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Sample records for feng zhou nicolae

  1. "酒"与"山水之间"和"醉翁之意"——胡风与周扬恩怨是非新论%"Wine", "the Scenery of Mountains and Rivers" and the Intention of "the Drunkard":New Discussion of Gratitude or Resentment between Zhou Yang and Hu Feng for Several Dozens Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李乐平

    2011-01-01

    Many scholars always think that injustice case of Fufeng has a quite big negative function in the feeling of gratitude or resentment between Zhou Yang and Fu Feng. It cannot be denied that Zhou Yang played an irreplaceable function in injustice case of Fufeng and even the rehabiliation process of the case. However, dozens of years' contradiction between Hu Feng and Zhou Yang, and even "the indictment" which Hu Feng accused to Zhou Yang, all belongs to the category of Thought on Literary and Arts. We shall acknowledge the measures and the attitude which Zhou Yang dealt with the issues of Fu Feng, that's not "A wine lover's mind which is not dipped in the bobbled, but dwells in nature", but is the meaning of "the drunkard" who draws support from "the scenery of mountains and rivers" to complete the intention of drinking "wine". Hu Feng's disaster is a tragedy of that time, and its significance exceeds his own destiny completely. Therefore, the theory of literature and arts cannot be tied up together with politics again. It's also the consideration left to posterity. In this way can avoid injustice of disaster because of a personal grudge. If we can't go outside and continue to stand in the "Left" situation to animadvert the loop of strange mighty "Left", we would not be able to be practical and realistic on the fundamental problems in literary, and not to mention to recover the pursuit of human liberation of the spirit of "Wusi", and to recover hominine literature, in particular, the historical tradition of democracy and science.%很多学者总认为周扬和胡风几十年的恩怨在胡风冤案中起了很大负面作用,但胡风和周扬几十年的矛盾乃至他所指控周扬的"罪状"都属于当时主流文艺思想的范畴.周扬在处理胡风问题上所采取的措施和态度,不是"醉翁之意不在酒,在于山水之间",而是"醉翁"借助"山水之间"行"酒"之意.胡风的舛难是一个时代的悲剧,其意义完全超越他个人命运,

  2. Nicolas Delruelle

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    It was with great sadness that we learned that our colleague and friend Nicolas Delruelle, a delegate of the Staff Association since 2010, passed away on Wednesday, 14 September. Since the announcement of his illness, Nicolas fought bravely. His funeral will be held on Tuesday, 20 September at 13:30 in the Chapel of the Funeral centre of Saint-Georges in Petit-Lancy. Our thoughts are with his wife, his children, his parents and the entire family, to whom we extend our deepest condolences. We will dedicate a more detailed tribute to Nicolas in the next Echo. His friends and colleagues of the Staff Council and the Secretariat of the Staff Association  

  3. Nicolas Delruelle 1965 - 2016

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    On Tuesday, 20th September, many CERN colleagues gathered to attend the funeral of Nicolas Delruelle, accompanying and supporting his family in this difficult moment. During the farewell ceremony, many colleagues and friends expressed their deep sorrow, evoking not only the career of Nicolas, but also the personality and qualities of this jovial and likeable person, who was also committed to the Staff Association. We hope that all these moving testimonies could bring some comfort to his bereaved family. We reproduce hereafter the tribute paid by the Staff Association to Nicolas, our dear colleague, friend and comrade in the Staff Council.   Meyrin, 20th September Translated form the French original In Memoriam Nicolas Delruelle Our colleague Nicolas was elected as delegate to the CERN Staff Council in 2010. Beyond merely a colleague, Nicolas became, for all of us, a remarkable contributor to the work of the Staff Association. Soon, he joined the Executive Committee, our political organ, to repre...

  4. Nicolas-Henri Jardin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Ulla

    Forskningsbaseret formidling af det samme emne som forfatterens disputats fra 2010: en redegørelse for den franskfødte arkitekt Nicolas-Henri Jardins liv og tid og for hans arbejder i Danmark med særligt henblik på hans afgørende betydning for udviklingen af den danske kunst og arkitektur....

  5. Contemporary Comments on "Four Reviews" of "A Dream of Red Mansions"——taking Zhou Ruchang,Feng Qiyong,Cai Yijiang,Wang Meng as examples%当代《红楼梦》评点“四家评”综论之一——以周汝昌、冯其庸、蔡义江、王蒙为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高淮生

    2011-01-01

    The comment about "A Dream of Red Mansions" since "Zhi Yanzhai",an earlier commentator,has been a special form of literary appreciating and literary criticism,which is quite popular among readers.The most influential contemporary comments are the ones made by Zhou Ruchang,Feng Qiyong,Cai Yijiang and Wang Meng."Four Reviews" are very popular and loved by readers of A Dream of Red Mansions.Not only did "Four Reviews" widened the perspectives and approaches on the study of "A Dream of Red Mansions",but have achieved traditional Chinese fiction commentary's self-improvement to some extent,especially the quality of comments about "A Dream of Red Mansions".Besides,it is also beneficial for the construction of contemporary literary appreciation.%《红楼梦》评点自脂砚斋以来一直是受到《红楼梦》读者喜爱的一种文学鉴赏和文学批评的特有形式。当代《红楼梦》评点影响最大的当属周汝昌、冯其庸、蔡义江、王蒙等"四家评","四家评"正广为流传,并受到《红楼梦》读者的喜爱。"四家评"不仅拓宽了《红楼梦》的研究视野和研究途径,也在一定程度上实现了传统小说评点尤其是《红楼梦》评点理论品格的自我提升,并且有益于当代文艺鉴赏学的建设。

  6. Nicolas Delruelle (1965 - 2016)

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Nicolas Delruelle passed his degree in aerospace engineering with flying colours at the University of Liège, Belgium, in 1987. He was soon recruited by the FN Moteur company, a subsidiary of Snecma, and was seconded to the Société Européenne de Propulsion (SEP) in Vernon, France, where he worked on testing the cryogenic engines for the third stages of the Ariane rockets. Subsequently he developed and carried out simulations for the new Vulcain cryogenic engine, for use on the Ariane 5 rockets.   At the end of 1991, Nicolas was recruited by CERN to join the Cryogenics group, where he worked on the SPS superconducting cavities, for the injection of electrons and positrons into LEP. He proved his mastery of cryogenic processes by taking delivery of two helium coolers allowing the superconducting cavities to be cooled to 4.5 K. In the early 1990s, CERN was deploying real-time process monitoring using microprocessors for the first time. Nicolas played a pion...

  7. Portrait. Nicolas Bourriaud

    OpenAIRE

    Muracciole, Marie

    2012-01-01

    L’art est entré dans la vie de Nicolas Bourriaud par la bibliothèque familiale, à Niort, avant d’en faire l’expérience en 1983 dans l’exposition Yves Klein au Centre Pompidou. Le catalogue lui apparaît comme une mine d’or. Il a dix-sept ans, et Pierre Restany, prescripteur littéraire du Nouveau Réalisme, restera pour lui un modèle. En 1985, Bourriaud fonde avec Jean-Yves Jouannais et Christophe Duchatelet la société Perpendiculaire, et en 1995 la revue éponyme. Un pamphlet de Bourriaud dans L...

  8. Feng Shui dalam Mendesain Logo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Monica

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A good logo is a reflection of a corporate identity, vision and mission, as well as a summary of the company's character. Feng shui is the ancient Chinese science of topography is believed to affect the success of making a good logo. According to Feng shui, every color, shape, letters, and numbers can affect the energy contained in the company logo. And these factors also have a grouping of the elements of each, a case of elements of earth, metal, fire, wood, and water. If the combination of the elements is wrong, it will create a destructive energy flowing so that hamper the pace of corporate fortunes. With the approach of the study and literature review, this article will explain how the relationship between the selection of colors, shapes, letters, and numbers in accordance with Feng Shui and may still have some artistic value.  

  9. Feng Shui dalam Mendesain Logo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A good logo is a reflection of a corporate identity, vision and mission, as well as a summary of the company's character. Feng shui is the ancient Chinese science of topography is believed to affect the success of making a good logo. According to Feng shui, every color, shape, letters, and numbers can affect the energy contained in the company logo. And these factors also have a grouping of the elements of each, a case of elements of earth, metal, fire, wood, and water. If the combination of the elements is wrong, it will create a destructive energy flowing so that hamper the pace of corporate fortunes. With the approach of the study and literature review, this article will explain how the relationship between the selection of colors, shapes, letters, and numbers in accordance with Feng Shui and may still have some artistic value.

  10. 南邠碾子坡先周文化遗存的性质分析%A Study of the Nature of the Pre-dynastic Zhou Cultural Remains at Nianzipo, Nanbin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡谦盈

    2005-01-01

    Nianzipo is a pre-dynastic Zhou site left over from the time the Zhou people lived at Bin. The rich cultural remains there discovered are roughly identical to those from the later residential places Qi, Feng and Hao also of the pre-dynastic Zhou and the Zhou proper. Belonging to the same type,the antiquities from these localities, especially the pottery, show clear evolutionary traces and inheritance relationship. Commonness is reflected also from the aspects of writing, divination and burial custom.These demonstrate to the full that all the above-mentioned relics are the Zhou people' s cultural remains coming down in one continuous line. The notions attributing the Nianzipo remains to the so-called “Liujia culture, ” “Liujia type” or “Rong-Di people's culture” rather than the pre-dynastic Zhou culture all have no enough evidence and do not conform to the rule of archaeological culture naming.

  11. Later Zhou Sejong's Cultural Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PAN Qing

    2015-01-01

    Sejong wanted to stabilize the control. He paid attention to strengthen cultural enlightenment and implement cultural policy from educating people, choosing capable person, repairing history, limiting Buddhism, respecting Confucianism and other aspects. The wind of literature rise gradually. It is conducive to research the developmental trajectory of Later Zhou Dynasty.

  12. Zhou Fohai:Changeable Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>As we know,Zhou Fohai had changed his identity for three times in his life.He was once an representative of"first national congress"of CPC and deputy secretary;in 1924,he withdrew from CPC,and became trusted follower of Jiang Kai-shek and"NO 1 Central Committee"in Kuomintang;during anti-

  13. Landscape Design and Feng-Shui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Erdinc

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Feng-shui is a comprehensive concept dealing with design professions such as city and regional planning, architecture, indoor design and landscape architecture as a design phenomenon. It is also a design concept including space design principles whose main design aims are observing nature to ensure balance with nature and conserving nature by designing harmonies environments with nature. These principles make feng-shui extracted only from being hobby, mystical belief or art. Many actual design approaches such as sustainable design, ecological settlements, ecological planning and design were based on this philosophy which appeared centuries ago in the Far East. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the theoretical base and the implementations of feng-shui and to determine the ideal feng-shui models in open green space design approaches. At the first stage conceptual explanation about feng-shui and the development of feng-shui through history was set. At the second stage experiences and application at international stage were discussed. And, finally the usage of feng-shui in landscape architecture design was evaluated and proposals were offered.

  14. Nicolas Sarkozy a recu son homologue estonien

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Prantsusmaa president Nicolas Sarkozy pakkus 7. aprillil 2008 Elysée palees kohtumisel president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega Eestile Prantsusmaa abi tuumaenergeetika küsimustes. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Pariisis 6.-8.04.2008

  15. Nicolas Sarkozy a recu son homologue estonien

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Prantsusmaa president Nicolas Sarkozy pakkus 7. aprillil 2008 Elysée palees kohtumisel president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega Eestile Prantsusmaa abi tuumaenergeetika küsimustes. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Pariisis 6.-8.04.2008

  16. Feng shui viis elementi / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Feng shui õpetuse kohaselt on viie põhielemendi vahelised suhted vastastikku loovad või hävitavad ja elementide kasutamisel oma isikliku ruumi kujundamisel tuleb arvestada eelkõige elementide omavahelisi seoseid

  17. Feng shui viis elementi / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Feng shui õpetuse kohaselt on viie põhielemendi vahelised suhted vastastikku loovad või hävitavad ja elementide kasutamisel oma isikliku ruumi kujundamisel tuleb arvestada eelkõige elementide omavahelisi seoseid

  18. Nicola Cabibbo (1935-2010)

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

      Nicola Cabibbo, one of the most important theoretical physicists of our time, died of cancer in Rome on 16 August, 2010 at the age of 75.   Copyright Massimo Silvano, ICTP Photo Archives. Before the discovery of quarks, he gave the correct formulation of the weak current couplings that in modern terms corresponds to the phenomenon of quark mixing. His formulation, in terms of the famous Cabibbo angle, was later extended to three families of fermions (and more recently also applied to neutrino mixing), and plays an essential role in the Standard Model of fundamental interactions. Over the years he applied his extremely lucid, deep and flexible mind to a wide range of problems, also including experiments, such as the measurement in 1963 of the electron helicity in muon decay, and the conception and design of the parallel computers APE, which he developed, starting in the early 1980s, for the simulation of the QCD theory of the strong interactions on discrete space-time. Highly respect...

  19. Feng shui põhiprintsiibid - ajastamine / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Mida mõistetakse ajastamise all feng shui's. Feng shui abil endale soodsa elukoha leidmisel tuleb silmas pidada järgnevaid põhielemente: chi energia, mäed, vesi, tuul, maapind, suund ja orientatsioon ning ajastamine

  20. Feng shui põhiprintsiibid - ajastamine / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Mida mõistetakse ajastamise all feng shui's. Feng shui abil endale soodsa elukoha leidmisel tuleb silmas pidada järgnevaid põhielemente: chi energia, mäed, vesi, tuul, maapind, suund ja orientatsioon ning ajastamine

  1. Weierstrass semigroups and the Feng-Rao Distance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campillo, Antonio; Farran, Ignacio

    2000-01-01

    We detrmine the Feng-Rao distance for several claases of codes from algebraic geometry usingthe weierstrass semigroups......We detrmine the Feng-Rao distance for several claases of codes from algebraic geometry usingthe weierstrass semigroups...

  2. Feng shui taevased olendid / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Traditsioonilise maastikukoolkonna feng shui sümboliteks on roheline draakon, valge tiiger, must kilpkonn, punane fööniks. Taevased olendid tähistavad eelkõige maastikuvorme, nende abil võib tähistada olemasolevaid ehitisi ja struktuure, mis ümbritsevad meie kodu

  3. Feng shui taevased olendid / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Traditsioonilise maastikukoolkonna feng shui sümboliteks on roheline draakon, valge tiiger, must kilpkonn, punane fööniks. Taevased olendid tähistavad eelkõige maastikuvorme, nende abil võib tähistada olemasolevaid ehitisi ja struktuure, mis ümbritsevad meie kodu

  4. A remembrance of Professor TP FENG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Richard W. Tsien

    2007-01-01

    @@ It is both an honor and pleasure to be given this opportunity to remember Professor TP FENG and his many contributions.He made many important scientific discoveries,labored mightily to establish firmly Physiology and Neuroscience in China,and was a major force in setting a high standard for scientific inquiry.

  5. Feng Yun-A higher Class

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    TO this Weiqi player, rising to a higher class is like climbing a mountain. Hangzhou city is a lucky place for Feng Yun for it is where she won her first national championship 10 years ago. Commonly known by it's Japanese name "Go", Weiqi is actually of Chinese origin and is a game of

  6. Nicolas Sarkozy - kas Prantsusmaa ajalooline võimalus / Margo Pajuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajuste, Margo

    2007-01-01

    Prantsusmaa presidendi Nicolas Sarkozy neli esimest ametikuud. Kevadel presidendiks valitud poliitikult ootavad prantslased esmalt lahendusi päevaprobleemidele, kuid eelkõige Prantsusmaa positsiooni taastamist rahvusvahelisel areenil

  7. Nicolas Sarkozy - kas Prantsusmaa ajalooline võimalus / Margo Pajuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajuste, Margo

    2007-01-01

    Prantsusmaa presidendi Nicolas Sarkozy neli esimest ametikuud. Kevadel presidendiks valitud poliitikult ootavad prantslased esmalt lahendusi päevaprobleemidele, kuid eelkõige Prantsusmaa positsiooni taastamist rahvusvahelisel areenil

  8. WACANA POLITIK NICOLAS SARKOZY: ANALISIS PSIKOSTRUKTURAL LACANIAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aprilia Firmonasari

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The article attempts to analyze Nicolas Sarkozy’s political discourse in the 2007 French Presidential Election. His political campaign ended up in victory and he was later voted the President of France. The analysis adopts Lacanian psycho-structural analysis because it enables the writer to uncover which type of passion Sarkozy promoted in his political discourse. In the efforts to gain vote, Sarkozy’s political discourse was set to be persuasive and provocative in nature raising the issue of passive narcissist passion. This issue was accomplished through the use of signs, metonymies, and metaphors.

  9. Wind resource assessment: San Nicolas Island, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKenna, E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Olsen, T.L. [Timothy L. Olsen Consulting, (United States)

    1996-01-01

    San Nicolas Island (SNI) is the site of the Navy Range Instrumentation Test Site which relies on an isolated diesel-powered grid for its energy needs. The island is located in the Pacific Ocean 85 miles southwest of Los Angeles, California and 65 miles south of the Naval Air Weapons Station (NAWS), Point Mugu, California. SNI is situated on the continental shelf at latitude N33{degree}14` and longitude W119{degree}27`. It is approximately 9 miles long and 3.6 miles wide and encompasses an area of 13,370 acres of land owned by the Navy in fee title. Winds on San Nicolas are prevailingly northwest and are strong most of the year. The average wind speed is 7.2 m/s (14 knots) and seasonal variation is small. The windiest months, March through July, have wind speeds averaging 8.2 m/s (16 knots). The least windy months, August through February, have wind speeds averaging 6.2 m/s (12 knots).

  10. On the Feng-Rao bound for generalized hamming weights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geil, Hans Olav; Thommesen, Christian

    2006-01-01

    The Feng-Rao bound gives good estimates of the minimum distance of a large class of codes. In this work we are concerned with the problem of how to extend the Feng-Rao bound so that it deals with all the generalized Hamming weights. The problem was solved by Heijnen and Pellikaan in [7] for a lar...

  11. Persuasion: Nicolas Pineau's Designs on the Social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott, Katie

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay offers a Latourian account of the wood sculptor Nicolas Pineau's design process via a reading of Jean-François Bastide's novella La petite maison. It argues that the conventional form assumed by his drawings or 'inscriptions' – the indications of scale, the delineation of options, the signatures and marginal notes – can be read as traces of seduction that helped 'translate' potential patrons to a taste for Rococo. The essay further suggests that the activation of the taste at the point of commission was kept alive in the designs executed by the bi-modal asymmetry that is characteristic of the goût pittoresque because its exercise was considered a mark of refinement.

  12. Bronze Inscription Calendar and Western Zhou Kings' Reigns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张长寿; 莫润先

    2003-01-01

    In the inscriptions of Western Zhou bronzes there are quantities of calendrical data recording years, months and days. Of them are those completely indicating the year of king's reign, the moon, the lunar phase, and the day designated by the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches system. These records are of great significance to studying the Western Zhou calendar, establishing the bronze inscription calendar, and identifying the reigning years of the Western Zhou kings.

  13. Nicolae Ceausescu si Santiago Carrillo: Despre reforma internationalismului comunist

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cezar Stanciu

    2014-01-01

    .... It explores the similarities and differences between the visions of Nicolae Ceausescu and Santiago Carrillo on the reform of the world Communist movement and also the new meaning attributed by both...

  14. On the Feng-Rao bound for generalized Hamming weights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geil, Olav; Thommesen, Christian

    2005-01-01

    The Feng-Rao bound gives good estimates of the minimum distance of a large class of codes. In this work we are concerned with the problem of how to extend the Feng-Rao bound so that it deals with all the generalized Hamming weights. The problem was solved by Heijnen and Pellikaan in [7] for a large...... family of codes that includes the duals of one-point geometric Goppa codes and the q-ary Reed-Muller codes, but not the Feng-Rao improved such ones. We show that Heijnen and Pellikaan’s results holds for the more general class of codes for which the traditional Feng-Rao bound can be applied. We also...... establish the connection to the Shibuya-Sakaniwa bound for generalized Hamming weights ([15], [16], [17], [18], [19] and [20]). More precisely we show that the Shibuya-Sakaniwa bound is a consequence of the extended Feng-Rao bound. In particular the extended Feng-Rao bound gives always at least as good...

  15. Nicolas Sarkozy de hervormer en het personalistisch presidentschap

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pas, N.

    2009-01-01

    Niek Pas explains that Nicolas Sarkozy's leadership qualities are difficult to assess. He represents a com­plex political persona and is both a representative and dissident within the thoroughly personalized French political culture. Although he presented himself as an outsider in the 2007 president

  16. Keeping Current: Feng Shui and the School Library Media Specialist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barron, Daniel D.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the changing shift in education, including learning resources centers, from a production to a consumer mind-set, focusing on the activity of learning rather than teaching. Highlights include learning communities; personal mastery; developing a vision; the interconnectedness of organizations; harmony and balance, similar to feng shui; and…

  17. Eestimaine feng shui talus ja mõisas / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2006-01-01

    Geobioloogia ja feng shui asjatundjad Siret ja Janno Seeder on uurinud ja mõõtnud Eesti talukohtade ja mõisate energeetikat. Ilmneb, et on osatud end loodusenergiatega tasakaalu seada. S. ja J. Seederi nõuandeid uue maja ehitajaile

  18. Keeping Current: Feng Shui and the School Library Media Specialist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barron, Daniel D.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the changing shift in education, including learning resources centers, from a production to a consumer mind-set, focusing on the activity of learning rather than teaching. Highlights include learning communities; personal mastery; developing a vision; the interconnectedness of organizations; harmony and balance, similar to feng shui; and…

  19. Eestimaine feng shui talus ja mõisas / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2006-01-01

    Geobioloogia ja feng shui asjatundjad Siret ja Janno Seeder on uurinud ja mõõtnud Eesti talukohtade ja mõisate energeetikat. Ilmneb, et on osatud end loodusenergiatega tasakaalu seada. S. ja J. Seederi nõuandeid uue maja ehitajaile

  20. Dr. Feng Xinghua's Experience in Treating Ankylosing Spondylitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Hongxiao

    2006-01-01

    @@ Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rheumatic disease mainly involving the axial joints, characterized by sacro-iliilis and rigid spine. Dr. Feng Xinghua from Guang'anmen Hospital affiliated to China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences has been engaged in the clinical research and treatment of arthralgia syndrome for more than 30 years. His experience is summarized as follows.

  1. Nicola gen. nov. with redescription of Nicola tetela (Borojevic & Peixinho, 1976) (Porifera: Calcarea: Calcinea: Clathrinida).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cóndor-Luján, B; Klautau, M

    2016-04-13

    Guancha tetela was originally described as a species having a peduncle and a skeleton exclusively composed of sagittal triactines. Therefore, according to the most recent phylogeny of Clathrinida, it should be placed in the genus Clathrina. This species was collected on the Northeastern Brazilian coast in 1968 and it was not collected again until 2011 in Curaçao. In this study, we reanalyzed the type material and the new specimens from Curaçao under a morphological-molecular approach. Morphological analysis revealed the presence of tetractines in the skeleton of all the studied specimens, including a slide of the holotype. In the molecular phylogeny G. tetela grouped with genera containing tetractines, but as an independent new lineage, different from all the other genera of Clathrinida. Based on these results, we propose the erection of a new genus, Nicola gen. nov., to include species whose body is composed of tubes without anastomosis nor branches but that run in parallel and coalesce at the apical and basal regions. Moreover, the skeleton is exclusively composed of sagittal triactines and tetractines.

  2. Le sentiment religieux dans le Jeu de Saint Nicolas

    OpenAIRE

    Rey-Flaud, Henri

    2014-01-01

    Le Jeu de saint Nicolas est un miracle, c'est même le premier miracle dramatisé en français. Il appartient donc de fait au théâtre religieux, au théâtre qui "relie" les hommes entre eux, les hommes au groupe, les hommes à la divinité. La religion dans le Jeu de saint Nicolas, ce sont d'abord les dieux païens, incarnés par Tervagan qui sont comme une caricature de la divinité selon Bodel. Le dieu païen est coupé des hommes. Il s'adresse à eux par l'oracle ambigu au Roi (v. 183). D'emblée, il n...

  3. Intellectual pursuits of Nicolas Rashevsky the queer duck of biology

    CERN Document Server

    Shmailov, Maya M

    2016-01-01

    Who was Nicolas Rashevsky? To answer that question, this book draws on Rashevsky’s unexplored personal archival papers and shares interviews with his family, students and friends, as well as discussions with biologists and mathematical biologists, to flesh out and complete the picture. “Most modern-day biologists have never heard of Rashevsky. Why?” In what constitutes the first detailed biography of theoretical physicist Nicolas Rashevsky (1899-1972), spanning key aspects of his long scientific career, the book captures Rashevsky’s ways of thinking about the place mathematical biology should have in biology and his personal struggle for the acceptance of his views. It brings to light the tension between mathematicians, theoretical physicists and biologists when it comes to the introduction of physico-mathematical tools into biology. Rashevsky’s successes and failures in his efforts to establish mathematical biology as a subfield of biology provide an important test case for understanding the role o...

  4. The new Weibo service for company Ju Zhou Kan

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Chen

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is creating a new Weibo service of Company Ju Zhou Kan. Company Ju Zhou Kan is a real estate magazine company. In order to give a suitable service for the case company, first is to analyze the company competitive and to get the shortages of the company. Second is the theoretical support of social media and Weibo. Third is to find out factors influenced Weibo in the external and internal environment of Kunming. Last is to confirm the new Weibo service and implement W...

  5. Prof.Zhou Yiqiang'S Experience in Treatment of Lung Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范宏宇; 王黎军

    2004-01-01

    @@ Bronchogenic carcinoma, the dominant form of malignant lung cancers, refers to canceration of the bronchial mucosa. Prof. Zhou accumulated a wealth of experience in treating complicated diseases with TCM measures and was especially skillful in treating lung cancers. His understandings about the art of treating lung cancers often brought about excellent results.

  6. FENG SHUI IN MODERN HOUSE DESIGN SEARCHING FOR THE RATIONALE AND POSSIBLE IMPACTS ASSESSMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OCTAVIA Linda

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The Feng Shui, the "wind-water", is a Chinese system of geomancy using the laws of both Heaven and Earth for harmony and balance of life with the positive qi. Feng Shui is widely used to orient temples, palaces, shops, houses, and other structures, with the reference to local features such as bodies of water, stars, or a compass. The Feng Shui also informs the physical arrangements for manipulation and channeling the qi (positive or negative energy. Although Feng Shui is related to traditional believe and propitious manner, but some of its principles are rational. The current research is conducted to investigate any positive impacts of the Feng Shui application in modern house design. A house in Jakarta designed with Feng Shui was analyzed. The strategies were later examined based on the sustainable architectural design principles, especially its impact on the house functionality.

  7. Fast Erasure and Error decoding of Algebraic Geometry Codes up to the Feng-Rao Bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Sakata, S.; Leonard, D.

    1996-01-01

    This paper gives an errata(that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-massey algorithm and the votin procedure of Feng and Rao.......This paper gives an errata(that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-massey algorithm and the votin procedure of Feng and Rao....

  8. Nicola Cusano e il foro astronomico al castello di Andraz

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Dona', G.

    Cardinal Nicolas from Cues (1401-1464) was friend of Paolo Toscanelli and one of the first supporters of heliocentrism. He carved a tube in the south western wall of a room of the castle of Andraz. It was possibly used to calculate the date of the winter solstice, in order to evaluate the corrections needed to the Julian calendar then in use. The astronomical use of this tube is described. The accuracy achievable in the measurement of the solstice is surprising. It is possible that the tubes made by Gerbert of Aurillac (945-1003) were used with similar awareness.

  9. 33 CFR 110.220 - Pacific Ocean at San Nicolas Island, Calif.; restricted anchorage areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Pacific Ocean at San Nicolas Island, Calif.; restricted anchorage areas. (a) The restricted areas—(1) East area. All waters within a circle having a radius of one nautical mile centered at latitude 33°13′45... approximately 101°, 420 yards, from San Nicolas Island East End Light. (2) West area. Shoreward of a...

  10. Legends about Legends: Abraham Eleazar's Adaptation of Nicolas Flamel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priesner, Claus

    2016-02-01

    This paper explores the relationship between three illustrated alchemical treatises, all of which are associated with Jewish adepts: the famous Le Livre des figures hieroglyphiques attributed to Nicolas Flamel, and two treatises published in 1735 in Erfurt-the Uraltes Chymisches Werckh and the Donum Dei. The Werckh is supposedly written by Rabbi Abraham Eleazar, while the Donum Dei is attributed to an ancient alchemist-cabalist, Rabbi Samuel Baruch. I argue that these authors are fictitious, and that both works were in fact written in the early eighteenth century by their supposed editor, the probably pseudonymous Julius Gervasius. Gervasius connects the Werckh with the legend of Nicolas Flamel by suggesting that it is based on the original, Jewish manuscript which helped Flamel to find the Stone of the Sages. Gervasius used various strategies to confer a sense of Jewish "authenticity" on these works, borrowing from contemporary (non-Jewish) perceptions of Jewish ritual, Hebrew language, and Christian Cabala. The Werckh also borrows and adapts a sequence of allegorical illustrations from those in pseudo-Flamel's Livre, and I compare the two sets of figures and, where possible, interpret them. I conclude that the later works in fact teach us far more about the state of alchemy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries than they do about either medieval alchemy or Judaism.

  11. PENERAPAN FORMULA FENG SHUI DENGAN PERTIMBANGAN FORM DALAM BANGUNAN DAN LINGKUNGAN BINAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Mariana

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Feng Shui merupakan ilmu Tiongkok kuno yang digunakan sebagai salah satu pendekatan desain dan penataan lingkungan binaan hingga zaman ini. Namun, banyak pihak lupa, tidak sadar, atau bahkan tidak tahu bahwa Feng Shui juga mementingkan bentuk (form dan bukan hanya penerapan formula atau perhitungan saja. Masalah muncul pada image praktisi Feng Shui yang negatif, yaitu bagi mayoritas arsitek, pelaksana bangunan dan sebagian pihak pemilik proyek, jika praktisi Feng Shui terlibat, desain akan berantakan, aneh, tidak enak dilihat, dan membuat bingung mereka semua. Makalah ini mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis empat pendekatan yang lazim diterapkan oleh praktisi Feng Shui yang pada praktiknya lebih banyak menekankan penerapan formula dan melupakan bentuk (form, padahal teori dasar Feng Shui menyatakan bahwa penerapannya menitikberatkan keserasian dengan lingkungan. Di sini juga ditunjukkan bahwa masing-masing pendekatan dapat ditengahi secara logis tanpa menyalahi aturan dasar Feng Shui itu sendiri. Hasil pembahasan memperlihatkan bahwa bentuk (form dan penerapan formula dalam Feng Shui bukan merupakan hal yang saling terpisah, tetapi justru diperlukan diterapkan bersamaan untuk tujuan desain yang baik.

  12. Site Planning Here and There: Comparing Western Site Planning and Design and Eastern Feng Shui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mintai Kim

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Feng Shui, in comparison with contemporary site design tools, employs a broad range of criteria in the observation and assessment of a site. Feng Shui includes information that is gathered at a different level of awareness and used to define what it is that causes a space to feel the way it does. As a result, Feng Shui may better respond to human needs and perceptions by providing the physical conditions that are comfortable for people using the space. One of the intentions of this study is to close the gap between Western ('here' and Eastern ('there' ideas. This study examines 1 whether or not Feng Shui and Western site planning are comparable, and 2 if Feng Shui can be a valid planning, design and evaluation tool for modern site planning. We examine and compare urban plazas from both Feng Shui and Western site planning perspectives. The study assessed a variety of existing urban places in the Tucson and Phoenix metropolitan areas, and Sedona, Arizona for conditions of human comfort as measured by 1 Feng Shui principles, and 2 contemporary site design recommendations. This study used the principles of Feng Shui as the criteria for evaluation of urban spaces based on human needs for physical comfort. Results of this study indicate that places that are well designed from a Feng Shui point of view are also perceived as well designed from a contemporary site design vantage. The outcome suggests that Feng Shui is a valuable tool in the site design process for Western designers.

  13. Hybrid energy system cost analysis: San Nicolas Island, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olsen, T.L.; McKenna, E.

    1996-07-01

    This report analyzes the local wind resource and evaluates the costs and benefits of supplementing the current diesel-powered energy system on San Nicolas Island, California (SNI), with wind turbines. In Section 2.0 the SNI site, naval operations, and current energy system are described, as are the data collection and analysis procedures. Section 3.0 summarizes the wind resource data and analyses that were presented in NREL/TP 442-20231. Sections 4.0 and 5.0 present the conceptual design and cost analysis of a hybrid wind and diesel energy system on SNI, with conclusions following in Section 6. Appendix A presents summary pages of the hybrid system spreadsheet model, and Appendix B contains input and output files for the HYBRID2 program.

  14. La stratégie communicative de Nicolas Sarkozy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna Pigliapochi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyses the communicational strategy followed by French President Nicolas Sarkozy, before, during and after his rise to power. Starting from the studies on political communication carried out by the sociologists Dominique Wolton and Jacques Gerstlé, this paper traces the innovative stylistic elements of Sakozy's political language, highlighting the reasons of his election success and the causes of his fluctuating popularity afterwards. Moreover, the French President's finely structured media strategy is investigated, focusing in particular on the personalization tendency and the building of a powerful public image. Furthermore, this essay examines the main symbols and communicational themes utilized by the French President, with the aim of  exploring and evaluating their influence on the electorate and on the public opinion.

  15. 聚焦尼古拉%Spotighto Nicola

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ 由Cheryl Tweedy、Kimberley Walsh、Nadine Coyle、Nicola Roberts 、Sarah Harding 五位才艺美少女所组成的"女孩乐团",在2003年各界瞩目下推出首张专辑"Sound Of The Underground" 中入全英专辑榜亚军,同时推出的单曲"No Good Advice"也入座单曲榜亚军位置.别以为漂亮的美眉就只会搔首弄姿跳着既定舞步, "女孩乐团"要让你耳目一新!

  16. 细胞信号传导抑制剂Glivec的研究进展%Research Advance on Cell Signal Blocking Agent Zhou Aiping Reviewed by Feng Fengyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周爱萍; 冯奉仪

    2003-01-01

    @@ 研究表明细胞信号传导异常与一些恶性肿瘤的发生和发展密切相关,抑制异常的细胞信号传导是恶性肿瘤治疗的又一新靶点.2001年5月10日美国FDA批准了一个用于治疗慢性粒细胞性白血病(CML)的酪氨酸激酶抑制剂Imatinib,即甲磺酸伊马替尼,商品名为Glivec.Glivec是第一个被正式批准用于治疗恶性肿瘤的细胞信号传导的抑制剂.

  17. Rock Engineering Design by Xiating Feng and John A Hudson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    E.T.Brown

    2012-01-01

    This highly original and innovative book is the outcome of the work of the Commission on Rock Engineering Design Methodology of the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM) in the period 2007-2011.The work of the Commission was managed by the authors,Professor John A Hudson,ISRM President for 2007-2011,and Professor Xiating Feng,ISRM President for 2011-2015,in association with the Chinese Society for Rock Mechanics and Engineering.Recently,this reviewer (2011) has argued that the work of its Commissions has been among the major achievements of the ISRM in the 50 years since its foundation in 1962.This book adds to that impressive record of achievement.

  18. Nicolae Ceausescu and Santiago Carrillo. On the reform of proletarian internationalism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cezar Stanciu

    2014-01-01

    .... It explores the similarities and differences between the visions of Nicolae Ceaușescu and Santiago Carrillo on the reform of the world Communist movement and also the new meaning attributed by both to proletarian internationalism...

  19. Sul foro nella stanza di Nicola Cusano al castello di Andraz: un'ipotesi astronomica

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Donà, G.

    2011-02-01

    Nicolas Krebs (Kues 1401 - Todi 1464), also called Nicola Cusano, or Nicholas of Cusa - reached the Castello di Andraz (BL, Italy), where he lived for a long period. In a wall of his room there is a hole representing a possible astronomical function. In this paper, the author illustrates the orientation of the hole and suggests that it is been created by the great German thinker to correct the Julian calendar.

  20. A Preliminary Study of the Western Zhou Building Foundations at Yuntang in Fufeng, Shaanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐良高; 王巍; 丁晓雷

    2003-01-01

    From autumn 1999 through the year 2000, Zhouyuan Archaeological Team excavated a set of Western Zhou building foundations, which was well preserved and uniquely designed. It is significantly valuable for the research on the ritual system of the Western Zhou Dynasty. We here by try to make a preliminary study on its structure and function with reference of historical literature.

  1. An Analysis of the Feminine Awakening of Rebecca and Xi-feng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xue

    2013-01-01

    In Rebecca and A Dream of Red Mansions, the authors create two similar female characters -Rebecca and Wang Xi-feng,who have aroused numerous discussions among scholars. Although Rebecca and Xi-feng live in different times, they are quite similar in their characters and destinies, and are often referred as representatives of awakened female. This dissertation in-tends to conduct a cross-culture comparison between Rebecca and Xi-feng by answering the following questions: 1) what are the historical and individual causes of the feminine awakening of Rebecca and Xi-feng; 2) what are the similarities between Re-becca’s and Xi-feng’s feminine consciousness? 3) What are the differences between Rebecca and A Dream of Red Mansions in dis-playing characters’feminine consciousness?

  2. Prantsuse tsüklon liigub üle euroliidu : Nicolas Sarkozy tegevus valmistab Berliinile peavalu / Jeroen Bult

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bult, Jeroen

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise meedia arvamusest Prantsusmaa presidendi Nicolas Sarkozy kohta. Jeroen Bult leiab, et Sarkozy on suutnud meediale muljet avaldada, ometi pole tema tegevus euroliidus kandnud loodetud vilja

  3. Complete solution to a conjecture of Zhang-Liu-Zhou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Tavakoli

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Let dn;m = 2n+1 and En;m be the graph obtained from a path Pdn;m+1 = v0v1:::vdn;m by joining each vertex of Kn by joining each vertex of Kn. Zhang, Liu and Zhou [On the maximal eccentric connectivity indices of graphs, Appl. Math. J. Chinese Univ., in press] conjectured that if dn;m > 3, then En;m is the graph with maximal eccentric connectivity ndex among all connected graph with n vertices and m edges. In this note, we prove this conjecture. Moreover, we present the graph with maximal eccentric connectivity index among the connected graphs with n vertices. Finally, the minimum of this graph invariant n the classes of tricyclic and tetracyclic graphs are computed.

  4. A Survey of the Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xi Zezong

    2002-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ. Goals In connection with the history of science, the XiaShang-Zhou Chronology Project is one of the important projects of the National Key Science and Technology Research and Development Programme of the Ninth Five-Year Plan. It officially began in May 1996.After five years of effort by more than 200 scholars and experts from the Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Peking University and other institutions, the project has attained its goal. The general goal of the project is to establish a chronological table for the three dynasties by means of combining the humanities and social sciences with the natural sciences. The concrete goals for different historical periods are:

  5. 110th Anniversary of Premier Zhou’s Birthday What qualifications make Zhou Enlai a leader?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Zhou Enlai (1898. 3. 5—1976. 1. 8) was one of the most lasting statesman of the PRC. He survived 60 years of revolutionary turmoil, five civil wars, two World Wars and 12 years of Japanese invasion.

  6. Delegation of“Zhou Enlai and Japan”Exhibition Visits Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Japan-China Friendship Association(JCFA) and the Japan Foundation,the delegation of the"Zhou Enlai and Japan"exhibition with Wang Xiaoxian, Vice President of the China -Japan Friendship Association(CJFA), as its head,and Zhao Wei,Secretary of Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao,as its advisor,paid a visit to Japan from October 27 to 30,2009.

  7. Fast Erasure-and error decoding of algebraic geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao bound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høholdt, Tom; Jensen, Helge Elbrønd; Sakata, Shojiro

    1998-01-01

    This correspondence gives an errata (that is erasure-and error-) decoding algorithm of one-point algebraic-geometry codes up to the Feng-Rao designed minimum distance using Sakata's multidimensional generalization of the Berlekamp-Massey algorithm and the voting procedure of Feng and Rao....

  8. Feng shui väärtus on vaimujõus / Marika Tomberg ; komment. Lea Eermann, komment. Rein Weber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Marika

    1999-01-01

    Feng shui järgi korraldatud Lea Eermanni kodust Nõmmel. Feng shui- ja geobioloogia-alase nõustamisega tegelev arhitekt Rein Weber keskkonna mõjust tervisele, magamistoast. Enda ja maja kaitsmisest halbade mõjude eest. 10 illustratsiooni

  9. Feng shui väärtus on vaimujõus / Marika Tomberg ; komment. Lea Eermann, komment. Rein Weber

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Marika

    1999-01-01

    Feng shui järgi korraldatud Lea Eermanni kodust Nõmmel. Feng shui- ja geobioloogia-alase nõustamisega tegelev arhitekt Rein Weber keskkonna mõjust tervisele, magamistoast. Enda ja maja kaitsmisest halbade mõjude eest. 10 illustratsiooni

  10. Pricking, Cupping and Qu Feng Tiao Ying Decoction for Treatment of Chronic Urticaria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘代红

    2002-01-01

    @@ Chronic urticaria is a commonly encountered skin illness characterized by protracted course and recurrent episodes. The author had treated 26 cases of chronic urticaria by pricking, cupping and Qu Feng Tiao Ying (QFTY) decoction (祛风调营汤the Wind-dispelling and Ying system-regulating Decoction) with satisfactory results. A report is as follows.

  11. Chaos Control and Synchronization of a Hyperchaotic Zhou System by Integral Sliding Mode control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yashar Toopchi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an adaptive integral sliding mode control scheme is proposed for synchronization of hyperchaotic Zhou systems. In the proposed scheme, an integral sliding mode control is designed to stabilize a hyperchaotic Zhou system with known parameters to its unstable equilibrium at the origin. The control is then applied to the synchronization of two identical systems, i.e., a slave and a master hyperchaotic Zhou system with unknown parameters. The adaptive control mechanism introduced synchronizes the systems by estimating the unknown parameters. Simulation results have shown that the proposed method has an excellent convergence from both speed and accuracy points of view, and it outperforms Vaidyanathan’s scheme, which is a well-recognized scheme in this area.

  12. Le temps comme explication de l'éternité chez Nicolas de Cues

    OpenAIRE

    Counet, Jean-Michel

    2003-01-01

    La présence de Boèce chez Nicolas de Cues est évidente à plus d’un titre. En lien avec la thèse controversée de Stump et Kretzmann selon laquelle l’éternité serait conçue par Boèce comme étendue, l’article s’efforce de savoir ce qu’il en est de l’éternité chez Nicolas de Cues. La coïncidence des opposés doit être comprise à ce niveau comme la présence simultanée et connexe de tous les moments du temps. Une durée est dès lors comprise comme une contraction particulière de l’éternité et elle ap...

  13. Diurnal variation of marine stratocumulus over San Nicolas Island during the FIRE IFO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, R.; Blaskovic, M.

    1990-01-01

    Preliminary analysis was made of data collected at San Nicolas Island during the Intensive Field Observation (IFO) phase of the First International Satellite Cloud Climatology Program's Regional Experiment (FIRE). Of particular interest was an examination of a distinct diurnal variation in the cloud properties, despite an apparent absence of diurnal forcing from the surface. Direct or indirect radiative modulation of such clouds, as proposed by Fravalo at el. (1981) and Turton and Nicholls (1987) indeed seems likely. Preliminary observational evidence for diurnal change in the marine stratocumulus adjacent to San Nicolas Island is presented. A comparison is then made between the observed behavior and predictions from theoretical models of the interactive effect of radiation on boundary layer clouds.

  14. (Impossibilities of Brasília in poems by Nicolas Behr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laíse Ribas Bastos

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Thinking on the poetry of Nicolas Behr may be as going through the city in its most varied configurations. In his poems, the city of Brasilia may be configured as a place of life or sterility, lack, return or escape, in a time and space that constitute city and subject. An impermanency. Based on the ideas of Foucault about the heterotopies, the aim of this study is to trace some relations between city and subject through the poetic operation done by Nicolas Behr in his text, in the images created or absent in Brasília – articulation among language, city and subject in the poem. Keywords: poetry; subject; Brasília

  15. [The anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp: The beginning of a medical utopia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosler, Roberto; Young, Pablo

    2011-04-01

    The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp was painted by Rembrandt Harmen-szoon van Rijn at the early age of 26 years. In the XVII century these paintings were very popular in the Netherlands, and in this country the cities flourished as cultural centers searching the anatomy knowledge. Nicolaes Tulp was one of the persons in the center of Amsterdam's scene during XVII century. In 1632 Tulp was 39 years old, and he was an anatomist and a surgeon. Rembrandt masterly shows an autopsy performed by Dr. Tulp. This picture is the description of the beginning of a medical intellectual utopia: the absolute visibility of the disease. Unfortunately this utopia is blind to the complete visibility of the psycho-socio-cultural dimensions of the ill.

  16. The use of AMS radiocarbon dating for Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology

    CERN Document Server

    Guo, Z Y; LiuKeXin; Lu Xiang Yang; Ma Hong Ji; Wu Xiao Hon; Yuan Si Xun

    2000-01-01

    The possibility and problems of using radiocarbon dating to historical chronology are discussed. The current situation of ancient Chinese chronology and the project of Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology are introduced. A chronological study requires the AMS radiocarbon dating with high precision, high reliability and high efficiency. The Peking University AMS facility (PKUAMS) has been upgraded and a series of quality control steps were adopted. To reduce the error of calendar age, wiggle matching with serial samples should be used. Some preliminary results of Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology are presented.

  17. Analysis and structural characterization of pigments and materials used in Nicolae Grigorescu heritage paintings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusu, R D; Simionescu, B; Oancea, A V; Geba, M; Stratulat, L; Salajan, D; Ursu, L E; Popescu, M C; Dobromir, M; Murariu, M; Cotofana, C; Olaru, M

    2016-11-01

    The combination of various mobile, non-invasive techniques (IR reflectography technique, optical microscopy, XRF, Raman and NIR spectroscopies) and lab-based devices (FTIR and XPS spectroscopies, SEM-EDX microscopy) lead to the first exhaustive investigation of pigments and materials used by the famous Romanian painter Nicolae Grigorescu in three cultural heritage paintings. The study of a large number of spots and samples allowed a rigorous analysis and a far-reaching insight into his work.

  18. Analysis and structural characterization of pigments and materials used in Nicolae Grigorescu heritage paintings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusu, R. D.; Simionescu, B.; Oancea, A. V.; Geba, M.; Stratulat, L.; Salajan, D.; Ursu, L. E.; Popescu, M. C.; Dobromir, M.; Murariu, M.; Cotofana, C.; Olaru, M.

    2016-11-01

    The combination of various mobile, non-invasive techniques (IR reflectography technique, optical microscopy, XRF, Raman and NIR spectroscopies) and lab-based devices (FTIR and XPS spectroscopies, SEM-EDX microscopy) lead to the first exhaustive investigation of pigments and materials used by the famous Romanian painter Nicolae Grigorescu in three cultural heritage paintings. The study of a large number of spots and samples allowed a rigorous analysis and a far-reaching insight into his work.

  19. The Freudian subject and the Maoist mind: the diaries of Hermine Hug-Hellmuth and Lei Feng.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Wendy

    2011-01-01

    Although written in vastly different cultural contexts and periods, Hermine Hug-Hellmuth's "Diary of a Young Girl" (1919) and Lei Feng's "The Diary of Lei Feng" (1963) both to a large extent were written as concept pieces, with the goal of illustrating specific theories of the self. In the case of Hug-Hellmuth, the underlying theory is the Freudian sexualized unconscious mind, whereas for Lei Feng, it is Maoist revolutionary optimism. Additionally, both diaries have unusually strong inauthentic or 'fake' aspects. Although Hug-Hellmuth never admitted to writing the diary, most critics believed it came from her pen. Lei Feng's diary was revised through his own attempts to present himself as politically progressive, by editors, and through successive political movements that focused on the person behind the diary and made him one of the most widely-recognized figures in China. As such, the diaries are excellent windows into powerful and long-lasting ideological constructs.

  20. China has a natural environment, too! Consumerist and ideological eco-imaginaries in the cinema of Feng Xiaogang

    OpenAIRE

    Neri, Corrado

    2013-01-01

    International audience; Feng Xiaogang, the 'Chinese Spielberg', produces huge blockbusters and hilarious comedies directed at a broad audience. Although his work does not strictly deal with environmental issues, it provides us with a privileged perspective through which to analyse the discourses around the theme of nature. Feng Xiaogang's works are not explicitly environmental, they do address the contradictions and differing anxieties linked to China's economic and environmental development....

  1. Treatment of urticaria from Feng Xie%从风邪论治荨麻疹

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟卫红; 莫惠芳; 储开宇

    2011-01-01

    Feng Xie closely related with the incidence of urticaria,from exogenous and endogenous aspects of urticaria and two of "Feng Xie," produced by different ways and their clinical features, propose appropriate treatment method for an accurate clinical identify causes and provide a reference syndrome.%荨麻疹的发病同风邪有密切关系,从外感、内生两个方面探讨荨麻疹之“风邪”产生的不同途径及各自的临床特点,提出相应的治法,为临床能够准确识别病因和辨证提供参考.

  2. Photo Exhibition of “Zhou Enlai and the Bandung Conference” Held in Indonesia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu; Yan

    2015-01-01

    Sixty years ago,world attention focused on the Indonesian city of Bandung where leaders of the emerging"Third World"were meeting to establish their voice in global affairs.A major figure at the Bandung Conference was undoubtedly the late Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai,whose achievements then were commemorated this April by China

  3. Zhou Jiansheng's World Heritage Photo Exhibition Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WangZhanqi

    2004-01-01

    To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship Between China and Japan, to give publicity to preservation of World Cultural and Natural Heritages, and to enhance cultural exchanges between China and Japan, the CPAFFC held “Zhou Jiansheng's World Heritage Photo Exhibition” at the Friendship Hall in the CPAFFC compound from November 18 to 22, 2003.

  4. Redescription of Cobitis longipectoralis Zhou, 1992 (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae) from late early Miocene of East China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHANG; Mee-Mann

    2010-01-01

    Here we revise a fossil cobitid species ■Cobitis longipectoralis Zhou, 1992, based mainly on a well-preserved specimen collected recently from the taxon’s type locality of the late early Miocene of Shanwang, Shandong Province, East China. The new specimen, along with those collected by Zhou, enables us to provide an emended diagnosis and more detailed description of the species by focusing on the characters such as the structures of the suborbital spine and the presence and shape of the lamina circularis at the base of the second pectoral fin ray in adult males, the presence of a frontoparietal fontanelle, and a quad- rate-metapterygoid fenestra, etc. The long pectoral fin, initially considered by Zhou as the most important character of the spe- cies, however, turns out to be not diagnostic for the species. ■Cobitis longipectoralis Zhou, 1992 is not only the most informative and best-preserved early cobitid fossil known thus far but also the only and earliest cobitid fossil from East Asia.

  5. 阳虚生风论%Theory of Feng-Syndrome Caused by Yang Deficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘远根

    2016-01-01

    The treatment of Feng-syndrome in TCM frequently focused on the wind syndromes caused by the strong hot, the hyperactivity of Yang, the Yin deficiency and the blood deficiency, but the Feng syndrome rarely deals with Yang deficiency. In this paper, we puts forward the Feng syndromes also caused by Yang deficiency and briefly discusses on it in the theory, the type of diseases and the syndrome differentiation, and then, to break down the syndrome differentiating keys with some clinical cases.%中医论风证的辨证治疗,向来仅注重火热、阳亢、阴虚、血虚等引起的风证,绝少论及阳虚动风。本文从阳虚生风的理论、病证类型、辨证要点等方面简要论述了阳虚阴盛同样引起动风证,并例举临床病例以详解辨证关键。

  6. Hu Qiaomu and Hu Feng Event%胡乔木与胡风案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成洁

    2015-01-01

    It had a gradual upgrade process on a critique of Hu Feng's literary thoughts and a political settlement to Hu Feng.As the senior vice minister of the Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the CPC,Hu Qiaomu played an important role on it.In October 1945,Hu Qiaomu still stayed in Chungking after Chungking Negotiations and counter-acted the effects of Hu Feng's literary thoughts by criticizing"subjectiveness".Public criticism to Hufeng launched by"popular literature series" was supported by Hu Qiaomuin in Hongkong in 1948.The first two years of the founding of new China,Hu Qiaomu talked with Hufeng for many times to solve his ideological problems.Hu Qiaomu also organized criticism of Hu Feng's literary thoughts throught the opportunity of Shuwu self-criticism;Hu Qiaomu first mentioned publicly"a small cabal of literary headed by Hufeng"In his giving editorial notes of Shuwu's article.Hu Feng's private let-ters to Shuwu were disclosed which directly led to Hu Feng event upgrading to"anti-party and anti-revolution"problems in the process of the great criticism of Hu Feng.After 1954,this matter had an indirect relationship with Hu Qiaomu's suggest of writing Hu Feng sectarianism.However,Hu Qiaomu disapproved to determine Hu Feng and the people impli-cating with Hu Feng as"Hufeng Anti-Party Clique".He gave a claim in this connection before Mao Zedong.In the past, people very paid attention to Zhouyang who had deep historical grievances with Hu Feng and ignored the role of Hu Qiao-mu in Hu Feng event.%对胡风文艺思想的批判和对胡风的政治清算有一个渐次升级的过程。其中,在对胡风文艺思想的批判中,胡乔木起了重要作用。1945年10月,胡乔木随毛泽东去重庆谈判后逗留重庆,借批《论主观》来清除胡风文艺思想的影响;1948年香港的《大众文艺丛刊》对胡风发起的公开批评,也得到了胡乔木的支持;新中国成立头两年,胡乔木多次奉命找胡风谈话

  7. 五年梦寻丰子恺--«丰子恺全集»责编手记%Searching For Feng Zikai for Five Years---Editor’s Notes for “Complete works of Feng Zikai”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    眉睫

    2015-01-01

    近几年来,社会各界兴起了一股“丰子恺热”。海豚出版社社长俞晓群成为这股热潮的最初发动者。五年来,海豚出版社出版了丰子恺著作达一百多种,将丰子恺生前几乎所有的单行本集子予以再版。同时,海豚出版社还与杭州师范大学弘一大师丰子恺研究中心合作整理«丰子恺全集»,并将于2015年出版问世。%In recent years,the society witnessed an increasing interest in the study of Feng Zikai,in which President Yu zoqun of Dolphin became the original instigators of the craze.For five years,Dolphin Press pub-lished over one hundred kinds of books of Feng Zikai,and almost all of Feng Zikai lifetime collection booklets have been reprinted.Meanwhile,Dolphin Press have been compiling " Complete Works of Feng Zikai " in col-laboration with Normal Master Hongyi Feng Zikai Research Center,Hangzhou Normal University,which would be published in 201 5.

  8. Nicolas Guichon, Langues et TICE. Méthodologie de conception multimédia

    OpenAIRE

    Dan Frost

    2014-01-01

    Nicolas Guichon est enseignant-chercheur en anglais et en didactique des langues au centre de langues de l’université Lumière (Lyon 2). Il est concepteur du logiciel Virtual Cabinet, responsable de l’enseignement TICE du master « Didactique des langues et TICE » et membre de l’équipe Plurilinguisme et multimédia (ENS de Lyon). Cet ouvrage est le fruit de son expérience dans le domaine des recherches, du développement et de l’enseignement dans l’univers des TICE et de l’apprentissage des langu...

  9. Nicola Turi, Declinazioni del canone americano in Italia tra gli anni Quaranta e Sessanta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Bibbò

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Il bel saggio di Nicola Turi si presenta, fin dal titolo, come una ricognizione non sistematica della presenza della letteratura americana in Italia a partire dagli anni del secondo dopoguerra fino ai Sessanta di Bianciardi, Tadini e D’Arrigo, tra gli altri. La presenza, in chiusura, di questi autori ‘antimeridiani’ svela già una delle caratteristiche principali dello studio di Turi, che è quella di rinvenire tracce americane ai lati, per così dire, del canone italiano, o in autori, come Fenoglio e Moravia, più spesso associati ad altre aree geografiche o perfino linguistiche.

  10. Nicolas BOURRIAUD, Esthétique relationnelle (2001) et Postproduction (2003)

    OpenAIRE

    Montiglio, Yveline

    2008-01-01

    Critique d’art et codirecteur du Palais de Tokyo à Paris, Nicolas Bourriaud a à son actif de nombreuses expositions en tant que curateur. Il est également le fondateur de la revue Documents sur l’art, dont il a été le directeur de 1992 à 2000. Il nous propose deux livres qui ont fait l’objet de traductions en plusieurs langues. Postproduction est la version française de Postproduction, paru en anglais en 2001 aux Éditions Lukas & Sternberg. Si Esthétique relationnelle et Postproduction sont p...

  11. A presença de Nicolas Bourbaki na Universidade de São Paulo

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Este trabalho teve como objetivo retratar o grupo francês Nicolas Bourbaki, e o Departamento de Matemática da Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras da Universidade de São Paulo, bem como investigar a que se deve a presença, por períodos intermitentes, entre os anos de 1945 e 1966, de alguns dos mais importantes membros do grupo Bourbaki, neste Departamento e de que modos a perspectiva estruturalista bourbakista da matemática, teria sido, por um lado transmitida por eles ...

  12. Nicolas BOURRIAUD, Esthétique relationnelle (2001) et Postproduction (2003)

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Critique d’art et codirecteur du Palais de Tokyo à Paris, Nicolas Bourriaud a à son actif de nombreuses expositions en tant que curateur. Il est également le fondateur de la revue Documents sur l’art, dont il a été le directeur de 1992 à 2000. Il nous propose deux livres qui ont fait l’objet de traductions en plusieurs langues. Postproduction est la version française de Postproduction, paru en anglais en 2001 aux Éditions Lukas & Sternberg. Si Esthétique relationnelle et Postproduction sont p...

  13. The anatomy lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp by Rembrandt : A comparison of the painting with a dissected left forearm of a Dutch male cadaver

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ijpma, Frank F. A.; van de Graaf, Robert C.; Nicolai, Jean-Philippe A.; Meek, Marcel F.

    2006-01-01

    Rembrandt's The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632) is considered a masterpiece and is a group portrait of the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons in the form of an anatomy lesson. Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, Doctor of Medicine and Praelector Anatomiae to the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons, showed an anatomic

  14. Materials and technology of Chinese jades dating to the Western Zhou period (1050-771 BCE)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Janet G DOUGLAS; YANG JunChang

    2008-01-01

    Excavated jades dating to the Western Zhou period (1050-771 BCE) from the Xi'an area in Shaanxi Province, China, and contemporaneous jades in the collections of the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery at the Smithsonian Institution have been studied to learn about the jade and stone materials and how they were worked during the Western Zhou period. Materials identification was carried out using a combination of techniques such as Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Tool marks were studied using stereomicroscopy and examination of mold impressions using scanning electron microscopy. All of these objects were produced through simple processes involving solid drilling, riffling, and sharp point abrasion; and no evidence was found for the use of rotary tools for incising or sawing.

  15. Zhou Jiansheng’s World Heritage Photo Exhibition Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship BetweenChina and Japan, to give publicity to preservation of World Cultural and Natural Heritages, and to enhance cultural exchanges between China and Japan, the CPAFFC held "Zhou Jiansheng’s World Heritage Photo Exhibition" at the Friendship Hall in the CPAFFC compound from November 18 to 22, 2003.

  16. Academician Zhou Zhonghe entered the Jinzhou Medical University:a fresh outlook,full of wit and humor lecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    On June 6th,2016,Academy of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology Research Institute of Chinese academician Zhou Zhonghe entered into the Jinzhou Medical University,his lecture topic is"The theory of evolution and the fossil discussion".Teachers and students gathered together listening to the science lectures.Academician Zhou Zhonghe through the study of fossils,revealed the living things evolution mystery,discussed of the immortal contribution of Darwin.

  17. Feng Shui in cold water production. Energy-efficient cold water unit for domestic comfort, trade and industry; Feng Shui in der Bereitstellung von Kaltwasser. Energieeffizienter Kaltwassersatz fuer Komfort, Gewerbe und Indsutrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roeben, J. [Menerga Apparatebau GmbH, Muelheim (Germany)

    2003-10-01

    Feng Shui means 'wind and water'. According to Chinese philosophy, all processes in nature are influenced by five different elements. This principle has always been applied in air conditioning engineering, e.g. in the development of a novel, ecological cold water production process presented by Menerga. (orig.) [German] Feng steht fuer Wind, Shui fuer Wasser. Das Zusammenspiel aller Prozesse in der Natur wird nach der chinesischen Philosophie von weiteren Grundelementen beeinflusst. In der Klimatechnik hat man sich dieses Prinzip immer wieder zunutze gemacht. So auch bei der Entwicklung eines neuen oekologischen Verfahrens zur Kaltwasserbereitstellung der Firma Menerga. (orig.)

  18. Comment on 'Investigations into the impact of astronomical phenomena on the terrestrial biosphere and climate' (arXiv:1505.07856 [astro-ph.EP]) by Fabo Feng

    CERN Document Server

    Melott, Adrian L

    2015-01-01

    This work by Feng and papers which published its conclusions do not cite nor do they deal with objections by the author published in 2013-2014. There are many fundamental problems. We will summarize here the principal problems, as published by Melott and Bambach which render irrelevant most of the work presented by Feng.

  19. Reduction in nerve root compression by the nucleus pulposus after Feng's Spinal Manipulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Feng; Yan Gao; Wendong Yang; Tianyou Feng

    2013-01-01

    Ninety-four patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation were enrolled in this study. Of these, 48 were treated with Feng's Spinal Manipulation, hot fomentation, and bed rest (treatment group). The remaining 46 patients were treated with hot fomentation and bed rest only (control group). After 3 weeks of treatment, clinical parameters including the angle of straight-leg raising, visual analogue scale pain score, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association score for low back pain were improved. The treatment group had significantly better improvement in scores than the control group. Magnetic resonance myelography three-dimensional reconstruction imaging of the vertebral canal demonstrated that filling of the compressed nerve root sleeve with cerebrospinal fluid increased significantly in the treatment group. The diameter of the nerve root sleeve was significantly larger in the treatment group than in the control group. However, the sagittal diameter index of the herniated nucleus pulposus and the angle between the nerve root sleeve and the thecal sac did not change significantly in either the treatment or control groups. The effectiveness of Feng's Spinal Manipulation for the treatment of symptoms associated with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation may be attributable to the relief of nerve root compression, without affecting the herniated nucleus pulposus or changing the morphology or position of the nerve root.

  20. Comment Nicolas Sarkozy a rétréci l’électorat Le Pen

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    D’une élection présidentielle à l’autre Jean-Marie Le Pen recule de 6 points et perd un million d’électeurs. Le Panel Electoral Français (2007) montre que cet électorat se distingue toujours par son tropisme droitier, son attitude ethnocentrique autoritaire. Mais plus du quart des électeurs de Le Pen en 2002 lui ont préféré Nicolas Sarkozy en 2007, parce qu’il leur semblait avoir l’étoffe d’un président et plus de chances d’être élu. Le FN perd plus chez les indépendants et chez les employés ...

  1. Nicolas Siret : l’écho des musiques versaillaises à Troyes

    OpenAIRE

    Porot, Bertrand

    2015-01-01

    Nicolas Siret, organiste, claveciniste et compositeur troyen, ne laisse pas d’intriguer : sa carrière, qui se déroule dans la ville de Troyes, ne l’empêche pas de fréquenter la capitale, et notamment d’entretenir une amitié avec François Couperin, organiste du roi à Versailles et célèbre compositeur de pièces de clavecin. Siret a également pu entrer en contact avec les spectacles de la capitale, notamment avec l’opéra et ses pièces pour orchestre (ouverture, danses). Ces dernières ont sûremen...

  2. Peter Paul Rubens, Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc and Joan of Arc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borusowski Piotr

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In 2011 a discovery was made at the Department of Prints and Drawings of the National Museum in Warsaw - a drawing hitherto described as a Kneeling knight by an anonymous seventeenth-century artist, turned out to be Joan of Arc, a sketch well-known to art historians studying the oeuvre of Peter Paul Rubens, although thought to be lost during the Second World War. The drawing, until now known only through the black and white photograph, could be thoroughly analysed for the first time. In the context of information thus obtained, the historical context of creating the sketch transpired as an equally important matter, including the hypothetical role that may have been played in its creation by Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc.

  3. Nicolas Chevillard (XVIIe siècle : tableaux en Bourgogne et en Normandie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renaud Benoit-Cattin

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available La vie et l'œuvre de Nicolas Chevillard, peintre de Mâcon (Saône-et-Loire sont fort mal documentées. Ce que l'on en sait tient en peu de lignes : il est taxé de 40 livres à Mâcon en 1660 et reçoit 33 livres de la ville "pour avoir fait, en grand volume, le portrait de Son Altesse Sérénissime Mons. Le Prince, gouverneur de Bourgogne, qui est joinct à ceux de ses prédécesseurs audit gouvernement, en la salle de l'hostel commun de la ville de Macon". On ignore ce qu'il est advenu de ce tableau,...

  4. A Corpus-Based Study of Chinese Classical Poem-Taking Feng Qiao Ye Bo as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晨曦

    2014-01-01

    In recent years,the translation of Chinese classical poem has aroused more and more attention. From the perspective of statistics, this paper will discuss the meaning of the word which the translators used. Based on the corpus linguistics, this paper will further compare and explore the translation styles of the poem Feng Qiao Ye Bo by analyzing three translators’versions.

  5. Comparing the do's & taboos in Chinese Feng-Shui and Indian Vāstu-Shāstra architectural traditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, En-Yu

    2012-01-01

    Chinese Feng-Shui and Indian Vāstu-Shāstra are two of the world’s best-known and longest-enduring systems of geomancy which have, for centuries, informed architectural practice of their respective cultural spheres. Albeit developed in different geo-cultural contexts and reinforced by their distinct

  6. Early Wood-block Printing of Zhou Wenwei Families and their Relationships%周文炜家族的早期刻书及其关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许振东

    2016-01-01

    Zhou Tinghuai and Zhou Qianshan refers to the same person, that is, the father of Zhou Wenwei, who printed three kinds of books. He had three sons-Zhou Wenwei was the eldest;His younger brother Zhou Wenhuan with the style name as Yuyang and alias Ruquan, once hosted Wanjuanlou Printing House after Zhou Yuexiao, and published six kinds of books. Zhou Wenqing may probably be the third son of Zhou Tinghuai, and there are two books printed under his name. Meanwhile, there was another wood-block printing house with Zhou Shitai as the printing master.%周庭槐与周前山为同一人,即周文炜之父,现存刻书3种。周庭槐有三子,文炜居长,弟有二。周文焕字玉卬,号如泉,在周曰校之后主持万卷楼书坊,现存署周文焕或周如泉刻印的书籍共6部。周文卿可能为周庭槐又一子,现存署其名刻印的书籍2种。另有同时期与周文炜同姓的书坊主周时泰,现知共刻有书籍12种。

  7. Status of the Island Night Lizard and Two Non-Native Lizards on Outlying Landing Field San Nicolas Island, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fellers, Gary M.; Drost, Charles A.; Murphey, Thomas G.

    2008-01-01

    More than 900 individually marked island night lizards (Xantusia riversiana) were captured on San Nicolas Island, California, between 1984 and 2007 as part of an ongoing study to monitor the status of this threatened species. Our data suggest that at least a few lizards are probably more than 20 years old, and one lizard would be 31.5 years old if it grew at an average rate for the population. Ages of 20 and 30 years seem reasonable given the remarkably slow growth during capture intervals of more than a decade for five of the lizards which we estimated to be 20 or more years old. Like other lizards, island night lizard growth rates vary by size, with larger lizards growing more slowly. In general, growth rates were somewhat greater on San Nicolas Island (compared with Santa Barbara Island), and this increase was sustained through all of the intermediate size classes. The higher growth rate may account for the somewhat larger lizards present on San Nicolas Island, although we cannot discount the possibility that night lizards on San Nicolas are merely living longer. The high percentage of small lizards in the Eucalyptus habitat might seem to reflect a healthy population in that habitat, but the high proportion of small lizards appears to be caused by good reproduction in the 1900s and substantially poorer reproduction in subsequent years. The Eucalyptus habitat has dried quite a bit in recent years. Night lizards in the Haplopappus/Grassland habitat have shown an increase in the proportion of larger lizards since 2000. There has also been an increase in the proportion of large lizards in the Rock Cobble habitat at Redeye Beach. However, there are has been some change in habitat with more elephant seals occupying the same area just above the high tide as do the night lizards. Southern alligator lizards and side-blotched lizards are both non-native on San Nicolas Island. Neither lizard causes obvious harm to island night lizards, and management time and effort should

  8. 宋玉《讽赋》之讽%Critics on Feng Fu by Songyu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘刚

    2012-01-01

    Feng Fu written by Songyu is a piece of critics on the statement of "Chu Xiangwang is lecherous". It generalizes the rules of female' s showing of love and basic principles of male' s self-control, which provides references for monarchs to identify woman' s charm. The nature of it is to prevent obscene.%宋玉的《讽赋》是针对“楚襄王好女色”的专题讽谏文章,全文借自我辩白,概括了女性示爱的典型规律和男性自律的基本规范,为君王认知女色和应对女色提供了经验性借鉴,其讽谏的实质是止欲与戒淫。

  9. Gauge theory one-loop amplitudes and the Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten recursion relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharel, Savan; Siopsis, George

    2012-07-01

    We calculate gauge theory one-loop amplitudes with the aid of the complex shift used in the Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten (BCFW) recursion relations of tree amplitudes. We apply the shift to the integrand and show that the contribution from the limit of infinite shift vanishes after integrating over the loop momentum, with a judicious choice of basis for polarization vectors. This enables us to write the one-loop amplitude in terms of on shell tree and lower-point one-loop amplitudes. Some of the tree amplitudes are forward amplitudes. We show that their potential singularities do not contribute and the BCFW recursion relations can be applied in such a way as to avoid these singularities altogether. We calculate in detail n-point one-loop amplitudes for n=2, 3, 4, and outline the generalization of our method to n>4.

  10. L’EVOLUTION HYDRODYNAMIQUE DES AFTERGLOWS POUR LE MODELE DE FENG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E ZOUAOUI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Nous avons modélisé l'évolution du choc externe produit par la décélération d'un jet relativiste, éjecté par un progéniteur d'un sursaut gamma, par un milieu interstellaire (MIS. Nous avons adopté le modèle de Feng et al. (2002, étant donné qu'il est le modèle le plus réaliste dans la description de l'énergie interne produite par le choc et celle restituée dans la boule de feu, dans un autre côté son accord avec les solutions de Sedov avec ses conditions.

  11. 冯梦龙的小说理论%Feng Menglong' s Novel Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅承洲

    2012-01-01

    Feng Menglong composed three prefaces for his own novels San Yah. Though each preface focused on one question, they connected closely with and complemented each other, forming Feng's own novel theoretical system. The Prefaces of Ancient and Contemporary Novels first proposed the Popular Romance was originated in the art of speaking, compared to the Tang Dynasty folktales, the Popular Romance language to content are easy for or- dinary people to understand, and to accept and appreciate, playing a greater role in the society. The Preface of Jingshitongyaa explores the relationship between real life and artistic fiction, Feng used the fictional method that the figure does not have to experience such events, and such events do not have to happen to the figure. " Fiction should be composed to the rule that when event is real, the reason should not be pseudo; while the event is pseudo, the reason should also be. true. The story of the novel may be fictional, but historical novel should be based on strict historical facts. The "Preface of Xingshihengyan put forward the "theory of awakening the world," Feng Menglong bitterly felt the turbid and chaos of the late Ming Dynasty, he wanted to use the Popular Romance to alert the world to turn things around. To achieve the purpose of awakening the world, the popular fiction should be created with a good content, but also have to follow the laws of the novel.%冯梦龙为“三言”所作的三篇序,每篇重点论述一个问题,各篇又相互勾连补充,形成了自己的小说理论体系。《古今小说叙》首次提出通俗演义起源于说话艺术,与唐人传奇相比,通俗演义从语言到内容都通俗易懂,可以为普通百姓所接受和欣赏,发挥更大的社会作用。《警世通言叙》探讨了小说创作中生活真实与艺术虚构的关系问题,提出了“入不必有其事,事不必丽其人”的虚构方法,虚构要做到“事真而理不赝,即事赝而理亦

  12. Ajaloolased ja teised. Ajaloolaste rollist Prantsusmaa avalikes aruteludes / Gérard Noiriel, Nicolas Offenstadt ; prantsuse keelest tõlkinud Indrek Koff

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noiriel, Gérard

    2007-01-01

    Ajaloo avalikust kasutamisest. Artikli aluseks on Nicolas Offenstadti ettekanne TLÜ Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi ja Prantsuse Kultuurikeskuse korraldatud rahvusvahelisel konverentsil "Ajalugu ja poliitika. Mineviku kasutamisest ja ärakasutamisest" 14. oktoobril 2006 Tallinnas.

  13. Ajaloolased ja teised. Ajaloolaste rollist Prantsusmaa avalikes aruteludes / Gérard Noiriel, Nicolas Offenstadt ; prantsuse keelest tõlkinud Indrek Koff

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noiriel, Gérard

    2007-01-01

    Ajaloo avalikust kasutamisest. Artikli aluseks on Nicolas Offenstadti ettekanne TLÜ Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi ja Prantsuse Kultuurikeskuse korraldatud rahvusvahelisel konverentsil "Ajalugu ja poliitika. Mineviku kasutamisest ja ärakasutamisest" 14. oktoobril 2006 Tallinnas.

  14. Searching for remains of a observation platform (pavimentum) of Nicolas Copernicus's astronomical instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamparski, Piotr

    2014-05-01

    St. Stanislas's canonry in Frombork (northern Poland) was the last place of residence of the famous astronomer Nicolas Copernicus (1473-1543). It is very probable that he conducted his astronomical observations from the garden using so-called pavimentum to arrange his instruments. Copernicus's pavimentum was a 2 by 1.5m pedestal, probably a floor based on a brick foundation with a rail. Ground penetrating radar examinations were carried out in the canonry's garden in January 2009 to obtain 3-D model of the 2 meter thick upper part of sediments and resulted in recognition of stratigraphy of the site and allowed to find some anomalies which are suspected to be a human origin. The analysis of historical sources enabled the researchers to limit the study area to a plot of land at the back of the St. Stanislaw's canonry building. As a result, the GPR probing was undertaken on the rectangular plot of ground of 43 m by 95 m, located to the south west of the canonry building. The searched object was a kind of a pavement, possibly made of bricks or stone and bricks, and the size from 1.5 m by 2 m, to 4 m by 4 m, or even 7 m by 3 m. During the field research the impulse GPR SIR SYSTEM-2000 GSSI™ was used. For the profiling a monostatic 400MHz central frequency antenna was used. The selected value of the dielectric constant was 15, which represents the velocity of 7.7 cm/ns of the electromagnetic wave propagation in the deposit. In practice this means that in the study area the vertical scale of the returning electromagnetic wave includes about 2.3 m (60 ns) of the deposit of diverse graining with a large content of humus and debris. The horizontal scale was measured in the real time with the use of the GSSI survey wheel. The construction of the three-dimensional block of the deposit was based on 95 vertical cross-sections at one-meter spaces and the SE-NW course. As a result, the 3-D model showed the horizontal extends of the geophysical anomalies. The GPR studies have

  15. Discursive Elements in the (de)Banalisation of Nationalism. A Study of Speeches by Gordon Brown and Nicolas Sarkozy.

    OpenAIRE

    Sayegh, Pascal-Yan

    2008-01-01

    International audience; The paper offers a study of the contributions of Nicolas Sarkozy and Gordon Brown to a dominant culturalist discourse on identity in Europe. In recent years, issues about immigration and integration have been central across the European community, concurrent with a general feeling of cultural insecurity. In this paper, I argue that mainstream political discourse has shifted from common sense nationalism into an even more ambiguous discourse by also taking over aspects ...

  16. [Pierre-François Nicolas (1743-1816), apothecary, physician, chemistry teacher on the eve of the French Revolution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labrude, Pierre

    2002-01-01

    Pierre-François Nicolas, was born in Saint-Mihiel in 1743, studied in this town and in St-Nicolas-de-Port near Nancy. At first he has been a military apothecary during the "Guerre de Sept-Ans". Then he studied pharmacy in Nancy and was received in 1768 at the "Maîtrise de pharmacie". With the physician Henri Michel du Tennatar, he created a teaching of chemistry for medicine students and became the professor of chemistry of the Faculty of Medicine in 1781. During these years, he published some research results about hydrology, distillery, biochemistry (phosphorus in bone), toxicology, dyeing... At the end of 1783, he succeeded in the realization of a balloon and he played an important part in Nancy during the French Revolution. Professor at the "Ecole de médecine" in Strasbourg for some weeks, then in Nancy at the "Ecole centrale" and at the "Société de santé", he left Nancy towards the mid-1798. Staying in Paris for two or three years he probably worked with Fourcroy and perhaps Chaptal and Berthollet. In the early years of the nineteenth century he was appointed professor in the "Ecole centrale" du Calvados" and some years after at the "Faculté des sciences" in Caen. His latest significant work with Gueudeville was devoted to the detection of sugar in the urine of diabetic patients. Retired in 1811 Pierre-François Nicolas died in Caen in 1816.

  17. 论周国桢的艺术%Review of Zhou Guozhen’Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯样祥

    2011-01-01

    In the world history of the development of modern ceramics, there are only a few ceramic artists who has created their works with animals as the main subject, and by far fewer who have been devoted their whole life to the same creation, but Zhou Guozhen stands out among them. The series of ceramic works of animals created by Mr. Zhou are highly original and unique in the history of Chinese ceramics, and they also have a great influence in the world history of ceramics. His works embody Chinese art spirit, philosophical thought and humanism. 60 years’ hard work and achievements of Zhou Guozhen have made great contribution to the establishment of our own national language and aesthetic values, the path for creation and the prospect of development of Chinese modern ceramics.%今年是周国桢先生80华诞暨从艺60周年。60年来,周国桢先生勤勉不息、耕耘不辍、创新不止,在艺术创作、艺术教育、艺术理论研究诸多领域硕果累累、成就非凡。在世界现代陶艺发展史上,主要以动物为题材进行创作的陶艺家甚少,能坚持一辈子者更是寥若晨星,而周国桢先生则是其中的佼佼者。60年来,周国桢先生创作的系列动物题材陶艺,不仅在中国陶艺史上独树一帜,而且在世界陶艺史上也可谓影响巨大。周国桢先生的陶艺之路,堪称中国现代陶艺发展历史之缩影。

  18. 冯玉祥集团与晋绥地区%Feng Yuxiang Group and Jin-Sui Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾熟村

    2012-01-01

    Feng Yuxiang advocated Sun Yat-sen's revolutionary policy of unitig Rusia,uniting the communist party and supporting farmers and workers, while Yah Xishan was basically against it. The relationship between them changed constantly, separating and uniting many times. After the surrender of Japan, Yan followed Jiang Kai-shek and started the civil war. He did not accept Feng Yuxiang's persvasion and ended up in failure.%冯玉祥奉行孙中山联俄、联共、扶助农工的革命政策,阎锡山基本上是反对三大政策的,双方分分合合,变幻多端。日本投降后,阎锡山追随蒋介石,挑起内战,不听冯玉祥的忠告,终归于失败。

  19. Diet patterns of island foxes on San Nicolas Island relative to feral cat removal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cypher, Brian L.; Kelly, Erica C.; Ferrara, Francesca J.; Drost, Charles A.; Westall, Tory L.; Hudgens, Brian

    2017-01-01

    Island foxes (Urocyon littoralis) are a species of conservation concern that occur on six of the Channel Islands off the coast of southern California. We analysed island fox diet on San Nicolas Island during 2006–12 to assess the influence of the removal of feral cats (Felis catus) on the food use by foxes. Our objective was to determine whether fox diet patterns shifted in response to the cat removal conducted during 2009–10, thus indicating that cats were competing with foxes for food items. We also examined the influence of annual precipitation patterns and fox abundance on fox diet. On the basis of an analysis of 1975 fox scats, use of vertebrate prey – deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus), birds, and lizards – increased significantly during and after the complete removal of cats (n = 66) from the island. Deer mouse abundance increased markedly during and after cat removal and use of mice by foxes was significantly related to mouse abundance. The increase in mice and shift in item use by the foxes was consistent with a reduction in exploitative competition associated with the cat removal. However, fox abundance declined markedly coincident with the removal of cats and deer mouse abundance was negatively related to fox numbers. Also, annual precipitation increased markedly during and after cat removal and deer mouse abundance closely tracked precipitation. Thus, our results indicate that other confounding factors, particularly precipitation, may have had a greater influence on fox diet patterns.

  20. The biological soil crusts of the San Nicolas Island: Enigmatic algae from a geographically isolated ecosystem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flechtner, V.R.; Johansen, J.R.; Belnap, J.

    2008-01-01

    Composite soil samples from 7 sites on San Nicolas Island were evaluated quantitatively and qualitatively for the presence of cyanobacteria and eukaryotic microalgae. Combined data demonstrated a rich algal flora with 19 cyanobacterial and 19 eukaryotic microalgal genera being identified, for a total of 56 species. Nine new species were identified and described among the cyanobacteria and the eukaryotic microalgae that were isolated: Leibleinia edaphica, Aphanothece maritima, Chroococcidiopsis edaphica, Cyanosarcina atroveneta, Hassallia californica, Hassallia pseudoramosissima, Microchaete terrestre, Palmellopsis californiens, and Pseudotetracystis compactis. Distinct distributional patterns of algal taxa existed among sites on the island and among soil algal floras of western North America. Some algal taxa appeared to be widely distributed across many desert regions, including Microcoleus vaginatus, Nostoc punctiforme, Nostoc paludosum, and Tolypothrix distorta, Chlorella vulgaris, Diplosphaera cf. chodatii, Myrmecia astigmatica, Myrmecia biatorellae, Hantzschia amphioxys, and Luticola mutica. Some taxa share a distinctly southern distribution with soil algae from southern Arizona, southern California, and Baja California (e.g., Scenedesmus deserticola and Eustigmatos magnus). The data presented herein support the view that the cyanobacterial and microalgal floras of soil crusts possess significant biodiversity, much of it previously undescribed.

  1. A theorem of do Carmo-Zhou type: oscillations and estimates for the first eigenvalue of the p-Laplacian

    CERN Document Server

    Lima, Barnabe Pessoa

    2010-01-01

    It is shown that the estimates obtained by Manfredo P. do Carmo and Detang Zhou, in their paper "Eigenvalue estimate on complete noncompact Riemannian manifolds and applications", for the first eigenvalue of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on open manifolds, via an oscillation theorem, can be naturally extended for the semi-elliptic singular operator operator, p-Laplace on manifolds.

  2. The Difference in the Main Conflict between Shakespeare ’s Hamlet and Feng Xiaogang’s The Banquet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江瑜婷

    2014-01-01

    Famous Chinese director Feng Xiaogang made a film The Banquet in 2006, which is adapted from Shakespeare’s play Hamlet. However, accounting for the background and cultural difference, the main conflict shown in this film is totally different from Hamlet. The paper will compare Hamlet’s reaction to his father’s death with the plot of the film to illustrate the difference of main conflict between Hamlet and The Banquet.

  3. Feng Youlan’s Interpretation of Western Philosophy:A Critical Examination from the Perspective of Metaphysical Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derong Chen

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to display a limited observation of Feng’s interpretation of Western philosophy through the window of metaphysical methodology. This paper concentrates on Feng’s interpretation of Western philosophy from the perspective of metaphysical methodology and aims to display a limited observation of Feng’s interpretation of Western philosophy through the window of metaphysical methodology. Based on a brief review the recent studies of Feng Youlan and Western philosophy, this paper analyzes the progress and insufficient aspects in current studies on this issue and particularly clarifies what are the metaphysics and metaphysical methods in the context of Feng Youlan’s philosophy. In clarifying Feng’s interpretation of Western philosophy from the perspective of methodology, this paper further critically analyzes the Feng’s positive metaphysical methods and negative metaphysical methods, and assumes that Feng’s negative metaphysical methods essentially is a kind of attitudes towards metaphysics but neither a kind of metaphysics nor a kind of metaphysical methods. Instead of characterizing metaphysical methods as positive and negative as Feng did, this paper suggests an alternative division of metaphysical methods: direct and indirect methods of dealing with metaphysical issues.

  4. Progress in technology for the 2005 height determination of Qomolangma Feng (Mt. Everest)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN; Junyong; YUAN; Janli; GUO; Chunxi; ZHANG; Yanping; ZHANG; Peng

    2006-01-01

    In 2005 China carried out a new geodetic campaign for the height determination of Qomolangma Feng--Mt. Everest (QF in short). The technical progresses in geodesy for the 2005 campaign are presented in the paper. GPS positioning was the key technique in the campaign. After summarizing the experiences and lessons of the GPS positioning on the QF summit in the previous QF height determination campaigns, some measures were taken to raise the accuracy and reliability of the height determination with GPS techniques. In order to raise the accuracy of the height determination of the QF summit with classical geodetic techniques, laser ranging was used together with the trigonometric levelling in the 2005 campaign. It is the first time in China the thickness of the ice-snow layer on the QF summit was measured by ground penetrating radar integrated with GPS. The local gravity field and geoid in the QF area was improved on the basis of earth gravity field model integrated with new ground gravity data, DTM data and GPS leveling data in the QF area. In the 2005 campaign the normal height and orthometric height (height above sea level) of the snow surface of the QF summit were obtained as 8846.67 m and 8847.93 m respectively. The orthometric height of the rock surface of the QF summit is 8844.43 m,and the thickness of the ice-snow layer on the QF summit is 3.50 m.

  5. Study on the volcanic ash cloud with Feng Yun-3 meteorological satellite data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Cai-lan T.; Jiang, Shan; Hu, Yong; Meng, Peng

    2013-09-01

    Volcano eruption can produce a mass of volcanic ash floating in the air for a long period, which will seriously threaten the aerial planes safety, and cause the air pollution, it could do harm to people's living environment and their health. Take the Iceland Eyjafjallajokull volcano as an example which erupted in April to May 2010, the volcano ash cloud were derived with the visible and infrared scanning radiometer of FengYun-3(FY-3 VIRR) meteorological satellite data. The medium wave infrared (MWIR) and the thermal infrared split windows (THIR-SW) data were used separately. the MODIS THIR-SW data were also be used to retrieve ash cloud to test the results derived from FY-3 VIRR data. It showed that the MWIR was more applicable for the ash cloud retrieving than the THIR-SW with FY-3 VIRR data, and the threshold value should be adjusted to around negative 1 rather than 0 for VIRR THIR-SW data. And the threshold should be adjusted with the THIR-SW of FY-3. The ash cloud radiation and bright temperature(BT), spatial distribution characteristics were also analyzed quantitatively with the two channels data. The study could provide parameters for the prediction of volcanic ash cloud dispersion simulate. When the real temperature of lava flow were high enough, the sensor will show a false bright temperature, how to retrieve the real temperature of the higher lava flow is a problem need to be studied in the future.

  6. 风水研究现状反思(上)%Reflections on the Current Study of Feng Shui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡义成

    2015-01-01

    中国风水在哲学和科学上均大异于西方,“五四”后却被判为“迷信”。改革开放后,天津大学建筑学教授王其亨先生率先再审风水,认为风水虽杂有迷信成分,但它实际是中国古代地理学、气象学、生态学、景观学、规划学、建筑学等自然科学群集,应加以批判继承,引起“风水热”,也激起反弹。在此后国内学界关于风水“含科学说”和风水“迷信说”的争论中,虽然风水“意匠说”和“美学说”获某种共识,但风水“含科学说”至今面对严重挑战。目前,作为风水“孪生学术”的中医“含科学说”越来越获公认,国内风水研究亟待“突围”。由于吴良镛等人认同王其亨思路,目前这种突破正在实施。%The Chinese Feng Shui in philosophy and science has great different to that of the west , but since the May 4th Movement, it has been judged as “superstition.” After the reform and open-up, the Architecture Pro-fessor Wang Qiheng with Tianjin University first reexamined Feng Shui, he believes though there is a superstition ingredient in Feng Shui, it actually is the ancient Chinese cluster of geography , meteorology, ecology, landscape, planning , architecture , and other natural science , and it should be critically inherited .This has made Feng Shui a hot issue .Later, the hot debate in the domestic academic circles about “science-included theory” and “supersti-tion theory” has won some consensus for both the “artistic conception” and“aesthetic” of Feng Shui, but today the“science-included theory” still faces serious challenges .At present , the“science-included theory” of the tradition-al Chinese medicine , as the twin brother of Feng Shui, has got much recognition , so the domestic research of Feng Shui needs a urgent break-through .Because Wu Liangyong and others agree with Wang Qiheng ideas , such a breakthrough is being implemented .

  7. La teoria della letteratura di Nicolas Calas. Surrealismo, marxismo e psicanalisi in Foyers d’incendie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. D'Urso

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ENThis contribution – probably the first specifically concerning Nicolas Calas to be published in Italian – intends to examine some particular topics of Foyers d’incendie [Hearths of Arson] (1938, a work that hardly can be found, by now. So this study will try to partially fill the absence at an international level of a detailed analysis of this book which is usually considered to be ‘difficult’ and therefore often hastily put under the label of ‘Freudo-Marxism’. Not only does this label appear confusing when we look more care-fully at the historical context of the Thirties, but it also does not allow to understand in what both Marxism and Freudism are criticized indeed, this aspect defining more clearly the surrealist character – eluded or taken for granted by critics – of Foyers d’incendie. In the first half of this paper, we will underline the role of Surrealism in Calas’ critical evolution in relation to orthodox Communism, whose language he still used before becoming indubitably a Surrealist. Then we will show the enthusiastic reception of Foyers d’incendie among the Surrealists and also the reasons of their appreciation. In the second half, we will go deep inside some pages of this book which concern more spe-cifically the theory of literature and the critique of ideology we can draw from Foyers d’incendie. This is why – for the first time – we will summarize Calas’ understanding of the literary and philosophical history, and show the role that Dialectical Materialism (chiefly that of Engels’ Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State and psychoanalysis (as it is considered by Surrealism play in his analysis.>>Questo contributo – apparentemente il primo studio specificamente dedicato a Nicolas Calas ad essere pubblicato in italiano – intende affrontare alcuni particolari contenuti dell’ormai quasi introvabile Foyers d’incendie (1938, tentando così di colmare, almeno parzialmente, l

  8. The Pilgrimage to The San Nicola Shrine in Bari and its Impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia Rizzello

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pilgrimage is defined as a journey to the Holy but more specifically as an inner journey to one’s deepest religious feelings. This type of journey has assumed new forms and types that bring it closer to modern tourism in general, though it maintains its distinctive characteristics, which will be the object of this paper. These changes in the nature of pilgrimage, which in part reflect the parallel socio-cultural transformation of the average visitor, have brought about a major reorganisation of the places involved and have had a significant socio-economic impact on the territories involved. The concentration of visitors and in some cases the presence of various categories of visit have led to structural changes in holy places and their surroundings. These changes, which arise from the need to meet the requirements of travellers as consumers, in turn have social and environmental impacts on the surrounding area that are similar to those caused by mass tourism. The most evident types of impact are structural, resulting from the creation or expansion of hotel and catering infrastructure and the start-up of new businesses such as travel agencies, specialised tour operators, shops selling religious souvenirs and establishments providing entertainment. All this alters the physiognomy and the layout of the towns where the religious sites are located, in some cases completely transforming the economy of the location and the use of land. The aim of this research is to study pilgrimage flows associated with the cult of Saint Nicholas (San Nicola in Bari, specifically concerning the pilgrimage's main characteristics and the most significant impacts on the district. The study follows a mixed approach that includes participant observation, use of archival documents and empirical evaluation of the material landscape and observed practices.

  9. NRL tethered balloon measurements at San Nicolas Island during FIRE IFO 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Hermann; Gathman, Stuart; James, Jeffrey; Smith, Mike; Consterdine, Ian; Brandeki, Scott

    1990-01-01

    An overview is given of the tethered balloon measurements made during the First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE) marine stratocumulus intensive field observations (IFO) at San Nicolas Island in 1987. The instrument utilized on the balloon flights, the 17 flights over a 10 day period, the state of the data analysis, and some preliminary results are described. A goal of the measurements with the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) balloon was to give a unique and greatly improved look at the microphysics of the clear and cloud-topped boundary layer. For this goal, collocated measurements were made of turbulence, aerosol, cloud particles, and meteorology. Two new instruments which were expected to make significant contributions to this effort were the saturation hygrometer, capable of measuring 95 percent less than RH 105 percent (with an accuracy of 0.05 percent near 100 percent) and used for the first time in clouds; and the forward scatter meter which gives in situ LWC measurements at more than 10 Hz. The data set, while unfortunately only partially simultaneous with the bulk of the FIRE stratocumulus observations, is unique and worthwhile in its own right. For the first time accurate RH measurements near 100 percent have been made in-cloud; although, the use of the saturation hygrometer reflected a learning experience which will result is substantially better performance the next time. These measurements were made in conjunction with other microphysical measurements such as aerosol and cloud droplet spectra, and perhaps most important of all, they were all collocated with bivane turbulence measurements thus permitting flux calculations. Thus the analysis of this data set, which consisted of about 50 percent stratocumulus cases including increasing and decreasing partial cloud cover, should lead to new insights on the physical mechanisms which drive the boundary-layer/cloud/turbulence system.

  10. Cloud and boundary layer structure over San Nicolas Island during FIRE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albrecht, Bruce A.; Fairall, Christopher W.; Syrett, William J.; Schubert, Wayne H.; Snider, Jack B.

    1990-01-01

    The temporal evolution of the structure of the marine boundary layer and of the associated low-level clouds observed in the vicinity of the San Nicolas Island (SNI) is defined from data collected during the First ISCCP Regional Experiment (FIRE) Marine Stratocumulus Intense Field Observations (IFO) (July 1 to 19). Surface, radiosonde, and remote-sensing measurements are used for this analysis. Sounding from the Island and from the ship Point Sur, which was located approximately 100 km northwest of SNI, are used to define variations in the thermodynamic structure of the lower-troposphere on time scales of 12 hours and longer. Time-height sections of potential temperature and equivalent potential temperature clearly define large-scale variations in the height and the strength of the inversion and periods where the conditions for cloud-top entrainment instability (CTEI) are met. Well defined variations in the height and the strength of the inversion were associated with a Cataline Eddy that was present at various times during the experiment and with the passage of the remnants of a tropical cyclone on July 18. The large-scale variations in the mean thermodynamic structure at SNI correlate well with those observed from the Point Sur. Cloud characteristics are defined for 19 days of the experiment using data from a microwave radiometer, a cloud ceilometer, a sodar, and longwave and shortwave radiometers. The depth of the cloud layer is estimated by defining inversion heights from the sodar reflectivity and cloud-base heights from a laser ceilometer. The integrated liquid water obtained from NOAA's microwave radiometer is compared with the adiabatic liquid water content that is calculated by lifting a parcel adiabatically from cloud base. In addition, the cloud structure is characterized by the variability in cloud-base height and in the integrated liquid water.

  11. Tonbs and a Ruined Bronze Foudry of the Western Zhou Period Discovered on the Zhouyuan Site in Shaanxi%陕西周原遗址发现西周墓葬与铸铜遗址

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周原考古队

    2004-01-01

    In the spring of 2003, the Zhouyuan Archaeological Team excavated a batch of Western Zhou tombs and a late Western Zhou bronze foundery on the Zhouyuan site, to the west of Zhuangli Village. Of them Tomb M9 is the best in condition and the richest in bronzes among the early Western Zhou burials discovered so far on the Zhouyuan site. Its complete sets of funeral objects provide a standard for studying into the formation of Western Zhou ritual and the dating of early Western Zhou bronzes. The ruined bronze foundry yielded quantities of pottery molds and models, fragments of furnace walls, and lumps of bronze, slag and burnt clay. The pottery molds and models are mainly for making horse-and-chariot fittings. The finds are valuable to the study of the Western Zhou burial institution, Zhou bronze-casting technology, and the layout of the Zhouyuan settlement.

  12. Aspects of 17th century Binding Medium: inclusions in Rembrandt’s Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noble, Petria; Wadum, Jørgen; Groen, Karin

    2000-01-01

    During the recent restoration of Rembrandt's Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp minuscule crater-like holes, which cover the surface of the painting, were studied. Whitish material within the holes was identified as lead chloride hydroxide and a variety of lead soaps. These inclusions, which in ...... in many cases protrude through the paint, are thought to have formed as a result of the agglomeration of lead compound and saponification of the linseed oil within the ground layer. Possible scenarios for the origin of the chloride are discussed....

  13. Active cooling convectors in the ''Altstadt-Palais'' building. Feng Shui criteria and users' wishes were considered; Aktive Kuehlkonvektoren im Altstadt-Palais. Feng Shui-Kriterien und Nutzerwuensche beruecksichtigen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmid, Wolfgang

    2009-07-01

    Modern air conditioning systems are not chosen for technical and economic aspects alone, but there are various boundary conditions that are generally considered. In the case of the Altstadt-Palais building at Karl-Scharnagl-Ring, Munich, which has an office floor space of about 9,800 m{sup 2}, also Feng Shui criteria were taken into account apart from 'normal' criteria like room flexibility, thermal comfort, and economic efficiency. The new system has cooling convectors with primary air supply that are integrated in the ceilings. (orig.)

  14. The New Chinese Cultural Landscape Feng Shui Applications%新中式景观中的风水文化演绎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施雪燕; 武文婷

    2016-01-01

    New Chinese landscape is a modern interpretation of traditional Chinese culture, and Feng Shui culture is unique traditional culture. Based on previous studies on Feng Shui culture, explore new polyol derived Chinese culture Feng Shui landscape design and interpretation of the new Chinese landscape Feng Shui culture, from different angles of the new Chinese cultural landscape Feng Shui use to think.%新中式景观是对中国传统文化的现代性演绎,而风水文化是中国独特的传统文化。文章在前人风水文化研究的基础上,探讨了新中式景观中风水文化的多元衍化以及新中式景观中风水文化的设计演绎,从不同的角度对新中式景观中的风水文化运用进行思考。

  15. Concept "feng shui" as a word of Chinese origin in the consciousness of native Russian language (based on the psycholinguistic experiments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Xi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article studies one borrowing from Chinese – «feng shui» with the standpoint of cognitive science and psycholinguistics. According to the statistics from «The Russian National Corpus», «YandexNews» and our experiments we can conclude that this borrowing «feng shui» is quite common in Russian language. We expand research based on the theory and method of Russian linguists: Z.D. Popova and I.A. Sternin, implying three steps for description of concept «feng shui»: 1 describe macrostructure of concept; 2 describe categorical structure of concept; 3 describe field organization of concept. According to the data of psycholinguistic experiments we can point out not only the adaptive information of «feng shui» among Russianspeakers, but also concept content. Associative experiments create a concept model of «feng shui», and divide it into the core, proximal, distal and the extreme periphery.

  16. COURT INSTITUTIONS OF THE WESTERN ZHOU DYNASTY REFLECTED IN THE INSCRIPTION ON THE XIAOYU-DING-CAULDRON

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    The Xiaoyu-Ding-Cauldron was unearthed during the first years ofDaoguang,Emperor of the Qing Dynasty,at Li village of QishanCounty, Shanxi Province.The cauldron itself disappeared in the period of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom(Taiping Tianguo).The current copy of theinscription is the only one preserved. The inscription on the cauldron consists of 400 characters,it is one of the longest texts of those dating to the early period of the Westernzhou Dynasty.Since the text is fragmentary and no joining texts remain,the text can not be read completely.The inscription was first mentioned by Guo Moruo in Research on the Metal Inscriptions of the Zhou Dynasty.Then Chen Mengjia reconstructed the inscription in the 1950's in his"Dating on the Bronze Vases of the Western Zhou Dynasty" and further

  17. Chinese Dream——Concert in Commemoration of 115th Birth Anniversary of Premier Zhou Enlai Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Our; Staff; Reporter

    2013-01-01

    <正>The theme song of the film The Founding of a Republic sung by male vocalists Dai Yuqiang and Wei Song reverberated in the Opera Hall at the National Center for the Performing Arts on the `evening of March 14. It marked the start of the concert in commemoration of the 115th anniversary of the birth of Premier Zhou Enlai, with "Chinese Dream" as the theme.

  18. 冯梦龙的音乐文学思想%Thoughts Expressed in Feng Menglong's Musical Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧

    2011-01-01

    Feng Menglong, an eminent litterateur in the Ming Dynasty, obtaines remarkable achievements in literature. However, people oftentimes merely focus on the novels edited and selected by Feng Menglong, while just superficially studying his other works. Mountain Songs and Taixia Xinzou, anthologies of folk songs of that time collected by Feng on his own, provide helpful materials for the study on vulgar literature development and local folk customs. Several parts of the collections are indicators of Feng' s insights into such musical literature as folk songs and vulgar music, which constitute an essential part of Chinese ancient musical and literary theories.%明代杰出文学家冯梦龙在文学领域的成就颇丰,然而世人对他的关注往往只停留在他编选的小说上,对其他方面的研究相对不够深入。他凭借个人之力搜集、编辑了当时的民歌俗曲集《山歌》、《太霞新奏》等作品,为后世研究当时俗文学和地方的民俗风情提供了宝贵的资料,其中某些篇章道出了冯梦龙对民歌俗曲这类音乐文学的独特见解,成为我国古代乐论、文论的重要组成部分。

  19. 试析丰子恺的人生论美学观%On Feng Zikai’s Life Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余连祥

    2015-01-01

    Feng Zikai thinks that life is depressed and the way to escape from depression is art and religion. From a practical point of view, art is useless. However, Feng advocates life with art and art with life and believes that art can beautify life, and“comfort our feelings with a subtle way”. This is the“big use”of art. Feng Zikai claimed to be an admirer of children and that“children heart”, art heart and religion heart are in harmoniously combination. Art can nurture“children heart”and maintain art heart and religion heart of the adult.%丰子恺认为,人生是苦闷的,脱离苦海的途径便是艺术和宗教。从实用的角度看,艺术是无用的。然而,丰子恺主张艺术的人生化和人生的艺术化,认为艺术能美化人生,且能“用慰安的方式来潜移默化我们的感情”,这是艺术的“大用”。丰子恺自称是儿童崇拜者,认为“童心”与艺术心、宗教心、“赤子之心”三位一体,艺术能长养“童心”,永葆成人的艺术心、宗教心和“赤子之心”。

  20. Fundamental Research on Enhancing Operation Reliadility for Lange-Scale Interconnected Power Crids——An interview with Zhou Xiaoxin,chief scientist of"973 Program"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zha Renbo; Zhou Wen

    2008-01-01

    @@ At the end of last year,the editors from Power and Electrical Engineers interviewedZhou Xiaoxin on "Fundamental Research on Enhancing Operation Reliability for Large-ScaleInterconnected Power Grids",a project of "973 Program".Mr.Zhou,the chief engineer ofChina Electric Power Research Institute (CEPRI) and an academician of Chinese A-cademy of Sciences,is the chief scientist in charge of this research project.

  1. EDF phytolith analysis from Heying site, southeast China, Shang-Zhou dynasties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yan; Wang, Changsui

    2011-11-01

    In this article, we propose to make morphotypological phytolith analysis of Heying site during Shang-Zhou Period by two methods: measuring based on extended depth of focus (EDF) image and measuring directly under microscope, and then compare their results. The comparison shows that the results by these two methods match each other for paleoenvironmental and agricultural analysis. Results of two methods show that Heying site's environment should be warm and moist based on the predominance of some specific phytolith assemblages. The phytolith morpho-types originated from crop plants also indicates that rice planting was the mainstay agricultural economy. In comparison, the morphotypological analysis method based on EDF image took only about 1/10 the time as the original method by directly measuring under microscope. Thus, we can process more samples and make a more thorough and systematic morphotypological phytolith analysis with the same amount of time. Furthermore, the constructed EDF image can also be archived for future examination and for education. The above experiments indicate that the morphotypological analysis method based on EDF image is very promising for phytolith analysis. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. An exposition of Zhou YI studios in modem Neo-Confucianism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The representatives of modern Neo-Confucianism all greatly value Yi Zhuan and regard it as one of their spiritual resources,and give their own creative interpretations and transformations.Xiong Shili's ontological-cosmological theory takes "qian yuan" as its center;Ma Yifu has a theory of ontology-cultivation centered on "nature-principle";Fang Dongmei has a metaphysics of production and reproduction;Mou Zongsan takes the view of "completely knowing the fathomless and understanding transformation" as a moral metaphysics;and in Tang Junyi there is a theory of the harmony of doctrines on Heaven and man in which "the knowledge of divine understanding" is its key concept.They employ modern philosophical concepts and thinking to illustrate the cosmology,ontology,theory of life,theory of human nature,theory of spiritual worlds,axiology and their connections in Zhou Yi.They affirm that the characteristics of Chinese philosophy that are different from Western philosophy consist in a naturalist view of vital life,a harmonious view of totality,an axiological view that values exist in natural universe and the world of fact,the pursuit of Good and Beauty,and intuitive experience of inner world.

  3. Shifting diets and the rise of male-biased inequality on the Central Plains of China during Eastern Zhou.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yu; Morgan, Chelsea; Chinenov, Yurii; Zhou, Ligang; Fan, Wenquan; Ma, Xiaolin; Pechenkina, Kate

    2017-01-31

    Farming domesticated millets, tending pigs, and hunting constituted the core of human subsistence strategies during Neolithic Yangshao (5000-2900 BC). Introduction of wheat and barley as well as the addition of domesticated herbivores during the Late Neolithic (∼2600-1900 BC) led to restructuring of ancient Chinese subsistence strategies. This study documents a dietary shift from indigenous millets to the newly introduced cereals in northcentral China during the Bronze Age Eastern Zhou Dynasty (771-221 BC) based on stable isotope analysis of human and animal bone samples. Our results show that this change affected females to a greater degree than males. We find that consumption of the newly introduced cereals was associated with less consumption of animal products and a higher rate of skeletal stress markers among females. We hypothesized that the observed separation of dietary signatures between males and females marks the rise of male-biased inequality in early China. We test this hypothesis by comparing Eastern Zhou human skeletal data with those from Neolithic Yangshao archaeological contexts. We find no evidence of male-female inequality in early farming communities. The presence of male-biased inequality in Eastern Zhou society is supported by increased body height difference between the sexes as well as the greater wealth of male burials.

  4. Influence of surface-normal ground acceleration on the initiation of the Jih-Feng-Erh-Shan landslide during the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, C.-C.; Lee, Y.-H.; Liu, Huaibao P.; Keefer, D.K.; Jibson, R.W.

    2001-01-01

    The 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake triggered numerous landslides throughout a large area in the Central Range, to the east, southeast, and south of the fault rupture. Among them are two large rock avalanches, at Tsaoling and at Jih-Feng-Erh-Shan. At Jih-Feng-Erh-Shan, the entire thickness (30-50 m) of the Miocene Changhukeng Shale over an area of 1 km2 slid down its bedding plane for a distance of about 1 km. Initial movement of the landslide was nearly purely translational. We investigate the effect of surface-normal acceleration on the initiation of the Jih-Feng-Erh-Shan landslide using a block slide model. We show that this acceleration, currently not considered by dynamic slope-stability analysis methods, significantly influences the initiation of the landslide.

  5. Un ente innovativo di ricerca e di servizi per la informazione geospaziale: GIS Research Center della Feng-Chia University di Taiwan (GIS.FCU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Salvemini

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available La storia di un Laboratorio GIS a Taiwan nato da un accordo tra Feng-Chia University e la Università di Roma “LaSapienza” oggi tra i primi nel mondo nel settore dell’informazione geospaziale per la ricerca nell’ambito dei testdell’interoperabilità.A body of research and innovative services for geospatial infor-mation: GIS Research Center of Feng-Chia University in Taiwan (GIS.FCUThe story of a GIS laboratory in Taiwan born on an agreement between the Feng-Chia University and the University of Rome "La Sapienza" now among the first in the world in the field of information for research for geospatial application.

  6. Effect of Direct Sowing Rates on Mid-season “Rice Feng-liang-you-xiang-1”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-jing He

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available To study the suitable seeding rate of middle-season rice sown directly in Jianghan Plain, 6 treatments were set up with different seeding rates for hybrid rice Feng-liang-you-xiang-1 which was sown directly: 22.5, 30, 37.5, 45, 52.5, 60 kg/hm2, respectively and the optimum seeding rate was selected. Some initiative results were made. The seeding rate influences whole growth period, yield components, yield and relative economic output of Feng-liang-you-xiang-1 significantly. It shows a quadratic curve relationship between seeding rate and whole growth period and when the seeding rates were less than 30 kg/hm2 or more than 52.5 kg/hm2, the whole growth period was obviously shortened compared with that of other seeding rate. Among the yield components, panicles, grains panicles, seed-setting rate and harvest index are effected very significantly by the seeding rate, showing a linear relationship of quadratic curve; while to 1000 seed weight the influence don’t reach the level of significant difference. And seeding rate shows in curve relation to yield (y = 2.5248x2 + 198.89x + 7620.1; when the seeding rate is 39.387 kg/hm2, the yield reaches the maximum value of 11536.95 kg/hm2.

  7. Nicolas Lémery (1645-1715 and his Physical-chemical Theory about Different Phenomena for Earth Sciences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cándido Manuel GARCÍA CRUZ

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available An unabridged translation of a work of Nicolas Lémery (1645–1715 is presented for the first time in Spanish, wherein this French chemist and apothecary attempts an explanation on physical and chemical basis of several significant phenomena in Earth Sciences, such as earthquakes, subterranean fires, hurricanes, lightning and thunder. This explanation had a common cause for all the aforementioned phenomena: the processes of mineral fermentation, in this case of sulfur and iron, as a heat source, within the corpuscular theory of matter and mechanistic philosophy, and likewise it represents an interesting contribution of the influence of chemistry on the incipient development of experimental geology at the dawn of the 18th Century. 

  8. Between Vienna and Moscow: the Protopope and the General Vicar Nicolae Pop Balomiri(c. 1700 to c. 1764

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Ioan Popa

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the life of Nicolae Pop Balomiri, a Greek-Catholic Protopope and Orthodox Archimandrite. Appointed General Vicar by the exiled Bishop Inochentie Micu-Klein in 1747, Balomiri fled Transylvania shortly afterwards when the Court in Vienna refused to acknowledge his appointment, instead supporting his predecessor, Petru Pavel Aaron. Early on in his exile, Balomiri converted to Orthodoxy, and was later made Archimandrite of the Monastery of Curtea de Argeş. From exile in Wallachia, he continued to campaign for the rights of Romanian Orthodox Christians in Transylvania, lobbying Russian Empress Elisabeta Petrovna to intervene with the Viennese to request a non-United bishop for Transylvania. Many historians have glossed over Balomiri’s importance, possibly because of his controversial role as an apostate priest.

  9. La nuit sacrée: figurações de espelhamento no filme de Nicolas Klotz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reto Melchior

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo consiste em examinar a transposição intersemiótica de algumas figurações de espelhamento no filme de Nicolas Klotz, La nuit sacrée (1993, baseado nos dois romances L 'enfant de sable (1985 et La nuit sacrée (1987, do autor marroquino Tahar Ben Jelloun, e. em salientar às distorções resultantes desta transmutação. Baseado, em primeiro lugar, na teoria semiótica formulada por Ignacio Assis Silva, em Figurativização e metamorfose: o mito de Narciso, tentei analisar a integração dos constituintes narrativos: vida - paixão - morte e metamorfose, nos dois textos literários e na adaptação cinematográfica.

  10. Nicolas Michel, Une économie de subsistances. Le Maroc précolonial, IFAO, Le Caire, 1997.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Denoix

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Le titre de cet ouvrage peut apparaître paradoxal si l'on considère, comme le rappelle Nicolas Michel, que le Maroc, dès avant le XIXe siècle, était inséré dans une économie marchande internationale "faisant circuler dans tout le pays produits et espèces monétaires". En fait, les produits de première nécessité échappent au grand négoce et font plutôt l'objet d'un troc, d'un échange contre services, hors système monétaire. Néanmoins, dans un souci de rigueur méthodologique, l'auteur nous garde...

  11. Introduction to plant feng shui culture expression in landscape%植物风水文化在景观中的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄红艳

    2015-01-01

    This article expounds the history and culture origin between the plant landscape and feng shui, and through analyze the plants feng shui feng shui culture in constructing the Chinese traditional garden and the application of modern plant landscape and expres-sion. Put forward the flexible use of the traditional Chinese fengshui theory, achieve the sustainable utilization of the natural environment, the special value of constructing modern landscape plants feng shui culture is a inevitable choice of the return of human culture.%阐述了植物景观与风水之间的历史文化渊源,并通过对植物风水的剖析阐明风水文化在构造中国传统园林和现代植物景观中的运用和表达。提出灵活运用中国传统风水学理论,实现自然环境的可持续利用,以植物风水文化的特殊价值构建现代景观是人类文化回归的必然选择。

  12. Numerical study of the seasonal variability of Aurelia aurita ephyra abundance: Application to the JiaoZhou Bay, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Z.; Wang, N.; Li, C.; Sun, S.

    2013-12-01

    The outbreaks of the inshore scyphozoan Aurelia aurita have been increasingly reported in the coastal waters of China in recent years, with detrimental impacts on local ecosystems and economies. The strobilation process is an important part of the A. aurita life cycle because it can increase the jellyfish population size by producing new jellyfish (ephyrae). Hence it is essential to investigate the strobilation dynamics in order to better understand and possibly predict jellyfish outbreaks. In this work, we present a model that provides a realistic simulation of the combined effects of temperature and food supply on the ephyra liberation dynamics. The parameterization of the model is based on the laboratory and field experiments and the literature. The model results show that temperature has a parabolic-like effect on liberated ephyra numbers. The numbers of liberated ephyra increase with temperature before reaching a peak and then decays. No ephyrae liberation occurs in very low or very high temperautres, despite the food level is high or not. While liberation occurs, high food supply increases ephyra production. Application of the model to JiaoZhou Bay with in-situ measured temperature and zooplanton abundance produces results coherent with the seasonal in situ observations. In JiaoZhou Bay, the ephyrae of A. aurita usually appear in early April, and reaches their peak in abundance in June and the jellyfish outbreaks reported occurs in July-August. Experiments with the model show that there are two main periods of strobilation in JiaoZhou Bay. The first begins at early march and reaches its peak in May. The second occurs during October to early December with its peak in November. The first strobilation period is in a good agreement with in situ observations. No available data in JiaoZhou Bay could be used to validate the second one. Nevertheless, occurrence of A. aurita ephyrae was reported in late October in similar latitudes such as in Tokyo Bay. No jellyfish

  13. 中国风水地理哲学基础与人地关系%Philosophical Foundation of Chinese Feng Shui Geography and Man-Land Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙峰华; 方创琳; 王振波; 颜廷真

    2014-01-01

    The paper firstly examines traditional Feng Shui geography from the perspective of dialectical materialism, and constructs a pattern diagram from traditional to modern Feng Shui geography based on critique of Chinese Feng Shui philosophy geography. The concept of“Tian Ren He Yi”(Man and nature in one) in“The Book of Changes”laid the philosophical foundation of traditional Feng Shui geography, owing to the functions of concept of“Tian Ren He Yi”. Modern Feng Shui geography practices have endowed the concept of“Tian Ren He Yi”with new connotation. The renewed philosophical ideology of“Tian Ren He Yi”bears important significance on Modern Feng Shui geography research, the former of the two closely related to “man-land relationship”.“Man-land relationship”is not only the research theme and core of modern human geography, but also the source and the core of the crux of modern Feng Shui geography. In this paper, the systematic rethinking of the“man-land relationship” theoretical model lays a solid theoretical foundation for the study of man-land relationship of modern Feng shui geography. And this study points out that traditional Feng Shui geography contains a large number of superstition and pseudo-scientific thoughts, and must be subjected to philosophical examination of science and innovation. Relevant modern scientific theories, methods, and techniques must be introduced, so that the study will develop from the qualitative research to empirical research, from traditional to modern Feng Shui Geography.%首先用辩证唯物主义哲学观考察了传统风水地理学,在对中国风水地理哲学批判的基础上,构建了从传统风水地理学走向现代风水地理学的模式图。《周易》中的“天人合一”观之所以奠定了传统风水地理学的哲学基础,它由“天人合一”思想的功能所决定。现代风水地理学实践赋予了“天人合一”新内涵,新“天人合一”的哲学

  14. A Discussion on Images of Lyrics by Feng Yansi%冯延巳词意象浅论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏玮

    2011-01-01

    冯延巳词由自然意象群和室内外建筑与装饰意象群两大意象群组成。词的意象选择与前代词相比有突出的变化。总体表现为:在一定程度上消解了以女性为中心的意象群特征,意象组合崇尚清雅,同时带有明显的萧疏、衰飒、孤寂之感。%This article researches on the images of lyrics by Feng Yansi,which composed of the natural images and images of inside outside buildings and decorations.The choice of word image had prominent changes comparing with word used in the previous dynasty.The m

  15. 关于《芋粥》的叙事分析%On the narrative analysis of "Yu Zhou"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴梦

    2012-01-01

      "Yu Zhou" is the history written novel based on "Akutagawa". Both in content and in form, his original creation is recreated again. Recreation of forms is mainly embodied in that the narrator is "explicit". Through analysis of the narrator's type in "Yu Zhou", can be better for the text narrative analysis.%  《芋粥》是芥川龙之介取材于《今昔物语集》写就的历史题材的小说。无论从内容上还是从形式上,芥川都对原作进行了再创作。形式上的再创作主要体现在让叙述者“外显”这一点上。而通过分析《芋粥》中叙述者的类型,可以更好地对文本进行叙事分析

  16. Famine Disaster Measures in Western Zhou Dynasty%西周时期抗灾救荒措施初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲宏实

    2014-01-01

    In the 276 year history of the Western Zhou Dynasty, water, drought, hail, earthquakes, insects, wind and other natural disasters occur frequently. In the course of the Western Zhou Dynasty People struggle with the disaster, in addition to due to the limited scientific knowledge beyond the day, ancestors and nature of God in prayer, but also the use of irrigation, grain and other savings for Famine Relief to struggle with natural disasters and famine, which"Week o official ceremony . Tai Situ"recorded twelve famine relief is related to the famine disaster measures various aspects.%在西周276年的历史内,水、旱、雹、震、虫、风等自然灾害频繁发生。西周人民在同灾害斗争的过程中,除了由于科学知识的有限而向天、祖和自然神祷告之外,还采用兴修水利、储蓄粮食等荒政来同自然灾害及饥荒作斗争,其中《周礼·地官·大司徒》所记载的十二荒政则涉及到抗灾救荒措施的各个方面。

  17. Zhou Fuming's Gouty Arthritis Treatment Tips%周富明痛风性关节炎辨治要诀

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈佳红; 周富明

    2016-01-01

    [目的]总结周富明名老中医发挥中医药优势治疗痛风性关节炎的学术观点和临床经验。[方法]通过临证侍诊、跟师抄方、收集分析老师临床资料,研究探讨周老治疗痛风性关节炎的学术观点和临床经验,对其中医药治疗痛风性关节炎的辨证特色予以总结,并附验案举隅。[结果]痛风性关节炎中医称之为痹证,正虚外感、邪气痹阻经脉为基本病因病机,周老提出先辨主证、后辨兼证,明确缓急、虚实、病位的辨证要诀,据此遣方用药,最终达到扶正驱邪、标本兼治的目的。所举医案,贯彻周师的临床经验,疗效满意。[结论]周富明老中医中医辨证论治治疗痛风性关节炎效果显著,具有推广应用价值。其临床辨证思路及遣方用药原则值得深入学习与探究。%Objective] To sum up the academic ideas and clinical experience of Zhou Fuming's old Chinese medicine in treating gout arthritis. [Method] From the clinical treatment,coping the teacher's prescription drugs, collecting the clinical information of the teacher, research and discuss Zhou Fuming old doctor of traditional Chinese medicine academic ideas and clinical experience in gouty arthritis treatment, to summarize the traditional Chinese medicine of gouty arthritis in dialectical characteristic, and for proven cases. [Result] Gouty arthritis in TCM is called arthromyodynia, physical weakness and disease blocking main and collateral channels are the basic pathogenesis. Zhou Fuming old Chinese medicine puts forward first identifing the main symptoms, then identifing secondary symptoms, to make clear major and minor, virtual and real, the site of disease treatment tips, with objective to reach strengthening the physique and driving away the disease and clinical cure. The listed medical case carried out teacher Zhou's academic experience, whose curative effect was satisying. [Conclusion] Zhou Fuming old Chinese

  18. 文化人类学视野下的周作人%The Perspective of Cultural Anthropology Zhou Zuoren

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖晓春

    2011-01-01

    “五四”新文化运动从实质上说是一场“人的解放”运动,正是出于这一精神的要求,周作人对西方文化人类学充满了浓厚的兴趣.并以此为中心构建了他独特的知识体系。他对中国国民性的富于穿透力的认知在很大程度上取决于他所受到的文化人类学的学科滋养,正是文化人类学使周作人突破了中国传统文化中的“家族本位主义”,跟整个20世纪的“人”的觉醒与解放运动完成了精神呼应,它同时也垫高了周作人对中国文化和中国国民性的观照视点,使他在中国现代文化史和文学史上占有非常重要的位置。%"May 4th' new culture movement from essentially is a "people's" liberation movement, it is out of the spiritual requirements, Zhou zuo-ren on western culture anthropology is full of interest. And for this center constructs his unique knowledge system. His nationality of China in the cognitive penetrating abound depends largely on him by the cultural anthropology discipline and nourishing. It is the cultural anthropology that traditional Chinese culture Zhou zuo-ren breakthrough the "family selfish departmentalism" with the entire 20th century, the "people's" awakening and liberation movement finished spirit appeal, it also mat high Zhou zuoren on Chinese culture and Chinese nationality made his point of view, a witness in modem Chinese history and literature history of occupied a very important position.

  19. Research on Female Ethics of Zhou Yi%《周易》女性伦理析论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李育富

    2015-01-01

    《周易》包括《易经》《易传》,经、传有着不一样的女性伦理价值观。《易经》女性伦理呈现国家、社会、个人伦理多层次和多样性的格局;而《易传》倾向男尊女卑、男主女从的妇妻社会伦理,体现了统一性,并对这种统一的女性伦理接通天人之际,凭借形上的根据以证成其合法性和合理性。《周易》的这些女性伦理观,是我国古代女性伦理的重要理论来源,对于后世的女性伦理发展有着重要的影响。今人在分析《周易》女性伦理时,应当坚持经、传相分的观点,才能准确地把握其女性伦理观。%Zhou Yi includes Yi Jing and Yi Zhuan,which with different values of female ethics. The female ethics of Yi Jing is multi-level and various with state,social and personal ethics. But Yi Zhuan tends to the social ethics that women are inferior to men and it finds out the foundation of the women social ethics from the heaven-human relationship by ontology as well. The female ethics of Zhou Yi,is an important theoretical source of Chinese ancient female ethics,which also has an important influ-ence on the later development of female ethics. In the analysis of Zhou Yi’s female ethics,we should make a distinction between Yi Jing and Yi Zhuan in order to accurately grasp the female ethic view.

  20. Settlement distribution and its relationship with environmental changes from the Neolithic to Shang-Zhou dynasties in northern Shandong, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Yuanyuan; MO Duowen; MAO Longjiang; WANG Shougong; LI Shuicheng

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,the spatial and temporal distribution of the settlement sites of six periods from the Neolithic Age to the Shang and Zhou dynasties in northern Shandong was investigated using the ArcGIS program,and the relationship between settlement distribution and environmental changes was discussed,based on the proxy records of climatic and environmental change contained in the sediments from three sections at the Shuangwangcheng site and the previous work.The results show that the climate was warm and humid and the sea level was relatively high during the period of 8000-5000 a BP in the study area,and the ancient people lived in the relatively flat (slope of <2°) areas at high elevation (20-300 m above sea level),such as diluvial tableland and alluvial plain.On the other hand,few archaeological sites in the low-lying plain in the west of the study area indicate that few people lived there during that period.This might be attributed to frequent flooding in the area.After 5000years ago,the scope of human activity extended to the area close to the sea because the relatively colder and drier climate results in sea-level fall,meanwhile the low-lying plain in the west was occupied by the ancient people.The study area of this period was characterized by the rapid development of prehistoric culture,the intensified social stratification and the emergence of early city-states.However,around 4000 a BP,the abrupt change in climate and the increase in frequency and intensity of floods severely disrupted human activities,and eventually led to the decline of the Yueshi culture.During the Shang and Zhou dynasties,the climatic conditions gradually stabilized in a mild-dry state,which promoted the redevelopment and flourish of the Bronze Culture.The previous situation,which was characteristic of sparse human settlements due to freshwater shortage and unfitted conditions for sedentary agriculture,changed during the Shang and Zhou dynasties in northem coastal wetlands

  1. 绍兴鲁迅故居风水浅析%Analysis Of Feng-Shui Of Shaoxing Lu Xun's Former Residence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张耀升; 罗一萍

    2016-01-01

    中国传统民居营建过程中包含着风水的思想,本文以绍兴周家新台门出卖给东邻朱家前绘制的平面图为研究对象,从周边环境、宅形、营建理念等对绍兴鲁迅故居进行风水浅析。%The construction of Chinese traditional houses include the idea of Feng-shui.The Building plan before the sale of Shaoxing Lu Xun's former residence. Based on this, the paper analysis of Feng-shui of Shaoxing Lu Xun's former residence from the surounding environment, the house shape, the theory of construction.

  2. 论风景园林设计中的风水观%The Outlook of Feng-shui in Landscape Architecture Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一飞; 马英豪; 叶文学; 郝应林

    2013-01-01

      在分析了风水学的科学性和民俗文化性的基础上,提出了树立和弘扬全新的风水观才能使风水学在现代中国民族风景园林设计中发挥其应有的作用。%  On the analysis of the geomantic learn is scientific and the folk custom culture, on the basis of the proposed set up and carry forward the new concept of Feng-shui to Feng-shui in the landscape design of mod⁃ern Chinese people play its proper role.

  3. 傅友丰教授治疗闭经经验%Experience of FU You-feng Professor Treatment Amenorrhea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周红光

    2012-01-01

    对傅友丰教授治疗闭经临床经验进行总结,介绍其治病特色.傅友丰教授治疗闭经强调辨证分虚实;补肾调周,采用中药建立人工周期;补肾填精,健脾和中贯穿始终等方法,取得很好的临床效果,值得临床推广应用.%This paper summarized FU You-feng professor of clinical experience in the treatment of amenorrhea, introduced her Cure characteristics. FUYou-feng professor emphasize that syndrome differentiation distinguish deficiency and exces; nourish kidney use of Chinese medicine build artificial cycle and nourish kidney replenishing essence. Acquired very good clinical effect and deserved clinical application.

  4. 关于夏商周碳十四年代框架%On the 14C Chronclogical Frame of the Xia-Shang-Zhou Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪莲; 仇士华

    2001-01-01

    14C Chronological framework provides scientific foundations for establishing of Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronological Table. New 14C dating datums of Luodamiao-Erligang period supplement basis for determination of the time when Zhengzhou Shang-period City started to establish.

  5. Tombs of the Zhou Period at Guziping in Yiyuan County,Shandong%山东沂源县姑子坪周代墓葬

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    山东大学考古系; 淄博市文物局; 沂源县文管所

    2003-01-01

    In 2001,three tombs of the Zhou period were excavated at Guziping by the Archaeology Department of Shandong University,Zibo Municipal Museum and other institutions.All of them are wooden—chambered rectangular earth pits.M1 and M2 are large in size and contain bronze vessels of ritual use and weapons.The tomb—owners must have been noblemen.M4 is smaller in size and much poorer in grave goods,yielding only a few pottery vessels.Its occupant must have been among the common people M1 and M4 date roughly from the late Western Zhou period,while M2 can be assigned to the turn between the Western and Eastern Zhou or to the early Spring and Autumn period. The burial custom and funeral obiects of the three tombs show distinct features of the Ju or other local cultures.The discovery is of great importance in the Shang and Zhou archaeology of Shandong.

  6. Comment on '3-D frequency-domain seismic wave modelling in heterogeneous, anisotropic media using a Gaussian quadrature grid approach' by Bing Zhou and S. A. Greenhalgh

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Basabe, Jonás D.

    2011-08-01

    Zhou & Greenhalgh have recently presented an application of the Gaussian quadrature grid to seismic modelling in which the authors propose a meshing scheme that partitions the domain independently of the discontinuities in the media parameters. This comment aims to clarify the implications that this strategy has on the accuracy.

  7. From the Island of the Blue Dolphins: A unique 19th century cache feature from San Nicolas Island, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erlandson, Jon M.; Thomas-Barnett, Lisa; Vellanoweth, René L.; Schwartz, Steven J.; Muhs, Daniel R.

    2013-01-01

    A cache feature salvaged from an eroding sea cliff on San Nicolas Island produced two redwood boxes containing more than 200 artifacts of Nicoleño, Native Alaskan, and Euro-American origin. Outside the boxes were four asphaltum-coated baskets, abalone shells, a sandstone dish, and a hafted stone knife. The boxes, made from split redwood planks, contained a variety of artifacts and numerous unmodified bones and teeth from marine mammals, fish, birds, and large land mammals. Nicoleño-style artifacts include 11 knives with redwood handles and stone blades, stone projectile points, steatite ornaments and effigies, a carved stone pipe, abraders and burnishing stones, bird bone whistles, bone and shell pendants, abalone shell dishes, and two unusual barbed shell fishhooks. Artifacts of Native Alaskan style include four bone toggling harpoons, two unilaterally barbed bone harpoon heads, bone harpoon fore-shafts, a ground slate blade, and an adze blade. Objects of Euro-American origin or materials include a brass button, metal harpoon blades, and ten flaked glass bifaces. The contents of the cache feature, dating to the early-to-mid nineteenth century, provide an extraordinary window on a time of European expansion and global economic development that created unique cultural interactions and social transformations.

  8. Nicolae RÂMBU – The Value of Feeling and the Feeling of Value, Editura Grinta, Cluj-Napoca, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasile MAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Personalitate remarcabilă a culturii româneşti actuale, Nicolae RÂMBU este profesor la Universitatea „Al. I. Cuza” din Iaşi, Facultatea de Filosofie şi Ştiinţe Social-Politice, titular al cursurilor de Filosofie clasică germană, Axiologie, Filosofia culturii şi Comunicare interculturală. A publicat lucrări de specialitate în ţară şi în străinătate, printre care: Attraverso le ceneri dei valori. Saggi sull’impossibile neutralità assiologica, Seneca Edizioni, Torino, 2008; Axiologissche Unangemessenheiten. Beitäge zur Kulturphilosophie, Logos Verlag, Berlin, 2007; Tirania valorilor. Studii de filosofia culturii şi axiologice, Editura Didactică şi Pedagogică, Bucureşti, 2006, lucrare distinsă cu premiul „Mircea Florian” al Academiei Române.

  9. Magnetic susceptibility measurements as proxy method to monitor soil pollution: the case study of S. Nicola di Melfi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Emilio, Mariagrazia; Caggiano, Rosa; Coppola, Rosa; Macchiato, Maria; Ragosta, Maria

    2010-10-01

    The development of in situ, cheep, noninvasive, and fast strategies for soil monitoring is a crucial task for environmental research. In this paper, we present the results of three field surveys carried out in an industrial area of Southern Italy: S. Nicola di Melfi. The monitoring procedure is based on soil magnetic susceptibility measurements carried out by means of experimental protocols that our research group developed during the last years. This field surveys is supported by both geological characterization of the area and analytical determinations of metal concentrations in soils. Magnetic studies were carried out not only in situ but also in laboratory. Results show that, taking into account the influence due to the geomorphologic difference, soil magnetic susceptibility is an optimal indicator of the anthropogenic impact. So, our monitoring strategy discloses that the combined use of magnetic susceptibility measurements and soil geomorphology information may be used as a useful tool for the temporal monitoring of pollution evolution and for a fast screening of polluted zones.

  10. Os retratos de Maria Isabel e Maria Francisca de Bragança, de Nicolas-Antoine Taunay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Dias

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nicolas-Antoine Taunay, French landscape painter, produced also several portraits during his stay at the Rio de Janeiro Court. In this city, in 1816, he paints the queen Carlota Joaquina and all her daughters. In this group, two portraits have a very special way: the paintings still today catalogued as Maria Francisca and Maria Teresa, but probably being Maria Isabel and Maria Francisca de Assis - princesses that, in this year, left Brazil to marry the Spanish King Fernando VII, and his brother Carlos Maria Isidro de Bourbon. In this article, beyond to describe these portraits (and analyse the identities of the portrayed princesses, I analyse their functions in the Court society and the mains artists of this gender in Europe. I will discuss, as well, the hypothesis about the Taunay choices. In this sense, I will analyse the possible circulation of the typologies of portrait between Italy, Portugal, Spain and France, understanding these productions by Taunay and the functions occupied by these portraits in the political relations between Brazil and Europe.

  11. High mass and spatial resolution mass spectrometry imaging of Nicolas Poussin painting cross section by cluster TOF-SIMS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noun, M; Van Elslande, E; Touboul, D; Glanville, H; Bucklow, S; Walter, P; Brunelle, A

    2016-12-01

    The painting Rebecca and Eliezer at the Well, which hangs in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK, is possibly one of the last figure painting executed by Nicolas Poussin at the very end of his life and is usually dated to the early 1660s. In this perspective special feature, Philippe Walter, Alain Brunelle and colleagues give new insights on the artist's working methods by a careful stateof-the-art imaging ToF-SIMS study of one sample taken on the edge of the painting. This approach allowed for the identification of the pigments used in the painting, their nature and components and those of the ground and preparatory layers, with the identification of the binder(s) and possible other additions of organic materials such as glue. This study paves the way to a wider use of ToF-SIMS for the analysis of ancient cultural heritage artefacts. Dr. Walter is the Director of the Molecular and Structural Archeology Laboratory (Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France). Dr. Brunelle is Head of the Mass Spectrometry Laboratory at the Institut de Chimie des Substances Naturelles (CNRS, Gif-sur-Yvette, France). Their long standing collaboration has led to several seminal publications on the analysis of ancient artefacts by mass spectrometry.

  12. The construction of the idea of the city in Early Modern Europe: Pérez de Herrera and Nicolas Delamare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraile, Pedro

    2010-01-01

    With the economic and social changes in Europe at the end of the sixteenth century and the formation and consolidation of an urban network throughout the continent, questions such as poverty, sanitation, and hygiene began to pose acute problems in the cities of the age. A new school of thought, known in Spain as Ciencia de Policía and in the Mediterranean area as Policy Science, proposed solutions for these problems and tested them through practical interventions inside the urban setting. In this article the author compares the work of two thinkers: Cristóbal Pérez de Herrera, a Spaniard, and Nicolas Delamare, a Frenchman. Writing in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, Pérez de Herrera examined the organization of Madrid, the newly founded (though still not firmly established) capital of Spain. Delamare based his study on the Paris of the early eighteenth century. The author stresses the coincidences in some of the ideas of both thinkers and shows how their writings begin to embody a new idea of the city, many aspects of which have survived until the present day.

  13. [Mining analysis and experience summary for chronic atrophic gastritis cases treated by Professor LIU Feng-bin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Zheng-kun; Liu, Feng-bin; Li, Pei-wu; Zhuang, Kun-hai

    2015-06-01

    To summarize Professor LIU Feng-bin's clinical experience and theoretical thoughts on chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), the study group designed a retrospective study on his case series and expert interview. First of all, the data of CAG patients treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine between 2009 and 2013, e. g. herbs, diseases, syndrome type, prescription amount and number of herbs, was collected and processed. The statistical description and binary logistic regression were used to determined the syndrome type, initial basic remedy and modification. During the statistics, a complete and sub-group analysis was performed simultaneously. After the expert interview, the syndrome type and medication were finalized. As a result, a total of 228 CAG patients aged at (50.30 ± 10.18) were collected, including 151 males (66.23%). Of them, the TCM diagnosis and syndrome type were extracted from the information of 157 patients, including 115 cases with gastric stuffiness, 23 cases with gastric pain, 19 missing cases, 2 cases with spleen-stomach weakness syndrome, 57 cases with spleen deficiency and dampness-heat syndrome, 18 cases with spleen-stomach disharmony syndrome, 23 cases with syndrome of liver depression syndrome, 21 cases with liver qi invading stomach syndrome and 26 qi and yin deficiency syndrome, respectively. All of the 228 patients used totally 104 herbs, while the subgroups with 157 patients used 94 herbs. The most frequently used 15 herbs used in each groups were analyzed to determine the initial basic remedy and modification. Subsequently, based on the information of the sub-groups with 157 patients, with the syndrome type as the dependent variable, the logistic regression analysis was made on the most frequently used 32 herbs, in order to determined the modification in herbs for different syndrome types. After experts reviewed and modified, they believed the main causes of CAG were dietary irregularities

  14. 论我国古代城市规划中的风水观%The Feng-shui Theory in the Urban Planning of Ancient China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵景伟

    2011-01-01

    风水在我国城市选址、城市规划、建筑设计、园林设计和营造中都有所体现,中国古都风貌的精髓就是在古代城市规划布局中所体现出来的风水观念。《周易》、《管子》以及道家思想,是中国古代风水理论产生的思想背景,其阴阳哲学思想在古代城市规划中具有非常显著的运用,风水理论所体现的生态观念仍然是现代城市规划的目标之一。正确运用风水理论中科学的观念去正确处理城市规划和环境问题,是当前国内外规划和设计人员所面临的任务。%The theory of Feng-shui, the essence of Chinese ancient city landscape, was adequately reflected in the urban location, the urban planning, architectural design, gardening design and building in ancient China. The Yin-Yang philosophy in Feng-shui theory, which is derived from the thoughts of Zhouyi, Guanzi and Taoism, was widely applied in ancient urban planning, and the ecological idea in Feng-shui is applicable even in today's urban planning. It is believed that ideas in Feng-shui theory should be used scientifically to solve the environment problem coming of urban planning and desig ning, with which designers and planners home and abroad are confronted.

  15. 雷锋精神与竞技体育道德重塑%Spirit of Lei Feng and the Competitive Sports Moral Reconstruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋惠娟

    2012-01-01

    运用文献资料法和逻辑分析法,对雷锋精神视角下的我国竞技体育道德重塑进行深入研究。首先简析了雷锋精神的时代内涵。其次对雷锋精神视角下的我国竞技体育理论道德缺失特征进行了全面分析,其中主要包括:不敬业而敬"金",诚信和公平竞赛精神的缺失;崇尚形象,抛弃节俭,甚至不计成本;个人与集体矛盾重重三大方面。最后,指出了以雷锋精神重塑我国竞技体育道德的相关对策与建议。%With the research methods of literature study and logical analysis,the paper has an in-depth study on the competitive sports moral reconstruction of China from the perspective of Lei Feng spirit.The paper analyses the time connotation of LEI Feng Spirit and has a comprehensive analysis of moral deficiency of competitive sport theory in China from the perspective of LEI Feng Spirit.The paper proposes the reasons of the deficiency,such as more thinking of money than work,lack of the spirit of faith and fair competition;image advocating,thrift abandoning and the conflicts between the individual and the group.The paper,points out the countermeasures and suggestions about the reconstruction of China's competitive sports morality through LEI Feng Spirit.

  16. Three-dimensional Operation Design of Forest Engineering —— A Case Study of Bagua Zhou in Nanjing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongyu GU; Tao LIN; Jing ZHOU; Xuemei YU

    2012-01-01

    Abstract [Objective] The aim was to construct a virtuous eco-system covering mul- ti-populations, multi-layers and multi-products and to explore timber production of physical and non-physical products, in order to extend products operated in forestry engineering and seek a novel model for forestry engineering. [Method] A three-di- mensional operation project was designed based on forestry lands in Bagua Zhou in Nanjing City. [Result] In the project, timber products, by-products in forest and relax- ing products supplimented and supported each other, and a virtuous circle has been achieved. [Conclusion] The novel model makes simultaneous relaxing and working possible, which creat vaule together.

  17. 赤壁之战后的周瑜考论%On Zhou Yu After The Chibi Battle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林榕杰

    2011-01-01

    周瑜等在赤壁之战获胜后发动江陵之战,并最终迫使曹仁撤走。占领南郡江陵等地使得孙权后来在与刘备就荆州问题的交涉中处于较为有利的地位。刘备赴江东谈判“都督荆州”之事,周瑜、吕范劝孙权借机留下刘备。不过孙权接受了鲁肃的建c义,对刘备采取笼络、联合的立场,但又力求从刘备那谋取一定实际利益。周瑜向孙权提出先攻取巴蜀、汉中而后进占襄阳的战略规划。他或想到刘备以后会染指益州.因此主张先西进益州,这样可挤压刘备未来的战略发展空间,实现“二分天下”的目标。他的病逝使这一战略规划未能实现。赤壁之战后的周瑜是江东方面向外扩张的急进派,而且他抓住了向荆州扩张的机会。%Zhou Yu and other commanders launched the Jiangling Battle after their victory in the Chibi Battle, and later forced Cao Ren to retreat. After occupying Jiangling and some other places in Nanjun, Sun Quan strengthened his position in the negotiation on Jingzhou with Liu Bei. Liu Bei went to Jiangdong to carry on negotiations on his controlling Jingzhou, but Zhou Yu and Lu Fan advised Sun Quan to detain him. However, Sun Quan was persuaded by Lu Su to ally with Liu Bei, though with seeking certain benefits from the latter. Zhou Yu produced a strategic planning to capture Ba, Shu and Hanzhong, and then occupy Xiangyang. Perhaps at that time he realized Liu Bei would attack Yizhou later, so he argued for marching westwards to Yizhou in advance in order to squeeze the future strategic space of Liu Bei, and achieved his objectives of "dividing the empire into two parts". This strategic planning was not carried out because of his death. Zhou Yu belonged to the radical expansionists in Jiangdong after the Chibi Battle, and he seized the chance to expand into Jingzhou.

  18. Research on History of Grain Storages in Eastern Zhou Dynasty%东周储粮史研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周智波; 余黎星

    2016-01-01

    In the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, in order to grab the right of domination and rival for hegemony, every vassal state focused on the development of agricultural production and cereal storage. Agricultural development saw the appearance and application of iron farm tools, expansion of the artificial irrigation area, manual fertilization and popularization etc. During this period, the forms of grain storage were ground storage houses and underground barn cellars, which were divided into state and private grain storages. The cereal storages aimed at military spending, disaster relief, salary expenses of the officials, expenditure of the palace and so on. The cereal storage during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty was a step forward both in its size and management.%东周时期,各诸侯国为了称雄争霸,都比较注重农业生产的发展及粮食的储藏。农业发展表现为:铁农具的出现和使用,人工灌溉面积扩大,人工施肥的推广等。这个时期,储粮形式有地上仓房和地下粮窖,储粮分为国家储粮和私人储粮。储粮的用途为:军费开支、救灾、官吏俸禄、王宫费用等。东周时期,储粮无论是规模和管理,都向前跨进了一步。

  19. Concept Of Feng Shui In The Application Of Landscape Design%风水理念在园林设计中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫俊文; 刘庭风

    2016-01-01

    today, the landscape design should consider many aspects, feng shui is one of the important factors about the rationality of the landscape planning, even wil involve the problem of good or il luck, should be taken seriously, and strengthen the relevant theoretical research. This article first to feng shui theory and its basic principle to do a simple introduction, and from the site selection, landscape design, plant configure three aspects analyzes the practical application of the concept of feng shui.%如今园林设计要综合考虑很多方面,风水是其中一个重要因素,关乎园林规划的合理性,甚至会涉及到吉凶问题,应当引起重视,并加强相关理论研究。本文先对风水理论及其基本原则做了简单介绍,然后从选址立基、景观设计、植物配置三方面分析了风水理念的实际应用。

  20. 风水理论中的美学原则及审美取向%The Aesthetic Principles and Standards of Feng Shui Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖冠兰

    2012-01-01

    Feng Shui is the most important theory system of Chinese traditional culture to estimate the natural environment for site selection. The main aesthetic principles and standards of Feng Shui such as clear priorities, balance and stability, etc. will be analyzed in this paper. And it will also propose that the aesthetic principles and standards of Feng Shui theory play a guiding role in the organization and construction of the classical architectures.%本文通过分析风水理论中对自然环境的评价原则,指出其中所包含的“主次分明”、“均衡稳定”、“宽阔大气”、“屈曲灵动”等美学思想和审美取向及其对中国古典建筑的环境景观、空间构成、建筑群体组合等的指导作用。

  1. Study on the art of language of Feng Gong's sketch%冯巩小品语言艺术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李馥君

    2013-01-01

    Feng Gong's sketch was a public concern, the main reason were the characteristics of the language approach, humorous joke, vivid interpretation. So his sketch loved by all of us. In this article, the language of Feng Gong's sketch in recent years are analyzed and explored by the voice pronunciation, vocabulary and sentence structure .And summarizes the expression features of the characteristics of the language of the Feng Gong's sketch.%冯巩的小品被大众所关注,主要是因为特色化的语言方式,诙谐幽默的笑料,生动形象的演绎,使得他的小品深受大家的喜爱。本文主要通过语音、词汇、句式方面将冯巩近几年小品的语言进行分析和探究,概括出冯巩小品特色化语言的表达特点。

  2. On the Style Transformation in Feng Chih's Poems before 1949%论冯至1949年前诗歌风格的转变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨洋

    2013-01-01

    Before the year of 1949, Feng Chih's poetry writing went through a great transformation from "Romanticism Lyrics"to"Modernism Lyrics".The poetries written between 1920s and 1930s were different from those in 1940s in the intensity of the subject spirit's interposing , the description objects , and the implications .When Feng Chih was in Germany , he had been deeply influenced by Rilke, a German poet, and the philosophy of "existentialism"prevailing at that time in Germany , both of which had also played an innegligible part in the transformation of Feng Chih's poetic style .%冯至的诗歌创作在1949年前经历了一次由“浪漫主义抒情诗”向“现代主义抒情诗”的巨大转变,二十至三十年代的诗歌与四十年代的诗歌在主体精神的介入程度、描写对象和思想意蕴等方面发生了变化。在冯至留德期间,德语诗人里尔克以及盛行于当时德国的存在主义哲学对冯至的创作产生了巨大影响,并且在冯至诗风转变中起到不可忽视的作用。

  3. A Module Analysis Approach to Investigate Molecular Mechanism of TCM Formula: A Trial on Shu-feng-jie-du Formula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianglong Song

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available At the molecular level, it is acknowledged that a TCM formula is often a complex system, which challenges researchers to fully understand its underlying pharmacological action. However, module detection technique developed from complex network provides new insight into systematic investigation of the mode of action of a TCM formula from the molecule perspective. We here proposed a computational approach integrating the module detection technique into a 2-class heterogeneous network (2-HN which models the complex pharmacological system of a TCM formula. This approach takes three steps: construction of a 2-HN, identification of primary pharmacological units, and pathway analysis. We employed this approach to study Shu-feng-jie-du (SHU formula, which aimed at discovering its molecular mechanism in defending against influenza infection. Actually, four primary pharmacological units were identified from the 2-HN for SHU formula and further analysis revealed numbers of biological pathways modulated by the four pharmacological units. 24 out of 40 enriched pathways that were ranked in top 10 corresponding to each of the four pharmacological units were found to be involved in the process of influenza infection. Therefore, this approach is capable of uncovering the mode of action underlying a TCM formula via module analysis.

  4. Streptomyces pactum assisted phytoremediation in Zn/Pb smelter contaminated soil of Feng County and its impact on enzymatic activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Amjad; Guo, Di; Mahar, Amanullah; Ma, Fang; Li, Ronghua; Shen, Feng; Wang, Ping; Zhang, Zengqiang

    2017-04-01

    Anthropogenic activities, such as industrial expansion, smelting, mining and agricultural practices, have intensified the discharge of potentially toxic trace elements (PTEs) into the environment, threatening human health and other organisms. To assist phytoremediation by sorghum in soil contaminated by smelters/mines in Feng County (FC), a pot experiment was performed to examine the phytoremediation potential of Streptomyces pactum (Act12) + biochar. The results showed that root uptake of Zn and Cd was reduced by 45 and 22%, respectively, while the uptake of Pb and Cu increased by 17 and 47%, respectively. The shoot and root dry weight and chlorophyll content improved after Act12 inoculation. β-glucosidase, alkaline phosphatase and urease activities in soil improved and antioxidant activities (POD, PAL, PPO) decreased after application of Act12 + biochar due to a reduction in stress from PTEs. BCF, TF and MEA confirmed the role of Act12 in the amelioration and translocation of PTEs. PCA analysis showed a correlation between different factors that affect the translocation of PTEs. Overall, Act12 promoted the phytoremediation of PTEs. Field experiments on Act12 + biochar may provide new insights into the rehabilitation and restoration of soils contaminated by mines.

  5. Research Review on Pu Feng and the Others%蒲风研究综述及其他

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨俏凡

    2012-01-01

    蒲风是20世纪30年代重要的左翼诗人,是中国诗歌会的骨干人物,但当下的学术界一直缺少对他的关注。通过对蒲风的创作情况、蒲风的研究现状以及蒲风研究的意义三个方面进行介绍分析,以方便更多的研究者去探究蒲风的艺术世界。%Pu Feng was an important leftwing poet in 1930s. He was regarded as the backbone in China Poetry Association. But the current academic circle had not paid much attention to him and his works for a long time. This article makes an introductory analysis its significance in order to help more on the base of the poet himself, his writing career, current study on him and researchers enter his literature world.

  6. Streptomyces pactum assisted phytoremediation in Zn/Pb smelter contaminated soil of Feng County and its impact on enzymatic activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Amjad; Guo, Di; Mahar, Amanullah; Ma, Fang; Li, Ronghua; Shen, Feng; Wang, Ping; Zhang, Zengqiang

    2017-01-01

    Anthropogenic activities, such as industrial expansion, smelting, mining and agricultural practices, have intensified the discharge of potentially toxic trace elements (PTEs) into the environment, threatening human health and other organisms. To assist phytoremediation by sorghum in soil contaminated by smelters/mines in Feng County (FC), a pot experiment was performed to examine the phytoremediation potential of Streptomyces pactum (Act12) + biochar. The results showed that root uptake of Zn and Cd was reduced by 45 and 22%, respectively, while the uptake of Pb and Cu increased by 17 and 47%, respectively. The shoot and root dry weight and chlorophyll content improved after Act12 inoculation. β-glucosidase, alkaline phosphatase and urease activities in soil improved and antioxidant activities (POD, PAL, PPO) decreased after application of Act12 + biochar due to a reduction in stress from PTEs. BCF, TF and MEA confirmed the role of Act12 in the amelioration and translocation of PTEs. PCA analysis showed a correlation between different factors that affect the translocation of PTEs. Overall, Act12 promoted the phytoremediation of PTEs. Field experiments on Act12 + biochar may provide new insights into the rehabilitation and restoration of soils contaminated by mines. PMID:28387235

  7. NICOLAS MALEBRANCHE: FROM THE THEORY OF “GENERAL WILL” TO THE CONCEPT OF “INCLINATION”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CRISTIAN MOISUC

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The period between 1670 and 1740 is considered a time of “crisis of Christian rationalism” (A. McKenna or a time of “skepticism” (V.Cousin, since the Christian apologetics, trapped between Protestantism and the Rationalism, are gradually reduced to a row of inefficient and traditional “proofs” for the existence and kindness of God. In 1680, Nicolas Malebranche publishes the Treatise on Nature and Grace, following to explain the way in which God granted His grace to all mankind. In order to fight the skeptical thesis according to which God takes not directly part in this world, Malebranche refers the action of God to the concept of “general/divine will”. If such a theory is useful at a certain metaphysical level in explaining the presence of the evil in the world (God does not create but allows the evil, it raises some anthropological issues, especially concerning the nature of the human free will. If anything in the world emerges as a direct consequence of God’s “general will”, how can be conceived a real free human will? The theory of God’s general will generates an unexpected anthropological consequence (the dissolution of the human free will that Malebranche tries to hide it by inventing the concept of “inclination of the will”: God does not interfere (by causation with the human will, but He influences it (by inclination. Is it philosophically defensible? The aim of the article is to analyze some philosophical and methodological difficulties related to the new Malebranchist concept of “inclination of human will” in order to prove that the passage from the occasionalist theory of general will to an inquiry about the human will is quite problematic.

  8. The Seaplane Base Ivo Monti at S. Nicola Varano (fg): a Monument of Military Archeology, Between History and Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariano, F.; Saracco, M.; Petetta, L.

    2017-05-01

    Built in the years between 1915 and 1918, and located on the west bank of the "Varano" Lake, a bay running along the village of "Cagnano Varano", the "Ivo Monti" seaplane base was erected on a pre-existing medieval settlement which belonged to the Benedictine Monks from the town of "San Nicola Imbuti". During WWI, this seaplane base was turned, from a simple water airport, into a strategic military base for floatplanes. As a matter of fact, the large lagoon could be used as landing spot for the planes sent off to patrol the dalmatic coast, one of the historical regions of Croatia, then controlled by the Austrians. After WWI, after the seaplane became an outdated technology, the "Ivo Monti" base was progressively dismantled and then totally abandoned at the beginning of the 1950s. In 2014, considering the historical relevance of this site and the unmistakable architectural value of its elements, a research framework agreement was signed between the "DICEA" Department of Marche Polytechnic University and the city council of the town hosting the site, aimed at the development of shared scientific research projects revolving around the study, the valorisation, and the restoration of the military complex in question, which had been in a complete state of decay and neglect for too long. The still ongoing research project mentioned presents two main missions: the first is the historical reconstruction, the geometric mapping, and the robustness analysis of the ruins, by studying and faithfully representing the state of deterioration of the building materials and of the facilities; the second is the identification and the testing of potential architectural solutions for the conversion and the reuse of the site and of its facilities.

  9. Nicolas Andry de Bois-Regard (Lyon 1658-Paris 1742): the inventor of the word "orthopaedics" and the father of parasitology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Remi

    2010-08-01

    This is an historical essay about Nicolas Andry, a French medical doctor (Lyon 1658-Paris 1742) who wrote in 1741 the famous book called "L'orthopedie", which was soon after translated into English (1742) "Orthopaedia or the art of correcting and preventing deformities in children". His life and works are detailed as the containment of the book composed of two volumes and many engravings (the crooked tree has become the symbol of numerous orthopaedic societies around the world). A discussion of semantics (ORTHO-PEDIE) and evolution of the meaning of this word is also discussed.

  10. Dormancy Properties of Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’%凤丹种子休眠特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭丽萍; 张延龙; 牛立新; 罗建让

    2016-01-01

    This research focused on the dormancy traits of the seeds of a tree peony cultivar,Paeonia ostii ‘Feng Dan’,by studying the water permeability of the seed coat,form and vitality of the seed embryo as well as activity of the endogenous inhibitors.The results indicated that the seed coat hindered the speed of water absorption,but it did not affect the final water absorbance ratio of the seeds.The seeds were saturated after they were immersed in water for 48 hours,from which the germination rate would not be enhanced by de-coating or acid degradation treatments.The vitality of the mature seeds could reach to as high as 95.6%.However,the embryos were not fully developed,stratification treatment should be carried out to accelerate embryo differentiation and to finish post-mature process.The endogenous inhibitors contained both in seed coat and embryo had significant inhibiting effects on seeds of Brassica pekeinensis and peony it self.The contents and the types of endogenous inhibitors in seed coat were different from those in seed embryo.Extraneous hormone GA3 with a concentration of 300 mg · L-1 could enhance the seed germination rate.In conclusion,the seed dormancy of P.ostii ‘Feng Dan’ was a comprehensive result caused by the im maturity of seeds and the inhibitors.%以凤丹种子(Paeonia ostii)为试验材料,通过对凤丹种子种皮透水性、种胚形态和生活力、种子内源抑制物质活性的测定,研究凤丹种子休眠特性.结果表明:凤丹种皮降低种子吸水速度,但不影响最终吸水率,完整种子浸种56 h种子吸水基本达到饱和,对凤丹种皮进行酸蚀或去皮处理不会提高萌发率,凤丹种皮不是休眠的主要原因;成熟的凤丹种子生活力达95.6%,但种胚发育不完全,其需经过一定时间的层积,种胚才能不断生长分化,完成后熟;种皮和胚乳中含有的萌发抑制物质对白菜种子和自身种子萌发有显著抑制作用,且种皮和胚乳中的

  11. The Natural History in Zhou Zuoren' s Prose%周作人散文中的博物学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈沐

    2012-01-01

    Zhou Zuoren was a modern Chinese essayist, a literature theorist, a translator, a thinker and a pioneer of folklore. Taking some of his prose as an example, this essay attempts to explore the value of natural history and science communication. In the field of modem Chinese popular science, why was Zhou Zuoren left out in the cold? What is the difference between his prose and the contemporary works of popular science? Why were his writings labeled as leisurely essays by most people? At the early stage of development of modern natural history, there was sincere willingness and ability of the deep-level exchanges between humanities and sciences. The boundaries among the traditional culture, folk custom and modern scientific knowledge were not clearly defined yet, so they can complement and improve each other. Reading Zhou' s prose which contains folk custom, sinology and western natural history from today' s perspective, we can find it have a deep thought and care about the nation, society and the lives of ordinary people, hence provide a contemporary revelation.%周作人是中国现代散文家、文学理论家、翻译家、思想家、民俗学开拓人。本文将以他的部分小品文为例,探讨其博物学与科普价值。在中国现代科普领域,周作人缘何遇冷,其作品与同时代科普作品相比有何区别,为什么在大多数人看来,周氏作品仅仅只是"闲适小品文"?本文试图论述,在我国现代博物学发展之初,人文与科学之间具有真诚的、深层次交流的意愿与能力;传统文化、民间习俗与现代科学之间具有相互弥补和促进的可能。把周作人那些夹杂着民俗、国学、西方博物学兴味的小品文,置于今天的环境中重新品读,会发现它们对民族、社会以及普通人的生活,都有着深切的思考和关照,能够给予当代人启示。

  12. Screening active components from Yu-ping-feng-san for regulating initiative key factors in allergic sensitization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Dandan; Xie, Xuejian; Zhu, Zhijie; Yu, Xi; Liu, Hailiang; Wang, Huizhu; Fan, Hongwei; Wang, Dawei; Jiang, Guorong; Hong, Min

    2014-01-01

    Yu-ping-feng-san (YPFS) is a Chinese medical formula that is used clinically for allergic diseases and characterized by reducing allergy relapse. Our previous studies demonstrated that YPFS efficiently inhibited T helper 2 cytokines in allergic inflammation. The underlying mechanisms of action of YPFS and its effective components remain unclear. In this study, it was shown that YPFS significantly inhibited production of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), an epithelial cell-derived initiative factor in allergic inflammation, in vitro and in vivo. A method of human bronchial epithelial cell (16HBE) binding combined with HPLC-MS (named 16HBE-HPLC-MS) was established to explore potential active components of YPFS. The following five components bound to 16HBE cells: calycosin-7-glucoside, ononin, claycosin, sec-o-glucosylhamaudol and formononetin. Serum from YPFS-treated mice was analyzed and three major components were detected claycosin, formononetin and cimifugin. Among these, claycosin and formononetin were detected by 16HBE-HPLC-MS and in the serum of YPFS-treated mice. Claycosin and formononetin decreased the level of TSLP markedly at the initial stage of allergic inflammation in vivo. Nuclear factor (NF)-κB, a key transcription factor in TSLP production, was also inhibited by claycosin and formononetin, either in terms of transcriptional activation or its nuclear translocation in vitro. Allergic inflammation was reduced by claycosin and formononetin when they are administered only at the initial stage in a murine model of atopic contact dermatitis. Thus, epithelial cell binding combined with HPLC-MS is a valid method for screening active components from complex mixtures of Chinese medicine. It was demonstrated that the compounds screened from YPFS significantly attenuated allergic inflammation probably by reducing TSLP production via regulating NF-κB activation.

  13. 游牧者的风骨——周涛诗歌中的意象解析%On Zhou Tao' s Writing Style of Vigor --Interpretation of the Images in Zhou Tao' s Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周呈武

    2012-01-01

    Because of long living in Xinjiang, Zhou Tao is very familiar with the grand natural scenery, long cultural history and colorful ethnical life of the west. In his poems, with the help of such image symbols with the features of freedom, vigor, magnificence, and persistence or with primitive vitality in the western nature as horse, eagle, mountain, and camel, he makes the western nomandic culture vivid, as a result of which he constructs a cubic, male, and tangible Xinjiang and forcefully reveals the spiritual and internal termperament of this region.%周涛长期生活在新疆,对西部雄伟壮丽的自然风光、源远流长的历史文化及丰富多彩的民族生活十分熟悉,在他的诗歌中,常常借助马、鹰、山、骆驼等西部自然中具有原始生命力或自由、刚劲、雄伟与坚韧的意象符号,将西部游牧文化精神形象化,构筑起一个立体的、雄性的、质感的新疆,有力地揭示了这一区域的精神风貌和内在气韵。

  14. Tombs of the Zhou period in Madong Village,Hezhou City,Guangxi%广西贺州市马东村周代墓葬

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺州市博物馆

    2001-01-01

    There is an ancient cemetery at Madong village, Shatian town, Hezhou city lying to the south of the Five Ridges on the boundary between Chu and Yue. In 1996, two of the tombs were excavated by the Hezhou Municipal Museum. Both are earth shafts, Tomb M1 being small-sized while M2 having a L-shaped plan. They were found to be damaged seriously: only the tomb bottom remains in both cases. The funeral objects are all bronzes, which belong to the lei pot, ding tripod, yongzhong handled bell, spear, short sword, yue battle axe. adze, arrowhead, etc. Showing no distinct local features, they suggest that local bronzes were cast in imitation of those of the Shang and Zhou cultures in the Central Plains and represented the early bronze culture in the area south of the Five Ridges. The two tombs go back roughly to the turn from the late Western Zhou to the early Spring and Autumn period.

  15. Xia - Shang - Zhou Chronology Project and the Study of Archaeological Cultures in the Xia and Shang Periods%夏商周断代工程与夏商考古学文化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨育彬

    2002-01-01

    Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project is a systematic project with the cooperation of different specialists from the fields of history, archaeology, astronomy and carbon datingtechnology etc.. With five years hard work, this project has released a reliable scientific time table for the Three Dynasties and thus the ancient Chinese history can be traced back to 2070 BC with hard evidence. Besides, the Project has greatly improved the studies of the Xia-Shang-Zhou archaeological cultures.

  16. ZHANG Min-zhou (张敏州)——A Renowned Cardiologist of Integrative Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tao Bo

    2011-01-01

    Professor ZHANGMin-zhou(张敏州),chief physician,doctoral adviser,the successor to the nationally well-known old professor of Chinese Medicine DEND Tie-tao's academic thinking,vicepresident of the Special Committee of Cardiovascular Disease affiliated with the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies,vice chairman of the Cardiovascular Disease Committee attached to the Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine,vice chairman of the Emergency Branch of the China Association of Chinese Medicine,a member of the Standing Committee of the Integrative Medicine Doctors Association,Cardiovascular Diseases Association and the Professional Committee of Evidence-Based Medicine attached to the Chinese Medical Doctors Association,respectively;executive director of the Guangdong Province Association of Integrative Medicine,chairman of Critical Care Medicine,director of the Guangdong Province Medical Doctor Association,chairman of the Integrative Medicine Branch,one of the evaluation experts of the National Natural Science Foundation of China,a member of the editorial board of the Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine,the Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care,the Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Journal of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Diseases,vice editor-in-Chief of the Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine on Cardio-/Cerebrovascular Disease.

  17. 20世纪中国文学中的 "风水" 叙事%The Feng Shui Narration in the 20 th Century Chinese Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈旋波

    2015-01-01

    近代以来, 作为中国传统文化一脉的风水观因其缺乏 "真确的知识" 而受到摒弃和批判, 五四以来风水一直受到科学理性、 唯物主义主导的文学思潮的攻伐. 随后, 20世纪中国社会及文化思潮发生了巨大的变迁,风水在文学中的境遇也因时而易, 这不但反映了时代思潮的嬗变, 还纠结着20世纪纷繁复杂的政治、 哲学及美学取向. 尤其是随着90年代中国文化语境的变迁, 风水文化逐渐浮现出其反思现代性的 "复魅" 特质.%In modern times, Feng Shui, which has been inherent to traditional Chinese culture, has been denounced and defamed as lack of scientific and truthful knowledge, and has long been criticized by the rational and materialistic school of literature since the May Fourth Movement. In the 20th century, as the Chinese society and ideology is undergoing dramatic changes, Feng Shui varies from time to time in literature, which reflects not only the transformation of ideology but also the complication of politics, philosophy and aesthetics. Particularly in the 1990s, as the cultural environment in China has greatly changed, the culture of Feng Shui tends to be charged with the nature of "revitalizing the enchantment of the world", i. e. reflections upon modernism.

  18. 湖南望城县高砂脊商周遗址的发掘%Excavation at the Gaoshaji Site of the Shang and Zhou Period in Wangcheng County,Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    湖南省文物考古研究所; 长沙市博物馆; 长沙市考古研究所; 望城县文物管理所

    2001-01-01

    The Gaoshaji site is situated at Gaotangling town in Wangcheng county, Hunan province, lying on a long narrow sandbar on the western bank of the lower Xiangjiang River, at the river mouth where the Weishui flows into the Xiangjiang, and occupies an area of 180, 000 sq m. It was excavated twice in 1996 and 1999, which acquired very important archaeological data, including tombs,ash-pits, kiln-sites and numerous bronzes, pottery objects and stone artifacts. The tombs with bronzes are dated to the time from the later early to the earlier middle stage of Western Zhou; those with pottery and other remains can be divided into two phases: the first phase belongs principally to the early Western Zhou, maybe as early as the turn between the Shang and Zhou, while the second phase to the mid Western Zhou. Containing elements of two cultures,the unearthed objects show the character of a mixed culture with the external elements as the main body. The coexistence of Shang and Zhou bronzes with a pottery culture provides an important clue for solving the puzzle of Hunan bronzes in Shang and Zhou times.

  19. 生态建筑学与中国风水学的文化比较%Cultural Comparison of Arcologies and Feng-shui of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    职建民

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduce the conception of Arcologies and Feng-shui of China.Through cultural comparing with Chinese culture and westen culture,we wish to search a more suitable and effectively design method and norm.%本文对生态建筑学与中国风水学从概念上作一介绍,力图通过在东、西方文化上的比较,得到一个更适用、有效的设计方法和准则。

  20. Le jeu des coïncidences : une vraisemblance à construire. Les exemples de Nikolski de Nicolas Dickner et de La kermesse de Daniel Poliquin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Otis

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available À partir des exemples de Nikolski (Nicolas Dickner, 2005 et de La kermesse (Daniel Poliquin, 2006, l’article présente la construction d’une vraisemblance parallèle générée par l’utilisation d’une multitude de coïncidences. Cette vraisemblance particulière réussit à s’imposer malgré un certain degré d’invraisemblance et pourrait s’apparenter à la vraisemblance générique (propre à un genre particulier comme le roman policier ou de science-fiction par exemple, mais s’appliquant à un univers romanesque particulier. Using the examples of Nikoski (Nicolas Dickner, 2005 and La kermesse (Daniel Poliquin, 2006, this article examines the construction of a parallel verisimilitude generated by the use of a multiplicity of coincidences. This particular verisimilitude manages to impose itself in spite of the presence of a number of unlikely events and may be considered as a type of generic verisimilitude (typical of a particular genre such as the detective novel or science fiction taking effect in a particular fictional world.

  1. The Exploration on the Feng Shuey Philosophy of Parametric Architectural Design%探究参数化建筑设计中所蕴藏的风水哲理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张硕; 王丽

    2014-01-01

    Author studies on feng shuey philosophy of para-metric architectural design, taking galaxy SOHO and CCTV new building as examples to il ustrate that the feng shuey cu-lture which has been passed down for thousand years must have it’s value of spread and that parametric architectural also wil be dif icult to get the inheritance of history out of the feng shuey philosophy.%笔者就参数化建筑中所蕴藏的风水哲理进行探讨,以银河SOHO和央视新大楼为例意在阐明在中国流传了千年之久的风水文化必有其传播价值,并且脱离了风水的参数化建筑也将很难得到历史的传承。

  2. On Distinction between Huo Style in Word and Expression and Zhou Calligraphic One%《说文》或体与籀文字形辨考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史萍

    2014-01-01

    Based on inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells,this paper has made a contrast among Huo interpretation style in Word and Expression,Zhou and Xiaozhuan calligraphic styles according to the sequence of the book and made a dis-tinction between them.The author has found the different features between Huo and Zhou Styles:i.in form,both Huo and Xiaozhuan styles are slim and symmetric and are more tidy,some of them are the direct or indirect rewriting or omission of Zhou Style,and hence become much simpler and easier,whereas Zhou style seems a little round and stout;ii.in formation, both Xiaozhuan and Huo styles have changed some Zhou words which are ideographic and pictographic into phonograms. Through the contrast between the two,we can see the clear evolutionary trace of Chinese characters.%按照《说文》之序,结合甲骨文、金文等古文字形,对《说文》重文中的籀文、或体以及字头小篆作了字形比较,明晰了各字形的构形方式。可知,籀文和或体在形体和构形方式的不同特点:(1)在形体上,小篆或体的字形线条较匀称,籀文则略显肥圆;小篆或体比籀文更加简明、齐整,有的是对籀文直接或间接的省改,化繁为简,化难为易;(2)在构形方式上,小篆或体把一些以象形、会意构形的籀文字形通过增加部件或更换部件转换为形声字。通过比较籀文和小篆或体,可清晰地了解汉字的字形演变轨迹。

  3. The discussion on the construction of site of eastern zhou capital%试论东周王城的营建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐昭峰; 姜超

    2016-01-01

    东周王城是东周王朝的国都。对于其地望及始建年代,虽曾经颇多争议,但20世纪50年代在涧河两岸发现的东周城址,从考古发现情况整合文献资料,两者可以相互印证,故学界一般认为其即文献记载的王城。从考古发现来看,东周王城在春秋和战国这两个阶段进行了较大规模的营建,春秋时期建有宫城及其内的宫殿,还有规划有序的春秋王陵区及其他文化遗存。战国时期始建郭城,宫城则一分为二,西为宫城,东为仓城。在郭城南瞿家屯一带发现有战国晚期的成组夯土建筑群基址;在郭城北部发现有大量的手工业作坊遗址和包括西周君陵区在内的大量墓葬。东周王城的营建过程都有其特定的历史背景。%Site of Eastern Zhou Capital is the capital of the Eastern Zhou .For its geographical location and the beginning of the era ,there have been a lot of controversy .In 1950s ,archaeological finds in the cross‐strait Jianhe Zhou City combined with the literature ,the two can confirm each other ,so the academic circles generally believed that it is the site of Eastern Zhou Capital .From the archaeological perspective , the site of Eastern Zhou Capital conducted large‐scale construction in the two stage of the spring and au‐tumn period and Warring states .Built imperial palace and inner palace ,orderly planning and other cultural relics in the tomb area in the Spring and Autumn period .Outer city wall was built during the Warring States period .Imperial palace was divided into imperial palace located on the west side and Cang Cheng lo‐cated on the east side .Rammed earth architectural foundations group found in Qu Jia Tun area located on the south of outer city wall belongs to the late Warring States period .A large number of handicraft work‐shops and number of tombs in the Western Zhou Dynasty mausoleum were found in the northern outer city wall .The construction

  4. Olematu linn / Nicola Desiderio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Desiderio, Nicola

    2006-01-01

    10. Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalist (kuraator Richard Burdett). Näitusest "Linn, arhitektuur ja ühiskond". Itaalia paviljoni väljapanekust "Uus linn. Itaalia 2026. Kutse Vemasse" (kuraator Franco Purini), lühidalt Belgia väljapanekust ja Saksa paviljoni ekspositsioonist "Muundatav linn"

  5. Olematu linn / Nicola Desiderio

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Desiderio, Nicola

    2006-01-01

    10. Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalist (kuraator Richard Burdett). Näitusest "Linn, arhitektuur ja ühiskond". Itaalia paviljoni väljapanekust "Uus linn. Itaalia 2026. Kutse Vemasse" (kuraator Franco Purini), lühidalt Belgia väljapanekust ja Saksa paviljoni ekspositsioonist "Muundatav linn"

  6. 也说《飞鸟集》冯唐译本%Comment on Feng Tang’s Translation of Stray Birds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡俊麟

    2016-01-01

    《飞鸟集》冯唐译本,多数读者持有激烈的抵制意见,也有读者持较包容的态度。浙江文艺出版社宣布下架并召回该书,将争论引向高潮。冯唐译本引发争议,至少包含三个方面的问题:在翻译历史背景下有失规范,粗暴挣脱中国现代文学史的影响力,未能展现《飞鸟集》深刻的精神内核等。%Although some readers hold a more tolerant attitude, Stray Birds, Feng Tang’s translated version, has drawn fierce resistance from the majority of readers. The announcement, which Zhejiang Literature and Art Publishing House made to take the book off the shelves and recall the books sold, led the controversy to a climax. Feng Tang’s translation doesn’t consist with the norms which are formed in translation history and it rudely breaks away from the influence of Chinese modern literature. Meanwhile it failed to present the deep spiritual core of Stray Birds. In part, these are the reasons triggering the controversy.

  7. 冯友兰代理清华校务的贡献%On the Contributions of Feng Youlan as Acting President of Qinghua University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王仁宇

    2012-01-01

    In the development history of Qinghua University,Feng Youlan was elected as Acting President of Qinghua University during the period between the vocation of presidency of Qinghua by Luo Jialun and the assumption of that post by Mei Yiqi.Feng Youlan had made huge contributions to the stability and development of Qinghua University under extreme historical circumstances by leading the university council in maintaining the sound operation of university affairs,resisting the interference of warlords,standing against disruptive attempts at obstructing the tradition of "rule of professors" by Wu Nanxuan,and actively participating in and organizing activities for the War of Resistance Against Japan.%在清华大学的发展史上,从罗家伦辞职到梅贻琦到任一年多的时间里,冯友兰被推举代理校务。他领导校务委员会,在维持学校正常运作的同时,抵制军阀势力对清华的干预,反对吴南轩对教授治校传统的破坏,积极参加并组织抗日活动,为清华大学在特殊时期的稳定和发展作出了重大贡献。

  8. Carrying forward the Spirit of Lei Feng and the Innovation of Social Management%弘扬雷锋精神与社会管理创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓智平

    2012-01-01

    在现阶段社会管理创新中。很少跳出“社会”论社会管理,忽视了社会管理与政治、经济、文化等其他领域的密切关系。雷锋精神作为时代精神的重要内容,对社会管理创新具有重要价值。在政府职能转变、调动社会资源增进民生福祉、激发公众参与、社会工作和志愿服务等方面雷锋精神有着广泛的应用。%At the present stage, the innovation of social management still stays in the social management of "social theory", ignores the close relationship between the social management and the political, economic, cultural and other fields. Lei Feng spirit, as the important content of the times spirit, has the important value to the innovate the social management. The spirit of Lei Feng has a wide range of applications to transit the government functions, mobilize community resources, improve people's livelihood, stimulate public participation, social work and volunteer services and other aspects.

  9. 论周氏兄弟的早期翻译%A Study on Early Translations of Zhou Brothers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高传峰

    2014-01-01

    1909年《域外小说集》的出版是周氏兄弟在晚清最重要的文学活动。在《域外小说集》中,周氏兄弟审慎地选择了代表唯美主义、自然主义、批判现实主义、现代主义等世纪之交文艺思潮的小说作品,来践行以文艺转移性情、改造社会的目标。《域外小说集》能够在1909年出版,与周氏兄弟之前较长一段时间里在翻译领域的摸索和准备是分不开的。周氏兄弟的早期翻译可以分为两个阶段:1903—1906年是裹挟在晚清译介潮流中的摸索阶段。在晚清译界登场以后,周氏兄弟大致选择了科学小说和侦探小说进行翻译。1906—1908年是周氏兄弟《域外小说集》的酝酿阶段。在合作翻译《红星佚史》的过程中,他们提出了“文以移情”的翻译理念。受到无政府主义思想的影响,此时他们开始关注俄国文学。周氏兄弟最早关注并认真译介的弱小民族文学是匈牙利文学。%In the late Qing Dynasty, the publication of The Collections of Foreign Fictions in 1909 was the most important literar-y activity for Zhou brothers.They chose the stories in the book carefully which represented the trend of literary at the turn of the century, such as aestheticism, naturalism, critical realism, modernism, and etc.They hoped to achieve their ambition by trans-ferring people's dispositions and transforming the society.The publication of the book has been closely related to Zhou brothers'exploration and preparation in the field of translation from 1903 to 1908, which can be roughly divided into two periods.Before the year of 1906, their translation followed the trend of the time in an explorative manner.They chose scientific fiction and de-tective fiction as their translation topics.Then from the year 1906 to 1908, they started to prepare for the publication of The Col-lections of Foreign Fictions.They collaborated to translate The World's Desire and put forward the

  10. Nicola Michelassi y Salomé Vuelta García, Il teatro spagnolo a Firenze nel Seicento. Vol. I: Giacinto Andrea Cicognini, Giovan Battista Ricciardi, Pietro Susini, Mattias Maria Bartolommei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Símini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Reseña de Nicola Michelassi y Salomé Vuelta García, Il teatro spagnolo a Firenze nel Seicento. Vol. I: Giacinto Andrea Cicognini, Giovan Battista Ricciardi, Pietro Susini, Mattias Maria Bartolommei, Alinea (Secoli d’Oro, 67; Commedia Aurea Spagnola e Pubblico Italiano, VIII, Florencia, 2013, 257 pp. ISBN: 9788860557865.

  11. L’acqua come fonte di reddito e di discordia. Le pertinenze dei monasteri di S. Maria del Sagittario e San Nicola in Valle: opifici idraulici nella media Valle del Sinni durante il medioevo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentino Vitale

    2015-12-01

    Holders of this economic power, during the buckets. XII-XVI AD, were the Cistercian monastery of Santa Maria of Sagittarius and the Certosa di San Nicola Valley, foundations willed by the families the Clermont and the Sanseverino in Count of Chiaromonte.

  12. 同一个尼采的不同阐释--周国平、刘小枫笔下各自的尼采%Different Interpretation of Nietzche between Works of Zhou Guo-ping and LIU Xiao-feng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀立

    2006-01-01

    在对尼采在学术思想史上的定位,对尼采著作的解读和对尼采思想遗产的评价等方面,周国平、刘小枫各自有不同的说法.二人对尼采在学术思想史上地位的界定大相径庭.刘小枫认为尼采超过了马克思、弗洛依德.周国平则具体地"把尼采当作一位人生哲学家看待".从研究方法也有根本的不同.周国平从多角度进行研究,刘小枫主要是索隐的方法.对尼采思想遗产的评价二人的立场也大不相同.周国平重实际,合理评价尼采.刘小枫则像尼采那样"说谎",并且赞赏尼采的贵族主义、等级秩序和对平等主义的反对.

  13. The French Military Modernization at the End of Nicolas Sarkozy´s Presidency.Can the Goals of the White Paper on Defense Be Attained?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petr Vilímek

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to assess the fulfilment of goals of the White Paper on Defense in the areas of financing of the French Armed Forces and modernization of their equipment under the presidency of Nicolas Sarkozy. Three indicators for this assessment are defined: the military budget of the French Armed Forces, the acquisition of modern weapon systems and assorted equipment, and extraordinary revenues and expenses of the French defense budget. The article comes to the conclusion that almost from the beginning there were serious difficulties in attaining the projected goals of the White Paper on Defense. In addition, it is concluded that we can expect a reduction of original goals in the course of the ongoing revision of the White Paper on Defense.

  14. The Matrix Regained: Reflections on the Use of the Grid in the Architectural Theories of Nicolaus Goldmann and Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeroen Goudeau

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In addition to the superficial visual similarities between the architectural theories of the Silesian-born, seventeenth-century Dutch mathematician Nicolaus Goldmann and the early nineteenth-century French architect Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand, there is a more profound interconnection: their use of the grid. This article evaluates the relation between the two theories and argues how Durand could have been influenced by Goldmann’s writings. It turns out to be more than likely that the two were linked by Durand´s German pupils who brought the tradition of German eighteenth-century architectural theory with them. This corpus was nourished by Leonhard Christoph Sturm´s ‘Goldmannic’ architecture.

  15. Adolphe Nicolas, Énergies : une pénurie au secours du climat ?, Paris, Belin, 2011, 160 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathilde Szuba

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Géologue et professeur émérite à l’université de Montpellier, Adolphe Nicolas signe ici un court ouvrage, très facile d’accès, sur la pénurie des ressources énergétiques fossiles. On peut saluer ce travail de vulgarisation qui, en dépit de sa modestie, contribue activement à rendre possible un débordement des frontières disciplinaires, en traduisant les données de la controverse sur le pic pétrolier dans un langage très accessible, avec juste ce qu’il faut de graphiques et de chiffres. C’est ...

  16. Théophile Gautier, Edgar Allan Poe, Nicolae Davidescu, Richard Lesclide et André Gill, Contes de la mille et deuxième nuit

    OpenAIRE

    Perrin, Jean-François

    2013-01-01

    Cette anthologie reprend une publication réalisée en Grèce en 2006 (Athènes, Éditions Agra), sous un titre légèrement différent : La Mille et deuxième nuit : Théophile Gautier, Edgar Allan Poe, Nicolae Davidescu. S’y ajoute cette fois la reproduction, en appendice, d’une traduction du conte de Poe au xixe siècle par Richard Lesclide (alias Le Grand Jacques), illustrée par André Gill. Le concept de l’ouvrage est de donner à lire ensemble trois nouvelles du xixe siècle ayant pour thème la « mil...

  17. Poirier Nicolas, Un espace rural à la loupe. Paysage, peuplement et territoires en Berry de la préhistoire à nos jours

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédérique Bertoncello

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage est la publication de la thèse de Doctorat soutenue par Nicolas Poirier à l’Université de Tours en décembre 2007. L’originalité de l’étude tient à l’échelle d’analyse adoptée pour retracer la dynamique d’un espace rural aux confins du Berry et du Nivernais, qui associe micro-échelle spatiale (une cinquantaine de km² correspondant aux territoires des communes de Sancergues, Charentonnay et Saint-Martin-des-Champs, à l’est du département du Cher et longue durée chronologique (du se...

  18. QTL Mapping of Adult-Plant Resistance to Leaf Rust in the Wheat Cross Zhou 8425B/Chinese Spring Using High-Density SNP Markers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peipei Zhang

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Wheat leaf rust is an important disease worldwide. Growing resistant cultivars is an effective means to control the disease. In the present study, 244 recombinant inbred lines from Zhou 8425B/Chinese Spring cross were phenotyped for leaf rust severities during the 2011–2012, 2012–2013, 2013–2014, and 2014–2015 cropping seasons at Baoding, Hebei province, and 2012–2013 and 2013–2014 cropping seasons in Zhoukou, Henan province. The population was genotyped using the high-density Illumina iSelect 90K SNP assay and SSR markers. Inclusive composite interval mapping identified eight QTL, designated as QLr.hebau-2AL, QLr.hebau-2BS, QLr.hebau-3A, QLr.hebau-3BS, QLr.hebau-4AL, QLr.hebau-4B, QLr.hebau-5BL, and QLr.hebau-7DS, respectively. QLr.hebau-2BS, QLr.hebau-3A, QLr.hebau-3BS, and QLr.hebau-5BL were derived from Zhou 8425B, whereas the other four were from Chinese Spring. Three stable QTL on chromosomes 2BS, 4B and 7DS explained 7.5–10.6%, 5.5–24.4%, and 11.2–20.9% of the phenotypic variance, respectively. QLr.hebau-2BS in Zhou 8425B might be the same as LrZH22 in Zhoumai 22; QLr.hebau-4B might be the residual resistance of Lr12, and QLr.hebau-7DS is Lr34. QLr.hebau-2AL, QLr.hebau-3BS, QLr.hebau-4AL, and QLr.hebau-5BL are likely to be novel QTL for leaf rust. These QTL and their closely linked SNP and SSR markers can be used for fine mapping, candidate gene discovery, and marker-assisted selection in wheat breeding.

  19. XANES investigation of Chinese faience excavated from Peng State Cemetery site in Western Zhou Period (BC1046–BC771)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hao, Wentao; Yang, Yimin [Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044 (China); Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhu, Jian, E-mail: jzhu@ucas.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044 (China); Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Gu, Zhou [Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044 (China); Department of Scientific History and Archaeometry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Xie, Yaoting [Institute of Archaeology of Shanxi Province, Taiyuan 030001 (China); Zhang, Jing [Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wang, Lihua [Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201204 (China)

    2014-10-15

    Highlights: • We analyzed faience of Peng State archaeological cemetery site in Western Zhou Dynasty (BC1046–BC771). • We investigated the chemical composition and oxidation state by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES), respectively. • The coloring element in both beads is copper in +2 valence, and the color divergence of these two beads may originate from different local chemical environments of Cu{sup 2+}. • Chinese faience in this period is the earliest glaze with copper colorant. - Abstract: As a special kind of glazed ceramic, faience has an important role to play in the technological trajectory that eventually leads to the development of ancient glass. In China, faience products first emerged in early Western Zhou Dynasty (1046BC–771BC), and their great significance as well as brilliant colors varying between blue and green attracted a lot of scholars. However, scientific researches on the color source of Chinese faience in view of microstructure characterization are quite few. In the present work, analyses by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) were carried out on two faience beads with relatively blue and green color, respectively, both of which were excavated from Peng State archaeological cemetery site in Western Zhou Dynasty. The results show that the coloring element in both beads is copper with +2 valence, and the color divergence of these two beads may originate from different local chemical environments of Cu{sup 2+}. It is suggested that the faience in this period is the earliest glaze with copper colorant in China.

  20. A Study on the Belief and Theoretical Form of Feng shui in the Han Dynasty from Tai ping Ching%《太平经》所见汉代风水观念及理论形态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张齐明

    2011-01-01

    The concept of "Qi tu" good or ill luck and "live ghost and spirit"(a theory of the Feng shui) proposed in Tai ping Ching,written in the late Eastern Han Dynasty,is the reflection of rapid expansion of Feng shui belief in the Han Dynasty.It also marks the theoretical form of Feng shui funeral.The text suggests that Taoism transforms and absorbs Feng shui in its religious system,not to meet the belief of people,but rather to guide and transform it into Taoism belief system.%成书于东汉中晚期的《太平经》所提出的"起土"吉凶观念及"魂神还养"的丧葬风水理论,是汉代社会风水信仰急剧膨胀的反映,它也标志着丧葬风水术理论形态基本形成。《太平经》中风水文献表明,道教对风水术的吸收与改造是在宗教体系之内进行的,并不是对民众信仰的无限制迎合,而是加以引导和转化,从而纳入其信仰体系之中。

  1. Discuss on the Idea of FENG Gui-fen's Society Integration%冯桂芬社会整合思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘庆艳; 王蕊; 花琦; 许南海

    2011-01-01

    Discuss on the idea of FENG gui-fen's society integration from the sociological angle.In the case of internal and external problems,how to solve social problems,make the society become an orderly and normal track,so as to achieve to be able to rule the people internally and against enemy externally,FENG gui-fen proposed the idea of society integration that "Chinese old ethics and norms are the most fundamental,at the same time we need to study the prosperous methods of the other countries which are prosperous at that time.In order to describe the idea of FENG gui-fen's society Integrtion,this article from three aspects that "strengthening of the patriarchal organization and the patriarchal hierarchy","imitation the sages' method of three generations' to consolidate the state";"learning western skills to make the country become rich and strong".So that the idea of the background,content and meaning show up clearly.%在内忧外患的情况下,怎样解决社会问题,使社会形成一个有序、正常发展的轨道,从而达到内能治民、外能敌国的目标,冯桂芬提出了"以中国之伦常名教为原本,辅以诸国富强之术"的社会整合思想。文章从加强宗法组织与宗法等级制、仿"三代圣人之法"以固国本、学西洋长技以强国富国三个方面对冯桂芬的社会整合思想进行阐述,展现了这一思想提出的背景、内容及意义。

  2. 试论丰子恺的工艺美术思想%On the Ideological Systems of Arts and Crafts of Feng Zikai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔晓彦

    2016-01-01

    丰子恺工艺美术思想的主要内容为工艺美术本质观、工艺美术伦理观和工艺美术审美观。其思想当是对丰子恺工艺美术创作的表现形式、艺术理论中与工艺美术问题相关的观点、见解甚至生平行事的提炼和归纳,而非出自丰子恺自己有意识地整理与归纳,因此也就决定了该思想系统性和深刻性的不足,影响了个人特色和时代精神的充分显现。瑕不掩瑜,丰子恺有关工艺美术的美育功能、对“人”的痕迹的重视和“中西融合”的价值观等对当代艺术设计依然具有重要的启迪作用。%The ideological system of arts and crafts of Feng Zikai contains three aspects, i.e. arts and crafts essence view, arts and crafts ethical view, and arts and crafts aesthetical view. It is from the summary of the form of expression in his arts and crafts works, relevant content of arts and crafts in his arts theory, his essay, correspondence, life chronicle, and not concluded by Feng Zikai himself consciously. Therefore, the ideological system of arts and crafts of Feng Zikai is insufifcient in systemic and depth. The defects cannot obscure the virtues it is well revelatory for the development of modern art design in these respects, i.e. aesthetic education function of arts and crafts, high attention of traces of people in creation of art, and the fusion of west and east arts and crafts.

  3. Cotton Science Research of Feng Zefang and His Main Contribution%冯泽芳的棉作科学研究及其主要贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾玉珊

    2012-01-01

    冯泽芳是中国现代棉作科学的主要奠基人。他首次列出完整的中棉分类系统表,奠定了中国亚洲棉分类的基础。冯泽芳是我国用孟德尔定律对亚洲棉性状进行遗传研究的先导,较早从事棉花种间杂交及后代的遗传学和细胞学研究,研究结论处于同类研究的先进水平。冯泽芳对木棉进行科学鉴定,肯定其经济价值并大力推广。冯泽芳主持的棉花区试在主要农作物的区域试验中首开先河,为20世纪30年代中叶以后推广斯字棉与德字棉提供了科学依据。冯泽芳关于棉区划分及棉纺工业布局的科学思想成为我国发展商品棉基地,重新进行棉纺业布局调整的重要根据。%Feng Zefang was main founder of modem cotton science in China.Feng was the first in the history of China to list the complete classification form of Chinese cotton, which established the foundation of the classification of Chinese Asiatic cotton. He also pioneered genetic research on Asiatic cotton by Mendel's Law in China, and was among the first to work on the cytology and genetics research of their offspring. Feng' s conclusion reached an advanced level in similar research field that captured the botany world's attention from all over the world. He made a scientific verification for tree-cotton, affirmed it economic value and made a lot of efforts to release it. His cotton-planting region experiment imitated the region experiment of staple crops,which provided the scientific evidence for the release of Delfos and Stonevile. His scientific thoughts about the divi- sion of cotton-planting regions and the layout of cotton spinning industry lay an important foundation for the development commodity cotton bases and the readjustment of the layout of cotton spinning industry in China.

  4. 湖南通道县侗族村寨风水林树种资源调查%Investigation of Tree Species Resources in Feng-shui Forests of Dong Villages in Tongdao County,Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴和意; 李屈强; 朱大兴; 肖际亮; 陆安信; 杨昌知; 杨昌岩

    2014-01-01

    指出了侗族先民们把聚居村寨周围的古树林木封为“风水林”,风水林内任何人都不许砍伐林木,不许开垦,不许放牧,这种保护风水林中古树林木的习俗一直流传至今。对保存较完整的几片风水林中的树种资源进行了调查,发现风水林中的树种资源较丰富,有些属国家重点保护的珍稀濒危树种,对于保护和研究珍稀树种具有较大价值。%The ancestors of Dong people regarded the ancent trees around their villages as Feng -shui forests ,and nobody is allowed to cut down trees ,reclaim and graze in the Feng-shui forests .Such custom of protecting ancient trees in the Feng -shui forests has been maintained in the Dong communities till now .The article investigates tree species in some Feng -shui forests which have been well-protected and finds that there are abundant tree species in the Feng -shui forests ,in which some are rare and endangered species in the national protected species list .The rare tree species are valuable for conservation and further studies .

  5. Difference Existed Is Difficult to Obtain Agreement: Hu Feng's View on May 4th Different from the Mainstream and Its Influence on Hu Feng's Doom%“存异”难以“求同”——胡风“五四”观异于主流的歧见及其对胡风命运的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢刚

    2012-01-01

    如何看待“五四”,是审视胡风思想内质及其与左翼主流分歧的一个关键角度。两者在“五四”总主题的认识上并无差异,而在“五四”领导者的认定及历史意义的阐发上却有不同。胡风认为:经过真切实践的鲁迅在“五四”时期已经成为共产主义知识分子.理当居于“五四”领导者之列,这与权威的“鲁迅转变论”产生龃龉;“五四”的历史意义主要在于文学/文化层面,而非政治范畴。“五四”的反封建传统较之其反帝传统更为根本和重要。这些独异之见动摇了主流意识形态合法性论证的逻辑,是导致胡风悲剧命运的重要祸根。%How to look on May 4th is key point that surveys Hu Feng's thought and its divergence with Left Wing's main thought. Both had no difference on cognition of main thesis of May 4th but difference on leader and historical significance of May 4th, Hu Feng argued that Lu Xun had become communist through personal experience in May 4th period and should become a leader of May 4th. The view had discord with authoritative conclusion about Lu Xun change. Hu Feng thought that historical significance of May 4th focused on literature or culture not on political category and anti-feudalism was more fundamental and important than anti-imperialism tradition. These unique views shook demonstrative logic of legitimacy of the mainstream ideology, which led to Hu Feng's tragic doom.

  6. A Brief Discussion on Feng Youlan's Realm and Awareness Theory%境界与觉解--冯友兰境界与觉悟理论述略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洪卫

    2014-01-01

    It is generally acknowledged that Feng Youlan changes the Neo-Confucianism concept into logic concept, which ap-pears to be extrinsic, though in a much better form.However, the ultimate goal of Feng Youlan's efforts is to have a good mas-tery of the universe, from which the realm of man is supposed to be greatly promoted.It is of vital importance to identify the“universal law” before the mastery of the universe.Moreover, they are complementary to each other to form an integral part, aiming to refrain from the attachment of perceptual existence through an abstract understanding of“universalia”, so as to make a self confirmation in the society and the universe.On the course of this confirmation, there embodies the participation of moral intuition in metaphysics.Feng Youlan believes that the consciousness of man attributes to the spiritual perception development. However, the proposition of spiritual perception is by its nature featured in a strong mind understanding.In his pursuit and con-firmation of “the universing self”, Feng Youlan has revised the previous ideas in a conscious or unconscious manner, which tru-ly accepts the moral self-development.Fundamentally, his proposition is neither Cheng-Zhu-styled nor Lu-Wang-styled, but a combination of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism with the help of western classics.According to him, in the contradiction between conceptualization and disconceptualization, not only the limitation, but also the advantage of being a route for personal moral cultivation of idea understanding can be perceived.%一般认为,冯友兰将理学概念转变为逻辑概念,超越但不内在了。但是冯友兰的目标在于对“宇宙”“大全”的把握,在此基础上使人的境界有一个根本的提升。但是对宇宙、大全把握之前必须对其有一个“性理”的确认,这两者互为表里。其目的在于通过“共相”抽象、超象的认识,超越个体对感性存在的执著,使人

  7. 论封衡养生思想对后世的影响%The Impact ofFENG Heng Health Thought on Future Generations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾双保; 许俊明

    2011-01-01

    Through collecting “NingYuan XianZhi”“WuShan ShiHua”“LongXi XianZhi”these literature, from the diet,diet,exercise,patterns of life, environmental factors to explore the health culture offamous doctors FENG Hengof Donghan Dynasty,then to analyze the impact of cultural development by the health culture concept for future generations health.%通过搜集整理等文献资料,从药膳、饮食、运动、生活规律、环境因素等方面探讨东汉名医封衡的养生文化,分析其养生文化理念对后世养生文化发展的影响.

  8. Back to the Sources: A Rational Interpretation of "Feng Shui"%正本清源:理性地解读“风水”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王振复

    2011-01-01

    The key of ancient Chinese art of feng shui (风水) is not "to acquire water" or "to store wind", but "to assemble qi". The idea of qi(气) is the root of the theory as well as the source of feng shui studies and its art. The Book of Change puts up an ideal mo%古代中华风水术的关键并非“得水”、“藏风”,而是“聚气”,即通过“得水为上,藏风次之”的方式,使气“聚之使不散,行之使有止”。气的理念,是风水学、风水术的立论之本与人文之原。《周易》八卦方位尤其后天八卦方位,奠定了风水的理想模式。作为古代中华的一种巫性文化,风水具有“畏天”兼“知命”的二重性,既背反又合一。在中华古代风水学(木)中,人是一个有趣而尴尬的角色,糊涂与清醒同在,迷信同理智并存,委琐和尊严兼有,崇拜携审美偕行。迷信风水命理,只能导致人类居住的困难。理性,尤其科学理性,作为人性中的高贵部分,应当予

  9. A Summary on the Western Zhou Dynasty Bronze Inscription Verbs%西周金文动词研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寇占民

    2014-01-01

    西周金文是最早的成系统的汉民族书面语之一,保持着当时语言的原貌,是该时期语言的真实记录,因此它是研究上古汉语词汇和语法的重要语料。通过对西周金文动词的判定标准、词义系统、语法功能和复音词进行全面的梳理,为西周金文的释读和应用以及上古汉语动词的研究奠定基础。%The Western Zhou Dynasty bronze inscription is one of the earliest systematic written languages of Han nationality and records the true language phenomena at that time. It is very important to studying the ancient vocabulary and grammar since it keeps in the original states. Bythe thoroughly researches on the criterion, the meaning system and the grammatical function of verbs and the disyllabic verbs in Western Zhou Dynasty bronze inscription, one can learn the verbs’rules and features and lay a solid foundation to apply and study the ancient Chinese language verb system.

  10. 毛泽东、周恩来人生哲学之比较%A Comparison of the Philosophy of Life between Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程林辉; 夏小琛

    2011-01-01

    毛泽东、周恩来的人生哲学既同中有异,又异中有同。共同的理想信仰、价值准则、人生追求,使他们的人生哲学呈现出很多相同之处,然而其差异也显而易见:毛泽东的性格以"虎气"为主,气质上豪迈奔放,具有浓郁的诗人情怀,趋于英雄人格;周恩来的性格以柔韧见长,气质上儒雅谦逊,具有博大的贤者胸怀,趋于道德人格。%Comparison between Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai'philosophies of life show some differences and also some similarities.Because of the same beliefs,values and life pursuits,they have a lot of similarities in their philosophies of life.Nevertheless,the difference is also very obvious.Mao Zedong is mainly characterized by his "Tiger Spirit"with a bold and generous temperament,a strong poetic sense and heroic personality.Yet,Zhou Enlai is characteristically good at his flexibility with a modest manner,a broad-minded wisdom and a virtuous personality.

  11. 明周太后与文华门哭谏事件%Empress Zhou and Fight Etiquette beside Wen Hua Door in Ming Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海妍

    2011-01-01

    明代历史上,大臣为捍卫祖制伏阙争礼三次,最早始于成化年间的文华门哭谏。这次争礼因宪宗生母周太后在柑葬问题上与大臣的分歧引起,周太后的跋扈独断激起文武百官大规模请愿。文华门哭谏不仅引起皇室丰忖葬制度的重大变革,也是谏诤皇权不当行为而抗争请愿之开端。%Ministers debated for etiquette in defending the petition of the ceremony, which earliest happened beside the Wen Hua door in Ming Dynasty in Cheng Hua period. This etiquette releted Empress Zhou (the Mother of Xian Zong). There were different views about obsequies between Empress Zhou and ministers. Her selfish and dour determination provoked ministers petition. In consequence, the obsequies not only provoked great change of imperial family, but also became the beginning of petition campaigns about admonitory advisement to rulers who would disobev the rituals during his rai~rn

  12. The ontologicalization of .the Confucian concept of Xin Xing: Zhou Lianxi's founding contribution to the Song-Ming Neo-Confucianism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The Confucian concept of "cheng" (integrity) emphasizes logical priority of value realization over "zhen shi" (reality or truth).Through value realization and the completion of being,zhenshi can be achieved.Cheng demonstrates the original unity of value and reality.Taking the concept of cheng as the core,Zhou Lianxi's philosophy interpreted yi Dao (the Dao of change),and integrated Yi Jing (The Book of Changes) and Zhong Yong (The Doctrine of the Mean).On the one hand,it ontologicalized the Confucian concept of xin xing (mind nature),and proved and established the significance of Dao ti(the ontological Dao) as the principle and origin of the utmost goodness.On the other hand,it also extended the significance of value realization to the process of qi hua (transformation of qi) and transformation of myriad things.He proved li yi (the One Principle) of Dao ti from its many manifestations and established his own metaphysical system.Zhou Lianxi's philosophy sets up a new theoretical direction for the Song-Ming Confucians to reconstruct Confucian Metaphysics.

  13. 周谷城“文化综合说”的形成%The Formation Of Zhou Gucheng’ s Cultures Synthesis Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢战国

    2014-01-01

    《生活系统》奠定周谷城文化观的基础,大革命失败后的中国社会研究使周谷城意识到产业革命对于中国现代化的重要性,周著《中国通史》的“中外文化汇合演进”说是其后“文化综合说”的源头和雏形,周著《世界通史》的编撰使周谷城意识到了欧洲中心论问题。1978年后,周谷城在上述文化思想的基础上提出了精辟独到的“文化综合说”。%Zhou Gucheng laid the foundation for his theory by System of Life , realized the importance of industrial revolution to China’ s modernization by the study of Chinese society after the the Great Revolution, the evolution of cultures both from China and foreign in Zhou’ s General History of China was the origin and rudiment of the Cultures Synthesis Theory, and noticed the problem of Eurocentrism by the written of General History of the World. After 1978, Zhou finally put forward the penetrating original cultural theory.

  14. 西安市北周史君石椁墓%Shi Sarcophagused Tomb of the Northern Zhou Period in Xi'an

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    西安市文物保护考古所

    2004-01-01

    In 2003, the Xi'an Municipal Institute of Ancient Monument Preservation and Archaeology excavated the Shi tomb of the Northern Zhou period east of the Jingshang Village of Daminggong Township in Weiyang District, Xi'an City. They discovered stone sealing slabs, a sarcophagus and beds, as well as gold finger-rings, coins and ornaments, all valuable cultural relics. The tomb is an earthen cave, and consists of a long ramp, small yards, tunnels, a corridor and a chamber. The tombgate, lintel, ramp and chamber are decorated with murals. In the tomb is a couple's joint burial. The male tomb-owner, Shi by name, was the Sabao, or administrator of Zoroastrianism, in the Liangzhou Prefecture of the Northern Zhou period. The color-painted and gold-foiled carvings in relief on the sarcophagus, beds and sealing stones reflect both the Zoroastrianist culture and influence from the Han culture. They provide invaluable textual and pictorial data for studying the Silk Road and Sino-western cultural relations, and have very great significance to researching into the history of Sino-western cultural relations and that of Chinese art.

  15. 周玉艳主任医师治疗难治性周围性面瘫经验初探%Experience of Doctor ZHOU YU-yan to Treat Peripheral Facial Paralysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张彩荣; 陈朝明; 李静

    2013-01-01

    This article summarized famous doctor Zhou Yu-yan' s clinical experience in the treatment of Refractory facial paralysis, who pointed out the differentiation is different root excessive superficial. Mr. Zhou especially pays attention to adjust immunity and manipulation of acupuucture.%总结了名老中医周玉艳主任治疗难治性周围性面瘫的临床经验,指出难治性面瘫为本虚标实症,周主任临床上治疗上重调节免疫及针刺补泻手法,讲究治调并济.

  16. A Study on the FengShui Ideas and Application in Three Kingdom Period in Korea%朝鲜半岛三国时代对中国风水的认识与接纳

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金惠贞[韩国

    2012-01-01

    The inducing time of traditional Chinese FengShui to Korea, has been crossed lips generally with the inducing time of Buddhism. That is, it is generally considered to be the beginning period of 8C. of SinLuo Dynasty. But it should be regarded as Three Kingdom Period in Korea. Long before Three Kingdom Period, in GaoJuLi region, the dragon which was closely connected with Feng- Shui ideas thousands years ago had been treated as an important creature, and ancient stones were constructed on the basis of geograph- ical features, solemn funeral, and distinct bearing thoughts. This means that before the inducement of Chinese FengShui through the cultural correspondence with China, it had its own geographical ideas, and that there was basic soil to induce Chinese FengShui or something Bimilar with Fen~Shui. In this envirionment, LuoPan and the defense tombs system of GaoJuLi, Zhen's epitaph, GaoJuLi tombs wall painting and an astronomical chart, the positioning of tombs of JiaYe Dynasty and remains, the positioning of BaiJi WuNing king~ tomb, its structure and remains, the recording of old books of Korea, shows that Chinese FengShui was well known to people and actually vigorously adopted on the structure of tombs in Three Kingdom Period. This provides the possibility that Chinese FengShui made contributions to some extent on the choice of location of the temples which had been constructed in Three Kingdom Period, and have continued to prosper until today.%中国风水不是在统一新罗时期传来的,在这之前的三国时代对中国风水的认识与接纳是很明显的,风水成为三国时代的主要文化因素,并在墓葬中应用了中国风水。《崇福寺碑文》的风水内容及佛国寺的建立,是经过几百年的风水认识与实践以后,对中国风水接纳的结果。

  17. Nicolas Lémery (1645-1715) y su teoría físico-química sobre diversos fenómenos de interés para las ciencias de la tierra

    OpenAIRE

    Cándido Manuel GARCÍA CRUZ

    2015-01-01

    An unabridged translation of a work of Nicolas Lémery (1645–1715) is presented for the first time in Spanish, wherein this French chemist and apothecary attempts an explanation on physical and chemical basis of several significant phenomena in Earth Sciences, such as earthquakes, subterranean fires, hurricanes, lightning and thunder. This explanation had a common cause for all the aforementioned phenomena: the processes of mineral fermentation, in this case of sulfur and iron, as a heat sourc...

  18. KINESIOLOGY- THE SCIENCE OF MOVEMENT in Relation to Education, Hygiene and Therapy. A piece of the legacy of Nicolas Dally (1795-1862) for contemporary kinesiology scholars and professionals

    OpenAIRE

    Franjo Prot

    2010-01-01

    Kinesiology has recently gained full worldwide credibility as an academic discipline in the field of human movement and exercise practice in the area of education, sport, recreation and kinesitherapy, becoming a proper denominator for the field of sport or exercise science. It seems almost compulsory that on the occasion of the introduction of the first issue of Annales Kinesiologiae, a new scientific journal in the field, to remember and speak about Nicolas Dally and his work. In this paper ...

  19. Œuvre 220 : Édouard Levé d’après Nicolas Brasseur - Entretien avec Olivier Sécardin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Sécardin

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Nicolas Brasseur, artiste, photographe, né en 1981 à Nantes. Vit et travaille à Paris. Diplômé de l’École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs de Paris en 2008, Nicolas Brasseur poursuit un travail documentaire au sein d’institutions françaises autour de la notion « d’images modèles ». Ses recherches l’ont amené à photographier l’hôpital, l’école et plus récemment la prison en parte-nariat avec le Centre Photographique d’Ile-de-France (CPIF.Édouard Levé, écrivain, artiste, photographe, né en 1965, mort en 2007. Diplômé de l’ESSEC, il commence à peindre en 1991, puis brûle presque toutes ses toiles avant de se consacrer à la photographie. En 1999, il réalise sa première série, Homonymes, qui propose des portraits photographiques de personnes inconnues portant des noms célèbres : Georges Bataille, Yves Klein, Henri Michaux… Il reprend le même procédé dans Amérique (2006, reportage sur des villes américaines qui portent le nom d’autres villes connues : Florence, Berlin, Paris... Il est l’auteur de plusieurs séries photographiques. Admirateur de Raymond Roussel, lecteur de Jacques Roubaud et de Raymond Queneau, Édouard Levé est aussi écrivain. OEuvres, publié en 2002 est le catalogue de 533 projets d’oeuvres d’art, installations, peintures, sculptures ou photographies imaginés dont l’artiste a « eu l’idée, mais qu’il n’a pas réalisés ». Son Autoportrait le présente en « 1600 phrases sans solution de continuité ». Trois jours avant de se donner la mort, Édouard Levé dépose chez son éditeur le manuscrit de son dernier texte, Suicide (2008.

  20. Marriage Forms of Zhou Dynasty Reflected in The Book of Songs%从《诗经》看周代婚姻形态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴明燕

    2015-01-01

    In The Book of Songs , there is a large amount of love and marriage poems which can fully present the process of concluding a marriage . During The Book of Songs era , although the Six Marriage Processes , an important part of the rite system of Zhou Dynasty , had become popular among both aristocratic class and common people , different classes had different wedding ceremonies in detail . Except for the major Betrothal Marriage marked with monogamy , there are three more marriage patterns in Zhou Dynasty , like Concubine Marriage marked with polygamy , Succession Marriage marked with the relatives of the dead husband marrying his widow and marriage based on illicit sexual relations . Meanwhile , The Book of Songs also has many poems on the abandoned wives . It is reasonable to get the causes of the factual termination of the marriage according to them . Above all , people can get a general view of the whole marriage forms of Zhou Dynasty .%《诗经》中,婚恋诗所占的篇幅颇丰,它们充分展现了先民们的婚约缔结过程:在《诗经》的时代,周礼所规定的婚姻“六礼”就已通行于贵族及平民阶层,但婚姻仪式又因社会阶级地位的不同而有所区别;周代主要的婚姻形式除以一夫一妻为标志的聘娶婚外,还有一夫多妻的媵妾婚、亡夫亲属收娶寡妇的收继婚和野合而婚;与此同时,《诗经》中又不乏弃妇诗,从这些诗篇出发可以分析先民婚姻的事实终结的部分原因,从而窥测整个周代婚姻形态的大端。

  1. Mr. Zhou Guidian's "Research on Dong Zhongshu" and Its Modern Value%周桂钿先生之"董仲舒研究"及现代价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常会营

    2015-01-01

    Mr. Zhou Guidian, a master of the studies on the ideological history in Qin and Han Dynasties, holds an important academic position and influence in the field of academic, ideology and social science, and his great devotion and assiduous attitude to academic together with his philosophical spirit is looked up to. In the course of his study on Dong Zhongshu, Mr. Zhou defines Dong Zhongshu's philosophy for three times. Academic paradigm has great influences on Dong Zhongshu's historical position and evaluation. Mr. Zhou summarizes Dong Zhongshu's theoretical contribution as the great unification,the telepathy between heaven and man, and honouring Confucianism alone. Based on Confucius's "education after wealth" and the history of New China, he puts forwards "the theory of the three phases of national development". His "New Confucianism in the Han Dynasty" is basically equal to "Dong Zhongshu's Theory".%周桂钿先生是秦汉思想史及董仲舒哲学研究的大家,在学术界、思想界和社会科学界有着重要的学术地位和影响力,其潜心学术、孜孜不倦的学术态度及哲学精神令人钦敬.周先生在董仲舒研究的历程中,对董仲舒哲学进行了三次定性.学术范式对董仲舒历史地位及评价影响巨大.周先生对董仲舒的理论贡献归纳、总结为大一统论、天人感应、独尊儒术.由孔子"富而后教"出发,结合新中国历史,周先生总结了"国家发展三阶段论".周先生提出的"汉代新儒学"基本等同于"董学".

  2. The Sogdian Trade Caravan Traveled Between Liu Hu Zhou and LuoYang in Tang Dynasty%唐代六胡州、洛阳间的粟特商队

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳东

    2015-01-01

    The Liu Hu Zhou trade caravan is still at work on long distance trade in Tang Dynasty.Shi Zhou attracts the caravan to live there for its traffic hub position,economic hinterland superiority condition.The trade route starting from Liu Hu Zhou, passing Shi Zhou and finally arriving at Luo Yang is in a good condition to travel. Wu Ding River Valley, Fen River Valley, and the influx of husbandry, towns, and traffic have provided great convenience for long distant trade. Further, the image of caravan Zoroastrian gods comes from here.%唐代六胡州仍保持着经商的传统,从事着远程长途贸易。石州因着地理交通的便利,经济腹地的支撑,吸引了大量六胡州粟特商队前来定居,形成聚落。从六胡州出发,经石州水陆转运,通往洛阳的商路十分畅通,无定河谷、汾河谷道中,农牧业、城镇、交通的汇集,为远程商贸的展开提供了便利,骆驼祆神形象就诞生在这条路上。

  3. 浅析扬州二电厂60万kW机组不停电电源系统%A Brief Introduction to UPS of YangZhou NO. 2 Power Plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周又可

    2001-01-01

    介绍了不停电电源(UPS)系统的配置、构成及其工作原理,针对扬州二电厂UPS系统做出了剖析。%This paper introduces configuration、 constructionand essential operating principle of UPS. And it analysis theUPS of YangZhou NO. 2 Power Plant.

  4. Talk about training of the clinical thinking from YANG Ji-zhou's medical records%从杨继洲医案看临床思维的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏晓红; 胡玲

    2009-01-01

    To probe into training of the clinical thinking of the students of modern acupuncture and moxibustion speciality, analyze YANG Ji-zhou's clinical thinking of acupuncture and moxibustion from YANG Ji-zhou's medical records in Zhenjiu Dacheng. Results indicate that YANG Ji-zhou's many points of view in clinical acupuncture and moxibustion still can enlighten the train of thought of later generations, suggesting that YANG Ji-zhou's clinical thinking is of an important practical significance for training of the clinical thinking of the students of the acupuncture and moxibustion speciality.%探讨对现代针灸专业学生临床思维的培养.从杨继洲医案入手,对杨继洲针灸临床思维进行分析.结果表明杨继洲在针灸临床方面的许多观点仍能启迪后学思路.说明杨继洲临床思维对针灸专业学生临床思维的培养具有重要的现实意义.

  5. 周作人自编文集的命名风格%The Naming Style of Zhou Zuoren' s Self-compiled Anthology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹卫兵

    2012-01-01

    周作人自编文集的命名风格主要有三点:一是简单,简单就是简要、真实和腴润;二是苦涩,苦涩是一种人生态度和审美追求;三是自然,自然是一种文学价值标准,含有平淡、天成的意蕴。%The naming style of Zhou Zuoren' s self-compiled anthology has three main points: First is simple which is short, truth and abundance; Second is bitter which is the life attitude towards and aesthetic pursuit ; Third is nature which is a literary values, with the meaning of fiat and naturalness.

  6. 广州市京溪污水处理厂工程造价分析%Project Cost Analysis of GuangZhou Jingxi Sewage Treatment Plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦玮

    2011-01-01

    GuangZhou Jingxi sewage treatment plant is the first MBR sewage treatment plant which underground type is applied in China.The paper analyzes the underground type,MBR technology,related equipments and their effect on the project cost,to provide some reference for the construction and cost control of similar projects.%广州市京溪污水处理厂是国内首家地埋式MBR工艺污水处理厂。分析该污水处理厂地下式结构、MBR工艺、相关设备及其对工程造价的影响,为今后同类污水厂的建设与造价控制提供借鉴。

  7. Clinical Experience of Syndrome Differentiation and Treatment of Psoriasis by Feng Xianzhang%冯宪章辨证治疗银屑病的临床经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑志广

    2015-01-01

    Psoriasis can be divided into 7 syndromes by Feng Xianzhang:wind heat and blood heat,blood stasis and blood dryness,blood deficiency and wind dryness,wind-dampness violate exterior,imbalance of Chong and Ren,damp-heat stagnancy,blood deficiency and hyperactivity of the liver.Respectively treating by dispelling wind and clearing heat,cooling and invigorate blood,promoting blood circu-lation to remove blood stasis,dredging collaterals and eliminating stagnation,nourishing blood and skin moisten,dispelling wind and ar-resting itching,dispersing wind and removing dampness,invigoration of Chong Ren,clearing heat and promoting diuresis,nourishing blood and liver.Feng Xianzhang make a diagnosis and give treatment of psoriasis focus on overall adjustment,not treatment of skin le-sion.Starting from the overall concept,in order to cure the disease by adjusting the function of viscera,treating the inner and the more its outside.At the same time pay attention to regulating liver,harmonizing Qi and blood,pay attention to science education and psycho-logical counseling.%冯宪章将银屑病分为风热血热证、血瘀血燥证、血虚风燥证、风湿袭表证、冲任失调证、湿热郁遏证、血虚肝旺证。分别采用疏风清热、凉血活血法,活血化瘀、通络散结法,养血润肤、祛风止痒法,散风除湿法,调补冲任法,清热利湿法,养血柔肝法以治之。冯宪章诊治银屑病注重整体调节,不提倡针对皮损的治疗。从整体观念出发,以调整人体脏腑功能失调,治其内而愈其外,达到“治其人”而“愈其病”的目的。临证注重调肝与调和气血,同时注重科普教育与心理疏导。

  8. Issues in the Studies on Scientific Thought of Xue Feng-zuo%薛凤祚科学思想研究的若干问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马来平

    2012-01-01

    关于《历学会通》对哥白尼日心体系的修改问题,科学史工作者提供的证据颇有说服力,应予以认真对待,但尚有探讨余地;明末清初正是中国传统天文历法、数学与占验开始萌发分离动向的时期,薛凤祚是这一潮流的见证人和主要参与者。其占验思想是其科学思想的有机组成部分,应给予宽容而客观的分析和评价;薛凤祚的科学观是其科学思想的核心,研究它须以近代科学观为参照系,如此,方能正确判断其科学观的性质,厘清其中弥足珍贵的近代因素。%Concerning the amendation of Copernicus's Heliocentric theory in Li Xue Hui Tong,historians of science have provided convincing evidences,which should be taken seriously and needs further investigation.Xue Feng-zuo was the witness and the main participant in the trend of Chinese traditional astronomy,calendar and mathematics dissociating from divination during the period of late Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty.His thought on divination is an integral part of his scientific thought system,which should be given to tolerant and objective analysis and evaluation.Xue Feng-zuo's view of science is the core of his scientific thoughts,on which researches need to be based on the modern view of science to determine the nature of his view of science and clarify the precious modern factors from it.

  9. Zhou Enlai's People to People Diplomatic Thoughts and Its Realistic Enlightenment%周恩来人民外交思想及其当代价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨绍琼

    2014-01-01

    人民外交是公共外交的重要组成部分,是加强中国同世界各国人民的对话交流,推动中国同世界良性互动和共同发展的重要渠道。周恩来是新中国首倡人民外交的第一人,周恩来的人民外交思想内涵深刻、特色鲜明,内容丰富、自成体系,开创了中国外交的新风尚,具有重要的历史作用,对当代中国外交具有重要的借鉴和启示意义。%People to people diplomacy is an important part of public diplomacy.It is an significant chan-nel to strengthen the dialogue and exchanges between Chinese and people around the world,also to promote positive interaction and common development between China and the other countries.Zhou Enlai is the first person to propose the people to people diplomacy in new China.Zhou Enlai's people to people diplomatic thought contains profound connotations,distinctive features and rich content.It is a self-contained system.It has initiated a brand-new fashion in China's diplomacy and an important role in history.It also has important reference and enlightening significance to the contemporary China's di-plomacy.

  10. Zhou Bida’s Methodology of Commenting on Si Shi%周必大评苏的方法问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨胜宽

    2014-01-01

    周必大作为南宋前期重要的政治家,在当时朝野推崇苏学的政治背景和学术氛围下,十分关注与敬重苏轼。他采用考证、点评、辨析等方法,对苏轼的生平事迹、道德文章进行了深入考察和客观评价,体现了作者独特的人品风范与学问见识。文章对这些问题进行了系统梳理和总结概括。周必大提供的不少今人未见的苏轼佚文线索,表明苏轼研究的文献收集整理等基础工作,还需要继续努力进行。%Zhou Bida is an important politician during the former period of the Southern Song Dynasty, who paid much attention to and respected Su Shi under the circumstances of the political background and a-cademic atmosphere in the court and commonalty. He used many methods to observe and critique Su Shi’s lifetime achievements and moral articles in depth, such as textual research, commenting and discrimination, embodying his great personality and academic achievements. This essay systematically analyzes and summa-rizes what have been mentioned above. Many of the leads that Zhou Bida provided for researches on Su Shi are quite precious, indicating that more efforts should be made to the fundamental work of collecting and restoring relevant literature.

  11. 周仲瑛教授临床应用苍耳草经验%Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying's clinical experience in using of Xanthium grass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王长松

    2011-01-01

    The clinical experience from ZHOU Zhong-ying in using Xanthium grass to treat with dozens of diseases was introduced .such as allergic rhinitis, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, henoch-schonlein purpura nephritis, neurodermitis, and so on.This experience was then analyzed, and showed that professor ZHOU using Xanthium grass not only stressed getting rid of restrictions of names of disease and basing on the flexibility of differential treatment, but also valued the principle of clear and rigorous indication.The indication is that: Xanthium grass can be used in the diseases that locaion is the lung and liver, features wind-heat, symptom pruritus, pathology irritability; while characteristic deficiency-cold, location inside should be cautious.%通过典型病例,分别介绍了周仲瑛教授应用苍耳草治疗过敏性鼻炎、哮喘、类风湿性关节炎、溃疡性结肠炎、紫癜性肾炎、神经性皮炎等病症的经验;然后对这些经验进行了总结分析,指出周教授临床应用苍耳草,既强调不拘病名、辨证论治的灵活性,又重视指征明确、不能随意的原则性.其应用苍耳草的指征是:病位在肺肝,病性属风热,病症为瘙痒,病理为过敏.而病性属虚、属寒,病位在里者则当慎用.

  12. Analysis of professor ZHOU Ming-xin's treatment strategies about amenorrhea%周铭心教授辨治闭经方略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍镝; 周铭心

    2013-01-01

    周铭心教授是国家级名老中医,中医临床经验丰富.周教授认识到闭经基本病机可分为血虚及血瘀两端,郁火积热也是闭经的另一重要病机,因病情的复杂性,临证需辨证认识虚瘀的关系;在治疗方法上通过“达冲”、“注冲”两种方法有层次的安排,观察病情“应”与“不应”,再采取相应的“达冲”与“注冲”的治疗方法;在用药方面,根据既往经验预先配伍治疗闭经有效的单元药组,临证时根据病情变化将这些单元药组联缀组方.策略得当,疗效满意.%Professor ZHOU Ming-xin is a prominent doctors of traditional Chinese medicine with rich clinical experience. Professor Zhou recognizes basic pathogenesis of amenorrhea can be divided into two sides: blood deficiency and blood stasis, in addition stagnated fire is also another important pathogenesis of amenorrhea. Due to complexity of disease, it is necessary to dialectical understand of the relationship of blood deficiency and blood stasis. Through the two treatment methods of ' Dredging Chong Vessel' and ' Irrigating Chong Vessel' with arrangement in sequence, disease improvement can be observed, then according to the result of observation, the two treatment methods above can be further used. Effective unit medicine groups, based on previous experience in treatment of amenorrhea, are connected and form TCM Prescription according to disease changes, the proper strategy curatives effect satisfaction.

  13. The Spirit of Game in Le Petit Nicolas%浅析电影《小淘气尼古拉》的游戏精神

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梓玥

    2016-01-01

    儿童电影中的游戏精神不仅具有通过儿童游戏外部特征传达出的娱乐、审美、认知、安抚、治愈等诸多的愿望,同时具有电影艺术独特的美感。电影《小淘气尼古拉》的人物形象顽皮机智,情节设计荒诞离奇,环境营造和谐自然。这些具有游戏精神的特点满足了现实生活中儿童游戏天性的需要,让他们在观赏影片时获得愉悦、启发和满足。%The spirit of the game in children's movies can convey not only a lot of wishes such as amusement,aesthetics,cognition,ap-peasement and healing etc.through the external features of the game but also the special sense of beauty about the movie arts.The images in Le Petit Nicolas are naughty and smart with the fantastic plot and harmonious surroundings.The characteristics full of the spirit of game meet the needs of the children's nature of the game and give them pleasure,enlightenment and satisfaction when appreciating the movie.

  14. 充满魅力的中国市场——对话SIAL集团全球CEO Nicolas TRENTESAUX

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜慧娟

    2016-01-01

    2016年4月6日,SIAL中食展发布会结束之后,身材高大的NicolasTrentesaux先生进入会议室,亲切地与每一位记者朋友握手致意,然后准备好纸笔认真聆听大家的提问。法国SIAL国际食品和饮料展览会创建于1964年,每两年一届,迄今已有50年历史,现已成为全球食品和饮料行业最大的展览贸易盛会。自2000年SIAL展移植中国以来,如今,已成功举办了17届,成为中国规模最大、层次最高、效益最好的国际食品展。SIALChina已成为亚洲最大的国际食品展。

  15. 自拟痛风汤加减治疗老年原发性痛风30例%Modified Self-made TongFengTang in Treating 30 Cases of Senile Primary Gout

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙涛

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察自拟痛风汤加减治疗老年原发性痛风的疗效.方法:以自拟痛风汤为基础方辨证加减,治疗痛风30例,1荆/d,7天1个疗程,治疗1~3个疗程后观察临床疗效及血尿酸变化情况.结果:总有效率为93.3%.结论:自拟痛风汤治疗痛风疗效显著.%Objective: To observe therapeutic effects of modified self-made TongFengTang in treating primary gout. Method: Self-made TongFengTang, modified based on syndrome differentiation and treatment, was used to treat 30 cases of gout, one dose per day, one course of treatment was seven days, curative effects and changes of blood uric acid were observed after one to three courses of treatment. Result: Total effective rate was 93.3%. Conclusion: Self-made TongFengTang shows significant effects in treating gout.

  16. 塞隆风湿酒对小鼠镇痛、抗寒的实验研究%Experimental Research Analgesic and resist-cool effects in Mice by Sai long Feng shi Wine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐淑玲; 沈华; 王笑红

    2001-01-01

    To investigate Analgesic and resist-cool effects of sai long Feng shi wine in mice. Methods: Analgesic action of sai long Feng shi wine was obserated acetic acid-induced writhing test in mice. Anti-cool test was obserad in mice in -20℃ refrigerator.Results: Sai long feng shi wine can inhibit writing reaction and prolong the surrival time in cooled mice.%目的:观察塞隆风湿酒A、B及大小剂量对小鼠镇痛、抗寒冷作用影响。方法:采用昆明系小鼠灌胃塞隆酒A、B不同剂量,观察各组动物对醋酸致痛后发生扭体反应数及各组动物在-20℃低温条件下存活时间。结果:塞隆风湿酒A、B大小剂量对实验动物具有明显的镇痛及抗寒作用。

  17. Explanation Practice of Political Comment and Literature-On the Literary Criticism of FENG Xuefeng%政论与文艺的解释学实践——冯雪峰文学批评研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志华; 周兴清

    2012-01-01

    以文艺政策为参照,以自身文艺领导干部的合法优势来确立文学批评标准和内容的规范,这是作为一个文学“批评”家的冯雪峰之文学批评“政论”特色的具体体现。另一方面,作为一个“文学”批评家,冯雪峰在典型、现实主义、艺术真实等问题上都有着一个艺术家所具有的艺术感受和认识。故其文学批评呈现出“政论与文艺”兼具的特色。%Analysing the literary policy as the reference, and establishing the standard and the content standard of the literary criticism by the leading cadre's legitimate superiority, which was the concrete manifestation of FENG Xuefeng' literary criticism "the political comment " characteristic when he is a literary "critics". On the other hand, FENG Xuefeng had some artistic feeling and understanding on the type, realism, art reality when he is a "literary" critics. So FENG Xuefeng' literary criticism showed the characteristics of both literature and political comment.

  18. Enlightenment and Sensing:Hu Feng's Literary Thought Associated with Lu Xun's Spirit%启蒙与实感:胡风文艺思想与鲁迅传统的关联

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡洞峰

    2015-01-01

    胡风的文艺思想通过其在现实的实践斗争中形成了启蒙现实主义理论体系.胡风继承了鲁迅的文学"为人生"的"五四"启蒙精神,将启蒙思想纳入到他的"主观战斗精神"、"大众化"等理论体系中,并通过文学的"实感"使启蒙思想通过文学的方式得以实现.总体说来,通过文学实现五四启蒙精神,并建构起启蒙现实主义的理论是胡风传承鲁迅精神的实质和核心.%Hu Feng's literary thought is the enlightenment theory of realism formed through his practical struggle. Inherited from Lu Xun's "May 4th"spirit of enlightenment in literature "for life", Hu Feng brought the enlightenment thought into his theoretical system of "Subjective fighting spirit" and "Popularity", and had the enlightenment thought come into being by literary"sensing" in literature. Generally speaking, the essence and core of Hu Feng's inheritance from Lu Xun's spirit is to realize "May 4th"spirit of enlightenment in literature, and subsequently to form his own enlightenment theory of realism

  19. Feng Menglong's Thoughts on Literature and their Origin from Confucianism%冯梦龙的文学思想及其儒学根源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周群

    2000-01-01

    冯梦龙是一位致力于通俗文学的创作与批评的文学家。冯梦龙的尚俗主张主要是就文学体裁而言.冯梦龙的“情教”说,本源于儒家的学术思想.冯梦龙的文学直接承嗣了李贽,汤显祖、袁宏道等人的文学主张,并在俗文学领域中得到了新的拓展。%Feng Menglong is a writer and critic of popular literature. His thoughts on popularity of literary creation refer tc the genre of literature. His thoughts on literature's purpose of arousing emotions and education come from Confucianism. His literary creations are based on the development from his inheritance of the thoughts of Li Zhi, Tang Xianzu and Yuan Hongdao.

  20. “学雷锋”的假作文与德育教育反思%False composition of "Lei Feng" and the moral education reflection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舍娜莉

    2013-01-01

      “学雷锋”假作文折射出德育教育理念功利、内容空洞和方法单一等诸多问题,德国无私的德育理念、日本丰富的德育内容和美国宽松的德育方法给予我们很多思考和借鉴。培养诚实守信、脚踏实地、勇于担当的国民才是中国发展崛起的希望。%"Lei Feng" false composition reflects the moral education utilitarian, devoid of content and method for single and many other issues, methods of moral education moral education content of German selfless moral concept, Japan and the United States of America rich loose to give us a lot of thinking and reference. Honest culture, stand on solid ground, to bear the national is the Chinese development of the rise of hope.

  1. The Family of Sima Chuzhi in Northern Wei and Zhou Dynasties%北魏初至北周中的司马楚之家族兴替

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程刚

    2014-01-01

    北魏初期,司马楚之凭借个人才能及其与鲜卑贵族、皇室的姻亲关系,父子得以世袭王爵,担任云中镇大将、朔州刺史的要职。孝文帝时期,司马楚之家族世袭要职的特权被取消,爵位亦例降为公。司马悦为重振家族,改变了以往的姻亲关系,开始与汉族大族联姻,以抬高家族的地位。北魏末,司马裔归顺西魏(北周)政权,依靠乡里、宗族的势力,屡立功勋,从而受到统治者的宠信,然关东豪族的身份使司马裔最终未能进入西魏(北周)的政权核心或政治中心地区任职。%In the early Northern Wei Dynasty, Sima chuzhi obtained three generations hereditary positions and prince titles by virtue of personal competency and affinity of Xianbei nobles and the Royal. In the period of Emperor Xiaowen, the hereditary post of privilege was cancelled, and the title down to duke. To revitalize the family, Simayue changed the past affinity and started with Han nationality’s marriage in order to boost family status .At the end of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Simayi surrendered to the west (the northern Zhou) regime and was trusted by the rulers relying on the village and clan forces and effectiveness. As local tyrant of Guandong, Sima Yi didn’t hold a post at the West Wei Dynasty’s (the West Zhou Dynasty’s) the core of the regime or in political center areas.

  2. 论西周青铜器与铭文的文化功能%Cultural Functions of the Bronzeware and Inscriptions of the Western Zhou Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘全志; 聂小雪

    2014-01-01

    The bronzeware of the Western Zhou Dynasty was a product of the ritual system, so its shape, decoration and arrangement are symbols of the established ritual system. The so-called"embodiment of rituals by bronzeware"means that the bronzeware could perform important ritual functions from all aspects. Making cauldrons was undoubtedly intended to show rituals. The emperors cast bronzeware to communicate with Heaven and Earth and receive divine decrees;and the dukes and ministers did so to pray happiness for future generations by offering sacrifices to their ancestors. Their actions could also be regarded as a display of power and regulation of order. Bronzeware was the carrier of ritual music of the Western Zhou;the system of bronzeware often stood for the ritual system;and the bronze concepts also represented ritual concepts.%西周青铜器是礼乐制度的产物,因此它的形制、纹饰乃至排列组合都昭示着既定的礼乐制度,所谓“器以藏礼”指的就是青铜器能从各方面展示出礼乐规范的重要功能,“铸鼎象物”无疑就是“铸鼎显礼”“铸器以显礼”。天子铸器以沟通天地、承接天命,而公侯大夫铸器无疑也是通过祭祀向祖先祈福,以保佑后世子孙,其背后的意义同样也起着展示权力、规范秩序的重要功能。青铜器是西周制礼作乐的载体,青铜制度往往就是礼乐制度,青铜观念往往就代表着礼乐观念。

  3. On the Multiple Perspectives through which Feng Zikai Appreciated the Beauty of Folk Customs%论丰子恺民俗审美的多重视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄江平

    2012-01-01

    重视艺术与现实生活的密切联系,是丰子恺审美活动的逻辑起点。面对丰富的民俗生活和民俗事象,丰子恺从多角度、多层面展开民俗审美活动。在物质民俗审美中,丰子恺以对“人间烟火气”的盎然兴致,观察其家乡的衣食住行习俗,捕捉司空见惯的原生态民俗,刻画富于人情味和人情美的民俗生活。在艺术民俗审美中,不仅以玩具与花灯为代表的民间美术和民间工艺品是其民俗审美的重要内容,连日常生活中的叫卖声、小贩的招揽声、打桩的号子声也成了亲切而感人的“自然的音乐”,具有丰富的民俗文化价值。在信仰民俗审美中,他关注了家乡的佛道信仰、祖先崇拜及原始的动植物崇拜,通过对节日仪式的审美观照,展现了丰富的民间宗教信仰和原始巫术遗存。%Attaching importance to the close relationship between art and reality is the logical point of departure of Feng Zikai's aesthetic activities. Faced with a rich variety of folk customs and ways, Feng Zikai pursued his aesthetic appreciation of them from multi-angles and on multi-layers. When appreciating the material folk customs, he showed a keen interest in the everyday life of ordinary people, observing the daily habits of his country folks, taking note of pristine ways and customs which often escape an unobservant eye and depicting folk life that is filled with a human touch. When appreciating folk cus- toms of art, he not only studied typical arts and crafts like toys and festive lanterns, but also "the natural music" of crying one's ware, soliciting customers and chanting while piling that is rich in cultural value. When studying the folk customs of faith, he paid attention to the Buddhist and Taoist faiths of his country folks, their ancestor worship and their primitive wor- ship of animals and plants. Through an aesthetic appreciation of the festive rituals he revealed

  4. 孙维峰治疗痛风性关节炎经验%Sun Wei-feng's Experience of Treating Gouty Arthritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    劳贝妮

    2016-01-01

    Professor Sun Wei-feng thinks that gouty arthritis during the intermittent period and chronic phase are mainly due to yin deficiency of the liver and kidney leading to the spleen failing to activate,internal phlegmatic dampness,intermingled phlegm and blood stasis blocking in meridians,joints and the viscera.He emphasizes that "deficiency of the liver,spleen and kidney,intermingled phlegm and blood stasis" are the root of gouty arthritis during the intermittent period and chronic phase,so the treatment should focus on "purging turbidity and removing pathogenesis,dissolving the dampness and clearing away heat,activating blood circulation to remove blood stasis." He uses self-made (XZCBD) to treat it.He especially pays attention to prevention and regulation of patients with gouty arthritis.%孙维峰教授认为痛风性关节炎间歇期及慢性期的病因多为肝肾阴虚,脾失健运,痰湿内生,久则痰瘀互结,留滞经脉、关节、脏腑,强调“肝脾肾虚、痰瘀互结”为痛风的发病根源.孙教授认为痛风性关节炎间歇期及慢性期的治疗原则为“泄浊祛邪、化湿清热、活血化瘀”,自拟“泄浊除痹汤”治疗痛风间歇期及慢性期.孙维峰教授特别注重对痛风性关节炎患者生活上的预防调摄.

  5. Analgesic effect and mechanism of the three TCM-herbal drug-combination Tou Feng Yu pill on treatment of migraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jia-chuan; Shen, Xiao-fei; Meng, Xian-li; Zhang, Yi; Lai, Xian-rong

    2011-06-15

    It is well known that pain is one of the most important characteristics of migraine. Therefore, it is important and interesting to investigate the analgesic effect and mechanism of drugs which are used to treat migraine. Tou Feng Yu pill (TFY) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, consisting of the three Chinese herbal drugs Radix Angelicae dahuricae (Baizhi), Rhizome Ligustici (Chuanxiong) and Folium Camelliae sinensis (green tea) for the treatment of migraine. In this study, we found that TFY could significantly reduce the writhing times induced by acetic acid and licking foot response induced by formalin, and extend the writhing latent period. But the analgesic effect was not observed at hot-plate test. Meanwhile, experimental migrainous model induced by nitroglycerin was used to investigate the therapeutic effect of TFY. Compared with the control group, the levels of plasma calcitonin gene related to peptide (CGRP), serum nitric oxide (NO) and contents of brain dopamine (DA) in TFY administration groups were significantly decreased, and the levels of plasma endothelin (ET) and contents of brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) were remarkably increased, also the ratio of ET/NO was clearly corrected. Furthermore, the improving effect of behavior abnormality was observed in TFY administration rats. Meanwhile, isolated vascular ring test indicated that TFY had an significant effect on vasomotion, and antagonize vasospasm; moreover TFY also could increase cerebral blood flow (CBF) and reduce cerebrovascular resistance index (RI) in normal rabbits, which verified the effect of TFY on vasomotion and abnormal hemorheology. All the results indicate that TFY has an effective therapeutical action on migraine, which may be related to three aspects as following: firstly, adjusting the level of neurotransmitters, neuropeptides and vasoactive substances, relieving neurogenic inflammation; secondly, improving vasomotion, increase cerebral blood flow

  6. Experience of Zhou Wenquan in treating Hyperhidrosis using Chaihu Longmu Tang and Ganmai Dazao Tang%周文泉运用柴胡龙牡汤合甘麦大枣汤治疗多汗证经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李岩; 周文泉

    2014-01-01

    Doctor Zhou Wenquan is one of the nation recognized famous veteran TCMdoctor.He has plenty of clinical experience,espe-cially known for distinctive use of TCMformulas and medicines.Doctor Zhou is good at treating hyperhidrosis using Chaihu Longmu Tang and Ganmai Dazao Tang,which regulates qi activity and harmonize yin and yang.%周文泉教授是第四、五批全国老中医药专家学术经验继承工作指导老师,从医50年,积累了丰富的临床经验,尤其在遣方用药方面,独具匠心。周师运用柴胡龙牡汤合甘麦大枣汤调整阴阳,调和气机,治疗多汗证,取得了良好的疗效。

  7. 冲突与悖论中的人性展示:周朴园形象论析%The Show of Human Nature in Conflict and Paradox:Analysis of ZhouPuyuan’s Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晨露

    2013-01-01

    周朴园扭曲变态的人性导致了《雷雨》的悲剧。论文通过对周朴园形象的分析,展示他冲突与悖论中的扭曲人性,探索来自社会家庭、自身角色的冲突、以及生存本身对人性的影响,从而发现其人性扭曲的悲剧根源。%Zhou Puyuan’s distorted human nature lead to the tragedy of Thunderstorm .This paper through the analysis of ZhouPuyuan’s image, show the distorted human nature in conflict and paradox .to explore the influence to human nature from the social、 family and the conflict of their differ-ent roles, and survival itself , and discover the tragedy’s root of distorted human nature .

  8. Excavation on the Western Zhou Site at Yandun in Liu'an City, Anhui%安徽六安市堰墩西周遗址发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安徽省文物考古研究所; 六安市文物管理所

    2002-01-01

    The Yandun site lies at Yandun Village of Sanshipu Town in Liu'an City, Anhui Province, and was a terraced settlement within the district of the watershed between the Yangtze and Huihe rivers at the eastern foot of Dabie Mountain. It has deep deposits with pure cultural contents and constitutes a typical village remains of the Western Zhou period. In the extensive area of excavation,totaling about 900 sq m, ash-pits and tombs were discovered along with numerous vestiges related to buildings. Among the abundant objects unearthed are pottery, proto-porcelain, hard pottery with impressed design, bronzes, and stone, bone and shell artifacts. The discovery of the site has great value to the deep-going study of the features of the Western Zhou period archaeological culture in the Yangtze and Huihe valley within the Anhui region.

  9. 周德生教授治疗帕金森病开关现象的临床经验总结%Professor Zhou Desheng's clinical experience in the treatment of Parkinson's disease "switch phenomenon"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁瑞丛; 胡华; 袁雅洁; 李中

    2013-01-01

    主要介绍周德生教授对帕金森病开关现象的中医认识,以及辨证治疗帕金森病开关现象的临床经验。%This paper mainly introduces the understanding of Chinese medicine Professor Zhou Desheng on Parkinson's disease switch phenomenon ,and the clinical experience of syndrome differentiation and treatment of Parkinson disease switch phenomenon .

  10. Exploration on the Phenomenon of Human Sacrifice-Rising in Shang Dynasty and Declining in Zhou Dynasty%人祭习俗商盛周衰原因新探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王元朝

    2011-01-01

    商代盛行的巫术观念是人祭广泛实行的思想根据;异族间文化冲突所引起的种族仇恨,使得商人大量杀害异族以祭祀神灵,是人祭习俗在商代盛行的现实根据。人祭习俗在周代呈现衰败的趋势,这一方面是由于先周时期,周人本无人祭习俗;另一方面是由于商末周初,周人进行思想文化大变革,提出"敬德保民"的口号,人的地位得到抬高。%That human sacrifice was popular in Shang Dynasty was firstly because Shang was a time at which the witchcraft were exceedingly worshipped-in everything.Secondly,The cultural conflict,racial hatred and the killing of other racial people have made human sacrifice a practical need at the time.That human sacrifice declined in Zhou Dynasty was firstly because the early period of Zhou didn't have any custom of human sacrifice.Secondly,in the early of Zhou and the end of Yin Dynasty,the Zhou people's thinking and culture have had a dramatic change: "We respect Gods,but we also need to be aware of people's needs";it caused the Person's status had improved.

  11. Influence of acupuncturing Feng-fu acupoint on jaw-opening reflex of rats with tension-type headache%针刺风府穴对紧张型头痛大鼠张颌反射的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴宏赟; 王希友; 王福文; 侯书伟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence of acupuncturing Feng-fu acupoint on amplitude and latency of jaw-opening reflex (JOR) of rats with tension-type headache (TTH). Methods The TTH rat model was prepared by injecting ATP into rats' bilateral semispinalis capitis. 40 SPF-Wistar rats weighting 220-260 g, half male and half female, were divided into four groups: blank group, model group, Feng-fu acupoint group and non-acpoint group. Change of pain threshold and sensitivity of muscle and fascia in head and neck was observed by making quantitative analysis on JOR amplitude and latency of TTH model rats. Results No change of JOR's amplitude and latency was caused in blank group with NS injected into semispinalis capitis (P>0.05), JOR's amplitude was decreased in model group with ATP in-jected (P0.05), JOR's amplitude was increased and latency was shortened in Feng-fu acupoint group, JOR's amplitude was increased in non-acupoint group (P 0.05). Compared with model group, JOR's amplitude and latency of Feng-fu acupoint group were increased remarkably (P 0.05). Compared with non-acupoint group, JOR's amplitude of Feng-fu acupoint group was increased observably (P 0.05). Conclusion Acupuncturing Feng-fu acupoint could increase JOR's amplitude and extend its latency, in oth-er words, it can increase pain threshold and decrease sensitivity of muscle and fascia in head and neck.%目的:探索针刺风府穴对紧张型头痛大鼠张颌反射波幅和潜伏期的影响。方法采用大鼠双侧半棘肌注射三磷酸腺苷二钠注射液(ATP)的方法制备紧张型头痛大鼠模型。体重220~260 g的SPF级Wistar大鼠40只,雌雄各半,分为空白组、模型组、风府穴组和假穴组四组,通过定量分析紧张型头痛模型大鼠张颌反射波幅及潜伏期,反映头颈部皮肤肌肉筋膜痛阈及敏感性变化。结果空白组半棘肌注射生理盐水不引起张颌反射波幅及潜伏期变化(P>0.05);模型组半棘肌注射ATP导

  12. 西周金文构形特征探析%Structural Features of Inscriptions on Ancient Bronze Objects in Western Zhou Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞英

    2012-01-01

    西周金文处于汉字体系的形成和发展时期。西周铜器铭文中图形文字向方块字体转变,偏旁部首增加并趋于成熟,汉字形体结构日益完善,形声结构迅速增长。对西周金文构形特征的考察能够深入了解文字发展变化的过程,从而有助于探求汉字的发展变化规律。%The inscriptions on ancient bronze objects in the Western Zhou Dynasty appeared in the times when Chinese character system formed and developed. In the inscriptions on bronze, the pictographic scripts changed to be square -shaped characters, character components increased and perfected, the form and structure were further perfect and the number of inscriptions rapidly increased. To investigate the structural features of inscriptions on ancient bronze objects will help deepen the understanding of the evolution of Chinese characters.

  13. Parentage determination of an isolated Yangtze finless porpoise population Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis in the Yangtze Tian-e-Zhou Baiji National Natural Reserve based on molecular data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIA Junhong; ZHENG Jinsong; XU Limei; WANG Ding

    2005-01-01

    Reproductive behaviors are poorly known for the Yangtze finless porpoise Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis. In this study, the parentage of an isolated Yangtze finless porpoise population inhabiting the Yangtze Tian-e-Zhou Baiji National Natural Reserve is determined by analysis of microsatellite loci and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region sequences, and the porpoise's reproductive behaviors are studied. Overall 4 full parentage assignments and additional 3 single parentage assignments were determined for the population of 23 individuals. The analysis shows that their estimated reproductive cycle is shorter than that reported previously and there probably exists an overlapping between gestation and lactation period. The study also shows that the female does not show fidelity to a particular male for breeding and vice versa, the oldest males did not monopolize mating and the dominance rank could not be so strict for the porpoise society. Moreover, the porpoise's mating pattern and relatedness among candidate parents are discussed here. These results provide important information for making guidelines of management and conservation for this protected population.

  14. The modern transformation of Shanghai from Zhou Xuan music%从周璇音乐看上海的近代变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩凌

    2014-01-01

    音乐不仅展现了音乐创造者、演奏者和欣赏者的思想内容和精神情怀,而且还深刻地反映了音乐存在的时空特点,是时代变迁的一种反映形式。周璇音乐是近代上海音乐的突出代表,其主演的诸多歌唱片和演唱的歌曲集中反映了上海的近代变迁,其现实主义的表现形式更为今天的艺术表演提供了保贵的借鉴。%The music not only demonstrates the ideological content and the spiritual mood of music creators, performers and the audience, but also profoundly reflects the spatial and temporal characteristics of the existence of music, is a reflection of changing times. Zhou Xuan's music is a prominent representative of modern Shanghai music, many songs reflects the modern transformation of Shanghai, provides the reference for today's art show.

  15. 中国第一部近代宪法-《鄂州约法》%The First Constitution in History of Modern China: E Zhou Provisional Constitution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    费春

    2001-01-01

    《鄂州临时约法》是民国时期湖北军政府制定的中国历史上第一个资产阶级近代民权宪法草案,它的人民立宪思想、民主立宪程序和突出的人权法案内容,为中国近代立宪主义树立了一个样板,在中国宪政史上居于开创性的历史地位。%"E Zhou Provisional constitution of the Republic of China" which was drawn by the Hubei Military Government of the Republic of China, is the first draft of modern constitution in the history of China. Its democratic ideology and procedure of constitutionalism, and its outstanding contents on human rights, had stood a magnificent model for the model of the modern constitutionalism in China. It holds an initiative position in the history of Chinese constitutional government.

  16. 略论商周俯身葬及其相关问题%On the Prone Burial and Related Issues of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明东

    2011-01-01

    俯身葬是殷商墓葬中一种正常的埋葬方式,但在西周时期却急剧减少,且分布地域较为集中,墓主身份亦较低。这种变化状况与商周文化的差异有关,应是王朝更替之后所导致的文化变迁的反映。从西周俯身葬的情况来看,殷遗民入周后在政治、经济和宗教观念方面都受到了一定的冲击,他们在逐渐放弃一些固有的礼俗。%Prone burials were common in the late Shang Dynasty, but sharply declined in the Western Zhou Dynasty, with graves concentrated in certain areas and owned by people from low social class. The popularity of prone burials changing from the Shang Dynasty to

  17. Discussion on the Ideas of the Construction of Ethics of China Sports from Ethical Culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties%从周秦伦理文化谈中国体育伦理构建思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴长稳

    2011-01-01

    The ethical culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties is the core based on ritual culture of Zhou Dynasty, the assistance based on legal culture of Qin Dynasty and a kind of cultural form combining with ritual and legislation. The research on the ethical culture of Zhou and Qin Dynasties' function and significance to the construction of ethics of China sports was delved deeply, and the basic content and principle of the construction of ethics of China sports was put forward from macroscopic viewpoint.%周秦伦理文化是以周的礼文化为核心,以秦的法文化为辅助的,礼法相结合的一种文化形态.本研究深入挖掘周秦伦理文化对于中国体育伦理构建的作用和意义,并从宏观上提出中国体育伦理构建的基本内容和基本原则.

  18. 冯友兰伦理思想的精神特质与理论旨趣%On the spiritual characteristics and theoretical purport of Feng Youlan’s ethics thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张克政; 范鹏

    2014-01-01

    Mr. Feng Youlan is an important ethicists in modern China. The traditional Confucian ethics is based the theoretical access which is highlighting human rational and self-conscious, looking for the inner world and meaning-world on the moralism theory of human nature, but Mr. Feng Youlan is different from traditional Confucian, he based the theoretical access on the rationalism theory of human nature, and constructed an ethics system which regards rationalism as its spiritual characteristic. To carry forward human rational spirit is not the final end-result of Mr. Feng Youlan’s ethics system, its theoretical purport expected people to use their reason, so as to continuously improve the spiritual realm, and shape the ideal personality that has extremely brilliant realm that accords with the Golden Mean, and properly settles self , finally.%冯友兰是我国现代一位重要的伦理学家。与传统儒家伦理学将彰显理性自觉,追求精神、意义世界的理路建立在道德人性论基础上不同,冯友兰从理性人性论这一理论进路,建构了以理性主义为精神特质的伦理思想体系。开明人的理性精神并不是冯友兰伦理思想体系的最终归宿,其理论旨趣是期望人们运用理性,不断提高精神境界,最终成就“极高明而道中庸”的理想人格,以妥善安顿自身。

  19. Anti-tradition and Tradition:Feng Yuanjun’ s Pain of “Love”---A Case Study of Feng Yuanjun’s Novel Writing in the 1920s%反传统与传统:冯沅君的“爱情”之痛--以冯沅君1920年代的小说创作为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨华丽

    2013-01-01

    In her works written during the May 4th Movement, Feng Yuanjun, a female writer of new litera-ture, who has contributed three novel anthologies-Juan Shi, Chun Hen and Jie Hui-focuses on the heroine’ s pain due to her hesitation, indecision and struggle between her parent-child love and love for lovers. The destiny of the heroine’ s painful struggle in “love” is consistent with the conflict between the authoress’ rebellion under the impact of new ideas and her conversion because of her love for her mother. The vacillation between rebellion and attachment reflects exactly the plight of female intellectuals of the May 4 th Movement who have just made an appear-ance in society in the period of transition. Judged from the second and the third sections of her Tao Sha, it is ra-tional and inevitable that Feng Yuanjun should depict her pain of “love” in a highly autobiographic manner.%为“五四”文坛贡献了《卷葹》、《春痕》、《劫灰》这三部小说集的新文学女作家冯沅君,在此期小说中重点刻绘了女主人公在亲子之爱与情人之爱之间犹豫、彷徨、挣扎的痛苦情状。女主人公在“爱情”中痛苦挣扎的命运和作者自身因受新思潮的影响而具有的反叛性、因母亲之爱而具有的皈依性之间的冲突正相吻合。这种在反叛与眷恋之间的左右摇摆,拔心不死,正反应了“五四”一代刚刚浮出历史地表的女性知识分子在过渡时期的艰难处境。而从冯沅君的《淘沙》(二)(三)来看,她以自叙传色彩浓厚的方式来抒写自己的“爱情”之痛,乃是一种有着理性认知背景的必然。

  20. 东风EQ1166G车制动系统介绍及常见故障排除%Introduction of DongFeng EQ1166G brake system and its common trouble shooting.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋显斌; 王涛

    2001-01-01

    介绍了EQ1166G车制动系统部分制动阀类的功用,针对制动系统较容易出现的故障,进行分析判断,找出引起故障的原因,结合实际提出故障排除的具体方法。%Use of brake valves for brake system in DongFeng EQ1166G isintroduced and its common troubles are analyzed、 diagnosed and removed

  1. 一战期间冯国璋对中德关系的态度转变探析%Analysis of FENG Guo-zhang's Changes in Attitude toward Sino-German Relation during the First World War

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭贺超

    2011-01-01

    During the First World War,China's policy for German went through three stages:neutrality,protesting and breaking off relations,and declaring war.In the last two stages,FENG Guo-zhang's attitude towards Sino-German relation changed twice.In order to mediate the dispute between the Department of State and the Office of the President,FENG Guo-zhang's attitude changed from opposing to fighting against and breaking with German into approving of breaking off relations.At the third stage,FENG Guo-zhang's attitude shifted from being against going to war into strongly advocating participating in the war,which was done to some extent out of the consideration of national long-term interests.In comparison with the first change,the second one is more aggressive.FENG Guo-zhang's two changes in attitude objectively promoted the successful implementation of the policy of protesting and breaking off relations,and declaring war on German.%一战期间,中国对德政策经历中立、抗议绝交、宣战三个阶段,在后两阶段冯国璋态度历经两度转变。冯国璋从调解府院之争的角度出发,由反对抗德绝交转变为赞同绝交;在第三阶段,冯国璋由反对参战到力主参战的转变,一定程度上出于国家长远利益的考量。相较前者而论,冯国璋后者态度转变更具积极进取色彩。冯国璋态度的两次转变客观上催化了北京政府的抗德绝交政策、对德奥宣战政策的顺利实施。

  2. 从《诗经》饮酒诗看周代的酒礼及酒德%Drinking Etiquette and Drinking Manner of the Zhou Dynasty from Drinking Poetry of The Book of Songs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王少良

    2014-01-01

    周代是我国造酒生产发展的重要时期,酒在人们的政治生活和宗教活动中的作用十分重要。《诗经》中有许多作品表现了周代的酿酒、饮酒等活动,这些诗篇的主旨反映出隆礼、重德的文化精神。其中“祭祀诗”反映出酒与周人宗教生活的关系,酒是沟通天人关系的重要媒体;“宴飨诗”直接描写王室贵族的饮宴活动,体现宗族团结、敦结亲情的礼义之道;“农事诗”表现周代春祈秋报的祭祀礼仪,以及酒的生产和使用情况;“谏酒诗”是对饮酒活动的规谏,体现周代酒德观念对生活和行事的约束作用。%the Zhou dynasty was an important period of liquor production development in China,the role of wine in the people’s political life and religious activities is very important.The Book of Songs has many works of Zhou dynasty wine,alcohol and other activities,purpose of these poems reflect the cultural spirit of moral value.The “ritual poem”reflects the relationship between wine and religious life of Zhou dynasty,the wine is an important communication media between man and nature.“Banquets directly depict the royal fami-lies of drinking poetry”,embodies clan unity and affection.“The ritual performance of Zhou dynasty impera-tive autumn spring agricultural production of poetry”,and wine production and use of“exhortation poetry”is for drinking activities against,embody restraint Zhou dynasty morality idea to live and act.

  3. Between Learning and Thought:Zhou Zuoren’ s Acceptance of Cultural Anthropology%在学术与思想之间:周作人对文化人类学的接受

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏永前

    2015-01-01

    In Zhou Zuoren’ s structure of knowledge, cultural anthropology plays a quite important role. During his study in Japan, Zhou Zuoren came into contact with Greek mythology, from which he showed an in-terest in cultural anthropology.As an intellectual of enlightenment, Zhou Zuoren’ s acceptance of cultural an-thropology not only stemmed from academic appeals, but also from the deeper reason of thought.On the for-mer, cultural anthropology provided Zhou with theoretical resources for understanding fairy tales and for explo-ration of literary origin; in terms of the latter, cultural anthropology is both an instrument for him to dissect China’ s chronic social illnesses and a resource to resolve the problems about children.Reviewing the relation-ship between Zhou Zuoren and cultural anthropology can reflect how cultural anthropology was connected with learning and thought before and after the May 4th movement at the beginning of its spread in China.%在周作人的知识结构中,文化人类学占有十分重要的地位。留学日本期间,周作人接触到希腊神话,又因希腊神话对文化人类学产生兴趣。作为启蒙知识分子,周作人对文化人类学的接受不仅有着学术上的诉求,而且有着更深的思想因由。就前者而言,文化人类学为周作人解读童话故事、探究文学起源提供了理论资源;就后者而言,文化人类学既是周作人解剖中国社会痼疾的工具,也是解决儿童问题的主要依凭。对于周作人与文化人类学关系的梳理,可以反映出文化人类学知识在中国传播之初,如何与“五四”前后的学术、思想相勾连。

  4. Generalized Split-Window Algorithm for Estimate of Land Surface Temperature from Chinese Geostationary FengYun Meteorological Satellite (FY-2C Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Xia

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of the radiative transfer theory, this paper addressed the estimate ofLand Surface Temperature (LST from the Chinese first operational geostationarymeteorological satellite-FengYun-2C (FY-2C data in two thermal infrared channels (IR1,10.3-11.3 μ m and IR2, 11.5-12.5 μ m , using the Generalized Split-Window (GSWalgorithm proposed by Wan and Dozier (1996. The coefficients in the GSW algorithmcorresponding to a series of overlapping ranging of the mean emissivity, the atmosphericWater Vapor Content (WVC, and the LST were derived using a statistical regressionmethod from the numerical values simulated with an accurate atmospheric radiativetransfer model MODTRAN 4 over a wide range of atmospheric and surface conditions.The simulation analysis showed that the LST could be estimated by the GSW algorithmwith the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE less than 1 K for the sub-ranges with theViewing Zenith Angle (VZA less than 30° or for the sub-rangs with VZA less than 60°and the atmospheric WVC less than 3.5 g/cm2 provided that the Land Surface Emissivities(LSEs are known. In order to determine the range for the optimum coefficients of theGSW algorithm, the LSEs could be derived from the data in MODIS channels 31 and 32 provided by MODIS/Terra LST product MOD11B1, or be estimated either according tothe land surface classification or using the method proposed by Jiang et al. (2006; and theWVC could be obtained from MODIS total precipitable water product MOD05, or beretrieved using Li et al.’ method (2003. The sensitivity and error analyses in term of theuncertainty of the LSE and WVC as well as the instrumental noise were performed. Inaddition, in order to compare the different formulations of the split-window algorithms,several recently proposed split-window algorithms were used to estimate the LST with thesame simulated FY-2C data. The result of the intercomparsion showed that most of thealgorithms give

  5. 志愿者精神对雷锋精神的传承和发展%Volunteerism: Tradition and Development of Spirit of Lei Feng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏艳丽

    2012-01-01

    志愿者精神与雷锋精神一脉相承,两种精神拥有许多共核,如心存犬爱、奉献为乐等等。但二者也有明显不同。与雷锋的公而忘私相比,当今的志愿者在利他的同时,也尊重自身的意愿和权利,并以付出收获成长。从“毫不利己、专门利人”的雷锋精神到“赠人玫瑰、手有余香”的志愿者群体,服务理念的发展变化体现了以人为本,体现了时代进步,也体现了公民意识的觉醒。本文还提出,志愿服务工作和公民道德建设宜着眼于基础性的道德层面,引导公众从力所能及的善举做起,逐步提升社会文明的整体水平,并要警惕以崇高的名义陷入道德偏执。%Volunteerism and the spirit of Lei Feng have much in common in that they embrace the values such as love and devotion. However, the qualities of volunteerism such as advocates of their own rights and willingness also set them apart. The shift from altruism to the extreme to offering services and improving oneself reflect the progress of our times such as the recognition of self-awareness. It is pointed out volunteerism and ethics development should start with the fundamental level and basic services people can offer to the public to promote the social progress. At the same time, we should shun the trap of moral bigotry in the name of sublime.

  6. The Witchcraft of Praying for Rain of the Sorceress in Shang and Zhou Dynasties%商周时期女巫祈雨巫术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高畅

    2015-01-01

    在以农耕生产为经济支柱且生产力不够发达的商周社会,风调雨顺往往意味着农业的丰收、人民生活的安康乃至国家政权的稳定,因此,祈雨禳灾成为当时最重要的宗教活动之一。商周时期的女巫在两大祈雨仪式雩祀和燎祭中发挥了十分重要的作用,但祈雨仪式中她们并不处于垄断地位,无论是女巫本身还是她们的祈雨巫术,都是可以被君主替代的。%The ceremony of praying for rain to eliminate the disaster has become one of the most impor‐tant religious activities because the rich rain often lead to the agricultural harvest and the stable life 、solid state power in Shang and Zhou Dynasties when is the farming production as the pillar of the economy and without advanced productivity .Sorceress play a very important role in the two rain praying ceremonies“Dancing Sacrifice” and“Fire Sacrifice”but without a monopoly position for the reasons that they can be replaced by monarch both themselves and their rain witchcraft .

  7. GuangZhou Comprehensive Transportation Development Strategy (2010-2020)%广州市综合交通发展战略(2010-2020)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马小毅

    2011-01-01

    Being a national major city, GuangZhou needs to establish its comprehensive transportation development strategies.By introducing the regional transportation structure, traffic demand and supply in the urban areas, public transportation competitiveness, and traffic management system, this paper outlines the characteristics of urban traffic patterns and discusses the opportunities and challenges facing the city from the perspective of central district development and public transit service. Two key policies are developed emphasizing public transit and transportation infrastructure under the sustainable transportation development guidance for a sharing, efficient, green, and equality system. The paper proposes a transportation development strategy with concrete details that focus on integration, differentiation, collectiveness, and refinement.%为加快打造国家中心城市,广州市亟须制定相应的综合交通发展战略.从区域交通运输结构、城市交通供需态势、公共交通竞争力、交通管理机制四方面阐述了城市交通特征.重点从强化区域中心地位和建设现代公交都市角度分析了广州市城市交通面临的机遇与挑战.在构建"共享、畅达、绿色、公平"的和谐交通体系战略目标指引下,制定了交通设施引领和公共交通优先两大核心政策,并提出一体化、差异化、集约化和精细化四大交通战略及其具体内容.

  8. The extraction and purification process of Qing Feng Teng in the Compound Qufeng sustained - release tablets%复方祛风缓释片中青风藤的提取纯化工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方达任; 张志

    2011-01-01

    目的 优选复方祛风缓释片中青风藤的提取纯化工艺.方法 以青藤碱作为指标,采用正交试验和单因素相结合的方法优选青风藤提取纯化工艺.结果 青藤碱最佳提取工艺为:70%的乙醇6倍量提取2次,每次2h;纯化工艺为:加1% HCl调pH值为2,氯仿萃取5次.结论 该提取纯化工艺科学、合理.%Objective Optimization of the extraction and purification process of Qing Feng Teng in the Compound Qufeng sustained -release tablets. Method With sinomenine as an indicator,orthogonal test and single factors combined to optimize of extraction and purification process of Qing Feng Teng. Result The best extraction of Sinomenine is; 70% ethanol 6 times capacity of Caulis Sinomenii, extracted 2 times, 2 hours per time;the purification technology are; using dilute HC1 to adjust PH to 2, then adding chloroform to extract 5 times. Conclusion The extraction and purification is scientific and rational.

  9. Clinical Study on Treatment of 85 Cases of Gouty Arthritis with Tong Feng Lotion%痛风洗剂治疗痛风性关节炎85例临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张史昭; 马红珍; 李学铭

    2001-01-01

    150例患者分为两组,分别应用痛风洗剂(85例)及扶他林洗剂(65例)外用治疗,结果显示中药痛风洗剂对痛风患者具有改善临床症状及关节功能的作用,能降低血沉、C反应蛋白、血尿酸及血液粘度。治疗组总有效率为89.41%,与对照组(75.38%)比较差异有显著性(P<0.05)。无毒副作用,且治疗效果与中医证型无明显关系。%One hundred and fifty cases of gouty arthritis were divided into two groups.Treatment group(85 cases) were treated with Tong Feng lotion and control group(65 cases) with external application of Voltaren. Results indicated that Tong Feng lotion could improve clinical symptoms and function of joints, and decrease blood sedimentation,reaction protien C,blood uric acid and blood viscosity; the total effective rate was 89.42% in the treatment group and 75.38% in the control group, with significant difference between the two groups(P<0.05); there was no obvious relation between therapeutic effects and TCM syndrome types.

  10. 丰子恺音乐理论著述对我国近代音乐的影响%On the Influence of Feng Zikai’ s Writings of Music Theory on China’ s Modern Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建东

    2015-01-01

    Feng Zikai’ s music writings cover various aspects including introductions to Western mu-sicians and their works, Western music history, music aesthetic education, music technological the-ories and musical aesthetics.Through the translation of Western music theories, Feng Zikai has made an outstanding contribution to the public understanding of the Western music in China, sinici-zation of Western music aesthetic theories as well as the specification and promotion of music educa-tion in schools, thus pushes the historical process of eastward flowing of the Western music as a whole.%丰子恺音乐著述的内容涉及西方音乐家及其作品介绍、西方音乐史、音乐审美教育、音乐技术理论、音乐美学等方面。丰子恺通过西方音乐理论的译介,对我国社会民众了解西方音乐、对西方音乐美学理论的中国化实践、对规范与提升学校音乐教育等方面均做出了突出的贡献,进而整体推动了我国社会“西乐东渐”的历史进程。

  11. A Research on Multiple Implications of Fomalhaut's Image in Feng Ge's Cang Hai%凤歌《沧海》"北落师门"形象的多重意蕴初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘中望

    2009-01-01

    On levels of text structure, image tune, referential meaning, Fomalhaut's animal image in Feng Ge's fiction Cang Hai loads multiple implications. It enhances the overall sense of the fiction, deepens mysterious color, generates deep meaning reference, conveys the global viewpoint on the relationship between Chinese and Western cultures, modernity, world image, etc, which reflects the unique features of Cang Hai and Feng Ge's continued innovation ability.%在文本结构、形象调性、意义指涉等层面,凤歌中"北落师门"动物形象具有多重意蕴:增强作品的一体感,凸显全书的玄幻性,生成深层的意义指涉,体现对中西文化关系、现代性、世界图景等的全球化思考,这反映了的独特魅力、凤歌的持续创新能力.

  12. Indoor breeding Zhou Tetrastichus white moth pupation (former) cryopreservation of%室内繁育白蛾周氏啮小蜂化蛹(前)低温保存的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钮效东; 刘发邦; 王绍文; 冯敬奎; 谢广科; 李增磊; 谭翠朋

    2012-01-01

    Zhou Nie small white moth colony set in the fall webworm pupae in parasitic, their eggs, larvae, pupae and eggs are in the early pupa inside the host spent. In nature, the mature larvae overwinter in the host pupa. After many years of research we learned that the local white moth Zhou Tetrastichus developmental threshold temperature: 6.28℃ (6.28 ± 0.60) effective temperature is: 365.12 day--degrees (365.12 ± 15.56). Zhou Tetrastichus white moth pupation (front), 6 degrees of cold storage in the next, after 30 days; a bee on the effective temperature of 436.6 degrees.%白蛾周氏啮小蜂群集内寄生于美国白蛾蛹中,其卵、幼虫、蛹及产卵前期均在寄主蛹内度过。在自然界中,以老熟幼虫在寄主蛹内越冬。作者经多年研究得知,在当地白蛾周氏啮小蜂发育起点温度是:6.28℃(6.28±0.60);有效积温是:365.12日度(365.12±15.56)。白蛾周氏啮小蜂化蛹(前),在6℃的低温保存下,历经30天的时间;出蜂的有效积温为436.6日度。

  13. 军事地理环境与北宋时期秦州经济的发展特点%The Military Geographical Enviroment and The Economic Development Characteristics of Qin Zhou in Northern Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小敏

    2012-01-01

    The natural environment and the inhabited of ethnic minorities made the development of farming, forestry and animal husbandry in Qin Zhou During the Northern Song Dynasty, which made it became rich and populous areas in northwest china. However, The economic development in Qin Zhou was influenced by military geographic environments and many complex elements, presented its special characteristics: on the one hand ,the continuous invading by Tibetan and Xixia restrained the economic development of Qin Zhou. A large number trees was cut that broken the forest resource. Where Cultivated Land weaken the animal husbandry development .on the other hand, The soldiers and civilians in the area resettlement dynasty putting the exploited and the utihzed to the uncultivated land. The Officer and private trade made the areas appeared the sights of business prosperous.%北宋时期的秦州,自然环境、民族聚居使其农林牧业发达,成为西北富庶之地。然而,受军事地理环境诸多复杂因素的影响,秦州经济又呈现出自己的特点:一方面,吐蕃诸族和西夏的侵扰,抑制了秦州农业的可持续发展,大量采伐破坏了秦州的林木资源,土地的开垦削弱了畜牧业;另一方面,军民屯田使秦州的荒闲土地得到了开发和利用,官私贸易使秦州的商业一派繁荣景象,大量驻军使秦州酿酒业极其发达。

  14. Application of ERS in the Archaeological Prospecting of the Eastern Zhou City-site at Shangqiu%高密度电阻率法在商丘东周城址考古勘探中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高立兵; 阎永利; 底青云; 王若

    2004-01-01

    In the Shangqiu area, the Sino-Americal Colleborative Archaeological Team has carried out a series of researches on archaeological prospecting. In the spring of 1997, important achievements were obtained in the exploration of the Eastern Zhou city-site southwest of the seat of Shangqiu County by using ERS. In combination with voluminous documents, the present paper introduces this method as to its development, application in archaeology, apparatus equipment, data gathering and inversion imaging. Through studies it can be concluded that ERS has shown its effectiveness for prospecting rammed-ear thstructures in the sedimentary circumstances of the Shangqiu area. But at present its role in archaeological survey is still limited.

  15. 河南偃师商城18号东周墓%Tomb No. 18 of the Eastern Zhou Period on the Shang City-site in Yanshi, Henan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国社会科学院考古研究所河南第二工作队

    2003-01-01

    In 1996, the Second Henan Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, excavated a tomb of the Eastern Zhou period in the northeast of the Shang city-site in Yanshi. The tomb is a rectangular earthen pit and features erected stakes around the pit. The wooden coffin contains a human skeleton in a flexed supine position. The funeral objects fall into two categories: pottery vessels and wooden ones. The former numbers six; and the latter, 13, poorer in condition. The tomb dates from the Spring-and-Autumn period and may be cultural remains of the "Shi clan." Its discovery has certain significance to studying the date and nature of the Shang city in Yanshi.

  16. 丰子恺的佛学价值取向初探%Feng Zikai’s Orientation of Budhist Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉祥华

    2015-01-01

    丰子恺推重佛学,是受弘一法师的影响,但是他的佛学思想比较驳杂,华严宗、法相宗、净土宗、禅宗、律宗等在其身上都有所体现。丰子恺信佛但不迷信佛,不是为了成佛,更不是为了获得与佛同在的最高幸福。他信佛的目的只有一个,那就是“以精神生活代替物质生活”。在他的眼里,佛只是一种最高的人格境界。佛教的“无我说”乃苦难的解脱之道。“无我”首先要抛弃“我私我欲”的贪念,正是在这一基点上,丰子恺毕生笃守佛家信念,并身体力行致力于个人品性的修炼。丰子恺对佛教中的迷信部分始终是否定的,他强调直接用心灵与佛陀的精神进行“对话”,去理解佛陀物我一体的慈悲心和四大皆空的基本义,这无疑与“五四”时代对待宗教的态度是一致的。%Influenced by Master Hong Yi,Feng Zikai has high regard for Buddhism,but his Buddhist thoughts are more complex,which embodied Huayan School,Hossoshu,Pure-land School,Zen,Vinaya School,and so on.Though he trusts in Buddhism,he has neither blind faith on it nor becomes a Buddha,even nor obtains the supreme happiness of being with Buddha.It is “to substitute the spiritual life for the material life”that is his only purpose.Buddhism,in which “the Theory of Anatman”is the way to relieve oneself from suffering,is only the supreme realm of personality in his mind.Being “anatman”,one must firstly abandon “oneself and his desires”,in which he keeps his belief all his life and cultivates his personality with his practice.He keeps a negative attitude to the superstition belief in Buddhism,and emphasizes the direct dialogue between one’s soul and the spirit of Buddha to understand Buddha’s compassion of “the integrity of oneself and the universe”and the essential meaning of “being void of vanities”,which is undoubtedly consistent with the attitude towards religions

  17. André Baudrit. Bétail humain, la traite des femmes et des enfants en Indochine et en Chine du Sud, suivi de onze documents sur l’esclavage (1860-1940, Nicolas Lainez et Pierre Le Roux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Tracol-Huynh

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available L’ensemble des articles constituant ce livre sont parus pour la première fois en 1941 sous le titre « La Femme et l’enfant dans l’Indochine française et dans la Chine du Sud (rapt – vente – infanticide » dans le Bulletin de la Société des études indochinoises (Sài Gòn. La première édition regroupée en un ouvrage est publiée en 1943 aux éditions de la Société des Imprimeries et Librairies Indochinoises (Sài Gòn et sera rééditée deux ans plus tard.Nicolas Lainez, doctorant en anthropologie à...

  18. KINESIOLOGY- THE SCIENCE OF MOVEMENT in Relation to Education, Hygiene and Therapy. A piece of the legacy of Nicolas Dally (1795-1862 for contemporary kinesiology scholars and professionals

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    Franjo Prot

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Kinesiology has recently gained full worldwide credibility as an academic discipline in the field of human movement and exercise practice in the area of education, sport, recreation and kinesitherapy, becoming a proper denominator for the field of sport or exercise science. It seems almost compulsory that on the occasion of the introduction of the first issue of Annales Kinesiologiae, a new scientific journal in the field, to remember and speak about Nicolas Dally and his work. In this paper a short biography of the forefather of KINESIOLOGY, or CINÉSIOLOGIE, will be presented as well as how Dally introduced the term and the concept in his book from 1857. It is presented and integrated with some newly available illustrative material. Dally’s bibliography based on resources of worldwide relevant library catalogues is added to the references.

  19. Zhou Rudeng’s Edits on the History of Heart-Mind SchooI%周汝登对“心学之史”的编撰

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王格

    2016-01-01

    It is necessary to edit the history of Heart-Mind School ( Xin-Xue) during the Wanli period of Ming Dynasty for the orthodoxy problem faced by Wang School.Zhou Rudeng did a lot of contributions in this aspect, including writing Wang Men Zong Zhi, Sheng Xue Zong Chuan, and Cheng Men Wei Zhi.Wang Men Zong Zhi ensured the orthodox position of Wang Ji in Wang School;Sheng Xue Zong Chuan guaranteed the orthodox position of Wang School of this kind in the Confucian tradition;while Cheng Men Wei Zhi discussed the position of Cheng Brothers in the orthodox genealogy.In fact, these three works show us a history of the Heart-Mind School characterized by emphasizing both xin ( heart-mind) and shi ( history) in light of the or-thodox perspective.%明代王学发展至万历时期,必须面对儒家道统地位的问题,作为道统叙事形式的“心学之史”之编撰因此十分必要。王学学者周汝登为此作出了不遗余力的努力,其中包括《王门宗旨》《圣学宗传》以及《程门微旨》等篇幅大小不一的著述。《王门宗旨》树立王畿一系学说思想在王门中的正统地位,而《圣学宗传》主要树立起这样的“王学”在儒学中的正统地位,《程门微旨》则是对正统谱系中如何安置“二程”的一个重要的补充说明。现在前人零散且不充分的研究基础上,具体而细致地考察这三部书的编撰理路及其功用、效果等,由此展示王门心学道统观之下的“心学之史”的心、史并重和交融的特色。

  20. Farming of Guanzhong in Zhou Royal Period Evidenced in The Book of Songs%《诗经》所见周秦关中农事

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈正奇; 高谨

    2015-01-01

    《诗经》是我国第一部诗歌总集,从各个方面描绘了西周至春秋时期的社会和生活状况。其中,农事诗占有重要地位,它涉及到农业生产的各个方面,既有认识层面的问题,也有操作层面的问题。但由于年代久远,加之资料有限,很多问题至今仍存争议。诸如农事发端,农作物名称的变化,粟、稷、禾、黍究竟指的是什么;再如生产工具的变迁,耒和耜是不是同一种生产农具;耦耕是怎样一种耕作方式等。文章仅就上述问题,作物品种类属,生产工具类别,耕作方法的种类作以论述,以求对见诸《诗经》的关中农业有一表象的认识。%The Book of Songs (Shijing) is the first collection of poetry in China ,which offers a panoramic depiction of life and society of the Zhou and the Periods of Spring and Autumn .One impressive aspect of the poems is the emphasis on farming life ,the accounts of w hich concern both the notions and the opera‐tions of farming .Up till now ,due to the long span of time and the limited availability of references ,there still remain many disputable issues in terms of the beginning of farming ,the changes in naming crops ,the exact referents by the w ords“su ,ji ,he ,shu” ,the evolutions of farming tools ,such as the identification of “lai”and“lü” ,and the method by“ougeng” .Ours is an attempt to address the above-mentioned issues in terms of classification of crops ,farming tools ,tillage methods as evidenced in T he Book of Songs .

  1. Découverte à Paris d’un plafond peint à décor de singeries attribué à Claude III Audran, Antoine Watteau et Nicolas Lancret

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    Christelle Inizan

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available La récente découverte d’un plafond peint à décor de singeries est venue enrichir notre connaissance de l’art décoratif parisien de la fin du règne de Louis XIV. L’étude de cette œuvre de grande qualité artistique, admirablement conservée, bien que modeste de proportion, a permis d’identifier deux des peintres : Claude III Audran et Antoine Watteau, et de proposer une troisième main : Nicolas Lancret. La date avancée de 1713 éclaire d’un jour nouveau la période de collaboration de ces artistes et replace cette réalisation décorative dans le contexte politique, culturel et artistique du quartier Saint-Germain, deux ans avant la Régence.The recent discovery of a rare ceiling painting in the way of the « décor de singeries » has enriched our knowledge of the ornemental Parisian art dating of the end of the Louis XIV’s reign. The study of this work, with great artistic quality, perfectly perserved, though modestly sized, allows us to identify two of the painters: Claude III Audran and Antoine Watteau; and enables us to put forward a third hand: Nicolas Lancret. The suggested date of 1713 provides us with a new theory on the period of theses artistes’ collaboration and replaces this decorative creation in the political, artistic and cultural context of Saint-Germain’s district, two years before Regence.

  2. Maestro di Pico i iluminacije u inkunabuli De Civitate Dei (Nicolas Jenson, Venecija, 1475. u samostanu Sv. Duje u Kraju na Pašmanu

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    Bojan Goja

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available U franjevačkom samostanu Sv. Duje u Kraju na otoku Pašmanu čuva se inkunabula „O državi Božjoj“ (De Civitate Dei Sv. Aurelija Augustina koju je 1475. godine u Veneciji tiskao Nicolas Jenson. Inkunabula je na f. 17 (kako je naknadno označena paginacija grafitnom olovkom, tj. stranici incipita – liber primus kao i na više drugih stranica ukrašena lijepim višebojnim iluminacijama renesansnih stilskih karakteristika izrađenih temperom, zlatnim listićima, zlatnim prahom, sepijom, tintom i akvarelom. Iluminacije f. 17 sastoje se od dva fitomorfna inicijala, dekorativnog okvira i slobodnih figurativnih prizora tj. minijatura, dok su pojedine druge stranice ukrašene fitomorfnim i brojnim inicijala tipa littera notabilior visine dva retka izrađenima u crvenoj ili plavoj boji. Dekorativni ornamentirani okvir zaključen trolistima ispunjava gornju i lijevu marginu početne stranice. Osnovu dekoracije čini traka sastavljena od pet tankih linija koja se spiralno povija i tvori kružnice koje su ispunjene cvjetovima, listovima i bobicama u plavoj i zelenoj boji i boji ciklame te stiliziranim zlatnim cvjetovima čička (lat. Arctium lappa; pojedini autori nazivaju ove ukrasne motive bottoni dorati ili gold dots. U gornjem lijevom uglu okvira naslikan je češljugar. Na mjestu gdje započinje tekst lijevog stupca naslikan je unutar pravokutnog polja na zlatnoj pozadini inicijal „I“ sastavljen od fitomorfnih motiva plave, zelene i boje ciklame s osjenčanjima u različitim nijansama. Unutar dekorativnog okvira, na sredini visine inicijala, nalazi se medaljon unutar kojeg je naslikano poprsje Sv. Aurelija Augustina. Dekorativni ornamentirani okvir koji ispunjava gornju marginu ukrašen je na isti način kao i onaj uz desnu ali skromnije. Ime tiskara dodatno je naznačeno tako da je sa gornje i donje strane okvira ukrašeno sa po jednim stiliziranim zlatnim cvijetom čička sa gornje i češljugovine (lat. Dipsacus fullonum sa donje strane

  3. 下梅古村落风水意象及养生内涵的解读%Mei Feng Shui Ancient Villages under the Imagery and Health Connotation Interpretation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周世辉

    2015-01-01

    This article through the analysis of carding mei feng shui cultural resources of ancient villages under the living experience, analyzes in cas fukang "content" under the guidance of the concept, more than five hundred to more than sixty kinds of surname how an ancient village of three thousand generations live in this is subject to ex-plore and crack in this paper.%笔者通过分析梳理下梅古村落风水人文资源中的养生经验, 剖析在"物阜民安"理念指导下,500多户60多种姓氏近3 000人口的古村落如何世代在此安居乐业,并对此逐一进行探究和解读.

  4. 冯金福教授半导体电子输运研究工作评述%A Review of Professor Feng Jin-Fu’s Research on the Electronic Transport Properties of Semiconductor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉申

    2014-01-01

    This paper conducts a review of Professor Feng Jin-fu’s research on the field of the electronic trans-port properties of semiconductor from four aspects: spatial modulation differential reflectance spectroscopy, quan-tum theory of mesoscopic electrical circuit, quantum transport properties of quantum dot and DNA and spin char-acteristic of quantum dot.%从空间调制微分反射光谱、介观电路的量子力学处理、量子点和DNA的量子输运性质、量子点的自旋特性四个方面介绍了冯金福教授开展的在半导体电子输运领域所做的工作。

  5. 论冯契广义认识论中的两条认识进路%On the two Approaches of Cognition in Feng Qi's General Epistemology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章伟

    2012-01-01

    传统马克思主义哲学教材无外是沿着"感性经验—理论思维—具体真理"进路对认识论进行阐述。这一认识进路克服了先验论和经验论的缺陷,但也存在诸多弊端;特别是其淡化了主体自由人格的发展。而在冯契的广义认识论中,除传统认识进路以外,还突显出"认知—评价—理想"进路。它对前者的不足有所克服。比较这两条认识进路,可以进一步挖掘冯契对认识论的独特贡献。%The traditional materials of Marxist philosophy demonstrated the epistemology only along the approach of 'perceptual experience-theoretic thinking-specific truth'.This approach of cognition has overcome the defects of apriorism and empiricism,but still some shortcomings in it;it has neglected especially the development of the free personality.On the contrary,it is in Feng Qi's General Epistemology that an other approach is prominent besides the traditional one,named'cognition-valuation-ideal',which resolves the troubles of the former to some extent.We can go further into the special contribution of the epistemology from Feng Qi by contrasting them.

  6. ZhengQing FengTongNing injection iontophoresis treatment of rheumatoid arthritis%正清风痛宁注射液离子导入治疗风湿性关节炎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娅娟

    2013-01-01

      目的 临床应用正清风痛宁注射液离子导入法治疗风湿性关节炎,观察其临床疗效及进行安全评估.方法将60例临床诊断风湿性关节炎患者随机双盲分为治疗组与对照组,每组各30例;对照组予细胞毒药物+糖皮质激素+非甾体类抗炎药联合治疗,治疗组在对照组基础上加用正清风痛宁注射液离子导入治疗,治疗1个月后,观察两组治疗疗效及不良反应.结果治疗组在临床疗效上优于对照组(P 0.05).结论正清风痛宁注射液离子导入治疗风湿性关节炎具有临床实用意义.%Objective ZhengQing FengTongNing injection iontophoresis treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Methods 60 patients with clinical diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis patients were randomly divided into treatment group and control group 30 cases each,after 1 month of therapy group to observe the curative effect and adverse reaction.Results he treatment group was better than control group in the clinical curative effect(P < 0.05). Conclusion ZhengQing FengTongNing injection iontophoresis treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is safe and effective.

  7. 周文泉运用当归六黄汤治疗多汗证经验%Experience of ZHOU Wen-quan in treating hyperhidrosis by using Danggui Liuhuang Tang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晋; 辛莉

    2011-01-01

    周文泉教授是第4批全国老中医药专家学术继承指导老师,从医40余年,对老年病治验颇丰,尤其在遣方用药方面,独具匠心,辨析周师活用当归六黄汤治疗多汗证,灵活运用泻火、固表、滋阴3方面药物,将主治阴虚盗汗名方,广泛应用于暑湿、气虚多汗证,取得了较好的疗效.%Professor ZHOU Wen-quan is famous veteran expert in TCM. He has plenty of experience and notable curative effect in treating senile diseases, especially in distinctively using formulas and Chinese herbal medicine. This article analysis how professor ZHOU to use Dang Gui Liu Huang Tang in treating hyperhidrosis, which not only in yin-deficiency syndrome night sweat as usual, but also in summer-heat and dampness syndrome sweet, qi-deficiency syndrome spontaneous sweat and the efficiency is good.

  8. 周仲瑛教授防治病毒感染性疾病学术思想探析(二)%On Academic Thought of Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying About Preventing and Treating Virus-infected Disease Ⅱ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭立中; 金妙文; 王志英; 周学平; 叶放; 朱垚; 金路; 李柳

    2011-01-01

    国医大师周仲瑛教授根据传染性非典型肺炎(SARS)具有潜伏期、病情重、传变快、成年人多发等特点,认为该病是先有伏毒在肺,后因新感而引发,并按三焦传变分为早、中、极、恢复期等4期进行辨治.对甲型H1N1流感的预防,周老提出重在芳香宣透、辟秽化浊,并分为大众及密切接触者2个层次,分别采用中药香囊及汤剂区别对待.%According to the characteristics of Severe acute respiratory syndromes (SARS) like incubation period, heavy condition, fast progressing and adult attack, Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying holds the opinion that it is due to latent pathogens in lung, caused by new exopathogenic invasion, and develops through triple energizers. He diagnoses this disease according to early, intermediate, advanced and recovery stages. For the prevention of Pandemic influenza A (N1H1), Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying lays emphasis on removing dampness and regulating qi with fragrant herbs. Meanwhile, the public and close contacts are treated with TCM sachet and decoction respectively.

  9. Zhou Zuo-ren's View on Nature and The Literary Mind and Carving of Dragons%周作人的“自然”观与《文心雕龙》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    权绘锦

    2011-01-01

    "自然"在周作人的文学批评中占据着核心位置。它既是对以《文心雕龙》为代表的传统文论的继承,又经过了具有现代意义和个性的改造。文章旨在厘清二者之间既有相同之处,又存在显著差异的复杂关系,阐明现代文学批评与传统文论之间割舍不断的历史连续性。%"Nature"occupies a core position in Zhou Zuo-ren's literary criticism.It is the succession of traditional literary theory represented by The Literary Mind and Carving of Dragons,also refined by Zhou Zuo-ren.This paper aims to clear up the complex relation

  10. 周作人《过去的生命》中“人的文学”观的体现%On the Ideas of“Human Literature” in Zhou Zuo-ren’s The Past Li f e

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昌忠

    2014-01-01

    在“五四”文学革命期间,周作人提出了“人的文学”的重要文学命题,与此同时,周作人还创作了诗集《过去的生命》中的诗歌。《过去的生命》主要体现了周作人“人的文学”观中的三方面重要内容:“人道主义为本”、“个人主义的人间本位主义”、“求生意志”和“求胜意志”。%During the literary revolution of May Fourth Movement ,Zhou Zuo-ren proposed an im-portant literary proposition ,i e. .“human literature” .Meanwhile ,Zhou created his poems collected in The Past Life .This collection mainly embodies three important aspects in Zhou’s ideas of“human lit-erature” ,i e. .“with humanitarianism first” ,“worldly selfish departmentalism out of individualism” ,“survival will” and“winning will” .

  11. 商周时期原始瓷的中子活化分析及相关问题讨论%INAA of Shang-Zhou Period Proto-porcelain and a Discussion of Related Problems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈铁梅; Rapp G.Jr.; 荆志淳

    2003-01-01

    Previously the authors studied proto-porcelain samples from early and middle Shang sites (Wucheng, Zhengzhou, Jingnansi, Panlongcheng and Tonggushan) by means of instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) . The results showed them to have a similar chemical composition pattern, which suggested that these proto-porcelain shards might have been produced in the same area around Wucheng. In the present paper, the authors report their new analysis on proto-porcelain shards from sites of middle Shang to early Zhou times (Xiaoshuangqiao, Anyang Yinxu, Zhouyuan, Liulihe and Zhangjiapo). For the samples later than the middle Yinxu period, new composition patterns are detected, which indicates diversity in their provenance. The significantly lower Fe2O3 and lower Tio2 contents of these later samples demonstrate the advance of then proto-porcelain industry. Two samples from Zhouyuan with Al2O3 contents higher than 25% seem to suggest that in addition to porcelain stone other materials might also have been used in proto-porcelain production in the Western Zhou period.

  12. Intemet-Based Analysis on Wedding Dress Brand Building in Su Zhou%基于互联网平台的苏州婚纱品牌创建之探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖苏

    2012-01-01

    Currently, wedding dress industry in Su Zhou has been developing with problems like brand confusion, different qualities of products, fierce competition and lack of brand awareness. Wedding dress businesses shall be aware of building brands and operate brand marketing to better boost the feature industry in Su Zhou. In addition, according to reality, companies shaLl make full use of opportunities offered by the intemet, choose the proper pattern to develop brands and create famous brands.%当前,苏州婚纱产业在发展过程中存在着品牌混乱、产品良莠不齐,竞争激烈,众多婚纱企业缺乏品牌意识等问题。为了更好地将这苏州特色产业进行发展,婚纱企业应树立品牌意识。注重创建婚纱品牌,开展品牌营销。同时,在创建品牌过程中,苏州的婚纱企业应根据各自的实际,充分利用互联网带来的各种机遇,选择正确的品牌创建方式,争创名牌。

  13. 兰州农村面源污染现状及防治对策分析%The Analysis of the Rural Non-point Source Pollution Situation and Countermeasures in Lan Zhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂洪杰; 赵军平; 杜海霞; 张君弟; 刘佳

    2011-01-01

    文中在兰州统计年鉴的基础上,根据面源污染来源,分析了农业、畜牧业、生产和生活活动的危害,初步估算了主要面源污染物的流失量。并根据兰州市农村具体情况提出了相应的保护和控制措施,旨在为解决农村面源污染问题和保护农村生态环境提供借鉴。%In this paper,on the basis of Lan Zhou statistical yearbook,We analyzed the dangers of agriculture,animal husbandry,production activities and life activities according to the sources of rural non-point pollution,and then,we preliminary estimate the loss of the main non-point pollutant.In order to Provide reference for solving the problem of non-point pollution and the rural ecological environment protection,we put forward the corresponding protection and control measures,according to the specific situation of Lan Zhou countryside.

  14. Date identification of the Zhouji materials during the period of King Xin--The chronology Solving method of oracle boneS and bronzes in the Shang and Zhou dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI; Yong(李勇)

    2002-01-01

    By identifying the dates of the Zhouji materials (one kind of oracle bone) during the period of King Xin (also called Zhou the last monarch in Shang Dynasty), this paper establishes a new "Direct Solving Method" (DSM) to solve the chronology problems in the Shang and Zhou dynasties. The mathematical models are more suitable for those materials with the Ganzhi (the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches, the Chinese ancient date recorded method being of the 60-day cycle, that the repetitive cycle is independent of any astronomical parameter, each day within this cycle has its own name and can also be expressed by the numbers from l to 60) record of the date, lunar month, and their year intervals and all of them are in history documents, oracle bones and bronze vessels. For example, taking the 12 Zhouji materials in the period of King Xin,we derive the two best results of the first year when Xin assumed the reins of government in probably 1063 BC or 1052 BC.

  15. 14C Chronological Framework in the "Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project"%夏商周断代工程中的碳十四年代框架

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仇士华; 蔡莲珍

    2001-01-01

    The reliable dates Chinese historians recorded begin only from 841 BC. For the prehistoric chronology, radiocarbon dating has been an important method; but for historic times, it is difficult to determine the dates of objects and events. Recently, the technique of radiocarbon dating has been greatly improved by raising its precision and by adopting the high-precision 14C-dendrochronology curve and AMS 14C method, owing to which as well as the progress of archaeology it is hopeful to establish today the framework of Xia-Shang-Zhou chronology. By using a liquid scintillation counter with the measuring error less than 3‰ for conventional radiocarbon dating and wiggle-matching with calibration-curve, our dating group has achieved gratifying results for the chronological study of the Three Dynasties. The basis of the chronological framework is estabilished through radiocarbon dating of the series of samples excavated from many well-known sites. Finally, the radiocarbon chronological framework and corresponding table of the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties are acquired through synthetical study.

  16. A Look into Zhou Qufei's Empirical Spirits and Cognition Lmitations Based on "Ling Wai Dai Da"%从《岭外代答》看周去非的实证精神及认识局限

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温玉珍

    2012-01-01

    周去非的《岭外代答》不仅追溯历史,引经据典,还留心日常生活,记录耳闻目睹,对民风民俗亲自考证,表现出可贵的实证精神。然而,记录民俗也有主观臆断、轻率推理与缺乏理性之处。其中,表现出对少数民族风俗的鄙夷、对少数民族彪悍易杀性格的夸大等,都与时代的局限和周去非个人的身份及地位有关。%"Ling Wai Dai Da", by Zhou Qufei gives an account of his quoting the classics and tracing history as well as his attention to the daily life, the record of what he had witnessed or heard about, and his empirical studies on folk customs. However, the record of folk customs contains some subjective assumptions, haste inference and lack of rational reflections, which are embodied in the disdain and misinterpretation for the ethnic folk customs and exaggeration of the fierceness of the ethnic people. These are all associated with the times and the individual identity and status of Zhou Qufei.

  17. Research on Zhou Enlai's Personal Charisma and the Shaping of Youth College Students' Personality%周恩来的人格魅力与青年大学生的人格塑造研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王茜

    2014-01-01

    Among the CCP leaders,Zhou Enlai possesses the most attractive personal charisma undoubtedly.His lofty benevolence, righteousness,intelligence and courage,as well as extraordinary magnanimity and talent,epitomize the excellent quality of Chinese communists and the Chinese nation.Zhou Enlai's personality thought is of great realistic guiding significance to the training and shaping of contemporary college students' personality.%在中国共产党的领袖群体中,周恩来的人格无疑是最具魅力的。他大仁大义,大智大勇,具有超凡的气度和才华,集中体现了中国共产党人和中华民族的优秀品质。周恩来的人格思想对当代大学生人格素质的培养与塑造,具有极为重要的现实指导意义。

  18. The Political Bias:A Study of the Communication Ideas of the Scholars in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty%政治的偏向:东周诸子传播思想研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘天波

    2014-01-01

    The scholars,who all happened to give priority to the oral culture in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, found out the truth and communication ideas in the oral media,displaying obviously a kind of general political concern. In other words,the scholars in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty,from the standpoint of the countries,tried to turn themselves into the“speakers”of the political thought while attaching the ethical stipulations and moral norms to the oral communication. These scholars as the main body of the political communication are found to be extraordinarily pious and awed to the oral culture,which not only witnesses the rational spirit and the practical effectiveness of oral communication,but displays the political bias that could be trusted and tolerated as well. The insight into the scholars’“bite of politics”in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty will be of great benefit to the strate-gic choice of contemporary media communication and the cultural construction of political communication.%在东周,诸子都不约而同地倚重口传文化。他们在口传媒介中发现真理与传播思想,并明显呈现出一种普遍的政治关怀。换言之,东周诸子基于国家的立场,力图把自己变成政治思想的“说话人”,并对口头传播赋予严格的伦理规约与道德规范。作为政治传播主体的东周诸子对口传文化非同寻常地虔诚与敬畏,它不仅见证口头传播的理性精神与实践效力,还表现出被信赖与宽容的政治偏向。洞悉东周诸子“舌尖上的政治”有补于当代新媒体传播的策略选择以及政治传播的文化建设。

  19. To Converse with the “World”:Ecological Interpretation of Zhou Tao’s Prose%与“世界”对话--周涛散文的生态学阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王炳欣

    2016-01-01

    As a representative of “west prose”, Zhou Tao frees prose from his “own garden” and “social cage” in the natural sceneries he depicts in his works, which greatly enlarges the “world” presented in prose. From ecological point of view, Zhou Tao’s prose on the one hand collectively shows the wounds and sicknesses of the natural world that has been “dominated” by humans, on the other depicts a bleak picture of human spirit in modern times. Faced with the double challenge of survival, Zhou Tao keeps resisting the process of “world visualizing” with an artistic thinking, and actively takes a dialogue attitude to break the conlfict between humans and nature, which embellishes his prose with a power of “returning”.%作为“西部散文”的代表,周涛借助他所描写的西部自然,将散文从“自己的园地”和“社会的牢笼”中解放出来,极大地扩展了散文所表现的“世界”。从生态学角度来看,周涛的散文一方面集中展示了人类“主宰”下自然世界的千疮百孔,另一方面也描绘出一幅现代人精神上的荒凉图景。在生存的双重危机面前,周涛在散文中以一种艺术的思维抵抗着“世界的图像化”进程,并主动以对话的态度去打破人与自然的对立使得周涛的散文表现出一种“回归”的力量。

  20. 个人主义视域下的“人情物理”观——30年代周作人个人主义与儒家思想研究之一%Human Feelings and Common Sense from the Perspective of Individualism —A Study on the Relationship Between Zhou Zuoren's Individualism and the Confucianism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林强

    2011-01-01

    The study on the relationship between Zhou Zuoren's individualism and the Confucianism can reveal the overall state of Zhou Zuoren's idea and the problems in the 1930's.In the view of individualism,Zhou Zuoren achieved the modern interpretation of traditional ideas through rational interpretation of the Confucianism and sorting out the origins and the content of human feelings and common sense.However,it is also exposed that his individualism was far from the social reality.Hence the unique view of Zhou Zuoren's idea in the 1930's.%对周作人个人主义思想与儒家思想关系的考察能够深入把握30年代周作人思想的整体状况及其存在问题。在个人主义的价值视域中,周作人对儒家唯理主义的阐释,对人情物理内涵及源流的爬梳,实现了其对传统思想观念的现代阐释,但也充分暴露出其个人主义思想脱离社会现实的文化困境。这构成了30年代周作人思想的独特景观。

  1. 周禮與《小雅》部分詩篇的創作%Rites of the Zhou Period and the Creation of Some Works in the Book of Songs:“Xiao Ya” 《小雅》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝秀權

    2010-01-01

    A part of works in The Book of Songs:“Little Refined” ( or“Xiao Ya” by trans-literation) 《詩經·小雅》 arc closely related to rites of that time. Studies of these works will give us inspiration to understand the background of their creation, reveal their original meanings and correct mistakes in their interpretation. The present paper expounds a number of songs relative to rites of“asking policy formulators for providing for the ages,” going to the court, giving banquets and behaving in the army, and thus shows the relationship between songs and rites of the Zhou period and the important significance of the two things in their mutuai interpretation.

  2. A Brief Analysis of the Literary Views Reflected in Zhou Dunyi’s Rationalism Philosophy%简析周敦颐理学思想中的文学观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘皓琳

    2014-01-01

    周敦颐是北宋时期著名的理学家,他继承了“圣贤不传之学”,在诗学上同意孔子“诗可以兴”的观点,在创作上以“廉”为主要内容,反对“每会即作诗”,追求有文有行,文道并重。%Zhou Dunyi, a famous rationalist in the earlier Song Dynasty, inherited the Confucian philosophy never found in the world. He accepts Confucius poetics about“poems are purported to express one’s emotion.”and integrity is the main content of his creation. He objects to“making poems whenever there is an assembly”, and proposes that writing should be a genuine reflection of one’s action, and both contentand form weigh identically in literary creation.

  3. On the Role Played by Zhou Zuoren in the Exchange of Modern Japanese and Chinese Vocabulary%周作人在中日两国词汇交流中的作用和影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李运博

    2014-01-01

    近代中国人是如何认识日语的?他们对日语的认知对中日近代词汇的交流产生了怎样的影响?考察这些问题具有重要的意义。同时,身为北京大学早期教授、新文化运动的骨干成员之一的周作人,因在“五四运动”时期发表了数量众多的关于新文化运动理论建设的文章而在近代中国社会产生了广泛的影响,因此他对日语的认知具有一定的代表性和较大的影响力。另一方面,周作人曾到日本留学多年,后又娶日本女子为妻,并翻译了数十部日本文学作品。受这种特殊的学习、生活经历的影响,不仅使周作人对日语具有很深的造诣,而且也促成了他对日本语言文字比较深刻和全面的认知。鉴于此,本文主要以周作人为考察对象,通过整理、分析他对日本语言文字的认知情况以及对日语汉字词的使用状况,探讨他在中日两国近代词汇交流过程中所发挥的作用与影响。%How do modern Chinese understand the Japanese language? What kind of influence does their cognition of Japanese language have on the exchange of modern Japanese and Chinese vocabulary? An investigation of these questions is of great significance. As a professor at Peking University in its early history and one of the key members of the new culture movement, Zhou Zuoren published a large number of articles on the theoretical construction of the new culture movement during the“May Fourth Movement”. In this way, Zhou has had a profound impact on modern Chinese society, but it is also the case that his understanding of Japanese has had a certain influence on his work. In particular, Zhou Zuoren went to study in Japan for many years. Later he married a Japanese woman and translated dozens of works of Japanese literature. Influenced by this special education and life experience, Zhou Zuoren not only has a deep understanding of Japanese language, but also has an

  4. 交流与争鸣:记中外学者关于夏商周年代的一场论战%Exchange and Debate:A Polimic on Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology among Chinese and Foreign Scholars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李润权

    2003-01-01

    Two panels discussing the absolute dates of the Xia, Shang, and Zhou eras were held in the annual meeting of the Association of Asian Studies in Washington, D.C.in April, 2002. The panels focused on five major aspects, which are:whether the chronological results are affected by current politics; the difficulty in the integration of historical documents and archaeological evidences; the reliability of the fitting of radiocarbon dates; different perpectives on the "Current Text" Bamboo Annals; and finally the question of morality in scholarship. The present paper reports the origin and development of these debates and the processes of discussion during the annual meeting. Moreover,it discusses the sources of divergence between the Chinese and foreign scholars on the chronology of Three Dynasties.

  5. XiangZhou area small and medium-sized rivers valley mountain in the project implementation plan%襄州区中小河流治理峪山项目区实施方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱吾中

    2016-01-01

    Xiangyang city XiangZhou area pick to: analysis the necessity of small and medium-sized rivers, dredging, bank management, ecological restoration and landscape greening, drainage connected, pollution treatment and long-term management measures, implement chang river, clear water, green and beautiful scene.%分析襄阳市襄州区中小河流治理的必要性,采取清淤疏浚、岸坡整治、生态修复、景观绿化、水系连通、污染治理、长效管护等措施,实现河畅、水清、岸绿、景美的目标。

  6. FengYin Tang in Treating 47 Patients with Perimenopause of Liver-Yang Hyperactivity Pattern%风引汤治疗肝阳上亢型绝经综合征47例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李江慧; 曹保利

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To survey therapeutic effects of modified FengYin Tang in treating perimenopause of liver-Yang hyperactivity pattern. Methods:Ninety-four patients were allocated to the observation group and the con-trol group randomly, 47 cases of the observation group took modified FengYin Tang and the control group Xin-ShenAn capsule. Curative effects of both groups, the improvements of TCM syndrome, the changes of follicle-stimu-lating hormone (FSH), leuteinizing hormone (LH) and estradiol (E2) were observed. Results:Total effective rate of the observation group was 93.62%, higher than 80.85%of the control group, the difference had statistical meaning (P0.05). After treating, the levels of E2, FSH and LH in both groups were notably improved (P0.05), the difference had statistical meaning in FSH and E2 after treating (P<0.05). Conclusion:FengYin Tang indicates the advantages of improving the symptoms and internal secretion of the patients suffering from perimenopause of liver-Yang hyperactivity pattern without obvious adverse reaction.%目的:观察风引汤加减治疗肝阳上亢型绝经综合征的临床疗效。方法:选择94例肝阳上亢型绝经综合征门诊患者,随机分为观察组与对照组。观察组47例给予风引汤加减治疗,对照组47例给予心神安胶囊。观察2组临床疗效、中医证候的改善情况及血清中卵泡刺激素(FSH)、促黄体生成激素(LH)及雌二醇(E2)的水平变化。结果:总有效率观察组为93.62%,对照组为80.85%,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);观察组改善烘热汗出、烦躁易怒、眩晕耳鸣、胁肋胀满、皮肤干燥、阴道干涩、悲伤欲哭、口苦咽干等症状的疗效优于对照组(P<0.05);对照组改善腰膝酸软的症状疗效优于观察组(P<0.05);其余症状2组比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。治疗后E2、FSH、LH水平2组均明显改善(P<0.05);LH治疗后组间比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0

  7. The State of Harmony Constituted by Four Hearts on Feng Zikai's Aesthetic Ideal%“四心”圆融之境:丰子恺审美理想论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋霞; 杨晓河

    2014-01-01

    If we want to understand Feng Zikai's aesthetic view,we need understand the metaphor of the “three-story building”about reality,art and religion.The layer of reality is the foundation and the ultimate purport;the layer of art has double identities of ontological significance and pivotal role;and the layer of religion is the highest state and has spiritual leading meaning to the below layers.Feng Zi-kai considers only religion can reveal the most profound meaning of “the true”.“The good”is a com-bination of compassion of Buddhism and Confucian benevolence.“The beautiful”contains the beauty of the form which has nothing to do with the content and the beauty of the spirit which is based on “the true“and “the good”.The latter is higher than the former.The beauty of spirit has the implication of Buddhism.The heart of art is associated with the heart of religion.At the same time the heart of art is associated with the heart of benevolence and the heart of childlike innocence.The four hearts are inter-linked with each other to the state of harmony,which constitutes Feng Zikai's unique aesthetic ideal.%对丰子恺的审美观的认识,需要放在现实∕艺术∕宗教的“三层楼”的比喻中。现实层是基础,亦是最终旨归,艺术层兼有本体意义与枢纽作用双重身份,宗教层是至高境界,对下具有精神引领的作用。丰子恺认为,对“真”的最深刻的揭示惟有宗教能够担当;“善”是佛教之慈悲与儒家之仁的结合;“美”包含与内容无涉的形式之美以及以真善为底子的精神之美,后者高于前者,精神之美具有佛教的蕴涵。艺术心与宗教心相沟通,同时还与仁心、童心相沟通,“四心”相通达至圆融之境,构成了丰子恺独特的审美理想。

  8. 周代策命的礼仪背景及文体特点%The Ceming Text in the Zhou Dynasty:Its Ritual Background and Stylistic Features

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董芬芬

    2013-01-01

      周代策命是周天子策封赏赐诸侯或臣下的仪式上使用的实用文体,一般在太庙举行策命仪式时颁布,见证者为傧者,宣读者多为内史,有时是尹氏或其他史官。周代策命形成稳定的体制,通常包括封赏的原因、具体的赏赐及教导与勉励三部分。周代策命语言诚挚恳切,语气温润亲切,典雅舒缓,成为后世策命文体模仿的典范。%Ceming(策命)is the genre of text used by the king of the Zhou Dynasty at the investiture ceremonies,which was usually held at the ancestry temple. Serving as the document of investiture, the text should be witnessed and announced by some influential court officials such as binzhe(傧者), neishi(内史),and yinshi(尹氏). Having developed into a stable genre,the ceming text in the Zhou Dynasty mainly consisted of the following three parts:why this investiture should take place;what was conferred;and what the beneficiary was expected to do. The wording of ceming text is sincere,re-fined,and natural,making a classical model for the later generations.

  9. Discussion about Several Pieces of Curious Furniture of Shang-Zhou Dynasty Found from Literature%文献所见几种稀见商周家具略论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜游

    2013-01-01

    “由于使用方式与礼仪的不同,商周时期的家具与现在的家具呈现出显著的差异,若想对其系统研究就必须充分考虑当时的社会环境与状况。在记叙商周社会的主要文献中可以找出许多有关于家具使用规范和形制的记载,其中可能有一些因失传或后人理解的问题而忽略了其作为家具的研究价值。如黼依、皇邸、桁、簨、虡、箙、楅等。本文现将这一部分资料做初步的整理,以便后续研究的进行。%The furniture style during Shang-Zhou period appeared remarkably difference, because of the differences of functions and rites of culture towards furniture when compare with our modern life. To do the research systemically requires experts consider the social atmosphere and situation in that period. There are many using standards and styles records of furniture, which could be found in some historical literatures that described the society in Shang-Zhou period. However, since the time fraction was so far away from now and dynastic historians personal understanding, some valued parts for furniture research has lost or been hidden in the minority of these literatures. Such as fuyi, huangdi, heng, sun, ju, fu, bi etc. This research contributes to collect the missing part of the literatures, and classify these parts initially. Consequently, it will provide a systemic and detailed guidance towards the future research.

  10. 东周时期高经密织锦的丝织技术研究%Research on silk weaving techniques of brocade with high warp density in Eastern Zhou period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晨

    2012-01-01

    This paper deeply discusses ancient silk weaving techniques through researches of duplicate practice on fabric construction, loom setting process and weaving process, taking "hunting grain brocade" with a high warp density in the Eastern Zhou period unearthed in Jingan, Jiangxi, thereby revealing the key technology and scientific value of its brocade with the highest warp density so far, 240 per centimeter. It not only demonstrates the existence of brocade with a high warp density of 240 per centimeter, but also quotes that this process can produce brocade with a wide width and high warp density through duplicate practice. This research result effectively explains that exquisite techniques for weaving high-density brocade have been possessed in the Eastern Zhou period of ancient China, adding a new page for Chinese ancient brocade.%以江西靖安大墓出土的东周时期高经密织锦“狩猎纹锦”为例,通过织物结构、织机装造工艺及织造工艺等复制实践研究,展开对古代丝织技术的深度探讨,从而揭示其240根/cm迄今为止最高经密织锦的关键技术和其科学价值.通过复制实践,不仅证实了240根/cm高经密经锦的存在,还可引证该工艺可织出宽幅高经密经锦,这一研究成果有力地说明中国古代的东周时期已拥有了织造高密度织锦的精湛技术,为中国古代织锦增添新的一页.

  11. 东周园林:从重礼到审美的嬗变%Gardens in East-Zhou Dynasty:The Transformation from Evaluating Etiquettes to Appreciating Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔青青

    2015-01-01

    东周园林建筑的变化体现了其时园林审美艺术从重德到审美的嬗变。通过以园林建筑中“台”以及园林位置的变化点明东周园林由原有的儒家礼制思维,转向了道家的美学思维,园林的功用也随之在单一的政教功利性中融入了主体的审美愉悦性,从而对传统中国人人格的丰满产生了极大作用,既积极入世,但又不会走向偏执;在现世中有所为,但又拥有一个极洵烂至美的艺术世界。%The ever-changing of gardens in East-Zhou dynasty had reflected the transformation from evaluating etiquettes to appreciating aesthetics. By analyzing alters among other landscape architectures and various locations of the gardens, this paper points out that in the course of turning from the ritual of Confucianism to the aesthetics of Taoism, the aesthetic pleasure of the subjects had been blended into the function of East-Zhou gardens which used to be merely utilized for religion and government. As a result, the transformation plaid a very important role to enrich the personality of Chinese people, that is, to actively participate in the society without paranoid, and to do something in reality with a beautiful artistic world.

  12. Modernization Transition of the Connotation and Practice Method of the Spirit of Lei Feng%论雷锋精神内涵及实践方式的现代转向

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢俊春

    2014-01-01

    Since the Chinese economic reform, our country’s political task and social practice environment have big differences with the past. In this situation, we must implement the modernization transition of the meaning and practice method of the spirit of Lei Feng, to advance and promote the civism, the innovation spirit, the independence spirit, and the team spirit, which are contained in the spirit of Lei Feng. Besides, the randomized temporary assistance should be converted to the formal social relief, and the personal behaviors should be changed into organized group behaviors. A variety of volunteer activities should be accumulated to rescue the huge weak community, so as to face the big challenge of the aging society.%改革开放以来,我国面临的政治社会任务和社会实践环境与过去已有很大的不同,要求我们必须实现雷锋精神内涵及实践方式的现代转向,着力提倡和弘扬雷锋精神蕴含的公民精神、创新精神、自主精神、团结精神,从强烈的阶级情感转向普遍的对全体社会成员乃至全人类的人文关怀,从计划经济年代的服从意识和臣民人格转向市场经济条件下的独立意识和公民人格。同时,由随机的临时的救助转向正规的社会工作救助,由分散的个人行为转向有组织的团体行为,发起各类志愿者行动,救助庞大的弱势群体,应对老龄社会提出的巨大挑战。

  13. La Vie de Marillac : un essai hagiographique ? Analyse comparée des sources utilisées par Nicolas Lefèvre de Lezeau dans la Vie de Marillac et la Vie de Morvillier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dora De Lima

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Considérer Nicolas Lefèvre de Lezeau comme le biographe de son grand oncle ou comme l’hagiographe de son ami Michel de Marillac revient à glorifier la mémoire des trois héros au détriment du projet d’écriture de l’auteur. La Vie de Jean de Morvillier et la Vie de Michel de Marillac sont vivement marquées par l’omniprésence de leur auteur, quand bien même l’illusion de la richesse documentaire sur les trois héros voudrait l’estomper. Parce qu’ils convoquent une documentation riche et de nombreuses références littéraires, les trois récits de vie retrouvés témoignent d’une quête d’authenticité par leur auteur. En ce sens, la Vie de Marillac se dégage des deux autres récits de vie écrits par Lezeau. Le conseiller d’état n’y cherche effectivement pas seulement à raviver la mémoire de la Ligue dans le milieu dévot, ni même à construire une filiation entre ces deux partis. L’originalité de la Vie de Marillac tient de l’abondance des références spirituelles et de l’autorité que les mystiques incarnent pour sa validation. Pour les mystiques, la vie chargée d’un officier d’état demeure incompatible avec le mode de vie humble et contemplatif d’un « petit ». Du côté des politiques, la « cabale des dévots » représente une menace croissante pour l’autorité du roi. Dès lors, la Vie de Marillac de Lezeau nous invite à réfléchir sur les caractéristiques de rejet d’un modèle de sainteté (E. Suire. La postérité retient Marillac pour sa témérité et sa faillite face à la raison d’état de Richelieu, comme l’attestent le peu de biographies des xixe-xxe siècles de ce garde des sceaux. Parallèlement, si Marillac est décrit comme un laïc ayant fait preuve d’une grande dévotion dans les Histoires de l’ordre des Carmélites déchaussées parues aux xixe et xxe siècles, sa part active à la fondation de l’ordre en France ne suffit pas à faire de lui un saint

  14. A crowd of pedestrian dynamics - The perspective of physics. Comment on "Human behaviours in evacuation crowd dynamics: From modelling to "big data" toward crisis management" by Nicola Bellomo et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miguel, António F.

    2016-09-01

    Walking is the most basic form of transportation. A good understanding of pedestrian's dynamics is essential in meeting the mobility and accessibility needs of people by providing a safe and quick walking flow [1]. Advances in the dynamics of pedestrians in crowds are of great theoretical and practical interest, as they lead to new insights regarding the planning of pedestrian facilities, crowd management, or evacuation analysis. Nicola Bellomo's et al. article [2] is a very timely review of the related research on modelling approaches, computational simulations, decision-making and crisis response. It also includes an attempt to accurately define commonly used terms, as well as a critical analysis of crowd dynamics and safety problems. As noted by the authors, "models and simulations offer a virtual representation of real dynamics" that are essential to understand and predict the "behavioural dynamics of crowds" [2]. As a physicist, I would like to put forward some additional theoretical and practical contributions that could be interesting to explore, regarding the perspective of physics on about human crowd dynamics (panic as a specific form of behaviour excluded).

  15. 北宋蜀人冯山家世行年及《安岳集》版本考并补冯山佚诗%A Research on Feng Shan’ s Family, Biography,Version of Anyue Poetry and One Uncollected Poem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李清华

    2014-01-01

    冯山,北宋中期蜀中诗人,颇有盛名。其家世个人资料匮乏,今无系统研究。根据古籍相关记载,对其家世谱系略作整理,编次其个人行年及其创作,试图系统地研究冯山。对《安岳集》的版本作详细地考证论述,以期对四川文学研究略有补益。又据《永乐大典》补冯山《黄沙村》七律一首。%Feng Shan was a famous poet in Sichuan in the Song Dynasty. Because of the deficiency of historical re-cords, there is not a systematic study of him. According to the records of ancient books, the essay mainly gives a systematically textual research on Feng Shan,such as his family and biography,the version of Anyue Poetry,hoping to be of help for the literature study in Sichuan. Besides,the outhor finds one of Feng Shan’ poems uncollected in other existing books from The Yongle Canon.

  16. Re-exploration on the Origin of the Prehistoric Witch Religion of the Chinese Feng Shui%中国风水的史前巫教源头再探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡义成

    2015-01-01

    As early as in the 20th century, the foreign archaeology and other disciplines revealed and proved that there existed the“bottom layer of the Arminius witch”.The theory of“bottom layer of the Arminius witch” retold by Mr.Zhang Guangzhi and it was mainly constructed by Mr.Frost, in which Frost expounded that the Arminius which possessed eight ideological characteristics. Mr.Zhang himself once said that witch was very important to the prehistoric China and the eight ideological characteristics of the Arminius which were quite suitable for the study of the ancient China.The above-mentioned ideas reflected that the study of prehis-toric witch had something to do with the study of origin of the Chinese Feng Shui.The article 2 of the eight ideological characteristics of the Arminius which said that there existed the gods of four directions and the gods of four quadrants;the cosmos was divided into four quadrants which were Sep.arated by central axis between south and north, and east and west;meanwhile every direction often combined with specific color;the article 4 said witches were helped by the animal gods.By careful comparison, we found that the a-bove-mentioned ideas accorded completely with the theory of the Chinese Feng Shui, in which there existed front southern god ( scarlet bird) , behind northern god ( tortoise) , left eastern god ( green dragon) , right western god ( white tiger);there was a bas-ic chart of the central axis of south and north.Article 5 said all phenomenon in the cosmos were endowed vigor by vitality or soul, which accorded with vigor philosophy proposed by the Chinese Feng Shui.All these evidences proved that the witch religion was the origin of the prehistoric culture of the Chinese Feng Shui.%国外考古学和其他学科早在20世纪就揭示并多学科证明了史前存在“亚美巫教底层”。张光直先生转述的“亚美巫教底层”理论主要建构者佛斯特先生关于其意识形态八

  17. “助人为乐”的德性论阐释:以雷锋精神为例%“Happiness in Helping Others”:An Explanation from the Theory of Virtue, with Example of Lei Feng Spirit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙海霞

    2013-01-01

    助人为乐是雷锋精神的重要组成部分,在德性论的阐释视域中,雷锋助人为乐的精神展现出深刻的价值内涵和时代意义:它崇尚助人之“乐”,在德性完善中实现精神愉悦;在“乐”于助人的行为实践中,彰显自觉自主的道德精神境界;在助人“乐”己的人生信条中,绽放“人我合一”的“他者”情怀。%Helping others is a key part of Lei Feng Spirit. In the horizon of Virtue Theory, the Spirit presents profound values and contemporary significance: it highlights happiness and the spiritual enjoyment in virtue improvement. Its emphasis of the “will” in helping practice tells self-aware morality perfection; its principle of spiritual gains through helping implies an integration of self and others.

  18. 《孔子诗论》与荀子论《风》《雅》《颂》%Confucian Poetics and Xunzi’ s Criticism on Feng, Ya and Song

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵东栓

    2016-01-01

    Confucian Poetics, based on Confucius teaching The Book of Songs and scholars’ interpretation afterwards, basically reflects Confucian thoughts about The Book of Songs. This is overtly and covertly linked to criticism of The Book of Songs by Xunzi, who was the last master of Confucianism in the Pre-Qin period. Seen from Confucian Poetics and Xunzi’ s criticism on Feng, Ya and Song, there are some similar opinions between them, which shows that the relation between Confucian Poetics and Xunzi’ s criticism on The Book of Songs is an academic one of source and flow.%《孔子诗论》是孔子诗教及后学阐释的产物,基本上体现的是孔子的诗学思想,而先秦最后的儒学大师荀子的论《诗》,与之存在着一些显性或隐性的联系。从《孔子诗论》与荀子论《风》《雅》《颂》来看,二者存在着某些相同或相近的观点,这说明《孔子诗论》与荀子论《诗》存在着源和流的学术联系。

  19. The Discourse Cohesion Features of Modern Poem From "Sonnet Collection" of Feng Zhi%从冯至“十四行诗”的篇章衔接看诗歌篇章的特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗菲

    2012-01-01

    There was very little study for discourse cohesion of modern poems, and almost none for the comp,-u-ative study between discourse cohesion of poem and prose and other literature styles. It is not appropriate for the name of poem-country. In order to disclose discourse cohesion features and regular patterns of modern poem, "Sonnet Collec- tion" of Feng Zhi, a famous modern poet, has been analyzed, in the form of granmmtical, lexical, rhetorical and punctuation marks.%前人对现代诗歌的篇章衔接研究很少,涉及诗歌篇章衔接与散文等其他文体比较研究的则几乎没有,认为这与素有“诗国”之称的我国很不相称。因此,选取了现代著名诗人冯至的《十四行集》,从语法形式、词汇、修辞和标点符号四个方面来深入分析冯至诗歌的篇章结构衔接方式,以便更好地理解与探求现代诗歌的篇章衔接特色,并寻求其规律。

  20. An Imagination and Discipline of Culture Model: The Narration and Diffusion of the Story about Feng Yan in the Song Dynasty%文化合模的想象与规训——冯燕故事在宋代的叙述与传播

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张劲松

    2012-01-01

    Feng Yan is a roaming swordsman in The Legendary of Feng Yah in the Tang Dynasty. Feng com- mitted adultery with a woman. Later, he killed the woman and surrendered himself to the officials. He became a hero and was highly praised by the officials. However, his story was not popularly read and diffused. As a re- sult, he was not widely known in history at first. To the Song Dynasty, his story was integrated into the cultural model of the Song Dynasty as a sort of cultural spirit, talked about and thought about more widely than before. Zhang Qixian and Shangguan Rong rebuilt Feng~ story indirectly by writing notes and fictionally imagining. Zeng Bu sang directly about Feng Yan~ Chivalrous spirit in the form of ci ( a form of Chinese poem). In the Song Dy- nasty, Feng's story was not only praised on and on, but also given a new name of "being loyal to the emperor". His spirit was regarded as a model that would defend traditional Confucian morals.%冯燕是唐传奇《冯燕传》中的侠客,通人之妻而又杀之并自首官府。其侠义为士大夫所激赏歌颂。但历来研究其传播接受者较少。至宋代,冯燕故事犹如一种文化精神的母题融入宋人文化的模式中被重新叙述和想象。张齐贤和上官融以笔记记录和虚构想象的话语间接传释了冯燕故事。曾布以词直接歌咏了冯燕的侠义精神。冯燕故事在宋代不仅被继续歌颂,而且还被赋予了“忠君”报国的新义。冯燕的游侠气质被转化为维护儒家道德的理想楷模。

  1. “展缓判断”求真相:冯友兰与胡适对孔老先后之争的学术意义--兼对冯友兰复胡适信函时间考证%Suspension of Judgement:The Academic Significance of Debate Between Feng Youlan and Hu Shi ---Textual Research on Time of Feng Youlan and Hu Shi’s Letters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婷

    2014-01-01

    Early 30s of the last century, Feng Youlan and Hu Shi had several debates on Confucius and Laozi. Each side held dif-ferent opinons from his own ideological analysis and textual research. After nearly half a century, finally under the support of the un-earthed cultural relics, Hu Shi was proved to be true. His“Suspension of judgment” academic principles on issues of the present academ-ic research has great significance.%20世纪30年代初,冯友兰与胡适等人针对老子其人其书与孔子的先后问题,曾经展开过多次交锋。双方各自从所擅长的思想系统分析和考证方法辨伪等几个方面进行讨论,意见迭出。近半个世纪后,最终在出土文物的佐证下,胡适生前的推断被证明为真。他所力倡的“展缓判断”学术原则及对争议问题的处理态度对当下的学术研究具有很大的启示意义。

  2. Comparison between Feng-shui and Landscape Ecology Benefit of the Buddhist Temple Garden of Tiantai Stream:A Case Study of the Guangshan Jingju Temple and Tiantai Guoqing Temple%天台宗佛教寺庙环境中“风水”和景观生态效应的比较分析——以光山净居寺和天台国清寺为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳; 沈朝栋; 柴明良

    2012-01-01

    风水理论,作为我国传统文化的一部分,曾在民间广泛应用.该文在梳理风水理论及理想风水模式的基础上,以光山净居寺和天台国清寺为例,立足景观生态学相关理论对天台宗佛教寺庙环境中“风水”和景观生态效应进行了相关研究和分析,并总结出传统风水理论和景观生态效应之间的联系.%Feng-shui theory can be seen as a part of folklore and culture in China. The key value orientation of geomantic thought is that the dwelling space of human should be harmonious with the environment. Through analyzing the Feng-shui theory and idealized model, with the example of Jingju temple and Guoqing temple, this article analyzed and discussed the Feng-shui and landscape ecology benefit of the buddhist temple garden of Tiantai Stream based on landscape ecology, and summed up the connection between Feng-shui theory and landscape ecology benefit.

  3. From Personality Advocation to Repressed Anger Some Opinion on Zhou Zuoren's View of Literary History%从个性的提倡到压抑的愤懑——周作人文学史观管窥

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军

    2012-01-01

    中国文化,在周作人看来,是无性的文化,缺乏情趣的文化,是于生命成长、生机勃勃上,即个性发育上欠缺的文化。他输入歌咏儿童的文学,提倡“梦想的精神”,主张适当地禁欲,并指出婚姻生活中“爱是移动的”,需夫妻双方不断地创造。就一个人的教育而言,他非常重视性的知识,于当时的复古颇盛的文化风气中坚持自己的个性。到了20世纪30年代,周作人开始了由个性的提倡到压抑的愤懑时期。他所面临的是中国资本主义高度发展的时代,感慨于除却忍从屈服,生活总是为家族制度、阶级制度、资本制度、知识买卖制度而牺牲。在这一时期,周作人的文学史观、文学观也逐渐地完善,指出中国历史上晋文里开始增加了小品文的色彩,初现具有个性色彩的文学。%According to Zhou Zuoren, Chinese culture is asexual culture and lacking in taste and is a person- ality development of defective culture on the vibrant life and growth. He imported literature of singing children, promoted the spirit of the dream and advocated appropriate abstinence, pointing out love is moving in the marriage and both spouses need to create endlessly. He thought highly of sex knowledge in terms of personal education, sticking to his own personality in the culture trend of the prevalent antiquity. To the thirties, Zhou Zuoren changed from the period of personality advocating to repressed anger. He is facing an era of prosperous Chinese capitalism, sighing that except for tolerance and yielding life is always sacrificed for the domestic institution, the caste system, the capital system and the knowledge trading sys- tem. During this period, Zhou Zuoren's literary historical theory, literary concept is gradually improved and pointed out that essays have appeared in the history of China Jin-wen, which is the beginning of litera- ture with personalized colors.

  4. 周敦颐与“二程”的文学特点比较%Make a Study of Literary Character on the Zhou Dun-yi and Two Scholars of Surname Cheng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚祖培

    2012-01-01

      Zhou Dunyi's gentleman personality took shape not only from his morality and behavior, but also being closely related his experiences of traveling, writing and art appreciation. The latter might have had equal if not greater influences. Article of Lotus love is a symbol of realizing his personality of elegancy. It is one of the best literature. Zhou's poems are known as sincere, elegant, vigorous and straightforward in the structure of Song Dynasty’s poetry. Zhou's personality and his heart of literature and poetry directly influenced Cheng Hao. Not only he acted like a mentor but he also sculptured Cheng as a poet with great success. Cheng Hao was a poet among Taoists that understood deeply about the spirit of natural scenes. Although his poetry usually contained mocking or bantering which lowered the beauty of it. The influences of Chengyi's personality restricted his love for literatures and arts. He indulged in Tao, with little polish of literature, his observation of literature and art was very shallow and unbalanced. He also rejected rhetoric literature or the expression of art. He didn't understand much art and lacked the experience of aesthetic judgment. He didn't have the experience in writing, nor could he have any understanding about himself, not mention to overtake himself. Therefore he could not go into the status of art appreciation but only remains in joking around.%  周敦颐的“君子人格”形成,既有其道德修养、立身行事的影响,也与徜徉山水,从事文学创作,通艺术,善审美的陶冶性情有关,而后者的影响不亚于前者。《爱莲说》是其人格外化的标志,风格清雅,是一流的文学艺术作品。他的诗歌以“真”、“清”、“劲”、“直”为特色,参与了宋诗风格的构建。周敦颐的性情和文心、诗心直接影响了程颢,不仅传其道,而且将程颢塑造成了诗人,使其取得了较大的成就。程颢是道学家中深

  5. 新疆博州地区土地利用变化及驱动力分析%Analysis of Land Use/Cover Change and Driving Force on Bo Zhou of Xinjiang Province Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜倩; 王勇辉

    2012-01-01

    The land use structure and the quality of land resource change constantly, because ot the natural factors and human factors, which results in the variation of the regional ecological environment and global environment. This article used the data of the land utilization in BoZhou of Xinjiang province from 2001 to 2009 to analyze its dynamic change. The conclusion is that farmland and land for household, industry, traffic and water conservancy facilities have increased in varying changes, while garden and grassland area have decreased. Afterwards, the social driving forces of the variation of land area in BoZhou were ana- lyzed quantitatively by analyzing the related data of social economy development, by the means of principal component analysis. We concluded that the adjustment of agricultural structure, economic development, production benefit, political and economic policies are main social driving forces causing variation of land u- tilization and the first industry is still in a dominant position.%由于受自然因素与人文因素的影响,土地利用结构以及土地资源质量不断变化,从而引起区域生态环境和全球环境的变化。文章运用新疆博州2000--2009年土地利用数据,分析其土地利用的动态变化情况,发现耕地、居民点及工矿用地、交通用地、水利设施都有不同程度的增加,园地与牧草地的面积有所减少。接着运用博州社会经济发展状况有关数据和主成分分析法对博州地区面积变化的社会驱动力作定量分析,总结出农业结构的调整、经济发展、农业生产效益、政治经济政策这4个因素是引起博州土地利用变化的主要社会驱动力因子,且第一产业仍然处于主导地位。

  6. The Epidemiological Investigation of DeZhou City’s Chronic Renal Failure Patients with Nervous Centralis Damige%德州市慢性肾衰竭中枢神经损害的流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙仁莲

    2013-01-01

    objective To acquaintance the epidemiological investigation of nervous centralis damige of De Zhou City’s chronic renal failure patients(the CKD 5 period patients in maintenance hemodialysis) so as to develop the Clinical diagnosis and treatment level of this disease. Method To retrospective analysis the De Zhou City’s chronic renal failure patients with nervous centralis damige. Result The age, primary disease, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, hemoglobin, carbon dioxide binding force, application of cephalosporin etc was statisticaly significant with the control group. Conclusion Diabetic nephropathy, high level of toxin, anemia, metabolic acidosis, using cephalosporins was independent risk factors of central nerve damage of chronic renal failure patients with in Dezhou city.%目的:了解德州市慢性肾衰竭合并中枢神经系统损害的流行病学状况,提高对此病的临床诊疗水平。方法对我院慢性肾衰竭(CKD5期已行血液透析)合并中枢神经系统损害患者病例资料进行回顾性分析。结果德州市慢性肾衰竭中枢神经损害患者年龄、原发病、血肌酐、血尿素氮、血红蛋白、二氧化碳结合力、应用头孢菌素等与对照组有统计学差异(P<0.05)。结论糖尿病肾病、毒素水平高、贫血、代谢性酸中毒、应用头孢菌素等是德州市慢性肾衰竭中枢神经损害患者的独立危险因素。

  7. Realistic Criticism and Historical Criticism of Thinkers in the Zhou and Qin Dynasties%论周秦诸子的现实批判与历史批判

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞天佑

    2014-01-01

    Thinkers in the Zhou and Qin Dynasties cared about social reality and history. They took social reality as the base of their thoughts and took wisdom from history. Although their works published in different periods had different language styles, political views and contents, they all combined social reality and history together. Their real-istic criticism included historical criticism and historical criticism included realistic criticism. Discussion of realistic criticism and historical criticism of thinkers in the Zhou and Qin Dynasties is of significance for us to understand so-cial reality and historical tendency.%周秦诸子作为密切关注现实的思想家,以现实为思想的立足点与出发点,以历史为智慧的源泉与立论的依据。他们立足今天而反思过去,古今联系而相互比照,换位思考而得出结论,以史为据而抨击时弊。周秦诸子之书虽然成书年代不同,语言风格各异,政治主张有别,论述内容各有侧重;但多为论议时政而发,“博古”与“通今”紧密结合,于现实的批判中隐含对历史的批判,于历史的批判中贯穿对现实的批判,把现实批判与历史批判融为一体。我们探讨周秦诸子的现实批判与历史批判,把握其思想大义与理论精髓,对于认识社会现实与体察历史大势,有着重要启示与鉴戒意义。

  8. 从两周军事铭文用词看中国古代早期的军事文化%Military Culture of Early Ancient China Reflected in Military Inscriptions of Eastern and Western Zhou Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓飞

    2012-01-01

    War is the continuation of politics. The military inscriptions of Eastern and Western Zhou Dynasty represented by "the most important state affairs are sacrifice and warfare" indicate the process of sprout and development of original "humanity" values. From the wording of inscriptions then, one thing is clear that there is inheritance as well as obvious changes about warfare concept from Yin Dynasty and Shang Dynasty, namely sacrifice in wars became much more convenient, which aims at consolidating the souls of soldiers. The detailed psychological description paid more attention to the existence and performance of warfare subject as well as the standardization and rationalization of military organization, the specific matters of military management, the warfare efficiency and safeguard, which exemplifies the safety of rights and lives have been strengthened. All those demonstrate along with the escalation of warfare intension in Eastern and Western Zhou Dynasty, the original "humanity" values and the ideology of "cautious resorts to arms" have been further developed and featured.%战争是政治的延续。“国之大事在祀在戎”时代的两周军事铭文揭示了原始“人本”观念的萌芽、发展历程。从其铭文用词可以看出从殷商到两周时期,战争观念有继承,也有较大的改变:祭祀在战争中显得更加简便,意在安慰参与者的心灵世界。具体的心理描写更关注战争主体的存在及其表现,也更重视军队组织的规范化和合理化、军队管理的细节、战争有效性和战争维护,这说明权利安全和生命安全意识得到加强。这些方面都表明两周时期随着战争强度的升级,原始“人本”观念、“慎兵”理念得到了进一步的发展和凸现。

  9. 论西周策命制度与《尚书》文体的生成%On the Connection between the System of Appointment of the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Formation of Literary Style of Shang Shu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于文哲

    2012-01-01

    伴随着"制礼作乐"的过程,周人的修辞技能和文体意识都不断提高,尤其是周代重要政治制度之一策命制度的建立和完善,使书面形式的"策命"代替了口头形式的"命",促成了具有清晰文体特征的策命文书的形成。这种专门应用于特定策命典礼场合的政治性文书使灵活易变的口头文体固定化,由于经常性地撰制和发布,逐渐形成了形式严谨、体制固定、内容明确、词语古奥、语言高度雅化和程式化、风格庄严肃穆的文体特征,《周书》诸诰便是在这种策命文书的基础上经过加工改造后形成的。这种"命体"的策命文书体现了原初形态"书"篇的文体模式,决定了《尚书》诰命篇章的文体特征,对后世众多散文文体,尤其是官方应用性文体产生了重大影响。%With the process of ritual and musical practice, Zhou' s rhetorical skills and stylistic awareness has been improved continuously. The establishment and perfection of Zhou' s political sys- tem, especially the system of appointment--one of the important policies of the Western Zhou Dynas- ty, caused the written form to replace the oral form, and the form of appointment documents got its clear stylistic features. These documents are specifically applied to specific situations, making the flexible oral style fixed. As they are regularly published, these documents gradually formed a kind of strict style, with explicit content, tightly organized structure, rigorous words, graceful language, solemn and grave style. Zhou Shu is processed and revised on the basis of this kind of documents. These documents reflect the original form of Shang Shu, determines the literary style of Shang Shu, and has a significant impact and influence upon many kinds of essays of later times, particularly the applica- tion of the official documents.

  10. Landscape in the Soul-On the Prose Collection Landscape of Feng Zhi%灵魂里的山水--论冯至散文集《山水》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈邑华

    2015-01-01

    Feng Zhi has been hailed by Lu Xun as'the most distinguished lyric poet of China'.His prose collection Landscape is a unique existence in Chinese modern prose.During the War of Resist-ance Against Japan,the landscape in a plain and quiet corner in Kunming became the spiritual home of Feng Zhi.He absorbed the ideas in Chinese Zen and accretion of'the world and me,and the union of all and me'in Taoism,blended with the landscape concept from Rilke and the Metamorphosis Theory of Goethe,to form his original view of nature which is rich in'universe spirit',and that is all are in u-nion,from the same root,and moving upwards and forward in integration.This view has a strong hu-manistic color.In Landscape ,it focuses on'landscape in the soul',with the flowing feeling of benign and open-hearted,and the theme of'Right of Life and Death'running through.This wise and mag-nanimous view of life and death is full of personality strength of responsibility,perseverance and posi-tivity.It has a clear and deeply graceful writing style,with the fusion of poetics and philosophy,as well as the lingering charm,like a meditative poetry.%冯至被鲁迅誉为“中国最为杰出的抒情诗人”,其散文集《山水》在中国现代散文中可谓是一个独特的存在。抗战时期,昆明一隅素朴、安静的自然山水成为冯至的精神寓所,冯至汲取中国禅宗、道家“天地与我并生,万物与我一体”的思想,融合里尔克的山水理念以及歌德的蜕变论,形成自己独到的富于“宇宙精神”的自然观,即众生一体、万有同源,一切均在关联变化中向前向上的自然观。这一自然观具有强烈的人本主义色彩。《山水》关注“灵魂里的山川”,流淌着光风霁月的情怀,贯穿着“正当的死生”的主旋律。这一睿智坦荡的生死观,充溢着担当、坚忍、积极向上的人格力量。《山水》行文清朗深婉,诗情与哲思水乳交融,韵味悠长,宛如一首沉思的诗。

  11. 顺丰速运C2B电子商务网站设计初探%Exploration of Shun Feng Express' E-commerce Website Design On C2B

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛慧敏; 吴麟麟; 陈龙; 许人义

    2011-01-01

    Based on detailed analysis on value-added logistics service and C2B operational mode,we set Shun Feng Express as an example and then come up with a proposal about the value-added logistics services on C2B platform.This proposal includes expatiation on new-typed C2B concept;analytic data about market efficiency,actualities of e-commerce and costs of website design;risk assessment on Shun Feng's use of C2B website via fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method.Having colligated all the aspects mentioned,we finally prove our proposal has a great practicability.%在对物流增值服务及C2B模式进行分析的基础上,以顺丰速运为例,提出了基于C2B电子商务网站的物流增值服务的方案,并对新型C2B商务模型的概念进行了详细阐述。并通过对电子商务现状的分析、市场效益的分析、网站设计成本的分析以及运用模糊综合评价的方法对顺丰速运C2B电子商务网站的风险进行评估,验证了方案的切实可行性。

  12. Morphological Analysis on Dr. LAU Feng-shueh’s Neo-classical Dance%刘凤学“新古典”舞蹈文化形态分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李超

    2015-01-01

    本文以台湾刘凤学“新古典舞团”舞蹈作品为例,对舞蹈艺术在当代文化语境下的“新古典”形态进行考察,并从训练方法、剧场演出形态、创作观等几个方面对刘凤学之“新古典”舞蹈观念进行文化形态分析研究。文章通过“文化的身体与技术的身体”两个层面的阐述对刘凤学唐乐舞训练之途径和目的展开探讨,从“古典精神的当代时态”之角度集中论述了刘凤学唐乐舞在形式及审美中与当下时空的融合及对抗,并通过对不同作品的创作分析注述了“新古典”在现代创作中的探索和实践。%This paper explores the Neo-classical dance of Lau feng-shueh ’s dance works existing in the contemporary,and analyzes the conception of Neo-classical dance from the perspectives of body training,morphology of theatre dance and the idea of choreography,explaining the significance and effect of Neo-classical dance in the contemporary choreography and performing practice.

  13. Human Trafficking in Feng Menglong and Ming Dynasty as Seen in Ling Mengchu' s Works%从“三言”“二拍”看明代人口贩卖现象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许菁频

    2011-01-01

    “三言”“二拍”中有关人口贩卖的篇目多达三四十篇,大致可分为亲人贩卖、主人发卖和人贩拐卖三类。人口贩卖既与“钱本位”下的生存压力有关,也与社会黑暗、盗贼猖獗相关。小说对人口贩卖的描写,使我们感受到了封建社会女性地位的低下、忠孝观念对人们思想的禁锢以及明末贞洁观念的渐趋淡薄。%There are thirty to forty stories in the three volumes of Words by Feng Menglong ( 1574 - 1646) and the two volumes of Slapping by Ling Mengchu (1580 -1644) that contain descriptions of human trafficking, falling into three categories: trafficking by families, by owners and by abductors. While the roaring business of human trafficking was attributable to the financial pressure in a money-worshipping society, it was closely related to the social injustice and prevalence of robbery and burglary at that time. From the descriptions in the novels we can infer the low status of women in the feudal society, the shackles of the so-called loyalty and filial piety on people' s mind, and the diminished concept of chastity during the end of the Ming dynasty ( 1368 - 1644).

  14. 论“三言”女性形象死亡叙事的审美意蕴%On Aesthetic Connotation of Death Narration of Female Images in FENG meng-long's Three Novel Collections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧国书

    2012-01-01

    In his three collections of novels, FENG Meng-long combined the traditional concepts and time spirit and fe- male images were no longer the disaster sources and tools. When alive, they were real and had their own life stage. As for death, they lost their lives for their dreams hence they had their unique aesthetic features. The common narrative aesthetic fea- tures of positive figures are no hesitation to die for justice or a debt of gratitude and brave pursuit for love and self-respect. While the narrative aesthetic significance of the negative figures lies in that the malefactors, carnalists or degenerated deserved their punishment or flogging.%在“三言”中冯梦龙将传统观念与时代精神糅合塑造的女性形象不再是“祸水”和“工具”。生时,她们成为了实实在在的人,有鲜活的人生舞台;死时,她们为自己的理想和欲望而献身,具有独特的审美属性。正面形象,死亡叙事的审美共性是为正义、为报恩不惜一死的崇高;对爱、对尊严勇敢追逐的深情赞美。反面形象,死亡叙事的审美意味是作恶者、纵欲者的罪有应得;对丑、对堕落的无情鞭挞。

  15. The Influence of Cultural Anthropology on Zhou Zuo-ren’s Translation of Ancient Greek Literature%文化人类学对周作人译介古希腊文学的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兵

    2012-01-01

    As an important thinker during the May the Fourth Movement,Zhou Zuo-ren was greatly influenced by the concepts of cultural anthropology which,at that time,was unfolding itself in the west.Cultural anthropology exerts profound influences upon Zhou’s humane thoughts and translations,especially in the terms of translation from ancient Greek literature.This paper starts off from the aspect of Zhou’s reception of cultural anthropology,and proceeds to analyze Zhou’s purpose,accomplishments and features in translating ancient Greek literature.%作为"五四"时期重要的思想家,周作人深受当时西方方兴未艾的文化人类学的影响。文化人类学理论对周作人的人文思想和翻译活动,尤其是对古希腊文学的翻译发挥着深远的影响。他全景式地译介了希腊的神话、诗歌、戏剧,力图全面展示古希腊人的生活、思想、艺术、人生观、世界观,借以开启民众、教化大众。

  16. Research adjective development and its effect from the adjectives of inscriptions in Western-Zhou Dynasty%从西周金文看形容词的发展及其影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅华辰

    2012-01-01

    把殷商甲骨文中的形容词和西周金文中的形容词进行比较可以看出,西周时期形容词的数量增多了,结构复杂了。从词汇的角度看,形容词的发展丰富了汉语的词汇,形容词的语义系统在形容词的发展过程中逐渐完善,这是词汇系统性增强的体现;从语法的角度看,形容词的发展引起了一些性状概念要素表达方式的变化,也就是由综合的表达方式转变为分析的表达方式。%The increase in the number of adjectives and the complexity of structure of adjectives can be seen from comparison of the adjectives of Shang Dynasty Oracle to the adjectives of inscriptions in bronze in the Western Zhou Dynasty. The adjective development enriches the Chinese vocabulary from the perspective of vocabulary, and adjective system strengthen in the process of gradual improvement, which is reflect of the system of Chinese vocabulary increases; Adjective development has caused some traits of concept change of expression from grammatical perspective, namely by comprehensive expression into the analysis expression.

  17. The Judicial Interpretation of Social Justice:Legal Analysis of Zhou Meizhi Appeal Case%社会正义的司法演绎——周关知申诉案法理评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李江发

    2012-01-01

    Justice is the pursuit of social value, while law is the expression of social justice. Justice of the judicial can meet the he requirements of justice to maximize the public interest. The appeal case acceptance and investigation of Zhou Meizhi, who is against the decision of not to prosecute, to achieve the people's emotions, social justice and the combination of legal specification, revealed in the context of building a harmonious society, judicial decisions and the recognition of social justice is necessity and feasibility .%正义是社会的价值追求,法是社会正义的表达,正义的司法是能够满足社会公众利益最大化要求的司法。周美知等人不服不起诉决定申诉案的受理和查处,实现了民众情感、社会公理和法律规范的有机结合,揭示了在构建和谐社会的语境下司法决定和社会正义价值认同的必要性与可行性。

  18. The Piercing Requiem---A Commentary on Zhou Daxin’s Novel Requiem%穿透骨髓的安魂曲*--评周大新长篇小说《安魂》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓伟

    2014-01-01

    With a resolute attitude,Zhou Daxin discusses the issue of life and death after the narration of the loss of his son,within his oeuvre nouveau,i.e.Requiem,in which the mode of dialogue with the son who died young is adopted to represent author’s metaphysical thought on the life and death issue,and his transcendence over the personal depression as well as the insightful humanist reflection on the present society.%周大新的新作《安魂》讲述了在痛失爱子之后,作家以一种毅然的姿态展开对生命与死亡这个命题的探寻,以与早逝的儿子对话的方式来呈现作者关于“生死”的形而上思考,并且跳出个人的悲痛,以深厚的人文关怀对当下进行了深邃的审视。

  19. 贵州大学生学习情况调查问卷的编制研究%A Study on the Questionnaire of Learning Situation for Undergraduate in GuiZhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余水

    2012-01-01

    目的:编制大学生学习情况调查问卷。方法:在文献研究的基础上,构建学习情况的理论维度,编写问卷题目。对在校大学生两次预测,并检验问卷的信度、效度。结果:各项指标显示,本问卷具有良好的信度和效度。%Objective: Constructing the questionnaire of learning situation for undergraduate in GuiZhou. Methods : On the basis of literature review, studied the concept of learning situation, and composited the theoretical construct of questiong- naire and it' s item. And examine its reliability and validity testing by twice tests for undergraduate. Results:Every psy- chometrics index all show: The Questionnaire of Learning Situation had good reliability and validity.

  20. 矛盾行为下隐藏的"创伤"情结——探寻周朴园复杂人格之因%The Hidden"Trauma Complex"under the Contradictory Behavior:to Explore the Reasons of Zhou Puyuan's Complex Personality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静

    2015-01-01

    As one of the most controversial figures,Zhou Puyuan in the novel Thunderstorm has always been endowed with multiple evaluations. And Zhou Puyuan becomes a vivid and typical image,which has a multi-dimensional personality charm.. From the perspec?tive of traumatic emotion,this paper describes the reasons of Zhou Puyuan's different personality deriving from early emotional trauma, which really affects his life. He is a victim of the tragedy too.%《雷雨》里的周朴园作为一个极有争议性的人物,一直以来都被赋予了多重的评价.这也使得这个人物形象得以成为一个立体生动的典型,具有了多维人格的魅力.本文从创伤性情感体验的角度出发,认为周朴园两极性格形成之因来源于早年情感创痛,并对他的整个人生都产生了巨大的影响,他同样是这场悲剧的受害者.

  1. Let Chin P’ ing Mei Study Shining Glory of Speculative Philosophy---On Zhou Juntao’ s Chin P’ ing Mei Study Series%让《金瓶梅》研究闪耀哲学思辨的光辉--读《周钧韬金瓶梅研究文集》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付善明

    2013-01-01

    Mr.Zhou Juntao is a famous scholar of Chin P ’ing Mei,and Zhou Juntao Jin Ping Mei Study Series is his com-prehensive expression of Chin P ’ ing Mei study .The prominent characteristics of Zhou Juntao ’ s study is the high level acces-sion,the text study specialty is “on the realism to the theory”,and his study shows a very strong philosophical overtones . Some of his views have great impact ,and his studies are of important contributions to Chin P ’ ing Me academic sectors .%周钧韬先生是一位著名的金学家,《周钧韬金瓶梅研究文集》是其《金瓶梅》研究集大成的作品。周钧韬《金瓶梅》研究的突出特点是高层次加入,文本研究特色是“就实论虚”,其金学研究呈现出很强的哲学思辨色彩。他的一些观点有较大影响,为《金瓶梅》研究做出了重要贡献。

  2. Son Excellence Monsieur Nicolas Niemtchinow Ambassadeur Représentant permanent de la France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies à Genève et des organisations internationales en Suisse à l'occasion de l'inauguration de l'exposition industrielle la France au CERN et de l’ouverture de l’Assemblée générale du Groupement des Français du CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Guillaume, Jeanneret

    2014-01-01

    Son Excellence Monsieur Nicolas Niemtchinow Ambassadeur Représentant permanent de la France auprès de l’Office des Nations Unies à Genève et des organisations internationales en Suisse à l'occasion de l'inauguration de l'exposition industrielle la France au CERN et de l’ouverture de l’Assemblée générale du Groupement des Français du CERN

  3. A Brief Analization of the Contextual Beauty of the Black Humor in FENG Xiao-gang's New-year-congradualting Films%冯小刚贺岁电影中黑色幽默的语境美

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静怡

    2011-01-01

    The language of the characters in FENG Xiao-gang's New-year-congradulating Films are rich in the expressive force.The outstanding features of his film language lie in the jocosity and jokiness of his characters'dialogues with the thinking of the life philosophy,and thus his unique language style-black humor forms.The exertion of the humor in FENG's films fully depends on the well-composed context by the author.In Feng's films,the importance of context is reflecteted in the different relationgships of the context with other important factors including wording,type of writing,sound,trope,the meaning within or beyond the language itself and so on.No other factors than the organic combination of black humor with its context can help us taste the beauty of context in the language with black humor,enjoy the black humor in the beauty of context,and accordingly further understand the author's intention and leitmotiv.%冯小刚贺岁作品中的人物语言极富表现力。其电影语言的特性表现在人物对白的诙谐性和调侃性上,幽默中带有生活哲理的思考,形成了黑色幽默的语言风格。综观其作品,语境的重要性主要体现于语境和用词、语体、语音、修辞、意内言外诸要素的关系中。正是由于黑色幽默和语境的有机结合,才让我们在黑色幽默的语言中感受语境美,在语言的语境美中品味黑色幽默,从而更好地理解作者的创作意图和主旨。

  4. Loss of Genetic Diversity of Domesticated Panax notoginseng F H Chen as Evidenced by ITS Sequence and AFLP Polymorphism: A Comparative Study with P. stipuleanatus H T Tsai et K M Feng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi-Liang ZHOU; Gao-Ming XIONG; Zhong-Yi LI; Jun WEN

    2005-01-01

    In the present study, we evaluated the genetic diversity of Panax notoginseng F H Chen, a domesticated species, and P. stipuleanatus H T Tsai et K M Feng, an endangered wild species in southeastern Yunnan and adjacent areas in Vietnam, using sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. Twenty-four accessions from three plantations of P. notoginseng and 51 samples from eight populations of P. stipuleanatus were assayed. A total of 694 bp of partial sequences of 18S, ITS 1, 5.8S, ITS2, and partial sequences of 26S were obtained. No sequence variation was detected within P. notoginseng and nine sites (1.30%) were variable in P. stipuleanatus. Two-thirds of the variable sites were found between Langqiao and other populations. In P. notoginseng, four pairs of AFLP primer combinations generated 312 bands, of which 240 (76.9%) were polymorphic and 60.15% of the polymorphisms were harbored within plantations. Approximately 41.0% and 66.9% of bands were polymorphic in population D7 and 5589, respectively. In P.stipuleanatus, the same four primer combinations produced 346 bands, of which 334 (96.5%) were polymorphic and approximately 62.14% of polymorphisms were maintained within populations. Considerable variations were observed. The percentage of polymorphic bands ranged from 50.2% to 84.9% and the average over populations was 70.9%. Cluster analysis did not show correlation of genetic differentiation with the distinctive leaf morphology of P. stipuleanatus (i.e. one form with bipinnatifid leaflets and the other with undivided leaflets). Because over 40% of genetic variations were maintained among populations and because of the very restricted distribution of P. stipuleanatus, all natural populations of this species should be conserved in situ. Considering that there are variations in P. notoginseng within and among plantations, we suggest establishing a genetic resource

  5. Determination of the Amino Acids Content in the BaFeng Amino Acids Oral Liquid with Accq.Tag Method%Accq. Tag法测定氨基酸口服液的氨基酸含量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永波; 汪大顺; 覃建华; 饶斌; 覃兰

    2001-01-01

    采用AccQ.Tag法对氨基酸口服液中游离氨基酸和牛磺酸含量 进行了分离测定。产品中氨基酸总量达85 mg/ml以上,共13种氨基酸。必需氨基酸与非必需 氨基酸比例为2.20~2.50∶1,支/芳比为2.30~2.55∶1.配方接近于FAO氨基酸比例模式,以 FAO氨基酸模式及化学评分评价了该制剂的营养价值,基本上不存在限制氨基酸,化学评分 均在90分以上。%The separation of the Taurine and Determintion of the f ree amino acids content in BaFeng Amino Acids Oral Liquid with AccQ.Tag mothod was described. The total amino acids contents are more than 8500 mg/100 ml. Ther e were thirteen sorts of free amino acids in this product indicating that the pr oduct was made of crystal free amino acids. The ratio of essential amino acids a nd other amino acids was between 2.20:1and 2.50∶1, the ratio of brench-chain amino acids and sweet-scented amino acids was 2.30--2.55∶1. The patterns of am ino acids component is near to the pattern recommended by FAO. According to the ratios and the patterns of amino acids recommended by FAO, the nutritive values of the product were evaluated. From the results, it was found that there was no limiting amino acids and the chemical scor of amino acids was more than ninety-f ive.

  6. 生存与命运的言说——对周全平《苦笑》集的解读%The Speech of Survival and Fate: Unscrambling Zhou Quanping′s Bitter Smile Collection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋晓雪

    2012-01-01

    Zhou Quanping,a small potato of the Creation Society with oblivion in literature history,had enriched Chinese modern literature in his unique way.However,he suffered a lifetime of frustrations firstly as an important role of the Creation Society,but was pushed aside later.He joined the Left-Winger Organization and became desolate finally.His novels had quite different style compared to his colleagues in the Creation Society without Romantic sentimental mood but more critique for the unjust of society and exposing of the cruel reality.In this,way he kept an eye on people′s survival and fate.%周全平是创造社的"小伙计",在文学史册上也几近被埋没,但不能否定,周全平的确是一个用特殊创作方式丰富了中国现代文学的作家。他经历坎坷,起初是创造社的重要成员,后被排挤,加入左翼,最后落寞于文坛。他的小说风格不同于创造社的其他成员,很少有浪漫感伤的情绪,更多的是对社会不公的批判和对残酷现实的揭露,同时以时间编码来阐释生命在历史变幻中的厚重感,以此来关照人的生存状态和对命运的抗争。

  7. The Relationship of Womenˊs Liberation Thoughts Between Zhou Zuoren and Akiko Yosano%与谢野晶子与周作人妇女解放思想之关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王妍妍; 夏艺

    2015-01-01

    周作人的妇女解放思想是新文化运动破除封建迷信,引进西方科学精神,追求个性解放思潮中的重要组成部分,在中国妇女解放思想史上具有突出的地位和社会影响。他的思想虽然受到近代西方进化论、人本主义、文化人类学等外来思想的影响,但是,其女性个体意识、人格独立、男女平等、贞操观等非常有价值的思想,在很多方面与日本女诗人、社会评论家与谢野晶子的女性观具有十分密切的关系。%ZHOU Zuo-renˊs women liberation thoughts is an important part of the New Cultural Movement which broke the feudal superstition, introduced western science spirit and pursued the liberation of personality, it has a prominent place and social impact in Chinese history of women liberation. Although his thoughts were influenced by modern western theory of evolution, humanistic, cultural anthropology and other foreign ideas ,some of his valuable ideas like individual consciousness of women, personality independence, equality between men and women and chastity view have very close relationship with the views of Yosano Akiko who is the female poet, social critic in Japan.

  8. 西周园林:从娱神到娱人的美育思想%Gardens in Western Zhou Dynasty:The Thought about Aesthetic Education from Adoring Gods to Enjoying Human Being

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔青青; 李丹

    2015-01-01

    The gardens in Western Zhou Dynasty reflected the diversification from adoring gods to enjoying human being about aesthetic thought of the Pre-Qin Period. This conversion had affected Chinese peopleˊs ethos deeply. On the one hand,Chinese attached great importance to their self-cultivation;on the other hand,they also drew attention to the combination of self-cultivation and society integration. They were devotional and persistent and would never fall into the extreme position of denying themselves. They took public affairs on their own shoulder and had a sense of "compassion" and never went away from the masses. These results were the influence of the conversion about the thought of aesthetic education in the Pre-Qin Period.%西周园林反映了我国先秦美学思想从娱神到娱人的转变,即从崇拜神到肯定人的主体性,这种转变深深地影响了此后中国人的精神气质。一方面中国人极其重视个人的德行修养,另一方面又将这种自我修养与入世精神相结合,既富有深情,又执着,但又不至于走向自我否定的极端境地;既有一种“天下”情怀,以天下事为己事,又有一种“悲天悯人”的情怀,始终不曾远离底层。这些都是先秦美育思想在这一时期转变的结果。

  9. 超越死亡的亲情救赎--评周大新的《安魂》%Redemption of Kinship beyond Death A Comment on Zhou Daxin’s Requiem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺玉高

    2015-01-01

    周大新小说《安魂》的前半部分既不脱离日常真实生活的气息,又通过死亡视角升华了日常生活,使小说表达的亲情感人至深。小说后半部分所虚构的天国来信既有对亲人灵魂得救的期望,又有对人生意义的拷问,还有对乌托邦世界的想象。小说的某种非个人化因素影响了作品更丰富意蕴空间的产生,但此小说的价值不能单从审美方面考虑,救赎也是文学同样重要的功能。%The first part of Zhou Daxin’s novel Requiem is very moving for it sublimates the affection between son and his father under the background of common life.The latter part conceives of letters from heaven,which contain expectation of redemption of his son,the questioning of meaning of life,and the imagination of Utopia. Some non -individual factors bar the rise of more abundant and meaningful space in the novel,but the value of the novel cannot be considered only by its aesthetic aspects,and redemption is of the same importance.

  10. Nationalist Party how to deal with the class struggle in great strike of GuangZhou and Hongkong%省港罢工中的阶级斗争与国民党的应对

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐振岐

    2014-01-01

    早期国民党人对阶级斗争有着相当准备的认识,但国民党主张阶级调和,反对阶级斗争。然而在国民革命实践中,存在着大量的阶级斗争事实,以省港罢工来说,以反对帝国主义为直接斗争目标,使得其中的阶级斗争呈现出既联合又斗争的现象。国民党在扶助农工同时,提倡工商联合积极协调双方的矛盾纷争,虽有一定成效,但由于国民党阶级的局限性,也因为国民党对民族矛盾之下的阶级矛盾认识片面,所以,无法正确处理省港罢工中的阶级斗争。%Early Nationalists understanding of class struggle has quite ready, but Nationalist Party advocated class reconcile op-posing class struggle.However, in practice the national revolution, there are a lot of class struggle fact, speaking to Hong Kong strike, direct struggle against imperialism and for the goal, which makes the class struggle and struggle jointly exhibit both phenome-na.Nationalist Party assist farmers and workers while advocating for Industry and Commerce jointly actively coordinate their contradic-tions disputes, despite some success, but due to the limitations of the Kuomintang class, but also because Nationalist Party ethnic conflicts under one-sided understanding of class contradictions, so Nationalist Party can not deal with class struggle in the great strike of GuangZhou and Hongkong.

  11. Ways of the World and the Life——On the Flavor of Folk Custom Culture of Feng Zikai's prose creation%世态人生皆风情——论丰子恺散文创作的民俗文化元素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽琼

    2011-01-01

    Feng Zikai's prose creation involves the social life,containing the rich flavor of folk custom culture,especially the prose recalling hometown people and affairs and the diaries describing what he saw and heard in Guilin in the Sino-Japanese War.Feng Zika%丰子恺的散文创作涉及社会人生的方方面面,蕴含着丰富的民俗文化元素,特别是在对故乡人事的回忆和描摹的散文以及在抗战时期逃难桂林的见闻日记里,丰子恺以清新趣味的笔调为我们描绘了一幅幅民情风俗画卷。丰子恺散文创作的民俗文化元素具体体现在,通过对饮食、方言俗语、人物称谓、岁时节日、信仰与禁忌等民俗文化元素的运用,构成他的散文的一些主要情节,揭示人物性格,营造环境氛围,体现作品浓厚的地方特色和传统文化底蕴。

  12. Whybrow, Nicolas (2011, Art and the City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Guerreiro Dias

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Zygmunt Bauman escrevia em 1991 que, na pós‑modernidade, o novo flâneur ‘viajante‑jogador’ prefere a irremediável redundância ao jogo da sobrevivência, isto é, o divertimento consciente de si como jogo ‘maduro’ e ‘puro’ que olha o mundo como teatro e a vida como jogo. Em Não‑lugares: introdução a uma antropologia da sobremodernidade (2005, Augé sublinha a necessidade de conferir um sentido, “pela intensidade da experiência” (a performance, ao presente e aos “não‑lugares” do mundo, como cont...

  13. 2052-IJBCS-Article-Nicolas Kiye

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Le Glycine max (L) Merril (soja) est une légumineuse cultivée pour ses graines riches en protéines, en ... Les variétés à graines jaunes ou vertes sont en général plus riches en huile que celles ..... essences végétales appliquées seules, ou en.

  14. The human concept in Nicolas Maquiavelo

    OpenAIRE

    Echandi Gurdián, Marcela

    2013-01-01

    This paper shows the elements underlying the Machiavellian discourse about human reality and behavior throughout ancient history that considers magistra vitae. Its explains why the author makes a deterministic interpretation of the nature of man, even though Machiavelli is recognized as a precursor of human psychology, showing us with countless examples, a naturalism that presupposes a content of the dualism of human nature: rational-instinctive, where the latter is dominant and immutable. ...

  15. The mathematical biophysics of Nicolas Rashevsky.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cull, Paul

    2007-04-01

    N. Rashevsky (1899-1972) was one of the pioneers in the application of mathematics to biology. With the slogan: mathematical biophysics : biology :: mathematical physics ; physics, he proposed the creation of a quantitative theoretical biology. Here, we will give a brief biography, and consider Rashevsky's contributions to mathematical biology including neural nets and relational biology. We conclude that Rashevsky was an important figure in the introduction of quantitative models and methods into biology.

  16. Nicolae Donici- intre admiratie si dispret

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavinschi, Magda

    2013-12-01

    Nicholas Donici belonged to an illustrious family of Moldavian boyars. He devoted his entire life to astronomy, cofounded the International Astronomical Union and was one of the most avid observers of the Sun and of its eclipses. He was born on the 1st/13th September 1874 at Petricani near Chisinau. We have, however, no evidence of the date and place of his death: very likely it happened around 1956, somewhere in southern France. His life took him from St. Petersburg to Odessa, from there to his private observatory on the right bank of the Dniestr, then to Bucharest; he eventually left Romania in 1944 and worked for a while at the Observatory of Paris. I had the rare chance to get to know the last person who hosted him in Romania, another distinguished representative of the family, Mrs. Zoe Donici, who provided unvaluable information about her famous relative. We intend to look back at his unusual life story, entirely devoted to science, which represents a great contribution to the Romanian and universal culture, as witnessed by his work which is preserved in the most important libraries of the world. Nicholas Donici, International Astronomi

  17. Quand Nicolas Sarkozy rencontre Harry Potter.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Dumont

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Ca y est, « il » est là, et bien de retour. Qui ça ? Harry Potter, bien sûr, depuis la nuit du 20 juillet. Et avec lui assurément le cortège de toutes les mauvaises langues qui ne manqueront pas de snober avec dédain un produit mercantile, ou de dépravation des jeunes adolescents contemporains qui ne liraient pas suffisamment de « choses sérieuses » telles que les sciences sociales. Mais avec le come back de Harry Potter, c’est aussi un nouvel épisode qui s’est joué ...

  18. Feng shui pa-kua / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Pa-kua sümbol, kolmikmärkide Varane Taevane Järjestus - yin pa-kua ja Hilisem Taevane Järjestus - yang pa-kua. Inimeste kodude - majade ja aedade kujundamiseks kasutatakse Hilisema Taevase Järjestuse pa-kua'd. Pa-kua kolmikmärgid yang pa-kua järjestuses, soovitusi aia kujundamiseks. 8 ill

  19. Armastuse feng shui / Peeter Rüberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüberg, Peeter

    2000-01-01

    Järg Jan/13;20;27/Feb/3;10;17;23/Mar/2;9;16 ;30/Apr/13/May/4;11 lk. 22;38;56;70;87;102;118;134;150;166;198;230;278 ;296Vanal hiina kodu- ja elukunstil on igaks armuelu juhtumiks varuks praktilisi nõuandeid ja võtteid

  20. Feng shui pa-kua / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Pa-kua sümbol, kolmikmärkide Varane Taevane Järjestus - yin pa-kua ja Hilisem Taevane Järjestus - yang pa-kua. Inimeste kodude - majade ja aedade kujundamiseks kasutatakse Hilisema Taevase Järjestuse pa-kua'd. Pa-kua kolmikmärgid yang pa-kua järjestuses, soovitusi aia kujundamiseks. 8 ill

  1. Armastuse feng shui / Peeter Rüberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüberg, Peeter

    2000-01-01

    Järg Jan/13;20;27/Feb/3;10;17;23/Mar/2;9;16 ;30/Apr/13/May/4;11 lk. 22;38;56;70;87;102;118;134;150;166;198;230;278 ;296Vanal hiina kodu- ja elukunstil on igaks armuelu juhtumiks varuks praktilisi nõuandeid ja võtteid

  2. 西安地区周秦汉与隋唐时期古都文化之主要内涵与基本特点%Main implications and. basic features of the ancient city culture of Xi'an in Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui and Tang Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱士光

    2011-01-01

    In order explore the main implications and basic features of the ancient city cuhue of Xi'an in different dynasties, the paper analyzes the city planning, construction, layout and the architec- tural ideology in West Zhou, Qin, West Han, Sui and Tang Dynasties with the help of a huge amounts of documents. The analysis finds that the culture in the West Zhou cities fully displays the rites and music culture of Zhou Dynasty; the ancient city culture in Qin Dynasty shows the great unification spirit and the Chang'an culture in Han Dynasty integrates the related theories of the earlier dynasties and at the same time has its creative sense. In contrast, the Chang'an culture in Sui and Tang Dynasties indicates its opening-up orientation in its multi-phase cultures.%为探究西安地区各朝代古都文化之主要内涵与基本特点,结合大量史料,对西周、秦、西汉、隋与唐王朝都城之规制、建设、平面布局、主要建筑之思想理念进行剖析。分析认为:西周都城文化充分反映了周代礼乐文化;秦都城文化体现了大一统的精神;汉长安城文化以尊儒思想为主体,整合了前朝相关理论,并有所创新;隋唐长安城文化表征了多元文化的开放气象。

  3. 周“礼制”与《考工记·匠人营国》对早期都城形态的影响%The Influence of the Ritual Ethics of the Zhou Dynasty and “The National Engineering Standards for Capital Construction” on the Capital Urban Form in Ancient China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦泽阳

    2012-01-01

    The paper first analyzes the impact of the ritual ethics on the capital form in the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn Period in the Chinese history. It covers discussions on the spatial forms and layout plans of clan temples, imperial palaces and city markets. By referring to an ancient book entitled "The Ritual Ethics of the Zhou Dynasty: National Engineering Standards for Capital Construction" ( "The Standards" ), the paper argues that the ritual ethics of the Zhou Dynasty helped maintain the power structure and inheritance at the theoretical level in ancient China while" The Standards" explicate the city building methodology at the practical level. By following stated construction rules, an idealized capital city that embodies the ritual ethics would emerge. However, due to the socioeconomic constraints in the Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and the Autumn Period, city building could not strictly follow the rules set in "The Standards" . Therefore, no city built during that period of time could have perfectly embodied the ritual ethics as the exemplary city of Beijing did in the Ming and Qing Dynasty.%通过分析周“礼制”伦理思想对西周和春秋战国时期都城形态元素:宗庙、宫殿和市场的空间形态和布局的影响,阐述了其与《考工记·匠人营国》这一历史文献的关联.提出周“礼制”是在“道”的伦理思想层面上维护了权力的宣扬和继承,而《考工记·匠人营国》则是在“器”层面上指导和实施营建符合周“礼制”的理想化都城模式.只是由于西周和春秋战国时期社会形态和经济技术发展水平的局限才未出现如后世北京那样经典的,符合礼制都城形态的案例.

  4. Human Rationality:The Essence of “Scientific”Which Zhou Zuoren Advocated%人文理性:周作人所倡“科学”的实质内核

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄江苏

    2013-01-01

      周作人对“五四”时期的主题话语之一的科学,保持着疏远和警惕的态度,因为那时候他专注于文学的园地,强调人文艺术对人类精神的独特价值。从20世纪20年代末期,他内心发生“由情转智”的变化以及与革命文学的论争以后,“科学”成为他最看重的文章主题。他把科学的源头上溯到原始儒家的“疾虚妄”与古典希腊的“爱智慧”精神,实际上是人文理性的立场。这种主张人间生活伦理须以科学知识为本、科学理性又必须合乎人间生活之用的立场,强调“常识”的精神,对于科学工具理性的迷失与当今社会玄虚乱象的匡正,有着巨大的启示意义。%Zhou Zuoren kept alienated from and vigilant against“science”, which was an important theme during the May Fourth period, because at that time he focused on literature, emphasizing the unique value of arts and humanities to human spirit.In the late 1920s, after his change of mind and the controversy of revolutionary literature,“science” became the theme of his most im-portant articles.He traced back to the source of“science”, the original Confucian“disease falseness” and classical Greek spirit of“love of wisdom” which, in fact, is the position of human rationality.The claim that the ethics of human life must be based on scientific knowledge, scientific rationality and must be in line with the position of the life on earth emphasizes the spirit of“common sense” science and instrumental rationality lost in today's mysterious social chaos remedy.It is of great significance to explain the loss of scientific and instrumental rationality and get rid of today's mysterious social chaos.

  5. 独立美与无形功利--论周作人20年代个性的文学观%Independent Aesthetics and Intangible Utilitarian in Double Value of Literature In Zhou Zuoren’s Featured Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑莉

    2013-01-01

      在周作人文学思想的演变过程中,文学的价值和作用始终是他关注的焦点。本文围绕周作人在20世纪20年代初期“个性的文学”观,探讨文学的“独立美与无形功利”,其中,最重要的是独立的艺术美,其次才是无形的功利。独立美既是指作品中的真挚强烈的感情和鲜明的个性,又包含着作者对艺术技巧的把握和运用;无形功利是指文艺对读者潜移默化、无意为之的精神涵养的作用。周作人的“独立美与无形功利”既符合文学自身的本质特点,亦是对文学特殊功能的体认和维护。%In the process of Zhou Zuoren’s the literary thought, the literary value and function is his concern. The paper focuses on Zhou’s featured literature in the 1920s to explore independent aesthetics and intangible utilitarian, in which the most significance is the independent artistic aesthetics, and the next intangible utilitarian. Independent aesthetics refers to the passionate feelings and featured characters in works, which contains the understanding and practice of author’s artistic technique, while intangible utilitarian is the intrinsic spiritual functions of literature to readers. Zhou’s theory, “independent aesthetics and intangible utilitarian”, is geared to the nature of literature and to the maintenance and reorganization of particular functions of literature.

  6. 特殊而真实的证词--读周大新的长篇小说《曲终人在》%Analysis of ZhouDaxin's Full-length Novel Quzhongrenzai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志兰

    2015-01-01

    ZhouDaxin's novel Quzhongrenzai is undoubtedly an important works in 2015 about the officers ’ story .Through a copy of testimonies provided by respondents of hero ’ s networking , the author restores an ordinary official's life and psychological journey.Unique narrative ethical tendencies becomes a new scale of this novel , this narrative ethical tendency specifically reflected in writer's moral inquiry of officialdom , and moral thinking on official mission and responsibilities .In addition, seamless connection between novel materials and new and unique art form is also one of the highlights of the novel , and the quasi documentary literature a new liberal form makes the form itself becomes part of the story .%作家周大新的长篇小说新作《曲终人在》无论是从思想内容还是艺术形式来说,都无疑是2015年官场小说的重要收获。作者通过主人公人际关系网中受访者们提供的一份份证词,多角度还原了一个普通官员的人生轨迹和心路历程。独特的叙事伦理倾向成为这部小说的一个新尺度,这种叙事伦理倾向具体体现在作家对官场的道德叩问,对为官的使命、责任的道德思考。此外,小说材料与新颖独特的艺术形式之间的无缝衔接也是这部小说的一大亮点,“拟纪实文学”这种新颖的艺术形式,使得形式本身成为故事的一部分。

  7. Engineering Geological Investigation and Monitor of Jinglan Bridge Reconstruction in LiuZhou%柳州市静兰大桥改建工程地质勘察及监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关键超; 韦少典

    2012-01-01

    柳州市静兰大桥改建工程是将一座1992年8月建成通车、总长550m、主桥为5孔90rn跨的钢筋混凝土箱肋拱桥拆除原地重建,使桥面宽度由原来的16.5m扩至31m,桥面标高由原来的97m升高至98.6m。原桥位于河水中的四个桥墩乃利用石灰岩作浅基础形式,潜水录像显示墩基结构基本完好,但原灌浆固结处理溶蚀沟槽里的砾卵石层已不同程度地被淘蚀。通过勘察工作分析,认为经过基底补强处理后,利用旧桥墩建新桥的方案是可行的。%LiuZhou Jinglan Bridge is a Reinforced concrete box arch bridge, the overall length 550m, The main bridge for 5 holes 90m cross and built in August 1992. The project of the bridge reconstruction is to dismantle and rebuild it in the same place and to broaden the width of the bridge from 16.5 to 31 m, heighten the demarcate height from 97m to 98.6m. The shallow basement modalities of the former four piers lying in the river is limestone, as the diving video shows, the framework of the pier foundation is in good condition. But the former gravel pebble stratum in the corrode groove which treated by grouting concretion has been scouring; Through reconnaissance and job analysis, I think it's feasible that build the new bridge which base on the former piers after reinforcing the fundus.

  8. Mao ZedongZhou Enlai's contribution to solve the Taiwan issue%谈毛泽东、周恩来对解决台湾问题的贡献

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋继和; 练强

    2012-01-01

    毛泽东、周恩来为了祖国的完全统一大业,殚精竭虑,辛勤耕耘。在新中国建立后,始终把“解放台湾”、完成祖国完全统一问题放在重要地位,并适时实现了从武力解放到和平解放的战略转变,提出了进行国共第三次合作的倡议,从而有力推动了祖国统一的历史进程。两位伟人密切合作,洞察国内外形势变化,及时制定出符合实际情况的方针、政策,并贯彻落实到实际工作中去。他们的伟大贡献,相得益彰,交相辉映,铸就了中华民族走向完全统一的辉煌之路,为我们后人留下了宝贵的精神遗产。%Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai racked their brains and worked hard for the complete unification of our motherland. Since the New China established, the liberation of Taiwan in order to complete the reunification of China had been put in an important place. And at the right moment the liberation strategy had been changed from relying on military force to peace. They proposed the third cooperation of the Kuomintang and the Communist Party, and it had promoted the process of reunification powerfully. The two great man cooperated closely and they discerned the change of domestic and foreign situation. Also they worked out the principles and policies on the basis of the reality and carried out them into actual work. Their great contribution complemented to each other and enhaced the other one's beauty. This led the Chinese nation to the unification road magnificently, and it had left the precious energetic inheritance for the posterity.

  9. Afifi Mohammad, Chih Rachida, Marino Brigitte, Michel Nicolas et Tamdogan Isik (ed., Sociétés rurales ottomanes, Ottoman Rural Societies, Institut français d’archéologie orientale, 2005, Le Caire, Cahier des Annales islamologiques 25-2005.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colette Establet

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans l’introduction, Nicolas Michel part d’une constatation : dans la seconde moitié du xxe siècle, l’éloignement des problématiques marxistes (stade féodal, mode de production asiatique a entraîné un reflux sensible des études rurales dans le domaine ottoman.  Cette évolution est propre à l’histoire ottomane : depuis quelques années, en effet, des historiens britanniques, français, allemands, se sont penchés sur l’étude des campagnes en tant que telles, non pas pour en intégrer l’histoire d...

  10. 提升连云港市城市品牌影响力的路径选择--以雷锋车精神新的时代内涵为切入点%Lianyungang City Brand Influence Route Choice:To Lei Feng car Spirit Connotation as the Breakthrough Point of the New Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽; 王亚光

    2013-01-01

    All over the country cities in building its own brand,in order to enhance in the national and global influence.Lianyungang city invested a lot of energy,actively promote its superior geographical loca-tion,unique scenery,the rich product resources,the formation of a certain influence,but the propaganda lack of humanistic spirit.Especially for the spirit of lianyungang city unique LeiFengChe refining,packa-ging,promotion is not enough,not the Lei Feng car spirit as an important part of city brand construction system is considered.Is the basic characteristic and important role of city brand and incorporate LeiF-engChe spirit especially the connotation of the new period,the necessity and importance of urban brand construction,and how to LeiFengChe spirit for further refining,packaging,promotion and further carry forward measures were studied.%全国各地城市都在打造各自的城市品牌,以提升在全国乃至全球的影响力。连云港市投入了大量的精力,积极宣传其优越的地理位置、独特的山海风光、丰富的物产资源,形成了一定的影响力,但对人文精神的宣传力度欠缺。特别是对于连云港市独有的雷锋车精神提炼、包装、推广不够,没有把雷锋车精神作为城市品牌建设的重要组成部分加以系统考虑。就城市品牌的基本特征及重要作用,将雷锋车精神特别是其新时期的内涵纳入城市品牌建设的必要性和重要性,以及如何将雷锋车精神进行进一步提炼、包装、宣传和进一步弘扬的措施进行了研究。

  11. Nicolae Milescu Spătarul - ancestor of a Nobel Laureate - Ilia I. Mecinikov. Part II. Ilia I. Mecinikov’s life and scientific work; 16th of May 2011 - 166 years since the birth of the European scholar; 15th of July 2011 - 95 years since death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan RIGA

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The work showcases the promotion of Romanian lineage - Nicolae Milescu Spătarul (1636-1708 as ancestor of scientist Ilia Ilici Mecinikov (1845-1916, Nobel Laureate (1908.A great figure in world science and bio-medicine, the scientist - creator of two new modernsciences (immunology and gerontology – is claimed and honoured by four nations: Israeli, French,Russian and Ukrainian. Despite his known Romanian descent on his paternal side – biographicallyconsecrated by his wife Olga Mecinikov – Romania has pushed him into oblivion, by not promotingthis historical truth and reality to all.In our country, Prof. Dr. doc. Ilie Th. Riga (1908-1977 publishes in 1930, in the Romanianmagazine, Natura (Nature, Originea românească a lui Metchnikoff (Metchnikoff’s Romanianorigins. In the 2007-2011 period, two of the authors of the work continuously publish, in thecountry and abroad, thus creating Dosarul ascendenţei româneşti al lui Mecinikov (Mecinikov’sfile on his Romanian lineage, for the global informational civilization. They published their worksin printed version: in scientific magazines (2007, 2011, in their own monograph Medicina antiîmbătrânireşi ştiinţele longevităţii (Anti-aging Medicine and Longevity Sciences, (2007, innewspapers Ziua USA (The Day - USA, (2008 and Clipa. Magazinul Actualităţii CulturaleRomâneşti (The Moment. The Romanian Cultural Current Affairs Magazine, (2011, inEnciclopedia medicală Românească (Encyclopaedia of Romanian Medicine, (2009 and also onSorin Riga, Dan Riga, Vasile Man - Nicolae Milescu Spătarul - ancestor of a Nobel Laureate - Ilia I. Mecinikov...250webpages (the online era: www.DacoRomanica.ro (2010, www.revista-studii-uvvg.ro (2011,www.ziuausa.com (2008, www.revistaclipa.com (2011, taken over by other internet websites.

  12. The family name Solimonadaceae Losey et al. 2013 is illegitimate, proposals to create the names 'Sinobacter soli' comb. nov. and 'Sinobacter variicoloris' contravene the Code, the family name Xanthomonadaceae Saddler and Bradbury 2005 and the order name Xanthomonadales Saddler and Bradbury 2005 are illegitimate and notes on the application of the family names Solibacteraceae Zhou et al. 2008, Nevskiaceae Henrici and Johnson 1935 (Approved Lists 1980) and Lysobacteraceae Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and order name Lysobacteriales Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) with respect to the classification of the corresponding type genera Solibacter Zhou et al. 2008, Nevskia Famintzin 1892 (Approved Lists 1980) and Lysobacter Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and importance of accurately expressing the link between a taxonomic name, its authors and the corresponding description/circumscription/emendation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tindall, B J

    2014-01-01

    In a recent publication the name Solimonadaceae Losey et al. 2013 has been proposed as a replacement name for the family name Sinobacteraceae Zhou et al. 2008. This course of action contravenes the current Code governing the nomenclature of prokaryotes, making Solimonadaceae Losey et al. 2013 an illegitimate name that neither has claim to priority nor can be used as a correct name. Closer examination of publications dealing with the taxonomy of members of the genera Solimonas and Sinobacter and the placement of these taxa at the rank of family and order reveal problems associated with the application of the family names Sinobacteraceae Zhou et al. 2008, Nevskiaceae Henrici and Johnson 1935 (Approved Lists 1980) and Lysobacteraceae Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and the order names Lysobacterales Christensen and Cook 1978 (Approved Lists 1980) and Xanthomonadales Saddler and Bradbury 2005.

  13. 周文泉运用柴胡龙骨牡蛎汤合玉屏风散治疗多汗证经验%Experience of ZHOU Wen-quan in treating hyperhidrosis by using Chaihu Longgu Muli Decotion combined with Yupingfeng San

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晋; 苏博; 陈莹珍; 周文泉

    2013-01-01

    The basic mechanism of disease in professor ZHOU Wen-quan treated hyperhidrosis was yin-yang disharmony, defense-exterior insecurity. The insufficient yin could not restrain yang causing increased activity of yang results in fever with spontaneous sweating; the syncope with spontaneous sweating was caused by insufficient yang failing to counterbalance yin resulted in relative exuberance of yin, therefore hyperhidrosis was caused by abnormal exuberance of yin or yang. The therapeutic principles of professor ZHOU treated hyperhidrosis were regulalion of yin and yang and tonify qi to secure the exterior, he often had good therapeutic effect in hyperhidrosis used Chaihu Longgu Muli Decetion combined with Yupinfeng San to regulate yin-yang, triple energizers and waterways and benefit qi secure the exterior to treat sweating.%周文泉教授认为多汗证的基本病机为阴阳失和,卫表不固.阴虚阳必凑,发热而自汗;阳虚阴必乘,发厥而自汗,故多汗证皆属阴阳偏胜所致.当以调整阴阳、益气固表为治则.周教授常用柴胡龙骨牡蛎汤合玉屏风散调整阴阳,益气固表,调和气机,调理三焦,调畅水道,治疗多汗证获效良多.

  14. Clinical Thoughts and Experiences of Treating Epididymitis and Orchitis from Stasis and Heat——Application of Professor ZHOU Zhong Ying's Blood Stasis and Heat Pathology Theory in Treatment of Andrology Diseases%从瘀热辨治子痈的临证思路与经验——周仲瑛教授瘀热病机男科运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王浩; 薛建国

    2016-01-01

    国医大师周仲瑛教授结合多年的临床经验对“瘀热”病机理论进行较为系统的论述.在周仲瑛教授指导下,通过文献分析,结合临床实践,初步探讨子痈瘀热的病机概念、临床表现、辨证思路、组方用药特点,并举案例说明,以更好丰富“瘀热”理论,也为子痈的辨证施治提供新的思路.%Based on years of clinical experience,the Chinese medicine great master ZHOU Zhongying has created a systematic pathogenesis theory of "blood stasis and heat".Under the guidance of Professor Zhou's theory,through analysis of the relating literature,and combined with the clinical practice,this paper discusses the pathogenesis,clinical manifestations,thoughts of differentiation and medication characteristics of blood stasis and heat in epididymitis and orchitis,with a case for illustration.It enriches the theory of "blood stasis and heat" and provides new insights for the treatment of epididymitis and orchitis based on syndrome differentiation.

  15. Internal Causes and Reflections on Wretchedness of Female Existence--Comment on Feng Shui by Fang Fang%世俗环境中的痛楚阴影与美丽光芒——影片万箭穿心的女性主义阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静

    2012-01-01

    Based on an ordinary female worker Li Baoli's marriage tragedy, Fang Fang describes her suffering, reveals the internal causes of wretchedness of modem female existence, and reflects how women maintain self-value and dignity in their marriages and family lives in her novel Feng Shui.%方方《万箭穿心》围绕普通女工李宝莉的婚姻悲剧,道尽了其处于生活中的种种痛苦。作者以冷峻的笔调揭露了现代女性生存之痛的内在原因,同时也反思女性在婚姻家庭生活中如何保持自我价值和尊严。

  16. The Value of Western Yunnan Anti-Japanese Novels--A Case Study of the Jian Sao Feng Yan written by the peasant writer, Duan Peidong%数年铸一卷剑扫风烟直--滇西抗战小说《剑扫风烟》艺术价值探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘蜀子

    2016-01-01

    《剑扫风烟》是农民作家段培东滇西抗战三部曲的第一部长篇纪实小说,全书三十余万字,以简明的结构,质朴的语言,栩栩如生的人物群象,生动的细节描写向我们勾勒了当年腾冲沦陷,人民浴血奋战的悲壮景象。%The Jian Sao Feng Yan written by the peasant writer, Duan Peidong, is the first one of his western Yunnan anti-Japanese documentary trilogy. The 300 thousand words novel lively depicts the history of the brave people fighting the Japanese invaders in Tengchong with simple structure, plain language and vivid figures.

  17. Connotation of the Enlightenment Discourse and Debate about“National Form” in Literature and Art from Perspective of HU Feng s Doubt%启蒙话语交锋与“民族形式”文艺论争的实际内涵--以胡风的质疑为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕海

    2013-01-01

    The debate about “national form” in literature and art around 1940 s involved a series of theo-retical issues such as how to use old form, and the appraisement of“May 4th Movement”, etc. HU Feng, who had analyzed and questioned the debate, not only criticized the viewpoint of the Popular Reading Publishing House,i. e. ,“new character was born out of the‘old character’”, but also disagreed with other left-wing writ-ers. He was actually adhering to the May 4th Enlightened Literature Tradition initiated by LU Xun. The fact that HU Feng was criticized indicates that the“National Form” literature movement was intertwined with politi-cal ideology, which marked the beginning of the intellectuals. destiny of being transformed.%20世纪40年代前后文艺的“民族形式”论争,涉及了如何利用旧形式、评价“五四”新文学等一系列的理论问题。胡风对“民族形式”论争的分析,既批评了通俗读物编刊社“新质发生于旧质的胎内”的观点,也与其他左翼作家的意见不同,实际上是坚持鲁迅所开创的“五四”启蒙文学传统。胡风的质疑和被批判,显示了“民族形式”运动文学与政治意识形态纠缠的实际内涵,同时也标志着知识分子被改造命运的开始。

  18. Borna disease virus in blood of cattle infect detection in Gui Zhou and surrounding areas%贵州省及部分周边地区牛博尔纳病病毒感染的情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海军; 王长明; 谢婷婷; 王顺旺; 徐平

    2011-01-01

    with He80/FR (nt 1660 T-C,nt 1669 A-G,nt 1672 C-T mutation rate of 3%). However,there was no change in the encoding amino acid residues. Conclusion There is BDV natural infection probably originated from cattle of Gui Zhou and surrounding areas,also probably is one of the prevalence regions of BDV. BDV might play a potential role in the development of human having correlations with animals.

  19. Historical Responsibility Thought of Intergenerational Climate Justice:Discussion with Dr. XU Feng%代际气候正义中的历史责任沉思--兼与徐峰博士商榷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶方兴

    2014-01-01

    The formation of climate change is not only a specific social and historical process, and also a process of constantly from local to global. As a product of modern industrial civilization, the issue of climate change is the consequence of modernity. Intergenerational climate justice deals with the relationship between in-tergenerational justice on climate resource allocation and consumption, mainly includes the former generations should bear what kind of historical responsibility and contemporary people have what kind of obligation for the future. In identification of the historical responsibility of Intergenerational climate justice, Dr. Xu Feng proposed“pardonable ignorance” can not disclaim for atmospheric pollution behavior of developed countries or the previ-ous generation�s exemption. The basis of historical responsibility in the developed countries is “reasonable care”. Human beings must conduct social cooperation under the condition of limited resources, and the “rea-sonable care” is able to guarantee the smooth realization of the social cooperation and social development;Cli-mate change is the important embodiment of modernity risk, “reasonable care” is an effective idea to address climate change. Imputation foothold on climate change is that the parties to the main body of the behavior, it is the main body failed to fulfill their obligation to“reasonable care” and has caused the global greenhouse effect.%气候变化问题的生成既是一个具体的社会历史进程,也是一个不断地由地方性转向全球性的过程。作为现代工业文明的产物,气候变化问题是现代性的后果。代际气候正义处理的是代际之间在气候资源配置与消费上的正义关系,主要包括前代人应该承担什么样的历史责任和当代人对未来人具有什么样的义务。在代际气候正义的历史责任认定上,“可原谅的无知”不能为发达国家或前代人的大气污染行为免

  20. 3 D Virtual Reality Technology-Based Analysis of Zhou Shixiong' s Action of 5/4 Turn to Handstand on Parallel Bars%基于三维虚拟现实技术对周施雄双杠后上转体450°成倒立动作的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周继和; 王帅; 刘艺; 李溪

    2015-01-01

    For the first time in the world, Chinese athlete Zhou Shixiong completed 450° turn to handstand on parallel bars. This article applies 3D video analytic method to collect Zhou Shixiong' s kinematic data in the competi-tion, uses immersive 3D virtual reality technology to reconstruct the obtained kinematics data, and makes kine-matics analysis in the form of three dimensional animation after 360° rotation-reproduced observations. The study shows that although Zhou Shixiong completed this action in the game, it is still not perfect. The main problems include that he stretches hip earlier, and his swing scope is slightly wide in upswing stage. This leads to the result that when he supports his body with one arm, the horizontal distance between his body center of gravity and the supporting point is too wide. As a result, his body tilts and this affects his subsequent handstand action. Besides, his two legs are not fully closed in the swiveling phase.%在世界上,中国运动员周施雄首次完成双杠后上转体450°成倒立动作。本文应用三维录像解析法对周施雄在比赛现场所做的后上转体450°成倒立动作采集运动学数据,利用沉浸式三维虚拟现实技术对获得的运动学数据进行重建,通过360°的旋转再现观察,以三维动画的形式进行运动学分析。研究发现周施雄在比赛中虽然完成了这一动作,但还有待完善。主要问题有上摆阶段伸髋较早、幅度稍大,导致在下一阶段的转体过程中单臂支撑的时候人体重心离支撑点的水平距离偏大,身体产生了倾斜,影响了之后的倒立动作,另外在转体阶段两腿并未完全并拢。

  1. Discussion about the Success and Failure of Qian Mu’ s Research Methods in the Ancient Historical Geology---Based on the Methods in Geography Research in Early Zhou Dynasty%钱穆考论古史地理研究方法得失论衡--以《周初地理考》的研究方法为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨兆贵; 赵殷尚

    2015-01-01

    钱穆考论古史地理,并不单纯考证地名、地理,他的古史地理研究不属于传统的“地名簿记之学”,而是人文地理学研究的典范。他在《周初地理考》一文中提出周人由山西往陕西迁徙、发展的看法,成为研究周初发展的重要一说。该文运用一些研究古史地理的方法,包括地名研究法,地名迁移,“人以地名,非地以人名”;地望研究法,考论古史地望、人事要结合当时历史条件,以诗释史,运用声韵学等。虽自圆其说,但在研究方法、阐释文献、处理神话与历史的关系等方面都有不足,如:在研究方法上犯了“征之于古迹”“求之于音似”两大毛病;在处理神话方面,把神话人物当作历史人物,没有运用考古资料。这些限制了该文的学术成就。%In his research on the ancient historical geology, Qian Mu didn’ t examine place names and geology only; his researches did not belong to traditional bookkeeping of the place names, but to human geography. In Geography Research in Early Zhou Dynasty, Qian Mu pointed out that Zhou clan who had originally lived in Shanxi province moved to and developed in Shaanxi province, which was an important explanation of how Zhou clan moved in early Zhou Dynasty. In the book, he employed some research methods for studying ancient historical geology, such as toponymy method, place name transfer, people being named after place names rather than place being named after people, location research, examination of the ancient historical geology, people and events with relative historical conditions, the use of poetry to explain history, the usage of phonology and the like. Though he had made out a good case for himself, he had some shortcomings in research method, document explanation, and dealing with the relationship between mythology and history. For example, in research method, he relied on historic sites and similar sounds

  2. 旅游发展对女性角色变迁的影响研究--以大理周城白族女性为例%Analysis of the impact of tourism development on the changing role of women---Taking Dali Zhou Cheng Bai women as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷群

    2015-01-01

    女性参与旅游发展是目的地获得可持续发展的重要前提。缺乏旅游发展对女性角色变迁影响的分析,仅将女性参与作为一个必然的过程而不是文化、经济和政治的过程,是女性参与旅游发展在实践中不能获得真正进步的原因。通过对国内外旅游研究中旅游发展对女性角色变迁的影响研究成果进行介绍,以云南大理周城为例,通过田野调查结果的抽样分析,剖析了周城近21年的旅游发展对周城白族妇女角色变迁影响的主要表现、女性角色变迁对大理周城旅游发展的积极意义和消极影响,提出在金融信贷和旅游发展项目中应充分考虑女性的需要,重视社会性别意识,积极改善女性参政议政环境,加强少数民族女性人力资本投资,以互联网为途径整合线上线下营销渠道,提高女性的文化营销能力。%Female participation in tourism development is an important prerequisite to sustainable develop-ment in destinations.Analysis of the lack of impact of tourism development on the change in female roles,only the female participation as an inevitable process rather than a cultural,economic and political process,female participation in tourism development can not be obtained in practice reason of real progress.Introduces the re-search results of the effects of the relevant research on tourism development of tourism based on domestic and foreign to the feminine role change,taking Yunnan Dali Zhou City as an example,through field investigation and sampling analysis results,analyzes the positive significance of the main performance,influence of Zhou City nearly 21 years of tourism development on the change of Zhou Cheng Bai womenˊs roles of female characters on the change of Dali Zhou City Tourism Development and the negative influence,proposed in the financial credit and tourism development projects give full consideration to the needs of women

  3. Prefaces and Postscripts of the Anthology and Their Literary Power:Focusing on Zhou Bida’ s Preface of Wenyuan Yinghua%总集的序跋与文学史权力--以周必大《〈文苑英华〉序》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何水英

    2016-01-01

    总集的序跋中常隐藏着文学史权力,序跋通过文学史权力的运作改变总集文学史地位的现象也常见。《文苑英华》《唐文粹》两者联系本不大,周必大在《〈文苑英华〉序》中提出“《唐文粹》铨择《文苑英华》”之说,有意密切了两者关系,使《文苑英华》成为《唐文粹》母本。这种文学权力的运用属有意而为,明显提高了《文苑英华》的价值,也改变了两总集的文学史地位。“铨择说”多为后人沿用,形成习惯看法,可见其文学史权力影响的深远。%The literary power is usually hidden in the prefaces and postscripts of anthology. This is a common phenomenon,which the prefaces and postscripts change the status of the anthology through their literary power. Tang Wencui and Wenyuan Yinghua didn’t have much contact,but Zhou Bida proposed Tang Wencui selected out from Wenyuan Yinghua in preface of Wenyuan Yinghua. This view made Wenyuan Yinghua and Tang Wencui be the mother-child relationship. This use of literary powers was intentional,it significantly increased the value of Wenyuan Yinghua,but also changed the literary status of two anthologies. Zhou Bida’s view was adopted later and became the prevailing view. It showed the far-reaching influence of the literary power.

  4. 从“普遍”的感化到“趣味”的捕捉新村主义与“五四”前后周作人的文学理念%The Theory of New-village and the Literary Opinion of Zhou Zuoren in the May-forth Movement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆澍

    2012-01-01

    人类主义与个人主义的抽象统一构成了新村的内在理论结构。这种二元架构主导了“五四”初期周作人的文学理念,使其在尊重个体独立性的基础上更强调“为人类”、“普遍感化”的功利文学观。随着新村的失败以及大同理想的破灭,新村主义的内在二元结构也随之瓦解。周作人放弃了救世主义的文学观,转而以日益贵族化的“自我”为本位,通过捕捉文学的趣味来寻求精神的慰籍。%The internal structural of the New-village theory was made up with the integration of humanism and individualism. This dualistic structure decided the literature opinion of Zhou Zuoren in the early time of May-forth Movement, and made it become a kind of Literary Utilitarianism. After the failure of the New Village and the dream of Utopia, the dualistic structure of New-village theory was broken up. Zhou gave up his Messianism theory and turned to the literary individualism, which became more aristocratic and selfish in that time.

  5. 周恩来对二十世纪六十年代初期中巴关系根本改善的奠基性贡献*%Zhou Enlai' s Ground-breaking Contribution to the Fundamental Improvement of the Sino-Pakistani Relations in the Early 1960s

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩晓青

    2011-01-01

    Against the international background of Cold War the Sino-Pakistani relations remained lukewarm throughout the 1950s. However, the relations between the two countries were fundamentally improved in the early 1960s. Zhou opposed Pakistan' s joining the Western camp but at the same time was in favor of having friendly exchanges with this country. He kept to an impartial stand on the dispute between India and Pakistan over Kashmir. In the border talks between China and Pakistan, he combined principle with flexibility and solved the border question between the two neighbors carefully and skillfully. What Zhou Enlai did won friendship and trust from Pakistan and laid foundations for fundamental improvement of the Sino-Pakistani relations in the early 1960s.%在冷战的世界格局下,整个20世纪50年代,中巴关系一直处于不冷不热的境况。60年代初期,两国关系才有了根本性的改善。周恩来反对巴基斯坦加入西方阵营,同时主张和巴基斯坦进行友好交往;在印巴之间存在争议的克什米尔问题上,他坚持公正立场;在中巴边界谈判问题上,他采取原则性和灵活性相结合的方法,妥善解决了两国之间的边界问题。周恩来的这些做法赢得了巴基斯坦的信任和友谊,为60年代初期中巴关系的根本改善奠定了基础。

  6. 广州市海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况及口腔保健认知程度调查%The Investigation of Oral Health Status and the command of oral health knowledge among Reproductive Women in Haishu District of GuangZhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴胜; 胡飚; 周媛; 张华

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解广州市育龄妇女口腔健康状况及掌握口腔健康知识与行为的情况,为制定健康教育策略提供依据.方法 采用随机抽样的方法对400例已婚未育妇女进行口腔检查及口腔知识问卷调查.结果 海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况较差,400例已婚未育妇女中有172例患龋齿,占43%;且400例已婚未育妇女的口腔健康知识均比较贫乏.结论 应大力提倡育龄妇女关注妊娠期口腔保健及治疗的基本知识,为优生优育提供保障.%Objective To investigate the oral health status and the command of oral health knowledge among the women of childbearing age in Haizhu district of GuangZhou, and provide evidence for making oral health education strategy.Methods Oral examinations and oral health surveys were carried out in 400 reproductive women with randomized sampling method. Results The reproductive women in Haizhu district of GuangZhou had poor oral health knowledge. Among the 400 women, 172 ones had decayed teeth, counted for 43 percent. Conclusion Oral health protection of reproductive women should be strongly advocated, so that it can provide guarantee for reproduction.

  7. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Zhang Xionghui, You Chang, Tang Jie, Zhou Qizhi, Xu Feng, Li Ganghan and Ma Yan. Development of a series of logging tool long-time working under high temperature and high pressure condition. PI, 2012,26 (3) : 1-3

  8. A NEGATIVE ANSWER TO A CONJECTURE ON SELF-SIMILAR SETS WITH OPEN SET CONDITION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiandong Yin

    2009-01-01

    Zhou and Feng posed a conjecture on self-similar set in 2004. In this paper, a self-similar set is constructed which has a best covering but its natural covering is not a best one. Thus, we indeed give a negative answer to the conjecture.

  9. Observation on the curative effect of Feng' s rotatory reduction manipulation at fixed points of spine in the treatment of acute lumbar sprain%冯氏脊柱定点旋转复位手法治疗急性腰扭伤的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜诚恳; 董倔强; 王海磊; 翁文水

    2012-01-01

    目的:观察冯氏脊柱定点旋转复位手法治疗急性腰扭伤的临床疗效.方法:将纳入研究的90例急性腰扭伤患者随机分成2组,每组45例.治疗组采用冯氏脊柱定点旋转复位手法治疗,对照组采用传统斜扳手法治疗 手法治疗每天1次,共治疗3次.分别于治疗前和治疗结束后采用自拟腰痛疾患疗效评定标准对2组患者的疗效进行评定.结果:治疗前2组患者腰痛评分比较,差异无统计学意义(t=0.028,P=0.978);治疗后2组患者腰痛评分均增加(t=18.183,P=0.000;t=13.726,P=0.000),治疗组增加更明显(t=2.039,P=0.044).结论:冯氏脊柱定点旋转复位手法治疗急性腰扭伤疗效显著,值得临床推广应用.%Objective:To observe the clinical curative effect of Feng' s rotatory reduction manipulation at fked points of spine in the treatment of acute lumbar sprain( ALS). Methods:Ninety ALS patients enrolled in the study were randomly divider! into 2 groups,45 cases in each group. Patients in the treatment group were administrated with Feng's rotatory reduction manipulation at fixed points of spine, while the others in the control group were administrated with traditional oblique-pulling manipulation,once a day for consecutive 3 days. The cura-tive effects were evaluated according to the self-designed standard for curative effect evaluation of low back pain before and after the treat-ment respectively. Results:There was no statistical difference in the low back pain scores between the 2 groups before the treatment (t = 0. 028, P = 0.978). The low back pain scores of the 2 groups were all increased after the ireatmen(t = 18. 183 ,P = 0. 000;/ = 13.726.t = 0. 000) ,and scores increased more significantly in the treatment group(t =2. 039 ,P=0. 044 ). Conclusion;The method of Feng' s rotatory reduction manipulation at fixed points of spine performs well in ihe. treatment of acute lumbar sprain.it is worth popularizing in the clinic.

  10. Entered the feudal women's inner world--Wang San-qiang psychological personality anatomy in Feng Meng-long"Yu Shi said"%走进封建妇女的内心世界--冯梦龙《喻世明言》中王三巧之心理人格解剖

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄睿清; 于天

    2013-01-01

      弗洛伊德《精神分析引论新编》之第三章《心理人格的解剖》阐述了个体“本我”、“自我”、“超我”之间的关系。明人冯梦龙所编《三言》在民间广为流传,影响深远,其创造的故事人物也都极富个性。在分析故事人物个性时,必然离不开对形象的心理、人格进行分析,也就自然无外乎对分析对象“本我”、“自我”、“超我”的分析。%Freud "psychoanalysis" third chapter "the introduction of a new psychological personality anatomy" discussed relationship among"Id","ego","superego". Feng Meng-long compiled the"Sanyan"widely circulated in the civil, far-reaching, the creation of the characters are full of personality. Analyzed of the characters personality, certainly can not do without the image of the psychological, personality analysis, is analyzed of the"Id","ego","superego".

  11. 清代岭南伤寒名家郭元峰《伤寒论》学术思想概略%A Brief Account on the Academic Thinking of Treatise on Cold-induced Febrile Diseases Writed by GUO Yuan-feng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈创鹏; 胡正刚; 陈晓薇; 张横柳

    2012-01-01

    GUO Yuan-feng, a famous physician in Qing dynasty, who made a deep study on Treatise on Cold-induced Febrile Diseases and had put forward many sensible and well-grounded views. He did the research with his own feature. He learned from the ancient but not limit to. And he was an important representative of clinical prescription group in the TCM field in Lingnan area of China.%郭元峰,广东南海人,清代岭南名医,医术精湛,学术颇丰,崇经典,深研仲景伤寒之说,提出许多创见.郭氏对伤寒及治疗次第的认识言简意赅,切中要害,对六经本证述之简当,紧扣临床,辨证从实际需要出发,辨证手段丰富,师古而不泥古,活用经方,参以时方,是岭南经方派的重要代表之一.

  12. On Integration of Elegance and Popularity in Feng Menglong' s Sanyan -- The Ninth Study on Elegance and Popularity of Novels about Human Relationship from South of the Chan~iang River%论冯梦龙《三言》的雅俗整合——江南世情小说雅俗系列研究之九

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申明秀

    2011-01-01

    The novels of Feng Menglong are studied. He advocate "promoting elegant" and "meeting the public" both. His promoted elegant from two opposite aspects in his works Sanyan, namely the traditional civilization of promoting virtues and punishing evils. On the other hand, to "meet the public" in content and satiating the reader's curiosity, he deliberately chose plenty of works about love and business, to excavate human nature from daily life and to attract readers and cultivation. Thus made Sanyan became a successful works of the integration with elegance and common.%通过研究冯梦龙小说,认为冯梦龙提倡“奏雅”与“适俗”并重,其《三言》是从正反两个方面来“奏雅”的,即传统的劝善与惩恶的教化主题;为了内容上的“适俗”,满足读者的好“奇”心,冯梦龙有意选择了大量婚恋与经商题材的作品,从日常生活中挖掘人性之“奇”,以吸引与教化读者,而使得《三言》成为雅俗整合的成功之作。

  13. Effects of ZhengQing FengTongNing on IL-1βand TNF-α in the brain stem of the rat migraine model%正清风痛宁对偏头痛大鼠脑干IL-1β、T NF-α表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张中菊; 刘晓丽; 易桂标; 于娜; 杨丽

    2015-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of ZhengQing FengTongNing on the expression of inflammatory cytokines IL‐1β and TNF‐α in the brainstem of migraine rats , discuss the pharmacology of ZhengQing FengTongNing in migraine ,and provide the theoretical basis for the development of new drugs for migraine .Methods Sixty Wistar rats (half female and half male) were randomly divided into 6 groups:the normal control group ,the migraine model group , the sumatriptan group , the ZhengQing FengTongNing low‐dose intervention group , the ZhengQing FengTongNing medium‐dose intervention group , the ZhengQing FengTongNing high‐dose intervention group .Except the normal control group ,migraine model of the other 5 groups of rats were produced by subcutaneous injection of nitroglycerin . After modeling and drugs intervention , the changes of behavior and symptom of rats were observed ,and the number of cells positive for IL‐1βand TNF‐α in the brainstem of each group were measured by immunohistochemical SP method . Results There were significant differences of the number of cells positive for IL‐1βand TNF‐αin all the groups (F=7.063 ,8.257 , P<0.05) . Further pairwise comparison showed that cells positive for IL‐1β (18.9 ± 8.17 , t= -4.780 , P=0.000) and TNF‐α (14.30 ± 6.41 , t= -4.444 , P= 0.000) of the model group were more than the normal control group respectively (P<0.05) .Compared with the model group , the number of cells positive for IL‐1βand TNF‐αin the sumatriptan group (2.80 ± 2.15 , t=6.026 ;0.00 ± 0.00 , t=7.052) ,the medium‐dose group (7.70 ± 4.76 , t= 3.745 ;6.20 ± 1.99 , t= 3.815 ) and the high‐dose group (7.80 ± 5.90 , t= 3.482 , P=0.003 ;5.90 ± 2.88 , t=3.778 ,P=0.001) were significantly decreased .In the low‐dose intervention groups , the number of cells positive for IL‐1β (13.5 ± 4.30 , t= 1.849 , P= 0.081) and TNF‐α (11.30 ± 6.11 , t=1.071 , P=0.298) in brainstem had no statistical difference compared with

  14. 广州市海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况和口腔保健意识行为调查%Investigation of oral health status, consciousness and behavior of reproductive women in Haizhu District of GuangZhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴胜; 胡飚; 劳文茵

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解广州市育龄妇女口腔健康状况及其掌握优生优育促进方面的口腔健康知识和行为的情况,为制定健康促进策略提供依据.方法:采用横断面研究的方法对400例已婚未育妇女进行口腔检查和优生优育促进方面的口腔知识问卷调查.结果:海珠区育龄妇女患龋率(CPR)为43%,龋均(DMF)为3.2;息龈炎率为62%,牙龈指数(GI)为1.6;20.8%妇女答对3/4以上健康知识问题,12.8%妇女答对全部口腔健康知识问题.使用牙线、漱口水的妇女分别为7.25%、14%.结论:海珠区育龄妇女口腔健康状况处于较差水平,优生优育促进方面的口腔健康知识贫乏,口腔保健行为有待改善.%AIM: To investigate the oral health status of women in childbearing age in Haizhu district ofCuangZhou in order to provide evidence for strategy of oral health education. METHODS: Oral examinations and oral health surveys were carried out in 400 reproductive women with randomized sampling method. RESULTS: Caries prevalence was 43% ,with DMFT of 3. 2. Sixty-two percent of reproductive women showed gingival bleeding on probing. Gingival index was 1.6. 20. 8% of women answered at least three fourths of the questions about oral health correctly. Only 12.8% of the women answered all questions correctly. The use of dental floss or mouthwash was 7. 25% and 14% respectively. CONCLUSION: The oral health status and knowledge about prepotency of reproductive women in Haizhu district of GuangZhou was poor. Oral health education and oral health promotion should be strengthened for women at child-bearing age.

  15. ZHOU Ru-chang's Subjective Idealism in His Research of “A Dream of Red Mansions” and Reason Why His Research in Popularity%周汝昌研究《红楼梦》的主观唯心论及其走红的原因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥惠民

    2012-01-01

    In the first decade of the 21st century there appeared an anti-fraud movement in the research circle of "A Dream of Red Mansions" in which Mr.ZHOU ru-chang was revealed as a negative typicality who had a weak foundation in researching the masterpiece.Mr.ZHOU belongs to the school of searching for hidden meanings.ZHOU's remarks about "A Dream of Red Mansions",his research on the history of CAO Xue-qin,the author of the book,and his dishonorable academic behavior fully reflect his subjective idealism and all reveal that he is a negative typicality.The reason why ZHOU's research and the school of searching for hidden meanings are in popularity is that the redology circle,media and some influential forces concerned have added fuel to the flame.%在21世纪第一个10年,一场严肃的红学打假斗争深入进行着。这场斗争揭露周汝昌国学底子较差,名利心太重,一生治学,为此所误。他过去有关《红楼梦》的研究,其本质属新索隐派的龙门红学。周汝昌解读《红楼梦》文本、对曹雪芹及其家世历史的研究,以及不端学术行为,充分表现出主观唯心主义的特点,——证明他的红学是"反《红楼梦》"的典型代表。周汝昌新索隐派龙门红学之所以走红,红学界、新闻媒体和主管文化思想的相关领导难辞其咎。

  16. The Study of Mistakes and Countermeasure in Public Security Intelligence Work in the Case of Zhou Ke-hua%公安情报工作的失误与对策研究--基于周克华案件的反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘希若

    2014-01-01

    On the morning of August 14th, 2012, the armed robbery homicide of Suxiangyu series has been solved with the suspect of it, Zhou Kehua, being shot to death in Chongqing. It is public security intelligence work that has played an important role during detecting the case of Zhou Kehua successfully. But it also exposes many deifciencies in China’s public security intelligence work. Such as the weak information infrastructure, the unitary information content, the backward management system, and scare talents in public security intelligence major. Therefore, it is necessary to ifrmly set up a concept of“Intelligence-led policing”, increase the funds in public security intelligence work, develop professional talents in relevant majors, and pay more attention to the analysis and researches of intelligence information. Finally, the focus is to establish a highly shared intelligence information work system.%2012年8月14日清晨,苏湘渝系列持枪抢劫杀人案的犯罪嫌疑人周克华在重庆被击毙,全案得以告破。本案的成功侦破,公安情报工作在其中发挥了重要的作用。但在案件侦破的过程中,也暴露了我国公安情报工作存在着基础设施薄弱、情报内容单一、管理体制滞后、情报共享性差等问题。为此,应该牢固树立“情报信息主导警务”的理念,加大对公安情报工作的经费投入,加强情报信息的分析研判,建立高度共享的情报信息工作体系。

  17. On Zhou Zuoren's Ideas in Wartime: Focusing on His Yaotang Yulu and Shufang Yijiao%周作人战时思想散论——以《药堂语录》、《书房一角》为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关峰

    2009-01-01

    抗战时期,国人普遍动员身体的当儿,周作人反而禁闭了身体,不给它作出象征姿态的权利.周作人表彰嘉言懿行,传述奇人轶事,恐怕是在激励民气,伸张国人的正气.这些文章或者可以视为新,表达了对于生活的敬重和理想人性的追求.周作人考察一部书的历史、一个人的生平、一种时代的陋见、一种态度的表现,表面上不出个人的兴趣,实在倒是谋求公共空间的话语权,替再一次的文化废墟营造精神的家园.%In the Anti-Japanese War, when his compatriots devoted their bodies to defending their country, Zhou Zuoren confined his body to his study, depriving it of the right to adopt a symbolic patriotic pose. How-ever, it is very likely that he was trying his best to boost morale and promote the sense of justice for his fellow citizens through his writings about the lofty thoughts and heroic deeds of some legendary people. These writings can be regarded as the modern equivalent of Shishuo Xinyu, which embodies a respect of life and a pursuit of the ideal personalities. Superficially, Zhou's explorations of the history of a certain book, the ups and downs of certain people, and the backward mentality in a certain period in his works or his expressions of his own atti-tudes do not go beyond his own personal interests, but actually what he did is to pursue the right to speak in the public space and to restore the spiritual home on the cultural ruins.

  18. 国家海洋经济战略下的商务岛规划探索——浙江舟山群岛新区小干岛商务区城市设计%The Experiment of Urban Planning under the National Marine Economy Strategy——XiaoGan Islands Business District Urban Design in ZhouShan Islands New Area, Zhejiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王曙光

    2012-01-01

      In 2011, with the new marine economy situation, the State, Council of China approved to establish the 4th State New Area, ZhouShan Islands New Area. XiaoGan Island wil be the carrier of the strategy “Four Islands and One City” . It wil become the“Sea Garden City”, the demostration area of ZhouShan Islands, the pioneer area of the state strategy which will coordinate the development land and sea. XiaoGan Island will take a very important role of national marine economy, to dislocate and supplement with the Yangtze River Metropolitan Area, to enhance and improve the function of the ZhouShan Islands, carry forward the marine culture, create the island-seaside life. It will be the island of “international, financial, business and intelligence”, with the core of marine finance business and the characteristic of marine culture. For the reason of implement the national strategy, accelerate the planning and construction of ZhouShan Islands New Area, the Construction Committee and the Planning Bureau of ZhouShan organized the international urban design competition. Shanghai Urban Planning and Design Research Institute participated the competition and submitted the project. This project wil provide the revelation and demonstration to form the planning mode of island business district which is under the guidance of the marine economy.%  2011年,在海洋经济新形势下,国务院正式批准设立第四个国家新区,即以海洋经济为主题的新区——舟山群岛新区。小干岛成为新区“四岛一城”战略的载体——我国陆海统筹发展先行区舟山群岛“海上花园城”的示范区。小干岛将承担国家海洋经济重任,与长三角都市圈错位互补,提升和完善舟山群岛功能格局,并发扬海洋文化,营造岛岸生活,成为以海洋金融商务为核心、海洋文化为特色的国际金融商务智慧岛。为落实国家战略,加快舟山群岛新区的规划与建设,舟

  19. 从雷锋精神透视先进文化对中国现代化的强大推动%Perspective on Advanced Culture’s Strong Promotion for China’s Modernization:with the Lei Feng Spirit as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙力

    2014-01-01

    The most fundamental function of advanced culture lies in its promotion of social development. Lei Feng Spirit in fact becomes strong spiritual power for socialist modernization in China. Firstly,as modernization re-quires social integration on the basis of widespread social identification,Lei Feng’s exalted virtue of public interest oriented selflessness is exactly a priceless spiritual treasure to integrate the society into strong concerted drive to o-vercome inconceivable numerous difficulties. Secondly,as modernization requires social harmony on the basis of sound social relations,the exalted virtues of enthusiastic altruism and selfless devotion embodied in the Lei Feng Spirit are of great significance in creating sound social relations,resolving social instability,and promoting social harmony. Thirdly,as modernization requires members of a society to actively shoulder social responsibilities and to make contributions for its orderly development and efficient performance,Lei Feng’s“screw spirit”reflects exalted socialist professional ethics and is an important spiritual impetus for the efficient and orderly advancement of social-ist modernization.%先进文化最根本的功能在于它对社会发展的推动。雷锋精神,实际上成为中国社会主义现代化建设的强大精神动力。首先,现代化需要在广泛社会认同基础上实现社会整合,雷锋公而忘私的崇高品德,正是整合社会以形成强大合力战胜重重困难的宝贵精神资源。其次,现代化需要在良好社会关系基础上实现社会和谐,雷锋精神体现的助人为乐、无私奉献的崇高品德,对创造良好社会关系,促进社会和谐具有重要意义。其三,现代化需要社会成员积极承担起相应的社会责任,为社会有序发展和高效运作贡献力量。雷锋的“螺丝钉精神”反映社会主义高尚的职业伦理,是社会主义现代化高效有序推进的重要精神动力。

  20. Study on Polar Conductor Arrangements of ±500 kV Jing-Feng Double Circuits DC Transmission Line Project from Jingmen to Fengjing%荆—枫±500kV同塔双回直流线路的极导线布置研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳; 于跃; 柏晓路; 王昕

    2013-01-01

    According to the main design principles and characteristics of DC transmission lines, simulation calculations are carried out to study the electromagnetic environment, overvoltage level, lightning performance, operation and maintenance of the transmission line and other aspects. Four different polar conductor arrangements of ±500 kV Jing-Feng double circuit DC transmission lines are analyzed and compared. And then the optimal conductor arrangement mode is determined. The relevant results have been applied to the design of ±500 kV double double circuit DC transmission line project from Jingmen to Fengjing, and the project has run well over one year, which demonstrates the validity and practicability of the design scheme.%根据直流输电线路的主要设计原则和特点,通过仿真计算,从电磁环境、过电压水平、雷电性能及线路运行维护等方面对荆—枫±500 kV同塔双回直流线路的4种极导线布置方案进行了分析比较,并确定了最佳极导线布置方案.所得结果已用于荆—枫±500 kV同塔双回直流输电线路设计中,且工程项目已良好运行超过1年,验证了该设计方案的实用性和有效性.

  1. The analysis of geologic characteristic and causes of iron deposit of the Four Door Ditch, Feng cheng city, Liaoning%辽宁省凤城市四道门沟铁矿床地质特征及成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁士鹏

    2012-01-01

    辽宁省凤城市四道门沟铁矿床位于辽东铁、硼成矿带内。以下元古界辽河群变质岩系最为发育,褶皱构造是直接控制本区变质层控铁硼矿的重要控矿条件,其控制着矿体的产出空间位置,并控制着区内铁矿体的展布特征。该区的铁矿属于火山沉积变质-超变质热液迭生层控矿床,矿石自然类型为磁铁矿-透闪石型,局部有磁铁矿-蛇纹石型和磁铁矿-硼镁铁矿型。%The Four Door Ditch's Iron Ore Deposit of Feng cheng city in Liaoning Province is located in iron and boron ore mine belt in Eastern Liaoning.They mainly develop from series of Liaohe Group Metamorphic Rocks in Lower Proterozoicn. The fold structure is the important Ore--controlling condition,which directly control the its Metamorphic layer and iron and boron ore,the production location,also expansion characteristics of iron rocks.This area of mine belong to volcanic--sedimentary that is fall born layer deposit of the metamorphic hydrothermal fluid. The natural ore type is the through flash tone magnetite,local Serpentine magnetite and boron magnesium and iron mineral type.

  2. 关于县级税收征管改革的思考--基于安徽省长丰县的调研%On the Reform of Tax Collection and Administration at the County Level--Based on the Research of Anhui Province ChangFeng County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文志; 刘上名

    2014-01-01

    随着社会主义市场经济的深入发展,我国地方经济运行中出现了一系列深层次的问题,给基层税收征管带来新的挑战。为了适应社会发展和经济建设的需要,税收征收管理改革势在必行。本文结合安徽省长丰县税收征收管理体制的现状和面临的问题,借鉴西方国家的有利经验,从规范征管组织体系、优化纳税服务体系、加强税源专业化管理以及完善税务信息管理系统等方面提出了对策和措施。%With the further development of the socialist market economy, a series of deep-seated problems appeared in the operation of the local economy in our country, which brought new challenges to tax collection and administration at the grass-roots level. In order to meet the needs of social development and economic construction, the reform of the tax management should be carried out imperatively. Based on the Anhui province ChangFengXian tax management system of the present situation and problems, learned from the experience of western countries from the specification collection organization system, this article put forward countermeasures and measures by optimizing the tax service system, strengthening tax professional management and perfecting the taxation information management system.

  3. From“Deep Sorrow on Impermanence”to“Mundane Buddhism”:An Analysis of Feng Zikai's Buddhist Thoughts%从“无常之恸”到“人间佛教”:丰子恺佛教思想初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋霞; 杨晓河

    2015-01-01

    在中国现代文学艺术史上,丰子恺最大的特点在于他的人生与艺术均充满了佛教意味。他从对时空的哲思开启人生之问,从对无常的体悟接近佛教之门,从对无常的参悟走向“人间佛教”。丰子恺的佛教思想的内涵是:以现实人生为基点,以人的清净心为基础,把佛教的精神运用于世间,通过大乘菩萨道的修持完善人格进而建立和平、仁爱的人间净土。%In Chinese modern history of literature and art ,Feng Zikai is characterized by the feature that his life and art are full of the Buddhist implications .He started his asking about life by philosophical thinking on time and space .He approached the gate of Buddhism from his thinking on impermanence .He devoted himself to mun‐dane Buddhism from his reflection on impermanence .The connotations of his Buddhist thoughts rest on the basis of realistic life and lustration heart and aims to apply the spirit of Buddhism in human life to perfect humanity in the hope of establishing a peaceful and kindhearted pure land on earth through the spiritual training of Mahayana Bo ‐dhisattva.

  4. Parody:Mythological Description and Legendary Recreation---The Postmodernism Narrative Skill in Feng Yulei’s Fiction%戏仿:神话书写与传奇再造--冯玉雷后现代主义小说叙事技巧阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      冯玉雷的后现代主义小说写作运用了戏仿式的叙事技巧,表现为以神话书写和传奇再造等为主要特点的叙述策略。这一叙事技巧既在戏仿性的书写中以神话性思维再现宏大叙事的神圣性意义,展现人类精神的超越与梦想;又以现代语境为映照在戏仿中形成一种解构式的幽默化、嘲讽化和戏谑化的叙事格调,形成对传统神圣化的宏大叙事的非神圣性意义体验。在文本叙事中神圣性和戏谑性的双重格调形成作品一种内在的意义张力,从而使其写作具有了丰厚的现代审美意味。%Parody is the narrative skill that Feng Yulei applies in his postmodernism fictions ,which is completed by the mythological description and legendary recreation .Parody reveals the divinity through mythological thinking ,as well as the genre of humor and irony through modernism contexe .The paper holds that the divinity and irony in the fiction is an inner force to demonstrate its modern aesthetic value .

  5. 《静志居琴趣》:朱冯情缘及其对朱彝尊词风之影响%Seishi Habitat Qinqu:Zhu - Fengˊs Love and its Impact on Zhu Yizunˊs Ci Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢艺苑

    2016-01-01

    Zhu Yizun,the dean of West Zhejiang Ci School character,had influenced the Ci writing for a long period in Early Qing Dynasty with his Ci style of alcohol Masayuki. His secret love with Feng Shouchang,his wifeˊs young sister,which has great impact on the formation of Zhuˊs Ci style,has rarely been mentioned. Seishi Habitat Qinqu,which records in details their feelings,reveals some implicit traces about their romance trajectory. In this Ci collection,Zhu describes their love experience with concentrated language,sincere affection and depressed feeling and it is this emotional state that leads to Zhuˊs new Ci style of embarked alcohol and rich elegance.%朱彝尊是浙西词派的泰斗人物,其醇雅之词风影响清初词坛多年。他与妻妹冯寿长的隐秘恋情甚少被人提起,然而他词风的形成却与这段压抑的恋情密切相关。《静志居琴趣》中记录了两人感情的细节,并隐约显现出二人恋情的轨迹。朱氏在此词集中以缩笔的手法、真挚的感情、压抑的状态写出了二人的感情经历,同时这种状态亦使朱氏的词风走上了醇雅的道路。

  6. View on the Measurement Model of the Spillover Effect of Educational Investment:A Discussion with Zhou Sheng, Liu Zhengliang%关于教育投入外溢效益计量模型之我见--与周胜、刘正良商榷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡庆十; 吴怡兴

    2013-01-01

    教育的经济效益有两大类和多个层次。教育的外溢效益是其间接效益的一类,包括三个层次。构建外溢效益的计量经济模型应有基本的要求,才会有科学的结论,尤其是关于第二、第三层次的效益模型。本文对周胜、刘正良构建的模型提出质疑,指出并分析其模型构建的不当之处和由此模型得出的多个错误结论。%The economic effect of education has two categories and multiple levels. The spillover effect of education, which contains three levels, is one kind of indirect economic effects. To construct econometric model of spillover effect, especially benefit model about the second and third level, we need to have the basic requirements, so that there will be scientific conclusions. This paper questions the model brought by Zhou Sheng and Liu Zhengliang, and points out and analyzes the improprieties of the model and the wrong conclusions inferred by the model.

  7. Data mining analysis of medical record of large samples ‘blood stasis and heat' raised by professor ZHOU Zhong-ying%基于周仲瑛教授大样本“瘀热”病案数据挖掘分析研究报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶放; 李国春; 沈波; 金路; 周学平; 吴勉华

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Exploring the clinical experience of refractory disease from large sample of 'blood stasis and heat' medical record by Chinese medicine Master Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying. Methods: 1024 cases of "blood stasis and heat" medical record were selected from 5005 cases treated by Professor ZHOU Zhong-ying, blood stasis and heat medical record database was established. Four diagnostic information, pathogenesis elements, herbs were analyzed. Results: ①incidence of blood stasis and heat pathogenesis was 20.1%, 160 kinds of diseases of internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, paediatrics were involved. ② pathogenesis of blood stasis and heat is characterized by mouth dry, dry stool, fatigue, dark urine, hypochondriac pain, abdomen bloating, dizziness, joint discomfort, etc. (more than 11%). ③pathological factors is characterized by heat, blood stasis, blood stasis and heat (more than 50%), disease location, mainly by liver, kidney, all internal organs involved. ④recipe of cooling blood and resolving stasis is characterized by rhino horn Rehmanniae decoction, peach kernel decoction, didang decoction, Bai Wei decoction. Conclusion: Pathogenesis of 'blood stasis and heat' can be presented in many difficult cases, clinical information representation can be found, it may often associated with other complex pathogenesis, such as Yin-deficiency.%目的:通过大样本病案分析总结、整理国医大师周仲瑛教授从“瘀热”论治内科难治性疾病的临床经验.方法:从周仲瑛教授经治的6005例临床病案中选择“瘀热”病案1024例,建立“瘀热”病案数据库,从瘀热相关四诊信息、病机证素、方药3个方面进行总结分析.结果:①“瘀热”病机在临床病案中出现率为20.8%,涉及内外妇儿等科160种疾病;②瘀热病机信息表征依次是口干、便干、乏力、尿黄、胁痛、神疲、腹胀、头昏、关节不适等(均超过11%);③涉及病理因素以热、瘀、

  8. On the “Two South”of The Book of Songs and Their Conveyance of the Ritual Music Spirit in Western Zhou Dynasty---Taking the Excavated Documents for Example%《诗经》“二南”对西周礼乐精神的传达--以出土文献为参照

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐正英

    2015-01-01

    While Ji Zha viewed the “Two South”of The Book of Songs as the roots of the State,Con-fucius also hailed them as the soul of cultivating ones morality.However,people today have realized that the 25 poems contained are mainly concerned with love and marriage,which are far from the teaching of the very foundation of establishing ones self and constructing the State.Since Han dynasty,Confucianism scholars have exerted upmost efforts to maintain their special status,coming up with the many farfetched interpretations.So far there remain disputes over the nature of “Two South”of The Book of Songs.This paper,by using the excavated documents,attempts to reveal the real meaning of some of most controversial poems.Its found that, “Two South”were collected and artistically processed within the core area of the East and West Capital during early Western Zhou peri-od when Zhou Gong was creating rituals and music.Those poems mostly depict the etiquette contents of the relationships of marriage.Among them,Guan Ju is a template of the noblescourtship in the formal way.Han Guang is a vivid description of the etiquette of turning a girl into a woman and that of returning a horse.Ye You Si J un is the reproduction of the etiquette of bride-price,reconfirming an ap-pointment and “arranging the brides head scarf”during the marriage.The latter two poems are also a reveal of information of etiquette and custom of “Zhi Zhu Qian Ma”.In a word,these poems are not only vivid preserving of the noblesetiquette and custom related to love and marriage,but also the con-veyance of the spirit of observing the etiquette related to how the noble cultivate their moral character and manage the familys affairs well.%季札称《诗经》的《周南》《召南》为国之根基,孔子崇其为立身之本。而依今人眼光看,此二十五首作品多不过是些婚恋诗,似与立国立身相去甚远。另外,汉代以来的儒生为神化其价值,又不惜作出种

  9. ZHANG Yi-zhou Experience for a Stagnation of Nourishing Yin and Soothing Liver to Treat the Syndrome before and after Menopause%张翼宙自拟滋阴疏肝汤治疗绝经前后诸证经验拾零

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董会敬; 张翼宙

    2016-01-01

    Physician ZHANG Yi-zhou thinks deficiency of the liver and kidney is mainly caused by the syndrome before and after men-opause , and that pathogenesis is“nourishing liver and kidney, relieving the depressed liver”. She proposes the principle of“nourishing liver and kidney and relieving liver-qi stagnation”, as well as making the Ziyin shugan Decoction. The decoction is composed of Qing-hao Biejia Decoction complicated with the herbs of relievering the depressed liver. During clinical diagnosis and treatment,if cough’ s mainly organ are liver and kidney,with syndrome including menstrual disorder, vexation,insomnia, hestic fever,night sweat etc,Ziyin shugan Decoction can be applied in the appropriate to add and subtract.%张翼宙教授认为门诊病人绝经前后诸证多为肝肾亏虚所致,病机多为肝肾阴亏、肝气郁结,据此并提出滋补肝肾、疏肝解郁的治则,自拟滋阴疏肝汤。自拟方由青蒿鳖甲汤合并疏肝解郁药加减化裁而成。临床诊治中,若病变主脏在肝肾,证见月经紊乱、心烦失眠、烘热盗汗等,大抵可投以滋阴疏肝汤加减。

  10. The Adaptation Analysis of the English Writing Errors-Based on Freshmen Majored in English of XinZhou Teachers University%专业英语写作错误的顺应分析--基于忻州师范学院英语专业大一学生的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成莉

    2015-01-01

    Based on the Adaptation Theory ,the author analyses compositions from the freshmen of English major in XinZhou Teachers University .The results show that :The main errors existing in writing of fresh‐men majored in English mainly focused on the context adaptation and language structure adaptation .Con‐text adaptation can be reflected in semantic consistency and the use of subjuctivemood and language struc‐ture adaptation can be reflected in lexical ,syntactic structure ,and grammar rules .Finally the paper ex‐plores the causes of these errors under the guidance of Adaptation Theory and puts forward the corre‐sponding strategies for students'w riting mistakes .%以忻州师范学院英语专业大一学生的英语习作为语料,在顺应理论的指导下运用归纳法对其进行研究,结果表明:英语专业大一学生写作中存在的错误类型主要集中于语意连贯性的语境顺应和词汇、句法结构、语法规则使用错误等语言结构顺应方面,同时探究造成这些错误的原因,并在顺应理论的指导下针对学生写作错误提出了相应的策略。

  11. From the"Chen Yong-zhou incident"to talk about the influence of news occupation ethics on media credibility%从“陈永洲事件”谈新闻职业操守对媒体公信力的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑜

    2014-01-01

    记者收受钱财,代人捉刀,成为商业恶性竞争的一步棋子,近年来屡见不鲜。而当真相赤裸裸的展现在世人面前时,媒体的公信力也正逐渐淹没在公众的质问和声讨中,“陈永洲事件”的轰动效应可见一斑。新媒体时代,公共信息愈发透明清晰,刻意隐藏真相反而显得欲盖弥彰,这也敦促着媒体人作为社会之公器,讲真话,办实事,坚守新闻伦理,秉持最基本的专业素养和职业操守,才能挽救岌岌可危的公信力。%The reporter receive money, the ghost, a row of commercial competition, in recent years It is often seen. But when the truth naked show in the world, the credibility of the media is also gradually submerged question in public and condemn,"remarkable sensation Chen Yong-zhou events". The new media era, public information more transparent and clear, deliberately hiding the truth becomes clearer, this also urged the media as a social justice, to tell the truth, do solid work, adhere to the news ethics, uphold the basic professional quality and occupation ethics, in order to save the precarious credibility.

  12. 乡村旅游安全研究——以福建省泉州市北溪村为例%Study on the security of rural tourism-- A case study of Bei Xi village, Quan Zhou City, Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海燕; 池进

    2011-01-01

    Although recent years the rural tourism develops well, and the research of rural tourism increases greatly, the current study on the research content to the domestic rural tourism lacks of system, mature, and the research framework is too separated. In addition, the representative research result of rural tourism empirical study and the security research is far from perfect. Therefore, the article takes Yong Chun county, Bei Xi village, Quan Zhou City, Fujian Province as their research ob- jects, analyzing the reason of rural tourism security from the tourism links, such as food and accommodation, by means of ques- tionnaire, interviews, experimental observation, literature analysis and mathematical statistics. At last, the corresponding measures of solving the existed problem in the rural tourism security are proposed.%虽然近几年乡村旅游发展势头良好,关于乡村旅游的研究也不断增多,但是目前国内针对乡村旅游的研究内容不够系统、成熟,研究框架较分散。另外,关于乡村旅游的实证研究、安全研究以及具有代表性的研究成果较少。文章以福建省泉州市永春县北溪村为研究对象,运用问卷调查法、访谈法、实地考察法、文献分析法和数理统计法,从餐饮、住宿等旅游环节分析乡村旅游安全的原因。最后,针对乡村旅游安全所存在的问题提出相应对策。

  13. Conversations with American Composers: Ev Grimes Interviews Nicolas Slonimsky.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimes, Ev

    1986-01-01

    Born in Russia in 1894, Nicholas Slonimsky founded the Chamber Orchestra of Boston and was the editor of the latest three editions of Baker's "Biographical Dictionary of Music." In this interview he talks about his life in music and his love of teaching music. (RM)

  14. Nicolas-Louis De La Caille astronomer and geodesist

    CERN Document Server

    Glass, I S

    2013-01-01

    La Caille was one of the observational astronomers and geodesists who followed Newton in developing ideas about celestial mechanics and the shape of the earth. He provided data to the great 18th-century mathematicians involved in understanding the complex gravitational effects that the heavenly bodies have on one another. Observing from the Cape of Good Hope, he made the first ever telescopic sky survey and gave many of the southern constellations their present-day names. He measured the paths of the planets and determined their distances by trigonometry. In addition, he made a controversial measurement of the radius of the earth that seemed to prove it was pear-shaped. On a practical level, La Caille developed the method of `Lunars' for determining longitudes at sea. He mapped the Cape. As an influential teacher he propagated Newton's theory of universal gravitation at a time when it was only beginning to be accepted on the European continent. This book gives the most comprehensive overview so far avail...

  15. Majanduspatriotism rajaneb müüdil / Nicolas Veron

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veron, Nicolas

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 8. nov. lk. 10, Molodjozh Estonii 17. nov. lk. 8-9 (täistekst). Majandusliku patriotismi mõiste. Euroopa suurfirmade kodumaal teenitud kogutulude maht väheneb. Tabel

  16. Kool annab Keenia tüdrukutele vabaduse / Nicolas Delaunay

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Delaunay, Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    Lugu Halimast, kes pandi 13-aastaselt mehele. Abikaasa lubas liituda abiorganisatsiooni Save The Children kooliprogrammiga kohalikus koolis õppimiseks, igal semestril makstakse 30 dollarit stipendiumi. Ka tüdruku isa leiab, et tütre haridus toob nende ellu lisaväärtust, võimaldab tal tulevikus leida paremat tööd

  17. Dictionnaire biographique des musiciens / Baker, Theodore, Slonimsky, Nicolas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baker, Theodore

    1995-01-01

    Eesti muusikutest: Aarne, Els (lk. 1). Aav, Evald (1). Aavik, Juhan (2). Eller, Heino (1149). Ernesaks, Gustav (1180). Järvi, Neeme (1951). Kapp. Artur (2036). Kapp, Eugen (2036). Kapp, Villem (2037). Kasemets, Udo (2050-2051). Mägi [Myagi], Ester (2923). Pärt, Arvo (3114-3115). Rääts, Jaan (3321). Saar, Mart (3558). Sumera, Lepo (4099). Tamberg, Eino (4151). Tobias, Rudolf (4240). Tubin, Eduard (4288)

  18. Vabaduse ilmingud / Nicolas Boldych ; tõlkinud Viiviann Jõemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Boldych, Nicolas

    2011-01-01

    Eesti kultuurifestivali raames eesti kaasaegse kunsti näitus "Vabadus" ("Liberté") Pariisis Château d'Asniéres's 19.11.-04.12.2011, kuraator Kaia Kiik. Loetletud kunstnikud. Kirke Kangro, Aili Vahtrapuu, Louis Dandreli ja Viiviann Jõemetsa, Terje Ojaveri, Jüri Ojaveri, Marko Mäetamme, Ly Lestbergi, Einike Leppiku, Jaanika Peerna, Kaia Kiige, Flo Kasearu, Jass Kaselaane ja Veronika Valgu töödest

  19. Dictionnaire biographique des musiciens / Baker, Theodore, Slonimsky, Nicolas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baker, Theodore

    1995-01-01

    Eesti muusikutest: Aarne, Els (lk. 1). Aav, Evald (1). Aavik, Juhan (2). Eller, Heino (1149). Ernesaks, Gustav (1180). Järvi, Neeme (1951). Kapp. Artur (2036). Kapp, Eugen (2036). Kapp, Villem (2037). Kasemets, Udo (2050-2051). Mägi [Myagi], Ester (2923). Pärt, Arvo (3114-3115). Rääts, Jaan (3321). Saar, Mart (3558). Sumera, Lepo (4099). Tamberg, Eino (4151). Tobias, Rudolf (4240). Tubin, Eduard (4288)

  20. Status of translocated sea otters at San Nicolas Island, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathbun, Galen B.; Hatfield, Brian B.; Murphey, Thomas G.

    2000-01-01

    In the 1970s about 1,650 southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) were restricted to the central California coast (Riedman and Estes, 1990), and a high volume of oil was being shipped through the region. Because of the vulnerability of sea otters to contamination from oil (Costa and Kooyman, 1982; Williams and Davis, 1995) that would likely spread wide- ly along the shore after a large spill (Van- Blaricom and Jameson, 1982), the subspecies was listed as threatened in 1977 under the United States Endangered Species Act.

  1. Kool annab Keenia tüdrukutele vabaduse / Nicolas Delaunay

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Delaunay, Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    Lugu Halimast, kes pandi 13-aastaselt mehele. Abikaasa lubas liituda abiorganisatsiooni Save The Children kooliprogrammiga kohalikus koolis õppimiseks. Ka tüdruku isa leiab, et tütre haridus võimaldab tal tulevikus leida paremat tööd

  2. Majanduspatriotism rajaneb müüdil / Nicolas Veron

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veron, Nicolas

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 8. nov. lk. 10, Molodjozh Estonii 17. nov. lk. 8-9 (täistekst). Majandusliku patriotismi mõiste. Euroopa suurfirmade kodumaal teenitud kogutulude maht väheneb. Tabel

  3. Modernistid modernismi vastu : Loos, Schenker ja ilustuste kriitika / Nicolas Cook

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cook, Nicolas

    2008-01-01

    Seoseid tänapäeva tuntuima muusikaanalüüsi meetodi leiutaja Heinrich Schenkeri teooria ja Viini modernistliku arhitekti Adolf Loosi ornamendikriitika vahel. Ettekanne Pärnu Nüüdismuusika Päevade konverentsil 2005

  4. Ottaviano Mascarino in Tivoli: the Church of San Nicola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Pistolesi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The essay aims to include the church of St. Nicholas in Tivoli, built between 1588 and 1596 for the Roman hospital of S. Spirito in Sassia, between Ottaviano Mascarino’s works: in that period he was official architect of that religious hospital order. The allocation relies mainly on documents kept in the State Archive of Rome, but is also supported by a detailed analysis of the type and elements of the architectural language. The chapel is compared with some drawings of Mascarino: one of them reproduces the plan of the church of S. Maria del Piano in Capranica, designed by Vignola, from which our building unquestionably derives. The comparison with the drawings quoted in the text emphasizes a real research conducted by Mascarino, who used to repeat some shapes and stylistic elements in his projects of sacred and civil architecture. The essay finally enters the chapel in the context of the Roman architectural production of the end of the sixteenth century, but also notes how some aspects seem to anticipate compositional schemes that will emerge permanently in the early decades of the next century. Keywords: Aedicule-shaped facade, banded architectural order,  biaxial plan, two-apsed hall, Ottaviano Mascarino.

  5. Modernistid modernismi vastu : Loos, Schenker ja ilustuste kriitika / Nicolas Cook

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cook, Nicolas

    2008-01-01

    Seoseid tänapäeva tuntuima muusikaanalüüsi meetodi leiutaja Heinrich Schenkeri teooria ja Viini modernistliku arhitekti Adolf Loosi ornamendikriitika vahel. Ettekanne Pärnu Nüüdismuusika Päevade konverentsil 2005

  6. Vabaduse ilmingud / Nicolas Boldych ; tõlkinud Viiviann Jõemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Boldych, Nicolas

    2011-01-01

    Eesti kultuurifestivali raames eesti kaasaegse kunsti näitus "Vabadus" ("Liberté") Pariisis Château d'Asniéres's 19.11.-04.12.2011, kuraator Kaia Kiik. Loetletud kunstnikud. Kirke Kangro, Aili Vahtrapuu, Louis Dandreli ja Viiviann Jõemetsa, Terje Ojaveri, Jüri Ojaveri, Marko Mäetamme, Ly Lestbergi, Einike Leppiku, Jaanika Peerna, Kaia Kiige, Flo Kasearu, Jass Kaselaane ja Veronika Valgu töödest

  7. 电针百会、风府穴对脑I/R损伤大鼠海马区CPG15表达影响的实验研究%Effects of Eiectroacupuncture Bai Hui, Feng Fu on CPG15 Expression of Hippocampus in Rats with Cerebral Ischemic Reperfusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐晓敏; 秦正玉; 何宗宝; 王家琳; 吴生兵; 汪克明

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨电针对局灶性脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能的恢复及海马区神经可塑性相关基因15(CPG15)表达影响的情况.方法 60只SD大鼠,雌雄各半,随机分为正常对照组、模型组、电针经穴组、电针非经穴组、西药对照组.采用线栓法制备局灶性脑缺血再灌注模型,电针经穴组电针百会、风府穴,电针非经穴组电针大鼠臀部非经非穴位置,电针以疏波2Hz,强度3 mA~5mA,持续电针30 min,每天1次,连续治疗2周.西药对照组以尼莫地平20 mg/(kg·d)灌胃,每日2次,连续灌胃2周.2周后Longa5分法对大鼠神经功能缺损评分,并取材,运用免疫组化法检测大鼠缺血侧海马区CPG15表达情况.结果 模型组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达显著高于正常对照组(P<0.01);电针经穴组与西药治疗组大鼠神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),而与模型组比较,电针经穴组与西药治疗组神经功能评分及海马区CPG15表达均有统计学意义(P<0.01);电针非经穴组大鼠神经功能缺损评分及缺血侧海马区CPG15表达与模型组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 电针可改善脑缺血再灌注大鼠神经功能,并提高海马区CPG15的表达,电针对脑缺血再灌注后脑细胞的神经可塑性有促进作用.%Objective To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture on canidate plasticity- related gene 15CCPG15) expression of hippocampus in rats with cerebral ischemic reperfusion(I/R). Methods Sixty sprague - dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group (group 1) ,cerebral ischemic reperfusion model group (group 2) .electroacupuncture on meridian acupoints group (group 3),electroacupuncture on non - meridian acupoints group (group 4) .and nimodiping group (group 5). Rat models with cerebral ischemia reperfusion were prepared by modified suture. Electroacupuncture was applied on Bai Hui(TV20) and .Feng Fu

  8. The Political Market Imagination and the Analysis on China’s Governance:A Comment on Zhou Li-An’s Theory of Administrative Subcontract%政治市场想象与中国国家治理分析兼评周黎安的行政发包制理论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯仕政

    2014-01-01

    In recent years economists have shown great interest in studying China’s governance .Despite differences ,their studies share a common imagination about the Chinese state ,named“political market” in this paper . In this imagination , three dimensions of Chinese state have been paid special attention to , that is , marketability ,multiagency‐orientation ,and politicalness .Zhou Li‐An’ s theory of administrative subcontract has made important contribution to all these three areas , and ends up greatly advancing the research on China’s governance from an economic perspective .The political market imagination ,however ,tends to overemphasize the marketability of the state at the expense of slighting its political‐ness . Just in the same vein of bias ,Zhou’ s article is in a weak position to specify the property and function of the state’s power ,and to define the concepts related .Despite this ,the political market imagination and Zhou’ s theory have still provided the scholars , including those outside economics , with a proactive , integrative , and analytical framework based on which they can build their theorization on China’s governance .%近年来,经济学越来越多地介入有关中国国家治理问题的研究。经济学对这一问题的关注始终围绕关于国家的“政治市场想象”展开。该想象有三个核心关切,即国家的市场性、多主体性和政治性。周黎安的“行政发包制”理论在这三个维度的每一个方面都有重要发展,将经济学的中国国家治理研究推进到一个新的高度。但“政治市场想象”重视国家的市场性而轻忽其政治性的倾向,也使周黎安模型对权力问题的分析较为薄弱,以致造成核心概念的界定不够清晰等问题。尽管如此,“政治市场想象”仍为中国国家治理研究提供了一个颇有启发性和整合性的思想框架。

  9. New Understanding of the Date of Emperor Zhou - mu and Queen West at Kunlun Mountain:On History Complex and Nature Space%周穆王与西王母昆仑之会的新阐释——兼论“历史情结”与自然空间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨亦军

    2012-01-01

    远古神话周穆王与西王母昆仑之会,在跨越自然空间的“心”、“物”交感中,孕育出中土与西域心心相系的古老的“历史情结”;又以人的“文化的超机体因素”超越自然生态的“种内关系”,而且大胆实施空间创造,把纷繁复杂的现实因素转化为“柔远能迩”、“和远又和近”的空间思辨;同时在“心”随“物”(自然空间)游中,展开对自然的诗意想象,以生命的执着冲破内心孤独,努力践行追求和谐、统一的空间行为,从而在“原生态自然”中编织了关于中原与西域不可分割的“生命”之链,升华了“历史情结”。%In Chinese ancient myth, the date of Queen West and Emperor Zhou -mu gestated the old epenthetic historic complex between Chinese middle land and Western territory in the supernatural spatial interaction of mind and thing. On the other hand, they didn't only surpass natural ecosystem's inner genus relation as human's cultural super -organ, but also created space boldly and changed the complex reality into space dialectic of placate - far - and - dominate - near and moderated - far - and - near. Thirdly, they presented poetic imagination of nature by mind -and -thing's wandering, and pursued the harmonized and unified space as punctilious life - and - mind, and then weaved the undivided life - chain between Chinese - middle - land and Western -terrain, raising historic complex to a higher level.

  10. 后金融危机背景下泉州中小服装企业跨境电商发展对策研究%The Cross-border Electronic Business Development Countermeasure Research of Small and Medium-sized Clothing Enterprises in Quan Zhou under the Background of Post Financial Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程春

    2015-01-01

    The small and medium-sized clothing enterprises in Quan Zhou mainly make foreign trade processing.In the post economic crisis era,the small and medium-sized clothing enterprises face many difficulties.The booming of global cross-border electricity can provide a solution idea for the small and medium-sized clothing enterprises to lower the cost,reduce the trade friction and enhance the international reputation.This paper aims at the current problem of small and medium-sized clothing enterprises in the cross-border electrical business;it provides the solution for enterprises and government.On the enterprises part:they need to cultivate and attract talents,enhance the level of marketing,strengthen product innovation,create international brand,establish and maintain good reputation in companies and products. On the government part:they need to improve the laws and regulations of cross-border electricity,create electricity industrial park,promote the development of cross-border electricity agglomeration and strengthen cross-border electricity for the construction of logistics infrastructure.%泉州中小服装企业以外贸加工为主,在后金融危机时代,泉州中小服装企业面临发展中的诸多困境。跨境电商在全球的蓬勃兴起,为泉州中小服装企业降低成本、减少贸易摩擦和提升国际知名度提供了解决思路。文章针对泉州中小服装企业在进行跨境电商中存在的问题,提出企业方面需要培养和吸引跨境电商所需人才、提升营销水平、加强产品的创新、创立国际品牌、建立和维护好企业和产品的信誉;政府方面需要进一步完善跨境电商的法律法规、打造电商产业园、促进跨境电商集聚发展和加强跨境电商物流基础设施的建设等建议。

  11. 清初在越华商移民及其文化形态--以《罗塔洲重修公亭碑》为线索%Chinese Merchants in Vietnam and Its Cultural Formation in the Early Qing Dynasty-Clues from the Inscription on the Rebuilding Luo-Ta-Zhou Public Monument

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张濯清; 黎氏梅[越南

    2016-01-01

    The early Qing Dynasty witnessed the peak of Chinese immigration to Vietnam, and the frequent exchange between Chi⁃nese culture and Vietnamese culture. A new discovered monument, named the Rebuilding Luo⁃Ta⁃Zhou Public Monument, recorded the historical events about the rebuilding in the 18th century. It reflected the basic information about Mr. Chang Hung⁃chi, a representative figure of Chinese merchants in Vietnam, and his families. It also contained lots of other information about the cultural exchange between China and Vietnam. Based on the studies of the inscription and field survey data, it can be found that Chinese merchants in Vietnam in the Early Qing Dynasty took many active measures to integrate into the Vietnamese society while carrying forward and spreading the tra⁃ditional Chinese culture, which made the special cultural formation of Chinese Merchants in Vietnam in the Early Qing Dynasty.%清初是华商移居越南的高峰时期,中越文化交流十分频繁。新发现的《罗塔洲重修公亭碑》即如实记录了18世纪重修罗塔洲公亭一事,反映出在越华商代表人物会安明乡社“三后贤”之一张弘基及其家族的相关情况,透露出中越文化交流的诸多信息。结合碑刻及笔者调查所得可知,以张氏家族为代表的清初在越华商在继承、传播中华文化传统的同时,又采取多种方式积极融入越南社会,从而形成了独具自身特点的文化形态。

  12. 周代丧葬礼器“翣”的再探讨--关于“山”字形薄铜片的考证%Further Discussion about Funeral Ceremonial‘Sha’(翣) of Zhou Dynasty-- Research on the Mountain-Shaped Bronze Sheet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡; 王米佳

    2015-01-01

    在战国以前,“翣”应该是特指由羽毛编制而成的扇子,将“山”字形薄铜片定为“铜翣”,与文献不符。《礼记·檀弓上》中“周人墙置翣”的“翣”,很可能类似古埃及作为王权象征的半圆形长柄礼仪羽扇,是由羽毛和青铜羽座两部分组成,“山”字形薄铜片或只是羽扇的铜羽座。周代墓葬中出土的所谓“玉戈”,就是古文献中记载的玉圭。《礼记·丧大记》中的“皆戴圭”应该是指棺饰“戴圭”,而不是指翣“戴圭”。%The usage of the Chinese character“Sha”(翣)before the Warring States period should denote the feather-attached fans specifically. Attributing the mountain-shaped bronze sheets as“Sha”is therefore inconsistent with ancient texts. The“Sha”in was likely to be semicircular, long-handled feather fan, similar to the ceremonial feather fans of ancient Egypt symbolizing royal power. The mountain-shaped bronze sheets would more likely be a feather holder as the fan would likely be composed of feathers and a bronze base for mounting. The so-called jade“Ge”(戈)unearthed from the tombs of the Zhou Dynasty should thus be jade“Gui”(圭)recorded in ancient texts as an identification of feudal nobleman.“All wearing Gui”in should thus refer to the coffin decorations wearing“Gui”instead of“Sha”wearing“Gui”.

  13. 企业绿色产品营销策略研究*--以周黑鸭食品股份有限公司为例%Research on Green Product Marketing of ZhouHeiYa Food Co,Ltd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李林; 岳传扬

    2015-01-01

    随着人们绿色环保意识的不断提升和绿色农产品消费市场的不断扩大,企业践行绿色营销观念、推进绿色产品营销成为满足顾客需求和应对市场挑战的重要手段。作为一家立足于“绿色、安全、健康”经营理念的农产品深加工企业,周黑鸭食品有限公司在绿色产品营销上有很多举措,同时也面临一些亟待解决的问题。文章以武汉市场500名消费者为调查样本,从绿色产品的认知、意向及行为三个方面进行调查,由此指出:企业应帮助消费者提升绿色消费认知;促进政府加强市场监管企业自身应加快技术研发;从消费者、政府、企业三个层面合力推进企业绿色产品营销创新。%With the increasing improvement of people's awareness of green environmental protection and the continuous expansion of consumption market of the green agricultural products , the enterprises promote green marketing idea, which has become the important means to meet customer's demand and market competition. As a deep processing enterprise of agricultural products based on the "green health and safe management i-dea", ZhouHeiYa Food Co.,Ltd promoted many measures on green product marketing, but meanwhile, it also faced some problems to be solved .Taking 500 consumers of pot -roast products in Wuhan as the re-search sample, this paper made the investigation on three aspects: consumption cognition , consumption in-tention and consumption behaviour of green products .It concluded that green marketing innovation of enter-prises should be promoted through strengthening green consumption education , upgrading green consumption cognition, strengthening market management, and improving technology development.

  14. Effect of Different Chemical Treatments on Postharvest Physiology and Quality of FengHuang Honey Peach during Storage%不同化学方法处理对凤凰水蜜桃采后生理与品质的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刚成诚; 王亦佳; 陈奕兆; 李建龙; 高建刚; 钱伟东; 王科峰; 俞忠

    2012-01-01

    通过探讨化学方法对水蜜桃的保鲜效果及机理,进而寻找一种既有效又适合在广大果农中推广,而且符合食品安全的水蜜桃化学保鲜方法.以江苏省张家港市凤凰镇的凤凰水蜜桃(Prunus persica)为试验材料,研究分析了在冷藏条件(3±1)℃下,分别用质量分数为2%的氯化钙(CaCl2)、0.3g·L-1的水杨酸(SA)、0.5g·L-1的赤霉素(GA3)单一及复配处理浸泡凤凰水蜜桃15min的保鲜效果.结果表明:从整体保鲜效果上来说,复配处理的效果好于单一处理;2%CaCl2+0.3g· L-1SA处理在保持可溶性糖含量、降低细胞膜透性、抑制呼吸强度方面要好于其他处理;2%CaCl2单一处理在保持果实硬度、可溶性固形物和降低失重率方面要好于其他处理.2%CaCl2+0.3g· L-1SA处理的水蜜桃保鲜效果最佳,有效的抑制了果实冷害和褐变的发生,保持了水蜜桃的果实品质;而由于CaCl2成本较低,且方便获得,符合食品安全要求,因此,利用2%CaCl2进行水蜜桃保鲜则更适合在广大果农中推广应用.%In order to explore the effect and mechanism of chemical preservation methods and find out an effective way to fit the food safety policy and easy to be promoted, the FengHuang water peaches picked from Zhangjiagang, Nanjing Province, were selected as the experiment materials. At refrigerated temperature (3± It), the preservation effect was compared and analyzed using 20% calcium chloride(CaCl2) 0.3g·L-1 salicylic acid (SA), 0.5g·L-1 gibberellic acid (GA3) either separately or combined. Overall, effects of mixture treatments were better than single treatments. The 2% CaCl2+O.3g ? L-1 SA treatment was better in keeping the soluble sugar, controlling the membrane permeability, slowing down the respiration rate, the 2% CaCl2 treatment was superior in maintaining the firmness, soluble solids content(SSC) and slowing down the weight loss rate. Combined of 2% CaCl2 and 0.3g·L-' SA was an

  15. ZHENG ZHOU: A Prospering City in Middle China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ With a pleasant climate,Zhengzhou is welcoming all year round.The hottest month is July and the average temperature is about 27 C while the coldest month is January with an average temperature of -0.2 C.Autumn and spring ale the best and the peak tourist seasons.

  16. The Preparation of an Ultrastable Mesoporous Cr(III)-MOF via Reductive Labilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-02

    III)- MOF via reductive labilization† Xizhen Lian,a Dawei Feng,a Ying-Pin Chen,ab Tian-Fu Liu,a Xuan Wanga and Hong-Cai Zhou*ab Kinetic labilization of...functionalities, metal– organic frameworks ( MOFs ) have demonstrated promising applications in gas storage, separation, catalysis, guest moiety immobilization...the chemical robustness of the framework by a redox reaction.7 Based on the Hard and So Acid and Base (HSAB) prin- ciple,28 chemically robust MOFs

  17. The "Stone" Strategy of Zhou Youfu——Interview of Zhou Youfu, the Board Chairman of Tangshou Haoning Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Niu Fangli

    2008-01-01

    @@ Among the gold digging army, there is a special group who started their business out of nothing,by focusing on the import & export of iron ore.They expanded their business at a high speed and their companies are becoming stronger.And as the international price for iron ore is constantly going up, they are coming out of their shadow gradually.

  18. Enlightening People on Intelligence,Cultivating Honest Behavior and Enriching Moral Relations---An Analysis of Feng Zika‘i s Artistic Aesthetic Education Idea of “Integration of Artistic,Moral and Scientific Education”%启民智·敦教化·厚人伦--简析丰子恺的“三鼎足”文艺审美教育观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗明

    2016-01-01

    丰子恺的文艺审美教育观,恪守以文艺审美知识的普及开启民智;寓“温柔敦厚”之审美教育精神及“人性美”之教化于艺术教育实践中;其独树一帜的文艺审美教育观和强调艺术教育“三鼎足”的理念,关涉人的“类本质教育”,于当下反思我们的文艺审美教育存在的诸多问题,有着重要而深刻的反思借鉴价值。同时,丰子恺先生在文艺审美教育及其他艺术理论开创的话语实践中,融中西话语资源为一体,形成自我文论话语的写作范例,也值得成为我们今天文论话语重建的借鉴与参考。%Feng Zikai‘s aesthetic education thought enlightened the people through the popularization of the aesthetic knowledge and integrated the aesthetic education and human nature beauty into the art education practice.His inimitable artistic aesthetic education concept and artistic aesthetic education idea “integration of artistic,moral and scientific education”are both involved in “human nature education”and of vital value to the settlement of the present problems in artistic aesthetic education.Moreover,he integrated domestic and western discourses to establish his own literary theory,which is of referential significance to the discourse reconstruction of today‘s literary theory.

  19. 資訊素養與商業教育結合之理念與實施──以逢甲大學Sunny Net商學專業網站為例 | A Practical Application of Information Literacy in Business Education── Using a Web Site to Teach Lifelong Learning in Feng Chia University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    景祥祜、張簡誌誠 Hsiang-Hoo S. Ching、J. J. Chang-Chien

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available

    頁次:63-70

    資訊素養融入專業課程的教學理念已愈來愈受到重視,但國內商業教育卻鮮少有此一理念。本文首先探討現階段大學商業教育教學的概況,以反映資訊素養教育的重要性及迫切性。其次,討論大學體制內於商業教育課程中實施資訊素養教育的限制因素,進一步討論如何誘導資訊素養結合商業教育理念,階段性策略的構思,接著說明理念實踐的過程,並介紹逢甲大學商學專業網Sunny Net的現況,分享初步的成果,且提出未來展望,以尋求建立一個可以適用在我國商學專業學科的教學模式。

    Although efforts to integrate information literacy throughout educational curriculums is growing, it has not received much attention in Taiwan's business education at the post-secondary level. The purpose of this study is to explain the developing role of information literacy in business education and to analyze the present institutional constraints in its implementation. This study presents a pioneering project, Sunny Net sponsored by Feng Chia University, which is a resource-based learning environment requiring web site maintenance in order to promote student initiative and to help students recognize when there is a need for information, to identify the information for that need, and to be able to locate, to evaluate

  20. Study on the Prevalence of M etabolism Syndrome in Elderly People w ith T ype 2 Diabetes M ellitus in Chi Feng City%赤峰红山区2型糖尿病中老年人群合并代谢综合征的患病率分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝丹丹; 张垒; 马宏玉; 张凤宁; 瑞云

    2015-01-01

    目的:对赤峰市红山区2型糖尿病中老年人群合并代谢综合征的患病率进行分析。方法采取随机抽样方法选取赤峰红山区已确诊为2型糖尿病的2061例中老年患者,测量体重、身高、血压、计算体质量指数,同时静脉采血化验血脂、血糖,分析代谢综合征及其各组患病率与性别、年龄的关系。结果研究观察到,其中单纯2型糖尿病占4.8%,合并1项或1项以上的代谢异常占95.2%,合并高血压占55.4%,合并高甘油三酯血症占66.7%,合并低高密度脂蛋白胆固醇血症占50.7%,合并中心性肥胖占64.8%,合并代谢综合征占53.1%。结论各组2型糖尿病中老年患者代谢综合征患病率与年龄增长呈正相关,差异具有统计学意义。各组2型糖尿病中老年男性患者合并代谢综合征患病率低于女性。因此,对糖尿病患者只注重血糖控制是不可行的,还必须进行血压、血糖、血脂、体质量等的控制。年龄及性别是各组2型糖尿病伴发代谢综合征患病率的高危因素,应加强中老年人群2型糖尿病患者代谢综合征的防治,特别是女性。%Objective:To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in elderly people with type 2 dia-betes mellitus in Chi Feng city of Inner Mongolia .Method In order to investigate the relationship between metabolism syndrome and age and gender by the method of random sampling from 2061 patients who had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus .Result Patients with isolated type 2 diabetes mellitus just accounted for 4 .8% among 2 0 6 1 patients;patients with one or more metabolic disorders accounted for 9 5 .2% among 2 0 6 1 pa-tients;patients with hypertension accounted for 5 5 .4% among 2 0 6 1 patients;patients with hypertriglyceridemia accounted for 6 6 .7% among 2 0 6 1 patients;patients with low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol accounted for 5 0 .7% among 2 0 6 1

  1. 脊柱定点旋转复位法治疗腰椎间盘突出症的临床和影像学疗效观察%Clinical and imaging study on the treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH) by fixed-point and cyclorotation of spinal manipulation (Feng's spinal manipulation)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯宇; 高燕; 冯天有

    2011-01-01

    目的:通过观察手法治疗前后患者临床指标与影像学测试指标改变之间的关系,深入研究脊柱定点旋转复位法取得满意疗效的关键及可能机制,进一步验证脊柱内外平衡失调学说及椎体位移理论.方法:选取2006年8月至2008年5月于空军总医院就诊并采用脊柱定点旋转复位法进行治疗的腰椎间盘突出症患者34例,其中男20例,女14例;年龄18~53岁,平均(40.39±9.87)岁.比较治疗前后的直腿抬高角度(ASLR)、视觉疼痛量表(VAS)、腰背痛评分(JOA)、MRI轴位像突出髓核矢状径指数(SI)、神经根鞘袖和硬膜囊的夹角(α)、神经根鞘袖直径,并进行数据分析.结果:治疗后ASLR、VAS及JOA评分值明显高于治疗前(P0.05);患者治疗后受压神经根袖直径明显增大(P0.05).结论:脊柱定点旋转复位法治疗腰椎间盘突出症可以取得满意的疗效.磁共振脊髓成像术(magnetic resonance myelography,MRM)为脊柱定点旋转复位法疗效提供了量化的影像学依据,提示脊柱定点旋转复位法取得疗效的关键可能在于解除神经根受压,而不是突出髓核与神经根形态、位置改变是否明显.%Objective :To observe the relationship between clinical index and image index before and after treatment with Feng's spinal manipulation (FSM)and study the key points and possible mechanism getting a satisfactory therapeutic effects,and further verify the theory of imbalance of spine and vertebral displacement. Methods:From August 2006 to May 2008,34 patients with LIDH were treated by FSM for 3 weeks in Air Force General Hospi tal of PLA. There were 20 males and 14 females with the mean age of (40.39±9.87) years (18 to 53 years). The clinical data of the patients were retrospectively analyzed,including angle of straight leg raising (ASLR),visual analogue score (VAS),Japanese orthopaedics lumbodorsal pain score (JOA) ,the sagittal diameter index (SI) of protruded nucleus pulposus of MRI axial

  2. Funeral Etiquette and Ritual of the Dying and the Last Testament in the Zhou Dynasty---Taking SHANGSHU· GUMING,the Last Testament in the Chunqiu Dynasty, and BAOXUN for Examples%丧礼临终之仪与周代遗训遗言--以《尚书·顾命》、春秋“遗训”及清华简《保训》为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩高年

    2015-01-01

    《尚书·顾命》、《左传》、《国语》及近出清华简《保训》等史料记载了周代的丧礼临终之仪,以及作为“礼文”的“遗训”与“遗言”。从《顾命》到《左传》等所载来看,丧礼临终之仪的实行有自上而下传播的趋势,较之《顾命》所载,春秋时代的遗训书面化、礼仪化特征逐渐减弱,口语化的特点比较突出。对比而言,清华简《保训》是春秋时人根据《顾命》拟写的文王遗训。%The historical records and materials , including the Chinese ancient book SHA NGSHU · GUMING , ZUOZHUA N , GUOYU , and BAOXUN in Tsinghua bamboo scripts , have recorded the funeral etiquette and ritual of the dying in the Zhou Dynasty , and the last testament in funeral articles . From the records of GUMING to ZUOZHUAN ,the implement of the funeral etiquette and ritual of the dying has a tendency to spread from top to bottom . Compared with the records in GUMING , the colloquial characteristic in the Chunqiu Dynasty was more obvious while the written pattern and the ritual and etiquette of dying were inclining . In contrast , according to GUMING , BAOXUN in Tsinghua bamboo scripts was imitated by people in the Chunqiu Dynasty.

  3. 三代年代学研究的新突破%New Breakthroughs in the Chronological Study of the Three Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷玮璋

    2001-01-01

    Through four years of efforts, the "Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project" has got new breakthroughs in the chronological study. For example, the conventional :4C-dating of the serial carbon samples from the pre-dynastic Zhou—initial Western Zhou—early Western Zhou--mid Western Zhou strata of the Feng-Hao site shows that Zhou King Wu Wang's conquering the Shang dynasty was within the limits of 1050--1020 BC; the carbon samples from Tomb 8 of the Jin Marquis graveyard are 14C-dated to 808 -+ 8 BC; the five lunar eclipses recorded in oracle inscriptions of the bin group, according to astronomers' calculation carried out with palaeographers' participation, indicate that Wu Ding's reign can be dated to 1250—1192 BC, corresponding to the results of 14C-dating for the Wu Ding period. The establishment of Xia, Shang and Zhou chronological framework will play an important role in the advance of Chinese chronological study and the development of related disciplines.

  4. On the Continuity and Interpretation of "Pray Agriculture" Folk-custom of Zhou People:Farming Cultural Connotations of the Festival "Dragon Rise on the 2~(nd) of February of Lunar Calendar" in East Gansu%周人“祈农”民俗传统的延续与演绎——陇东“二月二龙抬头”节俗的农业文化内涵管窥

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    隆滟

    2012-01-01

    The festival of "Dragon Rise on the 2nd of February of Lunar Calendar" is an important traditional folk festival in the Northwest and also a festival closely related with the agricultural production.This paper mainly focuses on the farming cultural connotations of the "Dragon Rise on the 2nd of February of Lunar Calendar" such as offering sacrifice to dragon,dragon dancing,snake drawing worship,beating dustpan and the blind game,sprinkling dust,hitting the eaves,community memorial ceremony,carrying on buckets of water in the morning,frying peas,eating flour and vegetable roll,pasting paper dragon,patting tiles,festival haircut,local opera,welcoming wealth,avoiding the taboo of dragon and so on,discusses the continuity and interpretation of "pray agriculture"folk-custom of Zhou people and reveals its contemporary value and the significance of conservation of this traditional festival.%"二月二龙抬头"节是西北民间重要的传统节日,也是一个与农业生产有密切关系的节日。本文主要以陇东地区民间"二月二龙抬头"节俗的民俗事项"祭龙、舞龙、画图拜蛇、打灰簸箕、打瞎瞎、洒灰、击房檐、社祭、担晨水、炒豆豆、吃搅团糊龙头、拍瓦片、理龙头、唱大戏、迎富、避龙忌"等蕴含的文化内涵入手,以期管窥其对周人"祈农"民俗传统的延续与演绎,从而揭示其在当代社会的价值以及对其进行保护的意义。

  5. 效益最优视角下的我国视频侦查工作进路--基于周克华案、波士顿马拉松爆炸案、伦敦地铁爆炸案的比较研究%Study on the Working Approach of our Video Investigation from the Perspective of Optimal Effectiveness---Based on Comparative Case Studies of Zhou Ke-hua Case, Boston Marathon Bombing and the London Subway Bombing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔令勇

    2014-01-01

    The implementation of our video investigation work involves condition of investment and effect .Bas-ic parameter, investment and effect of Zhou Ke-hua case, Boston Marathon Bombing case and London Subway Bombings Case are specific indexes of evaluating video investigation .Optimal effectiveness of video investigation is the maximization of investigation efficiency with limited cost .The economic model of optimal effectiveness of video investigation includes ideal and real functions .Optimal effectiveness of video investigation should also take content of law and sociology into consideration .Working approach of China's video investigation from the perspective of op-timal effectiveness is a integral project which involves theory , hardware , staff and mechanism .%我国视频侦查工作的实施状况包括投入与效果两个层面。周克华案、波士顿马拉松爆炸案、伦敦地铁爆炸案中的案件基本参数状况、资源投入状况与收益状况是评价视频侦查工作实施状况的具体指标。视频侦查工作效益最优是指在视频侦查资源成本投入一定的情况下实现侦查效益的最大化。视频侦查工作效益最优的经济学模型包括理想与现实状态两种函数。视频侦查工作的效益最优还应当兼顾法学与社会学领域的内容。效益最优视角下的我国视频侦查工作进路是一种体系化的工作形式,由原理、硬件、人员与机制四个层面的内容组成。

  6. 灾难暴力与亲情撕裂“缝合”的悲剧--对冯小刚电影《唐山大地震》“爆炸效应”的文化症候阅读%A Tragedy of Disaster, Violence, “Torn and Stitched” Family Ties:Cultural Symposium of “Explosion Effect”in Feng Xiao-gang’s Tangshan Earthquake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小平

    2012-01-01

      Tangshan Earthquake is the tragedy of a family torn by the violence of the earthquake and bridged up again during the earthquake. Its subtext is an inquiry into the legitimacy of Confucian ethics. Feng Xiao-gang finds a balance among the mainstream ideology, disastrous narrative, and visual wonders. By reducing the length, shock, and fear of disastrous scenes, he focuses image expressions upon the ethical and emotional story, and wins hundreds of millions of viewers’recognition, so that he has achieved a great leap in his way of exploring tragic films. Tangshan Earthquake is not a success of aesthetic form, but one based on the hidden breakthrough of Confucian ethics and culture; therefore, the entire film always echoes with affections and conflicts from family blood ties. This narrative framework of family breaking-up and re-healing contributes to the seamless integration and interaction of tragedies caused by both natural disasters and cultural values. Also, the narrative framework conforms to the film audience’s experiences, and cultural, emotional, and aesthetic expectations, so that the film brings about explosive reactions and soul-provoking resonance.%  《唐山大地震》是一部亲情被地震灾难的暴力撕裂又在地震中弥合的悲剧,其潜文本是对儒家伦理合法性的叩问。冯小刚在主流意识形态、灾难叙事、影像奇观中寻找到了平衡点,扬长避短,弱化灾难场景的时长和震惊、恐惧的镜头,影像表达聚焦在伦理化、情感化的故事上,博得了亿万观众的认同,实现了他在悲剧电影探索道路上的跨越。《唐山大地震》的成功不属于美学形式上的成功,而是建立在对儒家伦理文化秘密勘破的基础上的成功,整个影片始终回荡着基于血缘家庭的亲情和冲突。正是这一亲情破裂又重新愈合的叙事构架完成了自然灾难的悲剧和文化观念导致的悲剧的无间的融合和互动,也

  7. New Biography of Lei Feng's Descendant--Information in "Lei Feng Team"%雷锋传人新传--"雷锋班"见闻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘一力

    2003-01-01

    @@ 40年前的1月,沈阳军区司令员陈锡联上将,用他那洪钟般的声音宣读了中华人民共和国国防部命令: 批准命名雷锋生前所在的3317部队运输连四班为"雷锋班".

  8. NOTCH1 is a poor prognostic factor for breast cancer and is associated with breast cancer stem cells

    OpenAIRE

    Zhong Y; Shen S; Zhou Y.; Mao F; Lin Y; Guan J; Xu Y.; Zhang S.; Liu X; Sun Q.

    2016-01-01

    Ying Zhong,1 Songjie Shen,1 Yidong Zhou,1 Feng Mao,1 Yan Lin,1 Jinghong Guan,1 Yali Xu,1 Shu Zhang,2 Xu Liu,3 Qiang Sun1 1Department of Breast Disease, 2Department of Dermatology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, 3Centralab Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Abstract: Recently, the human gene NOTCH1 has been found to be implicated in cancer cell metastasis and the maintenance of cancer stem cells. How...

  9. RETRACTED: Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into T1DN in the Caucasian population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Tian-Biao; Guo, Xue-Feng; Jiang, Zongpei; Li, Hong-Yan

    2015-12-01

    The following article has been included in a multiple retraction: Tian-Biao Zhou, Xue-Feng Guo, Zongpei Jiang, and Hong-Yan Li Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into T1DN in the Caucasian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563425, first published on February 1, 2015 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563425 This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors and the Publisher. After conducting a thorough investigation, SAGE found that the submitting authors of a number of papers published in the Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin Aldosterone System ( JRAAS) (listed below) had supplied fabricated contact details for their nominated reviewers. The Editors accepted these papers based on the reports supplied by the individuals using these fake reviewer email accounts. After concluding that the peer review process was therefore seriously compromised, SAGE and the journal Editors have decided to retract all affected articles. Online First articles (these articles will not be published in an issue) Wenzhuang Tang, Tian-Biao Zhou, and Zongpei Jiang Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563426, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563426 Tian-Biao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Zong-Pei Jiang, Jia-Fan Zhou, Miao-Fang Huang, and Zhi-Yang Zhou Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314563424, first published on December 18, 2014 doi: 10.1177/1470320314563424 Weiqiang Zhong, Zongpei Jiang, and Tian-Biao Zhou Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 1470320314566019, first published on January

  10. Curriculum vitae of D. Mikuláš (Nicolas Russnák Theologian and liturgist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vojtech Bohač

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available University professor D. Mikuláš Russnák came from a clerical family. His father, Pavol Russnák was a Catholic priest o f the Byzantine rite. His mother Many, originally itemed Brinszky, came from Varhaftovce, and was a daughter of a priest. Mikuláš Russnák was bom on 30 April 1878 in Sopkovce. He received the sacrament o f baptism and confirmation in Sopkovce on 7 May 1878. He had three siblings. His younger brother Pavol was a priest and doctor o f sacred theology. He was a vice-dean at the seminaiy in Prešov, and a canon and a parish priest in Zavadka. He died on 18 March 1943. Of his two sisters, Gizela was older and Etelka was younger than Mikuláš. Gizela married Viktor Leukanič, a Catholic priest o f the Byzantine rite in Klečenov. Etelka married Julius Szinyei-Merse, a lawyer. The children were brought up in file Catholic faith, as would be obvious for the family o f the Catholic priest. The family atmosphere o f devotion and catholicity remained an everlasting value for Mikuláš. His mother Jolana died on 7 June 1898 and his father Pavol died on 27 June 1921.

  11. Teachers' perceptions of resistant behaviour of children in the middle childhood developmental phase / Nicola Taryn Richardson

    OpenAIRE

    Richardson, Nicola Taryn

    2014-01-01

    Resistant behaviour is a serious reality in South African primary schools. South Africa’s teachers strive to be agents of positive change amidst the multiple challenges they and their learners encounter, yet they admittedly experience daily frustration at addressing resistant behaviour. Considering the harsh external realities which many learners encounter, resistant behaviour cannot be expected to disappear at the introduction of specific techniques. The research consequently aimed to examin...

  12. Activism : artful tactics of social change in urban and cyber space / Nicola Kirkham

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirkham, Nicola

    2003-01-01

    Käesolev töö on osa interdistsiplinaarsest ühiskondlikust programmist, mis tegeleb avalikkuse osalemisega avalikus linnaruumis toimuvates loomingulistes ja kultuuriprojektides, ajendamaks linna uuenemist, jätkusuutlikku arengut ja kodanikualgatust

  13. Agnese Krivade "Oo". Tõlkijad aktsioonis / Nicolas Auzanneau ; tõlkinud Maria Esko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Auzanneau, Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    Tõlkijate ühisaktsioonist Facebookis, kus kutsuti üles tõlkima võimalikult paljudesse keeltesse läti luuletaja Agnese Krivade ebamoraalseks nimetatud luuletust "Oo". Artikkel sisaldab luuletuste tõlkeid kreeka, inglise, prantsuse ja vene keelde

  14. Comment la bonne Ligue sauva la monarchie. 1593 selon Nicolas Lefèvre de Lezeau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrice Micallef

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Le chapitre III de la Vie de Marillac par Lefèvre de Lezeau est consacré au passé ligueur du garde des sceaux. Justifier l’appartenance au parti catholique n’est pas une chose facile dans la France du milieu du xviie qui considère majoritairement les ligueurs comme des fanatiques violents ou comme des hypocrites, vendus aux puissances étrangères, notamment l’Espagne. La réhabilitation menée par l’auteur consiste à dire que Marillac faisait partie d’une « bonne ligue », représentée notamment au parlement de Paris. C’est cette bonne ligue parlementaire qui en juin 1593, sous l’impulsion de Marillac, aurait sauvé la monarchie en promulguant le célèbre arrêt Lemaître, cassant toutes les décisions que les états généraux étaient susceptibles de prendre pour transmettre la couronne de France à un prince étranger. Nous avons choisi d’étudier cette source en posant trois questions.1 Les événements rapportés par l’auteur sont-ils crédibles ? Ces faits semblent exacts dans l’ensemble. Mais le point central de la démonstration, à savoir le rôle essentiel de Marillac, n’est à ce jour étayé par aucune autre source. 2 Que nous apprend ce document sur les pratiques d’historien de Lefèvre de Lezeau ? Plusieurs indices nous laissent penser que ce texte pourrait être à l’origine autonome, et aurait été tardivement inséré par l’auteur dans sa Vie de Marillac.3 Quelle est la stratégie d’écriture de l’auteur ? La réhabilitation de la bonne Ligue est rendue acceptable car elle se fait au miroir du parti royaliste : comme le royaliste, le bon ligueur est modéré, courageux, il a le sens de l’état, et c’est un « bon français », gallican et opposé aux ambitions espagnoles. Mais derrière ces éléments consensuels, l’auteur ne remet pas en cause la légitimité de la Ligue ; il en fait même le premier instrument de la Providence pour pacifier la France. Subrepticement, Lezeau bat en brèche les fondements de l’historiographie bourbonienne ; ce faisant, il offre au lectorat dévot l’occasion de considérer l’épisode ligueur non plus comme un échec, mais comme une victoire spirituelle et politique.The third chapter of Marillac’s Life by Lefèvre de Lezeau is dedicated to the chancellor’s past as a member of the Catholic League. Justifying one’s membership to the catholic party was not easy in seventeenth-century France. This was because supporters of the League were described as violent fanatics or as hypocrites, thought to be corrupted by foreign powers such as Spain. Lezeau’s reappraisal of Marillac centres on the argument that the chancellor was the contingent of a “good League”, which was especially present in the Parisian parliament. According to Lezeau, this good parliamentary League saved the French monarchy at Marillac’s behest in 1593, by promulgating the famous “arrêt Lemaître.” This ruled out the possibility that the General Estates could give the royal crown to a foreign prince. I examined this source by asking three questions. 1 Is Lezeau’s work credible? The facts seem to be correct throughout. But the central argument concerning the crucial role of Marillac is not supported by any source other than himself. 2 What does this document tell us about Lezeau’s practices as a historian? A few clues lead us to believe that this text could have originally been written independently, and that Lezeau could have integrated it later on into his text on Marillac’s Life. 3 What is the writing strategy of the author? Lezeau tried to justify his rehabilitation of the “good League” by describing it as a mirror of the royalist party: as a royalist, a member of the “good League” is said to be temperate, courageous, loyal to the State, a “good Frenchman”, gallican, and opposed to Spanish ambitions. However, behind these consensual aspects, the author didn’t question the legitimacy of the League; he even described it as God’s primary tool for establishing peace in France. Lezeau covertly undermined the basis of bourbonian historiography. In doing this it offered devout readers the option of considering this episode of the league’s history as a spiritual and political victory rather than as a failure.

  15. Leadership in the inter-war period. Case Study: Nicolae Malaxa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionuț Constantin

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The interwar period was called the Golden Age of Romania. From a certain point of view it was. Cultural effervescence of the time, the economic boom due by the development of the industry has brought Romania to the attention of Western Europe. Many industries in the late ‘30 had advanced enough to be able to satisfy almost all domestic needs. Regarding technology, most romanian plants were behind those in the West. In heavy industry, only Malaxa and the Steelworks Resita were the best in Western Europe. In retrospect of these events I have considered appropriate to study this issue closely, to be fascinated by a controversial but destined to lead character, a character that has go down in history because of his pioneering leadership actions.

  16. 78 FR 70005 - Naval Base Ventura County, San Nicolas Island, California; Restricted Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-22

    ... the body of your comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If we cannot read your comment... the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT... structure and names, and correct a mapping error in the original rule. The Corps authority to amend this...

  17. A new species of Ammothella (Pycnogonida: Ammotheidae) from deep water off San Nicolas Island, California

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dojiri, Masahiro; Cadien, B. Donald; Phillips, A. Charles

    1991-01-01

    Ammothella killix n. sp. is described from upper bathyal depths on the Cortez Ridge; it is the tenth in the genus from the eastern Pacific, and sixth from California. It differs from its congeners most noticeably in having chelifore fusion, and in bearing slender spiny tubercles on all of the follow

  18. Una narracion fundacional para una antropologia filosofica Chilena: Raza Chilena de Nicolas Palacios

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Alvarado, Miguel; Fernandez, Hector

    2011-01-01

    ..., principalmente racistas y evolucionistas, pero se separa de estos al intentar dar una vision panoramica del mestizaje, como fruto de un proceso de contaminacion de culturas que se encuentran y de la mutacion sociocultural resultante...

  19. Nicolas Cage otsib kadunud tütart naistesaarelt / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2006-01-01

    Õudusfilm "Ohvripidu" : režissöör Neil LaBute : peaosas Nicholas Cage : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Saksamaa 2006. Film on uusversioon briti 1973.a. filmist, mille režissöör oli Robin Hardy ja ühes peaosadest Christopher Lee

  20. Agnese Krivade "Oo". Tõlkijad aktsioonis / Nicolas Auzanneau ; tõlkinud Maria Esko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Auzanneau, Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    Tõlkijate ühisaktsioonist Facebookis, kus kutsuti üles tõlkima võimalikult paljudesse keeltesse läti luuletaja Agnese Krivade ebamoraalseks nimetatud luuletust "Oo". Artikkel sisaldab luuletuste tõlkeid kreeka, inglise, prantsuse ja vene keelde

  1. 78 FR 67300 - Anchorage Regulations: Pacific Ocean at San Nicolas Island, Calif.; Restricted Anchorage Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ..., go to http://www.regulations.gov , type the docket number USCG-2012-0967 in the ``SEARCH'' box and...'' box and click ``SEARCH.'' Click on Open Docket Folder on the line associated with this rulemaking. You... Beach and the explosives safety arc around the Barge Pier at Daytona Beach (see figure 2 located in...

  2. Nicolas Cage otsib kadunud tütart naistesaarelt / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2006-01-01

    Õudusfilm "Ohvripidu" : režissöör Neil LaBute : peaosas Nicholas Cage : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Saksamaa 2006. Film on uusversioon briti 1973.a. filmist, mille režissöör oli Robin Hardy ja ühes peaosadest Christopher Lee

  3. Ethics, Humanism and Poetry: Analysis of Nicolas Guillén Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Darío Moreno Acero

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Nicolás Guillén poetry is able to sound out the human and its condition. Besides, it portrays witnessed social phenomena. Thus, it is said that poetry leads to an ethical reflection on the human condition in the world. Hence, it has got a two-sided essence. First, as reasoning set depicting the daily horror and violence an individual deals with. Then, a significant and virtuous narrative that may lead to conceive better ways to inhabit the world. This paper analyzes three main Latin American philosophy topics in Nicolás Guillén works: the human deterioration amidst social, politic and economic conflicts, justice need and human reinvidication claimed by each conflict actor and the importance of listening to other narratives presenting ways to cope with horror and abolish it. In general, this article shows one of the results got by the research group: “Ethics and Literature: Narratives on the human. Nicolás Guillén poetry has images that can be useful for Ethics to enquire inhuman actions. It also holds utopian proposals to build up a fair society and ethic criteria concerning more human action and judgement.

  4. Activism : artful tactics of social change in urban and cyber space / Nicola Kirkham

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirkham, Nicola

    2003-01-01

    Käesolev töö on osa interdistsiplinaarsest ühiskondlikust programmist, mis tegeleb avalikkuse osalemisega avalikus linnaruumis toimuvates loomingulistes ja kultuuriprojektides, ajendamaks linna uuenemist, jätkusuutlikku arengut ja kodanikualgatust

  5. 风水的文化价值%The Cultural Values of Feng Shui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭雅琳; 陈磊

    2010-01-01

    风水思想也是一种文化现象,是中国建筑文化的重要组成部分,我们应该给予正确的认识和评价.理解其中的实用内涵和审美愈义,立足现在,思考风水的文化的真正价值.

  6. Architectural Education Adapting to Climate Challenges in Light of "Feng-Shui"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ping

    2016-01-01

    Weather challenges have become a significant issue for our society in recent years. Thousands of people have lost their homes and lives. Buildings designed without taking into account wind and water factors have repeatedly been destroyed during natural disasters. These problems in practice reflect the weak points in education. Our ancestors…

  7. Ivi-Els Schneider : "Eestis on oma feng-shui täiesti olemas"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Sisearhitekt Ivi-Els Schneider (sünd. 1945) endast, eelistustest interjööri kujundamisel, kodukujundamisest, loodusega arvestamisest. Ivi-Els Schneiderist, esinemisest näitustel, omistatud preemiad, olulisemaid kujundatud objekte, loomingut muuseumides. Ill.: Ivi-Els Schneideri värv. portree

  8. Feng Zhi and German Romantic Literature%冯至与德国浪漫文学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷丽玉

    2002-01-01

    冯至是20世纪中国的重要诗人,在他的诗歌走向"现代"的过程中,德国的浪漫文学精神对他在20年代的诗学观及创作有着重要的影响.德国浪漫文学的本质是什么?对冯至的影响是什么?冯至对德国浪漫文学的接受与20年代的中国浪漫主义有何区别?本文作者认为,理解这些问题是理解冯至及20世纪中国文学对外国文学的接受的重要方面.

  9. 《郑风》淫论考辨%The Discussion of Zheng Feng' Seduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈世武

    2009-01-01

    孔子言"放郑声,郑声淫"的论断引发了一场聚讼千年的公案,更严重的是影响了人们对的价值评判.针对这一问题,从对"郑声"的批评、"郑声"与的关系及被误解的原因等三个方面来探讨"郑声"与错综复杂的纠葛.

  10. In Deep Memory of Mr.Zhao Feng%深切怀念赵沨同志

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜鸣心

    2004-01-01

    赵沨同志突然逝世,令人非常意外。之前我还与原中央芭蕾舞剧团演员徐谦根同志相约去他的新家拜望,未能预料这样匆匆过世,使我们失去了一位亲切的长者。

  11. Feng Youlan and "Joseph Needham Problem"%冯友兰与"李约瑟难题"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜保友

    2006-01-01

    通过考证,本文试图指明,作为当代中国著名的哲学家和哲学史家,冯友兰在李约瑟之前,就已经以哲学的方式提出并尝试回答了"为什么中国没有产生近代自然科学"这个被称为"李约瑟难题"的问题.在冯友兰看来,古代中国以农业为主的经济状况和中国人"农"的生活方式,以及由此所产生的以直觉为主、主客不分的思维方式,是中国未能产生近代自然科学的主要原因.文章认为,对"李约瑟难题"的探究,是冯友兰一生哲学活动的重要内容,也是我们理解其思想发展过程的一把钥匙.

  12. Investigation of concrete-filled stainless steel tubular X-joints | Feng ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Investigation of concrete-filled stainless steel tubular X-joints. ... and RHS) with nominal concrete cylinder strength of 30 MPa filled in the chord members. ... The numerical results showed good agreement with the experimental results. ... The joint strengths obtained from the parametric study and tests were compared with the ...

  13. 冯至与里尔克%Feng Zi and Rilke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永中

    2006-01-01

    本文以物为切入点,探讨德语现代作家里尔克在物与观看、物与经验,物与自我存在等方面对中国现代作家冯至的影响.文章认为,冯至对里尔克的接受经过了道家、佛禅思想的过滤并在二者之间游离.冯至没有走向超验的存在,而是着眼于对现实的承担与超越.

  14. 冯至与里尔克%Feng Zhi and Rilke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永中

    2006-01-01

    本文以物为切入点,探讨德语现代作家里尔克在物与观看、物与经验,物与自我存在等方面对中国现代作家冯至的影响.文章认为,冯至对里尔克的接受经过了道家、佛禅思想的过滤并在二者之间游离.冯至没有走向超验的存在,而是着眼于对现实的承担与超越.

  15. 冯至与里尔克%Feng Zhi and R.M. Rilke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷丽玉

    2001-01-01

    在诗人冯至的思想与艺术转变的过程中,德语诗人里尔克对他产生了决定性的影响.本文通过对里尔克的艺术观与个体生命意识的梳理,以及对冯至40年代主要作品的分析,阐述里尔克对冯至的精神世界及艺术创造的演变所产生的影响.

  16. 冯至与里尔克%Feng Zhi and Rainer Maria Rilke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆耀东

    2003-01-01

    冯至作为中国现代杰出的抒情诗人,他的诗歌创作、散文创作和哲学理念与德国大诗人里尔克有着千丝万缕的联系.本文叙述了冯至阅读里尔克作品的过程和接受里尔克影响的方式,具体探讨了二者在精神与形式上的种种关联,并对作家如何接受与改造来自不同民族的文化资源提出管见.

  17. Ivi-Els Schneider : "Eestis on oma feng-shui täiesti olemas"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Sisearhitekt Ivi-Els Schneider (sünd. 1945) endast, eelistustest interjööri kujundamisel, kodukujundamisest, loodusega arvestamisest. Ivi-Els Schneiderist, esinemisest näitustel, omistatud preemiad, olulisemaid kujundatud objekte, loomingut muuseumides. Ill.: Ivi-Els Schneideri värv. portree

  18. Computing the Feng-Rao distances for codes from order domains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruano Benito, Diego

    2007-01-01

    We compute the Feng–Rao distance of a code coming from an order domain with a simplicial value semigroup. The main tool is the Apéry set of a semigroup that can be computed using a Gröbner basis....

  19. RETRACTED: Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Tian-Biao; Li, Hong-Yan; Jiang, Zong-Pei; Zhou, Jia-Fan; Huang, Miao-Fang; Zhou, Zhi-Yang

    2015-12-01

    The following article has been included in a multiple retraction: Tian-Biao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Zong-Pei Jiang, Jia-Fan Zhou, Miao-Fang Huang and Zhi-Yang Zhou Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy Journal of Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System ( JRAAS) 1470320314563424, first published 18 December 2014. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314563424 . This article has been retracted at the request of the Editors and the Publisher. After conducting a thorough investigation, SAGE found that the submitting authors of a number of papers published in the JRAAS (listed below) had supplied fabricated contact details for their nominated reviewers. The Editors accepted these papers based on the reports supplied by the individuals using these fake reviewer email accounts. After concluding that the peer-review process was therefore seriously compromised, SAGE and the journal Editors have decided to retract all affected articles. Online-first articles (these articles will not be published in an issue) Wenzhuang Tang, Tian-Biao Zhou and Zongpei Jiang Association of the angiotensinogen M235T gene polymorphism with risk of diabetes mellitus developing into diabetic nephropathy JRAAS 1470320314563426, first published 18 December 2014. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314563426 . Tian-Biao Zhou, Hong-Yan Li, Zong-Pei Jiang, Jia-Fan Zhou, Miao-Fang Huang and Zhi-Yang Zhou Role of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors in radiation nephropathy JRAAS 1470320314563424, first published 18 December 2014. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314563424 . Weiqiang Zhong, Zongpei Jiang and Tian-Biao Zhou Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T2DN susceptibility: The risk of T2DM developing into T2DN in the Asian population JRAAS1470320314566019, first published 26 January 2015. DOI: 10.1177/1470320314566019 . Tian-Biao Zhou, Xue-Feng Guo, Zongpei Jiang and Hong-Yan Li Relationship between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and T1DN susceptibility/risk of T1DM developing into

  20. Past Really Is Prologue Interview of Zhou Haijiang,president of Hongdou Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    shang Lin'aiyi

    2007-01-01

    @@ Hongdou Group, one of China's manufacturing Goliaths in terms of garment industry.alwavs keeps weaving legends and fermenting flourishes. "Hongdou" is a transliteration of Chinese charaeters "red bean" . which bears a speeial meaning in Chinese culture: red bean is jequirity, symbolizing love and blessings ,as this connotation declares,Hongdou Croup always refresthes its progresses...