WorldWideScience

Sample records for femme blesses medullaires

  1. Femme fatale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Tardío Gastón

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Our history is full of myths and topics. Therefore the image of femme fatale is frequent in the works of all periods and places. The author of this article first analyzes how the history and literature consistently showed and defined these women, and then presents examples that come from ancient Greece. The art is powered by their power of seduction and the article explains how this femme fatale appeared in literature and film. The article concludes with a brief overview of various arguments concerning women and feminism, present in the literary criticism.

  2. Femmes, genre et violence

    OpenAIRE

    Castan-Vicente, Florys; Benevent, Laurie

    2016-01-01

    Le présent article s’attache à comparer deux ouvrages sur la violence et les femmes, parus à quinze ans d’intervalle : De la violence et des femmes (1997) et Penser la violence des femmes (2012). Il s’agira de dégager de cette comparaison des conclusions sur l’évolution, entre ces deux dates, de ce champ d’étude, très neuf lors de la parution du premier ouvrage, et ayant connu un développement important par la suite.

  3. Suppl\\'eance perceptive par \\'electro-stimulation linguale embarqu\\'ee : perspectives pour la pr\\'evention des escarres chez le bless\\'e m\\'edullaire

    OpenAIRE

    Chenu, Olivier; Vuillerme, Nicolas; Moreau-Gaudry, Alexandre; Fleury, Anthony; Demongeot, Jacques; Payan, Yohan

    2007-01-01

    We introduce the innovative technologies, based on the concept of "sensory substitution", we are developing in the fields of biomedical engineering and human disability. Precisely, our goal is to design, develop and validate practical assistive biomedical and/or technical devices and/or rehabilitating procedures for persons with disabilities, using artificial tongue-placed tactile biofeedback systems. This paper proposes an application for pressure sores prevention in case of spinal cord inju...

  4. Blessed with song

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    The Morriston Orpheus Choir from Swansea sing in the CERN control center.The Morriston Orpheus Choir from Swansea were joined by the Welsh First Minister Rhodri Morgan at the LHC control room on Sunday 12 October. Lyn Evans, a fellow Welshman, was excited to have them here at CERN. "The control room has been somewhat quieter recently than on the 10 September," he said later in his speech at the LHC inauguration ceremony, "but last week, some fellow countrymen of mine, the wonderful Morriston Orpheus choir from Wales, paid us a visit and blessed the LHC with song."

  5. Femmes, militance et vieillissement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Quéniart

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article se propose d’aborder la question de la militance chez les femmes aînées à partir des résultats d’une recherche qualitative menée au Québec, Canada, sur trois ans (2005-2008. Alors que les aînées d’aujourd’hui appartiennent à une génération de femmes qui ont ouvert de multiples portes et ont investi de nouveaux espaces publics, on s’est peu intéressé à leurs pratiques et au sens de leurs engagements après 65 ans. Après avoir introduit la question de la participation sociale et citoyenne des personnes âgées en général, et plus particulièrement des femmes âgées, les auteures mettent en évidence les principales caractéristiques de leurs engagements militants et de leurs conceptions du monde ; un monde qu’elles rêvent encore de changer. Une attention particulière est portée à la perception qu’ont les aînées des différences liées au genre et à la génération. En effet, bien que la plupart d’entre elles ne se définissent pas comme étant des retraitées ni des féministes, elles considèrent que leurs formes et leurs pratiques de militance se distinguent de celles des jeunes militantes et de leurs homologues masculins.Este artículo tiene como objetivo analizar la cuestión de la militancia de las mujeres mayores de 65 años. Propone un estudio llevado a cabo en Québec, Canadá, sobre un período de 3 años (2005-2008. Sabemos que las mujeres mayores de 65 años pertenecen a una nueva generación que ha abierto muchas puertas y se ha introducido en espacios públicos nuevos. Sin embargo, poco nos hemos interesado por sus actividades y sus compromisos después de los 65 años. En este estudio, se introducirá de forma general el problema de la participación social y ciudadana de las personas mayores para después comprobar las principales características de su militancia y de su concepción del mundo. Se prestará especial atención a la percepción que tienen estas mujeres de las

  6. The Blessing of Abraham: Seeking an Interpretive Link between ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... of biblical exegesis with the sub-method of lexical and syntactic analysis, it was found out that the blessing is that of sonship through Jesus Christ by virtue of the gift of the Holy Spirit and not material or financial blessing. Keywords: The Blessing of Abraham; Prosperity Preachers; Genesis 12; Galatians 3; Paul's theology ...

  7. Two Blessings for Ostromir the Posadnik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander L. Lifshits

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to a new interpretation of the well-known postscript in the so-called Ostromir Gospels—the earliest Russian manuscript, written in 1056/1057. In this afterword on fols. 294r and 294v, one of scribes (deacon Gregory by name twice asked for a blessing for Ostromir the “Posadnik,” who had paid for the creation of this outstanding manuscript. The first blessing requested is the blessing of the Holy Evangelists. Although it is perfectly appropriate for someone who ordered such an expensive Gospel book to ask for blessings from the evangelists, the names of the evangelists were listed in an unusual sequence. The order of names corresponds to the order in which selected fragments of the Gospels (Pericopes are read in “aprakos” Gospels: John, Matthew, Luke, Mark. The second blessing is quite uncommon. Gregory asks the three biblical patriarchs—Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob—to bless Ostromir. The most reliable explanation of this request is the Christian name of Ostromir, which is mentioned in the scribe’s note—Joseph. In Old Rus’ people considered everyone named Joseph as a bearer of the name of Joseph the All-Comely (Genesis. So Gregory appears to flatter Ostromir implicitly by calling him the all-comely son of Jacob, grandson of Isaac, and great-grandson of Abraham. But to stress the desirable and hoped-for similarity, Deacon Gregory mentions Ostromir-Joseph twice as the first after the Great Duke of Kiev, just as the biblical Joseph was named the first after Pharaoh. This shows that in pre-Mongol Rus’ there was a thorough knowledge of the texts of the Old Testament and that there was a readiness to include these skills in a complicated intellectual game.

  8. Worldviews: A blessing or a curse?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bert Olivier

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The concept of a worldview resonates with other concepts, such as those of ‘culture’, ‘civilisation’, and ‘way of life’. Arguably, it is a modern phenomenon, the possibility of which was actualised at the dawn of the modern epoch. Nevertheless, in principle, its ‘possibility’ goes back as far as Plato’s Republic. It is Heidegger, however, who is most informative for understanding what a worldview is, as well as why the modern epoch is its time of provenance. Consequently, an analysis of Heidegger’s essay, ‘The time of the world picture’ (or worldview provided the framework within which it was argued that worldviews are both blessings and curses in the current era: blessings, because, as Harries has argued, we have been disabused of the modern idea of one encompassing worldview or ideology, so that one can no longer believe in only a single ’correct’ view of the world; curses, because they bedevil any wellintended attempts at communicating with understanding on issues of common concern. It was the burden of this article to provide a way of addressing this state of affairs with some hope of transcending the causes of alienation and it is again Heidegger who is the source of such a way, through his notion of the ‘fourfold’.

  9. Clash of Desires: Detective vs. Femme Fatale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronika Pituková

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the theme of desire presented in American hard-boiled detective fiction and its subsequent transformation on the screen in form of films noir of the 1940’s. The works in focus are novels The Maltese Falcon by Dashiell Hammett, Farewell, My Lovely by Raymond Chandler and Build My Gallows High by Daniel Mainwaring and their film noir adaptations – The Maltese Falcon (1941, Murder, My Sweet (1944 and Out of the Past (1947. The proposed paper seeks to offer a contrastive analysis of the novels and the films and situate them in their respective social and cultural contexts. The central conflict of this article is presented by the clash between the femme fatale’s and detective’s desires. Hard-boiled novels present femme fatale as a dame with a past, a spider woman, and the detective as a hero with no future, caught in her web of intrigues. The only way out for the detective is to suppress the sexual desire for the woman and hold strong to his professional code. The femme fatale’s desire for more and for better is deadly and dangerous for those who succumb to her lure, but the detective’s desire for truth can be fatal for the dark lady too.  This clash presented in the novels is confronted with the 1940’s Hollywood production. When the detective frees himself from the sexual lure of the fatal woman he has a chance to live and even bring her to justice, but she can still escape or decide herself what to do with her destiny. Both, the dame and the hero are victims of their desires. The 1940’s films noir’s femme fatales have to pay for their crimes, no matter how crafty, seductive or manipulative they are.  Thus these films present the masculine dominance as strong and undefeated.

  10. Obituary: Robert C. Bless (1927 - 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surrounded by his loving family, Robert Charles Bless died at home on November 29th, three days before his 88th birthday. He was born in Ithaca, NY on Dec. 3, 1927 to a Russian father, Arthur Aaron Bless, and a French mother, Eva Chantrell Bless. Bob spent many summers on the family farm in the South of France, where he gained a great pride and joy in his French heritage, large extended family, and mother tongue. As a child growing up in Gainesville, FL, Bob's first job was snake wrangling, earning 10 cents per foot, with an added bonus for the more venomous species. Young Robbie took daily adventures in the Florida woods and swamps, armed only with pockets full of pecans and oranges. He enjoyed spending time at the family's lake cabin, where he learned to sail and helped his father plant acres of trees to grow their timber plantation. As a first generation immigrant, Bob's father received a PhD in physics, which inspired Bob to pursue an extensive educational route in astrophysics. Bob excelled in academics, graduating high school at the age of 16 and the University of Florida (B.Sc.) at 19. His path to graduate school was interrupted by a diagnosis of tuberculosis that forced him into a Florida sanitorium for one year. During this time, Bob made the most of what he described as the most dismal part of life by advocating for patient rights, initiating an inter-sanitorium newsletter, and gaining skills and experience in community organization and leadership - qualities that would later inform his leadership in academe. After being one of the first successfully treated tuberculosis patients in the US, Bob went on to earn a M.Sc. from Cornell University, and received his PhD degree in Astronomy from the University of Michigan in 1958. That same year, Bob joined the staff of the Astronomy Department of the University of Wisconsin (UW), Madison. It was there that Bob met Diane McQueen. Despite Bob's Dodge Dart and what has been described as the worst first date in

  11. Action et choix des femmes au Chili | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet part de l'hypothèse que les obstacles subjectifs sont vraisemblablement plus contraignants pour la participation des femmes que ceux dont il est question dans les recherches classiques sur la gouvernance démocratique et les droits des femmes. Par une analyse culturelle, les chercheurs tenteront de comprendre ...

  12. Butch bottom-femme top? An exploration of lesbian stereotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Ja'Nina J; Golub, Sarit A; Bimbi, David S; Parsons, Jeffrey T

    2012-01-01

    Lesbian gender labels (i.e., butch, soft butch, butch/femme, femme, and high femme) have set the stage for assumptions about lesbian attractions to sexual behaviors. This study explored the intersection of lesbian gender labels and attraction to sexual behaviors in 214 lesbian-identified women. Participants ranged in age from 18 to 69 with 48% being women of color. Contrary to stereotypes about sexual behavior in the lesbian community, very few differences emerged in regard to lesbian gender label. Overall, results do not support stereotypes about lesbian gender labels and suggest that behaviors in the lesbian community are fluid across labels.

  13. Femmes appuyant les femmes : l'engagement civique en réseau ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Il vise à promouvoir le leadership des femmes dans la société civile chilienne en renforçant le mentorat collaboratif, l'élaboration des programmes et le réseautage au moyen de plateformes numériques. Le projet permettra de créer et de mettre à l'essai une méthodologie numérique concertée et participative qui aide les ...

  14. FEMME, a flexible environment for mathematically modelling the environment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soetaert, K.E.R.; DeClippele, V.; Herman, P.M.J.

    2002-01-01

    A new, FORTRAN-based, simulation environment called FEMME (Flexible Environment for Mathematically Modelling the Environment), designed for implementing, solving and analysing mathematical models in ecology is presented. Three separate phases in ecological modelling are distinguished: (1) the model

  15. Apprentissage, transparence et création de liens : femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'initiative Gouvernance démocratique, droits des femmes et égalité entre les sexes du CRDI appuie un ensemble de recherches comparatives visant à déterminer si les institutions de démocratie et de gouvernance tiennent compte des droits des femmes et de l'égalité entre les sexes et, le cas échéant, de quelles façons.

  16. Femmes, pouvoir, sociétés

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesseling, G.S.C.M.; Locoh, T.

    1997-01-01

    Au détour des années 90 les femmes, en Afrique, sont au-devant de la scène. Les tentatives démocratiques ont été l'occasion pour les femmes de prendre conscience de leur rôle en tant que citoyennes. Quant à leur accès aux moyens de production, leurs droits sont toujours contestés. Cependant, on

  17. Droits des femmes à la terre au Pakistan | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'accès inéquitable aux terres consiste en un obstacle systémique à l'égalité des sexes au Pakistan, ce qui est à la fois la cause et l'effet de la marginalisation des femmes. Toutefois, les recherches portant sur le nombre de femmes propriétaires de terres ou qui en ont la responsabilité ne font pas légion. Ce projet vise à ...

  18. Croissance, inclusion et autonomisation économique des femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les femmes plus riches se sont enrichies, en partie parce qu'il est facile pour elles de prendre à leur service des femmes de la classe ouvrière pour prendre soin de leurs enfants et effectuer les tâches ménagères. ... Outputs. Reports. Economic growth, inclusion and empowerment of women in Brazil : final technical report ...

  19. Des changements en Asie, surtout pour les femmes | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 mars 2016 ... Deux femmes qui regardent l'écran d'un ordinateur en Inde. Photo : CRDI. Les femmes sont les agentes du changement en Inde, au Bangladesh, et au Cambodge. Je reviens tout juste d'un voyage en Inde, au Bangladesh, et au Cambodge. Bien que ces pays soient très différents, j'ai remarqué plusieurs ...

  20. Traversing Time and Space from the Blessing Window

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Ya-Ling

    2013-02-01

    The visual graphics for the holographic artwork "Blessing Window" were created from observations of Tainan city, with a focus on the beauty of Chinese characters, their typographic. The concept of movement in the artwork is from a traditional Chinese philosophy, "When the mountain does not move, the road extends, when the road does not extend to the destination, the heart will extend". One multiplex-hologram and an interactive installation were used to combine the visual concepts of typography and the philosophy.

  1. Fear of a Black femme: The existential conundrum of embodying a Black femme identity while being a professor of Black, queer, and feminist studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Story, Kaila Adia

    2017-10-02

    Although a Black femme identity has been defined and embodied by many as an identity with Black feminist roots and revolutionary potentials, Black femmes are still rendered hypervisible and invisible through racist and heteronormative politics. Similarly, embodying a Black femme identity as a professor in academia often engenders these same pretenses of hypervisibility and invisibility. This essay explores what this existential conundrum has been for me as both a Black femme and professor of Black queer and feminist studies, while illuminating the mix of forces within academia that have attempted to stifle my chosen sexual identity and gendered performance.

  2. Women's club - Christmas Sale - Solidarité Femmes

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Women's club

    2010-01-01

    Thursday, 25 November from 9am to 3pm Main Building 60, Ground floor All proceeds from the sale will be given to the charity Solidarité Femmes Numerous items for sale: Christmas wreaths, Cakes and Biscuits, Coffee, Preserves, Paintings, Books, Embroidery, Patchwork, Painting on porcelain... Tombola! Win a patchwork quilt, handmade by CWC members. All are welcome!

  3. Supprimer les obstacles pour renforcer l'autonomie des femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 févr. 2011 ... Le Programme d'action de Beijing visait à rendre toutes les femmes autonomes. Mais avons-nous perdu quelque chose dans les batailles considérées comme remportées ? Et qu'avons-nous gagné dans les batailles considérées comme perdues ?

  4. Participation des jeunes femmes à la vie politique en Tunisie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les chercheurs tenteront de comprendre en quoi le parcours personnel des jeunes femmes influe sur le passage d'une disposition envers l'engagement politique (habitus) à une participation active. Ils rendront compte de la façon dont l'âge, le sexe et le contexte sociopolitique général influent sur la participation politique ...

  5. Le devenir materno-foetal chez les femmes eclamptiques ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    accouchement et il existait une légère recrudescence au-delà du sixième jour. Le profil ... Les enfants à terme nés de telles femmes étaient plus souvent eutrophiques qu'hypotrophes (20%) ; 38% d'entre eux étaient transférés en néonatalogie.

  6. Crude Oil Resource: A Blessing Or Curse To Nigeria – The Case Of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Crude Oil Resource: A Blessing Or Curse To Nigeria – The Case Of The Niger Delta. S Tamuno, JM Felix. Abstract. This paper examines the question as to whether crude oil resource is a blessing or curse to Nigeria: The case of the Niger Delta Region. The paper traces the origin of oil exploration and exploitation from ...

  7. BLESS 2: accurate, memory-efficient and fast error correction method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heo, Yun; Ramachandran, Anand; Hwu, Wen-Mei; Ma, Jian; Chen, Deming

    2016-08-01

    The most important features of error correction tools for sequencing data are accuracy, memory efficiency and fast runtime. The previous version of BLESS was highly memory-efficient and accurate, but it was too slow to handle reads from large genomes. We have developed a new version of BLESS to improve runtime and accuracy while maintaining a small memory usage. The new version, called BLESS 2, has an error correction algorithm that is more accurate than BLESS, and the algorithm has been parallelized using hybrid MPI and OpenMP programming. BLESS 2 was compared with five top-performing tools, and it was found to be the fastest when it was executed on two computing nodes using MPI, with each node containing twelve cores. Also, BLESS 2 showed at least 11% higher gain while retaining the memory efficiency of the previous version for large genomes. Freely available at https://sourceforge.net/projects/bless-ec dchen@illinois.edu Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  8. Françoise Battagliola, Histoire du travail des femmes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Rist

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Initialement paru en 2000, l’ouvrage de Françoise Battagliola vient de bénéficier d’une nouvelle édition : en une centaine de pages denses et bien documentées, l’auteure y brosse un parcours passionnant de l’histoire du travail des femmes en France depuis les débuts de l’industrialisation jus-qu’à la fin du XXe siècle.Le propos s’organise, en gros, selon un axe chronologique, lequel sert de fil conducteur à une problématique voulant éclairer l’histoire, non « des femmes ou du féminin mais des...

  9. Riz des femmes, riz des hommes au Guidimaka (Mauritanie)

    OpenAIRE

    Blanchard de La Brosse, Véronique

    2003-01-01

    À l'époque précoloniale et jusque dans la première moitié du XXe siècle, les femmes soninké ont participé activement au commerce interrégional. Aujourd'hui, n'ayant pas comme les hommes la possibilité du recours à l'émigration, elles sont les principales victimes du déclin et du repli sur soi de l'économie villageoise. Elles continuent cependant d'assumer, sur leur propre production, des obligations qui conditionnent leur statut dans la société. Ce sont les femmes, en particulier, qui ...

  10. Autonomisation des femmes | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 mars 2018 ... J'aurais préféré ne pas le savoir » : pourquoi les femmes au Swaziland évitent de subir des tests de dépistage du cancer. par Nomthandazo Malambo. Une mère avec son enfant. L'enregistrement des naissances représente le fondement de la progression de l'égalité entre les sexes et des droits des ...

  11. Une nouvelle ouverture sur le monde pour les femmes | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    'appellent ailleurs dans le dédale d'étals et d'allées serrés. En plus de son travail sur le marché, Jertrudes est également secrétaire de l'association des femmes qui vendent sur ce marché. Le groupe est un endroit où elles ...

  12. La recherche fait progresser les droits des femmes arabes | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    10 déc. 2010 ... A), à Beyrouth, un organisme qui est l'un des fers de lance de la campagne de reconnaissance des droits en matière de nationalité dans la région. ... La BWA dispose à l'heure actuelle de données sur 400 femmes (ayant en moyenne trois à quatre enfants chacune), mais je suis persuadée que deux ou ...

  13. Promouvoir l'entrepreneuriat inclusif des jeunes et des femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le projet vise à analyser la contribution réelle et potentielle de l'entrepreneuriat inclusif au bien-être des jeunes et des femmes en Côte d'Ivoire, au Burkina Faso et au Kenya. Après un état des lieux de la pratique de l'entrepreneuriat inclusif dans chacun des pays ciblés, l'équipe de recherche étudiera son incidence sur ...

  14. Supprimer les obstacles pour renforcer l'autonomie des femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 févr. 2011 ... Ratna Kapur fait observer qu'en plus du protocole novateur contre la traite des personnes rattaché à la Convention de l'ONU contre la criminalité ... Elle cite une déclaration dans laquelle le Fonds de développement des Nations Unies pour la femme (UNIFEM) affirme que c'est au Bangladesh que la ...

  15. Mouvements transfrontaliers, migration des femmes et droits de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Jusqu'à récemment, les femmes ont été exclues des analyses de la migration, ou ont été perçues comme des personnes passives et dépendantes des migrants masculins ou comme des non-migrantes attendant le retour de leur mari. Toutefois, les chercheurs et les défenseurs des droits commencent à examiner le rôle ...

  16. Deux nouvelles initiatives visent à soutenir les femmes qui ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 nov. 2017 ... Chilufya MWEWA PhD Student University of Cape Town Dept of Physics Cape Town South Africa. Dans les pays en développement, les femmes se heurtent encore à des obstacles qui limitent leur capacité à faire une carrière et à devenir des chefs de file dans le domaine des sciences, de la technologie, ...

  17. Fait saillant : Du savoir à l'action : Améliorer la vie des femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Fait saillant : Du savoir à l'action : Améliorer la vie des femmes. 18 avril 2016. Image. Débat dexperts pour améliorer la vie des femmes. TECKLES PHOTOGRAPHY. Les services de garde d'enfants pourraient-ils être le chaînon manquant à l'autonomisation des femmes en Inde, au Kenya et au Canada? Comment la ...

  18. La participation des femmes à la vie politique se traduit par des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La participation des femmes à la vie politique se traduit par des économies locales plus vigoureuses. 08 juin 2016. Image. Des femmes assistent à une réunion d'un groupe d'entraide près d'. Edgard Rodriguez - IDRC. Des femmes assistent à une réunion d'un groupe d'entraide près d'Hyderabad, en Inde. Keenara ...

  19. Accès des femmes à l'emploi | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... de mariage des femmes, l'accès à l'éducation et au perfectionnement des compétences, et le rôle des groupes collectifs de femmes, entre autres. En plus des exposés sur les projets ci-dessous, le texte qui suit résume les résultats des consultations de 2016 sur les femmes en affaires ainsi qu'une analyse documentaire.

  20. Cultural Heritage in the Gulf: Blight or Blessing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djamel Boussaa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the Gulf and after gaining independence in the 1960s and 1970s many cities witnessed a staggering rapid urban growth. The urban centers, which formed the central parts of these cities, underwent continuous pressures of destruction and redevelopment. A large number of these centers have been often demolished and replaced by alien imported high-rise buildings. The urban cores which escaped complete demolition have survived as isolated pockets in the middle of hybrid environments. This dilemma raises important questions; is this surviving cultural heritage blight or blessing? Is it "blight" and obstacle that stifles our cities from moving forward to aspire for a bright and prosperous future, or is it "blessing" an asset that can form a major catalyst to promote our cities while maintaining strong roots with their past? Accordingly, what should be the future of these surviving historic centers? Will they be demolished to pave way for more ambitious growth or can they be conserved and sustained for present and future generations? Will the historic city, the heart of urban life and the main protector of our cities identities, survive and continue to be places for living within the emerging global cities of today and tomorrow? This paper attempts to highlight the importance of dealing with the conservation and development issue, by raising and discussing the following question: How can our cultural heritage be a setting of appropriate conservation and development in the emerging global environments? In order to discuss this issue, three historic cities from the Gulf; Old Dubai in UAE, Old Jeddah in Saudi Arabia and Old Doha in Qatar will form the setting of this research.

  1. Mettre un terme à la violence faite aux femmes | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 nov. 2012 ... Asia Justice and Rights (AJAR) ... La violence contre les femmes ne se résume pas aux gestes posés. ... Dans une culture admettant la violence à l'endroit des femmes, ce fait est important; ... Indian Institute of Management

  2. La violence faite aux femmes durant les conflits au sujet des terres ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 nov. 2016 ... Pour en savoir plus. Accès des femmes autochtones et des paysannes à la justice en Colombie et au Guatemala · Les femmes prennent appui sur le souvenir de la guerre pour consolider la paix · Clamor for Justice: Sexual Violence, Armed Conflict, and Land Dispossession (PDF en anglais, 4,68 Mo) ...

  3. Incontinence urinaire de la femme en milieu urbain au Burkina Faso ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Incontinence urinaire de la femme en milieu urbain au Burkina Faso: Enquête épidemiologique auprès de 759 femmes à Bobo Dioulasso. ... showed that the following risk factors were significantly associated with urinary incontinence: dystocia, repeated urinary tract infections, chronic constipation, episiotomy and obesity.

  4. Envenimation mortelle par morsure de serpent chez une femme ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les auteurs rapportent un cas de morsure de serpent au niveau de la face chez une femme enceinte, dont l'évolution a été marquée par l'installation d'un oedème cervico-facial nécessitant une trachéotomie en urgence, et une mort foetale in utero avec troubles de l'hémostase responsable du décès maternel dans un ...

  5. Resource impact: curse or blessing? a literature survey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stevens, P.

    2003-01-01

    Common sense and economic theory suggest large revenues from natural resource projects should generate economic progress and development. Yet much evidence argues the opposite and that resource-rich countries suffer from 'resource curse'. This paper provides a survey of the academic literature on the impact of natural resources on an economy. The topic has long attracted interest in the economics literature but more recently, interest has revived. The paper first considers the large body of empirical work examining the relationship between resource abundance, poor economic performance and poverty. While this evidence supports the view of a negative impact, it is not without criticism and some assert a few countries managed instead to receive a 'blessing'. The paper assesses how the literature explains the transmission mechanisms between resource revenues and economic damage. Six areas are discussed: a long-term decline in terms of trade; revenue volatility; Dutch disease; crowding out effects; increasing the role of the state; and the sociocultural and political impacts. Finally, various options from the literature to avoid negative impacts are analysed: not developing the mineral deposits; diversifying the economy away from dependence on oil, gas and mineral exports; sterilising the incoming revenue; the use of stabilisation and oil funds; and reconsidering investment policies. The paper finishes by assessing what political reforms might be needed to carry out the necessary policies to avoid negative impacts. (author)

  6. Gnosis and mysticism as illustrated by Eugnostos the Blessed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jørgen Podemann Sørensen

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available The Letter of Eugnostos or Eugnostos the Blessed as the text is usually called, has come down to us in two copies, one in NagHammadi Codex III and another less well preserved in Codex V. The text has aroused considerable interest as a possible sample of so-called pre-christian gnosis. Writing under the programmatic name Eugnostos and the more common Makarios, the author addresses his pupils or adepts to teach them about god. He starts by refuting three propositions about the nature of the world which to him represent the basic shortcomings of contemporary philosophy, or perhaps of philosophy as such: (1 the world is governed by itself, (2 by a providence, or (3 is subject to predestination. His refutation is neither philosophical in the proper sense of that word, nor does it deal with the implications of these propositions in detail: That which is from itself leads an empty life, providence is foolish, and that which is subject to destiny or fate is something that does not attain knowledge. According to Eugnostos, real insight is not reached through philosophy; what matters is to be able to refute the propositions of philosophy and by means of another proposition to gain access to and reveal the god of truth. The attainment of this, he says, means to be immortal amidst the mortals.

  7. The coming-out process of young lesbian and bisexual women: are there butch/femme differences in sexual identity development?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosario, Margaret; Schrimshaw, Eric W; Hunter, Joyce; Levy-Warren, Anna

    2009-02-01

    Research on lesbian and bisexual women has documented various biological and behavioral differences between butch and femme women. However, little research has examined whether differences exist in sexual identity development (i.e., the coming-out process). The present study examined longitudinally potential butch/femme differences in sexual identity formation and integration among an ethnically diverse sample of 76 self-identified lesbian and bisexual young women (ages 14-21 years). A composite measure of butch/femme identity classified 43% as butch and 51% as femme. Initial comparisons found butch/femme differences in sexual identity (i.e., nearly all butches identified as lesbian, but about half of femmes identified as bisexual), suggesting the need to examine this confound. Comparisons of lesbian butches, lesbian femmes, and bisexual femmes found that lesbian butches and femmes generally did not differ on sexual identity formation, but they differed from bisexual femmes. Lesbian butches and femmes had sexual behaviors and a cognitive sexual orientation that were more centered on women than those of bisexual femmes. With respect to sexual identity integration, lesbian butches were involved in more gay social activities, were more comfortable with others knowing about their homosexuality, and were more certain, comfortable, and accepting of their sexual identity than were bisexual femmes. Fewer differences were found between lesbian femmes and bisexual femmes or between lesbian butches and lesbian femmes. The findings suggest that sexual identity formation does not differ between butch or femme women, but differences are linked to sexual identity as lesbian or bisexual. Further, the findings that lesbian femmes sometimes differed from lesbian butches and at other times from bisexual femmes on sexual identity integration suggest that neither sexual identity nor butch/femme alone may explain sexual identity integration. Research examining the intersection between

  8. Butch-Femme Identity and Visuospatial Performance Among Lesbian and Bisexual Women in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Lijun; Wen, Guangju; Zheng, Yong

    2018-05-01

    Lesbian and bisexual women who self-identify as "butch" show a masculine profile with regard to gender roles, gender nonconformity, and systemizing cognitive style, whereas lesbian and bisexual women who self-identify as "femme" show a corresponding feminine profile and those who self-identify as "androgynes" show an intermediate profile. This study examined the association between butch or femme lesbian or bisexual identity and visuospatial ability among 323 lesbian and bisexual women, compared to heterosexual women (n = 207) and men (n = 125), from multiple cities in China. Visuospatial ability was assessed using a Shepard and Metzler-type mental rotation task and Judgment of Line Angle and Position (JLAP) test on the Internet. Heterosexual men outperformed heterosexual women on both mental rotation and JLAP tasks. Lesbian and bisexual women outperformed heterosexual women on mental rotation, but not on JLAP. There were significant differences in mental rotation performance among women, with butch- and androgyne-identified lesbian/bisexual women outperforming femme-identified and heterosexual women. There were also significant differences in JLAP performance among women, with butch- and androgyne-identified lesbian/bisexual women and heterosexual women outperforming femme-identified lesbian/bisexual women. The butch-femme differences in visuospatial ability indicated an association between cognitive ability and butch-femme identity and suggest that neurobiological underpinnings may contribute to butch-femme identity although alternative explanations exist.

  9. Accès des femmes autochtones et des paysannes à la justice en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... on ne dispose que de peu de documents sur la manière dont ces femmes vivent l'injustice ... Colombia, South America, Guatemala, North and Central America ... International Water Resources Association, in close collaboration with IDRC, ...

  10. Négociation de la participation citoyenne des femmes issues de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Négociation de la participation citoyenne des femmes issues de minorités - projet de ... IDRC-supported researchers share experiences at NGO Committee on the Status of ... New funding opportunity for gender equality and climate change.

  11. Des femmes dans la cité : les sages-femmes péruviennes du XIXe siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Quiroz-Pérez, Lissell

    2014-01-01

    L’article s’intéresse à l’intégration dans l’espace public des sages-femmes diplômées péruviennes du XIXe siècle. Cette nouvelle profession naît au lendemain de l’indépendance dans un contexte de lutte contre la dépopulation et de contrôle du corps des femmes, perçues comme futures mères. Alors que les autorités publiques s’en prennent ouvertement aux matrones traditionnelles considérées comme responsables du dépeuplement, l’arrivée d’une sage-femme française, Madame Fessel, permet d’ériger d...

  12. Un_focus : LES FEMMES ET LA TERRE Des droits fonciers pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    31 oct. 2011 ... ... la pauvreté dans les pays en développement. En de nombreux endroits, les droits des femmes à la terre sont toutefois bafoués, ce qui perpétue la pauvreté et accentue l'inégalité des sexes. Chapitre 1 : L'enjeu et le contexte de développment · Les femmes et la terre : Une playlist YouTube · Ressources ...

  13. un_focus - Les femmes et la terre : Des droits fonciers pour une ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 janv. 2011 ... Étonnamment, il existe peu d'informations détaillées sur le rapport des femmes à la terre, et encore moins de données provenant des femmes elles-mêmes. Le présent livre, qui s'inspire des travaux de recherche financés par le CRDI au fil des ans, vise à combler ce vide. Multimédia : Une playlist YouTube.

  14. Les femmes prennent part à la lutte contre les maladies des bovins ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 juin 2016 ... L'équipe de chercheurs a recours à des technologies novatrices faisant appel à la biologie moléculaire pour créer un vaccin stable, sûr et efficace que pourront utiliser les petits éleveurs de bovins, hommes comme femmes. En outre, des femmes de science du Kenya, qui font partie de l'équipe, sont ...

  15. Datation de l'infection a Toxoplasma gondii chez 128 femmes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'utilisation de ce test dans les laboratoires de biologie médicale au Togo pourrait contribuer à améliorer la prise charge adéquate des femmes enceintes au Togo. Mots clés: Toxoplasmose, sérologie, test d'avidité, femmes enceintes, Togo. English Title: Datation of Toxoplasma gondii infection among pregnant women in a ...

  16. Le monde a besoin de plus de femmes scientifiques | CRDI - Centre ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    24 oct. 2017 ... Les femmes sont très sous-représentées en sciences, ne constituant que 28 p. 100 de tous les chercheurs à l'échelle mondiale; la disparité est encore plus grande dans les domaines des sciences naturelles et du génie. Bien que le nombre de femmes qui poursuivent des études doctorales et ...

  17. Violences sexuelles et accès à la justice pour les femmes rurales en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Qui plus est, les recherches existantes, les actions des organisations de défense des droits des femmes pour combattre ces crimes, n'intègrent pas adéquatement celles qui sont les plus marginalisées, à savoir les femmes rurales qui constituent près de 40% de la population totale et plus de 50% de la population rurale de ...

  18. Les femmes prennent appui sur le souvenir de la guerre pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Selon Judith Erazo, la peur hante les survivantes, et la stigmatisation culturelle généralisée de la violence sexuelle les empêche de raconter ce qu'elles ont vécu. La violence faite aux femmes empoisonne également la vie civile. En effet, les meurtres de femmes ont augmenté de manière considérable après les accords de ...

  19. Culture et exercice du pouvoir par les femmes dans les sphères de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Culture et exercice du pouvoir par les femmes dans les sphères de décisions en Afrique de l'Ouest. Cette recherche s'inscrit dans le contexte d'une superposition de deux faits : l'existence d'un arsenal juridique et de dispositions nationales et internationales favorables à une intégration des femmes dans les instances de ...

  20. Participation des femmes dalits à la vie politique en Inde - utilisent ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'initiative Gouvernance démocratique, droits des femmes et égalité entre les sexes du CRDI appuie un ensemble de recherches comparatives visant à déterminer si les institutions de démocratie et de gouvernance tiennent compte des droits des femmes et de l'égalité entre les sexes et, le cas échéant, de quelles façons.

  1. BLESSED with Opportunistic Beacons: A Lightweight Data Dissemination Model for Smart Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Türkes, Okan; Scholten, Johan; Havinga, Paul J.M.

    2015-01-01

    This paper introduces BLESSED, a universal opportunistic ad hoc networking model intended for smart mobile devices. It enables fast and lightweight data dissemination in wireless community networks through the complementary utilization of the IEEE 802.11 and Bluetooth Low Energy standards. As a

  2. Mother's Milk, An Ambiguous Blessing in the Era of AIDS: The Case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mother's Milk, An Ambiguous Blessing in the Era of AIDS: The Case of the Chagga in Kilimanjaro. Karen Marie Moland. Abstract. No Abstract Available African Sociological Review 8, (1), 2004, pp. 83-99. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT.

  3. Integrating Psychology and Philosophy: A Brief Analysis of "The Blessing of a Skinned Knee"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yali

    2016-01-01

    A brief analysis of "The Blessing of a Skinned Knee" gives a glimpse of beliefs and practices cherished by the family that attempts to employ Jewish teachings to raise children. The child nurturing and rearing practices are in a degree enlightening and supplementing the existing literature in education. Prevention with the inspiration…

  4. Accès à la justice des femmes ayant survécu à des actes de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Accès à la justice des femmes ayant survécu à des actes de violence : des commissariats de police réservés aux femmes en Amérique latine. La violence faite aux femmes constitue toujours un obstacle important à un développement humain équitable en Amérique latine. Les quatre pays faisant l'objet de l'étude, soit le ...

  5. Étude sur l'escalade de la violence faite aux femmes en Amérique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Étude sur l'escalade de la violence faite aux femmes en Amérique centrale. 21 juin 2016. Ana Carcedo. En Amérique centrale, on assiste à une escalade de la violence faite aux femmes et du nombre de meurtres de femmes (ou femicides). Or, il y a des lacunes sur le plan du signalement. Primo, malgré les efforts déployés ...

  6. Mobilisations collectives et femmes immigrées en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Thiéblemont-Dollet

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Si nombreuses que soient les études ayant trait à l’immigration en France (et plus particulièrement masculine, aborder l’immigration sous l’angle des femmes immigrées et des processus communicationnels qu'elles ont développés en terre d’accueil est un apport essentiel aux sciences humaines. C’est pourquoi, cet article traite du thème de la mobilisation collective entre 2000 et 2008, par le biais des actions et des processus communicationnels mis en œuvre par des femmes immigrées ou issues de l’immigration, originaires du Maghreb et de l’Afrique de l’Ouest, plus particulièrement à partir de l’exemple du mouvement Ni Putes Ni Soumises. Analyser les réseaux d’interdépendance et de « contagion » entre ces actrices aux origines sociales identiques, faisant que ces femmes expriment un sentiment d’exclusion et associent leur statut social (chômage, profession sous-qualifiée, ethnique (origine maghrébine ou africaine et spatial (cité, banlieue, quartier dit difficile, à un même stigmate les reléguant à un univers discriminatoire, dégager les spécificités de leurs paroles selon les espaces et les temporalités où elles ont été délivrées, saisir leurs manières de s’organiser et leurs possibilités de mobilisation, sont les grands axes de cette réflexion. Suggérer enfin que ces femmes constituent un corps social émergent et mutant est une autre manière de lire ce texte. Émergent, parce qu’il est relativement récent du point de vue de sa visibilité dans la sphère publique et mutant, parce qu’il intègre des femmes qui participent d’un changement en train de se faire dans la société française et qui donnent une nouvelle image d’elles : non pas celle de féministes au sens classique du terme et de ce qui peut s’y rattacher, mais celle qui s’inscrit dans la perspective de comportement de genre à entendre comme mixité et modalités d’interaction entre femmes et hommes. Enfin

  7. FEMME- post-Fire Emergency ManageMEnt tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, Diana; Serpa, Dalila; Rocha, João; Nunes, João; Keizer, Jacob

    2017-04-01

    Wildfires can have important impacts on hydrological and soil erosion processes in forest catchments, due to the destruction of vegetation cover and changes to soil properties. The involved processes however, are non-linear and not fully understood. This has severely limited the understanding on the impacts of wildfires, and, as a consequence, current runoff-erosion models are poorly adapted to recently burned forest conditions. Furthermore, while post-fire forestry operations and, to a lesser extent, post-fire soil conservation measures are commonly applied, their hydrological and erosion impacts continue poorly known, hampering decision-making by land owners and managers. Past post-wildfire research in Portugal has involved simple adaptations of plot-scale runoff-erosion models to post-fire conditions. This follow-up study focusses on model adaptation to selected post-fire soil conservation measures. To this end, full stock is taken of various datasets collected by several (past and ongoing research projects. The selected model is the Morgan-Morgan-Finney model (MMF, Morgan,2001), which already proved its suitability for post-fire conditions in Portugal (Vieira et al, 2010, 2014) as well as NW-Spain ( Fernández et al., 2010). The present results concerned runoff and erosion different burn severities and various post-fire mitigation treatments (mulch, hydromulch, needle cast, barriers), focussing on the plot and field scale. The results for both the first and the second year following the wildfire revealed good model efficiency, not only for burned and untreated conditions but also for burned and treated conditions. These results thus reinforced earlier findings that MMF is a suitable model for the envisaged post-fire soil erosion assessment tool, coined "FEMME". The data used for post-fire soil erosion calibration with the MMF already allows the delineation of the post-fire management FEMME tool. Nevertheless, further model assessment will address additional

  8. Intoxications aigues aux organophosphores chez la femme enceinte

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barhoumi, Mohamed Hafed; Bannour, Badra; Barhoumi, Tarek; Jouini, Rami; Marwene, Nadia; Fatnassi, Mohamed Ridha

    2016-01-01

    Les intoxications aiguës par les pesticides organophosphorés (OP) au cours de la grossesse sont des événements rares, peu décrites dans la littérature. A travers cette étude rétrospective, nous rapportons les résultats de sept cas d’ingestion suicidaire d’OP chez des femmes enceintes. Cette intoxication était le plus souvent grave. En effet, cinq des sept parturientes avaient un Glasgow initial des cas elle était défavorable pour le fœtus (mort fœtal in utéro). Deux mécanismes peuvent expliquer ces complications fœtales. Le premier est l’hypoxie fœtale associée ou non à un état de choc qui peuvent se traduire au niveau du RCF par une tachycardie ou des décélérations et aboutir ainsi à un décès in utero. Le deuxième mécanisme est le passage de ces pesticides à travers la barrière placentaire, ce qui pose un risque potentiel pour le fœtus par altération des systèmes enzymatiques des microsomes. PMID:28293343

  9. La traite des femmes d’Europe de l’Est en Italie

    OpenAIRE

    Andrijasevic, Rutvica

    2008-01-01

    Les études féministes sur le trafic des femmes pour l’industrie du sexe ont, pour la plupart, concerné les conditions de vie et de travail des femmes « trafiquées » lorsqu’elles arrivent dans le pays de destination. Jusqu’à aujourd’hui, le débat féministe sur le trafic s’apparente aux anciens débats sur la prostitution, mettant l’accent sur des thèmes comme la violence contre les femmes et le travail sexuel. L’article propose de détourner l’attention toujours trop centrée sur les conditions d...

  10. Les chercheurs ont constaté que le conflit touchait les femmes de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    khaggart

    Les chercheurs ont constaté que le conflit touchait les femmes de deux façons. Sur le plan juridique, elles ont des droits égaux à la terre, mais la société ne leur reconnaît guère ces droits. Les femmes déplacées qui ont perdu leur terre et leur mari (parce que celui-ci a été tué) souffrent d'une double injustice, car, en tant ...

  11. Femmes et mères dans les prisons de Franco

    OpenAIRE

    Rubio, César Lorenzo

    2014-01-01

    La dictature de Franco a massivement utilisé l’emprisonnement pour lutter contre ses dissidents et opposants. Si, tout au long de quatre décennies, la plupart des prisonniers étaient des hommes, les femmes ont elles aussi été victimes de cette politique d’enfermement. Les femmes incarcérées ont dû subir la misère, les privations et l’endoctrinement religieux et idéologique. Pour celles ayant des enfants, leur éloignement forcé constituait un moyen de chantage pour imposer la conversion aux va...

  12. Qui a peur du harcèlement sexuel ? des femmes témoignent

    CERN Document Server

    Ducret, Véronique

    2010-01-01

    Le harcèlement sexuel au travail est un comportement banalisé tant par les auteurs que par les collègues et les responsables hiérarchiques. Cette attitude contribue à maintenir les victimes dans le silence et c'est pour briser ce cercle que Véronique Ducret a choisi de récolter et publier les témoignages de dix femmes. Les parcours de ces femmes, semés d'embûches, montrent qu'elles ont essayé de se faire entendre ; pour certaines, au risque de perdre leur place de travail. Si le harcèlement sexuel est douloureux, plus insupportable encore est l'incompréhension à laquelle elles ont dû faire face. Ces femmes témoignent ici des stratégies qu'elles ont utilisées pour faire reconnaître ce qu'elles ont subi. Cet ouvrage s'adresse à toutes les femmes qui travaillent et qui ont été ou risquent d'être confrontées un jour au harcèlement sexuel. Ces récits permettront à certaines de se reconnaître dans ces situations et peut-être de dévoiler à leur tour, et sans honte, les violences sexuel...

  13. Chiffrer le travail des femmes - économie sexiste sur le marché et au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    effectuer beaucoup plus de tâches ménagères que les hommes. Les décisions familiales et professionnelles s'entremêlent : les femmes acceptent des emplois qui leur permettent de conjuguer leurs engagements familiaux avec un travail ...

  14. Rôle des femmes dans la vie politique, la contestation politique et la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'initiative Gouvernance démocratique, droits des femmes et égalité entre les .... un accord de coopération scientifique et technologique en appui aux projets de ... de l'Institut d'étude du développement international de l'Université McGill.

  15. Accroissement de l'autonomisation économique des femmes par l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La participation accrue des femmes au marché du travail en Amérique latine a ... Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, West Indies, North and Central America, ... IDRC panel tackles early marriage at UN Status of Women forum.

  16. Les femmes jouent un rôle accru dans la gestion commerciale des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    21 juin 2016 ... Un projet de recherche financé par le CRDI montre que les femmes jouent un rôle accru ... Aporte de las mujeres a la gestión ambiental de los residuos sólidos en América ... Building equitable health systems in Latin America.

  17. L'incidence de la représentation politique des femmes sur la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    économie et débouchés économiques des femmes (CEDEF). Ce programme quinquennal est un partenariat réunissant le Department for International Development du Royaume-Uni, la William and Flora Hewlett Foundation et le CRDI. Axé sur les ...

  18. Les femmes et la transition au marché du travail en Afrique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cette recherche jouit de l'appui du programme Croissance de l'économie et débouchés économiques des femmes (programme CEDEF). Ce programme est un partenariat quinquennal concerté réunissant le Department for International Development du Royaume-Uni, la William and Flora Hewlett Foundation et le CRDI.

  19. Les femmes, la mobilité et l'espace public à Guwahati | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Inde, le modèle de développement étendu de Guwahati et les options de transport limitées limitent sérieusement la mobilité des femmes. ... Safe streets play a crucial role in enabling livelihoods, mobility, and access to services.

  20. Femmes et système judiciaire au Cambodge | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Au Cambodge, les femmes sont partout victimes de discrimination, y compris au chapitre de l'accès à l'éducation, à l'emploi ou à la vie politique. ... a new funding opportunity aimed at fostering effective, long-term climate action to reduce social inequality, promote greater gender parity, and empower women and girls.

  1. La campagne pour un quota de femmes en politique en Sierra ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 nov. 2011 ... Aisha Ibrahim est directrice du Gender Research and Documentation ... Comme elles travaillaient toutes à faire avancer des causes différentes, ... et qu'il n'existe pas de discrimination à l'endroit des femmes en Sierra Leone.

  2. La subjugation des femmes musulmanes et la sororité dans Loin de Médine par Assia Djebar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel van Deventer

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article porte sur les premières femmes musulmanes telles qu’elles sont représentées dans l’oeuvre d’Assia Djebar, Loin de Médine, récit situé au tout début de l’histoire de l’Islam. A travers les parcours narratifs de plusieurs femmes marquantes de l’histoire de l’Islam, l’auteur identifie la sororité comme arme unique contre toute oppression. Une lecture critique invite non seulement les lectrices mais aussi les lecteurs contemporains à examiner le statut actuel des femmes musulmanes.

  3. "Gee, I didn't get that vibe from you": articulating my own version of a femme lesbian existence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanNewkirk, Robbin

    2006-01-01

    This article aims to demystify the notion of a gay vibe from a femme queer woman's perspective. It contextualizes the author's experience of being read by the queer community as straight and of doing femme as a means for placing oneself on the gaydar screen while questioning the role of signifiers in creating a myth that sexuality is always concrete and permanent. This article goes further to argue that femme sexuality, because of its occasional invisible state, has the potential to move between ideological positions in order to destabilize them. This form of differential consciousness has subversive potential because it renders gaydar technology unsubstantial and broken.

  4. Débats d'experts sur la réaction des femmes à la crise économique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 nov. 2010 ... Les expertes invitées Devaki Jain et Diane Elson ont traité des répercussions de l'actuelle crise économique mondiale sur les femmes des pays en développement, et présenté le programme économique en sept points de Casablanca Dream destiné à aider les femmes à se sortir de la pauvreté.

  5. Ne réduisez pas les programmes destinés aux femmes. Intégrez-les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 juil. 2017 ... Au cours des derniers mois, nous avons entendu dire que l'administration Trump a prévu de réduire le financement de plusieurs programmes s'adressant aux femmes, comme le Bureau des affaires mondiales relatives aux femmes du département d'État. Ce n'est pas le seul programme. Une évaluation ...

  6. Traumatisme vertebro-medullaire compliquant une spondylarthrite ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Journal of Neurological Sciences. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 29, No 1 (2010) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  7. Characterization of a chlorophyll b-less mutant of Lemna gibba G3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slovin, J.P.

    1987-01-01

    Nitrosomethylurea mutagenesis of whole plants of duckweed, Lemna gibba G3, produced many plants with various types of obvious pigment abnormalities. One such plant is yellow-green and has a chlorophyll a/b ratio of 8. Spectra from plants grown in white light show a prominent absorption peak at 472 nm, that is not present in spectra from wild type plants. This peak is present, however, when wild type plants are grown under red light conditions. B-less plants accumulate some chlorophyll b under some light conditions and depending on the age of the plants. SDS-PAGE of proteins in thylakoid membranes and in a soluble fraction show that the only obvious band missing corresponds to the LHCP. Preliminary data from 35 S methionine in vivo labeling indicate that there is some LHCP being synthesized in these plant, however the identity of the labeled bands is only now being established using antibodies, and the amount of labeled material does not appear to be the same as in the wild type. The author is currently doing the genetics on this variant and are interested in determining whether the b-less phenotype results from a mutation involving synthesis of the LHCP

  8. Connaissance des pharmaciens d'officine à propos du droit de prescription des sages-femmes

    OpenAIRE

    Gache, Brune

    2012-01-01

    Introduction : La profession de sage-femme est une profession médicale à compétences définies. L'une d'entre elles nous intéresse particulièrement : le droit de prescription. Nous avons voulu évaluer les connaissances des pharmaciens d'officine, principaux intéressés de la mise en application de cette compétence. Matériel et méthode : L'objectif de ce travail de recherche était d'évaluer les connaissances des pharmaciens d'officine à propos du droit de prescription des sages-femmes ainsi que ...

  9. Sage-femme ou gynécologue ? M.-A. Boivin (1773-1841)

    OpenAIRE

    Carol, Anne

    2011-01-01

    Marie-Anne Boivin a été en son temps une des sages-femmes françaises les plus célèbres. Son parcours professionnel et scientifique est présenté ici, illustrant l’espace laissé aux femmes dans les professions médicales. Reconnue d’abord pour ses ouvrages techniques concernant l’obstétrique, elle sort de son champ traditionnel de compétence pour aborder de façon novatrice la gynécologie naissante, à l’instar des médecins, avec son Traité pratique des maladies de l’utérus (1833), devenu un class...

  10. L'Islam et la femme dans l'espace public au Niger

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    seriane.camara

    16 sept. 2010 ... qui était jusqu'alors réservé aux hommes. Timide au départ, cet investissement de la femme nigérienne dans l'espace public deviendra total à partir de la marche du 13 mai 1991 organisée pour revendiquer une représentation plus importante à la Conférence Nationale Souveraine devant se tenir en juillet ...

  11. Distribution épidémiologique de l'infection à VIH chez les femmes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: le Cameroun se situe dans un contexte d'épidémie généralisée du VIH. La sous-population des femmes enceintes, facilement accessible au sein de la population générale, représente une cible robante pour mener la surveillance du VIH et estimer l'évolution épidémiologique. L'objectif de notre étude était ...

  12. L'innovation est-elle sexiste ? Journée internationale de la femme ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    24 avr. 2017 ... Tabitha Gathoni Mundia attribue ces statistiques au manque de modèles féminin dans le domaine des sciences et à la perception négative des femmes dans les domaines des STIM. Le président du CRDI, Jean Lebel, a accueilli environ 90 personnes à la rencontre D'un point de vue culturel, elle affirme ...

  13. Le CRDI « analyse l'autonomisation des femmes » lors d'une ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 mars 2018 ... ... discuter des défis associés à l'amélioration de l'autonomie des femmes, de leurs moyens d'expression et du bien-être des membres de leur foyer au travail, dans la société civile et dans les politiques nationales. Des universitaires, des praticiens du développement et des décideurs politiques discuteront ...

  14. Les femmes jouent un rôle accru dans la gestion commerciale des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    21 juin 2016 ... Un projet de recherche financé par le CRDI montre que les femmes jouent un rôle accru dans la gestion des déchets solides en Amérique latine. Trabajadoras por la ciudad. Aporte de las mujeres a la gestión ambiental de los residuos sólidos en América Latina (Employées municipales. L'apport des ...

  15. Grâce au Community Work Programme, les femmes plus âgées ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    15 août 2016 ... Cet exposé de politique met l'accent sur la participation des femmes au travail communautaire et aux réseaux sociaux locaux, et démontre la façon dont elles contribuent à renforcer la cohésion sociale et à lutter contre la criminalité et la violence par le truchement du CWP. Il décrit comment la participation ...

  16. Participation des jeunes femmes à la vie politique au Malawi | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Conscients de la corrélation entre la pauvreté, la vulnérabilité sociale et les inégalités entre les sexes, les chercheurs se demanderont dans quelle mesure la situation sociale, économique, culturelle et politique des femmes qui vivent en milieu rural au Malawi influe sur la participation, à la vie politique locale, des jeunes ...

  17. Lymphome B à grandes cellules primitif du médiastin chez la femme ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les patientes ont été adressées à l'institut national d'oncologie pour prise en charge thérapeutique. Le pronostic du LBPM est réservé, il survient volontiers chez des femmes jeunes, ce qui rend d'autant plus nécessaire une thérapeutique agressive afin d'améliorer le taux de survie. The Pan African Medical Journal 2016; ...

  18. Utilisation du partographe modifie de l'oms par les sages-femmes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ) de l'OMS par les sages-femmes de Lomé et leur position face à cet outil de surveillance du travail. Matériel et méthode : Il s'agit d'une étude prospective, transversale descriptive, menée du 01er juillet au 30 septembre 2011 (soit une période ...

  19. Mettre fin à la violence faite aux femmes | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    25 nov. 2014 ... Légiférer ne suffira pas à changer ces perceptions; c'est une tâche à laquelle doit ... la situation dans son ensemble, y compris les attitudes à l'égard des femmes, ... A women raises her hand in a crowd of people in India ... Two Bolivian women with their young children, one woman talks on a cellphone ...

  20. Prévalence du VIH chez la Femme Enceinte et Transmission Mère ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mère-Enfant du VIH à la Maternité de l'Hôpital Général de. Douala, Cameroun. K. J. Tsingaing,1 O. T. Egbe,1 G. ... Mots Clés prévalence du VIH ; femme enceinte ; transmis- sion mère-enfant du VIH. 1 Introduction .... HIV test to rescreen women in the third trimester of pregnancy,. J Midwifery Womens Health, 54 (2009), ...

  1. Les femmes prennent part à la lutte contre les maladies des bovins ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 juin 2016 ... Des chercheurs du Kenya et du Canada sont à mettre au point un nouveau vaccin contre une maladie pulmonaire des bovins et font participer activement des éleveuses de bovins Somalis au processus. Les femmes Somalis jouent un rôle crucial dans l'élevage des bovins, mais ce sont en général les ...

  2. La base de données sur les femmes entrepreneures soutenue par ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    6 août 2017 ... Les femmes entrepreneures sont confrontées à des obstacles à chaque étape de l'établissement de leurs opérations, que ce soit lors de l'obtention des matières premières, de la gestion de la logistique, de la recherche d'acheteurs et, éventuellement, de la vente de leurs produits. Ce sont surtout ces deux ...

  3. Améliorer les conditions de vie des jeunes et des femmes en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Améliorer les conditions de vie des jeunes et des femmes en développant la petite entreprise : mesure de l'impact. Durant les années 2000, la croissance économique et l'augmentation des investissements sociaux ont réduit la pauvreté et offert aux populations de l'Amérique latine de multiples débouchés sur le marché du ...

  4. Droits des femmes et accès à la terre au Sénégal : une citoyenneté ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Incidence de l'accès des femmes au foncier dans le développement local : le cas des femmes du GIE Seydy Ababacar Sy de Ross Bethio dans la vallée du fleuve Sénégal. Download PDF. Papers. Plaquette de présentation du projet Droits des femmes et accès au foncier : une citoyenneté à conquérir. Download PDF.

  5. Femmes, musulmanes, libanaises du Sud : revendiquer une place par l’islam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kinda Chaib

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Des travaux ont été menés sur des militantes de la banlieue de Beyrouth mais rien n’a été fait sur les femmes du Liban Sud, région rurale en contact direct avec l’occupation israélienne. Les femmes rencontrées se présentent à la fois comme femmes, musulmanes et du Liban Sud, ces trois niveaux d’appartenance étant aussi importants dans leurs discours. Elles emploient le « parler musulman » au quotidien pour se faire une place qui n’est pas celle de leurs mères, convoquant des personnages de l’histoire chiite comme les leaders contemporains. Elles élaborent ainsi une image de ce qu’elles appellent leur jihâd, complémentaire de celui des hommes. Elles revendiquent une certaine indépendance tout en adhérant à certains schémas traditionnels concernant le partage des rôles au sein du foyer.

  6. Gaetano Speranza, Objets blessés : la réparation en Afrique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Verbeeck-Boutin

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Le 16 septembre dernier l’exposition « Objets blessés, la réparation en Afrique » fermait ses portes au Musée du Quai Branly. Saluée unanimement par la critique, elle laisse à ceux qui l’ont visitée -ou au contraire ont manqué cette chance-, le gage d’un ouvrage intelligent et abondamment illustré.Dans une préface intitulée Vie et survie des Objets, le commissaire de l’exposition, Gaetano Speranza, s’interroge sur un paradoxe: en dépit de l’omniprésence de la réparation dans le monde africain...

  7. La mobilité des enfants et l'autosuffisance économique des femmes dans le milieu patriarcal africain

    OpenAIRE

    Frank, Odile

    1985-01-01

    Les formes de domination de la femme en Afrique au Sud du Sahara relèvent très essentiellement des régimes familiaux et sociaux. Dans cette articulation subtile des rôles économiques et familiaux de la femme africaine, l'auteur montre que la mobilité des enfants est à la base d'un mécanisme important de rééquilibrage. Le présent article cherche à cerner les structures familiales, les facteurs économiques, et les exigences de l'éducation des enfants auxquelles les femmes répondent à travers le...

  8. Arte y sensacionalismo: la fotografía en Femme Fatale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nekane Parejo Jiménez

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available La película Femme Fatale de Brian de Palma pone de manifiesto cuáles son las funciones de las instantáneas de un expaparazzi reconvertido a artista y del extenso puzzle fotográfico que está confeccionando. Se abordan aquí, la figura del fotógrafo, los actos fotográficos que determina la trama y sus referencias en papel, para finalmente, exponer las diversas fórmulas de que dispone la imagen fija para narrar dentro de este film.

  9. Femmes et jeunes du second 20e siècle français

    OpenAIRE

    Sineau, Mariette

    2009-01-01

    Ce livre de la collection « La Fabrique de l’Histoire » vient pérenniser les récits de vie des vingtdeux femmes politiques qui ont été diffusés sur France Culture à l’été 2007. Séverine Liatard, historienne de formation et collaboratrice de l’émission, réussit le tour de force de faire revivre ces documents sonores, en resituant les itinéraires de ces actrices de l’histoire dans le contexte propre à leur époque. L’échantillon est construit comme un objet de recherch...

  10. Forger les chefs de file pour appuyer l'émancipation des femmes en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    21 juin 2016 ... Susana détient un doctorat en économie de l'éducation de l'Université de Columbia à New-York. Son expertise touche l'éducation et les politiques liés au marché du travail, l'égalité des genres et l'émancipation des femmes. Elle possède une grande expérience de travail et de consultation auprès de ...

  11. Favoriser l'autonomisation des femmes par l'entremise d'Internet ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Favoriser l'autonomisation des femmes par l'entremise d'Internet. L'organisme Coding Rights mise sur des approches féministes créatives pour soutenir les droits numériques. 23 octobre 2017. Que changeriez-vous si vous vous sentiez menacée en ligne ? Une récente étude menée aux États-Unis a révélé que plus de 70 ...

  12. Accroître l'inclusion financière pour les femmes et les jeunes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Accroître l'inclusion financière pour les femmes et les jeunes vulnérables : Proyecto Capital. L'accès à des services financiers officiels peut aider les personnes les plus pauvres du monde à échapper à la pauvreté et à réduire leur vulnérabilité. Ce projet aidera à accroître la sécurité économique de femmes et de jeunes ...

  13. Travail, Mémoires et Femmes dans la ceinture industrielle de Lisbonne (Portugal.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inês Fonseca

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Au sein de la population féminine de Baixa da Banheira (bourg ouvrier à la périphérie de Lisbonne une énigme persiste : Quelles sont les usines qui ont fait appel au travail de ces femmes ? Et quels noms figuraient sur les étiquettes qu’elles cousaient ?Pendant près de deux décennies, ces femmes ont été rémunérées en échange de la fabrication d’articles sur des machines à tricoter. Durant les périodes de crise et pour de nombreux foyers, ce travail constituait une importante source de revenu. Pourtant, dans les histoires de vie de ces femmes, l’activité qu’elles ont développée et son importance sont confinées à l’oubli.Nous rendons compte ici d’une enquête ethnographique portant sur la population de Baixa da Banheira et ses différents parcours professionnels. Les récits recueillis sur le travail des tricoteuses ont attiré notre attention sur la question de la mémoire collective des femmes et sur les questions méthodologiques liées à l’étude des processus de remémoration.Dans cette analyse, nous considérons que ces processus révèlent non seulement un temps passé, mais qu’ils rendent aussi compte des opérations de la mémoire (oubli ou survalorisation des événements, de ses significations et de son importance. Il nous intéresse ici de nous interroger sur l’origine du silence qui entoure le travail des tricoteuses et nous avançons l’hypothèse que celui-ci est lié à l’invisibilité sociale des activités féminines dans leur ensemble et à la position subalterne que cette activité a occupée dans l’insertion de ces femmes dans le processus industriel capitaliste de la région.Among the women from Baixa da Banheira (a parish in the industrial belt of Lisbon one mystery persists: which plants use to employ the feminine work force?The whole industrial belt underwent a swift process of industrialization however the stability that this offered to this working class population was

  14. Flora Tristan: De la nécessité de faire bon accueil aux femmes étrangères

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Reid

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans son traité De la nécessité de faire bon accueil aux femmes étrangères (1835, Flora Tristan (1803-1844, l’écrivaine française qui adopte l’état psychologique d’une étrangère dans son propre pays, traite de la situation des femmes “étrangères” qui voyagent seules en France et/ou commencent une nouvelle vie dans le pays, en particulier à Paris. Politiquement engagée auprès des plus défavorisés à partir du socialisme, Tristan propose la création d’une association pour ces femmes. En assimilant les deux groupes d'"étrangères” (nationales et non nationales, car elle pense que le même type d’accueil doit être fourni à toutes, Tristan préconise l’aide à la voisine nécessiteuse, voisine qui est à la fois un sujet national ou un sujet en transit, une femme sans-papiers ou une réfugiée.

  15. Croissance de l'économie et débouchés économiques des femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    24 juil. 2013 ... De concert avec le Department for International Development du Royaume-Uni et The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, le CRDI lance un appel à propositions dans le cadre du programme Croissance de l'économie et débouchés économiques des femmes (CEDEF) – Production de données ...

  16. Des filles en or : le rôle méconnu des femmes dans les mines ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    17 oct. 2017 ... C'est là que Mme Nakacho a commencé, il y a trois ans. ... et peu de recherches ont été faites sur les rôles des femmes dans ce secteur. ... pour adapter les lois et les politiques gouvernementales de sorte qu'elles appuient le ...

  17. Au-delà de l'accès : Donner la première place aux femmes en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 sept. 2017 ... Son mari affirmait qu'en sa qualité de chef du ménage, il avait le ... En Tanzanie seulement, améliorer l'accès à l'eau pourrait libérer ... Empowerment in Agriculture Index (indice d'autonomisation des femmes en agriculture).

  18. Croissance de l'économie et débouchés économiques des femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le programme de recherche Croissance de l'économie et débouchés économiques des femmes (CEDEF) est une initiative de collaboration entre le CRDI, le Department for International Development du Royaume-Uni et la Fondation William et Flora Hewlett. Il représente un investissement conjoint de 16,4 millions CAD ...

  19. Identification et prise en charge des femmes ayant des antécédents familiaux de cancer du sein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heisey, Ruth; Carroll, June C.

    2016-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Résumer les meilleures données portant sur les stratégies d’identification et de prise en charge des femmes qui présentent des antécédents familiaux de cancer du sein. Sources d’information Une recherche a été effectuée sur PubMed à l’aide des mots-clés anglais suivants : breast cancer, guidelines, risk, family history, management et magnetic resonance imaging screening, entre 2000 et 2016. La plupart des données sont de niveau II. Message principal Une bonne anamnèse familiale est essentielle lors de l’évaluation du risque de cancer du sein afin d’identifier les femmes qui sont candidates à une recommandation en counseling génétique pour un éventuel test génétique. On peut sauver des vies en offrant aux femmes porteuses d’une mutation au gène BRCA des interventions chirurgicales de réduction des risques (mastectomie bilatérale prophylactique, salpingo-ovariectomie bilatérale). Il faut encourager toutes les femmes qui présentent des antécédents familiaux de cancer du sein à demeurer actives et à limiter leur consommation d’alcool à moins de 1 verre par jour; certaines femmes sont admissibles à la chimioprévention. Il faut offrir aux femmes dont le risque à vie de cancer du sein est de 20 à 25 % ou plus un dépistage poussé par imagerie par résonance magnétique en plus d’une mammographie. Conclusion Une vie saine et la chimioprévention (chez les candidates) pourraient réduire l’incidence du cancer du sein; le dépistage poussé pourrait entraîner une détection plus précoce. Le fait d’aiguiller des femmes porteuses d’une mutation au BRCA vers la chirurgie de réduction des risques sauve des vies. PMID:27737991

  20. Femme Fatalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anthology about the representation of strong women in the media - film, television, computergames. Based on feminist and postfeminist theory......Anthology about the representation of strong women in the media - film, television, computergames. Based on feminist and postfeminist theory...

  1. Heisenberg 1901-1976 : le témoignage de sa femme

    CERN Document Server

    Heisenberg, Elisabeth

    1990-01-01

    Une femme raconte la vie de son mari, Werner Heisenberg, Prix Nobel de Physique 1932. Après une enfance heureuse, ce brillant étudiant fut l'élève d'Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, Arnold Sommerfeld. Mais à l'époque de la montée du nazisme, le grand physicien refusa de quitter son pays, cautionnant ainsi le régime d'Hitler et participant à "l'effort de guerre", c'est-à-dire à la course à la bombe. Le témoignage d'Elisabeth Heisenberg bien que naturellement subjectif, permet de saisir les ressorts psychologiques du comportement d'un savant face aux terrifiantes réalités de son époque.

  2. The Fin-de-Siècle 'Femme Fatale' and the God Pan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Ambrogiani

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available This study offers a reading of the widespread character type of the ‘Femme Fatale’ which focuses on the developments of this figure as a trope of Decadent literature in British works of the 1890s. In particular, the paper finds an element of comparison between the Decadent orientation towards an instrumental depiction of the Orient and the portrayal, in theater and fiction, of mysterious and seductive women corresponding to the trope. The texts used to illustrate the functional role of these female characters are Oscar Wilde’s play Salomé and Arthur Machen’s novella The Great God Pan, both of which employ aestheticizing strategies that are meant to elevate the object of desire by making it inaccessible. These strategies are ultimately defined as a process of identification between Wilde’s and Machen’s female protagonists and the features, or remnants, of a remote, pagan past.

  3. Femmes cinéastes en France : l'après-mai 68

    OpenAIRE

    ROLLET, Brigitte

    2006-01-01

    Agnès Varda, Coline Serreau, Nelly Kaplan, trois noms parmi des dizaines qui illustrent chacun à leur manière une nouvelle façon de faire du cinéma : même si la carrière de la première est antérieure à mai 68, son nom comme celui des autres est lié à ce qu’on appellera dans les années 1970 le « cinéma des femmes ». Cet article propose une interrogation sur ce cinéma au féminin, afin d’envisager à la fois le contexte particulier dans lequel il émerge, les problématiques qu’il soulève, et ce en...

  4. L’engagement des femmes catholiques dans des associations familiales en France et au Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Rétif

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article, résultat d’une enquête sur des associations familiales catholiques, en France et au Portugal, se propose de montrer à quelles conditions des mouvements conservateurs peuvent favoriser la prise de responsabilité des femmes. Dans ces mouvements où l’adhésion se fait en couple et où la différence de nature entre les sexes est en permanence réaffirmée, on observe une nette division sexuelle du travail militant. Les postes les plus prestigieux sont occupés par les hommes, qui sont également majoritairement en charge des tâches de réflexion et d’impulsion politique. Les femmes, quant à elles, prennent en charge l’essentiel des services fournis aux familles, ainsi que la plus grande partie des tâches d’organisation et d’exécution. Cependant, certaines femmes peuvent connaître une ascension très rapide au sein des mouvements et traverser les frontières de la division sexuelle du travail, à condition de disposer d’un capital social important et, surtout, d’une expérience professionnelle. Pour les femmes, peu nombreuses, qui cumulent ces propriétés, l’engagement dans ces mouvements familiaux conservateurs peut constituer le point de départ d’une véritable carrière militante et politique.Este artículo es el resultado de una investigación acerca de unas asociaciones familiares católicas, en Francia y en Portugal. Propone evidenciar cuales son las condiciones que favorecen las toma de responsabilidad por parte de las mujeres en estos grupos conservadores. En estas asociaciones, a las cuales la pareja es la que se afilia, la diferencia “natural” entre hombres y mujeres está permanentemente reafirmada y se observa claramente una división sexual del trabajo militante. Los hombres ocupan las plazas más prestigiosas y se encargan de la mayor parte del trabajo de reflexión e impulsión política, mientras que las mujeres se dedican a los servicios a las familias y a las tareas de organizaci

  5. Les femmes et le langage selon Charles Bally: "des moments de décevante inadvertance"?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durrer, Sylvie

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Les problématiques rassemblées parfois sous la désignation de "Language and Gender" figurent également dans les publications du linguiste suisse Charles Bally. Cet axe de réflexion, qui n’a guère été remarqué dans son œuvre, mérite d’être mis en lumière, non pas pour faire de Bally un féministe avant l’heure, mais simplement, parce qu’il nous semble important de documenter l’histoire d’une problématique en plein essor. Cet article a donc pour objectif de montrer que la question du traitement des femmes et du féminin par la langue française suscite de nombreuses réflexions dès la fin du XIXe. Il s’agira de procéder à une histoire critique d’un épisode de la "linguistique générique", afin de voir si les actuelles thématiques de cette orientation sont abordées, sous quels aspects, dans quels contextes, avec quels résultats, etc. On pourrait alors être surpris-e de découvrir que Charles Bally n’était pas un cas isolé, mais qu’un grand nombre de contemporains (Nyrop, Brunot, Vendryès, Damourette & Pichon, Dauzat, etc., se sont eux aussi interrogés, plus ou moins longuement, sur les rapports entre les femmes, le féminin et le langage. Les réflexions "génériques" de Bally et de ses confrères ne sauraient donc être regardées comme de simples "moments décevante inadvertance".

  6. Fantastic Elements in Djebar's La Femme sans sépulture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana M Medeiros

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Fantastic Elements in Djebar’s La Femme sans sépulture Todorov famously defined the fantastic genre as comprising texts set in a recognisably ‘real’ world that involve the possibility, but only the possibility, of a supernatural explanation underlying the events of the story related. Where the supernatural and the natural co-exist as hypotheses within the text, the reader enters a state of hesitation concerning the status of the story-events set before her (Todorov, 1975. If this hesitation is sustained to the end, according to Todorov the text can usefully be classified as belonging to the (pure fantastic genre. Is La Femme sans sépulture an example of the fantastic genre? Certainly the author plays with the conventions of that genre, skilfully juxtaposing two types of explanation for the events recounted and fostering a hesitation on the part of the reader. But this is not an end in itself for Djebar. Rather, the possibility of the supernatural seems to function as a metaphor; if the ghost of Zoulikha ‘haunts’ those who live on after her disappearance (her daughters and former comrades, the narrator herself, and all those for whose freedom she fought, this means that we all owe a duty to the past. Only once she has done her duty to Zoulikha in this way can the author-narrator feel that she has truly returned home. And it is entirely appropriate to represent this relationship to the past as a kind of haunting. This is the use to which Djebar puts the idea of the supernatural; whilst celebrating and continuing Zoulikha’s struggle for the liberation of Algeria and its women, she uses the possibility of the fantastic to convey the uncanny experience of a constant return to her own (cultural self.

  7. Blessing of dimensionality: mathematical foundations of the statistical physics of data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorban, A N; Tyukin, I Y

    2018-04-28

    The concentrations of measure phenomena were discovered as the mathematical background to statistical mechanics at the end of the nineteenth/beginning of the twentieth century and have been explored in mathematics ever since. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, it became clear that the proper utilization of these phenomena in machine learning might transform the curse of dimensionality into the blessing of dimensionality This paper summarizes recently discovered phenomena of measure concentration which drastically simplify some machine learning problems in high dimension, and allow us to correct legacy artificial intelligence systems. The classical concentration of measure theorems state that i.i.d. random points are concentrated in a thin layer near a surface (a sphere or equators of a sphere, an average or median-level set of energy or another Lipschitz function, etc.). The new stochastic separation theorems describe the thin structure of these thin layers: the random points are not only concentrated in a thin layer but are all linearly separable from the rest of the set, even for exponentially large random sets. The linear functionals for separation of points can be selected in the form of the linear Fisher's discriminant. All artificial intelligence systems make errors. Non-destructive correction requires separation of the situations (samples) with errors from the samples corresponding to correct behaviour by a simple and robust classifier. The stochastic separation theorems provide us with such classifiers and determine a non-iterative (one-shot) procedure for their construction.This article is part of the theme issue 'Hilbert's sixth problem'. © 2018 The Author(s).

  8. Blessing of dimensionality: mathematical foundations of the statistical physics of data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorban, A. N.; Tyukin, I. Y.

    2018-04-01

    The concentrations of measure phenomena were discovered as the mathematical background to statistical mechanics at the end of the nineteenth/beginning of the twentieth century and have been explored in mathematics ever since. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, it became clear that the proper utilization of these phenomena in machine learning might transform the curse of dimensionality into the blessing of dimensionality. This paper summarizes recently discovered phenomena of measure concentration which drastically simplify some machine learning problems in high dimension, and allow us to correct legacy artificial intelligence systems. The classical concentration of measure theorems state that i.i.d. random points are concentrated in a thin layer near a surface (a sphere or equators of a sphere, an average or median-level set of energy or another Lipschitz function, etc.). The new stochastic separation theorems describe the thin structure of these thin layers: the random points are not only concentrated in a thin layer but are all linearly separable from the rest of the set, even for exponentially large random sets. The linear functionals for separation of points can be selected in the form of the linear Fisher's discriminant. All artificial intelligence systems make errors. Non-destructive correction requires separation of the situations (samples) with errors from the samples corresponding to correct behaviour by a simple and robust classifier. The stochastic separation theorems provide us with such classifiers and determine a non-iterative (one-shot) procedure for their construction. This article is part of the theme issue `Hilbert's sixth problem'.

  9. Natural resource dependence, human capital accumulation, and economic growth: A combined explanation for the resource curse and the resource blessing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shao, Shuai; Yang, Lili

    2014-01-01

    In existing studies, no consensus has been reached on the relationship between natural resource dependence and human capital accumulation. To narrow the divergence, this paper carries out a normative research to explain the co-existence of the phenomena of the resource curse and the resource blessing based on an organic combination of conceptual and mathematical models. It first establishes a conceptual model to analyse the potential effects of the government's policy preference and natural resource development activities on human capital accumulation and economic growth. Furthermore, it develops an endogenous growth model to normatively illuminate the effects in the conceptual model and to explore the condition for the occurrence of the resource curse. The conceptual model analysis indicates that the rate of return on education investment and government behaviours play the crucial role in promoting the formation of the economic virtuous circle at the micro-level and macro-level, respectively, while resource development activities exert dual impacts on the circle. The main mechanisms in the conceptual model can be validated in the mathematical model. The rise in the subjective discount rate, the elasticity of intertemporal substitution, and resource goods price are adverse to the economic virtuous circle, while high-quality education and the institutional environment giving priority to manufacturing can become the necessary condition and sufficient condition for forming the circle, respectively. The allocation efficiency of production factors plays a decisive role in whether the blessing occurs, whereas sufficient human capital is an essential guarantee for evading the curse. - Highlights: • We conduct normative research combining a conceptual model and a mathematical model. • We discuss the potential impact of resource dependence on human capital and growth. • We explain the co-existence of the resource blessing and resource curse phenomena.

  10. Personal choice: a blessing or a burden, or both? A cross-cultural investigation on need for closure effects in two Western and two East-Asian societies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roets, Arne; Soetens, Barbara; Au, Evelyn W M; Yanjun, Guan

    2014-06-01

    The present study investigates the role of dispositional need for closure (NFC) in how individuals within a particular culture perceive and appreciate choice. Data sets from the US (283 adults), Europe (263 adults and 427 students), China (218 adults and 309 students) and Singapore (258 students) were collected. The results showed that in Western cultures, people perceived choice in a linear way as either a burden or a blessing, whereas in Chinese culture, such opposition between perspectives did not appear, and individuals generally saw choice as both burden and blessing simultaneously. In Western cultures, high dispositional NFC was strongly associated with viewing choice-as-a-burden, whereas Chinese respondents with a high NFC perceived choice as a blessing and a burden simultaneously. The Singaporean results were similar to the Western pattern. These findings are discussed in terms of the NFC literature and cultural differences in dialectic versus differentiation thinking styles. © 2013 International Union of Psychological Science.

  11. Sylvie Chaperon, La médecine du sexe et les femmes, Paris, La Musardine, 2008, 198 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grégory Quin

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Après un travail fouillé sur les origines de la sexologie, Sylvie Chaperon, historienne spécialiste d’histoire des femmes et du genre, maîtresse de conférences à l’Université de Toulouse 2, propose dans son nouveau livre une anthologie de textes que des médecins du XIXe siècle ont produits sur la sexualité féminine et ses diverses pathologies. L’ouvrage est construit autour d’une cinquantaine de cas de quelques-unes de ces pathologies associées à la sexualité des femmes : l’onanisme, la nymph...

  12. Sylvie Chaperon, La médecine du sexe et les femmes, Paris, La Musardine, 2008, 198 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Quin, Grégory

    2010-01-01

    Après un travail fouillé sur les origines de la sexologie, Sylvie Chaperon, historienne spécialiste d’histoire des femmes et du genre, maîtresse de conférences à l’Université de Toulouse 2, propose dans son nouveau livre une anthologie de textes que des médecins du XIXe siècle ont produits sur la sexualité féminine et ses diverses pathologies. L’ouvrage est construit autour d’une cinquantaine de cas de quelques-unes de ces pathologies associées à la sexualité des femmes : l’onanisme, la nymph...

  13. In search of the Holy Presence of the Blessed Mary in Tolkien’s Middle-earth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farid Mohammadi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The presence of the Catholic framework in J.R.R. Tolkien’s legendarium has long been the subject of debate. Various Tolkien scholars and literary critics have already written different critical interpretations to consider whether to assign The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion to Christian Mythology or not; numerous attempts have been made to clarify this statement. Therefore, the reasons, why it should be included in this category are many and various. There are several examples in Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings that can be studied in relation to Christian themes and motives. Consequently, the aims of this paper are to study the possible similarities of Varda, Queen of the Stars, and Galadriel, the Lady of Light, to the Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian contexts. Moreover, to study the influence of Tolkien’s strong faith, which shaped his Catholic imagination, all through his legendarium, and subsequently leads us to observe Tolkien’s complete obedience to Catholicism, and especially, his profound devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary.

  14. Queering Gender: The New Femme Fatale in Almodóvar’s La mala educación (2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pastor, Brígida M.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available It is difficult to define film genres in the post-modern cinema, as they are strongly influenced by the conventions of classic genres. Within this context the emergence of transgressive or “dissident” identities have populated such genres and particularly the creation of a modern femme fatale has become a popular and polemical character in contemporary fiction. This new transgressive identity deviates from its counterpart in classical cinema-film noir. Pedro Almodóvar’s La mala educación (2004 reveals that the modern femme fatale has become at the turn of the twenty-first century an integral part of the queer community, thus proposing a new filmic platform of queering gender for the vindication of the rights of the (“other” stigmatized identities.Es difícil definir los géneros fílmicos en el cine post-moderno, ya que están fuertemente influenciados por los géneros clásicos convencionales. Dentro de este contexto, el surgimiento de identidades transgresivas o “disidentes” ha habitado estos géneros y en particular la creación de una nueva femme fatale se ha convertido en un personaje popular y polémico en la ficción contemporánea. El filme de Pedro Almodóvar, La mala educación (2004, a comienzos del siglo XXI, revela que la nueva femme fatale se ha convertido en una parte integral de la comunidad queer, proponiendo así una nueva plataforma fílmica de género torcido que sirve como vindicación de los derechos de las (“otras” identidades estigmatizadas.

  15. Croissance de l'économie et débouchés économiques des femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... travail, elles peuvent également faire l'objet d'un manque de reconnaissance et de protection juridique, être confinées dans des emplois précaires et être victimes de violence et de harcèlement. Au Mexique, par exemple, 80 % des 20 millions de jeunes qui sont sans emploi et ne fréquentent pas l'école sont des femmes.

  16. Débats d'experts sur la réaction des femmes à la crise économique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 nov. 2010 ... ... et la religion – qui entravent l'accès des femmes à la terre. Ritu Verma, directrice d'Out of the Box Research and Action, en Afrique du Sud, où elle est aussi chercheure principale, a expliqué pourquoi la terre est plus qu'une ressource. Elle a également une valeur sociale, culturelle, spirituelle et politique.

  17. L'objectivation et la perfection des femmes dans la publicité. La perception des consommateurs vis-à-vis des femmes représentées dans des campagnes publicitaires et ses effets sur la marque et sur eux-mêmes.

    OpenAIRE

    Van Dessel, Sophie; Loir, Estelle

    2017-01-01

    Depuis son apparition, la publicité contribue consciemment ou inconsciemment au changement de perception du corps de la femme. Dans la société occidentale, utiliser le corps de la femme pour inciter à l’achat d’un produit est une pratique commune dans le marketing. Un ensemble d’effets en tous genres sont à observer sur la perception des consommateurs à propos du produit et sur la marque, sur leur perception vis-à-vis des mannequins et des femmes en général et finalement sur la perception qu’...

  18. "The Blessings of Civilisation": Nineteenth-Century Missionary Infant Schools for Young Native Children in Three Colonial Settings--India, Canada and New Zealand 1820s-1840s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prochner, Larry; May, Helen; Kaur, Baljit

    2009-01-01

    In the context of missionary endeavours of the early nineteenth century there were considerable similarities in the religious and education blueprints for providing the "blessings of civilisation" to the young native "heathen" child in various parts of the British Empire. The three case studies presented illustrate a relatively…

  19. L’esclavage des femmes en Europe à l’époque moderne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartolomé Bennassar

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this short essay I am trying to present two different aspects of the women’s slavery in Europe during the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Firstly in the case of Andalucia and south of Portugal, especially thanks to the recent thesis of Aurelia Martin Casares and Julio Izquierdo Labrado, and also thanks to the work of Vicenta Cortes Alonso and the excellent work, unfortunately not published, of Albert N’Damba, an catholic priest of Congo. The main outcome of this works is the obvious preference of the owners of slaves for the women and the prices of women are higher than the prices of the men. The motive is the productive ability of women. Secondly, I improve my investigations in the record offices of the Inquisitions of Malta and Sicily to point out the part of the corsairs in the trade of the human, especially the women proceeding from Russia, Greece, Central Europe.Keywords: esclavage, femmes, Andalousie, Mediterranée, exploitation sexuelle; slavery, women, Andalucia, Mediterranean, sexual working out. 

  20. L’esclavage des femmes en Europe à l’époque moderne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartolomé Bennassar

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available

    In this short essay I am trying to present two different aspects of the women’s slavery in Europe during the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Firstly in the case of Andalucia and south of Portugal, especially thanks to the recent thesis of Aurelia Martin Casares and Julio Izquierdo Labrado, and also thanks to the work of Vicenta Cortes Alonso and the excellent work, unfortunately not published, of Albert N’Damba, an catholic priest of Congo. The main outcome of this works is the obvious preference of the owners of slaves for the women and the prices of women are higher than the prices of the men. The motive is the productive ability of women. Secondly, I improve my investigations in the record offices of the Inquisitions of Malta and Sicily to point out the part of the corsairs in the trade of the human, especially the women proceeding from Russia, Greece, Central Europe.

    Keywords: esclavage, femmes, Andalousie, Mediterranée, exploitation sexuelle; slavery, women, Andalucia, Mediterranean, sexual working out.

     

  1. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui - English

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Nous envisageons la possibilité de faire un webcast de la conférence. Plus d'information bientôt. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinaire de sa famille et en particulier du rôle des ...

  2. Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva; Mariotti, Chiara; Vicinanza, Domenico

    2017-01-01

    Marie Curie, les femmes et la science, d'hier à aujourd'hui Conférence par Hélène Langevin-Joliot Avec la participation de l'Echo du Reculet de Thoiry. L'enregistrement et la liste d'attente sont déjà complets... Mais il n'est pas rare que des personnes réservent et ne viennent pas. Nous réassignerons les places libérées selon la règle "premier arrivé, premier inscrit". Au vu de la forte demande, la conférence sera également disponible en vidéoconférence : lien d'accès "webcast" disponible en bas de cette page. Hélène Langevin-Joliot, directrice de recherche émérite en physique nucléaire fondamentale au CNRS à Orsay, est aussi la fille de Frédéric et Irène Joliot-Curie (prix Nobel de chimie en 1935) et la petite-fille de Pierre Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903) et de Marie Curie (prix Nobel de physique en 1903 et prix Nobel de chimie en 1911). Hélène Langevin-Joliot nous parlera de sa vie scientifique, de l’histoire extraordinai...

  3. 80,000 Inactive Oil Wells: A Blessing or a Curse?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucija Muehlenbachs

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available For a century, oil and gas wells have been Alberta’s economic pride. That there could be a hidden cost in maintaining these wells past their productive life is difficult to imagine, much less accept. The financial burden of abandoning a well officially is no doubt why Alberta producers delay doing so as long as possible. Turning a blind eye, they routinely keep non-producing wells in a state of “inactive” suspension and refuse to rule out the possibility that someday oil prices or technology, or both, will change significantly enough to make those wells profitable again. In most cases that will never happen, but the province plays along anyway: It enforces no limit on how long a well can be kept inactive before it must be reactivated or abandoned. While a convenience for well owners, there is no benefit to Albertans. They are exposed to the risk of thousands of inactive wells becoming a hazardous threat to public safety. The longer a well is inactive, the higher the likelihood that its owner may no longer be around to arrange and pay for its official abandonment, a process whereby wells are permanently sealed using regulated methods that insure they cause no environmental damage. Oil and gas producers come and go. Periodic price shocks, like the one that recently ravaged the sector, drive companies into insolvency. When the owner of an inactive well is no longer around to pay for its abandonment costs, the well becomes orphaned. Alberta’s permissive policies have led to a situation where there are now more than 80,000 inactive wells in the province. Some have been inactive for decades. If the possibility existed that they could eventually become economical, those wells might be considered a blessing. However, the simulations that model scenarios where prices are substantially higher or where production technology is significantly improved, clearly show that the vast majority of these wells will never be reactivated, no matter how

  4. Aging baby boomers--a blessing or challenge for driver licensing authorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbs, Bonnie M

    2008-08-01

    the need for cost-effective, accurate, and efficient methods for identifying and assessing the subgroup of older drivers whose driving has declined to an unsafe level. That subgroup consists of individuals with medical conditions (and treatments) affecting driving performance. The demographic shift has been a blessing for licensing authorities in that it has created awareness of the need for a reexamination of licensing policies and procedures designed to identify those older drivers who may no longer be safe to drive. If that awareness becomes translated into effective policies and procedures that appropriately target the medically at-risk/impaired older driver rather than the older driver per se, the result will be an increase in the safety and mobility of the older driving population and increased public safety overall. However, a continued focus on older drivers rather than medically at-risk drivers will result in a costly, ineffective, and overburdened system.

  5. L’octroi de crédits aux femmes entrepreneuses libanaises par les banquiers : le cas du dispositif Kafalat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inaya Wahidi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available L’accès au crédit bancaire sans garantie est quasi impossible au Liban, d’où le dispositif Kafalat qui représente une solution face à cette difficulté. Selon la littérature, l’entrepreneuriat des femmes souffre de discrimination par rapport aux hommes quant à l’octroi de crédits bancaires. Notre objectif est d’essayer de voir dans quelle mesure cette situation existe au Liban. L’étude exploratoire conduite par entretiens semi-directifs auprès des banquiers exclusivement fournit les premiers éléments sur le profil de ces femmes entrepreneuses libanaises et sur la discrimination éventuelle qui pourrait exister du fait de leur sexe pour l’obtention de crédits bancaires. Les résultats semblent montrer que les banquiers ne font pas de distinction entre les entrepreneurs hommes ou femmes, même si les entrepreneuses ont peut-être moins d’informations concernant les garanties offertes par le dispositif Kafalat et sont souvent soutenues par leur mari qui accepte une hypothèque comme garantie du crédit demandé par leur femme ou qui passe par leur femme pour obtenir le crédit nécessaire au développement de leur propre entreprise.

  6. Les militantes anarchistes individualistes : des femmes libres à la Belle Époque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Steiner

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans les premières années du vingtième siècle, des femmes luttent pour le droit à une sexualité libre, diffusent des conseils et des méthodes pour la limitation volontaire des naissances, réfléchissent à de nouvelles méthodes d’éducation, refusent le mariage et la monogamie, expérimentent la vie en communauté. Militantes anarchistes individualistes, elles ne croient pas que la révolution ou la grève insurrectionnelle puisse être victorieuse dans un avenir proche et refusent la position de génération sacrifiée. Pour elles, l’émancipation individuelle est un préalable à l’émancipation collective et la lutte contre les préjugés est une urgence. C’est pourquoi, elles questionnent toutes les normes, toutes les coutumes, toutes les habitudes, soucieuses de n’obéir qu’à la seule raison. Ces femmes, institutrices, couturières, blanchisseuses, domestiques, ont laissé peu de traces dans l’histoire, et sont pour la plupart aujourd’hui oubliées. Par l’évocation de leurs itinéraires et de leurs écrits, cet article vise à leur rendre un peu de visibilité.In the early years of the twentieth century, there were women who struggled for the right to free sexuality, spreading advice and methods for voluntary birth limitation; they thought about new methods of education, refused marriage and monogamy, and experimented with communal living. As individualist anarchist activists, they did not believe that revolution or insurrectional strikes could prevail in a near future and refused to be in the position of a sacrificed generation. In their view, individual emancipation was a preliminary condition for collective emancipation and struggle against prejudices was a matter of urgency, which is why they questioned all norms, customs and habits, wishing to obey reason only. These women, who were teachers, laundresses or servants, left few traces in history, and are largely forgotten today. In retracing their itineraries

  7. Aller chez le notaire : un moyen d’expression pour les femmes ? L’exemple de Tours au XVIIIe siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Drouault, Célia

    2010-01-01

    L’analyse de la place des femmes dans la société moderne tourangelle par le biais de la pratique notariale féminine, est intéressante à plus d’un titre. L’étude notariale est un lieu où les femmes peuvent s’exprimer, certes dans le cadre souvent étriqué du droit, mais elles n’y accomplissent pas seulement leurs devoirs, elles font également le choix d’y défendre leurs droits. Cette participation féminine est d’ailleurs loin d’être négligeable puisque les femmes, célibataires, mariées ou veuve...

  8. Nicole Dufournaud, Rôles et pouvoirs des femmes au XVIe siècle dans la France de l'Ouest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Dufournaud

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans les années 1970, Joan Kelly posait la question : « Les femmes ont-elles connu une Renaissance ? ». L'historienne américaine y répondait par la négative. Revenir sur cette question, c'est chercher à comprendre l'évolution du statut des femmes. Grâce à une étude localisée sur un espace géographique relativement homogène, nous montrons en quoi les femmes ont compté dans la dynamique sociale et économique de la Renaissance et en quoi elles y ont gagné et perdu.La thèse se découpe en six chap...

  9. Rojas, Chaucer et Shakespeare au miroir de l'iconographie : les trois âges de la femme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Gorgievski

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available La mise en perspective de La Celestina de Fernando de Rojas, Troilus and Criseyde de Chaucer et Troilus and Cressida de Shakespeare met à jour des résonnances dans la parodie du triangle courtois (l’amoureux, la femme, l’entremetteur et la peinture du désenchantement du monde. Dans l’Europe médiévale et renaissante, l’image de la femme tentatrice peut aussi être mise en relation avec le thème iconographique des Trois âges de la femme et la Mort, mais aussi celui de la Tentation de saint Antoine (Hans Baldung, Jérôme Bosch, Pieter Huys, Joachim Patinir, mêlant sacré et profane, érotisme et morbidité. Au-delà des aspects tragiques, Chaucer célèbre l’amour terrestre et spirituel - dans sa célèbre rétractation, alors que la satire et le grotesque dominent chez Rojas et Shakespeare.Placing in parallel Fernando de Rojas’ La Celestina, Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde and Shakespeare’s Troilus and Cressida, one can find resonances in these works’ parody of the courtly triangle (the lovers, the go-between and their representation of a disenchanted world. In Medieval and Renaissance Europe, the image of the seductive woman can also be related to the iconographic themes of the Three Ages of Woman and Death and the Temptation of Saint Antonio (Hans Baldung, Hieronymus Bosch, Pieter Huys, Joachim Patinir, which mingle the sacred and the profane, the erotic and the morbid. Beyond tragic overtones, Chaucer celebrates both earthly and spiritual love in his famous retraction, while Rojas and Shakespeare highlight the grotesque and the satirical.

  10. Séroprévalence de l’AgHBs chez la femme enceinte dans le centre du Maroc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sbiti, Mohammed; Khalki, Hanane; Benbella, Imane; louzi, Lhoussaine

    2016-01-01

    La transmission materno-fœtale du virus de l'hépatite B (VHB) est un problème qui préoccupe toujours les autorités sanitaires à travers le monde et suscite la mise en place de mesures préventives renforcées. Le statut réplicatif du virus chez la mère séropositive, évalué par la positivité de l'AgHbe et le taux de la charge virale, conditionne le risque de contamination qui est plus important en période péri-natale. Les mères porteuses chroniques du VHB constituent un véritable réservoir de la transmission verticale de cette infection. Nous avons étudié, à travers cette enquête sur 1120 femmes enceintes Marocaines, la séroprévalence de l'AgHBs qui était de 2,35%, dans le but d'alimenter les données nationales sur ce sujet. Parmi ces femmes séropositives pour l'AgHBs, 79,1% avaient un AgHBe négatif et ont bénéficié d'une recherche moléculaire qui s'est révélée positive dans 89,4% des cas. La vaccination de la femme en âge de procréer est l'un des piliers majeurs de la prévention de la transmission verticale du VHB, seulement 2,4% de nos patientes étaient vaccinées. Ceci relève l'intérêt du dépistage au cours de la grossesse, qui doit se focaliser sur la sensibilisation à la vaccination de femmes séronégatives, et le suivi par biologie moléculaire des mères séropositives dans le but d'instaurer un traitement prophylactique adéquat. PMID:27795784

  11. Quand devient-on vieille ? Femmes, âge et travail au Québec, 1940-1980 d'Aline Charles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène David

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage, constitué de deux parties principales, vise à faire émerger de la méconnaissance actuelle des « vieillesses de femmes actives » ainsi qu’à documenter la naissance et l’essor d’une retraite féminine. Aline Charles amorce son propos avec limpidité en expliquant la nécessité de conjuguer des analyses constructivistes sur trois objets distincts, la vieillesse, les femmes et le travail, afin de pouvoir cerner des fins de vies professionnelles de longue durée ainsi que l’accès à la ret...

  12. Post-Feminism’s “New Sexual Contract” and Electronic Dance Music’s Queered Femme Voices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin James

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Angela McRobbie argues that post-feminism’s “new sexual contract” grants otherwise privileged white women the things traditionally denied women as a class, namely, economic success and self-ownership of their bodies as sexual property (McRobbie 2004. Because voice is commonly used as a metaphor for self-possessed agency, this article considers three ways white women and femme musicians across EDMC use vocal and authorial voices to reimagine post-feminist practices of self-ownership and property-in-person. Brooklyn band bottoms, Berlin techno collective Decon/Recon and Australian-American pop star Sia, all use voice to craft femininities that deviate from post-feminist gender norms and its “new sexual contract”: bottoms perform femininity as self-dispossession, Decon/Recon’s anonymous collective authorship centers women and femmes while de-centering private property, and Sia disconnects her voice from her person so that her performances of sonic resilience (James 2015 don’t labor upon her body and turn it into private property.

  13. Penser la guerre à partir des femmes et du genre : l’exemple de la Grande Guerre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Thébaud

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Françoise Thébaud, en posant la question de savoir comment le genre structure les politiques de guerre, présente une intervention qui fait le point sur la « barbarisation » de la guerre dans le cadre de l’histoire du genre, à partir de la mise en évidence du passage du problème de l’émancipation, ou de l’autonomisation (cf. travaux des années 1960-1970, des femmes à celui de la réflexion plus récente sur la violence de guerre (depuis les années 1980 qui conteste la thèse de la guerre « émancipatrice » (si provisoire et superficielle qu’ait été cette émancipation. Dans ce cadre-là, la guerre en ex-Yougoslavie a pu jouer un rôle d’accélérateur de la prise de conscience du caractère très relatif de l’émancipation des femmes par la guerre des hommes. Certains historiens récents de la Première Guerre mondiale en viennent à travailler sur la culture de guerre qui serait le fondement d’une « brutalisation » du conflit au nom d’une « ethnicisation » de l’ennemi. Leurs thèses sont contestées par ceux qui rejettent l’idée d’un simple consentement à la guerre au profit d’un mélange complexe de contraintes, fraternité, patriotisme et refusent que la « culture de guerre » prenne le pas sur les autres cultures pré-existantes. La place des femmes et du genre dans la guerre est d’abord abordée par F. Thébaud à la lumière d’une double mythologie sexualisée (l’équation pureté nationale/pureté sexuelle et la féminisation de l’ennemi comme décadent et de l’autre mythe de la femme « naturellement » pacifiste en tant que mère potentielle. Or, les féministes ont adhéré massivement à l’effort de guerre et l’internationalisme « féministe » s’est effondré. Par ailleurs, la relative « humanisation » du conflit dont sont porteuses les femmes aux armées se fait toujours au service exclusif de la patrie. Dans un dernier volet de son intervention, F

  14. Les femmes aux travaux d’aiguille: un topos littéraire?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Cunha

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O artigo apresenta um estudo do topos da tecedeira/fiandeira no universo das artes visuais e na literatura abordando sobretudo o da literatura grega e o do lirismo medieval. O corpus de análise é constituído da Odisséia no que concerne ao universo clássico, do romance Philomena (Chrétien de Troyes e da epopéia Berte as grans piés (Adenet le Roi no que concerne aos textos medievais. Procura-se assim apresentar essas figuras emblemáticas através da história e numa perspectiva interdisciplinar.Palavras-chave: Literatura comparada; literatura grega; Homero; Odisséia; literatura francesa; Chrétien de Troyes; Philomena; Adenet le Roi; Berte as grans piés; mulher; tecedeira; fiandeira.Résumé: L’article présente une étude du topos de la tisseuse/fileuse dans l’univers des arts visuels et dans la littérature en approchant surtout celui de la poésie grecque et celui du lyrisme medieval. Le corpus d’analyse se constitue de l’Odyssée en ce qui concerne l’univers classique, du roman Philomena (Chrétien de Troyes et de l’épopée Berte as grans piés (Adenet Le Roi en ce qui concerne les textes médiévaux. On cherche ainsi à présenter ces figures emblématiques à travers l’histoire et dans une perspective interdisciplinaire.Mots-clés: Littérature comparée; littérature grecque; Homère; Odyssée; littérature française; Chrétien de Troyes; Philomena; Adenet le Roi; Berte as grans piés; femme; tisseuse; fileuse.Keywords: Comparative literature; Greek literatura; Homer; Odyssey; French literature; Chrétien de Troyes; Philomena; Adenet le Roi; Berte as grans piés; women; weaver; spinner.

  15. Le grand livre de l'égalité femmes-hommes réfléchir autrement : agir pleinement

    CERN Document Server

    Pascal, V

    2016-01-01

    Faut-il attendre 100 ans pour vivre l'égalité pleine et entière entre les femmes et les hommes ? L'égalité femmes - hommes est un sujet Humain, d'hier, d'aujourd'hui et de demain. Les inégalités persistent, des solutions existent ! Quel que soit votre sexe, votre âge, votre statut, votre métier, votre culture... vous pouvez devenir acteur de ce changement. Valérie Pascal et Catherine Sexton vous invitent à : Réfléchir autrement sur les enjeux de l'égalité femmes - hommes. Ce livre vous donne un panorama sur l'évolution des droits des femmes et des lois en matière d'égalité. Il vous fait découvrir les multiples visions sur le genre, principalement sociales et scientifiques, et apporte des clés pour agir sur les stéréotypes inconscients, facteurs de sexisme. Agir pleinement : quatre leviers peuvent être activés simultanément : Les solutions légales et citoyennes. La gouvernance et la culture d'entreprise. Le développement de l'intelligence individuelle. Le renforcement de l'intellige...

  16. Aux sources de la représentation des femmes autochtones dans trois récits de voyage français de la Renaissance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan Talbot

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available En analysant trois récits de voyage de la Renaissance ; l’Histoire d’un voyage faict en la terre du Brésil de Jean de Léry, Le grand voyage du pays des Hurons de Gabriel Sagard et des lettres de Marie de L’Incarnation, cet article cherche à analyser le portrait des femmes autochtones de la Nouvelle-France par une perspective européenne. Les auteurs avant tout font une comparaison entre la société européenne et la société autochtone pendant les premières explorations. Nous examinerons les thèmes communs des voyageurs comme les descriptions des femmes, y compris l’apparence physique, le comportement et les devoirs de la femme et dans le cas de Marie de L’Incarnation, l’héroïsme de différentes tribus. Les œuvres en question comparent les sociétés de leur temps, donnant l’occasion aux lecteurs modernes de retourner au passé pour comprendre la façon dont les femmes autochtones ont été représentées par les voyageurs au début de la colonisation.

  17. Droit et accès des femmes à l'eau et aux systèmes d'assainissement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 mai 2012 ... Axe de recherche Le projet vise à améliorer les services d'approvisionnement en eau et d'assainissement fournis aux femmes vivant dans les collectivités à faible revenu de New Delhi, de même qu'à favoriser de meilleurs rapports entre les habitants et les administrations locales.

  18. Compression medullaire lente secondaire a un lymphome de Burkitt ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    faciale à la fin du 1er mois et une récupération neurologique au bout d'un an. La localisation secondaire intra rachidienne d'un LB bien que rare doit être présente à l'esprit surtout en face d'une compression médullaire lente survenue dans un ...

  19. Exclusion, régression...du “ Ladies´Program ” au “ sans femme ” ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Claire Robic

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available Durant des décennies, les femmes ne pouvaient fréquenter les Congrès internationaux de géographie qu´à titre d´accompagnatrices tout juste bonnes à divertir les soirées de ces messieurs et à agrémenter les dîners officiels. Durant la journée, on les entretenait par un “ Programme de dames ” tandis que leurs studieux compagnons s´échinaient à produire la science géographique. Les choses ont progressistement changé depuis les années trente. Alors, après quelques figures d´exception et après le...

  20. Prayer and blessings focused for healing is the most popular complementary intervention in a paediatric oncology unit in Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pourtsidis, Apostolos; Doganis, Dimitrios; Baka, Margarita; Varvoutsi, Maria; Bouhoutsou, Despina; Xatzi, Panagiota; Kosmidis, Helen

    2015-01-01

    Increasing numbers of children with cancer are using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies. Our aim was to estimate the rate of use, the beliefs of users and non-users and factors related with the use of CAM among Greek families. A self-reported questionnaire was given to parents of 184 children with cancer. We assessed the rate of use, types of CAM therapies and factors potentially associated with the use of CAM. Based on the 110 questionnaires which were completed (59.8% of the families), 23 families (21%) had used at least one complementary treatment. The most common forms were: spiritual healing/prayer/blessings 18/23 (78%), art therapies 4, dietary supplements 3, massage 3, homeopathy 2, and herbals 2. The reasons given for use included: making the child stronger 17/23 (48%, hope of stopping the cancerous process 11/23 (49%), and coping with side effects 6/23 (26%). Among the reasons given by the parents for not using CAM therapies the most common (84%) was the effective conventional treatment and, therefore, there was no need for CAM use. Another 24% reported that were unaware of these "alternative" and "complementary" therapies and a further 7% had considered using them but finally they didn't. In bivariate analysis, the use of CAM was not associated either with age, sex, nationality, education or occupation of the parents at the time of the survey, or with diagnosis, mode of therapy or age of the child at diagnosis. The use of CAM therapies by Greek families for their children with cancer does not appear to be very popular, although the experiences of those who did use them were generally positive.

  1. Rezension zu: Isabelle Stauffer: Weibliche Dandys, blickmächtige Femmes fragiles. Köln u.a.: Böhlau Verlag 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jens F. Heiderich

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Stauffer legt eine hervorragende Studie zu ironischen Inszenierungen geschlechtsspezifischer Topoi vor. Literaturgeschichtlich präzise werden die Geschlechterverwirrungen im Fin de Siècle unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Werke Annette Kolbs und Franziska zu Reventlows kontextualisiert und mit Hilfe eines eigens entwickelten methodologischen Ansatzes analysiert. Überzeugend kann Stauffer darlegen, dass den Ironisierungen der Femme fragile und der Femme fatale, des Décadents und des Dandy die Funktion zukommt, Geschlecht als Konstruktion zu enthüllen. Avant la lettre werde dadurch Judith Butlers Theorie der subversiven Performativität bestätigt. Für die Beschreibung der damit verbundenen Konstruktionsverfahren hält Stauffer allerdings den Begriff der Ironie für treffender als den von Butler u. a. favorisierten Begriff der Parodie.

  2. La femme du ménage The "perfect wife". The bride's role in wedding organization: setting the stage for unequal task sharing in marriage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Maillochon

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte étudie la division sexuelle du travail dans l’organisation de la cérémonie de mariage. Les temporalités des hommes et des femmes divergent progressivement au cours des différentes étapes de la préparation du mariage (de l’élaboration du projet jusqu’au jour J en passant par l’organisation de la fête. Les femmes consacrent toujours plus de temps au collectif que les hommes. La cérémonie de mariage ne constitue donc pas seulement une étape de formation du couple mais aussi un point d’ancrage et d’incorporation du « partage inégal » du travail domestique au sein du couple. Au cours d’une série d’épreuves symboliques et techniques qu’elles traversent pour se métamorphoser en mariée et en épouse, les femmes apprennent progressivement à devenir la femme du ménage.This article studies the sexual division of labour when organizing the wedding ceremony. Men’s and women’s temporalities gradually diverge through the various steps of wedding preparation (from elaboration of the project up to the "big day" itself. Women spend more time than men on collective tasks.  The wedding ceremony is not only a key moment in founding the couple, but also a step towards instituting and embedding the “unequal sharing” of domestic work within the couple. The different symbolic and technical tests women go through to metamorphose into a spouse and bride make them learn how to become the "perfect wife".

  3. Isabelle Stauffer: Weibliche Dandys, blickmächtige Femmes fragiles. Köln u.a.: Böhlau Verlag 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jens F. Heiderich

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Stauffer legt eine hervorragende Studie zu ironischen Inszenierungen geschlechtsspezifischer Topoi vor. Literaturgeschichtlich präzise werden die Geschlechterverwirrungen im Fin de Siècle unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Werke Annette Kolbs und Franziska zu Reventlows kontextualisiert und mit Hilfe eines eigens entwickelten methodologischen Ansatzes analysiert. Überzeugend kann Stauffer darlegen, dass den Ironisierungen der Femme fragile und der Femme fatale, des Décadents und des Dandy die Funktion zukommt, Geschlecht als Konstruktion zu enthüllen. Avant la lettre werde dadurch Judith Butlers Theorie der subversiven Performativität bestätigt. Für die Beschreibung der damit verbundenen Konstruktionsverfahren hält Stauffer allerdings den Begriff der Ironie für treffender als den von Butler u. a. favorisierten Begriff der Parodie.Stauffer presents an excellent study on the ironic staging of gender-specific topics. With literary historical precision, Stauffer contextualizes gender confusions during the fin de siècle with special consideration of the works of Annette Kolbs and Franziska zu Reventlow and with the help of an original methodological approach. Stauffer convincingly proves that the ironic approach to the femme fragile and the femme fatale, the decadents and the dandy functions to expose gender as a construction. Judith Butler’s theory on subversive performativity is proven to the letter. Stauffer believes, however, that the term irony is more precise for the description of these methods of gender construction than the term parody favored by Butler among others.

  4. La disponibilité temporelle au travail des femmes : une disponibilité sans contrepartie ? Women’s temporal availability at work : no compensation ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François-Xavier Devetter

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’appuie sur une vision enrichie du temps de travail (la disponibilité temporelle au travail, incluant la durée, la localisation et la prévisibilité des horaires pour étudier les différences de valorisation des contraintes temporelles entre hommes et femmes. Il apparaît que, certes, les femmes semblent avoir une disponibilité au travail plus réduite (notamment en début de carrière mais surtout que les écarts entre genres ne portent pas sur les mêmes dimensions du temps. La reconnaissance sociale (notamment par l’employeur des contraintes touchant les femmes semble bien plus faible que dans le cas des hommes.This article uses a broader concept of working time than mere duration (time availability at work encompassing the volume of hours worked but also the scheduling and predictability of those hours, to examine the gender gap concerning temporal constraints. Women seem to dispose of fewer possibilities to make themselves available at work than men but, more importantly, this gap does not involve the same aspects of time. The temporal constraints experienced mainly by women are less socially visible and hence undervalued by their employers.

  5. Empty Quarter (Une Femme en Afrique de Raymond Depardon : l’image d’une voix off

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyril Laverger

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Pour son premier long métrage de fiction, Raymond Depardon choisit un dispositif radical pour mettre en scène la passion amoureuse d’un homme pour une femme : ne jamais le voir ni l’entendre ; il est présent uniquement par sa voix off et les regards-caméra de cette femme. Une certaine forme de point de vue subjectif s’ancre dans les premières séquences. Pourtant, malgré une séquence en caméra portée épaule, des indices sonores et visuels troublent étrangement ce point de vue subjectif : un inattendu son interne objectif associé au personnage féminin et des questions posées au personnage-voix off restant sans réponse. Le spectateur est ainsi insensiblement amené à s’interroger sur le statut de cette voix off : temporalité variable, « dialogue improbable » entre voix off et voix in, existence même de ce personnage-voix off... Dans Empty Quarter, la voix off devient un véritable personnage relatant une histoire tout autant vécue que fantasmée.For his first fiction feature, Raymond Depardon chooses a radical device to direct the passionate love of a man for a woman: never see him never hear him; he is only present thanks to his voice-over and the camera-glances of this woman. Kind of a shape of a subjective point of view is anchored in the first sequences. Yet, despite a hand-held shot, sound and visual clues strangely disturb this subjective point of view; an unexpected objective internal sound linked to the female character and the questions asked to the voice-over-character remain unanswered. The audience is imperceptibly led to ask itself questions on the status of this voice-over: varying time-scale, « improbable dialogue » between voice-over and voice-in, mere existence of this voice over character... In Empty Quarter, the voice-over becomes a real character telling a story which is both lived and fantasized.

  6. A blessing in disguise

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Lawrence

    career. While all my six elder brothers chose science and math- ematics as their subjects, my elder sister opted for ... One of my teachers, Dr. Pankaj Sharan, was a Ph.D. from I.I.T., Kanpur, ... luck would have it, the physics test took place before the math- ... doctoral fellowship at State University of New York at Stony Brook.

  7. First conclusions about results of GPR investigations in the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Kłodzko, Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Chernov

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents results of a ground penetrating radar (GPR investigation carried out in the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Kłodzko, Poland, dating from the 14th to 16th centuries. Due to the 20th century wars, the current state of knowledge about the history of the church is still poor. Under the floor of the Catholic temple, unknown structures might exist. To verify the presence of underground structures such as crypts and tombs, a GPR survey was carried out in chapels and aisles with 500 and 800 MHz GPR shielded antennas. Numerous anomalies were detected. It was concluded that those under the chapels were caused by the presence of crypts beneath the floor.

  8. Curatorial implications of Ophyra capensis (Order Diptera, Family Muscidae) puparia recovered from the body of the Blessed Antonio Patrizi, Monticiano, Italy (Middle Ages).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, Johnica J; Baldwin, Diesel A; Higley, Leon; Piombino-Mascali, Dario; Reinhard, Karl J

    2015-11-01

    The discovery of dipteran remains on mummified individuals can lead to either cause for curatorial concern or to a better understanding of the individual's post-mortem environment. The present study analyzed insect remains associated with the body of a unique medieval mummy of religious significance, that of the Blessed Antonio Patrizi da Monticiano. A total of 79 puparia were examined and all were identified as Ophyra capensis (Diptera: Muscidae). Additionally, a desiccated moth (Lepidoptera: Tineidae) was encountered. Puparia of O. capensis would be associated with normal decomposition shortly after the death of the mummified individual, and not an infestation beginning during more recent years. Similarly, the tineid moth found would likely be related with decomposition of cloth associated with the remains. These findings illustrate how collection and identification of insects associated with human remains can distinguish between historical decomposition versus issues of modern curatorial concern. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.

  9. Blessed are those that hunger and thirst for righteousness: Sharpening the ethical dimension of prophetic preaching in a context of corruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fritz W. de Wet

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of corruption has enormous negative consequences for the ideal of an orderly and peaceful society. Corruption does not only have a destructive impact on socio-economic life, but also on human relationships, value systems and vision for life. With this research the authors described the role of the ethical dimension of prophetic preaching in addressing the apparent lack of righteousness as it manifests in a context of corruption in the South African society. The problem field was explored with the focus on an apparent lack of vision and willingness to hunger and thirst for righteousness in the current manifestation of corruption in the South African society. Normative perspectives from Scripture (attempting to voice the impact of Jesus� words in the Beatitudes, with the focus on Matthew 5�6 were discussed. It is reasoned that Jesus� words pneumatologically proved to be essential in developing a sharpened and action-inducing vision of the righteousness of the kingdom of God breaking through in the praxis of a society struggling with the effects of corruption. The research culminated in the formulation of preliminary homiletic theory with a view to a vision for a kind of prophetic preaching that will be able to activate the consciousness of hungering and thirsting for the righteousness of God�s kingdom and lead the believer in a life culminating in blessed nourishment. The ethical dimension of prophetic preaching is anchored in the eschatological sphere, aimed at making the perceiver conscious of the distinct presence of the King, calling his people to a blessed presence in this world and empowering them with his promise of restoration of an abundant life for all.

  10. Les clients des services d'escorte tels que perçus par des femmes offrant ces services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available La discussion de projets de loi criminalisant l'achat des services sexuels constitue un sujet brûlant d'actualité dans plusieurs pays, dont le Canada. Pourtant, bon nombre d'études indiquent que la plupart des clients agissent de manière civilisée envers la personne travailleuse du sexe, alors que seule une infime minorité de clients présentent des comportements violents. Interviewant 16 femmes offrant des services d'escorte, quant à leur expérience de sexualité dans le cadre du travail, celles-ci ont beaucoup discuté des besoins qu'elles percevaient chez leurs clients, de même que des attitudes de ces derniers envers elles. Les participantes décrivent ceux-ci comme étant le plus souvent respectueux, la plupart recherchant un contact chaleureux avec elle et agissant en conséquence. En outre, ceux des clients qui ne recherchent qu'une expérience sexuelle tendent à être également respectueux envers l'escorte. Par contre, certains clients présentent une attitude ou un comportement désagréable. Quelques participantes ont également eu affaire à un client violent au cours de leur parcours comme escorte. La plupart des participantes étaient en mesure de choisir leurs clients, ce qui leur a permis de surtout rencontrer des clients aimables et qui, à l'occasion, leur procure également du plaisir sexuel. Par contre, les participantes plus vulnérables et moins capables de choisir et de maintenir leurs limites ont rencontré plus de clients désagréables ou agressifs.

  11. Le travail des femmes à Frías: modèle andin et variante régionale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available À Frías, dans les Andes de Piura, les femmes sont absentes des tâches de production agricole au sens strict. Une comparaison avec des études menées dans d’autres régions montre en quoi cette organisation diffère d’un modèle andin. Mais ce modèle est trompeur. Il recouvre une grande variété de situations. Entre autres facteurs, la reconstitution du passé d’un système de production est nécessaire pour comprendre son orientation actuelle. EL TRABAJO DE LAS MUJERES EN FRÍAS: MODELO ANDINO Y VARIANTE REGIONAL. En Frías, en la sierra de Piura, las mujeres no participan en las tareas de producción agrícola en el sentido estricto. Una comparación con estudios realizados en otras regiones indica cómo esta organización difiere de un modelo andino. Pero, este modelo, que hemos construido, encubre una gran diversidad de casos. Entre otros factores, la reconstitución del pasado de un sistema de producción es necesaria para entender su orientación actual. WOMEN’ S WORK: ANDEAN PATTERN AND LOCAL VARIATION. Women are not present in agricultural working stricto sensu in Frías, in the Piura highlands. A comparison of the pattern of organization with case studies in other regions of Peru shows differences with the Andean pattern. But the pattern described here covers a great diversity of situations. Among many factors, the historical reconstitution of a farming system is necessary to understand its current orientation.

  12. ELLE : un outil d’émancipation de la femme entre journalisme et littérature 1945-1960 ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karine Grandpierre

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ELLE est un magazine international, sur une tranche haut de gamme, véhiculant des modes, au-delà des modèles exclusivement français. Le propos de sa créatrice Hélène Gordon-Lazareff était : Faire un journal de mode, mais pas seulement. Un journal moderne. Pratique. Avec des photos. Donc des photographes. Mais qui ne soit pas une revue. D’ailleurs, les revues comme Vogue faisaient la part belle à l’illustration, et peu à la photo. Un journal qui s’adresse à toutes les femmes. Et qui soit cepen...

  13. Feminicidio / femicidio : les enjeux théoriques et politiques d’un discours définitoire de la violence contre les femmes

    OpenAIRE

    Lapalus, Marylène

    2016-01-01

    Cet article s’intéresse au travail de reformulation discursive et définitoire des violences contre les femmes par les intellectuelles latino-américaines, au Mexique et au Costa Rica, depuis vingt ans. Il se donne comme objectif d’identifier les stratégies définitoires utilisées par les concepts de femicidio et feminicidio pour dénoncer, conceptualiser et politiser la violence vécue, en particulier dans l’espace intime. En combinant les apports de la réflexion sociologique et linguistique, cet...

  14. Les femmes et les enfants, prisonniers politiques ou déportés à titre préventif pendant la guerre civile grecque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Alexopoulos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Les conditions et stratégies de survie des milliers de femmes condamnées ou déportées de la guerre civile grecque permettent d'établir une typologie.Pendant la guerre civile grecque (1946-1949 des milliers de personnes sont emprisonnées, déportées dans des camps de concentration ou exilées dans des îles, une population hétéroclite d’hommes et de femmes, persécutés pour leurs idées, leurs origines ou même des liens de parenté avec les communistes. Dans la présente étude, nous nous intéresserons à un groupe lui-même peu homogène, les femmes et les enfants, prisonniers politiques ou déportés à titre préventif pendant le conflit. Après un bref rappel de la pratique de la déportation et une esquisse de typologie de la réclusion, nous étudierons les conditions de détention et les stratégies de survie des femmes, souvent emprisonnées avec leurs enfants, leur statut au sein des prisonniers politiques ainsi que le sens de l'engagement politique dans leur système de valeurs.During the Greek Civil War (1946-1949 thousands of persons were imprisoned, deported to concentration camps or exiled on the islands, a heteroclite population of men and women, persecuted for their ideas, their origins or even their association with the Communists. In the present study, we are interested in a not particularly homogeneous group of women and children, political prisoners or deportees who had been detained for preventive reasons during the conflict. Following a brief summary of the practice of deportation and a typological sketch of the imprisonment, we shall study the detention conditions and the survival strategies of the women, often imprisoned with their children, their status vis-à-vis the political prisoners as well as the meaning of political commitment in their value system.

  15. Femme Fatale 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    opposition to the issue of women in combat. The Way Backward Although the US military currently uti - lizes female Soldiers in Iraq and Afghani- stan to...57 At the heart of the debate over women in combat remain three basic propositions. First, female physical capabilities, including pregnancy issues

  16. Piëtisme en die wyse waarop die leer van die sogenaamde second blessing beleef word: perspektiewe vanuit die Praktiese Teologie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.A. Rousseau

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Pietism and the manner in which the doctrine of the so-called second blessing is experienced: perspectives from Practical Theology The aim of the research underlying this article was to explore the experience of individuals supporting the form of pietism known as the so-called “second blessing” that implies suc- cessive works of grace. In this form of pietism sanctification is overemphasised at the expense of justification. In this article, a basis-theoretical assessment of core elements is followed by empirical-qualitative research data, more specifically the results of narrative analysis. A purposive sample of nine participants was used. The research data was obtained by means of a semi-structured questionnaire that the participants had to com- plete, as well as by a semi-structured interview that was con- ducted with each participant individually. The content analysis of the research data indicates possible reasons why some in- dividuals favour this form of pietism, why some individuals do not favour this doctrine, why some individuals remain sup-porters of this form of pietism, and how some individuals are “freed” from it. Guidelines are given on a practice-theoretical level concerning the way in which the outcome of these results can be applied. An indication is given of the ways in which spiritual leaders, counsellors and other believers may find it useful to utilise the research data in their pastoral counselling of persons who practise this form of pietism.

  17. New insights into the painting stratigraphy of L'Homme blesse by Gustave Courbet combining scanning macro-XRF and confocal micro-XRF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reiche, Ina; Eveno, Myriam; Pichon, Laurent; Laval, Eric; Mottin, Bruno; Mueller, Katharina; Calligaro, Thomas; Mysak, Erin

    2016-01-01

    The painting L'Homme blesse by Gustave Courbet kept at the Musee d'Orsay in Paris has been recently studied by X-ray radiography, SEM-EDX observation of paint cross sections and confocal micro-X-ray fluorescence analyses (CXRF) at locations where the cross section samples were taken. This study allowed the establishment of the paint palette used by Courbet for the three paint compositions. Eight or more paint layers could be evidenced. In the view of the complexity of this painting, further analyses using two-dimensional scanning macro-X-ray fluorescence imaging (MA-XRF) providing chemical images corresponding to the superimposition of all detectable paint layers were employed. This method is combined with CXRF for depth-resolved paint layer analysis. Large elemental maps of Hg, Cu, As, Fe, Zn, Cr, Ba, Pb and Ca were obtained by MA-XRF on the painting and are discussed in combination with depth profiles obtained by CXRF on strategic points where three painting compositions overlap. The order of three successive compositions of this painting were determined in this study. This work also highlights the benefits of using complementary imaging methods to obtain a complete three-dimensional vision of the chemistry and stratigraphy of paintings. (orig.)

  18. Does the end justify the means? Blessed Bishop Hryhoriy Khomyshyn about Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky’s proceedings in the religious and national fields

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osadczy Włodzimierz

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In the first half of the 20th century the Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky and the Blessed Bishop Hryhoriy Khomyshyn represented two ways of the development of the Uniate Church in Galicia, and later in Western Lesser Poland. The Metropolitan Archbishop from Lvov was obsessed with the idea to impose Catholicism in Russia. To achieve this he was ready to take the most desperate steps – to merge the Uniate tradition with the Orthodox tradition, to reconcile with different political forces, which was recorded in his letter to the Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, Hitler, and Stalin. In order to get more support from the Ukrainian people, he completely ignored the spread of outrageous nationalism. Such position was strongly criticized by Hryhoriy Khomyshyn, the Bishop of Stanyslaviv, whose main purpose was to preserve the original Uniate rituals reflecting the integral unity with the Western Latin civilization. Being devoted to his beliefs, Greek Catholic Archbishop mercilessly condemned nationalism and de-Christian social life of the Ukrainian Uniate community. Those problems are the focus of attention of the book “Two Kingdoms” by Bishop Hryhoriy Khomyshyn, published in Ukrainian in 2016, translated into Polish in 2017.

  19. The Atoms for Peace USIS Films: Spreading the Gospel of the "Blessing" of Atomic Energy in the Early Cold War Era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuka Tsuchiya

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In 1955, the U.S. Information Service (USIS Tokyo produced a thirty-minute documentary film Blessing of Atomic Energy in commemoration of the tenth anniversary of the Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The film introduced how the Japanese government, researchers, and companies were using radioisotopes offered by the U.S. Argonne National Laboratory for the “peaceful” purposes in agriculture, medicine, hygiene, industry, and disaster prevention. The film also showed the mechanism of atomic power generation, and explained that it was already put into practice in the U.S. and Europe. The images of Japanese people enjoying the “blessing” of the “peaceful” use of atomic energy, ten years after the traumatic experience of A-bombs, were not only shown all over Japan, but also translated into different languages and shown in many countries, including the UK, Finland, Indonesia, Sudan, and Venezuela. The film was part of some fifty educational and documentary films produced for President Eisenhower’s “Atoms for Peace” campaign – a global information dissemination programs on the U.S. leadership in the civilian use of nuclear energy. This paper will explore the roles USIS films played in disseminating information on the “peaceful” use of nuclear energy in the early Cold War era.

  20. New insights into the painting stratigraphy of L'Homme blesse by Gustave Courbet combining scanning macro-XRF and confocal micro-XRF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reiche, Ina [Staatliche Museen zu Berlin-Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Rathgen-Forschungslabor, Berlin (Germany); Laboratoire d' Archeologie Moleculaire et Structurale, Sorbonne Universites, Univ. Paris 06, CNRS, UMR 8220, Paris (France); Eveno, Myriam; Pichon, Laurent; Laval, Eric; Mottin, Bruno [Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musees de France (C2RMF), Paris (France); Mueller, Katharina [Laboratoire d' Archeologie Moleculaire et Structurale, Sorbonne Universites, Univ. Paris 06, CNRS, UMR 8220, Paris (France); Calligaro, Thomas [Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musees de France (C2RMF), Paris (France); PSL Research University, Chimie ParisTech-CNRS, Institut de Recherche Chimie Paris, Paris (France); Mysak, Erin [Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musees de France (C2RMF), Paris (France); Yale University, Institute for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage, New Haven, CT (United States)

    2016-11-15

    The painting L'Homme blesse by Gustave Courbet kept at the Musee d'Orsay in Paris has been recently studied by X-ray radiography, SEM-EDX observation of paint cross sections and confocal micro-X-ray fluorescence analyses (CXRF) at locations where the cross section samples were taken. This study allowed the establishment of the paint palette used by Courbet for the three paint compositions. Eight or more paint layers could be evidenced. In the view of the complexity of this painting, further analyses using two-dimensional scanning macro-X-ray fluorescence imaging (MA-XRF) providing chemical images corresponding to the superimposition of all detectable paint layers were employed. This method is combined with CXRF for depth-resolved paint layer analysis. Large elemental maps of Hg, Cu, As, Fe, Zn, Cr, Ba, Pb and Ca were obtained by MA-XRF on the painting and are discussed in combination with depth profiles obtained by CXRF on strategic points where three painting compositions overlap. The order of three successive compositions of this painting were determined in this study. This work also highlights the benefits of using complementary imaging methods to obtain a complete three-dimensional vision of the chemistry and stratigraphy of paintings. (orig.)

  1. N° 341-Diagnostic et prise en charge de la torsion annexielle chez les filles, les adolescentes et les femmes adultes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kives, Sari; Gascon, Suzy; Dubuc, Élise; Van Eyk, Nancy

    2017-02-01

    Passer en revue les connaissances scientifiques actuelles et formuler des recommandations relatives au diagnostic et à la prise en charge de la torsion annexielle chez les filles, les adolescentes et les femmes adultes. L'étude porte sur les facteurs de risque, la précision diagnostique, les options de prise en charge et les issues de la torsion annexielle. RéSULTATS: Nous avons examiné les études publiées en faisant des recherches dans MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL et la Bibliothèque Cochrane à l'aide d'une terminologie contrôlée et de mots-clés appropriés (« adnexal torsion », « ovarian torsion »). Nous avons limité les résultats aux revues systématiques, aux essais contrôlés aléatoires, aux essais cliniques contrôlés et aux études d'observation. Nous avons refait les recherches de façon régulière et intégré de nouvelles données à la directive jusqu'en décembre 2014. Nous avons également étudié la littérature grise (non publiée) trouvée sur les sites Web d'organismes d'évaluation des technologies de la santé et d'autres organismes connexes, dans des collections de directives cliniques et dans des registres d'essais cliniques, et obtenue auprès d'associations nationales et internationales de médecins spécialistes. Les résultats ont été examinés et évalués par le comité CANPAGO de la Société des obstétriciens et gynécologues du Canada (SOGC), sous la direction des auteures principales. Les recommandations ont été classées selon les critères établis par le Groupe d'étude canadien sur les soins de santé préventifs. AVANTAGES, DéSAVANTAGES ET COûTS: L'application de la directive devrait aider les praticiens à adopter une approche de diagnostic et de prise en charge optimale en matière de torsion annexielle, à réduire au minimum les effets néfastes et à améliorer l'issue qui attend les patientes. La présente directive a été évaluée et approuvée par le Comité de pratique - gynécologie de la SOGC

  2. Éliane Viennot, La France, les femmes et le pouvoir. Et la Modernité fut masculine (1789-1804)

    OpenAIRE

    Leroux, Flavie; Moskowski, Pauline

    2018-01-01

    Et la modernité fut masculine est le troisième opus d’une série de cinq volumes questionnant « l’exception française », qui concerne le rapport entre femmes et pouvoir dans le contexte particulier de la France. Éliane Viennot fait ici le choix de placer la construction masculine de la modernité, et donc de l’État, au centre de sa réflexion, laissant une large place à l’histoire politique du genre en Révolution. La clarté, la richesse et les nuances qui caractérisent le propos en rendent la le...

  3. Simulação do campo elétrico e magnético de um canal iônico utilizando o software FEMM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo de Camargos Lopes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This work presents a simulation study of the behavior of electric and magnetic fields on calcium ion channels through a simple model. The study considers a situation of resting potential at the ion channel, involving computer simulations, using the software Finite Element Method Magnetics (FEMM, which calculates these fields by finite element technique. On these simulations we can see how these fields behave along the channels, and from that understand better its normal and pathological behavior in the future. From these simulations it was concluded that the electric field is approximately constant along the channel, with a magnitude of at about 107[volts/meter], while the electrical potential varied linearly with the height. In terms of the magnetic field, it grows exponentially in the radial direction until the end of the pore, reaching its maximum (about 4.10-9[tesla], and decreases rapidly from this point.

  4. Les filles de l’eau. Une histoire des femmes et de la natation en France (1905-1939), thèse de doctorat en histoire contemporaine sous la direction de Christine Bard, Université d’Angers, 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Velez, Anne

    2011-01-01

    En étudiant l’histoire des femmes à travers le prisme d’une pratique sportive, en l’occurrence la natation, j’ai souhaité faire émerger la visibilité des femmes dans ce sport, donner un passé aux femmes, mais aussi ne pas négliger les rapports sociaux de sexes ainsi que la construction culturelle de la différence des sexes. Au regard de l’étude historiographique du sujet, il convenait donc de (ré)interroger l’histoire des femmes à travers la natation et de répondre avec force et détails à de ...

  5. Distribution épidémiologique de l'infection à VIH chez les femmes enceintes dans les dix régions du Cameroun et implications stratégiques pour les programmes de prévention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billong, Serge-Clotaire; Fokam, Joseph; Billong, Edson-Joan; Nguefack-Tsague, Georges; Essi, Marie-Josée; Fodjo, Raoul; Sosso, Samuel-Martin; Gomba, Armelle; Mosoko-Jembia, Joseph; Loni-Ekali, Gabriel; Colizzi, Vittorio; Bissek, Anne-Cécile Zoung-Kani; Monebenimp, Francisca; Nfetam, Jean-Bosco Elat

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Le Cameroun se situe dans un contexte d’épidémie généralisée du VIH. La sous-population des femmes enceintes, facilement accessible au sein de la population générale, représente une cible probante pour mener la surveillance du VIH et estimer l’évolution épidémiologique. L'objectif de notre étude était d’évaluer la distribution épidémiologique du VIH chez les femmes enceintes. Méthodes Étude transversale menée en 2012 chez 6521 femmes enceintes (49,3% âgées de 15-24 ans) en première consultation prénatale (CPN1) dans 60 sites des 10 régions Camerounaises. L'algorithme en série a été utilisé pour le sérodiagnostic du VIH. Résultats La prévalence du VIH était de 7,8% (508/6521), avec une différence non significative (p = 0,297) entre milieu rural (7,4%) et milieu urbain (8,1%). En zone rurale, cette prévalence variait de 0,7% à l'Extrême-Nord à 11,8% au Sud. Cependant, en zone urbaine elle variait de 4% à l'Ouest à 11,1% au Sud-Ouest. Suivant l’âge, la prévalence était plus élevée (11,3%) chez les femmes de 35-39 ans. Suivant le niveau de scolarisation, la prévalence du VIH était plus faible (4,4%) chez celles non-scolarisées, et plus élevée (9,3%) chez celles ayant un niveau primaire. Selon la profession, l'infection était plus élevée chez les coiffeuses (15,5%), secrétaires (14,8%), commerçantes (12,9%) et institutrices/enseignantes (10,8%). Conclusion La prévalence du VIH reste élevée chez les femmes enceintes au Cameroun, sans distinction entre milieux rural et urbain. Les stratégies de prévention devraient s'orienter préférentiellement chez les femmes enceintes âgées, celles du niveau d'instruction primaire, et celles du secteur des petites et moyennes entreprises. PMID:26090037

  6. Processing and interpretation of GPR data collected in the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Klodzko, Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chernov, Anatolii; Cogoni, Martina; Dziubacki, Dariusz; Bădescu, Alexandru

    2017-04-01

    Chernov A. (Ukraine), Cogoni M. (Italy), Dziubacki D. (Poland), Bădescu A. (Romania). In this paper review of details about GPR investigation from Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which was obtained during SEG Field Camp 2016, are represented. Church was constructed from the fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries. Its rich architectural forms, embellished interior, which was ornamented by Italian stuccoists, are closely bound up with its magnificent history. According to the information about church's history, there are burials of the founder of the Chapel of the Dead Count Montani of Ołdrzychowice and several crypts under the floor of the church. Also in the 20 century, the entry point to the tunnel network was discovered below the parochial Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Moreover, it is considered that there are still could be unrevealed secrets bellow church. 70 GPR profiles were recorded with GPRs MALA 500 and 800 MHz antennas. Investigations were carried out in chaples, along and cross aisles. The surveys in the chapels were designed in a regular grid which covered the whole space on the floor. Processing of GPR profiles was done in software ReflexW. Firstly such processing tools as DC shift, move star time, gain function, background removal. To get geometry of big reflectors, which are located on the same depth with smaller reflectors (hyperbolas for targets with radius 0), parameter "radius of the target" was increased till synthetic hyperbola fitted the anomaly on the GPR profile for bigger object. As a result of processing and interpretation of the results, on radargrams collected by different antennas reflections are visible almost on the same places. On the profiles, obtained in the Chapel of the Dead strong reflections identified on the depth 0.1; 1.15 m which fit to the hyperbola for target's radius 3m and 2 m; on the depth 2.7 m there is a reflection from flat surface. On profiles gathered in St. Jacob

  7. Entre clémence et extrême sévérité. Les juges de la Haute Cour de Namur face aux femmes criminelles dans la seconde moitié du XVIIIe siècle.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Auspert

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Au XVIIIe siècle, une nouvelle conception de la femme, développée par les esprits des Lumières, tend à se diffuser dans la société. Au discours religieux qui diabolisait les représentantes du « sexe faible », se substitue progressivement une image plus positive de la femme fondée sur ses fonctions « naturelles » d’épouse et de mère. À travers l’analyse de la répression de la criminalité féminine exercée par la Haute Cour de Namur dans la seconde moitié du XVIIIe siècle, notre mémoire de maîtr...

  8. Regard communautaire sur le parcours social et la sexualité des femmes sénégalaises « solitaires » à Marseille

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melissa Blanchard

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available À travers la décision d’émigrer « en solitaire », à savoir non accompagnées par un homme de la famille, les femmes réalisent un parcours individuel selon des choix personnels, ce qui leur permet d’exercer aussi un meilleur contrôle sur leur corps. Elles bénéficient ainsi d’une plus grande autonomie sexuelle, qu’elles peuvent décider d’exploiter comme une source de revenus complémentaire à leur travail dans le secteur du commerce. Mais, de cette façon, elles s’exposent aussi aux dynamiques de catégorisation et d’étiquetage, voire de marginalisation, qui se mettent à l’œuvre dans la communauté migrante par rapport aux femmes « seules ». En effet, la remise en cause des principes traditionnels de l’échange économico-sexuel impliquée par ce choix de vie autonome ébranle en profondeur les règles qui assurent la reproduction de la communauté dans son ensemble et se trouve par conséquent critiquée et contrecarrée tant par les hommes que par les femmes de la communauté immigrée. Ainsi, la censure sur la conduite de ces femmes seules semble s’exercer indépendamment de la connaissance de leurs pratiques réelles et s’exprimer de manière d’autant plus virulente que l’on se trouve en migration, un contexte dans lequel les femmes occupent une place fondamentale dans les stratégies de reproduction, biologique et sociale, des groupes sociaux.Community perspective on the social route and the sexuality of « lonesome » Senegalese women in MarseilleThrough the decision to emigrate « alone », that is, unaccompanied by a male relative, women are marking out an individual path on the basis of personal choices that enables them to exercise more control over their bodies. They thus enjoy greater sexual autonomy, which they may decide to use as a source of income complementary to their work in the trade sector. But this way they are also subject to the dynamics of categorization and labeling, or

  9. Transmisión y exclusión del conocimiento en la Ilustración: Filosofía para Damas y Querelle des femmes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roldán Panadero, Concha

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of Modernity there was an increasing process of spreading, access, and popularization of knowledge. In this context, this paper stands two points: On the one hand, “philosophies for ladies”, made by men, in spite of their purpose of spreading scientific knowledge, represent the typical contradiction in Enlightment while pursuing the emancipation of humanity and the oppression of women. On the other hand, different essays about that “philosophies for ladies”, many of them due to women, show a “dispute of women” (querelle des femmes along the European republic of letters. This is the outcome of an early Enlightment and a counterpoint to the contradiction between the diffusion of knowledge to all mankind and the exclusion of women in this process. Taking into account someone “representative” of Enlightment ethics (Wolff, Kant, we explain the contradiction between theoria and praxis by means of the confrontation between ethics and anthropology. These querelle des femmes represents - as stressed by Celia Amorós - “an enlightment inside the enlightment” that rebuilds the link between theory and praxis, between ethics and anthropology.En el origen de la modernidad asistimos a un proceso creciente de difusión, accesibilidad y popularización de los saberes. En este contexto, el presente trabajo desarrolla dos tesis: Una, que las “filosofías para damas” escritas por varones al comienzo de la modernidad, al margen de su intención de difundir los conocimientos científicos, representan un buen ejemplo de las inconsecuencias de una Ilustración que persigue al mismo tiempo la emancipación de la humanidad y el dominio de las mujeres. Otra, que hay ensayos coetáneos de esas “filosofías para damas”, muchos de ellos escritos por mujeres, que muestran que hubo una “disputa de las mujeres” (querelle des femmes que surgió a la par que la república europea de las letras como efecto de una ilustraci

  10. La différence épidémiologique des hémorragies digestives hautes entre les hommes et les femmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Mekkaoui, Amine; Saâda, Kaoutar; Mellouki, Ihssane; El Yousfi, Mounia; Aqodad, Nourdin; El Abkari, Mohammed; Ibrahimi, Adil; Benajah, Dafr-Allah

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Des différences épidémiologiques, étiologique voire pronostique des hémorragies digestives hautes (HDH) entre les deux sexes opposés ont été cité par différentes études. Méthodes Nous avons essayé de déceler ces différences à travers une analyse rétrospective nichée sur une étude prospective sur les hémorragies digestives hautes ayant inclus 945 patients. Résultats Six cents trente-sept patients étaient des hommes (67,4% Vs 32,6%). Un antécédent d'HDH était trouvé chez 24,2% des cas sans différence significative entre les deux sexes. L'âge de survenue de l'hémorragie était plus élevé chez les femmes que chez les hommes : 51,5 ans ± 18,8 Vs 47,8 ans ± 18,3 (p : 0,003). Les étiologies de l'HDH étaient différentes entre les deux sexes. Alors que l'hémorragie liée à l'HTP était la première cause chez la femme (38 % Vs 23,5 % chez l'homme, psexe masculin contre 35,4 % des patientes avec un p = 0,03. Le taux de récidive et de décès global étaient de 7,5 % et de 5,7 % des cas respectivement, sans différence significative entre les deux sexes. Conclusion L'étude trouve un profil épidémiologique, clinique et étiologique différent selon le sexe des patients. PMID:23077715

  11. Notes of Karol Górski in archival collections of the Archive of the General Congregation of Saint Michael the Archangel in Marki regarding Blessed Bronisław Markiewicz and his pupils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roman Majka CSMA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Professor Karol Górski (1903-1988 was an expert on spirituality in Poland, and an author of many publications, such as An outline of the history of spirituality in Poland published in Krakow in 1986. Professor was inspired by the Michaelite spirituality, while exploring the life and work of the founder of Michaelite Fathers - Blessed Father Bronislaw Markiewicz (1842-1912. Presently, Father Markiewicz's selected academic works and research material are preserved in Archive of the General Congregation of St. Michael the Archangel in Marki near Warsaw. Among many Górski's publications is an article The inner life of fr. Bronisław Markiewicz published in the journal "Our Past", Vol. 23, 1966, p. 239-278. Remaining in the collection are notes handwritten by Górski kept as "Calendarium", which attest to his thoroughness and diligence in research. Collected materials carefully prepared with the aim to enable most accurate reconstruction of the events of the Education Service of Miejsce Piastowe describe the life and work of the Blessed Markiewicz and his first pupils. Sustained contact of Górski with Michaelite Fathers is confirmed in preserved correspondence, especially the letters of fr. Valerian Moroz CSMA (1919-2005. Professor, drawing from the history of spirituality in Poland, read the current issues of the Church and was highly respectful of family values and providing care of poor people in need of help.

  12. Une recension des écrits concernant la réalité psychoaffective des femmes ayant une vulvodynie : Difficultés rencontrées et stratégies développées

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantin-Drouin, Maude; Damant, Dominique; Turcotte, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    HISTORIQUE : Au cours des trois dernières décennies, une attention grandissante a été portée à l’étude du syndrome de vulvodynie, soit un inconfort vulvaire chronique inexpliqué, éprouvé en l’absence de pathologie précisée. En plus d’avoir des répercussions physiques, l’expérience de la vulvodynie comporte une dimension psychosociale. OBJECTIF : Cet article vise à faire une recension des écrits sur la réalité psychoaffective des femmes qui éprouvent une vulvodynie. MÉTHODE : Une recherche documentaire basée sur une exploration systématique de textes présentant des résultats de recherche et recensés dans les principales banques de données en sciences sociales, dont Dissertation Abstracts, Current Contents et PsycINFO, a été réalisée. RÉSULTATS : Cette recension des écrits révèle, malgré la présence de certains résultats divergents, que les femmes ayant une vulvodynie affrontent souvent des difficultés identitaires et psychologiques, qui sont influencées notamment par les normes sociales de sexualité et de féminité. Pour composer avec ces difficultés, les femmes développent différentes stratégies visant à diminuer le stress occasionné par la douleur et à améliorer leur bien-être psychologique. CONCLUSION : Les difficultés relationnelles et psychologiques vécues par les femmes ayant une vulvodynie ne découlent pas seulement de la douleur physique, mais aussi du sens qu’elles lui accordent, souvent influencé par les discours sociaux sur l’hétérosexualité et la féminité. Il importe donc d’intervenir auprès des femmes en tenant compte de l’influence du contexte social tout en poursuivant le développement des connaissances sur les aspects psychosociaux de cette expérience. PMID:18592063

  13. Pilar Miró y el revival del noir en los noventa: Beltenebros y la femme fatale en proceso de de(construcción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva París-Huesca

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Pilar Miró ha marcado el inicio de unas pautas en el nuevo cine negro de autoría femenina. Su proyecto fílmico Beltenebros desafía algunas de las convenciones visuales y narrativas más representativas que refuerzan el arquetipo de la femme fatale, redefiniendo los roles de(l género y cuestionando la mirada tradicional masculina. A pesar del escaso reconocimiento que la directora ha recibido en el nuevo cine negro español, su trayectoria fílmica la convierte en una de las pioneras de este género multiforme en su vertiente más retro-noir. Asimismo, el film saca a relucir los diferentes modos de violencia que el patriarcado ejerce sobre el cuerpo femenino y facilita el proceso de desmasculinización del cine negro por medio del juego de intertextos y de referencias metafílmicas que privilegian un discurso femenino.

  14. “A disgrace to the country they belong to”: the sexualisation of female soldiers in First World War Britain « Elles déshonorent la nation » : les femmes soldats et la sexualisation de leur image en Grande-Bretagne pendant la Première Guerre mondiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucy Noakes

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Cet article, qui aborde la représentation « sexuelle » des femmes soldats britanniques lors de la Première Guerre mondiale, démontre que l’entrée des femmes dans les forces armées déstabilisait aussi bien l’image de la masculinité que celle de la féminité, car il était considéré que les femmes en uniforme militaire s’introduisaient de façon illicite dans une sphère d’activité entendue comme étant réservée « par nature » aux hommes. Centré sur les femmes qui servaient dans le premier et le plus grand des services auxiliaires féminins, le Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC, faisant appel à des sources contemporaines variées, l’article examine comment il était souvent dit que les femmes en uniforme étaient « déplacées » et comment de façon récurrente elles furent représentées en fonction de leur sexualité. Cette représentation des femmes en uniforme selon leur identité sexuelle prenait deux formes prédominantes : les femmes furent perçues tantôt comme des Amazones aux allures masculines, profitant des conditions nouvelles de la guerre pour adopter une identité masculine, tantôt, au contraire, comme des hétérosexuelles survoltées, excitées par les conditions de guerre et motivées par l’intégration au WAAC afin de s’approcher des combattants masculins. En conclusion, l’article prend en considération les femmes en milieu militaire de nos jours afin de faire remarquer qu’en dépit des changements sociaux, culturels, politiques et économiques des quatre-vingt-dix dernières années les femmes soldats sont encore souvent considérées comme des êtres « déplacés » et continuent à être définies selon leur sexe.

  15. God Bless You, Mrs. Liddy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto, Wayne

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the hyperbole surrounding statements and testimonials about the effectiveness of phonics instruction. Suggests that reading is more than sounding out words one at a time and that most children figure it out for themselves with little or no help. Suggests that reading is also more than a psycholinguistic guessing game. (RS)

  16. A blessing from the gods?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irere, M

    1984-04-01

    Population growth and the question of whether to curb it is one of the most controversial subjects in Africa. Only a few African countries have official population policies, possibly because most Africans view human reproduction as a personal concern. They resent government advice about how and when to procreate. In traditional, male-dominated African societies a man's social stature is determined to a great extent by the number of children he has -- the more the better. In addition, having a large number of children (say more than 7 or 8, by 1 wife) also means that a man's security in old age is guaranteed. Each child, on becoming an adult, is expected to look after his/her parents. In rural Africa, the number of children also determines the level of economic productivity within a household. There are also many men in Africa who work in towns and cities but whose "proper" homes, where their families live, are in the rural areas. For these men, the urge to have as many children as possible is determined by the same reasons of pride, security, and manpower. Among urban dwellers, there still exists a deep-rooted tendency to have as many children as possible, but the realities of housing a large family in a city or town has emerged as a strong deterrent to having large families. Possible the single most important factor affecting fertility in Africa today is the emergence of women as independent human beings, rather than their husbands' chattels. This independence will continue to change the relationship between African men and women. It is born of women's ability to earn a living independently of their husbands. A married woman who has 2 or 3 children and a job is bound to resist strongly all efforts by her husband to increase her family. A job gives a woman a feeling of security, particularly in these days when divorce is an everyday reality. Such women are afraid to use contraception behind their husbands' backs. Thurs, it has become a common occurrence to see married women waiting to see their gynecologists to try to get abortions, which are illegal in most African countries. The current high fertility rates in Africa will be lowered by the changing attitudes women have toward themselves, their men, and their combined and separate futures.

  17. Gardens Blessed by Grey Drops

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC CRDI

    Yemen and the gardens have suffered much dryness and garbage pollution. Most gardeners ... The WaDImena project was keen in partnering with both the government and other organizations in this process. ... reduce poverty. Water demand.

  18. Extreme climate. Blessing and curse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forst, Michael

    2010-07-01

    While the commercial and banking centre Dubai finds itself dealing with the aftermath of the economic crisis, the conservative neighbour Abu Dhabi is already pursuing ambitious targets - but the climate conditions in the desert states are not always ideal for the utilization of renewable energies. (orig.)

  19. La femme écrivain hébraïque narre aux enfants Israeli Women Writing for Children: Devora Omer an Author of Young Literature ספרות נוער כתובה על ידי נשים : דבורה עומר

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorit Shilo

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Les auteurs de la littérature israélienne pour enfants. Dans la première partie de l'article, j'explore les premiers jours de la littérature hébraïque pour enfants (XIXe siècle. Je tiens à souligner que ce sont les auteurs masculins qui ont régné sur ce genre littéraire et qu’à travers le XXe siècle un phénomène intriguant apparaît: les femmes commencent à écrire des oeuvres littéraires pour les enfants, et deviennent professionnelles dans ce domaine.La deuxième partie de l'article est dédiée à Devora Omer (né en 1932 qui est l'une des romancières les plus populaires et appréciées chez les enfants dans la littérature israélienne contemporaine. En particulier, j'examine le protagoniste féminin, Zohara, dans son œuvre Le’eov ad mavet (Aimer jusqu'à la mort, 1980, par rapport à la représentation de son apparence physique et à son monologue intérieur. Je suggère que même si elle est intégrée dans l'armée et donc « égale » aux hommes, le personnage principal du roman entretient la conception de l'auteur de la féminité, c'est-à-dire être physiquement attractive, même dans la bataille, pendant qu’elle est obligée d'accomplir les tâches ménagères, traditionnellement considérées comme le travail des femmes. En conclusion, la représentation de Zohara renvoie aux conflits entre les sexes dans la société israélienne contemporaine.In the first part of the article, I explore the early days of Hebrew children’s literature (19th century. I emphasize that it was male authors who ruled this literary genre and throughout the 20th century an intriguing phenomenon appears: women start writing literary works for children, becoming professionals in the domain. The second part of the article is dedicated to Devora Omer (born 1932 who is one of the most popular and well-appreciated children’s novelists in contemporary Israeli literature. In particular, I examine the female protagonist, Zohara, in

  20. La teneur en iode du sel de cuisine consommé à Lubumbashi et le statut iode des personnes vulnérables: cas de femmes enceintes de milieux défavorisés

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banza, Bienvenue Ilunga; Lumbu, Jean Baptiste Simbi; Donnen, Philippe; Twite, Eugène Kabange; Kwete, Daniel Mikobi; Kazadi, Costa Mwadianvita; Ozoza, Jean Okolonken; Habimana, Laurence; Kalenga, Prosper Muenze Kayamba; Robert, Annie

    2016-01-01

    Introduction La consommation du sel faiblement iodé peut engendrer des troubles divers liés à la carence iodée Ce travail a pour objectif d’évaluer la teneur en iode du sel consommé à Lubumbashi et de déterminer le statut iodé des femmes enceintes, cible privilégiée de la carence iodée. Méthodes Une étude transversale descriptive a été consacrée à une analyse iodométrique d'iode dans 739 échantillons de sel collectés dans les ménages et marchés de Lubumbashi en 2014. Précédemment, l'iode urinaire a été déterminé par la technique de minéralisation au persulfate d'ammonium chez 225 femmes enceintes reçues en consultation du 15 mars 2009 au 25 avril 2011. Résultats Notre enquête a révélé 47,5% des échantillons de sels de cuisine adéquatement iodés (15 à 40 ppm), 36,9% d’échantillons faiblement iodés, 7,4% d’échantillons trop riches en iode et 8,1% des échantillons non iodés. La disponibilité en iode du sel de cuisine analysé était globalement de 54,9%, se trouvant nettement en dessous des normes OMS (90%). En mesurant l'iode urinaire chez la femme enceinte, la carence iodée (iode urinaire <150 µg/l) a été observée dans une proportion de 52%. Conclusion La faible disponibilité en iode du sel consommé à Lubumbashi pourrait être responsable d'une grande proportion de la carence iodée observée chez la femme enceinte, ce qui expose celle-ci aux risques majeurs des troubles dus à la carence en iode. PMID:27279956

  1. L'exploitation de l'Okok (Gnetum Africanum) par les femmes au Caméroun: analyse sociologique de l'émergence d'une cueillette de rente et de ses implications socioéconomiques et environnementales dans la région forestière de Sa'A

    OpenAIRE

    Nlend V, George Boniface; Hainard, François

    2008-01-01

    Ce projet de recherche repose sur la préoccupation professionnelle de construire une problématique générale “Femmes, Environnement et Développement durable”. Son objectif est de créer les conditions structurelles d’une association efficace entre d’un côté les préoccupations de renforcement des capacités économiques et citoyennes des femmes, et de l’autre le souci de densifier l’univers des potentiels humains de viabilisation des écosystèmes et de conservation des ressources écologiques. A cet...

  2. Fish and Female Agency in a Madurese Fishing Village in Indonesia Poissardes et poissons à Madura. Femmes en action dans un village de pêcheurs d’Indonésie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anke Niehof

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Le rôle crucial des femmes dans l’économie halieutique locale et leur haut degré d’autonomie sociale constituaient deux traits remarquables de l’organisation socio-économique du village de pêcheurs de Patondu (Madura en 1978. Un nouveau travail de terrain en 2004 montre que se sont produits au cours de ces 26 ans dans la pêcherie des changements technologiques et économiques de grande portée. De plus, avec la mise en place d’équipements publics, Patondu est désormais mieux relié au monde extérieur. En 2004, pourtant, les femmes y ont, autant sinon plus qu’avant, une place éminente. Les cas de six femmes actives dans le commerce et le traitement du poisson et le financement de la pêche sont examinés. Les pangamba’, considérées dans la littérature comme formant « un groupe phénoménal » , méritent une attention particulière : ces femmes – marchandes, entrepreneures et banquières, tout à la fois – sont les pivots de l’économie halieutique, comme « matrones » dans les relations de « matronage » qui structurent les réseaux socio-économiques. La solide position des femmes repose sur une division sexuelle du travail, écologiquement et culturellement fondée dans la société de Patondu, qui leur ouvre un vaste champ d’opportunités d’action dans les sphères économique et sociale. La vie quotidienne de Patondu s’apprécie en ichtyo-valeur et les femmes déterminent cette valeur. Elles contrôlent donc, dans une large mesure, l’économie halieutique locale. De plus, la limite fluide entre les sphères domestique et économique évite aux femmes le confinement au foyer et leur permet de jouer ce rôle de matrones dans la sphère économique. Des recherches sur les commerçantes des marchés à Java ont produit des résultats similaires. La société de Patondu n’est pas égalitaire et, même si le genre, comme facteur de stratification, recoupe d’autres facteurs et si le hiatus

  3. Femicidio: la forma più estrema di violenza contro le donne / Fémicide : la forme la plus extrême de violence faite aux femmes / Femicide: the most extreme form of violence against women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karadole Cristina

    2012-04-01

    the victims and, especially, the clear links between this crime and violence against women. Le fémicide, comme forme extrême de violence faite aux femmes, est un phénomène encore méconnu car il existe encore peu d’études sur le sujet en Italie. À l’issue d’une revue de la littérature criminologique et féministe internationale, cet article vise à définir le concept de « fémicide » et ses différentes déclinaisons dans la recherche scientifique et dans la lutte politique féministe. Le texte met en évidence la particularité de ce délit, qui doit être considéré différemment par rapport aux autres formes d’homicides. En effet, il s’agit d’un crime qui découle de la relation de pouvoir entre les hommes et les femmes ; le fémicide est l'acte final du cycle de la violence masculine contre les femmes, dont il représente le point culminant. Contrairement au sens commun et à la représentation médiatique et comme cet essai tente de le démontrer, le fémicide n’existe pas dans les cultures autres qu’occidentales, pas plus qu’il n’est particulièrement rattaché aux situations de difficulté sociale ou de marginalité culturelle, mais il s'inscrit, en tant que violence à l’égard des femmes, dans des rapports « normaux » et dans le conflit homme/femme. Cela signifie que des situations considérées comme « sûres » peuvent pourtant comporter des facteurs de risque d’être victimes de fémicide pour les femmes concernées. En effet, les fémicides peuvent intervenir chez soi ou au domicile de la famille, dans une relation conjugale comme pour des couples non mariés.Ensuite, l’auteur analyse aussi bien les premières études sociologiques et criminologiques italiennes que des données sur le phénomène. La seconde partie de ce texte est dédiée à la lecture des informations tirées d’une étude sur les articles de presse menée par le Groupe d'études sur le fémicide de l'association bolognaise contre la violence

  4. Women, war and cinema, 1939-1945: blitz on gender stereotypes? Femmes, guerre et cinéma au Royaume-Uni de 1939 à 1945 : une remise en question radicale des stéréotypes liés au genre ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth de Cacqueray

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available La Deuxième Guerre mondiale constitue une période clé, au Royaume-Uni, dans l’histoire des femmes et de leur représentation cinématographique. A travers l’analyse de chiffres officiels concernant les femmes et l’emploi pendant la guerre cet article montre à quel point les femmes jouaient un rôle essentiel dans l’« effort de guerre ». Il examine ensuite quelles réponses le cinéma a apporté par rapport à cet appel aux femmes, mettant en avant à l’écran les nouveaux rôles sollicités auprès des femmes mais aussi, parfois, continuant à appuyer des attitudes plus traditionnelles. En analysant une grande variété de films produits pendant la guerre, de genres cinématographiques différents – films de fiction, documentaires, films émanant des forces armées – on est témoin de l’émergence d’un nouveau type d’héroïne cinématographique, l’« héroïne de guerre », innovatrice dans le courage et l’esprit d’initiative dont elle peut faire preuve mais, en fin de compte, respectueuse des frontières des rôles traditionnels associés aux genres masculins et féminin. En conclusion, l’article se demande dans quelle mesure ces rôles cinématographiques innovateurs dans le domaine du genre ont pu se perpétuer dans la période d’après guerre.

  5. Sexe, juju et migrations. Regard anthropologique sur les processus migratoires de femmes africaines en France Sex, Juju and Migrations. An Anthropological Look at the Migratory Processes of African Women in France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise Guillemaut

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available L’article propose une réflexion sur la problématique de la prostitution de fem­mes africaines dans les rues en France. S’agit-il de trafics d’êtres humains ou de phénomènes de migrations ? Quel est le rôle des rituels magiques (juju dans ce contexte ? Comment les femmes concernées vivent-elles leur situation ? Nous examinerons les différentes modalités de mobilité géographique des femmes africaines et nous entendrons comment les femmes elles-mêmes parlent du juju, de leurs rapports aux croyances magiques ou religieuses. Les résultats présentés ici sont le fruit d’un terrain de 12 années passées au contact quotidien des fem­mes concernées. En conclusion, nous tenterons de mettre en évidence les para­doxes que révèlent ces observations par rapport aux discours majoritaires et aux normes en vigueur sur le sujet de la traite des êtres humains.The article proposes studying the problematic of the prostitution of African women in the streets of France. Is it about a traffic of human beings or a migratory phenomena? What is the role of ritual magics (juju in this context? How do the women concerned live in their situation? We will examine the various methods of geographical mobility of the African women and we will listen to what the women themselves say about juju, and their relationships to magical or religious beliefs. The results presented here are the fruit of a 12 year field study in daily contact with the women concerned. In conclusion, we shall try to highlight the paradoxes these observations reveal in comparison with commonly heard talk and the standards in force on the subject of traffic in human beings.

  6. Muslim Midwives between Traditions and Modernities Des sages-femmes musulmanes entre traditions et modernités. Être et devenir bidan kampung dans la province de Satun de Thaïlande méridionnale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Merli

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article portrays the life and activity of Muslim indigenous midwives in Satun province, Southern Thailand. Their art is transmitted almost exclusively through the maternal line and their traditional knowledge has been modified, transformed and reinvented but never abandoned, even as new biomedical information and techniques have been imparted during formal training. The indigenous midwives combine new knowledge with their more traditional practices such as use of incantations, ritual expertise, pre- and postpartum massages. They maintain their status in their communities thanks to their capacity to relate to both traditional and biomedical worlds. The reception of new equipment and the burden of bureaucratic control represent new elements in their lives and create a gap with the new generation of midwives.Cet article traite de la vie et des activités des sages-femmes musulmanes de la province de Satun, en Thaïlande méridionale. Leur art a été presque exclusivement transmis en ligne maternelle et leur savoir traditionnel s’est trouvé modifié, transformé et réinventé sans jamais être abandonné, alors même que des connaissances et des techniques biomédicales leur ont été transmises lors de formations officielles. Ces sages-femmes locales combinent les connaissances nouvelles avec leurs pratiques plus traditionnelles telles que l’usage d’incantations, l’expertise rituelle et les massages pré- et post-partum. Elles conservent leur statut au sein de leur communauté grâce à leur capacité à se rattacher à la fois aux mondes traditionnel et biomédical. L’arrivée de nouveaux équipements et le poids du contrôle bureaucratique représentent de nouveaux éléments dans leur vie et entraînent un décalage avec la nouvelle génération des sages-femmes.

  7. Les femmes et la terre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    La terre, qui relie les aspects économique, culturel, politique et juridique de la vie ..... Le plan stratégique de 2001-2011 à l'égard du secteur foncier (Ouganda, ...... nommées aux commissions par le ministère, le recrutement se fait au moyen ...

  8. Savoirs mondains, savoirs savants : les femmes et leurs cabinets de curiosités au siècle des Lumières

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeline Gargam

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans la France des Lumières, la culture de la curiosité est un phénomène de mode mais surtout un jeu social et intellectuel. La présente étude entend retracer l’histoire d’une trentaine de cabinets féminins de curiosité tenus à cette époque. Des femmes fortunées de l’aristocratie et de la bourgeoisie parisienne et provinciale ont alors constitué sous l’emprise de leur libido sciendi des cabinets d’alchimie, de minéralogie, de physique‑chimie, d’histoire naturelle et d’anatomie naturelle et artificielle. Ces cabinets obéissent à une typologie particulière. Il en existe deux catégories : les cabinets d’amateurs, constitués pour la parade et le spectacle des visiteurs et fonctionnant comme de véritables écoles de plaisirs intellectuels et éducatifs ; les cabinets à finalité scientifique et didactique, formés par des savantes expérimentées qui se livrent dans leurs laboratoires à des recherches personnelles et expérimentales au nom des progrès de la science médicale et de l’instruction publique. La réflexion porte aussi sur le fonctionnement de ces cabinets privés de curiosité, particulièrement sur leur mode de constitution, leur décor intérieur ainsi que sur le contenu des collections qui nécessitaient certaines techniques d’organisation, d’acquisition et de conservation communes à celles de leurs homologues masculins.During the Enlightenment in France, curiosity culture constituted both a fashion and an intellectual and social game.  This article explores thirty cabinets of  curiosities run by women during this period. Wealthy women from the Parisiain and provincial aristocracy and middle classes organized cabinets in alchemy, mineralogy, physics and chemistry, natural history and biology studies. These cabinets can be divided into two distinct categories. The first represented amateur interests; they were developed for show and served as schools for intellectual and

  9. « Ni bas-bleu, ni pot-au-feu » : la conception de « la » femme selon Augusta Moll-Weiss (France, tournant des XIXe-XXe siècles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrine Roll

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse les idées et l’œuvre de la directrice de l’École des mères, Augusta Moll-Weiss. Dans le contexte du tournant des XIXe-XXe siècles où l’éloge de la ménagère est un thème récurrent des discours moralisateurs émanant des ouvriers ou des bourgeois, Augusta Moll-Weiss met en place un projet de cours ménagers. Son œuvre offre une approche singulière de ce que des activités reconnues comme typiquement féminines peuvent offrir aux femmes. Loin de former uniquement des « fées du logis », les cours professés à l’École des mères donnent aussi aux élèves la possibilité de se préparer à une carrière professionnelle. Augusta Moll-Weiss imagine alors pléthore de débouchés qui placent les activités « du souci des autres » dans la sphère du travail social. Son engagement en faveur de l’enseignement ménager s’accompagne d’une réflexion sur de nouveaux modèles domestiques susceptibles d’accompagner l’entrée des femmes sur le marché du travail. La rationalisation et le partage sexué des tâches domestiques ainsi que la question du temps partiel sont au cœur de son projet. Aux marges de la philanthropie et du féminisme, Augusta Moll-Weiss s’engage donc dans une stratégie de reconnaissance du rôle des femmes dans l’espace civique. Après avoir présenté l’œuvre scolaire de cette femme, cet article s’intéresse à sa vision de la « Ménagère nouvelle » et à son approche du féminisme.This article explores the ideas and works of the Augusta Moll-Weiss, head of the École des mères. The latter started housewifery lessons at the turn of the 19th century at a moment when public discourse among both working and upper-class reformers sang the praises of the housewife. Her work offered a new approach to these typically feminine activities. Far from training only “angels of the home”, the lessons given at the Mothers’ School also offered students the possibility of

  10. Femme, genre et politique en Grèce archaïque et classique. Autour d’Artémise d’Halicarnasse, l’amazone qui a existé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violaine Sébillotte Cuchet

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Le dossier regroupe divers travaux rédigés sur la thématique des rapports individu/cité déclinée sur l’axe de l’intégration dans une filiation politique naturalisante (notion de patris et dans une catégorie de sexe (homme/femme. Le manuscrit sur Artémise est un travail d’histoire sociale du culturel dans une démarche critique de genre. Hérodote raconte l’histoire de cette reine d’Halicarnasse en Carie qui, à la tête d’une flottille, tient tête aux Athéniens lors de la bataille de Salamine (...

  11. The role of woman in the criminal organization: > - Le rôle de la femme dans l’organisation criminelle : > - Il ruolo della donna nell’organizzazione criminale: >

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pasculli A.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This study points out the presence of women in the criminal organizations. Where is a woman’s place in the mafia or similar crimes? The present research analyses the evolution in the role of women from end of 80’s till the last judgements by Italian Courts, where in the perpetrator, the co-perpetrator was for the first time found to be a woman.The essay on women and the local mafia seek to answer different questions from a wide range of academic disciplines and trace the portrait of women tied to organized crime in Italy and especially in Bari, where there are exclusive criminal organizations involving women. This evolution pulls back the code of silence and shines a light on the dark image of women entangled in organized crime, as a mediator, co-perpetrator, boss at the top of organised criminal group. The surprising first hand account of mafia women in Bari, reveal women in power, also in relation to the art. 416 bis of Italian criminal code. Cette étude aborde le sujet du rôle de la femme dans les organisations criminelles mafieuses d'un point de vue substantialiste. À partir du rôle traditionnel de gardienne du code culturel mafieux, la participation féminine évolue vers l’engagement direct dans certaines activités criminelles (par exemple : trafic de drogue, intermédiation financière ; les femmes deviennent aussi les véritables représentantes des chefs en cavale ou placés en détention.L’article examine les cas des femmes à la tête des organisations criminelles dès le début des années 80, avec une attention particulière à l'égard des jugements soulignant la dangerosité de ces femmes (voir l'art. n°416 bis du Code pénal italien.Lo studio affronta da un punto di vista sostanzialista il ruolo della donna all'interno delle organizzazioni criminali di stampo mafioso. Partendo dalla funzione tradizionale di custode del codice culturale mafioso, la partecipazione femminile evolve nella moderna tipizzazione di

  12. Toward a three-dimensional vision of the different compositions and the stratigraphy of the painting L'Homme blesse by G. Courbet: coupling SEM-EDX and confocal micro-XRF

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reiche, Ina; Mueller, Katharina; Mysak, Erin; Eveno, Myriam; Mottin, Bruno

    2015-01-01

    Examination of Gustave Courbet's L'Homme blesse (Musee d'Orsay, Paris), a painting with three successive compositions on a single canvas, was undertaken with scanning electron microscopy coupled with an energy-dispersive X-ray analyzing system (SEM-EDX) on cross sections taken in the 1970s at the Laboratoire de Recherche de Musees de France, Paris and confocal X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (CXRF) analysis adjacent to the sample locations of the three previously removed cross sections. Recent developments of in situ techniques such as CXRF have enabled investigation of the chemical composition of complicated paint layering without sampling. Here, we compare depth profiling by CXRF analysis with SEM-EDX data from cross sections with the goal of understanding how well CXRF data represent such a complicated paint stratigraphy. Beyond suggesting the paint palettes for Courbet's three compositions, this new data provide insight into the complex paint layer stratigraphy of eight or more layers and serve as the basis for interpreting further analyses by scanning XRF and CXRF of additional areas of interest on the painting. Data from these additional locations will be discussed in a forthcoming paper. (orig.)

  13. Toward a three-dimensional vision of the different compositions and the stratigraphy of the painting L'Homme blesse by G. Courbet: coupling SEM-EDX and confocal micro-XRF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reiche, Ina [Universite Paris 06 - Sorbonne Universites, Laboratoire d' Archeologie Moleculaire et Structurale, UMR 8220 CNRS UPMC, Paris (France); National Museums in Berlin-Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, Rathgen Research Laboratory, Berlin (Germany); Mueller, Katharina [Universite Paris 06 - Sorbonne Universites, Laboratoire d' Archeologie Moleculaire et Structurale, UMR 8220 CNRS UPMC, Paris (France); Mysak, Erin [Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musees de France (C2RMF), Paris (France); Harvard Art Museums, Straus Center for Conservation and Technical Studies, Cambridge, MA (United States); Yale University, Institute for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage, New Haven, CT (United States); Eveno, Myriam; Mottin, Bruno [Centre de Recherche et de Restauration des Musees de France (C2RMF), Paris (France)

    2015-11-15

    Examination of Gustave Courbet's L'Homme blesse (Musee d'Orsay, Paris), a painting with three successive compositions on a single canvas, was undertaken with scanning electron microscopy coupled with an energy-dispersive X-ray analyzing system (SEM-EDX) on cross sections taken in the 1970s at the Laboratoire de Recherche de Musees de France, Paris and confocal X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (CXRF) analysis adjacent to the sample locations of the three previously removed cross sections. Recent developments of in situ techniques such as CXRF have enabled investigation of the chemical composition of complicated paint layering without sampling. Here, we compare depth profiling by CXRF analysis with SEM-EDX data from cross sections with the goal of understanding how well CXRF data represent such a complicated paint stratigraphy. Beyond suggesting the paint palettes for Courbet's three compositions, this new data provide insight into the complex paint layer stratigraphy of eight or more layers and serve as the basis for interpreting further analyses by scanning XRF and CXRF of additional areas of interest on the painting. Data from these additional locations will be discussed in a forthcoming paper. (orig.)

  14. Sexuation, valorisation et particularisation des « femmes chefs d’entreprise » dans la région d’Agadir (Maroc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Martin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article s’intéresse à l’émergence de la catégorie d’entrepreneure et à sa légitimation sociale dans la région d’Agadir (Maroc à partir d’une recherche de terrain qui eut lieu entre 2003 et 2006. Il rend d’abord compte des conditions historiques d’émergence de l’entreprenariat féminin, en revenant en particulier sur la division sexuée du travail propre au type de capitalisme imposé par le colonialisme, sur les conséquences matérielles et idéologiques de la politique néolibérale dans laquelle s’est engagé le Maroc dès les années 1980 et sur la révision de la Moudawana en 2004. Ensuite, l’auteure montre que la légitimation de l’entreprenariat féminin passe par un processus de sexuation de ce dernier. Cette sexuation s’inscrit dans un registre moral qui mobilise des « valeurs traditionnelles » associées à la féminité et qui occasionne la construction de figures relativement consensuelles de femmes (plutôt valorisées et d’hommes (plutôt minorisés sur un mode antagoniste et propre au contexte. Cependant, les conditions socio-économiques dans lesquelles se trouvent ces entrepreneures et leurs familles, à savoir l’imbrication des rapports de sexe et de classe, engagent ces dernières et leurs conjoints dans des rapports plus ou moins transgressifs aux « valeurs traditionnelles » prônées.Women entrepreneurs in the Agadir region of Morocco: sexuation, specificities and positive value attributed to a new social categoryThis article focuses on the emergence of a new category of women entrepreneurs and the issue of its social legitimacy in the region of Agadir (Morocco on the basis of a field study carried out between 2003 and 2006. It presents the historical conditions of the emergence of enterpreneurial roles taken on by women, revisiting in particular the gendered division of labor characteristic of the type of capitalism imposed by colonial powers, the material and ideological

  15. Politique au féminin. Représentations visuelles des femmes parlementaires pendant les débats sur l’avortement au Portugal, 1984-1998.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Mendes Flores

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Cet article analyse les photographies de presse des hommes et femmes député(e s qui ont participé aux débats parlementaires sur l’interruption volontaire de grossesse (IVG au Portugal en 1984, 1997 et 1998. L’analyse quantitative des photographies publiées dans plusieurs journaux portugais révèle une faible visibilité des femmes parlementaires par rapport à leurs collègues masculins : elles sont moins représentées ; leurs photos sont généralement associées à des événements parlementaires ; elles apparaissent rarement en dehors du Parlement, et le plus souvent dans des rôles secondaires. L’approche qualitative multimodale confirme cette sous-représentation féminine : il existe un décalage important entre la présence des femmes sur les images et le rôle que leur attribuent les légendes ; les cadrages sont plus serrés, elles sont présentées isolées et dans des situations aux scénarios plus ambigus que lorsqu’il s’agit de députés. Tout cela souligne la difficulté de l’autonomisation des femmes dans les sphères professionnelles tra- ditionnellement dominées par les hommes. En outre transparaît une tendance de la presse à maintenir des stéréotypes de genre selon des identités de genre hégémoniques dans les sociétés patriarcales, qui dissocient les femmes de l’espace public et des valeurs politiques.  This article analyses the photographs of female and male Members of Par- liament (MPs taking part in the Portuguese parliamentary debates of 1984, 1997 and 1998 on the voluntary interruption of pregnancy (VIP. A quantitative analysis of photographs published in several Portuguese newspapers reveals a lower visibility of women MPs compared to men: women MPs are less pictured; their pictures are usually associated with parliamentary events; they barely appear in events outside Parliament, and their roles in the depicted actions are most often secondary

  16. A Feminist Intervention That Hurt Women: Biological Differences, Ergonomics, and Occupational Health: Une intervention féministe qui a nui aux femmes: différences biologiques, égalité, ergonomie et santé au travail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messing, Karen

    2017-11-01

    The University of Québec in Montréal has agreements with trade unions providing access to university resources. Researchers involved in this program worked in partnership with union women's and health and safety committees for more than twenty years. Not all studies succeeded in improving women's working conditions. One joint project involved observational studies of tasks done by health-care workers, complemented by interviews and questionnaires. We found that task assignments, movements, postures, and work-related musculoskeletal disorders varied by gender/sex and made recommendations for change. However, issues of pay equity, spending on health care, and contracting-out of "ancillary work" were salient. Researchers learned that in the absence of changes in power relationships in the workplace, women may be disadvantaged by denial as well as by exaggeration of female-male differences. Men may also be at risk when their gender is invisible. We suggest some feminist approaches to workplace solutions and some pathways for research. Résumé L'Université du Québec à Montréal a signé avec des centrales syndicales des ententes leur donnant un accès à des ressources universitaires. Des chercheures ont travaillé en partenariat avec des comités syndicaux de condition des femmes et de santé-sécurité au travail pendant plus de 25 ans, mais ce ne sont pas toutes les études qui ont abouti à des améliorations. Un projet concernait des observations du travail d'employé.e.s du secteur de la santé, dont les tâches, mouvements, et postures variaient selon le genre/sexe. Nous avons recommandé des transformations, mais des enjeux d'équité salariale, de coûts et de sous-traitance y ont fait obstacle. Les chercheures ont appris qu'en l'absence de transformation des rapports de pouvoir au travail, le déni des différences hommes-femmes, autant que leur exagération, peut désavantager les travailleuses (et les travailleurs). Nous suggérons des approches f

  17. Le tribunal d’opinion de Tôkyô pour les « femmes de réconfort » The Tokyo opinion trial in help to former “comfort women”

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    Rumiko Nishino

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Dès les années 1930, le Japon a organisé l’enlèvement et la déportation massive de jeunes femmes asiatiques dans les bordels militaires de campagne des territoires occupés. Or, bien que les faits aient été connus au moment du procès de Tôkyô (Tribunal militaire international pour l’Extrême-Orient, l’affaire fut largement passée sous silence, ces violences sexuelles envers les femmes n’étant pas reconnues comme des crimes de guerre à part entière. Suite à la mobilisation engagée par les survivantes coréennes et celles d’autres pays d’Asie au cours des années 1990, un tribunal d’opinion s’est tenu à Tôkyô en décembre 2000, à l’initiative de VAWW-NET (Violence Against Women in War Network, pour juger les responsables et envisager des mesures de réparation. L’article revient sur le sens de ce tribunal et dresse les perspectives à venir.Since the 1930s, Japan had organized the kidnapping and mass deportation of young Asian women into military brothels campaign in the occupied territories. Although the facts were known at the time of the Tokyo trial (the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, and trials of BC war criminals, sexual violence against women were not recognized as full war crimes, and the whole story remained was largely ignored until the coming out of Korean victims in the 1990s. Following the mobilization by those women from Korea and other Asian countries, an opinion court was held in Tokyo in December 2000, at the initiative of VAWW-NET (Violence against Women in War Network. The goal was to indict those responsible and to consider remedial measures. The article presents the meaning of the court and examines further perspectives.

  18. Légitimer la participation des femmes à l’effort de guerre en zone nationale pendant la guerre d’Espagne : vers la notion de « guerre totale »

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    Marie-Aline Barrachina

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Pendant la guerre civile espagnole, l’urgence sanitaire et sociale conduit les femmes de la zone nationale à se mobiliser derrière des associations confessionnelles ou partisanes afin de  participer à l’effort de guerre. Or les forces qui soutenaient le soulèvement antirépublicain fondaient leur conception de l’Etat et de la société sur une stricte répartition des espaces privés et public, ce dernier étant exclusivement réservé aux hommes. Il convenait donc de dépoussiérer ces principes afin de les rendre cohérents avec la réalité du terrain, sans pour autant enfreindre trop visiblement l’ordre national et catholique. La reconnaissance par Franco du Secours social (2 février 1937, puis la création du Service social présenté comme l équivalent féminin du service militaire (décret du 7 octobre 1937 sont les premières étapes du processus d’officialisation d’un devoir national de présence des femmes dans l’espace public à des fins exclusives d’assistance, et sous le strict contrôle de l’Etat national et catholique. Ce devoir national, la presse féminine se chargera d’en préciser les limites dans une dernière étape qui se poursuit après guerre, en exaltant un modèle de femme espagnole dont l’unique aspiration, quand l’urgence l’oblige à accomplir de grandes choses au nom de la foi et de la patrie, serait de retrouver au plus vite la quiétude du foyer où réside sa vocation première et transcendante. C’est la théorie de la « guerre totale » qui arrache les femmes à leur nature, le temps d’une guerre.During the Spanish civil war, due to a lack of sanitary and social services, the women of the national zone had to support the war effort. But the forces that supported the antirepublican uprising had a conception of the state and society strictly divided between private and public spaces, this being exclusively for men. So it was necessary to get rid of these principles to adjust

  19. Le droit au divorce des femmes (khul‘ en islam : pratiques différentielles en Mauritanie et en Égypte The Right to Divorce for Women (khul‘ in Islam: Comparative Practices in Mauritania and Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinne Fortier

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Le droit au divorce des femmes ou khul‘, bien que généralement moins connu et moins pratiqué par les sociétés musulmanes que la répudiation, figure dans les textes législatifs islamiques. Dans le droit musulman, l’épouse peut racheter la liberté qu’elle a aliénée à son époux en échange de la compensation matrimoniale, ce qui témoigne en creux du rôle de la dot qui autorise socialement et légalement l’homme à prendre possession du corps féminin. Connu et pratiqué depuis des siècles dans la société maure, qui se réfère dans sa pratique juridique aux traités de droit malékite anciens et récemment au Code de statut personnel de 2001, le divorce féminin n’a pas la connotation subversive qu’il a en Égypte depuis que le nouveau Code de statut personnel de 2000 donne aux femmes le droit de divorcer sans que l’accord de leur mari ne soit nécessaire. Cette recherche comparée du divorce féminin en Mauritanie et en Égypte montre que chaquesociété fait un usage différentiel du droit musulman, usage qui s’explique, entre autres, par le degré de connaissance de ce corpus juridique ainsi que par la configuration spécifique des rapports sociaux de sexe et de parenté.The right to divorce available through women’s own initiatives, or khul‘, although generally less known and less practiced by Muslim societies than repudiation, is clearly elaborated in Islamic jurisprudence. By khul‘, the wife can regain the freedom which she had surrendered to her husband’s authority by reimbursing his marital compensation of gifts given to her and her family at the time of betrothal and wedding. This legal process for divorce testifies implicitly to the role of bridewealth as that which secures the man with social, legal and symbolic authority to possess the female body.Women’s divorce has been known and practiced for centuries in Moorish society of Mauritania which refers in its legal practice to treaties of

  20. Pre-vacation time: Blessing or burden?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nawijn, J.; Bloom, J. de; Geurts, S.A.E.

    2013-01-01

    Vacationers generally experience higher health and well-being levels than nonvacationers. It is unclear if and how health and well-being levels of vacationers change prior to vacation and what potential determinants are. Our research questions were: (1) How do health and well-being change before

  1. Pre-Vacation Time : Blessing or Burden?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nawijn, Jeroen; De Bloom, Jessica; Geurts, Sabine

    2013-01-01

    Vacationers generally experience higher health and well-being levels than nonvacationers. It is unclear if and how health and well-being levels of vacationers change prior to vacation and what potential determinants are. Our research questions were: (1) How do health and well-being change before

  2. X-rays - a mixed blessing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wright, J.

    1988-01-01

    The irrational attitude towards the ionizing radiation caused by diagnosis radiography is discussed. While levels of radiation permitted in the mining and nuclear power industries are estimated to be far from safe, ironically they are the same as these observed in medical practice for the safety of those using x-ray equipments. Moreover, it appears that there is a categorical embargo on a routine monitoring of radiation dose received by patients. It is argued that the radiation protection authorities with the full financial support of the Federal and State Governments should establish the administration and legal framework allowing radiation doses to individuals and populations to be controlled as any other potentially dangerous doses of medication are

  3. "Blessed": Musical Talent, Smartness, & Figured Identities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Adria R.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explore smartness and talent as social constructs. Drawing on Holland et al.'s (1998) figured identities, this article explores the figuring of abilities by elucidating the voices of African American high school chorus students. Critical Race Theory (CRT) helps to unpack normalized language and practices that…

  4. Bulk Leisure--Problem or Blessing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beland, Robert M.

    1983-01-01

    With an increasing number of the nation's work force experiencing "bulk leisure" time because of new work scheduling procedures, parks and recreation offices are encouraged to examine their program scheduling and content. (JM)

  5. Nrf2: bane or blessing in cancer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, MingJun; Namani, Akhileshwar; Wu, ShiJun; Wang, XiaoLi

    2014-08-01

    The Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)-nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-antioxidant response element pathway serves a major function in endogenous cytoprotection in normal cells. Nrf2 is a transcription factor that mainly regulates the expression of a wide array of genes that produce the antioxidants and other proteins responsible for the detoxification of xenobiotics and reactive oxygen species. Nrf2 mediates the chemoprevention of cancer in normal cells. Growing body of evidence suggests that Nrf2 is not only involved in the chemoprevention of normal cells but also promotes the growth of cancer cells. However, the mechanism underlying the function of Nrf2 in oncogenesis and tumor protection in cancer cells remains unclear and thus requires further study. This review aims to rationalize the existing functions of Nrf2 in chemoprevention and tumorigenesis, as well as the somatic mutations of Nrf2 and Keap1 in cancer and Nrf2 cross talk with miRNAs. This review also discusses the future challenges in Nrf2 research.

  6. Teleradiology - a blessing or a curse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bodemeyer, J.; Mariss, G.; Gursky, S.

    2002-01-01

    Several hospitals in northern Hessen, not having their own radiology departments, want to run CT-scanners with the goal of improving medical quality. They requested co-operation from the Radiological Institute in the Hardtwaldklinik 1 in Bad Zwesten. Therefore a teleradiological network was developed, which enables the exchange of radiological-images and -reports between 19 hospitals today. An elementary requirement for this co-operation is an efficient and functional computer infrastructure and verified co-operation contracts. The conception, structure and development of the program, as well as associated difficulties are presented and discussed from different perspectives in the light of the controversy among experts. The results, experiences and benefits gained in four years, in which the teleradiological network of northern Hessen has been in place, demonstrate the importance and possibilities of teleradiology as an element of telemedicine. Teleradiology/telediagnostics improves the quality of patient care in smaller hospitals located in less-populated areas and present possibilities to optimize and integrate health care structures, taking economic considerations into account. (orig.) [de

  7. Government Sponsored Venture Capital: Blessing Or Curse?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Jáki

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Young companies with growth opportunities face serious problems when it comes to financing. The private venture capital (VC market fails to provide sufficient funding for this segment. First, we present the main characteristics of start-up companies and market failures that can lead to government intervention. These failures include asymmetric information embodied in the business plan; high transaction costs of the investment process from the investment decision to the exit; and positive externalities in the economy, as the government prefers other goals than profit realization. Government participation is categorized as direct or indirect intervention. We present international studies showing that indirect government intervention can have both beneficial and negative effects on the vc market. Finally, the Hungarian government’s participation and intervention are evaluated on the domestic VC market.

  8. Labor market institutions: Curse or blessing?

    OpenAIRE

    Ochsen, Carsten; Welsch, Heinz

    2006-01-01

    Previous literature has identified considerable non-pecuniary costs to macroeconomic fluctuation and uncertainty. The present paper investigates whether and to what extent labor market institutions can mitigate those costs. We study how life satisfaction of European citizens is affected by employment protection and the level and duration of unemployment benefit payments. We differentiate between direct effects (at given macroeconomic conditions) and total effects (including the feedback throu...

  9. Menopausal hormone therapy and new-onset diabetes in the French Etude Epidemiologique de Femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de l'Education Nationale (E3N) cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lauzon-Guillain, B; Fournier, A; Fabre, A; Simon, N; Mesrine, S; Boutron-Ruault, M-C; Balkau, B; Clavel-Chapelon, F

    2009-10-01

    Two US randomised trials found a lower incidence of type 2 diabetes in women treated by menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) with oral conjugated equine oestrogen combined with medroxyprogesterone acetate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of various MHTs, according to their formulation and route of administration, on new-onset diabetes in a cohort of postmenopausal French women. The association between MHT use and new-onset diabetes was investigated by Cox regression analysis in 63,624 postmenopausal women in the prospective French cohort of the Etude Epidemiologique de Femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de l'Education Nationale (E3N). Cases of diabetes were identified through self-reporting or drug-reimbursement record linkage, and further validated. 1,220 new-onset diabetes cases were validated. We observed a lower risk of new-onset diabetes among women who had ever used MHT (HR 0.82 [95% CI 0.72-0.93]), compared with those who had never used MHT. Adjustment for BMI during follow-up (rather than according to baseline BMI) did not substantially modify this association. An oral route of oestrogen administration was associated with a greater decrease in diabetes risk than a cutaneous route (HR 0.68 [95% CI 0.55-0.85] vs 0.87 [95% CI 0.75-1.00], p for homogeneity = 0.028). We were not able to show significant differences between the progestagens used in combined MHT. Use of MHT appeared to be associated with a lower risk of new-onset diabetes. This relationship was not mediated by changes in BMI. Further studies are needed to confirm the stronger effect of oral administration of oestrogen compared with cutaneous administration.

  10. Birth weight, body silhouette over the life course, and incident diabetes in 91,453 middle-aged women from the French Etude Epidemiologique de Femmes de la Mutuelle Generale de l'Education Nationale (E3N) Cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lauzon-Guillain, Blandine; Balkau, Beverley; Charles, Marie-Aline; Romieu, Isabelle; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise

    2010-02-01

    Obesity and increases in body weight in adults are considered to be among the most important risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Low birth weight is also associated with a higher diabetes incidence. We aimed to examine to what extent the evolution of body shape, from childhood to adulthood, is related to incident diabetes in late adulthood. Etude Epidemiologique de Femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de l'Education Nationale (E3N) is a cohort study of French women born in 1925-1950 and followed by questionnaire every 2 years. At baseline, in 1990, women were asked to report their current weight, height, and body silhouette at various ages. Birth weight was recorded in 2002. Cases of diabetes were self-reported or obtained by drug reimbursement record linkage and further validated. Of the 91,453 women who were nondiabetic at baseline, 2,534 developed diabetes over the 15 years of follow-up. Birth weight and body silhouette at 8 years, at menarche, and in young adulthood (20-25 years) were inversely associated with the risk of diabetes, independently of adult BMI during follow-up (all P(trend) < 0.001). In mid-adulthood (35-40 years), the association was reversed, with an increase in risk related to a larger body silhouette. An increase in body silhouette from childhood to mid-adulthood amplified the risk of diabetes. Low birth weight and thinness until young adulthood may increase the risk of diabetes, independently of adult BMI during follow-up. Young women who were lean children should be especially warned against weight gain.

  11. Micronutrient dietary patterns associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus among women of the E3N-EPIC (Etude Epidémiologique auprès de femmes de l'Education Nationale) cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancini, Francesca Romana; Dow, Courtney; Affret, Aurélie; Rajaobelina, Kalina; Dartois, Laureen; Balkau, Beverley; Bonnet, Fabrice; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Fagherazzi, Guy

    2018-02-19

    Micronutrients play a key role in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but methodological difficulties arise from their collinearity and interdependencies with foods. The aim of the present study was to identify micronutrient dietary patterns in the E3N-EPIC (Etude Epidémiologique auprès de femmes de l'Education Nationale) cohort and to investigate their association with risk of T2DM. Principal component analysis was used to identify micronutrient patterns among 71 270 women from the E3N-EPIC cohort. Associations between micronutrient patterns and risk of T2DM were quantified by hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from Cox proportional hazards regression models, adjusted for potential confounders. Six micronutrient patterns were identified explaining 78% of the total variance in micronutrient intake. A positive association was found between T2DM and a pattern highly correlated with intake of vitamins B 2 and B 5 (HR 1.34; 95% CI 1.16-1.56). Similarly, a positive association was found with a pattern characterized by high intakes of vitamin B 12 and retinol, and a low intake of vitamin C (HR 1.30; 95% CI 1.15-1.48). An inverse association was observed between T2DM and another two patterns: one correlated with magnesium and vitamin B 3 (HR 0.75; 95% CI 0.66-0.86), and the other correlated with manganese intake (HR 0.82; 95% CI 0.72-0.94). The findings of the present study identify micronutrients that have an effect on the risk of T2DM, and enable better understanding of the complexity of the diet when investigating the association between micronutrients and T2DM. © 2018 Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  12. Evaluation du traitement antirétroviral chez les femmes enceintes VIH-1 positif, sur la transmission de l'infection de la mère à l'enfant: cas du Centre Médical Saint Camille de Ouagadougou, au Burkina Faso

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soubeiga, Serge Theophile; Compaore, Rebecca; Djigma, Florencia; Zagre, Nicaise; Assengone, Elsa; Traore, Lassina; Diarra, Birama; Bisseye, Cyrille; Ouermi, Djeneba; Sagna, Tani; Karou, Simplice; Pietra, Virginio; Simpore, Jacques

    2015-01-01

    Introduction L'infection au VIH chez les nouveau-nés par leur mère peut être réduite grâce à des programmes de prévention de transmission mère-enfant du VIH (PTME). L'objectif dans cette étude était d’évaluer le traitement antirétroviral chez les femmes enceintes VIH-1 positif sur la transmission mère-enfant de l'infection au Centre Médical Saint Camille de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Méthodes Des échantillons de spot de sang total ont été collectés chez 160 enfants âgés de 6 semaines, nés de mères VIH-1 positif et chez 40 enfants âgés de 2 à 13 mois provenant d'orphelinats et dont les mères étaient inconnues. Ces échantillons ont été testés avec le kit Abbott Real Time HIV-1 Qualitative. Un questionnaire a permis de connaitre les âges et les fonctions des femmes enceintes. Résultats Les femmes enceintes avaient un âge moyen global de 29,50±5,19 ans. Au total, 50,5% (101/200) ont été mises sous combinaison AZT/3TC/NVP et 29,5% (59/200) étaient sous prophylaxie (AZT/3TC). Le taux de transmission verticale du VIH-1 était de 0,0% (0/160) (p VIH-1 de la mère à l'enfant. De plus, le dépistage par PCR, des enfants orphelins infectés verticalement par le VIH, permet leur prise en charge thérapeutique précoce. PMID:26301003

  13. Consumption of artificially and sugar-sweetened beverages and incident type 2 diabetes in the Etude Epidemiologique aupres des femmes de la Mutuelle Generale de l'Education Nationale-European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagherazzi, Guy; Vilier, Alice; Saes Sartorelli, Daniela; Lajous, Martin; Balkau, Beverley; Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise

    2013-03-01

    It has been extensively shown, mainly in US populations, that sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), but less is known about the effects of artificially sweetened beverages (ASBs). We evaluated the association between self-reported SSB, ASB, and 100% fruit juice consumption and T2D risk over 14 y of follow-up in the French prospective Etude Epidémiologique auprès des femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de l'Education Nationale-European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. A total of 66,118 women were followed from 1993, and 1369 incident cases of T2D were diagnosed during the follow-up. Cox regression models were used to estimate HRs and 95% CIs for T2D risk. The average consumption of sweetened beverages in consumers was 328 and 568 mL/wk for SSBs and ASBs, respectively. Compared with nonconsumers, women in the highest quartiles of SSB and ASB consumers were at increased risk of T2D with HRs (95% CIs) of 1.34 (1.05, 1.71) and 2.21 (1.56, 3.14) for women who consumed >359 and >603 mL/wk of SSBs and ASBs, respectively. Strong positive trends in T2D risk were also observed across quartiles of consumption for both types of beverage (P = 0.0088 and P < 0.0001, respectively). In sensitivity analyses, associations were partly mediated by BMI, although there was still a strong significant independent effect. No association was observed for 100% fruit juice consumption. Both SSB consumption and ASB consumption were associated with increased T2D risk. We cannot rule out that factors other than ASB consumption that we did not control for are responsible for the association with diabetes, and randomized trials are required to prove a causal link between ASB consumption and T2D.

  14. Lutte contre la pauvreté et capacité d’action des femmes dans la longue durée : une discussion autour du concept d’encastrement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Bähr Caballero

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir des années 1990, une nouvelle version du discours dominant sur le développement fait état de la nécessité de réguler certains aspects du marché et de créer des institutions pour soulager l’impact social de la mise en opération de l’économie de marché. Cette évolution pourrait être interprétée comme un scénario d’inclusion et de ré-encastrement de l’économie, dans la mesure où la construction des activités économiques reconnaît désormais l’existence de conditions sociales et institutionnelles comme étant nécessaires à son fonctionnement. Sommes-nous devant un contre-mouvement visant à contrôler l’expansion du modèle néo-libéral et à ré-encastrer l’économie dans le social ? Dans cet article, nous proposons d’explorer les notions d’encastrement-étayage et d’encastrement-insertion, afin d’éclairer le débat sur le " retour de l’État " et ce, dans le cadre d’une étude de cas sur les femmes paysannes comme actrices du développement au Honduras.From the 90’s on, a new version of the dominant discourse on development mentions the need to regulate certain aspects of the market and to create institutions to alleviate the social impacts of the market economy. This evolution could be interpreted as a scenario for inclusion and reembedding the economy, inasmuch as the construction of economic activities now recognizes the existence of social and institutional conditions as essential to its functioning. Are we in the presence of a counter-movement aiming at controlling the expansion of the neo-liberal model and reembedding the economy in the social? In this article, we propose to explore the notions of embeddedness in its various views (amongst which insertion, in order to contribute to the debate on the « return of the State », in the context of a study on women of Honduras as actors of development.

  15. Comment la folie vient aux femmes. Personnages de folles dans quelques récits de Maghrébines : d’Isabelle Eberhardt à Leïla Marouane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Gravet

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Isabelle Eberhardt, Leïla Sebbar, Azza Filali, Malika Madi and Leïla Marouane are five writers with Maghreban connections (as proved in this article who, in their works (four short stories and four novels, depict several characters of mad women. Firstly, we aim to analyse the descriptions the authors use to express their characters’ madness, then we identify the contexts in which behaviours, considered as abnormal by the other characters or the narrator, erupt. Finally, we try to determine the origin of those women’s madness (or supposed psychosis. Generally, the answer can be found in the violence exerted on the young lady or woman, whether it be social, parental or masculine-based violence, in relation to the cultural and geographical context. As such, the representation of madness, originating from the exclusion imposed on women by an abusive patriarchal system, through the eyes of Maghrebi women, seems to be an inherent trait of women’s literature in Maghreb. Isabelle Eberhardt, Leïla Sebbar, Azza Filali, Malika Madi et Leïla Marouane : ces cinq auteures, dont nous montrons d’abord le lien avec le Maghreb, mettent en scène des personnages de folles dans plusieurs de leurs récits (quatre nouvelles et quatre romans. Après y avoir repris les descriptions des manifestations e cette folie et les contextes où surgissent les comportements jugés, par les autres personnages ou par la narratrice, anormaux, nous tenterons de dégager les causes de cette folie (ou prétendue psycho e – généralement elle provient de la violence exercée sur la jeune fille ou la femme, sociale, parentale ou masculine, liée au contexte géographico-culturel. Comme telle, l’image de la folle chez les Maghrébines, manifestation d’une exclusion imposée par un système patriarcal abusif, nous paraît spécifique de cette littérature féminine du Maghreb.

  16. Blessings on the Food, Blessings on the Workers: Arts-Based Education for Migrant Worker Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barndt, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Migrant agricultural workers are not only on the margins of Canadian and global food systems; they are also on the margins of public consciousness about the labour behind the food we eat. Even local food movement groups who advocate for both social justice and sustainable food production have not made migrant labour a priority concern. Popular…

  17. Femmes et les syndicats en Europe.

    OpenAIRE

    Hastings, S; Coleman M

    1993-01-01

    Based on a survey carried out in 1992. Identifies various factors influencing the degree of trade unionization of women. Studies the concentration and growth of women's employment in part-time work and the small firm sector. Covers the relationship between union membership and the extent of unemployment insurance, maternity leave and maternity benefits.

  18. Adrien Dubois, La violence des femmes en Normandie à la fin du Moyen Âge, Société parisienne d’histoire et d’archéologie normandes, coll. Cahiers Léopole Delisle, 2005-2006, Paris, 2010, 400 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Dauven

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Le but premier de l’ouvrage d’Adrien Dubois, spécialiste de l’histoire de la justice, est de montrer la réalité de violences féminines au Moyen Âge. L’auteur y parvient sans difficulté, ce qui fait de son livre une réussite. Ces violences peuvent dans certains cas être perçues comme légitimes et ne sont pas nécessairement considérées comme « anormales » par les hommes qui rédigent les sources mobilisées par l’auteur. Des femmes, présentes dans l’espace public, frappent, insultent et menacent ...

  19. HÉNAUX, Victor. De l’amour des femmes pour les sots / Queda que as mulheres têm para os tolos. Tradução de Machado de Assis. Edição Bilíngue. Organização: Ana Cláudia Suriani da Silva e Eliane Fernanda Cunha Ferreira. Campinas: Editora Unicamp. 2008.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kall Lyws Barroso Sales

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2015v35n1p313   Em 2008, em comemoração ao centenário de Machado, as professoras Ana Cláudia Suriani da Silva e Eliane Fernanda Cunha Ferreira retomam as discussões sobre autoria, plágio e tradução, propondo uma edição bilíngue na qual cotejam a obra de Hénaux, De l'amour des femmes pour les sots de 1858 e a tradução de Machado Queda que as mulheres têm para os tolos de 1861. Assim, esta resenha analisa a tradução de Machado de Assis, cuja autoria da obra, durante muito tempo, foi atríbuida ao escritor brasileiro.

  20. HÉNAUX, Victor. De l’amour des femmes pour les sots / Queda que as mulheres têm para os tolos. Tradução de Machado de Assis. Edição Bilíngue. Organização: Ana Cláudia Suriani da Silva e Eliane Fernanda Cunha Ferreira. Campinas: Editora Unicamp. 2008.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kall Lyws Barroso Sales

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Em 2008, em comemoração ao centenário de Machado, as professoras Ana Cláudia Suriani da Silva e Eliane Fernanda Cunha Ferreira retomam as discussões sobre autoria, plágio e tradução, propondo uma edição bilíngue na qual cotejam a obra de Hénaux, De l'amour des femmes pour les sots de 1858 e a tradução de Machado Queda que as mulheres têm para os tolos de 1861. Assim, esta resenha analisa a tradução de Machado de Assis, cuja autoria da obra, durante muito tempo, foi atríbuida ao escritor brasileiro.

  1. Spatial analysis of homicides in South East Brazil: An assessment of differential risk between men, women, and the youth / Analyse des homicides dans la région du Sud-Est du Brésil : une évaluation des risques différentiels chez les hommes, les femmes et les jeunes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diniz Alves Alexandre Magno

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude se base sur une perspective géographique et analyse l’évolution dans l’espace et dans le temps des taux moyens de morts par homicide dans la région du Sud-Est du Brésil, entre 2001 et 2008, chez les hommes, les femmes, les jeunes entre 15 et 29 ans, et l’ensemble de la population. Les résultats mettent en évidence que ce phénomène touche de manière asymétrique les jeunes hommes, tandis que chez les femmes les taux moyens sont les plus bas. L’analyse dans l’espace a souligné qu’il existe des zones avec des taux d’homicide élevés et stabilisés dans le temps, comme les régions métropolitaines de Rio de Janeiro et Vitória. En revanche, l’étude a montré qu’entre les régions métropolitaines de Belo Horizonte (RMBH, Campinas et San Paolo, les dynamiques sont différentes. This study is based on a geographical perspective and explores the spatial and temporal evolution of average homicide rates in Southeast Brazil, between 2001 and 2008 for different subpopulations (male, female, youth, and total population. Results show that this phenomenon affects asymmetrically young males, while women have the lowest average rates. Spatial analysis pinpoints consolidated areas with high homicide rates, such as the metropolitan areas of Rio de Janeiro and Vitoria. On the other hand, different dynamics can be observed among the metropolitan areas of Belo Horizonte (BHMA, Campinas and Sao Paulo.

  2. Bone marrow scintigraphy. An aid to the diagnosis and prognosis of myelofibrosis. Scintigraphie medullaire. Apport pour le diagnostic et le pronostic des myelofibroses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rain, J.D.; Najean, Y. (Hopital Saint-Louis, 75 - Paris (France))

    1993-05-01

    During the last three years 77 patients with myelofibrosis were studied by scintigraphy, using 99m Tc colloids and 111 in transferring as tracers. Low axial uptake of the colloids, extension of the indium uptake beyond the axis towards the knees and sometimes the ankles and elbows, and splenic indium uptake are valuable diagnostic criteria, particularly useful to exclude myelofibrosis associated with a malignant disorder. The clinical severity of the disease, and in particular the disappearance of physiologically active bone marrow (indium uptake) can be predicted from isotopic studies. Bone marrow scintigraphy could contribute to the difficult decision of splenectomy.

  3. Arundhati Roy, a One-woman Dissident Force against the Instant-Mix Imperial Democracy Arundhati Roy, la force d’une seule femme face à la démocratie impériale prête à l’emploi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geetha Ganapathy-Doré

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Mieux connu pour son roman Le Dieu des petits riens qui a ébloui le monde anglophone par son style novateur et choqué les lecteurs indiens en mettant en scène l’amour entre une femme de haute caste et un paria, Arundhati Roy est une écrivaine engagée qui dénonce les dérives pronucléaires et néolibérales du gouvernement indien et mène une lutte contre la mondialisation capitaliste là où elle se manifeste. Les essais polémiques que Roy a écrits après les attentats du 11 septembre s’attaquent de façon virulente à l’impérialisme américain. Elle déconstruit l’Empire en exposant les piliers invisibles de son architecture et en décodant sa rhétorique. Elle en analyse les  présupposés éthiques, les rouages économiques, la pénétration culturelle et les implications juridiques afin de définir les stratégies de résistance pour réaffirmer les valeurs de la dignité humaine, de la justice sociale et de la paix. Dans le projet d’assiéger l’Empire, elle est appuyée par des dissidents célèbres tels que Noam Chomsky, Howard Zinn, Amy Goodman et d’autres.

  4. Impact Assessment Study on the Living Conditions of Women and Children, Haïti Etude de l’impact d'une catastrophe sur les conditions de vie des femmes et des enfants, Haïtï Evaluación del impacto en las condiciones de vida de mujeres y niños, Haití

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory Bulit

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In response to the earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 January 2010, Solidarités International (SI provided urgent basic services of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in over 52 Internally Displaced Peoples (IDP Sites, and played a vital role in preventing the spread of the cholera outbreak in October of that same year and improving medical care for people affected by the epidemic and to reduce risks of further propagation. Solidarités International’s engagement has been further expanded to other programs, including assistance for the return of displaced communities to their original neighborhoods. The daily living conditions and responsibilities of women subject many of them and their children to risks during various phases of a disaster. Women and children are most at risk and suffer the greatest in disaster situations. The present article discusses the impacts of the disaster on women and children, and the impact of SI’s programs. It also aims to identify some of the response gaps and mistakes attributed to SI and other humanitarian actors due to the lack of gender sensitive approach.Suite au séisme qui a frappé Haiti le 12 janvier 2010, Solidarités International (SI a mis en place des services d'urgence de base en matière d'eau, d'assainissement et d'hygiène dans plus de 52 sites de déplacés. L’association d’aide humanitaire a également joué un rôle primordial dans la prévention du choléra en octobre 2010 et dans l’amélioration des soins médicaux prodigués aux personnes touchées par l’épidémie, réduisant les risques de propagation de la maladie. Solidarités International a aussi lancé de nombreuses autres initiatives, notamment l’aide au retour des populations déplacées dans leurs quartiers d’origine. Les conditions de vie quotidiennes et les responsabilités des femmes exposent bon nombre d’entre elles et leurs enfants à divers risques au cours des différentes phases d’une catastrophe, les femmes et

  5. Surrogacy: blessing or curse to poor society in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkatashivareddy B

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The advances of childbirth in the form of test tube babies and surrogate have introduced undreamt possibilities. The reproductive tourism in India is enhancing. Globally, India is one of the popular providers of surrogates and commercial surrogacy is legalized. Moreover, the cost is a mere one third of the cost in developing countries. Surrogacy raises ethical issues like medical advocacy and consent. Many social factors like unemployment, literacy, and others play a key role in surrogacy. Surrogacy is a public health problem related not only to the medical burden but also to sex ratio deterioration, female feticide, domestic violence, and others.

  6. Geo-engineering: a curse or a blessing?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wissenburg, M.L.J.

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, geo-engineering has been suggested as a viable strategy in dealing with climate change, the main indicator of what has become known as ‘the Anthropocene’. In this paper, I investigate the effects of geo-engineering in terms of freedom – not the only but perhaps the most important

  7. EC initiatives promise mixed blessings: a Belgian utility perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fraix, J.

    1992-01-01

    The potential effects on nuclear power of European Community initiatives are analysed from the viewpoint of a Belgian utility. The initiatives fall under the three broad headings of: East-West co-operation; completing the internal market; and carbon dioxide emission. (Author)

  8. Are 'Village Doctors' in Bangladesh a curse or a blessing?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahed Tania

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bangladesh is one of the health workforce crisis countries in the world. In the face of an acute shortage of trained professionals, ensuring healthcare for a population of 150 million remains a major challenge for the nation. To understand the issues related to shortage of health workforce and healthcare provision, this paper investigates the role of various healthcare providers in provision of health services in Chakaria, a remote rural area in Bangladesh. Methods Data were collected through a survey carried out during February 2007 among 1,000 randomly selected households from 8 unions of Chakaria Upazila. Information on health-seeking behaviour was collected from 1 randomly chosen member of a household from those who fell sick during 14 days preceding the survey. Results Around 44% of the villagers suffered from an illness during 14 days preceding the survey and of them 47% sought treatment for their ailment. 65% patients consulted Village Doctors and for 67% patients Village Doctors were the first line of care. Consultation with MBBS doctors was low at 14%. Given the morbidity level observed during the survey it was calculated that 250 physicians would be needed in Chakaria if the patients were to be attended by a qualified physician. Conclusions With the current shortage of physicians and level of production in the country it was asserted that it is very unlikely for Bangladesh to have adequate number of physicians in the near future. Thus, making use of existing healthcare providers, such as Village Doctors, could be considered a realistic option in dealing with the prevailing crisis.

  9. Blessings, Banes, and Possibilities in the Study of Childhood Personality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Brent W.

    2005-01-01

    In this commentary I make three points. First, the four articles presented in this special issue are critical examples of the viability and importance of the idea of childhood personality. Second, I identify several concerns, including the narrow scope of the study of childhood personality, the lack of focus on environmental factors that might…

  10. Called to do meaningful work : A blessing or a curse?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Vuuren, Hubrecht A.

    2017-01-01

    Two groups of people are particularly inclined to mention a calling when talking about their work motivation: those who are spiritual (because the concept of calling originated in the religious realm) and those in serving occupations (such as hospitals, schools, and nongovernmental organizations).

  11. Digital Sport Medical Record: Sigh or a blessing?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stege, J.P.; Fleuren, M.A.H.; van der Knaap, E.T.W.; Stubbe, J.H.

    2013-01-01

    Since 2004, there have been several initiatives regarding the development of a digital Sport Medical Record (SMD). Interviews with the Netherlands Association of Sports Medicine (VSG) show that there are particular problems with commissioning of the digital SMD. During spring 2012, two focus group

  12. The blessing effect of an extra copy of chromosome 21

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Solaf M. Elsayed

    2014-02-25

    Feb 25, 2014 ... mented in neuroblastoma: The S-100b protein (encoded by a chromosome ... the growth and induce death of human and murine neuroblas- toma cell lines [3 .... et al. A lack of neuroblastoma in Down syndrome: a study from.

  13. Kurt Vonnegut's Fantasy Strategy in God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater

    OpenAIRE

    Nitta, Reiko

    2015-01-01

    カート・ヴォネガットの大きな魅力は、通俗的要素で読者を楽しませ、豊かな人間性を提示しながらも、真面目な小説に不可欠な鋭い人間洞察や痛烈な社会批判を提供していることである。代表作『スローターハウス・ファイブ』では、ドレスデン空襲という戦争体験をSFというファンタジー要素を用いて描くことで、この目的を果たしているが、この作品に先立つ1965年に発表された『ローズウォーターさんに神様のお恵みを』でも、アメリカ資本主義というリアリスティックな題材がファンタジー設定で扱われ、同様の効果を挙げている。ヴォネガットがファンタジーを利用する場面には、認知心理学が「不協和理論」によって説明する心理が作用している。これは、どうしても受け入れがたい、認知的不協和をもたらす事態に遭遇すると、人は「認知的不協和の軽減」のために途方もない「嘘」を受け入れる傾向がある、というものである。たとえば『スローターハウス・ファイブ』では、無辜の犠牲者を大量に出す悲惨なドレスデン空襲に対し、主人公ビリー・ピルグリムは「認知的不協和の軽減」のために、ある時間帯では死んだように見える人も、他の時間帯では生きていると信じさせ...

  14. Building technology. Curse or blessing?; Woontechnologie. Vloek of zegen?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Puts, H. [Universiteit Utrecht, Utrecht (Netherlands); Vringer, K. [Milieu- en Natuurplanbureau MNP, RIVM, Bilthoven (Netherlands); Hekkert, M. [Departement Innovatie- en Milieuwetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht, Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2003-11-01

    A brief overview is given of the effects of intelligent building technology (domotics) on energy consumption. [Dutch] Een kort overzicht wordt gegeven van de effecten van het gebruik van intelligente woontechnologie (domotica) op het energieverbruik.

  15. Thiomers: A Blessing to Evaluating Era of Pharmaceuticals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Hanif

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Thiomers are the polymers modified for the mucoadhesive properties and other additive properties by incorporating thiol moieties in the backbone of the unmodified polymeric chain by substitution reactions or simple oxidation reactions. Drugs that are less soluble and permeable can be complexed with thiomers for their increased absorption through the mucosal membranes by increase in contact time and prolonged stay in body due to mucoadhesion. Immobilization of thiol group therefore increases the mucoadhesive properties of the modified polymer by 2–140-folds. The prepared thiomers are characterized and made stable by different techniques. Thiomers also give the controlled delivery of the active pharmaceutical ingredients in the body. Different polymers that are modified by thiolation are chitosan, polyacrylic acid, sodium alginate, sodium carboxy methyl cellulose, guar gum, and so forth. Thiomeric formulations are a challenge to deliver drugs with low therapeutic compatibility. Micro- and nanopreparations containing thiomers can be prepared by different techniques such as covalent crosslinking, in situ gelation, radical emulsion polymerization, and emulsification. Nowadays thiomers have wide range of applications as a promising pharmaceutical excipient in the evaluating era of pharmaceutical technology.

  16. Paracetamol (acetaminophen): a blessing or a hidden curse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehouse, M W; Butters, D E

    2014-02-01

    This Journal has recently published a splendid review of all you need to know about paracetamol (Graham et al. 2013), an analgesic widely used in the long-term management of arthritis. It clearly presents the science and hard facts. This commentary, by contrast, discusses some aspects of the metapharmacology of paracetamol; particularly by asking questions of how we might extract more benefit and suffer less adverse reactions when using this analgesic in the context of non-transient inflammation. As both a drug and a toxin, paracetamol exemplifies how beneficial and/or deleterious responses may be conditioned by circumstances (disease stress, nutritional status, fasting, etc.).

  17. The Growing Accountability Agenda: Progress or Mixed Blessing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmi, Jamil

    2009-01-01

    In the past decade, accountability has become a major concern in most parts of the world. Governments, parliaments and the public are increasingly asking universities to justify the use of public resources and account more thoroughly for their teaching and research results. Is this a favourable development for tertiary education? Or is there too…

  18. FDA regulation of tobacco: blessing or curse for FDA professionals?

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Reilly, James T

    2009-01-01

    Upwards of 400,000 Americans will die that year from the effects of cigarettes, which FDA will now "regulate" very gently, with its hands tied by a slick statutory protection for the largest existing tobacco marketers. Career FDA professionals will be criticized as enablers of mega-marketers' continued sales, working at the margins, arranging the paperwork for protection of megafirms' market share, and sitting by as the deaths and addictive behaviors continue. "Join the Public Health Service, inspired by a public health mission," they were told, and yet they will be unable to do much regulating of the addictive and fatal products for which they now have titular responsibility. This essay observes that these fine FDA professionals are handed the sticky remains of a messy bargain, negotiated in a distracted Congress by expensive lawyers with clients who were potent contributors to political action committees. The only formula that is not secret about the 2009 law is the way in which industry purchased sufficient allegiance to gather the votes for its adoption. The remaining mystery is how FDA could be expected to do these tasks without losing its best and brightest professionals to other fields.

  19. Blessing of randomness against the curse of dimensionality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kucheryavskiy, Sergey V.

    2018-01-01

    Modern hyperspectral images, especially acquired in remote sensing and from on‐field measurements, can easily contain from hundreds of thousands to several millions of pixels. This often leads to a quite long computational time when, eg, the images are decomposed by Principal Component Analysis (...

  20. Technology in Health care - Blessing or curse? | Jeiros | South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper looks at technology and health care in terms of processes (here defined as goal-related, autonomous and selfregulated arrangement of actions) and their interactions. Using this approach, technology is considered to be the quality of the processes we are trying to achieve. However, health care and the life ...

  1. Protein degradation pathways in Parkinson's disease: curse or blessing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebrahimi-Fakhari, Darius; Wahlster, Lara; McLean, Pamela J

    2012-08-01

    Protein misfolding, aggregation and deposition are common disease mechanisms in many neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease (PD). Accumulation of damaged or abnormally modified proteins may lead to perturbed cellular function and eventually to cell death. Thus, neurons rely on elaborated pathways of protein quality control and removal to maintain intracellular protein homeostasis. Molecular chaperones, the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and the autophagy-lysosomal pathway (ALP) are critical pathways that mediate the refolding or removal of abnormal proteins. The successive failure of these protein degradation pathways, as a cause or consequence of early pathological alterations in vulnerable neurons at risk, may present a key step in the pathological cascade that leads to spreading neurodegeneration. A growing number of studies in disease models and patients have implicated dysfunction of the UPS and ALP in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease and related disorders. Deciphering the exact mechanism by which the different proteolytic systems contribute to the elimination of pathogenic proteins, like α-synuclein, is therefore of paramount importance. We herein review the role of protein degradation pathways in Parkinson's disease and elaborate on the different contributions of the UPS and the ALP to the clearance of altered proteins. We examine the interplay between different degradation pathways and provide a model for the role of the UPS and ALP in the evolution and progression of α-synuclein pathology. With regards to exciting recent studies we also discuss the putative potential of using protein degradation pathways as novel therapeutic targets in Parkinson's disease.

  2. Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights – Blessing or Curse? A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    adhesion of Mauritius to the World Trade Organisation (WTO). It examines the harsh response of the law enforcement institutions and the heavy price that weaker and more vulnerable people have had to pay and queries whether Mauritius implemented the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights agreement ...

  3. Gardens Blessed By Grey Drops | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-12-10

    Dec 10, 2010 ... In a country where Muslims wash five times a day for prayer, Yemen has ... the mosque and the neighbourhood with water leading to social tensions. ... In the early 1990s, the global news media became entranced by a small ...

  4. Gardens Blessed By Grey Drops | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2010-12-10

    Dec 10, 2010 ... ... Yemen and the gardens have suffered much dryness and garbage pollution. ... The government would provide the funding while INWRDAM would ... of renewable and non-renewable resources as a way to reduce poverty.

  5. Blessed Oblivion? Knowledge and Metacognitive Accuracy in Online Social Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moll, Ricarda; Pieschl, Stephanie; Bromme, Rainer

    2015-01-01

    In order to reap the social gratifications of Online Social Networks (OSNs), users often disclose self-related information, making them potentially vulnerable to their online audiences. We give a brief overview of our theoretical ideas and empirical research about additional cognitive and metacognitive factors relevant for the perception of risk…

  6. Government Funding to the NGOs: A Blessing or a Curse?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tahir Mahmood Ali

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The impacts of the government funding on the NGOs in terms of advantages and disadvantages has received mixed response from the scholars. This study attempts to review the promises and perils of government funding on the NGOs and aims to gather the scattered knowledge from literature at one place. Literature review was carried out for the relevant studies. Using the inclusion/exclusion criteria established for this article, 31 studies were finally selected for review. Using thematic analysis approach, 5 main themes regarding government funding impacts on NGOs were extracted from the reviewed 31 studies. The themes are institutional theory and Isomorphism, accountability, loss of autonomy, mission drift and crowding out. Some scholars and studies linked these themes with underperformance while others linked them with stability of the NGOs. Definite results are hard to draw to determine the impacts of government funding on NGOs and in fact these impacts depend upon a number of factors such as, age, size, sector, demography, political, economic and social environments of an NGO.

  7. The girl child: a blessing or an abomination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olunloyo, S

    1993-01-01

    In Nigeria, the preference for sons may not be blatant as in China, but it exists nonetheless. Every Nigerian father, whether rich or poor, desires a male child. Women are in tears at their first birth, if the child is a girl, because of the fear of rejection and disappointment by the husband. Mothers are blamed for producing girls, even by those who know that a father's chromosomes determine the sex of the child. Fertility and marriage are already highly charged issues in Nigeria, without adding sex preference. In Nigeria, sex preference goes back to inheritance laws that restricted transfer of property and wealth to males. Sex preference has not kept pace with societal changes because of posterity; the desire for a son to carry on the family name and guarantee fathers pseudo-immortality. Even professionals are not insulated from family and community pressures. The general acceptance among educated classes is that a daughter is as good as a son, but sons are still preferred. Uneducated fathers believe that the son will be better able to find work in order to help the family unit. Another uneducated woman, who performs female circumcision, believes that promiscuity will be avoided by circumcision, and sons will bring mothers support in old age. In Nigeria, there are still places where girls are married off at the age of 9 years to old men, and sexually transmitted diseases are high among adolescents. Young girls may die in childbirth or in botched abortions. There are those proposing legislation to protect girls, at the same time as there are those who believe that sex preference is the choice of parents.

  8. Uranium mining on Indian lands: blessing or curse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bregman, S.E.

    1982-01-01

    Uranium development has provided higher income and employment levels for the Laguna Indians. However, related health and social problems and environmental degradation have increased as well, and are still being felt even after the mining operation was recently shut down because of falling demand. Problems discussed include lung disease, radiation hazards, water pollution and reclamation

  9. Fatty acid consumption and incident type 2 diabetes: an 18-year follow-up in the female E3N (Etude Epidémiologique auprès des femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de l'Education Nationale) prospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dow, Courtney; Mangin, Marie; Balkau, Beverley; Affret, Aurélie; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine; Clavel-Chapelon, Françoise; Bonnet, Fabrice; Fagherazzi, Guy

    2016-11-15

    We evaluated the association between dietary estimates of fatty acid (FA) consumption and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk in the French E3N (Etude Epidémiologique auprès des femmes de la Mutuelle Générale de l'Education Nationale) cohort. In total, 71 334 women without diabetes at baseline were followed up from 1993 to 2011. Diabetes was identified using questionnaires and drug-reimbursement claims, and incident cases were validated. FA consumption in 1993 was estimated from a validated dietary questionnaire. Cox regression estimated hazard ratios (HR) and 95 % CI of diabetes risk, comparing the upper tertile group with the lowest. High n-3 PUFA consumption was associated with T2D even after adjustment for confounders, including other FA and BMI (HR 1·26; 95 % CI 1·13, 1·41; upper tertile compared with lowest). Upon stratification by overweight (BMI≥25 kg/m2)/non-overweight, a positive association between total PUFA consumption and T2D was observed, but it was restricted to non-overweight women (HR 1·22; 95 % CI 1·05, 1·42), whereas n-3 PUFA consumption was associated with increased T2D risk in both BMI strata (BMI<25 kg/m2: HR 1·19; 95 % CI 1·01, 1·40 and BMI≥25 kg/m2: HR 1·38; 95 % CI 1·20, 1·59). Within the n-3 PUFA, high DPA (HR 1·41; 95 % CI 1·23, 1·63) and α-linolenic acid (ALA) intakes were associated with increased T2D risk, but the effects of ALA were restricted to overweight women (HR 1·17; 95 % CI 1·01, 1·36). Within the n-6 PUFA, only arachidonic acid (AA) intake was associated with T2D risk (HR 1·49; 95 % CI 1·33, 1·66). The associations with DPA and AA persisted even after adjustment of their principal source in this cohort, the consumption of meat. The effects of PUFA are heterogeneous within the FA group. Intake of DPA and AA may contribute to T2D development.

  10. « Il faut qu’un party se sente bien faible quand il accepte et qu’il recherche de tels appuis ». Femmes, jansénisme et publicité à Paris au xviiie siècle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Lyon-Caen

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Le jansénisme devient, au siècle des Lumières, une déviance publique et donnée à voir à travers les lieux de la Ville. La présence féminine est évidente mais varie selon lessources car l’influence féminine n’est pas simplement tacite, mais constitue bel et bien un droit reconnu et sanctionné par des usages. Les institutions urbaines d’ancien régime sont cependant résolument masculines et l’impuissance des femmes réside plutôt dans leur extériorité au langage de celles-ci, sans que cela les empêche de faire « comme les hommes ». Mais leur investissement effectif dans la cause janséniste pose de manière récurrente, et insoluble, la question de leur rôle politique dans une société de plus en plus travaillée par le problème de la représentation.Contrary to the idea that associates religious deviance or minority with secrecy, Jansenism offers a different case study. During the eighteenth century Jansenists made their deviance public throughout the city of Paris, the major manifestation of which being the pilgrimage to the tomb of Deacon François de Pâris. Even though women participated to the movement, different sources give little evidence, as female influence was not simply tacit, but indeed constituted a right acknowledged by uses. Yet, urban institutions membership was resolutely male, the impotence of women, in that case, can be explained by their being foreign to the discourse of municipal bodies, which did not prevent them from acting “like men”. Therefore, the effective female investment in the Jansenist cause regularly posed the insoluble problem of their political role in a society in which the issue of representation became crucial.

  11. La participation des femmes dans le conflit interne armé au Pérou durant la période 1980-2000 The Participation of Women in Peru’s Internal Armed Conflict during the 1980-2000 Period La participación de las mujeres en el conflicto armado peruano durante 1980-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Silva Santisteban

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Entre 1980 et 2000, le Pérou a vécu un conflit interne armé qui s’est soldé par un nombre de victimes sans précédent dans l’histoire de l’Amérique latine. Les protagonistes de la lutte armée furent aussi bien des collectifs subversifs (PCP-SL et MRTA que l’Armée et la Police ainsi que la population paysanne organisée en milices (rondes paysannes. Les conséquences furent évidemment dramatiques puisqu’en plus des nombreuses pertes humaines qu’il faut déplorer se combinait la tragique désagrégation du lien social. Les femmes qui participèrent directement ou indirectement au conflit, si elles ne sont pas aujourd’hui décédées, portent les stigmates des affrontements : cicatrices, viols, grossesses non désirées, stress post-traumatique. Il s’agit ici des victimes des deux camps, mais aussi de celles qui se sont converties en agent de la justice pour récupérer leurs proches, leurs époux et leurs fils, formant ainsi les premiers collectifs de revendication des droits de l’homme. Cependant, celles qui ont bénéficié de la reconnaissance médiatique sont sans nul doute celles qui ont perpétré les crimes : les femmes qui ont pris les armes comme militantes, combattantes ou comme membres des forces de l’ordre.Between 1980 and 2000, Peru experienced an internal armed conflict that resulted in victims in numbers unprecedented in the history of Latin America. The protagonists of the armed struggle included the subversive collectives (PCP-SL and MRTA, as much as the army, the police and the rural militias («ronde paysanne».  The consequences were dramatic in that the sheer human losses were compounded by a tragic unraveling of the social fabric. Women who participated directly or indirectly in the conflict – if they still live – bear the stigmata of their experience:  scars, rape, post-traumatic stress. Here, we consider the victims of both camps, but also those women who became justice agents making

  12. Appuyer le leadership des femmes dans les sciences, la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    innovation grâce à des bourses de début de carrière (2017-2021). Un programme de bourses de 15 millions CAD soutenant la recherche de pointe, et financé conjointement par la Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency et le CRDI, ...

  13. prevalence de l\\' endometriose en laparoscopie chez les femmes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Married women constituted the majority of our sample with a relative majority of 64.98% compared to those unmarried. We noted that 72.94% of our patients presented with secondary infertility. Endometriosis was found in 13.53% of patients operated upon. The most frequent site of endometriotic implantation was ovarian in ...

  14. Portage vaginal du streptocoque du groupe B chez la femme ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: le streptocoque du groupe B est le principal agent impliqué dans les infections materno-fœtales, les septicémies et les méningites du nouveau-né à terme. L'objectif est de déterminer le taux de portage maternel du streptocoque du groupe B (SGB) à terme. Méthodes: un prélèvement vaginal a été réalisé de ...

  15. La cause des femmes cubaines (1900-1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Gay-Sylvestre

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Historia de las organizaciones femeninas que han marcado la primera mitad del siglo XX en Cuba y que han transformado las mentalidades. Aparición de las grandes figuras femeninas cubanas y su lucha por la elaboración de un estatuto jurídico, político y económico que favoreciera a sus colegas y por la obtención del derecho al voto para todas las cubanas. La promulgación de la constitución de 1940, atalaya de las ideas progresistas, representa un momento crucial y decisivo que da inicio a las sucesivas transformaciones. En 1946, el nacimiento de la Federación Democrática de las Mujeres Cubanas supone una verdadera ruptura con los movimientos anteriores. This article analyses the history of the women’s organisations that have marked the first half of the twentieth century in Cuba and have transformed people’s mindset. The major figures of Cuban women struggle to get an economic, political and legal statute favouring their co-sisters and to extend voting rights to all Cuban women. The promulgation of the 1940 Constitution, a beacon of progressive ideas, represents a crucial turning point that paves the way for later changes. In 1946, the creation of the Democratic Federation of Cuban Women was a major breakthrough if compared to previous movements.

  16. Les femmes arabes toujours en lutte pour leurs droits | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    29 janv. 2013 ... Les responsables de la campagne ont révélé au grand jour les répercussions, sur le plan personnel, des lois sur la nationalité discriminatoires en produisant trois documentaires – My Child the Foreigner, My Lebanon et All for the Nation — et en organisant des manifestations à l'échelle de la région.

  17. Une affaire de femmes : la chanson comique en France

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isbelle Marc

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available French female artists over the last century, including Yvette Guibert, Brigitte Fontaine, Colette Renard and Clarika, among many others, have successfully used different forms of humour in their songs. This article aims to study how feminine humour is created in the French chanson and how it evolves throughout time. Considering humour both as a means and as a consequence of feminine agency, it will explore symbolic and aesthetic issues related to humoristic chanson as regard to the creation of feminine identity in the French context. For that purpose, it will first address the specificities of the relation between women and music and between women and humour. Then, it will analyse several representative songs in this respect, such as Fais-moi mal, Johnny by Magali Noël, Déshabillez-moi by Juliette Gréco and Les crêpes aux champignons by Olivia Ruiz, among others. Drawing from these examples, humour will be regarded both as a means and as a consequence of feminine agency.

  18. Participation des jeunes femmes à la vie politique en Tunisie ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Imagining the Political : Young Women, Participation and the Crafting of the Political in Egypt. IDRC's Women's Rights and Citizenship (WRC) program initiative is supporting a body of comparative research on whether and how democracy and governance institutions are responding to... View moreImagining the Political ...

  19. Les femmes se tournent vers les arbres fourragers pour engraisser ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    12 févr. 2018 ... Photo : CRDI / Bartay Au Mali, les moutons sont associés à des rites de passage traditionnels et à des fêtes religieuses, mais ils sont aussi une source importante de revenus. Toutefois, la disponibilité et le coût des aliments constituent une contrainte majeure en matière de production ovine, surtout en ...

  20. Décentralisation,pouvoir local et droits des femmes

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    user

    transfert de compétences aux collectivités locales, la loi 96-09 ... dans trois dispositions à propos des organes des collectivités locales que le. Code fait allusion aux ... les élus locaux, Les secteurs cibles d'intervention prioritaires sont l'accès ...

  1. Profil Des Hormones Thyroidiennes Chez Les Femmes Enceintes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pour chaque patiente, selon un protocole préétabli, on recueillait les données cliniques et Gynéco-Obstétrique avec l\\'âge de la grossesse, et on faisait un prélèvement sanguin en vu du dosage des hormones thyroïdiennes (thyroïde T4 et triiodothyronine T3) et de la thyréostimuline hypophysaire (TSH). La lecture des ...

  2. Les femmes du Sahel obtiennent de meilleurs rendements de leurs ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    7 juin 2016 ... L'indice de la faim dans le monde 2013 met en évidence la fragilité de la ... une meilleure méthode de collecte des eaux de pluie, les agriculteurs ont observé ... acheter des engrais et des semences de bonne qualité à crédit.

  3. Participation des jeunes femmes à la vie politique au Soudan ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Outputs. Reports. Impact of quota on candidates : beyond numbers. Reports. Women in political parties' structures : the quota types discourse. Reports. Quota in Sudanese electoral law : achievements or challenges and lessons learned. Reports. Quota debate : research finding report; annex II ...

  4. Le microdosage des engrais, une innovation qui profite aux femmes

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    non seulement une diminution de leurs revenus, mais doivent aussi composer avec une pénurie chronique de céréales. Au Niger, par exemple, 2,5 millions de personnes ont eu besoin d'une aide alimentaire en 2005, par suite d'une grave sécheresse (PAM, 2010). Cette situation s'est reproduite en 2010, la mauvaise.

  5. Les sages-femmes en France : Rapport de recherche

    OpenAIRE

    Charrier, Philippe

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to understand why midwives generally feel relegated, unknown and unrecognized. This profession has going through profound changes over the last 20 years who questioned and reconfigured both professional identity and mission of the midwife. After researches on men in this profession, the author conducted a questionnaire survey among more than 800 midwives spread over 4 regions, to better understand the sociological issues across this profession. It appears that ...

  6. pour les femmes et les enfants vulnérables

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    santé et mettre au point des services de soins de santé primaires accessibles ...... et des attentes des personnes (réformes au chapitre de la prestation des ..... la perception des recettes, la mise en commun des fonds, et la prestation ou ...... locale de médicaments,109 et la migration des travailleurs de la santé des pays du ...

  7. « Une femme en Côte d’Ivoire, une femme au Burkina Faso »

    OpenAIRE

    Ruf, François

    2016-01-01

    La Côte d’Ivoire, dans sa diversité de régions de forêt et de savane, et le Burkina Faso sont historiquement liés dans la construction de l’économie de plantation villageoise ivoirienne, fondée sur le binôme « café/cacao ». La terre de la première a toujours eu besoin du travail des habitants du second. Cette rencontre entre terre et travail a pu se réaliser avec peu de capital et sans capitalistes dans la sphère de production. Les familles d’origine ivoirienne et burkinabé, en majorité des m...

  8. La mediazione familiare nei casi di affido dei figli/e e violenza domestica: contesto legale, pratiche dei servizi ed esperienze delle donne in Italia / Family mediation in child custody cases and domestic violence: legal context, logic of services and women's experiences in Italy / La médiation familiale dans les cas de garde d’enfants et la violence conjugale : le contexte juridique, les pratiques au sein des services et les expériences des femmes en Italie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariachiara Feresin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available L’applicabilità della mediazione familiare in contesto di violenza domestica (VD è oggetto di discussione. Scopo della ricerca è esplorare il ruolo della mediazione familiare nella gestione degli affidi dei figli in situazione di VD, analizzando le esperienze, conoscenze e significati di differenti attori sociali, quali avvocati, assistenti sociali e donne separate con figli, vittime di VD, e la documentazione inerente. I risultati mostrano che la VD viene occultata durante la mediazione. I professionisti spesso ignorano la VD e di conseguenza applicano la mediazione; ex-coniugi e genitori vengono presentati come distinti; i pattern di potere e controllo agiti dal partner violento durante la relazione continuano in queste occasioni. La mediazione, che dovrebbe essere centrata sul miglior interesse del bambino, si focalizza sul miglior interesse dei padri. I professionisti non conoscono la Convenzione di Istanbul. La sicurezza di donne e bambini/e viene messa a rischio. Le recours à la médiation familiale dans le domaine de la violence conjugale (VC fait l’objet de débats. Cette recherche a pour but d’examiner le rôle de la médiation familiale dans les cas de garde d’enfants en situation de VC, analysant les expériences, les connaissances, les valeurs de différents acteurs sociaux (par exemple, avocats, travailleurs sociaux, femmes séparées avec enfants, victimes de VC ainsi que des documents ad hoc. Les résultats montrent que la VC est dissimulée pendant la médiation. Les professionnels souvent ignorent la VC et par conséquent utilisent la médiation ; ex-conjoints et parents sont par ailleurs présentés sous la forme de deux entités distinctes ; les modèles de pouvoir et de contrôle appliqués par le conjoint violent dans la vie familiale continuent d’être utilisés durant ces occasions. La médiation, qui devrait protéger avant tout l'intérêt de l'enfant, s’adresse au contraire à l’intérêt des p

  9. La Mise en Oeuvre et les Mutations d’un Problème Public: Les Violences Faites aux Femmes dans le Canton de Genève (Implementation and Mutations of a Public Problem: Violence Against Women in the Canton of Geneva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Roca i Escoda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Violence against women (VAW has become an issue for public action and a subject of controversy and debate in the public arena. The occurrences of VAW are - at least in part - reported by public authorities and public policies are designed to combat it, by means of prevention campaigns, setting up of shelters or counselling services. All these measures bring together a range of institutional and non-institutional actors. VAW is furthermore the focus of specific laws, but we know little about the emergence of the regulation of VAW in Switzerland. In this article, we will present preliminary results of the developpment of policies adressing domestic violence in the canton of Geneva, focusing on the political arena and analysing the definitional work done by two associations. These case studies show that the concept of gender violence has been marginalized and replaced by a new understanding of the phenomenon of gender violence, which is presented most often in a symmetrical, psychological and racialized way. Les violences faites aux femmes font l'objet de débats et de controverses et sont désormais un problème public qui réunit une pluralité d'acteurs institutionnels et non institutionnels. Outre diverses législations en la matière, de multiples actions et politiques publiques ont été élaborées dans des contextes variés, sous forme de campagnes de prévention, de création de refuges et de centres de conseils. Dans ce contexte, on ne sait que peu de choses de l'émergence de la régulation de ces violences en Suisse et des diverses formes qu'elle a prises. Cet article présente des résultats provisoires concernant la prise en charge des violences domestiques dans le canton de Genève, en se centrant sur la scène politique et en analysant le travail définitionnel effectué par deux associations hégémoniques dans le domaine. Ces études de cas permettent d'affirmer que le concept de violence de genre a été marginalisé et remplac

  10. “God bless thee! Thou art translated!”: On two Brazilian tempests “God bless thee! Thou art translated!”: On two Brazilian tempests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aimara da Cunha Resende

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available When attending a performance of a play of Shakespeare’s in countries such as Brazil, where the playwright is not part of national identity indicative of economic hegemony, one becomes aware of the possibilities his work opens to the most diverse readings and tends to think of Shakespeare as one among the many tokens of cultural identity that can be transposed and manipulated according to the needs of a certain socio-economic milieu at a certain moment and at a certain place. When attending a performance of a play of Shakespeare’s in countries such as Brazil, where the playwright is not part of national identity indicative of economic hegemony, one becomes aware of the possibilities his work opens to the most diverse readings and tends to think of Shakespeare as one among the many tokens of cultural identity that can be transposed and manipulated according to the needs of a certain socio-economic milieu at a certain moment and at a certain place.

  11. Interest of a treatment combined by radioimmunotherapy and Avastin 1 in a murine model of thyroid medullary carcinoma; Interet d'un traitement combine par radioimmunotherapie et Avastin1 dans un modele murin de carcinome medullaire de la thyroide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salaun, P.Y.; Bodet-Milin, C.; Paris, F.; Frampas, E.; Sai Maurel, C.; Faivre Chauvet, A.; Barbet, J.; Kraeber Bodere, F. [Unite Inserm U892, Brest, (France)

    2009-05-15

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency and the toxicity of the association radioimmunotherapy and bevacizumab on a murine model grafted by the human line T.T. of thyroid medullar cancer. After results it appears that in pretreatment, bevacizumab (Avastin) improves the efficiency of radioimmunotherapy without increasing the toxicity face the radioimmunotherapy alone. (N.C.)

  12. New experimental approach to treatment of radiation-induced bone marrow aplasia: ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic cells; Nouvelle approche experimentale du traitement de l`aplasie medullaire radio-induite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herodin, F.; Mathieu, J.; Drouet, M.; Grenier, N.; Grange, L.; Bourin, P.; Vetillard, J.; Thierry, D.; Mestries, J.C.

    1995-12-31

    The management of bone marrow aplasia secondary to accidental exposure to high doses of ionizing radiations requires new therapeutic protocols in addition to cytokine therapy. The in vitro incubation of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells from irradiated nonhuman primates with negative and positive regulators of hematopoiesis may lead to helpful products of transfusion. (author).

  13. Medullary aplasia secondary to an irradiation accident: Treatment options and evolution of the concepts; L'aplasie medullaire secondaire a un accident d'irradiation : options therapeutiques et evolution des concepts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Revel, T. [Service d' Hematologie, HIA Percy, et Service de Neurovirologie, Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France); Fagot, T.; Souleau, B. [Service d' Hematologie, HIA Percy, Clamart (France); Dormont, D. [Service de Neurovirologie, Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, Fontenay-aux-Roses (France); Nedellec, G. [Service d' Hematologie, HIA Percy, Clamart (France)

    2002-07-01

    Bone marrow grafting following accidental irradiation exposure should be viewed in the perspective of a severe myeloablative syndrome linked to high medullary damage for a dose range higher than 6-8 Gy, resulting in very late or no recovery. Prognosis will depend on the presence or absence of radio-combined injuries, the toxicity of the transplant procedure, and the risk of rejection induced by insufficient percritical immunosuppression. It is in this context that new cell therapy modalities, which combine enhanced peripheral hematopoietic cell engraftment and high immunosuppressive conditioning regimen with low extrahematological toxicity, inducing early and stable mixed lymphomyeloid chimerism with minimal morbidity, can be considered. Such an approach is being evaluated in the treatment of patients with hematological malignancies at high risk of transplant-related mortality using conventional bone marrow methods. (author)

  14. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vol 26, No 1 (2007), Predictive Validity And Usefulness Of Visual Scanning Task In .... Rhabdomyosarcome para vertebral : cause rare de compression medullaire ... Vol 32, No 2 (2013), Selective attention of students suffering from primary ...

  15. ‘Michel de Certeau. Le marcheur blessé’.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Dosse

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Quatrième de couverture. Jésuite et historien spécialiste du 17 e siècle et de la mystique, sociologue de la culture du quotidien, anthropologue, sémiologue et cofondateur de l'école lacanienne, Michel de Certeau est une figure singulière de l'histoire intellectuelle du 20 e siècle. Célébré par le tout-Paris lors de sa disparition en janvier 1986, il fut toute sa vie un franc-tireur. Position qui n'a sans doute pas permis de mesurer son apport au renouvellement des ...

  16. "Mixed Blessings": Parental Religiousness, Parenting, and Child Adjustment in Global Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornstein, Marc H.; Putnick, Diane L.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Bacchini, Dario; Bombi, Anna Silvia; Chang, Lei; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Di Giunta, Laura; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Malone, Patrick S.; Oburu, Paul; Pastorelli, Concetta; Skinner, Ann T.; Sorbring, Emma; Steinberg, Laurence; Tapanya, Sombat; Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe; Zelli, Arnaldo; Alampay, Liane Peña

    2017-01-01

    Background: Most studies of the effects of parental religiousness on parenting and child development focus on a particular religion or cultural group, which limits generalizations that can be made about the effects of parental religiousness on family life. Methods: We assessed the associations among parental religiousness, parenting, and…

  17. Perspectives of biomolecular NMR in drug discovery: the blessing and curse of versatility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jahnke, Wolfgang

    2007-01-01

    The versatility of NMR and its broad applicability to several stages in the drug discovery process is well known and generally considered one of the major strengths of NMR (Pellecchia et al., Nature Rev Drug Discov 1:211-219, 2002; Stockman and Dalvit, Prog Nucl Magn Reson Spectrosc 41:187-231, 2002; Lepre et al., Comb Chem High throughput screen 5:583-590, 2002; Wyss et al., Curr Opin Drug Discov Devel 5:630-647, 2002; Jahnke and Widmer, Cell Mol Life Sci 61:580-599, 2004; Huth et al., Methods Enzymol 394:549-571, 2005b; Klages et al., Mol Biosyst 2:318-332, 2006; Takeuchi and Wagner, Curr Opin Struct Biol 16:109-117, 2006; Zartler and Shapiro, Curr Pharm Des 12:3963-3972, 2006). Indeed, NMR is the only biophysical technique which can detect and quantify molecular interactions, and at the same time provide detailed structural information with atomic level resolution. NMR should therefore be ideally suited and widely requested as a tool for drug discovery research, and numerous examples of drug discovery projects which have substantially benefited from NMR contributions or were even driven by NMR have been described in the literature. However, not all pharmaceutical companies have rigorously implemented NMR as integral tool of their research processes. Some companies invest with limited resources, and others do not use biomolecular NMR at all. This discrepancy in assessing the value of a technology is striking, and calls for clarification-under which circumstances can NMR provide added value to the drug discovery process? What kind of contributions can NMR make, and how is it implemented and integrated for maximum impact? This perspectives article suggests key areas of impact for NMR, and a model of integrating NMR with other technologies to realize synergies and maximize their value for drug discovery

  18. Antecedents of individuals' interteam coordination: Broad functional experiences as a mixed blessing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, T.A. de; Walter, F.; Vegt, G.S. van der; Essens, P.J.M.D.

    2014-01-01

    This manuscript investigates the role of individual team members' breadth of functional experience for their interteam coordination behavior. Integrating personal construct and social identity theories, we examine interpersonal cognitive complexity as a mediating variable and organizational

  19. Natural resources and the spread of HIV/AIDS: Curse or blessing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterck, Olivier

    2016-02-01

    This paper answers two questions: "What impact have natural resources had on the spread of the HIV epidemic so far?" and "What role can natural resource rents play in order to finance the long-run response to HIV/AIDS?" Using a panel dataset covering 137 countries from 1990 until 2008, de Soysa and Gizelis (2013) provided evidence in Social Science & Medicine that oil-rich countries are more deeply affected by the HIV and TB epidemics. They concluded that government of resource-rich countries failed to implement effective public policies for dealing with the epidemics. In this paper, I show that their results are (1) not robust, (2) based on an inappropriate choice of dependent variable and (3) spurious because series are non-stationary. After correcting for these issues, I find no robust relationship between resource rents and the spread of HIV and TB. The paper concludes by emphasizing the potential of natural resources rents for financing the long-term liability brought about by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Impact of Energy Transition in Germany on the Nordic Power Market – A Blessing or Curse?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zakeri, Behnam; Syri, Sanna; Connolly, David

    2015-01-01

    integrate and harmonize regional markets towards a pan-European power market with a single pricing algorithm. The impacts of such power market couplings on the interconnected countries are complex, which concerns market participants in different levels, from consumers and producers to grid operators...... in such interconnected countries calls for a market-based multiregion energy system model. In this respect, this contribution analyses the impact of further VRE in Germany on the Nordic countries by proposing a new integrated energy system, power market model of the region. The results reveal the market-economic impact......The European energy policy emphasizes the establishment of EU-wide internal energy markets as a reliable solution in increasing the security of supply, optimal use of internal energy resources, and improved economic competitiveness. With respect to the power sector, the EU’s strategy is to further...

  1. Increasing natural resource rents from Farmland: A curse or a blessing for the rural poor?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvid, Anna

    2015-01-01

    as a diffuse resource with low economic value, this categorization may no longer be appropriate, because demand for land is currently on the rise, and may continue to increase in the future. This study presents and discusses recent theoretical and empirical approaches to analyzing the effects of high......-value agricultural land on rent seeking and rent distribution. Results suggest that the potential for small scale farmers to organize and obtain political power determines the extent of rent seeking and rent distribution, and that while more democratic institutions may increase the share of rents going...

  2. The image of the blessed monarch, the Holy King of Georgia David the Builder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efimov Vladimir Fedorovich

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the biography of the saint Georgian monarch, David the Builder, analyzes his actions, church, external and internal policy. Finally it draws a conclusion that all his life was dedicated to the service of God and neighbor. Thus, his life was a model of Christian Ministry, he occupied a responsible position in society.

  3. The blessings of energy efficiency in an enhanced EU sustainability scenario. Volume 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lechtenboehmer, Stefan

    2007-01-01

    Although the anticipated 'end of cheap oil' has boosted the interest in energy efficiency as a cornerstone of energy and climate strategies, it is usually taken into account on the basis of rather narrowly defined cost-benefit considerations. As a consequence, substantial ancillary benefits are usually barely considered.In a recent study for the European Parliament (EP), the authors assessed two enhanced climate strategies compared to a more conventional strategy. One enhanced climate policy scenario relies, in particular, on raising the annual pace of energy efficiency improvement. The other aims at a radical boost of the market share of renewable energy forms, which, however, presupposes an equally radical improvement of energy efficiency.The present article presents the scenario results and places them in the context of risk characterisation of the considered climate policy scenarios. Risks of international turmoil and energy price hikes could be reduced if dependency rates for fossil fuel imports went down. A more ambitious climate policy can also strengthen the EU position in post-Kyoto global climate agreements and a moderated need for emission trading can, for example, reduce conflicting pressures on clean technology transfer. On the other hand, the implementation of the efficiency strategy will entail increased domestic risks because it will involve a re-prioritisation of resource allocation and will thus affect the current distribution of wealth in both the energy sector and some other closely related sectors.The article outlines the main drivers behind the ambitious energy efficiency scenario and it attaches tentative price tags to the ancillary effects, with special emphasis on the above sketched swapping of risks. It will, therefore, strongly argue for a more holistic view, which underscores the need for political action and the benefits of such proactive policies in favour of energy efficiency

  4. Blessings Amina Akporhonor (P.hD), Prof Doris O. Bozimo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Library and Information Science ... The term 'record' derives its origin from the Latin word 'recorderi' meaning to be mindful of, or to ... supplements human memory and serves as guide for effective planning and decision ... records. The step available to protect and preserve records will vary depending on.

  5. Dissociating early- and late-selection processes in recall: the mixed blessing of categorized study lists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzel, Mehmet A; Higham, Philip A

    2013-07-01

    Two experiments are reported in which we used type-2 signal detection theory to separate the effects of semantic categorization on early- and late-selection processes in free and cued recall. In Experiment 1, participants studied cue-target pairs for which the targets belonged to two, six, or 24 semantic categories, and later the participants were required to recall the targets either with (cued recall) or without (free recall) the studied cues. A confidence rating and a report decision were also required, so that we could compute both forced-report quantity and metacognitive resolution (type-2 discrimination), which served as our estimates of early- and late-selection processes, respectively. Consistent with prior research, having fewer categories enhanced the early-selection process (in performance, two > six > 24 categories). However, in contrast, the late-selection process was impaired (24 > six = two categories). In Experiment 2, encoding of paired associates, for which the targets belonged to either two or 20 semantic categories, was manipulated by having participants either form interactive images or engage in rote repetition. Having fewer categories again was associated with enhanced early selection (two > 20 categories); this effect was greater for rote repetition than for interactive imagery, and greater for free recall than for cued recall. However, late selection again showed the opposite pattern (20 > two categories), even with interactive-imagery encoding, which formed distinctive, individuated memory traces. The results are discussed in terms of early- and late-selection processes in retrieval, as well as overt versus covert recognition.

  6. Qalandar-name. Chapter 2. “Praise and blessing upon Muhammad Mustafa”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milyausha Ismagilova

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The present fragment contains the translated continuation of a medieval poetic text “Qalandar-name” written by the Crimean Sufi author Abu Bakr Qalandar. This fragment contains the second chapter devoted to praising (Salawat the Prophet Muhammad, after which the poet will glorify his righteous caliphs (al-Khulafa al-rashidun. As it appears from the author’s praises, he was a follower of Sunni Islam and, at the same time, a representative of the Sufi order (tariqa. Titles and names that Abu Bakr Kalandar uses in his chanting of Muhammad, are very familiar both to researchers of the Islamic religion and ordinary Muslims. He calls the Prophet the Lord (Sayyid of both worlds, Elect, Light, Leader of all the prophets and saints. The author mentions some famous miracles of the Messenger of Allah, such as the night journey (Isra and ascension to the seventh heaven (Mi’raj, the moon’s splitting and inanimate objects’ speaking. He also makes an allusion to the mystical interpretation of the Qur’an in relation to the hair of the Prophet. The Persian text is translated by Milyausha Ismagilova, a postgraduate student. Translation edition and comments are supplied by Damir Shagaviyev, Head of the Department of History of Public Thought and Islamic Studies of the Sh.Marjani Institute of History, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan (Kazan. * Continuation of the article. See beginning of the article in: Golden Horde Review, 2014, no. 2(4, pp.243–252.

  7. Endoscopic Vein Harvesting for Coronary Bypass Grafting: A Blessing or a Trojan Horse?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan Accord

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Conventional open harvest of the great saphenous vein (GSV during CABG results in approximately 7% donor-site complications. Using endoscopic vein harvesting (EVH the full GSV length can be harvested through a 3 cm incision. This nonsystematic review discusses several key issues concerning EVH, based on an extensive Pubmed search. Found studies show that EVH results in reduced number of wound complications, less postoperative pain, earlier postoperative mobilisation, reduced length of hospital stay, and is more cost-effective. Initial studies did not find significant differences in graft histology, patency, or clinical outcome. However, in 2009 convincing evidence of inferior histological graft properties became available. Furthermore, an observational study showed that EVH resulted in significantly more graft stenosis, was associated with higher mortality, more myocard infarction, and more reinterventions. Most recent publications could not confirm these findings, however larger randomised controlled trials focusing on graft quality are being awaited.

  8. Advertising to the End Consumers by Pharmaceutical Companies: Blessing or Curse?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Goldberg

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The last several years have seen an increase inthe number of direct to consumer advertisements by pharmaceutical companies.Direct to Consumer advertisements (DTC means targeting the end consumerthrough advertisements on television, radio, in newspapers, magazines, and theInternet. The qualitative study presents data and supports  the need for a future quantitative study toask physicians and consumers their opinions on whether pharmaceutical companiesshould be allowed to advertise directly to the end consumer. This article reviewsthe literature on this controversial topic, supporting the need to explore thereserach questions in greater detail. A review of the literature suggests thereis financial motivation on the part of the pharmaceutical companies to increasetheir sales by advertsing directly to the end consumer as opposed to performingan educational service to the consumer.

  9. Energy conservation and sustainable employment. Curse or blessing?; Energiebesparing en duurzame arbeid. Vloek of zegen?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Settels, P.J.M. [Safety, Health Services and Ergonomics, ING HR-Nederland, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2010-11-15

    Energy conservation and sustainable employment is a contradiction. Sustainable employment is the fine tuning between work, tools and people. Sustainable physical working conditions and seasonal influences on human beings. Daylight Prevention for heat and cold resistance. Good illuminance is justified light. Improper light brings discomfort and costs money. LED lighting when it is not applied in the right way; costs of leakage. Integration of technology and human expertise provides sustainable human vitality, lower maintenance facilities, proper energy bills, higher returns for the company. Profit for management and shareholders and for the Netherlands as a whole. [Dutch] Uit verschillende onderzoeken blijkt dat positieve waardering meer en langduriger een hoger prestatie rendement oplevert, dan te wijzen op het verbeteren van de slechte prestaties. In dit artikel wordt een en ander opgehangen aan pogingen van bedrijven om energie te besparen en de arbeid duurzaam te maken en de werkomstandigheden te verbeteren.

  10. Het digitale sport medisch dossier: zucht of zegen? [Digital Sport Medical Record: Sigh or a blessing?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stege, J.P.; Fleuren, M.A.H.; Knaap, E.T.W. van der; Stubbe, J.H.

    2013-01-01

    Sinds 2004 zijn er verschillende initiatieven ontplooid rondom de ontwikkeling van een digitaal Sport Medisch Dossier (SMD). Uit gesprekken met de Vereniging voor Sportgeneeskunde (VSG) blijkt dat er vooral problemen worden gesignaleerd met de ingebruikname van het digitale SMD. In het voorjaar van

  11. Combining work and family in the Netherlands: Blessing or burden for one's mental health?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oomens, S.; Geurts, S.; Scheepers, P.

    2007-01-01

    In this article we study which characteristics of combining work and family put people at risk for mental illness. Two alternative perspectives on the impact of multiple social roles on mental health are tested: the role accumulation perspective and the role strain perspective. Both perspectives are

  12. Concept And Its Implementation During The Reconstruction Of The Church Of Blessed Virgin Mary In Chojna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Płotkowiak, Maciej

    2015-12-01

    St. Mary's parish church in Chojna was erected at the turn of XIV and XVc. in a shape of three aisles, hall church without transept, completed from the west with a single tower and from the east with polygonal presbytery with an ambulatory attached. The convergence of characteristic structural and decorative features with employed ones in medieval churches being attributed to Hinrich Brunsberg's fabric resulted in such a way, that also authorship of St. Mary in Chojna was assigned to this legendary architect and master builder of late Middle Ages period. The church was destroyed by fire during WWII in February 1945 and since then had remained as an open ruin. In 1997 reconstruction procedure of the church was begun under the leadership of the author and it still continues. This text consists of the sum of experiences connected with confronting design ideas and solutions with their executions on the site during construction works.

  13. 'Mixed blessings': parental religiousness, parenting, and child adjustment in global perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornstein, Marc H; Putnick, Diane L; Lansford, Jennifer E; Al-Hassan, Suha M; Bacchini, Dario; Bombi, Anna Silvia; Chang, Lei; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Di Giunta, Laura; Dodge, Kenneth A; Malone, Patrick S; Oburu, Paul; Pastorelli, Concetta; Skinner, Ann T; Sorbring, Emma; Steinberg, Laurence; Tapanya, Sombat; Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe; Zelli, Arnaldo; Alampay, Liane Peña

    2017-08-01

    Most studies of the effects of parental religiousness on parenting and child development focus on a particular religion or cultural group, which limits generalizations that can be made about the effects of parental religiousness on family life. We assessed the associations among parental religiousness, parenting, and children's adjustment in a 3-year longitudinal investigation of 1,198 families from nine countries. We included four religions (Catholicism, Protestantism, Buddhism, and Islam) plus unaffiliated parents, two positive (efficacy and warmth) and two negative (control and rejection) parenting practices, and two positive (social competence and school performance) and two negative (internalizing and externalizing) child outcomes. Parents and children were informants. Greater parent religiousness had both positive and negative associations with parenting and child adjustment. Greater parent religiousness when children were age 8 was associated with higher parental efficacy at age 9 and, in turn, children's better social competence and school performance and fewer child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. However, greater parent religiousness at age 8 was also associated with more parental control at age 9, which in turn was associated with more child internalizing and externalizing problems at age 10. Parental warmth and rejection had inconsistent relations with parental religiousness and child outcomes depending on the informant. With a few exceptions, similar patterns of results held for all four religions and the unaffiliated, nine sites, mothers and fathers, girls and boys, and controlling for demographic covariates. Parents and children agree that parental religiousness is associated with more controlling parenting and, in turn, increased child problem behaviors. However, children see religiousness as related to parental rejection, whereas parents see religiousness as related to parental efficacy and warmth, which have different associations with child functioning. Studying both parent and child views of religiousness and parenting are important to understand the effects of parental religiousness on parents and children. © 2017 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.

  14. "I struggle to count my blessings": recovery after hip fracture from the patients' perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruun-Olsen, Vigdis; Bergland, Astrid; Heiberg, Kristi Elisabeth

    2018-01-19

    Recovery outlooks of physical functioning and quality of life after hip fracture have not changed significantly over the past 25 years. Previous research has mainly dealt with causalities and acute treatment, while the recovery process from the patients' perspective has been less comprehensively described. Expanded knowledge of what the patients consider important in their recovery process may have important consequences for how these patients are treated in the future and thereby on future patient outcomes. The aim presently is therefore to explore how elderly patients with hip fracture enrolled in an ongoing RCT have experienced their recovery process. The study was qualitative in design. Eight frail elderly in recovery after hip fracture (aged 69-91) were interviewed in their home four months after their fracture. The interviews covered issues related to their experiences of facilitators and barriers throughout the different stages in the recovery process. The patients were already enrolled in an ongoing randomized controlled trial, examining the effects of habitual functional training during their short term stays at nursing homes. The patients were chosen strategically according to age, gender, and participation in rehabilitation. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and subjected to a method of systematic text condensation inspired by Giorgi's phenomenological method. The results revealed that the patients' experiences of the recovery process fell into three main themes: "Feeling vulnerable", "A span between self-reliance and dependency" and "Disruption from a normal life". The feeling of gloominess and vulnerability persisted throughout. Being in recovery was also experienced as a tension between self-reliance and dependency; a disrupted life where loss of mobility and the impact of age was profoundly present. Being in recovery after hip fracture was experienced as a life breaking event. Based on these findings, increased focus on individualized treatment to each patient through each stage of the recovery process should be emphasized.

  15. A blessing I can't afford: factors underlying the paradox of happiness about unintended pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aiken, Abigail R A; Dillaway, Chloe; Mevs-Korff, Natasha

    2015-05-01

    An unresolved paradox in the measurement and interpretation of unintended pregnancy is that women frequently report feeling happy about pregnancies they also classify as unintended (i.e. they have incongruent intentions and feelings). This study explores the underlying reasons why women profess such happiness and how these relate to their motivations to avoid pregnancy. Between September 2013 and February 2014, semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 27 women (8 white, 19 Latina) selected from a longitudinal study measuring prospective pregnancy intentions and feelings among 403 women in Austin, Texas. Women were selected for interview on the basis of wanting no more children and consistently professing either happiness (n = 17) or unhappiness (n = 10) at the prospect of pregnancy. Interviews were coded and analyzed following the principles of grounded theory. We found that it is possible for women to express happiness at the idea of pregnancy while simultaneously earnestly trying to prevent conception. Happiness at the idea of an unintended pregnancy was explained as the result of deep and heartfelt feelings about children taking precedence over practical considerations, the perception that the psychosocial stress resulting from another child would be low, and the ability to rationalize an unintended pregnancy as the result of fate or God's plan. The major exception to the sincerity of professed happiness was that conveyed as a result of social pressure despite truly negative feelings, predominantly expressed by foreign-born Latina women. Overall, equating incongruence with ambivalence about avoiding conception may undermine the sincerity of women's intentions and their desires for highly-effective contraception. At the same time, unintended pregnancies that are greeted with happiness may have different implications for maternal and child health outcomes compared to pregnancies that are greeted with unhappiness. Identifying which unintended pregnancies are most likely to result in adverse outcomes is a target for future research. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. A MIXED BLESSING: RESILIENCE IN THE ENTREPRENEURIAL SOCIO-TECHNICAL SYSTEM OF BITCOIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Morisse

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Studies of resilience highlight the tension between actions that allow a firm – and a system – to be robust and those that allows it to be flexible. Studies suggest that an entrepreneurial firm will prioritize flexibility, given resource constraints. However, what occurs when a number of firms are embedded in a common socio-technical system and an extreme event affects them collectively? This paper tests whether existing theory about resilience predicts the responses of entrepreneurs in such a system, with reference to an extreme event in the Bitcoin sociotechnical system: the much-publicized bankruptcy of Mt.Gox, a key player. It relies on indepth interviews with 8 entrepreneurs in Europe, triangulated with other data. We find that robustness is the dominant strategy for those interviewed. This is partly because the firms rely on pooled resources supplied by the collective, and partly because robustness builds trust, giving the firms a competitive advantage.

  17. Blessed art thou among women: male nursing students and gender inequalities in Chile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayala, Ricardo A; Holmqvist, Moira T; Messing, Helga B; Browne, Rodrigo F

    2014-12-01

    The evolution of nursing education into an academic curriculum and the growing interest of men in nursing have been significant landmarks in the development of a 'female' occupation. Chilean nursing is considered as the leading example of nursing education in Latin America, demanding a five-year training on a full-time university programme. The consequences of education, however, are assumed as more egalitarian opportunities, disregarding the latent replication of structures that perpetuate inequalities. To comprehend the socialisation of male nursing students and its relation with their masculine identity and the construction of inequalities in nursing education. We draw upon interviews undertaken with beginner and advanced nursing students from a Chilean university. Approval was obtained from the relevant Ethics Committee. The data were organised to allow the development of concepts by using the Grounded Theory approach. The analysis uncovers paradoxical results of nursing education and its ineffectiveness in preventing gender-based inequalities. The interest in empowering nursing politically may lead to favour an increasing number of men entering nursing in ways that facilitate male students' progress. Furthermore, there exist discourses of compassion that feed consideration for male students, engendering in the process the prospect of professional success and the gravitation into strategic positions in the employment market. These are mechanisms that reproduce earlier gender-based inequalities in nursing. In the light of the social reproduction theory, the academisation of Chilean nursing seems to be built upon historical gender asymmetries. Although the interest of men in embracing a career in nursing may have a meaningful resonance with the transformation of contemporary society, this process needs a judicious examination in order to protect academic integrity and, ultimately, prevent the reproduction of those inequalities in question. This analysis offers a perspective for understanding social patterns embedded in the practice of nursing education in Chile and elsewhere. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Photogravimagnetic assists of light sails: a mixed blessing for Breakthrough Starshot?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forgan, Duncan H.; Heller, René; Hippke, Michael

    2018-03-01

    Upon entering a star system, light sails are subject to both gravitational forces and radiation pressure, and can use both in concert to modify their trajectory. Moreover, stars possess significant magnetic fields, and if the sail is in any way charged, it will feel the Lorentz force also. We investigate the dynamics of so-called `photogravimagnetic assists' of sailcraft around α Centauri A, a potential first destination en route to Proxima Centauri (the goal of the Breakthrough Starshot programme). We find that a 10-m2 sail with a charge-to-mass ratio of around 10 μC g-1 or higher will need to take account of magnetic field effects during orbital manoeuvres. The magnetic field can provide an extra source of deceleration and deflection, and allow capture on to closer orbits around a target star. However, flipping the sign of the sailcraft's charge can radically change resulting trajectories, resulting in complex loop-de-loops around magnetic field lines and essentially random ejection from the star system. Even on well-behaved trajectories, the field can generate off-axis deflections at α Centauri that, while minor, can result in very poor targeting of the final destination (Proxima) post-assist. Fortunately for Breakthrough Starshot, nanosails are less prone to charging en route than their heavier counterparts, but can still accrue relatively high charge at both the origin and destination, when travelling at low speeds. Photogravimagnetic assists are highly non-trivial, and require careful course correction to mitigate against unwanted changes in trajectory.

  19. "I will miss the study, God bless you all": participation in a nutritional chemoprevention trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno-Black, Geraldine; Shor-Posner, Gail; Miguez, Maria-Jose; Burbano, Ximena; O'Mellan, Sandra; Yovanoff, P

    2004-01-01

    Randomized controlled clinical trials are often considered to be the "gold standard" for health research. Consequently, understanding the reasons people participate in these trials, especially minority groups who are often under-represented in clinical trials, or populations who have chronic illnesses or abuse drugs, is salient for successful recruitment, retention, and project design. This paper describes the results of a study that was designed to examine some of the ways in which participants in a randomized double blind clinical trial perceived their participation in the clinical trial, and the reasons they gave for continuing in the study. All of the participants were individuals who were using drugs and were infected with the HIV-1 virus, and had participated in a chemoprevention trial. The data from an exit interview were analyzed thematically in order to reveal units of meaning concerning participation and continuation in the clinical trial. The analysis revealed 3 higher-level concepts, or themes, that guided participation: increased health awareness, personal enhancement, and sociability. The data clearly indicated that involvement and retention in the trial were directly related to the ways in which the participants interpreted the study, perceived the benefits they derived from participating, and imbued their participation with value so that it was important and relevant to their own perceptions of health, as well as personal and social well being.

  20. Economic downturn : A threat for creative city policy or blessing in disguise?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Romein, A.; Trip, J.J.

    2011-01-01

    Since at least a decade the creative city concept is very much en vogue. Culture and creativity are regarded drivers of urban economic development, and therefore as important elements of urban economic policy. In practice however, local policy in many cities is determined by a considerable degree of

  1. Vital signs : twice-blessed by gains in both production volumes and prices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lunan, D.

    2000-01-01

    Canadian producers of oil and natural gas are taking advantage of the current high energy prices to run their productions at capacity and to expand their businesses. During the first half of 2000, producers reported huge revenue, earnings and cash flow gains and the trend is expected to continue for some time. This paper presented production statistics for natural gas and oil for each producing region in Canada. Natural gas and oil exports and consumption statistics for the past two decades were also included. Canadian natural gas production rose 1.4 per cent during the first four months of 2000. Oil exports also increased 14 per cent year-over-year in the January to April period. This trend is also expected to continue as demand for energy increases and U.S. production continues to lag. The U.S. has forecasted a double-digit growth in imports of Canadian gas for the coming year. 5 tabs

  2. Blessed alienation: the Christian monastery as a caring and restorative environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksson, Nadya T; Wiklund-Gustin, Lena

    2014-02-01

    Being mentally ill is often associated with experiencing alienation from society because sensations are not easily shared with others. Modern health care leads us to pose many questions. Some sufferers search and find their way to monasteries as they did centuries ago. We interviewed six persons staying in a monastery to understand the meaning of health and care in a monastic environment in contemporary Sweden. We analyzed the transcripts by means of a hermeneutic approach and discovered that the helping effect of the monastery was based on its contradictory/paradoxical structure that corresponded to the lifeworld of a person suffering from mental illness. The monastery was a place where one could be different but equal, and simultaneously provided freedom within boundaries, calmness and intensity, privacy and relations, demands and confirmation. This facilitated experiences of health and wholeness, necessary to manage the challenges of recovery.

  3. Misfortune may be a blessing in disguise: Fairness perception and emotion modulate decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hong-Hsiang; Hwang, Yin-Dir; Hsieh, Ming H; Hsu, Yung-Fong; Lai, Wen-Sung

    2017-08-01

    Fairness perception and equality during social interactions frequently elicit affective arousal and affect decision making. By integrating the dictator game and a probabilistic gambling task, this study aimed to investigate the effects of a negative experience induced by perceived unfairness on decision making using behavioral, model fitting, and electrophysiological approaches. Participants were randomly assigned to the neutral, harsh, or kind groups, which consisted of various asset allocation scenarios to induce different levels of perceived unfairness. The monetary gain was subsequently considered the initial asset in a negatively rewarded, probabilistic gambling task in which the participants were instructed to maintain as much asset as possible. Our behavioral results indicated that the participants in the harsh group exhibited increased levels of negative emotions but retained greater total game scores than the participants in the other two groups. Parameter estimation of a reinforcement learning model using a Bayesian approach indicated that these participants were more loss aversive and consistent in decision making. Data from simultaneous ERP recordings further demonstrated that these participants exhibited larger feedback-related negativity to unexpected outcomes in the gambling task, which suggests enhanced reward sensitivity and signaling of reward prediction error. Collectively, our study suggests that a negative experience may be an advantage in the modulation of reward-based decision making. © 2017 Society for Psychophysiological Research.

  4. Crude Oil, a Blessing and Impediment in Niger Delta Polity: Tanure ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal Home > Special Edition 2011 > ... Oil has constituted a physical problem to Delta State and Nigeria as a whole. ... impediment in Delta of Nigeria; Economic growth constraints, socio-political problems and Neo-colonialism; and finally,

  5. 'Archers' of the Blessed City: City's Deliverance in the Coinage of Early Hellenistic Olbia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stolba, Vladimir

    2015-01-01

    Despite continuous and thorough studies of Olbian coinage, the chronology of some coin series produced by this Pontic city and the messages communicated by their types remain obscure. One such controversial issue, standing out from the total mass, is the so-called ‘archers’, the early Hellenistic...... with the major turning point in the city’s history, namely its deliverance from the siege laid by Macedonian troops in the course of Zopyrion’s campaign against the Scythians around 331 BC....

  6. Curse or blessing? Local elites in Joint Forest Management in India’s Shiwaliks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulbhushan Balooni

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This article suggests that local elites play an instrumental role – either with positive or negative consequences – in shaping struggles for power over processes and outcomes of participatory forest management interventions, when implemented in communities characterized by social hierarchies. We show how the contrasting outcomes of joint forest management in two case study villages cannot be attributed to institutional reform, but appear to be caused largely by differences in the role assumed by local elites. The evidence indicates that institutional reform itself does not guarantee changes in the actual management of natural resources. Rather, vested interests at the local level and among State actors may continue to shape events while working within or beyond the new institutional landscape. On the basis of the results of our case studies, the article poses the hypothesis that a network theory of social capital could be a useful way of analyzing such diverse outcomes of similar institutional reforms implemented in relatively similar communities. We conclude by arguing that attempts at institutional reform at the level of the community in hierarchical societies should proceed with modest expectations, and an eye for the incentives facing local elites and the implementing and facilitating State actors.

  7. Entrepreneurial networking a blessing or a curse? : Differential effects for low, medium and high performing franchisees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brand, Maryse J.; Croonen, Evelien P. M.; Leenders, Roger T. A. J.

    Recent studies have called for a better understanding of the link between networking and entrepreneurial performance. We provide such understanding in three ways: by focusing on a specific entrepreneurial context (franchise systems), by developing a multi-faceted theoretical framework and by

  8. Entrepreneurial networking: A blessing or a curse? : Differential effects for low, medium and high performing franchisees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Croonen, Evelien; Brand, Maryse; Leenders, R.T.A.J.

    2018-01-01

    Recent studies have called for a better understanding of the link between networking and entrepreneurial performance. We provide such understanding in three ways: by focusing on a specific entrepreneurial context (franchise systems), by developing a multi-faceted theoretical framework, and by

  9. Entrepreneurial networking: A blessing or a curse?: Differential effects for low, medium and high performing franchisees

    OpenAIRE

    Croonen, Evelien; Brand, Maryse; Leenders, R.T.A.J.

    2018-01-01

    Recent studies have called for a better understanding of the link between networking and entrepreneurial performance. We provide such understanding in three ways: by focusing on a specific entrepreneurial context (franchise systems), by developing a multi-faceted theoretical framework and by highlighting a contingency that may affect the networking-performance link. We combine knowledge and learning perspectives with a networking perspective to develop and test a multi-faceted framework on th...

  10. Der Terminator und die Femme fatale. Gender im Genre-Kino The Terminator and the Femme Fatale: Gender in Genre Cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rochus Wolff

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Mit Hollywood hybrid legen Claudia Liebrand und Ines Steiner einen äußerst lesenswerten Sammelband vor, in dem aus unterschiedlichen Blickwinkeln Hollywoodfilme der vergangenen Jahre untersucht wurden. Im Zentrum stehen dabei stets die komplexen Wechselwirkungen zwischen Genre und Gender. Von wenigen Schwächen abgesehen, gelingen den Autor/-innen dabei durchweg überzeugende Analysen.Claudia Liesbrand and Ines Steiner’s very worth reading Hollywood hybrid is a collected volume in which Hollywood films of recent years are examined from various angles. Central to the text is the continually complex interaction between genre and gender. With this, the authors enjoy, a few weaknesses aside, ongoing success.

  11. Vécu maternel de l’accompagnement de la sage-femme en salle de naissance chez des femmes primipares

    OpenAIRE

    Adet, Anaîs

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: childbirth’s maternal experience can have a major impact, on women and families life in a short and a long term. Many factors influence it. The “Empowerment” is recognized as promoting positive women’s experience in the anglo-saxon and quebec literature. It proposes that caregivers, especially midwives, have the role to let women to experience it. The main objective is to optimize the support for women from midwives in delivery room. The operational objective is to perceive what...

  12. INTERNET5 : Favoriser l'autonomisation des femmes au moyen d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 déc. 2017 ... Photo : Visual News Associates / World Bank. Dans de bonnes conditions, les technologies numériques peuvent favoriser l'atteinte des cibles prévues dans les objectifs de développement durable (ODD) d'ici 2030 en stimulant la croissance économique, et en permettant d'améliorer la gouvernance et ...

  13. Les femmes, un effectif sur qui il faut compter | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    30 juil. 2015 ... L'emploi peut transformer la vie d'une personne et une société tout entière. ... leur revenu potentiel et améliorer la distribution des ressources dans les familles. ... où les salaires sont faibles et les protections sociales minimes.

  14. La femme et sa destinée d'après Edith Stein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Lauria

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Woman's Destiny according Edith Stein The following essay aims to show that Edith Stein's conception of women was a feminist and a traditionalist one. This could be interpreted by some philosophers as a sort of contradiction. Thus the author presents the different arguments detecting such  a conflict between feminism and traditionalism. These arguments are based in fact on the opposition between nature or essence, on the one hand, and freedom, on the other hand. The thesis of the author is that there is not necessarily a conflict between essence and freedom, and that essence is not a fiction but an ontological reality which, interpreted in the way of Edith Stein, makes it possible to conceive sexual difference in a perfect synthesis between the Christian tradition and gender equality.

  15. Suivi de la femme enceinte seropositive au VIH a l'Hopital de be a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: La situation épidémiologique du VIH/Sida est aujourd'hui très préoccupante dans tous les continents. Les efforts pour endiguer cette pandémie se font à travers un certain nombre de stratégies spécifiques dont la prévention de la transmission du VIH de la mère à l'enfant (PTME). Objectif: Analyser le suivi des ...

  16. LE CHEVALIER, LA FEMME ET LE DIABLE. LES GEMMES MAGIQUES ET LE TESTAMENT DE SALOMON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Ştefan COLCERIU

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Fifty six magical gemstones discovered in Egypt and dating from the 3rd century CE represent Solomon as a triumphant horse rider piercing and killing by his lance a lying female demon, probably the famous Lilith. It is now agreed that the gemstones were used for banishing the child-killing demon and worn by pregnant women. The Testament of Solomon, a biblical pseudepigraphon from the Late Antiquity also mentions an avatar of the child-killing demon, namely Obyzuth. The present paper shows that the author of the Testament was highly aware of the existence of the gemstones, but changed in a subtle way their initial message out of polemical reasons. The connection between the gemstones and the Testament is also very valuable as a means of dating the controversial pseudepigraphon in the last decades of the 4th century CE.

  17. L'émancipation des femmes et des collectivités africaines par l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    a aidée à plus que décupler son rendement. Sa récolte étant trop abondante pour être entièrement écoulée au bord de la route, son mari a entrepris d'aller la vendre en ville. Au final, grâce à cette « amélioration », celui-ci ...

  18. Renforcer l'inclusion financière des femmes : Une situation ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    30 nov. 2017 ... S'il n'est pas emprunté, l'argent est conservé à la maison, à l'abri dans une boîte rangée sous un lit ou dans un placard. D'après Rose, les banques perçoivent des intérêts en prêtant de l'argent aux gens pauvres et ces derniers profitent peu de ces intérêts. Elle et ses amies préfèrent garder leur argent ...

  19. Recension des écrits sur l'autonomisation économique des femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    16 juil. 2013 ... Mini soap operas foster financial education and inclusion of women in Peru. Having little or no savings can be devastating for poor families, especially in times of crisis. View moreMini soap operas foster financial education and inclusion of women in Peru ...

  20. Promouvoir l'inclusion financière des femmes et des jeunes dans l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site. Abonnez-vous à notre bulletin pour recevoir les nouvelles du CRDI chaque mois. Abonnez-vous · Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la recherche · Politique de libre accès · Politique de confidentialité · Transparence · Utilisation du site Web. Suivez-nous; Facebook · Twitter ...

  1. Divorce et remariage des femmes en Afrique de l'Ouest. Le cas du Togo

    OpenAIRE

    Marie-Paule Thiriat; Thérèse Locoh

    1995-01-01

    Locoh (Thérèse), Thiriat (Marie-Paule). - Divorce and remarriage in West Africa: the situation in Togo The high matrimonial mobility of West African women is only generally analysed by demographers as a correlate in polygamy research (on men) or as a fertility factor. Anthropological literature, on the other hand, has investigated the subject in its own right, weighing up the pros and cons of marriage, widowhood and divorce for the status of women. Analysis of the matrimonial data on women su...

  2. autonomisation économique des femmes et économie du soin des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Alanna Karpa

    dépend en grande partie d'un financement versé par des bailleurs de fonds et qui est aux prises avec ... services dont leurs enfants ont besoin et à intégrer le marché du travail. ..... roulement, qui produit des services de soins de faible qualité.

  3. Emploi des jeunes et autonomisation économique des femmes en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Youth employment and women's economic empowerment in Africa: The role of small ... focusing on small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the tourism sector. ... Assessing the Impact of Cash Transfer Programs on Women's Empowerment in ...

  4. Transformer le travail domestique ?Femmes migrantes et politique de formalisation à Bruxelles

    OpenAIRE

    Camargo Magalhaes, Beatriz

    2016-01-01

    La problématique de cette thèse est celle de la formalisation du travail domestique. Au-delà de la mise en œuvre de la politique des titres-services, cette thèse ouvre le questionnement sur les possibilités et le limites de la professionnalisation d’une quelconque politique pour le travail domestique. Sur base de notre recherche qualitative, trois constats inédits émanent de nos résultats.Le premier constat inédit émerge de l’étude de la politique des titres-services et de sa mise en œuvre en...

  5. Les femmes assurent la préservation de l'arganeraie aux portes du ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 nov. 2010 ... L'arganier (Argania spinosa) est un arbre endémique au Maroc, où il constitue la deuxième essence forestière. Il peut vivre de 150 à 200 ans et est très résistant à la chaleur et à la sécheresse. L'arganier pousse à l'état sauvage et en abondance dans les régions arides et semi-arides du sud-ouest ...

  6. Les femmes des régions rurales dans un monde branché | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    31 janv. 2011 ... En cette ère de communications électroniques instantanées, « fossé numérique » est devenu l'expression consacrée pour décrire l'écart entre ceux qui ont accès aux technologies de communication de pointe et ceux qui en ont privés.

  7. Carcinome epidermoïde du larynx chez la femme | Touati | Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . Primary tumor was localized in glottis in 55.8% of cases. We found that 60.4% of tumors were seen at an advanced stage T3-T4 and 95.3% of the tumors were initially classified N0. The surgery was performed in 47.5% of patients, while ...

  8. carcinome epidermoïde du larynx chez la femme squamous cell ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Every dysphonia in women should be explored even in the absence of risk factors. The management and prognosis seem congruent with that of man. Key words: Tumor-larynx-women-epidemiology-smoking. INTRODUCTION. Le cancer du larynx touche essentiellement l'homme de la cinquantaine. Les facteurs de risque ...

  9. Zaman Talukder : L'autonomisation des femmes au moyen de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 mars 2015 ... Le programme Enhanced Homestead Food Production (EHFP) de l'organisme Helen Keller International bénéficie du soutien technique de Zaman Talukder, expert en agriculture, sécurité alimentaire et nutrition établi au Cambodge. Le travail de Zaman vise à intégrer l'aquaculture d'espèces diverses en ...

  10. La circoncision des femmes en Afrique : repenser les politiques de santé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Rochon

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Governor General Michaëlle Jean, while in Mali in November, said she supported the Maputo Protocol which “clearly states that the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM is a violation of basic human rights” and wished “ no more little girls would ever again be subjected to such a torture”. This has been the key message to African countries, i.e., that FGM is an act of violence against women and girls as a results of gender inequalities. FGM is associated with violent acts such as rape, human trafficking, forced abortion, and infanticide of baby girls, to name only a few. This feminist approach to the issue, however, does not take into account the full complexity of the cultural, emotional and cognitive aspects of the practice that has been documented in recent years. Health policies put forward to abolish the practice have been remarkably unilateral without any options for mediation or negotiation. Participation of health practitioners with FGM have also been strongly opposed. Not surprisingly then, interventions and health policies have proven mostly ineffective in diminishing the practice. But these policies remain unquestioned, as demonstrated by the Governor General’s recent speech. This “power focus” feminist approach to the problem of FGM has been mostly motivated by repulsion and can be seen as a form of moral and cultural imperialism. Meanwhile, few words are said about other traditional practices that also affect African children’s or about our own western practices. I argue that it is time to rethink FMG policies in a just and caring perspective, and evaluate more flexible approaches that have been proposed such as harm reduction and behaviour changing models.

  11. Donner aux filles et aux femmes le pouvoir de décider | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    éclampsie et d'hypertension artérielle, et peuvent également entraîner un faible poids à la naissance et des naissances prématurées. La Federation of Muslim Women's Association of Nigeria et l'Université McGill à Montréal, ...

  12. Les femmes prennent part à la lutte contre les maladies des bovins

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    améliorer la santé des bêtes et les moyens de subsistance des petits éleveurs. • Des chercheurs du Kenya et du Canada ont recours à des technologies novatrices faisant appel à la biologie moléculaire pour mettre au point un vaccin stable, sûr et efficace que pourront utiliser les petits éleveurs de bovins, hommes comme ...

  13. La technologie offre de nouvelles possibilités aux femmes | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    information et de la communication (TIC), il ne s'agit pas d'une simple question de fossé numérique à combler. À son avis, il s'agit en fait d'exploiter les possibilités des TIC non seulement en tant qu'outils de communication, mais ...

  14. L'ÉGALITÉPOUR LES FEMMES ET LES FILLES L'ACTION DU CRDI

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cathy Egan

    de trouver un emploi décent, de créer une entreprise ou de se lancer en ... Stratégie générale ... En 2006, des travaux financés par le CRDI sur le recrutement ... politiques, ne sont bien souvent pas visées par les mesures de réparations.

  15. Droits et participation citoyenne des femmes dalits en Inde - phase I ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rapports. Conference report : Dalit Women Rights and Citizenship in India, 19th March, 2010, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi; organised by Indian Institute of Dalit Studies and International Development Research Centre. Téléchargez le PDF. Rapports. Dalit women rights and citizenship in India : final technical report.

  16. Institut de recherche et de formation sur les droits des femmes, la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Memo on phase 1 of year 2 of the WITS Training Institute on Women's Rights, Citizenship and Governance in Sub Saharan Africa. Download PDF. Evaluations. Training institute : Women's Rights, Citizenship and Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa; evaluation. Download PDF. Reports. Women's rights, citizenship and ...

  17. Soutien aux femmes autochtones voulant faire carrière dans les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ces programmes, partiellement financés par le Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT) (Conseil national des sciences et de la technologie) du Mexique, ont considérablement augmenté la participation des peuples autochtones au système d'éducation du pays. Cependant, il reste d'importants problèmes à ...

  18. Intégrer les femmes au marché du travail | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    13 juin 2017 ... B Lab est appuyée par Sistema B, un organisme sans but lucratif soutenu par le CRDI qui est à la tête d'un nouveau mouvement d'entreprises B et d'une communauté d'entrepreneurs sociaux en Amérique latine. Non seulement Terrium produit des produits écologiquement viables, mais l'entreprise est ...

  19. Don de sang de cordon : vécu, information et motivations des sages-femmes

    OpenAIRE

    Sanon, Sandy

    2011-01-01

    The cord blood is a recognized source of stem cells. The expansion of the French network gives midwives a prominent place at different stages of this gift. Responsiveness, knowledge of midwives on the DSC and the impact of the introduction of the latter in the delivery room were evaluated. Through a multicentric study by questionnaire. A questionnaire is designed for midwives practicing the DSC and a second to those working in maternity wards without DSC. It is remarkable that in nearly 100% ...

  20. L'impact des programmes des micro-crédits sur les femmes en ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    credit, have taken over government programs to care for hundreds of thousands of women across the country. However, in a patriarchal society where the weight of tradition is still heavy, can we really believe in the total success of these initiatives?

  1. Prévalence du VIH chez la Femme Enceinte et Transmission Mère ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Une meilleure organisation des stratégies de réduction de la transmission mèreenfant du VIH/SIDA, même dans un environnement à ressources limitées, peut conduire à des résultats similaires à ceux des pays du Nord. A la lumière de cette étude, nous recommandons fortement un deuxième test du VIH au 3ème rimestre ...

  2. La prise en charge d'un goitre compressif chez une femme enceinte ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Case -report : We report a case of pregnant women who was admitted for compressive goiter with laryngeal dyspnea, which required emergency total thyroidectomy. Conclusion: Urgent thyroidectomy in pregnant women can be performed if we respect the precautions. Keywords: goiter, pregnancy, thyroidectomy.

  3. Le CERN au féminin Une femme pour 89 hommes....

    CERN Multimedia

    Brouet, Anne-Muriel

    2008-01-01

    How many are they? Two, five, ten, zero? Since3 2902, 178 people received the Nobel Prize for Physics. Among them, two women, Marie Curie in 1903 and Maria Goeppert-Mayer sixty years later. (1/3 page)

  4. un_focus - Une vie saine pour les femmes et les enfants vulnérables ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    24 oct. 2017 ... ... and Social Determinants of Health, de la Public Health Foundation of India. ... Moses Mulumba, avocat en droit de la santé et directeur exécutif du Center ... Le Centre de recherches pour le développement international est ...

  5. Favoriser la croissance économique des femmes dans les pays à ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le CEDEF est un partenariat quinquennal concerté réunissant le Department for International Development (DFID) du Royaume-Uni, la William and Flora Hewlett Foundation et le CRDI. Axé sur les pays à faible revenu de l'Afrique subsaharienne et de l'Asie du Sud, le programme, qui a été lancé en 2013, vise à soutenir ...

  6. INTERNET5 : Favoriser l'autonomisation des femmes au moyen d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    8 déc. 2017 ... Photo : Visual News Associates / World Bank. ... Avec l'expansion des plateformes de type Facebook, Amazon, Uber, AirBnB et Twitter, il est nécessaire de comprendre leur façon de modeler le ... Africa open data network.

  7. Les femmes des régions rurales dans un monde branché | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    31 janv. 2011 ... Ajoutons à cela le manque de matériel TIC en langues locales, et les obstacles ... de politiques sociales et de développement économique éclairées. ... les participantes sont en relation directe avec leurs voisines, à qui elles ...

  8. La femme dans la societe moderne (The Woman in Modern Society)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esser, Gunter

    1974-01-01

    This article describes a proposed civilization course for German high school students learning French. The subject was chosen with the idea that exposure to current sociocultural issues would enhance motivation. Materials from actual public media could be used as opposed to those streamlined for pedagogical use. (Text is in German.) (TL)

  9. Zaman Talukder : L'autonomisation des femmes au moyen de la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 mars 2015 ... ... household food security and nutrition in Cambodia » (renforcer la production alimentaire de subsistance afin d'améliorer la sécurité alimentaire des ménages et la nutrition au Cambodge). Le projet est financé par le CRDI et le gouvernement du Canada par l'entremise d'affaires étrangères, Commerce et ...

  10. Femmes et enseignement supérieur en Afrique | CRDI - Centre de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2 sept. 2013 ... Africa's education systems are marked by profound inequalities related to location, district (rural vs. urban zones), ethnicity, and social class. Gender inequality is particularly significant in higher education.

  11. Cherchez la femme - impact of ocean acidification on the egg jelly coat and attractants for sperm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foo, Shawna A; Deaker, Dione; Byrne, Maria

    2018-04-19

    The impact of ocean acidification on marine invertebrate eggs and consequences for sperm chemotaxis are unknown. In the sea urchins Heliocidaris tuberculata and H. erythrogramma , with small (93µm) and large (393µm) eggs, respectively, we documented the effect of decreased pH on the egg jelly coat, an extracellular matrix that increases target size for sperm and contains sperm attracting molecules. In near future conditions (pH 7.8, 7.6) the jelly coat of H. tuberculata decreased by 11 and 21%, reducing egg target size by 9 and 17%, respectively. In contrast, the egg jelly coat of H. erythrogramma was not affected. The reduction in the jelly coat has implications for sperm chemotaxis in H. tuberculata In the presence of decreased pH and egg chemicals, the sperm of this species increased their velocity, motility and linearity, behaviour that was opposite to that seen for sperm exposed to egg chemicals in ambient conditions. Egg chemistry appears to cause a reduction in sperm velocity where attractants guide them in the direction of the egg. Investigation of the effects of decreased pH on sperm isolated from egg chemistry does not provide an integrative assessment of the effects of ocean acidification on sperm function. Differences in the sensitivity of the jelly coat of the two species is likely associated with egg evolution in H. erythrogramma We highlight important unappreciated impacts of ocean acidification on marine gamete functionality, and insights into potential winners and losers in a changing ocean, pointing to the advantage conveyed by evolution of large eggs. © 2018. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

  12. Femmes et gouvernance locale - exploration de nouvelles possibilités

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Journal articles. ICTs and black women's empowerment : unmasking domination in several layers. Download PDF. Journal articles. Exploring new media technologies among young South African Women. Download PDF. Reports. Qualitative report for the Young women Govern South Africa project within the Women-Gov ...

  13. L'Islam et la femme dans l'espace public au Niger

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    seriane.camara

    16 sept. 2010 ... International Woman Year, women came into the public sphere, and ... comme au figuré, l'espace public (la rue, les lieux de meeting, les médias, ...... Madame Ali Mariama, Ministre du développement social, de la Population ... Butter, J., 1990, Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, New.

  14. un_focus - Les femmes et la terre : Des droits fonciers pour une ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    1 janv. 2011 ... Debbie Budlender est chercheure spécialisée à la Community Agency for Social Enquiry, ONG sud-africaine axée sur la recherche en politique sociale. ... IDRC and the United Kingdom's Global AMR Innovation Fund—managed by the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC)—are partnering on a ...

  15. Les femmes et la militarisation en Asie du Sud : bourses de ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    4 mai 2016 ... Solar dryers are improving livelihoods in Bhutan. Des séchoirs à fruits et à légumes fonctionnant à l'énergie solaire aident les résidents de villages reculés du sud‑est du Bhoutan à accroître leur. Voir davantageSolar dryers are improving livelihoods in Bhutan ...

  16. Les representations du corps chez les femmes pratiquant le fitness a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'image du corps semble bien avoir évolué et la corpulence est en passe d'être ... and control of their body (weight, health) in a context where dominant culture ... Body image seems to have evolved and corpulence is about to be devalued; ...

  17. Épidémiologie de la consommation d'alcool par les femmes ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    31 août 2014 ... Methodology and results: A survey was conducted in health centers in the city of Abidjan. This survey ... Conclusion and application of results: On these grounds, the state should start a campaign to raise awareness ... association de retard mental et de dysmorphie ..... Préférence et consommation effective.

  18. "La querelle des femmes" no final do século XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SCOTT JOAN W.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto analisa o debate feminista sobre a representação política das mulheres a partir das lutas feministas pela paridade na década de 90 na França. Mostra como francesas/es e norte-americanas/os percebem de forma estereotipada posições teóricas e práticas feministas de ambos os países, e usam estes estereótipos como argumentos pró ou contra a luta pela paridade. Comparando o debate contemporâneo com debates históricos que remontam ao início da República na França, em torno da exclusão das mulheres da representação política, a autora centra seu olhar sobre duas grandes correntes, a do movimento pela paridade e a de seus diferentes críticos -- entre eles, um grupo significativo de teóricas/os feministas contemporâneas/os (algumas/ns identificadas/os com a esquerda e outras/os com pensamento liberal -- mostrando como ambas utilizam-se de argumentos que remetem a oposições como "igualdade/diferença", "comunitarismo/universalidade"

  19. Promouvoir l'inclusion économique des jeunes et des femmes par l ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Boosting women's economic and social participation in the Middle East ... the economic inclusion of youth and women through entrepreneurship in Madagascar ... the Economic and Social Impacts of Gender Equity in Commercial Agriculture.

  20. Les sages-femmes en France : Rapport de Synthèse

    OpenAIRE

    Charrier , Philippe

    2010-01-01

    This survey aimed to understand why the midwives feel themselves overall relegated, ignored and unrecognized. This profession crosses deep changes over the past twenty years which question at the same time the professional identity and the mission of the midwife. After a series of research on the men in this profession, the author undertook a survey of more than 800 midwives in order to better understanding the sociological issues across the profession. In this analysis, it appears a real dyn...

  1. Accès des femmes à la terre et aux ressources naturelles dans les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Realties of women facing multiple exclusion in accessing land and land-based resources in pastoralist and forest dwelling communities in Uganda. 50878. Papers. Access to land and land based resources among women in pastoralist and forest-dependent communities in East Africa. 50877. Reports. Access to land and ...

  2. Accès des femmes à la terre et aux ressources naturelles dans les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Realties of women facing multiple exclusion in accessing land and land-based resources in pastoralist and forest dwelling communities in Uganda. Téléchargez le PDF. Documents. Access to land and land based resources among women in pastoralist and forest-dependent communities in East Africa. Téléchargez le PDF.

  3. Les femmes dans le secteur du travail domestique et le secteur ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet vise à rectifier le tir en faisant la lumière sur les caractéristiques ... le secteur du travail domestique et dans le secteur bancaire modifient la nature du travail ... des sciences sociales, des sciences humaines, de la santé publique ou.

  4. "A Seed Blessed by the Lord": The Role of Religious References in the Creation of Modern Hebrew

    Science.gov (United States)

    Or, Iair G.

    2016-01-01

    The nativization of Modern Hebrew at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth is one of the most commonly cited examples of language planning and (possibly) revival. The Hebrew Language Committee, which was the main body responsible for Hebrew language planning in the formative years 1890-1953, held numerous discussions…

  5. "God bless General Péron": DDT and the endgame of malaria eradication in Argentina in the 1940s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Eric D

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the politics of malaria eradication in Argentina during the first government of Juan D. Perón. The article develops the theme of historical convergence to understand the rapid mobilization and success of the climactic battle against malaria in Northwest Argentina. The nearly complete eradication of malaria in Argentina resulted from a combination of three factors. First, Carlos Alvarado, the director of Argentina's Malaria Service, had already developed a solid but flexible organizational base that allowed a dramatic change in control strategy. Second, an infusion of new technologies, especially DDT but also motor vehicles, was instrumental. Lastly, a radical reorientation of national public health policy in the 1940s, under the direction of Perón and his health minister, Ramón Carrillo, encouraged eradication. These figures embraced and refashioned long-standing organicist ideologies that hitched the strength of the nation-state to the health and vigor of its ordinary citizens. This ideological orientation was reflected in bold, populist political strategies that showcased swift, massive, and expensive public health campaigns, including malaria eradication. In the conclusion, the article explores the ambiguous connections between malaria eradication and an ecological perspective on the disease.

  6. Blessings in disguise: a review of phytochemical composition and antimicrobial activity of plants belonging to the genus Eryngium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdem, Sinem Aslan; Nabavi, Seyed Fazel; Orhan, Ilkay Erdogan; Daglia, Maria; Izadi, Morteza; Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad

    2015-12-14

    Medicinal and edible plants play a crucial role in the prevention and/or mitigation of different human diseases from ancient times to today. In folk medicine, there are different plants used for infectious disease treatment. During the past two decades, much attention has been paid to plants as novel alternative therapeutic agents for the treatment of infectious diseases due to their bioactive natural compounds such as phenol, flavonoids, tannins, etc. The genus Eryngium (Apiaceae) contains more than 250 flowering plant species, which are commonly used as edible and medicinal plants in different countries. In fact, some genus Eryngium species are used as spices and are cultivated throughout the world and others species are used for the treatment of hypertension, gastrointestinal problems, asthma, burns, fevers, diarrhea, malaria, etc. Phytochemical analysis has shown that genus Eryngium species are a rich source of flavonoids, tannins, saponins, and triterpenoids. Moreover, eryngial, one the most important and major compounds of genus Eryngium plant essential oil, possesses a significant antibacterial effect. Thus, the objective of this review is to critically review the scientific literature on the phytochemical composition and antibacterial effects of the genus Eryngium plants. In addition, we provide some information about traditional uses, cultivation, as well as phytochemistry.

  7. "Too blessed to be stressed": a rural faith community's views of African-American males and depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Keneshia; Haynes, Tiffany; Greer-Williams, Nancy; Hartwig, Mary S

    2014-06-01

    Among African-Americans, the faith community has a long history of providing support to its members. Because African-American men tend to delay and decline traditional depression treatment, the faith community may be an effective source of support. The aim of this study was to determine how a rural African-American faith community describes and perceives experiences of depression among African-American males. A convenience sample of 24 men and women participated in focus groups and interview. Four themes were identified: defining depression, etiology of depression, denial of depression, and effect of masculine roles on depression experience.

  8. Is gold mining a bane or a blessing in Sub-Saharan Africa: The case of Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Divine Odame Appiah

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Mining is one of the controversial industries, all over the world, particularly in sub-Saharan African countries. This is because the industry is fraught with lots of institutional and socio-economic contradictions, which is characterized by large multi-national companies. Mining in Ghana’s western region, where gold is mainly exploited, presents different situations with greater expectations for community development. In all, a total of 102 household questionnaires and key informant interviews were administered and conducted in the three selected communities respectively. In Ghana, host communities to multinational companies have lived on their edges, typified by abject poverty, state of despondency and sometimes, productive resources dispossession. These, the study found out to be contrary to what should be expected from the assertion of gold mining; which connotes wealth creation and development. Using a qualitative and quantitative research design in three selected communities: Tarkwa, Damang and Prestea in the Western region of Ghana, we examine these paradoxes in the context of the relationships between mining companies and the socio-economic implications of livelihoods and survival of these communities.

  9. Blessings for All? Community-Based Ecotourism in Bali Between Global, National, and Local Interests – A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Byczek

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available As a major island destination in South-East Asia, Bali has won a global reputation as one of the last paradises on earth. As one of the largest industries in the world, global tourism is utilised by the governments of many developing countries as an agent for development and national integration. However, local communities level the criticism that mass tourism has not only brought economic growth but also caused ecological and social costs. In reaction to the excessive developments of the past decades, local Balinese have started to actively implement community-based tourism. The ecotourism village-network Jaringan Ekowisata Desa seeks a more sustainable approach to tourism through stronger ownership and the minimisation of negative ecological impacts. The case study presented is based on fieldwork which took place in 2010. It aims to find answers to the questions of whether and to what extent community-based ecotourism initiatives may constitute a sustainable alternative to the negative effects associated with mass tourism. --- Bali gilt innerhalb der Tourismusindustrie als Inbegriff von Exotik und als eines der letzen Paradiese auf Erden. Seit jeher werden die vielfältigen Auswirkungen des Tourismus auf der Insel kontrovers diskutiert. Während vornehmlich Eliten an der in nationalem Interesse forcierten Tourismusentwicklung der südostasiatischen Top-Destination profitieren, kritisiert die einheimische Bevölkerung unzureichende Mitspracherechte und die Vernachlässigung von Nachhaltigkeitskriterien. In Reakti- on wurden seitens der Balinesen Projekte des gemeindebasierten Tourismus ins Leben gerufen. Das Ökotourismus-Dorf-Netzwerk Jaringan Ekowisata Desa ist eine solche Initiative, die sich der lokalen Eigentümerschaft und der Minimierung negativer ökologischer Folgen verschreibt. Anhand der hier präsentierten Fallstudie zu dem zivilgesellschaftlichen Projekt soll beantwortet werden, inwiefern gemeindebasierter Ökotourismus eine Alternative zu den in Zusammenhang mit Massentourismus in Verbindung gebrachten Übeln darstellt.

  10. A National Blessing: Debt and Public Credit in the Atlantic Foundation of the United States of America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Battistini

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In the premises, the author analyses how the different historiographical trends concerning the Atlantic world have reduced the centrality of the State, and recent researches which focused on the processes of State-building and on the financial revolutions between the Seventeenth and the Nineteenth centuries. Within this frame, the essay outlines an Atlantic history of the foundation of the U.S. through a reading of the Report on Public Credit (1782 of Robert Morris, Superintendent of Finances, and some writings of Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury. The author argues that the institution of public debt and the foundation of the national bank constituted an adequate response not only to the need of State which characterized European history, but also to the capitalistic practices which marked European economies. The author underlines the continuity between the processes of State-building and the transition to capitalism in Europe and America in the age of the democratic revolutions.

  11. A 'blessed asylum' or a utopian vision : the viability of a Protestant nunnery in early nineteenth-century England

    OpenAIRE

    Collier, J

    2014-01-01

    In 1694, Mary Astell proposed the establishment of Protestant nunneries in England; in 1809, Helena Whitford reiterated the theme; yet, it was Lady Isabella King in 1816 who sought to put this radical idea into effect. A single, Irish, evangelically influenced gentlewoman, a younger daughter of the Earl of Kingston, she established the Ladies’ Association, a ‘conventual’ home for eighteen distressed gentlewomen at Bailbrook House in Bath in 1816, securing support for it from such influential ...

  12. The effects of counting blessings on subjective well-being: a gratitude intervention in a Spanish sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Martí, María Luisa; Avia, María Dolores; Hernández-Lloreda, María José

    2010-11-01

    This study examined a gratitude intervention repeating Emmons and McCullough study (2003) in a Spanish sample, Participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions (gratitude, hassles and any event) and kept daily records during 2 weeks of gratitude, affect, quality of relationships, physical and subjective well-being. We added design features to assess the intervention long-term impact (follow-up measures), and to improve the design control (pre-treatment measures). Following the cited authors' analysis, i.e., comparing groups only in the post-test, we replicated their results, finding differences in positive affect and gratitude between the gratitude condition and the hassles condition. However, when including both the pre and the follow-up measures in the analysis, results were replicated only partially, as the difference in gratitude disappeared. Moreover, the difference in positive affect between groups in the post-test seemed to be influenced mainly by a decrease in positive affect in the hassles group. Post-test differences between groups in positive affect disappeared in the follow-up. Gratitude interventions may have an effect on well-being, but we consider other methods to promote gratitude besides gratitude journals should be tested.

  13. Juruena local healers and the plants and verbal blessings they use for healing in Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Regina Antunes Maciel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Quack benediction has been used in Europe since the middle ages to treat lots of illness. In Brazil the bezendores appeared during the XVII century and interpretation of their knowledge, traditional use and management of plant resources are commonly addressed in ethnobotanical studies. Braziliam bezendores prescribe plants that can be used as medicine or as an amulet for personal protection. This use of plant material are present in the national popular culture. The present study was carried out at the municipality of Juruena, in Mato Grosso state, and it aimed to understand the importance of benzedeiras, to identify the plants used by them and how they are prescribed and manipulated. To reach the objectives we used techniques of participant-observation, semi-structured interviews and intentional samples. Additionally botanical material were collected and is deposited in the UFMT Herbarium. Four benzedeiras were interviewed between Septembrer/2002 and November of 2003 and they revealed an expressive botanical knowledge relating to quack benediction. They can benzer, prepare and prescribe teas, bottle preparative, medicinal baths and unguents. The illness cited by the benzedeiras was grouped as physical (for example, toothache, bellyache, and spiritual. A total of 87 ethno-species was mentioned arranged in 31 botanical families and between them it is important to pointing out erva-de-Santa-Maria (Chenopodium ambrosioides L., chapéu-de-couro (Echinodorus macrophyllus Miq., quina-do-mato (Strychnos sp., ipê-roxo (Tabebuia heptaphylla (Vell. Toledo, arruda (Ruta graveolens L., guiné (Petiveria alliacea L., comigo-ninguém-pode (Dieffenbachia picta L.. The popular medicine practiced by bezendeiras meets the necessities of people that is looking for the cure for its own problems. Values and cultural heritage are inserted in the "benzimento" and this culture is alive at Juruena.

  14. A tale of two countries : blessed with huge heavy oil resources, Canada and Venezuela pursue different paths

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ball, C.

    2005-01-01

    Both Canada and Venezuela are rich in heavy oil resources. This article presented an overview of current development activities in both countries. International interest in the oil sands region has been highlighted by the French oil company Total's acquisition of Deer Creek Energy Ltd in Alberta for $1.35 billion. The acquisition supports the company's strategy of expanding heavy oil operations in the Athabasca region. With 47 per cent participation in the Sincor project, Total is already a major player in Venezuela. Although the Sincor project is one of the world's largest developments, future investment is in jeopardy due to an unpredictable government and shifts in policy by the state-run oil company Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA). The country's energy minister has recently announced that all existing agreements will be terminated as of December 31, 2005. The government has allowed 6 months for companies to enter into new agreements with new terms. Under revised rules, foreign companies will be required to pay income tax at a rate of 50 per cent. The rate will be applied retroactively to profits made over the last 5 years. Under the new law, agreements could be established under the terms of mixed companies, where Venezuela will have majority equity in the company that exploits the oil. In addition, the government has accused companies of not paying the required income tax levels on contracts, and some companies have been fined as much as $100 million. It was suggested that current difficulties are the result of an incoherent energy policy and an unstable regime. The international oil and gas community is watching developments, and it was anticipated that parties previously considering Venezuela as an investment opportunity will now reconsider. By contrast, Alberta has been praised by oil companies for its stable regulatory regime and its reasonable royalty structure. Thanks to a purge of 18,000 employees from PDVSA by Venezuelan president, Alberta is now enjoying a fresh pool of talent from Venezuela, including the petrochemist Pedro Pereira-Almao, who was recently made co-director of the Alberta Ingenuity Centre for In Situ Energy. Because of the similarities between the Orinoco Belt in Venezuela and Alberta's oil sands, the technologies are transferable. Alberta is now enjoying the expertise of about 2000 technically skilled Venezuelans. 2 figs

  15. “It’s a blessing and a curse”: Perspectives on tablet use in children with autism spectrum disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amie M King

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and aims This qualitative study was conducted to obtain information regarding education professionals’ (i.e., classroom teachers’ and speech-language pathologists’ perspectives about tablet technology use in classrooms of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (CWASD. Methods Seventeen education professionals from a special day school for CWASD participated in one of four focus groups that provided information and insight regarding the context in which tablets are being used, challenges in implementing tablets, and perspectives on how tablets can be used most effectively. Results Four interrelated themes emerged from the data including the participants’ perspectives related to: (a the distinct uses of tablets; (b challenges and challenging behavior associated with tablet use; (c causal factors of the challenges; and (d the value of tablets, and the continued desire and dedication to using the tablets; Conclusions and implications The results from this study suggest that education professionals have unique and insightful opinions related to tablets. There appears to be gaps between the current research base on tablet use in CWASD and “real world” practice, suggesting that further research is needed in the implementation of tablets in classrooms of CWASD.

  16. Teleradiology - a blessing or a curse; Teleradiologie - Segen oder Fluch? Vier Jahre Routine im Teleradiologischen Datennetz Nordhessen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bodemeyer, J.; Mariss, G. [Radiologisches Inst. in der Hardtwaldklinik I - Praxis Dres. med. Mariss/Aref, Bad Zwesten (Germany); Gursky, S. [Medos AG, Langenselbold GSt., Eilenburg (Germany)

    2002-02-01

    Several hospitals in northern Hessen, not having their own radiology departments, want to run CT-scanners with the goal of improving medical quality. They requested co-operation from the Radiological Institute in the Hardtwaldklinik 1 in Bad Zwesten. Therefore a teleradiological network was developed, which enables the exchange of radiological-images and -reports between 19 hospitals today. An elementary requirement for this co-operation is an efficient and functional computer infrastructure and verified co-operation contracts. The conception, structure and development of the program, as well as associated difficulties are presented and discussed from different perspectives in the light of the controversy among experts. The results, experiences and benefits gained in four years, in which the teleradiological network of northern Hessen has been in place, demonstrate the importance and possibilities of teleradiology as an element of telemedicine. Teleradiology/telediagnostics improves the quality of patient care in smaller hospitals located in less-populated areas and present possibilities to optimize and integrate health care structures, taking economic considerations into account. (orig.) [German] Mehrere Krankenhaeuser der Grund- und Regelversorgung in Nordhessen, die nicht ueber eine eigene radiologische Fachabteilung verfuegen, wollen eigene Computertomographen mit dem Ziel der medizinischen Qualitaetsverbesserung betreiben und traten 1997 mit dem Wunsch nach Kooperation an das Radiologische Institut der Hardtwaldklinik I, Bad Zwesten - Praxis Dres. med. Mariss/Aref, heran. Es entwickelte sich daraus ein Datennetz, mit dem heute 19 Krankenhaeuser radiologische Bild- und Befunddaten via ISDN austauschen koennen. Elementare Voraussetzung hierfuer sind eine effiziente und funktionale EDV-Infrastruktur und juristisch abgesicherte Kooperationsvertraege. Konzeption, Aufbau und Entwicklung der teleradiologischen Kooperationen sowie verbundene Probleme werden dargestellt und vor dem Hintergrund kontroverser Ansichten in Fachkreisen unter verschiedenen Gesichtspunkten diskutiert. Die Ergebnisse, Erfahrungen und Benefits aus 4 Jahren Teleradiologie Datennetz Nordhessen zeigen die wichtige Bedeutung und die Moeglichkeiten von Teleradiologie als Bestandteil der Telemedizin. Teleradiologie/Telediagnostik verbessert die Patientenversorgung in duennbesiedelten Regionen an kleineren Krankenhaeusern und eroeffnet Moeglichkeiten zur Optimierung integrativer Versorgungsstrukturen, auch unter wirtschaftlichen Gesichtspunkten. (orig.)

  17. The Most Blessed Room in the City: The Influence of a Youth Development Program on Three Young Black Males

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodland, Malcolm H.; Martin, Justin F.; Hill, R. LeRoi; Worrell, Frank C.

    2009-01-01

    The social and educational life risks associated with being a Black male in the United States are not novel concerns. However, researchers, policymakers, educators, and other stakeholders have yet to consistently identify programs and interventions that can mediate the inequities that confront young Black men. Some researchers have indicated that…

  18. Interest of the SPECT-CT to D.M.S.A.-V images merging in the management of thyroid medullary carcinomas; Interets de la fusion d'image TEMP-TDM au DMSA-V dans la prise en charge des carcinomes medullaires de la thyroide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menemani, A.; Mebarki, M.; Slama, A.; Khellil, N.; Meghelli, S.; Lachachi, B.; Krim, M.; Merad, S.; Berber, N. [CHU Tlemcen, Service de medecine nucleaire (Algeria)

    2010-07-01

    Purpose: hybrid imaging associating SPECT and CT, integers functional and anatomical data. The aim of this communication is to present the contribution of the SPECT coupled to CT with D.M.S.A. V. in our daily practice of the medullary thyroid carcinomas management. Conclusions: the SPECT/CT got by a system of images merging allows a better anatomical location and improves the management of thyroid medullary carcinomas. (N.C.)

  19. Sage-femme et interruption volontaire de grossesse médicamenteuseEnquête auprès des sages-femmes de la région Provence Alpes Côte d'Azur (PACA)

    OpenAIRE

    Seiler, Pauline

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: In France the number of abortions is stable since 2006 and doesn’t change much. The right of abortion has evolved during the last few years, the project of health law 2015 considers to allow the midwives of practicing medical abortions.Objective: To determine the role and the place of the midwife in medical abortion care.Methods: It is a descriptive forward-looking study by questionnaires. 311 midwives who work in the region Provence Alpes Côte d’Azur (PACA) took part in this st...

  20. Droits des femmes et accès à l'eau et aux systèmes d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Partout sur la planète, les citadines pauvres doivent composer chaque jour avec les problèmes liés à l'absence de systèmes d'assainissement sûrs, abordables, accessibles et appropriées. L'ONG Women in Cities International (WICI) tente de trouver des moyens de remédier à cette situation en Inde. Cette subvention lui ...

  1. En Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes, de plus en plus de femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Canada-Latin America and Caribbean Zika Virus Research Program. A new funding opportunity on Zika virus is responding to the virus outbreak and the health threat it represents for the affected populations in the hardest hit countries in Latin America and the... View moreCanada-Latin America and Caribbean Zika Virus ...

  2. Claire Lescofitt, Femmes et féminismes à la Ligue des Droits de l'Homme, 1914-1940

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Lescofitt

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Par son nom, la Ligue des Droits de l’Homme (LDH, association centenaire, choisit de faire explicitement référence à la Déclaration des Droits de l’Homme de 1789, texte fondamental de la démocratie française, et largement repris à travers le monde. Elle affiche clairement ses ambitions : elle entend se donner pour rôle de faire respecter les Droits tels qu’ils sont énoncés dans la Déclaration des Droits de l’Homme.Mais en revendiquant cet héritage, aussi glorieux que riche, la LDH pose à nou...

  3. Le refus de la violence. Vies de femmes, entre l'Algérie et la France

    OpenAIRE

    Lebas , Clotilde

    2013-01-01

    "gender studies";"violence";"migration";"body" ''embodiement'';''gender technologies'';"life narratives";"Algeria";"France"; My research stems from a strong interest for experiences and explorations able to blur the lines of division between genders. As an anthropologist, I endeavored to seize this trouble through an inquiry allowing to bring to light the modes of embodiment of gender assignments and the possibles created by those who, in a moment of their life, have rejected them. First of a...

  4. « J'aurais préféré ne pas le savoir » : pourquoi les femmes au ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    17 août 2017 ... Tout au long de mon enfance et de ma jeunesse, le VIH était la crainte à avoir, synonyme d'une condamnation à mort. Malheureusement, malgré les défis et les préjugés qui demeurent, le Swaziland a fait des progrès importants. Le dépistage du VIH et les programmes de counseling sont largement ...

  5. Croissance de l'économie et débouchés économiques des femmes ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Savoir. Innovation. Solutions. Carrières · Communiquez avec nous · Plan du site. Abonnez-vous à notre bulletin pour recevoir les nouvelles du CRDI chaque mois. Abonnez-vous · Droits d'auteur · Éthique de la recherche · Politique de libre accès · Politique de confidentialité · Transparence · Utilisation du site Web. Suivez- ...

  6. Étude sur l'escalade de la violence faite aux femmes en Amérique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    21 juin 2016 ... Mini soap operas foster financial education and inclusion of women in Peru. Having little or no savings can be devastating for poor families, especially in times of crisis. View moreMini soap operas foster financial education and inclusion of women in Peru ...

  7. Ascite fébrile chez la femme, ne pas méconnaitre une tumeur de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    La découverte de ces métastases ovariennes était survenue à distance des foyers primitifs. L'atteinte des ovaires était bilatérale dans le premier cas et unilatérale droite dans le second cas. Le diagnostic est apporté par la tomodensitométrie abdominopelvienne dans les deux cas. La fibroscopie oesogastroduodénale avait ...

  8. Les nouvelles frontières entre vie professionnelle et vie privée chez les femmes comptables professionnelles

    OpenAIRE

    Lupu , Ioana; Le Theule , Marie-Astrid

    2012-01-01

    International audience; This article aims to contribute to the understanding of the reconciliation of professional and private lives of women professional accountants in France. One of the characteristics of accounting firms is over-investment. Women combine their private and professional life through work arrangements introducing flexibility in their space-time. Interviews were conducted with women accountants in order to understand how the new technologies can help balance their family and ...

  9. Les femmes sur le marché du travail et la violence : bâtir des lieux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... indique des niveaux élevés de discrimination, de harcèlement et d'agression sexuelle ... Labouring women and violence: Building workplaces free of violence ... reported disturbingly high levels of violence against women in the workplace.

  10. The Out of Africa hypothesis and the ancestry of recent humans: Cherchez la femme (et l'homme).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Árnason, Úlfur

    2016-07-01

    The Out of Africa hypothesis (OOAH) has been a mainstay in the discussion of human evolution since its presentation in the 1980's. However, recent advances in palaeontology and molecular genetics have made it possible to examine the hypothesis in a manner that was inconceivable at the time of its proposal. The palaeontological progress relates to early Homo finds in the Caucasus, Denisova finds in the Altai Mountains and Neanderthal finds in a wide range of localities from the Altai Mountains, the Caucasus, the Levant, Asia Minor, southern and Central Europe and the Iberian Peninsula. The Eurasian location of these finds and recognition of the principle of Last common ancestor (LCA) lend no support to OOAH. The same conclusion is drawn from genomic findings, which (a) have revealed the presence of Denisovan and Neanderthal nuclear DNA, primarily in the genomes of recent Eurasians and (b) have shown genomic introgression from early modern humans into Neanderthals in the Altai Mountains. Similarly, archaeological finds in Sulawesi and the discovery of ≈100,000years old human teeth in southern China constitute strong independent challenges to OOAH. The genomic and palaeogenomic results and the new palaeontological and archaeological discoveries suggest (a) that the ancestors of modern humans had their origin in a Eurasian (largely Asian) biogeographic region which may also have extended into NE Africa, and (b) that the founders of basal African lineages became separated, geographically and genetically, in the westernmost part of this region and spread from there to different parts of the African continent. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Martine Monacelli et Michel Prum. Ces hommes qui épousèrent la cause des femmes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric REGARD

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage collectif compte dix chapitres, consacrés chacun à l’un des « pionniers » hommes du féminisme. Les militants ou sympathisants sont  pour certains très célèbres, mais pour d’autres pratiquement inconnus, William Godwin, John Stuart Mill, William Thompson et Edward Carpenter côtoyant William Johnson Fox, George Lansbury, Israel Zangwill, Frederick Pethic-Lawrence, Frederick Billington-Greig ou encore Victor Duval. Une bibliographie sélective complète l’ouvrage, malheureusement dépou...

  12. Sociétés certifiées B : favoriser les occasions pour les femmes et les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    ... et a augmenté les occasions sur le marché du travail en Amérique latine. ... Fundación Impulsora de un Nuevo Sector en la Economía Sistema B. Institution Country. Chile ... IDRC panel tackles early marriage at UN Status of Women forum.

  13. Les femmes politiques tcheques dans les débats télévisés

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Čmejrková, Světla

    -, č. 9 (2006), s. 29-45 ISSN 1633-5961. [Cooperative and Conflicting Communication. Bucurest, 26.05.2005-29.05.2005] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA9061303 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90610518 Keywords : Czech * gender * interview Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  14. Crimes perpétrés contre les femmes au nom de l'honneur : droits et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Dans la plupart des pays d'Asie du Sud, il existe des systèmes juridiques officieux et officiels dont les pouvoirs se recoupent. Le système judiciaire officieux - ou pratique coutumière - est souvent celui qui régit les limites dans lesquelles les gens interagissent. Les médias font état d'un nombre alarmant de " crimes ...

  15. Pourquoi pas nous? Statut social et 'adultéité politique' des femmes gando au Bénin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hahonou, Eric Komlavi

    2012-01-01

    In African political cultures, being a young woman of servile status seems to combine all the criteria for marginalization vis-à-vis the political sphere. However, since the democratic decentralization reforms in western Africa, the rules of the local political game have changed. In Northern Benin......, young intellectual women of servile (Gando) origin have been able to gain positions of power after the 2008 cities elections. This article analyzes the conditions of this female political emergence. Without questioning male dominance or being mere instruments of male politicians, these political women...

  16. Between butch/femme: On the performance of race, gender, and sexuality in a YouTube web series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Faithe

    2017-11-27

    Drawing on a legacy of Black television and film production, Black web series remediate earlier media forms in order to usher in a twenty-first-century revival of indie Black cultural production. Specifically, video sharing and social media platforms operate as a sphere in which content creators and users are afforded unique opportunities to engage with video content and each other on a variety of levels. Focusing on the YouTube media sphere, one can also observe the myriad ways in which the performance of race, gender, and sexuality influences the types of discourse that circulate within these sites. In watching and analyzing Black queer web series on YouTube, I examine how the performance of gender and sexuality by Black queer women within and outside of web series are policed and protected by both community insiders and outsiders. Utilizing an ethnographic framework, which includes a critical discourse analysis of the YouTube comments for the series Between Women, as well as a textual analysis of series content, this project draws conclusions about the role that the politics of pleasure, performance, and the public sphere play in the recognition and/or refusal of queer sexuality within Black communities.

  17. The nanny in the schoolhouse: the role of femme-Caribbean identity in attaining success in urban science classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimes, Nicole K.

    2013-06-01

    A growing body of teacher identity-based research has begun to embrace that the development of self-understanding about being a teacher is critical to learning how to teach. Construction of a professional teacher identity requires much more beyond mere content, skills and a foundational pedagogy. It also includes an intersection of the personal and professional self, which gives way to the emergence of multiple identities in the classroom. An educator's gender, nationality, language and interests among other tenets all permeate the classroom field and coexist alongside the professional role identity. This paper aims to use narrative as a way to discuss how science educators can mediate holding several identities in the classroom in order to create an environment characterized by successful teaching and learning. Drawing from an array of sociocultural theoretical perspectives, complementary constructs of identity by Jonathan Turner (Face to face: toward a sociological theory of interpersonal behavior. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 2002) and Amartya Sen (Identity and violence: the illusion of destiny. W. W. Norton, New York, 2006), George Lakoff's (Metaphors we live by. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1980) work on metonymy, and David Bloome's (2005) theorization of the power of caring relationships, I explore the ways in which my Black female Caribbean identity has transformed the science classroom field and created positive resonance for some of my privileged White students who have Caribbean caretakers at home. To begin, I unpack how Afro-Caribbean immigration to urban centers in the United States continues to produce childcare occupational opportunities in places like New York City. Being a first generation Trinidadian immigrant, my many identities have structured my science teaching praxis and consequently transformed the way my students learn science. A significant part of this paper is a reflexive account of experiences (primarily dialogue) with science students situated both within and outside the science classroom. Conversations with students who were raised through the hired help of Caribbean nannies have revealed that there is a strong resemblance to the way they perceive their caretakers as they do me—their instructor. These conversations serve as a backdrop to illuminate the dynamic nature of identity construction and its relationship to the development of ongoing dialogue. The hope is that this autoethnographic work illustrates the salience of student lifeworlds in affording opportunities for success in the science classroom. Additionally, this research seeks to illustrate how understanding the unconscious `backgrounding' and `foregrounding' of certain identities in the classroom can improve one's praxis in the urban science classroom and possibly increase student success in science. It is also hoped that this story reiterates the importance of using stories for purposes of scholarship, for moving towards better understandings of the social situations we are concerned to investigate as researchers and for better communication of those understandings.

  18. SCALA : Établir le lien entre les jeunes et les femmes vulnérables et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Les trois quarts des entrepreneurs gèrent des microentreprises; ils exploitent donc de petites entreprises qui emploient souvent une ou deux personnes. Bon nombre de ces ... de microfinance et ONG. La recherche appuiera la mise en oeuvre et le soutien de l'expansion des modèles à l'échelle régionale et mondiale.

  19. Les femmes sur le marché du travail et la violence : bâtir des lieux ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Une étude récente sur les conditions de travail d'employées du secteur du vêtement au Cambodge indique des niveaux élevés de discrimination, de harcèlement et d'agression sexuelle dans les usines, et un autre rapport révèle que les travailleuses du même secteur en Inde sont nombreuses à être victimes d'agressions ...

  20. Les dimensions d’une ombre: résonances intermédiales et collaborations artistiques entre femmes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryse Larivière

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Au sujet de l’ouvrage d’Andrea Oberhuber, Corps de papier : résonances[avec des accompagnements de Catherine Mavrikakis, Nicole Brossard et Verena Stefan] (Québec, QC, Nota Bene, 2012, 237 p. ISBN: 978-2-89518-442-3.

  1. Femme Fatale: An Examination of the Role of Women in Combat and the Policy Implications for Future American Military Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    Amazons . The mention of the word evokes images of tall, strong combative women who abandoned femininity and the protection of male companions to...live as their own tribe . Most assume that these are merely mythical tales about female warriors yet greater writers such as Homer and Plato described a... tribe of these women living in the southern areas of the former Soviet Union.2 Archeological evidence supports the idea that women participated in

  2. Droits des femmes et accès à l'eau et aux systèmes d ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    L'ONG Women in Cities International (WICI) tente de trouver des moyens de remédier à cette situation en Inde. Cette subvention lui permettra d'utiliser le ... Le CRDI aide l'Inde à s'adapter aux changements climatiques au moyen de données probantes, et en faisant preuve d'innovation. Le CRDI investit dans des solutions ...

  3. SCALA : Établir le lien entre les jeunes et les femmes vulnérables et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Micro-franchise et valeur sociale. L'équipe de recherche utilisera des réseaux de distribution exclusifs, ou des micro-franchises, pour ce projet. Il existe des modèles commerciaux qui servent à la commercialisation des produits et services et offrent une valeur sociale, tout en générant des possibilités commerciales stables ...

  4. Rééducation pelvi-périnéale et troubles de la statique pelvienne de la femme

    OpenAIRE

    Thubert , Thibault; Bakker , Els; Fritel , Xavier

    2015-01-01

    International audience; Our goal is to provide an update on the results of pelvic floor rehabilitation in the treatment of urinary incontinence and genital prolapse symptoms.Pelvic floor muscle training allows a reduction of urinary incontinence symptoms. Pelvic floor muscle contractions supervised by a healthcare professional allow cure in half cases of stress urinary incontinence. Viewing this contraction through biofeedback improves outcomes, but this effect could also be due by a more int...

  5. Quand les ergonomes sont sortis du laboratoire.... à propos du travail des femmes dans l’industrie électronique (1963 – 1973 When the ergonomists emerged from the laboratory... about women’s work in the electronics industry (1963-1973. Collective reflection on the roots of a cooperative dynamic between union action and research-training-action Cuando los ergónomos salieron del laboratorio… a propósito del trabajo de las mujeres en la industria electrónica (1963 - 1973. Retro-reflexión colectiva sobre el origen de una dinámica de cooperación entre acción sindical e investigación-formación-acción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Teiger

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Cette réflexion collective sur la première recherche « de terrain » (il y a 40 ans ! des ergonomes du Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (Paris, associe des syndicalistes (« demandeurs » et des ergonomes (« réalisateurs ». Elle vise à reconstituer le déroulement de cette expérience commune et à tirer des enseignements concernant action syndicale, production des connaissances ergonomiques et transformation du travail. Par le mode d’entrée des chercheurs dans l’entreprise, l’élaboration progressive de la démarche, la production de connaissances inattendues sur le travail réel et ses effets sur la santé, cette recherche sur le travail des femmes ouvrières de la production de masse marque un tournant épistémologique en ergonomie. Obligeant à inventer de nouvelles méthodes, de nouvelles postures de recherche en reconnaissant « l’expertise ouvrière », de nouveaux modèles de l’activité de travail, elle jette les bases d’une dynamique « tourbillonnaire » prolongée jusqu’aujourd’hui fondée sur la coopération entre acteurs et articulant recherche, formation et action. Développements et limites sont aussi soulignés.This collective reflection on the first field study (40 years ago! conducted by ergonomists from Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (Paris is produced jointly by union representatives who requested the research and by ergonomists who conducted it. The aim is to piece together the flow of events in this common experience and to draw lessons about union action, the production of ergonomic knowledge, and work transformation. This research project on the work of female mass production workers marked an epistemological turning point in ergonomics, due to a number of factors: how the researchers entered the workplace, the progressive development of the research process, and the production of unexpected knowledge on the « real » work and its effects on health. New

  6. Safe Ride Standards for Casualty Evacuation Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (Normes de transport sans danger pour l’evacuation des blesses par vehicules aeriens sans pilote)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    September 2008. 11.2 CLINICAL AND OPERATIONAL DOCUMENTS Aerospace Medical Association Air Transport Committee, “Medical Guidelines for Airline ...RTO-MP-HFM-157////MP-HFM-157-19.doc. Turner, S., Ruth, M.J. and Bruce, D.L., “In Flight Catering : Feeding Critical Care Patients During Aeromedical...feet. 8 Turner, S., Ruth, M.J. and Bruce, D.L. “In flight catering : Feeding critical care patients during aeromedical evacuation”. 9 Renz, E.M

  7. May the blessed man win: a critique of the categorical preference for natural talent over doping as proper origins of athletic ability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonte, Pieter; Sterckx, Sigrid; Pennings, Guido

    2014-08-01

    Doping scandals can reveal unresolved tensions between the meritocratic values of equal opportunity + reward for effort and the "talentocratic" love of hereditary privilege. Whence this special reverence for talent? We analyze the following arguments: (1) talent is a unique indicator of greater potential, whereas doping enables only temporary boosts (the fluke critique); (2) developing a talent is an authentic endeavor of "becoming who you are," whereas reforming the fundamentals of your birth suit via artifice is an act of alienation (the phony critique); (3) your (lack of) talent informs you of your proper place and purpose in life, whereas doping frustrates such an amor fati self-understanding (the fateless critique). We conclude that these arguments fail to justify a categorical preference for natural talent over integrated artifice. Instead, they illustrate the extent to which unsavory beliefs about "nature's aristocracy" may still be at play in the moral theatre of sports. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press, on behalf of the Journal of Medicine and Philosophy Inc. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  8. Why seeking help from teammates is a blessing and a curse: a theory of help seeking and individual creativity in team contexts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Jennifer S; Kamdar, Dishan

    2011-03-01

    Research has not explored the extent to which seeking help from teammates positively relates to a person's own creativity. This question is important to explore as help seeking is commonly enacted in organizations and may come with reciprocation costs that may also diminish creativity. Results based on 291 employees in a single division of a large multinational organization revealed that seeking help predicted creativity and mediated the relationship between intrinsic motivation and creativity. However, help seekers also incurred reciprocation costs in that they tended to give more help to teammates, and giving help to teammates was negatively related to creativity. In general, giving higher levels of help attenuated the positive relationship between help seeking and creativity. We also tested an integrated model to show that help giving moderated the mediated relationship between intrinsic motivation and creativity via help seeking, such that higher levels of help giving attenuated this mediated effect. We discuss theoretical and practical implications recommending additional research regarding the interpersonal creative process in team contexts. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved.

  9. May the blessed Man win: a critique of the categorical preference for natural talent over doping as proper origins of athletic ability

    OpenAIRE

    Bonte, Pieter; Pennings, Guido; Sterckx, Sigrid

    2014-01-01

    Doping scandals can reveal unresolved tensions between the meritocratic values of equal opportunity + reward for effort and the "talentocratic" love of hereditary privilege. Whence this special reverence for talent? We analyze the following arguments: (1) talent is a unique indicator of greater potential, whereas doping enables only temporary boosts (the fluke critique); (2) developing a talent is an authentic endeavor of "becoming who you are,"whereas reforming the fundamentals of your birth...

  10. Teaching and Learning English in Tanzania: Blessing or Curse? A Practical Review of Phan Le Ha's Teaching English as an International Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mtallo, Godson Robert

    2015-01-01

    This paper is inspired by the work of Phan Le Ha (2008) in her book titled Teaching English as an International Language: Identity, Resistance, and Negotiation in which she presented the way English language is taught in Vietnam and the emergence of conflicting classes of western-trained Vietnamese teachers of English versus non western trained…

  11. A Viennese Project in Valpovo (Croatia. Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Valpovo and Baroque Churches with Two-Bay Naves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horvat-Levaj, Katarina

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The Parish Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary in Valpovo (1733–1736, exceptional both in its spatial organization and the design of its exterior, was constructed in specific circumstances in the aftermath of the liberation of Slavonia from the Ottoman occupation. The old lands of Valpovo, with the medieval fort of Morović, were, in accordance with the Habsburg politics, given as a feud to Baron Hilleprand by Charles VI. The baron initiated the construction of a monumental parish church on his estate by commissioning its design in Vienna, as evidenced by the rich archival material on Hilleprand's property housed at the State Archive in Osijek. In keeping with the provenance of its design, the church was built as a monumental structure consisting of a two-bay nave covered with domical vaults and flanked by a narrower semicircular groin-vaulted sanctuary and a facade belfry. The type represented by the church in Valpovo – single-aisled structure with two bays – was a sort of innovation by Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt, inspired by the famous church of San Fedele in Milan (1569 and often used by Hildebrandt in his own church projects built under the patronage of high Austrian nobility, such as the parish church in Seelowitz in Moravia (1722–27 with an integrated facade belfry, or the parish churches in Aspersdorf (1730, Stranzendorf (1733 and Großstelzendorf (1735–37. This architectural type was adopted and further developed by Hildebrandt's contemporaries, especially his immediate follower Franz Anton Pilgram, a Viennese architect whose design for the parish church in Münchendorf (1740 shows great similarity with the Valpovo church, both in its proportions and in the treatment of details. All this is hardly surprising if one keeps in mind the Viennese origin and the courtly status of the commissioner and donor of the parish church in Valpovo. It took more than two decades for the spatial features of this church to become popular in Slavonia, while its proportions and monumentality remained almost unsurpassed, with only few exceptions.

  12. The ascent of the blessed: regulatory issues on health effects and health claims for probiotics in Europe and the rest of the world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dronkers, T M G; Krist, L; Van Overveld, F J; Rijkers, G T

    2018-05-25

    The outcome of the first series of health claim applications for probiotics in Europe as evaluated by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has, up to 2013 almost completely yielded negative results. All recent applications also have been rejected, including the latest on prevention of mastitis in breastfeeding mothers. In other developed countries, such as Switzerland, Japan and Canada, the health effects of probiotics, for which scientific evidence has been provided, can be communicated to potential consumers. The number of clinical trials with probiotics over recent years shows a trend to level off or even decline. At the same time, clinical research into the role of (gut) microbiota in a wide variety of diseases and conditions is booming. Ultimately, this may offer new indications for gut microbiota management by probiotics, prebiotics or other food supplements.

  13. Radiological risks in an operational environment; Risque radiologique en operation exterieure: prise en charge initiale d'un blesse irradie ou contamine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castagnet, X.; Lafferrerie, C. [Service Medical BCRM de Toulon, Escadrille des sous-marins nucleaires d' attaque, 83 - Toulon (France); Amabile, J.C.; Cazoulat, A.; Laroche, P. [Service de Protection radiologique des armees, 94 - Clamart (France)

    2010-10-15

    A radiological hazard (e. g. a detonating dirty bomb or accidental radionuclide dispersion) leading to a large number of contaminated or irradiated people needing immediate medical assistance is one of the main threats our troops deployed in an operational environment are facing. Immediate first aid anyway shall take precedence over decontamination but the unique nature of these injuries necessitates specific medical knowledge and training. A contaminated victim needs a rapid -clinical physical and biological- medical evaluation which will determine the amount of required medical support. A person with external contamination needs to be rapidly cleansed to limit spreading surface burns as well as limiting the possible contamination internally spreading into the body. A person with internal contamination requires rapid decontamination at the wound point and antidotes to internally cleanse the body. In France, the Military Health Service has developed a centre of expertise at the Percy military hospital near Paris which is geared up to deal with the victims of radiological attacks. It also has a mobile laboratory equipped with full radio toxicology equipment and body dosimeters to enable rapid and effective results when required. (authors)

  14. Blessing of dimensionality if forecasting house price growth rate in the 9 census divisions of the US: 7th Triennial Conference 2009

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Das, Sonali

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Das3_2009.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 11099 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Das3_2009.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Motivation Models Data Results..., Pretoria 3University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg 7th Triennial, Kolkata, 2009 Das, Gupta and Kabundi Motivation Models Data Results Conclusion Main question Background Outline 1 Motivation 2 Models 3 Data 4 Results 5 Conclusion 2 / 24...

  15. Blessing of dimensionality in forecasting real house price growth in the nine census divisions of the US: 57th International Statistical Institute Conference 2009

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Das, Sonali

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info Das2_2009.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 12610 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Das2_2009.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Motivation Models Data Results...), University of Pretoria, Pretoria 3Senior Lecturer (Economics), University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg 57th International Statistical Institute Conference, Durban, 2009 Das, Gupta and Kabundi Motivation Models Data Results Conclusion Main question...

  16. Traditional sectors based on natural resources – a blessing or a curse for less developed regions? A case study of Podlaskie Voivodeship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dąbrowska Anna

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The natural environment, as a source of natural resources, has long been perceived as being a factor in determining the development of many states and regions, especially less developed areas. The main research question in this article is what role is played by natural resources and traditional industry sectors based on natural resources (milk production and tourism, in the process of establishing a competitive advantage for Podlaskie Voivodeship, which is one of the less developed regions in Poland. The results of the research reveal weaknesses that are inherent in earlier ways of thinking about these industries and, at the same time, emphasise the importance of making use of natural resources in an integrated way and combining them with new technologies.

  17. "Out of All of this Mess, I Got a Blessing": Perceptions and Experiences of Reproduction and Motherhood in African American Women Living With HIV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Faith; Ingram, Lucy Annang; Kerr, Jelani; Buchberg, Meredith; Richter, Donna L; Sowell, Richard

    2016-01-01

    HIV disproportionately impacts African American women of childbearing age residing in the southern United States. Antiretroviral therapy has increased the quantity and quality of life for people living with HIV and produced viable and safe reproduction possibilities for women living with HIV. However, little is known about reproductive decision-making processes for African American women living with HIV. The overall goal of our study was to qualitatively explore perspectives related to reproduction and motherhood in HIV-infected African American women of childbearing capacity. HIV-infected African American women of childbearing capacity in South Carolina (N = 42) participated in in-depth interviews. Our respondents held positive views about pregnancy and motherhood, despite nonsupportive pregnancy messages from interpersonal influences, including health care providers. Study findings uncovered the need for programs and interventions to support women's reproductive autonomy and focus on reducing conception- and pregnancy-related transmission risks to infants and uninfected sexual partners. Copyright © 2016 Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Le travail de pionnier des femmes à l'effort espagnol de recherche dans les sciences de la mer et des eaux douces (1923-1969)

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez-Rubín Feigl, Juan; Wulff Barreiro, Enrique

    2006-01-01

    International audience; Over the 1923-1969 period a total 20 female scientific researchers (eleven from the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) and nine from the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC)) had 65 articles published in the articles of these two government organisations. The articles, relating to marine and freshwater sciences, which were written solely by them or in collaboration, deal with oceanography, plankton, algology, food-fish biology, food science, etc.The time-...

  19. Entre transition et stéréotypes de genre : les femmes tchèques sur le marché du travail

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Křížková, Alena

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 44, č. 1 (2004), s. 99-114 ISSN 1020-5470 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAB7028201 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7028912 Keywords : position of women on the labor market * gender pay gap * gender equality Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  20. L'alphabetisation et les femmes francophones: Guide a l'intention des formatrices (Literacy Education and Francophone Women: Guide for Teachers).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Johanne, Ed.; And Others

    This guide, written in French and designed for literacy teachers, offers suggestions for providing appropriate literacy education for Canadian francophone women. It recommends an approach that is based on learner needs, is holistic, and focuses on the student as the principal agent of her own education. A discussion of instructional management…

  1. Portage vaginal du streptocoque du groupe B chez la femme enceinte au niveau de la région de Marrakech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassir, Ahlam; Dhibou, Hanane; Farah, Majdi; Mohamed, Lharmis; Amal, Addebous; Nabila, Souraa; Abderahim, Aboulfalah; Asmouki, Hamid; Soummani, Abderraouf

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Le streptocoque du groupe B est le principal agent impliqué dans les infections materno-fœtales, les septicémies et les méningites du nouveau-né à terme. L'objectif est de déterminer le taux de portage maternel du streptocoque du groupe B (SGB) à terme. Méthodes Un prélèvement vaginal a été réalisé de manière prospective chez 275 parturientes lors de l'entrée en salle d'accouchement sur une période de 06 mois. Résultats Le taux de portage était de 20,2%. Le portage était variable en fonction de l’âge gestationnel, il constitue 57.5% entre 37 et 38 semaines d'aménorrhée. Aucun des facteurs de risque n'a était statistiquement prédictif du portage maternel du SGB. Conclusion Le dépistage doit être réalisé à partir de 37 semaines d'aménorrhée, et comme le portage est intermittent, un prélèvement négatif ne garantirait pas que le portage soit négatif à l'accouchement. PMID:27222693

  2. Sylvie CHAPERON, La médecine du sexe et les femmes. Anthologie des perversions féminines au XIXe siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Edelman, Nicole

    2009-01-01

    L’ouvrage présente une anthologie de quarante huit cas de perversions féminines publiés par vingt-quatre médecins différents du xixe siècle, précédés d’une introduction de vingt pages et se concluant par une bibliographie de trois pages. Les cas sont classés selon les termes de l’époque dans l’ordre suivant : onanisme (12 cas), nymphomanie (13), érotomanie (5), anaphrodisme, frigidité et impuissance (1), bestialité, zoophilie (2), nécrophilie (1), exhibitionnisme (1), saphisme, tribadisme et ...

  3. Contribution des pratiques RSE à l'éclatement du plafond de verre et à l'engagement des femmes cadres : le cas de deux entreprises au Maroc

    OpenAIRE

    Bennani Meziane , Ghita

    2016-01-01

    Since women have been integrated to the labor market, they encounter barriers which slow down their professional evolution and limit their access to top management. The« glass ceiling » is the expression used to refer to these invisible barriers. This doctoral work proposes a contribution to the study of these barriers by placing it within a theoretical framework which integrates its antecedents and its consequences. More specifically, this thesis focuses on the impact of gender oriented Corp...

  4. Cost-effectiveness of midwifery services vs. medical services in Quebec. LEquipe dEvaluation des Projets-Pilotes Sages-Femmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reinharz, D; Blais, R; Fraser, W D; Contandriopoulos, A P

    2000-01-01

    This study compared the cost-effectiveness of midwife services provided in birth centres operating as pilot projects with current hospital-based medical services in the province of Quebec. One thousand midwives' clients were matched with 1,000 physicians' clients on the basis of socio-demographic characteristics and obstetrical risk. Direct costs for the prenatal, intrapartum and postpartum periods were estimated. Effectiveness was assessed on the basis of three clinical indicators and four indices related to the individualization of care as assessed by women. Results show that the costs of midwife services were barely lower than or equal to those of physician services, but cost-effectiveness ratios were to the advantage of the midwife group, except for one clinical indicator (neonatal ventilation). Overall, this study provides rational support for the process of legalizing midwifery in the province.

  5. Integration of midwives into the Quebec health care system. L'Equipe d'Evaluation des Projets-Pilotes Sages-Femmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collin, J; Blais, R; White, D; Demers, A; Desbiens, F

    2000-01-01

    This paper reports on one aspect of the evaluation of the midwifery pilot projects in Quebec: the identification of the professional and organizational factors, as well as the mode of integrating midwives into the maternity care system, that would promote the best outcomes and the autonomy of midwives. The research strategy involved a multiple-case study, in which each midwifery pilot project represented a case. Based on a qualitative approach, the study employed various sources of data: individual interviews and focus groups with key informants, site observations and analyses of written documents. Results show that midwives were poorly integrated into the health care system during the evaluation. Four main reasons were identified: lack of knowledge about the practice of midwifery on the part of other health care providers; deficiencies in the legal and organizational structure of the pilot projects; competition over professional territories; and gaps between the midwives' and other providers' professional cultures. Recommendations are provided to facilitate the integration of midwives into the health care system.

  6. Evaluation of the midwifery pilot projects in Quebec: an overview. L'Equipe d'Evaluation des Projets-Pilotes Sages-Femmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blais, R; Joubert, P

    2000-01-01

    In 1990, the province of Quebec adopted a law authorizing the evaluation of the practice of midwifery through eight pilot projects. The projects, which took the form of birth centres outside hospitals, started operating in 1994. The objectives of the evaluation were 1) to compare midwives' services to current physician services with regard to maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, the use of obstetrical intervention, individualization and continuity of care as perceived by clients, and cost; and 2) to identify the professional and organizational factors associated with the integration of midwives into the health care system. A mixed evaluative design was used: a multiple case study with each pilot project representing a case and a cohort study where 1,000 women followed by midwives in the birth centres were matched with 1,000 women followed by physicians in the usual hospital-based services. Various quantitative and qualitative data collection instruments were used. Overall, many results were favourable to midwifery practice, while some were favourable to medical care. Following the evaluation, the Government of Quebec decided to legalize the practice of midwifery.

  7. Le déficit de filles — Le déséquilibre du ratio hommes-femmes en Inde

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Plusieurs acteurs, dont le journal national indien The Hindu, ont qualifié ce brusque ... Voilà pourquoi le Centre de recherches pour le développement international ... De nouvelles tendances, comme la limite de deux enfants par famille, .... les professionnels de la santé et d'abolir les initiatives favorisant la stérilisation.

  8. Regards de femmes: l’Andalousie du XIXe siècle au «féminin francophone»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Serrano Mañes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Women have a specific place in the list of French-speaking travellers who take Andalucía as their favourite destination. A dream place or a place full of local colour, far off orientalism deeply rooted in the French-speaking imagery, passed on by the «maîtres en écriture», the Southern lands of the Bética region became the subject of a literary discourse which made up a canonic representation of the Muslim past, always longed for. From the work of the Belgian Juliette de Robersart, filtered by personal contributions in her traditional traveller style, to Maria Star´s cosmopolitan approach, through the French Marie Noémi Cadiot, a hurried tourist who followed the topics of genre, or the Swiss Mme de Gasparin, influenced by the Arabic-Andalou¬sian myth, these fearless women fit into a common desire of otherness and «dépaysement».

  9. Femme Fatale: An Examination of the Role of Women in Combat and the Policy Implications for Future American Military Operations (Drew Paper Number 5, August 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    could increase the uti - lization of women by 22 percent without impacting combat ef- fectiveness.”3 At the end of the draft, women made up less than...propositions. First, female physical capa- bilities, including pregnancy issues, obviously differ from men and thus affect overall unit effectiveness. Second...commission, Moskos explained the impact of pregnancies on military units. Moskos suggested that in “mixed-gender units, particularly as it [sic

  10. Intrications psycho-somatiques dans une ménopause chirurgicale chez une jeune femme: À propos d'une observation clinique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Schachter

    Full Text Available Description of a clinical observation of young patient who suffered (after only one childbirth a castration and showed accentuated obesity and decreasing (or even disappearance of libido which caused grave psychosexual complications. An examination by the Rorschach psychodiagnostic method enabled the physician to understand the patient and give a clear explanation. Thus an orthopsychological attitude could be assumed, to reduce her moral sufferings. The value of the Rorschach test is discussed as means of approaching reticent individuals, and also the meaning to be given to certain data obtained by this projective psychology test.

  11. The femme fatale in Spanish comedy series: A renewal of the standard in the series Aida and La que se avecina

    OpenAIRE

    Hidalgo-Marí, Tatiana

    2015-01-01

    La representación de la «mujer fatal» surgida en la mitología y la cultura clásica, y recuperada fielmente por la literatura y la pintura romántica, sigue siendo una representación femenina que causa furor en los nuevos productos culturales. En la ficción televisiva, al igual que ocurre en el cine, la representación de una mujer fuerte, seductora y capaz de movilizar e incomodar a la figura masculina supone un reclamo fiel casi omnipresente en las piezas. No obstante, en la ficción televisiva...

  12. Des femmes et des gâteaux Women and CandiesThe Candy Maker Know-How in Southern Brazil, from Tradition to Heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Leticia Mazzucchi Ferreira

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Ce qu´on présente dans cet article provient d´une recherche sur les gâteaux de Pelotas, ville au sud du Brésil, au niveau du patrimoine immatériel. Ces gâteaux se présentent comme de la pâtisserie fine (doces finos et des pâtes de fruits (doces coloniais.L’origine de ce savoir-faire féminin se situe parmi les jeunes filles des grands entrepreneurs de l’industrie de la viande salée (charque, au moment de la crise de cette activité économique.Les interviews ont révélé, par leurs souvenirs, que les pâtissières avaient une liaison mémoire-corps, soit par les gestes du corps dans la cuisine, soit par la mémoire olfactive (le savoir-faire venant de l’odeur du sirop, soit par la mémoire visuelle (se rappelant de la fabrication d’un gâteau par son apparence. L’apprentissage du métier de la pâtisserie est lié depuis longtemps aux traditions de la cuisine portugaise. Cependant des recettes ont bénéficié d’autres sources et façons de faire.The content of this article is extracted from research about the candies of Pelotas, city of southern Brazil. This research approached the candies as a immaterial heritage.Classified as fine candies and fruit candies (colonial candies, the root of this know-how is in the late 19th century with the daughters of beef jerky producers, at a time of crisis in the saladeril activity.The interviews reveal that the candie makers had a memory linked to the body’s gestures, to the senses, whether through the olfactory memory (the know-how originated from the syrup scent, or through the visual memory (based on how the candy looks, to know if it is good or not.The learning of the candy maker profession is linked to the portuguese cuisine. However, the recipies of Pelotas have also other sources and ways of doing.

  13. Eveil des femmes paysannes pour le développement communautaire dans la région de Lwiro, Sud-Kivu, Zaïre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mambo Bashi-Mulenda, M.

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Awakening of Country-Women of the Community Development in Lwiro Region, South Kivu- Zaire (. Thirty-five country-women of Lwiro region and its surroundings (South-Kivu, Zaire exploiting two goggy zones for agricultural activity, have taken up an initiative to gather themselves into an association named "Comite des Mamans Bika". This association aims to allow these women to act efficaciously their true role as village development adresses in the improvement of nutritional condition of population and especially in the feeding of ill-nourished children sent to the Pediatric Hospital of Lwiro. In spite of multiple difficultes of organisation, planification and management they often meet in their communitary exploitation linked to the lack of production parameters control, their agricultural yield presents an annual increasing mean rate valued to 38 %.

  14. Santé de la femme, santé maternelle et infection par le VIH en Afrique de l’Ouest

    OpenAIRE

    Burgos-Soto , Juan

    2014-01-01

    HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa is a major public health threat particularly for girls and women ofreproductive age. The research presented in this thesis was conducted particularly in West Africa andthe specific objectives are i) to estimate the prevalence of intimate partner violence according to HIVserological status; ii) to estimate the incidence rate of pregnancy following ART initiation; iii) todetermine the effect of pregnancy after ART initiation on the risk of death, HIV-disease ...

  15. Le fonctionnement concret d’un quartier de détention pour femmes : ressorts organisationnels et implications sur l’identité personnelle des surveillants.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Dubois

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available On entend régulièrement parler du « phénomène des pairs et des impairs » lorsque l’on parcourt les divers quartiers pénitentiaires de Belgique. A travers l’étude d’un cas concret, nous verrons que ce phénomène se caractérise par une répartition du personnel en deux équipes de surveillants : l’une (en l’occurrence, l’équipe des « pairs » est dotée d’un profil « social » et l’autre (l’équipe des « impairs » d’un profil « sécuritaire ». L’objectif du présent article est double. Dans un premier temps, une posture organisationnelle considérant les surveillants en tant qu’acteurs, nous permettra de déterminer les ressorts de la régulation du quartier. Ensuite, une posture identitaire, plus attentive à la dimension individuelle et subjective des agents pénitentiaires, nous permettra d’enrichir notre compréhension du métier de surveillant dans ce quartier.The organizational mechanisms of the “even and odd phenomenon” in a Belgian prison for women and its implications on the prison guards identities.The “even and odd prison guards phenomenon” is famous all around Belgian prisons. The following case study will specifically focus on how the staff is distributed in two homogeneous guard teams: one is referred to as “socially-oriented” and the other as "security-oriented". First, we will determine the mechanisms of the organizational rules and regulation within the prison district. Second, we will concentrate on how prison guards construct their own personal identity. We believe this work will contribute to a better understanding of the prison guard profession.El funcionamiento concreto de la sección de mujeres de una carcel: estructura de la organización e implicaciones sobre la identidad de los agentes penitenciariosRegularmente escuchamos hablar del "fenómeno de los pares y de los impares" cuando recorremos los diversos sectores penitenciarios de Bélgica. A través del estudio de un caso concreto, veremos que este fenómeno se caracteriza por una repartición del personal en dos equipos de vigilantes: uno (en este caso, el equipo de los "pares" es dotado de un perfil "social" y el otro (el equipo de los "impares" de un perfil "securitario". El objetivo del presente artículo es doble. Primeramente, una postura organizacional que toma en consideración a los vigilantes en tanto que actores, nos permitirá determinar los resortes de la regulación del sector. Luego, una postura identitaria, más atenta a la dimensión individual y subjectiva de los agentes penitenciarios, nos permitirá enriquecer nuestra comprensión del oficio de vigilante en este sector.

  16. Interpretation du choix de carriere de la femme dans une perspective sociologique. (Interpretation of the Career Choices of Women from a Sociological Perspective).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagne, Evelyn; Poirier, Pierre

    1985-01-01

    Examines the career choices and aspirations of women in two contexts: social divergency theories derived from Marx and Simmel, and personal symbolization theories based on George Mead's writings. Presents a series of propositions to help formulate a coherent social theory about women's career choices, supported by empirical confirmation. (AYC)

  17. Les droits de la femme dans la jurisprudence de la Cour Constitutionnelle égyptienne après les "Printemps Arabes"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Cupertino

    2015-07-01

      This work addresses the issue of women's rights in Islamic society. Particularly, attention is focused on a legal system, the Egyptian, who is heavily innervated by the principles of Islamic law. On the relationship between the principles of the Sharia and Women's Rights has repeatedly ruled the Constitutional Court that, with its peculiar interpretative reasoning on scriptural texts, has enabled the survival of the rules protecting women in the legal system of the State.

  18. Quand les proverbes français explicitent l’humain par le biais pronominal (qui/on ou nominal (homme/femme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Banegas Saorín

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Nous nous penchons ici sur les proverbes introduits par les pronoms et par des syntagmes nominaux pour déterminer dans quelle mesure la structure syntaxique joue sur la structure informative de ces énoncés qui acquièrent un sens conventionnel codé. Nous les rapprochons des énoncés génériques, sans perdre de vue les propriétés auxquelles satisfont la plupart des proverbes : généricité, schéma implicatif et montée hypo-hypéronymique. Comme la classe des proverbes n’est pas formellement homogène, nous aboutissons, d’une part, à l’établissement d’une sous-classe des proverbes dits pronominaux et, d’autre part, à une nouvelle typologie des proverbes, très proche de celle des phrases génériques qui fait consensus.

  19. Évaluation de l'information des femmes enceintes sur l'équilibre alimentaire et le gain pondéral

    OpenAIRE

    Singer, Melina

    2011-01-01

    A balanced diet is an essential condition for a safe pregnancy and for the health of both the mother and the infant. Complications may occur due to excessive weight during the pregnancy, the delivery and the postpartum period as the new-born. In our study, we have questioned pregnant women in the maternity wards of Port-Royal and Saint Vincent de Paul. We measured the information received and knowledge of pregnant women in the ideal weight gain and the risks of an excessive weight gain. Despi...

  20. Les représentations sociales de la profession de sage-femme chez des femmes enceintes après les manifestations d'octobre 2013Étude qualitative réalisée dans les départements des Bouches-du-Rhône et du Vaucluse

    OpenAIRE

    Arquier, Adeline

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: « So, midwife, how many years after a nurse? ». The profession of midwife seems to be little known. This "beautiful craft" has evolved over time in terms of skills, training and knowledge making it unclear to the public. It is a medical profession with many different skills that are widening regularly. Three years have elapsed since the beginning of the strike and it seemed interesting to know what were the social representations of pregnant women about the roles and competences...

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    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    QUADRI Y A

    Abstract. God promised to bless not only Abraham, in Genesis 12:1-3, but to also bless all .... OT. First, a blessing was a public declaration of a favoured status with God. ..... William E. Brown, “Blessing”, Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical.

  2. Bolivie | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le développement ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    De 2002 à 2007, nous avons soutenu un projet collaboratif entre le Canada et la Bolivie dans le cadre duquel une méthode participative permettant de cartographier les ... Femmes appuyant les femmes : l'engagement civique en réseau pour promouvoir un leadership efficace des femmes dans l'élaboration de politiques.

  3. Integrated absolute dating approach for terrestrial records of past climate using trapped charge methods (INTERTRAP) - the blessing and turmoil of implementing for the first time an ERC grant at a Romanian university

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timar-Gabor, Alida; Buylaert, Jan-Pieter

    2017-04-01

    This year marks European Research Council`s (ERC) 10th anniversary. Romania is celebrating as well 10 years as a member state of the European Union. Over the past decade Romania has made significant progress in supporting research development at the national level. However, when it comes to excellent frontier research as supported by the ERC, Romania`s involvement and visibility at a European level remains very low. Considering only young researchers, according to ERC statistics only 142 proposals hosted by institutions in Romania have been submitted in the Starting and Consolidator Grant schemes in the last 3 years (2014-2016). For corresponding funding schemes at a national level Romania`s Executive Agency for Financing Research, Development and Innovation (UEFISCDI) received over 2000 applications only in 2016. The success rate of ERC proposals hosted by Romania is even more concerning (less than 3%) with only 4 projects out of 142 being granted. In 2015, Dr Alida Timar-Gabor was awarded an ERC starting grant (grant agreement No [678106]; INTERTRAP) which is the first ERC project to be implemented in a Romanian university. In the INTERTRAP project Dr Timar-Gabor and her team aims to achieve significant improvement in quartz based luminescence dating and to develop new absolute dating techniques for Quaternary sediments. During the implementation of the project a new state-of-the-art luminescence and electron spin resonance laboratory, unique in Eastern Europe and one of the only two or three in the world, will be set up. Dr. Alida Timar-Gabor, PI of INTERTRAP, is the founder and leader of the only absolute dating laboratory in Romania that was founded in 2008. She has defended her PhD in 2010 and supervised and co-supervised 10 other PhD students since then. She holds various national and international awards. Her career path has been significantly influenced by a strong network of international collaborations. In this presentation she will give an overview of her research career with emphasis on: (i) importance of international collaborations, (ii) establishment of herself in a research field using results obtained in a not yet fully established laboratory, (iii) the hardships but also the rewards of being in charge of a research laboratory from a very young age and (iv) the difficulties encountered in the implementation of an ERC research grant in a Romanian university. Romania`s readiness to absorb ERC grants will be discussed in the framework of a case study. The level of support in preparing the grant application as well as the implementation of INTERTRAP at Babeş-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca Romania will be compared to the RELOS grant (Reducing empiricism in luminescence geochronology: Understanding the origins of luminescence from individual sand grains, ERC-2014-STG, grant agreement No [639904]), a grant in the same research field lead by Dr. Jan-Pieter Buylaert and hosted by the Technical University of Denmark.

  4. Une reine entre ombres et lumières ou le pouvoir au féminin : le cas d’Isabelle Bourbon, reine d’Espagne, première femme de Philippe IV (1603-1644

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédérique Sicard

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Le rôle de la Reine et sa relation au pouvoir sont strictement réglementés, mais son influence politique est paradoxalement difficile à apprécier car elle s’exerce à l’ombre de ce qui est permis. Isabelle de Bourbon, née Princesse de France, épouse en 1615 le Prince héritier Philippe d’Espagne et fait partie de ces Reines de l’ombre, peu étudiées. Elevée dans une certaine liberté, le contraste avec la cour d’Espagne et la surveillance de l’omniprésent Favori, le Comte-Duc d’Olivares, lui pèsent d’autant plus. Quel éclairage le cas de la Reine Isabelle permet-il d’apporter à la relation entre genre et pouvoir au Siècle d’Or ? Trois points seront abordés : les tensions et dominations qui se jouent autour du Roi Philippe IV, le poids de la famille, au sens large, indissociable des relations entretenues entre genre et pouvoir. Enfin, nous nous intéresserons à l’activité politique de la Reine Isabelle.The role of French queens and their relation to power were strictly regulated, but their political influence is difficult to assess given the shadows within which they worked. In 1615, Isabelle of Bourbon, born Princess of France, married Philip of Spain and became one of these seldom-studied Queens of the shadows. What illumination does Queen Isabelle’s case bring to the gender-power relationship during the Golden Age? Three points are addressed in the article: the tensions and power dynamics around Philip IV; the weight of the family, in a broad sense, which necessarily affected relations between gender and power. Finally, we will focus on the political activity of Queen Isabelle; her example constitutes a concrete example of women’s power in the Golden Age.

  5. What about the men? Gender parity in occupational therapy: Qu'en est-il des hommes? La parité hommes-femmes en ergothérapie.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beagan, Brenda L; Fredericks, Erin

    2018-04-01

    Gender parity is frequently raised as an equity issue in occupational therapy, with strategies proposed to recruit more men. This article explores whether this is a legitimate equity concern. Most employment is gender segregated; when gender balances change, the field either re-genders feminine or creates gender-segregated internal divisions. Men avoid feminized jobs because they pay less and hold less social status. They are a "step down" for men. In such jobs, men are disproportionately pushed into management positions, with better pay, more prestige, and less hands-on care. Equity issues concern structural barriers to success in particular employment fields. Though they may feel discomfort in a feminized field, men do not face structural barriers in occupational therapy. Broader challenges to traditional gender norms are needed, but there is no evidence that gender parity is an equity concern or that recruitment targeting masculinity would make a difference.

  6. Inclusion, exclusion ? La publicité télévisuelle des années 1960 : une nouvelle identité pour la femme italienne ?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Licia Bagini Scantamburlo

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available La publicité partage avec les médias la propriété de véhiculer des messages qui traduisent la sensibilité, la pensée, les comportements du large public auquel elle s’adresse. Si « les mass media sont les véhicules et les matrices privilégiés des mentalités », la publicité, qui en fait ses supports essentiels, est certainement l’un des « nouveaux objets » proposés par les historiens qui peut nous servir à appréhender quelques aspects des mentalités. La publicité entretient avec le public un ra...

  7. Comparison of midwifery care to medical care in hospitals in the Quebec pilot projects study: clinical indicators. L'Equipe dEvaluation des Projets-Pilotes Sages-Femmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, W; Hatem-Asmar, M; Krauss, I; Maillard, F; Bréart, G; Blais, R

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare indicators of process and outcome of midwifery services provided in the Quebec pilot projects to those associated with standard hospital-based medical services. Women receiving each type of care (961 per group) were matched on the basis of socio-demographic characteristics and level of obstetrical risk. We found midwifery care to be associated with less obstetrical intervention and a reduction in selected indicators of maternal morbidity (caesarean section and severe perineal injury). For neonatal outcome indicators, midwifery care was associated with a mixture of benefits and risks: fewer babies with preterm birth and low birthweight, but a trend toward a higher stillbirth ratio and more frequent requirement for neonatal resuscitation. The study design does not permit to conclude that the associations were causal in nature. However, the high stillbirth rate observed in the group of women who were selected for midwife care raises concerns both regarding the appropriateness of the screening procedures for admission to such care and regarding the quality of care itself.

  8. High fetal irradiation: about one pregnant woman receiving infra diaphragmatic radiotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma; Irradiation foetale elevee: a propos d'une femme dont la grossesse etait meconnue irradiee en sous-diaphragmatique pour un lymphome hodgkinien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreau, M.V.; Brunaud, C.; Marchesi, V.; Hoffstetter, S.; Peiffert, D. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, Service de Radiotherapie, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Bologna, S. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Nancy-Brabois, Service d' Hematologie, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    2007-12-15

    We report the case of a 19-year-old young woman for whom was discovered a pregnancy at the end of the irradiation for a Hodgkin lymphoma (stage IV bone Bb), initially treated by chemotherapy. The radiotherapy delivered 36 Gy in infra-diaphragmatic volumes (lumbo-aortic, spleen, L5), beginning in a pregnant patient for less than 4 amenorrhea weeks. The calculated received fetal dose (literature data, measurement with software T.P.S., measurement on phantom) is high: it's between 2.8 and 5 Gy. With a current follow-up of 4 years since the radiotherapy's end, the patient is in complete remission and her child presents with a normal development for the age, in spite of the infra diaphragmatic irradiation. (authors)

  9. De la nécessité pour les femmes chirurgiens de « faire leurs preuves » Why female surgeons need to “prove themselves”. Professional overinvestment and pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuelle Zolesio

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available L’objectif de cet article est de voir les obstacles qui existent à la féminisation de la chirurgie, encore aujourd’hui. Quoique la médecine dans son ensemble se féminise, la chirurgie demeure la spécialité médicale la plus sous-féminisée et les comportements sexistes des professionnels en poste ne sont pas pour rien dans cet état de fait comme le montre notre enquête ethnographique. En effet, les internes filles en chirurgie sont systématiquement suspectées d’un moindre investissement professionnel du fait de leur statut potentiel de mère, discréditées d’avance quant à leurs capacités physiques, jugées enfin trop fragiles émotionnellement pour « tenir » dans un métier difficile.The purpose of this paper is to underline the remaining obstacles to the feminization of surgery. An ethnographic study shows that, although the feminization of medicine as a whole is real, surgery remains the most under-feminized area of medical specialization and sexist behaviors from senior surgeons are partly responsible for this situation. In fact, female students in surgery are always suspected of being less involved in their jobs as they are potential mothers, they are discredited in advance in matters of physical capacities, and are considered as too weak emotionally to “cope” in this difficult profession.

  10. L'égalité entre les femmes et les hommes dans l'emploi : réflexions sur l'évolution récente du droit français

    OpenAIRE

    Sénac, Réjane

    1985-01-01

    Le principe d’égalité a un statut particulier en droit du travail dans la mesure où il s’agit du droit de la subordination par excellence. La notion de « discrimination justifiée » a été dégagée par la jurisprudence du Conseil d’État et du Conseil constitutionnel. Est-elle transposable dans le droit du travail ? Afin d’analyser la notion complexe de l’égalité entre les sexes dans l’emploi, nous examinons la conception normative de la fonction jurisprudentielle. L’actualité juridique et politi...

  11. Le discours parlementaire sur l’emploi et les droits des femmes en temps de guerre (1939-1945 A Sensitive Issue: the Parliamentary Debates on Women’s Rights and Employment during the Second World War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Stirling

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Right from the beginning of the Second World War, the government called upon women: first of all by asking them to house mothers and their children from large cities during the evacuation period; then, by calling upon volunteers for war work and later by enlisting first single women and later married women. Many MPs worried about the impact of such a measure on family and social order. The call to mothers was even more controversial: who was going to look after the children and the home until the men came home?Parliamentary debates of the time show the extent to which the redefinition of the role of women, in a society in crisis, perturbed mentalities and habits, even among women MPs. Although some of them campaigned actively beyond political allegiance in favour of women's work and their improved legal status, others did not hesitate to support measures like the closing down of nurseries even though they could have had a positive long term impact on the future of British women. The animated debates transcribed by Hansard reveal these divisions and open a window on a whole new line of thinking which started during these difficult years on the position and role of women in British society. In this sense, they are an essential primary source on gender issues.

  12. E3N, a French cohort study on cancer risk factors. E3N Group. Etude Epidémiologique auprès de femmes de l'Education Nationale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clavel-Chapelon, F; van Liere, M J; Giubout, C; Niravong, M Y; Goulard, H; Le Corre, C; Hoang, L A; Amoyel, J; Auquier, A; Duquesnel, E

    1997-10-01

    This paper describes the design of E3N, a prospective cohort study conducted in France on risk factors for female cancers. The cohort comprises 100,000 women, aged 40-65 years at baseline in 1990. Participants were asked to complete questionnaires every 18 months. The main hypotheses studied concern the relationship between diet and cancer and between hormonal treatments and cancer. All cancers diagnosed are registered, together with other diseases (cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, osteoporosis). The study population and the follow-up procedure are described.

  13. The evolution of thyroid hormones in pregnancy. An analysis of 125 cases in the Yaounde general hospital; Profil des hormones thyroidiennes chez les femmes enceintes: analyse de 125 cas a l'hopital general de Yaounde

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dong a ZOK, F. [Hopital General de Yaounde, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, Yaounde (Cameroon); Mbodj, M. [Hopital General Grand Yoff, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, Dakar (Senegal); Mayer, E. [Hopital General de Yaounde, Service de Gyneco-Obstetrique, Yaounde (Cameroon)

    2009-10-15

    This study was aimed at determining the evolution and the kinetics of thyroid hormones in a sub-population of pregnant women in Cameroon. We carried out a prospective study (from January 2005 to January 2006) on 125 consenting pregnant women at the Yaounde General Hospital. Clinical and gyneco-obstetric data with the gestational age were noted on a pre-designed questionnaire. Blood samples were drawn for serum assay of thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroid stimulating hormone. The results were read with the 'Oakfield health care' Gamma ' 12 counter using the RIASTAT software. These patients, divided into four groups consisted of: 32 non pregnant women in the control group; 33 pregnant women in the first trimester; 30 pregnant women in the second trimester and 30 at the third trimester. The mean serum levels of T3 and T4 were relatively high in all pregnant women (irrespective of the gestational age) than in the control group. Serum levels of T3 and T4 were raised the first trimester with and progressively reduced in 2. and 3. trimester. On other hand, TSH levels progressively increased as from the 2. trimester to attain a maximum in the 3. trimester. We can therefore conclude that blood levels of thyroid hormone as well as TSH vary during pregnancy and differ in titres with respect to the gestation age. (authors)

  14. Les rapports sociaux de sexe comme déterminant de la santé des femmes au travail : le cas empirique du "care" aux personnes âgées

    OpenAIRE

    Polesi , Hervé

    2014-01-01

    Women occupational health should be seen as a collective issue, determined by social relations of sex. The traditional medical view of women's bodies refers to an understanding of an ever-failing body, and this is an obstacle to the recognition of attacks on women's health related to work. The empirical field of elderly home care gives us the opportunity to observe the physical and psychological discomforts for health care workers. We can also take note of the diseases linked to this work har...

  15. Femmes et films de guerre en Grande-Bretagne (1939-1945 : signes d’émancipation ou cas de manipulation ? Women and War Films in Britain (1939-1945: Signs of Emancipation or Cases of Manipulation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth de Cacqueray

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the representation of women in a certain number of filmic texts released in Great Britain between 1939 and 1945: more particularly, Fires Were Started, Millions Like Us and Went the Day Well? The innovatory roles these films offer to women have led me to ask whether the representation corresponds to a reflection of a genuine situation at the time or whether it is the result of a manipulation of the image of women in the interests of propaganda. The filmic representations are compared to a well-known Women’s Auxiliary Air Force recruitment poster, an example of direct propaganda, and to women’s personal accounts of their war-time experiences. Similarities in method between the poster and the films emerge which underline the propaganda slant of the films. Certain aspects of the women’s accounts confirm the representation of women provided by the films, thus supporting the theory whereby the films reflect the relatively emancipating effects of the war for women. However, the examination of these accounts also reveals the extent to which the films omit certain aspects of women’s war experiences: the sometimes negative attitudes of men towards women in the work place, the trauma for mothers around the evacuation of their children […] The propaganda slant of the films is thus as much due to what they omit to mention as it is due to the image of women which reaches the screen.

  16. Patriotisme philanthropique et citoyenneté féminine : les femmes et la Primrose League, 1914-1918 The Primrose League and the Great War: Conservative Women and Philanthropic Patriotism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Vervaecke

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This article studies women’s participation in the work of philanthropic patriotism conducted by the Primrose League, a Conservative organisation which remained in activity throughout the First World War. The case of the Primrose League, whose female membership carried out the sort of philanthropic work that conformed to the traditional view of the sexual division of labour, is used to qualify the historiographical interpretation according to which during the war women’s social status went through a dramatic evolution. Discussion then turns to the ambiguous relation of the League’s hierarchy towards the issue of women’s citizenship, which highlights the fact that this organisation embodied a desire to resist the gender disturbances occasioned by the war.

  17. Prise en charge des femmes enceintes infectées par le VIH en France à l’ère des multithérapies : des recommandations aux pratiques

    OpenAIRE

    Jasseron , Carine

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this Ph.D thesis is to describe the care received by HIV-infected pregnant women in France in the era of multitherapy, to assess how actual practices differ from recommendations, to identify factors related to non optimal care for prevention of mother-to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) and to improve recommendations for some minority situations that have not been well evaluated.Work for this thesis was done using data from the French perinatal cohort ANRS-EPF, the only nationa...

  18. Résultats de recherche | Page 44 | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Chiffrer le travail des femmes - économie sexiste sur le marché et au foyer. Les femmes ont accompli de grands progrès dans les sphères de l'économie et de la politique, mais elles n'ont pas encore rejoint les hommes. Bien que les femmes accomplissent un travail semblable, elles sont habituellement moins bien ...

  19. Supporting graduation programs through empirical evidence and ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Chiffrer le travail des femmes - économie sexiste sur le marché et au foyer. Les femmes ont accompli de grands progrès dans les sphères de l'économie et de la politique, mais elles n'ont pas encore rejoint les hommes. Voir davantageChiffrer le travail des femmes - économie sexiste sur le marché et au foyer ...

  20. peru : tous les projets | Page 6 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Région: Ghana, Peru, Canada. Programme: Initiative internationale des chaires de recherche. Financement total : CA$ 1,000,000.00. Accès à la justice des femmes ayant survécu à des actes de violence : des commissariats de police réservés aux femmes en Amérique latine. Projet. La violence faite aux femmes constitue ...

  1. Celtic spirituality and the environment

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-10-23

    Oct 23, 2015 ... ... the danger to the blessed man at Sea and the sudden calm produced by his prayers (Adamnan ll.ix), and how an aquatic monster at. Loch Ness was driven off by virtue of the blessed man's prayer (Adamnan ll.xxviii). Menzies (1949:13) expresses the following view: 'We ought not to make too much of that.

  2. DefenseLink Special: Veterans Day 2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    our country, and for making a proud history. God bless you all. And God bless our wonderful country a special Veterans Day observance. Story * Command Sgt. Major Praises Women's Service Woman Vet Veterans Affairs * Center of Military History * White House: Honoring Our Veterans * Library of Congress

  3. india : tous les projets | Page 12 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    'initiative Casablanca rassemble des militantes et des universitaires du Sud, afin d'intégrer les connaissances des femmes à la question de la pauvreté mondiale, dont le fardeau de plus en plus lourd afflige surtout les femmes. Date de début ...

  4. : tous les projets | Page 442 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Région: Canada, North and Central America, Europe, United Kingdom, India, Pakistan, South Asia, South America, Central Asia, Far East Asia. Programme: Gouvernance et justice. Financement total : CA$ 145,600.00. Crimes perpétrés contre les femmes au nom de l'honneur : droits et participation citoyenne des femmes ...

  5. : tous les projets | Page 441 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Région: Canada, North and Central America, Europe, United Kingdom, India, Pakistan, South Asia, South America, Central Asia, Far East Asia. Programme: Gouvernance et justice. Financement total : CA$ 145,600.00. Crimes perpétrés contre les femmes au nom de l'honneur : droits et participation citoyenne des femmes ...

  6. Les Cahiers du CREAD

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Admin

    l'esprit d'entreprise des femmes ayant clairement exhibé leur courage et leur abnégation persistante contre toute intimidation provenant de pressions religieuses rigides et sans fondement. Une femme entre- preneur qui continue à travailler en essayant de trouver des solutions aux problèmes et à «créer son propre projet, ...

  7. India | Page 121 | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Environmental pollution. Language English. Dans le monde arabe, on assiste à des percées historiques alors que tombent les obstacles au plein exercice, par les femmes, de leurs droits de citoyennes dans leur propre pays. Depuis quelques années, en Algérie, en Égypte et au Maroc, des femmes ...

  8. India | Page 33 | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Read more about Adaptation, eau et résilience dans l'Himalaya. Language French. Read more about Donner la parole aux femmes - bourse de recherche sur la militarisation et les femmes en Asie du Sud destinée aux journalistes. Language French. Read more about Bringing Women's Voices into the Mainstream: A ...

  9. L'IMPACT DE LA MONDIALISATION SUR LA PROGRESSION DE ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Toshiba

    , nomination ... femmes de développer leur carrière, l'impact de ces mécanismes et les ... Gender Empowerment Measure. IEF : ..... diversité, la présence accrue des femmes et la performance (Adler, 2001 ...... Journal of Business Ethics, vol.

  10. Les coopératives, sources d'espoir pour les Marocaines | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    exploiter une ressource forestière fort précieuse qui est menacée, l'arganier, ont permis de hausser considérablement les revenus des femmes berbères. Regroupées en petites coopératives, les femmes produisent de l'huile ...

  11. Les produits agricoles traditionnels peuvent améliorer la nutrition et ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    14 janv. 2013 ... Les produits agricoles traditionnels peuvent améliorer la nutrition et augmenter le revenu des femmes ... des élèves en matière de nutrition; dans le cas des femmes, cette augmentation a été de 7 à 8 %. .... Articles connexes ...

  12. Renforcement de la justice sexospécifique au Nigeria : regard sur la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Renforcement de la justice sexospécifique au Nigeria : regard sur la participation citoyenne des femmes. Au Nigeria, un large éventail de facteurs historiques, politiques et culturels tantôt entravent, tantôt favorisent une participation citoyenne des femmes respectueuse de leurs droits. Cette subvention permettra aux ...

  13. Employment and Growth | Page 2 | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Home · Inclusive Economies. Employment and Growth. Language English. Read more about Évaluation de l'incidence des programmes de transferts en espèces sur l'autonomisation des femmes en Tanzanie. Language French. Read more about Les femmes et la transition au marché du travail en Afrique subsaharienne.

  14. Projet visant à favoriser la croissance des entreprises appartenant à ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ce projet aidera les entreprises appartenant à des femmes à accéder aux marchés mondiaux et à améliorer les perspectives de croissance. WEConnect International, un organisme important de certification international pour les entreprises appartenant à des femmes, dirige le projet. L'organisme aide les entreprises ...

  15. West African think tank strengthens outreach and partnerships ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    28 avr. 2016 ... Les femmes du Sahel obtiennent de meilleurs rendements de leurs cultures. Moins d'engrais et rendements plus élevés pour les agricultrices du Sahel. Voir davantageLes femmes du Sahel obtiennent de meilleurs rendements de leurs cultures ...

  16. Bridging gender gaps with dairy goats and root crops | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    5 mai 2016 ... Les femmes du Sahel obtiennent de meilleurs rendements de leurs cultures. Moins d'engrais et rendements plus élevés pour les agricultrices du Sahel. Voir davantageLes femmes du Sahel obtiennent de meilleurs rendements de leurs cultures ...

  17. Résultats de recherche | Page 7 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Le programme Droits des femmes et participation citoyenne (DFPC) du CRDI appuie un ensemble de recherches comparatives visant à déterminer si les institutions de démocratie et de gouvernance tiennent compte des droits des femmes et de l'égali. Projet ...

  18. Donner un coup de pouce aux petits producteurs dans les pays les ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    En parallèle, le Mekong Institute de la Thaïlande travaillera auprès de femmes entrepreneures et de fournisseurs soutenant l'expansion des entreprises, ... Ils examineront aussi comment ces activités renforcent les compétences entrepreneuriales des petits entrepreneurs, dont la majorité sont des femmes, en vue de ...

  19. Résultats de recherche | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    auteure s'appuie sur une enquête menée auprès de plus de 400 femmes pour mettre au jour les conditions financières médiocres dans lesquelles vivent, en Inde, les femmes séparées ou divorcées. Publication Date. 14 mars ...

  20. Résultats de recherche | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    auteure s'appuie sur une enquête menée auprès de plus de 400 femmes pour mettre au jour les conditions financières médiocres dans lesquelles vivent, en Inde, les femmes séparées ou divorcées. Publication Date. 14 mars 2013. Nouvelle.