WorldWideScience

Sample records for firms international procurement

  1. Procurement with specialized firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boone, Jan; Schottmüller, Christoph

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzes optimal procurement mechanisms when firms are specialized. The procurement agency has incomplete information concerning the firms’ cost functions and values high quality as well as low price. Lower type firms are cheaper (more expensive) than higher type firms when providing low...... (high) quality. With specialized firms, distortion is limited and a mass of types earns zero profits. The optimal mechanism can be inefficient: types providing lower second best welfare win against types providing higher second best welfare. As standard scoring rule auctions cannot always implement...

  2. Risk Management of Procurement Challenges: The Implication To Construction Firms In Ghana

    OpenAIRE

    Timothy Adu Gyamfi; PatrickZievie; Victor Boateng

    2016-01-01

    It is clear that procurement challenges have been enormous task delving the major stakeholders in construction industry. The construction industry all over the world is fraught with challenges and the case of Ghana is no different. The study set out to examine Risk management of procurement challenges: The implication to construction firms in Ghana. This study which was conducted within the Ashanti Region of Ghana, primarily sought to identify procurement challenges facing firms in Ashanti re...

  3. International working capital practices of Ghanaian firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Abor

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available International working capital management is important to firms frequently operating in the international market. This article investigates the international working capital practices of top Ghanaian firms involved in international trade. The objective of the study is to ascertain the extent to which Ghanaian firms use international working capital management vehicles. The article focuses on two main areas of international working capital management; international cash management and international sales and accounts receivables management. The results of this study reveal low level of use of international working capital vehicles among Ghanaian firms. Recommendations are made in this regard.

  4. International Taxation and Multinational Firm Location Decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Barrios Cobos, Salvador; Huizinga, Harry; Laeven, Luc; Gaëtan J.A. Nicodème

    2008-01-01

    Using a large international firm-level data set, we estimate separate effects of host and parent country taxation on the location decisions of multinational firms. Both types of taxation are estimated to have a negative impact on the location of new foreign subsidiaries. In fact, the impact of parent country taxation is estimated to be relatively large, possibly reflecting its international discriminatory nature. For the cross-section of multinational firms, we find that parent firms tend to ...

  5. Risk Management of Procurement Challenges: The Implication To Construction Firms In Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy Adu Gyamfi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available It is clear that procurement challenges have been enormous task delving the major stakeholders in construction industry. The construction industry all over the world is fraught with challenges and the case of Ghana is no different. The study set out to examine Risk management of procurement challenges: The implication to construction firms in Ghana. This study which was conducted within the Ashanti Region of Ghana, primarily sought to identify procurement challenges facing firms in Ashanti region and the effective methods used to deal with those challenges. This study adopted a quantitative research approach; the study used convenient (purposive sampling to select 20 first class construction companies within the Ashanti Region. Four management staff from each firm was used, and thus, the study population for the 20 firms will be 80. Sample for the study consisted of 40 respondents from ten (10 first class construction firms in the Ashanti region. These constitute 50% of the targeted population. Questionnaires were used to solicit data and statistical tools used to analyse the data collected are descriptive tools such as frequency, and percentages and also Chisquare. The study has found that risk assessment approaches used by the firms to identify procurement challenges were based on the past experiences of the firms, quantification of possible losses, and predictions drawn from secondary data. Also the challenges to procurement were the unavailability of indices for bids and costs, unavailability of construction materials, improper inventory management, and risks with working at height. The study has established that the methods for dealing with the challenges included direct imports of construction materials, the use of other substitutes, monitoring inventory and training workers on working at height.

  6. Endogenous Markups, Firm Productivity and International Trade:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bellone, Flora; Musso, Patrick; Nesta, Lionel

    In this paper, we test key micro-level theoretical predictions ofMelitz and Ottaviano (MO) (2008), a model of international trade with heterogenous firms and endogenous mark-ups. At the firm-level, the MO model predicts that: 1) firm markups are negatively related to domestic market size; 2......) markups are positively related to firm productivity; 3) markups are negatively related to import penetration; 4) markups are positively related to firm export intensity and markups are higher on the export market than on the domestic ones in the presence of trade barriers and/or if competitors...

  7. Monopolistic Competition, International Trade and Firm Heterogeneity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Hansen, Jørgen Drud; Kvedaras, Virmantas

    This paper presents a dynamic international trade model based on monopolistic competition, where observed intra-industry differences at a given point in time reflect different stages of the firm's life cycle. New product varieties of still higher quality enter the market every period rendering old...... varieties obsolescent in a process of creative destruction. For given technology (variety) production costs decrease after an infant period due to learning. It is shown that several patterns of exports may arise depending primarily on the size of fixed trade costs. At a given point in time firms therefore...

  8. Monopolistic Competition, International Trade and Firm Heterogeneity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Hansen, Jørgen Drud; Kvedaras, Virmantas

    This paper presents a dynamic international trade model based on monopolistic competition, where observed intra-industry differences at a given point in time reflect different stages of the firm's life cycle. New product varieties of still higher quality enter the market every period rendering old...... varieties obsolescent in a process of creative destruction. For given technology (variety) production costs decrease after an infant period due to learning. It is shown that several patterns of exports may arise depending primarily on the size of fixed trade costs. At a given point in time firms therefore...

  9. The international entrepreneurial firms' social networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Portugal Ferreira

    Full Text Available This paper investigates theoretically the importance and impact of the international entrepreneurial firms' (IEFs social networks on selected firms' strategies. We focus specifically on some core attributes of IEFs and the impact of social networks on such strategies as the choice of the foreign markets to operate and the foreign entry modes. The social networks are a major driver of the internationalization from inception and help in overcoming a variety of physical and social resource limitations as well as transactional hazards. We conclude that it is likely that both some fundamental characteristics of the IEFs and those of the foreign markets entered account for these firms reliance on their social networks.

  10. Theory of the Firm: A Reformulation with Primary Factors of Production and Procurement of Ingredient Inputs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroaki HAYAKAWA

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This paper reformulates the neoclassical theory of the firm by distinguishing two types of inputs: (1 the primary factors of production (labor, capital, etc. and (2 ingredient inputs (intermediate goods, raw materials, and services.  The production function is defined on the space of the primary factors while ingredient inputs, as required by production technologies, are procured externally from other firms. Firms maximize profits subject to the production function as well as to the ingredient input requirement functions. We analyze how the optimal level of production and the optimal employment of factor services are determined when the cost of the acquisition of ingredient inputs is counted explicitly as part of the total cost of production. The first order condition of profit maximization requires that the marginal value-added product of an employed primary factor be equal to its price, and the second order condition is stated in terms of the negative definiteness of the Hessian of the value-added function. Cost minimization requires that the marginal cost of production be equal to the sum of an incremental cost of factor services and an incremental cost of ingredient inputs that are procured. The optimum level of production and the optimal use of the primary factors both respond to changes in the prices of ingredient inputs. The paper also shows: the zero degree homogeneity of factor demand and output supply functions, the linear homogeneity of the value-added function, Shephard’s lemma, the interpretation of the Lagrangian multiplier in cost minimization, the nonlinearity of the iso-cost surfaces, and the concavity of the cost function.Keywords. Primary factors, Ingredient inputs, Production function, Value-added function,  Marginal value-added product.JEL. D01, D21, D24.

  11. Contracting Processes, Internal Controls, and Procurement Fraud: A Knowledge Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-30

    ååì~ä=^Åèìáëáíáçå= oÉëÉ~êÅÜ=póãéçëáìã= qÜìêëÇ~ó=pÉëëáçåë= sçäìãÉ=ff= = Contracting Processes, Internal Controls, and Procurement Fraud : A Knowledge...DATES COVERED 00-00-2015 to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Contracting Processes, Internal Controls, and Procurement Fraud : A Knowledge...capable processes, and effective internal controls result in the DoD having a higher level of vulnerability for procurement fraud (Rendon & Rendon, in

  12. Entering the United States Federal Procurement Market: success factors and barriers for foreign firms.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vehof, Tim; Ruel, Huub; Telgen, Jan; Ruel, H.J.M.

    2012-01-01

    The US federal procurement market is the largest procurement market in the world. Therefore, it is an attractive market for foreign companies to enter. Existing literature indicates the success factors and barriers for public procurement market entry in general, however not for the US procurement ma

  13. Do international acquisitions by emerging-economy firms create shareholder value? The case of Indian firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gubbi, Sathyajit R.; Aulakh, Preet S.; Ray, Sougata; Sarkar, M. B.; Chittoor, Raveendra

    2010-01-01

    While overseas acquisitions by emerging-economy firms are gaining increased attention from the business press, our understanding of whether and why this inorganic mode of international expansion creates value to acquirer firms is limited. We argue that international acquisitions facilitate internali

  14. The evaluation of the internal audit risk regarding public procurements

    OpenAIRE

    Iulian Bogdan DOBRA

    2009-01-01

    The paper wants to highlight the risk evaluation only for The public procurements carried out through demands of supply. Internal auditors must report the results of their work to the general management and any significant weakness discovered during the audit mission. But, on the other hand, we must not forget that auditors also face a risk, such as the detection risk, called the audit risk. Therefore, the internal auditor must consider the audit risk at the level of each operation as being a...

  15. The Firm as an Internal Capital Market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duus, Henrik Johannsen

    1996-01-01

    A review of current strategy literature shows that the portfolio view seems to have become unfashionable. This article argues in favor of a revitalization of the portfolio view, and attempts to show that with a few changes, it can be used together with the modern theories of the firm and its stra...... strategy. At the same time it shows how a heterodox portfolio model may be used to control the competence development of firms situated in turbulent and complex settings....

  16. International strategic alliances in construction: performances of Turkish contracting firms

    OpenAIRE

    Akıner, İlknur; Yitmen, Ibrahim

    2011-01-01

    Firms need various resources and capabilities in order to compete with each other effectively. These resources and capabilities can be acquired, developed internally, or obtained via an ongoing cooperative relationship with another firm through the use of a strategic alliance. The use of strategic alliances in construction industry has increased sharply over the last decade and they are particularly effective in helping a firm maintain a superior competitive position in dynamic environments. ...

  17. International public procurement: From scant facts to hard data

    OpenAIRE

    Cernat, Lucian; Kutlina-Dimitrova, Zornitsa

    2015-01-01

    Public procurement is a negotiating area gaining in importance at multilateral and bilateral level, as evidenced by a brief review of procurement provisions in existing trade agreements. The size of procurement spending stands in most developed economies at double-digit percentage points of GDP. However, despite the size and importance of these markets, the factual information available to trade negotiators remains scarce. Although public procurement patterns (e.g. size of procurement markets...

  18. 75 FR 66796 - Pricewaterhousecoopers LLP (“PwC”), Internal Firm Services Client Account Administrators Group...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... Employment and Training Administration Pricewaterhousecoopers LLP (``PwC''), Internal Firm Services Client... subject firm should read PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (``PwC''), Internal Firm Services Client Account... subject firm to read PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (``PwC''), Internal Firm Services Client Account...

  19. Contracting Processes, Internal Controls, and Procurement Fraud: A Knowledge Assessment (Briefing Charts)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    Contracting Processes, Internal Controls, and Procurement Fraud : A Knowledge Assessment Juanita M. Rendon Rene G. Rendon Report...TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2015 to 00-00-2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Contracting Processes, Internal Controls, and Procurement Fraud : A...DoD, 2009, 2015) • DoD contract management deficiencies result in higher level of vulnerability for procurement fraud 4 Background

  20. Impacts of Emerging Economies and Firms on International Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The internationalization of emerging economies has brought new perspectives to international business development. Focusing on the extensive impact these emerging economies and firms have had, this volume covers the strong players, such as Brazil, Russia, India and China, as well as dynamically...... originating from emerging economies. It explores new horizons in international business development and addresses challenging perspectives....... developing economies such as Mexico and the Philippines. The contributors review topics such as the role of institutions and resource dependency on outward foreign direct investment from emerging economies, and the role of the global mindset and psychic distance on the performance of subsidiaries of firms...

  1. Impacts of Emerging Economies and Firms on International Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The internationalization of emerging economies has brought new perspectives to international business development. Focusing on the extensive impact these emerging economies and firms have had, this volume covers the strong players, such as Brazil, Russia, India and China, as well as dynamically...

  2. An analysis of viable financial negotiations processes and related internal controls for procurement in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Rafique, Abdul B.; Malik, Muhammad W.; Salman, Muhammad

    2016-01-01

    MBA Professional Report Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited In Pakistan, the process of public procurement procedure standardization started in 2002 with the establishment of the Pakistan Public Procurement Regulatory Authority (PPRA), based on the 1994 United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) Model Law. PPRA rules allow four types of procurement procedures but limit the ability to conduct financial negotiations. PPRA rules are aimed at implemen...

  3. Small Open Economy Firms in International Trade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Tor Viking; Smeets, Valérie; Warzynski, Frederic

    In this paper, we use a rich dataset disaggregating imports and exports decisions by product and origin/destination of all Danish companies for the period 1993-2003 to provide key elements in characterizing Danish firms in international trade. Most evidence to date emanates from the U.S....... or developing economies like Columbia or Mexico. Benchmarking on these studies, we find some similarities but also differences which we think are representative of European-type, small open economies. We find that Danish exporters make up a fairly small fraction of the total of firms, but that this fraction...... is higher than in e.g., the U.S. Firms engaged in exporting have the same positive performance characteristics - size, capital and skilled labour intensity, labour as well as total factor productivity, and wages - found in also in previous studies. But most exporter premia are significantly larger...

  4. International Diversification, Product Strategy, And Firm Value:Evidence From Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Donseung Choi; Eunho Cho

    2014-01-01

    Existing studies showed inconsistent results for the relationship between international diversification (ID) and firm value. Thus, we primarily examine whether each MNCs product strategy moderates the relationship between ID and firm value. The results show that MNCs product strategy moderates the relationship between ID and firm value as measured by Tobins Q. Specifically, a positive relationship exists between ID and firm value in the firm group pursuing a cost leadership strategy, whereas ...

  5. Analysis of Contracting Processes, Internal Controls, and Procurement Fraud Schemes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    awards ( Gayton , 2004). Lastly, the DoD, with the increased reliance on contractors during the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, has had numerous...2013). Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994, 10 U.S.C ch § 2323. (1994). Gayton , J. R. (2004, June). Procurement fraud cases (Master’s thesis

  6. Bridging firm-internal boundaries for innovation: Directed communication orientation and brokering roles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aalbers, H.L.; Dolfsma, W.A.

    2015-01-01

    Knowledge flowing across firm-internal (unit) boundaries is an essential contribution to an organization's innovative performance. Knowledge, unfortunately, does not cross firm-internal boundaries as a matter of course. The different contacts an individual maintains in a firm's instrumental-formal a

  7. Discriminatory public procurement policies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ssennoga, Francis

    2010-01-01

    To achieve social economic objectives, governments usually institute discriminatory practices in their country’s public procurement framework. Discriminatory procurement is the practice by governments to favour their own domestic suppliers over foreign firms for advertised contracts. Favouring domes

  8. International venturing by emerging economy firms: the effects of firm capabilities, home country networks, and corporate entrepreneurship

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Past literature on foreign direct investment generally supports an economics perspective that there is a direct relationship between firm-specific ownership advantages and international expansion. However, in emerging economies, with their institutional environment context characterized by low resource munificence and continuous economic liberalization, a theoretical extension of the current perspective is needed. This paper introduces new parameters by focusing on specific ownership advantag...

  9. International Trade with Firm Heterogeneity in Factor Shares

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Emami Namini (Julian)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThis paper presents a trade model with capital and labor as factors of production. The main contribution of this paper is that it considers a new type of firm heterogeneity, which is empirically relevant: firms in this paper differ with respect to their factor shares in production. There

  10. Upgrading to lead firm position via international acquisition: learning from the global biomass power plant industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ulrich Elmer; Fold, Niels; Hansen, Teis

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the case of a Chinese firm that has upgraded to lead firm position in the global biomass power plant industry mainly through acquisitions of technological frontier firms in Denmark. Sustaining the lead firm position was, however, challenged by difficulties in developing...... innovative capability. Drawing on the literature on (i) firm-level technological capability and (ii) knowledge transfer in international acquisitions, we explain the reasons for insufficient innovative capability building. Based on these empirical findings, we suggest maintaining the existing upgrading...

  11. The International Consortium for the Investigation of Renal Malignancies (I-ConFIRM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The International Consortium for the Investigation of Renal Malignancies (I-ConFIRM) was formed to promote international, multidisciplinary collaborations to advance our understanding of the etiology and outcomes of kidney cancer.

  12. International and Cultural Implications on Internationalization Analysis of Multinational Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José G. Vargas-Hernández

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper is aims to analyze some of the institutional and cultural implications on internationalization analysis of multinational firms. The analysis begins questioning what the main institutional and cultural variables are considered in the involvement of internationalization of multinational firms. To answer this question, a literature review types approach in areas like internationalization of multinational firms based on institutional and cultural frameworks is followed. Secondly, these institutional and cultural variables are analyzed to integrate findings. Finally, the paper argues the need to design a better institutional and cultural balance among the development of a glocal-regional transformation, convergence and governance.

  13. International vs. domestic technology in-licensing: How do Chinese firms build their technological capabilities?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Ying; Wang, Yuandi

    2011-01-01

    attention in the extant literature on both innovation management and international business. However, little has been done to reach a clear understanding on whether Chinese firms can benefit from international or domestic technology in-licensing and improve their own technological capabilities. This study......This paper investigates the different impacts of international and domestic technology in-licensing for Chinese firms as licensees on their technological capability building. The evolution of firms in developing countries and development of their technological capabilities has received increasing......, therefore, pursues this endeavor by using a unique dataset from China State of Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) containing information on large Chinese firms. The findings of this empirical study indicate that firms with international technology in-licensing possess stronger technological innovation...

  14. Innovation in an international third party logistics firm: A strategy-as-practice perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lianguang Cui

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Logistics firms play an important role in the economy but they have received little attention in strategic management and logistics management literature. This paper intends to fill in this gap by looking a specific strategising process, innovation, at an international third party logistics (TPL firm. Using strategy as a practice perspective, the paper describes and analyses how innovation emerges and evolves over time. Drawing on an in-depth longitudinal case study of an international TPL firm, this study shows that intra-organisational interactions as well as inter-organisational interactions are essential in the innovation process at logistics firms. The innovation process at logistics firms is complicated and includes both top-down and bottom-up processes. It is vertically decoupled and multidirectional. Innovation at logistics firms emerges as a combination of an ad hoc response to a customer request and a purpose-driven interactive process.

  15. International vs. domestic technology in-licensing: How do Chinese firms build their technological capabilities?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Ying; Wang, Yuandi

    2011-01-01

    attention in the extant literature on both innovation management and international business. However, little has been done to reach a clear understanding on whether Chinese firms can benefit from international or domestic technology in-licensing and improve their own technological capabilities. This study......, therefore, pursues this endeavor by using a unique dataset from China State of Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) containing information on large Chinese firms. The findings of this empirical study indicate that firms with international technology in-licensing possess stronger technological innovation...

  16. An Analysis of Internal Controls and Procurement Fraud Deterrence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xvii LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ACFE Association of Certified Fraud Examiners AGO Auditor -General’s Office ASB...Internal Auditors and the Institute of Management Accountants. COSO’s mission is to provide “thought leadership through the development of...complementary bidding, bid rotation , market division and subcontracting, which are 35 described in the following paragraphs (ACFE, 2013; Office of the

  17. Coping with the Crisis: Recent Evolution in Danish Firms' International Trade Involvement, 2000-2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abreha, Kaleb Girma; Smeets, Valerie Anne Rolande; Warzynski, Frederic Michel Patrick

    of products exported and markets served) and scale of exporting activities; considerable dominance of multi-product and multi-destination firms; existence of carry-along trade; the prevalence of core and peripheral products in exports; a small role of economy-wide entry and exit of firms and products......Using a highly disaggregated firm-product-destination level data from Denmark, we document salient features of Danish international production in the recent decade. These include systematic variation in export participation of firms across industries; positive correlation between the scope (number......, and a sizable role of firm-level adding and dropping of products and product-destination combinations as a margin of trade adjustment. Finally, we show that firms responded to the latest economic shock mainly by adjusting the scale of exports and imports. At the same time, changing their products and product...

  18. An Analysis of Viable Financial Negotiations Processes and Related Internal Controls for Procurement in Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    monitoring activities conducted by the internal auditors , monitoring can be outsourced to 54 external auditors per the nature of the organization’s...with clear segregation of duties must be formed with job rotation to counter any opportunity for fraud. - Use of relevant information needs to be...be done. - Procurement teams with clear segregation of duties needs to be formed with job rotation to counter any opportunity for fraud. The

  19. 75 FR 66797 - PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (“PwC”) Internal Firm Services Client Account Administrators Group...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-29

    ... Employment and Training Administration PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (``PwC'') Internal Firm Services Client... read PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (``PwC''), Internal Firm Services Client Account Administrators Group... PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (``PwC''), Internal Firm Services Client Account Administrators Group. The amended...

  20. TRANSFER OF MARKETING KNOWLEDGE IN THAI INTERNATIONAL JOINT VENTURE FIRMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Mohamad

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this study is the transfer of marketing knowledge within Thai joint venture firms. The perspectives of Thai managers were surveyed using a structured instrument. The analysis identifies seven dimensions of marketing management knowledge: promotion management, price management, logistics management, product innovation management, strategic marketing management, cross-cultural management, and target marketing management. The incidence of transfer is highest for activities in strategic marketing management, followed by price management. Transfer in product innovation management and target marketing management tends to vary with the age of the joint venture. Joint venture firms with foreign partners originating from Western, advanced, industrialised nations recorded the highest incidence of knowledge transfer occurring within product innovation management. This trend also holds true for the management of promotion activities. The incidence of transfer in target marketing management is lowest among firms with foreign partners from neighbouring nations. The incidence of knowledge transfer within product innovation and target marketing also tends to vary with the age of the joint venture. An analysis based on industry classification revealed that the transfer of knowledge regarding logistics management occurs most for firms in the manufacturing sector. In the service sector, the highest incidence of knowledge transfer within the areas of promotion management and target marketing management occurred in the agricultural sector.

  1. Procurement process in a manufacturing company in international environment

    OpenAIRE

    Skála, Ondřej

    2008-01-01

    The diploma thesis deals with procurement process and ensuring of sources in a manufacturing company. The thesis is split into two parts. The first theoretical one deals with importance of procurement in creating economic value in a company, defines procurement, its goals and factors influencing it, describes procurement process, i.e. strategic sourcing, operational purchasing, procurement controlling, supplier relationship management, and procurement process support by IS/ICT. The second pra...

  2. The Effect of Globalization in an Endogenous Growth Model with Heterogeneous Firms and Endogenous International Spillovers: Note

    OpenAIRE

    Katsufumi Fukuda

    2013-01-01

    This paper shows that globalization increases (decreases) the growth rate if and only if the beachhead cost for the domestic market is strictly higher (lower) than that for the foreign market in a endogenous growth model with firm heterogeneity, international trade, and endogenous international spillover under specified necessary and sufficient conditions for exporting firms being more productive than non-exporting firms.

  3. Estimating productivity with multi-product firms, pricing heterogeneity and the role of international trade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smeets, Valerie Anne Rolande; Warzynski, Frederic Michel Patrick

    In this paper, we analyze the relationship between exports, imports and firm productivity. We use a rich product-firm-level dataset providing both revenue and quantities of all products for a large panel of Danish manufacturing firms over the period 1998-2008 and link it to firms’ international...... trade transactions by product. We use our detailed product level information to compute a firm level deflator and avoid the criticism of biased estimates due to the use of industry level deflator. We find that both importing and exporting behaviours are strongly associated with productivity, but firms...... and the destination of exports. We find that both imports from countries with abundant and cheap labor like China and from countries with similar level of development matter, although the mechanism through which productivity is affected is likely to be different. In addition, exporting to more distant OECD economies...

  4. Distribution system choice in a service industry: An analysis of international insurance firms operating in the United States

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Parente, R.; Choi, B.P.; Slangen, A.H.L.; Ketkar, S.

    2010-01-01

    Service firms play an increasingly important role in the global economy. However, the internationalization strategies of such firms, and especially their distribution system choices, have been underexplored in the international management literature. One specific service industry that has internatio

  5. Distribution system choice in a service industry: An analysis of international insurance firms operating in the United States

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Parente, R.; Choi, B.P.; Slangen, A.H.L.; Ketkar, S.

    2010-01-01

    Service firms play an increasingly important role in the global economy. However, the internationalization strategies of such firms, and especially their distribution system choices, have been underexplored in the international management literature. One specific service industry that has internatio

  6. How Do Firms Comply with International Sustainability Standards?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vigneau, Laurence; Humphreys, Michael; Moon, Jeremy

    2015-01-01

    the processes and consequences of the translation of the GRI within the organization. We show that substantive standard adoption can lead to unintended consequences on CSR management practices; specifically it can influence the management structure and CSR committee function; the choice of CSR activities......) on a multinational corporation’s corporate social responsibility (CSR) management practices. We investigate standard compliance by comparing the stated intention of the use of the GRI with its actual use and the consequent effects within the firm. Based on an in-depth case study, our findings illustrate......, the relationships between subsidiaries, the temporal dimension of CSR management and the interpretation of CSR performance. We also highlight the need to look at the relationship dynamics (or lack of) between standards. Finally, we illustrate and discuss the role of reporting and its influence on management...

  7. Modeling, Empirics and Policy Implications of Firm Heterogeneity in International Trade

    OpenAIRE

    Akgul, Zeynep

    2015-01-01

    Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) models are essential computational tools for trade policy analysis. While traditional CGE models based on the Armington assumption of national product differentiation have been successfully applied to various policy scenarios, they also have significant limitations in explaining the firm-level information prevalent in the recent international trade literature. The pioneering work of Melitz (2003) has provided a firm heterogeneity theory that can help addre...

  8. Family involvement, internal control and agency costs – Evidences from China's listed family firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Wangfeng

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the agency costs of 314 family firms listed on Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchange in China. The results show that agency costs of family firms increase significantly with the enhancement of family's ownership and the separation of ownership and control, while family involvement in management can reduce the agency costs. By including the variable proxying internal control and the interaction term between internal control and family involvement in the empirical model, we still find that the effects of family involvement on agency costs are contingent on the quality of internal control.

  9. The Role of Internal Capabilities and Firms' Environment for Sustainable Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ihsen, Ketata; Sofka, Wolfgang; Grimpe, Christoph

    2015-01-01

    Over the past decade, sustainable innovation has occupied a top-ranking position on the agenda of many firms. Sustainable innovation can be broadly defined as an innovation that has to consider environmental and social issues as well as the needs of future generations. Although sustainable...... innovation provides considerable new opportunities for companies it goes along with an increased complexity. This in turn requires certain organizational routines and capabilities to deal with the upcoming challenges. We explore what the specific driving forces are that increase the degree of sustainable...... innovation within a firm's innovation activities. We test them empirically for more than 1,100 firms in Germany and find that firms need to invest in internal absorptive capacities and to draw both broadly and deeply from external sources for innovation. In that sense, investments in employee training turn...

  10. Impact of Internal Factors on Information Technology Adoption: An Empirical Investigation of Chinese Firms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Chunming; ZHAO Jing; XIA Liang; ZHU Zhen

    2008-01-01

    Organizations differ significantly in their inclination to deploy information technology (IT). The factors that determine the organizational inclination to deploy IT need to be classified to help firms formulate an appropriate e-strategy. This paper discusses a framework that explains the influence of internal factors on IT adoption. The framework is based on quantitative data on IT adoption from 95 firms in China. The results highlight that the internal factors of leadership, organizational learning, and IT resources positively impact IT adoption. The study also shows that these factors are correlated.

  11. International operations and location decisions: A firm-level approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijboom, Bert; Voordijk, Johannes T.

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to acquire a better understanding of why certain production and distribution facilities remain in Western Europe, in spite of economic globalisation. This paper focuses on companies located in the Netherlands but acting on an international scale. The issue is not

  12. INTERNATIONAL BEHAVIOUR AND PERFORMANCE BASED ROMANIAN ENTREPRENEURIAL AND TRADITIONAL FIRM CLUSTERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FEDER Emoke - Szidonia

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The micro, small and medium-sized firms (SMEs present a key interest at European level due to their potential positive influence on regional, national and firm level competitiveness. At a certain moment in time, internationalisation became an expected and even unavoidable strategy in firms’ future development, growth and evolution. From theoretical perspective, an integrative complementarily approach is adopted concerning the dominant paradigm of stage models from incremental internationalisation theory and the emergent paradigm of international entrepreneurship theory. Several researcher calls for empirical testing of different theoretical frameworks and international firms. Therefore, the first aim of the quantitative study is to empirically prove, the existence of various internationalisation behaviour configuration based clusters, like sporadic and traditional international firms, born-again global and born global firms, within the framework of Romanian SMEs. Secondly, within the research framework the study propose to assess different distinguishing internationalisation behavioural characteristics and patterns for the delimited clusters, in terms of foreign market scope, internationalisation pace and rhythm, initial and current entry modes, international product portfolio and commitment. Thirdly, internationalisation cluster membership and patterns differential influence and contribution is analysed on firm level international business performance, as internationalisation degree, financial and marketing measures. The framework was tested on a transversal sample consisting of 140 Romanian internationalised SMEs. Findings are especially useful for entrepreneurs and SME managers presenting various decisional possibilities and options on internationalisation behaviours and performance. These emphasize the importance of internationalisation scope, pace, object and opportunity seeking, along with positive influence on performance, indifferent

  13. De-internationalization of small high technology firms: An international entrepreneurship perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.

    This study explores the process of de-internationalisation in small high-technology firms. The key research questions are how and why these firms de-internationalise. Being positioned at the intersection of entrepreneurship and international business research paths, the study expressly investigates...... whether de-internationalisation could be viewed as (i) an entrepreneurial activity; and/or (ii) an integral part of a small high-technology firms’ growth process. Driven by the nature of the research questions, a multiple-case study methodology was adopted for the purpose of theory building. Five firms...... by reduction was employed extensively to advance middle-range theories. The study contributes to (i) international business research by developing a process model of de-internationalisation and defining its constructs; (ii) entrepreneurship research by redefining the entrepreneurial orientation construct...

  14. Procurement of goods and services by international organisations in donor countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Carbonnier

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the procurement of goods and services by multilateral organisations from suppliers, based on a panel data including industrialised countries and emerging economies over 11 years. It presents the results of an empirical study – the first of its kind – on the explanatory factors of variations between countries, which are mainly attributable to such factors as the strength of the manufacturing sector and business ties established in the past. The results seem to indicate that the contributions paid by donor countries may have a positive influence on the procurement of goods and services, despite the fact that multilateral organisations purchase goods and services through international tendering procedures. Geographical proximity, cultural and linguistic affinities and the presence of the headquarters of a multilateral organisation in the country also play a positive role. The purchase of goods and services by multilateral agencies may be considered as an indirect effect of official development assistance (ODA. With many donor countries facing serious economic and budgetary constraints, documentation of the “return on investment” may serve as a means of encouraging policymakers to increase – or at least to not reduce – ODA budgets, including for multilateral agencies. Such arguments must nevertheless remain marginal with respect to the key debates on aid effectiveness and on on the performance of multilateral organisations.

  15. Entry Location and Entry Timing (ELET Decision Model for International Construction Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Che Maznah Mat Isa

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a model for entry location (EL and entry timing (ET decisions to guide construction firms in accessing targeted international markets.  Neglecting to properly choose the right combination of the entry location and entry timing (ELET decisions can lead to poor performance of the firms’ international ventures.  The sampling frame was from the Malaysian construction firms that have undertaken and completed projects abroad.  Survey questionnaires sent to 115 firms registered with Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB Malaysia, operating in more than 50 countries, achieved a 39.1 per cent response rate. Based on a comprehensive statistical analysis of survey data it was found that the mutually inclusive significant factors that influenced the firms’ ELET decisions were: the firm’s ability to assess market signals and opportunities, international experience, financial capacity, competencies and capabilities (project management, specialist expertise and technology, resources (level of knowledge based on research and development, experience in similar works, financial support from the home country banks, technical complexities of projects and availability of funds for projects.  Hence, the present research builds on and extends the literature on the ELET decisions in a more integrated way. Keywords: Entry location, entry timing, resource-based view, international markets, Malaysian construction firms.

  16. Working abroad, working with others: How firms learn to operate international joint ventures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.G. Barkema (Harry); O. Shenkar (Oded); G.A.M. Vermeulen (Freek); J.H.J. Bell (John)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractSuccessful international joint ventures entail both learning to operate across national boundaries and learning to cooperate. Hypotheses grounded in organizational learning theory were tested with event-history analysis and data on 1,493 expansions of 25 large Dutch firms between 1966 an

  17. How to Build an Export Business. An International Marketing Guide for the Minority-Owned Firm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyner, Nelson T., Jr.; Lurie, Richard G.

    Designed to aid minority firms who are inexperienced in the export market, this handbook provides a step-by-step guide to the development of an export business, describing what to do, how to do it, and where to find more information on specific international marketing help. Starting with the easiest opportunities that do not require any…

  18. 14 CFR 1274.507 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procurement records. 1274.507 Section 1274.507 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Procurement Standards § 1274.507 Procurement records. Procurement records and files...

  19. Monopolistic Competition, International Trade and Firm Heterogeneity - a Life Cycle Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Hansen, Jørgen Drud; Kvedaras, Virmantas

    This paper presents a dynamic international trade model based on monopolistic competition, where observed intra-industry differences at a given point in time reflect different stages of the firm's life cycle. New product varieties of still higher quality enter the market every period rendering old...... varieties obsolescent in a process of creative destruction. For given technology (variety) production costs decrease after an infant period due to learning. It is shown that several patterns of exports may arise depending primarily on the size of fixed trade costs. At a given point in time firms therefore...

  20. Shocks Abroad, Pain at Home? Bank-firm Level Evidence on the International Transmission of Financial Shocks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ongena, S.; Peydro, J.L.; van Horen, N.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: We study the international transmission of shocks from the banking to the real sector during the global financial crisis. For identification, we use matched bank-firm level data, including many small and medium-sized firms, in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. We find that internationally-b

  1. INTERNAL FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS, EXTERNAL FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS AND INVESTMENT CHOICE: EVIDENCE FROM PAKISTANI FIRMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Muhammad AZAM

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of internal and external financial constraints on investmentchoice. The data have been taken from 9 major sectors (52 listed firms in the Karachi Stock Exchange namely; Pharmaceutical & Bio Technology, Textile, Sugar, Tobacco, Chemicals, Oil and Gas, Fixed line Telecommunication, Industrial metal and Mining, and Cement sectors for the time period 2004 to 2010 on annual basis. Multiple regression analysis has been done to examine the relationship among firm’s size, dividend payout ratio, firm’s age, and investment. The empirical findings show that there is positive relationship between the firms’ size and investment while a negative relationship exists between firms’ age and investment. It also reports that there is negative relationship between dividend payout ratio and the investment. This shows that if a firm grows old or high dividend payout ratio then it will tend to spend less for expansion as compared to the young firms.

  2. Challenges facing procurement professionals in developing economies: Unlocking value through professional international purchasing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Tukuta

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Until recently, procurement was seen as a necessity only. In fact, in many developing economies the profession is still being treated as a ‘back-office’ function. However, not much has been done to explore and address challenges facing procurement professionals in developing economies.Objectives: The purpose of this article was to examine the critical role played by the procurement function in business and to reveal the challenges faced by procurement professionals in developing economies as well as to suggest solutions to these challenges.Method: A sequential literary analysis was used, complemented by cross-country qualitative data gathered from one hundred diverse procurement practitioners from Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe. These were primarily participants in a series of procurement workshops run by the researchers from January to June 2014.Results: Findings suggested that limited recognition, increasing unethical behaviour, poor supplier service delivery, poor regulatory environment, varying supplier standards and poor corporate governance are the main challenges faced by the procurement profession in these countries.Conclusion: The study’s findings imply that there is limited understanding regarding the role procurement plays in both government and non-government institutions in developing economies. The article suggests solutions which procurement professionals and organisations can implement in order to unlock the potential value in the procurement function.

  3. Locational and Internal Sources of Firm Competitive Advantage : Applying Porter’s Diamond Model at the Firm Level

    OpenAIRE

    Eickelpasch, Alexander; Lejpras, Anna; Stephan, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    This paper employs Porter’s diamond model to examine the relationships between a firm’s locational environment, its innovation capabilities, and competitive advantage assessed in terms of various performance indicators. This study implements a structural equation model that is estimated with the partial least squares (PLS) approach using a sample of 2,345 East German firms. This investigation shows that a high frequency of cooperation spurs firm innovativeness and performance, but that a stro...

  4. THE ROLE OF INTERPERSONAL AND FIRM FACTORS IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RELATIONSHIPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farid Ahmed

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Managers have long known intuitively that relationships are important to business. In certain cultures, such as in the East, the emphasis on relationships may typically be more explicit, but a good salesperson knows that building trust and commitment with buyers are essential for long-term success. The role of interpersonal and firm factors on international business relationships are tested with data from 125 pairs of exporter-importer relationships. Drawing from relational exchange theory, personal (such as effective communication, cultural sensitivity and likability of partner and firm (such as reputation and competencies of partner factors are modeled as determinants of commitment and trust in such relationships. The findings support the overall model, highlighting the importance of interpersonal and firm factors to international business relationships. This research highlights the importance of personal and organisational factors that are linked to building trust and commitment. In particular, building, protecting and communicating a positive reputation, and ensuring strong marketing competencies, are important for building contractual and competence trust. The study highlights the importance of interpersonal factors and thus the need to have appropriate personnel involved in the developing and maintaining international business relationships.

  5. Firms' contribution to the internal and external employability of older employees: evidence from Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tisch, Anita

    2015-03-01

    In the examination of older employees' employability, one can distinguish between internal and external employability. Internal employability can be measured by individual employment stability, and external employability occurs when employees replace one employment relationship with another. Most studies focus on the personal skills and characteristics that are necessary to maintain employability. However, external factors also contribute to individual employability. Therefore, this study examines which organisational attributes of firms contribute to older employees' employability in Germany. Taking firm and individual characteristics into account, the results of discrete-time survival models show that in specific organisational structures, older employees have higher internal employability. Accordingly, older employees are more likely to maintain employment in the service sector and in recruiting organisations facing (skilled) labour shortages. However, the results also indicate that financially investing organisations facilitate early labour market exits. With regard to older employees' external employability, the results show only little evidence indicating an association between organisational attributes of firms and the likelihood of job change.

  6. Evolving Procurement Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bals, Lydia; Laiho, Aki; Laine, Jari

    in future studies in the fields of hybrid procurement organizations, global sourcing organizations as well as international procurement offices (IPOs). From a practical standpoint, an assessment of external and internal contingencies provides the opportunity to consciously match organization to its...... operating environment and internal demands, and also reassess this “fit” from time to time in order to deliberately detect need for change....

  7. The Impact of Internal and External Resources, and Strategic Actions in Business Networks on Firm Performance in the Software Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anggraeni, E.

    2014-01-01

    Understanding the variance in firm performance has been an important topic in the strategic management literature. In the last two decades it has become particularly interesting as business networks increasingly have become an integrated part of a firm's environment. Besides the internal resources,

  8. The Impact of Internal and External Resources, and Strategic Actions in Business Networks on Firm Performance in the Software Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anggraeni, E.

    2014-01-01

    Understanding the variance in firm performance has been an important topic in the strategic management literature. In the last two decades it has become particularly interesting as business networks increasingly have become an integrated part of a firm's environment. Besides the internal resources,

  9. Shocks Abroad, Pain at Home? Bank-firm Level Evidence on the International Transmission of Financial Shocks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ongena, S.; Peydro, J.L.; van Horen, N.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: We study the international transmission of shocks from the banking to the real sector during the global financial crisis. For identification, we use matched bank-firm level data, including many small and medium-sized firms, in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. We find that

  10. The role of CSR engagement in the Internal Brand Building process : An exploratory study of Service firms

    OpenAIRE

    Emmanuel, Chidiebere; Eriksson, Eva

    2016-01-01

    This study explores how service firms incorporate CSR activities within the internal brand building process. It was found that CSR does influence and is implemented in every stage of our theoretical framework of the internal brand building process. The study was based on interviews conducted on managers and employees of service firms in the Netherlands and in Sweden.  CSR is an evolving concept, increasingly becoming important in affecting the consumption decisions of service firm’s customers...

  11. Firms' degree of born-globalness, international entrepreneurial orientation and export performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Servais, Per; Kuivalainen, Olli; Sundqvist, Sanna

    2007-01-01

    . This article begins with a review of the existing literature on born-globals, and subsequently explores the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and two different born-global strategies, namely true born-global and apparently born-global (born-international), and the effectiveness of these two...... born-global pathways. The results of our empirical study on 185 Finnish exporting firms show that those that qualified as true born-globals had better export performance. Furthermore, depending on the degree of born-globalness, different dimensions of EO were of importance....

  12. Performance of the internal audit department under ERP systems: empirical evidence from Taiwanese firms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Wen-Hsien; Chen, Hui-Chiao; Chang, Jui-Chu; Leu, Jun-Der; Chao Chen, Der; Purbokusumo, Yuyun

    2015-10-01

    In this study, the performance of the internal audit department (IAD) and its contribution to a company under enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems was examined. It is anticipated that this will provide insight into the factors perceived to be crucial to a company's effectiveness. A theoretical framework was developed and tested using the sample of Taiwanese companies. Using mail survey procedures, we elicited perceptions from key internal auditors about the ERP system and auditing software, as well as their opinions concerning the IAD's effectiveness and its contribution within a company. Data were analysed using the partial least square (PLS) regression to test the hypotheses. Drawing upon a sample of Taiwanese firms, the study suggests that a firm can improve the performance of the IAD through an enterprise-wide integrated, effective ERP system and appropriate auditing software. At the same time, the performance of the IAD can also contribute significantly to the company. The results also show that investments in computer-assisted auditing techniques (CAATs) are crucial due to their tremendous effectiveness in regard to the performance of the IAD and for the contributions CAATs can make to a company.

  13. The Impact of Internal and External Resources, and Strategic Actions in Business Networks on Firm Performance in the Software Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Anggraeni, E.

    2014-01-01

    Understanding the variance in firm performance has been an important topic in the strategic management literature. In the last two decades it has become particularly interesting as business networks increasingly have become an integrated part of a firm's environment. Besides the internal resources, the less-controlled external resources in the firm’s business networks to affect its performance too. The uncertainty associated with the lower levels of control over external resources implies tha...

  14. The Impact of Internal and External Resources, and Strategic Actions in Business Networks on Firm Performance in the Software Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Anggraeni, E.

    2014-01-01

    Understanding the variance in firm performance has been an important topic in the strategic management literature. In the last two decades it has become particularly interesting as business networks increasingly have become an integrated part of a firm's environment. Besides the internal resources, the less-controlled external resources in the firm’s business networks to affect its performance too. The uncertainty associated with the lower levels of control over external resources implies tha...

  15. De-internationalization of small high technology firms: An international entrepreneurship perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.

    whether de-internationalisation could be viewed as (i) an entrepreneurial activity; and/or (ii) an integral part of a small high-technology firms’ growth process. Driven by the nature of the research questions, a multiple-case study methodology was adopted for the purpose of theory building. Five firms...... were selected and located on the basis of theoretical and snow-ball sampling strategies. To explore companies’ critical events and episodes, the method of critical incident technique was employed. In total, 24 semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with company directors...... by reduction was employed extensively to advance middle-range theories. The study contributes to (i) international business research by developing a process model of de-internationalisation and defining its constructs; (ii) entrepreneurship research by redefining the entrepreneurial orientation construct...

  16. International Investment Location Decisions: The Case of Korean firms into China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongshik Lee

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent literature maintains there are at least two explanations for the motivations of FDI, one involving trade barriers (horizontal-FDI and the other factor proportions hypothesis (vertical-FDI. The first view is that multinationals act in order to overcome trade barrier, and the second view is that multinationals arise to take advantage of international factor price differences. The purpose of this paper is to study the motivations of Korean foreign direct investment in China. Using the panel data on Korean FDI in China for the years 1988~2002, we examined the geographic determinants of direct investment in China from Korean firms. In doing so, we investigated, on the one hand, to what extent multinational activity is consistent with the factor proportions theory, i.e., to what extent multinational activity is related to cheap factor supplies. On the other hand, we study the market access motivation for multinational activity. Our econometric results suggest that factor proportions hypothesis is indeed the dominant influence on investor calculations for the early period of Korean FDI in China. Since end of 1990s, however, market-seeking FDI pattern is more common than FDI motivated by factor price differentials. We also find that the hypothesis that good-quality infrastructure is conducive to attracting FDI is not supported for Korean firms. Evidence supports the claim that regions with high degree of reform, which implement preferential treatments to foreign investors, still have advantage over other regions in attracting FDI. In sum, the findings in this paper indicate that Korean FDI for the early period of KorRecent literature maintains there are at least two explanations for the motivations of FDI, one involving trade barriers (horizontal-FDI and the other factor proportions hypothesis (vertical-FDI. The first view is that multinationals act in order to overcome trade barrier, and the second view is that multinationals arise to take

  17. Planning urban megaprojects in the Gulf: The international consultancy firms in urban planning between global and contingent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oula Aoun

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Driven by globalization and market openings, many architecture and engineering firms have become global. By focusing on the urban megaprojects in the Gulf, a particular cultural and political context, this paper argues that such firms have a major role in the rapid urban transformation of Gulf countries and act as transfer agents of an international knowledge in the urban planning domain. However, the transfer is adapted by several context-related characteristics, such as local governance, urban knowledge, and regulatory framework. This paper explores the procedural adaptation of these firms to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC in terms of internal structure, methodology, adopted tools, and interaction with the context. The level of learning that results from this transfer is also investigated.

  18. Building Procurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Niclas

    2007-01-01

    ‘The procurement of construction work is complex, and a successful outcome frequently elusive’. With this opening phrase of the book, the authors take on the challenging job of explaining the complexity of building procurement. Even though building procurement systems are, and will remain, comple...

  19. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS ON TRADITIONAL PROCUREMENT AND E-PROCUREMENT STRATEGY OF SUPPLY CHAIN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guangshu CHANG; Jichao XU; Jianfeng YANG; Jinfeng HE; Li ZHANG

    2005-01-01

    With increasingly intense competition between enterprises, the realization of advanced supply chain management has become an exquisite premise for the survival of firms. Procurement management is an important means to reduce costs and to enhance the competitive advantage. By exploiting the single period newsvendor model, this paper analyses and compares the benefit mechanisms of e-procurement and traditional procurement to quantify the effect of the Internet on supply chain procurement management in a neutral e-market.

  20. 29 CFR 95.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Procurement records. 95.46 Section 95.46 Labor Office of the... JURISDICTION OF FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS, AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 95.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of...

  1. Looking inside a conglomerate: Efficiency of internal capital allocation and managerial power within a firm

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Glaser, M.; Lopez-de-Silanes, F.; Sautner, Z.

    2008-01-01

    Does more bargaining power of managers inside a firm lead to larger allocations of capital? To tackle this question, we use unique and proprietary panel data on planned and realized capital allocations inside a very large conglomerate. The firm operates worldwide, is headquartered in Europe and has

  2. ICT, Complementary Firm Strategies and Firm Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Rasel, Fabienne

    2016-01-01

    This doctoral thesis analyses from different perspectives the relationship between information and communication technologies (ICT), complementary firm strategies and firm performance. One chapter examines the role of ICT and decentralized workplace organization for productivity. Two chapters analyse the association between firms' ICT use, international trade activities and productivity. The empirical analyses are based on data from firms located in Germany from the manufacturing or service s...

  3. On the Internal Control of Procurement Business for Construction Enterprise%浅谈施工企业采购业务的内部控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郜飙

    2014-01-01

    This paper expounds the design principle that the construction enterprise procurement shall follow, and combined with the characteristics of the procurement business, effective ways to strengthen internal control are discussed respectively from the aspects of system construction, business process control and so on.%本文阐述施工企业采购业务须遵循的设计原则,结合采购业务的特点,分别从制度建设、业务流程控制等方面探讨加强内部控制的有效途径。

  4. Leveraging the International Context : Essays on Building Offshoring Capabilities and Enhancing Firm Innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Mihalache (Mashiho)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstractAbstract The increased globalization of the last decades created a business environment in which firms are exposed to foreign competition but also to important foreign opportunities. However, while many opportunities exist abroad, capitalizing on these opportunities is not

  5. Creativity in action: elegantly simple idea puts firm on international pipeline map

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Podlubny, J.

    2002-05-06

    A saddle bag-like device, a relatively simple invention to carry weights to hold pipelines stable in wet environments, has catapulted a small Athabasca, Alberta, company to international prominence. The saddle bag is made of 100 per cent non-biodegradable material called geotextile, commonly referred to as road matting. The bags have a life expectancy of 100 years or more, easily outlasting the pipe they protect from shifting. Weighting systems are used on pipelines to achieve the negative buoyancy required to prevent them from floating out of wet ground. They are essential in wide swats of the northern areas where the oil and gas industry operates. The saddle bags replace the traditional concrete weights which have been either bolted down or set on top of the pipe. They were bulky and hard to transport, as well as difficult to place on the pipe. In contrast, the saddle bags are easy to transport and easy to install. Indeed, the production process is portable, so that the weighted saddle bags can be made at the site of the pipeline construction job involved. This makes it easier to do pipeline weighting jobs in cold weather, at remote locations or in spots where considerable travel time is involved in completing projects. Saddle Tech has recently joined forces with the giant in the weighting system world from the United States, CRC-Evans. The U.S. firm is marketing the bags under a trademarked name 'the saddle bag'. The product being used on projects in California, as well as on almost 90 per cent of wetlands pipeline work in Alberta and British Columbia. Production was 17,000 bags in the first year of operation. So far this season, more than 40,000 bags have been made and distributed throughout North America. Plans are afoot to expand and convert the production facility to an automated operation, running 24 hours a day.

  6. What makes Chinese firms to choose international external technology sources? An inquiry on internationalization, innovation and institutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li-Ying, Jason; Wang, Yuandi

    2013-01-01

    our understanding of EMF competitiveness by adding a crucial link of EMFs strategic choice regarding the origin of technology sourcing from different origins and exploring the determinants for such a choice through the lens of internationalization, innovation and institutions (3 I’s) within a coherent......External technology sourcing from developed countries has been one of the most important vehicles by which emerging market firms (EMFs) sustain competiveness. Foreign advanced technologies offer EMFs opportunities to gain access to state-of-the-art technologies and upgrade their competitiveness....... However, we have also witnessed an emerging trend of external acquisition of technology by EMFs firms in both international and domestic markets. Why some EMFs are active in sourcing both domestic and international technologies instead of being significantly in favour of foreign technologies from...

  7. A comparative study of internal customer management practices within service sector firms and the National Health Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaston, I

    1994-02-01

    In responding to the UK government's market forces model, some National Health Service (NHS) managers have introduced private sector concepts such as 'customer care' and 'total quality management' (TQM). Private sector firms find that success of these techniques is dependent upon creating an internal marketing orientation across the entire organization. To determine how internal marketing is being applied, a comparative survey of UK service sector firms and NHS units was undertaken using a modified version of Parasuraman's SERVQUAL model. All respondents indicated existence of type 1, 2, 3 and 4 gaps in the internal customer management process within their organizations. Major influencers of service gaps include departments placing internal efficiency ahead of internal customers and insufficient understanding of internal customer requirements. The survey indicated that, in certain areas of managing service quality, the NHS is performing better than its private sector counterparts. Nevertheless, opportunity for enhancing service quality in the NHS is possible through improving the flow of information between departments, stronger orientation towards meeting customer needs, upgrading provision systems and changing intradepartmental culture. The constraint facing the NHS manager is the limited availability of resources. One solution is to allocate resources in relation to service priorities. A directional planning matrix is presented as a tool for developing an optimum internal customer management strategy within an NHS unit.

  8. Binding Procurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Gopalakrishna M.; Vaidyanathan, Hari

    2007-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the use of the binding procurement process in purchasing Aerospace Flight Battery Systems. NASA Engineering and Safety Center (NESC) requested NASA Aerospace Flight Battery Systems Working Group to develop a set of guideline requirements document for Binding Procurement Contracts.

  9. The International Cooperation and Partnership, Keystones for Engineering and Procurement for Cernavoda NPP Unit 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stiopol, Mihaela; Vatamanu, Mariana; Bucur, Cristina [Nuclearelectrica SA, 65 Polona Street, 010494 Bucharest (Romania)

    2008-07-01

    these objectives equally contributed, proving the professionalism and self-denial of all those involved. The second Unit into operation represents a great leap, with positive effects on the program of national grid stability and with an important contribution for safety assurance on procurement of energy resources for Romania and European Union itself. The Romanian Society is facing now, with optimism, a new challenge: the completion of Cernavoda NPP Units 3 and 4. The Romanian national company that operates Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2 and the Nuclear Fuel Plant in Pitesti is SN Nuclearelectrica SA (SNN SA). Its mission is to generate electricity and thermal power using nuclear technology, to develop nuclear power and to manufacture nuclear fuel, ensuring high safety, economic efficiency and taking care of people and environment. The first nuclear unit in Romania began its commercial operation in 1996 and the second one was inaugurated in October 2007. Both of the Cernavoda units covered in 2007 about 13% of the electricity needs of the country. For the current year, is expected to increase the nuclear share to about 18%, reducing accordingly the Carbon emissions. The two operating units use Candu technology (Canadian Deuterium Uranium) and operate with natural uranium fuel mined and processed in our country and heavy water - as moderator and cooling agent - also manufactured in Romania. The company successfully completed the year 2007 in the forth position in the top of heavy water nuclear reactors world wide and is perceived as a trustworthy business partner in Romania and abroad. A record production of 6,961,161 MWe was achieved in 2007 at an average capacity factor of 95,5%. SNN SA is also an active actor on the Romanian electricity market, delivering 2.282.619 MWe in transactions in 2007. The results are due to an organizational effectiveness, performance improvement, operational, work management, engineering, maintenance as well as radiation

  10. Public Procurement Incentives for Sustainable Design Services: Swedish Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josefin Sporrong

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available When procuring building design services, public clients may provide incentives for the development of design tools and management practices that lead to more sustainable buildings. Procedures for selecting design professionals, including the choice of contract award criteria, can be analysed as the outcome of external and internal factors that influence procuring units. This investigation studies how the selection procedures that Swedish municipal clients rely on when procuring services from architectural and engineering consultants provide incentives for environmentally sustainable design management. Questionnaire responses from 93 Swedish municipalities show that a minority include sustainability-related criteria in tender assessments. Environmental management systems were a criterion for 30% of the respondents, while only 11% regularly used life cycle cost as a criterion. More than half of all municipalities were reported to have a general policy for services procurement, and these policies usually include environmental sustainability. However, these policies are not always followed when procuring construction-related services. Smaller municipalities are less likely to have a general policy. Consequently, incentive effects for design service firms are probably weak. Better skills and provider-selection methods among clients are needed for rewarding sustainable design practices more strongly. DOI: 10.3763/aedm.2009.0903 Published in the Journal AEDM Volume 5, Number 1, 2009 , pp. 24-35(12

  11. Revisions of international firms' energy reserves and the reaction of the stock market

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholtens, Bert; Wagenaar, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Energy companies can adjust the estimation of their reserves. We investigate how these revisions impact on the value of these firms. We analyze 100 revisions in seventeen countries for the period 2000-2010. We use an event study and find that the revisions of energy reserves significantly impact on

  12. International collaboration and partnering in the supply chain as business opportunities for architectural firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos-de Vos, M.; Lieftink, B.; Volker, L.; Wamelink, J.W.F.

    2014-01-01

    Due to a shift towards market driven concepts, a risk allocation from the demand side to the supply side and the increasing competition with other skilled actors in the value chain, architectural firms have to adapt quickly to stay competitive. They need to innovate not only their products and servi

  13. Information Processing and Firm-Internal Environment Contingencies: Performance Impact on Global New Product Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleinschmidt, Elko; de Brentani, Ulrike; Salomo, Søren

    2010-01-01

    Innovation in its essence is an information processing activity. Thus, a major factor impacting the success of new product development (NPD) programs, especially those responding to global markets, is the firm's ability to access, share and apply NPD information, which is often widely dispersed...

  14. Monopolistic Competition, International Trade and Firm Heterogeneity - a Life Cycle Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Jørgen Drud; Kvedaras, Virmantas; Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller

    varieties obsolescent in a process of creative destruction. For given technology (variety) production costs decrease after an infant period due to learning. It is shown that several patterns of exports may arise depending primarily on the size of fixed trade costs. At a given point in time firms therefore...

  15. Decentralized Procurement in Light of Strategic Inventories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arya, Anil; Frimor, Hans; Mittendorf, Brian

    2014-01-01

    The centralization versus decentralization choice is perhaps the quintessential organizational structure decision. In the operations realm, this choice is particularly critical when it comes to the procurement function. Why firms may opt to decentralize procurement has been often studied...... and confirmed to be a multifaceted choice. This paper complements existing studies by detailing the trade-offs in the centralization versus decentralization decision in light of firm's decision to cede procurement choices to its individual devisions can help moderate inventory levels and provide a natural salve...

  16. Local Content Requirements in Renewable Energy Schemes - Government Procurement or a Violation of International Obligations?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verburg, Cornelis

    2017-01-01

    Numerous States have adopted renewable energy schemes aimed at incentivising investments in renewable energy generation capacity that contain local content requirements as an eligibility criterion to obtain support, such as a feed-in tariff. However, these requirements may violate the international

  17. Research on internal control construction of bidding and procurement in colleges and universities%高校招标采购内部控制建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李延召; 祝光英

    2016-01-01

    该文分析了高校招标采购涉及的内部控制具体要素及存在的问题和风险,研究了高校招标采购在风险评估、内部环境、控制活动、信息与沟通、内部监督等方面的建设和完善措施,提出了设置独立统一的招标采购部门、加强事前事中与事后控制、建立决策论证和审批制度、采用信息管理系统和电子化招投标平台、建立回访和后评价制度、建立风险评估机制等对策和方法,使招标采购更加符合内部控制理念,更好地实现服务学校发展的目标。%This article analyzes the internal control elements involved in bidding and procurement ,and analyzes the problems and risks of bidding and procurement in internal environment ,control activities ,information and communication ,internal supervision ,etc .To solve the problems and risks ,this article studies the measures of internal control construction ,such as setting up an independent unified bidding and procurement management department ,establishing decision argumentation and approval system ,using information management systems and electronic bidding and procurement platform ,establishing a post‐evaluation system and a risk assessment mechanism ,in order to better serve the development of colleges and universities .

  18. Firmness at Harvest Impacts Postharvest Fruit Softening and Internal Browning Development in Mechanically Damaged and Non-damaged Highbush Blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moggia, Claudia; Graell, Jordi; Lara, Isabel; González, Guillermina; Lobos, Gustavo A

    2017-01-01

    Fresh blueberries are very susceptible to mechanical damage, which limits postharvest life and firmness. Softening and susceptibility of cultivars "Duke" and "Brigitta" to developing internal browning (IB) after mechanical impact and subsequent storage was evaluated during a 2-year study (2011/2012, 2012/2013). On each season fruit were carefully hand-picked, segregated into soft (cultivar or season, high variability in fruit firmness was observed within each commercial harvest, and significant differences in IB and softening rates were found. "Duke" exhibited high softening rates, as well as high and significant r(2) between firmness and IB, but little differences for dropped vs. non-dropped fruit. "Brigitta," having lesser firmness rates, exhibited almost no relationships between firmness and IB (especially for non-dropped fruit), but marked differences between dropping treatments. Firmness loss and IB development were related to firmness at harvest, soft and firm fruit being the most and least damaged, respectively. Soft fruit were characterized by greater IB development during storage along with high soluble solids/acid ratio, which could be used together with firmness to estimate harvest date and storage potential of fruit. Results of this work suggest that the differences in fruit quality traits at harvest could be related to the time that fruit stay on the plant after turning blue, soft fruit being more advanced in maturity. Finally, the observed differences between segregated categories reinforce the importance of analyzing fruit condition for each sorted group separately.

  19. IPPF firm reconciles money with mission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Despite its seemingly conflicting goals, the Family Health Management Service (FHMS) has become an important middleman agency for contraceptives. A for-profit subsidiary of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), FHMS has established itself by helping fill the funding gap left by large international donor agencies. FHMS acts as consulting and procurement firm of contraceptives for smaller family planning programs around the world. These organizations, whether government or private, are generally too small to qualify extensive assistance from major donor groups. Although FHMS is a for-profit organization, its leadership stresses that its main goal is to make family planning knowledge and skills available to everyone. FHMS makes a determination whether the organization seeking contraceptives is a charitable or commercial enterprise. If the organization is charitable, FHMS charges only a handling fee. If the organization is commercial, FHMS adds a percentage to make the cost of the contraceptive reflect the market value. Since it begun operating in 1988, FHMS has assisted hundreds of customers. When Action Aid needed 6000 contraceptive products (a figure too small to attract funding from large donor organizations but too large to buy in the open market) for its rural development program in sierra Leone, FHMS procured them at an affordable cost. Last year, the organization spent about $1 million in procuring, shipping, and managing contraceptive sales, and netted a profit of about $45,000. All profits are channeled back to IPPF's altruistic programs.

  20. Native American lithic procurement along the international border in the boot heel region of southwestern New Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. E. Zeigler

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Multidisciplinary field projects can be very useful to a more fundamental understanding of the world around us, though these projects are not as common as they should be. In particular, the combination of archeology and geology combines our understanding of human behavior and human use of the landscape with an intimate knowledge of geologic processes and the materials available for human use in order to gain a broader understanding of human-Earth interaction. Here we present data from a cross-disciplinary project that uses a common dataset, archeological artifacts, to explore the anthropological and geologic implications of useage patterns. Archeological excavations and surveys conducted by the Office of Contract Archeology in 2007 along the route of the proposed international border fence reveal patterns of use of geologic materials by Archaic, Formative and Protohistoric Native Americans in the Boot Heel of southwestern New Mexico. Thousands of artifacts were recorded in multiple sites from Guadalupe Pass in the southern Peloncillo Mountains to the Carrizalillo Hills west of Columbus. We identified the lithologies of artifacts, ranging from projectile points to groundstones, and then constructed material movement maps based on either known procurement sites ("quarries" or outcrops identified as the closest source to a given site for each lithology. Not unexpectedly, the majority of the rock types utilized by native peoples are local siliceous volcanic materials. However, several artifacts constructed from obsidian were transported into the region from northern Mexico and eastern Arizona, indicating long-distance travel and/or trade routes. We also examine useage pattern difference between Archaic, Formative and Protohistoric sites. Additionally, a dramatic change in distribution of sources for geologic materials occurs between one pre-Spanish site and one post-Spanish site that are adjacent to one another.

  1. Firmness at Harvest Impacts Postharvest Fruit Softening and Internal Browning Development in Mechanically Damaged and Non-damaged Highbush Blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moggia, Claudia; Graell, Jordi; Lara, Isabel; González, Guillermina; Lobos, Gustavo A.

    2017-01-01

    Fresh blueberries are very susceptible to mechanical damage, which limits postharvest life and firmness. Softening and susceptibility of cultivars “Duke” and “Brigitta” to developing internal browning (IB) after mechanical impact and subsequent storage was evaluated during a 2-year study (2011/2012, 2012/2013). On each season fruit were carefully hand-picked, segregated into soft (<1.60 N), medium (1.61–1.80 N), and firm (1.81–2.00 N) categories, and then either were dropped (32 cm) onto a hard plastic surface or remained non-dropped. All fruit were kept under refrigerated storage (0°C and 85–88% relative humidity) to assess firmness loss and IB after 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 days. In general, regardless of cultivar or season, high variability in fruit firmness was observed within each commercial harvest, and significant differences in IB and softening rates were found. “Duke” exhibited high softening rates, as well as high and significant r2 between firmness and IB, but little differences for dropped vs. non-dropped fruit. “Brigitta,” having lesser firmness rates, exhibited almost no relationships between firmness and IB (especially for non-dropped fruit), but marked differences between dropping treatments. Firmness loss and IB development were related to firmness at harvest, soft and firm fruit being the most and least damaged, respectively. Soft fruit were characterized by greater IB development during storage along with high soluble solids/acid ratio, which could be used together with firmness to estimate harvest date and storage potential of fruit. Results of this work suggest that the differences in fruit quality traits at harvest could be related to the time that fruit stay on the plant after turning blue, soft fruit being more advanced in maturity. Finally, the observed differences between segregated categories reinforce the importance of analyzing fruit condition for each sorted group separately. PMID:28443123

  2. THE EFFECT OF BUSINESS FIRMS’ INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITIES ON THE FIRM PERFORMANCE: A CENTRAL BLACK SEA REGION CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkut ALTINDAG

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the effect of business firms carrying on business in Central Black Sea Region of Turkey on the performance of these firms. Especially how it affected SMEs (Small and Medium Sized Enterprises was analyzed. When particularly considering the effects of business that have SME quality on economy of Turkey, such kind of researches are noticed to have a basis in recent years. The research depended upon the data obtained from enterprises through original qualified questionnaire. The questionnaire question forms were scaled benefiting from the studies in the literature based upon international activities and business performance measurement. For all variables, the scales in the literature were taken and included into research questionnaire. The questionnaires were performed to SMEs and large-scale enterprises. In the research factor analysis, correlation and regression analysis were included as analysis methods. According to the obtained results, it was determined that international activities had a positive effect on the performance of enterprises. The results were interpreted, and various suggestions were offered to academicians, and administrators.

  3. The recognition of first time international entrepreneurial opportunities: Evidence from firms in knowledge-based industries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Y. Chandra; C. Styles; I. Wilkinson

    2009-01-01

    Purpose - This paper aims to complement existing theories of internationalization by studying an important aspect which has been neglected in previous studies: the process of international entrepreneurial opportunity recognition. International market entry is conceptualized as an entrepreneurial, in

  4. Evolving Procurement Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bals, Lydia; Laine, Jari; Mugurusi, Godfrey

    Procurement has to find further levers and advance its contribution to corporate goals continuously. This places pressure on its organization in order to facilitate its performance. Therefore, procurement organizations constantly have to evolve in order to match these demands. A conceptual model...... putting the structural elements in focus is derived from the analysis of two case companies, which extends the existing literature and opens new avenues for future research. The findings highlight the importance of taking a contingency perspective on procurement organization, understanding the internal...... and external contingency factors and having a more detailed look at the structural dimensions chosen, beyond the well-known characteristics of centralization, formalization, participation, specialization, standardization and size. From a theoretical perspective, it opens up insights that can be leveraged...

  5. What makes Chinese firms to choose international external technology sources? An inquiry on internationalization, innovation and institutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li-Ying, Jason; Wang, Yuandi

    2013-01-01

    . However, we have also witnessed an emerging trend of external acquisition of technology by EMFs firms in both international and domestic markets. Why some EMFs are active in sourcing both domestic and international technologies instead of being significantly in favour of foreign technologies from...... developed countries? We argue that exploring the determinants of EMFs’ choice with regard to EMFs’ strategic choice of souring domestic or foreign technology becomes the key to understanding why EMFs are increasingly gaining prominence in the global competitive landscape. Thus, this paper tends to advance...... our understanding of EMF competitiveness by adding a crucial link of EMFs strategic choice regarding the origin of technology sourcing from different origins and exploring the determinants for such a choice through the lens of internationalization, innovation and institutions (3 I’s) within a coherent...

  6. Spillover Effects of International Strategic Alliance in Banking Industry of China: Perspectives from Chinese Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Hou, Yuxuan

    2014-01-01

    This research examines the spillover effects of international strategic alliances in China’s banking industry for Chinese domestic banks. Through adopting spillover effects theory in explaining the positive and negative effects leaking from foreign investors in international strategic alliances, the study enables us to compare the internal and external effects depending on different factors, as Chinese state owned national banks and local banks as well as the country of origin. All of the ana...

  7. Analisis Internal Perusahaan (Strength & Weakness, Menggunakankonsep Resource-Based View of the Firm dengan Kerangka VRIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Son Wandrial

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Problems in the company's internal environmental analysis is to determine the strengths and weaknesses (internal resources, we did not have reasonable grounds to determine whether the company's internal resources as a strength or weakness. Before we can determine whether a resource can be categorized as strengths or weaknesses, we must have a certain criteria so that appropriate resources are said to be a strength or weakness

  8. Customs-Related Transaction Costs, Firm Size and International Trade Intensity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Verwaal (Ernst); A.C.D. Donkers (Bas)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractThe costs of paperwork and delays needed to clear international customs are generally perceived as a time-consuming impediment to international trade. However, few studies have empirically examined the determinants and the impact of this type of government-imposed transaction costs. This

  9. Building Procurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Niclas

    2007-01-01

    despite this excellent book, the knowledge, expertise, well-articulated argument and collection of recent research efforts that are provided by the three authors will help to make project success less elusive. The book constitutes a thorough and comprehensive investigation of building procurement, which......, which gives the book a challenging contribution to the existing body of knowledge....

  10. 内部控制、公司诉讼和公司价值%Internal Control,Corporate Lawsuits and Firm Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林斌; 周美华; 舒伟; 刘春丽

    2013-01-01

    Five Chinese government authorities and regulatory bodies jointly issued the Basic Standard for Enterprise Internal Control (C-SOX)in June 2008,which requires listed companies established within the territory of mainland China to establish,evaluate and assess the effectiveness of their internal controls,and encourage large and medium-sized Chinese en-terprises which are non-listed to fulfill these requirements.C-SOX stipulates that one of the internal control objectives is to provide reasonable assurance to realize the compliance of laws and regulations.However,whether the internal control can achieve this objective and im-prove firm value is still full of doubt.Considering these factors,we use corporate lawsuits data in Chinese capital market from 2000 to 2007 to investigate the relationship among inter-nal control,corporate lawsuits and firm value. Based on the contract theory,internal control is an important internal mechanism to en-sure the contract implementation.If internal control is not effective enough,there is of great probability that the stakeholders will seek for external mechanism to protect their own inter-est,such as lawsuits.As a result,companies with weaker internal control are more likely to be involved in litigation,which will influence firm value. We use empirical research method to solve these issues and find that:(1 )Compared to the firms with better internal control,the probability of being litigated is higher in firms with worse internal control;(2)Compared to other firms,the litigated firms have lower firm val-ue;(3)Further,among the litigated firms,the worse the internal control quality,the lower the firm value.In summary,internal control could enhance the compliance activity in firm’s operation,avoid the loss caused by lawsuit,and further improve firm value. Our paper makes three primary contributions.First,we extend the literature of lawsuit. There are few studies on the causes of lawsuit,and our results offer a new angle to discover

  11. The impact of a firm's internal control mechanisms on the choice of innovation mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xinmin; LI Yuan; SU Zhongfeng; FENG Jinlu

    2007-01-01

    A finn's internal control mechanisms may have a significant influence on the choice of innovation mode. Therefore, based on the research on the internal control mechanisms of companies, we developed a model to explore the relationship between a finn's internal control mechanisms and the choice of innovation mode. Using a sample of 585 Chinese finns, this study tests the proposed model. Results show that strategic control has a positive relationship with radical innovation, but a negative relationship with incremental innovation, while financial control has a negative relationship with radical innovation, but a positive relationship with incremental innovation.

  12. Food Procurement by USDA's Farm Service Agency

    OpenAIRE

    MacDonald, James M.; Handy, Charles R.; Plato, Gerald E.

    1998-01-01

    USDA's Farm Service Agency (FSA) purchases food products for distribution through several of the Department's food assistance programs. This report describes FSA purchase methods and compares them to procurement strategies used by other Federal agencies and by private sector firms. It summarizes the principal policy issues faced by FSA in designing procurement strategies. And it uses a detailed statistical analysis to compare FSA prices to those realized in the private sector, and to identify...

  13. The Effects Of International Partnerships On Developing Dynamic Capacities In The Local Firms Of The Emergent Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Ben SLIMANE

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available As widely acknowledged, the international joint ventures are considered as providing a potential of innovation capabilities and technological capacities. In the case of emerging markets the IJV offer for the recipient partner the possibility to prove its ability to learn, acquire and absorb the external technologies. Nevertheless, the transfer is not systematic. It is conditioned by a combination of factors that influence its success. We propose to measure the performance of the transfer for the Tunisian case at the level of perception of the managers and at the level of the type of supports made by the parent. Then we extend the analysis by measuring the potential absorptive capacity, which have an influence in terms of improving the performance effects of the IJV. Finally, we test the influence of the initial profiles characteristics of the firms, on moderating the IJV’ effects, before concluding and underlying the limits of this study.

  14. International firms in Africa’s food retail business-emerging issues and research agenda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nandonde, Felix Adamu; Kuada, John

    2016-01-01

    practices of international retailers; and, the food-buying behaviour of Africa’s middle class. Originality/value – This research paper relied heavily on grey literature such as newspapers and unpublished masters’ dissertations and PhD theses. With this material as a context, this paper provides guidance......Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the state of the retail sector in Sub-Saharan Africa, to point out the lack of information on some critical issues and to raise some questions about relevant topics for researchers and practitioners in the retail area for the African market. Design....../methodology/approach – This paper is comprised of a comprehensive review of the literature and integrates the fragmented body of knowledge on the area of retail internationalisation and food marketing. The gaps in the literature identified here may help to understand the sector better and develop academic research agendas on both...

  15. International firms in Africa’s food retail business-emerging issues and research agenda

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nandonde, Felix Adamu; Kuada, John

    2016-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the state of the retail sector in Sub-Saharan Africa, to point out the lack of information on some critical issues and to raise some questions about relevant topics for researchers and practitioners in the retail area for the African market. Design....../methodology/approach – This paper is comprised of a comprehensive review of the literature and integrates the fragmented body of knowledge on the area of retail internationalisation and food marketing. The gaps in the literature identified here may help to understand the sector better and develop academic research agendas on both...... practices of international retailers; and, the food-buying behaviour of Africa’s middle class. Originality/value – This research paper relied heavily on grey literature such as newspapers and unpublished masters’ dissertations and PhD theses. With this material as a context, this paper provides guidance...

  16. How Do Procurement Networks Become Social? Design Principles Evaluation in a Heterogeneous Environment of Structured and Unstructured Interactions : 32. International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2011)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koppenhagen, Norbert; Katz, Nico; Mueller, Benjamin; Mädche, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    Expanding procurement networks involving many regions, organizations and people impose challenges on procurement ebusiness systems. Firstly, the classic document exchange based connection approach across company borderlines is still both timeconsuming and costly. Secondly, today’s systems provide li

  17. How Do Procurement Networks Become Social? Design Principles Evaluation in a Heterogeneous Environment of Structured and Unstructured Interactions : 32. International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS 2011)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koppenhagen, Norbert; Katz, Nico; Mueller, Benjamin; Mädche, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    Expanding procurement networks involving many regions, organizations and people impose challenges on procurement ebusiness systems. Firstly, the classic document exchange based connection approach across company borderlines is still both timeconsuming and costly. Secondly, today’s systems provide li

  18. 论企业采购活动的内部控制%On Internal Control of Enterprises in the Procurement Activities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单波

    2014-01-01

    采购与付款业务是企业生产经营管理中的一个重要环节。所以,要明确采购活动中不合理操作甚至违规操作的风险所在。在采购环节和付款环节上,要完善管理制度,加强监督机制,建立健全内部稽核制度,切实落实监督检查制度。%The purchase and payment business is an important link in the production ,operation and management of enterprises .Therefore ,unreasonable action procurement activities must be clear ,e-ven where the risks of illegal operations .On the part in the procurement and payment process ,it’s im-portant to improve the management system ,strengthen the mechanism of supervision ,and establish an internal auditing system ,the practical implementation of the supervision and inspection system .

  19. Green Wood Public Procurement Development in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The green government(public) procurement system plays an important role in achieving the policy objective of energy saving and environmental protection,and promoting green technology progress in enterprises.The green government procurement starts comparatively late in China,and there are still a lot of problems in the legal system,procurement standards,organization and management system, information communication and monitoring evaluation mechanisms and so forth.With international experience as the refer...

  20. Corruption in emergency procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Jessica; Søreide, Tina

    2008-12-01

    Corruption in emergency procurement reduces the resources available for life-saving operations, lowers the quality of products and services provided, and diverts aid from those who need it most.(1) It also negatively influences public support for humanitarian relief, both in the affected country and abroad. This paper aims to unpack and analyse the following question in order to mitigate risk: how and where does corruption typically occur, and what can be done? Suggested strategies reflect a multi-layered approach that stresses internal agency control mechanisms, conflict-sensitive management, and the need for common systems among operators.

  1. Innovation public procurement in Russia: problems of institutional arrangements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korytcev Maxim, A.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores the problems of public procurement in innovation sphere in Russia, its institutional organization. In international practice, some strategies of innovation stimulation (by public procurement are developing. There is necessity to use more elements of these strategies in Russian National Procurement System. The active National Public Procurement System has no enough effective methods and instruments for stimulating innovation development now.

  2. Procurement Tracking System (PTS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The Procurement Tracking System (PTS) is used solely by the procurement staff of the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) at the U.S. Office of Personnel Management...

  3. 企业边界的确定:"内部化"与"外部化"%Determinants of Firm Boundaries: "Internalization" and "Externalization"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯广辉

    2009-01-01

    基于企业边界理论的"内部化"和"外部化"趋向,重点回顾交易成本理论与能力理论的分歧,重新梳理二者之间可相互借鉴的部分.企业边界从内部化转向外部化的过程受到资产专用性、所有权安排、核心能力以及吸收能力的综合影响.资产专用性和核心能力与"内部化"息息相关,而所有权安排和吸收能力与"外部化"紧密相连,企业边界的确定是"内部化"因素与"外部化"因素综合作用的结果.%Based on the trend of "internalization" and "extemalization" in firm boundaries' theories, this paper focuses the review of divergence between the theory of transaction costs and the theory of capabilities, and then settles the part of two theories which can be used for reference each other. And finally we find four factors influence synthetically the change of firm boundaries from internalization to externalization: asset specificity, ownership, core capabilities, and absorbing capabilities. Asset specificity and core capabilities is closely linked to the trends of "internalization";but ownership and absorbing capabilities is related to "externalization" .Therefore, the determinant of firm boundaries is the integrative results of "internalization" and "externalization" factors.

  4. TAXATION AND FINANCE CONSTRAINED FIRMS

    OpenAIRE

    Iris Claus

    2006-01-01

    This paper develops an open economy model to assess the long-run effects of taxation where firms are finance constrained. Finance constraints arise because of imperfect information between borrowers and lenders. Only borowers (firms) can costlessly observe actual returns from production. Imperfect information and finance constraints magnify the effects of taxation. A reduction (rise) in income taxation increases (lowers) firms' internal funds and their ability to assess external finance to ex...

  5. 我国企业国际化成长动力及有关衡量指标%International Development Power of Firms in China and Related Index to Measure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓静

    2012-01-01

    在企业国际化成长理论以及国际化成长程度理论的基础上,指出我国企业国际化成长是内部拉动因素(利用企业资源、形成所有权)和外部推动因素(如政府政策支持、目标国的环境等)相互作用的结果,此外,设置衡量企业国际化成长程度的多维度的指标,为企业的深化国际化成长提供指导.%With the approaching of economic globalization, firm' s vitality increasingly depends on the international competitive strength. The article reviews theories of firm' s international growth and theories of firm' s level of international growth. Based on that, it points out that firm's development in international market is the result from combined action of internal pull factors (to use firm' s resources and to form ownership advantages ) and external push factors (government policy to support and the target country's environment). It also sets up lots of index to measure firm's level of development in international market. It provides guidance to deepen the internationalization growth.

  6. Case studies in government procurement fraud

    OpenAIRE

    Gayton, James R. S.

    2004-01-01

    Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited MBA Professional Report The purpose of this research is to provide guidance that will increase awareness and facilitate class discussions on ethical situations that contracting officers are exposed to during their business relationships with contracting firms. The cases explore the specifics of individual incidents of ethical and procedural procurement violations. Additionally, this study provides conclusions and recommendations tha...

  7. Employees Adoption of E-Procurement System: An Empirical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inder Singh

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Today, organizations are investing a lot in their IT infrastructure and reengineering their businessprocesses by digitizing firms. If organizational employees will not optimum utilize its IT infrastructure, theproductivity gain reduced enormously. In Uttarakhand e-procurement system implemented by public sectorunder e-governance integrated mission mode projects. So, there is need to find the determinants whichinfluence employee’s adoption and uses of e-procurement systems. This research study assesses theorganizational and individual determinants that influence the use of e-procurement system in Uttarakhandpublic sector. This study provides managers with the valuable information to take intervention programs toachieve greater acceptance and usage of e-procurement system. Data collected for this study by the meansof a survey conducted in Uttarakhand state in 2011. A total 1200 questionnaire forms were distributedpersonally and online to employees using e-procurement system in Uttarakhand.

  8. Employees Adoption of E-Procurement System: An Empirical Study

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, Inder

    2011-01-01

    Today, organizations are investing a lot in their IT infrastructure and reengineering their business processes by digitizing firms. If organizational employees will not optimum utilize its IT infrastructure, the productivity gain reduced enormously. In Uttarakhand e-procurement system implemented by public sector under e-governance integrated mission mode projects. So, there is need to find the determinants which influence employee's adoption and uses of e-procurement systems. This research study assesses the organizational and individual determinants that influence the use of e-procurement system in Uttarakhand public sector. This study provides managers with the valuable information to take intervention programs to achieve greater acceptance and usage of e-procurement system. Data collected for this study by the means of a survey conducted in Uttarakhand state in 2011. A total 1200 questionnaire forms were distributed personally and online to employees using e-procurement system in Uttarakhand.

  9. Foreign Firms, Domestic Wages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Markusen, James R.; Schjerning, Bertel

    by developing a model that allows for two "pure" explanations for the wage premium. The first is a heterogenous-worker explanation along the lines of Yeaple (2005), where firms that select more scaleintensive technologies select ex-ante more productive workers. In this case, the wage premium is a pure selection...... phenomenon. The second explanation builds on the heterogeneous-firm model of Melitz (2003) combined with on-the-job learning as in Markusen (2001). Productivity differences between firms are internalized by ex-ante homogeneous workers, so the wage premium is a pure learning phenomenon due to ex-post higher...... by selection are in the neighborhood of 30-65% of the total premium, with the remainder consistent with learning. There is also considerable support for a number of other predictions specific to the worker-learning explanation....

  10. Interní komunikace ve firmě na příkladu společnosti Microsoft

    OpenAIRE

    Mrázková, Blanka

    2011-01-01

    The master's thesis deals with one of modern methods of human resources management, the internal communication. It examines relations between corporate culture and internal communication as well as application of internal communication into business strategy in order to raise efectivness of businesses. The thesis also points out present level of internal communication in Czech companies. The thesis includes detailed analysis of formal and informal communication tools and puts emphasis on nece...

  11. Public Procurement and Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolfstam, Max

    Max Rolfstam examines the increasing emphasis on public procurement as a means to stimulate innovation and the theoretical implications of this policy development. While ‘regular’ public procurement may be regarded as the outcome of anonymous market processes, public procurement of innovation must...... be understood as a special case of innovation, where social processes – and consequently the institutions governing these social processes – need to be considered. This book contributes to our understanding with a detailed institutional analysis of the public procurement of innovation....

  12. Indonesia - Procurement Modernization Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The evaluation seeks to establish evidence on the possible effects of an intervention designed to modernize public procurement: effects on cost savings, performance...

  13. Firm Based Trade Models and Turkish Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilüfer ARGIN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Among all international trade models, only The Firm Based Trade Models explains firm’s action and behavior in the world trade. The Firm Based Trade Models focuses on the trade behavior of individual firms that actually make intra industry trade. Firm Based Trade Models can explain globalization process truly. These approaches include multinational cooperation, supply chain and outsourcing also. Our paper aims to explain and analyze Turkish export with Firm Based Trade Models’ context. We use UNCTAD data on exports by SITC Rev 3 categorization to explain total export and 255 products and calculate intensive-extensive margins of Turkish firms.

  14. Human Capital and Wages in Exporting Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Jakob Roland; Skaksen, Jan Rose

    2006-01-01

    This paper studies the link between a firms education level, export performance and wages of its workers. We argue that firms may escape intence competition in international markets by using high skilled workers to differentiate their products. This story is consistent with our empirical results....... an export wage premium, but it accrues to workers in firms with high skill intensities.Keywords: Exports, Wages, Human Capital, Rent Sharing, Matched Worker-Firm DataJEL Classification: J30, F10, I20...

  15. Sustainable development strategies in international business: The case of resource-based firms in the Andean Region of Latin America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Percy Luis

    This research possesses four relevant characteristics with a potential to contribute to the international business literature. First, it was conducted in three Latin American countries: Peru, Chile and Ecuador (emerging economies) where little research in international business, in comparison with other regions, has been conducted. Second, it was conducted in two industries: mining and oil and gas, which have different ways of organizing and operating in comparison with production and manufacturing industries. Third, it was conducted in remote and sensitive environmental and social areas, where stakeholders and their concerns are different from those of production and manufacturing industries. And fourth, it integrates sustainable development strategies into the field of international business. This thesis provides an in-depth discussion of three case studies and presents conclusions and implications for theory development, managers, and policy makers. The purpose of this research is to contribute to mainstream of the literature on international business by describing and analyzing the incorporation of sustainable development into management strategies.

  16. Effect of procurement internal control on cost reduction and efficiency in pharmaceutical company%采购内控在制药企业降本增效中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐梅

    2012-01-01

      原辅料采购作为制剂药企业生产经营的第一个环节,对药品成本控制和药品质量控制至关重要,是制药企业降本增效的一个重要环节。怎样把握好原辅料采购预算、计划、价格和采购产品的质量关就显得非常必要和关键。只有做好采购环节的内控,才能在降本方面做到利益最大化。%  As the first aspect of the drug production and operation, procurement of raw materials is particularly crucial to the cost and quality control of drugs and it is an important part for pharmaceutical companies to reduce cost and enhance efficiency. How to grasp the budget, plan and price of raw materials procurement and the quality of purchased products becomes very necessary and critical. Only when a good job has been done in internal control of procurement, the benefits resulting from cost reduction can be maximized.

  17. Optimizing Eco-Efficiency Across the Procurement Portfolio.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelton, Rylie E O; Li, Mo; Smith, Timothy M; Lyon, Thomas P

    2016-06-07

    Manufacturing organizations' environmental impacts are often attributable to processes in the firm's upstream supply chain. Environmentally preferable procurement (EPP) and the establishment of environmental purchasing criteria can potentially reduce these indirect impacts. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) can help identify the purchasing criteria that are most effective in reducing environmental impacts. However, the high costs of LCA and the problems associated with the comparability of results have limited efforts to integrate procurement performance with quantitative organizational environmental performance targets. Moreover, environmental purchasing criteria, when implemented, are often established on a product-by-product basis without consideration of other products in the procurement portfolio. We develop an approach that utilizes streamlined LCA methods, together with linear programming, to determine optimal portfolios of product impact-reduction opportunities under budget constraints. The approach is illustrated through a simulated breakfast cereal manufacturing firm procuring grain, containerboard boxes, plastic packaging, electricity, and industrial cleaning solutions. Results suggest that extending EPP decisions and resources to the portfolio level, recently made feasible through the methods illustrated herein, can provide substantially greater CO2e and water-depletion reductions per dollar spend than a product-by-product approach, creating opportunities for procurement organizations to participate in firm-wide environmental impact reduction targets.

  18. A conceptual model for assessing the impact of electronic procurement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, de Luitzen; Harink, Jeroen; Heijboer, Govert

    2002-01-01

    This paper aims to contribute to the development of a conceptual model for studying the direct and indirect impact of various forms of electronic procurement (EP) on a firm's integral purchasing (-related) costs. The model builds on existing classifications of purchasing-related costs and benefits a

  19. Global Procurement Now It's Local Procurement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Www.gasgoo.com held a global auto parts procurement summit during this year's Shanghai auto show.And the attendants were from more than 100 car makers and tier-Ⅰparts suppliers, 120 other suppliers and 150 of whom were of higher level in their busi-

  20. Ordering the preference hierarchies for internal finance, bank laons, bond and share issue: evidence from Dutch firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. de Haan; J. Hinloopen

    2003-01-01

    We estimate the incremental financing decision for a sample of some 150 Dutch companies for the years 1984 through 1997, thereby distinguishing internal finance and three types of external finance: bank borrowing, bond issues, and share issues. First, we estimate a multinomial logit model, which con

  1. Expatriate mobility, firm recruitment and local context: Skilled international migration to the rapidly globalizing city of Dubai.

    OpenAIRE

    Ewers, Michael c.; Dicce, Ryan

    2017-01-01

    About the Book In today’s global knowledge economy, competition for the best and brightest workers has intensified. Highly skilled workers are an asset to companies, knowledge institutions, cities, and regions as they contribute to knowledge creation, innovation, and economic growth and development. Skilled migrants cross, and many times straddle, international borders to pursue professional opportunities. These spatial relocations provide opportunities and challenges for migrants and the ...

  2. The Effect of the Internal Side of Social Responsibility on Firm Competitive Success in the Business Services Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Isabel Sánchez-Hernández

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This work focuses on the internal side of social responsibility of organizations in a regional context. Through a survey of 590 managers in classical business services (human-capital intensive and representative of the productive economy of the Region of Extremadura (Spain, an empirical analysis is conducted. First, a factor analysis is conducted to explore the main dimensions of the internal face of Social Responsibility and second, a structural equations model is developed to look for a relationship with business competitiveness. Business performance and innovation are also considered in the model. The main contribution of the article is the establishment of a set of indicators that will help to build an ongoing and meaningful dialogue with employees improving their quality of life at work that will also serve as important guidance for the increasing of the firm’s competitiveness through responsible human resources practices. Some suggestions for a research agenda emerge from this first attempt to approach the internal side of responsibility in business.

  3. The Informing Needs of Procurement Officers in Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yahel Giat

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Aim/Purpose: To develop and introduce a questionnaire that investigates the informing needs, information-seeking behavior, and supplier selection of procurement officers in Israel. The questionnaire’s internal consistency reliability is given. Additionally, we describe the demographic description of the procurement officers in Israel. Background: Procurement science is an important field that affects firms’ profits in the private sector and is significant to growth, innovation, sustainability, and welfare in the public sector. There is little research about the informing needs of procurement officers in general and particularly in Israel. Methodology: A quantitative questionnaire that is sent to all the procurement officers in Israel’s procuring association. Contribution: The questionnaire that is developed in this paper may be used by other researchers and practitioners to evaluate the information needs of procurement officers. Findings: The typical procurement officer is male, with a bachelor degree and is digitally proficient. Recommendations for Practitioners: The procuring side can use the questionnaire to develop better tools for obtaining information efficiently. The supplying side can use this knowledge to improve its exposure to potential customers and address its customer’s needs better. Recommendation for Researchers: The questionnaire can address theoretical questions such as how digital literacy affects the procuring process and provide empirical findings about active research areas such as supplier selection and information-seeking behavior. Future Research: Future research will examine the relationship between the various variables and demographic features to understand why specific information needs and information-seeking behaviors arise.

  4. Accounting Firms: Global Spread with Limited Transnationalization

    OpenAIRE

    Jochen Zimmermann; Jan-Christoph Volckmer

    2012-01-01

    As financial markets have increasingly globalised, the regulatory framework is still nationally fragmented. One core regulatory element is the provision of assurance services by accounting firms. The Big 4 - the leading international providers of audit services Ð are not as international as are accounting standards or their clients. The paper traces three facets of the transnationalization of accounting firms: explanations for internationalization rooted in the theory of the firm, their modes...

  5. Fighting corruption in tactical procurement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Obanda Wanyama, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Vast amount of public resources are spent on procurement. Effective public procurement yields additional budget space, hence it ought to be conducted with due diligence. However, public procurement most especially tactical procurement in local governments in Uganda is vulnerable to corruption. In

  6. Fighting corruption in tactical procurement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Obanda Wanyama, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Vast amount of public resources are spent on procurement. Effective public procurement yields additional budget space, hence it ought to be conducted with due diligence. However, public procurement most especially tactical procurement in local governments in Uganda is vulnerable to corruption. In th

  7. 76 FR 61660 - Cost Accounting Standards: Clarification of the Exemption From Cost Accounting Standards for Firm...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... BUDGET Office of Federal Procurement Policy 48 CFR Part 9903 Cost Accounting Standards: Clarification of the Exemption From Cost Accounting Standards for Firm-Fixed-Price Contracts and Subcontracts Awarded... of Federal Procurement Policy, Cost Accounting Standards Board. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The...

  8. International orientation and export commitment in fast small and medium size firms internationalization: scales validation and implications for the Brazilian case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo André Machado

    Full Text Available Abstract A set of changes in the competitive environment has recently provoked the emergence of a new kind of organization that has since its creation a meaningful share of its revenue being originated from international activities developed in more than one continent. Within this new reality, the internationalization of the firm in phases or according to its growth has resulted in it losing its capacity to explain this process with regard to small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME. Thus, in this paper, the international orientation (IO and export commitment (EC constructs have been revised under a theoretical context of the fast internationalization of medium-sized companies, so as to identify scales that more accurately measure these dimensions in the Brazilian setting. After a literature review and an exploratory research, the IO and EC scales proposed by Knight and Cavusgil (2004 and Shamsuddoha and Ali (2006 were respectively applied to a sample of 398 small- and medium-sized exporting Brazilian companies. In spite of conjunction and situation differences inherent to the Brazilian companies, the selected scales presented high measuring reliability. Furthermore, the field research outcomes provide evidence for the existence of a phenomenon of fast internationalization in medium-sized companies in Brazil, as well as support some theoretical assumptions of other empirical investigations carried out with samples from developed countries.

  9. The Malaysian Public Procurement's Prevalent System and its Weaknesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohana Othman

    2010-01-01

    surveys or interviews. Records of court cases involving corruption offered clues to areas in the system prone to human intervention. Conclusion: This research helps identify areas of improvement in the Malaysian Government public procurement system and thus raises the possibility of enormous cost savings and the eradication of rampant corruption and abuse. This study shows that, while the public procurement system may be available in the Malaysian Government system of administration, weaknesses in the public procurement processes may open avenues for corruption to take place. Corruption stemming from a procurement system weak on aspects of ‘check and balance’ will cause a major drain on the national budget and can result in a huge loss of public funds. Eventually, the nations credibility in the eyes of the international business community will be severely tainted thus reducing the overall competitiveness of the country.

  10. Optimal Coordinated Strategy Analysis for the Procurement Logistics of a Steel Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lianbo Deng

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the optimization of an internal coordinated procurement logistics system in a steel group and the decision on the coordinated procurement strategy by minimizing the logistics costs. Considering the coordinated procurement strategy and the procurement logistics costs, the aim of the optimization model was to maximize the degree of quality satisfaction and to minimize the procurement logistics costs. The model was transformed into a single-objective model and solved using a simulated annealing algorithm. In the algorithm, the supplier of each subsidiary was selected according to the evaluation result for independent procurement. Finally, the effect of different parameters on the coordinated procurement strategy was analysed. The results showed that the coordinated strategy can clearly save procurement costs; that the strategy appears to be more cooperative when the quality requirement is not stricter; and that the coordinated costs have a strong effect on the coordinated procurement strategy.

  11. Health Services Procurement Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Department of Health

    2000-01-01

    The Healthcare Materials Management Board (HMMB) was established following the report to the Materials Management Advisory Group on procurement and materials management in the health sector Download the Report here

  12. Human Capital and Wages in Exporting Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Jakob Roland; Skaksen, Jan Rose

    . Using a very rich matched worker-firm longitudinal dataset we find that firms with high export intensities pay higher wages. However, an interaction term between export intensity and skill intensity has a positive impact on wages and it absorbs the direct effect of the export intensity. That is, we find......This paper studies the link between a firms education level, export performance and wages of its workers. We argue that firms may escape intense competition in international markets by using high skilled workers to differentiate their products. This story is consistent with our empirical results...... an export wage premium, but it accrues to workers in firms with high skill intensities...

  13. IEA Task 24 Solar procurement 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellehauge, K.; Oestergaard, I. [Teknologisk Institut, Taastrup. SolEnergiCentret (Denmark); Gramkow, L. [Esbensen, Copenhagen (Denmark)

    2002-04-01

    The objective of the project is to develop and improve large procurements of solar heating systems in order to be able to place large orders with manufacturers and suppliers. The project work will be carried out as an international co-operation under IEA Task 24 with the title 'Solar Procurement'. By co-ordinating the effort between the 4-6 participating countries, the objective is to purchase at least 10,000 solar heating systems, of this amount 1,000-2,000 in Denmark. Such large orders make it possible for manufacturers and suppliers to deliver systems considerably cheaper, and it will be possible to develop systems for given specifications on output and efficiency. These co-ordinated large orders are expected to improve the price/efficiency conditions by up to 50%. The so called 'procurement process' (co-ordinated international procurement based on goal-oriented system development in co-operation between customers and suppliers/manufacturers) will in the project be followed up by information/marketing, education, financing schemes, service schemes, quality assurance and technical support. The project is divided into two main areas (IEA subtasks). 1: 'Procurement and Marketing' and 2: 'Creation of Tools'. Denmark has been requested to be the project manager of subtask 2, 'Creation of Tools'. (EHS)

  14. Strong Firms Lobby, Weak Firms Bribe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Morten; Feldmann, Sven E.; Lassen, David Dreyer

    We use survey responses by firms to examine the firm-level determinants and effects of political influence, their perception of corruption and prevalence of bribe paying. We find that: (a) measures of political influence and corruption/bribes are uncorrelated at the firm level; (b) firms...... that are larger, older, exporting, government-owned, are widely held and/or have fewer competitors, have more political influence, perceive corruption to be less of a problem and pay bribes less often; (c) influence increases sales and government subsidies and in general makes the firm have a more positive view...

  15. Measuring Firm Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Assaf, A. George; Josiassen, Alexander; Gillen, David

    2014-01-01

    Set in the airport industry, this paper measures firm performance using both desirable and bad outputs (i.e. airport delays). We first estimate a model that does not include the bad outputs and then a model that includes bad outputs. The results show important differences in the efficiency...... and productivity results depending on whether bad outputs are or are not included in the model. The differences reflect the resource cost to society and the potential cost to an airport if such externalities were internalized. Finally, the paper provides measures of shadow prices for the bad output, in our case...

  16. The theory of the firm. Vol. 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Firms have for a long time been part of the explanatory set-up of economics. However, it is only recently that economists have felt the need for an economic theory addressing: why firms are different; why firms exist; what determines their boundaries relative to "the market"; and what determines...... their internal organization. This collection documents the rise of the modern theory of the firm during the last two to three decades. It reprints classic writings from a diversity of perspectives, including not only contractual theories of the firm, but also knowledge-based theories and theories of the firm...... as an information processor. In addition, the collection features perspectives from business strategy and business history as well as methodological and doctrinal historical perspectives. Including over 60 classic papers, these volumes collect together contributions on the theory of the firm, beginning with Ronald...

  17. Offshoring and Firm Overlap

    OpenAIRE

    Schmerer, Hans-Jörg; Capuano, Stella; Egger, Hartmut; Koch, Michael

    2015-01-01

    We set up a model of offshoring with heterogeneous producers that captures two empirical regularities on offshoring firms: larger, more productive firms are more likely to make use of the offshoring opportunity; the fraction of firms that engages in offshoring is positive and smaller than one in any size or revenue category. These patterns generate an overlap of offshoring and non-offshoring firms, which is non-monotonic in the costs of offshoring. In an empirical exercise, we employ firm-lev...

  18. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Organ Procurement Organizations and Organ Transplant Programs Locator tool is designed to help users find information about the Organ Procurement and...

  19. Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... organs available for transplant. View all news articles Organ Procurement & Transplantation Network U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ... Publications Privacy Policy Questions? Contact Organ Procurement and ... Network for Organ Sharing Post Office Box 2484 Richmond, Virginia 23218 ...

  20. An Exploratory Study of Structuring Internal-Control in China's Accounting Firms%构建我国会计师事务所内部控制的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张龙平; 鲁清仿

    2012-01-01

    The internal control in accounting firms is an institutional protection to improve their quality control ability, risk control ability and market competitiveness. Starting from the system theory and taking the auditing operation process as the core, this paper analyzes the urgency of structuring the internal control in accounting firms and its foundational theories. On the basis of the existing internal-control theories and combining the characteristics of the CPA profession, this paper also analyzes the definition, goals and boundary of internal control in accounting firms and the path and principles for the construction.%会计师事务所内部控制是提高事务所质量管理能力、风险管控能力与市场竞争能力的制度保障。从系统论出发,以审计作业流程为核心,分析了构建我国会计师事务所内部控制的紧迫性及其基础理论。以现行内部控制理论为基础,结合注册会计师行业特征研究了会计师事务所内部控制的定义、目标、边界、构建的路径与原则。

  1. Small firm transformation through IS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Levy, Margi; Powell, Philip

    2008-01-01

    Globally, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) are encouraged, particularly by governments, to embrace c-business. Fully adopting e-business involves substantial change in firms, both internally and externally. However, there is little understanding of the mechanisms by which such business

  2. Small firm transformation through IS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Levy, Margi; Powell, Philip

    2008-01-01

    Globally, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) are encouraged, particularly by governments, to embrace c-business. Fully adopting e-business involves substantial change in firms, both internally and externally. However, there is little understanding of the mechanisms by which such business tran

  3. Sustainable Bridge Infrastructure Procurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Safi, Mohammed; Du, Guangli; Simonsson, Peter

    2016-01-01

    The lack of a flexible but systematic approach for integrating lifecycle aspects into bridge investment decisions is a major obstacle hindering the procurement of sustainable bridge infrastructures. This paper addresses this obstacle by introducing a holistic approach that agencies could use...

  4. Multiple organ procurement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuković Milivoje

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Liver transplantation is the most demanding of all solid organ transplantations. It requires perfect organization and motivation of health care professionals, patients and their families. This article deals with the procedure for multiple organ procurement, reviews criteria for organ donation and describes the surgical technique for multiple organ procurement. Discussion. Adequate selection and evaluation of cadaveric donors and of organs for transplantation should include early identification of potential donors, and early diagnosis of brain death. The procurement of the highest number of viable organs for transplantation requires excellence in each of the phases. Early and aggressive physiologic support in the maintenance of potential donors can reduce organ donor loss due to irreversible asystole or multiorgan failure (it is almost always possible to maintain organ perfusion pressure and increase the number of organs without increasing post-transplant morbidity or mortality. The ideal donor is a young, previously healthy, brain dead, victim of an accident. Conclusion. The surgical procedure for multiple organ procurement from brain death donors must be performed without intraopertive organ damage. .

  5. Essays on Firm Behavior in Developing Economies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abeberese, Ama Baafra

    identify this impact by studying an electricity rationing program that took place in Ghana in 1998, which placed significant constraints on the electricity available to firms. Using data on Ghanaian manufacturing firms, I find a significant decline in investment in plant and machinery during the electricity rationing period. The decline in investment is more pronounced for firms in electricity-intensive sectors. I explore alternative explanations for the reduction in investment during the electricity rationing period, including a contraction in firm credit access and economy-wide shocks unrelated to electricity constraints, and find no evidence in support of either explanation. The results, therefore, suggest that the reduction in investment during the electricity rationing period was due to the constraints on the availability of electricity. These findings highlight the potentially negative impact of the inadequate provision of electricity that frequently plagues developing countries. These electricity constraints can hinder growth in these countries by curbing investment by firms. In Chapter 3, I turn to the investigation of the effect of a trade-related constraint. Until recently, most of the literature on firms engaged in international trade had largely focused on exporting, with little work on the role of imports in the behavior and performance of firms. Using data on Indonesian manufacturing firms, Chapter 3 analyzes the effect of a reduction in tariffs on imported inputs on the exporting activity of firms. I argue that a tariff reduction program in Indonesia, which generated exogenous variation in the tariffs imposed on imports of goods used by firms, had a positive effect on the exported share of output of firms. I explore the mechanisms underlying this positive effect and find that an increase in the use of imported inputs, facilitated by the reduction in input tariffs, generated an increase in the exported share of output of firms. I also find that this positive

  6. Agency Costs, Firm Value, and Corporate Investment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Teixeira de Vasconcelos (Manuel)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractOften firms lack the necessary internal resources to pursue all profitable investment opportunities at their disposal. One of the most important roles of financial markets is to allocate resources from different economic agents to the firms that will better employ them, thereby enabling

  7. Agency Costs, Firm Value, and Corporate Investment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Teixeira de Vasconcelos (Manuel)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractOften firms lack the necessary internal resources to pursue all profitable investment opportunities at their disposal. One of the most important roles of financial markets is to allocate resources from different economic agents to the firms that will better employ them, thereby enabling

  8. Internationalization of Emerging Economies and Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    countries and firms. The impact of country and firm specific factors, the role of institutions and governments, the strive for compensation of initial disadvantages, the struggle for finding ways to counterbalance for late coming into the international arena in the process of internationalization...... are brought under scrutiny in this volume. The chapters provide insights from diverse contexts ranging from Brazil to Malaysia....

  9. Knowledge Sharing in Knowledge-Intensive Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gupta, Akshey; Michailova, Snejina

    2004-01-01

    This paper is a study of the knowledge-sharing difficulties experienced by three departments in a knowledge-intensive firm. The case organization is a global consulting firm that has been on the forefront of knowledge management and has won several knowledge management related international accla...

  10. Human Capital and Wages in Exporting Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Jakob Roland; Skaksen, Jan Rose

    This paper studies the link between a firms education level, export performance and wages of its workers. We argue that firms may escape intense competition in international markets by using high skilled workers to differentiate their products. This story is consistent with our empirical results....... Using a very rich matched worker-firm longitudinal dataset we find that firms with high export intensities pay higher wages. However, an interaction term between export intensity and skill intensity has a positive impact on wages and it absorbs the direct effect of the export intensity. That is, we find...

  11. PROCUREMENT PHASES IN THE PROCESS OF PROCUREMENT IN KOSOVO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drita KAA ANDOLLI-GJONBALAJ

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Critical studies of the procurement process in Kosova, and comparisons with the best European and worldwide experiences, are a good base for developing an efficient procurement system. I conducted a Survey in the Office of Procurement. A particular part of the work has been dedicated to procurement procedures. Comprehensive Study of Procurement in Kosovo based on facts and statistical indexes figured through statistical software SPSS, MINITAB, EXEL (highlights author of study, created easiness in compiling of this study. Evidences proceeded at the program created possibility for real reflection in the procurement field, experiences, difficulties and problems as well as Law deformation of Procurement Institution in Kosova. The objective of study was double: First, focusing on empirical studies and few pioneer experiences in the field of procurement, in the years 2000-2006 which showed the reality of the situation – personal experiences, failures and actions or events beyond their control. Second, based on research results and theorical/science achievements and positive experiences at the EU countries and worldwide in the procurement field, to suggest Kosova Institutions concrete models, practical and functional of Kosovo procurement. In order for the research to become much more resultant and conclusions more objective, theorical science model and research base are laid down first. Due to this aim, the study is based on the method of direct interview. In the research are included 43 units of Procurement in Kosova Questionary is followed by associated paper in regard to make it clear at interviewers for object of research and ensure confidentiality of answers. In order to avoid problems in the evaluation of answers given from canvasser, for any question one by one is defined the manner of reporting of results. Compiled work of study is based on primary and secondary data. Primary data are provided through data collection with survey from

  12. The internal basic research and radical innovation in firm%企业的内部基础研究与突破性创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    眭纪刚; 连燕华; 曲婉

    2013-01-01

    突破性创新是后发企业跨越式发展的重要途径,基础研究能为企业突破性创新积累相应的创新能力.但是我国企业的基础研究普遍不足,导致企业的突破性创新能力薄弱.鼓励企业重视基础研究,必须突破基础研究只能在公立科研机构进行的思想束缚,通过改革科技计划和项目管理制度,建设企业国家重点实验室等方式,充分发挥财政税收政策的导向作用,引导和支持企业加强基础研究.%Radical innovation is very important for firm to leap development, and basic research can accumulate innovation capacity for firm' s radical innovation. But the basic research in Chinese firms is insufficient, which lead to the poor radical innovation capacity of firm. To encourage firm paying more attention to basic research, it should change the old idea that basic research can only do in public research organization, reform the management mechanism of S&T program, build national key lab in firm, and play the roles of finance and tax policy, to support firm strength basic research.

  13. Public Procurement of Innovation Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolfstam, Max; Petersen, Ole Helby

    2014-01-01

    Until recently, Danish policy interest in public procurement has mainly been driven by efficiency and cost-effectiveness concerns. Public-procurement policies have in general focused on the utilisation of economies of scale as a Means of achieving lower prices on goods and services. Attempts...... to develop mandatory procurement systems have also been gradually developing, while the focus on innovation has been relatively modest in Danish procurement policies until recently. This picture is currently changing, as several initiatives emphasising public procurement as a means of stimulating innovation...... have been launched. Whether this gradual change of focus in Danish procurement policies will make a deep and lasting impact on the role of public procurement as a driver for innovationis, however, yet an open question....

  14. Procurement Risk Management of an International EPC Project%国际总承包项目采购风险与管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓路; 张莉

    2012-01-01

    We do the system research on procurement risk management for an internat-iona of main risks including engineering, vendor, inflation response and actions have been provided risk identificatio EPC project in th , logistics and for n, analysis, response and monitoring of the e view of the contractor. Not only the analysis eign exchange has been made, but also the risk%从承包商的角度,对国际总承包项目采购的风险识别、风险分析、风险应对和风险监控进行了系统研究,重点分析了设计风险、供货商风险、设备材料价格上涨风险、物流运输风险、外汇交易风险等采购阶段的主要风险,并提出了应对措施。

  15. 高校政府采购的廉政风险和内部防控机制研究%On Integrity Risks and Internal Prevention-Control Mechanism of Government Procurement in Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈铨禄

    2014-01-01

    由于高校政府采购运行的特殊性,一般的外部监督机制对采购运行的各环节难以形成有效监管,容易形成制度的真空和廉政风险。如在立项决策环节,随意立项和规避政府采购;在实施招标环节,专门为特定投标人量身定造“萝卜标”;在合同签署环节,不严格按中标结果签定合同;在验收环节,违规降格验收,等等。因此,建立有效的防控机制,要根据“科学分权、适度限权、合理放权”的原则,从实践层面完善内部工作机制,从制度层面构建相应的监管措施。%Due to the special natures of government procurement operation in universities, it is easy to form the system vacuum and generate the integrity risks because the external supervision mechanism fails to provide effective supervision and management for all the procurement parts. For examples, the project is established randomly and government procurement is evaded during project approval. Tailor standards for a particular bidder in the implementation of a tender, do not sign a contract strictly according to the bidding results, and violate the relevant regulations or downgrade standards to accept a project during acceptance. Therefore, the internal operating mechanisms should be improved in practice and the appropriate regulatory measures should be constructed in system so as to establish an effective prevention and control mechanism based on the principles scientific decentralization, moderate restriction and reasonable devolution.

  16. Criteria in consultant selection: public procurement of architectural and engineering services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josefin Sporrong

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The competence, commitment and attitudes of design consultants strongly influence the quality and costs of built facilities. However, in the selection of professional services it is often difficult to specify and assess non-price criteria related to both firms and individual consultants. Therefore, clients traditionally rely on long term relations or recommendations from clients or colleagues. Public procurement regulation, however, restricts the use of such informal data. This study seeks to understand how procurers act to reconcile these conflicting demands.An explorative questionnaire survey distributed to Swedish municipalities investigates which selection criteria and information sources are used, as well as perceived difficulties and shortcomings related to consultancy procurement. Results show a high focus on price or more easily measured non-price criteria. This might limit the ability of municipal officials to evaluate consultant competence, especially aspects related to design and execution of projects. Furthermore, personal information sources are widely used, indicating a conflict between procurement practice and existing regulation. Unexpectedly, procurement officials were generally satisfied with their procurement practice. However, managers and more experienced procurers tend to be more satisfied than other officials. Satisfaction also appears to be connected to the existence of a procurement policy and more advanced selection methods. Keywords: public procurement, selection, consultants, Sweden

  17. Ethnic Diversity and Firms' Export Behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parrotta, Pierpaolo; Pozzoli, Dario; Sala, Davide

    2016-01-01

    Media are reporting of companies that are increasing the diversity of their workforce to expand their business internationally. This paper investigates whether these examples constitute pieces of evidence that diversity promotes firms' internationalization. Indeed, diverse companies are like a co...

  18. PROCUREMENT AND CONTRACT MANAGEMENT

    CERN Multimedia

    Training & Development Group; Linda Orr-Easo; Tel. 72460; Nathalie Dumeaux; Tel. 78144

    2001-01-01

    We are pleased to announce the launch of a new training on: Procurement and Contract Management (This seminar will be run by CERN experts in French or in English) Level 1 The aim is to raise awareness of the key issues involved. Date : 8 June 2001 This level is open to everyone. Participants should register via our Web page as soon as possible. Level 2 To develop the skills needed to effectively manage contracts, from the Technical, Commercial and Legal aspects. Dates : Three days, Autumn 2001 This Level is open to those who are/will be more directly responsible for procurement and contract management. Participants should have followed Level 1. For a description of the seminar, please consult:   Level 1: http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/MANCO/P9798/9-cm_e.htm Level 2: http://training.web.cern.ch/Training/MANCO/P9798/9-cm2_e.htm

  19. Procuring complex performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartmann, A.; Roehrich, J.; Frederiksen, Lars

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The paper analyses how public buyers transition from procuring single products and services to procuring complex performance (PCP). The aim is to examine the change in the interactions between buyer and supplier, the emergence of value co-creation and the capability development during...... the transition process. Design/methodology/approach – A multiple, longitudinal case study method is used to examine the transition towards PCP. The study deploys rich qualitative data sets by combining semi-structured interviews, focus group meetings and organisational reports and documents. Findings...... – The transition towards PCP can be best described as a learning process which cumulates the knowledge and experience in the client-supplier interaction accompanied by changing contractual and relational capabilities. In public infrastructure this process is not initially motivated by the benefits of value co...

  20. Defense Primer: Procurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-10

    provides funds to purchase major equipment. DOD classes procurement appropriations as nonconstruction-related investment costs, or the costs to acquire...capital assets, such as an F-35 Joint Strike Fighter or a Virginia-class submarine. Investment costs are distinguished from expenses, which are...4.6 Dept. of the Navy – Weapons $3.0 Remaining twelve titles $12.3 Total $107.5 Source: CRS analysis of FY2017 Public Budget Authority Database

  1. Transformation of Manufacturing Firms to Servitisation Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lin, Chih-Cheng; Ma, Zheng; Tanev, Stoyan

    2014-01-01

    It is crucial for the manufacturing SMEs to reconsider their business strategy in order to be able to launch customer-centric solutions. This ability is associated with a paradigm shift from a product-orientation to service-orientation. One of the major challenges to success in transforming...... a traditional manufacturing firm to service-oriented firms is the conspicuous lack of publications in this research stream. Applying a case study research approach, this study explores the transformation model for manufacturing SMEs to servitisation firms by adopting a network approach, and reveals...

  2. Transformation of Manufacturing Firms to Servitisation Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lin, Chih-Cheng; Ma, Zheng; Tanev, Stoyan

    2014-01-01

    a traditional manufacturing firm to service-oriented firms is the conspicuous lack of publications in this research stream. Applying a case study research approach, this study explores the transformation model for manufacturing SMEs to servitisation firms by adopting a network approach, and reveals......It is crucial for the manufacturing SMEs to reconsider their business strategy in order to be able to launch customer-centric solutions. This ability is associated with a paradigm shift from a product-orientation to service-orientation. One of the major challenges to success in transforming...

  3. Organ procurement from executed prisoners in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharif, A; Singh, M Fiatarone; Trey, T; Lavee, J

    2014-10-01

    Organ procurement from executed prisoners in China is internationally condemned, yet this practice continues unabated in 2014. This is despite repeated announcements from Chinese authorities that constructive measures have been undertaken to conform to accepted ethical standards. While there is unanimous agreement on the unethical nature of using organs from executed prisoners, due to its limitations on voluntary and informed consent, there is insufficient coverage of forced organ procurement from prisoners of conscience without consent. Strategies to influence positive change in China over the last few decades have failed to bring this practice to an end. While organ donation and transplantation services in China have undergone considerable structural changes in the last few years, fundamental attempts to shift practice to ethically sourced organs have floundered. In this article, we discuss the organ trade in China, reflect upon organ procurement from executed prisoners (including both capital prisoners and prisoners of conscience) and provide an overview of contradictory Chinese efforts to halt forced organ procurement from executed prisoners. Finally, we highlight current actions being taken to address this issue and offer comprehensive recommendations to bring this ethically indefensible practice to an immediate end.

  4. Performance of Patenting Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Strøjer; Smith, Valdemar; Nielsen, Anders Østergaard

    2000-01-01

    -patenting firms within the manufacturing sector in Denmark. Performance is measured both by growth in employment as well as in the return on equity and profit share in turnover. The results suggest that differences in performance of patenting and non-patenting firms are very small, which questions the political......Most countries focus on industries with high technology and the governments grant subsidies to innovating firms. However, there has been remarkable few studies of the performance of innovative firms or industries. This study examines the performance of patent active firms compared to the non...

  5. 国家新规范、新准则下医疗设备物资采购审计思路探析--基于采购与付款循环内部控制审计视角%Discussion on the audit idea of equipment and material procurement under the new specification and the new standard-based on the perspective of internal control audit of procurement and payment cycle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安宇; 张莹

    2015-01-01

    Objective:Discussing the audit idea of equipment and material procurement in health system under the latest requirements of the administrative institutions internal control specification and Chinese internal auditing standards.Methods: According to the specific requirements of the new specification and the new standard, combined with the practical work experience and the review of the literature, to discuss the audit idea of equipment and material procurement in health system, based on the perspective of internal control audit of procurement and payment cycle.Results: Systematic reviewing and standardized summarizing the procedure, content and method of the equipment and material procurement audit in health system were used.Conclusion: It has been found that audit of fine design under the new specification and the new standard could well improve the work quality and work effectiveness of the internal audit in health system.%目的:探讨行政事业单位内部控制规范以及在中国内部审计准则最新要求下卫生系统医疗设备物资采购审计思路。方法:按照国家新规范、新准则的具体要求,结合工作实践和文献查阅成果,基于采购与付款循环内部控制审计视角,探讨卫生系统医疗设备物资采购审计思路。结果:系统梳理、规范及总结卫生系统医疗设备物资采购审计的程序、内容及方法。结论:实践证明,国家新规范、新准则下审计的精细化设计,提升了卫生系统内部审计的工作质量和工作效率。

  6. Exploration of a theory of internal audit: a study on the theoretical foundations of internal audit in relation to the nature and the control systems of Dutch public listed firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Swinkels, W.H.A.

    2012-01-01

    Scandals have undermined investor confidence in the management of firms and drawn global attention to how Management Boards of public firms are in-control of their operations. These scandals cleared the way for corporate governance committees to define new requirements on the control systems of publ

  7. Exploration of a theory of internal audit: a study on the theoretical foundations of internal audit in relation to the nature and the control systems of Dutch public listed firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Swinkels, W.H.A.

    2012-01-01

    Scandals have undermined investor confidence in the management of firms and drawn global attention to how Management Boards of public firms are in-control of their operations. These scandals cleared the way for corporate governance committees to define new requirements on the control systems of publ

  8. Exploration of a theory of internal audit: a study on the theoretical foundations of internal audit in relation to the nature and the control systems of Dutch public listed firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Swinkels, W.H.A.

    2012-01-01

    Scandals have undermined investor confidence in the management of firms and drawn global attention to how Management Boards of public firms are in-control of their operations. These scandals cleared the way for corporate governance committees to define new requirements on the control systems of

  9. The Value Creation Logic and the Internationalisation of Internet Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blagoeva, Denitsa Hazarbassanova

    2016-01-01

    the way firms create value with their internationalisation. What theory best explains the internationalization of IFs seems contingent on what firms do. Practical implications: The message to practitioners is that international strategy not only can but also needs to be different across firms. It needs...

  10. 21 CFR 1303.12 - Procurement quotas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procurement quotas. 1303.12 Section 1303.12 Food... Procurement Quotas § 1303.12 Procurement quotas. (a) In order to determine the estimated needs for, and to... Administrator shall issue procurement quotas authorizing persons to procure and use quantities of each...

  11. Multicriteria analysis in public procurement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan T. Tošev

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The public procurement is one of the most important processes in modern company daily business. The quality of that process and its realization affect the overall company success and reputation. For that purpose, the management is obliged to prepare and carry out the procurement process carefully. The process is based on multicriteria tendering and the purpose of this paper is to present the analytical and hierarchical procurement methods in order to minimize failing in the selection and decision making process.

  12. Taxing the Financially Integrated Multinational Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannesen, Niels

    This paper develops a theoretical model of corporate taxation in the presence of financially integrated multinational firms. Under the assumption that multinational firms at least partly use internal loans to finance foreign investment, we find that the optimal corporate tax rate is positive from...... the perspective of a small, open economy. This finding contrasts the standard result that the optimal source based capital tax is zero. Intuitively, to the extent that multinational firms finance investment in country i with loans from affiliates in country j, the burden of corporate taxes in the latter country...... partly fall on investment and thus workers in the former country. This tax exporting mechanism introduces a scope for corporate taxes, which is not present in standard models of international taxation. Accounting for the internal capital markets of multinational firms thus represents a way to resolve...

  13. Global Sourcing of Heterogeneous Firms: Theory and Evidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohler, Wilhelm; Smolka, Marcel

    2015-01-01

    The share of international trade within firm boundaries varies greatly across countries. This column presents new evidence on how the productivity of a firm affects the choice between vertical integration and outsourcing, as well as between foreign and domestic sourcing. The productivity effects...... found in Spanish firm-level data suggest that contractual imperfections distort the sourcing of inputs in the global economy, and that firm boundaries emerge in response to mitigate this distortion....

  14. Global Sourcing of Heterogeneous Firms: Theory and Evidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohler, Wilhelm; Smolka, Marcel

    2015-01-01

    The share of international trade within firm boundaries varies greatly across countries. This column presents new evidence on how the productivity of a firm affects the choice between vertical integration and outsourcing, as well as between foreign and domestic sourcing. The productivity effects...... found in Spanish firm-level data suggest that contractual imperfections distort the sourcing of inputs in the global economy, and that firm boundaries emerge in response to mitigate this distortion....

  15. Kültürel Boyutlar Olarak İşletmelerde İçsel Bütünleşme ve Dışsal Odaklanma Düzeylerinin Performansa Etkileri = The Effects on the Managerial Performance of the Levels of Internal Integration and External Orientation as Cultural Dimensions Within the Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ercan ERGÜN

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available High performance companies, according to the previous literature on organizational culture, are assumed to pocess the two cultural characteristics namely internal integration and external orientation. In our study, we employed the concepts of "employee empowerment" and "core values" as the variables representing internal integration, and "creating change" and "shared vision" representing external orientation, and then we analyzed their impact on firm performance. Data collected from 124 manufacturing firms in the Gebze region have been analysed to test the hypotheses. As a result of this study, the factors found to be increasing the firm performance were the two variables of external orientation.

  16. Participação dos trabalhadores nos lucros e resultados das empresas: lições da experiência internacional Workers participation in profits and firm performance: lessons from the international experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Corrêa

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Resgata-se a evidência empírica internacional sobre efeitos de esquemas de participação dos trabalhadores nos lucros e resultados das empresas, o que permite mostrar que a experiência brasileira, ainda pouco estudada, oferece indícios que vão ao encontro das opiniões de que esses esquemas podem melhorar os indicadores das empresas que os adotam e as relações no ambiente de trabalho. Com base em dados sobre experiências de sucesso de alguns países, são apontadas algumas possíveis direções para onde o caso brasileiro poderia caminhar, sendo abordado inclusive o papel de políticas públicas de incentivo aos esquemas de participação.Having reviewed a large body of international empirical evidence on the impacts of schema of workers participation in profits and firm performance, it is shown that the less-studied Brazilian experience provides casual evidence that those schema are able to improve firms performance and labor relations inside the firm. Drawing upon evidence from some countries's successful experience, policy recommendations are advanced with respect to the Brazilian case.

  17. Thermodynamics of firms' growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zambrano, Eduardo; Hernando, Alberto; Hernando, Ricardo; Plastino, Angelo

    2015-01-01

    The distribution of firms' growth and firms' sizes is a topic under intense scrutiny. In this paper, we show that a thermodynamic model based on the maximum entropy principle, with dynamical prior information, can be constructed that adequately describes the dynamics and distribution of firms' growth. Our theoretical framework is tested against a comprehensive database of Spanish firms, which covers, to a very large extent, Spain's economic activity, with a total of 1 155 142 firms evolving along a full decade. We show that the empirical exponent of Pareto's law, a rule often observed in the rank distribution of large-size firms, is explained by the capacity of economic system for creating/destroying firms, and that can be used to measure the health of a capitalist-based economy. Indeed, our model predicts that when the exponent is larger than 1, creation of firms is favoured; when it is smaller than 1, destruction of firms is favoured instead; and when it equals 1 (matching Zipf's law), the system is in a full macroeconomic equilibrium, entailing ‘free’ creation and/or destruction of firms. For medium and smaller firm sizes, the dynamical regime changes, the whole distribution can no longer be fitted to a single simple analytical form and numerical prediction is required. Our model constitutes the basis for a full predictive framework regarding the economic evolution of an ensemble of firms. Such a structure can be potentially used to develop simulations and test hypothetical scenarios, such as economic crisis or the response to specific policy measures. PMID:26510828

  18. Immigration and Firm Expansion

    OpenAIRE

    William W. Olney

    2008-01-01

    Research generally focuses on how immigration affects native workers, while the impact of immigration on domestic firms is often overlooked. This paper addresses this important omission by examining whether firms respond to immigration by expanding their production activities within a city in order to utilize the abundant supply of low-skilled workers. Using data on immigration and the universe of establishments in U.S. cities, the results indicate that firms respond to immigration at the ext...

  19. Thermodynamics of firms' growth

    CERN Document Server

    Zambrano, Eduardo; Fernandez-Bariviera, Aurelio; Hernando, Ricardo; Plastino, Angelo

    2015-01-01

    The distribution of firms' growth and firms' sizes is a topic under intense scrutiny. In this paper we show that a thermodynamic model based on the Maximum Entropy Principle, with dynamical prior information, can be constructed that adequately describes the dynamics and distribution of firms' growth. Our theoretical framework is tested against a comprehensive data-base of Spanish firms, which covers to a very large extent Spain's economic activity with a total of 1,155,142 firms evolving along a full decade. We show that the empirical exponent of Pareto's law, a rule often observed in the rank distribution of large-size firms, is explained by the capacity of the economic system for creating/destroying firms, and can be used to measure the health of a capitalist-based economy. Indeed, our model predicts that when the exponent is larger that 1, creation of firms is favored; when it is smaller that 1, destruction of firms is favored instead; and when it equals 1 (matching Zipf's law), the system is in a full mac...

  20. Which firms use measures?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Esben Rahbek Gjerdrum; Sudzina, Frantisek

    2012-01-01

    measurement practices. Design/methodology/approach – This paper hypothesises that firms dominated by organic capabilities and operating in unpredictable markets are more likely to adopt comprehensive PM systems. The statistical test of these hypotheses is based on a 2008 survey of 299 Danish firms. Findings....... Originality/value – Much has been said about how changes in the environment and business structure require firms to develop new ways to measure performance. Less has been done to study whether firms adopting comprehensive PM systems actually match the characteristics of the “new economy”. The findings from...

  1. EXPLORATORY STUDY OF E-PROCUREMENT ADOPTION IN INDIAN AND CHINESE COMPANIES: CASE STUDY WITH INNOVATION APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijaykumar R. Salkute

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Adoption of an E-procurement system offers a company many benefits in terms of tremendous cost savings and efficiency in procurement process. Therefore, E-procurement is constantly receiving lots of attention from companies in global markets. Although the benefits of e-procurement are plenty, the reality is that it is not being adapted to the much extent in developing countries. However, Indian and Chinese companies are planning to successfully adopt strategic approach for adopting e-procurement systems. Since the compatibility of e-procurement is somewhat barrier for implementation and integration of existing infrastructure, however in reality the cost savings are overpowering the risks. The present study explores how the tangible benefits and risks associated to e-procurement affect the e-procurement adoption and further explores the impact of e-procurement adoption in India and China. By using Indian and Chine firms, the results show that cost benefit is the main driver for companies to adopt e-procurement in India.

  2. Uzbekistan : Country Procurement Assessment Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2003-01-01

    Uzbekistan inherited the Soviet system for the procurement of goods, works and services for State needs. This system was suitable for a command economy but lacks the essential elements of competitiveness, transparency and accountability, which are the hallmarks of a market-based approach to government contracting. This Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) comes at a time when a num...

  3. International project marketing: an introduction to the INPM approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaates, Maria Anne; Tikkanen, Henrikki

    2003-01-01

    Projects are often sold and procured. Therefore this paper reviews recent contributions of the International Network for Project Marketing and Systems Selling (INPM), emphasising the connection between the business relationships of individual projects and the wider environment in which project ma...... that project-selling firms can adopt in relation to their marketing activities. Finally, we make some suggestions for practitioners responsible for marketing projects and discuss avenues for future academic work in project marketing.......Projects are often sold and procured. Therefore this paper reviews recent contributions of the International Network for Project Marketing and Systems Selling (INPM), emphasising the connection between the business relationships of individual projects and the wider environment in which project...... marketing takes place. First, we discuss various definitions of projects and project marketing. Second, we consider the implications of three specific features of project business--discontinuity, uniqueness, and complexity--over multiple projects. Third, we assess three overlapping types of postures...

  4. Taxing the Financially Integrated Multinational Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannesen, Niels

    This paper develops a theoretical model of corporate taxation in the presence of financially integrated multinational firms. Under the assumption that multinational firms at least partly use internal loans to finance foreign investment, we find that the optimal corporate tax rate is positive from...... the tension between standard theory predicting zero capital taxes and the casual observation that countries tend to employ corporate taxes at fairly high rates....

  5. Strong Firms Lobby, Weak Firms Bribe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Morten; Feldmann, Sven E.; Lassen, David Dreyer

    that are larger, older, exporting, government-owned, are widely held and/or have fewer competitors, have more political influence, perceive corruption to be less of a problem and pay bribes less often; (c) influence increases sales and government subsidies and in general makes the firm have a more positive view...

  6. Foreign Firms, Domestic Wages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Schjerning, Bertel; R. Markusen, James

    2013-01-01

    Three types of theories have been used to explain the wage premium in foreign firms: the theories of heterogeneous workers, heterogeneous learning, and heterogeneous firms. We set up a model that explicitly encompasses two of these theories, and that can illustrate the third. This unifying....... In particular, the theory of heterogeneous workers can explain up to 75 percent of the premium....

  7. Foreign Firms, Domestic Wages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Markusen, James R.; Schjerning, Bertel

    large domestic firms. The empirical implications of the model are tested on matched employer-employee data from Denmark. Consistent with the theory, we find considerable evidence of higher wages and wage growth in large and/or foreign-owned firms. These effects survive controlling for individual...

  8. Foreign Firms, Domestic Wages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Schjerning, Bertel; R. Markusen, James

    2013-01-01

    Three types of theories have been used to explain the wage premium in foreign firms: the theories of heterogeneous workers, heterogeneous learning, and heterogeneous firms. We set up a model that explicitly encompasses two of these theories, and that can illustrate the third. This unifying framew...

  9. The market for firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davis, Jerome Dean; Keiding, Hans

    2010-01-01

    and as a consequence a higher sales value of the firm. Buyers take this signaling into consideration, but irrespective of their countermoves, the equilib- rium result may be a lowering of ex ante product prices, and an ex post market overvaluation of the firm. This model is utilized to suggest possible explanations...

  10. Entry Mode and Performance of Nordic Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wulff, Jesper

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates whether the relationship between mode of international market entry and non-location bound international experience is weaker for firms that are large or have a high foreign to total sales ratio, labeled multinational experience. Empirical evidence based on 250 foreign...... market entries made by Norwegian, Danish and Swedish firms suggests that the association between equity mode choice and non-location bound international experience diminishes in the presence of higher levels of multinational experience. Furthermore, firms whose entry mode choice is predicted by the model...... including the proposed moderating effect, on average, yield higher post-entry performance. This study sheds light on inconsistent results found in previous research investigating the impact of international experience and has practical implications for managerial decision-making....

  11. Handbook for preparation of Individual Procurement Action Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    The Procurement and Assistance Data System (PADS) provides a mechanism for collecting, assembling, organizing, and presenting acquisition and assistance data for the Department of Energy (DOE). This handbook and associated documents establish a uniform system to report acquisition/assistance data to PADS for the collection, processing, and dissemination of official statistical data on the Department`s acquisition and assistance actions. The data provides, based on information available at the time of request, a basis for any recurring and special reports to the senior procurement executive, Congress, General Accounting Office (GAO), Federal executive agencies, Office of management and Budget (OMB), and the general public. It provides information for measuring and assessing the extent to which small business firms and small disadvantages business enterprises are sharing in DOE placement, and for other acquisition and assistance policy and management control purposes. The Handbook for the Preparation of the Individual Procurement Action Report (IPAR) has been designed in two sections; Procurement and Financial Assistance to support the individual forms.

  12. Legal aspects of Joint Pre-Commercial Procurements: from modeling to implementation

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    The delivery of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) services is changing fundamentally. Cloud-based services are replacing traditional local - or on-premises - software and infrastructure installations for many public sector organisations. This applies to government but also to public research organisations, including libraries, which currently deal with the outburst of big data and the need for additional computing capacity. While technology service options continue to evolve, procurement processes and policies have remained firmly rooted in historical practices that are no longer effective. In order for public research organisations of all sizes to take advantage of the best solutions the market has to offer nowadays, a more flexible and agile procurement process must be created and implemented. The objective of this presentation is to review strategies and tips in order to help procurers implement and publish a Joint Pre-Commercial Procurement tender; including: General legal framework of PC...

  13. Corporate Diversification and Firm Performance: Evidence from Asian Hotel Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ooi Chai-Aun

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The unstable environment of hotel industry which is driven by the fluctuation of tourism demand has motivated this study to look into the best diversification strategy for firm performance betterment. 42 hotel firms are investigated across 4 Asian economies, from year 2001 to 2012. Our results suggest that unrelated industrial diversification is the only alternative to improve hotel firm performance. Unrelated international diversification instead has a significant negative effect towards firm performance. Our results further show that board of directors implies a significant link to the relationship between diversification and firm performance, only in a crisis period.

  14. Corruption and firm performance: Evidence from Greek firms

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    This article investigates the relationship between corruption and firm performance in Greece using firm level data. Corruption is overall negatively associated with firm size and growth at the firm level. We focus on the effect of ‘administrative corruption’, whereby firms engage in corrupt practices and bribery of government officials. We contrast the firm experience of corruption and the contextual experience of corruption at the sectoral level and find that the latter, contextual corruptio...

  15. Procurement Under The UNCITRAL Model Law: A Southern Africa Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen De La Harpe

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In Africa, economic integration, realised through regional integration, is seen as one of the driving factors that will improve the lives of its people. To enable regionalisation, economic growth and to unlock the potential of Africa its infrastructure will have to be improved. Infrastructure will on the whole be realised through public procurement. The stages for opening up procurement markets, referred to by Yukins and Schooner, is discussed and it is concluded that the states in SADC is still in the initial stages of opening its public procurement markets for regional competition. Although COMESA is not yet in full compliance with all four the stages great strides have been made and have elements of all stages been addressed. Because of the influence the Model Law has already played in COMESA, and the rest of Africa, it would be contra productive should SADC not take the same route as COMESA. If regard is had to the four categories of procurement rules that serves as barriers to national procurement markets, as set out by Arrowsmith it is clear that all of these are present in most SADC member states. Also in the case of COMESA these barriers still exist albeit to a lesser extent. What is necessary is a phased approach to address all of these barriers. This will be possible under the UNCITRAL Model Law as the 2011 Model Law does provide for the possibility of complying with international obligations and for states to allow for socio economic objectives in their procurement regimes. There can be little doubt that the 1994 Model Law has already had a marked influence on public procurement regulation in Africa and that the 2011 Model Law will in future continue to do so. Public procurement is essential for economic development and is the integration and harmonisation thereof on a regional basis the first step In this regard SADC, and especially South Africa, has an important role to play.

  16. Entrepreneurship and the Economic Theory of the Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    ; and theboundaries of the firm, as well as aspects of internal organization, may be understood as beingresponsive to entrepreneurial processes of experimentation.Key words: Entrepreneurship, heterogeneous assets, judgment, ownership, firm boundaries,internal organization.JEL Codes: B53, D23, L2...

  17. 49 CFR 19.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement records. 19.46 Section 19.46 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND... Requirements Procurement Standards § 19.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases...

  18. 32 CFR 553.11 - Procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Procurement. 553.11 Section 553.11 National... CEMETERIES ARMY NATIONAL CEMETERIES § 553.11 Procurement. Cemetery supplies and services will be procured in accordance with the provisions of the Armed Services Procurement Regulation (ASPR) and the Army...

  19. 38 CFR 49.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 49..., HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 49.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small purchase...

  20. 15 CFR 14.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procurement records. 14.46 Section 14... COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 14.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold shall...

  1. 32 CFR 32.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 32.46 Section 32.46..., HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 32.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the simplified...

  2. 36 CFR 1210.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 1210.46... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 1210.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the...

  3. 32 CFR 203.13 - Procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement. 203.13 Section 203.13 National....13 Procurement. Procurements will be conducted as purchase orders in accordance with the FAR (48 CFR part 13). Under these procedures, procurements not exceeding $100,000 are reserved exclusively...

  4. 28 CFR 70.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 70.46 Section 70.46...-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 70.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small purchase threshold must include...

  5. 7 CFR 1780.72 - Procurement methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procurement methods. 1780.72 Section 1780.72..., Constructing and Inspections § 1780.72 Procurement methods. Procurement shall be made by one of the following... procurement method for construction contracts. (a) Small purchase procedures. Small purchase procedures...

  6. 24 CFR 84.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procurement records. 84.46 Section... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 84.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small...

  7. 22 CFR 226.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procurement records. 226.46 Section 226.46...-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-award Requirements Procurement Standards § 226.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small purchase threshold shall include...

  8. 45 CFR 74.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement records. 74.46 Section 74.46 Public..., AND COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 74.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold shall...

  9. 22 CFR 228.40 - Local procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Local procurement. 228.40 Section 228.40... COMMODITIES AND SERVICES FINANCED BY USAID Conditions Governing Source and Nationality of Local Procurement Transactions for USAID Financing § 228.40 Local procurement. Local procurement in the cooperating...

  10. 40 CFR 35.6565 - Procurement methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement methods. 35.6565 Section 35... Actions Procurement Requirements Under A Cooperative Agreement § 35.6565 Procurement methods. The... purchase procedures are those relatively simple and informal procurement methods for securing...

  11. 14 CFR 1260.146 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procurement records. 1260.146 Section 1260... Higher Education, Hospitals, and Other Non-Profit Organizations Procurement Standards § 1260.146 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small purchase...

  12. 22 CFR 145.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procurement records. 145.46 Section 145.46... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 145.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small...

  13. 40 CFR 30.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 30.46 Section 30..., HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 30.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the small purchase...

  14. 7 CFR 3019.46 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procurement records. 3019.46 Section 3019.46... HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Procurement Standards § 3019.46 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the...

  15. Annual Procurement Report, Fiscal Year 1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    This report presents summary data on all NASA procurement actions and detailed information on contracts, grants, agreements, and other procurements over $25,000 awarded by NASA during Fiscal Year 1997. The dollar value on procurements over $25,000 amounted to 98 percent of the total dollar value of procurement actions completed during Fiscal Year 1997. However, these larger procurements accounted for only 43 percent of the total actions. Procurement action, as used in this report means contractual actions to obtain supplies, services or construction which increase or decrease funds. A procurement action thus may be a new procurement or modifications such as supplemental agreements, change orders, or termination's to an existing contract that change the total amount of funds obligated. An obligation is a contractual commitment to pay for supplies or services that are specified in the contract. The Annual Procurement Report is also available via the internet on the Procurement homepage.

  16. Global Sourcing and Firm Selection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohler, Wilhelm; Smolka, Marcel

    2014-01-01

    We analyze the sourcing strategies of firms active in the Spanish manufacturing sector. We show that firms that select strategies of vertical integration and of foreign sourcing ex post tend to have been more productive, ex ante, than other firms.......We analyze the sourcing strategies of firms active in the Spanish manufacturing sector. We show that firms that select strategies of vertical integration and of foreign sourcing ex post tend to have been more productive, ex ante, than other firms....

  17. E-procurement in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidalgo, Julio Villalobos; Orrit, Joan; Villalobos, Juan Pablo

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the history, current status, advantages of and opposition to the implementation of e-procurement in hospitals and examines the results of its implementation in a psychiatric hospital.

  18. PROMIS (Procurement Management Information System)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    The PROcurement Management Information System (PROMIS) provides both detailed and summary level information on all procurement actions performed within NASA's procurement offices at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). It provides not only on-line access, but also schedules procurement actions, monitors their progress, and updates Forecast Award Dates. Except for a few computational routines coded in FORTRAN, the majority of the systems is coded in a high level language called NATURAL. A relational Data Base Management System called ADABAS is utilized. Certain fields, called descriptors, are set up on each file to allow the selection of records based on a specified value or range of values. The use of like descriptors on different files serves as the link between the falls, thus producing a relational data base. Twenty related files are currently being maintained on PROMIS.

  19. Process view on Law of Public Procurement

    OpenAIRE

    Liška, Ondřej

    2016-01-01

    This study contains groups of tasks for public procurement contracts in reference model Management Business Informatics (MBI). The tasks are sorted in chronological order in regard of procedure of public procurement contracts. The tasks contain new law on public procurement contracts, elaborated in the procedural point of view, and are complemented with a best practice. Process view in the reference model is intended for public procurers. It enables for the public procurer that he can have be...

  20. Firms, crowds, and innovation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felin, Teppo; Lakhani, Karim R; Tushman, Michael L

    2017-05-01

    The purpose of this article is to suggest a (preliminary) taxonomy and research agenda for the topic of "firms, crowds, and innovation" and to provide an introduction to the associated special issue. We specifically discuss how various crowd-related phenomena and practices-for example, crowdsourcing, crowdfunding, user innovation, and peer production-relate to theories of the firm, with particular attention on "sociality" in firms and markets. We first briefly review extant theories of the firm and then discuss three theoretical aspects of sociality related to crowds in the context of strategy, organizations, and innovation: (1) the functions of sociality (sociality as extension of rationality, sociality as sensing and signaling, sociality as matching and identity), (2) the forms of sociality (independent/aggregate and interacting/emergent forms of sociality), and (3) the failures of sociality (misattribution and misapplication). We conclude with an outline of future research directions and introduce the special issue papers and essays.

  1. The New EU Public Procurement Directives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    , transparency requirements, competitive dialogue, framework agreements, use of social and environmental criteria, Partnering and Public Private Partnerships and concessions. This book contains contributions based on presentations given by a number of the international and Danish speakers at the conference........ On 4-5 November 2004 the Copenhagen Business School organised a European research conference on the new directives. The conference focused on a number of topics which are of particular interest within the field of procurement law in EU these years, including ECJ case law, utilities, electronic auctions...

  2. The Multinational Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morgan, Glenn; Hull Kristensen, Peer; Whitley, Richard

    In contrast to the traditional view of multinational firms as cohesive rational actors maximizing the use of resources across national boundaries, the contributors to this volume argue that they are complex social arenas where competing groups draw on resources from their own socially......-embedded locations in developing new transnational social relationships. As firms seek to manage across national and institutional boundaries, they stretch their existing capacities and routines and develop new sets of transnational social relationships through different groups competing and cooperating...

  3. Human rights violations in organ procurement practice in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, Norbert W; Caplan, Arthur; Shapiro, Michael E; Els, Charl; Allison, Kirk C; Li, Huige

    2017-02-08

    Over 90% of the organs transplanted in China before 2010 were procured from prisoners. Although Chinese officials announced in December 2014 that the country would completely cease using organs harvested from prisoners, no regulatory adjustments or changes in China's organ donation laws followed. As a result, the use of prisoner organs remains legal in China if consent is obtained. We have collected and analysed available evidence on human rights violations in the organ procurement practice in China. We demonstrate that the practice not only violates international ethics standards, it is also associated with a large scale neglect of fundamental human rights. This includes organ procurement without consent from prisoners or their families as well as procurement of organs from incompletely executed, still-living prisoners. The human rights critique of these practices will also address the specific situatedness of prisoners, often conditioned and traumatized by a cascade of human rights abuses in judicial structures. To end the unethical practice and the abuse associated with it, we suggest to inextricably bind the use of human organs procured in the Chinese transplant system to enacting Chinese legislation prohibiting the use of organs from executed prisoners and making explicit rules for law enforcement. Other than that, the international community must cease to abet the continuation of the present system by demanding an authoritative ban on the use of organs from executed Chinese prisoners.

  4. Value Creation Logics and Internationalization of Service Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Petersen, Bent

    2014-01-01

    While mainstream theories in international business and management are founded either explicitly or implicitly on studies of manufacturing firms, prior attempts to develop theory on the internationalization of service firms are sparse and have yet to establish solid and comprehensive frameworks...... on a thorough understanding of the fundamental nature of these firms. We put forward ten propositions concerning the pace of internationalization in service firms and the dominant foreign operation modes. The use of value creation logics can be a useful complement to the conventional approaches to the study...... of service firms’ internationalization. However, the fact that most firms encompass more than one value creation logic complicates the use of firm databases and industry statistics. The study presents a novel theoretical approach and a set of propositions on service firm internationalization founded...

  5. 加强企业内部管理促进采购人员“职业道德”建设%Strengthening Corporation Internal Management to Promote the Construction of "Professional Ethics" of Procurement Staff

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田昌奇

    2012-01-01

    以往采购被视为“用钱买货”这样简单而孤立的活动,随着人们对采购活动认识的提升,采购活动中的“灰色区域”日益受到广泛的关注,采购员职业道德建设也逐渐被提上议事日程.%Procurement is previously regarded as simple and isolated event of "using money to buy goods", as the raising of people's awareness of procurement activities, "gray area" is also increasingly widespread concern in the procurement activities, and buyers' construction of professional ethics are increasingly raised the agenda.

  6. Determinants of Firm R&D

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tingvall, Patrick Gustavsson; Poldahl, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    how international and domestic inter- and intra-industry technology spillovers affect firm R&D but also the relatively unexplored issue of how relationship-specific interactions between buyer and seller affect such spillovers. We find international technology spillovers to be larger and more...... significant than domestic inter- and intra-industry spillovers. Moreover, relationship-specific interactions between seller and buyer enhance technology spillovers in general and international spillovers in particular....

  7. 高管薪酬的外部不公平、内部差距与企业绩效%The External Unfairness, Internal Gap of Executive Compensation and Firm Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄辉

    2012-01-01

    be directly related to the contribution of the managers with different positions, oversized or undersized salary gap cannot reflect the fairness of the salary. Therefore, the fairness of the executive compensation should be embodied in the external fairness of salary level and the reasonable internal salary gap of salary structure, and the level and structure of salary are interconnected and interaction. When we study the effect of compensation incentive, it is necessary to synthetically take into account the external fairness and internal salary gap, which can affect executive action and firm performance. Based on the panel data of Chinese listed companies from 2004 to 2010, this paper measured the reasonable compensation of each sample enterprise and the external salary unfairness by different industry model, empirically tested the impact on firm performance by positive and negative external unfairness, and discussed the linkage effect of external salary unfairness and internal salary gap to the enterprise performance. The empirical results show that: the positive external unfairness is significantly positive related to firm performance while the negative external unfairness is just contrary ; the external unfairness can significantly decrease the incentive effect of internal pay gap in sample firms in which the external unfairness is positive, and there is substitution effect between the external unfair- ness and the internal gap in sample firms in which the external unfairness is negative. The fairness perception originated from social comparison including inside and outside organizations, this paper studied the effect of compensation incentive from fairness, especially considered both the internal salary gap and external fairness, and the results of this paper are robustness, which can offer an import foundation for government and firm to design rational compensation system and incentive mechanism. In addition, this paper has furthered the study on incentive

  8. Executive compensation and firm performance: Evidence from Indian firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehul Raithatha

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The study examines the relationship between executive compensation and firm performance among Indian firms. The evidence suggests that firm performance measured by accounting, as well as market-based measures, significantly affects executive compensation. We also test for the presence of persistence in executive compensation by employing the system-generalised methods of moments (GMM estimator. We find significant persistence in executive compensation among the sample firms. Further, we report the absence of pay–performance relationship among the smaller sample firms and business group affiliated firms. Thus, our findings cast doubts over the performance-based executive compensation practices of Indian business group affiliated firms.

  9. Business alignment in the procurement domain: a study of antecedents and determinants of supply chain performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Mikalef

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available With organizations now placing an increasing amount on attention on the management of their supply chain activities, the role of Information Technology (IT in supporting these operations has been put in the spotlight. In spite of extensive research examining how IT can be employed in various activities of supply chain management, the majority of studies are limited in identifying enablers and inhibitors of adoption. Empirical studies examining post-adoption conditions that facilitate performance improvement still remain scarce. In this study we focus on procurement as part of the supply chain management activities. We apply the business-IT alignment perspective to the domain of procurement, and examine how certain organizational factors impact the attainment of this state. Additionally, we research the effect that procurement alignment has on supply chain management performance. In order to do so, we apply Partial Least Squares (PLS analysis on a sample of 172 European companies. We find that firms that opt for a centralized governance structure, as well as larger firms, are more likely to attain a state of procurement alignment. Furthermore, our results empirically support the statement that procurement alignment is positively correlated with operational efficiency and competitive performance of the supply chain.

  10. 75 FR 2491 - Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms Program Fiscal Year 2009 Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-15

    ... Adjustment Assistance Centers' goal is to help U.S. firms increase profitability and retain employees while.../customer diversification server improvement bar coding brand recognition/ CRM and PM software financial... customer communication government procurement enhance testing and marketing/advertising tools...

  11. IMPACT OF FINANCIAL CRISIS ON CONSTRUCTION FIRM`S COST OF CAPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schiau (Macavei Laura Liana

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The average cost of debt is negatively related with size, tangibility, firm growth, the leverage ratio, and the ratio of long- to short-term debt and positively to profitability. We find that the recent international crisis did have a significant impact on the set of firms in our sample, but affected the way in which leverage and the interest to debt ratio relate to firm fundamentals. In this article, we want to study the impact of financial crisis on the cost of capital using a sample of construction companies.

  12. Vertical Relations Between Firms and Innovation: An Empirical Investigation of German Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Harabi, Najib

    1997-01-01

    The surge in interfirm cooperative agreements can be seen as expressing a way for firms to respond to and to organize market failure, especially in technology markets. The incentives of firms to internalize activities are to avoid the disadvantages, or capitalize on the advantages, of imperfections or disequilibria in external mechanisms of resource allocations. The purpose of this paper is to investigate empirically the occurrence and importance of different modes of vertical relations betwe...

  13. PROCUREMENT INSOURCING VS. PROCUREMENT OUTSOURCING: EVIDENCE FROM SERBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slobodan Acimovic

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important strategic decisions of a company is to choose whether to insource or outsource a particular group of activities or a business function. The trend of outsourcing those activities which do not form a part of the company core competences is becoming more and more present in business practice. The aim of the analysis within this paper is to review the mentioned trend from the position of organizing the company procurement activities. The analysis shows that there is no unique trend concerning outsourcing all logistics activities, which do not form a part of the company core competences. Unlike the majority of other logistics activities, which as non-basic, tend to be outsourced, procurement dominantly stays insourced. Finally, based on the empirical evidence obtained from a survey carried out among 52 companies in Serbia, it is concluded that even if procurement is outsourced, this trend is more present among service than production companies.

  14. THE BARRIERS OF IMPLEMENTING E-PROCUREMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corina Pop Sitar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of e-procurement has many different meanings ranging from shopping on theinternet (through reverse auction to collaborative initiatives taking place in virtualmeetings. There are many forms of e-procurement that can be found in the literature. In thispaper we define the most important forms of e-procurement. Next, we present the mainbarriers of implementing an e-procurement found in the literature. Furthermore, we presenta matrix with the main barriers of e-procurement classified in four main categories. Finally,we elaborated for managers some guidelines in order to overcome the barriers ofimplementing e-procurement.

  15. Analysis Therapeutic Effect of Firm Internal Fixation in the Oral and Maxillofacial Trauma%分析坚定内固定术在口腔颌面部创伤治疗中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐永刚; 余西江

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析坚定内固定术在口腔颌面部创伤治疗中的作用。方法选取我院坚定内固定术的口腔颌面部创伤患者80例,给予坚定内固定术治疗。结果所有患者愈合良好,未出现感染等迹象,术后咬合情况良好,未出现钛板松动。结论治疗口腔额面部损伤采用坚定内固定术治疗效果好,术后恢复良好。%Objective To analysis the role of ifrm internal ifxation in the treatment of oral and maxillofacial trauma. Methods Selected 80 cases with ifrm ifxation of maxillofacial injuries in our hospital, provided ifrm internal fixation for the treatment. Results All patients healed well, no infection and other signs, occlusion operation was good, did not appear loosening. Conclusion The treatment of oral facial injury by firm internal fixation treatment effect is good, a good recovery after operation .

  16. Modern Competitive Strategy Firm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    František Bartes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with problems of an ever increasing number of cases of successful application of old combat strategies in business practice. Nevertheless, the author refuses the so called “direct conflict“ of firms, when it is really fought for victory on the market. His approach is based on the philosophy of “victory without fight“, in other words – of achieving the aim without direct conflict with the rival firm.In the end he comes to the conclusion that combat philosophies are more and more often incorporated into classical approach of strategic firm control and become the integral part of philosophy of management. At the close happens to opinion that the one from basic factors absolutely necessary to creation such strategy at company, is necessary present so-called „creative intelligence“.

  17. Innovation in Family Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filser, Matthias; Brem, Alexander; Gast, Johanna

    2016-01-01

    Over the past decade, research on innovation in family firms has received growing attention by scholars and practitioners around the globe with a wide range of aspects explored within the current body of literature. Despite the constantly growing number of scientific publications, research lacks...... a comprehensive and critical review of past and present research achievements. First, conducting a bibliometric analysis with a focus on innovation in family firms, we identify five topical clusters that help to understand the foundations of recent findings: namely ownership and governance, structural settings......, organizational culture and behaviour, resources, and innovation and strategy. Second, based on a thorough literature review the major research avenues are reflected. The comparison of the results of both analyses showed the following areas for future research on family firm innovation: members‘ individual human...

  18. Opto-mechanical assembly procurement for the National Ignition Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    House, W; Simon, T

    1999-07-01

    A large number of the small optics procurements for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) will be in the form of completely assembled, tested, and cleaned subsystems. These subsystems will be integrated into the NIF at LLNL. To accomplish this task, the procurement packages will include, optical and mechanical drawings, acceptance test and cleanliness requirements. In January 1999, the first such integrated opto-mechanical assembly was received and evaluated at LLNL. With the successful completion of this important trial procurement, we were able to establish the viability of purchasing clean, ready to install, opto-mechanical assemblies from vendors within the optics industry. 32 vendors were chosen from our supplier database for quote, then five were chosen to purchase from. These five vendors represented a cross section of the optics industry. From a ''value'' catalog supplier (that did the whole job internally) to a partnership between three specialty companies, these vendors demonstrated they have the ingenuity and capability to deliver cost competitive, NIF-ready, opto- mechanical assemblies. This paper describes the vendor selection for this procurement, technical requirements including packaging, fabrication, coating, and cleanliness specifications, then testing and verification. It also gives real test results gathered from inspections performed at LLNL that show how our vendors scored on the various requirements. Keywords: Opto-Mechanical, assembly, NIF, packaging, shipping, specifications, procurement, MIL-STD-1246C, surface cleanliness

  19. A FRAMEWORK FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF E-PROCUREMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.V. Jooste

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: e-Procurement is a sound solution for companies to initiate e-business initiatives since it promises several distinct benefits, such as process cost and lead time reduction, improving strategic sourcing of commodities and enabling companies to negotiate better prices. Procurement is a broad term that touches on internal and external aspects of the company, complicating the decision to choose the most suitable e-procurement solution. An evaluation framework is proposed to assist in evaluating the susceptibility of a company’s products to e-procurement and choosing the most suitable e-procurement solution.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: e-Verkryging is ‘n goeie beginpunt vir maatskappye om hulle aan e-besigheid bloot te stel aangesien dit verskeie voordele soos proseskoste en leitydvermindering, verbetering van strategiese aanskaffing van produkte en die vermoë om beter pryse met verskaffers te onderhandel, beloof. Verkryging is ‘n breë term wat heelwat aspekte binne en buite die onderneming behels. Dit bemoeilik die besluit om die mees geskikte e-verkryging-oplossing te kies. ’n Evalueringsraamwerk word voorgestel ter ondersteuning van die evaluering van die ontvanklikheid van ‘n onderneming se produkte vir e-verkryging en die keuse van die mees geskikte e-verkrygingoplossing.

  20. The Role of E-Procurement in the Austrian Construction Industry: Adoption Rate, Benefits and Barriers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zunk, Bernd; Marchner, Martin; Uitz, Iris; Lerch, Carina; Schiele, Holger

    2014-01-01

    The progressive developments force suppliers on efficiency-driven construction markets to reorganize their internal organization. Especially the complex and not standardized procurement process holds high cost reduction potential. To exploit this potential, suppliers need to understand the purchasin

  1. The Role of E-Procurement in the Austrian Construction Industry: Adoption Rate, Benefits and Barriers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zunk, Bernd Markus; Marchner, Martin; Uitz, Iris; Lerch, Carina; Schiele, Holger

    2014-01-01

    The progressive developments force suppliers on efficiency-driven construction markets to reorganize their internal organization. Especially the complex and not standardized procurement process holds high cost reduction potential. To exploit this potential, suppliers need to understand the

  2. Collaborative Communities of Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    Both small and medium-size entrepreneurial firms face liabilities such as resource scarcity and scale diseconomies, making it difficult for them to innovate on a continuous basis. In response, experimentation with new ways of organizing for innovation has increased. One successful result is an or......Both small and medium-size entrepreneurial firms face liabilities such as resource scarcity and scale diseconomies, making it difficult for them to innovate on a continuous basis. In response, experimentation with new ways of organizing for innovation has increased. One successful result...

  3. Procurement of public sports service by government international experience and Chinaˊs promotion path%政府购买公共体育服务的国际经验与我国推进路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹兴永

    2015-01-01

    The developed countries have made much experience in government procurement of public sports services and can provide important reference and help for China.To promote the development of Chinaˊs governmental procurement of public sports services,it is required to focus on institution construction and promote the standardization and scientization of the procurement;to make a steady expansion of the procurement scope and manner of by taking sports management system as a break-through;to constantly promote the maturation and development of subjects that undertake the pro-curement by developing nonprofit sports organizations;to improve the development of public sports service market by strengthening the orientation of government publicity and policy making.%发达国家在政府购买公共体育服务方面取得了很多重要经验,可以给我国提供重要的借鉴与帮助。要促进我国政府购买公共体育服务的发展,必须以制度建设为重点,尽快促进我国政府购买公共体育服务的规范化、科学化;以体育管理体制改革为突破口,稳步扩大购买的范围和方式;以培育体育非营利组织为依托,不断促进承接主体的成熟和发展;以强化政府宣传与政策制定为导向,不断促进公共体育服务市场的发展。

  4. NASA Procurement Career Development Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    The NASA Procurement Career Development Program establishes an agency-wide framework for the management of career development activity in the procurement field. Within this framework, installations are encouraged to modify the various components to meet installation-specific mission and organization requirements. This program provides a systematic process for the assessment of and planning for the development, training, and education required to increase the employees' competence in the procurement work functions. It includes the agency-wide basic knowledge and skills by career field and level upon which individual and organizational development plans are developed. Also, it provides a system that is compatible with other human resource management and development systems, processes, and activities. The compatibility and linkage are important in fostering the dual responsibility of the individual and the organization in the career development process.

  5. Human Capital and Wages in Exporting Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Jakob Roland; Rose Skaksen, Jan

    2008-01-01

    This paper studies the link between the education level of workers, export performance and wages. We argue that firms may escape intense competition in international markets by using high skilled workers to differentiate their products. This story is consistent with our empirical results. Using a...

  6. Debt and taxes for private firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bartholdy, Jan; Mateus, Cèsario

    2011-01-01

    This paper tests for "pecking order" financing of small and medium size firms. The main sources and "pecking order" of financing for SMEs are equity (internally generated cash), trade credit paid on time, credit provided by institutions such as banks and leasing companies, other sources of debt...

  7. Alliance Performance of Dutch Biotech Firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Garbade, P.; Fortuin, F.T.J.M.; Omta, S.W.F.

    2011-01-01

    In the biotechnology sector small R&D intensive firms play a fundamental role to keep innovation rates high. With less bureaucratic burdens, low level of hierarchy and high internal flexibility they are able to move fast and to make most efficient use of unique competences. Still their shortage

  8. Framework agreements in public procurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andrecka, Marta; Telles, Pedro

    2015-01-01

    Interview with Dr. Marta Andrecka, Postdoctoral Fellow at the Department of Law at the University of Aarhus, where she is currently working on a project called "Dealing with legal loopholes and uncertainties within EU public procurement law regarding framework agreements" sponsored by the Carlsberg...... Foundation. Before taking up her present position she carried out her doctoral research in Denmark and Australia and worked at law offices in both Poland and the UK. The topic for today’s talk is framework agreements, a relatively popular way of undertaking public procurement...

  9. URGENSI STUDI TENTANG PROCUREMENT CONTRACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yohanes Sogar Simamora

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Contractualization is kind of goverment activity in acquiring goods, services and infrastructure as well. Procurement contract has several important function especially in enhancing economic development in a state. In Indonesia, this kind of contract also has function in empowering micro economic scale. Since the aim of procurement study is to provide equal protection between public fund interest in one hand and privat sector in the other hand, general principle of contract law must be taken into consideration together with transparency as the most important principle in government contract.

  10. EFFECTS OF PROCUREMENT RELATED FACTORS ON ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2013-03-04

    Mar 4, 2013 ... Several Literatures in construction management support the view that procurements have impacts on project performance. .... size, cost, flexibility, complexity, site risk factors ... of the procurement process to client charges are.

  11. 48 CFR 1803.104 - Procurement integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Procurement integrity. 1803.104 Section 1803.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... Procurement integrity. ...

  12. 48 CFR 203.104 - Procurement integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement integrity. 203.104 Section 203.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM....104 Procurement integrity. ...

  13. Strategic sourcing and procurement of facilities management services

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Per Anker

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose it to provide insights into strategic sourcing concerning Facilities Management (FM) and how it can contribute to a sourcing decision that combines the benefits of internal and external provision with consideration of business risk and cost. Design/methodology/approach: The paper investigates a strategic sourcing and procurement process in a large public organisation in Denmark based on participating in internal meetings, a workshop, document studies and interviews. The p...

  14. Fixed export costs and multi-product firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Creusen, H.; Smeets, R.

    2011-01-01

    This paper has two aims. First, we uncover some salient components of fixed export costs, which play a crucial role in recent heterogeneous firms models of international trade. Second, we investigate whether the importance of these fixed export costs varies with the size of a firms export product

  15. Firm-specific factors and financial performance of firms in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pathirawasam Chandrapala

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to investigate the role of internal factors in generating financial performance of firms in the Czech Republic. The paper examines the impact of firm specific factors on company financial performance of 974 firms in the Czech Republic over the period 2005 to 2008, using data in the Albertina database. Pooled and panel cross-sectional time series techniques are used for the data analysis. Return on Assets (ROA is the dependent variable of the model and eight firm specific factors are introduced as the explanatory variables. Using Return on Assets as the dependent variable, it is established that the firm size, sales growth and capital turnover are having significant positive impact on financial performance of firms. At the same time, debt ratio and inventory reflect significant negative impact on financial performance of firms. Overall explanatory powers of the two models are low and further research is necessary to increase the statistical power of the model. The results from the present study may be very encouraging and useful for managers as well as investors to plan investment and operational activities to achieve profitability objectives more efficiently and effectively. The findings have important managerial implications.

  16. Foreign Firms, Domestic Wages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Markusen, James R.; Schjerning, Bertel

    Many papers have documented a wage premium in foreign-owned and large firms. However, there is very little formal theory in the literature and empirical analyses are typically not based on hypotheses which are rigorously derived from theory. This paper contributes to the theory-empirics gap by de...

  17. Firms, crowds, and innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felin, Teppo; Lakhani, Karim R; Tushman, Michael L

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to suggest a (preliminary) taxonomy and research agenda for the topic of “firms, crowds, and innovation” and to provide an introduction to the associated special issue. We specifically discuss how various crowd-related phenomena and practices—for example, crowdsourcing, crowdfunding, user innovation, and peer production—relate to theories of the firm, with particular attention on “sociality” in firms and markets. We first briefly review extant theories of the firm and then discuss three theoretical aspects of sociality related to crowds in the context of strategy, organizations, and innovation: (1) the functions of sociality (sociality as extension of rationality, sociality as sensing and signaling, sociality as matching and identity), (2) the forms of sociality (independent/aggregate and interacting/emergent forms of sociality), and (3) the failures of sociality (misattribution and misapplication). We conclude with an outline of future research directions and introduce the special issue papers and essays. PMID:28690428

  18. Energy-efficient Public Procurement: Best Practice in Program Delivery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Payne, Christopher [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Division; Weber, Andrew [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Environmental Energy Technologies Division; Semple, Abby [Public Procurement Analysis, London (United Kingdom)

    2013-02-15

    excellent opportunity for collaboration amongst public authorities. 4. Procurement Processes: Many tools and guides intended to help buyers comply with energy-efficient procurement policy are designed without detailed knowledge of the procurement process. A deeper understanding of purchasing pathways allows resources to be better directed. Current research by national and international bodies aims to analyze purchasing pathways and can assist in developing future resources.

  19. Collusion in Public Procurement: ways of analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Svetlana Pivovarova

    2009-01-01

    The paper presents a brief overview of theoretical and empirical literature on collusion in public procurement. We discuss the main economic models of collusion, the impact of market factors on the appearance and sustainability of collusion, and the ways of hindering collusion in the public procurement through different stages of the procurement cycle. We also describe the main empirical and econometric models of detecting and classifying collusion in the public procurement.

  20. Risk Management in Public Procurement Process

    OpenAIRE

    Ioana Manea; Ioana Popa

    2010-01-01

    Public procurement represents an important part of the current economy reality. Throughout the procurement process, due to the effect of the interaction among the components of the public procurement system, certain actions with significant negative effects on its optimal operation may occur. Risks may turn into certainty either because of a simple error in the development and administration of the procurement process, or because of a deliberate deviation from the existing legal provisions. T...

  1. Entrepreneurship and the Economic Theory of the Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    2004-01-01

    Though they developed in isolation, the theory of entrepreneurship andthe economic theory of the firm can be usefully integrated. In particular, the conceptof entrepreneurship as judgment associated with Knight (1921) and some Austrianschool economists aligns naturally with the theory of the firm....... Because judgmentcannot be purchased on the market, the entrepreneur needs a firm — a set of alienableassets he controls — to carry out his function. We show how this notion of judgmentilluminates key themes in the modern theory of the firm (existence, boundaries,and internal organization). In our approach...

  2. Whom do new firms hire?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    ’s productivity is based on its pre-entry experience and persistent shocks, and over time firms learn about their productivity. The model predicts that more productive firms are larger and hire more talented employees, which gives rise to various predictions about how pre-entry experience, firm growth rates......Using the matched employer-employee data set for Denmark and information on the founders of new firms, we analyze the hiring choices of all new firms that entered from 2003 to 2010. We develop a theoretical model in which the quality of a firm’s employees determines its average cost, a firm...

  3. Theoretical Perspectives on the Internationalization of Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rask, Morten; Håkonsson, Dorthe Døjbak; Strandskov, Jesper

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to build a coherent framework of the four main theories relating to the internationalization of firms, in order to facilitate better business teaching and research. Yet, theories of the internationalization of firms are broad and rest on different underlying...... assumptions. With the purpose of clarifying the potential for integration of partial theories and fragments in a more logically connected theoretical area, this article offers a meta-theoretical overview of four perspectives within international business economics: Research and its related background, basic...

  4. 10 CFR 436.43 - Procurement planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procurement planning. 436.43 Section 436.43 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT AND PLANNING PROGRAMS Agency Procurement of Energy Efficient Products § 436.43 Procurement planning. (a) Agencies should consider the...

  5. Data Analytics in Procurement Fraud Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA MBA PROFESSIONAL REPORT DATA ANALYTICS IN PROCUREMENT FRAUD PREVENTION By...2014 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED MBA Professional Report 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE DATA ANALYTICS IN PROCUREMENT FRAUD PREVENTION 5. FUNDING...to explore the viability of detecting anomalies through using data analytics software as a tool in procurement fraud prevention and to analyze its

  6. 43 CFR 12.946 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement records. 12.946 Section 12.946 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior ADMINISTRATIVE AND AUDIT REQUIREMENTS AND... Requirements § 12.946 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the...

  7. 75 FR 8927 - Procurement List; Proposed Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Addition AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed addition to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: The Committee is proposing to add to the Procurement List products to be provided by a...

  8. 78 FR 7412 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Additions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed Additions to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: The Committee is proposing to add products to the Procurement List that will be furnished by...

  9. 50 CFR 82.17 - Procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement. 82.17 Section 82.17 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.17 Procurement. Grantees may use their own procurement regulations which reflect applicable State and local laws, rules, and regulations, provided...

  10. 49 CFR 110.80 - Procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement. 110.80 Section 110.80 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION... TRAINING AND PLANNING GRANTS § 110.80 Procurement. Project managers shall use procurement procedures...

  11. 78 FR 7413 - Procurement List; Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Additions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Additions to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: This action adds products and services to the Procurement List that will be furnished by nonprofit...

  12. 75 FR 2510 - Procurement List; Corrections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-15

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Corrections AGENCY: Committee for Purchase... published by the Committee in proposing to add to and delete from the Procurement List a product and... adding services to and deleting from the Procurement List products and services on January 11, 2010...

  13. 78 FR 5423 - Procurement List; Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Additions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Additions to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: This action adds products to the Procurement List that will be furnished by the nonprofit agency...

  14. 7 CFR 210.21 - Procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procurement. 210.21 Section 210.21 Agriculture... Responsibilities § 210.21 Procurement. (a) General. State agencies and school food authorities shall comply with... the applicable Office of Management and Budget Circulars, concerning the procurement of all goods...

  15. 40 CFR 35.936 - Procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement. 35.936 Section 35.936... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.936 Procurement. (a) Sections 35.936 through 35.939 set forth policies and minimum standards for procurement of architectural...

  16. 78 FR 9386 - Procurement List; Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Addition AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Addition to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: This action adds a service to the Procurement List that will be provided by a nonprofit agency employing...

  17. 75 FR 8926 - Procurement List; Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Additions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Additions to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: This action adds to the Procurement List products and a service to be furnished by nonprofit...

  18. 32 CFR 37.1330 - Procurement contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement contract. 37.1330 Section 37.1330... REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Definitions of Terms Used in This Part § 37.1330 Procurement contract. A Federal Government procurement contract. It is a legal instrument which, consistent with 31...

  19. 78 FR 5423 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Additions AGENCY: Committee... Procurement List. SUMMARY: The Committee is proposing to add products to the Procurement List that will be... have other severe disabilities. The following products are proposed for addition to the...

  20. 40 CFR 35.925-20 - Procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement. 35.925-20 Section 35.925... Procurement. That the applicant has complied or will comply with the applicable provisions of §§ 35.935 through 35.939 with respect to procurement actions taken before the award of step 1, 2, or 3...

  1. 76 FR 7824 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... PEOPLE WHO AREBLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Additions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed additions to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: The Committee is proposing to add products to the Procurement List that will be furnished by...

  2. 40 CFR 35.935-2 - Procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement. 35.935-2 Section 35.935-2... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.935-2 Procurement. The grantee and... respect to procurement for step 1, 2, or 3 work. The Regional Administrator will cause appropriate...

  3. 78 FR 4133 - Procurement List; Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-18

    ... FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Addition AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Addition to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: This action adds a service to the Procurement List that will be provided by a nonprofit...

  4. 78 FR 2378 - Procurement List, Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List, Addition AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Addition to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: This action adds a product to the Procurement List that will be furnished by a nonprofit agency employing...

  5. 7 CFR 3565.257 - Procurement actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procurement actions. 3565.257 Section 3565.257... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Property Requirements § 3565.257 Procurement actions. All construction procurement actions, whether by sealed bid or by negotiation, must be conducted in a manner...

  6. 75 FR 4784 - Procurement List; Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Addition AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Addition to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: This action adds to the Procurement List a service to be furnished by a nonprofit agency employing persons who...

  7. 75 FR 6869 - Procurement List; Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-12

    ...; ] COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Additions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Additions to the Procurement List. SUMMARY: This action adds to the Procurement List products and a service to be furnished...

  8. Ukraine : Country Procurement Assessment Report 2006

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2007-01-01

    Ukraine enacted a comprehensive Public Procurement Law (PPL) on February 22, 2000. The first World Bank Country Procurement Assessment Report (CPAR) for Ukraine finalized in November 2001 included an action plan for improving systemic efficiency of public procurement. Since the 2001 CPAR, the country has undergone numerous political and economic changes with natural concurrent evolution of...

  9. Strategic Orientation in the Globalization of Software Firms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.; Carmel, Erran; Dunkle, Debora

    In the search for profits, software firms are globalizing their development activities. Some firms achieve greater profits by becoming more efficient, whereas others do so by reaching new markets; some do both. This paper creates an a priori typology of strategies based on the extent to which firms are focused on operational improvement or market access, have a dual focus or are unfocused. We find that firms with these strategies differ in degree of internationalization, organization of offshoring and performance outcomes related to offshoring. Market-oriented firms receive a greater proportion of their total revenue from sales outside the U.S., showing a greater international orientation. They keep more of their offshore development in-house via captive operations. They also are most likely to report increased non-U.S. sales as a result of offshoring. On the other hand, operations-oriented firms have lower levels of international sales, are more likely to go offshore via outsourced software development, and achieve greater costs savings and labor force flexibility as a result of offshoring. Operations-oriented firms also face more obstacles in offshoring, perhaps because of their reliance on outsourcing. Dual focus firms generally achieve some of the best of both strategies, whereas unfocused firms achieve lower cost benefits.

  10. Value Creation Logics and Internationalization of Service Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.; Petersen, Bent

    2014-01-01

    Purpose - While mainstream theories in international business and management are founded either explicitly or implicitly on studies of manufacturing firms, prior attempts to develop theory on the internationalization of service firms are sparse and have yet to establish solid and comprehensive...... be based on a thorough understanding of the fundamental nature of these firms. Design/methodology/approach - Theoretical study. Findings - We put forward propositions concerning the pace of internationalization and the default foreign operation modes in service firms. Research limitations....../implications - The use of value creation logics can be a useful complement to the conventional approaches to the study of service firms’ internationalization. However, the fact that most firms encompass more than one value creation logic complicates the use of firm databases and industry statistics. Practical...

  11. Are Private Firms Really More Tax Aggressive Than Public Firms ?

    OpenAIRE

    Pierk, Jochen

    2016-01-01

    This paper tests the notion that private firms are more tax aggressive than public firms. Tax avoidance measures, e.g. effective tax rates, cannot be used to compare private and public firms when private and public firms have different levels of importance on financial accounting earnings (Hanlon and Heitzman 2010). To disentangle financial reporting incentives from tax aggressiveness, I use the fact that European groups must prepare two sets of financial statements: first, gro...

  12. Firm-Specific Learning and the Nature of the Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Thorbjørn

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses the limits of a purely transaction cost explanation of the existence of the firm by pointing to additional factors. A simple heuristic model shows that firm-specific learning effects can overcome the costs of monitoring employees, and explain the existence of the firm even ...

  13. CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY PRACTICES AT BRAZILIAN FIRMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Galego-Álvarez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Corporate Social Responsibility practices have been on the rise in recent years in firms all over the world. Brazil, as one of the most important countries emerging on the international scene, is no exception to this, with more and more firms taking up these practices. The present study focuses on analyzing the corporate social responsibility practices that Brazilian companies engage into. The sample used is comprised of 500 firms grouped by geographical area; the theoretical framework is based on stakeholder and institutional theories; and the technique used for the analysis is the biplot, more specifically the HJ Biplot and cluster analysis. From the results obtained it is possible to infer that the CSR variables corresponding to environmental practices are more closely linked to companies located in the northern areas of Brazil. Social and community practices are related to companies primarily in the southern and northeastern regions of the country.

  14. Policy Brief: Engagement with Sustainability Concerns in Public Procurement in India: Why and How

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goswami, Anandajit; Diljun, Gaurang Meher; Scrivastava, Nidhi

    2013-08-15

    A major part of the Indian GDP is spent on public procurement. Owing to large spending on procurement, Indian public sector can push towards a process of sustainable production and consumption through sustainable public procurement. Once such a process is implemented with specific contexts, it can create social, economic and environmental benefits. With this background, the policy brief explores why there is a need to promote sustainable public procurement within India. Further, it highlights how such a procurement process can be implemented within India by drawing from international experiences. This policy brief charts out an action plan to implement the procurement process with an analysis of roles and responsibilities of different agencies involved in the implementation. While laying down this action plan, the brief also indicates about the existing status of sustainable public procurement in India. Therefore, this policy brief creates a way forward for public sector agencies, policy and decision makers to implement sustainable public procurement within India by understanding the current context of the issue within the nation and abroad.

  15. The Innovative Capacity of Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neely Andy

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Innovation is widely accepted as a crucial competitive weapon in today's global market place. Yet the levels of innovation achieved by different firms, even within the same industry, can vary widely. The key question raised by this observation is why. Why are some firms more innovative than others? What are the factors that determine a firm's capacity to innovate and how can these be managed to enhance the firm's innovative potential? This paper sets out to address these and related issues. It reports the results of a study of competitiveness and innovation of firms in the East of England. In the paper it is argued that the innovative capacity of a firm is a function of the firm's culture, resources, competences and networks. Justification for this framework is provided by a review of the relevant literature and a series of case studies examining the capacity to innovate of a sample of firms in the East of England.

  16. Belgian firms visiting CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    FP Department

    2009-01-01

    25 – 26 MAY 2009 09.00 to 17.00 Monday 25 May 09.00 to 17.00 Tuesday 26 May Individual interviews will take place in technicians’ offices. The firms will contact relevant users/technicians but any user wishing to make contact with a particular firm is welcome to use the contact details which are available from each departmental secretariat or from the GS Department web pages here. List of Companies:Automation Services and Consulting BVBA Burrick NV, (PLC) Cissoid DB Engineering Design, Drafting & Services BVBA Entelec Control Systems GILLAM-Fei S.A. HPC ICSENSE IWT – Enterprise Europe Flanders Jema SA Mecasoft SA SA Polmans Rapid-Torc Resarm Engineering Plastics SA Sentera Europa NV SLC BVBA Stocker Industrie SA Technord Tecnubel Winlock BVBA For further information please contact Caroline Laignel (GS-DI 73722) or Karine Robert (GS-SEM-LS 74407).

  17. Entrepreneurship and the Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    While characteristically "Austrian" themes such as entrepreneurship, economic calculation, tacit knowledge and the temporal structure of capital are clearly relevant to the business firm, Austrian economists have said relatively little about management, organization and strategy. This work features...... topics. These include knowledge management, authority and hierarchy, modularity, corporate restructuring, telecommunications regulation and competitive advantage. They clearly show how Austrian ideas can usefully engage, challenge and extend more mainstream perspectives on economic organization....

  18. Foreign Firms Partner Up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAVID HENDRICKSON

    2006-01-01

    @@ There is an important strategic adjustment occurring on the part of foreign dairy companies seeking to capitalize on the China market. Rather than going it alone,with local partnerships little more than an entry mechanism,global giants such as Danone,Arla, and Fonterra are taking advantage of the country's more relaxed foreign investment rules by upping their stakes in established local firms and expanding the role they play in business and industrial operations.

  19. Impact of product-related environmental regulations in Asia : descriptive statistics from a survey of firms in Penang, Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Michida, Etsuyo; Ueki, Yasushi; Nabeshima, Kaoru

    2014-01-01

    This paper summarizes the main results of a unique firm survey conducted in Penang, Malaysia in 2012 on product-related environmental regulations. The results show that firms receiving foreign-direct investment have adapted well to regulations but faced more rejections. Several research questions are addressed and examined by using the survey data. Major findings are as follows. First, adaptation involves changes in input procurement and market diversification, which potentially changes the s...

  20. Impact of product-related environmental regulations in Asia : descriptive statistics from a survey of firms in Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Michida, Etsuyo; Nabeshima, Kaoru; Ueki, Yasushi; 道田, 悦代; 鍋嶋, 郁; 植木, 靖

    2014-01-01

    This paper summarizes the main results of a unique firm survey conducted in Vietnam in 2011 on product-related environmental regulations (PRERs). The results of this survey are compared with the results of a corresponding survey of firms in Penang, Malaysia (Michida, et al. 2014b). The major findings are as follows. First, adaptation to PRERs involves changes in input procurement and results in market diversification, which potentially alters the structure of supply chains. This finding is co...

  1. Public Procurement of Innovation in Sweden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolfstam, Max; Ågren, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Sweden is often thought of as a country with a strong tradition for using public procurement as a means to stimulate innovation. Early on, Sweden recognized and developed procedures for using public procurement as a technologydevelopment tool. After a period where emphasis was put on this aspect...... of public procurement Sweden dropped many policy initiatives within this field. This was in part due to neo-liberal movements during the 1980s which in interaction with a distributed institutional setup led to the removal of incentives for a procuring authority to engage in public procurement of innovation....... Another contributing cause was poor policy guidance from the academia upon Sweden’s accession into the EU, which spread apprehension among procuring authorities. It is not until the last few years that Sweden has started to reengage in public procurement for innovation policy, by using predominantly...

  2. Public Procurement of Innovation in Sweden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolfstam, Max; Ågren, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Sweden is often thought of as a country with a strong tradition for using public procurement as a means to stimulate innovation. Early on, Sweden recognized and developed procedures for using public procurement as a technologydevelopment tool. After a period where emphasis was put on this aspect...... of public procurement Sweden dropped many policy initiatives within this field. This was in part due to neo-liberal movements during the 1980s which in interaction with a distributed institutional setup led to the removal of incentives for a procuring authority to engage in public procurement of innovation....... Another contributing cause was poor policy guidance from the academia upon Sweden’s accession into the EU, which spread apprehension among procuring authorities. It is not until the last few years that Sweden has started to reengage in public procurement for innovation policy, by using predominantly...

  3. Hybrid competitive strategies, organizational structure, and firm performance

    OpenAIRE

    Pertusa Ortega, Eva María

    2008-01-01

    Comunicación presentada en SMS 28th Annual International Conference, Cologne, Germany, October 12-15, 2008. This paper analyzes the internal characteristics of organizational structure which have an influence on the development of hybrid competitive strategies and their link to firm performance. The study examines a sample of large Spanish firms belonging to different sectors by means of the Partial Least Squares (PLS) technique, using formative dimensions for competitive strategy and orga...

  4. Accounting in Agriculture: Measurement practices of listed firms

    OpenAIRE

    Rute Gonçalves; Patrícia Lopes

    2015-01-01

    Based on the International Accounting Standard (IAS) 41 – Agriculture, this paper examines measurement practices of biological assets and their drivers, under accounting choice theory, given data from 2012. Taking into consideration 324 listed firms worldwide that have adopted International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) until 2011, the empirical evidence supports that while a large number of firms measures biological assets at fair value, there are others that refute the presumption of...

  5. SELECTED FACTORS DETERMINING THE PERFORMANCE OF THE CZECH PUBLIC PROCUREMENT SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marketa Sumpikova

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Public procurement today represents approximately 15% of governmental expenditure in developed countries and an area with high potential for continual improvement, especially for countries with transitional economies. This article investigates competitiveness and the selection method, which are two factors of many identified, such as from studies of Transparency International or the Charles University, that relate to the limited results of procurement procedures under Czech Republic conditions. Our study identified important weaknesses in the Czech public procurement process for future reforms to consider.

  6. Selection of procurement systems in the South African construction industry: An exploratory study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. D. Thwala

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this paper: Procurement systems are vital in ensuring the successful implementation of construction projects precisely in all the phases of any particular project. Therefore, this paper aims to investigate in a systematic manner the factors that influence the selection of a procurement system in the South African construction industry. Research methodology: An extensive theory and literature review of procurement systems was conducted. The literature reviewed included a sample of case studies of procurement systems successfully implemented in completed building and civil engineering projects in South Africa. A questionnaire using a four-round Delphi survey method was used to conduct the empirical study in order to obtain participants' opinions about factors influencing the selection of procurement systems as well as the utility value of various procurement systems on each factor as identified. Finally, data analysis of both qualitative and quantitative techniques was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS. Findings: After qualitative analysis, findings of the literature reviewed suggest that factors that influence the selection of procurement systems cut across all the phases of the project as identified in this paper. Therefore, these factors are categorically classified into internal and external factors. Factors from the internal environment were further classified into client characteristics and project characteristics, with client characteristics comprising of variables such as clients' level of knowledge and control, political and social consideration, familiarity of procurement systems, competition, funding arrangement, government public/private sector projects and risk allocation whereas project characteristics comprise of factors (variables such as size and technical complexity of the project, influence of the project life cycle, expedited project delivery, time, quality and price certainty. Factors

  7. INFLUENCE OF FIRM SIZE ON ITS BUSINESS SUCCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Pervan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A firm may use different methods and diverse (nonfinancial analysis/indicators in order to evaluate its business success. However, one of the most widely applied methods refers to financial analyses that use profitability ratios as the key measures of firm’s overall efficiency and performance. In this research we focused our attention on firm size and evaluated its influence on firm profitability. Other than by the size of a firm, a firm performance is affected by a variety of internal and external variables. Therefore, apart from mere investigating the relationship between firm size and performance, we also explored the impact of some other variables crucial in determining firm profitability. The analysis was conducted for the 2002-2010 period and the results revealed that firm size has a significant positive (although weak influence on firm profitability. Additionally, results showed that assets turnover and debt ratio also statistically significantly influence firms’ performance while current ratio didn’t prove to be an important explanatory variable of firms’ profitability.

  8. Software package requirements and procurement

    OpenAIRE

    1996-01-01

    This paper outlines the problems of specifying requirements and deploying these requirements in the procurement of software packages. Despite the fact that software construction de novo is the exception rather than the rule, little or no support for the task of formulating requirements to support assessment and selection among existing software packages has been developed. We analyse the problems arising in this process and review related work. We outline the key components of a programme of ...

  9. Cross-national research on contractor evaluation procedures in public works procurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinoshita, Seiya; Sato, Naoyoshi; Matsumoto, Naoya

    Contractor evaluation methods in Japan's public works procurement, beginning with construction business licensure, going through biennial preliminary firm rating, up to project-by-project prequalification and comprehensive point rating, were developed during the period when public works were mostly procured through designated competitive bidding. It is essential to focus attention on contractor evaluation methods for introducing different types of procurement procedures which enhance the use of technological capabilities held by private businesses. An overall review of contractor evaluation procedures should be conducted in view of the present situation, where the open competitive bidding has become mainly used in combination with comprehensive evaluation, as well as to allow for further diversification of procurement methods. In Western countries, improvements have been made for the past several years in contractor evaluation procedures with more emphasis on "Value for Money." Advanced efforts made by these countries will be useful as a reference for overhauling Japan's contractor evaluation system. This study conducts a comparative review of contractor evaluation procedures for public procurement in Western countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and France by identifying similarities and differences between those of Japan and the above mentioned countries. This reveals that a contractor's technical or professional ability is looked at separately from its economic and financial standing in those countries studied, and there is no case like Japan in which those two factors are integrated into one for evaluation.

  10. E-procurement and automatic identification: enhancing supply chain management in the healthcare industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Alan D; Flanegin, Frank R

    2004-01-01

    The concepts of automated e-procurement, or electronic B2B (business-to-business) trade, are grounded in the strategic leveraging of both tangible/intangible assets for successful implementation and execution of electronic trade, resulting in significant financial benefits for firms. Some of the major reasons for this growth include significant process savings from automation, compliance, and purchasing advantage; and reduced costs that organisations can experience by conducting transactions electronically. Although these are the basic benefits associated with generic e-commerce strategies, a majority of these B2B transactions have focused on the purchase of indirect materials (especially office products and travel services). In fact, more than 93% of medical supplies on hospital shelves appear to have universal product numbers on them--at least while still in their boxes and there is a great potential for huge savings in e-procurement in the healthcare field. However, other types of supply chain-related purchases, including maintenance, repair, and operating and replacement parts, and direct material purchases, are becoming more important operational management considerations. In addition, several other key considerations are: existing procurement strategy, the vendor, technology, suppliers, and total costs of ownership. Companies need to analyse their current procurement strategy before developing an e-procurement plan.

  11. The Identity of Ownership on Firm Internationalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandskov, Jesper; Madsen, Tage Koed; Pedersen, Bent

    2016-01-01

    The paper develops an integrative ownership-internationalization model that explores the influences of various owner types (i.e. investor-owned firms, family-owned firms, employee-owned firms, cooperative–owned firms, and state-owned firms) on firm internationalization. Based on a comparative...

  12. Danish firms visit CERN

    CERN Document Server

    FP Department

    2011-01-01

    30 – 31 JANUARY 2012 09:00 to 17:00 Monday 30 January 09:00 to 17:00 Tuesday 31 January Individual interviews will take place in technicians’ offices. The firms will contact relevant users/technicians but any user wishing to make contact with a particular firm is welcome to use the contact details available from the secretariat of their department or from the GS Department web page. List of Companies: · Axcon APS · BB Electronics A/S · B.Rustfrit Stal A/S · CIM Industrial Systems A/S · Danfysik A/S · Develco A/S · Eletronic A/S · GPV Group · Innoware A/S · JLI Vision A/S · NECAS A/S· NKT Cables A/S · Noliac A/S · Prodan A/S · Röttger’s Vaerktoj A/S · Vengcon APS For further information please contact Claudia Bruggmann Furlan  GS-IS-LS 73312 or Caroline Laignel GS-DI 73722.

  13. Greening Non-Product-Related Procurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mosgaard, Mette; Riisgaard, Henrik; Huulgaard, Rikke Dorothea

    2013-01-01

    Green procurement in Denmark is developing with a new strategy with special emphasis on non-product-related procurement; i.e., all products that are not directly transformed into the product produced by the company, for example cleaning detergents and office supplies. Three earlier strategies...... are well described in literature: Green supply chain management in the business-to-business area, green public procurement, and, finally green private consumption. The latest strategy with special emphasis on non-product-related procurement makes sense from a macro-level perspective: the small...... environmental benefits of millions of procurement decisions do add up to large environmental improvement potentials. Thus, non-product-related procurement focuses on the similarities in the purchases made across different sectors. Explorative interviews with purchasers in Danish companies form the basis...

  14. Procurement Options for New Renewable Electricity Supply

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kreycik, C. E.; Couture, T. D.; Cory, K. S.

    2011-12-01

    State renewable portfolio standard (RPS) policies require utilities and load-serving entities (LSEs) to procure renewable energy generation. Utility procurement options may be a function of state policy and regulatory preferences, and in some cases, may be dictated by legislative authority. Utilities and LSEs commonly use competitive solicitations or bilateral contracting to procure renewable energy supply to meet RPS mandates. However, policymakers and regulators in several states are beginning to explore the use of alternatives, namely feed-in tariffs (FITs) and auctions to procure renewable energy supply. This report evaluates four procurement strategies (competitive solicitations, bilateral contracting, FITs, and auctions) against four main criteria: (1) pricing; (2) complexity and efficiency of the procurement process; (3) impacts on developers access to markets; and (4) ability to complement utility decision-making processes. These criteria were chosen because they take into account the perspective of each group of stakeholders: ratepayers, regulators, utilities, investors, and developers.

  15. NASA cash boost for space firms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwynne, Peter

    2012-09-01

    NASA has awarded 1.1bn to three US firms to design and develop the "next generation of human spaceflight capabilities". Boeing, Sierra Nevada and Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX), who will receive 460m, 212.5m and 440m respectively, will use the money to improve and test their systems intended to fly astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS) within the next five years.

  16. International Specialization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleindienst, Ingo; Geisler Asmussen, Christian; Hutzschenreuter, Thomas;

    2012-01-01

    Whether and how international diversification and cross-border arbitrage affects firm performance remains one of the major unresolved research questions in the strategy and international business literatures. We propose that knowing how much a firm has internationally diversified tells us very...... little about performance implications, if we do not know, and do not ask, how the firm has diversified. Therefore, building on the two broad arguments of operating flexibility and location-specific commitment, we develop a theoretical framework that focuses on the extent to which a firm's international...... arbitrage strategy is characterized by specialization versus replication and argue that these different strategies may have differential impact on profitability and risk reduction. Developing a sophisticated measure of international specialization and using a unique panel data set of 92 German MNEs to test...

  17. International Specialization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleindienst, Ingo; Geisler Asmussen, Christian; Hutzschenreuter, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Whether and how international diversification and cross-border arbitrage affects firm performance remains one of the major unresolved research questions in the strategy and international business literatures. We propose that knowing how much a firm has internationally diversified tells us very...... little about performance implications, if we do not know, and do not ask, how the firm has diversified. Therefore, building on the two broad arguments of operating flexibility and location-specific commitment, we develop a theoretical framework that focuses on the extent to which a firm's international...... arbitrage strategy is characterized by specialization versus replication and argue that these different strategies may have differential impact on profitability and risk reduction. Developing a sophisticated measure of international specialization and using a unique panel data set of 92 German MNEs to test...

  18. 48 CFR 752.225-71 - Local procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Local procurement. 752.225... Local procurement. For use in any USAID contract involving performance overseas. Local Procurement (FEB 1997) (a) Local procurement involves the use of appropriated funds to finance the procurement of...

  19. Flexible Manufacturing System--The procurement phase

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Cleave, R.A.

    1992-02-01

    A method has been developed for procuring a Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS). The method includes preparation of a functional specification that defines equipment and system requirements; development of relationships between the potential suppliers and purchasers; proposal evaluation and selection in a competitive bid environment; and a technique to minimize misunderstandings between buyer requirements and supplier offerings. Methods established during this development effort have permitted successful procurement of a multimillion-dollar FMS. Techniques used will be helpful to procurement of other systems.

  20. Firm Search for External Knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sofka, Wolfgang; Grimpe, Christoph

    2012-01-01

    The innovation performance of modern firms is increasingly determined by their ability to search and absorb external knowledge. However, after a certain threshold firms "oversearch" their environment and innovation performance declines. In this paper, we argue that prior literature has largely...... ignored the institutional context that provides or denies access to external knowledge at the country level. Combining institutional and knowledge search theory, we suggest that the market orientation of the institutional environment and the magnitude of institutional change influence when firms begin...... to experience the negative performance effects of oversearch. Based on a comprehensive sample of almost 8,000 firms from ten European countries, we find that institutions matter considerably for firms' search activity. Higher market orientation of institutions increases the effectiveness of firms' search...

  1. Secondary Item Procurement Lead Time Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-03-01

    NONEhhhhhh % I - 15 III& 1-- -NAION&°I° oI Ai OF .° NAIU REUONF TEST CANA -~~ 7 .. SECONDARY ITEM PROCUREMENT LEAD TIME STUDY __ LOGISTICS SYSTEMS...ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF THE AIR FORCE (RD&L) DIRECTOR, DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY SUBJECT: Secondary Item Procurement Lead Time Study A recent report by the...determination of procurement lead time. A plan for the study is enclosed. In order to achieve the objectives of the procurement lead time study as well as the

  2. Value-based procurement: Canada's healthcare imperative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prada, Gabriela

    2016-07-01

    Value-based healthcare models are being adopted globally to maximize value for patients. Given that procurement is at the heart of purchasing value, value-based procurement goes hand in hand with value-based healthcare. Shifting procurement's traditional focus on short-term cost savings to a more holistic objective that includes health system performance and patient outcomes, giving preference to longer-term cost efficiencies, and working with suppliers to identify opportunities to develop more innovative products and services, is proving successful in leading jurisdictions. This article presents an overview of value within healthcare systems and how healthcare value-based procurement is being implemented across various jurisdictions.

  3. Risk Management in Public Procurement Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Manea

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Public procurement represents an important part of the current economy reality. Throughout the procurement process, due to the effect of the interaction among the components of the public procurement system, certain actions with significant negative effects on its optimal operation may occur. Risks may turn into certainty either because of a simple error in the development and administration of the procurement process, or because of a deliberate deviation from the existing legal provisions. Therefore, there is an imperative for the implementation of certain risk-avoiding measures, as well as of measures aiming to reduce their negative effects in case of their occurrence.

  4. Information Technology Procurement Authorization (ITPA) Tracking System

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — Information Technology Procurement Authorization (ITPA) Tracking System is used for gathering consistent data from U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) program...

  5. New Approach to Interpret the Firm Evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Amir Yazdanparast Abatari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract  This article is a preliminary step to introduce a new approach for interpreting how a firm evolves. The core idea of this approach is to verify the firms as the dynamic organization which can change and gain different trait upon time. The change and adaption mechanism can be explained through evolutionary theory. This approach could be used as a good tool to interpret reaction of firms to future environmental and internal changes. To achieve this goal, the firm has been defined as a set of Resource, Ideas and capabilities (RIC. As evolutionary theory has been adopted, a wining rule needs to be determined for selection and struggle process. This winning rule has been developed using the transaction cost theory to verify the effect of this so called RIC mechanism, over 200 hours’ interview has been set up to identify and trace a changing capability in Iranian Construction industry. Applying this view to gathered information shows the power of this method for analyzing the firm’s capabilities.

  6. The financing of innovative firms

    OpenAIRE

    Hall, Bronwyn H.

    2009-01-01

    To what extent are new and/or innovative firms fundamentally different from established firms, and therefore require a different form of financing? The theoretical background for this proposition is presented, and the empirical evidence on its importance is reviewed. Owing to the intangible nature of their investment, asymmetric-information and moral-hazard, these firms are more likely to be financed by equity than debt and behave in some cases as though they are cash-constrained, especially ...

  7. Credit rationing and firm size

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. CALCAGNINI

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the likelihood of credit rationing faced by firms of different size. Contrary to common thought, several recent contributions on this topic argue that, when rationing credit, size alone is not a sufficient condition for discriminating between firms. We show that this result can be predicted using a framework based on the Stiglitz-Weiss model. In particular, in an environment of asymmetric information, we highlight how the likelihood of credit rationing depends upon the shape of the distribution function of project returns, especially its asymmetry and Kurtosis. Our empirical results do not support the hypothesis that small firms face more credit rationing than larger firms.

  8. Experiences of Emerging Economy Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Experiences of Emerging Economy Firms investigates the different elements of the experiences of emerging economy firms and sheds essential light on a large variety of aspects associated with their functioning in both home and host contexts. For example, firms must be able to overcome the liability...... of foreign and emerging issues when they expand their activities in various contexts, enter, exit, and re-enter overseas markets; they have to overcome institutional barriers, adapt the cultural challenges in foreign markets, undergo the impact of large multinational firms from developed economies...

  9. Experiences of Emerging Economy Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vissak, Tiia; Zhang, Xiaotian

    2015-01-01

    Experiences of Emerging Economy Firms investigates the different elements of the experiences of emerging economy firms and sheds essential light on a large variety of aspects associated with their functioning in both home and host contexts. For example, firms must be able to overcome the liability...... of foreign and emerging issues when they expand their activities in various contexts, enter, exit, and re-enter overseas markets; they have to overcome institutional barriers, adapt the cultural challenges in foreign markets, undergo the impact of large multinational firms from developed economies...

  10. Experiences of Emerging Economy Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vissak, Tiia; Zhang, Xiaotian

    2015-01-01

    of foreign and emerging issues when they expand their activities in various contexts, enter, exit, and re-enter overseas markets; they have to overcome institutional barriers, adapt the cultural challenges in foreign markets, undergo the impact of large multinational firms from developed economies......Experiences of Emerging Economy Firms investigates the different elements of the experiences of emerging economy firms and sheds essential light on a large variety of aspects associated with their functioning in both home and host contexts. For example, firms must be able to overcome the liability...

  11. Sequential Divestiture and Firm Asymmetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen Zhou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Simple Cournot models of divestiture tend to generate incentives to divest which are too strong, predicting that firms will break up into an infinite number of divisions resulting in perfect competition. This paper shows that if the order of divestitures is endogenized, firms will always choose sequential, and hence very limited, divestitures. Divestitures favor the larger firm and the follower in a sequential game. Divestitures in which the larger firm is the follower generate greater industry profit and social welfare, but a smaller consumer surplus.

  12. Belgian Firms Visit CERN

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    Fifteen Belgian firms visited CERN last 2 and 3 April to present their know-how. Industrial sectors ranging from precision machining to electrical engineering and electronics were represented. And for the first time, companies from the Flemish and Brussels regions of the country joined their Walloon compatriots, who have come to CERN before. The visit was organised by Mr J.-M. Warêgne, economic and commercial attaché at the Belgian permanent mission for the French-speaking region, Mr J. Van de Vondel, his opposite number for the Flemish region, and Mrs E. Solowianiuk, economic and commercial counsellor at the Belgian permanent mission for the Brussels-Capital region.

  13. Scientific Auditing Firms

    CERN Document Server

    Sarma, Gopal P

    2016-01-01

    The "crisis of reproducibility" has been a significant source of controversy, heated debate, and calls for reform to institutional science in recent years. As a long-term solution to address both the present crisis and future obstacles, I propose the creation of a new form of research organization whose purpose would be to conduct random audits of the scientific literature. I suggest that data analytics of a digitized scientific corpus may play a critical role in allowing broadly educated scientists to identify linchpin results to investigate in further detail across all disciplines. I argue that a simple "mock" trial run of a simplified auditing firm consisting of several researchers over a short time period would provide valuable insight into the feasibility of this proposal.

  14. Inside the Family Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Morten; Nielsen, Kasper; Pérez-González, Francisco

    2005-01-01

    This paper uses a unique dataset from Denmark to investigate (1) the role of family characteristics in corporate decision making, and (2) the consequences of these decisions on firm performance. We focus on the decision to appoint either a family or an external chief executive officer (CEO). We...... show that a departing CEO's family characteristics have a strong predictive power in explaining CEO succession decisions: family CEOs are more frequently selected the larger the size of the family, the higher the ratio of male children and when the departing CEOs had only had one spouse. We...... then analyze the impact of family successions on performance. We overcome endogeneity and omitted variables problems of previous papers in the literature by using the gender of a departing CEO's first-born child as an instrumental variable (IV) for family successions. This is a plausible IV as male first...

  15. Inside the Family Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Morten; Nielsen, Kasper; Pérez-González, Francisco

    2005-01-01

    This paper uses a unique dataset from Denmark to investigate (1) the role of family characteristics in corporate decision making, and (2) the consequences of these decisions on firm performance. We focus on the decision to appoint either a family or an external chief executive officer (CEO). We...... show that a departing CEO's family characteristics have a strong predictive power in explaining CEO succession decisions: family CEOs are more frequently selected the larger the size of the family, the higher the ratio of male children and when the departing CEOs had only had one spouse. We...... then analyze the impact of family successions on performance. We overcome endogeneity and omitted variables problems of previous papers in the literature by using the gender of a departing CEO's first-born child as an instrumental variable (IV) for family successions. This is a plausible IV as male first...

  16. Procurement control: The graded approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lunsford, G.F. Jr.

    1990-12-31

    The ability of an organization to purchase goods and services is essential to the successful operation of any business. Fitness for use and on-time delivery is the goal of the procurement process. Although one`s choice of suppliers has a significant impact on the outcome of this process, efficient execution of the purchase requisitioning activity builds the foundation for On Time Delivery of: The Right Product, To The Right Place, Meeting The Specified Requirements, and In Good Condition. This paper discusses how the Savannah River Site accomplishes this task.

  17. Procurement control: The graded approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lunsford, G.F. Jr.

    1990-01-01

    The ability of an organization to purchase goods and services is essential to the successful operation of any business. Fitness for use and on-time delivery is the goal of the procurement process. Although one's choice of suppliers has a significant impact on the outcome of this process, efficient execution of the purchase requisitioning activity builds the foundation for On Time Delivery of: The Right Product, To The Right Place, Meeting The Specified Requirements, and In Good Condition. This paper discusses how the Savannah River Site accomplishes this task.

  18. Patenting activities and firm performance : Does firm size matter?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Andries, P.; Faems, D.L.M.

    2013-01-01

    Whereas prior research has provided valuable insights into the willingness of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and large firms to engage in patenting, a comparison of the performance implications of patenting activities across small and large firms is still lacking. This gap is important be

  19. The need for sensemaking and negotiation in procurement situations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoezen, Mieke; Volker, L.; Javernick-Will, A.; Chinowsky, P.

    2012-01-01

    Since most of the infrastructure projects are being built with public money, public procurement regulations apply. Compared to regular partnerships, it is hard to develop trust in procurement situations. Inspired by transaction costs economics, procurement processes are still considered as

  20. Fertilizer procurement, distribution and subsidy policies in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ... Data were analyzed using means, frequencies and percentages. ... government monopoly procurement and subsidy on the product, government partial procurement and subsidy on the procured final ...

  1. Firm Traits and Web Based Disclosures in Top Nigerian Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bello Ayuba

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The use of the internet as a medium of dissemination of information to stakeholders is increasingly gaining grounds. This study extends existing literature on web disclosures by investigating the characteristics that predict the extent of web-based disclosures. In this study, corporate websites of top Nigerian firms are used as sources of data, while a regression analysis is employed to examine the extent of prediction. Results indicate that the firm size and industry type are significant determinants of web disclosures. However, other firm traits such as ownership dispersion and financial performance do not significantly explain the extent of internet disclosures. The study recommends that a regulatory template for corporate web disclosures be put in place by government regardless of the size or industry classification of the firm. This is with a view to considerably reduce agency conflicts arising from information asymmetry in publicly listed firms in Nigeria.

  2. Technological Diversification and Firm Performance:The Moderating Effects of Environmental Turbulence and Internal R & D%技术多元化与企业绩效--环境动荡性和内部研发的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文华; 张卓; 汪锋; 季小立

    2015-01-01

    The existing literature researching on the relationship of technological diversification and firm performance have ignored the impact on the relationship of technological diversification and firm performance of the moderating effects of environmental turbulence and internal R&D. The paper is an empirical research on the relationship of technological diversification and firm performance and the moderating effects of environmental turbulence and internal R&D based on panel data of the listed high-tech companies. The research results show that technological diversification has an inversed U relationship on firm performance. Technology turbulence, market turbulence, internal R&D have a significant positive moderating effects on the relationship between technological diversification and firm performance. It is beneficial that the firm should maintain implementation technological diversification strategy and strengthen internal R&D under highly volatile external environment.%在技术多元化与企业绩效关系研究中,现有研究忽略了环境动荡性和内部研发对两者关系的调节作用。本文采用高新技术上市公司面板数据,实证研究了技术多元化与企业绩效关系以及环境动荡性和内部研发对两者关系的调节作用。研究表明,技术多元化与企业绩效呈倒U型关系,技术环境动荡性、市场环境动荡性、内部研发正向调节技术多元化与企业绩效关系。因此,企业实施技术多元化战略更能适应外部环境的剧烈变化,而加强内部研发能进一步增强技术多元化的竞争优势。

  3. To Boldly Go: Social Clauses in Public Procurement

    OpenAIRE

    Barnard, Catherine

    2017-01-01

    Public procurement has become exciting for labour lawyers. With the adoption of three new ‘revised and modernised’ directives on public procurement in 2014, whose express aims include enabling ‘procurers to make better use of public procurement to support common societal goals’, labour lawyers need to start taking procurement law seriously. At a time when the EU and domestic legislative cupboard in the social field is pretty bare, public procurement may offer a lever to deliver social change....

  4. Working in the Finance and Procurement Department

    CERN Multimedia

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2010-01-01

    The CERN Finance and Procurement (FP) Department handles around 35,000 internal purchase orders every year. A large number of them are processed by administrative assistant Sarah Pamelard and her two colleagues Dominique Trolliet and Laurence Fol. As you will see, this is not just any old desk job.   Sarah Pamelard in her office. Sarah Pamelard has worked at CERN for 23 years (see box). She began her career as an assistant in the electronics design office and has been an administrative assistant in the FP Department's purchasing service for the last year and a half. Her work involves processing all internal purchase orders for amounts not exceeding 10,000 CHF. "For each order we have to find the supplier who will provide the best services. Our search covers suppliers in all the Member States to ensure the best possible balance of financial return among them", explains Sarah. The skills that the job demands are not confined to the area of finance. Above all, you need to be very w...

  5. How EPC firms can enter the nuclear renaissance

    OpenAIRE

    Locatelli, Giorgio; Mancini, Mauro

    2012-01-01

    the so called “nuclear renaissance” is creating a millionaire market for new nuclear reactors. Few firms have the capabilities to work in this complex and highly demanding market, whereas many other are investigating the option to enter. Quite surprising the international scientific literature provides information regarding the high-level governmental aspects of nuclear power programs in different countries while the analysis at firm level is almost inexistent. Moreover the usual business mod...

  6. Procurement Practices in Project Based Manufacturing Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shah Satya

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Procurement is one of the processes that cannot be separated in a business. To be able to run a business, it certainly needs to go through procurement stage that involves purchasing raw materials and services. There are many procurement practices in different kinds of business environment such as manufacturing business and construction business. Competitive strategies application within procurement in this manufacturing is very important in order to win a tender for material procurement required in projects. The paper examines how competitive strategies are applied within procurement practice in project-based manufacturing environment. This research studies in the literature of management in engineering, competitive strategy, procurement integration, and case study that takes a sample from the examples of procurement practice application in large organisation such as that of McDermott. The research aims to conduct a qualitative research method based on the discussion and analysis of literature reviews and case study to build conclusions. The findings suggest business players should have core competencies and develop factors such as superior quality, price advantage, on-time delivery, flexibility, and innovation through technology in order to win the competition.

  7. 48 CFR 503.104 - Procurement integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement integrity. 503.104 Section 503.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Safeguards 503.104 Procurement integrity. ...

  8. 48 CFR 2903.104 - Procurement integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement integrity. 2903.104 Section 2903.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Safeguards 2903.104 Procurement integrity. ...

  9. 48 CFR 603.104 - Procurement integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement integrity. 603.104 Section 603.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF STATE GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Safeguards 603.104 Procurement integrity. ...

  10. 48 CFR 803.104 - Procurement integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement integrity. 803.104 Section 803.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Safeguards 803.104 Procurement integrity. ...

  11. 48 CFR 403.104 - Procurement integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement integrity. 403.104 Section 403.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Safeguards 403.104 Procurement integrity. ...

  12. 48 CFR 2803.104 - Procurement integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Procurement integrity. 2803.104 Section 2803.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE General IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Safeguards 2803.104 Procurement integrity. ...

  13. 48 CFR 1403.104 - Procurement integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement integrity. 1403.104 Section 1403.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Safeguards 1403.104 Procurement integrity. ...

  14. 48 CFR 3.104 - Procurement integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement integrity. 3.104 Section 3.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Safeguards 3.104 Procurement integrity. ...

  15. 48 CFR 1303.104 - Procurement integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Procurement integrity. 1303.104 Section 1303.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Safeguards 1303.104 Procurement integrity. ...

  16. 32 CFR 21.670 - Procurement contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement contract. 21.670 Section 21.670 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS DoD GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS-GENERAL MATTERS Definitions § 21.670 Procurement contract. A...

  17. 76 FR 9555 - Procurement List; Proposed Deletions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-18

    ... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Deletions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed deletions from the Procurement...'Day Act (41 U.S.C. 46- 48c) in connection with the products proposed for deletion from the...

  18. Multidimensional procurement auctions with unknown weights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Thomas

    This paper studies the consequences of holding a procurement auction when the principal chooses not to show its preferences. My paper extends the procurement auction model of Che (1993) to a situation where both the principal and the agents have private information. Thus, unknown parameters of both...

  19. Competitive Procurement of Integrated Library Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reader, Evan A.

    1989-01-01

    Describes the competitive bidding process used by California State University to successfully procure integrated library systems for 5 of its 19 campuses during 1 fiscal year. The procurements demonstrated that competitive bidding not only reduces overall cost of library systems, but also allows the buyer to achieve favorable contract provisions.…

  20. 15 CFR 14.44 - Procurement procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... material, product or service to be procured. In competitive procurements, such a description shall not... products and services dimensioned in the metric system of measurement. (vi) Preference, to the extent...' implementation of E.O.s 12549 and 12689, “Debarment and Suspension,” as implemented by DoC regulations at 15...

  1. Republic of Chile : Country Procurement Assessment Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    Chile's public procurement system is considered generally free of corruption, supported by probity of the civil servants, decentralization, and good budgetary and control systems. However, it is affected by deficiencies that the government recognizes, and is taking action to overcome, particularly with respect to procurement of goods and services. There is no unified comprehensive, and pub...

  2. 75 FR 60739 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... NPA: CW Resources, Inc., New Britain, CT. Contracting Activity: Dept. of the Army, XRA W7NN USPFO... PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED Procurement List; Proposed Additions AGENCY: Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled. ACTION: Proposed additions to the procurement...

  3. DAMAGE FROM CORRUPTION IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ter-Ovsepyan S. V.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article reveals a problem of identification and assessment of damage from corruption in public procurement. We have presented an analysis of the methodology for the calculation and assessment of accumulated financial and economic damage caused by corruption in public procurement. The conclusion about the need for further development of research on this issue has been made

  4. How does procurement capability maturity affect e-Procurement adoption and leverage purchasing in supply chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pongpanga Pongsuwan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This study refers to the research model of Batenburg (2008 which defined procurement functions to six maturity dimensions; strategy, processes, control, organization, information, e-Technology as the starting point and indicates twenty two items to support capability maturity measurement which is called “Procurement Competitive Capability Maturity”(PCCM. This model is used for a company to assess current practices of procurement function and perceives the level of its capabilities. The data collection is from a survey of fifty-two selected procurement organizations in Southeast Asia (SEA countries; from Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. The objective of this study is to demonstrate the significant value of industry type, size of spending and centralized/decentralized procurement that affect procurement capability maturity. The results show that the industry has no relation to the capability maturity; the size of procurement spend has a positive relation to the capability maturity; and the centralized procurement has higher capability maturity than the decentralized. Moreover, this study extends the knowledge of e-Procurement and digital context to leverage procurement processes and visible procurement integration in an organization and across the supply chain.

  5. Entry modes of European firms in Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Simonet

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to explore the entry modes of EU firms setting up operations in Vietnam. Design/methodology/approach: we use a case study approach on Haymarket, Cadbury, Creative Education, Fairchild, Aventis and Artemisinin and Farming International using interviews from managerial professionals in Vietnam. Findings: Despite the fact that Vietnam has been opening up for more than 20 years, licensing is the preferred entry mode because of the risks involved in venturing with local firms; that preference signals a low level commitment and a high perception of risk and state interference. In line with Vietnam transition to state - rather than private market - capitalism, a foreign company opting for a joint-venture will do so with a state-owned rather than privately-owned company. The choice of a subsidiary can be explained by the lack of trust in partners and institutions, not by improvement in the socio-political environment. Limitations: In determining the entry mode strategy, the paper focuses on the Uppsala school’s “psychic distance” (e.g. cultural distance, lack of trust rather than on firm-specific advantages (Rugman, 1980; 2006. Key-words: international entry mode; emerging markets; subsidiary; joint-venture; India; Vietnam

  6. Does internationalization foster firm performance?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, Marcel

    2014-01-01

    The research in this dissertation concerns the impact of internationalization of business activities on several dimensions of firm performance. We show that the productivity ranking by trade status of Dutch manufacturing firms in increasing order of productivity is: non-traders, importers, exporters

  7. Competitive Advantage of Interconnected Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nell, Phillip Christopher; Andersson, Ulf

    We model the complex interplay between firm-level variables, notably capabilities and performance, and relationship-level variables: relationship-specific assets and network context. We test how the network context of individual exchange relationships as well as firm-level capabilities jointly af...

  8. The Internationalisation of Service Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blagoeva, Denitsa Hazarbassanova

    The question the thesis aims at resolving is: How do the value creation logics of firms impact their internationalisation? The overall aim of this PhD project is to explore and test an approach to understanding the internationalisation of service firms, based not on opposing them to manufacturing...

  9. Does internationalization foster firm performance?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Berg, Marcel

    2014-01-01

    The research in this dissertation concerns the impact of internationalization of business activities on several dimensions of firm performance. We show that the productivity ranking by trade status of Dutch manufacturing firms in increasing order of productivity is: non-traders, importers, exporters

  10. Intra-Firm Adoption Decisions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Y.M. van Everdingen (Yvonne); B. Wierenga (Berend)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractThe subject of this paper is intra-firm adoption decisions, a relatively unexplored research area in the marketing literature. In particular, we investigate which factors influence the intra-firm adoption decisions regarding the common European currency of the treasury, purchasing and sa

  11. Public Procurement of Innovation as Endogenous

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolfstam, Max

    Public procurement used as an innovation policy instrument has attracted attention the last decade. It has been argued that public procurement can be used to stimulate innovation from the demand-side. This paper problematizes ‘demand’ understood as a problem defined by a public procurer given...... to potential suppliers to solve. By drawing on a cross-case analysis of two similar projects the paper attempts to explicate an understanding of the role of public procurement of innovation not primarily as a ‘demand-side innovation instrument’, as such thinking might run the risk of ignoring important...... underlying mechanisms critical for success. Instead the paper views public procurement of innovation as an instrument of endogenous- exogenous knowledge conversion....

  12. Measuring effects of public procurement of innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolfstam, Max

    qualitative and quantitative studies have been made, they tend to lack connection to the underlying mechanisms envisaged in the conceptual and/or case based literature. A challenge in this endeavour prevails in the nature of how public procurement of innovation works. Some of the effects rendered may......Underway for quite some time now has been the discussion on using public procurement as a means to stimulate innovation. However - with some exceptions this has been mainly a conceptual discussion vastly surpassed a corresponding development of appropriate monitoring tools. Also, even if both...... about the usefulness of public procurement of innovation are at all realistic and feasible in practice. After reviewing different currently available means to measure both public procurement of innovation measures, as well as public procurement of innovation, the paper outlines a case-based approach...

  13. Strategic R&D location by multinational firms: Spillovers, technology sourcing, and competition.

    OpenAIRE

    BELDERBOS Rene; Lykoianni, E; Veugelers, Reinhilde

    2005-01-01

    We analyze strategic interaction in R&D internationalization decisions by two multinational firms competing both abroad and in their home markets and examine different incentives for foreign R&D faced by technology leaders and technology laggards. The model takes into account the impact of local inter-firm R&D spillovers, (non-costless) international intra-firm transfer of knowledge, and the notion that internal R&D increases the effectiveness of incoming spillovers. Greater efficiency of int...

  14. Industrial dynamics beyond the lead firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haakonsson, Stine Jessen; Slepniov, Dmitrij

    for market access or on innovation, capability building and technology transfer in the industry. The main objective of this paper is to look ‘beyond the lead firms’. We seek to advance the understanding of how the recent changes in the industry affect producers of key components and their role...... to develop new strategies, which involve internationalization. Our initial findings suggest that sub-suppliers get an initial impetus for internationalization from the lead firms. However, over time the sub-suppliers strategy changes as get more independent and driven by new business opportunities in China...... and link up with domestic lead firms. In pursuing the principal objectives of the paper, we combine two analytical frameworks for the outside-in perspectives of economic geography with the more inside-out perspective from international business and organizational studies. On the one hand, this combination...

  15. Industrial Dynamics Beyond the Lead Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haakonsson, Stine Jessen; Slepniov, Dmitrij

    2013-01-01

    for market access or on innovation, capability building and technology transfer in the industry. The main objective of this paper is to look ‘beyond the lead firms’. We seek to advance the understanding of how the recent changes in the industry affect producers of key components and their role...... to develop new strategies, which involve internationalization. Our initial findings suggest that sub-suppliers get an initial impetus for internationalization from the lead firms. However, over time the sub-suppliers strategy changes as get more independent and driven by new business opportunities in China...... and link up with domestic lead firms. In pursuing the principal objectives of the paper, we combine two analytical frameworks for the outside-in perspectives of economic geography with the more inside-out perspective from international business and organizational studies. On the one hand, this combination...

  16. Examining internationalization of the professional services firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaates, Maria Anne

    2003-01-01

    This study examines three Danish architectural firms' market-seeking internationalization efforts on the German market of the nineties, (a) to find suitable descriptive models of architectural and other professional service firms' project acquisition and internationalization efforts and (b......, explorative-integrative approach to the scrutiny of existing theories and models. Key contributions of the Industrial Marketing and Purchasing (IMP) group of researchers and its subgroup, the International Network for Project Marketing and Systems Selling (INPM), are scrutinized, as are elements of the French...... indicate that IMP models of internationalization and governance structure need to be modified somewhat in order to capture the key features of the relations between the actors involved in the internationalization of architectural services. Moreover, previously existing models of knowledge management did...

  17. The footprint of the JSF/F-35 Lightning II military jet in the Netherlands: geopolitical and geo-economic considerations in arms procurement and arms production

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mamadouh, V.; van der Wusten, H.

    2011-01-01

    While the European Union aims at developing a common foreign policy and a common arms market, European states still collaborate poorly in the field of actual defence procurement. National firms (each furtively supported by its national government) often compete with each other as much as with Americ

  18. Foreign Entry and Heterogeneous Growth of Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deng, Paul Duo; Jefferson, Gary H.

    distance from foreign firms. Domestic firms with smaller technological distance from their foreign counterparts tend to experience faster productivity growth, while firms with larger technological distance tend to lag further behind. We test this hypothesis using a unique firm-level data of Chinese...... manufacturing. Our empirical results confirm that foreign entry indeed generates strong heterogeneous growth patterns among domestic firms....

  19. What Is the Status of Indonesian E-Procurement?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Nurmandi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available E-procurement is an important intrument to prevent corruption in goods and services procurement budget. Indonesia has been implementing the e-procurement project since 2008 based on Presidential Decree. President has stipulating annual order (presidential instruction has to be obey by all ministries and local governments to procure their budget through r-procurement mechanism. However, untill 2012 fiscal year, this research found that only around 10.26% of central government institution procurement budget, including ministries and 21,10% of local government procurement budget did procure through e-procurement method. This research concluded that regulation, leadership and procurement intitution are challanging factors to make “status quo” e-procurement.

  20. 48 CFR 719.273-5 - Selection of Protégé firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...© firms. 719.273-5 Section 719.273-5 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS The U.S. Agency for International Development... responsible for selecting Protégé firms. Mentors are encouraged to select from a broad base of small...

  1. Framework for Structuring Procurement Contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lena Borg

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to propose a new framework for structuring contract types and payment methods. Concerning procurement contracts, the first important new feature of this framework is a stepwise structure with three main steps in the contract design: (1 what will be procured—should the contract only include construction, or should it include both construction and operation/maintenance (2 who will do the detailed design of the premise and (3 how many contractors will the client use? The second important new feature of this framework is that both step 2 and step 3 include a continuum of alternatives. Concerning payment methods, the new framework is primarily based on how the specific risks of the project are shared. These frameworks can be useful for policy formulation in that they can help to avoid some problematic ways of formulating policies.

  2. Traditional Procurement is too Slow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Kong

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on an exploratory interview survey of construction project participants aimed at identifying the reasons for the decrease in use of the traditional, lump-sum, procurement system in Malaysia. The results show that most people believe it is too slow. This appears to be in part due to the contiguous nature of the various phase and stages of the process and especially the separation of the design and construction phases. The delays caused by disputes between the various parties are also seen as a contributory factor - the most prominent cause being the frequency of variations, with design and scope changes being a particular source of discontent. It is concluded that an up scaling of the whole of the time related reward/penalty system may be the most appropriate measure for the practice in future.

  3. A COMPARISON OF A SIMPLE PROCUREMENT AUCTION AND GENERALIZED NASH BARGAINING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He HUANG; Hongyan XU; Jian CHEN

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a comparison mechanism for a simple procurement auction and generalized Nash bargaining solution in a procurement circumstance. The buyer who hopes to fulfill a project has two options. First, she may award the project to the old provider with an efficient quality by bargaining. Second, she may give the project to the firm who submits the lowest bid through a simple procurement second-price sealed-bid auction with a pre-fixed quality. We compare the expected revenue in the uction with the deterministic profit of the bargaining. In different parameters cases, we find the borderline functions between the two options with respect to the buyer's bargaining power and the amount of bidders. We also compare our simple procurement auction (SPA) with the optimal multidimensional bid auction by Che (1993), and find our model protects the buyer's private valuation information by forfeiting some profits. Some properties of the difference between the two auctions are proposed, especially there is no revenue difference when the amount of bidders approaches infinity.

  4. Extracting Firm Information from Administrative Records: The ASSD Firm Panel

    OpenAIRE

    Fink, Martina; Segalla, Esther; Weber, Andrea; Zulehner, Christine

    2010-01-01

    This paper demonstrates how firm information can be extracted from administrative social security records. We use the Austrian Social Security Database (ASSD) and derive firms from employer identifiers in the universe of private sector workers. To correctly pin down entry end exits we use a worker flow approach which follows clusters of workers as they move across administrative entities. This procedure enables us to define different types of entry and exit such as start-ups, spinoffs, closur...

  5. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PROCUREMENT FRAUD: SEBUAH KAJIAN DARI PERSPEKTIF PERSEPSIAN AUDITOR EKSTERNAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulaikha Zulaikha

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examines factors affecting fraud in the procurement of government’s goods and services from the independent auditor’s point of view. Based on fraud triangles and theory of planned behavior, this study proposes seven hypotheses which were tested using structural equation model (SEM-partial least square. This study used primary data gathered by survey to auditors of Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia in its head office and several selected representative offices. Respondents were asked to provide their answer/perception for questions in questionnaire regarding factors influencing the procurement fraud of government’s goods and services. The results show that the procurement frauds are significantly influenced by weaknesses in procurement system, lack of procurement committee's quality, and the intention to engage fraud. Furthermore, the intention to engage fraud are influenced by attitude, subjective norms, and the perceived behavioral control. These findings suggest that procurement frauds are associated with individual factors as rationalization and opportunities. These factors could be considered when designing internal control structure to restrain fraud behavior.

  6. Experiential learning not enough for organ procurement surgery: implications for perioperative nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Zaneta; Leslie, Gavin; Wynaden, Dianne

    2015-12-01

    Perioperative nurses play a vital role in assisting in surgical procedures for multiorgan procurement, receiving little education apart from on-the-job experiential learning when they are asked to participate in these procedures. Within an Australian context and as part of a larger study, this article describes issues that hindered perioperative nurses' participatory experiences as a result of lacking education, previous exposure, and preparation for assisting in surgical procedures for organ procurement. The grounded theory method was used to develop a substantive theory of perioperative nurses' experiences of participating in surgical procedures for multiorgan procurement. Thirty-five perioperative nurses who had experience in surgical procedures for organ procurement from regional, rural, and metropolitan hospitals of 2 Australian states, New South Wales and Western Australia, participated in the research. Levels of knowledge and experience emerged from the data as an influencing condition and was reported to affect the perioperative nurses' participatory experiences when assisting in procurement surgical procedures. Six components of levels of knowledge and experience were identified and are described. The findings from this study provide a unique contribution to the existing literature by providing an in-depth understanding of the educational needs of perioperative nurses in order to assist successfully in multiorgan procurement procedures. These findings could guide further research with implications for clinical initiatives or education programs specifically targeting the perioperative nursing profession both locally and internationally.

  7. THE PROCESS OF INTERNATIONALIZATION OF BRAZILIAN FIRMS: STUDY WITH FRANCHISORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Motta Romeiro Khauaja

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to analyze the process of internationalization of Brazilian firms, including the motivations for the internationalization, the modes of entry and the difficulties faced during this process. This research is relevant due to the importance of international management for Brazilian firms at the current global scenario. Firstly, it was developed a theoretical basis and, afterwards, an empirical qualitative and exploratory research was carried out. The data were collected from in depth interviews with the representatives of ten Brazilian franchisors that became international, which are associated to the Brazilian Association of Franchising (ABF, who gave support to the research. The analytical procedure adopted was the content analysis. Franchising was chosen because Brazil is one of the most developed countries in this field and franchising is recognized as an important booster of the globalization process. The interviews were conducted with either the owner of the firm or the marketing or international executive officers. The results of the empirical research show that, although Brazilian firms are late movers, the firms analyzed do not seem handicapped in terms of managerial capacity or technological competences. It is clear, nevertheless, that they are late movers because they have a huge internal market to explore. Adopting a global vision is very important, even if they prefer a gradual approach towards internationalization.

  8. The Role of Firm Ownership on Internationalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hobdari, Bersant; Gregoric, Aleksandra; Sinani, Evis

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates how different types of owners influence the extent of firm internationalization, measured by the share of firm exports in total sales. The results of the analysis carried out using firm level data of Estonian and Slovenian firms, show that the firms under the control...... in internationalization process. Finally, high market share also leads to increased internationalization through exports as firms seek to expand in foreign markets after having dominated the domestic ones....

  9. Firm and Product Heterogeneity in China's Automotive Exports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Wang

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to provide an in-depth analysis of the anatomy of China's automotive exports, relying on the literature on firm and product heterogeneity. For this purpose, we use highly disaggregated HS 8-digit product-category level data collected by the Chinese Customs Office for 2000 and 2008, and we distinguish between foreign firms, domestic public firms, and domestic private firms. We also decompose automotive products into autos and auto parts and components (P/C. We then calculate both the extensive margins – number of products exported – and intensive margins – average value of exports per product – of China's automotive exports. We estimate gravity equations to assess the determinants of China's exports of autos and auto P/C. Overall, our analysis yields a number of new, interesting stylized facts about China's automotive exports by confirming the need for taking into account different types of heterogeneity in analyzing international trade.

  10. Web traffic and firm performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farooq, Omar; Aguenaou, Samir

    2013-01-01

    Does the traffic generated by websites of firms signal anything to stock market participants? Does higher web-traffic translate into availability of more information and therefore lower agency problems? And if answers to above questions are in affirmative, does higher web-traffic traffic translate...... into better firm performance? This paper aims to answer these questions by documenting a positive relationship between the extent of web-traffic and firm performance in the MENA region during the 2010. We argue that higher web-traffic lowers the agency problems in firms by disseminating more information...... to stock market participants. Consequently, lower agency problems translate into better performance. Furthermore, we also show that agency reducing role of web-traffic is more pronounced in regimes where information environment is already bad. For example, our results show stronger impact of web-traffic...

  11. 14 CFR 1212.705 - Assistant Administrator for Procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Assistant Administrator for Procurement... ACT-NASA REGULATIONS NASA Authority and Responsibilities § 1212.705 Assistant Administrator for Procurement. The Assistant Administrator for Procurement is responsible for developing appropriate procurement...

  12. 41 CFR 51-2.8 - Procurement list.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Procurement list. 51-2.8... WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED § 51-2.8 Procurement list. (a) The Committee maintains a Procurement List which includes the commodities and services which shall be procured by Government...

  13. 41 CFR 105-72.506 - Procurement records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procurement records. 105... EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS 72.50-Post-Award Requirements/Procurement Standards § 105-72.506 Procurement records. Procurement records and files for purchases in excess of the...

  14. Government Control of Privatized Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Bortolotti, Bernardo; Faccio, Mara

    2007-01-01

    We study the change in government control of privatized firms in OECD countries. Results indicate that governments typically transfer ownership rights without relinquishing proportional control. Control is commonly retained by leveraging state investments through pyramids, dual-class shares, and golden shares. Indeed, at the end of 2000, after the largest privatization wave in history, governments retain control of 62.4% of privatized firms. In civil law countries, governments tend to retain ...

  15. Consumer Networks and Firm Reputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huck, Steffen; Lünser, Gabriele K.; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    Arguing that consumers are the carriers of firms' reputations, we examine the role of consumer networks for trust in markets that suffer from moral hazard. When consumers are embedded in a network, they can exchange information with their neighbours about their private experiences with different...... sellers. We find that such information exchange fosters firms' incentives for reputation building and, thus, enhances trust and efficiency in markets. This efficiency-enhancing effect is already achieved with a rather low level of network density...

  16. PROFITABILITY AND SIZE OF FIRM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Contents: The profit ratio as a measure of the relative ability of firms to expand; the profit dratio as a measure of efficiency; other uses of the... profit ratio; earlier studies using the profit ratio; valid conclusions of earlier studies; assets vs. net worth; methodology of this study...distribution of post-tax profit ratex; effect of taxes on the relative ability to expand; relative profitability of income firms; variability of profit rates

  17. Gross job flows and firms

    OpenAIRE

    Scott Schuh; Robert K. Triest

    1999-01-01

    This paper extends the work of Dunne, Roberts, and Samuelson [3] and Davis, Haltiwanger, and Schuh [2] on gross job flows among manufacturing plants. Gross job creation, destruction, and reallocation have been shown to be important in understanding the birth, growth, and death of plants, and the relation of plant life cycles to the business cycle. However, little is known about job flows between firms or how job flows among plants occur within firms (corporate restructuring). We use informati...

  18. Consumer Networks and Firm Reputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huck, Steffen; Lünser, Gabriele K.; Tyran, Jean-Robert

    Arguing that consumers are the carriers of firms' reputations, we examine the role of consumer networks for trust in markets that suffer from moral hazard. When consumers are embedded in a network, they can exchange information with their neighbours about their private experiences with different ...... sellers. We find that such information exchange fosters firms' incentives for reputation building and, thus, enhances trust and efficiency in markets. This efficiency-enhancing effect is already achieved with a rather low level of network density...

  19. Internationalization and Performance of Retail Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Assaf, A. George; Josiassen, Alexander; T. Ratchford, Brian

    2012-01-01

    This paper offers a fresh approach to the literature examining the effect of internationalization on retail-firm performance. We draw on the organizational learning theory to test the moderating effect of four variables which are hypothesized to affect the performance of internationalizing...... retailers through facilitating the transfer of learning in international markets. The study innovates by introducing a new performance metric, and an advanced methodology to account for the dynamic aspects of organizational learning. Testing our hypotheses on a sample of international retailers, we find...... that the relationship between internationalization and performance is U-shaped, and moderated by mergers and acquisitions, age at entry to international markets and country of origin. The findings extend prior research by providing more comprehensive evidence regarding the conditions under which internationalization...

  20. Measuring effects of public procurement of innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rolfstam, Max

    not always manifest in ways that are easily quantified on aggregate levels. Other effects may emerge over time, as results of multi-causal effects, which may yet further impose measuring difficulties. Yet a further challenge consists of the uncertainties regarding to what extent the sometimes bold claims...... qualitative and quantitative studies have been made, they tend to lack connection to the underlying mechanisms envisaged in the conceptual and/or case based literature. A challenge in this endeavour prevails in the nature of how public procurement of innovation works. Some of the effects rendered may...... about the usefulness of public procurement of innovation are at all realistic and feasible in practice. After reviewing different currently available means to measure both public procurement of innovation measures, as well as public procurement of innovation, the paper outlines a case-based approach...

  1. 75 FR 19945 - Procurement List; Proposed Deletions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ... from the Procurement List: Services Service Type/Location: Catering Service, San Antonio Detention Center, 8940 Fourwinds Dr., San Antonio, TX. NPA: Goodwill Industries of San Antonio, San Antonio,...

  2. 34 CFR 74.44 - Procurement procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... enterprises. (c) The type of procuring instruments used (e.g., fixed price contracts, cost reimbursable... organization's exemption from the Federal prohibition on employment discrimination on the basis of religion,...

  3. 25 CFR 276.12 - Procurement standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... non-competitive practices among contractors which may restrict or eliminate competition or otherwise... competitive procurements, such description shall not contain features which unduly restrict competition... contracts for transportation or transmission of intelligence. (8) Contracts or agreements, the...

  4. Innovative Procurement and Partnerships in Facilities Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per Anker

    2010-01-01

    cases from the Nordic countries in Europe shows, that the most outstanding examples of innovation in FM are initiated from the demand side and involves new forms of procurement with long term contracts. This paper considers in-depth two differing examples of such innovative procurement approaches from......Aim: The aim of the paper is to present, analyse and identify learning from two case studies of innovative procurement in Facilities Management (FM) concerning the establishments of partnerships between clients and providers. Approach and methodology: A major study of FM best practice covering 36...... municipal buildings and sports facilities in parts of the city of Copenhagen. Each of the case studies has involved both the client and the provider side of the collaboration. The paper presents, compare and analyze the two cases regarding intentions, procurement methods, forms of collaborations...

  5. Innovative Procurement and Partnerships in Facilities Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per Anker

    2011-01-01

    A major study of facilities management best practice covering 36 cases from the Nordic countries in Europe shows, that the most outstanding examples of innovation in FM are initiated from the demand side and involves new forms of procurement with long term contracts. This paper considers in depth...... two differing examples of such innovative procurement approaches. The first example is from a private pharmaceutical corporation, which has used so-called function based procurement in relation to office buildings. The second example is from a public organization, which has entered into so......-called operational partnerships with private providers concerning all municipal buildings and sports facilities in parts of a city. Each of the case studies has involved both the client and the provider side of the collaboration. The cases show that an essential element in a successful procurement and partnership...

  6. Greening Non-Product-Related Procurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mosgaard, Mette; Riisgaard, Henrik; Huulgaard, Rikke Dorothea

    2013-01-01

    are well described in literature: Green supply chain management in the business-to-business area, green public procurement, and, finally green private consumption. The latest strategy with special emphasis on non-product-related procurement makes sense from a macro-level perspective: the small...... link to the strategy for greening private consumption, as similarities exist and the purchasers lean on their private experiences when purchasing non-product related items; and finally, 3) Intensify the efforts in product categories in which strict normative legislation makes management more motivated.......Green procurement in Denmark is developing with a new strategy with special emphasis on non-product-related procurement; i.e., all products that are not directly transformed into the product produced by the company, for example cleaning detergents and office supplies. Three earlier strategies...

  7. 77 FR 32592 - Procurement List; Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... notices of proposed additions to the Procurement List. After consideration of the material presented to it... CONS LGC, Beale AFB, CA. Service Type/Location: Contractor-Operated Civil Engineer Supply Store...

  8. Government Procurement Agreements and Telecommunications Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shin-Won Kang

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The opening of the telecommunications market is acceleration due to the world trends of deregulation and privatization under the WTO basic telecommunications agreements. Diversification of services and fast and efficient equipment procurement are becoming necessary conditions for the survival of telecommunications operators. However, the issue here is that telecommunications operators are still bound by the GPA (Government Procurement Agreement based on conditions of monopoly even though the procurement market in Korean is open substantially since 1997. Under such conditions, the continued application of the GPA on telecommunications operator who is highly competitive may result in a negative impact on the telecommunications business and quality of telecommunications service by undermining the autonomy of operator and decreasing operator’s procurement competitiveness. Therefore, this study examines the GPA and the issues raised by the agreement, and also attempts to suggest revisions or means of abrogating the unfair GPA with regards to the development and deregulation of the telecommunications business.

  9. 76 FR 22680 - Procurement List; Deletions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-22

    ... Procurement List: Services Service Type/Location: Dispatcher. Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 7305 N.... Contracting Activity: Department of Veterans Affairs. Service Type/Location: Grounds Maintenance. Waco Distribution Center, 1801 Exchange Park, Waco, TX. NPA: Statewide Consolidated Community Development...

  10. 77 FR 27737 - Procurement List Proposed Additions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-11

    ..., compartmented trays, beverage containers, insulated food containers and inserts, full vegetable preparation... Procurement List for production by the nonprofit agencies listed: Services Service Type/Location: Mess..., clean food service equipment, utensils, and perform dishwashing, clean and sanitize all pots,...

  11. Federal Procurement Data System - FPDS API

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — The Federal Procurement Data System (FPDS) Next Generation has been re-engineered as a real-time federal enterprise information system. Web services based on SOAP...

  12. When does inward technology licensing facilitate firms' NPD performance? A contingency perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Yuandi; Li-Ying, Jason

    2014-01-01

    Many firms find inward technology licensing (ITL), as a means to access external technological knowledge, an effective and relatively inexpensive way for new product development (NPD). However, although the literature has suggested some advantages and disadvantages of ITL with respect to NPD...... be investigated through a contingency perspective. Thus, this study posits that a firm's propensity to develop new products through ITL is contingent upon two categories of contingency factors that are internal and external to firms. Using a dataset containing information about Chinese firms' licensing activities......, we find support for our hypotheses: the positive relationship between ITL and NPD performance of a licensee firm is moderated by firms' absolute and relative absorptive capacity and the knowledge endowment in the region where the licensee firm operates....

  13. Procurement risk management: a case in Turkish energy industry

    OpenAIRE

    HAKSÖZ, Çağrı; Haksoz, Cagri; Arslan, Özgür; Arslan, Ozgur

    2010-01-01

    We present the current procurement risk management practice of Enerjisa, a major energy company in Turkey. We provide results of a managerial survey and interview conducted at Enerjisa, which illuminates the current perception of the critical procurement risks and how they are being managed effectively. Especially, we shed light on the procurement risk awareness and perception, critical drivers of procurement risks, risk assessment strategies, operational and financial hedging of procurement ...

  14. Process technology implications of procurement process: some initial observations

    OpenAIRE

    Ellmer, E.; Emmerich, W.; Finkelstein, A

    1998-01-01

    We report on a study of procurement processes in a large organization. The purpose of the study was to identify problems in the organization’s procurement processesand to suggestimprovement actions.Procurement processesdetermine the characteristics of software processes. Procurement processes are themselves complex and amenable to process technology. Cost and scheduling benefits can be realised if procurement and contracting organizations integrate their respective processes...

  15. What Is the Status of Indonesian E-Procurement?

    OpenAIRE

    Achmad Nurmandi

    2013-01-01

    E-procurement is an important intrument to prevent corruption in goods and services procurement budget. Indonesia has been implementing the e-procurement project since 2008 based on Presidential Decree. President has stipulating annual order (presidential instruction) has to be obey by all ministries and local governments to procure their budget through r-procurement mechanism. However, untill 2012 fiscal year, this research found that only around 10.26% of central government institution proc...

  16. Environmental policies in an international mixed duopoly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Fernanda A.; Ferreira, Flávio

    2009-11-01

    The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of environmental and trade policies in an international mixed duopoly serving two markets. We suppose that the firm in the home country is a welfare-maximizing public firm, while the firm in the foreign country is its own profit-maximizing private firm. We find that the environmental tax can be a strategic instrument for the home government to distribute production from the foreign private firm to the home public firm. An additional effect of the home environmental tax is the reduction of the foreign private firm's output for local consumption, thereby expanding the foreign market for the home public firm.

  17. Multidimensional procurement auctions with unknown weights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Thomas

    This paper studies the consequences of holding a procurement auction when the principal chooses not to show its preferences. My paper extends the procurement auction model of Che (1993) to a situation where both the principal and the agents have private information. Thus, unknown parameters of bo...... gives rise to an analysis of a principal that can not fully commit to the outcome induced by the scoring rule. Therefore, my result apply to contract theory and it’s problems with imperfect commitment....

  18. An evaluation of transit procurement training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noland, Robert B; Weiner, Marc D; Klein, Nicholas J; Puniello, Orin D

    2017-04-01

    We evaluated a training course called "Orientation to Transit Procurement", designed and conducted by the National Transit Institute. This course is designed to provide Federal Transit Administration (FTA) grantees an overview of regulations and best practices related to the procurement process. Our objective in conducting the evaluation was to understand how transit agency staff made changes in procurement practices in response to the course training. The evaluation was mixed mode: an Internet survey followed by in-depth interviews with a small group of respondents. Survey respondents were also provided with an open-ended question providing us with additional context for our evaluation. Results show that the training is substantially successful at meeting the goal of improving procurement practices at transit agencies; indeed, most respondents report making changes at their agencies as the proximate result of the training. This was at odds with our exploration of knowledge of procurement topics, as most respondents gave inaccurate answers on multiple-choice "knowledge questions". This may have been due to question structure or, more likely, the nature of online surveys. Suitable training on the procurement of information technology was also a main concern. The lack of training in this area is indicative of the broader challenge facing public transit agencies in how to incorporate new forms of technology into their existing practices and bureaucratic structures.

  19. E-Procurement System Technology: An Analysis in Electronic Procurement Service Unit (LPSE) of Kepulauan Riau Province

    OpenAIRE

    Rendra Setyadiharja; Shahril Budiman; Zamzami A Karim; Raja Abumanshur Matridi; Junriana Junriana; Ferizone Ferizone; Achmad Nurmandi

    2014-01-01

    The practice of corruption always exist in public goods and service procurement in Indonesia. The Government efforts in reducing this case are doing new breakthrough like creating new system of service and goods procurement in an electronic way, usually called E-Procurement. After being instructed by Presidential Regulation number 54, year of 2010, the Local Government must use the E-Procurement System in the process of goods and service procurement, including Kepulauan Riau Province. This Re...

  20. Merger incentives and the failing firm defense

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouckaert, J.M.C.; Kort, P.M.

    2014-01-01

    The merger incentives between profitable firms differ fundamentally from the incentives of a profitable firm to merge with a failing firm. We investigate these incentives under different modes of price competition and Cournot behavior. Our main finding is that firms strictly prefer exit of the faili

  1. Merger incentives and the failing firm defense

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouckaert, J.M.C.; Kort, P.M.

    2014-01-01

    The merger incentives between profitable firms differ fundamentally from the incentives of a profitable firm to merge with a failing firm. We investigate these incentives under different modes of price competition and Cournot behavior. Our main finding is that firms strictly prefer exit of the

  2. Why do Worker-Firm Matches Dissolve?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gielen, A. C.; van Ours, J.C.

    2006-01-01

    In a dynamic labor market worker-firm matches dissolve frequently causing workers to separate and firms to look for replacements.A separation may be initiated by the worker (a quit) or the firm (a layoff), or may result from a joint decision.A dissolution of a worker-firm match may be ineffcient if

  3. The Supply of Trade Credit by Brazilian Publicly Traded Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Felipe Schiozer

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the determinants of trade credit supply by Brazilian publicly traded companies between the years of 2005 and 2008. International literature (both theoretical and empirical documents that the main determinants of trade credit supply are the size of the firm and the size of its debt. Both indicate that the availability of resources to the firm is an important factor for the supply of trade credit. In addition, the literature confirms strategic uses of trade credit such as those for price discrimination purposes. The results obtained using a sample of 157 Brazilian companies do not support that size and indebtedness are relevant determinants for trade credit supply, but they confirm the supply of trade credit as a strategic tool for the firms. Additionally we observed a significant decrease in trade credit supply in 2008, the year in which a severe international financial crisis took place.

  4. Family firm research – A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiang Cheng

    2014-09-01

    Part I of the article discusses the fundaments of family firms: the prevalence of and the agency conflicts within family firms. Part II summarizes the findings of recent U.S. family firm studies. It reviews the evidence on the family firm premium (how, which, and when family firms are associated with a valuation premium, the manifestation of the agency conflict between majority and minority shareholders in family firms, earnings quality and corporate disclosure, and the determinants of family ownership and control. Part III discusses the prevalence and characteristics of Chinese family firms and reviews the findings of related studies. The article concludes with some suggestions for future research.

  5. The Internationalisation of Service Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blagoeva, Denitsa Hazarbassanova

    The question the thesis aims at resolving is: How do the value creation logics of firms impact their internationalisation? The overall aim of this PhD project is to explore and test an approach to understanding the internationalisation of service firms, based not on opposing them to manufacturing...... Monetary Fund, the World Bank and OECD, 2014). The attention to internationalisation of services has significantly increased and yet, many questions remain open (e.g. Pla-Barber and Ghauri, 2012).......The question the thesis aims at resolving is: How do the value creation logics of firms impact their internationalisation? The overall aim of this PhD project is to explore and test an approach to understanding the internationalisation of service firms, based not on opposing them to manufacturing...... ones, looking at descriptive service characteristics nor industry effects, but on the way they create value. Why and how are service firms different? and What are the drivers behind their internationalisation? are the questions motivating this PhD project. It explores if the value creation...

  6. Process Ambidexterity for Entrepreneurial Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia D. Bot

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Technology-based entrepreneurial firms must effectively support both mainstream exploitation and new-stream exploration in order to remain competitive for the long term. The processes that support exploitation and exploration initiatives are different in terms of logistics, payoff horizons, and capabilities. Few firms are able to strike a balance between the two, where mainstream exploitation usually trumps new-stream exploration. The ultimate goal is for the firm to operate effectively in a repeatable, scalable, and systematic manner, rather than relying on good luck and hoping either to come up with the next innovation or for the product to function according to its requirements. This article builds on the author’s years of experience in building businesses and transforming medium and large-sized, entrepreneurial technology firms, leading large-scale breakthrough and sustained performance improvements by using and evolving Lean Six Sigma methodologies, and reviews of technology innovation management and entrepreneurship literature. This article provides a process-based perspective to understanding and addressing the issues on balancing mainstream exploitation and new-stream exploration in medium and large-sized entrepreneurial firms and extending it to startups. The resulting capability is known as process ambidexterity and requires disciplined, agile, and lean business management.

  7. Multi-business firms, knowledge flows and intra-network open innovations

    OpenAIRE

    Villasalero, Manuel

    2014-01-01

    The increasing competition in the marketplace has led firms to change their innovation patterns to a more open system according to which they rely on networks to manage knowledge resources and innovate. The so-called open innovation paradigm has been developed by taking single-business firms and external networks as cornerstones of the standard model. However, in the case of multi-business firms, the role of internal networks has been neglected. Business units within multi-business corporatio...

  8. Investment implications of a restricted universe : "the forbidden list" in accounting firms"

    OpenAIRE

    Dorsman, A.B.; Amstelveen, E.; Kuijl, J.G.; Dijk, van, Nico M.

    2007-01-01

    Accounting firms have generally used a broad range of measures and internal procedures in an effort to prevent running into potential trouble. The nature of their controlling tasks suggests they might become privy to price sensitive information, which could lead to abuse or suspicion of abuse if the accounting firms (senior) partners are trading at the stock exchange. To avoid these problems accounting firms forbid partners to invest in all stocks. Such a policy has the disadvantage that it l...

  9. "The forbidden list" in Accounting Firms: A study into the foundations of CRM success

    OpenAIRE

    Amstelveen, Euydice; van Dijk, Erik; Dorsman, André; Kuijl, Hans

    2007-01-01

    Accounting firms have generally used a broad range of measures and internal procedures in an effort to prevent running into potential trouble. The nature of their controlling tasks suggests they might become privy to price sensitive information, which could lead to abuse or suspicion of abuse if the accounting firms (senior) partners are trading at the stock exchange. To avoid these problems accounting firms forbid partners to invest in all stocks. Such a policy has the disadvantage that it l...

  10. Multinationality and Firm Performance: The Moderating Role of R&D and Marketing Capabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Masaaki Kotabe; Srini S. Srinivasan; Aulakh,Preet S.

    2002-01-01

    Researchers in international business have long been interested in understanding the relationship between the multinationality of a firm and its market performance. This article contributes to this research stream by incorporating firm heterogeneity in examining the multinationality-performance relationship. The findings, based on a time series cross-sectional analysis of firms from 12 different industries over a seven-year period, indicate that the impact of multinationality on both financia...

  11. Visit of Belgian firms at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Caroline Laignel - FI

    2006-01-01

    3 - 4 APRIL 2006 9.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. Monday 3 April 9.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. Tuesday 4 April Individual interviews will take place in technicians' offices. The firms will contact relevant users/technicians but any user wishing to make contact with a particular firm is welcome to use the contact details which are available from each departmental secretariat or from the Purchasing web pages at the following URL http://fi-dep.web.cern.ch/fi-dep/structure/memberstates/exhibitions_visits.htm List of Companies: Alcatel Alenia Space Etca ALM ATS Vanwers Cegelec SA Cherokee Europe Cincom Systems International SA DB Engineering BVBA FOS & S BVBA GDM Electronics NV Gemaco SA LMS International NV Management Centre Europe MD Technology Mecasoft SA N.E.T. Research Polmans SA Resarm Engineering Plastics SA Sogeti Belux Syreg SA Tein Telecom SA Groupe Vincott For further information please contact Mrs C. Laignel FI-DI 73722.

  12. 22 CFR 124.13 - Procurement by United States persons in foreign countries (offshore procurement).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... procurement of defense articles, provided that: (a) The contract or purchase order for offshore procurement... information or manufacturing know-how); and (c) The contract or purchase order between the person in the... defense articles required by the contract or purchase order only; and (2) Prohibits the disclosure of...

  13. International Entrepreneurship and Sourcing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Servais, Per; Zucchella, Antonella; Palamera, Giada

    2006-01-01

    This contribution focuses on international sourcing as an entrepreneurial act and aims at demonstrating that it is actually at the core of internationalization processes of small firms, both established and international new ventures. Another issue of this research is to understand how these firm...

  14. Who benefits from firm-sponsored training?

    OpenAIRE

    Dostie, Benoit

    2015-01-01

    Workers participating in firm-sponsored training receive higher wages as a result. But given that firms pay the majority of costs for training, shouldn't they also benefit? Empirical evidence shows that this is in fact the case. Firm-sponsored training leads to higher productivity levels and increased innovation, both of which benefit the firm. Training can also be complementary to, and enhance, other types of firm investment, particularly in physical capital, such as information and communic...

  15. Earnings Management Priorities of Private Family Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Abdolmohammadi, Mohammad; Kvaal, Erlend; Langli, John Christian

    2010-01-01

    We compare earnings management priorities of private family and private non-family firms. Our study is made possible by the availability of a new and unique database on family relationships between CEOs, board members and owners of private Norwegian firms. We hypothesize and find that compared with private non-family firms, private family firms are likely to manage earnings downward. However, we also find that highly leveraged private family firms make more income increasing accounting choice...

  16. Social and cultural capital in project marketing service firms: Danish architectural firms on the German market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaates, Maria Anne; Tikkanen, Henrikki; Alajoutsijärvi, Kimmo

    2002-01-01

    This article analyses the marketing activities of three Danish architectural firms in Germany during the 1990s from a perspective that is new to project marketing, in that the Bourdivan concepts of social and cultural capital are applied to the offerings and activities of firms. In architecture......, cultural capital accumulation entails such things as building visible buildings, winning design competitions, or obtaining important tenders, whereas social capital is accumulated through the recognition by other construction industry actors that one is a member of their circles. The cases presented...... provide support for our claim that the accumulation of social and cultural capital is crucial to acquiring architectural projects, while also indicating that cultural and social capital are internationally transferable to a limited extent only. This in turn suggests that national construction industries...

  17. Transformation of fraud activities in procurement system in Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setiani, N.; Huda, S. N.; Pulungan, R.; Winarko, E.

    2017-03-01

    E-procurement has been applied in Indonesia since 2008 through the adoption of Electronic Procurement System (SPSE). The purpose of the use of SPSE in the procurement process is to improve the efficiency of goods or services procurement. In the bidding process, intensive communication and data exchange between providers and organizers are urgently needed. Through SPSE, the frequency of face to face meetings between providers and the committee can be reduced. This is expected to minimize potential fraud behaviors in the goods or services procurement conducted through the tender process. There exists a transformation of activities in the procurement through SPSE from the tender process that was previously done manually. In this paper, we analyze this transformation between manual procurement process and SPSE-based procurement process. The result of the analysis is exploited for investigating the possibility of fraud behavior transformations in every phase of e-procurement activities.

  18. Networking for knowledge capacity building of procurement professionals in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernest Kissi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The role of public procurement professionals in achieving value for money in public procurement activities is widely acknowledged around the globe. This has inspired the organisation of training programmes and workshops for procurement professionals, particularly those in developing countries in order to hone their knowledge and skills for proper management of government projects. This paper sought to explore the opportunities in networking for knowledge in capacity building of procurement professionals in Ghana. The study adopted mixed research methods for both data collection and analysis. The paper revealed that professional networking can offer procurement professionals the opportunity to acquire new knowledge from external professionals, knowing global trends about procurement practice and glean new information from other institutions about procurement. It is recommended that a platform that can support a network of procurement professionals in Ghana should be developed in order to ensure effective interaction and communication among procurement professionals for their capacity building.

  19. 48 CFR 719.271-7 - Reports on procurement actions that are exempted from screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reports on procurement actions that are exempted from screening. 719.271-7 Section 719.271-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Policies...

  20. [The SWOT analysis and strategic considerations for the present medical devices' procurement].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Bin; He, Meng-qiao; Cao, Jian-wen

    2006-05-01

    In this paper, the SWOT analysis method is used to find out the internal strength, weakness, exterior opportunities and threats of the present medical devices' procurements in hospitals and some strategic considerations are suggested as "one direction, two expansions, three changes and four countermeasures".

  1. Knowledge management in the firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle; Nielsen, Peter

    2011-01-01

    /methodology/approach – The dimensions of knowledge management are identified and related to learning, organizational configurations, human resources management and institutional environments in order to identify and percent the most important approaches to knowledge management and the development over time. Findings – Creating...... to innovation and illustrates how combinations of these might benefit firm performance. It also stresses the preconditions of employee involvement and participation to knowledge management and not least the importance of interaction with environmental resources. To improve performance firms should be aware...... the theoretical arguments should also be valid for the public sector. Originality/value – The paper relates knowledge management to theoretical approaches on learning, organization and innovation and shows the growing importance of these constructs in firm performance....

  2. How Firms Make Boundary Decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dobrajska, Magdalena; Billinger, Stephan; Becker, Markus

    2014-01-01

    We report findings from an analysis of 234 firm boundary decisions that a manufacturing firm has made during a 10 year period. Extensive interviews with all major decision makers located both at the headquarters and subsidiaries allow us to examine (a) who was involved in each boundary decision......, and (b) how the firm arrived at a particular transactional choice in each decision. We find that decision makers extensively adapt decision structures in order to effectively make governance mode choices. They adapt hierarchy span, i.e. the number of hierarchical levels involved, and expertise span, i.......e. the number of same-level decision makers with dissimilar knowledge basis. We observe that decision makers heavily rely on varying hierarchy and expertise span in order to improve the quality of the decision outcome. Central to the adaption of decision structures is that decision makers, over time...

  3. Flexible procurement systems is key to supply chain sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surajit Bag

    2016-01-01

    follow environmental norms. This helps in reducing wastage and developing alternate raw materials, which are eco-friendly in nature. Environmental certifications of suppliers help in improving the image of the buyer firm in the business environment and attract more customers.Conclusion: It is found that FPSs have a positive relationship with supply chain sustainability. In the end, the author highlights implications for supply chain practitioners and researchers.Keywords: Flexible Procurement; Sustainability; Supply chain network; TISM

  4. Firm Culture and Leadership as Firm Performance Predictors : a Resource-Based Perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilderom, C.P.M.; van den Berg, P.

    2000-01-01

    In this study, we tested part of the resource-based view of the firm by examining two 'soft' resources, firm culture and top leadership, as predictors of 'hard' or bottom-line firm performance.Transformational top leadership was found to predict firm performance directly while the link between firm

  5. Firm Culture and Leadership as Firm Performance Predictors : a Resource-Based Perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wilderom, C.P.M.; van den Berg, P.

    2000-01-01

    In this study, we tested part of the resource-based view of the firm by examining two 'soft' resources, firm culture and top leadership, as predictors of 'hard' or bottom-line firm performance.Transformational top leadership was found to predict firm performance directly while the link between firm

  6. The Relationship between Offshoring Strategies and Firm Performance: Impact of innovation, absorptive capacity and firm size

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.W. Roza-van Vuren (Marja)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractHow do offshoring strategies impact firm performance? And how are innovation, absorptive capacity and firm size influencing this relationship? This research investigates how firms of varying size, well-established firms and growing firms may profit from relocating business activities to

  7. A demographic approach to firm dynamics: formation of new firms and survival of old ones

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijkamp, P.; Geenhuizen, van M.

    1995-01-01

    This paper introduces a new approach to firm dynamics, named demography of firms. It is the study of demographic events in a population of firms. Thepaper argues that withina demographic approach, attention should be paid to a broad range of firm dynamics, including both new firm formation and survi

  8. The Relationship between Offshoring Strategies and Firm Performance: Impact of innovation, absorptive capacity and firm size

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.W. Roza-van Vuren (Marja)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractHow do offshoring strategies impact firm performance? And how are innovation, absorptive capacity and firm size influencing this relationship? This research investigates how firms of varying size, well-established firms and growing firms may profit from relocating business activities to

  9. PUBLIC PROCUREMENT IN GHANA: THE IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES TO THE PUBLIC PROCUREMENT LAW 2003 (ACT 663

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ameyaw, Collins

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify various implementation bottlenecks to the Ghana Public Procurement Law 2003 (Act 663. The study adopted multiple research approaches, including; review of relevant literature, interviews and questionnaire survey of 49 District Assemblies and Metropolitan and Municipal Assemblies in the Ashanti and Brong Ahafo Regions of Ghana. The study identified low capacity of procurement professionals, low interaction between procurement entities and Public Procurement Authority (PPA, deliberate controlling of competition, non-compliance with provisions of the law, splitting of contracts into smaller lots, lack of funds and non-cooperativeness of suppliers, as the major challenges militating against the implementation of the Public Procurement Law.

  10. Markups and Firm-Level Export Status

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Loecker, Jan; Warzynski, Frederic

    Estimating markups has a long tradition in industrial organization and international trade. Economists and policy makers are interested in measuring the effect of various competition and trade policies on market power, typically measured by markups. The empirical methods that were developed in em...... in opening up the productivity-export black box, and provide a potential explanation for the big measured productivity premia for firms entering export markets.......Estimating markups has a long tradition in industrial organization and international trade. Economists and policy makers are interested in measuring the effect of various competition and trade policies on market power, typically measured by markups. The empirical methods that were developed...... in empirical industrial organization often rely on the availability of very detailed market-level data with information on prices, quantities sold, characteristics of products and more recently supplemented with consumer-level attributes. Often, both researchers and government agencies cannot rely...

  11. Firm-Specific Learning and the Nature of the Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Thorbjørn

    2007-01-01

    in the absence of transaction costs related to the market mode of organisation. Comparing the relative importance of transaction cost and capabilities explanations for the existence of the firm, there is no a priori reason to assume the supremacy of one type of explanation over the other. We argue...... that a conjoint research program, encompassing both transaction costs and capabilities, must be developed and tested empirically. Cet article discute les limites d'une explication de l'existence de la firme fondée exclusivement sur les coûts de transaction en indiquant quelques facteurs additionnels susceptibles...... d'intervenir. Un modèle heuristique simple montre que les effets d'apprentissage spécifiques à la firme peuvent surmonter les coûts de surveillance des employés et expliquer l'existence de la firme même en l'absence de coûts de transaction liés au mode d'organisation de marché. Une comparaison de l'importance...

  12. Audit firm rotation, audit firm tenure and earnings conservatism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kramer, S.T.; Georgakopoulos, G.; Sotiropoulos, I.; Vasileiou, K.Z.

    2011-01-01

    This study aims to contribute to the debate around the possibility of mandating audit firm rotation. Specifically, it examines conservatism as an attribute of earnings quality, which has not attracted particular attention in the auditor rotation research. Applying regression analyses on a sample,

  13. Social security and firm performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torm, Nina; Lee, Sangheon

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between job quality and firm performance has been much debated with mixed evidence, and the evidence is particularly limited in the case of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in emerging economies. This paper investigates how social security provision as a key determining factor......) in that the benefits may not realize in the immediate term. Thus, specific policy measures such as subsidising social insurance contributions for small firms during an initial period until the business becomes viable could potentially encourage active participation in mandatory schemes. A series of robustness check...

  14. Industrial Network Membership: reducing psychic distance hazards in internationalization of firms

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, João Carvalho; Ferreira,Manuel Portugal; Reis, Nuno Manuel Rosa dos

    2012-01-01

    The network approach to internationalization of firms has been the research focus of many international business scholars. Firms are increasingly involved in international business ventures and arguably need to learn to adapt to the idiosyncratic milieus of foreign markets. This paper proposes a conceptual model suggesting that integration in industrial networks strengthens corporate competitiveness in international markets. Network membership provides access to knowledge and a wider array of...

  15. Labour Cost and Export Behaviour of Firms in Indian Textile and Clothing Industry

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The implementation of the Agreement on Textile and Clothing (ATC) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) renders both threats and opportunities to India’s Textile and Clothing (T&C) industry in the wake of liberal international trade in the sector. Firms acquire greater international competitiveness through various cost cutting and efficiency enhancing strategies. The question we try to ponder on is, what route does Indian firms take to join the international export market in T&C. Empirical an...

  16. FROM INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS TO FIRMS NETWORKS: THE ITALIAN CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    colantonio emiliano

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The local source for competitiveness is vital to achieve static and dynamic economies of scale for firms; it is useful to interact with the aim of learning and innovating. The local system can create benefit by opening to international markets and it should be a good source of knowledge and technology. Nowadays, the concept of industrial district, usually characterized by the spatial proximity of the involved firms, may evolve into firms network; this may emphasize the advantages deriving from cooperation, without the need of spatial proximity. Firms networks may represent the evolution of industrial districts, where territoriality is overcome by the dissolution of borders. The importance of firms networks is increased since they intensify information exchange, continuous learning, stimulate economies of scale, allow economic development and give more market opportunities. Firms networks share different aims, resource, common interests and factors, like material and immaterial inputs and outputs. This new form of cooperation may allow to overcome physical distance and replicate knowledge and information. Firms networks may represent a success organizational forms that may give impetus to development in an economy. They are based on mutual trust between partners and are created over time to facilitate information circulation, knowledge dissemination and innovation. Trust reduces uncertainty and transaction cost and limits the opportunistic behaviour by free-rider agents. The aim of the paper is to assess the determinants for firms networks training in the Italian context using regional data. Particularly, the firms networks development needs key factors such as ICTs diffusion, high rate of social security, open capability, RxD activities. These factor constitute the basis for a new kind of capital, the so called “network capital”. It consists of collaborative practices in a network as the result of cooperation in the ICTs era. Network capital

  17. Key factors for successful export performance for small firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouthers, L.E.; Nakos, G.; Hadjimarcou, J.; Brouthers, K.D.

    2009-01-01

    What key factors result in superior export performance for small firms from small countries? Drawing on the internationalization process model and organizational learning theory, the authors hypothesize and find that (1) emphasizing international sales while (2) restricting exports to a few foreign

  18. Effect of Knowledge Sources on Firm Level Innovation in Tanzania

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Osoro, O.; Vermeulen, P.A.M.; Knoben, J.; Kahyarara, G.

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyses the impact of different sources of knowledge on product and process innovation in Tanzania using firm-level data. We specifically analyse the separate impacts of internal knowledge, external knowledge and the combined impact of both types of knowledge on firms’ product and proces

  19. New Kiwifruit Cultivar Carves a Firm Niche in European Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ While enhancing the world kiwifruit production by developing new cultivars,CAS researchers are gaining a firm foothold in international kiwifruit market as they prolong their control over the propagation rights of a recently developed novel yellowfleshed cultivar, Jin Tao, in European countries.

  20. Considerations for personal health record procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monkman, Helen; Kushniruk, Andre

    2013-01-01

    Patients with chronic illnesses require tools and resources to facilitate self-management. Personal Health Records (PHRs) are a promising option for delivering these tools and resources to patients with chronic illnesses. As such, many organizations are becoming interested in PHR procurement. However, traditional procurement methods may not ensure the system success and adoption. In this study a group of subject matter experts discussed the possibility of converting a paper-based PHR into an electronic tool. These discussions resulted in generation of several important criteria for assessing commercially available PHR solutions and other considerations related to PHR procurement. These considerations should be contemplated and discussed with stakeholders prior to PHR procurement. In order to realize the benefits PHRs, it is imperative that the appropriate selection is made. Prior to purchase commitment, a trial period can prove extremely useful for performing usability analyses and ensuring interoperability. Supplementing traditional procurement methods with these preliminary user evaluations will increase the likelihood that the selected system best matches the needs of users and purchasers. Moreover, the risk of system failure and the risk of limited adoption of the PHR by the public will be reduced as a result of adopting these methods.

  1. Monitoring what governments "give for" and "spend on" vaccine procurement: Vaccine Procurement Assistance and Vaccine Procurement Baseline.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E A S Nelson

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Global Vaccine Action Plan will require, inter alia, the mobilization of financial resources from donors and national governments - both rich and poor. Vaccine Procurement Assistance (VPA and Vaccine Procurement Baseline (VPB are two metrics that could measure government performance and track resources in this arena. VPA is proposed as a new subcategory of Official Development Assistance (ODA given for the procurement of vaccines and VPB is a previously suggested measure of the share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP that governments spend on their own vaccine procurement. OBJECTIVE: To determine realistic targets for VPA and VPB. METHODS: Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD and World Bank data for 2009 were analyzed to determine the proportions of bilateral ODA from the 23 Development Assistance Committee (DAC countries disbursed (as % of GDP in current US$ for infectious disease control. DAC country contributions to the GAVI Alliance for 2009 were assessed as a measure of multilateral donor support for vaccines and immunization programs. FINDINGS: In 2009, total DAC bilateral ODA was 0.16% of global GDP and 0.25% of DAC GDP. As a percentage of GDP, Norway (0.013% and United Kingdom (0.0085% disbursed the greatest proportion of bilateral ODA for infectious disease control, and Norway (0.024% and Canada (0.008% made the greatest contributions to the GAVI Alliance. In 2009 0.02% of DAC GDP was US$7.61 billion and 0.02% of the GDP of the poorest 117 countries was US$2.88 billion. CONCLUSIONS: Adopting 0.02% GDP as minimum targets for both VPA and VPB is based on realistic estimates of what both developed and developing countries should spend, and can afford to spend, to jointly ensure procurement of vaccines recommended by national and global bodies. New OECD purpose codes are needed to specifically track ODA disbursed for a vaccine procurement; and b immunization programs.

  2. International project marketing: an introduction to the INPM approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaates, Maria Anne; Tikkanen, Henrikki

    2003-01-01

    Projects are often sold and procured. Therefore this paper reviews recent contributions of the International Network for Project Marketing and Systems Selling (INPM), emphasising the connection between the business relationships of individual projects and the wider environment in which project...... marketing takes place. First, we discuss various definitions of projects and project marketing. Second, we consider the implications of three specific features of project business--discontinuity, uniqueness, and complexity--over multiple projects. Third, we assess three overlapping types of postures...... that project-selling firms can adopt in relation to their marketing activities. Finally, we make some suggestions for practitioners responsible for marketing projects and discuss avenues for future academic work in project marketing....

  3. Drivers of Discretionary Firm Donations in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Bandeira-de-Mello

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Discretionary firm donation is usually related to the stakeholder theory and corporate social performance. Although theoretical explanations for this social behavior are pervasive in related literature, empirical modeling remains underdeveloped. We developed an explanatory structural model of discretionary firm donation using firm and industry level indicators. Unlike previous research, we estimated the explanatory power of the construct we called stakeholder orientation. Our tentative model was tested on a Brazilian sample of 101 publicly traded donor firms, using data on firm donations to social projects and to political candidates in electoral campaigns. The main results suggest that discretionary donation seems to be a strategy for managing conflicting claims in highly stakeholder oriented firms; the characteristics of the firm are more important than industry effects in explaining firm donations; and large firms, showing slack resources, and with a less concentrated ownership structure tend to engage in discretionary donation more intensively.

  4. Working capital management : the case of government-owned, transitional, and privatised manufacturing firms in Eritrea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tewolde, S.

    2002-01-01

    In this book we go into the concepts of internal and external working capital management. The research focuses specifically at the government, transition and privatised manufacturing firms in Eritrea. The objective of this research is to study the working capital management practices of these firms

  5. Working capital management : the case of government-owned, transitional, and privatised manufacturing firms in Eritrea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tewolde, S.

    2002-01-01

    In this book we go into the concepts of internal and external working capital management. The research focuses specifically at the government, transition and privatised manufacturing firms in Eritrea. The objective of this research is to study the working capital management practices of these firms

  6. Expansion patterns of Dutch firms in Central and Eastern Europe : Learning to internationalize

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drogendijk, H.J.

    2001-01-01

    In this study, the internationalization decisions of firms are looked at from a dynamic perspective. Internationalizing firms gradually build the experience that help them to reduce uncertainty and expand further into new international markets. Earlier experiences are seen as stepping stones that he

  7. The Importance of Geographical Proximity for New Product Development Activities within Inter-firm Linkages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlgren, Johan Henrich

    important as a resource and where collaboration partners are important. Hypotheses are tested by means of a quantitative analysis of a data set containing information about 4842 domestic and international inter-firm linkages of Danish firms in manufacturing industries. The findings in this analysis exhibit...

  8. Public bads and private firms: efficiency and sustainability with different allocations of voting rights

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prinz, Aloys; Burg, van der Tsjalle

    2013-01-01

    A number of authors have proposed that firms can internalize externalities through their shareholders. This paper investigates this proposition, focusing on public bads. Theoretically it is, indeed, possible that shareholders decide that the firm reduces its public bads at the cost of profits, there

  9. Born Global Firms: A Foreign Trade Related Study on Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aytaç GÖKMEN

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available With the comprehensive advent in information and communication technologies and worldwide ease of transportation, the volume of international trade and business increased profoundly. Within this process, a Born Global Firm (BGF, right from its initiation, aims at creating competitive advantage by marketing a large volume of its products in various international markets by utilizing technological advances. Therefore, the rational behind the idea of BGF is to become an international firm in a short period of time and making international business affairs core of its business activities. Thus, the aim of this study is to review the concept of BGF theoretically and relate the issue to foreign trade affairs resting on significant sources related to the Turkish case mainly focusing on trade statistics as to review the potential development of BGFs in Turkey.

  10. Public procurement of health technologies in Greece in an era of economic crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kastanioti, Catherine; Kontodimopoulos, Nick; Stasinopoulos, Dionysis; Kapetaneas, Nikolaos; Polyzos, Nikolaos

    2013-01-01

    Public procurement is generally an important sector of the economy and, in most countries, is controlled by the introduction of regulatory and policy mechanisms. In the Greek healthcare sector, recent legislation redefined centralized procurement through the reestablishment of a state Health Procurement Committee (EPY), with an aim to formulate a plan to reduce procurement costs of medical devices and pharmaceuticals, improve payment time, make uniform medical requests, transfer redundant materials from one hospital to another and improve management of expired products. The efforts described in this paper began in early 2010, under the co-ordination of the Ministry of Health (MoH) and with the collaboration of senior staff from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the European Commission (EC) and the European Central Bank (ECB). The procurement practices and policies set forth by EPY and the first measurable outcomes, in terms of cost savings, resulting from these policies are presented. The importance of these measures is discussed in light of the worst economic crisis faced by Greece since the restoration of democracy in 1974, as a result of both the world financial crisis and uncontrolled government spending.

  11. An official American Thoracic Society/International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation/Society of Critical Care Medicine/Association of Organ and Procurement Organizations/United Network of Organ Sharing Statement: ethical and policy considerations in organ donation after circulatory determination of death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gries, Cynthia J; White, Douglas B; Truog, Robert D; Dubois, James; Cosio, Carmen C; Dhanani, Sonny; Chan, Kevin M; Corris, Paul; Dark, John; Fulda, Gerald; Glazier, Alexandra K; Higgins, Robert; Love, Robert; Mason, David P; Nakagawa, Thomas A; Shapiro, Ron; Shemie, Sam; Tracy, Mary Fran; Travaline, John M; Valapour, Maryam; West, Lori; Zaas, David; Halpern, Scott D

    2013-07-01

    Donation after circulatory determination of death (DCDD) has the potential to increase the number of organs available for transplantation. Because consent and management of potential donors must occur before death, DCDD raises unique ethical and policy issues. To develop an ethics and health policy statement on adult and pediatric DCDD relevant to critical care and transplantation stakeholders. A multidisciplinary panel of stakeholders was convened to develop an ethics and health policy statement. The panel consisted of representatives from the American Thoracic Society, Society of Critical Care Medicine, International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation, Association of Organ Procurement Organizations, and the United Network of Organ Sharing. The panel reviewed the literature, discussed important ethics and health policy considerations, and developed a guiding framework for decision making by stakeholders. A framework to guide ethics and health policy statement was established, which addressed the consent process, pre- and post mortem interventions, the determination of death, provisions of end-of-life care, and pediatric DCDD. The information presented in this Statement is based on the current evidence, experience, and clinical rationale. New clinical research and the development and dissemination of new technologies will eventually necessitate an update of this Statement.

  12. Why Do Distressed Firms Acquire?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Q. Zhang (Quxian)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractAcquisitions made by distressed firms in recent years are economically important. This paper explores the rationale behind such acquisitions using a natural experiment. Exploiting a recent tax change which reduces debt restructuring costs for certain creditors and decreases bankruptcy

  13. Improving the firm's environmental conduct

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Thorbjørn; Koed Madsen, Tage

    2001-01-01

    lead to strategic advantage and, thus, economic gains at the firm level. In view of the great importance of this claim, the purpose of the present article was to apply resource-based insights in order to develop this reasoning further and provide an empirical test of three hypotheses related...

  14. Firm default and aggregate fluctuations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobson, Tor; Linde, Jesper; Roszbach, Kasper

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies the relationship between macroeconomic fluctuations and corporate defaults while conditioning on industry affiliation and an extensive set of firm-specific factors. By using a panel data set for virtually all incorporated Swedish businesses over 1990-2009, a period which includes

  15. 45 CFR 74.44 - Procurement procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... Consideration shall be given to such matters as contractor integrity, record of past performance, financial and... to utilize small businesses, minority-owned firms, and women's business enterprises, whenever... that small businesses, minority-owned firms, and women's business enterprises are used to the fullest...

  16. 28 CFR 70.44 - Procurement procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... Consideration must be given to such matters as contractor integrity, record of past performance, financial and... be made by recipients to utilize small businesses, minority-owned firms, and women's business... this goal. (1) Ensure that small businesses, minority-owned firms, and women's business enterprises are...

  17. 38 CFR 49.44 - Procurement procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... Consideration shall be given to such matters as contractor integrity, record of past performance, financial and... be made by recipients to utilize small businesses, minority-owned firms, and women's business... this goal. (1) Ensure that small businesses, minority-owned firms, and women's business enterprises are...

  18. Social work perspectives in organ procurement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geva, J; Weinman, M L

    1995-11-01

    The gap between the supply of and demand for organs for transplantation has widened in the past two decades, resulting in low quality of life and increased mortality for people waiting for a transplant. Current strategies for organ procurement are inadequate; therefore, alternative methods have been suggested. In the center of the debate are the required request strategy, which endorses the informed consent principle, and the presumed consent strategy, which assumes but does not require explicit consent from the donor. To date social workers have not been extensively involved in the debate, although organ procurement issues involve social work values such as individual rights, free choice, and self-determination. To become active and influential in the policy of organ procurement, social workers should become familiar with these issues and use crisis intervention techniques with grieving families to help them with the donation decision.

  19. The Identity of Ownership on Firm Internationalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandskov, Jesper; Madsen, Tage Koed; Pedersen, Bent

    2016-01-01

    The paper develops an integrative ownership-internationalization model that explores the influences of various owner types (i.e. investor-owned firms, family-owned firms, employee-owned firms, cooperative–owned firms, and state-owned firms) on firm internationalization. Based on a comparative...... analysis of the various owner types, we discuss how each owner group’s main objectives, risk behavior and provision of resources influence their internationalization strategies and decisions (i.e. scale, scope and speed decisions)....

  20. Persistent Patterns in Trading Firms' Actions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamani, Neda; Doyne Farmer, J.

    2007-03-01

    To understand the dynamics of price formation in financial markets, we take the approach of investigating the actions of market participants. We examine the impact of the participating firms on the price and find that different firms have different patterns of impact. Each firm can be representative of many traders with different trading habits and strategies but nevertheless we observe statistically significant differences in the firms' market impacts. We also investigate a method of clustering the firms based on a simplified conception of strategies. We find consistent clusters and patterns in firm strategies and show that these relations are statistically significant.