Toolbox for multiloop Feynman diagrams calculations using $R^{*}$ operation
Batkovich, Dmitrii; Kompaniets, Mikhail
2014-01-01
We present the toolbox for analytical calculation of UV-counterterm of Feynman diagrams. It combines the power of $R^{*\\prime}$-operation with modern analytical methods. Written in pure Python our toolbox can be easily used and extended.
Molybdenum-titanium phase diagram evaluated from ab initio calculations
Barzilai, Shmuel; Toher, Cormac; Curtarolo, Stefano; Levy, Ohad
2017-07-01
The design of next generation β -type titanium implants requires detailed knowledge of the relevant stable and metastable phases at temperatures where metallurgical heat treatments can be performed. Recently, a standard specification for surgical implant applications was established for Mo-Ti alloys. However, the thermodynamic properties of this binary system are not well known and two conflicting descriptions of the β -phase stability have been presented in the literature. In this study, we use ab initio calculations to investigate the Mo-Ti phase diagram. These calculations predict that the β phase is stable over a wide concentration range, in qualitative agreement with one of the reported phase diagrams. In addition, they predict stoichiometric compounds, stable at temperatures below 300 ∘C , which have not yet been detected by experiments. The resulting solvus, which defines the transition to the β -phase solid solution, therefore occurs at lower temperatures and is more complex than previously anticipated.
Highly Accurate Calculations of the Phase Diagram of Cold Lithium
Shulenburger, Luke; Baczewski, Andrew
The phase diagram of lithium is particularly complicated, exhibiting many different solid phases under the modest application of pressure. Experimental efforts to identify these phases using diamond anvil cells have been complemented by ab initio theory, primarily using density functional theory (DFT). Due to the multiplicity of crystal structures whose enthalpy is nearly degenerate and the uncertainty introduced by density functional approximations, we apply the highly accurate many-body diffusion Monte Carlo (DMC) method to the study of the solid phases at low temperature. These calculations span many different phases, including several with low symmetry, demonstrating the viability of DMC as a method for calculating phase diagrams for complex solids. Our results can be used as a benchmark to test the accuracy of various density functionals. This can strengthen confidence in DFT based predictions of more complex phenomena such as the anomalous melting behavior predicted for lithium at high pressures. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.
Forming limit diagrams calculated using Hill's nonquadratic yield criterion
Pishbin, Hassan; Gillis, Peter P.
1992-10-01
Forming limit diagrams (FLD) are calculated based on an extension of previous analyses by Jones and Gillis[4,5,6] and Choi et al. [8,9] They idealized the sheet metal deformation into three phases: (I) homogeneous deformation up to maximum load, (II) deformation localization under constant load, and (III) local necking with a precipitous drop in load. They described the plastic behavior of sheet metals using a generalized quadratic flow law proposed by Jones and Gillis (JG). In the current analysis, Hill’s nonquadratic flow law for sheets having in-plane isotropy{su[101]} is used in conjunction with the three-stage deformation approximation. Calculated FLDs com- pare very favorably to experimentally determined results for aluminum-killed (AK) steel and aluminum alloys 2036-T4, 1100-H19, 5052-H32, 3003-0, and 3004-0. The comparison is fair for the titanium alloy Ti-6A1-4V. The agreement is poor for the strain rate-insensitive aluminum alloys 5052-0, 5052-H241, 5154-H111, and 6061-T4.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
KLEM, M.J.
2000-01-01
The purpose of these calculations is to develop the material balances for documentation of the Canister Storage Building (CSB) Process Flow Diagram (PFD) and future reference. The attached mass balances were prepared to support revision two of the PFD for the CSB. The calculations refer to diagram H-2-825869
Calculation of Fe-B-V ternary phase diagram
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Homolová, V.; Kroupa, Aleš; Výrostková, A.
2012-01-01
Roč. 520, APR (2012), s. 30-35 ISSN 0925-8388 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP108/10/1908 Institutional support: RVO:68081723 Keywords : phase diagram * thermodynamic modelling Subject RIV: BJ - Thermodynamics Impact factor: 2.390, year: 2012
Automated calculation of complete Pxy and Txy diagrams for binary systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Cismondi, Martin; Michelsen, Michael Locht
2007-01-01
An algorithm for the calculation of global phase equilibrium diagrams has been recently developed [M. Cismondi, M.L. Michelsen, Global phase equilibrium calculations: critical lines, critical end points and liquid-liquid-vapour equilibrium in binary mixtures, J. Supercrit. Fluids 39 (2007) 287-29...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
KLEM, M.J.
2000-01-01
The purpose of this calculation document is to develop the bases for the material balances of the Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) Level 1 Process Flow Diagram (PFD). The attached mass balances support revision two of the PFD for the MCO and provide future reference
Phase diagrams from ab-initio calculations: Re-W and Fe-B
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hammerschmidt, Thomas; Bialon, Arthur; Palumbo, Mauro; Fries, Suzana G.; Drautz, Ralf [ICAMS, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum (Germany)
2011-07-01
The CALPHAD (CaLculation of Phase Diagrams) method relies on Gibbs energy databases and is of limited predictive power in cases where only limited experimental data is available for constructing the Gibbs energy databases. This is problematic for, e.g., the calculation of the phase transformation kinetics within phase field simulations that not only require the thermodynamic equilibrium data but also information on metastable phases. Such information is difficult to obtain directly from experiment but ab-initio calculations may supplement experimental databases as they comprise metastable phases and arbitrary chemical compositions. We present simulations for two prototypical systems: Re-W and Fe-B. For both systems we calculate the heat of formation for an extensive set of structures using ab-initio calculations and employ the total energies in CALPHAD in order to determine the corresponding phase diagrams. We account for the configurational entropy within the Bragg-Williams approximation and neglect the phenomenological excess-term that is commonly used in CALPHAD as well as the contribution of phonons and electronic excitations to the free energy. According to our calculations the complex intermetallic phases in Re-W are stabilized by the configurational entropy. For Fe-B, we calculate metastable and stable phase diagrams including recently predicted new stable phases.
Summation of Parquet diagrams as an ab initio method in nuclear structure calculations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bergli, Elise; Hjorth-Jensen, Morten
2011-01-01
Research highlights: → We present a Green's function based approach for doing ab initio nuclear structure calculations. → In particular the sum the subset of so-called Parquet diagrams. → Applying the theory to a simple but realistic model, results in good agreement with other ab initio methods. → This opens up for ab initio calculations for medium-heavy nuclei. - Abstract: In this work we discuss the summation of the Parquet class of diagrams within Green's function theory as a possible framework for ab initio nuclear structure calculations. The theory is presented and some numerical details are discussed, in particular the approximations employed. We apply the Parquet method to a simple model, and compare our results with those from an exact solution. The main conclusion is that even at the level of approximation presented here, the results shows good agreement with other comparable ab initio approaches.
Experimental investigation and thermodynamic calculations of the Bi–In–Ni phase diagram
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Premović, Milena [University in Priština, Faculty of Technical Science, Kosovo, Mitrovica (Serbia); Minić, Duško, E-mail: dminic65@open.telekom.rs [University in Priština, Faculty of Technical Science, Kosovo, Mitrovica (Serbia); Manasijević, Dragan [University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty, Bor (Serbia); Ćosović, Vladan [University of Belgrade, Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, Belgrade (Serbia); Živković, Dragana [University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty, Bor (Serbia); Dervišević, Irma [University in Priština, Faculty of Technical Science, Kosovo, Mitrovica (Serbia)
2015-06-10
Highlights: • Calculated constitutive binary system based on literature data. • Experimentally determined (DTA) temperatures of phase transformations compared with analytical calculation. • Definition of several vertical sections. • Calculated horizontal section, confirmed by experimental SEM–EDS and XRD method. • Calculated liquidus surface projection and determined invariant reaction occurred in ternary Bi–In–Ni system. - Abstract: Phase diagram of the Bi–In–Ni ternary system was investigated using differential thermal analysis (DTA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS), and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis. Experimentally obtained results were compared with the results of thermodynamic calculation of phase equilibria based on calculation of phase diagram (CALPHAD) method and literature data. Phase transition temperatures of alloys with overall compositions along three selected vertical sections In–Bi{sub 0.8}Ni{sub 0.2}, x(Bi) = 0.6 and Bi–In{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 0.5} were measured by DTA. Liquidus temperatures were experimentally determined and compared with the results of thermodynamic calculation. Identification of coexisting phases in samples equilibrated at 100 °C, 300 °C and 350 °C was carried out using SEM–EDS and XRD methods. The obtained results were compared with the calculated isothermal sections of the Bi–In–Ni ternary system at corresponding temperatures. Calculated liquidus projection and invariant equilibria of the Bi–In–Ni ternary system were presented.
HP-67 calculator programs for thermodynamic data and phase diagram calculations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brewer, L.
1978-05-25
This report is a supplement to a tabulation of the thermodynamic and phase data for the 100 binary systems of Mo with the elements from H to Lr. The calculations of thermodynamic data and phase equilibria were carried out from 5000/sup 0/K to low temperatures. This report presents the methods of calculation used. The thermodynamics involved is rather straightforward and the reader is referred to any advanced thermodynamic text. The calculations were largely carried out using an HP-65 programmable calculator. In this report, those programs are reformulated for use with the HP-67 calculator; great reduction in the number of programs required to carry out the calculation results.
Ab Initio Calculation of the Miscibility Diagram for Hydrogen-Helium Mixtures
Schöttler, Manuel; Redmer, Ronald
2018-03-01
We use finite-temperature density functional theory coupled to classical molecular dynamics simulation to calculate the miscibility gap of hydrogen-helium mixtures. The van der Waals density functional (vdW-DF) theory is used, which leads to lower demixing temperatures compared to computations using the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof functional. Our calculations suggest that current Jupiter models are most likely too hot to allow demixing in the interior. A Jupiter isentrope based on our vdW-DF data is presented. Our demixing phase diagram still predicts phase separation in Saturn, but in a significantly reduced fraction of its volume.
Calculation of the P-T phase diagram of nitrogen using a mean field model
Enginer, Y.; Algul, G.; Yurtseven, H.
2017-12-01
The P-T phase diagram is calculated at low and moderate pressures by obtaining the phase line equations for the transitions considered in nitrogen using the Landau phenomenological model. For some transitions, a quadratic coupling between the order parameters is taken into account in the expansion of free energies in terms of the order parameters. A quadratic function in T and P is fitted to the experimental P-T data from the literature and the fitted parameters are determined. It is shown that the model studied here describes the observed data adequately, which can also be used to predict the thermodynamic properties of the phases of the molecular nitrogen within the temperatures and pressures of the P-T phase diagram of this system.
Determining the phase diagram of lithium via ab initio calculation and ramp compression
Shulenburger, Luke; Seagle, Chris; Haill, Thomas; Harding, Eric
2015-06-01
Diamond anvil cell experiments have shown elemental lithium to have an extraordinarily complex phase diagram under pressure exhibiting numerous solid phases at pressures below 1 Mbar, as well as a complicated melting behavior. We explore this phase diagram utilizing a combination of quantum mechanical calculations and ramp compression experiments performed on Sandia National Laboratories' Z-machine. We aim to extend our knowledge of the high pressure behavior to moderate temperatures at pressures above 50 GPa with a specific focus on the melt line above 70 GPa. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Company, for the US Dept of Energy's Natl. Nuclear Security Administration under Contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.
Systems for storage and retrieval of thermochemical data and calculation of phase diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kaufman, L.; Nesor, H.
1976-01-01
The systems developed by National Physical Laboratory and ManLabs have been coupled to provide a Metallurgical Thermochemical Data Bank for storage and retrieval of data and calculation of binary and ternary phase diagrams. Approximately two thousand sets for pure elements and compounds are stored providing thermodynamic functions and differences for specific reactions in numerical form. Vapor pressure data for gaseous products and solubility data for gases in metals and dilute alloys covering the Henrian range can be retrieved. Similar data for dilute solutions of metals in pure metals and binary alloys is also accessible. The system can also be used to compute all of the forty-five binary systems composed of the metals iron, chromium, nickel, cobalt, aluminum, niobium, molybdenum, titanium, carbon, and tungsten. This facility is available through explicit descriptions of solution and compound phases generated in terms of lattice stability, solution and compound phase parameter which are employed to calculate the phase diagrams and thermochemical properties of the binary systems. The system can be used for calculation of the one hundred twenty possible ternary systems composed of these metals over a wide range of temperature. The system operates on data supplied by the user so that other inorganic, ceramic, and metallic combinations can be considered. The ManLabs-NPL MATERIALS DATABANK is accessible via TSO (time sharing option) through standard teletype terminals which can be connected into the main computer by telephone anywhere in the U. S. and Canada. Users can employ almost any commercial terminal to gain access to the system and interact with the DATABANK
Shi, Renhai
Organic polyalcohol and amine globular molecular crystal materials as phase change materials (PCMs) such as Pentaglycerine (PG-(CH3)C(CH 2OH)3), Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane (TRIS-(NH2)C(CH 2OH)3), 2-amino-2methyl-1,3-propanediol (AMPL-(NH2)(CH3)C(CH2OH)2), and neopentylglycol (NPG-(CH3)2C(CH2OH) 2) can be considered to be potential candidates for thermal energy storage (TES) applications such as waste heat recovery, solar energy utilization, energy saving in buildings, and electronic device management during heating or cooling process in which the latent heat and sensible heat can be reversibly stored or released through solid state phase transitions over a range of temperatures. In order to understand the polymorphism of phase transition of these organic materials and provide more choice of materials design for TES, binary systems have been studied to lower the temperature of solid-state phase transition for the specific application. To our best knowledge, the study of ternary systems in these organic materials is limited. Based on this motivation, four ternary systems of PG-TRIS-AMPL, PG-TRIS-NPG, PG-AMPL-NPG, and TRIS-AMPL-NPG are proposed in this dissertation. Firstly, thermodynamic assessment with CALPHAD method is used to construct the Gibbs energy functions into thermodynamic database for these four materials based on available experimental results from X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). The phase stability and thermodynamic characteristics of these four materials calculated from present thermodynamic database with CALPHAD method can match well the present experimental results from XRD and DSC. Secondly, related six binary phase diagrams of PG-TRIS, PG-AMPL, PG-NPG, TRIS-AMPL, TRIS-NPG, and AMPL-NPG are optimized with CALPHAD method in Thermo-Calc software based on available experimental results, in which the substitutional model is used and excess Gibbs energy is expressed with Redlich-Kister formalism. The
Optimized negative dimensional integration method (NDIM) and multiloop Feynman diagram calculation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gonzalez, Ivan; Schmidt, Ivan
2007-01-01
We present an improved form of the integration technique known as NDIM (negative dimensional integration method), which is a powerful tool in the analytical evaluation of Feynman diagrams. Using this technique we study a φ 3 +φ 4 theory in D=4-2ε dimensions, considering generic topologies of L loops and E independent external momenta, and where the propagator powers are arbitrary. The method transforms the Schwinger parametric integral associated to the diagram into a multiple series expansion, whose main characteristic is that the argument contains several Kronecker deltas which appear naturally in the application of the method, and which we call diagram presolution. The optimization we present here consists in a procedure that minimizes the series multiplicity, through appropriate factorizations in the multinomials that appear in the parametric integral, and which maximizes the number of Kronecker deltas that are generated in the process. The solutions are presented in terms of generalized hypergeometric functions, obtained once the Kronecker deltas have been used in the series. Although the technique is general, we apply it to cases in which there are 2 or 3 different energy scales (masses or kinematic variables associated to the external momenta), obtaining solutions in terms of a finite sum of generalized hypergeometric series 1 and 2 variables respectively, each of them expressible as ratios between the different energy scales that characterize the topology. The main result is a method capable of solving Feynman integrals, expressing the solutions as hypergeometric series of multiplicity (n-1), where n is the number of energy scales present in the diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Albayrak, Erhan; Keskin, Mustafa
2000-01-01
The linear chain approximation is used to study the temperature dependence of the order parameters and the phase diagrams of the Blume-Emery-Griffiths model on the simple cubic lattice with dipole-dipole, quadrupole-quadrupole coupling strengths and a crystal-field interaction. The problem is approached introducing first a trial one-dimensional Hamiltonian whose free energy can be calculated exactly by the transfer matrix method. Then using the Bogoliubov variational principle, the free energy of the model is determined. It is assumed that the dipolar and quadrupolar intrachain coupling constants are much stronger than the corresponding interchain constants and confined the attention to the case of nearest-neighbor interactions. The phase transitions are examined and the phase diagrams are obtained for several values of the coupling strengths in the three different planes. A comparison with other approximate techniques is also made
Albayrak, E
2000-01-01
The linear chain approximation is used to study the temperature dependence of the order parameters and the phase diagrams of the Blume-Emery-Griffiths model on the simple cubic lattice with dipole-dipole, quadrupole-quadrupole coupling strengths and a crystal-field interaction. The problem is approached introducing first a trial one-dimensional Hamiltonian whose free energy can be calculated exactly by the transfer matrix method. Then using the Bogoliubov variational principle, the free energy of the model is determined. It is assumed that the dipolar and quadrupolar intrachain coupling constants are much stronger than the corresponding interchain constants and confined the attention to the case of nearest-neighbor interactions. The phase transitions are examined and the phase diagrams are obtained for several values of the coupling strengths in the three different planes. A comparison with other approximate techniques is also made.
Investigation and thermodynamic calculation of phase diagram of CdI2-PbI2-NaI system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Storonkin, A.V.; Vasil'kova, I.V.; Korobkov, S.V.
1976-01-01
Using the thermographic and X-ray phase analyses binary CdI 2 -PbI 2 , PI 2 -NaI, CdI 2 -NaI systems and a triple CdI 2 -PbI 2 -NaI system are investigated and their melting diagrams are plotted. A method of thermodynamic calculation has been proposed and tested of the shape of the eutectic lines for the system CdI 2 -PbI 2 -NaI, taking into account the non-ideality of the liquid phase. The method uses data obtained for the binary systems. The liquidus surface of the triple system has been constructed on the basis of the calculation. The results of the calculation of the triple eutectics are in good agreement with the experimental data
Calculated Pourbaix Diagrams of Cubic Perovskites for Water Splitting: Stability Against Corrosion
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Castelli, Ivano Eligio; Thygesen, Kristian Sommer; Jacobsen, Karsten Wedel
2014-01-01
We use density functional theory calculations to investigate the stability of cubic perovskites for photo-electrochemical water splitting taking both materials in their bulk crystal structure and dissolved phases into account. The method is validated through a detailed comparison of the calculated...
Self-consistent calculation of particle-hole diagrams on the Matsubara frequency: FLEX approximation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rodriguez-Nunez, J.J.
1997-01-01
We implement the numerical method of summing Green function diagrams on the Matsubara frequency axis for the fluctuation exchange (FLEX) approximation. Our method has previously been applied to the attractive Hubbard model for low density. Here we apply our numerical algorithm to the Hubbard model close to half filling (ρ=0.40), and for T/t = 0.03, in order to study the dynamics of one- and two-particle Green functions. For the values of the chosen parameters we see the formation of three branches which we associate with the a two-peak structure in the imaginary part of the self-energy. We have compared our fully self-consistent FLEX solutions with a lower order approximation where the internal Green functions are approximated by free Green functions. These two approaches the fully self consistent and the non-self consistent ones give different results for the parameters considered here. However, they have similar global results for small densities. (author)
A computer calculation of the ternary Mo-Pd-Rh phase diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Guerler, R.; Pratt, J.N.
1993-01-01
Thermodynamic coefficients for the phases in the binary Mo-Pd, Pd-Rh and Mo-Rh systems were derived by the assessment of the available experimental data using the binary Lukas optimization program. The resulting coefficients were first successfully utilised in reestablishing the binaries. The coefficients thus obtained in the binary computation were combined with ternary descriptions to compute ternary isothermal sections. Although no ternary interaction term was involved in the construction of the isotherms, the section calculated at 1373 K is found to be consistent with the experimentally established isothermal section at the same temperature. The location of three-phase field (bcc+hcp+fcc) and phase boundaries in both isotherms are matching reasonably well. Combining only binary coefficients of these phases, it is possible to construct reasonable isothermal sections at different temperatures. Following this conclusion, isothermal sections ranging from 1373 to 2673 K of the ternary Mo-Pd-Rh system were calculated. (orig.)
One-loop calculations in quantum field theory: from Feynman diagrams to unitarity cuts
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ellis, R. Keith [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Kunszt, Zoltan [Institute for Theoretical Physics (Switzerland); Melnikov, Kirill [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Zanderighi, Giulia [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics (United Kingdom)
2012-09-01
The success of the experimental program at the Tevatron re-inforced the idea that precision physics at hadron colliders is desirable and, indeed, possible. The Tevatron data strongly suggests that one-loop computations in QCD describe hard scattering well. Extrapolating this observation to the LHC, we conclude that knowledge of many short-distance processes at next-to-leading order may be required to describe the physics of hard scattering. While the field of one-loop computations is quite mature, parton multiplicities in hard LHC events are so high that traditional computational techniques become inefficient. Recently new approaches based on unitarity have been developed for calculating one-loop scattering amplitudes in quantum field theory. These methods are especially suitable for the description of multi-particle processes in QCD and are amenable to numerical implementations. We present a systematic pedagogical description of both conceptual and technical aspects of the new methods.
Metallurgical study and phase diagram calculations of the Zr-Nb-Fe-(Sn,O) system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Toffolon, C.
2000-01-01
The Framatome M5 TM Zr-Nb-O alloy with small amounts of Fe is of interest for nuclear applications (PWR fuel cladding).The behaviour of this kind of alloy for in-service conditions strongly depends on the microstructure. Therefore, a metallurgical study of alloys of the Zr-Nb-Fe-(O-Sn) system has been developed in order to study the influence of chemical composition variabilities of Nb, Fe and O and thermal treatments on the resultant microstructure. In order to get some insight on the physical metallurgy of Zr-Nb-Fe-(Sn,O) alloys and to minimize the experiments, it is useful to build a thermodynamic database. With this object, it was necessary to re-optimize and to calculate the low order binary systems such as Fe-Nb and Nb-Sn in order to assess the Zr-Nb-Fe-(Sn,O) system. Then, the experimental studies concerned: the influence of small variations in Nb and O contents on the α/β transus temperatures. A comparison between experimental results and thermodynamic predictions showed a good agreement; the precipitation kinetics of βNb and intermetallic phases in the α phase domain. These experiments showed that the kinetics depends on the initial metallurgical conditions; the determination of the crystallographic structure and the stoichiometry of the ternary Zr-Nb-Fe intermetallic compounds as a function of the temperature. Finally, these experimental data were used to propose a first assessment of the Zr-Nb-Fe(O∼1200 ppm) system. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kostygov, V.I.; Potemin, S.S.
1984-01-01
Thermodynamic calculation of meltability diagram of ternary system NaCl-PbCl 2 -NdCl 3 with the use of literature and experimental data on meltability diagrams of binary systems forming it, as well as data on crystallization heats of the components, has been carried out. Equations are derived under condition of pseudoperfection of the ternary system. 64 mol.% PbCl 2 , 26 mol.% NaCl, 10 mol.% NdCl 3 and average temperature of crystallization 391 deg C correspond to the calculated composition of the ternary eutectics, 49 mol.% PbCl 2 , 35 mol.% NaCl, 16 mol.% NdCl 3 and average temperature of peritectic transformation 416 deg C - to the composition of the ternary peritectic. The results obtained agree well with the experimental data
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Witkowski Kazimierz
2017-01-01
Full Text Available The paper analyzes the possibility to use the electronic type indicators in the diagnosis of marine engines. It has been shown that in-depth analysis of indicator diagrams would be useful – calculation of heat release characteristics. To make this possible, measuring indicated systems should meet a number of important requirements in or-der to ensure that they can be used for the diagnostic purposes. These includes: high precision sensors for the measurement of cylinder pressure, high speed and accuracy of measuring and recording of measured values. These also includes reliable determination of the top dead center piston (TDC. In order to demonstrate the impact of positional error TDC, simulation study was conducted in which indicated diagrams were used, obtained on a medium-speed four-stroke marine diesel engine type A25/30 and the low-speed two-stroke marine diesel engine type RTA76, Sulzer company.
Calculation of the LiF-CeF{sub 3}-BeF{sub 2} and LiF-PuF{sub 3}-BeF{sub 2} ternary phase diagrams
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mulford, R.N.R.
1993-07-01
The LiF-CeF{sub 3}-BeF{sub 2} and LiF-PuF{sub 3}-BeF{sub 2} ternary phase diagrams were calculated from optimized binary diagrams using computer programs developed by Lukas and coworkers. The approximate overall diagrams were calculated without the use of ternary interaction terms, but inclusion of ternary terms was necessary to reproduce the experimental data for solubilities of CeF{sub 3} and PuF{sub 3} which are considerably less soluble in LiF-BeF{sub 2} liquid than predicted without ternary interaction terms.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Carter, P. [Stress Engineering Services, Inc., Mason, OH 45040 (United States)]. E-mail: peter.carter@ses-oh.com
2005-01-01
Part 1 gives the basis for the use of cyclic reference stresses for high temperature design and assessment. The methodology relies on elastic-plastic calculations for limit loads, ratcheting and shakedown. In this paper we use a commercial non-linear finite element code for these calculations. Two fairly complex and realistic geometries with cyclic loads are analysed, namely a pipe elbow and a traveling thermal shock in a pressurized pipe. The special case of start-up shut-down cycles is also discussed. Creep and rupture predictions may be made from the results. When reference stresses can be economically calculated, their use for high temperature design has the following advantages: - Accuracy. Limit loads, shakedown and ratcheting limits are based on detailed analysis, and do not rely on rules or judgement. - Efficiency. Use of shakedown and ratcheting reference stresses to predict rupture and creep strain, respectively, allowing details of time and temperature to be dealt with as material data, not affecting the analysis. - Factors of safety. For both low and high temperature problems, factors of safety can be determined or applied, based on the real failure boundaries. - Conservatism. The rupture and strain calculations reflect the limit of rapid cycle behaviour. Cycles with relaxation will be associated with longer lives.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hermund, Anders
2010-01-01
This paper will introduce the PhD research into applied 3d modeling and parametric design outlining the idea of a parametric diagram linked to philosophical and applied examples.......This paper will introduce the PhD research into applied 3d modeling and parametric design outlining the idea of a parametric diagram linked to philosophical and applied examples....
Colwell, Morris A
1976-01-01
Electronic Diagrams is a ready reference and general guide to systems and circuit planning and in the preparation of diagrams for both newcomers and the more experienced. This book presents guidelines and logical procedures that the reader can follow and then be equipped to tackle large complex diagrams by recognition of characteristic 'building blocks' or 'black boxes'. The goal is to break down many of the barriers that often seem to deter students and laymen in learning the art of electronics, especially when they take up electronics as a spare time occupation. This text is comprised of nin
Rose, Matthew
2004-01-01
Matthew Rose worked at the Naval Postgraduate School as a graphic designer from February 2002-November 2011. His work for NPS included logos, brochures, business packs, movies/presentations, posters, the CyberSiege video game and many other projects. This material was organized and provided by the artist, for inclusion in the NPS Archive, Calhoun. Includes these files: Plan_ver.ai; powerline.jpg; SCADA diagram.ai; SCADA diagram.pdf; SCADA diagramsmall.pdf; SCADA2.pdf
Oostrom, V. van
2004-01-01
We introduce the unifying notion of delimiting diagram. Hitherto unrelated results such as: Minimality of the internal needed strategy for orthogonal first-order term rewriting systems, maximality of the limit strategy for orthogonal higher-order pattern rewrite systems (with maximality of the
Genus Ranges of Chord Diagrams.
Burns, Jonathan; Jonoska, Nataša; Saito, Masahico
2015-04-01
A chord diagram consists of a circle, called the backbone, with line segments, called chords, whose endpoints are attached to distinct points on the circle. The genus of a chord diagram is the genus of the orientable surface obtained by thickening the backbone to an annulus and attaching bands to the inner boundary circle at the ends of each chord. Variations of this construction are considered here, where bands are possibly attached to the outer boundary circle of the annulus. The genus range of a chord diagram is the genus values over all such variations of surfaces thus obtained from a given chord diagram. Genus ranges of chord diagrams for a fixed number of chords are studied. Integer intervals that can be, and those that cannot be, realized as genus ranges are investigated. Computer calculations are presented, and play a key role in discovering and proving the properties of genus ranges.
Stage line diagram: An age-conditional reference diagram for tracking development
Buuren, S. van; Ooms, J.C.L.
2009-01-01
This paper presents a method for calculating stage line diagrams, a novel type of reference diagram useful for tracking developmental processes over time. Potential fields of applications include: dentistry (tooth eruption), oncology (tumor grading, cancer staging), virology (HIV infection and
Stage line diagram: an age-conditional reference diagram for tracking development.
Van Buuren, S.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/074806777; Ooms, J.C.L.
2009-01-01
This paper presents a method for calculating stage line diagrams, a novel type of reference diagram useful for tracking developmental processes over time. Potential fields of applications include: dentistry (tooth eruption), oncology (tumor grading, cancer staging), virology (HIV infection and
From State Diagram to Class Diagram
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Borch, Ole; Madsen, Per Printz
2009-01-01
UML class diagram and Java source code are interrelated and Java code is a kind of interchange format. Working with UML state diagram in CASE tools, a corresponding xml file is maintained. Designing state diagrams is mostly performed manually using design patterns and coding templates - a time co...
Viral pathogenesis in diagrams
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Tremblay, Michel; Berthiaume, Laurent; Ackermann, Hans-Wolfgang
2001-01-01
.... The 268 diagrams in Viral Pathogenesis in Diagrams were selected from over 800 diagrams of English and French virological literature, including one derived from a famous drawing by Leonardo da Vinci...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smondyrev, M.A.
1985-01-01
The perturbation theory for the polaron energy is systematically treated on the diagrammatic basis. Feynman diagrams being constructed allow to calculate the polaron energy up to the third order in powers of the coupling constant. Similar calculations are performed for the average number of virtual phonons
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Duijm, Nijs Jan
2008-01-01
trees and Bayesian networks is discussed. A simple method for quantification of safety-barrier diagrams is proposed. It is concluded that safety-barrier diagrams provide a useful framework for an electronic data structure that integrates information from risk analysis with operational safety management.......Safety-barrier diagrams and the related so-called 'bow-tie' diagrams have become popular methods in risk analysis. This paper describes the syntax and principles for constructing consistent and valid safety-barrier diagrams. The relation of safety-barrier diagrams to other methods such as fault...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Duijm, Nijs Jan
2007-01-01
Safety-barrier diagrams and the related so-called "bow-tie" diagrams have become popular methods in risk analysis. This paper describes the syntax and principles for constructing consistent and valid safety-barrier diagrams. The relation with other methods such as fault trees and Bayesian network...... analysis with operational safety management.......Safety-barrier diagrams and the related so-called "bow-tie" diagrams have become popular methods in risk analysis. This paper describes the syntax and principles for constructing consistent and valid safety-barrier diagrams. The relation with other methods such as fault trees and Bayesian networks...... are discussed. A simple method for quantification of safety-barrier diagrams is proposed, including situations where safety barriers depend on shared common elements. It is concluded that safety-barrier diagrams provide a useful framework for an electronic data structure that integrates information from risk...
Proof test diagrams for Zerodur glass-ceramic
Tucker, D. S.
1991-01-01
Proof test diagrams for Zerodur glass-ceramics are calculated from available fracture mechanics data. It is shown that the environment has a large effect on minimum time-to-failure as predicted by proof test diagrams.
Phase diagrams and crystal growth
Venkrbec, Jan
1980-04-01
Phase diagrams are briefly treated as generalized property-composition relationships, with respect to crystal technology optimization. The treatment is based on mutual interaction of three systems related to semiconductors: (a) the semiconducting material systems, (b0 the data bank, (c) the system of crystallization methods. A model is proposed enabling optimatization on the path from application requirements to the desired material. Further, several examples of the selection as to the composition of LED and laser diode material are given. Some of molten-solution-zone methods are being successfully introduced for this purpose. Common features of these methods, the application of phase diagrams, and their pecularities compared with other crystallization methods are illustrated by schematic diagrams and by examples. LPE methods, particularly the steady-state LPE methods such as Woodall's ISM and Nishizawa's TDM-CVP, and the CAM-S (Crystallization Method Providing Composition Autocontrol in Situ) have been chosen as examples. Another approach of exploiting phase diagrams for optimal material selection and for determination of growth condition before experimentation through a simple calculation is presented on InP-GaP solid solutions. Ternary phase diagrams are visualized in space through calculation and constructions based on the corresponding thermodynamic models and anaglyphs. These make it easy to observe and qualitatively analyze the crystallization of every composition. Phase diagrams can be also used as a powerful tool for the deduction of new crystallization methods. Eutectic crystallization is an example of such an approach where a modified molten-solution-zone method can give a sandwich structure with an abrupt concentration change. The concentration of a component can range from 0 to 100% in the different solid phases.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Duijm, Nijs Jan
2007-01-01
are discussed. A simple method for quantification of safety-barrier diagrams is proposed, including situations where safety barriers depend on shared common elements. It is concluded that safety-barrier diagrams provide a useful framework for an electronic data structure that integrates information from risk...
Logical reasoning with diagrams
Allwein, Gerard
1996-01-01
PART A: Theoretical Issues. 1. Visual Information and Valid Reasoning, Jon Barwise and John Etchemendy. 2. Operational Constraints in Diagrammatic Reasoning, Atsushi Shimojima. 3. Diagrams and the Concept of Logical System, Jon Barwise and Eric Hammer. PART B: Case Studies. 4. Situation-Theoretic Account of Valid Reasoning with Venn Diagrams, Sun-Joo Shin. 5. Towards a Model Theory of Venn Diagrams, eric Hammer and Norman Danner. 6. Peircean Graphs for Propositional Logic, Eric Hammer. 7. A Diagrammatic Subsystem of Hilbert''s Geometry, Isabel Luengo. PART C: Heterogenous Systems. 8. Heterogenous Logic, Jon Barwise and John Etchemendy. 9. Toward the Rigorous Use of Diagrams in Reasoning about Hardware, Steven D. Johnson, Jon Barwise, and Gerard Allwein. 10. Exploiting the Potential of Diagrams in Guiding Hardware Reasoning, Kathi D. Fisler
Scheil-Gulliver Constituent Diagrams
Pelton, Arthur D.; Eriksson, Gunnar; Bale, Christopher W.
2017-06-01
During solidification of alloys, conditions often approach those of Scheil-Gulliver cooling in which it is assumed that solid phases, once precipitated, remain unchanged. That is, they no longer react with the liquid or with each other. In the case of equilibrium solidification, equilibrium phase diagrams provide a valuable means of visualizing the effects of composition changes upon the final microstructure. In the present study, we propose for the first time the concept of Scheil-Gulliver constituent diagrams which play the same role as that in the case of Scheil-Gulliver cooling. It is shown how these diagrams can be calculated and plotted by the currently available thermodynamic database computing systems that combine Gibbs energy minimization software with large databases of optimized thermodynamic properties of solutions and compounds. Examples calculated using the FactSage system are presented for the Al-Li and Al-Mg-Zn systems, and for the Au-Bi-Sb-Pb system and its binary and ternary subsystems.
Covariant diagrams for one-loop matching
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang, Zhengkang [Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics; Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2016-10-15
We present a diagrammatic formulation of recently-revived covariant functional approaches to one-loop matching from an ultraviolet (UV) theory to a low-energy effective field theory. Various terms following from a covariant derivative expansion (CDE) are represented by diagrams which, unlike conventional Feynman diagrams, involve gaugecovariant quantities and are thus dubbed ''covariant diagrams.'' The use of covariant diagrams helps organize and simplify one-loop matching calculations, which we illustrate with examples. Of particular interest is the derivation of UV model-independent universal results, which reduce matching calculations of specific UV models to applications of master formulas. We show how such derivation can be done in a more concise manner than the previous literature, and discuss how additional structures that are not directly captured by existing universal results, including mixed heavy-light loops, open covariant derivatives, and mixed statistics, can be easily accounted for.
Inductively generating Euler diagrams.
Stapleton, Gem; Rodgers, Peter; Howse, John; Zhang, Leishi
2011-01-01
Euler diagrams have a wide variety of uses, from information visualization to logical reasoning. In all of their application areas, the ability to automatically layout Euler diagrams brings considerable benefits. In this paper, we present a novel approach to Euler diagram generation. We develop certain graphs associated with Euler diagrams in order to allow curves to be added by finding cycles in these graphs. This permits us to build Euler diagrams inductively, adding one curve at a time. Our technique is adaptable, allowing the easy specification, and enforcement, of sets of well-formedness conditions; we present a series of results that identify properties of cycles that correspond to the well-formedness conditions. This improves upon other contributions toward the automated generation of Euler diagrams which implicitly assume some fixed set of well-formedness conditions must hold. In addition, unlike most of these other generation methods, our technique allows any abstract description to be drawn as an Euler diagram. To establish the utility of the approach, a prototype implementation has been developed. © 2011 IEEE Published by the IEEE Computer Society
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Toffolon, C. [CEA/Saclay, Dept. d' Etudes du Comportement des Materiaux (DECM), 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)]|[Paris-6 Univ., 75 (France)
2000-07-01
The Framatome M5{sup TM} Zr-Nb-O alloy with small amounts of Fe is of interest for nuclear applications (PWR fuel cladding).The behaviour of this kind of alloy for in-service conditions strongly depends on the microstructure. Therefore, a metallurgical study of alloys of the Zr-Nb-Fe-(O-Sn) system has been developed in order to study the influence of chemical composition variabilities of Nb, Fe and O and thermal treatments on the resultant microstructure. In order to get some insight on the physical metallurgy of Zr-Nb-Fe-(Sn,O) alloys and to minimize the experiments, it is useful to build a thermodynamic database. With this object, it was necessary to re-optimize and to calculate the low order binary systems such as Fe-Nb and Nb-Sn in order to assess the Zr-Nb-Fe-(Sn,O) system. Then, the experimental studies concerned: the influence of small variations in Nb and O contents on the {alpha}/{beta} transus temperatures. A comparison between experimental results and thermodynamic predictions showed a good agreement; the precipitation kinetics of {beta}Nb and intermetallic phases in the {alpha} phase domain. These experiments showed that the kinetics depends on the initial metallurgical conditions; the determination of the crystallographic structure and the stoichiometry of the ternary Zr-Nb-Fe intermetallic compounds as a function of the temperature. Finally, these experimental data were used to propose a first assessment of the Zr-Nb-Fe(O{approx}1200 ppm) system. (author)
Sinc function representation and three-loop master diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Easther, Richard; Guralnik, Gerald; Hahn, Stephen
2001-01-01
We test the Sinc function representation, a novel method for numerically evaluating Feynman diagrams, by using it to evaluate the three-loop master diagrams. Analytical results have been obtained for all these diagrams, and we find excellent agreement between our calculations and the exact values. The Sinc function representation converges rapidly, and it is straightforward to obtain accuracies of 1 part in 10 6 for these diagrams and with longer runs we found results better than 1 part in 10 12 . Finally, this paper extends the Sinc function representation to diagrams containing massless propagators
Phase diagrams for surface alloys
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Asbjørn; Ruban, Andrei; Stoltze, Per
1997-01-01
We discuss surface alloy phases and their stability based on surface phase diagrams constructed from the surface energy as a function of the surface composition. We show that in the simplest cases of pseudomorphic overlayers there are four generic classes of systems, characterized by the sign...... is based on density-functional calculations using the coherent-potential approximation and on effective-medium theory. We give self-consistent density-functional results for the segregation energy and surface mixing energy for all combinations of the transition and noble metals. Finally we discuss...
Phosphatidylcholine: cholesterol phase diagrams.
Thewalt, J L; Bloom, M
1992-10-01
Two mono-cis-unsaturated phosphatidylcholine (PC) lipid molecules, having very different gel-liquid crystalline phase transition temperatures as a consequence of the relative positions of the double bond, exhibit PC:cholesterol phase diagrams that are very similar to each other and to that obtained previously for a fully saturated PC:cholesterol mixture (Vist, M. R., and J. H. Davis. 1990. Biochemistry 29:451-464). This leads to the conjecture that PC:cholesterol membrane phase diagrams have a universal form which is relatively independent of the precise chemical structure of the PC molecule. One feature of this phase diagram is the observation over a wide temperature range of a fluid but highly conformationally ordered phase at bilayer concentrations of more than approximately 25 mol% cholesterol. This ;liquid ordered' phase is postulated to be the relevant physical state for many biological membranes, such as the plasma membrane of eukaryotic cells, that contain substantial amounts of cholesterol or equivalent sterols.
Spinning geodesic Witten diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dyer, Ethan; Freedman, Daniel Z.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Sully, James; McGill University, Montreal, QC
2017-01-01
We present an expression for the four-point conformal blocks of symmetric traceless operators of arbitrary spin as an integral over a pair of geodesics in Anti-de Sitter space, generalizing the geodesic Witten diagram formalism of Hijano et al. to arbitrary spin. As an intermediate step in the derivation, we identify a convenient basis of bulk threepoint interaction vertices which give rise to all possible boundary three point structures. Lastly, we highlight a direct connection between the representation of the conformal block as geodesic Witten diagram and the shadow operator formalism.
Model FORC diagrams for hybrid magnetic elastomers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vaganov, M.V.; Linke, J.; Odenbach, S.; Raikher, Yu.L.
2017-01-01
We propose a model of hybrid magnetic elastomers filled with a mixture of magnetically soft and magnetically hard microparticles. The magnetically hard particles are described by the Stoner–Wohlfarth model, the magnetically soft phase obeys the Fröhlich–Kennelly equation. The interaction between the two types of particles is described by the mean-field approach. First-order reversal curve (FORC) diagrams were calculated for different values of the elastomer matrix elasticity. We demonstrate that the diagrams display specific new features, which identify the presence of both a deformable matrix and the two types of magnetic particles. - Highlights: • A model of hybrid magnetic elastomers is proposed. • The magnetically hard particles are described by the Stoner–Wohlfarth model. • The magnetically soft phase obeys the Fröhlich–Kennelly equation. The interaction between the phases is described by the mean-field approach. • FORC diagrams are calculated for different values of the elastomer matrix elasticity.
Equational binary decision diagrams
J.F. Groote (Jan Friso); J.C. van de Pol (Jaco)
2000-01-01
textabstractWe incorporate equations in binary decision diagrams (BDD). The resulting objects are called EQ-BDDs. A straightforward notion of ordered EQ-BDDs (EQ-OBDD) is defined, and it is proved that each EQ-BDD is logically equivalent to an EQ-OBDD. Moreover, on EQ-OBDDs satisfiability and
Disconnected Diagrams in Lattice QCD
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gambhir, Arjun [College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States)
2017-08-01
In this work, we present state-of-the-art numerical methods and their applications for computing a particular class of observables using lattice quantum chromodynamics (Lattice QCD), a discretized version of the fundamental theory of quarks and gluons. These observables require calculating so called \\disconnected diagrams" and are important for understanding many aspects of hadron structure, such as the strange content of the proton. We begin by introducing the reader to the key concepts of Lattice QCD and rigorously define the meaning of disconnected diagrams through an example of the Wick contractions of the nucleon. Subsequently, the calculation of observables requiring disconnected diagrams is posed as the computationally challenging problem of finding the trace of the inverse of an incredibly large, sparse matrix. This is followed by a brief primer of numerical sparse matrix techniques that overviews broadly used methods in Lattice QCD and builds the background for the novel algorithm presented in this work. We then introduce singular value deflation as a method to improve convergence of trace estimation and analyze its effects on matrices from a variety of fields, including chemical transport modeling, magnetohydrodynamics, and QCD. Finally, we apply this method to compute observables such as the strange axial charge of the proton and strange sigma terms in light nuclei. The work in this thesis is innovative for four reasons. First, we analyze the effects of deflation with a model that makes qualitative predictions about its effectiveness, taking only the singular value spectrum as input, and compare deflated variance with different types of trace estimator noise. Second, the synergy between probing methods and deflation is investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Third, we use the synergistic combination of deflation and a graph coloring algorithm known as hierarchical probing to conduct a lattice calculation of light disconnected matrix elements
Magnetic phase diagram of a nanocone
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Suarez, O; Vargas, P; Escrig, J; Landeros, P; Albir, D; Laroze, D
2008-01-01
In this work we analyze the magnetic properties of truncated conical nanoparticles. Based on the continuous magnetic model we find expressions for the total energy in three different magnetic configurations. Finally, we calculate the magnetic phase diagram as function of the geometrical parameters.
Magnetic phase diagram of a nanocone
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Suarez, O; Vargas, P [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa MarIa, P. O. Box 110-V, Valparaiso (Chile); Escrig, J; Landeros, P; Albir, D [Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Depatamento de Fisica, Casilla 307, Correo 2, Santiago (Chile); Laroze, D [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, P. O. Box 4059, Valparaiso (Chile)], E-mail: omar.suarez@postgrado.usm.cl
2008-11-01
In this work we analyze the magnetic properties of truncated conical nanoparticles. Based on the continuous magnetic model we find expressions for the total energy in three different magnetic configurations. Finally, we calculate the magnetic phase diagram as function of the geometrical parameters.
Compressing Binary Decision Diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Esben Rune; Satti, Srinivasa Rao; Tiedemann, Peter
2008-01-01
The paper introduces a new technique for compressing Binary Decision Diagrams in those cases where random access is not required. Using this technique, compression and decompression can be done in linear time in the size of the BDD and compression will in many cases reduce the size of the BDD to ......-2 bits per node. Empirical results for our compression technique are presented, including comparisons with previously introduced techniques, showing that the new technique dominate on all tested instances......The paper introduces a new technique for compressing Binary Decision Diagrams in those cases where random access is not required. Using this technique, compression and decompression can be done in linear time in the size of the BDD and compression will in many cases reduce the size of the BDD to 1...
Compressing Binary Decision Diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rune Hansen, Esben; Srinivasa Rao, S.; Tiedemann, Peter
The paper introduces a new technique for compressing Binary Decision Diagrams in those cases where random access is not required. Using this technique, compression and decompression can be done in linear time in the size of the BDD and compression will in many cases reduce the size of the BDD to ......-2 bits per node. Empirical results for our compression technique are presented, including comparisons with previously introduced techniques, showing that the new technique dominate on all tested instances.......The paper introduces a new technique for compressing Binary Decision Diagrams in those cases where random access is not required. Using this technique, compression and decompression can be done in linear time in the size of the BDD and compression will in many cases reduce the size of the BDD to 1...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Øhrstrøm, Peter
2011-01-01
Some very good arguments can be given in favor of the Augustinean wisdom, according to which it is impossible to provide a satisfactory definition of the concept of time. However, even in the absence of a proper definition, it is possible to deal with conceptual problems regarding time. It can...... be done in terms of analogies and metaphors. In particular, it is attractive to make use of Peirce's diagrams by means of which various kinds of conceptual experimentation can be carried out. This paper investigates how Peircean diagrams can be used within the study of time. In particular, we discuss 1......) the topological properties of time, 2) the implicative structure in tense logic, 3) the notions of open future and branching time models, and finally 4) tenselogical alternatives to branching time models....
Pourbaix ("E"-pH-M) Diagrams in Three Dimensions
Pesterfield, Lester L.; Maddox, Jeremy B.; Crocker, Michael S.; Schweitzer, George K.
2012-01-01
"E"-pH (Pourbaix) diagrams provide an important graphical link between the thermodynamic calculations of potential, pH, equilibrium constant, concentration, and changes in Gibbs energy and the experimentally observed behavior of species in aqueous solutions. The utility of "E"-pH diagrams is extended with the introduction of an additional…
Automation of Feynman diagram evaluations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tentyukov, M.N.
1998-01-01
A C-program DIANA (DIagram ANAlyser) for the automation of Feynman diagram evaluations is presented. It consists of two parts: the analyzer of diagrams and the interpreter of a special text manipulating language. This language can be used to create a source code for analytical or numerical evaluations and to keep the control of the process in general
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Smolec Radoslaw
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Over the recent years, the Petersen diagram for classical pulsators, Cepheids and RR Lyr stars, populated with a few hundreds of new multiperiodic variables. We review our analyses of the OGLE data, which resulted in a significant extension of the known, and in the discovery of a few new and distinct forms of multiperiodic pulsation. The showcase includes not only radial mode pulsators, but also radial-non-radial pulsators and stars with significant modulation observed on top of the beat pulsation. First theoretical models explaining the new forms of stellar variability are briefly discussed.
Uranium phase diagram from first principles
Yanilkin, Alexey; Kruglov, Ivan; Migdal, Kirill; Oganov, Artem; Pokatashkin, Pavel; Sergeev, Oleg
2017-06-01
The work is devoted to the investigation of uranium phase diagram up to pressure of 1 TPa and temperature of 15 kK based on density functional theory. First of all the comparison of pseudopotential and full potential calculations is carried out for different uranium phases. In the second step, phase diagram at zero temperature is investigated by means of program USPEX and pseudopotential calculations. Stable and metastable structures with close energies are selected. In order to obtain phase diagram at finite temperatures the preliminary selection of stable phases is made by free energy calculation based on small displacement method. For remaining candidates the accurate values of free energy are obtained by means of thermodynamic integration method (TIM). For this purpose quantum molecular dynamics are carried out at different volumes and temperatures. Interatomic potentials based machine learning are developed in order to consider large systems and long times for TIM. The potentials reproduce the free energy with the accuracy 1-5 meV/atom, which is sufficient for prediction of phase transitions. The equilibrium curves of different phases are obtained based on free energies. Melting curve is calculated by modified Z-method with developed potential.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mohan, A.; Soni, N.C.; Moorthy, V.K.
1979-01-01
Ashby's method (see Acta Met., vol. 22, p. 275, 1974) of constructing sintering diagrams has been modified to obtain contribution diagrams directly from the computer. The interplay of sintering variables and mechanisms are studied and the factors that affect the participation of mechanisms in UO 2 are determined. By studying the physical properties, it emerges that the order of inaccuracies is small in most cases and do not affect the diagrams. On the other hand, even a 10% error in activation energies, which is quite plausible, would make a significant difference to the diagram. The main criticism of Ashby's approach is that the numerous properties and equations used, communicate their inaccuracies to the diagrams and make them unreliable. The present study has considerably reduced the number of factors that need to be refined to make the sintering diagrams more meaningful. (Auth.)
Modeling process flow using diagrams
Kemper, B.; de Mast, J.; Mandjes, M.
2010-01-01
In the practice of process improvement, tools such as the flowchart, the value-stream map (VSM), and a variety of ad hoc variants of such diagrams are commonly used. The purpose of this paper is to present a clear, precise, and consistent framework for the use of such flow diagrams in process improvement projects. The paper finds that traditional diagrams, such as the flowchart, the VSM, and OR-type of diagrams, have severe limitations, miss certain elements, or are based on implicit but cons...
Influence diagram in evaluating the subjective judgment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hong, Y.
1997-01-01
The author developed the idea of the subjective influence diagrams to evaluate subjective judgment. The subjective judgment of a stake holder is a primary decision making proposition. It involves a basic decision process an the individual attitude of the stake holder for his decision purpose. The subjective judgment dominates the some final decisions. A complex decision process may include the subjective judgment. An influence diagram framework is a simplest tool for analyzing subjective judgment process. In the framework, the characters of influence diagrams generate the describing the analyzing, and the evaluating of the subjective judgment. The relationship between the information and the decision, such as independent character between them, is the main issue. Then utility function is the calculating tool to evaluation, the stake holder can make optimal decision. Through the analysis about the decision process and relationship, the building process of the influence diagram identically describes the subjective judgment. Some examples are given to explain the property of subjective judgment and the analysis process
Spin wave Feynman diagram vertex computation package
Price, Alexander; Javernick, Philip; Datta, Trinanjan
Spin wave theory is a well-established theoretical technique that can correctly predict the physical behavior of ordered magnetic states. However, computing the effects of an interacting spin wave theory incorporating magnons involve a laborious by hand derivation of Feynman diagram vertices. The process is tedious and time consuming. Hence, to improve productivity and have another means to check the analytical calculations, we have devised a Feynman Diagram Vertex Computation package. In this talk, we will describe our research group's effort to implement a Mathematica based symbolic Feynman diagram vertex computation package that computes spin wave vertices. Utilizing the non-commutative algebra package NCAlgebra as an add-on to Mathematica, symbolic expressions for the Feynman diagram vertices of a Heisenberg quantum antiferromagnet are obtained. Our existing code reproduces the well-known expressions of a nearest neighbor square lattice Heisenberg model. We also discuss the case of a triangular lattice Heisenberg model where non collinear terms contribute to the vertex interactions.
The Eh-pH Diagram and Its Advances
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hsin-Hsiung Huang
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Since Pourbaix presented Eh versus pH diagrams in his “Atlas of Electrochemical Equilibria in Aqueous Solution”, diagrams have become extremely popular and are now used in almost every scientific area related to aqueous chemistry. Due to advances in personal computers, such diagrams can now show effects not only of Eh and pH, but also of variables, including ligand(s, temperature and pressure. Examples from various fields are illustrated in this paper. Examples include geochemical formation, corrosion and passivation, precipitation and adsorption for water treatment and leaching and metal recovery for hydrometallurgy. Two basic methods were developed to construct an Eh-pH diagram concerning the ligand component(s. The first method calculates and draws a line between two adjacent species based on their given activities. The second method performs equilibrium calculations over an array of points (500 × 800 or higher are preferred, each representing one Eh and one pH value for the whole system, then combines areas of each dominant species for the diagram. These two methods may produce different diagrams. The fundamental theories, illustrated results, comparison and required conditions behind these two methods are presented and discussed in this paper. The Gibbs phase rule equation for an Eh-pH diagram was derived and verified from actual plots. Besides indicating the stability area of water, an Eh-pH diagram normally shows only half of an overall reaction. However, merging two or more related diagrams together reveals more clearly the possibility of the reactions involved. For instance, leaching of Au with cyanide followed by cementing Au with Zn (Merrill-Crowe process can be illustrated by combining Au-CN and Zn-CN diagrams together. A second example of the galvanic conversion of chalcopyrite can be explained by merging S, Fe–S and Cu–Fe–S diagrams. The calculation of an Eh-pH diagram can be extended easily into another dimension, such
Barnum, Dennis W.
1982-01-01
Potential-pH diagrams show the domains of redoxpotential and pH in which major species are most stable. Constructing such diagrams provides students with opportunities to decide what species must be considered, search literature for equilibrium constants and free energies of formation, and practice in using the Nernst equation. (Author/JN)
Diagram Techniques in Group Theory
Stedman, Geoffrey E.
2009-09-01
Preface; 1. Elementary examples; 2. Angular momentum coupling diagram techniques; 3. Extension to compact simple phase groups; 4. Symmetric and unitary groups; 5. Lie groups and Lie algebras; 6. Polarisation dependence of multiphoton processes; 7. Quantum field theoretic diagram techniques for atomic systems; 8. Applications; Appendix; References; Indexes.
Modeling process flow using diagrams
Kemper, B.; de Mast, J.; Mandjes, M.
2010-01-01
In the practice of process improvement, tools such as the flowchart, the value-stream map (VSM), and a variety of ad hoc variants of such diagrams are commonly used. The purpose of this paper is to present a clear, precise, and consistent framework for the use of such flow diagrams in process
Impact decision support diagrams
Boslough, Mark
2014-10-01
One way to frame the job of planetary defense is to “find the optimal approach for finding the optimal approach” to NEO mitigation. This requires a framework for defining in advance what should be done under various circumstances. The two-dimensional action matrix from the recent NRC report “Defending Planet Earth” can be generalized to a notional “Impact Decision Support Diagram” by extending it into a third dimension. The NRC action matrix incorporated two important axes: size and time-to-impact, but probability of impact is also critical (it is part of the definitions of both the Torino and Palermo scales). Uncertainty has been neglected, but is also crucial. It can be incorporated by subsuming it into the NEO size axis by redefining size to be three standard deviations greater than the best estimate, thereby providing a built-in conservative margin. The independent variable is time-to-impact, which is known with high precision. The other two axes are both quantitative assessments of uncertainty and are both time dependent. Thus, the diagram is entirely an expression of uncertainty. The true impact probability is either one or zero, and the true size does not change. The domain contains information about the current uncertainty, which changes with time (as opposed to reality, which does not change).
Phase diagram for interacting Bose gases
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Morawetz, K.; Maennel, M.; Schreiber, M.
2007-01-01
We propose a modified form of the inversion method in terms of a self-energy expansion to access the phase diagram of the Bose-Einstein transition. The dependence of the critical temperature on the interaction parameter is calculated. This is discussed with the help of a condition for Bose-Einstein condensation in interacting systems which follows from the pole of the T matrix in the same way as from the divergence of the medium-dependent scattering length. A many-body approximation consisting of screened ladder diagrams is proposed, which describes the Monte Carlo data more appropriately. The specific results are that a non-self-consistent T matrix leads to a linear coefficient in leading order of 4.7, the screened ladder approximation to 2.3, and the self-consistent T matrix due to the effective mass to a coefficient of 1.3 close to the Monte Carlo data
Wind Diagrams in Medieval Iceland
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kedwards, Dale
2014-01-01
This article presents a study of the sole wind diagram that survives from medieval Iceland, preserved in the encyclopaedic miscellany in Copenhagen's Arnamagnæan Institute with the shelf mark AM 732b 4to (c. 1300-25). It examines the wind diagram and its accompanying text, an excerpt on the winds...... from Isidore of Seville's Etymologies. It also examines the perimeter of winds on two medieval Icelandic world maps, and the visual traditions from which they draw....
Asteroseismic Diagram for Subgiants and Red Giants
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gai, Ning; Tang, Yanke [College of Physics and Electronic information, Dezhou University, Dezhou 253023 (China); Yu, Peng [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331 (China); Dou, Xianghua, E-mail: ning_gai@163.com, E-mail: tyk450@163.com [Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biophysics, Dezhou University, Dezhou 253023 (China)
2017-02-10
Asteroseismology is a powerful tool for constraining stellar parameters. NASA’s Kepler mission is providing individual eigenfrequencies for a huge number of stars, including thousands of red giants. Besides the frequencies of acoustic modes, an important breakthrough of the Kepler mission is the detection of nonradial gravity-dominated mixed-mode oscillations in red giants. Unlike pure acoustic modes, mixed modes probe deeply into the interior of stars, allowing the stellar core properties and evolution of stars to be derived. In this work, using the gravity-mode period spacing and the large frequency separation, we construct the ΔΠ{sub 1}–Δ ν asteroseismic diagram from models of subgiants and red giants with various masses and metallicities. The relationship ΔΠ{sub 1}–Δ ν is able to constrain the ages and masses of the subgiants. Meanwhile, for red giants with masses above 1.5 M {sub ⊙}, the ΔΠ{sub 1}–Δ ν asteroseismic diagram can also work well to constrain the stellar age and mass. Additionally, we calculate the relative “isochrones” τ , which indicate similar evolution states especially for similar mass stars, on the ΔΠ{sub 1}–Δ ν diagram.
A practical guide to Feynman diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bowler, K.C.
1980-01-01
These lectures serve as an introduction to the basic ideas of relativistic quantum theory, perturbation theory and the Feynman diagram calculus, in the context of electromagnetic interactions. The main objective is to get the student as rapidly as possible to the point where he can calculate the lowest order cross-sections for a variety of two-body electromagnetic processes. The techniques are considered under the headings: relativistic wave equations, electrodynamics of spinless particles, and electrodynamics of spin-1/2 particles. A selection of problems and exercises is included. (U.K.)
New detectors for powders diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Convert, P.
1975-01-01
During the last few years, all the classical neutron diffractometers for powders have used one or maybe a few counters. So, it takes a long time to obtain a diagram which causes many disadvantages: 1) very long experiments: one or two days (or flux on the sample about 10 6 n/cm 2 /a); 2) necessity of big samples: many cm 3 ; 3) necessity of having the whole diagram before changing anything in the experiment: magnetic field, temperature, quality of the sample; 4) necessity of having collimators of a few times ten minutes to obtain correct statistics in the diagram. Because of these disadvantages, several attempts have been made to speed up the experimental procedure such as using more counters, the detection of neutrons on a resistive wire, etc. In Grenoble, new position-sensitive detectors have been constructed using a digital technique
Multi-currency Influence Diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Søren Holbech; Nielsen, Thomas Dyhre; Jensen, Finn V.
2007-01-01
When using the influence diagrams framework for solving a decision problem with several different quantitative utilities, the traditional approach has been to convert the utilities into one common currency. This conversion is carried out using a tacit transformation, under the assumption that the......When using the influence diagrams framework for solving a decision problem with several different quantitative utilities, the traditional approach has been to convert the utilities into one common currency. This conversion is carried out using a tacit transformation, under the assumption...... that the converted problem is equivalent to the original one. In this paper we present an extension of the influence diagram framework. The extension allows for these decision problems to be modelled in their original form. We present an algorithm that, given a linear conversion function between the currencies...
A diagram for defined solar radiation absorbed per unit area of flat plate solar collectors
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tekin, Y.; Altuntop, N. [Erciyes University, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering (Turkey); Cengel, Y.A. [Nevada Reno University, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, NV (United States); Cengel, Y.A. [Nevada University, Dept. Mechanical Engineering, Reno, NV (United States)
2000-07-01
In Erciyes University, the Solar House (28.75 m{sup 2}) is heated from the floor by using flat plate liquid solar collectors. Required solar radiation for heating and heat losses are calculated. In this work, the required calculations for Erciyes Solar House were generalized and required calculation were done to evaluate absorbed solar radiation per unit surface of the flat plate liquid collector. At the end, three generalized diagrams for nine different months are obtained using obtained numerical values. The goal of preparing diagrams is to determine absorbed solar radiation per unit surface area of flat plate liquid collector at any instant at any latitude, In this work, the diagram is explained by means of sample calculations for November. This diagram was prepared to find out absorbed solar radiation per unit area of black surface collector by means obtained equations. With this diagram, all instant solar radiation can be evaluated in 19 steps. (authors)
Evaluation of self-interaction parameters from binary phase diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ellison, T.L.
1977-10-01
The feasibility of calculating Wagner self-interaction parameters from binary phase diagrams was examined. The self-interaction parameters of 22 non-ferrous liquid solutions were calculated utilizing an equation based on the equality of the chemical potentials of a component in two equilibrium phases. Utilization of the equation requires the evaluation of the first and second derivatives of various liquidus and solidus data at infinite dilution of the solute component. Several numerical methods for evaluating the derivatives of tabular data were examined. A method involving power series curve fitting and subsequent differentiation of the power series was found to be the most suitable for the interaction parameter calculations. Comparison of the calculated self-interaction parameters with values obtained from thermodynamic measurements indicates that the Wagner self-interaction parameter can be successfully calculated from binary phase diagrams
Phase diagram of Hertzian spheres
Pàmies, J.C.; Cacciuto, A.; Frenkel, D.
2009-01-01
We report the phase diagram of interpenetrating Hertzian spheres. The Hertz potential is purely repulsive, bounded at zero separation, and decreases monotonically as a power law with exponent 5/2, vanishing at the overlapping threshold. This simple functional describes the elastic interaction of
Multi-currency Influence Diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Søren Holbech; Nielsen, Thomas Dyhre; Jensen, Finn Verner
2004-01-01
that the converted problem is equivalent to the original one. In this paper we present an extension of the Influence Diagram framework, which allows for these decision problems to be modelled in their original form. We present an algorithm that, given a conversion function between the currencies, discovers...
Electrical elementary diagrams and operators
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Patterson, B.K. [Human Factors Practical Inc., Dipper Harbour, New Brunswick (Canada)]. E-mail: HumanFactors@netscape.ca
2005-07-01
After 40 years of reading and interrupting electrical elementary logic drawings, I have concluded that we need to make a change. We need to write and express our nuclear power plant logic in some other language than relay ladder logic, solid state logic or computer mnemonics. The language should be English, or your native language, and the format should be Descriptive Block Diagrams. (author)
Integrability and maximally helicity violating diagrams in n=4 supersymmetric yang-mills theory.
Brandhuber, Andreas; Penante, Brenda; Travaglini, Gabriele; Young, Donovan
2015-02-20
We apply maximally helicity violating (MHV) diagrams to the derivation of the one-loop dilatation operator of N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in the SO(6) sector. We find that in this approach the calculation reduces to the evaluation of a single MHV diagram in dimensional regularization. This provides the first application of MHV diagrams to an off-shell quantity. We also discuss other applications of the method and future directions.
Testing molecular potential functions with bifurcation diagrams of periodic orbits
Farantos, S. C.; Zachilas, L.
1993-12-01
An evaluation of the performance of a molecular potential energy function in dynamical calculations can be obtained by constructing bifurcation diagrams of periodic orbits. This is demonstrated for the HCN molecule by using two analytical potential functions which give a global and a local representation of the surface respectively.
The Molybdenum titanium Phase Diagram Evaluated from Ab initio Calculations
2016-10-07
cytotoxicity and hemocompatibility studies of Ti–Nb, Ti–Nb–Zr and Ti–Nb–Hf biomedical shape memory alloys, Biomed. Mater. 5 (2010) 044102. 2 A. Ramarolahy...employed as biomaterials : effects of composition and aging heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical behavior, J. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater...D. Velten, M. Müller, R. Thull, J. Breme, Biocompatibility of β-stabilizing elements of titanium alloys, Biomaterials 25 (2004) 5705-5713. 10 M
Bayesian Networks and Influence Diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kjærulff, Uffe Bro; Madsen, Anders Læsø
Probabilistic networks, also known as Bayesian networks and influence diagrams, have become one of the most promising technologies in the area of applied artificial intelligence, offering intuitive, efficient, and reliable methods for diagnosis, prediction, decision making, classification......, troubleshooting, and data mining under uncertainty. Bayesian Networks and Influence Diagrams: A Guide to Construction and Analysis provides a comprehensive guide for practitioners who wish to understand, construct, and analyze intelligent systems for decision support based on probabilistic networks. Intended...... primarily for practitioners, this book does not require sophisticated mathematical skills or deep understanding of the underlying theory and methods nor does it discuss alternative technologies for reasoning under uncertainty. The theory and methods presented are illustrated through more than 140 examples...
Anatomy of geodesic Witten diagrams
Chen, Heng-Yu; Kuo, En-Jui; Kyono, Hideki
2017-05-01
We revisit the so-called "Geodesic Witten Diagrams" (GWDs) [1], proposed to be the holographic dual configuration of scalar conformal partial waves, from the perspectives of CFT operator product expansions. To this end, we explicitly consider three point GWDs which are natural building blocks of all possible four point GWDs, discuss their gluing procedure through integration over spectral parameter, and this leads us to a direct identification with the integral representation of CFT conformal partial waves. As a main application of this general construction, we consider the holographic dual of the conformal partial waves for external primary operators with spins. Moreover, we consider the closely related "split representation" for the bulk to bulk spinning propagator, to demonstrate how ordinary scalar Witten diagram with arbitrary spin exchange, can be systematically decomposed into scalar GWDs. We also discuss how to generalize to spinning cases.
Hubble's diagram and cosmic expansion
Kirshner, Robert P.
2003-01-01
Edwin Hubble's classic article on the expanding universe appeared in PNAS in 1929 [Hubble, E. P. (1929) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 15, 168–173]. The chief result, that a galaxy's distance is proportional to its redshift, is so well known and so deeply embedded into the language of astronomy through the Hubble diagram, the Hubble constant, Hubble's Law, and the Hubble time, that the article itself is rarely referenced. Even though Hubble's distances have a large systematic error, Hubble's velo...
Phase Stability Diagrams for High Temperature Corrosion Processes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. J. Ramos-Hernandez
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Corrosion phenomena of metals by fused salts depend on chemical composition of the melt and environmental conditions of the system. Detail knowledge of chemistry and thermodynamic of aggressive species formed during the corrosion process is essential for a better understanding of materials degradation exposed to high temperature. When there is a lack of kinetic data for the corrosion processes, an alternative to understand the thermodynamic behavior of chemical species is to utilize phase stability diagrams. Nowadays, there are several specialized software programs to calculate phase stability diagrams. These programs are based on thermodynamics of chemical reactions. Using a thermodynamic data base allows the calculation of different types of phase diagrams. However, sometimes it is difficult to have access to such data bases. In this work, an alternative way to calculate phase stability diagrams is presented. The work is exemplified in the Na-V-S-O and Al-Na-V-S-O systems. This system was chosen because vanadium salts is one of the more aggressive system for all engineering alloys, especially in those processes where fossil fuels are used.
Magnetic phase diagram of the Fe-Ni system
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Xiong, W., E-mail: wxiong@yahoo.com [Division of Computational Thermodynamics, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, KTH (Royal Institute of Technology), Brinellvaegen 23, SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); State Key Lab of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Zhang, H.; Vitos, L. [Division of Applied Physics, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, KTH (Royal Institute of Technology), Brinellvaegen 23, SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden); Selleby, M. [Division of Computational Thermodynamics, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, KTH (Royal Institute of Technology), Brinellvaegen 23, SE-100 44 Stockholm (Sweden)
2011-01-15
Magnetic phase diagrams of body-centered cubic and face-centered cubic Fe-Ni alloys were constructed using available experimental data and ab initio calculations. The results show that significant improvements in the 'standard' diagrams (handbooks and CALPHAD databases) are required. The present work demonstrates that the CALPHAD magnetic model is not sophisticated enough to describe the Fe-Ni system. In addition, a new thermodynamic description of the lattice stability for pure Ni is urgently needed, since the recommended magnetic properties for CALPHAD modeling are distinct from the experimental and ab initio results. This work indicates that the construction of magnetic phase diagrams is indispensable during the phase transformation study of magnetic systems.
Diagram Size vs. Layout Flaws: Understanding Quality Factors of UML Diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Störrle, Harald
2016-01-01
, though, is our third goal of extending our analysis aspects of diagram quality. Method: We improve our definition of diagram size and add a (provisional) definition of diagram quality as the number of topographic layout flaws. We apply these metrics on 60 diagrams of the five most commonly used types...... of UML diagram. We carefully analyze the structure of our diagram samples to ensure representativeness. We correlate diagram size and layout quality with modeler performance data obtained in previous experiments. The data set is the largest of its kind (n-156). Results: We replicate earlier findings......, and extend them to two new diagram types. We provide an improved definition of diagram size, and provide a definition of topographic layout quality, which is one more step towards a comprehensive definition of diagram quality as such. Both metrics are shown to be objectively applicable. We quantify...
Voronoi Diagrams Without Bounding Boxes
Sang, E. T. K.
2015-10-01
We present a technique for presenting geographic data in Voronoi diagrams without having to specify a bounding box. The method restricts Voronoi cells to points within a user-defined distance of the data points. The mathematical foundation of the approach is presented as well. The cell clipping method is particularly useful for presenting geographic data that is spread in an irregular way over a map, as for example the Dutch dialect data displayed in Figure 2. The automatic generation of reasonable cell boundaries also makes redundant a frequently used solution to this problem that requires data owners to specify region boundaries, as in Goebl (2010) and Nerbonne et al (2011).
Grid diagrams and Khovanov homology
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Droz, Jean-Marie; Wagner, Emmanuel
2009-01-01
We explain how to compute the Jones polynomial of a link from one of its grid diagrams and we observe a connection between Bigelow’s homological definition of the Jones polynomial and Kauffman’s definition of the Jones polynomial. Consequently, we prove that the Maslov grading on the Seidel–Smith...... symplectic link invariant coincides with the difference between the homological grading on Khovanov homology and the Jones grading on Khovanov homology. We give some evidence for the truth of the Seidel–Smith conjecture....
Towards cardinality-based service feature diagrams
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ghulam Mustafa Assad
2015-03-01
Full Text Available To provide efficient services to end-user it is essential to manage variability among services. Feature modelling is an important approach to manage variability and commonalities of a system in product line. Feature models are composed of feature diagrams. Service feature diagrams (an extended form of feature diagrams changed the basic framework of feature diagrams by proposing new feature types and their relevance. Service feature diagrams provide selection rights for variable features. In this paper we argue that it is essential to put cardinalities on service feature diagrams. That is, the selection of features should be done under some constraints, to provide a lower and upper limit for the selection of features. The use of cardinalities on service feature diagrams reduces the types of features to half, while keeping the integrity of all features.
Influence Diagram Use With Respect to Technology Planning and Investment
Levack, Daniel J. H.; DeHoff, Bryan; Rhodes, Russel E.
2009-01-01
Influence diagrams are relatively simple, but powerful, tools for assessing the impact of choices or resource allocations on goals or requirements. They are very general and can be used on a wide range of problems. They can be used for any problem that has defined goals, a set of factors that influence the goals or the other factors, and a set of inputs. Influence diagrams show the relationship among a set of results and the attributes that influence them and the inputs that influence the attributes. If the results are goals or requirements of a program, then the influence diagram can be used to examine how the requirements are affected by changes to technology investment. This paper uses an example to show how to construct and interpret influence diagrams, how to assign weights to the inputs and attributes, how to assign weights to the transfer functions (influences), and how to calculate the resulting influences of the inputs on the results. A study is also presented as an example of how using influence diagrams can help in technology planning and investment. The Space Propulsion Synergy Team (SPST) used this technique to examine the impact of R&D spending on the Life Cycle Cost (LCC) of a space transportation system. The question addressed was the effect on the recurring and the non-recurring portions of LCC of the proportion of R&D resources spent to impact technology objectives versus the proportion spent to impact operational dependability objectives. The goals, attributes, and the inputs were established. All of the linkages (influences) were determined. The weighting of each of the attributes and each of the linkages was determined. Finally the inputs were varied and the impacts on the LCC determined and are presented. The paper discusses how each of these was accomplished both for credibility and as an example for future studies using influence diagrams for technology planning and investment planning.
VORONOI DIAGRAMS WITHOUT BOUNDING BOXES
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
E. T. K. Sang
2015-10-01
Full Text Available We present a technique for presenting geographic data in Voronoi diagrams without having to specify a bounding box. The method restricts Voronoi cells to points within a user-defined distance of the data points. The mathematical foundation of the approach is presented as well. The cell clipping method is particularly useful for presenting geographic data that is spread in an irregular way over a map, as for example the Dutch dialect data displayed in Figure 2. The automatic generation of reasonable cell boundaries also makes redundant a frequently used solution to this problem that requires data owners to specify region boundaries, as in Goebl (2010 and Nerbonne et al (2011.
Bayesian Networks and Influence Diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kjærulff, Uffe Bro; Madsen, Anders Læsø
Bayesian Networks and Influence Diagrams: A Guide to Construction and Analysis, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive guide for practitioners who wish to understand, construct, and analyze intelligent systems for decision support based on probabilistic networks. This new edition contains six new...... sections, in addition to fully-updated examples, tables, figures, and a revised appendix. Intended primarily for practitioners, this book does not require sophisticated mathematical skills or deep understanding of the underlying theory and methods nor does it discuss alternative technologies for reasoning...... under uncertainty. The theory and methods presented are illustrated through more than 140 examples, and exercises are included for the reader to check his or her level of understanding. The techniques and methods presented on model construction and verification, modeling techniques and tricks, learning...
Process Flow Diagrams for Training and Operations
Venter, Jacobus
This paper focuses on the use of process flow diagrams for training first responders who execute search and seizure warrants at electronic crime scenes. A generic process flow framework is presented, and the design goals and layout characteristics of process flow diagrams are discussed. An evaluation of the process flow diagrams used in training courses indicates that they are beneficial to first responders performing searches and seizures, and they speed up investigations, including those conducted by experienced personnel.
Do we need Feynman diagrams for higher order perturbation theory?
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jora, Renata
2012-01-01
We compute the two loop and three loop corrections to the beta function for Yang-Mills theories in the background gauge field method and using the background gauge field as the only source. The calculations are based on the separation of the one loop effective potential into zero and positive modes contributions and are entirely analytical. No two or three loop Feynman diagrams are considered in the process.
Resonant count diagram and solar g mode oscillations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Guenther, D.B.; Demarque, P.
1984-01-01
Evidence is provided to support the hypothesis that, because of the particular frequency separations of the solar g modes, resonant three-wave interactions stimulate only a selected few g modes. A resonant count diagram was obtained by plotting the total number of possible resonant three-wave interactions or a given beat frequency against the inverse of the beat frequency (the beat period), within a given frequency tolerance. The 1 = 1, 2, 3, 4 g modes calculated by Christensen-Dalsgaard, Gough and Morgan (1979) for a standard model of the Sun were used. The diagram has a significant peak at 160 minutes as well as other peaks at longer periods. The g modes that Delache and Scherrer (1983) tentatively identified from the Crimea-Stanford data were also plotted. These modes were found to correspond with the other peaks in the diagram. This coincidence between the observed g modes and the peaks in the resonant count diagram suggest that the observed g modes do owe their observability to resonant three-wave interactions
Checking of the main hypothesis of statistical standardization of radiometry diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lozovaya, L.A.; Lakhnyuk, V.M.
1978-01-01
The method is suggested to check the main hypothesis of statistical standardization of neutron-gamma method diagrams (NGM) by comparison of standardizing parameters - mathematical expectation (m) and mean-square deviation (σ). The standard object (deposit) is chosen within the limits of the region under consideration and the diagram for comparison m and σ values is plotted for it. Confidence limits of the m=f (σ) and σ=f(m) regressions are calculated and plotted in the diagram. Interval estimations of the standard object are assumed as confidence limits of regressions of the object under study. The main premise of statistical standardization of diagrams is not valid beyond the limits of conjugated confidence interval. A graphical method of checking the hypothesis of statistical standardization of NGM diagrams for subsalt layers of various deposits is presented
Building Path Diagrams for Multilevel Models
Curran, Patrick J.; Bauer, Daniel J.
2007-01-01
Multilevel models have come to play an increasingly important role in many areas of social science research. However, in contrast to other modeling strategies, there is currently no widely used approach for graphically diagramming multilevel models. Ideally, such diagrams would serve two functions: to provide a formal structure for deriving the…
CERPHASE: Computer-generated phase diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ruys, A.J.; Sorrell, C.C.; Scott, F.H.
1990-01-01
CERPHASE is a collection of computer programs written in the programming language basic and developed for the purpose of teaching the principles of phase diagram generation from the ideal solution model of thermodynamics. Two approaches are used in the generation of the phase diagrams: freezing point depression and minimization of the free energy of mixing. Binary and ternary phase diagrams can be generated as can diagrams containing the ideal solution parameters used to generate the actual phase diagrams. Since the diagrams generated utilize the ideal solution model, data input required from the operator is minimal: only the heat of fusion and melting point of each component. CERPHASE is menu-driven and user-friendly, containing simple instructions in the form of screen prompts as well as a HELP file to guide the operator. A second purpose of CERPHASE is in the prediction of phase diagrams in systems for which no experimentally determined phase diagrams are available, enabling the estimation of suitable firing or sintering temperatures for otherwise unknown systems. Since CERPHASE utilizes ideal solution theory, there are certain limitations imposed on the types of systems that can be predicted reliably. 6 refs., 13 refs
Using Affinity Diagrams to Evaluate Interactive Prototypes
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lucero, Andrés
2015-01-01
Affinity diagramming is a technique used to externalize, make sense of, and organize large amounts of unstructured, far-ranging, and seemingly dissimilar qualitative data. HCI and interaction design practitioners have adopted and used affinity diagrams for different purposes. This paper discusses...
Automatically extracting class diagrams from spreadsheets
Hermans, F.; Pinzger, M.; Van Deursen, A.
2010-01-01
The use of spreadsheets to capture information is widespread in industry. Spreadsheets can thus be a wealthy source of domain information. We propose to automatically extract this information and transform it into class diagrams. The resulting class diagram can be used by software engineers to
Lubrication modes and the transition diagram
Schipper, Dirk J.; de Gee, A.W.J.
1995-01-01
The relationship between a Lubrication Mode Diagram (LMD) for concentrated contacts (LCC's) and the IRG transition diagram has been studied. In addition, scuffing results, obtained by the IRG (International Research Group) have been analysed, as well as the results of scuffing tests performed by
Drawing theories apart the dispersion of Feynman diagrams in postwar physics
Kaiser, David
2005-01-01
Winner of the 2007 Pfizer Prize from the History of Science Society. Feynman diagrams have revolutionized nearly every aspect of theoretical physics since the middle of the twentieth century. Introduced by the American physicist Richard Feynman (1918-88) soon after World War II as a means of simplifying lengthy calculations in quantum electrodynamics, they soon gained adherents in many branches of the discipline. Yet as new physicists adopted the tiny line drawings, they also adapted the diagrams and introduced their own interpretations. Drawing Theories Apart traces how generations of young theorists learned to frame their research in terms of the diagrams—and how both the diagrams and their users were molded in the process.Drawing on rich archival materials, interviews, and more than five hundred scientific articles from the period, Drawing Theories Apart uses the Feynman diagrams as a means to explore the development of American postwar physics. By focusing on the ways young physicists learned new calcul...
Phase diagram of a one-dimensional spin-orbital model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Itoi, Chigak; Qin, Shaojin; Affleck, Ian
2000-01-01
We study a one-dimensional spin-orbital model using both analytical and numerical methods. Renormalization group calculations are performed in the vicinity of a special integrable point in the phase diagram with SU(4) symmetry. These indicate the existence of a gapless phase in an extended region of the phase diagram, missed in previous studies. This phase is SU(4) invariant at low energies apart from the presence of different velocities for spin and orbital degrees of freedom. The phase transition into a gapped dimerized phase is in a generalized Kosterlitz-Thouless universality class. The phase diagram of this model is sketched using the density matrix renormalization group technique
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
K. Gawdzińska
2011-04-01
Full Text Available This author discusses the use of selected quality management tools, i.e. the Pareto chart and Ishikawa fishbone diagram, for the descriptionof composite casting defects. The Pareto chart allows to determine defect priority related with metallic composite castings, while theIshikawa diagram indicates the causes of defect formation and enables calculating defect weights.
The pressure-temperature phase diagram of MgH₂ and isotopic substitution.
Moser, D; Baldissin, G; Bull, D J; Riley, D J; Morrison, I; Ross, D K; Oates, W A; Noréus, D
2011-08-03
Computational thermodynamics using density functional theory ab initio codes is a powerful tool for calculating phase diagrams. The method is usually applied at the standard pressure of p = 1 bar and where the Gibbs energy is assumed to be equal to the Helmholtz energy. In this work, we have calculated the Gibbs energy in order to study the release temperature and phase modifications of MgH(2) at high pressures up to 10 GPa (100 kbar). The isotopic substitution of hydrogen with deuterium (or tritium) does not bring about any strong effects on the phase diagram. These considerations are of extreme importance for (i) the synthesis of novel substitutional magnesium based materials at high pressure and (ii) the determination of the correct reference states for the calculation of phase diagrams at high pressure. The calculated results are compared with experimental data obtained with an in situ neutron diffraction measurement.
Between Analogue and Digital Diagrams
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zoltan Bun
2012-10-01
Full Text Available This essay is about the interstitial. About how the diagram, as a method of design, has lead fromthe analogue deconstruction of the eighties to the digital processes of the turn of the millennium.Specifically, the main topic of the text is the interpretation and the critique of folding (as a diagramin the beginning of the nineties. It is necessary then to unfold its relationship with immediatelypreceding and following architectural trends, that is to say we have to look both backwards andforwards by about a decade. The question is the context of folding, the exchange of the analogueworld for the digital. To understand the process it is easier to investigate from the fields of artand culture, rather than from the intentionally perplicated1 thoughts of Gilles Deleuze. Both fieldsare relevant here because they can similarly be used as the yardstick against which the era itselfit measured. The cultural scene of the eighties and nineties, including performing arts, movies,literature and philosophy, is a wide milieu of architecture. Architecture responds parallel to itsera; it reacts to it, and changes with it and within it. Architecture is a medium, it has always beena medium, yet the relations are transformed. That’s not to say that technical progress, for exampleusing CAD-software and CNC-s, has led to the digital thinking of certain movements ofarchitecture, (it is at most an indirect tool. But the ‘up-to-dateness’ of the discipline, however,a kind of non-servile reading of an ‘applied culture’ or ‘used philosophy’2 could be the key.(We might recall here, parenthetically, the fortunes of the artistic in contemporary mass society.The proliferation of museums, the magnification of the figure of the artist, the existence of amassive consumption of printed and televised artistic images, the widespread appetite for informationabout the arts, all reflect, of course, an increasingly leisured society, but also relateprecisely to the fact
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Haung, H.; Cuentas, L.
1989-01-01
Stability diagrams for a multicomponent system in aqueous chemistry provide important information for hydrometallurgy, corrosion science, geochemistry and environmental science. Two distinct types of diagrams constructed are predominance diagrams and distribution diagrams. The ability to construct stability diagrams easily, quickly and accurately is most helpful in research and development and in academic programs. The use of a microcomputer is handicapped by slow speed and limited memory. Developing program methods that promote easy calculation and plot the diagram directly on a CRT or a plotter is a primary concern. As presented in this paper, the calculation of equilibrium and boundary constraints, combined with isolation of stability areas, works well for constructing predominance diagrams. Equilibrium constraints can be obtained based on free energies of formation. Boundary constraints for the ligand component are the boundary of the diagram, and constraints for the main component are the surrounding lines of each dominant ligand. Other considerations regarding the chemical model, mathematics computation and the use of microcomputers pertaining to diagram construction are discussed. The uranium in a multicomponent system is used for demonstration
Enhancing the Diagramming Method in Informal Logic
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dale JACQUETTE
2011-12-01
Full Text Available The argument diagramming method developed by Monroe C. Beardsley in his (1950 book Practical Logic, which has since become the gold standard for diagramming arguments in informal logic, makes it possible to map the relation between premises and conclusions of a chain of reasoning in relatively complex ways. The method has since been adapted and developed in a number of directions by many contemporary informal logicians and argumentation theorists. It has proved useful in practical applications and especially pedagogically in teaching basic logic and critical reasoning skills at all levels of scientific education. I propose in this essay to build on Beardsley diagramming techniques to refine and supplement their structural tools for visualizing logical relationships in a number of categories not originally accommodated by Beardsley diagramming, including circular reasoning, reductio ad absurdum arguments, and efforts to dispute and contradict arguments, with applications and analysis.
A novel decision diagrams extension method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Li, Shumin; Si, Shubin; Dui, Hongyan; Cai, Zhiqiang; Sun, Shudong
2014-01-01
Binary decision diagram (BDD) is a graph-based representation of Boolean functions. It is a directed acyclic graph (DAG) based on Shannon's decomposition. Multi-state multi-valued decision diagram (MMDD) is a natural extension of BDD for the symbolic representation and manipulation of the multi-valued logic functions. This paper proposes a decision diagram extension method based on original BDD/MMDD while the scale of a reliability system is extended. Following a discussion of decomposition and physical meaning of BDD and MMDD, the modeling method of BDD/MMDD based on original BDD/MMDD is introduced. Three case studies are implemented to demonstrate the presented methods. Compared with traditional BDD and MMDD generation methods, the decision diagrams extension method is more computationally efficient as shown through the running time
Astrophysics implication of dense matter phase diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sedrakian, A.
2010-01-01
I will discuss the ways that astrophysics can help us to understand the phase diagram of dense matter. The examples will include gravitational wave from compact stars, cooling of compact stars, and effects on vorticity on compact star dynamics. (author)
Quarks and gluons in the phase diagram of quantum chromodynamics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Welzbacher, Christian Andreas
2016-07-14
In this dissertation we study the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter by approaching the theory of quantum chromodynamics in the functional approach of Dyson-Schwinger equations. With these quantum (field) equations of motions we calculate the non-perturbative quark propagator within the Matsubara formalism. We built up on previous works and extend the so-called truncation scheme, which is necessary to render the infinite tower of Dyson-Schwinger equations finite and study phase transitions of chiral symmetry and the confinement/deconfinement transition. In the first part of this thesis we discuss general aspects of quantum chromodynamics and introduce the Dyson-Schwinger equations in general and present the quark Dyson-Schwinger equation together with its counterpart for the gluon. The Bethe-Salpeter equation is introduced which is necessary to perform two-body bound state calculations. A view on the phase diagram of quantum chromodynamics is given, including the discussion of order parameter for chiral symmetry and confinement. Here we also discuss the dependence of the phase structure on the masses of the quarks. In the following we present the truncation and our results for an unquenched N{sub f} = 2+1 calculation and compare it to previous studies. We highlight some complementary details for the quark and gluon propagator and discus the resulting phase diagram, which is in agreement with previous work. Results for an equivalent of the Columbia plot and the critical surface are discussed. A systematically improved truncation, where the charm quark as a dynamical quark flavour is added, will be presented in Ch. 4. An important aspect in this investigation is the proper adjustment of the scales. This is done by matching vacuum properties of the relevant pseudoscalar mesons separately for N{sub f} = 2+1 and N f = 2+1+1 via a solution of the Bethe-Salpeter equation. A comparison of the resulting N{sub f} = 2+1 and N{sub f} = 2+1+1 phase diagram indicates
Ferroelectric Phase Diagram of PVDF:PMMA
Li, Mengyuan; Stingelin, Natalie; Michels, Jasper J.; Spijkman, Mark-Jan; Asadi, Kamal; Feldman, Kirill; Blom, Paul W. M.; de Leeuw, Dago M.
2012-01-01
We have investigated the ferroelectric phase diagram of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA). The binary nonequilibrium temperature composition diagram was determined and melting of alpha- and beta-phase PVDF was identified. Ferroelectric beta-PVDF:PMMA blend films were made by melting, ice quenching, and subsequent annealing above the glass transition temperature of PMMA, close to the melting temperature of PVDF. Addition of PMMA suppresses the crystallizatio...
Enhancing the Diagramming Method in Informal Logic
Dale JACQUETTE
2011-01-01
The argument diagramming method developed by Monroe C. Beardsley in his (1950) book Practical Logic, which has since become the gold standard for diagramming arguments in informal logic, makes it possible to map the relation between premises and conclusions of a chain of reasoning in relatively complex ways. The method has since been adapted and developed in a number of directions by many contemporary informal logicians and argumentation theorists. It has proved useful in practical applicatio...
The application of diagrams in architectural design
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dulić Olivera
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Diagrams in architecture represent the visualization of the thinking process, or selective abstraction of concepts or ideas translated into the form of drawings. In addition, they provide insight into the way of thinking about and in architecture, thus creating a balance between the visual and the conceptual. The subject of research presented in this paper are diagrams as a specific kind of architectural representation, and possibilities and importance of their application in the design process. Diagrams are almost old as architecture itself, and they are an element of some of the most important studies of architecture during all periods of history - which results in a large number of different definitions of diagrams, but also very different conceptualizations of their features, functions and applications. The diagrams become part of contemporary architectural discourse during the eighties and nineties of the twentieth century, especially through the work of architects like Bernard Tschumi, Peter Eisenman, Rem Koolhaas, SANAA and others. The use of diagrams in the design process allows unification of some of the essential aspects of the profession: architectural representation and design process, as well as the question of the concept of architectural and urban design at a time of rapid changes at all levels of contemporary society. The aim of the research is the analysis of the diagram as a specific medium for processing large amounts of information that the architect should consider and incorporate into the architectural work. On that basis, it is assumed that an architectural diagram allows the creator the identification and analysis of specific elements or ideas of physical form, thereby constantly maintaining concept of the integrity of the architectural work.
Feynmann diagrams in a finite dimensional setting
Neiss, Daniel
2012-01-01
This article aims to explain and justify the use of Feynmann diagrams as a computational tool in physics. The integrals discussed may be seen as a toybox version of the real physical case. It starts out with the basic one-dimensional Gaussian integral and then proceeds with examples of multidimensional cases. Correlators and their solutions through generating functions and Wick's theorem are shown, as well as some examples of how to relate the computations to diagrams and the corresponding ru...
Atomic energy levels and Grotrian diagrams
Bashkin, Stanley
1975-01-01
Atomic Energy Levels and Grotrian Diagrams, Volume I: Hydrogen I - Phosphorus XV presents diagrams of various elements that show their energy level and electronic transitions. The book covers the first 15 elements according to their atomic number. The text will be of great use to researchers and practitioners of fields such as astrophysics that requires pictorial representation of the energy levels and electronic transitions of elements.
CERN. Geneva
2013-01-01
For decades the central theoretical tool for computing scattering amplitudes has been the Feynman diagram. However, Feynman diagrams are just too slow, even on fast computers, to be able to go beyond the leading order in QCD, for complicated events with many jets of hadrons in the final state. Such events are produced copiously at the LHC, and constitute formidable backgrounds to many searches for new physics. Over the past few years, alternative methods that go beyond ...
The amplituhedron from momentum twistor diagrams
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bai, Yuntao [Department of Physics, Princeton University,Princeton, NJ, 08544 (United States); He, Song [School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study,Princeton, NJ, 08540 (United States); Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics,Waterloo, ON, N2L 2Y5 (Canada)
2015-02-10
We propose a new diagrammatic formulation of the all-loop scattering amplitudes/Wilson loops in planar N=4 SYM, dubbed the “momentum-twistor diagrams”. These are on-shell-diagrams obtained by gluing trivalent black and white vertices in momentum twistor space, which, in the reduced diagram case, are known to be related to diagrams in the original twistor space. The new diagrams are manifestly Yangian invariant, and they naturally represent factorization and forward-limit contributions in the all-loop BCFW recursion relations in momentum twistor space, in a fashion that is completely different from those in momentum space. We show how to construct and evaluate momentum-twistor diagrams, and how to use them to obtain tree-level amplitudes and loop-level integrands; in particular the latter involve isolated bubble-structures for loop variables arising from forward limits, or the entangled removal of particles. From each diagram, the generalized “boundary measurement” directly gives the C, D matrices, thus a cell in the amplituhedron associated with the amplitude, and we expect that our diagrammatic representations of the amplitude provide triangulations of the amplituhedron. To demonstrate the computational power of the formalism, we give explicit results for general two-loop integrands, and the cells of the amplituhedron for two-loop MHV amplitudes.
Phase diagram of the ABC model with nonconserving processes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lederhendler, A; Cohen, O; Mukamel, D
2010-01-01
The three species ABC model of driven particles on a ring is generalized to include vacancies and particle-nonconserving processes. The model exhibits phase separation at high densities. For equal average densities of the three species, it is shown that although the dynamics is local, it obeys detailed balance with respect to a Hamiltonian with long-range interactions, yielding a nonadditive free energy. The phase diagrams of the conserving and nonconserving models, corresponding to the canonical and grand-canonical ensembles, respectively, are calculated in the thermodynamic limit. Both models exhibit a transition from a homogeneous to a phase-separated state, although the phase diagrams are shown to differ from each other. This conforms with the expected inequivalence of ensembles in equilibrium systems with long-range interactions. These results are based on a stability analysis of the homogeneous phase and exact solution of the continuum equations of the models. They are supported by Monte Carlo simulations. This study may serve as a useful starting point for analyzing the phase diagram for unequal densities, where detailed balance is not satisfied and thus a Hamiltonian cannot be defined
The phase diagram of KNO3-KClO3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhang Xuejun; Tian Jun; Xu Kangcheng; Gao Yici
2004-01-01
The binary phase diagram of KNO 3 -KClO 3 is studied by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and high-temperature X-ray diffraction. The limited solid solutions, K(NO 3 ) 1-x (ClO 3 ) x (0 3 ) 1-x (ClO 3 ) x (0.90 3 -based solid solutions and KClO 3 -based solid solutions phase, respectively. For KNO 3 -based solid solutions, KNO 3 ferroelectric phase can be stable from 423 to 223 K as a result of substituting of NO 3 by ClO 3 -radicals. The temperatures for solidus and liquidus have been determined based on limited solid solutions. Two models, Henrian solution and regular solution theory for KNO 3 -based (α) phase and KClO 3 -based (β) phase, respectively, are employed to reproduce solidus and liquidus of the phase diagram. The results are in good agreement with the DSC data. The thermodynamic properties for α and β solid solutions have been derived from an optimization procedure using the experimental data. The calculated phase diagram and optimized thermodynamic parameters are thermodynamically self-consistent
Electrodynamic metaphors: communicating particle physics with Feynman diagrams
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pietroni Massimo
2002-03-01
Full Text Available The aim of this project is to communicate the basic laws of particle physics with Feynman diagrams - visual tools which represent elementary particle processes. They were originally developed as a code to be used by physicists and are still used today for calculations and elaborations of theoretical nature. The technical and mathematical rules of Feynman diagrams are obviously the exclusive concern of physicists, but on a pictorial level they can help to popularize many concepts, ranging from matter and the antimatter; the creation, destruction and transformation of particles; the role of ‘virtual’ particles in interactions; the conservation laws, symmetries, etc. Unlike the metaphors often used to describe the microcosm, these graphic representations provide an unequivocal translation of the physical content of the underlying quantum theory. As such they are perfect metaphors, not misleading constructions. A brief introduction on Feynman diagrams will be followed by the practical realization of this project, which will be carried out with the help of an experiment based on three-dimensional manipulable objects. The Feynman rules are expressed in terms of mechanical constraints on the possible conjuctions among the various elements of the experiment. The final part of the project will present the results of this experiment, which has been conducted among high-school students.
Exact ground-state phase diagrams for the spin-3/2 Blume-Emery-Griffiths model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Canko, Osman; Keskin, Mustafa [Department of Physics, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey); Deviren, Bayram [Institute of Science, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey)], E-mail: keskin@erciyes.edu.tr
2008-05-15
We have calculated the exact ground-state phase diagrams of the spin-3/2 Ising model using the method that was proposed and applied to the spin-1 Ising model by Dublenych (2005 Phys. Rev. B 71 012411). The calculated, exact ground-state phase diagrams on the diatomic and triangular lattices with the nearest-neighbor (NN) interaction have been presented in this paper. We have obtained seven and 15 topologically different ground-state phase diagrams for J>0 and J<0, respectively, on the diatomic lattice and have found the conditions for the existence of uniform and intermediate or non-uniform phases. We have also constructed the exact ground-state phase diagrams of the model on the triangular lattice and found 20 and 59 fundamental phase diagrams for J>0 and J<0, respectively, the conditions for the existence of uniform and intermediate phases have also been found.
Virial expansion with Feynman diagrams
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Leyronas, X. [Laboratoire de Physique Statistique, Ecole Normale Superieure, UPMC Universite Paris 06, Universite Paris Diderot, CNRS, 24 rue Lhomond, FR-75005 Paris (France)
2011-11-15
We present a field theoretic method for the calculation of the second and third virial coefficients b{sub 2} and b{sub 3} of two-species fermions interacting via a contact interaction. The method is mostly analytic. We find a closed expression for b{sub 3} in terms of the two- and three-body T matrices. We recover numerically, at unitarity, and also in the whole Bose-Einstein-condensate-BCS crossover, previous numerical results for the third virial coefficient b{sub 3}.
Multiple representations and free-body diagrams: Do students benefit from using them?
Rosengrant, David R.
2007-12-01
Introductory physics students have difficulties understanding concepts and solving problems. When they solve problems, they use surface features of the problems to find an equation to calculate a numerical answer often not understanding the physics in the problem. How do we help students approach problem solving in an expert manner? A possible answer is to help them learn to represent knowledge in multiple ways and then use these different representations for conceptual understanding and problem solving. This solution follows from research in cognitive science and in physics education. However, there are no studies in physics that investigate whether students who learn to use multiple representations are in fact better problem solvers. This study focuses on one specific representation used in physics--a free body diagram. A free-body diagram is a graphical representation of forces exerted on an object of interest by other objects. I used the free-body diagram to investigate five main questions: (1) If students are in a course where they consistently use free body diagrams to construct and test concepts in mechanics, electricity and magnetism and to solve problems in class and in homework, will they draw free-body diagrams on their own when solving exam problems? (2) Are students who use free-body diagrams to solve problems more successful then those who do not? (3) Why do students draw free-body diagrams when solving problems? (4) Are students consistent in constructing diagrams for different concepts in physics and are they consistent in the quality of their diagrams? (5) What are possible relationships between features of a problem and how likely a student will draw a free body diagram to help them solve the problem? I utilized a mixed-methods approach to answer these questions. Questions 1, 2, 4 and 5 required a quantitative approach while question 3 required a qualitative approach, a case study. When I completed my study, I found that if students are in an
A diagram for defined flat plate solar collector area for solar floor heating
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Altuntop, N.; Tekin, Y. [Erciyes University, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering (Turkey); Cengel, Y.A. [Nevada Reno University, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, NV (United States)
2000-07-01
In winters, one of the best ways to heat living areas by using the low- temperature - water obtained from flat-plate solar collectors is the floor heating. In floor heating, low temperature-water (30 + 60 deg C) can be used and heat can be stored in water when solar radiation is not possible. In this study, it is aimed to define collector surface needed to supply heat for floor heating. It is also aimed to define and explain the diagram developed for every heating months. The calculations about the sun geometry are used to define the amount of radiation coming in to the collectors. Formulations are made about the definition of solar radiation absorbed by the collectors, the total heat loss coefficient, and the collector plate surface temperature. These formulations are transformed in to the diagram. In addition, the studies, heat transfer calculations and design parameters about the floor of the heating areas are used. A combined collector floor heating diagram is obtained. This diagram is used to define collector surface area necessary to supply heat for floor heated places. In this diagram, the collector surface area is obtained by giving the heat capacity of the place area, floor surface temperature, approximate modulation distance of the floor, the elevation of city, collector slope angle, wind speed, sun shine lime and the amount of the solar radiation obtained from the solar radiation diagram. (authors)
The diamond rule for multi-loop Feynman diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ruijl, B.; Ueda, T.; Vermaseren, J.A.M.
2015-01-01
An important aspect of improving perturbative predictions in high energy physics is efficiently reducing dimensionally regularised Feynman integrals through integration by parts (IBP) relations. The well-known triangle rule has been used to achieve simple reduction schemes. In this work we introduce an extensible, multi-loop version of the triangle rule, which we refer to as the diamond rule. Such a structure appears frequently in higher-loop calculations. We derive an explicit solution for the recursion, which prevents spurious poles in intermediate steps of the computations. Applications for massless propagator type diagrams at three, four, and five loops are discussed
Multiloop Functional Renormalization Group That Sums Up All Parquet Diagrams
Kugler, Fabian B.; von Delft, Jan
2018-02-01
We present a multiloop flow equation for the four-point vertex in the functional renormalization group (FRG) framework. The multiloop flow consists of successive one-loop calculations and sums up all parquet diagrams to arbitrary order. This provides substantial improvement of FRG computations for the four-point vertex and, consequently, the self-energy. Using the x-ray-edge singularity as an example, we show that solving the multiloop FRG flow is equivalent to solving the (first-order) parquet equations and illustrate this with numerical results.
Exact ground-state phase diagrams for the spin-3/2 Blume-Emery-Griffiths model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Canko, Osman; Keskin, Mustafa; Deviren, Bayram
2008-01-01
We have calculated the exact ground-state phase diagrams of the spin-3/2 Ising model using the method that was proposed and applied to the spin-1 Ising model by Dublenych (2005 Phys. Rev. B 71 012411). The calculated, exact ground-state phase diagrams on the diatomic and triangular lattices with the nearest-neighbor (NN) interaction have been presented in this paper. We have obtained seven and 15 topologically different ground-state phase diagrams for J>0 and J 0 and J<0, respectively, the conditions for the existence of uniform and intermediate phases have also been found
The Semiotic Structure of Geometry Diagrams: How Textbook Diagrams Convey Meaning
Dimmel, Justin K.; Herbst, Patricio G.
2015-01-01
Geometry diagrams use the visual features of specific drawn objects to convey meaning about generic mathematical entities. We examine the semiotic structure of these visual features in two parts. One, we conduct a semiotic inquiry to conceptualize geometry diagrams as mathematical texts that comprise choices from different semiotic systems. Two,…
Fishbone Diagrams: Organize Reading Content with a "Bare Bones" Strategy
Clary, Renee; Wandersee, James
2010-01-01
Fishbone diagrams, also known as Ishikawa diagrams or cause-and-effect diagrams, are one of the many problem-solving tools created by Dr. Kaoru Ishikawa, a University of Tokyo professor. Part of the brilliance of Ishikawa's idea resides in the simplicity and practicality of the diagram's basic model--a fish's skeleton. This article describes how…
Tadpole diagrams in constant electromagnetic fields
Karbstein, Felix
2017-10-01
We show how all possible one-particle reducible tadpole diagrams in constant electromagnetic fields can be constructed from one-particle irreducible constant-field diagrams. The construction procedure is essentially algebraic and involves differentiations of the latter class of diagrams with respect to the field strength tensor and contractions with derivatives of the one-particle irreducible part of the Heisenberg-Euler effective Lagrangian in constant fields. Specific examples include the two-loop addendum to the Heisenberg-Euler effective action as well as a novel one-loop correction to the charged particle propagator in constant electromagnetic fields discovered recently. As an additional example, the approach devised in the present article is adopted to derive the tadpole contribution to the two-loop photon polarization tensor in constant fields for the first time.
A Logarithmic-Amplitude Polar Diagram
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Trond Andresen
2001-04-01
Full Text Available A polar diagram where the amplitude of the transfer function is on a logarithmic scale, is presented. This gives a one-size-fits-all diagram with no need for zooming in and out, and no need for additional reasoning about infinite-radius encirclements when there are poles on the imaginary axis - as opposed to what is usually neccessary with the standard polar (Nyquist- diagram. All properties needed for stability considerations are upheld, such as encirclements, gain and phase margins. The path for s in the loop transfer function is carefully chosen with regard to possible poles on the imaginary axis. Small excursions into the right half plane in the form of arcs of different-sized logarithmic spirals result in corresponding large but finite arcs that do not overlap in the logarithmic polar plots.
Repair of Partly Misspecified Causal Diagrams.
Oates, Chris J; Kasza, Jessica; Simpson, Julie A; Forbes, Andrew B
2017-07-01
Errors in causal diagrams elicited from experts can lead to the omission of important confounding variables from adjustment sets and render causal inferences invalid. In this report, a novel method is presented that repairs a misspecified causal diagram through the addition of edges. These edges are determined using a data-driven approach designed to provide improved statistical efficiency relative to de novo structure learning methods. Our main assumption is that the expert is "directionally informed," meaning that "false" edges provided by the expert would not create cycles if added to the "true" causal diagram. The overall procedure is cast as a preprocessing technique that is agnostic to subsequent causal inferences. Results based on simulated data and data derived from an observational cohort illustrate the potential for data-assisted elicitation in epidemiologic applications. See video abstract at, http://links.lww.com/EDE/B208.
MDM: A Mode Diagram Modeling Framework
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Wang, Zheng; Pu, Geguang; Li, Jianwen
2012-01-01
systems are widely used in the above-mentioned safety-critical embedded domains, there is lack of domain-specific formal modelling languages for such systems in the relevant industry. To address this problem, we propose a formal visual modeling framework called mode diagram as a concise and precise way...... to specify and analyze such systems. To capture the temporal properties of periodic control systems, we provide, along with mode diagram, a property specification language based on interval logic for the description of concrete temporal requirements the engineers are concerned with. The statistical model...... checking technique can then be used to verify the mode diagram models against desired properties. To demonstrate the viability of our approach, we have applied our modelling framework to some real life case studies from industry and helped detect two design defects for some spacecraft control systems....
Operations space diagram for ECRH and ECCD
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bindslev, H.
2004-01-01
, the parameter range in which it is possible to achieve a given task (e.g. O-mode current drive for stabilizing a neoclassical tearing mode) appears as a region. With also the Greenwald density limit shown, this diagram condenses the information on operational possibilities, facilitating the overview required...... at the design phase. At the operations phase it may also prove useful in setting up experimental scenarios by showing operational possibilities, avoiding the need for survey type ray-tracing at the initial planning stages. The diagram may also serve the purpose of communicating operational possibilities to non...
Computer generated timing diagrams to supplement simulation
Booth, A W
1981-01-01
The ISPS computer description language has been used in a simulation study to specify the components of a high speed data acquisition system and its protocols. A facility has been developed for automatically generating timing diagrams from the specification of the data acquisition system written in the ISPS description language. Diagrams can be generated for both normal and abnormal working modes of the system. They are particularly useful for design and debugging in the prototyping stage of a project and can be later used for reference by maintenance engineers. (11 refs).
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abulkhaev, V.L.; Ganiev, I.N.
1994-01-01
By means of thermal differential analysis, X-ray and microstructural analysis the state diagram of Pr-Bi system was studied. Following intermetallic compounds were defined in the system: Pr 2 Bi, Pr 5 Bi 3 , Pr 4 Bi 3 , Pr Bi, PrBi 2 , Pr 2 Bi, Pr 5 Bi 3 , Pr 4 Bi 3 and PrBi 2 . The data analysis on Ln-Bi diagram allowed to determine the regularity of change of properties of intermetallic compounds in the line of rare earth elements of cerium subgroup.
Essential Magnesium Alloys Binary Phase Diagrams and Their Thermochemical Data
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohammad Mezbahul-Islam
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Magnesium-based alloys are becoming a major industrial material for structural applications because of their potential weight saving characteristics. All the commercial Mg alloys like AZ, AM, AE, EZ, ZK, and so forth series are multicomponent and hence it is important to understand the phase relations of the alloying elements with Mg. In this work, eleven essential Mg-based binary systems including Mg-Al/Zn/Mn/Ca/Sr/Y/Ni/Ce/Nd/Cu/Sn have been reviewed. Each of these systems has been discussed critically on the aspects of phase diagram and thermodynamic properties. All the available experimental data has been summarized and critically assessed to provide detailed understanding of the systems. The phase diagrams are calculated based on the most up-to-date optimized parameters. The thermodynamic model parameters for all the systems except Mg-Nd have been summarized in tables. The crystallographic information of the intermetallic compounds of different binary systems is provided. Also, the heat of formation of the intermetallic compounds obtained from experimental, first principle calculations and CALPHAD optimizations are provided. In addition, reoptimization of the Mg-Y system has been done in this work since new experimental data showed wider solubility of the intermetallic compounds.
Phase diagrams of disordered 3D topological insulators and superconductors
Ohtsuki, Tomi; Kobayashi, Koji; Imura, Ken-Ichiro; Nomura, Ken
2015-03-01
A global phase diagram of disordered weak and strong topological insulators belonging to the class AII is obtained by numerically calculating the conductance, the Lyapunov exponents and the density of states. The location of the phase boundaries, i.e., the mass parameter, is renormalized by disorder, a feature recognized in the study of topological Anderson insulator. We report quantized conductance on the phase boundaries between topologically distinct phases, which is interpreted as the robustness of conductance against disorder. This robustness is also confirmed by the large-scale numerical calculation of the density of states, which remains parabolic up to certain strength of disorder with renormalized Dirac electron velocity. From the size dependence of the conductance, we also point out that the surface states of weak topological insulator are either robust or ''defeated''. The nature of the two distinct types of behavior is further revealed by studying the Lyapunov exponents. (K. Kobayashi et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. vol. 110, 236803 (2013)). We also obtain the phase diagram of disordered topological superconductors belonging to the class DIII. Similar renormalization of mass and velocity due to disorder is found. Grants-in-Aid No. 23540376, Grants-in-Aid No. 24000013.
Conde, M M; Gonzalez, M A; Abascal, J L F; Vega, C
2013-10-21
Direct coexistence simulations between the fluid and solid phases are performed for several ices. For ices Ih and VII it has already been shown that the methodology is successful and the melting point is in agreement with that obtained from free energy calculations. In this work the methodology is applied to ices II, III, V, and VI. The lengths of the direct coexistence runs for the high pressure polymorphs are not too long and last less than 20 ns for all ices except for ice II where longer runs (of about 150 ns) are needed. For ices II, V, and VI the results obtained are completely consistent with those obtained from free energy calculations. However, for ice III it is found that the melting point from direct coexistence simulations is higher than that obtained from free energy calculations, the difference being greater than the statistical error. Since ice III presents partial proton orientational disorder, the departure is attributed to differences in the partial proton order in the water model with respect to that found in the experiment. The phase diagram of the TIP4P/2005 model is recalculated using the melting points obtained from direct coexistence simulations. The new phase diagram is similar to the previous one except for the coexistence lines where ice III is involved. The range of stability of ice III on the p-T plot of the phase diagram increases significantly. It is seen that the model qualitatively describes the phase diagram of water. In this work it is shown that the complete phase diagram of water including ices Ih, II, III, V, VI, VII, and the fluid phase can be obtained from direct coexistence simulations without the need of free energy calculations.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schwartzman, A.
1988-12-31
This paper considers the application of quaternary phase diagrams to understanding and predicting the behavior of II-VI thin film interfaces in photovoltaic devices under annealing conditions. Examples, listed in a table, include semiconductor/insulator/semiconductor (SIS) layered structures, II-VI/II-VI and III-V/II-VI epitaxial heterojunctions and oxidation of ternary compounds. Solid solubility is taken into account for quaternary phase diagrams of semiconductor systems. Using free energies of formation, a method to calculate the quaternary phase diagrams was developed. The Ga-As-II-VI and Cd-Te-Zn-O phase diagrams are reviewed as examples of quaternary phase diagrams without and with solid solubility.
Mixed wasted integrated program: Logic diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mayberry, J.; Stelle, S.; O'Brien, M.; Rudin, M.; Ferguson, J.; McFee, J.
1994-01-01
The Mixed Waste Integrated Program Logic Diagram was developed to provide technical alternative for mixed wastes projects for the Office of Technology Development's Mixed Waste Integrated Program (MWIP). Technical solutions in the areas of characterization, treatment, and disposal were matched to a select number of US Department of Energy (DOE) treatability groups represented by waste streams found in the Mixed Waste Inventory Report (MWIR)
Extended sequence diagram for human system interaction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hwang, Jong Rok; Choi, Sun Woo; Ko, Hee Ran; Kim, Jong Hyun
2012-01-01
Unified Modeling Language (UML) is a modeling language in the field of object oriented software engineering. The sequence diagram is a kind of interaction diagram that shows how processes operate with one another and in what order. It is a construct of a message sequence chart. It depicts the objects and classes involved in the scenario and the sequence of messages exchanged between the objects needed to carry out the functionality of the scenario. This paper proposes the Extended Sequence Diagram (ESD), which is capable of depicting human system interaction for nuclear power plants, as well as cognitive process of operators analysis. In the conventional sequence diagram, there is a limit to only identify the activities of human and systems interactions. The ESD is extended to describe operators' cognitive process in more detail. The ESD is expected to be used as a task analysis method for describing human system interaction. The ESD can also present key steps causing abnormal operations or failures and diverse human errors based on cognitive condition
Weight diagram construction of Lax operators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Carbon, S.L.; Piard, E.J.
1991-10-01
We review and expand methods introduced in our previous paper. It is proved that cyclic weight diagrams corresponding to representations of affine Lie algebras allow one to construct the associated Lax operator. The resultant Lax operator is in the Miura-like form and generates the modified KdV equations. The algorithm is extended to the super-symmetric case
Planar quark diagrams and binary spin processes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Grigoryan, A.A.; Ivanov, N.Ya.
1986-01-01
Contributions of planar diagrams to the binary scattering processes are analyzed. The analysis is based on the predictions of quark-gluon picture of strong interactions for the coupling of reggeons with quarks as well as on the SU(6)-classification of hadrons. The dependence of contributions of nonplanar corrections on spins and quark composition of interacting particles is discussed
Diagram of a LEP superconducting cavity
1991-01-01
This diagram gives a schematic representation of the superconducting radio-frequency cavities at LEP. Liquid helium is used to cool the cavity to 4.5 degrees above absolute zero so that very high electric fields can be produced, increasing the operating energy of the accelerator. Superconducting cavities were used only in the LEP-2 phase of the accelerator, from 1996 to 2000.
Muonium and the Breit-Rabi diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cox, S.F.J.
1984-01-01
This chapter introduces the study of muonium, as opposed to that of unbound muons. The properties and behaviour of muonium are compared and contrasted with those of hydrogen and of positronium. The special significance of muonium in atomic and molecular physics is explained, and its utility as a lightweight or radioactive isotope of hydrogen in solid state physics and chemistry illustrated. The identification of atomic muonium by means of its ground state magnetic properties is described with reference to the Breit-Rabi diagram. This diagram is invaluable for interpreting or predicting MuSR observations, both in transverse and longitudinal magnetic fields, so its construction and properties are explained in some detail. The precession signals observed in transverse-field MuSR correspond to transitions allowed between the energy levels in this diagram; particular attention is paid to the spectra characteristic of the high and low field regimes. The different states of muonium observed in dielectric, semiconducting and metallic materials are introduced. The influence of the host medium on the spectral parameters, hyperfine interaction and linewidth, is considered both for atomic muonium and for muonium which is chemically bound in paramagnetic molecules, for which the Breit-Rabi diagram also applies. (orig.)
Diagrams in Second or Foreign Language Learning??!
Bosveld-de Smet, Leonie; Barker-Plummer, D.; Cox, R.; Swoboda, N.
2006-01-01
Existing diagrams for tense use as presented in grammar surveys for foreign learners have been analyzed from a semantic theoretic point of view. The analysis reveals that the notational systems used in the diagrammatic representations of the tense rules dealt with are defective in that they can give
Phase diagram distortion from traffic parameter averaging.
Stipdonk, H. Toorenburg, J. van & Postema, M.
2010-01-01
Motorway traffic congestion is a major bottleneck for economic growth. Therefore, research of traffic behaviour is carried out in many countries. Although well describing the undersaturated free flow phase as an almost straight line in a (k,q)-phase diagram, congested traffic observations and
Modern summation methods and the computation of 2- and 3-loop Feynman diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ablinger, Jakob; Schneider, Carsten; Bluemlein, Johannes; Klein, Sebastian
2010-06-01
By symbolic summation methods based on difference fields we present a general strategy that transforms definite multi-sums, e.g., in terms of hypergeometric terms and harmonic sums, to indefinite nested sums and products. We succeeded in this task with all our concrete calculations of 2-loop and 3-loop massive single scale Feynman diagrams with local operator insertion. (orig.)
Diagrams of the variations in the free energy of formation of metallic compounds (1960)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Darras, R.; Loriers, H.
1960-01-01
The variations in the standard free energy ΔG produced during the formation of the principal simple metallic compounds have been calculated as a function of the temperature from recently published data, and are presented in convenient diagram form. Their usefulness in metallurgy is illustrated by some possible applications. (author) [fr
Assessment of the thermodynamic properties and phase diagram of the Bi-Pd system
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Vřešťál, Jan; Pinkas, J.; Watson, A.; Scott, A.; Houserová, Jana; Kroupa, Aleš
2006-01-01
Roč. 30, č. 1 (2006), s. 14-17 ISSN 0364-5916 R&D Projects: GA MŠk OC 531.001; GA MŠk OC 531.002 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20410507 Keywords : phase diagram * ab initio calculations * calorimetry Subject RIV: BJ - Thermodynamics Impact factor: 1.432, year: 2006
Mean-field phase diagrams of AT2X2 compounds
Plumer, M. L.
1994-11-01
Magnetic-field-temperature phase diagrams of the axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model are calculated within the framework of a Landau-type expansion of the free energy derived from molecular field theory. Good qualitative agreement is found with recently reported results on body-centered-tetragonal UPd2Si2. This work is expected to also be relevant for related compounds.
A Simple Approach for Boundary Improvement of Euler Diagrams.
Simonetto, Paolo; Archambault, Daniel; Scheidegger, Carlos
2016-01-01
General methods for drawing Euler diagrams tend to generate irregular polygons. Yet, empirical evidence indicates that smoother contours make these diagrams easier to read. In this paper, we present a simple method to smooth the boundaries of any Euler diagram drawing. When refining the diagram, the method must ensure that set elements remain inside their appropriate boundaries and that no region is removed or created in the diagram. Our approach uses a force system that improves the diagram while at the same time ensuring its topological structure does not change. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach through case studies and quantitative evaluations.
A Legal Negotiatiton Support System Based on A Diagram
Nitta, Katsumi; Shibasaki, Masato; Yasumura, Yoshiaki; Hasegawa, Ryuzo; Fujita, Hiroshi; Koshimura, Miyuki; Inoue, Katsumi; Shirai, Yasuyuki; Komatsu, Hiroshi
We present an overview of a legal negotiation support system, ANS (Argumentation based Negotiation support System). ANS consists of a user interface, three inference engines, a database of old cases, and two decision support modules. The ANS users negotiates or disputes with others via a computer network. The negotiation status is managed in the form of the negotiation diagram. The negotiation diagram is an extension of Toulmin’s argument diagram, and it contains all arguments insisted by participants. The negotiation protocols are defined as operations to the negotiation diagram. By exchanging counter arguments each other, the negotiation diagram grows up. Nonmonotonic reasoning using rule priorities are applied to the negotiation diagram.
Diagram, a Learning Environment for Initiation to Object-Oriented Modeling with UML Class Diagrams
Py, Dominique; Auxepaules, Ludovic; Alonso, Mathilde
2013-01-01
International audience; Learning environments for object-oriented modelling in UML which offer a rich interaction usually impose, in return, strong restrictions on the range of exercises they can address. We propose to overcome this limit by including a diagnostic module that compares the student diagram with a reference diagram. This approach enables to combine the advantages of an open environment (in which the teacher can add new exercises without constraints on the vocabulary or the size ...
A Critical Appraisal of the `Day' Diagram
Roberts, A. P.; Tauxe, L.; Heslop, D.
2017-12-01
The `Day' diagram [Day et al., 1977; doi:10.1016/0031-9201(77)90108-X] is used widely to infer the mean domain state of magnetic mineral assemblages. The Day plot coordinates are the ratios of the saturation remanent magnetization to saturation magnetization (Mrs/Ms) and the coercivity of remanence to coercivity (Bcr/Bc), as determined from a major hysteresis loop and a backfield demagnetization curve. Based on theoretical and empirical arguments, Day plots are typically demarcated into stable single domain (SD), `pseudosingle domain' (`PSD'), and multidomain (MD) zones. It is a simple task to determine Mrs/Ms and Bcr/Bc for a sample and to assign a mean domain state based on the boundaries defined by Day et al. [1977]. Many other parameters contribute to variability in a Day diagram, including surface oxidation, mineral stoichiometry, stress state, magnetostatic interactions, and mixtures of magnetic particles with different sizes and shapes. Bulk magnetic measurements usually lack detailed independent evidence to constrain each free parameter, which makes the Day diagram fundamentally ambiguous. This raises questions about its usefulness for diagnosing magnetic particle size variations. The Day diagram is also used to make inferences about binary mixing of magnetic particles, where, for example, mixtures of SD and MD particles give rise to a bulk `PSD' response even though the concentration of `PSD' grains could be zero. In our assessment of thousands of hysteresis measurements of geological samples, binary mixing occurs in a tiny number of cases. Ternary, quaternary, and higher order mixing are usually observed. Also, uniaxial SD and MD end-members are nearly always inappropriate for considering mixing because uniaxial SD particles are virtually non-existent in igneous rocks. Thus, use of mixing lines in Day diagrams routinely provides unsatisfactory representations of particle size variations. We critically appraise the Day diagram and argue that its many
Pseudo-ternary phase diagram in the Na2O-Na2O2-NaOH system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Saito, Jun-ichi; Tendo, Masayuki; Aoto, Kazumi
1997-10-01
Generally, the phase diagrams are always used to understand the present state of compounds at certain temperature. In order to understand the corrosion behavior of structural material for FBR by main sodium compounds (Na 2 O, Na 2 O 2 and NaOH), it is very important to comprehend the phase diagrams of their compounds. However, only Na 2 O-NaOH pseudo-binary phase diagram had been investigated previously in this system. There is no study of other pseudo-binary or ternary phase diagrams in the Na 2 O-Na 2 O 2 -NaOH system. In this study, in order to clarify the present states of their compounds at certain temperatures, the pseudo-binary and ternary phase diagrams in the Na 2 O-Na 2 O 2 -NaOH system were prepared. A series of thermal analyses with binary and ternary component system has been carried out using the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The liquidus temperature and ternary eutectic temperatures were confirmed by these measurements. The beneficial indications for constructing phase diagrams were obtained from these experiments. On the basis of these results, the interaction parameters between compounds which were utilized for the Thermo-Calc calculation were optimized. Thermo-Calc is one of thermodynamic calculation software. Consequently the accurate pseudo-binary and ternary phase diagrams were indicated using the optimized parameters. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dobrzanski, L.A.; Trzaska, J.
2004-01-01
The paper presents possibility of employment of the original supercooled austenite transformation anisothermic diagrams forecasting method for analysis of the chemical composition effect on the CCT diagrams shape. The developed model makes it possible to substitute computer simulation for the costly and time consuming experiments. The information derived from calculations make it possible to plot diagrams illustrating the effects of the particular elements or pairs of elements, as well as cooling rate and/or austenitizing temperature, on any temperature or time describing transformations in steel during its continuous cooling. Evaluation is also possible of the effect of the aforementioned factors on hardness and fractions of the particular structural constituents. (author)
Pourbaix Diagrams for Copper in 5 m Chloride Solution
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Beverskog, Bjoern; Pettersson, Sven-Olof
2002-12-01
Pourbaix diagrams for the copper in 5 molal chlorine at 5-100 deg C have been calculated. Predominance diagrams for dissolved copper containing species have also been calculated. Two different total concentrations of dissolved copper, 10 -4 and 10 -6 molal, have been used in the calculations. ChIoride is the predominating chlorine species in aqueous solutions. Therefore Pourbaix diagrams for chlorine can be used to discuss the effect of chloride solutions on the corrosion behavior of a metal. Presence of chloride increases the corrosion regions of copper at the expense of the immunity and passivity regions in the Pourbaix diagrams. Copper corrodes in 5 molal chloride by formation Of CuCl 3 2- in acid and alkaline solutions. At higher potentials in acid solutions CuCl 3 2- is oxidized to CuCl 2 (aq), which at increasing potentials can form CuCI + , Cu 2+ or CuClO 3 + . Copper passivates by formation of Cu 2 O(cr), CuO(cr), or CUO 2 3 Cu(OH) 2 (s). Cu 2 O(cr) does not form at [Cu(aq)] tot = 10 -6 molal in 5 m C1-, which results in a corrosion area between the immunity and passivity areas. Copper at the anticipated repository potentials and pH corrodes at 100 deg C at [Cu(aq)] tot = 10 -4 molal and at 80-100 deg C at [Cu(aq)] tot = 10 -6 molal. Copper at the anticipated repository potentials and pH can corrode at 80 deg C at [Cu(aq)] tot = 10 -4 molal and at 50 deg C at [Cu(aq)] tot = 10 -6 molal. The bentonite clay and copper canisters in the deep repository can be considered as a 'closed' system from macroscopic point of view. The clay barrier limits both inward diffusion of oxygen and aggressive anions as well as outward diffusion of corrosion products from the canisters. Both diffusion phenomena will drive the corrosion potential into the immunity area of the Pourbaix diagram for copper. The corrosion will thereby stop by an automatic mechanism. However, this is only valid if no macro cracks occur in the clay. The auto-stop is valid for the initial, main and
Pourbaix Diagrams for Copper in 5 m Chloride Solution
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Beverskog, Bjoern [OECD Halden Reactor Project (Norway); Pettersson, Sven-Olof [ChemIT, Nykoeping (Sweden)
2002-12-01
Pourbaix diagrams for the copper in 5 molal chlorine at 5-100 deg C have been calculated. Predominance diagrams for dissolved copper containing species have also been calculated. Two different total concentrations of dissolved copper, 10{sup -4} and 10{sup -6} molal, have been used in the calculations. ChIoride is the predominating chlorine species in aqueous solutions. Therefore Pourbaix diagrams for chlorine can be used to discuss the effect of chloride solutions on the corrosion behavior of a metal. Presence of chloride increases the corrosion regions of copper at the expense of the immunity and passivity regions in the Pourbaix diagrams. Copper corrodes in 5 molal chloride by formation Of CuCl{sub 3}{sup 2-} in acid and alkaline solutions. At higher potentials in acid solutions CuCl{sub 3}{sup 2-} is oxidized to CuCl{sub 2}(aq), which at increasing potentials can form CuCI{sup +}, Cu{sup 2+} or CuClO{sub 3}{sup +}. Copper passivates by formation of Cu{sub 2}O(cr), CuO(cr), or CUO{sub 2} 3 Cu(OH){sub 2}(s). Cu{sub 2}O(cr) does not form at [Cu(aq)]{sub tot} = 10{sup -6} molal in 5 m C1-, which results in a corrosion area between the immunity and passivity areas. Copper at the anticipated repository potentials and pH corrodes at 100 deg C at [Cu(aq)]{sub tot} = 10{sup -4} molal and at 80-100 deg C at [Cu(aq)]{sub tot} = 10{sup -6} molal. Copper at the anticipated repository potentials and pH can corrode at 80 deg C at [Cu(aq)]{sub tot} = 10{sup -4} molal and at 50 deg C at [Cu(aq)]{sub tot} = 10{sup -6} molal. The bentonite clay and copper canisters in the deep repository can be considered as a 'closed' system from macroscopic point of view. The clay barrier limits both inward diffusion of oxygen and aggressive anions as well as outward diffusion of corrosion products from the canisters. Both diffusion phenomena will drive the corrosion potential into the immunity area of the Pourbaix diagram for copper. The corrosion will thereby stop by an automatic
Confinement in Polyakov gauge and the QCD phase diagram
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Marhauser, Marc Florian
2009-10-14
We investigate Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) in the framework of the functional renormalisation group (fRG). Thereby describing the phase transition from the phase with confined quarks into the quark-gluon-plasma phase. We focus on a physical gauge in which the mechanism driving the phase transition is discernible. We find results compatible with lattice QCD data, as well as with functional methods applied in different gauges. The phase transition is of the expected order and we computed critical exponents. Extensions of the model are discussed. When investigating the QCD phase diagram, we compute the effects of dynamical quarks at finite density on the running of the gauge coupling. Additionally, we calculate how these affect the deconfinement phase transition, also, dynamical quarks allow for the inclusion of a finite chemical potential. Concluding the investigation of the phase diagram, we establish a relation between confinement and chiral symmetry breaking, which is tied to the dynamical generation of hadron masses. In the investigations, we often encounter scale dependent fields. We investigate a footing on which these can be dealt with in a uniform way. (orig.)
Design of a wavelength frame multiplication system using acceptance diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nekrassov, D.; Zendler, C.; Lieutenant, K.
2013-01-01
The concept of Wavelength Frame Multiplication (WFM) was developed to extend the usable wavelength range on long pulse neutron sources for instruments using pulse shaping choppers. For some instruments, it is combined with a pulse shaping double chopper, which defines a constant wavelength resolution, and a set of frame overlap choppers that prevent spurious neutrons from reaching the detector thus avoiding systematic errors in the calculation of wavelength from time of flight. Due to its complexity, the design of such a system is challenging and there are several criteria that need to be accounted for. In this work, the design of the WFM chopper system for a potential future liquids reflectometer at the European Spallation Source (ESS) is presented, which makes use of acceptance diagrams. They prove to be a powerful tool for understanding the work principle of the system and recognizing potential problems. The authors assume that the presented study can be useful for design or upgrade of further instruments, in particular the ones planned for the ESS. -- Highlights: • Design of a wavelength frame multiplication system for a long pulse source beamline. • First application of the acceptance diagrams method to WFM systems. • Confirmation of analytical considerations by neutronic MC simulations. • Implications of this work for instrument design at the European Spallation Source
Voluble: a space-time diagram of the solar system
Aguilera, Julieta C.; SubbaRao, Mark U.
2008-02-01
Voluble is a dynamic space-time diagram of the solar system. Voluble is designed to help users understand the relationship between space and time in the motion of the planets around the sun. Voluble is set in virtual reality to relate these movements to our experience of immediate space. Beyond just the visual, understanding dynamic systems is naturally associated to the articulation of our bodies as we perform a number of complex calculations, albeit unconsciously, to deal with simple tasks. Such capabilities encompass spatial perception and memory. Voluble investigates the balance between the visually abstract and the spatially figurative in immersive development to help illuminate phenomena that are beyond the reach of human scale and time. While most diagrams, even computer-based interactive ones, are flat, three-dimensional real-time virtual reality representations are closer to our experience of space. The representation can be seen as if it was "really there," engaging a larger number of cues pertaining to our everyday spatial experience.
New web-based applications for mechanistic case diagramming
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fred R. Dee
2014-07-01
Full Text Available The goal of mechanistic case diagraming (MCD is to provide students with more in-depth understanding of cause and effect relationships and basic mechanistic pathways in medicine. This will enable them to better explain how observed clinical findings develop from preceding pathogenic and pathophysiological events. The pedagogic function of MCD is in relating risk factors, disease entities and morphology, signs and symptoms, and test and procedure findings in a specific case scenario with etiologic pathogenic and pathophysiological sequences within a flow diagram. In this paper, we describe the addition of automation and predetermined lists to further develop the original concept of MCD as described by Engelberg in 1992 and Guerrero in 2001. We demonstrate that with these modifications, MCD is effective and efficient in small group case-based teaching for second-year medical students (ratings of ~3.4 on a 4.0 scale. There was also a significant correlation with other measures of competency, with a ‘true’ score correlation of 0.54. A traditional calculation of reliability showed promising results (α =0.47 within a low stakes, ungraded environment. Further, we have demonstrated MCD's potential for use in independent learning and TBL. Future studies are needed to evaluate MCD's potential for use in medium stakes assessment or self-paced independent learning and assessment. MCD may be especially relevant in returning students to the application of basic medical science mechanisms in the clinical years.
Temperature-field phase diagram of extreme magnetoresistance.
Fallah Tafti, Fazel; Gibson, Quinn; Kushwaha, Satya; Krizan, Jason W; Haldolaarachchige, Neel; Cava, Robert Joseph
2016-06-21
The recent discovery of extreme magnetoresistance (XMR) in LaSb introduced lanthanum monopnictides as a new platform to study this effect in the absence of broken inversion symmetry or protected linear band crossing. In this work, we report XMR in LaBi. Through a comparative study of magnetotransport effects in LaBi and LaSb, we construct a temperature-field phase diagram with triangular shape that illustrates how a magnetic field tunes the electronic behavior in these materials. We show that the triangular phase diagram can be generalized to other topological semimetals with different crystal structures and different chemical compositions. By comparing our experimental results to band structure calculations, we suggest that XMR in LaBi and LaSb originates from a combination of compensated electron-hole pockets and a particular orbital texture on the electron pocket. Such orbital texture is likely to be a generic feature of various topological semimetals, giving rise to their small residual resistivity at zero field and subject to strong scattering induced by a magnetic field.
Geometry Helps to Compare Persistence Diagrams
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kerber, Michael; Morozov, Dmitriy; Nigmetov, Arnur
2015-11-16
Exploiting geometric structure to improve the asymptotic complexity of discrete assignment problems is a well-studied subject. In contrast, the practical advantages of using geometry for such problems have not been explored. We implement geometric variants of the Hopcroft--Karp algorithm for bottleneck matching (based on previous work by Efrat el al.), and of the auction algorithm by Bertsekas for Wasserstein distance computation. Both implementations use k-d trees to replace a linear scan with a geometric proximity query. Our interest in this problem stems from the desire to compute distances between persistence diagrams, a problem that comes up frequently in topological data analysis. We show that our geometric matching algorithms lead to a substantial performance gain, both in running time and in memory consumption, over their purely combinatorial counterparts. Moreover, our implementation significantly outperforms the only other implementation available for comparing persistence diagrams.
Phase diagrams for an ideal gas mixture of fermionic atoms and bosonic molecules
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Williams, J. E.; Nygaard, Nicolai; Clark, C. W.
2004-01-01
We calculate the phase diagrams for a harmonically trapped ideal gas mixture of fermionic atoms and bosonic molecules in chemical and thermal equilibrium, where the internal energy of the molecules can be adjusted relative to that of the atoms by use of a tunable Feshbach resonance. We plot...... diagrams obtained in recent experiments on the Bose-Einstein condensation to Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer crossover, in which the condensate fraction is plotted as a function of the initial temperature of the Fermi gas measured before a sweep of the magnetic field through the resonance region....
Conductivity, calorimetry and phase diagram of the NaHSO4–KHSO4 system
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hind, Hamma-Cugny; Rasmussen, Søren Birk; Rogez, J.
2006-01-01
to polynomials of the form κ(X)=A(X)+B(X)(T-Tm)+C(X)(T-Tm)2, where Tm is the intermediate temperature of the measured temperature range and X, the mole fraction of KHSO4. The possible role of this binary system as a catalyst solvent is also discussed. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.......Physico-chemical properties of the binary system NaHSO4-KHSO4 were studied by calorimetry and conductivity, The enthalpy of mixing has been measured at 505 K in the full composition range and the phase diagram calculated. The phase diagram has also been constructed from phase transition...
Worldline Green functions for multiloop diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schmidt, M.G.; Heidelberg Univ.; Schubert, C.
1994-03-01
We propose a multiloop generalization of the Bern-Kosower formalism, based on Strassler's approach of evaluating worldline path integrals by worldline Green functions. Those Green functions are explicitly constructed for the basic two-loop graph, and for a loop with an arbitrary number of propagator insertions. For scalar and abelian gauge theories, the resulting integral representations allow to combine whole classes of Feynman diagrams into compact expressions. (orig.)
Simple Lie algebras and Dynkin diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Buccella, F.
1983-01-01
The following theorem is studied: in a simple Lie algebra of rank p there are p positive roots such that all the other n-3p/2 positive roots are linear combinations of them with integer non negative coefficients. Dykin diagrams are built by representing the simple roots with circles and drawing a junction between the roots. Five exceptional algebras are studied, focusing on triple junction algebra, angular momentum algebra, weights of the representation, antisymmetric tensors, and subalgebras
Stability diagrams for disconnected capillary surfaces
Slobozhanin, Lev A.; Alexander, J. Iwan D.
2003-11-01
Disconnected free surfaces (or interfaces) of a connected liquid volume (or liquid volumes) occur when the boundary of the liquid volume consists of two or more separate surface components Γi (i=1,…,m) that correspond to liquid-gas (or liquid-liquid) interfaces. We consider disconnected surfaces for which each component Γi is axisymmetric and crosses its own symmetry axis. In most cases, the stability problem for an entire disconnected equilibrium capillary surface subject to perturbations that conserve the total liquid volume reduces to the same set of problems obtained when separately considering the stability of each Γi to perturbations that satisfy a fixed pressure constraint. For fixed pressure perturbations, the stability of a given axisymmetric Γi can be found through comparison of actual and critical values of a particular boundary parameter. For zero gravity, these critical values are found analytically. For non-zero gravity, an analytical representation of the critical values is not generally possible. In such cases, a determination of stability can be accomplished by representing all possible equilibrium surface profiles on a dimensionless "height-radius" diagram. This diagram is contoured with critical values of the boundary parameter. The stability diagram can, in most cases, be used to determine the stability of a disconnected surface (subject to perturbations that conserve the total volume) that is composed of components that are represented by given equilibrium profiles on the diagram. To illustrate this approach, solutions of stability problems for systems consisting of a set of sessile or pendant drops in contact with smooth planar walls or with the edges of equidimensional perforated holes in a horizontal plate are presented.
Diagram of the uranium prospection perforation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Perrin, J.
1982-01-01
We call diagrams to the drawn up one continuous of parameters physicists of the formation trimmed by a perforation based on the depth. The method is interesting not only for the putting in evidence of the mineralized levels but also it stops to determine the variations of lithology had by one part to the intrinsic properties of minerals (quartz, clays, carbonates) and to their variation of tenor and by another one, to variations of porosity and permeability of the formation
Random matrix models for phase diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vanderheyden, B; Jackson, A D
2011-01-01
We describe a random matrix approach that can provide generic and readily soluble mean-field descriptions of the phase diagram for a variety of systems ranging from quantum chromodynamics to high-T c materials. Instead of working from specific models, phase diagrams are constructed by averaging over the ensemble of theories that possesses the relevant symmetries of the problem. Although approximate in nature, this approach has a number of advantages. First, it can be useful in distinguishing generic features from model-dependent details. Second, it can help in understanding the 'minimal' number of symmetry constraints required to reproduce specific phase structures. Third, the robustness of predictions can be checked with respect to variations in the detailed description of the interactions. Finally, near critical points, random matrix models bear strong similarities to Ginsburg-Landau theories with the advantage of additional constraints inherited from the symmetries of the underlying interaction. These constraints can be helpful in ruling out certain topologies in the phase diagram. In this Key Issues Review, we illustrate the basic structure of random matrix models, discuss their strengths and weaknesses, and consider the kinds of system to which they can be applied.
Phase diagram of heteronuclear Janus dumbbells
O'Toole, Patrick; Giacometti, Achille; Hudson, Toby
Using Aggregation-Volume-Bias Monte Carlo simulations along with Successive Umbrella Sampling and Histogram Re-weighting, we study the phase diagram of a system of dumbbells formed by two touching spheres having variable sizes, as well as different interaction properties. The first sphere ($h$) interacts with all other spheres belonging to different dumbbells with a hard-sphere potential. The second sphere ($s$) interacts via a square-well interaction with other $s$ spheres belonging to different dumbbells and with a hard-sphere potential with all remaining $h$ spheres. We focus on the region where the $s$ sphere is larger than the $h$ sphere, as measured by a parameter $1\\le \\alpha\\le 2 $ controlling the relative size of the two spheres. As $\\alpha \\to 2$ a simple fluid of square-well spheres is recovered, whereas $\\alpha \\to 1$ corresponds to the Janus dumbbell limit, where the $h$ and $s$ spheres have equal sizes. Many phase diagrams falling into three classes are observed, depending on the value of $\\alpha$. The $1.8 \\le \\alpha \\le 2$ is dominated by a gas-liquid phase separation very similar to that of a pure square-well fluid with varied critical temperature and density. When $1.3 \\le \\alpha \\le 1.8$ we find a progressive destabilization of the gas-liquid phase diagram by the onset of self-assembled structures, that eventually lead to a metastability of the gas-liquid transition below $\\alpha=1.2$.
MDM: A Mode Diagram Modeling Framework
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zheng Wang
2012-12-01
Full Text Available Periodic control systems used in spacecrafts and automotives are usually period-driven and can be decomposed into different modes with each mode representing a system state observed from outside. Such systems may also involve intensive computing in their modes. Despite the fact that such control systems are widely used in the above-mentioned safety-critical embedded domains, there is lack of domain-specific formal modelling languages for such systems in the relevant industry. To address this problem, we propose a formal visual modeling framework called mode diagram as a concise and precise way to specify and analyze such systems. To capture the temporal properties of periodic control systems, we provide, along with mode diagram, a property specification language based on interval logic for the description of concrete temporal requirements the engineers are concerned with. The statistical model checking technique can then be used to verify the mode diagram models against desired properties. To demonstrate the viability of our approach, we have applied our modelling framework to some real life case studies from industry and helped detect two design defects for some spacecraft control systems.
On-shell diagrams for N=8 supergravity amplitudes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Heslop, Paul; Lipstein, Arthur E. [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University,Lower Mountjoy, Stockton Road, Durham, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)
2016-06-10
We define recursion relations for N=8 supergravity amplitudes using a generalization of the on-shell diagrams developed for planar N=4 super-Yang-Mills. Although the recursion relations generically give rise to non-planar on-shell diagrams, we show that at tree-level the recursion can be chosen to yield only planar diagrams, the same diagrams occurring in the planar N=4 theory. This implies non-trivial identities for non-planar diagrams as well as interesting relations between the N=4 and N=8 theories. We show that the on-shell diagrams of N=8 supergravity obey equivalence relations analogous to those of N=4 super-Yang-Mills, and we develop a systematic algorithm for reading off Grassmannian integral formulae directly from the on-shell diagrams. We also show that the 1-loop 4-point amplitude of N=8 supergravity can be obtained from on-shell diagrams.
Statistical Evaluation of Classification Diagrams for Altered Igneous Rocks
VERMA, SURENDRA P.; RODRÍGUEZ-RÍOS, RODOLFO; GONZÁLEZ-RAMÍREZ, + & ROSALINDA
2010-01-01
The International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) has proposed recommendations for the classification of relatively fresh volcanic rocks, but with no specific instructions for altered volcanic rocks, other than discouraging the use of the total alkalis versus silica diagram. The Nb/Y-Zr/TiO2 diagram has been in use for the classification of altered rocks now for over 30 years. Recently (during 2007) another diagram (Co-Th) has been proposed to replace this old diagram, particularly for al...
Stability field diagrams for Ln–O–Cl systems
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/boms/039/03/0603-0611. Keywords. Predominance area diagram; Kellogg diagram; lanthanide oxychloride; rare-earth mineral processing; thermodynamic properties. Abstract. Isothermal stability field diagrams for Ln−O−Cl systems (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, ...
Diagrams for certain quotients of PSL(2,Z[i])
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Abstract. Actions of the Picard group PSL(2, Z[i]) on PL(Fp), where p ≡ 1(mod 4), are investigated through diagrams. Each diagram is composed of fragments of three types. A technique is developed to count the number of fragments which frequently occur in the diagrams for the action of the Picard group on PL(Fp).
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram. Executive Summary
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
1993-06-30
This executive summary contains a description of the logic diagram format; some examples from the diagram (Vol. 2) and associated technology evaluation data sheets (Vol. 3); a complete (albeit condensed) listing of the RA, D&D, and WM problems at ORNL; and a complete listing of the technology rankings for all the areas covered by the diagram.
Students' Learning Activities While Studying Biological Process Diagrams
Kragten, Marco; Admiraal, Wilfried; Rijlaarsdam, Gert
2015-01-01
Process diagrams describe how a system functions (e.g. photosynthesis) and are an important type of representation in Biology education. In the present study, we examined students' learning activities while studying process diagrams, related to their resulting comprehension of these diagrams. Each student completed three learning tasks. Verbal…
Developing Tool Support for Problem Diagrams with CPN and VDM++
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Tjell, Simon; Lassen, Kristian Bisgaard
2008-01-01
In this paper, we describe ongoing work on the development of tool support for formal description of domains found in Problem Diagrams. The purpose of the tool is to handle the generation of a CPN model based on a collection of Problem Diagrams. The Problem Diagrams are used for representing the ...
The role of perceptual cues in matrix diagrams
van der Meij, Jan; Amelsvoort, Marije; Anjewierden, Anjo Allert
2015-01-01
An experiment was conducted to assess whether the design of a matrix diagram influences how people study the diagram and whether this has an effect on recall of the presented information. We compared four versions of a matrix diagram on antisocial personality disorder. It consisted of four header
Transition rates and transition rate diagrams in atomic emission spectroscopy: A review
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Weiss, Zdeněk, E-mail: weissz@leco.cz [LECO Instrumente Plzeň, s.r.o., Plaská 66, 323 00 Plzeň (Czech Republic); Steers, Edward B.M. [London Metropolitan University, 166-220 Holloway Road, London, N7 8DB (United Kingdom); Pickering, Juliet C. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London, SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)
2015-08-01
In low pressure plasmas with low electron densities, such as glow discharges, radiative de-excitation is a major de-excitation process of most excited states. Their relative de-excitation rates can be determined by emission spectroscopy, making it possible to study excitation processes in these discharges. This is in contrast to denser plasmas, in which such considerations are usually based on relative populations of excited states and concepts related to thermodynamic equilibrium. In the approach using reaction rates rather than populations, a convenient tool is the recently introduced formalism of transition rate diagrams. This formalism is reviewed, its relevance to different plasmas is discussed and some recent results on glow discharge excitation of manganese, copper and iron ions are presented. The prospects for the use of this formalism for the comparison of rate constants and cross sections for charge transfer reactions with argon ions of elements of interest in analytical glow discharge spectroscopy are discussed. - Highlights: • Radiative deexcitation is a major deexcitation process in some plasmas. • Rates of radiative transitions can be presented in transition rate diagrams. • Transition rate diagrams can be calculated based on emission spectra. • Transition rate diagrams can indicate collisional excitation processes. • Transition rate diagrams of Fe II, Cu II, Mn II in a glow discharge plasma are reviewed.
Importance diagrams - a novel presentation of the response of a material to neutron irradiation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Forrest, R.A.
1998-01-01
Activation of fusion materials following neutron irradiation is of great technological importance, especially in the study of safety and environmental impacts. Currently, activation calculations are performed for a particular neutron spectrum, appropriate to a region in a particular fusion device, which makes it difficult to extract generic information. The present work gives details of a method to present the dominant nuclides for the radiological responses or an irradiated material in a fashion that is independent of the neutron spectrum and almost independent of the flux. The importance diagrams show regions in the decay time versus neutron energy space where a nuclide contributes >50% of the response. The importance diagrams for pure iron and SS316 are described, and it is noted that the shapes of the various regions vary very little with the total neutron flux. Variation of the diagrams with irradiation time occurs at short decay times in a systematic fashion. The use of the diagrams in a realistic spectrum relies on an expansion, which while not generally true, does hold approximately for many of the nuclides of interest. The diagrams are therefore a valuable summary of the universal, device-independent, response of the materials, and when combined with pathway information give a comprehensive description of activation for that material. (orig.)
Phase diagrams of ferroelectric nanocrystals strained by an elastic matrix
Nikitchenko, A. I.; Azovtsev, A. V.; Pertsev, N. A.
2018-01-01
Ferroelectric crystallites embedded into a dielectric matrix experience temperature-dependent elastic strains caused by differences in the thermal expansion of the crystallites and the matrix. Owing to the electrostriction, these lattice strains may affect polarization states of ferroelectric inclusions significantly, making them different from those of a stress-free bulk crystal. Here, using a nonlinear thermodynamic theory, we study the mechanical effect of elastic matrix on the phase states of embedded single-domain ferroelectric nanocrystals. Their equilibrium polarization states are determined by minimizing a special thermodynamic potential that describes the energetics of an ellipsoidal ferroelectric inclusion surrounded by a linear elastic medium. To demonstrate the stability ranges of such states for a given material combination, we construct a phase diagram, where the inclusion’s shape anisotropy and temperature are used as two parameters. The ‘shape-temperature’ phase diagrams are calculated numerically for PbTiO3 and BaTiO3 nanocrystals embedded into representative dielectric matrices generating tensile (silica glass) or compressive (potassium silicate glass) thermal stresses inside ferroelectric inclusions. The developed phase maps demonstrate that the joint effect of thermal stresses and matrix-induced elastic clamping of ferroelectric inclusions gives rise to several important features in the polarization behavior of PbTiO3 and BaTiO3 nanocrystals. In particular, the Curie temperature displays a nonmonotonic variation with the ellipsoid’s aspect ratio, being minimal for spherical inclusions. Furthermore, the diagrams show that the polarization orientation with respect to the ellipsoid’s symmetry axis is controlled by the shape anisotropy and the sign of thermal stresses. Under certain conditions, the mechanical inclusion-matrix interaction qualitatively alters the evolution of ferroelectric states on cooling, inducing a structural transition
Han, Xu; Liu, Yang; Critser, John K
2010-08-01
Characterization of the thermodynamic properties of multi-solute aqueous solutions is of critical importance for biological and biochemical research. For example, the phase diagrams of aqueous systems, containing salts, saccharides, and plasma membrane permeating solutes, are indispensible in the field of cryobiology and pharmacology. However, only a few ternary phase diagrams are currently available for these systems. In this study, an auto-sampler differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) was used to determine the quaternary phase diagram of the water-ethylene glycol-sucrose-NaCl system. To improve the accuracy of melting point measurement, a "mass-redemption" method was also applied for the DSC technique. Base on the analyses of these experimental data, a comparison was made between the two practical approaches to generate phase diagrams of multi-solute solutions from those of single-solute solutions: the summation of cubic polynomial melting point equations versus the use of osmotic virial equations with cross coefficients. The calculated values of the model standard deviations suggested that both methods are satisfactory for characterizing this quaternary system. (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
CONTRIBUTION FOR MINING ATMOSPHERE CALCULATION
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Franica Trojanović
1989-12-01
Full Text Available Humid air is an unavoidable feature of mining atmosphere, which plays a significant role in defining the climate conditions as well as permitted circumstances for normal mining work. Saturated humid air prevents heat conduction from the human body by means of evaporation. Consequently, it is of primary interest in the mining practice to establish the relative air humidity either by means of direct or indirect methods. Percentage of water in the surrounding air may be determined in various procedures including tables, diagrams or particular calculations, where each technique has its specific advantages and disadvantages. Classical calculation is done according to Sprung's formula, in which case partial steam pressure should also be taken from the steam table. The new method without the use of diagram or tables, established on the functional relation of pressure and temperature on saturated line, is presented here for the first time (the paper is published in Croatian.
Temperature Dependence of the Energy Band Diagram of AlGaN/GaN Heterostructure
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yanli Liu
2018-01-01
Full Text Available Temperature dependence of the energy band diagram of AlGaN/GaN heterostructure was investigated by theoretical calculation and experiment. Through solving Schrodinger and Poisson equations self-consistently by using the Silvaco Atlas software, the energy band diagram with varying temperature was calculated. The results indicate that the conduction band offset of AlGaN/GaN heterostructure decreases with increasing temperature in the range of 7 K to 200 K, which means that the depth of quantum well at AlGaN/GaN interface becomes shallower and the confinement of that on two-dimensional electron gas reduces. The theoretical calculation results are verified by the investigation of temperature dependent photoluminescence of AlGaN/GaN heterostructure. This work provides important theoretical and experimental basis for the performance degradation of AlGaN/GaN HEMT with increasing temperature.
State-transition diagrams for biologists.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hugues Bersini
Full Text Available It is clearly in the tradition of biologists to conceptualize the dynamical evolution of biological systems in terms of state-transitions of biological objects. This paper is mainly concerned with (but obviously not limited too the immunological branch of biology and shows how the adoption of UML (Unified Modeling Language state-transition diagrams can ease the modeling, the understanding, the coding, the manipulation or the documentation of population-based immune software model generally defined as a set of ordinary differential equations (ODE, describing the evolution in time of populations of various biological objects. Moreover, that same UML adoption naturally entails a far from negligible representational economy since one graphical item of the diagram might have to be repeated in various places of the mathematical model. First, the main graphical elements of the UML state-transition diagram and how they can be mapped onto a corresponding ODE mathematical model are presented. Then, two already published immune models of thymocyte behavior and time evolution in the thymus, the first one originally conceived as an ODE population-based model whereas the second one as an agent-based one, are refactored and expressed in a state-transition form so as to make them much easier to understand and their respective code easier to access, to modify and run. As an illustrative proof, for any immunologist, it should be possible to understand faithfully enough what the two software models are supposed to reproduce and how they execute with no need to plunge into the Java or Fortran lines.
Comprehending 3D Diagrams: Sketching to Support Spatial Reasoning.
Gagnier, Kristin M; Atit, Kinnari; Ormand, Carol J; Shipley, Thomas F
2017-10-01
Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines commonly illustrate 3D relationships in diagrams, yet these are often challenging for students. Failing to understand diagrams can hinder success in STEM because scientific practice requires understanding and creating diagrammatic representations. We explore a new approach to improving student understanding of diagrams that convey 3D relations that is based on students generating their own predictive diagrams. Participants' comprehension of 3D spatial diagrams was measured in a pre- and post-design where students selected the correct 2D slice through 3D geologic block diagrams. Generating sketches that predicated the internal structure of a model led to greater improvement in diagram understanding than visualizing the interior of the model without sketching, or sketching the model without attempting to predict unseen spatial relations. In addition, we found a positive correlation between sketched diagram accuracy and improvement on the diagram comprehension measure. Results suggest that generating a predictive diagram facilitates students' abilities to make inferences about spatial relationships in diagrams. Implications for use of sketching in supporting STEM learning are discussed. Copyright © 2016 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.
Confidence regions for fabric shape diagrams
Ringrose, Trevor J.; Benn, Douglas I.
1997-12-01
Fabric shape is often quantified using the three eigenvalues from the 'orientation tensor' method applied to a sample of directions. Several studies have used eigenvalues plotted on fabric shape diagrams to distinguish sedimentary facies or strain histories. However, such studies seldom consider how well the sample eigenvalues represent the true fabric shape. In this paper, we use 'bootstrapping' techniques to define confidence regions for sample eigenvalues, and show that sample and population eigenvalues may differ substantially. Confidence regions are often very large for small sample sizes, and we recommend that sample sizes should be at least 50.
The iron-niobium phase diagram
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zelaya Bejarano, J.M. (Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Brazil). Centro de Tecnologia); Gama, S. (Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica Gleb Wataghin); Ribeiro, C.A. (Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica Gleb Wataghin); Effenberg, G. (Materials Science International Services GmbH, Stuttgart (Germany))
1993-03-01
This work presents an experimental study of the binary Fe-Nb phase diagram, using techniques al optical metallography, X-ray diffraction. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) and electron microprobe. Our results re-define the existence range for the phases Fe[sub 2]Nb and Fe[sub 21]Nb[sub 19], point out the peritectic nature of the latter phase, and indicate the metastability of the Fe[sub 2]Nb[sub 3] phase and the non-existence of a high-temperature phase with stoichiometry Fe[sub 11]Nb[sub 89] in this system. (orig.)
Influence diagrams for speed profile optimization
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Kratochvíl, Václav; Vomlel, Jiří
2017-01-01
Roč. 88, č. 1 (2017), s. 567-586 ISSN 0888-613X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA16-12010S Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : Influence diagrams * Optimal control * Vehicle control Subject RIV: JD - Computer Applications, Robotics OBOR OECD: Computer sciences, information science, bioinformathics (hardware development to be 2.2, social aspect to be 5.8) Impact factor: 2.845, year: 2016 http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2017/MTR/kratochvil-0476597.pdf
Failure Assessment Diagram for Titanium Brazed Joints
Flom, Yury; Jones, Justin S.; Powell, Mollie M.; Puckett, David F.
2011-01-01
The interaction equation was used to predict failure in Ti-4V-6Al joints brazed with Al 1100 filler metal. The joints used in this study were geometrically similar to the joints in the brazed beryllium metering structure considered for the ATLAS telescope. This study confirmed that the interaction equation R(sub sigma) + R(sub Tau) = 1, where R(sub sigma) and R(sub Tau)are normal and shear stress ratios, can be used as conservative lower bound estimate of the failure criterion in ATLAS brazed joints as well as for construction of the Failure Assessment Diagram (FAD).
Algorithms for Disconnected Diagrams in Lattice QCD
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gambhir, Arjun Singh [College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Stathopoulos, Andreas [College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States); Orginos, Konstantinos [College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Yoon, Boram [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Gupta, Rajan [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Syritsyn, Sergey [Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
2016-11-01
Computing disconnected diagrams in Lattice QCD (operator insertion in a quark loop) entails the computationally demanding problem of taking the trace of the all to all quark propagator. We first outline the basic algorithm used to compute a quark loop as well as improvements to this method. Then, we motivate and introduce an algorithm based on the synergy between hierarchical probing and singular value deflation. We present results for the chiral condensate using a 2+1-flavor clover ensemble and compare estimates of the nucleon charges with the basic algorithm.
Twistor diagrams and massless Moeller scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hodges, A.P.
1983-01-01
The theory of twistor diagrams, as devised by Penrose, is intended to lead to a manifestly finite account of scattering amplitudes in quantum field theory. The theory is here extended to a more general type of interaction between massless fields than has hitherto been described. It is applied to the example of first-order massless Moeller scattering in quantum electrodynamics. It is shown that earlier studies of this example have failed to render a correct account, in particular by overlooking an infrared divergency, but that the scattering data can nevertheless be represented within the twistor formalism. (author)
Influence Diagrams for Optimal Maintenance Planning
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Friis-Hansen, Andreas
2000-01-01
Over the last two decades Bayesian networks and influence diagrams have received notable attention within the field of artificial intelligence and expert systems. During the last few years the technology has been further developed for problem solving within other engineering fields. The objective...... methods FORM/SORM. The Bayesian network model is argumented by decision and utility nodes, thus forming a full decision model for inspection planning. With the applied program package the optimal inspection plan is easily obtained. Moreover, the updating facilities allow for fast changes of the inspection...
More on boundary holographic Witten diagrams
Sato, Yoshiki
2018-01-01
In this paper we discuss geodesic Witten diagrams in general holographic conformal field theories with boundary or defect. In boundary or defect conformal field theory, two-point functions are nontrivial and can be decomposed into conformal blocks in two distinct ways; ambient channel decomposition and boundary channel decomposition. In our previous work [A. Karch and Y. Sato, J. High Energy Phys. 09 (2017) 121., 10.1007/JHEP09(2017)121] we only consider two-point functions of same operators. We generalize our previous work to a situation where operators in two-point functions are different. We obtain two distinct decomposition for two-point functions of different operators.
Phase diagram of strongly correlated Fermi systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zverev, M.V.; Khodel', V.A.; Baldo, M.
2000-01-01
Phase transitions in uniform Fermi systems with repulsive forces between the particles caused by restructuring of quasiparticle filling n(p) are analyzed. It is found that in terms of variables, i.e. density ρ, nondimensional binding constant η, phase diagram of a strongly correlated Fermi system for rather a wide class of interactions reminds of a puff-pastry pie. Its upper part is filled with fermion condensate, the lower one - with normal Fermi-liquid. They are separated by a narrow interlayer - the Lifshits phase, characterized by the Fermi multibound surface [ru
High temperature phase equilibria and phase diagrams
Kuo, Chu-Kun; Yan, Dong-Sheng
2013-01-01
High temperature phase equilibria studies play an increasingly important role in materials science and engineering. It is especially significant in the research into the properties of the material and the ways in which they can be improved. This is achieved by observing equilibrium and by examining the phase relationships at high temperature. The study of high temperature phase diagrams of nonmetallic systems began in the early 1900s when silica and mineral systems containing silica were focussed upon. Since then technical ceramics emerged and more emphasis has been placed on high temperature
Applications of zero-suppressed decision diagrams
Sasao, Tsutomu
2014-01-01
A zero-suppressed decision diagram (ZDD) is a data structure to represent objects that typically contain many zeros. Applications include combinatorial problems, such as graphs, circuits, faults, and data mining. This book consists of four chapters on the applications of ZDDs. The first chapter by Alan Mishchenko introduces the ZDD. It compares ZDDs to BDDs, showing why a more compact representation is usually achieved in a ZDD. The focus is on sets of subsets and on sum-of-products (SOP) expressions. Methods to generate all the prime implicants (PIs), and to generate irredundant SOPs are show
A comparative study of linear and region based diagrams
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Björn Gottfried
2015-06-01
Full Text Available There are two categories of objects spatial information science investigates: actual objects and their spatial properties, such as in geography, and abstract objects which are employed metaphorically, as for visual languages. A prominent example of the latter are diagrams that model knowledge of some domain. Different aspects of diagrams are of interest, including their formal properties or how human users work with them, for example, with diagrams representing sets. The literature about diagrammatic systems for the representation of sets shows a dominance of region-based diagrams like Euler circles and Venn diagrams. The effectiveness of these diagrams, however, is limited because region-based diagrams become quite complex for more then three sets. By contrast, linear diagrams are not equally prevalent but enable the representation of a greater number of sets without getting cluttered. Cluttered diagrams exhibit inherent complexity due to overlapping objects, irrelevant details, or other reasons that impinge upon their legibility. This study contrasts both types of diagrammatic systems and investigates whether the performance of users differs for both kinds of diagrams. A significant difference can be shown regarding the number of diagrams that can be drawn within a fixed period of time and regarding the number of errors made. The results indicate that linear diagrams are more effective by being more restrictive and because region based diagrams show much clutter due to overlapping, coincident, and tangentially touching contours, as well as an overwhelming number of empty zones. Linear diagrams are less prone to errors and do not suffer from clutter.
VennDiagram: a package for the generation of highly-customizable Venn and Euler diagrams in R.
Chen, Hanbo; Boutros, Paul C
2011-01-26
Visualization of orthogonal (disjoint) or overlapping datasets is a common task in bioinformatics. Few tools exist to automate the generation of extensively-customizable, high-resolution Venn and Euler diagrams in the R statistical environment. To fill this gap we introduce VennDiagram, an R package that enables the automated generation of highly-customizable, high-resolution Venn diagrams with up to four sets and Euler diagrams with up to three sets. The VennDiagram package offers the user the ability to customize essentially all aspects of the generated diagrams, including font sizes, label styles and locations, and the overall rotation of the diagram. We have implemented scaled Venn and Euler diagrams, which increase graphical accuracy and visual appeal. Diagrams are generated as high-definition TIFF files, simplifying the process of creating publication-quality figures and easing integration with established analysis pipelines. The VennDiagram package allows the creation of high quality Venn and Euler diagrams in the R statistical environment.
Phase Diagram of Spiking Neural Networks
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hamed eSeyed-Allaei
2015-03-01
Full Text Available In computer simulations of spiking neural networks, often it is assumed that every two neurons of the network are connected by a probablilty of 2%, 20% of neurons are inhibitory and 80% are excitatory. These common values are based on experiments, observations. but here, I take a different perspective, inspired by evolution. I simulate many networks, each with a different set of parameters, and then I try to figure out what makes the common values desirable by nature. Networks which are configured according to the common values, have the best dynamic range in response to an impulse and their dynamic range is more robust in respect to synaptic weights. In fact, evolution has favored networks of best dynamic range. I present a phase diagram that shows the dynamic ranges of different networks of different parameteres. This phase diagram gives an insight into the space of parameters -- excitatory to inhibitory ratio, sparseness of connections and synaptic weights. It may serve as a guideline to decide about the values of parameters in a simulation of spiking neural network.
From structure diagrams to visual chemical patterns.
Schomburg, Karen; Ehrlich, Hans-Christian; Stierand, Katrin; Rarey, Matthias
2010-09-27
The intuitive way of chemists to communicate molecules is via two-dimensional structure diagrams. The straightforward visual representations are mostly preferred to the often complicated systematic chemical names. For chemical patterns, however, no comparable visualization standards have evolved so far. Chemical patterns denoting descriptions of chemical features are needed whenever a set of molecules is filtered for certain properties. The currently available representations are constrained to linear molecular pattern languages which are hardly human readable and therefore keep chemists without computational background from systematically formulating patterns. Therefore, we introduce a new visualization concept for chemical patterns. The common standard concept of structure diagrams is extended to account for property descriptions and logic combinations of chemical features in patterns. As a first application of the new concept, we developed the SMARTSviewer, a tool that converts chemical patterns encoded in SMARTS strings to a visual representation. The graphic pattern depiction provides an overview of the specified chemical features, variations, and similarities without needing to decode the often cryptic linear expressions. Taking recent chemical publications from various fields, we demonstrate the wide application range of a graphical chemical pattern language.
Magnetic phase diagrams of UNiGe
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nakotte, H.; Torikachvili, M.S.; Lacerda, A.H.
1998-01-01
UNiGe undergoes two magnetic transitions in zero field. Here, the magnetic diagrams of UNiGe for B parallel b and B parallel c are reported. We performed temperature scans of the magnetization in static magnetic fields up to 19.5 T applied along the b and c axes. For both orientations three magnetic phases have been identified in the B-T diagrams. We confirmed the previously reported phase boundaries for B parallel c, and in addition we determined the location of the phase boundaries for B parallel b. We discuss a possible relationship of the two zero-field antiferromagnetic phases (commensurate: T<42 K; incommensurate: 42 K< T<50 K) and the field-induced phase, which at low temperatures, occurs between 18 and 25 T or 4 and 10 T for B parallel b or B parallel c, respectively. Finally, we discuss the field dependence of the electronic contribution γ to the specific heat for B parallel c up to 17.5 T, and we find that its field dependence is similar to the one found in more itinerant uranium compounds. (orig.)
Phase Coexistence in a Dynamic Phase Diagram.
Gentile, Luigi; Coppola, Luigi; Balog, Sandor; Mortensen, Kell; Ranieri, Giuseppe A; Olsson, Ulf
2015-08-03
Metastability and phase coexistence are important concepts in colloidal science. Typically, the phase diagram of colloidal systems is considered at the equilibrium without the presence of an external field. However, several studies have reported phase transition under mechanical deformation. The reason behind phase coexistence under shear flow is not fully understood. Here, multilamellar vesicle (MLV)-to-sponge (L3 ) and MLV-to-Lα transitions upon increasing temperature are detected using flow small-angle neutron scattering techniques. Coexistence of Lα and MLV phases at 40 °C under shear flow is detected by using flow NMR spectroscopy. The unusual rheological behavior observed by studying the lamellar phase of a non-ionic surfactant is explained using (2) H NMR and diffusion flow NMR spectroscopy with the coexistence of planar lamellar-multilamellar vesicles. Moreover, a dynamic phase diagram over a wide range of temperatures is proposed. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Magnetic phase diagrams of UNiGe
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nakotte, H.; Hagmusa, I.H.; Klaasse, J.C.P.; Hagmusa, I.H.; Klaasse, J.C.P.
1997-01-01
UNiGe undergoes two magnetic transitions in zero field. Here, the magnetic diagrams of UNiGe for B parallel b and B parallel c are reported. We performed temperatures scans of the magnetization in static magnetic fields up to 19.5T applied along the b and c axes. For both orientations 3 magnetic phases have been identified in the B-T diagrams. We confirmed the previously reported phase boundaries for B parallel c, and in addition we determined the location of the phase boundaries for B parallel b. We discuss a possible relationship of the two zero-field antiferromagnetic phases (commensurate: T<42K; incommensurate: 42K< T<50K) and the field-induced phase, which, at low temperatures, occurs between 18 and 25T or 4 and 10T for B parallel b or B parallel c, respectively. Finally, we discuss the field dependence of the electronic contribution γ to the specific heat for B parallel c up to 17.5T, and we find that its field dependence is similar to the one found in more itinerant uranium compounds
On the Impact of Layout Quality to Understanding UML Diagrams: Diagram Type and Expertise
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Störrle, Harald
2012-01-01
Practical experience suggests that the use and understanding of UML diagrams is greatly affected by the quality of their layout. In previous work, we have presented evidence supporting this intuition. This contrasts with earlier experiments that yielded weak or inconclusive evidence only. In the ...
Automated Generation of Phase Diagrams for Binary Systems with Azeotropic Behavior
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Cismondi, Martin; Michelsen, Michael Locht; Zabaloy, Marcelo S.
2008-01-01
, one of the previously identified AEPs. We calculate the azeotropic lines using a numerical continuation method that solves the nonlinear azeotropic system of equations under a range of conditions and efficiently tracks entire azeotropic curves. We have integrated our strategy for calculating......In this work, we propose a computational strategy and methods for the automated calculation of complete loci of homogeneous azeotropy of binary mixtures and the related Pxy and Txy diagrams for models of the equation-of-state (EOS) type. The strategy consists of first finding the system...
Phase Diagram of Quaternary System NaBr-KBr-CaBr2-H2O at 323 K
Cui, Rui-Zhi; Wang, Wei; Yang, Lei; Sang, Shi-Hua
2018-03-01
The phase equilibria in the system NaBr-KBr-CaBr2-H2O at 323 K were studied using the isothermal dissolution equilibrium method. Using the experimental solubilities of salts data, phase diagram was constructed. The phase diagram have two invariant points, five univariant curves, and four crystallization fields. The equilibrium solid phases in the system are NaBr, NaBr · 2H2O, KBr, and CaBr2 · 4H2O. The solubilities of salts in the system at 323 K were calculated by Pitzer's equation. There is shown that the calculated solubilities agree well with experimental data.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Heine Anton; Rossmeisl, Jan; Nørskov, Jens Kehlet
2008-01-01
The electrochemical most stable surface structures is investigated as function of pH and potential for Pt, Ag and Ni based on DFT calculations and constructed surface Pourbaix diagrams. It is also explained why metals such as Ag and Ni may be used successfully in alkaline fuel cells but not in ac......The electrochemical most stable surface structures is investigated as function of pH and potential for Pt, Ag and Ni based on DFT calculations and constructed surface Pourbaix diagrams. It is also explained why metals such as Ag and Ni may be used successfully in alkaline fuel cells...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Declination is calculated using the current International Geomagnetic Reference Field (IGRF) model. Declination is calculated using the current World Magnetic Model...
Graphical matching rules for cardinality based service feature diagrams
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Faiza Kanwal
2017-03-01
Full Text Available To provide efficient services to end-users, variability and commonality among the features of the product line is a challenge for industrialist and researchers. Feature modeling provides great services to deal with variability and commonality among the features of product line. Cardinality based service feature diagrams changed the basic framework of service feature diagrams by putting constraints to them, which make service specifications more flexible, but apart from their variation in selection third party services may have to be customizable. Although to control variability, cardinality based service feature diagrams provide high level visual notations. For specifying variability, the use of cardinality based service feature diagrams raises the problem of matching a required feature diagram against the set of provided diagrams.
HELAS: HELicity Amplitude Subroutines for Feynman diagram evaluations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Murayama, H.; Watanabe, I.; Hagiwara, K.
1992-01-01
HELAS is a set of the FORTRAN 77 subroutines which enable to compute the helicity amplitude of an arbitrary tree level Feynman diagram with a simple sequence of CALL SUBROUTINE statements. It is easy to write down a FORTRAN program to calculate the helicity amplitude of a given process by calling the HELAS subroutines. The example of evaluating the helicity amplitude of the process W + W - →t anti-t is shown. The compactness of the helicity amplitude programs is the main advantage of using the HELAS. Another advantage is that it is very easy to allow external heavy particles to decay into light quarks and leptons without losing the spin correlation. The procedure of calculating the cross section of an arbitrary process with the help of the HELAS and noteworthy characteristics of the HELAS system are shown. How to use the HELAS package is explained about the above example. The HELAS subroutines are grouped in wave functions, nine vertices and tools and standard model coupling constants. HELAS CHECK messages makes the job to find mistake easy. (K.I.)
Interactive Cost Configuration Over Decision Diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Henrik Reif; Hadzic, Tarik; Pisinger, David
2010-01-01
In many AI domains such as product configuration, a user should interactively specify a solution that must satisfy a set of constraints. In such scenarios, offline compilation of feasible solutions into a tractable representation is an important approach to delivering efficient backtrack-free user...... interaction online. In particular,binary decision diagrams (BDDs) have been successfully used as a compilation target for product and service configuration. In this paper we discuss how to extend BDD-based configuration to scenarios involving cost functions which express user preferences. We first show....... The applicability of our approach is demonstrated through experiments over real-world configuration models and product-catalogue datasets. Response times are generally within a fraction of a second even for very large instances....
Visualizing Mortality Dynamics in the Lexis Diagram
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rau, Roland; Bohk-Ewald, Christina; Muszynska, Magdalena M
Software to produce these types of surface maps. Readers are encouraged to use the presented tools to visualize other demographic data or any event that can be measured by age and calendar time, allowing them to adapt the methods to their respective research interests. The intended audience is anyone who......This book visualizes mortality dynamics in the Lexis diagram. While the standard approach of plotting death rates is also covered, the focus in this book is on the depiction of rates of mortality improvement over age and time. This rather novel approach offers a more intuitive understanding...... of the underlying dynamics, enabling readers to better understand whether period- or cohort-effects were instrumental for the development of mortality in a particular country. Besides maps for single countries, the book includes maps on the dynamics of selected causes of death in the United States...
Loop Amplitude Diagrams in Manifest, Maximal Supergravity
Karlsson, Anna
The issue of finiteness of maximal supergravity has been subject to research for quite some time. Here, we approach that question through an examination of how to describe amplitude diagrams in D = 11 maximal supergravity from a field theory point of view. The strength of the formulation is the presence of manifest supersymmetry through the use of pure spinors. An initial analysis of what the subsequent characteristics turn out to be, partly in lower dimensions through dimensional reduction, gives at hand results that agree with previous work, pointing towards a first divergence for the 7-loop contribution to the 4-point amplitude in four dimensions. The text is mainly based on and may be regarded as an introduction to the main points presented there.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Iyetomi, H.; Ogata, S.; Ichimaru, S.
1989-01-01
Equations of state for dense carbon-oxygen (C-O) binary-ionic mixtures (BIM's) appropriate to the interiors of white dwarfs are investigated through Monte Carlo simulations, by solution of relevant integral equations and variational calculations in the density-functional formalism. It is thereby shown that the internal energies of the C-O BIM solids and fluids both obey precisely the linear mixing formulas. We then present an accurate calculation of the phase diagram associated with freezing transitions in such BIM materials, resulting in a novel prediction of an azeotropic diagram. Discontinuities of the mass density across the azeotropic phase boundaries are evaluated numerically for application to a study of white-dwarf evolution
Leak before break piping evaluation diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fabi, R.J.; Peck, D.A.
1994-01-01
Traditionally Leak Before Break (LBB) has been applied to the evaluation of piping in existing nuclear plants. This paper presents a simple method for evaluating piping systems for LBB during the design process. This method produces a piping evaluation diagram (PED) which defines the LBB requirements to the piping designer for use during the design process. Several sets of LBB analyses are performed for each different pipe size and material considered in the LBB application. The results of this method are independent of the actual pipe routing. Two complete LBB evaluations are performed to determine the maximum allowable stability load, one evaluation for a low normal operating load, and the other evaluation for a high normal operating load. These normal operating loads span the typical loads for the particular system being evaluated. In developing the allowable loads, the appropriate LBB margins are included in the PED preparation. The resulting LBB solutions are plotted as a set of allowable curves for the maximum design basis load, such is the seismic load versus the normal operating load. Since the required margins are already accounted for in the LBB PED, the piping designer can use the diagram directly with the results of the piping analysis and determine immediately if the current piping arrangement passes LBB. Since the LBB PED is independent of pipe routing, changes to the piping system can be evaluated using the existing PED. For a particular application, all that remains is to confirm that the actual materials and pipe sizes assumed in creating the particular design are built into the plant
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
1993-09-01
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram (TLD) was developed to provide a decision-support tool that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WM) problems at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed to develop these technologies to a state that allows technology transfer and application to decontamination and decommissioning (D ampersand D), remedial action (RA), and WM activities. The TLD consists of three fundamentally separate volumes: Vol. 1 (Technology Evaluation), Vol. 2 (Technology Logic Diagram), and Vol. 3 (Technology Evaluation Data Sheets). Part A of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on D ampersand D. Part B of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on RA of contaminated facilities. Part C of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on WM. Each part of Vol. 1 contains an overview of the TLD, an explanation of the program-specific responsibilities, a review of identified technologies, and the ranking os remedial technologies. Volume 2 (Pts. A, B, and C) contains the logic linkages among EM goals, environmental problems, and the various technologies that have the potential to solve these problems. Volume 3 (Pts. A, B, and C) contains the TLD data sheets. The focus of Vol. 1, Pt. B, is RA, and it has been divided into six chapters. The first chapter is an introduction, which defines problems specific to the ER Program for ORNL. Chapter 2 provides a general overview of the TLD. Chapters 3 through 5 are organized into necessary subelement categories: RA, characterization, and robotics and automation. The final chapter contains regulatory compliance information concerning RA
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
1993-09-01
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technology Logic Diagram (TLD) was developed to provide a decision support tool that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WM) problems at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration testing, and evaluation needed to develop these technologies to a state that allows technology transfer and application to decontamination and decommissioning (D ampersand D), remedial action (RA), and WM activities. The TLD consists of three fundamentally separate volumes: Vol. 1, Technology Evaluation; Vol. 2, Technology Logic Diagram and Vol. 3, Technology EvaLuation Data Sheets. Part A of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on RA. Part B of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on the D ampersand D of contaminated facilities. Part C of Vols. 1 and 2 focuses on WM. Each part of Vol. 1 contains an overview of the TM, an explanation of the problems facing the volume-specific program, a review of identified technologies, and rankings of technologies applicable to the site. Volume 2 (Pts. A. B. and C) contains the logic linkages among EM goals, environmental problems, and the various technologies that have the potential to solve these problems. Volume 3 (Pts. A. B, and C) contains the TLD data sheets. This volume provides the technology evaluation data sheets (TEDS) for ER/WM activities (D ampersand D, RA and WM) that are referenced by a TEDS code number in Vol. 2 of the TLD. Each of these sheets represents a single logic trace across the TLD. These sheets contain more detail than is given for the technologies in Vol. 2
Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram. Volume 2, Technology Logic Diagrams
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fellows, R.L. [ed.
1993-02-26
The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates envirorunental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. This volume, Volume 2, contains logic diagrams with an index. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use.
“DRYPACK” - a calculation and analysis tool
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andreasen, M.B.; Toftegaard, R.; Schneider, P.
2013-01-01
energy consumption reductions by using “DryPack” are calculated. With the “DryPack” calculation tool, it is possible to calculate four different unit operations with moist air (dehumidification of air, humidification of air, mixing of two air streams, and heating of air). In addition, a Mollier diagram...
Construction of an Automatic Drawing System for Power System Diagram by Using GA
Kawahara, Koji; Zoka, Yoshifumi; Sasaki, Hiroshi
In case of analyzing power system by numerical calculation for power flow and transient stability, it is very useful to make a power system diagram to ease the modification and the change of data for system analysis. However, making the system diagram has been so far done by man power. It not only takes a lot of time to make a drawing for large-scale power system, it but also may cause a mistake. This paper proposes a supporting system for drawing the system diagram by applying a method for the automatic placement of nodes using genetic algorithm. We construct a prototype system available for not only automatic drawing but also editing and modifying diagrams. In addition, since we assume that the proposed system utilizes computation resources on Internet, the proposed system is expected to run on different operating systems through graphical user interface (GUI). To realize this, a prototype system is developed by JAVA language and is designed by design pattern technique that enables to record, reuse, and represent recurring design structures and associated design experience.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rongsheng Dong
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Evaluating the reliability of Multistate Flow Network (MFN is an NP-hard problem. Ordered binary decision diagram (OBDD or variants thereof, such as multivalued decision diagram (MDD, are compact and efficient data structures suitable for dealing with large-scale problems. Two symbolic algorithms for evaluating the reliability of MFN, MFN_OBDD and MFN_MDD, are proposed in this paper. In the algorithms, several operating functions are defined to prune the generated decision diagrams. Thereby the state space of capacity combinations is further compressed and the operational complexity of the decision diagrams is further reduced. Meanwhile, the related theoretical proofs and complexity analysis are carried out. Experimental results show the following: (1 compared to the existing decomposition algorithm, the proposed algorithms take less memory space and fewer loops. (2 The number of nodes and the number of variables of MDD generated in MFN_MDD algorithm are much smaller than those of OBDD built in the MFN_OBDD algorithm. (3 In two cases with the same number of arcs, the proposed algorithms are more suitable for calculating the reliability of sparse networks.
Nuclear fuel cycle cost and cost calculation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schmiedel, P.; Schricker, W.
1975-01-01
Four different methods of calculating the cost of the fuel cycle are explained, starting from the individual cost components with their specific input data. The results (for LWRs) are presented in tabular form and in the form of diagrams. (RB) [de
Characterizing the Magnetic Properties of Natural Samples Using First-Order Reversal Curve Diagrams
Pike, C. R.; Roberts, A. P.; Verosub, K. L.
2001-12-01
A FORC diagram is calculated from a class of partial hysteresis curves known as first-order reversal curves or FORCs. The measurement of a FORC begins by saturating a sample in a large positive applied field. The field is then decreased to a specified field and reversed; the FORC consists of the magnetization curve that results when the applied field is increased from this reversal field back to saturation. By repeating this measurement for different reversal fields, one obtains a suite of curves that provide detailed information on the distribution of particle switching fields (coercivities) and interaction fields in the sample. These magnetization data are transformed into a FORC distribution by calculating a second derivative of the magnetization data, and by applying a change in co-ordinates. The FORC distribution is, therefore, an empirically well-defined quantity that can be used to probe subtle variations in hysteresis behavior. We have used FORC diagrams to characterize the main types of hysteresis behavior observed in rock magnetism and environmental magnetism. FORC diagrams can be calculated using room-temperature or low-temperature data and enable identification of superparamagnetic, single domain and multi-domain grains, as well as magnetostatic interactions, even in mixed magnetic mineral assemblages. Routine use of FORC diagrams to examine representative bulk samples from large sample collections can provide important information concerning the magnetic particles that cannot be obtained using standard hysteresis measurements. In addition to using FORC diagrams to identify specific magnetic components in a sample, they can also be used to understand fundamental problems in rock magnetism. Our results suggest that pseudo-single domain grains contain contributions from single domain and multi-domain moments and that the hysteresis behavior observed in the multi-domain grains typically encountered in rock magnetism cannot be solely explained through
Drawing Euler Diagrams with Circles: The Theory of Piercings.
Stapleton, Gem; Leishi Zhang; Howse, John; Rodgers, Peter
2011-07-01
Euler diagrams are effective tools for visualizing set intersections. They have a large number of application areas ranging from statistical data analysis to software engineering. However, the automated generation of Euler diagrams has never been easy: given an abstract description of a required Euler diagram, it is computationally expensive to generate the diagram. Moreover, the generated diagrams represent sets by polygons, sometimes with quite irregular shapes that make the diagrams less comprehensible. In this paper, we address these two issues by developing the theory of piercings, where we define single piercing curves and double piercing curves. We prove that if a diagram can be built inductively by successively adding piercing curves under certain constraints, then it can be drawn with circles, which are more esthetically pleasing than arbitrary polygons. The theory of piercings is developed at the abstract level. In addition, we present a Java implementation that, given an inductively pierced abstract description, generates an Euler diagram consisting only of circles within polynomial time.
Heuristic Diagrams as a Tool to Teach History of Science
Chamizo, Jose A.
2012-01-01
The graphic organizer called here heuristic diagram as an improvement of Gowin's Vee heuristic is proposed as a tool to teach history of science. Heuristic diagrams have the purpose of helping students (or teachers, or researchers) to understand their own research considering that asks and problem-solving are central to scientific activity. The…
Modeling cancer registration processes with an enhanced activity diagram.
Lyalin, D; Williams, W
2005-01-01
Adequate instruments are needed to reflect the complexity of routine cancer registry operations properly in a business model. The activity diagram is a key instrument of the Unified Modeling Language (UML) for the modeling of business processes. The authors aim to improve descriptions of processes in cancer registration, as well as in other public health domains, through the enhancements of an activity diagram notation within the standard semantics of UML. The authors introduced the practical approach to enhance a conventional UML activity diagram, complementing it with the following business process concepts: timeline, duration for individual activities, responsibilities for individual activities within swimlanes, and descriptive text. The authors used an enhanced activity diagram for modeling surveillance processes in the cancer registration domain. Specific example illustrates the use of an enhanced activity diagram to visualize a process of linking cancer registry records with external mortality files. Enhanced activity diagram allows for the addition of more business concepts to a single diagram and can improve descriptions of processes in cancer registration, as well as in other domains. Additional features of an enhanced activity diagram allow to advance the visualization of cancer registration processes. That, in turn, promotes the clarification of issues related to the process timeline, responsibilities for particular operations, and collaborations among process participants. Our first experiences in a cancer registry best practices development workshop setting support the usefulness of such an approach.
Alnus as a disturbing factor in pollen diagrams
Janssen, C.R.
1959-01-01
It is commonly accepted that percentages of pollen in a pollen diagram do not express the exact composition of forests in earlier times. This inaccuracy is due to several factors, for instance the different quantities of pollen produced by plants, the distance of transport etc. A pollen diagram
Diagram, Gesture, Agency: Theorizing Embodiment in the Mathematics Classroom
de Freitas, Elizabeth; Sinclair, Nathalie
2012-01-01
In this paper, we use the work of philosopher Gilles Chatelet to rethink the gesture/diagram relationship and to explore the ways mathematical agency is constituted through it. We argue for a fundamental philosophical shift to better conceptualize the relationship between gesture and diagram, and suggest that such an approach might open up new…
Effects of Discussion Representation: Comparisons between Social and Cognitive Diagrams
Kwon, Kyungbin; Park, Su Jin
2017-01-01
An online discussion facilitates students' higher order thinking in online classes, especially when adopted with the instructor's guidance. The current experimental study examined the effects of two different discussion representation tools (social and cognitive diagrams) on students' discussion behaviors. The social diagram emphasized…
A Visual Interface Diagram For Mapping Functions In Integrated Products
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ingerslev, Mattias; Oliver Jespersen, Mikkel; Göhler, Simon Moritz
2015-01-01
of visualizing relations between parts and functions in highly integrated mechanical products. The result is an interface diagram that supports design teams in communication, decision making and design management. The diagram gives the designer an overview of the couplings and dependencies within a product...
30 CFR 256.8 - Leasing maps and diagrams.
2010-07-01
... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Leasing maps and diagrams. 256.8 Section 256.8 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR OFFSHORE LEASING OF SULPHUR OR..., General § 256.8 Leasing maps and diagrams. (a) Any area of the OCS which has been appropriately platted as...
RNA secondary structure diagrams for very large molecules: RNAfdl
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hecker, Nikolai; Wiegels, Tim; Torda, Andrew E.
2013-01-01
There are many programs that can read the secondary structure of an RNA molecule and draw a diagram, but hardly any that can cope with 10 3 bases. RNAfdl is slow but capable of producing intersection-free diagrams for ribosome-sized structures, has a graphical user interface for adjustments...
The Metric Lens : Visualizing Metrics and Structure on Software Diagrams
Byelas, Heorhiy; Telea, Alexandru; Hassan, AE; Zaidman, A; DiPenta, M
2008-01-01
We present the metric lens, a new visualization of method-level code metrics atop UML class diagrams, which allows performing metric-metric and metric-structure correlations on large diagrams. Me demonstrate air interactive visualization tool in which users can quickly specify a wide palette of
A comparison of two approaches for solving unconstrained influence diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ahlmann-Ohlsen, Kristian S.; Jensen, Finn V.; Nielsen, Thomas Dyhre
2009-01-01
consists not only of a decision policy for the various decisions, but also of a conditional specification of what to do next. Relative to the complexity of solving an influence diagram, finding a solution to an unconstrained influence diagram may be computationally very demanding w.r.t. both time and space...
Batch mode generation of residue-based diagrams of proteins.
Campagne, F.; Bettler, E.J.M.; Vriend, G.; Weinstein, H.C.
2003-01-01
SUMMARY: Residue-based diagrams of proteins are graphical representations that can be used in protein information systems. These diagrams make it possible to visually integrate different types of biological information. The approach has been used successfully for membrane proteins. We developed the
Schmidt, Signe; Nørgaard, Kirsten
2014-09-01
Matching meal insulin to carbohydrate intake, blood glucose, and activity level is recommended in type 1 diabetes management. Calculating an appropriate insulin bolus size several times per day is, however, challenging and resource demanding. Accordingly, there is a need for bolus calculators to support patients in insulin treatment decisions. Currently, bolus calculators are available integrated in insulin pumps, as stand-alone devices and in the form of software applications that can be downloaded to, for example, smartphones. Functionality and complexity of bolus calculators vary greatly, and the few handfuls of published bolus calculator studies are heterogeneous with regard to study design, intervention, duration, and outcome measures. Furthermore, many factors unrelated to the specific device affect outcomes from bolus calculator use and therefore bolus calculator study comparisons should be conducted cautiously. Despite these reservations, there seems to be increasing evidence that bolus calculators may improve glycemic control and treatment satisfaction in patients who use the devices actively and as intended. © 2014 Diabetes Technology Society.
Lattice investigations of the QCD phase diagram
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Guenther, Jana
2016-12-15
To understand the physics in the early universe as well as in heavy ion collisions a throughout understanding of the theory of strong interaction, quantum chromodynamics (QCD), is important. Lattice QCD provides a tool to study it from first principles. However due to the sign problem direct simulations with physical conditions are at the moment limited to zero chemical potential. In this thesis I present a circumvention of this problem. We can gain information on the QCD phase diagram and the equation of state from analytical continuation of results extracted from simulations at imaginary chemical potential. The topological susceptibility is very expensive to compute in Lattice QCD. However it provides an important ingredient for the estimation of the axion mass. The axion is a possible candidate for a dark matter, which plays in important role in the understanding of our universe. In this thesis I discuss two techniques that make it possible to determine the topological susceptibility and allow for an estimation of the axion mass. I then use this mass restrain to analyze the idea of an experiment to detect axions with a dielectric mirror.
Lattice investigations of the QCD phase diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Guenther, Jana
2016-01-01
To understand the physics in the early universe as well as in heavy ion collisions a throughout understanding of the theory of strong interaction, quantum chromodynamics (QCD), is important. Lattice QCD provides a tool to study it from first principles. However due to the sign problem direct simulations with physical conditions are at the moment limited to zero chemical potential. In this thesis I present a circumvention of this problem. We can gain information on the QCD phase diagram and the equation of state from analytical continuation of results extracted from simulations at imaginary chemical potential. The topological susceptibility is very expensive to compute in Lattice QCD. However it provides an important ingredient for the estimation of the axion mass. The axion is a possible candidate for a dark matter, which plays in important role in the understanding of our universe. In this thesis I discuss two techniques that make it possible to determine the topological susceptibility and allow for an estimation of the axion mass. I then use this mass restrain to analyze the idea of an experiment to detect axions with a dielectric mirror.
Towards a phase diagram for spin foams
Delcamp, Clement; Dittrich, Bianca
2017-11-01
One of the most pressing issues for loop quantum gravity and spin foams is the construction of the continuum limit. In this paper, we propose a systematic coarse-graining scheme for three-dimensional lattice gauge models including spin foams. This scheme is based on the concept of decorated tensor networks, which have been introduced recently. Here we develop an algorithm applicable to gauge theories with non-Abelian groups, which for the first time allows for the application of tensor network coarse-graining techniques to proper spin foams. The procedure deals efficiently with the large redundancy of degrees of freedom resulting from gauge invariance. The algorithm is applied to 3D spin foams defined on a cubical lattice which, in contrast to a proper triangulation, allows for non-trivial simplicity constraints. This mimics the construction of spin foams for 4D gravity. For lattice gauge models based on a finite group we use the algorithm to obtain phase diagrams, encoding the continuum limit of a wide range of these models. We find phase transitions for various families of models carrying non-trivial simplicity constraints.
Diagram of Cell to Cell Communication
2002-01-01
Diagram depicts the importance of cell-cell communication as central to the understanding of cancer growth and progression, the focus of the NASA bioreactor demonstration system (BDS-05) investigation. Microgravity studies will allow us to unravel the signaling and communication between these cells with the host and potential development of therapies for the treatment of cancer metastasis. The NASA Bioreactor provides a low turbulence culture environment which promotes the formation of large, three-dimensional cell clusters. Due to their high level of cellular organization and specialization, samples constructed in the bioreactor more closely resemble the original tumor or tissue found in the body. The Bioreactor is rotated to provide gentle mixing of fresh and spent nutrient without inducing shear forces that would damage the cells. The work is sponsored by NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research. The bioreactor is managed by the Biotechnology Cell Science Program at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC). NASA-sponsored bioreactor research has been instrumental in helping scientists to better understand normal and cancerous tissue development. In cooperation with the medical community, the bioreactor design is being used to prepare better models of human colon, prostate, breast and ovarian tumors. Cartilage, bone marrow, heart muscle, skeletal muscle, pancreatic islet cells, liver and kidney are just a few of the normal tissues being cultured in rotating bioreactors by investigators. Credit: Emory University.
Community detection by graph Voronoi diagrams
Deritei, Dávid; Lázár, Zsolt I.; Papp, István; Járai-Szabó, Ferenc; Sumi, Róbert; Varga, Levente; Ravasz Regan, Erzsébet; Ercsey-Ravasz, Mária
2014-06-01
Accurate and efficient community detection in networks is a key challenge for complex network theory and its applications. The problem is analogous to cluster analysis in data mining, a field rich in metric space-based methods. Common to these methods is a geometric, distance-based definition of clusters or communities. Here we propose a new geometric approach to graph community detection based on graph Voronoi diagrams. Our method serves as proof of principle that the definition of appropriate distance metrics on graphs can bring a rich set of metric space-based clustering methods to network science. We employ a simple edge metric that reflects the intra- or inter-community character of edges, and a graph density-based rule to identify seed nodes of Voronoi cells. Our algorithm outperforms most network community detection methods applicable to large networks on benchmark as well as real-world networks. In addition to offering a computationally efficient alternative for community detection, our method opens new avenues for adapting a wide range of data mining algorithms to complex networks from the class of centroid- and density-based clustering methods.
Analysis of Sequence Diagram Layout in Advanced UML Modelling Tools
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ņikiforova Oksana
2016-05-01
Full Text Available System modelling using Unified Modelling Language (UML is the task that should be solved for software development. The more complex software becomes the higher requirements are stated to demonstrate the system to be developed, especially in its dynamic aspect, which in UML is offered by a sequence diagram. To solve this task, the main attention is devoted to the graphical presentation of the system, where diagram layout plays the central role in information perception. The UML sequence diagram due to its specific structure is selected for a deeper analysis on the elements’ layout. The authors research represents the abilities of modern UML modelling tools to offer automatic layout of the UML sequence diagram and analyse them according to criteria required for the diagram perception.
Safety-barrier diagrams as a safety management tool
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Duijm, Nijs Jan
2009-01-01
Safety-barrier diagrams and “bow-tie” diagrams have become popular methods in risk analysis and safety management. This paper describes the syntax and principles for constructing consistent and valid safety-barrier diagrams. The latter's relation to other methods such as fault trees and Bayesian...... the management and maintenance of these systems. Safety-barrier diagrams provide a useful framework for an electronic data structure that integrates information from risk analysis with operational safety management....... Networks is discussed. Important advantages of safety-barrier diagrams as compared to other graphical risk-analysis methods are, firstly, the relative simplicity that supports communication with non-expert stakeholders and, secondly, the focus on deliberately inserted safety systems that supports...
Efficient computation of clipped Voronoi diagram for mesh generation
Yan, Dongming
2013-04-01
The Voronoi diagram is a fundamental geometric structure widely used in various fields, especially in computer graphics and geometry computing. For a set of points in a compact domain (i.e. a bounded and closed 2D region or a 3D volume), some Voronoi cells of their Voronoi diagram are infinite or partially outside of the domain, but in practice only the parts of the cells inside the domain are needed, as when computing the centroidal Voronoi tessellation. Such a Voronoi diagram confined to a compact domain is called a clipped Voronoi diagram. We present an efficient algorithm to compute the clipped Voronoi diagram for a set of sites with respect to a compact 2D region or a 3D volume. We also apply the proposed method to optimal mesh generation based on the centroidal Voronoi tessellation. Crown Copyright © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Laurent series expansion of sunrise-type diagrams using configuration space techniques
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Groote, S.; Koerner, J.G.; Pivovarov, A.A.
2004-01-01
We show that configuration space techniques can be used to efficiently calculate the complete Laurent series ε-expansion of sunrise-type diagrams to any loop order in D-dimensional space-time for any external momentum and for arbitrary mass configurations. For negative powers of ε the results are obtained in analytical form. For positive powers of ε including the finite ε 0 contribution the result is obtained numerically in terms of low-dimensional integrals. We present general features of the calculation and provide exemplary results up to five-loop order which are compared to available results in the literature. (orig.)
Improving the effectivity of work with Rosin-Rammler diagram by using MATLAB R GUI tool
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ivan Brezáni
2010-10-01
Full Text Available A simple, yet powerfull tool for plotting cumulative percent oversize against particle size while using combination of a logarithmicand double logarithmic axis (RR diagram is here proposed. It has direct support for line approximation and thus RRdistribution parameters determination, along with ability to calculate oversize product from particle size value and vice versa. Aninsight of different approaches of RR size distribution parameters calculation is here given, along with an approach of graphing RRdiagram. MATLABR was used as a programming language for computation and graphical user interface design. The direct resultof this work is a public accessible file covered by the BSD License.
Temperature Control of Autothermal Reformer System with Coefficient Diagram Method
Srisiriwat, N.; Wutthithanyawat, C.
2017-10-01
The objective of this paper is to design the autothermal reformer (ATR) temperature control by using a coefficient diagram method (CDM). The adiabatic temperature is a main controlled variable of the ATR which is a combination of endothermic and exothermic reactions. The simulation results of control parameters were calculated to maintain the ATR reaction temperature by manipulating air feed flow rate. In this work, two strategies of ATR temperature controller system with and without the feed temperature control of a preheater unit are compared to investigate the appropriate controller system when the change of surrounding temperature is considered as a key disturbance. The results showed that by using the CDM, the stability and robustness for controlling the ATR temperature system were considered to offer the proper control parameters and the designed temperature control of ATR system gave a good performance to maintain the controlled variables and reject the disturbance. Moreover, the ATR control system design with the feed temperature controller can compensate the surrounding temperature better than that without the feed temperature control.
Applying state diagrams to food processing and development
Roos, Y.; Karel, M.
1991-01-01
The physical state of food components affects their properties during processing, storage, and consumption. Removal of water by evaporation or by freezing often results in formation of an amorphous state (Parks et al., 1928; Troy and Sharp, 1930; Kauzmann, 1948; Bushill et al., 1965; White and Cakebread, 1966; Slade and Levine, 1991). Amorphous foods are also produced from carbohydrate melts by rapid cooling after extrusion or in the manufacturing of hard sugar candies and coatings (Herrington and Branfield, 1984). Formation of the amorphous state and its relation to equilibrium conditions are shown in Fig. 1 [see text]. The most important change, characteristic of the amorphous state, is noticed at the glass transition temperature (Tg), which involves transition from a solid "glassy" to a liquid-like "rubbery" state. The main consequence of glass transition is an increase of molecular mobility and free volume above Tg, which may result in physical and physico-chemical deteriorative changes (White and Cakebread, 1966; Slade and Levine, 1991). We have conducted studies on phase transitions of amorphous food materials and related Tg to composition, viscosity, stickiness, collapse, recrystallization, and ice formation. We have also proposed that some diffusion-limited deteriorative reactions are controlled by the physical state in the vicinity of Tg (Roos and Karel, 1990, 1991a, b, c). The results are summarized in this article, with state diagrams based on experimental and calculated data to characterize the relevant water content, temperature, and time-dependent phenomena of amorphous food components.
VennDiagramWeb: a web application for the generation of highly customizable Venn and Euler diagrams.
Lam, Felix; Lalansingh, Christopher M; Babaran, Holly E; Wang, Zhiyuan; Prokopec, Stephenie D; Fox, Natalie S; Boutros, Paul C
2016-10-03
Visualization of data generated by high-throughput, high-dimensionality experiments is rapidly becoming a rate-limiting step in computational biology. There is an ongoing need to quickly develop high-quality visualizations that can be easily customized or incorporated into automated pipelines. This often requires an interface for manual plot modification, rapid cycles of tweaking visualization parameters, and the generation of graphics code. To facilitate this process for the generation of highly-customizable, high-resolution Venn and Euler diagrams, we introduce VennDiagramWeb: a web application for the widely used VennDiagram R package. VennDiagramWeb is hosted at http://venndiagram.res.oicr.on.ca/ . VennDiagramWeb allows real-time modification of Venn and Euler diagrams, with parameter setting through a web interface and immediate visualization of results. It allows customization of essentially all aspects of figures, but also supports integration into computational pipelines via download of R code. Users can upload data and download figures in a range of formats, and there is exhaustive support documentation. VennDiagramWeb allows the easy creation of Venn and Euler diagrams for computational biologists, and indeed many other fields. Its ability to support real-time graphics changes that are linked to downloadable code that can be integrated into automated pipelines will greatly facilitate the improved visualization of complex datasets. For application support please contact Paul.Boutros@oicr.on.ca.
Cromley, Jennifer G.; Bergey, Bradley W.; Fitzhugh, Shannon; Newcombe, Nora; Wills, Theodore W.; Shipley, Thomas F.; Tanaka, Jacqueline C.
2013-01-01
Can students be taught to better comprehend the diagrams in their textbooks? Can such teaching transfer to uninstructed diagrams in the same domain or even in a new domain? What methods work best for these goals? Building on previous research showing positive results compared to control groups in both laboratory studies and short-term…
De Leng, Bas; Gijlers, Hannie
2015-05-01
To examine how collaborative diagramming affects discussion and knowledge construction when learning complex basic science topics in medical education, including its effectiveness in the reformulation phase of problem-based learning. Opinions and perceptions of students (n = 70) and tutors (n = 4) who used collaborative diagramming in tutorial groups were collected with a questionnaire and focus group discussions. A framework derived from the analysis of discourse in computer-supported collaborative leaning was used to construct the questionnaire. Video observations were used during the focus group discussions. Both students and tutors felt that collaborative diagramming positively affected discussion and knowledge construction. Students particularly appreciated that diagrams helped them to structure knowledge, to develop an overview of topics, and stimulated them to find relationships between topics. Tutors emphasized that diagramming increased interaction and enhanced the focus and detail of the discussion. Favourable conditions were the following: working with a shared whiteboard, using a diagram format that facilitated distribution, and applying half filled-in diagrams for non-content expert tutors and\\or for heterogeneous groups with low achieving students. The empirical findings in this study support the findings of earlier more descriptive studies that diagramming in a collaborative setting is valuable for learning complex knowledge in medicine.
SRD 166 MEMS Calculator (Web, free access) This MEMS Calculator determines the following thin film properties from data taken with an optical interferometer or comparable instrument: a) residual strain from fixed-fixed beams, b) strain gradient from cantilevers, c) step heights or thicknesses from step-height test structures, and d) in-plane lengths or deflections. Then, residual stress and stress gradient calculations can be made after an optical vibrometer or comparable instrument is used to obtain Young's modulus from resonating cantilevers or fixed-fixed beams. In addition, wafer bond strength is determined from micro-chevron test structures using a material test machine.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
B. Azzouz
2007-01-01
Full Text Available The textile fibre mixture as a multicomponent blend of variable fibres imposes regarding the proper method to predict the characteristics of the final blend. The length diagram and the fibrogram of cotton are generated. Then the length distribution, the length diagram, and the fibrogram of a blend of different categories of cotton are determined. The length distributions by weight of five different categories of cotton (Egyptian, USA (Pima, Brazilian, USA (Upland, and Uzbekistani are measured by AFIS. From these distributions, the length distribution, the length diagram, and the fibrogram by weight of four binary blends are expressed. The length parameters of these cotton blends are calculated and their variations are plotted against the mass fraction x of one component in the blend .These calculated parameters are compared to those of real blends. Finally, the selection of the optimal blends using the linear programming method, based on the hypothesis that the cotton blend parameters vary linearly in function of the components rations, is proved insufficient.
Thermodynamic analysis of 6xxx series Al alloys: Phase fraction diagrams
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cui S.
2018-01-01
Full Text Available Microstructural evolution of 6xxx Al alloys during various metallurgical processes was analyzed using accurate thermodynamic database. Phase fractions of all the possible precipitate phases which can form in the as-cast and equilibrium states of the Al-Mg-Si-Cu-Fe-Mn-Cr alloys were calculated over the technically useful composition range. The influence of minor elements such as Cu, Fe, Mn, and Cr on the amount of each type of precipitate in the as-cast and equilibrium conditions were analyzed. Phase fraction diagrams at 500 °C were mapped in the composition range of 0-1.1 wt.% Mg and 0-0.7 wt.% Si to investigate the as-homogenized microstructure. In addition, phase fraction diagram of Mg2Si at 177 °C was mapped to understand the microstructure after final annealing of 6xxx Al alloy. Based on the calculated diagrams, the design strategy of 6xxx Al alloy to produce highest strength due to Mg2Si is discussed.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Eremenko, V.N.; Velikanova, T.Ya.; Gordijchuk, O.V.
1988-01-01
Results of the X-ray phase, metallographic and high-temperature differential thermal analysis are used for the first time to plot a diagram of the Pr-C system state. Carbides are formed in the system: Pr 2 C 3 with the bcc-structure of the Pu 2 C 3 type and with the period a 0 = 0.85722+-0.00026 within the phase region + 2 C 3 >, a 0 0.86078+-0.00016 nm - within the region 2 C 3 >+α-PrC 2 ; dimorphous PrC 2 : α-PrC 2 with the bct-structure of the CaC 2 type and periods a 0.38517+-0.00011, c 0 = 0.64337+-0.00019 nm; β-PrC 2 with the fcc-structure, probably, of KCN type. Dicarbide melts congruently at 2320 grad. C, forming eutectics with graphite at 2254+-6 grad. C and composition of 71.5% (at.)C. It is polymorphously transformed in the phase region 2 C 3 > + 2 > at 1145+-4 grad. C, and in the region 2 >+C at 1134+-4 grad. C. Sesquicarbide melts incongruently at 1545+-4 grad. C. The eutectic reaction L ↔ + 2 C 3 > occurs at 800+-4 grad. C, the eutectic composition ∼ 15% (at.)C. The temperature of the eutectoid reaction ↔ + 2 C 3 > is 675+-6 grad C. The limiting carbon solubility in β-Pr is about 8 and in α-Pr it is about 5% (at.)
Classical Process diagrams and Service oriented Architecture
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Milan Mišovič
2013-01-01
services communicate with each other. The communication can involve either simple data or it could two or more services coordinating some activity. From the above mentioned we can pronounce a brief description of SOA. “SOA is an architectural style for consistency of business process logic and service architecture of the target software.”It is a complex of means for solution of special analysis, design, and integration of enterprise applications based on the use of enterprise services. The service solutions of the classic business process logic are, of course, based on the application of at least seven key principles of SOA (free relations, service contract, autonomy, abstraction, reusing, composition, no states. Key attributes of SOA are verbally described in (Erl, 2006. They are so important that a separate article should be devoted to their nature and formalization. On the other hand, there is also clear that each service solution of business logic should respect the principles published in SOA Manifesto, 2009, which are essentially derived from the key principles of SOA.In many publications there are given the SOA reference models usually composed of several layers (presentation layer, business process layer, composite services layer, application layer giving a meta idea of SOA implementation. Perfect knowledge of the business process logic is a necessary condition for the development of a proper service solution. The different types of business processes should be described in the necessary details and contexts.Interestingly, the SOA paradigm does not provide its own method of finding and describing business processes by giving a layered transparent business process diagram. On the other hand, the methodology provides deep understanding of not only the characteristics of services, but also their functionality and implementation of the key principles of SOA (Erl, 2006.Let us assume that the required process diagrams can be achieved by using some of the advanced
Analytical Determining Of The Steinmetz Equivalent Diagram Elements Of Single-Phase Transformer
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
T. Aly Saandy
2015-08-01
Full Text Available This article presents to an analytical calculation methodology of the Steinmetz Equivalent Diagram Elements applied to the prediction of Eddy current loss in a single-phase transformer. Based on the electrical circuit theory the active and reactive powers consumed by the core are expressed analytically in function of the electromagnetic parameters as resistivity permeability and the geometrical dimensions of the core. The proposed modeling approach is established with the duality parallel series. The equivalent diagram elements empirically determined by Steinmetz are analytically expressed using the expressions of the no loaded transformer consumptions. To verify the relevance of the model validations both by simulations with different powers and measurements were carried out to determine the resistance and reactance of the core. The obtained results are in good agreement with the theoretical approach and the practical results.
APPLICATION OF VORONOI DIAGRAM TO MASK-BASED INTERCEPTING PHASE-SPACE MEASUREMENTS
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Halavanau, A. [Fermilab; Ha, G. [POSTECH
2017-05-19
Intercepting multi-aperture masks (e.g. pepper pot or multislit mask) combined with a downstream transversedensity diagnostics (e.g. based on optical transition radiation or employing scintillating media) are commonly used for characterizing the phase space of charged particle beams and the associated emittances. The required data analysis relies on precise calculation of the RMS sizes and positions of the beamlets originated from the mask which drifted up to the analyzing diagnostics. Voronoi diagram is an efficient method for splitting a plane into subsets according to the distances between given vortices. The application of the method to analyze data from pepper pot and multislit mask based measurement is validated via numerical simulation and applied to experimental data acquired at the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator (AWA) facility. We also discuss the application of the Voronoi diagrams to quantify transverselymodulated beams distortion.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rivera, M., E-mail: mrivera@fisica.unam.m [Imperial College London, Department of Chemistry, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Rios-Reyes, C.H. [Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco, Departamento de Materiales, Av. San Pablo 180, Col. Reynosa Tamaulipas, C.P. 02200, Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Centro de Investigaciones Quimicas, Mineral de la Reforma, Hidalgo, C.P. 42181 (Mexico); Mendoza-Huizar, L.H. [Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Centro de Investigaciones Quimicas, Mineral de la Reforma, Hidalgo, C.P. 42181 (Mexico)
2011-04-15
The magnetic transition from mono- to multidomain magnetic states of cobalt clusters electrodeposited on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite electrodes was studied experimentally using Magnetic Force Microscopy. From these images, it was found that the critical size of the magnetic transition is dominated by the height rather than the diameter of the aggregate. This experimental behavior was found to be consistent with a theoretical single-domain ferromagnetic model that states that a critical height limits the monodomain state. By analyzing the clusters magnetic states as a function of their dimensions, magnetic exchange constant and anisotropy value were obtained and used to calculate other magnetic properties such as the exchange length, magnetic wall thickness, etc. Finally, a micromagnetic simulation study correctly predicted the experimental magnetic transition phase diagram. - Research highlights: > Electrodeposition of cobalt clusters. > Mono to multidomain magnetic transition. > Magnetic phase diagram.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rivera, M.; Rios-Reyes, C.H.; Mendoza-Huizar, L.H.
2011-01-01
The magnetic transition from mono- to multidomain magnetic states of cobalt clusters electrodeposited on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite electrodes was studied experimentally using Magnetic Force Microscopy. From these images, it was found that the critical size of the magnetic transition is dominated by the height rather than the diameter of the aggregate. This experimental behavior was found to be consistent with a theoretical single-domain ferromagnetic model that states that a critical height limits the monodomain state. By analyzing the clusters magnetic states as a function of their dimensions, magnetic exchange constant and anisotropy value were obtained and used to calculate other magnetic properties such as the exchange length, magnetic wall thickness, etc. Finally, a micromagnetic simulation study correctly predicted the experimental magnetic transition phase diagram. - Research highlights: → Electrodeposition of cobalt clusters. →Mono to multidomain magnetic transition. → Magnetic phase diagram.
Strukturisasi Entity Relationship Diagram dan Data Flow Diagram Berbasis Business Event-Driven
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Suroto Adi
2014-06-01
Full Text Available Entity relationship diagram (ERD and data flow diagram (DFD modeling are necessary parts in analysis and design of structured information systems in business. Definition of entities in the ERD, the process, and datastore in the DFD have well described in a lot of literatures. However, practically it is not easy to explain how to design ERD and DFD models so that the students well understand the modeling steps, especially in business applications. This study discussed step-by-step systematic approach to ERD and DFD modeling using "business event-driven" approach that is represented by the REA model, through structuring REA-ERD and REA-DFD. From the results we concluded that the logical design of ERD should be done before designing DFD, so that there would be perfect "balancing" between the entities in the ERD and data stores in the DFD. Consequently, the implementation of these steps needed to be tested both qualitatively and quantitatively in advanced researches
Research principles and the construction of mnemonic diagrams
Venda, V. F.; Mitkin, A. A.
1973-01-01
Mnemonic diagrams are defined as a variety of information display devices, the essential element of which is conventional graphical presentation of technological or functional-operational links in a controlled system or object. Graphically displaying the operational structure of an object, the interd dependence between different parameters, and the interdependence between indicators and control organs, the mneomonic diagram reduces the load on the operator's memory and facilitates perception and reprocessing of information and decision making, while at the same time playing the role of visual support to the information activity of the operator. The types of mnemonic diagrams are listed.
A Three-dimensional Topological Model of Ternary Phase Diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mu, Yingxue; Bao, Hong
2017-01-01
In order to obtain a visualization of the complex internal structure of ternary phase diagram, the paper realized a three-dimensional topology model of ternary phase diagram with the designed data structure and improved algorithm, under the guidance of relevant theories of computer graphics. The purpose of the model is mainly to analyze the relationship between each phase region of a ternary phase diagram. The model not only obtain isothermal section graph at any temperature, but also extract a particular phase region in which users are interested. (paper)
Compilative Fe - Ni phase diagram with author's correction
Silman, G. I.
2012-07-01
Apart of a complex study of the effect of nickel on structure formation in iron-base alloys is presented. An accurate enough phase diagram for alloys of the Fe - Ni system is still lacking. Compilation of the data of some works and subsequent analysis of the known anomalies of structure and properties in alloys of the system are used by the author for correcting the phase diagram. The corrected diagram is used to explain the special features of Fe - Ni alloys, the well-known "invar" effect in particular.
An updated Type II supernova Hubble diagram
Gall, E. E. E.; Kotak, R.; Leibundgut, B.; Taubenberger, S.; Hillebrandt, W.; Kromer, M.; Burgett, W. S.; Chambers, K.; Flewelling, H.; Huber, M. E.; Kaiser, N.; Kudritzki, R. P.; Magnier, E. A.; Metcalfe, N.; Smith, K.; Tonry, J. L.; Wainscoat, R. J.; Waters, C.
2018-03-01
We present photometry and spectroscopy of nine Type II-P/L supernovae (SNe) with redshifts in the 0.045 ≲ z ≲ 0.335 range, with a view to re-examining their utility as distance indicators. Specifically, we apply the expanding photosphere method (EPM) and the standardized candle method (SCM) to each target, and find that both methods yield distances that are in reasonable agreement with each other. The current record-holder for the highest-redshift spectroscopically confirmed supernova (SN) II-P is PS1-13bni (z = 0.335-0.012+0.009), and illustrates the promise of Type II SNe as cosmological tools. We updated existing EPM and SCM Hubble diagrams by adding our sample to those previously published. Within the context of Type II SN distance measuring techniques, we investigated two related questions. First, we explored the possibility of utilising spectral lines other than the traditionally used Fe IIλ5169 to infer the photospheric velocity of SN ejecta. Using local well-observed objects, we derive an epoch-dependent relation between the strong Balmer line and Fe IIλ5169 velocities that is applicable 30 to 40 days post-explosion. Motivated in part by the continuum of key observables such as rise time and decline rates exhibited from II-P to II-L SNe, we assessed the possibility of using Hubble-flow Type II-L SNe as distance indicators. These yield similar distances as the Type II-P SNe. Although these initial results are encouraging, a significantly larger sample of SNe II-L would be required to draw definitive conclusions. Tables A.1, A.3, A.5, A.7, A.9, A.11, A.13, A.15 and A.17 are also available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (http://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/611/A25
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bakirov, M. B.; Potapov, V.V.; Massoud, J.P.
2002-01-01
This work presents specimen-free methods of a standard uniaxial tension diagram construction and RPV (reactor pressure vessel) steels VVER strength properties definition out of a continuous ball indentation diagram. A similarity phenomenon of uniaxial tension strain curves at a hardening area and an area of a ball indentation constitutes the ground of the methods. The methods are developed on the basis of the uniform graphic representation of elasto-plastic strain processes by indentation and tension and with the reception of the unified yield curve at a hardening area. The calculation results on the phenomenological method conducted for a wide range of RPV steels conditions of nuclear reactors have shown a good precision as far as strain curves construction by the uniaxial tension out of the elasto-plastic indentation diagram is concerned. (authors)
Phase transition temperatures of Sn-Zn-Al system and their comparison with calculated phase diagrams
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Smetana, B.; Zlá, S.; Kroupa, Aleš; Žaludová, M.; Drápala, J.; Burkovič, R.; Petlák, D.
2012-01-01
Roč. 110, č. 1 (2012), s. 369-378 ISSN 1388-6150 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) OC08053 Institutional support: RVO:68081723 Keywords : Sn-Zn-Al system * DTA * phase transition temperatures Subject RIV: BJ - Thermodynamics Impact factor: 1.982, year: 2012
Phase diagram of Nitrogen at high pressures and temperatures
Jenei, Zsolt; Lin, Jung-Fu; Yoo, Choong-Shik
2007-03-01
Nitrogen is a typical molecular solid with relatively weak van der Waals intermolecular interactions but strong intramolecular interaction arising from the second highest binding energy of all diatomic molecules. The phase diagram of solid nitrogen is, however, complicated at high pressures, as inter-molecular interaction becomes comparable to the intra-molecular interaction. In this paper, we present an updated phase diagram of the nitrogen in the pressure-temperature region of 100 GPa and 1000 K, based on in-situ Raman and synchrotron x-ray diffraction studies using externally heated membrane diamond anvil cells. While providing an extension of the phase diagram, our results indicate a ``steeper'' slope of the δ/ɛ phase boundary than previously determined^1. We also studied the stability of the ɛ phase at high pressures and temperatures. Our new experimental results improve the understanding of the Nitrogen phase diagram. 1. Gregoryanz et al, Phys. Rev. B 66, 224108 (2002)
Heuristic Diagrams as a Tool to Teach History of Science
Chamizo, José A.
2012-05-01
The graphic organizer called here heuristic diagram as an improvement of Gowin's Vee heuristic is proposed as a tool to teach history of science. Heuristic diagrams have the purpose of helping students (or teachers, or researchers) to understand their own research considering that asks and problem-solving are central to scientific activity. The left side originally related in Gowin's Vee with philosophies, theories, models, laws or regularities now agrees with Toulmin's concepts (language, models as representation techniques and application procedures). Mexican science teachers without experience in science education research used the heuristic diagram to learn about the history of chemistry considering also in the left side two different historical times: past and present. Through a semantic differential scale teachers' attitude to the heuristic diagram was evaluated and its usefulness was demonstrated.
The Refined Lecture Hall Theorem via Abacus Diagrams
Bradford, Laura; Harris, Meredith; Jones, Brant; Komarinski, Alex; Matson, Carly; O'Shea, Edwin
2012-01-01
Bousquet-M\\'elou & Eriksson's lecture hall theorem generalizes Euler's celebrated distinct-odd partition theorem. We present an elementary and transparent proof of a refined version of the lecture hall theorem using a simple bijection involving abacus diagrams.
Temperature control in continuous furnace by structural diagram method
Lei, Xia; Hartley, Tom T.
1991-01-01
The fundamentals of the structural diagram method for distributed parameter systems (DPSs) are presented and reviewed. An example is given to illustrate the application of this method for control design.
Cu–Ni nanoalloy phase diagram – Prediction and experiment
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Sopoušek, J.; Vřešťál, J.; Pinkas, J.; Brož, P.; Buršík, Jiří; Stýskalík, A.; Škoda, D.; Zobač, O.; Lee, J.
2014-01-01
Roč. 45, June (2014), s. 33-39 ISSN 0364-5916 Institutional support: RVO:68081723 Keywords : nanoalloy * phase diagram * thermodynamic modeling Subject RIV: BJ - Thermodynamics Impact factor: 1.370, year: 2014
Algorithms and programs for consequence diagram and fault tree construction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hollo, E.; Taylor, J.R.
1976-12-01
A presentation of algorithms and programs for consequence diagram and sequential fault tree construction that are intended for reliability and disturbance analysis of large systems. The system to be analyzed must be given as a block diagram formed by mini fault trees of individual system components. The programs were written in LISP programming language and run on a PDP8 computer with 8k words of storage. A description is given of the methods used and of the program construction and working. (author)
49 CFR Appendix B to Part 230 - Diagrams and Drawings
2010-10-01
... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Diagrams and Drawings B Appendix B to Part 230 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION... to Part 230—Diagrams and Drawings ER17No99.015 ER17No99.016 ER17No99.017 ER17No99.018 ER17No99.019...
Calculations of skyshine from an intense portable electron linac
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Estes, G.P.; Hughes, H.G.; Fry, D.A.; Haynie, J.S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Shaughnessy, C.H.
1994-12-31
The MCNP Monte carlo code has been used at Los Alamos to calculate skyshine and terrain albedo efects from an intense portable electron linear accelerator that is to be used by the Russian Federation to radiograph nuclear weapons that may have been damaged by accidents. Relative dose rate profiles have been calculated. The design of the accelerator, along with a diagram, is presented.
Construction of UML class diagram with Model-Driven Development
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tomasz Górski
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Model transformations play a key role in software development projects based on Model--Driven Development (MDD principles. Transformations allow for automation of repetitive and well-defined steps, thus shortening design time and reducing a number of errors. In the object-oriented approach, the key elements are use cases. They are described, modelled and later designed until executable application code is obtained. The aim of the paper is to present transformation of a model-to-model type, Communication-2-Class, which automates construction of Unified Modelling Language (UML class diagram in the context of the analysis/design model. An UML class diagram is created based on UML communication diagram within use case realization. As a result, a class diagram shows all of the classes involved in the use case realization and the relationships among them. The plug-in which implements Communication-2-Class transformation was implemented in the IBM Rational Software Architect. The article presents the tests results of developed plug-in, which realizes Communication-2-Class transformation, showing capabilities of shortening use case realization’s design time.[b]Keywords[/b]: Model-Driven Development, transformations, Unified Modelling Language, analysis/design model, UML class diagram, UML communication diagram
Revision of the Ge–Ti phase diagram and structural stability of the new phase Ge4Ti5
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bittner, Roland W.; Colinet, Catherine; Tedenac, Jean-Claude; Richter, Klaus W.
2013-01-01
Highlights: •New compound Ge 4 Ti 5 found by experiments and by DFT ground state calculations. •Enthalpies of formation calculated for different Ge–Ti compounds. •Modifications of the Ge–Ti phase diagram suggested. -- Abstract: The binary phase diagram Ge–Ti was investigated experimentally by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy including EDX analysis, and differential thermal analysis. Total energies of the compounds GeTi 3 , GeTi 2 , Ge 3 Ti 5 , Ge 4 Ti 5 , Ge 5 Ti 6 , GeTi and Ge 2 Ti were calculated for various structure types employing electronic density-functional theory (DFT). Experimental studies as well as electronic calculations show the existence of a new phase Ge 4 Ti 5 (Ge 4 Sm 5 -type, oP36, Pnma) which is formed in a solid state reaction Ge 3 Ti 5 + Ge 5 Ti 6 = Ge 4 Ti 5 . In addition, a significant homogeneity range was observed for the compound Ge 3 Ti 5 and the composition of the liquid phase in the eutectic reaction L = Ge + Ge 2 Ti was found to be at significant higher Ge-content (97.5 at.% Ge) than reported in previous studies. Based on these new results, a modified phase diagram Ge–Ti is suggested. The zero-temperature lattice parameters and the formation enthalpies determined by DTF calculations were found to be in good agreement with experimental data
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Li, D.
1980-01-01
Reviewed is the effect of heat flux of different system parameters on critical density in order to give an initial view on the value of several parameters. A thorough analysis of different equations is carried out to calculate burnout is steam-water flows in uniformly heated tubes, annular, and rectangular channels and rod bundles. Effect of heat flux density distribution and flux twisting on burnout and storage determination according to burnout are commended [ru
Experimental study on p-V indicator diagrams of twin-screw refrigeration compressor with economizer
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wu Huagen; Peng Xueyuan; Xing Ziwen; Shu Pengcheng
2004-01-01
This paper presents the experimental investigation on the effects of the superfeed pressure together with economizer type on the performance of the twin-screw refrigeration compressor by means of the indicator diagram. With a pressure sensor embedded into the groove at the root of the female rotor on the discharge side, the pressure within the working chamber of a semi-hermetic twin-screw compressor with an economizer is recorded and then transformed into the indicator diagram. The results thus obtained are utilized to investigate the thermodynamic process of the compressor. It is shown that the compressor with an economizer has higher pressure during almost the whole compression process than without an economizer, resulting in the increase in the indicated power. Under different superfeed pressures, the pressure within the compression experiences different changes. This results in an optimal superfeed pressure for maximized compressor efficiency, which can be identified from the calculated compressor efficiency based on the indicator diagrams. It is also found that the pressure has a rapid increase at the beginning of superfeed process, and then a slow rise even a slight drop at the end of superfeed process, which is caused by the dynamic effect during superfeed process. Furthermore, if the superfeed pressure keeps the same, the pressure during compression in the compressor with the heat exchanger economizer is slightly higher than with the flash tank economizer, due to the higher temperature of superfeed refrigerant gas in the former case
Maximally helicity-violating diagrams in twistor space and the twistor action
Adamo, Tim; Mason, Lionel
2012-09-01
Maximally helicity-violating (MHV) diagrams give an efficient Feynman diagramlike formalism for calculating gauge theory scattering amplitudes on momentum space. Although they arise as the Feynman diagrams from an action on twistor space in an axial gauge, the main ingredients were previously expressed only in momentum space and momentum twistor space. Here we show how the formalism can be elegantly derived and expressed entirely in twistor space. This brings out the underlying superconformal invariance of the framework (up to the choice of a reference twistor used to define the axial gauge) and makes the twistor support transparent. Our treatment is largely independent of signature, although we focus on Lorentz signature. Starting from the N=4 super-Yang-Mills twistor action, we obtain the propagator for the antiholomorphic Dolbeault operator as a delta function imposing collinear support with the reference twistor defining the axial gauge. The MHV vertices are also expressed in terms of similar delta functions. We obtain concrete formulas for tree-level NkMHV diagrams as a product of MHV amplitudes with an R invariant for each propagator; here the R invariant manifests superconformal as opposed to dual-superconformal invariance. This gives the expected explicit support on k+1 lines linked by k further lines associated to the propagators. The R invariants arising correspond to those obtained in the dual conformal invariant momentum twistor version of the formalism, but differences arise in the specification of the boundary terms. Surprisingly, in this framework, some finite loop integrals can be performed as simply as those for tree diagrams.
Reactome diagram viewer: data structures and strategies to boost performance.
Fabregat, Antonio; Sidiropoulos, Konstantinos; Viteri, Guilherme; Marin-Garcia, Pablo; Ping, Peipei; Stein, Lincoln; D'Eustachio, Peter; Hermjakob, Henning
2018-04-01
Reactome is a free, open-source, open-data, curated and peer-reviewed knowledgebase of biomolecular pathways. For web-based pathway visualization, Reactome uses a custom pathway diagram viewer that has been evolved over the past years. Here, we present comprehensive enhancements in usability and performance based on extensive usability testing sessions and technology developments, aiming to optimize the viewer towards the needs of the community. The pathway diagram viewer version 3 achieves consistently better performance, loading and rendering of 97% of the diagrams in Reactome in less than 1 s. Combining the multi-layer html5 canvas strategy with a space partitioning data structure minimizes CPU workload, enabling the introduction of new features that further enhance user experience. Through the use of highly optimized data structures and algorithms, Reactome has boosted the performance and usability of the new pathway diagram viewer, providing a robust, scalable and easy-to-integrate solution to pathway visualization. As graph-based visualization of complex data is a frequent challenge in bioinformatics, many of the individual strategies presented here are applicable to a wide range of web-based bioinformatics resources. Reactome is available online at: https://reactome.org. The diagram viewer is part of the Reactome pathway browser (https://reactome.org/PathwayBrowser/) and also available as a stand-alone widget at: https://reactome.org/dev/diagram/. The source code is freely available at: https://github.com/reactome-pwp/diagram. fabregat@ebi.ac.uk or hhe@ebi.ac.uk. Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
Infrared thermography method for fast estimation of phase diagrams
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Palomo Del Barrio, Elena [Université de Bordeaux, Institut de Mécanique et d’Ingénierie, Esplanade des Arts et Métiers, 33405 Talence (France); Cadoret, Régis [Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut de Mécanique et d’Ingénierie, Esplanade des Arts et Métiers, 33405 Talence (France); Daranlot, Julien [Solvay, Laboratoire du Futur, 178 Av du Dr Schweitzer, 33608 Pessac (France); Achchaq, Fouzia, E-mail: fouzia.achchaq@u-bordeaux.fr [Université de Bordeaux, Institut de Mécanique et d’Ingénierie, Esplanade des Arts et Métiers, 33405 Talence (France)
2016-02-10
Highlights: • Infrared thermography is proposed to determine phase diagrams in record time. • Phase boundaries are detected by means of emissivity changes during heating. • Transition lines are identified by using Singular Value Decomposition techniques. • Different binary systems have been used for validation purposes. - Abstract: Phase change materials (PCM) are widely used today in thermal energy storage applications. Pure PCMs are rarely used because of non adapted melting points. Instead of them, mixtures are preferred. The search of suitable mixtures, preferably eutectics, is often a tedious and time consuming task which requires the determination of phase diagrams. In order to accelerate this screening step, a new method for estimating phase diagrams in record time (1–3 h) has been established and validated. A sample composed by small droplets of mixtures with different compositions (as many as necessary to have a good coverage of the phase diagram) deposited on a flat substrate is first prepared and cooled down to ambient temperature so that all droplets crystallize. The plate is then heated at constant heating rate up to a sufficiently high temperature for melting all the small crystals. The heating process is imaged by using an infrared camera. An appropriate method based on singular values decomposition technique has been developed to analyze the recorded images and to determine the transition lines of the phase diagram. The method has been applied to determine several simple eutectic phase diagrams and the reached results have been validated by comparison with the phase diagrams obtained by Differential Scanning Calorimeter measurements and by thermodynamic modelling.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Copley, J.R.D.
2003-01-01
Phased choppers are used to produce pulsed beams of monochromatic neutrons at research reactors and spallation neutron sources. Depending on the design of the instrument, it is very possible that the choppers will transmit neutrons with wavelengths other than those within the desired band of wavelengths. One or more additional choppers are typically needed to remove these contaminant pulses. We describe a method of determining the wavelength- and time-dependent transmission of a system of choppers using acceptance diagrams. The method is illustrated with calculations for the Disk Chopper Spectrometer at the NIST Center for Neutron Research and the proposed Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer at the Spallation Neutron Source (Oak Ridge, TN)
The ground-state phase diagrams of the spin-3/2 Ising model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Canko, Osman; Keskin, Mustafa
2003-01-01
The ground-state spin configurations are obtained for the spin-3/2 Ising model Hamiltonian with bilinear and biquadratic exchange interactions and a single-ion crystal field. The interactions are assumed to be only between nearest-neighbors. The calculated ground-state phase diagrams are presented on diatomic lattices, such as the square, honeycomb and sc lattices, and triangular lattice in the (Δ/z vertical bar J vertical bar ,K/ vertical bar J vertical bar) and (H/z vertical bar J vertical bar, K/ vertical bar J vertical bar) planes
Topological Phase Diagrams of Bulk and Monolayer TiS2−xTex
Zhu, Zhiyong
2013-02-12
With the use of ab initio calculations, the topological phase diagrams of bulk and monolayer TiS2−xTex are established. Whereas bulk TiS2−xTex shows two strong topological phases [1;(000)] and [1;(001)] for 0.44
Melt-Vapor Phase Diagram of the Te-S System
Volodin, V. N.; Trebukhov, S. A.; Kenzhaliyev, B. K.; Nitsenko, A. V.; Burabaeva, N. M.
2018-03-01
The values of partial pressure of saturated vapor of the constituents of the Te-S system are determined from boiling points. The boundaries of the melt-vapor phase transition at atmospheric pressure and in vacuum of 2000 and 100 Pa are calculated on the basis of partial pressures. A phase diagram that includes vapor-liquid equilibrium fields whose boundaries allow us to assess the behavior of elements upon distillation fractioning is plotted. It is established that the separation of elements is possible at the first evaporation-condensation cycle. Complications can be caused by crystallization of a sulfur solid solution in tellurium.
McCarty, George
1982-01-01
How THIS BOOK DIFFERS This book is about the calculus. What distinguishes it, however, from other books is that it uses the pocket calculator to illustrate the theory. A computation that requires hours of labor when done by hand with tables is quite inappropriate as an example or exercise in a beginning calculus course. But that same computation can become a delicate illustration of the theory when the student does it in seconds on his calculator. t Furthermore, the student's own personal involvement and easy accomplishment give hi~ reassurance and en couragement. The machine is like a microscope, and its magnification is a hundred millionfold. We shall be interested in limits, and no stage of numerical approximation proves anything about the limit. However, the derivative of fex) = 67.SgX, for instance, acquires real meaning when a student first appreciates its values as numbers, as limits of 10 100 1000 t A quick example is 1.1 , 1.01 , 1.001 , •••• Another example is t = 0.1, 0.01, in the functio...
A Community Based Systems Diagram of Obesity Causes.
Allender, Steven; Owen, Brynle; Kuhlberg, Jill; Lowe, Janette; Nagorcka-Smith, Phoebe; Whelan, Jill; Bell, Colin
2015-01-01
Application of system thinking to the development, implementation and evaluation of childhood obesity prevention efforts represents the cutting edge of community-based prevention. We report on an approach to developing a system oriented community perspective on the causes of obesity. Group model building sessions were conducted in a rural Australian community to address increasing childhood obesity. Stakeholders (n = 12) built a community model that progressed from connection circles to causal loop diagrams using scripts from the system dynamics literature. Participants began this work in identifying change over time in causes and effects of childhood obesity within their community. The initial causal loop diagram was then reviewed and elaborated by 50 community leaders over a full day session. The process created a causal loop diagram representing community perceptions of determinants and causes of obesity. The causal loop diagram can be broken down into four separate domains; social influences; fast food and junk food; participation in sport; and general physical activity. This causal loop diagram can provide the basis for community led planning of a prevention response that engages with multiple levels of existing settings and systems.
A Community Based Systems Diagram of Obesity Causes.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Steven Allender
Full Text Available Application of system thinking to the development, implementation and evaluation of childhood obesity prevention efforts represents the cutting edge of community-based prevention. We report on an approach to developing a system oriented community perspective on the causes of obesity.Group model building sessions were conducted in a rural Australian community to address increasing childhood obesity. Stakeholders (n = 12 built a community model that progressed from connection circles to causal loop diagrams using scripts from the system dynamics literature. Participants began this work in identifying change over time in causes and effects of childhood obesity within their community. The initial causal loop diagram was then reviewed and elaborated by 50 community leaders over a full day session.The process created a causal loop diagram representing community perceptions of determinants and causes of obesity. The causal loop diagram can be broken down into four separate domains; social influences; fast food and junk food; participation in sport; and general physical activity.This causal loop diagram can provide the basis for community led planning of a prevention response that engages with multiple levels of existing settings and systems.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Petersen, Kurt Erling
1986-01-01
Risk and reliability analysis is increasingly being used in evaluations of plant safety and plant reliability. The analysis can be performed either during the design process or during the operation time, with the purpose to improve the safety or the reliability. Due to plant complexity and safety...... and availability requirements, sophisticated tools, which are flexible and efficient, are needed. Such tools have been developed in the last 20 years and they have to be continuously refined to meet the growing requirements. Two different areas of application were analysed. In structural reliability probabilistic...... approaches have been introduced in some cases for the calculation of the reliability of structures or components. A new computer program has been developed based upon numerical integration in several variables. In systems reliability Monte Carlo simulation programs are used especially in analysis of very...
On the impact of layout quality to understanding UML diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Störrle, Harald
2011-01-01
Practical experience suggests that use and understanding of UML diagrams is greatly affected by the quality of their layout. However, existing experimental evidence for this effect is been weak and inconclusive. In this paper, we explore two explanations. Firstly, we observe that the visual...... qualities of diagrams are more prominent in earlier life cycle phases so that the impact of layout quality should be more apparent in models and diagram types used there, an aspect not studied in previous research. Secondly, in practice, good layouts use many different heuristics simultaneously whereas...... previous research considered them in isolation only. In this paper, we report the results of a series of controlled experiments using compound layouts on requirements analysis models. With very high significance, we find a notable impact of the layout quality measured by different aspects of cognitive load....
Unified Phase Diagram for Iron-Based Superconductors
Gu, Yanhong; Liu, Zhaoyu; Xie, Tao; Zhang, Wenliang; Gong, Dongliang; Hu, Ding; Ma, Xiaoyan; Li, Chunhong; Zhao, Lingxiao; Lin, Lifang; Xu, Zhuang; Tan, Guotai; Chen, Genfu; Meng, Zi Yang; Yang, Yi-feng; Luo, Huiqian; Li, Shiliang
2017-10-01
High-temperature superconductivity is closely adjacent to a long-range antiferromagnet, which is called a parent compound. In cuprates, all parent compounds are alike and carrier doping leads to superconductivity, so a unified phase diagram can be drawn. However, the properties of parent compounds for iron-based superconductors show significant diversity and both carrier and isovalent dopings can cause superconductivity, which casts doubt on the idea that there exists a unified phase diagram for them. Here we show that the ordered moments in a variety of iron pnictides are inversely proportional to the effective Curie constants of their nematic susceptibility. This unexpected scaling behavior suggests that the magnetic ground states of iron pnictides can be achieved by tuning the strength of nematic fluctuations. Therefore, a unified phase diagram can be established where superconductivity emerges from a hypothetical parent compound with a large ordered moment but weak nematic fluctuations, which suggests that iron-based superconductors are strongly correlated electron systems.
Re-determination of succinonitrile (SCN) camphor phase diagram
Teng, Jing; Liu, Shan
2006-04-01
Low-melting temperature transparent organic materials have been extensively used to study the pattern formation and microstructure evolution. It proves to be very challenging to accurately determine the phase diagram since there is no viable way to measure the composition microscopically. In this paper, we presented the detailed experimental characterization of the phase diagram of succinonitrile (SCN)-camphor binary system. Differential scanning calorimetry, a ring-heater, and the directional solidification technique have been combined to determine the details of the phase diagram by using the purified materials. The advantages and disadvantages have been discussed for the different experimental techniques. SCN and camphor constitute a simple binary eutectic system with the eutectic composition at 23.6 wt% camphor and eutectic temperature at 37.65 °C. The solidus and the solubility of the SCN base solid solution have been precisely determined for the first time in this binary system.
Fast Formal Analysis of Requirements via "Topoi Diagrams"
Menzies, Tim; Powell, John; Houle, Michael E.; Kelly, John C. (Technical Monitor)
2001-01-01
Early testing of requirements can decrease the cost of removing errors in software projects. However, unless done carefully, that testing process can significantly add to the cost of requirements analysis. We show here that requirements expressed as topoi diagrams can be built and tested cheaply using our SP2 algorithm, the formal temporal properties of a large class of topoi can be proven very quickly, in time nearly linear in the number of nodes and edges in the diagram. There are two limitations to our approach. Firstly, topoi diagrams cannot express certain complex concepts such as iteration and sub-routine calls. Hence, our approach is more useful for requirements engineering than for traditional model checking domains. Secondly, out approach is better for exploring the temporal occurrence of properties than the temporal ordering of properties. Within these restrictions, we can express a useful range of concepts currently seen in requirements engineering, and a wide range of interesting temporal properties.
The limit shape problem for ensembles of Young diagrams
Hora, Akihito
2016-01-01
This book treats ensembles of Young diagrams originating from group-theoretical contexts and investigates what statistical properties are observed there in a large-scale limit. The focus is mainly on analyzing the interesting phenomenon that specific curves appear in the appropriate scaling limit for the profiles of Young diagrams. This problem is regarded as an important origin of recent vital studies on harmonic analysis of huge symmetry structures. As mathematics, an asymptotic theory of representations is developed of the symmetric groups of degree n as n goes to infinity. The framework of rigorous limit theorems (especially the law of large numbers) in probability theory is employed as well as combinatorial analysis of group characters of symmetric groups and applications of Voiculescu's free probability. The central destination here is a clear description of the asymptotic behavior of rescaled profiles of Young diagrams in the Plancherel ensemble from both static and dynamic points of view.
Generalized internal multiple imaging (GIMI) using Feynman-like diagrams
Zuberi, M. A. H.
2014-05-19
Single scattering events recorded in surface seismic data do not fully illuminate the subsurface structure, especially if it is complicated. In such cases, multiple internal scatterings (internal multiples) can help improve the illumination. We devise a generalized internal multiple imaging (GIMI) procedure that maps internal multiple energy to their true location with a relatively mild addition to the computational cost. GIMI theory relies heavily on seismic interferometry, which often involves cumbersome algebra, especially when one is dealing with high-order terms in the perturbation series. To make the derivations, and inference of the results easier, we introduce Feynman-like diagrams to represent different terms of the perturbation series (solution to the Lippman–Schwinger equation). The rules we define for the diagrams allow operations like convolution and cross-correlation in the series to be compressed in diagram form. The application of the theory to a double scattering example demonstrates the power of the method.
Project Management Plan for the INEL technology logic diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rudin, M.J.
1992-10-01
This Project Management Plan (PjMP) describes the elements of project planning and control that apply to activities outlined in Technical Task Plan (TTP) ID-121117, ''Technology Logic Diagrams For The INEL.'' The work on this project will be conducted by personnel in EG ampersand G Idaho, Inc.'s Waste Technology Development Program. Technology logic diagrams represent a formal methodology to identify technology gaps or needs within Environmental Restoration/Waste Management Operations, which will focus on Office of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM-50) research and development, demonstration, test, and evaluation efforts throughout the US Department of Energy complex. This PjMP describes the objectives, organization, roles and responsibilities, workscope and processes for implementing and managing the technology logic diagram for the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory project
The calculation of QCD triangular Feynman graphs in external gluonic field using the Reduce-2 system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dulyan, L.S.
1986-01-01
Methods and ways applied in the calculation of the QCD triangular Feynman diagrams with the use of the REDUCE-2 system are described. The encountered difficulties connected with the specific features of the REDUCE-2 system are discussed
An automatic system for elaboration of chip breaking diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andreasen, Jan Lasson; De Chiffre, Leonardo
1998-01-01
A laboratory system for fully automatic elaboration of chip breaking diagrams has been developed and tested. The system is based on automatic chip breaking detection by frequency analysis of cutting forces in connection with programming of a CNC-lathe to scan different feeds, speeds and cutting...... depths. An evaluation of the system based on a total of 1671 experiments has shown that unfavourable snarled chips can be detected with 98% certainty which indeed makes the system a valuable tool in chip breakability tests. Using the system, chip breaking diagrams can be elaborated with a previously...
Equivalence Checking of Combinational Circuits using Boolean Expression Diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hulgaard, Henrik; Williams, Poul Frederick; Andersen, Henrik Reif
1999-01-01
or by a design automation tool).This paper introduces a data structure called Boolean Expression Diagrams (BEDs) and two algorithms for transforming a BED into a Reduced Ordered Binary Decision Diagram (OBDD). BEDs are capable of representing any Boolean circuit in linear space and can exploit structural...... similarities between the two circuits that are compared. These properties make BEDs suitable for verifying the equivalence of combinational circuits. BEDs can be seen as an intermediate representation between circuits (which are compact) and OBDDs (which are canonical).Based on a large number of combinational...
Microsoft Visio 2013 business process diagramming and validation
Parker, David
2013-01-01
Microsoft Visio 2013 Business Process Diagramming and Validation provides a comprehensive and practical tutorial including example code and demonstrations for creating validation rules, writing ShapeSheet formulae, and much more.If you are a Microsoft Visio 2013 Professional Edition power user or developer who wants to get to grips with both the essential features of Visio 2013 and the validation rules in this edition, then this book is for you. A working knowledge of Microsoft Visio and optionally .NET for the add-on code is required, though previous knowledge of business process diagramming
Helioseismic Ring-diagram Diagnostics of Solar Fares.
Leibacher, John W.; Baudin, Frédéric
2014-06-01
Flares are known to excite waves in the solar atmosphere. Maurya et al. (2009), using a local analysis (ring diagrams) of the 2003 Halloween flare, also showed they excite p-modes. We confirm and extend here these results by:-applying the same analysis to other locations on the Sun at the time of the Halloween flare-analyzing another event also showing a signature of p-mode excitation-looking in details at the results of the ring diagrams analysis in terms of noise fitting.The Halloween flare present an apparent localized excitation of p-modes, similar to what is observed for the other event analyzed.
Equivalence Checking of Combinational Circuits using Boolean Expression Diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hulgaard, Henrik; Williams, Poul Frederick; Andersen, Henrik Reif
1999-01-01
The combinational logic-level equivalence problem is to determine whether two given combinational circuits implement the same Boolean function. This problem arises in a number of CAD applications, for example when checking the correctness of incremental design changes (performed either manually...... or by a design automation tool).This paper introduces a data structure called Boolean Expression Diagrams (BEDs) and two algorithms for transforming a BED into a Reduced Ordered Binary Decision Diagram (OBDD). BEDs are capable of representing any Boolean circuit in linear space and can exploit structural...
Phase diagram of the ternary Zr-Ti-Sn system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Arias, D.; Gonzalez Camus, M.
1987-01-01
It is well known that Ti stabilizes the high temperature cubic phase of Zr and that Sn stabilizes the low temperature hexagonal phase of Zr. The effect of Sn on the Zr-Ti diagram has been studied in the present paper. Using high purity metals, nine different alloys have been prepared, with 4-32 at % Ti, 0.7-2.2 at % Sn and Zr till 100%. Resistivity and optical and SEM metallography techniques have been employed. Effect of some impurities have been analyzed. The results are discussed and different isothermic sections of the ternary Zr-Ti-Sn diagram are presented. (Author) [es
New Wang-Landau approach to obtain phase diagrams for multicomponent alloys
Takeuchi, Kazuhito; Tanaka, Ryohei; Yuge, Koretaka
2017-10-01
We develop an approach to apply the Wang-Landau algorithm to multicomponent alloys in a semi-grand-canonical ensemble. Although the Wang-Landau algorithm has great advantages over conventional sampling methods, there are few applications to alloys. This is because calculating compositions in a semi-grand-canonical ensemble via the Wang-Landau algorithm requires a multidimensional density of states in terms of total energy and compositions, and constructing it is difficult from the viewpoints of both implementation and computational cost. In this study, we develop a simple approach to calculate the alloy phase diagram based on the Wang-Landau algorithm, and show that a number of one-dimensional densities of states could lead to compositions in a semi-grand-canonical ensemble as a multidimensional density of states could. Finally, we apply the present method to Cu-Au and Pd-Rh alloys and confirm that the present method successfully describes the phase diagram with high efficiency, validity, and accuracy.
DETERMINATION OF THE CREEP–FATIGUE INTERACTION DIAGRAM FOR ALLOY 617
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wright, J. K.; Carroll, L. J.; Sham, T. -L.; Lybeck, N. J.; Wright, R. N.
2016-08-01
Alloy 617 is the leading candidate material for an intermediate heat exchanger for the very high temperature reactor. To evaluate the behavior of this material in the expected service conditions, creep-fatigue testing was performed. Testing has been performed primarily on a single heat of material at 850 and 950°C for total strain ranges of 0.3 to 1% and tensile hold times as long as 240 minutes. At 850°C, increases in the tensile hold duration degraded the creep fatigue resistance, at least to the investigated strain-controlled hold time of up to 60 minutes at the 0.3% strain range and 240 minutes at the 1.0% strain range. At 950°C, the creep-fatigue cycles to failure becomes constant with increasing hold times, indicating saturation occurs at relatively short hold times. The creep and fatigue damage fractions have been calculated and plotted on a creep-fatigue interaction D-diagram. Results from earlier creep-fatigue tests at 800 and 1000°C on an additional heat of Alloy 617 are also plotted on the D-diagram. The methodology for calculating the damage fractions will be presented, and the effects of strain rate, strain range, temperature, hold time, and strain profile (i.e. holds in tension, compression or both) on the creep-fatigue damage will be explored.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
N.M. Ghasem
2003-12-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the simulink block diagram is used to solve a model consists of a set of ordinary differential and algebraic equations to control the temperature inside a simple stirred tank heater. The flexibility of simulink block diagram gives students a better understanding of the control systems. The simulink also allows solution of mathematical models and easy visualization of the system variables. A polyethylene fluidized bed reactor is considered as an industrial example and the effect of the Proportional, Integral and Derivative control policy is presented for comparison.
Importance analysis based on logical differential calculus and Binary Decision Diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zaitseva, Elena; Levashenko, Vitaly; Kostolny, Jozef
2015-01-01
System availability evaluation, sensitivity analysis, Importance Measures, and optimal design are important issues that have become research topics for reliability engineering. There are different mathematical approaches to the development of these topics. The structure function based approach is one of them. Structure function enables one to analyse a system of any complexity. But computational complexity of structure function based methods is time consuming for large-scale networks. We propose to use two mathematical approaches for decision to this problem for system importance analysis. The first of them is Direct Partial Boolean Derivative. New equations for calculating the Importance Measures are developed in terms of these derivatives. The second is Binary Decision Diagram (BDD), that supports efficient manipulation of Boolean algebra. Two algorithms for calculating Direct Partial Boolean Derivative based on BDD of structure function are proposed in this paper. The experimental results show the efficiency of new algorithms for calculating Direct Partial Boolean Derivative and Importance Measures. - Highlights: • New approach for calculation of Importance Measures is proposed. • Direct Partial Boolean Derivatives are used for calculation of Importance Measures. • New equations for Importance Measures are obtained. • New algorithm to calculate Direct Partial Boolean Derivatives by BDD is developed
Phase diagram for the Eigen quasispecies theory with a truncated fitness landscape.
Saakian, David B; Biebricher, Christof K; Hu, Chin-Kun
2009-04-01
Using methods of statistical physics, we present rigorous theoretical calculations of Eigen's quasispecies theory with the truncated fitness landscape which dramatically limits the available sequence space of information carriers. As the mutation rate is increased from small values to large values, one can observe three phases: the first (I) selective (also known as ferromagnetic) phase, the second (II) intermediate phase with some residual order, and the third (III) completely randomized (also known as paramagnetic) phase. We calculate the phase diagram for these phases and the concentration of information carriers in the master sequence (also known as peak configuration) x0 and other classes of information carriers. As the phase point moves across the boundary between phase I and phase II, x0 changes continuously; as the phase point moves across the boundary between phase II and phase III, x0 has a large change. Our results are applicable for the general case of a fitness landscape.
The equilibrium phase diagram of the magnesium-copper-yttrium system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mezbahul-Islam, Mohammad; Kevorkov, Dmytro; Medraj, Mamoun
2008-01-01
Thermodynamic modelling of the Mg-Cu-Y system is carried out as a part of thermodynamic database construction for Mg alloys. This system is being modelled for the first time using the modified quasichemical model which considers the presence of short range ordering in the liquid. A self-consistent thermodynamic database for the Mg-Cu-Y system was constructed by combining the thermodynamic descriptions of the constituent binaries, Mg-Cu, Cu-Y, and Mg-Y. All the three binaries have been re-optimized based on the experimental phase equilibrium and thermodynamic data available in the literature. The constructed database is used to calculate and predict thermodynamic properties, the binary phase diagrams and liquidus projections of the ternary Mg-Cu-Y system. The current calculation results are in good agreement with the experimental data reported in the literature
Phase diagram of a model of the protein amelogenin
Haaga, Jason; Pemberton, Elizabeth; Gunton, J. D.; Rickman, J. M.
2016-08-01
There has been considerable recent interest in the self-assembly and phase behavior of models of colloidal and protein particles with anisotropic interactions. One example of particular interest is amelogenin, an important protein involved in the formation of dental enamel. Amelogenin is primarily hydrophobic with a 25-residue charged C-terminus tail. This protein undergoes a hierarchical assembly process that is crucial to mineral deposition, and experimental work has demonstrated that the deletion of the C-terminus tail prevents this self-assembly. A simplified model of amelogenin has been proposed in which the protein is treated as a hydrophobic sphere, interacting via the Asakura-Oosawa (AO) potential, with a tethered point charge on its surface. In this paper, we examine the effect of the Coulomb interaction between the point charges in altering the phase diagram of the AO model. For the parameter case specific to amelogenin, we find that the previous in vitro experimental and model conditions correspond to the system being near the low-density edge of the metastable region of the phase diagram. Our study illustrates more generally the importance of understanding the phase diagram for proteins, in that the kinetic pathway for self-assembly and the resulting aggregate morphology depends on the location of the initial state in the phase diagram.
A proposed phase equilibrium diagram for Pt-Zr system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Arias, D.E.; Gribaudo, L.
1993-01-01
A revision of the phase diagram of the Pt-Zr system is presented using up to date information from recent publications. The proposed change concerning the invariant transformation in the Pt-rich zone is supported by simplified thermodynamic evaluations. (author). 12 refs., 1 fig
Riparian Sediment Delivery Ratio: Stiff Diagrams and Artifical Neural Networks
Various methods are used to estimate sediment transport through riparian buffers and grass jilters with the sediment delivery ratio having been the most widely applied. The U.S. Forest Service developed a sediment delivery ratio using the stiff diagram and a logistic curve to int...
Stabilization diagrams using operational modal analysis and sliding filters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Olsen, Peter; Juul, Martin Ørum Ørhem; Tarpø, Marius Glindtvad
2017-01-01
This paper presents a filtering technique for doing effective operational modal analysis. The result of the filtering method is construction of stabilization diagram that clearly separates physical poles from spurious noise poles needed for unbiased fitting. A band pass filter is moved slowly over...
Introducing the Circular Flow Diagram to Business Students
Daraban, Bogdan
2010-01-01
The circular flow of income diagram is a simplified representation of the functioning of a free-market economic system. It illustrates how businesses interact with the other economic participants within the key macroeconomic markets that coordinate the flow of income through the national economy. Therefore, it can provide students of business with…
Phase diagram for droplet impact on superheated surfaces
Staat, Erik-Jan; Tran, Tuan; Geerdink, B.M.; Riboux, G.; Sun, Chao; Gordillo, J.M.; Lohse, Detlef
2015-01-01
We experimentally determine the phase diagram for impacting ethanol droplets on a smooth, sapphire surface in the parameter space of Weber number We versus surface temperature T. We observe two transitions, namely the one towards splashing (disintegration of the droplet) with increasing We, and the
Integrating Mathematics and Science: Ecology and Venn Diagrams
Leszczynski, Eliza; Munakata, Mika; Evans, Jessica M.; Pizzigoni, Francesca
2014-01-01
Efforts to integrate mathematics and science have been widely recognized by mathematics and science educators. However, successful integration of these two important school disciplines remains a challenge. In this article, a mathematics and science activity extends the use of Venn diagrams to a life science context and then circles back to a…
Equations of State and Phase Diagrams of Ammonia
Glasser, Leslie
2009-01-01
We present equations of state relating the phases and a three-dimensional phase diagram for ammonia with its solid, liquid, and vapor phases, based on fitted authentic experimental data and including recent information on the high-pressure solid phases. This presentation follows similar articles on carbon dioxide and water published in this…
Block diagrams of the radar interface and control unit
Collier, J. W.
1989-01-01
The Interface and Control Unit is the heart of the radar module, which occupies one complex channel of the High-Speed Data Acquisition System of the Goldstone Solar System Radar. Block diagrams of the interface unit are presented as an aid to understanding its operation and interconnections to the rest of the radar module.
Interpreting Evolutionary Diagrams: When Topology and Process Conflict
Catley, Kefyn M.; Novick, Laura R.; Shade, Courtney K.
2010-01-01
The authors argue that some diagrams in biology textbooks and the popular press presented as depicting evolutionary relationships suggest an inappropriate (anagenic) conception of evolutionary history. The goal of this research was to provide baseline data that begin to document how college students conceptualize the evolutionary relationships…
Phase diagram of compressively strained nickelate thin films
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Disa, Ankit S [Yale University; Kumah, D. [Yale University; Ngai, J H [Yale University; Specht, Eliot D [ORNL; Arena, D.A. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Walker, Frederick J. [Yale University; Ahn, Charles H. [Yale University
2013-01-01
The complex phase diagrams of strongly correlated oxides arise from the coupling between physical and electronic structure. This can lead to a renormalization of the phase boundaries when considering thin films rather than bulk crystals due to reduced dimensionality and epitaxial strain. The well-established bulk RNiO3 phase diagram shows a systematic dependence between the metal-insulator transition and the perovskite A-site rare-earth ion, R. Here, we explore the equivalent phase diagram for nickelate thin films under compressive epitaxial strain. We determine the metalinsulator phase diagram for the solid solution of Nd1-yLayNiO3 thin films within the range 0 y 1. We find qualitative similarity between the films and their bulk analogs, but with an overall renormalization in the metal-insulator transition to lower temperature. A combination of x-ray diffraction measurements and soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy indicates that the renormalization is due to increased Ni O bond hybridization for coherently strained thin films.
Application of Analytic Geometry to Ternary and Quaternary Diagrams.
MacCarthy, Patrick
1986-01-01
Advantages of representing ternary and quaternary composition diagrams by means of rectangular coordinates were pointed out in a previous paper (EJ 288 693). A further advantage of that approach is that analytic geometry, based on rectangular coordinates, is directly applicable as demonstrated by the examples presented. (JN)
A real-time execution semantics for UML activity diagrams
Eshuis, H.; Wieringa, Roelf J.; Hussmann, Heinrich
We define a formal execution semantics for UML activity diagrams that is appropriate for workflow modelling. Our semantics is aimed at the requirements level by assuming that software state changes do not take time. It is based upon the STATEMATE semantics of statecharts, extended with some
Zone diagrams in compact subsets of uniformly convex normed spaces
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Kopecká, Eva; Reem, D.; Reich, S.
2012-01-01
Roč. 188, č. 1 (2012), s. 1-23 ISSN 0021-2172 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : zone diagrams Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.646, year: 2012 http://www.springerlink.com/content/w671758286258j62/
Visualising Knowledge from Chat Debates in Argument Diagrams
Salminen, T.; Marttunen, M.; Laurinen, L.
2010-01-01
This study investigates whether combining chat discussion and construction of an argument diagram stimulates students to formulate new ideas in practising argumentation. In this study, 16 secondary school students discussed vivisection and gender equality in pairs using both free and structured chat tools. In structured chat, the students selected…
A cautionary tale of interpreting O-C diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Skarka, M.; Liska, J.; Dreveny, R.
2018-01-01
We present a comprehensive study of Z CVn, an RR Lyrae star that shows long-term cyclic variations of its pulsation period. A possible explanation suggested from the shape of the O-C diagram is the light travel-time effect, which we thoroughly examine. We used original photometric and spectroscop...
Investigating the QCD phase diagram with hadron multiplicities at NICA
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Becattini, F. [Universita di Firenze (Italy); INFN, Firenze (Italy); Stock, R. [Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
2016-08-15
We discuss the potential of the experimental programme at NICA to investigate the QCD phase diagram and particularly the position of the critical line at large baryon-chemical potential with accurate measurements of particle multiplicities. We briefly review the present status and we outline the tasks to be accomplished both theoretically and the experimentally to make hadronic abundances a sensitive probe. (orig.)
Bifurcation diagrams in relation to synchronization in chaotic systems
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We numerically study some of the three-dimensional dynamical systems which exhibit complete synchronization as well as generalized synchronization to show that these systems can be conveniently partitioned into equivalent classes facilitating the study of bifurcation diagrams within each class. We demonstrate how ...
Advanced quantum theory and its applications through Feynman diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Scadron, M.D.
1979-01-01
The two themes of scattering diagrams and the fundamental forces characterize this book. Transformation theory is developed to review the concepts of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics and to formulate the relativistic Klein-Gordon, Maxwell, and Dirac wave equations for relativistic spin-0, massless spin-1, and spin-1/2 particles, respectively. The language of group theory is used to write relativistic Lorentz transformations in a form similar to ordinary rotations and to describe the important discrete symmetries of C, P, and T. Then quantum mechanics is reformulated in the language of scattering theory, with the momentum-space S matrix replacing the coordinate-space hamiltonian as the central dynamical operator. Nonrelativistic perturbation scattering diagrams are then developed, and simple applications given for nuclear, atomic, and solid-state scattering problems. Next, relativistic scattering diagrams built up from covariant Feynman propagators and vertices in a manner consistent with the CPT theorem are considered. The theory is systematically applied to the lowest-order fundamental electromagnetic, strong, weak, and gravitational interactions. Finally, the use of higher-order Feynman diagrams to explain more detailed aspects of quantum electrodynamics (QED) and strong-interaction elementary-particle physics is surveyed. Throughout, the notion of currents is used to exploit the underlying symmetries and dynamical interactions of the various quantum forces. 258 references, 77 figures, 1 table
Generalized balanced power diagrams for 3D representations of polycrystals
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Alpers, Andreas; Brieden, Andreas; Gritzmann, Peter
2015-01-01
Characterizing the grain structure of polycrystalline material is an important task in material science. The present paper introduces the concept of generalized balanced power diagrams as a concise alternative to voxelated mappings. Here, each grain is represented by (measured approximations of...
The Effect of Diagrams on Online Reading Processes and Memory
McCrudden, Matthew T.; Magliano, Joseph P.; Schraw, Gregory
2011-01-01
This work examined how adjunct displays influence college readers' moment-by-moment processing of text and the products of reading, using reading time (Experiments 1 & 2), and think-aloud methodologies (Experiment 3). Participants did or did not study a diagram before reading a text. Overall, the reading time data, think-aloud data, and recall…
Approximate Solutions of Interactive Dynamic Influence Diagrams Using Model Clustering
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zeng, Yifeng; Doshi, Prashant; Qiongyu, Cheng
2007-01-01
Interactive dynamic influence diagrams (I-DIDs) offer a transparent and semantically clear representation for the sequential decision-making problem over multiple time steps in the presence of other interacting agents. Solving I-DIDs exactly involves knowing the solutions of possible models...
4d-polytopes described by Coxeter diagrams and quaternions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Koca, Mehmet, E-mail: kocam@squ.edu.o [Sultan Qaboos University College of Science, Physics Department P.O Box 36, Al-Khoudh, 123 Muscat (Oman)
2011-03-01
4D-polytopes and their dual polytopes can be described as the orbits of the rank-4 Coxeter-Weyl groups. Their symmetries follow from the quaternionic descriptions of the rank-4 Coxeter-Dynkin diagrams. There exists a one to one correspondence between the finite subgroups of quaternions and the rank-4 Coxeter-Weyl groups.
Energy Diagram for the Catalytic Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide
Tatsuoka, Tomoyuki; Koga, Nobuyoshi
2013-01-01
Drawing a schematic energy diagram for the decomposition of H[subscript 2]O[subscript 2] catalyzed by MnO[subscript 2] through a simple thermometric measurement outlined in this study is intended to integrate students' understanding of thermochemistry and kinetics of chemical reactions. The reaction enthalpy, delta[subscript r]H, is…
Stability field diagrams for Ln–O–Cl systems
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Abstract. Isothermal stability field diagrams for Ln−O−Cl systems (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy,. Ho, Er, Tm, Yb) are developed by taking partial pressures of volatile components oxygen and chlorine as variables. Thermodynamic properties of all the oxides and trichlorides (LnCl3) are available in the literature.
MICRO-Foundations in Strategic Management: Squaring Coleman's Diagram
J.J. Vromen (Jack)
2010-01-01
textabstractAbell, Felin and Foss argue that "macro-explanations" in strategic management, explanations in which organizational routines figure prominently and in which both the explanandum and explanans are at the macro-level, are necessarily incomplete. They take a diagram (which has the form of a
Magnetic phase diagrams from non-collinear canonical band theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Shallcross, Sam; Nordstrom, L.; Sharma, S.
2007-01-01
to construct phase diagrams of magnetic order for the fcc and bcc lattices. Several examples of non-collinear magnetism are seen to be canonical in origin, in particular, that of gamma-Fe. In this approach, the determination of magnetic stability results solely from changes in kinetic energy due to spin...
The impact of traffic dynamics on macroscopic fundamental diagram
Knoop, V.L.; Hoogendoorn, S.P.; Van Lint, J.W.C.
2013-01-01
Literature shows that – under specific conditions – the macroscopic fundamental diagram (MFD) describes a crisp relationship between the average flow (production) and the average density in an entire network. The limiting condition is that traffic conditions must be homogeneous over the whole
Phase diagrams for geoscientists an atlas of the Earth's interior
Gasparik, Tibor
2014-01-01
Presented in this new, full-color edition, with the first polychrome phase diagrams to be published, this geoscientific atlas is backed by the author's unrivalled dataset, and amounts to the most complete survey yet of phase relations in Earth's chemistry.
FeynEdit—a tool for drawing Feynman diagrams
Hahn, T.; Lang, P.
2008-12-01
We describe the FeynEdit tool for drawing Feynman diagrams. Input and output is done using the ? macros of FeynArts, which also implies that diagrams drawn by FeynArts can be edited with FeynEdit. The ? code can be conveniently transferred using copy-and-paste. Program summaryProgram title: FeynEdit Catalogue identifier: AEBX_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEBX_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 31 729 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 500 240 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Java Computer: All Java-capable platforms Operating system: Linux, Mac OS, Windows RAM: 1-2 MBytes Classification: 4.4 Nature of problem: Graphical editing of Feynman diagrams. Solution method: The user copy-and-pastes the LaTeX code of the Feynman diagram into the editor, clicks a button to visualize the diagram, modifies it using the mouse, and finally copy-and-pastes it back into the text. Restrictions: Propagators are presently drawn only as straight lines. This is largely for performance reasons and may be added in a future version. It is not a serious deficit because that information can easily be added in the LaTeX code. Unusual features: Uses FeynArts' LaTeX representation for input and output Running time: User-dependent
Pourbaix diagrams for the system copper-chlorine at 5-100 deg C
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Beverskog, B. [Studsvik Material AB, Nykoeping (Sweden); Puigdomenech, I. [Studsvik Eco and Safety AB, Nykoeping (Sweden)
1998-04-01
Pourbaix diagrams for the copper-chlorine system in the temperature interval 5-100 deg C have been revised. Predominance diagrams for dissolved copper containing species have also been calculated. Two different total concentrations of each dissolved element, 10{sup -4} and 10{sup -6} molal for copper and 0.2 and 1.5 molal for chlorine have been used in the calculations. Chloride is the predominating chlorine species in aqueous solutions. Presence of chloride increases the corrosion regions of copper at the expense of the immunity and passivity regions in the Pourbaix diagrams. CuCl{sub 2} {center_dot} 3Cu(OH){sub 2} is the only copper-chloride solid phase that forms at the concentrations of chlorine studied. However, its stability area decreases with increasing temperature. The ion CuCl{sub 2}{sup -} predominates at all temperatures at [Cl(aq)]{sub tot}=0.2 molal and this reduces the immunity and passivity areas. A corrosion region exists between the immunity and passivity regions at 100 deg C at [Cu(aq)]{sub tot}=10{sup -6} and [Cl(aq)]{sub tot}=0.2 molal. At the chlorine concentration of 1.5 molal the corrosion region exists in the whole temperature range investigated. The ion CuCl{sub 3}{sup 2-} predominates at 5-25 and 100 deg C, while CuCl{sub 2}{sup -} predominates at 50-80 deg C at [Cl(aq)]{sub tot=}1-5 molal. A copper concentration of 10{sup -4} molal reduces the corrosion areas due to expansion of the immunity and passivity areas. However, a corrosion region still exists between the immunity and passivity regions at all investigated temperatures at pH{sub {Tau}}<9.5 and 1.5 molal chloride concentration. According to our calculations the copper canisters in the deep nuclear waste repository should not corrode at the copper concentration of 10{sup -6} molal and the chloride concentration of 0.2 molal. However, at 80-100 deg C the equilibrium potentials postulated for the Swedish nuclear repository are dangerously close to a corrosion situation. According to
de Leng, Bas; Gijlers, Aaltje H.
2015-01-01
Aim: To examine how collaborative diagramming affects discussion and knowledge construction when learning complex basic science topics in medical education, including its effectiveness in the reformulation phase of problem-based learning. Methods: Opinions and perceptions of students (n = 70) and
... Alcohol Calorie Calculator Weekly Total 0 Calories Alcohol Calorie Calculator Find out the number of beer and ... Calories College Alcohol Policies Interactive Body Calculators Alcohol Calorie Calculator Alcohol Cost Calculator Alcohol BAC Calculator Alcohol ...
Gd5(SixGe1−x)4 system – updated phase diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Melikhov, Yevgen; Hadimani, R.L.; Raghunathan, Arun
2015-01-01
Gd 5 (Si x Ge 1−x ) 4 for 0.41
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kumok, V.N.; Kuleshova, O.M.
1984-01-01
A recommended scheme of using the Kusik-Meissner equations for assessment of the solubility product (SP) and free energy of the salt formation from the solubility diagrams of water-salt systems is described. Values of an adjusting parameter of an approximation equation for calculating the stoichiometric coefficients of activity of salts (nitrates, sulfates, chlorides) of Cs, Be, Sr, Cd, Sc, Y, La, Th, UO 2 +2 and other metals are presented. Data on SP calculation at 25 deg C are given for the BeSO 4 -UO 2 SO 4 -H 2 O system. The method is recommended for a wide application in estimation of thermodynamic properties of salts
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hovestreydt, E.; Karlsruhe Univ.; Parthe, E.; Benedict, U.
1987-01-01
A Fortran 77 computer program is described which allows the simulation of energy dispersive X-ray and synchrotron powder diffraction diagrams. The input consists of structural data (space group, unit cell dimensions, atomic positional and displacement parameters) and information on the experimental conditions (chosen Bragg angle, type of X-ray tube and applied voltage or operating power of synchrotron radiation source). The output consists of the normalized intensities of the diffraction lines, listed by increasing energy (in keV), and of an optional intensity-energy plot. The intensities are calculated with due consideration of the wave-length dependence of both the anomalous dispersion and the absorption coefficients. For a better agreement between observed and calculated spectra provision is made to optionally superimpose, on the calculated diffraction line spectrum, all additional lines such as fluorescence and emission lines and escape peaks. The different effects which have been considered in the simulation are discussed in some detail. A sample calculation of the energy dispersive powder diffraction pattern of UPt 3 (Ni 3 Sn structure type) is given. Warning: the user of ENDIX should be aware that for a successful application it is necessary to adapt the program to correspond to the actual experimental conditions. Even then, due to the only approximately known values of certain functions, the agreement between observed and calculated intensities will not be as good as for angle dispersive diffraction methods
Application of FIRE for the calculation of photon matrix elements
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
In order to evaluate the two-loop Feynman diagrams for the photon matrix element of the gluon operator, I apply the recently developed algorithm FIRE which reduces a complicated sum of scalar Feynman integrals to a linear combination of a few master integrals. The details of the calculation are presented.
Calculation of the hyperfine interaction using an effective-operator form of many-body theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Garpman, S.; Lindgren, I.; Lindgren, J.; Morrison, J.
1975-01-01
The effective-operator form of many-body theory is reviewed and applied to the calculation of the hyperfine structure. Numerical results are given for the 2p, 3p, and 4p excited states of Li and the 3p state of Na. This is the first complete calculation of the hyperfine structure using an effective-operator form of perturbation theory. As in the Brueckner-Goldstone form of many-body theory, the various terms in the perturbation expansion are represented by Feynman diagrams which correspond to basic physical processes. The angular part of the perturbation diagrams are evaluated by taking advantage of the formal analogy between the Feynman diagrams and the angular-momentum diagrams, introduced by Jucys et al. The radial part of the diagrams is calculated by solving one- and two-particle equations for the particular linear combination of excited states that contribute to the Feynman diagrams. In this way all second- and third-order effects are accurately evaluated without explicitly constructing the excited orbitals. For the 2p state of Li our results are in agreement with the calculations of Nesbet and of Hameed and Foley. However, our quadrupole calculation disagrees with the work of Das and co-workers. The many-body results for Li and Na are compared with semiempirical methods for evaluating the quadrupole moment from the hyperfine interaction, and a new quadrupole moment of 23 Na is given
Singh, Inderbir; Kumar, Pradeep
2012-01-01
The direct compression suitability of active pharmaceutical ingredients could be studied by SeDeM diagram method. Cefuroxime axetil (CfA) and paracetamol (PCM) were employed for SeDeM studies as these powders are well-characterized and known to be particularly difficult with respect to flowability and compactibility. Twelve different selected pharmacotechnical parameters were determined experimentally and were treated mathematically for being expressed in graphic representation as SeDeM diagram. Parameter index, parameter profile index and good compression index were calculated for both the selected drugs. Good compression index was found to be 2.19 and 1.36 for CfA and PCM, respectively, indicating poor direct compression characteristics of the selected drugs. The results from this SeDeM diagram method are in line with the previously reported studies where it was established as a reliable method for preformulation studies and as a quality control tool for studying batch-to-batch reproducibility of API's. Furthermore, it once again established the notion that blending poorly compressible drugs with suitable ingredients followed by SeDeM studies could be used as method for identifying best excipient and calculating maximum amount of excipient required for direct compression of API.
Temperature calculation in fire safety engineering
Wickström, Ulf
2016-01-01
This book provides a consistent scientific background to engineering calculation methods applicable to analyses of materials reaction-to-fire, as well as fire resistance of structures. Several new and unique formulas and diagrams which facilitate calculations are presented. It focuses on problems involving high temperature conditions and, in particular, defines boundary conditions in a suitable way for calculations. A large portion of the book is devoted to boundary conditions and measurements of thermal exposure by radiation and convection. The concepts and theories of adiabatic surface temperature and measurements of temperature with plate thermometers are thoroughly explained. Also presented is a renewed method for modeling compartment fires, with the resulting simple and accurate prediction tools for both pre- and post-flashover fires. The final chapters deal with temperature calculations in steel, concrete and timber structures exposed to standard time-temperature fire curves. Useful temperature calculat...
The phase diagram and transport properties of MgO from theory and experiment
Shulenburger, Luke
2013-06-01
Planetary structure and the formation of terrestrial planets have received tremendous interest due to the discovery of so called super-earth exoplanets. MgO is a major constituent of Earth's mantle, the rocky cores of gas giants and is a likely component of the interiors of many of these exoplanets. The high pressure - high temperature behavior of MgO directly affects equation of state models for planetary structure and formation. In this work, we examine MgO under extreme conditions using experimental and theoretical methods to determine its phase diagram and transport properties. Using plate impact experiments on Sandia's Z facility the solid-solid phase transition from B1 to B2 is clearly determined. The melting transition, on the other hand, is subtle, involving little to no signal in us-up space. Theoretical work utilizing density functional theory (DFT) provides a complementary picture of the phase diagram. The solid-solid phase transition is identified through a series of quasi-harmonic phonon calculations and thermodynamic integration, while the melt boundary is found using phase coexistence calculations. One issue of particular import is the calculation of reflectivity along the Hugoniot and the influence of the ionic structure on the transport properties. Particular care is necessary because of the underestimation of the band gap and attendant overestimation of transport properties due to the use of semi-local density functional theory. We will explore the impact of this theoretical challenge and its potential solutions in this talk. The integrated use of DFT simulations and high-accuracy shock experiments together provide a comprehensive understanding of MgO under extreme conditions. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Company, for the U.S. DOE's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.
Phase diagram of a diluted surface of a disordered Ising film
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bengrine, M.; Benyoussef, A.; Ez-Zahraouy, H.; Mhirech, F.
1998-09-01
The effects of amorphized film and diluted surface on phase diagrams and magnetic properties of a spin-1/2 Ising film are investigated within a finite cluster approximation. Depending on the value of the concentration p of the dilution couplings at the surface, it is found that there exists a critical value p c , when increasing the thickness of the film the critical temperature T c decreases for p greater than p c , while it increases for p less than p c . Moreover, the critical concentration depends on the amorphization δ. Indeed, p c increasing with increasing δ. Besides, the phase diagram represented in (T c ,α), where α represents the strength of the strong coupling at the surface, shows that there exists a critical value of the amorphization δ c =δ c (p) for p not= 1, for δ≤δ c (p) a long range order occurs for any value of α at low temperature, while for δ>δ c (p) an order-disorder transition occurs at T=0 and α=α c (δ). Magnetization is calculated as a function of the amorphization δ, the concentration p and the strength α of the strong coupling. (author)
Modified Clemmow-Mullaly-Allis diagram for large-amplitude electromagnetic waves in magnetoplasmas
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Minami, K.; Mori, Y.; Takeda, S.
1975-02-01
A possible modification to the well known Clemmow- Mullaly-Allis diagram is analysed taking into account the radiation pressure force due to a large-amplitude electromagnetic field E in magnetoplasmas. We restrict ourselves here to the propagations parallel (the right and left-hand circularly polarized waves) and/or perpendicular (the ordinary and extraordinary modes) to the static magnetic field Bsub(o). We analyse electromagnetic waves incident normally on a semi-infinite uniform plasma, on which Bsub(o) is applied parallel and/or perpendicular to the surface. Considerations are limited to a cold collisionless plasma where the incident waves are evanescent. Simple expressions are obtained for the cut-off conditions of the waves except the extraordinary mode. In the latter case, the cut-off condition is calculated numerically solving an integral equation. The results are demonstrated in the usual Clemmow-Mullaly-Allis diagram for the various values of b=2Esub(i) 2 e 2 /mω 2 kappaTsub(e') where Esub(i) and ω are, respectively, the amplitude and the angular frequency of the incident wave. The cut-off lines are shown to move towards the higher densities with increasing b. (auth.)
Structural Phase Diagram for Multi-lamellar Tubular Deformations of Lipid Mesophases
Tayebi, Lobat; Parikh, Atul
2011-03-01
Stable multi-lamellar cylindrical tubules protrude readily from concentrated mass of amphiphilic molecules in response to a variety of external stresses. Using energetic considerations, we have developed an phase diagram, predicting various types of morphologies of equilibrium multilamellar tubular deformations that stabilize for a broad range of their bending rigidity and surface tension values. Tubular morphologies are described in terms of core radius(rc) and number of lamellae(N). Results of the calculations reveal that emergent tubular morphologies can be classified into three major classes: (1) thin tethers (small rc and low N); (2) solid tubes (high N); and (3) hollow tubes (large rc and and low N). Experimental validation of these predictions is obtained in experiments involving hydration of dry stack lipids Here, tubular deformations, referred to as myelin figures, of all predicted morphologies form in separate populations. Furthermore, the phase diagram also sheds light on a long-standing question of the determinants of the thickness of such myelin figures.
Retrieval phase diagrams of non-monotonic Hopfield networks
Inoue, Jun-ichi
1996-08-01
We investigate the retrieval phase diagrams of an asynchronous fully connected attractor network with non-monotonic transfer function by means of a mean-field approximation. We find for the noiseless zero-temperature case that this non-monotonic Hopfield network can store more patterns than a network with monotonic transfer function investigated by Amit et al. Properties of retrieval phase diagrams of non-monotonic networks agree with the results obtained by Nishimori and Opris who treated synchronous networks. We also investigate the optimal storage capacity of the non-monotonic Hopfield model with state-dependent synaptic couplings introduced by Zertuche et al. We show that the non-monotonic Hopfield model with state-dependent synapses stores more patterns than the conventional Hopfield model. Our formulation can be easily extended to a general transfer function.
Magnetic phase diagrams of classical triangular and kagome antiferromagnets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gvozdikova, M V [Department of Physics, Kharkov National University, 61077 Kharkov (Ukraine); Melchy, P-E; Zhitomirsky, M E, E-mail: mike.zhitomirsky@cea.fr [Service de Physique Statistique, Magnetisme et Supraconductivite, UMR-E9001 CEA-INAC/UJF, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble (France)
2011-04-27
We investigate the effect of geometrical frustration on the H-T phase diagrams of the classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets on triangular and kagome lattices. The phase diagrams for the two models are obtained from large-scale Monte Carlo simulations. For the kagome antiferromagnet, thermal fluctuations are unable to lift degeneracy completely and stabilize translationally disordered multipolar phases. We find a substantial difference in the temperature scales of the order by disorder effect related to different degeneracy of the low- and the high-field classical ground states in the kagome antiferromagnet. In the low-field regime, the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition into a spin-nematic phase is produced by unbinding of half-quantum vortices.
Use of S-α diagram for representing tokamak equilibrium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Takahashi, H.; Chance, M.; Kessel, C.; LeBlanc, B.; Manickam, J.; Okabayashi, M.
1991-05-01
A use of the S-α diagram is proposed as a tool for representing the plasma equilibrium with a qualitative characterization of its stability through pattern recognition. The diagram is an effective tool for visually presenting the relationship between the shear and dimensionless pressure gradient of an equilibrium. In the PBX-M tokamak, an H-mode operating regime with high poloidal β and L-mode regime with high toroidal β, obtained using different profile modification techniques, are found to have distinct S-α trajectory patterns. Pellet injection into a plasma in the H-mode regime with high toroidal β, obtained using different profile modification techniques, are found to have distinct S-α trajectory patterns. Pellet injection into a plasma in the H-mode regime results in favorable qualities of both regimes. The β collapse process and ELM event also manifest themselves as characteristic changes in the S-α pattern
Phase Diagrams of Electrostatically Self-Assembled Amphiplexes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
V Stanic; M Mancuso; W Wong; E DiMasi; H Strey
2011-12-31
We present the phase diagrams of electrostatically self-assembled amphiplexes (ESA) comprised of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA), cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTACl), dodecane, pentanol, and water at three different NaCl salt concentrations: 100, 300, and 500 mM. This is the first report of phase diagrams for these quinary complexes. Adding a cosurfactant, we were able to swell the unit cell size of all long-range ordered phases (lamellar, hexagonal, Pm3n, Ia3d) by almost a factor of 2. The added advantage of tuning the unit cell size makes such complexes (especially the bicontinuous phases) attractive for applications in bioseparation, drug delivery, and possibly in oil recovery.
Stabilization diagrams using operationalmodal analysis and sliding filters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Olsen, Peter; Juul, Martin O.; Tarpø, Marius
2017-01-01
This paper presents a filtering technique for doing effective operational modal analysis. The result of the filtering method is construction of stabilization diagram that clearly separates physical poles from spurious noise poles needed for unbiased fitting. A band pass filter is moved slowly ove......(TDPR) system identification algorithm on simulated data.......This paper presents a filtering technique for doing effective operational modal analysis. The result of the filtering method is construction of stabilization diagram that clearly separates physical poles from spurious noise poles needed for unbiased fitting. A band pass filter is moved slowly over...... the entire frequency spectrum of the measured data, and poles in the band are identified for each new filter position. In this way all poles are identified many times, making the physical poles stand out to make them immediately identifiable. The technique is illustrated using the Time Domain Poly Reference...
Formal verification of Simulink/Stateflow diagrams a deductive approach
Zhan, Naijun; Zhao, Hengjun
2017-01-01
This book presents a state-of-the-art technique for formal verification of continuous-time Simulink/Stateflow diagrams, featuring an expressive hybrid system modelling language, a powerful specification logic and deduction-based verification approach, and some impressive, realistic case studies. Readers will learn the HCSP/HHL-based deductive method and the use of corresponding tools for formal verification of Simulink/Stateflow diagrams. They will also gain some basic ideas about fundamental elements of formal methods such as formal syntax and semantics, and especially the common techniques applied in formal modelling and verification of hybrid systems. By investigating the successful case studies, readers will realize how to apply the pure theory and techniques to real applications, and hopefully will be inspired to start to use the proposed approach, or even develop their own formal methods in their future work.
Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fellows, R.L. (ed.)
1993-02-26
The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This report is part A of Volume 3 concerning characterization, decontamination, and dismantlement.
Bifurcation diagram of a cubic three-parameter autonomous system
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lenka Barakova
2005-07-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we study the cubic three-parameter autonomous planar system $$displaylines{ dot x_1 = k_1 + k_2x_1 - x_1^3 - x_2,cr dot x_2 = k_3 x_1 - x_2, }$$ where $k_2, k_3$ are greater than 0. Our goal is to obtain a bifurcation diagram; i.e., to divide the parameter space into regions within which the system has topologically equivalent phase portraits and to describe how these portraits are transformed at the bifurcation boundaries. Results may be applied to the macroeconomical model IS-LM with Kaldor's assumptions. In this model existence of a stable limit cycles has already been studied (Andronov-Hopf bifurcation. We present the whole bifurcation diagram and among others, we prove existence of more difficult bifurcations and existence of unstable cycles.
TIME-TEMPERATURE-TRANSFORMATION (TTT) DIAGRAMS FOR FUTURE WASTE COMPOSITIONS
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Billings, A.; Edwards, T.
2010-01-01
As a part of the Waste Acceptance Product Specifications (WAPS) for Vitrified High-Level Waste Forms defined by the Department of Energy - Office of Environmental Management, the waste form stability must be determined for each of the projected high-level waste (HLW) types at the Savannah River Site (SRS). Specifically, WAPS 1.4.1 requires the glass transition temperature (T g ) to be defined and time-temperature-transformation (TTT) diagrams to be developed. The T g of a glass is an indicator of the approximate temperature where the supercooled liquid converts to a solid on cooling or conversely, where the solid begins to behave as a viscoelastic solid on heating. A TTT diagram identifies the crystalline phases that can form as a function of time and temperature for a given waste type or more specifically, the borosilicate glass waste form. In order to assess durability, the Product Consistency Test (PCT) was used and the durability results compared to the Environmental Assessment (EA) glass. The measurement of glass transition temperature and the development of TTT diagrams have already been performed for the seven Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) projected compositions as defined in the Waste Form Compliance Plan (WCP) and in SRNL-STI-2009-00025. Additional phase transformation information exists for other projected compositions, but overall these compositions did not cover composition regions estimated for future waste processing. To develop TTT diagrams for future waste types, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) fabricated two caches of glass from reagent grade oxides to simulate glass compositions which would be likely processed with and without Al dissolution. These were used for glass transition temperature measurement and TTT diagram development. The glass transition temperatures of both glasses were measured using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and were recorded to be 448 C and 452 C. Using the previous TTT diagrams as guidance
"Phase diagrams of Lecithin-based microemulsions containing Sodium Salicylate "
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
"Aboofazeli R
2000-08-01
Full Text Available Partial phase diagrams were constructed at 25°C to investigate the phase behaviour of systems composed of soybean lecithin, water, sodium salicylate, alcohol and isopropyl myristate. The lecithins used were the commercially available soy bean lecithins, namely E200 and E170 (phosphatidyl choline purities greater than 95% and 68-72% respectively. The cosurfactants employed were n-propanol, 2-propanol and n-butanol and these were used at lecithin/alcohol weight ratios (Km of 1:1 and 1.5:1. At a given Km, the aqueous phase consisted of a 2% w/w sodium salicylate solution. Phase diagrams showed the area of existence of a stable isotropic region along the surfactant/oil axis (i.e., reverse microemulsion area. The extension of the microemulsion domain was influenced by the purity of surfactant, the lecithin/alcohol weight ratios and the kind of the alcohol.
RNA secondary structure diagrams for very large molecules: RNAfdl.
Hecker, Nikolai; Wiegels, Tim; Torda, Andrew E
2013-11-15
There are many programs that can read the secondary structure of an RNA molecule and draw a diagram, but hardly any that can cope with 10(3) bases. RNAfdl is slow but capable of producing intersection-free diagrams for ribosome-sized structures, has a graphical user interface for adjustments and produces output in common formats. Source code is available under the GNU General Public License v3.0 at http://sourceforge.net/projects/rnafdl for Linux and similar systems or Windows using MinGW. RNAfdl is implemented in C, uses the Cairo 2D graphics library and offers both command line and graphical user interfaces. hecker@rth.dk
Bifurcation diagrams involving the linear integral of Yehia
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kharlamova, I I; Savushkin, A Y
2010-01-01
In the general case the Hamiltonian system with three degrees of freedom describing the motion of a rigid body in two constant forces does not admit any symmetry groups. Yehia (1986 Mech. Res. Commun. 13 169-72) found conditions under which the equations of motion of the Kowalevski-type top have an integral linear in angular velocities in addition to the energy integral. Later it was noticed that such an integral exists for the same force field for any dynamically symmetric top with the center of force applications in the equatorial plane. Thus, the corresponding system is the natural mechanical system with S 1 -symmetry and Smale's program of topological analysis can be fulfilled. Here we construct the bifurcation diagrams of the momentum map for this system and present various types of diagrams depending on one physical parameter.
Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fellows, R.L. (ed.)
1993-02-26
The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates envirorunental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. This volume, Volume 2, contains logic diagrams with an index. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use.
(Big Data, Diagram Aesthetics and the Question concerning Beauty
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Falk Heinrich
2016-03-01
The article’s introductory part presents some examples of data visualisations and introduces relevant notions of beauty and big data. The main part discusses the changes in our concept of beauty by analysing data visualisation in the light of conceptual art and its aesthetics of the sublime. Data visualizations present potentially unfathomable and complex information that is associated with the sublime, but represent data in a way that allows for understanding by means of imaginations, which are aspects of beauty. The article elaborates on the simultaneity of and oscillation between aesthetic beauty and the aesthetic sublime, by introducing Deleuze’s understandings of the concept of the diagram that is able to mediate between visualisation as representation and diagrams as performative machine of formation and displacement of data relations.
Mapping Isobaric Aging onto the Equilibrium Phase Diagram.
Niss, Kristine
2017-09-15
The linear volume relaxation and the nonlinear volume aging of a glass-forming liquid are measured, directly compared, and used to extract the out-of-equilibrium relaxation time. This opens a window to investigate how the relaxation time depends on temperature, structure, and volume in parts of phase space that are not accessed by the equilibrium liquid. It is found that the temperature dependence of relaxation time is non-Arrhenius even in the isostructural case-challenging the Adam-Gibbs entropy model. Based on the presented data and the idea that aging happens through quasiequilibrium states, we suggest a mapping of the out-of-equilibrium states during isobaric aging to the equilibrium phase diagram. This mapping implies the existence of isostructural lines in the equilibrium phase diagram. The relaxation time is found to depend on the bath temperature, density, and a just single structural parameter, referred to as an effective temperature.
Numerical Simulation of Nonperiodic Rail Operation Diagram Characteristics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yongsheng Qian
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper succeeded in utilizing cellular automata (CA model to simulate the process of the train operation under the four-aspect color light system and getting the nonperiodic diagram of the mixed passenger and freight tracks. Generally speaking, the concerned models could simulate well the situation of wagon in preventing trains from colliding when parking and restarting and of the real-time changes the situation of train speeds and displacement and get hold of the current train states in their departures and arrivals. Finally the model gets the train diagram that simulates the train operation in different ratios of the van and analyzes some parameter characters in the process of train running, such as time, speed, through capacity, interval departing time, and departing numbers.
Theoretical Prediction of Melting Relations in the Deep Mantle: the Phase Diagram Approach
Belmonte, D.; Ottonello, G. A.; Vetuschi Zuccolini, M.; Attene, M.
2016-12-01
Despite the outstanding progress in computer technology and experimental facilities, understanding melting phase relations in the deep mantle is still an open challenge. In this work a novel computational scheme to predict melting relations at HP-HT by a combination of first principles DFT calculations, polymer chemistry and equilibrium thermodynamics is presented and discussed. The adopted theoretical framework is physically-consistent and allows to compute multi-component phase diagrams relevant to Earth's deep interior in a broad range of P-T conditions by a convex-hull algorithm for Gibbs free energy minimisation purposely developed for high-rank simplexes. The calculated phase diagrams are in turn used as a source of information to gain new insights on the P-T-X evolution of magmas in the deep mantle, providing some thermodynamic constraints to both present-day and early Earth melting processes. High-pressure melting curves of mantle silicates are also obtained as by-product of phase diagram calculation. Application of the above method to the MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 (MAS) ternary system highlights as pressure effects are not only able to change the nature of melting of some minerals (like olivine and pyroxene) from eutectic to peritectic (and vice versa), but also simplify melting relations by drastically reducing the number of phases with a primary phase field at HP-HT conditions. It turns out that mineral phases like Majorite-Pyrope garnet and Anhydrous Phase B (Mg14Si5O24), which are often disregarded in modelling melting processes of mantle assemblages, are stable phases at solidus or liquidus conditions in a P-T range compatible with the mantle transition zone (i.e. P = 16 - 23 GPa and T = 2200 - 2700 °C) when their thermodynamic and thermophysical properties are properly assessed. Financial support to the Senior Author (D.B.) during his stay as Invited Scientist at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP, Paris) is warmly acknowledged.
Analytic two-loop results for self-energy- and vertex-type diagrams with one non-zero mass
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fleischer, J.; Kotikov, A.V.; Veretin, O.L.
1999-01-01
For a large class of two-loop self-energy- and vertex-type diagrams with only one non-zero mass (m) and the vertices also with only one non-zero external momentum squared (q 2 ) the first few expansion coefficients are calculated by the large mass expansion. This allows us to 'guess' the general structure of these coefficients and to verify them in terms of certain classes of 'basis elements', which are essentially harmonic sums. Since for this case with only one non-zero mass the large mass expansion and the Taylor series in terms of q 2 are identical, this approach yields analytic expressions of the Taylor coefficients, from which the diagram can be easily evaluated numerically in a large domain of the complex q 2 -plane by well known methods. It is also possible to sum the Taylor series and present the results in terms of polylogarithms
A (T-P) phase diagram of hydrogen storage on (N4C3H)6Li6.
Das, Ranjita; Chattaraj, Pratim Kumar
2012-03-29
Temperature-pressure phase diagrams are generated through the study of hydrogen adsorption on the (N(4)C(3)H)(6)Li(6) cluster at the B3LYP/6-31+G(d) level of theory. The possibility of hydrogen storage in an associated 3D functional material is also explored. Electronic structure calculations are performed to generate temperature-pressure phase diagrams so that the temperature-pressure zones are identified where the Gibbs free energy change associated with the hydrogen adsorption process on (N(4)C(3)H)(6)Li(6) cluster becomes negative and hence thermodynamically favorable. Both adsorption and desorption processes are likely to be kinetically feasible as well.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Neichev, Z; Benova, E; Gamero, A; Sola, A
2007-01-01
The purpose of this work is to investigate phase diagrams and electric field radial distribution of coaxial discharges, sustained by a traveling electromagnetic wave, assuming finite and infinite thickness of the discharge chamber in the model. The calculations are made for azimuthally symmetric and dipolar wave modes. The phase diagrams and the radial profiles of the electric field at various thicknesses of the outer dielectric tube of the chamber and different discharge conditions are obtained. For the purpose of low pressure coaxial plasma modelling, radial profiles of the electric field at different discharge conditions have been investigated experimentally and compared with the theoretical results
Chiral symmetry breaking in gauge theories from Reggeon diagram analysis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
White, A.R.
1991-01-01
It is argued that reggeon diagrams can be used to study dynamical properties of gauge theories containing a large number of massless fermions. SU(2) gauge theory is studied in detail and it is argued that there is a high energy solution which is analogous to the solution of the massless Schwinger model. A generalized winding-number condensate produces the massless pseudoscalar spectrum associated with chiral symmetry breaking and a ''trivial'' S-Matrix
Some remarks on non-planar Feynman diagrams
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bielas, Krzysztof; Dubovyk, Ievgen; Gluza, Janusz [Silesia Univ., Katowice (Poland). Inst. of Physics; Riemann, Tord [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany)
2013-12-15
Two criteria for planarity of a Feynman diagram upon its propagators (momentum ows) are presented. Instructive Mathematica programs that solve the problem and examples are provided. A simple geometric argument is used to show that while one can planarize non-planar graphs by embedding them on higher-genus surfaces (in the example it is a torus), there is still a problem with defining appropriate dual variables since the corresponding faces of the graph are absorbed by torus generators.
Studies on the QCD Phase Diagram at SPS and FAIR
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blume, Christoph
2013-01-01
A review of results of the energy scan program at the CERN-SPS by the NA49 experiment is given. Presented are observables related to the search for a critical point in the QCD phase diagram and for the onset of deconfinement. Furthermore, the ongoing experimental program of NA61 at the CRRN-SPS and the plans of the CBM experiment at FAIR are discussed.
Approximate Compilation of Constraints into Multivalued Decision Diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hadzic, Tarik; Hooker, John N.; O’Sullivan, Barry
2008-01-01
We present an incremental refinement algorithm for approximate compilation of constraint satisfaction models into multivalued decision diagrams (MDDs). The algorithm uses a vertex splitting operation that relies on the detection of equivalent paths in the MDD. Although the algorithm is quite gene...... by replacing the equivalence test with a constraint-specific measure of distance. We demonstrate the value of the approach for approximate and exact MDD compilation and evaluate its benefits in one of the main MDD application domains, interactive configuration....
Causal diagrams, the placebo effect, and the expectation effect
Shahar, Eyal; Shahar, Doron J
2013-01-01
Eyal Shahar,1 Doron J Shahar2 1Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, 2Department of Mathematics, College of Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA Abstract: Using causal diagrams, a formal research methodology, we analyzed several definitions of placebo and the placebo effect. We conclude that placebo is an ambiguous, redundant term and that the so-called placebo effect conceals far more interesting effects that are attributed t...
Zeros of Wronskians of Hermite polynomials and Young diagrams
Felder, G.; Hemery, A. D.; Veselov, A. P.
2012-12-01
For a certain class of partitions, a simple qualitative relation is observed between the shape of the Young diagram and the pattern of zeros of the Wronskian of the corresponding Hermite polynomials. In the case of the two-term Wronskian W(Hn,Hn+k), we give an explicit formula for the asymptotic shape of the zero set as n→∞. Some empirical asymptotic formulas are given for the zero sets of three-term and four-term Wronskians.
Interaction diagrams for composite columns exposed to fire
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Milanović Milivoje
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The bearing capacity of the cross section of composite column in fire conditions through changes in the interaction diagram 'bending moment-axialforce' were analyzed in this paper. The M-N interaction diagram presents the relationship between the intensities of the bending moment and the axial force as actions on the column cross section, or the relationship between the design value of the plastic resistance to axial compression of the total cross-section Npl, Rd and the design value of the bending moment resistance Mpl, Rd. It is well known that the temperature increase causes decrease of the load-bearing characteristics of the constitutive materials. This effect directly reflects on the reduction of the axial force and the bending moment that could be accepted by the column cross section. Interaction diagrams for three different types of column cross sections for five different maximal temperatures developed during the fire action were defined. For that purpose the software package SAFIR was used. The columns, materials and load characteristics, as well as all other terms and conditions, were taken in accordance with the relevant Eurocodes and the theory of composite columns.
Bifurcation Diagrams and Heteroclinic Networks of Octagonal H-Planforms
Faye, Grégory; Chossat, Pascal
2012-06-01
This paper completes the classification of bifurcation diagrams for H-planforms in the Poincaré disc {D} whose fundamental domain is a regular octagon. An H-planform is a steady solution of a PDE or integro-differential equation in {D}, which is invariant under the action of a lattice subgroup Γ of U(1,1), the group of isometries of {{D}}. In our case Γ generates a tiling of {D} with regular octagons. This problem was introduced as an example of spontaneous pattern formation in a model of image feature detection by the visual cortex where the features are assumed to be represented in the space of structure tensors. Under `generic' assumptions the bifurcation problem reduces to an ODE which is invariant by an irreducible representation of the group of automorphisms {G} of the compact Riemann surface {D}/\\varGamma . The irreducible representations of {G} have dimensions one, two, three and four. The bifurcation diagrams for the representations of dimensions less than four have already been described and correspond to well-known group actions. In the present work we compute the bifurcation diagrams for the remaining three irreducible representations of dimension four, thus completing the classification. In one of these cases, there is generic bifurcation of a heteroclinic network connecting equilibria with two different orbit types.
A new model of Ishikawa diagram for quality assessment
Liliana, Luca
2016-11-01
The paper presents the results of a study concerning the use of the Ishikawa diagram in analyzing the causes that determine errors in the evaluation of theparts precision in the machine construction field. The studied problem was"errors in the evaluation of partsprecision” and this constitutes the head of the Ishikawa diagram skeleton.All the possible, main and secondary causes that could generate the studied problem were identified. The most known Ishikawa models are 4M, 5M, 6M, the initials being in order: materials, methods, man, machines, mother nature, measurement. The paper shows the potential causes of the studied problem, which were firstly grouped in three categories, as follows: causes that lead to errors in assessing the dimensional accuracy, causes that determine errors in the evaluation of shape and position abnormalities and causes for errors in roughness evaluation. We took into account the main components of parts precision in the machine construction field. For each of the three categories of causes there were distributed potential secondary causes on groups of M (man, methods, machines, materials, environment/ medio ambiente-sp.). We opted for a new model of Ishikawa diagram, resulting from the composition of three fish skeletons corresponding to the main categories of parts accuracy.
Capturing intruders based on Voronoi diagrams assisted by information networks
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jonghoek Kim
2017-01-01
Full Text Available We consider a scenario of deploying multiple robots to capture all intruders in a cluttered workspace with many obstacles. Here, we say that a robot captures an intruder in the case where the intruder is within the maximum range of a weapon on the robot. All robots use the Voronoi diagram as the topological map of the workspace. Due to obstacles, intruders are confined to move along a passage between obstacles. Suppose the weapons on every robot are powerful enough to cover a passage in the workspace. Then, we can consider a simplified scenario such that robots and intruders are restricted to stay on the Voronoi diagram. We assume that a robot can detect the position of any intruder using the information network. This article presents an intruder capturing strategy that is robust to time delay in data transfer using the network. Our strategy does not require the localization of a node or a robot. Based on this strategy, we provide an upper bound for the minimum number of robots required to capture all intruders on a general graph, which leads to a result of the Voronoi diagram. Lastly, we provide MATLAB (version 7.10.0 R2010a simulations to verify the effectiveness of our capturing strategy.
Cuprate phase diagram and the influence of nanoscale inhomogeneities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zaki, N.; Yang, H. -B.; Rameau, J. D.; Johnson, P. D.; Claus, H.; Hinks, D. G.
2017-11-01
The phase diagram associated with high-Tc superconductors is complicated by an array of different ground states. The parent material represents an antiferromagnetic insulator but with doping superconductivity becomes possible with transition temperatures previously thought unattainable. The underdoped region of the phase diagram is dominated by the so-called pseudogap phenomena, whereby in the normal state the system mimics superconductivity in its spectral response but does not show the complete loss of resistivity associated with the superconducting state. An understanding of this regime presents one of the great challenges for the field. In the present study we revisit the structure of the phase diagram as determined in photoemission studies. By careful analysis of the role of nanoscale inhomogeneities in the overdoped region, we are able to more carefully separate out the gaps due to the pseudogap phenomena from the gaps due to the superconducting transition. Within a mean-field description, we are thus able to link the magnitude of the doping-dependent pseudogap directly to the Heisenberg exchange interaction term, J Sigma s(i)s(j), contained in the t - J model. This approach provides a clear indication that the pseudogap is associated with spin singlet formation.
Analysis of moving bottlenecks considering a triangular fundamental diagram
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Karim Fadhloun
2016-10-01
Full Text Available A significant number of research efforts have studied and analyzed the case in which a vehicle is moving slower than the traffic stream. This phenomenon, known as a moving bottleneck, results in a disruption of traffic flow and may significantly impact the traffic stream behavior upstream, downstream and abreast the slow moving vehicle. In this paper, a macroscopic approach for modeling moving bottlenecks is developed using microscopically derived data considering a triangular fundamental diagram. The passing flow rates of different moving bottleneck scenarios are determined using a previously developed microscopic model based on simulated data derived from the INTEGRATION software. Using the simulation results, an explicit expression of the bottleneck diagram, a flow-density relationship that defines the phenomenon macroscopically is proposed and the behavior of the traffic stream downstream and abreast the moving obstruction is depicted. It is demonstrated that the behavior of the traffic stream downstream of the slow vehicle as well as the acceleration behavior while passing is governed by the demand level. Such a result is coherent and consistent, to a significant extent, with two decades of research related to modeling moving bottlenecks and constitutes a potential feasible and more detailed description of the phenomenon in the case of a triangular fundamental diagram. Finally, it is noteworthy that the research subject of this paper could be considered as a first step in developing a numerical and practitioner-friendly framework for the analysis of moving bottlenecks that does not involve approaching the problem from its theoretical perspective.
Tools for the efficient use of the gas: Combustion diagrams
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amell Andres; Maya Ruben D
1997-01-01
In this work the results of an investigation carried out with the purpose of developing a fundamental tool related to the process of optimization of the combustion are presented: The combustion diagrams with the optimization are looked for using the maximum heat generated in the reaction and to avoid the production of pollutants, product of an incomplete combustion. This is carried out controlling the stability of the flame and the composition of the smoke by means of the adjustment of the ratio air/combustible basically and with a homogeneous mixture. A constant pursuit of the dry smoke allows to determine the presence of pollutants and to establish the combustion type. A valuable tool to establish the conditions in which this process is carried out, this is the combustion diagram; this diagram uses the values of the concentration of O2 and CO2 in the dry smoke, starting from the sampling of the products by an analyzer to determine the composition of these smoke, the percentage of air really used, the air in excess and the combustion type
PROCESS DIAGRAMS FOR INSTALLATION OF DRIVEN PILES IN PENETRATED WELLS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kovalev Vladimir Aleksandrovich
2017-03-01
Full Text Available This article presents the main options of improved and newly devised designs and process diagrams for installation of foundations made of driven, or jack, piles in the penetrated wells with expanded shoe, mainly in weak wet (waterlogged and water-saturated soils. The article presents six options of process diagrams for installation of driven piles in penetrated wells, listing the main procedures: for well-compacted weak soils, for the case when the water ingress is excluded, for the case when it is necessary to increase the load-bearing capacity of pile's bearing face in the waterlogged soils, for the case when the load-bearing capacity of the pile shall be increased both for the end and for the sides, for the case when peat or other biogenous water-saturated soils are present at the bottom of the well, and for the case when there is no contracted zone nor practical possibility to ensure the stability of the walls. The proposed six options of process diagrams for installation of the driven piles in penetrated wells provide expansion of their area of application regarding the soil conditions, increase of load-bearing capacity, and possibility of using jack systems for driving the piles under conditions of dense urban development.
Phase diagram of the triangular-lattice Potts antiferromagnet
Lykke Jacobsen, Jesper; Salas, Jesús; Scullard, Christian R.
2017-08-01
We study the phase diagram of the triangular-lattice Q-state Potts model in the real (Q, v) -plane, where v=e^J-1 is the temperature variable. Our first goal is to provide an obviously missing feature of this diagram: the position of the antiferromagnetic critical curve. This curve turns out to possess a bifurcation point with two branches emerging from it, entailing important consequences for the global phase diagram. We have obtained accurate numerical estimates for the position of this curve by combining the transfer-matrix approach for strip graphs with toroidal boundary conditions and the recent method of critical polynomials. The second goal of this work is to study the corresponding Ap-1 RSOS model on the torus, for integer p=4, 5, \\ldots, 8 . We clarify its relation to the corresponding Potts model, in particular concerning the role of boundary conditions. For certain values of p, we identify several new critical points and regimes for the RSOS model and we initiate the study of the flows between the corresponding field theories.
The shape of a strain-based failure assessment diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Budden, P.J.; Ainsworth, R.A.
2012-01-01
There have been a number of recent developments of strain-based fracture assessment approaches, including proposals by Budden [Engng Frac Mech 2006;73:537–52] for a strain-based failure assessment diagram (FAD) related to the conventional stress-based FAD. However, recent comparisons with finite element (FE) data have shown that this proposed strain-based FAD can be non-conservative in some cases, particularly for deeper cracks and materials with little strain-hardening capacity. Therefore, this paper re-examines the shape of the strain-based FAD, guided by these FE analyses and some theoretical analysis. On this basis, modified proposals for the shape of the strain-based FAD are given, including simplified and more detailed options in line with the options available for stress-based FADs in existing fitness-for-service procedures. The proposals are then illustrated by a worked example and by comparison with FE data, which demonstrate that the new proposals are generally conservative. - Highlights: ► The strain-based failure assessment diagram approach to fracture is developed. ► The new approach modifies earlier proposals by Budden. ► A new generic Option 1 strain-based failure assessment diagram is proposed. ► Validation based on finite element J data for plates and cylinders is presented. ► The new approach is generally conservative compared with the finite element data.
Low-resolution remeshing using the localized restricted voronoi diagram
Yan, Dongming
2014-10-01
A big problem in triangular remeshing is to generate meshes when the triangle size approaches the feature size in the mesh. The main obstacle for Centroidal Voronoi Tessellation (CVT)-based remeshing is to compute a suitable Voronoi diagram. In this paper, we introduce the localized restricted Voronoi diagram (LRVD) on mesh surfaces. The LRVD is an extension of the restricted Voronoi diagram (RVD), but it addresses the problem that the RVD can contain Voronoi regions that consist of multiple disjoint surface patches. Our definition ensures that each Voronoi cell in the LRVD is a single connected region. We show that the LRVD is a useful extension to improve several existing mesh-processing techniques, most importantly surface remeshing with a low number of vertices. While the LRVD and RVD are identical in most simple configurations, the LRVD is essential when sampling a mesh with a small number of points and for sampling surface areas that are in close proximity to other surface areas, e.g., nearby sheets. To compute the LRVD, we combine local discrete clustering with a global exact computation. © 1995-2012 IEEE.
Analytical phase diagrams for colloids and non-adsorbing polymer.
Fleer, Gerard J; Tuinier, Remco
2008-11-04
We review the free-volume theory (FVT) of Lekkerkerker et al. [Europhys. Lett. 20 (1992) 559] for the phase behavior of colloids in the presence of non-adsorbing polymer and we extend this theory in several aspects: (i) We take the solvent into account as a separate component and show that the natural thermodynamic parameter for the polymer properties is the insertion work Pi(v), where Pi is the osmotic pressure of the (external) polymer solution and v the volume of a colloid particle. (ii) Curvature effects are included along the lines of Aarts et al. [J. Phys.: Condens. Matt. 14 (2002) 7551] but we find accurate simple power laws which simplify the mathematical procedure considerably. (iii) We find analytical forms for the first, second, and third derivatives of the grand potential, needed for the calculation of the colloid chemical potential, the pressure, gas-liquid critical points and the critical endpoint (cep), where the (stable) critical line ends and then coincides with the triple point. This cep determines the boundary condition for a stable liquid. We first apply these modifications to the so-called colloid limit, where the size ratio q(R)=R/a between the radius of gyration R of the polymer and the particle radius a is small. In this limit the binodal polymer concentrations are below overlap: the depletion thickness delta is nearly equal to R, and Pi can be approximated by the ideal (van't Hoff) law Pi=Pi(0)=phi/N, where phi is the polymer volume fraction and N the number of segments per chain. The results are close to those of the original Lekkerkerker theory. However, our analysis enables very simple analytical expressions for the polymer and colloid concentrations in the critical and triple points and along the binodals as a function of q(R). Also the position of the cep is found analytically. In order to make the model applicable to higher size ratio's q(R) (including the so-called protein limit where q(R)>1) further extensions are needed. We
Experimenting with Automatic Text-to-Diagram Conversion: A Novel Teaching Aid for the Blind People
Mukherjee, Anirban; Garain, Utpal; Biswas, Arindam
2014-01-01
Diagram describing texts are integral part of science and engineering subjects including geometry, physics, engineering drawing, etc. In order to understand such text, one, at first, tries to draw or perceive the underlying diagram. For perception of the blind students such diagrams need to be drawn in some non-visual accessible form like tactile…
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Czejdo, Bogdan [ORNL; Bhattacharya, Sambit [North Carolina Fayetteville State University; Ferragut, Erik M [ORNL
2012-01-01
This paper describes the syntax and semantics of multi-level state diagrams to support probabilistic behavior of cooperating robots. The techniques are presented to analyze these diagrams by querying combined robots behaviors. It is shown how to use state abstraction and transition abstraction to create, verify and process large probabilistic state diagrams.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Keskin, Mustafa; Canko, Osman; Deviren, Bayram
2007-01-01
We analyze, within a mean-field approach, the stationary states of the kinetic spin-32 Blume-Capel (BC) model by the Glauber-type stochastic dynamics and subject to a time-dependent oscillating external magnetic field. The dynamic phase transition (DPT) points are obtained by investigating the behavior of the dynamic magnetization as a function of temperature and as well as calculating the Liapunov exponent. Phase diagrams are constructed in the temperature and crystal-field interaction plane. We find five fundamental types of phase diagrams for the different values of the reduced magnetic field amplitude parameter (h) in which they present a disordered, two ordered phases and the coexistences phase regions. The phase diagrams also exhibit a dynamic double-critical end point for 0 5.06
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Keskin, Mustafa [Department of Physics, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey)]. E-mail: keskin@erciyes.edu.tr; Canko, Osman [Department of Physics, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey); Deviren, Bayram [Department of Physics, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey)
2007-06-15
We analyze, within a mean-field approach, the stationary states of the kinetic spin-32 Blume-Capel (BC) model by the Glauber-type stochastic dynamics and subject to a time-dependent oscillating external magnetic field. The dynamic phase transition (DPT) points are obtained by investigating the behavior of the dynamic magnetization as a function of temperature and as well as calculating the Liapunov exponent. Phase diagrams are constructed in the temperature and crystal-field interaction plane. We find five fundamental types of phase diagrams for the different values of the reduced magnetic field amplitude parameter (h) in which they present a disordered, two ordered phases and the coexistences phase regions. The phase diagrams also exhibit a dynamic double-critical end point for 0
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chizhevskaya, S.N.; Shelimova, L.E.; Shestakov, V.A.
1997-01-01
Critical analysis of published experimental data on the diagram of the Bi-Te-Se ternary system state is accomplished. The refined version of the diagram of the Bi 2 Te 3 -Bi 2 Se 3 quasi-binary system is plotted. The sub-solidus area of this diagram is plotted for the first time on the basis of experimental data and thermo-dynamical calculations. The stratification cupola in a solid state is outlined and the supposition is made on the Bi 2 Te 2 Se compound formation by syntetic reaction. The crystallographic data on the solid solutions of the Bi 2 Te 3 -Bi 2 Se 3 cross section and Bi 2 Te 2 Se compound are generalized [ru
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gubbiotti, G.; Tacchi, S. [Istituto Officina dei Materiali del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (IOM-CNR), Sede di Perugia, c/o Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, Via A. Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Montoncello, F.; Giovannini, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra, Università di Ferrara, Via G. Saragat 1, I-44122 Ferrara (Italy); Madami, M.; Carlotti, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Geologia, Università di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Ding, J.; Adeyeye, A. O. [Information Storage Materials Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)
2015-06-29
The Brillouin light scattering technique has been exploited to study the angle-resolved spin wave band diagrams of squared Permalloy antidot lattice. Frequency dispersion of spin waves has been measured for a set of fixed wave vector magnitudes, while varying the wave vector in-plane orientation with respect to the applied magnetic field. The magnonic band gap between the two most dispersive modes exhibits a minimum value at an angular position, which exclusively depends on the product between the selected wave vector magnitude and the lattice constant of the array. The experimental data are in very good agreement with predictions obtained by dynamical matrix method calculations. The presented results are relevant for magnonic devices where the antidot lattice, acting as a diffraction grating, is exploited to achieve multidirectional spin wave emission.
Kim, C.-H.; Kreiner, J. M.; Zakrzewski, B.; Ogłoza, W.; Kim, H.-W.; Jeong, M.-J.
2018-04-01
A comprehensive catalog of 623 galactic eclipsing binary (EB) systems with eccentric orbits is presented with more than 2830 times of minima determined from the archived photometric data by various sky-survey projects and new photometric measurements. The systems are divided into two groups according to whether the individual system has a GCVS name or not. All the systems in both groups are further classified into three categories (D, A, and A+III) on the basis of their eclipse timing diagrams: 453 D systems showing just constantly displaced secondary minima, 139 A systems displaying only apsidal motion (AM), and 31 A+III systems exhibiting both AM and light-time effects. AM parameters for 170 systems (A and A+III systems) are consistently calculated and cataloged with basic information for all systems. Some important statistics for the AM parameters are discussed and compared with those derived for the eccentric EB systems in the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds.
An ordering heuristic for building Binary Decision Diagrams for fault-trees
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bouissou, M. [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France)
1997-12-31
Binary Decision Diagrams (BDD) have recently made a noticeable entry in the RAMS field. This kind of representation for boolean functions makes possible the assessment of complex fault-trees, both qualitatively (minimal cut-sets search) and quantitatively (exact calculation of top event probability). The object of the paper is to present a pre-processing of the fault-tree which ensures that the results given by different heuristics on the `optimized` fault-tree are not too sensitive to the way the tree is written. This property is based on a theoretical proof. In contrast with some well known heuristics, the method proposed is not based only on intuition and practical experiments. (author) 12 refs.
A program to evaluate closed diagrams algebraically for angular momentum coupled product operators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chang, B.D.; Wong, S.S.M.
1980-01-01
The many particle trace of a product operator, expressed in terms of angular-momentum coupled spherical tensor creation and annihilation operators, can be evaluated as the sum of the different ways or diagrams to contract all the single particle operators. In the coupled representation, the process of contraction involves recouplings of angular momenta and this can be tedious. The program is constructed to perform algebraically the contractions and the associated angular momentum recouplings. The output are (algebraic) expressions which can be used either as analytical results or as input to a separate program, CONTRACTION-COMPILER, constructed to write a Fortran code to carry out the numerical calculations. The primary motivation of the project is derived from the need of scalar and configuration traces in nuclear structure problems using spectral distribution methods. (orig./HSI)
An ordering heuristic for building Binary Decision Diagrams for fault-trees
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bouissou, M.
1997-01-01
Binary Decision Diagrams (BDD) have recently made a noticeable entry in the RAMS field. This kind of representation for boolean functions makes possible the assessment of complex fault-trees, both qualitatively (minimal cut-sets search) and quantitatively (exact calculation of top event probability). The object of the paper is to present a pre-processing of the fault-tree which ensures that the results given by different heuristics on the 'optimized' fault-tree are not too sensitive to the way the tree is written. This property is based on a theoretical proof. In contrast with some well known heuristics, the method proposed is not based only on intuition and practical experiments. (author)
Root Locus Algorithms for Programmable Pocket Calculators
Wechsler, E. R.
1983-01-01
Two algorithms are described which allow the plotting of individual points on a root locus diagram with or without time delay. The development was performed during the design of a continuous phase shifter used in the Baseband Antenna Combiner for the Deep Space Network (DSN). The algorithms, which are expected to be useful in similar DSN efforts, are simple enough to be implemented on a programmable pocket calculator. The coordinates of the open-loop zeros and poles, the gain constant K, and the time delay T are the data inputs.
Automated one-loop calculations with GOSAM
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cullen, Gavin [Edinburgh Univ. (United Kingdom). School of Physics and Astronomy; Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany); Greiner, Nicolas [Illinois Univ., Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics; Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Muenchen (Germany); Heinrich, Gudrun; Reiter, Thomas [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Muenchen (Germany); Luisoni, Gionata [Durham Univ. (United Kingdom). Inst. for Particle Physics Phenomenology; Mastrolia, Pierpaolo [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Muenchen (Germany); Padua Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica; Ossola, Giovanni [New York City Univ., NY (United States). New York City College of Technology; New York City Univ., NY (United States). The Graduate School and University Center; Tramontano, Francesco [European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland)
2011-11-15
We present the program package GoSam which is designed for the automated calculation of one-loop amplitudes for multi-particle processes in renormalisable quantum field theories. The amplitudes, which are generated in terms of Feynman diagrams, can be reduced using either D-dimensional integrand-level decomposition or tensor reduction. GoSam can be used to calculate one-loop QCD and/or electroweak corrections to Standard Model processes and offers the flexibility to link model files for theories Beyond the Standard Model. A standard interface to programs calculating real radiation is also implemented. We demonstrate the flexibility of the program by presenting examples of processes with up to six external legs attached to the loop. (orig.)
Automated one-loop calculations with GOSAM
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cullen, Gavin; Greiner, Nicolas; Heinrich, Gudrun; Reiter, Thomas; Luisoni, Gionata
2011-11-01
We present the program package GoSam which is designed for the automated calculation of one-loop amplitudes for multi-particle processes in renormalisable quantum field theories. The amplitudes, which are generated in terms of Feynman diagrams, can be reduced using either D-dimensional integrand-level decomposition or tensor reduction. GoSam can be used to calculate one-loop QCD and/or electroweak corrections to Standard Model processes and offers the flexibility to link model files for theories Beyond the Standard Model. A standard interface to programs calculating real radiation is also implemented. We demonstrate the flexibility of the program by presenting examples of processes with up to six external legs attached to the loop. (orig.)
Pitfalls and feedback when constructing topological pressure-temperature phase diagrams
Ceolin, R.; Toscani, S.; Rietveld, Ivo B.; Barrio, M.; Tamarit, J. Ll.
2017-04-01
The stability hierarchy between different phases of a chemical compound can be accurately reproduced in a topological phase diagram. This type of phase diagrams may appear to be the result of simple extrapolations, however, experimental complications quickly increase in the case of crystalline trimorphism (and higher order polymorphism). To ensure the accurate positioning of stable phase domains, a topological phase diagram needs to be consistent. This paper gives an example of how thermodynamic feedback can be used in the topological construction of phase diagrams to ensure overall consistency in a phase diagram based on the case of piracetam crystalline trimorphism.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Temizer, Umuet [Department of Physics, Bozok University, 66100 Yozgat (Turkey); Kantar, Ersin [Institute of Science, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey); Keskin, Mustafa [Department of Physics, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey)], E-mail: keskin@erciyes.edu.tr; Canko, Osman [Department of Physics, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey)
2008-06-15
We study, within a mean-field approach, the stationary states of the kinetic Blume-Emery-Griffiths model with repulsive biquadratic coupling under the presence of a time-varying (sinusoidal) magnetic field. We employ the Glauber-type stochastic dynamics to construct set of dynamic equations of motion. The behavior of the time dependence of the order parameters and the behavior of the average order parameters in a period, which is also called the dynamic order parameters, as functions of the reduced temperature are investigated. The dynamic phase transition points are calculated and phase diagrams are presented in the reduced magnetic field amplitude and reduced temperature plane. The dynamical transition from one regime to the other can be of first- or second order depending on the region in the phase diagram. According to the values of the crystal field interaction or single-ion anisotropy constant and biquadratic exchange constant, we find 20 fundamental types of phase diagrams which exhibit many dynamic critical points, such as tricritical points, zero-temperature critical points, double critical end points, critical end point, triple point and multicritical point. Moreover, besides a disordered and ordered phases, seven coexistence phase regions exist in the system.
Ohata, Koji; Naruse, Hajime; Yokokawa, Miwa; Viparelli, Enrica
2017-11-01
Understanding of the formative conditions of fluvial bedforms is significant for both river management and geological studies. Diagrams showing bedform stability conditions have been widely used for the analyses of sedimentary structures. However, the use of discriminants to determine the boundaries of different bedforms regimes has not yet been explored. In this study, we use discriminant functions to describe formative conditions for a range of fluvial bedforms in a 3-D dimensionless parametric space. We do this by means of discriminant analysis using the Mahalanobis distance. We analyzed 3,793 available laboratory and field data and used these to produce new bedform phase diagrams. These diagrams employ three dimensionless parameters representing properties of flow hydraulics and sediment particles as their axes. The discriminant functions for bedform regimes proposed herein are quadratic functions of three dimensionless parameters and are expressed as curved surfaces in 3-D space. These empirical functions can be used to estimate paleoflow velocities from sedimentary structures. As an example of the reconstruction of hydraulic conditions, we calculated the paleoflow velocity of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki tsunami backwash flow from the sedimentary structures of the tsunami deposit. In so doing, we successfully reconstructed reasonable values of the paleoflow velocities.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bairi, Abderrahmane; Laraqi, Najib [Universite Paris-10, GTE Lab. d' Energetique et d' Economie d' Energie, Ville d' Avray, 92 (France)
2003-08-01
Analytical solutions for fast transient conduction in spherical and cylindrical geometries subject to sudden and violent thermal effects on its surface are presented in this paper. The numerical solutions are presented in the form of simple diagrams that can be easily and readily used in some engineering applications such as aeronautics, electronics, fire dynamics, tribology, metallurgy or food and agricultural technologies. These data are useful for the optimization of numerical codes in fluid mechanics in association with heat transfer and inverse methods for the determination of thermal characteristics of the surface phenomena in various cases. These diagrams are for specific ranges of Fo and Bi numbers corresponding to the fast transient problems characterized by weak Fourier numbers, associated with a large combination of dimensions of the body and values of thermal surface conductance (large range of Bi). These diagrams constitute a special implementation (violent and sudden thermal effects) of the well known Heisler's charts and are very useful for understanding and teaching transient heat transfer. A numerical solution is proposed. It overcomes the problems due to a too slow convergence. The main difficulty is encountered when solving characteristic equations based on a combination of the parameters involved in the particular equations of temperature and energy. That may take asymptotic values for the specific phenomenon addressed in this study. The results are successfully compared to those based on a different calculation procedure. (Author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baieri, Abderrahmane; Laraqi, Najib
2003-08-01
Analytical solutions for fast transient conduction in spherical and cylindrical geometries subject to sudden and violent thermal effects on its surface are presented in this paper. The numerical solutions are presented in the form of simple diagrams that can be easily and readily used in some engineering applications such as aeronautics, electronics, fire dynamics, tribology, metallurgy or food and agricultural technologies. These data are useful for the optimization of numerical codes in fluid mechanics in association with heat transfer and inverse methods for the determination of thermal characteristics of the surface phenomena in various cases. These diagrams are for specific ranges of Fo and Bi numbers corresponding to the fast transient problems characterized by weak Fourier numbers, associated with a large combination of dimensions of the body and values of thermal surface conductance (large range of Bi). These diagrams constitute a special implementation (violent and sudden thermal effects) of the well known Heisler's charts and are very useful for understanding and teaching transient heat transfer. A numerical solution is proposed. It overcomes the problems due to a too slow convergence. The main difficulty is encountered when solving characteristic equations based on a combination of the parameters involved in the particular equations of temperature and energy. That may take asymptotic values for the specific phenomenon addressed in this study. The results are successfully compared to those based on a different calculation procedure.
Band diagram determination of MOS structures with different gate materials on 3C-SiC substrate
Piskorski, K.; Przewlocki, H.; Esteve, R.; Bakowski, M.
2012-03-01
MOS capacitors were fabricated on 3C-SiC n-type substrate (001) with a 10-μm N-type epitaxial layer. An SiO2 layer of the thickness tOX ≈55 nm was deposited by PECVD. Circular Al, Ni, and Au gate contacts 0.7 mm in diameter were formed by ion beam sputtering and lift-off. Energy band diagrams of the MOS capacitors were determined using the photoelectric, electric, and optical measurement methods. Optical method (ellipsometry) was used to determine the gate and dielectric layer thicknesses and their optical indices: the refraction n and the extinction k coefficients. Electrical method of C = f(VG) characteristic measurements allowed to determine the doping density ND and the flat band voltage VFB in the semiconductor. Most of the parameters which were necessary for the construction of the band diagrams and for determination of the basic physical properties of the structures (e.g. the effective contact potential difference ϕMS) were measured by several photoelectric methods and calculated using the measurement data. As a result, complete energy band diagrams have been determined for MOS capacitors with three different gate materials and they are demonstrated for two different gate voltages VG: for the flat-band in the semiconductor (VG = VFB) and for the flat-band in the dielectric (VG = VG0).
Li, Jia Wen; Chen, Xi Mei; Pun, Sio Hang; Mak, Peng Un; Gao, Yue Ming; Vai, Mang I; Du, Min
2013-01-01
Bit error rate (BER), which indicates the reliability of communicate channel, is one of the most important values in all kinds of communication system, including intra-body communication (IBC). In order to know more about IBC channel, this paper presents a new method of BER estimation for galvanic-type IBC using experimental eye-diagram and jitter characteristics. To lay the foundation for our methodology, the fundamental relationships between eye-diagram, jitter and BER are first reviewed. Then experiments based on human lower arm IBC are carried out using quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) modulation scheme and 500 KHz carries frequency. In our IBC experiments, the symbol rate is from 10 Ksps to 100 Ksps, with two transmitted power settings, 0 dBm and -5 dBm. Finally, the BER results were obtained after calculation by experimental data through the relationships among eye-diagram, jitter and BER. These results are then compared with theoretical values and they show good agreement, especially when SNR is between 6 dB to 11 dB. Additionally, these results demonstrate assuming the noise of galvanic-type IBC channel as Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) in previous study is applicable.
Approximate representation of optimal strategies from influence diagrams
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jensen, Finn V.
2008-01-01
of the advantages of influence diagrams (IDs) is that for small decision problems, the distinction between phases does not confront the decision maker with a problem; when the problem has been properly specified, the solution algorithms are so efficient that the ID can also be used as an on-line representation......, and where the policy functions for the decisions have so large do- mains that they cannot be represented directly in a strategy tree. The approach is to have separate ID representations for each decision variable. In each representation the actual information is fully exploited, however the representation...
Diagram of Calcium Movement in the Human Body
2002-01-01
This diagram shows the normal pathways of calcium movement in the body and indicates changes (green arrows) seen during preliminary space flight experiments. Calcium plays a central role because 1) it gives strength and structure to bone and 2) all types of cells require it to function normally. To better understand how and why weightlessness induces bone loss, astronauts have participated in a study of calcium kinetics -- that is, the movement of calcium through the body, including absorption from food, and its role in the formation and breakdown of bone.
Stabilization diagrams using operationalmodal analysis and sliding filters
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Olsen, Peter; Juul, Martin O.; Tarpø, Marius
2017-01-01
This paper presents a filtering technique for doing effective operational modal analysis. The result of the filtering method is construction of stabilization diagram that clearly separates physical poles from spurious noise poles needed for unbiased fitting. A band pass filter is moved slowly over...... the entire frequency spectrum of the measured data, and poles in the band are identified for each new filter position. In this way all poles are identified many times, making the physical poles stand out to make them immediately identifiable. The technique is illustrated using the Time Domain Poly Reference...
Emergence of an urban traffic macroscopic fundamental diagram
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ranjan, Abhishek; Fosgerau, Mogens; Jenelius, Erik
2016-01-01
process to be in operation. This means that merely observing the stable relationship between the space-averages of speed, flow and occupancy are not sufficient to infer a robust relationship and the emerging MFD cannot be guaranteed to be stable if traffic interventions are implemented.......This paper examines mild conditions under which a macroscopic fundamental diagram (MFD) emerges, relating space-averaged speed to occupancy in some area. These conditions are validated against empirical data. We allow local speedoccupancy relationships and, in particular, require no equilibrating...
Phase diagram of Fe1-xCox ultrathin film
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fridman, Yu.A.; Klevets, Ph.N.; Voytenko, A.P.
2008-01-01
Concentration-driven reorientation phase transitions in ultrathin magnetic films of FeCo alloy have been studied. It is established that, in addition to the easy-axis and easy-plane phases, a spatially inhomogeneous phase (domain structure), a canted phase, and also an 'in-plane easy-axis' phase can exist in the system. The realization of the last phase is associated with the competition between the single-ion anisotropy and the magnetoelastic interaction. The critical values of Co concentration corresponding to the phase transitions are evaluated, the types of phase transitions are determined, and the phase diagrams are constructed
Transport process and block diagram of Cd in Jiaozhou Bay
Yang, Dongfang; Wei, Linzhen; Feng, Ming; Chen, Mei; Miao, Zhenqing
2017-08-01
Many marine bays have been polluted by various pollutants due to the rapid development of economic and population. Understanding the transport processes of pollutants in marine bays is essential to pollution control. This paper analyzed the transport processes of Cd in Jiaozhou Bay based on investigation data during 1979-1983. Results showed that the major transport processes of Cd included terrestrial transport process, atmospheric transport process and oceanic transport process, respectively. Furthermore, this paper provided the block diagrams for these transport processes, which were determining the migrating paths and traces of Cd.
Digital operation and eye diagrams in spin-lasers
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wasner, Evan; Bearden, Sean; Žutić, Igor; Lee, Jeongsu
2015-01-01
Digital operation of lasers with injected spin-polarized carriers provides an improved operation over their conventional counterparts with spin-unpolarized carriers. Such spin-lasers can attain much higher bit rates, crucial for optical communication systems. The overall quality of a digital signal in these two types of lasers is compared using eye diagrams and quantified by improved Q-factors and bit-error-rates in spin-lasers. Surprisingly, an optimal performance of spin-lasers requires finite, not infinite, spin-relaxation times, giving a guidance for the design of future spin-lasers
Phase diagram of charged dumbbells: a random phase approximation approach.
Kudlay, Alexander; Ermoshkin, Alexander V; de la Cruz, Monica Olvera
2004-08-01
The phase diagram of the charged hard dumbbell system (hard spheres of opposite unit charge fixed at contact) is obtained with the use of the random phase approximation (RPA). The effect of the impenetrability of charged spheres on charge-charge fluctuations is described by introduction of a modified electrostatic potential. The correlations of ions in a pair are included via a correlation function in the RPA. The coexistence curve is in good agreement with Monte Carlo simulations. The relevance of the theory to the restricted primitive model is discussed.
Magnetic phase diagram of FeO at high pressure
Zhang, Peng; Cohen, R. E.; Haule, K.
2017-05-01
FeO is an insulator with anti-ferromagnetic (AFM) spin ordering at ambient pressure. At increased external pressure, the Néel temperature of FeO first increases at the pressure below 40 GPa. Experiments predict that the AFM ordering will collapse above 80 GPa, but the mechanism of the high pressure magnetic collapse is still unknown. Using the combination of density functional theory and dynamical mean-field theory (DFT+DMFT), the nature of the magnetic collapse of FeO is examined and its magnetic phase diagram up to 180 GPa is discussed.
Automated Methodologies for the Design of Flow Diagrams for Development and Maintenance Activities
Shivanand M., Handigund; Shweta, Bhat
The Software Requirements Specification (SRS) of the organization is a text document prepared by strategic management incorporating the requirements of the organization. These requirements of ongoing business/ project development process involve the software tools, the hardware devices, the manual procedures, the application programs and the communication commands. These components are appropriately ordered for achieving the mission of the concerned process both in the project development and the ongoing business processes, in different flow diagrams viz. activity chart, workflow diagram, activity diagram, component diagram and deployment diagram. This paper proposes two generic, automatic methodologies for the design of various flow diagrams of (i) project development activities, (ii) ongoing business process. The methodologies also resolve the ensuing deadlocks in the flow diagrams and determine the critical paths for the activity chart. Though both methodologies are independent, each complements other in authenticating its correctness and completeness.
Semantics of cardinality-based service feature diagrams based on linear logic
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ghulam Mustafa Assad
2015-12-01
Full Text Available To provide efficient services to end-user it is essential to manage variability among services. Feature modeling is an important approach to manage variability and commonalities of a system in product line. Feature models are composed of feature diagrams. Service feature diagrams (an extended form of feature diagrams introduced some new notations to classical feature diagrams. Service feature diagrams provide selection rights for variable features. In our previous work, we introduced cardinalities for the selection of features from a service feature diagram which we call cardinality-based service feature diagrams (CSFD. In this paper, we provide semantics to CSFDs. These semantics are backed by the formal calculus of Linear Logic. We provide rules to interpret CSFDs into linear logical formula. Our results show that the linear formulas of CSFDs give the same results as expected from the CSFDs.
Moving heavy quarkonium entropy, effective string tension, and the QCD phase diagram
Chen, Xun; Feng, Sheng-Qin; Shi, Ya-Fei; Zhong, Yang
2018-03-01
The entropy and effective string tension of the moving heavy quark-antiquark pair in the strongly coupled plasmas are calculated by using a deformed an anti-de Sitter/Reissner-Nordström black hole metric. A sharp peak of the heavy-quarkonium entropy around the deconfinement transition can be realized in our model, which is consistent with the lattice QCD result. The effective string tension of the heavy quark-antiquark pair is related to the deconfinement phase transition. Thus, we investigate the deconfinement phase transition by analyzing the characteristics of the effective string tension with different temperatures, chemical potentials, and rapidities. It is found that the results of phase diagram calculated through effective string tension are in agreement with results calculated through a Polyakov loop. We argue that a moving system will reach the phase transition point at a lower temperature and chemical potential than a stationary system. It means that the lifetime of the moving quark-gluon plasma become longer than the static one.
Unavailability Analysis of the Reactor Core Protection System using Reliability Block Diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shin, Hyun Kook; Kim, Sung Ho; Choi, Woong Suk; Kim, Jae Hack
2006-01-01
The reactor core of nuclear power plants needs to be monitored for the early detection of core abnormal conditions to protect plants from a severe accident. The core protection calculator system (CPCS) has been provided to calculate the departure from nucleate boiling ratio (DNBR) and the local power density (LPD) based on measured parameters of reactor and coolant system. The original CPCS for OPR 1000 has been designed and implemented based on the concurrent 3205 computer system whose components are obsolete. The CPCS based on Westinghouse Common-Q system has recently been implemented for the Shin-Kori Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2(SKN 1 and 2). An R and D project has been launched to develop new core protection system called as RCOPS (Reactor Core Protection System) with the partnership of KOPEC and Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction Co. RCOPS is implemented on the HFC-6000 safety class programmable logic controller (PLC). In this paper, the reliability of RCOPS is analyzed using the reliability block diagram (RBD) method. The calculated results are compared with that of the CPCS for SKN 1 and 2
Shi, Jingming; Cui, Wenwen; Botti, Silvana; Marques, Miguel A. L.
2018-02-01
Using an ab initio evolutionary structural search, we predict two novel crystalline phases in the H-N-O ternary phase diagram at high pressure, namely, NOH4 and HNO3 (nitric acid). Our calculations show that the C 2 /m phase of NOH4 becomes stable at 71 GPa, while the P 21/m phase of HNO3 stabilizes at 39 GPa. Both phases remain thermodynamically stable at least up to 150 GPa, the maximum pressure we considered. The C 2 /m phase of NOH4 contains two O-H layers and one dumbbell cluster layer, formed by two NH3 molecules linked by a N-N covalent bond. The P 21/m phase of HNO3 contains a surprising quasiclover layer formed of H-N-O covalent bonds. Further calculations show that both phases are semiconducting, with band gaps of 6.0 and 2.6 eV for NOH4 and NHO3, respectively. Our calculations also confirm that the compound NOH5(NH3H2O ) becomes unstable at pressures above 122 GPa, decomposing into NH3 and H2O .
On-Site was developed to provide modelers and model reviewers with prepackaged tools ("calculators") for performing site assessment calculations. The philosophy behind OnSite is that the convenience of the prepackaged calculators helps provide consistency for simple calculations,...
The wiring diagram of a glomerular olfactory system
Berck, Matthew E; Khandelwal, Avinash; Claus, Lindsey; Hernandez-Nunez, Luis; Si, Guangwei; Tabone, Christopher J; Li, Feng; Truman, James W; Fetter, Rick D; Louis, Matthieu; Samuel, Aravinthan DT; Cardona, Albert
2016-01-01
The sense of smell enables animals to react to long-distance cues according to learned and innate valences. Here, we have mapped with electron microscopy the complete wiring diagram of the Drosophila larval antennal lobe, an olfactory neuropil similar to the vertebrate olfactory bulb. We found a canonical circuit with uniglomerular projection neurons (uPNs) relaying gain-controlled ORN activity to the mushroom body and the lateral horn. A second, parallel circuit with multiglomerular projection neurons (mPNs) and hierarchically connected local neurons (LNs) selectively integrates multiple ORN signals already at the first synapse. LN-LN synaptic connections putatively implement a bistable gain control mechanism that either computes odor saliency through panglomerular inhibition, or allows some glomeruli to respond to faint aversive odors in the presence of strong appetitive odors. This complete wiring diagram will support experimental and theoretical studies towards bridging the gap between circuits and behavior. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.14859.001 PMID:27177418
Handling Stability of Tractor Semitrailer Based on Handling Diagram
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ren Yuan-yuan
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Handling instability is a serious threat to driving safety. In order to analyze the handling stability of a tractor semitrailer, a handling diagram can be used. In our research, considering the impact of multiple nonsteering rear axles and nonlinear characteristics of tires on vehicle handling stability, the handling equations are developed for description of stability of tractor semi-trailer. Then we obtain handling diagrams so as to study the influence of driving speed, loaded mass, and fifth wheel lead on vehicle handling stability. The analysis results show that the handling stability of a tractor semi-trailer when the tractor has two nonsteering rear axles is better than that when the tractor has only one nonsteering rear axle. While the stability in the former case is slightly influenced by driving speed and loaded mass, the latter is strongly influenced by both. The fifth wheel lead is found to only slightly influence handling stability for both tractor semi-trailers. Therefore, to ensure the driving safety of tractor semi-trailers when the tractor has only one nonsteering rear axle, much stricter restraints should be imposed on driving speed, and the loaded mass must not exceed the rated load of the trailer.
Phase diagrams and lipid domains in multicomponent lipid bilayer mixtures.
Feigenson, Gerald W
2009-01-01
Understanding the phase behavior of biological membranes is helped by the study of more simple systems. Model membranes that have as few as 3 components exhibit complex phase behavior that can be well described, providing insight for biological membranes. A number of different studies are in agreement on general findings for some compositional phase diagrams, in particular, those that model the outer leaflet of animal cell plasma membranes. These model mixtures include cholesterol, together with one high-melting lipid and one low-melting lipid. An interesting finding is of two categories of such 3-component mixtures, leading to what we term Type I and Type II compositional phase diagrams. The latter have phase regions of macroscopic coexisting domains of [Lalpha+Lbeta+Lo] and of [Lalpha+Lo], with domains resolved under the light microscope. Type I mixtures have the same phase coexistence regions, but the domains seem to be nanoscopic. Type I mixtures are likely to be better models for biological membranes.
Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fellows, R.L. (ed.)
1993-02-26
The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration and waste management problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. This Volume, Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This volume is divided into ten chapters. The first chapter is a brief introduction, and the second chapter details the technical approach of the TLD. These categories are the work activities necessary for successful decontamination and decommissioning, waste management, and remedial action of the K-25 Site. The categories are characterization, decontamination, dismantlement, robotics and automation, remedial action, and waste management. Materials disposition is addressed in Chap. 9. The final chapter contains regulatory compliance information concerning waste management, remedial action, and decontamination and decommissioning.
Oak Ridge K-25 Site Technology Logic Diagram
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fellows, R.L. (ed.)
1993-02-26
The Oak Ridge K-25 Technology Logic Diagram (TLD), a decision support tool for the K-25 Site, was developed to provide a planning document that relates environmental restoration (ER) and waste management (WN) problems at the Oak Ridge K-25 Site. The TLD technique identifies the research necessary to develop these technologies to a state that allows for technology transfer and application to waste management, remediation, decontamination, and decommissioning activities. The TLD consists of four separate volumes-Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3A, and Vol. 3B. Volume 1 provides introductory and overview information about the TLD. Volume 2 contains logic diagrams. Volume 3 has been divided into two separate volumes to facilitate handling and use. This volume 3 B provides the Technology Evaluation Data Sheets (TEDS) for ER/WM activities (Remedial Action Robotics and Automation, Waste Management) that are referenced by a TEDS code number in Vol. 2 of the TLD. Each of these sheets represents a single logic trace across the TLD. These sheets contain more detail than each technology in Vol. 2. The TEDS are arranged alphanumerically by the TEDS code number in the upper right corner of each data sheet. Volume 3 can be used in two ways: (1) technologies that are identified from Vol. 2 can be referenced directly in Vol. 3 by using the TEDS codes, and (2) technologies and general technology areas (alternatives) can be located in the index in the front of this volume.
Expanding application of the Wiggers diagram to teach cardiovascular physiology
Wang, Jiun-Jr
2014-01-01
Dr. Carl Wiggers' careful observations have provided a meaningful resource for students to learn how the heart works. Throughout the many years from his initial reports, the Wiggers diagram has been used, in various degrees of complexity, as a fundamental tool for cardiovascular instruction. Often, the various electrical and mechanical plots are the novice learner's first exposure to simulated data. As the various temporal relationships throughout a heartbeat could simply be memorized, the challenge for the cardiovascular instructor is to engage the learner so the underlying mechanisms governing the changing electrical and mechanical events are truly understood. Based on experience, we suggest some additions to the Wiggers diagram that are not commonly used to enhance cardiovascular pedagogy. For example, these additions could be, but are not limited to, introducing the concept of energy waves and their role in influencing pressure and flow in health and disease. Also, integrating concepts of exercise physiology, and the differences in cardiac function and hemodynamics between an elite athlete and normal subject, can have a profound impact on student engagement. In describing the relationship between electrical and mechanical events, the instructor may find the introduction of premature ventricular contractions as a useful tool to further understanding of this important principle. It is our hope that these examples can aid cardiovascular instructors to engage their learners and promote fundamental understanding at the expense of simple memorization. PMID:24913453
Transformation of UML Behavioral Diagrams to Support Software Model Checking
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Luciana Brasil Rebelo dos Santos
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Unified Modeling Language (UML is currently accepted as the standard for modeling (object-oriented software, and its use is increasing in the aerospace industry. Verification and Validation of complex software developed according to UML is not trivial due to complexity of the software itself, and the several different UML models/diagrams that can be used to model behavior and structure of the software. This paper presents an approach to transform up to three different UML behavioral diagrams (sequence, behavioral state machines, and activity into a single Transition System to support Model Checking of software developed in accordance with UML. In our approach, properties are formalized based on use case descriptions. The transformation is done for the NuSMV model checker, but we see the possibility in using other model checkers, such as SPIN. The main contribution of our work is the transformation of a non-formal language (UML to a formal language (language of the NuSMV model checker towards a greater adoption in practice of formal methods in software development.
Helping Students Draw Correct Free-Body Diagrams
Lee, Albert
2017-11-01
As physics instructors, we try to help our students learn physics. But most of us begin to realize that our students are not learning as much as we hope they would. As we listen to our students, we begin to see some of their difficulties. Some of their difficulties are expected, but some are unexpected. One such difficulty is drawing the force diagram, or free-body diagram (FBD). Knowing the importance of being able to draw correct FBDs, we try to help our students by presenting the necessary steps clearly. Unfortunately, many times, what seemed clear to us isn't as clear to our students. So, how can we help our students draw correct FBDs? In this paper, we present an approach we used in lectures to help our students draw FBDs correctly. We also present some encouraging preliminary results from a comparison study of two introductory physics classes. As you will see in the discussion of our approach, we will be highlighting a few things, so in this paper we will refer to our approach as "the highlight approach."
Classification of stresses in pressure components using the GLOSS diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Seshadri, R.
1990-01-01
Discontinuity stresses in pressure components are classified as secondary stresses at temperatures below the creep range. The stresses are considered to be deformation-controlled in that shakedown occurs after several load cycles. There are situations, however, where the discontinuity stresses may not be deformation-controlled, and follow-up action might occur. A conservative approach would be to classify the resulting mixed-mode response as a load-controlled situation. The subsequent design could then be unduly wasteful. A simple method for evaluating the mixed-mode response is a technique known as the generalized local stress-strain (GLOSS) analysis. The underlying theory relates the follow-up process to the deformation-controlled uniaxial relaxation. The slope of the mixed-mode response trajectory on the GLOSS diagram determines the relative proportions of deformation and load-controlled actions. In this paper, use is made of the GLOSS diagram to classify stresses or damage due to follow-up in pressure components for temperature below the creep range and elevated temperatures. Some ASME code related perspectives are also discussed in the paper
Phase diagram of the CF₄ monolayer and bilayer on graphite.
Thomas, Petros; Hess, George B
2014-05-21
We report an experimental study of physisorbed monolayers and bilayers of CF4 on graphite using infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy supplemented by ellipsometry. The symmetric C-F stretch mode ν3 near 1283 cm(-1) in the gas is strongly blue shifted in the film by dynamic dipole coupling. This blue shift provides a very sensitive measure of the inter-molecular spacing in the monolayer and, less directly, in the bilayer. We find that important corrections are necessary to the volumetric coverage scales used in previous heat capacity and x-ray diffraction studies of this system. This requires quantitative and some qualitative changes to the previously proposed phase diagram. We find evidence for a new phase transition in the middle of the hexagonal incommensurate region and construct new phase diagrams in both the variables coverage-temperature and chemical potential-temperature. We determine the compressibility and thermal expansion in the low-pressure hexagonal incommensurate phase and values for the entropy change in several phase transitions. Below about 55 K there is evidence of solution of up to 7% of an impurity, most likely CO, in our monolayer but not the bilayer film.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mojtaba Ahmadabadi
2017-01-01
Full Text Available In this study, a formulation has been proposed to calculate the pressure on wall and determine the angle of failure wedge based on limit equilibrium method. The mentioned formulation is capable of calculating active pressure coefficient, culmination of forces in failure surface, and pressure distribution on wall with the effect of line surcharge. In addition, based on the proposed method, a simple formula has been proposed to calculate the angle of failure wedge by the effect of surcharge. Moreover, the proposed approach has the advantage of taking into account the effect of surcharge on elastoplastic environment by considering the parameters of soil and determining the extent to which the surcharge is effective in pressure distribution on the wall. However, in most previous methods and specifications, resultant lateral pressure from surcharge in elastic environment had been considered. Finally, based on the obtained results, the design diagrams for different soils and different surcharges have been proposed. According to these diagrams, pressure on wall, pressure distribution on wall, and angle of failure wedge will easily be achieved. Also, a computer program has been written in MATLAB software environment. Using the results of these codes, the pressure on wall with the effect of surcharge, the angle of failure wedge, and pressure distribution on wall will be determined.
Nevado, Pedro; Porras, Diego
2015-07-01
We study a spin-boson chain that exhibits a local Z2 symmetry. We investigate the quantum phase diagram of the model by means of perturbation theory, mean-field theory, and the density matrix renormalization group method. Our calculations show the existence of a first-order phase transition in the region where the boson quantum dynamics is slow compared to the spin-spin interactions. Our model can be implemented with trapped-ion quantum simulators, leading to a realization of minimal models showing local gauge invariance and first-order phase transitions.
Some results on the phase diagram of the 2D Hubbard model using an analytic Lanczos method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wellard, C.J.; Witte, N.S.; Hollenberg, L.C.L.
1998-01-01
Aspects of the ground state phase diagram of the two-dimensional Hubbard Model have been determined using a new non-perturbative method based on an analytic formulation of the Lanczos algorithm. The ground state energy for arbitrary repulsion U/t and density n has been calculated using a number of trial states which are expected to be qualitatively correct in certain regimes of this model - the paramagnetic Fermi sea and the Hartree-Fock Spin Density Wave state. We find large corrections to the mean-field result that shift the paramagnetic-ferromagnetic transition to higher values of U/t and closer to half-filling. (authors)
Pomberger, R; Sarc, R; Lorber, K E
2017-03-01
This contribution describes the dynamic visualisation of European (EU 28) municipal waste management performance, using the Ternary Diagram Method. Municipal waste management performance depends primarily on three treatment categories: recycling & composting, incineration and landfilling. The framework of current municipal waste management including recycling targets, etc. is given by the Waste Framework Directive - 2008/98/EC. The proposed Circular Economy Package should stimulate Europe's transition towards more sustainable resources and energy oriented waste management. The Package also includes a revised legislative proposal on waste that sets ambitious recycling rates for municipal waste for 2025 (60%) and 2030 (65%). Additionally, the new calculation method for monitoring the attainment of the targets should be applied. In 2014, ca. 240 million tonnes of municipal waste were generated in the EU. While in 1995, 17% were recycled and composted, 14% incinerated and 64% landfilled, in 2014 ca. 71% were recovered but 28% landfilled only. Considering the treatment performance of the individual EU member states, the EU 28 can be divided into three groups, namely: "Recovery Countries", "Transition Countries" and "Landfilling Countries". Using Ternary Diagram Method, three types of visualization for the municipal waste management performance have been investigated and extensively described. Therefore, for better understanding of municipal waste management performance in the last 20years, dynamic visualisation of the Eurostat table-form data on all 28 member states of the EU has been carried out in three different ways: 1. "Performance Positioning" of waste management unit(s) at a specific date; 2. "Performance dynamics" over a certain time period and; 3. "Performance development" expressed as a track(s). Results obtained show that the Ternary Diagram Method is very well suited to be used for better understanding of past developments and coherences, for monitoring of
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
1994-09-01
The Y-12 Plant Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Logic Diagram for Building 9201-4 (TLD) was developed to provide a decision-support tool that relates decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) problems at Bldg. 9201-4 to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. This TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed for sufficient development of these technologies to allow for technology transfer and application to D and D and waste management (WM) activities. It is essential that follow-on engineering studies be conducted to build on the output of this project. These studies will begin by selecting the most promising technologies identified in the TLD and by finding an optimum mix of technologies that will provide a socially acceptable balance between cost and risk. The TLD consists of three fundamentally separate volumes: Vol. 1 (Technology Evaluation), Vol. 2 (Technology Logic Diagram), and Vol. 3 (Technology Evaluation Data Sheets). Volume 2 contains the logic linkages among environmental management goals, environmental problems, and the various technologies that have the potential to solve these problems. Volume 2 has been divided into five sections: Characterization, Decontamination, Dismantlement, Robotics/Automation, and Waste Management. Each section contains logical breakdowns of the Y-12 D and D problems by subject area and identifies technologies that can be reasonably applied to each D and D challenge
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
1994-09-01
The Y-12 Plant Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Logic Diagram for Building 9201-4 (TLD) was developed to provide a decision-support tool that relates decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) problems at Bldg. 9201-4 to potential technologies that can remediate these problems. This TLD identifies the research, development, demonstration, testing, and evaluation needed for sufficient development of these technologies to allow for technology transfer and application to D and D and waste management (WM) activities. It is essential that follow-on engineering studies be conducted to build on the output of this project. These studies will begin by selecting the most promising technologies identified in the TLD and by finding an optimum mix of technologies that will provide a socially acceptable balance between cost and risk. The TLD consists of three fundamentally separate volumes: Vol. 1 (Technology Evaluation), Vol. 2 (Technology Logic Diagram), and Vol. 3 (Technology Evaluation Data Sheets). Volume 2 contains the logic linkages among environmental management goals, environmental problems, and the various technologies that have the potential to solve these problems. Volume 2 has been divided into five sections: Characterization, Decontamination, Dismantlement, Robotics/Automation, and Waste Management. Each section contains logical breakdowns of the Y-12 D and D problems by subject area and identifies technologies that can be reasonably applied to each D and D challenge.
Phase diagrams for pseudo-binary carbide systems TiC-NbC, TiC-TaC, ZrC-NbC, ZrC-TaC and HfC-TaC
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gusev, A.I.
1985-01-01
Parameters of interaction and energy of mutual exchange in the liquid and solid phases of pseudobinary TiC-NbC, TiC-TaC, ZrC-NbC, ZrC-TaC, HfC-TaC systems are calculated with account of dependence on composition and temperature. Positions of liquidus-solidus phase boundaries on the phase diagrams of the mentioned systems are calculated on the basis of the determined mutual exchange energies in approximati.on of subregular solutions. The existance of latent decomposition ranges in the solid phase on the phase diagrams of the investgated systems is established
Poisson equation for the three-loop ladder diagram in string theory at genus one
Basu, Anirban
2016-11-01
The three-loop ladder diagram is a graph with six links and four cubic vertices that contributes to the D12ℛ4 amplitude at genus one in type II string theory. The vertices represent the insertion points of vertex operators on the toroidal worldsheet and the links represent scalar Green functions connecting them. By using the properties of the Green function and manipulating the various expressions, we obtain a modular invariant Poisson equation satisfied by this diagram, with source terms involving one-, two- and three-loop diagrams. Unlike the source terms in the Poisson equations for diagrams at lower orders in the momentum expansion or the Mercedes diagram, a particular source term involves a five-point function containing a holomorphic and a antiholomorphic worldsheet derivative acting on different Green functions. We also obtain simple equalities between topologically distinct diagrams, and consider some elementary examples.
Monte Carlo modeling the phase diagram of magnets with the Dzyaloshinskii - Moriya interaction
Belemuk, A. M.; Stishov, S. M.
2017-11-01
We use classical Monte Carlo calculations to model the high-pressure behavior of the phase transition in the helical magnets. We vary values of the exchange interaction constant J and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction constant D, which is equivalent to changing spin-spin distances, as occurs in real systems under pressure. The system under study is self-similar at D / J = constant , and its properties are defined by the single variable J / T , where T is temperature. The existence of the first order phase transition critically depends on the ratio D / J . A variation of J strongly affects the phase transition temperature and width of the fluctuation region (the ;hump;) as follows from the system self-similarity. The high-pressure behavior of the spin system depends on the evolution of the interaction constants J and D on compression. Our calculations are relevant to the high pressure phase diagrams of helical magnets MnSi and Cu2OSeO3.
The binary (solid + liquid) phase diagrams of (caprylic or capric acid) + (1-octanol or 1-decanol)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Carareto, Natália D.D.; Castagnaro, Thamires; Costa, Mariana C.; Meirelles, Antonio J.A.
2014-01-01
Highlights: • SLE of mixtures of caprylic acid, (capric acid + 1-octanol), 1-decanol were studied. • Experimental data were obtained through DSC and Stepscan DSC. • Systems presented eutectic and peritectic points. • Liquidus line was modeled using Margules and NRTL models. • Solid phase was modeled using the Slaughter and Doherty approach. - Abstract: In the present study the phase diagrams of four (fatty acid + fatty alcohol) binary mixtures composed of caprylic (C8O2) or capric acid (C10O2) + 1-octanol (C8OH) or 1-decanol (C10OH) were obtained by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Eutectic and peritectic reactions occurred in the systems. In standard DSC analyses of the (C8O2 + C10OH) and (C10O2 + C8OH) systems, an exothermic transition occurs in association with the melting of a metastable phase. A Stepscan DSC method was used in order to avoid the formation of this metastable phase during the heating of the mixtures. The approach suggested by Slaughter and Doherty (1995) [24] was used for modeling the solid phase, and the Margules 2-suffix, Margules 3-suffix and NRTL models were applied for calculating the activity coefficients of the liquid phase. The best modeling results were obtained using the Margules-3-suffix with an average deviation between experimental and calculated values ranging from T = (0.3 to 0.9) K
Phase diagram of the layered oxide SnO: GW and electron-phonon studies
Chen, Peng-Jen; Jeng, Horng-Tay
2015-11-01
First-principles calculations are performed to study the electronic properties and the electron-phonon interactions of the layered oxide semiconductor SnO. In addition to the high hole mobility that makes SnO a promising material in electronics, it has recently been reported that the semimetallic phase under pressure is superconducting. The superconducting Tc curve exhibits a dome-like feature under pressure and reaches the maximum of 1.4 K at p = 9.2 GPa. Both its crystal structure and the dome-like Tc curve are reminiscent of the Fe-based superconductor FeSe. Motivated by this observation, we investigate the electronic, phonon, and their interactions in SnO using first-principles schemes. GW approximation is adopted to correct the underestimated band gaps, including real and continuous band gaps in the semiconducting and semimetallic phases. The phase diagram showing the semiconductor-to-semimetal transition and the Tc curve has been successfully reproduced. Detailed analysis of the electron-phonon interactions demonstrate the importance of the out-of-plane motions of O atoms and the Sn-s lone pairs for the superconductivity to occur. Our method combining GW and e-ph calculations can be further extended to the study of other materials that undergo insulator-to-superconductor phase transition.
Initial Hubble Diagram Results from the Nearby Supernova Factory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bailey, S. [Lab. Nuclear and High-Energy Physics (LPNHE), Paris (France); Aldering, G. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Antilogus, P. [Lab. Nuclear and High-Energy Physics (LPNHE), Paris (France); Aragon, C. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Baltay, C. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Bongard, S. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Buton, C [Inst. of Nuclear Physics of Lyon (France); Childress, M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Copin, Y. [Inst. of Nuclear Physics of Lyon (France); Gangler, E. [Inst. of Nuclear Physics of Lyon (France); Loken, S. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Nugent, P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Pain, R. [Lab. Nuclear and High-Energy Physics (LPNHE), Paris (France); Pecontal, E. [Center of Research Astrophysics of Lyon (CRAL) (France); Pereira, R. [Lab. Nuclear and High-Energy Physics (LPNHE), Paris (France); Perlmutter, S. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Rabinowitz, D. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Rigaudier, G. [Center of Research Astrophysics of Lyon (CRAL) (France); Ripoche, P. [Lab. Nuclear and High-Energy Physics (LPNHE), Paris (France); Runge, K. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Scalzo, R. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Smadja, G. [Inst. of Nuclear Physics of Lyon (France); Tao, C. [Inst. of Nuclear Physics of Lyon (France); Thomas, R. C. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Wu, C. [Lab. Nuclear and High-Energy Physics (LPNHE), Paris (France)
2017-07-06
The use of Type Ia supernovae as distance indicators led to the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the universe a decade ago. Now that large second generation surveys have significantly increased the size and quality of the high-redshift sample, the cosmological constraints are limited by the currently available sample of ~50 cosmologically useful nearby supernovae. The Nearby Supernova Factory addresses this problem by discovering nearby supernovae and observing their spectrophotometric time development. Our data sample includes over 2400 spectra from spectral timeseries of 185 supernovae. This talk presents results from a portion of this sample including a Hubble diagram (relative distance vs. redshift) and a description of some analyses using this rich dataset.
Phase diagram of the Dirac spectrum at nonzero chemical potential
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Osborn, J. C.; Splittorff, K.; Verbaarschot, J. J. M.
2008-01-01
The Dirac spectrum of QCD with dynamical fermions at nonzero chemical potential is characterized by three regions: a region with a constant eigenvalue density, a region where the eigenvalue density shows oscillations that grow exponentially with the volume and the remainder of the complex plane where the eigenvalue density is zero. In this paper we derive the phase diagram of the Dirac spectrum from a chiral Lagrangian. We show that the constant eigenvalue density corresponds to a pion condensed phase while the strongly oscillating region is given by a kaon condensed phase. The normal phase with nonzero chiral condensate but vanishing Bose condensates coincides with the region of the complex plane where there are no eigenvalues.
Phase Diagram of a Simple Model for Fractional Topological Insulator
Chen, Hua; Yang, Kun
2012-02-01
We study a simple model of two species of (or spin-1/2) fermions with short-range intra-species repulsion in the presence of opposite (effetive) magnetic field, each at filling factor 1/3. In the absence of inter-species interaction, the ground state is simply two copies of the 1/3 Laughlin state, with opposite chirality. Due to the overall time-reversal symmetry, this is a fractional topological insulator. We show this phase is stable against moderate inter-species interactions. However strong enough inter-species repulsion leads to phase separation, while strong enough inter-species attraction drives the system into a superfluid phase. We obtain the phase diagram through exact diagonalization caluclations. Nature of the fractional topological insluator-superfluid phase transition is discussed using an appropriate Chern-Simons-Ginsburg-Landau effective field theory.
Semi-analytical formulas for the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zaninetti L.
2008-01-01
Full Text Available The absolute visual magnitude as function of the observed color (B-V, also named Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, can be described through five equations; that when calibrated stars are available means eight constants. The developed framework allows to deduce the remaining physical parameters, mass, radius and luminosity. This new technique is applied to the first 10 pc, the first 50 pc, the Hyades and to the determination of the distance of a cluster. The case of the white dwarfs is analyzed assuming the absence of calibrated data: our equation produces a smaller χ2 with respect to the standard color-magnitude calibration when applied to the Villanova Catalog of Spectroscopically Identified White Dwarfs. The theoretical basis of the formulas for the colors and the bolometric correction of the stars is clarified by a Taylor expansion in the temperature of the Planck distribution.
Multiple Stars Across the H-R Diagram
Hubrig, Swetlana; Tokovinin, Andrei; Proceedings of the ESO Workshop held in Garching, Germany, 12-15 July 2005
2008-01-01
Stars show a marked tendency to be in systems of different multiplicity, ranging from simple binaries and triples to globular clusters with several 10,000's of stars. The formation and evolution of multiple systems remains a challenging part of astrophysics, and the contributions in this book report on the significant progress that had been made in this research field in the last years. The reader will find a variety of research topics addressed, such as the dynamical evolution in multiple stars, the effects of the environment on multiple system parameters, stellar evolution within multiple stars, multiplicity of massive stars, pre-main sequence and intermediate mass stars, multiplicity of low-mass stars from embedded protostars to open clusters, and brown dwarfs and extrasolar planets in multiples. This book presents the proceedings of the ESO Workshop on Multiple Stars across the H-R Diagram held in the summer of 2005.
Hydration Phase Diagram of Clay Particles from Molecular Simulations.
Honorio, Tulio; Brochard, Laurent; Vandamme, Matthieu
2017-11-07
Adsorption plays a fundamental role in the behavior of clays. Because of the confinement between solid clay layers on the nanoscale, adsorbed water is structured in layers, which can occupy a specific volume. The transition between these states is intimately related to key features of clay thermo-hydro-mechanical behavior. In this article, we consider the hydration states of clays as phases and the transition between these states as phase changes. The thermodynamic formulation supporting this idea is presented. Then, the results from grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations of sodium montmorillonite are used to derive hydration phase diagrams. The stability analysis presented here explains the coexistence of different hydration states at clay particle scale and improves our understanding of the irreversibilities of clay thermo-hydro-mechanical behavior. Our results provide insights into the mechanics of the elementary constituents of clays, which is crucial for a better understanding of the macroscopic behavior of clay-rich rocks and soils.
Phase diagrams and heterogeneous equilibria a practical introduction
Predel, Bruno; Pool, Monte
2004-01-01
This graduate-level textbook provides an introduction to the practical application of phase diagrams. It is intended for students and researchers in chemistry, metallurgy, mineralogy, and materials science as well as in engineering and physics. Heterogeneous equilibria are described by a minimum of theory illustrated by practical examples and realistic case discussions from the different fields of application. The treatment of the physical and energetic background of phase equilibria leads to the discussion of the thermodynamics of mixtures and the correlation between energetics and composition. Thus, tools for the prediction of energetic, structural, and physical quantities are provided. The authors treat the nucleation of phase transitions, the production and stability of technologically important metastable phases, and metallic glasses. Furthermore, the text also concisely presents the thermodynamics and composition of polymer systems.
ASSESSING PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN WITH PERCENTILE DIAGRAMS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rita R. Kildiyarova
2017-01-01
Full Text Available The results of the analysis of methods assessing anthropometric measures in children are presented. A method for visual examination of physical development using author's percentile diagrams for height, body weight, and the harmony of development of children of different age groups is offered. The method can be quickly performed, it is recommended for mass screening examination of children under outpatient treatment. To monitor the health of a specific child, a monitoring assessment of physical development is possible. The analysis of Z-score is of great clinical importance when determining anthropometric measures below the 3rd percentile, for the assessment of premature infants with congenital malformations and other diseases, in the presence of obesity. Graphical curves of body weight, height to age, body weight according to the height of boys and girls can be used by pediatricians.
Stock flow diagram analysis on solid waste management in Malaysia
Zulkipli, Faridah; Nopiah, Zulkifli Mohd; Basri, Noor Ezlin Ahmad; Kie, Cheng Jack
2016-10-01
The effectiveness on solid waste management is a major importance to societies. Numerous generation of solid waste from our daily activities has risked for our communities. These due to rapid population grow and advance in economic development. Moreover, the complexity of solid waste management is inherently involved large scale, diverse and element of uncertainties that must assist stakeholders with deviating objectives. In this paper, we proposed a system dynamics simulation by developing a stock flow diagram to illustrate the solid waste generation process and waste recycle process. The analysis highlights the impact on increasing the number of population toward the amount of solid waste generated and the amount of recycled waste. The results show an increment in the number of population as well as the amount of recycled waste will decrease the amount of waste generated. It is positively represent the achievement of government aim to minimize the amount of waste to be disposed by year 2020.
Powerful CMD: a tool for color-magnitude diagram studies
Li, Zhong-Mu; Mao, Cai-Yan; Luo, Qi-Ping; Fan, Zhou; Zhao, Wen-Chang; Chen, Li; Li, Ru-Xi; Guo, Jian-Po
2017-07-01
We present a new tool for color-magnitude diagram (CMD) studies, Powerful CMD. This tool is built based on the advanced stellar population synthesis (ASPS) model, in which single stars, binary stars, rotating stars and star formation history have been taken into account. Via Powerful CMD, the distance modulus, color excess, metallicity, age, binary fraction, rotating star fraction and star formation history of star clusters can be determined simultaneously from observed CMDs. The new tool is tested via both simulated and real star clusters. Five parameters of clusters NGC 6362, NGC 6652, NGC 6838 and M67 are determined and compared to other works. It is shown that this tool is useful for CMD studies, in particular for those utilizing data from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Moreover, we find that inclusion of binaries in theoretical stellar population models may lead to smaller color excess compared to the case of single-star population models.
ER2OWL: Generating OWL Ontology from ER Diagram
Fahad, Muhammad
Ontology is the fundamental part of Semantic Web. The goal of W3C is to bring the web into (its full potential) a semantic web with reusing previous systems and artifacts. Most legacy systems have been documented in structural analysis and structured design (SASD), especially in simple or Extended ER Diagram (ERD). Such systems need up-gradation to become the part of semantic web. In this paper, we present ERD to OWL-DL ontology transformation rules at concrete level. These rules facilitate an easy and understandable transformation from ERD to OWL. The set of rules for transformation is tested on a structured analysis and design example. The framework provides OWL ontology for semantic web fundamental. This framework helps software engineers in upgrading the structured analysis and design artifact ERD, to components of semantic web. Moreover our transformation tool, ER2OWL, reduces the cost and time for building OWL ontologies with the reuse of existing entity relationship models.
Establishment of phase diagram of a chiral smectic liquid crystal
Soltani, T.; Gharbi, A.; Gineste, S.; Marcerou, J. P.; Bitri, N.
2011-10-01
Chiral smectic liquid crystals are well known to exhibit the following sequence of phases as the temperature is increased: Sm- CA*, Sm- CFi1*, Sm- CFi2*, Sm- C* and Sm- Cα*. Surprisingly, some compounds appear in several publications to present other tilted phases, which not only do not belong to the previous series but change from one paper to the other although the studied compound is the same. Such is the chiral smectic liquid crystal ( R) or ( S)-12OF1M7 that we have re-synthesized and studied with various techniques: dielectric spectroscopy, optical rotatory power, conoscopic measurements and electro-optic properties. Our conclusion is that this compound presents the ordinary phase sequence at the exception of the Sm- Cα* phase. In addition, the ( E- T) phase diagram of this compound was established.
Performance evaluation of enterprise architecture using fuzzy sequence diagram
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohammad Atasheneh
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Developing an Enterprise Architecture is a complex task and to control the complexity of the regulatory framework we need to measure the relative performance of one system against other available systems. On the other hand, enterprise architecture cannot be organized without the use of a logical structure. The framework provides a logical structure for classifying architectural output. Among the common architectural framework, the C4ISR framework and methodology of the product is one of the most popular techniques. In this paper, given the existing uncertainties in system development and information systems, a new version of UML called Fuzzy-UML is proposed for enterprise architecture development based on fuzzy Petri nets. In addition, the performance of the system is also evaluated based on Fuzzy sequence diagram.
Phase diagrams of rare earth metals with gallium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yatsenko, S.P.; Semyannikov, A.A.; Semenov, B.G.; Chuntonov, K.A.
1979-01-01
From the results obtained by differential thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction, the state diagrams of the binary systems R-Ga where R=Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu are proposed. The liquidus line near Ga has been determined using the solubility data of R in liquid gallium. The previously unknown compounds Sc 5 Ga 4 , ScGa 2 , ScGa 3 , EuGa, DyGa 3 , Er 2 Ga 3 , Tm 2 Ga 3 , TmGa 2 , YbGa, Lu 2 Ga 3 and LuGa 2 are found. ScGa 3 crystallizes in a cubic structure of the AuCu 3 type. A short discussion of the change in the thermal stability of the intermediate phase and its dependence on the order number of the component R is given. (Auth.)
Phase diagram of a bosonic ladder with two coupled chains
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Luthra, Meetu Sethi; Mishra, Tapan; Pai, Ramesh V.; Das, B. P.
2008-01-01
We study a bosonic ladder with two coupled chains using the finite-size density-matrix renormalization group method. We show that in a commensurate bosonic ladder the critical on-site interaction (U C ) for the superfluid to Mott insulator transition gets larger as the interchain hopping (t perpendicular ) increases. We analyze this quantum phase transition and obtain the phase diagram in the t perpendicular -U plane. We also consider the asymmetric case where the on-site interactions are different in the two chains and have shown that the system as a whole will not be in the Mott insulator phase unless both the chains have on-site interactions greater than the critical value
A particle tracking velocimetry algorithm based on the Voronoi diagram
Zhang, Yang; Wang, Yuan; Yang, Bin; He, Wenbo
2015-07-01
Particle tracking velocimetry (PTV) algorithms have great applications in tracking discrete particles across successive images. In managing complex flows, classic PTV algorithms typically follow delicate concepts that may lead to a higher risk of disturbance caused by the parameter settings. To avoid such a ‘closure problem’, a PTV algorithm based on the Voronoi diagram (VD-PTV) is developed. This algorithm has a simple structure, as it is designed to possess only one controlling parameter. The VD-PTV is tested using two types of synthetic flows. The result shows that the VD-PTV exhibits a stable performance with good accuracy level and is independent of parameter pre-setting. Moreover, the VD-PTV demonstrates satisfactory computing speed.
Interpreting microbiologically assisted cracking with Ee-pH diagrams.
Wu, Tangqing; Sun, Cheng; Ke, Wei
2018-04-01
Although many mechanisms have been proposed to explain the microbiologically assisted cracking (MAC) of steel and copper, a theoretical interpretation is necessary. In this paper, we attempt to give a theoretical interpretation of sulfate/nitrate reducing bacteria (SRB/NRB)-assisted cracking using E e -pH diagrams. Under the combined actions of SRB/NRB and external stress, the cell potential (E cell ) and the corrosion current density of the corrosion reaction increase, such that the corrosion reactions become more thermodynamically favorable. This is the nature of MAC. Nitrate is a far more potent oxidant than sulfate, and thus, the NRB-assisted cracking of iron is a more thermodynamically favorable process than the SRB-assisted cracking. Furthermore, the thermodynamic interpretation is attempted to implicate into the classical stress corrosion cracking mechanisms of pipeline steel. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Collapsing cycloidal structures in the magnetic phase diagram of erbium
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jehan, D.A.; McMorrow, D.F.; Simpson, J.A.
1994-01-01
approximately 20 K, the application of a field is found to favor cycloidal structures with modulation wave vectors of q(c) = (6/23)c*, (4/15)c*, and (2/7)c*. For fields above almost-equal-to 40 kOe, the (2/7) structure dominates the phase diagram. From a detailed study of this most stable cycloid, we determine...... how it distorts as the field is increased. In low fields, there is a spin reorientation, so that the plane of the cycloid becomes perpendicular to the applied field, while in larger fields, the cycloid collapses through a series of fanlike structures. At lower temperatures, as the field is increased...
Foundations of Grothendieck duality for diagrams of schemes
Lipman, Joseph
2009-01-01
The first part written by Joseph Lipman, accessible to mid-level graduate students, is a full exposition of the abstract foundations of Grothendieck duality theory for schemes (twisted inverse image, tor-independent base change,...), in part without noetherian hypotheses, and with some refinements for maps of finite tor-dimension. The ground is prepared by a lengthy treatment of the rich formalism of relations among the derived functors, for unbounded complexes over ringed spaces, of the sheaf functors tensor, hom, direct and inverse image. Included are enhancements, for quasi-compact quasi-separated schemes, of classical results such as the projection and Künneth isomorphisms. In the second part, written independently by Mitsuyasu Hashimoto, the theory is extended to the context of diagrams of schemes. This includes, as a special case, an equivariant theory for schemes with group actions. In particular, after various basic operations on sheaves such as (derived) direct images and inverse images are set up, ...
Influence diagrams and decision trees for severe accident management
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Goetz, W.W.J.; Seebregts, A.J.; Bedford, T.J.
1996-08-01
A review of relevent methodologies based on Influence Diagrams (IDs), Decision Trees (DTs), and Containment Event Trees (CETs) was conducted to assess the practicality of these methods for the selection of effective strategies for Severe Accident Management (SAM). The review included an evaluation of some software packages for these methods. The emphasis was on possible pitfalls of using IDs and on practical aspects, the latter by performance of a case study that was based on an existing Level 2 Probabilistic Safety Assessment (PSA). The study showed that the use of a combined ID/DT model has advantages over CET models, in particular when conservatisms in the Level 2 PSA have been identified and replaced by fair assessments of the uncertainties involved. It is recommended to use ID/DT models as complementary to CET models. (orig.)
Overview of the phase diagram of ionic magnetic colloidal dispersions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cousin, F.; Dubois, E.; Cabuil, V.; Boue, F.; Perzynski, R.
2001-01-01
We study ionic magnetic colloidal dispersions, which are constituted of γ-Fe 2 O 3 nanoparticles dispersed in water, and stabilized with electrostatic interparticle repulsion. The phase diagram PV versus Φ (P: osmotic pressure, V: particle volume, Φ: particle volume fraction) is explored, especially in the range of high Π and high Φ. The osmotic pressure P of the colloidal dispersion is known either by a measurement either because it is imposed during the sample preparation by osmotic compression. The structure of the colloidal dispersion is determined from Small Angle Neutron Scattering. Two regimes can be distinguished. At high pressure, fluid and solid phases can exist. Their structure is governed by strong electrostatic repulsion, the range of which is here evaluated. At low pressure, gas, liquid and glassy solids can exist. Their structure results from a sticky hard sphere potential. (author)
Decomposition of business process models into reusable sub-diagrams
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wiśniewski Piotr
2017-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, an approach to automatic decomposition of business process models is proposed. According to our method, an existing BPMN diagram is disassembled into reusable parts containing the desired number of elements. Such elements and structure can work as design patterns and be validated by a user in terms of correctness. In the next step, these component models are categorised considering their parameters such as resources used, as well as input and output data. The classified components may be considered a repository of reusable parts, that can be further applied in the design of new models. The proposed technique may play a significant role in facilitating the business process redesign procedure, which is of a great importance regarding engineering and industrial applications.
T-duality diagram for a weakly curved background
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Davidovic, Ljubica; Nikolic, Bojan; Sazdovic, Branislav
2015-01-01
In one of our previous papers we generalized the Buscher T-dualization procedure. Here we will investigate the application of this procedure to the theory of a bosonic string moving in the weakly curved background. We obtain the complete T-dualization diagram, connecting the theories which are the result of the T-dualizations over all possible choices of the coordinates. We distinguish three forms of the T-dual theories: the initial theory, the theory obtained T-dualizing some of the coordinates of the initial theory and the theory obtained T-dualizing all of the initial coordinates. While the initial theory is geometric, all the other theories are non-geometric and additionally non-local. We find the T-dual coordinate transformation laws connecting these theories and show that the set of all T-dualizations forms an Abelian group. (orig.)
Pedestrian ascent and descent fundamental diagram on stairway
Chen, Juan; Lo, S. M.; Ma, Jian
2017-08-01
Due to the interaction among individuals, pedestrian walking speeds in relatively dense crowds when descending and ascending stairs may present different features from a single pedestrian moving freely. Thus, to obtain a large range of densities, a series of single-file pedestrian movement experiments under laboratory conditions were performed. The trends of the fundamental diagram in a wide pedestrian density range for staircase movement are captured. Detailed features of pedestrian speed with the increase of pedestrian density, headway, and the influence of pedestrians’ lateral sway are further discussed. It is found that with the increase of pedestrian density, the speed decrease rate varies. Meanwhile, the decrease of headway, leads to two speed regimes, i.e. free movement and linear constrained movement. We show that pedestrian speed can be described by counting the number of steps separating pedestrians in longitudinal direction. These enrichments can benefit pedestrian modelling and improve the evaluation of the evacuation performance of a staircase.
Events analysis of the main generator using reliability block diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shimada, Yoshio
2006-01-01
Generator failure events at overseas and Japanese nuclear power plants were analyzed in detail through a reliability block diagram. This analysis not only took note of the total number of component failure and part failures but also focused on age-related degradation phenomena. Components or parts that were found to have failed most frequently included stator cooling system pipes, stator cooling system valves, automatic voltage regulators, and alternating-current exciters. Event reports on these components or parts were reexamined one by one. Because these components or parts have been adequately inspected, it was confirmed that there are no additional maintenance measures that should be reflected in Japanese pressurized water reactor (PWR) power plants. A comparison of the frequency of failures between Japanese and American power plants revealed that Japanese power plants suffered approximately one-tenth of the frequency of failures experienced in American plants, suggesting that higher levels of maintenance work are achieved at Japanese plants. (author)
Layout pattern analysis using the Voronoi diagram of line segments
Dey, Sandeep Kumar; Cheilaris, Panagiotis; Gabrani, Maria; Papadopoulou, Evanthia
2016-01-01
Early identification of problematic patterns in very large scale integration (VLSI) designs is of great value as the lithographic simulation tools face significant timing challenges. To reduce the processing time, such a tool selects only a fraction of possible patterns which have a probable area of failure, with the risk of missing some problematic patterns. We introduce a fast method to automatically extract patterns based on their structure and context, using the Voronoi diagram of line-segments as derived from the edges of VLSI design shapes. Designers put line segments around the problematic locations in patterns called "gauges," along which the critical distance is measured. The gauge center is the midpoint of a gauge. We first use the Voronoi diagram of VLSI shapes to identify possible problematic locations, represented as gauge centers. Then we use the derived locations to extract windows containing the problematic patterns from the design layout. The problematic locations are prioritized by the shape and proximity information of the design polygons. We perform experiments for pattern selection in a portion of a 22-nm random logic design layout. The design layout had 38,584 design polygons (consisting of 199,946 line segments) on layer Mx, and 7079 markers generated by an optical rule checker (ORC) tool. The optical rules specify requirements for printing circuits with minimum dimension. Markers are the locations of some optical rule violations in the layout. We verify our approach by comparing the coverage of our extracted patterns to the ORC-generated markers. We further derive a similarity measure between patterns and between layouts. The similarity measure helps to identify a set of representative gauges that reduces the number of patterns for analysis.
A new diagram of the global energy balance
Wild, Martin; Folini, Doris; Schär, Christoph; Loeb, Norman; Dutton, Ellsworth G.; König-Langlo, Gert
2013-05-01
Here we provide a new assessment of the global mean energy fluxes from a surface perspective and present an associated diagram of the global mean energy balance, adapted from the study by Wild et al. (2013) [1] with two slight modifications as outlined in this paper. The radiative energy exchanges between Sun, Earth and space are now accurately quantified from new satellite missions. Much less has been known about the magnitude of the energy flows within the climate system and at the Earth surface, which cannot be directly measured by satellites. In addition to satellite observations, we make extensive use of the growing number of surface observations to constrain the global energy balance not only from space, but also from the surface. We combine these observations with the latest modeling efforts performed for the 5th IPCC assessment report to infer best estimates for the global mean surface radiative components. Our analyses favor global mean downward surface solar and thermal radiation values near 185 and 342 Wm-2, respectively, which are most compatible with surface observations. Combined with an estimated surface absorbed solar radiation and thermal emission of 161 Wm-2 and 398 Wm-2, respectively, this leaves 105 Wm-2 of surface net radiation available for distribution amongst the non-radiative surface energy balance components. Considering an imbalance of 0.6 Wm-2, the global mean sensible and latent heat fluxes are estimated at 20 and 84 Wm-2, respectively, to close the surface energy balance. The global mean surface radiative fluxes derived here in combination with a latent heat flux of 84 Wm-2 may be able to reconcile currently disputed inconsistencies between energy and water cycle estimates. The findings of this study are compiled into a new global energy balance diagram.
Designing a supply chain of ready-mix concrete using Voronoi diagrams
Kozniewski, E.; Orlowski, M.; Orlowski, Z.
2017-10-01
Voronoi diagrams are used to solve scientific and practical problems in many fields. In this paper Voronoi diagrams have been applied to logistic problems in construction, more specifically in the design of the ready-mix concrete supply chain. Apart from the Voronoi diagram, the so-called time-distance circle (circle of range), which in metric space terminology is simply a sphere, appears useful. It was introduced to solve the problem of supplying concrete-related goods.
Reconstructing Data Flow Diagrams from Structure Charts Based on the Input and Output Relationship
YAMAMOTO, Shuichiro
1995-01-01
The traceability of data flow diagrams against structure charts is very important for large software development. Specifying if there is a relationship between a data flow diagram and a structure chart is a time consuming task. Existing CASE tools provide a way to maintain traceability. If we can extract the input-output relationship of a system from a structure chart, the corresponding data flow diagram can be automatically generated from the relationship. For example, Benedusi et al. propos...
Idaho National Engineering Laboratory waste area groups 1--7 and 10 Technology Logic Diagram
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
O'Brien, M.C.; Meservey, R.H.; Little, M.; Ferguson, J.S.; Gilmore, M.C.
1993-09-01
The Technology Logic Diagram was developed to provide technical alternatives for environmental restoration projects at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The diagram (three volumes) documents suggested solutions to the characterization, retrieval, and treatment phases of cleanup activities at contaminated sites within 8 of the laboratory's 10 waste area groups. Contaminated sites at the laboratory's Naval Reactor Facility and Argonne National Laboratory-West are not included in this diagram
Project of computer program for designing the steel with the assumed CCT diagram
S. Malara; J. Trzaska; L.A. Dobrzański
2007-01-01
Purpose: The aim of this paper was developing a project of computer aided method for designing the chemicalcomposition of steel with the assumed CCT diagram.Design/methodology/approach: The purpose has been achieved in four stages. At the first stage characteristicpoints of CCT diagram have been determined. At the second stage neural networks have been developed, andnext CCT diagram terms of similarity have been worked out- at the third one. In the last one steel chemicalcomposition optimizat...
Effect of deformation on the continuous cooling transformation (CCT) diagram of steel 32CRB4
Kawulok, R.; Schindler, I.; Kawulok, P.; Rusz, S.; Opěla, P.; Solowski, Z.; Čmiel, K. M.
2015-01-01
CCT and DCCT steel diagrams of the steel 32CrB4 were determined by the universal plastometer GLEEBLE 3 800 on the basis of dilatometric tests. Dilatometric analysis showed that compared to the diagram provided by the software QTSteel th e noses of individual curves are in fact shifted towards shorter times. Preceding deformation significantly affected the decay diagram of the investigated steel. Shorter times, which were available for recovery of the deformed structure during more...
Matrix model approximations of fuzzy scalar field theories and their phase diagrams
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tekel, Juraj [Department of Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University, Mlynska Dolina, Bratislava, 842 48 (Slovakia)
2015-12-29
We present an analysis of two different approximations to the scalar field theory on the fuzzy sphere, a nonperturbative and a perturbative one, which are both multitrace matrix models. We show that the former reproduces a phase diagram with correct features in a qualitative agreement with the previous numerical studies and that the latter gives a phase diagram with features not expected in the phase diagram of the field theory.
eulerAPE: drawing area-proportional 3-Venn diagrams using ellipses.
Micallef, Luana; Rodgers, Peter
2014-01-01
Venn diagrams with three curves are used extensively in various medical and scientific disciplines to visualize relationships between data sets and facilitate data analysis. The area of the regions formed by the overlapping curves is often directly proportional to the cardinality of the depicted set relation or any other related quantitative data. Drawing these diagrams manually is difficult and current automatic drawing methods do not always produce appropriate diagrams. Most methods depict the data sets as circles, as they perceptually pop out as complete distinct objects due to their smoothness and regularity. However, circles cannot draw accurate diagrams for most 3-set data and so the generated diagrams often have misleading region areas. Other methods use polygons to draw accurate diagrams. However, polygons are non-smooth and non-symmetric, so the curves are not easily distinguishable and the diagrams are difficult to comprehend. Ellipses are more flexible than circles and are similarly smooth, but none of the current automatic drawing methods use ellipses. We present eulerAPE as the first method and software that uses ellipses for automatically drawing accurate area-proportional Venn diagrams for 3-set data. We describe the drawing method adopted by eulerAPE and we discuss our evaluation of the effectiveness of eulerAPE and ellipses for drawing random 3-set data. We compare eulerAPE and various other methods that are currently available and we discuss differences between their generated diagrams in terms of accuracy and ease of understanding for real world data.
McDonald, Celia; Rodrigues, Susan
2016-01-01
Background In this paper we report on the views of students with and without visual impairments on the use of illustrations, diagrams and drawings (IDD) in science lessons. Method Our findings are based on data gathered through a brief questionnaire completed by a convenience sample of students prior to trialling new resource material. The questionnaire sought to understand the students' views about using IDD in science lessons. The classes involved in the study included one class from a primary school, five classes from a secondary school and one class from a school for visually impaired students. Results Approximately 20% of the participants thought that the diagrams were boring and just under half (48%) of the total sample (regardless of whether they were sighted or visually impaired) did not think diagrams were easy to use. Only 14% of the participants felt that repeated encounters with the same diagrams made the diagrams easy to understand. Unlike sighted students who can 'flit' across diagrams, a visually impaired student may only see or touch a small part of the diagram at a time so for them 'fliting' could result in loss of orientation with the diagram. Conclusions Treating sighted and visually impaired pupils equally is different to treating them identically. Sighted students incidentally learn how to interpret visual information from a young age. Students who acquire sight loss need to learn the different rules associated with reading tactile diagrams, or large print and those who are congenitally blind do not have visual memories to rely upon.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Magnetic Field Calculator will calculate the total magnetic field, including components (declination, inclination, horizontal intensity, northerly intensity,...