WorldWideScience

Sample records for female migrant workers

  1. Female migrant sex workers in Moscow: gender and power factors and HIV risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weine, Stevan; Golobof, Alexandra; Bahromov, Mahbat; Kashuba, Adrianna; Kalandarov, Tohir; Jonbekov, Jonbek; Loue, Sana

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to build formative knowledge regarding HIV risks in female migrant sex workers in Moscow, focusing on gender and power. This was a collaborative ethnographic study, informed by the theory of gender and power, in which researchers conducted minimally structured interviews with 24 female sex workers who were migrants to Moscow and who provided sexual services to male migrant laborers. Overall, the female migrant sex workers engaged in HIV risk behaviors and practiced inadequate HIV protection with their clients. These behaviors were shaped by gender and power factors in the realms of labor, behavior, and cathexis. In the labor realm, because some female migrants were unable to earn enough money to support their families, they were pushed or pulled into sex work providing service to male migrants. In the behavior realm, many female migrant sex workers were intimidated by their male clients, feared violence, and lacked access to women's health care and prevention. In the cathexis realm, many had a sense of shame, social isolation, emotional distress, and lacked basic HIV knowledge and prevention skills. To prevent HIV transmission requires addressing the gender and power factors that shape HIV/AIDS risks among female migrant sex workers through multilevel intervention strategies.

  2. Assessing the Factors Associated with Sexual Harassment among Young Female Migrant Workers in Nepal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puri, Mahesh; Cleland, John

    2007-01-01

    This article explores the extent of, and factors associated with, sexual harassment of young female migrant workers in the carpet and garment factories in Kathmandu Valley. Information is drawn from a survey of 550 female workers aged 14 to 19 and 12 in-depth case histories. Bivariate and multivariate techniques were applied to identify the…

  3. Migrant female domestic workers: debating the economic, social and political impacts in Singapore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeoh, B S; Huang, S; Gonzalez, J

    1999-01-01

    This article analyzes the impact of migrant female domestic workers on the socioeconomic and political context in Singapore. Although Singapore state policy opposes long-term immigration, there is a labor shortage which permits a transient work force of low-skilled foreign workers. In the late 1990s, Singapore had over 100,000 foreign maids, of whom 75% were from the Philippines, 20% were from Indonesia, and the rest were from Sri Lanka. Legislation ensures their short-term migrant status, restricts their numbers, and governs their employment. Migrant workers are also regulated through a stringent allocation system based on household income of employers and the need for caregivers for children. Work permits are conditioned on non-marriage to citizens of Singapore or pregnancy. Terms and conditions of migrant employment are not specified, which permits long hours of work and potential for inhumane treatment. Migrant women fulfill jobs not desired by natives and accept these jobs at lower wages. There is disagreement about the motivation for the maid levy and its need, fairness, and effectiveness in reducing demand for foreign maids. Most public discussion focuses on social values and morality of foreign maids. Politically, tensions arise over the legality of migration, which results from tourist worker migration to Singapore and circumvents Filipino labor controls. Most of the adjustment cases that come to the attention of OWWA are tourist workers. Policies should be gender sensitive.

  4. Sexual Knowledge, attitudes and behaviors among unmarried migrant female workers in China: a comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tang Jie

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In recent years, many studies have focused on adolescent's sex-related issues in China. However, there have been few studies of unmarried migrant females' sexual knowledge, attitudes and behaviors, which is important for sexual health education and promotion. Methods A sample of 5156 unmarried migrant female workers was selected from three manufacturing factories, two located in Shenzhen and one in Guangzhou, China. Demographic data, sexual knowledge, attitudes and behaviors were assessed by self-administered questionnaires. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine the factors associated with premarital sexual intercourse. Results The average age of the unmarried female workers included in the sample was 20.2 years, and majority of them showed a low level of sex-related knowledge. Females from the west of China demonstrated a significant lower level of sex-related knowledge than those from the eastern or central provinces (p p p Conclusion The unmarried migrant female workers lack sexual knowledge and a substantial proportion of them are engaged in premarital sexual behaviors. Interventions aimed at improving their sexual knowledge and related skills are needed.

  5. "One country, two systems": Sociopolitical implications for female migrant sex workers in Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Griffiths Sian

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Under the "two countries, one system" policy implemented by China to manage the return of Hong Kong's sovereignty, Hong Kong has maintained a comparatively prosperous economy within the Asian region. This has resulted in an environment which fosters migration from the mainland to Hong Kong, due largely to proximity, higher earning potential, common language, and a relaxing of border control measures. However not all mainland China citizens are equally able to access these new migration schemes and indeed a number of women such as sex workers are either migrating and/or working illegally and without occupational, legal and health protection within Hong Kong. Discussion Female migrant sex workers are exposed to a number of significant threats to their health, however their illegal status contributes to even greater vulnerability. The prevailing discourses which view these women as either "trafficked women" or as "illegal immigrants" do not adequately account for the complex situations which result in such women's employment in Hong Kong's sex industry. Rather, their position can best be understood within the broader frameworks provided by migration literature and the concept of "structural violence". This allows for a greater understanding of the socio-political issues which are systematically denying migrant sex workers adequate access to health care and other opportunities for social advancement. When these issues are taken into account, it becomes clear that the current relevant legislation regarding both immigration and sex work is perpetuating the marginalised and vulnerable status of migrant sex workers. Unless changes are made, structural barriers will remain in place which impede the ability of migrant sex workers to manage their own health needs and status. Conclusion Female migrant sex workers in Hong Kong are extremely vulnerable to a number of occupational health and safety hazards which have significantly

  6. Migrant workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Starren, A.; Drupsteen, L.

    2014-01-01

    This article explores Health and Safety aspects related to migrants working in multi-cultural settings (heterogeneous teams, working together on one location). Several assumptions can be made related to cultural differences and safe and healthy behaviour, but research evidence on this matter is very

  7. Migrant workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Starren, A.; Drupsteen, L.

    2014-01-01

    This article explores Health and Safety aspects related to migrants working in multi-cultural settings (heterogeneous teams, working together on one location). Several assumptions can be made related to cultural differences and safe and healthy behaviour, but research evidence on this matter is very

  8. Migrant Farm Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slesinger, Doris P.; Pfeffer, Max J.

    This paper documents migrant farm workers as being among the most persistently underprivileged groups in American society. Migrant farm workers typically receive low wages from irregular employment and live in poverty with access to only substandard housing and inadequate health care. The lack of economic improvement stems from a number of…

  9. Migrant Workers Fight Back

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUBO

    2005-01-01

    Zhao, aged 33, is a migrant worker in a shoe factory in Shenzhen, the prosperous southern Chinese city. He arrived there hve years ago from his home village in north Jiangsu province, a notoriously poverty struck region of China.

  10. The Functions of Social Support in the Mental Health of Male and Female Migrant Workers in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Daniel Fu Keung; Leung, Grace

    2008-01-01

    The study reported herein adopted a stress and coping framework to examine the functions of social support in protecting the mental health of migrant workers who experience migration stress during settlement in Shanghai, China. A total of 475 migrant workers from four major districts in Shanghai were recruited for a survey through multistage…

  11. China's Migrant Workers' Social Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Sifeng; Zhang Wenxue; Wang Lijian; Zhang Li

    2010-01-01

    Based on the definition of migrant workers and migrant workers'social security,systems,policies and regulations and status quo of specific safeguard project of social security have been analyzed.Authors draw following conclusions: China's social security systems of migrant workers show diversification and differentiation trend; national-level policies take on diversification and local-level regulations take on differentiation; social welfare and social assistance have deficiency; coverage rate of social insurance items is extremely low.

  12. Remuneration Difference between Migrant Workers and Non-migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Changlin; DUAN; Huawei; LUO

    2013-01-01

    Through the survey of direct economic remuneration, indirect economic remuneration and non-economic remuneration of employees in flat panel furniture enterprises in Chengdu City, we conduct a comparative analysis of the problems and causes of remuneration difference between migrant workers and non-migrant workers. The results show that the wage difference between migrant workers and non-migrant workers is the biggest, and there is little difference in terms of interests safeguarding and non-economic factors. The reason for the above results lies in the difference of education level; gender, region, household registration and other issues have little impact on the above results. The following recommendations are put forward to improve the remuneration of migrant workers: increasing government’s policy advocacy efforts and eliminating subjective offense; establishing the administrative oversight bodies and effectively safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of migrant workers; strengthening vocational training for migrant workers, so that workers have more choices on positions; improving the working environment and developing good working atmosphere.

  13. Effect of improving the knowledge, attitude and practice of reproductive health among female migrant workers: a worksite-based intervention in Guangzhou, China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gao, X.; Xu, L.; Lu, C.; Wu, J.; Wang, Z.; Decat, P.; Zhang, W.-H.; Chen, Y.; Moyer, E.; Wu, S.; Minkauskiene, M.; van Braeckel, D.; Temmerman, M.

    2014-01-01

    Background: The sexual and reproductive health (SRH) knowledge and attitudes of female migrant workers are far from optimum in China. A worksite-based intervention program on SRH-related knowledge, attitude and practice (SRH KAP) modification may be an effective approach to improve the SRH status am

  14. A Profile of HIV Risk Factors in the Context of Sex Work Environments among Migrant Female Sex Workers in Beijing, China

    OpenAIRE

    Yi, Huso; Mantell, Joanne E.; Wu, Rongrong; Lu, Zhao; Zeng, Jing; Wan, Yanhai

    2010-01-01

    Migrant female sex workers (FSWs) are one of the most at-risk populations for HIV in China. This study demonstrates how multiple risk factors are situated and vary by types of sex work environments in a sample of 348 migrant FSWs in Beijing. Participants reported high rates of clients' refusal to use condoms (76%), unsafe sex with both clients (32%), non-paid regular partners (e.g., boyfriend or husband) (76%), and a STI symptom (79%) last year. Only 22% of FSWs had been tested for HIV. Risk ...

  15. Health services for reproductive tract infections among female migrant workers in industrial zones in Ha Noi, Viet Nam: an in-depth assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Le

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Rural-to-urban migration involves a high proportion of females because job opportunities for female migrants have increased in urban industrial areas. Those who migrate may be healthier than those staying in the village and they may benefit from better health care services at destination, but the 'healthy' effect can be reversed at destination due to migration-related health risk factors. The study aimed to explore the need for health care services for reproductive tract infections (RTIs among female migrants working in the Sai Dong industrial zone as well as their services utilization. Methods The cross sectional study employed a mixed method approach. A cohort of 300 female migrants was interviewed to collect quantitative data. Two focus groups and 20 in-depth interviews were conducted to collect qualitative data. We have used frequency and cross-tabulation techniques to analyze the quantitative data and the qualitative data was used to triangulate and to provide more in-depth information. Results The needs for health care services for RTI were high as 25% of participants had RTI syndromes. Only 21.6% of female migrants having RTI syndromes ever seek helps for health care services. Barriers preventing migrants to access services were traditional values, long working hours, lack of information, and high cost of services. Employers had limited interests in reproductive health of female migrants, and there was ineffective collaboration between the local health system and enterprises. These barriers were partly caused by lack of health promotion programs suitable for migrants. Most respondents needed more information on RTIs and preferred to receive these from their employers since they commonly work shifts - and spend most of their day time at work. Conclusion While RTIs are a common health problem among female migrant workers in industrial zones, female migrants had many obstacles in accessing RTI care services. The findings

  16. Health Services Use and HIV Prevalence Among Migrant and National Female Sex Workers in Portugal: Are We Providing the Services Needed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Sónia; Gama, Ana; Pingarilho, Marta; Simões, Daniel; Mendão, Luís

    2017-08-01

    This cross-sectional bio-behavioral survey conducted with 853 female sex workers (FSW) aimed to examine differences in use of HIV health services, testing and prevalence among migrant and national FSW. A quarter of undocumented FSW had never used National Health Service (NHS) and 15 % never tested for HIV, significantly more than nationals (p VIH, test y prevalencia entre TS migrantes y nacionales. Un cuarto de las TS indocumentadas nunca utilizaron el Servicio Nacional de Salud (SNS) y el 15 % nunca fueron testadas respecto al VIH, porcentajes significativamente superiores a las observadas para las nacionales (p VIH fue auto reportada por 11.9 % de las nacionales, 1.8 % de las migrantes documentadas y 0.8 % de las indocumentadas (p VIH fue reactivo para un 13.6 % de las indocumentadas, 8.0 % de las nacionales y 2.3 % de las documentadas. Una proporción mayor de migrantes desconocía su serostatus positivo en comparación con las nacionales. El test del VIH fue menos frecuente entre las indocumentadas, quien nunca utilizó el SNS y quien no sabía dónde recurrir si sospechaba estar infectada por el VIH. Promover un diagnóstico precoz en conexión con los cuidados en TS migrantes debe ser respaldado mientras se desarrollan servicios de salud mejor adaptados a sus necesidades.

  17. Establishment of Evaluation Index System of Migrant Workers' Entrepreneurial Competence

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Bao

    2011-01-01

    Taking evaluation of migrant workers' entrepreneurial competence as the research content, this paper first defines the migrant workers' entrepreneurial characteristics and the connotation of migrant workers' entrepreneurial competence; on the basis of this, from entrepreneurial thinking competence, behaviour competence, and language competence of migrant workers, this paper establishes evaluation index system of migrant workers' entrepreneurial competence. We use Analytic Hierarchy Process, e...

  18. The Research of Cenozoic Migrant Worker Satisfaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于海霞

    2010-01-01

    The phenomenon of Cenozoic migrant worker shortage is a realism problem of China's enterprise,and Cenozoic migrant worker has become an important force occupied the social structure.So the study of Cenozoic migrant worker's status and the demand is imperative.Understand employees"both psychological and physiological satisfaction of enterprises'environmental factors,and make some corresponding changes is of great help to reduce the employee turnover rate.This paper commenced to research from the Cenozoic migrant worker's characteristics,analyzed conditions and puts forward the corresponding countermeasures.

  19. Study on Undertaking-starting of New Generation Migrant Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Chuang; Liu, Wanzhao

    2014-01-01

    New generation migrant workers have become mainstay of China’s migrant workers and also major builders of China’s urbanization process. Compared with last generation migrant workers, new generation migrant workers have greater awareness of starting an undertaking. In the new trend, undertaking-starting is inevitable for new generation migrant workers. This study analyzed problems encountered by new generation migrant workers in the course of starting an undertaking. It reached conclusions...

  20. Health-related lifestyle behaviors among male and female rural-to-urban migrant workers in Shanghai, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua Yang

    Full Text Available Lifestyle behaviors significantly impact health, yet remain poorly defined in Chinese rural-to-urban migrants.In a cross-sectional study of health-related behaviors of 5484 rural-to-urban migrants who had worked in Shanghai for at least six months, we assessed the contribution of demographics and physical and mental health to lifestyle behaviors in male and female participants by multiple stepwise cumulative odds logistic regression.Respondents were 51.3% male. 9.9% exhibited abnormal blood pressure; 27.0% were overweight or obese; 11.2% reported abnormal mental health; 36.9% reported healthy lifestyle. Multiple stepwise cumulative odds logistic regression indicated that men working in manufacturing reported less unhealthy lifestyle than those in hospitality (cumulative odds ratio (COR = 1.806, 95%CI 1.275-2.559 or recreation/leisure (COR = 3.248, 95%CI 2.379-4.435; and women working in manufacturing and construction reported less unhealthy lifestyle than those in all other sectors. Unhealthy lifestyle was associated with small workplaces for men (COR = 1.422, 95%CI 1.154-1.752, working more than 8 or 11 hours per day for women and men, respectively, and earning over 3500 RMB in women (COR = 1.618, 95%CI 1.137-2.303. Single women and women who had previously resided in three or more cities were more likely to report unhealthy lifestyle (COR = 2.023, 95%CI 1.664-2.461, and COR = 1.311, 95%CI 1.072-1.602, respectively. Abnormal mental status was also correlated with unhealthy lifestyle in men (COR = 3.105, 95%CI 2.454-3.930 and women (COR = 2.566, 95%CI 2.024-3.252.There were different risk factors of unhealthy lifestyle score in male and female rural-to-urban migrants, especially in number of cities experienced, salary, marital status, work place scale. Several demographic groups: employment sectors (e.g. hospitality and recreation/leisure, working conditions (e.g. long hours and abnormal mental status were associated with unhealthy lifestyle

  1. Injury among migrant workers in Changning district, Shanghai, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Q H; Jiang, Y; Yin, N; Hu, J; Niu, C J

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this study was to characterise the injury epidemic and injury prevention needs of migrant workers in Shanghai. Cluster random sampling was applied in selecting subjects in migrant gathering areas, and face-to-face interview survey was conducted in this study. In this survey, 1256 migrant workers were included, among which the injury incidence in last one year was 38.3%. The first four injuries were incised and penetrating injury (9.5%), falls (7.2%), traffic injury (6.3%) and burns (5.3%). The injury incidence of male workers was significantly higher than that of female workers (χ(2) = 22.7, P workers were at the highest risk of getting injured. About 60.7% of injury episodes happened at a residence. The longest period of absence from work was up to 3 months due to falls, while the highest medical expense was near 9999 CNY ($1464.2) caused by traffic injury. About 62.9% of migrant workers need services on injury prevention. It is concluded that compared with urban registered residents, migrant workers have significantly higher incidence of injury in Shanghai. Injury prevention services are in urgent demand among the migrant workers.

  2. An Investigation and Analysis of the Existence Status of Female Migrant Workers in the City:Take Female Migrant Workers in Yinchuan as an Example%女性农民工城市生存现状的调查与分析--以银川市女性农民工为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江晓红

    2015-01-01

    About half of the laborers who flock into the cities in China are female migrant workers. Com-pared with their male counterparts in personal characteristics, females are likely to encounter more difficulties, to be excluded from the society and the city itself, and even experience some unfair treatments just because of their gender. After the female migrant workers move into the cities, they often take up the jobs which urban females are unwilling to take. Actually, they have helped solve the problem of labor shortage in the cities. However, they are placed in such an awkward situation that they suffer from poor treatment, receive low wages, and have no social security. Therefore, the whole society should pay more attention to the existence status of female mi-grant workers in the cities.%从农村流入城市劳动力中大约半数以上是女性农民工。由于女性自身的性别特征与男性相比,她们遇到的困难会更多,更容易受到来自社会与城市的排斥,甚至会有一些不公平的待遇。女性农民工进入城市后所从事的工作是城市女性不愿意做的,但她们确实解决了城市的用工问题,可她们却面临着待遇差、工资低、缺失社会保障等尴尬境地。因此,女性农民工城市生存现状更应该引起社会的高度关注。

  3. Analysis on Social Support Demand Willingness of Shanghai Migrant Rural Female Nursing Workers%上海外来女性护理工社会支持需求意愿分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符晓婷; 秦美娇; 陆琳; 李妍婷

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate and analyze social support demand willingness of Shanghai migrant rural female nursing workers.Methods Through random sampling, twenty eight hospitals were selected as investigation units.Research objects are Shanghai migrant rural female nursing workers.Results Contents mainly include objective experience and subjective feeling in social support of Shanghai migrant rural female workers.Job security of Shanghai migrant rural female nursing workers was not so good, and their job satisfaction was directly influenced by the family support; Job recognition degree of migrant rural female nursing workers was high.Respect from patients and their families have great impacted on migrant rural female nursing workers'job satisfaction.Conclusions Shanghai migrant rural female nursing workers have intense social support demand in economic revenue,job security, family support, social recognition and etc.%目的 调查分析上海外来女性护理工社会支持需求意愿的状况.方法 采用随机抽样方法,选择上海地区28家医院作为调查单位,调查对象为上海外来女性护工,调研内容主要包括上海外来女性护理工在社会支持中客观感受支持和主观感受支持的状况.结果 上海外来女性护理工职业保障情况较差,家庭支持度高其工作满意度也高;外来女性护理工岗位认同度较高,岗位满意与患者及家属的尊重有较大的关系.结论 上海外来女性护理工在经济收入、职业保障、家庭支持、社会认同等方面都有较强的社会支持需求.

  4. Study on Undertaking-starting of New Generation Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuang; LU; Wanzhao; LIU

    2014-01-01

    New generation migrant workers have become mainstay of China’s migrant workers and also major builders of China’s urbanization process. Compared with last generation migrant workers,new generation migrant workers have greater awareness of starting an undertaking. In the new trend,undertaking-starting is inevitable for new generation migrant workers. This study analyzed problems encountered by new generation migrant workers in the course of starting an undertaking. It reached conclusions that competent authorities should set up support mechanism in undertaking-starting training,undertaking-starting fund,service platform,and preferential policies,to encourage and support new generation migrant workers to start an undertaking.

  5. 农民工与城镇职工的就业稳定性差异--兼论女性农民工就业稳定性的双重负效应%The Employment Stability Differentials between Migrant Workers and Urban Workers:The Double negative Effect for Female Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周闯

    2014-01-01

    We distinguish the stable employment as signing over one year contract with employers and investigate the employment stability difference between migrant workers and urban workers applying the decomposition technique to binary outcome model. The results show:the ratio of stable employment in migrant workers is significantly lower than that in urban workers and the difference in education and in experience contributed to the ratio gap most; the ratio gap explained by discrimination is lower than that can be explained by the difference in human capital; the multiple levels of discrimination due to being a woman and a migrant at the same time intersect for female migrant workers, but the doublenegative effect is also smaller than the effect explained by the difference in human capital. In addition, the lower coverage of public employment service in migrant workers and the difference in the employment industry can also explain the ratio gap modestly.%将雇主是否提供一年期及以上劳动合同作为就业稳定性的划分,采用二元离散选择模型分解方法分析了农民工与城镇职工的就业稳定性差异。研究表明:农民工稳定就业比显著低于城镇职工,主要原因在于其教育水平和工作经验与城镇职工存在较大的差距,市场歧视所产生的影响小于这两类人力资本差距的影响;女性农民工的就业稳定性尽管存在着户籍和性别的双重负效应,但双重负效应仍低于人力资本差距的影响。此外,城镇公共就业服务对农民工较低的覆盖率以及农民工与城镇职工就业的行业差异也对就业稳定性差异给出了一定程度的解释。

  6. Miniature Marimbas: Migrant Workers' Memories of Home.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Jayne

    1995-01-01

    Three Mexican migrant workers attending classes at Geneseo (New York) Migrant Center used leftover art materials to represent their home village in miniature. A spontaneous artistic expression, the objects allowed the men an opportunity to reminisce and reinforce cultural and interpersonal ties, and gave insight about their background and culture…

  7. [Healthcare for migrant workers in Israel].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fried, Mordechai

    2003-06-01

    An estimated 300.000 migrant workers are currently living in Israel, which is about 5% of the general population. More then half of this population is undocumented and have very limited access to public health care. Due to the financial difficulties within the Israel's public health system, the entity is unable to deal with the needs of migrant workers. Hence, when these migrant workers need inpatient care, hospitals have to bear the costs and this situation creates a divergence between medical and economic considerations. The open clinic of "Physicians for Human Rights", which is operated by volunteer physicians and nurses, is able to provide medical aid for mild and transient illnesses, but not for chronic diseases. Israeli physicians are regularly confronted with ethical issues, regarding the therapy they would like to provide to undocumented migrant workers, but are unable to do so. In Europe, undocumented migrant workers have better access to public health care than in Israel. The Israeli public health system should permit all migrant workers to insure themselves at affordable prices, or another inexpensive insurance system should be created for them.

  8. The migrant worker: visible, yet invisible

    OpenAIRE

    Win, Aung

    2015-01-01

    Immigrant workers are a vulnerable and underserved population. The average life expectancy of the migrant worker is 49 years, compared to 77.2 years for most Americans. Immigrant workers have a higher disease burden than other populations and work in occupations with high hazard levels. In addition, they have low socioeconomic levels and face many barriers to accessing healthcare services. Undocumented immigrant workers are excluded in the Affordable Care Act. Health professionals must be att...

  9. Children of Migrant Workers: Exploring the Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bercaw, Lynne; Colby, Susan; Pacifici, Linda; Oldendorf, Sandra; Groce, Robin; Groce, Eric

    2006-01-01

    The topic of migrant workers is commonplace among headlines in the national news, but such workers have been part of the United States economy for at least seventy-five years, as can be seen in decades of enrollment records in K-12 schools. In this article, the authors discuss an integrated unit of study which integrates language arts and social…

  10. Migrant Workers and the Changing Psychological Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Arthur; Finniear, Jocelyn

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The influx of migrant workers in the UK has widespread interest. This group's experience of the British work place has evoked considerable debate ranging from the potential to be exploited through unscrupulous practices to allegations about taking away jobs from British workers. The purpose of this paper is to extend knowledge about the…

  11. A profile of HIV risk factors in the context of sex work environments among migrant female sex workers in Beijing, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Huso; Mantell, Joanne E; Wu, Rongrong; Lu, Zhao; Zeng, Jing; Wan, Yanhai

    2010-03-01

    Migrant female sex workers (FSWs) are one of the most at-risk populations for HIV in China. This study demonstrates how multiple risk factors are situated and vary by types of sex work environments in a sample of 348 migrant FSWs in Beijing. Participants reported high rates of clients' refusal to use condoms (76%), unsafe sex with both clients (32%), non-paid regular partners (e.g. boyfriend or husband) (76%), and a sexually transmitted infection symptom (79%) last year. Only 22% of FSWs had been tested for HIV. Risk factors were compared by three types of sex work environments: (1) entertainment establishments, (2) personal services sectors, and (3) street-based venues, including roadside brothels. Street-based FSWs, compared to the other FSWs, were more likely to be older, married with children, migrate from rural areas, and be arrested by police, and less likely to be educated, have contact with prevention services, be knowledgeable about HIV, and be tested for HIV. The FSWs in entertainment establishments were more likely than street-based FSWs to have reported being physically, verbally, and/or sexually abused by clients. Multiple discriminant analysis distinguished a profile of two different groups of risk factors: (1) police arrest, lack of protection from violence, access to prevention and health care, and HIV knowledge, and (2) verbal and physical abuse and clients' refusal of condom use. In the massive internal migration in China, disadvantages in economic sectors drive women to become involved in sex work. HIV prevention strategies must target socio-structural factors embedded in sex work environments.

  12. The Undocumented: Educating the Children of Migrant Workers in America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Paul E.

    2003-01-01

    Partly because of mobility, but mostly because of poverty, migrant children are systematically denied their right to equal educational opportunity. This review covers migrant families' immigration and illegal immigration, migration patterns, poor living conditions, impact of migrant workers on the U.S. economy, children as migrant workers, impact…

  13. Health Condition of Migrant Women Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    WITH the deepening of economic reform, an increasingly large surplus labor force is transforming urban areas. They are flocking to areas such as Guangdong Province, which has attracted the highest number of rural migrant workers in the country. In the first six months of 1996, its registered migrant labor force from other provinces reached 5.4 million; in Zhongshan City alone, it numbers more than 400,000, among whom 240,000 are women.

  14. Assessing Oral Cancer Awareness Among Rural Latino Migrant Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodd, Virginia J; Schenck, David P; Chaney, Elizabeth H; Padhya, Tapan

    2016-06-01

    Latino migrant farm workers suffer significant health disparities, including poor oral health. The purpose of this research was to assess Latino migrant farm workers' OC awareness, including knowledge and care-seeking behaviors. A 42-item survey was developed. Trained, bilingual researchers verbally administered the survey to migrant farm workers in Hillsborough County, Florida. Frequencies and descriptive statistics were generated to report baseline data. The sample consisted of 53.7 % female respondents. The mean age for males and females respectively was 38.7 and 39.2. Most respondents had attended grade school; 6.7 % never attended school. Perceptions of cancer susceptibility were present; knowledge of OC risk factors, signs and symptoms was low. Participants were unlikely to seek preventive care. The results contribute to the limited studies regarding Latino migrant farm workers and oral cancer risk factor awareness and knowledge. Findings highlight factors influencing motivation and care-seeking behaviors, as well as provide guidance for development of educational materials.

  15. Migrant workers: victims of war in Gulf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    The Persian Gulf War forced millions of migrant workers in the region to return home, causing hardship not only on the workers but also on their home countries. Prior to the war, the region's oil wealth had attracted migrants from around the world. By 1990, some 3 million resided in Iraq and Kuwait alone. Many more worked in other Gulf countries. But only 2 months after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, over 2 million workers had fled the region or had been returned home. Yemenis and Egyptians alone accounted for 750,000 and 1/2 million workers, respectively. There were also an estimated 600,000 Asians. Although many of the migrants were unskilled laborers, many also were skilled laborers and professionals. Jordanians and Palestinians made up much of the Kuwaiti civil service. As the war unfolded, it became clear that the migrant workers lacked any of the legal rights and protection granted to other citizens. Many workers were not allowed to return home because of their importance to the economy. Others, like some 35,000 Sri Lankan housemaids in Kuwait, were stranded in the war zone, lacking the money and means to return home. In most cases, the workers also suffered from frozen bank accounts, unpaid wages and benefits, and property loss. Their return home also created problems for their countries. Jordan's population increased by 10% in 1990 due to the returning population. Yemen's unemployment increased from 10% to 25%. As a result of the Gulf war experience, the UN General Assembly adopted the International Convention on the Rights of Migrant Workers and their Families, which must now be ratified by 20 nations before implementation begins.

  16. HIV/AIDS and Croatian migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stulhofer, Aleksandar; Brouillard, Pamela; Nikolić, Nebojga; Greiner, Nina

    2006-12-01

    Due to their geographical mobility and long periods of separation from intimate partners, migrant workers are at increased risk for a variety of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS. This study sought to investigate patterns in HIV/AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and sexual behaviour in migrant workers in Croatia. In 2003, 566 male migrant workers were recruited during regular required medical examinations and surveyed at seven locations throughout the country. Each participant was asked to complete a self-administered KABP (sexual knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices) questionnaire. The average age of respondents was 38.2 years and the majority worked as seafarers (77.3%) and construction workers (20.5%). Only 18.5% of respondents were able to correctly answer all 13 questions assessing knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Seafarers reported higher levels of knowledge than did construction workers. The average respondent reported having had two sexual partners in the last 12 months, with slightly over half of the respondents (55.3%) reporting condom use at their last intercourse with a casual partner. One fifth of the respondents (20.3%) who reported having had intercourse with a sex worker during the last year reported not using condoms at last intercourse. The number of sexual partners was correlated with age, marital status, faith in God, and personal HIV risk assessment. Attitudes toward condom use, co-workers' HIV/AIDS concerns and the duration of migrant status (within the last two years) were shown to be significant correlates of condom use at last intercourse with a casual partner. The effect of HIV/AIDS related knowledge on analyzed behaviors did not reach statistical significance. Inadequate patterns of migrant workers' condom use, gaps in knowledge about HIV transmission and modes of protection, as well as widespread ignorance regarding available anonymous HIV testing found by this study suggest a critical need for expert intervention to

  17. Health services for reproductive tract infections among female migrant workers in industrial zones in Ha Noi, Viet Nam: an in-depth assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Kim Le; Pham Lien; Vu Lan; Schelling Esther

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Rural-to-urban migration involves a high proportion of females because job opportunities for female migrants have increased in urban industrial areas. Those who migrate may be healthier than those staying in the village and they may benefit from better health care services at destination, but the 'healthy' effect can be reversed at destination due to migration-related health risk factors. The study aimed to explore the need for health care services for reproductive tract i...

  18. Tobacco smoking among migrant factory workers in Shenzhen, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mou, Jin; Fellmeth, Gracia; Griffiths, Sian; Dawes, Martin; Cheng, Jinquan

    2013-01-01

    While several studies of smoking behaviors in rural-to-urban Chinese migrants exist, none to our knowledge have focused on factory workers, estimated to represent between 10% and 20% of China's total rural-to-urban migratory population. This paper assesses factors associated with smoking behavior among rural-to-urban migrant factory workers in Shenzhen, China. A cross-sectional survey of migrant workers from 44 randomly selected factories in Shenzhen, China. Participants were migrant factory workers aged 16-59 years and holding nonlocal household registration. The main outcome measures were demographic, migration-related, and behavioral factors associated with smoking status. Four thousand and eighty-eight completed questionnaires were obtained (response rate 95.5%). Overall smoking prevalence (including occasional, daily, and heavy daily smoking) was 19.1%. The prevalence of daily smoking (including heavy daily smoking) was higher in men (27.3%) than women (0.7%). These rates are significantly lower than national smoking rates (59.5% in men, 3.7% in women) and rates found in a similar study. A high-risk group of men who smoke heavily and consume alcohol frequently was identified. Longer working hours and less rest were associated with higher rates of smoking. Frequent Internet use and lack of insurance were associated with lifetime smoking. Gender-adjusted models showed that poorer mental health and an accumulated working time in Shenzhen of 2-3 years increased female workers' likelihood of smoking. Migrant factory workers in Shenzhen had lower rates of smoking than other population groups in China. The identification of risk factors for heavy smoking may help to effectively target health promotion interventions.

  19. Government Helps Migrant Workers Recover Unpaid Salary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    As the traditional Chinese New Year draws near,local governments in China have launched a special inspection of the country's building, services, catering and manufacturing industries and are taking complaints from the tens of thousands of migrant workers who remain unpaid.

  20. Migrant Workers. Report VII (2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland).

    A 59-item questionnaire covering all aspects of migrant labor was sent by the International Labor Office to member States, of whom 45 sent replies which are summarized in the document. For each of the questions, the question is reproduced and followed by a list indicating which governments responded and the nature of the response. The substance of…

  1. Education of migrant workers' children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warzee, Louis

    1975-01-01

    Article focused on the obstacles of educating migrant children and discussed three themes relating to these problems, namely, reception in the host country, educational provision up to the school leaving age, and vocational training and general education of adolescents and adults. (Author/RK)

  2. Recommendations for Evidence-based Thinking on Migrant Worker Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng ZHANG

    2016-01-01

    Evidence-based thinking originates from the United States. It stresses combination of actual facts and practical experience of managers to find out optimal evidence and make decisions accordingly. Migrant worker is a unique concept of China. Migrant workers are essential parts of industrial forces. However,due to limitation of their quality,they generally fail to bring into play their important function in the industry chain. At present,there are many problems in training models of migrant workers,leading to failure to raise their employment ability. This study is expected to introduce the evidence-based thinking into the building of training models for migrant workers,to provide recommendations for migrant worker training,raise efficiency of migrant worker training,and so as to bring into play important function of migrant workers in socialist construction of China.

  3. Confined mobilities: following Indonesian migrant workers on their way home

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kloppenburg, S.; Peters, P.

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the return journeys of Indonesian migrant domestic workers to their home towns. When migrant workers return home, the Indonesian government sets them apart from other travellers in order to protect the migrants from extortion in the airport environment, and assist them during the

  4. 外来女工生殖健康主要影响因素的研究进展%Study on Influencing Factors of Reproductive Health irt Female Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付显华; 吴兰笛; 王家骥; 朱春燕; 周志衡

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the reproductive health status of the female migrant workers. The female migrant workers are the main group of sexually transmitted diseases. Both the prevalence of the reproductive system and the induced abortion rate among the unmarried women are high. Their subheahh rate is as high as 67.91% ,the dysmenorrhea and irregular menstruation are the principal factors which affect the subhealth of the foreign female workers. The affecting factors of reproductive health of the female migrant workers include the institutions,personal factors,environmental risk factors and occupational hazards and so on. The occupational hazards exert greater influence on the reproductive health becauise it can induce menoxenia,infertlity, spontaneous abortion and premature birth. But there are few relevant in-depth reporting in domestic news,which reflect the reality that we have confronted in preventing environmental risk factors and occupational hazards. This paper propose that the related department should make a lot of effective polices to promote the reproductive health of the female migrant workers.%本文阐述了外来女工生殖健康的现状.外来女工是性传播疾病的重点人群,她们生殖系统疾病的患病率和未婚流产率居高不下、亚健康发生率高达67.91%,导致亚健康的危险因素主要是痛经和月经不调等生殖健康问题.影响外来女工的生殖健康的危险因素主要有制度因素、个人因素、环境与职业有害因素等.其中环境与职业有害因素对女性生殖健康的影响较大,可引起月经异常、不孕、自然流产、早产等,而国内鲜见此类报道,暴露了我国防治外来女工职业危害的堪忧现状.本文建议从外来女工生殖健康的影响因素着手,采取多角度、综合干预的手段改善外来女工生殖健康,为有关部门的决策提供依据.

  5. Diferencias en la salud de jornaleras y jornaleros agrícolas migrantes en Sinaloa, México Health differences between male and female migrant agricultural workers in Sinaloa, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Edilia Palacios-Nava

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Evaluar las diferencias en la prevalencia de síntomas de origen muscarínico y nicotínico, y el nivel de colinesterasa eritrocítica de jornaleras y jornaleros agrícolas, antes de la exposición a plaguicidas. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Entre enero y febrero de 2001 se realizó un estudio transversal con 488 trabajadores migrantes en el estado de Sinaloa, México. Se aplicó un cuestionario y se midió colinesterasa eritrocítica antes del inicio de sus labores en la temporada agrícola. Las diferencias por sexo se analizaron utilizando prueba t para variables cuantitativas, ji2 para cualitativas y razón de momios para la prevalencia. Se consideraron alfa=0.05 e intervalos de confianza de 95% como niveles de significancia. RESULTADOS: Se encontraron diferencias significativas en edad, forma de migración, lugar de procedencia, nivel de escolaridad y antigüedad migratoria (p=0.000. Las mujeres presentaron seis veces más posibilidad de enfermar de anemia y asma, dos veces más parásitos, el doble de infecciones respiratorias y estomacales, y 38% más en enfermedades del corazón. También se encontró entre ellas una mayor posibilidad de presentar 13 de 19 síntomas interrogados. El promedio del nivel de colinesterasa se encontró en límites de normalidad (4.22 U/ml±0.77 y fue semejante a los reportados por el método Magnotti. CONCLUSIONES: La prevalencia de síntomas, enfermedades y el nivel de colinesterasa encontrados en este estudio pueden ser un referente basal para la comparación posterior de alteraciones producidas por exposición a plaguicidas.OBJECTIVE: To assess the differences in the prevalence of muscarinic and nicotinic type symptoms and the level of erythrocytic cholinesterase, prior to pesticide exposure, in male and female migrant agricultural workers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2001 in Sinaloa State, Mexico, among 488 migrant workers. A questionnaire was applied and erythrocytic

  6. The Future of the Migrant Workers: the Issue of Pensioning of the Retired Migrant Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boxia Liu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The first generation migrant workers contributed a lot to the construction of the cities with the lowest wages and the hardest work. On the other hand, due to flaws in the current social insurance systems, unclear responsibility of enterprises, insufficient understanding of the migrant workers themselves, there appear the dilemma that the cities refuse to care for migrant workers while the countryside cannot undertake the task and the traditional family and land-supporting model also fails to do so. And this has become an urgent problem faced the whole society. This paper, by analyzing the predicament and the issues of the care service of the retired migrant workers, presents solutions such as bettering the insurance system, quickening the law making, and popularizing the idea of responsibilities and consciousness of the enterprises and the farmer workers. It also calls for a power financial support from the government, and a way to unite the transitional system of the insurance policies, with strict supervision and management to protect the lawful interest of the migrant workers.

  7. Fighting poverty: the economic adjustment of female migrants in Dhaka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huq-hussain, S

    1995-10-01

    Data from a field survey of slum and squatter settlements in Dhaka, Bangladesh, are used to examine the social adjustment of poor, female migrants to work, occupational choice, work satisfaction, income, control over income, and women's role in the family economy. A "poor household," defined in terms of nutritional intake, included those families receiving under 2122 cal/person/day. 44% of the urban population in Bangladesh do not obtain the daily nutritional requirement. Findings indicate that 61% of all female migrants expected to find work on arrival in the city. 44% of female migrants were willing to take any kind of work available at the time of arrival. Over 66% of all females found work in less than 6 months. Almost 25% took 6 months to a year to find a job, and 15% found work after a year's time. Recent migrants, who were older, found work quicker. 16% of female migrants found their job with help from relatives and friends (23% of recent migrants and 14% of long-term migrants). Among female migrants who sought a job on their own, 14% found work within 6 months. 3% found work between 6 months and a year. The rest were engaged in family and home-based work or found a job much later. In Dhaka, most women migrants worked in the service or informal sector. 40% of the sample worked as domestics, 38% worked in the informal sector, 16% worked in other informal work, and 5% worked in export-based garment industries. Most female migrants lived in the British Dhaka zone and the post-British Dhaka zone. Those living in the Mughal Dhaka zone tended to work in home-based informal activities. Garment industry workers tended to have more education. Women in the informal sector did not receive cash income. Just over 33% received income in kind, about 25% received a low income, and another 25% received a moderate income. In 71% of cases, husbands or fathers handled the money. 29% handled income on their own. Their own earnings went mostly for survival needs. Over 70% changed

  8. The migrant worker: visible, yet invisible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Win, Aung

    2015-01-22

    Immigrant workers are a vulnerable and underserved population. The average life expectancy of the migrant worker is 49 years, compared to 77.2 years for most Americans. Immigrant workers have a higher disease burden than other populations and work in occupations with high hazard levels. In addition, they have low socioeconomic levels and face many barriers to accessing healthcare services. Undocumented immigrant workers are excluded in the Affordable Care Act. Health professionals must be attuned to the health issues of new immigrants so that they can provide better services. In order to raise the health standards of America, health professionals must provide healthcare for all, including immigrant workers.

  9. Clandestine migrant workers in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagayama, T

    1992-01-01

    The author assesses the problem of illegal labor migration to Japan. "Labor policies, regulations, types of immigration violations, and the role of the recruitment industry are described. Most of the estimated 200,000 illegal workers are employed in small and medium sized enterprises, especially construction and manufacturing, which pay them wages well below the normal rate. A key issue is the infringement of human rights of these illegal workers, who lack the protection of labor laws and the social security system."

  10. Work injuries among migrant workers in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biering, Karin; Lander, Flemming; Rasmussen, Kurt

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Work migration into Denmark has increased during the recent decades, especially after the enlargement of the European Union (EU) in 2004. Whether or not migrant workers experience more work injuries than the native workforce has been debated and results are conflicting, most likely due...... to methodological difficulties and cultural disparities. We set out to meet these challenges using population-based work injury registers, targeting a specific and representative region in Denmark. METHODS: This population-based study used data on work injuries from an emergency department (ED) and reported...... injuries from the ED's catchment area to the Danish Working Environment Authority during 11 years. We calculated incidences of work injury for groups of migrant workers compared with native Danes and adjusted incidence rate ratios based on information on the complete working population. RESULTS...

  11. Citizens’ attitudes towards migrant workers in Qatar

    OpenAIRE

    Diopa, Abdoulaye; Trung Lea, Kien; Johnstonb, Trevor; Ewersa, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Public attitudes play a critical role in shaping policies towards immigration and the status of migrant workers. Facing growing pressure from international human rights organizations, media and other groups, the Gulf Cooperation Council states have begun efforts to reform the current kafala system, which prevails throughout the region. Yet despite these efforts, relatively little is known about what citizens actually think of this policy, let alone their more general attitudes ...

  12. Violence against women migrant workers in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaiyanukij, Charnchao

    2004-10-01

    A paper on "Violence against Women Migrant Workers in Thailand" will show the situation of women migrant workers in Thailand, why they have to come to Thailand, what kind of job they do, how they are abused and exploited by employer in many types of violence and how the Thai government manages to solve the problems and assist them. The term or definition of "violence against women-VAW" and "discrimination against women" is provided and based on the definition stated in the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Readers will see that violence against women is a form of discrimination committed on a basis of sex. In other words, VAW is a clear violation of women's inherent human rights including the rights to life, liberty, and security of person, equality, equal protection under the law and freedom from all forms of discrimination. More than one hundred thousands of women illegal migrant workers work in Thailand. They come from countries in the Mekong Sub-region namely Myanmar Lao PDR, Cambodia, Vietnam and China (Yunnan province). As they come illegally and have low level of education and working skills, they are vulnerable to exploitation, abuse or face violence. In general, they work in small factories, domestic work and restaurant. They are forced begging, forced prostitution or work in a slavery-like condition. Root causes of illegal migration and VAW are interrelated and occur in both sending and receiving countries of migrant workers. Poverty, demand and supply sides of labor, level of education, no knowledge of their own rights, impact of capitalism and gender issues, are mentioned as original factors of migration and VAW. The Thai government has national policy, plan, instrument and measures to cope with in- migration of illegal workers. Not only government agencies are active to solve the problems and assist the women migrant workers, but also non

  13. Migrant workers spreading HIV in Southeast Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-10-21

    Interruption of the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) across southeast Asian borders by legal and illegal migrant laborers is a major concern of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). ASEAN intends to move immediately to implement regional projects focused on education, information sharing, and improved surveillance. HIV transmission from laborers from poorer countries in search of jobs in economically booming regions underscores the global nature of the AIDS problem. Malaysia, for example, has over 1 million illegal workers. Moreover, many legal guest workers who enter Malaysia with letters from a physician stating they are not HIV-infected have falsified documents.

  14. Analysis on reproductive health status and effect factors of migrant female workers in Shenzhen%深圳外来女工生殖健康状况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付显华; 吴兰笛; 王家骥; 朱春燕; 周志衡

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To understand the reproductive health status and effect factors of migrant female workers in Shenzhen.Methods: Stratified cluster random sampling method was used to survey the reproductive health status of 3 622 migrant female workers in Shenzhen by spot field investigation, and the results were analyzed by non- conditional logistic regression analysis.Results: The prevalence of reproductive system diseases among migrant female workers was 12.3%, the first five diseases included vaginitis ( 112 women,3.09% ), irregular menstruation ( 101 women, 2.79% ), dysmenorrhea (60 women, 1.66% ), cervicitis (74 women, 2.04% ) and pelvic inflammatory disease (38 women, 1.05% ); multivariate logistic analysis showed that the risk factors of reproductive system diseases included history of induced abortion, having sexual behavior in recent three months, working more than 2 years and older age.Conclusion: The prevalence of reproductive system diseases among migrant female workers is high, it is urgent to provide effective reproductive health education and services for them.%目的:了解深圳外来女工的生殖健康状况及其影响因素.方法:采用随机分层整群抽样方法对3 622名深圳外来女工进行生殖健康相关问题的现场问卷调查,对调查数据进行非条件Logistic回归分析.结果:外来女工生殖系统疾病患病率12.3%,前5名疾病分别是阴道炎(112人,3.09%)、月经不调(101人,2.79%)、痛经(60人,1.66%)、宫颈炎(74人,2.04%)、盆腔炎(38人,1.05%);多因素分析显示有人工流产史、近3个月有性行为、工作时间大于2年、年龄大是生殖健康疾病患病的危险因素.结论:外来女工的生殖系统疾病患病率高,为她们提供有效地生殖健康教育和服务刻不容缓.

  15. Social, psychological, and environmental-structural factors determine consistent condom use among rural-to-urban migrant female sex workers in Shanghai China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye Xiuxia

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To determine potential social, psychological, and environmental-structural factors that may result in motivating female sex workers (FSWs, who are rural-to-urban migrants, and their paying partners in Shanghai, China to promote consistent condom use (CCU. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in five districts of Shanghai, including three suburbs and two downtown locales. We adopted a cluster randomized sampling method to obtain 20 geographic sites, which consisted of 1 or more communities/villages proximal to a location where FSWs were accessible. Five hundred four FSWs from 132 Xitou Fang (shampoo wash rooms, massage parlors, and hair salons who explicitly provided sexual services were enrolled in the study. Each participant completed a questionnaire survey and interview aimed to collect information on the perceptions and behaviors of individuals associated with a risk for human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(HIV/AIDS,self-efficacy at negotiating safe sex,and the physical, social, and policy environment of the establishments where they worked. Results The percentage of FSWs who reported consistent condom use with their paying partners was 63.3%. Controlling for socio-demographic characteristics in multivariate analyses, environmental-structural support (OR, 3.96; CI, 2.52–6.22 for condom use was the most significant positive predictor of CCU among FSWs and their regular paying partners. A high perception of susceptibility and risk of HIV/AIDS (OR, 1.96; CI, 1.25–3.01, a high perception of benefits on condom use to protect themselves (OR, 2.06; CI, 1.32–3.22, and high safe sex self-efficacy (OR, 2.52; CI, 1.64–3.85 also play important roles on CCU based on multivariate analyses. Conclusions Environmental-structural factor support for condom use, in addition to social, psychological, and individual cognitive factors are significant predictors of CCU among FSWs, which should be

  16. Sexual behavior of migrant workers in Shanghai, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Wei; Gao, Jian; Gong, Jian; Xia, Xiuping; Yang, Hua; Shen, Yao; Gu, Jie; Wang, Tianhao; Liu, Yao; Zhou, Jing; Shen, Zhiping; Zhu, Zhushan; Pan, Zhigang

    2015-10-17

    Rapid urbanization of China has resulted in significant domestic migration. The purpose of the present study was to survey the sexual behavior of migrant workers in Shanghai and determine the risk factors for unprotected sex. A cross-sectional study of the sexual behavior of 5996 migrant workers was conducted in 7 administrative regions of Shanghai in 2012 from August to October. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Five thousand seven hundred seventy two out of the 5996 migrants enrolled into the present study were primarily young adults aged 34.3 ± 10.6 years. Of them, 73.5 % were married, 51.1 % graduated from junior high school, 46.0 % earned 1500-2500 yuan (RMB) monthly. The majority (82.3 %) of the migrants engaged in sexual behavior, and 58.0 % did not use condoms in sexual intercourse. Some of the participants (15.2 %) had casual extramarital partners within the previous 12 months; among them, 76.2 % never or only occasionally used condoms. The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that condom use was associated with age, occupation, monthly income, education, and housing conditions. Having temporary sexual partners was significantly associated with several factors such as unmarried (OR: 0.47, 95 % CI: 0.38-0.57), working at domestic (OR: 1.65,95 % CI: 1.17-2.34), working at wholesale/retail(OR: 1.65, 95 % CI: 1.13-2.13), and male migrants (OR: 2.37, 95 % CI: 1.96-2.85), but not with other factors such as age, monthly income, or education. Having casual extramarital partners was significantly associated with female migrants working at domestic (OR: 1.89, 95 % CI: 1.09-3.28), unmarried male migrants (OR: 0.51, 95 % CI: 0.36-0.74). Closer attention should be paid to sexual health education among migrant workers, especially women and those working in domestic and wholesale/retail occupations. The use of condoms should be promoted for older (>35 y), low-income, and less-educated individuals.

  17. Analysis on Management of Entrepreneurial Environment for Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong YANG

    2016-01-01

    Entrepreneurial behavior of returning migrant workers plays a significant role in development of rural areas. Management of entrepreneurial environment can stimulate enthusiasm of migrant workers for entrepreneurial activities,reducing their entrepreneurial costs,and increasing the probability of their success in entrepreneurial activities. Management of entrepreneurial environment includes management of financing,system,technology,and social network environment. It is recommended to improve fitting and mutual adaptation of different types of environment through consolidating various types of environment,and make overall environment management from the entrepreneurial process of migrant workers,so as to improve enthusiasm of migrant workers for entrepreneurial activities and increase the probability of successful entrepreneurial activities.

  18. Preparing rural migrant workers for new jobs amid crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张车伟; 王智勇

    2009-01-01

    Referencing statistical yearbooks and census data,we first estimate the total number of rural migrant workers in China at about 238 million in 2008,including 71.4 million working across provinces.We also estimate how many migrant workers will be affected by the financial crisis and may lose their jobs.The coastal areas are the hardest hit.We predict that China in the first half of 2009 will face the most serious employment situation since the dawn of the new century, and that structural unemployment of rural migrant workers is the main problem.We estimate that around 34.18 million rural migrant workers would be facing the risk of structural unemployment.In order to cope with the shocks to rural migrant workers’ employment,the government should put a policy emphasis on adjusting rural migrant workers to new jobs.

  19. Who is a Migrant Farm Worker? Quien Es Un Trabajador Agricola Migrante?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escamilla, Manuel

    Concerned with varying definitions of migrants given by Federal agencies helping them, the 2 objectives of this study were to present migrant definitions utilized by these agencies and to initiate discussion on one standard definition of a migrant worker. Using standards of the Office of Economic Opportunity, the Department of Labor, the…

  20. Tasks performed by primary caregivers and migrant live-in homecare workers in Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Iecovich

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The issue of migrant live-in homecare workers has been barely addressed in the gerontological literature, in spite of the increase of older persons being cared for by such persons in many Western countries. The purposes of the study are to examine the extent to which migrant live-in homecare workers substitute family caregivers or complement the care that is provided by primary caregivers, and to examine if there are differences in primary caregivers’ involvement in providing help with activities of daily living (ADL and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL before and after hiring a migrant live-in homecare worker, by caregivers’ employment status and gender. The data were drawn from a study that included 335 triads (care recipients, their primary caregivers, and their Filipina live-in homecare workers. The findings show that for the most part primary caregivers continue to play a significant role in providing care, in particular with regard to IADL tasks, even when there is a migrant live-in homecare worker. Several patterns of division of labor between the formal and informal caregivers were identified; that is, in some cases they complement each other while in other cases the migrant live-in homecare workers substitute for the care previously provided by the primary caregivers. Significant differences between male and female caregivers and between working and nonworking caregivers were found with regard to involvement in providing care before and after employment of a migrant homecare worker.

  1. Migration, violence, and safety among migrant sex workers: a qualitative study in two Guatemalan communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha-Jiménez, Teresita; Brouwer, Kimberly C; Silverman, Jay G; Morales-Miranda, Sonia; Goldenberg, Shira M

    2016-09-01

    Despite reports of high levels of violence among women migrants in Central America, limited evidence exists regarding the health and safety of migrant sex workers in Central America. This study is based on 16 months of field research (November 2012-February 2014), including ethnographic fieldwork, in-depth interviews, and focus groups conducted with 52 internal and international migrant female sex workers in Tecún Umán and Quetzaltenango, Guatemala, key transit and destination communities for both international and internal migrants. The analysis explored migration-related determinants of susceptibility to violence experienced by migrant sex workers across different phases of migration. Violence in home communities and economic considerations were key drivers of migration. Unsafe transit experiences (eg undocumented border crossings) and negative interactions with authorities in destination settings (eg extortion) contributed to migrant sex workers' susceptibility to violence, while enhanced access to information on immigration policies and greater migration and sex work experience were found to enhance agency and resilience. Findings suggest the urgent need for actions that promote migrant sex workers' safety in communities of origin, transit, and destination, and programmes aimed at preventing and addressing human rights violations within the context of migration and sex work.

  2. Enhancing the Ethical Conduct of HIV Research with Migrant Sex Workers: Human Rights, Policy, and Social Contextual Influences.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shira M Goldenberg

    Full Text Available Migrant sex workers are often highly marginalized and disproportionately experience health and social inequities, including high prevalence of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and human rights violations. In recent years, research involving migrant sex workers has increased, yet many knowledge gaps remain regarding how best to protect research participant rights and welfare. Our objective was to identify key challenges and opportunities related to the responsible conduct of HIV research with migrant sex workers.Focus groups and interviews conducted with 33 female sex workers ≥18 years old at the Guatemala-Mexico border from June 2013-February 2014 were analyzed. Participants were recruited through community outreach by a local HIV prevention organization to sex work establishments such as bars, hotels, street corners, and truck stops.Key themes influencing research engagement for migrant sex workers included researcher mistrust and fear related to research participation, rooted in the social isolation frequently faced by recent migrants; intersecting concerns related to immigration status, fear of criminalization, and compliance with sex work regulations; and perceived benefits and risks of HIV/STI testing for migrants (e.g., immigration implications, stigma represent potential barriers and opportunities for the responsible conduct of research involving migrant sex workers.Results highlight the intersection between the human rights vulnerabilities of migrant sex workers and barriers to research participation, including social isolation of migrants and policy/legal barriers related to immigration and sex work. Findings illustrate the need for researchers to develop population-tailored procedures to address fears related to immigration and criminalization, and to reinforce positive and non-stigmatizing relationships with migrant sex workers. Community-led efforts to reduce stigma and foster community organization and supports for migrant

  3. Enhancing the Ethical Conduct of HIV Research with Migrant Sex Workers: Human Rights, Policy, and Social Contextual Influences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brouwer, Kimberly C.; Jimenez, Teresita Rocha; Miranda, Sonia Morales; Mindt, Monica Rivera

    2016-01-01

    Background Migrant sex workers are often highly marginalized and disproportionately experience health and social inequities, including high prevalence of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and human rights violations. In recent years, research involving migrant sex workers has increased, yet many knowledge gaps remain regarding how best to protect research participant rights and welfare. Our objective was to identify key challenges and opportunities related to the responsible conduct of HIV research with migrant sex workers. Methods Focus groups and interviews conducted with 33 female sex workers ≥18 years old at the Guatemala-Mexico border from June 2013–February 2014 were analyzed. Participants were recruited through community outreach by a local HIV prevention organization to sex work establishments such as bars, hotels, street corners, and truck stops. Results Key themes influencing research engagement for migrant sex workers included researcher mistrust and fear related to research participation, rooted in the social isolation frequently faced by recent migrants; intersecting concerns related to immigration status, fear of criminalization, and compliance with sex work regulations; and perceived benefits and risks of HIV/STI testing for migrants (e.g., immigration implications, stigma) represent potential barriers and opportunities for the responsible conduct of research involving migrant sex workers. Conclusions Results highlight the intersection between the human rights vulnerabilities of migrant sex workers and barriers to research participation, including social isolation of migrants and policy/legal barriers related to immigration and sex work. Findings illustrate the need for researchers to develop population-tailored procedures to address fears related to immigration and criminalization, and to reinforce positive and non-stigmatizing relationships with migrant sex workers. Community-led efforts to reduce stigma and foster community organization

  4. Enhancing the Ethical Conduct of HIV Research with Migrant Sex Workers: Human Rights, Policy, and Social Contextual Influences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldenberg, Shira M; Brouwer, Kimberly C; Jimenez, Teresita Rocha; Miranda, Sonia Morales; Mindt, Monica Rivera

    2016-01-01

    Migrant sex workers are often highly marginalized and disproportionately experience health and social inequities, including high prevalence of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and human rights violations. In recent years, research involving migrant sex workers has increased, yet many knowledge gaps remain regarding how best to protect research participant rights and welfare. Our objective was to identify key challenges and opportunities related to the responsible conduct of HIV research with migrant sex workers. Focus groups and interviews conducted with 33 female sex workers ≥18 years old at the Guatemala-Mexico border from June 2013-February 2014 were analyzed. Participants were recruited through community outreach by a local HIV prevention organization to sex work establishments such as bars, hotels, street corners, and truck stops. Key themes influencing research engagement for migrant sex workers included researcher mistrust and fear related to research participation, rooted in the social isolation frequently faced by recent migrants; intersecting concerns related to immigration status, fear of criminalization, and compliance with sex work regulations; and perceived benefits and risks of HIV/STI testing for migrants (e.g., immigration implications, stigma) represent potential barriers and opportunities for the responsible conduct of research involving migrant sex workers. Results highlight the intersection between the human rights vulnerabilities of migrant sex workers and barriers to research participation, including social isolation of migrants and policy/legal barriers related to immigration and sex work. Findings illustrate the need for researchers to develop population-tailored procedures to address fears related to immigration and criminalization, and to reinforce positive and non-stigmatizing relationships with migrant sex workers. Community-led efforts to reduce stigma and foster community organization and supports for migrant sex workers are

  5. Empirical Study on Online Political Participation of Young Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan; KANG; Jianbin; FANG

    2015-01-01

    Popularization of network technology and development of online political participation expand approaches of young migrant workers participating in political affairs and raise interest and ability of young migrant workers participating in political affairs. Through questionnaire of young migrant workers participating in political affairs in Xi’an,Xianyang and Yangling,the survey team found that political participation of young migrant workers takes on following characteristics: active and positive online political concern,passive and profit seeking online political expression,and claim of right. Besides,online political participation of young migrant workers is related to region,cultural level,and occupation,but not related with their political status. Based on this survey,it came up with recommendations: governments at all levels should strengthen network information construction,carry out theoretical and practical training for online political participation of young migrant workers,establish online political participation government feedback mechanism and enhance party organization construction,and bring into play the lead model role of party members of young migrant workers in online political participation.

  6. Proficiency in condom use among migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubens, Muni; McCoy, H Virginia; Shehadeh, Nancy

    2014-01-01

    Consistent and correct use of condoms is important to prevent the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. We evaluated condom use skills on an 11-point scale in which participants were observed placing a condom on a penile model. Participants were 375 sexually active African American and Hispanic migrant workers. For analysis, subjects were divided into skilled and unskilled groups by a median split of the condom use skills score. Sexual risk behaviors were analyzed between condom use skilled and unskilled groups and level of condom use skills between African Americans and Hispanics. African Americans showed better skills in using condoms, and participants in the condom-use skilled group used condoms more frequently. Finally, a logistic regression was conducted to find predictors of condom use skills. Significant predictors were ethnicity, language, and assistance-related social support (obtaining advice from people who could provide tangible assistance).

  7. Vulnerabilities and rights of migrant sex workers in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brussa, Licia; Munk, Veronica

    2010-10-01

    In recent years, Europe has witnessed a rise in the number of migrant sex workers, in part because of increased mobility for citizens of European Union member states. However, migrant sex workers find themselves in a highly vulnerable position in regard to having their rights respected and accessing HIV prevention services. In this article, based on a presentation at AIDS 2010, Licia Brussa and Veronica Munk outline the current situation of migrant sex workers in Europe and the steps that need to be taken to ensure that their rights are respected.

  8. Prenatal care disparities and the migrant farm worker community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bircher, Heidi

    2009-01-01

    The pregnant migrant farm worker faces many barriers to accessing healthcare in the United States due to poverty, language/literacy issues, transportation difficulties, and geographic isolation. The advanced practice nurse has the opportunity to contribute solutions to the problems of lack of adequate prenatal care among the migrant farm worker community, if he/she is aware of the need and can institute novel models of care. This article describes the problem of migrant farm worker health and suggests ways that advanced practice nurses can provide cost effective, competent professional care to reduce or eliminate the obstacles to care for this population.

  9. Involution: The Ecological Characteristics and Self-identity of New Generation Female Migrant Worker%内卷化:新生代女性农民工的生态特征和自我认同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左鹏; 吴岚

    2012-01-01

    新生代女性农民工是我国农民工中的一个特殊群体。以北京某大学食堂女工为例,从工作和生活两个方面考察了她们的生态特征和自我认同,发现她们在城市的发展呈现出内卷化的趋势。造成这种状况的结构性原因在于城乡文化的矛盾、户籍管理制度的障碍、家庭和社会性别分工的影响,改变这种状况需要从农村和城市两端推动相应的改革和发展。%The new generation female migrant worker is a special group in Chinese migrant works. This paper use the cafeteria female workers of an university in Beijing as an example, from two aspects of work and life to study their ecological characteristics and self-identity, and found that they showed the tendency of involution in there development in city. The structural causes of this situation are that the contradictions between urban and rural culture, the barrier of household registration system disorders, and the influence of family and gender division of labor. To change this situation, from both ends of the rural and urban to promote the appropriate reform and development is needed.

  10. Migrant Workers and Elimination of Risks in Chinese Modern Transformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Firstly, risks in Chinese modern transformation are discussed from the perspective of gap between urban and rural areas and mobility of rural laborers. Secondly, the significant role of migrant works in elimination of risks in Chinese modern transformation is analyzed from two aspects, namely rural migrant workers pursuing equal economic and political status (identity and household registration) when working in cities. Finally, it is concluded that migrant works play a key role in Chinese modern transformation.

  11. Migrant Workers in Agriculture: A View from Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thetkathuek, Anamai; Daniell, William

    2016-01-01

    There has been a dramatic increase in the global movement of workers during the last few decades. As Thailand has developed rapidly over the past 20 years, it has attracted laborers (both authorized and unauthorized) from the neighboring countries of Myanmar, People's Democratic Republic of Lao (Lao PDR), and Cambodia. Given that agriculture has been Thailand's most important industry, its continued growth has been dependent on migrant workers. Both crop agriculture and animal-production agriculture have employed migrant labor. Migrants have been hired to plant, weed, fertilize, spray pesticides, and harvest crops such as rice, corn, sugar cane, and cassava. They have worked at rubber and coffee plantations, as well as in the production of ornamental crops. Also, migrants have labored on pig, beef, and duck farms. There have been numerous documented health problems among migrant workers, including acute diarrhea, malaria, and fever of unknown causes. Occupational illness and injury have been a significant concern, and there has been limited health and safety training. This article reviewed the demographic changes in Thailand, studied the agricultural crops and animal production that are dependent on migrant labor, discussed the health status and safety challenges pertaining to migrant workers in agriculture, and described several recommendations. Among the recommendations, the conclusions of this study have suggested that addressing the cost for health care and solutions to health care access for migrant labor are needed.

  12. THE FEASIBILITY OF FINANCING INDONESIAN MIGRANT WORKERS BY ISLAMIC BANKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Agus Pramuka

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThis paper identifies the profile of migrant workers located in Banyumas regency, assesses the financial feasibility of the scheme, and gauges the viability of the migrant workers financing from conventional and Islamic banks’ perspectives. The samples comprises potential migrant workers, ex-migrant workers and their relatives. The nature of the study is descriptive qualitative where both primary and secondary data were analysed during the study. The result of the study indicates that financing migrant workers to work abroad is economically desirable for both conventional and Islamic banks. Either mode of financing, Islamic and conventional, are advantageous to the Indonesian workers who want to work abroad. Keywords: Feasibility study, financing, migrant workers, Islamic banks JEL classification numbers: G21, G29AbstrakMakalah ini mengidentifikasi profil pekerja migran di kabupaten Banyumas, menaksir kelayakan keuangan dari skema tersebut, dan memperkirakan kelayakan pembiyaan para pekerja migran dari perspektif bank islam dan bank konvensional. Sampel yang digunakan terdiri dari para pekerja migran potensial, bekas pekerja migran, serta keluarga mereka. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif kualitatif menggunakan baik data primer dan data sekunder. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa pembiayaan terhadap para pekerja migran untuk bekerja di luar negeri secara ekonomis adalah layak baik dari pserspektif bank islam maupun bank konvensional. Baik mode pembiayaan islam maupun konvensional memberikan keuntungan bagi para pekerja Indonesia yang bekerja di luar negeri.Kata kunci: Studi kelayakan, pembiayaan, pekerja migran, bank islamJEL classification numbers: G21, G29

  13. Attitudes Towards Migrant Workers in the GCC: Evidence from Qatar

    OpenAIRE

    Diop, Abdoulaye; Tessler, Mark; Trung Le, Kien; Al-Emadi, Darwish; Howell, David

    2012-01-01

    With the majority of Qatar’s total population made up of foreigners (high-skilled and low-skilled migrant workers), Qatari nationals may feel that there are significant challenges for their society; despite the absence of employment competition, this may lead many Qataris to see problems as well as benefits in the presence of these migrant workers in their country. Using a split-sample technique, Qataris’ attitudes towards these foreigners were assessed. Results suggest that Qa...

  14. Informal economy and migrant workers in urban China

    OpenAIRE

    L. Wu

    2013-01-01

    China's internal migration has drawn extensive attention from domestic and oversea scholars since the 1980s, and numerous studies have focused on the migrant workers who are employed by the 'world factories' and closely linked to the label of 'made in China'. However, few studies have paid their attention to the migrant workers who have been participating in the informal economy in urban China. In fact, informal economy, referring to the income‐generating activities that are not regulated by ...

  15. The Health Condition of Migrant Farm Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leon, Edgar

    This report examines information about the health status of migrant farmworkers, including specific issues related to migrant health services in Michigan. Despite the high rate of families with two wage earners, one-half of migrant farmworker families have incomes below the poverty level. Poverty is associated with poor nutrition and sanitation,…

  16. Linguistic Problems of Adult Migrant Workers and Socio-linguistic Problems of Migrant Workers' Children Being Educated in the Host Country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verdoodt, Albert

    This article examines the linguistic problems of adult migrant workers and sociolinguistic problems of their children. The introduction states provisions for migrant workers' ethnic and linguistic rights. An examination of the actual situation leads to the general statement that linguistic rights of migrant workers are passively tolerated and not…

  17. Сoping with stress in migrant workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Granskaya J.V.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Migration is an objective process in Russia as worldwide. It has always existed and played an important role in human history. The problem of migrant workers is acute in Russia, because it borders on 18 countries. The collapse of the USSR severely damaged the economy of many former socialist republics. Consequently, people who cannot find employment in their country are forced to migrate to Russia to earn money. Most migrant workers face social, economic and psychological problems. Often, lack of social skills adds more problems to their everyday life difficulties. These things cause stress reactions and slow down their adaptation process. On the other hand, one of the most difficult things for migrants is negative attitudes they encounter as newcomers. People around often associate migrants with illegal work, crime and terrorism. On a regular basis, media report about crimes committed by migrants.

  18. Migrant workers in Sabah, East Malaysia: The importance of legislation and policy to uphold equity on sexual and reproductive health and rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lasimbang, Helen Benedict; Tong, Wen Ting; Low, Wah Yun

    2016-04-01

    Sabah, located in Southeast Asia, hosts the highest number of non-Malaysian citizens (27.7%), predominantly the Indonesian and Filipino migrants in comparison to other states in Malaysia. Sabah has inadequate data on migrants' sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHRs). Various migrant-related policies and laws are present, but they do not offer full protection and rights to legal migrants in terms of their SRHRs. The aim of the laws and policies appears to be controlling the migrants from having any negative impact on the locals, rather than protecting migrants' health and rights. This affected their rights to marriage, having children, increase their vulnerabilities to labour trafficking and sexual abuse and access to health-care services. Female migrant workers and undocumented migrants form the most vulnerable subgroups of migrants. This narrative review highlights the status of SRHRs of migrants in Sabah and the migrant-related Malaysian laws and policies affecting their SRHRs.

  19. Research on Criminal Legal Aids for Migrant Workers in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianfeng XU

    2016-01-01

    With the acceleration of industrialization,urbanization,as well as the reform and opening-up,the amount of migrant workers is increasing sharply. However,the specialty of criminal cases is ignored,rights of migrant farmers and legal aids for them are neglected,making them commit crimes for lack of basic knowledge of laws and failing to be treated with fairness. The aim of enjoying human rights is a failure.Based on the legal aids for migrant workers,the paper discusses how to protect legal rights of migrant workers in criminal cases and make them enjoy fairness of laws,making laws play a true part in criminal cases and fulfill the aim of human rights protection.

  20. Hukou and Health Insurance Coverage for Migrant Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armin Müller

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Most migrant workers in mainland China are officially covered by the New Rural Cooperative Medical System (NRCMS, a rural health insurance system that operates in their home communities. The NRCMS and the system of household registration (户口, hukou are tightly linked and systemically interdependent institutions. Migrant workers have difficulties benefitting from this social protection because it remains spatially separated from them. Only a minority have access to urban health insurance systems. This paper sheds light on the institutional origins of the coverage problem of migrant workers and examines crucial policy initiatives that attempt to solve it. In the context of the ongoing hukou reforms, these policies aim to partially dissolve the systemic interdependence of hukou and health insurance. While the policies provide feasible, yet conflict-prone, solutions in short-distance and concentrated bilateral migration systems, covering migrants who cross provincial boundaries remains a challenge.

  1. Newcomer Status as a Protective Factor among Hispanic Migrant Workers for HIV Risk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Virginia McCoy

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The HIV rate among U.S. migrant workers is ten times that of the national rate. Due to the highly unstable lifestyle of migrant workers, which places them at heightened vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections (STIs; hence, there is a need to investigate the attitudes and sexual risk factors that may play a protective role in the transmission of HIV in this population. This study examines the association between attitudes and HIV risk behaviors among Hispanic male and female migrant workers (N=255 and their length of stay (shorter length of stay as a protective factor in Immokalee, Florida. Pearson’s correlation and regression analyses were utilized to analyze the relationship between HIV risk behaviors (intention to use condoms and alcohol use with length of stay in Immokalee. Longer length of stay positively correlated with number of drinks (p<0.05 and frequency of drinks (p<0.01 and negatively correlated with ethnic identity search (p<0.05. Regression analysis showed that length of stay predicted both behavioral intention to use condoms (p<0.05 and alcohol consumption (p<0.05. The findings suggest that migrant workers who are new to Immokalee may have a higher likelihood of practicing protective HIV risk behaviors and having more favorable attitudes toward risk reduction than long-timers. This study might provide important new evidence on the drivers of multiple concurrent and potential protective factors against risky sexual behaviors among Hispanic migrant workers.

  2. Sexual partners and condom use of migrant workers in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Kathleen; Chamrathrithirong, Aphichat

    2007-11-01

    The objectives of this paper were to identify the types of sexual partners and condom use of migrant workers. Data for the study were drawn from a survey of 3,426 migrant workers in southern coastal and northern areas of Thailand conducted in 2004. Among sexually active men, 25% reported visiting a sex worker, 57% reported a regular partner, and 6% reported another non-regular partner in the last year. Reported condom use was high with sex workers (79% reported always use), but low with regular partners (4% ever use). Factors related to visiting sex workers included marital status (more visits if not married), longer residence in Thailand, occupation of seafarer or seafood production worker, Cambodian origin, and perceived AIDS risk. Condom use with sex workers was higher for younger men, married men, men who had been in Thailand longer, men with lower perceived AIDS risk, and men who drank alcohol less frequently.

  3. Caring for migrant farm workers on medical-surgical units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, Maureen J

    2011-01-01

    Over 3 million migrant farm workers are employed in the United States. Many factors place them at risk for work-related disease and injury. Knowledge of workers' health issues can prepare medical-surgical nurses to anticipate and meet the needs of this underserved population.

  4. Are Hukou Point System Fair For Migrant Workers?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In early June,Guangdong in south China unveiled a points system for the millions of farmer-turned-workers in the province hoping to settle in cities and towns.A migrant worker will be qualified to apply for urban household registration once his or her points

  5. Marketization of Care and Gendered Cross-Border Migration from Indonesia to Malaysia: The Case of Indonesian Female Migrant Domestic Workers in/to Malaysia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Kimura (Kenji)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstractIntroduction For the last two decades, the rights of domestic workers have drawn attention from academia, policy makers, NGO workers and human rights activists. The International Labour Organization (ILO) (2011) estimates that there are currently 53 to 100 million domestic worker

  6. Spectral analysis of HIV seropositivity among migrant workers entering Kuwait

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hameed GHH

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is paucity of published data on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV seroprevalence among migrant workers entering Middle-East particularly Kuwait. We took advantage of the routine screening of migrants for HIV infection, upon arrival in Kuwait from the areas with high HIV prevalence, to 1 estimate the HIV seroprevalence among migrant workers entering Kuwait and to 2 ascertain if any significant time trend or changes had occurred in HIV seroprevalence among these migrants over the study period. Methods The monthly aggregates of daily number of migrant workers tested and number of HIV seropositive were used to generate the monthly series of proportions of HIV seropositive (per 100,000 migrants over a period of 120 months from January 1, 1997 to December 31, 2006. We carried out spectral analysis of these time series data on monthly proportions (per 100,000 of HIV seropositive migrants. Results Overall HIV seroprevalence (per 100,000 among the migrants was 21 (494/2328582 (95% CI: 19 -23, ranging from 11 (95% CI: 8 – 16 in 2003 to 31 (95% CI: 24 -41 in 1998. There was no discernable pattern in the year-specific proportions of HIV seropositive migrants up to 2003; in subsequent years there was a slight but consistent increase in the proportions of HIV seropositive migrants. However, the Mann-Kendall test showed non-significant (P = 0.741 trend in de-seasonalized data series of proportions of HIV seropositive migrants. The spectral density had a statistically significant (P = 0.03 peak located at a frequency (radians 2.4, which corresponds to a regular cycle of three-month duration in this study. Auto-correlation function did not show any significant seasonality (correlation coefficient at lag 12 = – 0.025, P = 0.575. Conclusion During the study period, overall a low HIV seroprevalence (0.021% was recorded. Towards the end of the study, a slight but non-significant upward trend in the proportions of HIV seropositive

  7. Migrant Agricultural Workers in America's Northeast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedland, William H.; Nelkin, Dorothy

    The study explores the migrant labor system as it operates in the northeastern United States. It is concerned with how the system affects life in migrant labor crews, the details of daily routine, and the problems and adjustments made by the people to the circumstances in which they live. The 3 themes of the book are: (1) the disorganized and…

  8. Informal labor and irregular migrant workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.J. van Meeteren (Masja)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractIrregular migrants, also referred to as “undocumented migrants” or “illegal migrants,” are immigrants who do not have legal permission to stay in the country they have migrated to and frequently take on informal and precarious employment. They may have entered the country legally – on a

  9. The Diaspora and Temporary Migrant Workers: Basic Concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Krstić

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper looks at the phenomenon of migrant workers who emigrated to Western European countries after World War II. The labor demands created by the economic reconstruction of these countries, most notably Great Britain, West Germany, France, Switzerland, the Benelux countries, Sweden and Austria, coupled with low birth rates and high death rates, made it necessary for them to hire immigrant workers. On the other hand, poor economic conditions, few employment opportunities and a yearning for a higher standard of living drove workers from Italy, Spain, Portugal, Turkey, Yugoslavia, Greece, Ireland, Finland and North Africa to seek work abroad. These temporary migrant workers represent a link between their countries of origin and their host countries, and, as a group of people maintaining links with their native countries, they can also be considered their countries’ diaspora. However, considering the temporary nature of their residence abroad, it is questionable whether they actually are a diaspora. It is for this reason that the paper juxtaposes the phenomena of the diaspora and temporary migrant workers in order to analyze the question of whether, when and how these workers become a diaspora. In particular, it focuses on migrant workers from Yugoslavia, usually referred to as “gastarbajteri” (gastarbeiter, who in the 1960s and 1970s migrated mostly to West Germany, Austria, Australia, France and Switzerland, and on their political treatment by the Yugoslav state.

  10. Occupational health problems among migrant and seasonal farm workers.

    OpenAIRE

    Mobed, K; Gold, E B; Schenker, M B

    1992-01-01

    Migrant and seasonal farm workers are one of the most underserved and understudied populations in the United States. The total US population of such farm workers has been estimated at 5 million, of whom about 20% live or work in California. Farm workers perform strenuous tasks and are exposed to a wide variety of occupational risks and hazards. Low socioeconomic status and poor access to health care also contribute to existing health problems in this population. Potential farm work-related he...

  11. Migrant Workers in Kazakhstan: Gender Differences in HIV Knowledge and Sexual Risk Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhussupov, Baurzhan; McNutt, Louise-Anne; Gilbert, Louisa; Terlikbayeva, Assel; El-Bassel, Nabila

    2015-07-01

    This study compares sexual risk behaviors among male and female migrant market vendors in Almaty, Kazakhstan. From the Barakholka Market, 209 male and 213 female market vendors were randomly recruited. Self-reported data were collected through standardized face-to-face interviews. Dry blood spot was used as specimen for syphilis testing. Propensity score stratification was used to estimate adjusted prevalence or rate ratios by gender. Compared to male migrant workers, females had lower HIV knowledge and were less likely to have multiple sexual partners. There was no evidence of a gender difference for prevalence of syphilis, condom use with unsteady partners, and safe sex communication between couples. Associations between mobility patterns and engagement in multiple sexual partnerships were stronger among women than men. Efforts should be made to mitigate the gender differential in HIV knowledge among migrants, especially women. Such efforts need to be implemented in both home and host countries.

  12. Marketization of Care and Gendered Cross-Border Migration from Indonesia to Malaysia: The Case of Indonesian Female Migrant Domestic Workers in/to Malaysia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Kimura (Kenji)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstractIntroduction For the last two decades, the rights of domestic workers have drawn attention from academia, policy makers, NGO workers and human rights activists. The International Labour Organization (ILO) (2011) estimates that there are currently 53 to 100 million domestic

  13. Asymptomatic malaria infections among foreign migrant workers in Thailand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kanyanan Kritsiriwuthinan; Warunee Ngrenngarmlert

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To determine the prevalence of malaria infections among foreign migrant workers in Thailand. Methods:Giemsa-stained thin and thick blood films were prepared from blood samples of294 foreign migrant workers recruited in the study. Microscopic examination of these blood films was performed for malaria detection.Results: Blood film examination revealed 1.36%malaria infections in these294 subjects. All positive cases were male Myanmar workers in which their blood films only ring stage ofPlasmodium spp. was found at low parasite density (mean=144parasites/μL of blood). The prevalence of malaria infections was not significantly different among foreign migrant workers classified by age, gender, and resident province (P>0.05). Thin blood films of these workers also showed78.91%hypochromic erythrocytes and 61.9%relative Eosinophilia.Conclusions:These findings indicate a high risk of malaria transmission. Therefore active malaria surveillance by using molecular methods with more sensitive and specific than microscopy should be considered for malaria control in foreign migrant workers.

  14. Migrant Workers' Lack of Cultural Rights and Interests and Government Safeguard Measures

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Qiang; Yin, Huan-ju; Wang, Xue-Yan

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses the status quo of migrant workers' lack of cultural rights and interests as follows: the holistic cultural life of migrant workers is scant and monotonous; the cultural facilities prodded by the majority of enterprises are critically short; the cultural life of migrant workers has the characteristic of closeness to some extent; the holistic cultural consuming capacity of migrant workers is very low, and they are not satisfied with their own cultural life. this paper puts f...

  15. Research on Issues concerning Social Security for Migrant Workers in Harmonious Society

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Hua

    2013-01-01

    This article analyzes the status quo of social security for migrant workers in China, and points out that there are deep system and concept reasons for the lack of labor rights and interests security, social security, equality and the right to development, political participation channels for the current migrant workers. This article then expounds the adverse effects of lack of social security for migrant workers on building a harmonious society: the lack of social security for migrant worker...

  16. Empirical Research on the Employability of Migrant Workers%农民工可雇佣性实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张炳明; 王晓田

    2015-01-01

    Migrant workers are the important human resources in our country, the labor quality of migrant workers determines its degree of their employability. This article divides the employability into two parts of interpersonal communication ability and skills competencies, of which the interpersonal can have a greater influence for migrant workers. The results show that discrepancy in age, educational level of migrant workers and the training chance provided by employers results in obvious differences in their employability. The educational level of migrant workers and the training chance provided by employers can enhance the employability of migrant workers; the employability of female migrant workers is inferior to men ’s. The government should strengthen the basic rural education, ensure the right to education and employment of female migrant workers.%农民工是我国重要的人力资源,农民工的劳动素质决定了自身的可雇佣程度。研究表明农民工可雇佣性可以分为人际交往能力和技能胜任能力,其中人际交往能力对农民工的可雇佣性影响更大。农民工可雇佣性在企业是否提供培训和学习机会、性别与受教育程度方面均存在显著差异。企业提供的培训学习机会及提高受教育程度能显著增强农民工可雇佣程度,女性农民工的可雇佣性要低于男性。政府应强化农村基础教育,保障女性农民工的受教育权和就业权。

  17. Trafficking and contract migrant workers in the Middle East.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jureidini, Ray

    2010-01-01

    The paper addresses a number of issues regarding the extent to which trafficking may be applied to migrant domestic workers who enter under the kafala system of sponsorship in the Middle East. Migrant domestic workers are the most numerous of those mentioned in reports on trafficking for labour exploitation in the region. The discussion seeks to determine whether "trafficking" can be ex post facto, rather than ex ante? In other words, can the label of trafficking be attributed only after the worker has arrived in the receiving country and is victimized according to the principles of trafficking protocols? In addition, must there be a proven intent to traffic by agents, or can employers who harm and/or exploit them be considered as traffickers alone? Should the harm done to workers on arrival at their place of work be classified (and assisted) as victims of trafficking, or as exploited workers?

  18. Lamb Buddha’s Migrant Workers: Self-Assertion on China’s Urban Fringe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Brian Griffiths

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysis of the everyday practices of individuality among the migrant workers with whom I worked at “Lamb Buddha”, a hotpot restaurant in Anshan City, Liaoning Province, during the summer of 2007. The majority of the data comes from four young men, meaning that the analysis complements extant studies of Chinese female migrant workers by allowing male-gendered inflections of discourse prominence. The paper examines the internal structure of “symbolic boundaries” drawn and managed in judgements, positioning statements, and so forth, attempting to regress the modalities by which these migrants assert themselves, thus showing how individuality arises from a discursive environment structured by relation to similar peers and distinctly different others.

  19. [Migrant workers. The critical aspects of integration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berra, Alessandro

    2011-01-01

    The integration of migrant poplulations with the indigeneous population is regulated by the Italian Decree, D.Lgs 9/7/2003 n. 215 in enforcement of the directive 2000/43/EC implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin. The Italian decree, D.Lgs 215/2003, at present in force, according to regulation stipulated as to the equal treatment of diverse cohabiting populations, explicitly forbids any form of discrimination whatsoever, be it direct or indirect. A first description of today's migrant panorama is offered by the Caritas Migrantes and the CNEL (Italian National Council of the Economy of Labour). The most critical aspects on the integration of migrants are described and discussed in the text.

  20. Blessings on the Food, Blessings on the Workers: Arts-Based Education for Migrant Worker Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barndt, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Migrant agricultural workers are not only on the margins of Canadian and global food systems; they are also on the margins of public consciousness about the labour behind the food we eat. Even local food movement groups who advocate for both social justice and sustainable food production have not made migrant labour a priority concern. Popular…

  1. HIV vulnerability and condom use among migrant women factory workers in Puebla, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kendall, Tamil; Pelcastre, Blanca Estela

    2010-06-01

    International migration is associated with increased HIV vulnerability, but little is known about the vulnerability of internal migrants. This qualitative study explored perceptions of HIV and condom use among Mexican migrant female factory workers. Migration and male sexual infidelity contributed to increased HIV vulnerability and unprotected sex was ubiquitous. The dominant cultural discourse that dichotomizes "good" (monogamous) and "bad" (sexually stigmatized) women, and male partner's resistance, were barriers to condom use. Women's positive attitudes toward the dual protection (pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections) offered by condoms and sexual agency expressed by refusing unwanted sexual contact are resources for HIV prevention.

  2. Are Hukou Point System Fair For Migrant Workers?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ In early June, Guangdong in south China unveiled a points system for the millions of farmer-turned-workers in the province hoping to settle in cities and towns. A migrant worker will be qualified to apply for urban household registration once his or her points accumulate to 60, said a document of the provincial government. At the same time, his or her spouse and minor children can also be registered.

  3. Health care utilisation amongst Shenzhen migrant workers: does being insured make a difference?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiang Hanping

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background As one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the Pearl River Delta of South China, Shenzhen attracts millions of migrant workers annually. The objectives of this study were to compare health needs, self-reported health and healthcare utilisation of insured and uninsured migrant workers in Shenzhen, China, where a new health insurance scheme targeting at migrant workers was initiated. Methods A cross-sectional survey using multi-staged sampling was conducted to collect data from migrant factory workers. Statistical tests included logistic regression analysis were used. Results Among 4634 subjects (96.54% who responded to the survey, 55.11% were uninsured. Disease patterns were similar irrespective of insurance status. The uninsured were more likely to be female, single, younger and less educated unskilled labourers with a lower monthly income compared with the insured. Out of 1136 who reported illness in the previous two weeks, 62.15% did not visit a doctor. Of the 296 who were referred for inpatient care, 48.65% did not attend because of inability to pay. Amongst those who reported sickness, 548 were insured and 588 were uninsured. Those that were insured, and had easier access to care were more likely to make doctor visits than those who were uninsured. Conclusion Health care utilisation patterns differ between insured and uninsured workers and insurance status appears to be a significant factor. The health insurance system is inequitably distributed amongst migrant workers. Younger less educated women who are paid less are more likely to be uninsured and therefore to pay out of pocket for their care. For greater equity this group need to be included in the insurance schemes as they develop.

  4. Economic Status and Social Attitudes of Migrant Workers in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Peilin Li; Wei Li

    2007-01-01

    Migrant workers, meaning those who used to be farmers but have left rural areas and found jobs in cities as a result of economic reform and rapid development in China, have made a significant contribution to the burgeoning labor market and played an important role in speeding up the transition from a planned to a market economy. This present paper considers the economic status and social attitudes of migrant workers. It is based on the analysis of a large-scale survey in 2006, which was conducted using questionnaires and covered 28 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions throughout the country. It was found that the income status of migrant workers depends heavily on the education and technical skills that they have developed, rather than on identity-based discrimination. Surprisingly,it was also found that those on less income and of lower economic and social status show more positive attitudes to society than those who are affluent and considered of higher social status. It is concluded that the decisive factor in attitude and behavior of migrant workers is historic rather than economic.

  5. The Education of the Children of Migrant Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eurydice News, 1987

    1987-01-01

    Discusses various ideas being used to help children of European migrant workers adjust to frequent moves, often to new countries. Includes (1) reception teaching, (2) teaching language and culture of the native country, (3) educational reintegration, (4) development and distribution of teaching materials, and (5) teacher training. (CH)

  6. Migrant Workers on Maryland's Eastern Shore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumacher, Yvonne; And Others

    Based on facts gathered in 1982-83 and prepared to inform the United States Commission on Civil Rights of the status of migrants in the State of Maryland, this report summarizes findings about housing, health and safety, access/communication/transportation, employment issues, and education. The summary of housing conditions notes that more than…

  7. Analysis of the status quo of the spiritual and cultural life of female migrant workers and its countermeasures---Based on an investigation on Anhui Province%女性农民工精神文化生活现状分析及改善对策--基于安徽省的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许鹤; 范小虎

    2014-01-01

    Taking the spiritual and cultural life of female migrant workers as the research subject and the female migrant workers in An-qing,Chizhou,Mount Huangshan in Southern Anhui,Fuyang,Bozhou,Huaibei in Northern Anhui and Hefei,Huainan,Bengbu in central Anhui as the research object,this paper investigated and analysed the basic characteristics of spiritual culture of migrant workers life of women through the sampling questionnaire and put forward countermeasures and suggestions concerning enriching the spiritual and cultural life.%以女性农民工精神文化生活为研究主题,选取皖南的安庆、池州、黄山,皖北的阜阳、亳州、淮北以及皖中的合肥、淮南、蚌埠等九个地区的外出务工女性农民工为研究对象,通过抽样问卷调查和分析,了解了女性农民工精神文化生活的基本特点,对于丰富其精神文化生活提出了相关对策和建议。

  8. Problemes linguistiques des enfants de travailleurs migrants (Linguistic Problems of the Children of Migrant Workers).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Greve, Marcel, Ed.; Rosseel, Eddy, Ed.

    Papers on language difficulties encountered by migrant workers' children include: "Anomie in Bicultural Education" (Hugo Baetens Beardsmore); "An Investigation into Bilingual Education for Children from Favoured Socio-Economic Backgrounds" (Hugo Baetens Beardsmore); "Orientations of Foreign Children Relating to Placement in Special Classes" (in…

  9. Pattern of skin diseases among migrant construction workers in Mangalore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuruvila Maria

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: With increasing industrialization, the construction industry provides employment to a large number of skilled and nonskilled workers, many of them migrant workers. Aim: This study was undertaken to provide epidemiological data regarding various dermatoses among migrant construction workers in India as currently there is a paucity of the same. Methods: One thousand construction workers, including 467 migrant laborers, were examined for various dermatoses. Results: Most (88% workers were males and 51.17% were in their third decade. Infective and noninfective dermatoses were seen in 89.72% and 53.74% of laborers respectively. Among infective dermatoses, fungal infections were the most common (46.25% ones, followed by bacterial infections (24.83%, scabies (8.56% and viral infections (6.42%. Contact dermatitis to cement was seen in 12.48% of the laborers. Masons had a significantly higher incidence of contact dermatitis to cement, viral infections and scabies than helpers. Conclusions: The pattern of dermatoses is an expression of poverty, overcrowding and the occupational hazards of the construction industry.

  10. 深圳市外来女工生殖健康知识、态度及行为调查%Konwledge,attitude and behavior about reproductive health among migrant female workers in Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付显华; 吴兰笛; 朱春燕; 周志衡; 王家骥

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the status of knowledge, attitude and behavior about reproductive health among the migrant female workers in Shenzhen city. Methods Stratified cluster random sampling was abopted to select subjects and a questionnaire survey was conducted to collect information with face-to-face interview. The data were processed with Epidata 3.02 and analyzed with SPSS 15. 0. Results All subjects (3 622) were lack of reproductive health knowledge with a low mean score of 16.93 ± 8.483. The results of multiple linear regression showed that the score was positively correlated with subjects' age,education level,and marriage status. Totally 648 respondents had sexual behavior and 151 subjects had induced abortion history. There were 304 subjects reporting condom use as contraceptive method,but only 276 respondents reported taking contraceptive method all times when having sex behavior. The needs for knowledge of reproductive health among the subjects were prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, harm of sexually transmitted diseases, and contraceptive method. Conclusion Migrant female workers have limited knowledge about reproductive health and various forms of health education on reproductive health should be implemented among them.%目的 了解广东省深圳市外来女工生殖健康知识、态度、行为和生殖健康服务需求.方法 采用随机分层整样抽样方法抽取3 622名外来女工进行现场问卷调查,所有资料经Epidata 3.02录入后用SPSS 15.0进行统计分析.结果 调查对象生殖健康知识缺乏,平均得分为(16.93±8.483)分;多元线性回归分析显示,年龄大、文化程度高、已婚的研究对象知识得分较高;648人有过性行为;151人有人工流产史;304人目前的避孕措施是安全套,但只有276人能够每次避孕;调查对象对生殖健康知识的需求依次为性病的预防方法、性病的危害知识、避孕节育知识等.结论 外来女工生殖健康知识严

  11. Lay Outreach Workers and the Ohio Migrant and Seasonal Farm Workers Health Education Needs Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, Olga L.

    The Migrant and Seasonal Farm Workers Project sought to determine the health education needs of this indigent population in Ohio using the help of lay outreach workers. A bilingual needs assessment survey was developed containing questions on demographics, place of permanent residence, points of travel after working in Ohio, and type of work and…

  12. The protection of migrant workers and international labour standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohning, W R

    1988-06-01

    International labor standards take the form of Conventions and Recommendations that embody the agreements reached by a 2/3 majority of the representatives of Governments, Employers, and Workers of International Labour Office (ILO) member states. Originally designed to guard against the danger that 1 country or other would keep down wages and working conditions to gain competitive advantage and thereby undermine advances elsewhere, international labor standards have also been inspired by humanitarian concerns--the visible plight of workers and the physical dangers of industrialization and by the notion of social justice, which embraces wellbeing and dignity, security, and equality as well as a measure of participation in economic and social matters. ILO standards apply to workers generally and therefore also to migrant workers, irrespective of the fact that the general standards are complemented by standards especially for migrant workers. The social security protection of migrant workers has been dealt with in ILO instruments primarily from the angle of equality of treatment but also from that of the maintenance of acquired rights and rights in course of acquisition, including the payment of benefits to entitled persons resident abroad. The ILO Conventions on migrant workers and the Recommendations which supplement them deal with practically all aspects of the work and life of non-nationals such as recruitment matters, information to be made available, contract conditions, medical examination and attention, customs, exemption for personal effects, assistance in settling into their new environment, vocational training, promotion at work, job security and alternative employment, liberty of movement, participation in the cultural life of the state as well as maintenance of their own culture, transfer of earnings and savings, family reunification and visits, appeal against unjustified termination of employment or expulsion, and return assistance. ILO's supervisory

  13. Problems of New Generation Migrant Workers from the Perspective of Social Discrimination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The correlation of migrant workers and other social problems are studied from the aspects of the concept of "migrant workers" and social discrimination,"new generation" and mobility of social class,and the gender structure of new generation migrant workers.The results show that the "worker" in the "migrant worker" comes from the "work for other people";although the "migrant worker" has the sense of discrimination,it really reflects the survival states of a certain social class;comparing with the first class migrant workers,the new generation migrant workers are the second generation of migrant workers,and their social position has not changed basically.The unfairness of social mobility is included among the "poor second generation","rich second generation" and "officer second generation",which may lead to the hardening of social class and the appear of opposite classes;the new generation migrant workers are subverting their fathers’ psychological recognition of "man dominates the outside and the woman dominates the inside" by the imbalanced sex structure,which is characterized by more women and less men.The social problems concerning new generation migrant workers caused by the sex discrepancy are directly related to the construction of the framework which comes up to the human moral and the stable improvement of the whole social ideological and cultural level.

  14. Influence of Social Support on Health-Related Quality of Life in New-Generation Migrant Workers in Eastern China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haiyan Xing

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF has generally been used for patients,few studies in migrants who move from rural to urban within one country. Many studies asserted that social isolation presents a risk to individual health. Poor social networks are associated with worse QOL. This study examined health-related quality of life (HRQOL and social support in new-generation migrant workers and compared it with urban workers.Methods: Nine hundred thirty new-generation migrant workers and 939 urban controls completed the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS by stratified sampling in 2011. Spearman’s correlation was performed to clarify the relationship between social support and HRQOL in migrants. Multiple linear regression analyses were used to identify the variables that were associated with HRQOL.Results: The general health, psychological health, and environmental scores of QOL in new-generation migrant workers were lower than in urban workers. New-generation migrants had poorer social support compared with urban controls with regard to general support, objective support, and support utilization. A positive correlation was found between social support and HRQOL. Workers with a higher level of education achieved better psychological, environmental, and general scores than workers with a primary education. Physical, social, environmental, and general health was also closely connected with the age factor. Physical health scores were higher in males than in females.Conclusion: These data suggest that new-generation migrant workers have significant impairment in HRQOL and receive less social support. HRQOL may be affected by social support, education, age, and gender.

  15. Theory, Demonstration and Methods Research on Social Security of Migrant Workers by Domestic Scholar

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Zhen; Wang, Weifang

    2011-01-01

    Social security of migrant workers has been significant in dissolving social contradictions and achieving the economic and social development in China during the transitional period. The researches of domestic scholar on social security of migrant workers can be classified into three categories. Firstly, theoretical analysis on social security of migrant workers, including researches on the appeal of social security and misunderstanding of recognition, theory-construction of rural worker soci...

  16. Coverage and utilization of the health insurance among migrant workers in Shanghai, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Da-hai; RAO Ke-qin; ZHANG Zhi-ruo

    2011-01-01

    Background According to the regulations of the Chinese and Shanghai governments, migrant workers employed in Shanghai should all be entitled to Shanghai Migrant Worker Hospitalization Insurance (SMWHI) without premium and the vast majority should also have the New Rural Cooperative Medical System (NRCMS). This study aimed to examine the status of the coverage and utilization of health insurance among migrant workers employed in Shanghai. Methods Quantitative and qualitative research methods were employed in the study. A survey of 1020 migrant workers employed in Shanghai was conducted in 2010 with a structured questionnaire. Focus group discussions were held with respondents who were unable to maintain health insurance coverage through NRCMS or SMWHI. In-depth interviews were held with village heads and employers of the migrant workers, migrant workers who were hospitalized within the last year, and various individuals employed by the insurance agencies. Results The study found that 72.9% and 36.5% of migrant workers were covered by NRCMS or SMWHI, respectively,while 16.7% of them had no health insurance. The coverage by NRCMS among migrant workers correlated significantly with education level and workplace, while the coverage by SMWHI correlated significantly with the length of employment in Shanghai and workplace. The qualitative results confirmed that migrant workers were the main group who were not covered by NRCMS, and the coverage by SMWHI was completely dependent upon the employers of the migrant worker.The results also showed that health insurance utilization among migrant workers was strongly limited by hospital location. Conclusions We observed that the status of health insurance among migrant workers was not accordant with theory,and that Chinese health insurance policy should be further reformed in order to realize full coverage and equal utilization of health insurance among migrant workers in China.

  17. Migrant farm workers' access to pesticide protection and information: Cultivando Buenos Habitos campaign development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parrott, R; Wilson, K; Buttram, C; Jones, K; Steiner, C

    1999-01-01

    Formative evaluation of south Georgian migrant farm workers' access to information and products to promote pesticide protection and understanding of cancer risk associated with pesticide exposure was conducted using field observation, in-depth interviews of Georgia's Migrant Health Program's outreach workers, and structured face-to-face surveys of migrant farm workers. The data indicated that fewer than one-third of the pesticide products reviewed contained messages about pesticide use and exposure risk for humans. Risk information on products appeared in English only. Few protective devices were available for purchase. Migrant farm workers were aware in a very general sense of health risks posed by pesticides, but they were specifically unaware of the reach of pesticides sprayed, as illustrated by their field behaviors. Findings also demonstrated the need to educate outreach workers about migrant farm workers' cancer risk, so that they may act as migrant farm workers' health advocates to reduce the adverse effects associated with pesticide exposure.

  18. Pregnancy outcomes in Southeast Asian migrant workers at Southern Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanprasertpong, T; Hanprasertpong, J

    2015-01-01

    This retrospective study was conducted to determine the pregnancy outcomes and identify predictive factors of adverse outcomes in pregnant migrant workers who delivered at Songklanagarind Hospital from January 2002 to December 2012. Two hundred and forty migrant worker pregnancies were enrolled. Pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, pre-term birth and foetal intrauterine growth restriction found were 15, 7.9, 13.7 and 3.7%, respectively. No stillbirth was found. Apgar score was

  19. Migrant care workers or migrants working in long-term care? A review of Australian experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, Anna L

    2009-01-01

    Discussion of the role of migrant care workers in long-term care (LTC) that has gained increasing attention in the United States and other developed countries in recent years is of particular relevance to Australia, where 24% of the total population is overseas-born, two-thirds of them coming from countries where English is not the primary language. Issues of interest arise regarding meeting LTC workforce demands in general and responding to the particular cultural and linguistic needs of postwar immigrants who are now reaching old age in increasing numbers. This review begins with an account of the overseas-born components of the aged care workforce and then examines this representation with reference to the four factors identified as shaping international flows of care workers in the comparative study carried out for the AARP Public Policy Institute in 2005: migration policies, LTC financing arrangements, worker recruitment and training, and credentialing. The ways in which these factors play out in Australia mean that while overseas-born workers are overrepresented in the LTC workforce, migrant care workers are not identifiable as a marginalized group experiencing disadvantage in employment conditions, nor do they offer a solution to workforce shortages. The Australian experience is different from those of other countries in many respects, but it does show that the experience of migrant care workers is not unique to LTC and points to the need to extend the search for solutions to workforce shortages and improving conditions of all care workers well beyond LTC systems to wider policy settings.

  20. Migrant workers and labor market segmentation in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, H

    1994-01-01

    The amended Immigration Control Act of 1990 focused on 1) redefinition of the resident status of foreign nationals, 2) clarification of immigration regulations, and 3) countermeasures to cope with the problem of illegal migrant workers. Tough penalties were introduced for illegal employment. The reform paved the way for third generation Nikkei (foreigners of Japanese ancestry) and also opened the door to non-Nikkei married to second generation Nikkei to reside in the country. The migration of Nikkei workers to Japan dates back to the beginning of the 1980s. The Technical Intern Training Program introduced in 1993 also opened a legal channel for the employment of unskilled or semi-skilled foreigners. The categories of foreign workers were heavily concentrated in the automobile and electric appliances industries, mostly as assembly line workers. Foreign students and clandestine workers had a wider dispersion in the labor force than the Nikkei. Students often find work in the urban service sector while attending school. Clandestine male workers predominate in the construction industry as unskilled workers. According to the size of firms, small firms had had the most acute labor shortages in the past 15 years prior to 1994, especially in the late 1980s. The Immigration Law of 1990 brought major changes in the hiring practices of large firms that began hiring legal workers such as the Nikkei, while small firms continued hiring clandestine workers from Asian countries. Foreign workers also earned almost as much as native part-time workers and sometimes even outstripped native seasonal workers. In terms of wages, Nikkei South Americans were on the top followed by Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Sri Lankans, Nepalese, Ghanians, and Iranians on the bottom. Unskilled foreign workers generally had a high turnover rate with the Nikkei showing the lowest rate. Only 7% of the Nikkei changed jobs more than four times vs. 16-17% of foreign students and 21% of clandestine workers.

  1. Study on Consumption Level and Consumption Structure of Migrant Workers in Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XING Hai-yan; YU Wei; CHEN San-mei

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of stratified sampling, we conduct a survey of 1313 migrant workers, to analyze various factors influencing migrant workers’ consumption level and the difference in consumption structure between two generations of migrant workers, using the multivariate logistic regression and correspondence analysis method. The results show that two generations of migrant workers’ consumption level is the same, and the main factors influencing migrant workers’ consumption are income, educational level and occupation; the new generation of migrant workers’ consumer attitudes and consumption pattern are transformed significantly, being gradually integrated into the urban consumer market, and the consumption structure is steered to a reasonable direction.

  2. Exploring cigarette use among male migrant workers in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Olanrewaju Olusola Onigbogi; David Karatu; Sarafa Sanusi; Rebekah Pratt; Kolawole Okuyemi

    2015-01-01

    Background There is limited knowledge about the use of cigarettes by blacks outside the United States (U.S). Nigeria creates an opportunity to explore smoking behaviours, smoking cessation (nicotine dependence) and use of cigarettes in a country that has a large black population outside the U.S. Methods We conducted three Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) involving twenty-four male migrant workers who reported that they were current cigarette smokers. Interviews were audio-tape...

  3. The epidemiology of tuberculosis among North Carolina migrant farm workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciesielski, S D; Seed, J R; Esposito, D H; Hunter, N

    1991-04-03

    Although tuberculosis (TB) has been recognized as a significant health problem of migrant farm workers, the nature and extent of the problem have been poorly defined. We report the first population-based study of TB in a random sample of farm workers (n = 543) and the first use of recall antigens in an epidemiologic study of TB. Purified protein derivative positivity ranged from 33% in Hispanics to 54% in US-born blacks and 76% in Haitians. Active tubercular disease occurred in 3.6% of US-born blacks and 0.47% of Hispanics. Among US-born blacks, risk factors associated with farm work were most significant. Blacks born in the United States also had the highest prevalence of anergy. The use of recall antigens made possible a better description of the epidemiology of TB by excluding false negatives and clarifying associations between infection and risk factors. We conclude that TB among farm workers represents a serious public health problem with previously unrecognized risk factors. Additional resources for migrant health care, improvements in health care access, and fundamental changes in the system of migrant labor are all necessary to reduce the transmission of TB.

  4. A comparison of blood lead levels between migrant and native lead workers before and after implementation of a new employment permit system for migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Nam-Soo; Lee, Byung-Kook

    2011-01-01

    We compared the blood lead and other lead biomarkers between migrant and native workers with a focus on the impact of the legal employment permit system that was effective from 2003, which required employers to provide mandatory annual health examinations for migrant workers on lead biomarkers in 1997 and 2005. The mean blood lead level of migrant workers was 59.5 ± 19.4 μg/dl, yielding 47% of lead poisoning cases, which was significantly higher than that of native workers (36.8 ± 14.5 μg/dl; 11% of lead poisoning cases) in 1997 before enactment of the act. The overall mean blood ZPP levels and ALAU of migrant workers were significantly higher than those of native workers. In 2005, after new migrant worker regulations were instituted, the mean value of above lead biomarkers workers was still significantly higher than that of native workers, but the magnitude of the differences was smaller compared with the difference in 1997. We confirmed that the 2003 regulations played an important role in improving the health of migrant workers in the lead industry in terms of their blood lead levels and other lead biomarkers.

  5. Connotation and Characteristics of Employment Ability of New-generation Migrant Workers in China

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Jun-wei; Cao, Yong-feng

    2012-01-01

    Based on China's special conditions and characteristics of specific group of new-generation migrant workers, this article researches connotation of employment ability of new-generation migrant workers in China, that is, the connotation of employment ability of new-generation migrant workers in China should include four aspects: professional knowledge and skills, learning capacity, adaptability and environmental force. On this basis, through the analysis of indicators concerning connotation of...

  6. Applying a typology of health worker migration to non-EU migrant doctors in Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    Humphries, Niamh; McAleese, Sara; Tyrrell, Ella; Thomas, Steve; Normand, Charles; Brugha, Ruairi

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Background: Research on health worker migration in the Irish context has categorized migrant health workers by country or region of training (for example, non-EU nurses or doctors) or recruitment mechanism (for example, actively recruited nurses). This paper applies a new typology of health worker migrants – livelihood, career-oriented, backpacker, commuter, undocumented and returner migrants (European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies and WHO, vol. 2:129-152, 2014) – to the...

  7. Cancer in migrant and seasonal hired farm workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Paul K; Dodge, Jennifer; Yang, Richard

    2009-01-01

    Studies of cancer among farm workers are difficult to conduct and interpret given the unique nature of this occupational group. The transitory nature of the work, high levels of poverty, and lack of legal documentation make epidemiologic studies difficult to accomplish. Nevertheless, this workforce in the United States, which numbers as much as 3 million persons, is a high risk population due to exposures to numerous toxic substances, including excessive sunlight, heat, dangerous machinery, fumes, fertilizers, dust, and pesticides. We summarize characteristics of farm workers (i.e., demographics, health care) from the National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS) and the California Agricultural Workers Survey (CAWS) and present findings from a series of studies conducted among farm workers in California. The epidemiology literature was reviewed and methods for a unique farm worker union-based epidemiologic study are presented. Farm workers in California and the rest of the United States, many of whom are seasonal and migrant workers are at elevated risk for numerous forms of cancer compared to the general population and specific pesticides may be associated with this altered risk. Elevated risks have been found for lymphomas and prostate, brain, leukemia, cervix, and stomach cancers.

  8. Invisible Workers of the World as an Autonomous Space of Migrant Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Vinčić

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The case of migrant workers in Slovenia is the basis for this article which deals with the question of exclusivity and the hierarchical nature of citizenship. Migrant workers are not seen as passive objects, but as entities that challenge the existing definition of citizenship and demand the expansion of civil rights. Labour migration in Slovenia is defined on the basis of strategic documents governing the so-called secondary labor market, at the same time creating what Etienne Balibar calls real European racism. This has galvanized migrant workers in Slovenia to organize in a movement called Invisible Workers of the World (IWW, which can be seen as a revolt against the current visa regime. With their struggle to expand freedoms and destabilize restrictive migration policies, migrant workers have become an important part of social reality. This article also deals with both the permanent and temporary tools and the methodologies being used by activists of the movement to organize their struggle. The IWW movement itself has become an important autonomous entity whose activity cannot be ignored.

  9. Health and safety concerns os migrant workers: the experience of tunisian workers in modena, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faïçal Daly

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the relatively under-researched field of healthand safety of migrant workers, with special reference to Tunisian construction workers in the city of Modena in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna. The empirical material comes from questionnaires and interviews with Tunisian migrants, plus smaller numbers of interviews with employers and trade union representatives in Modena. The paper starts by critically reviewing the scattered literature onthe health and safety of minority workers, most of which refers to the United States and the United Kingdom. The discussion then moves to a consideration of migrant health and safety questions in the contexts of racism, discrimination, social class, working conditions, labour market segmentation and (non- regulation. Specialattention is given to the failed role of trade unions in defending the rights of minority workers, in advanced countries generally and in Italy in particular. A case study is then made of the construction sector in Italy, enriched by personal accounts of the experiences of Tunisian migrant workers in Modena. Employer and tradeunion interviews reveal a lack of concern and ability to tackle the relevant issues. Barriers to health and safety awareness training are outlined. In the conclusion, recommendations are made for policy initiatives in this area.

  10. The Impact of Job Mobility on Earnings Growth of Migrant Workers in Urban China

    OpenAIRE

    Qian Huang

    2011-01-01

    Using survey data on migrant workers in urban China, this paper carries out a positive study on the impact of inner-industrial and inter-industrial job shifts on earnings growth of migrant workers. Results show that low human capital, low employment grades and low income are the most important reasons for migrant workers to switch jobs. The migrant workers who are young, unmarried new entrants with low level of education, no training and low income tend to change their jobs within the industr...

  11. The Difficulties and Countermeasures of Migrant Workers Returning Home to Start Business of Shaanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The paper discloses the current situation of migrant workers returning home to start business by making a survey of the total number of returning migrant workers. The paper also points out the main difficulties the migrant workers who returning home to start business facing. The first is the old fashioned and backward concepts of development in some local departments; the second is lacking of powerful supports of policies; the third is the still bad environment to start business; the fourth is the lower qualities of people who are going to start business. Based on these situations, the official policies are put forward to encourage and support migrant workers to return home to start business. Such as strategies activating migrant workers to return home to start business should be positively operated; the management services should be further standardized and the environment should be perfected for starting business; the programs and items to start business by migrant workers returning home should be guided and favored; beneficial tax policies should be improved further; financial services should be further perfected; the land using problems of migrant workers should be firstly solved; the demonstration project of migrant workers returning back to start business should be continuously carried on; the organizing and leading jobs for starting business of migrant workers should be further strengthened.

  12. Case studies of violations of workers' freedom of association: migrant agricultural workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    As part of its report "Unfair Advantage: Workers' Freedom of Association in the United States under International Human Rights Standards," Human Rights Watch conducted a series of case studies in a dozen states, covering a variety of industries and employment sectors, analyzing the U.S. experience in the light of both national law and international human rights and labor rights norms. Presented here are the case studies of migrant agricultural workers.

  13. Medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario: a descriptive analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orkin, Aaron M; Lay, Morgan; McLaughlin, Janet; Schwandt, Michael; Cole, Donald

    2014-07-01

    Approximately 40 000 migrant farm workers are employed annually in Canada through temporary foreign worker programs. Workers experiencing health conditions that prevent ongoing work are normally repatriated to their home country, which raises concerns about human rights and health equity. In this study, we present data on the reasons for medical repatriation of migrant farm workers in Ontario. In this retrospective descriptive study, we examined medical repatriation data from Foreign Agricultural Resource Management Services, a non-profit corporation managing the contracts of more than 15 000 migrant farm workers in Ontario annually. We extracted repatriation and demographic data for workers from 2001-2011. Physician volunteers used a validated system to code the reported reasons for medical repatriation. We conducted descriptive analyses of the dominant reasons for repatriation and rates of repatriation. During 2001-2011, 787 repatriations occurred among 170 315 migrant farm workers arriving in Ontario (4.62 repatriations per 1000 workers). More than two-thirds of repatriated workers were aged 30-49 years. Migrant farm workers were most frequently repatriated for medical or surgical reasons (41.3%) and external injuries including poisoning (25.5%). This study provides quantitative health data related to a unique and vulnerable occupational group. Our findings reinforce existing knowledge regarding occupational hazards and health conditions among migrant farm workers. Medical repatriation of migrant farm workers merits further examination as a global health equity concern.

  14. Meeting the Unique Needs of the Children of Migrant Farm Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanowski, Michael H.

    2003-01-01

    The migrant population is the most undereducated major subgroup in the United States. The high school dropout rate of the children of migrant farm workers is 43 percent, higher than any other group in the United States. It is estimated that over 70 percent of migrants have not completed high school, and 75 percent are functionally illiterate.…

  15. Factors associated with health-seeking behavior among migrant workers in Beijing, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hu Hongpu

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Migrant workers are a unique phenomenon in the process of China's economic transformation. The household registration system classifies them as temporary residents in cities, putting them in a vulnerable state with an unfair share of urban infrastructure and social public welfare. The amount of pressure inflicted by migrant workers in Beijing, as one of the major migration destinations, is currently at a threshold. This study was designed to assess the factors associated with health-seeking behavior and to explore feasible solutions to the obstacles migrant workers in China faced with when accessing health-care. Methods A sample of 2,478 migrant workers in Beijing was chosen by the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method. A structured questionnaire survey was conducted via face-to-face interviews between investigators and subjects. The multilevel methodology (MLM was used to demonstrate the independent effects of the explanatory variables on health seeking behavior in migrant workers. Results The medical visitation rate of migrant workers within the past two weeks was 4.8%, which only accounted for 36.4% of those who were ill. Nearly one-third of the migrant workers chose self-medication (33.3% or no measures (30.3% while ill within the past two weeks. 19.7% of the sick migrants who should have been hospitalized failed to receive medical treatment within the past year. According to self-reported reasons, the high cost of health service was a significant obstacle to health-care access for 40.5% of the migrant workers who became sick. However, 94.0% of the migrant workers didn't have any insurance coverage in Beijing. The multilevel model analysis indicates that health-seeking behavior among migrants is significantly associated with their insurance coverage. Meanwhile, such factors as household monthly income per capita and working hours per day also affect the medical visitation rate of the migrant workers in Beijing

  16. Abused and Alone: Legal Redress for Migrant Domestic Workers in Malaysia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jennifer Whelan; Rohaida Nordin; Ma Khaltum Ishak; Nursyuhada Matwi; Siti Nurimani Zahari; Nicole Mekler; Amritha Thiyagarajan

    2016-01-01

    Since independence, Malaysia’s rapid economic development has relied on Malaysian workers moving from rural-to-rural and rural-to-urban areas as well as on migrant workers, especially from ASEAN countries such as Indonesia...

  17. New York occupational health expert to discuss migrant worker health threats

    OpenAIRE

    Douglas, Jeffrey S.

    2009-01-01

    Migrant farm workers play a critical role in the nation's agricultural economy, particularly in the southeast. Yet these workers face a cornucopia of hazards, ranging from chemical toxins to dangerous farm equipment, as they toil in the fields.

  18. Family services for migrant and seasonal farm workers: the Redlands Christian Migrant Association (RCMA) model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebman, Amy K; Mainster, Barbara; Lee, Barbara C

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural employers and work supervisors strive to keep children out of worksites, but oftentimes migrating farm worker parents lack accessible or affordable options for childcare in a trusted environment. Thus, children may not have a safe, appropriate place to be while their parents are conducting agricultural work. Redlands Christian Migrant Association (RCMA) of Florida is a community development organization that creates and fosters opportunities for the children of migrant and other low-income rural families. To better understand the RCMA system, an in-depth assessment of its program was undertaken to identify both its standard and unique features. Results revealed many attributes contributing to RCMA's success. Based upon RCMA's 48-year track record, employers, agribusinesses, and communities are encouraged to adopt strategies to meet local and regional childcare needs where parents are working in agriculture.

  19. Addressing the needs of Nepalese migrant workers in Nepal and in Delhi, India

    OpenAIRE

    Thieme, S; Bhattrai, R; Gurung, G; M. Kollmair; S Manandhar; U. Müller-Böker

    2005-01-01

    International labor migration is an increasingly important livelihood strategy in Nepal. There is little documentation of the movements of migrant workers or of their remittances. It is estimated that Nepalese migrants send remittances equivalent to about one quarter of Nepal’s gross national product. Migrants and their families lack information about safe migration procedures, host countries, their rights as migrants, and awareness about HIV/AIDS. The present article examines two projects th...

  20. General report on the status of Chinese rural migrant workers and their development trends

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩俊; 崔传义; 金三林

    2009-01-01

    This paper reviews the development of the rural migrant worker issue in China since reform and opening-up began. Firstly,utilizing substantial investigation,the authors analyze the new characteristics of Chinese rural migrant workers;Secondly,authors analyze the migrant workers’ contributions to reshaping the rural landscape and to driving China’s economic development and social structural change;Finally,using a quantitative analysis model,they examine the long-term trends of rural migrant workers and their interactions with macroeconomic and social development.

  1. Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction for Detection of Gastrointestinal Pathogens in Migrant Workers in Qatar

    OpenAIRE

    Humphrey, John M.; Ranbhise, Sanjay; Ibrahim, Emad; Al-Romaihi, Hamad E.; Farag, Elmoubasher; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Marshall J Glesby

    2016-01-01

    The causes of infectious diarrhea among the migrant worker population in Qatar are not well understood. We conducted a prospective observational study to understand the demographic and clinical characteristics and infectious causes of diarrhea among migrant workers in Doha, Qatar. A total of 126 male workers presenting to the Qatar Red Crescent Worker's Health Center outpatient clinic or emergency department were studied over a 5-month period in 2015–2016. Epidemiologic surveys were administe...

  2. Non-EU migrant doctors in Ireland: applying a typology of health worker migration

    OpenAIRE

    Humphries, Niamh; McAleese, Sara; Tyrrell, Ella; Thomas, Steve; Normand, Charles; Brugha, Ruairi

    2014-01-01

    Research on health worker migration in the Irish context has previously sought to categorize migrant health workers by country or region of training (e.g. non-EU nurses or doctors), by migration channel or mechanism (e.g. actively recruited nurses). This paper applies a recently developed typology of health worker migration, to the experiences of non-EU migrant doctors in Ireland and considers the value of a typology of health worker migration to human resource management internationally.

  3. The Government and Migrant Workers in Transfer of Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Hui Zhang

    2014-01-01

    The industry transfer from east region to west region of China has become an inevitable trend of economic development, it need massive agricultural population change to non-agricultural population in China. Based on the redefinition of the citizenization of migrant workers, this article points out that ¡°absence of government¡± is the reason which leads to a series of relative problems. In order to solve these problems, it needs the government to take measures from the ¡°thought¡± and ¡°actio...

  4. Social Physics and the Flow of Migrant Peasant Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Li; Yun-Lin, Wang

    Social physics is an old and new discipline. In the seventeenth century, when physics as we know it was gradually taking shape, natural philosophers were attempting to apply the concepts and methods of statistical physics to society as a whole. The social physics is the use of natural way of thinking, the basic principles of universal rules, systems and methods of calculation means the social, economic and other complex issues of qualitative and quantitative analysis of complex subjects. In the direction of natural and social sciences Cross-full, it could be easy to understand the flow of migrant peasant workers preference choice of this complex issue.

  5. Oropharyngeal rhinosporidiosis in a migrant worker--a delayed presentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shailendra, S; Prepageran, N

    2008-03-01

    Rhinosporidiosis is a chronic granulomatous disease caused by an aquatic protistan parasite in the class of Mesomycetozoea, that is endemic in India and the subcontinent. This is a case report of a rhinosporidiosis presenting in an individual from Myanmar, whom had been working in Malaysia for the past four years. The disease is characterized by the appearance of polypoidal, friable growths that contain numerous spore filled cysts that stain with PAS staining. This disease is rarely seen in Malaysians due to the extensive urbanization in Kuala Lumpur, however the increasing numbers of migrant workers in Malaysia today necessitates an increasing awareness in clinicians of the possibility of these conditions.

  6. Abuse and trafficking among female migrants and refugees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kastrup, Marianne Carisius

    2013-01-01

    The chapter provides a brief overview of the size of the female refugee and migrant population and describes the various reasons lying behind the decisions to leave the country of origin in relation to gender. The premigratory factors that may contribute to mental and physical health problems...... are discussed as well as postmigratory factors that further add to psychological and physical distress and contribute to social problems. The vast – and increasing – public health problem of physical and mental abuse of refugee and migrant women and in particular the problem of trafficking are analyzed...

  7. Acculturative Stress of Chinese Rural-To-Urban Migrant Workers: A Qualitative Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bao-Liang Zhong

    Full Text Available Global literature has suggested a negative impact of acculturative stress on both physical and mental health among international migrants. In China, approximately 20 percent of its population is rural-to-urban migrant workers and there are significant cultural differences between rural and urban societies, but no data are available regarding the acculturative stress of Chinese migrant workers. This study aimed to explore the forms and contexts of acculturative stress among Chinese migrant workers.Qualitative data were collected from four focus group discussions with 17 Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers and three individual interviews with three medical professionals who provided mental health services for factory-workers in Shenzhen, China.The data in the current study showed that rural-to-urban migrant workers in China had experienced various forms of acculturative stress including difficulties in adapting to the environment, work-related stress, family-related stress, financial hardship, and lack of sense of belonging to cities.Rural-to-urban migration in China is a challenging transition with significant acculturative stress and demands for major adjustments among migrant workers. The assessment and management of acculturative stress is a necessary first step in providing mental health services to migrant workers.

  8. Clearing a Hurried Path: Study on Education Programs for Migrant Workers in Six Asian Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalba, Noel C.

    Against the backdrop of the Asian economic crisis, this study examined the range of education programs for migrant workers in six Asian countries. Surveys were returned from 145 migrant worker support organizations in three host countries--Hong Kong, South Korea, and Japan--and three sending countries--the Philippines, Indonesia, and India. The…

  9. Language, Work, and Learning: Exploring the Urban Experience of Ethnic Migrant Workers in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Shibao; Zhang, Jijiao

    2010-01-01

    This study, involving a questionnaire and personal interviews with participants from more than 10 ethnic minority groups, explores the work and learning experiences of ethnic migrant workers in China's Beijing and Shenzhen. The study reveals that China's ethnic migrant workers face multifaceted barriers in their adaptation to urban life. They…

  10. Acculturative Stress of Chinese Rural-To-Urban Migrant Workers: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Bao-Liang; Liu, Tie-Bang; Huang, Jian-Xing; Fung, Helene H.; Chan, Sandra S. M.; Conwell, Yeates; Chiu, Helen F. K.

    2016-01-01

    Background Global literature has suggested a negative impact of acculturative stress on both physical and mental health among international migrants. In China, approximately 20 percent of its population is rural-to-urban migrant workers and there are significant cultural differences between rural and urban societies, but no data are available regarding the acculturative stress of Chinese migrant workers. This study aimed to explore the forms and contexts of acculturative stress among Chinese migrant workers. Methods Qualitative data were collected from four focus group discussions with 17 Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers and three individual interviews with three medical professionals who provided mental health services for factory-workers in Shenzhen, China. Results The data in the current study showed that rural-to-urban migrant workers in China had experienced various forms of acculturative stress including difficulties in adapting to the environment, work-related stress, family-related stress, financial hardship, and lack of sense of belonging to cities. Conclusion Rural-to-urban migration in China is a challenging transition with significant acculturative stress and demands for major adjustments among migrant workers. The assessment and management of acculturative stress is a necessary first step in providing mental health services to migrant workers. PMID:27300005

  11. Note from the editor: [the lives and work of migrant workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cremers, J.

    2014-01-01

    In his From the editor, Jan Cremers (AIAS) writes: ‘Evidence gathered by several European studies confirms the segregation of migrant workers into certain occupations and activity sectors that feature the worst working conditions in terms of wages and working hours. Migrant workers often work long h

  12. Systematic Barriers to Schooling of Migrant Workers' Children and Policy Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhichao

    2009-01-01

    A population of migrant workers have appearing during the process of China's urbanization, and is an important part of the society that cannot be ignored. In the process of integration into cities, the equal development between the rights and obligations of migrant workers is gaining attention. Especially, the issue of schooling of their children…

  13. A season in the life of a migrant farm worker in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palerm, J V

    1992-09-01

    There is an erroneous but widespread belief that in the past few decades California agriculture has become increasingly mechanized and reduced its need for migrant labor. Steeply increasing demand, however, for specialty fruit and vegetable crops, which are labor-intensive, has actually increased the need for migrant workers, who come mainly from Mexico. A case study of a young migrant describes the dismal work, economic, and living conditions such workers typically endure and the possible health consequences of those conditions.

  14. A season in the life of a migrant farm worker in California.

    OpenAIRE

    Palerm, J V

    1992-01-01

    There is an erroneous but widespread belief that in the past few decades California agriculture has become increasingly mechanized and reduced its need for migrant labor. Steeply increasing demand, however, for specialty fruit and vegetable crops, which are labor-intensive, has actually increased the need for migrant workers, who come mainly from Mexico. A case study of a young migrant describes the dismal work, economic, and living conditions such workers typically endure and the possible he...

  15. Analysis on Vocational Education and Social Mobility of New Generation Migrant Workers:A Case Study of Shijiazhuang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongyan; LIU

    2013-01-01

    Based on survey data of current situations of new generation migrant workers vocational education and its influence on social mobility in Shijiazhuang City, the author believes that there are many drawbacks in vocational education of new generation migrant workers, including low participationt and varied training environment of enterprises. In addition, the influence of vocational education of migrant workers on social mobility is not very satisfactory. Finally, it presents countermeasures for improving vocational education, to promote social mobility of new generation migrant workers.

  16. Effect of the Mental Health Care Mode of Female Migrant Workers Based on Community Health Care for Women%以社区妇女保健为基础的外来女劳务工心理保健模式的效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王素平; 胡娅勤; 黄梅库

    2013-01-01

    目的 分析以社区妇女保健为基础的外来女劳务工心理保健模式的效果,为社区心理卫生工作提供参考.方法 对干预社区实施以社区妇女保健为基础的外来女劳务工心理保健模式,对照社区实施传统的社区心理保健模式;干预一年后,对不同模式的效果进行分析. 结果 干预后,干预社区的外来女性劳务工主观心理异常率为18.4%、SCL-90的总得分为(137.89±34.33)分,均显著低于对照社区的21.4%及(148.83±39.48)分,也低于干预社区干预前的23.7%及(162.41±43.15)分;主动采取心理保健措施率为56.3%,则显著高于对照社区的47.0%,也高于干预社区干预前的43.7%. 结论 以社区妇女保健为基础的外来女劳务工心理保健模式比传统的社区心理保健模式具有良好的效果.%Objective To analyze the effect of the mental health care mode of female migrant workers based on community health care for women, so as to provide reference for community mental health care. Methods The mental health care mode of female migrant workers based on community health care for women was used in the intervention communities, and the common mode of community mental health care was used in the control communities. The effects of the two modes were compared after one year. Results After one year of intervention, the proportion of female migrant workers who thought themselves were psychologically abnormal in the intervention communities (18. 4%) and their total score of SCL - 90 (137. 89 ± 34. 33) were both significantly lower than those of the control communities (21. 4% , 148. 83 ± 39. 48) and those in the intervention communities one year ago (23.7% , 162.41±43.15). The proportion of female migrant workers who took measures to promote their mental health on their own initiative in the intervention communities was higher than that of those in the control communities and in the intervention communities one year ago

  17. Presence and awareness of infectious disease among Chinese migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strand, Mark; Xiaobing, Wang; Xiaoqin, Duan; Lee, Kristin; Wang, Alex; Yanqing, Li; Jinxi, Ni; Guangming, Cheng

    This cross-sectional study set out to identify the health status and health beliefs and behaviors with regard to TB and HIV-AIDS among 407 rural male migrant workers in China. Surveyed workers' awareness level for AIDS transmission was 67.7% and for TB transmission 56.8%. These workers had high rates of acute illness in the previous month (depression 18.3%, physical injury 16.3%, dermatological ailment 9.6%, respiratory infection 9.4%). One or more of the four symptoms of TB were found in 22.3% of the workers. Prevalent TB symptoms were associated with previously having had TB (chi-square = 69.98, p = .000) and having previously lived with a TB patient (F = 13.99, p = .000). The relative risk for having had TB if the worker had lived with someone with TB was 5.69 (chi-square 7.65, p = .006). Screening for TB symptoms, a history of having lived with someone with TB, or having previously had TB, has the potential to serve as a cost-effective and easy first-line TB screening among large mobile populations.

  18. Pilot project in developing community rehabilitation service for migrant workers suffering from pneumoconiosis in Mainland China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo, H Y L K; Luo, X Y; Lau, C M J; Wong, K Y L

    2008-01-01

    Pneumoconiosis is one of the major occupational health problems in China and increasing numbers of migrant workers suffered from this occupational disease after working in a dusty environment for few years. These migrant workers panicked after being diagnosed as suffering from pneumoconiosis and facing physiological disturbances including progressive dyspnea, respiratory failure or complications like silico-tuberculosis after their return to their rural village. This article reviews the preliminary results of a community rehabilitation pilot project conducted in a rural village in Guizhou, one of the provinces in southwest China. It shares the joint effort of professionals from Guangdong Province and Hong Kong SAR on supporting the migrant workers to manage and cope with this occupational disease. Finally, strategies including early intervention were suggested to help migrant workers to manage the disease. Most importantly, occupational health promotion and prevention were urged as the measures of utmost importance in reducing the risk for migrant workers suffering from pneumoconiosis.

  19. Seasonality in pulmonary tuberculosis among migrant workers entering Kuwait

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hameed GHH

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is paucity of data on seasonal variation in pulmonary tuberculosis (TB in developing countries contrary to recognized seasonality in the TB notification in western societies. This study examined the seasonal pattern in TB diagnosis among migrant workers from developing countries entering Kuwait. Methods Monthly aggregates of TB diagnosis results for consecutive migrants tested between January I, 1997 and December 31, 2006 were analyzed. We assessed the amplitude (α of the sinusoidal oscillation and the time at which maximum (θ° TB cases were detected using Edwards' test. The adequacy of the hypothesized sinusoidal curve was assessed by χ2 goodness-of-fit test. Results During the 10 year study period, the proportion (per 100,000 of pulmonary TB cases among the migrants was 198 (4608/2328582, (95% confidence interval: 192 – 204. The adjusted mean monthly number of pulmonary TB cases was 384. Based on the observed seasonal pattern in the data, the maximum number of TB cases was expected during the last week of April (θ° = 112°; P α = 0.204 ± 0.04 of simple harmonic curve showed 20.4% difference from the mean to maximum TB cases. The peak to low ratio of adjusted number of TB cases was 1.51 (95% CI: 1.39 – 1.65. The χ2 goodness-of-test revealed that there was no significant (P > 0.1 departure of observed frequencies from the fitted simple harmonic curve. Seasonal component explained 55% of the total variation in the proportions of TB cases (100,000 among the migrants. Conclusion This regularity of peak seasonality in TB case detection may prove useful to institute measures that warrant a better attendance of migrants. Public health authorities may consider re-allocation of resources in the period of peak seasonality to minimize the risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection to close contacts in this and comparable settings in the region having similar influx of immigrants from high TB burden countries

  20. Profile of an HIV Testing and Counseling Unit in Bangladesh: Majority of New Diagnoses among Returning Migrant Workers and Spouses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arunthia Zaidi Urmi

    Full Text Available Analysis of data from HIV testing and counseling (HTC services provides an opportunity to identify important populations for targeting of HIV prevention efforts. Our primary aim was to describe the demographics of clients presenting to HTC in Bangladesh, a low HIV prevalence country. Our secondary aim was to determine the risk factors for HIV positivity among returning migrant workers who were tested.We performed a cross-sectional study of data collected between 2002 and 2010 from the first HTC service established in Bangladesh, located in three large cities.8973 individuals attended HTC services, with 558 (6.2% of clients testing positive for HIV, including 33 children. The majority of those who tested positive were aged 25-44 (71%, male (70%, and married (68%. Key populations considered at increased risk of HIV, such as female sex workers, people who inject drugs, and males who have sex with males accounted for only 11% of adults who tested positive. Notably, 75% of adults testing positive had a history of migrant work or was the spouse of a migrant worker. In multivariable logistic regression of those with a migrant work history presenting for HTC, we found rural residence, working in the Middle East, and longer duration of migrant work to be independently associated with testing positive, and female gender and higher level of education to be negatively associated.These data suggest that in Bangladesh, in addition to targeting traditional key populations, HIV prevention efforts should also focus on migrant workers and their spouses.

  1. Theory, Demonstration and Methods: Research on Social Security of Migrant Workers by Domestic Scholar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Social security of migrant workers has been significant in dissolving social contradictions and achieving the economic and social development in China during the transitional period. The researches of domestic scholar on social security of migrant workers can be classified into three categories. Firstly, theoretical analysis on social security of migrant workers, including researches on the appeal of social security and misunderstanding of recognition, theory-construction of rural worker social security, policy defects and equity construction in social security system of migrant workers. Secondly, real studies on social security of migrant workers, including researches on sequence of demand and influencing factors of social security of migrant workers as well as intrinsic motivation forming the perspective on social security. Lastly, road exploration of establishing social security system, including researches on the multi-level development of rural worker social security system, comparison of "Double-low method", "Guangdong Method" and "Shanghai Method" of the social security of migrant workers in Zhejiang Province and establishing multi-level social security system according to the hierarchy after the internal differentiation.

  2. Research on Issues concerning Social Security for Migrant Workers in Harmonious Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    This article analyzes the status quo of social security for migrant workers in China,and points out that there are deep system and concept reasons for the lack of labor rights and interests security,social security,equality and the right to development,political participation channels for the current migrant workers. This article then expounds the adverse effects of lack of social security for migrant workers on building a harmonious society: the lack of social security for migrant workers poses an enormous hidden trouble to the social stability,restricting the urbanization process in China,and hampering China’s agricultural development. To improve social security for migrant workers and promote the harmonious development of society,it is necessary to adhere to " people-oriented" outlook of development,give full play to migrant workers’ social creativity; implement the development strategy of comparative advantage,enhance material basis of social security for migrant workers; break the trade barriers between urban and rural areas,build unified urban-rural labor market; based on the actual situation of various regions, use hierarchical classification method to progressively improve the social security mechanism for migrant workers.

  3. Infectious diseases and migrant worker health in Singapore: a receiving country's perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadarangani, Sapna P; Lim, Poh Lian; Vasoo, Shawn

    2017-07-01

    Approximately 1.4 million migrant workers reside in Singapore, presenting unique infectious disease challenges to both migrants and Singapore. A Pubmed, MEDLINE (Ovid), EBSCO Host (Global Health) and Google Scholar search was performed for both peer, non-peer reviewed articles and reports relevant to migrant health in Singapore, published between 1 January 1989 and 1 September 2016. Additional studies were identified from citations within searched articles. We also reviewed published data and policy documents from the Ministries of Health and Manpower, Singapore. A significant proportion of malaria, enteric fevers, hepatitis A and E and tuberculosis diagnosed in Singapore involve migrant workers. From the 1990-2000 through 2009-11, while malaria and hepatitis A cases have decreased and remain sporadic, enteric fevers and tuberculosis cases have increased, possibly due to greater influx of migrant workers. Hepatitis E numbers remain low but migrant workers account for half of diagnosed cases. In an interplay of immune naivete, work and living conditions, migrants in the construction industry are at higher risk of arboviral infections such as dengue, Zika and chikungunya. Infections such as chikungunya were likely introduced into Singapore by travellers including migrant workers from the Indian subcontinent but autochthonous transmission continued due to the presence of competent mosquito vectors. There is less data regarding sexual health, networks and infections amongst migrant workers, an area which merits further attention. Migrant workers appear to be at higher risk than Singaporeans for specific infectious diseases, probably due to a complex interplay of several factors, including higher disease prevalence in their countries of origin, socio-economic factors, their living conditions in Singapore and financial, language and cultural barriers to healthcare access. Receiving countries need improved surveillance, expansion of preventive measures and decreased

  4. Migrant Workers in South Korea: Between Strategic Ambivalence and Systematic Exploitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Angel S. Ybiernas

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Prior to the 1980s, the South Korean workplace was not reliant on migrant workers. However, roughly just before the Seoul Olympics of 1988 were held, there was a noticeable increase in the number of foreign workers in South Korea. From the 1980s onwards, the South Korean government and its export-dependent industries struggled with the rising cost of living in the country and the attendant rise in the wages of Korean workers, creating a need for migrant workers. This essay tackles the challenges faced by South Korea vis-à-vis itsgrowing migrant worker population. Specifically, South Korea had to balance the need of its export-oriented industries to keep labor costs low by maintaining the wages (and other benefits of migrant workers minimal and the pressures, both internally and externally, to limit exploitation of, and improve the working conditions for, these laborers.

  5. Pregnancy-related behaviors among migrant farm workers--four states, 1989-1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-04-04

    The U.S workforce includes an estimated 3-5 million migrant and seasonal farm workers; approximately 16% of migrant farm workers are women (R. Mines, U.S. Department of Labor, personal communication, 1997). Early enrollment in prenatal care and proper weight gain during pregnancy can reduce the risk for poor birth outcomes. To characterize pregnancy-related behaviors and outcomes among migrant farm workers, CDC analyzed daa for 1989-1993 on prenatal-care use, weight gain during pregnancy, and birth outcomes among migrant farm workers enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in four states participating in CDC's Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance System (PNSS). This report presents the results of that analysis, which indicate that the goals of the national health objectives for the year 2000 for pregnant migrant women enrolled in WIC have not been met.

  6. Abused and Alone: Legal Redress for Migrant Domestic Workers in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Jennifer Whelan; Rohaida Nordin; Ma Khaltum Ishak; Nursyuhada Matwi; Siti Nurimani Zahari; Nicole Mekler; Amritha Thiyagarajan

    2016-01-01

    Since independence, Malaysia’s rapid economic development has relied on Malaysian workers moving from rural-to-rural and rural-to-urban areas as well as on migrant workers, especially from ASEAN countries such as Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand and also from South Asia. The sustained high economic growth rates in Malaysia over approximately three decades caused the increase in migrant workers, who were to meet the rising demand in certain sectors of the Malaysian labour market. The o...

  7. Injury and Mortality in Young Nepalese Migrant Workers: A Call for Public Health Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aryal, Nirmal; Regmi, Pramod R; van Teijlingen, Edwin; Simkhada, Padam; Adhikary, Pratik; Bhatta, Yadav Kumar Deo; Mann, Stewart

    2016-11-01

    Approximately 3.5 million Nepalese are working as migrant workers in the Gulf countries, Malaysia, and India. Every year there are more than 1000 deaths and many hundreds cases of injuries among Nepalese workers in these countries excluding India. A postmortem examination of migrant workers is not carried out in most of these countries, and those with work-related injuries are often sent back to home. Uninsured migrant workers also do not have easy access to health care services in host countries due to the high medical and hospital fees. Greater efforts are needed to protect the health and well-being, labor rights, and human rights of migrant workers from Nepal and other South-Asian nations. There is a need to enforce universal labor laws in these countries and to develop accurate records of mortality and morbidity and their causes.

  8. Exploring Cigarette Use among Male Migrant Workers in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olanrewaju Olusola Onigbogi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background There is limited knowledge about the use of cigarettes by blacks outside the United States (U.S. Nigeria creates an opportunity to explore smoking behaviours, smoking cessation (nicotine dependence and use of cigarettes in a country that has a large black population outside the U.S. Methods We conducted three Focus Group Discussions (FGDs involving twenty-four male migrant workers who reported that they were current cigarette smokers. Interviews were audio-taped and transcribed. Results Four major themes namely: reasons for initiating and continuing to smoke cigarettes, factors affecting brand choice, barriers to quitting, effect of smoking mentholated cigarette brands were identified. Conclusion This study provides insight into the use of mentholated and non-mentholated cigarettes and suggests the need for further studies to explore smoking behavior among Nigerians.

  9. Regulation and resistance: strategies of migrant domestic workers in Canada and internationally.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stasiulis, D K; Bakan, A B

    1997-01-01

    This article "is divided into three parts. The first part locates the Canadian migrant domestic/live-in caregiver program in the global context of domestic worker migration, and provides data on its scope. The second part addresses the obstacles to protection of domestic worker rights in the regulatory scheme composed of policies and laws of sending and receiving societies. The third part discusses some of the strategies employed by migrant domestic workers and their advocates to resist exploitation, and to attempt to provide meaningful rather than merely symbolic rights for migrant domestics."

  10. Migrant Workers Should Be Provided with More Job Training, Legal Protection and Social Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗成峰; 朱启臻

    2007-01-01

    Drawing on the survey results and interview data of 897 rural migrant workers in Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, the authors conduct an in-depth analysis of the background and current living conditions of rural migrant workers in the city; including their gender, age, educational background, vocation, length of employment, wage, work stability, work safety, housing conditions, medical treatment, leisure activities and life satisfaction. The findings indicate that migrant workers in Nanchang face difficult conditions and that the government and society must take measures to improve their situation.

  11. The Latino Migrant Worker HIV Prevention Program: building a community partnership through a community health worker training program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez, Jesús; Silva-Suarez, Georgina; Serna, Claudia A; De La Rosa, Mario

    2012-01-01

    There is limited information on the impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on Latino migrant workers (LMWs), although available data indicate that this community is being disproportionally affected. The need for prevention programs that address the specific needs of LMWs is becoming well recognized. HIV prevention interventions that train and employ community health workers are a culturally appropriate way to address the issues of community trust and capacity building in this community. This article describes the Latino Migrant Worker HIV Prevention Program and its efforts to train and engage community health workers in the prevention of HIV among LMWs in South Florida.

  12. Forced Flexibility and Exploitation: Experiences of Migrant Workers in the Cleaning Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Ollus

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Globalization has resulted in structural changes in the labor markets over the last decades. These changes have weakened some of the economic and social dimensions of work. At the same time, migration and especially labor migration have increased on the global level. This article looks at the situation of migrant workers in the cleaning industry in Finland. It is based on interviews with migrant workers who have experienced labor exploitation in the cleaning industry, representatives of cleaning industry employers, and representatives of labor unions. The primary aim is to give voice to the migrant workers themselves and to analyze how they experience their work and their position in working life. The findings suggest that there is a risk that migrant workers in the cleaning sector experience various forms of exploitation. This article argues that the demand and need for (employee flexibility may turn into forced flexibility that exploits the powerless and vulnerable migrant workers who have few other options than to agree to work on poor terms. The article suggests that the structural reasons that make the exploitation of migrant labor possible should be identified and addressed in order to prevent misuse of any workers, especially migrants.

  13. Anthropometry of Korean female industrial workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, J E; Malzahn, D E; Eyada, O K; Kim, C H

    1989-05-01

    This paper presents the results of an anthropometric survey conducted on Korean female workers in the garment industry. The data was collected as part of a project to modify work stations that utilized equipment from other countries. A set of 23 body dimensions were taken from a sample of 101 workers (aged 18-28 years). The anthropometric measurements are presented and compared with those of the Western and Japanese female. The results indicate that the body dimensions of the Korean female are different from those of both the Western and the Japanese female. The ratio of sitting height to standing height for the Korean female is closer to that of the Western female than it is the Japanese female.

  14. Communicable disease control in a migrant seasonal workers population: a case study in Norway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerin, P J; Vold, L; Aavitsland, P

    2005-03-01

    Reliable data on the health status of migrant seasonal workers in Europe is scarce. Access to public health care for this population depends on national regulations, and their legal status in host countries. In this manuscript we describe a case study of a salmonellosis outbreak that occurred in Norway, and highlight the difficulties encountered in applying control measures in a population of seasonal migrant farm workers. Surveillance and control of infectious diseases need to be supported by legislation which makes implementation of control measures possible. Efforts have been made to improve the rights for migrants in Europe with regard to healthcare, but seasonal migrant workers still remain largely outsiders where these measures are concerned. Special attention should be given to this disadvantaged group in terms of social rights and healthcare. Preparedness plans should be improved to deal with contagious pathogens involving the seasonal migrant population.

  15. Precarious posted worlds : Posted migrant workers in the Dutch construction and meat processing industries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berntsen, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    The posting of migrant workers has become an important employment channel for cross-border employment within the European Union (EU). Although posted workers are not formally excluded from labour rights, regulations are enacted in such a way that de facto they often are, as posted workers face many

  16. Precarious posted worlds : Posted migrant workers in the Dutch construction and meat processing industries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berntsen, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    The posting of migrant workers has become an important employment channel for cross-border employment within the European Union (EU). Although posted workers are not formally excluded from labour rights, regulations are enacted in such a way that de facto they often are, as posted workers face many

  17. Directory: New York State Services for Migrant and Seasonal Farm Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Interdepartmental Committee on Migrant Labor, Albany.

    A comprehensive directory of New York State services for migrant and seasonal farm workers is presented. Brief program descriptions--as well as the names of managerial personnel, addresses, and phone numbers for the numerous agencies related to migrant or seasonal farm programs--are given for the following: the State Department of Agriculture and…

  18. Internal Migration and Depressive Symptoms among Migrant Factory Workers in Shenzhen, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mou, Jin; Cheng, Jinquan; Griffiths, Sian M.; Wong, Samuel Y. S.; Hillier, Sheila; Zhang, Dan

    2011-01-01

    There has been a dramatic increase in rural-urban migration in China over the last two decades but there are few studies on the mental health of Chinese internal migrants. This study assesses the prevalence of depressive symptoms (DS) and their associated factors among migrant factory workers in Shenzhen, China. A questionnaire survey was sent to…

  19. A skill mismatch for migrant workers? Evidence from WageIndicator survey data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tijdens, K.; van Klaveren, M.; Galgóczi, B.; Leschke, J.; Watt, A.

    2012-01-01

    Are overeducation and undereducation more common among migrants compared to domestic workers? If so, are overeducation and undereducation similar across migrants from various home countries and across various host countries? This chapter is aimed at unravelling the incidence of skill mismatch, defin

  20. Internal Migration and Depressive Symptoms among Migrant Factory Workers in Shenzhen, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mou, Jin; Cheng, Jinquan; Griffiths, Sian M.; Wong, Samuel Y. S.; Hillier, Sheila; Zhang, Dan

    2011-01-01

    There has been a dramatic increase in rural-urban migration in China over the last two decades but there are few studies on the mental health of Chinese internal migrants. This study assesses the prevalence of depressive symptoms (DS) and their associated factors among migrant factory workers in Shenzhen, China. A questionnaire survey was sent to…

  1. Human rights and health disparities for migrant workers in the UAE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sönmez, Sevil; Apostolopoulos, Yorghos; Tran, Diane; Rentrope, Shantyana

    2011-12-15

    Systematic violations of migrant workers' human rights and striking health disparities among these populations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are the norm in member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Migrant laborers comprise about 90 percent of the UAE workforce and include approximately 500,000 construction workers and 450,000 domestic workers. Like many other GCC members countries, the UAE witnessed an unprecedented construction boom during the early 2000s, attracting large numbers of Western expatriates and increasing demand for cheap migrant labor. Elite Emiratis' and Western expatriates' dependence on household staff further promoted labor migration. This paper offers a summary of existing literature on migrant workers and human rights in the UAE, focusing on their impact on related health ramifications and disparities, with specific attention to construction workers, domestic workers, and trafficked women and children. Construction workers and domestic laborers are victims of debt bondage and face severe wage exploitation, and experience serious health and safety problems resulting from inhumane work and living conditions. High rates of physical, sexual, and psychological abuse impact the health of domestic workers. Through a review of available literature, including official reports, scientific papers, and media reports, the paper discusses the responsibility of employers, governments, and the global community in mitigating these problems and reveals the paucity of systematic data on the health of migrant workers in the Gulf.

  2. Psychological and occupational health investigation of migrant female workers in pharmacy and electron factories of Shandong Province%山东省制药和电子行业流动女工职业和心理健康调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐秀清; 邹建芳; 范昭宾; 季福玲; 马海华; 周忠华; 俞文兰

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the psychological and occupational health status of migrant female workers in pharmacy and e-lectron factories of Shandong Province. [ Methods ] A total of 3 804 female workers from 3 pharmacy and electron enterprises of Shandong Province were enrolled for investigation of individual questionnaire, enterprise questionnaire and SCL-90. All data were input into Epidata to form a database and then analyzed by SPSS 17.0 for multiple samples F test , correlation analysis, multiple linear regression analysis. [Results]①The female workers in electron industry were characterized by younger, short service length, unmarried; while in pharmacy industry they were characterized by older, long service length, married. The reproductive health clinical manifestations of migrant female workers in both 2 industries were dysmenorrheal, congestion in menstrual flow period, others in physical health were headache, dizzy, low back pains, depression etc. The female workers in electron factory had more repeating monotonous tasks, continuously standing works. ②The female workers in electron industry had more psychological disturbance than pharmacy workers. ③The psychological health had distinctive correlation with general conditions, reproductive health, physical functioning and working circumstances, but not significant. ④Taking psychological factors as dependent variable, general conditions, physical health and working circumstances as independent variable, based on the correlation analysis results, the multiple linear regression analysis was performed and constituted regression equation, the contribution rate of each independent variable on the psychological factors was 8% -32%. [ Conclusion ] The migrant female workers in pharmacy and electron factories of Shandong Province have serious reproductive and occupational health problems. The migrant female workers in electronic factories have more seriously psychological problems, which are related with

  3. The psychological impact of exposure to the 2008 snowstorms on migrant workers in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Guanghua; Shen, Huizhang; Chen, Guangming; Kerr, Naphtali; Zhao, Jun

    2015-03-01

    This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and to identify associated risk factors among migrant workers 4 years after the 2008 snowstorm in China. A cross-sectional survey of 528 respondents was conducted to collect data in Changsha, the capital of Hunan Province. A multistage cluster sampling method was applied in selecting subjects from migrant workers' gathering areas. Association between the independent variables and PTSD was analyzed using logistic regression analysis. The prevalence of PTSD was 17.42% among migrant workers in Changsha. Being male, being older than 35 years, being an electrician, having dependent children, suffering property damage, being without medical insurance, and having low social support were risk factors significantly related to the development of PTSD. Effective and sustainable mental health services should be directed particularly to the migrant workers, who are among the groups most vulnerable to the direct impact of snowstorms.

  4. Factors associated with health-seeking behavior among migrant workers in Beijing, China

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Peng, Yingchun; Chang, Wenhu; Zhou, Haiqing; Hu, Hongpu; Liang, Wannian

    2010-01-01

    .... This study was designed to assess the factors associated with health-seeking behavior and to explore feasible solutions to the obstacles migrant workers in China faced with when accessing health-care...

  5. Connotation and Characteristics of Employment Ability of New-generation Migrant Workers in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on China’s special conditions and characteristics of specific group of new-generation migrant workers,this article researches connotation of employment ability of new-generation migrant workers in China,that is,the connotation of employment ability of new-generation migrant workers in China should include four aspects:professional knowledge and skills,learning capacity,adaptability and environmental force.On this basis,through the analysis of indicators concerning connotation of employment ability,we get the overall characteristics of employment ability of new-generation migrant workers in China and reason responsible for its serious weakness.Finally we put forward corresponding countermeasures as follows:impart professional knowledge and skills;promote learning capacity;foster adaptive capacity;improve employment environment.

  6. Investigation and Study on Employment Status of Migrant Workers in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Ji-ying; Wang Yao

    2015-01-01

    With the gradual acceleration of urbanization speed and continuous improvements of agricultural productivity, the number of migrant workers is increasing. The living conditions of this group in cities determine the quality of urbanization in China, and are of great and far-reaching significance to Chinese construction of comprehensive well-off society. This study took the migrant workers in Heilongjiang Province as the research object, and took the representative new-generation migrant workers as the respondent to have a comprehensive analysis of the employment status. The study focused on these aspects, such as nature information, employment selection, employment quality, and social security, etc. Finally, it provided valuable ideas and methods on the reasonable solutions of the employment problems of the migrant workers to better increase farmers' income and improve their living qualities.

  7. Trade in labour services and migrant worker protection with special reference to East Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stahl, C W

    1999-01-01

    This article discusses the migrant worker protection policy of the East Asian international labor market. The labor-exporting countries of East Asia provide an onerous proportion of low-skilled migrant workers to the region and are responding to the perceived edge of a policy of labor export. Conversely, the movement of highly skilled and professional workers is the result of globalization and internationalization of education, training and professions, rather than the result of explicit labor export of certain countries. In view of the need of international bilateral arrangements for the protection and facilitation of low-skilled workers, the labor-exporting countries have introduced a number of policies aimed at protecting and promoting the welfare of the overseas workers. Thus, various policy measures are suggested to advance the cause of migrant worker protection in East Asia.

  8. Unmasking the enterprising nurse: migrant care workers and the discursive mobilisation of productive professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olakivi, Antero

    2017-03-01

    Public care work organisations in Northern Europe often seek to increase their economic efficiency in ways that care workers criticise for reducing both their professional autonomy and the quality of care. Recently, the ideal of 'enterprising nursing' has emerged as a political belief according to which economic efficiency, care workers' autonomy and the quality of care can be improved in tandem by cultivating care workers' agential abilities. This article examines the reception of this belief among migrant care workers in Finland. Drawing on research interviews, the analysis demonstrates how migrant care workers may have difficulties in aligning themselves with the enterprising ideals but also in protesting them. Ethnicity, and the status of a migrant, can offer resources for both constructing enterprising subjectivities and reframing care workers' agency, and their organisational environment, in more critical terms. © 2016 Foundation for the Sociology of Health & Illness.

  9. Investigation on the Status Quo of Migrant Workers’ Motivation for Vocational Training

    OpenAIRE

    He, Jianhua; ZUO, Lu

    2013-01-01

    The understanding of migrant workers’ motivation for training is of significant importance to promote the vocational training effectiveness. The survey study of 626 migrant workers in Guangdong province identified that occupational development motivation is the most intensive, followed by the social environment and job responsibility while cognitive interest and interrelationship are among the least. Therefore, the authors suggest that appropriate guidance should be conducted to facilitate ...

  10. The voices and protests of China's labour NGOs and their effort to promote migrant worker rights

    OpenAIRE

    Yamaguchi, Mami

    2015-01-01

    Labour NGOs in China are relatively new organizations that emerged in the 1990s and have spread during the 2000s. Migrant workers in China are weak both socially and economically and have been lacking ways of voicing grievances and protesting. Grassroots labour NGOs for migrant workers seem to be an efficient channel for their voices. This paper examines how labour NGOs emerged and how they function in the context of current Chinese society. This paper adopts the case study method to describe...

  11. Chinese migrant worker representation and institutional change: social or centralist corporatism?

    OpenAIRE

    Croucher, Richard; Miles, Lilian

    2010-01-01

    This article argues that the Chinese state has more highly articulated policies to deal with social disturbance than previously recognized by specialists. It does so by highlighting and critically analyzing the policies followed to improve the opportunities for migrant worker representation. The state has adopted a three-pronged policy. It has improved migrant worker rights, encouraged the official unions to help enforce these rights and allowed NGOs to offer certain services. The official un...

  12. Establishment of Comprehensive Evaluation Model of the New Generation Migrant Workers' Employability

    OpenAIRE

    GAO, Jianli; ZHANG, Tongquan

    2013-01-01

    Through literature research and expert interviews, we extract 10 variables influencing the new generation migrant workers' employability, and establish the comprehensive evaluation model of the new generation migrant workers' employability. Using factor analysis, we derive that the model includes three factors: skill literacy, relationship literacy and basic literacy. The weights of each factor are 0.580, 0.244 and 0.174 8, respectively. Skill literacy is affected by skill level, learning abi...

  13. World financial crisis as an indicator of a systemic discrimination of migrants: Migrant construction workers in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stojić-Mitrović Marta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available World financial crisis can be viewed as bringing about insights into some characteristics of our social, political and economic systems. The case of migrant construction workers from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia working in Slovenia, fired in the name of the financial crisis, undoubtedly calls attention to the existence of systemic discrimination which is based on nationality.

  14. Employment Will of New Generation Migrant Workers in Hubei Province and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The issue concerning new generation migrant workers is an important part of current social management. How to improve employment ability of new generation migrant workers is the central part of improving living of migrant workers and development environment. Based on survey data of 6 counties in Hubei Province,I analyzed employment will and influence factors of new generation migrant workers. Researches have indicated that going out to work,employment opportunity,nature of subordinate service industry,industrial technical level,and financial support play a significant role in employment intention of migrant workers,while their employment ability is influenced by their cultural quality,professional skills, working endurance,degree of policy cognition,and information channel,etc. In view of these five aspects,I put forward following countermeasures: raise educational level,improve skills,strengthen endurance,enhance attention to policies,and expand information channel,to improve employment ability of new generation migrant workers.

  15. Backflow of Migrant Workers in Urbanization: Place Selection and Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xuedong LI; Liang ZHAO

    2016-01-01

    Backflow of migrant workers is an essential part of rural surplus labor transfer. 425 valid samples from Haicheng,Taian and Xiuyan cities of Liaoning Province were analyzed and place selection and influencing factors were discussed. The study indicated that in backflow migrant workers,43. 16% returned to counties and towns,while 56. 84% returned to rural areas. Place selection was significantly influenced by years of migrant work,training,times of migration,migration distance,age,land area in hometown,and living preference.

  16. Promoting contraceptive use among unmarried female migrants in one factory in Shanghai: a pilot workplace intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qian Xu

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In urban China, more single women are becoming pregnant and resorting to induced abortion, despite the wide availability of temporary methods of contraception. We developed and piloted a workplace-based intervention to promote contraceptive use in unmarried female migrants working in privately owned factories. Methods Quasi-experimental design. In consultation with clients, we developed a workplace based intervention to promote contraception use in unmarried female migrants in a privately owned factory. We then implemented this in one factory, using a controlled before-and-after design. The intervention included lectures, bespoke information leaflets, and support to the factory doctors in providing a contraceptive service. Results 598 women participated: most were under 25, migrants to the city, with high school education. Twenty percent were lost when staff were made redundant, and implementation was logistically complicated. All women attended the initial lecture, and just over half the second lecture. Most reported reading the educational material provided (73%, but very few women reported using the free family planning services offered at the factory clinic (5% or the Family Planning Institute (3%. At baseline, 90% (N = 539 stated that contraceptives were required if having sex before marriage; of those reporting sex in the last three months, the majority reporting using contraceptives (78%, 62/79 but condom use was low (44%, 35/79. Qualitative data showed that the reading material seemed to be popular and young women expressed a need for more specific reproductive health information, particularly on HIV/AIDS. Women wanted services with some privacy and anonymity, and views on the factory service were mixed. Conclusion Implementing a complex intervention with a hard to reach population through a factory in China, using a quasi-experimental design, is not easy. Further research should focus on the specific needs and

  17. Participation and influence of migrant workers on working conditions: a qualitative approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Jacob, María J; Safont, Eva Canaleta; García, Ana M; Garí, Aitana; Agudelo-Suárez, Andrés; Gil, Angel; Benavides, Fernando G

    2010-01-01

    Workers participation in the management of employment and working conditions is an important determinant of both positive and negative effects of work on human health. Through a qualitative approach, this study analyzes the degree of control and influence that migrant workers in different Spanish cities have over their own working conditions (Immigration, Work, and Health [ITSAL] Project). Results showed that migrant workers had little influence on employment and working conditions. Immigrant workers are mostly interested in issues such as salaries, hiring, and hours of work. Fear of dismissal makes immigrant workers reluctant to demand improved working conditions. We received limited information about immigrant workers' understanding of their rights and their perceptions of the possibilities to influence working conditions through trade union activity. Informal social networks play an essential role in disseminating information on workers' rights, although the effect is not always positive. Unions need to increase attention to and adapt measures for this particularly vulnerable group of workers.

  18. Reproductive health status and its influence factors of migrant female workers in service industry of Chang'an Town%长安镇服务业外来女工生殖健康现状及其影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧召容; 刘小琼

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解长安镇服务业外来女工的生殖健康状况及健康需求,为提高服务业外来女工的生殖健康水平,进行合理干预提供依据.方法 采用整群抽样的方法抽取长安镇酒店、发廊、娱乐场所中有性生活的未婚女性及已婚女性523人作为研究对象,对生殖系统进行相关检查,并对检查结果进行统计学分析,了解常见、多发的生殖疾病及其高危因素.结果 长安镇服务业外来女工生殖疾病的总体发病率为72.1%,其中宫颈炎、盆腔炎、阴道炎的发病率分别为31.4%、25.4%、16.8%,可见,生殖疾病是长安镇服务业外来女工的常见病、多发病.对不同学历、年龄、收入、初次性生活时间、人流次数、工作时间、定期健康检查与否进行比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).学历低、年龄低、收入低、初次性生活时间早、工作时间长、未定期进行健康检查的女工,其生殖疾病的发病率较高.性伴侣个数的差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 我们应根据文化层次和接受程度的不同,采用多渠道、多形式的健康教育,提高服务业外来女工的生殖健康水平.%Objective To learn the reproductive health status and health need of the migrant female workers in service industry of Chang'an Town and to provide some references for proper intervention on improving the reproductive health of the migrant female workers in service industry.Methods A cluster sampling was carried out on 523 sexually active unmarried and married women in hotel,salon,and entertainment venues of Chang'an Town.In order to find out the common,multiple reproductive diseases and their risk factors,relevant inspection was carried out on them and then the results were statistically analyzed.Results The overall incidence of reproductive diseases of the migrant female workers in service industry of Chang'an Town was 72.1%.The incidences of cervicitis,pelvic inflammation

  19. Stigmatization experienced by rural-to-urban migrant workers in China: findings from a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaoming; Zhang, Liying; Fang, Xiaoyi; Xiong, Qing; Chen, Xinguang; Lin, Danhua; Mathur, Ambika; Stanton, Bonita

    2007-12-01

    Global literature has suggested a potential negative impact of social stigma on both physical and mental health among those who are being stigmatized. However, limited data are available regarding the form of stigma and stigmatization against rural-to-urban migrant workers in developing countries, including China. This study, employing qualitative data collected from focus group discussions and in-depth individual interviews with rural-to-urban migrants in Beijing, China, was designed to understand the forms and context of stigmatization against rural migrant workers. The data in the current study show that rural-to-urban migrant workers in China had experienced various forms of stigmatization including labelling, stereotyping, separation, status loss and discrimination. Stigmatization occurred through different contexts of migrant workers' lives in urban destinations, including employment seeking, workplace benefits, and access to health and other public services. The current study is a necessary first step to assess the potential impact of stigmatization on both the physical and psychological well-being of rural-to-urban migrant workers.

  20. Structural determinants of inconsistent condom use with clients among migrant sex workers: findings of longitudinal research in an urban canadian setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sou, Julie; Shannon, Kate; Li, Jane; Nguyen, Paul; Strathdee, Steffanie A; Shoveller, Jean; Goldenberg, Shira M

    2015-06-01

    Migrant women in sex work experience unique risks and protective factors related to their sexual health. Given the dearth of knowledge in high-income countries, we explored factors associated with inconsistent condom use by clients among migrant female sex workers over time in Vancouver, BC. Questionnaire and HIV/sexually transmitted infection testing data from a longitudinal cohort, An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access, were collected from 2010 to 2013. Logistic regression using generalized estimating equations was used to model correlates of inconsistent condom use by clients among international migrant sex workers over a 3-year study period. Of 685 participants, analyses were restricted to 182 (27%) international migrants who primarily originated from China. In multivariate generalized estimating equations analyses, difficulty accessing condoms (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 3.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13-12.47) independently correlated with increased odds of inconsistent condom use by clients. Servicing clients in indoor sex work establishments (e.g., massage parlors) (AOR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.15-0.77), and high school attainment (AOR, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.09-0.50) had independent protective effects on the odds of inconsistent condom use by clients. Findings of this longitudinal study highlight the persistent challenges faced by migrant sex workers in terms of accessing and using condoms. Migrant sex workers who experienced difficulty in accessing condoms were more than 3 times as likely to report inconsistent condom use by clients. Laws, policies, and programs promoting access to safer, decriminalized indoor work environments remain urgently needed to promote health, safety, and human rights for migrant workers in the sex industry.

  1. Analysis of hepatitis B vaccination behavior and vaccination willingness among migrant workers from rural China based on protection motivation theory

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Liu, Rugang; Li, Youwei; Wangen, Knut R; Maitland, Elizabeth; Nicholas, Stephen; Wang, Jian

    2016-01-01

    ...: Using protection motivation theory (PMT), we developed and measured HB cognitive variables and analyze the factors affecting HB vaccination behavior and willingness to vaccinate by migrant workers...

  2. Establishment of Indication System for Evaluating the Citizenization Level of New Generation Migrant Workers and Its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jia; LU

    2015-01-01

    Scientific and reasonable indicator system is the key for evaluating citizenization level of new generation migrant workers. With reference to basic connotation of endogenous and exogenous variables and in view of citizenization characteristics of new generation migrant workers,it built an evaluation indicator system including endogenous indicators based on micro-individual and exogenous indicators based on mesourban environment and macro-national policies. Besides,combining current situation of new generation migrant workers in Jiangsu Province,it evaluated citizenization level of the indicator system,in the hope of providing certain reference for evaluating citizenization level of new generation migrant workers.

  3. Time to pregnancy among female greenhouse workers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bretveld, R.W.; Zielhuis, G.A.; Roeleveld, N.

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Female greenhouse workers, who constitute a major occupational group exposed to pesticides at childbearing age, were studied to measure the effects of pesticide exposure on time to pregnancy. METHODS: Data were collected through postal questionnaires with detailed questions on time to pr

  4. Social Isolation and Spousal Violence: Comparing Female Marriage Migrants with Local Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Susanne Y. P.; Cheung, Y. W.; Cheung, Adam K. L.

    2012-01-01

    This research examined the impact of network participation, social support, and social control on the violence victimization of female marriage migrants by a spouse. Data were from a household survey of 492 cross-border and 379 local married couples in Hong Kong in 2007. The findings indicated that female marriage migrants were more vulnerable to…

  5. Diversity within the Health Service Workforce: Raising the Aspirations of Migrant Housekeeping Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenge, Lee-Ann

    2009-01-01

    Internationally there are growing numbers of migrant workers in the field of health who may represent an untapped resource in terms of workforce development. Although these workers often have higher-level skills and qualifications, they often find themselves in unskilled roles. This paper reports on a case study in the South West of England that…

  6. Loneliness as a Sexual Risk Factor for Male Mexican Migrant Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, Jennifer S.; Quispe-Lazaro, Arturo

    2009-01-01

    HIV/AIDs risk among migrant workers is often examined through individual determinants with limited consideration of social context. We used data from systematic ethnographic observations, structured interviews (n = 50), and life history interviews (n = 10) to examine the relationship between loneliness and HIV/AIDS risk for recently arrived (within the last 3 years) male Mexican migrant workers in New York City. Higher levels of loneliness were strongly associated with frequency of sexual risk behavior (r = 0.64; P = .008). From our ethnographic observations, we found that loneliness was a dominant element in workers' migration experience and that 2 different kinds of social spaces served as supportive environments for dealing with loneliness: bars or dance clubs and Catholic churches. Loneliness should be addressed as a critical factor in reducing HIV/AIDS risk among Mexican male migrant workers. PMID:19299684

  7. Providing care for migrant farm worker families in their unique sociocultural context and environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connor, Ann; Layne, Laura; Thomisee, Karen

    2010-04-01

    This article highlights the Farm Worker Family Health Program's (FWFHP) strategies for providing care to migrant farm workers residing within a unique social and cultural context. The care provided by health professions students from a variety of disciplines extends and augments the work of the local migrant farm worker clinic that is pushed beyond capacity during peak growing and harvest times. Nursing's social responsibility to care for underserved populations is a guiding principle of the FWFHP and shapes how the work is translated into action. The FWFHP is a community-academic partnership that began in the rural southeastern United States in 1993. Challenges facing migrant farm worker families include access to health care, language, health literacy, housing and sanitation, family and community integrity, and workplace safety. The nursing practice strategies used to address these health challenges may be adapted to strengthen health programs serving other populations who live in poverty or reside in low-resource settings.

  8. Social protection of migrant workers in Ukraine: striving towards European standards under crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataliia FEDIRKO

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to analyse the state of social protection for migrant workers in Ukraine. We investigated the legal status of migrant workers in Ukraine and carried out a comparative analysis of national and European experience in the area of protection of migrant workers’ rights. The author provides grounded support for a set of administrative measures aimed to implement the rights of migrant workers as a part of Ukraine’s international and European commitments. The practical significance of the article lies in the evaluation of Ukraine’s readiness to ratify Article 19 of the European Social Charter (revised “The right of migrant workers and their families to protection and assistance”. The author analyses the influence of the socio-political and economic crisis in Ukraine on the processes of external and internal migration, and on the social protection policies in the area of forced migrants. Also, the study assesses the social assistance provided to internally displaced persons. Finally, it suggests complex measures designed to counteract the negative migration trend.

  9. Exploring the Context and Implementation of Public Health Regulations Governing Sex Work: A Qualitative Study with Migrant Sex Workers in Guatemala.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha-Jiménez, Teresita; Brouwer, Kimberly C; Silverman, Jay G; Morales-Miranda, Sonia; Goldenberg, Shira M

    2016-03-25

    Public health regulations practices surrounding sex work and their enforcement can have unintended consequences for HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention and care among sex workers. This analysis was based on qualitative in-depth (n = 33) and focus groups interviews (n = 20) conducted with migrant female sex workers in Tecún Umán and Quetzaltenango, Guatemala, and explored the implementation of sex work regulations and related consequences for HIV prevention and care among migrant sex workers. Sex work regulations were found to have health-related benefits (e.g., access to HIV/STI testing) as well as negative impacts, such as abuse by police and harassment, detention/deportation of migrant sex workers. Whereas public health regulations may improve access to HIV/STI testing, their implementation may inadvertently jeopardize sex workers' health through unintended negative consequences. Non-coercive, evidence-based public health and sex work policies and programs are needed to expand access to HIV/STI prevention and care among migrant sex workers, while protecting their dignity and human rights.

  10. PHAMIT: A program on hiv/aids prevention among migrant workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thongphit Pinyosinwat

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Prevention of HIV/AIDS Among Migrant Workers in Thailand – or “PHAMIT,” which in Thai means “friendly skies”.  The program led by the Raks Thai Foundation with seven NGO partners and one government agency focuses on HIV prevention and health services for migrant workers from Burma and Cambodia in the fisheries, seafood and related industries.  The program demonstrates the complexity of working with undocumented migrant workers and the need to address barriers to the access to health services, migrant rights and policy. The trained migrant health assistants play a significant role in implementation of the program at migrant communities and their workplaces.  Migrant health volunteers distribute information, education and communication materials, as well as condoms.  To increase migrant access to health and reproductive health care, all participating partners support the Department of Health Service Supports in organizing migrant-friendly health services at government health facilities.  These activities include sexual transmitted disease diagnosis and treatment, and voluntary HIV counseling and testing.  The services are based on the rights of migrant workers to basic services and migrants becoming aware of their rights and responsibilities. Over a five year period beginning in October 2003, the program has reached 442,000 migrants and more than 20,800 entertainment workers with information about HIV and reproductive health. A total of 6,878,500 condoms has been distributed.  In addition, over 155,080 migrant workers received information on health and labor rights, including regular updates about migrant registration policy. At the same time, through PHAMIT activities, over 13,330 government officials, employers and journalists attended sensitization workshops on issues of migrants’ rights and policies.Le programme PHAMIT (Prevention of HIV/AIDS Among Migrant Workers in Thailand, qui signifie « cieux amicaux » en thaï, est

  11. Mobility Patterns of Children of Migrant Agricultural Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, J. Lamarr; And Others

    Narrative text, tables, and maps summarize information derived from a random sample of 20% of the Migrant Student Record Transfer System (MSRTS) data base as it existed in June 1976 related to the mobility patterns of migrant children in the contiguous United States and Puerto Rico from January 1975 to April 1976. The data base is a tabulation of…

  12. Proclaiming Migrants Rights. The New International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. Churches' Committee for Migrants in Europe Briefing Papers No. 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    World Council of Churches, Geneva (Switzerland).

    In December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly approved the new International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. This international agreement broadly defines the rights of migrant workers and their families and offers some means to review the compliance of nations in upholding…

  13. [Migrant workers: evolution of the Israel health system approach to the new social issue].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leventhal, Alex; Berlowitz, Yitzhak; Chemtob, Daniel

    2003-09-01

    The immigration of workers from poor countries to Israel began in earnest in 1993, and by 2003 their number had reached 250,000, the majority without work permits. In this article we describe the evolution of the Israeli approach to providing health services to migrant workers, noting particularly the swings between exclusion and inclusion, ranging from providing only the most minimal services to providing a complete health services package. The National Insurance Institute was the first to provide benefits to documented migrant workers, mandating compensation benefits for those injured at work or in terrorist incidents. The health care sector provided an ever-increasing package of health benefits for documented migrant workers, culminating in the Foreign Workers Law of 2000 obligating employers to insure workers with a health package similar to that of Israeli citizens. The provision of health services to undocumented migrant workers and their families arose more gradually, but ultimately included the full range of mother and child preventive health services, school health services, provision of ambulatory medical care by volunteer physicians members of human rights organization, the possibility of enrolling their children at a reduced premium in Meuchedet Health Fund, free diagnostic and treatment services for tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases, free antiretroviral treatment of HIV-positive pregnant women, and, finally, the ability to obtain gas masks for a token deposit prior to the Iraq War of 2003

  14. The Financial Planning and Financial Literacy of ex-Malaysia Indonesian Migrant Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rayenda Khresna Brahmana

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Indonesian migrant workers (IMW face life difficulties after returning back to Indonesia. This is a contrary condition considering their contribution to their home family in Indonesia while working abroad. Literature mentions that their financial planning is the root of the poverty of ex-IMW. Therefore, this research adopts literacy theory to explain this phenomenon. This research conducted a survey among 548 ex-IMW and measures their financial literacy and financial planning. This research also maps their asset ownership to examine the relationship between financial literacy and asset ownership. Overall, this research documents that financial literacy contributes statistically significantly and positively to financial planning. Furthermore, this research shows that asset ownership is closely related to financial literacy. In a nutshell, this research concludes that it is important for migrant workers to have good knowledge of financial issues, because having good financial literacy helps the migrant workers to plan their finance and budget much better, thereby helping them to avoid the poverty trap. Therefore, policymakers such as migrant worker authorities and/or Indonesian embassies abroad have to institute financial education programmes for migrant workers before they return to Indonesia.

  15. The Significance and Considerations of Hysterosalpingography by DR and High Pressure Injector in the Diagnosis of Female Infertility in Migrant Workers%DR下经高压注射器子宫输卵管造影在诊断外来工女性不孕症中的意义及注意事项

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高飞; 卢晓艳; 杜绪仓

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the hysterosalpingography( HSG) by DR and high pressure injector applied to groups of female migrant workers in diagnosis of the cause of infertility. Methods Retrospective analysis of infertility total 517 cases in our hospital from 2011 May to 2013 April of female migrant workers, used disposable double-lumen catheter and Ioversol Injection and digital radiography(DR) in HSG examination. Results 517 infertility patients with normal uterine morphology and development in 474 cases (91.68%), uterine abnormalities in 43 cases (8.32%). In addition to 16 cases of resected tubal,received a total of 501 tubal statistics, tubal patency in 109 cases (21.76%), tubal obstruction in 348 cases (69.46%), tubal poor patency in 74 cases(14.77%), hydrosalpinx in 108 cases(21.56%), countercurrent of contrast midum in 31 cases(6.19%),Pelvic adhesions in 143 cases (27.66%). Conclusion HSG by DR and high pressur injector is a simple, safe, effective, inexpensive form of understanding of the uterus,fallopian tube, should pay attention to operation technique and avoid the false positive results,can be used as a screening program before laparoscopy, clinical follow-up control the guidance of the important role, especially migrant workers More clinical value of female infertility.%目的:探讨DR下经高压注射器子宫输卵管造影(hysterosalpingography,HSG)运用于外来工妇女群体中不孕症病因诊断的临床价值及操作中的注意事项。方法回顾分析2011年5月至2013年4月我院因不孕症就诊的外来工妇女共计517例,均采用一次性双腔子宫造影导管及碘佛醇进行DR下经高压注射器子宫输卵管造影。结果517例不孕患者中,子宫形态及发育正常者474例(91.68%),子宫异常者43例(8.32%);除有16例已切除一侧输卵管,其余501例患者输卵管接受统计,输卵管通畅109例(21.76%),输卵管梗阻348例(69.46%),输卵管通而不畅74例(14

  16. Prevalence and correlates of violence against female sex workers in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-06-02

    Jun 2, 2014 ... Key words: female sex workers, violence against women, brothel based sex workers, prostitution in Africa .... is the leader of the sex workers. The chairlady serves as ...... and economic challenges that encourage sex work.

  17. Images of Place: Visuals from Migrant Women Sex Workers in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Elsa; Vearey, Jo

    2015-01-01

    Many migrants in inner-city Johannesburg survive through unconventional and sometimes criminalized livelihood activities. In this article, we draw on data from a study that applied a participatory visual methodology to work with migrant women who sell sex, and explored the suitability of this approach as a way to engage with a presumed 'hard to reach' urban population. The lived experiences of migrant women sex workers were documented by combining participatory visual methods with a more traditional ethnographic approach, and this approach led us to new ways of seeing their worlds. This methodological approach raises important considerations for working with marginalized and criminalized urban groups.

  18. The Mental Health of Children of Migrant Workers in Beijing: The Protective Role of Public School Attendance

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Qin; Li, Hong; Zou, Hong; Cross, Wendi; Bian, Ran; Liu, Yan

    2015-01-01

    The present study aims to understand the mental health status of an understudied group of migrant children—children of migrant workers in China. A total of 1466 children from Beijing participated in the study that compared migrant children (n = 1019) to their local peers (n = 447) in public and private school settings. Results showed that overall, migrant children reported more internalizing and externalizing mental health problems and lower life satisfaction than local peers. However, public...

  19. Learning from returnee Ethiopian migrant domestic workers: a qualitative assessment to reduce the risk of human trafficking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busza, Joanna; Teferra, Sehin; Omer, Serawit; Zimmerman, Cathy

    2017-09-11

    International migration has become a global political priority, with growing concern about the scale of human trafficking, hazardous work conditions, and resulting psychological and physical morbidity among migrants. Ethiopia remains a significant "source" country for female domestic workers to the Middle East and Gulf States, despite widespread reports of exploitation and abuse. Prior to introduction of a "safe migration" intervention, we conducted formative research to elicit lessons learned by women who had worked as domestic workers abroad. The aim of the study was to identify realistic measures future migrants could take to protect themselves, based on the collective insights and experience of returnees. We conducted a qualitative assessment among returnee domestic labour migrants in Amhara Region, Ethiopia, an area considered a "hotspot" for outmigration. We conducted in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with a total of 35 female returnees, exploring risk and protective factors experienced by Ethiopian women during domestic work abroad. We used thematic content analysis to identify practical messages that could improve prospective migrants' preparedness. Returnees described the knowledge and skills they acquired prior to departure and during migration, and shared advice they would give to prospective migrants in their community. Facilitators of positive migration included conforming to cultural and behavioural expectations, learning basic Arabic, using household appliances, and ensuring safety in employers' homes. Respondents also associated confidence and assertiveness with better treatment and respect, and emphasized the importance of access to external communication (e.g. a mobile phone, local sim card, and contact details) for help in an emergency. Following their own challenging or even traumatic experiences, returnees were keen to support resilience among the next wave of migrants. There is little evidence on practices that foster safer

  20. Acculturative stress, work-related psychosocial factors and depression in Korean-Chinese migrant workers in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hyeonkyeong; Ahn, Hyunmi; Miller, Arlene; Park, Chang Gi; Kim, Sun Jung

    2012-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to identify the relationships among acculturative stress, work-related psychosocial factors and depression in Korean-Chinese migrant workers living in Korea and to determine whether work-related psychosocial factors mediate the relationship between acculturative stress and depression. A descriptive correlational cross-sectional design was used. A convenience sample of 200 Korean-Chinese full-time migrant workers was recruited, and 170 completed questionnaires were included in the analysis. Acculturative stress was assessed by Sandh and Asrabadi's Acculturative Stress Scale. Work-related psychosocial factors were assessed by job demand, insufficient job control and interpersonal conflict measures from the Korean Occupational Stress Scale. Depression was assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Self-administered or face-to-face surveys were conducted by trained data collectors. Multiple regression and path analysis were used. Roughly 30% of the sample met the criteria for depression. Female workers had significantly higher depression scores than male workers. Acculturative stress and work-related psychosocial factors significantly predicted 26.3% of the variance in depression. A path model revealed the mediating effect of job demand on the relationship between acculturative stress and depression. Our results indicate that work-related psychosocial factors are salient factors that lead to depression among Korean-Chinese migrant workers living in Korea. The results suggest that occupational health-care professionals should promote the prevention and management of depression in this population and highlight the importance of acculturation context in the development of interventions designed to reduce work-related stress.

  1. Influence of Migrant Workers Returning to Hometown on the Changes of Village Social Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Wei; ZHANG Hong

    2012-01-01

    Based on field survey data of Village Z in Henan Province and from the perspective of the end of villages,we studied the influence of migrant workers returning to hometown on the changes of village social structure from village social interaction and village right reconstruction.Survey results show that social interaction centers of migrant workers returning to hometown for starting an undertaking move outside,which has exceeded the range of rural society of acquaintances and promoted the breaking of the traditional social relationship network " Differential Model of Association".In addition,migrant workers returning to hometown actively participate in building village rights and show more passionate political enthusiasm and practice of modern democratic concept.Furthermore,it not only speeds up disintegration of China’s small peasant economy and division of traditional farmers,but also is an important opportunity for realizing farmers’ self-ending and village ending,as well as urban and rural integration.

  2. Evaluation of Mobile Office Education Unit Utilization with Migrant Workers in Box Elder School District. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utah Research Coordinating Unit for Vocational and Technical Education, Salt Lake City.

    The purpose of this mobile-unit vocational education program was to focus on the basic communication skills, business skills, and math skills believed necessary to qualify better the migrant worker in securing entry jobs in the field of office occupations. The program was designed to meet the needs of the migrant worker from 14 to 30 years of age.…

  3. Analysis of Factors Influencing Migrant Workers' Income in China - Based on Empirical Research of Survey and Research Data in Shanxi Province

    OpenAIRE

    Xue, Jun-Li

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of conducting field survey of migrant workers in 18 counties of Shanxi Province, this article analyses the basic characteristics of migrant workers in Shanxi Province, and adopts revised Mincer model to conduct empirical analysis of various factors concerning the income of migrant workers in Shanxi Province . the results show that age, gender, skills and other factors, have significant impact on migrant workers' income, while the educational level and the working places within th...

  4. A meta-ethnography of the acculturation and socialization experiences of migrant care workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Ken H M; Chiang, Vico C L

    2015-02-01

    To report a meta-ethnography of qualitative research studies exploring the acculturation and socialization experiences of migrant care workers. Migrant care workers are increasingly participating in health and social care in developed countries. There is a need to understand this increasingly socioculturally diversified workforce. A comprehensive search through 12 databases and a manual search of journals related to transculture for studies on socialization and acculturation experiences (published 1993-2013) was completed. The inclusion criteria were peer-reviewed studies on the acculturation or socialization experiences of migrant care workers published in English in any country, using a qualitative or mixed-methods approach. This meta-ethnography employed the seven-phase Noblit and Hare method with reciprocal translation, refutational synthesis and lines-of-argument to synthesize qualitative studies. Three main themes were identified: (a) schema for the migration dream: optimism; (b) the reality of the migration dream: so close, yet so far; and (c) resilience: from chaos to order. A general framework of motivated psychosocial and behavioural adaptation was proposed. This meta-ethnography also revealed the vulnerabilities of migrant nurses in the process of acculturation and socialization. The general framework of behavioural and psychosocial adaptation revealed factors that impede and facilitate behavioural and psychosocial changes. Strategies to enrich external and internal resources should be targeted at encouraging multiculturalism and at improving the psychosocial resources of migrant care workers. It is suggested that research investigating the prominence of nursing vulnerabilities be conducted. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Self-medication practices among a sample of Latino migrant workers in South Florida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesus eSanchez

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Although the literature on self-medication among Latino migrant workers (LMWs is sparse, a few existing studies indicate that this practice is common in this community. The purpose of this paper is to estimate health status, access to health care, and patterns of self-medication practices of a cohort of LMWs in South Florida.Methods: A stratified network-based sample was utilized to recruit 278 LMWs in the Homestead area. After screening for eligibility, participants were administered a structured questionnaire that collected data on their health status, access to health care services, and self-medication practices. A convenience sample of 24 Latino migrant workers who participated in the parent study were invited back to participate in 3 focus groups to look more in depth into self-medication practices in the Latino migrant worker community. Results: Study findings indicate that Latino migrant workers are affected by a vast array of health problems yet lack access to health care services. Participants already engaged in self-medication practices in the countries of origin and, upon their arrival in the US, these practices continue and, in many cases, increase. Conclusion: Long-held traditions and lack of access to the formal health care system in the US contribute to the high prevalence of self-medication among Latino migrant workers. Self-medication practices such as the use of prescription medications without a prescription and lay injection are high risk practices that can have harmful consequences. Prevention interventions that address self-medication in the Latino migrant worker community are likely to be most effective if they are culturally adapted to the community and facilitate access to health care services.

  6. Complex routes into HIV care for migrant workers: a qualitative study from north India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rai, Tanvi; Lambert, Helen S; Ward, Helen

    2015-01-01

    Migrant workers are designated a bridge population in the spread of HIV and therefore if infected, should be diagnosed and treated early. This study examined pathways to HIV diagnosis and access to care for rural-to-urban circular migrant workers and partners of migrants in northern India, identifying structural, social and individual level factors that shaped their journeys into care. We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with HIV-positive men (n = 20) and women (n = 13) with a history of circular migration, recruited from an antiretroviral therapy centre in one district of Uttar Pradesh, north India. Migrants and partners of migrants faced a complex series of obstacles to accessing HIV testing and care. Employment insecurity, lack of entitlement to sick pay or subsidised healthcare at destination and the household's economic reliance on their migration-based livelihood led many men to continue working until they became incapacitated by HIV-related morbidity. During periods of deteriorating health they often exhausted their savings on private treatments focused on symptom management, and sought HIV testing and treatment at a public hospital only following a medical or financial emergency. Wives of migrants had generally been diagnosed following their husbands' diagnosis or death, with access to testing and treatment mediated via family members. For some, a delay in disclosure of husband's HIV status led to delays in their own testing. Diagnosing and treating HIV infection early is important in slowing down the spread of the epidemic and targeting those at greatest risk should be a priority. However, despite targeted campaigns, circumstances associated with migration may prevent migrant workers and their partners from accessing testing and treatment until they become sick. The insecurity of migrant work, the dominance of private healthcare and gender differences in health-seeking behaviour delay early diagnosis and treatment initiation.

  7. Problems of Quality of Migrant Workers and Countermeasures from the Perspective of Iceberg Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of Iceberg Model,we analyze levels and structures of quality of migrant workers from knowledge,skills,social role, self-cognition,traits and motives. On the basis of these situations,we put forward countermeasures: value rural education and enhance skill training; make clear occupational planning and set up correct sense of value; assist migrant workers in facing the reality and adjusting their state of mind in working; coordinate interest relationship and call upon social care; rebuild mental world and construct harmonious society.

  8. Minimum Wage Regulation in China and Its Applications to Migrant Workers in the Urban Labor Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Du; Weiguang Pan

    2009-01-01

    Using data at micro and city levels, the present paper explores the policy evolution of the minimum wage system in China, and examines its coverage for migrant workers. The analysis indicates that minimum wage policy has been substantially improved in terms of both coverage and the level of the minimum wage standard, but that the current policy tool that relies on the monthly wage rate is not effective. Because migrant workers tend to work more hours, use of an hourly wage rate is more appropriate than a monthly wage rate.

  9. Problems of Rural Migrant Workers and Policies in the New Period of Urbanization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gu Shengzu; Zheng Lingyun; Yi Shance

    2008-01-01

    The huge migration of rural workers has new characteristics such as the bad order, high degree of concentration, low level of collective action, marginality in social status, unfair treatment, difficult integration of the new generation, and the new return trend of rural migrants, which causes 'urban diseases' in China. Countermeasures should be taken to develop medium-sized and small cities, integrate the labor market of the city and countryside, provide necessary public services, social security and vocational training, guide the rural migrant workers to return rationally, and help the new generation live in harmony with urban residents.

  10. An Empirical Study on the Social Integration of Young Migrant Workers: A Case Study of Nanjing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tingting WANG

    2016-01-01

    Based on the empirical survey of 184 young migrant workers in Nanjing City,this paper makes an in-depth analysis of issues concerning the social integration of young migrant workers from economic integration,cultural integration and psychological integration. The survey results show that the overall level of social integration of young migrant workers is low; the dualistic household registration management system of urban and rural areas is the root cause,the lack of human capital,cultural capital and social capital is the underlying causes,and urban residents’ discrimination and exclusion is the external cause; to speed up the social integration of young migrant workers,the key is based on the actual needs of youth migrant workers to take practical measures to gradually integrate them into the city.

  11. Abused and Alone: Legal Redress for Migrant Domestic Workers in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Whelan

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Since independence, Malaysia’s rapid economic development has relied on Malaysian workers moving from rural-to-rural and rural-to-urban areas as well as on migrant workers, especially from ASEAN countries such as Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand and also from South Asia. The sustained high economic growth rates in Malaysia over approximately three decades caused the increase in migrant workers, who were to meet the rising demand in certain sectors of the Malaysian labour market. The objective of the article is to identify potential opportunities for policy and legislative reform in relation to Malaysia’s implementation of its obligations as a Migrant Domestic Worker (MDW receiving country specifically in relation to the barriers to MDW bringing claims where their rights have been breached. This article has identifies the relevant policy, legislative and support mechanism (NGO and government landscape in Malaysia regarding the realisation of the rights of migrant domestic workers in Malaysia to bring claims where their rights have been breached (particularly the differences between Malaysia’s treatment of domestic workers as compared to other migrant workers; best practice examples of the relevant policy, legislative and support mechanism (NGO and government landscapes in at least 2 ‘best practice’ MDW receiving countries regarding the realisation of the rights of MDW to bring claims where their rights have been breached; and potential opportunities for policy, legislative and support mechanism reform in Malaysia to further enhance the realisation of the rights of MDW in Malaysia specifically in relation to redress mechanisms for breaches of the rights of MDW.

  12. The Role of Social Media in Community Building for Illegal Vietnamese Migrant Workers in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony LE DUC

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Vietnamese migrant workers in Thailand along with those from other neighboring countries increasingly play an important role in the local economy. They are also an important source of income for the sending country. However, the illegal status of Vietnamese workers in Thailand presents a number of challenges both individually and communally. This paper explores the difficulties faced by Vietnamese who come to this country to make a living. These difficulties arise not only from having to work illegally, but also from social, cultural, and linguistic barriers that they must confront in the Thai environment. It proposes that these difficulties are partially made easier by the availability of social media, in particular Facebook. The prevalent use of Facebook among Vietnamese migrant workers in Thailand helps to build community by connecting family, friends, and faith groups together, by serving as a resource for important news and information pertaining to legal and social issues that directly affect them, and by serving as a means for community support in time of crisis. This paper argues that social media, as seen in the case of Vietnamese migrant workers, can effectively be used by community and religious leaders to provide various types of support for migrant workers living in diaspora.

  13. Caring from Afar: Asian H1B Migrant Workers and Aging Parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yeon-Shim; Chaudhuri, Anoshua; Yoo, Grace J

    2015-09-01

    With the growth in engineering/technology industries, the United States has seen an increase in the arrival of highly skilled temporary migrant workers on H1B visas from various Asian countries. Limited research exists on how these groups maintain family ties from afar including caring for aging parents. This study explores the experiences and challenges that Asian H1B workers face when providing care from a distance. A total of 21 Chinese/Taiwanese, Korean, and Indian H1B workers participated in in-depth qualitative interviews. Key findings indicate that despite distance, caring relationships still continue through regular communications, financial remittances, and return visits, at the same time creating emotional, psychological, and financial challenges for the workers. Findings highlight the need for further research in understanding how the decline of aging parent's health impacts the migrants' adjustment and health in the United States.

  14. The Development of Intercultural Relationships at Work: Polish Migrant Workers in Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Lahti, Malgorzata; Valo, Maarit

    2013-01-01

    This article offers an interpersonal communication perspective on relational processes in a workplace affected by the international flow of labor migration. We investigate how temporary migrant workers and their foreign colleagues perceive developing interpersonal relationships with each other through an analysis of in-depth interviews with employees of a Finnish recruitment agency and Polish metal workers it has recruited. The recruitment agents talk about their relationships with the recrui...

  15. Migrant Domestic Workers in the UK: Enacting Exclusions, Exemptions, and Rights

    OpenAIRE

    Mullally, Siobhan; Murphy, Cliodhna

    2014-01-01

    Human rights law has begun to address the inequalities and exclusions that structure the domain of domestic work. The “everyday” of exclusions from employment law and social security, and precarious migration status, had, until recently, attracted only limited attention. This article examines the reforms introduced in the Overseas Domestic Workers (ODW) visa regime in the United Kingdom. The move towards a more precarious migration status for migrant domestic workers marks a...

  16. Comparative assessment of migrant farm worker health in conventional and organic horticultural systems in the United Kingdom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Paul; Edwards, Rhiannon T; Hounsome, Barry; Edwards-Jones, Gareth

    2008-02-25

    This study describes the self-reported health and well-being status of field and packhouse workers in UK vegetable horticulture, and tests the null hypothesis that there is no difference in the self-reported health of workers on organic and conventional horticultural farms. The majority of those sampled were migrant workers (93%) from Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia and the Ukraine. More than 95% of the respondents were aged 18-34 and recruited through university agricultural faculties in East European or employed via UK agencies. The health of 605 farm workers (395 males and 210 females) was measured through the use of four standard health instruments. Farm workers' health was significantly poorer than published national norms for three different health instruments (Short Form 36, EuroQol EQ-5D and the Visual Analogue Scale). There were no significant differences in the health status of farm workers between conventional and organic farms for any of these three instruments. However, organic farm workers scored higher on a fourth health instrument the Short Depression Happiness Scale (SDHS) indicating that workers on organic farms were happier than their counterparts working on conventional farms. Multiple regression analysis suggested that the difference in the SDHS score for organic and conventional farms is closely related to the range and number of tasks the workers performed each day. These findings suggest that a great deal of improvement in the self-reported health of farmers will need to occur before organic farms meet the requirements of the 'Principle of Health' as described by IFOAM. Ensuring that farm workers have a varied range of tasks could be a cost effective means of improving self-reported health status in both organic and conventional farming systems.

  17. The making of a new working class? A study of collective actions of migrant workers in South China

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, Chris King-Chi; Pun, Ngai

    2009-01-01

    In this study, we argue that the specific process of the proletarianization of Chinese migrant workers contributes to the recent rise of labour protests. Most of the collective actions involve workers' conflict with management at the point of production, while simultaneously entailing labour organizing in dormitories and communities. The type of living space, including workers' dormitories and migrant communities, facilitates collective actions organized not only on bases of locality, ethnici...

  18. Experiences of racism and discrimination among migrant care workers in England: findings from a mixed-methods research project

    OpenAIRE

    Stevens, Martin; Hussein, Shereen; Manthorpe, Jill

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Abstract This article reports part of the findings of research undertaken in 2007-09 that aimed to investigate the contribution made by migrant workers to the care workforce in England. The study involved analysis of national statistics on social care and social workers and semi-structured interviews with a wide range of stakeholders, including 96 migrant care workers. The interviews elicited some accounts relating experiences of racism and discrimination from some peo...

  19. Reworking labour practices : On the agency of unorganized mobile migrant construction workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berntsen, Lisa

    2015-01-01

    In an attempt to probe the nuanced processes of non-unionization, this article analyses the agency of migrant construction workers and the ways they negotiate and navigate an increasingly flexible and pan-European labour market. Drawing upon qualitative interview data, the article argues that the pr

  20. The Children of Migrant Workers. Collection Studies: Education Series No. 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Commission des Communautes Europeennes (Luxembourg).

    Major linguistic, cultural, and social problems posed by the education of the children of migrant workers (more than 1.5 million in 1975) in the European Community Member States are examined. Varying attitudes of rejection, assimilation, or integration of new environments, bilingualism or plurilingualism, anomy, and linguistic interference are…

  1. The Role of Information in the Realization of the Human Rights of Migrant Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hujanen, Taisto

    1989-01-01

    Reports on the international Joint Study, supported by UNESCO, attended by scholars and experts from 14 European countries, Australia, Canada, and the U.S. Focuses on the communication situation of a migrant worker community. Describes position papers presented, and final conclusions and recommendations. (MW)

  2. Beyond ESOL? Assessing the Propensity of East European Migrant Workers to Undertake Further and Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, Steve

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the labour market participation of east Europeans living and working in East Staffordshire and Derby. It is based upon research which examines the qualifications and occupations of these migrant workers and which also seeks to ascertain their future intentions in respect of settlement, and the propensity to undertake…

  3. Social Support and Its Impact on Ethnic Identity and HIV Risk among Migrant Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shehadeh, Nancy; Rubens, Muni; Attonito, Jennifer; Jennings, Terri

    2017-03-09

    Migrant workers are disproportionately affected by HIV due to poverty, social isolation, lack of access to and availability of health care services, acculturation, language barriers, constant mobility, and lack of knowledge. This study examined the impact of changes in social support on ethnic identity and HIV risk behaviors among migrant workers in South Florida. For this study, baseline and 6-month follow-up data were collected from an HIV intervention study among migrant workers in South Florida (n = 270) who reported unprotected sex in the past 30 days. The Multigroup Identity Measure was used to assess ethnic identity and the Social Provisions Scale examined the degree to which respondents' social relationships provide various dimensions of social support. Social support was a significant predictor of ethnic identity and of ethnic identity subscales, ethnic identity belonging and ethnic identity explore. There were small but statistically significant short-term changes in ethnic identity and ethnic identity subscales among the migrant workers over the 6-month time period assessed after controlling for the intervention. Future studies should be conducted over a longer period of time to better assess this relationship and possible factors to reduce HIV risk behaviors. There is a need to focus on improving the quality of health and reduce HIV and other risks experienced by this marginalized community.

  4. Construction Strategies of Social Security System for Wan-jiang Urban Belt’s Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Theoretical debate and practice exploration on social security of migrant workers were introduced.The political direction and security layer on social security for migrant workers in Wan-jiang urban belt were analyzed:the first layer is to implement wage payment guarantee and employment injury insurance;the second layer is to emphasize serious disease insurance and endowment insurance;the third layer is unemployed insurance and social assistance.The primary strategy of building a social security system for migrant workers in Wan-jiang urban belt was put up:wage payment guarantee system that is united in certain regions should be promoted;employment injury insurance system that is undertaken by enterprises should be built;a social health care system for serious diseases should be set up;multi-layers endowment insurance system for migrant workers should be created;vocational training and training in how to start a business should be built as well as the unemployment insurance system;social assistant system based on the basic cost of living allowances should be set up.

  5. Far from Home, But at Home: Indian Migrant Workers in the Iranian Oil Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Atabaki, T.

    2015-01-01

    This article revisits the life and times of Indian migrant workers in Persia/Iran during the first half of the twentieth century, and discusses their contributions to the founding, development and eventual consolidation of the Persian/Iranian oil industry. A number of factors that shaped this

  6. Reworking labour practices : On the agency of unorganized mobile migrant construction workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berntsen, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    In an attempt to probe the nuanced processes of non-unionization, this article analyses the agency of migrant construction workers and the ways they negotiate and navigate an increasingly flexible and pan-European labour market. Drawing upon qualitative interview data, the article argues that the pr

  7. Multiple risk factors for work-related injuries and illnesses in korean-chinese migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hyeonkyeong; Chae, Duckhee; Yi, Kwan Hyung; Im, Soye; Cho, Sung Hye

    2015-01-01

    Korean-Chinese currently represent the largest group of migrant workers in Korea. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of risk factors on the occurrence of work-related injuries and illnesses (WII). Data for 486 Korean-Chinese migrant workers were drawn from the 2010 Migrant Workers' Health and Safety Survey in Korea. Logistic regression was used to identify the association between WII and multiple risk factors. Individual health status (OR = 3.83, 95% CI [2.01, 7.30]), safety training (OR = 0.39, 95% CI [0.18, 0.85]), job satisfaction (OR = 1.90, 95% CI [1.07, 3.38]), physical and chemical hazard exposure (OR = 1.05, 95% CI [1.02, 1.08]), and length of stay (OR = 1.01, 95% CI [1.00, 1.01]) were identified as risk factors for WII. The findings suggest the need for a comprehensive approach to assess WII risk factors, including personal, work organization and psychosocial demands, and acculturation in Korean-Chinese migrant workers.

  8. Far from Home, But at Home: Indian Migrant Workers in the Iranian Oil Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Atabaki, T.

    2015-01-01

    This article revisits the life and times of Indian migrant workers in Persia/Iran during the first half of the twentieth century, and discusses their contributions to the founding, development and eventual consolidation of the Persian/Iranian oil industry. A number of factors that shaped this experi

  9. Caring the Yout-- Listening to the heart of young migrant workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2012-01-01

    China has around 100 million of the so-called "new generation' of migrant workers, who were born in the 1980s and early 1990s. They can be seen living and working across the whole nation in varieties of industries, but do we really know what they think about their fives and careers? We should listen to their heart.

  10. Chromosomic aberrations in female workers exposed to pesticides

    OpenAIRE

    Cuenca, Patricia; Ramírez, Vanessa

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this work was to determine if the occupational exposure to those pesticides used at banana plantations’ packaging plants produces genetic damage to somatic cells of female workers. Chromosomal aberrations were scored in lymphocytes of 20 women, 10 female exposed workers and 10 female controls. Workers were recruited from independent farms from two locations in Costa Rica, during January through June in 1996 and 1997. These females had a minimum of three months of work, had neve...

  11. Boundaries, Work and Identity Practices: Being "'Asian" Migrant Educational Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Cynthia

    2014-01-01

    This article draws on the concept of boundaries in understanding the identity practices of a group of Malaysian skilled migrant women working in the Australian education sector. Drawing on in-depth interviews with these women on their migration and work experiences, the author explores the concept of boundary work within an educational framework.…

  12. Social Capital and Community Participation among Migrant Workers in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Neal A.; Perkins, Douglas D.; Xu, Qingwen

    2011-01-01

    In China, rapid development has prompted massive migration from rural to urban areas. Migrants' participation in Urban Residents Committees (URCs) and other community organizations offers opportunities for the development of social capital and democracy in contemporary China. We use 2006 survey data from a stratified convenience sample of 3,024…

  13. Social Capital and Community Participation among Migrant Workers in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Neal A.; Perkins, Douglas D.; Xu, Qingwen

    2011-01-01

    In China, rapid development has prompted massive migration from rural to urban areas. Migrants' participation in Urban Residents Committees (URCs) and other community organizations offers opportunities for the development of social capital and democracy in contemporary China. We use 2006 survey data from a stratified convenience sample of 3,024…

  14. Investigation and Analysis on the Selecting and Obtaining Employment of New Generation Migrant workers - A case of Yudu county, Jiangxi Province

    OpenAIRE

    Qin, Xiuqing; Hu, Qinglin

    2011-01-01

    The paper conducts an investigation on the new generation migrant workers in view of the selecting and obtaining employment of new generation migrant workers in industrial zone of Yudu County, Ganzhou Province during the period from June 23, 2010 to June 27, 2010. The basic situation of the selecting and obtaining employment of new generation migrant workers, the expectation and career goals is collected. The chief problems confronted by the selecting and obtaining employment of migrant worke...

  15. Social Determinants of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Families of Migrants participating in Mexico-Canada Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program: A Study in Guadalupe Zaragoza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Gines Martínez Fernández

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the social determinants of pulmonary tuberculosis in the families of migrant laborers registered in the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP and residing in Guadalupe Zaragoza Tlahuapan, Puebla, México. Methods: An exploratory cross-sectional study of the interaction between migration, social determinants, and pulmonary tuberculosis. Results: In this poor and patriarchal community, the SAWP offers financial opportunities for the men of Guadalupe Zaragoza. The remittances of these migrant workers have enabled their families to live in adequate housing, but their health situation is still vulnerable. Only half of the families have access to public health services or the special health programs for migrant worker families. 13% of migrant family members were infected with pulmonary tuberculosis as measured by the Quantiferon-TB test. The female partners of migrants typically do not study past elementary school, become housewives with no pay, are forced to take on added work in the household, and experience subjective symptoms of stress and fatigue. The children of Guadalupe Zaragoza are also vulnerable; the number of children in this community who can regularly attend school is below the national average because many children have to work. These families end up paying more for education, housing, and health services than the average Mexican family. Conclusions: In the families of SAWP migrant workers, the prevalence of latent pulmonary tuberculosis was found to be lower than the national average based on studies using the tuberculin test; this may be due to the greater specificity of the Quantiferon-TB Gold test. There is a significant risk of reactivation tuberculosis in these families due to the inequity in the social determinants of health.

  16. Mobile cultures of migrant workers in Southern China: Informal literacies in the negotiation of (new) social relations of the new working women

    OpenAIRE

    Tong, A; Lin, A

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze the data collected through in-depth interviews of migrant workers in Southern China about their mobile cultures. In particular, we focus on understanding the role that mobile cultures play in female workers’ negotiation of their social and romantic relations and leisure space and how these negotiations are directly or indirectly facilitated by development of informal literacies through their frequent short message service communicative practices. These will help us u...

  17. Vietnamese Migrant Workers in Thailand - Implications for Leveraging Migration for Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy HUYEN NGUYEN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A greater flow of people to and from each of the Mekong countries is catching the attention of the general public and academic researchers. As one of the fastest growing countries in the GMS, Thailand is attracting the majority of migrant workers from its neighbours. At a smaller scale, when compared with those from Lao PDR, Cambodia and Myanmar, Vietnamese workers are also joining this increasing trend in immigration to Thailand. By analyzing information from secondary data sources, this research paper attempts to provide further insights into the social and economic impacts generated by the Vietnamese migrant workers in Thailand both at home and the host country. The study discovers that moving to Thailand for work has eased the pressures of rural unemployment and underemployment that have plagued Vietnam recently. Meanwhile, Vietnamese workers are helping soothe the stress caused by the increasing demand for unskilled and low skilled labourers in Thailand. The study further learns that the long-established community of Vietnamese migrants in Thailand is encouraging the increasing movement of Vietnamese workers to Thailand. The study findings suggest meaningful implications for future policies in leveraging labour migration for development.

  18. Nationalization Scheme (Nitaqat in Saudi Arabia and the Condition of Filipino Migrant Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henelito A. SEVILLA, Jr

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The Philippines is one of few countries in the developing world that heavily relied on exporting its laborers to sustain its economic growth. Despite attempts by previous administrations to minimize sending Filipino workers abroad by improving working condition at home so that working abroad would no longer be compulsory but optional, many Filipinos continue to leave the country hoping to alleviate their families from poverty. This idea of working abroad has several implications for migrant workers especially in regions where labor policies are not clearly laid down and that rights and welfare of migrant workers are not protected. This paper seeks to elucidate the conditions of Overseas Filipinos Workers (OFWs in Saudi Arabia which strictly implemented “Saudization”2 policy since 2011. In particular, the paper tries to address the following questions: What does “Saudization” (nitaqat mean from Filipinos’ perspectives?; Who are affected by this policy and Why have OFWs been affected by such policy?; How did undocumented or illegal OFWs survive in previous years?; What policies they have implemented to counter it? This paper is centered on its main thesis that Saudi Nationalization policy, which is centered on solving socio-economic problems facing the young and unemployed population in several Gulf countries, has been the driver for these governments to strictly implement such a law and that many migrant workers including Filipinos working on specific areas together with undocumented ones are gravely affected.

  19. [Occupational stress and early health effects in migrant workers in an electronics manufacturing service enterprise].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, X M; Li, S; Zhang, Q Y; Wang, C; Ji, Y Q; Wang, J; Shi, J

    2016-10-20

    Objective: To investigate occupational stress in migrant workers in an electronics manufacturing service enterprise and the association between occupational stress and early health effects, such as job burnout, depressive tendency, and insomnia. Methods: In August 2015, stratified random cluster sampling was used to select 1 097 migrant workers in an electronics manufacturing service enterprise. The Job Demand-Autonomy Questionnaire and effort-reward imbalance questionnaire were used to investigate occupational stress with the types of high workload and effort-reward imbalance, and Burnout Inventory, depression scale, and self-management sleep questionnaire were used to investigate the early health effects of occupational stress. Results: In these migrant workers, the detection rates of occupational stress with the types of high workload and effort-reward imbalance were 69.8%(766/1 097) and 11.9%(131/1 097). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the workers who had occupational stress with the types of high workload and effort-reward imbalance had significantly higher risks of job burnout and depressive tendencies than those who did not have these two types of occupational stress (Penterprise. The workers who have occupational stress with the type of effort-reward imbalance have higher risks of job burnout and depressive tendencies than those who have occupational stress with the type of high workload.

  20. Urbanization of migrant workers%农民工市民化研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兆延

    2015-01-01

    The urbanization of rural migrant workers is the social development trend, is an important issue of the urbanization process, is also the only way to fully into the modernization in China. The article summarizes the citizenization of peasant workers' citizenization of related definitions, the degree of measurement method, from the aspects of individuals, organizations and social analysis of the influence factors of the citizenization of migrant workers.%农民工市民化是社会发展趋势,是城市化进程的重要议题,也是我国全面进入现代化的必经之路.文章总结了农民工市民化的相关定义、市民化程度的测量方法,从个体、组织和社会方面分析了农民工市民化的影响因素.

  1. Health-related quality of life in two itinerant samples: carnival and migrant farm worker children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilanowski, Jill F

    2009-01-01

    The document Healthy People 2010 sets a national health care agenda that includes reducing health disparities and improving quality of life. This study evaluated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children aged 2 to 12 years being raised in two itinerant populations: traveling carnival children (n=33) and migrant farm worker children (n=48), and compared their outcomes to each other and to findings in published literature. The study sample utilized cluster sampling from outdoor amusement companies (carnivals) and agricultural farms who agreed for the researcher to enter their premises and speak with their workers. The PedsQL Generic Core Scales, including a child self-report and parent-proxy, measured HRQOL. HRQOL of the itinerant children did not differ from that of a more geographically stable California sample. The carnival children's mean scores were higher than the migrant farm worker children's scores on 7 out of 12 subscales, but the differences were not statistically significant.

  2. THE MIGRANT WORKER AND LEGISLATIVE PROTECTION. A DISCUSSION OF THE SOUTH AFRICA EXPERIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chux G. Iwu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Within the context of this paper, a migrant is defined as an asylum seeker, a refugee, a legal and or an illegal immigrant. Labour migration in South Africa has received little attention due to concerns with immigration, which are regarded as far more immediate and pressing. This consideration and others provide the impetus for this paper, which in the opinion of the authors adds to the growing concern over the issues of xenophobia and incidences of maltreatment of African immigrants in South Africa, especially against the background of the bold posture of South Africa’s constitution as the most promising constitution in the world. One must note that South Africa’s independence in 1994 and the prospects of a booming economy in a democratic setting unleashed a floodgate for immigration into the Republic from a variety of countries in Africa including Eastern Europe. This paper finds that despite narratives that tend to argue that migrant workers are deficiently protected in South Africa, evidence suggests that their rights within and outside of the workplace are indeed under the veil of protection by the legislation and the courts. Nonetheless, we are of the opinion that more interventions need to be in place, especially with regard to mitigating the levels of exploitation of migrant workers. This and many other recommendations have been put forward considering that migrant workers are susceptible to exploitation.

  3. Seroepidemiology of infection with Toxoplasma gondii in migrant agricultural workers living in poverty in Durango, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarado-Esquivel, Cosme; Campillo-Ruiz, Federico; Liesenfeld, Oliver

    2013-04-20

    Migrant agricultural workers are a group of people living in poverty with poor housing, sanitary conditions and hygiene practices. Little is known about the epidemiology of infection with Toxoplasma gondii in migrant agricultural workers. We investigated the presence of anti-Toxoplasma IgG and IgM antibodies in 173 migrant workers hired for seasonal agricultural work in Durango State in northern Mexico using enzyme-linked immunoassays. Of the 173 migrant workers (mean age 34.82 ± 14.01 years), 50 (28.9%) had anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies and 36 (20.8%) had anti-Toxoplasma IgM antibodies. Seroprevalence was not influenced by gender, age, birth place, or educational level. In contrast, seroprevalence was significantly higher in workers residing in rural areas than those in urban or suburban areas. Migrant workers suffering from memory impairment, dizziness, or syncope had significantly higher seroprevalence of anti-T. gondii IgG antibodies than those without such clinical features. Logistic regression analysis showed that T. gondii exposure was positively associated with consumption of unwashed raw vegetables (OR = 2.39; 95% CI: 1.06-5.35; P = 0.03) and low frequency of eating out of home (OR = 3.87; 95% CI: 1.43-10.42; P = 0.007), and negatively associated with national trips (OR = 0.30; 95% CI: 0.13-0.65; P = 0.003) and consumption of raw milk (OR = 0.40; 95% CI: 0.18-0.87; P = 0.02). Other behavioral characteristics including consumption of meat or untreated water were not associated with T. gondii infection. This is the first report of T. gondii infection in internal migrant agricultural workers living in poverty. Results deserve further investigation of causal relations between clinical symptoms and infection, and may be useful for optimal planning of preventive measures.

  4. Trends in loss to follow-up among migrant workers on antiretroviral therapy in a community cohort in Lesotho.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Bygrave

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The provision of antiretroviral therapy (ART to migrant populations raises particular challenges with respect to ensuring adequate treatment support, adherence, and retention in care. We assessed rates of loss to follow-up for migrant workers compared with non-migrant workers in a routine treatment programme in Morjia, Lesotho. DESIGN: All adult patients (≥18 years initiating ART between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2008, and followed up until the end of 2009, were included in the study. We described rates of loss to follow-up according to migrant status by Kaplan-Meier estimates, and used Poisson regression to model associations between migrant status and loss to follow-up controlling for potential confounders identified a priori. RESULTS: Our cohort comprised 1185 people, among whom 12% (148 were migrant workers. Among the migrant workers, median age was 36.1 (29.6-45.9 and the majority (55% were male. We found no statistically significant differences between baseline characteristics and migrant status. Rates of lost to follow up were similar between migrants and non-migrants in the first 3 months but differences increased thereafter. Between 3 and 6 months after initiating antiretroviral therapy, migrants had a 2.78-fold increased rate of defaulting (95%CI 1.15-6.73; between 6 and 12 months the rate was 2.36 times greater (95%CI 1.18-4.73, whereas after 1 year the rate was 6.69 times greater (95%CI 3.18-14.09. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the need for programme implementers to take into account the specific challenges that may influence continuity of antiretroviral treatment and care for migrant populations.

  5. The Effects of Problem Drinking and Sexual Risk Among Mexican Migrant Workers on Their Community of Origin

    OpenAIRE

    Duke, Michael R.; Francisco J. Gómez Carpinteiro

    2009-01-01

    Although the financial remittances sent by male Mexican migrant workers residing in the United States can result in higher standards of living for their families and home communities, out-migration may lead to increased migrant problem drinking and sexual risk behaviors, which may in turn impact these same communities of origin. Based on semi-structured interviewing (n=60) and participant observation in a migrant sending community in central Mexico and a receiving community in the Northeaster...

  6. The mental health of children of migrant workers in Beijing: the protective role of public school attendance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Qin; Li, Hong; Zou, Hong; Cross, Wendi; Bian, Ran; Liu, Yan

    2015-08-01

    The present study aims to understand the mental health status of an understudied group of migrant children - children of migrant workers in China. A total of 1,466 children from Beijing participated in the study that compared migrant children (n = 1,019) to their local peers (n = 447) in public and private school settings. Results showed that overall, migrant children reported more internalizing and externalizing mental health problems and lower life satisfaction than local peers. However, public school attendance served as a protective factor for migrant children's mental health. The mental health status of migrant children attending public schools, including externalizing problems as well as friend and school satisfaction, was not different from local children. In addition, our data indicates that the protective effect of public school attendance for migrant children may be even more salient among girls than boys, and for younger children than older children.

  7. Mental health, duration of unemployment, and coping strategy: a cross-sectional study of unemployed migrant workers in eastern china during the economic crisis

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    Chen Li

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background 20 million migrant workers in China lost their jobs during the economic crisis of 2008. Both urban migration and unemployment have long been documented to be associated with vulnerability to mental problems. This study aims to examine the mental health of unemployed migrant workers in Eastern China and its relation to duration of unemployment and coping strategy during the recent economic crisis. Methods The data were collected through interview-based survey with a sample of 210 unemployed migrant workers in Zhejiang Province of China from 2008 to 2009. Symptom Checklist-90-Revised, Coping Strategies Questionnaire, and seven short demographic questions were used. Results The majority of the unemployed migrant workers were found to be young male manufacturing industry workers with short-term unemployment and a relatively low education level. Nearly 50% of unemployed migrant workers were classified as mentally unhealthy and the most frequently reported symptom was depression. Compared with the adult norm of 1986, 2003, and 2007 in China, unemployed migrants had more mental problems. Long-term unemployed migrant workers had more psychiatric symptoms than the short-term unemployed workers and employed migrant workers. Unemployed migrant workers with immature coping strategies expressed significantly more psychiatric symptoms than those with mixed and mature coping strategies. Duration of unemployment and two coping strategies, problem-solving and self-blaming, predicted the mental problems of unemployed migrant workers. Conclusions The results indicated that mental health status of unemployed migrant workers in Eastern China was poorer than the national adult norm. More psychiatric symptoms are evidenced among unemployed migrant workers who lost their jobs for a long term and who had immature coping strategies. These findings can be used for prevention and intervention of mental illness among unemployed migrant workers.

  8. Characteristics and determinants of sexual behavior among adolescents of migrant workers in Shangai (China

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    Xu Gang

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background China is facing a critical challenge of rapid and widespread human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS increase. Rural-to-urban migration plays a crucial role in shifting the HIV/sexual transmitted infection (STI epidemic. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of sexual behaviors and the correlates among the early adolescents of migrant workers in China. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in 10 junior high schools from April to June of 2008. A total of 2821 adolescents aged 14.06 ± 0.93 years (8.9% of migrant workers vs. 91.1% of general residents participated in the survey. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect information on knowledge, attitude, and behaviors associated with increased risk for HIV/STI. Results The percentage of adolescents who ever had sexual intercourse or had sexual intercourse in last three months was 7.2% and 4.3% in adolescents of migrant workers, respectively; in contrast, 4.5% and 1.8% in their peers of general residents, respectively. 47.3% adolescents of migrant workers and 34.3% of those adolescents of general residents reported no condom use in sexual intercourse during last three months. Multivariate logistic regression analyses found that migration was a independent risk factor for sexual intercourse in last three months in our sampled adolescents (odds ratio [OR] = 1.23, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01–1.72. In adolescents of migrant workers, factors such as lower family income (OR: 2.22, CI: 1.09–3.05 for low level; OR:1.25, CI: 1.04–1.59 for medium level, younger age at first sexual intercourse (OR: 1.24, CI: 1.09–1.57, lower knowledge on HIV/AIDS (OR: 0.93, CI: 0.90–0.97, and fewer communication on HIV/AIDS related issues (OR: 0.79, CI: 0.90–0.97 were related to sexual intercourse in last three months. Conclusion Based on these results, we advocated that heightened concerns targeting the

  9. Overview of Researches on Social Capital,Human Capital and Social Integration of New Generation Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenjing; LUAN; Honghong; LU; Yulin; TONG; Danna; LU

    2013-01-01

    With urbanization and socio-economic development,new generation migrant workers play an increasingly important role in urban construction. However,for a long time,their social integration situation in inflow places is not ideal. Academic circle has done a lot of researches,but no effective strategy is so far put forward. Through analysis of domestic and foreign researches,it is found that social capital and human capital have an important influence on social integration of new generation migrant workers. This paper takes this as starting point,combines characteristics of new generation migrant workers,and overviews theories and empirical researches of domestic and foreign famous scholars,to explore the relationship between social capital and human capital and social integration of new generation migrant workers.

  10. Education Demand of New Generation Minority Migrant Workers in Kunming City and Survey of its Influence Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on the questionnaire survey for 431 new generation minority migrant workers in Kunming City,we carried out empirical research on education demands of these migrant workers and its influence factors.Survey results show that their education demands have significant features in learning purposes,contents,expenses,willingness,and manners,which are subject to subjective mentality,economic income,social relation network,as well as shortage in social supply of education and training.Therefore,apart from solving training problem of new generation minority migrant workers,government should also highly value their demands of training and arouse their enthusiasm for participation in training in accordance with cultural and psychological characteristics and living environment of these migrant workers.

  11. Circular Migration by Mexican Female Sex Workers Who are Injection Drug Users: Implications for HIV in Mexican Sending Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojeda, Victoria D.; Burgos, José Luis; Hiller, Sarah P.; Lozada, Remedios; Rangel, Gudelia; Vera, Alicia; Artamonova, Irina; Rodriguez, Carlos Magis

    2013-01-01

    Background Circular migration and injection drug use increase the risk of HIV transmission in sending communities. We describe female sex workers who are injection drug users’ (FSW-IDUs) circular migration and drug use behaviors. Methods Between 2008-2010, 258 migrant FSW-IDUs residing in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico responded to questionnaires. Results 24% of FSW-IDUs were circular migrants. HIV prevalence was 3.3% in circular migrants and 6.1% in non-circular migrants; 50% of circular and 82% of non-circular migrants were unaware of their HIV infection. Among circular migrants, 44% (n=27) consumed illicit drugs in their birthplace; 70% of these (n=20) injected drugs and one-half of injectors shared injection equipment in their birthplace. Women reporting active social relationships were significantly more likely to return home. Discussion Circular migrant FSW-IDUs exhibit multiple HIV risks and opportunities for bridging populations. Regular HIV testing and treatment and access to substance use services is critical for FSW-IDUs and their sexual/drug-using contacts. PMID:21833727

  12. The Roles of Thai Labor Solidarity Committee and Alliances on the Movement for the Protection of Migrant Workers in Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Surawanna, Tassanee

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative research was aimed to study the movement of Thai Labor Solidarity Committee (TLSC) and its alliances on the protection of migrant workers in Thailand. In this research, TLSC's structure was examined as well as its strategies on the protection of migrant workers. There was the evaluation of those strategies in order to understand the impacts in different level. Data was collected from the in-dept interviews with 21 key representatives from the leading actors of TLSC, Thai work...

  13. Organizational dissent and workplace freedom of speech : a qualitative study of young professional intra-urban migrant workers in Shanghai

    OpenAIRE

    Zeng, Cheng

    2014-01-01

    Chinese economy reform triggered the largest domestic labor migration in human history. These 150 million migrant workers are treated as second-rate citizens in urban cities because of the discriminatory household registration system: Hukou. Previous studies have predominantly focused on blue-collar migrants while the professional workers, the potential permanent city dwellers, received little attention. This study attempts to fill this gap by exploring the perception of workplace freedom and...

  14. Dermatological and respiratory problems in migrant construction workers of Udupi, Karnataka

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    Mayuri Banerjee

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: India being a developing country has tremendous demand of physical infrastructure and construction work as a result there is a raising demand of construction workers. Workers in construction industry are mainly migratory and employed on contract or subcontract basis. These workers face temporary relationship between employer and employee, uncertainty in working hours, contracting and subcontracting system, lack of basic continuous employment, lack basic amenities, and inadequacy in welfare schemes. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of respiratory and dermatological symptoms among migratory construction workers. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Manipal, Karnataka, among 340 male migratory construction workers. A standard modified questionnaire was used as a tool by the interviewer and the physical examination of the workers was done by a physician. The statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 15.0. Result: Eighty percent of the workers belong to the age group of 18–30 years. The mean age of the workers was 26 ± 8.2 years. Most (43.8% of the workers are from West Bengal followed by those from Bihar and Jharkhand. The rates of prevalence of respiratory and dermatological symptoms were 33.2% and 36.2%, respectively. Conclusion: The migrant construction workers suffer from a high proportion of respiratory and dermatological problems.

  15. HIV-Risk Behavior Among the Male Migrant Factory Workers in a North Indian City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdulkader, Rizwan Suliankatchi; Goswami, Kiran; Rai, Sanjay K; Misra, Puneet; Kant, Shashi

    2015-01-01

    Male migrants act as a bridge for transmitting infection from core risk groups to general population and hence this group becomes essential for the HIV control program. Migrant workers constitute a large proportion of workforce in India and HIV/AIDS epidemic in them would cause huge economic losses. The aim of this study was to ascertain the HIV-risk behavior among male migrant factory workers. This was a cross-sectional facility based survey conducted in 2011. Male migrant workers aged ≥18 years, who were born outside Haryana, who had moved to current location after 15 years of age, who had worked in the current factory for at least one year, who were willing to participate and able to give valid consent were eligible. A consecutive sampling was done. Descriptive, bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were done. A total of 755 male subjects completed the interview. About 21.5% had experienced non-spousal sexual intercourse in last one year. Nearly 60% did not use a condom at the last non-spousal sex. Factors associated with recent non-spousal sex were being unmarried, younger age at migration, recent migration to Haryana, greater number of places migrated and lesser total duration of migration and those associated with non-use of condom at the last non-spousal sex were older age, lower education, lesser number of places migrated and lower level of HIV/AIDS knowledge. Unprotected, recent non-spousal sex was common among male migrants, which could increase their HIV/AIDS vulnerability.

  16. HIV-Risk Behavior Among the Male Migrant Factory Workers in a North Indian City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Male migrants act as a bridge for transmitting infection from core risk groups to general population and hence this group becomes essential for the HIV control program. Migrant workers constitute a large proportion of workforce in India and HIV/AIDS epidemic in them would cause huge economic losses. Objectives: The aim of this study was to ascertain the HIV-risk behavior among male migrant factory workers. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional facility based survey conducted in 2011. Male migrant workers aged ≥18 years, who were born outside Haryana, who had moved to current location after 15 years of age, who had worked in the current factory for at least one year, who were willing to participate and able to give valid consent were eligible. A consecutive sampling was done. Descriptive, bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were done. Results: A total of 755 male subjects completed the interview. About 21.5% had experienced non-spousal sexual intercourse in last one year. Nearly 60% did not use a condom at the last non-spousal sex. Factors associated with recent non-spousal sex were being unmarried, younger age at migration, recent migration to Haryana, greater number of places migrated and lesser total duration of migration and those associated with non-use of condom at the last non-spousal sex were older age, lower education, lesser number of places migrated and lower level of HIV/AIDS knowledge. Conclusion: Unprotected, recent non-spousal sex was common among male migrants, which could increase their HIV/AIDS vulnerability.

  17. Female migrants in an urban setting -- the dimensions of spatial / physical adaptation. The case of Dhaka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huq-hussain, S

    1996-01-01

    This study determines the settlement and social adjustment patterns among female migrants in Dhaka. Data were obtained from a survey conducted among migrant households in selected slums of Dhaka during 1988-90. The sample covers three zones: old, central, and peripheral. It includes 399 migrant households, which were drawn randomly among 2.5% of the poor in the city's 75 wards. Findings include a description of initial settlement patterns, housing construction materials and the organization of housing, floor space, basic facilities, type of structure, ownership, monthly rent, women's role in housing construction, choice of location, and changes in location. Findings suggest that migrants initially experienced housing shortages. Women did not have much choice and settled in highly congested areas. Relatives and friends provided assistance upon arrival. Most arrivals lived in high-density spaces with few amenities. The close contact and use of communal facilities fostered social adjustment and knowledge of urban living patterns. Length of migrant stay was associated with better housing conditions in the type of structure, access to utilities, and floor space. Long-term migrants had greater mobility and choice in housing. New migrants faced exploitation in rents and eviction problems. 63% of migrants lived in rental houses, and 37% lived rent-free. Monthly rent accounted for about 25% of total family income; food accounted for another 20%. Almost 25% of migrants lived in self-built structures on government land. 66% of slum housing was constructed of poor materials. 18% of slum dwellers lived in extremely poor housing of low height and built with flimsy materials. About 38% of slum population lived in bamboo sheds of normal height. 42% lived in tin shed structures. Most migrants lived in single-room bamboo structures.

  18. Social Security for China’s Migrant Workers – Providing for Old Age

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    Andrew Watson

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of “migrant workers” derives from the household registration system of China’s planned economy period. The continued existence of that system conflicts with the development of an integrated labour market. The current social security system, based on household registration and a large number of local pools, discriminates against migrant workers because of their mobility and the lack of mechanisms to transfer benefits between pools. As a result, migrants have made major contributions to China’s economic development but do not get the same benefits as urban residents. Faced with this challenge, China’s government has begun to introduce policy reforms to improve social security for migrants. This article explores this development through a focus on old-age insurance. It analyses the special needs of migrants, the obstacles facing policy development and the proposed solutions. It argues that social justice and social equity require the development of a system that treats all citizens equally, and that the logic of an integrated labour market will ultimately require a unified national system of old-age insurance.

  19. Drafting an International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Their Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hune, S

    1987-01-01

    The open-ended Working Group (WG) completed its 3rd session of the 2nd reading on the Elaboration of an International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Their Families during September 24-October 3, 1986 in New York. In this session, the WG elaborated a "dictionary" of terms related to the migrant worker and members of the family of the migrant worker that, when ratified, will be viewed as international standards. The WG also approved 8 articles primarily relating to civil and political rights. These included articles regarding the rights of migrant workers and their families to 1) leave any State, including their State of origin; 2) life; 3) be excluded from forced or compulsory labor except under specific conditions; 4) the freedom of thought, conscience, and religion; 5) hold opinions without interference and the freedom of expression, subject only to certain restrictions; and 6) liberty and security of person. The Convention's intention was to ensure the application of human rights to migrant workers. There were nearly 60 participating states in attendance, with 1/3 of them from African states. African and Arab states played a very active role in the discussions. The number of women delegates has increased with each session. Future issues include 1) economic and cultural rights, and 2) the additional rights of migrant workers and their families in a regular situation of lawful status.

  20. Risky sexual behaviors: The role of ethnic identity in HIV risk in migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shehadeh, Nancy; McCoy, H Virginia

    2014-01-01

    Migrant workers have been shown to be at a heightened level of risk for HIV, and ethnic identity has been posited to have an impact on engagement in risky sexual behaviors. Our longitudinal study examined associations between baseline and short-term changes in ethnic identity and high-risk sexual behaviors. Baseline (n = 431) and 6-month assessment (n = 270) data were obtained from a larger HIV prevention study conducted among African American and Hispanic migrant workers. Repeated-measures multivariate analysis of covariance and multiple linear regressions were used. Ethnic identity explore, a subscale of ethnic identity, was a significant predictor of overall sexual risk [F(8, 422) = 6.953, p < .001] and unprotected vaginal acts [F(8, 422) = 8.444, p < .001] at baseline. However, ethnic identity had no bearing on changes in risky sexual behaviors. Ethnic identity explore was associated with safer sexual behaviors.

  1. Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk Behaviors in a Migrant Worker Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCoy, H Virginia; Shehadeh, Nancy; Rubens, Muni

    2016-06-01

    There are not many studies exploring the association between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviors among migrant workers. This study analyzed how changes in alcohol use was associated with changes in risky sexual behavior and psychosocial variables. Data for this study was drawn from an HIV risk reduction project. Repeated measures ANOVA and Linear mixed model statistical method was conducted to find changes and association between alcohol use, sexual risk and psychosocial variables over time. The sample (n = 203) was composed of African Americans (33.0 %) and Hispanics (77.0 %) men. Both groups, over time, showed reduction in sexual risk in accordance with reduction in alcohol use. Changes in alcohol use and psychosocial variables showed significant association with sexual risk changes over time. Psychological strategies like building social support should be considered for HIV risk reduction intervention directed towards high alcohol consuming migrant workers.

  2. Migrant workers’ occupation and healthcare-seeking preferences for TB-suspicious symptoms and other health problems: a survey among immigrant workers in Songkhla province, southern Thailand

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    Naing Tinzar

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Much of the unskilled and semi-skilled workforce in Thailand comprises migrant workers from neighbouring countries. While, in principle, healthcare facilities in the host country are open to those migrants registered with the Ministry of Labour, their actual healthcare-seeking preferences and practices, as well as those of unregistered migrants, are not well documented. This study aimed to describe the patterns of healthcare-seeking behaviours of immigrant workers in Thailand, emphasizing healthcare practices for TB-suspicious symptoms, and to identify the role of occupation and other factors influencing these behaviours. Methods A survey was conducted among 614 immigrant factory workers (FW, rubber tappers (RT and construction workers (CW, in which information was sought on socio-demography, history of illness and related healthcare-seeking behaviour. Mixed effects logistic regression modeling was employed in data analysis. Results Among all three occupations, self-medication was the most common way of dealing with illnesses, including the development of TB-suspicious symptoms, for which inappropriate drugs were used. Only for GI symptoms and obstetric problems did migrant workers commonly seek healthcare at modern healthcare facilities. For GI illness, FW preferred to attend the in-factory clinic and RT a private facility over government facilities owing to the quicker service and greater convenience. For RT, who were generally wealthier, the higher cost of private treatment was not a deterrent. CW preferentially chose a government healthcare facility for their GI problems. For obstetric problems, including delivery, government facilities were utilized by RT and CW, but most FW returned to their home country. After adjusting for confounding, having legal status in the country was associated with overall greater use of government facilities and being female and being married with use of both types of modern healthcare

  3. The Migrant Workers in Japan from Latin America and Asia: Causes and Consequences

    OpenAIRE

    Junichi Goto

    2000-01-01

    The world has been increasingly interconnected both economically and politically ever since the end of the World War II. In addition to the increase in the movement of goods (international trade) and the movement of money (foreign investment), we have observed increased amount of movement of labor (international migration) in various parts of the world. For example, European countries, notably Germany and France, have accepted a large number of migrant workers from neighboring countries for m...

  4. The Financial Planning and Financial Literacy of ex-Malaysia Indonesian Migrant Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Rayenda Khresna Brahmana; Ritzky Karina Brahmana

    2016-01-01

    Indonesian migrant workers (IMW) face life difficulties after returning back to Indonesia. This is a contrary condition considering their contribution to their home family in Indonesia while working abroad. Literature mentions that their financial planning is the root of the poverty of ex-IMW. Therefore, this research adopts literacy theory to explain this phenomenon. This research conducted a survey among 548 ex-IMW and measures their financial literacy and financial planning. This resear...

  5. The construction of an urban underclass : a cultural study of Chinese rural-urban migrant workers

    OpenAIRE

    Ng, Ting; 吳婷

    2015-01-01

    Sitting on the throne of the world’s second largest economy, China’s swift turnaround has surprised both international and internal audiences. However, few have truly questioned the human costs that the country has endured to achieve such glory. The exploitation and oppression of rural-urban migrant workers are the main human costs that paved the way for the country’s wealth and prosperity. This thesis intends to differentiate from previous studies, which generally discuss the topic of rural-...

  6. Self-medication practices among a sample of Latino migrant workers in South Florida

    OpenAIRE

    Jesus eSanchez

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Although the literature on self-medication among Latino migrant workers (LMWs) is sparse, a few existing studies indicate that this practice is common in this community. The purpose of this paper is to estimate health status, access to health care, and patterns of self-medication practices of a cohort of LMWs in South Florida.Methods: A stratified network-based sample was utilized to recruit 278 LMWs in the Homestead area. After screening for eligibility, participants were ad...

  7. Health-Related Quality of Life In Two Itinerant Samples: Carnival and Migrant Farm Worker Children

    OpenAIRE

    KILANOWSKI, JILL F.

    2009-01-01

    The document Healthy People 2010 sets a national health care agenda that includes reducing health disparities and improving quality of life. This study evaluated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children aged 2 to 12 years being raised in two itinerant populations: traveling carnival children (n = 33) and migrant farm worker children (n = 48), and compared their outcomes to each other and to findings in published literature. The study sample utilized cluster sampling from outdoor amu...

  8. The association between social resources and depression among female migrants affected by domestic violence

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    Pan Teng

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Interpersonal violence (IPV is associated with higher risk of depression. Female Chinese rural-to-urban migrants may experience greater depression following exposure to IPV due to lack of social support and integration within their receiving communities. The current study estimated the prevalence of IPV among rural-to-urban migrants in Guangzhou, China, and evaluated the moderating effects of social resources on migrant's depression symptoms. Method: We recruited 1,368 women (1,003 migrants and 365 local-born of childbearing age from population and family planning centers in two districts using a quota sampling method matched to the 2012 population census. Chinese versions of the Conflict Tactics Scale 2 Short Form, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Social Support Rating Scale measured IPV, depression, and social support. Social integration was measured with a locally derived scale. Results: Migrants reported a similar prevalence for IPV (41.20% to local women (39.20%. Bivariate comparisons demonstrated that migrants reported greater depression (11.8±8.9 vs. 10.0±8.8, t=−3.27, p<0.001 and less social support (22.2±5.1 vs. 27.1±5.5, t=14.84, p<0.001. Regression analysis indicated that the effect of violence on depression symptoms for migrant women was moderated by social integration. Women who experienced violence and had greater integration in their community reported less depression than women who experienced violence but reported less social integration. Conclusion: A high prevalence of IPV was reported in our sample. Social integration is a key risk factor for migrant mental health. Social services aimed to reduce IPV and integrate migrants in their new communities are needed.

  9. Work stress, life stress, and smoking among rural–urban migrant workers in China

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    Cui Xiaobo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Stimulated by rapid modernization and industrialization, there is massive rural–urban migration in China. The migrants are highly susceptible to smoking and mental health problems. This study examined the association between both perceived work stress and perceived life stress with smoking behavior among this group during the period of migration. Methods Participants (n = 1,595 were identified through stratified, multi-stage, systematic sampling. Smoking status separated non-smokers from daily and occasional smokers, and migration history, work stress, and life stress were also measured. Analyses were conducted using the Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression. Two models were utilized. The first was the full model that comprised sociodemographic and migration-related characteristics, as well as the two stress variables. In addressing potential overlap between life and work stress, the second model eliminated one of the two stress variables as appropriate. Results Overall smoking prevalence was 64.9% (95% CI: 62.4-67.2%. In the regression analysis, under the full model, migrants with high perceived life stress showed a 45% excess likelihood to be current smokers relative to low-stress counterparts (OR: 1.45; 95% CI: 1.05 – 2.06. Applying the second model, which excluded the life stress variable, migrants with high perceived work stress had a 75% excess likelihood to be current smokers relative to opposites (OR: 1.75; 95% CI: 1.26–2.45. Conclusions Rural–urban migrant workers manifested a high prevalence of both life stress and work stress. While both forms of stress showed associations with current smoking, life stress appeared to outweigh the impact of work stress. Our findings could inform the design of tobacco control programs that would target Chinese rural–urban migrant workers as a special population.

  10. Agribusiness, Corporate Social Responsibility, and Health of Agricultural Migrant Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega, María Isabel; Sabo, Samantha; Aranda Gallegos, Patricia; De Zapien, Jill Eileen Guernsey; Zapien, Antonio; Portillo Abril, Gloria Elena; Rosales, Cecilia

    2016-01-01

    Living conditions and health of migrant farmworkers could benefit from a health promotion model based on corporate social responsibility (CSR). To understand how Mexican agribusiness owners and general managers view and practice CSR. We interviewed 8 agribusiness owners/managers and 233 farmworkers using open-ended interviews and gathered anthropometrical data of 133 children from farmworkers families. To guide our analysis and discussion, we followed the two-dimension model of CSR proposed by Quazi and O'Brien. According to interviewee responses, mean percentage of agreement with CSR concept was 77.4%, with a range of 54-85.7%. Main health-related issues among farmworkers were infectious diseases, crowding, and access to health-care services; there were acute cases of undernutrition among farmworkers' children and diets were of poor quality. Agribusiness owners and managers understand and practice CSR according to a wide and modern view, which contradicts with farmworkers' living conditions and health. Quazi and O'Brien model should consider the social context, in which it is analyzed, and the social manifestations of community development as a tool for further analysis on the perceptions and actions of entrepreneurs.

  11. Conundrums in the legal protection of migrant workers' health rights and relative resolutions: implications from the case of Tseng Hei-tao.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Kai

    2013-08-01

    The deteriorating situation of migrant workers' health rights protection was once again highlighted in the case of Tseng Hei-tao. This case explicitly and implicitly showed that four conundrums--the Employment Restriction Conundrum, the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Legal Conundrum, the Morality Conundrum and the Identity Conundrum--are barriers to migrant workers' right protection. The health rights of migrant workers could be safeguarded by abolishing the outdated household registration system designed in the planned economy era, improving the rule of law, and strengthening administrative supervisions. This would fundamentally remove these barriers and thus contribute to migrant workers' health rights protection.

  12. Health problems among migrant construction workers: A unique public-private partnership project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balkrishna B Adsul

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Construction sector is a booming industry and involves many hazardous activities. Migrant labor in the industry is susceptible to various health and occupational hazards. In a unique public-private partnership project, a medical team from a public sector teaching hospital in Mumbai provided comprehensive on-site health care services to the construction workers of a private construction company. Objective: To study socio-demographic profile and morbidity pattern of construction workers. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study at construction site Vidyavihar (West, Mumbai, was carried out over the period of May to November 2010. Materials and Methods: A medical team provided comprehensive on-site health care services, and a Health Card was devised to maintain the record of socio-demographic, occupational details, and complete physical examination findings of the workers who participated in the study. Statistical Analysis Used: Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 15.0. Results: Of the 1337 workers (all males examined, 1289 (96.4% belonged to 15-45 years age group. The mean age of the workers was 26.25 ± 8.49 years. A third of the migrants belonged to West Bengal. The average number of health problems in the workers was 1.41. Regular consumers of tobacco and alcohol were 50.48 and 14.65%, respectively. Nearly one-fifth of the workers had febrile illness, of which 20.71% had suspected malaria; 12.6% had respiratory infections, while 3.4% were found to have hypertension. There was a statistically significant association (P < 0.05 between type of occupation and morbidity status.

  13. Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction for Detection of Gastrointestinal Pathogens in Migrant Workers in Qatar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphrey, John M; Ranbhise, Sanjay; Ibrahim, Emad; Al-Romaihi, Hamad E; Farag, Elmoubasher; Abu-Raddad, Laith J; Glesby, Marshall J

    2016-12-07

    The causes of infectious diarrhea among the migrant worker population in Qatar are not well understood. We conducted a prospective observational study to understand the demographic and clinical characteristics and infectious causes of diarrhea among migrant workers in Doha, Qatar. A total of 126 male workers presenting to the Qatar Red Crescent Worker's Health Center outpatient clinic or emergency department were studied over a 5-month period in 2015-2016. Epidemiologic surveys were administered to all subjects and the prevalence of 22 different stool pathogens was determined using multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (FilmArray(®) Gastrointestinal PCR). A target pathogen was identified in 62.7% of subjects. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli was the most prevalent pathogen and was detected in 24.6% of subjects, followed by Salmonella (22.2%), enteroaggregative E. coli (15.1%), Giardia lamblia (9.5%), and enterotoxigenic E. coli (8.7%). Multiple pathogens were identified in 49.3% of positive stool samples. In a multivariable analysis, the presence of a heart rate ≥ 90 (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 3.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.4-10.0) and > 5 fecal leukocytes/high-power field (adjusted OR = 2.8, 95% CI = 1.2-7.0) were significant predictors of detecting an acute inflammatory pathogen by PCR. Use of multiplex PCR enabled the detection of gastrointestinal pathogens in a high proportion of cases, illustrating the utility of this diagnostic tool in epidemiologic studies of infectious diarrhea.

  14. Relationships between elderly care recipients and their migrant live-in home care workers in Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porat, Irit; Iecovich, Esther

    2010-01-01

    In Israel more than 54,000 immigrant live-in home care workers are providing personal care to frail elders. These home care workers emigrate from various countries and different cultures, speak other languages, and have other religions. The purposes of this study were: (a) to examine the patterns of the interpersonal relationships that develop between disabled elderly persons who were being cared for by migrant live-in home care workers, and (b) to explore the factors that best explain the patterns of these relationships. A convenience sample that included 100 frail elderly people was selected and respondents were face-to-face interviewed at their homes, using a structured questionnaire. The findings showed that the relationships that developed between migrant live-in home care workers and elderly care recipients were close and that language was not a significant barrier in establishing close relationships between them. Further, the findings showed that perceived similarity in personal qualities played the most significant role in determining the extent to which the relationships between them will be close. A similar cultural background such as ethnicity, and nonverbal and good understanding, rather than speaking a common language, were significant factors in facilitating close relationships.

  15. The ILO and the new UN convention on migrant workers: the past and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohning, R

    1991-01-01

    Migrant workers are less protected than nationals against the actions of states and employers. These workers therefore require special global protection of their rights while employed in countries other than their own. Accordingly, the UN International Labor Organization (ILO) is constitutionally charged with developing international measures to protect the interests of migrant workers from developing countries. The ILO, however, had little involvement in molding the International Convention on the protection of the Rights of All Migrants Workers and Members of their Families, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1990. Instead, final adoption of the Convention stems largely from developing state dissatisfaction with the former 1975 ILO Migrant Workers Convention No. 143, and Mexican and Moroccan government machinations outside of the ILO in support of modifications. Convention No. 143 threatened to sever employment opportunities and hard foreign exchange remittances in North America and western Europe from illegally employed immigrant workers from developing countries. By working in the UN outside of the ILO, developing nations would enjoy automatic majority, and greater potential for success in reforming the Convention. Soon, developing nations squelched a delay tactic proffered by the Swedes, and succeeded in bringing the UN General Assembly to adopt resolution 34/172 in December 1979, which led to the establishment of an Open-Ended Working Group. This group then elaborated the 1990 Convention over 19 sessions. At the expense of the ILO and more developed nations, developing nations successfully challenged and changed the international order to benefit their peoples and national economies. Finally, the paper considers the interests of immigrant businesspeople and asylum seekers during or immediately upon entry to a foreign country, who are not specifically covered by the Convention. While the university of international humanitarian law suggests that

  16. Orderly Promotion of Migrant Workers in the Public-Based on Migrant Workers of Fuzhou%有序推进农民工市民化--以福州市农民工为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘德宏

    2016-01-01

    Migrant workers face many difficulties in the process of flow to the city. This poses a serious challenge to urban social order ,to public services in terms of occupation, to education and health care. The demand for migrant workers as the guide, strengthening employment services,gradually migrant workers into the government's public service system, guarantee the rights of migrant workers' children to receive education, helps to promote orderly migrant workers in an orderly manner.%农民工群体在流向城市过程中面临许多现实困难,对城市社会秩序的维护以及职业、教育和医疗等方面的公共服务提出了巨大的挑战。以农民工需求为导向,加强就业服务、逐步将农民工纳入政府公共服务体系、保障农民工随迁子女平等接受教育的权利等有助于有序推进农民工市民化。

  17. Supervisors and accomplices: extra-marital sex among migrant construction workers in Ha Noi, Viet Nam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thuy, Bui Thi Thanh; Kretchmar, Joshua

    2008-06-01

    This study examines the influence of social networks on the sexual relations of migrant construction workers in Ha Noi, Viet Nam. Research included observation and interviews with members of two different groups of workers. The first group, together with their employer (cai), came from the same village; the second group came from different villages. Of interest in the present study was how social relationships among workers and their employers influence extra-marital sexual activity. In the group where workers and their cai came from the same village of origin, fear of acquiring a bad reputation made these workers reluctant to seek sex services, since accounts of their behaviour were transmitted quickly home. In contrast, workers from the group who came from different villages often went out together to purchase sex. The absence of direct links to their villages of origin made it easier for these latter workers to conceal their activity. The implication of these findings for sexual safety and risk are discussed.

  18. The use and abuse of female domestic workers from Sri Lanka in Lebanon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-habib, L

    1998-03-01

    Women who migrate from Sri Lanka to become domestic workers in Lebanon face gender, class, and race discrimination that often results in abuse, yet the predicament of these women is largely ignored by local and international humanitarian and human rights agencies. Public consciousness about the plight of Asian domestic workers in the Persian Gulf region was raised in 1990 when domestic workers were repatriated in the wake of the Gulf War. In Lebanon, nearly half of the work permits granted to foreigners in 1997 were to women from Sri Lanka. This migration began in the 1970s and is sanctioned by the Sri Lanka government because of the economic benefits accruing from wages sent home by these women. Lebanese families procure domestic positions through an employment agency that arranges transportation and entry for the Sri Lankan women. These women, especially minors, often have to bribe Sri Lankan government agents to falsify travel documents. Upon arrival in Lebanon, the women have no support systems or job security. Most employment contracts last 3 years and pay $100/month with no benefits or protection from local labor laws. Domestic workers are made vulnerable by employers who withhold salaries or travel documents. Upon return to Sri Lanka, former domestic workers face social disapproval and marital problems. To redress this situation, the governments of sending and receiving countries must take action to protect female migrant workers, and nongovernmental organizations must publicize the plight of these women and take action to address the abuses they face.

  19. Meta-Analysis of the Mental Health of Chinese Migrant Workers%中国农民工心理健康状况元分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张波; 杨静; 杨阳

    2012-01-01

    对采用SCL-90量表进行农民工心理健康研究的14篇论文进行元分析。结果显示:农民工SCL-90总分高于全国成人常模(P〈0.001);男性农民工SCL-90总分低于女性(P〈0.001);人际敏感、抑郁、焦虑、偏执因子与发表年代方面差异有统计学意义(P〈0.05),焦虑因子与样本容量差异有统计学意义(P〈0.05),其余因子与发表年代、样本容量、研究质量差异无统计学意义。说明农民工心理健康状况不容乐观,女性农民工心理问题比男性严重;农民工SCL-90研究存在一定发表年代效应,但样本容量、研究质量对元分析的结果影响不大。%The paper collected research articles of SCL-90 scale on the mental health of migrant workers,and selected 14 for meta-analysis.The results showed that the migrant workers SCL-90 total score is significantly higher than that of the national adult norm(P0.001);Male migrant workers SCL-90 total score is significantly lower than that of women(P0.001);Interpersonal sensitivity,depression,anxiety,paranoid ideation were significantly associated with the publication years(P0.05),anxiety factor was significantly associated with the sample size(P0.05),other factors were not significantly associated with the publication years,sample size and study quality.The results illustrated that the mental health of migrant workers can not be optimistic,female migrant workers' psychological problems are more serious than men's;There are some published research effect in studies of mental health of migrant workers,but the sample size,study quality and results of the meta-analysis have little effect.

  20. Study on sexual and reproductive health behaviors of unmarried female migrants in China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    He, D.; Zhou, Y.; Ji, N.; Wu, S.; Wang, Z.; Decat, P.; Moyer, E.; Minkauskiene, M.; Pang, C.; Cheng, Y.

    2012-01-01

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to broadly assess the level of knowledge, attitude and behaviors related to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among unmarried female migrants in China. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted and a self-administered questionnaire was desig

  1. Choice Model and Influencing Factor Analysis of Travel Mode for Migrant Workers: Case Study in Xi’an, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the basic theory and methods of disaggregate choice model, the influencing factors in travel mode choice for migrant workers are analyzed, according to 1366 data samples of Xi’an migrant workers. Walking, bus, subway, and taxi are taken as the alternative parts of travel modes for migrant workers, and a multinomial logit (MNL model of travel mode for migrant workers is set up. The validity of the model is verified by the hit rate, and the hit rates of four travel modes are all greater than 80%. Finally, the influence of different factors affecting the choice of travel mode is analyzed in detail, and the inelasticity of each factor is analyzed with the elasticity theory. Influencing factors such as age, education level, and monthly gross income have significant impact on travel choice mode for migrant workers. The elasticity values of education degree are greater than 1, indicating that it on the travel mode choice is of elasticity, while the elasticity values of gender, industry distribution, and travel purpose are less than 1, indicating that these factors on travel mode choice are of inelasticity.

  2. Factors Influencing Learning Satisfaction of Migrant Workers in Korea with E-learning-Based Occupational Safety and Health Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Young Joo; Lee, Dongjoo

    2015-09-01

    E-learning-based programs have recently been introduced to the occupational safety and health (OSH) education for migrant workers in Korea. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the factors related to migrant workers' backgrounds and the instructional design affect the migrant workers' satisfaction with e-learning-based OSH education. The data were collected from the surveys of 300 migrant workers who had participated in an OSH education program. Independent sample t test and one-way analysis of variance were conducted to examine differences in the degree of learning satisfaction using background variables. In addition, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were conducted to examine relationships between the instructional design variables and the degree of learning satisfaction. There was no significant difference in the degree of learning satisfaction by gender, age, level of education, number of employees, or type of occupation, except for nationality. Among the instructional design variables, "learning content" (β = 0.344, p affected the degree of learning satisfaction most significantly, followed by "motivation to learn" (β = 0.293, p education for migrant workers may be an effective way to increase their safety knowledge and behavior if the accuracy, credibility, and novelty of learning content; strategies to promote learners' motivation to learn; and interactions with learners and instructors are systematically applied during the development and implementation of e-learning programs.

  3. On citizenization of Chinese migrant-worker%论中国农民工市民化问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢飞燕; 刘海军

    2011-01-01

    The issue of citizenization of the migrant workers has become one leading edge and hot spot about the problem of migrant workers in the academics, which is directly concerned with many social problems. The paper started from the concepts relevant with citizenization of the Chinese migrant-worker, and pointed out the problems which emerged in the progress of citizenization of the migrant workers, and offered a series of countermeasures to advance the progress of citizenization of the migrant workers.%农民工市民化是当前学界关于农民工课题研究的前沿和热点之一,其发展程度直接关涉很多社会问题的解决。从农民工市民化的相关概念界定入手,指出农民工市民化进程中存在的问题,并提出推进中国农民工市民化进程的一系列对策。

  4. HIV prevention among female sex workers in Africa | Scheibe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HIV prevention among female sex workers in Africa. ... SAHARA-J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS ... infections; harm reduction for substance use and psychosocial support services make up the recommended package of services.

  5. Reproductive disorders among male and female greenhouse workers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bretveld, R.W.; Hooiveld, M.; Zielhuis, G.A.; Pellegrino, A.; Rooij, I.A.L.M. van; Roeleveld, N.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate reproductive disorders in male and female greenhouse workers. In 2002, data were collected from 4872 Dutch greenhouse workers and 8133 referents through postal questionnaires with detailed questions on reproductive disorders of the most recent pregnancy, lifesty

  6. Reproductive disorders among male and female greenhouse workers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bretveld, R.W.; Hooiveld, M.; Zielhuis, G.A.; Pellegrino, A.; Rooij, I.A.L.M. van; Roeleveld, N.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate reproductive disorders in male and female greenhouse workers. In 2002, data were collected from 4872 Dutch greenhouse workers and 8133 referents through postal questionnaires with detailed questions on reproductive disorders of the most recent pregnancy,

  7. From Client to Pimp: Male Violence against Female Sex Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karandikar, Sharvari; Prospero, Moises

    2010-01-01

    The present study explores intimate partner violence (IPV) among female sex workers from the red-light area based in Mumbai, India. Using a grounded theory approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with ten sex workers to explore their experiences of IPV in the context of commercial sex work. Narratives were analyzed and themes constructed. A…

  8. Zunyi migrant workers basic situation investigation%遵义市农民工基本情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张理甫

    2014-01-01

    在遵义市两城区随机抽取300名农民工作为样本,从行业分布、性别分布、来源分布、文化程度、收入状况、劳动合同的签订、工作时间、工作环境等几个方面对遵义市农民工进行了调查,调查结果显示遵义市农民工的现状不容乐观,依靠农民工自身的力量来改善其生存状况是很困难的,国家和社会应当重视农民工的生存状况,尽快完善农民工社会保障制度,切实维护农民工的各项权益,使其真正融入城市,这样才能有效推动城市化进程。%In zhunyi city two randomly selected a sample of 300 migrant workers, from the industry distribution, gen-der distribution, source distribution, culture degree, income, labor contract signed, working hours, working environment in zhunyi the aspects of migrant workers were investigated, the results show that the status quo of migrant workers is not op-timistic, benefits rely on the power of the workers themselves to improve their living conditions is very difficult, the state and society should pay attention to the plight of the migrant workers, migrant workers social security system with perfect as soon as possible, to safeguard the rights and interests of migrant workers, the real into the city, so as to effectively pro-mote the urbanization process.

  9. Sexual risk behavior and type of sexual partners in transnational indigenous migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caballero-Hoyos, Ramiro; Villaseñor-Sierra, Alberto; Millán-Guerrero, Rebeca; Trujillo-Hernández, Benjamín; Monárrez-Espino, Joel

    2013-06-01

    Indigenous migrant workers (IMWs) have a high vulnerability to HIV and STDs due to poverty and marginalization. This study examined factors associated with sexual risk behavior (SRB) according to type of partner in transnational young male IMWs at a sugar cane agro-industrial complex in western Mexico. A total of 192 sexually active IMWs were recruited from four laborer shelters to participate in a sexual partner survey. The IMWs were interviewed about their sexual partners and practices over the last 12 months during which it emerged that they had had a total of 360 sexual partners. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to identify factors related to SRB in 222 main (spouse, mistress and girlfriend) and 138 casual partners (colleague, friend, casual encounter and sex worker). Results showed a significantly higher SRB score with casual partners. For the main partner regression model, prior exposure to HIV- and STD-preventive information and sexual intercourse with higher employment status partners (formal workers vs. self-employed in informal activities and unemployed) were associated with lower SRB scores, but if the sexual relations occurred in Mexico (vs. the U.S.), the SRB scores increased. For the casual partner model, the practice of survival sex (sex in exchange for basic needs), sexual relations in Mexico (vs. the U.S.), and being a circular migrant (person traveling for temporary work to return home when the contract is over) were related to higher SRB scores. Findings support the implementation of preventive interventions using different messages depending on the type of partners, main or casual, within the labor migrant context.

  10. Socio-demographic determinants of Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in migrant workers of Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahimin, Norhidayu; Lim, Yvonne A L; Ariffin, Farnaza; Behnke, Jerzy M; Basáñez, Maria-Gloria; Walker, Martin; Lewis, John W; Noordin, Rahmah; Abdullah, Khairul Anuar; Mohd Zain, Siti Nursheena

    2017-05-15

    The number of migrants working in Malaysia has increased sharply since the 1970's and there is concern that infectious diseases endemic in other (e.g. neighbouring) countries may be inadvertently imported. Compulsory medical screening prior to entering the workforce does not include parasitic infections such as toxoplasmosis. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection among migrant workers in Peninsular Malaysia by means of serosurveys conducted on a voluntary basis among low-skilled and semi-skilled workers from five working sectors, namely, manufacturing, food service, agriculture and plantation, construction and domestic work. A total of 484 migrant workers originating from rural locations in neighbouring countries, namely, Indonesia (n = 247, 51.0%), Nepal (n = 99, 20.5%), Bangladesh (n = 72, 14.9%), India (n = 52, 10.7%) and Myanmar (n = 14, 2.9%) were included in this study. The overall seroprevalence of T. gondii was 57.4% (n = 278; 95% CI: 52.7-61.8%) with 52.9% (n = 256; 95% CI: 48.4-57.2%) seropositive for anti-Toxoplasma IgG only, 0.8% (n = 4; 95% CI: 0.2-1.7%) seropositive for anti-Toxoplasma IgM only and 3.7% (n = 18; 95% CI: 2.1-5.4%) seropositive with both IgG and IgM antibodies. All positive samples with both IgG and IgM antibodies showed high avidity (> 40%), suggesting latent infection. Age (being older than 45 years), Nepalese nationality, manufacturing occupation, and being a newcomer in Malaysia (excepting domestic work) were positively and statistically significantly associated with seroprevalence (P food and fluids, thorough cooking of meat and better disposal of feline excreta from domestic pets.

  11. HIV-related risk among female migrants working in entertainment venues in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Wen; Operario, Don; Dong, Yanyan; Zaller, Nickolas; Song, Dandan; He, Huan; Tao, Haidong; Xia, Junrui; Zhang, Hongbo

    2014-06-01

    China has experienced a surge in internal migration during the past decade, and migrant populations have been identified as a high-risk group for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Young female migrants often find employment in entertainment venues (bars, karaoke parlors, and massage parlors) located in metropolitan cities, and sex work transactions frequently occur in these venues. We examined factors associated with risk for HIV, other STIs, and reproductive health challenges in a cross-sectional study of 358 young female migrants, ages 18-29, working in entertainment venues in a rapidly growing urban city in China. Results indicate high levels of behavioral risk for HIV and other STIs, low rates of HIV testing, and high prevalence of problem drinking and mental health problems, including recent depression symptoms and suicidal ideation. Factors associated with increased STIs and genitourinary tract infections included commercial sex work, early sexual debut, abortion history, illicit drug use, and anxiety. Factors associated with increased HIV testing included employment in an affluent entertainment venue, education level, knowledge about where to obtain free HIV tests, condom use, and general HIV/AIDS knowledge. Findings of this study highlight the insufficient coverage of current public health services to female migrants working in entertainment venues and call for more assertive prevention interventions to mitigate risk for sexual, reproductive, behavioral, and mental health problems in this mobile population.

  12. The CSR strategies of the MNCs to ensure the labor rights of migrant workers: the 2022 FIFA World Cup Project in Qatar : (The case study based on Migrant Workers of Bangladesh)

    OpenAIRE

    Farhad, Nandita; Slobodian, Nataliia

    2012-01-01

    Title: The CSR strategies of the MNCs to ensure the labor rights of migrant workers: the 2022 FIFA World Cup Project in Qatar (Case study based on Migrant Workers of Bangladesh)Authors: Nandita Farhad and Nataliia SlobodianSupervisor: Charles WoolfsonDate: May 30th, 2012Background: The Corporate social responsibility (CSR) became at the forefront of corporate strategy of many businesses. However, the area of human and labor rights as a part of CSR of the business is not deeply studied, especi...

  13. The Role of Information in the Realization of the Human Rights of Migrant Workers. Report of International Conference (Tampere, Finland, June 19-22, 1983). Publications Series B.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hujanen, Taisto, Ed.

    The speeches and papers presented in this conference report are concerned with the information needs of migrant workers and immigrants and the current provision of this information in the press, radio, television, and educational systems of host countries. National reports on the situation of migrant workers in 14 countries are presented,…

  14. Research on Features of Saving Behavior for Migrant Worker – Based on comparison and analysis of investigation data in three places

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenfeng Wu

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article investigated the migrant workers in Shenzhen, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Chengdu, Xiamen areas by questionnaires. The article explores the savings behavior characteristics of migrant workers by the data analysis. With the Econometrics model which investigated the essential factor of the degree and provided policy recommendations.

  15. Socio-economic Conditions of Tribal Female Workers of the Beauty Parlors in Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nargis Akhter

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The study highlights the socio-economic conditions of tribal female workers of the beauty parlors in Bangladesh. The study consists of 240 sample tribal female workers of the different beauty parlors situated in six divisional towns of Bangladesh and judgment sampling technique was used to select this sample. The study reveals that tribal women working at beauty parlor draw competitively higher salary than other tribal people; they live at a comparatively healthy physical environment provided by their owners. Majority of the respondents mentioned that their earnings have improved their economic condition significantly and more than half of them have past work experience of the same job. The tribal female workers of the beauty parlors in Bangladesh are not only generating income from the beauty parlors they are providing a valuable service to the new consumer society. The main stream society is not yet ready to provide this type of services. So, we should not treat this migrant community as temporary visitors rather we should treat them as indispensable and contributing factor of the social and economic development in Bangladesh. There should be initiative from the government of Bangladesh to inspect health; safety; welfare and other related issues of the beauty parlors in Bangladesh and take necessary actions in this regard. Finally, the future research directions are presented.

  16. Increasing the delivery of health care services to migrant farm worker families through a community partnership model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connor, Ann; Rainer, Laura P; Simcox, Jordan B; Thomisee, Karen

    2007-01-01

    The Farm Worker Family Health Program (FWFHP) is a 13-year community partnership model designed to increase delivery of health care services for migrant farm worker families. During a yearly 2-week immersion experience, 90 students and faculty members provide health care services, including physical examinations, health screenings, health education, physical therapy, and dental care for 1,000 migrant farm workers and migrant children. Students and faculty members gain a deeper appreciation of the health and social issues that migrant farm worker families face by providing health care services in the places where migrant families live, work, and are educated. Although the model is not unique, it is significant because of its sustained history, interdisciplinary collaboration among community and academic partners, mutual trust and connections among the partners, and the way the program is tailored to meet the needs of the population served. The principles of social responsibility and leadership frame the FWFHP experience. This community partnership model can be replicated by others working with at-risk populations in low-resource settings.

  17. Health-Related Quality of Life and Health Service Utilization in Chinese Rural-to-Urban Migrant Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chu-Hong Lu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The number of rural-to-urban migrant workers has been increasing rapidly in China over recent decades, but there is a scarcity of data on health-related quality of life (HRQOL and health service utilization among Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers in comparison to local urban residents. We aimed to address this question. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 2315 rural-to-urban migrant workers and 2347 local urban residents in the Shenzhen-Dongguan economic zone (China in 2013. Outcomes included HRQOL (measured by Health Survey Short Form 36 and health service utilization (self-reported. Results: Compared to local urban residents, rural-to-urban migrant workers had lower scores in all domains of HRQOL, and were more likely to report chronic illnesses (9.2% vs. 6.0%, adjusted OR = 1.62, 95% CI 1.28–2.04 and recent two-week morbidity (21.3% vs. 5.0%, adjusted OR = 5.41, 95% CI 4.26–6.88. Among individuals who reported sickness in the recent two weeks, migrant workers were much less likely to see a doctor (32.7% vs. 66.7%, adjusted OR = 0.21, 95% CI 0.13–0.36. Conclusions: Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers have lower HRQOL, much more frequent morbidity, but are also much less likely to see a doctor in times of sickness as compared to local urban residents, indicating the existence of significant unmet medical care needs in this population.

  18. Community attachment, neighborhood context, and sex worker use among Hispanic migrants in Durham, North Carolina, USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parrado, Emilio A; Flippen, Chenoa

    2010-04-01

    We build on social disorganization theory to formulate and test a hierarchical model of sex worker use among male Hispanic immigrants in the Durham, North Carolina area. The study considers both individual and neighborhood level dimensions of community organization as central factors affecting immigrants' exposure to sexual risks. At the individual level, we find support for the systemic model of community attachment, as time in the U.S. affects sex worker use, although the pattern is non-linear. At the neighborhood level we find that structural social disorganization, external social disorganization (or broken windows), and collective efficacy all correlate with sex worker use in the expected direction. In addition, we extend power-control theory to the community level to show that neighborhood gender imbalances are a central dimension of migrant men's heightened sex worker use, a factor not systematically considered in research on neighborhoods and health. When taken together, collective efficacy and gender imbalances stand out as central mediators between other dimensions of social disorder and sex worker use. Overall, we stress the importance of considering the neighborhood context of reception as an added dimension for understanding and improving immigrant health.

  19. Effects of health education for migrant females with psychosomatic complaints treated by general practitioners. A randomised controlled evaluation study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kocken, P.L.; Zwanenburg, E.J.-v.; Hoop, T.de

    2008-01-01

    Objective: : The effectiveness of use of migrant health educators in the general practitioners' care for female migrants with psychosomatic problems was evaluated to contribute to the improvement of the care for these patients. Methods: : A randomised controlled trial (RCT) design was used. A total

  20. Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction for Detection of Gastrointestinal Pathogens in Migrant Workers in Qatar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphrey, John M.; Ranbhise, Sanjay; Ibrahim, Emad; Al-Romaihi, Hamad E.; Farag, Elmoubasher; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Glesby, Marshall J.

    2016-01-01

    The causes of infectious diarrhea among the migrant worker population in Qatar are not well understood. We conducted a prospective observational study to understand the demographic and clinical characteristics and infectious causes of diarrhea among migrant workers in Doha, Qatar. A total of 126 male workers presenting to the Qatar Red Crescent Worker's Health Center outpatient clinic or emergency department were studied over a 5-month period in 2015–2016. Epidemiologic surveys were administered to all subjects and the prevalence of 22 different stool pathogens was determined using multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (FilmArray® Gastrointestinal PCR). A target pathogen was identified in 62.7% of subjects. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli was the most prevalent pathogen and was detected in 24.6% of subjects, followed by Salmonella (22.2%), enteroaggregative E. coli (15.1%), Giardia lamblia (9.5%), and enterotoxigenic E. coli (8.7%). Multiple pathogens were identified in 49.3% of positive stool samples. In a multivariable analysis, the presence of a heart rate ≥ 90 (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 3.7, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.4–10.0) and > 5 fecal leukocytes/high-power field (adjusted OR = 2.8, 95% CI = 1.2–7.0) were significant predictors of detecting an acute inflammatory pathogen by PCR. Use of multiplex PCR enabled the detection of gastrointestinal pathogens in a high proportion of cases, illustrating the utility of this diagnostic tool in epidemiologic studies of infectious diarrhea. PMID:27928081

  1. Citizenship of Migrant Workers%农民工公民权实现探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓斌

    2011-01-01

    Migrant Workers in China has become a special group,making a great contribution in economic prosperity and social progress,but they are put into a kind of disadvantage.Through the analysis of rights and responsibilities of migrant workers,and urban area o%农民工在我国已成为一个特殊的群体,他们在为经济的繁荣和社会的进步做出巨大贡献的同时,却集体性地陷入一种不利境地。通过对农民工权利与责任、城市地域的开放与精神上的闭合两个方面的分析后,认为农民工的尴尬生存状况主要源于公民权实现程度的不足。要从国人权利与责任的均衡意识、改革完善户籍等相关政策制度、构建全社会的信任等方面充分实现我国农民工的公民权。

  2. The labor market experience of female migrants: the case of temporary Mexican migration to the U.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kossoudji, S A; Ranney, S I

    1984-01-01

    This article, using a Mexican national survey, provides a profile of temporary Mexican female migrants in the US labor market. The usual association between occupational groups and wage rates does not hold up, with women in unskilled jobs averaging nearly the same wages as while collar women. The dramatic exception is private household workers, who earn less than 1/4 of the wage rates of other women. Although the distribution of wage rates across occupational groups for migrant women is not easily explained by schooling or potential work experience, wage rates seem to be positively correlated with marriage and childrearing. This is partly explained by the fact that married women are more likely to have the option of not working outside the home, and also that the labor market contacts provided by husbands may be helpful in securing more remunerative jobs. Migration networks make the region of origin in Mexico strongly correlate with wage rate variations across occupational groups for women. Although women are found to have more schooling, higher legal status, more US work experience and are more likely to come from regions with well developed migration networks than men, women average upto $7 less per day--a phenomenon largely explained by the labor market segmentation. A lack of legal status constrains women's job opportunities more than men's: over 90% of the women without entry permits are in the low paying private household sector, compared with less than 1/4 of those with some legal status. This connection between lack of proper legal status and low status jobs does not seem to prevent women from migrating illegally--more than 1/2 the women migrant studied had no legal status at all. This study concludes that women do not necessarily follow men in migration, and their labor market functions are quite distinct from those of men.

  3. PLIGHT OF FEMALE CONSTRUCTION WORKERS OF SURAT CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B L Chawada

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: With the rapid increase in construction sector, the number of female construction workers is increased. The problems of women worker is still not addressed adequately by health sector. Aims and objective: The present study is aimed to explore problems of female workers at construction sites in working environment and to document issues like gender bias, living conditions, vulnerability and slackness of health among female working in construction field. Methodology: This was a Cross sectional study conducted in May 2011in which all females working at the randomly selected construction site were enrolled. The pre-designed semi-structured questionnaire was prepared to study the participant’s response. In-depth interview technique was also used to strengthen the findings. Results: Total of 118 female construction workers participated in the study with mean age found to be 22 years with SD of 6 years. Mean daily wages of female was 120 Rs while for male it was 245 Rs which is double than what female getting. Major health complaints were fatigue/weakness (61 %, backache (30 %, cough (17.5 %, fever (17 %, skin itching (10.5 % and diarrhoea (7 %. They were not even using the government medical facility due to lack of awareness and knowledge about this. No safety measures provided to female as compare to male except at 2 sites where female were provided ‘gloves’. Some (6% of the working females has abuse of chewing tobacco daily or smoking ‘bidi’. The living condition was merely enough to provide any privacy for female. Conclusion: As migratory and floating population, female working in construction field needs attention. Lack of social security and family support make them a vulnerable group for addiction and violence. Alternate way for providing healthcare for these women should be sort out early.

  4. Prevalence of HIV, syphilis, HCV and their high risk behaviors among migrant workers in eastern China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohong Pan

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to understand the knowledge about AIDS, identify the correlates and determine the prevalence of HIV infection, syphilis, HCV among migrant workers in Zhejiang, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using face-to-face anonymous questionnaire interviews was conducted and blood samples were collected for HIV, syphilis and Hepatitis C infection screening. RESULTS: 17,377 (92.8% of 18,730 migrant workers approached were interviewed. Among 17,377 participants, the HIV/AIDS knowledge rate was 66.2%. A total of 12,694 (73% of the participants reported having ever had sexual intercourse, with 30.1% of single participants reporting having had sexual intercourse. Among those respondents with sexual experiences, 7.5% admitted they had two or more sexual partners and 4.9% reported having had sex with casual (unpaid partners in the previous 12 months, whilst 3.7% had paid for sex. More than half of those who had paid for sex (59.4% had not used a condom every time in their sexual acts with the sex workers. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that high risk sexual behavior (defined as sex with a casual or commercial sex partner without using a condom consistently was associated with being divorced or widowed (P<0.05 for single; male gender; shorter duration of stay in Zhejiang; working in factory, market or domestic service (P<0.05 for odd job; having a province of origin inside Zhejiang; and drug use. The prevalence of HIV and HCV infections were 0.02% (95% CI: 0.01%-0.06% and 0.40% (95%CI: 0.31%-0.51%, respectively. The prevalence of syphilis among those who were sexually active was 0.55% (95% CI: 0.43%-0.70%. Risk factors for syphilis included shorter duration of stay in Zhejiang, ethnic minority status, being divorced or widowed and having had multiple sex partners. CONCLUSIONS: Much greater efforts are needed to promote safer sex, and programs for the control of syphilis need to be tailored for migrant

  5. Prevalence of HIV, Syphilis, HCV and Their High Risk Behaviors among Migrant Workers in Eastern China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Qing; Zheng, Hui; Chen, Xin; Su, Jing; Peng, Zhihang; Yu, Rongbin; Wang, Ning

    2013-01-01

    Objective The goal of this study was to understand the knowledge about AIDS, identify the correlates and determine the prevalence of HIV infection, syphilis, HCV among migrant workers in Zhejiang, China. Methods A cross-sectional study using face-to-face anonymous questionnaire interviews was conducted and blood samples were collected for HIV, syphilis and Hepatitis C infection screening. Results 17,377 (92.8%) of 18,730 migrant workers approached were interviewed. Among 17,377 participants, the HIV/AIDS knowledge rate was 66.2%. A total of 12,694 (73%) of the participants reported having ever had sexual intercourse, with 30.1% of single participants reporting having had sexual intercourse. Among those respondents with sexual experiences, 7.5% admitted they had two or more sexual partners and 4.9% reported having had sex with casual (unpaid) partners in the previous 12 months, whilst 3.7% had paid for sex. More than half of those who had paid for sex (59.4%) had not used a condom every time in their sexual acts with the sex workers. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that high risk sexual behavior (defined as sex with a casual or commercial sex partner without using a condom consistently) was associated with being divorced or widowed (Pmarket or domestic service (Pjob); having a province of origin inside Zhejiang; and drug use. The prevalence of HIV and HCV infections were 0.02% (95% CI: 0.01%–0.06%) and 0.40% (95%CI: 0.31%–0.51%), respectively. The prevalence of syphilis among those who were sexually active was 0.55% (95% CI: 0.43%–0.70%). Risk factors for syphilis included shorter duration of stay in Zhejiang, ethnic minority status, being divorced or widowed and having had multiple sex partners. Conclusions Much greater efforts are needed to promote safer sex, and programs for the control of syphilis need to be tailored for migrant workers in China. PMID:23451193

  6. N400 and the activation of prejudice against rural migrant workers in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lei; Ma, Qingguo; Song, Zhaofeng; Shi, Yisi; Wang, Yi; Pfotenhauer, Lydia

    2011-02-23

    Rural migrant workers (RMWs) are a special social group under the household registration system in China. Although RMWs work in the city, they are not issued a permanent city resident card, and are hardly integrated into the city life. City residents harbour strong negative stereotypes about RMWs. Facing a word-pair comprising a status noun (RMWs vs. Unban workers) followed by an adjective, 16 young participants were required to classify the adjective as being either negative or positive, while the event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded. An ERP component identified as the N400 was found, and was studied with the question whether its amplitude reflected the effects of prejudice against RMWs. The reaction times to identify the positive adjectives preceded by the nouns pertaining to RMWs were significantly longer than to those preceded by nouns denoting Urban workers. The amplitude of the N400 evoked in RMW-Positive adjective condition was significantly larger than in Urban worker-Positive adjective condition, possibly reflecting the higher conflict when participants identified the adjectives as positive primed by RMWs. These findings revealed that negative stereotypes about RMWs still exist today, although Chinese mainstream media has disseminated positive messages about the RMWs for decades.

  7. 女性农民工农村认同与城市认同的比较研究--基于青岛的问卷调查%Comparative Study of Women Migrant Workers Rural Identity and City Identity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范洋洋; 刘霞

    2014-01-01

    According to the article on the Qingdao city women migrant workers in their daily life and social identity investigation ,analysis of female migrant workers of rural identity and migrant city identity .Survey shows that female migrant workers have the sense of identity to the city and the countryside ,but the city's identity is lower than that of the rural community ,and outside of the city identity in the living environment of the rural is identity based ,mainly within the sense of belonging , security identification .Based on the analysis of macro policy system , city living environment of meso and micro female migrant workers own three aspects reasons women city identity low , and puts forward some countermeasures for improving women city identity from the enhancement of social work service etc .%文章通过对青岛市女性农民工日常生活与社会认同研究的调查,分析女性农民工对农村认同和务工所在的城市认同。调查显示女性农民工对城市和农村都有认同感,但对城市的认同低于对农村的认同,并且对城市的认同以外在生活环境认同为主,对农村则以内在归属感、安全感认同为主。文章通过对宏观政策制度、中观城市生活环境和微观女性农民工自身三个方面分析女工城市认同较低的原因,并从增强社会工作服务等方面提出了提高女工城市认同的对策。

  8. Migrant labor absorption in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayagam, J

    1992-01-01

    The use of migrant workers to ease labor shortages caused by rapid industrialization in Malaysia during the twentieth century is examined. "This paper will focus on: (1) the extent, composition and distribution of migrant workers; (2) the labor shortage and absorption of migrant workers; and (3) the role of migrant workers in the government's economic restructuring process."

  9. Social care as first work experience in England: a secondary analysis of the profile of a national sample of migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussein, Shereen; Manthorpe, Jill; Stevens, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Migrant workers are increasingly important to the care sector in England as well as in other developed countries. The profile of migrants is likely to continue changing due to reforms in immigration policy and legislation limiting the range of jobs open to migrants from non-EU countries while facilitating migration from the new European Union accession countries. This article reports on detailed secondary analysis of newly available data on the characteristics of migrants working in the care sector as their first job. The analysis was undertaken in 2009 as part of research investigating the contribution made by migrant care workers in England. The sample was identified from the new National Minimum Data Set for Social Care (NMDSSC), which is completed by social care employers in England. Workers whose ethnicity was identified as not White British and who had their previous job abroad were used as a proxy of recent migrants. The analysis shows that this group of workers has a significantly different profile compared with other workers. Recent migrants in the care sector were significantly younger and held higher qualifications relevant to social care; however, there were no significant gender differences. They were also significantly concentrated in the private and voluntary sectors and in direct care work. There were variations between recent migrants' ethnicity and their job roles, with Asian workers more prevalent in senior care positions. These findings have a number of possible implications for social care workforce and providers, particularly within the current context of changing migration rules and social care reforms.

  10. From "Migrant Workers Boom" to "Migrant Workers Scarcity"——Analysis of Institutional Bottleneck of Rural Surplus Labors Transfer in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Through description of three-steps characteristic of dual economic theory and its practical significance to the process of industrialization and urbanization in China,and making comparative analysis between important criterion of "Lewis turning point" and current situation of rural surplus labors market in China,we can find that there exists a great deal of surplus labors in rural areas in our country,improvement of peasant income is the result of external interference of government,and demographic dividend in our country hasn’t finished.These phenomena go against the theory of "Lewis turning point".So it can prove that "Lewis turning point" in China hasn’t come yet.The paper points out the major factors of coexistence of "migrant workers scarcity" and labors redundancy in our country.The first one is structure contradiction of labors market;the second one is law of supply-demand of labors market;the third one is institutional barrier which hinders labors in free flow of census register and social guarantee.Therefore,if we want to realize successful transfer of rural surplus labors and the goal of industrialization and urbanization,we must promote upgrading of industrial structure,change the style of economic growth and realize harmonious development of regional economy in macrocosmic level;And in microcosmic level,we should eliminate institutional barrier which hinders transfer of rural surplus labors.

  11. Review of Migrant Workers' Hunan Capital%农民工人力资本研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王佳伟; 李中斌

    2012-01-01

    The National Bureau of Statistics data of 2010 show that, the current total migrant workers have reached 2.5 million. Domestic for migrant workers' human capital research mainly still focused on human capital investment, migrant workers development, the transformation of human resources, human capital and economic growth, the relationship of individual income. This paper will discusses the present domestic scholars' study on migrant workers' human capital, and put forward my opinions.%2010年国家统计局公布的农民工数据显示,当前农民工总量已达到2.5亿人.国内对农民工这一群体的人力资本研究主要还是集中在农民工人力资本的投资、开发、人力资源转化、人力资本与经济增长、个人收入的关系等方面.本文对目前国内学者在农民工人力资本上的研究进行一定的梳理,并提出自己的见解.

  12. What Makes Migrant Live-in Home Care Workers in Elder Care Be Satisfied with Their Job?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iecovich, Esther

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The study aims to examine job satisfaction of migrant live-in home care workers who provide care to frail older adults and to examine the extent to which quality of relationships between the care provider and care recipient and workplace characteristics is associated with job satisfaction. Design and Methods: A convenience sample that…

  13. Factors Influencing Learning Satisfaction of Migrant Workers in Korea with E-learning-Based Occupational Safety and Health Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Joo Lee

    2015-09-01

    Conclusion: E-learning-based OSH education for migrant workers may be an effective way to increase their safety knowledge and behavior if the accuracy, credibility, and novelty of learning content; strategies to promote learners' motivation to learn; and interactions with learners and instructors are systematically applied during the development and implementation of e-learning programs.

  14. A Randomized Controlled Study of a Group Intervention Program to Enhance Mental Health of Children of Illegal Migrant Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meir, Yael; Slone, Michelle; Levis, Mira

    2014-01-01

    Background: The social-ecological environment of undocumented children of migrant workers includes varying levels of risk factors. Growing up in these conditions compromises children's development on all levels. Many of these children are in need of psychotherapy, however, due to limited resources, only a few of them receive mental health…

  15. A Randomized Controlled Study of a Group Intervention Program to Enhance Mental Health of Children of Illegal Migrant Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meir, Yael; Slone, Michelle; Levis, Mira

    2014-01-01

    Background: The social-ecological environment of undocumented children of migrant workers includes varying levels of risk factors. Growing up in these conditions compromises children's development on all levels. Many of these children are in need of psychotherapy, however, due to limited resources, only a few of them receive mental health aid.…

  16. Correlates of HIV Testing Experience among Migrant Workers from Myanmar Residing in Thailand: A Secondary Data Analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patou Masika Musumari

    Full Text Available Thailand continues to attract an increasing number of migrant workers (MW from neighboring countries including mainly Myanmar, Cambodia, and Laos; however, little is known about the extent to which MWs from these countries have access to HIV prevention, treatment, and care services. We used data from the baseline survey of the Prevention of HIV/AIDS among MWs in Thailand (PHAMIT-2 project to document the prevalence of, and factors associated with, HIV testing among MWs from Myanmar, the largest group of MWs in Thailand.The baseline survey of PHAMIT-2 was conducted in 2010 among MWs from Myanmar, Cambodia, and Laos in 10 purposely-selected provinces of Thailand. Of the 1,034 participants who qualified for the analysis to identify correlates of HIV testing, only 5.3% reported ever having been tested for HIV. Factors associated with HIV testing included having a secondary or higher education level (AOR, 2.58; CI, 1.36-4.90; P = 0.004, being female (AOR, 1.96; CI, 1.05-3.66; P = 0.033, knowing someone who died of AIDS (AOR, 1.81; CI, 1.00-3.27; P = 0.048, working in the fishery sector (AOR, 2.51; CI, 1.28-4.92; P = 0.007, and not having a work permit (AOR, 3.71; CI, 1.36-10.13; P = 0.010.Our study, in addition to revealing significantly low HIV testing among MWs from Myanmar, identifies important barriers to HIV testing which could be addressed through interventions that promote migrants' culturally-sensitive and friendly service, for example by facilitating flow of information about places for HIV testing, availability of language assistance, and ensuring confidentiality of HIV testing.

  17. 农民工非政府组织问题探析%Analysis of the Problems of Migrant Workers NGO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨莉芸

    2013-01-01

    In China, the migrant workers policy is being gradually perfected, but migrant workers are still in a weak position and lost a lot of rights. Migrant workers non-governmental organization is a organization pushing hand to enhance the status of migrant work-ers and obtain right. In this paper, based on the theory of NGO for migrant workers, it analyzes the status quo of the lack and proposes to development path of migrant workers NGO including strengthening government support for migrant workers NGO, perfecting legal system, improving its organization construction, multi-channel solutions to fund, etc.%  在我国,关于农民工的政策制定正在逐步完善,但目前农民工仍处于弱势地位,丧失很多权利。农民工非政府组织是提升农民工地位,取得话语权的组织推手。基于农民工非政府组织理论,对其缺失现状进行分析,旨在通过加强政府对农民工非政府组织的支持,健全法律制度,完善自身组织建设,多渠道解决资金等途径,发展农民工非政府组织。

  18. Vulnerable but feeling safe: HIV risk among male rural-to-urban migrant workers in Chengdu, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, L; Morrow, M; Kermode, M

    2007-11-01

    HIV prevalence is increasing in China. The proportion of infection attributable to heterosexual sex in China is also on the rise. The scale of internal migration for work is likely to be one of the factors contributing to these changing patterns, but little is known about HIV-related knowledge, perceptions and risk behaviours of China's migrant workers. This study aimed to investigate HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and risk behaviours of male rural-to-urban migrant workers in Chengdu and to identify factors associated with risk behaviours. In 2005, a cross-sectional questionnaire survey was completed by 163 male construction- and factory-based migrant workers aged 18-35 years. With a mean age of 26 years, just 30% had completed senior middle school and 47% were currently married. Respondents were highly mobile, worked long hours and were relatively poorly paid. As migrants, their access to urban services and benefits was restricted, making it difficult for family members to join them. Knowledge of HIV transmission was generally poor and discriminatory attitudes towards people with HIV were commonplace. Seventy-five percent were sexually experienced, among whom 88% had had sexual relations in the last 12 months. Of these, 30% had had two or more partners and 20% had paid for sex. Just 36% had used a condom during the most recent sexual encounter with a sex worker. Around 70% thought it was 'impossible' for them to become infected, yet a significant sub-group were engaging in sexual behaviours that place them at risk of infection with HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Logistic Regression found a significant association between having multiple sexual partners and both education level and marital status. Education was also found to be significantly associated with purchasing sex. Targeted HIV-prevention programs for male migrant workers in Chengdu, especially for those who are single and less educated, are urgently needed.

  19. Migrant Workers: Urban Underclass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIWUZHOU

    2004-01-01

    ACCORDING to official statistics, there are now 130 million (equivalent to half the American population) migrant workers in Chinese cities. This means that China has more migrant than urban workers, and that they constitute the main Chinese industrial workforce.

  20. Does workplace social capital associate with hazardous drinking among Chinese rural-urban migrant workers?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junling Gao

    Full Text Available The present study sought to investigate the associations between workplace social capital and hazardous drinking (HD among Chinese rural-urban migrant workers (RUMW.A cross sectional study with a multi-stage stratified sampling procedure was conducted in Shanghai during July 2012 to January 2013. In total, 5,318 RUMWs from 77 workplaces were involved. Work-place social capital was assessed using a validated and psychometrically tested eight-item measure. The Chinese version of Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT was used to assess hazardous drinking. Control variables included gender, age, marital status, education level, salary, and current smoking. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was conducted to test whether individual- and workplace-level social capital was associated with hazardous drinking.Overall, the prevalence of HD was 10.6%. After controlling for individual-level socio-demographic and lifestyle variables, compared to workers in the highest quartile of individual-level social capital, the odds of HD for workers in the three bottom quartiles were 1.13(95%CI: 1.04-1.23, 1.17(95%CI: 1.05-1.56 and 1.26(95%CI: 1.13-1.72, respectively. However, contrary to hypothesis, there was no relationship between workplace-level social capital and hazardous drinking.Higher individual-level social capital may protect against HD among Chinese RUMWs. Interventions to build individual social capital among RUMWs in China may help reduce HD among this population.

  1. The Effects of Problem Drinking and Sexual Risk Among Mexican Migrant Workers on Their Community of Origin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duke, Michael R.; Gómez Carpinteiro, Francisco J.

    2010-01-01

    Although the financial remittances sent by male Mexican migrant workers residing in the United States can result in higher standards of living for their families and home communities, out-migration may lead to increased migrant problem drinking and sexual risk behaviors, which may in turn impact these same communities of origin. Based on semi-structured interviewing (n=60) and participant observation in a migrant sending community in central Mexico and a receiving community in the Northeastern United States, this paper explores the effects of out-migration on HIV risk and problem drinking among United States-based migrants from a small agricultural community in the Mexican state of Puebla. We argue that problem drinking and risky sexual behaviors among these migrant workers have had significant consequences for their home community in terms of diminished remittances, the introduction of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, and loss of husbands or kinsmen to automobile accidents. Moreover, although rumor and gossip between the two communities serve as a form of social control, they may also contribute to increased problem drinking and sexual risk. PMID:20169008

  2. Patterns and correlates of nutrition among migrant farm-worker children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilanowski, Jill F

    2012-04-01

    Past research has demonstrated a higher incidence of overweight children in migrant farm-worker (MFW) families than in the general U.S. population. This study provided descriptive data on MFWs' acculturation, household food security, and general self-efficacy, and children's food patterns and body mass index. Convenience samples of 60 parent-child dyads were obtained from six MFW camps in two Midwest states. Acculturation and food security were low, higher general self-efficacy was associated with low acculturation, and the majority of children did not meet their U.S. Food Guide Pyramid recommendations. It was noteworthy that 48% of the sample, including siblings (excluded from data analysis), was overweight or obese. The knowledge learned concerning the food patterns and correlates of nutrition in this descriptive phase of the DINE study will direct counseling to MFW mothers on the purchase and preparation of affordable, nutritious, and culturally acceptable foods to achieve healthy weight in their children.

  3. Migrant workers and informal employment%农民工与非正式就业

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万向东

    2008-01-01

    On the basis of an analysis of data collected through questionnaire surveys of migrant workers informally employed in Guangzhou or working in enterprises in the Pearl River Delta, the present paper suggests that: firstly, migrant workers as a whole are found in a low-level labor market that is segmented and relatively segregated; its internal balance between demand and supply is realized, however, by following a principle of laissez-faire. Secondly, that market has further evolved into formal employment inside formal enterprises and informal employment outside of it, with the latter covering the two types of self-employment and employment. Thirdly, owing to the rather difficult state of existence of those formally employed in enterprises, as well as to the ongoing reproduction of that kind of state of existence, migrant workers tend to join the informal branch in the split between formal and infonnal employment. Fourthly, while the work of those migrant workers in informal employment can only serve to eke out a miserable survival, those who are self-employed have a chance for gradual accumulation and upward movement, and so the hope for a certain development.%本文通过对广州市从事非正式就业的农民工以及珠江三角洲地区在企业工作的农民工问卷调查资料的初步统计分析,认为:第一,农民工在总体上处于一个分割并被相对隔离的、低水平的劳动市场中,但该市场内部又基本上是按照自由放任原则实现其供求平衡的.第二,这一市场进一步分化为"企业"内外的正式和非正式就业两个部分;后者又可区分为自雇与受雇就业两种类型.第三,由于企业内的正式就业者处于较为艰难的生存状态并且再生产着这种状态,农民工在正式和非正式就业的分流中,更倾向于流向非正式就业.第四,在非正式就业者中,受雇用的农民工的工作只能是一种勉强生存的手段,而自雇用的农民工则可能逐渐实现积

  4. Resolution No. 43/146. Measures to improve the situation and ensure the human rights and dignity of all migrant workers, 8 December 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    This document contains portions of the text of a 1988 UN Resolution on measures to improve the situation and ensure the human rights and dignity of all migrant workers. In this resolution, the General Assembly reaffirms international instruments protecting human rights but articulates a further need to improve the protection of human rights for migrant workers and their families. The General Assembly then noted the two most recent reports of the Working Group on the Drafting of an International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Their Families and took measures to enable the Working Group to complete its task.

  5. Industry and Happiness. Democracy and Responsibility: Female Workers Utopian Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsén, Peter; Nielsen, Birger Steen; Nielsen, Kurt Aagaard

    2000-01-01

    Abstract An action research project, 'Industry and Happiness', with female workers from the danish fishing industry is presented and discussed. Future creating workshops and socalled research workshops were central. The aim was to develop ideas and concrete perspectives for a democratization in (...

  6. Evaluation of antimalarial resistance marker polymorphism in returned migrant workers in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Jun; Li, Jun; Yan, He; Feng, Xinyu; Xia, Zhigui

    2015-01-01

    Imported malaria has been a great challenge for public health in China due to decreased locally transmitted cases and frequent exchange worldwide. Plasmodium falciparum has been mainly responsible for the increasing impact. Currently, artesunate plus amodiaquine, one of the artemisinin combination therapies recommended by the World Health Organization, has been mainly used against uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in China. However, drug resistance marker polymorphism in returning migrant workers has not been demonstrated. Here, we have evaluated the prevalence of pfmdr1 and pfcrt polymorphisms, as well as the K13 propeller gene, a molecular marker of artemisinin resistance, in migrant workers returned from Ghana to Shanglin County, Guangxi Province, China, in 2013. A total of 118 blood samples were randomly selected and used for the assay. Mutations of the pfmdr1 gene that covered codons 86, 184, 1034, and 1246 were found in 11 isolates. Mutations at codon N86Y (9.7%) were more frequent than at others, and Y(86)Y(184)S(1034)D(1246) was the most prevalent (63.6%) of the four haplotypes. Mutations of the pfcrt gene that covered codons 74, 75, and 76 were observed in 17 isolates, and M(74)N(75)T(76) was common (70.6%) in three haplotypes. Eight different genotypes of the K13 propeller were first observed in 10 samples in China, 2 synonymous mutations (V487V and A627A) and 6 nonsynonymous mutations. C580Y was the most prevalent (2.7%) in all the samples. The data presented might be helpful for enrichment of molecular surveillance of antimalarial resistance and will be useful for developing and updating antimalarial guidance in China.

  7. Development of a scale for attitude toward condom use for migrant workers in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talukdar, Arunansu; Bal, Runa; Sanyal, Debasis; Roy, Krishnendu; Talukdar, Payel Sengupta

    2008-02-01

    The propaganda for the use of condoms remains one of the mainstay for prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission. In spite of the proven efficacy of condom, some moral, social and psychological obstacles are still prevalent, hindering the use of condoms. The study tried to construct a short condom-attitude scale for use among the migrant workers, a major bridge population in India. The study was conducted among the male migrant workers who were 18-49 years old, sexually active and had heard about condoms and were engaged in nonformal jobs. We recruited 234 and 280 candidates for Phase 1 and Phase 2 respectively. Ten items from the original 40-item Brown's ATC (attitude towards condom) scale were selected in Phase 1. After analysis of Phase 1 results, using principal component analysis six items were found appropriate for measuring attitude towards condom use. These six items were then administered in another group in Phase 2. Utilizing Pearson's correlations, scale items were examined in terms of their mean response scores and the correlation matrix between items. Cornbach's alpha and construct validity were also assessed for the entire sample. Study subjects were categorized as condom users and nonusers. The scale structure was explored by analyzing response scores with respect to the items, using principal component analysis followed by varimax rotation analysis. Principal component analysis revealed that the first factor accounted for 71% of the variance, with eigenvalue greater than one. Eigenvalues of the second factor was less than one. Application of screen test suggests only one factor was dominant. Mean score of six items among condom users was 20.45 and that among nonusers was 16.67, which was statistically significant (Pattitude-toward-condom-use scale, targeted for most vulnerable people in India, can be included in any rapid survey for assessing the existing beliefs and attitudes toward condoms and also for evaluating efficacy of an

  8. Mental health status and related characteristics of Chinese male rural-urban migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Tingzhong; Xu, Xiaochao; Li, Mu; Rockett, Ian R H; Zhu, Waner; Ellison-Barnes, Alejandra

    2012-06-01

    To explore mental health status and related characteristics in a sample of Chinese male rural-urban migrants. Subjects were 1,595 male rural-urban migrant workers selected though a multi-stage sample survey conducted in two cities (Hangzhou and Guangzhou). Data were collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Both life and work stressors were examined. Stress and mental health status were measured by the Chinese Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS) and the Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ), respectively. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with probable mental disorders. There are approximately 120 million rural-urban migrants in China. The prevalence of probable mental disorders in the sample population was 24.4% (95% CI: 23.3-25.5%), which was higher than among urban residents (20.2%, 95% CI: 18.8-21.7%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that five characteristics were positively associated with risk for probable mental disorders: originating in the South (OR = 2.00; 95% CI = 1.02, 4.00), higher life stress (OR = 7.63; 95% CI = 5.88, 10.00), staying in the city for 5-9 months each year (OR = 2.56; 95% CI = 1.67, 3.85), higher work stress (OR = 2.56; 95% CI = 1.96, 3.33), and separation from wife (OR = 2.43; 95% CI = 1.61, 3.57). Employment in machinery and transportation (OR = 0.54; 95% CI = 0.36, 0.81) and higher self-worth (OR = 0.42; 95% CI = 0.28, 0.62) were negatively associated. Findings support an urgent need to develop specific policies and programs to address mental health problems among Chinese rural-urban migrants.

  9. Migrant Workers, Legal Tactics, and Fragile Family Formation in Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Constable

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Immigration and labor laws and policies, including employment contracts for temporary workers, are largely intended to protect the rights and privileges of citizens and to limit those of migrant workers. In Hong Kong, “foreign domestic helpers” are prohibited from bringing family members with them and despite legal maternity protections they face many deterrents to being or becoming pregnant. Yet some migrant women nonetheless become mothers in Hong Kong, and learn from friends, partners, nongovernmental organizations and human rights lawyers, to utilize laws and policies – such as the UN Convention Against Torture, labor law and family law – as tactics to establish and maintain a “family” of sorts in the region, at least temporarily. This essay presents ethnographic examples of the tactical use of law by migrant mothers in their efforts to remain in Hong Kong with their children, despite hegemonic pressures against doing so. Las leyes y políticas laborales y de inmigración, incluyendo los contratos de trabajo de los trabajadores temporales, están destinadas principalmente a proteger los derechos y privilegios de los ciudadanos y limitar los de los trabajadores emigrantes. En Hong Kong, "las trabajadoras domésticas extranjeras" tienen prohibido traer miembros de la familia con ellos, y a pesar de las protecciones legales de maternidad se enfrentan a muchos impedimentos si están o se quedan embarazadas. Sin embargo, algunas mujeres emigrantes se convierten en madres en Hong Kong, y aprenden de los amigos, socios, organizaciones no gubernamentales y abogados de derechos humanos a utilizar las leyes y políticas - como la Convención de la ONU contra la Tortura, el derecho laboral y el derecho de familia - como tácticas para establecer y mantener una "familia" tipo en la región, al menos temporalmente. Este ensayo presenta ejemplos etnográficos de la utilización táctica de la ley por las madres emigrantes en sus esfuerzos por

  10. The impact of ethnic identity on changes in high risk HIV behaviors in sexually active migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shehadeh, Nancy; Virginia McCoy, H; Rubens, Muni; Batra, Anamica; Renfrew, Roderick; Winter, Kelly

    2012-02-01

    Among migrant workers (MWs) in the US, HIV/AIDS prevalence may be as high as 13.5%. This serial cross-sectional study examines associations between Ethnic Identity (EI) in African American and Hispanic MWs and short-term changes in high-risk sexual behaviors. Baseline and 3-month follow-up data was collected from a larger HIV intervention study among MWs in Immokalee, Florida (n = 119) who reported unprotected sex in the past 30 days. The Multigroup Identity Measure was used to assess EI. A high EI score indicates less acculturation to one's new surroundings. Females had higher levels of positive behavior change. Lower EI was associated with higher levels of positive change in relation to HIV/AIDS risk behavior. Among Hispanics, education was negatively correlated with EI. Education was a predictor of behavior change. Future interventions should focus on reducing acculturation stress, which may prompt harmful coping behaviors, such as high-risk sex and substance abuse.

  11. On the Season, a Report of a Public Health Project Conducted Among Negro Migrant Agricultural Workers in Palm Beach County, Florida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browning, Robert H.; Northcutt, Travis J., Jr.

    A 5-year project to develop public health services for migrant workers was initiated in Florida in 1956. The project staff consisted of 8 public health personnel: 2 public health nurses, a public health educator, a public health nutritionist, a medical social worker, a part-time sanitarian, a liaison worker, and a secretary. Two practicing…

  12. A qualitative exploration of barriers to condom use among female sex workers in China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu Jie

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Sex workers in China continue to engage in unprotected sex acts that put them at risk for contracting HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus and other STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections. The purpose of this study was to explore women's work history, the context of sex work, condom use, HIV testing services, and potential barriers to condom use in a sample of FSWs (female sex workers in Guangzhou, China. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In-depth, semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 24 FSWs in Guangzhou, China. Informants were recruited using a purposive sampling technique. Qualitative data were coded and analyzed using NVivo 8.0. The majority of respondents were internal economic migrants who had entered the sex industry in pursuit of greater financial reward. Most women in the study were married or had steady boyfriends, and were young, with secondary education and limited knowledge about HIV and STIs. Most were not satisfied with their current living conditions and expressed a desire to leave the sex industry. Women reported that they were more likely to use condoms during sex acts with commercial partners than with non-commercial partners. The potential stigma of being seen as a sex worker prevented many from accessing HIV testing. Three key factors put these FSWs at risk for HIV and STIs: unreasonable trust toward clients, stereotypes and assumptions about customers, and financial incentives. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These findings suggest that social and economic factors play an important role in shaping sexual decision-making among female sex workers in Guangzhou. We argue that greater insight into and attention to these factors could enhance the success of HIV prevention efforts.

  13. Radiation exposure analysis of female nuclear medicine radiation workers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ju Young [Dept. of Biomedical Engineering Graduate School, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju (Korea, Republic of); Park, Hoon Hee [Dept. of Radiological Technologist, Shingu College, Sungnam (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-06-15

    In this study, radiation workers who work in nuclear medicine department were analyzed to find the cause of differences of radiation exposure from General Characteristic, Knowledge, Recognition and Conduct, especially females working on nuclear medicine radiation, in order to pave the way for positive defense against radiation exposure. The subjects were 106 radiation workers who were divided into two groups of sixty-four males and forty-two females answered questions about their General Characteristic, Knowledge, Recognition, Conduct, and radiation exposure dose which was measured by TLD (Thermo Luminescence Dosimeter). The results of the analysis revealed that as the higher score of knowledge and conduct was shown, the radiation exposure decreased in female groups, and as the higher score of conduct was shown, the radiation exposure decreased in male groups. In the correlation analysis of female groups, the non-experienced in pregnancy showed decreasing amount of radiation exposure as the score of knowledge and conduct was higher and the experienced in pregnancy showed decreasing amount of radiation exposure as the score of recognition and conduct was higher. In the regression analysis on related factors of radiation exposure dose of nuclear medicine radiation workers, the gender caused the meaningful result and the amount of radiation exposure of female groups compared to male groups. In the regression analysis on related factors of radiation exposure dose of female groups, the factor of conduct showed a meaningful result and the amount of radiation exposure of the experienced in pregnancy was lower compared to the non-experienced. The conclusion of this study revealed that radiation exposure of female groups was lower than that of male groups. Therefore, male groups need to more actively defend themselves against radiation exposure. Among the female groups, the experienced in pregnancy who have an active defense tendency showed a lower radiation exposure. Thus

  14. The Majority of the Migrant Factory Workers of the Light Industry in Shenzhen, China May Be Physically Inactive.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Liu

    Full Text Available Physical inactivity is a strong risk factor of non-communicable diseases (NCD. In China, there are 250 million migrant factory workers, who are susceptible to physical inactivity and hence NCD because of work nature and setting. With random stratified sampling, 807 such workers of the light industry were recruited in Shenzhen, China and completed a self-administered questionnaire with informed consent. The prevalence of inadequate physical activity (defined according to the World Health Organization's recommendation on level of moderate/vigorous physical activity was 95.4%. Of all participants, 69.1% showed "a very low level of physical activity" (VLLPA, defined as ≤30 minutes of weekly moderate/vigorous physical activity, which was significantly associated with female sex (Odds ratio [OR]=1.65, lower education level (OR=0.10 to 0.33, primary education as the reference group and married status (OR=0.63, single status as the reference group. Adjusted for these factors, perceived social support (Adjusted OR=0.87 was negatively associated with VLLPA, while job stress due to workload, which was significant in the univariate analysis (OR=0.98, became non-significant (p=0.184. Significant interaction between perceived social support and perceived job stress onto VLLPA was found (p=0.044, implying that the negative association between job stress and VLLPA, which might reflect a potential response to cope with stress by performing exercises, was stronger among those with weaker social support. The extremely low level of physical activity rings an alarm, as it implies high risk of NCD, and as there are no existing programs promoting physical activity in this group. Interventions need to take into account social support, potential coping to job stress, and structural factors of the factory setting, while involving factories' management.

  15. The Majority of the Migrant Factory Workers of the Light Industry in Shenzhen, China May Be Physically Inactive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jing; Cheng, Yu; Lau, Joseph T F; Wu, Anise M S; Tse, Vincent W S; Zhou, Shenglai

    2015-01-01

    Physical inactivity is a strong risk factor of non-communicable diseases (NCD). In China, there are 250 million migrant factory workers, who are susceptible to physical inactivity and hence NCD because of work nature and setting. With random stratified sampling, 807 such workers of the light industry were recruited in Shenzhen, China and completed a self-administered questionnaire with informed consent. The prevalence of inadequate physical activity (defined according to the World Health Organization's recommendation on level of moderate/vigorous physical activity) was 95.4%. Of all participants, 69.1% showed "a very low level of physical activity" (VLLPA), defined as ≤30 minutes of weekly moderate/vigorous physical activity, which was significantly associated with female sex (Odds ratio [OR]=1.65), lower education level (OR=0.10 to 0.33, primary education as the reference group) and married status (OR=0.63, single status as the reference group). Adjusted for these factors, perceived social support (Adjusted OR=0.87) was negatively associated with VLLPA, while job stress due to workload, which was significant in the univariate analysis (OR=0.98), became non-significant (p=0.184). Significant interaction between perceived social support and perceived job stress onto VLLPA was found (p=0.044), implying that the negative association between job stress and VLLPA, which might reflect a potential response to cope with stress by performing exercises, was stronger among those with weaker social support. The extremely low level of physical activity rings an alarm, as it implies high risk of NCD, and as there are no existing programs promoting physical activity in this group. Interventions need to take into account social support, potential coping to job stress, and structural factors of the factory setting, while involving factories' management.

  16. Improving estimates of the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting among migrants in Western countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Livia Elisa Ortensi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C is an emerging topic in immigrant countries as a consequence of the increasing proportion of African women in overseas communities. Objective: While the prevalence of FGM/C is routinely measured in practicing countries, the prevalence of the phenomenon in western countries is substantially unknown, as no standardized methods exist yet for immigrant countries. The aim of this paper is to present an improved method of indirect estimation of the prevalence of FGM/C among first generation migrants based on a migrant selection hypothesis. A criterion to assess reliability of indirect estimates is also provided. Methods: The method is based on data from Demographic Health Surveys (DHS and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS. Migrants' Selection Hypothesis is used to correct national prevalence estimates and obtain an improved estimation of prevalence among overseas communities. Results: The application of the selection hypothesis modifies national estimates, usually predicting a lower occurrence of FGM/C among immigrants than in their respective practicing countries. A comparison of direct and indirect estimations confirms that the method correctly predicts the direction of the variation in the expected prevalence and satisfactorily approximates direct estimates. Conclusions: Given its wide applicability, this method would be a useful instrument to estimate FGM/C occurrence among first generation immigrants and provide corresponding support for policies in countries where information from ad hoc surveys is unavailable.

  17. Subversions of the Social Hierarchy: Social Closure as Adaptation Strategy by the Female Marriage Migrants of Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Hsuan Chelsea Kuo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study explores how female marriage migrants employ various forms of social closure to help them adapt to the receiving society. As for female migration itself, although it has begun to dominate the migration flow it has not yet been discussed and theorized as a unique phenomenon in immigration studies. This phenomenon must, however, be viewed within the context of international hypergamy, which has become an increasingly notable trend in many countries, especially those of East Asia. Female marriage migrants, coming toTaiwanchiefly from Southeast Asian countries and fromChina, often are depicted by the mainstream discourse as being inferior. This study has found that by creating, and in some cases transforming, social closure, these female marriage migrants are able to reshape their group identity, to reposition themselves within the stratification at least within the parameters of their own minds, and thereby to cope with the discriminatory environment and unfavorable social hierarchy of Taiwanese society.

  18. Prevalence and determinants of sexually transmitted infections (STIs among male migrant factory workers in Haryana, North India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Male migrant workers display high risk sexual behavior and have been shown to have higher prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs, which make them more vulnerable to HIV infection. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of self-reported STIs and delineate their determinants among male migrant factory workers in Faridabad, Haryana. Materials and Methods: Male workers in two selected factories, who were aged ≥18 years, were born outside Haryana (destination, and who had migrated to Haryana after the age of 15 years were eligible. Socio-demographic information, HIV/AIDS knowledge and behavior, and self-reported STI symptoms in the last 1 year were ascertained by face-to-face interview. Determinants of STIs were identified by regression analysis. Results: Totally 755 eligible workers participated. Mean ± SD age was 31.4 ± 8.2 years and migration duration was 9.5 ± 6.7 years. At least one STI symptom was reported by 41.7% of the participants (burning micturition- 35%, inguinal bubos-5.2%, genital ulcers- 2.6%, urethral pus discharge- 1.3%. Factors associated with STIs were higher age at migration, lower HIV/AIDS knowledge, paid sex in the last year, non-use of condoms during the last non-spousal sex, and unfavorable intention to use condom. Conclusion: Prevalence of self-reported STIs among these migrant men was high. Targeted Interventions among migrant workers need to be strengthened for control and prevention of STIs.

  19. Labor Rights and Interests of Cenozoic Migrant Workers and Legal Protection%新生代农民工劳动权益及法律保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高莹

    2011-01-01

    The current situation of labor rights and interests of Cenozoic migrant workers and reasons of infringement were summarized, moreover, the ways to protect labor rights and interests of Cenozoic migrant workers were proposed, including realize "fair flow" of Cenozoic migrant workers, improve comprehensive quality of migrant workers, set up correct attitude toward performance, perfect and mature labor laws and regulations and so on.%阐述了新生代农民工劳动权益现状及其劳动权益被侵害的原因,并提出通过实现农民工“公平流动”、提高农民工综合素质、树立正确的政绩观、健全和完善有关劳动法律法规等途径保护新生代劳民工劳动权益.

  20. Mental health and migration: depression, alcohol abuse, and access to health care among migrants in Central Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismayilova, Leyla; Lee, Hae Nim; Shaw, Stacey; El-Bassel, Nabila; Gilbert, Louisa; Terlikbayeva, Assel; Rozental, Yelena

    2014-12-01

    One-fifth of Kazakhstan's population is labor migrants working in poor conditions with limited legal rights. This paper examines self-rated health, mental health and access to health care among migrant workers. Using geo-mapping, a random sample of internal and external migrant market workers was selected in Almaty (N = 450). We used survey logistic regression adjusted for clustering of workers within stalls. Almost half of participants described their health as fair or poor and reported not seeing a doctor when needed, 6.2% had clinical depression and 8.7% met criteria for alcohol abuse. Female external migrants were at higher risk for poor health and underutilization of health services. High mobility was associated with depression among internal migrants and with alcohol abuse among female migrant workers. This study demonstrates the urgent need to address health and mental health needs and improve access to health care among labor migrants in Central Asia.

  1. Mental health, duration of unemployment, and coping strategy: a cross-sectional study of unemployed migrant workers in eastern china during the economic crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Li; Li, Wenhu; He, Jincai; Wu, Lanhua; Yan, Zheng; Tang, Wenjie

    2012-01-01

    Background 20 million migrant workers in China lost their jobs during the economic crisis of 2008. Both urban migration and unemployment have long been documented to be associated with vulnerability to mental problems. This study aims to examine the mental health of unemployed migrant workers in Eastern China and its relation to duration of unemployment and coping strategy during the recent economic crisis. Methods The data were collected through interview-based survey with a sample of 210 un...

  2. 农民工社会保障的分类实施研究%Study on Classified Implementation of Social Security for Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜毅; 王孔敬

    2011-01-01

    农民工为农村发展、城市繁荣和国家现代化建设做出了贡献,但他们的社会保障仍然不充分.由于农民工群体的异质性以及现行的农民工社会保障模式的单一性,无法满足农民工对社会保障的差异性需求,因此提出应将全体农民工纳入强制性工伤保险,提高农民工的社会福利,分类实施农民工的基本医疗保险、就业保障、社会养老保险及社会救助,满足不同层次农民工对社会保障的需求.%Migrant workers have made a significant contribution to urban prosperity, rural development and modernization of the state, but their social security is still insufficiency. Because the inhomogeneity of migrant workers and unicity of migrant workers social security mode not satisfying the various demands of migrant workers to social security, several countermeasures were put forward in order to satisfy the demands of different levels migrant workers to social security, such as whole migrant workers should be bring into mandatory employment injury insurance , improving migrant workers social welfare, basic medical insurance, employment security, social endowment insurance and social assistance should be classified implementation to satisfy demands of different layers migrant workers to social security.

  3. 新生代农民工就业影响因素及其对策%Impact Factors and Countermeasures of New Generation of Migrant Workers Employment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊欣欣

    2012-01-01

    新生代农民工就业的影响因素主要有:城乡二元户籍、城市社会排斥、市场竞争激烈、素质技能不足、培训体系不健全、就业途径不畅、就业保障受歧视、维权难等。当前促进新生代农民工就业的对策主要有:消除就业二元化制度壁垒、优化新生代农民工就业环境、扩大新生代农民工就业渠道、提升新生代农民工择业水准、加强职业技能培训、完善新生代农民工社会保障体系、提高新生代农民工维权意识和增强新生代农民工的就业归属感。%Some factors impact the migrant workers employment, which are: the household registration urban social exclusion, and fierce market competition, the lack of quality of the skills, the imperfect training system way, employment security by discrimination, activity difficulties. Countermeasures to promote the generation of migrant workers employment are: to eliminate barriers to employment dualistic system; to optimize the generation of migrant workers employment environment; to expand employment channels of the new generation of migrant workers; to enhance the career level of the new generation of migrant workers; to strengthen vocational skills training; to perfect the social security system of the new generation of migrant workers; to improve awareness of the new generation of Protecting Migrant Workers; and to enhance employment generation of migrant workers a sense of belonging.

  4. Transnationalism and Financial Crisis: The Hampered Migration Projects of Female Domestic Workers in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zenia Hellgren

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The importance of transnational migration projects for international development has been increasingly recognized over the past decades. Migrants who move from the Global South or East to work in low-wage sectors such as construction, agriculture or domestic services in wealthier countries may contribute both to growth in the receiving countries and socio-economic development in their countries of origin. Parallel to scholarship on migration and development, research on the transnationalization of domestic work generally assumes that growing care needs and increasing demand for private household services in Western societies imply a continuing demand for migrant labour. However, since the global financial crisis broke out in 2008, unemployment among migrant workers has increased dramatically in many immigrant-receiving countries, Spain being among the most severely affected. Job destruction has so far been lower in the domestic sector than in other sectors occupying large numbers of migrant workers. Yet, we find that migrant domestic workers in Spain are affected by the recession both in terms of unemployment or underemployment and deteriorating job conditions, with transnational consequences such as loss of remittances. Many migrants find themselves in a situation of “standby,” trying to subsist while waiting for the recession to end.

  5. Prevalence of depression and suicidal behaviors among male migrant workers in United Arab Emirates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Maskari, F; Shah, S M; Al-Sharhan, R; Al-Haj, E; Al-Kaabi, K; Khonji, D; Schneider, J D; Nagelkerke, N J; Bernsen, R M

    2011-12-01

    Migrant workers comprise 80% of the population of the United Arab Emirates, but there is little research on their mental health. To determine the prevalence and correlates of depression among workers living in labor camps, we conducted a cross-sectional survey in labor camps in Al Ain city. The Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-42) was used to assess depression and suicidal ideation among the study participants. Off the 319 contacted workers agreed to participate, however 239 fully completed the DASS-42. The prevalence of a score >=10 ("depression") was 25.1% (60/239). Depression was correlated with physical illness (97/301), (adjusted odds ratio-AOR = 2.9; 95% CI 2.26-5.18), working in construction industry (prevalence 124/304), AOR = 2.2; 95%CI 1.56-3.83), earning less than 1,000 UAE Dirham per month (prevalence 203/314), (AOR = 1.8; 95%CI 1.33-3.16), and working more than 8 h a day (prevalence 213/315), (AOR = 2.7; 95%CI 1.19-6.27). 20/261 (6.3%) of the study participants reported thoughts of suicide and 8/265 (2.5%) had attempted suicide. People with suicidal ideation were more likely to have a physical illness (AOR = 8.1, 95%CI 2.49-26.67), earn less than 1,000 UAE Dirham per month (AOR = 5.98, 95%CI 1.26-28.45), and work for more than 8 h a day (AOR = 8.35, 95%CI 1.03-67.23). The study identified self reported indicators of a substantial burden of depression, and thoughts of self-harm among laborers surveyed. Policy level intervention and implementation, is needed to improve working conditions, including minimum wages and regulation of working hours is recommended.

  6. Setting norms in the United Nations system: the draft convention on the protection of the rights of all migrant workers and their families in relation to ILO in standards on migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasenau, M

    1990-06-01

    The author reviews the U.N.'s draft proposal concerning the rights of migrant workers and their families. "This article examines the nature and scope of obligations under the United Nations Convention and contrasts them with existing international standards. In the light of the elaboration of the U.N. Convention, the conditions of future normative activities to limit negative consequences of a proliferation of instruments and supervisory mechanisms are outlined." Consideration is given to human and trade union rights, employment, social security, living and working conditions, workers' families, expulsion, and conditions of international migration. (SUMMARY IN FRE AND SPA)

  7. 新世纪以来国产电影的农民工书写%The Film of Domestic Migrant Workers Writing Since the New Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡泊

    2012-01-01

    随着农民工数量的增多和国家对农民工问题重视程度的提高,国产电影逐渐把镜头对准了农民工群体。新世纪以来,国产电影对农民工的书写,主要从农民工的生存状况、心理状况、精神世界和价值追求等四个方面展开,塑造了一群性格各异的农民工形象。但也存在一些问题,需要在今后的电影创作中逐步去解决。%With the increase in the number of migrant workers and the improvement of the national emphasis on the problem of migrant workers,domestic movies gradually lens migrant workers groups.Fromt the new century,the writing of the domestic film of migrant is workers,mainly from the four aspects of the living conditions of migrant workers,mental health,spiritual world and the pursuit of value,etc.which start to shape the images of a group of different characters of migrant workers.But there are some problems to solve gradually in the future of film-making.

  8. HIV and STI prevalence and determinants among male migrant workers in India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangeeta S Dave

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Our objective was to estimate for the first time the prevalence and determinants of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1 and sexually transmitted infections (STIs among male migrants in India. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We conducted a multi-stage stratified probability sample survey of migrant (defined as not born in Surat city men aged 18 to 49 years working in the diamond and textile industries in Surat city. Behavioural and biological data were collected. Biological data included laboratory diagnosed herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2, syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, Trichomonas vaginalis (together defined as 'any STI' and HIV-1. Likely recently acquired STIs included chlamydia, gonorrhoea, T. vaginalis and syphilis with rapid plasma reagin ≥1:8. The response rate was 77% (845/1099. Among 841 participants, HIV-1 prevalence was 1.0%, 'any STI' prevalence was 9.5% and 38.9% of these STIs were likely to have been recently acquired. Being a diamond worker, Surat resident for 10+ years and recent antibiotic use were each associated with higher odds of 'any STI' (aORs 1.83 (95% CI 1.09-3.09, 1.98 (95% CI 1.22-3.22 and 2.57 (95% CI 1 .17-5.64, respectively after adjusting for the other two factors and age. The main study limitation was social desirability bias for self-reported sexual behaviour; STIs were diagnosed in some self-reported virgins. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: HIV and STI prevalence were lower than expected, but prevention interventions remain necessary in Surat since almost 40% of STIs among participants were probably recently acquired and sentinel surveillance HIV prevalence remains high. The participants had a similar HIV prevalence to Surat antenatal clinic attendees, a proxy for the general population. This suggests migrants are not always at higher risk of HIV compared to the general population in their migration destination. Our findings highlight the need to contextualise research findings from a specific

  9. The impact of migrant workers on the tuberculosis transmission: general models and a case study for China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Luju; Wu, Jianhong; Zhao, Xiao-Qiang

    2012-10-01

    A tuberculosis (TB) transmission model involving migrant workers is proposed and investigated. The basic reproduction number R0 is calculated, and is shown to be a threshold parameter for the disease to persist or become extinct in the population. The existence and global attractivity of an endemic equilibrium, if R0 > 1, is also established under some technical conditions. A case study, based on the TB epidemiological and other statistical data in China, indicates that the disease spread can be controlled if effective measures are taken to reduce the reactivation rate of exposed/latent migrant workers. Impact of the migration rate and direction, as well as the duration of home visit stay, on the control of disease spread is also examined numerically.

  10. Housing for Female Factory Workers: The Association between Renting Accommodation and Satisfaction with Income and Living Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quynh Thuy Nguyen

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Vietnam has experienced a strong wave of migrants to urban and industrialized areas. This is a challenge for both local and national governments, which need to address the problems of the poor and socially marginalized, including providing housing for rural-to-urban migrants. Poor housing and the economic burden of house renting are increasingly recognized as determinants of both physical and mental health. Objectives: This paper examined the association between renting accommodation and income satisfaction and living conditions of female workers in light manufacturing industries in Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional study was implemented with quantitative survey of 2,818 female workers in 10 light manufacturing factories in 3 industrial zones by a self-administered questionnaire. Results: Over 38% of female workers had to rent accommodation. The average expense for accommodation, water and electricity accounted for 30.1% of renters’ income, which is 7.2% (CI 95%, 5.3–9.3% higher than for non-renters. A higher proportion of renters than non-renters considered their income was unstable and insufficient for living costs. In addition, only 7.2% of renters reported that their living conditions were suitable, notably lower than non-renters (22.4%. Conclusion: The study showed the economic burden of renting accommodation on workers’ income satisfaction and living conditions. The findings have implications for an adequate housing access strategy for workers including the integration of housing development in the planning and development of industrial zones and factories.

  11. Cervical HPV Infection in Female Sex Workers: A Global Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Soohoo, Melissa; Blas, Magaly; Byraiah, Gita; Carcamo, Cesar; Brown, Brandon

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Approximately 291 million women worldwide are HPV DNA carriers. Studies have indicated that having multiple sexual partners may lead to higher HPV transmission. Thus female sex workers (FSWs) may be at greater risk of infection compared to the general population. Herein we review publications with data on FSW cervical HPV test results. We also examine variations of HPV prevalence and risk behaviors by region. Knowledge of prevalent HPV types in FSWs may lead to improved preventi...

  12. 农民工和城镇工劳动报酬差异的变动%Change in Labor Remuneration Difference between Migrant Workers and Urban Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张世伟; 武娜

    2014-01-01

    基于1993-2009年中国健康与营养调查面板数据,建立了农民工和城镇工劳动报酬方程的固定效应模型,并对农民工和城镇工的劳动报酬差异变动进行了分解分析。研究结果表明,在1993-2009年期间,虽然针对农民工劳动报酬的户籍歧视不断得以缓解,但农民工和城镇工的受教育水平差异却不断扩大,且城镇劳动力市场中的教育回报率不断上升,导致农民工和城镇工的劳动报酬差异不断扩大。因此,政府设计和实施公平的就业制度和收入分配制度,设计和实施能够大幅提升农村居民人力资本水平的教育制度和培训政策,将有助于抑制农民工和城镇工劳动报酬差异的持续扩大。%Based on the data of China Health and Nutrition Survey from 1993 to 2009 ,we establish a fixed-effect model of labor remuneration and decompose the changes in labor remuneration difference between migrant workers and urban workers .The results show :during the period from 1993 to 2009 , although the household register discrimination has shown a decline trend ,both the education level between migrant workers and urban workers and the education return rate in the urban labor market have been raising ,which lead to a widening trend of labor remuneration difference between migrant workers and urban workers .Therefore ,the government should develop and implement fair employment system and income distribution system ,and also the education system and training policies which can improve the human resource level of rural residents ,this will help narrow the labor remuneration difference between migrant workers and urban workers .

  13. Sexual and reproductive health among unmarried rural-urban female migrants in Shanghai China: a comparative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ying; Yao, Wen; Shang, Meili; Cai, Yong; Shi, Rong; Ma, Jin; Wang, Jin; Song, Huijiang

    2013-08-09

    We compared sexual and reproductive health (SRH)-related knowledge, attitude and behavior among unmarried rural-urban female migrants in Shanghai coming from different regions of China. A total of 944 unmarried rural-urban female migrants were recruited from three districts of Shanghai. We used an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire to collect information from each participant and a multivariate logistic regression to examine the association between premarital sex and risk factors. We found the rates of premarital sex, pregnancy and abortion among unmarried rural-urban female migrants were 28.2%, 5.2% and 5.0%, respectively. Participants from the east of China were more likely to engage in premarital sex than those from the mid-west (p rural-urban female migrants lack SRH related knowledge and the data suggests high levels of occurrence of premarital sex. The results indicate that programs to promote safe sex, especially to those migrants coming from eastern China, should be a priority.

  14. Bringing class back in: class consciousness and solidarity among Chinese migrant workers in Italy and the UK

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Bin; Liu, Hong

    2014-01-01

    The growing literature on international migration has a tendency to emphasize homogenous elements such as shared ethnic background, social network and cultural similarities in shaping immigrants' identity. We argue that this underestimates the differences (and sometimes conflicts) of interests between ethnic employers and migrant workers and that class needs to be brought back into the studies of ethnic relationship. Based upon findings from a series of fieldwork in Veneto, Italy and East Mid...

  15. Development of the Seasonal Migrant Agricultural Worker Stress Scale in Sanliurfa, Southeast Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simsek, Zeynep; Ersin, Fatma; Kirmizitoprak, Evin

    2016-01-01

    Stress is one of the main causes of health problems, especially mental disorders. These health problems cause a significant amount of ability loss and increase cost. It is estimated that by 2020, mental disorders will constitute 15% of the total disease burden, and depression will rank second only after ischemic heart disease. Environmental experiences are paramount in increasing the liability of mental disorders in those who constantly face sustained high levels of stress. The objective of this study was to develop a stress scale for seasonal migrant agricultural workers aged 18 years and older. The sample consisted of 270 randomly selected seasonal migrant agricultural workers. The average age of the participants was 33.1 ± 14, and 50.7% were male. The Cronbach alpha coefficient and test-retest methods were used for reliability analyses. Although the factor analysis was performed for the structure validity of the scale, the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin coefficient and Bartlett test were used to determine the convenience of the data for the factor analysis. In the reliability analyses, the Cronbach alpha coefficient of internal consistency was calculated as .96, and the test-retest reliability coefficient was .81. In the exploratory factor analysis for validity of the scale, four factors were obtained, and the factors represented workplace physical conditions (25.7% of the total variance), workplace psychosocial and economic factors (19.3% of the total variance), workplace health problems (15.2% of the total variance), and school problems (10.1% of the total variance). The four factors explained 70.3% of the total variance. As a result of the expert opinions and analyses, a stress scale with 48 items was developed. The highest score to be obtained from the scale was 144, and the lowest score was 0. The increase in the score indicates the increase in the stress levels. The findings show that the scale is a valid and reliable assessment instrument that can be used in

  16. Development of a scale for attitude toward condom use for migrant workers in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talukdar Arunansu

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Background : The propaganda for the use of condoms remains one of the mainstay for prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV transmission. In spite of the proven efficacy of condom, some moral, social and psychological obstacles are still prevalent, hindering the use of condoms. Aims : The study tried to construct a short condom-attitude scale for use among the migrant workers, a major bridge population in India. Settings and Design : The study was conducted among the male migrant workers who were 18-49 years old, sexually active and had heard about condoms and were engaged in nonformal jobs. We recruited 234 and 280 candidates for Phase 1 and Phase 2 respectively. Materials and Methods : Ten items from the original 40-item Brown′s ATC (attitude towards condom scale were selected in Phase 1. After analysis of Phase 1 results, using principal component analysis six items were found appropriate for measuring attitude towards condom use. These six items were then administered in another group in Phase 2. Utilizing Pearson′s correlations, scale items were examined in terms of their mean response scores and the correlation matrix between items. Cornbach′s alpha and construct validity were also assessed for the entire sample. Results : Study subjects were categorized as condom users and nonusers. The scale structure was explored by analyzing response scores with respect to the items, using principal component analysis followed by varimax rotation analysis. Principal component analysis revealed that the first factor accounted for 71% of the variance, with eigenvalue greater than one. Eigenvalues of the second factor was less than one. Application of screen test suggests only one factor was dominant. Mean score of six items among condom users was 20.45 and that among nonusers was 16.67, which was statistically significant ( P < 0.01. Cornbach′s alpha coefficient was 0.92. Conclusion : This tailor-made attitude-toward-condom-use scale

  17. International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. [Excepts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    This excerpt focuses on the laws concerning the protection of the rights of all migrant workers and members of their families. The excerpt takes into account the principles contained in the basic instruments of the UN about human rights; particularly, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination; the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Emphasized is the law stating that migrant workers and members of their families shall have the right to receive medical care that is required for the preservation of their life or the avoidance of irreparable harm to their health on the basis of equality of treatment, along with nationals. It also grants migrant workers equality of treatment, along with nationals, with regard to access to social and health services, provided that the requirements for participation in the respective schemes are met.

  18. Migrant Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inequality In Education, 1976

    1976-01-01

    Three articles describe the lifestyle of the children of migrant agricultural workers. First, Jose A. Cardenas provides an overview of education for migrant children. He notes academic performance deviations and underachievement resulting from their educational programs. Cardenas describes poor staffing, frequent segregation, curricula…

  19. [The text of the Articles of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Their Families which the Working Group Provisionally Agreed during the First Reading].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    This preamble documents the 91 Articles of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrants and Their Families. This defines and covers the rights of all migrant workers and their families which can be ratified by as many countries as possible. The status and fundamental rights of migrant workers and their families have not been sufficiently recognized everywhere and therefore require appropriate international protection. The 8 parts are: 1) scope and definitions, 2) fundamental human rights of all migrant workers and members of their families, 3) additional rights of migrant workers and members of their families in a regular situation, 4) provisions applicable to particular categories of migrant workers and members of their families, 5) promotion of sound, equitable and humane conditions in connection with lawful international migration of workers and their families, 6) application of the Convention, 7) general provisions, and 8) final provisions.

  20. Relationship between occupational stress and job burnout among rural-to-urban migrant workers in Dongguan, China: a cross-sectional study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Hao; Yang, Hui; Xu, Xiujuan; Yun, Lin; Chen, Ruoling; Chen, Yuting; Xu, Longmei; Liu, Jiaxian; Liu, Linhua; Liang, Hairong; Zhuang, Yali; Hong, Liecheng; Chen, Ling; Yang, Jinping; Tang, Huanwen

    2016-01-01

    Objectives In China, there have been an increasing number of migrant workers from rural to urban areas, and migrant workers have the highest incidence of occupational diseases. However, few studies have examined the impact of occupational stress on job burnout in these migrant workers. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between occupational stress and job burnout among migrant workers. Design This study used a cross-sectional survey. Setting This investigation was conducted in Dongguan city, Guangdong Province, China. Participants 3806 migrant workers, aged 18–60 years, were randomly selected using multistage sampling procedures. Primary and secondary outcome measures Multistage sampling procedures were used to examine demographic characteristics, behaviour customs and job-related data. Hierarchical linear regression and logistic regression models were constructed to explore the relationship between occupational stress and burnout. Results Demographics, behaviour customs and job-related characteristics significantly affected on burnout. After adjusting for the control variable, a high level of emotional exhaustion was associated with high role overload, high role insufficiency, high role boundary, high physical environment, high psychological strain, high physical strain, low role ambiguity, low responsibility and low vocational strain. A high level of depersonalisation was associated with high role overload, high role ambiguity, high role boundary, high interpersonal strain, high recreation, low physical environment and low social support. A low level of personal accomplishment was associated with high role boundary, high role insufficiency, low responsibility, low social support, low physical environment, low self-care and low interpersonal strain. Compared to the personal resources, the job strain and personal strain were more likely to explain the burnout of rural-to-urban migrant workers in our study. Conclusions The migrant workers have

  1. Analysis of the Impact of the Flow of Migrant Workers on Regional Economy: Based on the Thought about the Promotion of Jiangxi Regional Economic Competitiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Yuping

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Labor resource is the necessary productive factor in regional economic development, and one of important indexes to evaluate regional economic competitiveness. The great economic achievement brought by the 30-year reform and opening up of China is due to the fact that China brought the backward advantage of “demographic dividend” into play, promoted the fast development of industrialization and urbanization, and became the second largest economy in the world. The entity of “demographic dividend” is the non-agricultural migrant population, i.e., migrant workers. The transfer employment of migrant workers has typical regional liquidity, and the imbalance of regional economy causes the flow of many migrant workers. In order to achieve harmonious development and coordinated development, underdeveloped areas must understand the character and regulation, adopt positive industrial policy and supportive policy, guide the reasonable flow of migrant workers, and realize the transfer of local employment and citizenization of migrant workers, which can enhance regional economic competitiveness

  2. From the“Migrant Worker Boom”to“Migrant Worker Shortage”-- Thoughts on Higher Vocational College Involved Training for Migrant Worker%从“民工潮”到“民工荒”--高职院校开展农民工培训的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾月琴

    2013-01-01

      与“民工潮”相反,近几年我国许多发达地区出现了“民工荒”的现象。透析这一社会现象,不难发现“民工荒”现象反映了农民工教育培训的缺失和错位,其背后隐藏的实质就是“技工荒”。高职院校应抓住这个机遇,采取各种措施开展农民工培训,使高职院校成为农民工培训的重要基地。%  In recent years, many developed regions in China are met with a “labor shortage” phenomenon. Dialysis of this social phenomenon, it is not difficult to find that“labor shortage”reflects the lack of education and training of migrant workers and dislocation, the substance behind it is the “mechanic shortage”. Higher vocational college should seize this opportunity to take various measures to carry out training for the migrant workers, so that vocational college will become an important training base for the migrant workers.

  3. Population aging and migrant workers: bottlenecks in tuberculosis control in rural China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumedh Bele

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is a serious global health problem. Its paradigms are shifting through time, especially in rapidly developing countries such as China. Health providers in China are at the forefront of the battle against tuberculosis; however, there are few empirical studies on health providers' perspectives on the challenges they face in tuberculosis control at the county level in China. This study was conducted among health providers to explore their experiences with tuberculosis control in order to identify bottlenecks and emerging challenges in controlling tuberculosis in rural China. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 17 health providers working in various positions within the health system of one rural county (ZJG of China. Data were analyzed based on thematic content analysis using MAXQDA 10 qualitative data analysis software. RESULTS: Health providers reported several problems in tuberculosis control in ZJG county. Migrant workers and the elderly were repeatedly documented as the main obstacles in effective tuberculosis control in the county. At a personal level, doctors showed their frustration with the lack of new drugs for treating tuberculosis patients, and their opinions varied regarding incentives for referring patients. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that several problems still remain for controlling tuberculosis in rural China. Tuberculosis control efforts need to make reaching the most vulnerable populations a priority and encourage local health providers to adopt innovative practices in the local context based on national guidelines to achieve the best results. Considerable changes in China's National Tuberculosis Control Program are needed to tackle these emerging challenges faced by health workers at the county level.

  4. Difficulties and Countermeasures in the Citizenship of Migrant Workers from the Perspective of Further Education%继续教育视角下农民工城镇融入的困境与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建政; 武艳艳; 翟玉建

    2012-01-01

    The paper expounded the difficulties in the citizenship of migrant workers and the insufficient further education training for migrant workers, then proposed to construct the further education model of migrant workers.%阐述了农民工城镇融入的困境以及我国农民工继续教育培训不足的现状,提出了进城农民工继续教育模式的构建.

  5. New Media and Migrant Workers Maintaining Legal Rights Expression%新媒体与农民工的维权表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文娟

    2014-01-01

    当前农民工的权利存在着较为严重的缺失。构建有助于农民工维权表达机制非常重要。在农民工的维权上,传统媒体存在着些许弊端:一是多选取具有典型性质的农民工维权个案,而忽略其他个案;二是更加关注市民的权利状况,而疏于关注农民工的权利;三是它的地域性特点也易削弱农民工维权表达的力度。新媒体:有助于为农民工创设一种改变“他者”身份的话语表达机制,有助于为所有农民工提供一种主动维权表达的机制,有助于为农民工维权行为建构一种较为开放的信息传播机制,有助于为农民工铺建与网络意见领袖的桥梁机制。农民工的权利实现还取决于其他因素。%At present, migrant workers’ rights are serious deficiency, therefore, it is important to construct the migrant workers expression system.On migrant workers maintaining legal rights, traditional media has some disadvantages.In other words, one disadvantage is that it’ s like to choose a typical case of the migrant workers maintaining legal rights, but ignore the other cases.The second disadvantage is that it will pay more attention to citizens’ rights, while it will pay little attention to migrant workers’ rights.The third disadvantage is its regional characteristic can easily weaken migrant workers rights expression. New media can help to create a discourse mechanism for migrant workers to change “otherness” status, to provide a kind of active maintaining legal rights mechanism for all migrant workers, to construct a more open information dissemination mechanism for all migrant workers’ maintaining legal rights, to build a bridge mechanism between migrant workers and network opinion leaders.The realization of migrant workers rights also depends on other factors.

  6. MIGRANT CHILDREN AND YOUTH.

    Science.gov (United States)

    WYCKOFF, FLORENCE R.

    A MIGRANT CHILD IS DEFINED AS A MEMBER OF A FAMILY OF AGRICULTURAL WORKERS WHO MUST TRAVEL A GREAT DISTANCE TO WORK. THE WORKERS FOLLOW A SEASONAL COURSE, OFTEN THROUGH SEVERAL STATES, AND RETURN HOME AFTER THE CROP SEASON IS OVER. THERE ARE ABOUT 415,000 MIGRANT CHILDREN UNDER 14 YEARS OF AGE IN THE UNITED STATES. IN 1960 THE MIGRANT FARM WORKER…

  7. Who Are Ohio's Migrants?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hintz, Joy; Mecartney, John

    Identifying and defining Ohio's migrant population, the document also seeks to destroy many of the myths that exist about migrant workers. The survey, made in September 1972, found that 90% of the state's 35,000 workers were Spanish speaking. The document also gives information on migrant recruitment, crew leaders, income, housing, crops,…

  8. Dimension Analysis on Human Capital of the New Generation of Migrant Workers%新生代农民工人力资本的维度分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘万云

    2011-01-01

    运用人力资本理论研究新生代农民工的生存和发展问题,具有重要的现实意义.以此,结合新生代农民工人力资本问题研究的困惑,在新生代农民工人力资本特性的基础上,提出新生代农民工人力资本的3个维度和7项指标,并给出1个案例,分析新生代农民工人力资本维度的相互关系.最后,指出新生代农民工人力资本的维度分析将给新生代农民工人力资本投资问题带来诸多启示.%The use of human capital theory to study the new generation of migrant workers' living and development, has important practical significance.So, combined with the new generation of migrant workers and human capital issues of the confusion, based on the human capital characteristics of the new generation of migrant workers, the author proposed the three dimensions of human capital and seven indicators of the new generation of migrant workers, and presented a case analysis of the relationship between the human capital dimensions of the new generation of migrant workers.Finally, the author pointed out that the analysis on the new generation of migrant workers would bring some enlightenment to the capital investment of human capital of the new generation of migrant workers.

  9. 构建农民工社会救助体系的思考%Reflections on the Construction of the Social Assistance System of Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈媛

    2012-01-01

    农民工社会救助体系有明显的缺陷,其主要原因是农民工社会救助体系中立法的空缺、体制的限制、权利意识的淡薄、非政府组织等社会支持系统发展不完善,完善农民工社会救助的制度、落实农民工权利保护的法律依据、加强农民工权利的行政保护力度、重塑农民工权利的司法救助机制、建立专门的农民工社会支持系统等是完善农民工社会救助体系的主要措施。%Social assistance system of migrant workers has obvious defects in our country, mainly due to the legislation vacancies, institutional constraints, weak awareness of their rights, non-governmental organizations and the imperfect development of other socialsupport systems. Adjusting the administrative system of social assistance for migrant workers, improving the legal basis for the protection of the rights of migrant workers, strengthening the protection of the rights of migrant workers, remodeling judicial relief mechanism for the rights of migrant workers, and establishing specialized social support system for migrant workers are major measures to improve the social assistance system of migrant workers.

  10. Migration Experiences and Reported Sexual Behavior Among Young, Unmarried Female Migrants in Changzhou, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zong, Zhanhong; Yang, Wenjian; Sun, Xiaoming; Mao, Jingshu; Shu, Xingyu; Hearst, Norman

    2017-09-27

    China has a large migrant population, including many young unmarried women. Little is known about their sexual behavior, contraceptive use, and risk of unintended pregnancy. 475 unmarried female migrants aged 15-24, working in 1 of 6 factories in 2 districts of Changzhou city, completed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire in May 2012 on demographic characteristics, work and living situation, and health. We examined demographic and migration experience predictors of sexual and contraceptive behavior using bivariate and multivariate regressions. 30.1% of the respondents were sexually experienced, with the average age at first sex of 19 years (standard deviation=3). 37.8% reported using contraception at first sex, 58.0% reported using consistent contraception during the past year, and 28.0% reported having at least 1 unintended pregnancy with all unintended pregnancies resulting in abortion. Those who had had at least 1 abortion reported having on average 1.6 abortions [SD=1] in total. Migrating with a boyfriend and changing jobs fewer times were associated with being sexually experienced. Younger age, less education, and changing jobs more times were associated with inconsistent contraceptive use. These findings demonstrate there is an unmet need for reproductive health education and services where these women work as well as in their hometown communities. This education must begin early to reach young women before they migrate. © Zong et al.

  11. Backyard Living – Integrative Policies Towards Migrant Workers: Housing Microfinance in Greater Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Noltze

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The urban agglomeration of the Vietnamese southeast industrial driving force Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC has become the most outstanding benefi ciary of the remarkable economic growth and foreign investments in the Vietnamese economy since the start of a comprehensive economic reform process in the mid 1980s. The notable development towards the foremost economic centre led to a high influx of migrant workers. In the course of an ongoing expansion process towards a megacity of tomorrow, the defi cient provision of adequate housing remains one of the most challenging problems of rural migrants in Greater HCMC. However, a future-oriented sustainable megacity concept is strongly dependent on the successful integration of migrants into the urban society. Within this context, the housing market is considered to be a key aspect of comprehensive urban planning. Hereby, housing microfinance (HMF will be presented as an alternative housing finance scheme meeting the demand of a noteworthy number of poor and low-income people. Thereby HMF can do both: focus on specifi c needs of migrants with respect to their current life situation and enhance its outreach to a potential target group.

  12. Finding Jesus in the Holy Land and taking Him back home to China: Chinese contemporary migrant workers in Israel converting to evangelical Christianity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kalir, B.

    2009-01-01

    The article describes and probes the conversion of Chinese temporary migrant workers in Israel to evangelical Christianity. Since 1995 thousands of Chinese workers have been recruited, mainly from villages across Fujian, for construction work in Israel. In 1998 an evangelical church was established

  13. Migrant Workers' Community in China: Relationships among Social Networks, Life Satisfaction and Political Participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qingwen Xu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The millions of persons migrating from China´s rural areas to urban spaces have contributed greatly to the country´s decades-long economic growth, and the influx of migrants has changed the fabric of China´s urban social and economic life. These internal migrants, similar to many international immigrants, depend heavily on their social networks, which are often developed in their rural villages, for jobs, housing, financial assistance, and social support both during and after migration. Consequently, migrants´ networks function distinctly in well-being and behavior. Using data from the 2006 China General Social Survey, this article seeks to 1 investigate the existence of migrant sub-groups in China, 2 understand the characteristics of social networks among sub-groups, and 3 explore the relationships social networks hold to life satisfaction and political participation among China´s migrant population. This article asserts that China´s migrant population includes several sub-groups emerging on the basis of gender, education, age, and marital status, which in turn produce different patterns of ties and social interactions among their social networks. While this article finds very different employment patterns among migrant sub-groups, migrant networks do not appear to strongly influence perceptions and behaviors, such as life satisfaction and political participation. This article also argues that individual networks could facilitate the development of migrant communities in cities.

  14. 昆山市外来务工人员乙型肝炎防治认知行为调查%Investigation on Cognition,Behavior of Migrant Workers for Hepatitis B Prevention and Control in Kunshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王华; 王文明

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To understand the cognition,behavior of migrant workers for hepatitis B prevention and control in Kunshan city,and to provide scientific evidence for perfecting the strategies and measures of hepatitis B treatment and prevention.Methods Stratified random sampling method was used to select one enterprise from town and township,and questionnaire survey was carried out among the migrant workers.Results 220 migrant workers were surveyed,and the inoculation rate of hepatitis B was 68.6%,which was higher than the average level of the population in Jiangsu province.The awareness rate of hepatitis B prevention knowledge was not high.The correct rate of"HBV could be spread by daily life and work contacts"was 58.3%.The awareness was higher in female and high culture degree workers.The risk behaviors of hepatitis B in migrant workers was relatively more,and who had a high degree of cultural were better than the others.Migrant workers obtained hepatitis B prevention knowledge mainly through the propaganda column,TV,internet and books.Conclusions At present migrant workers could not correctly and comprehensively master the knowledge of hepatitis B prevention and control.Thus,the way which could be accept by the migrant workers more easily should be used to carry out the effective health education,and to improve the migrant workers'self prevention awareness and ability.%目的:了解昆山市外来务工人员对乙型肝炎相关防治的认知和行为,为针对性地制定有效防治乙肝的策略和措施提供科学依据。方法采用分层随机抽样方法,随机选择城区及乡镇各1个企业的外来务工人员进行问卷调查。结果220名外来务工人员接受了调查,其乙肝疫苗接种率为68.6%,高于江苏省同人群平均水平;外来务工人员对乙肝防治知识的知晓率不高,其中“日常生活工作接触会传播 HBV”的答对率最低,为58.3%,女性的知晓率高于男性,文化程度高的知

  15. HIV and Mexican migrant workers in the United States: a review applying the vulnerable populations conceptual model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albarrán, Cynthia R; Nyamathi, Adeline

    2011-01-01

    Mexican migrant workers residing in the United States are a vulnerable population at high risk for HIV infection. This article critically appraises the published data surrounding HIV prevalence in this vulnerable group, as seen through the lens of the Vulnerable Populations Conceptual Model. This model demonstrates how exposure to risk and resource availability affect health status. The health status of Mexican migrants in the United States is compromised by a number of factors that increase risk of HIV: limited access to health services, multiple sexual partners, low rates of condom use, men having sex with men, and lay injection practices. Migration from Mexico to the United States has increased the prevalence of HIV in rural Mexico, making this an issue of urgent binational concern. This review highlights the implications for further nursing research, practice, and policy.

  16. 新生代农民工心理健康问题研究%Study on the Mental Health Problems of New Generation of Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗贻琳; 龚岱辰

    2015-01-01

    随着社会的发展,新生代农民工逐步成为农民工群体的中坚力量,新生代农民工群体的心理健康状况是农民工问题重要的一部分,新生代农民工心理健康问题日渐引起社会各界的关注与重视。与传统的农民工相比,新生代农民工普遍缺少从事农业生产劳动的经历,他们具有时代性、发展性、双重性、边缘性等特点,解决新生代农民工心理健康问题需要通过政府、社会、企业和新生代农民工自身的共同努力,只有这样才能促进社会的健康、稳定与和谐,促进社会的良性运行与协调发展。%With the development of society , the new generation of migrant workers gradually become the backbone of migrant workers, and mental health of the new generation of migrant workers is an important part of the migrant workers , and the mental health problems of the new generation of migrant workers gradually get the concerns of the communities and their attention .Compared with the traditional migrant workers , the new generation of migrant workers are generally lack of experience of engaging in agricultur -al production and labor , but they are featured with keeping pace with the times , the development of resistance , dualities , marginal-ness.The new generation of migrant workers to solve the problems of mental health needs the efforts of the government , the commu-nity, the industries and the new generation of migrant workers of their own efforts .It’ s the only way to promote the healthy , stable and harmonious society , promote the healthy operation and coordination of the development of society .

  17. 农村转移劳动力可雇佣性及其就业质量%Employability and Employment Quality of Rural Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘轩; 郑爱翔

    2016-01-01

    Based on survey data of 625 rural migrant workers collected from Jiangsu province,the struc-ture of employability was explored and examined by means of cross-validation method,in addtion,the difference of employability and employment quality on gender,education and vocational training experi-ence were then compared,finally regression model was established to examined the effect of employability on the employment quality.The results show that,employability of rural migrant workers consists of posi-tion competency,social ability,knowledge and professional skill,attitude and motivation;significant differences of employment quality exist in education and vocational training experience;employability of male rural migrant workers is significantly higher than that of the female;knowledge and professional skill have significant difference in vocational training experience;rural migrant workers with senior high school education who score higher in knowledge and professional skill than those with primary and junior school education,but conversely,get lower score in attitude and motivation;position competency,knowledge and professional skill are significant predictor of the rural migrant workers’employment quality.%基于江苏625名农村转移劳动力的问卷调查数据,采用交叉验证的方法探索和验证了农村转移劳动力可雇佣性的结构,并比较了不同农村转移劳动力在可雇佣性和就业质量上的差异,建立了就业质量对可雇佣性的回归方程模型。结果表明:农村转移劳动力的可雇佣性主要包括岗位能力、社会能力、态度动机和知识技能四个因子;不同受教育程度和培训经历的农村转移劳动力在就业质量上存在显著性差异;男性农村转移劳动力的可雇佣性要显著高于女性;不同培训经历者在知识技能上存在显著性差异,高中学历者在知识技能上要显著高于初中及小学学历者,在态度动机上却显著低于

  18. New Characteristics of Migrant Workers'Employment Motivation Under"Migrant Workers Shortage"%新一轮“民工荒”下的农民工就业动机新特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈果; 王庆

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the development course of migrant workers from surplus to shortage, it argues that understanding migrant workers'employment motivation is an important prerequisite for solving the migrant workers'structural shortage.By the Needs Theory and Equity Theory, it analyzes the employment motivation of migrant workers as focusing on belonging,e steem, self-actualization and the relative income compared with the citizens'and other migrant workers'.Meanwhile, it proposes government and enterprise take measures to fulfill the migrant workers employment needs and to realize migrant workers full employment in the labor market.%通过分析"民工潮"到新一轮"民工荒"的发展历程,认为明确农民工的就业动机是解决以农民工结构性短缺为实质的新一轮"民工荒"的重要前提。利用"需求层次论"、"公平理论"分析了农民工的就业动机新特征,认为农民工开始注重社交、尊重、自我实现需求的满足及与城市工人和其他农民工进行比较后的相对报酬所得。并提出政府、企业可以采取满足农民工就业动机的一系列对策,以实现农民工劳动力市场的充分就业。

  19. ‘Tied Visas’ and Inadequate Labour Protections: A formula for abuse and exploitation of migrant domestic workers in the United Kingdom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daphne Demetriou

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the link between restrictive immigration schemes, specifically ‘tied visas’ and the selective application of labour laws, with exploitation of workers. It focuses on the situation of migrant domestic workers, who accompany their employers to the United Kingdom (UK and are exposed to both an excessively restrictive visa regime, introduced in April 2012, and limited labour protections. The immigration status of these workers is currently tied to a named employer, a restriction that traps workers into exploitative conditions, often amounting to forced labour, servitude or slavery. Additionally, current UK labour laws are either not enforced or not applicable to domestic workers. The article concludes that unless the current immigration regime is abolished and comprehensive labour law protections are extended to migrant domestic workers, exploitation will continue.

  20. Research on the Education of Legal Quality for New Generation of Migrant Workers%新生代农民工法律素养教育研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张风超

    2015-01-01

    新生代农民工在我国现代化建设中扮演着极为重要的角色。无论从农民工自身而言还是整个社会而言,对新生代农民工进行法律素养教育都具有重要的意义。本文从新生代农民工的特点入手,分析新生代农民工法律素养教育的必要性,提出开展新生代农民工法律素养教育的策略,以期对促进我国新生代农民工法律素养教育发展有所裨益。%New generation of migrant workers play a very important role in modernization construction in our country .Having the education of legal quality is very important to both new generation of migrant workers themselves and the whole society .This paper contains the characteristics of the new generation of migrant workers ,and the necessity and strategies for developing the education of legal quality for new generation of migrant workers ,which may help the development of the education of legal quality for new generation of migrant workers .

  1. 农民工文化需求的代际差异及对策%Intergenerational Differences and Strategies of Migrant Workers' Cultural Demands

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴焱军

    2012-01-01

    Strengthening the construction of migrant workers' culture demands is an urgent task to protect the rights of migrant workers in new period. In recent years, with the intergenerational differentiation of migrant workers, the differences between two generations are increasingly obvious, and they appeared different cultural demands. The article analyzed the different culture demands of two generation migrant workers from the perspective of intergeneration, and put forward the strategies to solve the problems of migrant workers' cultural demands.%文化需求是农民工的一项重要需求,加强农民工文化建设是新时期保障农民工权益的迫切任务。近年来,伴随着农民工的代际分化,农民工代际差异越来越明显,两代农民工对文化表现了不同的需求。该文从代际视角分析了两代农民工对文化需求的差异,并提出解决农民工文化需求问题的对策建议。

  2. 关于农民工工伤保险制度的思考%Pondering over the Industrial Injury Insurance System of Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春林; 沈璇

    2012-01-01

    The industrial injury accident of migrant workers is frequently occurred,as the closely related rights,industrial injury insurance currently has some problems in system,such as the lack of supervision mechanism due to government management oversight,the lack of compulsory measures as corporate evades responsibilities,and the lack of awareness of rights due to low cultural quality of migrant workers.By strengthening government supervision,completing the supervision of enterprises and increasing the rights awareness of migrant workers,the industrial injury insurance system of migrant workers can be improved,so as to ensure the legitimate rights and interests of migrant workers.%农民工工伤事故频发,工伤保险作为与其密切相关的权利,其制度目前仍存在政府管理疏漏而缺失监督机制、企业逃避责任而缺乏强制措施以及农民工文化素质不高而缺少维权意识等问题。通过提出加强政府监管力度、完善对企业的监管、提高农民工维权意识等对策来完善农民工工伤保险制度,保障农民工的合法权益。

  3. [Analysis of use of personal protective equipment among rural-to-urban migrant workers in small and medium enterprises in Zhongshan and Shenzhen, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Zhi; Lu, Liming; Rao, Zhanhong; Han, Lu; Shi, Jingrong; Ling, Li

    2014-04-01

    To investigate the current supply and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) among rural-to-urban migrant workers in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Zhongshan and Shenzhen, China and the influential factors for the use of PPE, and to provide a basis for better occupational health services and ensuring the health of migrant workers. Multi-stage sampling was used to select 856 migrant workers from 27 SMEs in Zhongshan and Shenzhen, and face-to-face questionnaire survey was conducted in these subjects. Statistical analysis was performed by one-way analysis of variance, chi-square test, and logistic regression. Of all migrant workers, 38.67%were supplied with free PPE by the factory, and this rate varied across industries (furniture industry: 45.81%; electronic industry: 31.46%) and SMEs (medium enterprises: 42.13%; small enterprises: 39.20%; micro enterprises: 22.16%); 22.43% insisted on the use of PPE. The logistic regression analysis showed that factors associated with the use of PPE included sex, age, awareness of occupational health knowledge, and the size of enterprise. The rates of supply and use of PPE among migrant workers are low. The larger the enterprise, the better the supply of PPE. Male gender, being elder, and high occupational health knowledge score were favorable factors for the use of PPE, while small enterprise size was the unfavorable factor for the use of PPE.

  4. Sociological Analysis on Events of Migrant Worker Pneumoconiosis%农民工尘肺病事件的社会学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂京申; 姚武; 田庆丰

    2011-01-01

    目的 促使社会各界正确应对农民工尘肺病事件,促进社会和谐稳定发展.方法 采用社会因素分析方法对农民工尘肺病事件进行社会学分析.结果 随着市场经济的迅速发展,在农民工尘肺病诊断技术问题中,融入了更多的社会因素.结论 农民工尘肺病事件存在众多社会因素,预防农民工尘肺病事件的发生,社会有关阶层必须采取积极措施促使相关社会因素协调发展.%Objectives To promote the correct response to the event of migrant workers pneumoconiosis cases,and promote the development of social harmony and stability. Methods Sociological analysis method was used to analyze the events of migrant worker pneumoconiosis. Results With the rapid development of market economy, the diagnosis of technical problems of migrant workers pneumoconiosis integrate more social factors. Conclusions There are many social factors in the incidents of migrant workers pneumoconiosis, to prevent the occurrence of migrant workers pneumoconiosis,relevant sectors of society must take positive measures to promote the coordinated development of related social factors.

  5. Talking about Protection of Migrant Workers the Right to Education%试论农民工教育权利的保障

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡腾华

    2012-01-01

    Advocacy of migrant workers the fight to education, to improve the educational level of migrant workers, ac- celerating the urbanization process, educational equity and social harmony and development plays an important practical sig- nificance. If the education of migrant workers fights are not guaranteed, it is bound to hinder the process of urbanization in China. However, the education problems of migrant workers has become a stronger labor economy, and promote the urba- nization of the bottleneck. Therefore, we should advocate for the diversified development of vocational education to meet the needs of culture, skills, rights of migrant workers.%倡导农民工受教育权,提高农民工受教育水平,对于加速城市化进程、我国教育公平及社会和谐发展有着举足轻重的现实意义。如果农民工教育权利得不到保障,势必妨碍我国城市化的进程。然而,农民工的教育问题已成为做强劳务经济、推进城市化的瓶颈。因此,我们应倡导职业教育多元化发展,满足农民工的文化、技能、维权等方面的需求。

  6. Willingness to use short-term oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) by migrant miners and female partners of migrant miners in Mozambique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falcao, Joana; Ahoua, Laurence; Zerbe, Allison; di Mattei, Pietro; Baggaley, Rachel; Chivurre, Victor; Mulondo, Prince; Ramiro, Isaias; Dalal, Shona; Morales, Fernando; O'Reilly, Kevin; El-Sadr, Wafaa

    2017-05-04

    Migrant miners from Mozambique who work in South Africa and their partners are at substantial risk for HIV infection. We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the willingness of migrant miners and female partners of miners to take short-term pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for prevention of HIV acquisition. The study was conducted in Gaza Province, Mozambique, between September and October 2015. A total of 131 male miners and female partners of male miners completed a questionnaire. Subsequently, 48 in-depth interviews among male miners and female partners of miners and 3 focus-group discussions (6 participants each) among female partners of miners were conducted. Quantitative data were tabulated using Stata. A structured coding scheme was developed and qualitative data were analysed using Atlas.ti. Most participants (94%) were willing to take PrEP for short-term use. Facilitating factors for willingness to use PrEP were concerns about partner's sexual behaviour, desire for pregnancy and one's own sexual behaviour. The main barriers to PrEP use were concerns regarding side-effects, perceived difficulty adhering to daily pill taking and concern about partner/family disapproval. Overall, participants saw potential barriers for PrEP as minor obstacles that could be overcome. The male partner's influence on PrEP use was significant.

  7. [Risk of malignant disease among female textile workers in Lithuania].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzmickiene, I H; Stukonis, M K

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study is to assess cancer risk among the workers at two Lithuanian textile mills vis-a-vis occupational hazards and professional status. Our retrospective investigation included 12,602 females who had been followed up in 1978-2002. Cancer risk was evaluated using a standardized incidence ratio and a relative one - on the basis of confidential interviews. Overall cancer risk for textile workers in Lithuania was lower than that of the general population (SIR 0.91; 95% CI 0.81-0.99). However, excess risk of thyroid cancer was reported among females at the linen finishing unit (SIR 5.85; 95% CI 1.21-17.2) cotton one (SIR 3.24; 95% CI 1.19-7.06). An inverse correlation was shown between cumulative exposure to cotton dust and risk at all occupational sites (p=0.03). Our results point to a link between probability occupational factors in a variety of textile industry jobs and risk of cancer. Further research is required to better understand the potential of professional factor influence.

  8. A Venue-Based Survey of Malaria, Anemia and Mobility Patterns among Migrant Farm Workers in Amhara Region, Ethiopia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebekah Stewart Schicker

    Full Text Available Mobile populations present unique challenges to malaria control and elimination efforts. Each year, a large number of individuals travel to northwest Amhara Region, Ethiopia to seek seasonal employment on large-scale farms. Agricultural areas typically report the heaviest malaria burden within Amhara thereby placing migrants at high risk of infection. Yet little is known about these seasonal migrants and their malaria-related risk factors.In July 2013, a venue-based survey of 605 migrant laborers 18 years or older was conducted in two districts of North Gondar zone, Amhara. The study population was predominantly male (97.7% and young (mean age 22.8 years. Plasmodium prevalence by rapid diagnostic test (RDT was 12.0%; One quarter (28.3% of individuals were anemic (hemoglobin <13 g/dl. Nearly all participants (95.6% originated from within Amhara Region, with half (51.6% coming from within North Gondar zone. Around half (51.2% slept in temporary shelters, while 20.5% regularly slept outside. Only 11.9% of participants had access to a long lasting insecticidal net (LLIN. Reported net use the previous night was 8.8% overall but 74.6% among those with LLIN access. Nearly one-third (30.1% reported having fever within the past two weeks, of whom 31.3% sought care. Cost and distance were the main reported barriers to seeking care. LLIN access (odds ratio [OR] = 0.30, P = 0.04 and malaria knowledge (OR = 0.50, P = 0.02 were significantly associated with reduced Plasmodium infection among migrants, with a similar but non-significant trend observed for reported net use the previous night (OR = 0.16, P = 0.14.High prevalence of malaria and anemia were observed among a young population that originated from relatively proximate areas. Low access to care and low IRS and LLIN coverage likely place migrant workers at significant risk of malaria in this area and their return home may facilitate parasite transport to other areas. Strategies specifically tailored to

  9. CLASS ACTION AGAINST THE NON-IMMEDIACY OF RATIFICATION OF THE 1990 MIGRANT WORKERS CONVENTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wisnu Aryo Dewanto

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Ratification of treaties in Indonesia can be regarded as mere political acts, as ratification itself  does not yet rule for its enforcement in Indonesia’s jurisdiction. As stipulated in Article 11 of the 1945Indonesian Constitution, these ratifications are still subject to consent from the Indonesian House of Representatives (DPR as they are the appointed institution in Indonesia with treaty-making powers. The act of ratification by the Indonesian Government is regarded as a ratification only in the international sense, where such action would only make the treaty enter into force internationally, but not internally within Indonesia. This paper seeks to analyze the legal implications which signatureand ratification of international treaties may hold in the Indonesian government. Such is done by studying the class action lawsuit for Indonesia being signatories the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Member of Their Families and its failure continue to further ratify the Convention. Ratifikasi perjanjian internasional merupakan tindakan politik yang memerlukan persetujuan dari  Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR sebagai lembaga dengan treaty-making power sebagaimana yangdiatur oleh Pasal 11 UUD 1945. Tindakan ratifikasi oleh Pemerintah Indonesia hanya bermakna sebagairatification hanya dalam the international sense, yakni membuat perjanjian tersebut berlaku di levelinternasional, bukan berlaku di wilayah hukum Republik Indonesia. Artikel ini menganalisis proses andimplikasi hukum diratifikasinya dan ditandatanganinya suatu perjanjian internasional oleh PemerintahIndonesia dengan menelaah gugatan class action yang dilakukan terhadap Pemerintah Indonesia mengenaibelum diratifikasinya Konvensi Buruh Migran.

  10. Prevalence and correlates of loneliness among Chinese service industry migrant workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Baoliang; Xu, Yanmin; Jin, Dong; Zou, Xiaowei; Liu, Tiebang

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers (MWs) who are employed in service industry are a rapidly growing population in urban China. Like other MWs, service industry MWs (SIMWs) are generally excluded from the mainstream of city societies, but unlike other MWs, they are more marginalized in cities. Social isolation increases the feelings of loneliness; however, there are little empirical data on the epidemiology of loneliness of SIMWs. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of loneliness among SIMWs in Shenzhen, China. By using respondent-driven sampling, 1979 SIMWs were recruited and administered with standardized questionnaires to collect data on sociodemographics, physical health, and migration-related characteristics. Loneliness and social support were measured with a single-item self-report question “Do you feel lonely often?” and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), respectively. 18.3% of SIMWs reported feeling lonely often. Being aged 60 years or older (odds ratio [OR] = 2.30), marital status of “others” (OR = 2.77), being physically ill in the last 2 weeks (OR = 1.46), migrating alone (OR = 1.97), working >8 hours/day (OR = 1.06), MSPSS inside family subscale score ≤18 (OR = 1.80), and MSPSS outside family subscale score ≤38 (OR = 1.50) were significantly associated with increased risk of loneliness in SIMWs. Loneliness is prevalent in Chinese SIMWs and should be seen as a major public health issue. The high prevalence and many negative health consequences of loneliness highlight the importance of routine screening, evaluation, and treatment of loneliness in this vulnerable population. PMID:27310992

  11. Prevalence and correlates of loneliness among Chinese service industry migrant workers: A cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Baoliang; Xu, Yanmin; Jin, Dong; Zou, Xiaowei; Liu, Tiebang

    2016-06-01

    Chinese rural-to-urban migrant workers (MWs) who are employed in service industry are a rapidly growing population in urban China. Like other MWs, service industry MWs (SIMWs) are generally excluded from the mainstream of city societies, but unlike other MWs, they are more marginalized in cities. Social isolation increases the feelings of loneliness; however, there are little empirical data on the epidemiology of loneliness of SIMWs. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of loneliness among SIMWs in Shenzhen, China. By using respondent-driven sampling, 1979 SIMWs were recruited and administered with standardized questionnaires to collect data on sociodemographics, physical health, and migration-related characteristics. Loneliness and social support were measured with a single-item self-report question "Do you feel lonely often?" and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), respectively. 18.3% of SIMWs reported feeling lonely often. Being aged 60 years or older (odds ratio [OR] = 2.30), marital status of "others" (OR = 2.77), being physically ill in the last 2 weeks (OR = 1.46), migrating alone (OR = 1.97), working >8 hours/day (OR = 1.06), MSPSS inside family subscale score ≤18 (OR = 1.80), and MSPSS outside family subscale score ≤38 (OR = 1.50) were significantly associated with increased risk of loneliness in SIMWs. Loneliness is prevalent in Chinese SIMWs and should be seen as a major public health issue. The high prevalence and many negative health consequences of loneliness highlight the importance of routine screening, evaluation, and treatment of loneliness in this vulnerable population.

  12. Interstate Migrant Education Task Force: Migrant Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

    Because ill-clothed, sick, or hungry migrant children learn poorly, the Task Force has emphasized the migrant health situation in 1979. Migrant workers have a 33% shorter life expectancy, a 25% higher infant mortality rate, and a 25% higher death rate from tuberculosis and other communicable diseases than the national average. Common among…

  13. Analysis on investigation on requirements for preventing occupational hazards among migrant workers%农民工职业危害防护需求意愿调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海青; 白杰; 刘继倩; 汪萍; 谢婷; 席韵; 刘美玉; 徐莺; 苏华林

    2011-01-01

    To investigate requirements for preventing occupational hazards among migrant workers and to investigate their attitudes about the effect of preventing occupational hazards in company. To analyze the relationship between their requirements and their action about preventing occupational hazards. To random sample 12 industry businesses which consist of mainly migrant workers in one district and to investigate migrant workers with questionnaire. There were 409 male migrant workers and 157 female ones responding the questionnaire. They were exposed in more than one occupational hazard at workplace. The migrant workers who had elementary education degree and beneath accounted for 56. 5 percent of all and less than 40 years old ones accounted for 84. 5 percent of all. 90. 3 percent respondents presented their interest on understanding workplace health and safety (WHS) policy in company, 84. 5 percent respondents wished they could participate the WHS decision-making in company, 88. 0 per cent respondents paid more attention on WHS from mass media, 88. 9 per cent respondents indicated their sympathy with injured migrant workers, 88. 5 per cent respondents or above showed their interest on participating WHS training, participating occupational medical examination and wearing personal protective equipment. By contrast, 44. 5 per cent respondents accepted the legal content about occupational prevention in labor contract, 48. 9 per cent respondents ac-cepted the current policy on WHS in company, 33.7 per cent respondents presented they might provide their advice on WHS in company. Migrant workers showed their strong requirements on preventing occupational hazards. However, they also showed their dissatisfaction with current WHS situation across company. They prefer to take extremely action to protect their health. However, migrant workers represented lower activity rate of preventing occupational hazards compared with their requirements of preventing occupational hazards.%

  14. Spatial distribution, work patterns, and perception towards malaria interventions among temporary mobile/migrant workers in artemisinin resistance containment zone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wai, Khin Thet; Kyaw, Myat Phone; Oo, Tin; Zaw, PeThet; Nyunt, Myat Htut; Thida, Moe; Kyaw, Thar Tun

    2014-05-17

    Mobile populations are at a high risk of malaria infection and suspected to carry and spread resistant parasites. The Myanmar National Malaria Control Programme focuses on preventive interventions and vector control measures for the temporary mobile/migrant workers in Myanmar Artemisinin Resistance Containment Zones. A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012 in Kawthaung and Bokepyin townships of Tanintharyi Region, Myanmar, covering 192 mobile/migrant aggregates. The objectives were to identify the spatial distribution of the mobile/migrant populations, and to assess knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, and practices concerning malaria prevention and control, and their preferred methods of interventions. The structure of the 192 migrant aggregates was investigated using a migrant mapping tool. Individual and household information was collected by structured interviews of 408 respondents from 39 aggregates, supplemented by 12 in-depth interviews of health care providers, authorities, volunteers, and employers. Data were analyzed by triangulating quantitative and qualitative data. The primary reasons for the limitation in access to formal health services for suspected malaria within 24 hours were identified to be scattered distribution of migrant aggregates, variable working hours and the lack of transportation. Only 19.6% of respondents reported working at night from dusk to dawn. Among study populations, 73% reported a perceived risk of contracting malaria and 60% reported to know how to confirm a suspected case of malaria. Moreover, only 15% was able to cite correct antimalarial drugs, and less than 10% believed that non-compliance with antimalarial treatment may be related to the risk of drug resistance. About 50% of study population reported to seeking health care from the public sector, and to sleep under ITNs/LLINs the night before the survey. There was a gap in willingness to buy ITNs/LLINs and affordability (88.5% vs. 60.2%) which may affect

  15. The protective functions of relationships, social support and self-esteem in the life satisfaction of children of migrant workers in Shanghai, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Daniel Fu Keung; Chang, Yingli; He, Xuesong; Wu, Qiaobing

    2010-03-01

    At present, China has approximately 20 million migrant school-aged children accompanying their parents in relocating to the cities. However, very little is known about them. Using a resilience framework, the present study attempted to examine the psychosocial factors affecting their life satisfaction in Shanghai, China. A total of 625 migrant children were recruited from 10 schools in Shanghai through a cross-sectional survey design using multi-stage cluster sampling method. The questionnaire included measures of life satisfaction, self-esteem, social support, relationships at school and the parent-child and peer relationships. Hierarchical regression analysis was performed to explore the relative effects of different relationship domains, self-esteem and social support on the life satisfaction of migrant children. The results suggested that parent-child and peer relationships significantly influenced the life satisfaction of children of migrant workers. Relationships in school did not exert such effect. Both social support and self-esteem had significant effects on the life satisfaction of migrant children. Relationship factors, social support and self-esteem are critical factors affecting the life satisfaction of migrant children. The findings and implications were discussed in relation to developmental and migration-related issues and the social contexts of the lives of children of migrant workers in Shanghai, China.

  16. Comparing point-of-care A1C and random plasma glucose for screening diabetes in migrant farm workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wensil, Ashley M; Smith, Jennifer D; Pound, Melanie W; Herring, Charles

    2013-01-01

    To compare point-of-care (POC) glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) and random plasma glucose (RPG) as a POC screening tool for prediabetes and diabetes in migrant farm workers of eastern North Carolina. Prospective, observational, single-center study. Federally qualified community health center in eastern North Carolina, from August to October 2011. Migrant farm workers 18 years or older who resided in a migrant camp in eastern North Carolina. Diabetes screening using POC A1C and RPG via fingerstick followed by venipuncture A1C and basic metabolic panel in individuals with a positive screening. Positive predictive value (PPV) of POC A1C and RPG, incidence of positive screening, incidence of confirmed diagnosis, concordance rate of the screening tools, and correlation between POC A1C and laboratory A1C. 206 workers participated in the screenings; screening identified 39 individuals with a POC A1C greater than 5.7% and 1 individual with both an RPG of 200 mg/dL or more and a POC A1C greater than 5.7%. Of the 39 individuals found to have a positive screening, 24 presented to Carolina Family Health Centers, Inc., for follow-up venipuncture; however, 1 participant did not have a venipuncture A1C, leaving 23 individuals with complete data. Two participants were diagnosed with diabetes and 17 with prediabetes. POC A1C had a PPV of 82.6%; however, the PPV of RPG could not be calculated due to the number of participants lost to follow-up. POC A1C correlated well with laboratory A1C regardless of time to follow-up. POC A1C should be considered for diabetes screening in high-risk populations. If the screening had been performed with RPG alone, 38 individuals would have gone undetected. Early identification of individuals with elevated blood glucose will likely decrease the risk of long-term complications.

  17. [Targeted screening proposed in 6 migrant worker housing units in Paris in 2005: feasibility and impact study.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deniaud, François; Legros, Pascale; Collignon, Anne; Prévôt, Michel; Domingo, Anita; Ayache, Bernard

    2008-01-01

    Within the framework of the Mobile Radiological TB Screening Unit of the Health Department of Paris (DASES), six migrant worker housing units were selected to benefit from the presence of a health care professional on-site. This presence would ensure that following a chest X-Ray, residents would be offered the possibility of an interview with a general practitioner about Schistosoma haematobium (Sch. h.) including: collection of a urine specimen on-site (microscopic detection of eggs performed at the lab the next day), and free medical consultation (CDO) in a neighbouring municipal free clinic proposed to people expressing a health problem. The objective is to assess feasibility and impact of screenings undertaken on-site and thereafter, within free clinics. CDO have been created for precarious populations by the DASES in 1998. 97 persons received an individual interview, of which 52 have undergone Sch. h. screening. 3 cases were found (5.7%). 57 persons went to the CDO out of 75 to whom it was offered (18 no-show). In total, 33 pathologies were detected among 24 patients: HBV infection (7 cases), Sch. h. (9 cases), intestinal parasitic infection (5 cases), sexually transmitted infection (2 cases), HIV-2 infection (1 case) and fewer non infectious diseases. The treatable diseases detected have all been treated free of charge. Community health services which involve screening and assessment by going directly to those persons in migrant worker housings is worthwhile for Sch. h. (although it is less efficient on-site than in CDO) and for HBV screening. This personalized, individual, and targeted contact supports the development trust and confidence of the migrants in order to then visit a GP and a social worker in a Municipal Clinic. But the follow-up of people diagnosed with a chronic disease is uncertain and costly for patients without full social security coverage. The continuation of such prevention programmes is recommended in such housing units.

  18. Migrant Workers in Malaysia: Current Implications of Sociodemographic and Environmental Characteristics in the Transmission of Intestinal Parasitic Infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahimin, Norhidayu; Lim, Yvonne A L; Ariffin, Farnaza; Behnke, Jerzy M; Lewis, John W; Mohd Zain, Siti Nursheena

    2016-11-01

    A cross-sectional study of intestinal parasitic infections amongst migrant workers in Malaysia was conducted. A total of 388 workers were recruited from five sectors including manufacturing, construction, plantation, domestic and food services. The majority were recruited from Indonesia (n = 167, 43.3%), followed by Nepal (n = 81, 20.9%), Bangladesh (n = 70, 18%), India (n = 47, 12.1%) and Myanmar (n = 23, 5.9.2%). A total of four nematode species (Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Enterobius vermicularis and hookworms), one cestode (Hymenolepis nana) and three protozoan species (Entamoeba histolytica/dispar, Giardia sp. and Cryptosporidium spp.) were identified. High prevalence of infections with A. lumbricoides (43.3%) was recorded followed by hookworms (13.1%), E. histolytica/dispar (11.6%), Giardia sp. (10.8%), T. trichura (9.5%), Cryptosporodium spp. (3.1%), H. nana (1.8%) and E. vermicularis (0.5%). Infections were significantly influenced by socio-demographic (nationality), and environmental characteristics (length of working years in the country, employment sector and educational level). Up to 84.0% of migrant workers from Nepal and 83.0% from India were infected with intestinal parasites, with the ascarid nematode A. lumbricoides occurring in 72.8% of the Nepalese and 68.1% of the Indian population. In addition, workers with an employment history of less than a year or newly arrived in Malaysia were most likely to show high levels of infection as prevalence of workers infected with A. lumbricoides was reduced from 58.2% to 35.4% following a year's residence. These findings suggest that improvement is warranted in public health and should include mandatory medical screening upon entry into the country.

  19. Migrant Workers in Malaysia: Current Implications of Sociodemographic and Environmental Characteristics in the Transmission of Intestinal Parasitic Infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahimin, Norhidayu; Lim, Yvonne A. L.; Ariffin, Farnaza; Behnke, Jerzy M.; Lewis, John W.

    2016-01-01

    A cross-sectional study of intestinal parasitic infections amongst migrant workers in Malaysia was conducted. A total of 388 workers were recruited from five sectors including manufacturing, construction, plantation, domestic and food services. The majority were recruited from Indonesia (n = 167, 43.3%), followed by Nepal (n = 81, 20.9%), Bangladesh (n = 70, 18%), India (n = 47, 12.1%) and Myanmar (n = 23, 5.9.2%). A total of four nematode species (Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Enterobius vermicularis and hookworms), one cestode (Hymenolepis nana) and three protozoan species (Entamoeba histolytica/dispar, Giardia sp. and Cryptosporidium spp.) were identified. High prevalence of infections with A. lumbricoides (43.3%) was recorded followed by hookworms (13.1%), E. histolytica/dispar (11.6%), Giardia sp. (10.8%), T. trichura (9.5%), Cryptosporodium spp. (3.1%), H. nana (1.8%) and E. vermicularis (0.5%). Infections were significantly influenced by socio-demographic (nationality), and environmental characteristics (length of working years in the country, employment sector and educational level). Up to 84.0% of migrant workers from Nepal and 83.0% from India were infected with intestinal parasites, with the ascarid nematode A. lumbricoides occurring in 72.8% of the Nepalese and 68.1% of the Indian population. In addition, workers with an employment history of less than a year or newly arrived in Malaysia were most likely to show high levels of infection as prevalence of workers infected with A. lumbricoides was reduced from 58.2% to 35.4% following a year’s residence. These findings suggest that improvement is warranted in public health and should include mandatory medical screening upon entry into the country. PMID:27806046

  20. Migrant Workers in Malaysia: Current Implications of Sociodemographic and Environmental Characteristics in the Transmission of Intestinal Parasitic Infections.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norhidayu Sahimin

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available A cross-sectional study of intestinal parasitic infections amongst migrant workers in Malaysia was conducted. A total of 388 workers were recruited from five sectors including manufacturing, construction, plantation, domestic and food services. The majority were recruited from Indonesia (n = 167, 43.3%, followed by Nepal (n = 81, 20.9%, Bangladesh (n = 70, 18%, India (n = 47, 12.1% and Myanmar (n = 23, 5.9.2%. A total of four nematode species (Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Enterobius vermicularis and hookworms, one cestode (Hymenolepis nana and three protozoan species (Entamoeba histolytica/dispar, Giardia sp. and Cryptosporidium spp. were identified. High prevalence of infections with A. lumbricoides (43.3% was recorded followed by hookworms (13.1%, E. histolytica/dispar (11.6%, Giardia sp. (10.8%, T. trichura (9.5%, Cryptosporodium spp. (3.1%, H. nana (1.8% and E. vermicularis (0.5%. Infections were significantly influenced by socio-demographic (nationality, and environmental characteristics (length of working years in the country, employment sector and educational level. Up to 84.0% of migrant workers from Nepal and 83.0% from India were infected with intestinal parasites, with the ascarid nematode A. lumbricoides occurring in 72.8% of the Nepalese and 68.1% of the Indian population. In addition, workers with an employment history of less than a year or newly arrived in Malaysia were most likely to show high levels of infection as prevalence of workers infected with A. lumbricoides was reduced from 58.2% to 35.4% following a year's residence. These findings suggest that improvement is warranted in public health and should include mandatory medical screening upon entry into the country.

  1. Female Genital Mutilation: perceptions of healthcare professionals and the perspective of the migrant families

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaplan-Marcusán Adriana

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Female Genital Mutilation (FGM is a traditional practice which is harmful to health and is profoundly rooted in many Sub-Saharan African countries. It is estimated that between 100 and 140 million women around the world have been victims of some form of FGM and that each year 3 million girls are at risk of being submitted to these practices. As a consequence of the migratory phenomena, the problems associated with FGM have extended to the Western countries receiving the immigrants. The practice of FGM has repercussions on the physical, psychic, sexual and reproductive health of women, severely deteriorating their current and future quality of life. Primary healthcare professionals are in a privileged position to detect and prevent these situations of risk which will be increasingly more present in Spain. Methods/Design The objective of the study is to describe the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the primary healthcare professionals, working in 25 health care centres in Barcelona and Girona regions, regarding FGM, as well as to investigate the perception of this subject among the migrant communities from countries with strong roots in these practices. A transversal descriptive study will be performed with a questionnaire to primary healthcare professionals and migrant healthcare users. Using a questionnaire specifically designed for this study, we will evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and skills of the healthcare professionals to approach this problem. In a sub-study, performed with a similar methodology but with the participation of cultural mediators, the perceptions of the migrant families in relation to their position and expectancies in view of the result of preventive interventions will be determined. Variables related to the socio-demographic aspects, knowledge of FGM (types, cultural origin, geographic distribution and ethnicity, evaluation of attitudes and beliefs towards FGM and previous contact or experience

  2. 新生代农民工诚信问题研究%Study on Credibility of the New Generation of Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯玲

    2011-01-01

    Combined with the characteristics of current generation of migrant workers, and in response to the credibility of new generation migrant workers, some constructive advices on the credibility education of new generation migrant workers were proposed so as to improve the competitiveness of careers, expand the space, and enhance the stability of employment.%结合现阶段时新生代农民工的特点,针对新生代农民工诚信问题进行分析,提出现阶段对新生代农民工诚信教育的政策性建议,以期提高新生代农民工择业的竞争力,拓宽发展空间,增强就业的稳定性.

  3. 试议战略性的建筑业农民工管理思路%A Proposal on the Strategic Management of Construction Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高笑霜

    2013-01-01

    “民工荒”是人口红利问题在建筑业的突出表现;解决农民工问题的根本和建筑业未来发展的根本都在于实施战略性的农民工管理,其核心是一种面向发展的、实现农民工和建筑业共同发展的管理.%The shortage of migrant workers is the significant performance of the demographic dividend problem in the construction industry, so solutions to the migrant workers problem and the future development of construction industry is the implementation of strategic management, and its core is a kind of management which can implement the development of the migrant workers and the construction industry.

  4. 农民工权益及其保障的法治探析%On Migrant Workers' Rights and the Protection Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明

    2012-01-01

    Migrant workers are a special group. Based on their vulnerable situation, the paper focuses on the connotation of migrant workers' rights and the law system of safeguard, which has an important guiding significance for the maintenance of migrant workers' legitimate rights and the construction of a harmonious society.%基于农民工特殊群体及其弱势处境的具体状况,着重探析农民工权益的内涵及其保障的法治化机制,对维护农民工合法权益以及建设和谐社会具有重要的指导意义。

  5. 农民工职业意识缺失的成因及对策%Causes of Migrant Workers' Lack of Professional Awareness and the Solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章芳莲; 司汉武

    2012-01-01

    分析了农民工职业缺失的成因,提出了应加大对农村的教育投入、加强农民工的职业培训以及建立农民工职业素质考核机制和监督机制等可行性建议,以有效解决农民工职业意识缺失的现状.%The paper analyzed the causes of migrant workers' lack of professional awareness, and then proposed the solutions of improving the investment in rural education, enhancing the vocational training of migrant workers, establishing the assessment and monitoring system for the professional quality of migrant workers.

  6. Project Salud: Using community-based participatory research to culturally adapt an HIV prevention intervention in the Latino migrant worker community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez, Jesús; Serna, Claudia A; de La Rosa, Mario

    2012-01-01

    Despite the unique and challenging circumstances confronting Latino migrant worker communities in the U.S., debate still exists as to the need to culturally adapt evidence-based interventions for dissemination with this population. Project Salud adopted a community-based participatory research model and utilized focus group methodology with 83 Latino migrant workers to explore the relevance of culturally adapting an evidence-based HIV prevention intervention to be disseminated within this population. Findings from this study indicate that, despite early reservations, Latino migrant workers wanted to participate in the cultural adaptation that would result in an intervention that was culturally relevant, respectful, responsive to their life experiences, and aligned with their needs. This study contributes to the cultural adaptation/fidelity debate by highlighting the necessity of exploring ways to develop culturally adapted interventions characterized by high cultural relevance without sacrificing high fidelity to the core components that have established efficacy for evidence-based HIV prevention interventions.

  7. Health risk assessment of migrant workers' exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls in air and dust in an e-waste recycling area in China: Indication for a new wealth gap in environmental rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yalin; Hu, Jinxing; Lin, Wei; Wang, Ning; Li, Cheng; Luo, Peng; Hashmi, Muhammad Zaffar; Wang, Wenbo; Su, Xiaomei; Chen, Chen; Liu, Yindong; Huang, Ronglang; Shen, Chaofeng

    2016-02-01

    Migrant workers who work and live in polluted environment are a special vulnerable group in the accelerating pace of urbanization and industrialization in China. In the electronic waste (e-waste) recycling area, for example, migrant workers' exposure to pollutants, such as PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), is the result of an informal e-waste recycling process. A village in an electronic waste recycling area where migrant workers gather was surveyed. The migrant workers' daily routines were simulated according to the three-space transition: work place-on the road-home. Indoor air and dust in the migrant workers' houses and workplaces and the ambient air on the roads were sampled. The PCB levels of the air and dust in the places corresponding to the migrant workers are higher than those for local residents. The migrant workers have health risks from PCBs that are 3.8 times greater than those of local residents. This is not only caused by the exposure at work but also by their activity patterns and the environmental conditions of their dwellings. These results revealed the reason for the health risk difference between the migrant workers and local residents, and it also indicated that lifestyle and economic status are important factors that are often ignored compared to occupational exposure.

  8. It is not their war: the impact of military operations on Philippine migrant care workers for elderly people in Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron P

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Pnina Ron School of Social Work, Faculty of Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel Objective: A majority of work immigrants from the Philippines came to Israel to fill positions involving personal and nursing care. Most of them were in Israel during the Second Lebanon War, the Cast Lead operation, and the Protective Edge Operation. These migrant care workers experienced these events no differently than did the Israeli population. The goal of this study was to examine the connections between the Philippine migrant care workers’ exposure to the military operations and the levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD, death anxiety, and burnout among them.Methods: A random sample of 147 Philippine migrant care workers was recruited through four agencies that employ migrant care workers. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire.Results: Philippine migrant care workers reported high levels of PTSD, high levels of death anxiety, and low levels of burnout. Levels of exposure were positively associated with levels of PTSD, death anxiety, and negatively with burnout. A significant inverse relationship was found between interpersonal variables (self-esteem and sense of mastery and the PTSD, death anxiety, and burnout levels reported by the participants. Keywords: elderly care, death anxiety, work immigrants, burnout, military operations

  9. Study on Present Situation of Endowment Insurance System of Rural Migrant Workers%农民工养老保险制度现状的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代杰

    2015-01-01

    The number of migrant workers is increasingly growing ,which makes outstanding contribution to China's modernization ,and to a certain extent ,the problem of rural surplus labor was solved .Howev‐er ,it causes lots of problems in pension insurance system for migrant workers lots of problems in pension insurance system for migrant workers such as surrender and declinature .Based on the analysis of the cur‐rent situation of the rural migrant workers in China ,the number of migrant workers was predicted .The type of current pension insurance for migrant workers was expounded ,the shortcoming of the current pen‐sion insurance system were analyzed ,and the countermeasures and suggestions were put forward .%农民工队伍日益壮大,为中国现代化建设做出了突出贡献,并在一定程度上解决了农村劳动力富余的问题。然而,农民工的养老保险制度却存在着很多问题,引发了严重的退保、拒保现象。在分析我国农民工现状的基础上,对农民工人数进行了预测,阐述了我国现行的农民工的养老保险的类型,并分析了现行的养老保险制度的不足及对策建议。

  10. among migrant oil workers in the niger delta area of nigeria.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conclusions' This study confirms the existence of HRSB among migrant oil ... is therefore advisable to focus interventionist and prevention programmes on this group which appear to be ..... exotic. probably as a symbol of high social or class.

  11. A Descriptive Profile of Abused Female Sex Workers in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Sethulakshmi C.; Sivaram, Sudha; Srikrishnan, A.K.; Zelaya, Carla; Solomon, Suniti; Go, Vivian F.; Celentano, David

    2010-01-01

    This descriptive study presents the profiles of abused female sex workers (FSWs) in Chennai, India. Of 100 abused FSWs surveyed using a structured questionnaire, severe forms of violence by intimate partners were reported by most (98%) respondents. Of the total sample, 76% experienced violence by clients. Sexual coercion experiences of the FSWs included verbal threats (77%) and physical force (87%) by intimate partners and forced unwanted sexual acts (73%) by clients. While 39% of the women consumed alcohol before meeting a client, 26% reported that their drunkenness was a trigger for violence by clients. The findings suggest that there is an urgent need to integrate services, along with public-health interventions among FSWs to protect them from violence. Recognition of multiple identities of women in the contexts of intimate relationships versus sex work is vital in helping women to stay safe from adverse effects on health. PMID:20635631

  12. 我国农民工社会保障问题探析%Studing on social security problems of migrant rural workers in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄建萍

    2012-01-01

    Based on analyzing current problems in social security of China's migrant rural workers,the topic of constructing social security system for migrant rural workers was discussed,and its countermeasures were put forward.%在分析当前我国农民工社会保障现状及存在问题的基础上,就构建农民工社会保障制度问题进行探讨,提出对策建议。

  13. Evolution and Reflection on the Migrant Workers Housing Policy%农民工住房政策的演进与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾国安; 杨宁

    2014-01-01

    Migrant workers made great contributions to the economic and social development, but their housing conditions are the worst in the city’s residents. In order to solve the housing problems of migrant workers, the government has established a series of related policies, which focus on how to provide basic housing conditions for migrant workers. In general ,the evolution of rural migrant workers’ housing policies can be divided into two phases: the first stage is aimed at solving housing problem of the housing difficulties for this particular low-income groups, the second phase is aimed at making migrant workers enjoy basic housing security rights. Migrant workers’ housing policy has played a positive role to solve the housing problems of migrant workers, but there still are many problems need to study and solve. According to the characteristics of migrant workers and the long-term trend in the development of urbanization and rural, we should make the macro top-level design for migrant workers’ housing policy.%农民工对城市经济社会的发展做出了巨大的贡献,但在城市居民中他们的住房条件却是最差的。为了解决农民工的住房问题,政府出台了多项相关政策,政策的重点是如何向农民工提供基本居住条件。农民工住房政策的演进大体上可以划分为两个阶段:第一阶段是将农民工住房政策定位于解决农民工这一特殊的城市低收入住房困难群体的住房问题,第二阶段是定位于农民工享有基本住房保障权利。农民工住房政策对于解决农民工住房问题发挥了积极的作用,但还有许多问题需要研究和解决,应该根据城镇化发展的长期趋势和农民工的特点做好农民工住房政策的宏观的顶层设计。

  14. Hepatitis E--an important cause of imported non-A, non-B hepatitis among migrant workers in Qatar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shidrawi, R G; Skidmore, S J; Coleman, J C; Dayton, R; Murray-Lyon, I M

    1994-08-01

    In 1985, Glynn et al. [Journal of Medical Virology 17:371-375] reported on epidemic viral hepatitis in Qatar and concluded that 72% (91/126) had acute enterically transmitted non-A, non-B viral hepatitis (ET-NANBH). Most of the patients (98%) presented within 8 weeks of arrival in Qatar and were migrant workers from the Indian subcontinent. The data was reanalysed for evidence of infection with hepatitis E virus (HEV). Seventy-eight of 91 (86%) of stored sera were still suitable for analysis since collection in 1981. A newly described enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for both IgG and IgM anti-HEV was used (Abbott Laboratories, Delkenheim, Germany); 59/78 (76%) were positive for either or both assays. All but two were from the Indian subcontinent. The data suggest that HEV was the major cause of ET-NANBH in Qatar in 1981, particularly among newly arrived migrant workers from the Indian subcontinent.

  15. A discourse on creating and rendering educational and cultural enrichment services to rural migrant workers by public libraries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Zizhou; Charles; C.Yan

    2009-01-01

    As far as China’s enormous success in her economic reforms and development is concerned,Chinese rural migrant workers indeed have had their biggest share of contributions.Yet ironically in return,they have only received a disproportionate meager share of benefit rewards.These people represent a huge economically deprived group at the bottom of the social totem pole in China’s metropolises.On the whole as a social group,their educational attainment is relatively low as compared to their average urban coworkers.As such being the case,their rights to access some of the cost-free cultural and educational enrichment programs in the society are limited and not always assured.Nevertheless and in general speaking,they manifest a strong and consistent desire to acquire all sorts of new and practical knowledge by means of accessing the resources and facilities of their local public libraries.It is suggested in this paper that public libraries are in a good position to give strong support to the central government’s strategic planning for the development of a public culture service systema).In implementing such a government initiative with an unswerving purpose of advancing social justice and equality,public libraries should strife to provide as many as possible their library services at no cost to the public,especially to those socially deprived rural migrant workers.

  16. Effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention on improving thehand-washing skills and behaviors of migrant workers in Beijing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chong; Hu, Junfeng; Tao, Maoxuan; Li, Yubo; Chai, Yan; Ning, Yan; Li, Li; Xiao, Qin

    2016-05-09

    This study explores the effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention featuring a combination of tailored print and video (TPV) and peer education on improving the hand-washing skills and behaviors of migrant workers in the capital city of China. In the control group, supportive measures in both policy and environment were adopted. In addition, the intervention group received TPV and peer education. A total of 1496 participants were involved in the baseline and evaluation survey. The results showed that the participants experienced significant changes in developing health behaviors and skills as a whole after the intervention. The intervention effectiveness of hand-washing skills on vendors was relatively small compared with those on restaurant waiters and waitresses (44.3% and 87.2%, respectively). About 81.2 percent of the participants always forgot to carefully wash their thumbs and 81.8 percent failed to properly clean the back of their hands. The multifaceted intervention of this study has helped in improving the hand-washing skills and behaviors of migrant workers. Key steps should be strengthened to enhance the intervention effect. Moreover, the elderly should be given more attention with regards to hand-washing skills.

  17. Project Salud: Efficacy of a community-based HIV prevention intervention for Hispanic migrant workers in south Florida.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez, Jesús; De La Rosa, Mario; Serna, Claudia A

    2013-10-01

    Project Salud evaluates the efficacy of a community-based intervention to reduce risk behaviors and enhance factors for HIV-preventative behaviors. A randomized controlled trial of 278 high risk Latino migrant workers was conducted between 2008 and 2010. Participants completed an audio computer-assisted self-interview questionnaire at baseline and 3- and 9-month post-intervention follow-ups. Participants were randomly assigned to the community-based intervention (A-SEMI) or the health promotion condition (HPC). Both interventions consisted of four 2.5-hour interactive sessions and were structurally equivalent in administration and format. Relative to the comparison condition, A-SEMI participants reported more consistent condom use, were less likely to report never having used condoms, and were more likely to have used condoms at last sexual encounter during the past 90 and 30 days. A-SEMI participants also experienced a positive change in regard to factors for HIV-preventive behaviors over the entire 9-month period. Our results support the implementation of community-based, culturally tailored interventions among Latino migrant workers.

  18. 农民工问题及其解决的法律路径%The Problems of Rural Migrant Workers and Its Legal Solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王少青

    2011-01-01

    Migrant workers should not be disadvantaged. The state should give them equal citizenship rights. Problems of migrant workers have a variety of reasons, China's household registration system is the main reason, and migrant workers have suffered social injustice. Migran to changes in interest caused by the social contradictions migrant workers, we should perfect our lethal system which t Workers in China's social transformation process due and social conflicts. In order to solve the problems of is based on the rule of law%农民工不应是弱势群体,国家应当赋予他们平等的公民权。农民工问题。是在我国社会转型过程中由于利益关系的改变而引起的社会矛盾和社会冲突。农民工问题的产生有多种原因,我国的户籍制度是主因,农民工问题根源在于社会方面的某些不公正。在法治的背景下,依据法治的精神完善我国相关法律制度,是解决农民工问题的重要途径。

  19. [NIGHT SHIFT WORK AND HEALTH DISORDER RISK IN FEMALE WORKERS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kukhtina, E G; Solionova, L G; Fedichkina, T P; Zykova, I E

    2015-01-01

    There was evaluated the risk to health in females employed in shift work, including night shifts. According to the data of periodical medical examinations health indices of 403 females employed in shift work, including night shifts, were compared with indices of 205 females--workers of administrative units of the same enterprise. Overall relative risk (RR) for the health disorder associated with the night shift was 1.2 (95%; confidence interval (CI): 1.09-1.28). A statistically significant increase in risk was observed in relation to uterine fibroids (OR 1.3; 95% CI: 1.06-1.54), mastopathy (OR 1.4; 95% CI: 1.2-1.6), inorganic sleep disorders (OR 8.8; 95% CI 2.6-29.8). At the boundary of the statistical significance there was the increase in the risk for obesity (OR 1.2; 95% C: 0.97-1.39), hypertension (OR 1.2; 95% CI, 0.9-1.5) and endometriosis (OR 1.5; 95% CI: 0.98-2.16). There was revealed an adverse effect of night shifts on the gestation course: ectopic pregnancy in the experimental group occurred 6.6 times more frequently than in the control group (95% CI: 0.87-50.2), and spontaneous abortion--1.7 times (95% CI: 0.95-3.22). The performed study has once again confirmed the negative impact of smoking on women's reproductive health: smoking women in the experimental group compared with the control group smokers had 2.7 times increased risk of uterine fibroids (within 1.06-7.0), the risk in non-smokers was significantly lower--1.2 (0.98-1.4). The findings suggest about a wide range of health problems related to employment on shift work, including night shifts, which indicates to the need for adoption of regulatory and preventive measures aimed to this professional group.

  20. Exploring TB-Related Knowledge, Attitude, Behaviour, and Practice among Migrant Workers in Tajikistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Gilpin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A knowledge, attitude, behaviour, and practice survey was conducted among labour migrants in Tajikistan to elucidate key factors influencing access to tuberculosis diagnosis and care both in their labour destination country and at home. 509 labour migrants were interviewed in Khaton and Rasht Valley regions in Tajikistan using a standardised questionnaire. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted among ten tuberculosis patients who had recently worked abroad. The study showed that migrants have increased vulnerability to tuberculosis due to the working and living conditions in the destination country and that access to health services is limited due to their legal status or the high cost of health services abroad. The average knowledge of migrants regarding tuberculosis is low and misconceptions are frequent. In Tajikistan, although tuberculosis drugs are usually provided free of charge, tuberculosis diagnosis and ancillary treatment are charged, thus creating a significant financial burden for patients and their families. Improving the access of labour migrants to affordable early diagnosis and treatment in both host countries and Tajikistan is a priority.

  1. Migrant Workers Housing: Consumption Characteristics and Supply Tactics%农民工住房的消费特征与供应策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周滔; 吕萍

    2011-01-01

    基于农民工的住房消费特征,采用计量经济分析,测算农民工的住房边际消费倾向及收入不确定性对住房消费的影响,分析农民工住房供给存在结构性失衡的原因,提出改善农民工住房供给状况的政策建议.结果表明,农民工的住房消费较城镇居民或农村居民更趋保守和谨慎,且收入不确定性对农民工住房消费的影响较大,农民工收入的增加对住房消费增长的刺激作用远小于对其他消费的刺激作用.因此,政府在制定农民工住房供给计划时应充分考虑到农民工的消费特征,采取多种综合措施,联合社会力量,多层面、多方位地实现农民工住房的有效供给.%Based on housing consumption characteristics of migrant workers, the paper estimates the trend of marginal propensity to housing consumption of migrant workers and the impact of income uncertainty on housing consumption,analyzes the reasons why there is structrual imbalance in the housing supply for migrant workers, and gives policy recommendations for improving the housing supply situation. The results show that migrant workers are more conserative and cautious in housing consumption than urban and rural residents; uncertainty of income has a great impact on housing consumption of migiant workers; and stimulus of increasing income on housing consumption is far less than that on other consumption Therefore, in the formation process of housing supply plans for migrant workers govemment should cake into account migrant workers' consumption characteristics, adopt comprehensive measures, and join forces with society to achieve multi-level and multi-faceted target in the effective housing supply for migrant workers.

  2. Health status in an invisible population: carnival and migrant worker children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilanowski, Jill F; Ryan-Wenger, Nancy A

    2007-02-01

    One goal of Healthy People 2010 (2003) is to close the gap of disparities in access to care and health. The purpose of this descriptive exploratory study was to evaluate health status indicators in the children of itinerant carnival and migrant farmworkers aged birth to 12 years. Health status outcomes (immunization records, well-child examinations, dental health status, and growth parameters) were compared between the two groups and to national averages to identify health disparities. All forms were available in Spanish and English. A total of 97 children were recruited for this study: 45 carnival children and 52 migrant farmworker children.

  3. Factors associated with condom use negotiation by female sex workers in Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alam, Nazmul; Chowdhury, Mahbub Elahi; Mridha, Malay K; Ahmed, Anisuddin; Reichenbach, Laura J; Streatfield, Peter Kim; Azim, Tasnim

    2013-10-01

    Negotiation for condom use by female sex workers with their male clients can enhance condom use. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1395 female sex workers; 439 from two brothels, 442 from 30 hotels, and 514 from streets of two cities in Bangladesh to determine the predictors of condom use negotiation. Consistent condom use rates in the 7 days prior to interview were reported to be 16.2%, 21.7%, and 4.5% among the brothel, hotel, and street-based female sex workers, respectively. Overall, 28.1% of female sex workers negotiated for condom use with their clients. Participation in behaviour change communication (BCC) programmes (AOR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.2-2.0) and self-perceived risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection (AOR, 1.8 95% CI, 1.6-2.1) were positive predictors for condom negotiation. Compared to the hotel-based female sex workers, street (AOR, 0.6; 95% CI, 0.4-0.9) and brothel-based female sex workers (AOR, 0.7; 95% CI, 0.5-0.9) were less likely to negotiate for condom use. Female sex workers in Bangladesh are at high risk for sexually transmitted infection / human immunodeficiency virus infection because of low overall negotiation for condom use. Participation in BCC programmes had positive effect on condom negotiation by female sex workers, and should be strengthened in commercial sex venues.

  4. High human immunodeficiency virus incidence in a cohort of Rwandan female sex workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.L. Braunstein; C.M. Ingabire; E. Kestelyn; A.U. Uwizera; L. Mwamarangwe; J. Ntirushwa; D. Nash; N.J. Veldhuijzen; A. Nel; J. Vyankandondera; J.H.H.M. van de Wijgert

    2011-01-01

    Measurement of human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) incidence among female sex workers in Rwanda is a key part of preparing for HIV prevention trials. HIV-negative, nonpregnant female sex workers (N =397) were tested for HIV-1, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy quarterly for 12 months, and

  5. International migration from non-endemic settings as a protective factor for HIV/STI risk among female sex workers in Vancouver, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldenberg, Shira M; Liu, Vivian; Nguyen, Paul; Chettiar, Jill; Shannon, Kate

    2015-02-01

    Given heterogeneous evidence regarding the impacts of migration on HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs), we explored factors associated with international migration among FSWs in Vancouver, Canada. We draw on baseline questionnaire and HIV/STI testing data from a community-based cohort, AESHA, from 2010-2012. Logistic regression identified correlates of international migration. Of 650 FSWs, 163 (25.1%) were international migrants, who primarily worked in formal indoor establishments. HIV/STI prevalence was lower among migrants than Canadian-born women (5.5 vs. 25.9%). In multivariate analysis, international migration was positively associated with completing high school, supporting dependents, and paying a third party, and negatively associated with HIV, injecting drugs and inconsistent condom use with clients. Although migrants experience lower workplace harms and HIV risk than Canadian-born women, they face concerning levels of violence, police harassment, and HIV/STIs. Research exploring structural and socio-cultural factors shaping risk mitigation and migrants' access to support remains needed.

  6. 亳州市外出人员疟疾发病与外出史关系研究%Investigation on relationship between malaria incidence and migrant history of migrant farmer workers and their family members in Bozhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程健生; 王建军; 许娴

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between malaria incidence and migrant history of migrant farmer workers, and provide scientific basis for controlling and preventing malaria effectively in migrant farmer workers and their family members. Methods Malaria incidence, migrant type, returning situation of migrant farmer workers during the period from 2007 to 2009 were investigated retrospectively in 20 villages from 4 counties with general investigation method. Results In 2007 - 2009, incidence of malaria in migrant one year, two years, three years, four or more years population was 33. 4/10 000, 21. 2/10 000, 8. 8/10 000, 8. 2/10 000, respectively. Test showed that the difference among the incidence of four groups was statistically significant (P 0. 05). There was significant difference between migrant one year population and migrant three years, migrant four or more years population ( all P 0. 05). Ratio of malaria incidence in migrant three years, four or more years population and local population was 0. 294 (95% CI:0. 181-0. 477). Conclusions Migrant one year, migrant two years population and returning population in migrant three years, and migrant four or more years population in malaria transmission season were key risk population, we should strengthen intervention for the population.%目的 探讨外出人员疟疾发病与外出史关系,为有效开展外出人员疟疾防治提供科学依据.方法 对亳州市4县区20个疟疾高发行政村2007-2009年外出人员疟疾发病、外出类型、返乡与否和未外出人员疟疾发病进行回顾性调查.结果 2007-2009年1年、连续2年、连续3年、连续4年及以上外出类型人员疟疾发病率分别为33.4/万、21.2/万、8.8/万和8.2/万,组间差异有统计学意义(P <0.001),两两比较显示,1年与连续2年差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),高于连续3年、连续4年及以上(均有P <0.05).连续3年、连续4年及以上外出类型中返乡人员疟疾发病

  7. HIV prevention among female sex workers in Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A. Scheibe, F. M. Drame, and K. Shannon

    2012-12-06

    Dec 6, 2012 ... UNAIDS' three pillar approach to HIV prevention and sex work we present an overview of current .... of HIV infection among sex workers compared to the general ... of sub-Saharan African countries, leaving sex workers with.

  8. Analysis of Migrant Workers' Welfare Rights Protection take Henan Migrant Workers as an Example%农民工群体福利权益保障问题的分析——以河南籍农民工为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤秀丽

    2012-01-01

    在当代中国社会转型与变迁过程中,社会流动中的农民工群体一直是一个受到各方关注的特殊群体。从社会保障的视角出发,对农民工群体福利意识、福利获得现状、福利缺失对其心理和生活的影响等进行探讨,期望有助于建立一个更加公平的福利体系,引导农民工群体更好地发展。%in Contemporary Chinese social transformation and changes in the process, groups of migrant workers in social mobility has been a widely concerned special groups. From the perspective of social security, welfare of migrant workers groups around new dis cussion, including migrant workers'welfare consciousness, status, welfare, welfare loss on its life and psychological influence. Based on the foundation, countermeasures and suggestions are put forward to improve the welfare and rights guarantee of the migrant workers in an effort to help build a more equitable welfare system, and promote the development of the migrant workers groups.

  9. A survey of occupational health hazards among 7,610 female workers in China's electronics industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Wenlan; Lao, Xiang Qian; Pang, Shulan; Zhou, Jianjiao; Zhou, Anshou; Zou, Jianfang; Mei, Liangying; Yu, Ignatius Tak-sun

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the occupational hazards among Chinese female workers in the electronics industry, the authors systematically sampled a total of 8,300 female workers at random across 4 provinces in a variety of electronics factories. A detailed questionnaire was used to collect information on occupational hazards and the occurrence of occupation-related diseases. The results show that 4,283 female workers (51.9%) were exposed to 1 or more occupational hazards. The most common chemical hazard was organic solvent, and the second most common was heavy metals. The ergonomic hazards included repetitive movements, poor standing posture, and the lifting of heavy goods. More than 60% of the female workers self-reported occupation-related diseases. These results showed that occupational health hazards were common in the electronics industry in China and that they caused serious occupation-related health problems for the female workers therein.

  10. Major research findings in 1984. Unmarried female factory workers' knowledge, attitude on sexual and contraceptive behaviours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    The Korea Institute for Population and Health (KIPH) conducted a survey from January 1, 1983, to June 30, 1984, to identify the sociopsychological and demographic characteristics of unmarried female factory workers and to develop a strategy for planning and implementing organized sex and family planning education and service programs for unmarried female workers in the factory setting. The respondents were 918 female factory workers in the industrial areas of Guro, Gumi, and Masan. Their average age was 21 years with a 3.4 year work career. Respondents' knowledge level of sex, pregnancy, and contraceptive methods was low. The female factory workers preferred counselors outside rather than inside the work place. Although there was no question about the need for counseling for sexual problems among the female factory workers, their user rate was low.

  11. 新生代农民工市民化的困境%Plight and Countermeasures for the New Generation of Migrant Workers City Residents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施必鸿

    2011-01-01

    新生代农民工市民化面临巨大的困境。促进新生代农民工市民化的途径包括:消除城乡二元体制,实现城乡一体化;落实公民平等权利,推进基本公共服务均等化;更新观念,消除认识障碍;促进就业,保障新生代农民工的劳动权;加大教育培训力度,提升新生代农民工的发展能力。%The new generation of migrant workers face enormous difficulties. The approaches of promoting the generation of migrant workers include: the elimination of urban-rural dual structure, rural and urban integration; implementation of the equal rights of citizens and the equalization of basic public services; the elimination of new ideas and achknowledge barriers; employment promoting, new generation of migrant workers labor rights; education training to enhance the development capacity of the new generation of migrant workers.

  12. 新生代农民工边缘化研究综述%Review of Studies on the Marginalization of Cenozoic Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭立场

    2011-01-01

    Through summarizing the recent achievements by the government and the scholars, based on the present situations of social development and cenozoic migrant workers, the basic rights of cenozoic migrant workers should be safeguarded from concept change, institutional guarantee, atmosphere creation, conditions improvement and self-improvement. The marginalization of cenozoic migrant workers could be effectively solved with the support of government policies, involvement of social organizations and active participation of migrant workers.%通过对政府及学术界已有成果的梳理和归纳,基于社会发展现状及新生代农民工自身情况,提出应从观念转变、制度保障、氛围营造、条件改善及新生代农民工自身能力提升等多方面维护新生代农民工的基本权益.政府政策的支持、社会组织的介入、农民工主体作用的发挥是破解新生代农民工边缘化的有效措施.

  13. 农民工劳动权益保护的诉讼困境%The Lawsuit Dilemma of Labor Rights Protection of Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一帆

    2014-01-01

    农民工群体由于缺乏稳定的经济基础和政治地位,法律维权意识普遍薄弱,在劳动市场上始终处于弱势,就业中劳动权益易被侵犯。而现行立法在保障农民工就业权益的诸多程序和实体设计上有不足之处,导致在劳动争议案件中,农民工一方经常陷入诉讼困境。相关立法应强调对农民工的劳动权益倾斜性保护,改变司法救济路径单一,救济成本高,胜诉难的现状。%Because of the lack of stable economic foundation and political status and generally weak awareness of legal rights , migrant workers are always the vulnerable group .In the labor market , labor rights can be easily infringed .The current legislation has deficiencies in the procedures and designs of protecting migrant workers 'employment rights .So migrant workers often get into litigation dilemma in the labor dispute cases .The relevant legislation should emphasize the protection of labor rights of migrant workers , change the situation of single remedy judicial relief path , high cost and difficulty to win .

  14. Analysis on the endowment insurance of migrant workers in Beijing%北京农民工养老保险问题初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘一林; 孙素芬

    2013-01-01

    Migrant workers, as the product of the era, have contributed immensely to urban development and prosperity. To investigate the endowment insurance status of the migrant workers in Beijing, we employed the method of questionnaire survey to get the first hand data and interviewed a quantity of migrant workers from some counties in Beijing. Based on the analysis of the questionnaires, we pointed out the problems of the current endowment insurance of the migrant workers and brought forward targeted suggestions for the perfection of the endowment insurance policies.%农民工是时代的必然产物.这个特殊的群体为城市的繁荣和发展做出巨大的贡献.为了充分了解北京地区农民工的社会养老保障现状,采取发放调查问卷的方式,并实地走访部分区县的农民工.在分析调研问卷的前提下,指出现行养老保障体系出现的问题,并对改革完善农民工养老保险制度提出针对性建议.

  15. The Dialectics of Assimilation and Multiculturalism: The Case of Children of Refugees and Migrant Workers in the Bialik-Rogozin School, Tel Aviv

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dvir, Nurit; Aloni, Nimrod; Harari, Dor

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on children of refugees and migrant workers from 48 countries who study together in one multicultural school in the city of Tel Aviv, Israel. The context of our study is the current ethos of globalisation and within it the phenomenon of vast migrations and creation of intercultural social realities. The aims of the study were to…

  16. 我国农民工养老保险制度研究%Study on Endowment Insurance System for Migrant Workers in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田绒

    2014-01-01

    随着我国经济的快速发展和城市化的不断推进“,农民工”这个具有中国特色的群体被越来越多的人所关注。因此农民工的社会保障问题一直是中央和地方政府以及国内学术界研究的热门话题。其中,养老保险又是重中之重。首先介绍了农民工养老保险的相关概念,其次分析了当前农民工养老保险工作中存在的问题,最后提出了建立农民工养老保险制度的政策建议。%As the surging economy and urbanization progress,migrant workers which are the unique phenomenon in China are being followed by more and more people.Therefore,their social welfare becomes the hottest issue regarded by central and local government,as well as domestic academic fields.Endowment insurance is given emphasis the most.This thesis first describes the relative concepts of migrant workers endowment insurance.Second,analyzes the current problems of migrant workers endowment insurance work.Finally,related measures proposed to improve migrant workers endowment insurance system.

  17. Investigation and Analysis of Vocational Education for Chinese Migrant Workers of New Generation--Reflection from a Special Investigation in F City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuoxin, Liang

    2013-01-01

    The research has chosen some migrant workers of new generation from different fields in F City to investigate their current situation of vocational education. The research reveals that their education is helpful, mainly in employment, work and the methods of mentorship and further study organized by employers. The research also reveals its…

  18. SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL PATTERNS OF THE MOVEMENT OF SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL MIGRANT CHILDREN INTO WISCONSIN, EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN OF MIGRATORY AGRICULTURAL WORKERS IN WISCONSIN, REPORT 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LINDSEY, HERBERT H.; AND OTHERS

    USEFUL MEANS OF ANTICIPATING THE MOVEMENTS OF MIGRANT CHILDREN INCLUDE ANALYSIS OF CROPS, THE HARVESTING OF WHICH REQUIRES OUT-OF-STATE WORKERS, DISTRIBUTIONAL MAPS OF CROP ACREAGE, NORMAL TIME SCHEDULES FOR CROPS, AND INFORMATION ON AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENTS. SUCH INFORMATION ASSISTS IN THE PLANNING OF SCHOOL PROGRAMS. IN WISCONSIN, MOST MIGRANT…

  19. Driving factors for attracting creative knowledge workers in the Amsterdam metropolitan area. The views of high-skilled employees, managers and transnational migrants

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pethe, H.; Bontje, M.; Pelzer, P.

    2009-01-01

    This report is a synthesis of three previous studies which analysed the attractiveness of the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area (AMA) for three groups: creative knowledge workers and graduates, managers in selected creative knowledge industries and transnational migrants in the creative knowledge industry

  20. Discussion on Humane Care of Construction enterprises to Migrant Workers%谈施工企业对农民工的人文关怀

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李云波

    2012-01-01

    由于经济收入、工作环境、传统观念、企业关注不够等原因造成施工企业的农民工精神文化生活较为匮乏,不利于农民工身心的健康,不利于企业的稳定发展,不利于社会的和谐。施工企业应充分关注农民工的精神文化生活,采取因地制宜、切实可行的措施,给予农民工充分的人文关怀。%Spiritual and cultural life of migrant workers is deficient because of economic income,work environment,traditional beliefs,insufficient attention and other causes in construction enterprises.This situation is not conducive to physical and mental health of migrant workers,the stable development of enterprises and social harmony.Construction companies should give full attention to the cultural life of migrant workers.According to local conditions,construction enterprises should take practical measures to give full humane care to migrant workers.

  1. The Dialectics of Assimilation and Multiculturalism: The Case of Children of Refugees and Migrant Workers in the Bialik-Rogozin School, Tel Aviv

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dvir, Nurit; Aloni, Nimrod; Harari, Dor

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on children of refugees and migrant workers from 48 countries who study together in one multicultural school in the city of Tel Aviv, Israel. The context of our study is the current ethos of globalisation and within it the phenomenon of vast migrations and creation of intercultural social realities. The aims of the study were to…

  2. Understanding the Broader Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Female Sex Workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Karen R; McDowell, Misti; Green, Mackenzie; Jahan, Shamim; Johnson, Laura; Chen, Mario

    2015-12-01

    Little is known about the sexual and reproductive health care needs of female sex workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Survey data were collected from 354 hotel-based and 323 street-based female sex workers using a venue-based stratified cluster sampling approach. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 female sex workers recruited from drop-in centers. We calculated unmet need for family planning and examined fertility desires, use of condoms and other contraceptive methods, experiences with gender-based violence, sexual and reproductive health service needs, and preferences on where to receive services. The prevalence of unmet need was 25% among hotel-based female sex workers and 36% among street-based female sex workers. Almost all participants reported having used condoms in the past 30 days, and 44% of hotel-based sex workers and 30% of street-based sex workers reported dual method use during that period. Condom use was inconsistent, however, and condom breakage and nonuse for extra money were common. Many women reported experiencing gender-based violence. Sexual and reproductive health services had been obtained by 64% of hotel-based and 89% of street-based sex workers in the past six months; drop-in centers were their preferred site for receiving health services. Female sex workers in Dhaka need family planning and other sexual and reproductive health services and prefer receiving them from drop-in centers.

  3. Cyclically-Determined Homeward Flows of Migrant Workers and the Effects of Emigration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayser, Bernard

    This study of the effects of emigrant labor in Europe is focused on the statistics of the homeward flows of migrant labor. The 1966-67 economic recession led to a steep decline in the employment of foreigners and a corresponding increase in the number of returnees home. Cyclicall-determined homeward flows were substantial and numerous and…

  4. It's Not All about Academic Achievement: Supporting the Social and Emotional Needs of Migrant Worker Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Paula Louise

    2013-01-01

    This article arises out of a 3-year qualitative-interpretive study (January 2008-January 2011) which focused on identifying the experiences of children and parents of Eastern European heritage and their teachers, where migrant children enter primary schools which have previously had limited exposure to cultural and linguistic diversity. This paper…

  5. Anakuran: A Proposed Path to Education for Children of Migrant Construction Workers in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, Satarupa Dutta

    2014-01-01

    "If you cannot go to school, the school comes to you." Project Anakuran (the Hindi word for germination) is an innovative design which seeks to provide formal education through Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to the children of migrant construction labourers based at medium and large construction sites in urban locales.…

  6. Beyond Dutch borders: transnational politics among colonial migrants, guest workers and the second generation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mügge, L.

    2010-01-01

    Despite widespread scepticism in receiving societies, migrants often remain loyal to former homelands and stay active in their politics. Beyond Dutch Borders is about such ties. Combining extensive fieldwork with quantitative data, this book compares how transnational political involvement among gue

  7. Bacterial vaginosis in female sex workers in Chennai, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uma, Shanmugasundaram; Balakrishnan, Pachamuthu; Murugavel, Kailapuri G; Srikrishnan, Aylur K; Kumarasamy, Nagalingeswaran; Cecelia, Jebaraj A; Anand, Santhanam; Mayer, Kenneth H; Celentano, David; Thyagarajan, Sadras P; Solomon, Suniti

    2005-01-01

    Bacterial vaginosis (BV) causes obstetric and gynaecological complications and non-chlamydial/non-gonococcal pelvic inflammatory disease and has been shown to be associated with the risk of acquiring HIV and herpes simplex (HSV)-2 infections. This study investigated both the prevalence of BV and its association with STDs among 582 female sex workers living in Chennai, South India. Blood, vaginal and endocervical swabs were tested for HSV-2, HIV, Treponema pallidum, BV, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoea and Trichomonas vaginalis. The vaginal swabs collected were Gram's stained and analysed for BV by Nugent's scoring criteria. Of the women studied, 45% (95% CI, 40.6-48.7) were positive, 39.5% (95% CI, 35.5-43.5) were negative and 16% (95% CI, 12.8-18.7) were intermediate for BV. Bacterial vaginosis positivity was directly related to concurrent infection with HSV-2 (RR 1.3, AR 12, P = 0.00), T vaginalis (RR 1.5, AR 10, P = 0.01) T. pallidum (RR 2.8, AR 16, P = 0.00) and HIV (RR 4.1, AR 52, P = 0.01). Future studies are needed to focus on the risk factors for BV.

  8. Exploring a New Training Model of Migrant Workers in Case of Constructing Migrant Worker -- School-based Training%以建筑农民工为例探讨农民工培训新模式--基于校本培训的模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐青林; 强韶华

    2013-01-01

    农民工一直以来是推动城市发展的“主力军”,但却因技能和素质的问题制约了经济和社会的发展。因此,关于农民工的培训问题成为了近年来学者研究的热点,但对农民工培训模式的研究却相对较少且已有模式的效果不很理想。从当代农民工的培训需求出发,分析指出了目前农民工培训模式效率不高的主要原因。通过对在我国发展相对成熟的校本培训模式以及校本培训和农民工培训的契合点进行研究,提出了一种以农民工为主体地位的新型5阶段农民工培训模式,对于增加农民工培训的积极性和增强培训效果都有一定的积极意义。%Migrant workers have been the“main force”for the development of city,But they become obstacles for economic and social development because of skills and qualities. So in recent years,training of migrant workers become a hot issue,but the model of migrant workers training is relatively small. This paper analyzes the training needs of contemporary migrant workers and points out the reason that the efficiency of migrant workers training models are low,through the study of the common of migrant workers training and school-based training. We want to explore the model that is suitable for contemporary migrant training. Article proposes a model where migrant workers are the main body,it has a positive significance for increasing the motivation of migrant workers and improving the effectiveness of training.

  9. Analysis on Social Influencing Factors on the Employment Arrangement of Migrant Workers%农民工就业安排的社会影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝慧娟

    2014-01-01

    农民工是推动经济发展和社会进步的重要力量。农民工的就业安排是社会普遍热切关注的问题,具备很强的社会性和现实性。影响农民工就业安排的社会因素较多,应根据这些社会影响因素提出相应的解决对策,以巩固农民工的社会地位,保护农民工的合法权益。%Migrant workers are an important force to promote economic development and social advancement.However,migrant worker structure is still vague,and we need to clarify it;we also need to reiterate migrant workers characteristics,which enable the society to have deeper understanding of migrant workers.Of course,the employment arrangement of migrant workers is generally the focus of the society,with a strong sociality and practicality.There are many social factors impacting migrant workers employment arrangement,so countermeasures should be implemented in allusion to these factors,so as to consolidate the social status of migrant workers,and pro-tect their legitimate rights and interests.

  10. A Study on the Institutions Supply of New Generation Migrant Workers' Training%新生代农民工培训的制度供给研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁小平; 陈定元

    2012-01-01

      The traditional employment orientation to the new generation of migrant workers training institution can not solve the problems of the new generation of migrant workers in the city, be-cause the only highlight the migrant workers groups of occupation skill training, To establish the ability to guide for the characteristics of the novel of new generation of migrant workers training system needs to strengthen the system construction. To supply content should enrich the training content, increase the social aspects, in the main supply should improve the policy supply level, and strengthening the government responsibility, the supply way should be enacted as soon as the new generation of migrant workers training laws, improve in-stitutional authority.%  传统就业导向的新生代农民工培训制度由于只突出农民工群体的职业技能训练,不能解决新生代农民工群体的城市融入问题。要建立起以能力导向为特征的新型新生代农民工培训体系需要加强制度建设。在供给内容上应丰富培训的内容,增加社会适应等方面的内容,在供给主体上应提升目前政策供给主体的级别,并强化省级政府的责任,在供给方式上应尽快制定新生代农民工培训的法律,提高制度的权威性。

  11. Study on Innovation of the Performance Salary System of Migrant Workers%农民工绩效工资制度创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯旭平

    2015-01-01

    农民工绩效工资制度对于保障农民工劳动力的再生产和推动其向产业劳动力转化与进化的进程、提高农民生活水平、解决“三农”问题等均具有积极作用。农民工绩效工资制度的构建既要考虑农民工劳动力的再生产和发展,又要考虑对农民工劳动绩效的激励。相应地,从企业和团队角度,农民工绩效工资的构建要设立企业和团队绩效工资总额制;从员工个人角度,绩效工资则应包括保障性绩效工资和激励性绩效工资。%It has a positive effect for migrant workers performance pay system to guarantee the reproduction of labor of migrant workers, to promote its labor force transformation and evolution,to improve the living standards of farmers, even to solve the“three rural” prob-lems.It should consider not only the reproduction and development of migrant workers labor, but also labor performance incentives for the construction of migrant workers, performance salary.Accordingly, from the angle of enterprise, we must set up total wage system of enterprises and team when constructing migrant workers performance salary.From the angle of individual employees, pay for perform-ance should include security performance salary and incentive pay for performance.

  12. “民工荒”的政治经济学分析%Analysis of the Shortage of Migrant Workers in the View of Political Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵丁琪

    2013-01-01

    With the relaxation of the urban and rural household registration system since 1978 ,the migrant worker tide appears .Though there are still thousands of rural surplus labors ,serious labor shortage occurs in China’s coastal and some inland regions .The shortage of migrant workers are decided by three factors :the supply of migrant workers ,capital accumulation and the organic composition of capital .The migrant workers are semi-proletarian in nature ,and this limits the supply of labor force .Chinese rapid economic de-velopment promotes the increase of capital accumulation and improves the the organic composition of cap-ital .While the increase of the organic composition of capital is much lower than the rate of expansion of capital accumulation ,the demand of enterprises for labor force quickly increased ,w hich give rise to the se-rious shortage of migrant workers.%改革开放以来,随着城乡二元户籍制度的松弛,民工潮随之产生。但是在劳动力仍绝对过剩的情况下,从2004年开始在我国沿海以及部分内地地区出现了比较严重的“民工荒”。农民工的半无产化状态限制了农民工的供给,经济的迅速发展促进了资本积累量的增多,而同时资本有机构成的提高速度远低于资本积累的扩张速度,使企业所需求的劳动力迅速增多,超过了劳动力的供给,由此产生了严重的“民工荒”。

  13. Urbanization of Rural Migrant Workers in Anhui Province Economic Factors%安徽省农民工市民化经济因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周庆林

    2014-01-01

    The-economic-development-history-shows-that-urbanization-is-the-only-way-for-Chinese-economic-and-social-development-,and-the-urbanization-of-rural-migrant-workers-is-an-important-part-of-the-new-type-of-urbanization.Basising-of-Chinese-population-and-employment-statistics-yearbook-and-Anhui-statistical-yearbook-data-,in-building-an-index-system-and-applies-principal-component-analysis-and-Granger-causali-ty-test,it-analyzed-the-economic-factors-influencing-the-citizenization-of-migrant-workers-.Increasing-the-in-come-of-migrant-workers-,increasing-the-intensity-of-training-for-migrant-workers-,vigorously-promoting-agri-cultural-modernization-level-would-effectively-enhance-the-level-of-urbanization-of-rural-migrant-workers-in-Anhui-province-.%经济发展历史分析表明,城镇化是中国经济社会发展的必由之路,而农民工市民化是新型城镇化的重要组成部分。依据中国人口和就业统计年鉴及安徽省统计年鉴数据,在构建指标体系并运用主成分分析法和格兰杰因果检验之后,分析影响农民工市民化的经济因素。研究发现,提高农民工收入、加大对农民工的培训力度、大力提升农业现代化水平可以有效提升安徽省农民工市民化水平。

  14. Employers' paradoxical views about temporary foreign migrant workers' health: a qualitative study in rural farms in southern Ontario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narushima, Miya; Sanchez, Ana Lourdes

    2014-09-10

    The province of Ontario hosts nearly a half of Canada's temporary foreign migrant farm workers (MFWs). Despite the essential role played by MFWs in the economic prosperity of the region, a growing body of research suggests that the workers' occupational safety and health are substandard, and often neglected by employers. This study thus explores farm owners' perceptions about MFWs occupational safety and general health, and their attitudes towards health promotion for their employees. Using modified grounded theory approach, we collected data through in-depth individual interviews with farm owners employing MFWs in southern Ontario, Canada. Data were analyzed following three steps (open, axial, and selective coding) to identify thematic patterns and relationships. Nine employers or their representatives were interviewed. Four major overarching categories were identified: employers' dependence on MFWs; their fragmented view of occupational safety and health; their blurring of the boundaries between the work and personal lives of the MFWs on their farms; and their reluctance to implement health promotion programs. The interaction of these categories suggests the complex social processes through which employers come to hold these paradoxical attitudes towards workers' safety and health. There is a fundamental contradiction between what employers considered public versus personal. Despite employers' preference to separate MFWs' workplace safety from personal health issues, due to the fact that workers live within their employers' property, workers' private life becomes public making their personal health a business-related concern. Farmers' conflicting views, combined with a lack of support from governing bodies, hold back timely implementation of health promotion activities in the workplace. In order to address the needs of MFWs in a more integrated manner, an ecological view of health, which includes the social and psychological determinants of health, by employers

  15. 农民工研究范式:主体地位与发展趋向%Migrant Workers Research Paradigm:Subject Status and Development Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王道勇

    2014-01-01

    After 30 years of efforts, the problem of migrant workers research has initially formed a relatively fixed paradigm. It is demonstrated by the formation of a common theoretical presupposition, methodology, research orientation and research conclusions. With the help of this research paradigm, the policy makers increasingly emphasis on The problem of migrant workers ,the public image of migrant work⁃ers are increasingly positive, the future for migrant workers are also increasingly hopeful. To compensate for the absence of migrant workers in the paradigm, in the future ,the researcher of migrant workers should find out the main reason and logic, should consider the introduction of a new concept, such as the concept of social cooperation, the subjective position of migrant workers.%经过30年的努力,国内学界对农民工问题的研究已经初步形成了较为固定的范式,具体表现为形成了共同的理论预设、方法论、研究取向及研究结论。在这一研究范式的助推下,农民工问题在政策体系中所占的位置日益核心化,农民工形象在社会公众中日趋正面化,农民工的未来出路也日益明朗化。为了弥补农民工研究中农民工主体缺位的不足,未来需要对农民工主体缺位的形成逻辑进行晰清,并依此为基础考虑在研究取向和政策出台方面引入新理念,如社会合作理念,实现农民工主体地位的全面回归。

  16. Social Support and Sexual Risk Among Establishment-Based Female Sex Workers in Tijuana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhury, Shonali Mona; Toller Erausquin, Jennifer; Park, Kyuwon; Anglade, Debbie

    2015-08-01

    Social support can affect health outcomes of female sex workers. In this inductive feminist grounded theory study based on 20 in-depth interviews, we explore how establishment-based female sex workers in Tijuana perceive the impact of the connections among women on their lives and health. Participants elected to discuss the importance of social support from mothers, sisters, friends, and co-workers, and the empowering and disempowering aspects of these relationships. In previous studies, scholars demonstrated the efficacy of formal organization of female sex workers in promoting the mitigation of sexual and HIV risk. We show the importance of informal ties with other women. Some participants mentioned competitive relationships, others talked about cooperation and the desire for a venue to learn from one another. Social interactions with other women are especially empowering when female sex workers can openly engage in "woman talk" that may contribute to the mitigation of sexual and HIV risk.

  17. Using problem-based learning for occupational and environmental health nursing education: pesticide exposures among migrant agricultural workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivicek, Kristy; de Castro, A B; Salazar, Mary K; Murphy, Helen H; Keifer, Matthew

    2011-03-01

    Problem-based learning, which emphasizes group collaboration to solve real-world case scenarios, is an instructional approach that is well suited to occupational and environmental health nursing education. Learners actively work through case studies rather than passively receive information presented through lectures. Problem-based learning methods promote critical thinking skills and motivate learning, preparing learners for professional practice in complex, ever-changing environments. Despite these advantages, problem-based learning is under-utilized in nursing education compared to more traditional lecture methods. This article presents key concepts of problem-based learning, discusses problem-based learning in educating occupational and environmental health nurses, and describes the development of a problem-based learning case aimed at increasing occupational and environmental health nurses capacity to address pesticide exposure among migrant and seasonal agricultural workers.

  18. The Migrant Workforce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ullman, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    According to the Geneseo Migrant Center, 1 million to 3 million migrant workers leave their homes each year to work in agricultural fields, many coming to the United States from homes in Mexico and Latin America. The Pew Hispanic Center recently reported that one in four U.S. farm workers is an unauthorized immigrant, meaning they lack either a…

  19. Explore of the Training of New Generation of Migrant Workers in the Perspective of “People-oriented”%“以人为本”视域下的新生代农民工培训探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王华玲; 张洁; 焦彦芹

    2011-01-01

    This article first analyzed the problems of rural migrant workers in China from macroscopic perspective, then with people-oriented as a basic principle to excavate the sub-principles in the training of migrant workers, at last, we constructed a relatively reasonable training system for migrant workers.%从宏观角度分析了我国农民工面临的问题,并以“以人为本”作为基本原则,发掘出其在农民工培训中的子原则,最终构建出相对合理的农民工培训制度.

  20. Gendered Morality and Development Narratives: The Case of Female Labor Migration from Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Carol Chan

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses two dominant and contradictory representations of Indonesian female migrant workers: as national “heroes” who contribute to Indonesia’s economic development, or as exploited “victims” of labor abuse. By analyzing public statements by Indonesian state actors, news reports, and migrant activists’ websites, I argue that representations of migrants as victims do not undermine representations of migrants as heroes of development. Instead, in Indonesian public discourses abou...

  1. Working and Living Conditions of Migrant Workers in the GCC: India Migration Report 2016: Gulf Migration

    OpenAIRE

    Diop, Abdoulaye; Le, Kien T.; Ewers, Michael; S. Irudaya Rajan

    2016-01-01

    India Migration Report 2016 discusses migration to the Persian Gulf region. This volume: • looks at contemporary labour recruitment and policy, both in India and in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries; • explores gender issues in migration to Gulf countries; and • brings together latest field data on migrants across states in India. Part of the prestigious annual series, this volume will interest scholars and researchers of economics, development studies, migration an...

  2. Evaluation of a school-based HIV/AIDS peer-led prevention programme: the first intervention trial for children of migrant workers in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, S; Huang, H; Cai, Y; Ye, X; Shen, X; Shi, R; Xu, G

    2010-02-01

    The effectiveness of a peer-led education intervention in HIV/AIDS prevention was assessed in the Chinese children of migrant workers. A prospective study was conducted in 12 junior high schools for migrant children. Among the intervention group, a peer-education-based HIV/AIDS prevention was implemented for three months. The results during the baseline survey indicated that the level of knowledge on HIV/AIDS was lower in children of migrant workers. After three months of peer-led intervention, compared with the control group, students in the intervention group positively increased their HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, modified their attitude and improved their protection self-efficacy. Compared with attitude, intervention was more effective in the improvement of knowledge and protection self-efficacy, especially knowledge. The findings suggest that peer-led education was an effective method in improving knowledge, attitude and protection self-efficacy in Chinese children of migrant workers. Heightened concerns targeting the group students were particularly necessary, given their lower level of related knowledge and vulnerability to HIV infection.

  3. 关于农民建筑工人继续教育的调查与研究%Survey & Research on Continuing Education to Migrant Construction workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄依依; 沈健

    2014-01-01

    新型城镇化建设的生力军——农民建筑工,文化程度低,接受继续教育少,本身学习意识不强,政府和学校支持力度小。这与新型城镇化建设对人才的要求存在很大距离,也给农民工的市民化带来难度。因此,需要政府、学校、社会及企业高度重视和共同参与,以提高农民建筑工的继续教育参与度,提升农民工的转化速度与质量。文章在调研农民建筑工学习需求的基础上,提出几点改革的对策。%The new urbanization force, migrant construction workers, is in low level of education, and does not have many chances to receive continuing education. These workers do not have a strong sense of learning, and do not receive many supports from government and school either. It is far from the requirements for talents in the new urbanization construction, and it also brings difficulties in turning migrant workers to townspeople. Therefore, governments, schools, societies and enterprises should participate urgently and jointly in improving the engagement of the migrant construction workers in continuing education, as well as in upgrading the conversion speed and quality of such workers. At last, the paper raises some countermeasures based on the investigations of the learning requirements of the migrant construction workers.

  4. [Migrant population life style and health status characteristics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, I; Tominaga, S; Suzuki, T

    1990-02-01

    To clarify migrant population characteristics, we examined the relationship between out-migration from study areas during a 3 year follow-up period and health status, life style, and socioeconomic factors obtained at the initial baseline survey in a cohort study involving 15, 493 males and 17,440 females. Characteristics of inter-prefectural out-migrants were summarized as follows: 1) A significantly higher proportion of inter-prefectural out-migrants were employees of relatively large companies, family members of these employees, white collar workers in the case of males, and housewives in the case of females. 2) Inter-prefectural out-migrants had relatively good health status and high participation in cancer screening tests. 3) The dietary habits of inter-prefectural out-migrants were more westernized and well-balanced. 4) Male inter-prefectural out-migrants had a higher proportion of heavy smokers and daily drinkers, while females had lower proportion of smokers and drinkers. When comparing in-migrants to out-migrants, the characteristics were similar for males, but opposite for females.

  5. 浅析新生代农民工融入城市问题%Problems of Urban Integration of the New Generation Migrant-workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    索喜娜; 杨香合; 刘亭

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzed the obstacles of urban integration of the new generation migrant workers from both the internal factors and external factors.It also pointed out that self promotion and external help could promote the new generation migrant laborers to merge with urban.%从内部因素与外界因素2个方面对新生代农民工融入城市障碍进行了分析,指出自身提升与外部帮助多管齐下是促进新生代农民工融入城市的有效措施。

  6. Analysis of Migrant Workers'Social Mentality under the View of Social Work---Based on the Data of 436 Migrant Workers in Qingdao%社会工作视阈下农民工社会心态问题探析--基于青岛市436名农民工数据的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘启营; 魏亚楠

    2014-01-01

    According to the survey of 436 migrant workers in Chengyang district of Qingdao ,this paper analyzes the problems of low sense of personal identification ,low social fairness ,low life satisfaction ,low sense of happiness and high career expectation existing in the migrant workers'social mentality .The causes of these problems are various , such as recessive exclusion to migrant workers in cities ,migrant workers'social psychological conflict ,and their low cultural capital .From the perspective of social work ,the countermeasures to solve the problems of migrant workers'social mentality are put forward ,such as to practice the social administrative ideas to meet migrant workers'demands for profits,further develop social service agencies for migrant workers to expand social service platform ,and provide team social work services ,community social work services and case social work services for migrant workers to solve practical problems .%根据对青岛市城阳区436名农民工的调查,分析了农民工社会心态存在的问题:农民工群体的身份认同感低;社会公平感偏低;生活满意度低;幸福感不高;职业期望值偏高。农民工社会心态问题的成因是多方面的,有城市社会隐性排斥、农民工群体的社会心理冲突、农民工自身文化资本不高等原因。从社会工作的视角提出了解决农民工社会心态问题的对策:践行社会行政理念,为农民工群体表达利益诉求;进一步发展服务于农民工群体的社会服务机构,拓展社会服务平台;为农民工群体提供小组社会工作服务、社区社会工作服务和个案社会工作服务,解决现实问题。

  7. Exposure to pornographic videos and its effect on HIV-related sexual risk behaviours among male migrant workers in southern India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bidhubhusan Mahapatra

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Research on pornography and its association with HIV-related sexual behaviours is limited in India. This study aims to examine the prevalence and correlates of viewing pornographic videos and examine its associations with HIV-related sexual risk behaviours among male migrant workers in India. METHODS: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2007-08 across 21 districts in four states of India. Respondents included 11,219 male migrants aged 18 years or older, who had migrated to at least two places in the past two years for work. Bivariate and multivariate methods were used to examine the association between viewing pornography and HIV-related sexual risk behaviours. RESULTS: Two-fifths (40% of the migrants had viewed pornographic videos in one month prior to the survey. Migrants aged 25-29 years, literate, unmarried and away from native village for more than five years were more likely to view pornography than their counterparts. Migrants who viewed pornographic videos were more likely to engage in paid (Adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 4.2, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.7-4.8 and unpaid sex (AOR: 4.2, 95% CI: 3.7-4.7, report inconsistent condom use in paid sex (AOR: 2.3, 95% CI: 1.7-3.0 and experience STI-like symptoms (AOR: 1.7, 95% CI: 1.5-1.8 than their counterparts. CONCLUSIONS: The findings regarding migrants' exposure to pornography and its linkage with high HIV risk behaviour suggest that the HIV prevention programmes for migrants need to be more innovative to communicate on the negative-effects of viewing pornography. More importantly, programmes need to find alternative ways to engage migrants in infotainment activities during their leisure time in an effort to reduce their exposure to pornographic videos as well as risky sexual behaviours.

  8. Rethinking of the New Generation Migrant Workers Training%对培训新生代农民工的再认识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾铁

    2014-01-01

    To promote enterprise progress and scientific development, the new generation of migrant workers is an important driving force. Improving the quality of the migrant works is crucial. The building of Lifelong training system for migrant workers is the urgent task, it is the society appeal to strengthen the overall training system. To realize the training model diversity, training level multilayer, training carrier diversification, and training management standardization are the demands of economic development. Te migrant workers training and the quality improvement of migrant workers are big programs.%推进企业进步和科学发展,新生代农民工是重要推手,提高新农民工素能事关大局。构建新农民工终身培训体系并落实培训是改革发展的要务,健全完善覆盖全体新农民工,贯穿其工作、生活各个阶段,适应他们多样化、差异化需求的培训是推进企业进步与社会和谐发展的诉求;实现培训类型多样化、培训等级多层次与培训载体多元化、培训管理规范化乃促进经济社会发展之需、之本。全面建成小康社会,大力培训新农民工、拉提其素能是重大项目。

  9. 农民工社会保障权的法律保护%The Legal Protection of Social Security Rights for Migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓锋

    2011-01-01

    As a basic and independent human right,social security should be an institutional right to migrant workers.While,the group of migrant workers are placed on the edge of social security system,their legal rights is not secured due to lack of legal the specific rights protection system.Considering the current situation of Chinese migrant and the necessity to construct the new countryside,the rights of migrant workers should be well protected.The paper analyzes the implementation mechanism of legal protection to the rights of migrant workers.%社会保障权作为一项基本的、独立的人权,是农民工应当具有的宪法权利,然而在我国由于法律及具体的执法、司法方面的欠缺,以及一直以来传统做法所造成的障碍,农民工处于社会保障的边缘地带,社会保障权不尽如人意。因此在建立社会主义和谐社会的历史背景下,充分考量中国农民的现实特征,从法律运行全过程对其法律保护的实现机制进行分析和探讨,使他们的权利得到切实保护。

  10. The Structural Disempowerment of Eastern European Migrant Farm Workers in Norwegian Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rye, Johan Fredrik; Andrzejewska, Joanna

    2010-01-01

    Since the 2004 EU enlargement established one European common labour market, a large number of Eastern Europeans have taken up seasonal employment as hired farm workers in Norwegian agriculture. Much attention in the public has been given to the potential for "social dumping" of these migrating workers, as they are considered prone to…

  11. Educational Equity and Institutional Safeguards: An Analysis of Compulsory Education for Chinese Rural Migrant Workers' Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Xianzuo; Peng, Pai

    2008-01-01

    The educational inequity of rural workers' children is a unique social problem in the transition stage of China. Based on the specific survey in such provinces as Hubei, Henan, Anhui, and other provinces, a conclusion can be drawn that the reasons for the educational inequity of rural worker's children are very complicated, among which the system…

  12. Utilization of and satisfaction at community health service:Comparative analysis between mi-grant workers and non-migrant workers in Shenzhen%深圳市劳务工和非劳务工社区卫生服务利用及满意度对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洪锐; 邱创良; 邓剑; 周艳凤; 李丽清; 董晓欣; 卢祖洵

    2016-01-01

    目的:了解劳务工和非劳务工对社区卫生服务利用情况及其满意度。方法:在深圳市宝安区随机抽取街道及其社区卫生服务中心,以拦截调查的方式共调查社区卫生服务利用者8000人,运用SPSS18.0软件对数据进行统计分析。结果:劳务工最近一年到社区卫生服务中心就诊次数为3次及以上的比例高于非劳务工,差异有统计学意义( P <0.0001);劳务工和非劳务工就诊人群满意度前三位分别是服务态度(73.29%,73.46%)、技术水平(65.29%,67.50%)、看病方便(63.16%,64.98%);73.47%的就诊者愿意接受社区首诊制,劳务工人群相比非劳务工人群更愿意接受社区首诊(74.16%,69.71%)。讨论:深圳市劳务工社区首诊制的实施使居民社区卫生服务利用有所提高,劳务工和非劳务工对社区卫生服务的满意度较高,且差别不大。以深圳为借鉴,在全国逐步推进社区首诊制具有一定的可行性。%Objective:To explore the utilization of and satisfaction at community health service between migrant and non-migrant workers in Shenzhen city. Methods: Random sampling was used and 8000 community residents in Shenzhen city were investigated, and the data was analyzed with SPSS 18. 0. Results:There was statistically signifi-cant difference on the times of seeking community health services last year between migrant workers and non-migrant workers ( P<0. 0001 ) , and the proportion of more than three times service utilization of migrant workers were greater than that of non-migrant workers. The top three elements inpluencing satisfaction at community health service between migrant and non-migrant workers were service attitude ( 73. 29% vs. 73. 46%) , technical level ( 65. 29% vs. 67. 50%), and its convenience of seeking a doctor (63. 16% vs. 64. 98%). 73. 47% of users (migrant workers:74. 16%, non-migrant workers:69. 71%) were willing to accept the system of first contact in

  13. Health Status of the Female Workers in the Garment Sector of Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaheen AHMED

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Readymade Garment (RMG Sector in Bangladesh has been playing a vital role in creating employment opportunity for the rural marginal people for the last two decades. At present 5,100 garment factories are operating in this country and 3.6 million workers are working there in which more than 80 percent of them are female. From the beginning it is largely apparent that the health status of the female garment workers is not well enough to do their work properly. Keeping this in mind, the study was conducted to find out the health status of the female workers. In this study, 200 female workers of Bangladesh were interviewed to identify the major diseases they experienced. The study reveals that the majority of the female workers in the garment sector suffer from the diseases like problems in bones, abortion complexity, dermatitis, back pain, eye stain, pruritus, malnutrition, respiratory problems, hepatitis (Jandice, gastric pain, fatigue, fever, abdomen pain, common cold, and helminthiasis. The policy makers and other concern bodies should take necessary measures to ensure good health of the garment workers. It will help female workers to be more productive and their contribution to the country will be enhanced.

  14. The risk of varicose veins in standing female workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tony Hidayat

    2013-07-01

    samples were selected purposively who met inclusion criteria among female workers who work in the position of standing work. Data were collected by interview, physical examination and observation of the position of standing work. To determine the dominant factors for varicose veins, data processing was using relative risk approach. Results: A number 111 out of 152 employees worked in a lot of work standing position participated the study, and who had varicose veins and leg or foot as was 52.3% (53 people. The majority of respondents aged 18-35 years, had total work period of 3-17 years, and worked in a lot of work standing position. Those who had a family history of varicose veins were 13.5%, taking oral contraceptive were 11.71%, has a habit of exercise (18.0%, and high heels (11.7%. Age, use of oral contraceptives, use of high heels, exercise habits, work standing position, place of work, and working period did not associate with varicose veins. Employees who had than did not have family history of varicose veins had 69% higher risk of suffering from varicose veins [relative risk (RR = 1.69, P = 0.121].Conclusion: Employees who had family history of varicose veins had higher risk suffering varicose veins. (Health Science Indones 2013;1:47-50Keywords: varicose veins, position of standing work

  15. Female migrants, family members and community socio-demographic characteristics influence facility delivery in Rufiji, Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levira, Francis; Gaydosh, Lauren; Ramaiya, Astha

    2014-09-23

    Health professionals and public health experts in maternal and newborn health encourage women to deliver at health facilities in an effort to reduce maternal and newborn mortality. In the existing literature, there is scant information on how migration, family members and community influence facility delivery. This study addresses this knowledge gap using 10 years of longitudinal surveillance data from a rural district of Tanzania. Multilevel logistic regression was used to quantify the influence of hypothesized migration, family and community-level factors on facility delivery while adjusting for known confounders identified in the literature. We report adjusted odds ratios (AOR). Overall, there has been an increase of 14% in facility delivery over the ten years, from 63% in 2001 to 77% in 2010 (p community were more likely to give birth in a facility AOR = 1.2 (95% CI 1.11-1.29). Furthermore, the previous facility delivery of sisters and sisters-in-law has a significant influence on women's facility delivery; AOR = 1.29, 95% CI 1.15-1.45 and AOR = 1.7, 95% CI 1.35-2.13 respectively. Community level characteristics play a role as well; women in communities with higher socioeconomic status and older women of reproductive age had increased odds of facility delivery; AOR = 2.37, 95% CI 1.88-2.98 and AOR = 1.17, 95% CI 1.03-1.32 respectively. Although there has been an increase in facility delivery over the last decade in Rufiji, this study underscores the importance of female migrants, family members and community in influencing women's place of delivery. The findings of this study suggest that future interventions designed to increase facility delivery must integrate person-to-person facility delivery promotion, especially through women of the community and within families. Furthermore, the results suggest that investment in formal education of the community and increased community socio-economic status may increase facility delivery.

  16. Migrant encounters in the clinic: Bureaucratic, biomedical, and community influences on patient interactions with front-line workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Sarah A

    2016-02-01

    Ethnographic research on the clinical encounter has focused almost exclusively on what happens in exam rooms-particularly patient-provider interactions-leaving much to be understood about other actors within the clinic. As part of a larger ethnographic study examining the impact of colonialism, transnational migration, discrimination, and gender relations on Chuukese migrant women's reproductive and sexual health outcomes in Guam, I conducted eight months of participant observation in three publicly funded health clinics, 24 interviews with health care workers, and 15 life-history interviews with Chuukese women between September 2012 and February 2014. Findings demonstrated differential treatment of Chuukese patients by front-line workers (FLWs), who engaged in "boundary work" with these patients. Further, care varied by clinic space and the actors in that space. This differential treatment and variation in care impacted Chuukese women's access to and experiences with health care in Guam. Utilizing the concept of "deservingness," this analysis unpacks how FLWs, like Lipsky's "street-level bureaucrats," are influenced by bureaucratic, biomedical, and community hierarchies, all contributing to differential patient treatment. This study concludes by calling for more integrated analyses of clinical environments which utilize Lipsky's concept to include community narratives of "deservingness" and incorporate the influence of clinic and community stratification.

  17. Patriarchy and Gender-Based Violence: Experiences of Female Sex Workers in India

    OpenAIRE

    Sharvari Karandikar; Caren Frost; Lindsay GezinskiLindsay Gezinski

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study explored gender-based violence among female sex workers in India. Ten sex workers from Kamathipura, Asia's largest red-light area based in Mumbai, were interviewed. Radical sexual pluralist feminist theory informed data analysis and data interpretation. Results revealed high incidence of gender-based violence with sex workers reporting intense physical and sexual violence and coercion from male partners, pimps and clients. The exposure to violence significantly contribu...

  18. Overcoming language barriers in community-based research with refugee and migrant populations: options for using bilingual workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Susan K; Sulaiman-Hill, Cheryl R; Thompson, Sandra C

    2014-04-12

    Although the challenges of working with culturally and linguistically diverse groups can lead to the exclusion of some communities from research studies, cost effective strategies to encourage access and promote cross-cultural linkages between researchers and ethnic minority participants are essential to ensure their views are heard and their health needs identified. Using bilingual research assistants is one means to achieve this. In a study exploring alcohol and other drug service use by migrant women in Western Australia, bilingual workers were used to assist with participant recruitment and administration of a survey to 268 women who spoke more than 40 different languages. Professional interpreters, bilingual students, bilingual overseas-trained health professionals and community sector bilingual workers were used throughout the research project. For the initial qualitative phase, professional interpreters were used to conduct interviews and focus group sessions, however scheduling conflicts, inflexibility, their inability to help with recruitment and the expense prompted exploration of alternative options for interview interpreting in the quantitative component of the study. Bilingual mature-age students on work placement and overseas-trained health professionals provided good entry into their different community networks and successfully recruited and interviewed participants, often in languages with limited interpreter access. Although both groups required training and supervision, overseas-trained health professionals often had existing research skills, as well as understanding of key issues such as confidentiality and referral processes. Strategies to minimise social desirability bias and the need to set boundaries were discussed during regular debriefing sessions. Having a number of workers recruiting participants also helped minimise the potential for selection bias. The practical and educational experience gained by the bilingual workers was regarded as

  19. 建筑业农民工就业与权益维护探析%Analysis of Employment of Migrant Workers and Protection of Rights and Interests of Construction Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周麟

    2013-01-01

    Aiming at the status quo the protection of the rights and interests of the employment of migrant workers of construction enterprises, countermeasures and suggestions were put forward to solve the problems of employment of migrant workers and the protection of rights, at the same time, it calls for joint efforts of government, civil society and migrant workers groups, so as to achieve win-win situation of enterprises and migrant workers groups.%  文章针对建筑企业农民工就业和权益保障的现状,提出解决农民工就业与权益维护问题的对策与建议,同时呼吁政府、社会团体和农民工群体共同努力,使企业和农民工群体实现共赢。

  20. Analysis of the Necessity of Knowledge Assistance of Public Libraries to Children of Migrant Workers%公共图书馆对农民工子女进行知识援助的必要性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张腾跃

    2012-01-01

    随着社会的发展,农民工为城市建设做出了突出贡献,然而农民工及其子女却是被忽略的群体,作为服务机构的公共图书馆应对农民工流动子女实施知识援助,以求真正地改善农民工流动子女的教育环境。%With the development of the society, migrant workers have made outstanding contribution to city construction. But migrant workers and their children are still neglected groups. Public libraries, as Serviceorganizations, should provide knowledge assistance to children of migrant workers so as to improve the education environment of children of migrant workers.