibility and safety of the regimen was evaluated using serial visual analog scale (VAS, 0-10) values for self-reported pain, and examining changes in the magnitude of mean eccentric power as a function of movement velocity. Motor learning associated with the familiarization sessions was characterized through torque-time curve analysis. Total work was analyzed to identify relative training plateaus or diminished exercise capacity during the progressive phase of the macrocycle. Variability in the mean repetition interval decreased from 68 to 12% during the familiarization phase of the macrocycle. The mean VAS values were 2.9 ± 2.7 at the start of the regimen and 2.6 ± 2.9 following 12 weeks of eccentric strength training. During the progressive phase of the macrocycle, exercise workload increased from 70% of the estimated eccentric peak torque to 141% and total work increased by 185% during this training phase. The slope of the total work performed across the progressive phase of the macrocycle ranged from -5.5 to 29.6, with the lowest slope values occurring during microcycles 8 and 11. Also, mean power generation increased by 25% when eccentric isokinetic velocity increased from 60 to 90° s(-1) while

  2. Eccentric Exercise Program Design: A Periodization Model for Rehabilitation Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris-Love, Michael O.; Seamon, Bryant A.; Gonzales, Tomas I.; Hernandez, Haniel J.; Pennington, Donte; Hoover, Brian M.

    2017-01-01

    The applied use of eccentric muscle actions for physical rehabilitation may utilize the framework of periodization. This approach may facilitate the safe introduction of eccentric exercise and appropriate management of the workload progression. The purpose of this data-driven Hypothesis and Theory paper is to present a periodization model for isokinetic eccentric strengthening of older adults in an outpatient rehabilitation setting. Exemplar and group data are used to describe the initial eccentric exercise prescription, structured familiarization procedures, workload progression algorithm, and feasibility of the exercise regimen. Twenty-four men (61.8 ± 6.3 years of age) completed a 12-week isokinetic eccentric strengthening regimen involving the knee extensors. Feasibility and safety of the regimen was evaluated using serial visual analog scale (VAS, 0–10) values for self-reported pain, and examining changes in the magnitude of mean eccentric power as a function of movement velocity. Motor learning associated with the familiarization sessions was characterized through torque-time curve analysis. Total work was analyzed to identify relative training plateaus or diminished exercise capacity during the progressive phase of the macrocycle. Variability in the mean repetition interval decreased from 68 to 12% during the familiarization phase of the macrocycle. The mean VAS values were 2.9 ± 2.7 at the start of the regimen and 2.6 ± 2.9 following 12 weeks of eccentric strength training. During the progressive phase of the macrocycle, exercise workload increased from 70% of the estimated eccentric peak torque to 141% and total work increased by 185% during this training phase. The slope of the total work performed across the progressive phase of the macrocycle ranged from −5.5 to 29.6, with the lowest slope values occurring during microcycles 8 and 11. Also, mean power generation increased by 25% when eccentric isokinetic velocity increased from 60 to 90° s−1

  3. 77 FR 33725 - Applications for New Awards; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-07

    ... social self-sufficiency of individuals with disabilities, especially individuals with the most severe... Applications for New Awards; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program; National Data and Statistical Center for the Burn Model Systems AGENCY: Office of Special Education and...

  4. A Content Analysis of Multicultural Counseling Syllabi from Rehabilitation Counseling Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stebnicki, Mark; Cubero, Chris

    2008-01-01

    A content analysis of multicultural counseling syllabi from the Council on Rehabilitation Education (CORE) accredited programs was conducted. Using CORE accreditation standards that apply to Social and Cultural Diversity knowledge and outcome areas (Section C.2) and Middleton et al. (2000) proposed multicultural competencies and standards for…

  5. Course of disability reduction during a pain rehabilitation program : a prospective clinical study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waterschoot, Franka P. C.; Dijkstra, Pieter U.; Geertzen, Jan H. B.; Reneman, Michiel F.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the course of reduction of disability during a pain rehabilitation program (PRP) and factors influencing this course. A prospective cohort study was carried out. All patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain treated in a PRP between March 2010 and December 2010

  6. An Annotated Bibliography of Current Literature Dealing with Stroke Education Programs in a Physical Rehabilitation Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donohue, Ann Teresa

    This study makes available to nurses and other rehabilitation team members pertinent information to meet stroke patients' educational needs. The study was conducted to support the theory that those patients and families who actively participate in a stroke education program will more positively cope with the losses resulting from the disability…

  7. Characteristics of Telephone Applicants to a Residential Rehabilitation Program for Homeless Veterans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seidner, Andrea L.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Gathered descriptive data on 163 telephone applicants to residential rehabilitation program for homeless veterans and compared data with general veteran and homeless populations. Found subjects to be young, educated group of homeless men with histories of relatively high, stable functioning and high rates of medical, substance abuse, psychiatric,…

  8. 76 FR 49669 - Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program-Changes to Subsistence Allowance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 21 RIN 2900-AO10 Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program--Changes to Subsistence Allowance Correction In rule document 2011-19473 appearing on pages 45697-45705 in the issue...

  9. Development of an efficient rehabilitation exercise program for functional recovery in chronic ankle instability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kewwan; Jeon, Kyoungkyu

    2016-05-01

    [Purpose] The aim of the present study was to construct an integrated rehabilitation exercise program to prevent chronic pain and improve motor ability in cases of ankle injury and re-injury. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-six male soccer players who required functional strength exercises due to repeated ankle injury were the subjects. A 12-week rehabilitation exercise program was constructed with the aim of improving muscle strength in the ankle and dynamic coordination of the lower limb. Muscle strength and dynamic coordination were evaluated using the Y Balance Test, and isokinetic muscle strength of ankle dorsiflexion, plantarflexion, inversion, and eversion were measured before and after the 12-week program. [Results] Following 12 weeks of rehabilitation exercise, there were statistically significant improvements in the ratios of dorsiflexor strength to plantarflexor strength, eversion strength, and inversion strength on the left side. The other variables showed no significant changes. [Conclusion] The rehabilitation exercise program for chronic ankle instability helped to reduce pain, and to restore normal joint range of motion, muscle strength and endurance, and functional ability. Active protocols to improve complex functions need to be developed to complement these results.

  10. An Annotated Bibliography of Current Literature Dealing with Stroke Education Programs in a Physical Rehabilitation Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donohue, Ann Teresa

    This study makes available to nurses and other rehabilitation team members pertinent information to meet stroke patients' educational needs. The study was conducted to support the theory that those patients and families who actively participate in a stroke education program will more positively cope with the losses resulting from the disability…

  11. Establishing a pediatric cognitive rehabilitation program: insurance issues and clinical rationale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamson, Amanda M; O'Toole, Kathleen; Petersen, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    Technological and medical advances have greatly improved survival rates for many disorders; therefore, more attention is being given to functional outcomes in individuals who have been diagnosed with neurological diseases or disorders. One example of such an endeavor consists of a cognitive rehabilitation program to improve attentional abilities. The current study uses a modification of the original Cognitive Remediation Program to address attentional deficits in children with a variety of neurological disorders. The abbreviated program is designed as a focused, time-limited program that can be easily implemented in inpatient, partial day, or outpatient medical settings using third party payment to fund the program. This article seeks to inform psychologists about how to establish a cognitive rehabilitation program with emphasis placed on providing information about insurance reimbursement and billing procedures. Information is presented regarding billing codes, materials required for reimbursement, the denial/approval process, and percent of the Usual Customary Reasonable charge that was covered. Recommendations to improve the timeliness and efficiency of the reimbursement process, as well as to increase the amount of reimbursement, are highlighted. Directions for future research, including continued documentation of the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation programs to establish credibility for procurement of third party payment, are also offered.

  12. Preparing for the real world. Program helps rehabilitation patients perform everyday tasks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parthemore, W

    1994-11-01

    St. Francis Health Care Centre in Green Springs, OH, decided in 1991 to enlist local merchants in a program in rehabilitative medicine. The program, named for Green Springs's main street, is "Broadway: A Route Home." Broadway is a program for persons who, because of severe illness or injury, require extended rehabilitation. Along with care for continuing physical or cognitive problems, such patients often need help in performing tasks--buying groceries, cashing a check, renting a video--that most people take for granted. Under the Broadway program patients can practice these tasks safely in shops, restaurants, and theaters in Green Springs and other nearby communities. Later, escorted by therapists, some patients journey to larger cities and, finally, to their own communities, to exercise everyday skills.

  13. Application of Biofeedback Electrical Stimulation Combined with Pelvic Floor Muscle Training in Postpartum Rehabilitation Treatment of Pelvic Floor Function%生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌锻炼在产后盆底功能康复治疗中应用效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李荔

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌锻炼对产妇产后盆底功能康复的影响效果.方法将2011年9月至2013年1月在曲靖市妇幼医院住院分娩并于产后42 d复查的320例产妇随机分2组,观察组采取生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌锻炼的康复治疗手段,对照组不采取任何治疗措施.治疗3个月后比较2组产妇的盆底肌张力、阴道肌电压以及尿失禁发生率.结果观察组产妇盆底肌张力以及阴道肌电压的改善情况显著优于对照组(<0.05);观察组产妇尿失禁发生率显著降低(<0.05).结论生物反馈电刺激联合盆底肌锻炼可以帮助产妇提高盆底肌张力,降低尿失禁发生率,进而提高产妇的生活质量.%Objective To study the effect of biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle training in the postpartum rehabilitation treatment of pelvic floor function.Methods 320 puerperants who were rechecked at 42d after the delivery in our hospital from September 2011 to January 2013 were divided into two groups,patients in the observation group were treated with biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle training ,patients in the control group were given without treatment intervention,then the pelvic floor muscle tension,vaginal muscle voltage and urinary incontinence rate of two groups at 3 month after the treatment were compared.Results The improvement of pelvic floor muscle tension and vaginal muscle voltage of observation group were significantly better than those of control group (<0.05),the urinary incontinence rate was significantly lower (<0.05) .Conclusion The biofeedback electrical stimulation combined with pelvic floor muscle training can effectively improve the pelvic floor muscle tension and decrease the urinary incontinence rate,so it can improve the life quality of puerperants.

  14. [The occupational therapist's role in an interdisciplinary team within the Rehabilitation and External Aids Program].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelatelli, Agustina; Romero, Celeste; Uño Carreño, Mercedes

    2012-01-01

    The role of an occupational therapist in the Mental Health team, particularly in the Rehabilitation and Assisted Discharge Program (PREA), is to provide a focus on the person and on a meaningful occupation for him. The interdisciplinary team of each device, involving an occupational therapist, performs planning goals and implementing the means to achieve through strategies of psychosocial rehabilitation. Meanwhile, intervention strategies are developed and individual support for each person is given to carry out a project of life in the community, building a social, occupational and significant work in order to enhance users' recovery.

  15. Participant and service provider perceptions of an outpatient rehabilitation program for people with acquired brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poncet, Frédérique; Pradat-Diehl, Pascale; Lamontagne, Marie-Eve; Alifax, Anne; Fradelizi, Pascaline; Barette, Maude; Swaine, Bonnie

    2017-09-01

    A holistic, intensive and interdisciplinary rehabilitation program for people with acquired brain injury (ABI) was developed at the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, France (5 days/week for 7 weeks). This program, recently demonstrated effective, aimed to optimize the ability of people with ABI to perform activities and improve their participation by using individual and group interventions involving ecologically valid activities inside (e.g., in the gym and kitchen) and outside the hospital. However, the perception of the quality of the program by participants and service providers has not yet been reported. This study had 3 objectives: (1) report the perception of participants (adults with ABI) in terms of service quality of the program, (2) report the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT analysis) of the program as perceived by service providers, and (3) triangulate findings to draw conclusions about the program's quality and provide recommendations for quality improvement. We used a mixed-methods design with a validated questionnaire (Perception of Quality of Rehabilitation Services [PQRS-Montreal]) and interviews (structured around a SWOT analysis) involving program participants and service providers. We included 33 program participants (mean age 43.6 years) and 12 service providers (mean years with program 7.6 years). In general, study participants showed a convergence of opinion about the high quality of the program, particularly regarding the team and its participant-focused approach. Specific aspects of the program were viewed more negatively by both participants and service providers (i.e., addressing sexuality, family involvement and return to work/volunteer work/school). Participant and service provider perceptions of the rehabilitation program under study were generally positive. A reliable and valid questionnaire and interviews helped identify aspects of the program that worked well and those that could be targeted for future quality

  16. Analysis the effect of pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation treatment of 435 cases of urinary incontinence%产后盆底肌肉康复治疗尿失禁435例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程芳; 杨云洁

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical effect of pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation therapy to recover pelvic floor dysfunction.Methods 435 cases of 6-8 weeks postpartum urinary incontinence patients were chosen.The urinary incontinence questionnaire ( ICI-QSF) ,and Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire ( FSFI questionnaire) were used to detect maternal urinary incontinence (UI) investigation,pelvic organ prolapse (POP-Q) degree and quality of sexual life questionnaire.Ⅰ muscle,Ⅱ muscle strength and fatigue, vaginal and the change of dynamic pressure for pelvic floor functional change before and after Pelvic floor rehabilitation were compared.Pelvic floor mus-cle rehabilitation treatment included:imitation bioelectricity stimulus,biofeedback,scene reflection training and Kegel exercises.Results After pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation,pelvic floor function improved significantly,pelvic floor muscle strength increase, decrease fatigue, vaginal dynamic pressure rose significant difference:Electrical values (μV) before treatment (5.6 ±1.8),after treatment(15.1 ±4.6),t =3.6,P <0.05;Vaginal dynamic pressure (cmH2O) before treatment(48.7 ±11.0),after treatment (86.3 ±5.1)cmH2O(t=7.2,P<0.01);Fatigue obvi-ously improved,(P<0.01),the effect of Urinary incontinence treatment is very obvious (t=5.6,P<0.05)and pelvic organ prolapse improved significantly:Before treatment vaginal wall prolapse II degrees 63 people,after treat-ment 14 people,remission rate 82%,and Before treatment uterine prolapse 172 people,after treatment uterine pro-lapse 39 people,the response rate of 77.3% (P <0.01),sexual function improved significantly:before treatment score is (78.00 ±20.45) and after treatment scores is (100.00 ±25.36),t=8.6 (P<0.01).Conclusion Pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation effectively improve postpartum women pelvic floor function,can achieve the purpose of the treatment of urinary incontinence,improve pelvic organ prolapse and the quality of sex life.%目的:探讨

  17. 78 FR 35808 - Proposed priority-Rehabilitation Training: Rehabilitation Long-Term Training Program-Vocational...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ... employment, and train consumers to use such technology; (6) The curriculum will teach students to identify... internship experiences, and the required service obligation; (2) Educate potential students about the terms...) Ensure that all students complete an internship in a State VR agency as a requirement for program...

  18. Effect of rehabilitation of pelvic floor muscle training for women postpartum pelvic floor function%盆底肌肉训练对女性产后盆底功能障碍性疾病康复效果的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾瑞敏

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of rehabilitation of the pelvic floor muscle training for women postpartum pelvic floor disorders. Female pelvic floor muscle strength determination. Methods Chose our hospital from October 2009 to June 2012 in 42 days postpartum outpatient review 0. 05) , rehabilitation therapy training group muscle strength improvement was significantly better than the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P 0. 05) , the incidence of training group in 3 ,6 months postpartum urinary incontinence was significantly less than the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusions Pelvic floor muscle training can effectively the postnatal improve pelvic floor muscle tension, reduce the incidence of urinary incontinence, treatment effect at 42 days postpartum.%目的 探讨盆底肌肉训练对女性产后盆底功能障碍性疾病的康复效果.方法 选择2009年10月至2012年6月在门诊进行产后42天复查的女性盆底肌力测定< Ⅲ级者62例,按照患者意愿随机分为训练组(32例)和对照组(30例),训练组采用盆底肌肉康复系统进行盆底肌肉训练,对照组进行常规产后随访,根据随访结果对比两组产妇的康复情况.结果 两组患者在治疗前肌力无差异(P>0.05),康复训练治疗后训练组肌力改善情况明显优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);两组发生尿失禁的情况在产后42 d差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),在产后3、6个月尿失禁的发生率训练组明显少于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 盆底肌肉训练能有效女性产后提高盆底肌肉张力,减少尿失禁的发生,在产后42天开始治疗效果好.

  19. Compliance of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to a pulmonary rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina Schafer

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: The lack of adherent and non-adherent to recommended treatment is a very common problem that interferes with the successful care and assistance to people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease-COPD. This study compared the profi le of COPD patients that were adherent with non-adherent to a pulmonary rehabilitation program. Methods: was done an exploratory prospective observational study involving 24 patients with COPD Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program, divided into two groups according to full participation of the proposed treatment: Adhesive Group (GA = 18 subjects and non-adherent (GN = 06 subjects. The treatment occurred in 08 weeks, 3 times a week, lasting 1 hour and 30 minutes, assisted by a multidisciplinary team composed by physiotherapist, physical education professional, nutritionist, pharmacist, psychologist and pneumologist. Results: The GA did not differ from GN about the situation sociodemographic, anthropometric, cardiopulmonary exercise capacity and respiratory function. GN had more comorbidities when compared to GA and higher average amount of drugs used. All patients were characterized with reduced quality of life and correlation between cardiac function and quality of life was seen for both groups. Conclusion: Our results show that the advanced stage of disease and worsening of symptoms were determinants for the adherence of patients with COPD in the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program. KEYWORDS: COPD. Pulmonary Rehabilition. Interdisciplinary Health Team.

  20. 3种盆底康复训练治疗产后盆底肌力的疗效分析%Difference of pelvic floor rehabilitation training in postpartum pelvic floor muscle strength

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘浏; 张妤; 卫兵; 王文艳

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨3种盆底康复训练方式对产后妇女盆底肌力的影响.方法 选择2014年1月至11月在安徽医科大学第二附属医院妇产科足月妊娠分娩的初产妇120例,产后第42天经与产妇详细讲述治疗方法后,征求产妇意见进行分组.A组行盆底电刺激生物反馈联合家庭阴道哑铃治疗;B组行家庭阴道哑铃治疗;C组行盆底肌锻炼即Kegel运动.治疗3个月后检查3组患者盆底肌力.结果 治疗3个月后3组初产妇盆底肌力Dmax和H60s均有所改善,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.001).治疗3个月后,A组与B组,A组与C组,B组与C组初产妇盆底肌力Dmax和H60s均差比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.001).结论 电刺激联合生物反馈辅以阴道哑铃治疗可以显著改善产妇产后盆底肌力.%Objective To analyse the effect of pelvis muscle training on postpartum pelvic floor muscle strength. Methods A total of 120 primiparas in 42 days after childbirth in this hospital from January 2014 to November 2014 were divided into 3 groups after detailed treatment and soliciting their opinions. Group A received electrical stimulation biofeedback therapy on the basis of vaginal dumbbell training. Group B received vaginal dumbbell training. Group C received traditional Kegel's training. Three months after treatment, the pelvic floor muscle strength of the patients was examined. Results Three month after treatment, the pelvic floor muscle strength of primiparas was im-proved in three groups(P<0. 001). The improvement of pelvic floor muscle strength in group A was more than that in group B and C; the difference in group B and C also had statistical significance ( <0. 001). Conclusion Electrical stimulation and biofeedback combined with vaginal dumbbell exercise can significantly improve the postpartum pelvic floor muscle strength of primiparas.

  1. [Pelvic floor and pregnancy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritel, X

    2010-05-01

    Congenital factor, obesity, aging, pregnancy and childbirth are the main risk factors for female pelvic floor disorders (urinary incontinence, anal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, dyspareunia). Vaginal delivery may cause injury to the pudendal nerve, the anal sphincter, or the anal sphincter. However the link between these injuries and pelvic floor symptoms is not always determined and we still ignore what might be the ways of prevention. Of the many obstetrical methods proposed to prevent postpartum symptoms, episiotomy, delivery in vertical position, delayed pushing, perineal massage, warm pack, pelvic floor rehabilitation, results are disappointing or limited. Caesarean section is followed by less postnatal urinary incontinence than vaginal childbirth. However this difference tends to disappear with time and following childbirth. Limit the number of instrumental extractions and prefer the vacuum to forceps could reduce pelvic floor disorders after childbirth. Ultrasound examination of the anal sphincter after a second-degree perineal tear is useful to detect and repair infra-clinic anal sphincter lesions. Scientific data is insufficient to justify an elective cesarean section in order to avoid pelvic floor symptoms in a woman without previous disorders.

  2. The Diagnosis and Rehabilitation Effect of Female Pelvic Floor Dysfunction%女性盆底功能障碍疾病的诊断及康复治疗效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱柳华

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the diagnosis and rehabilitation effect of female pelvic floor dysfunction. Methods:585 cases of different pelvic floor dysfunctional diseases patients were all used biomimetic electrical stimulation therapy and retrospective analyzed their clinical data. Results:The total effecitve rate of urinary incontinence was 81.2%, pelvic organ prolapse was 75.2%, constipation was 66.7%, pelvic floor muscle relaxation was 88.6%, sexual dysfunction was 89.5%, chronic pelvic pain was 83.5%. Conclusion:Biomimetic electrical stimulation therapy has a good effect on female pelvic floor dysfunction, deserves clinical promotion and application.%目的:探讨女性盆底功能障碍疾病的诊断及康复治疗效果。方法:采用仿生物电刺激疗法对585例不同盆底功能障碍性疾病患者进行治疗,并回顾性分析其临床资料。结果:尿失禁总有效率为81.2%,盆腔脏器脱垂总有效率为75.2%,便秘总有效率为66.7%,盆底肌力松弛总有效率为88.6%,性功能障碍总有效率为89.5%,慢性盆腔疼痛总有效率为83.5%。结论:仿生物电刺激疗法对女性盆底功能障碍有较好疗效,值得临床推广应用。

  3. An evidence-based rehabilitation program for tracheoesophageal speakers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jongmans, P.; Rossum, M.; As-Brooks, C.; Hilgers, F.; Pols, L.; Hilgers, F.J.M.; Pols, L.C.W.; van Rossum, M.; van den Brekel, M.W.M.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: to develop an evidence-based therapy program aimed at improving tracheoesophageal speech intelligibility. The therapy program is based on particular problems found for TE speakers in a previous study as performed by the authors. Patients/Materials and Methods: 9 male laryngectomized indi

  4. Adoption of community-based cardiac rehabilitation programs and physical activity following phase III cardiac rehabilitation in Scotland: a prospective and predictive study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sniehotta, Falko F; Gorski, Charlotta; Araujo-Soares, Vera

    2010-09-01

    Little is known about levels of physical activity and attendance at phase IV community-based Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) programs following completion of exercise-focussed, hospital-based phase III CR. This study aims to test, compare and combine the predictive utility of the Common-Sense Self-Regulation Model (CS-SRM) and the extended Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) with action planning for two rehabilitation behaviours: physical activity and phase IV CR attendance. Individuals diagnosed with coronary heart disease (n = 103) completed baseline measures of illness perceptions, intentions, perceived behavioural control (PBC), action planning and past physical activity in the last week of a phase III CR program, and 95 participants completed follow-up measures of physical activity and attended phase IV CR (objectively confirmed) 2 months later. Only one predictor (PBC/cyclical timeline) significantly predicted levels and change of physical activity. While illness perceptions were not predictive of phase IV CR attendance, the extended TPB model showed good predictive power with action planning and intention as the most powerful predictors. Amongst participants who planned when and where to attend phase IV CR at the end of phase III rehabilitation, 65.9% subsequently attended a phase IV CR program compared to only 18.5% of those who had not made a plan. This study adds to our understanding of cardiac rehabilitation behaviour after completion of health service delivered programs. Comparing theoretical models and rehabilitation behaviours contributes to the development of behaviour theory.

  5. Diabetic retinopathy and visual disabilities among patients in a rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zelia Zilda Lourenço de Camargo Bittencourt

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy and to evaluate the management of patients with visual disabilities attending at the CEPRE Rehabilitation Program of University of Campinas. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out based on medical records of patients with visual disabilities attending a vision rehabilitation program. The following variables were studied: gender, age, marital status, level of schooling, social security status, origin, type and cause of visual disability and vision rehabilitation actions. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 155 patients, 55.5% males, aged between 12 and 88 years, mean age 41 years old, 34.8% were blind and 65.2% with low vision disability. Of those blind patients, 81.8% reported acquired blindness, and the leading cause was diabetic retinopathy (33.3%, followed by glaucoma (16.6%, and retinal detachment (15.0%. Of those patients with low vision disability, 14.9% had diabetic retinopathy, 14.9% hereditary syndromes, and 10.9% age-related macular degeneration. Vision rehabilitation therapy included interdisciplinary team consultations helping patients go through the mourning process for the loss or impairment of vision, and promoting the enhancement of their skills for performing activities of daily living independently. The management of patients with low vision was also focused on vision rehabilitation. CONCLUSION: The health of the eyes of patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes is at risk. The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was found to be a cause for visual disability, suggesting the need to assess these patients' access to health care and rehabilitation and promote health education for changing habits and improving quality of life.

  6. 产后早期盆底肌康复治疗对产妇盆底功能的近期影响%Short-term Effect of Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation Therapy on the Pelvic Floor Muscle Strength in the Early Postpartum of Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘湘晖; 杜丹; 黄淑妹

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察产后早期进行盆底肌电刺激联合生物反馈的康复治疗对不同分娩方式产妇盆底功能的近期影响.方法:选择2009年5月-2010年5月收治产妇200例,治疗组100例与对照组100例,其中每组中分别有择期剖宫产及阴道分娩产妇各50例.治疗组进行盆底肌康复治疗,2组分别于产后6~7周及产后5~6个月应用多功能盆底生物反馈仪进行盆底肌力检测.结果:完成产后6个月随访者171例.经盆底肌电刺激联合生物反馈的康复治疗后,阴道分娩产妇治疗组Ⅰ、Ⅱ类肌纤维肌电活动值均高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.001);择期剖宫产患者Ⅰ、Ⅱ类肌纤维持续收缩压及ⅡB类肌纤维收缩个数较对照组提高(均P<0.05).2种分娩方式产妇产后6个月的盆底肌力治疗组均比对照组增强,尤以阴道分娩组明显.结论:不同分娩方式产妇于产后早期进行盆底肌电刺激联合生物反馈的康复治疗均有助于盆底肌功能恢复,尤其适用于阴道分娩后的产妇.%Objective:To observe the short-term effect of electric stimulation-biofeedback pelvic floor rehabilitation therapy on the pelvic floor muscle strength for the women with different delivery modes in the early postpartum. Methods:The 200 pregnant women who had their childbirth in this hospital during May 2009 to May 2010 were selected and were allocated into two groups,treatment group and control group,each group have both selective caesarean section (50 cases)and vaginal delivery (50 cases). Treatment group conduct pelvic floor rehabilitation therapy. In 6-7 weeks and 5-6 months after childbirth,biofeedback electrical stimulation device was used to evaluate pelvic floor muscle strength. Results:There are 200 pregnant women get into the study ,171 cases in which have accomplish the detection 6 months after childbirth. After electric stimulation-biofeedback pelvic floor rehabilitation therapy, the EMG activity value of

  7. A randomised study of the effects of supplemental exercise sessions after a 7-week chronic obstructive pulmonary disease rehabilitation program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linneberg, Allan René; Rasmussen, Mathilde; Buch, Tove Fedder;

    2012-01-01

    Background: Several studies have suggested that the effects of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) rehabilitation programs tend to attenuate with time. We aimed to investigate the effects of supplemental exercise sessions following an initial 7-week COPD rehabilitation program with regard...... to exercise capacity and disease-specific quality of life (QoL). Methods: We performed a 7-week COPD rehabilitation program in 140 COPD patients. Patients (n = 118) who completed the initial program were randomised for additional six supervised supplemental exercise sessions or three follow-up examinations...... in the intervention group. However, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups in the observed changes in QoL or ESWT at any time point. Conclusions: In conclusion, a program of six supplemental exercise sessions following the initial 7-week COPD rehabilitation program did not have any...

  8. Patients' pretreatment beliefs about recovery influence outcome of a pain rehabilitation program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Merrick, D; Sjölund, B H

    2009-01-01

    hospital setting. Demographic data and patient beliefs about recovery recorded on a five-category scale were collected before the program. Pain intensity (VAS), Disability Rating Index (DRI) and life satisfaction (LiSat-11) were collected before, immediately after and one year after the program. Partial....../sports'' improved significantly after rehabilitation (Wilcoxon's test; P=0.0009), and remained improved one year later (P=0.0144). Life satisfaction in the physical and psychological domains increased after the program. A clinically meaningful reduction in pain intensity (10 mm) was reported by 43% of patients...... at the one-year follow-up. This group had significant increases in life satisfaction. Only patients with positive beliefs about recovery before rehabilitation showed a decrease in pain intensity at the one-year follow-up (Psatisfaction and...

  9. A survey of program evaluation practices in family-centered pediatric rehabilitation settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreau, Katherine A; Cousins, J Bradley

    2014-04-01

    Program evaluation is becoming increasingly important in pediatric rehabilitation settings that adhere to the family-centered service (FCS) philosophy. However, researchers know little about the specific evaluation activities occurring in these settings or the extent to which evaluators/service providers uphold FCS in their program evaluation activities. Through a questionnaire survey, this study aimed to document evaluators/service providers' perceptions of the level of program evaluation occurring in their Canadian pediatric rehabilitation centers. It also investigated the extent to which evaluators/service providers perceive program evaluation practices at their centers to be consistent with the FCS context of Canadian pediatric rehabilitation settings. The findings suggested that the amount of evaluation activities occurring within the respondents' centers is variable; that the majority of individuals working in program evaluation do not have formal training in it; and that the respondents' centers have limited resources for evaluation. The study also showed that staff members believe their centers' evaluation activities are somewhat consistent with FCS philosophy, but that improvements are needed.

  10. The Transcendental Meditation Program and Rehabilitation at Folsom State Prison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrams, Allan I.; Siegel, Larry M.

    1978-01-01

    Effects of the Transcendental Meditation program in a maximum security prison were studied via cross-validation design. Meditation and control groups indicated reduction in anxiety, neuroticism, hostility, and insomnia as a function of the treatment. (Author)

  11. Psychological changes in alcohol-dependent patients during a residential rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giorgi I

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ines Giorgi,1 Marcella Ottonello,2,3 Giovanni Vittadini,4 Giorgio Bertolotti5 1Psychology Unit, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Clinica del Lavoro e della Riabilitazione, IRCCS, Pavia, 2Department of Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Clinica del Lavoro e della Riabilitazione, IRCCS, Genoa, 3Department of Medicine, PhD Program in Advanced Sciences and Technologies in Rehabilitation Medicine and Sport, Università di Tor Vergata, Rome, 4Alcohol Rehabilitation Unit, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Clinica del Lavoro e della Riabilitazione, IRCCS, Pavia, 5Psychology Unit, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Clinica del Lavoro e della Riabilitazione, IRCCS, Tradate, Italy Background: Alcohol-dependent patients usually experience negative affects under the influence of alcohol, and these affective symptoms have been shown to decrease as a result of alcohol-withdrawal treatment. A recent cognitive–affective model suggests an interaction between drug motivation and affective symptoms. The aim of this multicenter study was to evaluate the psychological changes in subjects undergoing a residential rehabilitation program specifically designed for alcohol addiction, and to identify at discharge patients with greater affective symptoms and therefore more at risk of relapse.Materials and methods: The sample included 560 subjects (mean age 46.91±10.2 years who completed 28-day rehabilitation programs for alcohol addiction, following a tailored routine characterized by short duration and high intensity of medical and psychotherapeutic treatment. The psychological clinical profiles of anxiety, depression, psychological distress, psychological well-being, and self-perception of a positive change were assessed using the Cognitive Behavioral Assessment – Outcome Evaluation questionnaire at the beginning and at the end of the program. The changes in the psychological variables of the questionnaire were identified and considered as outcome

  12. Should Family and Friends Be Involved in Group-Based Rehabilitation Programs for Adults with Low Vision?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, G.; Saw, C.; Larizza, M.; Lamoureux, E.; Keeffe, J.

    2007-01-01

    This qualitative study investigates the views of clients with low vision and vision rehabilitation professionals on the involvement of family and friends in group-based rehabilitation programs. Both groups outlined advantages and disadvantages to involving significant others, and it is essential that clients are given the choice. Future work is…

  13. A disease of frozen feelings: ethically working on emotional worlds in a Russian Orthodox Church drug rehabilitation program

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Zigon

    2010-01-01

    In a Russian Orthodox Church drug rehabilitation program in St. Petersburg, drug addiction was often described as a disease of frozen feelings. This image suggests that rehabilitation is a process of thawing emotional worlds and, thus, allows the emotions to flow once again. In this article I argue

  14. Professional Identity, Professional Associations, and Recruitment: Perspectives of Current Doctoral Students and Recent Graduates of Rehabilitation Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Alison; Phillips, Brian; Manninen-Luse, Melissa; Irizarry, Lesley O.; Hylton, Terrie

    2011-01-01

    This study was an exploratory investigation of the perceptions of current doctoral students and recent graduates from rehabilitation counseling and rehabilitation psychology programs on professional identity, professional associations, and recruitment. These three issues were selected based on the likelihood that students and recent graduates…

  15. Vocational Rehabilitation for Postsecondary Programs That Serve Students Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing. PEPNet Tipsheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faver, Edward

    2011-01-01

    The public Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) program provides services to individuals with disabilities who need help to qualify for, find, or keep a job that is consistent with their strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, interests, and informed choice. This paper provides information on vocational rehabilitation for postsecondary…

  16. Evaluation of a four month rehabilitation program for stroke patients with balance problems and binocular visual dysfunction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schow, Trine; Harris, Paul; Teasdale, Thomas William

    2016-01-01

    Trine Schow, Paul Harris, Thomas William Teasdale, Morten Arendt Rasmussen. Evaluation of a four month rehabilitation program for stroke patients with balance problems and binocular visual dysfunction. NeuroRehabilitation. 2016 Apr 6;38(4):331-41. doi: 10.3233/NRE-161324....

  17. 中医药联合Kegel训练对产后盆底功能康复的影响%Effect of traditional Chinese medicine combined with Kegel training on the rehabilitation of pelvic floor function after delivery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪静娟; 吴霍曼; 向丽娟

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To explore the effect of traditional Chinese medicine combined with Kegel training on the rehabilitation of pelvic floor function after delivery. Methods: 360 full - term primiparous women ( head presentation, natural labor) were divided into observation group and control group randomly, 180 women in each group, the women in the two groups were treated with different methods for rehabilitation of pelvic floor function after delivery. The incidences of urinary incontinence and pelvic floor muscle tension scores in the two groups were evaluated at 42 days after delivery. Results: The incidence of urinary incontinence in observation group was significantly lower than that in control group, the pelvic floor muscle tension in observation group was better than that in control group ( P < 0. 05 ) . Conclusion : Early oral administration of traditional Chinese medicine combined with Kegel training can prevent and treat the occurrence and development of stress urinary incontinence effectively after delivery.%目的:探讨中医药联合Kegel训练对产后盆底功能康复的影响.方法:将360例足月、初产、头位自然分娩的产妇随机分观察组和对照组各180例,使用不同的方法进行产后盆底功能康复,以产后42天评价两组产妇尿失禁发生率及盆底肌张力强度评分.结果:观察组产妇尿失禁发生率低于对照组,盆底肌张力强度优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:产后早期进行中药口服联合Kegel训练可以有效防治产后压力性尿失禁的发生和发展.

  18. Towards the integration of mental practice in rehabilitation programs. A critical review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francine eMalouin

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Many clinical studies have investigated the use of mental practice (MP through motor imagery (MI to enhance functional recovery of patients with diverse physical disabilities. Although beneficial effects have been generally reported for training motor functions in persons with chronic stroke (e.g. reaching, writing, walking, attempts to integrate MP within rehabilitation programs have been met with mitigated results. These findings have stirred further questioning about the value of MP in neurological rehabilitation. In fact, despite abundant systematic reviews, which customarily focused on the methodological merits of selected studies, several questions about factors underlying observed effects remain to be addressed. This review discusses these issues in an attempt to identify factors likely to hamper the integration of MP within rehabilitation programs. First, the rationale underlying the use of MP for training motor function is briefly reviewed. Second, three modes of MI delivery are proposed based on the analysis of the research protocols from 27 studies in persons with stroke and Parkinson’s disease. Third, for each mode of MI delivery, a general description of MI training is provided. Fourth, the review discusses factors influencing MI training outcomes such as: the adherence to MI training, the amount of training and the interaction between physical and mental rehearsal; the use of relaxation, the selection of reliable, valid and sensitive outcome measures, the heterogeneity of the patient groups, the selection of patients and the mental rehearsal procedures. To conclude, the review proposes a framework for integrating MP in rehabilitation programs and suggests research targets for steering the implementation of MP in the early stages of the rehabilitation process. The challenge has now shifted towards the demonstration that MI training can enhance the effects of regular therapy in persons with subacute stroke during the period of

  19. Rehabilitation in COPD: the long-term effect of a supervised 7-week program succeeded by a self-monitored walking program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, T; Brøndum, E; Martinez, G

    2008-01-01

    change in SGRQ +2.0 (p = 0.40). A relative simple and inexpensive 7-week supervised rehabilitation program combined with daily self-monitored training at home was able to maintain significant improvement in exercise tolerance and health status throughout 1 year. Death and hospital admissions due to acute......Pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves exercise tolerance and health status, however, these effects have been shown to decline after termination of the rehabilitation program. This study has examined the long-term effect of a 7-week supervised...... rehabilitation program combined with daily self-monitored training at home on exercise tolerance and health status. Two hundred and nine consecutive COPD patients who had completed a 7-week pulmonary rehabilitation program were assessed with endurance shuttle walk test (ESWT) and the St George's Respiratory...

  20. A Water Rehabilitation Program in Patients with Hip Osteoarthritis Before and After Total Hip Replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Łyp, Marek; Kaczor, Ryszard; Cabak, Anna; Tederko, Piotr; Włostowska, Ewa; Stanisławska, Iwona; Szypuła, Jan; Tomaszewski, Wiesław

    2016-07-25

    BACKGROUND Pain associated with coxarthrosis, typically occurring in middle-aged and elderly patients, very commonly causes considerable limitation of motor fitness and dependence on pharmacotherapy. This article provides an assessment of a rehabilitation program with tailored water exercises in patients with osteoarthritis before and after total hip replacement. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 192 patients (the mean age 61.03±10.89) suffering from hip osteoarthritis (OA) were evaluated before and after total hip replacement (THR). The clinical study covered measurements of hip active ranges of motion (HAROM) and the forces generated by pelvis stabilizer muscles. Pain intensity was assessed according to analogue-visual scale of pain (VAS) and according to the Modified Laitinen Questionnaire. The patients were divided into 6 groups (4 treatment and 2 control). We compared 2 rehabilitation programs using kinesitherapy and low-frequency magnetic field. One of them also had specially designed exercises in the water. Statistical analysis was carried out at the significance level α=0.05. This was a cross-sectional study. RESULTS A positive effect of water exercises on a number of parameters was found in patients with OA both before and after total hip replacement surgery. We noted a significant reduction of pain (prehabilitation program including water exercises most significantly reduced pain in patients with OA before and after total hip replacement surgery. 2. Inclusion of water exercises in a rehabilitation program can reduce the use of medicines in patient with OA and after THR.

  1. Talking Typewriter Training Program in a Rehabilitation Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kupshunas, Sue

    1984-01-01

    As part of a state residential center's 16-week training program to assist blind adults, aged 16-65, in acquiring employability skills, clients receive hands-on training in mastering the IBM Memory 100 Audio Unit typewriter. Training includes assessing prerequisite secretarial skills, using self-instructional materials, and evaluating performance.…

  2. Design considerations for a theory-driven exergame-based rehabilitation program to improve walking of persons with stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wüest, Seline; van de Langenberg, Rolf; de Bruin, Eling D

    2014-01-01

    Virtual rehabilitation approaches for promoting motor recovery has attracted considerable attention in recent years. It appears to be a useful tool to provide beneficial and motivational rehabilitation conditions. Following a stroke, hemiparesis is one of the most disabling impairments and, therefore, many affected people often show substantial deficits in walking abilities. Hence, one of the major goals of stroke rehabilitation is to improve patients' gait characteristics and hence to regain their highest possible level of walking ability. Because previous studies indicate a relationship between walking and balance ability, this article proposes a stroke rehabilitation program that targets balance impairments to improve walking in stroke survivors. Most currently, available stroke rehabilitation programs lack a theory-driven, feasible template consistent with widely accepted motor learning principles and theories in rehabilitation. To address this hiatus, we explore the potential of a set of virtual reality games specifically developed for stroke rehabilitation and ordered according to an established two-dimensional motor skill classification taxonomy. We argue that the ensuing "exergame"-based rehabilitation program warrants individually tailored balance progression in a learning environment that allows variable practice and hence optimizes the recovery of walking ability.

  3. Leveling the playing field: the development of a distance education program in rehabilitation counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leech, Linda L; Holcomb, John M

    2004-01-01

    This article describes the curriculum design and development of an online Master's degree program in Rehabilitation Counseling at the University of South Carolina. The use of Bloom's Taxonomy as a method for selecting distance education techniques and teaching methods to ensure equivalency of the educational experience to traditional classroom teaching is described. The author presents tables to demonstrate the cognitive competencies, traditional and distance education methods, and use of synchronous and asynchronous methods in reaching desired educational objectives. This process has resulted in the creation of a program that offers distance education options, traditional classroom options, or a blend of approaches. The menu of options has met the unique learning needs of all students and has offered students with disabilities a level playing field on which to build rehabilitation counseling competencies.

  4. Effect of Cardiac Rehabilitation Program on Heart Rate Recovery in Coronary Heart Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Mahdavi Anari

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: It has been suggested that the autonomic system function and the metabolic syndrome can significantly affect patients' survival. The aim of the current study was to investigate the impact of the cardiac rehabilitation program on the autonomic system balance in patients with coronary artery disease.Methods: Patients with a previous diagnosis of coronary artery disease who were referred to the Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Center of Afshar Hospital (Yazd, Iran between March and November 2011 were enrolled. All the patients participated in rehabilitation sessions 3 times a week for 12 weeks. Heart rate recovery (HRR was measured as an indicator of the autonomic system balance. In order to calculate HRR, the maximum heart rate during the exercise test was recorded. At the end of the exercise test, the patients were asked to sit down without having a cooldown period and their heart rate was recorded again after 1 minute. The difference between these 2 measurements was considered as HRR.Results: A total of 108 patients, including 86 (79.6% men and 22 (20.4% women, completed the rehabilitation course. The mean age of the study participants was 58.25 ± 9.83 years. A statistically significant improvement was observed in HRR (p value = 0.040. Significant declines were also observed in the patients' waist circumference (p value < 0.001 and systolic and diastolic blood pressures (p value = 0.018 and 0.003, respectively. A decreasing trend was observed in the patients' body mass index, but it failed to reach statistical significance (p value = 0.063. No statistically meaningful changes were noted in fasting blood glucose (p value = 0.171, high-density lipoprotein (p value = 0.070, or triglyceride concentrations (p value = 0.149. Conclusion: The cardiac rehabilitation program may help to improve HRR and several components of the metabolic syndrome in patients with coronary heart disease.

  5. National Registry of Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs in Mexico II (RENAPREC II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilarraza-Lomelí, Hermes; García-Saldivia, Marianna; Rojano-Castillo, Jessica; Justiniano, Samuel; Cerón, Norma; Aranda-Ayala, Zulema-L; Rodríguez, Azucena; Hernández, Alejandro; Cassaigne, María-Elena; Cantero, Raúl; Gasca, Pablo; Hinojosa, Tania; Alonso, Jesús; Romo, Ricardo; Lara, Jorge; Pimentel, Elizabeth; Zavala, Juana; Rius-Suárez, María-Dolores; Cherebetiu, Gabriel; Cortés, Othniel; Almaraz, Alejandro; Mendoza, Pedro; Silva, Jesús; Tirado, Enrique; Martínez, Leonel

    2016-05-27

    The aim of this paper is to compare the state of Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs (CRP) in 2009 with 2015. We shall focus on assistance, training of health-providers, research and the implementation barriers. All authors of RENAPREC-2009, and other cardiac rehabilitation leaders in Mexico were requested to participate. These centers were distributed in two groups: RENAPREC-2009 centers that participated in 2015 and the new CRP units. In 2009 there were 14 centers, two of them disappeared and another two did not respond. CRP-units increased 71% (n=24), and their geographic distribution shows a centripetal pattern. The coverage of CRP-units was 0.02 centers per 100,000 inhabitants. Only 4.4% of eligible patients were referred to CRP, with a rate of 10.4 patients/100,000 inhabitants in 2015. The ratio of Clinical Cardiologists to Cardiac Rehabilitation Specialists is 94:1, and the ratio of Intervention Specialists to cardiac rehabilitation experts is 16:1. Cardiac rehabilitation activities and costs varied widely. Patient's dropout rate in phase II was 12%. Several barriers were identified: financial crisis (83%), lack of skilled personnel (67%), deficient equipment (46%), inadequate areas (42%) and a reduced number of operating centers (38%). CRPs in Mexico are still in the process of maturing. Mexican CRP-centers have several strengths like the quality of the education of the professionals and multidisciplinary programs. However, the lack of reference of patients and the heterogeneity of procedures are still their main weaknesses. Copyright © 2016 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  6. Repair, Evaluation, Maintenance, and Rehabilitation Research Program: Elements of Floating-Debris Control Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-01

    a variety of materials from plastic bottles to sage brush, but it is t’quialy wood in soiw shape or form--from whole trees to lawn furniture. The...REPAIR, EVALUATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REHABILITATION’RESEARCH PROGRAM TECHNICAL REPORT REMVR-HY-3 ELEMENTS O F FLOATING- DEBRIS CONTROL SYSTEMS’ by...TITLE (Include Security Classification) Elements of Floating- Debris Control Systems 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) Perham, Roscoe E. 13a. TYPE OF REPORT 13b TIME

  7. Fatigue in patients with COPD participating in a pulmonary rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cindy J Wong

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Cindy J Wong1, Donna Goodridge1, Darcy D Marciniuk2, Donna Rennie1,31College of Nursing, 2College of Medicine, 3Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, CanadaBackground: Fatigue is a distressing, complex, multidimensional sensation common in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. While fatigue negatively impacts functional performance and quality of life, there has been little study of the fatigue that affects participants in pulmonary rehabilitation programs. The purpose of this study was to examine the emotional, behavioral, cognitive, and physical dimensions of fatigue and their relationships to dyspnea, mental health, sleep, and physiologic factors.Patients and methods: A convenience sample of 42 pulmonary rehabilitation participants with COPD completed self-report questionnaires which measured dimensions of fatigue using the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory, anxiety and depression using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Data on other clinical variables were abstracted from pulmonary rehabilitation program health records.Results: Almost all (95.3% participants experienced high levels of physical fatigue. High levels of fatigue were also reported for the dimensions of reduced activity (88.1%, reduced motivation (83.3%, mental fatigue (69.9%, and general fatigue (54.5%. Close to half (42.9% of participants reported symptoms of anxiety, while almost one quarter (21.4% reported depressive symptoms. Age was related to the fatigue dimensions of reduced activity (ρ = 0.43, P < 0.01 and reduced motivation (ρ = 0.31, P < 0.05. Anxiety was related to reduced motivation (ρ = -0.47, P < 0.01. Fatigue was not associated with symptoms of depression, sleep quality, gender, supplemental oxygen use, smoking status, or Medical Research Council dyspnea scores.Conclusions: Fatigue (particularly the physical and

  8. Changes in the Cardiopulmonary Response to Exercise after Cardiac Transplantation in Patients Enrolled in an Early Rehabilitation Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lizanne M Bussières

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in the cardiopulmonary response to exercise in the first year after cardiac transplantation in patients enrolled in a rehabilitation program in the first three months post-transplantation.

  9. The Effectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Group Rehabilitation Program on the Psychosocial Functioning of Elderly People Who Are Visually Impaired

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alma, Manna A.; Groothoff, Johan W.; Melis-Dankers, Bart J. M.; Suurmeijer, Theodorus; van der Mei, Sijrike F.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The pilot study reported here determined the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary group rehabilitation program, Visually Impaired Elderly Persons Participating (VIPP), on psychosocial functioning. Methods: The single-group pretest-posttest pilot study included 29 persons with visual

  10. The Effectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Group Rehabilitation Program on the Psychosocial Functioning of Elderly People Who Are Visually Impaired

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alma, Manna A.; Groothoff, Johan W.; Melis-Dankers, Bart J. M.; Suurmeijer, Theodorus; van der Mei, Sijrike F.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The pilot study reported here determined the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary group rehabilitation program, Visually Impaired Elderly Persons Participating (VIPP), on psychosocial functioning. Methods: The single-group pretest-posttest pilot study included 29 persons with visual im

  11. Postpartum pelvic floor muscle strength change and its influencing factors as well as rehabilitation efficacy%产后盆底肌力改变与妊娠影响因素及康复治疗效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖颖; 徐志强

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the change of pelvic floor muscles strength and pregnant influencing factors and to observe the curative effect of electrical stimulation combined with biofeedback rehabilitation therapy on puerperal pelvic floor muscles.Methods Totally 510 primiparas, delivering during the period of November 2011 to November 2012 in Tongren Hospital and treated by pelvic floor muscle screening within 6 weeks after delivery, were grouped according to delivery mode and neonatal birth weight.The change of pelvic floor muscles strength and pregnant influencing factors were analyzed from these two aspects.In the early postpartum time, puerperas were treated by Kegel training combined with electrical stimulation and biofeedback rehabilitation therapy, and the clinical curative effect was observed.Results Abnormal rates of both typeⅠand II muscle fiber strength in low birth weight group were significantly higher than in normal birth weight group (χ2 value was 9.332 and 9.917, respectively, both P 0.05).After rehabilitation treatment including Kegel Training, biological feedback and electrical stimulation for 400 cases with abnormal muscle fiber strength, voltage of pelvic floor typeⅠand typeⅡmuscle fiber were improved significantly ( t value was 27.456 and 25.067, respectively, both P<0.001).Conclusion Delivery mode has no effect on postpartum pelvic floor muscle strength, but neonatal birth weight affects it.Postpartum early rehabilitation treatment has good curative effect on pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation.%目的:对产妇产后盆底肌力改变及其妊娠影响因素进行分析,并在产后早期对产妇进行盆底肌电刺激联合生物反馈的康复治疗,观察其疗效。方法将2011年11月至2012年11月于上海交通大学医学院附属同仁医院生产并于产后6周内进行盆底肌力筛查的510例初产妇以分娩方式分组(新生儿体重正常者)以及以新生儿体重对产妇分组,分别从这两方面

  12. 产后阴道松弛应用盆底功能康复治疗效果观察%The Observation of the Postpartum Vaginal Relaxation Function of Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦艳丽; 黄宝宁

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察产后阴道松弛应用盆底功能康复治疗的效果。方法:采用自体对照研究,应用盆底功能康复对我院妇科门诊2012年1月-2013年12月97例产后阴道松弛患者进行治疗,采用盆底康复治疗仪压力治疗头于治疗前、后检测阴道Ⅰ类肌和Ⅱ类肌,并应用自行设计的调查问卷评价治疗前、后患者性生活满意度。结果:治疗前患者盆底Ⅰ类肌和Ⅱ类肌Ⅳ~Ⅴ级构成比例仅为23.71%和20.62%,治疗后Ⅰ类肌和Ⅱ类肌Ⅳ~Ⅴ级构成比例均提高到38.14%,盆底肌力有不同程度提高( P<0.05);治疗后患者阴道静息压、阴道收缩压均较治疗前明显提高,阴道收缩时间较治疗前明显延长( P<0.05)。盆底功能康复治疗前无1例对性生活满意,基本满意率仅为12.37%;治疗后12个月,患者性生活满意度为22.68%,基本满意度为48.45%,性生活质量评分较治疗前明显提高( P<0.05)。结论:盆底功能康复治疗可显著提高盆底肌力,促进阴道壁组织张力恢复,提高性生活满意度。%Objective :To observe the effect of postpartum vaginal relaxation of pelvic floor function application effect of rehabilitation therapy .Methods :Used the comparative study of autologous ,January 2012 to December 2013 97 cases of postpartum vaginal relaxation were treated using function of pelvic floor rehabilitation treatment of outpatient de‐partment in ,by the pelvic floor rehabilitation therapy for the treatment of head pressure determined before and after the treatment of class Ⅰand class Ⅱvaginal muscle muscle ,before and after the application of self‐designed questionnaire and evaluation of the treatment of sexual life in patients with satisfaction .Results:Before treatment in patients with pel‐vic class Ⅰand class Ⅱmuscle muscle Ⅳ ~ Ⅴ grade proportion is only 23 .71% and 20 .62% ,after treatment of class

  13. Patients' perceptions of their roles in goal setting in a spinal cord injury regional rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draaistra, Harriett; Singh, Mina D; Ireland, Sandra; Harper, Theresa

    2012-01-01

    Goal setting is a common practice in rehabilitation, yet there is a paucity of literature exploring patients' perceptions of their roles in this process. This study was conducted using a qualitative descriptive methodology to explore patients' perceptions of their roles in setting goals in a spinal cord injury regional rehabilitation program. Imogene King's theory of goal attainment was used to frame the study. Data were collected through interviews and analyzed using a content analysis. The results revealed four themes: Visioning, Redefining, Brainstorming, and Rebuilding Participants (n = 13) envisioned their roles as setting an overarching priority goal, defining detailed rehabilitation goals, sharing knowledge with the team, and rebuilding skills to attain goals. Implications for nursing practice include the need to understand patients' experiences and perceptions, share knowledge, and support effective communication to promote collaborative goal setting. A need to enhance health professionals' education to fully understand factors influencing patients' abilities to set rehabilitation goals, and future research in methods to promote patients' engagement in goal setting was also clearly indicated.

  14. Action Plan to Improve State Examination Results. Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Program. Cienfuegos, 2008-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cristina Núñez Martínez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: the analysis of the state examination results in the 21 programs of the Health Technology undergraduate studies in the province of Cienfuegos during the 2008-2010 academic years showed four programs with largest number of failing students. Among them, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation had the highest failure rates in the 2009-2010 academic year. Objective: to implement an action plan to improve academic performance of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation students on the theoretical exercise of the state examination. Methods: a before-after intervention study was conducted from September 2008 to July 2012. It included 52 students who failed the written state examination and 100% of the students who took the exam in the 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 academic years to whom the plan was applied. Results: an improvement plan validated by experts was developed. It included actions that had an impact on low academic performance on the theoretical exercise of the state examination, as well as on the shortcomings of the design and implementation of the evaluation system. The quality of results on state examinations improved after putting the action plan into practice. Conclusion: this action plan allowed changing the unfavorable performance on state examinations in the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation program during the 2008-2010 period.

  15. Impact of activities in self-esteem of patients in a pulmonary rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Juliana Nascimento de; Tavares, Cecilia Melo Rosa; Squassoni, Selma Denis; Machado, Nadine Cristina; Cordoni, Priscila Kessar; Bortolassi, Luciene Costa; Lapa, Mônica Silveira; Fiss, Elie

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate self-esteem and self-image of respiratory diseases patients in a Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program, who participated in socialization and physical fitness activities, and of patients who participated only in physical fitness sessions. A descriptive cross-sectional exploratory study. Out of a total of 60 patients analyzed, all enrolled in the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program, 42 participated in at least one of the proposed activities, 10 did not participate in any activity and 8 were excluded (7 were discharged and 1 died). When the two groups were compared, despite the fact that both demonstrated low self-esteem and self-image, the difference between them was relevant (pself-esteem, indicating that those who participated in the proposed socialization activities had better self-esteem than the individuals who only did the physical fitness sessions. Regarding self-image, the difference between the groups was not relevant (p>0.05). The Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program patients evaluated presented low self-esteem and self-image; however, those carrying out some socialization activity proposed had better self-esteem as compared to the individuals who did only the physical fitness sessions.

  16. Principles of creation of complex physical rehabilitation program for children after cochlear implantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zastavna O.M.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to elucidate main principles of complex physical rehabilitation program for senior pre-school age children after cochlear implantation. Material: 40 hard hearing children of senior pre-school (main group were tested. Main group №1 consisted of hard hearing children (10 boys and 11 girls, who did not underwent cochlear implantation and learned by program of pre-school educational establishment for hard-hearing children. Main group №2 consisted of 19 children after cochlear implantation, registered at oral-aural specialists (10 boys and 9 girls. For them the author’s program of physical rehabilitation was worked out. Comparison group consisted of 40 children with normal hearing (18 boys and 22 girls. Effectiveness of the worked out program was assessed by parameters of physical and psycho-motor condition, by children’s physical qualities. Results: the offered program of children’s physical rehabilitation was developed on the base of assessment of physical and psycho-motor condition, physical fitness. The program is of complex character and includes the following elements: domestic habilitation, kinetisotherapy methodic (morning hygienic exercises, Yoga for children, health related training complex, fit-ball training, breathing and articulation exercises, massage (general, speech therapy massage, hardening. Conclusions: Complex character of the worked out program implies diverse influence on different disorders in children’s organisms. All these are realized against the background of main etiological factor of these changes (deafness removal. Such approach results in improvement of children’s condition, their quicker socialization and possibility to study in comprehensive school in due time.

  17. Final priorities; Rehabilitation Services Administration--Capacity Building Program for Traditionally Underserved Populations--vocational rehabilitation training institute for the preparation of personnel in American Indian Vocation Rehabilitation Services projects. Final priorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-14

    The Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services announces two priorities under the Capacity Building Program for Traditionally Underserved Populations administered by the Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA). The Assistant Secretary may use one or more of these priorities for competitions in fiscal year (FY) 2014 and later years. Priority 1 establishes a new vocational rehabilitation (VR) training institute for the preparation of personnel in American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services (AIVRS) projects (the Institute). Priority 2 requires a partnership between a four-year institution of higher education (IHE) and a two-year community college or tribal college. This partnership is designed to successfully implement the VR training Institute established in Priority 1. In addition, the partnership agreement required under Priority 2 provides a brief description of how the partnership will be managed, the partners' roles and responsibilities and a strategy for sustaining the partnership after the Federal investment ends.

  18. Rehabilitation in COPD: the long-term effect of a supervised 7-week program succeeded by a self-monitored walking program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, T; Brøndum, E; Martinez, G;

    2008-01-01

    Questionnaire (SGRQ) at baseline, 0, 3, and 12 months after the program. Sixty-eight (32.5%) patients did not attend the 1-year follow-up. Among the 141 patients who competed the 1-year evaluation, the initial improvement after the 7-week program in the ESWT time was 180 s or 101% (p = 0.001) and in SGRQ 3......Pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves exercise tolerance and health status, however, these effects have been shown to decline after termination of the rehabilitation program. This study has examined the long-term effect of a 7-week supervised...... rehabilitation program combined with daily self-monitored training at home on exercise tolerance and health status. Two hundred and nine consecutive COPD patients who had completed a 7-week pulmonary rehabilitation program were assessed with endurance shuttle walk test (ESWT) and the St George's Respiratory...

  19. A nurse-led long-term pelvic floor muscle training program in the management of female patients with overactive bladder – A study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tu-Zhen Xu

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: A nurse-led long-term (6 months pelvic floor muscle training program may alleviate OAB symptoms effectively and improve the quality of life more than a short term (3 months pelvic floor muscle training program combined with solifenacin succinate tablets.

  20. Skill development and capacity building program for best practices in rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solway, Sherra; Velji, Karima

    2010-01-01

    There is a growing body of literature on evidence-based decision-making and best practice development and the skills required for these approaches to influence decisions. A skill development and capacity building (SDCB) program was implemented in 2004 to facilitate the application of clinical best practices in a hospital specializing in adult rehabilitation and complex continuing care. This article describes the pilot program and its evaluation and provides a five-year review of initiatives developed as a result of this program. This innovative program facilitated cross-learning, integration of research, education and practice and brought about positive change for clinical best practice. This program may serve as a model to facilitate best practice and knowledge translation in other healthcare environments by supporting and assisting clinicians in attaining the skills necessary for clinical best practice.

  1. 产后盆底康复锻炼对女性盆底功能障碍性疾病的预防作用%Postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation on prevention of female pelvic floor dysfunction:a multicenter prospective randomized controlled study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙智晶; 苏园园; 房桂英; 杨梅; 刘娟; 马志敏; 朱兰; 郎景和; 张业武; 刘桂芝; 陈晓春; 冯嵩芝; 张菊新姚宇红; 张洁

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation on the improvement of pelvic floor electrical physiological indexes and the prevention of female pelvic floor dysfunction in China. Methods A multicenter prospective randomized controlled study was carried out. From October 2011, postpartum women in five provinces were randomly assigned into treatment group and control group. The women in treatment group received electrical stimulation and biofeedback treatment. The women in control group performed pelvic floor muscle exercise at home. When 6 months and 12 months after delivery, comparing two groups of patients with pelvic floor electrical physiological indexes and pelvic organ prolapse quantitation measurements (POP-Q), to evaluate the effect of postpartum pelvic floor rehabilitation on the prevention of pelvic floor dysfunction. Pelvic floor impact questionnaire short form (PFIQ-7) and pelvic organ prolapse/incontinence sexual questionnaire-12 (PISQ-12) were used to evaluate the influence on quality of life and sexual life. Results Until June 2013, 324 women were participated, 124 in control group, 200 in treatment group. According to the baseline results, there was statistical significance in the results of pelvic floor electrical physiological indexes between the treatment and control groups in postpartum 6 months and 12 months; the proportion above level Ⅲ of type Ⅰ and type Ⅱ muscle fibers strength in the treatment group, it was from 41.5% (83/200) and 40.5% (81/200) to 76.3% (145/190) and 79.5% (151/190) in postpartum 6 weeks and postpartum 6 months, increased to 80.6%(58/72) and 80.6%(58/72) in postpartum 12 months, improved significantly comparing with the control group (P0.05). There was no significant difference in the questionnaires in quality of life and quality of sexual life (P>0.05). Conclusion Neuromuscular electrical stimulation and biofeedback therapy in the early postpartum period could obviously improve pelvic floor electrical

  2. Do some of physiotherapy and rehabilitation programs improve the health state of patients suffering from cerebral clot?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayad OMAR

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Cerebral stroke represents one of the most important diseases resulting from blood clot in the middle cerebral artery, this is due to atherosclerotic clot and the brain has area of deprived blood , therefore blood becomes unable to pass the clot, in this case leads to total or partial paralysis. Rehabilitation programs are one of the most effective therapies for cerebral stroke. These pr ograms include rehabilitation exercises, therapeutic massage and kinet otherapy. The present study deals with the application of organized rehabilitation program and identify it's effect on the movement system and joints. This study examined the effect of rehabilitation program to improve the efficiency of the Locomotor system of patient who complain of cerebral stroke.

  3. Developing a Virtual Reality-Based Vocational Rehabilitation Training Program for Patients with Schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohn, Bo Kyung; Hwang, Jae Yeon; Park, Su Mi; Choi, Jung-Seok; Lee, Jun-Young; Lee, Ji Yeuon; Jung, Hee-Yeon

    2016-11-01

    Maintaining employment is difficult for patients with schizophrenia because of deterioration of psychosocial and cognitive functions. Such patients usually require vocational rehabilitation training, which is both demanding and costly. In this study, we developed a virtual reality-based vocational rehabilitation training program (VR-VRTP) for such patients and evaluated its feasibility as an alternative to traditional rehabilitation programs. We developed the VR-VRTP to include various situations commonly encountered in two types of occupations: convenience store employee and supermarket clerk. We developed practical situations, as well as a system for providing feedback, to ensure patients would not lose interest during training. Nine participants each performed the VR-VRTP repeatedly per week for a total of 8 weeks. At baseline and after training, all participants were evaluated using the following clinical and neuropsychological tests: Manchester Scale, Clinical Global Impression, Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Zung Depression Rating Scale, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Stroop Test, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (RCFT), and Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT). After training, patient scores improved on the PSP, general symptoms on the Manchester Scale, AVLT, and delayed recall on the RCFT. The Manchester positive symptom score showed a trend of improvement. No significant changes were observed for other measures. The VR-VRTP may improve general psychosocial function and memory, potentially influencing real-world vocational performance. These findings provide preliminary evidence regarding the utility of the VR-VRTP in patients with schizophrenia.

  4. Health-Improving Rehabilitation Program of Pysical Education at Higher School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Naskalov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The research is aimed to explore the efficiency of innovative technologies and increase the health-improving effect as a result of physical training in ecologically unfavorable conditions. A health-improving rehabilitation program, containing a set of modern means of physical rehabilitation and recreation in combination with physical exercises, was worked out to carry out the pedagogical experiment. The program includes the hydromassage, stretching exercises with biomechanical stimulation and exercises for developing weightlifting abilities. Apart from this, the interval hypoxic training was used in ‘artificially created’ favorable ecological conditions for detoxication. The students at Polotsk State University took part in the experiment. Among the assessment criteria applied by the author, there are generally acknowledged methods identifying the development of physical qualities, external respiration functions, body fat and other components composition. The experiment revealed that the innovative program had enhanced the health-improving effect compared to the traditional training programs, which was expressed by the statistically valid increase of the students’ speed- strength characteristics, flexibility, external respiration functions as well as the body fat decrease. Therefore, in order to increase a health-improving effect of physical training, the author recommends considering the specific ecological and hygienic conditions of a particular region to create the corresponding programs for group and individual health protection and recovery. The research findings can be used in physical education process at universities situated in the regions with unfavorable ecological conditions. 

  5. Transforming cardiac rehabilitation into broad-based healthy lifestyle programs to combat noncommunicable disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arena, Ross; Lavie, Carl J; Cahalin, Lawrence P; Briggs, Paige D; Guizilini, Solange; Daugherty, John; Chan, Wai-Man; Borghi-Silva, Audrey

    2016-01-01

    The current incidence and prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is currently a cause for great concern on a global scale; future projections are no less disconcerting. Unhealthy lifestyle patterns are at the core of the NCD crisis; physical inactivity, excess body mass, poor nutrition and tobacco use are the primary lifestyle factors that substantially increase the risk of developing one or more NCDs. We have now come to recognize that healthy lifestyle interventions are a medical necessity that should be prescribed to all individuals. Perhaps the most well-established model for healthy lifestyle interventions in the current healthcare model is cardiac rehabilitation. To have any hope of improving the outlook for NCDs on a global scale, what is currently known as cardiac rehabilitation must transform into broad-based healthy lifestyle programing, with a shifted focus on primordial and primary prevention.

  6. Medicare program; inpatient rehabilitation facility prospective payment system for federal fiscal year 2014. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    This final rule updates the prospective payment rates for inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) for federal fiscal year (FY) 2014 (for discharges occurring on or after October 1, 2013 and on or before September 30, 2014) as required by the statute. This final rule also revised the list of diagnosis codes that may be counted toward an IRF's "60 percent rule'' compliance calculation to determine "presumptive compliance,'' update the IRF facility-level adjustment factors using an enhanced estimation methodology, revise sections of the Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility-Patient Assessment Instrument, revise requirements for acute care hospitals that have IRF units, clarify the IRF regulation text regarding limitation of review, update references to previously changed sections in the regulations text, and revise and update quality measures and reporting requirements under the IRF quality reporting program.

  7. Vocational rehabilitation and employment program--changes to subsistence allowance. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    This document adopts as final, without change, the interim final rule amending regulations of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to reflect changes made by the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Improvements Act of 2010, effective August 1, 2011, that affect payment of vocational rehabilitation benefits for certain service-disabled veterans. Pursuant to these changes, a veteran, who is eligible for a subsistence allowance under chapter 31 of title 38, United States Code, and educational assistance under chapter 33 of title 38, United States Code, may participate in a rehabilitation program under chapter 31 and elect to receive a payment equal in amount to an applicable military housing allowance payable under title 37, United States Code, instead of the regular subsistence allowance under chapter 31. In addition, payments of subsistence allowances during periods between school terms are discontinued, and payments during periods of temporary school closings are modified.

  8. [The effectiveness of physical therapy methods (Bobath and motor relearning program) in rehabilitation of stroke patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krutulyte, Grazina; Kimtys, Algimantas; Krisciūnas, Aleksandras

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether two different physiotherapy regimes caused any differences in outcome in the rehabilitation after stroke. We examined 240 patients with stroke. Examination was carried out at the Rehabilitation Center of Kaunas Second Clinical Hospital. Patients were divided into 2 groups: Bobath method was applied to the first (I) group (n=147), motor relearning program (MRP) method was applied to the second (II) group (n=93). In every group of patients we established samples according to sex, age, hospitalization to rehab unit as occurrence of CVA degree of disorder (hemiplegia, hemiparesis). The mobility of patients was evaluated according to European Federation for Research in Rehabilitation (EFRR) scale. Activities of daily living were evaluated by Barthel index. Analyzed groups were evaluated before physical therapy. When preliminary analysis was carried out it proved no statically reliable differences between analyzed groups (reliability 95%). The same statistical analysis was carried out after physical therapy. The results of differences between patient groups were compared using chi(2) method. Bobath method was applied working with the first group of patients. The aim of the method is to improve quality of the affected body side's movements in order to keep both sides working as harmoniously as possible. While applying this method at work, physical therapist guides patient's body on key-points, stimulating normal postural reactions, and training normal movement pattern. MRP method was used while working with the second group patients. This method is based on movement science, biomechanics and training of functional movement. Program is based on idea that movement pattern shouldn't be trained; it must be relearned. CONCLUSION. This study indicates that physiotherapy with task-oriented strategies represented by MRP, is preferable to physiotherapy with facilitation/inhibition strategies, such the Bobath programme, in the

  9. Multiple therapeutic methods of electromyographic-feedback and pelvic floor muscle training assisted the func-tional rehabilitation of pelvic floor muscles in the postpartum period of the primiparas%生物反馈电刺激结合盆底肌训练疗法对产后盆底肌功能康复效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓霞; 夏泳; 郑琳

    2012-01-01

    Objective The primiparas in the postpartum period were treated by the multiple therapeutic methods of electromyographic-feedback and pelvic floor muscle training. Base on the parameter of the maximum muscle voltage and the average muscle voltage in the physiology state of 60s continuous contraction of pelvic floor muscle, the therapeutic effect on the functional rehabilitation of pelvic floor muscles was evaluated. Methods 60 primiparas were randomly divided into a treated group (n = 28) and a control group (n = 32). Pelvic floor muscle of primiparas in the treated group was remedied by the multiple therapeutic methods of electromyographic-feedback and pelvic floor muscle training. While primiparas in the control group were not done any treatment except for knowledge dissemination about the sex health and the function injury of pelvic floor muscle imposed by pregnancy and parturition. Both the maximum muscle voltage and the average muscle voltage in the physiology state of 60s continuous contraction of 60 primiparas'pelvic floor muscle were measured at 42 days postpartum and 90 days postpartum, respectively. Results Both the maximum muscle voltage and the average muscle voltage in the physiology slate of 60s continuous contraction of pelvic floor muscle in the treated group were increased higher than that of the control group. There was significant difference between the treated group and the control group (P <0.05). Conclusions II is the multiple therapeutic methods of electromyographic-feedback and pelvic floor muscle training thai effectively promote the functional rehabilitation of pelvic Door muscles in the earty postpailuin period of the primiparas. The parameter with the maximum muscle voltage and the average muscle voltage in the physiology state of 60s continuous contraction of pelvic floor muscle is objective.%目的 评价生物反馈电刺激结合盆底肌训练治疗法对初产妇产后盆底肌功能康复的效果,以及以盆底肌最大肌电

  10. A Pilates exercise program with pelvic floor muscle contraction: Is it effective for pregnant women? A randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Naiara T; Ferreira, Letícia R; Fernandes, Mariana G; Resende, Ana Paula M; Pereira-Baldon, Vanessa S

    2017-05-23

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a Pilates exercise program with pelvic floor muscle (PFM) contraction compared to a conventional intervention in pregnant women. Fifty primiparous women, without gestational alterations, were randomized to the Pilates group (n = 25) and control group (n = 25). Interventions for both groups consisted of twice-weekly sessions of 1 h each during the period between the 14-16th and 32-34th gestational weeks. The Pilates group performed a Pilates exercises program with the addition of voluntary PFM contraction. Mat-based Pilates exercises were performed involving movement of the upper limbs, lower limbs and trunk in all sessions. The Control group walked for 10 min and performed strengthening exercises of the lower limbs, upper limbs, and trunk with resistance from an elastic band and body weight. Each woman was evaluated by an unblinded physiotherapist before and after intervention for primary (PFM strength using a manometer) and secondary (PFM strength using Oxford Scale, endurance and repeatability) outcomes. Covariance analysis (ANCOVA) was used to compare the groups using the baseline values as a covariate. Thirty-six women were included in the analysis. There were no differences between the groups for manometry. An increase in the PFM strength, endurance, and repeatability was only observed in the Pilates group. In addition, the Pilates group showed greater adherence to the intervention. Pilates exercise program with PFM contraction is not able to change the PFM strength assessed by manometer in pregnant women, but it improved adherence to the intervention. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Discuss the Program of Underground Garage Floor%浅谈地下车库底板方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴顺宏

    2013-01-01

    In the high cost of urban construction, the area of underground garage is becoming bigger and bigger, the depth is increasing deeper and the design ideas are bigger and broa-der. There are many types of garages, such as single and multi--storey garage, ful underground and semi-underground garage, and mechanical parking garage and so on. In this article, the author elaborates the advantages and disadvantages of several sets of programs and the cost underground garage floor design.%地下车库在寸土寸金的城市建设中,面积越做越大,深度越做越深,设计思路也越做越宽广。有单层车库多层车库,有全地下车库半地下车库,有机械停车库等。笔者就地下车库底板设计的多套方案优缺点及造价作浅要的阐述。

  12. 77 FR 8234 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and Rehabilitation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ... National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research... Disability and Rehabilitation Research-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program-- Disability and Rehabilitation Research Project--Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability...

  13. Do supervised weekly exercise programs maintain functional exercise capacity and quality of life, twelve months after pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison Jennifer A

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pulmonary rehabilitation programs have been shown to increase functional exercise capacity and quality of life in COPD patients. However, following the completion of pulmonary rehabilitation the benefits begin to decline unless the program is of longer duration or ongoing maintenance exercise is followed. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine if supervised, weekly, hospital-based exercise compared to home exercise will maintain the benefits gained from an eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation program in COPD subjects to twelve months. Methods Following completion of an eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation program, COPD subjects will be recruited and randomised (using concealed allocation in numbered envelopes into either the maintenance exercise group (supervised, weekly, hospital-based exercise or the control group (unsupervised home exercise and followed for twelve months. Measurements will be taken at baseline (post an eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation program, three, six and twelve months. The exercise measurements will include two six-minute walk tests, two incremental shuttle walk tests, and two endurance shuttle walk tests. Oxygen saturation, heart rate and dyspnoea will be monitored during all these tests. Quality of life will be measured using the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Participants will be excluded if they require supplemental oxygen or have neurological or musculoskeletal co-morbidities that will prevent them from exercising independently. Discussion Pulmonary rehabilitation plays an important part in the management of COPD and the results from this study will help determine if supervised, weekly, hospital-based exercise can successfully maintain functional exercise capacity and quality of life following an eight-week pulmonary rehabilitation program in COPD subjects in Australia.

  14. Medicare Program; Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System for Federal Fiscal Year 2017. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-05

    This final rule will update the prospective payment rates for inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) for federal fiscal year (FY) 2017 as required by the statute. As required by section 1886(j)(5) of the Act, this rule includes the classification and weighting factors for the IRF prospective payment system's (IRF PPS's) case-mix groups and a description of the methodologies and data used in computing the prospective payment rates for FY 2017. This final rule also revises and updates quality measures and reporting requirements under the IRF quality reporting program (QRP).

  15. Rehabilitation of reading in older individuals with macular degeneration: a review of effective training programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pijnacker, Judith; Verstraten, Peter; van Damme, Wim; Vandermeulen, Jo; Steenbergen, Bert

    2011-11-01

    Macular degeneration (MD) is the most common cause of visual impairment among older adults. It severely affects reading performance. People with MD have to rely on peripheral vision for reading. In this review, we considered several training programs that aim to improve peripheral reading, with a focus on eccentric viewing, oculomotor control, or perceptual learning. There was no strong support in favor of one particular training method for rehabilitation of reading in MD, but there is evidence that older individuals with MD can be trained to improve reading performance, even within limited time.

  16. Changes in quality of life in patients with severe traumatic brain injury after a rehabilitation program

    OpenAIRE

    González, Diana; Giraldo, Carolina; Ramírez, Diana; Quijano, María

    2012-01-01

    Quality of Life (QoL) is considered as the subjective well-being perceived by each person about his or her reality, in the biological, psychological and social aspects. In the context of health, QoL reflects a patient´s subjective view of their illness, treatment and the impact it has on their lives. The aim of this study was to identify changes in the QoL of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) with attentional disorders, after attending a rehabilitation program. It is a case stu...

  17. Attitude toward the out-patient cardiac rehabilitation program and facilitators for maintenance of exercise behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Eliza M L; Zhong, Xue Bing; Sit, Janet W H; Chair, Sek Ying; Leung, Doris Y P; Leung, Carmen; Leung, K C

    2016-09-01

    This study examined the attitudes of Chinese patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) toward the outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program (OCRP), as well as their exercise behavior, intention, maintenance and related factors. A qualitative descriptive study design was used, and 22 CHD patients were recruited in Hong Kong in 2014. In-depth interviews and content analyses were conducted. The tripartite model of attitudes was adopted as research framework. Two themes were identified: (1) informant attitude (perception, affection, and practice) toward the OCRP and (2) Exercise Behavior - intention, maintenance and its related factors. Most informants showed positive perception and affection regarding the outpatient rehabilitation program, leading to regular practice of exercise in the program and at home. Peer, group dynamic, social support and Chinese culture influences on exercise behavior may serve as major facilitators to maintain exercise behavior. Positive attitude toward the OCRP enhanced the participation rate, whereas peer and social support from the family and workplace were useful to improve the maintenance of exercise behavior. Overall, this study provides insights into strategic planning for the OCRP and continual support for CHD patients in the community.

  18. Cardiac rehabilitation outcomes following a 6-week program of PCI and CABG Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herbert F Jelinek

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery events requiring intervention are associated with depressed cardiac autonomic function. Whether a 6-week cardiac rehabilitation (CR differs in effectiveness in improving exercise capacity (6MWT, cardiorespiratory function (peakVO2 and autonomic function (HRV following either cardiac bypass surgery (CABG or percutaneous coronary revascularization (PCI is unknown. The current study therefore compared the change in 6MWT and peak VO2 to HRV variables following a 6-week cardiac rehabilitation program and with patients having either PCI or CABG. Thirty-eight patients, (PCI, n=22 and CABG, n=16 participated in the CR program and results for pre and post six minute walk test (6MWT, peakVO2 and heart rate variability (HRV were obtained. Our study has shown that a six weeks program following either PCI or CABG improves function. However the effect on post-CABG differs to that of post-PCI patients. The change in distance walked (6MWT, metres was higher in the CABG (Δ6MWT: 61, p

  19. The Recovery Process When Participating in Cancer Support and Rehabilitation Programs in Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Melin-Johansson

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to illuminate the meaning of participating in support and rehabilitation programs described by people diagnosed with cancer. Nineteen persons were interviewed in focus groups and face-to-face. Data were analyzed with a qualitative phenomenological hermeneutical method for researching lived experiences. Interpretation proceeded through three phases: naïve reading, structural analysis, and comprehensive understanding. Three themes were disclosed: receiving support for recovery when being most vulnerable, recapturing capabilities through supportive activities, and searching to find stability and well-being in a changed life situation. Participating in the programs was an existential transition from living in an unpredictable situation that was turned into something meaningful. Recovery did not mean the return to a state of normality; rather, it meant a continuing recovery from cancer treatments and symptoms involving recapturing capabilities and searching for a balance in a forever changed life. This study provides new insights about the experiences of participating in cancer support and rehabilitation programs.

  20. Treatment of short bowel syndrome in children. Value of the Intestinal Rehabilitation Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tannuri, Uenis; Barros, Fabio de; Tannuri, Ana Cristina Aoun

    2016-09-01

    The main cause of acute intestinal failure is short bowel syndrome, generally as a result of resection of extensive segments of small intestine. As a result, the main symptoms are watery diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, chronic malnutrition, and death, if the patient is not properly treated. If the length of the remaining intestine is greater than 30 cm, complete adaptation is possible and the patient may not require parenteral nutrition. The currently recommended treatment includes the use of prolonged parenteral nutrition and enteral nutrition, always aimed at constant weight gain, in conjunction with surgeries aimed at elongating the dilated bowel. This set of procedures constitutes what is called an Intestinal Rehabilitation Program. This therapy was used in 16 children in periods ranging from 8 months to 7.5 years, with survival in 75% of the cases. Finally, the last resort to be used in children with complete resection of the small bowel is an intestinal transplant. However, to date there is no record of a Brazilian child that has survived this procedure, despite it being attempted in seven patients. We conclude that the results of the intestinal rehabilitation program are encouraging for the continuation of this type of treatment and stimulate the creation of the program in other pediatric care institutions.

  1. Treatment of short bowel syndrome in children. Value of the Intestinal Rehabilitation Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uenis Tannuri

    Full Text Available Summary The main cause of acute intestinal failure is short bowel syndrome, generally as a result of resection of extensive segments of small intestine. As a result, the main symptoms are watery diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, chronic malnutrition, and death, if the patient is not properly treated. If the length of the remaining intestine is greater than 30 cm, complete adaptation is possible and the patient may not require parenteral nutrition. The currently recommended treatment includes the use of prolonged parenteral nutrition and enteral nutrition, always aimed at constant weight gain, in conjunction with surgeries aimed at elongating the dilated bowel. This set of procedures constitutes what is called an Intestinal Rehabilitation Program. This therapy was used in 16 children in periods ranging from 8 months to 7.5 years, with survival in 75% of the cases. Finally, the last resort to be used in children with complete resection of the small bowel is an intestinal transplant. However, to date there is no record of a Brazilian child that has survived this procedure, despite it being attempted in seven patients. We conclude that the results of the intestinal rehabilitation program are encouraging for the continuation of this type of treatment and stimulate the creation of the program in other pediatric care institutions.

  2. The Recovery Process When Participating in Cancer Support and Rehabilitation Programs in Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Melin-Johansson

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to illuminate the meaning of participating in support and rehabilitation programs described by people diagnosed with cancer. Nineteen persons were interviewed in focus groups and face-to-face. Data were analyzed with a qualitative phenomenological hermeneutical method for researching lived experiences. Interpretation proceeded through three phases: naïve reading, structural analysis, and comprehensive understanding. Three themes were disclosed: receiving support for recovery when being most vulnerable, recapturing capabilities through supportive activities, and searching to find stability and well-being in a changed life situation. Participating in the programs was an existential transition from living in an unpredictable situation that was turned into something meaningful. Recovery did not mean the return to a state of normality; rather, it meant a continuing recovery from cancer treatments and symptoms involving recapturing capabilities and searching for a balance in a forever changed life. This study provides new insights about the experiences of participating in cancer support and rehabilitation programs.

  3. Cardiac rehabilitation programs improve metabolic parameters in patients with the metabolic syndrome and coronary heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez, Ignacio P; Zapata, Maria A; Cervantes, Carlos E; Jarabo, Rosario M; Grande, Cristina; Plaza, Rose; Garcia, Sara; Rodriguez, Miriam L; Crespo, Silvia; Perea, Jesús

    2010-05-01

    This study was performed to determine the effectiveness of a cardiac rehabilitation and exercise training program on metabolic parameters and coronary risk factors in patients with the metabolic syndrome and coronary heart disease. The study involved 642 patients with coronary heart disease. Of them, 171 (26.7%) fulfilled criteria for the metabolic syndrome. Clinical data, laboratory tests, and exercise testing were performed before and after the program, which lasted 2 to 3 months. Except for waist circumference, there were no significant differences between groups; blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting glucose improvements during the follow-up were higher in patients with the metabolic syndrome (all Pmetabolic syndrome, functional capacity increased by 26.45% ( Pmetabolic equivalents, with a slight increase of 1.25% ( P=not significant) in the double product. Patients with the metabolic syndrome who took part in this secondary prevention program reported improvements in cardiovascular risk profile and functional capacity.

  4. The effects of exercise programming vs traditional outpatient therapy in the rehabilitation of severely burned children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cucuzzo, N A; Ferrando, A; Herndon, D N

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and effects of exercise programming (Study group, n = 11) vs traditional outpatient therapy (Home group, n = 10) in burned children (> 40% body surface area). This was a prospective, randomized, controlled trial in a hospital-based children's wellness center. Twenty-one patients (13 boys and 8 girls) averaging 10.6 +/- 0.9 years and TBSA = 59.7 +/- 3.1% were evaluated 6 and 9 months postburn. Moderate intensity, progressive resistance and aerobic exercise conducted 3 times weekly for 1 hour were a supplement to standard therapy over 12 weeks. Muscular strength and functional outcome significantly increased in both groups (P exercise programming may be safely included in rehabilitation programs for severely burned children and can be effective in increasing muscular strength and functional outcome.

  5. Increasing the Use of Group Interventions in a Pediatric Rehabilitation Program: Perceptions of Administrators, Therapists, and Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camden, Chantal; Tetreault, Sylvie; Swaine, Bonnie

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: To explore perceptions related to increased utilization of group interventions as a part of the service reorganization within a pediatric rehabilitation program. Methods: Individual interviews with program administrators (n = 13) and focus groups with therapists (n = 19) and parents of children with disabilities (n = 5) were conducted.…

  6. Adherence to a Maintenance Exercise Program 1 Year After Pulmonary Rehabilitation WHAT ARE THE PREDICTORS OF DROPOUT?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heerema-Poelman, Ankie; Stuive, Ilse; Wempe, Johan B.

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate adherence to a maintenance exercise program in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and explore predictors for adherence. METHODS: Seventy patients with COPD were referred to a home-care maintenance exercise program after completing pulmonary rehabilitation

  7. Adherence to a Maintenance Exercise Program 1 Year After Pulmonary Rehabilitation WHAT ARE THE PREDICTORS OF DROPOUT?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heerema-Poelman, Ankie; Stuive, Ilse; Wempe, Johan B.

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate adherence to a maintenance exercise program in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and explore predictors for adherence. METHODS: Seventy patients with COPD were referred to a home-care maintenance exercise program after completing pulmonary rehabilitation

  8. How can we improve targeting of frail elderly patients to a geriatric day-hospital rehabilitation program?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Allen R

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The optimal patient selection of frail elderly persons undergoing rehabilitation in Geriatric Day Hospital (GDH programs remains uncertain. This study was done to identify potential predictors of rehabilitation outcomes for these patients. Methods This study is a retrospective cohort analysis of patients admitted to the rehabilitation program of our GDH, in Montreal, Canada, over a five year period. The measures considered were: Barthel Index, Older Americans Resources and Services, Folstein Mini Mental Status Exam, Timed Up & Go (TUG, 6-minute walk test (6 MWT, Gait speed, Berg Balance, grip strength and the European Quality of life - 5 Dimensions. Successful improvement with rehabilitation was defined as improvement in three or more tests of physical function. Logistic regression analysis using the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC was employed to select the optimal model for making predictions of rehabilitation success. Results A total of 335 patients were studied, but only 233 patients had a complete data set suitable for the predictive model. Average age was 81 years and patients attended the GDH an average of 24 visits. Significant changes were found in several measures of physical performance for many patients ranging from improved gait speed in 21.3% to improved TUG in 62.7% of the cohort. Fifty-eight percent of patients attained successful improvement with rehabilitation by our criteria. This group was characterized by lower test scores on admission. Using BIC, the best predictor model was the 6 MWT [OR: 0.994 per meter walked (95% CI: 0.990-0.997]. Conclusions The GDH rehabilitation program is effective in improving patients' physical performance. Although no single measure was found to be sufficiently predictive to help target candidates appropriately, the 6 MWT showed a trend to significance. Further research will be done to elucidate the utility of a composite 'rehab appropriateness index' and the role of

  9. The Influence of Comorbidities on Outcomes of Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programs in Patients with COPD: A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miek Hornikx

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD is associated with comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic disease, osteoporosis, and anxiety and/or depression. Although pulmonary rehabilitation programs are proven to be beneficial in patients with COPD, it is unclear whether comorbidities influence pulmonary rehabilitation outcomes. The aim of the present review was to investigate to what extent the presence of comorbidities can affect pulmonary rehabilitation outcomes. Methods. The systematic literature search (Pubmed, EMBASE, and PEDro resulted in 4 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. The odds ratios (95% confidence intervals of the logistic regression analyses, with comorbidities as independent variables and pulmonary rehabilitation outcomes (dyspnea, functional exercise capacity, and quality of life as dependent variables, were used for data extraction. Results. Patients with anxiety and/or depression less likely improve in dyspnea. Osteoporosis is associated with less improvements in functional exercise capacity, while cardiovascular disease does not seem to negatively impact on this outcome. Patients with cardiovascular comorbidity will experience less positive changes in quality of life. Conclusion. Evidence from literature suggests that comorbidities can have a negative influence on pulmonary rehabilitation outcomes. Screening for comorbidities in pulmonary rehabilitation settings seems useful to readdress the right patients for individually tailored pulmonary rehabilitation.

  10. Clinical Observation of Pelvic Floor Rehabilitative Management in Postpartum Female Patients in Rural Area%农村女性产后盆底康复治疗的临床观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓春; 曾梦艳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the appropriate approach of pelvic floor rehabilitative management in postpartum rural female patients.Methods A total of 160 rural primiparas by vaginal delivery were randomly divided into therapy group (n =80)and control group (n =80).The therapy group was given Kegel training and vaginal dumbbell treatment,while control group received electrical stimnlation combined with biofeedback treatment.Incidences of comprehensive muscle strength of pelvic floor,pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence of the two groups were followed up and compared for 3 months and 6 months aftrr treatment.Results A total of 10 rural primiparas (12.5%) in therapy group failed to continue treatment,and 37 rural primiparas (46.3%) in control group failed to continue treatment.The recovery of comprehensive muscle strength of pelvic floor in two groups after 3 months of treatment were significantly different (P <0.05) ; the differences in incidences of pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence were not statistically significant (P > 0.05).The incidences of comprehensive muscle strength of pelvic floor,pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence in two groups after 6 months of treatment showed significant differences compared with those before treatment (P <0.05).The incidences of comprehensive muscle strength of pelvic floor in two groups after 6 months of treatment were significantly better than those after 3 months of treatment (P <0.05).Conclusion Kegel training and vaginal dumbbell treatment may improve the postpartum function of pelvic floor as an ideal method for pelvic floor rehabilitative management in postpartum rural female patients.%目的 探讨农村女性产后盆底康复治疗的理想方法.方法 选择我院经阴道分娩农村初产妇160例,随机分为观察组和对照组,每组80例.观察组予Kegel训练加阴道哑铃治疗,对照组予电刺激联合生物反馈治疗,均于治疗3个月和6个月后随访并

  11. Implementation of a Multifaceted Interactive Electrodiagnostic Medicine Workshop in a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Residency Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donovan, Jayne; van de Rijn, Marc; McCabe, Elizabeth L; Shih, Shirley; Paganoni, Sabrina

    2017-09-25

    Electrodiagnostic medicine is a required component of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation residency education, but limited resources exist to guide curriculum development. Our objective was to create a focused workshop to enhance our residency program's electrodiagnostic curriculum. We created two separate 1.5-day workshops, one basic and one advanced, for all residents. Each workshop included didactic sessions, case discussion, question and answer sessions, demonstrations, and hands-on participation with direct supervision and feedback. Presurveys and postsurveys were administered to evaluate the value of the workshops. We also assessed trends in electrodiagnostic self-assessment examination scores. Residents reported clinical electrodiagnostic rotations to be more valuable to their education than previous didactic sessions and independent learning. Self-reported knowledge of electrodiagnostic concepts, resident comfort level in planning, performing, and interpreting studies, and perceived value in independent learning of electrodiagnostic medicine improved after implementation of the workshops. There was a 7% improvement in the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine electrodiagnostic self-assessment examination score compared with the previous year and a 15% improvement in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation self-assessment examination electrodiagnostic subscore compared with the previous 5 yrs. All participants recommended similar educational experience for other residents. This successful workshop may serve as a resource for other training programs.

  12. Effects of a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program on quality of life and exercise tolerance in women: A retrospective analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knapik Grant

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Currently, there are a lack of investigations that have examined the effect of participating in a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program on quality of life and physiological measures in women of different ages. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effect of participating in a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program on quality of life, exercise tolerance, blood pressure and lipids in women between 33 and 82 years of age. Methods The 126 women participated in a 14-week cardiac rehabilitation program that consisted of 7 weeks of formal supervised exercise training and 7 weeks of unsupervised exercise and lifestyle modification. Physiologic and quality of life outcome measures obtained at the outset and after 14 weeks included: 1 exercise treadmill time; 2 resting and peak systolic and diastolic blood pressure; 3 total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and Triglycerides; 4 Cardiac Quality of Life Index questionnaire. Results Significant improvements were found in the following quality of life measures after participating in the cardiac rehabilitation program: physical well being, psychosocial, worry, nutrition and symptoms. No significant differences were seen for any QOL variable between the different age groups. Significant improvements were seen in exercise tolerance (+21% and high density lipoprotein (+5%. Conclusion Cardiac rehabilitation may play an important role in improving quality of life, exercise tolerance and high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in younger and older women with underlying cardiovascular disease.

  13. Post-traumatic stress in patients with injury-related chronic pain participating in a multimodal pain rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Britt-Marie Stålnacke

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Britt-Marie Stålnacke, Anna ÖstmanDepartment of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Umeå University, SwedenAim: To investigate post-traumatic stress, pain intensity, depression, and anxiety in patients with injury-related chronic pain before and after participating in multimodal pain rehabilitation.Methods: Twenty-eight patients, 21 women and seven men, who participated in the multimodal rehabilitation programs (special whiplash program for whiplash injuries within 1.5 years after the trauma or ordinary program answered a set of questionnaires to assess post-traumatic stress (Impact of Event Scale [IES], pain intensity [Visual Analogue Scale (VAS], depression, and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale [HAD] before and after the programs.Results: Both pain intensity and post-traumatic stress decreased significantly after the rehabilitation programs in comparison with before (VAS: 57.8 ± 21.6 vs. 67.5 ± 21.9; P = 0.009, IES total score 21.8 ± 13.2 vs. 29.5 ± 12.9; P < 0.001. Patients younger than 40 years reported a statistically higher level of post-traumatic stress compared with patients older than 40 years both before (P = 0.037 and after rehabilitation (P = 0.023. No statistically significant differences were found on the HAD scores.Conclusion: The multimodal rehabilitation programs were effective in reducing both pain intensity and post-traumatic stress. The experience of higher levels of post-traumatic stress in younger persons has to be taken into account when managing patients with injury-related chronic pain.Keywords: post-traumatic, stress disorder, chronic pain, whiplash injuries

  14. Effect of pelvic floor muscle training on the rehabilitation of pelvic floor function in patients with Prolift pelvic reconstructive surgery%盆底肌锻炼持续性指导对Prolift全盆底重建术患者盆底功能康复的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴丽莹; 傅莉容; 梁艳玲

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨盆底肌锻炼持续性指导对Prolift全盆底重建术患者盆底功能康复的影响。方法选取2011年1月~2014年6月我院行Prolift全盆底修复术治疗的盆腔脏器脱垂患者100例,随机分为观察组和对照组,各50例。对照组予常规护理措施,观察组采取盆底肌锻炼持续性指导等护理措施,评估两组护理前后主、客观疗效及生活质量。结果观察组住院时间明显短于对照组,治愈率明显增高,术后并发症及复发率明显降低(P<0.05)。护理后观察组PFDI-20及PFIQ-7评分均较对照组明显下降,生活质量评分明显增高(P<0.05)。结论对行Prolift全盆底重建术患者予盆底肌锻炼持续性指导等护理措施,可恢复盆底功能,提高生活质量。%ObjectiveTo explore the effect of pelvic floor muscle training on the rehabilitation of pelvic floor function in patients with Prolift pelvic reconstructive surgery.Methods100 patients of pelvic organ prolapse underwent Prolift pelvic reconstructive surgery in our hospital from January 2011 to June 2014 were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 50 cases in each. The control group received conventional nursing measures, the observation group was given pelvic floor muscle training nursing measures. The subjective, objective effects and quality of life of patients in both groups before and after nursing were evaluated.ResultsThe hospital stay of the observation group was shorter than the control group, cure rate was significantly higher, postoperative complications and recurrence rate were significantly lower(P<0.05).PFDI-20 and PFIQ-7 scores of the observation group after nursing were significantly lower than the control group, the quality of life score were significantly higher (P<0.05).Conclusion Using pelvic floor muscle training nursing measures in patients with prolift pelvic reconstructive surgery can improve pelvic floor function and

  15. Smoking cessation treatment in community-based substance abuse rehabilitation programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Malcolm S; Fallon, Bryan; Sonne, Susan; Flammino, Frank; Nunes, Edward V; Jiang, Huiping; Kourniotis, Eva; Lima, Jennifer; Brady, Ron; Burgess, Cynthia; Arfken, Cynthia; Pihlgren, Eric; Giordano, Louis; Starosta, Aron; Robinson, James; Rotrosen, John

    2008-07-01

    Nicotine dependence is highly prevalent among drug- and alcohol-dependent patients. A multisite clinical trial of smoking cessation (SC) treatment was performed at outpatient community-based substance abuse rehabilitation programs affiliated with the National Drug Abuse Treatment, Clinical Trials Network. Cigarette smokers (N=225) from five methadone maintenance programs and two drug and alcohol dependence treatment programs were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive either (1) SC treatment as an adjunct to substance abuse treatment-as-usual (TAU) or (2) substance abuse TAU. Smoking cessation treatment consisted of 1 week of group counseling before the target quit date and 8 weeks of group counseling plus transdermal nicotine patch treatment (21 mg/day for Weeks 1-6 and 14 mg/day for Weeks 7 and 8) after the target quit date. Smoking abstinence rates in SC, 10%-11% during treatment and 5%-6% at the 13- and 26-week follow-up visits, were significantly better than those in TAU during treatment (p< .01). In addition, SC was associated with significantly greater reductions as compared with TAU in cigarettes smoked per day (75% reduction, p< .001), exhaled carbon monoxide levels (p< .001), cigarette craving (p< .05), and nicotine withdrawal (p< .05). Smoking cessation did not differ from TAU on rates of retention in substance abuse treatment, abstinence from primary substance of abuse, and craving for primary substance of abuse. Compliance with SC treatment, moderate at best, was positively associated with smoking abstinence rates. Smoking cessation treatment resulted in significant reductions in daily smoking and modest smoking abstinence rates without having an adverse impact on substance abuse rehabilitation when given concurrently with outpatient substance abuse treatment. Substance abuse treatment programs should not hesitate to implement SC for established patients.

  16. Change indicators of miotonometry under the influence of physical rehabilitation programs for football players with anterior cruciate ligament damage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parish Mohammadreza.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The question of the effectiveness of physical rehabilitation program designed to include physiotherapy, special proprioceptive exercises and functional training, aimed at restoring stability and mobility in the joint, muscle tone, intermuscular coordination, proprioception of the knee joint and the prevention of recurrent injuries in football players after ACL reconstruction. The data miotonometry quadriceps injured extremity surveyed 58 players. Found that decreasing physical activity leads to trophic changes and decrease in muscle tone of the injured extremity. The use of the physical rehabilitation program possible to state its high efficiency.

  17. Building a research program in rehabilitation sciences, Part II: case studies: University of Texas Medical Branch, Boston University, University of Pittsburgh, and University of Washington.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Leighton; Jette, Alan M; Ottenbacher, Kenneth J; Robinson, Lawrence R; Tietsworth, Monica L; Ricker, Joseph H; Boninger, Michael L

    2009-08-01

    This article presents four case studies of rehabilitation science programs that have created enduring research efforts: one in physical therapy, one in interdisciplinary rehabilitation sciences, and two in physical medicine and rehabilitation. Several themes emerge from these case studies. First, building an enduring research program takes time and significant foundational work. Most importantly, it is crucial to have the support of the dean, academic institution, and medical center. This seems to be a prerequisite for success in this area.

  18. Effect of Buzhongyiqi Pill Combined with Kegel Training for Promoting Postpartum Pelvic Floor Function Rehabilitation in 64 Cases%补中益气丸联合Kegel训练促进产后盆底功能康复64例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓丽

    2015-01-01

    Objective To research the role of Buzhongyiqi Pill combined with the Kegel training for the promotion of postpartum pelvic floor function rehabilitation. Methods Totally 128 obstetric patients in the hospital from September 2013 to September 2014 were se-lected and divided into the treatment group and the control group according to the random number table,64 cases in each group. The treatment group was given oral Buzhongyiqi Pill 12 g,3 times daily,at the same time the Kegel training was conducted,3 times daily;while the control group only performed the Kegel training. The course of treatment was 6 weeks in the two groups. The peripheral blood TGF-β1 and IGF-1 levels were detected. The changes of pelvic floor muscle strength,occurrence situation of postpartum stress urinary incontinence and adverse reactions were observed. Results The postpartum pelvic floor muscle strength score and the pelvic floor mus-cle strength measurement indezes after 6,12 weeks of treatment in the treatment group were significantly higher than those in the con-trol group( P < 0. 05);the occurrence rate of stress urinary incontinence in the treatment group was 4. 69%,which was significantly lower than 29. 68% in the control group( P < 0. 05);the peripheral blood TGF-β1 and IGF-1 levels after 6-week treatment in the two groups were significantly increased compared with before treatment( P < 0. 05),moreover the increase in the treatment group was more significant( P < 0. 05);no obvious adverse reactions were found in the two groups during the treatment process. Conclusion Buzhongyiqi Pills combined with the Kegel training can promote the postpartum pelvic floor function rehabilitation and pelvic floor mus-cle recovery,reduces the occurrence rate of urinary incontinence,increases the TGF-β1 and IGF-1 levels,has no significant adverse reactions and is worthy of clinical promotion.%目的:研究补中益气丸联合Kegel训练促进产后盆底功能康复的作用。方法选取2013年9

  19. Participation of children with neurodevelopmental risk factors in the early rehabilitation program in relation to the level of parental education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikelić, Valentina Matijević; Kosicek, Tena; Crnković, Maja; Radanović, Branko

    2011-12-01

    Many factors that have an adverse effect on fetal growth and development can manifest later in the child's development. Because of the biological basis, children born under the influence of these factors belong to the group of neurorisk children. They need special attention and prompt participation in the early rehabilitation program to encourage the use of brain plasticity. In addition to the biological influences, socioeconomic status affects a wide array of medical, cognitive and socio-emotional consequences in children, which begin before birth and continue into adulthood. This retrospective study included 50 children aged one to three years, hospitalized at Department of Pediatric Rehabilitation, University Department of Rheumatology, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sestre milosrdnice University Hospital Center in Zagreb. The aim was to determine the frequency of inclusion of children with neurodevelopmental risks in the early rehabilitation program according to the level of parental education. The results showed the highest percentage of parents of neurorisk children to have high school education, while the smallest number of parents had elementary school education. These data pointed to the lack of public awareness of the importance of the early period of life. However, they also indicated the lack of parental knowledge of their rights and opportunities for involvement of their neurorisk children in the early rehabilitation programs.

  20. EFFECTS OF AN EXERCISE-ORIENTED REHABILITATION PROGRAM ON MECHANICAL EFFICIENCIY AND AEROBIC CAPACITY IN CHILDREN WITH SPASTIC CEREBRAL PALSY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Izadi

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractObjectiveChildren suffering from Cerebral Palsy (CP, exhibit movement limitations and physiological abnormalities as compared to normal individuals.The objective of this study was to assess mechanical efficiency and certain cardiovascular indices before and after an exercise-rehabilitation program in children with dipelegia spastic cerebral palsy (experimental group in comparison with able-bodied children(controls. Material and MethodsIn this study, 15 spastic cerebral palsy (dipelegic children participated in an exercise-rehabilitation program, three days a week for three months with an average 144bpm of heart rate. The mechanical efficiency (net, gross, rest and submaximal heart rate and maximal oxygen consumption(VO2max weremeasured before (pretest and after (posttest exercise program on the cycle ergometer according to the Macmaster ergometer protocol. Then control group, of 18 normal children underwent the exercise program and were assessed, following which results of the 2 groups were compared using SPSS for statistical analysis (P ResultsMechanical efficiency (net, gross increased significantly in CP patients after the exercise-rehabilitation program; reults did not alter significantly for the controls.Rest and submaximal heart rate in CP patients decreased significantly after exercise program. Maximal oxygen consumption, which remained unchanged in patients following the exercise program, was similar in patients and controls after the program. ConclusionCerebral palsy patients, because of their high muscle tone, severe degree of spasticity, and involuntary movements are physically more incapacitated and need more energy than normal able-bodied individuals.Rehabilitation and aerobic exercise can be effective in improving their cardiovascular fitness and muscle function and increasing their mechanical efficiency.Keywords: spastic cerebral palsy, maximal oxygen consumption, heart rate, mechanical efficiency, rehabilitation.

  1. Body Image and quality of life of senior citizens included in a cardiac rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Vargas Amaral

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Most people who have to live with some kind of disease tend to adopt healthy habits and create new ways of seeing themselves. The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between the index of quality of life and self perception of patients included in a cardiovascular rehabilitation program in Florianopolis/Brazil. The sample consists of 24 subjects of 62 ± 1.3 years of age, who have coronary artery disease. The Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ was used to assess the quality of life, and to identify the degree of body image discontentment the Stunkard and Sorensen questionnaire (1993 was applied. Statistical analysis was made through statistics programs and the software SPSS 11.0. The degree of association between variables was studied with Kendall test. It was verified that the higher the BMI and the current body shape, the greatest the degree of body image dissatisfaction. The emotional symptoms also appear to be significantly correlated with a desire for a smaller body shape and with indicators of lower quality of life (r = 0474 = 0735, p major 0.05. The physical symptoms were also considerably associated with the emotional symptoms. These results suggest that the variables concerning the quality of life are meaningful to significant body image and satisfaction, which seems to correlate with fewer emotional problems and better facing of the disease. Cardiovascular Rehabilitation Programs that implement physical activity in daily habits proves to be a suitable tool for improving these ailments in this post-acute phase

  2. Effects of a multidisciplinar cognitive rehabilitation program for patients with mild Alzheimer's disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane F. Viola

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program on cognition, quality of life, and neuropsychiatry symptoms in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease. METHOD: The present study was a single-blind, controlled study that was conducted at a university-based day-hospital memory facility. The study included 25 Alzheimer's patients and their caregivers and involved a 12-week stimulation and psychoeducational program. The comparison group consisted of 16 Alzheimer's patients in waiting lists for future intervention. INTERVENTION: Group sessions were provided by a multiprofessional team and included memory training, computer-assisted cognitive stimulation, expressive activities (painting, verbal expression, writing, physiotherapy, and physical training. Treatment was administered twice a week during 6.5-h gatherings. MEASUREMENTS: The assessment battery comprised the following tests: Mini-Mental State Examination, Short Cognitive Test, Quality of Life in Alzheimer's disease, Neuropsychiatric Inventory, and Geriatric Depression Scale. Test scores were evaluated at baseline and the end of the study by raters who were blinded to the group assignments. RESULTS: Measurements of global cognitive function and performance on attention tasks indicated that patients in the experimental group remained stable, whereas controls displayed mild but significant worsening. The intervention was associated with reduced depression symptoms for patients and caregivers and decreased neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer's subjects. The treatment was also beneficial for the patients' quality of life. CONCLUSION: This multimodal rehabilitation program was associated with cognitive stability and significant improvements in the quality of life for Alzheimer's patients. We also observed a significant decrease in depressive symptoms and caregiver burden. These results support the notion that structured nonpharmacological interventions can yield

  3. Development of the ubiquitous spaced retrieval-based memory advancement and rehabilitation training program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Ji Won; Oh, Kyusoo; Yoo, Sooyoung; Kim, Eunhye; Ahn, Ki-Hwan; Son, Yeon-Joo; Kim, Tae Hui; Chi, Yeon Kyung; Kim, Ki Woong

    2014-01-01

    The Ubiquitous Spaced Retrieval-based Memory Advancement and Rehabilitation Training (USMART) program was developed by transforming the spaced retrieval-based memory training which consisted of 24 face-to-face sessions into a self-administered program with an iPAD app. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of USMART in elderly subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Feasibility was evaluated by checking the satisfaction of the participants with a 5-point Likert scale. The efficacy of the program on cognitive functions was evaluated by the Korean version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Neuropsychological Assessment Battery before and after USMART. Among the 10 participants, 7 completed both pre- and post-USMART assessments. The overall satisfaction score was 8.0±1.0 out of 10. The mean Word List Memory Test (WLMT) scores significantly increased after USMART training after adjusting for age, educational levels, baseline Mini-Mental Status Examination scores, and the number of training sessions (pre-USMART, 16.0±4.1; post-USMART, 17.9±4.5; p=0.014, RM-ANOVA). The magnitude of the improvements in the WLMT scores significantly correlated with the number of training sessions during 4 weeks (r=0.793; p=0.033). USMART was effective in improving memory and was well tolerated by most participants with MCI, suggesting that it may be a convenient and cost-effective alternative for the cognitive rehabilitation of elderly subjects with cognitive impairments. Further studies with large numbers of participants are necessary to examine the relationship between the number of training sessions and the improvements in memory function.

  4. Short time sports exercise boosts motor imagery patterns: Implications of mental practice in rehabilitation programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selina Christin Wriessnegger

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Motor imagery (MI is a commonly used paradigm for the study of motor learning or cognitive aspects of action control. The rationale for using MI training to promote the relearning of motor function arises from research on the functional correlates that MI shares with the execution of physical movements. While most of the previous studies investigating MI were based on simple movements in the present study a more attractive mental practice was used to investigate cortical activation during MI. We measured cerebral responses with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI in twenty three healthy volunteers as they imagined playing soccer or tennis before and after a short physical sports exercise. Our results demonstrated that only 10 minutes of training are enough to boost motor imagery patterns in motor related brain regions including premotor cortex and supplementary motor area (SMA but also fronto-parietal and subcortical structures. This supports previous findings that motor imagery has beneficial effects especially in combination with motor execution when used in motor rehabilitation or motor learning processes. We conclude that sports MI combined with an interactive game environment could be a promising additional tool in future rehabilitation programs aiming to improve upper or lower limb functions or support neuroplasticity.

  5. Medicare Program; Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System for Federal Fiscal Year 2018. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-03

    This final rule updates the prospective payment rates for inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) for federal fiscal year (FY) 2018 as required by the statute. As required by section 1886(j)(5) of the Social Security Act (the Act), this rule includes the classification and weighting factors for the IRF prospective payment system's (IRF PPS) case-mix groups and a description of the methodologies and data used in computing the prospective payment rates for FY 2018. This final rule also revises the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) diagnosis codes that are used to determine presumptive compliance under the "60 percent rule," removes the 25 percent payment penalty for inpatient rehabilitation facility patient assessment instrument (IRF-PAI) late transmissions, removes the voluntary swallowing status item (Item 27) from the IRF-PAI, summarizes comments regarding the criteria used to classify facilities for payment under the IRF PPS, provides for a subregulatory process for certain annual updates to the presumptive methodology diagnosis code lists, adopts the use of height/weight items on the IRF-PAI to determine patient body mass index (BMI) greater than 50 for cases of single-joint replacement under the presumptive methodology, and revises and updates measures and reporting requirements under the IRF quality reporting program (QRP).

  6. Specialized core stability exercise: a neglected component of anterior cruciate ligament rehabilitation programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Dong-liang; Li, Jing-long; Zhai, Hua; Wang, Hui-fang; Meng, Han; Wang, Yu-bin

    2012-01-01

    The incidence of anterior cruciate ligament injury has continued to increase over the last two decades. This injury is associated with abnormal gait patterns and osteoarthritis of the knee. In order to accelerate recovery, the introduction of core stability exercises into the rehabilitation program is proposed. The theory underlying the use of core stability exercise relates to the neuroplasticity that follows anterior cruciate ligament injury. Neuroplasticity in lumbar, thoracic, cervical and brain regions diminish activation in the contralateral thalamus, postparietal cortex, SM1, basal ganglia-external globus pallidus, SII, cingulated motor area, premotor cortex, and in the ipsilateral cerebellum and SM1 and increase activation in pre-SMA, SIIp, and pITG, indicating modifications of the CNS. In addition, the neuroplasticity can regulate the movement of trunk muscles, for example, sternocleidomastoid and lower trapezius muscles. Core stability also demonstrates a negative correlation with the incidence of anterior cruciate ligament injury. Therefore, we propose that core stability exercises may improve the rehabilitation of anterior cruciate ligament injuries by increasing core motor control. Specialized core stability exercises aimed at rectifying biomechanical problems associated with gait and core stability may play a key role in the management of anterior cruciate ligament injury.

  7. Course of disability reduction during a pain rehabilitation program: a prospective clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waterschoot, Franka P C; Dijkstra, Pieter U; Geertzen, Jan H B; Reneman, Michiel F

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the course of reduction of disability during a pain rehabilitation program (PRP) and factors influencing this course. A prospective cohort study was carried out. All patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain treated in a PRP between March 2010 and December 2010 were eligible for this study. All patients were treated at a University-based rehabilitation center and received an outpatient multidisciplinary PRP. Main outcome measures, Pain Disability Index (PDI), and average pain measured with a numeric rating scale were measured every 2 weeks during the PRP. To analyze the course of disability, a linear mixed-effect model was applied. One hundred and twenty-eight patients participated in the study, of whom 20% dropped out during the PRP. Initial PDI (β=0.8), treatment week (β=-0.2), treatment week squared (β=0.03), average pain (β=2.3), and interaction between initial PDI and treatment week (β=-0.02) influenced the course of disability during PRP. Disability reduces during the PRP. Initial PDI, treatment week, average pain, and interaction between initial PDI and treatment week influence the course of disability reduction during the PRP. These results could aid in predicting the required duration of a PRP at the start.

  8. Medicare program; inpatient rehabilitation facility prospective payment system for federal fiscal year 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    This final rule updates the prospective payment rates for inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) for federal fiscal year (FY) 2015 as required by the statute. This final rule finalizes a policy to collect data on the amount and mode (that is, Individual, Concurrent, Group, and Co-Treatment) of therapy provided in the IRF setting according to therapy discipline, revises the list of diagnosis and impairment group codes that presumptively meet the "60 percent rule'' compliance criteria, provides a way for IRFs to indicate on the Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility-Patient Assessment Instrument (IRF-PAI) form whether the prior treatment and severity requirements have been met for arthritis cases to presumptively meet the "60 percent rule'' compliance criteria, and revises and updates quality measures and reporting requirements under the IRF quality reporting program (QRP). This rule also delays the effective date for the revisions to the list of diagnosis codes that are used to determine presumptive compliance under the "60 percent rule'' that were finalized in FY 2014 IRF PPS final rule and adopts the revisions to the list of diagnosis codes that are used to determine presumptive compliance under the "60 percent rule'' that are finalized in this rule. This final rule also addresses the implementation of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM), for the IRF prospective payment system (PPS), which will be effective when ICD-10-CM becomes the required medical data code set for use on Medicare claims and IRF-PAI submissions.

  9. Evaluating Curricular Influence on Preparation for Practice, Career Outcomes, and Job Satisfaction: Results from an Alumni Survey of a 40-Year Rehabilitation and Mental Health Counseling Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Tammy Jorgensen; Reid, Joan A.; Henry, Ryan G.; Dixon, Charlotte G.; Wright, Tennyson J.

    2013-01-01

    Alumni of a Council on Rehabilitation Education (CORE)-accredited graduate rehabilitation counselor education (RCE) program were surveyed to evaluate career outcomes, job satisfaction, licensure and certification rates, client populations served, and RCE program satisfaction and effectiveness. Results indicate a high level of satisfaction with the…

  10. Evaluating Curricular Influence on Preparation for Practice, Career Outcomes, and Job Satisfaction: Results from an Alumni Survey of a 40-Year Rehabilitation and Mental Health Counseling Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Tammy Jorgensen; Reid, Joan A.; Henry, Ryan G.; Dixon, Charlotte G.; Wright, Tennyson J.

    2013-01-01

    Alumni of a Council on Rehabilitation Education (CORE)-accredited graduate rehabilitation counselor education (RCE) program were surveyed to evaluate career outcomes, job satisfaction, licensure and certification rates, client populations served, and RCE program satisfaction and effectiveness. Results indicate a high level of satisfaction with the…

  11. An ICF-Based Model for Implementing and Standardizing Multidisciplinary Obesity Rehabilitation Programs within the Healthcare System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunani, Amelia; Raggi, Alberto; Sirtori, Anna; Berselli, Maria Elisa; Villa, Valentina; Ceriani, Francesca; Corti, Stefania; Leonardi, Matilde; Capodaglio, Paolo

    2015-05-29

    In this study, we aimed to design an ICF-based individual rehabilitation project for obese patients with comorbidities (IRPOb) integrated into the Rehab-CYCLE to standardize rehabilitative programs. This might facilitate the different health professionals involved in the continuum of care of obese patients to standardize rehabilitation interventions. After training on the ICF and based on the relevant studies, ICF categories were identified in a formal consensus process by our multidisciplinary team. Thereafter, we defined an individual rehabilitation project based on a structured multi-disciplinary approach to obesity. the proposed IRPOb model identified the specific intervention areas (nutritional, physiotherapy, psychology, nursing), the short-term goals, the intervention modalities, the professionals involved and the assessment of the outcomes. Information was shared with the patient who signed informed consent. The model proposed provides the following advantages: (1) standardizes rehabilitative procedures; (2) facilitates the flow of congruent and updated information from the hospital to outpatient facilities, relatives, and care givers; (3) addresses organizational issues; (4) might serve as a benchmark for professionals who have limited specific expertise in rehabilitation of comorbid obese patients.

  12. Shuttle Walking Test as Predictor of Survival in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients Enrolled in a Rehabilitation Program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbæk, Thomas; Martinez, Gerd; Brøndum, Eva

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Incremental Shuttle Walking Test (ISWT) is used to assess exercise capacity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is employed as an outcome measure for pulmonary rehabilitation. We studied the value of this test in predicting survival in COPD patients enrolled...... in a rehabilitation program. METHODS: A total of 416 patients performed an ISWT before entering a 7-week outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program. Their survival was observed over a mean period of 4.5 years (range = 1.2-7.2 years). RESULTS: During the observation period, 169 (40.6%) patients died. Univariate...... analyses showed that the ISWT as well as age, gender, present and previous tobacco smoking, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, body mass index, oxygen saturation at rest, long-term oxygen therapy, Medical Research Council dyspnea score, and treatment with oral corticosteroids were significantly...

  13. 76 FR 32971 - Proposed Priority for the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... and Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability and... notice proposes a priority for a center on knowledge translation for disability and rehabilitation... This notice contains one proposed priority. Center on Knowledge Translation for Disability...

  14. Effects of a Two-Year Intensive Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation Program for Patients with Huntington's Disease: a Prospective Intervention Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piira, Anu; van Walsem, Marleen R; Mikalsen, Geir; Øie, Lars; Frich, Jan C; Knutsen, Synnove

    2014-11-25

    To assess effects of a two year intensive, multidisciplinary rehabilitation program for patients with early- to mid-stage Huntington's disease. A prospective intervention study. One inpatient rehabilitation center in Norway. 10 patients, with early- to mid-stage Huntington's disease. A two year rehabilitation program, consisting of six admissions of three weeks each, and two evaluation stays approximately three months after the third and sixth rehabilitation admission. The program focused on physical exercise, social activities, and group/teaching sessions. Standard measures for motor function, including gait and balance, cognitive function, including MMSE and UHDRS cognitive assessment, anxiety and depression, activities of daily living (ADL), health related quality of life (QoL) and Body Mass Index (BMI). Six out of ten patients completed the full program. Slight, but non-significant, decline was observed for gait and balance from baseline to the evaluation stay after two years. Non-significant improvements were observed in physical QoL, anxiety and depression, and BMI. ADL-function remained stable with no significant decline. None of the cognitive measures showed a significant decline. An analysis of individual cases revealed that four out of the six participants who completed the program sustained or improved their motor function, while motor function declined in two participants. All the six patients who completed the program reported improved or stable QoL throughout the study period. Our findings suggest that participation in an intensive rehabilitation program is well tolerated among motivated patients with early to mid-stage HD. The findings should be interpreted with caution due to the small sample size in this study.

  15. The role of pediatric Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in the national Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities (LEND) program: The Virginia experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wunderlich, Colleen A; Pariseau, Crystal; Willis, Janet H; Reddy, Madhavi; Bodurtha, Joann

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the role of pediatric Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (pediatric PM&R) in the Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities (LEND) program. It provides an overview of the LEND program and the field of pediatric rehabilitation, details the scope and resources of the national LEND network, and describes the role of pediatric PM&R within the Virginia LEND (Va-LEND) program. Emphasis is placed on the natural fit of pediatric rehabilitation within the LEND program in order to encourage others in the field to become involved in their own state or regional LEND program.

  16. 77 FR 21547 - Proposed Priorities; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    ...). Currently, therapy robots are found only in large medical and rehabilitation centers. There is a need to... to such therapy outside of large rehabilitation centers. Therapy robots can help extend the therapist... products that expand the use of therapy robots beyond large rehabilitation centers and into more community...

  17. Evaluation of bluetooth low power for physiological monitoring in a home based cardiac rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Timothy; Ding, Hang; D'Souza, Matthew; Karunanithi, Mohan

    2012-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in Australia, and places large burdens on the healthcare system. To assist patients with CVDs in recovering from cardiac events and mediating cardiac risk factors, a home based cardiac rehabilitation program, known as the Care Assessment Platform (CAP), was developed. In the CAP program, patients are required to manually enter health information into their mobile phones on a daily basis. The manual operation is often subject to human errors and is inconvenient for some elderly patients. To improve this, an automated wireless solution has been desired. The objectives of this paper are to investigate the feasibility of implementing the newly released Bluetooth 4.0 (BT4.0) for the CAP program, and practically evaluate BT4.0 communications between a developed mobile application and some emulated healthcare devices. The study demonstrated that BT4.0 addresses usability, interoperability and security for healthcare applications, reduces the power consumption in wireless communication, and improves the flexibility of interface for software development. This evaluation study provides an essential mobile BT4.0 framework to incorporate a large range of healthcare devices for clinical assessment and intervention in the CAP program, and hence it is useful for similar development and research work of other mobile healthcare solutions.

  18. Effect of Global Postural Rehabilitation program on spatiotemporal gait parameters of parkinsonian patients: a three-dimensional motion analysis study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitale, Carmine; Agosti, Valeria; Avella, Dario; Santangelo, Gabriella; Amboni, Marianna; Rucco, Rosaria; Barone, Paolo; Corato, Francesco; Sorrentino, Giuseppe

    2012-12-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of a Global Postural Rehabilitation (GPR) program on motor symptoms and gait parameters of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) by means of three-dimensional motion analysis study. Ten subjects with clinical diagnosis of PD were enrolled (study group). Age-, sex- and disease duration-matched PD patients were recruited as a control group (no treatment). Three-dimensional motion analysis was conducted by means of a stereophotogrammetric system. After basal evaluation, the study group underwent a specific rehabilitation program consisting of individual 40 min GPR daily sessions, 3 days a week for 4 consecutive weeks. Neurological status and spatiotemporal gait parameters of the two groups were evaluated at study entry (t (0)), at 4 weeks (t (1), end of rehabilitation protocol) and at 8 and 12 weeks (t (2) and t (3), follow-up evaluation). At baseline evaluation, the two groups did not differ in clinical features and gait parameters. At the end of rehabilitation protocol (t (1)) and at follow-up evaluation (t (2) and t (3)), a significant improvement in temporal gait parameters and UPDRS scores was observed in all treated patients as compared to baseline and controls. Our preliminary findings showed that significant improvements in mobility and gait parameters of PD patients can be obtained through GPR treatment, with a parallel improvement in clinical status. Quantitative analysis of gait pattern can be considered a useful tool to assess the efficacy of rehabilitation interventions in patients affected by PD.

  19. Comparison of Brunnstrom movement therapy and Motor Relearning Program in rehabilitation of post-stroke hemiparetic hand: a randomized trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandian, Shanta; Arya, Kamal Narayan; Davidson, E W Rajkumar

    2012-07-01

    Motor recovery of the hand usually plateaus in chronic stroke patients. Various conventional and contemporary approaches have been used to rehabilitate the hand post-stroke. However, the evidence for their effectiveness is still limited. To compare the hand therapy protocols based on Brunnstrom approach and motor relearning program in rehabilitation of the hand of chronic stroke patients. Randomized trial. Outpatients attending the occupational therapy department of a rehabilitation institute. 30 post-stroke subjects (35.06 ± 14.52 months) were randomly assigned into two equal groups (Group A and Group B), Outcome Measures: Brunnstrom recovery stages of hand (BRS-H), Fugl-Meyer assessment: wrist and hand (FMA-WH). Group A received Brunnstrom hand manipulation (BHM). BHM is the hand treatment protocol of the Brunnstrom movement therapy, which uses synergies and reflexes to develop voluntary motor control. Group B received the Motor Relearning Program (MRP) based hand protocol. MRP is the practice of specific motor skills, which results in the ability to perform a task. Active practice of context-specific motor task such as reaching and grasping helps regain the lost motor functions. Both the therapy protocols were effective in rehabilitation of the hand (BRS-H; p = 0.003 to 0.004, FMA-WH; p rehabilitation of the hand in chronic post-stroke patients. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Medicare Program; Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System for Federal Fiscal Year 2016. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    This final rule updates the prospective payment rates for inpatient rehabilitation facilities (IRFs) for federal fiscal year (FY) 2016 as required by the statute. As required by section 1886(j)(5) of the Act, this rule includes the classification and weighting factors for the IRF PPS's case-mix groups and a description of the methodologies and data used in computing the prospective payment rates for FY 2016. This final rule also finalizes policy changes, including the adoption of an IRF-specific market basket that reflects the cost structures of only IRF providers, a 1-year phase-in of the revised wage index changes, a 3-year phase-out of the rural adjustment for certain IRFs, and revisions and updates to the quality reporting program (QRP).

  1. Would people with a disability in the highlands benefit from a community-based rehabilitation program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Amstel, H; Dyke, T; Crocker, J

    1993-12-01

    Community-based rehabilitation for those people with a physical disability is a policy promoted by the World Health Organization. In order to assess whether such a program might be useful to the disabled people of the highlands of Papua New Guinea a survey was conducted which first identified those people with a severe physical disability and then investigated the degree that they were handicapped in terms of their social and physical environment. The survey was performed in the Tari area of the Southern Highlands Province in conjunction with the Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research (PNGIMR). By using the PNGIMR demographic surveillance system it was possible to calculate a prevalence level of physical disability (including walking disability, deafness and blindness) of 46 per 10,000 (0.46%). A significant physical disability was identified in 114 people, of whom 54 were given personal interviews to establish their quality of life. The survey found the social and economic situation of disabled people to be generally good although there is a lack of basic material aids for handicapped people. The disabled people and their families do not need extra knowledge about how to care for their disabilities and a formal community-based rehabilitation program would be inappropriate, but they would find mobility aids such as wheelchairs and artificial limbs of enormous help. The regular health care services are widely used although both people with a disability and health service staff are not always aware of the types of treatment which can usefully be provided.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  2. Effectiveness of Written Materials in a Rehabilitative Program for Female Offenders: A Case Study at the Montana Women's Prison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Laura; Colling, Kyle

    2010-01-01

    This case study of the Therapeutic Community Program at Montana Women's Prison investigates the relationship between inmate reading levels and the self-help materials used for rehabilitative purposes within prison settings. The Therapeutic Community Handbook, published by the Montana Department of Corrections, is used as the primary method of…

  3. Former Prison Inmates' Recidivism Rates: A Content Analysis Study of the Impact of Educational and Rehabilitation Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lathrop, Peter J. P., Sr.

    2011-01-01

    This study was an analysis and synthesis of the existing research on prison-based rehabilitative programs and their positive or negative impact on recidivism rates. This study utilizes qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methodologies. This study is a qualitative research in nature in that the analysis of research findings is based on the…

  4. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of shortening rehabilitation programs for patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain; Design of a RCT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waterschoot, F.P.C.; Geertzen, J.H.B.; Dijkstra, P.U.; Reneman, M.F.

    2011-01-01

    Background and Aims: Pain Rehabilitation Programs (PRP's) are proven effective for patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP). Evidence about the relationship of dose on the effect of PRP however, is unavailable. We hypothesized that shortening PRP will not be inferior to care as usual. The ai

  5. Impact of symptom burden on health related quality of life of cancer survivors in a Danish cancer rehabilitation program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Trille Kristina; Johansen, Christoffer; Ibfelt, Else

    2011-01-01

    to QoL measurements. Material and methods. A questionnaire including the EORTC QLQ-C30 and an empirically derived symptom check-list was completed by 2 486 cancer survivors participating in a rehabilitation program at baseline and at 1, 6 and 12 months' follow-up. We used multivariate linear regression...

  6. Extending the Use of Spanish Computer-Assisted Anomia Rehabilitation Program (CARP-2) in People with Aphasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adrian, Jose A.; Gonzalez, Mercedes; Buiza, Juan J.; Sage, Karen

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: To extend the use of the Spanish Computer-assisted Anomia Rehabilitation Program (CARP-2) for anomia from a single case to a group of 15 people with aphasia. To evaluate whether the treatment is active (Phase 1) for this group (Robey & Schultz, 1998), providing potential explanations as to why. Methods: Fifteen participants with chronic…

  7. The Effectiveness of a Multidisciplinary Group Rehabilitation Program on the Psychosocial Functioning of Elderly People Who Are Visually Impaired

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alma, Manna A.; Groothoff, Johan W.; Melis-Dankers, Bart J. M.; Suurmeijer, Theo P. B. M.; van der Mei, Sijrike F.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The pilot study reported here determined the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary group rehabilitation program, Visually Impaired Elderly Persons Participating (VIPP), on psychosocial functioning. Methods: The single-group pretest-posttest pilot study included 29 persons with visual impairments (aged 55 and older) who were referred…

  8. The Comparative Effectiveness of Cognitive Processing Therapy for Male Veterans Treated in a VHA Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Residential Rehabilitation Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, Jennifer; McLean, Caitlin; Harris, Alex H. S.; Rosen, Craig S.; Ruzek, Josef I.; Kimerling, Rachel

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To examine the effectiveness of group cognitive processing therapy (CPT) relative to trauma-focused group treatment as usual (TAU) in the context of a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) residential rehabilitation program. Method: Participants were 2 cohorts of male patients in the same program…

  9. The Comparative Effectiveness of Cognitive Processing Therapy for Male Veterans Treated in a VHA Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Residential Rehabilitation Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, Jennifer; McLean, Caitlin; Harris, Alex H. S.; Rosen, Craig S.; Ruzek, Josef I.; Kimerling, Rachel

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To examine the effectiveness of group cognitive processing therapy (CPT) relative to trauma-focused group treatment as usual (TAU) in the context of a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) residential rehabilitation program. Method: Participants were 2 cohorts of male patients in the same program…

  10. Effectiveness of Written Materials in a Rehabilitative Program for Female Offenders: A Case Study at the Montana Women's Prison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Laura; Colling, Kyle

    2010-01-01

    This case study of the Therapeutic Community Program at Montana Women's Prison investigates the relationship between inmate reading levels and the self-help materials used for rehabilitative purposes within prison settings. The Therapeutic Community Handbook, published by the Montana Department of Corrections, is used as the primary method of…

  11. Dose or content? Effectiveness of pain rehabilitation programs for patients with chronic low back pain : A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waterschoot, Franka P. C.; Dijkstra, Pieter U.; Hollak, Niek; de Vries, Haitze J.; Geertzen, Jan H. B.; Reneman, Michiel F.

    We sought to systematically analyze the influence of dose of pain rehabilitation programs (PRPs) for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) on disability, work participation, and quality of life (QoL). Literature searches were performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Cinahl, and Embase up to

  12. Effects of a Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation Program on Pediatric Obesity: The CEMHaVi Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanhelst, Jeremy; Mikulovic, Jacques; Fardy, Paul; Bui-Xuan, Gilles; Marchand, Frederic; Beghin, Laurent; Theunynck, Denis

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study is to assess the effects of the unique 1-year health-wellness program of exercise and health education for obese youth on body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure. The CEMHaVi program included 74 obese children. Participants, 19 girls and 18 boys, and controls, 17 girls and 20 boys, were assigned to treatment. The…

  13. 女性压力性尿失禁危险因素及盆底肌康复进展%Risk factors about stress urinary incontinence in female and the development of pelvic floor muscle ;rehabilitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史蕾; 耿连霞; 张艳平; 乔秋阁

    2016-01-01

    Urinary incontinence is a common disease of women. Approximately there are two billion patients with urinary incontinence globally, SUI accounts for almost 1/2 of urinary incontinence. Stress urinary incontinence not only affects women′s health and limits the patients′ daily behavior and physical activity, resulting in anxiety, depression, etc. In view of the high prevalence of SUI, the high impact rate and low rate of diagnosis and treatment, the clinical medical professionals need to understand the relevant contents of SUI. This review will summarize the risk factors about stress urinary incontinence and the development of pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation. We hope to provide reference for clinical practice.%尿失禁是女性常见的疾病,全球约有2亿尿失禁患者,压力性尿失禁( SUI)几乎占尿失禁的二分之一。压力性尿失禁不仅影响女性躯体健康,限制其日常行为和体力活动,同时造成患者焦虑、抑郁等心理问题。鉴于SUI的高患病率、对生活的高影响率及低诊治率,临床医护人员亟待系统地了解SUI。本文就SUI的危险因素及治疗进展进行综述,以期为临床实践提供参考。

  14. Exercise-Based Oncology Rehabilitation: Leveraging the Cardiac Rehabilitation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dittus, Kim L.; Lakoski, Susan G.; Savage, Patrick D.; Kokinda, Nathan; Toth, Michael; Stevens, Diane; Woods, Kimberly; O’Brien, Patricia; Ades, Philip A.

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE The value of exercise and rehabilitative interventions for cancer survivors is increasingly clear and oncology rehabilitation programs could provide these important interventions. However, a pathway to create oncology rehabilitation has not been delineated. Community-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs staffed by health care professionals with experience in providing rehabilitation and secondary prevention services to individuals with coronary heart disease are widely available and provide a potential model and location for oncology rehabilitation programs. Our purpose is to outline the rehabilitative needs of cancer survivors and demonstrate how oncology rehabilitation can be created using a cardiac rehabilitation model. METHODS We identify the impairments associated with cancer and its therapy that respond to rehabilitative interventions. Components of the CR model that would benefit cancer survivors are described. An example of an oncology rehabilitation program using a CR model is presented. RESULTS Cancer survivors have impairments associated with cancer and its therapy that improve with rehabilitation. Our experience demonstrates that effective rehabilitation services can be provided utilizing an existing CR infrastructure. Few adjustments to current cardiac rehabilitation models would be needed to provide oncology rehabilitation. Preliminary evidence suggests that cancer survivors participating in an oncology rehabilitation program experience improvements in psychological and physiologic parameters. CONCLUSIONS Utilizing the CR model of rehabilitative services and disease management provides a much needed mechanism to bring oncology rehabilitation to larger numbers of cancer survivors. PMID:25407596

  15. 78 FR 29344 - Applications for New Awards; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    ... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Research Training Centers AGENCY: Office of... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Research Training Centers (RRTCs... the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program is to plan and...

  16. 78 FR 76131 - Applications for New Awards; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-16

    ... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers AGENCY: Office... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers (RERCs... Purpose of Program: The purpose of the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers...

  17. Description of a multifaceted rehabilitation program including overground gait training for a child with cerebral palsy: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Elizabeth; Naber, Erin; Geigle, Paula

    2010-01-01

    This case describes the outcomes of a multifaceted rehabilitation program including body weight-supported overground gait training (BWSOGT) in a nonambulatory child with cerebral palsy (CP) and the impact of this treatment on the child's functional mobility. The patient is a nonambulatory 10-year-old female with CP who during an inpatient rehabilitation stay participated in direct, physical therapy 6 days per week for 5 weeks. Physical therapy interventions included stretching of her bilateral lower extremities, transfer training, bed mobility training, balance training, kinesiotaping, supported standing in a prone stander, two trials of partial weight-supported treadmill training, and for 4 weeks, three to five times per week, engaged in 30 minutes of BWSOGT using the Up n' go gait trainer, Lite Gait Walkable, and Rifton Pacer gait trainer. Following the multifaceted rehabilitation program, the patient demonstrated increased step initiation, increased weight bearing through bilateral lower extremities, improved bed mobility, and increased participation in transfers. The child's Gross Motor Functional Measure (GMFM) scores increased across four dimensions and her Physical Abilities and Mobility Scale (PAMS) increased significantly. This case report illustrates that a multifaceted rehabilitation program including BWSOGT was an effective intervention strategy to improve functional mobility in this nonambulatory child with CP.

  18. Feasibility of an exercise intervention for fatigued breast cancer patients at a community-based cardiac rehabilitation program

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Jesus, Stefanie; Fitzgeorge, Lyndsay; Unsworth, Karen; Massel, David; Suskin, Neville; Prapavessis, Harry; Sanatani, Michael

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Exercise is beneficial to quality of life after cancer treatment, yet few cancer survivors meet exercise guidelines. Our study sought to determine the feasibility of an oncology rehabilitation exercise program embedded within a cardiac rehabilitation program. Methods Patients who rated their fatigue >4/10 after completion of adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer were screened for eligibility and the outcomes were assessed (Piper Fatigue Scale, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast [FACT-B], Edmonton Symptom Assessment System, body composition, stress test, and physical activity measurement [accelerometer]). Participants received individualized exercise prescription. Following the 16-week program, repeat assessment plus patient acceptance and satisfaction survey was completed. The primary end point was the composite of accrual rate >25%, program adherence >80%, and mean compliance with accelerometer use >80%. Results Twenty of 24 screened patients consented to the study and completed the baseline assessment. Adherence was 30.3%. Mean accelerometer use was 3.88/7 days (78%). Fatigue at baseline was rated at 4.82/10, and at 3.59 (p = 0.09) after the intervention. Overall well-being (FACT-B) score changed from 92.7 to 98.3 (p = 0.05). There were no significant changes in body composition (except for bone mineral content), aerobic exercise capacity, or activity patterns. Conclusion Although the primary outcome was not met, our study indicates that an oncology exercise rehabilitation program can be incorporated into an existing cardiac rehabilitation program. Based on feedback received, we propose that in order to achieve exercise goals, frequent, encouraging, and tailored feedback and group sessions to foster a sense of community may additionally be needed to strengthen adherence to a prescribed exercise program. PMID:28228661

  19. The Impacts of Cardiac Rehabilitation Program on Echocardiographic Parameters in Coronary Artery Disease Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoumeh Sadeghi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The accurate impact of exercise on coronary artery disease (CAD patients with left ventricular dysfunction is still debatable. We studied the effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR on echocardiography parameters in CAD patients with ventricular dysfunction. Methods. Patients with CAD who had ventricular dysfunction were included into an exercise-based rehabilitation program and received rehabilitation for eight weeks. All subjects underwent echocardiography before and at the end of the rehabilitation program. The echocardiography parameters, including left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, LV end-diastolic (LVEDD and end-systolic diameters (LVESD, and peak exercise capacity measured in metabolic equivalents (METs, were assessed. Results. Seventy patients (mean age = 57.5 ± 10.2 years, 77.1% males were included into the study. At the end of rehabilitation period, the LVEF increased from 45.14 ± 5.77% to 50.44 ± 8.70% (P<0.001, and the peak exercise capacity increased from 8.00 ± 2.56 to 10.08 ± 3.00 METs (P<0.001. There was no significant change in LVEDD (54.63 ± 12.96 to 53.86 ± 8.95 mm, P=0.529 or in LVESD (38.91 ± 10.83 to 38.09 ± 9.04 mm, P=0.378 after rehabilitation. Conclusion. Exercise training in postmyocardial infarction patients with ventricular dysfunction could have beneficial effects on cardiac function without adversely affecting LV remodeling or causing serious cardiac complications.

  20. Pelvic Floor Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... NICHD Research Information Clinical Trials Resources and Publications Pelvic Floor Disorders: Condition Information Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content What is the pelvic floor? The term "pelvic floor" refers to the group ...

  1. Effect of a Task-Oriented Rehabilitation Program on Upper Extremity Recovery Following Motor Stroke

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winstein, Carolee J.; Wolf, Steven L.; Dromerick, Alexander W.; Lane, Christianne J.; Nelsen, Monica A.; Lewthwaite, Rebecca; Cen, Steven Yong; Azen, Stanley P.

    2016-01-01

    IMPORTANCE Clinical trials suggest that higher doses of task-oriented training are superior to current clinical practice for patients with stroke with upper extremity motor deficits. OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy of a structured, task-oriented motor training program vs usual and customary occupational therapy (UCC) during stroke rehabilitation. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Phase 3, pragmatic, single-blind randomized trial among 361 participants with moderate motor impairment recruited from 7 US hospitals over 44 months, treated in the outpatient setting from June 2009 to March 2014. INTERVENTIONS Structured, task-oriented upper extremity training (Accelerated Skill Acquisition Program[ASAP]; n = 119); dose-equivalent occupational therapy (DEUCC; n = 120); or monitoring-only occupational therapy (UCC; n = 122). The DEUCC group was prescribed 30 one-hour sessions over 10 weeks; the UCC group was only monitored, without specification of dose. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES The primary outcome was 12-month change in log-transformed Wolf Motor Function Test time score (WMFT, consisting of a mean of 15 timed arm movements and hand dexterity tasks). Secondary outcomes were change in WMFT time score (minimal clinically important difference [MCID] = 19 seconds) and proportion of patients improving ≥25 points on the Stroke Impact Scale (SIS) hand function score (MCID = 17.8 points). RESULTS Among the 361 randomized patients (mean age, 60.7 years; 56% men; 42% African American; mean time since stroke onset, 46 days), 304 (84%) completed the 12-month primary outcome assessment; in intention-to-treat analysis, mean group change scores (log WMFT, baseline to 12 months) were, for the ASAP group, 2.2 to 1.4 (difference, 0.82); DEUCC group, 2.0 to 1.2 (difference, 0.84); and UCC group, 2.1 to 1.4 (difference, 0.75), with no significant between-group differences (ASAP vs DEUCC:0.14; 95% CI, −0.05 to 0.33; P = .16; ASAP vs UCC: −0.01; 95% CI, −0.22 to 0.21; P = .94; and

  2. Evaluation of effect of different delivery methods on postpartum pelvic floor function and rehabilitation treatment%不同分娩方式对产后盆底功能的影响及康复治疗效果的评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔瑞敏

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨不同分娩方式对产妇产后盆底功能的影响及康复治疗的效果。方法:收治产妇246例,依据分娩方式的不同分为顺产组117例和剖宫产组129例。结果:经康复治疗后,两组产妇肌力均有提高,并且顺产组肌力恢复较剖宫产组更为显著(P<0.05);康复治疗后两组产妇的盆底功能障碍性疾病总发生率较治疗前均显著下降(P<0.05)。结论:顺产和剖宫产两种分娩方式均可造成妇女产后盆底肌肌力下降,产后早期进行盆底肌锻炼+生物反馈+电刺激康复治疗有助于盆底肌功能恢复。%Objective:To investigate the effect of different delivery methods on postpartum pelvic floor function and the effect of rehabilitation treatment.Methods:246 maternal were selected.According to different modes of delivery they were divided into the spontaneous delivery group 117 cases and the cesarean section group in 129 cases.Results:After rehabilitation treatment,two groups of maternal strength were improved,and the spontaneous delivery group was significant(P<0.05);after rehabilitation treatment,the incidence of pelvic floor dysfunction in the two groups was significantly lower than before treatment(P<0.05). Conclusion:Both vaginal delivery and cesarean section of two delivery ways caused the decline of postpartum pelvic floor muscle strength.Early postpartum pelvic floor exercises and biofeedback electrical stimulation and rehabilitation therapy is helpful to the recovery of function of pelvic floor muscles.

  3. Interdisciplinary rehabilitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ IntroductionInterdisciplinary rehabilitation, or care by a team of rehabilitation professionals, has been a core strategy of rehabilitation medicine since its beginning. As a result, quality assessments of these programs universally include evaluating the effectiveness of their interdisciplinary teams. Rehabilitation programs for individuals with physical and cognitive disabilities originally were institutionally based, an environment that facilitated the communication needed for interdisciplinary care. These programs addressed a full spectrum of problems, including health, physical functioning, psychological adjustment, social integration, and vocational or other significant role participation. The implementation of truly interdisciplinary programs has always been difficult because of this complexity, but recent restrictions in the resources available to provide rehabilitation have increased this difficulty. With less professional time available because of limited funds, the interdisciplinary process is being challenged to show its value, and to be as efficient as possible.This paper discusses the benefits to be gained through the interdisciplinary process, factors that reduce its cost effectiveness and strategies to maintain its advantages at the least possible cost.

  4. The Effect of a Program Using Some Therapeutic Methods to Rehabilitate Patients Suffering from Neck Pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayad O MAR

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Neck pain is one of the common physical problems of the adults which needs to be taken seriously in order to prevent further health problems. As the daily life of the modern people leads physical in activity, and the use of electronic devices causes imprope r effect on certain parts of the body, specials programs have to be developed as preventive treatment. Therapeutic methods can also be listed through such preventive methods. The purpose of this study was to i dentify the impact of the proposed program usin g some natural methods of treatment for the rehabilitation of people with neck pain , to i dentify the improved range of motion in all directions to the neck area , and also t o identify the extent of improvement in muscle strength for the neck and back. Twelv e patients in Ain Zara Physiotherapy Center and Tripoli Clinic (in Tripoli city were chosen as voluntarily whose age ranged from 30 to 50 years, and the subjects were divided into two groups , as experimental and control groups. This study proved that pro posed therapeutic methods help the treatment of neck pain.

  5. Alysis of Biofeedback Electrical Stimulation Treatment of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Disease Effect of Family Rehabilitation%生物反馈电刺激家庭康复器治疗盆底功能障碍疾病效果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林碧英; 刘玉云

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析生物反馈电刺激+家庭康复器盆底肌锻练治疗盆底功能障碍疾病的临床效果。方法:选取2013年7月-2014年3月,在本院分娩产妇,筛查诊断为盆底功能障碍性疾病120例。盆底肌力均小于Ⅲ级,分为治疗组与对照组,每组各60例。治疗组给予生物反馈电刺激+家庭康复器治疗,对照组给予盆底肌功能锻练,3个月后复查,观察两组患者肌力强度与盆底功能障碍症状缓解情况。结果:治疗后,盆底肌力强度不同程度恢复,治疗组有效率明显高于对照组,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:盆底肌锻练能提高盆底肌强度及治疗盆底功能障碍性疾病,电刺激生物反馈+家庭康复器治疗较单纯性盆底肌锻练治疗效果更佳。%Objective:To analyze the clinical effect of biofeedback electrical stimulation, and family rehabilitation pelvic muscle exercises in the treatment of pelvic floor dysfunction diseases.Method:120 cases of maternal, prenatal screening and diagnosis for pelvic floor dysfunction were selected from July 2013 to March 2014 in our hospital.They were randomly divided into the treatment group and the control group,60 cases in each group.The treatment group was given biofeedback electrical stimulation and family rehabilitation therapy, the control group was only received pelvic floor muscle training, 3 months after treatment, two groups were observed in patients with muscle strength and pelvic floor dysfunction symptoms.Result:After rehabilitation, the pelvic floor muscle strength have different degrees of recovery, the effective rate of the treatment group was significantly higher than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion: Pelvic floor muscle training can improve the myodynamia of pelvic floor strength, so as to achieve the treatment of pelvic floor dysfunction, biofeedback electrical stimulation and

  6. Introductory guide to floors and flooring

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Billingham, PA

    1977-01-01

    Full Text Available ........................................................................ Soft floor coverings 39 Carpets ......................................................................................... 40 Laying carpets ............................................................................. 44 Wooden floors... the glue that holds the finish, causing woodwork to swell and some carpets to rot. It can carry with it dissolved salts from thesoil and thegarden and deposit theseon the floor, spoiling the finish and even flaking stonework. Water vapour can sometimes...

  7. The effects of a lifestyle physical activity counseling program with feedback of a pedometer during pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with COPD : A pilot study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Flokstra-de Blok, Bertine; de Greef, Mathieu; ten Hacken, Nicolaas; Sprenger, S.; Postema, Klaas; Wempe, Johan

    Objective: To study the effects of a lifestyle physical activity counseling program with feedback of a pedometer during pulmonary rehabilitation. Methods: Twenty-one chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients were randomized to an experimental group that followed a regular rehabilitation

  8. Pelvic floor muscle training as a persistent nursing intervention: Effect on delivery outcome and pelvic floor myodynamia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Wang

    2014-03-01

    Conclusion: Persistent nursing intervention for pregnant/postpartum women helped to shorten the second stage of labour and contributed to the recovery of postpartum pelvic floor myodynamia. The influence of this intervention on the delivery mode, and rates of episiotomy and perineal laceration remains unknown. Medical staff should strengthen health education programmes that involve pelvic floor functional rehabilitation.

  9. Evaluation of the effectiveness of a phonoaudiology program for the rehabilitation of dysphagia in the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santoro, P; e Silva, I L; Cardoso, F; Dias, E; Beresford, H

    2011-01-01

    The object of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a phonoaudiology rehabilitation program directed towards the degenerative changes of the neurophysiological mechanisms responsible for the upper digestive system compromised by the age between 80 and 90 years, in a regime of internment in a long permanence institution in the city of Rio de Janeiro, which express, bodily, their difficulty in swallowing food of liquid or pasty consistency. To achieve such an object, the current study was developed in an experimental format or design, comprised of a sample group of 23 elderly subjects, of both genders, undergoing evaluation by the phonoaudiology protocol for evaluating the risk of dysphagia (abbreviated from the Portuguese name: Protocolo de Avaliação do Risco para Disfagia=PARD), pre- and post-intervention procedure. The developed program used the indirect therapy approach based on the adaptive myotherapeutic and myofunctional stimulation, contemplating two isometric and isokinetic orofacial active myotherapeutic exercises, two passive myotherapeutic manipulations for the supra-hyoidal musculature, as well as adaptive cephalic postural maneuvres, associated to the intra-oral olfactive and gustative sensory stimulation. The evolution of the individuals was analyzed before and after the therapy by estimating the capacity of swallowing food in the liquid fluid (LF) consistency, by the paired Student t-test, giving a p=0.01, making the difference of 2.31 between the 2 evaluations statistically significant. The changes produced by the PARD program in the capacity of individuals in swallowing food of a pasty consistency were also significant when analyzing the variance of the results on the 2 instances by using the F-test (pre- and post-intervention difference=4.47, p=0.039). Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Can a chronic disease management pulmonary rehabilitation program for COPD reduce acute rural hospital utilization?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasekaba, T M; Williams, E; Hsu-Hage, B

    2009-01-01

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) imposes a costly burden on healthcare. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is the best practice to better manage COPD to improve patient outcomes and reduce acute hospital care utilization. To evaluate the impact of a once-weekly, eight-week multidisciplinary PR program as an integral part of the COPD chronic disease management (CDM) Program at Kyabram District Health Services. The study compared two cohorts of COPD patients: CDM-PR Cohort (4-8 weeks) and Opt-out Cohort (0-3 weeks) between February 2006 and March 2007. The CDM-PR Program involved multidisciplinary patient education and group exercise training. Nonparametric statistical tests were used to compare acute hospital care utilization 12 months before and after the introduction of CDM-PR. The number of patients involved in the CDM-PR Cohort was 29 (n = 29), and that in the Opt-out Cohort was 24 (n = 24). The CDM-PR Cohort showed significant reductions in cumulative acute hospital care utilization indicators (95% emergency department presentations, 95% inpatient admissions, 99% length of stay; effect sizes = 0.62-0.66, P indicators were statistically insignificant for the Opt-out Cohort (emergency department presentations decreased by 5%, inpatient admissions decreased by 12%, length of stay increased by 30%; effect size = 0.14-0.40, P > 0.05). Total costs associated with the hospital care utilization decreased from $130,000 to $7,500 for the CDM-PR Cohort and increased from $77,700 to $101,200 for the Opt-out Cohort. Participation in the CDM-PR for COPD patients can significantly reduce acute hospital care utilization and associated costs in a small rural health service.

  11. Benzodiazepine use in patients with chronic pain in an interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Julie L; Craner, Julia R; Evans, Michele M; Hooten, W Michael

    2017-01-01

    Objectives In the context of widespread opioid use, increased emphasis has been placed on the potentially deleterious effects of concurrent benzodiazepine (BZD) and opioid use. Although use of opioids in chronic pain has been a major focus, BZD use is equally concerning. Thus, the primary aim of this study was to determine the associations between BZD and opioid use in adults with chronic pain upon admission to an outpatient interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation (IPR) program. Methods The study cohort involved 847 consecutive patients admitted to a 3-week outpatient IPR program from January 2013 through December 2014. Study variables included baseline demographic and clinical characteristics, Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale, Pain Catastrophizing Scale, and the pain severity subscale of the Multidimensional Pain Inventory. Results Upon admission, 248 (29%) patients were taking BZDs. Patients using BZDs were significantly more likely to use opioids and to be female. Additionally, patients using BZDs had significantly greater depression, pain catastrophizing, and pain severity scores. In univariable logistic regression analysis, opioid use, female sex, and greater scores of depression, pain catastrophizing, and pain severity were significantly associated with BZD use. In multivariable logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, pain duration, opioid use, depression, pain catastrophizing, and pain severity, only female sex and greater depression scores were significantly associated with BZD use. Discussion Among patients participating in an outpatient IPR program, female sex and greater depression scores were associated with BZD use. Results identify a high prevalence of BZD use in patients with chronic pain and reinforce the need to weigh the risks versus benefits when prescribing in this patient population. PMID:28223841

  12. Resident selection for a physical medicine and rehabilitation program: feasibility and reliability of the multiple mini-interview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finlayson, Heather C; Townson, Andrea F

    2011-04-01

    The development of a process to select the best residents for training programs is challenging. There is a paucity of literature to support the implementation of an evidence-based approach or even best practice for program directors and selection committees. Although assessment of traditional academic markers such as clerkship grades and licensing examination scores can be helpful, these measures typically fail to capture performance in the noncognitive domains of medicine. In the specialty of physical medicine and rehabilitation, physician competencies such as communication, health advocacy, and managerial and collaborative skills are of particular importance, but these are often difficult to evaluate in admission interviews. Recent research on admission processes for medical schools has demonstrated reliability and validity of the "multiple mini-interview." The objective of our project was to develop and evaluate the multiple mini-interview for a physical medicine and rehabilitation residency training program, with a focus on assessment of the noncognitive physician competencies. We found that the process was feasible, time efficient, and cost-efficient and that there was good interrater reliability. The multiple mini-interview may be applied to other physical medicine and rehabilitation residency programs. Further research is needed to confirm reliability and determine validity.

  13. Benefits of Centralized Scheduling in a Postacute Residential Rehabilitation Program for People With Acquired Brain Lesions: A Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vestri, Alec; Pizzighello, Silvia; Piccoli, Sara; Martinuzzi, Andrea

    2017-04-01

    To determine whether the use of a designated staff person to coordinate and schedule therapy services in a postacute residential rehabilitation program for people with acquired brain lesions results in (1) a higher-intensity treatment and a reduced length of stay; (2) reduced rehabilitation costs; and (3) increased patient and staff satisfaction. This nonrandomized retrospective study from 2009 through 2012 uses data collected relative to 2 different methods of scheduling: (1) self-planning, in which each single team member makes appointments that are then displayed on a shared board; and (2) managed planning, in which appointments are made by a designated staff person. A residential center for people with postacute acquired brain lesions. Patients (N=20) with acquired brain lesions who had similar clinical and demographic characteristics comprised the managed planning group (n=10) and the self-planning group (n=10). Not applicable. Organizational measures (length of stay in rehabilitation, number of treatment hours, total cost of rehabilitation), clinical outcome scales (Disability Rating Scale, FIM, and Barthel Index), perceived quality of treatment by patients (questionnaire), and perceived satisfaction of team members (Job Descriptive Index). All patients improved on all clinical rating scales at the time of discharge (all effect sizes are large). In the managed planning group, the number of treatment hours increased (Cohen's d=2.15), resulting in reduced length of stay (Cohen's d=.95) and cost of rehabilitation (Cohen's d=1.22). In addition, the quality of treatment perceived by the patients and their families increased, while team member satisfaction did not change. The use of a designated staff person to manage therapy services improves efficiency and efficacy of a patient-centered health care system. The proposed scheduling system results in a remarkable cost saving for the National Health System. Copyright © 2017 American Congress of Rehabilitation

  14. Restoration of sensitivity to salinomycin in Eimeria following 5 flocks of broiler chickens reared in floor-pens using drug programs and vaccination to control coccidiosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, H D; Jeffers, T K

    2015-05-01

    Five successive flocks of broilers were reared in floor-pens and given different drug programs or were vaccinated against coccidiosis. Oocysts of Eimeria were isolated from the litter of pens during the fifth flock and their sensitivity to salinomycin (Sal) investigated by measuring new oocyst production following infection of medicated and unmedicated birds. Parasites obtained following 5 flocks given Sal were not well-controlled and it was concluded that they were partially resistant to the drug. Parasites obtained following 4 unmedicated flocks and one medicated flock were better controlled by Sal and it was concluded that in the absence of continuous medication there had been an improvement in drug efficacy. Sal almost completely suppressed oocyst production of isolates from treatments in which medication was followed by vaccination, indicating that when a drug program is followed by vaccination, restoration of sensitivity to Sal had occurred.

  15. Effects of botulinum toxin type A for spastic foot in post-stroke patients enrolled in a rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Halley Carvalho Pimentel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A on spastic foot in stroke patients in a rehabilitation program. Method: Hemiparetic stroke patients (n=21 enrolled in a rehabilitation program were divided into two groups. The first group (n=11 received a total of 300UI BTX-A, and the second group (n=10 received 100 UI BTX-A. All patients were assessed at baseline and 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after injection for Modified Ashworth Score, time walking 10 meters, and the Functional Independence Measure (mFIM motor score. Results: The higher-dose group exhibited a significant improvement in spasticity, and both groups showed an improvement in time walking 10 meters and mFIM, with no significant differences between them. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that gains in gait velocity and functional independence were not correlated to BTX-A dose.

  16. [THE WORLD EXPERIENCE OF THE PEDIATRIC INTESTINAL FAILURE PROGRAM: SUCCESSFUL OUTCOMES FROM INTESTINAL REHABILITATION].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbou, Benyamine; Sukhotnik, Igor; Rofe, Amnon

    2015-12-01

    Management of children with short bowel syndrome is optimized by interdisciplinary coordination of parenteral and enteral nutrition support, medical management of associated complications, surgical lengthening procedures, and intestinal transplantation. Pediatric Intestinal Failure Centers were established in 14 pediatric hospitals throughout the United States and Canada and the Pediatric Intestinal Failure Consortium has been developed and is implementing prospective, multi-institutional studies to better define the specific aspects of intestinal failure management that optimize long-term outcomes. The published data from these studies suggest that intestinal failure in pediatric patients is quite treatable and provides further evidence that all infants at risk for intestinal failure should be treated aggressively and referred early to a dedicated intestinal rehabilitation center. Improved communication and integration with the transplant service have resulted in earlier assessment, decreased rates of transplantation, and decreased mortality from liver failure. The data presented demonstrates that a newly established intestinal failure program can achieve excellent survival in a cohort of chronically ill and complex pediatric cases that have historically been associated with substantial mortality.

  17. Inpatient cardiac rehabilitation programs' exercise therapy for patients undergoing cardiac surgery: National Korean Questionnaire Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Yong Gon; Jang, Mi Ja; Park, Won Hah; Hong, Kyung Pyo; Sung, Jidong

    2017-02-01

    Inpatient cardiac rehabilitation (ICR) has been commonly conducted after cardiac surgery in many countries, and has been reported a lots of results. However, until now, there is inadequacy of data on the status of ICR in Korea. This study described the current status of exercise therapy in ICR that is performed after cardiac surgery in Korean hospitals. Questionnaires modified by previous studies were sent to the departments of thoracic surgery of 10 hospitals in Korea. Nine replies (response rate 90%) were received. Eight nurses and one physiotherapist completed the questionnaire. Most of the education on wards after cardiac surgery was conducted by nurses. On postoperative day 1, four sites performed sitting on the edge of bed, sit to stand, up to chair, and walking in the ward. Only one site performed that exercise on postoperative day 2. One activity (stairs up and down) was performed on different days at only two sites. Patients received education preoperatively and predischarge for preventing complications and reducing muscle weakness through physical inactivity. The results of the study demonstrate that there are small variations in the general care provided by nurses after cardiac surgery. Based on the results of this research, we recommended that exercise therapy programs have to conduct by exercise specialists like exercise physiologists or physiotherapists for patients in hospitalization period.

  18. Development of a program for tele-rehabilitation of COPD patients across sectors: co-innovation in a network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birthe Dinesen

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of the Telekat project is to prevent re-admissions of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD by developing a preventive programof tele-rehabilitation across sectors for COPD patients. The development of the program is based on a co-innovation process between COPD patients, relatives, healthcare professionals and representatives from private firms and universities. This paper discusses theobstacles that arise in the co-innovation process of developing an integrated technique for tele-rehabilitation of COPD patients.Theory: Network and innovation theory.Methods: The casestudy was applied. A triangulation of data collection techniques was used: documents, observations (123 hours, qualitative interviews (n=32 and action research.Findings: Obstacles were identified in the network context; these obstacles included the mindset of the healthcare professionals, inter-professionals relations, views of technology as a tool and competing visions for the goals of tele-rehabilitation.Conclusion: We have identified obstacles that emerge in the co-innovation process when developing a programme for tele-rehabilitation of COPD patients in an inter-organizational context. Action research has been carried out and can have helped to facilitate the co-innovation process.

  19. Development of a program for tele-rehabilitation of COPD patients across sectors: co-innovation in a network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birthe Dinesen

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of the Telekat project is to prevent re-admissions of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD by developing a preventive programof tele-rehabilitation across sectors for COPD patients. The development of the program is based on a co-innovation process between COPD patients, relatives, healthcare professionals and representatives from private firms and universities. This paper discusses theobstacles that arise in the co-innovation process of developing an integrated technique for tele-rehabilitation of COPD patients. Theory: Network and innovation theory. Methods: The casestudy was applied. A triangulation of data collection techniques was used: documents, observations (123 hours, qualitative interviews (n=32 and action research. Findings: Obstacles were identified in the network context; these obstacles included the mindset of the healthcare professionals, inter-professionals relations, views of technology as a tool and competing visions for the goals of tele-rehabilitation. Conclusion: We have identified obstacles that emerge in the co-innovation process when developing a programme for tele-rehabilitation of COPD patients in an inter-organizational context. Action research has been carried out and can have helped to facilitate the co-innovation process.

  20. Comparison of Two Post-Stroke Rehabilitation Programs: A Follow-Up Study among Primary versus Specialized Health Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega-Ramírez, Francisco Antonio; Rocamora-Pérez, Patricia; Aguilar-Parra, José Manuel; Padilla-Góngora, David

    2016-01-01

    Objective To compare home-based rehabilitation (RITH) and standard outpatient rehabilitation in a hospital setting, in terms of improving the functional recovery and quality of life of stroke patients. Study Design and Setting This was a prospective cohort study in Andalusia (Spain). Participants One hundred and forty-five patients completed the outcome data. Measures Daily activities were measured by the Barthel index, Canadian Neurological Scale (to assess mental state), Tinetti scale (balance and gait), and Short Form Health Survey-36 (SF-36 to compare the quality of life). Results No statistically significant differences were found between the two groups regarding the clinical characteristics of patients in the initial measurement, except for age and mental state (younger and with greater neurological impairment in the hospital group). After physical therapy, both groups showed statistically significant improvements from baseline in each of the measures. These improvements were better in RITH patients than in the hospital patients on all functionality scales with a smaller number of sessions. Conclusions Home rehabilitation is at least as effective as the outpatient rehabilitation programs in a hospital setting, in terms of recovery of functionality in post-stroke patients. Overall quality of life is severely impaired in both groups, as stroke is a very disabling disease that radically affects patients’ lives. PMID:27835673

  1. Correlation between changes in diastolic dysfunction and health-related quality of life after cardiac rehabilitation program in dilated cardiomyopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sherin H.M. Mehani

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Chronic heart failure (CHF is a complex syndrome characterized by progressive decline in left ventricular function, low exercise tolerance and raised mortality and morbidity. Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction plays a major role in CHF and progression of most cardiac diseases. The current recommended goals can theoretically be accomplished via exercise and pharmacological therapy so the aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of cardiac rehabilitation program on diastolic dysfunction and health related quality of life and to determine the correlation between changes in left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and domains of health-related quality of life (HRQoL. Forty patients with chronic heart failure were diagnosed as having dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM with systolic and diastolic dysfunction. The patients were equally and randomly divided into training and control groups. Only 30 of them completed the study duration. The training group participated in rehabilitation program in the form of circuit-interval aerobic training adjusted according to 55–80% of heart rate reserve for a period of 7 months. Circuit training improved both diastolic and systolic dysfunction in the training group. On the other hand, only a significant correlation was found between improvement in diastolic dysfunction and health related quality of life measured by Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire. It was concluded that improvement in diastolic dysfunction as a result of rehabilitation program is one of the important underlying mechanisms responsible for improvement in health-related quality of life in DCM patients.

  2. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation program: effects of a multimodal intervention for patients with Alzheimer’s disease and cognitive impairment without dementia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenda Dias Santos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Non-pharmalogical interventions represent an important complement to standard pharmalogical treatment in dementia. Objective This study aims to evaluate the effects of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program on cognitive ability, quality of life and depression symptoms in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD and cognitive impairment without dementia (CIND. Methods Ninety-seven older adults were recruited to the present study. Of these, 70 patients had mild AD and were allocated into experimental (n = 54 or control (n = 16 groups. Two additional active comparison groups were constituted with patients with moderate AD (n = 13 or with CIND (n = 14 who also received the intervention. The multidisciplinary rehabilitation program lasted for 12 weeks and was composed by sessions of memory training, recreational activities, verbal expression and writing, physical therapy and physical training, delivered in two weekly 6-hour sessions. Results As compared to controls, mild AD patients who received the intervention had improvements in cognition (p = 0.021 and quality of life (p = 0.003, along with a reduction in depressive symptoms (p < 0.001. As compared to baseline, CIND patients displayed at the end of the intervention improvements in cognition (p = 0.005 and depressive symptoms (p = 0.011. No such benefits were found among patients with moderate AD.Discussion: This multidisciplinary rehabilitation program was beneficial for patients with mild AD and CIND. However, patients with moderate dementia did not benefit from the intervention.

  3. The effect of an educational intervention on coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients' participation rate in cardiac rehabilitation programs: a controlled health care trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novikov Ilia

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cardiac rehabilitation has a beneficial effect on the prognosis and quality of life of cardiac patients, and has been found to be cost-effective. This report describes a comprehensive and low cost educational intervention designed to increase the attendance at cardiac rehabilitation programs of patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Methods/Design A controlled prospective intervention trial. The control arm comprised 520 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery between January 2004 and May 2005 in five medical centers across Israel. This group received no additional treatment beyond usual care. The intervention arm comprised 504 patients recruited from the same cardiothoracic departments between June 2005 and November 2006. This group received oral and written explanations about the advantages of participating in cardiac rehabilitation programs and a telephone call two weeks after hospital discharge intended to further encourage their enrollment. The medical staff attended a one-hour seminar on cardiac rehabilitation. In addition, it was recommended that referral to cardiac rehabilitation be added to the letter of discharge from the hospital. Both study groups were interviewed before surgery and one-year post surgery. A one-year post-operative interview assessed factors affecting patient attendance at cardiac rehabilitation programs, as well as the structure and content of the cardiac rehabilitation programs attended. Anthropometric parameters were measured at pre- and post-operative interviews;- and medical information was obtained from patient medical records. The effect of cardiac rehabilitation on one- and three-year mortality was assessed. Discussion We report a low cost yet comprehensive intervention designed to increase cardiac rehabilitation participation by raising both patient and medical staff awareness to the potential benefits of cardiac rehabilitation. Trial

  4. Finding of No Significant Impact & Tiered Environmental Assessment: Public Law 84-99 Rehabilitation Program Levee Unit R-627 - Grace Street Ditch, Douglas County, Nebraska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    99 REHABILITATION PROGRAM Levee Unit R-627 – Grace Street Ditch Douglas County, Nebraska December 2014 PROJECT...Environmental Assessment: Public Law 84-99 Rehabilitation Program Levee Unit R-627 ??? Grace Street Ditch Douglas County, Nebraska 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b...UNIT R-627 – GRACE STREET DITCH BANK EROSION REPAIR PROJECT OMAHA, DOUGLAS COUNTY, NEBRASKA December 2014 In accordance with the National

  5. Principles of developing a well-rounded program of physical rehabilitation for female students in the special medical group with consideration of physical activity impairment

    OpenAIRE

    Golod N. R.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose : to highlight the main provisions of a comprehensive physical rehabilitation program for students of special medical group based on violations of the motor capacity. Material : testing 24 students of special medical group and the same number of their healthy peers on standardized tests of physical qualities. To reflect the movement disorders applied functional movement screen. Results : a program of rehabilitation of the students included: lifestyle modification; morning hygienic gym...

  6. Cardiac Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... your risk of future heart problems, and to improve your health and quality of life. Cardiac rehabilitation programs increase ... exercise routine at home or at a local gym. You may also continue to ... health concerns. Education about nutrition, lifestyle and weight loss ...

  7. Rehabilitation Aids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center on Educational Media and Materials for the Handicapped, Columbus, OH.

    Selected from the National Instructional Materials Information System (NIMIS)--a computer based on-line interactive retrieval system on special education materials--the bibliography covers 40 equipment items for rehabilitation and physical therapy programs for all levels of handicapped children. Described are such items as a handygym, a suspension…

  8. Effects of the Web Behavior Change Program for Activity and Multimodal Pain Rehabilitation: Randomized Controlled Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaelson, Peter; Gard, Gunvor; Eriksson, Margareta K

    2016-01-01

    Background Web-based interventions with a focus on behavior change have been used for pain management, but studies of Web-based interventions integrated in clinical practice are lacking. To emphasize the development of cognitive skills and behavior, and to increase activity and self-care in rehabilitation, the Web Behavior Change Program for Activity (Web-BCPA) was developed and added to multimodal pain rehabilitation (MMR). Objective The objective of our study was to evaluate the effects of MMR in combination with the Web-BCPA compared with MMR among persons with persistent musculoskeletal pain in primary health care on pain intensity, self-efficacy, and copying, as part of a larger collection of data. Web-BCPA adherence and feasibility, as well as treatment satisfaction, were also investigated. Methods A total of 109 participants, mean age 43 (SD 11) years, with persistent pain in the back, neck, shoulder, and/or generalized pain were recruited to a randomized controlled trial with two intervention arms: (1) MMR+WEB (n=60) and (2) MMR (n=49). Participants in the MMR+WEB group self-guided through the eight modules of the Web-BCPA: pain, activity, behavior, stress and thoughts, sleep and negative thoughts, communication and self-esteem, solutions, and maintenance and progress. Data were collected with a questionnaire at baseline and at 4 and 12 months. Outcome measures were pain intensity (Visual Analog Scale), self-efficacy to control pain and to control other symptoms (Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale), general self-efficacy (General Self-Efficacy Scale), and coping (two-item Coping Strategies Questionnaire; CSQ). Web-BCPA adherence was measured as minutes spent in the program. Satisfaction and Web-BCPA feasibility were assessed by a set of items. Results Of 109 participants, 99 received the allocated intervention (MMR+WEB: n=55; MMR: n=44); 88 of 99 (82%) completed the baseline and follow-up questionnaires. Intention-to-treat analyses were performed with a sample

  9. [Benefits of a home-based pulmonary rehabilitation program for patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regiane Resqueti, Vanessa; Gorostiza, Amaia; Gáldiz, Juan B; López de Santa María, Elena; Casan Clarà, Pere; Güell Rous, Rosa

    2007-11-01

    The benefits of a domiciliary program of pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with severe to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are uncertain. We aimed to assess the short- and medium-term efficacy of such a program in this clinical setting. Patients with severe COPD (stages III-IV, classification of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) and incapacitating dyspnea (scores 3-5, Medical Research Council [MRC] scale) were randomized to a control or domiciliary rehabilitation group. The 9-week supervised pulmonary rehabilitation program included educational sessions, respiratory physiotherapy, and muscle training in weekly sessions in the patient's home. We assessed the following variables at baseline, 9 weeks, and 6 months: lung function, exercise tolerance (3-minute walk test), dyspnea (MRC score), and health-related quality of life with the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ). Thirty-eight patients with a mean (SD) age of 68 (6) years were enrolled. The mean MRC score was 4 (0.8) and mean forced expiratory volume in 1 second was 29% of reference. Twenty-nine patients completed the study (6 months). Distance covered on the walk test increased significantly in the rehabilitation group (P=.001) and the difference was maintained at 6 months. Dyspnea also improved significantly with rehabilitation (P<.05), but the reduction was not evident at 6 months. Statistically significant improvements in symptoms related to 2 CRQ domains were detected between baseline and 9 weeks: dyspnea (3.1 [0.8] vs 3.6 [0.7]; P=.02) and fatigue (3.7 [0.8] vs 4.2 [0.9]; P=.002). A clinically relevant but not statistically significant change in mastery over disease was detected (from 4.3 to 4.9). All improvements were maintained at 6 months. Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with severe to very severe COPD and severe functional incapacity leads to improvements in exercise tolerance and health-related quality of life that are

  10. 76 FR 15964 - Funding Priorities: Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-22

    ... activities, including international activities, to develop methods, procedures, and rehabilitation technology... among students with disabilities, access to healthcare services among people with disabilities, and... outcome by-- (1) Combining or adapting knowledge translation approaches from the existing literature...

  11. Is there any difference between non-obese male and female in response to cardiac rehabilitation programs?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoumeh Sadeghi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Coronary artery disease (CAD is the leading cause of death and disability all over the world. A sedentary lifestyle and dyslipidemia are known to be the major risk factors, which play an important role in the progression of coronary artery disease. Regarding gender differences, the risk of developing coronary heart disease is recognized as being different between non-obese males and non-obese females. Hence, the aim of this study is to assess the benefits of a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP on the functional capacity and lipid profiles, such as, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol in non-obese males and non-obese females with coronary artery disease, and comparing these groups. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 585 non-obese males and females with coronary artery disease. All the participants completed the cardiac rehabilitation program for two months, which included 24 exercise training sessions, medical evaluation, and consultation. For investigation of the effects of the cardiac rehabilitation program on the functional capacity and lipid profiles, exercise tests were carried out by each patient, and also, their blood samples were taken on entrance and at the end of this period. Results: The findings, following 24 sessions in the cardiac rehabilitation program, showed that the functional capacity (P = 0.00 and all lipid profiles had significantly improved in both the groups, except that the high density lipoprotein cholesterol did not show a significant difference in non-obese females. In addition, comparing the two groups did not show any significant differences in lipid profiles, but the changes in functional capacity were significant (P = 0.00 between the two groups, following the cardiac rehabilitation program. Conclusion: The CRP, which was performed by the patients under supervision of a physician and an exercise physiologist

  12. Differential Effects of Two Rehabilitation Programs Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Setuain, Igor; Izquierdo, Mikel; Idoate, Fernando

    2017-01-01

    Context- The muscular function restoration related to the type of physical rehabilitation followed after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using autologous hamstring tendon graft in terms of strength and cross sectional area (CSA) remain controversial. Objective- To analyze the CSA...... to persist in both rehabilitation groups. However, OCBR after ACLR lead to substantial gains on maximal knee flexor strength and ensured more symmetrical anterior-posterior laxity levels at the knee joint....

  13. A manual-based vocational rehabilitation program for patients with an acquired brain injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoeffding, Louise K; Nielsen, Maria Haahr; Rasmussen, Morten A

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: An acquired brain injury (ABI) is a complex injury often followed by a broad range of cognitive, physical, emotional, and behavioral disabilities. Because of these disabilities, vocational rehabilitation (VR) is a challenging task, however, of great importance, since approximately 75...... and possibly a cost-utility analysis of the intervention will be performed. DISCUSSION: This study consists of a comprehensive multidiciplinary VR intervention involving several parties such as the municipalities, a specialized rehabilitation team, and patients' own family caregivers. If this intervention...

  14. Pelvic floor and sexual male dysfunction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Pischedda

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The pelvic floor is a complex multifunctional structure that corresponds to the genito- urinary-anal area and consists of muscle and connective tissue. It supports the urinary, fecal, sexual and reproductive functions and pelvic statics. The symptoms caused by pelvic floor dysfunction often affect the quality of life of those who are afflicted, worsening significantly more aspects of daily life. In fact, in addition to providing support to the pelvic organs, the deep floor muscles support urinary continence and intestinal emptying whereas the superficial floor muscles are involved in the mechanism of erection and ejaculation. So, conditions of muscle hypotonia or hypertonicity may affect the efficiency of the pelvic floor, altering both the functionality of the deep and superficial floor muscles. In this evolution of knowledge it is possible imagine how the rehabilitation techniques of pelvic floor muscles, if altered and able to support a voiding or evacuative or sexual dysfunction, may have a role in improving the health and the quality of life.

  15. Cardiac rehabilitation program in patients with Chagas heart failure: a single-arm pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The benefit of a cardiac rehabilitation (CR program for patients with Chagas heart failure (CHF remains unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effects of CR for CHF patients. METHODS: A single-arm pilot study, including 12 patients with CHF, was performed. Patients participated in an 8-month physical exercise intervention, comprising aerobic, strength, and stretching exercises (3 times per week, 60 minutes per session. Nutritional and pharmaceutical counseling were also performed. Functional capacity (cardiopulmonary exercise test, muscle respiratory strength (manovacuometry, and body composition (anthropometry and skinfolds were evaluated at baseline, and after 4 and 8 months of intervention. Cardiac function (echocardiography, biomarkers (lipid profile, glucose, and glycated hemoglobin and quality of life (Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire were assessed at baseline and at the end of the intervention. RESULTS: Seven of 12 patients included in the study completed the 8-month follow-up period. Only 2 moderate adverse events occurred during the exercise training. Functional capacity improved after 4 months of CR, while left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF and respiratory strength improved after 8 months. Patients with right ventricular (RV dysfunction at baseline exhibited an improvement in functional capacity after 4 months, and improvements in left ventricular (LV diastolic pressure, respiratory strength, and quality of life at the end of follow-up. Conversely, those with normal baseline RV function demonstrated LVEF increases that were not observed in patients with RV dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: CR was feasible, safe, and has important clinical benefits for patients with CHF, specifically for cardiac function and muscle respiratory strength.

  16. Efficacy of simple integrated group rehabilitation program for patients with knee osteoarthritis: Single-blind randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Flávio S; de Melo, Flávio E S; do Amaral, Marcelo M G; Caldas, Vinícius V A; Pinheiro, Íria Lúcia D; Abreu, Bento J; Vieira, Wouber H

    2015-01-01

    We investigated the role of an evidence-based integrated group rehabilitation program on the treatment of patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). This was a two-group, randomized controlled, 8 wk trial with 41 patients with moderate to very severe KOA. Patients were assigned to an intervention group (IG) or control group (CG). After both groups had received a self-management education program, IG participants underwent a rehabilitation program, including educational aspects about KOA followed by exercises. CG participants received only general health orientation about KOA during this period. The outcome measures were the Lequesne algofunctional index; 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36); and chair-stand, sit-and-reach, timed up-and-go, and 6-minute walk tests. Analysis of covariance revealed significant postintervention improvements of IG participants compared with CG participants (p program reduced pain and improved quality of life and function in patients with KOA. ClinicalTrials.gov; Progressive Collective-exercise Program on the Knee Osteoarthritis; NCT01850862; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01850862?term=NCT01850862&rank=1.

  17. A flexible format interdisciplinary treatment and rehabilitation program for chronic daily headache: patient clinical features, resource utilization and outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Pamela M; Schultz, Geoffrey R; Jarrell, John F; Becker, Werner J

    2014-09-01

    To describe the demographics, diagnoses, program duration, human resource utilization and outcomes of patients with chronic daily headache treated in an ambulatory, interdisciplinary, flexible format, treatment and rehabilitation program. Research indicates that multidisciplinary care is an effective approach to manage chronic daily headache, but little is known about the resources needed for effective care. The study was a secondary data analysis within a cohort design of previously collected data. Patients completed questionnaires and outcome measures on admission and discharge. Diagnoses were extracted from patient charts by professional health records personnel. A central scheduling database provided patient-specific clinician care hours by discipline and type (direct, indirect, group) as well as overall program duration. One hundred and eighteen patients were studied (mean age 41.1 ± 10.4   [x ± SD], 80% female). Sixty-two patients (52.5%) completed the program ("completers"). Migraine was the most common diagnosis. Thirty-six percent of patients had medication overuse. Average pain, mood, disability, and quality of life were significantly improved in completers (P resources used by our program in the treatment and rehabilitation of these patients. © 2014 American Headache Society.

  18. Burn Rehabilitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koray Aydemir

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Burn injuries are important in terms of causing serious disability and threatening life. With the establishment of modern burn treatment units and advances in acute care management contributed to a reduced mortality rate over the last decades. As a result of improved outcome, more attention has to be given to a comprehensive burn rehabilitation program. Burn rehabilitation is a process that starts from day of admission and continues for months or sometimes years after the initial event. The term ‘burn rehabilitation’ incorporates the physical, physiological and social aspects of care. Burns can leave a patient with severely debilitating and deforming contractures, which can lead to significant disability when left untreated. Burn rehabilitation aims to prevent the possible complications, minimalize joint contractures and deformities, increase range of motion, control hypertrophic scarring, achieve the best possible functional capacity and to regain the patients vocational and recreational activities. (Journal of the Turkish Society Intensive Care 2011; 9 Suppl: 70-7

  19. Spitting in the Ocean: Realistic Expectations of the Impact of Driver Alcohol Education and Rehabilitation Programs on the Problem of Drunk Driving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waller, Patricia F.

    Alcohol education and rehabilitation programs are widely accepted as an integral part of the enforcement of drunk driving laws; however, careful evaluations of these programs generally fail to show subsequent beneficial effects on traffic crashes. This fact is due in part to the many barriers to conducting sound program evaluations and in part to…

  20. Pipeline rehabilitation planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palmer-Jones, Roland; Hopkins, Phil; Eyre, David [PENSPEN (United Kingdom)

    2005-07-01

    An operator faced with an onshore pipeline that has extensive damage must consider the need for rehabilitation, the sort of rehabilitation to be used, and the rehabilitation schedule. This paper will consider pipeline rehabilitation based on the authors' experiences from recent projects, and recommend a simple strategy for planning pipeline rehabilitation. It will also consider rehabilitation options: external re-coating; internal lining; internal painting; programmed repairs. The main focus will be external re-coating. Consideration will be given to rehabilitation coating types, including tape wraps, epoxy, and polyurethane. Finally it will discuss different options for scheduling the rehabilitation of corrosion damage including: the statistical comparison of signals from inspection pigs; statistical comparison of selected measurements from inspection pigs and other inspections; the use of corrosion rates estimated for the mechanisms and conditions; expert judgement. (author)

  1. Is a 6-week supervised pelvic floor muscle exercise program effective in preventing stress urinary incontinence in late pregnancy in primigravid women?: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangsawang, Bussara; Sangsawang, Nucharee

    2016-02-01

    The study investigated the effect of a 6-week supervised pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) program to prevent stress urinary incontinence (SUI) at 38 weeks' gestation. We conducted a randomized controlled trial into two arms design: one intervention group and one control group, using the randomly computer-generated numbers. A research assistant, who was not involved with care of the participants, randomly drawn up and opened the envelope for each participant to allocate into the intervention group and the control group. The investigators could not be blinded to allocation. Seventy primigravid women who had continent with gestational ages of 20-30 weeks were randomly assigned to participate in the intervention (n=35) and control groups (n=35). The intervention was a supervised 6-week PFME program with verbal instruction and a handbook, three training sessions of 45 min with the main researcher (at 1st, 3rd and 5th week of the program) and self-daily training at home for an overall period of 6 weeks. The control condition was the PFME and the stop test had been trained by the main researcher to all of the participants in the intervention group. The primary outcome was self-reported of SUI, and the secondary outcome was the severity of SUI in pregnant women which comprises of frequency, volume of urine leakage and score of perceived severity of SUI in late pregnancy at 38th weeks of pregnancy. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square test, Independent-sample t-test, and Mann-Whitney U-test. Significance P-value was pregnancy. The women who performed PFME program under the training sessions once every two weeks found that the program demands less time, incurs lower costs and possibly offers more motivation to exercise. This 6-week supervised PFME program may be suitable in real clinical situation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Verification of the mediation effect of recovery resilience according to the relation between elderly users’ participation in exercise rehabilitation program and their successful aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Min-soo

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to verify the mediation effect of recovery resilience according to the relation between Senior Citizen Community Center (SCCC) elderly users’ participation in exercise rehabilitation programs and their successful aging. Toward that end, 400 65-yr or older participants and non-participants in SCCCs’ exercise rehabilitation programs, living in Incheon, were sampled. Of their answered questionnaires, 35 copies which were deemed low-reliability, duplicated, and inadequately specified were excluded from the analysis. And, the other data were coded through computers, and underwent a descriptive statistical analysis (DSA) and a standard multiple regression analysis (SMRA) using Windows SPSS/PC+21.0 Version statistical program. Thus it was firstly found that elderly people’s participation or non-participation in exercise rehabilitation programs partially influenced their recovery resilience and successful aging. The participants group, compared with the non-participants group, had greater recovery resilience and experienced successful aging. Second, the relation between the degree of participation in exercise rehabilitation programs, recovery resilience and successful aging revealed that the longer and the more frequent the participation in exercise rehabilitation programs was, the greater the recovery resilience was and the more successful aging was. Third, the verification of the mediation effect of recovery resilience in the relation between the program participation degree and the successful aging revealed that, compared with those of the model of direct effects of independent variables and dependent variables, the recovery resilience-mediated model’s verification power and explanation power were greater. PMID:25426471

  3. Efficacy of simple integrated group rehabilitation program for patients with knee osteoarthritis: Single-blind randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio S. da Silva, MS

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the role of an evidence-based integrated group rehabilitation program on the treatment of patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA. This was a two-group, randomized controlled, 8 wk trial with 41 patients with moderate to very severe KOA. Patients were assigned to an intervention group (IG or control group (CG. After both groups had received a self-management education program, IG participants underwent a rehabilitation program, including educational aspects about KOA followed by exercises. CG participants received only general health orientation about KOA during this period. The outcome measures were the Lequesne algofunctional index; 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36; and chair-stand, sit-and-reach, timed up-and-go, and 6-minute walk tests. Analysis of covariance revealed significant postintervention improvements of IG participants compared with CG participants (p < 0.05 on Lequesne total score and pain and function subdomains; SF-36 physical function, role physical, bodily pain, general health, vitality, and role emotional subdomains; and performance assessed by chair-stand, timed up-and-go, and 6-minute walk tests. Focusing on the primary outcome (Lequesne total score, the mean +/– standard deviation after 8 wk was 5.50 +/– 2.98 for the IG and 7.87 +/– 3.48 for the CG (p = 0.009. The corresponding effect size (partial eta squared with 90% confidence interval was 0.23 (0.04–0.42, indicating a large effect. The presented rehabilitation program reduced pain and improved quality of life and function in patients with KOA.

  4. Ideal timing to transfer from an acute care hospital to an interdisciplinary inpatient rehabilitation program following a stroke: an exploratory study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadeau Sylvie

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Timely accessibility to organized inpatient stroke rehabilitation services may become compromised since the demand for rehabilitation services following stroke is rapidly growing with no promise of additional resources. This often leads to prolonged lengths of stays in acute care facilities for individuals surviving a stroke. It is believed that this delay spent in acute care facilities may inhibit the crucial motor recovery process taking place shortly after a stroke. It is important to document the ideal timing to initiate intensive inpatient stroke rehabilitation after the neurological event. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the specific influence of short, moderate and long onset-admission intervals (OAI on rehabilitation outcomes across homogeneous subgroups of patients who were admitted to a standardized interdisciplinary inpatient stroke rehabilitation program. Methods A total of 418 patients discharged from the inpatient neurological rehabilitation program at the Montreal Rehabilitation Hospital Network after a first stroke (79% of all cases reviewed were included in this retrospective study. After conducting a matching procedure across these patients based on the degree of disability, gender, and age, a total of 40 homogeneous triads (n = 120 were formed according to the three OAI subgroups: short (less than 20 days, moderate (between 20 and 40 days or long (over 40 days; maximum of 70 days OAI subgroups. The rehabilitation outcomes (admission and discharge Functional Independence Measure scores (FIM, absolute and relative FIM gain scores, rehabilitation length of stay, efficiency scores were evaluated to test for differences between the three OAI subgroups. Results Analysis revealed that the three OAI subgroups were comparable for all rehabilitation outcomes studied. No statistical difference was found for admission (P = 0.305–0.972 and discharge (P = 0.083–0.367 FIM scores, absolute (P = 0

  5. Rehabilitation in the Punitive Era: The Gap between Rhetoric and Reality in U.S. Prison Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phelps, Michelle S.

    2013-01-01

    Scholars of mass incarceration point to the 1970s as a pivotal turning point in U.S. penal history, marked by a shift towards more punitive policies and a consensus that “nothing works” in rehabilitating inmates. However, while there has been extensive research on changes in policy-makers’ rhetoric, sentencing policy, and incarceration rates, we know very little about changes in the actual practices of punishment and prisoner rehabilitation. Using nationally representative data for U.S. state prisons, this article demonstrates that there were no major changes in investments in specialized facilities, funding for inmate services-related staff, or program participation rates throughout the late 1970s and the 1980s. Not until the 1990s, more than a decade after the start of the punitive era, do we see patterns of inmate services change, as investments in programming switch from academic to reentry-related programs. These findings suggest that there is a large gap between rhetoric and reality in the case of inmate services and that since the 1990s, inmate “rehabilitation” has increasingly become equated with reentry-related life skills programs. PMID:24014890

  6. Effects of a Rehabilitation Program on Perceived Environmental Barriers in Older Patients Recovering from Hip Fracture: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erja Portegijs

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. To study effects of a one-year multicomponent intervention on perceived environmental barriers in hip fracture patients. Design. Randomized controlled trial of a 12-month home-based rehabilitation aiming to improve mobility and function (ISRCTN53680197; secondary analyses. Subjects. Community-dwelling hip fracture patients on average 70 days after trauma (n=81. Methods. Assessments at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months later included perceived entrance-related barriers (e.g., indoor/outdoor stairs, lighting, floor surfaces, and storage for mobility devices and perceived barriers in the outdoor environment (poor street condition, hilly terrain, long-distances, and lack of resting places. Sum scores for entrance-related and outdoor barriers were analyzed using general estimating equation models. Results. At baseline, 48% and 37% of the patients perceived at least one entrance-related barrier, and 62% and 60% perceived at least one outdoor barrier in the intervention and control group, respectively. Over time, (P=0.003 the number of entrance-related barriers decreased in both groups (group P=0.395; interaction P=0.571. For outdoor barriers, time (P=0.199, group (P=0.911, and interaction effect (P=0.430 were not significant. Conclusion. Our intervention had no additional benefit over standard care in hip fracture patients. Further study is warranted to determine whether perceived environmental barriers can be reduced by interventions targeted at the older individual. This trial is registered with ISRCTN53680197.

  7. 体外磁波盆底治疗仪治疗对初产妇产后康复的作用探讨%Discussion of Effect of In-Vitro Magnetic Wave Pelvic Floor Therapeutic Apparatus Treatment on Postpartum Rehabilitation of Unipara

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚倩; 包蓬勃

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨体外磁波盆底治疗仪对产后康复的疗效。方法回顾性分析2012年9月至2013年9月在我院分娩的100例初产妇,其中50例初产妇采用传统的产后盆底肌锻炼(对照组),另50例产妇采用了体外磁波盆底治疗仪进行产后康复训练(研究组),对比两组产妇在产后康复情况以及抑郁和焦虑情况。结果研究组产妇的产后在产后尿失禁、女性性功能障碍、子宫收缩不良等方面康复效果显著优于对照组(P<0.05),同时研究组产妇的焦虑评分(41.35±3.47)分,抑郁评分(42.11±4.61)分,对照组产妇焦虑评分(48.57±4.62)分,抑郁评分(47.92±4.78)分,差异差异(P<0.05)。结论通过对初产妇在产后进行体外磁波盆底治疗仪康复锻炼,显著改善了康复情况,也减轻了产妇术后抑郁焦虑程度,值得推广。%Objective: To discuss the clinical effect of in-vitro magnetic wave pelvic floor therapeutic apparatus on postpartum rehabilitation. Method: 100 unipara underwent delivery in our hospital during September 2012 to September 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 50 cases were treated with conventional postpartum pelvic floor muscle exercise (control group) while the other 50 cases were treated with in-vitro magnetic wave pelvic floor therapeutic apparatus to do postpartum rehabilitation exercise (study group). Postpartum rehabilitation conditions and depression and anxiety conditions of puerpera of the 2 groups were compared. Result: On rehabilitation effects of postpartum uroclepsia, female sexual dysfunction and poor uterine contraction, study group was obviously superior to control group (P<0.05). Meanwhile, anxiety score and depression score of study group were separately (48.57±4.62) and (42.11±4.61) both lower than control group (48.57±4.62) and (47.92±4.78) (P<0.05). Conclusion: Postpartum rehabilitation exercise through in-vitro magnetic wave

  8. The Process of Motivating Inmates to Participate in Individual Programming System-Reflections on Prison Rehabilitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justyna Siemionow

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The rehabilitation process is a continuum of actions, changes obtained on its individual stages are the key to the success of the next step, a prisoner’s commitment in the process of changing is a very important part of rehabilitation. The prisoners may choose whether they actively participate in the rehabilitation process or not. If they decide, the completed tasks are evaluated by the staff. Currently it is still being looked for effective work with prisoners, how to change their behavior and the way of thinking. The stuff should build a specific interpersonal relationships with the prisoners because it creates opportunities to motivate the prisoners and let them see their strong points.

  9. Effect of six-month standardized tertiary rehabilitation program on the activities of daily living in stroke patients with hemiplegia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: At present, there are many studies on the rehabilitation therapy of stroke patients with hemiplegia, but there is deficiency of corresponding standardized rehabilitation program.OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of standardized tertiary rehabilitation on the activities of daily living in stroke patients with hemiplegia within 6 months after attack.DESIGN: A clinical observation.SETTING: Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Huashan Hospital of Fudan University.PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two outpatients and inpatients with acute stroke were selected from the Department of Neurology, Shanghai Huashan Hosptial from January 1999 to June 2003, including 49 males and 33 females, 40 - 80 years of age, with a mean age of (65 ± 11) years old. Inclusive criteria: According to the diagnostic standards for cerebrovascular diseases set by Fourth National Academic Meeting for Cerebrovascular Disease in 1995, the patients were diagnosed as new attack of cerebral infarction or cerebral hemorrhage, and confirmed by CT or MRI to be initial patients; They should be accorded with the following conditions, including within 1 week after stabilization of life signs, Glasgow coma score > 8 points, 40 - 80 years of age, with disturbance of limb function. Informed consents were obtained from all the patients or their relatives. Exclusive criteria: Patients were excluded due to active liver disease, liver and kidney malfunction, congestive heart failure, malignant tumor, history of dementia, failure in respiratory function,tetraplegia; cerebral infarction or cerebral hemorrhage for more than 3 weeks; unable to be followed up due to in other cities and provinces; psychiatric history; deafness and muteness. According to the will of the patients or their relatives, the patients who accepted the standardized rehabilitation program were enrolled as the treatment group (n =42), and the others as the control group (n =40). Approval was obtained from the ethical committee of the hospital

  10. Paralysis: Rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Forum About Us Donate Living with Paralysis > Rehabilitation Rehabilitation Rehabilitation and exercise are key to enhancing your health and quality of life. Find a rehabilitation center near you and become familiar with different ...

  11. Evaluation of a supervised multi-modal physical exercise program for prostate cancer survivors in the rehabilitation phase: Rationale and study protocol of the ProCaLife study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schega, Lutz; Törpel, Alexander; Hein, Nico; Napiontek, André; Wenzel, Constanze; Becker, Tim

    2015-11-01

    After treatment for localized prostate cancer, many survivors experience severe physical and psychological/psychosocial impairments, such as urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction, fatigue, depressive symptoms and decreased physical functioning. Physical activity and exercise can positively influence such side effects and improve quality of life. However, the majority of prostate cancer survivors are not physically active. Thus, supportive interventions, such as supervised exercise programs, are necessary. But particularly in the post-treatment phase, infrastructure and resources are limited and specific exercise recommendations for prostate cancer survivors do not yet exist. The ProCaLife study is a quasi-randomized controlled intervention trial evaluating a specific 26-week physical exercise program for prostate cancer survivors in the rehabilitation phase following medical treatment. Participants are assigned to one of two intervention groups (supervised multi-modal physical exercise including or not including further behavior-oriented techniques) or a control group (not receiving any supervised intervention). Exercise sessions are performed twice weekly and contain specific aerobic, strengthening, flexibility, balance, relaxation and pelvic floor/sphincter exercises as well as mixed games. Behavior-oriented techniques include physical activity-related knowledge transfer and barriers management. The primary endpoint quality of life and secondary psychological/psychosocial, urological, physical fitness and physical activity outcomes are assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention and follow-up time points. By evaluating a specific supervised multi-modal physical exercise program, the ProCaLife study contributes to identify effective forms of physical exercise for prostate cancer survivors in the rehabilitation phase. This is of great importance for establishing specific exercise recommendations which are missing so far.

  12. Best Practice Models of Effective Vocational Rehabilitation Service Delivery in the Public Rehabilitation Program: A Review and Synthesis of the Empirical Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Allison R.; Del Valle, Roy; Kim, Muwoong; Leahy, Michael J.

    2013-01-01

    Rehabilitation counselors and practitioners are under increased pressure to adopt and pursue evidenced-based practices, and the rehabilitation counseling literature has been criticized for a lack of empirical work providing support for individual-level interventions. The purpose of this literature review was to examine the last 25 years of…

  13. Rehabilitation of Female Prisoners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    CHINESE women imprisoned for various crimes undergo a reeducation and rehabilitation program which often results in repentance for past wrongdoings, and providing an avenue for them to make a fresh start. Female prisoners study general education courses, learn basic legal concepts and working skills as part of a rehabilitation program that helps reintigrate them into society upon release.

  14. Designing a theory- and evidence-based tailored eHealth rehabilitation aftercare program in Germany and the Netherlands: study protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Reinwand, Dominique; Kuhlmann, Tim; Wienert, Julian; de Vries, Hein; Lippke, Sonia

    2013-01-01

    Background Cardiac rehabilitation programs aim to improve health status and to decrease the risk of further cardiac events. Persons undergoing rehabilitation often have difficulties transferring the learned health behaviors into their daily routine after returning home and maybe to work. This includes physical activity as well as fruit and vegetable consumption. Computer-based tailored interventions have been shown to be effective in increasing physical activity as well as fruit and vegetable...

  15. Implementation of a Smoking Cessation Treatment Study at Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Programs: Smoking Behavior and Treatment Feasibility Across Varied Community-based Outpatient Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Malcolm S; Fallon, Bryan; Sonne, Susan; Nunes, Edward V; Lima, Jennifer; Jiang, Huiping; Tyson, Clare; Hiott, Robert; Arfken, Cynthia; Bohs, Rhonda; Orr, Deborah; Muir, Joan; Pihlgren, Eric; Loree, Amy; Fuller, Brett E; Giordano, Louis; Robinson, James; Rotrosen, John

    2007-09-01

    Cigarette smoking is widely prevalent among individuals in treatment for drug or alcohol dependence; however, the treatment of nicotine addiction in this population has numerous obstacles at both programmatic and patient levels. Despite these difficulties, recent studies have demonstrated moderate success in implementing smoking cessation treatment in drug rehabilitation programs. The National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network sponsored a smoking cessation study in 13 community-based outpatient substance abuse rehabilitation programs across the country. The study evaluated the effectiveness of smoking cessation treatment provided as an adjunct to substance abuse treatment-as-usual. This report summarizes the practical and clinical experiences encountered at each of the study sites with regard to implementing the smoking cessation treatment intervention. Smoking behavior of the treatment clientele was assessed by anonymous survey at each site. In addition, sites were systematically characterized by using program review and assessment tools completed by the respective staff and program directors at the site. Survey and recruitment data indicated that cigarette smoking is more prevalent and that smoking cessation treatment is more feasible, in methadone maintenance treatment programs. Other factors associated with smoking behavior and with the recruitment of drug- and alcohol-dependent individuals into the smoking cessation treatment study are described.

  16. Comparison of self-reported and register data on sickness absence among Norwegian patients participating in an occupational rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Øyeflaten

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sick leave and return to work are common outcome variables in studies where the aim is to measure the effect of targeted interventions for individuals that are on sick leave benefits or other allowances. Use of official register data is often restricted, and research on sick leave and return to work are often based on the participants self-reports. However, there is insufficient documentation that there is agreement between self-reports and register data on sick leave benefits and allowances.Aims: The aim of this study was to analyse the individuals' knowledge about states of sick leave benefits or allowances compared with register data from The Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV in Norway.Method: 153 individuals, sick-listed or on allowances, participated in a 4-week inpatient occupational rehabilitation program. 132 (86% answered a questionnaire on assessments of work, sick leave, and allowances three months after completed rehabilitation. Self-reported data were compared with register data from NAV according to four categories: working, sick-listed, on medical/vocational rehabilitation allowance or disability pension. Agreement between self-reported and register data was evaluated in cross-tabulations and reported with kappa values. Stratified analyses were done for gender, age, education, medical diagnosis and length of sick leave/allowances at baseline.Results: Good agreement was found for medical/vocational rehabilitation allowance (kappa=.70 and disability pension (kappa=.65. Moderate agreement was found for working (kappa=.49 and fair agreement for sick-listed (kappa=.36. Stratified analyses showed significant better kappa values for individuals that had been sick-listed less than 12 months before entering the rehabilitation program.Conclusions: Agreements from good to fair were found between self-reported and official register data on sick leave. However, official register data is preferred in research because this will

  17. Relevance of water gymnastics in rehabilitation programs in patients with chronic heart failure or coronary artery disease with normal left ventricular function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teffaha, Daline; Mourot, Laurent; Vernochet, Philippe; Ounissi, Fawzi; Regnard, Jacques; Monpère, Catherine; Dugué, Benoit

    2011-08-01

    Exercise training is included in cardiac rehabilitation programs to enhance physical capacity and cardiovascular function. Among the existing rehabilitation programs, exercises in water are increasingly prescribed. However, it has been questioned whether exercises in water are safe and relevant in patients with stable chronic heart failure (CHF), coronary artery disease (CAD) with normal systolic left ventricular function. The goal was to assess whether a rehabilitation program, including water-based gymnastic exercises, is safe and induces at least similar benefits as a traditional land-based training. Twenty-four male CAD patients and 24 male CHF patients with stable clinical status participated in a 3-week rehabilitation. They were randomized to either a group performing the training program totally on land (CADl, CHFl; endurance + callisthenic exercises) or partly in water (CADw, CHFw; land endurance + water callisthenic exercises). Before and after rehabilitation, left ventricular systolic and cardiorespiratory functions, hemodynamic variables and autonomic nervous activities were measured. No particular complications were associated with both of our programs. At rest, significant improvements were seen in CHF patients after both types of rehabilitation (increases in stroke volume and left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF]) as well as a decrease in heart rate (HR) and in diastolic arterial pressure. Significant increases in peaks VO(2), HR, and power output were observed in all patients after rehabilitation in exercise test. The increase in LVEF at rest, in HR and power output at the exercise peak were slightly higher in CHFw than in CHFl. Altogether, both land and water-based programs were well tolerated and triggered improvements in cardiorespiratory function. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Predictors of improvement in the 12-minute walking distance following a six-week outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zu Wallack, R L; Patel, K; Reardon, J Z; Clark, B A; Normandin, E A

    1991-04-01

    We evaluated the relationship of clinical characteristics, pulmonary function, and exercise test data to the degree of improvement in the 12-minute walking distance (12MD) in 50 ambulatory outpatients completing a six-week pulmonary rehabilitation program. The 12MD increased by 27.7 +/- 32.5 percent, or 462 +/- 427 ft, by the end of the program. There were no significant relationships between improvement in the 12MD and age, sex, oxygen requirement, arterial blood gas levels, and pulmonary function; however, patients with a greater ventilatory reserve (1-[VEmax/MVV] x 100) had more improvement in their 12MD, both with respect to distance and percentage of increase over baseline. Additionally, patients with a lower peak oxygen consumption (VO2) and peak oxygen pulse (O2P) showed greater percentage of improvement in their 12MD. The magnitude of the initial 12MD was inversely related to its improvement, both with regard to distance (r = -0.43; r2 = 0.18; p less than 0.003) and percentage of increase (r = -0.71; r2 = 0.51; p less than 0.0001). Using stepwise regression, the combination of smaller initial 12MD and greater FEV1 was significantly predictive of improvement in the 12MD. Patients with poor performance on either a 12MD or maximal exercise test are not necessarily poor candidates for a pulmonary rehabilitation program.

  19. 38 CFR 21.70 - Vocational rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vocational rehabilitation...) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Duration of Rehabilitation Programs § 21.70 Vocational rehabilitation. (a) General. The goal of...

  20. Home-Based versus Hospital-Based Rehabilitation Program after Total Knee Replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Remedios López-Liria

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. To compare home-based rehabilitation with the standard hospital rehabilitation in terms of improving knee joint mobility and recovery of muscle strength and function in patients after a total knee replacement. Materials and Methods. A non-randomised controlled trial was conducted. Seventy-eight patients with a prosthetic knee were included in the study and allocated to either a home-based or hospital-based rehabilitation programme. Treatment included various exercises to restore strength and joint mobility and to improve patients’ functional capacity. The primary outcome of the trial was the treatment effectiveness measured by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC. Results. The groups did not significantly differ in the leg side (right/left or clinical characteristics (P>0.05. After the intervention, both groups showed significant improvements (P<0.001 from the baseline values in the level of pain (visual analogue scale, the range of flexion-extension motion and muscle strength, disability (Barthel and WOMAC indices, balance, and walking. Conclusions. This study reveals that the rehabilitation treatments offered either at home or in hospital settings are equally effective.

  1. 76 FR 24213 - Medicare Program; Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System for Federal Fiscal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-29

    ... of each FY the classification and weighting factors for the IRF prospective payment system (PPS) case... Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System (IRF PPS) B. Provisions of the Affordable Care Act Affecting the IRF PPS in FY 2012 and Beyond C. Operational Overview of the Current IRF PPS...

  2. Childhood Craniopharyngioma with Hypothalamic Obesity - No Long-term Weight Reduction due to Rehabilitation Programs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sterkenburg, A. S.; Hoffmann, A.; Gebhardt, U.; Waldeck, E.; Springer, S.; Mueller, H. L.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Severe obesity due to hypothalamic involvement has major impact on prognosis in long-term survivors of childhood craniopharyngioma. The long-term effects of rehabilitation efforts on weight development and obesity in these patients are not analyzed up to now. Patients and Methods: 108

  3. Development of a Performance Appraisal Training Program for the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Deborah Kilgore

    2004-01-01

    "Nobody wants to get one. Nobody wants to give one." The problem was that the supervisors and managers of the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (RIC) did not know how to use the Institute's new performance management system and had not been trained on how to prepare and deliver effective performance appraisals. The problem further…

  4. Childhood Craniopharyngioma with Hypothalamic Obesity - No Long-term Weight Reduction due to Rehabilitation Programs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sterkenburg, A. S.; Hoffmann, A.; Gebhardt, U.; Waldeck, E.; Springer, S.; Mueller, H. L.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Severe obesity due to hypothalamic involvement has major impact on prognosis in long-term survivors of childhood craniopharyngioma. The long-term effects of rehabilitation efforts on weight development and obesity in these patients are not analyzed up to now. Patients and Methods: 108 pa

  5. The Ghana community-based rehabilitation program for people with disabilities: what happened at the end of donor support?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuyini, Ahmed Bawa; Alhassan, Abdul-Razak K; Mahama, Fati K

    2011-01-01

    In this case study the authors examined the functioning of the community-based rehabilitation (CBR) program for people with disabilities in 3 pilot districts after the conclusion of donor support in Ghana. Questionnaire and interview data from 42 people with disabilities, 8 local supervisors, and 3 social workers about program structures, support for people with disabilities, and challenges were analyzed using descriptive statistics and qualitative procedures, involving the use of Leximancer software. The authors found that some CBR structures remained in the communities. Diminished support for disabled peoples' organizations from communities and local government agencies were key challenges. The problem of volunteer local supervisors wanting to be paid ignited the evidence versus ideology debate around sustainability of CBR programs.

  6. A retrospective observational study of functional outcomes, length of stay, and discharge disposition after an inpatient stroke rehabilitation program in Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bindawas, Saad M; Mawajdeh, Hussam; Vennu, Vishal; Alhaidary, Hisham

    2016-08-01

    Functional outcomes, length of stay (LOS), and discharge disposition have become frequent outcome measures among stroke patients after rehabilitation programs. To examine the trends of changes in functional outcomes, LOS, and discharge disposition in stroke patients discharged from an inpatient rehabilitation facility.All patients (n = 432) were admitted to a tertiary inpatient rehabilitation hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia with stroke diagnoses from November 2008 to December 2014. The functional independence measure (FIM) instrument used to assess the patient's functional status. The LOS was measured as the number of days the patients spent in the hospital from the day of admission to the day of discharge. The FIM efficiency was used to measure the patient's rehabilitation progress. All of the variables of the prospectively collected data were retrospectively analyzed.There were significant changes by years in the total FIM ranging from 23 to 29 (P stroke have improved after an inpatient stroke rehabilitation program between 2008 and 2014 even with a constant LOS. Discharge disposition has remained unstable over this period. To improve the efficiency of the stroke rehabilitation program in Saudi Arabia, there is a need to decrease the LOS and emphasize a comprehensive interdisciplinary approach.

  7. Principles of developing a well-rounded program of physical rehabilitation for female students in the special medical group with consideration of physical activity impairment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golod N. R.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : to highlight the main provisions of a comprehensive physical rehabilitation program for students of special medical group based on violations of the motor capacity. Material : testing 24 students of special medical group and the same number of their healthy peers on standardized tests of physical qualities. To reflect the movement disorders applied functional movement screen. Results : a program of rehabilitation of the students included: lifestyle modification; morning hygienic gymnastics; kinesitherapy (using yoga fitness, functional training; aerobic exercise (swimming, Nordic Walking, jogging, aerobics wellness; massage. First presented a unified approach to working with students of special medical groups - selection based on load capacity motor disorders according to the results of tests of functional movement screen. The complexity of the impact of the program involves the impact on the physical, social and mental health components. Conclusions : the author's program of physical rehabilitation of students of special medical group is complex.

  8. SUSTAINABLE TRAILER FLOORING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Lu

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Different trailer flooring materials, including wood-based, aluminum, steel, and synthetic plastic floors, were evaluated in accordance with their durability and sustainability to our natural environment. Wood-based trailer flooring is an eco-friendly product. It is the most sustainable trailer flooring material compared with fossil fuel-intensive steel, aluminum, and plastics. It is renewable and recyclable. Oak, hard maple, and apitong are strong and durable hardwood species that are currently extensively used for trailer flooring. For manufacture, wood-based flooring is higher in energy efficiency and lower in carbon emission than steel, aluminum and plastics. Moreover, wood per se is a natural product that sequesters carbon. Accordingly, using more wood-based trailer flooring is effective to reduce global warming.

  9. 盆底肌训练和盆底电刺激在产后盆底肌力康复治疗中的应用价值%Application value of pelvic floor muscle training and pelvic electric stimulation in postpartum pelvic muscle rehabilitation therapeutic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周雪梅; 张昌凤

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the value of pelvic floor muscle training and pelvic electric stimulation in postpartum pelvic muscle rehabilitation therapeutic .Methods 118 cases of maternal from April 2012 to February 2015 in our hospital were chosen to research and were divided into the combined group ,the electrical stimulation group and the training group ,the electrical stimulation group were treated with pelvic electric stimulation ,and the training group were treated with pelvic floor muscle training ,the combined group were treated with three method ,the therapeutic effect were compared .Results The total effective rate of the combined group were much higher than that of the electrical stimulation group and training group .Pelvic floor systolic blood pressure and resting pressure ,systol‐ic blood pressure ,duration ,systolic blood pressure and contraction number of the combine group were better than that of the other group at 30 and 90 d ,there were significant differences(P < 0 .05) .Conclusion Pelvic floor electrical stimulation and pelvic floor muscle training on postpartum pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation had a certain role ,but the combined application can significantly improve the rehabilitation effect .%目的:探讨盆底肌训练和盆底电刺激在产妇产后盆底肌力康复治疗中的应用价值。方法选择该院2012年4月至2015年1月收治的118例足月妊娠产妇进行研究,按康复治疗方案分为联合组、电刺激组、训练组,电刺激组采用盆底电刺激治疗,训练组采用 Kegel 运动和阴道哑铃进行康复训练治疗,联合组综合其他2组方法治疗,比较3组产妇治疗效果。结果联合组产妇康复治疗总有效率远高于其他2组,联合组产妇在治疗后30、90 d时盆底收缩压、静息压、持续收缩压、持续时间、快速收缩压、收缩个数均优于其他2组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论盆底电刺激和盆底肌训练对产后盆

  10. Evaluation of a Standardized Patient Education Program for Inpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation: Impact on Illness Knowledge and Self-Management Behaviors up to 1 Year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Karin; Seekatz, Bettina; Haug, Günter; Mosler, Gabriele; Schwaab, Bernhard; Worringen, Ulrike; Faller, Hermann

    2014-01-01

    Patient education is an essential part of the treatment of coronary heart disease in cardiac rehabilitation. In Germany, no standardized and evaluated patient education programs for coronary heart disease have been available so far. In this article, we report the evaluation of a patient-oriented program. A multicenter quasi-experimental,…

  11. Comprehensive rehabilitation of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis: results of 6-month program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evgenia Vladislavovna Orlova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to evaluate the efficiency of a comprehensive rehabilitation program (CRP in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA for 6 months. Subjects and methods. Sixty patients with early RA were examined. During medical therapy, 6-month CRP was implemented in 34 patients in the study group. The 2-week in-hospital stage involved ten sessions of 15-min local air cryotherapy (-60 °C of the hands, knee or ankle joints; ten classes of 45-min therapeutic exercises (TE under the supervision of a trainer; ten sessions of 45-min ergotherapy (training people how to therapeutically position their joints, to apply their protective methods, to lift and move things, to use assistive devices, and to do hand exercises; orthotics (working wrist orthoses, knee ones, or individual orthopedic insoles; and four 90-min educational program classes. The outpatient and domiciliary stages included 45-min TE thrice weekly; creation of a correct functional stereotype; and orthotics. Twenty-six patients received medical therapy only (a control group. The authors estimated tender joint count (TJC, swollen joint count (SJC, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, C-reactive protein (CRP, joint pain on 100-mm visual analog scale (VAS, DAS28, HAQ, RAPID3, hand grip strength, average maximum knee extension and ankle flexion by the EN-TreeM movement analysis, and compliance with drug and non-drug treatments. Results. The study group showed a stably high compliance with therapy with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, less need for symptomatic agents, higher adherence to the methods of creating a correct functional stereotype, orthotics, and regular TE. Twenty-two patients completed 6-month CRP; 12 patents did not complete the treatment because of non-compliance with nondrug methods, primarily TE. Upon completion of the in-hospital stage of CRP, the study group exhibited significant positive changes in pain and functional status and no significant impact on global

  12. Deflection of Resilient Materials for Reduction of Floor Impact Sound

    OpenAIRE

    Jung-Yoon Lee; Jong-Mun Kim

    2014-01-01

    Recently, many residents living in apartment buildings in Korea have been bothered by noise coming from the houses above. In order to reduce noise pollution, communities are increasingly imposing bylaws, including the limitation of floor impact sound, minimum thickness of floors, and floor soundproofing solutions. This research effort focused specifically on the deflection of resilient materials in the floor sound insulation systems of apartment houses. The experimental program involved condu...

  13. Stakeholder views on a recovery-oriented psychiatric rehabilitation art therapy program in a rural Australian mental health service: a qualitative description.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vecchi, Nadia; Kenny, Amanda; Kidd, Susan

    2015-01-01

    Recovery-oriented care is a guiding principle for mental health services in Australia, and internationally. Recovery-oriented psychiatric rehabilitation supports people experiencing mental illness to pursue a meaningful life. In Australia, people with unremitting mental illness and psychosocial disability are often detained for months or years in secure extended care facilities. Psychiatric services have struggled to provide rehabilitation options for residents of these facilities. Researchers have argued that art participation can support recovery in inpatient populations. This study addressed the research question: Is there a role for the creative arts in the delivery of recovery-oriented psychiatric rehabilitation for people with enduring mental illness and significant psychosocial disability detained in a secure extended care unit? The study had two major aims: to explore the experiences of consumers detained in a rural Australian secure extended care unit of an art therapy project, and to examine the views of nurse managers and an art therapist on recovery-oriented rehabilitation programs with regard to the art therapy project. A qualitative descriptive design guided the study, and a thematic network approach guided data analysis. Ethics approval was granted from the local ethics committee (AU/1/9E5D07). Data were collected from three stakeholders groups. Five consumers participated in a focus group; six managers and the art therapist from the project participated in individual interviews. The findings indicate that consumer participants benefitted from art participation and wanted more access to rehabilitation-focussed programs. Consumer participants identified that art making provided a forum for sharing, self-expression, and relationships that built confidence, absent in the regular rehabilitation program. Nurse manager and the art therapist participants agreed that art participation was a recovery-oriented rehabilitation tool, however, systemic barriers

  14. Acute cognitive dysfunction after hip fracture: frequency and risk factors in an optimized, multimodal, rehabilitation program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bitsch, Martin; Foss, Nicolai Bang; Kristensen, Billy Bjarne

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing hip fracture surgery often experience acute post-operative cognitive dysfunction (APOCD). The pathogenesis of APOCD is probably multifactorial, and no single intervention has been successful in its prevention. No studies have investigated the incidence of APOCD after...... hip fracture surgery in an optimized, multimodal, peri-operative rehabilitation regimen. METHODS: One hundred unselected hip fracture patients treated in a well-defined, optimized, multimodal, peri-operative rehabilitation regimen were included. Patients were tested upon admission and on the second......, fourth and seventh post-operative days with the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score. RESULTS: Thirty-two per cent of patients developed a significant post-operative cognitive decline, which was associated with several pre-fracture patient characteristics, including age and cognitive function...

  15. Features of Complex Program of Physical Rehabilitation of Scoliosis in Preschool Children in a Polyclinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.R. Uska

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the results of the efficiency of complex methods of physical rehabilitation in children with scoliosis in a polyclinic. The study involved 174 preschool children with I degree scoliosis. The plan of treatment and remediation activities included: all-day compliance with orthopedic regimen, daily therapeutic exercises (special symmetrical, asymmetrical and detorsion exercises, therapeutic massage with elements of acupressure, therapeutic swimming, muscle electrostimulation, medical choreography, corrective exercises after day sleep (gaming exercises in the initial prone position in order to prepare the muscles for active and effective work in the upright stance. The complex of rehabilitation measures made it possible to normalize the functionality of the spine in 24.1 % of children, to improve posture in 42.6 % of patients and to stabilize the scoliotic process in 28.7 % of patients.

  16. Promoting Optimal Physical Exercise for Life: An Exercise and Self-Management Program to Encourage Participation in Physical Activity after Discharge from Stroke Rehabilitation-A Feasibility Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansfield, Avril; Knorr, Svetlana; Poon, Vivien; Inness, Elizabeth L; Middleton, Laura; Biasin, Louis; Brunton, Karen; Howe, Jo-Anne; Brooks, Dina

    2016-01-01

    People with stroke do not achieve adequate levels of physical exercise following discharge from rehabilitation. We developed a group exercise and self-management program (PROPEL), delivered during stroke rehabilitation, to promote uptake of physical activity after discharge. This study aimed to establish the feasibility of a larger study to evaluate the effect of this program on participation in self-directed physical activity. Participants with subacute stroke were recruited at discharge from one of three rehabilitation hospitals; one hospital offered the PROPEL program whereas the other two did not (comparison group; COMP). A high proportion (11/16) of eligible PROPEL program participants consented to the study. Fifteen COMP participants were also recruited. Compliance with wearing an accelerometer for 6 weeks continuously and completing physical activity questionnaires was high (>80%), whereas only 34% of daily heart rate data were available. Individuals who completed the PROPEL program seemed to have higher outcome expectations for exercise, fewer barriers to physical activity, and higher participation in physical activity than COMP participants (Hedge's g ≥ 0.5). The PROPEL program delivered during stroke rehabilitation shows promise for reducing barriers to exercise and increasing participation in physical activity after discharge. This study supports feasibility of a larger randomized trial to evaluate this program.

  17. Implementing a multidimensional geriatric curriculum in a physical medicine and rehabilitation residency program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faulk, Clinton E; Lee, Tae Joon; Musick, David

    2012-10-01

    Residency training in physical medicine and rehabilitation may not contain a formal curriculum in geriatric patient care. A multidimensional geriatric curriculum to third and fourth year physical medicine and rehabilitation residents was implemented to enhance their knowledge in and attitude toward geriatrics. The curriculum consisted of a 12-wk clinical rotation at various sites of geriatric care including outpatient geriatric clinic, skilled nursing facility, continuing care retirement community, and home visits. Six online self-learning modules and multiple didactic sessions were also created. The residents' knowledge and attitude were assessed by pretest and posttest design using the Geriatric Knowledge Test, the Geriatric Attitude Scale, and the Attitudes Toward Teamwork in Healthcare Scale. In addition, the residents completed rotation evaluations to rate their learning experiences. Ten postgraduate year 3 and 4 physical medicine and rehabilitation residents participated in the geriatric curriculum, which included a required rotation. The Geriatric Knowledge Test score at baseline was 67.2%. With the completion of the curriculum, the Geriatric Knowledge Test scores showed improvement to 72.7%, although not statistically significant. The residents showed more favorable attitudes toward the geriatric population and interdisciplinary teamwork as measured by the Geriatric Attitude Scale and the Attitudes Toward Teamwork in Healthcare Scale. Overall, they rated the learning experiences highly on a 1-9 rating scale, with 9 being the highest rating; the residents assigned an average rating of 7.06 to specific learning activities within the rotation and an average rating of 6.89 to the organizational aspects of the rotation itself. The implementation of this geriatric curriculum allowed for improved geriatric training in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents.

  18. An Assessment of the Army’s Tactical Human Optimization, Rapid Rehabilitation and Reconditioning Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    to write a prescription for medica - tion is the physical therapist, who must be a Category II privileged provider with additional education, training...available to the medical staff for consultation and to prescribe medica - tion for THOR3 clients. The supported unit’s medical personnel can perform these...initiatives include, for example, injury prevention, sports medicine, rehabilitation, human performance, sustainment, and interaction between medical

  19. Predictors of reintegration to normal living in older adults discharged from an intensive rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourdeau, Isabelle; Desrosiers, Johanne; Gosselin, Suzanne

    2008-12-01

    The objective of this study was to explore which of many personal and environmental variables are the best predictors of reintegration to normal living in older adults discharged from an inpatient rehabilitation unit. A few days before discharge from rehabilitation, more than 15 biopsychosocial characteristics of 94 people over 60 years were evaluated with reliable and valid tests. The participants' reintegration to normal living was evaluated 3 months later (n=86) with the reintegration to normal living index. This questionnaire comprises 11 items covering physical, social, and psychological dimensions of daily living. From multivariate regression analyses, functional independence, balance, grip strength, and general well-being are the best predictors and explain 26 and 27% of the variance in reintegration to normal living. This study suggests that by increasing efforts to maximize functional independence, balance, grip strength, and well-being, rehabilitation professionals can expect older adults to achieve a greater degree of reintegration in their activities and social roles and may contribute to their quality of life.

  20. A bio-psycho-social exercise program (RÜCKGEWINN for chronic low back pain in rehabilitation aftercare - Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pfeifer Klaus

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is strong, internationally confirmed evidence for the short-term effectiveness of multimodal interdisciplinary specific treatment programs for chronic back pain. However, the verification of long-term sustainability of achieved effects is missing so far. For long-term improvement of pain and functional ability high intervention intensity or high volume seems to be necessary (> 100 therapy hours. Especially in chronic back pain rehabilitation, purposefully refined aftercare treatments offer the possibility to intensify positive effects or to increase their sustainability. However, quality assured goal-conscious specific aftercare programs for the rehabilitation of chronic back pain are absent. Methods/Design This study aims to examine the efficacy of a specially developed bio-psycho-social chronic back pain specific aftercare intervention (RÜCKGEWINN in comparison to the current usual aftercare (IRENA and a control group that is given an educational booklet addressing pain-conditioned functional ability and back pain episodes. Overall rehabilitation effects as well as predictors for compliance to the aftercare programs are analysed. Therefore, a multicenter prospective 3-armed randomised controlled trial is conducted. 456 participants will be consecutively enrolled in inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation and assigned to either one of the three study arms. Outcomes are measured before and after rehabilitation. Aftercare programs are assessed at ten month follow up after dismissal form rehabilitation. Discussion Special methodological and logistic challenges are to be mastered in this trial, which accrue from the interconnection of aftercare interventions to their residential district and the fact that the proportion of patients who take part in aftercare programs is low. The usability of the aftercare program is based on the transference into the routine care and is also reinforced by developed manuals with structured

  1. Effect observation of rehabilitation on pelvic floor muscle recovery after forceps delivery and spontaneous labor%产钳助产和自然分娩经康复治疗后盆底肌恢复的效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆梅; 鄂桂娟; 陈燕; 李丹彦; 苏园园

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of rehabilitation on pelvic floor muscle recovery after forceps delivery and spontaneous labor. Methods 150 cases of primiparae delivered in our hospital from May 2011 to August 2013 were se-lected, and they were divided into forceps delivery group(n=78) and spontaneous labor group(n=72) by production mode. All participants were guided for Kegel training by specially-assigned persons in the second day after delivery,according to muscle strength recovery of pelvic floor,vaginal dumbbell or electrical stimulation with biological feedback was se-lected aiming at rehabilitation of pelvic floor muscle in 42 days after childbirth,1 course of treatment lasted 3 months. Muscle strength of pelvic floor, incidence of urinary incontinence and quality of sexual life at 42 days after childbirth and termination of rehabilitation training between two groups was compared. Results After early rehabilitation,pelvic floor muscle function muscle function,sexual satisfaction significantly higher of two groups.There was a statistical differ-ence in spontaneous recovery of pelvic floor muscle function before and after training in both groups (P0.05). Conclusion Pelvic floor muscle train-ing at an early stage after delivery can significantly strengthen pelvic floor muscle’s function and display no obvious difference in comparison with that in puerperae by spontaneous labor, which increases compliance of forceps delivery in these pregnant women, eliminates couple’s misgivings that forceps delivery has some influences on sexual life, improve quality of life, and promotes family harmony. Early-stage pelvic floor muscle training after delivery is worthy of expan-sion in clinic.%目的:探讨产钳助产和自然分娩经康复治疗后盆底肌恢复的效果。方法选择2011年5月~2013年8月在本院分娩的150例初产妇,按生产方式分为产钳助产组(n=78)和自然分娩组(n=72),所有产妇均于产后第2天开始由专人

  2. Analysis on short term effects of short-term treatment for modified pelvic floor rehabilitation in different age periods%不同年龄段改良盆底康复短期治疗的近期疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘美兰

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the short term effect of a course of modified pelvic floor rehabilitation short term treatment in different ages of female patients with pelvic floor dysfunction. Methods The patients in the pelvic floor rehabilita-tion department of our hospital from August 2014 to August 2015 were treated by the pelvic floor rehabilitation instrument PHENIX USB4 and combining with the pelvic floor muscle exercise(Kegel exercise). Totaaly 72 cases of accomplishing 1 course of treatment were collected and divided into the<35 years old group(48 cases) and the≥35 years old group(24 cases). Then the clinical symptoms,muscle force of pelvic floor muscle, fatigue and myogenic potentials in the two groups were compared between before and after therapy. Results The total effective rate of the symptom improvement after the therapy by the neuromuscular stimulation treatment instrument combined with Kegel exercise was 91.7%(66/72);the classⅠandⅡmuscle force,Ⅱmuscle fa-tigue degrees of total pelvic floor muscle had statistical difference between before and after treatment (P<0.05). the classⅠmuscle force,classⅠmuscle fatigue degree and class II muscle force in the<35 years old group had statistical difference between before and after treatment(P<0.05);the classⅠ,Ⅱmuscle force,classⅡmuscle fatigue degree in the≥35 years old group had statis-tical difference between before and after treatment(P<0.05);the classⅡmuscle fatigue degree after treatment had statistical dif-ference between the two groups(P<0.05). Conclusion Receiving the short term pelvic floor rehabilitation therapy in different age periods of female patients with pelvic floor dysfunction has some effect,which can improve the symptoms and increases the living quality.%目的:探讨不同年龄段盆底功能障碍女性接受1个疗程改良盆底康复短期治疗的近期疗效。方法对2014年8月至2015年8月在该院进行盆底康复科治疗的患者给

  3. Supporting shop floor intelligence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, Peter; Schmidt, Kjeld; Wiil, Uffe Kock

    1999-01-01

    Many manufacturing enterprises are now trying to introduce various forms of flexible work organizations on the shop floor. However, existing computer-based production planning and control systems pose severe obstacles for autonomous working groups and other kinds of shop floor control to become r......-to-day production planning by supporting intelligent and responsible workers in their situated coordination activities on the shop floor....

  4. A combined early cognitive and physical rehabilitation program for people who are critically ill: the activity and cognitive therapy in the intensive care unit (ACT-ICU) trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brummel, Nathan E; Jackson, James C; Girard, Timothy D; Pandharipande, Pratik P; Schiro, Elena; Work, Brittany; Pun, Brenda T; Boehm, Leanne; Gill, Thomas M; Ely, E Wesley

    2012-12-01

    rehabilitation sessions will advance patients from passive range of motion exercises through ambulation. Patients with cognitive or physical impairment at discharge will undergo a 12-week, in-home cognitive rehabilitation program. A battery of neurocognitive and functional outcomes will be measured 3 and 12 months after hospital discharge. If feasible, these interventions will lay the groundwork for a larger, multicenter trial to determine their efficacy.

  5. A Combined Early Cognitive and Physical Rehabilitation Program for People Who Are Critically Ill: The Activity and Cognitive Therapy in the Intensive Care Unit (ACT-ICU) Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, James C.; Girard, Timothy D.; Pandharipande, Pratik P.; Schiro, Elena; Work, Brittany; Pun, Brenda T.; Boehm, Leanne; Gill, Thomas M.; Ely, E. Wesley

    2012-01-01

    -number sequences, pattern recognition). Daily physical rehabilitation sessions will advance patients from passive range of motion exercises through ambulation. Patients with cognitive or physical impairment at discharge will undergo a 12-week, in-home cognitive rehabilitation program. Measurements A battery of neurocognitive and functional outcomes will be measured 3 and 12 months after hospital discharge. Conclusions If feasible, these interventions will lay the groundwork for a larger, multicenter trial to determine their efficacy. PMID:22577067

  6. Changes in Chinese Discharged Chronic Mental Patients Attending a Psychiatric Rehabilitation Program with Holistic Care Elements: A Quasi-Experimental Study

    OpenAIRE

    Luk, Andrew L.; Shek, Daniel T L

    2006-01-01

    This study attempted to examine the changes and related factors in discharged chronic mental patients attending a psychiatric rehabilitation program in Hong Kong adopting a self-help group (SHG) approach with holistic care emphases on the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual functioning of the program participants. A quasi-experimental design involving an experimental group (109 participants attending the program) and a control group (154 patients from a psychiatric outpatient clini...

  7. [Clinical research on post-stroke hemiplegia treated with the optimized rehabilitation program of integrated Chinese and western medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiao-Li; Qi, Rui; Yan, Jun-Tao

    2013-12-01

    To explore the optimized rehabilitation program in the treatment of post-stroke hemiplegia at the recovery stage. Based on the randomized controlled principle, 60 patients were randomized into an rehabilita tion + massage group (group A) and an rehabilitation + acupuncture group (group B), 30 cases in each one. Bobath sport therapy and functional training were adopted in the two groups. In the group A, the massage therapy was added. The rolling method and palm-rubbing method were used on the affected side, the pressing, kneading and plucking methods were applied to Jianliao (LI 15), Jianzhen (SI 9), Quchi (LI 11), Huantiao (GB 30), Weizhong (BL 40), Chengshan (BL 57), Zusanli (ST 36) and the other acu points; and the nipping method was adopted at the twelve Jing-well points. In the group B, acupuncture was applied to Baihui (BL 20), Jianliao (LI 15), Quchi (LI 11), Shousanli (LI 10), Huantiao (GB 30), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Jiexi (ST 41) and the other acupoints. The treatment was given once a day, 5 treatments a week in the two groups. The efficacy was evaluated in 3 weeks. Fugl-Meyer scale, Barthel index (BI) score, modified Rankin scale and stroke-specific quality of life (SS-QOL) were used to assess the limb motor function, the activity of daily life (ADL), independent activity of life and the quality of life of the patients in the two groups before and after treatment. Based on the total cost and benefit, the health economics evaluation was conducted in the patients of the two groups. The treatments all improved the limb motor function (group A: 26.00 (22) vs 37.00 (33); group B: 30.50 (21) vs 39.50 (36)), the independent activity of life, ADL (group A: 43.50 +/- 22.25 vs 57.50 +/- 22.25; group B: 52.83 +/- 16.59 vs 66.67 +/- 12.82) and the quality of life (group A: 122.23 +/- 30.00 vs 145.50 +/- 28.14; group B: 132.43 +/- 23.87 vs 151.47 +/- 22.37) in the patients of the two groups. The differences in all the indices were significant statistically before and

  8. Assessing the effectiveness of Malaysia's drug prevention education and rehabilitation programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scorzelli, J F

    1988-01-01

    The multifaceted drug prevention education and rehabilitation system of Malaysia appears to have contributed to the steady decrease of the number of identified drug abusers in the country. In this article, those components of the Malaysian system that would be most applicable to the American effort were examined. In the same manner, because the fastest growing minority group in the United States are Asian Americans, in which a significant proportion involve persons from Southeast Asia, those components in the Malaysian system that are applicable to Southeast Asian Americans were examined.

  9. Animal assisted therapy (AAT program as a useful adjunct to conventional psychosocial rehabilitation for patients with schizophrenia: results of a small-scale randomized controlled trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula eCalvo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Currently, one of the main objectives of human-animal interaction research is to demonstrate the benefits of animal-assisted therapy (AAT for specific profiles of patients or participants.The aim of this study is to assess the effect of an AAT program as an adjunct to a conventional 6-month psychosocial rehabilitation program for people with schizophrenia. Our hypothesis is that the inclusion of AAT into psychosocial rehabilitation would contribute positively to the impact of the overall program on symptomology and quality of life, and that AAT would be a positive experience for patients. To test these hypotheses, we compared pre-program with post-program scores for the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS and the EuroQoL-5 dimensions questionnaire (EuroQol-5D, pre-session with post-session salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase for the last four AAT sessions, and adherence rates between different elements of the program.We conducted a randomized, controlled study in a psychiatric care center in Spain. Twenty-two institutionalized patients with chronic schizophrenia completed the 6-month rehabilitation program, which included individual psychotherapy, group therapy, a functional program (intended to improve daily functioning, a community program (intended to facilitate community reintegration and a family program. Each member of the control group (n=8 participated in one activity from a range of therapeutic activities that were part of the functional program. In place of this functional program activity, the AAT-treatment group (n=14 participated in twice-weekly 1-hour sessions of AAT. All participants received the same weekly total number of hours of rehabilitation. At the end of the program, both groups (control and AAT-treatment showed significant improvements in positive and overall symptomatology, as measured with PANSS, but only the AAT-treatment group showed a significant improvement in negative symptomatology. Adherence to the AAT

  10. Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) Program As a Useful Adjunct to Conventional Psychosocial Rehabilitation for Patients with Schizophrenia: Results of a Small-scale Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvo, Paula; Fortuny, Joan R; Guzmán, Sergio; Macías, Cristina; Bowen, Jonathan; García, María L; Orejas, Olivia; Molins, Ferran; Tvarijonaviciute, Asta; Cerón, José J; Bulbena, Antoni; Fatjó, Jaume

    2016-01-01

    Currently, one of the main objectives of human-animal interaction research is to demonstrate the benefits of animal assisted therapy (AAT) for specific profiles of patients or participants. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of an AAT program as an adjunct to a conventional 6-month psychosocial rehabilitation program for people with schizophrenia. Our hypothesis is that the inclusion of AAT into psychosocial rehabilitation would contribute positively to the impact of the overall program on symptomology and quality of life, and that AAT would be a positive experience for patients. To test these hypotheses, we compared pre-program with post-program scores for the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the EuroQoL-5 dimensions questionnaire (EuroQol-5D), pre-session with post-session salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase for the last four AAT sessions, and adherence rates between different elements of the program. We conducted a randomized, controlled study in a psychiatric care center in Spain. Twenty-two institutionalized patients with chronic schizophrenia completed the 6-month rehabilitation program, which included individual psychotherapy, group therapy, a functional program (intended to improve daily functioning), a community program (intended to facilitate community reintegration) and a family program. Each member of the control group (n = 8) participated in one activity from a range of therapeutic activities that were part of the functional program. In place of this functional program activity, the AAT-treatment group (n = 14) participated in twice-weekly 1-h sessions of AAT. All participants received the same weekly total number of hours of rehabilitation. At the end of the program, both groups (control and AAT-treatment) showed significant improvements in positive and overall symptomatology, as measured with PANSS, but only the AAT-treatment group showed a significant improvement in negative symptomatology. Adherence to the AAT

  11. Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) Program As a Useful Adjunct to Conventional Psychosocial Rehabilitation for Patients with Schizophrenia: Results of a Small-scale Randomized Controlled Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvo, Paula; Fortuny, Joan R.; Guzmán, Sergio; Macías, Cristina; Bowen, Jonathan; García, María L.; Orejas, Olivia; Molins, Ferran; Tvarijonaviciute, Asta; Cerón, José J.; Bulbena, Antoni; Fatjó, Jaume

    2016-01-01

    Currently, one of the main objectives of human–animal interaction research is to demonstrate the benefits of animal assisted therapy (AAT) for specific profiles of patients or participants. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of an AAT program as an adjunct to a conventional 6–month psychosocial rehabilitation program for people with schizophrenia. Our hypothesis is that the inclusion of AAT into psychosocial rehabilitation would contribute positively to the impact of the overall program on symptomology and quality of life, and that AAT would be a positive experience for patients. To test these hypotheses, we compared pre–program with post–program scores for the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the EuroQoL-5 dimensions questionnaire (EuroQol-5D), pre–session with post–session salivary cortisol and alpha–amylase for the last four AAT sessions, and adherence rates between different elements of the program. We conducted a randomized, controlled study in a psychiatric care center in Spain. Twenty–two institutionalized patients with chronic schizophrenia completed the 6–month rehabilitation program, which included individual psychotherapy, group therapy, a functional program (intended to improve daily functioning), a community program (intended to facilitate community reintegration) and a family program. Each member of the control group (n = 8) participated in one activity from a range of therapeutic activities that were part of the functional program. In place of this functional program activity, the AAT–treatment group (n = 14) participated in twice–weekly 1–h sessions of AAT. All participants received the same weekly total number of hours of rehabilitation. At the end of the program, both groups (control and AAT–treatment) showed significant improvements in positive and overall symptomatology, as measured with PANSS, but only the AAT–treatment group showed a significant improvement in negative symptomatology

  12. The Effect of a Restraint Reduction Program on Physical Restraint Rates in Rehabilitation Settings in Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia K. Y. Lai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. In view of the adverse effects of using restraints, studies examining the use of restraint reduction programs (RRPs are needed. Objectives. To investigate the effect of an RRP on the reduction of physical restraint rates in rehabilitation hospitals. Methods. A prospective quasi-experimental clinical trial was conducted. Demographic data, medical and health-related information on recruited patients from two rehabilitation hospitals, as well as facility data on restraint rates were collected. Results. The increase in the restraint rate in the control site was 4.3 times greater than that in the intervention site. Changes in the restraint mode, from continuous to intermittent, and the type of restraint used were found between the pre- and postintervention periods in both the control site and the intervention site. Discussion. Compared with that in the control site, the RRP in the intervention site helped arrest any increase in the restraint rate although it had no effect on physical restraint reduction. The shift of restraint mode from continuous to intermittent in the intervention site was one of the positive outcomes of the RRP.

  13. Quality of life of Ethiopian women after fistula repair: implications on rehabilitation and social reintegration policy and programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Kyla; Oliveras, Elizabeth; Tilahun, Yewondwossen; Belachew, Mehari; Asnake, Mengistu

    2015-01-01

    Despite growing recognition of the importance of linking obstetric fistula prevention and treatment strategies with rehabilitation and social reintegration programmes, little research and programming has been oriented toward this goal. Using in-depth interviews, this study aimed to examine the experiences of 51 Ethiopian women after fistula repair surgery to identify priority post-repair interventions that could maximise their quality of life. The results showed that the majority of women felt a dramatic sensation of relief and happiness following repair, yet some continued to experience mental anguish, stigma, and physical problems regardless of the outcome of the procedure. All women suffered intense fear of developing another fistula, most commonly from sex or childbirth. Despite this, the majority of women had sex or planned to do so, while a smaller cohort avoided intercourse and childbearing, thus subjecting them to isolation, marital conflict, and/or economic vulnerability. Our findings suggest that obstetric fistula programmes should integrate (1) post-repair counselling about fistula and risk factors for recurrence, (2) community-based follow-up care, (3) linkages to income-generating opportunities, (4) engagement of women affected by fistula for community outreach, and (5) metrics for evaluating rehabilitation and social reintegration efforts to ensure women regain healthy, productive lives.

  14. Catastrophizing and pain-related fear predict failure to maintain treatment gains following participation in a pain rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily Moore

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. The present study explored whether pain-related psychosocial risk factors played a role in determining whether treatment gains were maintained following participation in a rehabilitation intervention for musculoskeletal injury. The study sample consisted of 310 individuals (163 women, 147 men with work-related musculoskeletal conditions who were enrolled in a physical rehabilitation program. Measures of pain severity, pain catastrophizing and pain-related fear were completed at the time of admission and at the time of discharge. Pain severity was assessed again at 1-year postdischarge. Participants were classified as “recovered” if they showed a decrease in pain of at least 2 points and rated their pain at discharge as less than 4/10. Recovered participants were considered to have failed to maintain treatment gains if their pain ratings increased by at least 2 points from discharge assessment to 1-year follow-up, and they rated their pain as 4/10 or greater at 1-year follow-up. The results of a logistic regression revealed that participants with high posttreatment scores on measures of catastrophizing and fear of pain were at increased risk of failing to maintain treatment gains. The findings suggest that unless end-of-treatment scores on catastrophizing and fear of pain fall below the risk range, treatment-related reductions in pain severity may not be maintained in the long term. The clinical and theoretical implications of the findings are discussed.

  15. Gender Differences in Patients' Beliefs About Biological, Environmental, Behavioral, and Psychological Risk Factors in a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mozhgan Saeidi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: There are significant gender differences in the epidemiology and presentation of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs, physiological aspects of CVDs, response to diagnostic tests or interventions, and prevalence or incidence of the associated risk factors. Considering the independent influence of gender on early dire consequences of such diseases, this study was conducted to investigate gender differences in patients' beliefs about biological, environmental, behavioral, and psychological risk factors in a cardiac rehabilitation program. Materials and Methods: This study has cross sectional design. The sample was composed of 775 patients referred to cardiac rehabilitation unit in Imam Ali Hospital in Kermanshah, Iran. The data were collected using clinical interview and patients’ medical records. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation, and chi-square test​​. To do the statistical analysis, SPSS version 20 was utilized. Results: As the results indicated, there was a significant difference between the beliefs of men and women about risk factors of heart disease (X2= 48.36; P

  16. THE CONSTRUCTION OF PHYSICAL REHABILITATION PROGRAMS IN THE PREOPERATIVE PERIOD FOR PATIENTS THAT WILL REMOVE OF INTERVERTEBRAL DISC’ PROLAPSE IN THE LUMBAR SPINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lazarieva E.B.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The ineffectiveness of conservative treatment will make the need for surgery in 4-5% of patients suffering from low back pain with hernias of the lumbar and sacral spine. Despite the surgical removal of the source of compressed roots, nerves and blood vessels, require a comprehensive system of rehabilitation therapy in order to eliminate manifestations of disease and relief of disease progression. The aim of the work is to substantiate the general approaches for the using of physical rehabilitation and diagnostics static component of the dynamic stereotype in the preoperative period in patients to remove intervertebral disc prolapse. The materials and methods. There was examined 96 with low back pain. Methods are applied in this research: analysis of a literature, observation methods. Results. In conjunction with the physician was determined "diagnosis for rehabilitation" and "prognosis of the rehabilitation". The formulation of the basis of the diagnosis for rehabilitation was performed through the examination during the rehabilitation (as a taking an anamnestic data, examination and palpation, studies of intact sensory and motor functions, the results of objective research tool. Conclusions. The identification of preserved anatomical and functional entities, the definition of the initial level of compensation for lost functions and forecast further recovery is a fundamental approach to program development in the preoperative period in patients with low back pain aimed at the removal of intervertebral disc herniations.

  17. Efficacy of a nutritional education program to improve diet in patients attending a cardiac rehabilitation program: outcomes of a one-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luisi, Maria Luisa Eliana; Biffi, Barbara; Gheri, Chiara Francesca; Sarli, Ennio; Rafanelli, Elena; Graziano, Emanuela; Vidali, Sofia; Fattirolli, Francesco; Gensini, Gian Franco; Macchi, Claudio

    2015-09-01

    Dietary habits are widely reported to play a primary role in the occurrence of coronary artery disease (CAD). Cardiac rehabilitation is a multidisciplinary intervention that includes nutritional education. Proper nutrition plays an important role in cardiovascular health outcomes and in decreasing morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) as highlighted in the literature. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of an educational program to improve the diet of cardiac rehabilitation patients compared to usual treatment. 160 patients with CAD, (124 M, 36 F) were randomized into two groups. Data analysis was conducted on 133 patients (11 % dropped out). All enrolled patients attended two educational seminars about proper nutrition and cardiovascular prevention, and completed a questionnaire about dietary habits (before CAD). The Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated, and basal glycaemia and plasma lipids were assessed at the beginning and at the end of the study (12 months after hospital discharge). The intervention group patients underwent a mid-term evaluation of nutrient intakes, BMI, and received a personalized educational reinforcement by a dietitian. At the end of the study, the intervention group was shown to have significantly reduced their daily caloric intake (reduction of total proteins, total fat, carbohydrate, alcohol), and showed a significant reduction of weight and BMI compared to the control group. Individual nutritional counseling session as a reinforcement of a standard educational program is effective in reducing caloric intake and BMI, which may reduce cardiovascular risk factors in cardiovascular patients.

  18. 75 FR 22767 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-30

    ... National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Transition to... Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program administered by NIDRR. Specifically, this...

  19. 78 FR 34897 - Final Priorities; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... CFR Chapter III Final Priorities; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Engineering Research... announces priorities under the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program...

  20. Balance Dysfunction in Parkinson’s Disease: The Role of Posturography in Developing a Rehabilitation Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davide Ferrazzoli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Balance dysfunction (BD in Parkinson’s disease (PD is a disabling symptom, difficult to treat and predisposing to falls. The dopaminergic drugs or deep brain stimulation does not always provide significant improvements of BD and rehabilitative approaches have also failed to restore this condition. In this study, we investigated the suitability of quantitative posturographic indicators to early identify patients that could develop disabling BD. Parkinsonian patients not complaining of a subjective BD and controls were tested using a posturographic platform (PP with open eyes (OE and performing a simple cognitive task [counting (OEC]. We found that patients show higher values of total standard deviation (SD of body sway and along the medio-lateral (ML axis during OE condition. Furthermore, total and ML SD of body sway during OE condition and total SD of body sway with OEC were higher than controls also in a subgroup of patients with normal Berg Balance Scale. We conclude that BD in Parkinsonian patients can be discovered before its appearance using a PP and that these data may allow developing specific rehabilitative treatment to prevent or delay their onset.

  1. A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF FUNCTIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM AND STANDARDIZED REHABILITATION PROGRAM AFTER ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION IN IMPROVING FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE OF FOOTBALL PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam Thamburaj A

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective of this study was to find out whether there is any significant difference between the functional training program and standardized rehabilitation program in improving functional performance of anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed (ACLR football players. Methods: A total of 30 subjects who met the selection criteria were divided into two groups respectively (15 per group. Subjects were randomly assigned in to two groups: a functional training group A (FTG, n = 15 and a control group B (CG, n = 15 at 3 months post- Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (ACLR. The FTG participated twice per week in the functional training program (4hrs/week including: a variety of intense, more aggressive and complex exercises designed to specifically increase neuromuscular control, muscle strength and power, proprioception, speed, and agility of the lower limbs, combined with an aerobic running training. The CG did not participate in any exercises performed by the FTG, following the standardized rehabilitation protocol, i.e., 3 sessions per week (6hrs/week (consisting of running and strengthening, a few plyometric exercises with low intensity and slow progression, very few exercises of directional changing but no horizontal jump nor agility exercises. The two groups were assessed at 3rd and 6th month post-ACLR and the effects of training were measured using the following assessments: the functional performance done by standing long jump test and 3 hop test. Results: Paired t-test was used to compare the effect within the group and paired t-test of statistical analysis shows that the pre and post comparison for the standing long jump score (Group A: p=0.000, Group B: p=0.000 and three hop test score (Group A: p=0.000, Group B: p=0.000 shows significant difference (p<0.05. Independent ‘t’ test used to compare the difference between two groups. Result shows that there is statistical significant difference in the result in which

  2. School Flooring Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrath, John

    2012-01-01

    With all of the hype that green building is receiving throughout the school facility-management industry, it's easy to overlook some elements that may not be right in front of a building manager's nose. It is helpful to examine the role floor covering plays in a green building project. Flooring is one of the most significant and important systems…

  3. Safety and predictors of adherence of a new rehabilitation program for older women with congestive heart failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nahid A. Azad; Kathy Bouchard; Alain Mayhew; Maureen Carter; Frank J. Molnar

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To assess the safety of a cardiac rehabilitation program for older women with Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) anddetermine if certain factors influence adherence. Methods Women over the age of 65 with CHF attended an exercise program supervisedby a physiotherapist. Quality of life was measured by the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) and severity ofdisease by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class. Subjects were classified into those who attended 90% or more of the sessionsand those who attended less than 90% of the sessions. Results Fifty-one subjects were studied. Eight subjects did not attend any sessions.Of the 43 attendees, the average percentage of sessions attended was 87%. There were no significant differences between the two groups inage, MLHFQ or NYHA Class. There was only one adverse event out of 280 participant attendances. Conclusions The program had a highlevel of adherence in this population. Age, MLHFQ or NYHA Class did not impact on session attendance. Our data suggests this program issafe for this population. Further research is needed to determine other predictors of attendance and the examination of safety issues andlong-term adherence to exercise in this population.

  4. Evaluating the interactive web-based program, activate your heart, for cardiac rehabilitation patients: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brough, Christopher; Boyce, Sally; Houchen-Wolloff, Linzy; Sewell, Louise; Singh, Sally

    2014-10-29

    Conventional cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs are traditionally based on time-constrained, structured, group-based programs, usually set in hospitals or leisure centers. Uptake for CR remains poor, despite the ongoing evidence demonstrating its benefits. Additional alternative forms of CR are needed. An Internet-based approach may offer an alternative mode of delivering CR that may improve overall uptake. Activate Your Heart (AYH) is a Web-based CR program that has been designed to support individuals with coronary heart disease (CHD). The aim of this pilot study was to observe the outcome for participants following the AYH program. We conducted a prospective observational trial, recruiting low-risk patients with CHD. Measures of exercise, exercise capacity, using the Incremental Shuttle Walk Test (ISWT), dietary habits, and psychosocial well-being were conducted by a CR specialist at baseline and at 8 weeks following the Web-based intervention. We recruited 41 participants; 33 completed the program. We documented significant improvements in the ISWT distance (mean change 49.69 meters, SD 68.8, PLife (QOL) (mean change 0.28, SD 0.4, P<.001). Dietary habits improved with an increased proportion of patients consuming at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables per day, (22 [71%] to 29 [94%] P=.01) and an increased proportion of patients consuming at least 2 portions of oily fish per week (14 [45%] to 21 [68%], P=.01). We did not detect changes in anxiety and depression scores or exercise behavior. We observed important improvements in exercise capacity, QOL, and dietary habits in a group of participants following a Web-based CR program. The program may offer an alternative approach to CR. A mobile version has been developed and we need to conduct further trials to establish its value compared to supervised CR.

  5. Reflexiones de un programa integral de rehabilitación en un centro penitenciario/Report of a comprehensive program of rehabilitation in a penitentiary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Abel Saucedo Romero

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This pentagonal collaboration aims to reflect what is perceived in a rehabilitation programme in a medium prison, specifically in the center of social readaptation of Manzanillo, in the State of Colima, Mexico. The program, called “You can live better”, initially focused on drug detoxification and currently seeks to expand the field of violent behavior.

  6. Obesity treatment: results after 4 years of a Nutritional and Psycho-Physical Rehabilitation Program in an outpatient setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donini, Lorenzo M; Cuzzolaro, Massimo; Gnessi, Lucio; Lubrano, Carla; Migliaccio, Silvia; Aversa, Antonio; Pinto, Alessandro; Lenzi, Andrea

    2014-06-01

    Obesity is a chronic disease as well as a risk factor for cardiovascular, metabolic and osteoarticular diseases, affecting the psychosocial health and the quality of life. Recent evidence suggests that the adequate treatment of obesity should provide a multidimensional multidisciplinary approach including nutritional therapy, psycho-educational classes and physical reconditioning/motor rehabilitation. The aim of this approach should be to maintain the results over time with a positive impact on the obesity-related cardiovascular and metabolic risk. To evaluate the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary Nutritional and Psycho-Physical Reconditioning Program (NPPRP) in an outpatient setting. The observational prospective cohort study involved subjects, aged from 18 to 65 years, with a BMI >30 kg/m(2), who were followed up over 48 months. After the first nutritional and psychological examination, patients who refused NPPRP were treated according to standard nutrition procedures (SNT). Patients were followed through monthly medical examinations and then by annual telephonic structured interviews for 4 years. Changes in body weight, eating behavior, physical activity performance, and the occurrence of clinical obesity-related complications were considered as outcome measures. Of 464 enrolled patients, 161 (34.7%) took part in the follow-up. From the enrollment to the end of follow-up, weight loss was greater in the NPPRP group than in the SNP group (-8.08 ± 10 kg versus -3.0 ± 6 kg). After 4 years eating behavior improved in both groups. The percentage of patients who continued to perform physical activity was higher in the NPPRP group than in the SNT group (61.0 versus 34.1%). The SNT group reported complications more frequently than the NPPRP group: hypertension (19 versus 5.8%), dyslipidemia (19.4 versus 12.7%), and skeletal problems (26.9 versus 17.5%). The main reasons for drop-out from the rehabilitation program were logistic problems (distance or time) in both

  7. A Delphi Study to Understand Relational Bonds in Supervision and Their Effect on Rehabilitation Counselor Disclosure in the Public Rehabilitation Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnuson, Lori Anne

    2012-01-01

    The scholarly literature surrounding counselor supervision suggests that relational bonds built on liking, trusting, and caring between supervisors and counselors positively impact counselor willingness to disclose practice errors and ethical issues in supervision. This Delphi study explored the opinions of expert public rehabilitation supervisors…

  8. Acute cognitive dysfunction after hip fracture: frequency and risk factors in an optimized, multimodal, rehabilitation program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bitsch, Martin; Foss, Nicolai Bang; Kristensen, Billy Bjarne;

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing hip fracture surgery often experience acute post-operative cognitive dysfunction (APOCD). The pathogenesis of APOCD is probably multifactorial, and no single intervention has been successful in its prevention. No studies have investigated the incidence of APOCD after......, fourth and seventh post-operative days with the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score. RESULTS: Thirty-two per cent of patients developed a significant post-operative cognitive decline, which was associated with several pre-fracture patient characteristics, including age and cognitive function......, but also the number of peri-operative transfusions. The development of APOCD was also associated with impaired post-operative rehabilitation and an increased length of stay. APOCD was associated with the development of a major medical complication in 35% of all patients. In 65% of patients developing APOCD...

  9. CHANGES IN LIPOPROTEIN INDICATOR AND INDICATOR OF ENDOTHELIAL FUNCTION AFTER IMPLEMENTED CARDIOVASCULAR REHABILITATION PROGRAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Ranković

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Insufficient physical activity in the world annually is the cause of death of 1.9 million people. According to the data from the World Health Report, physical inactivity is about to become the global problem. Regular physical activity and good physical shape raise the functional capacity and the quality of patient’s life. With physical activity it is possible to improve metabolic, endothelial, lateral-muscular, pulmonary and cardiovascular functions of an organism, but also the function of the autonomous nervous system. The endothelium has the important role in maintaining the normal cardiovascular tonus and blood fluidity by reducing the platelet activity and the adhesion of leukocytes, and also by restricting the reaction of vascular inflammation. The aim of this paper was to present the recent data about effects of cardiovascular rehabilitation and physical training on lipoproteins’ status and markers of endothelial function. The impact of physical activity on the lipid status is accomplished by affecting the enzymes of lipoprotein metabolism, including the lipoprotein and the liver lipase and the movable protein of cholesterol ester (11. The studies point out that aerobic physical activity result in increasing of HDL concentration and the decrease of the triglycerides value, total and LDL cholesterol. The connection, which is dose-dependant, exists between physical activity and the lipid level, as the arguments which suggest that the duration of physical activity is the key parameter in modification of the lipid metabolism. Physical activity leads to the beneficial changes in the cardiovascular and lipid indicators and improves the endothelial function in the secondary prevention of coronary disease. Reduction of the lipid parameters by introducing physical rehabilitation and dietetic regime lie in the basis of secondary prevention of coronary disease. Furthermore, there is a constant improvement in NO biodisposability and therewith the

  10. The effect of Sub-maximal exercise-rehabilitation program on cardio-respiratory endurance indexes and oxygen pulse in patients with spastic cerebral palsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Izadi

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Physical or cardio-respiratory fitness are of the best important physiological variables in children with cerebral palsy (CP, but the researches on exercise response of individuals with CP are limited. Our aim was to determine the effect of sub-maximal rehabilitation program (aerobic exercise on maximal oxygen uptake, oxygen pulse and cardio- respiratory physiological variables of children with moderate to severe spastic cerebral palsy diplegia and compare with able-bodied children. Methods: In a controlled clinical trial study, 15 children with diplegia spastic cerebral palsy, were recruited on a voluntarily basis (experimental group and 18 subjects without neurological impairments selected as control group. In CP group, aerobic exercise program performed on the average of exercise intensity (144 beat per minute of heart rate, 3 times a week for 3 months. The time of each exercise session was 20-25 minutes. Dependent variables were measured in before (pretest and after (post test of rehabilitation program through Mac Master Protocol on Tantories cycle ergometer in CP group and compared with the control group. Results: The oxygen pulse (VO2/HR during ergometery protocol was significantly lower in CP group than normal group (P<0.05. No significant statistical difference in maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max was found between groups. The rehabilitation program leads to little increase of this variable in CP group. After sub-maximal exercise in pretest and post test, the heart rate of patient group was greater than control group, and aerobic exercise leads to significant decrease in heart rate in CP patients(P<0.05. Conclusion: The patients with spastic cerebral palsy, because of high muscle tone, severe spasticity and involuntarily movements have higher energy cost and lower aerobic fitness than normal people. The rehabilitation exercise program can improve physiological function of muscle and cardio-respiratory endurance in these

  11. Evaluating a Novel Sleep-Focused Mind-Body Rehabilitative Program for Veterans with mTBI and Other Polytrauma Symptoms: An RCT Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    34 Polytrauma " Symptoms: An RCT Study PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Yoshio Nakamura, Ph.D. CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: University of Utah , Salt Lake City, UT 84112...Rehabilitative Program for Veterans with mTBI and Other " Polytrauma " Symptoms: An RCT Study 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...our recruiting effort. We screened the patient lists obtained from Polytrauma Clinic at VA, sent recruitment letters and made phone calls to follow

  12. Psychological Well-Being in Obese Inpatients with Ischemic Heart Disease at Entry and at Discharge from a Four-Week Cardiac Rehabilitation Program

    OpenAIRE

    Gian Mauro Manzoni; Robert Cribbie; Valentina Villa; Chantal Arpin-Cribbie; Luca Gondoni; Gianluca Castelnuovo

    2010-01-01

    The purposes of this observational pre-post study were twofold: 1- to evaluate psychological health in obese patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) at admission to cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and 2 - to examine the effectiveness of a four-week CR residential program in improving obese patients’ psychological well-being at discharge from CR. A sample of 177 obese patients completed the Psychological General Well-Being Inventory (PGWBI) at admission to the CR program and at discharge....

  13. Improvement of upper limb’s condition of women with post mastectomy syndrome with the help of problem-oriented program of physical rehabilitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Briskin Y.A.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to determine effectiveness of problem-oriented program of women’s physical rehabilitation with post mastectomy syndrome in improvement of upper limb’s functional state. Material: 50 women with early symptoms of post mastectomy syndrome at stationary rehabilitation stage, who underwent radical mastectomy by Madden were involved in the research. Testing of movement amplitude in shoulder joint, swelling of upper limb and muscular strength of hand’s flexors was conducted on 2 nd day after surgery and at the end of stationary rehabilitation period (12-14 th day. Results: Main means of the authors’ program were: general and special physical exercises; static and dynamic breathing exercises; breathing through preloaded lips, controlled coughing, autogenic drainage, manual pressing, manual vibration; post-isometric relaxation; elements of labor therapy; lymphatic drainage massage and self massage; topical talks; consultations; auto training. The trainings were conducted individually 2-3 times a day; 20-30 minutes every session. The patients’ independent trainings included: fulfillment of therapeutic positions, self-massage, relaxation exercises and auto-training. Conclusions: application of problem-oriented physical rehabilitation program facilitates improvement of upper limb’s functional potentials of women with post mastectomy syndrome.

  14. The effects of a tailored cardiac rehabilitation program on depressive symptoms in women: A randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckie, Theresa M; Beckstead, Jason W; Schocken, Douglas D; Evans, Mary E; Fletcher, Gerald F

    2011-01-01

    Depression is known to co-occur with coronary heart disease (CHD). Depression may also inhibit the effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs by decreasing adherence. Higher prevalence of depression in women may place them at increased risk for non-adherence. To assess the impact of a modified, stage-of-change-matched, gender-tailored CR program for reducing depressive symptoms among women with CHD. A two-group randomized clinical trial compared depressive symptoms of women in a traditional 12-week CR program to those completing a tailored program that included motivational interviewing guided by the Transtheoretical Model of behavior change. Women in the experimental group also participated in a gender-tailored exercise protocol that excluded men. The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale was administered to 225 women at baseline, post-intervention, and at 6-month follow-up. Analysis of Variance was used to compare changes in depression scores over time. Baseline CES-D scores were 17.3 and 16.5 for the tailored and traditional groups, respectively. Post-intervention mean scores were 11.0 and 14.3; 6-month follow-up scores were 13.0 and 15.2, respectively. A significant group by time interaction was found for CES-D scores (F(2, 446)=4.42, p=.013). Follow-up tests revealed that the CES-D scores for the traditional group did not differ over time (F(2, 446)=2.00, p=.137). By contrast, the tailored group showed significantly decreased CES-D scores from baseline to post-test (F(1, 223)=50.34, pmaximizing adherence. Future studies should explore the mechanism by which such programs produce benefits. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Analysis of cognition and behavior in postpartum rehabilitation of pelvic floor%178例产妇对产后盆底功能障碍认知行的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张峥程; 李彩云; 毛静月; 侍立峰

    2015-01-01

    对2014年1-6月在我院行产后42 d复诊的178例产妇进行盆底功能障碍相关问题问卷调查及盆底肌力体检,问卷参考尿失禁影响问卷简版、盆底功能影响问卷简版与盆底器官脱垂/尿失禁性功能问卷简版自行设计.178例中,初产妇130例,二次产妇48例,均对产后盆底功能障碍的表现、预防、治疗欠缺了解,两者差异无统计学意义.在盆底肌力减退方面自知率与检出率,初产妇为9.2%(12/130)和14.6%(19/130),经产妇为10.4% (5/48)和16.7%(8/48),脏器脱垂自知率与检出率初产妇为0.8%(1/130)和2.3%(3/130),经产妇为0(0/48)和8.3% (4/48),差别有显著性.而盆底功能障碍的相关知识大多来自长辈、同事,占53.1%(95/178),通过医护宣传获知的占15.5%(27/178).仅44.4%(12/27)的患者在盆底功能障碍症状明显状态下才有治疗需求.因此产后盆底功能障碍等相关知识的宣教需加强.%From January 2014 to June 2014,a total of 178 primiparas and biparas scheduled for a 42-day postpartum follow-up visit at our hospital were examined.And their pelvic floor dysfunctions were evaluated according to the surveys of incontinence impact questionnaire,short form (IIQ-7),pelvic floor impact questionnaire-7 (PFIQ-7) and pelvic organ prolapse/urinary incontinence sexual questionnaire (PlSQ.12).And 130 primiparas and 48 biparas lacked an understanding of performance,prevention and treatment for postpartum pelvic floor dysfunction.And two groups showed no significant difference.The selfdiscovery and detection rates of decreased pelvic myodynamic were 9.2% and 14.6% in primiparas versus 10.4% and 16.7% in biparas.The self-discovery and detection rates of pelvic organ prolapse were 0.8% and 2.3% in primiparas versus 0.0% and 8.3% in biparas.And the difference was statistically significant.Most related knowledge came from parents and colleagues in 53.1% (95/178) and doctors and nurses in 15.5% (27

  16. Effects of a 12-week rehabilitation program with music & exercise groups on range of motion in young children with severe burns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neugebauer, Christine Tuden; Serghiou, Michael; Herndon, David N; Suman, Oscar E

    2008-01-01

    Previous studies indicate that rehabilitation programs supplemented with a strength and endurance-based exercise program improve lean body mass, pulmonary function, endurance, strength, and functional outcomes in severely burned children over the age of 7-years when compared with standard of care (SOC). To date, supplemental exercise programming for severely burned children under the age of 7-years has not yet been explored. The purpose of this study was to determine if a 12-week rehabilitation program supplemented with music & exercise, was more effective in improving functional outcomes than the SOC alone. This is a descriptive study that measured elbow and knee range of motion (ROM) in 24 severely burned children between ages 2 and 6 years. Groups were compared for demographics as well as active and passive ROM to bilateral elbows and knees. A total of 15 patients completed the rehabilitation with supplemental music and exercise, and data was compared with 9 patients who received SOC. Patients receiving the 12-week program significantly improved ROM in all joints assessed except for one. Patients receiving SOC showed a significant improvement in only one of the joints assessed. Providing a structured supplemental music and exercise program in conjunction with occupational and physical therapy seems to improve both passive and active ROM to a greater extent than the SOC alone.

  17. Successfully improving physical activity behavior after rehabilitation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Ploeg, Hidde P; Streppel, Kitty R M; van der Beek, Allard J; van der Woude, Luc H V; Vollenbroek-Hutten, Miriam M R; van Harten, Wim H; van Mechelen, Willem; van der Woude, Lucas

    2007-01-01

    PURPOSE: To determine the effects of the physical activity promotion programs Rehabilitation & Sports (R&S) and Active after Rehabilitation (AaR) on sport and daily physical activity 1 year after in- or outpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN: Subjects in intervention rehabilitation centers were randomize

  18. The Time to Begin Looking for Community Rehabilitation Programs Offering Vocational Services Is... Now!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    Parents and caregivers are often faced with the daunting task of assisting students with disabilities in selecting a work program to attend after graduation. Finding the right program to suit the unique needs of each individual can be trying and frustrating as parents and teachers attempt to prepare students for life after school by providing work…

  19. Early rehabilitation after surgery program versus conventional care during perioperative period in patients undergoing laparoscopic assisted total gastrectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manash Ranjan Sahoo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of early rehabilitation after surgery program (ERAS in patients undergoing laparoscopic assisted total gastrectomy. Materials And Methods: This is a study where 47 patients who are undergoing lap assisted total gastrectomy are selected. Twenty-two (n = 22 patients received enhanced recovery programme (ERAS management and rest twenty-five (n = 25 conventional management during the perioperative period. The length of postoperative hospital stay, time to passage of first flatus, intraoperative and postoperative complications, readmission rate and 30 day mortality is compared. Serum levels of C-reactive protein pre-operatively and also on post-op day 1 and 3 are compared. Results: Postoperative hospital stay is shorter in ERAS group (78 ± 26 h when compared to conventional group (140 ± 28 h. ERAS group passed flatus earlier than conventional group (37 ± 9 h vs. 74 ± 16 h. There is no significant difference in complications between the two groups. Serum levels of CRP are significantly low in ERAS group in comparison to conventional group. [d1 (52.40 ± 10.43 g/L vs. (73.07 ± 19.32 g/L, d3 (126.10 ± 18.62 g/L vs. (160.72 ± 26.18 g/L]. Conclusion: ERAS in lap-assisted total gastrectomy is safe, feasible and efficient and it can ameliorate post-operative stress and accelerate postoperative rehabilitation in patients with gastric cancer. Short term follow up results are encouraging but we need long term studies to know its long term benefits.

  20. Daily functioning of dyspnea, self-esteem and physical self in patients with moderate COPD before, during and after a first inpatient rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ninot, Gregory; Moullec, Gregory; Desplan, Jacques; Prefaut, Christian; Varray, Alain

    2007-11-30

    Inpatient rehabilitation improves dyspnea and increases self-esteem between admission and discharge in patients with moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Some researchers nevertheless argue that the changes may be due to nursing effects and thus that scores will decrease quickly at home after discharge. This study assessed the change in dyspnea, self-esteem and physical self mean scores and stability in patients with moderate COPD during three consecutive four-week periods: at home, during an inpatient rehabilitation program, and again at home post-discharge. Twenty-three consecutive patients [63.9 years (SD 6.6)] with moderate COPD [FEV1 = 55.8% (SD 13.2)] were included. The participants responded to the Physical Self Inventory and rated dyspnea using a visual analogue scale twice a day. Exercise tolerance was assessed with the six-minute walk test (6MWT) at admission and discharge. 6MWT performance improved between admission and discharge [452.3 m. (SD 74.0) vs. 503.3 m. (SD 80.4), p self-esteem and physical self scores between the two home periods (p self-esteem, the perceptions of physical condition and attractive body were all significant. After rehabilitation, the coefficients between dyspnea, and perceived physical condition, physical strength and sport competence were significant (p program increases the mean physical self scores in patients with moderate COPD and decreases their instability; the program also improves dyspnea. However, the impact of rehabilitation was greater on specific perceptions of physical abilities than on the global self-esteem. Randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm these changes, which were probably due to rehabilitation program.

  1. Multiple transitions in sick leave, disability benefits, and return to work. - A 4-year follow-up of patients participating in a work-related rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Øyeflaten Irene

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Return to work (RTW after long-term sick leave can be a long-lasting process where the individual may shift between work and receiving different social security benefits, as well as between part-time and full-time work. This is a challenge in the assessment of RTW outcomes after rehabilitation interventions. The aim of this study was to analyse the probability for RTW, and the probabilities of transitions between different benefits during a 4-year follow-up, after participating in a work-related rehabilitation program. Methods The sample consisted of 584 patients (66% females, mean age 44 years (sd = 9.3. Mean duration on various types of sick leave benefits at entry to the rehabilitation program was 9.3 months (sd = 3.4]. The patients had mental (47%, musculoskeletal (46%, or other diagnoses (7%. Official national register data over a 4-year follow-up period was analysed. Extended statistical tools for multistate models were used to calculate transition probabilities between the following eight states; working, partial sick leave, full-time sick leave, medical rehabilitation, vocational rehabilitation, and disability pension; (partial, permanent and time-limited. Results During the follow-up there was an increased probability for working, a decreased probability for being on sick leave, and an increased probability for being on disability pension. The probability of RTW was not related to the work and benefit status at departure from the rehabilitation clinic. The patients had an average of 3.7 (range 0–18 transitions between work and the different benefits. Conclusions The process of RTW or of receiving disability pension was complex, and may take several years, with multiple transitions between work and different benefits. Access to reliable register data and the use of a multistate RTW model, makes it possible to describe the developmental nature and the different levels of the recovery and disability

  2. Repair, Evaluation, Maintenance, and Rehabilitation Research Program: Concepts for Installation of the Precast Concrete Stay-in-Place Forming System for Lock Wall Rehabilitation in an Operational Lock

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    REHABILITATION INCLUDING CONCRETE -SETTING AND DEWATERING COFF ] DEMOLITION WORK. -DRILLING AND INSTALLING PAN 2. ONE ENTIRE LOCK WALL FACE SHALL BE :PRESSURE...and shall include, as a minimum A. Detailed critical path construction schedule B. Dates for major submittal items such as shop , cofferdam, and...Anchors 3. Fenders H. Welder qualifications and weld procedures I. Shop and erection or operation drawings 1. Cofferdam 2. Precast panels 3

  3. A Sea Floor Penetrometer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    processed through an analog-to-digital (A/D) converter, and stored in the memory of a mini-computer. Computer algorithms are applied to the deceleration data to provide real-time sea floor classification.

  4. Measurement of Functional Capacity Requirements of Farmers: IMPLICATIONS FOR A CARDIAC REHABILITATION TRAINING PROGRAM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Shannon; Karcher, Justin; Rogers, Rebecca; Kennedy, Kathleen; Lawrence, Anne; Adams, Jenny

    2017-03-01

    Updated cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and return-to-work guidelines from the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) now include specificity of training for industrial athletes (exercise training that involves the muscle groups, movements, and energy systems that these patients use during occupational tasks). However, many CR facilities do not apply this principle, relying instead on the traditional protocol that consists primarily of aerobic exercise. This study was conducted to measure the metabolic cost of typical farming tasks and to compare 2 methods of calculating training intensities. Metabolic data were collected from 28 participants (23 men and 5 women, aged 18 to 57 years) while they loaded 10 hay bales, dug a fence posthole, filled 8 seed hoppers, and shoveled grain. Mean metabolic equivalent levels during these activities were 5.9 to 7.6 and participants reached 60% to 70% of heart rate reserve (HRR). By comparison, their mean resting heart rate + 30 beats per minute (RHR+30, a traditional CR intensity level) represented only 28% of HRR. Participants in the current study performed farming tasks within the ACSM's recommended range of 40% to 80% of HRR, and the results suggest that training at RHR+30 would have been inadequate for helping a farmer return to work after a cardiac event. Using the study tasks as a basis, we described exercises that would be appropriate for the supervised resistance training of farmers in a CR setting.

  5. Cognitive Pragmatic Rehabilitation Program in Schizophrenia: A Single Case fMRI Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabbatore, Ilaria; Geda, Elisabetta; Gastaldo, Luigi; Duca, Sergio; Costa, Tommaso; Bara, Bruno G.; Sacco, Katiuscia

    2017-01-01

    Introduction. The present study was intended to evaluate the effects of a rehabilitative training, the Cognitive Pragmatic Treatment (CPT), aimed at improving communicative-pragmatic abilities and the related cognitive components, on the cerebral modifications of a single case patient diagnosed with schizophrenia. Methods. The patient underwent two functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) sessions, before and after the treatment. In order to assess brain changes, we calculated the Amplitude of Low Frequency Fluctuation (ALFF) index of the resting-state fMRI signal, which is interpreted as reflecting the intensity of the spontaneous regional activity of the brain. Behavioural measures of the patient's communicative performance were also gathered before and after training and at follow-up. Results. The patient improved his communicative performance in almost all tests. Posttraining stronger ALFF signal emerged in the superior, inferior, and medial frontal gyri, as well as the superior temporal gyri. Conclusions. Even if based on a single case study, these preliminary results show functional changes at the cerebral level that seem to support the patient's behavioural improvements.

  6. Effect of a Task-Oriented Rehabilitation Program on Upper Extremity Recovery Following Motor Stroke: The ICARE Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winstein, Carolee J; Wolf, Steven L; Dromerick, Alexander W; Lane, Christianne J; Nelsen, Monica A; Lewthwaite, Rebecca; Cen, Steven Yong; Azen, Stanley P

    2016-02-09

    Clinical trials suggest that higher doses of task-oriented training are superior to current clinical practice for patients with stroke with upper extremity motor deficits. To compare the efficacy of a structured, task-oriented motor training program vs usual and customary occupational therapy (UCC) during stroke rehabilitation. Phase 3, pragmatic, single-blind randomized trial among 361 participants with moderate motor impairment recruited from 7 US hospitals over 44 months, treated in the outpatient setting from June 2009 to March 2014. Structured, task-oriented upper extremity training (Accelerated Skill Acquisition Program [ASAP]; n = 119); dose-equivalent occupational therapy (DEUCC; n = 120); or monitoring-only occupational therapy (UCC; n = 122). The DEUCC group was prescribed 30 one-hour sessions over 10 weeks; the UCC group was only monitored, without specification of dose. The primary outcome was 12-month change in log-transformed Wolf Motor Function Test time score (WMFT, consisting of a mean of 15 timed arm movements and hand dexterity tasks). Secondary outcomes were change in WMFT time score (minimal clinically important difference [MCID] = 19 seconds) and proportion of patients improving ≥25 points on the Stroke Impact Scale (SIS) hand function score (MCID = 17.8 points). Among the 361 randomized patients (mean age, 60.7 years; 56% men; 42% African American; mean time since stroke onset, 46 days), 304 (84%) completed the 12-month primary outcome assessment; in intention-to-treat analysis, mean group change scores (log WMFT, baseline to 12 months) were, for the ASAP group, 2.2 to 1.4 (difference, 0.82); DEUCC group, 2.0 to 1.2 (difference, 0.84); and UCC group, 2.1 to 1.4 (difference, 0.75), with no significant between-group differences (ASAP vs DEUCC: 0.14; 95% CI, -0.05 to 0.33; P = .16; ASAP vs UCC: -0.01; 95% CI, -0.22 to 0.21; P = .94; and DEUCC vs UCC: -0.14; 95% CI, -0.32 to 0.05; P = .15). Secondary outcomes for the ASAP

  7. Radiant Floor Cooling Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Bjarne W.

    2008-01-01

    In many countries, hydronic radiant floor systems are widely used for heating all types of buildings such as residential, churches, gymnasiums, hospitals, hangars, storage buildings, industrial buildings, and smaller offices. However, few systems are used for cooling.This article describes a floor...... cooling system that includes such considerations as thermal comfort of the occupants, which design parameters will influence the cooling capacity and how the system should be controlled. Examples of applications are presented....

  8. EFFECTIVENESS OF MIRROR THERAPY AS A HOME PROGRAM IN REHABILITATION OF HAND FUNCTION IN SUB-ACUTE STROKE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Femy Mol Baby

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Back ground and introduction: Purpose is to study the effectiveness of Mirror Therapy as a home program in rehabilitation of hand function in sub-acute stroke. Method: An experimental study design, 30 subjects with sub-acute stroke with impaired hand function randomly allocated 15 subjects into each Mirror therapy and Sham mirror therapy group. Sham mirror therapy group received sham mirror therapy with conventional exercises while Mirror therapy group received home based Mirror therapy with conventional exercises. Subjects were asked to review once in a week and follow the treatment at home for 4 weeks. Hand functions were measured using Chedoke Arm and Hand Activities Inventory-9 (CAHAI-9 Scale before and after 4 weeks of intervention. Results: When means of post intervention compared using Independent ‘t’ between groups found there is a statistically significant difference (p<0.05 in means of CAHAI-9 score for hand functions. When analyzed within groups using Paired ‘t’ test and Wilcoxon signed rank test there is a statistically significant improvement in means of CAHAI-9 score in both the groups. Conclusion: It is concluded that the Mirror therapy as a home program with conventional exercises significantly found effective than Sham mirror therapy in improving hand functions in sub-acute stroke.

  9. Baseline Systolic Blood Pressure Response to Exercise Stress Test Can Predict Exercise Indices following Cardiac Rehabilitation Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akram Sardari

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Systolic blood pressure recovery (rSBP is of prognostic value for predicting the survival and co-morbidity rate in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD. This study investigated the association between rSBP and exercise indices after complete cardiac rehabilitation program (CR in a population-based sample of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG.Methods: The sample population consisted of 352 patients who underwent pure CABG. The patients underwent standard symptom-limited exercise testing immediately before and also after the completion of the CR sessions. rSBP was defined as the ratio of the systolic blood pressure at 3 minutes in recovery to the systolic blood pressure at peak exercise.Results: An abnormal baseline rSBP after exercise was a strong predictor of exercise parameters in the last session, including metabolic equivalents (β = -0.617, SE = 0.127, p value < 0.001 and peak O2 consumption (β = -1.950, SE = 0.363, p value < 0.001 measured in the last session adjusted for baseline exercise characteristics, demographics, function class, and left ventricular ejection fraction.Conclusion: The current study strongly emphasizes the predictive role of baseline rSBP after exercise in evaluating exercise parameters following CR. This baseline index can predict abnormal METs value, peak O2 consumption, post-exercise heart rate, and heart rate recovery after a 24-session CR program.

  10. 雌激素联合盆底康复治疗对绝经后女性泌尿生殖道萎缩的疗效分析%Vaginal estrogen combined with pelvic floor rehabilitation for urogenital atrophy in postmenopausal women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马明妍

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the treatment effect of vaginal estrogen in the combination of pelvic floor rehabilitation for urogenital atrophy in postmenopausal women.Methods 197 postmenopausal women with urogenital atrophy treated at our hospital from February, 2014 to February, 2015 were selected and were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group.The control group were vaginally smeared with promestriene cream, 1 g: 0.01 g, 1 g once, once a day;when the symptoms were improved,promestriene cream was used twice a week, 1 g once, for 2 months.In addition, the observation group were treated with pelvic floor rehabilitation therapy for 2 months.The treatment effect were compared between these two groups.Results The symptoms of vaginal atrophy were much better after than before the treatment in both groups, with statistical differences (P<0.01).Urinary incontinence, vaginal dryness,dyspareunia, bacteriuria positiveness etc.were improve much more in the observation group than in the control group, with statistical differences (P<0.01).Conclusions Vaginal estrogen in the combination of pelvic floor rehabilitation for urogenital atrophy in postmenopausal women is effective and worth being clinically generalized.%目的 探讨阴道雌激素联合盆底康复对绝经后女性泌尿生殖道萎缩的治疗效果.方法 选取2014年2月至2015年2月于我院接收治疗的197例泌尿道萎缩绝经后女性,以随机分组法分为观察组与对照组,对照组患者采用普罗雌烯乳膏行阴道涂抹治疗,1g/次,1次/d,症状好转后用药改为2次/周,1g/次,治疗周期为2个月;观察组在对照组基础上,加以联合盆底康复治疗法,治疗周期为2个月.比较两组治疗效果.结果 两组患者阴道萎缩症状有明显好转,前后比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);观察组患者尿失禁、阴道干涩、性交困难、菌尿阳性各顶指标好转情况均优于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P< 0.01).结论 阴

  11. 盆底康复仪结合中医调护治疗女性性功能障碍的临床效果研究%Study on the clinical effect of Chinese medicine nursing for the treatment of female sexual dysfunction combined with pelvic floor rehabilitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    言彩蝶; 黄慧红; 梁鸿

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical effect of Chinese medicine nursing combined with pelvic floor rehabilitation treatment of female sexual dysfunction. Methods Female sexual dysfunction 60 patients selected in July 2014~October 2014 by the hospital gynecology clinic“medical history questionnaire” investigate the initial diagnosis of patients with female sexual dysfunction were randomly divided into ob⁃servation group and control group(30 cases)both groups were given bio-electric stimulation therapy,based on this observation group were treated with acupressure,emotional nursing music therapy,the treatment period of 8 weeks. Results After treatment,the observation group and control group response rate was 93.33% and 73.33%,respectively.Clinical observation group was significantly higher,the difference was statistically sig⁃nificant(P<0.05).Comprehensive treatment of pelvic floor muscle strength,frequency of sexual activity,quality of life and the incidence of dyspa⁃reunia has improved significantly,comparing with before treatment differences were statistically significant( P<0.05) ,after treatment than before treatment,comparison between the two groups at the same time the differences were statistically significant( P<0.05) ,the observation group than the control group.Conclusion TCM nursing binding instrument pelvic floor rehabilitation treatment of female sexual dysfunction can improve the prognosis of integrated pelvic floor muscle strength,improve the prognosis of patient quality of life,worthy of clinical application.%目的:探讨中医调护结合盆底康复仪治疗女性性功能障碍的临床效果。方法女性性功能障碍患者60例,选取2014年7月~2014年10月本院妇科门诊经《病史问卷调查表》调查初步诊断为女性性功能障碍的患者随机分为观察组与对照组各30例,两组都给予生物电刺激进行治疗,在此基础上观察组加用穴位按摩、情志调护音

  12. PAIN, FUNCTION, AND STRENGTH OUTCOMES FOR MALES AND FEMALES WITH PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN WHO PARTICIPATE IN EITHER A HIP/CORE- OR KNEE-BASED REHABILITATION PROGRAM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolgla, Lori A; Earl-Boehm, Jennifer; Emery, Carolyn; Hamstra-Wright, Karrie; Ferber, Reed

    2016-12-01

    Hip exercise has been recommended for females with patellofemoral pain (PFP). It is unknown if males with PFP will benefit from a similar treatment strategy. The purpose of this study was to compare improvements in pain, function, and strength between males and females with PFP who participated in either a hip/core or knee rehabilitation program. The directional hypothesis was that females would respond more favorably to the hip/core rehabilitation program and males to the knee program. Randomized-controlled clinical trial. Patients were randomly assigned to a six-week hip/core or knee rehabilitation program. Visual analog scale (VAS), Anterior Knee Pain Scale (AKPS), and hip and knee isometric strength were collected before and after subjects completed the rehabilitation program. Data were analyzed using an intention-to-treat basis. Separate mixed-model analyses of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures were used to determine changes in VAS and AKPS and strength changes for subjects classified as treatment responders (successful outcome) and non-responders (unsuccessful outcome). Regardless of sex or rehabilitation group, VAS (F1,181=206.5; pstrength. A trend (F1,122 = 3.6; p = 0.06) existed for an effect of sex on hip external rotator strength change. Males demonstrated a 15.4% increase compared to a 5.0% increase for females. All treatment non-responders had minimal and non-significant (p > 0.05) strength changes. On average, males and females with PFP benefitted from either a hip/core or knee rehabilitation program. Subjects with successful outcomes likely had hip and knee weakness that responded well to the intervention. These males and females had similar and meaningful improvements in hip extensor and knee extensor strength. Only males had relevant changes in hip external rotator strength. Clinicians should consider a subgroup of males who may benefit from hip extensor and external rotator exercise and females who may benefit from hip extensor

  13. What is role of sex and age differences in marital conflict and stress of patients under Cardiac Rehabilitation Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komasi, Saeid; Saeidi, Mozhgan

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND To investigate the role of sex and age differences in marital conflict and stress of patients who were under cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. METHODS The data of this cross-sectional study were collected from the database of the CR Department of Imam Ali Hospital, Kermanshah, Iran. The demographics and medical data of 683 persons were collected from January 2003 and January 2010 using medical records, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Hudson’s Index of Marital Stress, and the Structured Clinical Interview for axis I disorders. Data were analyzed through Analysis of Covariance and Bonferroni test. RESULTS About 74.8% of the subjects were male. After adjustment for age, educational level, anxiety, and depression-the findings showed that women in CR program had a higher level of marital stress compared to men (54.75 ± 2.52 vs. 49.30 ± 0.89; P = 0.042). Furthermore, it was revealed that women who aged 56-65 years and more experienced higher level of marital stress compared to younger patients (P 0.050). CONCLUSION Marital conflict and stress threaten healthiness of women who aged 56-65 years more prominently than does in males or younger patients. Regarding the effect of marital stress on recurrence of the disease and cardiac-related morbidity and mortality in women, providing effective education and interventions to this group of patients, especially older women and even their spouses could be one of the useful objectives of CR programs. PMID:27752271

  14. Short-term inspiratory muscle training potentiates the benefits of aerobic and resistance training in patients undergoing CABG in phase II cardiac rehabilitation program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bárbara Maria Hermes

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective: To investigate the efficiency of short-term inspiratory muscle training program associated with combined aerobic and resistance exercise on respiratory muscle strength, functional capacity and quality of life in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass and are in the phase II cardiac rehabilitation program. Methods: A prospective, quasi-experimental study with 24 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass and were randomly assigned to two groups in the Phase II cardiac rehabilitation program: inspiratory muscle training program associated with combined training (aerobic and resistance group (GCR + IMT, n=12 and combined training with respiratory exercises group (GCR, n=12, over a period of 12 weeks, with two sessions per week. Before and after intervention, the following measurements were obtained: maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (PImax and PEmax, peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2 and quality of life scores. Data were compared between pre- and post-intervention at baseline and the variation between the pre- and post-phase II cardiac rehabilitation program using the Student's t-test, except the categorical variables, which were compared using the Chi-square test. Values of P<0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: Compared to GCR, the GCR + IMT group showed larger increments in PImax (P<0.001, PEmax (P<0.001, peak VO2 (P<0.001 and quality of life scores (P<0.001. Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that the addition of inspiratory muscle training, even when applied for a short period, may potentiate the effects of combined aerobic and resistance training, becoming a simple and inexpensive strategy for patients who underwent coronary artery bypass and are in phase II cardiac rehabilitation.

  15. 24 CFR 882.507 - Completion of rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Completion of rehabilitation. 882... PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES PROGRAM) SECTION 8 MODERATE REHABILITATION PROGRAMS Special Procedures for Moderate Rehabilitation-Program Development and Operation § 882.507 Completion of rehabilitation....

  16. Rehabilitation of reading in older individuals with macular degeneration: a review of effective training programs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pijnacker, J.; Verstraten, P.; Damme, W. van; Vandermeulen, J.; Steenbergen, B.

    2011-01-01

    Macular degeneration (MD) is the most common cause of visual impairment among older adults. It severely affects reading performance. People with MD have to rely on peripheral vision for reading. In this review, we considered several training programs that aim to improve peripheral reading, with a fo

  17. Rehabilitation of reading in older individuals with macular degeneration: A review of effective training programs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pijnacker, J.; Verstraten, P.G.M.; Damme, W. Van; Vandermeulen, J.; Steenbergen, B.

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT Macular degeneration (MD) is the most common cause of visual impairment among older adults. It severely affects reading performance. People with MD have to rely on peripheral vision for reading. In this review, we considered several training programs that aim to improve peripheral reading,

  18. 42 CFR 410.47 - Pulmonary rehabilitation program: Conditions for coverage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM SUPPLEMENTARY MEDICAL INSURANCE (SMI) BENEFITS Medical and... needs. (ii) Education includes information on respiratory problem management and, if appropriate, brief... certification including basic life support. (4) Is licensed to practice medicine in the State in which the...

  19. Moulds in floor dust - a particular problem in mechanically ventilated rooms? A study of adolescent schoolboys under the Danish moulds in buildings program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Harald W; Suadicani, Poul; Nielsen, Peter A

    2011-01-01

    ), including 503 adolescent schoolboys aged 13-17 years at 15 schools. Besides assessing symptom prevalences in questionnaires, we measured numerous potential risk factors in the school buildings. RESULTS: Stratifying on type of ventilation (natural, exhaust only, or full mechanical ventilation system......), the negative effect of high levels of mould in floor dust was more pronounced in rooms with mechanical ventilation system. With a variable combining high level of moulds in floor dust with type of ventilation in the classroom, a significantly increased risk was found for all symptoms in the mechanically...... ventilated classrooms with high mould concentrations. In multiple logistic regression models, significant odds ratios (OR) ranged from 3.9 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.5-10.1] (nasal congestion) to 17.0 (95% CI 2.1-138) (dizziness). CONCLUSIONS: The combined effect of moulds in dust and ventilation...

  20. 75 FR 27544 - National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)-Disability and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-17

    ...- Based Practice. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 27(4), 345-359. Canadian Institutes of Health... National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Center...

  1. 77 FR 24934 - Proposed Priority-National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Disability and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-26

    ... Proposed Priority--National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)--Employment of Individuals With Disabilities AGENCY: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

  2. Effects of Physical-Exercise-Based Rehabilitation Programs on the Quality of Life of Patients With Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cascaes da Silva, Franciele; Iop Rda, Rodrigo; Domingos Dos Santos, Patrícia; Aguiar Bezerra de Melo, Lídia Mara; Barbosa Gutierres Filho, Paulo José; da Silva, Rudney

    2016-07-01

    This study aimed to determine the effects of physical-exercise-based rehabilitation programs on quality of life of patients with Parkinson's disease through a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. For this purpose the following electronic databases were selected: Medline by PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and PEDro. The search strategy included the proposed descriptors in the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), associated with a sensitive list of terms to search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), without year and language restrictions. Fourteen studies were potentially relevant, and these studies were included. Physical-exercise-based rehabilitation programs realized 2-4 times a week, 60 min each session, for 6-12 weeks, and follow-up of 3 months promotes significant positive effects on quality of life in Parkinson's disease patients at mild to moderate stages and disease duration around 6 years.

  3. EFFECT OF SUPERVISED MODERATE INTENSITY EXERCISE PROGRAM IN PHASE ONE CARDIAC REHABILITATION OF POST OPERATIVE CABG PATIENTS - A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRAIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajan Modi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: With the increasing number of cases for CABG, the cardiac rehabilitation has gained importance. The trends in rehabilitation of a coronary artery disease patient are changing by incorporating a variety of aerobic exercises and resisted training in to their rehabilitation program. The outcome of any exercise chiefly depends on the training parameters like intensity, frequency and duration. Hence the present study focused to know the effects of supervised moderate intensity exercises on patients during hospital discharge following CABG. The objective of is to study the effectiveness of supervised moderate intensity exercise on distance walked and Quality of Life at hospital discharge following CABG. Methods: Study recruited randomly 46 patients between age group 40-65 years who were posted for non-emergency CABG for the first time. Pre-operative assessment was done thoroughly and was divided in to two groups, Group A conventional treatment and Group B Moderate intensity exercise group. The patients were treated using different protocols in terms of intensity for 8-10 days immediate post CABG. Then the outcome parameters of 6MWT and sf-36 were compared for analysis. Results: Both groups individually showed extremely significant results for two outcome measures. 6 MWD difference between two treatment groups showed significant results with unpaired t test (t = 8.5720,p<0.001. Quality of life score difference within group showed very significant results but there is no difference found between both groups. Conclusion: Moderate intensity exercises can also be included in the immediate post-operative phase of CABG, as they reduce the length of hospital stay and quicken the cardiac rehabilitation process. But there need to be a lot of randomized control trails to confirm the benefits of moderate intensity exercises in phase one rehabilitation program after CABG.

  4. Nutritional Rehabilitation of HIV-Exposed Infants in Malawi: Results from the Drug Resources Enhancement Against AIDS and Malnutrition Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulvio Erba

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Infant malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa is a public health priority and a challenge in high HIV prevalence areas. The Drug Resources Enhancement Against AIDS and Malnutrition program, with multiple medical centers in Sub-Saharan Africa, developed an innovative intervention for the surveillance and control of malnutrition. In a pilot initiative, 36 HIV-exposed children were evaluated at baseline upon presentation for malnutrition and at six months post- treatment. Parameters included HIV-free survival, nutritional status and change in diet. Food diary data was entered and processed using the Nutrisurvey (WHO software. At 6 months post-intervention, a significant improvement in anthropometric parameters was noted. Slowing of linear growth was observed in patients with malaria with a mean gain in centimetres of 4.4 ± 1.7 as compared to 5.6 ± 1.7 in children with no malaria, p < 0.048 (CL 95%: −2.32, −0.01. Dietary diversity scores increased from 5.3 ± 1.9 to 6.5 ± 1.3, p < 0.01 at 6 months. A significant increase (+25%, p < 0.02 in the number of children eating fish meals was noted. Our pilot data describes positive outcomes from a rehabilitative nutritional approach based on use of local foods, peer education, anthropometric and clinical monitoring in areas of high food insecurity. The relationship between malaria and linear growth retardation requires further investigation.

  5. Exercise Trajectories of Women from Entry to a 6-Month Cardiac Rehabilitation Program to One Year after Discharge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heather M. Arthur

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Physical activity is associated with reduced mortality and morbidity. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR is an effective intervention for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD. Unfortunately, women are less likely to engage in, or sustain, regular physical activity. Objectives were to (1 describe women’s guidelines-based levels of physical activity during and after CR and (2 determine the physical activity trajectories of women from entry to CR to one year after CR. Methods and Results. A prospective, longitudinal study of 203 women with CVD enrolled in a 6-month CR program. Physical activity was measured using the Godin Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire (LSI, focusing on moderate-strenuous activity. Data were analyzed using latent class growth analysis (LCGA and logistic regression. Mean scores on the LSI showed women to be “active” at all follow-up points. LCGA revealed a two-class model, respectively, called “inactive relapsers” and “moderately active relapsers.” Predictors of the “moderately active relapsers” class were employment status and diagnosis of myocardial infarction. Conclusions. Women achieved the recommended physical activity levels by the end of CR and sustained them until one year after CR. LCGA allowed us to determine the class trajectories associated with moderate-strenuous activity and, from these, to identify implications for targeted intervention.

  6. Relationship of psychological and physiological variables in long-term self-monitored data during work ability rehabilitation program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pärkkä, Juha; Merilahti, Juho; Mattila, Elina M; Malm, Esko; Antila, Kari; Tuomisto, Martti T; Saarinen, Ari Viljam; van Gils, Mark; Korhonen, Ilkka

    2009-03-01

    Individual wellness comprises both psychological and physiological wellbeing, which are interrelated. In long-term monitoring of wellness, both components should be included. Work-related stress and burnout are persistent problems in industrial countries. Early identification of work-related stress symptoms and early intervention could reduce individual suffering and improve the working productivity and creativity. The goal of this study was to explore the relationship between physiological and psychological variables measured at home by the users themselves or automatically. In all, 17 (3 males and 14 females, age 40-62) people participating in a work ability rehabilitation program (due to work overload) were monitored for three months. Physiological and behavioral variables (activity, bed occupancy, heart rate (HR) and respiration during night, HR during day, blood pressure, steps, weight, room illumination, and temperature) were measured with different unobtrusive wireless sensors. Daily self-assessment of stress, mood, and behaviors (exercise, sleep) were collected using a mobile phone diary. The daily self-assessment of stress and the Derogatis stress profile questionnaire were used as reference for stress status. Results show modest, but significant pooled overall correlations between self-assessed stress level, and physiological and behavioral variables (e.g., sleep length measured with wrist-worn activity monitor: rho = -0.22, p < 0.001, and variance of nightly bedroom illumination: rho = 0.13, p < 0.001). Strong, but sometimes conflicting correlations can be found at individual level, suggesting individual reactions to stress in daily life.

  7. [Use of multichannel programmed electrostimulation for the rehabilitation of patients with multiple sclerosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova, N F; Shagaev, A S

    2009-01-01

    Ninety-eight patients with definite multiple sclerosis (MS) have been examined. An effect of functional multichannel programmed electrostimulation (FMPES) on the restoration of balance and biomechanics of walking of patients with different types of MS and severity of neurological deficit was estimated. The effectiveness was measured with stabilometric analysis. The method was efficient in patients with mild and moderate degree of neurological deficit severity. Recommendations on the use of FMPES for patients with different disease severity are formulated.

  8. A culturally sensitive Transition Assistance Program for stroke caregivers: Examining caregiver mental health and stroke rehabilitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul B. Perrin, MS

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This study developed and implemented the Transition Assistance Program (TAP for stroke caregivers. The program is composed of (1 skill development, (2 education, and (3 supportive problem solving. Sixty-one dyads (n = 122 participated: thirty-nine from Puerto Rico and twenty-two from Texas. Participants were randomly assigned to the TAP treatment or a control group. As caregiver satisfaction with the TAP increased, strain and depression decreased, and caregivers reported a very high rate of program satisfaction (9.5 out of 10. The TAP effectively reduced caregiver strain at the 3-month follow-up. When controlling for baseline differences, we found that the treatment group had lower depression (p = 0.07 than the control group at follow-up and that the TAP may have had a preventative effect on depression for caregivers who had not been depressed at discharge, although this visual trend did not reach statistical significance. Among veterans with low functioning at baseline, veterans whose caregivers had received the TAP improved in functioning more than did veterans whose caregivers had been in the control group, although this visual trend was not significant. Functioning in veterans with stroke was also significantly linked to caregiver satisfaction with the TAP. The findings from the current study warrant further evaluation of the TAP intervention.

  9. Cooling Floor AC Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun, Lu; Hao, Ding; Hong, Zhang; Ce, Gao Dian

    The present HVAC equipments for the residential buildings in the Hot-summer-and-Cold-winter climate region are still at a high energy consuming level. So that the high efficiency HVAC system is an urgently need for achieving the preset government energy saving goal. With its advantage of highly sanitary, highly comfortable and uniform of temperature field, the hot-water resource floor radiation heating system has been widely accepted. This paper has put forward a new way in air-conditioning, which combines the fresh-air supply unit and such floor radiation system for the dehumidification and cooling in summer or heating in winter. By analyze its advantages and limitations, we found that this so called Cooling/ Heating Floor AC System can improve the IAQ of residential building while keep high efficiency quality. We also recommend a methodology for the HVAC system designing, which will ensure the reduction of energy cost of users.

  10. Rehabilitation Engineering: What is Rehabilitation Engineering?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Parents/Teachers Resource Links for Students Glossary Rehabilitation Engineering What is rehabilitation engineering? How can future rehabilitation ... the area of rehabilitation engineering? What is rehabilitation engineering? Powered prosthetic leg. Source : M. Goldfarb, Vanderbilt U. ...

  11. [Comparison between the short program and the long program of post-operative rehabilitation of hip fracture for making the critical path].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, T; Tsuchida, N; Ishibashi, H; Yamamoto, S

    2001-07-01

    Patients receiving operative treatment for fracture are good candidate for critical path management. Recently, we have developed a Short Program (SP) for post-operative rehabilitation of hip fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness, the safety and the cost efficiency of this SP, by comparing it with the former Long Program (LP) in terms of choosing the better program for the critical path. The enrolled patients were over 65 years old, had been able to walk by themselves with or without canes, were free from neurological diseases like hemiplegia and Parkinson's disease, and without pathological fractures. We enrolled 101 patients (mean age: 83.1) for the LP and 143 patients (mean age: 82.8) for the SP. The operative procedure for these patients was internal fixation with a sliding hip screw or prosthetic replacement for a femoral head. Length of hospitalization, the rate of recovering walking ability, medical expenses during hospitalization, and the types and incidence of complications were investigated to determine differences between the SP and the LP. Length of hospitalization was significantly shorter in SP patients (p fever complications than the LP group (p < 0.05). As a result, the SP was superior to the LP in terms of effectiveness, safety and cost efficiency, thus it was considered to be suitable for critical path management of hip fracture cases. However, because recovery of walking ability was harder for patients over 85 years old with the SP than with the LP, a modified program is necessary for such older patients.

  12. Risk predictors and frequency of cardiovascular symptoms occurring during cardiac rehabilitation programs in phase III-WHO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unverdorben, Martin; Unverdorben, Susanne; Edel, Klaus; Degenhardt, Ralf; Brusis, Otto A; Vallbracht, Christian

    2007-06-01

    Rehabilitation in ambulatory heart groups has become a well established part of comprehensive cardiac treatment in Germany. Identifying patients at risk for cardiovascular symptoms is important for the efficiency and safety of the program. Questionnaires were mailed to ambulatory heart groups in the state of Hessen, Germany, and returned by 1935/13 174 (15%) patients, age 65.9 +/- 7.6 years, 1504/1935 (77.7%) males, comprising approximately 674 000 patient exercise hours. 828 symptoms were reported by 538 patients, comprising dyspnea in 330/538 (61.3%), angina pectoris in 80/538 (14.9%), palpitation in 145/538 (27%), tachycardia in 59/538 (11%), dizziness in 152/538 (28.3%), fainting in 6/538 (1.1%), and others in 47/538 (8.7%). Cardiovascular symptoms occurred more frequently in patients presenting with overexertion (43/68 (63.2%), p exercise capacity (1.49 +/- 0.4 vs 1.59 +/- 0.5 W/kg body weight, p = 0.0002, mean difference -0.096 [95% CI (-0.146) -(-0.046)]), hypertension (269/ 854 (31.5%) vs 266/1068 (24.9%), p = 0.001, RR 1.39 [95% CI 1.14-1.69]), and hyperlipidemia (280/ 907 (30.9%) vs 255/1015 (25.1%), p = 0.005, RR 1.33 [95% CI 1.09-1.63]). Cardiovascular symptoms were more frequent in women (141/431(32.7%) vs 397/1503 (26.4%), p = 0.01, RR 1.35 [95% CI 1.08-1.71]). Overexertion (p hypertension (p = 0.05) are significant independent predictors of cardiovascular symptoms, while female gender (p = 0.06), and hyperlipidemia (p = 0.07) are not as significant. Previous myocardial infarction and diabetes had no statistical significant impact on cardiovascular symptoms. Patients likely to experience cardiovascular symptoms in ambulatory rehabilitation can be identified by their medical history and perceived exertion.

  13. Rehabilitation Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, George N.; Trotter, Ann Beck

    A total of 97 studies are reported in this review of research in vocational rehabilitation. Projects were selected on the following criteria: (1) pertinence to rehabilitation counseling practice, (2) research approach, (3) broad generalizability, and (4) supported by the Vocational Rehabilitation Administration for a one-to-five-year period and…

  14. The impact of a rehabilitation day centre program for persons suffering from schizophrenia on quality of life, social functioning and self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Štrkalj-Ivezić, Slađana; Vrdoljak, Marijo; Mužinić, Lana; Agius, Mark

    2013-09-01

    Presently few studies demonstrate improved outcomes in patients with schizophrenia treated in day rehabilitation centres. One reason is the absence of an evidence based protocol for rehabilitation in such centres. Hence further research is required to assess whether such a protocol will improve psychosocial outcomes. We performed a controlled evaluation study of a protocol based rehabilitation day program (RDC) for persons suffering from schizophrenia. Patients from the experimental group (N=50) were treated within the RDC for a 6 month period. The control group were patients on the waiting list for the RDC. Quality of life (MANSA), social functioning (OSA) and self-esteem (Rosenberg) were measured before and after the intervention. Statistically significant improvement was shown in social functioning measured by OSA (F(1,96)=33.7; p<0.001), quality of life measured by MANSA (F(1,96)=69.3; p<0.001) and self esteem measured by Rosenberg scale (F(1,96)=84.5; p<0.001) for patients treated in the RDC compared with the control group, conversely, the control group outcomes deteriorated. An evidence based protocol for rehabilitation within the RDC lead to improved social outcomes and recovery for persons suffering from schizophrenia.

  15. The effectiveness of computerized cognitive rehabilitation training program in improving cognitive abilities of schizophrenia clients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Mohammadi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a computer - based training program of attention, memory and executive functions in enhancing neuropsychological performances as well as functional outcome in clients with schizophrenia.A total of 15 clinically stable out patients with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR criteria for schizophrenia, diagnosed with different types of schizophrenia: paranoid, disorganized, residual, based on DSM- IV-TR were selected to participate in this study. All patients were randomly selected using a conventional sampling method and assigned to 60 hours individual sessions of computer - assisted cognitive remediation (CACR.This was a pre- experimental study with pretest and posttest in a single group. Cognitive functions were checked with Continuous Performance Test (CPT, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (Wds and Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ. The symptoms of patients were measured with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS. Remediation was performed utilizing the Rehacome® software. Patients received the cognitive remediation program including attention, concentration and working memory. All participants were followed up after an interval of one month and three months. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis.After 3 months, the findings showed that patients' scores improved in the time factor. Also, a significant improvement favoring cognitive remediation was found in several cognitive measures including Reaction Time (F = 4015p<.05, Eta = 0.242, Wds (F = 11.806, p<.05,Eta = .48 PRMQ1(F = 3.314, p<.05, Eta = 0.20 PRMQ7(F = 2.85, p<.05, Eta = 0.18.Computer-assisted cognitive remediation training program was effective in improving the performance of schizophrenic patients. CACR did not have any effects on the positive and negative symptoms. Long- term follow-up studies are needed to confirm the maintenance of such improvements.

  16. The Impact of Adding an Eccentric-Exercise Component to the Rehabilitation Program of Patients With Shoulder Impingement: A Critically Appraised Topic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valier, Alison R; Averett, Ryan S; Anderson, Barton E; Welch Bacon, Cailee E

    2016-05-01

    Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal complaint and is often associated with shoulder impingement. The annual incidence of shoulder pain is estimated to be 7% of all injuries, and is the third-most-common type of musculoskeletal pain. Initial treatment of shoulder impingement follows a conservative plan and emphasizes rehabilitation programs as opposed to surgical interventions. Shoulder rehabilitation programs commonly focus on strengthening the muscles of the shoulder complex and, more specifically, the rotator cuff. The rotator cuff is a primary dynamic stabilizer of the glenohumeral joint, using both eccentric and concentric contractions. The posterior rotator cuff, including teres minor and infraspinatus, works eccentrically to decelerate the arm during overhead throwing. Exercises to strengthen the rotator cuff and the surrounding dynamic stabilizers of the shoulder girdle vary and include activities such as internal and external rotation, full-can lifts, and rhythmic stabilizations. Traditionally, shoulder rehabilitation programs have focused on isotonic concentric contractions. Common strengthening exercises typically involve movements that result in shortening the muscle length while simultaneously loading the muscles. However, recent attention has been given to eccentric exercises, which involve lengthening of the muscle during loading, for the treatment of a variety of different tendinopathies including those of the Achilles and patellar tendons. The eccentric, or lengthening, motion is thought to be beneficial for people who are involved in activities that place eccentric stress on their shoulder, such as overhead throwers. Based on studies related to the Achilles tendon, eccentric exercise may positively influence the tendon structure by increasing collagen production and decreasing neovascularization. The changes that occur as a result of eccentric exercises may improve function, strength, and performance and decrease pain more than concentric

  17. Deflection of resilient materials for reduction of floor impact sound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jung-Yoon; Kim, Jong-Mun

    2014-01-01

    Recently, many residents living in apartment buildings in Korea have been bothered by noise coming from the houses above. In order to reduce noise pollution, communities are increasingly imposing bylaws, including the limitation of floor impact sound, minimum thickness of floors, and floor soundproofing solutions. This research effort focused specifically on the deflection of resilient materials in the floor sound insulation systems of apartment houses. The experimental program involved conducting twenty-seven material tests and ten sound insulation floating concrete floor specimens. Two main parameters were considered in the experimental investigation: the seven types of resilient materials and the location of the loading point. The structural behavior of sound insulation floor floating was predicted using the Winkler method. The experimental and analytical results indicated that the cracking strength of the floating concrete floor significantly increased with increasing the tangent modulus of resilient material. The deflection of the floating concrete floor loaded at the side of the specimen was much greater than that of the floating concrete floor loaded at the center of the specimen. The Winkler model considering the effect of modulus of resilient materials was able to accurately predict the cracking strength of the floating concrete floor.

  18. Deflection of Resilient Materials for Reduction of Floor Impact Sound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung-Yoon Lee

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, many residents living in apartment buildings in Korea have been bothered by noise coming from the houses above. In order to reduce noise pollution, communities are increasingly imposing bylaws, including the limitation of floor impact sound, minimum thickness of floors, and floor soundproofing solutions. This research effort focused specifically on the deflection of resilient materials in the floor sound insulation systems of apartment houses. The experimental program involved conducting twenty-seven material tests and ten sound insulation floating concrete floor specimens. Two main parameters were considered in the experimental investigation: the seven types of resilient materials and the location of the loading point. The structural behavior of sound insulation floor floating was predicted using the Winkler method. The experimental and analytical results indicated that the cracking strength of the floating concrete floor significantly increased with increasing the tangent modulus of resilient material. The deflection of the floating concrete floor loaded at the side of the specimen was much greater than that of the floating concrete floor loaded at the center of the specimen. The Winkler model considering the effect of modulus of resilient materials was able to accurately predict the cracking strength of the floating concrete floor.

  19. Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation program: Effect on exercise tolerance and quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghanem Maha

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: A key component in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD patients is pulmonary rehabilitation (PR, the corner stone of which is exercise training. Aim: This study aims to evaluate the effect of a two-months, home-based PR program with outpatient supervision every two weeks, on exercise tolerance and health-related quality of life (HRQL using Arabic-translated standardized generic and specific questionnaires in COPD patients recently recovered from acute exacerbation, Design: Randomized clinical trial. Setting and Subjects: A total of 39 COPD patients who recovered from acute exacerbation were randomly allocated either a two-month home-based PR program in addition to standard medical therapy or standard medical therapy alone in the period between July 2008 and March 2009. Methods: Pulmonary function tests (PFTs, six-minute walk distance (6-MWD test, Arabic-translated chronic respiratory disease questionnaire-self administered standardized format (CRQ-SAS and quality of life scale Short Form (SF-36 were compared between 25 patients with moderate to severe COPD who underwent a two-month PR program (group 1 and 14 COPD patients who did not (group 2. Results: Group 1 showed significant improvement in the 6-MWD, and HRQL scores at two months compared with the usual care patients in group 2 (P less than 0.05. Improvement in both CRQ-SAS and SF-36 scores were statistically significant and comparable in group 1. Conclusion: The supervised, post discharge, two-month home-based PR program is an effective non pharmacological intervention in the management of stable patients with COPD. The 6-MWD is a simple, inexpensive and safe test to assess physical and functional capabilities among COPD patients. HRQL can be measured in patients with COPD either by disease-specific tools that have been specifically designed for use in patients with respiratory system disorders or by generic HRQL tools that can be used across

  20. Outcomes of a multimodal cognitive and physical rehabilitation program for persons with mild dementia and their caregivers: a goal-oriented approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chew J

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Justin Chew, Mei-Sian Chong, Yoke-Leng Fong, Laura Tay Department of Geriatric Medicine, Institute of Geriatrics and Active Ageing, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore Background: Nonpharmacological interventions such as exercise and cognitive rehabilitation programs have shown promise in reducing the impact of dementia on the individual and the caregiver. In this study, we examine the effect of a multimodal cognitive and physical rehabilitation program for persons with mild dementia and their caregivers using conventional measures of cognition, behavior, quality of life (QoL, and caregiver burden together with goal attainment scaling (GAS, an individualized outcome measure.Methods: Goals were set at baseline, and GAS score was calculated at the end of the program. Participants were also assessed with the Chinese Mini-Mental State Examination, functional and behavioral scales (Barthel Index, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire, QoL, and caregiver burden using EuroQol-five dimension questionnaire and Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI. Differences in median scores postintervention were obtained. Further analysis of caregiver burden was undertaken utilizing the multidimensional classification of burden on the ZBI.Results: Thirty-four (61.8% patients were assessed to have met their goals (GAS score ≥50. Mean (standard deviation GAS score was 48.6 (6.5. Cognition goals were set in only 20.6%, followed by goals to improve engagement and socialization; reduce caregiver stress; and improve physical function, behavior, and mood. Median scores in the cognitive, functional, and QoL measures did not differ significantly pre- and postintervention. The intervention had a positive impact on role strain, a unique dimension of caregiver burden.Conclusion: This study provides evidence that a multimodal approach combining physical exercise and cognitive rehabilitation improves goal attainment and caregiver burden

  1. The Juvenile Rehabilitation Reader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwood, Peter W., Ed.; And Others

    This document contains several essays on topics of interest to researchers of rehabilitative efforts. The subjects covered include an historical look at chronic delinquents and their treatment programs; a review of West European programs; legal constraints on intervention; a review of evidence concerning biological contributions to criminality and…

  2. [Pediatric neurology in rehabilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurihara, Mana

    2007-07-01

    There are some criteria for administering pediatric rehabilitation, such as (1) plasticity of the child's brain sometimes plays an enormous roles in recovery, (2) on the other hand, break-down of the child's brain is sometimes worse than expected, (3) rehabilitation should be continued with the prospect that child grows and develops everyday, (4) family members should join their child's rehabilitation. The team approach is very effective for pediatric rehabilitation. The pediatric neurologist will be one of the best members of the team because he/she can manage a disabled child and his/her family members well, and is familiar with a normal child's development. Rehabilitation should be performed appropriates, which means that the child is evaluated first, a rehabilitation program is developed and rehabilitation is implemented. The World Health Organization published the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), which moves away from being a "consequence of disease" classification to "components of health". The concept of disability is changing.

  3. Pelvic floor muscle function in women with pelvic floor dysfunction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tibaek, Sigrid; Dehlendorff, Christian

    2014-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to investigate the level of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) function in women with pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) referred by gynaecologists and urologists for in-hospital pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT), and to identity associated factors for a low level of PFM fu...

  4. Patient attendance in a recall program after prosthodontic rehabilitation: a 5-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfart, Stefan; Weyer, Nils; Kern, Matthias

    2012-01-01

    This study evaluated the recall attendance and maintenance for a patient population after prosthodontic treatment in undergraduate student courses. Four hundred ninety-three patients who received fixed restorations (FRs; crowns or fixed partial dentures) or removable partial dentures (RPDs; conical crown-retained or precision attachment-retained dental prostheses) were included in a recall program. The number of patients attending regularly scheduled follow-up visits every 6 months was recorded. On the basis of the complexity of the performed treatment, all follow-up interventions were assigned to the categories minimal, moderate, or extensive. After 60 months, a cumulative follow-up attendance rate between 63% (RPD) and 74% (FR) was evident and not gender related. Altogether, 399 patients (193 FR, 206 RPD) regularly attended the follow-up visits. Between 61.9% (RPD) and 93.8% (FR) of these patients did not need any extensive treatment; however, only 19.2% (RPD) to 85.6% (FR) did not need any moderate or extensive treatment between follow-up visits. Patients treated with FRs showed a higher recall attendance than patients treated with RPDs. Further, patients with RPDs needed more extensive and moderate treatments than patients with FRs. This difference should be taken into consideration during prosthetic planning and patient consultation.

  5. REHABILITATION OF PATIENTS AFTER RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. N. Pavlov

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available According to the data obtained by Russian and foreign investigators, the major complication after radical prostatectomy (RPE is urinaryincontinence that is recorded in 20-30% of cases.Objective. To improve the results of surgical treatment in patients with prostate cancer, by developing and introducing a well-rounded post-operative rehabilitation program.Subjects and methods. Seventy-four patients who were treated at the urology clinic, Bashkir State Medical University, and underwent RPEin 2005 to 2007 have been examined; 27 of them were diagnosed as having urinary incontinence (UI. After discharge from the clinic, acontrol group received rehabilitative treatment at the sanatorium “Krasnousolsk” of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Results and discussion. Therapeutic exercises and pelvic floor electrostimulation halve the number of day urinations and paddings used inpatients with UI, by increasing the bladder capacity from 138.2±12.7 to 196±11.2 ml and improving the trophism of the bladder neck andurethra in the sphincteral area. 

  6. REHABILITATION OF PATIENTS AFTER RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. N. Pavlov

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available According to the data obtained by Russian and foreign investigators, the major complication after radical prostatectomy (RPE is urinaryincontinence that is recorded in 20-30% of cases.Objective. To improve the results of surgical treatment in patients with prostate cancer, by developing and introducing a well-rounded post-operative rehabilitation program.Subjects and methods. Seventy-four patients who were treated at the urology clinic, Bashkir State Medical University, and underwent RPEin 2005 to 2007 have been examined; 27 of them were diagnosed as having urinary incontinence (UI. After discharge from the clinic, acontrol group received rehabilitative treatment at the sanatorium “Krasnousolsk” of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Results and discussion. Therapeutic exercises and pelvic floor electrostimulation halve the number of day urinations and paddings used inpatients with UI, by increasing the bladder capacity from 138.2±12.7 to 196±11.2 ml and improving the trophism of the bladder neck andurethra in the sphincteral area. 

  7. Rehabilitation time before disability pension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Støver Morten

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The decision to grant a disability pension is usually the end of a long process of medical examinations, treatment and rehabilitation attempts. This study investigates to what extent the time spent on rehabilitation time prior to disability pension is associated with characteristics of the individual or the local employment and welfare office, measured as municipality variance. Methods A study of 2,533 40 to 42 year olds who received disability pension over a period of 18 years. The logarithm of the rehabilitation time before granting a disability pension was analysed with multilevel regression. Results The rehabilitation time before a disability pension was granted ranged from 30 to 5,508 days. Baseline health characteristics were only moderately associated with rehabilitation time. Younger people and people with unemployment periods had longer rehabilitation time before a disability pension was granted. There were only minor differences in rehabilitation time between men and women and between different levels of education. Approximately 2% of the total variance in rehabilitation time could be attributed to the municipality of residence. Conclusions There is a higher threshold for granting a disability pension to younger persons and those who are expecting periods of unemployment, which is reflected in the extended rehabilitation requirements for these groups. The longer rehabilitation period for persons with psychiatric disorders might reflect a lack of common knowledge on the working capacity of and the fitted rehabilitation programs for people with psychiatric disorders.

  8. Pelvic floor muscle training exercises

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003975.htm Pelvic floor muscle training exercises To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Pelvic floor muscle training exercises are a series of exercises ...

  9. A standardized motor imagery introduction program (MIIP for neuro-rehabilitation: development and evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine eWondrusch

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: For patients with central nervous system lesions and sensorimotor impairments a solid motor imagery (MI introduction is crucial to understand and use MI to improve motor performance. The study’s aim was to develop and evaluate a standardized MI group introduction program (MIIP for patients after stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and traumatic brain injury. Methods:Phase 1: Based on literature a MIIP was developed comprising MI theory (definition, type, mode, perspective, planning and MI practice (performance, control. Phase 2: Development of a 27-item self-administered MIIP evaluation questionnaire, assessing MI knowledge self-evaluation of the ability to perform MI and patient satisfaction with the MIIP. Phase 3: Evaluation of MIIP and MI questionnaire by 2 independent MI experts based on predefined criteria and 2 patients using semi-structured interviews.Phase 4: Case series with a pre-post design to evaluate MIIP (3x30minutes using the MI questionnaire, Imaprax, Kinaesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire, and Mental Chronometry. The paired t-test and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used to determine significant changes.Results: Data of eleven patients were analysed (5 females; age 62.3±14.1 years. Declarative MI knowledge improved significantly from 5.4±2.2 to 8.8±2.9 (p=0.010. Patients demonstrated good satisfaction with MIIP (mean satisfaction score: 83.2±11.4 %. MI ability remained on a high level but showed no significant change, except a significant decrease in the Kinaesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire score.Conclusion: The presented MIIP seems to be valid and feasible for patients with central nervous system lesions and sensorimotor impairments resulting in improved MI knowledge. MIIP sessions can be held in groups of four or less. MI ability and Mental Chronometry remained unchanged after 3 training sessions.

  10. 经腹全子宫切除术后生物反馈电刺激治疗对盆底功能康复的疗效%Curative effect of biofeedback electrical stimulation on the treatment of pelvic floor functional rehabilitation after total abdominal hysterectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭广林; 洪莉

    2016-01-01

    异均无统计学意义( P>0.05)。结论生物反馈电刺激对于经腹全子宫切除术后患者盆底功能康复具有明显效果,能有效预防子宫切除术后盆底功能障碍性疾病的发生。%Objective To explore the curative effect of biofeedback electrical stimulation on pelvic floor functional rehabilitation after total abdominal hysterectomy . Methods A total of 90 patients after total abdominal hysterectomy in the Gynecology and Obstetrics Department of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 1 to December 31 in 2013 were chosen as study objects . According to admission odd and even numbers ,they were divided into experimental group and control group ,and 45 patients in each group .The patients in experimental group were treated by biofeedback electrical stimulation and pelvic floor muscles training ,while patients in control group were treated only by pelvic floor muscles training .After 3 months and 6 months of total abdominal hysterectomy , pelvic floor muscle strength levels , vaginal pressures , degrees of staging pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP‐Q) ,degrees of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and overall sexual satisfaction rates were compared between two groups statistically .There were no significant differences between two groups of patients in general clinical data including age ,mode of delivery and body mass index etc . (P> 0 .05) .This study followed the procedures in line with Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University Ethics Committee to develop human trials of the standard ,approved by the committee ,and all the patients signed the informed consents .Results ① There were no significant differences between two groups of patients in pelvic floor muscle tension levels ,vaginal resting and squeeze pressures ,durations of vaginal contraction ,and SUI degrees after 3 months of total abdominal hysterectomy (P> 0 .05) .② After 6 months of total abdominal hysterectomy ,the pelvic floor muscle strength levels and SUI degrees of patients

  11. Effectiveness of an impairment-based individualized rehabilitation program using an iPad-based software platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carrie Alice Des Roches

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The delivery of tablet-based rehabilitation for individuals with post-stroke aphasia is relatively new, therefore, this study examined the effectiveness of an iPad-based therapy to demonstrate improvement in specific therapy tasks and how the tasks affect overall language and cognitive skills. Fifty-one individuals with aphasia due to a stroke or traumatic brain injury were recruited to use an iPad-based software platform, Constant Therapy, for a 10 week therapy program. Participants were split into an experimental (N=42 and control (N=9 group. Both experimental and control participants received a one hour clinic session with a clinician once a week, the experimental participants additionally practiced the therapy at home. Participants did not differ in the duration of the therapy and both groups of participants showed improvement over time in the tasks used for the therapy. However, experimental participants used the application more often and showed greater changes in accuracy and latency on the tasks than the control participants; experimental participants’ severity level at baseline as measured by standardized tests of language and cognitive skills were a factor in improvement on the tasks. Subgroups of task co-improvement appear to occur between different language tasks, between different cognitive tasks, and across both domains. Finally, experimental participants showed more significant and positive changes due to therapy in their standardized tests than control participants. These results provide preliminary evidence for the usefulness of a tablet-based platform to deliver tailored language and cognitive therapy to individuals with aphasia.

  12. Effectiveness of an impairment-based individualized rehabilitation program using an iPad-based software platform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Des Roches, Carrie A; Balachandran, Isabel; Ascenso, Elsa M; Tripodis, Yorghos; Kiran, Swathi

    2014-01-01

    The delivery of tablet-based rehabilitation for individuals with post-stroke aphasia is relatively new, therefore, this study examined the effectiveness of an iPad-based therapy to demonstrate improvement in specific therapy tasks and how the tasks affect overall language and cognitive skills. Fifty-one individuals with aphasia due to a stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI) were recruited to use an iPad-based software platform, Constant Therapy, for a 10 week therapy program. Participants were split into an experimental (N = 42) and control (N = 9) group. Both experimental and control participants received a 1 h clinic session with a clinician once a week, the experimental participants additionally practiced the therapy at home. Participants did not differ in the duration of the therapy and both groups of participants showed improvement over time in the tasks used for the therapy. However, experimental participants used the application more often and showed greater changes in accuracy and latency on the tasks than the control participants; experimental participants' severity level at baseline as measured by standardized tests of language and cognitive skills were a factor in improvement on the tasks. Subgroups of task co-improvement appear to occur between different language tasks, between different cognitive tasks, and across both domains. Finally, experimental participants showed more significant and positive changes due to therapy in their standardized tests than control participants. These results provide preliminary evidence for the usefulness of a tablet-based platform to deliver tailored language and cognitive therapy to individuals with aphasia.

  13. [Dermato-oncological rehabilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buhles, N; Sander, C

    2005-07-01

    National insurance companies in Germany support health cures for patients with malignant tumors (malignant melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, Merkel cell tumor, malignant cutaneous lymphoma). The clinical requirements are an invasively growing tumor, problems of self-assurance, and dis-integration of the patient regarding his social and/or professional environment. The decision for a health cure is made by the treating dermatologist in the hospital. In this context, the following sociomedical criteria should be applied: impairment, disability, and handicap. Usually, rehabilitation starts after the patient is discharged from the hospital. The inpatient rehabilitation program should be performed at an institution capable of providing dermatological and psychological treatment. The dermatologist acts as a manager for the members of the rehabilitation team (psychologists, physiotherapists, social workers, and ergo-therapists). In conclusion, dermato-oncologic rehabilitation plays an important role in re-integrating the patient into his professional life to avoid retirement.

  14. Chronic pelvic floor dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, Dee; Sarton, Julie

    2014-10-01

    The successful treatment of women with vestibulodynia and its associated chronic pelvic floor dysfunctions requires interventions that address a broad field of possible pain contributors. Pelvic floor muscle hypertonicity was implicated in the mid-1990s as a trigger of major chronic vulvar pain. Painful bladder syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and temporomandibular jaw disorder are known common comorbidities that can cause a host of associated muscular, visceral, bony, and fascial dysfunctions. It appears that normalizing all of those disorders plays a pivotal role in reducing complaints of chronic vulvar pain and sexual dysfunction. Though the studies have yet to prove a specific protocol, physical therapists trained in pelvic dysfunction are reporting success with restoring tissue normalcy and reducing vulvar and sexual pain. A review of pelvic anatomy and common findings are presented along with suggested physical therapy management.

  15. Psychiatric rehabilitation

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Psychiatric rehabilitation is an important component in the management of the mentally ill. This article presents a selective review of the publications in this journal. Questions addressed in this review range from assessment of rehabilitation needs to different rehabilitative approaches. Although the number of publications providing the answers is meager, there are innovative initiatives. There is a need for mental health professionals to publish the models they follow across the country.

  16. APPLICATION OF TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL STIMULATION ON LOWER LIMB ACUPOINTS AS AN IMPORTANT ADJUNCTIVE TOOL IN STROKE REHABILITATION PROGRAM & ITS EFFECTS ON SPASTICITY AND FUNCTIONAL ABILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandan Kumar

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is increasing evidence of neural plastic changes associated with specific training that isgoal-directed and requires special attention with practice. Sensory input by Transcutaneous electrical stimulation(TENS on acupoints and task related training (TRT induces recovery of lower limb function in patients afterstroke. There are very few studies which show the effectiveness and importance of sensory stimulation throughacupoints, therefore the purpose of the current study is to evaluate the effectiveness of TENS on acupointswhen applied with other rehabilitation program on reducing spasticity and improving lower limb function insubjects after sub-acute stroke. Materials and Methods: Thirty subjects with sub-acute stroke of either sideincluding both male and female participated in randomised clinical trial. Both group received TRT along withconventional physiotherapy program. TENS on acupoints was given in subjects of experimental group alongwith TRT and conventional program to evaluate the effectiveness of TENS. Measurement of spasticity was doneby Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS, functional ability was measured by Dynamic Gait index (DGI and Timed up& Go (TUG test. All the measurements were done before and after 5 weeks intervention. Result: A significantreduction in spasticity measured by MAS (p=0.03 and relevant improvement in functional ability measured byDGI (p=0.03 and TUG (p=0.04 were observed in experimental group after five weeks intervention.Conclusion: Present study provides an evidence to support the use of TENS on acupoints as an adjunctive toolwith task related training and other rehabilitation program.

  17. Guidelines for postdoctoral training in rehabilitation psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiers, William; Hanson, Stephanie; Turner, Aaron P; Stucky, Kirk; Barisa, Mark; Brownsberger, Mary; Van Tubbergen, Marie; Ashman, Teresa; Kuemmel, Angela

    2012-11-01

    This article describes the methods and results of a national conference that was held to (1) develop consensus guidelines about the structure and process of rehabilitation psychology postdoctoral training programs and (2) create a Council of Rehabilitation Psychology Postdoctoral Training Programs to promote training programs' abilities to implement the guidelines and to formally recognize programs in compliance with the guidelines. Forty-six conference participants were chosen to include important stakeholders in rehabilitation psychology, representatives of rehabilitation psychology training and practice communities, representatives of psychology accreditation and certification bodies, and persons involved in medical education practice and research. Consensus guidelines were developed for rehabilitation psychology postdoctoral training program structure and process and for establishing the Council of Rehabilitation Psychology Postdoctoral Training Programs. The Conference developed aspirational guidelines for postdoctoral education and training programs in applied rehabilitation psychology and established a Council of Rehabilitation Psychology Postdoctoral Training Programs as a means of promoting their adoption by training programs. These efforts are designed to promote quality, consistency, and excellence in the education and training of rehabilitation psychology practitioners and to promote competence in their practice. It is hoped that these efforts will stimulate discussion, assist in the development of improved teaching and evaluation methods, lead to interesting research questions, and generally facilitate the continued systematic development of the profession of rehabilitation psychology. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved

  18. Justification inclusion of physiotherapy and self-reflexotherapy program physical rehabilitation of adolescents with short-sightedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redkovets T.G.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : To substantiate the combined use of therapeutic exercises and Onnuri therapy to restore vision in teenagers with myopia. Material: analysis of more than 80 sources of literature on the subject to study the prevalence of myopia in adolescents and the impact of physical rehabilitation for restoration of view. Results : It was established that the increase in the prevalence of myopia in adolescents with greater visual load, requires the development of new approaches to rehabilitation. Data on the impact kinesotherapy and reflexology on the body. Presents the rationale of their use in rehabilitation, with the principles of conduct, with myopia. Conclusions : kinesis therapy, compliance with recommendations for the application of different directivity exercises limited power voltage, over- load of a physical and jumping, should be combined with the methods of self-reflection therapy (self-massage, application of seed, color effects for more high effect of restoring vision.

  19. Cardiac rehabilitation in the Navy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruzek-Kohler, C M; Love, V; Hendrickson, R; Branford, M; Gates, A; Telvick, C

    1994-10-01

    Cardiac rehabilitation has been effective in the management and recovery of the post-myocardial infarction population for almost 40 years. During that time, the fundamental components of rehabilitation have changed to reflect a growing complexity and number of cardiac patients. Great Lakes Naval Hospital has instituted a structured outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program. It is based on the needs of a large cardiac population with modifiable risk factors identified through quality improvement studies. Future implications and research in the area of cardiac rehabilitation include measurements of self-efficacy, long-term risk factor modification, cost effectiveness, gender-related differences, or morbidity and mortality.

  20. Male coping through a long-term cancer trajectory. Secondary outcomes from a RTC examining the effect of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program (RePCa) among radiated men with prostate cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dieperink, Karin B; Johansen, Christoffer; Hansen, Steinbjørn

    2017-01-01

    rehabilitation in irradiated prostate cancer patients retained the adjustment style Fighting Spirit stable after six months of radiotherapy, and in the long term reduced Cognitive Avoidance. Thus, the rehabilitation program supported the patient's active coping style and played down the passive coping style.......BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine if rehabilitation influenced self-reported male coping styles during and up to three years after treatment with radiotherapy for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a single-center oncology unit in Odense, Denmark, 161 prostate cancer...... patients treated with radiotherapy and androgen deprivation therapy were included in a randomized controlled trial from 2010 to 2012. The trial examined the effect of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program within six months of treatment consisting of two nursing counseling sessions and two instructive...

  1. Twenty-six years of post-release monitoring of Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris): evaluation of a cooperative rehabilitation program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adimey, Nicole M.; Ross, Monica; Hall, Madison; Reid, James P.; Barlas, Margie E.; Keith Diagne, Lucy W; Bonde, Robert K.

    2016-01-01

    The rescue, rehabilitation, and release of Florida manatees (Trichechus manatus latirostris) into the wild has occurred since 1974; however, a comprehensive evaluation of the outcomes of the releases has never been conducted. Herein, we examined data for 136 Florida manatees that were rehabilitated and released with telemetry tags between 1988 and 2013 to determine release outcome of each individual as either success (acclimation) or failure after at least 1 y. Ten predictor variables were statistically evaluated for potential relationships to release outcome. To assess the contribution of each predictor variable to release outcome, each variable was tested for significance in univariate analyses. Manatees born in captivity experienced poor success after release (14%), whereas the overall success of wild-born individuals was higher (72%). When compared with other variables in our dataset, number of days in captivity was the strongest predictor for determining success. Manatees rescued as calves and held in captivity for more than 5 y had a high likelihood of failure, while subadults and adults had a high likelihood of success, regardless of the amount of time spent in captivity. Ensuring the success of individual manatees after release is critical for evaluating the contribution of the manatee rehabilitation program to the growth of the wild population.

  2. Life Options Rehabilitation Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Award! For Professionals: The Impact of Technology on Nephrology Social Work Practice Nephrology social workers are faced with myriad tasks and ... Sledge, LCSW, from the April 2013 edition of Nephrology News & Issues . Read the article . Earn 1 CE ...

  3. 24 CFR 886.332 - Rehabilitation period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rehabilitation period. 886.332... Assistance Program for the Disposition of HUD-Owned Projects § 886.332 Rehabilitation period. (a) Immediate start of rehabilitation after sales closing. After the execution of the Agreement and the sales...

  4. Bridging science to service: using Rehabilitation Research and Training Center program to ensure that research-based knowledge makes a difference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farkas, Marianne; Anthony, William A

    2007-01-01

    The challenge of bridging science to service is increasingly visible in the healthcare field, with emphasis on the influence of evidence-based knowledge on both policy and practice. Since its inception more than 40 years ago, the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (RRTC) program has provided grants for both research and training activities designed to ensure that research knowledge is translated into practice. The RRTC program is unique in that its mission and funding have always required that both time and money be invested in the translation and dissemination of research-generated knowledge to users in the field, i.e., decision makers and practitioners. Boston University's Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation has been an RRTC for more than 25 years and provides an example of the effect of the RRTC program in bridging science to service. The Center's mission as an RRTC has been to develop and transfer research knowledge to decision makers and practitioners who can then inform change and promote progress in mental health disability policy and practice. This article reviews five basic dissemination and utilization principles for overcoming the most common barriers to effective dissemination of evidence-based knowledge and provides examples of the Center's activities related to each principle. In addition, a knowledge-transfer framework developed by the Center to organize dissemination and utilization efforts is described.

  5. Rehabilitation Counselor Professional Identity Development in Master's-Level Training Programs: An Exploratory Study of Potential Influencing Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Erin F.; Rak, Eniko; Austin, Bryan; Louw, Julia

    2012-01-01

    Unifying the field of rehabilitation counseling appears to be a daunting task. Many researchers have investigated this phenomenon and have also written position papers arguing for a specific identity perspective: either as a counseling specialty or as a separate profession. The current study examined beliefs about the field of rehabilitation…

  6. Shuttle Walking Test as Predictor of Survival in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients Enrolled in a Rehabilitation Program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbæk, Thomas; Martinez, Gerd; Brøndum, Eva

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Incremental Shuttle Walking Test (ISWT) is used to assess exercise capacity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is employed as an outcome measure for pulmonary rehabilitation. We studied the value of this test in predicting survival in COPD patients enrolled...

  7. Benefits of Long-Term Pulmonary Rehabilitation Maintenance Program in Patients with Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Three-Year Follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Güell, Maria-Rosa; Cejudo, Pilar; Ortega, Francisco; Puy, M Carmen; Rodríguez-Trigo, Gema; Pijoan, José Ignacio; Martinez-Indart, Lorea; Gorostiza, Amaia; Bdeir, Khaled; Celli, Bartolome; Galdiz, Juan B

    2017-03-01

    In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) tend to wane over time. Whether maintenance techniques may help sustain the benefits achieved after completion of the initial PR program remains controversial. To determine whether a long-term (3-yr) maintenance program after PR preserves the short-term effects on outcomes in patients with COPD. This was a multicenter prospective randomized trial including 143 patients with moderate-severe COPD, with 3 years of PR maintenance following an 8-week outpatient PR program. Patients were randomized to maintenance intervention group (IG) and standard monitoring program or control group (CG). The effects on BODE index, 6-minute-walk test distance (6MWD), and health-related quality of life were compared at 12, 24, and 36 months. A total of 138 (96.5%) completed the 8-week program. At this time, all outcomes (BODE, 6MWD, and health-related quality of life) showed clinically and statistically significant improvements (P ≤ 0.001). During the follow-up period, the magnitude of change in 6MWD differed between IG and CG (P = 0.042), with a slight initial increase in the IG during the first year and smaller decline afterward. The BODE index changes differed between baseline and measurements at Month 24 (P = 0.043). At 3 years, the adherence rate of IG patients was 66% and 17% for the CG group (P < 0.001). This study shows a 2-year beneficial effect of a program of rehabilitation maintenance on the BODE index and 6MWD when compared with a standard strategy. This effect vanishes after the second year of follow-up. Clinical trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT 01090999).

  8. Numerical Investigation of Floor Heating Systems in Low Energy Houses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weitzmann, Peter; Kragh, Jesper; Jensen, Claus Franceos

    2002-01-01

    . The model calculates heating demand, room temperatures, and thermal comfort parameters for a person in the room. The model is based on a numerical Finite Control Volume (FCV) method for the heat transfer in walls, ceiling, windows and floor. The model uses both convective and radiative heat transfer...... – a heavy system integrated into the concrete floor and a light system which is placed in heat transfer plates – have been investigated, using different supply temperatures to the floor heating system, and different control strategies. The aim of the study is to compare the two types of floor heating......In this paper an investigation of floor heating systems is performed with respect to heating demand and room temperature. Presently (2001) no commercially available building simulation programs that can be used to evaluate heating demand and thermal comfort in buildings with building integrated...

  9. Indoor radon seasonal variability at different floors of buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Francesco, S. [Department of Environmental Sciences, Second University of Naples, Via Vivaldi, 43, 81100 Caserta (Italy); Tommasone, F. Pascale [Office of Civil Protection, Meteorology, Climatology and Natural Hazards, Piazza Municipio, 81051 Pietramelara, Caserta (Italy); Cuoco, E. [Department of Environmental Sciences, Second University of Naples, Via Vivaldi, 43, 81100 Caserta (Italy); Tedesco, D., E-mail: dtedesco@unina.i [Department of Environmental Sciences, Second University of Naples, Via Vivaldi, 43, 81100 Caserta (Italy); C.N.R. (Italian Council for Research), Institute of Environmental Geology and Geological Engineering, Piazzale Aldo Moro, 00100 Roma (Italy)

    2010-09-15

    Indoor radon concentrations have been measured with the {alpha} track etch integrated method in public buildings in the town of Pietramelara, north-western Campania, Southern Italy. In particular, our measurements were part of an environmental monitoring program originally aimed at assessing the range of seasonal fluctuations in indoor radon concentrations, at various floors of the studied buildings. However, subsequent analysis of the data and its comparison with the meteorological data recorded in the same period has shown an unexpected pattern at the different floors. In this report we present data suggesting that, besides the well-known medium and longterm periodicity, there could also be a differentiation in major meteorological controlling factors at the different floors of the buildings, a fact that does not appear to have been reported previously. While the lower floors proved to be markedly affected by rainfall, for the upper floors, instead, a different behaviour has been detected, which could possibly be related to global solar radiation.

  10. Pelvic floor dysfunction in inflammatory bowel disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bondurri, A; Maffioli, A; Danelli, P

    2015-12-01

    conservative treatment is indicated, thus avoiding unnecessary laparotomy for small bowel occlusion. Pelvic pain management, coordinated by a specialist with expertise in pelvic floor disorders, includes many options, which vary from oral or local therapies to pelvic floor rehabilitation and sacral nerve stimulation. Surgical procedures often have unsatisfactory outcomes. Diagnosis and investigation of anorectal functional disorders in patients with IBD is important in order to implement better-suited diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, so as to avoid unnecessary and potentially detrimental medical and surgical therapies, with the final aim of improving patients' quality of life.

  11. A behavior change program to increase outings delivered during therapy to stroke survivors by community rehabilitation teams: The Out-and-About trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCluskey, Annie; Ada, Louise; Kelly, Patrick J; Middleton, Sandy; Goodall, Stephen; Grimshaw, Jeremy M; Logan, Pip; Longworth, Mark; Karageorge, Aspasia

    2016-06-01

    Australian guidelines recommend that outdoor mobility be addressed to increase participation after stroke. To investigate the efficacy of the Out-and-About program at increasing outings delivered during therapy by community teams, and outings taken by stroke survivors in real life. Cluster-randomized trial involving 22 community teams providing stroke rehabilitation. Experimental teams received the Out-and-About program (a behavior change program comprising a training workshop with barrier identification and booster session, printed educational materials, audit, and feedback). Control teams received printed clinical guidelines only. The primary outcome was the percentage of stroke survivors receiving four or more outings during therapy. Secondary outcomes included the number of outings received by stroke survivors during therapy and undertaken in real life. At 12 months after implementation of the behavior change program, 9% of audited experimental group stroke survivors received four or more outings during therapy compared with 5% in the control group (adjusted risk difference 4%, 95% CI - 9 to 17, p = 0.54). They received 1.1 (SD 0.9) outings during therapy compared with 0.6 (SD 1.0) in the control group (adjusted mean difference 0.5, 95% CI - 0.4 to 1.4; p = 0.26). After six months of rehabilitation, observed experimental group stroke survivors took 9.0 (SD 3.0) outings per week in real life compared with 7.4 (SD 4.0) in the control group (adjusted mean difference 0.5, 95% CI - 1.8 to 2.8; p = 0.63). The Out-and-About program did not change team or stroke survivor behavior. © 2016 World Stroke Organization.

  12. Análise dos recursos para reabilitação da musculatura do assoalho pélvico em mulheres com prolapso e incontinência urinária Análisis de los recursos para rehabilitación de la musculatura del suelo pélvico en mujeres con prolapso e incontinencia urinaria Analysis of the resources for rehabilitation of pelvic floor muscles in women with prolapse and urinary incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnaldo Lopes Silva Filho

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta revisão teve como objetivo analisar os recursos e sua eficácia na reabilitação do assoalho pélvico no tratamento dos prolapsos genitais e incontinência urinária. As buscas foram realizadas nas bases de dados MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS/SciELO e Biblioteca Cochrane. Foram encontrados 886 artigos, dos quais foram utilizados 34 estudos clínicos relevantes que respondiam às perguntas construídas pelos autores. Os estudos analisados mostraram que o treinamento do assoalho pélvico pode ser usado no tratamento dos prolapsos, porém são necessários mais estudos randomizados para sustentar essa evidência. Para a incontinência urinária a reabilitação do assoalho pélvico é eficiente e deve ser o tratamento de primeira escolha.Esta revisión tiene como objetivo analizar los recursos y su eficacia en la rehabilitación del suelo pélvico en el tratamiento de los prolapsos genitales y la incontinencia urinaria. Las búsquedas fueron realizadas en las bases de datos Medline/Pubmed, LILACS/SciELO y Cochrane. Fueron encontrados 886 artículos, de los cuales fueron utilizados 34 estudios clínicos relevantes y que respondían las preguntas construidas por los autores. Los estudios analizados mostraron que el entrenamiento del suelo pélvico puede ser usado en el tratamiento de los prolapsos, sin embargo, son necesarios más estudios randomizados para sustentar esta evidencia. Para la incontinencia urinaria la rehabilitación del suelo pélvico es eficiente y debe ser el tratamiento de primera opción.This review aimed to assess the capabilities and effectiveness of pelvic floor rehabilitation in the treatment of genital prolapse and urinary incontinence. The research was conducted in MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS/SciELO and Cochrane Library. There were found 886 articles, of which were used 34 relevant clinical trials that answered the questions constructed by the authors. The studies analyzed showed that pelvic floor training can be used in prolapse

  13. Arbejdsrettet Rehabilitering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  14. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  15. Arbejdsrettet Rehabilitering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  16. Vocational rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard

    2014-01-01

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability...... for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts....

  17. A Participatory Design Approach to Develop a Web-Based Self-Care Program Supporting Early Rehabilitation among Patients after Total Laryngectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cnossen, Ingrid C; van Uden-Kraan, Cornelia F; Eerenstein, Simone E J; Rinkel, Rico N P M; Aalders, Ijke J; van den Berg, Klaske; de Goede, Cees J T; van Stijgeren, Ans J; Cruijff-Bijl, Yvonne; de Bree, Remco; Leemans, C René; Verdonck-de Leeuw, Irma M

    2015-01-01

    To develop a Web-based self-care program for patients after total laryngectomy according to a participatory design approach. We conducted a needs assessment with laryngectomees (n = 9) and their partners (n = 3) by means of a focus group interview. In 4 focus group sessions, a requirement plan was formulated by a team of health care professionals (n = 10) and translated into a prototype. An e-health application was built including illustrated information on functional changes after total laryngectomy as well as video demonstrations of skills and exercises. Usability of the prototype was tested by end users (n = 4) and expert users (n = 10). Interviews were held to elicit the intention to use and the desired implementation strategy. Six main self-care topics were identified: (1) nutrition, (2) tracheostomy care, (3) voice prosthesis care, (4) speech rehabilitation, (5) smell rehabilitation, and (6) mobility of head, neck, and shoulder muscles. Expert users expressed concerns regarding tailored exercises, indicated a positive intent to implement the intervention in routine care, and expressed a need for guidance when implementing the intervention. End users and expert users appreciated the content completeness and multimedia-based information built into the application. The participatory design is a valuable approach to develop a self-care program to help meet users' needs. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  18. [Is rehabilitation worth it? : Review of economic evaluations of rehabilitation in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krauth, Christian; Bartling, Tim

    2017-04-01

    Because of demographic change, the rehabilitation sector in Germany is going to face increasing demands in the future. Limited budgets make the optimal allocation of resources a top priority. To support decisions about the optimal scope and design of rehabilitation, studies on health economics are of utmost importance. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the evaluation of rehabilitation with regard to health economics in Germany.Based on a comprehensive literature research, 17 studies on the cost-effectiveness of rehabilitation in Germany were identified. The health economics evaluation focuses on four main topics: patient education (5 studies), the comparison of outpatient and inpatient rehabilitation (7 studies), medico-occupational rehabilitation programs (2 studies) and aftercare programs (3 studies). All four topics show that innovative rehabilitation technologies can be cost-effective. Significant potential savings in program costs of 25-35% are demonstrated in outpatient rehabilitation (with comparable effectiveness with inpatient care). Designated patient education programs often lead to significant savings with indirect costs, by reducing periods of unfitness to work and extending the long-term ability to work. This review article also points out that some relevant areas of rehabilitation, such as the flexibilization of rehabilitation programs or the efficient organization of access to rehabilitation, have not been evaluated sufficiently on the basis of health economics. This article ends with the requirement to carry out more economics-based rehabilitation studies.

  19. Health-improving training of preschoolers' with respiratory diseases parents as an integral part of rehabilitation programs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Areshina Ju.B.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The necessity of health-improving training of preschoolers' with respiratory diseases parents is reasoned. The reasoning is held theoretically and practically. The list of lecture topics for this contingent of parents is created. It contains plans of lectures, designed for covers a hospital and a post- hospital periods of physical rehabilitation. In experiment took part 42 families of children aged 4-6 years old.

  20. Effect of cardiac rehabilitation program on exercise capacity in women undergoing coronary artery bypass graft in Hamadan-Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramin Shabani

    2010-01-01

    Conclusions: Women referred for rehabilitation have similar lev-els of compliance and improvement in exercise capacity and sup-ply of oxygen to cardiac muscles (measured by peak myocardial oxygen consumption. After CRP, women demonstrated signifi-cant improvements in exercise duration time, 6MWT, RPP and supply of oxygen to cardiac muscles. CRP can play an important role in improving functional independence in women.