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Sample records for fee exemption policy

  1. A literature review of the disruptive effects of user fee exemption policies on health systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridde Valéry

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Several low- and middle-income countries have exempted patients from user fees in certain categories of population or of services. These exemptions are very effective in lifting part of the financial barrier to access to services, but they have been organized within unstable health systems where there are sometimes numerous dysfunctions. The objective of this article is to bring to light the disruptions triggered by exemption policies in health systems of low- and middle-income countries. Methods Scoping review of 23 scientific articles. The data were synthesized according to the six essential functions of health systems. Results The disruptions included specifically: 1 immediate and significant increases in service utilization; 2 perceived heavier workloads for health workers, feelings of being exploited and overworked, and decline in morale; 3 lack of information about free services provided and their reimbursement; 4 unavailability of drugs and delays in the distribution of consumables; 5 unpredictable and insufficient funding, revenue losses for health centres, reimbursement delays; 6 the multiplicity of actors and the difficulty of identifying who is responsible (‘no blame’ game, and deficiencies in planning and communication. Conclusions These disruptive elements give us an idea of what is to be expected if exemption policies do not put in place all the required conditions in terms of preparation, planning and complementary measures. There is a lack of knowledge on the effects of exemptions on all the functions of health systems because so few studies have been carried out from this perspective.

  2. Transversal analysis of public policies on user fees exemptions in six West African countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridde Valéry

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background While more and more West African countries are implementing public user fees exemption policies, there is still little knowledge available on this topic. The long time required for scientific production, combined with the needs of decision-makers, led to the creation in 2010 of a project to support implementers in aggregating knowledge on their experiences. This article presents a transversal analysis of user fees exemption policies implemented in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Togo and Senegal. Methods This was a multiple case study with several embedded levels of analysis. The cases were public user fees exemption policies selected by the participants because of their instructive value. The data used in the countries were taken from documentary analysis, interviews and questionnaires. The transversal analysis was based on a framework for studying five implementation components and five actors’ attitudes usually encountered in these policies. Results The analysis of the implementation components revealed: a majority of State financing; maintenance of centrally organized financing; a multiplicity of reimbursement methods; reimbursement delays and/or stock shortages; almost no implementation guides; a lack of support measures; communication plans that were rarely carried out, funded or renewed; health workers who were given general information but not details; poorly informed populations; almost no evaluation systems; ineffective and poorly funded coordination systems; low levels of community involvement; and incomplete referral-evacuation systems. With regard to actors’ attitudes, the analysis revealed: objectives that were appreciated by everyone; dissatisfaction with the implementation; specific tensions between healthcare providers and patients; overall satisfaction among patients, but still some problems; the perception that while the financial barrier has been removed, other barriers persist; occasionally a

  3. User fee exemption policies in Mali: sustainability jeopardized by the malfunctioning of the health system

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    In Mali, where rates of attendance at healthcare facilities remain far below what is needed, three user fee exemption policies were instituted to promote access to care. These related to HIV/AIDS treatment, as of 2004, caesarean sections, since 2005, and treatment of malaria in children under five and pregnant women, since 2007. Our qualitative study compared these three policies, looking at their implementation provisions, functioning and outcomes. In each healthcare facility, we analysed documentation and carried out three months of on-site observations. We also conducted a total of 254 formal and informal interviews with health personnel and patients. While these exemptions substantially improved users' access to care, their implementation revealed deep dysfunctions in the health system that undermined them all, regardless of the policy studied. These policies provoked resistance among health professionals that manifested in their practices and revealed, in particular, the profit-generation logic within which they operate today. These dysfunctions reflect the State's incapacity to exercise its regulatory role and to establish policies that are aligned with the way the health system really works. PMID:26559879

  4. Diagnosis of a public policy: an introduction to user fee exemptions for healthcare in the Sahel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    During the last ten years, Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger have opted for selective user fee exemption policies, while remaining within the general framework of cost recovery. But they have each developed their own particular institutional mechanisms, different from those of their neighbour. This was the topic of a comparative research program combining both quantitative and qualitative surveys over a four-year period. This special issue presents papers setting exemption policies in the wider context of public policy and the day-to-day functioning of health systems (part 1); presenting overarching case studies (part 2); and reflecting on our methodological approach (part 3). User fee exemption policies were introduced in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger during the first decade of this century. They cover several sector-based measures ('free healthcare' in everyday language), and sometimes come on top of high levels of subsidies which enabled significant reductions in the cost of certain drugs and treatments. From the late 1980s, these three countries were - and still are - subject to a comprehensive system of cost recovery at the point of delivery (a policy introduced following the Bamako Initiative), or, to be more precise, a system of partial payment of drugs and services by the user. Only a small proportion of the costs are actually recovered as the amounts charged to the users do not take salaries, investments or recurrent costs, which are all paid by the state, into account, and represent only a small percentage of the overall health budget (an order of magnitude of five percent is often cited at state level [1,2]. Nevertheless, the sums recovered by health centres enabled them to buy drugs and cover certain local expenses. However, for public health reasons, cost recovery has always been subject to a variety of sector-based exceptions, determined by the nature of the disease or intervention involved. For example, mass immunization (National Immunization Days) and

  5. 28 CFR 505.3 - Inmates exempted from fee assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Inmates exempted from fee assessment. 505.3 Section 505.3 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION COST OF INCARCERATION FEE § 505.3 Inmates exempted from fee assessment. Inmates...

  6. 29 CFR 1949.1 - Policy regarding tuition fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... outreach trainer. (c) Additional exemptions may be made by the Director of the OSHA Training Institute on a... (CONTINUED) OFFICE OF TRAINING AND EDUCATION, OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION OSHA Training Institute § 1949.1 Policy regarding tuition fees. (a) The OSHA Training Institute shall charge tuition...

  7. 7 CFR 504.4 - Exemptions from user fee charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... cooperators designated by the Curator of the ARS Patent Culture Collection are exempt from fee assessments. (b) The Curator of the ARS Patent Culture Collection is delegated the authority to approve and...

  8. User fee exemptions and equity in access to caesarean sections: an analysis of patient survey data in Mali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El-Khoury Marianne

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Little rigorous evidence exists on how health service utilization varies across socioeconomic groups after a user fee exemption policy has been implemented, and the evidence that does exist is mixed. In this paper, we estimate the distribution of caesarean section deliveries across socioeconomic groups following Mali’s implementation of a fee exemption policy for caesareans in 2005. Methods We conducted a patient survey in 2010 to collect socioeconomic data from 2,477 women who had caesareans in a representative sample of 25 facilities across all regions of Mali. We used these data along with data from the most recent Demographic and Health Survey to construct a wealth index and classify women into population-based wealth groupings. We compared the wealth distribution of women delivering via caesarean section to that of a nationally representative sample of women giving birth. Results We found that wealthier women make up a disproportionate share of those having free caesareans, five years after implementation of the fee exemption policy. Women in the richest two quintiles accounted for 58 percent of all caesareans, while women in the poorest two quintiles accounted for 27 percent of all caesareans. Fewer women in the poorest two-fifths of the population are receiving caesareans than what we would expect given their share in the population of women giving birth. Conclusions While fee exemptions remove important financial barriers to accessing priority maternal health services, they are insufficient to ensure equal access among wealth groups.

  9. User fee exemptions and excessive household spending for normal delivery in Burkina Faso: the need for careful implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ameur Amal

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2006, the Parliament of Burkina Faso passed a policy to reduce the direct costs of obstetric services and neonatal care in the country’s health centres, aiming to lower the country’s high national maternal mortality and morbidity rates. Implementation was via a “partial exemption” covering 80% of the costs. In 2008 the German NGO HELP launched a pilot project in two health districts to eliminate the remaining 20% of user fees. Regardless of any exemptions, women giving birth in Burkina Faso’s health centres face additional expenses that often represent an additional barrier to accessing health services. We compared the total cost of giving birth in health centres offering partial exemption versus those with full exemption to assess the impact on additional out-of-pocket fees. Methods A case–control study was performed to compare medical expenses. Case subjects were women who gave birth in 12 health centres located in the Dori and Sebba districts, where HELP provided full fee exemption for obstetric services and neonatal care. Controls were from six health centres in the neighbouring Djibo district where a partial fee exemption was in place. A random sample of approximately 50 women per health centre was selected for a total of 870 women. Results There was an implementation gap regarding the full exemption for obstetric services and neonatal care. Only 1.1% of the sample from Sebba but 17.5% of the group from Dori had excessive spending on birth related costs, indicating that women who delivered in Sebba were much less exposed to excessive medical expenses than women from Dori. Additional out-of-pocket fees in the full exemption health districts took into account household ability to pay, with poorer women generally paying less. Conclusions We found that the elimination of fees for facility-based births benefits especially the poorest households. The existence of excessive spending related to direct costs of

  10. The effect of user fee exemption on the utilization of maternal health care at mission health facilities in Malawi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manthalu, Gerald; Yi, Deokhee; Farrar, Shelley; Nkhoma, Dominic

    2016-11-01

    The Government of Malawi has signed contracts called service level agreements (SLAs) with mission health facilities in order to exempt their catchment populations from paying user fees. Government in turn reimburses the facilities for the services that they provide. SLAs started in 2006 with 28 out of 165 mission health facilities and increased to 74 in 2015. Most SLAs cover only maternal, neonatal and in some cases child health services due to limited resources. This study evaluated the effect of user fee exemption on the utilization of maternal health services. The difference-in-differences approach was combined with propensity score matching to evaluate the causal effect of user fee exemption. The gradual uptake of the policy provided a natural experiment with treated and control health facilities. A second control group, patients seeking non-maternal health care at CHAM health facilities with SLAs, was used to check the robustness of the results obtained using the primary control group. Health facility level panel data for 142 mission health facilities from 2003 to 2010 were used. User fee exemption led to a 15% (P facilities. No effects were found for the proportion of pregnant women who made the first ANC visit in the first trimester and the proportion of women who made postpartum care visits. We conclude that user fee exemption is an important policy for increasing maternal health care utilization. For certain maternal services, however, other determinants may be more important. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press in association with The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

  11. A geospatial analysis of the impacts of maternity care fee payment policies on the uptake of skilled birth care in Ghana

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Background Many low and middle income countries have initiated maternity fee exemption and removal policies to promote use of skilled maternity care. After two and a half decades of these policies, uptake of skilled birth care remains low and inequalities continue to exist in many low and middle income countries. This study uses 2 decades of birth histories data to examine four maternity fee paying policies enacted in Ghana over the past 3 decades and their geospatial impacts on uptake of ski...

  12. 76 FR 62100 - Approval of Filing Fees for Exempt Reporting Advisers and Private Fund Advisers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... Trading Commission released a joint proposal that would require hedge fund advisers and other private fund... more in hedge fund assets, combined liquidity fund and registered money market fund assets or private... COMMISSION Approval of Filing Fees for Exempt Reporting Advisers and Private Fund Advisers AGENCY:...

  13. 76 FR 67004 - Order Approving Filing Fees for Exempt Reporting Advisers and Private Fund Advisers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-28

    ... billion or more in hedge fund assets, combined liquidity fund and registered money market fund assets or... COMMISSION Order Approving Filing Fees for Exempt Reporting Advisers and Private Fund Advisers Section 204(c... Advisers Act of 1940, Investment Advisers Act Release No. IA-3221 (June 22, 2011), 76 FR 42950 (July...

  14. Implementation of patient charges at primary care facilities in Kenya: implications of low adherence to user fee policy for users and facility revenue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opwora, Antony; Waweru, Evelyn; Toda, Mitsuru; Noor, Abdisalan; Edwards, Tansy; Fegan, Greg; Molyneux, Sassy; Goodman, Catherine

    2015-05-01

    With user fees now seen as a major hindrance to universal health coverage, many countries have introduced fee reduction or elimination policies, but there is growing evidence that adherence to reduced fees is often highly imperfect. In 2004, Kenya adopted a reduced and uniform user fee policy providing fee exemptions to many groups. We present data on user fee implementation, revenue and expenditure from a nationally representative survey of Kenyan primary health facilities. Data were collected from 248 randomly selected public health centres and dispensaries in 2010, comprising an interview with the health worker in charge, exit interviews with curative outpatients, and a financial record review. Adherence to user fee policy was assessed for eight tracer conditions based on health worker reports, and patients were asked about actual amounts paid. No facilities adhered fully to the user fee policy across all eight tracers, with adherence ranging from 62.2% for an adult with tuberculosis to 4.2% for an adult with malaria. Three quarters of exit interviewees had paid some fees, with a median payment of US dollars (USD) 0.39, and a quarter of interviewees were required to purchase additional medical supplies at a later stage from a private drug retailer. No consistent pattern of association was identified between facility characteristics and policy adherence. User fee revenues accounted for almost all facility cash income, with average revenue of USD 683 per facility per year. Fee revenue was mainly used to cover support staff, non-drug supplies and travel allowances. Adherence to user fee policy was very low, leading to concerns about the impact on access and the financial burden on households. However, the potential to ensure adherence was constrained by the facilities' need for revenue to cover basic operating costs, highlighting the need for alternative funding strategies for peripheral health facilities.

  15. Tuition Fee Policies in a Comparative Perspective: Theoretical and Political Rationales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcucci, Pamela N.; Johnstone, D. Bruce

    2007-01-01

    As governments are increasingly turning to cost sharing in order to meet the growing demand for, and decreasing government investment in, public higher education, the choice among different tuition fee policies becomes of great importance. Tuition fee policies and the financial assistance policies that accompany them are critical both for the very…

  16. 29 CFR Appendix to 29 Cfr Part 1404 - Arbitration Policy; Schedule of Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Arbitration Policy; Schedule of Fees Appendix to 29 CFR Part 1404 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE ARBITRATION SERVICES Pt. 1404, App. Appendix to 29 CFR Part 1404—Arbitration Policy; Schedule of Fees...

  17. Tuition and Fee Policy Recommendations, 1981-1983. Report No. 81-4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curry, Denis J.; Fischer, Norman M.

    Comprehensive recommendations concerning tuition and fee policy for Washington public institutions of higher education are presented, based on 1981-83 rates calculated in compliance with statutory requirements. Under the new recommendations, the combined tuition and operating fees for resident undergraduate students at the University of Washington…

  18. Sensible energy policy does not include a variable import fee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lave, L.B. (Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Schenley Park, Pittsburgh, PA (US))

    1988-01-01

    Energy analysis has become unfashionable. The millions of dollars and professional hours devoted to fashioning solutions to the US energy problems in the late 1970s have disappeared with little trce. With world oil selling below $20 per barrel, there is little or no interest in alternatives to petroleum, or even in R and D on alternatives. Current apathy suggests that the USA is capable of only two modes of operation: Throw money at perceived crises, knowing it is being spent foolishly, or ignore any problem that ceases to be a perceived crises. Energy policy seems to be thought of these days as bailing out the oil billionaires and the Texas banks and savings and loan situations. When mature, consenting adults spend years trying to bring something about, one should allow them to enjoy the fruits of their labor - as long as it is within the law. Thus, the author assumes that Singer's proposal is not to be justified on the grounds of pulling these chestnuts out of the fire. Rather, Singer puts it forth on the grounds that it will contribute to sensible energy policy. Unfortunately, the variable import fee (VIF) is seriously flawed and the supporting arguments are contradictory or unsupported. In order to evaluate a proposal such as Singer's VIF, one has to be clear on the objectives and time frame. Others and the author agree that at any date, there is a supply curve for domestic petroleum that rises with price. There are stripping well secondary and tertiary recovery all waiting, and drillers willing to bring in new wells; the higher the price, the more oil will flow from these sources.

  19. 77 FR 4807 - Revised Fee Policy for Acceptance of Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel From High-Income...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ... National Nuclear Security Administration Revised Fee Policy for Acceptance of Foreign Research Reactor... Weapons Nonproliferation Policy Concerning Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel'' (61 FR 25092, May..., Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of a change in the fee policy. SUMMARY: This notice announces a...

  20. The Price of Higher Education: How Rational Is British Tuition Fee Policy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Brian

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the introduction of variable tuition fees for university students in the UK--an initiative that has become totemic in British higher education policy. The article seeks to identify the origin of this policy, using the work of Michael Oakeshott (1962) as a framework for discussing the rationality of new Labour. The rhetoric of…

  1. "No Fee" Schools in South Africa. Policy Brief Number 7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motala, Shireen; Sayeed, Yusuf

    2009-01-01

    40% of schools in South Africa, namely the poorest two-fifths as determined by poverty indicators, were declared to be no fee schools as of 2007. These schools receive larger state allocations per learner than other schools, as well as a higher allocation for non-personnel, non-capital expenditure. In other schools parents may continue to apply…

  2. Working practices and incomes of health workers: evidence from an evaluation of a delivery fee exemption scheme in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kusi Anthony

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This article describes a survey of health workers and traditional birth attendants (TBAs which was carried out in 2005 in two regions of Ghana. The objective of the survey was to ascertain the impact of the introduction of a delivery fee exemption scheme on both health workers and those providers who were excluded from the scheme (TBAs. This formed part of an overall evaluation of the delivery fee exemption scheme. The results shed light not only on the scheme itself but also on the general productivity of a range of health workers in Ghana. Methods A structured questionnaire was developed, covering individual and household characteristics, working hours and practices, sources of income, and views of the exemptions scheme and general motivation. After field testing, this was administered to 374 respondents in 12 districts of Central and Volta regions. The respondents included doctors, medical assistants (MAs, public and private midwives, nurses, community health nurses (CHNs, and traditional birth attendants, both trained and untrained. Results Health workers were well informed about the delivery fee exemptions scheme and their responses on its impact suggest a realistic view that it was a good scheme, but one that faces serious challenges regarding financial sustainability. Concerning its impact on their morale and working conditions, the responses were broadly neutral. Most public sector workers have seen an increased workload, but counterbalanced by increased pay. TBAs have suffered, in terms of client numbers and income, while the picture for private midwives is mixed. The survey also sheds light on pay and productivity. The respondents report long working hours, with a mean of 54 hours per week for community nurses and up to 129 hours per week for MAs. Weekly reported client loads in the public sector range from a mean of 86 for nurses to 269 for doctors. Over the past two years, reported working hours have been

  3. Discharge Fee Policy Analysis: A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE Model of Water Resources and Water Environments

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    Guohua Fang

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available To alleviate increasingly serious water pollution and shortages in developing countries, various kinds of policies have been implemented by local governments. It is vital to quantify and evaluate the performance and potential economic impacts of these policies. This study develops a Computable General Equilibrium (CGE model to simulate the regional economic and environmental effects of discharge fees. Firstly, water resources and water environment factors are separated from the input and output sources of the National Economic Production Department. Secondly, an extended Social Accounting Matrix (SAM of Jiangsu province is developed to simulate various scenarios. By changing values of the discharge fees (increased by 50%, 100% and 150%, three scenarios are simulated to examine their influence on the overall economy and each industry. The simulation results show that an increased fee will have a negative impact on Gross Domestic Product (GDP. However, waste water may be effectively controlled. Also, this study demonstrates that along with the economic costs, the increase of the discharge fee will lead to the upgrading of industrial structures from a situation of heavy pollution to one of light pollution which is beneficial to the sustainable development of the economy and the protection of the environment.

  4. Policy and implementation of user fees in Jamaican public hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, M A; Parker, C

    1991-06-01

    User fees and other forms of copayment for health care are becoming of increasing interest to policymakers in developing countries. As indigenous populations continue to expand in response to current and historically high fertility, and government resources become constrained due to macroeconomic circumstances, publicly provided health care is being squeezed financially. Most developing countries have committed their governments to either providing for all health care or at least ensuring that all citizens have access to health care regardless of ability to pay. This has translated in most contexts into blanket coverage for the entire population financed and generally provided by the government. Recent periods of slow growth, high debt burdens and restricted spending on high recurrent cost sectors, such as health care under International Monetary Fund and other donor agreements have reduced many developing countries' budgets and often the real value of health expenditures. The costs of inputs (personnel, drugs and consumables), however, have not declined and quality or quantity have been necessarily reduced. At the same time, options for financial relief outside the tax system have become of increasing interest to financially constrained governments. User charges are straightforward, easily understood and can in theory be profitable in the short term. From a fairness perspective, they also charge those who actually use the health system. Their major drawback for policymakers is the potential for undermining equity in the health system.

  5. 77 FR 22691 - Fees on Health Insurance Policies and Self-Insured Plans for the Patient-Centered Outcomes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-17

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Parts 40 and 46 RIN 1545-BK59 Fees on Health Insurance Policies and Self... Protection and Affordable Care Act on issuers of certain health insurance policies and plan sponsors of..., Rebecca L. Baxter at (202) 622-3970 (regarding health insurance policies) or R. Lisa Mojiri-Azad at (202...

  6. 77 FR 72721 - Fees on Health Insurance Policies and Self-Insured Plans for the Patient-Centered Outcomes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Parts 40, 46, and 602 RIN 1545-BK59 Fees on Health Insurance Policies and... issuers of certain health insurance policies and plan sponsors of certain self-insured health plans to...-3970 (regarding health insurance policies). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Paperwork Reduction Act The...

  7. Tobacco litter costs and public policy: a framework and methodology for considering the use of fees to offset abatement costs

    OpenAIRE

    Schneider, John E.; Peterson, N. Andrew; Kiss, Noemi; Ebeid, Omar; Doyle, Alexis S

    2011-01-01

    Objectives Growing concern over the costs, environmental impact and safety of tobacco product litter (TPL) has prompted states and cities to undertake a variety of policy initiatives, of which litter abatement fees are part. The present work describes a framework and methodology for calculating TPL costs and abatement fees. Methods Abatement is associated with four categories of costs: (1) mechanical and manual abatement from streets, sidewalks and public places, (2) mechanical and manual aba...

  8. 77 FR 47573 - Fees on Health Insurance Policies and Self-Insured Plans for the Patient-Centered Outcomes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-09

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Parts 40 and 46 RIN 1545-BK59 Fees on Health Insurance Policies and Self... Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act on issuers of certain health insurance policies and plan sponsors of certain self-insured health plans to fund the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Trust Fund...

  9. Charging fees for family planning services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    As the demand for family planning services expands, governments and international donor agencies are finding it increasingly difficult to subsidize the costs of these services and are examining the feasibility of client fees. This issue of "The Family Planning Manager" evaluates the pros and cons of charging for services and outlines steps for instituting such a program. This process should be preceded by an assessment of the objective in introducing user fees, the ability and willingness of clients to pay for services, client perceptions of the quality of services, possible regulatory and political restrictions to charging fees, and the actual cost of each service provided. Registration, membership, service, and contraception fees are among the approaches to revenue generation. Fee determination can be based on ability to pay, fees charged for comparable services at benchmark clinics, in relation to the price of common household commodities (e.g., annual membership equivalent to the cost of 12 soft drinks), or specific cost recovery objectives (e.g., 25% of operating costs). The introduction of client fees requires a system for collecting and checking fees at service sites, exemption policies or waivers for those not able to afford the cost of services, internal financial controls, and regular financial reporting procedures. The community has a right to be informed about the fees that will be charged for each service, how the fees are being used, and whether the organization is making a profit. It is important to emphasize that revenue from fees will be used to enhance the quality of clinic services.

  10. [A proposal to improve nursing fee differentiation policy for general hospitals using profitability-analysis in the national health insurance].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sungjae; Kim, Jinhyun

    2012-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to propose optimal hospitalization fees for nurse staffing levels and to improve the current nursing fee policy. A break-even analysis was used to evaluate the impact of a nursing fee policy on hospital's financial performance. Variables considered included the number of beds, bed occupancy rate, annual total patient days, hospitalization fees for nurse staffing levels, the initial annual nurses' salary, and the ratio of overhead costs to nursing labor costs. Data were collected as secondary data from annual reports of the Hospital Nursing Association and national health insurance. The hospitalization fees according to nurse staffing levels in general hospitals are required to sustain or decrease in grades 1, 2, 3, 4, and 7, and increase in grades 5 and 6. It is suggested that the range between grade 2 and 3 be sustained at the current level, the range between grade 4 and 5 be widen or merged into one, and the range between grade 6 and 7 be divided into several grades. Readjusting hospitalization fees for nurse staffing level will improve nurse-patient ratio and enhance the quality of nursing care in hospitals. Follow-up studies including tertiary hospitals and small hospitals are recommended.

  11. Challenges of scaling up and of knowledge transfer in an action research project in Burkina Faso to exempt the worst-off from health care user fees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadio Kadidiatou

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Systems to exempt the indigent from user fees have been put in place to prevent the worst-off from being excluded from health care services for lack of funds. Yet the implementation of these mechanisms is as rare as the operational research on this topic. This article analyzes an action research project aimed at finding an appropriate solution to make health care accessible to the indigent in a rural district of Burkina Faso. Research This action research project was initiated in 2007 to study the feasibility and effectiveness of a community-based, participative and financially sustainable process for exempting the indigent from user fees. A interdisciplinary team of researchers from Burkina Faso and Canada was mobilized to document this action research project. Results and knowledge sharing The action process was very well received. Indigent selection was effective and strengthened local solidarity, but coverage was reduced by the lack of local financial resources. Furthermore, the indigent have many other needs that cannot be addressed by exemption from user fees. Several knowledge transfer strategies were implemented to share research findings with residents and with local and national decision-makers. Partnership achievements and difficulties Using a mixed and interdisciplinary research approach was critical to grasping the complexity of this community-based process. The adoption of the process and the partnership with local decision-makers were very effective. Therefore, at the instigation of an NGO, four other districts in Burkina Faso and Niger reproduced this experiment. However, national decision-makers showed no interest in this action and still seem unconcerned about finding solutions that promote access to health care for the indigent. Lessons learned The lessons learned with regard to knowledge transfer and partnerships between researchers and associated decision-makers are: i involve potential users of the

  12. Tobacco litter costs and public policy: a framework and methodology for considering the use of fees to offset abatement costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, John E; Peterson, N Andrew; Kiss, Noemi; Ebeid, Omar; Doyle, Alexis S

    2011-05-01

    Growing concern over the costs, environmental impact and safety of tobacco product litter (TPL) has prompted states and cities to undertake a variety of policy initiatives, of which litter abatement fees are part. The present work describes a framework and methodology for calculating TPL costs and abatement fees. Abatement is associated with four categories of costs: (1) mechanical and manual abatement from streets, sidewalks and public places, (2) mechanical and manual abatement from storm water and sewer treatment systems, (3) the costs associated with harm to the ecosystem and harm to industries dependent on clean and healthy ecosystems, and (4) the costs associated with direct harm to human health. The experiences of the City of San Francisco's recently proposed tobacco litter abatement fee serve as a case study. City and municipal TPL costs are incurred through manual and mechanical clean-up of surfaces and catchment areas. According to some studies, public litter abatement costs to US cities range from US$3 million to US$16 million. TPL typically comprises between 22% and 36% of all visible litter, implying that total public TPL direct abatement costs range from about US$0.5 million to US$6 million for a city the size of San Francisco. The costs of mitigating the negative externalities of TPL in a city the size of San Francisco can be offset by implementing a fee of approximately US$0.20 per pack. Tobacco litter abatement costs to cities can be substantial, even when the costs of potential environmental pollution and tourism effects are excluded. One public policy option to address tobacco litter is levying of fees on cigarettes sold. The methodology described here for calculating TPL costs and abatement fees may be useful to state and local authorities who are considering adoption of this policy initiative.

  13. Fairness of prices, user fee policy and willingness to pay among visitors to a national forest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin Young Chung; Gerard T. Kyle; James F. Petrick; James D. Absher

    2011-01-01

    Imposing user fees in Nature-Based Tourism (NBT) contexts has been a controversial issue. Based on the notions of justice and fairness, this study extended previous work examining the relationship between attitudes toward user fees and spending support. In a proposed structural model of price fairness, fee spending support, and willingness to pay (WTP), this paper...

  14. Repackaging exemptions under National Health Insurance in Ghana: how can access to care for the poor be improved?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanchebe Derbile, Emmanuel; van der Geest, Sjaak

    2013-09-01

    For the past 10 years the Ghana Government has been trying to replace the old user fee system with an overall health insurance scheme, but one problem of the old system continues to bedevil the new policy: exemption of the poor. This paper presents data from empirical fieldwork and also puts forward an opinion. It discusses how past experiences of user fee exemptions for the poor can inform exemptions under the new 'National Health Insurance Scheme' (NHIS) as a means to ensuring equity in health care. Drawing on a study of exemptions in the three regions of northern Ghana, and utilizing both qualitative and quantitative methods and data, the findings show that exemptions were applied in favour of under-fives, antenatal care, the aged and public servants to the disadvantage of the poor. As a result, the poor had very little access to exemptions. Exemptions therefore failed to address equity concerns in health care, the very reason for which they were introduced. Thus, although the paper acknowledges that provision for the enrolment of the poor into the NHIS is a step in the right direction, it underscores that effective enrolment will be essential for attaining the equity goal of the policy. Informed by past experiences that undermined the equity goal of exemptions, three policy recommendations are put forward for improving exemptions for the poor under the NHIS. These are: (1) effective community education for enhancing premium paying enrolments into the NHIS alongside education on exemptions for the poor; (2) reviewing and clarifying policy guidelines for guiding local-level identification of the poor based on communities' own understanding of poverty; and (3) providing the requisite resources to enable the Department of Social Welfare to discharge its core mandate of identifying the poor for exemptions.

  15. The ghosts of user fees past: Exploring accountability for victims of a 30-year economic policy mistake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowden, Rick

    2013-06-14

    Today, there is an unmistakable shift in international consensus away from private health financing, including the use of user fees toward public financing mechanisms (notably tax financing), to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). This is, however, much the same as an earlier consensus reached at the WHO"s World Health Assembly at Alma-Ata in 1978. When considering the full circle journey from Alma-Ata in 1978 to today's re-emerging support for UHC, it is worth taking stock and reflecting on how and why the international health community took this nearly three decade detour and how such misguided policies as user fees came to be so widely implemented during the intervening period. It is important for the international health community to ensure that steps are taken to compensate victims and determine accountability for those responsible. Victims of user fees suffered violations of their human right to health as enshrined in Universal Declaration, ICESCR, and a number of other human rights treaties, and yet still cannot avail themselves of remedies, such as those provided by international and regional human rights fora or the various United Nations treaty-monitoring bodies, and the responsible institutions and individuals have thus far remained unaccountable. This lack of accountability suggests a degree of impunity for international organizations and health economists dispensing with health policy advice. Such a lack of accountability should be noted with concern by the international health community as it increasingly relies on the advice and direction of health economists. Steps must be taken to provide survivors of user fees with compensation and hold those responsible to account.

  16. Repackaging exemptions under National Health Insurance in Ghana: how can access to care for the poor be improved?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kanchebe Derbile, E.; van der Geest, S.

    2013-01-01

    For the past 10 years the Ghana Government has been trying to replace the old user fee system with an overall health insurance scheme, but one problem of the old system continues to bedevil the new policy: exemption of the poor. This paper presents data from empirical fieldwork and also puts forward

  17. 48 CFR 1516.301-70 - Payment of fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 1516.301-70 Payment of fee. The policy of EPA for cost-reimbursement, term form contracts is to make provisional payment of fee (i.e. the fixed fee on cost-plus-fixed-fee type contracts or the base fee on cost-plus-award-fee type contracts...

  18. Competing definitions: a public policy analysis of the federal recreational fee demonstration program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas A. E. More

    2003-01-01

    Problem definition theory specifies that however controls the definition of a problem is in a unique position to control debate over the issue, influence others, and determine the problem's place on the agenda. This paper uses a rhetorical analysis and a questionnaire survey of congressional aides to examine the federal Recreational Fee Demonstration Program....

  19. The financial impact of a state adopting a personal/philosophical belief exemption policy: modeling the cost of pertussis disease in infants, children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Katelyn B; Omer, Saad B

    2012-09-07

    State school immunization exemption policies help reduce the risk of individual and community disease. Assessing the costs of vaccine preventable disease associated with a state adding a philosophical/personal belief school exemption policy is useful for making future policy decisions. Two formulas were developed to estimate the infant, child and adolescent hospitalization and non-medical costs of pertussis disease that are associated with adding a philosophical/personal belief school exemption policy. The parameter estimates were obtained from peer reviewed literature and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The state of Iowa was used as an example in order to demonstrate how the formulas can be applied. The annual projected impact of pertussis disease in Iowa is $273,365 without a philosophical/personal belief exemption policy and an average of $410,047 (range of $281,566-$582,267) with adding a personal belief exemption policy. We project that adding a philosophical/personal belief exemption will cost 50% more dollars annually.

  20. Providing free maternal health care: ten lessons from an evaluation of the national delivery exemption policy in Ghana

    OpenAIRE

    Witter, Sophie; Adjei, Sam; Armar-Klemesu, Margaret; Graham, Wendy

    2009-01-01

    Background: There is a growing movement, globally and in the Africa region, to reduce financial barriers to health care generally, but with particular emphasis on high priority services and vulnerable groups. Objective: This article reports on the experience of implementing a national policy to exempt women from paying for delivery care in public, mission and private health facilities in Ghana. Design: Using data from a complex evaluation which was carried out in 2005-2006, lessons are drawn ...

  1. Management of School Infrastructure in the Context of a No-Fee Schools Policy in Rural South African Schools: Lessons from the Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marishane, Ramodikoe Nylon

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the management of school infrastructure in the context of the "no-fee schools" policy introduced in the South African education delivery system. Focusing on four rural schools, the study applied a qualitative method, which involved observation of infrastructure conditions prevailing at four selected schools and…

  2. Differential Fee: From Conceptualisation to Implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Todd C. Y.; Wong, Andrew L. S.

    A differential fee policy was adopted at the Open Learning Institute (OLI) of Hong Kong after a process of conceptualization, planning, proposal, approval and implementation. Under the differential fee policy different tuition rates were charged for different courses. The differential fee policy was conceptualized at OLI based on economics,…

  3. 78 FR 59226 - Clarification of Implementation of Regulations and Exemption Policy With Regard to Early...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... for America (A4A) and the Regional Airline Association (RAA), asking for an industry-wide exemption to... from American Airlines and A4A have met with FAA officials and requested that FAA consider allowing... concerns raised in the implementation questions, the A4A/RAA exemption petition, and the American...

  4. Does Health Insurance Premium Exemption Policy for Older People Increase Access to Health Care? Evidence from Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duku, Stephen Kwasi Opuku; van Dullemen, Caroline Elisabeth; Fenenga, Christine

    2015-01-01

    Aging in Sub-Saharan Africa causes major challenges for policy makers in social protection. Our study focuses on Ghana, one of the few Sub-Saharan African countries that passed a National Policy on Aging in 2010. Ghana is also one of the first Sub-Saharan African countries that launched a National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS; NHIS Act 650, 2003) with the aim to improve access to quality health care for all citizens, and as such can be considered as a means of poverty reduction. Our study assesses whether premium exemption policy under the NHIS that grants non-payments of annual health insurance premiums for older people increases access to health care. We assessed differences in enrollment coverage among four different age groups (18-49, 50-59, 60-69, and 70+). We found higher enrollment for the 70+ and 60-69 age groups. The likelihood of enrollment was 2.7 and 1.7 times higher for the 70+ and 60-69 age groups, respectively. Our results suggest the NHIS exemption policy increases insurance coverage of the aged and their utilization of health care services.

  5. From Free to Fee: Neoliberalising Preferential Policy Measures for Minority Education in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Naomi C. F.

    2015-01-01

    In both China and in the United States, policies of "positive discrimination" were originally intended to lessen educational and economic inequalities, and to provide equal opportunities. As with affirmative action in the American context, China's "preferential policies" are broad-reaching, but are best known for taking ethnic…

  6. The Influence of the Chicago School on the Commission's Guidelines, Notices and Block Exemption Regulations in EU Competition Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bartalevich, Dzmitry

    2016-01-01

    Antitrust rules are fundamentally informed and shaped by economic theories. Given the significance of EU competition policy for the European integration process, it is essential to disentangle the economic theories underlying EU competition law. There is abundant theoretical and empirical...... literature examining the influence of ordoliberalism on EC/EU competition policy. However, in recent years, ordoliberal principles appear to have been replaced by neoliberalism and efficiency-enhancing rationale in EU competition policy. This article puts forward the idea of clarifying whether the European...... Commission incorporates Chicago School theory into EU competition law provisions. The analysis is carried out on the basis of the European Commission's guidelines, notices and block exemption regulations. The analysis reveals that the Commission does, to a considerable extent, follow the Chicago School...

  7. Support for wilderness recreation fees: The influence of fee purpose and day versus overnight use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christine A. Vogt; Daniel R. Williams

    1999-01-01

    This paper examines public support for new user fees established at the Desolation Wilderness in California as part of the Fee Demonstration Program. Traditional approaches to fee policy evaluations have typically focused on economic or revenue issues and equity impacts of various pricing strategies. Support for fees has been shown to vary by users in terms of...

  8. Tuition and Fees and Tax Revolt Provisions: Exploring State Fiscal Policy Impacts Using Fixed-Effects Vector Decomposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serna, Gabriel Ramom

    2012-01-01

    It is arguably the case that one of the most pressing issues in higher education finance is the increasing price of obtaining a college education, and, more specifically, rising tuition and fees. Because state support to public higher education and tuition and fees at publicly supported colleges and universities have been shown to share an inverse…

  9. ETHICS AND POLICY CASE STUDY User fees, transport costS, and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-06-01

    Jun 1, 2007 ... discussion forum on 'HIV Ethics and Policy' in 2007. ... proposed solutions to the problems faced by indigent patients ... At a third ART clinic, in a rural primary health care hospital, ... test' or any expensive debt collection system – a system that ... programmes in resource-limited settings in terms of mortality.

  10. Credits and Exemptions for Children. Tax Facts from the Tax Policy Center. Tax Notes[R

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maag, Elaine

    2009-01-01

    The Earned Income Tax Credit, Child Tax Credit (CTC), Additional Child Tax Credit (ACTC), and the dependent exemption all provide benefits to families with children. In 2009, a single mom (or dad) with two children can receive benefits ranging from $0 to about $7,500--depending on her income, age of the children, and where the children live. While…

  11. 低收费政策能改善教育公平和社会福利吗?——兼论高等教育不同收费政策的效应%Can low tuition fee policy improve higher education equity and social welfare?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查显友; 丁守海

    2007-01-01

    Traditionally there has been a theoretical view that raising tuition fees will undermine education equity and social welfare. This study examines the effects of different tuition policies on both these factors. A statistical analysis is made on the theoretical relationship between higher education tuition fees and dropout probability, which leads to the conclusion that the effects of both policies on education equity vary with circumstances. Further, under severe polarization between the rich and the poor in China, low tuition fee policy fails to effectively improve access to higher education and social welfare for low-income groups. On the contrary, high tuition fee policy may have better effectiveness.

  12. Course Fee Assessments: A Panel. Categories and Policies; West Virginia State College; and University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lester, Lorayne W.; Wohl, David; Black, Bill

    1998-01-01

    Presents three essays (earlier versions of which were presented to the Southeastern Theatre Conference, March 1995) addressing assessment of course fees in general and in theater arts in particular. (RS)

  13. 21 CFR 1402.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 1402.6 Section 1402.6 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY MANDATORY DECLASSIFICATION REVIEW § 1402.6 Fees. There will normally be no fees charged for the mandatory review of classified material for declassification under...

  14. 20 CFR 401.85 - Exempt systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exempt systems. 401.85 Section 401.85... INFORMATION The Privacy Act § 401.85 Exempt systems. (a) General policy. The Privacy Act permits certain types of specific systems of records to be exempt from some of its requirements. Our policy is to exercise...

  15. 76 FR 1669 - Medicare Program; Payment Policies Under the Physician Fee Schedule and Other Revisions to Part B...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    .... SUMMARY: This document corrects several technical and typographical errors in the final rule with comment... Physician Fee Schedule (PFS) final rule with comment period), there were a number of technical and.... Summary of Errors A. Errors in the Preamble 1. Errors in the Budget Neutrality, Conversion, Anesthesia...

  16. Passenger Fee

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — TSA has implemented congressionally mandated security fees to help finance the increased cost of securing the nation's aviation transportation system. The revenue...

  17. Effect of a policy to reduce user fees on the rate of skilled birth attendance across socioeconomic strata in Burkina Faso

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langlois, Étienne V; Karp, Igor; Serme, Jean De Dieu; Bicaba, Abel

    2016-01-01

    Background. In Sub-Saharan Africa, maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality rates are associated with underutilization of skilled birth attendance (SBA). In 2007, Burkina Faso introduced a subsidy scheme for SBA fees. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of Burkina Faso’s subsidy policy on SBA rate across socioeconomic status (SES) strata. Methods. We used a quasi-experimental design. The data sources were two representative surveys (n = 1408 and n = 1403) of women from Houndé and Ziniaré health districts of Burkina Faso, and a survey of health centres assessing structural quality of care. Multilevel Poisson regression models were used with robust variance estimators. We estimated adjusted rate ratios (RR) and rate differences (RD) as a function of time and SES. Results. For lowest-SES women, immediately upon the introduction of the subsidy policy, the rate of SBA was 45% higher (RR = 1.45, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.19–1.77) than expected in the absence of subsidy introduction. The results indicated a sustained effect after introduction of the subsidy policy, based on RR estimate (95% CI) of 1.48 (1.21–1.81) at 2 years. For middle-SES women, the RR estimates were 1.28 (1.09–1.49) immediately after introduction of the subsidy policy and 1.30 (1.11–1.51) at 2 years, respectively. For highest-SES women, the RR estimates were 1.19 (1.02–1.38) immediately after subsidy introduction and 1.21 (1.06–1.38) at 2 years, respectively. The RD (95% CI) was 14% (3–24%) for lowest-SES women immediately after introduction of the policy, and the effect was sustained at 14% (4–25%) at 2 years. Conclusion. Our study suggests that the introduction of a user-fee subsidy in Burkina Faso resulted in increased rates of SBA across all SES strata. The increase was sustained over time and strongest among the poorest women. These findings have important implications for evidence-informed policymaking in Burkina Faso and other

  18. Notice on Adjustment of Policy Concerning Duty Exemption for Import of Major Key Complete Technical Equipment and Machinery%关于重大技术装备整机进口免税政策调整

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Notice on Adjustment of the Policy Concerning Duty Exemption for Import of Major Key Complete Technical Equipment and Machinery Since July 2007, the General Administration of Customs (GAC) has published a series of notices on the taxation policy concerning the import of major technical equipment and machinery.

  19. EU perspective on VAT exemptions

    OpenAIRE

    Joachim Englisch

    2011-01-01

    As VAT becomes an increasingly important source of tax revenue world-wide, tax policy makers should be well aware of its strengths and weaknesses. In academia, there is strong consensus that tax exemptions rank among the most problematic features of VAT. The very concept of exemption is already a misrepresentation, because it normally entails the loss of entitlement to an input VAT credit; exempt supplies are therefore actually “input-taxed”. It is generally accepted that this particular form...

  20. 45 CFR 5b.11 - Exempt systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exempt systems. 5b.11 Section 5b.11 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 5b.11 Exempt systems. (a) General policy. The Act permits certain types of specific systems of records to be exempt from...

  1. 雍正朝河南省耗羡归公政策研究%On the Policy of 'Return of Meltage Fees to the Public Coffers' in Henan Province during Emperor Yongzheng's Reign

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学深; 房蓉

    2012-01-01

    Since his assumption of the throne,Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty had been pushing forward a series of reform initiatives,one of which was the enactment of the policy of "returning meltage fees to the public coffers".This policy had played a positive role in narrowing the gaping deficits in local governments' budgets,enriching the imperial treasury,and alleviating the burden on the people.This paper,taking the implementation of the policy of "returning meltage fees to the public coffers" in Henan Province as an example,conducts a textual research on the start date of such a policy in Henan and on the practical uses of the returned meltage fees,so as to gain an insight into the policy's overall implementation.%雍正帝自执政之始就推动了一系列的改革,耗羡归公是其中的一项政策,此政策对于弥补各地亏空,充实国库,减轻人民负担等起着促进作用。本文以河南省推行耗羡归公为例,通过考证河南省耗羡归公的起始日期及耗羡银用途,以窥见耗羡归功政策的实施。

  2. 45 CFR 5b.13 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... cost to be determined on a case-by-case basis. (3) No charge will be made if the total amount of...) Policy. Where applicable, fees for copying records will be charged in accordance with the schedule set forth in this section. Fees may only be charged where an individual requests that a copy be made of...

  3. 21 CFR 1401.13 - Waiver or reduction of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Waiver or reduction of fees. 1401.13 Section 1401.13 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION § 1401.13 Waiver or reduction of fees. Fees chargeable in connection with a request may be waived or reduced...

  4. 48 CFR 970.1504-1-7 - Fee base.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., buildings and facilities whether to be leased, purchased or constructed; depreciation of Government... the policies applying to architect-engineer or construction contracts. Fees paid for such...

  5. Fee splitting in ophthalmology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levin, Alex V; Ganesh, Anuradha; Al-Busaidi, Ahmed

    2011-02-01

    Fee splitting and co-management are common practices in ophthalmology. These arrangements may conflict with the ethical principles governing the doctor-patient relationship, may constitute professional misconduct, and at times, may be illegal. Implications and perceptions of these practices may vary between different cultures. Full disclosure to the patient may minimize the adverse effects of conflicts of interest that arise from these practices, and may thereby allow these practices to be deemed acceptable by some cultural morays, professional guidelines, or by law. Disclosure does not necessarily relieve the physician from a potential ethical compromise. This review examines the practice of fee splitting in ophthalmology, its legal implications, the policies or guidelines governing such arrangements, and the possible ethical ramifications. A comparative view between 3 countries, Canada, the United States, and Oman, was conducted; illustrating that even in disparate cultures, there may be some universality to the application of ethical principles.

  6. 45 CFR 60.14 - Fees applicable to requests for information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees applicable to requests for information. 60.14... Information by the National Practitioner Data Bank § 60.14 Fees applicable to requests for information. (a) Policy on fees. The fees described in this section apply to all requests for information from the NPDB...

  7. 10 CFR 171.11 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... avoidance of interest and penalty charges. If a partial or full exemption is granted, any overpayment will... following factors: (1) Age of the reactor; (2) Number of customers in rate base; (3) Net increase in KWh cost for each customer directly related to the annual fee assessed under this part; and (4) Any...

  8. Fee Schedules - General Information

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A fee schedule is a complete listing of fees used by Medicare to pay doctors or other providers-suppliers. This comprehensive listing of fee maximums is used to...

  9. Trends in Medicaid physician fees, 1993-1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, S; Zuckerman, S

    2000-01-01

    This study uses data on Medicaid physician fees in 1993 and 1998 to document variation in fees across the country, describe changes in these fees, and contrast how they changed relative to those in Medicare. The results show that 1998 Medicaid fees varied widely. Medicaid fees grew 4.6 percent between 1993 and 1998, lagging behind the general rate of inflation. This growth was greater for primary care services than for other services studied. Relative to Medicare physician fees, Medicaid fees fell by 14.3 percent between 1993 and 1998. Medicaid's low fees and slow growth rates suggest that potential access problems among Medicaid enrollees remain a policy issue that should be monitored.

  10. 12 CFR 347.304 - Accounting for fees on international loans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... accepted accounting principles. ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Accounting for fees on international loans. 347... OF GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING International Lending § 347.304 Accounting for fees...

  11. Who benefits from removing user fees for facility-based delivery services? Evidence on socioeconomic differences from Ghana, Senegal and Sierra Leone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKinnon, Britt; Harper, Sam; Kaufman, Jay S

    2015-06-01

    Coverage of skilled delivery care has been increasing across most low-income countries; however, it remains far from universal and is very unequally distributed according to socioeconomic position. In an effort to increase coverage of skilled delivery care and reduce socioeconomic inequalities, governments of several countries in sub-Saharan Africa have recently adopted policies that remove user fees for facility-based delivery services. There is little rigorous evidence of the impact of these policies and few studies have examined effects on socioeconomic inequalities. This study investigates the impact of recent delivery fee exemption policies in Ghana, Senegal, and Sierra Leone on socioeconomic differences in the use of facility-based delivery services. Using Demographic and Health Survey data from nine sub-Saharan African countries, we evaluated the user fee policy changes using a difference-in-differences approach that accounts for underlying common secular trends and time invariant differences among countries, and allows for differential effects of the policy by socioeconomic position. Removing user fees was consistent with meaningful increases in facility deliveries across all categories of household wealth and maternal education. We found little evidence of differential effects of removing user fees across quartiles of household wealth, with increases of 5.4 facility deliveries per hundred live births (95% CI: 2.1, 8.8) among women in the poorest quartile and 6.8 per hundred live births (95% CI: 4.0, 9.7) for women in the richest quartile. However, our results suggest that educated women benefited more from removing user fees compared to women with no education. For women with at least some secondary education, the estimated effect was 8.6 facility deliveries per hundred live births (95% CI: 5.4, 11.9), but only 4.6 per hundred live births (95% CI: 2.2, 7.0) for women with no education (heterogeneity p-value = 0.04). Thus, while removing fees at the point

  12. 10 CFR 170.21 - Schedule of fees for production and utilization facilities, review of standard referenced design...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of fees Fees 1,2 A. Nuclear Power Reactors Application for Construction Permit Full cost. Early Site... (including reactors and other facilities) and exports of components requiring Commission and Executive Branch... exemption request $16,700 2. Application for export of reactor and other components requiring...

  13. 17 CFR 270.17a-6 - Exemption for transactions with portfolio affiliates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... a wholly-owned subsidiary of a fund; (C) Usual and ordinary fees for services as a director; (D) An... with portfolio affiliates. 270.17a-6 Section 270.17a-6 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES... Exemption for transactions with portfolio affiliates. (a) Exemption for transactions with...

  14. The tuition fee ‘shock’: Analysing the response of first-year students to a spatially discontinuous policy change in Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitze, Timo Friedel; Burgard, Claudia; Alecke, Björn

    2015-01-01

    variation in tuition fee regimes as a result of a Federal Constitutional Court decision. Our empirical results show that the introduction of tuition fees had a particular impact on student migration. We observe three effects: first, male students show a stronger migration response compared to female...... students. Second, changes in migration behaviour are sensitive to geographical distance. Finally, comparing different types of higher education institutions, we find that the migration effect is larger for universities compared to technical colleges and colleges of arts or music....

  15. The tuition fee ‘shock’: Analysing the response of first-year students to a spatially discontinuous policy change in Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitze, Timo Friedel; Burgard, Claudia; Alecke, Björn

    2015-01-01

    variation in tuition fee regimes as a result of a Federal Constitutional Court decision. Our empirical results show that the introduction of tuition fees had a particular impact on student migration. We observe three effects: first, male students show a stronger migration response compared to female...... students. Second, changes in migration behaviour are sensitive to geographical distance. Finally, comparing different types of higher education institutions, we find that the migration effect is larger for universities compared to technical colleges and colleges of arts or music....

  16. 20 CFR 363.4 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exemptions. 363.4 Section 363.4 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD INTERNAL ADMINISTRATION, POLICY AND PROCEDURES GARNISHMENT OF REMUNERATION OF BOARD PERSONNEL § 363.4 Exemptions. (a) The portion of any payment due to a Board...

  17. The tuition fee ‘shock’: Analysing the response of first-year students to a spatially discontinuous policy change in Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitze, Timo Friedel; Burgard, Claudia; Alecke, Björn

    2015-01-01

    Using the introduction of tuition fees at German public universities as an exogenous shock, this paper investigates its causal impact on the enrolment and migration decision of high-school graduates. Specifically, we conduct a quasi-experimental analysis by exploiting the spatial and temporal...

  18. EDUCATION FEES

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    The Human Resources Division wishes to remind members of the personnel that, according to Article R IV 1.13 of the Staff Regulations, the amount of any financial benefit linked to education fees received from a source outside the Organization is deducted from the benefits paid by the Organization. Similarly, housing benefit, allowances or any other contributions towards the cost of accommodation shall also be deducted from the amount paid by CERN. The Human Resources Division also wishes to draw the attention of members of the personnel to the provisions of Article R IV 1.24 (Journey expenses) which state: 'Three times per period of two years the Organization shall reimburse the journey expenses in respect of each child covered by the provisions of Article R A 8.01 a) for the return trip between the duty station of the member of the personnel and the educational establishment.' Members of the personnel are reminded that the ticket or proof of payment of th...

  19. Clinical Laboratory Fee Schedule

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Outpatient clinical laboratory services are paid based on a fee schedule in accordance with Section 1833(h) of the Social Security Act. The clinical laboratory fee...

  20. NOTES ABOUT ATTORNEY'S FEES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Luiz Zanon Junior

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the brazilian attorney's fees system, aiming to address the issues concerning, first, the viability (or not of condemnation of the loser to compensate the winning party in the amount of the attorney's fees expedend by the winner, and also, second, the possibility of paying attorney's fees in favor of the public lawyers, in addition of his salary.

  1. Danish Patients are positive towards fees for non-attendance in public hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lou, Stina; Frumer, Michal; Olesen, Steen;

    2016-01-01

    ) should be exempted from the fee. Furthermore, an implementation of fees should be easy to manage administratively and should not increase bureaucracy. Conclusion: In general, patients’ attitudes towards implementing non-attendance fees are positive. Funding: Danish Regions, Ministry of Health and Central......Introduction: Patients’ non-attendance is a significant problem in modern healthcare. Non-attendance delays treatment, reduces efficiency and increases healthcare costs. For several years, the introduction of financial incentives such as a non-attendance fee has been discussed in Denmark. Set...... in the context of a tax-financed, free-for-all healthcare system, the political hesitance to introduce fees relates to concerns that additional fees may be badly received by tax-paying citizens and may undermine the polit­ical priority of patient equity. The aim of this qualitative sub-study was to investigate...

  2. Danish patients are positive towards fees for non-attendance in public hospitals. A qualitative study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lou, Stina; Frumer, Michal; Olesen, Steen;

    2016-01-01

    ) should be exempted from the fee. Furthermore, an implementation of fees should be easy to manage administratively and should not increase bureaucracy. CONCLUSION: In general, patients' attitudes towards implementing non-attendance fees are positive. FUNDING: Danish Regions, Ministry of Health and Central......INTRODUCTION: Patients' non-attendance is a significant problem in modern healthcare. Non-attendance delays treatment, reduces efficiency and increases healthcare costs. For several years, the introduction of financial incentives such as a non-attendance fee has been discussed in Denmark. Set...... in the context of a tax-financed, free-for-all healthcare system, the political hesitance to introduce fees relates to concerns that additional fees may be badly received by tax-paying citizens and may undermine the political priority of patient equity. The aim of this qualitative sub-study was to investigate...

  3. 45 CFR 61.13 - Fees applicable to requests for information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees applicable to requests for information. 61.13... applicable to requests for information. (a) Policy on fees. The fees described in this section apply to all requests for information from the HIPDB, except requests from Federal agencies. However, for purposes of...

  4. Elimination of User-Fees in Tertiary Education: A Distributive Analysis for Ecuador

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponce, Juan; Loayza, Yessenia

    2012-01-01

    This paper offers new evidence and methods for understanding the distributive effect of a universal government policy to eliminate user fees in public universities in Ecuador. The main argument to eliminate user fees in higher education is that it will increase enrollment among the poor. In this regard, eliminating tuition fees is supposed to be a…

  5. 12 CFR 22.4 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... State-owned property covered under a policy of self-insurance satisfactory to the Director of FEMA, who publishes and periodically revises the list of States falling within this exemption; or (b)...

  6. 41 CFR 105-60.305 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AVAILABILITY OF AGENCY RECORDS AND INFORMATIONAL MATERIALS 60.3-Availability of Opinions, Orders, Policies... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 105-60.305 Section 105-60.305 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations...

  7. The Policy Issues in Lin an Modei Forest of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Based on the analysis on policy such as property rights, tax and administration fee, harvesting and circulation of forest products in Lin 'an Modei Forest, some policy issues in the development of Lin 'an Model Forest towards sustainable forest management were raised: (1) The level of timber tax and fee is quite high and there are many kinds of taxes and fees such as fees for forest silviculture, forestry maintenance, forest protection, city construction, town-service, additional fee for education and o...

  8. 24 CFR 320.17 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GUARANTY OF MORTGAGE-BACKED SECURITIES Pass-Through Type Securities § 320.17 Fees. The Association may impose application fees, guaranty fees, securities transfer fees and other fees. ...

  9. 78 FR 4784 - Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... entities for the purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act The rule is not a major rule under 5 U.S.C. 804(2), the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement... under IGRA. Failure of a gaming operation to pay the fees imposed by the Commission's fee schedule...

  10. 76 FR 3646 - Safety Requirements and Manning Exemption Eligibility on Distant Water Tuna Fleet Vessels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Safety Requirements and Manning Exemption Eligibility on Distant Water Tuna Fleet... Requirements and Manning Exemption Eligibility on Distant Water Tuna Fleet Vessels. All comments received will... availability of a draft policy regarding distant water tuna fleet vessels manning exemption eligibility...

  11. 41 CFR 51-9.102-1 - Specific exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-General Policy § 51-9.102-1 Specific exemptions. Systems of records maintained by the Committee which have... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Specific exemptions. 51-9.102-1 Section 51-9.102-1 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to...

  12. DMEPOS Fee Schedule

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The list contains the fee schedule amounts, floors, and ceilings for all procedure codes and payment category, jurisdication, and short description assigned to each...

  13. Pricing and Fee Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Richard B.

    1986-01-01

    Defines key terms and discusses things to consider when setting fees for a continuing education program. These include (1) the organization's philosophy and mission, (2) certain key variables, (3) pricing strategy options, and (4) the test of reasonableness. (CH)

  14. Reimbursement of school fees

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Members of the personnel are reminded that only school fees from educational establishments recognized by local legislation are reimbursed by the Organization. Human Resources Division Tel. 72862/74474

  15. Physician Fee Schedule Search

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This website is designed to provide information on services covered by the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule (MPFS). It provides more than 10,000 physician services,...

  16. 农村教育"两免一补"政策的理论价值与实践效应分析%Study on the Practice and Theory Value of Policy of Exempt and Subsidy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫思祺

    2011-01-01

    "两免一补"政策的实施不仅较好的诠释了义务教育的纯公共产品属性,较好地体现了教育均衡发展,教育资源公平、合理的分配理论在农村教育领域的发展与应用,而且也正是公共财政理论的应有之意,是教育正义理论中平等与差别原则在基础教育实施过程的内在要求.运用数据辅证、理论推理的方法,论证"两免一补"政策的实施,对营造农村教育的新氛围、改变农民读书无用论的错误认识;减轻农民家庭经济负担,对消除农村辍学率;提高劳动生产率、增加经济效益都起到了良好地效果.因此,政府应进一步完善"两免一补"政策、丰富教育理论价值、增强其实践效应.%practicing on policy of exempt and subsidy not only has annotated a predicable commonality product of compulsory education, and has materialized development and application that the theory of balanced development of compulsory education, equity of resource of education, reasonable distribute have done in rural education, but also is meaning of public finance theory and principle of equality and difference in education justice puts in practice on demand of the compulsory education.According to data and theory , actualizing of the policy of exempt and subsidy has better effect on the building on new atmosphere of rural education,changing on error means for studying in school; and lightening on burden of farmer domestic economy,dispelling dropout ratio in rural; developing of lab productivity increase ratio, increasing economy benefit.Thus government should consummate policy of exempt and subsidy, enrich value of education theory, increase domino effect.

  17. 46 CFR 10.219 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... rating 50 45 45 STCW certification: Original No fee No fee No fee Renewal No fee No fee No fee Reissue... address for sending payment by mail can be found at http://www.uscg.mil/stcw/ldcr-userfees.htm. (4) Checks... regarding current forms of electronic payment, go to http://www.uscg.mil/stcw/ldcr-userfees.htm. (e)...

  18. Private Schools and Public Benefit: Fees, Fee Remissions, and Subsidies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The level of fee remissions offered by private schools bears upon the scope for relying on private schools to provide public benefit. Analyses of education voucher systems have generally ignored the possibility that they will partially crowd out school-financed fee remissions. Moreover, variation in fee remissions between private schools may be…

  19. Public policies and health systems in Sahelian Africa: theoretical context and empirical specificity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivier de Sardan, Jean-Pierre; Ridde, Valéry

    2015-01-01

    This research on user fee removal in three African countries is located at the interface of public policy analysis and health systems research. Public policy analysis has gradually become a vast and multifaceted area of research consisting of a number of perspectives. But the context of public policies in Sahelian Africa has some specific characteristics. They are largely shaped by international institutions and development agencies, on the basis of very common 'one-size-fits-all' models; the practical norms that govern the actual behaviour of employees are far removed from official norms; public goods and services are co-delivered by a string of different actors and institutions, with little coordination between them; the State is widely regarded by the majority of citizens as untrustworthy. In such a context, setting up and implementing health user fee exemptions in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger was beset by major problems, lack of coherence and bottlenecks that affect public policy-making and implementation in these countries.

  20. 21 CFR 1401.12 - Fees to be charged-categories of requesters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees to be charged-categories of requesters. 1401.12 Section 1401.12 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF...; representatives of the news media; and all other requesters. (b) The specific levels of fees for each of...

  1. 21 CFR 1401.10 - Fees to be charged-general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees to be charged-general. 1401.10 Section 1401.10 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION § 1401.10 Fees to be charged—general. ONDCP will recoup the full allowable costs it incurs in response to a...

  2. 21 CFR 1401.11 - Fees to be charged-miscellaneous provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees to be charged-miscellaneous provisions. 1401.11 Section 1401.11 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION § 1401.11 Fees to be charged—miscellaneous provisions. (a) Remittance shall be mailed to...

  3. The Effect of Tuition Fees on Student Mobility: The UK and Ireland as a Natural Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakeling, Paul; Jefferies, Katie

    2013-01-01

    We exploit changes in student funding policies across the four UK nations and the Republic of Ireland to conduct a natural experiment investigating the marginal effect of differing tuition fee levels on students' enrolment behaviour. Whilst previous international research suggests increases in fees suppress demand and disincentivise cross-border…

  4. Analyzing Revenue Contribution Ratios: Net versus Gross Tuition and Fees Revenue Contribution Ratios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenny, Hans H.; Minter, W. John

    1994-01-01

    It is argued that analysis of tuition and fees revenue contributions can enable colleges and universities to develop pricing, admissions, and student aid policies that produce desired financial outcomes. Long-term trends of three tuition and fees revenue contribution ratios are explained and illustrated. (MSE)

  5. 76 FR 38342 - Medicare Program; Clinical Laboratory Fee Schedule: Signature on Requisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ...; Clinical Laboratory Fee Schedule: Signature on Requisition AGENCY: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services... calendar year 2011 Physician Fee Schedule final rule with comment period that requires the signature of a... the prior policy that the signature of a physician or qualified non-physician practitioner is...

  6. Tax-exempt private placements: a new opportunity for not-for-profit providers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambrose, Jim; Harris, Andrew

    2006-08-01

    Tax-exempt private placements offer an attractive financing alternative for not-for-profit healthcare providers for which the public debt market is no longer a viable option. They offer the following advantages: Greater flexibility Lower fees. Less paperwork. Fewer players. Shorter time to complete.

  7. Reminder : Reimbursement of education fees / accommodation fees

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Your attention is drawn to the 20 km distance limit set in Article R A 8.01 of the Staff Regulations, namely, that only accommodation fees of students attending an educational establishment which is more than 20 km from the place of residence and the duty station of the member of the personnel are reimbursed by the Organization, subject to the percentage rate and maximum amounts set out in this article and in Administrative Circular N° 12. Human Resources Division Tel : 72862 / 74474

  8. Reimbursement of education fees / accommodation fees

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Your attention is drawn to the 20 km distance limit set in Article R A 8.01 of the Staff Regulations, namely, that only accommodation fees of students attending an educational establishment which is more than 20 km from the place of residence and the duty station of the member of the personnel are reimbursed by the Organization, subject to the percentage rate and maximum amounts set out in this article and in Administrative Circular N° 12. Human Resources Division Tel: 72862 / 74474

  9. 76 FR 31351 - Safety Requirements and Manning Exemption Eligibility on Distant Water Tuna Fleet Vessels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard Safety Requirements and Manning Exemption Eligibility on Distant Water Tuna Fleet... availability of Office of Vessel Activities Policy Letter 11-05 regarding Distant Water Tuna Fleet vessels manning exemption eligibility and safety requirements. This final policy clarifies the requirements...

  10. Abolition of user fees: the Uganda paradox.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nabyonga Orem, Juliet; Mugisha, Frederick; Kirunga, Christine; Macq, Jean; Criel, Bart

    2011-11-01

    Inadequate health financing is one of the major challenges health systems in low-income countries currently face. Health financing reforms are being implemented with an increasing interest in policies that abolish user fees. Data from three nationally representative surveys conducted in Uganda in 1999/2000, 2002/03 and 2005/06 were used to investigate the impact of user fee abolition on the attainment of universal coverage objectives. An increase in illness reporting was noted over the three surveys, especially among the poorer quintiles. An increase in utilization was registered in the period immediately following the abolition of user fees and was most pronounced in the poorest quintile. Overall, there was an increase in utilization in both public and private health care delivery sectors, but only at clinic and health centre level, not at hospitals. Our study shows important changes in health-care-seeking behaviour. In 2002/03, the poorest population quintile started using government health centres more often than private clinics whereas in 1999/2000 private clinics were the main source of health care. The richest quintile has increasingly used private clinics. Overall, it appears that the private sector remains a significant source of health care. Following abolition of user fees, we note an increase in the use of lower levels of care with subsequent reductions in use of hospitals. Total annual average expenditures on health per household remained fairly stable between the 1999/2000 and 2002/03 surveys. There was, however, an increase of US$21 in expenditure between the 2002/03 and 2005/06 surveys. Abolition of user fees improved access to health services and efficiency in utilization. On the negative side is the fact that financial protection is yet to be achieved. Out-of-pocket expenditure remains high and mainly affects the poorer population quintiles. A dual system seems to have emerged where wealthier population groups are switching to the private sector.

  11. 76 FR 49365 - Cost Accounting Standards: Elimination of the Exemption From Cost Accounting Standards for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... BUDGET Office of Federal Procurement Policy 48 CFR Part 9903 Cost Accounting Standards: Elimination of the Exemption From Cost Accounting Standards for Contracts and Subcontracts Executed and Performed... Budget (OMB), Office of Federal Procurement Policy (OFPP), Cost Accounting Standards Board...

  12. Health worker perspectives on user fee removal in Zambia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carasso Barbara S

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background User fees for primary care services were removed in rural districts in Zambia in 2006. Experience from other countries has suggested that health workers play a key role in determining the success of a fee removal policy, but also find the implementation of such a policy challenging. The policy was introduced against a backdrop of a major shortage in qualified health staff. Methods As part of a larger study on the experience and effect of user fee removal in Zambia, a number of case studies at the facility level were conducted. As part of these, quantitative and qualitative data were collected to evaluate health workers’ satisfaction and experiences in charging and non-charging facilities. Results Our findings show that health-care workers have mixed feelings about the policy change and its consequences. We found some evidence that personnel motivation was higher in non-charging facilities compared to facilities still charging. Yet it is unclear whether this effect was due to differences in the user fee policy or to the fact that a lot of staff interviewed in non-charging facilities were working in mission facilities, where we found a significantly higher motivation. Health workers expressed satisfaction with an apparent increase in the number of patients visiting the facilities and the removal of a deterring factor for many needy patients, but also complained about an increased workload. Furthermore, working conditions were said to have worsened, which staff felt was linked to the absence of additional resources to deal with the increased demand or replace the loss of revenue generated by fees. Conclusion These findings highlight the need to pay attention to supply-side measures when removing demand-side barriers such as user fees and in particular to be concerned about the burden that increased demand can place on already over-stretched health workers.

  13. Reimbursement of school fees

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    In order to answer regular enquiries on this subject, members of the personnel are reminded that only school fees from educational establishments recognized as such by the competent authorities of the Member State concerned are reimbursed by the Organization. Human Resources Division Tel. 72862/74474

  14. 7 CFR 6.33 - License fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false License fee. 6.33 Section 6.33 Agriculture Office of... License fee. (a) A fee will be assessed each quota year for each license to defray the Department's costs... preceding the quota year for which the fee is assessed. (b) The license fee for each license issued is...

  15. 5 CFR 2604.701 - Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Reproduction and Mailing of Public Financial Disclosure Reports § 2604.701 Policy. Fees for the reproduction... payable to the Treasury of the United States. Except as provided in § 2604.702(d), nothing concerning fees... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Policy. 2604.701 Section...

  16. 48 CFR 2452.216-70 - Estimated cost, base fee and award fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Provisions and Clauses 2452.216-70 Estimated cost, base fee and award fee. As prescribed in 2416.406(e)(1), insert the following clause in all cost-plus-award-fee contracts: Estimated Cost, Base Fee and Award Fee... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Estimated cost, base fee...

  17. Medicare Program; Revisions to Payment Policies Under the Physician Fee Schedule and Other Revisions to Part B for CY 2017; Medicare Advantage Bid Pricing Data Release; Medicare Advantage and Part D Medical Loss Ratio Data Release; Medicare Advantage Provider Network Requirements; Expansion of Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program Model; Medicare Shared Savings Program Requirements. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-15

    This major final rule addresses changes to the physician fee schedule and other Medicare Part B payment policies, such as changes to the Value Modifier, to ensure that our payment systems are updated to reflect changes in medical practice and the relative value of services, as well as changes in the statute. This final rule also includes changes related to the Medicare Shared Savings Program, requirements for Medicare Advantage Provider Networks, and provides for the release of certain pricing data from Medicare Advantage bids and of data from medical loss ratio reports submitted by Medicare health and drug plans. In addition, this final rule expands the Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program model.

  18. 47 CFR 1.1162 - General exemptions from regulatory fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... appointed public officials exercising sovereign direction and control over their respective communities or... of such change in its nonprofit status or ownership. Additionally, for-profit purchasers or assignees... Commission authorization in any other mass media radio service (except the international broadcast (HF...

  19. 32 CFR 1285.6 - Fees and fee waivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY MISCELLANEOUS DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 1285.6 Fees and fee waivers. The rules and... operational costs and may be used when the actual computer cost cannot be determined. ...

  20. 12 CFR 271.9 - Fee schedules; waiver of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 271.9 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) FEDERAL OPEN MARKET COMMITTEE RULES... pursuant to § 271.5 will pay the applicable fees, unless the request includes a limitation on fees to be... because it is likely to contribute significantly to public understanding of the operation or activities...

  1. Finding the proper balance between freedom and justice: why we should not eliminate personal belief exemptions to vaccine mandates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opel, Douglas J; Diekema, Douglas S

    2012-02-01

    Lantos and colleagues (this issue) propose to eliminate personal belief exemptions from school vaccine mandates, particularly for those vaccines that target deadly contagious childhood disease. They argue that not doing so would be unjust. In this counterpoint, we argue that, for reasons grounded in both health policy and morality, a just vaccine policy need not prohibit parents from claiming personal belief exemptions.

  2. 7 CFR 93.14 - Fees for aflatoxin analysis and fees for testing of other mycotoxins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees for aflatoxin analysis and fees for testing of... Nuts, Corn and Other Oilseeds § 93.14 Fees for aflatoxin analysis and fees for testing of other mycotoxins. (a) The fee charged for any laboratory analysis for aflatoxins and other mycotoxins shall be...

  3. 48 CFR 215.404-74 - Fee requirements for cost-plus-award-fee contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 215.404-74 Fee requirements for cost-plus-award-fee contracts. In developing a fee objective for cost-plus-award-fee contracts, the contracting officer shall— (a) Follow the... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee requirements for cost...

  4. 7 CFR 800.73 - Computation and payment of service fees; general fee information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS Fees § 800.73 Computation and payment of service fees; general fee information... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Computation and payment of service fees; general fee information. 800.73 Section 800.73 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued)...

  5. 12 CFR 339.8 - Determination fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Determination fees. 339.8 Section 339.8 Banks... IN AREAS HAVING SPECIAL FLOOD HAZARDS § 339.8 Determination fees. (a) General. Notwithstanding any... hazard area. A determination fee may also include, but is not limited to, a fee for life-of-loan...

  6. 12 CFR 760.8 - Determination fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Determination fees. 760.8 Section 760.8 Banks... HAVING SPECIAL FLOOD HAZARDS § 760.8 Determination fees. (a) General. Notwithstanding any Federal or... flood hazard area. A determination fee may also include, but is not limited to, a fee for life-of-loan...

  7. 12 CFR 572.8 - Determination fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Determination fees. 572.8 Section 572.8 Banks... FLOOD HAZARDS § 572.8 Determination fees. (a) General. Notwithstanding any Federal or State law other... flood hazard area. A determination fee may also include, but is not limited to, a fee for life-of-loan...

  8. 27 CFR 555.42 - License fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License fees. 555.42... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE EXPLOSIVES COMMERCE IN EXPLOSIVES Licenses and Permits § 555.42 License fees. (a) Each applicant shall pay a fee for obtaining a three year license, a separate fee...

  9. 19 CFR 4.98 - Navigation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Navigation fees. 4.98 Section 4.98 Customs Duties... VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES General § 4.98 Navigation fees. (a)(1) The Customs Service shall... revised schedule of navigation fees for the following services: Fee No. and description of services...

  10. 75 FR 39629 - FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    ... 1703 FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board. ACTION: Establishment of... Information Act (FOIA) Fee Schedule Update pursuant to 10 CFR 1703.107(b)(6) of the Board's regulations. DATES... update the FOIA Fee Schedule once every 12 months. The previous Fee Schedule Update was published in...

  11. 76 FR 43819 - FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... SAFETY BOARD 10 CFR Part 1703 FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board... publishing its Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Fee Schedule Update pursuant to the Board's regulations... General Manager will update the FOIA Fee Schedule once every 12 months. The previous Fee Schedule...

  12. 76 FR 16239 - Moratorium on New Exemptions for Passenger Carrying Operations Conducted for Compensation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... holder to operate a large, crew-served, piston-powered, multiengine, World War II (WWII) bomber carrying... experience flight in these aircraft. A 2004 policy explicitly limited the scope of LHFE exemptions to WWII...

  13. The Subject of Exemption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hamre, Bjørn; Fristrup, Tine; Christensen, Gerd

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the constructions of the deviant subject in Danish Foucauldian educational research. Following the work of Foucault, we argue that the deviant subject, on the one hand, could be considered as a subject of exemption. In this case, exemption is deduced from Foucault’s understa...... discourses of general education. Thus, this article argues that Foucauldian disability studies could benefit from taking into account Foucauldian research in the field of general education. Until recently, the two research fields have been mutually isolated.......This article examines the constructions of the deviant subject in Danish Foucauldian educational research. Following the work of Foucault, we argue that the deviant subject, on the one hand, could be considered as a subject of exemption. In this case, exemption is deduced from Foucault...

  14. Award Fees and Their Relationship to Contract Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    government. The government’s objectives might include meeting public policy goals such as supporting small businesses , obtaining goods or services at a...are quality, schedule, cost control, business relations, management of key personnel, and utilization of small business . The 1-to-5 point evaluation...contract being labeled a failure . Further analysis showed a positive correlation between award fee decisions and contractor performance ratings on the

  15. 77 FR 65199 - Generic Drug User Fee-Backlog Fee Rate for Fiscal Year 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Generic Drug User Fee--Backlog Fee Rate for Fiscal Year 2013...) is announcing the ] rate for the backlog fee related to generic drug user fees for fiscal year (FY) 2013. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), as amended by the Generic Drug User...

  16. Public policies and health systems in Sahelian Africa: theoretical context and empirical specificity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    This research on user fee removal in three African countries is located at the interface of public policy analysis and health systems research. Public policy analysis has gradually become a vast and multifaceted area of research consisting of a number of perspectives. But the context of public policies in Sahelian Africa has some specific characteristics. They are largely shaped by international institutions and development agencies, on the basis of very common 'one-size-fits-all' models; the practical norms that govern the actual behaviour of employees are far removed from official norms; public goods and services are co-delivered by a string of different actors and institutions, with little coordination between them; the State is widely regarded by the majority of citizens as untrustworthy. In such a context, setting up and implementing health user fee exemptions in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger was beset by major problems, lack of coherence and bottlenecks that affect public policy-making and implementation in these countries. Health systems research for its part started to gain momentum less than twenty years ago and is becoming a discipline in its own right. But French-speaking African countries scarcely feature in it, and social sciences are not yet fully integrated. This special issue wants to fill the gap. In the Sahel, the bad health indicators reflect a combination of converging factors: lack of health centres, skilled staff, and resources; bad quality of care delivery, corruption, mismanagement; absence of any social security or meaningful commitment to the worst-off; growing competition from drug peddlers on one side, from private clinics on the other. Most reforms of the health system have various 'blind spots'. They do not take in account the daily reality of its functioning, its actual governance, the implicit rationales of the actors involved, and the quality of healthcare provision. In order to document the numerous neglected problems of the health

  17. 40 CFR 71.9 - Permit fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Consumer Price Index. (2) Part 71 permit program costs and fees will be reviewed by the... Administrator, the changes will be published in the Federal Register. (o) Use of revenue. All fees,...

  18. 47 CFR 76.1511 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... local franchising authority or other governmental entity, in lieu of the franchise fees permitted under... calculation of the incumbent cable operator's cable franchise fee. Gross revenues does not include...

  19. 24 CFR 320.33 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GUARANTY OF MORTGAGE-BACKED SECURITIES Bond-Type Securities § 320.33 Fees. The Association may impose application and guaranty fees...

  20. DME Prosthetics Orthotics, and Supplies Fee Schedule

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetics-Orthotics, and Supplies Fee Schedule. The list contains the fee schedule amounts, floors, and ceilings for all procedure codes...

  1. Education fees – New forms

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    The application forms for the payment of education fees have been updated and are now available in the Admin e-guide (under the “Useful Documents” heading):   Payment of education fees (including language course fees) – AC12A (form to be used by staff members recruited before 1 January 2007, with the exception of former “local staff”).   Payment of education fees – AC12B (form to be used by staff members recruited on or after 1 January 2007, by fellows, scientific associates and guest professors and by former “local staff” whose contracts started before 1 January 2007). The Education Fees service will continue to accept the old forms until the end of the current academic year, i.e. until 31 August 2015. Members of the personnel are reminded that any false declaration or failure to declare information with a view to deceiving others or achieving a gain that would result in a financial loss for CERN or...

  2. 12 CFR 347.215 - Exemptions from deposit insurance requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... STATEMENTS OF GENERAL POLICY INTERNATIONAL BANKING Foreign Banks § 347.215 Exemptions from deposit insurance... depositing funds in connection with the issuance of a financial instrument by the branch for the transmission... importance of maintaining and improving the availability of credit to all sectors of the United...

  3. 26 CFR 301.6334-1 - Property exempt from levy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Internal Revenue Service policy, there shall be exempt from levy— (1) Wearing apparel and school books. Such items of wearing apparel and such school books as are necessary for the taxpayer or for members of..., furniture, and personal effects. So much of the fuel, provisions, furniture, and personal effects in...

  4. 29 CFR 780.319 - Basic conditions of exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... OF GENERAL POLICY OR INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS EXEMPTIONS APPLICABLE TO AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT... which are common to both sections 13(a)(6)(C) and 13(a)(6)(D) have already been discussed in...

  5. 38 CFR 36.4707 - Determination fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Determination fees. 36...) LOAN GUARANTY Sale of Loans, Guarantee of Payment, and Flood Insurance § 36.4707 Determination fees. (a... will be located in a special flood hazard area. A determination fee may also include, but is not...

  6. 12 CFR 614.4950 - Determination fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Determination fees. 614.4950 Section 614.4950... Insurance Requirements § 614.4950 Determination fees. (a) General. Notwithstanding any Federal or State law... or will be located in a special flood hazard area. A determination fee may also include, but is not...

  7. Taxes, Tuition Fees and Education for Pleasure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren Bo; Rose Skaksen, Jan; Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj

    2011-01-01

    are unconstrained, the optimal tax/fee system involves regressive income taxes and high tuition fees. A progressive labor income tax system may, on the other hand, be a second-best response to politically constrained, low tuition fees. Finally, the existence of individuals with different abilities will also move...

  8. 27 CFR 478.42 - License fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License fees. 478.42... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION COMMERCE IN FIREARMS AND AMMUNITION Licenses § 478.42 License fees. Each applicant shall pay a fee for obtaining a firearms license or...

  9. 32 CFR 534.4 - Other fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Other fees. 534.4 Section 534.4 National Defense... Other fees. (a) Service of subpoena. Fees or compensation for the service of a subpoena by a civilian... no mileage or other allowance for travel of the civil officer to the witness is provided for...

  10. 77 FR 41258 - FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... SAFETY BOARD 10 CFR Part 1703 FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board... publishing its Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Fee Schedule Update pursuant to the Board's regulations..., the Board's General Manager will update the FOIA Fee Schedule once every 12 months. The previous...

  11. 32 CFR 299.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .../output costs. (g) Search costs for audiovisual documentary material shall be computed as for any other... 10-35, Implementation of the Privacy Act of 1974. If fees are assessable, a search cost estimate... that requester's fee status shall be final. (b) Fees shall reflect only direct search, review (in...

  12. 78 FR 14053 - Vessel Documentation Renewal Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... vessels. This proposed rule would separately list a fee of $26 to cover the current costs of the vessel... fee would more accurately reflect the Coast Guard's current operating and overhead costs associated... proposed fee reflects this cost, and should close the current gap identified in the Biennial Review....

  13. 32 CFR 290.8 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 290.8 Section 290.8 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM DEFENSE CONTRACT AUDIT AGENCY (DCAA) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 290.8 Fees. (a) Fees...

  14. 25 CFR 514.1 - Annual fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of money wagered on class II and III games, admission fees (including table or card fees), less any... year. (1) These statements shall show the amounts derived from each type of game, the amounts deducted... maximum imposed by Congress. The Commission shall credit pro-rata any fees collected in excess of this...

  15. 50 CFR 600.1013 - Fee payment and collection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Framework § 600.1013 Fee payment and collection. (a) Amount. The fee amount is the delivery value times the... full fee is due and payable at the time of fish delivery. Each fish buyer shall collect the fee at the time of fish delivery by deducting the fee from the delivery value before paying, or promising to pay...

  16. 78 FR 33436 - 2013 Final Fee Rate and Fingerprint Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ...Notice is hereby given, pursuant to 25 CFR 514.2, that the National Indian Gaming Commission has adopted its 2013 final annual fee rates of 0.00% for tier 1 and 0.072% (.00072) for tier 2. These rates shall apply to all assessable gross revenues from each gaming operation under the jurisdiction of the Commission. If a tribe has a certificate of self-regulation under 25 CFR part 518, the 2013......

  17. 76 FR 36779 - Revision of Fee Schedules; Fee Recovery for Fiscal Year 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) Title I budgeted costs. This commenter... fees for power reactors and uranium recovery facilities have decreased while fees for spent fuel... (DOE) uranium recovery and transportation activities have increased. Another factor affecting ]...

  18. 41 CFR 105-60.305-4 - GSA records available at a fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false GSA records available at a fee. 105-60.305-4 Section 105-60.305-4 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property..., Orders, Policies, Interpretations, Manuals, and Instructions § 105-60.305-4 GSA records available at...

  19. Abolishing School Fees in Malawi: The Impact on Education Access and Equity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Samarrai, Samer; Zaman, Hassan

    2007-01-01

    In 1994, the newly elected Government in Malawi abolished primary school fees. Using household survey data from 1990/91 and 1997/98, this paper assesses the impact this major policy change, combined with increased Government spending on education, has had on access to schooling by the poor. This paper shows that enrolment rates have increased…

  20. Determinants of Audit Fees and Non-audit Fees for Listed UK Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Yan

    2010-01-01

    This study mainly examines the characteristics of financial distress, earnings management, executive remuneration and low balling simultaneously determine audit and non-audit fees. Single-equation models are utilized in this research for both audit and non-audit fee models by using a sample of listed UK companies in FTSE for the period 2001-2010. The empirical results reveal that financial distress has negative association with non-audit fees, and cannot fully explain audit fee model; ear...

  1. 76 FR 61660 - Cost Accounting Standards: Clarification of the Exemption From Cost Accounting Standards for Firm...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... BUDGET Office of Federal Procurement Policy 48 CFR Part 9903 Cost Accounting Standards: Clarification of the Exemption From Cost Accounting Standards for Firm-Fixed-Price Contracts and Subcontracts Awarded... of Federal Procurement Policy, Cost Accounting Standards Board. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The...

  2. 49 CFR 1103.20 - Practitioner's fees and related practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... charity case, should fees be entirely contingent upon success. (d) Division of fees. Fees for services... prevent injustice, imposition or fraud. (f) Acquiring interest in litigation. The practitioner shall...

  3. 7 CFR 504.3 - Payment of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE USER FEES § 504.3 Payment of fees. (a) Payment of user fees must accompany a culture deposit or request. (b) Payment shall be made by check, draft, or money order payable to USDA, National Finance...

  4. 40 CFR 304.41 - Administrative fees, expenses, and Arbitrator's fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Arbitrator's fee. 304.41 Section 304.41 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... SUPERFUND COST RECOVERY CLAIMS Other Provisions § 304.41 Administrative fees, expenses, and Arbitrator's fee... ordering copies, unless otherwise agreed by the parties, or unless the Arbitrator assesses such expenses...

  5. 29 CFR 784.137 - Relationship of exemption to exemption for “offshore” activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relationship of exemption to exemption for âoffshoreâ...(a)(4) Exemption § 784.137 Relationship of exemption to exemption for “offshore” activities. The... or by the necessity for consumption or preservation of such products before spoilage occurs...

  6. 25 CFR 162.205 - Can individual Indian landowners exempt their agricultural land from certain tribal leasing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... agricultural land from certain tribal leasing policies? 162.205 Section 162.205 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN... leasing policies? (a) Individual Indian landowners may exempt their agricultural land from the application of a tribal leasing policy of a type described in § 162.203(b) through (c) of this subpart, if...

  7. 12 CFR 203.3 - Exempt institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exempt institutions. 203.3 Section 203.3 Banks... DISCLOSURE (REGULATION C) § 203.3 Exempt institutions. (a) Exemption based on state law. (1) A state-chartered or state-licensed financial institution is exempt from the requirements of this regulation if...

  8. 76 FR 51431 - Prohibited Transaction Exemptions and Grant of Individual Exemptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employee Benefits Security Administration Prohibited Transaction Exemptions and Grant of Individual Exemptions Notice of Technical Correction Prohibited Transaction Exemptions and Grant of...

  9. Endoscopy Practice Management, Fee Structures, and Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divers, Stephen J

    2015-09-01

    Although our knowledge and appreciation of endoscopic procedures in exotic pets is extensive, associated management practices, including equipment preferences and fee structures, have rarely been discussed. This short article highlights the results of a small survey of 35 experienced exotic animal endoscopists and details their equipment ownership/preferences and fee structures. The importance of marketing is also emphasized.

  10. 12 CFR 308.524 - Witness fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Witness fees. 308.524 Section 308.524 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Program Fraud Civil Remedies and Procedures § 308.524 Witness fees. The party requesting a...

  11. 20 CFR 903.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fees. 903.6 Section 903.6 Employees' Benefits JOINT BOARD FOR THE ENROLLMENT OF ACTUARIES ACCESS TO RECORDS Records Pertaining to Individuals § 903.6 Fees. Charges for copies of records made pursuant to part 903 of this chapter will be at the rate of...

  12. 44 CFR 72.3 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fee schedule. 72.3 Section 72.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... initial fee, if necessary, will be published as a notice in the Federal Register. (b) For requests...

  13. 12 CFR 34.23 - Prepayment fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prepayment fees. 34.23 Section 34.23 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS... impose fees for prepayments notwithstanding any State law limitations to the contrary. For purposes...

  14. 77 FR 51697 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-27

    ... CFR Part 310 RIN 3084-AA98 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call.... List of Subjects in 16 CFR Part 310 Advertising, Consumer protection, Reporting and recordkeeping...

  15. 78 FR 53642 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... 3084-AA98 16 CFR Part 310 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Final... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call.... List of Subjects in 16 CFR Part 310 Advertising, Consumer protection, Reporting and recordkeeping...

  16. 76 FR 53636 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ... CFR Part 310 RIN 3084-AA98 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees ] charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call... Advertising, Consumer protection, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Telephone, Trade practices...

  17. 13 CFR 102.6 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... section. Fees must be paid by check or money order made payable to SBA. (b) Definitions and applicable... maintained in electronic form or format. SBA may charge search fees even if they fail to locate records or if... materials, or electronic records (for example, magnetic tape or disk), among others. SBA will charge...

  18. 45 CFR 1705.10 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 1705.10 Section 1705.10 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE PRIVACY REGULATIONS § 1705.10 Fees. (a) The Commission will not charge an individual for the costs...

  19. 10 CFR 1707.301 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1707.301 Section 1707.301 Energy DEFENSE NUCLEAR..., allowance, and benefits). Fees for duplication will be the same as those charged by DNFSB in its Freedom of... (authentication) of copies of records. The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board may certify that records...

  20. 8 CFR 103.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... exchange visitors—$180. For remittance of the I-901 SEVIS fee for J-1 au pairs, camp counselors, and participants in a summer work/travel program—$35. There is no I-901 SEVIS fee remittance obligation for J exchange visitors in federally-funded programs with a program identifier designation prefix that begins...

  1. 36 CFR 1007.9 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... single subject or related subjects to avoid assessment of fees, the requests may be aggregated and fees... subscription by the general public. As traditional methods of news delivery evolve (e.g., electronic dissemination of newspapers through telecommunications services), such alternative media would be included...

  2. Hidden costs: the direct and indirect impact of user fees on access to malaria treatment and primary care in Mali.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Ari; Goss, Adeline; Beckerman, Jessica; Castro, Arachu

    2012-11-01

    and household finances. As many countries consider user fee abolition policies, these findings indicate the need to create a broader evaluation framework-one that can measure the health and socioeconomic impacts of user fee polices and of their removal. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Achieving an Optimal Childhood Vaccine Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opel, Douglas J; Schwartz, Jason L; Omer, Saad B; Silverman, Ross; Duchin, Jeff; Kodish, Eric; Diekema, Douglas S; Marcuse, Edgar K; Orenstein, Walt

    2017-07-03

    Policies to remove parents' ability to opt-out from school immunization requirements on the basis of religious or personal beliefs (ie, nonmedical exemptions) may be a useful strategy to increase immunization rates and prevent outbreaks of vaccine-preventable disease. However, there is uncertainty about the effectiveness of this strategy and the range of possible outcomes. We advocate for a more deliberative process through which a broad range of outcomes is scrutinized and the balance of values underlying the policy decision to eliminate nonmedical exemptions is clearly articulated. We identify 3 outcomes that require particular consideration before policies to eliminate nonmedical exemptions are implemented widely and outline a process for making the values underlying such policies more explicit.

  4. 78 FR 797 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-04

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision...; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision... to exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the exemptions granted will not...

  5. Economics of "essential use exemptions" for metered-dose inhalers under the Montreal Protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeCanio, Stephen J; Norman, Catherine S

    2007-10-01

    The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer has led to rapid reductions in the use of ozone-depleting substances worldwide. However, the Protocol provides for "essential use exemptions" (EUEs) if there are no "technically and economically feasible" alternatives. An application that might qualify as an "essential use" is CFC-powered medical metered-dose inhalers (MDIs) for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the US and other nations have applied for exemptions in this case. One concern is that exemptions are necessary to ensure access to medications for low-income uninsureds. We examine the consequences of granting or withholding such exemptions, and conclude that government policies and private-sector programs are available that make it economically feasible to phase out chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in this application, thereby furthering the global public health objectives of the Montreal Protocol without compromising the treatment of patients who currently receive medication by means of MDIs.

  6. 34 CFR 5.61 - Notification of estimated fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notification of estimated fees. 5.61 Section 5.61... PURSUANT TO PUB. L. 90-23 (Eff. until 7-14-10) Fees and Charges § 5.61 Notification of estimated fees. If the estimated fees under this section total more than $25, or more than the maximum amount...

  7. 22 CFR 51.55 - Execution fee not refundable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Execution fee not refundable. 51.55 Section 51.55 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE NATIONALITY AND PASSPORTS PASSPORTS Fees § 51.55 Execution fee not refundable. The fee for the execution of a passport application is not refundable. ...

  8. 77 FR 33980 - Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    ... NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD 10 CFR Part 1703 Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear... the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION to the Board's proposed FOIA Fee Schedule Update published in the... update the FOIA Fee Schedule once every 12 months. Previous Fee Schedule Updates were published in...

  9. 29 CFR 1404.15 - Fees and charges of arbitrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees and charges of arbitrators. 1404.15 Section 1404.15... SERVICES Procedures for Arbitration Services § 1404.15 Fees and charges of arbitrators. (a) Fees to Parties... arbitrator's fees and expenses. Each arbitrator's biographical sketch shall include a statement of the...

  10. 19 CFR 24.22 - Fees for certain services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., the fee shall be shown as a separate item on the entry and collected at the time of delivery of the... being used, or have been used, in transporting passengers or goods. (b) Fee for arrival of certain... transports fungible goods that are not packaged in any form. (ii) Fee limitation. No fee or portion thereof...

  11. 40 CFR 166.2 - Types of exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...: specific, quarantine, public health, and crisis exemptions. (a) Specific exemption. A specific exemption... territories. (c) Public health exemption. A public health exemption may be authorized in an emergency condition to control a pest that will cause a significant risk to human health. (d) Crisis exemption....

  12. Private benefit, joint ventures, and the death of healthcare as an exempt purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colombo, J D

    2001-01-01

    The private benefit doctrine has become the IRS' main policing tool for tax exemption in healthcare. The IRS' modern interpretation of private benefit has clearly become the major limitation on exempt status. This Article begins by tracing the common law origins of this doctrine and how it became such an integral part of the IRS' analysis. Next, the author looks at policy issues regarding alternative analysis to the private benefit doctrine in cases of joint ventures between healthcare providers and for-profit investors. Finally, Professor Colombo questions the expanded use of this doctrine, arguing that in its current form it has no sound legal or policy under-pinnings.

  13. The Implications of State Fiscal Policies for Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowd, Alicia C.; Shieh, Linda Taing

    2014-01-01

    A variety of policies and practices, including those developed by local boards and administrations, as well as those mandated by state and federal governments, affect budgets and finances at community colleges. Examples include tuition policies, fee structures, performance-based funding, and personnel policies. This chapter explores some of the…

  14. 32 CFR 204.3 - Policy and procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Policy and procedures. 204.3 Section 204.3...) MISCELLANEOUS USER FEES § 204.3 Policy and procedures. (a) General. It is DoD policy not to compete unfairly... immediate or substantial gain or values (which may or may not be measurable in monetary terms) than...

  15. 9 CFR 130.10 - User fees for pet birds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false User fees for pet birds. 130.10... AGRICULTURE USER FEES USER FEES § 130.10 User fees for pet birds. (a) User fees for pet birds of U.S. origin returning to the United States, except pet birds of U.S. origin returning from Canada, are as...

  16. 40 CFR 90.906 - Manufacturer-owned exemption and precertification exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Manufacturer-owned exemption and... KILOWATTS Exclusion and Exemption of Nonroad Engines from Regulations § 90.906 Manufacturer-owned exemption and precertification exemption. (a) Any manufacturer owned nonroad engine, as defined by § 90.902,...

  17. 40 CFR 89.906 - Manufacturer-owned exemption and precertification exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Manufacturer-owned exemption and... ENGINES Exemption Provisions § 89.906 Manufacturer-owned exemption and precertification exemption. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, any manufacturer-owned nonroad engine, as defined...

  18. 5 CFR 294.109 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... INFORMATION Procedures for Disclosure of Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 294.109 Fees. (a..., when there is a reasonable belief that a requester, or a group of requesters acting in concert, is...

  19. 6 CFR 5.11 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... personnel. Where the time of managerial personnel is required, the fee will be $10.25 for each quarter hour... information for direct economic return shall not be presumed to primarily serve the public interest. (4)...

  20. 32 CFR 776.24 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...: (i) The time and labor required, the novelty and difficulty of the questions involved, and the skill... in a criminal case. (8) A division of fees between covered non-USG attorneys who are not in the...

  1. University fee should not be abolished

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢凯

    2011-01-01

    @@ University Education is a quasi-public good, which guarantees that the university fee possesses the properties of quasi-price mechanism.Equivalently, university fee is a window into the price, with the function of price mechanism, however, as far as some aspects are concerned; university charges system has about flaws and failure to coordinate with the whole market demand.Consequently, in order to improve the efficiency, the universities should make the full use of the lever effect of price mechanism on university fee system.In the condition of market economy, this paper is targeted to explore the possibilities on maintaining university fees safely enough through the investigation on rudimental research of the properties of public goods and the externalities analysis, and signaling and separating equilibrium.

  2. 32 CFR 701.45 - Fee assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... confirmed with respective finance and accounting offices. (g) After all the work is completed on a request... her willingness to pay fees as high as those anticipated. Such a notice shall offer the requester...

  3. 77 FR 35338 - Schedule of Fees Authorized

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-13

    ... the rulemaking history of 49 CFR Part 594 and the fees authorized by the Imported Vehicle Safety... consensus standards bodies, such as the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). The NTTAA directs the agency...

  4. Physician Fee Schedule Carrier Specific Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has condensed all 56 Physician Fee Schedule (PFS) carrier specific pricing files into one zip file. It is...

  5. 24 CFR 984.302 - Administrative fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 AND PUBLIC HOUSING FAMILY SELF-SUFFICIENCY PROGRAM Program Operation § 984.302... program. The administrative fees paid to PHAs for HUD-approved costs associated with operation of an FSS...

  6. 22 CFR 1102.4 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the central processing unit, input-output devices, and memory capacity of the actual computer... accrual of interest will be stayed upon receipt of the fee, rather than upon its processing by the...

  7. 49 CFR 360.3 - Filing fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... government agency” or “government entity” do not include a quasi-governmental corporation or government... applicant must show the waiver or reduction of the fee is in the best interest of the public, or...

  8. PRIA 3 Fee Determination Decision Tree

    Science.gov (United States)

    The PRIA 3 decision tree will help applicants requesting a pesticide registration or certain tolerance action to accurately identify the category of their application and the amount of the required fee before they submit the application.

  9. 5 CFR 1631.14 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Disclosure of Records Under the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. 552 § 1631.14 Fee schedule. (a) Manual... contract with private sector services to locate, reproduce, and disseminate records in response to FOIA...

  10. From traditional to modern fee systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilitewski, Bernd

    2008-12-01

    This paper deals with the environmentally important issue regarding how best to motivate citizens to reduce their individual waste production. The paper discusses the pros and cons of the various financial incentives incorporated into the waste charging mechanism, pay-as-you-throw (PAYT). Pay-as-you-throw breaks with the tradition of paying for waste services through general blanket taxes or levies in the form of flat rates in that households are required to pay individually adjusted fees in the same way as water and electricity bills are calculated on an individual consumption basis. This difference is achieved through the interplay of three principal components which mark the technical implementation of PAYT: identification as a vehicle to attain accountability, measurement of the generated waste and/or corresponding services, and unit pricing as the basis for individual charges proportional to the extent of the obtained services. However, any motivating factor for inducing citizens to dispose of their recyclable discards and residual waste must be supported by a well developed collection infrastructure, good media information and an appropriate, transparent charging policy. Of particular importance is the use of a multi-tiered charge model, i.e., the charging of a fixed minimum fee plus certain variable components payable in respect of the service structure. The introduction of a basic charge, albeit reducing the intensity of the incentives created by the PAYT system, ensures that certain fixed costs for the provision of waste services will be covered independently from the actual waste developments and, at the same time, minimises the temptation to attempt to bypass the system. Such an arrangement for the waste charges neither contradicts the principle of pay-as-you-throw nor does it impair the waste diversion for which it is implemented. Waste statistics and figures representing the waste charging situation in Germany indicate that there is a relatively good

  11. 32 CFR 37.230 - May I use a TIA if a participant is to receive fee or profit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Appropriate Use of Technology Investment Agreements § 37.230 May I use a TIA if a participant is to receive fee or profit? In accordance... this policy extends to all performers of the research project carried out under the TIA, including...

  12. 39 CFR 3003.7 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions. 3003.7 Section 3003.7 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL PRIVACY ACT RULES § 3003.7 Exemptions. The Postal Regulatory Commission has not established any exempt system of records. ...

  13. 29 CFR 2580.412-27 - Exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR... Exemptions Banking Institutions Subject to Federal Regulation § 2580.412-27 Exemption. An exemption from the... granted whereby banking institutions and trust companies specified in § 2580.412-28 are not required...

  14. 48 CFR 408.706 - Purchase exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purchase exemptions. 408... People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled 408.706 Purchase exemptions. Prior to applying to the Committee for a purchase exemption, the chief of the contracting office should provide advance notice to...

  15. 45 CFR 1705.12 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exemptions. 1705.12 Section 1705.12 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE PRIVACY REGULATIONS § 1705.12 Exemptions. No Commission records system is exempted from the provisions...

  16. 7 CFR 922.110 - Container exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Container exemption. 922.110 Section 922.110... COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON Container Exemption; Waivers of Inspection and Certification § 922.110 Container exemption. Whenever container limitations are effective pursuant to § 922.52, a handler may make...

  17. 21 CFR 1314.42 - Self-certification fee; time and method of fee payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Self-certification fee; time and method of fee payment. 1314.42 Section 1314.42 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE... any person holding a current, DEA registration in good standing as a pharmacy to dispense controlled...

  18. 32 CFR 518.20 - Collection of fees and fee rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Audiovisual documentary materials. Search costs are computed as for any other record. Duplication cost is the... the fee will be in excess of $250. (b) Search time-(1) Costs for manual searches. Type Grade Hourly... above 75 Contractor 44 (2) Computer search. Fee assessments for computer search consists of two...

  19. 77 FR 15529 - Revision of Fee Schedules; Fee Recovery for Fiscal Year 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-15

    ... an automatic email reply confirming receipt, then contact us at 301-415-1677. Fax comments to... manufacturing licenses and environmental and antitrust reviews. The annual fees assessed by the Commission began.... business economy. The purpose of this fee methodology was to lessen the financial impact on small entities...

  20. 48 CFR 719.271-7 - Reports on procurement actions that are exempted from screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reports on procurement actions that are exempted from screening. 719.271-7 Section 719.271-7 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Policies...

  1. Students with Learning Disabilities in the Foreign Language Learning Environment and the Practice of Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wight, Mary Caitlin S.

    2015-01-01

    This examination of the literature on foreign, or second, language learning by native English-speaking students with disabilities addresses the benefits of language learning, the practices and policies of language exemption, the perceptions of students and educators regarding those practices, and available resources for supporting students with…

  2. 26 CFR 301.6104(d)-3 - Tax-exempt organization subject to harassment campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... deter significantly the organization's employees or volunteers from pursuing the organization's exempt... members of the board of organization X. In the past X has opposed most of the positions and policies that... several individuals associated with X have urged the X's members and supporters, via the Internet, to...

  3. The gold contained in imported lead ore concentrate is exempted from import value-added tax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>According to the No. 14 proclamation issued by Customs Service, as from April 1st 2007, the importation of galena and the lead ore concentrate will enjoy the favorable policy intended for associated gold deposits, i.e. the value-added tax for gold component in the imported galena and lead ore concentrate is exempted,

  4. Students with Learning Disabilities in the Foreign Language Learning Environment and the Practice of Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wight, Mary Caitlin S.

    2015-01-01

    This examination of the literature on foreign, or second, language learning by native English-speaking students with disabilities addresses the benefits of language learning, the practices and policies of language exemption, the perceptions of students and educators regarding those practices, and available resources for supporting students with…

  5. 40 CFR 166.45 - Duration of crisis exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Duration of crisis exemption. 166.45... EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Crisis Exemptions § 166.45 Duration of crisis exemption. A crisis exemption may be authorized for: (a) Only as long as...

  6. 17 CFR 250.3 - Exemption of certain banks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exemption of certain banks... Exemptions § 250.3 Exemption of certain banks. (a) General exemption. Subject to the provisions of § 250.6 and to the requirements contained in paragraph (c) of this section, any bank shall be exempt from...

  7. Effects of the Coastal Park Environment Attributes on Its Admission Fee Charges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Erda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we investigate the effect of those recognized nature-and-activity-based attributes on the level of park’s admission fee charges using a panel data of 29 coastal recreation parks in Dalian city of China. A total of seven different Hedonic pricing model specifications are used in the estimating process. The results indicate that a numerous attributes have statistically significant effects (α≤ 0.10 on the level of park admission fee charges. In terms of the economic valuation, the marine sightseeing results in the highest value of Marginal Willingness to Pay (MWTP of $6.4 as its quality rank improves to a designated higher level. As expected that the park congestion has a negative effect on the MWTP (-$0.47 and overall park’s rankings have a positive effect ($0.05 on park’s MWTP. However, many recreation activities accommodated by the park sites exhibit a relatively weak effect on the park entrance fee charges. One possible reason is perhaps owing to the single admission package fee policy adopted by the park management..

  8. 40 CFR 1601.33 - Miscellaneous fee provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT Fees § 1601.33 Miscellaneous fee provisions. (a... element to be considered in determining whether a belief would be reasonable is the time period over which...

  9. 17 CFR 250.63 - Approval of reorganization fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (CONTINUED) GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 Solicitations and Reorganizations § 250.63 Approval of reorganization fees. All fees, expenses and remuneration, whether interim or...

  10. 41 CFR 51-8.12 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... rate includes the cost of operating the central processing unit (CPU), and the computer operator's... MATERIALS § 51-8.12 Fee schedule. (a) This schedule sets forth fees to be charged for processing...

  11. 37 CFR 10.37 - Division of fees among practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Office Code of Professional Responsibility § 10.37 Division of fees among practitioners. (a) A... made in proportion to the services performed and responsibility assumed by each. (3) The total fee of...

  12. Organisational culture and trust as influences over the implementation of equity-oriented policy in two South African case study hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erasmus, Ermin; Gilson, Lucy; Govender, Veloshnee; Nkosi, Moremi

    2017-09-15

    This paper uses the concepts of organisational culture and organisational trust to explore the implementation of equity-oriented policies - the Uniform Patient Fee Schedule (UPFS) and Patients' Rights Charter (PRC) - in two South African district hospitals. It contributes to the small literatures on organisational culture and trust in low- and middle-income country health systems, and broader work on health systems' people-centeredness and "software". The research entailed semi-structured interviews (Hospital A n = 115, Hospital B n = 80) with provincial, regional, district and hospital managers, as well as clinical and non-clinical hospital staff, hospital board members, and patients; observations of policy implementation, organisational functioning, staff interactions and patient-provider interactions; and structured surveys operationalising the Competing Values Framework for measuring organisational culture (Hospital A n = 155, Hospital B n = 77) and Organisational Trust Inventory (Hospital A n = 185, Hospital B n = 92) for assessing staff-manager trust. Regarding the UPFS, the hospitals' implementation approaches were similar in that both primarily understood it to be about revenue generation, granting fee exemptions was not a major focus, and considerable activity, facility management support, and provincial support was mobilised behind the UPFS. The hospitals' PRC paths diverged quite significantly, as Hospital A was more explicit in communicating and implementing the PRC, while the policy also enjoyed stronger managerial support in Hospital A than Hospital B. Beneath these experiences lie differences in how people's values, decisions and relationships influence health system functioning and in how the nature of policies, culture, trust and power dynamics can combine to create enabling or disabling micro-level implementation environments. Achieving equity in practice requires managers to take account of "unseen" but important factors such as

  13. 17 CFR 230.1001 - Exemption for transactions exempt from qualification under § 25102(n) of the California...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... exempt from qualification under § 25102(n) of the California Corporations Code. 230.1001 Section 230... Exempt Under State Law § 230.1001 Exemption for transactions exempt from qualification under § 25102(n... provisions of the Act. In such cases, registration under the Act is required. (a) Exemption. Offers and...

  14. 8 CFR 103.41 - Genealogy request fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Genealogy request fees. 103.41 Section 103...; AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS § 103.41 Genealogy request fees. (a) Genealogy search fee. See 8 CFR 103.7(b)(1). (b) Genealogy records fees. See 8 CFR 103.7(b)(1). (c) Manner of submission. When a request is submitted...

  15. 7 CFR 785.5 - Fees for mediation services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees for mediation services. 785.5 Section 785.5... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS CERTIFIED STATE MEDIATION PROGRAM § 785.5 Fees for mediation services. A requirement that non-USDA parties who elect to participate in mediation pay a fee for mediation services...

  16. 28 CFR 505.5 - Waiver of fee by Warden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Waiver of fee by Warden. 505.5 Section 505.5 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION COST OF INCARCERATION FEE § 505.5 Waiver of fee by Warden. The Warden may reduce or waive the...

  17. 24 CFR 891.815 - Mixed-finance developer's fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mixed-finance developer's fee. 891... Persons with Disabilities § 891.815 Mixed-finance developer's fee. (a) Mixed-finance developer's fee. A mixed-finance developer may include, on an up-front or deferral basis, or a combination of both, a...

  18. 48 CFR 1819.7208 - Award Fee Pilot Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Award Fee Pilot Program... Pilot Program. (a) Mentors will be eligible to earn a separate award fee associated with the provision... related to the mentor-protégé relationship. (d) The Award Fee Pilot Program is an addition to the...

  19. 76 FR 55364 - Rules for Patent Maintenance Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office Rules for Patent Maintenance Fees ACTION: Proposed collection... or after December 12, 1980. Payment of these maintenance fees is due at 3\\1/2\\, 7\\1/2\\, and 11\\1/2... maintenance fee and any applicable surcharge within a grace period of six months following each of the...

  20. 7 CFR 58.38 - Payment of fees and charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR APPROVED PLANTS AND STANDARDS FOR GRADES OF DAIRY PRODUCTS 1 Regulations Governing the Inspection and Grading Services of Manufactured or Processed Dairy Products Fees and Charges... grader, such fees and charges shall be paid in advance. (b) Fees and charges for any inspection...

  1. 26 CFR 300.7 - Enrollment of enrolled actuary fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Enrollment of enrolled actuary fee. 300.7... AND ADMINISTRATION USER FEES § 300.7 Enrollment of enrolled actuary fee. (a) Applicability. This section applies to the initial enrollment of enrolled actuaries with the Joint Board for the Enrollment...

  2. Structural equation modeling of users' response to wilderness recreation fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel R. Williams; Christine A. Vogt; Joar Vitterso

    1999-01-01

    This paper examines wilderness users' response to recently established overnight camping fees at the Desolation Wilderness in California. Fee program evaluations have typically focused on economic or revenue issues, distributional or equity impacts of various pricing strategies, and questions of price fairness. In the case of wilderness recreation fees, it is also...

  3. 26 CFR 300.3 - Offer to compromise fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... taxpayer if the offer is accepted, rejected, withdrawn, or returned as nonprocessable after acceptance for... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Offer to compromise fee. 300.3 Section 300.3... ADMINISTRATION USER FEES § 300.3 Offer to compromise fee. (a) Applicability. This section applies to...

  4. 76 FR 28194 - Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-16

    ... SAFETY BOARD 10 CFR Part 1703 Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety... (FOIA) Fee Schedule Update and solicits comments from interested organizations and individual members of... regulations, the Board's General Manager will update the FOIA Fee Schedule once every 12 months. Previous...

  5. 77 FR 32433 - Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD 10 CFR Part 1703 Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear... Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Fee Schedule Update and solicits comments from interested organizations...) of the Board's regulations, the Board's General Manager will update the FOIA Fee Schedule once...

  6. 75 FR 27228 - Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule Update

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-14

    ... SAFETY BOARD 10 CFR Part 1703 Proposed FOIA Fee Schedule Update AGENCY: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety... (FOIA) Fee Schedule Update and solicits comments from interested organizations and individual members of... regulations, the Board's General Manager will update the FOIA Fee Schedule once every 12 months. Previous...

  7. 76 FR 57681 - Modification of Interlibrary Loan Fee Schedule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-16

    ... payment through the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) network's Interlibrary Fee Management program, a... fee. The revision brings these fees up to date in order to support the current cost of providing the service and will enable customers to estimate charges more easily and distribute them more effectively...

  8. Southwest University's No-Fee Teacher-Training Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shijian; Yang, Shuhan; Li, Linyuan

    2013-01-01

    The training model for Southwest University's no-fee teacher education program has taken shape over several years. Based on a review of the documentation and interviews with administrators and no-fee preservice students from different specialties, this article analyzes Southwest University's no-fee teacher-training model in terms of three main…

  9. 13 CFR 120.1070 - Lender oversight fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Lender oversight fees. 120.1070 Section 120.1070 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION BUSINESS LOANS Risk-Based Lender Oversight Supervision § 120.1070 Lender oversight fees. Lenders are required to pay to SBA fees...

  10. 9 CFR 130.50 - Payment of user fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... incurred due to special mail handling, including, but not limited to, express, overnight, or foreign... additional amount do I pay if I receive a flat rate user fee service? In addition to the flat rate user fee(s), you pay the overtime rate listed in the following table for each employee needed to get the work done...

  11. 24 CFR 214.313 - Housing counseling fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Housing counseling fees. 214.313... HOUSING COUNSELING PROGRAM Program Administration § 214.313 Housing counseling fees. (a) Participating agencies may charge reasonable and customary fees for housing education and counseling services, as long...

  12. 40 CFR 791.39 - Fees and expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Fees and expenses. 791.39 Section 791.39 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (CONTINUED) DATA REIMBURSEMENT Hearing Procedures § 791.39 Fees and expenses. (a) Administrative fees. (1) As...

  13. 9 CFR 391.5 - Laboratory accreditation fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Laboratory accreditation fees. 391.5... AND LABORATORY ACCREDITATION § 391.5 Laboratory accreditation fees. (a) The annual fee for the initial... fiscal year 2006; $4,500.00 for fiscal year 2007; and $4,500.00 for fiscal year 2008. (b)...

  14. 75 FR 60862 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-0174] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety... decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations for 18 individuals. FMCSA has statutory authority to exempt individuals from the...

  15. 75 FR 13647 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes... exemptions from the diabetes standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from 53 individuals for exemptions from the prohibition against persons with insulin- treated...

  16. 75 FR 14652 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes... exemptions from the diabetes standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of applications from 27 individuals for exemptions from the prohibition against persons with insulin- treated diabetes...

  17. Compulsory school-entry vaccination laws and exemptions: who is opting out in ontario and why does it matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mah, Catherine L; Guttmann, Astrid; McGeer, Allison; Krahn, Murray; Deber, Raisa B

    2010-05-01

    School-entry vaccination regulations are a policy instrument that has been widely used in some jurisdictions as a mechanism to ensure high immunization coverage rates. Exemptions to school-entry vaccination, which can be allowed on medical or non-medical grounds, present a number of ethical and policy challenges. In this paper, we consider the situation in Canada, where school-entry vaccination laws are rare. We present newly available aggregate-level registry data from Ontario comparing the use of medical and non-medical immunization exemptions to school-entry vaccination and the implications for population health.

  18. 75 FR 6816 - Attorneys' Fees; Fee-Generating Cases; Use of Non-LSC Funds, Transfers of LSC Funds, Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-11

    ... retaining fees more often than they have since 1996, the provision on accounting for and use of attorneys... on attorneys' fees in LSC's FY 2010 appropriation legislation. LSC is also moving provisions on accounting for and use of attorneys' fees and acceptance of reimbursements from clients from Part 1642...

  19. 36 CFR 1258.14 - What is NARA's payment policy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is NARA's payment policy... ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC AVAILABILITY AND USE FEES § 1258.14 What is NARA's payment policy? (a) Form of payment... by selected credit cards. Payments from outside the United States must be made by international...

  20. WASTE RECYCLING POLICIES UNDER EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY: TAKE-BACK MANDATE VERSUS DEPOSIT-REFUND

    OpenAIRE

    TSUNG-HSIU TSAI; SHIH-JYE WU; HONG HWANG

    2013-01-01

    Take-back mandate and deposit-refund are the most two established waste recycling policies that are consistent with the extended producer responsibility (EPR) principle. In the take-back mandate, manufacturers have to achieve a mandatory recycling target set up by the authority. In the deposit-refund, manufacturers pay a waste disposal fee (or an output tax) to the authority, which then uses the fee to subsidize the recycling sector. This paper compares these two policies and finds that their...

  1. Understanding gendered expectations and exemptions experienced by male double-duty caregivers: a qualitative secondary analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anjos, Ana Paula; Ward-Griffin, Catherine; Leipert, Beverly

    2012-09-01

    There is growing evidence that family caregivers who are also employed face challenges in balancing the multiple demands associated with family caregiving. Health professionals who are family caregivers, defined in this study as double-duty caregivers (DDCs), are expected to use their professional knowledge in the provision of family care. The purpose of this qualitative secondary analysis was to explore how gendered expectations and exemptions affect the caregiving experiences and personal health of male nurses caring for family members. Being a male DDC created intersecting gendered expectations and exemptions. These coexisting and at times conflicting expectations and exemptions, constituted by the overarching theme of the determinants of care, directly influenced the health of male DDCs as they experienced tension when negotiating their dual role. The findings have direct implications for health-care policy and practice, research, and theory development.

  2. 50 CFR 600.745 - Scientific research activity, exempted fishing, and exempted educational activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scientific research activity, exempted...-STEVENS ACT PROVISIONS General Provisions for Domestic Fisheries § 600.745 Scientific research activity, exempted fishing, and exempted educational activity. (a) Scientific research activity. Nothing in this part...

  3. 78 FR 14034 - Health Insurance Providers Fee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 57 RIN 1545-BL20 Health Insurance Providers Fee AGENCY: Internal... covered entities engaged in the business of providing health insurance for United States health risks... regulations affect persons engaged in the business of providing health insurance for United States health...

  4. 76 FR 6702 - Private Transfer Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... Loan Banks (``Banks'')--from dealing in mortgages on properties encumbered by certain types of private transfer fee covenants and in certain related securities. Such covenants are adverse to the liquidity and....) (``Safety and Soundness Act'') and the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (12 U.S.C. 1421 through 1449) (``Bank...

  5. 75 FR 59661 - Update of Overflight Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-28

    ... proposes to adjust existing Overflight Fees by using current FAA cost accounting data and air traffic activity data. This action is necessary because operational costs for providing air traffic control and... FAA had already begun developing a new Cost Accounting System (CAS) in 1996. Early data from the...

  6. 77 FR 30542 - Air Cargo Screening Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-23

    ... Security Identification Display Area (SIDA) IDs. Another commenter requested that if TSA intends to limit... obtain SIDA IDs were not included in the fee models for this rulemaking because STAs for holders of SIDA... appreciated TSA's recognition that the STAs performed under the SIDA, Commercial Driver's License-Hazardous...

  7. 30 CFR 870.12 - Reclamation fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... weight. (ii) Operators selling coal on a clean coal basis shall retain records that show run-of-mine tonnage, and the basis for the clean coal transaction. (iii) Insufficient records shall subject the... LAND RECLAMATION ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND-FEE COLLECTION AND COAL PRODUCTION REPORTING §...

  8. 7 CFR 28.956 - Prescribed fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prescribed fees. 28.956 Section 28.956 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... continental United States 135.00 1.1High Volume Instrument (HVI) System Check Level. Furnishing two...

  9. 5 CFR 1820.7 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... resources in this decision making process, however, in deciding to grant waivers or reductions of fees. ...) “Duplication” means the process of making of a copy of a record, or of the information contained in it... disseminators of “news”) who make their products available for purchase or subscription by the general public...

  10. 32 CFR 204.5 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... new cost accounting systems shall not be established solely for this purpose. (4) “Market price” means... that there will be neither a shortage nor a surplus (e.g., campsites in remote areas). (5) Fees... provided in Volume 11A, Chapter 1, paragraph 010203.I of DoD 7000.14-R. The current interest rate in...

  11. The free-to-fee transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kammer, Aske; Boeck, Morten; Hansen, Jakob Vikær;

    2015-01-01

    groups to examine audiences’ attitudes toward paying for online news. The analysis suggests that audiences’ general principles regarding paying for online news influence their willingness to pay more than the size of the subscription fee. Furthermore, the analysis shows that younger audiences...

  12. 41 CFR 105-70.025 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fees. 105-70.025 Section 105-70.025 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General Services Administration...

  13. 36 CFR 251.57 - Rental fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 251.57 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAND USES Special... business management principles. (2) Where annual fees of one hundred dollars ($100) or less are assessed... revenue from the authorized use is customer charges; or (2) The holder is a nonprofit association...

  14. User Fees II: The Library Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Marilyn Killebrew

    1979-01-01

    Examines the role of the library in contemporary society and discusses the various options available for their fiscal support in the future. The use of user fees to finance selected services--to expand some and improve others--is advocated only as a supplement to support from general tax revenue. (Author/JVP)

  15. User Fees I: The Economic Argument.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gell, Marilyn Killebrew

    1979-01-01

    Reviews current methods of public library financing through governmental support at the local, state, and federal level. The imposition of user fees is proposed as a method of preserving equity; i.e., individuals receiving the benefits would bear the costs. (JVP)

  16. 28 CFR 701.18 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... public or private elementary or secondary school, an institution of graduate higher education, and... request into a series of requests for the purpose of evading the assessment of fees, the Office may... information-dissemination activity on a self-sustaining basis to the extent possible; or (iv) Return...

  17. 49 CFR 1002.2 - Filing fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... this section the phrases “federal government agency” or “government entity” do not include a quasi-governmental corporation or government subsidized transportation company. (2) In extraordinary situations the... must show the waiver or reduction of the fee is in the best interest of the public, or that payment...

  18. 45 CFR 1701.4 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 1701.4 Section 1701.4 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LIBRARIES AND INFORMATION SCIENCE... public interest because furnishing the information can be considered as primarily benefiting the general...

  19. 29 CFR 4901.32 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... this section. (b) Charges for duplication of records. Charges applicable under this subpart for... of duplication. (c) Other charges. The scheduled fees, set forth in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, for furnishing records made available for inspection and duplication represent the direct...

  20. 28 CFR 802.10 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Judicial Administration COURT SERVICES AND OFFENDER SUPERVISION AGENCY FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA... individual academic research or study requirements. (3) Requesters who are representatives of the news media... the records, provided such waiver or reduction has been requested in writing. Fees shall be waived or...

  1. 24 CFR 3500.12 - No fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false No fee. 3500.12 Section 3500.12 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN...

  2. Physician Fee Schedule National Payment Amount File

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The significant size of the Physician Fee Schedule Payment Amount File-National requires that database programs (e.g., Access, dBase, FoxPro, etc.) be used to read...

  3. 36 CFR 902.82 - Fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... examples are not intended to be all-inclusive. Moreover, as traditional methods of news delivery evolve (e.g., electronic dissemination of newspapers through telecommunications services), such alternative... for the purpose of evading the assessment of fees, the Corporation may aggregate any such requests...

  4. 76 FR 43960 - NARA Records Reproduction Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... releases, and through NARA's social media outlets. (2) New records reproduction services fees have an... releases, and through NARA's social media outlets. Sec. 1258.12 When does NARA provide records..., commercial printing, advertising, and printing of forms). (5) Consulting and other services (includes, but...

  5. The Crowding-Out Effects of Garbage Fees and Voluntary Source Separation Programs on Waste Reduction: Evidence from China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongyun Han

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines how and to what degree government policies of garbage fees and voluntary source separation programs, with free indoor containers and garbage bags, can affect the effectiveness of municipal solid waste (MSW management, in the sense of achieving a desirable reduction of per capita MSW generation. Based on city-level panel data for years 1998–2012 in China, our empirical analysis indicates that per capita MSW generated is increasing with per capita disposable income, average household size, education levels of households, and the lagged per capita MSW. While both garbage fees and source separation programs have separately led to reductions in per capita waste generation, the interaction of the two policies has resulted in an increase in per capita waste generation due to the following crowding-out effects: Firstly, the positive effect of income dominates the negative effect of the garbage fee. Secondly, there are crowding-out effects of mandatory charging system and the subsidized voluntary source separation on per capita MSW generation. Thirdly, small subsidies and tax punishments have reduced the intrinsic motivation for voluntary source separation of MSW. Thus, compatible fee charging system, higher levels of subsidies, and well-designed public information and education campaigns are required to promote household waste source separation and reduction.

  6. Do client fees help or hurt?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, B

    1998-01-01

    This article discusses the impact of client fees for family planning (FP) services on cost recovery and level of user services in developing countries. The UN Population Fund reports that developing country governments currently pay 75% of the costs of FP programs. Donors contribute 15%, and clients pay 10%. Current pressures are on FP services to broaden and improve their scope, while user demand is increasing. Program managers should consider the program's need for funds and the clients' willingness to pay. Clients are willing to pay about 1% of their income for contraception. A study of sterilization acceptance in Mexico finds that the average monthly case load declined by 10% after the 1st price increase from $43 to $55 and declined by 58% after the 2nd price increase to $60. Fewer low-income clients requested sterilization. A CEMOPLAF study in Ecuador finds that in three price increase situations the number of clients seeking services declined, but the economic mix of clients remained about the same. The decline was 20% in the group with a 20% price increase and 26% in the 40% increase group. In setting fees, the first need is to determine unit costs. The Futures Group International recommends considering political, regulatory, and institutional constraints for charging fees; priorities for revenue use; protection for poor clients; and monitoring of money collection and expenditure. Management Sciences for Health emphasizes consideration of the reasons for collection of fees, client affordability, and client perception of quality issues. Sliding scales can be used to protect poor clients. Charging fees for laboratory services can subsidize poor clients. A Bangladesh program operated a restaurant and catering service in order to subsidize FP services. Colombia's PROFAMILIA sells medical and surgical services and a social marketing program in order to expand clinics.

  7. 42 CFR 440.315 - Exempt individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS SERVICES: GENERAL PROVISIONS Benchmark Benefit and Benchmark-Equivalent... exempt from mandatory enrollment in benchmark or benchmark-equivalent coverage. (a) The individual is...

  8. 48 CFR 216.405-2 - Cost-plus-award-fee contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-plus-award-fee... Contracts 216.405-2 Cost-plus-award-fee contracts. (b) Application. The cost-plus-award-fee (CPAF) contract... avoid— (1) Establishing cost-plus-fixed-fee contracts when the criteria for cost-plus-fixed-fee...

  9. Optimal vaccination choice, vaccination games, and rational exemption: an appraisal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manfredi, Piero; Posta, Pompeo Della; d'Onofrio, Alberto; Salinelli, Ernesto; Centrone, Francesca; Meo, Claudia; Poletti, Piero

    2009-12-10

    A threat for vaccination policies might be the onset of "rational" exemption, i.e. the family's decision not to vaccinate children after a seemingly rational comparison between the perceived risk of infection and the perceived risk of vaccine side effects. We study the implications of rational exemption by models of vaccination choice. By a simple model of individual choice we first prove the "elimination impossible" result in presence of informed families, i.e. aware of herd immunity, and suggest that limited information might explain patterns of universal vaccination. Next, we investigate vaccination choice in a game-theoretic framework for communities stratified into two groups, "pro" and "anti" vaccinators, having widely different perceived costs of infection and of vaccine side effects. We show that under informed families neither a Nash nor a Stackelberg behaviour (characterized, respectively, by players acting simultaneously and by an asymmetric situation with a "leader" and a "follower) allow elimination, unless "pro-vaccinators" assign no costs to vaccine side effects. Elimination turns out to be possible when cooperation is encouraged by a social planner, provided, however, he incorporates in the "social loss function" the preferences of anti-vaccinators only. This allows an interpretation of the current Italian vaccination policy.

  10. 75 FR 1453 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-11

    ...-2007-27897; FMCSA- 2007-28695; FMCSA-2007-29019] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision.... SUMMARY: FMCSA previously announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in... exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the exemptions granted will not compromise safety....

  11. 40 CFR 166.49 - Public notice of crisis exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Public notice of crisis exemptions... PROGRAMS EXEMPTION OF FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCIES FOR USE OF PESTICIDES UNDER EMERGENCY CONDITIONS Crisis Exemptions § 166.49 Public notice of crisis exemptions. (a) Periodic notices. At least quarterly,...

  12. 28 CFR 16.84 - Exemption of Immigration Appeals System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption of Immigration Appeals System... MATERIAL OR INFORMATION Exemption of Records Systems Under the Privacy Act § 16.84 Exemption of Immigration...) Decisions of the Board of Immigration Appeals (JUSTICE/BIA-001). This exemption applies only to the...

  13. 40 CFR 66.35 - Revocation of exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Revocation of exemptions. 66.35... (CONTINUED) ASSESSMENT AND COLLECTION OF NONCOMPLIANCE PENALTIES BY EPA Exemption Requests; Revocation of Exemptions § 66.35 Revocation of exemptions. (a) The Administrator may upon notice and opportunity for...

  14. 76 FR 8809 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-15

    ...-2008-0231; FMCSA-2008-0340; FMCSA-2008-0266] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision...; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision... to exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the exemptions granted will not...

  15. 7 CFR 301.80-2b - Exempted articles. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exempted articles. 1 301.80-2b Section 301.80-2b....80-2b Exempted articles. 1 1 The articles hereby exempted remain subject to applicable restrictions under other quarantines. (a) The following articles are exempt from the certification and permit...

  16. 41 CFR 105-50.305 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions. 105-50.305 Section 105-50.305 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System... UNITS OF GOVERNMENT 50.3-Principles Governing Reimbursements to GSA § 105-50.305 Exemptions. (a)...

  17. Reasons Parents Exempt Children from Receiving Immunizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luthy, Karlen E.; Beckstrand, Renea L.; Callister, Lynn C.; Cahoon, Spencer

    2012-01-01

    School nurses are on the front lines of educational efforts to promote childhood vaccinations. However, some parents still choose to exempt their children from receiving vaccinations for personal reasons. Studying the beliefs of parents who exempt vaccinations allows health care workers, including school nurses, to better understand parental…

  18. 29 CFR 570.72 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions. 570.72 Section 570.72 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR... the Employment of Children Below the Age of 16 § 570.72 Exemptions. (a) Student-learners. The...

  19. 12 CFR 604.420 - Exemptive provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemptive provisions. 604.420 Section 604.420 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION BOARD... Farm Credit Administration; (c) Disclose matters specifically exempted from disclosure by...

  20. 7 CFR 1280.406 - Exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Exemption to each person to whom the producer sells ovine animals or lamb and lamb products. The Certificate of Exemption must accompany the ovine animals through the production chain to the person responsible... conventional sales include lack of demand for organic products, isolated use of antibiotics for humane...

  1. 47 CFR 15.103 - Exempted devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exempted devices. 15.103 Section 15.103 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Unintentional Radiators § 15.103 Exempted devices. The following devices are subject only to the general conditions of operation in §§...

  2. 40 CFR 87.7 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM AIRCRAFT AND AIRCRAFT ENGINES General Provisions § 87.7 Exemptions. (a) Exemptions based on... among all economically competing parties. (4) Public health and welfare effects. (5) Other factors...

  3. 14 CFR 34.7 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... EXHAUST EMISSION REQUIREMENTS FOR TURBINE ENGINE POWERED AIRPLANES General Provisions § 34.7 Exemptions... durations at infrequent intervals. The emission standards of this part do not apply to engines which power... determination shall be made before the flight takes place. (b) Exemptions for very low production engine...

  4. 45 CFR 705.13 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... used only to generate aggregate data or for other evaluative or analytical purposes and that are not.... 552a(k)(2). The reasons for possibly asserting the exemptions are to prevent subjects of investigation... exemptions are to prevent subjects of investigation from frustrating the investigatory process, to...

  5. 32 CFR 701.113 - PA exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... access to their records. (ii) “(j)(2)”—this exemption protects criminal law enforcement records... performs, as one of its principal functions, the enforcement of criminal laws. For example, the Naval Criminal Investigative Service and military police activities qualify for this exemption. Criminal...

  6. 16 CFR 444.5 - State exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State exemptions. 444.5 Section 444.5 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION TRADE REGULATION RULES CREDIT PRACTICES § 444.5 State exemptions. (a) If, upon application to the Federal Trade Commission by an appropriate State agency,...

  7. 7 CFR 985.58 - Exempt oil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exempt oil. 985.58 Section 985.58 Agriculture... HANDLING OF SPEARMINT OIL PRODUCED IN THE FAR WEST Order Regulating Handling Volume Limitations § 985.58 Exempt oil. Oil held by a producer or handler on the effective date of this subpart shall not...

  8. 40 CFR 211.110 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions. 211.110 Section 211.110 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS PRODUCT NOISE LABELING General Provisions § 211.110 Exemptions....

  9. 32 CFR 324.7 - Exemption rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... exemption rule, claimed by the Defense Finance and Accounting Service under authority of 5 U.S.C. 552a(k)(1... for classified records. Any record in a system of records maintained by the Defense Finance and Accounting Service which falls within the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552a(k)(1) may be exempt from the...

  10. 50 CFR 17.7 - Raptor exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Raptor exemption. 17.7 Section 17.7....7 Raptor exemption. (a) The prohibitions found in §§ 17.21 and 17.31 do not apply to any raptor... the progeny of such a raptor. (b) This section does not apply to any raptor intentionally returned...

  11. Reasons Parents Exempt Children from Receiving Immunizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luthy, Karlen E.; Beckstrand, Renea L.; Callister, Lynn C.; Cahoon, Spencer

    2012-01-01

    School nurses are on the front lines of educational efforts to promote childhood vaccinations. However, some parents still choose to exempt their children from receiving vaccinations for personal reasons. Studying the beliefs of parents who exempt vaccinations allows health care workers, including school nurses, to better understand parental…

  12. 48 CFR 2804.506 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Exemptions. 2804.506 Section 2804.506 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE General ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Electronic Commerce in Contracting 2804.506 Exemptions. Pursuant to FAR 4.506(b),...

  13. Turn your fee schedule into a valuable management tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyce, Michael C

    2003-01-01

    This article describes a method of performing a fee schedule analysis that will give you some important management information and tools. By using the methodology described in this article to set your fees, you will confirm that your fees are sufficient, assess your cash flow position, determine the approximate value of your accounts receivable, and estimate the collectible amounts of any new services being considered.

  14. Auditing Fee Determinants for Different Industries in Shanghai Stock Exchange

    OpenAIRE

    lin, shangyi

    2011-01-01

    Since 2001, China's Securities Regulatory Commission began to require every public company to disclose auditing fee in Chinese stock exchange. This research use auditing fee in Shanghai stock exchange to find determinants for auditing fee in different industries of Shanghai stock exchange. In this research, I find determinates in different industries. Previous researchers only used one or two year data of stock market. Owing to accuracy of results, I will use five year of data of Shanghai...

  15. 36 CFR 51.78 - Will a concession contract require a franchise fee and will the franchise fee be subject to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... require a franchise fee and will the franchise fee be subject to adjustment? 51.78 Section 51.78 Parks... Concession Contract Provisions § 51.78 Will a concession contract require a franchise fee and will the franchise fee be subject to adjustment? (a) Concession contracts will provide for payment to the...

  16. GENERIC DRUG USER FEE: AN OVERVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darshit S. Patel*, Abhishek R. Patel and Narendra A. Patel

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The globalization of generic drug manufacturing, supply and testing, and a growing workload that has far outpaced USFDA’s resources has created new challenges. USFDA & Industry propose generic drug user fee to address the need for globalization of the inspection process, and to speed the timely review of generic product applications. The Generic Drug User Fee (GDUF proposal is agreed by generic industry & USFDA and is focused on three key aims: safety, access, and transparency. Under the program, USFDA will receive nearly $1.5 billion over five years in supplemental funding through generic industry user fees in order to help the agency expedite access to generic drugs, enhance drug quality and safety and ensure inspection parity of both foreign and domestic manufacturing sites. GDUF also will help accelerate the market entry of additional manufacturers of drugs currently in short supply and improve quality, consistency, and availability within the supply chain, further helping to mitigate drug shortages. The GDUF new legislation is a milestone for the generic giants and a major win for American health care consumers.

  17. Payments and Central Bank Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Søren

    This thesis consists of three chapters. The rst, "Paying for Payments", examines the role of interchange fees in payment card networks. The second, "Bank Liquidity and the Interbank Market" (co-authored with Mikael Reimer Jensen), investigates how banks' liquidity holdings at the central bank a ect...... outcomes in the money market. The third, "Collateralized Lending and Central Bank Collateral Policy", considers the emergence of credit constraints under collateralized lending, and how central banks use collateral policy to mitigate these constraints. While the chapters can be read independently......, they share common themes. Each chapter is concerned with payments in one way or another, each is concerned with the e ciency of market outcomes, and, to the extent that there is scope for improving these outcomes, each discusses the appropriate role for policy, in particular central bank policy....

  18. Payments and Central Bank Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Søren

    This thesis consists of three chapters. The rst, "Paying for Payments", examines the role of interchange fees in payment card networks. The second, "Bank Liquidity and the Interbank Market" (co-authored with Mikael Reimer Jensen), investigates how banks' liquidity holdings at the central bank a ect...... outcomes in the money market. The third, "Collateralized Lending and Central Bank Collateral Policy", considers the emergence of credit constraints under collateralized lending, and how central banks use collateral policy to mitigate these constraints. While the chapters can be read independently......, they share common themes. Each chapter is concerned with payments in one way or another, each is concerned with the e ciency of market outcomes, and, to the extent that there is scope for improving these outcomes, each discusses the appropriate role for policy, in particular central bank policy....

  19. 7 CFR 205.642 - Fees and other charges for certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Administrative Fees § 205.642 Fees...

  20. An implementation evaluation of a policy aiming to improve financial access to maternal health care in Djibo district, Burkina Faso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belaid Loubna

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To bring down its high maternal mortality ratio, Burkina Faso adopted a national health policy in 2007 that designed to boost the assisted delivery rate and improving quality of emergency obstetrical and neonatal care. The cost of transportation from health centres to district hospitals is paid by the policy. The worst-off are exempted from all fees. Methods The objectives of this paper are to analyze perceptions of this policy by health workers, assess how this health policy was implemented at the district level, identify difficulties faced during implementation, and highlight interactional factors that have an influence on the implementation process. A multiple site case study was conducted at 6 health centres in the district of Djibo in Burkina Faso. The following sources of data were used: 1 district documents (n = 23; 2 key interviews with district health managers (n = 10, health workers (n = 16, traditional birth attendants (n = 7, and community management committees (n = 11; 3 non-participant observations in health centres; 4 focus groups in communities (n = 62; 5 a feedback session on the findings with 20 health staff members. Results All the activities were implemented as planned except for completely subsidizing the worst-off, and some activities such as surveys for patients and the quality assurance service team aiming to improve quality of care. District health managers and health workers perceived difficulties in implementing this policy because of the lack of clarity on some topics in the guidelines. Entering the data into an electronic database and the long delay in reimbursing transportation costs were the principal challenges perceived by implementers. Interactional factors such as relations between providers and patients and between health workers and communities were raised. These factors have an influence on the implementation process. Strained relations between the groups involved

  1. 78 FR 71498 - Copyright Office Fees: Cable and Satellite Statement of Account Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-29

    ... of these determinations, the Office conducted another cost study using an alternative activity-based... not intend for the Office to establish waivers for STELA-based fees. Notably, the Office does not... SA3 form for cable systems with 400,000 or fewer subscribers that would face a financial hardship if...

  2. 78 FR 14879 - Revision of Fee Schedules; Fee Recovery for Fiscal Year 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-07

    ...: Categorical Exclusion. VIII. Paperwork Reduction Act Statement. IX. Regulatory Analysis. X. Regulatory... the costs of uncontested hearings and of administrative and technical support services in the fee... regulatory activity. The matrix includes 10 types of regulatory activities, including enrichment and scrap...

  3. 78 FR 18601 - Respirator Certification Fees; Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Respirator Certification Fees; Public Meeting... stakeholders to present information the impact of an increase on respirator fees on individual respirator manufacturers, the respirator market, or on those industries that rely on NIOSH approved respiratory...

  4. 25 CFR 152.4 - Application for patent in fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application for patent in fee. 152.4 Section 152.4 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER ISSUANCE OF PATENTS IN FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Issuing Patents in...

  5. 25 CFR 152.5 - Issuance of patent in fee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Issuance of patent in fee. 152.5 Section 152.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER ISSUANCE OF PATENTS IN FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Issuing Patents in...

  6. 12 CFR 1402.21 - Categories of requesters-fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... operating the central processing unit and the operator's hourly salary plus 16 percent of that rate. When... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Categories of requesters-fees. 1402.21 Section 1402.21 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION RELEASING INFORMATION Fees...

  7. 12 CFR 1402.22 - Fees to be charged.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the cost of operating the central processing unit for that portion of operating time that is directly... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees to be charged. 1402.22 Section 1402.22 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT SYSTEM INSURANCE CORPORATION RELEASING INFORMATION Fees for Provision...

  8. 49 CFR 1540.209 - Fees for security threat assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... current cost of conducting security threat assessments. TSA determines fee amounts and any necessary revisions to the fee amounts based on current costs, using a method of analysis consistent with widely accepted accounting principles and practices, and calculated in accordance with the provisions of 31...

  9. 76 FR 43112 - Update of August 2001 Overflight Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... Overflight Fees using more current FAA cost accounting data and air traffic activity data. Overflight Fees... 1999 cost accounting and activity data. This action is necessary because operational costs have... based. The FAA had already begun developing a new Cost Accounting System (CAS) in 1996. Early data...

  10. 78 FR 51728 - Fees for Sanitation Inspections of Cruise Ships

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... Prevention. Appendix A Size/Cost Factors Used to Determine Inspection Fees Impacts Approximate Vessel size... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Fees for Sanitation Inspections of Cruise Ships AGENCY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of Health and Human Services...

  11. 19 CFR 111.35 - Acceptance of fees from attorneys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS BROKERS Duties and Responsibilities of Customs Brokers § 111.35 Acceptance of fees from attorneys. With respect to customs transactions, a broker must not demand or accept from any... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Acceptance of fees from attorneys. 111.35...

  12. 31 CFR 270.4 - Fees for services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....4 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS § 270.4 Fees for services. Fees for services performed by the Financial Management Service will be imposed and collected as set...

  13. 76 FR 79198 - Generic Drug User Fee; Public Meeting; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Generic Drug User Fee; Public Meeting; Correction AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice; correction. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug... (76 FR 76738). The document announced a public meeting entitled ``Generic Drug User Fee.''...

  14. 76 FR 1626 - Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2011 AGENCY: Customs and... provides notice to customs brokers that the annual fee of $138 that is assessed for each permit held by a..., 2011. Customs and Border Protection announces this date of payment for 2011 in accordance with the...

  15. 19 CFR 24.12 - Customs fees; charges for storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Customs fees; charges for storage. 24.12 Section 24.12 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS FINANCIAL AND ACCOUNTING PROCEDURE § 24.12 Customs fees; charges for...

  16. 76 FR 65741 - Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2012 AGENCY: Customs and Border... to customs brokers that the annual fee of $138 that is assessed for each permit held by a broker.... Customs and Border Protection announces this date of payment for 2012 in accordance with the Tax...

  17. 77 FR 74201 - Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2013 AGENCY: U.S. Customs... provides notice to customs brokers that the annual fee of $138 that is assessed for each permit held by a..., 2013. U.S. Customs and Border Protection announces this date of payment for 2013 in accordance with...

  18. 78 FR 77140 - Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Customs Brokers User Fee Payment for 2014 AGENCY: U.S. Customs... provides notice to customs brokers that the annual fee of $138 that is assessed for each permit held by a..., 2014. U.S. Customs and Border Protection announces this date of payment for 2014 in accordance with...

  19. 14 CFR 1206.700 - Schedule of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... copies include the time spent in duplicating the documents. For copies of computer disks, still photographs, blueprints, videotapes, engineering drawings, hard copies of aperture cards, etc., the fee.... Neither the FOIA nor its fee structure cover these kinds of services. To the extent that NASA elects to...

  20. 7 CFR 27.80 - Fees; classification, Micronaire, and supervision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees; classification, Micronaire, and supervision. 27... Classification and Micronaire § 27.80 Fees; classification, Micronaire, and supervision. For services rendered by... classification and Micronaire determination results certified on cotton class certificates.) (e) Supervision,...

  1. 12 CFR 611.1250 - Preliminary exit fee estimate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) You have taken any other actions unrelated to your core business that have the effect of changing the... services, studies, auditing, business planning, equity holder meetings, and application fees for the..., studies, auditing, business planning, equity holder meetings, and application fees for the termination and...

  2. 36 CFR 327.31 - Shoreline management fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Shoreline management fee... THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS § 327.31 Shoreline management fee schedule. A charge will be made for Shoreline... permits for vegetative modification on Shoreline areas. In all cases the total administrative charge...

  3. 75 FR 75170 - APHIS User Fee Web Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-02

    ... to submit comments or questions to APHIS on either the Web page itself (e.g., ease of use, content... to sign up to receive notifications when changes are made to the user fee Web page. Done in... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service APHIS User Fee Web Site AGENCY: Animal and Plant...

  4. Biospecimen User Fees: Global Feedback on a Calculator Tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matzke, Lise A M; Babinszky, Sindy; Slotty, Alex; Meredith, Anna; Castillo-Pelayo, Tania; Henderson, Marianne K; Simeon-Dubach, Daniel; Schacter, Brent; Watson, Peter H

    2017-02-01

    The notion of attributing user fees to researchers for biospecimens provided by biobanks has been discussed frequently in the literature. However, the considerations around how to attribute the cost for these biospecimens and data have, until recently, not been well described. Common across most biobank disciplines are similar factors that influence user fees such as capital and operating costs, internal and external demand, and market competition. A biospecimen user fee calculator tool developed by CTRNet, a tumor biobank network, was published in 2014 and is accessible online at www.biobanking.org . The next year a survey was launched that tested the applicability of this user fee tool among a global health research biobank user base, including both cancer and noncancer biobanking. Participants were first asked to estimate user fee pricing for three hypothetical user scenarios based on their biobanking experience (estimated pricing) and then to calculate fees for the same scenarios using the calculator tool (calculated pricing). Results demonstrated variation in estimated pricing that was reduced by calculated pricing. These results are similar to those found in a similar previous study restricted to a group of Canadian tumor biobanks. We conclude that the use of a biospecimen user fee calculator contributes to reduced variation of user fees and for biobank groups (e.g., biobank networks), could become an important part of a harmonization strategy.

  5. 20 CFR 501.9 - Representation; appearances and fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Representation; appearances and fees. 501.9 Section 501.9 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION APPEALS BOARD, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR RULES OF PROCEDURE § 501.9 Representation; appearances and fees. (a) Representation. In any proceeding before the...

  6. 12 CFR 404.16 - Schedule of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Privacy Act of 1974 § 404.16 Schedule of fees. (a) Search and review. Ex-Im Bank shall not charge for search and review. (b) Duplication. Ex-Im Bank shall charge $.10 per page for paper copy duplication. Ex... printouts, or for other methods of reproduction or duplication. (c) Minimum fee. Ex-Im Bank shall...

  7. 14 CFR 49.15 - Fees for recording.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... engine or propeller 5.00 (3) Conveyance, made for security purposes, of aircraft engines, propellers... Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT RECORDING OF AIRCRAFT TITLES AND SECURITY DOCUMENTS General § 49.15 Fees for recording. (a) The fees charged...

  8. 75 FR 48672 - Pesticides; Revised Fee Schedule for Registration Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-11

    .... Fee Schedule and Decision Review Times In today's notice, EPA has retained the format of previous... amendments submitted by notification under PR Notices, such as PR Notice 95-2 and PR Notice 98-10, continue under PR Notice timelines and are not subject to PRIA fees. B. Antimicrobials Division...

  9. 47 CFR 15.714 - TV bands database administration fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false TV bands database administration fees. 15.714 Section 15.714 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Television Band Devices § 15.714 TV bands database administration fees. (a) A TV bands database...

  10. 5 CFR 2100.6 - Schedule of fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Schedule of fees. 2100.6 Section 2100.6 Administrative Personnel ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT HOME PRIVACY ACT PROCEDURES § 2100... production of the copies is in the interest of the Government. (c) Fee Schedule and method of payment....

  11. Welfare as Maternity Leave? Exemptions from Welfare Work Requirements and Maternal Employment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Heather D

    2012-03-01

    In some states, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program offers the equivalent of paid maternity leave without job protection to low-income, single mothers of infants. Age-of-youngest-child (AYC) exemptions waive work requirements for TANF recipients after the birth of a child, generally for 3-12 months, depending on the state. This study uses data from the Current Population Survey (1998-2008) to examine whether the availability and length of AYC exemptions are predictive of rates of employment, work, and full-time work among low-educated single mothers with infants. The analysis uses the difference-in-differences (DD) technique, a comparison of outcomes under different policy treatments and between treatment and comparison groups. The results suggest that AYC exemptions are not related to employment or work rates but that living in a state with no AYC exemption is strongly and positively associated with rates of full-time work among low-educated mothers with infants.

  12. The advantages of cost plus award fee contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keathley, William C.

    1994-01-01

    A Cost Plus Award Fee contract is the best procurement vehicle for the high-tech, one-of-a-kind, development projects that constitute most of NASA'S projects. The use of this type of contract requires more government and contractor effort than any other forms of contracts. An award fee contract is described as an arrangement whereby the government periodically awards a fee consistent with the cost, schedule and technical performance that is achieved by a contractor during a preset period with preset award fee pools. It's the only contracting method where both the government and contractor goals are closely linked. It also has a built-in mechanism to conveniently alter and emphasize program events in order to current external and internal situations. The award fee process also demands good communication between government and contractor participants.

  13. The system of environmental fees in Poland

    OpenAIRE

    Mariusz Rogulski

    2014-01-01

    This article concerns the system of charges for use of the environment in Poland. It sets out the definition of “entity using the environment” and the most important types of reports and the resulting fees, that are required to provide by entities using the environment. The article presents a brief analysis of the revenues raised and it discusses some of the main problems in the functioning of the system – both from the government and entities obligated to pay them. It discusses, among others...

  14. A practical tool for modeling biospecimen user fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matzke, Lise; Dee, Simon; Bartlett, John; Damaraju, Sambasivarao; Graham, Kathryn; Johnston, Randal; Mes-Masson, Anne-Marie; Murphy, Leigh; Shepherd, Lois; Schacter, Brent; Watson, Peter H

    2014-08-01

    The question of how best to attribute the unit costs of the annotated biospecimen product that is provided to a research user is a common issue for many biobanks. Some of the factors influencing user fees are capital and operating costs, internal and external demand and market competition, and moral standards that dictate that fees must have an ethical basis. It is therefore important to establish a transparent and accurate costing tool that can be utilized by biobanks and aid them in establishing biospecimen user fees. To address this issue, we built a biospecimen user fee calculator tool, accessible online at www.biobanking.org . The tool was built to allow input of: i) annual operating and capital costs; ii) costs categorized by the major core biobanking operations; iii) specimen products requested by a biobank user; and iv) services provided by the biobank beyond core operations (e.g., histology, tissue micro-array); as well as v) several user defined variables to allow the calculator to be adapted to different biobank operational designs. To establish default values for variables within the calculator, we first surveyed the members of the Canadian Tumour Repository Network (CTRNet) management committee. We then enrolled four different participants from CTRNet biobanks to test the hypothesis that the calculator tool could change approaches to user fees. Participants were first asked to estimate user fee pricing for three hypothetical user scenarios based on their biobanking experience (estimated pricing) and then to calculate fees for the same scenarios using the calculator tool (calculated pricing). Results demonstrated significant variation in estimated pricing that was reduced by calculated pricing, and that higher user fees are consistently derived when using the calculator. We conclude that adoption of this online calculator for user fee determination is an important first step towards harmonization and realistic user fees.

  15. 78 FR 3900 - Generic Drug User Fee-Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient and Finished Dosage Form Facility Fee...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-17

    ... drug active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) and finished dosage form (FDF) facilities user fees for... applications in the backlog as of October 1, 2012, on finished dosage form (FDF) and active pharmaceutical... Finished Dosage Form Facility Fee Rates for Fiscal Year 2013 AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration,...

  16. Evaluating the U.S. Policy of Using Private Lawsuits to Remedy Employment Discrimination

    OpenAIRE

    Oppenheimer, David Benjamin

    2017-01-01

    The primary mechanism for addressing employment discrimination in the United States is complaint-based, through private law suits seeking tort-like damages awards. No other nation relies so heavily on a private bar of employment discrimination lawyers, relying on fee-shifting statutes and contingent fees, to enforce its civil rights policies. This paper relies on US census data and empirical studies of discrimination litigation to argue that the mechanism is ineffective in addressing the prob...

  17. 12 CFR 226.29 - State exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Federal law; and (2) There is adequate provision for enforcement. (b) Civil liability. (1) No exemptions granted under this section shall extend to the civil liability provisions of sections 130 and 131 of...

  18. 46 CFR 176.920 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CERTIFICATION International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974, as Amended (SOLAS) § 176.920 Exemptions... (Construction—Fire Protection, Fire Detection and Fire Extinction) Regulation 1, and Chapter III (Life...

  19. 40 CFR 92.804 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM LOCOMOTIVES AND LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES Importation of Nonconforming Locomotives and Locomotive..., and that enter the United States temporarily from Canada or Mexico are exempt from the...

  20. Spheres of Exemption, Figures of Exclusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    , the history of ideas, social science, political science and literature studies, Spheres of Exemption, Figures of Exclusion offers thirteen investigations into the co-constitutive relationship between subjectivity and political and legal order, combining theoretical reflection with empirical and historical...

  1. 32 CFR 322.6 - Establishing exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...; subjects of an investigation of an actual or potential criminal or civil violation will not be alerted to...) (k)(4) exemption. Records maintained solely for statistical research or program evaluation...

  2. 7 CFR 932.55 - Exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulating Handling Regulations § 932.55 Exemption. (a) The provisions of this subpart shall not be... such types of shipments, or for such specified purposes (including shipments to facilitate the...

  3. 77 FR 18742 - Copyright Office Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    ... government, including the responsibility to set sound monetary policies and develop a budget derived... in a single work that is not a work made for hire, for the policy reasons discussed below and after... policy dictate the recovery of less than the direct cost of providing the service. This approach is...

  4. 48 CFR 3.405 - Misrepresentations or violations of the Covenant Against Contingent Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Misrepresentations or... INTEREST Contingent Fees 3.405 Misrepresentations or violations of the Covenant Against Contingent Fees. (a..., misrepresentation of a contingent fee arrangement, or other violation of the Covenant Against Contingent Fees shall...

  5. 76 FR 45814 - Animal Generic Drug User Fee Rates and Payment Procedures for Fiscal Year 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Visit FDA's Web site at http://www.fda.gov/ForIndustry/UserFees/AnimalGenericDrugUserFee.... Background Section 741 of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 379j-21) establishes three different kinds of user fees: (1.... Contact your bank or financial institution regarding the amount of the fees that need to be paid...

  6. 48 CFR 16.305 - Cost-plus-award-fee contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-plus-award-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Cost-Reimbursement Contracts 16.305 Cost-plus-award-fee contracts. A cost-plus-award-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract that provides for a fee...

  7. 48 CFR 916.405-2 - Cost-plus-award-fee contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-plus-award-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 916.405-2 Cost-plus-award-fee... identified as a cost-plus-incentive-fee/award-fee combination type. The goals and evaluation criteria should...

  8. 48 CFR 16.405-2 - Cost-plus-award-fee contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-plus-award-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 16.405-2 Cost-plus-award-fee contracts. A cost-plus-award-fee contract is a cost-reimbursement contract that provides for a fee...

  9. 48 CFR 1316.405-2 - Cost-plus-award-fee contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cost-plus-award-fee... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES TYPES OF CONTRACTS Incentive Contracts 1316.405-2 Cost-plus-award-fee contracts. Insert clause 1352.216-72, Determination of Award Fee, in all cost-plus-award-fee contracts. ...

  10. 75 FR 45636 - Animal Generic Drug User Fee Rates and Payment Procedures for Fiscal Year 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-03

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Animal Generic Drug User Fee Rates and Payment Procedures... generic new animal drug user fees. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act), as amended by the Animal Generic Drug User Fee Act of 2008 (AGDUFA), authorizes FDA to collect user fees for...

  11. 78 FR 2627 - Fees for Official Inspection and Official Weighing Services Under the United States Grain...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-14

    ... ``Vomitoxin Qualitative'' and ``Vomitoxin Quantitative'' fees with one fee, ``All other Mycotoxins,'' in order... replace the ``Vomitoxin Qualitative'' and ``Vomitoxin Quantitative'' fees with one fee, ``All other... Services, including a comparison of the costs and revenues associated with official inspection and weighing...

  12. 48 CFR 915.404-4-72 - Special considerations for cost-plus-award-fee contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... cost-plus-award-fee contracts. 915.404-4-72 Section 915.404-4-72 Federal Acquisition Regulations System....404-4-72 Special considerations for cost-plus-award-fee contracts. (a) When a contract is to be awarded on a cost-plus-award-fee basis several special considerations are appropriate. Fee objectives for...

  13. 7 CFR 28.117 - Fee for new memorandum or certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Standards Act Fees and Costs § 28.117 Fee for new memorandum or certificate. For each new memorandum or... minimum fee of $5.00 per sheet. If the memorandum is provided by means of a computer diskette, the fee for each diskette shall be the higher of $10.00 or 10 cents per bale. The cost of any diskette not...

  14. 42 CFR 414.615 - Transition to the ambulance fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transition to the ambulance fee schedule. 414.615... Ambulance Services § 414.615 Transition to the ambulance fee schedule. The fee schedule for ambulance... the fee schedule payment for ambulance services and the amount the program would have paid absent the...

  15. 42 CFR 414.617 - Transition from regional to national ambulance fee schedule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transition from regional to national ambulance fee... SERVICES Fee Schedule for Ambulance Services § 414.617 Transition from regional to national ambulance fee... the ground ambulance base rate is subject to a floor amount determined by establishing nine fee...

  16. Social Policy Reforms and Daughters' Schooling in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belanger, Daniele; Liu, Jianye

    2004-01-01

    Vietnam's social policy reforms in the transition to a market economy included the introduction of fees for primary and secondary school in the late 1980s. Using data from the Viet Nam Living Standards Surveys, this paper examines how the increasing costs of education to households have impacted on school enrollment between 1993 and 1998, giving…

  17. Concierge, Wellness, and Block Fee Models of Primary Care: Ethical and Regulatory Concerns at the Public-Private Boundary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Lynette

    2017-06-01

    In bioethics and health policy, we often discuss the appropriate boundaries of public funding; how the interface of public and private purchasers and providers should be organized and regulated receives less attention. In this paper, I discuss ethical and regulatory issues raised at this interface by three medical practice models (concierge care, executive wellness clinics, and block fee charges) in which physicians provide insured services (whether publicly insured, privately insured, or privately insured by public mandate) while requiring or requesting that patients pay for services or for the non-insured services of the physicians themselves or their associates. This choice for such practice models is different from the decision to design an insurance plan to include or exclude user fees, co-payments and deductibles. I analyze the issues raised with regards to familiar health care values of equity and efficiency, while highlighting additional concerns about fair terms of access, provider integrity, and fair competition. I then analyze the common Canadian regulatory response to block fee models, considering their extension to wellness clinics, with regards to fiduciary standards governing the physician-patient relationship and the role of informed consent. I close by highlighting briefly issues that are of common concern across different fundamental normative frameworks for health policy.

  18. 36 CFR 1258.10 - What is NARA's mail order policy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... policy? 1258.10 Section 1258.10 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC AVAILABILITY AND USE FEES § 1258.10 What is NARA's mail order policy? (a) There is a... addresses in the United States are sent either first class or UPS depending on the weight of the order...

  19. Disjunction between Language Policy and Children's Sociocultural Ecology--An Analysis of English-Medium Education Policy in Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manan, Syed Abdul; David, Maya Khemlani; Dumanig, Francisco Perlas

    2015-01-01

    Sociocultural theory and constructionists propose that language learning is a socially and culturally mediated process, and they emphasize on social interaction. This study examines the amount of students' exposure to the school language to account for the link between English-medium policies in low-fee English-medium schools and children's…

  20. Industrial electricity demand and energy efficiency policy

    OpenAIRE

    Henriksson, Eva

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation consists of an introduction and five self-contained papers addressing the issues of industrial electricity demand and the role of energy efficiency policy. An important context for the study is the increased interest in so-called voluntary energy efficiency programs in which different types of tax exemptions are granted if the participating firms carry out energy efficiency measures following an energy audit. Paper 1 conceptually analyses the cost-effectiveness of voluntary ...

  1. 78 FR 33045 - Revocation of Statement of Policy on Public Participation in Rule Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-03

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Office of the Secretary Revocation of Statement of Policy on Public Participation... the Statement of Policy titled ``Public Participation in Rule Making,'' published in the Federal... the United States (ACUS), which urged Congress to amend the APA to remove the exemption from...

  2. 14 CFR 298.30 - Public disclosure of policy on consumer protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... conspicuous public place at each desk, station and position in the United States that is in charge of a person... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public disclosure of policy on consumer... Limitations and Conditions on Exemptions and Operations § 298.30 Public disclosure of policy on...

  3. Reflections on Basic Education under the "Three Guarantees" Policy in Tibet's Pastoral Districts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhiyong, Zhu

    2008-01-01

    The "two exemptions and one subsidy" (TEOS) policy presages the coming of an era of free education in compulsory education. Actually, the agricultural and pastoral districts of China's Tibet Autonomous Region had already experienced policies of free compulsory education in the mid-1980s, that is, the "three guarantees"…

  4. 76 FR 1499 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision.... SUMMARY: FMCSA announces its decision to exempt 15 individuals from the vision requirement in the Federal... commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce without meeting the prescribed vision standard....

  5. 75 FR 3053 - Application Numbers and Proposed Exemptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... Labor Employee Benefits Security Administration Application Numbers and Proposed Exemptions; Notice #0... LABOR Employee Benefits Security Administration Application Numbers and Proposed Exemptions AGENCY... Notice. Comments and requests for a hearing should state: (1) The name, address, and telephone number...

  6. 29 CFR 780.3 - Exemptions discussed in this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... industry are discussed in this part 780. These exemptions differ substantially in their terms, scope, and...) exemption (cotton ginning and sugar processing) discussed in subpart I of this part, and the section...

  7. 78 FR 63295 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... individuals for exemptions from the prohibition against persons with insulin- treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM... individual assessment of drivers with diabetes mellitus, and be consistent with the criteria described in... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  8. 76 FR 21792 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  9. 78 FR 24795 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  10. 78 FR 65034 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-30

    ... exemptions from the prohibition against persons with insulin- treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating... drivers with diabetes mellitus, and be consistent with the criteria described in section 4018 of the... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  11. 75 FR 34206 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-16

    ... exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted, the... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  12. 75 FR 63536 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ... exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted, the... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  13. 77 FR 33554 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-06

    ... individuals for exemption from the prohibition against persons with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM... individual assessment of drivers with diabetes mellitus, and be consistent with the criteria described in... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  14. 78 FR 56988 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-16

    ... exemption from the prohibition against persons with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). ACTION: Notice of applications...

  15. 78 FR 63280 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... exemptions from the prohibition against persons with insulin- treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating... drivers with diabetes mellitus, and be consistent with the criteria described in section 4018 of the... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  16. 78 FR 64267 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-28

    ... individuals for exemptions from the prohibition against persons with insulin- treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM... diabetes mellitus, and be consistent with the criteria described in section 4018 of the Transportation... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  17. 77 FR 74271 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    ... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted, the... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  18. 78 FR 63285 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... exemptions from the prohibition against persons with insulin- treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating... must provide for individual assessment of drivers with diabetes mellitus, and be consistent with the... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  19. 77 FR 27842 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-11

    ... exemption from the prohibition against persons with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). ACTION: Notice of applications...

  20. 78 FR 63298 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... individuals for exemptions from the prohibition against persons with insulin- treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM... must provide for individual assessment of drivers with diabetes mellitus, and be consistent with the... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  1. 78 FR 50486 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  2. 78 FR 20381 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-04

    ... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted, the... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  3. 78 FR 47818 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    ... FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elaine M. Papp, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. They are unable...

  4. 75 FR 1449 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-11

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes... with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) from operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in... . Background On October 29, 2009, FMCSA published a notice of receipt of Federal diabetes exemption...

  5. 29 CFR 1612.4 - Exemptions to open meeting policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... a civil action or proceeding, an action in a foreign court or international tribunal, or an arbitration, or the initiation, conduct, or disposition by the agency of a particular case of formal agency...

  6. 32 CFR 286.29 - Collection of fees and fee rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) Audiovisual documentary materials. Search costs are computed as for any other record. Duplication cost is the... Component has determined that the fee will be in excess of $250 (see § 286.28(e)). (b) Search time—(1) Manual search. Type Grade Hourly Rate Clerical E1-E9/GS1-GS8 $20.00 Professional O1-O6/GS9-GS15...

  7. 40 CFR 720.38 - Exemptions for test marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions for test marketing. 720.38... CONTROL ACT PREMANUFACTURE NOTIFICATION Applicability § 720.38 Exemptions for test marketing. (a) Any person may apply for an exemption to manufacture or import a new chemical substance for test marketing...

  8. 75 FR 22179 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY...: FMCSA previously announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in the... individuals from the vision requirement if the exemptions granted will not compromise safety. The Agency...

  9. 75 FR 39618 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ...-24015; FMCSA-2007-0071; FMCSA-2008-0021] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY...: FMCSA previously announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in the... individuals from the vision requirement if the exemptions granted will not compromise safety. The Agency...

  10. 75 FR 38603 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ...; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice... the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations for 21 individuals. FMCSA has statutory authority to exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the exemptions granted will...

  11. 75 FR 22178 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY...: FMCSA previously announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in the... individuals from the vision requirement if the exemptions granted will not compromise safety. The Agency...

  12. 75 FR 27620 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-17

    ... Renewals; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of final disposition. SUMMARY: FMCSA previously announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision... to exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the exemptions granted will not...

  13. 75 FR 19676 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-15

    ... of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA... the exemptions from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations for 15 individuals. FMCSA has statutory authority to exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the...

  14. 5 CFR 551.212 - Foreign exemption criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Exemptions and Exclusions § 551.212 Foreign exemption criteria. Foreign exemption means a provision of the Act under which the minimum wage, overtime, and child labor... labor provisions of the Act do not apply to any employee who spends all hours of work in a given...

  15. 75 FR 9482 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-02

    ... of the 33 exemption applications, FMCSA exempts, Bradley T. Alspach, William M. Arbogast, John E..., Amos W. Hulsey, Guy A. Lanham, Glenn Lewis, James M. McCormick, Shane W. Mincey, Millard F. Neace, II.... Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA may grant an exemption for a 2-year period if it finds...

  16. 40 CFR 146.4 - Criteria for exempted aquifers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Criteria for exempted aquifers. 146.4... for exempted aquifers. An aquifer or a portion thereof which meets the criteria for an “underground source of drinking water” in § 146.3 may be determined under 40 CFR 144.8 to be an “exempted aquifer”...

  17. 9 CFR 590.660 - Inspection of exempted plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inspection of exempted plants. 590.660... Products Plants § 590.660 Inspection of exempted plants. Duly authorized representatives of the Administrator shall make such periodic inspections of exempted plants and records thereof as the...

  18. 29 CFR 780.307 - Exemption for employer's immediate family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for employer's immediate family. 780.307 Section... 13(a)(6) Statutory Provisions § 780.307 Exemption for employer's immediate family. Section 13(a)(6)(B... other member of the employer's immediate family.” The requirements of this exemption, evident from the...

  19. 40 CFR 91.1010 - Granting of exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Granting of exemptions. 91.1010 Section 91.1010 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... Engines § 91.1010 Granting of exemptions. (a) If upon completion of the review of an exemption...

  20. 14 CFR 399.21 - Charter exemptions (except military).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Charter exemptions (except military). 399.21 Section 399.21 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION... Authority § 399.21 Charter exemptions (except military). In deciding applications for exemptions...

  1. 22 CFR 505.13 - General exemptions (Subsection (j)).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true General exemptions (Subsection (j)). 505.13... exemptions (Subsection (j)). (a) General exemptions are available for systems of records which are maintained by the Central Intelligence Agency (Subsection (j)(1)), or maintained by an agency which performs...

  2. 75 FR 36778 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... granted will not compromise safety. The Agency has concluded that granting these exemption renewals will.... Johnston Harry L. Jones Mearl C. Kennedy Aaron C. Lougher William F. Mack Patrick E. Martin Bennet G... exemption will be valid for two years unless rescinded earlier by FMCSA. The exemption will be rescinded...

  3. 29 CFR 2580.412-28 - Conditions of exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... BONDING RULES Exemptions Banking Institutions Subject to Federal Regulation § 2580.412-28 Conditions of exemption. This exemption applies only to those banking institutions and trust companies subject to... Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...

  4. 12 CFR 711.5 - Small market share exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Small market share exemption. 711.5 Section 711.5 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS MANAGEMENT OFFICIAL INTERLOCKS § 711.5 Small market share exemption. (a) Exemption. A management...

  5. 29 CFR 779.384 - May qualify as exempt establishments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Establishments Motion Picture Theaters § 779.384 May qualify as exempt establishments. Section 13(a)(9) of the... employed by an establishment which is a motion picture theater.” This exemption will be applicable... part. A motion picture theater may also qualify as an exempt retail or service establishment...

  6. 48 CFR 252.229-7002 - Customs exemptions (Germany).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Customs exemptions... of Provisions And Clauses 252.229-7002 Customs exemptions (Germany). As prescribed in 229.402-70(b), use the following clause: Customs Exemptions (Germany) (JUN 1997) Imported products required for...

  7. 29 CFR 793.20 - Exclusive engagement in exempt work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exclusive engagement in exempt work. 793.20 Section 793.20... AND TELEVISION STATION EMPLOYEES FROM OVERTIME PAY REQUIREMENTS UNDER SECTION 13(b)(9) OF THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Workweek Application of Exemption § 793.20 Exclusive engagement in exempt work. An...

  8. 22 CFR 505.14 - Specific exemptions (Subsection (k)).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Specific exemptions (Subsection (k)). 505.14... exemptions (Subsection (k)). The specific exemptions focus more on the nature of the records in the system of...) Subsection (k)(1). Records which are specifically authorized under criteria established under an Executive...

  9. 48 CFR 252.229-7003 - Tax Exemptions (Italy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Tax Exemptions (Italy... of Provisions And Clauses 252.229-7003 Tax Exemptions (Italy). As prescribed in 229.402-70(c), use the following clause: Tax Exemptions (Italy) (JAN 2002) (a) The Contractor represents that...

  10. 17 CFR 36.3 - Exempt commercial markets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exempt commercial markets. 36... MARKETS § 36.3 Exempt commercial markets. (a) Notification. An electronic trading facility relying upon... electronic form, shall be labeled as “Notification of Operation as an Exempt Commercial Market,” and...

  11. 77 FR 42075 - Petition for Exemption; Reopening of Comment Period

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Petition for Exemption; Reopening of Comment Period AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of petition for exemption; Reopening of comment period. SUMMARY: This action reopens the comment period for a petition for exemption that was published on May 24...

  12. 77 FR 17107 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    ... (KY) Travis J. Luce (MI) Jack D. Miller (OH) Eric M. Moats, Sr. (MD) Robert W. Nicks (NY) Joseph S... has statutory authority to exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the exemptions granted will not compromise safety. The Agency has concluded that granting these exemption renewals...

  13. 40 CFR 85.1704 - Who may request an exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Exclusion and Exemption of Motor Vehicles and Motor...) Any manufacturer may request a national security exemption under § 85.1708. (c) For manufacturers, vehicles or engines for export purposes are exempt without application, subject to the provisions of §...

  14. 40 CFR 85.1511 - Exemptions and exclusions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Importation of Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle... exemptions or exclusions are permitted by this paragraph: (1) National security exemption. Vehicles may be imported under the national security exemption found at 40 CFR 85.1708. Only persons who are...

  15. 26 CFR 54.4975-7 - Other statutory exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... example, in the interest of certain selling shareholders. (3) Primary benefit requirement—(i) In general... current exempt loan. No person entitled to payment under the exempt loan shall have any right to assets of...) Right of first refusal. Qualifying employer securities acquired with proceeds of an exempt loan may,...

  16. 40 CFR 85.1706 - Pre-certification exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Exclusion and Exemption of Motor Vehicles and Motor...) or (4), is exempt from section 203(a), without application, if the manufacturer complies with the... the label. (b) Any manufacturer that desires a pre-certification exemption and is in the business...

  17. 77 FR 545 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    ...; FMCSA-2007-0017] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier.... SUMMARY: FMCSA announces its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in the Federal... from the vision requirement if the exemptions granted will not compromise safety. The Agency...

  18. 12 CFR 1102.307 - Disclosure of exempt records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... circumstances shall any person, entity or agency disclose or make public in any manner the exempt records or... shall disclose or permit the disclosure of any exempt records, or information contained therein, to any... Counsel. (b) Disclosure authorized. Exempt records or information of the ASC may be disclosed only in...

  19. 7 CFR 301.85-2b - Exempted articles. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exempted articles. 1 301.85-2b Section 301.85-2b... § 301.85-2b Exempted articles. 1 1 The articles hereby exempted remain subject to applicable restrictions under other quarantines and other provisions of this subpart. (a) The following articles...

  20. JOURNEY EXPENSES FOR DEPENDENT CHILDREN - SCHOOL FEES

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2001-01-01

    Human Resources Division wishes to remind members of the personnel of Article R IV 1.24 of the Staff Regulations according to which 'Three times per period of two years the Organization shall reimburse the journey expenses in respect of each child covered by the provisions of Article R A 8.01 a) [concerning the amount of the reimbursement of education fees]. The reimbursement shall be equivalent to the journey expenses for the return trip between the duty station of the member of the personnel and the educational establishment'. It should be noted that Article R IV 1.40 related to the subsistence indemnity does not apply to this type of journey. This rule will be strictly applied as from September 1, 2001.

  1. The free-to-fee transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kammer, Aske; Boeck, Morten; Hansen, Jakob Vikær;

    2015-01-01

    After more than a decade of giving online news away for free, legacy newspaper organisations in many Western countries have recently begun charging audiences for access to online journalistic content. Focusing empirically on a Danish case, this article uses one survey (n = 1054) and two focus...... groups to examine audiences’ attitudes toward paying for online news. The analysis suggests that audiences’ general principles regarding paying for online news influence their willingness to pay more than the size of the subscription fee. Furthermore, the analysis shows that younger audiences......’ willingness to pay increases if they can combine content from different news providers and thereby individualise their news products. The latter in particular can have practical implications as it presents a way forward for economically challenged legacy newspaper organisations, but it might also compromise...

  2. 41 CFR 301-70.704 - What expenses and/or classes of employees are exempt from the mandatory use of the Government...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... contractor-issued travel charge card is not accepted); (h) Phone calls (when a Government calling card is... classes of employees are exempt from the mandatory use of the Government contractor-issued travel charge... REQUIREMENTS Policies and Procedures Relating to Mandatory Use of the Government Contractor-Issued...

  3. 41 CFR 301-51.2 - What official travel expenses and/or classes of employees are exempt from the mandatory use of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...., group meals or the Government contractor-issued travel charge card is not accepted); (h) Phone calls (when a Government calling card is available for use in accordance with agency policy); (i) An employee... expenses and/or classes of employees are exempt from the mandatory use of the Government...

  4. Tasting fees and the youth market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Treloar

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Many wineries in Australia and New Zealand are seeking strategies to continue to develop in a highly competitive marketplace. One such strategy is via the development of wine tourism. Although there is a significant amount of literature of the relative advantages and disadvantages of wine tourism for small wineries, particularly with respect to its educational and market development function, there is very little research available on how wine tourism is perceived by the next generation of wine drinkers – the youth market. The purpose of this study is therefore to gain a better understanding of how the youth market perceives tasting fees at wineries and influences on purchasing and other wine behaviours. In late 2003, 599 surveys were distributed to ten universities throughout Australia and New Zealand, of which 448 were returned, representing a valid response rate of 74.8 percent. The results of the survey indicated that the majority of respondents who thought of wine tourism as an appealing activity, who had visited wineries previously, who normally consumed and purchased wine and who had some knowledge of wine all thought that a fee at the cellar door would impact on their decision to visit. Wineries need to maximise the return on their wine, however there also needs to be recognition of the potential trade-off between immediate returns from charging for tastings and cellar-door sales versus longer-term returns from direct and indirect sales. In some markets, and particularly the ‘Generation Y’ market, seeking short-term returns through charging may affect longer-term custom and loyalty. However, regardless of the strategy, it is important that it is effectively communicated to the market, particularly if individual wineries are interested in growing the market for the future.

  5. 36 CFR 404.9 - Miscellaneous fee provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROCEDURES AND GUIDELINES FOR COMPLIANCE WITH THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 404.9 Miscellaneous fee... whether a belief would be reasonable is the time period over which the requests have occurred. (d) Advance...

  6. 11 CFR 9405.11 - Miscellaneous fee provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 9405.11 Miscellaneous fee provisions. (a) Charging Interest—notice and rate... determining whether a belief would be reasonable is the time period over which the requests have occurred. (d...

  7. 78 FR 49945 - Minerals Management: Adjustment of Cost Recovery Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... would enable an increase in fees to recover additional costs related to processing drilling-related...) for mining (broadly inclusive of metal mining, coal mining, oil and gas extraction, and the mining...

  8. Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge : Entrance Fee Plan

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Emergency Wetlands Resources Act of 1986 authorizes the Fish and Wildlife Service to collect entrance fees within selected units of the National Wildlife Refuge...

  9. 49 CFR 1510.13 - Remittance of security service fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... remitted by electronic funds transfer. (2) Fees under $1,000 may be remitted by electronic funds transfer, check, money order, wire transfer, or draft. (e) Direct air carriers and foreign air carriers...

  10. 50 CFR 635.4 - Permits and fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... fee is calculated in accordance with the procedures of the NOAA Finance Handbook, available from NMFS... is owned by a corporation or partnership, the corporate or partnership documents requested on the...

  11. User fees in public libraries: perspectives, opportunities and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... it looks into the fee concept and discusses the experiences and implications of ... and investment in the value and role of information for economic growth and in ... make fair decision regarding access, use and sustainability of public libraries.

  12. 38 CFR 36.4254 - Fees and charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... respect to the real estate portion of the loan, to reasonable and customary amounts for any of the... contain a provision describing the right of the holder to collect this fee as trustee for the Department...

  13. Liability for the Payment of Public School Fees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Carnelley

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The author highlights some legal issues regarding the liability of parents and other individuals to pay public school fees in the light of recent judicial precedent, specifically Fish Hoek Primary School v GW 2009 JOL 24624 (SCA. The various possible legal bases for the liability for such fees are examined. In this regard the common law duty to maintain as amended by legislation; contractual liability; and the concepts of household necessaries, stipulatio alteri, negotiorum gestio and unjustified enrichment are considered.

  14. Determinants of Audit fees by Brazilian Companies Publicly Traded

    OpenAIRE

    Borges, Victor Placeres; Nardi,Paula Carolina Ciampaglia; Silva, Ricardo Luiz Menezes da

    2017-01-01

    The studies on the determinants of audit fees in Brazil became possible with the mandatory disclosure of audit expenses in 2009. Thus, the objective of this research was to identify the determinants of the fees paid by Brazilian publicly traded companies to independent auditors in 2010 to 2014. The analysis took place through regression with data arranged in panel. Size, performance, complexity, audit firm size, adoption of corporate governance practices, audit rotation, industry and litigati...

  15. Audit Fees in Malaysia: Does Corporate Governance Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Effiezal Aswadi Abdul Wahab; Mazlina Mat Zain; Kieran James

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between corporate governance and audit fees during the period before and after the enactment of the Malaysian Code of Corporate Governance (MCCG). Our panel analysis of 379 firms during the 1999–2002 period reveals a significant and positive relationship between corporate governance and audit fees. However, the relationship becomes weaker after 2001, suggesting that the MCCG reduced firms' control and inherent risk, thus ultimately contributing to reduce...

  16. 46 CFR 503.43 - Fees for services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... material is exempt from disclosure. Searches may be done manually or by computer using existing programming... the requester will be given an opportunity to confer with Commission personnel with the object...

  17. Use of impact fees to incentivize low-impact development and promote compact growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Zhongming; Noonan, Douglas; Crittenden, John; Jeong, Hyunju; Wang, Dali

    2013-10-01

    Low-impact development (LID) is an innovative stormwater management strategy that restores the predevelopment hydrology to prevent increased stormwater runoff from land development. Integrating LID into residential subdivisions and increasing population density by building more compact living spaces (e.g., apartment homes) can result in a more sustainable city by reducing stormwater runoff, saving infrastructural cost, increasing the number of affordable homes, and supporting public transportation. We develop an agent-based model (ABM) that describes the interactions between several decision-makers (i.e., local government, a developer, and homebuyers) and fiscal drivers (e.g., property taxes, impact fees). The model simulates the development of nine square miles of greenfield land. A more sustainable development (MSD) scenario introduces an impact fee that developers must pay if they choose not to use LID to build houses or apartment homes. Model simulations show homeowners selecting apartment homes 60% or 35% of the time after 30 years of development in MSD or business as usual (BAU) scenarios, respectively. The increased adoption of apartment homes results from the lower cost of using LID and improved quality of life for apartment homes relative to single-family homes. The MSD scenario generates more tax revenue and water savings than does BAU. A time-dependent global sensitivity analysis quantifies the importance of socioeconomic variables on the adoption rate of apartment homes. The top influential factors are the annual pay rates (or capital recovery factor) for single-family houses and apartment homes. The ABM can be used by city managers and policymakers for scenario exploration in accordance with local conditions to evaluate the effectiveness of impact fees and other policies in promoting LID and compact growth.

  18. Midmarket Solar Policies in the United States: A Guide for Midsized Solar Customers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tian, Tian; Liu, Chang; O' Shaughnessy, Eric; Mathur, Shivani; Holm, Alison; Miller, John

    2016-09-01

    The first part of this guide introduces the key solar policies necessary for policy-based decision-making, which involves using knowledge of a solar policy to improve project economics and efficiency. Policies that could result in policy-based decisions include interconnection standards, net metering, user fees, incentives, and third-party ownership policies. The goal of this section is to equip prospective customers and project developers with the tools necessary to understand and use solar policies in a dynamic policy environment. The second part of this guide provides a complete, state-by-state inventory of midmarket solar policies for potential customers and developers to use as reference when making policy-based decisions. Although solar policies are dynamic, the profiles provide a framework for assessing policies to build the parameters that could be used to determine feasibility and structure of a solar PV system for midmarket customers and developers.

  19. Market based instruments for urban mobility management: the case of parking fees; Strumenti economici e governo della mobilita urbana: il caso delle tariffe di parcheggio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zatti, Andrea [Pavia Univ., Pavia (Italy). Dipartimento di economia pubblica e territoriale

    2005-05-15

    effects on through traffic, reduced variability according to distance, time and spatial collocation of trips) and from the point of view of the share of users obliged to pay. Many findings, confirmed by the specific case study carried on in the city of Pavia, show in fact a large amount of exemptions (residents, doctors, retailers) and not-chargeable lots: private garages, supermarket lots, company parking (including University) that, together with high levels of illegal parking, can seriously reduce the effectiveness and efficiency of the instrument. In this scenario, tariff values and typologies of users obliged to pay (mainly occasional visitors to the city centres) seem to show how parking fees can be considered more a revenue raising instrument (falling on non-resident) than a real environmental charge. In the conclusions of the paper some possible solutions (electronic road pricing, cash out, parking lots taxation, policy packaging) to the previous problems are briefly taken into consideration. [Italian] Un interesse crescente e stato rivolto sia dall'analisi teorica che dai regolatori pubblici all'utilizzo di strumenti economici per la gestione della mobilita motorizzata all'interno delle aree urbane. In tale ambito ha acquisito un rilievo particolare, soprattutto dal punto di vista della diffusione delle applicazioni, la tariffazione della sosta, interpretata sia come strumento di razionamento degli spazi urbani, che come forma indiretta di gestione della mobilita. Nella prima parte del lavoro, sulla base della letteratura esistente, vengono prese in considerazione le principali potenzialita del parking pricing, sia in termini di efficienza ed efficacia, che di accettabilita complessiva, evidenziandone contemporaneamente i principali vincoli applicativi. Nella seconda parte viene analizzata l'esperienza italiana, ove la diffusione della sosta a pagamento ha sperimentato una rapida e generalizzata ascesa nel corso degli ultimi anni. Il quadro

  20. International survey of seat belt use exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, H; Sirin, H; Levine, J A; Sauber, E

    2006-08-01

    Substantial evidence of seatbelt efficacy has been shown by several studies, and it is widely recommended that motor vehicle occupants use properly fitted seat belts. However, some (but a heretofore unknown number of) countries with national seat belt laws permit various exemptions which may lower use rates. The aim of this study was to survey the variety of exemptions to national seat belt laws. This investigation relied on identifying respondents from national traffic safety agencies, other governmental and non-governmental organizations, Internet searches, personal contacts, and other sources. Questionnaires were deployed through a web based survey supplemented by email and postal versions. Responses were received from 30 countries of which 28 (93.7%) had a national seat belt law. About two thirds (63.7%) of the 28 national laws applied to both front and back seat passengers. The leading exemption types included vehicles made before a certain year (n = 13), antique vehicles (n = 12), military vehicles (n = 11), buses (n = 9), and emergency vehicles (n = 8). Most responding countries reported one or more specific categories of individuals as exempt including those with medical exemptions (n = 20), taxi drivers (n = 11), police (n = 9), emergency medical personnel (n = 8), physically disabled people (n = 6), and pregnant women (n = 6). Out of 26 responses to the question regarding current level of enforcement, 42.3% felt enforcement was "very good or good" and 57.7% characterized it as "fair or poor". This study represents one of the largest international traffic law surveys reported. Most national seatbelt laws offer perilous exemptions to a broad array of vehicle types and road user groups. These findings, coupled with concern over the level of enforcement in the majority of countries surveyed, suggest that international road safety efforts have a long way to go to improve coverage and enforcement of national seat belt laws.

  1. Medicare program; physician fee schedule update for calendar year 1996 and physician volume performance standard rates of increase for federal fiscal year 1996--HCFA. Final notice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-12-08

    This final notice announces the calendar year 1996 updates to the Medicare physician fee schedule and the Federal fiscal year 1996 volume performance standard rates of increase for expenditures for physicians' services under the Medicare Supplementary Medical Insurance (Part B) program as required by sections 1848 (d) and (f), respectively, of the Social Security Act. The fee schedule update for calendar year 1996 is 3.8 percent for surgical services, -2.3 percent for primary care services, and 0.4 percent for other nonsurgical services. While it does not affect payment for any particular service, there was a 0.8 percent increase in the update for all physicians' services for 1996. The physician volume performance standard rates of increase for Federal fiscal year 1996 are -0.5 percent for surgical services, 9.3 percent for primary care services, 0.6 percent for other nonsurgical services, and a weighted average of 1.8 percent for all physicians' services. In our July 26, 1995 proposed rule concerning revisions to payment policies under the Medicare physician fee schedule for calendar year 1996, we proposed using category-specific volume and intensity growth allowances in calculating the default Medicare Volume Performance Standard (MVPS). We received 20 comments on this proposal. Since this proposal is related to the MVPS and this notice deals with MVPS issues, we are responding to those comments in this notice instead of in the final rule for the fee schedule entitled "Medicare Program; Revisions to Payment Policies and Adjustments to the Relative Value Units Under the Physician Fee Schedule for Calendar Year 1996" published elsewhere in this Federal Register issue.

  2. Predicting Exemptions and Hardship in CISG Context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lookofsky, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    In this contribution to the Liber Amicorum Festschrift in honor of Peter Møgelvang-Hansen, the author revisits and casts new light on force majeure and liability exemptions under the 1980 UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, including recent developments in CISG Article...... 79 theory and practice, as well as the advent of a highly controversial conundrum: how to handle ‘hardship’ in the liability-exemptions context? By way of introduction to this particular CISG topic area, the author sketches the larger Sales Convention picture and its relationship to domestic law...

  3. In setting doctors' Medicare fees, CMS almost always accepts the relative value update panel's advice on work values.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laugesen, Miriam J; Wada, Roy; Chen, Eric M

    2012-05-01

    To calculate physicians' fees under Medicare--which in turn influence the physician fee schedules of other public and private payers--one of the essential decisions the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) must make is how much physician time and effort, or work, is associated with various physician services. To make this determination, CMS relies on the recommendations of an advisory committee representing national physician organizations. Some experts on primary care who are concerned about the income gap between primary and specialty care providers have blamed the committee for increasing that gap. Our analysis of CMS's decisions on updating work values between 1994 and 2010 found that CMS agreed with 87.4 percent of the committee's recommendations, although CMS reduced recommended work values for a limited number of radiology and medical specialty services. If policy makers or physicians want to change the update process but keep the Medicare fee schedule in its current form, CMS's capacity to review changes in relative value units could be strengthened through long-term investment in the agency's ability to undertake research and analysis of issues such as how the effort and time associated with different physician services is determined, and which specialties--if any--receive higher payments than others as a result.

  4. Polymer Exemption for New Chemicals under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA has established an exemption for certain polymers to encourage manufacturers to make safer polymers. To learn more about this exemption, eligibility, and it's requirements, read this overview of the exemption.

  5. Fiscal year 1999 Battelle performance evaluation and fee agreement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DAVIS, T.L.

    1998-10-22

    Fiscal Year 1999 represents the third fill year utilizing a results-oriented, performance-based evaluation for the Contractor's operations and management of the DOE Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (here after referred to as the Laboratory). However, this is the first year that the Contractor's fee is totally performance-based utilizing the same Critical Outcomes. This document describes the critical outcomes, objectives, performance indicators, expected levels of performance, and the basis for the evaluation of the Contractor's performance for the period October 1, 1998 through September 30, 1999, as required by Clauses entitled ''Use of Objective Standards of Performance, Self Assessment and Performance Evaluation'' and ''Performance Measures Review'' of the Contract DE-ACO6-76RL01830. Furthermore, it documents the distribution of the total available performance-based fee and the methodology set for determining the amount of fee earned by the Contractor as stipulated within the causes entitled ''Estimated Cost and Annual Fee,'' ''Total Available Fee'' and ''Allowable Costs and Fee.'' In partnership with the Contractor and other key customers, the Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters (HQ) and Richland Operations Office (RL) has defined four critical outcomes that serve as the core for the Contractor's performance-based evaluation and fee determination. The Contractor also utilizes these outcomes as a basis for overall management of the Laboratory.

  6. Special report on taxation. IRS issues stricter guidelines for audits of tax-exempt hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, J E

    1992-07-01

    The new audit guidelines serve as yet another reminder to tax-exempt hospitals that great care must be taken in structuring and documenting business arrangements with physicians and executives so as to withstand scrutiny by the IRS with regard to exempt status. Since increased census and utilization, and enhancement of the hospital's financial position, are no longer acceptable justifications for such activities as physician recruitment incentives (being suggestive of payment for referrals), it is important that hospitals make an effort to ensure that board minutes, recruitment policies, internal memoranda, and other documentation set forth the reasons--other than the benefits to the institution's bottom line--for having entered into such transactions. Hospitals must establish and document a community need for each physician recruited. Hospitals that actively recruit should be armed with studies evaluating recruiting needs in each clinical area, based on objective criteria, taking into consideration managed care contracting needs and the provision of services to the poor and needy. Finally, hospitals should re-examine all joint ventures and other business relationships with physicians to determine whether such arrangements resulted from arm's length negotiation, involve fair market value for goods and services, and conform, insofar as possible, with the Medicare fraud and abuse safe harbor regulations. Under GCM 39862 and the new guidelines, "aggressive" arrangements may not only create exposure under fraud and abuse laws, but could jeopardize the provider's tax-exempt status as well.

  7. CLAIMS FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF EDUCATION FEES

    CERN Document Server

    Personnel Division

    1999-01-01

    REMINDERYou are reminded that, in accordance with Article R A 8.07 of the Staff Regulations 'the relevant bills shall be grouped so that not more than three claims in respect of each child are submitted in an academic year'.For this purpose:the academic year is defined as the period going from 1st September to 31st August, only paid bills can be subject to reimbursement, a claim for reimbursement of education fees may only include bills for expenses incurred during a given academic year for a given child, bills for one child may be grouped on a claim by periods of term, semester or academic year, the months of July and August should be included in the third term, or the second semester, or the academic year, for each dependent child, a maximum of 3 claims can be submitted for the reimbursement of expenses incurred during one academic year, therefore, any bill submitted for reimbursement after the third claim will not be reimbursed.Please make sure that you have received and paid all bills, including those for...

  8. CLAIMS FOR REINBURSEMENT OF EDUCATION FEES

    CERN Multimedia

    PE-ADS

    1999-01-01

    You are reminded that, in accordance with Article R A 8.07 of the Staff Regulations 'the relevant bills shall be grouped so that not more than three claims in respect of each child are submitted in an academic year'.For this purpose:-\tthe academic year is defined as the period going from 1st September to 31st August,-\tonly paid bills can be subject to reimbursement,-\ta claim for reimbursement of education fees may only include bills for expenses incurred during a given academic year for a given child,-\tbills for one child may be grouped on a claim by periods of term, semester or academic year,-\tthe months of July and August should be included in the third term, or the second semester, or the academic year,-\tfor each dependent child, a maximum of 3 claims can be submitted for the reimbursement of expenses incurred during one academic year, therefore, any bill submitted for reimbursement after the third claim will not be reimbursed.Please make sure that you have receive...

  9. 76 FR 45811 - Animal Drug User Fee Rates and Payment Procedures for Fiscal Year 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ...Industry/UserFees/AnimalDrugUserFeeActADUFA/default.htm and under Tools and Resources click ``The Animal... Sheet, transmit it to FDA, and print a copy. After logging into your account with your user name...

  10. 78 FR 46955 - Animal Drug User Fee Rates and Payment Procedures for Fiscal Year 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... at http://www.fda.gov/ForIndustry/UserFees/AnimalDrugUserFeeActADUFA/default.htm and, under Tools and... Drug User Cover Sheet, transmit it to FDA, and print a copy. After logging into your account with...

  11. 75 FR 45632 - Animal Drug User Fee Rates and Payment Procedures for Fiscal Year 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-03

    ...Industry/UserFees/AnimalDrugUserFeeActADUFA/default.htm and, under Tools and Resources click ``The Animal..., transmit it to FDA, and print a copy. After logging into your account with your user name and...

  12. 7 CFR 205.641 - Payment of fees and other charges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....641 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Administrative Fees § 205.641 Payment of fees and...

  13. 36 CFR 1250.54 - General information on fees for NARA operational records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 11″) photocopy paper, we will copy them on larger paper and will reduce your copy fee by the normal... pay FOIA fees in the past, we will require you to pay your past-due bill before we begin...

  14. Determinants of Audit Fees: a Study in the Companies Listed on the BM&FBOVESPA, Brazil

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Walther Bottaro de Lima Castro; Ivam Ricardo Peleias; Glauco Peres da Silva

    2015-01-01

    ... relationship between fees and the variables size, client's complexity, and Big N auditors. The risk perceived by the auditor demonstrated to affect the values of fees differently in larger and smaller clients...

  15. 77 FR 44656 - Notice of Annual Factors for Determining Public Housing Agency Administrative Fees for the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... Calendar Year (CY) 2012. DATES: Effective Date: January 1, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Miguel... had three components, ongoing, preliminary, and hard-to-house fees. In FY 2003, a flat fee...

  16. 40 CFR 1027.130 - How do I make a fee payment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CONTROLS FEES FOR ENGINE, VEHICLE, AND EQUIPMENT COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS § 1027.130 How do I make a fee payment... following methods: money order, bank draft, certified check, corporate check, electronic funds transfer,...

  17. 49 CFR 1511.7 - Remittance of Aviation Security Infrastructure Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Fees of $1,000 or more must be remitted by electronic funds transfer. (2) Aviation Security Infrastructure Fees under $1,000 may be remitted by electronic funds transfer, check, money order, wire...

  18. Optimal Investment and Consumption for an Insurer with High-Watermark Performance Fee

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Xu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The optimal investment and consumption problem is investigated for an insurance company, which is subject to the payment of high-watermark fee from profit. The objective of insurance company is to maximize the expected cumulated discount utility up to ruin time. The consumption behavior considered in this paper can be viewed as dividend payment of the insurance company. It turns out that the value function of the proposed problem is the viscosity solution to the associated HJB equation. The regularity of the viscosity is discussed and some asymptotic results are provided. With the help of the smooth properties of viscosity solutions, we complete the verification theorem of the optimal control policies and the potential applications of the main result are discussed.

  19. 'No Win, No Fee', Cost-Shifting and the Costs of Civil Litigation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fenn, Paul; Grembi, Veronica; Rickman, Neil

    claimants to shift additional costs (introduced by the 'no win no fee' schemes) onto losing defendants in 2000. In this paper, we evaluate the effect of the second of these reforms - that relating to the shifting of costs. We describe how this may have exacerbated the negative externality often associated...... with cost-shifting, which arises from losing litigants being held liable to pay their successful opponents' costs. We use a dataset consisting of (daily) employers' liability claims to undertake a regression discontinuity design (RDD) in order to see whether claimants' litigation costs increased following...... the introduction of the cost-shifting amendment. We find that costs increased by approximately 25% after the new policy was introduced, consistent with theoretical predictions. As well as providing a rare test of underlying theory (and the first with UK data), our analysis also points towards the need for more...

  20. 44 CFR 6.87 - Specific exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... deny them a right, privilege, or benefit to which they would otherwise be entitled. (1) Exempt systems... inquiries of suspected violators of civil and criminal laws and regulations under its jurisdiction. In many cases investigations and inquiries into violations of civil and criminal laws and regulations...

  1. 45 CFR 612.7 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... utilization, such as internal staffing plans, authorizations or controls, or involved in determination of the... provide undue or unfair competitive advantage to private interests or impede legitimate government... addresses, social security numbers, dates of birth, marital status and the like. (v) The exemption also...

  2. 31 CFR 545.208 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 545.208 Section 545.208 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... assist in the creation of information or informational materials; and, with respect to information or...

  3. 31 CFR 515.206 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 515.206 Section 515.206 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... the creation of information or informational materials, and payment of royalties to a designated...

  4. 31 CFR 537.210 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 537.210 Section 537.210 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... assist in the creation of information or informational materials; and, with respect to information or...

  5. 31 CFR 587.206 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 587.206 Section 587.206 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF...-produce, create, or assist in the creation of information or informational materials; and, with respect to...

  6. 31 CFR 538.212 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 538.212 Section 538.212 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... services to market, produce or co-produce, create or assist in the creation of information and...

  7. 31 CFR 595.206 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 595.206 Section 595.206 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF..., provision of services to market, produce or co-produce, create or assist in the creation of information and...

  8. 31 CFR 586.206 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 586.206 Section 586.206 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... or assist in the creation of information and informational materials, and payment of royalties to...

  9. 31 CFR 588.206 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 588.206 Section 588.206 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... assist in the creation of information or informational materials; and, with respect to information or...

  10. 31 CFR 542.206 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 542.206 Section 542.206 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... assist in the creation of information or informational materials; and, with respect to information or...

  11. 31 CFR 548.206 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 548.206 Section 548.206 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... assist in the creation of information or informational materials; and, with respect to information or...

  12. 31 CFR 539.204 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 539.204 Section 539.204 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... of services to market, produce or co-produce, create, or assist in the creation of information or...

  13. 31 CFR 541.206 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 541.206 Section 541.206 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... assist in the creation of information or informational materials; and, with respect to information or...

  14. 31 CFR 560.210 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 560.210 Section 560.210 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... services to market, produce or co-produce, create or assist in the creation of information and...

  15. 31 CFR 544.206 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 544.206 Section 544.206 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF...-produce, create, or assist in the creation of information or informational materials; and, with respect to...

  16. 31 CFR 536.205 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt transactions. 536.205 Section 536.205 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF... creation of information and informational materials, and payment of royalties to a specially designated...

  17. 7 CFR 1160.215 - Assessment exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FLUID MILK PROMOTION PROGRAM Fluid Milk Promotion Order National Fluid Milk Processor Promotion Board § 1160.215 Assessment exemption. (a) No...

  18. 7 CFR 57.100 - Specific exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... section, the exemptions do not apply to restricted eggs when prohibited by State or local law: And... are allowed by the tolerances in the official standards for U.S. Consumer Grade B shell eggs; (b) (c... directly to a household consumer exclusively for use by such consumer and members of his household and...

  19. 7 CFR 1219.8 - Exempt handler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1219.8 Exempt... Hass avocados purchased by the person have already been subject to assessments under the Order....

  20. 24 CFR 16.15 - Specific exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Files. (c) The system of records entitled “HUD/PIH-1. Tenant Eligibility Verification Files” consists in... violations of law. Therefore, to the extent that information in the system falls within the coverage of subsection (k)(2) of the Privacy Act, 5 U.S.C. 552a(k)(2), the system is exempt from the requirements of the...