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Sample records for fcssa hon facs

  1. FAC: Flexible Atomic Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Ming Feng

    2018-02-01

    FAC calculates various atomic radiative and collisional processes, including radiative transition rates, collisional excitation and ionization by electron impact, energy levels, photoionization, and autoionization, and their inverse processes radiative recombination and dielectronic capture. The package also includes a collisional radiative model to construct synthetic spectra for plasmas under different physical conditions.

  2. Fac

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2016-05-04

    May 4, 2016 ... role of effective knowledge management in the construction industry. Key Words: Organizational performance, Knowledge management and Critical success factors. Introduction. Individuals and groups constantly come across and use different insights which they have acquired from small scale, large scale ...

  3. Goniothalamus flagellistylus Tagane & V. S. Dang (Annonaceae, a new species from Mt. Hon Ba, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuichiro Tagane

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A new species, Goniothalamus flagellistylus Tagane & V. S. Dang, sp. nov. from Hon Ba Nature Reserve in Khanh Hoa Province, South Vietnam is described and illustrated. This species is most similar to Goniothalamus tortilipetalus M.R.Hend., but distinct in having 308–336 stamens (vs. ca. 170–260 and ca.120 carpels (vs. ca. 50–100 per flower, and Stigma and pseudostyles ca.8.5 mm (vs. 4–4.5 mm long.

  4. Goniothalamusflagellistylus Tagane & V. S. Dang (Annonaceae), a new species from Mt. Hon Ba, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tagane, Shuichiro; Dang, Van Son; Yahara, Tetsukazu; Toyama, Hironori; Tran, Hop

    2015-01-01

    A new species, Goniothalamusflagellistylus Tagane & V. S. Dang, sp. nov. from Hon Ba Nature Reserve in Khanh Hoa Province, South Vietnam is described and illustrated. This species is most similar to Goniothalamustortilipetalus M.R.Hend., but distinct in having 308-336 stamens (vs. ca. 170-260) and ca.120 carpels (vs. ca. 50-100) per flower, and Stigma and pseudostyles ca.8.5 mm (vs. 4-4.5 mm) long.

  5. Aporosa tetragona Tagane & V. S. Dang (Phyllanthaceae), a new species from Mt. Hon Ba, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tagane, Shuichiro; Dang, Van Son; Toyama, Hironori; Naiki, Akiyo; Hidetoshi Nagamasu; Yahara, Tetsukazu; Tran, Hop

    2015-01-01

    A new species, Aporosa tetragona Tagane & V. S. Dang, sp. nov., is described and illustrated from Mt. Hon Ba located in the Khanh Hoa Province, South Vietnam. This species is characterized by tetragonal pistillate flowers and fruits, which are clearly distinguishable from the other previously known species of the genus. The morphology and phylogeny based on rbcL and matK of this species indicated that the new species belongs to section Appendiculatae Pax & K. Hoffm.

  6. An evaluation of the quality of Turkish community pharmacy web sites concerning HON principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yegenoglu, Selen; Sozen, Bilge; Aslan, Dilek; Calgan, Zeynep; Cagirci, Simge

    2008-05-01

    The objective of this study was to find all the existing Web sites of Turkish community pharmacies and evaluate their "quality" in terms of Health on the Net (HON) Code of conduct principles. Multiple Internet search engines were used (google.com, yahoo.com, altavista.com, msn.com). While searching on the Internet, "eczane (pharmacy)" and "eczanesi (pharmacy of)" key words were used. The Internet search lasted for 2 months starting from March 1, 2007 until May 1, 2007. SPSS ver. 11.5 statistical program (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL) was used for data entry and analysis. At the end of the Internet search via all the indicated search engines, a total of 203 (all different from each other) community pharmacy Web sites were determined; of these, 14 were under construction and 6 were not accessible. As a result, 183 community pharmacy Web sites were included in the study. All of the Web sites could be accessed (100%). However, the availability of some characteristics of the pharmacies were quite poor. None of the pharmacies met all of the HON principles. Only 11 Web sites were appropriate in terms of complementarity (6.0%). Confidentiality criteria was met by only 14 pharmacies (7.7%). Nine pharmacies (4.9%) completed the "attribution" criteria. Among 183 pharmacy Web sites, the most met HON principle was the "transparency of authorship" (69 pharmacy Web sites; 37.7%). Because of the results of our study, the Turkish Pharmacists Association can take a pioneer role to apply some principles such as HON code of conduct in order to increase the quality of Turkish community pharmacists' Web sites.

  7. HON label and DISCERN as content quality indicators of health-related websites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khazaal, Yasser; Chatton, Anne; Zullino, Daniele; Khan, Riaz

    2012-03-01

    Content quality indicators are warranted in order to help patients and consumers to judge the content quality of health-related on-line information. The aim of the present study is to evaluate web-based information on health topics and to assess particular content quality indicators like HON (Health on the Net) and DISCERN. The present study is based on the analysis of data issued from six previous studies which assessed with a standardized tool the general and content quality (evidence-based health information) of health-related websites. Keywords related to Social phobia, bipolar disorders, pathological gambling as well as cannabis, alcohol and cocaine addiction were entered into popular World Wide Web search engines. Websites were assessed with a standardized proforma designed to rate sites on the basis of accountability, presentation, interactivity, readability and content quality (evidence-based information). "Health on the Net" (HON) quality label, and DISCERN scale scores were used to verify their efficiency as quality indicators. Of 874 websites identified, 388 were included. Despite an observed association with higher content quality scores, the HON label fails to predict good content quality websites when used in a multiple regression. Sensibility and specificity of a DISCERN score >40 in the detection of good content quality websites were, respectively, 0.45 and 0.96. The DISCERN is a potential quality indicator with a relatively high specificity. Further developments in this domain are warranted in order to facilitate the identification of high-quality information on the web by patients.

  8. La Justice et la Vengeance divine poursuivant le Crime. Pierre-Paul Prud’hon a emblematická tradice

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Konečný, Lubomír

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 63, 1/2 (2014), s. 86-93 ISSN 1211-7390 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Pierre-Paul Prud’hon * Nicolas Frochot * Marin Le Roy de Gomberville * Otto van Veen Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  9. A FPGA Implementation of the CAR-FAC Cochlear Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Xu

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a digital implementation of the Cascade of Asymmetric Resonators with Fast-Acting Compression (CAR-FAC cochlear model. The CAR part simulates the basilar membrane's (BM response to sound. The FAC part models the outer hair cell (OHC, the inner hair cell (IHC, and the medial olivocochlear efferent system functions. The FAC feeds back to the CAR by moving the poles and zeros of the CAR resonators automatically. We have implemented a 70-section, 44.1 kHz sampling rate CAR-FAC system on an Altera Cyclone V Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA with 18% ALM utilization by using time-multiplexing and pipeline parallelizing techniques and present measurement results here. The fully digital reconfigurable CAR-FAC system is stable, scalable, easy to use, and provides an excellent input stage to more complex machine hearing tasks such as sound localization, sound segregation, speech recognition, and so on.

  10. A FPGA Implementation of the CAR-FAC Cochlear Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ying; Thakur, Chetan S; Singh, Ram K; Hamilton, Tara Julia; Wang, Runchun M; van Schaik, André

    2018-01-01

    This paper presents a digital implementation of the Cascade of Asymmetric Resonators with Fast-Acting Compression (CAR-FAC) cochlear model. The CAR part simulates the basilar membrane's (BM) response to sound. The FAC part models the outer hair cell (OHC), the inner hair cell (IHC), and the medial olivocochlear efferent system functions. The FAC feeds back to the CAR by moving the poles and zeros of the CAR resonators automatically. We have implemented a 70-section, 44.1 kHz sampling rate CAR-FAC system on an Altera Cyclone V Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) with 18% ALM utilization by using time-multiplexing and pipeline parallelizing techniques and present measurement results here. The fully digital reconfigurable CAR-FAC system is stable, scalable, easy to use, and provides an excellent input stage to more complex machine hearing tasks such as sound localization, sound segregation, speech recognition, and so on.

  11. Project CHECO Southeast Asia Report. FAC Operations in Close Air Support Role in SVN

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Overton, James B

    1969-01-01

    This report addresses the role of the Forward Air Controller (FAC) in Southeast Asia. The various categories of FACs are discussed, including the function of the Ground FAC and the duties he performs...

  12. A green emissive amorphous fac-Alq3 solid generated by grinding crystalline blue fac-Alq3 powder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bi, Hai; Chen, Dong; Li, Di; Yuan, Yang; Xia, Dandan; Zhang, Zuolun; Zhang, Hongyu; Wang, Yue

    2011-04-14

    A novel green emissive Alq(3) solid with a facial isomeric form has been obtained by grinding the typical blue luminescent fac-Alq(3) crystalline powder. This is the first report, to the best of our knowledge, that a fac-Alq(3) isomer emits green light.

  13. Properties and behaviour of FAC currents in the inner magnetosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Junying; Dunlop, Malcolm; Yang, Yanyan; Xiong, Chao; Lühr, Hermann; Cao, Jinbin; Li, Liuyuan; Ma, Yuduan; Shen, Chao

    2017-04-01

    Cusp, region 1 and 2, and other large scale field-aligned currents (FACs), are sampled in situ by both the four Cluster spacecraft and by the three Swarm spacecraft at different altitudes, separated by a few to several Earth radii, and sometimes simultaneously. Here, the capability of Swarm-Cluster coordination for probing the behaviour of the field aligned currents (FACs) at medium and low orbits is explored. Joint signatures of R1 and R2 FACs (as well as cusp, R0 and NBZ currents) can be found and compared in terms of the magnetic signatures, using multi-spacecraft analysis where possible. Using the Swarm configuration, statistical correlation analysis of the local time variation of R1/R2 FACs can be shown and compared to standard MVA analysis. For context, we identify the associated auroral boundaries through application of a method to determine the FAC intensity gradients in order to interpret and resolve the R1 and R2 FACs. We also explore the relation of R2 FACs to the ring current properties measured in situ.

  14. Drivers of coastal shoreline change: case study of hon dat coast, Kien Giang, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hai-Hoa; McAlpine, Clive; Pullar, David; Leisz, Stephen Joseph; Galina, Gramotnev

    2015-05-01

    Coastal shorelines are naturally dynamic, shifting in response to coastal geomorphological processes. Globally, land use change associated with coastal urban development and growing human population pressures is accelerating coastal shoreline change. In southern Vietnam, coastal erosion currently is posing considerable risks to shoreline land use and coastal inhabitants. The aim of this paper is to quantify historical shoreline changes along the Hon Dat coast between 1995 and 2009, and to document the relationships between coastal mangrove composition, width and density, and rates of shoreline change. The generalized linear mixed-effects models were used to quantify the major biophysical and land-use factors influencing shoreline change rates. Most significant drivers of the rates of change are cutting of mangroves, the dominant mangrove genus, changes in adjacent shoreline land use, changes of shoreline land cover, and width of fringing mangroves. We suggest that a possible and inexpensive strategy for robust mangrove shoreline defense is direct mangrove planting to promote mangrove density with the presence of breakwater structures. In the shorter term, construction of coastal barriers such as fence-structured melaleuca poles in combination with mangrove restoration schemes could help retain coastal sediments and increase the elevation of the accretion zone, thereby helping to stabilize eroding fringe shorelines. It also is recommended that implementation of a system of payments for mangrove ecosystem services and the stronger regulation of mangrove cutting and unsustainable land-use change to strengthen the effectiveness of mangrove conservation programs and coastal land-use management.

  15. Drivers of Coastal Shoreline Change: Case Study of Hon Dat Coast, Kien Giang, Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Hai-Hoa; McAlpine, Clive; Pullar, David; Leisz, Stephen Joseph; Galina, Gramotnev

    2015-05-01

    Coastal shorelines are naturally dynamic, shifting in response to coastal geomorphological processes. Globally, land use change associated with coastal urban development and growing human population pressures is accelerating coastal shoreline change. In southern Vietnam, coastal erosion currently is posing considerable risks to shoreline land use and coastal inhabitants. The aim of this paper is to quantify historical shoreline changes along the Hon Dat coast between 1995 and 2009, and to document the relationships between coastal mangrove composition, width and density, and rates of shoreline change. The generalized linear mixed-effects models were used to quantify the major biophysical and land-use factors influencing shoreline change rates. Most significant drivers of the rates of change are cutting of mangroves, the dominant mangrove genus, changes in adjacent shoreline land use, changes of shoreline land cover, and width of fringing mangroves. We suggest that a possible and inexpensive strategy for robust mangrove shoreline defense is direct mangrove planting to promote mangrove density with the presence of breakwater structures. In the shorter term, construction of coastal barriers such as fence-structured melaleuca poles in combination with mangrove restoration schemes could help retain coastal sediments and increase the elevation of the accretion zone, thereby helping to stabilize eroding fringe shorelines. It also is recommended that implementation of a system of payments for mangrove ecosystem services and the stronger regulation of mangrove cutting and unsustainable land-use change to strengthen the effectiveness of mangrove conservation programs and coastal land-use management.

  16. Investigating the characteristics of FAC sites using CFD methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferng, Y.M.; Lina, B.H.; Feng, S.W.

    2010-01-01

    Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) is a serious degradation problem for piping systems especially in nuclear power plants since it may result in piping repair, plant shutdown, or even personnel injury. FAC is essentially a process of chemical corrosion accelerated by the flowing fluid. A CFD methodology from the hydrodynamic point of view is proposed to investigate the characteristics of FAC sites. This methodology mainly consists of the hydrodynamic CFD model and the FAC model. The qualitative distributions of severe FAC wear sites on the pipe wall surface are the main predicted results, which can assist the plant staff in scheduling the measured range of pipe wall monitoring program. The site distribution characteristics can be reasonably explained using the hydrodynamic parameters, including velocity, turbulence property, liquid fraction, etc. The piping systems, located in the balance of plant (BOP) in the PWR and BWR of Taiwan, are selected in the simulation works. Compared with the distributions of measured FAC sites, the present predicted results show reasonable agreement. (author)

  17. Hon-yaku: a biology-driven Bayesian methodology for identifying translation initiation sites in prokaryotes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Hoon Michiel JL

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Computational prediction methods are currently used to identify genes in prokaryote genomes. However, identification of the correct translation initiation sites remains a difficult task. Accurate translation initiation sites (TISs are important not only for the annotation of unknown proteins but also for the prediction of operons, promoters, and small non-coding RNA genes, as this typically makes use of the intergenic distance. A further problem is that most existing methods are optimized for Escherichia coli data sets; applying these methods to newly sequenced bacterial genomes may not result in an equivalent level of accuracy. Results Based on a biological representation of the translation process, we applied Bayesian statistics to create a score function for predicting translation initiation sites. In contrast to existing programs, our combination of methods uses supervised learning to optimally use the set of known translation initiation sites. We combined the Ribosome Binding Site (RBS sequence, the distance between the translation initiation site and the RBS sequence, the base composition of the start codon, the nucleotide composition (A-rich sequences following start codons, and the expected distribution of the protein length in a Bayesian scoring function. To further increase the prediction accuracy, we also took into account the operon orientation. The outcome of the procedure achieved a prediction accuracy of 93.2% in 858 E. coli genes from the EcoGene data set and 92.7% accuracy in a data set of 1243 Bacillus subtilis 'non-y' genes. We confirmed the performance in the GC-rich Gamma-Proteobacteria Herminiimonas arsenicoxydans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Burkholderia pseudomallei K96243. Conclusion Hon-yaku, being based on a careful choice of elements important in translation, improved the prediction accuracy in B. subtilis data sets and other bacteria except for E. coli. We believe that most remaining

  18. 48 CFR 301.607-75 - Maintenance of FAC-P/PM certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Maintenance of FAC-P/PM... 301.607-75 Maintenance of FAC-P/PM certification. (a) FAC-P/PM certification lasts for 2 years. To maintain FAC-P/PM certification, HHS Program and Project Managers are required to earn 80 CLPs of skills...

  19. 48 CFR 301.603-72 - FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FAC-C and HHS SAC... Responsibilities 301.603-72 FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements. (a) The FAC-C certification program is... thereunder are not required to re-take training courses, but shall follow FAC-C training requirements when...

  20. 7 CFR 1945.18 - United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Agriculture Council (FAC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and Agriculture Council (FAC). 1945.18 Section 1945.18 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... Agriculture Council (FAC). There is a USDA FAC established by the Secretary to serve every State and every County in the United States. The FACs are responsible for reporting the occurrence of and assessing the...

  1. Six key elements' analysis of FAC effective management in nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhong Zhaojiang; Chen Hanming

    2010-01-01

    Corporate Commitment, Analysis, Operating Experience, Inspection, Training and Engineering Judgment, Long-Term Strategy are the six key elements of FAC effective management in nuclear power plant. Corporate commitment is the economy base of FAC management and ensure of management system, Analysis is the method of FAC's optimization and consummation, Operating experience is the reference and complementarity of FAC, Inspection is the base of accumulating FAC data, Training and engineering judgment is the technical complementarity and deepening, Long-term strategy is successful key of FAC management. Six key elements supplement each other, and make up of a full system of FAC effective management. For present FAC management in our national nuclear power plant, six key elements are the core and bring out the best in each other to found the FAC effective management system and prevent great FAC occurrence. (authors)

  2. EquiFACS: The Equine Facial Action Coding System.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jen Wathan

    Full Text Available Although previous studies of horses have investigated their facial expressions in specific contexts, e.g. pain, until now there has been no methodology available that documents all the possible facial movements of the horse and provides a way to record all potential facial configurations. This is essential for an objective description of horse facial expressions across a range of contexts that reflect different emotional states. Facial Action Coding Systems (FACS provide a systematic methodology of identifying and coding facial expressions on the basis of underlying facial musculature and muscle movement. FACS are anatomically based and document all possible facial movements rather than a configuration of movements associated with a particular situation. Consequently, FACS can be applied as a tool for a wide range of research questions. We developed FACS for the domestic horse (Equus caballus through anatomical investigation of the underlying musculature and subsequent analysis of naturally occurring behaviour captured on high quality video. Discrete facial movements were identified and described in terms of the underlying muscle contractions, in correspondence with previous FACS systems. The reliability of others to be able to learn this system (EquiFACS and consistently code behavioural sequences was high--and this included people with no previous experience of horses. A wide range of facial movements were identified, including many that are also seen in primates and other domestic animals (dogs and cats. EquiFACS provides a method that can now be used to document the facial movements associated with different social contexts and thus to address questions relevant to understanding social cognition and comparative psychology, as well as informing current veterinary and animal welfare practices.

  3. MAC/FAC: A Model of Similarity-Based Retrieval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbus, Kenneth D.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Presents MAC/FAC, a model of similarity-based retrieval that attempts to capture psychological phenomena; discusses its limitations and extensions, its relationship with other retrieval models, and its placement in the context of other work on the nature of similarity. Examines the utility of the model through psychological experiments and…

  4. Ion acoustic instability of HPT particles, FAC density, anomalous ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    electromagnetic field grow at the expense of the electron kinetic energy and as a result, vari- ous instabilities set in. The magnetometer data indicate that these waves are spatially corre- lated with perturbations; we interpret them as field aligned current (FAC) layers directed into and out of the auroral ionosphere. Kinetic the-.

  5. Ion acoustic instability of HPT particles, FAC density, anomalous ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The intense FAC destabilizes the ion acoustic wave and the resultant electrostatic turbulence creates an anomalous resistivity. The current driven resistivity produces parallel electric field and high power dissipation. The anomalous resistivity , potential differnece along the auroral field lines ∥, intensity of electric field ...

  6. Systematic notes on Asian birds. 46. ‘A Catalogue of the Birds in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company’ by Horsfield & Moore

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dickinson, E.C.

    2004-01-01

    Ornithological literature has been extremely inconsistent in assigning authorship for the new names proposed in ‘A Catalogue of the Birds in The Museum of the Hon. East-India Company’ by Horsfield & Moore, or by Moore in parallel to it. The corrected dates of separate publications by Moore and the

  7. 48 CFR 301.607-76 - FAC-P/PM application process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FAC-P/PM application... 301.607-76 FAC-P/PM application process. The P/PM Handbook contains application procedures and forms...; recertification; and certification waiver. Applicants for HHS FAC-P/PM certification actions shall comply with the...

  8. Impact of flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) on feeder refurbishment planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jyrkama, M.; Pandey, M.

    2010-01-01

    Feeder wall thinning due to flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) may result in a large number of feeder replacements in the future. In this study, the process of FAC is modelled using a probabilistic approach and used to predict the expected number of degraded feeders and their replacements in the future. Because of the high cost associated with feeder replacements, it may be optimal to replace the entire feeder population during a single refurbishment outage when the unit cost of replacement is likely to be less. The results of this study demonstrate, however, that the unit cost of feeder replacement must be sufficiently lower than the standard replacement cost and the refurbishment performed at an optimal time to realize the economic benefits associated with the refurbishment. (author)

  9. Possibility of Ionospheric Cause of FACs and Convection Field in the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere System: The Harang Reversal, Premidnight Upward-FAC, and the Ionospheric Hall Polarization Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamizo, A.; Yoshikawa, A.

    2016-12-01

    Whereas it is generally thought that Birkeland Currents (FACs) are generated in the magnetosphere and that the ionospheric convection reflects the magnetospheric convection, we present a possibility that the ionosphere drives FACs and the convection field in the M-I system. We apply this idea to the Harang Reversal (HR) for demonstration. By using an ionospheric potential solver we calculate the electrostatic field for given distributions of FACs and conductance. The result shows that a conspicuous structure resembling HR is generated even for a symmetric distribution of the R1-type FACs and that the Hall polarization field is produced at the equatorward boundary of the auroral region as the primary currents diverge/converge at the conductance gradient there, which causes the potential deformation (HR). Conventionally HR has been considered to be of the magnetospheric origin, and a ring current model actually produces the corresponding structure in the magnetosphere [e.g., Erickson et al., 1991]. Observationally the divE equivalent to HR is consistent with the premidnight upward-FAC seen in Iijima and Potemra's diagram. A recent theoretical study [Ohtani et al., 2016] proposes that HR is a required structure for the interchange stability of the magnetotail in the presence of the R1 and R2-FAC systems including a premidnight upward-FAC. Returning to our result, the important point is that HR is reproduced at the conductance edge by the ionospheric polarization field, for which the primary field originates from the R1-FACs distributed far from that region. We also suggest: (i) In a more realistic finite ΣA, the total ionospheric polarization is partly released by a FAC, which may be a part of the premidnight upward-FAC. (ii) However, existing simulation models do not allow this type of current closure, and accordingly they may enhance the HR structure in the magnetosphere. This discussion should hold generally and would promote the global M-I coupling studies to the

  10. mer and fac isomerism in tris chelate diimine metal complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dabb, Serin L; Fletcher, Nicholas C

    2015-03-14

    In this perspective, we highlight the issue of meridional (mer) and facial (fac) orientation of asymmetrical diimines in tris-chelate transition metal complexes. Diimine ligands have long been the workhorse of coordination chemistry, and whilst there are now good strategies to isolate materials where the inherent metal centered chirality is under almost complete control, and systematic methodologies to isolate heteroleptic complexes, the conceptually simple geometrical isomerism has not been widely investigated. In systems where the two donor atoms are significantly different in terms of the σ-donor and π-accepting ability, the fac isomer is likely to be the thermodynamic product. For the diimine complexes with two trigonal planar nitrogen atoms there is much more subtlety to the system, and external factors such as the solvent, lattice packing and the various steric considerations play a delicate role in determining the observed and isolable product. In this article we discuss the possibilities to control the isomeric ratio in labile systems, consider the opportunities to separate inert complexes and discuss the observed differences in their spectroscopic properties. Finally we report on the ligand orientation in supramolecular systems where facial coordination leads to simple regular structures such as helicates and tetrahedra, but the ability of the ligand system to adopt a mer orientation enables self-assembled structures of considerable beauty and complexity.

  11. Effect of Cr content on the FAC of pipe material at 150 .deg. C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, Tae Jun; Kim, Hong Pyo

    2013-01-01

    Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) of the carbon steel piping in nuclear power plants (NPPs) has been major issue in nuclear industry. During the FAC, a protective oxide layer on carbon steel dissolves into flowing water leading to a thinning of the oxide layer and accelerating corrosion of base material. As a result, severe failures may occur in the piping and equipment of NPPs. Effect of alloying elements on FAC of pipe materials was studied with rotating cylinder FAC test facility at 150 .deg. C and at flow velocity of 4m/s. The facility is equipped with on line monitoring of pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen(DO) and temperature. Test solution was the demineralized water, and DO concentration was less than 1 ppb. Surface appearance of A 106 Gr. B which is used widely in secondary pipe in NPPs showed orange peel appearance, typical appearance of FAC. The materials with Cr content higher than 0.17wt.% showed pit. The pit is thought to early degradation mode of FAC. The corrosion product within the pit was enriched with Cr, Mo, Cu, Ni and S. But S was not detected in SA336 F22V with 2.25wt.% Cr. The enrichment of Cr and Mo seemed to be related with low, solubility of Cr and Mo compared to Fe. Measured FAC rate was compared with Ducreaux's relationship and showed slightly lower FAC rate than Ducreaux's relationship

  12. Effect of Cr content on the FAC of pipe material at 150 .deg. C

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Tae Jun; Kim, Hong Pyo [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-06-15

    Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) of the carbon steel piping in nuclear power plants (NPPs) has been major issue in nuclear industry. During the FAC, a protective oxide layer on carbon steel dissolves into flowing water leading to a thinning of the oxide layer and accelerating corrosion of base material. As a result, severe failures may occur in the piping and equipment of NPPs. Effect of alloying elements on FAC of pipe materials was studied with rotating cylinder FAC test facility at 150 .deg. C and at flow velocity of 4m/s. The facility is equipped with on line monitoring of pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen(DO) and temperature. Test solution was the demineralized water, and DO concentration was less than 1 ppb. Surface appearance of A 106 Gr. B which is used widely in secondary pipe in NPPs showed orange peel appearance, typical appearance of FAC. The materials with Cr content higher than 0.17wt.% showed pit. The pit is thought to early degradation mode of FAC. The corrosion product within the pit was enriched with Cr, Mo, Cu, Ni and S. But S was not detected in SA336 F22V with 2.25wt.% Cr. The enrichment of Cr and Mo seemed to be related with low, solubility of Cr and Mo compared to Fe. Measured FAC rate was compared with Ducreaux's relationship and showed slightly lower FAC rate than Ducreaux's relationship.

  13. Evaluation of galectin binding by frontal affinity chromatography (FAC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwaki, Jun; Hirabayashi, Jun

    2015-01-01

    Frontal affinity chromatography (FAC) is a simple and versatile procedure enabling quantitative determination of diverse biological interactions in terms of dissociation constants (K d), even though these interactions are relatively weak. The method is best applied to glycans and their binding proteins, with the analytical system operating on the basis of highly reproducible isocratic elution by liquid chromatography. Its application to galectins has been successfully developed to characterize their binding specificities in detail. As a result, their minimal requirements for recognition of disaccharides, i.e., β-galactosides, as well as characteristic features of individual galectins, have been elucidated. In this chapter, we describe standard procedures to determine the K d's for interactions between a series of standard glycans and various galectins.

  14. As facções cariocas em perspectiva comparativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Lessing

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Entre os especialistas em segurança pública, tornou-se lugar-comum a idéia de que a guerra do tráfico no Rio de Janeiro é totalmente única no Brasil. Porém, essa afirmação é imprecisa. Organizações de narcotráfico em muitos aspectos comparáveis às facções cariocas existem em outros contextos urbanos. O que as diferencia é menos a capacidade de estabelecer o monopólio local sobre o comércio de drogas do que a resiliência da sua estrutura interna e, portanto, a duração da sua existência e dominação. Durante uma pesquisa de campo em nove comunidades de periferia de três cidades, observei não apenas uma alta variação nos graus de concentração entre os mercados locais de drogas, mas também de variação com o tempo dentro da mesma comunidade. Desta perspectiva, a estabilidade do mercado de drogas altamente concentrado do Rio de Janeiro pode ser visto como um equilíbrio único, no qual as forças de fragmentação operantes em outras cidades são neutralizadas por características específicas das facções cariocas. O meu argumento é o de que tais características decorrem do domínio exercido pelas facções sobre o sistema penitenciário desde antes do início da sua expansão para o comércio de drogas.It has become a commonplace that Rio de Janeiro’s guerra do tráfico is entirely unique within Brazil. In fact, this is inaccurate. Drug trafficking organizations that in many respects resemble Rio’s facções do exist in other urban contexts. What differentiates them is less the ability to establish a local monopoly on the drug trade than the resilience of their internal structure, and consequently the duration of their existence and domination. During field research in nine peripheral communities in three cities, I observed not only high variation in the degree of concentration between local drug markets, but also variation over time within single communities. In this light, the stability of Rio’s highly

  15. Blend Shape Interpolation and FACS for Realistic Avatar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkawaz, Mohammed Hazim; Mohamad, Dzulkifli; Basori, Ahmad Hoirul; Saba, Tanzila

    2015-03-01

    The quest of developing realistic facial animation is ever-growing. The emergence of sophisticated algorithms, new graphical user interfaces, laser scans and advanced 3D tools imparted further impetus towards the rapid advancement of complex virtual human facial model. Face-to-face communication being the most natural way of human interaction, the facial animation systems became more attractive in the information technology era for sundry applications. The production of computer-animated movies using synthetic actors are still challenging issues. Proposed facial expression carries the signature of happiness, sadness, angry or cheerful, etc. The mood of a particular person in the midst of a large group can immediately be identified via very subtle changes in facial expressions. Facial expressions being very complex as well as important nonverbal communication channel are tricky to synthesize realistically using computer graphics. Computer synthesis of practical facial expressions must deal with the geometric representation of the human face and the control of the facial animation. We developed a new approach by integrating blend shape interpolation (BSI) and facial action coding system (FACS) to create a realistic and expressive computer facial animation design. The BSI is used to generate the natural face while the FACS is employed to reflect the exact facial muscle movements for four basic natural emotional expressions such as angry, happy, sad and fear with high fidelity. The results in perceiving the realistic facial expression for virtual human emotions based on facial skin color and texture may contribute towards the development of virtual reality and game environment of computer aided graphics animation systems.

  16. A new FACS approach isolates hESC derived endoderm using transcription factors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuqiong Pan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available We show that high quality microarray gene expression profiles can be obtained following FACS sorting of cells using combinations of transcription factors. We use this transcription factor FACS (tfFACS methodology to perform a genomic analysis of hESC-derived endodermal lineages marked by combinations of SOX17, GATA4, and CXCR4, and find that triple positive cells have a much stronger definitive endoderm signature than other combinations of these markers. Additionally, SOX17(+ GATA4(+ cells can be obtained at a much earlier stage of differentiation, prior to expression of CXCR4(+ cells, providing an important new tool to isolate this earlier definitive endoderm subtype. Overall, tfFACS represents an advancement in FACS technology which broadly crosses multiple disciplines, most notably in regenerative medicine to redefine cellular populations.

  17. Image files of PCR data plotted on the FACS profiles - Plabrain DB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available List Contact us Plabrain DB Image files of PCR data plotted on the FACS profiles Data detail Data name Image files of PCR data plotte...s FACS-based single-cell PCR data was plotted on the FACS profile, in which cells are sorted by DNA content ...d License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Image files of PCR data plotted on the FACS profiles - Plabrain DB | LSDB Archive ...

  18. 48 CFR 301.603-74 - Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. 301.603-74 Section 301.603-74 Federal Acquisition Regulations..., Contracting Authority, and Responsibilities 301.603-74 Requirement for retention of FAC-C and HHS SAC certification. To maintain FAC-C certification, all warranted Contracting Officers, regardless of series, as...

  19. Individualized FAC on bottom tab subassemblies to minimize adhesive gap between emitter and optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauer, Sebastian; Müller, Tobias; Haag, Sebastian; Beleke, Andreas; Zontar, Daniel; Baum, Christoph; Brecher, Christian

    2017-02-01

    High Power Diode Laser (HPDL) systems with short focal length fast-axis collimators (FAC) require submicron assembly precision. Conventional FAC-Lens assembly processes require adhesive gaps of 50 microns or more in order to compensate for component tolerances (e.g. deviation of back focal length) and previous assembly steps. In order to control volumetric shrinkage of fast-curing UV-adhesives shrinkage compensation is mandatory. The novel approach described in this paper aims to minimize the impact of volumetric shrinkage due to the adhesive gap between HPDL edge emitters and FAC-Lens. Firstly, the FAC is actively aligned to the edge emitter without adhesives or bottom tab. The relative position and orientation of FAC to emitter are measured and stored. Consecutively, an individual subassembly of FAC and bottom tab is assembled on Fraunhofer IPT's mounting station with a precision of +/-1 micron. Translational and lateral offsets can be compensated, so that a narrow and uniform glue gap for the consecutive bonding process of bottom tab to heatsink applies (Figure 4). Accordingly, FAC and bottom tab are mounted to the heatsink without major shrinkage compensation. Fraunhofer IPT's department assembly of optical systems and automation has made several publications regarding active alignment of FAC lenses [SPIE LASE 8241-12], volumetric shrinkage compensation [SPIE LASE 9730-28] and FAC on bottom tab assembly [SPIE LASE 9727-31] in automated production environments. The approach described in this paper combines these and is the logical continuation of that work towards higher quality of HPDLs.

  20. Effect of flow field and mass transfer rate on the evaluation of FAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tsuji, Yoshiyuki; Kondo, Masaya

    2012-01-01

    Flow Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) is one of the issues to be noticed considerably in plant piping management. For the integrity and safety of the plant, the wall-thinning and thinning rate due to FAC should be clearly predicted in pipe wall inspection. In this paper, we study FAC from the view point of flow dynamics. The mass transfer coefficient is measured by the electrochemical method behind the orifice. Changing the orifice size, the peak location of mass transfer coefficient and its maximum value is evaluated by the flow condition and orifice parameter. The future problems are briefly summarized. (author)

  1. Safe sorting of GFP-transduced live cells for subsequent culture using a modified FACS vantage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, T U; Gram, G J; Nielsen, S D

    1999-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A stream-in-air cell sorter enables rapid sorting to a high purity, but it is not well suited for sorting of infectious material due to the risk of airborne spread to the surroundings. METHODS: A FACS Vantage cell sorter was modified for safe use with potentially HIV infected cells...... culture. CONCLUSIONS: Sorting of live infected cells can be performed safely and with no deleterious effects on vector expression using the modified FACS Vantage instrument....

  2. Parameters influencing flow-accelerated corrosion (FAC) in the secondary side of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khatibi, M.; Lister, D.H.; Feicht, A.; Liu, L.; Uchida, S.; Fujiwara, K.; Ohira, T.; Takiguchi, H.; Hisanume, K.

    2009-01-01

    Thermal power plants have reported excessive pipe degradation because of Flow-Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) since the 1960s. Common features have been the use of carbon steel in regions of high flow rate and high turbulence with a water chemistry of modest alkalinity and free of oxidizing agents. It can be concluded that the main parameters that affect FAC are flow dynamics, water chemistry and composition of the materials used in pipework and components. A clear indication of FAC is the rapid wall thinning, usually in the presence of distinct flow-related markings, or scallops, on the surface. On more than one occasion, FAC has been responsible for large pipe failures that have led to serious damage and in some cases fatalities. After such a failure at the Mihama-3 PWR in 2004, a collaborative research program between Canada and Japan was initiated to improve the understanding of FAC by studying both the individual and the synergistic effects of feed-water system parameters. In an experimental water loop, three test sections were installed in series. Test section 1 contained probes made of the carbon steel of interest to measure on-line the FAC rate and electrochemical corrosion potential (ECP). Test sections 2 and 3 contained surface analysis probes for examination after removal via optical, SEM and Raman, techniques. The effects of flow and other parameters on FAC were studied using probes of different bore size, different material and several flow rates. Experiments were performed under neutral and ammoniated chemistries in de-oxygenated and oxygenated water. Threshold concentrations of oxygen to stifle FAC were determined. The individual and combined effects of system variables have now been determined in some detail and are presented here. (author)

  3. Development of Evaluation Technology for Prevention of Two-Phase FAC on Carbon Steel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Kyung Mo; Shim, Heesang; Lee, Eun Hee; Hur, Do Haeng [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-05-15

    There are many pipelines to be managed from wall thinning by flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) in the secondary system of a nuclear power. FAC is a process in which a normally protective oxide layer on the internal carbon or low-alloy steel piping surface dissolves into a stream of flowing water or a wet steam mixture. In this process, the oxide layer becomes thinner and the corrosion rate increases until the corrosion rate and dissolution rates are equal. Recent researches and reports indicate that the FAC problem is prevalent in spite of the development of an inspection method and management skills applying computer programs. Therefore, it is important to mitigate or prevent FAC on the carbon steel, and surface coating technology has been investigated for pipeline systems in a steam flow. Since the occurrence of a Surry-2 pipe rupture accident, a lot of effort has been made to manage the FAC of carbon steel piping. Some of the chemicals were known as a corrosion inhibitor. Bateman et al. reported that the addition of Ti may decrease the FAC rate of carbon steel by ∼ 65 %, TiO{sub 2} was also effective in mitigating the stress corrosion cracking of steam generator tubes under concentrated crevice conditions. A platinum doping method was applied as another mitigation strategy of carbon steel wall thinning. Noble metal, including Pt, had produced the layers of a very high catalyst concentration and this catalytic effect induced a lower corrosion potential for nickel alloys.

  4. Development of Evaluation Technology for Prevention of Two-Phase FAC on Carbon Steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Kyung Mo; Shim, Heesang; Lee, Eun Hee; Hur, Do Haeng

    2014-01-01

    There are many pipelines to be managed from wall thinning by flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) in the secondary system of a nuclear power. FAC is a process in which a normally protective oxide layer on the internal carbon or low-alloy steel piping surface dissolves into a stream of flowing water or a wet steam mixture. In this process, the oxide layer becomes thinner and the corrosion rate increases until the corrosion rate and dissolution rates are equal. Recent researches and reports indicate that the FAC problem is prevalent in spite of the development of an inspection method and management skills applying computer programs. Therefore, it is important to mitigate or prevent FAC on the carbon steel, and surface coating technology has been investigated for pipeline systems in a steam flow. Since the occurrence of a Surry-2 pipe rupture accident, a lot of effort has been made to manage the FAC of carbon steel piping. Some of the chemicals were known as a corrosion inhibitor. Bateman et al. reported that the addition of Ti may decrease the FAC rate of carbon steel by ∼ 65 %, TiO 2 was also effective in mitigating the stress corrosion cracking of steam generator tubes under concentrated crevice conditions. A platinum doping method was applied as another mitigation strategy of carbon steel wall thinning. Noble metal, including Pt, had produced the layers of a very high catalyst concentration and this catalytic effect induced a lower corrosion potential for nickel alloys

  5. The importance of area scaling with FACS DIVA software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazen, Amy L; Bushnell, Timothy; Haviland, David L

    2018-02-01

    With the release and use of the Becton Dickenson FACS Diva Software, the use of Area as the default parameter came into play. As such, the use of area as a calculated parameter, methods were needed to be employed to ensure doublet discrimination and proper display on standard FSC/SSC. Improper setting of forward area scaling can alter the display cell populations. This combined with improper area gating strategy can lead to doublet inclusion which in sorting rare events can compromise sort purity. In extreme cases where area scaling with the individual lasers is ignored, differences can exist between Area and Height where compensation will likely not be optimal, particularly if one parameter - usually height is saturated. In addition, area scaling can impact population grouping. As FSC and individual laser area scaling is a function of event size, the most common error is to accept the setting determined by CS&T, which are 3.2 µm particles and proceed with the sample(s) without regard to the sample's actual size. With cellular events smaller or more likely larger than the CS&T beads, this will make the area scaling settings less than optimal. Analysis and sorting rare events with populations larger than the CS&T beads can be compromised if adjustments in FSC area scaling are not addressed. Proper FSC and laser area scaling must be determined empirically for each sample. Examples of the effects of sample size on area scaling will be presented in addition to gating and templates for determining area scaling. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Effects of materials and water chemistry factors on FAC rate of carbon steels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Watanabe, Yutaka; Abe, Hiroshi

    2011-01-01

    Pipe wall thinning due to flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) is one of the most important degradation modes which can take place in nuclear power plants. Potential area of FAC is widespread in piping systems and probability of pipe failure due to FAC is relatively high compared to other causes. FAC is a complex phenomenon, where mass transfer under turbulent flow, chemical reactions at interfaces, and mass diffusion in oxide scales cooperatively or competitively interact. Among a number of influencing parameters for FAC rate, this paper focuses on Cr in carbon steels and pH of water. pH is the primary water chemistry parameter to manage FAC susceptibility of the whole piping systems. Small amount of Cr has a significant effect for improving resistance of the carbon steels to FAC. This fact offers an effective countermeasure for FAC mitigation by using Cr modified steels, but, at the same time, the Cr dependence could give difficult problems, when we manage pipe wall thinning with thickness inspections. In a procedure to sample piping lines and locations of thickness measurement, we may need to take into account Cr content of the pipes picked up for the inspection. We also need to pay attention on difference in Cr content between pipes and weld filler metal, even though the absolute Cr levels of the both steels are minor. In the cases that Cr content of weld metal is lower than that of pipe materials, circumferential grooving may form along the weld. Basically, effects of those material and water chemistry factors can be attributed to oxide scale properties, such as solubility to water, porosity, semiconductor property, etc. This paper briefly reviews experimental data of Cr, Ni, Cu effects and of pH effects, including both widely recognized 'historical' data and recent data on combined effects of Cr content and pH obtained by the authors. Characteristics of oxide scales formed in the FAC experiments, such as defect characteristics and Cr enrichment distribution, and

  7. Prospective randomized trial of 5-fluorouracil, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FAC) versus paclitaxel and FAC (TFAC) in patients with operable breast cancer: impact of taxane chemotherapy on locoregional control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albert, Jeffrey M; Buzdar, Aman U; Guzman, Reina; Allen, Pamela K; Strom, Eric A; Perkins, George H; Woodward, Wendy A; Hoffman, Karen E; Tereffe, Welela; Hunt, Kelly K; Buchholz, Thomas A; Oh, Julia L

    2011-07-01

    A previous randomized trial (CALGB 9344/Intergroup 0148) compared four cycles of adjuvant doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide (AC) to four cycles of AC plus four cycles of paclitaxel (AC + T) and demonstrated that the addition of paclitaxel improved locoregional control (LRC) in patients with node-positive breast cancer. However, it could not be determined whether it was the paclitaxel or the increased duration of chemotherapy that led to this improvement. The present study aimed to analyze whether the addition of paclitaxel to a doxorubicin-based regimen improves LRC in a cohort of patients who all received eight total cycles of chemotherapy. Five hundred eleven women with operable breast cancer were randomized on a single-institution prospective trial to receive 5-fluorouracil, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide (FAC) × 8 cycles (n = 252) or FAC × 4 cycles plus paclitaxel × 4 cycles (TFAC) (n = 259). Rates of LRC and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. Median follow-up was 124 months (range 5-167 months). The 10-year LRC rate was 92.6 versus 93.1% in the FAC versus TFAC arms, respectively (P = 0.26). The LRC between treatment arms did not differ when analyzed by locoregional treatment group: breast conservation therapy (BCT), mastectomy alone (M), and mastectomy + radiation (M + RT). The 10-year LRC rates were 95.1% (FAC) versus 91.2% (TFAC) after BCT (P = 0.98), 89.5% (FAC) versus 93.4% (TFAC) after M (P = 0.24), and 94.7% (FAC) versus 96.5% (TFAC) after M + RT (P = 0.59). Additionally, there was no difference in OS between the treatment arms, with 10-year OS rates of 78.4% (FAC) versus 81.7% (TFAC) (P = 0.93). The addition of paclitaxel to a doxorubicin-based regimen had no impact on LRC, regardless of the type of local therapy received. Historically inferior LRC with AC chemotherapy alone versus AC + T may have been due to an inadequate duration of systemic therapy and not due to the absence of paclitaxel.

  8. Coordinated aqua vs methanol substitution kinetics in fac-Re(I) tricarbonyl tropolonato complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schutte, Marietjie; Roodt, Andreas; Visser, Hendrik G

    2012-11-05

    Water-soluble fac-[Re(CO)(3)(L,L'-Bid)(X)] (L,L'-Bid = tropolonato, X = H(2)O, methanol) complexes have been synthesized, and the aqua and methanol substitution reactions were investigated in water (pH range 6.3-10.0) and methanol, respectively, and compared. Thiocyanate ions were used as monodentate entering ligand. The complexes were characterized by UV-vis, IR, and NMR spectroscopy. The crystal structures of the complexes [NEt(4)] fac-[Re(Trop)(CO)(3)(H(2)O)].NO(3).H(2)O (reactant) and fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Trop)(Py)], a substitution product, are reported. Overall it was found that the aqua substitution of fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Trop)(H(2)O)] is about 10 times faster than the methanol substitution reaction for fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Trop)(MeOH)], with forward and reverse rate and stability constants [k(1) (M(-1) s(-1)), k(-1) (s(-1)), K(1), (M(-1))] for thiocyanate as monodentate entering ligand as follows: fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Trop)(H(2)O)] = 2.54 ± 0.03, 0.0077 ± 0.0005, 330 ± 22/207 ± 14 and fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Trop)(MeOH)] = 0.268 ± 0.002, 0.0044 ± 0.0002, (61 ± 3)/(52 ± 4). The activation parameters [ΔH(‡)(k1) (kJ mol(-1)), ΔS(‡)(k1) (J K(-1) mol(-1))] for the aqua and methanol complex respectively are 56.1 ± 0.7, -49 ± 2 and 64 ± 1, -43 ± 5.

  9. Thermally induced defluorination during a mer to fac transformation of a blue-green phosphorescent cyclometalated iridium(III) complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Yonghao; Batsanov, Andrei S; Edkins, Robert M; Beeby, Andrew; Bryce, Martin R

    2012-01-02

    The new homoleptic tris-cyclometalated [Ir(C^N)(3)] complexes mer-8, fac-8, and fac-9 incorporating γ-carboline ligands are reported. Reaction of 3-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-5-(2-ethylhexyl)-pyrido[4,3-b]indole 6 with iridium(III) chloride under standard cyclometalating conditions gave the homoleptic complex mer-8 in 63% yield. The X-ray crystal structure of mer-8 is described. The Ir-C and Ir-N bonds show the expected bond length alternations for the differing trans influence of phenyl and pyridyl ligands. mer-8 quantitatively isomerized to fac-8 upon irradiation with UV light. However, heating mer-8 at 290 °C in glycerol led to an unusual regioselective loss of one fluorine atom from each of the ligands, yielding fac-9 in 58% yield. fac-8 is thermally very stable: no decomposition was observed when fac-8 was heated in glycerol at 290 °C for 48 h. The γ-carboline system of fac-8 enhances thermal stability compared to the pyridyl analogue fac-Ir(46dfppy)(3)10, which decomposes extensively upon being heated in glycerol at 290 °C for 2 h. Complexes mer-8, fac-8, and fac-9 are emitters of blue-green light (λ(max)(em) = 477, 476, and 494 nm, respectively). The triplet lifetimes for fac-8 and fac-9 are ~4.5 μs at room temperature; solution Φ(PL) values are 0.31 and 0.22, respectively.

  10. Cardiovascular effects of Phaleria macrocarpa extracts combined with mainstay FAC regimen for breast cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anggadiredja, Kusnandar; Tjandrawinata, Raymond R

    2015-01-01

    DLBS1425 is a bioactive compound extracted from Phaleria macrocarpa, with anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic properties against cancer cells. The present study was aimed to assess cardiotoxicity of DLBS1425, compared to the mainstay regimen for breast cancer, 5-fluorouracil:doxorubicin:cyclophosphamide (FAC, given at 500/50/500 mg/m(2)). Treatment with FAC regimen at standard dose resulted in very severe toxicity, so mice had no chance to survive for more than 7 days following initial drug treatment. Furthermore, histological examination on the heart revealed severe muscular damage when mice were given the FAC regimen alone (severe toxicity). FAC as chemotherapeutic regimen exerted high toxicity profile to the cardiovascular cells in this experiment. Meanwhile, treatment with DLBS1425 alone up to a dose equivalent to as high as 300 mg three times daily in human had no hazardous consequences on the heart, hematological feature, as well as general safety. In the cardiovascular cells, DLBS1425 in the presence of FAC regimen (one-eight of the initial dose) gave protection to the cardiac muscle cells as well as other hematological features. Taken together, results of the present study suggest that DLBS1425 is safe when used as adjuvant therapy for breast cancer and may be even protective against cardiac cellular damage produced by chemotherapeutic regimen.

  11. Flow Accelerated Erosion-Corrosion (FAC) considerations for secondary side piping in the AP1000R nuclear power plant design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vanderhoff, J. F.; Rao, G. V.; Stein, A.

    2012-01-01

    The issue of Flow Accelerated Erosion-Corrosion (FAC) in power plant piping is a known phenomenon that has resulted in material replacements and plant accidents in operating power plants. Therefore, it is important for FAC resistance to be considered in the design of new nuclear power plants. This paper describes the design considerations related to FAC that were used to develop a safe and robust AP1000 R plant secondary side piping design. The primary FAC influencing factors include: - Fluid Temperature - Pipe Geometry/layout - Fluid Chemistry - Fluid Velocity - Pipe Material Composition - Moisture Content (in steam lines) Due to the unknowns related to the relative impact of the influencing factors and the complexities of the interactions between these factors, it is difficult to accurately predict the expected wear rate in a given piping segment in a new plant. This paper provides: - a description of FAC and the factors that influence the FAC degradation rate, - an assessment of the level of FAC resistance of AP1000 R secondary side system piping, - an explanation of options to increase FAC resistance and associated benefits/cost, - discussion of development of a tool for predicting FAC degradation rate in new nuclear power plants. (authors)

  12. ENDEAVOUR: Phase 3 Multicenter Study of Revusiran (ALN-TTRSC) in Patients With Transthyretin (TTR) Mediated Familial Amyloidotic Cardiomyopathy (FAC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-08

    Transthyretin (TTR) Mediated Familial Amyloidotic Cardiomyopathy (FAC); Amyloidosis, Hereditary; Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial; Amyloid Neuropathies; Amyloidosis, Hereditary, Transthyretin-Related; Familial Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis

  13. Intermolecular interactions and aggregation of fac-tris(2-phenylpyridinato-C2,N)iridium(III) in nonpolar solvents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takayasu, Satoshi; Suzuki, Takayoshi; Shinozaki, Kazuteru

    2013-08-15

    The intermolecular interaction and aggregation of the neutral complex fac-tris(2-phenylpyridinato-C(2),N)iridium(III) (fac-Ir(ppy)3) in solution was investigated. Intermolecular interactions were found to effectively decrease the luminescence lifetime via self-quenching with increasing fac-Ir(ppy)3 concentrations. A Stern-Volmer plot for quenching in acetonitrile was linear, due to bimolecular self-quenching, but curved in toluene as the result of excimer formation. (1)H NMR spectra demonstrated a monomer-aggregate equilibrium which resulted in spectral shifts depending on solvent polarity. X-ray crystallography provided structural information concerning the aggregate, which is based on a tetramer consisting of two Δ-fac-Ir(ppy)3-Λ-fac-Ir(ppy)3 pairs. Offset π-π stacking of ppy ligands and electrostatic dipole-dipole interactions between complex molecules play an important role in the formation of these molecular pairs.

  14. Fac-Back-OPAC: An Open Source Interface to Your Library System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beccaria, Mike; Scott, Dan

    2007-01-01

    The new Fac-Back-OPAC (a faceted backup OPAC) is built on code that was originally developed by Casey Durfee in February 2007. It represents the convergence of two prominent trends in library tools: the decoupling of discovery tools from the traditional integrated library system (ILS) and the use of readily available open source components to…

  15. Crystal structures of fac-trichloridotris(trimethylphosphane-κPrhodium(III monohydrate and fac-trichloridotris(trimethylphosphane-κPrhodium(III methanol hemisolvate: rhodium structures that are isotypic with their iridium analogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph S. Merola

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The crystal structures of two solvates of fac-trichloridotris(trimethylphosphane-κPrhodium(III are reported, i.e. one with water in the crystal lattice, fac-[RhCl3(Me3P3]·H2O, and one with methanol in the crystal lattice, fac-[RhCl3(Me3P3]·0.5CH3OH. These rhodium compounds exhibit distorted octahedral coordination spheres at the metal and are isotypic with the analogous iridium compounds previously reported by us [Merola et al. (2013. Polyhedron, 54, 67–73]. Comparison is made between the rhodium and iridium compounds, highlighting their isostructural relationships.

  16. The influence of IMF cone angle on invariant latitudes of polar region footprints of FACs in the magnetotail: Cluster observatio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Z.; Shi, J.; Zhang, J.; Kistler, L. M.

    2017-12-01

    The influence of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) cone angle θ (the angle between the IMF direction and the Sun-Earth line) on the invariant latitudes (ILATs) of the footprints of the field-aligned currents (FACs) in the magnetotail has been investigated. We performed a statistic study of 542 FAC cases observed by the four Cluster spacecraft in the northern hemisphere. The results show that the large FAC (>10 nA/m2) cases occur at the low ILATs (60º, which implies the footprints of the large FACs mainly expand equatorward with large IMF cone angle. The equatorward boundary of the FAC footprints in the polar region decreases with the IMF cone angle especially when IMF Bz is positive. There is almost no correlation or a weak positive correlation of the poleward boundary and IMF cone angle no matter IMF is northward or southward. The equatorward boundary is more responsive to the IMF cone angle. Compared to the equatorward boundary, the center of the FAC projected location changes very little. This is the first time a correlation between FAC projected location and IMF cone angle has been determined.

  17. Ligand functionalization as a deactivation pathway in a fac-Ir(ppy)3-mediated radical addition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devery Iii, James J; Douglas, James J; Nguyen, John D; Cole, Kevin P; Flowers Ii, Robert A; Stephenson, Corey R J

    2015-01-01

    Knowledge of the kinetic behavior of catalysts under synthetically relevant conditions is vital for the efficient use of compounds that mediate important transformations regardless of their composition or driving force. In particular, these data are of great importance to add perspective to the growing number of applications of photoactive transition metal complexes. Here we present kinetic, synthetic, and spectroscopic evidence of the mechanistic behavior of fac -Ir(ppy) 3 in a visible light-mediated radical addition to 3-methylindole, demonstrating the instability of fac -Ir(ppy) 3 under these conditions. During the reaction, rapid in situ functionalization of the photocatalyst occurs, eventually leading to deactivation. These findings demonstrate a conceivable deactivation process for catalytic single electron reactions in the presence of radicophilic ligands. Attempts to inhibit photocatalyst deactivation through structural modification provide further insight into catalyst selection for a given system of interest.

  18. Mechanistic study of Cr effect on FAC rate of carbon steel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abe, Hiroshi; Watanabe, Yutaka

    2011-01-01

    Combined effects of Cr content and pH on flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) of carbon steels have been formulated and their relation to oxide scale characteristics based on detailed oxide layer characterizations using transmission electron microscope with X-ray analyzer have been discussed. It has been possible that the solubility of Fe 3 O 4 was enhanced locally by the high H 2 partial pressure which results from the high corrosion rate. Cr concentration is highest at top surface of oxide layer, and that decrease from surface to oxide/metal interface gradually. It has been suggested that Cr enrichment stabilize oxide layer (decrease solubility of oxide layer), as a result, FAC suppressed. (author)

  19. Fluorouracil, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FAC) versus FAC followed by weekly paclitaxel as adjuvant therapy for high-risk, node-negative breast cancer: results from the GEICAM/2003-02 study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín, Miguel; Ruiz, Amparo; Ruiz Borrego, Manuel; Barnadas, Agustí; González, Sonia; Calvo, Lourdes; Margelí Vila, Mireia; Antón, Antonio; Rodríguez-Lescure, Alvaro; Seguí-Palmer, Miguel Angel; Muñoz-Mateu, Montserrat; Dorca Ribugent, Joan; López-Vega, José Manuel; Jara, Carlos; Espinosa, Enrique; Mendiola Fernández, César; Andrés, Raquel; Ribelles, Nuria; Plazaola, Arrate; Sánchez-Rovira, Pedro; Salvador Bofill, Javier; Crespo, Carmen; Carabantes, Francisco J; Servitja, Sonia; Chacón, José Ignacio; Rodríguez, César A; Hernando, Blanca; Álvarez, Isabel; Carrasco, Eva; Lluch, Ana

    2013-07-10

    Adding taxanes to anthracycline-based adjuvant therapy improves survival outcomes of patients with node-positive breast cancer (BC). Currently, however, most patients with BC are node negative at diagnosis. The only pure node-negative study (Spanish Breast Cancer Research Group 9805) reported so far showed a docetaxel benefit but significant toxicity. Here we tested the efficacy and safety of weekly paclitaxel (wP) in node-negative patients, which is yet to be established. Patients with BC having T1-T3/N0 tumors and at least one high-risk factor for recurrence (according to St. Gallen 1998 criteria) were eligible. After primary surgery, 1,925 patients were randomly assigned to receive fluorouracil, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FAC) × 6 or FAC × 4 followed by wP × 8 (FAC-wP). The primary end point was disease-free survival (DFS) after a median follow-up of 5 years. Secondary end points included toxicity and overall survival. After a median follow-up of 63.3 months, 93% and 90.3% of patients receiving FAC-wP or FAC regimens, respectively, remained disease free (hazard ratio [HR], 0.73; 95% CI, 0.54 to 0.99; log-rank P = .04). Thirty-one patients receiving FAC-wP versus 40 patients receiving FAC died (one and seven from cardiovascular diseases, respectively; HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.49 to 1.26; log-rank P = .31). The most relevant grade 3 and 4 adverse events in the FAC-wP versus the FAC arm were febrile neutropenia (2.7% v 3.6%), fatigue (7.9% v 3.4%), and sensory neuropathy (5.5% v 0%). For patients with high-risk node-negative BC, the adjuvant FAC-wP regimen was associated with a small but significant improvement in DFS compared with FAC therapy, in addition to manageable toxicity, especially regarding long-term cardiac effects.

  20. fac-[Re(CO)3(dmso-O)3](CF3SO3): a new versatile and efficient Re(I) precursor for the preparation of mono and polynuclear compounds containing fac-[Re(CO)3]+ fragments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casanova, Massimo; Zangrando, Ennio; Munini, Fabio; Iengo, Elisabetta; Alessio, Enzo

    2006-11-14

    We show here that the new complex fac-[Re(CO)3(dmso-O)3](CF3SO3) (1), efficiently prepared in one step from [ReBr(CO)5] and featuring a broad range of solubility, is, in general, a better precursor for the one-step synthesis of mono- and polynuclear inorganic compounds containing fac-[Re(CO)3]+ fragments compared to the commonly used (NEt4)2fac-[ReBr3(CO)3] and fac-[Re(CO)3(CH3CN)3](Y) (Y = PF6, BF4, ClO4) species. Compound 1 is the first example of a Re(I)-dmso complex structurally characterized and confirms the rule that dmso is always O-bonded when trans to CO. The reactivity of 1 was tested in the one-step preparation of several new and known complexes. The O-bonded sulfoxides of 1 are replaced under mild conditions by tri- (L3) and bidentate ligands (L2) to produce fac-[Re(CO)3(L3)]+ and fac-[Re(CO)3(L2)(dmso-O)]+ compounds, respectively. An excess of monodentate ligands (L) and more forcing conditions are needed to prepare fac-[Re(CO)3(L)3]+ compounds. The new compounds include fac-[Re(CO)3(bipy)(dmso-O)](CF3SO3) (4), that turned out to be an excellent precursor for binding the luminescent fac-[Re(CO)3(bipy)]+ fragment to polytopic ligands for the construction of more elaborate assemblies. One example reported here is the two-step preparation of fac-[{Re(CO)3(bipy)}(mu-4,4'-bipy){Ru(TPP)(CO)}](CF3SO3) (8) (TPP = tetraphenylporphyrin). The X-ray structures of the new compounds 1, 4, of the bis-porphyrin complex fac-[Re(CO)3Cl(4'MPyP)2] (13) (4'MPyP = 5-(4'pyridyl)-10,15,20-triphenylporphyrin), and of the rhenium-cyclophane [{(CO)3Re(mu-OH)2Re(CO)3}2(micro-4,4'-bipy)2] (15), among others, are described. Compound 1 might find useful applications in supramolecular chemistry (metal-mediated assembly of large architectures), in the in situ preparation of stable Re compounds to be used in nuclear medicine, and for the labeling of biomolecules.

  1. Two fac-tricarbonylrhenium(I) azadipyrromethene (ADPM) complexes: ligand-substitution effect on crystal structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cibian, Mihaela; Bessette, André; O'Connor, Andrew; Ferreira, Janaina G; Hanan, Garry S

    2015-02-01

    The crystal structures of fac-(acetonitrile-κN)(2-{[3,5-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-2H-pyrrol-2-ylidene-κN(1)]amino}-3,5-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-ido-κN(1))tricarbonylrhenium(I)-hexane-acetonitrile (2/1/2), [Re(C36H30N3O4)(CH3CN)(CO)3]·0.5C6H14·CH3CN, (2), and fac-(2-{[3,5-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-2H-pyrrol-2-ylidene-κN(1)]amino}-3,5-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrol-1-ido-κN(1))tricarbonyl(dimethyl sulfoxide-κO)rhenium(I), [Re(C36H30N3O4)(C2H6OS)(CO)3], (3), at 150 K are reported. Both complexes display a distorted octahedral geometry, with a fac-Re(CO)3 arrangement and one azadipyrromethene (ADPM) chelating ligand in the equatorial position. One solvent molecule completes the coordination sphere of the Re(I) centre in the remaining axial position. The ADPM ligand shows high flexibility upon coordination, while retaining its π-delocalized nature. Bond length and angle analyses indicate that the differences in the geometry around the Re(I) centre in (2) and (3), and those found in three reported fac-Re(CO)3-ADPM complexes, are dictated mainly by steric factors and crystal packing. Both structures display intramolecular C-H...N hydrogen bonding. Intermolecular interactions of the Csp(2)-H...π and Csp(2)-H...O(carbonyl) types link the discrete monomers into extended chains.

  2. Understanding M-ligand bonding and mer-/fac-isomerism in tris(8-hydroxyquinolinate) metallic complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Carlos F R A C; Taveira, Ricardo J S; Costa, José C S; Fernandes, Ana M; Melo, André; Silva, Artur M S; Santos, Luís M N B F

    2016-06-28

    Tris(8-hydroxyquinolinate) metallic complexes, Mq3, are one of the most important classes of organic semiconductor materials. Herein, the nature of the chemical bond in Mq3 complexes and its implications on their molecular properties were investigated by a combined experimental and computational approach. Various Mq3 complexes, resulting from the alteration of the metal and substitution of the 8-hydroxyquinoline ligand in different positions, were prepared. The mer-/fac-isomerism in Mq3 was explored by FTIR and NMR spectroscopy, evidencing that, irrespective of the substituent, mer- and fac-are the most stable molecular configurations of Al(iii) and In(iii) complexes, respectively. The relative M-ligand bond dissociation energies were evaluated experimentally by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS-MS), showing a non-monotonous variation along the group (Al > In > Ga). The results reveal a strong covalent character in M-ligand bonding, which allows for through-ligand electron delocalization, and explain the preferred molecular structures of Mq3 complexes as resulting from the interplay between bonding and steric factors. The mer-isomer reduces intraligand repulsions, being preferred for smaller metals, while the fac-isomer is favoured for larger metals where stronger covalent M-ligand bonds can be formed due to more extensive through-ligand conjugation mediated by metal "d" orbitals.

  3. Automated assembly of fast-axis collimation (FAC) lenses for diode laser bar modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miesner, Jörn; Timmermann, Andre; Meinschien, Jens; Neumann, Bernhard; Wright, Steve; Tekin, Tolga; Schröder, Henning; Westphalen, Thomas; Frischkorn, Felix

    2009-02-01

    Laser diodes and diode laser bars are key components in high power semiconductor lasers and solid state laser systems. During manufacture, the assembly of the fast axis collimation (FAC) lens is a crucial step. The goal of our activities is to design an automated assembly system for high volume production. In this paper the results of an intermediate milestone will be reported: a demonstration system was designed, realized and tested to prove the feasibility of all of the system components and process features. The demonstration system consists of a high precision handling system, metrology for process feedback, a powerful digital image processing system and tooling for glue dispensing, UV curing and laser operation. The system components as well as their interaction with each other were tested in an experimental system in order to glean design knowledge for the fully automated assembly system. The adjustment of the FAC lens is performed by a series of predefined steps monitored by two cameras concurrently imaging the far field and the near field intensity distributions. Feedback from these cameras processed by a powerful and efficient image processing algorithm control a five axis precision motion system to optimize the fast axis collimation of the laser beam. Automated cementing of the FAC to the diode bar completes the process. The presentation will show the system concept, the algorithm of the adjustment as well as experimental results. A critical discussion of the results will close the talk.

  4. Free-air ionization chamber, FAC-IR-300, designed for medium energy X-ray dosimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi, S. M.; Tavakoli-Anbaran, H.; Zeinali, H. Z.

    2017-01-01

    The primary standard for X-ray photons is based on parallel-plate free-air ionization chamber (FAC). Therefore, the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) is tried to design and build the free-air ionization chamber, FAC-IR-300, for low and medium energy X-ray dosimetry. The main aim of the present work is to investigate specification of the FAC-IR-300 ionization chamber and design it. FAC-IR-300 dosimeter is composed of two parallel plates, a high voltage (HV) plate and a collector plate, along with a guard electrode that surrounds the collector plate. The guard plate and the collector were separated by an air gap. For obtaining uniformity in the electric field distribution, a group of guard strips was used around the ionization chamber. These characterizations involve determining the exact dimensions of the ionization chamber by using Monte Carlo simulation and introducing correction factors.

  5. Design of the free-air ionization chamber, FAC-IR-150, for X-ray dosimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi, Seyed Mostafa; Tavakoli-Anbaran, Hossein

    2018-03-01

    The primary standard for X-ray dosimetry is based on the free-air ionization chamber (FAC). Therefore, the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) designed the free-air ionization chamber, FAC-IR-150, for low and medium energy X-ray dosimetry. The purpose of this work is the study of the free-air ionization chamber characteristics and the design of the FAC-IR-150. The FAC-IR-150 dosimeter has two parallel plates, a high voltage plate and a collector plate. A guard electrode surrounds the collector and is separated by an air gap. A group of guard strips is used between up and down electrodes to produce a uniform electric field in all the ion chamber volume. This design involves introducing the correction factors and determining the exact dimensions of the ionization chamber by using Monte Carlo simulation.

  6. Effects of water chemistry and fluid dynamics on wall thinning behavior. Part 1. Development of FAC model focused on water chemistry and composition of material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujiwara, Kazutoshi; Domae, Masafumi; Ohta, Joji; Yoneda, Kimitoshi; Inada, Fumio

    2009-01-01

    Flow Accelerated Corrosion (FAC), which is one of the important subjects at fossil and nuclear power plans, is caused by the accelerated dissolution of protective oxide film due to the turbulent flow. The influence factors on FAC such as water chemistry, material, and fluid dynamics are closely related to the oxide property so that the risk of FAC can be reduced by the suitable control of water chemistry. There are some FAC models and evaluation codes of FAC rate. Some of them are used in wall thinning management of nuclear power plant in some country. Nevertheless, these FAC codes include many empirical parameters so that some uncertainty to evaluate the synergistic effectiveness of factors are the controversial point for the application of FAC code to wall thinning management in Japanese nuclear power plant. In this study, a FAC model that can evaluate the effect of temperature, NH3 concentration, chromium content, and dissolved oxygen concentration on FAC rate was developed by considering the diffusion of dissolved species. The critical dissolved oxygen concentration, which can inhibit FAC, was also calculated by this model. (author)

  7. Plant volatile eliciting FACs in lepidopteran caterpillars, fruit flies, and crickets: a convergent evolution or phylogenetic inheritance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshinaga, Naoko; Abe, Hiroaki; Morita, Sayo; Yoshida, Tetsuya; Aboshi, Takako; Fukui, Masao; Tumlinson, James H; Mori, Naoki

    2014-01-01

    Fatty acid amino acid conjugates (FACs), first identified in lepidopteran caterpillar spit as elicitors of plant volatile emission, also have been reported as major components in gut tracts of Drosophila melanogaster and cricket Teleogryllus taiwanemma. The profile of FAC analogs in these two insects was similar to that of tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta, showing glutamic acid conjugates predominantly over glutamine conjugates. The physiological function of FACs is presumably to enhance nitrogen assimilation in Spodoptera litura larvae, but in other insects it is totally unknown. Whether these insects share a common synthetic mechanism of FACs is also unclear. In this study, the biosynthesis of FACs was examined in vitro in five lepidopteran species (M. sexta, Cephonodes hylas, silkworm, S. litura, and Mythimna separata), fruit fly larvae and T. taiwanemma. The fresh midgut tissues of all of the tested insects showed the ability to synthesize glutamine conjugates in vitro when incubated with glutamine and sodium linolenate. Such direct conjugation was also observed for glutamic acid conjugates in all the insects but the product amount was very small and did not reflect the in vivo FAC patterns in each species. In fruit fly larvae, the predominance of glutamic acid conjugates could be explained by a shortage of substrate glutamine in midgut tissues, and in M. sexta, a rapid hydrolysis of glutamine conjugates has been reported. In crickets, we found an additional unique biosynthetic pathway for glutamic acid conjugates. T. taiwanemma converted glutamine conjugates to glutamic acid conjugates by deaminating the side chain of the glutamine moiety. Considering these findings together with previous results, a possibility that FACs in these insects are results of convergent evolution cannot be ruled out, but it is more likely that the ancestral insects had the glutamine conjugates and crickets and other insects developed glutamic acid conjugates in a different way.

  8. Plant volatile eliciting FACs in lepidopteran caterpillars, fruit flies, and crickets: a convergent evolution or phylogenetic inheritance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshinaga, Naoko; Abe, Hiroaki; Morita, Sayo; Yoshida, Tetsuya; Aboshi, Takako; Fukui, Masao; Tumlinson, James H.; Mori, Naoki

    2013-01-01

    Fatty acid amino acid conjugates (FACs), first identified in lepidopteran caterpillar spit as elicitors of plant volatile emission, also have been reported as major components in gut tracts of Drosophila melanogaster and cricket Teleogryllus taiwanemma. The profile of FAC analogs in these two insects was similar to that of tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta, showing glutamic acid conjugates predominantly over glutamine conjugates. The physiological function of FACs is presumably to enhance nitrogen assimilation in Spodoptera litura larvae, but in other insects it is totally unknown. Whether these insects share a common synthetic mechanism of FACs is also unclear. In this study, the biosynthesis of FACs was examined in vitro in five lepidopteran species (M. sexta, Cephonodes hylas, silkworm, S. litura, and Mythimna separata), fruit fly larvae and T. taiwanemma. The fresh midgut tissues of all of the tested insects showed the ability to synthesize glutamine conjugates in vitro when incubated with glutamine and sodium linolenate. Such direct conjugation was also observed for glutamic acid conjugates in all the insects but the product amount was very small and did not reflect the in vivo FAC patterns in each species. In fruit fly larvae, the predominance of glutamic acid conjugates could be explained by a shortage of substrate glutamine in midgut tissues, and in M. sexta, a rapid hydrolysis of glutamine conjugates has been reported. In crickets, we found an additional unique biosynthetic pathway for glutamic acid conjugates. T. taiwanemma converted glutamine conjugates to glutamic acid conjugates by deaminating the side chain of the glutamine moiety. Considering these findings together with previous results, a possibility that FACs in these insects are results of convergent evolution cannot be ruled out, but it is more likely that the ancestral insects had the glutamine conjugates and crickets and other insects developed glutamic acid conjugates in a different way. PMID

  9. Plant volatile eliciting FACs in lepidopteran caterpillars, fruit flies and crickets: a convergent evolution or phylogenetic inheritance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naoko eYoshinaga

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Fatty acid amino acid conjugates (FACs, first identified in lepidopteran caterpillar spit as elicitors of plant volatile emission, also have been reported as major components in gut tracts of Drosophila melanogaster and cricket Teleogryllus taiwanemma. The profile of FAC analogs in these two insects was similar to that of tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta, showing glutamic acid conjugates predominantly over glutamine conjugates. The physiological function of FACs is presumably to enhance nitrogen assimilation in Spodoptera litura larvae, but in other insects it is totally unknown. Whether these insects share a common synthetic mechanism of FACs is also unclear. In this study, the biosynthesis of FACs was examined in vitro in five lepidopteran species (M. sexta, Cephonodes hylas, silkworm, S. litura, and Mythimna separata, fruit fly larvae and T. taiwanemma. The fresh midgut tissues of all of the tested insects showed the ability to synthesize glutamine conjugates in vitro when incubated with glutamine and sodium linolenate. Such direct conjugation was also observed for glutamic acid conjugates in all the insects but the product amount was very small and did not reflect the in vivo FAC patterns in each species. In fruit fly larvae, the predominance of glutamic acid conjugates could be explained by a shortage of substrate glutamine in midgut tissues, and in M. sexta, a rapid hydrolysis of glutamine conjugates has been reported. In crickets, we found an additional unique biosynthetic pathway for glutamic acid conjugates. T. taiwanemma converted glutamine conjugates to glutamic acid conjugates by deaminating the side chain of the glutamine moiety. Considering these findings together with previous results, a possibility that FACs in these insects are results of convergent evolution can not be ruled out, but it is more likely that the ancestral insects had the glutamine conjugates and crickets and other insects developed glutamic acid conjugates in a

  10. Water-stable fac-{TcO₃}⁺ complexes - a new field of technetium chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braband, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    The development of technetium chemistry has been lagging behind that of its heavier congener rhenium, primarily because the inherent radioactivity of all Tc isotopes has limited the number of laboratories that can study the chemistry of this fascinating element. Although technetium is an artificial element, it is not rare. Significant amounts of the isotope (99)Tc are produced every day as a fission byproduct in nuclear power plants. Therefore, a fundamental understanding of the chemistry of (99)Tc is essential to avoid its release into the environment. In this article the chemistry of technetium at its highest oxidation state (+VII) is reviewed with a special focus on recent developments which make water-stable complexes of the general type [TcO(3)(tacn-R)](+) (tacn-R = 1,4,7-triazacyclononane or derivatives) accessible. Complexes containing the fac-{TcO(3)}(+) core display a unique reactivity. In analogy to [OsO(4)] and [RuO(4)], complexes containing the fac-{TcO(3)}(+) core undergo with alkenes metal-mediated, vicinal cis-dihydroxylation reactions (alkene-glycol interconversion) in water via a (3+2)-cycloaddition reaction. Therefore, water-stable fac-{(99m)TcO(3)}(+) complexes pave the way for a new labeling strategy for radiopharmaceutical applications, based on (3+2)-cycloaddition reactions. This new concept for the labeling of biomolecules with small [(99m)TcO(3)(tacn-R)](+)-type complexes by way of a (3+2)-cycloaddition with alkenes is discussed in detail. The herein reported developments in high-valent technetium chemistry create a new field of research with this artificial element. This demonstrates the potential of fundamental research to provide new impetus of innovation for the development of new methods for radiopharmaceutical applications.

  11. Synthesis and characterization of fac-Re(CO)3-aspartic-N-monoacetic acid, a structural analogue of a potential new renal tracer, fac-99mTc(CO)3(ASMA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klenc, Jeffrey; Lipowska, Malgorzata; Taylor, Andrew T; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2012-09-01

    The reaction of an aminopolycarboxylate ligand, as partic- N - m onoacetic a cid (ASMA), with [Re(CO) 3 (H 2 O) 3 ] + was examined. The tridentate coordination of ASMA to this Re I tricarbonyl precursor yielded fac -Re(CO) 3 (ASMA) as a mixture of diastereomers. The chemistry is analogous to that of the Tc I tricarbonyl complex, which yields fac - 99m Tc(CO) 3 (ASMA) under similar conditions. The formation, structure, and isomerization of fac -Re(CO) 3 (ASMA) products were characterized by HPLC, 1 H NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography. The two major fac -Re(CO) 3 (ASMA) diastereomeric products each have a linear ONO coordination mode with two adjacent five-membered chelate rings, but they differ in the endo or exo orientation of the uncoordinated acetate group, in agreement with expectations based on previous studies. Conditions have been identified for the expedient isomerization of fac -Re(CO) 3 (ASMA) to a mixture consisting primarily of one major product. Because different isomeric species typically have different pharmacokinetic characteristics, these conditions may provide for the practical isolation of a single 99m Tc(CO) 3 (ASMA) species, thus allowing the isolation of the isomer that has optimal imaging and pharmacokinetic characteristics. This information will aid in the design of future 99m Tc radiopharmaceuticals.

  12. A comparison of locally adaptive multigrid methods: LDC, FAC and FIC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khadra, Khodor; Angot, Philippe; Caltagirone, Jean-Paul

    1993-01-01

    This study is devoted to a comparative analysis of three 'Adaptive ZOOM' (ZOom Overlapping Multi-level) methods based on similar concepts of hierarchical multigrid local refinement: LDC (Local Defect Correction), FAC (Fast Adaptive Composite), and FIC (Flux Interface Correction)--which we proposed recently. These methods are tested on two examples of a bidimensional elliptic problem. We compare, for V-cycle procedures, the asymptotic evolution of the global error evaluated by discrete norms, the corresponding local errors, and the convergence rates of these algorithms.

  13. Despacio, arroyo, despacio [Texto, partitura y facsímil]. CPMHL, II, 65 [LAMBEA & JOSA

    OpenAIRE

    Lambea, Mariano; Josa, Lola

    2006-01-01

    El documento contiene la composición titulada “¡Despacio, arroyo, despacio,…!”, perteneciente al Cancionero Poético-Musical Hispánico de Lisboa, manuscrito compilado en las primeras décadas del siglo XVII que se conserva en la Biblioteca del Palacio Nacional de Ajuda (Lisboa), en cuatro cuadernos con las signaturas 47-VI-10/11/12/ y 13. Falta una voz que ha sido preciso reconstruir. Se ofrece la edición anotada del poema, la partitura con la transcripción musical a notación moderna y el facsí...

  14. fac-Tris(pyridine-2-carboxylato-κ2N,Ocobalt(III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina A. Golenia

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In the title compound, [Co(C6H4NO23], the CoIII ion lies on a threefold rotation axis and is in a distorted octahedral environment defined by three N and three O donor atoms from three fac-disposed pyridine-2-carboxylate ligands. The ligands are coordinated in a chelate fashion, forming three five-membered rings. In the crystal, translationally related complex molecules are organized into columns along [001] via C—H...O hydrogen bonds.

  15. fac-Tris(pyridine-2-carboxyl­ato-κ2 N,O)cobalt(III)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golenia, Irina A.; Boyko, Alexander N.; Kotova, Natalia V.; Haukka, Matti; Kalibabchuk, Valentina A.

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, [Co(C6H4NO2)3], the CoIII ion lies on a threefold rotation axis and is in a distorted octa­hedral environment defined by three N and three O donor atoms from three fac-disposed pyridine-2-carboxyl­ate ligands. The ligands are coordinated in a chelate fashion, forming three five-membered rings. In the crystal, translationally related complex molecules are organized into columns along [001] via C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. PMID:22219826

  16. The application of silicalite-1/fly ash cenosphere (S/FAC) zeolite composite for the adsorption of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Jia; Xu, Fang; Wang, Deju; Huang, Jue; Cai, Weimin

    2009-06-15

    Silicalite-1/fly ash cenosphere (S/FAC) zeolite composite has been applied for batch adsorption of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) from water systems. Here the key experimental conditions, including the ratio of initial MTBE concentration to the amount weight of S/FAC, adsorption time and temperature, have been discussed in detail. The results show that approximately 93-95% MTBE could be adsorbed with initial concentration of MTBE solution 1000 microg l(-1). The column flow-through experiments also prove the high capacity of S/FAC composite for MTBE removal. The distinct advantages of S/FAC zeolite composite as adsorbent lie in (1) enhanced adsorption rate and capacity based on hierarchical micro and meso/macroporosity of S/FAC; (2) more easily operation and recycling process by assembly of nano-sized silicalite-1 zeolite on FAC support.

  17. Crystal structures of fac-tri-chlorido-tris-(tri-methyl-phosphane-κP)rhodium(III) monohydrate and fac-tri-chlorido-tris-(tri-methyl-phosphane-κP)rhodium(III) methanol hemisolvate: rhodium structures that are isotypic with their iridium analogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merola, Joseph S; Franks, Marion A

    2015-02-01

    The crystal structures of two solvates of fac-tri-chlorido-tris-(tri-methyl-phosphane-κP)rhodium(III) are reported, i.e. one with water in the crystal lattice, fac-[RhCl3(Me3P)3]·H2O, and one with methanol in the crystal lattice, fac-[RhCl3(Me3P)3]·0.5CH3OH. These rhodium compounds exhibit distorted octahedral coordination spheres at the metal and are isotypic with the analogous iridium compounds previously reported by us [Merola et al. (2013 ▶). Polyhedron, 54, 67-73]. Comparison is made between the rhodium and iridium compounds, highlighting their isostructural relationships.

  18. Identification of the First Diketomorpholine Biosynthetic Pathway Using FAC-MS Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robey, Matthew T; Ye, Rosa; Bok, Jin Woo; Clevenger, Kenneth D; Islam, Md Nurul; Chen, Cynthia; Gupta, Raveena; Swyers, Michael; Wu, Edward; Gao, Peng; Thomas, Paul M; Wu, Chengcang C; Keller, Nancy P; Kelleher, Neil L

    2018-04-09

    Filamentous fungi are prolific producers of secondary metabolites with drug-like properties, and their genome sequences have revealed an untapped wealth of potential therapeutic leads. To better access these secondary metabolites and characterize their biosynthetic gene clusters, we applied a new platform for screening and heterologous expression of intact gene clusters that uses fungal artificial chromosomes and metabolomic scoring (FAC-MS). We leverage FAC-MS technology to identify the biosynthetic machinery responsible for production of acu-dioxomorpholine, a metabolite produced by the fungus, Aspergilllus aculeatus. The acu-dioxomorpholine nonribosomal peptide synthetase features a new type of condensation domain (designated CR) proposed to use a non-canonical arginine active site for ester bond formation. Using stable isotope labeling and MS, we determine that a phenyllactate monomer deriving from phenylalanine is incorporated into the diketomorpholine scaffold. Acu-dioxomorpholine is highly related to orphan inhibitors of P-glycoprotein targets in multidrug-resistant cancers and identification of the biosynthetic pathway for this compound class enables genome mining for additional derivatives.

  19. FACS identifies unique cocaine-induced gene regulation in selectively activated adult striatal neurons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guez-Barber, Danielle; Fanous, Sanya; Golden, Sam A; Schrama, Regina; Koya, Eisuke; Stern, Anna L; Bossert, Jennifer M; Harvey, Brandon K; Picciotto, Marina R; Hope, Bruce T

    2011-03-16

    Numerous studies with the neural activity marker Fos indicate that cocaine activates only a small proportion of sparsely distributed striatal neurons. Until now, efficient methods were not available to assess neuroadaptations induced specifically within these activated neurons. We used fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) to purify striatal neurons activated during cocaine-induced locomotion in naive and cocaine-sensitized cfos-lacZ transgenic rats. Activated neurons were labeled with an antibody against β-galactosidase, the protein product of the lacZ gene. Cocaine induced a unique gene expression profile selectively in the small proportion of activated neurons that was not observed in the nonactivated majority of neurons. These genes included altered levels of the immediate early genes arc, fosB, and nr4a3, as well as genes involved in p38 MAPK signaling and cell-type specificity. We propose that this FACS method can be used to study molecular neuroadaptations in specific neurons encoding the behavioral effects of abused drugs and other learned behaviors.

  20. Structure and Properties of fac-[Re(I)(CO)3(NTA)](2-) (NTA(3-) = Trianion of Nitrilotriacetic Acid) and fac-[Re(I)(CO)3(L)](n-) Analogues Useful for Assessing the Excellent Renal Clearance of the fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(CO)3(NTA)](2-) Diagnostic Renal Agent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klenc, Jeffrey; Lipowska, Malgorzata; Abhayawardhana, Pramuditha L; Taylor, Andrew T; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2015-07-06

    We previously identified two new agents based on the [(99m)Tc(V)O](3+) core with renal clearances in human volunteers 30% higher than that of the widely used clinical tracer (99m)Tc-MAG3 (MAG3(5-) = penta-anion of mercaptoacetyltriglycine). However, renal agents with even higher clearances are needed. More recently, we changed our focus from the [(99m)Tc(V)O](3+) core to the discovery of superior tracers based on the fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(CO)3](+) core. Compared to (99m)Tc-MAG3, fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(CO)3(NTA)](2-) (NTA(3-) = trianion of nitrilotriacetic acid) holds great promise by virtue of its efficient renal clearance via tubular secretion and the absence of hepatobiliary elimination, even in patients with severely reduced renal function. We report here NMR, molecular (X-ray) structure, and solution data on fac-[Re(I)(CO)3(NTA)](2-) with a -CH2CO2(-) dangling monoanionic chain and on two fac-[Re(I)(CO)3(L)](-) analogues with either a -CH2CONH2 or a -CH2CH2OH dangling neutral chain. In these three fac-[Re(I)(CO)3(L)](n-) complexes, the fac-[Re(I)(CO)3(N(CH2CO2)2)](-) moiety is structurally similar and has similar electronic properties (as assessed by NMR data). In reported and ongoing studies, the two fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(CO)3(L)](-) analogues with these neutral dangling chains were found to have pharmacokinetic properties very similar to those of fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(CO)3(NTA)](2-). Therefore, we reach the unexpected conclusion that in fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(CO)3(L)](n-) agents, renal clearance is affected much more than anticipated by features of the core plus the chelate rings (the [(99m)Tc(I)(CO)3(N(CH2CO2)2)](-) moiety) than by the presence of a negatively charged dangling carboxylate chain.

  1. Several novel N-donor tridentate ligands formed in chemical studies of new fac-Re(CO)3 complexes relevant to fac-99mTc(CO)3 radiopharmaceuticals: attack of a terminal amine on coordinated acetonitrile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, Theshini; Marzilli, Patricia A; Fronczek, Frank R; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2010-03-01

    To evaluate syntheses of fac-[Re(CO)(3)L](+) complexes in organic solvents, we treated fac-[Re(CO)(3)(CH(3)CN)(3)]PF(6)/BF(4) in acetonitrile with triamine ligands (L). When L had two primary or two tertiary terminal amine groups, the expected fac-[Re(CO)(3)L](+) complexes formed. In contrast, N,N-dimethyldiethylenetriamine (N,N-Me(2)dien) formed an unusual compound, fac-[Re(CO)(3)(DAE)]BF(4) {DAE = (Z)-N'-(2-(2-(dimethylamino)ethylamino)ethyl)acetimidamide = (Me(2)NCH(2)CH(2))NH(CH(2)CH(2)N=C(NH(2))Me)}. DAE is formed by addition of acetonitrile to the N,N-Me(2)dien terminal primary amine, converting this sp(3) nitrogen to an sp(2) nitrogen with a double bond to the original acetonitrile sp carbon. The three Ns bound to Re derive from N,N-Me(2)dien. The pathway to fac-[Re(CO)(3)(DAE)]BF(4) is suggested by a second unusual compound, fac-[Re(CO)(3)(MAE)]PF(6) {MAE = N-methyl-N-(2-(methyl-(2-(methylamino)ethyl)amino)ethyl)acetimidamide = MeN(H)-CH(2)CH(2)-N(Me)-CH(2)CH(2)-N(Me)-C(Me)=NH}, isolated after treating fac-[Re(CO)(3)(CH(3)CN)(3)]PF(6) with N,N',N''-trimethyldiethylenetriamine (N,N',N''-Me(3)dien). MAE chelates via a terminal and a central sp(3) N from N,N',N''-Me(3)dien and via one sp(2) NH in a C(Me)=NH group. This group is derived from acetonitrile by addition of the other N,N',N''-Me(3)dien terminal amine to the nitrile carbon. This addition creates an endocyclic NMe group within a seven-membered chelate ring. The structure and other properties of fac-[Re(CO)(3)(MAE)]PF(6) allow us to propose a reaction scheme for the formation of the unprecedented DAE ligand. The new compounds advance our understanding of the spectral and structural properties of Re analogues of (99m)Tc radiopharmaceuticals.

  2. Long-term outcomes of phakic patients with diabetic macular oedema treated with intravitreal fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y; Bailey, C; Holz, F G; Eter, N; Weber, M; Baker, C; Kiss, S; Menchini, U; Ruiz Moreno, J M; Dugel, P; Lotery, A

    2015-09-01

    Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is a leading cause of blindness in working-age adults. Slow-release, nonbioerodible fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) implants have shown efficacy in the treatment of DMO; however, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommends that FAc should be used in patients with chronic DMO considered insufficiently responsive to other available therapies only if the eye to be treated is pseudophakic. The goal of this analysis was to examine treatment outcomes in phakic patients who received 0.2 μg/day FAc implant. This analysis of the phase 3 FAME (Fluocinolone Acetonide in Diabetic Macular Edema) data examines the safety and efficacy of FAc implants in patients who underwent cataract extraction before (cataract before implant (CBI) group) or after (cataract after implant (CAI) group) receiving the implant. The data were further examined by DMO duration. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) after 36 months was comparable in the CAI and CBI groups. Both the percentage of patients gaining ≥ 3 lines of vision and mean change in BCVA letter score were numerically greater in the CAI group. In addition, most patients who underwent cataract surgery experienced a net gain in BCVA from presurgery baseline as well as from original study baseline. These data support the use of 0.2 μg/day FAc implants in phakic as well as in pseudophakic patients. These findings will serve as a pilot for design of future studies to evaluate the potential protective effect of FAc implants before cataract surgery in patients with DMO and cataract.

  3. Abnormal microsomal detoxification implicated in Fanconi anemia group C by interaction of the FAC protein with NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruyt, FAE; Hoshino, T; Liu, JM; Joseph, P; Jaiswal, AK; Youssoufian, H

    1998-01-01

    The FAC protein encoded by the Fanconi anemia (FA) complementation group C gene is thought to function in the cytoplasm at a step before DNA repair. Because FA cells are susceptible to mitomycin C, we considered the possibility that FAC might interact with enzymes involved in the bioreductive

  4. Array tomography: characterizing FAC-sorted populations of zebrafish immune cells by their 3D ultrastructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wacker, Irene; Chockley, Peter; Bartels, Carolin; Spomer, Waldemar; Hofmann, Andreas; Gengenbach, Ulrich; Singh, Sachin; Thaler, Marlene; Grabher, Clemens; Schröder, Rasmus R

    2015-08-01

    For 3D reconstructions of whole immune cells from zebrafish, isolated from adult animals by FAC-sorting we employed array tomography on hundreds of serial sections deposited on silicon wafers. Image stacks were either recorded manually or automatically with the newly released ZEISS Atlas 5 Array Tomography platform on a Zeiss FEGSEM. To characterize different populations of immune cells, organelle inventories were created by segmenting individual cells. In addition, arrays were used for quantification of cell populations with respect to the various cell types they contained. The detection of immunological synapses in cocultures of cell populations from thymus or WKM with cancer cells helped to identify the cytotoxic nature of these cells. Our results demonstrate the practicality and benefit of AT for high-throughput ultrastructural imaging of substantial volumes. © 2015 The Authors Journal of Microscopy © 2015 Royal Microscopical Society.

  5. Crystal structure of fac-aquatricarbonyl[(S)-valin-ato-κ(2) N,O]-rhenium(I).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piletska, Kseniia O; Domasevitch, Kostiantyn V; Shtemenko, Alexander V

    2016-04-01

    In the mol-ecule of the title compound, [Re(C5H10NO2)(CO)3(H2O)], the Re(I) atom adopts a distorted octa-hedral coordination sphere defined by one aqua and three carbonyl ligands as well as one amino N and one carboxyl-ate O atom of the chelating valinate anion. The carbonyl ligands are arranged in a fac-configuration around the Re(I) ion. In the crystal, an intricate hydrogen-bonding system under participation of two O-H, two N-H and one C-H donor groups and the carboxyl-ate and carbonyl O atoms as acceptor groups contribute to the formation of a three-dimensional supra-molecular network.

  6. Crystal structure of fac-tri-chlorido-[tris-(pyridin-2-yl-N)amine]-chromium(III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaguchi-Terasaki, Yukiko; Fujihara, Takashi; Nagasawa, Akira; Kaizaki, Sumio

    2015-01-01

    In the neutral complex mol-ecule of the title compound, fac-[CrCl3(tpa)] [tpa is tris-(pyridin-2-yl)amine; C15H12N4], the Cr(III) ion is bonded to three N atoms that are constrained to a facial arrangement by the tpa ligand and by three chloride ligands, leading to a distorted octa-hedral coordination sphere. The average Cr-N and Cr-Cl bond lengths are 2.086 (5) and 2.296 (4) Å, respectively. The complex mol-ecule is located on a mirror plane. In the crystal, a combination of C-H⋯N and C-H⋯Cl hydrogen-bonding inter-actions connect the mol-ecules into a three-dimensional network.

  7. 14th March 2011 - Australian Senator the Hon. K. Carr Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research in the ATLAS Visitor Centre with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti,visiting the SM18 area with G. De Rijk,the Computing centre with Department Head F. Hemmer, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer with Head of International relations F. Pauss

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-claude Gadmer

    2011-01-01

    14th March 2011 - Australian Senator the Hon. K. Carr Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research in the ATLAS Visitor Centre with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti,visiting the SM18 area with G. De Rijk,the Computing centre with Department Head F. Hemmer, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer with Head of International relations F. Pauss

  8. 8 April 2013 - Indian Hon'ble Minister for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Sudini Jaipal Reddy in the LHC tunnel with K. Foraz, visiting the CMS cavern with Technical Coordinator A. Ball and Former Spokesperson T. Virdee, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer.

    CERN Multimedia

    Samuel Morier-Genoud

    2013-01-01

    8 April 2013 - Indian Hon'ble Minister for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Sudini Jaipal Reddy in the LHC tunnel with K. Foraz, visiting the CMS cavern with Technical Coordinator A. Ball and Former Spokesperson T. Virdee, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer.

  9. 8 February 2017 - Sri Lanka Hon. Minister of Science, Technology and Research A. D. S. Premajayantha signing the International Cooperation Agreement concerning Scientific and Technical Cooperation in High-Energy Physics 2017 with CERN Director for International Relations C. Warakaulle.

    CERN Document Server

    Brice, Maximilien

    2017-01-01

    Were present: Hon. A. D. Susil Premajayantha, Minister of Science, Technology and Research, Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka; H.E. Mr Ravinatha Aryasinha, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Mrs Samantha Jayasuriya, Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Ms Shashika Somaratne, Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Mr Gihan Indragupta, Member of Sri Lanka Foreign service and Head of the G15 Secretariat; Ms Dilini Gunasekera, Second Secretary, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Mr Prageeth Herath , Supporting staff, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka. CERN: Mr Andrzej Charkiewicz, CMS Ressources Manager; Ms Sofia Intoudi, Legal Officer; Dr Rüdiger Voss, Senior Adviser, International Relations; Ms Charlotte Warakaulle, Director for International Relations

  10. Identification of new ligands for the methionine biosynthesis transcriptional regulator (MetJ) by FAC-MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martí-Arbona, Ricardo; Teshima, Munehiro; Anderson, Penelope S; Nowak-Lovato, Kristy L; Hong-Geller, Elizabeth; Unkefer, Clifford J; Unkefer, Pat J

    2012-01-01

    We have developed a high-throughput approach using frontal affinity chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (FAC-MS) for the identification and characterization of the small molecules that modulate transcriptional regulator (TR) binding to TR targets. We tested this approach using the methionine biosynthesis regulator (MetJ). We used effector mixtures containing S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) and S-adenosyl derivatives as potential ligands for MetJ binding. The differences in the elution time of different compounds allowed us to rank the binding affinity of each compound. Consistent with previous results, FAC-MS showed that SAM binds to MetJ with the highest affinity. In addition, adenine and 5'-deoxy-5'-(methylthio)adenosine bind to the effector binding site on MetJ. Our experiments with MetJ demonstrate that FAC-MS is capable of screening complex mixtures of molecules and identifying high-affinity binders to TRs. In addition, FAC-MS experiments can be used to discriminate between specific and nonspecific binding of the effectors as well as to estimate the dissociation constant (K(d)) for effector-TR binding. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  11. Photochemical reactions of fac-[Mn(CO)3(phen)imidazole]+: evidence for long-lived radical species intermediates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Aguiar, Inara; Inglez, Simone D; Lima, Francisco C A; Daniel, Juliana F S; McGarvey, Bruce R; Tedesco, Antônio C; Carlos, Rose M

    2008-12-15

    The electronic absorption spectrum of fac-[Mn(CO)(3)(phen)imH](+), fac-1 in CH(2)Cl(2) is characterized by a strong absorption band at 378 nm (epsilon(max) = 3200 mol(-1) L cm(-1)). On the basis of quantum mechanical calculations, the visible absorption band has been assigned to ligand-to-ligand charge-transfer (LLCT, im-->phen) and metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT, Mn-->phen) charge transfer transition. When fac-1 in CH(2)Cl(2) is irradiated with 350 nm continuous light, the absorption features are gradually shifted to represent those of the meridional complex mer-[Mn(CO)(3)(phen)imH](+), mer-1 (lambda(max) = 556 nm). The net photoreaction under these conditions is a photoisomerization, although, the presence of the long-lived radical species was also detected by (1)H NMR and FTIR spectroscopy. 355 nm continuous photolysis of fac-1 in CH(3)CN solution also gives the long-lived intermediate which is readily trapped by metylviologen (MV(2+)) giving rise to the formation of the one-electron reduced methyl viologen (MV(*+)). The UV-vis spectra monitored during the slow (45 min) thermal back reaction exhibited isosbestic conversion at 426 nm. On the basis of spectroscopic techniques and quantum mechanical calculations, the role of the radicals produced is analyzed.

  12. Synthesis of novel CeO2-BiVO4/FAC composites with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jin; Wang, Bing; Li, Chuang; Cui, Hao; Zhai, Jianping; Li, Qin

    2014-09-01

    To utilize visible light more effectively in photocatalytic reactions, a fly ash cenosphere (FAC)-supported CeO2-BiVO4 (CeO2-BiVO4/FAC) composite photocatalyst was prepared by modified metalorganic decomposition and impregnation methods. The physical and photophysical properties of the composite have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and UV-Visible diffuse reflectance spectra. The XRD patterns exhibited characteristic diffraction peaks of both BiVO4 and CeO2 crystalline phases. The XPS results showed that Ce was present as both Ce(4+) and Ce(3+) oxidation states in CeO2 and dispersed on the surface of BiVO4 to constitute a p-n heterojunction composite. The absorption threshold of the CeO2-BiVO4/FAC composite shifted to a longer wavelength in the UV-Vis absorption spectrum compared to the pure CeO2 and pure BiVO4. The composites exhibited enhanced photocatalytic activity for Methylene Blue (MB) degradation under visible light irradiation. It was found that the 7.5wt.% CeO2-BiVO4/FAC composite showed the highest photocatalytic activity for MB dye wastewater treatment. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  13. MaqFACS (Macaque Facial Action Coding System can be used to document facial movements in Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Églantine Julle-Danière

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Human and non-human primates exhibit facial movements or displays to communicate with one another. The evolution of form and function of those displays could be better understood through multispecies comparisons. Anatomically based coding systems (Facial Action Coding Systems: FACS are developed to enable such comparisons because they are standardized and systematic and aid identification of homologous expressions underpinned by similar muscle contractions. To date, FACS has been developed for humans, and subsequently modified for chimpanzees, rhesus macaques, orangutans, hylobatids, dogs, and cats. Here, we wanted to test whether the MaqFACS system developed in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta could be used to code facial movements in Barbary macaques (M. sylvanus, a species phylogenetically close to the rhesus macaques. The findings show that the facial movement capacity of Barbary macaques can be reliably coded using the MaqFACS. We found differences in use and form of some movements, most likely due to specializations in the communicative repertoire of each species, rather than morphological differences.

  14. Theoretical study on mechanism of the photochemical ligand substitution of fac-[Re(I)(bpy)(CO)3(PR3)](+) complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saita, Kenichiro; Harabuchi, Yu; Taketsugu, Tetsuya; Ishitani, Osamu; Maeda, Satoshi

    2016-07-14

    The mechanism of the CO ligand dissociation of fac-[Re(I)(bpy)(CO)3P(OMe)3](+) has theoretically been investigated, as the dominant process of the photochemical ligand substitution (PLS) reactions of fac-[Re(I)(bpy)(CO)3PR3](+), by using the (TD-)DFT method. The PLS reactivity can be determined by the topology of the T1 potential energy surface because the photoexcited complex is able to decay into the T1 state by internal conversions (through conical intersections) and intersystem crossings (via crossing seams) with sufficiently low energy barriers. The T1 state has a character of the metal-to-ligand charge-transfer ((3)MLCT) around the Franck-Condon region, and it changes to the metal-centered ((3)MC) state as the Re-CO bond is elongated and bent. The equatorial CO ligand has a much higher energy barrier to leave than that of the axial CO, so that the axial CO ligand selectively dissociates in the PLS reaction. The single-component artificial force induced reaction (SC-AFIR) search reveals the CO dissociation pathway in photostable fac-[Re(I)(bpy)(CO)3Cl]; however, the dissociation barrier on the T1 state is substantially higher than that in fac-[Re(I)(bpy)(CO)3PR3](+) and the minimum-energy seams of crossings (MESXs) are located before and below the barrier. The MESXs have also been searched in fac-[Re(I)(bpy)(CO)3PR3](+) and no MESXs were found before and below the barrier.

  15. Preparation, characterization and biological evaluation of fac(M(CO)3)+ labeled amino carboxy ligands

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baishya, Rinku; Halder, K.K.; Debnath, M.C.

    2010-01-01

    Full text: The objective of this study is to radiolabel various amino carboxy based chelating ligands with fac(M(CO) 3 )+ core, their physicochemical and biological characterization so that they can be used as bifunctional chelators and could be incorporated into biomolecules. Introduction: Amino acids as a class attract considerable physiological interest because of their participation in many vital processes associated with the living system. Some amino acids express in some particular organ like glutamic acid acts as excitatory neurotransmitter in mammalian brain. Histidine, methionine, tryptophan express in the tumor cell. Amino acids also play an important role for development of a new series of chelate complexes of 99m Tc that can direct the biodistribution of the radiotracer for purposes in diagnostic nuclear medicine. Various 99m Tc-amino acid chelates based on (Tc(V)O) 3 + core were reported from this laboratory some of which exhibited high renal specificity in animals. The structural requirements favouring this biological behaviour could be the oxotechnetium glycine sequence (TcO-NH-CH 2 -COOH) resembling the -CO-glycine sequence of hippurate. In recent years with the development of organometallic chemistry of technetium and rhenium for biological application intensive efforts have been executed on designing of the bifunctional chelator for effective coordination to (M(CO) 3 )+ core. The suitability and stability of the metal carbonyl core has given rise to a new platform for the preparation of the metal complexes of biologically active peptide in macroscopic quantity using the solid phase synthetic approach. Materials and Methods: We chelated different amino carboxy based ligands with ( 99m Tc(CO) 3 )+ and (Re(CO) 3 )+ core. The choice of amino acid was made by taking representative members from various groupings such as mono amino mono carboxylate, mono amino poly carboxylate, poly amino mono carboxylate and sulfur containing amino carboxylates. The

  16. Apportioning bacterial carbon source utilization in soil using 14 C isotope analysis of FISH-targeted bacterial populations sorted by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS): 14 C-FISH-FACS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gougoulias, Christos; Meade, Andrew; Shaw, Liz J

    2018-02-19

    An unresolved need in microbial ecology is methodology to enable quantitative analysis of in situ microbial substrate carbon use at the population level. Here, we evaluated if a novel combination of radiocarbon-labelled substrate tracing, fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) to sort the FISH-targeted population for quantification of incorporated radioactivity ( 14 C-FISH-FACS) can address this need. Our test scenario used FISH probe PSE1284 targeting Pseudomonas spp. (and some Burkholderia spp.) and salicylic acid added to rhizosphere soil. We examined salicylic acid- 14 C fate (mineralized, cell-incorporated, extractable and non-extractable) and mass balance (0-24 h) and show that the PSE1284 population captured ∼ 50% of the Nycodenz extracted biomass 14 C. Analysis of the taxonomic distribution of the salicylic acid biodegradation trait suggested that PSE1284 population success was not due to conservation of this trait but due to competitiveness for the added carbon. Adding 50KBq of 14 C sample -1 enabled detection of 14 C in the sorted population at ∼ 60-600 times background; a sensitivity which demonstrates potential extension to analysis of rarer/less active populations. Given its sensitivity and compatibility with obtaining a C mass balance, 14 C-FISH-FACS allows quantitative dissection of C flow within the microbial biomass that has hitherto not been achieved. © 2018 Society for Applied Microbiology and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Graphene-Immobilized fac-Re(bipy)(CO)3Cl for Syngas Generation from Carbon Dioxide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xin; Micheroni, Daniel; Lin, Zekai; Poon, Christopher; Li, Zhong; Lin, Wenbin

    2016-02-17

    We report the synthesis of fac-M(4-amino-bipy)(CO)3X (M = Mn and X = Br or M = Re and X = Cl, with bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine), their immobilization on graphene oxide (GrO) via diazonium grafting, and the use of Re-functionalized GrO for electrocatalytic syngas production. Infrared (IR) spectroscopy, X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy, and electrocatalysis indicated successful grafting of the Re catalyst onto GrO. Re-functionalized GrO was then deposited onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) for CO2 reduction. Investigation of the Re-functionalized GCE for syngas production was performed in a CO2-saturated acetonitrile solution with 3.1 M H2O as the proton source and 0.1 M tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate (TBAPF6) as the supporting electrolyte. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), controlled potential electrolysis (CPE), and gas chromatography (GC) were employed to determine its CO2-to-CO conversion performance. The Re catalyst shows a turnover frequency (TOF) for generating CO up to 4.44 s(-1) with a CO/H2 ratio of 7:5.

  18. INVESTIGATION OF THE HUMIDITY EFFECT ON THE FAC-IR-300 IONIZATION CHAMBER RESPONSE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi, Seyed Mostafa; Tavakoli-Anbaran, Hossein

    2018-02-01

    The free-air ionization chamber is communicating with the ambient air, therefore, the atmospheric parameters such as temperature, pressure and humidity effect on the ionization chamber performance. The free-air ionization chamber, entitled as FAC-IR-300, that design at the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, AEOI, is required the atmospheric correction factors for correct the chamber reading. In this article, the effect of humidity on the ionization chamber response was investigated. For this reason, was introduced the humidity correction factor, kh. In this article, the Monte Carlo simulation was used to determine the kh factor. The simulation results show in relative humidities between 30% to 80%, the kh factor is equal 0.9970 at 20°C and 0.9975 at 22°C. From the simulation results, at low energy the energy dependence of the kh factor is significant and with increasing energy this dependence is negligible. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  19. Diaphragm correction factors for the FAC-IR-300 free-air ionization chamber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi, Seyed Mostafa; Tavakoli-Anbaran, Hossein

    2018-02-01

    A free-air ionization chamber FAC-IR-300, designed by the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, is used as the primary Iranian national standard for the photon air kerma. For accurate air kerma measurements, the contribution from the scattered photons to the total energy released in the collecting volume must be eliminated. One of the sources of scattered photons is the chamber's diaphragm. In this paper, the diaphragm scattering correction factor, k dia , and the diaphragm transmission correction factor, k tr , were introduced. These factors represent corrections to the measured charge (or current) for the photons scattered from the diaphragm surface and the photons penetrated through the diaphragm volume, respectively. The k dia and k tr values were estimated by Monte Carlo simulations. The simulations were performed for the mono-energetic photons in the energy range of 20 - 300keV. According to the simulation results, in this energy range, the k dia values vary between 0.9997 and 0.9948, and k tr values decrease from 1.0000 to 0.9965. The corrections grow in significance with increasing energy of the primary photons. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Fuel Accident Condition Simulator (FACS) Furnace for Post-Irradiation Heating Tests of VHTR Fuel Compacts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul A Demkowicz; Paul Demkowicz; David V Laug

    2010-10-01

    Abstract –Fuel irradiation testing and post-irradiation examination are currently in progress as part of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant Fuels Development and Qualification Program. The PIE campaign will include extensive accident testing of irradiated very high temperature reactor fuel compacts to verify fission product retention characteristics at high temperatures. This work will be carried out at both the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, beginning with accident tests on irradiated fuel from the AGR-1 experiment in 2010. A new furnace system has been designed, built, and tested at INL to perform high temperature accident tests. The Fuel Accident Condition Simulator furnace system is designed to heat fuel specimens at temperatures up to 2000°C in helium while monitoring the release of volatile fission metals (e.g. Cs, Ag, Sr, Eu, and I) and fission gases (Kr, Xe). Fission gases released from the fuel to the sweep gas are monitored in real time using dual cryogenic traps fitted with high purity germanium detectors. Condensable fission products are collected on a plate attached to a water-cooled cold finger that can be exchanged periodically without interrupting the test. Analysis of fission products on the condensation plates involves dry gamma counting followed by chemical analysis of selected isotopes. This paper will describe design and operational details of the Fuel Accident Condition Simulator (FACS) furnace system, as well as preliminary system calibration results.

  1. Engineering a promiscuous pyrrolysyl-tRNA synthetase by a high throughput FACS screen

    KAUST Repository

    Hohl, Adrian

    2017-12-06

    The Pyrrolysyl-tRNA synthetase (PylRS) and its cognate tRNAPyl are used to facilitate the incorporation of non-canonical amino acids (ncAAs) into the genetic code of bacterial and eukaryotic cells by orthogonally reassigning the amber codon. Currently, the incorporation of new ncAAs requires a cumbersome engineering process composed of several positive and negative selection rounds to select the appropriate PylRS/tRNAPyl pair. Our fast and sensitive engineering approach required only a single FACS selection round to identify 110 orthogonal PylRS variants for the aminoacylation of 20 ncAAs. Pocket-substrate relationship from these variants led to the design of a highly promiscuous PylRS (HpRS), which catalyzed the aminoacylation of 31 structurally diverse lysine derivatives bearing clickable, fluorinated, fluorescent, and biotinylated entities. The high speed and sensitivity of our approach provides a competitive alternative to existing screening methodologies, and delivers insights into the complex PylRS-substrate interactions to facilitate the generation of additional promiscuous variants.

  2. FACS-Assisted CRISPR-Cas9 Genome Editing Facilitates Parkinson's Disease Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Arias-Fuenzalida

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Genome editing and human induced pluripotent stem cells hold great promise for the development of isogenic disease models and the correction of disease-associated mutations for isogenic tissue therapy. CRISPR-Cas9 has emerged as a versatile and simple tool for engineering human cells for such purposes. However, the current protocols to derive genome-edited lines require the screening of a great number of clones to obtain one free of random integration or on-locus non-homologous end joining (NHEJ-containing alleles. Here, we describe an efficient method to derive biallelic genome-edited populations by the use of fluorescent markers. We call this technique FACS-assisted CRISPR-Cas9 editing (FACE. FACE allows the derivation of correctly edited polyclones carrying a positive selection fluorescent module and the exclusion of non-edited, random integrations and on-target allele NHEJ-containing cells. We derived a set of isogenic lines containing Parkinson's-disease-associated mutations in α-synuclein and present their comparative phenotypes.

  3. Investigation of electron-loss and photon scattering correction factors for FAC-IR-300 ionization chamber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi, S. M.; Tavakoli-Anbaran, H.; Zeinali, H. Z.

    2017-02-01

    The parallel-plate free-air ionization chamber termed FAC-IR-300 was designed at the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, AEOI. This chamber is used for low and medium X-ray dosimetry on the primary standard level. In order to evaluate the air-kerma, some correction factors such as electron-loss correction factor (ke) and photon scattering correction factor (ksc) are needed. ke factor corrects the charge loss from the collecting volume and ksc factor corrects the scattering of photons into collecting volume. In this work ke and ksc were estimated by Monte Carlo simulation. These correction factors are calculated for mono-energy photon. As a result of the simulation data, the ke and ksc values for FAC-IR-300 ionization chamber are 1.0704 and 0.9982, respectively.

  4. Quantum Chemical Design Guidelines for Absorption and Emission Color Tuning of fac-Ir(ppy)₃ Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natori, Yoshiki; Kitagawa, Yasutaka; Aoki, Shogo; Teramoto, Rena; Tada, Hayato; Era, Iori; Nakano, Masayoshi

    2018-03-05

    The fac -Ir(ppy)₃ complex, where ppy denotes 2-phenylpyridine, is one of the well-known luminescent metal complexes having a high quantum yield. However, there have been no specific molecular design guidelines for color tuning. For example, it is still unclear how its optical properties are changed when changing substitution groups of ligands. Therefore, in this study, differences in the electronic structures and optical properties among several substituted fac -Ir(ppy)₃ derivatives are examined in detail by density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) calculations. On the basis of those results, we present rational design guidelines for absorption and emission color tuning by modifying the species of substituents and their substitution positions.

  5. Identifying the 630 nm auroral arc emission height: A comparison of the triangulation, FAC profile, and electron density methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Megan Gillies, D.; Knudsen, D.; Donovan, E.; Jackel, B.; Gillies, R.; Spanswick, E.

    2017-08-01

    We present a comprehensive survey of 630 nm (red-line) emission discrete auroral arcs using the newly deployed Redline Emission Geospace Observatory. In this study we discuss the need for observations of 630 nm aurora and issues with the large-altitude range of the red-line aurora. We compare field-aligned currents (FACs) measured by the Swarm constellation of satellites with the location of 10 red-line (630 nm) auroral arcs observed by all-sky imagers (ASIs) and find that a characteristic emission height of 200 km applied to the ASI maps gives optimal agreement between the two observations. We also compare the new FAC method against the traditional triangulation method using pairs of all-sky imagers (ASIs), and against electron density profiles obtained from the Resolute Bay Incoherent Scatter Radar-Canadian radar, both of which are consistent with a characteristic emission height of 200 km.

  6. Effect of material and environmental factors on FAC rate and on characteristics of oxide film of carbon steels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Watanabe, Yutaka; Abe, Hiroshi

    2010-01-01

    Combined effects of Cr content and pH on corrosion rate of carbon steels due to flow accelerated corrosion have been examined by experiments and their relation to oxide scale characteristics based on detailed oxide layer characterizations using transmission electron microscope with X-ray analyzer have been discussed. Effect of Cr content on FAC mitigation decrease continuously as pH is increased from neutral to 10.4 and effect of pH on that increase significantly from pH 9.1 to 9.4. Obvious Cr enrichment has been observed in the oxide layer of 1.01 wt % Cr content steel regardless pH condition. Cr concentration is highest at top surface of oxide layer, and that decrease from surface to oxide / metal interface gradually. It has been suggested that Cr enrichment stabilize oxide layer (decrease solubility and defect density of oxide layer), as a result, FAC suppressed. (author)

  7. Quantum Chemical Design Guidelines for Absorption and Emission Color Tuning of fac-Ir(ppy3 Complexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshiki Natori

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The fac-Ir(ppy3 complex, where ppy denotes 2-phenylpyridine, is one of the well-known luminescent metal complexes having a high quantum yield. However, there have been no specific molecular design guidelines for color tuning. For example, it is still unclear how its optical properties are changed when changing substitution groups of ligands. Therefore, in this study, differences in the electronic structures and optical properties among several substituted fac-Ir(ppy3 derivatives are examined in detail by density functional theory (DFT and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT calculations. On the basis of those results, we present rational design guidelines for absorption and emission color tuning by modifying the species of substituents and their substitution positions.

  8. Interrogation of Benzomalvin Biosynthesis Using Fungal Artificial Chromosomes with Metabolomic Scoring (FAC-MS): Discovery of a Benzodiazepine Synthase Activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clevenger, Kenneth D; Ye, Rosa; Bok, Jin Woo; Thomas, Paul M; Islam, Md Nurul; Miley, Galen P; Robey, Matthew T; Chen, Cynthia; Yang, KaHoua; Swyers, Michael; Wu, Edward; Gao, Peng; Wu, Chengcang C; Keller, Nancy P; Kelleher, Neil L

    2018-03-20

    The benzodiazepine benzomalvin A/D is a fungally derived specialized metabolite and inhibitor of the substance P receptor NK1, biosynthesized by a three-gene nonribosomal peptide synthetase cluster. Here, we utilize fungal artificial chromosomes with metabolomic scoring (FAC-MS) to perform molecular genetic pathway dissection and targeted metabolomics analysis to assign the in vivo role of each domain in the benzomalvin biosynthetic pathway. The use of FAC-MS identified the terminal cyclizing condensation domain as BenY-C T and the internal C-domains as BenZ-C 1 and BenZ-C 2 . Unexpectedly, we also uncovered evidence suggesting BenY-C T or a yet to be identified protein mediates benzodiazepine formation, representing the first reported benzodiazepine synthase enzymatic activity. This work informs understanding of what defines a fungal C T domain and shows how the FAC-MS platform can be used as a tool for in vivo analyses of specialized metabolite biosynthesis and for the discovery and dissection of new enzyme activities.

  9. Combination of FACS and homologous recombination for the generation of stable and high-expression engineered cell lines.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Shi

    Full Text Available Traditionally, cell line generation requires several months and involves screening of over several hundred cell clones for high productivity before dozens are selected as candidate cell lines. Here, we have designed a new strategy for the generation of stable and high-expression cell lines by combining homologous recombination (HR and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS. High expression was indicated by the expression of secreted green fluorescent protein (SEGFP. Parental cell lines with the highest expression of SEGFP were then selected by FACS and identified by stability analysis. Consequently, HR vectors were constructed using the cassette for SEGFP as the HR region. After transfecting the HR vector, the cells with negative SEGFP expression were enriched by FACS. The complete exchange between SEGFP and target gene (TNFR-Fc cassettes was demonstrated by DNA analysis. Compared with the traditional method, by integrating the cassette containing the gene of interest into the pre-selected site, the highest producing cells secreted a more than 8-fold higher titer of target protein. Hence, this new strategy can be applied to isolated stable cell lines with desirable expression of any gene of interest. The stable cell lines can rapidly produce proteins for researching protein structure and function and are even applicable in drug discovery.

  10. S-bridged complex of 99mTc with fac (S)-[Rh(aet)3]. Quality control, characterization and biodistribution studies in rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Amir, N.; Roohi, S.; Pervez, S.; Mushtaq, A.; Jehangir, M.; Miyashita, Y.; Okamoto, K.

    2009-01-01

    fac(S)-[Rh(aet) 3 ] (aet = 2-aminoethanethiolate) is N 3 S 3 metalloligand which can coordinate to transition metal ions to form S-bridged polynuclear complexes. The reaction was carried out between 99m TcO 4 Na and fac(S)-[Rh(aet) 3 ] in the presence of SnCl 2 x 2H 2 O. A complex analogous to [Re(Rh(aet 3 )) 2 ] 3+ is formed. A simple method for radiolabeling of fac(S)-[Rh(aet) 3 ] with 99m Tc has been developed and radiolabeling efficiency was higher than 99%. Effect of SnCl 2 x 2H 2 O concentration, electrophoresis, HPLC, UV-Visible absorption spectra and biodistribution studies in rats were performed. Higher uptake by kidneys showed rapid distribution of the labeled fac(S)-[Rh(aet) 3 ]. Liver uptake was significant, stomach, lungs and intestine uptake was high at 4 hours post injection time. (author)

  11. National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project Fluorescent Aromatic Compounds (FAC) Data, 1984-1991, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Status and Trends (NSandT) Benthic Surveillance Fluorescent Aromatic Compounds (FAC) file reports the trace concentrations of Fluorescent Aromatic...

  12. Association of creatinine clearance with neutropenia in breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy with fluorouracil, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FAC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montoya, J E; Luna, H G; Morelos, A B; Catedral, M M; Lava, A L; Amparo, J R; Cristal-Luna, G R

    2013-04-01

    Fluorouracil, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide protocol (FAC) is a commonly used regimen for breast cancer due to its proven efficacy, acceptable toxicity, high affordability. While hepatic insufficiency dosing for doxorubicin and fluorouracil have been set, there is paucity of data in the literature on how to reduce doses in renal insufficiency. We sought to determine whether there is an association with pre-chemotherapy creatinine clearance, and the occurrence of clinically significant grade 3 to 5 neutropenia during the course of FAC chemotherapy. A retrospective study involving chart review from 2009 to June 2012, of breast cancer patients given FAC was conducted. Demographic profile, pre-chemotherapy complete blood count and creatinine clearance (CrCl) were recorded. Occurrence of Grade 3 to 5 neutropenia was the endpoint of the study. Descriptive statistics, one tailed t test, logistic regression analysis were done between the outcome and variables. A total of 53 patients were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 49.77 ± 10.82 years. Patients had an ECOG performance status range of 1 to 3. Patients received mean 5.64 ± 0.92 cycles of FAC protocol chemotherapy. Pre-treatment chemotherapy WBC was 7.41 ± 2.68x109/L, Hemoglobin was 12.60 ± 1.16 g/dL, ANC 4656.89 ± 2379.32. Pre treatment CrCl was 90.79 ± 31.49 ml/min. Thirteen subjects, or 24.53% developed at least grade 3 neutropenia. Patients who developed neutropenia were significantly different from those who did not in terms of baseline WBC p=0.046 and Weight p=0.0119, CrCl p=0.032. Using logistic regression analysis, only creatinine clearance was a significant predictor of neutropenia. There was an inverse association between creatinine clearance and neutropenia, OR 0.887, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.808- 0.973, p=0.011. The study revealed that breast cancer patients treated with FAC, there was an inverse association between creatinine clearance and occurrence of neutropenia.

  13. Towards and FVE-FAC Method for Determining Thermocapillary Effects on Weld Pool Shape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canright, David; Henson, Van Emden

    1996-01-01

    Several practical materials processes, e.g., welding, float-zone purification, and Czochralski crystal growth, involve a pool of molten metal with a free surface, with strong temperature gradients along the surface. In some cases, the resulting thermocapillary flow is vigorous enough to convect heat toward the edges of the pool, increasing the driving force in a sort of positive feedback. In this work we examine this mechanism and its effect on the solid-liquid interface through a model problem: a half space of pure substance with concentrated axisymmetric surface heating, where surface tension is strong enough to keep the liquid free surface flat. The numerical method proposed for this problem utilizes a finite volume element (FVE) discretization in cylindrical coordinates. Because of the axisymmetric nature of the model problem, the control volumes used are torroidal prisms, formed by taking a polygonal cross-section in the (r, z) plane and sweeping it completely around the z-axis. Conservation of energy (in the solid), and conservation of energy, momentum, and mass (in the liquid) are enforced globally by integrating these quantities and enforcing conservation over each control volume. Judicious application of the Divergence Theorem and Stokes' Theorem, combined with a Crank-Nicolson time-stepping scheme leads to an implicit algebraic system to be solved at each time step. It is known that near the boundary of the pool, that is, near the solid-liquid interface, the full conduction-convection solution will require extremely fine length scales to resolve the physical behavior of the system. Furthermore, this boundary moves as a function of time. Accordingly, we develop the foundation of an adaptive refinement scheme based on the principles of Fast Adaptive Composite Grid methods (FAC). Implementation of the method and numerical results will appear in a later report.

  14. 'With a bit of tweaking…we could be great'. An exploratory study of the perceptions of students on working with older people in a preregistration BSc (Hons) Nursing course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duggan, Seana; Mitchell, Elizabeth A; Moore, Kevin D

    2013-09-01

    With ageing demographics, it is important that nurse education curriculum can prepare students to work with older people. To explore students' perceptions of working with older people and the extent to which their preregistration curriculum is preparing them for this role. A qualitative research design, incorporating focus groups in data collection. Four focus groups were held in January 2011, involving a total of 32 students undertaking a preregistration BSc (Hons) nursing degree course. An overt focus in the preregistration curriculum on acute and critical care and perceived deficits in care of older people content left some students feeling underprepared to work with older people and to challenge ritualistic practice. Clinical placement experience and mentor support appeared to be influencing students' decisions about whether they would consider working with older people in the future. Education providers should ensure that students are adequately prepared to work with older people and that students are supported when they observe poor practice. A finding that observation of ritualistic practice could prompt some students to consider working with older people, warrants further research. Implications for practice. Nurse educators should evaluate the content and delivery of their preregistration courses to ensure that the prerequisite knowledge, skills and attitudes required to work with older people are accorded appropriate value and attention. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  15. SuperSAGE analysis of the Nicotiana attenuata transcriptome after fatty acid-amino acid elicitation (FAC): identification of early mediators of insect responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilardoni, Paola A; Schuck, Stefan; Jüngling, Ruth; Rotter, Björn; Baldwin, Ian T; Bonaventure, Gustavo

    2010-04-14

    Plants trigger and tailor defense responses after perception of the oral secretions (OS) of attacking specialist lepidopteran larvae. Fatty acid-amino acid conjugates (FACs) in the OS of the Manduca sexta larvae are necessary and sufficient to elicit the herbivory-specific responses in Nicotiana attenuata, an annual wild tobacco species. How FACs are perceived and activate signal transduction mechanisms is unknown. We used SuperSAGE combined with 454 sequencing to quantify the early transcriptional changes elicited by the FAC N-linolenoyl-glutamic acid (18:3-Glu) and virus induced gene silencing (VIGS) to examine the function of candidate genes in the M. sexta-N. attenuata interaction. The analysis targeted mRNAs encoding regulatory components: rare transcripts with very rapid FAC-elicited kinetics (increases within 60 and declines within 120 min). From 12,744 unique Tag sequences identified (UniTags), 430 and 117 were significantly up- and down-regulated >or= 2.5-fold, respectively, after 18:3-Glu elicitation compared to wounding. Based on gene ontology classification, more than 25% of the annotated UniTags corresponded to putative regulatory components, including 30 transcriptional regulators and 22 protein kinases. Quantitative PCR analysis was used to analyze the FAC-dependent regulation of a subset of 27 of these UniTags and for most of them a rapid and transient induction was confirmed. Six FAC-regulated genes were functionally characterized by VIGS and two, a putative lipid phosphate phosphatase (LPP) and a protein of unknown function, were identified as important mediators of the M. sexta-N. attenuata interaction. The analysis of the early changes in the transcriptome of N. attenuata after FAC elicitation using SuperSAGE/454 has identified regulatory genes involved in insect-specific mediated responses in plants. Moreover, it has provided a foundation for the identification of additional novel regulators associated with this process.

  16. The photophysics of fac-[Re(CO)3(NN)(bpa)](+) complexes: a theoretical/experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, S F; Sampaio, R N; Barbosa Neto, N M; Machado, A E H; Patrocinio, A O T

    2014-08-01

    The influence of the polypyridyl ligand on the photophysics of fac-[Re(CO)3(NN)(bpa)](+), bpa = 1,2-bis-(4-pyridyl)ethane and NN = 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), pyrazino[2,3-f][1,10]-phenanthroline (dpq), and dipyrido[3,2-a:2'3'-c]phenazine (dppz) has been investigated by steady state and time-resolved emission spectroscopy combined with theoretical calculations using time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT). The fac-[Re(CO)3(phen)(bpa)](+) is a typical MLCT emitter in acetonitrile with ϕ = 0.11 and τ = 970 ns. The emission lifetime and quantum yield decrease significantly in fac-[Re(CO)3(dpq)(bpa)](+) (ϕ = 0.05; τ = 375 ns) due to the presence of a close lying dark charge transfer state located at the pyrazine ring of dpq, as indicated by TD-DFT data. The luminescence of these complexes is quenched by hydroquinone with kq = (2.9 ± 0.1) × 10(9) and (2.6 ± 0.1) × 10(9) L mol(-1) s(-1), respectively, for NN = phen or dpq. These values are increased respectively to (4.6 ± 0.1) × 10(9) and (4.2 ± 0.1) × 10(9) L mol(-1) s(-1) in the 1 : 1 H2O-CH3CN mixture. In this medium Stern-Volmer constants determined by steady-state and time-resolved measurements differ from each other, which is indicative of static quenching, i.e. the pre-association of hydroquinone and the complexes through hydrogen bonding between the remote N-atom in the bpa ligand (KA ≅ 1-2 × 10(1) L mol(-1)), followed by a concerted proton-electron transfer. In contrast to other investigated complexes, fac-[Re(CO)3(dppz)(bpa)](+) is weakly emissive in acetonitrile at room temperature (ϕ ≅ 10(-4)) and does not exhibit a rigidochromic effect. This photophysical behaviour as well as TD-DFT data indicate that the lowest lying triplet excited state can be described as (3)ILdppz. The results provide additional insight into the influence of the polypyridyl ligand on the photophysical properties of Re(I) complexes.

  17. Experience of development, certification and usage of computer codes for calculation of FAC in the piping of NPP with WWER type reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baranenko, V.I.; Oleynik, S.G.; Istomin, R.S.; Kumov, A.V.; Dolgikh, A.P.; Kornienko, K.A.

    2006-09-01

    Full text of publication follows: The flow - accelerated corrosion (FAC) is a widespread source of damage in NPP piping. Last years many tasks concerning service life control of pipe line system which are exposed to FAC were solved. The tasks included development of computer codes (CC) for calculations of FAC rate, thinning degree of pipe walls and assessment of tolerance of wall thickness for sections with common and local thinning of the wall. The Russian NPPs began to organize the life control service for the pipe systems exposed to FAC, later than in other countries. Usage of foreign and domestic experience allowed reducing of time consumed for CC development for FAC calculation, for wall thickness tolerance and other information. In this report the experience of development, certification of control authorities and CC usage are analyzed on NPPs with WWER reactor systems. In accordance with rules and regulations for NPP in force in Russia the utilization of developed CC have to be certified by control authorities. Other worked out documentation demands approval of control organs, as well. The list of CCs in Russia (EKI-01, EKI-02, EKI-03 and EKI-04) is the same as the well known foreign CCs, namely CHECWORKS in USA and COMSY in Germany. In contrast to Russia, the foreign CCs are not calibrated by authorised organisations. As the Russian experience shows, the CC calibration accompanies the increasing of requirements for vindication of the calculation accuracy and a more precise definition of a factor range included in CC. Type of reactor and pipe lines system list have to be put in the verification reports. The report of CC development has to include results of FAC calculation of reactor pipe lines indicated in the verification documents. Verification necessity increases time required by the CC development. The certification of Russian control organisations is in conformity with a new developed (2000-2002) management directive. The computer codes EKI-01 and EKI

  18. Activation of rhenium(I) toward substitution in fac-[Re(N,O'-Bid)(CO)3(HOCH3)] by Schiff-base bidentate ligands (N,O'-Bid).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brink, Alice; Visser, Hendrik G; Roodt, Andreas

    2013-08-05

    A series of fac-[Re(N,O'-Bid)(CO)3(L)] (N,O'-Bid = monoanionic bidentate Schiff-base ligands with N,O donor atoms; L = neutral monodentate ligand) has been synthesized, and the methanol substitution reactions have been investigated. The complexes were characterized by NMR, IR, and UV-vis spectroscopy. X-ray crystal structures of the compounds fac-[Re(Sal-mTol)(CO)3(HOCH3)], fac-[Re(Sal-pTol)(CO)3(HOCH3)], fac-[Re(Sal-Ph)(CO)3(HOCH3)], and fac-[Re(Sal-Ph)(CO)3(Py)] (Sal-mTol = 2-(m-tolyliminomethyl)phenolato; Sal-pTol = 2-(p-tolyliminomethyl)phenolato; Sal-Ph = 2-(phenyliminomethyl)phenolato; Py = pyridine) are reported. Significant activation for the methanol substitution is induced by the use of the N,O bidentate ligand as manifested by the second order rate constants, with limiting kinetics being observed for the first time. Rate constants (25 °C) (k1 or k3) and activation parameters (ΔHk‡, kJ mol(-1); ΔSk‡, J K(-1) mol(-1)) from Eyring plots for entering nucleophiles as indicated are as follows: fac-[Re(Sal-mTol)(CO)3(HOCH3)] 3-chloropyridine: (k1) 2.33 ± 0.01 M(-1) s(-1); 85.1 ± 0.6, 48 ± 2; fac-[Re(Sal-mTol)(CO)3(HOCH3)] pyridine: (k1) 1.29 ± 0.02 M(-1) s(-1); 92 ± 2, 66 ± 7; fac-[Re(Sal-mTol)(CO)3(HOCH3)] 4-picoline: (k1) 1.27 ± 0.05 M(-1) s(-1); 88 ± 2, 53 ± 6; (k3) 3.9 ± 0.03 s(-1); 78 ± 8, 30 ± 27; (kf) 1.7 ± 0.02 M(-1) s(-1); 86 ± 2, 49 ± 6; fac-[Re(Sal-mTol)(CO)3(HOCH3)] DMAP (k3) 1.15 ± 0.02 s(-1); 88 ± 2, 52 ± 7. An interchange dissociative mechanism is proposed.

  19. 18F-FAC PET selectively images hepatic infiltrating CD4 and CD8 T cells in a mouse model of autoimmune hepatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salas, Jessica R; Chen, Bao Ying; Wong, Alicia; Cheng, Donghui; Van Arnam, John S; Witte, Owen N; Clark, Peter M

    2018-04-26

    Immune cell-mediated attack on the liver is a defining feature of autoimmune hepatitis and hepatic allograft rejection. Despite an assortment of diagnostic tools, invasive biopsies remain the only method for identifying immune cells in the liver. We evaluated whether PET imaging with radiotracers that quantify immune activation ( 18 F-FDG and 18 F-FAC) and hepatocyte biology ( 18 F-DFA) can visualize and quantify hepatic infiltrating immune cells and hepatocyte inflammation, respectively, in a preclinical model of autoimmune hepatitis. Methods: Mice treated with Concanavalin A (ConA) to induce a model of autoimmune hepatitis or vehicle were imaged with 18 F-FDG, 18 F-FAC, and 18 F-DFA PET. Immunohistochemistry, digital autoradiography, and ex vivo accumulation assays were used to localize areas of altered radiotracer accumulation in the liver. For comparison, mice treated with an adenovirus to induce a viral hepatitis or vehicle were imaged with 18 F-FDG, 18 F-FAC, and 18 F-DFA PET. 18 F-FAC PET was performed on mice treated with ConA, and vehicle or dexamethasone. Biopsy samples of patients suffering from autoimmune hepatitis were immunostained for deoxycytidine kinase (dCK). Results: Hepatic accumulation of 18 F-FDG and 18 F-FAC was 173% and 61% higher, respectively, and hepatic accumulation of 18 F-DFA was 41% lower in a mouse model of autoimmune hepatitis compared to control mice. Increased hepatic 18 F-FDG accumulation was localized to infiltrating leukocytes and inflamed sinusoidal endothelial cells, increased hepatic 18 F-FAC accumulation was concentrated in infiltrating CD4 and CD8 cells, and decreased hepatic 18 F-DFA accumulation was apparent in hepatocytes throughout the liver. In contrast, viral hepatitis increased hepatic 18 F-FDG accumulation by 109% and decreased hepatic 18 F-DFA accumulation by 20% but had no effect on hepatic 18 F-FAC accumulation (non-significant 2% decrease). 18 F-FAC PET provided a non-invasive biomarker of the efficacy of

  20. Interplay of Zero-Field Splitting and Excited State Geometry Relaxation in fac-Ir(ppy)3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Vazquez, José P; Burn, Paul L; Powell, Benjamin J

    2015-11-02

    The lowest energy triplet state, T1, of organometallic complexes based on iridium(III) is of fundamental interest, as the behavior of molecules in this state determines the suitability of the complex for use in many applications, e.g., organic light-emitting diodes. Previous characterization of T1 in fac-Ir(ppy)3 suggests that the trigonal symmetry of the complex is weakly broken in the excited state. Here we report relativistic time dependent density functional calculations of the zero-field splitting (ZFS) of fac-Ir(ppy)3 in the ground state (S0) and lowest energy triplet (T1) geometries and at intermediate geometries. We show that the energy scale of the geometry relaxation in the T1 state is large compared to the ZFS. Thus, the natural analysis of the ZFS and the radiative decay rates, based on the assumption that the structural distortion is a small perturbation, fails dramatically. In contrast, our calculations of these quantities are in good agreement with experiment.

  1. Study on radiolabeling of 1, 2, 3-triazole analogs with fac-[188Re(CO)3(H2O)3]+ via click chemistry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Cheng; Yin Jilin; Zhou Zheng; Zhou Wei; Zhang Lan

    2013-01-01

    Click chemistry was used to study on radiolabeling of 1, 2, 3-triazole analogs with. fac-[ 188 Re(CO) 3 (H 2 O) 3 ] + . CuSO 4 /L-sodium ascorbate was chosen as the catalyst system, three terminal alkynes were conjugated with two different azides respectively, and then the new prepared fac-[ 188 Re(CO) 3 (H 2 O) 3 ] + was coordinated to the six triazoles. The results showed that the radiochemical yields (RCY) of the conjugation of fac-[ 188 Re(CO) 3 ] + with six triazoles were over 90%, and the triazoles showed high stability in phosphate-buffered saline and new-born calf serum. The preliminary biological evaluation results showed that the new 188 Re-labeling method via click chemistry could have general application in labeling bioactive molecules in high radiochemical yield and high specific activity for further SPECT research. (authors)

  2. Asymmetric distribution of the ionospheric electric potential in the opposite hemispheres as inferred from the SuperDARN observations and FAC-based convection model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lukianova, R.; Hanuise, C.; Christiansen, Freddy

    2008-01-01

    We compare the SuperDARN convection patterns with the predictions of a new numerical model of the global distribution of ionospheric electric potentials. The model utilizes high-precision statistical maps of field-aligned currents (FAC) derived from measurements made by polar-orbiting low...... governed by the IMF clock angle and solar zenith angle. We calculate the convection patterns for specific cases caused by the sign of By and season and demonstrate the capability of the FAC-based model reproduce the radar observations. The simulation confirms that the solar zenith angle should be linked...

  3. Coordination modes of multidentate ligands in fac-[Re(CO)(3)(polyaminocarboxylate)] analogues of (99m)Tc radiopharmaceuticals. dependence on aqueous solution reaction conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipowska, Malgorzata; He, Haiyang; Xu, Xiaolong; Taylor, Andrew T; Marzilli, Patricia A; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2010-04-05

    We study Re analogues of (99m)Tc renal agents to interpret previous results at the (99m)Tc tracer level. The relative propensities of amine donors versus carboxylate oxygen donors of four L = polyaminocarboxylate ligands to coordinate in fac-[Re(I)(CO)(3)L](n) complexes were assessed by examining the reaction of fac-[Re(I)(CO)(3)(H(2)O)(3)](+) under conditions differing in acidity and temperature. All four L [N,N-bis-(2-aminoethyl)glycine (DTGH), N,N-ethylenediaminediacetic acid, diethylenetriamine-N-malonic acid, and diethylenetriamine-N-acetic acid] can coordinate as tridentate ligands while creating a dangling chain terminated in a carboxyl group. Dangling carboxyl groups facilitate renal clearance in fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(CO)(3)L](n) agents. Under neutral conditions, the four ligands each gave two fac-[Re(I)(CO)(3)L](n) products with HPLC traces correlating well with known traces of the fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(CO)(3)L](n) mixtures. Such mixtures are common in renal agents because the needed dangling carboxyl group can compete for a coordination site. However, the HPLC separations needed to assess the biodistribution of a single tracer are impractical in a clinical setting. One goal in investigating this Re chemistry is to identify conditions for avoiding this problem of mixtures in preparations of fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(CO)(3)L](n) renal tracers. After separation and isolation of the fac-[Re(I)(CO)(3)L](n) products, NMR analysis of all products and single crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis of both DTGH products, as well as one product each from the other L, allowed us to establish coordination mode unambiguously. The product favored in acidic conditions has a dangling amine chain and more bound oxygen. The product favored in basic conditions has a dangling carboxyl chain and more bound nitrogen. At the elevated temperatures used for simulating tracer preparation, equilibration was facile (ca. 1 h or less), allowing selective formation of one product by utilizing acidic or

  4. Mild and Low-Pressure fac-Ir(ppy)3 -Mediated Radical Aminocarbonylation of Unactivated Alkyl Iodides through Visible-Light Photoredox Catalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Shiao Y; Stevens, Marc Y; Åkerbladh, Linda; Bergman, Sara; Odell, Luke R

    2016-06-27

    A novel, mild and facile preparation of alkyl amides from unactivated alkyl iodides employing a fac-Ir(ppy)3 -catalyzed radical aminocarbonylation protocol has been developed. Using a two-chambered system, alkyl iodides, fac-Ir(ppy)3 , amines, reductants, and CO gas (released ex situ from Mo(CO)6 ), were combined and subjected to an initial radical reductive dehalogenation generating alkyl radicals, and a subsequent aminocarbonylation with amines affording a wide range of alkyl amides in moderate to excellent yields. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  5. Probing the mer- to fac-isomerization of tris-cyclometallated homo- and heteroleptic (C,N)3 iridium(III) complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Aidan R; Lutz, Martin; von Chrzanowski, Lars S; van Klink, Gerard P M; Spek, Anthony L; van Koten, Gerard

    2008-08-04

    We have developed techniques which allow for covalent tethering, via a "hetero" cyclometallating ligand, of heteroleptic tris-cyclometallated iridium(III) complexes to polymeric supports (for application in light-emitting diode technologies). This involved the selective synthesis and thorough characterization of heteroleptic [Ir(C,N) 2(C',N')] tris-cyclometallated iridium(III) complexes. Furthermore, the synthesis and characterization of heteroleptic [Ir(C,N) 2OR] complexes is presented. Under standard thermal conditions for the synthesis of the facial ( fac) isomer of tris-cyclometallated complexes, it was not possible to synthesize pure heteroleptic complexes of the form [Ir(C,N) 2(C',N')]. Instead, a mixture of homo- and heteroleptic complexes was acquired. It was found that a stepwise procedure involving the synthesis of a pure meridonial ( mer) isomer followed by photochemical isomerization of this mer to the fac isomer was necessary to synthesize pure fac-[Ir(C,N) 2(C',N')] complexes. Under thermal isomerization conditions, the conversion of mer-[Ir(C,N) 2(C',N')] to fac-[Ir(C,N) 2(C',N')] was also not a clean reaction, with again a mixture of homo- and heteroleptic complexes acquired. An investigation into the thermal mer to fac isomerization of both homo- and heteroleptic tris-cyclometallated complexes is presented. It was found that the process is an alcohol-catalyzed reaction with the formation of an iridium alkoxide [Ir(C,N) 2OR] intermediate in the isomerization process. This catalyzed reaction can be carried out between 50 and 100 degrees C, the first such example of low-temperature mer-fac thermal isomerization. We have synthesized analogous complexes and have shown that they do indeed react so as to give fac-tris-cyclometallated products. A detailed explanation of the intermediates (and all of their stereoisomers, in particular when systems of the generic formula [M(a,b) 2(a',b')] are synthesized) formed in the mer to fac isomerization process is

  6. Phosphorescence quenching of fac-tris(2-phenylpyridyl)iridium(iii) complexes in thin films on dielectric surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribierre, J C; Ruseckas, A; Staton, S V; Knights, K; Cumpstey, N; Burn, P L; Samuel, I D W

    2016-02-07

    We study the influence of the film thickness on the time-resolved phosphorescence and the luminescence quantum yield of fac-tris(2-phenylpyridyl)iridium(iii) [Ir(ppy)3]-cored dendrimers deposited on dielectric substrates. A correlation is observed between the surface quenching velocity and the quenching rate by intermolecular interactions in the bulk film, which suggests that both processes are controlled by dipole-dipole interactions between Ir(ppy)3 complexes at the core of the dendrimers. It is also found that the surface quenching velocity decreases as the refractive index of the substrate is increased. This can be explained by partial screening of dipole-dipole interactions by the dielectric environment.

  7. Synthesis, characterization and relativistic DFT studies of fac-Re(CO)3(isonicotinic acid)2Cl complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zúñiga, César; Oyarzún, Diego P.; Martin-Transaco, Rudy; Yáñez-S, Mauricio; Tello, Alejandra; Fuentealba, Mauricio; Cantero-López, Plinio; Arratia-Pérez, Ramiro

    2017-11-01

    In this work, new fac-Re(CO)3(PyCOOH)2Cl from isonicotinic acid ligand has been prepared. The complex was characterized by structural (single-crystal X-ray diffraction), elemental analysis and spectroscopic (FTIR, NMR, UV-vis spectroscopy) methods. DFT and TDDFT calculations were performed to obtain the electronic transitions involved in their UV-Vis spectrum. The excitation energies agree with the experimental results. The TDDFT calculations suggest that experimental mixed absorption bands at 270 and 314 nm could be assigned to (MLCT-LLCT)/MLCT transitions. Natural Bond Orbitals (NBO) approach has enabled studying the effects of bonding interactions. E(2) energies confirm the occurrence of ICT (Intra-molecular Charge Transfer) within the molecule.

  8. Biliary fluorescent aromatic compounds (FACs) measured by fixed wavelength fluorescence (FF) in several marine fish species from the NW Mediterranean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Insausti, David; Carrasson, Maite; Maynou, Francesc; Cartes, Joan E; Solé, Montserrat

    2009-11-01

    The fixed wavelength fluoresce (FF) method was used to estimate the levels of fluorescent aromatic compounds (FACs) in the bile of fourteen fish species of commercial and/or ecological interest. Sampling was carried out in the NW Mediterranean at depths ranging from 50 to 1000 m during four seasonal cruises. During the summer sampling period, some species were also collected from another site (Vilanova fishing grounds) for comparison. Baseline levels of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) naphthalene, phenanthrene, pyrene and benzo[a]pyrene were measured. Some seasonality was observed, with reduced FF levels in summer and no differences among sites, consistent with sediment PAH levels. We discuss our results in relation to fish phylogeny, season, depth, diet, trophic level and swimming capacity. Overall FF levels indicated differences among species; the suprabenthic feeders from shallow and deep communities, and Mullus barbatus in particular, displayed elevated FF values and are potential candidates for additional monitoring studies.

  9. Association studies to transporting proteins of fac-ReI(CO)3(pterin)(H2O) complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ragone, Fabricio; Saavedra, Héctor H Martínez; García, Pablo F; Wolcan, Ezequiel; Argüello, Gerardo A; Ruiz, Gustavo T

    2017-01-01

    A new synthetic route to acquire the water soluble complex fac-Re I (CO) 3 (pterin)(H 2 O) was carried out in aqueous solution. The complex has been obtained with success via the fac-[Re I (CO) 3 (H 2 O) 3 ]Cl precursor complex. Re I (CO) 3 (pterin)(H 2 O) has been found to bind strongly with bovine and human serum albumins (BSA and HSA) with intrinsic-binding constants, K b , of 6.5 × 10 5 M -1 and 5.6 × 10 5 M -1 at 310 K, respectively. The interactions of serum albumins with Re I (CO) 3 (pterin)(H 2 O) were evaluated employing UV-vis fluorescence and absorption spectroscopy and circular dichroism. The results suggest that the serum albumins-Re I (CO) 3 (pterin)(H 2 O) interactions occurred in the domain IIA-binding pocket without loss of helical stability of the proteins. The comparison of the fluorescence quenching of BSA and HSA due to the binding to the Re(I) complex suggested that local interaction around the Trp 214 residue had taken place. The analysis of the thermodynamic parameters ΔG 0 , ΔH 0 , and ΔS 0 indicated that the hydrophobic interactions played a major role in both HSA-Re(I) and BSA-Re(I) association processes. All these experimental results suggest that these proteins can be considered as good carriers for transportation of Re I (CO) 3 (pterin)(H 2 O) complex. This is of significant importance in relation to the use of this Re(I) complex in several biomedical fields, such as photodynamic therapy and radiopharmacy.

  10. “Behandl dig selv med honning"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mejrup, Kristian; Bjerring-Nielsen, Mattias

    2015-01-01

    with a heavenly figure, a potent Joseph lookalike, who reveals to her inexpressible secrets mediated in an exuberant honeycomb. The revelatory capacity of honey is stylistically rendered by means of repetition, pleonasm, chorus, reprises and gestures. The encounter with “Das ganz Andere” does not leave Aseneth...... entirely perturbed and paralysed. In fact, her free speech and wits remain as if protected by a honeysweetened agency. The article emphasizes the necessity of a ‘conversion’ by the reader enabling him to grasp the sublime potential of the aesthetics of sweetness....

  11. A preliminary study on a piping-FAC mitigation in a deoxygenated solution at pH 8.5 and 150 .deg. C by a platinum dioxide doping

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sung, Ki Woung; Seo, Hyun Il; Lee, Eun Hee; Kim, Uh Chul; Maeng, Wan Young

    2007-01-01

    In the secondary water chemistry system of the PWR nuclear power plants, a lot of the system pipes have experienced a Flow-Accelerated Corrosion (FAC). Piping FAC is generally initiated by a loss of the protective surface layer, the composition of which is mainly magnetic (Fe 3 O-4), located on the inner surface of the pies that are mostly made of carbon steels. To mitigate the FAC chemically, magnetite should be protected from a severe water chemistry environment. The previous work in this laboratory had been carried out about a pH optimization and a hydrazine concentration effect, and we have extended our investigation to cover other type of FAC mitigation. The purpose of the present work is to preliminarily study a platinum doping effect on piping FAC mitigation under a simulated PWR secondary water chemistry condition. Though the work is still continuing, we have reached a certain conclusion

  12. Isothiocyanate-functionalized bifunctional chelates and fac-[MI(CO)3]+ (M = Re, 99mTc) complexes for targeting uPAR in prostate cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Developing strategies to rapidly incorporate the fac-[MI(CO)3]+ (M = Re, 99mTc) core into biological targeting vectors is a growing realm in radiopharmaceutical development. This work presents the preparation of a novel isothiocyanate-functionalized bifunctional chelate based on 2,2´-dipicolylamine ...

  13. A novel radiochemical approach to 1-(2'-deoxy-2'-[(18) F]fluoro-β-d-arabinofuranosyl)cytosine ((18) F-FAC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Jan-Philip; Probst, Katrin C; Trist, Iuni M L; McGuigan, Christopher; Westwell, Andrew D

    2014-09-01

    (18) F-FAC (1-(2'-deoxy-2'-[(18) F]fluoro-β-D-arabinofuranosyl)-cytosine) is an important 2'-fluoro-nucleoside-based positron emission tomography (PET) tracer that has been used for in vivo prediction of response to the widely used cancer chemotherapy drug gemcitabine. Previously reported synthetic routes to (18) F-FAC have relied on early introduction of the (18) F radiolabel prior to attachment to protected cytosine base. Considering the (18) F radiochemical half-life (110 min) and the technical challenges of multi-step syntheses on PET radiochemistry modular systems, late-stage radiofluorination is preferred for reproducible and reliable radiosynthesis with in vivo applications. Herein, we report the first late-stage radiosynthesis of (18) F-FAC. Cytidine derivatives with leaving groups at the 2'-position are particularly prone to undergo anhydro side-product formation upon heating because of their electron density at the 2-carbonyl pyrimidone oxygen. Our rationally developed fluorination precursor showed an improved reactivity-to-stability ratio at elevated temperatures. (18) F-FAC was obtained in radiochemical yields of 4.3-5.5% (n = 8, decay-corrected from end of bombardment), with purities ≥98% and specific activities ≥63 GBq/µmol. The synthesis time was 168 min. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  14. In Vitro and In Vivo Comparison of Gemcitabine and the Gemcitabine Analog 1-(2′-deoxy-2′-fluoroarabinofuranosyl) Cytosine (FAC) in Human Orthotopic and Genetically Modified Mouse Pancreatic Cancer Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, James; Pillarsetty, Nagavarakishore; Kramer, Robin M; Romesser, Paul B; Desai, Pooja; Haimovitz-Friedman, Adriana; Lowery, Maeve A; Humm, John L

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Although gemcitabine is a mainstay of pancreatic cancer therapy, it is only moderately effective, and it would be desirable to measure drug uptake in patients. 1-(2′-deoxy-2′-fluoroarabinofuranosyl) cytosine (FAC), is an analog of gemcitabine, and when labeled with F-18, it may be a potential surrogate PET tracer for the drug. Procedures [18F]FAC was synthesized to a radiochemical purity of >96 %. The human tumor lines AsPC1, BxPC3, Capan-1, Panc1, and MiaPaca2 were grown orthotopically in nude mice. KPC mice that conditionally express oncogenic K-ras and p53 mutations in pancreatic tissue were also used. The intra-tumoral distributions of [14C]gemcitabine and [18F]FAC were mapped with autoradiography. The inter-tumor correlation between [14C]gemcitabine and [18F]FAC was established in the orthotopic tumors. Expression of the equilibrative and concentrative nucleoside transporters (ENT, CNT) in vitro was detected by western blotting. Drug uptake was characterized in vitro using [3H]gemcitabine and the effect of transporter inhibition on gemcitabine and FAC uptake was investigated. The relative affinity of cells for gemcitabine and FAC was tested in competition assays. The cell lines differed in sensitivity to transport inhibitors and in competition studies. There was a good in vivo correlation between the total uptake of [18F]FAC and [14C]gemcitabine, measured across all orthotopic tumors. Using the KPC and BxPC3 models, we found that [14C]gemcitabine and [18F]FAC were largely co-localized. Conclusions In the lines examined here, [18F]FAC uptake correlates well with gemcitabine in vivo, supporting the notion that [18F]FAC can serve as a PET radiotracer surrogate to determine the uptake and distribution of gemcitabine within pancreatic tumors. PMID:28349292

  15. In Vitro and In Vivo Comparison of Gemcitabine and the Gemcitabine Analog 1-(2'-deoxy-2'-fluoroarabinofuranosyl) Cytosine (FAC) in Human Orthotopic and Genetically Modified Mouse Pancreatic Cancer Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, James; Pillarsetty, Nagavarakishore; Kramer, Robin M; Romesser, Paul B; Desai, Pooja; Haimovitz-Friedman, Adriana; Lowery, Maeve A; Humm, John L

    2017-12-01

    Although gemcitabine is a mainstay of pancreatic cancer therapy, it is only moderately effective, and it would be desirable to measure drug uptake in patients. 1-(2'-deoxy-2'-fluoroarabinofuranosyl) cytosine (FAC), is an analog of gemcitabine, and when labeled with F-18, it may be a potential surrogate PET tracer for the drug. [ 18 F]FAC was synthesized to a radiochemical purity of >96 %. The human tumor lines AsPC1, BxPC3, Capan-1, Panc1, and MiaPaca2 were grown orthotopically in nude mice. KPC mice that conditionally express oncogenic K-ras and p53 mutations in pancreatic tissue were also used. The intra-tumoral distributions of [ 14 C]gemcitabine and [ 18 F]FAC were mapped with autoradiography. The inter-tumor correlation between [ 14 C]gemcitabine and [ 18 F]FAC was established in the orthotopic tumors. Expression of the equilibrative and concentrative nucleoside transporters (ENT, CNT) in vitro was detected by western blotting. Drug uptake was characterized in vitro using [ 3 H]gemcitabine and the effect of transporter inhibition on gemcitabine and FAC uptake was investigated. The relative affinity of cells for gemcitabine and FAC was tested in competition assays. The cell lines differed in sensitivity to transport inhibitors and in competition studies. There was a good in vivo correlation between the total uptake of [ 18 F]FAC and [ 14 C]gemcitabine, measured across all orthotopic tumors. Using the KPC and BxPC3 models, we found that [ 14 C]gemcitabine and [ 18 F]FAC were largely co-localized. In the lines examined here, [ 18 F]FAC uptake correlates well with gemcitabine in vivo, supporting the notion that [ 18 F]FAC can serve as a PET radiotracer surrogate to determine the uptake and distribution of gemcitabine within pancreatic tumors.

  16. Isothiocyanate-Functionalized Bifunctional Chelates and fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) (M = Re, (99m)Tc) Complexes for Targeting uPAR in Prostate Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasten, Benjamin B; Ma, Xiaowei; Cheng, Kai; Bu, Lihong; Slocumb, Winston S; Hayes, Thomas R; Trabue, Steven; Cheng, Zhen; Benny, Paul D

    2016-01-20

    Developing new strategies to rapidly incorporate the fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) (M = Re, (99m)Tc) core into biological targeting vectors in radiopharmaceuticals continues to expand as molecules become more complex and as efforts to minimize nonspecific binding increase. This work examines a novel isothiocyanate-functionalized bifunctional chelate based on 2,2'-dipicolylamine (DPA) specifically designed for complexing the fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) core. Two strategies (postlabeling and prelabeling) were explored using the isothiocyanate-functionalized DPA to determine the effectiveness of assembly on the overall yield and purity of the complex with amine containing biomolecules. A model amino acid (lysine) examined (1) amine conjugation of isothiocyanate-functionalized DPA followed by complexation with fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) (postlabeling) and (2) complexation of fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) with isothiocyanate-functionalized DPA followed by amine conjugation (prelabeling). Conducted with stable Re and radioactive (99m)Tc analogs, both strategies formed the product in good to excellent yields under macroscopic and radiotracer concentrations. A synthetic peptide (AE105) which targets an emerging biomarker in CaP prognosis, urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), was also explored using the isothiocyanate-functionalized DPA strategy. In vitro PC-3 (uPAR+) cell uptake assays with the (99m)Tc-labeled peptide (8a) showed 4.2 ± 0.5% uptake at 4 h. In a murine model bearing PC-3 tumor xenografts, in vivo biodistribution of 8a led to favorable tumor uptake (3.7 ± 0.7% ID/g) at 4 h p.i. with relatively low accumulation (fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+).

  17. fac-Re(CO)3L complexes containing tridentate monoanionic ligands (L-) with a seldom-studied sulfonamido group as one terminal ligating group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christoforou, Anna Maria; Fronczek, Frank R; Marzilli, Patricia A; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2007-08-20

    To achieve a net-neutral coordination unit in radiopharmaceuticals with a fac-M(CO)3+ core (M = Tc, Re), facially coordinated monoanionic tridentate ligands are needed. New neutral fac-Re(CO)3L complexes were obtained by treating fac-[Re(CO)3(H2O)3]+ with unsymmetrical tridentate NNN donor ligands (LH) based primarily on a diethylenetriamine (dien) moiety with an aromatic group linked to a terminal nitrogen through a sulfonamide. LHs contain 2,4,6-trimethylbenzenesulfonyl (tmbSO2) and 5-(dimethylamino)naphthalene-1-sulfonyl (DNS) groups. X-ray crystallographic and NMR analyses confirm that in both the solid and the solution states all L- in fac-Re(CO)3L complexes are bound in a tridentate fashion with one donor being nitrogen from a deprotonated sulfonamido group. Another fundamental property that is important in radiopharmaceuticals is shape, which in turn depends on ring pucker. For L- = tmbSO2-dien-, tmbSO2-N'-Medien-, and tmbSO2-N,N-Me2dien-, the two chelate rings have a different pucker chirality, as is commonly found for a broad range of metal complexes. However, for fac-Re(CO)3(DNS-dien), both chelate rings have the same pucker chirality because the sulfonamido ring has an unusual pucker for the absolute configuration at Re; a finding that is attributable to intramolecular and intermolecular hydrogen bonds from the sulfonamido oxygens to the NH2 groups. Averaging of tmb NMR signals, even at -90 degrees C for Re(CO)3(tmbSO2-N,N-Me2dien), indicates rapid dynamic motion in the complexes with this group. However, examination of the structures suggests that free rotation about the S-C(tmb) bond is not possible but that concerted coupled rotations about the N-S and the S-C bonds can explain the NMR data.

  18. Study of field-aligned current (FAC), interplanetary electric field component (Ey), interplanetary magnetic field component (Bz), and northward (x) and eastward (y) components of geomagnetic field during supersubstorm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhikari, Binod; Dahal, Subodh; Chapagain, Narayan P.

    2017-05-01

    A dominant process by which energy and momentum are transported from the magnetosphere to the ionosphere is known as field-aligned current (FAC). It is enhanced during magnetic reconnection and explosive energy release at a substorm. In this paper, we studied FAC, interplanetary electric field component (Ey), interplanetary magnetic field component (Bz), and northward (x) and eastward (y) components of geomagnetic field during three events of supersubstorm occurred on 24 November 2001, 21 January 2005, and 24 August 2005. Large-scale FAC, supposed to be produced during supersubstorm (SSS), has potentiality to cause blackout on Earth. We examined temporal variations of the x and y components of high-latitude geomagnetic field during SSS, which is attributed to the FACs. We shall report the characteristics of high-latitude northward and eastward components of geomagnetic field variation during the growth phase of SSS by the implementation of discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and cross-correlation analysis. Among three examples of SSS events, the highest peak value of FAC was estimated to be 19 μAm-2. This is shore up with the prediction made by Parks (1991) and Stasiewicz et al. (1998) that the FACs may vary from a few tens to several hundred μAm-2. Although this peak value of FACs for SSS event is much higher than the average FACs associated with regular substorms or magnetic storms, it is expedient and can be expect for SSS events which might be due to very high density solar wind plasma parcels (PPs) triggering the SSS events. In all events, during growth phase, the FAC increases to extremely high level and the geomagnetic northward component decreases to extremely low level. This represents a strong positive correlation between FAC and geomagnetic northward component. The DWT analysis accounts that the highest amplitude of the wavelet coefficients indicates singularities present in FAC during SSS event. But the amplitude of squared wavelet coefficient is found

  19. Clickable, Hydrophilic Ligand for fac-[MI(CO)3]+ (M = Re/99mTc) Applied in an S-Functionalized α-MSH Peptide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    The copper(I)-catalyzed azide–alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) click reaction was used to incorporate alkyne-functionalized dipicolylamine (DPA) ligands (1 and 3) for fac-[MI(CO)3]+ (M = Re/99mTc) complexation into an α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) peptide analogue. A novel DPA ligand with carboxylate substitutions on the pyridyl rings (3) was designed to increase the hydrophilicity and to decrease in vivo hepatobiliary retention of fac-[99mTcI(CO)3]+ complexes used in single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging studies with targeting biomolecules. The fac-[ReI(CO)3(3)] complex (4) was used for chemical characterization and X-ray crystal analysis prior to radiolabeling studies between 3 and fac-[99mTcI(OH2)3(CO)3]+. The corresponding 99mTc complex (4a) was obtained in high radiochemical yields, was stable in vitro for 24 h during amino acid challenge and serum stability assays, and showed increased hydrophilicity by log P analysis compared to an analogous complex with nonfunctionalized pyridine rings (2a). An α-MSH peptide functionalized with an azide was labeled with fac-[MI(CO)3]+ using both click, then chelate (CuAAC reaction with 1 or 3 followed by metal complexation) and chelate, then click (metal complexation of 1 and 3 followed by CuAAC with the peptide) strategies to assess the effects of CuAAC conditions on fac-[MI(CO)3]+ complexation within a peptide framework. The peptides from the click, then chelate strategy had different HPLC tR’s and in vitro stabilities compared to those from the chelate, then click strategy, suggesting nonspecific coordination of fac-[MI(CO)3]+ using this synthetic route. The fac-[MI(CO)3]+-complexed peptides from the chelate, then click strategy showed >90% stability during in vitro challenge conditions for 6 h, demonstrated high affinity and specificity for the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) in IC50 analyses, and led to moderately high uptake in B16F10 melanoma cells. Log P analysis of the 99m

  20. Clickable, hydrophilic ligand for fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) (M = Re/(99m)Tc) applied in an S-functionalized α-MSH peptide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasten, Benjamin B; Ma, Xiaowei; Liu, Hongguang; Hayes, Thomas R; Barnes, Charles L; Qi, Shibo; Cheng, Kai; Bottorff, Shalina C; Slocumb, Winston S; Wang, Jing; Cheng, Zhen; Benny, Paul D

    2014-03-19

    The copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) click reaction was used to incorporate alkyne-functionalized dipicolylamine (DPA) ligands (1 and 3) for fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) (M = Re/(99m)Tc) complexation into an α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) peptide analogue. A novel DPA ligand with carboxylate substitutions on the pyridyl rings (3) was designed to increase the hydrophilicity and to decrease in vivo hepatobiliary retention of fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(CO)3](+) complexes used in single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging studies with targeting biomolecules. The fac-[Re(I)(CO)3(3)] complex (4) was used for chemical characterization and X-ray crystal analysis prior to radiolabeling studies between 3 and fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(OH2)3(CO)3](+). The corresponding (99m)Tc complex (4a) was obtained in high radiochemical yields, was stable in vitro for 24 h during amino acid challenge and serum stability assays, and showed increased hydrophilicity by log P analysis compared to an analogous complex with nonfunctionalized pyridine rings (2a). An α-MSH peptide functionalized with an azide was labeled with fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) using both click, then chelate (CuAAC reaction with 1 or 3 followed by metal complexation) and chelate, then click (metal complexation of 1 and 3 followed by CuAAC with the peptide) strategies to assess the effects of CuAAC conditions on fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) complexation within a peptide framework. The peptides from the click, then chelate strategy had different HPLC tR's and in vitro stabilities compared to those from the chelate, then click strategy, suggesting nonspecific coordination of fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) using this synthetic route. The fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+)-complexed peptides from the chelate, then click strategy showed >90% stability during in vitro challenge conditions for 6 h, demonstrated high affinity and specificity for the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) in IC50 analyses, and led to moderately high uptake in B16F10 melanoma cells

  1. mer, fac, and Bidentate Coordination of an Alkyl-POP Ligand in the Chemistry of Nonclassical Osmium Hydrides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteruelas, Miguel A; García-Yebra, Cristina; Martín, Jaime; Oñate, Enrique

    2017-01-03

    Nonclassical and classical osmium polyhydrides containing the diphosphine 9,9-dimethyl-4,5-bis(diisopropylphosphino)xanthene (xant(P i Pr 2 ) 2 ), coordinated in κ 3 -mer, κ 3 -fac, and κ 2 -P,P fashions, have been isolated during the cyclic formation of H 2 by means of the sequential addition of H + and H - or H - and H + to the classical trihydride OsH 3 Cl{xant(P i Pr 2 ) 2 } (1). This complex adds H + to form the compressed dihydride dihydrogen complex [OsCl(H···H)(η 2 -H 2 ){xant(P i Pr 2 ) 2 }] + (2). Under argon, cation 2 loses H 2 and the resulting unsaturated fragment dimerizes to give [(Os(H···H){xant(P i Pr 2 ) 2 }) 2 (μ-Cl) 2 ] 2+ (3). During the transformation the phosphine changes its coordination mode from mer to fac. The benzofuran counterpart of 1, OsH 3 Cl{dbf(P i Pr 2 ) 2 } (4; dbf(P i Pr 2 ) 2 = 4,6-bis(diisopropylphosphino)dibenzofuran), also adds H + to afford the benzofuran counterpart of 2, [OsCl(H···H)(η 2 -H 2 ){xant(P i Pr 2 ) 2 }] + (5), which in contrast to the latter is stable and does not dimerize. Acetonitrile breaks the chloride bridge of 3 to form the dihydrogen [OsCl(η 2 -H 2 )(CH 3 CN){xant(P i Pr 2 ) 2 }] + (6), regenerating the mer coordination of the diphosphine. The hydride ion also breaks the chloride bridge of 3. The addition of KH to 3 leads to 1, closing a cycle for the formation of H 2 . Complex 1 reacts with a second hydride ion to give OsH 4 {xant(P i Pr 2 ) 2 } (7) as consequence of the displacement of the chloride. Similarly to the latter, the oxygen atom of the mer-coordinated diphosphine of 7 has a tendency to be displaced by the hydride ion. Thus, the addition of KH to 7 yields [OsH 5 {xant(P i Pr 2 ) 2 }] - (8), containing a κ 2 -P,P-diphosphine. Complex 8 is easily protonated to afford OsH 6 {xant(P i Pr 2 ) 2 } (9), which releases H 2 to regenerate 7, closing a second cycle for the formation of molecular hydrogen.

  2. Fac and mer isomers of Ru(II) tris(pyrazolyl-pyridine) complexes as models for the vertices of coordination cages: structural characterisation and hydrogen-bonding characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metherell, Alexander J; Cullen, William; Stephenson, Andrew; Hunter, Christopher A; Ward, Michael D

    2014-01-07

    We have prepared a series of mononuclear fac and mer isomers of Ru(II) complexes containing chelating pyrazolyl-pyridine ligands, to examine their differing ability to act as hydrogen-bond donors in MeCN. This was prompted by our earlier observation that octanuclear cube-like coordination cages that contain these types of metal vertex can bind guests such as isoquinoline-N-oxide (K = 2100 M(-1) in MeCN), with a significant contribution to binding being a hydrogen-bonding interaction between the electron-rich atom of the guest and a hydrogen-bond donor site on the internal surface of the cage formed by a convergent set of CH2 protons close to a 2+ metal centre. Starting with [Ru(L(H))3](2+) [L(H) = 3-(2-pyridyl)-1H-pyrazole] the geometric isomers were separated by virtue of the fact that the fac isomer forms a Cu(I) adduct which the mer isomer does not. Alkylation of the pyrazolyl NH group with methyl iodide or benzyl bromide afforded [Ru(L(Me))3](2+) and [Ru(L(bz))3](2+) respectively, each as their fac and mer isomers; all were structurally characterised. In the fac isomers the convergent group of pendant -CH2R or -CH3 protons defines a hydrogen-bond donor pocket; in the mer isomer these protons do not converge and any hydrogen-bonding involving these protons is expected to be weaker. For both [Ru(L(Me))3](2+) and [Ru(L(bz))3](2+), NMR titrations with isoquinoline-N-oxide in MeCN revealed weak 1 : 1 binding (K ≈ 1 M(-1)) between the guest and the fac isomer of the complex that was absent with the mer isomer, confirming a difference in the hydrogen-bond donor capabilities of these complexes associated with their differing geometries. The weak binding compared to the cage however occurs because of competition from the anions, which are free to form ion-pairs with the mononuclear complex cations in a way that does not happen in the cage complexes. We conclude that (i) the presence of fac tris-chelate sites in the cage to act as hydrogen-bond donors, and (ii

  3. Reactions of fac-[Re(CO)3(H2O)3]+ with nucleoside diphosphates and thiamine diphosphate in aqueous solution investigated by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Kristie M; Marzilli, Patricia A; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2007-10-29

    Products formed between monoester diphosphates (MDPs) and fac-[Re(CO)3(H2O)3]OTf at pH 3.6 were examined. Such adducts of the fac-[Re(CO)3]+ moiety have an uncommon combination of properties for an "inert" metal center in that sharp NMR signals can be observed, yet the products are equilibrating at rates allowing NMR EXSY cross-peaks to be observed. Thiamine diphosphate (TDP) and uridine 5'-diphosphate (5'-UDP) form 1:1 bidentate {Palpha,Pbeta} chelates, in which the MDP binds Re(I) via Palpha and Pbeta phosphate groups. Asymmetric centers are created at Re(I) (RRe/SRe) and Palpha (Delta/Lambda), leading to four diastereomers. The two mirror pairs of diastereomers (RReDelta/SReLambda) and (RReLambda/SReDelta) for TDP (no ribose) and for all four diastereomers (RReDelta, RReLambda, SReDelta, SReLambda) for 5'-UDP (asymmetric ribose) gave two and four sets of NMR signals for the bound MDP, respectively. 31Palpha-31Palpha EXSY cross-peaks indicate that the fac-[Re(CO)3(H2O)({Palpha,Pbeta}MDP)]- isomers interchange slowly on the NMR time scale, with an average k approximately equal to 0.8 s(-1) at 32 degrees C; the EXSY cross-peaks could arise from chirality changes at only Re(I) or at only Palpha. Guanosine 5'-diphosphate (5'-GDP), with a ribose moiety and a Re(I)-binding base, formed both possible diastereomers (RRe and SRe) of the fac-[Re(CO)3(H2O)({N7,Pbeta}GDP)]- macrochelate, with one slightly more abundant diastereomer suggested to be RRe by Mn2+ ion 1H NMR signal line-broadening combined with distances from molecular models. Interchange of the diastereomers requires that the coordination site of either N7 or Pbeta move to the H2O site. 31Palpha-31Palpha EXSY cross-peaks indicate a k approximately equal to 0.5 s(-1) at 32 degrees C for RRe-to-SRe interchange. The similarity of the rate constants for interchange of fac-[Re(CO)3(H2O)({Palpha,Pbeta}MDP)]- and fac-[Re(CO)3(H2O)({N7,Pbeta}GDP)]- adducts suggest strongly that interchange of Pbeta and H2O coordination

  4. Biodistribution, pharmacokinetics and PET imaging of [(18)F]FMISO, [(18)F]FDG and [(18)F]FAc in a sarcoma- and inflammation-bearing mouse model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ren-Shyan; Chou, Ta-Kai; Chang, Chih-Hsien; Wu, Chun-Yi; Chang, Chi-Wei; Chang, Tsui-Jung; Wang, Shih-Jen; Lin, Wuu-Jyh; Wang, Hsin-Ell

    2009-04-01

    2-Deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-d-glucose ([(18)F]FDG), [(18)F]fluoroacetate ([(18)F]FAc) and [(18)F]fluoromisonidazole ([(18)F]FMISO) were all considered to be positron emission tomography (PET) probes for tumor diagnosis, though based on different rationale of tissue uptake. This study compared the biodistribution, pharmacokinetics and imaging of these three tracers in a sarcoma- and inflammation-bearing mouse model. C3H mice were inoculated with 2x10(5) KHT sarcoma cells in the right thigh on Day 0. Turpentine oil (0.1 ml) was injected in the left thigh on Day 11 to induce inflammatory lesion. Biodistribution, pharmacokinetics and microPET imaging of [(18)F]FMISO, [(18)F]FDG and [(18)F]FAc were performed on Day 14 after tumor inoculation. The inflammatory lesions were clearly visualized by [(18)F]FDG/microPET and autoradiography at 3 days after turpentine oil injection. The tumor-to-muscle and inflammatory lesion-to-muscle ratios derived from microPET imaging were 6.79 and 1.48 for [(18)F]FMISO, 8.12 and 4.69 for [(18)F]FDG and 3.72 and 3.19 for [(18)F]FAc at 4 h post injection, respectively. Among these, the tumor-to-inflammation ratio was the highest (4.57) for [(18)F]FMISO compared with that of [(18)F]FDG (1.73) and [(18)F]FAc (1.17), whereas [(18)F]FAc has the highest bioavailability (area under concentration of radiotracer vs. time curve, 116.2 hxpercentage of injected dose per gram of tissue). MicroPET images and biodistribution studies showed that the accumulation of [(18)F]FMISO in the tumor is significantly higher than that in inflammatory lesion at 4 h post injection. [(18)F]FDG and [(18)F]FAc delineated both tumor and inflammatory lesions. Our results demonstrated the potential of [(18)F]FMISO/PET in distinguishing tumor from inflammatory lesion.

  5. A mammalian cell based FACS-panning platform for the selection of HIV-1 envelopes for vaccine development.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim-Henrik Bruun

    Full Text Available An increasing number of broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (bnMAb against the HIV-1 envelope (Env protein has been discovered recently. Despite this progress, vaccination efforts with the aim to re-elicit bnMAbs that provide protective immunity have failed so far. Herein, we describe the development of a mammalian cell based FACS-panning method in which bnMAbs are used as tools to select surface-exposed envelope variants according to their binding affinity. For that purpose, an HIV-1 derived lentiviral vector was developed to infect HEK293T cells at low multiplicity of infection (MOI in order to link Env phenotype and genotype. For proof of principle, a gp145 Env model-library was established in which the complete V3 domain was substituted by five strain specific V3 loop sequences with known binding affinities to nMAb 447-52D, respectively. Env genes were recovered from selected cells by PCR, subcloned into a lentiviral vector (i to determine and quantify the enrichment nMAb binders and (ii to generate a new batch of transduction competent particles. After 2 selection cycles the Env variant with highest affinity was enriched 20-fold and represented 80% of the remaining Env population. Exploiting the recently described bnMAbs, this procedure might prove useful in selecting Env proteins from large Env libraries with the potential to elicit bnMAbs when used as vaccine candidates.

  6. Dependency of single-phase FAC of carbon and low-alloy steels for NPP system piping on pH, orifice distance and material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moon, Jeong Ho; Chung, Hung Ho; Sung, Ki Woung; Kim, Uh Chul; Rho, Jae Seong

    2005-01-01

    To investigate the Flow-Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) dependency of carbon steel (A106 Gr. B) and low-alloy steels (1Cr-1/2Mo, 2 1/4Cr-1Mo) on pH, orifice distance, and material, experiments were carried out. These experiments were performed using a flow velocity of 4 m/sec (partly 9 m/sec) at pH 8.0∼10.0 in an oxygen-free aqueous solution re-circulated in an Erosion-Corrosion Test Loop at 130 .deg. ... for 500 hours. The weight loss of the carbon steel specimens appeared to be positively dependent on the flow velocity. That of the carbon and low-alloy steel specimens also showed to be distinguishably dependent on the pH. At pH levels of 8.0∼9.5 it decreased, but increased from 9.5 to 10.0. Utility water chemistry personnel should carefully consider this kind of pH dependency to control the water system pH to mitigate FAC of the piping system material. The weight loss of the specimens located further from the orifice in the distance range of 6.8∼27.2 mm was shown to be greater, except for 2 1/4Cr-1Mo, which showed no orifice distance dependency. Low alloy steel specimens exhibited a factor of two times better resistance to FAC than that of the carbon steel. Based on this kind of FAC dependency of the carbon and low-alloy steels on the orifice distance and material, we conclude that it is necessary to alternate the composition of the secondary piping system material of NPPs, using low-alloy steels, such as 2 1/4Cr-1Mo, particularly when the system piping has to be replaced

  7. Polymer-Supported Optically Active fac(S)-Tris(thiotato)rhodium(III) Complex for Sulfur-Bridging Reaction With Precious Metal Ions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aizawa, Sen-Ichi; Tsubosaka, Soshi

    2016-01-01

    The optically active mixed-ligand fac(S)-tris(thiolato)rhodium(III) complexes, ΔL -fac(S)-[Rh(aet)2 (L-cys-N,S)](-) (aet = 2-aminoethanethiolate, L-cys = L-cysteinate) () and ΔLL -fac(S)-[Rh(aet)(L-cys-N,S)2 ](2-) were newly prepared by the equatorial preference of the carboxyl group in the coordinated L-cys ligand. The amide formation reaction of with 1,10-diaminodecane and polyallylamine gave the diamine-bridged dinuclear Rh(III) complex and the single-chain polymer-supported Rh(III) complex with retention of the ΔL configuration of , respectively. These Rh(III) complexes reacted with Co(III) or Co(II) to give the linear-type trinuclear structure with the S-bridged Co(III) center and the two Δ-Rh(III) terminal moieties. The polymer-supported Rh(III) complex was applied not only to the CD spectropolarimetric detection and determination of a trace of precious metal ions such as Au(III), Pt(II), and Pd(II) but also to concentration and extraction of these metal ions into the solid polymer phase. Chirality 28:85-91, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Quality of life and toxicity in breast cancer patients using adjuvant TAC (docetaxel, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide), in comparison with FAC (doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, 5-fluorouracil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatam, N; Ahmadloo, N; Ahmad Kia Daliri, A; Bastani, P; Askarian, M

    2011-07-01

    The aim of this study was to compare two regimens of chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer, including FAC (doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and 5-fluorouracil) and TAC (docetaxel, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide); and analyze the toxicity of these treatments and observe patient's health-related quality of life. Health-related quality of life was assessed for up to 4 months (from the beginning to the end of chemotherapy cycles), using European organization and cancer treatment quality of life questionnaire (EORTC) QLQ-C30. A group of 100 patients, with node-positive breast cancer were studied in order to compare the toxicity of adjuvant therapy TAC with FAC and the subsequent effects on the patient's quality of life. After a 4-month follow-up of patients, our findings showed that despite having the same mean score of QOL at the start of adjuvant chemotherapy, the QOL in TAC arm was decreased more as a result of the higher range of toxicity in TAC regimen. In spite of increase in disease-free patients who received TAC regimen and increase their survival rate, there is significant toxicity and decrease in QOL in TAC protocol compare to FAC protocol. Using prophylactic granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) along with increased education aimed at improving patient's knowledge and also the provision of a supportive group involving psychiatrics and patients that have successfully experienced the same treatment may be helpful.

  9. Syntheses and multi-NMR study of fac- and mer-OsO(3)F(2)(NCCH(3)) and the X-ray crystal structure (n = 2) and Raman spectrum (n = 0) of fac-OsO(3)F(2)(NCCH(3)).nCH(3)CN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Michael J; Gerken, Michael; Mercier, Hélène P A; Schrobilgen, Gary J

    2010-06-07

    Dissolution of the infinite chain polymer, (OsO(3)F(2))(infinity), in CH(3)CN solvent at -40 degrees C followed by solvent removal under vacuum at -40 degrees C yielded fac-OsO(3)F(2)(NCCH(3)).nCH(3)CN (n >/= 2). Continued pumping at -40 degrees C with removal of uncoordinated CH(3)CN yielded fac-OsO(3)F(2)(NCCH(3)). Both fac-OsO(3)F(2)(NCCH(3)).nCH(3)CN and fac-OsO(3)F(2)(NCCH(3)) are yellow-brown solids and were characterized by low-temperature (-150 degrees C) Raman spectroscopy. The crystal structure (-173 degrees C) of fac-OsO(3)F(2)(NCCH(3)).2CH(3)CN consists of two co-crystallized CH(3)CN molecules and a pseudo-octahedral OsO(3)F(2).NCCH(3) molecule in which three oxygen atoms are in a facial arrangement and CH(3)CN is coordinated trans to an oxygen atom in an end-on fashion. The Os---N bond length (2.205(3) A) is among the shortest M---N adduct bonds observed for a d(0) transition metal oxide fluoride. The (19)F NMR spectrum of (OsO(3)F(2))(infinity) in CH(3)CN solvent (-40 degrees C) is a singlet (-99.6 ppm) corresponding to fac-OsO(3)F(2)(NCCH(3)). The (1)H, (15)N, (13)C, and (19)F NMR spectra of (15)N-enriched OsO(3)F(2)(NCCH(3)) were recorded in SO(2)ClF solvent (-84 degrees C). Nitrogen-15 enrichment resulted in splitting of the (19)F resonance of fac-OsO(3)F(2)((15)NCCH(3)) into a doublet ((2)J((15)N-(19)F), 21 Hz). In addition, a doublet of doublets ((2)J((19)F(ax)-(19)F(eq)), 134 Hz; (2)J((15)N-(19)F(eq)), 18 Hz) and a doublet ((2)J((19)F(ax)-(19)F(eq)), 134 Hz) were observed in the (19)F NMR spectrum that have been assigned to mer-OsO(3)F(2)((15)NCCH(3)); however, coupling of (15)N to the axial fluorine-on-osmium environment could not be resolved. The nitrogen atom of CH(3)CN is coordinated trans to a fluorine ligand in the mer-isomer. Quantum-chemical calculations at the SVWN and B3LYP levels of theory were used to calculate the energy-minimized gas-phase geometries, vibrational frequencies of fac- and mer-OsO(3)F(2)(NCCH(3)) and of CH(3)CN. The

  10. Department of Zoology, Fac

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2015-01-07

    Jan 7, 2015 ... as mostly nocturnal in habit. Conservation efforts must be enforced to protect the vegetative structure against unsustainable forest practices in order to protect and maintain the biodiversity status of the region. ..... especially those that lay eggs out of water. Amphibian diversity is also affected by high rainfall ...

  11. Isomerization Reaction of mer- to fac-Tris(2-phenylpyridinato-N,C2')Iridium(III) Monitored by Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Bo-Han; Huang, Min-Jie; Lai, Cheng-Chang; Cheng, Chien-Hong; Chen, I-Chia

    2018-04-16

    We developed a new method by enclosing the complex tris(2-phenylpyridinato-N,C2')Iridium(III), Ir(ppy) 3 with surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CATB), coated with a thin layer of silica then bonded to the surface of silver nanoparticle. These samples were used to acquire surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectra. The thickness of silica layer was controlled to have efficient phosphorescence quenching and Raman enhancement by metal nanoparticle. The SERS spectra of fac- and mer-Ir(ppy) 3 , recorded at 633 nm excitation, display distinct ring breathing mode features because the total symmetric vibrational bands were enhanced. This provides a convenient means to differentiate these isomers with great sensitivity and to study their isomerization process. A direct conversion reaction of mer- to fac- isomerization is identified with time constant 3.1 min when mer was irradiated with Xe light. Via thermal activation, under moderate conditions (pH 5.5 and 343 K), we observed an intermediate particularly with new bands 320/662 cm -1 after heating for 17.5 h, and then those bands disappeared to form fac-Ir(ppy) 3 . On the basis of DFT calculations, the intermediate is proposed to contain octahedral N-N Ir(ppy) 3 -HO-silica structure; band at 320 cm -1 is assigned to iridium oxygen stretching mode ν Ir-O of this intermediate. Under acidic conditions, pH 1-2 catalyzed by silanol in silica, byproduct with band at 353 cm -1 was observed. According to the SERS bands and the calculation, this byproduct is assigned to be iridium(III) siloxide, and the new band is assigned to ν Ir-O .

  12. Mannosylated dextran derivatives labeled with fac-[M(CO)₃]+ (M = (99m)Tc, Re) for specific targeting of sentinel lymph node.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morais, Maurício; Subramanian, Suresh; Pandey, Usha; Samuel, Grace; Venkatesh, Meera; Martins, Manuel; Pereira, Sérgio; Correia, João D G; Santos, Isabel

    2011-04-04

    Despite being widely used in the clinical setting for sentinel lymph node detection (SLND), (99m)Tc-based colloids (e.g., (99m)Tc-human serum albumin colloids) present a set of properties that are far from ideal. Aiming to design novel compounds with improved biological properties, we describe herein the first class of fully characterized (99m)Tc(CO)₃-mannosylated dextran derivatives with adequate features for SLND. Dextran derivatives, containing the same number of pendant mannose units (13) and a variable number (n) of tridentate chelators (9, n = 1; 10, n = 4, 11, n= 12), have been synthesized and fully characterized. Radiolabeled polymers of the type fac-[(99m)Tc(CO)₃(k³-L)] (12, L = 9, 13, L = 10, 14, L = 11) have been obtained quantitatively in high radiochemical purity (≥ 98%) upon reaction of the dextran derivatives with fac-[(99m)Tc(CO)₃(H₂O)₃]+. The highly stable compounds 13 and 14 were identified by comparing their HPLC chromatograms with the ones obtained for the corresponding rhenium surrogates fac-[Re(CO)₃(k³-10)] (13a) and fac-[Re(CO)₃(k³-11)] (14a), which have been characterized both at the chemical (NMR and IR spectroscopy, and HPLC) and physical level (DLS, AFM and LDV). Compounds 13a and 14a present a positive zeta potential (+ 7.1 mV, pH 7.4) and a hydrodynamic diameter in the range 8.4-8.7 nm. Scintigraphic imaging and biodistribution studies in Wistar rats have shown good accumulation in the sentinel node at 60 min postinjection (6.71 ± 2.35%, 13; and 7.53 ± 0.69%, 14), with significant retention up to 180 min. A clear delineation of the sentinel lymph node without significant washout to other regions was observed in the scintigraphic images. The popliteal extraction of 94.47 ± 2.45% for 14 at 1 h postinjection, as compared to 61.81 ± 2.4% for 13, indicated that 14 is a very promising compound to be further explored as SLN imaging agent.

  13. Serendipitous preparation of fac-(aceto-nitrile-κN)tri-chlorido-[(1,2,5,6-η)-cyclo-octa-1,5-diene]iridium(III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, David M; Merola, Joseph S

    2015-04-01

    A reaction between [(COD)IrCl]2 (COD is cyclo-octa-1,5-diene), HCl and indene failed to provide the hoped for chlorido-indenyliridium dimer, but instead produced the title compound, [IrCl3(CH3CN)(C8H12)], which is an octa-hedral complex of iridium(III) with a chelating cyclo-octa-1,5-diene ligand, three chloride ligands in a fac arrangement, and one aceto-nitrile ligand. Attempts to devise a rational synthesis for the title compound were unsuccessful.

  14. Models for B12-conjugated radiopharmaceuticals. Cobaloxime binding to new fac-[Re(CO)3(Me2bipyridine)(amidine)]BF4 complexes having an exposed pyridyl nitrogen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Nerissa A; Marzilli, Patricia A; Fronczek, Frank R; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2014-10-20

    New mononuclear amidine complexes, fac-[Re(CO)3(Me2bipy)(HNC(CH3)(pyppz))]BF4 [(4,4'-Me2bipy (1), 5,5'-Me2bipy (2), and 6,6'-Me2bipy (3)] (bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine), were synthesized by treating the parent fac-[Re(I)(CO)3(Me2bipy)(CH3CN)]BF4 complex with the C2-symmetrical amine 1-(4-pyridyl)piperazine (pyppzH). The axial amidine ligand has an exposed, highly basic pyridyl nitrogen. The reaction of complexes 1-3 with a B12 model, (py)Co(DH)2Cl (DH = monoanion of dimethylglyoxime), in CH2Cl2 yielded the respective dinuclear complexes, namely, fac-[Re(CO)3(Me2bipy)(μ-(HNC(CH3)(pyppz)))Co(DH)2Cl]BF4 [(4,4'-Me2bipy (4), 5,5'-Me2bipy (5), and 6,6'-Me2bipy (6)]. (1)H NMR spectroscopic analysis of all compounds and single-crystal X-ray crystallographic data for 2, 3, 5, and 6 established that the amidine had only the E configuration in both the solid and solution states and that the pyridyl group is bound to Co in 4-6. Comparison of the NMR spectra of 1-3 with spectra of 4-6 reveals an unusually large "wrong-way" upfield shift for the pyridyl H2/6 signal for 4-6. The wrong-way H2/6 shift of (4-Xpy)Co(DH)2Cl (4-Xpy = 4-substituted pyridine) complexes increased with increasing basicity of the 4-Xpy derivative, a finding attributed to the influence of the magnetic anisotropy of the cobalt center on the shifts of the (1)H NMR signals of the pyridyl protons closest to Co. Our method of employing a coordinate bond for conjugating the fac-[Re(I)(CO)3] core to a vitamin B12 model could be extended to natural B12 derivatives. Because B12 compounds are known to accumulate in cancer cells, such an approach is a very attractive method for the development of (99m)Tc and (186/188)Re radiopharmaceuticals for targeted tumor imaging and therapy.

  15. Parametrization of the contribution of mono- and bidentate ligands on the symmetric C[triple bond]O stretching frequency of fac-[Re(CO)(3)](+) complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zobi, Fabio

    2009-11-16

    A ligand parameter, IR(P)(L), is introduced in order to evaluate the effect that different monodentate and bidentate ligands have on the symmetric C[triple bond]O stretching frequency of octahedral d(6) fac-[Re(CO)(3)L(3)] complexes (L = mono- or bidentate ligand). The parameter is empirically derived by assuming that the electronic effect, or contribution, that any given ligand L will add to the fac-[ReCO(3)](+) core, in terms of the total observed energy of symmetric C[triple bond]O stretching frequency (nu(CO(obs))), is additive. The IR(P)(CO) (i.e., the IR(P) of carbon monoxide) is first defined as one-sixth that of the observed C[triple bond]O frequency (nu(CO(obs))) of [Re(CO)(6)](+). All subsequent IR(P)(L) parameters of fac-[Re(CO)(3)L(3)] complexes are derived from IR(P)(L) = (1)/(3)[nu(CO(obs)) - 3IR(P)(CO)]. The symmetric C[triple bond]O stretching frequency was selected for analysis by assuming that it alone describes the "average electronic environment" in the IR spectra of the complexes. The IR(P)(L) values for over 150 ligands are listed, and the validity of the model is tested against other octahedral d(6) fac-[M(CO)(3)L(3)] complexes (M = Mn, (99)Tc, and Ru) and cis-[Re(CO)(2)L(4)](+) species and by calculations at the density functional level of theory. The predicted symmetric C[triple bond]O stretching frequency (nu(CO(cal))) is given by nu(CO(cal)) = S(R)[ sum IR(P)(L)] + I(R), where S(R) and I(R) are constants that depend upon the metal, its oxidation state, and the number of CO ligands in its primary coordination sphere. A linear relationship between IR(P) values and the well-established ligand electrochemical parameter E(L) is found. From a purely thermodynamic point of view, it is suggested that ligands with high IR(P)(L) values should weaken the M-CO bond to a greater extent than ligands with low IR(P)(L) values. The significance of the results and the limitations of the model are discussed.

  16. INVENTÁRIO DO CAPITÃO JOSÉ FERNANDES MAURÍCIO: EDIÇÕES FAC-SIMILAR E DIPLOMÁTICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Vinícius Pereira das Dores (UFMG

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Este artigo tem por objetivo apresentar a edição de um manuscrito do Arquivo Histórico da Casa Setecentista de Mariana, produzido em 21 de maio de 1814, no Distrito de Brumado, pertencente à cidade de Mariana. Trata-se do inventário dos bens do Capitão José Fernandes, a partir do qual serão realizadas as edições fac-similar e diplomática, além de alguns comentários paleográficos. Este trabalho de edição justifica-se pela relevância social e histórica do referido documento para o estado de Minas Gerais, além da importância linguística que apresenta, uma vez que por ele é possível retornar ao passado e verificar a língua portuguesa escrita, e culta, da primeira metade do século XIX.

    Palavras-chave: Manuscrito. Inventário. Edição fac-similar. Edição Diplomática.

  17. Exposure to hydrocarbons 10 years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill: evidence from cytochrome P4501A expression and biliary FACs in nearshore demersal fishes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jewett, Stephen C; Dean, Thomas A; Woodin, Bruce R; Hoberg, Max K; Stegeman, John J

    2002-01-01

    Three biomarkers of hydrocarbon exposure, CYP1A in liver vascular endothelium, liver ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD), and biliary fluorescent aromatic compounds (FACs), were examined in the nearshore fishes, masked greenling (Hexagrammos octogrammus) and crescent gunnel (Pholis laeta), collected in Prince William Sound, Alaska, 7-10 years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill (EVOS). All biomarkers were elevated in fish collected from sites originally oiled, in comparison to fish from unoiled sites. In 1998, endothelial CYP1A in masked greenling from sites that were heavily oiled in 1989 was significantly higher than in fish collected outside the spill trajectory. In 1999, fishes collected from sites adjacent to intertidal mussel beds containing lingering Exxon Valdez oil had elevated endothelial CYP1A and EROD, and high concentrations of biliary FACs. Fishes from sites near unoiled mussel beds, but within the original spill trajectory, also showed evidence of hydrocarbon exposure, although there were no correlations between sediment petroleum hydrocarbon and any of the biomarkers. Our data show that 10 years after the spill, nearshore fishes within the original spill zone were still exposed to residual EVOS hydrocarbons.

  18. Evaluasi Tingkat Kesiapan Organisasi dalam Rangka Preservasi Digital (Studi Kasus Pada Unit Repositori Flinders Academic Commons Of Flinders University Library (FACFUL, Adelaide, Australia Selatan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rattahpinnusa Haresariu Handisa

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi tingkat kesiapan lembaga repositori dalam rangka preservasi digital pada Flinders Academic Commons Flinders University Library (FACFUL dan mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap tingkat kesiapan organisasi. Terdapat tiga aspek yang diteliti meliputi: kesiapan infrastruktur, kesiapan teknologi serta sumber daya yang dibutuhkan bagi preservasi digital. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode studi kasus dengan  intesity sampel. Adapun instrumen pengumpulan data menggunakan Cornell University Survey of Institutional Readiness Checklist. Selanjutnya, tehnik pengambilan data menggunakan tehnik wawancara dengan Ms. Liz-Walkley Hall selaku pustakawati yang bertanggung jawab terhadap unit repositori digital FACFUL. Adapun informasi penunjang diperoleh melalui studi kepustakaan merujuk pada website Perpustakaan Universitas  Flinders. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis secara deskriptif menggunakan indikator kesiapan organisasi Cornel University Model. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa unit repositori pada FACFUL kurang siap dalam menjalankan preservasi digital. Tingkat kesiapan organisasi Perpustakaan Universitas  Flinders dalam pelestarian digital berapa pada level terbawah yakni Acknowledgement . Pada tingkat tersebut, Perpustakaan Flinders masih dalam tahap pengembangan kesadaran tentang pentingnya preservasi digital. Selanjutnya, faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi rendahnya tingkat kesiapan organisasi tersebut adalah tidak adanya pernyataan pentingya preservasi digital pada kebijakan pengembangan koleksi; keterbatasan pendanaan dan keterbatasan sumber daya manusia yang kompeten dalam preservasi digital. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan Perpustakaan Universitas Flinders untuk  melakukan uji kelayakan bagi preservasi digital. Salah satu model bisnis yang sesuai dengan kondisi Perpustakaan Universitas  Flinders adalah Meta Archive Model (MAM. Model tersebut berbasis komunitas bagi preservasi digital

  19. A study of the radiosynthesis of fac-[¹⁸⁸ReCO₃(H₂O)₃]⁺ and its application in labeling 1,2,3-triazole analogs obtained by click chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Cheng; Zhou, Wei; Yu, Junfeng; Zhang, Lan; Wang, Ni

    2012-01-01

    To optimize the conditions for the preparation of the organometallic precursor fac-[¹⁸⁸ReCO₃(H₂O)₃]⁺ and to synthesize the radiolabeling compounds of tricarbonyl rhenium. 1,2,3-Triazole analogs were synthesized by click chemistry and labeled with fac-[ReCO₃(H₂O)₃]Br and fac-[¹⁸⁸ReCO₃(H₂O)₃]⁺. The aim was to improve the methods for the synthesis of ¹⁸⁸Re-labeled radiopharmaceuticals for therapy. With potassium boranocarbonate as the CO source and ammonia borane as the reducing agent, fac-[¹⁸⁸ReCO₃(H₂O)₃]⁺ was synthesized, and the click chemistry method was used to prepare the tricarbonyl rhenium complex. At the optimal reaction condition (the amounts of K₂[H₃BCO₂] and BH₃·NH₃ are 5 and 5 mg, respectively; reaction temperature is 75°C; and reaction time is 15 min), the radiochemical yields were 90%, and the labeling yield of bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl) amine with fac-[¹⁸⁸ReCO₃(H₂O)₃]⁺ was more than 99% in 1 h at 75°C; the conjugation yields of triazole analog obtained by click chemistry with 'cold' and 'radio' tricarbonyl rhenium were more than 80%. The organometallic precursor fac-[¹⁸⁸ReCO₃(H₂O)₃]⁺ was prepared under optimal reaction conditions with a yield of 90%, and the triazole analogs synthesized by click chemistry were suitable ligands for tricarbonyl rhenium.

  20. fac-[Re(CO)(3)L](+) complexes with N-CH(2)-CH(2)-X-CH(2)-CH(2)-N tridentate ligands. synthetic, X-ray crystallographic, and NMR spectroscopic investigations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christoforou, Anna Maria; Marzilli, Patricia A; Fronczek, Frank R; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2007-12-24

    Polyamine ligands (L) have excellent binding characteristics for the formation of fac-99mTc(CO)3-based radiopharmaceuticals. Normally, these L are elaborated so as to leave pendant groups designed to impart useful biodistribution characteristics to the fac-[99mTc(CO)3L] imaging agent. Our goal is to lay a foundation for understanding the features of the bound elaborated ligands by using the fac-[Re(CO)3L]-analogue approach with the minimal prototypical ligands, diethylenetriamine (dien) or simple dien-related derivatives. Treatment of the fac-[Re(CO)3(H2O)3]+ cation with such triamine (NNN) ligands afforded fac-[Re(CO)3L]+ complexes. Ligand variations included having a central amine thioether donor, thus allowing X-ray crystallographic and NMR spectroscopic comparisons of fac-[Re(CO)3L]+ complexes with NNN and NSN ligands. fac-[Re(CO)3L]+ complexes with two terminal exo-NH groups exhibit unusually far upfield exo-NH NMR signals in DMSO-d6. Upon the addition of Cl-, these exo-NH signals move downfield, while the signals of any endo-NH or central NH groups move very little. This behavior is attributed to the formation of 1:1 ion pairs having selective Cl- hydrogen bonding to both exo-NH groups. Base addition to a DMSO-d6 solution of meso-exo-[Re(CO)3(N,N',N''-Me3dien)]PF6 led to isomerization of only one NHMe group, producing the chiral isomer. The meso isomer did not form. The [Re(CO)3(N,N,N',N'',N''-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine)]triflate.[Re(CO)3(mu3-OH)]4.3.35H2O crystal, the first structure with a fac-[Re(CO)3L] complex cocrystallized with this well-known cluster, provided parameters for a bulky NNN ligand and also reveals CO-CO interlocking intermolecular interactions that could stabilize the crystal.

  1. Crystal structure of the co-crystal fac-tri-aqua-tris(thio-cyanato-κN)iron(III)-2,3-di-methyl-pyrazine (1/3).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kucheriv, Olesia I; Shylin, Sergii I; Ilina, Tetiana A; Dechert, Sebastian; Gural'skiy, Il'ya A

    2015-04-01

    In the crystal of the title compound, [Fe(NCS)3(H2O)3]·3C6H8N2, the Fe(III) cation is located on a threefold rotation axis and is coordinated by three N atoms of the thiocyanate anions and three water mol-ecules in a fac arrangement, forming a slightly distorted N3O3 octa-hedron. Stabilization within the crystal structure is provided by O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds; the H atoms from coordinating water mol-ecules act as donors to the N atoms of guest 2,3-di-methyl-pyrazine mol-ecules, leading to a three-dimensional supra-molecular framework.

  2. Intersystem-crossing and phosphorescence rates in fac-Ir(III)(ppy)3: a theoretical study involving multi-reference configuration interaction wavefunctions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinschmidt, Martin; van Wüllen, Christoph; Marian, Christel M

    2015-03-07

    We have employed combined density functional theory and multi-reference configuration interaction methods including spin-orbit coupling (SOC) effects to investigate the photophysics of the green phosphorescent emitter fac-tris-(2-phenylpyridine)iridium (fac-Ir(ppy)3). A critical evaluation of our quantum chemical approaches shows that a perturbational treatment of SOC is the method of choice for computing the UV/Vis spectrum of this heavy transition metal complex while multi-reference spin-orbit configuration interaction is preferable for calculating the phosphorescence rates. The particular choice of the spin-orbit interaction operator is found to be of minor importance. Intersystem crossing (ISC) rates have been determined by Fourier transformation of the time correlation function of the transition including Dushinsky rotations. In the electronic ground state, fac-Ir(ppy)3 is C3 symmetric. The calculated UV/Vis spectrum is in excellent agreement with experiment. The effect of SOC is particularly pronounced for the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) band in the visible region of the absorption spectrum which does not only extend its spectral onset towards longer wavelengths but also experiences a blue shift of its maximum. Pseudo-Jahn-Teller interaction leads to asymmetric coordinate displacements in the lowest MLCT states. Substantial electronic SOC and a small energy gap make ISC an ultrafast process in fac-Ir(ppy)3. For the S1↝T1 non-radiative transition, we compute a rate constant of kISC = 6.9 × 10(12) s(-1) which exceeds the rate constant of radiative decay to the electronic ground state by more than six orders of magnitude, in agreement with the experimental observation of a subpicosecond ISC process and a triplet quantum yield close to unity. As a consequence of the geometric distortion in the T1 state, the T1 → S0 transition densities are localized on one of the phenylpyridyl moieties. In our best quantum chemical model, we obtain phosphorescence

  3. Prototipo de simulador de tornado para el combate Aéreo No. 3 (CACOM 3 de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana (FAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Mario Cárdenas Cabrera

    2012-09-01

    El comando CACOM 3 de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana (FAC ha tomado la iniciativa en este aspecto y se ha dado a la tarea de estudiar este fenómeno, trabajando en el diseño de un simulador de tornados a escala, con base en el ya existente, desarrollado por el phD. Harald Eddens, introdujo modificaciones que permitan, además de generar el fenómeno, medir y controlar a través de dispositivos electrónicos algunas variables ambientales. Estos dispositivos permitirán iniciar estudios desde el comando y servir de apoyo para labores de educación de la población vulnerable en cuanto a entender cómo se forma un tornado.

  4. Intersystem-crossing and phosphorescence rates in fac-Ir{sup III}(ppy){sub 3}: A theoretical study involving multi-reference configuration interaction wavefunctions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kleinschmidt, Martin; Marian, Christel M., E-mail: Christel.Marian@hhu.de [Institute of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Universitätsstraße 1, 40225 Düsseldorf (Germany); Wüllen, Christoph van [Fachbereich Chemie and Forschungszentrum OPTIMAS, Technical University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schrödinger-Straße 52, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany)

    2015-03-07

    We have employed combined density functional theory and multi-reference configuration interaction methods including spin–orbit coupling (SOC) effects to investigate the photophysics of the green phosphorescent emitter fac-tris-(2-phenylpyridine)iridium (fac-Ir(ppy){sub 3}). A critical evaluation of our quantum chemical approaches shows that a perturbational treatment of SOC is the method of choice for computing the UV/Vis spectrum of this heavy transition metal complex while multi-reference spin–orbit configuration interaction is preferable for calculating the phosphorescence rates. The particular choice of the spin–orbit interaction operator is found to be of minor importance. Intersystem crossing (ISC) rates have been determined by Fourier transformation of the time correlation function of the transition including Dushinsky rotations. In the electronic ground state, fac-Ir(ppy){sub 3} is C{sub 3} symmetric. The calculated UV/Vis spectrum is in excellent agreement with experiment. The effect of SOC is particularly pronounced for the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) band in the visible region of the absorption spectrum which does not only extend its spectral onset towards longer wavelengths but also experiences a blue shift of its maximum. Pseudo-Jahn-Teller interaction leads to asymmetric coordinate displacements in the lowest MLCT states. Substantial electronic SOC and a small energy gap make ISC an ultrafast process in fac-Ir(ppy){sub 3}. For the S{sub 1}↝T{sub 1} non-radiative transition, we compute a rate constant of k{sub ISC} = 6.9 × 10{sup 12} s{sup −1} which exceeds the rate constant of radiative decay to the electronic ground state by more than six orders of magnitude, in agreement with the experimental observation of a subpicosecond ISC process and a triplet quantum yield close to unity. As a consequence of the geometric distortion in the T{sub 1} state, the T{sub 1} → S{sub 0} transition densities are localized on one of the

  5. Solid state isostructural behavior and quantified limiting substitution kinetics in Schiff-base bidentate ligand complexes fac-[Re(O,N-Bid)(CO)3(MeOH)](n).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brink, Alice; Visser, Hendrik G; Roodt, Andreas

    2014-12-01

    A range of N,O-donor atom salicylidene complexes of the type fac-[M(O,N-Bid)(CO)3(L)](n) (O,N-Bid = anionic N,O-bidentate ligands; L = neutral coordinated ligand) have been studied. The unique feature of the complexes which crystallize in a monoclinic isostructural space group for complexes containing methanol in the sixth position (L = MeOH) is highlighted. The reactivity and stability of the complexes were evaluated by rapid stopped-flow techniques, and the methanol substitution by a range of pyridine type ligands indicates significant activation by the N,O-salicylidene type of bidentate ligands as observed from the variation in the second-order rate constants. In particular, following the introduction of the sterically demanding and electron rich cyclohexyl salicylidene moiety on the bidentate ligand, novel limiting kinetic behavior is displayed by all entering ligands, thus enabling a systematic probe and manipulation of the limiting kinetic constants. Clear evidence of an interchange type of intimate mechanism for the methanol substitution is produced. The equilibrium and rate constants (25 °C) for the two steps in the dissociative interchange mechanism for methanol substitution in fac-[Re(Sal-Cy)(CO)3(MeOH)] (5) by the pyridine type ligands 3-chloropyridine, pyridine, 4-picoline, and DMAP are k3 (s(-1)), 40 ± 4, 13 ± 2, 10.4 ± 0.7, and 2.11 ± 0.09, and K2 (M(-1)), 0.13 ± 0.01, 0.21 ± 0.03, 0.26 ± 0.02, and 1.8 ± 0.1, respectively.

  6. Temperature-dependent reduction pathways of complexes fac-[Re(CO)3(N-R-imidazole)(1,10-phenanthroline)]+ (R = H, CH3)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zeng, Qiang; Messaoudani, Mahdi; Vlček, Antonín; Hartl, František

    2013-01-01

    Peculiar reduction pathways of the complexes fac-[Re(imH)(CO) 3 (phen)] + and fac-[Re(imCH 3 )(CO) 3 (phen)] + (imH = imidazole, imCH 3 = N-methylimidazole and phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) have been unravelled by performing combined cyclic voltammetric and in situ IR spectroelectrochemical experiments. In the temperature range of 293–233 K, the initial reduction of the phen ligand in [Re(imH)(CO) 3 (phen)] + results in irreversible conversion of the imidazole ligand to 3-imidazolate by a rapid phen • − → imH intramolecular electron transfer coupled with N-H bond cleavage. This process is followed by second phen-localized 1e − reduction producing [Re I (3-im − )(CO) 3 (phen • − )] − , similar to the analogous 2,2′-bipyridine complex. In contrast to the bpy analogue, the stability of the phen • − -containing complexes is significantly affected by lowering the temperature. At 233 K, a secondary reaction occurs in both [Re(3-im − )(CO) 3 (phen • − )] − and [Re(imCH 3 )(CO) 3 (phen • − )]. The resulting products exhibit ν(CO) wavenumbers indistinguishable from those of the parent phen • − complexes; however, their oxidation occurs at a considerably more positive electrode potential. It is proposed that these species are produced by a new C-C bond formation between the C(2) site of 3-im − or imCH 3 and the C(2) site of the phen • − ligand

  7. New half sandwich-type Ru(II) coordination compounds characterized by the fac-Ru(dmso-S)3 fragment: influence of the face-capping group on the chemical behavior and in vitro anticancer activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bratsos, Ioannis; Simonin, Camilla; Zangrando, Ennio; Gianferrara, Teresa; Bergamo, Alberta; Alessio, Enzo

    2011-10-07

    The Ru(II) complex fac-[RuCl(dmso-S)(3)(dmso-O)(2)][PF(6)] (P2) was found to be an excellent precursor for the facile preparation in high yield of half sandwich-type compounds of the general formula fac-[RuCl(dmso-S)(3)(N)(2)][PF(6)] (e.g. (N)(2) = 1,2-diaminoethane (en, 4), trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane (dach, 5), or 2 NH(3) (6)). Neutral half sandwich-type compounds of the general formula fac-[RuCl(dmso-S)(3)(N-O)] where N-O is an anionic chelating ligand (e.g. N-O = picolinate (pic, 7)) are best prepared from the universal Ru(II)-dmso precursor cis-[RuCl(2)(dmso)(4)] (P1). These complexes, that were fully characterized in solution and in the solid state, are structurally similar to the anticancer organometallic compounds [Ru(η(6)-arene)(chel)Cl][PF(6)](n) but, in place of a face-capping arene, have the fac-Ru(dmso-S)(3) fragment. In contrast to what observed for the corresponding arene compounds, that rapidly hydrolyze the Cl ligand upon dissolution in water, compounds 4-6 are very stable and inert in aqueous solution. Probably their inertness is the reason why they showed no significant cytotoxicity against the MDA-MB-231 cancer cell line.

  8. Photophysical properties of the series fac- and mer-(1-phenylisoquinolinato-N∧C2')(x)(2-phenylpyridinato-N∧C2')(3-x)iridium(III) (x = 1-3).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deaton, Joseph C; Young, Ralph H; Lenhard, Jerome R; Rajeswaran, Manju; Huo, Shouquan

    2010-10-18

    The photophysical properties of tris-cyclometalated iridium(III) complexes have been probed by chemical and geometric variation through the series fac- and mer-Ir(piq)(x)(ppy)(3-x) (x = 1-3; piq = 1-phenylisoquinolinato-N(∧)C(2'), ppy = 2-phenylpyridinato-N(∧)C(2')). The phosphorescent decays were recorded in solution at 295 K and in polymer films from 2 to 295 K. In the heteroleptic complexes, emission occurs based solely on the piq ligand(s), at least by the nanosecond time scale, as its excited states are the lowest energy. Because fac-Ir(piq)(3) and fac-Ir(ppy)(3) possess practically the same oxidation potential, comparison of photophysical properties through the series fac-Ir(piq)(x)(ppy)(3-x) (x = 1-3) revealed the effects of having one, two, or three emissive piq ligands with no confounding effects from differences in electron withdrawing or donating properties between the spectator ppy ligands and the piq ligands. Effects of placement of piq ligands in different coordination geometries were elucidated by comparisons to the mer series.

  9. Excited states of nitro-polypyridine metal complexes and their ultrafast decay. Time-resolved IR absorption, spectroelectrochemistry, and TD-DFT calculations of fac-[Re(Cl)(CO)(3)(5-nitro-1,10-phenanthroline)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Gabrielsson, A.; Matousek, P.; Towrie, M.; Hartl, F.; Záliš, Stanislav; Vlček, Antonín

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 109, č. 28 (2005), s. 6147-6153 ISSN 1089-5639 R&D Projects: GA MŠk 1P05OC068 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : charge-transfer * resonance raman * vibrational spectroscopy * infrared spectroscopy Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact fac tor: 2.898, year: 2005

  10. A Fully Characterized Complex Ion with Unreduced TCNQ as Fourfold Bridging Ligand: [(ć.sub.4./sub.-TCNQ){fac-Re(CO).sub.3./sub.(bpy)}.sub.4./sub.].sup.4+./sup..

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hartmann, H.; Kaim, W.; Hartenbach, I.; Schleid, T.; Wanner, M.; Fiedler, Jan

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 40, č. 15 (2001), s. 2842-2844 ISSN 1433-7851 R&D Projects: GA MŠk OC D15.10 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4040901 Keywords : electrochemistry * N ligands * tetranuclear complexes Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact fac tor: 8.255, year: 2001

  11. Crystal structures of fac-tri-carbonyl-chlorido-(6,6'-dihy-droxy-2,2'-bi-pyridine)-rhenium(I) tetra-hydro-furan monosolvate and fac-bromido-tricarbon-yl(6,6'-dihy-droxy-2,2'-bi-pyridine)-manganese(I) tetra-hydro-furan monosolvate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lense, Sheri; Piro, Nicholas A; Kassel, Scott W; Wildish, Andrew; Jeffery, Brent

    2016-08-01

    The structures of two facially coordinated Group VII metal complexes, fac-[ReCl(C10H8N2O2)(CO)3]·C4H8O (I·THF) and fac-[MnBr(C10H8N2O2)(CO)3]·C4H8O (II·THF), are reported. In both complexes, the metal ion is coordinated by three carbonyl ligands, a halide ligand, and a 6,6'-dihy-droxy-2,2'-bi-pyridine ligand in a distorted octa-hedral geometry. Both complexes co-crystallize with a non-coordinating tetra-hydro-furan (THF) solvent mol-ecule and exhibit inter-molecular but not intra-molecular hydrogen bonding. In both crystal structures, chains of complexes are formed due to inter-molecular hydrogen bonding between a hy-droxy group from the 6,6'-dihy-droxy-2,2'-bi-pyridine ligand and the halide ligand from a neighboring complex. The THF mol-ecule is hydrogen bonded to the remaining hy-droxy group.

  12. Biodistribution, pharmacokinetics and PET Imaging of [{sup 18}F]FMISO, [{sup 18}F]FDG and [{sup 18}F]FAc in a sarcoma- and inflammation-bearing mouse model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, R.-S. [Department of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan (China); National PET/Cyclotron Center, Veterans General Hospital, Taipei 112, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: rsliu@vghtpe.gov.tw; Chou, T.-K. [Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan (China); Chang, C.-H. [Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Taoyuan 325, Taiwan (China); Wu, C.-Y. [Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan (China); Chang, C.-W. [National PET/Cyclotron Center, Veterans General Hospital, Taipei 112, Taiwan (China); Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan (China); Chang, T.-J. [Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Taoyuan 325, Taiwan (China); Wang, Shih-Jen [National PET/Cyclotron Center, Veterans General Hospital, Taipei 112, Taiwan (China); Lin, W.-J. [Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Taoyuan 325, Taiwan (China); Wang, H.-E. [Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: hewang@ym.edu.tw

    2009-04-15

    2-Deoxy-2-[{sup 18}F]fluoro-D-glucose ([{sup 18}F]FDG), [{sup 18}F]fluoroacetate ([{sup 18}F]FAc) and [{sup 18}F]fluoromisonidazole ([{sup 18}F]FMISO) were all considered to be positron emission tomography (PET) probes for tumor diagnosis, though based on different rationale of tissue uptake. This study compared the biodistribution, pharmacokinetics and imaging of these three tracers in a sarcoma- and inflammation-bearing mouse model. Methods: C3H mice were inoculated with 2x10{sup 5} KHT sarcoma cells in the right thigh on Day 0. Turpentine oil (0.1 ml) was injected in the left thigh on Day 11 to induce inflammatory lesion. Biodistribution, pharmacokinetics and microPET imaging of [{sup 18}F]FMISO, [{sup 18}F]FDG and [{sup 18}F]FAc were performed on Day 14 after tumor inoculation. Results: The inflammatory lesions were clearly visualized by [{sup 18}F]FDG/microPET and autoradiography at 3 days after turpentine oil injection. The tumor-to-muscle and inflammatory lesion-to-muscle ratios derived from microPET imaging were 6.79 and 1.48 for [{sup 18}F]FMISO, 8.12 and 4.69 for [{sup 18}F]FDG and 3.72 and 3.19 for [{sup 18}F]FAc at 4 h post injection, respectively. Among these, the tumor-to-inflammation ratio was the highest (4.57) for [{sup 18}F]FMISO compared with that of [{sup 18}F]FDG (1.73) and [{sup 18}F]FAc (1.17), whereas [{sup 18}F]FAc has the highest bioavailability (area under concentration of radiotracer vs. time curve, 116.2 hxpercentage of injected dose per gram of tissue). Conclusions: MicroPET images and biodistribution studies showed that the accumulation of [{sup 18}F]FMISO in the tumor is significantly higher than that in inflammatory lesion at 4 h post injection. [{sup 18}F]FDG and [{sup 18}F]FAc delineated both tumor and inflammatory lesions. Our results demonstrated the potential of [{sup 18}F]FMISO/PET in distinguishing tumor from inflammatory lesion.

  13. Tuning the reactivity in classic low-spin d6 rhenium(I) tricarbonyl radiopharmaceutical synthon by selective bidentate ligand variation (L,L'-Bid; L,L'= N,N', N,O, and O,O' donor atom sets) in fac-[Re(CO)3(L,L'-Bid)(MeOH)]n complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schutte, Marietjie; Kemp, Gerdus; Visser, Hendrik G; Roodt, Andreas

    2011-12-19

    A range of fac-[Re(CO)(3)(L,L'-Bid)(H(2)O)](n) (L,L'-Bid = neutral or monoanionic bidentate ligands with varied L,L' donor atoms, N,N', N,O, or O,O': 1,10-phenanthroline, 2,2'-bipydine, 2-picolinate, 2-quinolinate, 2,4-dipicolinate, 2,4-diquinolinate, tribromotropolonate, and hydroxyflavonate; n = 0, +1) has been synthesized and the aqua/methanol substitution has been investigated. The complexes were characterized by UV-vis, IR and NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallographic studies of the compounds fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Phen)(H(2)O)]NO(3)·0.5Phen, fac-[Re(CO)(3)(2,4-dQuinH)(H(2)O)]·H(2)O, fac-[Re(CO)(3)(2,4-dQuinH)Py]Py, and fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Flav)(CH(3)OH)]·CH(3)OH are reported. A four order-of-magnitude of activation for the methanol substitution is induced as manifested by the second order rate constants with (N,N'-Bid) fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Phen)(MeOH)](+) (50 ± 3) × 10(-3), (5.9 ± 0.3) × 10(-4), 84 ± 7; fac-[Re(CO)(3)(2,4-dPicoH)(MeOH)] (15.7 ± 0.2) × 10(-3), (6.3 ± 0.8) × 10(-4), 25 ± 3; fac-[Re(CO)(3)(TropBr(3))(MeOH)] (7.06 ± 0.04) × 10(-2), (4 ± 1) × 10(-3), 18 ± 4; fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Flav)(MeOH)] 7.2 ± 0.3, 3.17 ± 0.09, 2.5 ± 2. Activation parameters (ΔH(k1)(++), kJmol(-1); ΔS(k1)(), J K(-1) mol(-1)) from Eyring plots for entering nucleophiles as indicated are as follows: fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Phen)(MeOH)](+) iodide 70 ± 1, -35 ± 3; fac-[Re(CO)(3)(2,4-dPico)(MeOH)] bromide 80.8 ± 6, -8 ± 2; fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Flav)(MeOH)] bromide 52 ± 5, -52 ± 15. A dissociative interchange mechanism is proposed. © 2011 American Chemical Society

  14. C-C coupling of N-heterocycles at the fac-Re(CO)(3) fragment: synthesis of pyridylimidazole and bipyridine ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viguri, Maialen Espinal; Pérez, Julio; Riera, Lucía

    2014-05-05

    A new family of cationic rhenium tricarbonyl complexes with either two N-alkylimidazole (N-RIm) and one pyridine (Py) ligand, or two pyridine and one N-RIm ligand, [Re(CO)3 (N-RIm)(3-x) (Py)x ](+) , has been prepared. The reaction of these complexes with a strong base, followed by an oxidant, selectively afforded 2,2'-pyridylimidazole complexes as the result of intramolecular dehydrogenative CC coupling reactions. For tris(pyridine) complexes [Re(CO)3 (Py)3 ](+) the reaction pattern upon a deprotonation/oxidation sequence is maintained, which allows the generation of complexes with 2,2'-bipyridine ligands. In the particular combination of two different types of pyridine ligand in the cationic fac-Re(CO)3 complexes only the cross-coupling products with asymmetric 2,2'-bipyridine ligands were obtained; the homocoupling products were not observed. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  15. Representações sociais e território nas letras de funk proibido de facção

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Rodriguez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta, por meio de uma análise de letras de funk “proibido de facção”, uma leitura da territorialidade do tráfico de drogas nas favelas. Esse estilo musical, que expressa uma cultura específica da juventude urbana pobre, revela cenas de um cotidiano pouco conhecido pela maior parte da população. Para tal, foi realizada a análise do conteúdo de 50 letras de funk, de forma a se compreenderem questões que esse tipo de narrativa faz circular. Destaca-se o território e a territorialidade como categorias de análise que revelam a dinâmica que o tráfico de drogas impõe nos espaços populares da cidade e que incidem diretamente nas representações sociais e práticas dos moradores das favelas.

  16. Five-year disease-free survival among stage II-IV breast cancer patients receiving FAC and AC chemotherapy in phase II clinical trials of Panagen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proskurina, Anastasia S; Gvozdeva, Tatiana S; Potter, Ekaterina A; Dolgova, Evgenia V; Orishchenko, Konstantin E; Nikolin, Valeriy P; Popova, Nelly A; Sidorov, Sergey V; Chernykh, Elena R; Ostanin, Alexandr A; Leplina, Olga Y; Dvornichenko, Victoria V; Ponomarenko, Dmitriy M; Soldatova, Galina S; Varaksin, Nikolay A; Ryabicheva, Tatiana G; Uchakin, Peter N; Rogachev, Vladimir A; Shurdov, Mikhail A; Bogachev, Sergey S

    2016-08-18

    We report on the results of a phase II clinical trial of Panagen (tablet form of fragmented human DNA preparation) in breast cancer patients (placebo group n = 23, Panagen n = 57). Panagen was administered as an adjuvant leukoprotective agent in FAC and AC chemotherapy regimens. Pre-clinical studies clearly indicate that Panagen acts by activating dendritic cells and induces the development of adaptive anticancer immune response. We analyzed 5-year disease-free survival of patients recruited into the trial. Five-year disease-free survival in the placebo group was 40 % (n = 15), compared with the Panagen arm - 53 % (n = 51). Among stage III patients, disease-free survival was 25 and 52 % for placebo (n = 8) and Panagen (n = 25) groups, respectively. Disease-free survival of patients with IIIB + C stage was as follows: placebo (n = 6)-17 % vs Panagen (n = 18)-50 %. Disease-free survival rate (17 %) of patients with IIIB + C stage breast cancer receiving standard of care therapy is within the global range. Patients who additionally received Panagen demonstrate a significantly improved disease-free survival rate of 50 %. This confirms anticancer activity of Panagen. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02115984 from 04/07/2014.

  17. Influence of bidentate ligand donor types on the formation and stability in 2 + 1 fac-[MI(CO)3]+ (M = Re, 99mTc) complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Thomas R; Bottorff, Shalina C; Slocumb, Winston S; Barnes, Charles L; Clark, Aurora E; Benny, Paul D

    2017-01-24

    In the last two decades, a number of chelate strategies have been proposed for the fac-[M I (CO) 3 ] + (M = Re, 99m Tc) core in radiopharmaceutical applications. However, the development of new ligands/complexes with improved function and in vivo performance has been limited in recent years. Expanding on our previous studies using the 2 + 1 labeling strategy, a series of bidentate ligands (neutral vs. anionic) containing an aromatic amine in combination with monodentate pyridine analogs or imidazole were explored to determine the influence of the bidentate and monodentate ligands on the formation and stability of the respective complexes. The 2 + 1 complexes with Re and 99m Tc were synthesized in two steps and characterized by standard radio/chemical methods. X-ray characterization and density functional theory analysis of the Re 2 + 1 complexes with the complete bidentate series with 4-dimethylaminopyridine were conducted, indicating enhanced ligand binding energies of the neutral over anionic ligands. In the 99m Tc studies, anionic bidentate ligands had significantly higher formation yields of the 2 + 1 product, but neutral ligands appear to have increased stability in an amino acid challenge assay. Both bidentate series exhibited improved stability by increasing the basicity of the pyridine ligands.

  18. Crystal structure of fac-tri-carbonyl-chlorido-bis-(4-hy-droxy-pyridine)-rhenium(I)-pyridin-4(1H)-one (1/1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argibay-Otero, Saray; Carballo, Rosa; Vázquez-López, Ezequiel M

    2017-10-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [ReCl(C 5 H 5 NO) 2 (CO) 3 ]·C 5 H 5 NO, contains one mol-ecule of the complex fac -[ReCl(4-pyOH) 2 (CO) 3 ] (where 4-pyOH represents 4-hy-droxy-pyridine) and one mol-ecule of pyridin-4(1 H )-one (4-HpyO). In the mol-ecule of the complex, the Re atom is coordinated to two N atoms of the two 4-pyOH ligands, three carbonyl C atoms, in a facial configuration, and the Cl atom. The resulting geometry is slightly distorted octa-hedral. In the crystal structure, both fragments are associated by hydrogen bonds; two 4-HpyO mol-ecules bridge between two mol-ecules of the complex using the O=C group as acceptor for two different HO- groups of coordinated 4-pyOH from two neighbouring metal complexes. The resulting square arrangements are extented into infinite chains by hydrogen bonds involving the N-H groups of the 4-HpyO mol-ecule and the chloride ligands. The chains are further stabilized by π-stacking inter-actions.

  19. Cu-free 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition click reactions to form isoxazole linkers in chelating ligands for fac-[M(I)(CO)3]+ centers (M = Re, 99mTc).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bottorff, Shalina C; Kasten, Benjamin B; Stojakovic, Jelena; Moore, Adam L; MacGillivray, Leonard R; Benny, Paul D

    2014-02-17

    Isoxazole ring formation was examined as a potential Cu-free alternative click reaction to Cu(I)-catalyzed alkyne/azide cycloaddition. The isoxazole reaction was explored at macroscopic and radiotracer concentrations with the fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) (M = Re, (99m)Tc) core for use as a noncoordinating linker strategy between covalently linked molecules. Two click assembly methods (click, then chelate and chelate, then click) were examined to determine the feasibility of isoxazole ring formation with either alkyne-functionalized tridentate chelates or their respective fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) complexes with a model nitrile oxide generator. Macroscale experiments, alkyne-functionalized chelates, or Re complexes indicate facile formation of the isoxazole ring. (99m)Tc experiments demonstrate efficient radiolabeling with click, then chelate; however, the chelate, then click approach led to faster product formation, but lower yields compared to the Re analogues.

  20. Complexes possessing rare "tertiary" sulfonamide nitrogen-to-metal bonds of normal length: fac-[Re(CO)3(N(SO2R)dien)]PF6 complexes with hydrophilic sulfonamide ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abhayawardhana, Pramuditha L; Marzilli, Patricia A; Fronczek, Frank R; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2014-01-21

    Tertiary sulfonamide nitrogen-to-metal bonds of normal length are very rare. We recently discovered such a bond in one class of fac-[Re(CO)3(N(SO2R)(CH2Z)2)](n) complexes (Z = 2-pyridyl) with N(SO2R)dpa ligands derived from di-(2-picolyl)amine (N(H)dpa). fac-[M(CO)3(N(SO2R)(CH2Z)2)](n) agents (M = (186/188)Re, (99m)Tc) could find use as radiopharmaceutical bioconjugates when R is a targeting moiety. However, the planar, electron-withdrawing 2-pyridyl groups of N(SO2R)dpa destabilize the ligand to base and create relatively rigid chelate rings, raising the possibility that the rare M-N(sulfonamide) bond is an artifact of a restricted geometry. Also, the hydrophobic 2-pyridyl groups could cause undesirable accumulation in the liver, limiting future use in radiopharmaceuticals. Our goal is to identify a robust, hydrophilic, and flexible N(CH2Z)2 chelate framework. New C2-symmetric ligands, N(SO2R)(CH2Z)2 with (Z = CH2NH2; R = Me, dmb, or tol), were prepared by treating N(H)dien(Boc)2, a protected diethylenetriamine (N(H)dien) derivative, with methanesulfonyl chloride (MeSO2Cl), 3,5-dimethylbenzenesulfonyl chloride (dmbSO2Cl), and 4-methylbenzenesulfonyl chloride (tolSO2Cl). Treatment of fac-[Re(CO)3(H2O)3](+) with these ligands, designated as N(SO2R)dien, afforded new fac-[Re(CO)3(N(SO2R)dien)]PF6 complexes. Comparing the fac-[Re(CO)3(N(SO2Me)dien)]PF6 and fac-[Re(CO)3(N(SO2Me)dpa)]PF6 complexes, we find that the Re(I)-N(sulfonamide) bonds are normal in length and statistically identical and that the methyl (13)C NMR signal has an unusually upfield shift compared to that in the free ligand. We attribute this unusual upfield shift to the fact that the sulfonamide N undergoes an sp(2)-to-sp(3) rehybridization upon coordination to Re(I) in both complexes. Thus, the sulfonamide N of N(SO2R)dien ligands is a good donor, even though the chelate rings are conformationally flexible. Addition of the strongly basic and potentially monodentate ligand, 4-dimethylaminopyridine

  1. Synthesis and characterization of fac-[M(CO)3(P)(OO)] and cis-trans-[M(CO)2(P)2(OO)] complexes (M = Re, (99m)Tc) with acetylacetone and curcumin as OO donor bidentate ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triantis, Charalampos; Tsotakos, Theodoros; Tsoukalas, Charalampos; Sagnou, Marina; Raptopoulou, Catherine; Terzis, Aris; Psycharis, Vassilis; Pelecanou, Maria; Pirmettis, Ioannis; Papadopoulos, Minas

    2013-11-18

    The synthesis and characterization of neutral mixed ligand complexes fac-[M(CO)3(P)(OO)] and cis-trans-[M(CO)2(P)2(OO)] (M = Re, (99m)Tc), with deprotonated acetylacetone or curcumin as the OO donor bidentate ligands and a phosphine (triphenylphosphine or methyldiphenylphosphine) as the monodentate P ligand, is described. The complexes were synthesized through the corresponding fac-[M(CO)3(H2O)(OO)] (M = Re, (99m)Tc) intermediate aqua complex. In the presence of phosphine, replacement of the H2O molecule of the intermediate complex at room temperature generates the neutral tricarbonyl monophosphine fac-[Re(CO)3(P)(OO)] complex, while under reflux conditions further replacement of the trans to the phosphine carbonyl generates the new stable dicarbonyl bisphosphine complex cis-trans-[Re(CO)2(P)2(OO)]. The Re complexes were fully characterized by elemental analysis, spectroscopic methods, and X-ray crystallography showing a distorted octahedral geometry around Re. Both the monophosphine and the bisphosphine complexes of curcumin show selective binding to β-amyloid plaques of Alzheimer's disease. At the (99m)Tc tracer level, the same type of complexes, fac-[(99m)Tc(CO)3(P)(OO)] and cis-trans-[(99m)Tc(CO)2(P)2(OO)], are formed introducing new donor combinations for (99m)Tc(I). Overall, β-diketonate and phosphine constitute a versatile ligand combination for Re(I) and (99m)Tc(I), and the successful employment of the multipotent curcumin as β-diketone provides a solid example of the pharmacological potential of this system.

  2. Proof of Innocence for the Quintessential Noninnocent Ligand TCNQ in its Tetranuclear Complex with Four [fac-Re(CO)3(bpy)]+ Groups: Unusually Different Reactivity of the TCNX Ligands (TCNX = TCNE, TCNQ, TCNB)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hartmann, H.; Kaim, W.; Wanner, M.; Klein, A.; Frantz, S.; Duboc-Toia, C.; Fiedler, Jan; Záliš, Stanislav

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 42, č. 22 (2003), s. 7018-7025 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA MŠk OC D15.10; GA MŠk OC D14.20 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4040901 Keywords : magnetic-properties * coordination chemistry * radical complex Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact fac tor: 3.389, year: 2003

  3. Evaluation of LINE-1 mobility in neuroblastoma cells by in vitro retrotransposition reporter assay: FACS analysis can detect only the tip of the iceberg of the inserted L1 elements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Del Re, Brunella; Marcantonio, Pamela; Capri, Miriam; Giorgi, Gianfranco

    2010-01-01

    Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements (L1) are retroelements generally repressed in most differentiated somatic cells. Their activity has been observed in some undifferentiated and tumour cells and could be involved in tumour onset and progression. Growing evidences show that the L1 activation can occur in neuronal precursor cells during differentiation process. Neuroblastoma is a tumour originating from neuronal precursor cells, and, although the molecular basis of its progression is still poorly understood, the implication of L1 activation has not yet been investigated. In this study L1 mobility in neuroblastoma BE(2)C cells was assessed using the in vitro retrotransposition assay consisting in an episomal EGFP-tagged L1 RP element, whose mobility can be evaluated by cytofluorimetric analysis (FACS) of EGFP expression. FACS results have shown a low retrotransposition activity. To detect L1 RP integrated in transcriptionally repressed genomic sites, both a cell treatment with a stimulator of reporter gene promoter, and a quantitative Real-Time PCR analysis were performed. A retrotransposition activity ten and one thousand times that of FACS was found, respectively. These results point out that the real rate of L1 retrotransposition events in tumour cells might be considerably higher than that reported so far by evaluating only the reporter gene expression.

  4. Architecture, landscape architecture and interior- Hons B 2009

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Osman, A

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available their multiple meanings ? re- ligious, political and historical ? and adapt to facilitate cultural exchange through adaptive re-use. This scheme re-invents the synagogue as an adaptable music venue and re-integrates it into the urban fabric from which it has... on the reciprocal relationship between architecture and its urban environment. The history and theory of urban form, historical social and political impacts on urban space and architecture, and current approaches to urbanism will be explored. Students will each...

  5. NH NMR shifts of new structurally characterized fac-[Re(CO)3(polyamine)]n+ complexes probed via outer-sphere hydrogen-bonding interactions to anions, including the paramagnetic [Re(IV)Br6]2- anion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, Theshini; Marzilli, Patricia A; Fronczek, Frank R; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2010-06-21

    fac-[Re(I)(CO)(3)L](n) complexes serve as models for short-lived fac-[(99m)Tc(I)(CO)(3)L](n) imaging tracers (L = tridentate ligands forming two five-membered chelate rings defining the L face). Dangling groups on L, needed to achieve desirable biodistribution, complicate the NMR spectra, which are not readily understood. Using less complicated L, we found that NH groups (exo-NH) projecting toward the L face sometimes showed an upfield shift attributable to steric shielding of the exo-NH group from the solvent by the chelate rings. Our goal is to advance our ability to relate these spectral features to structure and solution properties. To investigate whether exo-NH groups in six-membered rings exhibit the same effect and whether the presence of dangling groups alters the effect, we prepared new fac-[Re(CO)(3)L](n+) complexes that allow direct comparisons of exo-NH shifts for six-membered versus five-membered chelate rings. New complexes were structurally characterized with the following L: dipn [N-3-(aminopropyl)-1,3-propanediamine], N'-Medipn (3,3'-diamino-N-methyldipropylamine), N,N-Me(2)dipn (N,N-dimethyldipropylenetriamine), aepn [N-2-(aminoethyl)-1,3-propanediamine], trpn [tris-(3-aminopropyl)amine], and tren [tris-(2-aminoethyl)amine]. In DMSO-d(6), the upfield exo-NH signals were exhibited by all complexes, indicating that the rings sterically shield the exo-NH groups from bulky solvent molecules. This interpretation was supported by exo-NH signal shift changes caused by added halide and [ReBr(6)](2-) anions, consistent with outer-sphere hydrogen-bond interactions between these anions and the exo-NH groups. For fac-[Re(CO)(3)(dipn)]PF(6) in acetonitrile-d(3), the exo-NH signal shifted further downfield in the series, Cl(-) > Br(-) > I(-), and the plateau in the shift change required a lower concentration for smaller anions. These results are consistent with steric shielding of the exo-NH groups by the chelate rings. Nevertheless, despite its size, the shape

  6. Sixteen years follow-up results of a randomized phase II trial of neoadjuvant fluorouracil, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FAC) compared with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil (CMF) in stage III breast cancer: GOCS experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leone, José Pablo; Leone, Julieta; Vallejo, Carlos Teodoro; Pérez, Juan Eduardo; Romero, Alberto Omar; Machiavelli, Mario Raul; Romero Acuña, Luis; Domínguez, María Ester; Langui, Mario; Fasce, Hebe Margot; Leone, Bernardo Amadeo; Ortiz, Eduardo; Iturbe, Julián; Zwenger, Ariel Osvaldo

    2014-01-01

    Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) allows direct evaluation of the tumor's sensitivity to therapy, eradication of micrometastatic disease and the possibility of performing breast conserving surgery. The aim of this study was to describe long-term results of NAC in stage III breast cancer patients. We evaluated 126 patients that participated in a phase II randomized trial of neoadjuvant FAC compared with CMF. Chemotherapy was administered for three cycles prior to definitive surgery and radiotherapy, and then for six cycles as adjuvant. Median follow-up was 4.5 years (range 0.2-16.4). Objective response rate (OR) was similar in both groups (61 % for FAC, 66 % for CMF, P = NS). There were no differences in median disease free survival (DFS) or overall survival (OS) (5.1 vs 3.3 years and 6.7 vs 6.3 years for FAC and CMF, respectively). After 16 years of follow-up, 53 patients are still alive. Multivariate analysis showed that the number of pathologically involved lymph nodes (pLN) was the only factor associated with both, DFS and OS (P = 0.0003 and P = 0.0005, respectively). Both regimens were well tolerated, CMF had higher incidence of grade 3-4 leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and stomatitis, whereas alopecia was more common in FAC. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report long-term outcomes of FAC and CMF in the neoadjuvant setting. Within the sensitivity of our study, both regimens showed similar OR, long-term toxicity, DFS, and OS rate at 16 years. After 5 years, the hazard of death seems to decline. The prolonged follow-up of this study provides a unique opportunity to evaluate factors that predict long-term outcomes. After 16 years of follow-up, the number of pLN remains the most powerful predictor of survival.

  7. New monodentate amidine superbasic ligands with a single configuration in fac-[Re(CO)3(5,5'- or 6,6'-Me2bipyridine)(amidine)]BF4 complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abhayawardhana, Pramuditha; Marzilli, Patricia A; Perera, Theshini; Fronczek, Frank R; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2012-07-02

    Treatment of two precursors, fac-[Re(CO)(3)(L)(CH(3)CN)]BF(4) [L = 5,5'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine (5,5'-Me(2)bipy) (1) and 6,6'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine (6,6'-Me(2)bipy) (2)], with five C(2)-symmetrical saturated heterocyclic amines yielded 10 new amidine complexes, fac-[Re(CO)(3)(L)(HNC(CH(3))N(CH(2)CH(2))(2)Y)]BF(4) [Y = CH(2), (CH(2))(2), (CH(2))(3), NH, or O]. All 10 complexes possess the novel feature of having only one isomer (amidine E configuration), as established by crystallographic and (1)H NMR spectroscopic methods. We are confident that NMR signals of the other possible isomer (amidine Z configuration) would have been detected, if it were present. Isomers are readily detected in closely related amidine complexes because the double-bond character of the amidine C-N3 bond (N3 is bound to Re) leads to slow E to Z isomer interchange. The new fac-[Re(CO)(3)(L)(HNC(CH(3))N(CH(2)CH(2))(2)Y)]BF(4) complexes have C-N3 bonds with essentially identical double-bond character. However, the reason that the Z isomer is so unstable as to be undetectable in the new complexes is undoubtedly because of unfavorable clashes between the equatorial ligands and the bulky N(CH(2)CH(2))(2)Y ring moiety of the axial amidine ligand. The amidine formation reactions in acetonitrile (25 °C) proceeded more easily with 2 than with 1, indicating that the distortion in 6,6'-Me(2)bipy resulting from the proximity of the methyl substituents to the inner coordination sphere enhanced the reactivity of the coordinated CH(3)CN. Reaction times for 1 and 2 exhibited a similar dependence on the basicity and ring size of the heterocyclic amine reactants. Moreover, when the product of the reaction of 1 with piperidine, fac-[Re(CO)(3)(5,5'-Me(2)bipy)(HNC(CH(3))N(CH(2)CH(2))(2)CH(2))]BF(4), was challenged in acetonitrile-d(3) or CDCl(3) with a 5-fold excess of the strong 4-dimethylaminopyridine ligand, there was no evidence for replacement of the amidine ligand after two months, thus establishing

  8. Photochemistry of fac-[Re(CO)3(dcbH2)( trans-stpy)]+: New Insights on the Isomerization Mechanism of Coordinated Stilbene-like Ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faustino, Leandro A; Hora Machado, Antonio Eduardo; Patrocinio, Antonio Otavio T

    2018-03-05

    In this work, a novel complex fac-[Re(CO) 3 (dcbH 2 )( trans-stpy)] + , (dcbH 2 = 4,4'-dicarboxylic acid-2,2'-bipyridine; trans-stpy = trans-4-styrylpyridine) was synthesized and characterized toward its spectroscopic, photochemical, and photophysical properties. The experimental data provide new insights on the mechanism of photochemical trans-to- cis isomerization of the stilbene-like ligand coordinated to Re(I) polypyridyl complexes. The new complex exhibits an unusual and strong dependence of the isomerization quantum yield (Φ t →c ) on the irradiation wavelength. Φ t →c was 0.81 ± 0.08 for irradiation at 365 nm and continuously decreased as the irradiation wavelength is shifted to the visible. At 405 nm irradiation Φ t →c is almost 2 orders of magnitude lower (0.010 ± 0.005) than that observed at 365 nm excitation. This behavior can be explained by the low-lying triplet metal-to-ligand charge-transfer excited state ( 3 MLCT) that hinders the triplet photoreaction mechanism under visible light absorption. Under UV irradiation, direct population of styrylpyridine-centered excited state ( 1 IL) leads to the occurrence of the photoisomerization via a singlet mechanism. Further experiments were performed with the complex immobilized on the surface of TiO 2 and Al 2 O 3 films. The nonoccurrence of isomerization at the oxide surfaces even under UV excitation evidences the role of energy gap between the 1 IL/ 1 MLCT states on the photochemical/photophysical processes. The results establish important relationships between the molecular structure and the photoelectrochemical behavior, which can further contribute to the development of solid-state molecular switches based on Re(I) polypyridyl complexes.

  9. Comparative kinetics of damage to the plasma and mitochondrial membranes by intra-cellularly synthesized and externally-provided photosensitizers using multi-color FACS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haupt, Sara; Malik, Zvi; Ehrenberg, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer involves inflicting lethal damage to the cells of malignant tumors, primarily by singlet oxygen that is generated following light-absorption in a photosensitizer molecule. Dysfunction of cells is manifested in many ways, including peroxidation of cellular components, membrane rupture, depolarization of electric potentials, termination of mitochondrial activity, onset of apoptosis and necrosis and eventually cell lysis. These events do not necessarily occur in linear fashion and different types of damage to cell components occur, most probably, in parallel. In this report we measured the relative rates of damage to two cellular membranes: the plasma membrane and the mitochondrial membrane. We employed photosensitizers of diverse hydrophobicities and used different incubation procedures, which lead to their different intra-cellular localizations. We monitored the damage that was inflicted on these membranes, by employing optical probes of membrane integrity, in a multi-color FACS experiment. The potentiometric indicator JC-1 monitored the electric cross-membrane potential of the mitochondria and the fluorometric indicator Draq7 monitored the rupture of the plasma membrane. We show that the electric depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane and the damage to the enveloping plasma membrane proceed with different kinetics that reflect the molecular character and intracellular location of the sensitizer: PpIX that is synthesized in the cells from ALA causes rapid mitochondrial damage and very slow damage to the plasma membrane, while externally added PpIX has an opposite effect. The hydrophilic sensitizer HypS4 can be taken up by the cells by different incubation conditions, and these affect its intracellular location, and as a consequence either the plasma membrane or the mitochondria is damaged first. A similar correlation was found for additional extracellularly-provided photosensitizers HP and PpIX.

  10. Superbasic amidine monodentate ligands in fac-[Re(CO)3(5,5'-Me2bipy)(amidine)]BF4 complexes: dependence of amidine configuration on the remote nitrogen substituents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, Theshini; Fronczek, Frank R; Marzilli, Patricia A; Marzilli, Luigi G

    2010-08-02

    Addition of various RNH(2) to fac-[Re(CO)(3)(5,5'-Me(2)bipy)(CH(3)CN)]BF(4) (1) converts the acetonitrile ligand to the amidine ligand (a superbase) in fac-[Re(CO)(3)(5,5'-Me(2)bipy)(HNC(CH(3))NHR)]BF(4) products. Each complex has four conceivable isomers (E, E', Z, and Z') because the amidine CN bonds have double-bond character, and the two remote NHR group substituents are different. The reaction of 1 in acetonitrile is complete in 6 to 96 h (25 degrees C) and forms fac-[Re(CO)(3)(5,5'-Me(2)bipy)(HNC(CH(3))NHR)]BF(4) E' and Z isomers. Only the E' isomer formed crystals (R = methyl, isopropyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl, and benzyl). Upon dissolution of such crystals in acetonitrile-d(3), NMR spectra with highly dominant E' signals gradually changed (approximately 15 min at room temperature) to spectra with signals for an equilibrium mixture of E' and Z isomers. Such slow E'-to-Z isomer interchange is also indicated by 2D ROESY NMR data used primarily to assign solution structure. Equilibrium ratios (E':Z) of approximately 65:35 for R = methyl, isopropyl, and isobutyl and 83:17 for R = tert-butyl demonstrate that increasing the remote NHR group steric bulk above a threshold size favors the E' isomer. Consistent with this trend, fac-[Re(CO)(3)(5,5'-Me(2)bipy)(HNC(CH(3))NH(2))]BF(4), with a remote NH(2) (low bulk) group, favors the Z isomer. In contrast, although the remote NH(benzyl) group in fac-[Re(CO)(3)(5,5'-Me(2)bipy)(HNC(CH(3))NH(CH(2)C(6)H(5))]BF(4) has only moderate bulk, the E' isomer has high abundance as a result of favorable 5,5'-Me(2)bipy/benzyl stacking, evidence for which is present in both solid and solution states. The fac-[Re(CO)(3)(5,5'-Me(2)bipy)(HNC(CH(3))NHR)]BF(4) E isomer can be detected in solvents of low polarity. However, the Z' isomer was not observed, undoubtedly because unfavorable remote-group clashes with the equatorial ligands destabilize this isomer. Challenge studies with a 5-fold excess of 4-dimethylaminopyridine in acetonitrile-d(3

  11. Characterization of Water Coordination to Ferrous Nitrosyl Complexes with fac-N2O, cis-N2O2, and N2O3 Donor Ligands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCracken, John; Cappillino, Patrick J; McNally, Joshua S; Krzyaniak, Matthew D; Howart, Michael; Tarves, Paul C; Caradonna, John P

    2015-07-06

    Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments were done on a series of S = (3)/2 ferrous nitrosyl model complexes prepared with chelating ligands that mimic the 2-His-1-carboxylate facial triad iron binding motif of the mononuclear nonheme iron oxidases. These complexes formed a comparative family, {FeNO}(7)(N2Ox)(H2O)3-x with x = 1-3, where the labile coordination sites for the binding of NO and solvent water were fac for x = 1 and cis for x = 2. The continuous-wave EPR spectra of these three complexes were typical of high-spin S = (3)/2 transition-metal ions with resonances near g = 4 and 2. Orientation-selective hyperfine sublevel correlation (HYSCORE) spectra revealed cross peaks arising from the protons of coordinated water in a clean spectral window from g = 3.0 to 2.3. These cross peaks were absent for the {FeNO}(7)(N2O3) complex. HYSCORE spectra were analyzed using a straightforward model for defining the spin Hamiltonian parameters of bound water and showed that, for the {FeNO}(7)(N2O2)(H2O) complex, a single water conformer with an isotropic hyperfine coupling, Aiso = 0.0 ± 0.3 MHz, and a dipolar coupling of T = 4.8 ± 0.2 MHz could account for the data. For the {FeNO}(7)(N2O)(H2O)2 complex, the HYSCORE cross peaks assigned to coordinated water showed more frequency dispersion and were analyzed with discrete orientations and hyperfine couplings for the two water molecules that accounted for the observed orientation-selective contour shapes. The use of three-pulse electron spin echo envelope modulation (ESEEM) data to quantify the number of water ligands coordinated to the {FeNO}(7) centers was explored. For this aspect of the study, HYSCORE spectra were important for defining a spectral window where empirical integration of ESEEM spectra would be the most accurate.

  12. Activation of the manganese(I) tricarbonyl core by selective variation of bidentate ligands (L,L'-Bid = N,N' and N,O donor atom sets) in fac-[Mn(CO)3(L,L'-Bid)(CH3OH)](n) complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twala, T N; Schutte-Smith, M; Roodt, A; Visser, H G

    2015-02-21

    A range of fac-[Mn(CO)3(L,L'-Bid)(H2O)](n) (L,L'-Bid = neutral or monoanionic bidentate ligands with varied L,L' donor atoms, N,N' and N,O, 1,10-phenanthroline, 2,2'-bipyridine, 2-picolinate, 2,4-quinolinate; n = 0, +1) has been synthesized and the methanol substitution has been investigated for the first time. The complexes were characterized by UV/vis, IR and NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallographic studies of the compounds fac-[Mn(CO)3(Bipy)(H2O)][CF3SO3] () and fac-[Mn(CO)3(Phen)(H2O)][CF3SO3] () are reported. A two order-of-magnitude of activation for the methanol substitution is induced as manifested by the second order rate constants with (N,N'-Bid) fac-[Mn(CO)3(Phen)(CH3OH)](+) (2.39 ± 5) × 10(-3), (1.5 ± 0.3) × 10(-5), 159 ± 32; fac-[Mn(CO)3(2,4-QuinH)(CH3OH)] (4.5 ± 0.2), (4 ± 1) × 10(-2), 113 ± 29. Activation parameters (ΔH, kJ mol(-1); ΔS, J K(-1) mol(-1)) from Eyring plots for entering nucleophiles as indicated are as follows: fac-[Mn(CO)3(Phen)(CH3OH)](+) (bromide ions) 66.7 ± 0.6, -27 ± 2; (pyridine) 80 ± 3, -25 ± 11; fac-[Mn(CO)3(Pico)(CH3OH)] (bromide ions) 68 ± 2, -24 ± 5. A dissociative interchange mechanism is proposed.

  13. Photochemistry in a 3D metal-organic framework (MOF): monitoring intermediates and reactivity of the fac-to-mer photoisomerization of Re(diimine)(CO)3Cl incorporated in a MOF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Easun, Timothy L; Jia, Junhua; Calladine, James A; Blackmore, Danielle L; Stapleton, Christopher S; Vuong, Khuong Q; Champness, Neil R; George, Michael W

    2014-03-03

    The mechanism and intermediates in the UV-light-initiated ligand rearrangement of fac-Re(diimine)(CO)3Cl to form the mer isomer, when incorporated into a 3D metal-organic framework (MOF), have been investigated. The structure hosting the rhenium diimine complex is a 3D network with the formula {Mn(DMF)2[LRe(CO)3Cl]}∞ (ReMn; DMF = N,N-dimethylformamide), where the diimine ligand L, 2,2'-bipyridine-5,5'-dicarboxylate, acts as a strut of the MOF. The incorporation of ReMn into a KBr disk allows spatial distribution of the mer-isomer photoproduct in the disk to be mapped and spectroscopically characterized by both Fourier transform infrared and Raman microscopy. Photoisomerization has been monitored by IR spectroscopy and proceeds via dissociation of a CO to form more than one dicarbonyl intermediate. The dicarbonyl species are stable in the solid state at 200 K. The photodissociated CO ligand appears to be trapped within the crystal lattice and, upon warming above 200 K, readily recombines with the dicarbonyl intermediates to form both the fac-Re(diimine)(CO)3Cl starting material and the mer-Re(diimine)(CO)3Cl photoproduct. Experiments over a range of temperatures (265-285 K) allow estimates of the activation enthalpy of recombination for each process of ca. 16 (±6) kJ mol(-1) (mer formation) and 23 (±4) kJ mol(-1) (fac formation) within the MOF. We have compared the photochemistry of the ReMn MOF with a related alkane-soluble Re(dnb)(CO)3Cl complex (dnb = 4,4'-dinonyl-2,2'-bipyridine). Time-resolved IR measurements clearly show that, in an alkane solution, the photoinduced dicarbonyl species again recombines with CO to both re-form the fac-isomer starting material and form the mer-isomer photoproduct. Density functional theory calculations of the possible dicarbonyl species aids the assignment of the experimental data in that the ν(CO) IR bands of the CO loss intermediate are, as expected, shifted to lower energy when the metal is bound to DMF rather than to an

  14. Questões político-criminais e processuais penais sobre a investigação criminal de chacinas protagonizadas por facções criminais nos presídios brasileiros

    OpenAIRE

    Placha Sá, Priscilla

    2017-01-01

    O objetivo do presente artigo é pontuar questões relacionadas com a investigação criminal de eventos ocorridos dentro das unidades prisionais envolvendo facções criminosas, sob dois aspectos: a questão político-criminal e o (des)interesse das autoridades públicas em investigar os fatos; e a questão processual penal envolvendo os meios de prova, tanto os tradicionais quanto os mais modernos. A metodologia utilizada, de forma majoritária, é a revisão bibliográfica, ainda que não exaustiva, pelo...

  15. Time-resolved EPR study on the photoexcited triplet state of the electron-donor-acceptor complex formed in the system of fac-tris[2-(4-octyl-phenyl) pyridine] iridium(III) and tetracene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhebin, Fu; Shuhei, Yoshioka; Hisao, Murai

    2014-01-09

    The physical properties of the phosphorescent organic light-emitting diode material fac-tris(phenylpyridine) iridium(III), Ir(ppy)3, have been reported with experimental and theoretical studies. Here, the photochemical properties of the excited triplet state of partially modified fac-tris[2-(4-octyl-phenyl) pyridine] iridium(III), Ir(C8ppy)3, were investigated using time-resolved electron paramagnetic resonance (tr-EPR) and optical methods by adding tetracene in the toluene solution. The tr-EPR observation at 77 K revealed the following two species: the excited triplet state of tetracene and another triplet species with zero field splitting parameters of |D| = 0.088 cm(-1) and |E| = 0.018 cm(-1) with characteristic spin polarization. The latter species was assigned to the electron-donor-acceptor (EDA) complex formed between Ir(C8ppy)3 and tetracene. The mechanism of formation and the properties of this EDA complex, including the information on the principal axes of (3)Ir(C8ppy)3*, are discussed.

  16. fac-Re(CO)3 complexes of 2,6-bis(4-substituted-1,2,3-triazol-1-ylmethyl)pyridine "click" ligands: synthesis, characterisation and photophysical properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Christopher B; Elliott, Anastasia B S; Lewis, James E M; McAdam, C John; Gordon, Keith C; Crowley, James D

    2012-12-28

    The syntheses of the 4-n-propyl and 4-phenyl substituted fac-Re(CO)(3) complexes of the tridentate "click" ligand (2,6-bis(4-substituted-1,2,3-triazol-1-ylmethyl)pyridine) are described. The complexes were obtained by refluxing methanol solutions of [Re(CO)(5)Cl], AgPF(6) and either the 4-propyl or 4-phenyl substituted ligand for 16 h. The ligands and the two rhenium(I) complexes were characterised by elemental analysis, HR-ESMS, ATR-IR, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy and the molecular structures of both complexes were confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The electronic structure of the fac-Re(CO)(3) "click" complexes was probed using UV-Vis, Raman and emission spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and DFT calculations. Altering the electronic nature of the ligand's substituent, from aromatic to alkyl, had little effect on the absorption/emission maxima and electrochemical properties of the complexes indicating that the 1,2,3-triazole unit may insulate the metal centre from the electronic modification at the ligands' periphery. Both Re(I) complexes were found to be weakly emitting with short excited state lifetimes. The electrochemistry of the complexes is defined by quasi-reversible Re oxidation and irreversible triazole-based ligand reduction processes.

  17. Synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation of novel neutral fac-M(CO){sub 3}(SNO) complexes (M=Re, {sup 99m}Tc) bearing the o-methoxyphenylpiperazine moiety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiotellis, A. [Institute of Radioisotopes, Radiodiagnostic Products, National Centre for Scientific Research ' Demokritos' , 15310 Ag. Paraskevi, Athens (Greece); Tsoukalas, C., E-mail: ctsoukal@rrp.demokritos.gr [Institute of Radioisotopes, Radiodiagnostic Products, National Centre for Scientific Research ' Demokritos' , 15310 Ag. Paraskevi, Athens (Greece); Pelecanou, M. [Institute of Biology, National Centre for Scientific Research ' Demokritos' , 15310 Ag. Paraskevi, Athens (Greece); Pirmettis, I.; Papadopoulos, M. [Institute of Radioisotopes, Radiodiagnostic Products, National Centre for Scientific Research ' Demokritos' , 15310 Ag. Paraskevi, Athens (Greece)

    2012-06-15

    The synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation of two new neutral tricarbonyl fac-M(CO){sub 3}(SNO) (M=Re, {sup 99m}Tc) bearing o-methoxyphenylpiperazine as pharmacophore and S-functionalized cysteine or penicillamine as chelators are reported. Competition binding tests showed good affinity for the 5-HT{sub 1A} receptor (8 and 54 nM for 4a and 4b, respectively). Biodistribution studies in healthy animals showed high initial blood and liver uptake, fast blood and tissue depuration and negligible brain uptake. - Graphical abstract: Two new neutral tricarbonyl fac-M(CO){sub 3}(SNO) (M=Re, {sup 99m}Tc) bearing o-methoxyphenylpiperazine as pharmacophore and S-functionalized cysteine or penicillamine as chelator were synthesized, characterized and evaluated as possible 5-HT{sub 1A} receptor imaging agents. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer S-functionalized cysteine or penicillamine for the 5-HT{sub 1A} receptors are reported. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Novel rhenium and technetium-99m tricarbonyl complexes were synthesized and characterized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Competition binding tests showed good affinity for the 5-HT{sub 1A} receptors. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The {sup 99m}Tc complexes showed adequate features but negligible brain uptake in mice.

  18. Synthesis, structure, luminescence, and magnetic properties of a single-ion magnet "mer"-[tris(N-[(imidazol-4-yl)-methylidene]-DL-phenylalaninato)terbium(III) and related "fac"-DL-alaninato derivative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamauchi, Suguru; Fujinami, Takeshi; Matsumoto, Naohide; Mochida, Naotaka; Ishida, Takayuki; Sunatsuki, Yukinari; Watanabe, Masayuki; Tsuchimoto, Masanobu; Coletti, Cecilia; Re, Nazzareno

    2014-06-16

    Two Tb(III) complexes with the same N6O3 donor atoms but different coordination geometries, "fac"-[Tb(III)(HL(DL-ala))3]·7H2O (1) and "mer"-[Tb(III)(HL(DL-phe))3]·7H2O (2), were synthesized, where H2L(DL-ala) and H2L(DL-phe) are N-[(imidazol-4-yl)methylidene]-DL-alanine and -DL-phenylalanine, respectively. Each Tb(III) ion is coordinated by three electronically mononegative NNO tridentate ligands to form a coordination geometry of a tricapped trigonal prism. Compound 1 consists of enantiomers "fac"-[Tb(III)(HL(D-ala))3] and "fac"-[Tb(III)(HL(L-ala))3], while 2 consists of "mer"-[Tb(III)(HL(D-phe))2(HL(L-phe))] and "mer"-[Tb(III)(HL(D-phe))(HL(L-phe))2]. Magnetic data were analyzed by a spin Hamiltonian including the crystal field effect on the Tb(III) ion (4f(8), J = 6, S = 3, L = 3, gJ = 3/2, (7)F6). The Stark splitting of the ground state (7)F6 was evaluated from magnetic analysis, and the energy diagram pattern indicated easy-plane and easy-axis (Ising type) magnetic anisotropies for 1 and 2, respectively. Highly efficient luminescences with Φ = 0.50 and 0.61 for 1 and 2, respectively, were observed, and the luminescence fine structure due to the (5)D4 → (7)F6 transition is in good accordance with the energy diagram determined from magnetic analysis. The energy diagram of 1 shows an approximate single-well potential curve, whereas that of 2 shows a double- or quadruple-well potential within the (7)F6 multiplets. Complex 2 displayed an onset of the out-of-phase signal in alternating current (ac) susceptibility at a direct current bias field of 1000 Oe on cooling down to 1.9 K. A slight frequency dependence was recorded around 2 K. On the other hand, 1 did not show any meaningful out-of-phase ac susceptibility. Pulsed-field magnetizations of 1 and 2 were measured below 1.6 K, and only 2 exhibited magnetic hysteresis. This finding agrees well with the energy diagram pattern from crystal field calculation on 1 and 2. DFT calculation allowed us to estimate the

  19. Crystal structure of bromido-fac-tricarbon-yl[5-phenyl-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-κ(2) N,N']rhenium(I).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piletska, Kseniia; Domasevitch, Konstantin V; Shtemenko, Alexander V

    2014-12-01

    In the title compound, [ReBr(C13H10N4)(CO)3], the Re(I) atom has a distorted octa-hedral coordination environment. Two N atoms of the 5-phenyl-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole ligand and two of the three carbonyl groups occupy the equatorial plane of the complex, with the third carbonyl ligand and the bromide ligand in the axial positions. The three carbonyl ligands are arranged in a fac configuration around the Re(I) atom. Mutual N-H⋯Br hydrogen bonds arrange mol-ecules into centrosymmetric dimers. Additional stabilization within the crystal structure is provided by C-H⋯O and C-H⋯Br hydrogen bonds, as well as by slipped π-π stacking inter-actions [centroid-to-centroid distance = 3.785 (5) Å], defining a three-dimensional network.

  20. Electronic Properties of 4,4Ž,5,5Ž-Tetramethyl-2,2Ž-biphosphinine (tmbp) in the Redox Series fac-[Mn(Br)(CO)3(tmbp)], [Mn(CO)3(tmbp)]2 and [Mn(CO)3(tmbp)]-: Crystallographic, Spectroelectrochemical and DFT Computational Study

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hartl, F.; Mahabiersing, T.; Le Floch, P.; Mathey, F.; Ricard, L.; Rosa, P.; Záliš, Stanislav

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 42, - (2003), s. 4442-4455 ISSN 0020-1669 R&D Projects: GA MŠk OC D14.20 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4040901 Keywords : electronic properties * spectro-electrochemical Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry Impact fac tor: 3.389, year: 2003

  1. Diagnóstico del proceso de adquisiciones logísticas aeronáuticas a través del Portal de proveedores de la agencia de compras FAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia María Peña Rendón

    2014-01-01

    Colombiana, es un trabajo de investigación efectuado con el fin de fortalecer los canales de comunicación y reducir el tiempo de repuesta en el proceso logístico de abastecimientos, agilizando y optimizando la herramienta de adquisiciones de la Agencia de Compras de la FAC, de tal manera que se garantice la credibilidad del sistema ante los proveedores y la transparencia en el uso de la información. El artículo se enfocó en determinar las falencias del sistema, mediante la evaluación del Portal por parte de proveedores y usuarios internos, así como el análisis a la documentación sobre novedades del sistema, arrojando como resultado que las principales problemáticas en el portal de proveedores se derivan de la falta de conocimiento en el manejo de la página web y la funcionalidad del sistema por ausencia de transacciones que permiten realizar operaciones en las cotizaciones.

  2. Synthesis and redox properties of fac-BrRe(CO)3[1,2-(PPh2)2-closo-1,2-C2B10H10]: The first structurally characterized rhenium carbonyl containing a carboranyl-based diphosphine ligand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chen-Hao; Nesterov, Vladimir N.; Richmond, Michael G.

    2018-03-01

    The diphosphine 1,2-(PPh2)2-closo-1,2-C2B10H10 reacts with BrRe(CO)5 and fac-BrRe(CO)3(THF)2 to give fac-BrRe(CO)3[1,2-(PPh2)2-closo-1,2-C2B10H10] (1) in high yields (>80%). Compound 1 is the first structurally characterized rhenium carbonyl that contains an ancillary carborane-based diphosphine ligand. 1 has been characterized in solution by IR and NMR spectroscopies (1H and 31P), and the solid-state structure has been determined by X-ray diffraction analysis. The electrochemical properties of 1 have been investigated by cyclic voltammetry, and the composition of the DFT-computed HOMO and LUMO levels are discussed relative to the electrochemical data. The thermodynamics for the formation of 1 from the rhenium precursors BrRe(CO)5 and fac-BrRe(CO)3(THF)2 have been evaluated by DFT calculations.

  3. Examen de auditoría integral al área de proceso de soporte y mantenimiento de soporte y mantenimiento del sistema VisualFAC a los usuarios de la empresa Tovacompu Informática Cía. Ltda., correspondiente al periodo de julio 2011 a junio de 2012 de la ciudad de Loja

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Silva, Hugo Jose

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de investigación radica realizar un examen de auditoría integral al área de procesos, soporte y mantenimiento del sistema VisualFAC a los usuarios de la empresa Tovacompu, para proporcionar una visión integral de sus operaciones financieras, cumplimiento, control interno y gestión. Se ha venido definiendo conceptos de auditoría integral, pero en esta investigación se busca a dar a conocer y cumplir ya de manera operativa y física, comprobando de esta manera la realidad que tiene...

  4. Interview with the Hon. Ken Wyatt: improving Indigenous health outcomes from a political viewpoint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ken Wyatt

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available In 2017, Australia celebrates 50 years since the 1967 referendum, when more than 90% of Australians voted to amend the constitution to allow the national government to create laws for Indigenous people and include them in the census. We spoke with the Honourable Ken Wyatt, the Minister for Indigenous Health and the Minister for Aged Care, about what has occurred over the past 50 years in Indigenous health from a political perspective, and what we have learnt to improve health outcomes in the future.

  5. Characterisation of recombinant pyranose oxidase from the cultivated mycorrhizal basidiomycete Lyophyllum shimeji (hon-shimeji

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamabhai Montarop

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The flavin-dependent enzyme pyranose 2-oxidase (P2Ox has gained increased attention during the last years because of a number of attractive applications for this enzyme. P2Ox is a unique biocatalyst with high potential for biotransformations of carbohydrates and in synthetic carbohydrate chemistry. Recently, it was shown that P2Ox is useful as bioelement in biofuel cells, replacing glucose oxidase (GOx, which traditionally is used in these applications. P2Ox offers several advantages over GOx for this application, e.g., its much broader substrate specificity. Because of this renewed interest in P2Ox, knowledge on novel pyranose oxidases isolated from organisms other than white-rot fungi, which represent the traditional source of this enzyme, is of importance, as these novel enzymes might differ in their biochemical and physical properties. Results We isolated and over-expressed the p2ox gene encoding P2Ox from the ectomycorrhizal fungus Lyophyllum shimeji. The p2ox cDNA was inserted into the bacterial expression vector pET21a(+ and successfully expressed in E. coli Rosetta 2. We obtained active, flavinylated recombinant P2Ox in yields of approximately 130 mg per L of medium. The enzyme was purified by a two-step procedure based on anion exchange chromatography and preparative native PAGE, yielding an apparently homogenous enzyme preparation with a specific activity of 1.92 U/mg (using glucose and air oxygen as the substrates. Recombinant P2Ox from L. shimeji was characterized in some detail with respect to its physical and catalytic properties, and compared to the well-characterised enzymes from Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Trametes multicolor. Conclusion L. shimeji P2Ox shows properties that are comparable to those of P2Ox from white-rot fungal origin, and is in general characterised by lower Km and kcat values both for electron donor (sugar as well as electron acceptor (ferrocenium ion, 1,4-benzoquinone, 2,6-dichloroindophenol. While L. shimeji P2Ox is the least thermostable of these three enzymes (melting temperature Tm of 54.9°C; half-life time of activity τ1/2 of 0.12 at 50°C and pH 6.5, P. chrysosporium P2Ox showed remarkable thermostability with Tm of 75.4°C and τ1/2 of 96 h under identical conditions.

  6. Students' first year experience of a BSc (Hons) in nursing: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gale, Julia; Ooms, Ann; Newcombe, Paul; Marks-Maran, Di

    2015-01-01

    All new nurses in England from 2013 will be educated at the point of registration to the degree level. A study was undertaken into the first-year experience of one cohort on the new degree programme at one university. The aim of the study was to evaluate nursing students' experience during the first year of the degree programme in terms of their engagement with the programme, its impact and value and their overall satisfaction. A mixed method qualitative and quantitative survey design was used. One cohort of students at one university in south west London was studied. In total 96 out of 256 students completed the online survey questionnaire (response rate=37.5%). Data were collected through an online questionnaire survey comprising Likert-style, demographic and open-ended questions. Data were analysed using SPSS version 19 and through the framework method. Students' responses were largely positive. Areas of concern expressed included assessment timings and juggling personal/family commitments with academic workload. Although some experienced a degree of stress in year 1 the majority indicated that stress was not a problem; some experienced little or no stress at all. Students were positive about the quality of teaching, support received, and their relationships with academic staff. Satisfaction with year 1 was high. A small percentage considered leaving during year 1. Factors that made them stay included personal motivation to succeed, family support and help from academic staff and mentors. Overall attrition rate is low. As nursing in England moves to an all-graduate profession at the point of registration it is timely to evaluate issues like attrition, the students' engagement with their academic and practice experience, the impact on them of their assignments/assessments, stressors, their perceptions of quality, what makes them stay and their overall satisfaction. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. O positivismo e o liberalismo como base doutrinária das facções políticas gaúchas na revolução federalista de 1893-1895 e entre maragatos e chimangos de 1923

    OpenAIRE

    Ledir de Paula Pereira

    2006-01-01

    Esta dissertação analisa a presença do liberalismo e do positivismo como base doutrinária das facções políticas gaúchas na Revolução Federalista de 1893-1895 e entre Maragatos e Chimangos de 1923. Para isso, parte do princípio de que a luta política ocorrida no Rio Grande do Sul durante a República Velha estava fortemente embasada na doutrina liberal e positivista, causa de intensa militância política no período que antecedeu e durante a Primeira República no Estado. É analisado o liberalismo...

  8. New insights into the chemistry of fac-[Ru(CO)₃]²⁺ fragments in biologically relevant conditions: the CO releasing activity of [Ru(CO)₃Cl₂(1,3-thiazole)], and the X-ray crystal structure of its adduct with lysozyme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, M F A; Seixas, J D; Coelho, A C; Mukhopadhyay, A; Reis, P M; Romão, M J; Romão, C C; Santos-Silva, T

    2012-12-01

    Complexes of the general formula fac-[Ru(CO)(3)L(3)](2+), namely CORM-2 and CORM-3, have been successfully used as experimental CO releasing molecules (CO-RMs) but their mechanism of action and delivery of CO remain unclear. The well characterized complex [Ru(CO)(3)Cl(2)(1,3-thiazole)] (1) is now studied as a potential model CO-RM of the same family of complexes using LC-MS, FTIR, and UV-vis spectroscopy, together with X-ray crystallography. The chemistry of [Ru(CO)(3)Cl(2)(1,3-thiazole)] is very similar to that of CORM-3: it only releases residual amounts of CO to the headspace of a solution in PBS7.4 and produces marginal increase of COHb after long incubation in whole blood. 1 also reacts with lysozyme to form Ru adducts. The crystallographic model of the lysozyme-Ru adducts shows only mono-carbonyl Ru species. [Ru(H(2)O)(4)(CO)] is found covalently bound to a histidine (His15) and to two aspartates (Asp18 and Asp119) at the protein surface. The CO release silence of both 1 and CORM-3 and their rapid formation of protein-Ru(CO)(x)(H(2)O)(y) (x=1,2) adducts, support our hypothesis that fac-[Ru(CO)(3)L(3)] CO-RMs deliver CO in vivo through the decay of their adducts with plasma proteins. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Crystal structures of tris-[1-oxo-pyridine-2-olato(1-)]silicon(IV) chloride chloro-form-d 1 disolvate, tris-[1-oxo-pyridine-2-olato(1-)]silicon(IV) chloride aceto-nitrile unqu-anti-fied solvate, and fac-tris-[1-oxo-pyridine-2-thiol-ato(1-)]silicon(IV) chloride chloro-form-d 1 disolvate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraft, Bradley M; Brennessel, William W; Ryan, Amy E; Benjamin, Candace K

    2015-12-01

    The cations in the title salts, [Si(OPO)3]Cl·2CDCl3, (I), [Si(OPO)3]Cl·xCH3CN, (II), and fac-[Si(OPTO)3]Cl·2CDCl3, (III) (OPO = 1-oxo-2-pyridin-one, C5H4NO2, and OPTO = 1-oxo-2-pyridine-thione, C5H4NOS), have distorted octa-hedral coordination spheres. The first two structures contain the same cation and anion, but different solvents of crystallization led to different solvates and packing arrangements. In structures (I) and (III), the silicon complex cations and chloride anions are well separated, while in (II), there are two C-H⋯Cl distances that fall just within the sum of the van der Waals radii of the C and Cl atoms. The pyridine portions of the OPO ligands in (I) and (II) are modeled as disordered with the planar flips of themselves [(I): 0.574 (15):0.426 (15), 0.696 (15):0.304 (15), and 0.621 (15):0.379 (15); (II): 0.555 (13):0.445 (13), 0.604 (14):0.396 (14) and 0.611 (13):0.389 (13)], demonstrating that both fac and mer isomers are co-crystallized. In (II), highly disordered solvent, located in two independent channels along [100], was unable to be modeled. Reflection contributions from this solvent were fixed and added to the calculated structure factors using the SQUEEZE [Spek (2015 ▸). Acta Cryst. C71, 9-18] function of program PLATON, which determined there to be 54 electrons in 225 Å(3) accounted for per unit cell (25 electrons in 109 Å(3) in one channel, and 29 electrons in 115 Å(3) in the other). In (I) and (II), all species lie on general positions. In (III), all species are located along crystallographic threefold axes.

  10. Scan Rate Dependent Spin Crossover Iron(II) Complex with Two Different Relaxations and Thermal Hysteresis fac-[Fe(II)(HL(n-Pr))3]Cl·PF6 (HL(n-Pr) = 2-Methylimidazol-4-yl-methylideneamino-n-propyl).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujinami, Takeshi; Nishi, Koshiro; Hamada, Daisuke; Murakami, Keishiro; Matsumoto, Naohide; Iijima, Seiichiro; Kojima, Masaaki; Sunatsuki, Yukinari

    2015-08-03

    Solvent-free spin crossover Fe(II) complex fac-[Fe(II)(HL(n-Pr))3]Cl·PF6 was prepared, where HL(n-Pr) denotes 2-methylimidazol-4-yl-methylideneamino-n-propyl. The magnetic susceptibility measurements at scan rate of 0.5 K min(-1) showed two successive spin transition processes consisting of the first spin transition T1 centered at 122 K (T1↑ = 127.1 K, T1↓ = 115.8 K) and the second spin transition T2 centered at ca. 105 K (T2↑ = 115.8 K, T2↓ = 97.2 K). The magnetic susceptibility measurements at the scan rate of 2.0, 1.0, 0.5, 0.25, and 0.1 K min(-1) showed two scan speed dependent spin transitions, while the Mössbauer spectra detected only the first spin transition T1. The crystal structures were determined at 160, 143, 120, 110, 95 K in the cooling mode, and 110, 120, and 130 K in the warming mode so as to follow the spin transition process of high-spin HS → HS(T1) → HS(T2) → low-spin LS → LS(T2) → LS(T1) → HS. The crystal structures at all temperatures have a triclinic space group P1̅ with Z = 2. The complex-cation has an octahedral N6 coordination geometry with three bidentate ligands and assume a facial-isomer with Δ- and Λ-enantimorphs. Three imidazole groups of fac-[Fe(II)(HL(n-Pr))3](2+) are hydrogen-bonded to three Cl(-) ions. The 3:3 NH(imidazole)···Cl(-) hydrogen-bonds form a stepwise ladder assembly structure, which is maintained during the spin transition process. The spin transition process is related to the structural changes of the FeN6 coordination environment, the order-disorder of PF6(-) anion, and the conformation change of n-propyl groups. The Fe-N bond distance in the HS state is longer by 0.2 Å than that in the LS state. Disorder of PF6(-) anion is not observed in the LS state but in the HS state. The conformational changes of n-propyl groups are found in the spin transition processes except for HS → HS(T1) → HS(T2).

  11. Excited state dependent electron transfer of a rhenium-dipyridophenazine complex intercalated between the base pairs of DNA: a time-resolved UV-visible and IR absorption investigation into the photophysics of fac-[Re(CO)3(F2dppz)(py)]+ bound to either [poly(dA-dT)]2 or [poly(dG-dC)]2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Qian; Creely, Caitriona M; Davies, E Stephen; Dyer, Joanne; Easun, Timothy L; Grills, David C; McGovern, David A; McMaster, Jonathan; Pitchford, Jonathan; Smith, Jayden A; Sun, Xue-Zhong; Kelly, John M; George, Michael W

    2011-08-01

    The transient species formed following excitation of fac-[Re(CO)(3)(F(2)dppz)(py)](+) (F(2)dppz = 11,12-difluorodipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine) bound to double-stranded polynucleotides [poly(dA-dT)](2) or [poly(dG-dC)](2) have been studied by transient visible and infra-red spectroscopy in both the picosecond and nanosecond time domains. The latter technique has been used to monitor both the metal complex and the DNA by monitoring the regions 1900-2100 and 1500-1750 cm(-1) respectively. These data provide direct evidence for electron transfer from guanine to the excited state of the metal complex, which proceeds both on a sub-picosecond time scale and with a lifetime of 35 ps, possibly due to the involvement of two excited states. No electron transfer is found for the [poly(dA-dT)](2) complex, although characteristic changes are seen in the DNA-region TRIR consistent with changes in the binding of the bases in the intercalation site upon excitation of the dppz-complex. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry and Owner Societies 2011

  12. Cenários de fé e de festa: levantamento patrimonial das práticas festivo-devocionais na área de abrangência da Usina Serra do Facão- Goiás/Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cairo Mohamad Ibrahim Katrib

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A presente reflexão é fruto da pesquisa de levantamento do patrimônio histórico-cultural dos municípios afetados pela construção da hidrelétrica Serra do Facão, no rio São Marcos, que corta os estados de Goiás e Minas Gerais. A mesma foi realizada entre os anos de 2008 a 2010 por equipe multidisciplinar de pesquisadores da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia. As atividades desenvolvidas visaram recompor por meio da oralidade e da memória as histórias dos moradores e do lugar, uma vez que entendemos ser essas narrativas de significativo valor cultural, marca do Patrimônio Histórico dos grupos sociais que vivem na região. A pesquisa resultou numa coletânea de artigos sobre os fazeres, saberes e práticas locais, um vídeo documentário e relatórios técnico-científicos. A construção da Usina Hidrelétrica (UHE Serra do Facão foi finalizada no início de 2011 atingindo os municípios de Catalão, Campo Alegre de Goiás, Davinópolis, Cristalina e Ipameri no estado de Goiás e Paracatu em Minas Gerais, cuja área de inundação é de aproximadamente 218,84 km². Ao realizarmos o Levantamento de Patrimônio Histórico-Cultural, fomos estabelecendo uma teia de informações que nos permitiram mapear grande parte das práticas, saberes e fazeres dessas comunidades, já que o universo da pesquisa abrangia 420 famílias no raio de impacto da barragem, além da população urbana dos municípios. O foco dessa reflexão é apresentar um quadro síntese que resume bem a relação que a população pesquisada estabelece com sua religiosidade, evidenciada na forma de festejos e louvações característicos do lugar. É inegável que o festar e o rezar nos caminhos do rio São Marcos reforça a ligação dos moradores com o lugar, revigora os vínculos com a vizinhança, estreita os laços de sociabilidade entre os moradores, fazendo com que, coletivamente, recuperem a sua identidade cultural mesmo frente ao processo de incertezas que

  13. Selection of viable cell subpopulations from murine tumours using FACS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chaplin, D.J.; Durand, R.E.; Olive, P.L.

    1985-01-01

    The authors developed a technique which enables isolation of viable tumour cells subpopulation as a function of their distance from the blood supply. The basis for this separation procedure is that the fluorochrome, Hoechst 33342, as a result of its high avidity for cellular DNA, exhibits a marked diffusion/consumption gradient when it has to pass through several cell layers. As a result intravenous injection of Hoechst 33342 into tumour bearing animals, results in a heterogeneous straining pattern within the tumour with cells close to blood vessels being brightly fluorescent while those more distant are less intensely stained. Since these differences in staining intensity persist after tumour disaggregation, cells can be sorted into subpopulations on the basis of their fluorescence intensity using a fluorescence activated cell sorter. This technique offers the unique possibility of identifying the location of those cell subpopulations resistant to treatment with either radiation or chemotherapeutic drugs

  14. Faxing Structures to the Moon: Freeform Additive Construction System (FACS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, A. Scott; Wilcox, Brian; McQuin, Christopher; Townsend, Julie; Rieber, Richard; Barmatz, Martin; Leichty, John

    2013-01-01

    Using the highly articulated All-Terrain Hex-Limbed Extra-Terrestrial Explorer (ATHLETE) robotic mobility system as a precision positioning tool, a variety of print head technologies can be used to 3D print large-scale in-situ structures on planetary surfaces such as the moon or Mars. In effect, in the same way CAD models can be printed in a 3D printer, large-scale structures such as walls, vaults, domes, berms, paving, trench walls, and other insitu derived elements can be FAXed to the planetary surface and built in advance of the arrival of crews, supplementing equipment and materials brought from earth. This paper discusses the ATHLETE system as a mobility / positioning platform, and presents several options for large-scale additive print head technologies, including tunable microwave "sinterator" approaches and in-situ concrete deposition. The paper also discusses potential applications, such as sintered-in-place habitat shells, radiation shielding, road paving, modular bricks, and prefabricated construction components.

  15. Ion acoustic instability of HPT particles, FAC density, anomalous ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ∥ ;∥ and . Hence HPT electrons are heated and accelerated due to power dissipation during magnetically active periods in the auroral region. Concerning, applications, such HPT electrons can be used in particle accelerators like electron ...

  16. Ion acoustic instability of HPT particles, FAC density, anomalous ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    The current driven resistivity produces parallel electric field and high power dissipation. The anomalous resistivity η, potential difference along the auroral field lines. V||, intensity of electric field turbulence E|| and power produced per unit volume P are computed. It is found that the change in westward magnetic perturbation ...

  17. A New Species of Cleisostoma (Orchidaceae) from the Hon Ba Nature Reserve in Vietnam: A Multidisciplinary Assessment

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ponert, J.; Trávníček, Pavel; Vuong, T. B.; Rybková, R.; Suda, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 11, č. 3 (2016), s. 1-23, č. článku e0150631. E-ISSN 1932-6203 Institutional support: RVO:67985939 Keywords : nectar sugar composition * molecular phylogenetics * aeridinae orchidaceae Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 2.806, year: 2016

  18. Professor Barrie Vernon-Roberts, AO, MD, BSc, PhD, FRCPath, FRCPA, FAOrthA (Hon), FRS.SA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rainsford, K D; Haynes, D R

    2013-08-01

    This issue of Inflammopharmacology contains papers that have been submitted to commemorate the life and work of Professor Barrie Vernon-Roberts, an outstanding clinical scientist in the field of bone pathology and its pharmacological regulation. This review briefly summarizes his major works and achievements as well as a list of his publications.

  19. An investigation of the relationship between ethnicity and success in a BSc (Hons) Physiotherapy degree programme in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Annabel; Norris, Meriel; Cassidy, Elizabeth; Naylor, Sandra; Marston, Louise; Shiers, Pam

    2015-06-01

    To explore the potential relationship between ethnicity and achievement within undergraduate physiotherapy education. A retrospective analysis of assessment marks awarded for academic and clinical modules. A London University offering undergraduate physiotherapy education. Four hundred forty-eight undergraduate students enrolled onto the Physiotherapy honours degree programme between 2005 and 2009. Marks awarded following academic or clinical assessment. These were modelled through multivariable regression analysis to evaluate the relationship between marks awarded and ethnicity. Differences were noted between ethnic categories in final programme success and across academic and clinical modules. Our multivariable analysis demonstrated students from Asian backgrounds had decreased odds of succeeding compared with white British students (adjusted OR 0.43 95%CI 0.24, 0.79 P=0.006), as had Black students (adjusted OR 0.42 95%CI 0.19, 0.95 P=0.036) and students from Other ethnic backgrounds (adjusted OR 0.41 95%CI 0.20, 0.87 P=0.020). This analysis of undergraduate physiotherapy students illustrated a persistent difference in attainment between students from white British and those from BME backgrounds. Heterogeneity in academic outcomes both within and between minority ethnic groups was illustrated. This study not only reinforces the need to consider ethnicity within physiotherapy education but also raises further questions about why physiotherapy students from BME groups perform less well than their white British peers. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  20. Rational design, synthesis, and pharmacological properties of new 1,8-naphthyridin-2(1H)-on-3-carboxamide derivatives as highly selective cannabinoid-2 receptor agonists

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manera, Clementina; Saccomanni, Giuseppe; Adinolfi, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    revealed that compound 12, which presented benzyl and carboxy-4-methylcyclohexylamide substituents bound in the 1 and 3 positions, exerted a CB(2)-mediated inhibitory action on immunological human basophil activation. On the human T cell leukemia line Jurkat the same derivative induced a concentration...

  1. Numerical integration method applied to the study of atomic hydrogen in a-Si: (H,O,N) and natural beryl decay kinetics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Furtado, W.; Isotani, S.; Antonini, R.; Blak, A.R.; Pontuschka, W.M.

    1988-03-01

    A method of data processing was developed and applied to the study of decay kinetics of interstitial atomic hydrogen (H 0 i ) 1 in X-irradiated a-Si:(H,O,N) 2 and natural beryl. A system of differential kinetic equations was constructed considering multiple possible reactions. the solutions were evaluated by Runge-Kutta's method of numerical integration. It was assumed that the H 0 i was produced by radiolytic irradiation of R-H type molecules and trapped at interstitial sites of both materials. The heating releases the H 0 which quickly is either retrapped, recombined with R-radical left in the matrix or combined with other H 0 atoms forming H 2 molecules. The parameters related to untrapping and recombination processes were found to obey Arrhenius law. On the other hand, the retrapping and H- 2 formation parameters were fit to a function proportional to T 1/2 - T 1/2 o , where at T 0 they vanish. (author) [pt

  2. Detekce polymorfismu v genu MDR1 u ovčáckých a honáckých psů

    OpenAIRE

    Staroveská, Marieta

    2016-01-01

    This thesis is focused on polymorphism of MDR1 gene and related drug resistance. Resistance is caused by deletion of four nucleotids, that resulting in a frame shift and synthesis of nonfunctional transport of P-glycoprotein. The text describes a polymorphism of MDR1 (ABCB1) gene, which results in reduced resistance to drugs belonging to the group of macrocyclic lactones. It also describes inheritance of this phenomenon and it deals with the detection of mutation using PCR (polymerase chain r...

  3. Guillem Fabre, “Pus dels majors” (BdT 216.2; Id., “Hon mais vey, pus truep sordeyor” (BdT 216.1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Paterson

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The historical circumstances of Guillem Fabre’s two surviving sirventes has given rise to widely divergent views. This essay builds on Parducci’s contextualisation of BdT 216.2 during the War of the Sicilian Vespers and the so-called Aragonese crusade by the French against Pere III of Aragon in 1284-1285. It argues that Guillem is likely to be referring to events say entre nos because Narbonne was the focal point of the gathering French army and preaching of the crusade. All other textual details are compatible with this period and best explained by this context. But while Parducci places the sirventes in May 1285, it must in fact have preceded the death of Martin IV on 29 March, since his speedily-appointed successor Honorius IV could not be blamed for not having preached a crusade against the heathen before the conflict degenerated into further atrocities. Furthermore a slightly earlier timing better explains the allusion to “the best-known man in the world”, the obvious candidate at this time being Charles of Anjou. Guillem probably composed BdT 216.2 during the build-up to war in 1284, before the death of Charles in January 1285, during the period of war preparations and propaganda speeches. It is also argued here that, pace Parducci, BdT 216.1 did not necessarily precede BdT 216.2.

  4. Work-based learning for the creative industries: a case study of the development of BA (Hons) web design and social media

    OpenAIRE

    Riley, Tim

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the knowledge and insight gained building a work-based learning (WBL) Degree Apprenticeship developed through the HEFCE Catalyst Fund. Requirements of the funding stipulated that, in addition to work WBL provision, the course should be offered as a two-year fast-track. This was required to help reduce the increased financial burden placed on students, which arose from the substantial rise in HE tuition fees sanctioned by the UK coalition gove...

  5. Arrangement of Rh3+ ions in fac-triamminetrichloridorhodium from powder data and in fac-triamminetrinitratorhodium crystals twinned by merohedry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasiliev, Alexander D; Molokeev, Maxim S; Baidina, Iraida A; Belyaev, Anatoly V; Vorob'eva, Sofiya N

    2013-12-15

    The rhodium complexes [RhCl3(NH3)3], (I), and [Rh(NO3)3(NH3)3], (II), are built from octahedral RhX3(NH3)3 units; in (I) they are isolated units, while in (II) the units are stacked in columns with partially filled sites for the Rh atoms. The octahedra of monoclinic crystals of (I) are linked by N-H···Cl hydrogen bonds and the Rh(3+) ions are located on the mirror planes. In the trigonal crystals of (II), the discontinuous `columns' along the threefold axis are linked by N-H···O hydrogen bonds. The structure of (I) has been solved using laboratory powder diffraction data, the structure of (II) has been solved by single-crystal methods using data from a merohedrally twinned sample. Both compounds possess low solubility in water.

  6. Framework for Analytic Cognition (FAC): A Guide for Doing All-Source Intelligence Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    situation. SWOT analysis helps strategists focus on the key issues that they must address in order to enhance an organization’s success. It is...within the event sequence.” 129 Sharma, A. " SWOT Analysis " in The Analyst’s Cookbook. Volume I...Structured Analytic Techniques for Improving Intelligence Analysis , 2009. Abelson, R.P. "Beliefs are Like Possessions," Journal for the Theory of

  7. Genome editing using FACS enrichment of nuclease-expressing cells and indel detection by amplicon analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lonowski, Lindsey A; Narimatsu, Yoshiki; Riaz, Anjum

    2017-01-01

    ). First, Indel Detection by Amplicon Analysis (IDAA) determines the size and frequency of insertions and deletions elicited by nucleases in cells, tissues or embryos through analysis of fluorophore-labeled PCR amplicons covering the nuclease target site by capillary electrophoresis in a sequenator. Second...... the testing of new nuclease reagents and the generation of edited cell pools or clonal cell lines, reducing the number of clones that need to be generated and increasing the ease with which they are screened. The pipeline shortens the time line, but it most prominently reduces the workload of cell...

  8. MAC/FAC: A Model of Similarity-Based Retrieval. Technical Report #59.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbus, Kenneth D.; And Others

    A model of similarity-based retrieval is presented that attempts to capture these seemingly contradictory psychological phenomena: (1) structural commonalities are weighed more heavily than surface commonalities in soundness or similarity judgments (when both members are present); (2) superficial similarity is more important in retrieval from…

  9. STS-37 Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) at KSC Payload Hazardous Servicing Fac

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    At the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility, the overhead crane lifts the Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) from its storage container. GRO, one of four NASA Great Observatories, arrived at KSC on 02-06-90 from the California plant of builder TRW. Weighing a massive 34,700 pounds, GRO will be the heaviest payload without an upper stage ever carried aboard the Space Shuttle. It is scheduled for deployment from Atlantis, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 104, during STS-37.

  10. Pattern formation in single-phase FAC. A stability analysis of an oxide layer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zinemanas, Daniel [The Israel Electric Corp., Haifa (Israel). Dept. of Chemistry; Herszage, Amiel [The Israel Electric Corp., Haifa (Israel). Dept. of Energy Technologies Development

    2013-03-15

    Pattern formation is a salient characteristic of the flow-accelerated corrosion process, particularly in single-phase flow, where a typical ''orange peel'' surface texture is normally formed. The process of such pattern formation is, however, not well understood. In order to gain some insight into the role of the various processes and parameters involved in this process, a linear stability analysis of an oxide layer based on the Sanchez-Caldera model was performed. According to the results obtained in this study, it follows that the oxide layer is stable regarding perturbations of the oxide thickness or the reaction constant, but it is unstable in respect to perturbations of the mass transfer coefficient. These results suggest therefore that the flow, and not local surface in homogeneities, plays a central role in the pattern formation process. (orig.)

  11. 48 CFR 301.607-71 - FAC-P/PM levels and requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., in: (i) Acquisition; (ii) Project management; (iii) leadership and interpersonal skills; (iv...-building, and writing. (4) Technical Competencies: Includes contracting, financial management, quality assurance, and risk management. (5) Essential Competencies and Proficiencies: Includes management processes...

  12. Comparison of the activities of wild type and mutant enhancing fac ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Enhancing factor (EF) protein, an isoform of secretory phospholipase A2 (PLA2), was purified as a modulator of epidermal growth factor from the small intestine of the Balb/c mouse. It was for the first time that a growth modulatory property of sPLA2 was demonstrated. Deletion mutation analysis of EF cDNA carried out in our ...

  13. Triclinic form of bis{di-μ-hydroxidobis[fac-aquatribromidotin(IV]} heptahydrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James L. Wardell

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The asymmetric unit of the title hydrate, 2[Sn(H2O2(OH2Br6]·7H2O, comprises two [Br3(H2OSn(μ-OH2SnBr3(OH2] units, but three independent molecules as two of these are disposed about inversion centres, and seven water molecules. In common with the monoclinic polymorph [Howie et al. (2005. Inorg. Chim. Acta, 358, 3283–3286], each of the dinuclear species features a central Sn2O2 core, distorted octahedral Sn atom geometries defined by a Br3O3 donor set, and an anti-disposition of the coordinated water molecules. In the crystal, Oh—H...Ow, Oa—H...Ow, Ow—H...Ow, and Ow—H...Br (h = hydroxyl, a = aqua, w = water hydrogen-bonding interactions generate a three-dimensional network.

  14. Comparison of the activities of wild type and mutant enhancing fac ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Unknown

    dehyde. It was blotted onto a nitrocellulose membrane. (Hybond-C extra, Amersham) and probed with [32P]- labelled EF cDNA. One positive clone was selected from each of the three transfections (GE1, GE2 and wild type. EF) for extraction of recombinant protein. 2.5 Extraction of acid-soluble proteins from transfected cells.

  15. Re-casting the FAC Net: People, Platforms, and Policy in Forward Air Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    conflicts because the enemy moves and camouflages targets to prevent identification. For example, a green tank in a tree line is almost impossible for a...The Secret Origins of the Drone Revolution (New York, NY: Henry Holt and Co., 2014), 165–175. 70 Cullen, “The MQ-9 Reaper Remotely Piloted Aircraft...Richard. Predator: The Secret Origins of the Drone Revolution. New York, NY: Henry Holt and Co., 2014. 106 i Briefings / Memorandums / Speeches

  16. Development of movie caption translation lecture site using MobileMotion{sub TM}; MobileMotion{sub TM} wo mochiita jimaku hon'yaku koza site no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The site of Internet that performs the correspondence education for bringing up a movie caption translator was developed. Correspondence education that fully deepens understanding was obtained by distributing a motion picture using MPEG-4 distribution software (MobileMotion{sub TM}) and performing the learning based on bi-directional communication. HTML distribution and E-mail transmission and reception are done from Gaga Communications, and a MobileMotion{sub TM} file is distributed from the OnDemand Server of Toshiba. This reduces the communication traffic of heavy motion picture data. (translated by NEDO)

  17. Propuesta de programa educativo en la FAC orientado a la seguridad aérea e industrial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Mauricio Hincapié Álvarez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El Estado y directamente la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana invierten recursos para la formación, instrucción y entrenamiento del personal perteneciente a la Fuerza para el cumplimiento de su misión en las diferentes áreas de participación.

  18. The Fanconi anemia proteins FAA and FAC function in different cellular compartments to protect against cross-linking agent cytotoxicity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruyt, FAE; Youssoufian, H

    1998-01-01

    Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by chromosomal instability, bone marrow failure, and a high risk of developing malignancies, Although the disorder is genetically heterogeneous, all FA cells are defined by their sensitivity to the apoptosis-inducing effect of

  19. Expression of the Fanconi anemia gene FAC in human cell lines : Lack of effect of oxygen tension

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joenje, H; Youssoufian, H; Kruyt, FAE; dosSantos, CC; Wevrick, R; Buchwald, M

    1995-01-01

    Fanconi anemia (FA) is a recessively inherited disease characterized by bone marrow failure, congenital anomalies, chromosomal instability and hypersensitivity to crosslinking agents. Some of the cellular defects of FA defect are known to be responsive to the ambient oxygen concentration. We

  20. Family and Community Studies (FACS) Fourth Interim Report, Phase I and Activities and Timelines for Phase II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinoza, Renato; And Others

    Discussed in this paper is a preliminary analysis of findings from data gathered during the first phase of a research project exploring the processes whereby the nature of the mother's occupation affects her family life, especially (1) her partnership in decisions about housework, child care and education and (2) the negotiation of the allocation…

  1. Involvement of the Fanconi's anemia protein FAC in a pathway that signals to the cyclin B/cdc2 kinase

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruyt, FAE; Dijkmans, LM; Arwert, F; Joenje, H

    1997-01-01

    Lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from patients with the chromosomal instability disorder Fauconi's anemia (FA) are hyperresponsive to G(2) delay and apoptosis induced by cross-linking agents such as mitomycin C (MMC), Here, we investiPated whether the protein defective in FA complementation group C

  2. Gerald J. Marks, M.D., FACS (1925-), founder of the Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeo, Theresa P; Cowan, Scott W; Yeo, Charles J

    2018-03-01

    This historical vignette describes the professional career of Gerald J. Marks, the founder of the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons and the International Federation of Societies of Endoscopic Surgeons. Dr. Marks is also the founding Associate Editor of Surgical Endoscopy, which celebrated its 30th anniversary in 2017. Dr. Marks is a renowned colorectal surgeon, an accomplished watercolor artist, and a fascinating personality.

  3. FACS-based single-cell PCR data - Plabrain DB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available data DOI 10.18908/lsdba.nbdc01108-001 Description of data contents Gene expression patterns at the single-n...expressed in the nervous system, the patterns of + indicate that these genes have different expression patte

  4. A FACS Based Case Study on Two HbE-β Thalassaemia Members of a Family, Having Similar Mutational Background

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tridip Chatterjee

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this report we have tried to explain the reasons behind the difference in the pattern of transfusion requirement between two members of a family with similar β-globin mutation. The father and younger son both are HbE-β, but the father never had transfusion, whereas the younger son takes transfusion monthly. Mother and the elder son are HbEE without any history of transfusion. β-globin mutations of all family members were determined by ARMS-PCR. These were reconfirmed by direct sequencing of β-globin gene. Father and younger son were found to be Cod 26 (G-A/IVS 1-5 (G-C, whereas mother and elder son were found to be Cod 26 (G-A/Cod 26 (G-A. XmnI sequencing also revealed that all members of the family were CC. Then, flow cytometry study of red blood cells (RBCs was performed to measure the oxidative stress of the RBCs. This study was also done on the light and dense fractions of the RBC population of the father and younger son. It was seen that the younger son suffers severe oxidative stress, which can be explained by his higher transfusion requirement. From our work, we have established the importance of taking oxidative stress of RBCs into consideration to explain the clinical manifestation and progression of haemoglobin related diseases like thalassaemia.

  5. Applicability of the “Gallet equation” to the vegetation clearances of NERC Reliability Standard FAC-003-2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirkham, Harold

    2012-03-31

    NERC has proposed a standard to use to specify clearances between vegetation and power lines. The purpose of the rule is to reduce the probability of flashover to a calculably low level. This report was commissioned by FERC’s Office of Electrical Reliability. The scope of the study was analysis of the mathematics and documentation of the technical justification behind the application of the Gallet equation and the assumptions used in the technical reference paper

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Forensic Psychology Programme, Edith CcrHons), LLB, MA (Oin Psycho!}, PhD. M M Allan, BA (Hons}, MA (Psycho!}, D Phil. Department of Psychintry, University of Stellmbosch, Tygerberg, W Cape. MCRoberts, MB ChB, BSc (Hons) (Epidemiol), OOM. W P Pienaar.

  7. Negroes of a southern African absence stature In evidence on the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1990-07-21

    Jul 21, 1990 ... Department of Anatomy and Human Biology and Palaeo- anthropology Research Unit, University of the Witwaters- rand,1ohannesburg. P. V. TOBIAS, M.B. B.CH., PH.D., D.Se., HON. Se.D. (CANTAB.), HON. D.Se. (NATAL, U. WEST ONTARIO, ALBERTA, CAPE TOWN, GUELPH), HON. F.R.S.. S.M., FOR.

  8. Putting the Teaching of American History and Civics Back in the Classroom. Hearing of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, United States Senate. One Hundred Eighth Congress, First Session on Examining S. 504, To Establish Academies for Teachers and Students of American History and Civics and a National Alliance of Teachers of American History and Civics (April 10, 2003).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.

    Statements by the following individuals were given at this hearing and are presented in this document: Hon. Lamar Alexander; David McCullough; Hon. Robert Byrd; Bruce Cole; Eugene W. Hickok; James H. Billington; Diane Ravitch; Hon. Christopher J. Dodd; and Russell Berg accompanied by Peter Sullivan and Blanche Deaderick. Additional material…

  9. Follow-on to a report on the Applicability of the “Gallet equation” to the vegetation clearances of NERC Reliability Standard FAC-003-2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirkham, Harold

    2012-08-31

    In earlier work, a study done at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory examined a NERC proposed standard specifying clearances between vegetation and power lines. The method proposed for calculating the clearances was based on the results of testing for high-voltage line designs. An equation developed to relate the results of testing with rod-plane gaps to proposed tower window sizes was incorporated into the calculations. The equation in question, sometimes called the “Gallet equation,” describes the insulation performance of the atmosphere for air gaps of a few meters. The equation was described in the PNNL study as a good and simple-to-use way to solve a problem made difficult by the nonlinear interactions of the variables. For calculations based on this equation, a certain set of assumptions must be made. In particular, a value for a quantity called the “gap factor” is needed. This is the amount by which the gap to be modeled by the equation is stronger than the reference gap that was used in developing the Gallet equation. That reference gap is the gap between a rod and a plane. This follow-on report examines the effect on flashover probabilities of assuming an incorrect value for the gap factor. In particular, the flashover probability is found that would result from using a value of 1.3 when a gap factor of 1.0 should be applied. It is shown that with these assumptions the probability of a flashover changes from being extremely unlikely (about 1 in 1000 chance) to a virtual certainty (about 97% chance).

  10. Probing the mer- to fac-isomerization of tris-cyclometallated homo- and heteroleptic (C,N)3 Iridium(III) complexes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McDonald, A.R.; Lutz, M.; von Chrzanowski, L.S.; van Klink, G.P.M.; Spek, A.L.; van Koten, G.

    2008-01-01

    We have developed techniques which allow for covalent tethering, via a “hetero” cyclometallating ligand, of heteroleptic tris-cyclometallated iridium(III) complexes to polymeric supports (for application in light-emitting diode technologies). This involved the selective synthesis and thorough

  11. fac-Aceto-nitrile-tricarbon-yl(di-methyl-carbamodi-thio-ato-κ2S,S')rhenium(I): crystal structure and Hirshfeld surface analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Sang Loon; Lee, See Mun; Heard, Peter J; Halcovitch, Nathan R; Tiekink, Edward R T

    2017-02-01

    The title compound, [Re(C 3 H 6 NS 2 )(C 2 H 3 N)(CO) 3 ], features an octa-hedrally coordinated Re I atom within a C 3 NS 2 donor set defined by three carbonyl ligands in a facial arrangement, an aceto-nitrile N atom and two S atoms derived from a symmetrically coordinating di-thio-carbamate ligand. In the crystal, di-thio-carbamate-methyl-H⋯O(carbon-yl) inter-actions lead to supra-molecular chains along [36-1]; both di-thio-carbamate S atoms participate in intra-molecular methyl-H⋯S inter-actions. Further but weaker aceto-nitrile-C-H⋯O(carbonyl) inter-actions assemble mol-ecules in the ab plane. The nature of the supra-molecular assembly was also probed by a Hirshfeld surface analysis. Despite their weak nature, the C-H⋯O contacts are predominant on the Hirshfeld surface and, indeed, on those of related [Re(CO) 3 (C 3 H 6 NS 2 ) L ] structures.

  12. A theoretical study on the mechanistic highlights behind the Brønsted-acid dependent mer-fac isomerization of homoleptic carbenic iridium complexes for PhOLEDs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setzer, Tobias; Lennartz, Christian; Dreuw, Andreas

    2017-06-06

    Recently, a successful Brønsted-acid mediated geometric isomerization of the meridional homoleptic carbenic iridium(iii) complexes tris-(N-phenyl,N-methyl-benzimidazol-2-yl)iridium(iii) (1) and tris-(N-phenyl,N-benzyl-benzimidazol-2-yl)iridium(iii) (2) into their facial form has been reported. In the present work the pronounced acid-dependency of this particular isomerization procedure is revisited and additional mechanistic pathways are taken into account. Moreover, the acid-induced material decomposition is addressed. All calculations are carried out using density functional theory (DFT) while the environmental effects in solution are accounted for by the COSMO-RS model. The simulated results clearly reveal the outstanding importance of the complex interplay between acid strength, coordinating power of the corresponding base and the steric influence of the ligand system in contrast to the plain calculation of minimum energy pathways for selected complexes. Eventually, general rules to enhance the material-specific reaction yields are provided.

  13. Normal expression of the Fanconi anemia proteins FAA and FAC and sensitivity to mitomycin C in two patients with Seckel syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abou-Zahr, F; Bejjani, B; Kruyt, FAE; Kurg, R; Bacino, C; Shapira, SK; Youssoufian, H

    1999-01-01

    Seckel syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. The classical presentation includes pre- and postnatal growth deficiency, mental retardation, and characteristic facial appearance. There have been several reports of associated hematological abnormalities and chromosomal breakage, findings

  14. fac-[1,2-Bis(pyridin-4-ylethane-κN]tricarbonyl(1,10-phenanthroline-κ2N,N′rhenium(I hexafluoridophosphate acetonitrile monosolvate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Guilardi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Re(C12H8N2(C12H12N2(CO3]PF6.·CH3CN, contains one cation, one hexafluoridophosphate anion and one acetonitrile solvent molecule. The ReI ion is coordinated by two N atoms from the 1,10-phenanthroline ligand and one N atom from the 1,2-bis(pyridin-4-ylethane ligand [mean Re—N = 2.191 (15 Å] and by three carbonyl ligands [mean Re—C = 1.926 (3 Å] in a distorted octahedral geometry. The electrostatic forces and weak C—H...F(O hydrogen bonds pack cations and anions into the crystal with voids of 82 Å3, which are filled by solvent molecules. The crystal packing exhibits short intermolecular O...O distance of 2.795 (5 Å between two cations related by inversion.

  15. La planeación estratégica en las pymes colombianas: un aporte para empresas contratistas de la FAC

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Pérez Uribe

    2014-01-01

    Las micro, pequeñas y medianas empresas (Mipymes), cumplen un papel primordial en el desarrollo económico de los países y Colombia no es la excepción: ellas sirven como tejido auxiliar de las grandes empresas, quienes contratan este tipo de compañías para la prestación de servicios que de estar incluidos en la producción general de las mismas implicarían un aumento de coste. Una de las definiciones de la planeación estratégica está relacionada con la fijación de objetivos y formulación de pro...

  16. Generating a battery of monoclonal antibodies against native green fluorescent protein for immunostaining, FACS, IP, and ChIP using a unique adjuvant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, Philip; Daniels, Karla J; Park, Yang-Nim; Soll, David R

    2014-04-01

    Using a unique, nontoxic adjuvant compound of poly(I:C) and anti-CD40 MAb, a battery of eight mouse monoclonal antibodies was generated against native green fluorescent protein. All were effective to varying degrees for immunostaining paraformaldehyde-fixed cells, six for staining sections of paraffin-embedded tissue, all to varying degrees in fluorescent-activated cell sorting, five for immunoprecipitation, and seven for chromatin immunoprecipitation. None worked in denaturing Western blots since the target was the native GFP protein. Both the hybridomas and antibodies are available at cost through DSHB, a non-profit National Resource created by the National Institutes of Health.

  17. THE MEANING OF THE PREVENTION WITH SPEECH THERAPY AS A IMPORTANT FAC-TOR FOR THE PROPER DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHILDREN SPEECH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. FILIPOVA

    1999-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper presented some conscientious and results from the finished research which showing the meaning of the prevention with speech therapy in the development of the speech. The research was done at Negotino and with that are shown the most frequent speech deficiency of the children at preschool age.

  18. 3,6-Bis(2-pyrazinyl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazin: Ein neuer mehrfunktioneller Ligand und sein syn,fac-konfigurierter Bis(tricarbonylchlororhenium)-Komplex

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Sarkar, B.; Kaim, W.; Schleid, T.; Hartenbach, I.; Fiedler, Jan

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 629, - (2003), s. 1353-1357 ISSN 0044-2313 R&D Projects: GA MŠk OC D14.20; GA MŠk OC D15.10 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z4040901 Keywords : carbonyl ligands * heterocyclic ligands * rhenium Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 1.127, year: 2003

  19. A conexão presidencial: facções pró e antigoverno e disciplina partidária no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amorim Neto Octavio

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The article provides an explanation for the enormous variation in party discipline during the Brazilian democratic experience from 1946 to 1964. The argument is that party discipline is a function of the Presidents? strategies in forging coalitions in Congress. One of the main consequences of such strategies was the creation of two factions within parties, one for and the other against the President. The premise is that the size of each faction affects its level of discipline. According to an econometric analysis of 982 roll-call votes, crucial determinants of discipline in the larger parties were the amount of budget resources allocated to them by the President and the time remaining in the President?s term.

  20. Draft Title 40 CFR 191 compliance certification application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Volume 5: Appendices D and D, DEF, FAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-01-01

    This plan serves to describe the objectives of decommissioning for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), identifies the elements necessary to accomplish the decommissioning, and defines the steps to execute those elements in a safe and environmentally sound manner. The plan provides a strategy for progressing from the final actions of the Disposal Phase, through the Decontamination and Decommissioning Phase, and into the initiation of the Long-Term Monitoring Phase. This plan describes a sequence of events for decontamination of the WIPP facilities and structures used to manage and contain TRU and TRU mixed waste during the receipt and emplacement operations. Alternative methods of decontamination are provided where practical. The methods for packaging and disposal of the waste generated (derived waste) during this process are discussed. The best available technology at the time of this plan's development, may become outmoded by future technology and alternative strategies. If alternative technologies are identified the affected stakeholder(s), the Secretary of the Interior and the State will be consulted prior to implementation

  1. Draft Title 40 CFR 191 compliance certification application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Volume 5: Appendices D and D, DEF, FAC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-31

    This plan serves to describe the objectives of decommissioning for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), identifies the elements necessary to accomplish the decommissioning, and defines the steps to execute those elements in a safe and environmentally sound manner. The plan provides a strategy for progressing from the final actions of the Disposal Phase, through the Decontamination and Decommissioning Phase, and into the initiation of the Long-Term Monitoring Phase. This plan describes a sequence of events for decontamination of the WIPP facilities and structures used to manage and contain TRU and TRU mixed waste during the receipt and emplacement operations. Alternative methods of decontamination are provided where practical. The methods for packaging and disposal of the waste generated (derived waste) during this process are discussed. The best available technology at the time of this plan`s development, may become outmoded by future technology and alternative strategies. If alternative technologies are identified the affected stakeholder(s), the Secretary of the Interior and the State will be consulted prior to implementation.

  2. La planeación estratégica en las pymes colombianas: un aporte para empresas contratistas de la FAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pérez Uribe

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las micro, pequeñas y medianas empresas (Mipymes, cumplen un papel primordial en el desarrollo económico de los países y Colombia no es la excepción: ellas sirven como tejido auxiliar de las grandes empresas, quienes contratan este tipo de compañías para la prestación de servicios que de estar incluidos en la producción general de las mismas implicarían un aumento de coste. Una de las definiciones de la planeación estratégica está relacionada con la fijación de objetivos y formulación de procedimientos y métodos para alcanzarlos. Para ello debe fijarse un direccionamiento, el cual repercute de forma directa en la consecución de ventajas competitivas que le permitirán a la compañía la perpetuidad en el mercado. Es así como, la dirección estratégica se consolida como pilar fundamental de este tipo de organizaciones, las cuales soportan en su gran mayoría la economía colombiana. El objetivo de este artículo es mostrar algunos conceptos relacionados con la importancia de la planeación y direccionamiento estratégico, y de igual forma mostrar aquellas variables que explican en mayor proporcionalidad la sostenibilidad de una organización en relación con el direccionamiento estratégico, a la luz Modelo de Modernización para la Gestión de Organizaciones (MMGO desarrollado por la Universidad EAN en Colombia.

  3. Crystal structure of fac-tricarbonyl(cyclohexyl isocyanide-κC(quinoline-2-carboxylato-κ2N,Orhenium(I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charalampos Triantis

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In the title compound, [Re(C10H6NO2(C7H11N(CO3], the ReI atom is coordinated by three carbonyl ligands in a facial arrangement and by the N, O and C atoms from a chelating quinaldate anion and a monodentate isocyanide ligand, respectively. The resultant C4NO coordination sphere is distorted octahedral. A lengthening of the axial Re—CO bond trans to the isocyanide ligand is indicative of the trans effect. Individual complexes are stacked into rods parallel to [001] through displaced π–π interactions. Weak C—H...O hydrogen-bonding interactions between the rods lead to the formation of layers parallel to (010. These layers are stacked along [010] by C—H...H—C van der Waals contacts.

  4. Dinámica de materia orgánica en el Parque Natural El Hon­do de Elche-Crevillente (España Dynamics of organic matter in the Nature Reserve El Hondo de Elche-Crevillente (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Córdoba

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la variabilidad espacio­temporal de carbono orgánico en suelos del Parque Natural El Hondo de Elche-Crevillente en relación con la evolución en el tiempo y con el tipo de cubiertas vegetales. A su vez, se analizan los posi­bles cambios en el tiempo asociados al uso y a la gestión del territorio. Los resul­tados mostraron diferencias significativas (ANOVA pThe space-temporary organic carbon variability was studied in soils from Na­ture Reserve El Hondo in relation with its time evolution and with the vegetation covers. At the same time, the possible changes produced along the time associ­ated with the use and management of the territory were analyzed. The results re­vealed significant differences between su­perficial covers and periods of sampling (ANOVA p<0.05. The great diversity of covers and the anthropic use manifested the great space-temporary differences in the organic carbon content of these soils and the possibilities of sequestration of carbon in different soils present at the same environment.

  5. Charusita Chakravarty (1964–2016)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-04-25

    Apr 25, 2016 ... (Hons) in chemistry in St. Stephen's Col- lege, Delhi. After graduating from Delhi. University with a gold medal in 1985, she joined Cambridge University, UK, to do the Natural Sciences Tripos, receiving the B A (Hons) degree in Natural Sci- ences in 1987. She then joined the Ph D programme at Cambridge ...

  6. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1974 Section: Engineering & Technology. Ramaswamy, Dr Guruvayur Subramanian B.E. (Hons.), C.E. (Hons.), M.S. & C.E.(Caltech), FNA. Date of birth: 3 October 1923. Date of death: 9 March 2002. Specialization: Structural Engineering Last known address: 'Sans Souci', E 119, 16th Cross Road, Besantnagar, ...

  7. 78 FR 64192 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Extending the Public Comment Periods and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-28

    ... information meeting at the Hon-Dah Conference Center, 777 Highway 260, Pinetop, AZ 85935 (3 miles outside of...; (916) 929-7900. Hon-Dah Conference Center, 777 Highway 260, Pinetop, AZ 85935 (3 miles outside of... and to delist the gray wolf elsewhere, contact the Headquarters Office, Ecological Services; telephone...

  8. 77 FR 65870 - Notice of Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-31

    ... E. Ms. Floyd, Kenneth E. RADM Garcia, Juan Hon. Gibbs, Robert C. Mr. Gilpin, Richard S. Mr. Goodhart, John C. Mr. Hogue, Robert D. Mr. Honecker, Mark W. Mr. Hunt, Richard W. VADM Iselin, Steven R. Mr.... Brotherton, Andrea E. Ms. Cali, Robert T. Mr. Chudoba, Phillip Mr. Commons, Gladys Hon. Davis, Anne R. Ms...

  9. Critical points in the Bragg glass phase of a weakly pinned crystal of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    that the parameter RFC starts to become finite as H falls below the peak field. Hp. In Ca3Rh4Sn13, the disordering of the ordered lattice is nearly complete as. H → Hp and above this field the disordered vortex solid is in equilibrium. The parameter RFC shows two maxima near Hon p and Hon. SMP, thereby implying that the.

  10. Prof. C. V. Raman | History | About IASc | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Career: Indian Finance Dept., Calcutta and Rangoon: Gazetted Offr. 07-17; Univ. of Calcutta: Palit Professor-ship 17-33; IACS, Calcutta: Research 07-33 and Hon. Secy. 19--32; IISC, Bengaluru: Director 33-38, Prof. of Phys. 33-48, RRI, Bengaluru: Founder-Director 48-70. Fellow, Royal Soc. of London, INSA; Hon. Fellow ...

  11. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    FNASc., Hon. FIEI, Hon. FNA Engg., for Assoc. US Natl Acad. Engg.,. Council Service: 1971-91, President: 1977-79, Vice President: 1974-76. Date of birth: 25 September 1920. Date of death: 3 January 2002. Specialization: Aerospace Engineering and Fluid Mechanics Last known address: Member, Space Commission, ...

  12. Untitled

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2001-11-02

    Nov 2, 2001 ... November 2001. East African Medical Journal Vol. 78 No. l I November 2001. POSSIBLE IMMUNOLOGICAL BASIS FOR RECURRENT SPONTANEOUS ABORTIONS: A REVIEW . ' A.G. Tumbo-Oeri, BSc. (Hons) PhD, OGW Associate Professor, P.O. Box 30197, Nairobi, C.A. Omwandho, BSc (Hons), MSc, ...

  13. Quality of Health Information on the Internet for Urolithiasis on the Google Search Engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Dwayne T S; Abouassaly, Robert; Lawrentschuk, Nathan

    2016-01-01

    Purpose . To compare the quality of health information on the Internet for keywords related to urolithiasis, to assess for difference in information quality across four main Western languages, and to compare the source of sponsorship in these websites. Methods . Health On the Net (HON) Foundation principles were utilised to determine quality information. Fifteen keywords related to urolithiasis were searched on the Google search engine. The first 150 websites were assessed against the HON principles and the source of sponsorship determined. Results . A total of 8986 websites were analysed. A proportion of HON-accredited websites for individual search terms range between 2.5% and 12.0%. The first 50 websites were more likely to be HON-positive compared to websites 51-100 and 101-150. French websites searched were more likely to be HON-positive whereas German websites were less likely to be HON-positive than English websites. There was no statistically significant difference between the rate of HON-positive English and Spanish websites. The three main website sponsors were from government/educational sources (40.2%), followed by commercial (29.9%) and physician/surgeon sources (18.6%). Conclusions . Health information on most urolithiasis websites was not validated. Nearly one-third of websites in this study have commercial sponsorship. Doctors should recognise the need for more reliable health websites for their patients.

  14. Wetlands Research Program. Corps of Engineers Wetlands Delineation Manual. Appendix C. Sections 1 and 2. Region 6 - Southern Plains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    Yerba manse FACW+ Aroda cristata (L.) Schlecht. Spurred anode FAC Api1cs ameri-cana Medik. American potatobean FAC A4vc:v’um cannabirzar L. Indianhemp...lower OBL Vf. rubeL~us Gray Ciliolate-toothed monkeyf lower FACW -!iruaria vatuZa (Michx.) Matte . Sandwort FAC .*it 4ei~a repens L. Partridgeberry FAC

  15. Fradejas Lebrero, José (ed.. Felipe V: Don Quijote. Tomo V. Madrid: CSIC ž Instituto de estudios madrileños; 39 pp. + facsímil ([4] + 58 pp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia María Labrador Ben

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Sin duda, una de las publicaciones más originales aparecida con motivo del IV centenario de la publicación de El Quijote es el libro que ahora reseñamos. Continuaciones de obra tan famosa hubo más, indiscutiblemente de mayor calidad e interés literario, pero ésta resulta importante por su autor: nada menos que nuestro rey Felipe V, quien la escribió siendo todavía príncipe, cuando tan sólo contaba unos diez años según indica el manuscrito (año 1693, catorce o quince a lo sumo según las apreciaciones del profesor José Fradejas Lebrero, encargado de esta edición y gran especialista en la Edad Media y sobre todo en el Siglo de Oro, además de madrileñista y zamoranista insigne.

  16. Diseño de un modelo de control de mantenimiento aeronáutico con base en la norma NTCGP 1000:24, para realizar auditorías de gestión en la FAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Alexander Méndez Perdomo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación pretende formular una alternativa acorde con las orientaciones de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana para cumplir con el plan institucional 2006-2019 a través de la Norma Técnica Colombiana en la Gestión Pública NTC GPl 000: 2004. Asimismo, se tornaron como referencia formatos comercia les que permit ieron a las diferentes entidades públicas y privadas realizar una constante revisión de los procesos internos y externos cuya finalidad consiste en buscar un mejoramiento continuo, teniendo en cuenta las normas de calidad internacional que buscan establecer una estandarización en beneficio de los usuarios.

  17. Participation of Students from Under-Represented Groups in Gifted Programs. A Planning Guide To Implement Gifted Rule 6A-6.03019, FAC, As Revised on 9-12-91.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Bureau of Education for Exceptional Students.

    This planning guide is intended to facilitate flexibility in meeting the needs of under-represented groups in Florida programs for gifted students. An introduction defines these students (racial or ethnic minorities, limited English proficient, or from a low socioeconomic background), lists the required components of a district plan for increasing…

  18. Crystal structure of fac-[2-(4-methyl-5-phenyl-pyridin-2-yl)phenyl-κ2C1,N]bis-[2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl-κ2C1,N]iridium(III).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chi-Heon; Moon, Suk-Hee; Park, Ki-Min; Kang, Youngjin

    2016-12-01

    In the title compound, [Ir(C 11 H 8 N) 2 (C 18 H 14 N)], the Ir III ion adopts a distorted octa-hedral coordination environment defined by three C , N -chelating ligands, one stemming from a 2-(4-phenyl-5-methyl-pyridin-2-yl)phenyl ligand and two from 2-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl ligands, arranged in a facial manner. The Ir III ion lies almost in the equatorial plane [deviation = 0.0069 (15) Å]. In the crystal, inter-molecular π-π stacking inter-actions, as well as inter-molecular C-H⋯π inter-actions, are present, leading to a three-dimensional network.

  19. Recombinant coagulation factor VIIa labelled with the fac-99 mTc(CO)3-core: synthesis and in vitro evaluation of a putative new radiopharmaceutical for imaging in acute bleeding lesion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Jacob; Christensen, Jesper B.; Olsen, Ole H.

    2011-01-01

    Coagulation in blood is initiated when coagulation factor VII (FVII) binds to exposed TF and is activated to FVIIa, and the TF/ FVIIa complex may therefore provide a marker of vascular injury potentially applicable in diagnostic imaging of acute gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Methods: Recombinan...

  20. Synthesis, structure, and magnetic characterization of a C3-symmetric Mn(III)3Cr(III) assembly: molecular recognition between a trinuclear Mn(III) triplesalen complex and a fac-triscyano Cr(III) complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freiherr von Richthofen, Carl-Georg; Stammler, Anja; Bögge, Hartmut; DeGroot, Marty W; Long, Jeffrey R; Glaser, Thorsten

    2009-11-02

    The reaction of the tris(tetradentate) triplesalen ligand H(6)talen(t-Bu(2)), which provides three salen-like coordination environments bridged in a meta-phenylene arrangement by a phloroglucinol backbone, with Mn(II) salts under aerobic conditions, affords, in situ, the trinuclear Mn(III) triplesalen complex [(talen(t-Bu(2))){Mn(III)(solv)(n)}(3)](3+). This species then reacts with [(Me(3)tacn)Cr(CN)(3)] to form the tetranuclear complex [{(talen(t-Bu(2)))Mn(III)(3)}{(Me(3)tacn)Cr(CN)(3)}](3+) ([Mn(III)(3)Cr(III)](3+)). The regular ligand folding observed in the trinuclear triplesalen complex preorganizes the three metal ions for the reaction with three facially coordinated nitrogen atoms of [(Me(3)tacn)Cr(CN)(3)]. [{(talen(t-Bu(2)))(Mn(III)(MeOH))(3)}{(Me(3)tacn)Cr(CN)(3)}](ClO(4))(3) (1) was characterized by infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis, mass spectrometry, electron absorption spectroscopy, and magnetic measurements. The molecular structure was established for the acetate-substituted derivative [{(talen(t-Bu(2)))(Mn(III)(MeOH))(2)(Mn(III)(OAc))}{(Me(3)tacn)Cr(CN)(3)}](ClO(4))(2) (2) by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Variable-temperature-variable-field and mu(eff) versus T magnetic data have been analyzed in detail by full-matrix diagonalization of the appropriate spin-Hamiltonian, consisting of isotropic exchange, zero-field splitting, and Zeeman interaction components. Satisfactory reproduction of the experimental data has been obtained for the parameters J(Mn-Cr) = -0.12 +/- 0.04 cm(-1), J(Mn-Mn) = -0.70 +/- 0.03 cm(-1), and D(Mn) = -3.0 +/- 0.4 cm(-1). These generate a triply degenerate pseudo S(t) = 7/2 spin manifold, which cannot be appropriately described by a giant spin model and which exhibits a weak easy-axis magnetic anisotropy. This is corroborated by the onset of a frequency-dependent chi'' signal at low temperatures, demonstrating a slow relaxation of the magnetization indicative of 1 being a single-molecule magnet. Comparing the properties to those of the heptanuclear analogue [{(talen(t-Bu(2)))Mn(III)(3)}(2){Cr(III)(CN)(6)}](3+) ([Mn(III)(6)Cr(III)](3+)) formed by the reaction of 2 equiv of [(talen(t-Bu(2))){Mn(III)(solv)(n)}(3)](3+) with 1 equiv of [Cr(CN)(6)](3-) [Glaser, T.; Heidemeier, M.; Weyhermüller, T.; Hoffmann, R.-D.; Rupp, H.; Müller, P. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2006, 45, 6033-6037] demonstrates a lower driving force for formation, a strongly reduced J(Mn-Cr) exchange, a slightly reduced J(Mn-Mn) exchange, and a significantly longer Mn-N(N[triple bond]C) bond length in [Mn(III)(3)Cr(III)](3+). Taking into account magneto-structural correlations establishes a supramolecular interaction between the two [(talen(t-Bu(2)))Mn(III)(3)](3+) subunits in [Mn(III)(6)Cr(III)](3+) responsible for the structural distortion and the short Mn-N(N[triple bond]C) distance which results in a strong J(Mn-Cr) exchange and thus [Mn(III)(6)Cr(III)](3+) being a single-molecule magnet with a relatively high effective anisotropy barrier of 25.4 K.

  1. Crystal structure of fac-[2-(4-methyl-5-phenylpyridin-2-ylphenyl-κ2C1,N]bis[2-(pyridin-2-ylphenyl-κ2C1,N]iridium(III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chi-Heon Lee

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the title compound, [Ir(C11H8N2(C18H14N], the IrIII ion adopts a distorted octahedral coordination environment defined by three C,N-chelating ligands, one stemming from a 2-(4-phenyl-5-methylpyridin-2-ylphenyl ligand and two from 2-(pyridin-2-ylphenyl ligands, arranged in a facial manner. The IrIII ion lies almost in the equatorial plane [deviation = 0.0069 (15 Å]. In the crystal, intermolecular π–π stacking interactions, as well as intermolecular C—H...π interactions, are present, leading to a three-dimensional network.

  2. Fiscal 1998 research cooperation promotion project (total evaluation) report. Research cooperation on the machine translation system between neighboring countries / research cooperation on recovery technology of valuable resources in brine / research cooperation on effective use of unused metal resources; 1998 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku suishin jigyo (sogo hyoka) hokokusho. Kinrin shokokukan no kikai hon'yaku system ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku, kansuichu no yuka shigen kaishu gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku, miriyo kinzoku shigen no yuko katsuyo ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report outlines the research cooperation system between Japan and developing countries promoted by MITI and NEDO, and the titled 3 projects and their total evaluation results. In the 1st project, the research institutes of 5 countries including Japan promoted jointly the novel computer-aided machine translation system of each language through the intermediate language. In the 2nd project, based on the resource survey on brine in Mexico and China, studies were made on the integrated precipitation recovery method of Mg and K in Mexico, and the adsorption recovery method of Li in China. In the 3rd project, the efficient recovery method of Au and Ag from difficult-to-treat pyrites was developed by combining bacteria leaching treatment with chemical treatment. The result and contribution of these projects are in high appreciation of every country. (NEDO)

  3. Health On the Net Foundation

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    ... non-profit, non-governmental organization, accredited to the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. For 20 years, HON has focused on the essential question of the provision of health information to ...

  4. Contemporary Journal of African Studies: Editorial Policies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Editorial Committee. Prof. Dzodzi Akuyo Tsikata (Director, Hon. Chair) Prof. Albert K. Awedoba (General Editor) Dr. Stephen Owoahene-Acheampong Prof. Esi Sutherland-Addy Dr. Osman Alhassan Dr. Edward Nanbigne Dr. Jonathan A. Brindle ...

  5. Secondary parkinsonism

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    ... into the lungs ( aspiration ) Blood clot in a deep vein ( deep vein thrombosis ) Malnutrition When to Contact a Medical ... to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein ...

  6. Medicínské informační systémy za života Jeana-Raoula Scherrera

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Přečková, Petra

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 34, č. 1 (2003), s. 5-17 ISSN 0301-5491 Institutional research plan: AV0Z1030915 Keywords : ORCA * SYNAPSES * SYNEX * DIOGENE * GALEN * SWISSPORT * OSIRIS * HON Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  7. Itching

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    ... may or may not itch) Seborrheic dermatitis Sunburn Superficial skin infections such as folliculitis and impetigo Generalized ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  8. Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

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    ... children. Alternative Names Landouzy-Dejerine muscular dystrophy Images Superficial anterior muscles References Preston DC, Shapiro BE. Proximal, ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  9. Spinal muscular atrophy

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    ... Names Werdnig-Hoffmann disease; Kugelberg-Welander disease Images Superficial anterior muscles Scoliosis References Darras BT, Markowitz JA, ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  10. Polymyositis - adult

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    ... have shortness of breath and difficulty swallowing. Images Superficial anterior muscles References Amato AA. Disorders of skeletal ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  11. Eosinophilic fasciitis

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    ... no known prevention. Alternative Names Shulman syndrome Images Superficial anterior muscles References Lee LA, Werth VP. Skin ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  12. Myopathic changes

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    ... Alternative Names Myopathic changes; Myopathy; Muscle problem Images Superficial anterior muscles References Borg K, Ensrud E. Myopathies. ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  13. Surgical wound infection - treatment

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    ... hours There are different levels of wound infections: Superficial -- the infection is in the skin area only ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  14. Becker muscular dystrophy

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    ... Names Benign pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy; Becker's dystrophy Images Superficial anterior muscles References Amato AA. Disorders of the ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  15. Hemangioma

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    ... the size of a hemangioma. Outlook (Prognosis) Small superficial hemangiomas will often disappear on their own. About ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  16. Muscular dystrophy

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    ... during pregnancy. Alternative Names Inherited myopathy; MD Images Superficial anterior muscles References Sarnat HB. Muscular dystrophies. In: ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  17. Venous insufficiency

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    ... a large vein in the leg called the superficial saphenous vein. Outlook (Prognosis) Chronic venous insufficiency tends ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  18. Metabolic neuropathies

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    ... Images Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system Superficial anterior muscles Deep anterior muscles References Dhawan PS, ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  19. Fungal nail infection

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    ... chap 25. Hay RJ. Dermatophytosis (ringworm) and other superficial mycoses. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  20. Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A. ... on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should not be used during any ...

  1. Charusita Chakravarty (1964–2016)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-04-25

    Hons) in chemistry ... demic credentials, excellence in research came naturally to Charu. To get started with her research work, she submitted a research project to the Department of. Science and Technology (DST), New. Delhi.

  2. Getting your home ready - knee or hip surgery

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    ... skid bath mat outside the tub for firm footing. Keep the floor outside the tub or shower ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  3. Day to day with COPD

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    ... your breathing is: Getting harder Faster than before Shallow, and you cannot get a deep breath Also ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  4. Interstitial lung disease

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    ... Your breathing is getting harder, faster, or more shallow than before You cannot get a deep breath, ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  5. Anterior knee pain

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    ... thighbone where the kneecap normally rests is too shallow. You have flat feet. Anterior knee pain is ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  6. Mouthwash overdose

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    ... Low blood sugar Nausea Rapid heart rate Rapid, shallow breathing Skin redness and pain Slowed breathing Slurred ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  7. Acetaminophen and codeine overdose

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    ... different parts of the body. AIRWAYS AND LUNGS Shallow breathing Slow and labored breathing Stopped breathing EYES ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  8. Methadone overdose

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    ... pulse LUNGS Breathing problems , including slow, labored, or shallow breathing No breathing NERVOUS SYSTEM Coma (decreased level ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  9. Latex allergies - for hospital patients

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    ... or red skin Symptoms of shock, such as shallow breathing, cold and clammy skin, or weakness A ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  10. Shock

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    ... Profuse sweating , moist skin Rapid but weak pulse Shallow breathing Unconsciousness First Aid Take the following steps ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  11. Codeine overdose

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    ... Breathing problems, such as slow and labored breathing, shallow breathing, no breathing Cold, clammy skin Confusion Constipation ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  12. Hydromorphone overdose

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    ... lips Breathing problems, including slow and labored breathing , shallow breathing , or no breathing . Cold, clammy skin Coma ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  13. Genital herpes

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    ... will appear. When the blisters break, they leave shallow ulcers that are very painful. These ulcers crust ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  14. Morphine overdose

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    ... colored fingernails and lips Coma Constipation Difficulty breathing , shallow breathing, slow and labored breathing , no breathing Drowsiness ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  15. Prof. S. Ramaseshan | History | About IASc | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1983_-_1985). Name: RAMASESHAN, Sivaraj Elected 1955; Council Service: 1968-88; President: 1983-85; Vice-President: 1971-79; Editor of Publications 1977-82. Hon. Distinguished Prof. Emeritus, RRI, Bengaluru & Editor, Current Science, ...

  16. Fanconi anaemia in black South African patients heterozygous for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    T Wainstein,1 MSc (Med); R Kerr,1 PhD; C L Mitchell,1 MSc (Med);S Madaree,1 BSc (Hons); F B Essop,1 MSc (Med); E Vorster,1 BSc. (Hons); R Wainwright,2 MB BCh; J Poole,3 MB BCh; A Krause,1 MB BCh, PhD ..... Grompe M, D'Andrea AD. Fanconi anaemia and DNA repair. Hum Mol Genet 2001;10(20)2253-2259.

  17. Bilinear Heterogeneous Information Machine for RGB-D Action Recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-08

    Maps [26] 66.11% Skeleton+LOP+Pyramid [21] 82.22% LTTL [7] 91.48% HON4D [13] 96.67% SNV [25] 98.89% Our method 100% Sensitivity to parameters. The...Pose [27] 73.80% Local HON4D [13] 80.00% Actionlet Ensemble [21] 85.75% SNV [25] 86.25% Our method 86.88% BHIM is compared with existing approaches [26

  18. Effects of water chemistry and fluid dynamics on wall thinning behavior. Part 2. Evaluation of influential factors by flow accelerated corrosion tests and prediction of corrosion potential

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujiwara, Kazutoshi; Domae, Masafumi; Yoneda, Kimitoshi; Inada, Fumio

    2010-01-01

    Understanding of mechanism of Flow Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) phenomenon is desired for the rational wall thickness management and the prevention of FAC. In the previous study, we proposed a FAC model by considering the diffusion of dissolved species. The FAC model reproduced qualitatively well-known effect of major water chemistry parameters on FAC rate. The quantitative prediction was a subject of the FAC model. The FAC model is necessary to be verified and modified by the experimental study. The corrosion-potential measurement of the carbon steel is promising technique to monitor the effectiveness of the water chemical countermeasure against FAC of carbon steel piping at feed water system in power plant. It is required to evaluate the correlation between FAC rate and the corrosion potential. In this study, the effects of the water chemistry and fluid dynamics on FAC rates are evaluated by the FAC test of carbon steel. FAC rates are decreased remarkably with the increase in pH more than 10 and the increase in Cr content more than 0.8 wt%. The FAC rate is decreased with the increase in dissolved oxygen concentration, and ECP of specimen increases corresponding to the decrease of FAC rate. Moreover, the electrochemical model, which can predict the corrosion potential of carbon steel, is developed. The calculated corrosion potential of carbonsteel in deaerated nutral solution at 140degC is -0.6 V (SHE), which is close to the experimental result. (author)

  19. Evaluation of a 30-gene paclitaxel, fluorouracil, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide chemotherapy response predictor in a multicenter randomized trial in breast cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabchy, Adel; Valero, Vicente; Vidaurre, Tatiana; Lluch, Ana; Gomez, Henry; Martin, Miguel; Qi, Yuan; Barajas-Figueroa, Luis Javier; Souchon, Eduardo; Coutant, Charles; Doimi, Franco D; Ibrahim, Nuhad K; Gong, Yun; Hortobagyi, Gabriel N; Hess, Kenneth R; Symmans, W Fraser; Pusztai, Lajos

    2010-01-01

    Purpose We examined in a prospective, randomized, international clinical trial the performance of a previously defined 30-gene predictor (DLDA-30) of pathologic complete response (pCR) to preoperative weekly paclitaxel and fluorouracil, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide (T/FAC) chemotherapy, and assessed if DLDA-30 also predicts increased sensitivity to FAC-only chemotherapy. We compared the pCR rates after T/FAC versus FAC×6 preoperative chemotherapy. We also performed an exploratory analysis to identify novel candidate genes that differentially predict response in the two treatment arms. Experimental Design 273 patients were randomly assigned to receive either weekly paclitaxel × 12 followed by FAC × 4 (T/FAC, n=138), or FAC × 6 (n=135) neoadjuvant chemotherapy. All patients underwent a pretreatment FNA biopsy of the tumor for gene expression profiling and treatment response prediction. Results The pCR rates were 19% and 9% in the T/FAC and FAC arms, respectively (pcancers. PMID:20829329

  20. The National Wetland Plant List

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    Lengua-de- Vaca Anticlea elegans (Pursh) Rydb. FACU FACU FAC FACW FAC FACW FACU Mountain False Deathcamas Anticlea occidentalis (Gray) Zomlefer...Dcne. & Planch. ex R.C. Schneid. FAC Palo-de- Vaca Dennstaedtia bipinnata (Cav.) Maxon OBL FAC Cuplet Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula...FACU Leche -de-Perra Fothergilla gardenii L. FACW FACW Dwarf Witch-Alder Fragaria vesca L. UPL UPL FACU UPL UPL UPL UPL FACU

  1. Effect of Water Chemistry Factors on Flow Accelerated Corrosion : pH, DO, Hydrazine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Eun Hee; Kim, Kyung Mo; Kim, Hong Pyo

    2013-01-01

    Flow accelerated corrosion(FAC) of the carbon steel piping in pressurized water reactors(PWRs) has been major issue in nuclear industry. Severe accident at Surry Unit 2 in 1986 initiated the worldwide interest in this area. Major parameters influencing FAC are material composition, microstructure, water chemistry, and hydrodynamics. Qualitative behaviors of FAC have been well understood but quantitative data about FAC have not been published for proprietary reason. In order to minimize the FAC in PWRs, the optimal method is to control water chemistry factors. Chemistry factors influencing FAC such as pH, corrosion potential, and hydrazine contents were reviewed in this paper. FAC rate decreased with pH up to 10 because magnetite solubility decreased with pH. Corrosion potential is generally controlled dissolved oxygen (DO) and hydrazine in secondary water. DO increased corrosion potential. FAC rate decreased with DO by stabilizing magnetite at low DO concentration or by formation of hematite at high DO concentration. Even though hydrazine is generally used to remove DO, hydrazine itself thermally decomposed to ammonia, nitrogen, and hydrogen raising pH. Hydrazine could react with iron and increased FAC rate. Effect of hydrazine on FAC is rather complex and should be careful in FAC analysis. FAC could be managed by adequate combination of pH, corrosion potential, and hydrazine

  2. The Use of Bryophytes as Indicators of Hydric Soils and Wetland Hydrology during Wetland Delineations in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    intertidal zone. Campylium stellatum and Bryum capillare were the most abundant. Didymodon rigidulus, Mnium hornum, and Amblystegium serpens were also...cuspidatum (= Plagiomnium cuspidatum) (FAC) Thuidium recognitum (FAC) Amblystegium juratzkanum (= Amblystegium serpens var...FAC) Amblystegium juratzkanum (= Amblystegium serpens var. juratzkanum)) (FACU) Brachythecium salebrosum (FACU) ERDC/CRREL TR-10-9 58

  3. The experience of the Douala General Hospital in Cameroon

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    phases of orthodontic tooth movement in rats. Euro. J Oral Sci 2006 Oct; 114 (5): 423-9. 10. Carrillo, Eddy H MD, FACS; Gordon, Laura E. BA; Richarson, J. David MD, FACS; Polk, Hiram. C Jr, MD, FACS. Free hemoglobin enhances Tumor. Necrosis Factor-[alpha] production in isolated human monocytes. Journal of Trauma ...

  4. Model of physico-chemical effect on flow accelerated corrosion in power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujiwara, Kazutoshi; Domae, Masafumi; Yoneda, Kimitoshi; Inada, Fumio

    2011-01-01

    Highlights: → Model of chemical effect on FAC was developed. → Equation to evaluate the dissolved oxygen concentration for FAC suppression was derived. → The model explains the qualitatively the effect of parameters on FAC rate. → Diffusion of soluble species well reproduces the unique FAC behavior. - Abstract: Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) is caused by the accelerated dissolution of protective oxide film under the condition of high flow rate and has been one of the most important subjects in fossil and nuclear power plants. The dominant factors of FAC are water chemistry, material, and fluid dynamics. Understanding of the thinning mechanism is very important to estimate the quantitative effects of the dominant factors on FAC. In this study, a novel model of chemical effect on FAC under the steady-state condition was developed in consideration of the diffusion of soluble iron and chromium species, dissolved hydrogen, and dissolved oxygen. The formula to evaluate the critical concentration of dissolved oxygen for FAC suppression was derived. The present model reproduced qualitatively the effect of major environmental parameters on FAC rate. The model could explain the following facts. (1) The FAC rate shows a peak around 413 K. (2) The FAC rate decreases with an increase in Cr content. (3) The FAC rate decreases with an increase in pH. (4) The FAC rate decreases with an increase in dissolved oxygen concentration. (5) The maximum of critical dissolved oxygen concentration is observed around 353 K. (6) The critical dissolved oxygen concentration decreases with an increase in pH. We conclude that the diffusion of soluble species from the saturated layer under the steady-state condition well reproduces the unique FAC behavior with variation of water chemistry parameters.

  5. Wetlands Research Program. Corps of Engineers Wetlands Delineation Manual. Appendix C. Sections 1 and 2. Region 2 - Southeast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    Soland in Ait. Small flowered agrimony FAC A. roete;Ztata Walir. Agrimony FAC Agropyron trachycaulwn (Link) Malte Slender wheatgrass FAC Agrostis alba L...Creeping burhead OBL : eneZZus (Mart.) Buch. Slender burhead OBL 7c, ra aLba (L.) Hassk. Commron yerbadetajo FACW- Fceria densa Planch. Brazilian elodea... lippia FAC+ S-....Sweetgum FAC+ :1_is-’ id.Listera FACW (Swatz)Nutt ex Twayblade listera FC Elliott * r;a (L.) R. Br. Heartleaf lister& FACW 3-a:_- Wiegand

  6. Electrochemical measurements of carbon steel under high flow rate condition and thermodynamic solubility of iron

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujiwara, Kazutoshi; Domae, Masafumi; Ohira, Taku; Hisamune, Kenji; Takiguchi, Hideki; Uchida, Shunsuke; Lister, Derek

    2008-01-01

    Suitable procedures for mitigating the Flow Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) and a mathematical model to describe the phenomenon are required by Japanese utilities. In the present study, the relation between FAC rate, electrochemical potential (ECP) and thermodynamic solubility of iron in neutral and ammonia solution at 413 K were evaluated by FAC test and thermodynamic calculation. FAC rate in neutral water and ammonia solution were decreased dramatically by the injection of oxygen more than 38 ppb and 1.3 ppb, respectively. FAC rates of iron in neutral water were higher than those in ammonia solution. At low dissolved oxygen concentration region, FAC rate in ammonia solution decrease slowly with increasing ECP. It was clarified from thermodynamic calculation that trace oxygen increases ORP and decreases solubility of iron. The solubility of iron in neutral water is higher than in ammonia solution. The solubility of iron, which increases with decrease of pH and dissolved oxygen concentration, shows similar tendency to FAC rate. (author)

  7. Flow-assisted corrosion of steel and the influence of Cr and Cu additions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cubicciotti, D.

    1988-01-01

    Flow-assisted corrosion (FAC) of steel feedwater lines occurs by dissolution of the surface oxide layer on the steel. The solubility of iron in water under FAC conditions is discussed through the use of potential-pH diagrams (Pourbaix diagrams). Alloying additions of chromium and copper both decrease FAC. An assessment is presented that Cr additions decrease FAC by forming a mixed oxide with iron instead of a pure iron oxide. The solubility of iron from the mixed oxide is smaller than for pure iron oxide and leads to a smaller FAC rate. The stable form of copper under FAC conditions is not the mixed iron-copper oxide but metallic copper, which may act in the underlying steel surface to impede FAC. (orig.)

  8. Seasonal and interplanetary magnetic field dependence of the field-aligned currents for both Northern and Southern Hemispheres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. L. Green

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The configuration of the Earth's magnetosphere under various Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF and solar wind conditions alters the global distribution of Field-Aligned Currents (FACs at the high latitude ionospheres. We use magnetic field data obtained from the Iridium constellation to extend recent studies that infer the dependence of the global FAC configuration on IMF direction and magnitude, hemisphere and season. New results are a reduced IMF By influence on the FAC configuration for the winter hemisphere and a redistribution of FAC to the nightside for winter relative to the summer hemisphere. These effects are linked to the winter ionosphere conductance distribution being dominated by localised nightside enhancement associated with ionisation from energetic particle precipitation. A comparison of an estimated open-closed field line boundary (OCFLB with the Region 1 FAC locations shows reasonable agreement for summer FAC configurations. However, the OCFLB location is decoupled from the Region 1 FACs in winter, especially for IMF Bz>0.

  9. Co-Targeting Prostate Cancer Epithelium and Bone Stroma by Human Osteonectin-Promoter-Mediated Suicide Gene Therapy Effectively Inhibits Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer Growth.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shian-Ying Sung

    Full Text Available Stromal-epithelial interaction has been shown to promote local tumor growth and distant metastasis. We sought to create a promising gene therapy approach that co-targets cancer and its supporting stromal cells for combating castration-resistant prostate tumors. Herein, we demonstrated that human osteonectin is overexpressed in the prostate cancer epithelium and tumor stroma in comparison with their normal counterpart. We designed a novel human osteonectin promoter (hON-522E containing positive transcriptional regulatory elements identified in both the promoter and exon 1 region of the human osteonectin gene. In vitro reporter assays revealed that the hON-522E promoter is highly active in androgen receptor negative and metastatic prostate cancer and bone stromal cells compared to androgen receptor-positive prostate cancer cells. Moreover, in vivo prostate-tumor-promoting activity of the hON-522E promoter was confirmed by intravenous administration of an adenoviral vector containing the hON-522E promoter-driven luciferase gene (Ad-522E-Luc into mice bearing orthotopic human prostate tumor xenografts. In addition, an adenoviral vector with the hON-522E-promoter-driven herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene (Ad-522E-TK was highly effective against the growth of androgen-independent human prostate cancer PC3M and bone stromal cell line in vitro and in pre-established PC3M tumors in vivo upon addition of the prodrug ganciclovir. Because of the heterogeneity of human prostate tumors, hON-522E promoter-mediated gene therapy has the potential for the treatment of hormone refractory and bone metastatic prostate cancers.

  10. The Collins Center Update. Volume 1, Issue 3, December 1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-12-01

    CDN), devel oped and executed the FORO DE ESTRATEGIA NACIONAL 2005 Hon­ du ras en el Siglo XXI (FEN 2005) {Na tional Strategy Forum 2005 Hon du­ ras...that partici pated included the Air Force Space Command, Air Combat Com mand, U. S . Atlan tic Fleet, and U.S. Pa cific Fleet. The CSL team provided...tools and processes used to make strate gic leaders. Im­ pressed with this program, Gover nor Pat ton requested a return visit with his en tire

  11. Belize Area Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-11-20

    OF STATE frOreej r1 Hon. V. H. Courtenay Belmopan 08-2167 MINISTER OF NATURAL 0 RESOURCS Hon. Florencio Marin Belmopan 08-2333 Permanent Secretary...0"C-unity Development 4. ZI’ER, Frederick Hopkins, Minister Belize Rural North Belize City Peoples United Party ’’-. of Works 5 . MARIN , Florencio...P/Health Fl)res, Sylvia Estella 5366 18th St. General & Midwifery Kings Park Lovell, Belle Claire 36 Iguana St. General & Midwifery Belize City Pike

  12. The interplanetary magnetic field By effects on large-scale field-aligned currents near local noon: Contributions from cusp part and noncusp part

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamauchi, M.; Lundin, R.; Woch, J.

    1993-01-01

    Latitudinals develop a model to account for the effect of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) B y component on the dayside field-aligned currents (FACs). As part of the model the FACs are divided into a open-quotes cusp partclose quotes and a open-quotes noncusp partclose quotes. The authors then propose that the cusp part FACs shift in the longitudinal direction while the noncusplike part FACs shift in both longitudinal and latitudinal directions in response to the y component of the IMF. If combined, it is observed that the noncusp part FAC is found poleward of the cusp part FAC system when the y component of the IMF is large. These two FAC systems flow in the same direction. They reinforce one another, creating a strong FAC, termed the DPY-FAC. The model also predicts that the polewardmost part of the DPY-FAC flows on closed field lines, even in regions conventionally occupied by the polar cap. Results of the model are successfully compared with particle and magnetic field data from Viking missions

  13. The interplanetary magnetic field By-dependent field-aligned current in the dayside polar cap under quiet conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamauchi, M.; Araki, T.

    1989-01-01

    Spatial distribution and temporal variation of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) B y -dependent cusp region field-aligned currents (FACs) during quiet periods were studied by use of magnetic data observed by Magsat. The analysis was made for 11 events (each event lasts more than one and a half days) when the IMF B y component was steadily large and B x was relatively small (|B z | y |). Results of the analysis of total 62 half-day periods for the IMF B y -dependent cusp region FAC are summarized as follows: (1) the IMF B y -dependent cusp region FAC is located at around 86 degree-87 degree invariant latitude local noon, which is more poleward than the location of the IMF B z -dependent cusp region FAC; (2) the current density of this FAC is greater than previous studies (≥ 4 μA/m 2 for IMF B y = 6 nT); (3) there are two time scales for the IMF B y -dependent cusp region FAC to appear: the initial rise of the current is on a short time scale, ∼ 10 min, and it is followed by a gradual increase on a time scale of several hours to a half day; (4) the seasonal change of this FAC is greater than that of the nightside region 1 or region 2 FACs; (5) the IMF B z -dependent cusp region FAC is not well observed around the cusp when the IMF B y -dependent cusp region FAC is intense

  14. Synthesis of fly-ash cenospheres coated with polypyrrole using a layer-by-layer method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Qin; Wang Bing; Li Chuang; Pang Jianfeng; Zhai Jianping

    2011-01-01

    Uniform polypyrrole (PPy) films, of controlled thickness, were successfully synthesized and immobilized on polyelectrolyte (PE) multilayer-assembled fly-ash cenospheres (FACs) using a simple and versatile method. In this approach, FACs were assembled with multilayers of poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) and poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) using a layer-by-layer self-assembly procedure. The FACs were used as templates for the subsequent deposition of PPy. The deposition behaviours of PEs on the surfaces of the FACs were examined, and the results could be fitted to a first-order exponential decay model at pH 6. The surfaces of the PE-deposited FACs (FAC-(PDDA-PSS) n , n is the number of PE layers) became more homogeneous as n increased. Their properties were determined mainly by the PE, not by the FAC itself, after n = 4. PPy-coated FACs with PE precursor layers [(PPy/FAC-(PDDA-PSS) n ] had different morphologies for different numbers of PE layers. The PPy loading amount on the FACs and the conductivities of the composites reached plateaus after the PE layer deposition number exceeded six.

  15. A Comprehensive Analysis of Multiscale Field-Aligned Currents: Characteristics, Controlling Parameters, and Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGranaghan, Ryan M.; Mannucci, Anthony J.; Forsyth, Colin

    2017-12-01

    We explore the characteristics, controlling parameters, and relationships of multiscale field-aligned currents (FACs) using a rigorous, comprehensive, and cross-platform analysis. Our unique approach combines FAC data from the Swarm satellites and the Advanced Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment (AMPERE) to create a database of small-scale (˜10-150 km, 250 km) FACs. We examine these data for the repeatable behavior of FACs across scales (i.e., the characteristics), the dependence on the interplanetary magnetic field orientation, and the degree to which each scale "departs" from nominal large-scale specification. We retrieve new information by utilizing magnetic latitude and local time dependence, correlation analyses, and quantification of the departure of smaller from larger scales. We find that (1) FACs characteristics and dependence on controlling parameters do not map between scales in a straight forward manner, (2) relationships between FAC scales exhibit local time dependence, and (3) the dayside high-latitude region is characterized by remarkably distinct FAC behavior when analyzed at different scales, and the locations of distinction correspond to "anomalous" ionosphere-thermosphere behavior. Comparing with nominal large-scale FACs, we find that differences are characterized by a horseshoe shape, maximizing across dayside local times, and that difference magnitudes increase when smaller-scale observed FACs are considered. We suggest that both new physics and increased resolution of models are required to address the multiscale complexities. We include a summary table of our findings to provide a quick reference for differences between multiscale FACs.

  16. Swarm Observation of Field-Aligned Currents Associated With Multiple Auroral Arc Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, J.; Knudsen, D. J.; Gillies, D. M.; Donovan, E. F.; Burchill, J. K.

    2017-10-01

    Auroral arcs occur in regions of upward field-aligned currents (FACs); however, the relation is not one to one, since kinetic energy of the current-carrying electrons is also important in the production of auroral luminosity. Multiple auroral arc systems provide an opportunity to study the relation between FACs and auroral brightness in detail. In this study, we have identified two types of FAC configurations in multiple parallel arc systems using ground-based optical data from the Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms all-sky imagers, magnetometers and electric field instruments on board the Swarm satellites. In "unipolar FAC" events, each arc is an intensification within a broad, unipolar current sheet and downward return currents occur outside of this broad sheet. In "multipolar FAC" events, multiple arc systems represent a collection of multiple up/down current pairs. By collecting 17 events with unipolar FAC and 12 events with multipolar FACs, we find that (1) unipolar FAC events occur most frequently between 20 and 21 magnetic local time and multipolar FAC events tend to occur around local midnight and within 1 h after substorm onset. (2) Arcs in unipolar FAC systems have a typical width of 10-20 km and a spacing of 25-50 km. Arcs in multipolar FAC systems are wider and more separated. (3) Upward currents with more arcs embedded have larger intensities and widths. (4) Electric fields are strong and highly structured on the edges of multiple arc system with unipolar FAC. The fact that arcs with unipolar FAC are much more highly structured than the associated currents suggests that arc multiplicity is indicative not of a structured generator deep in the magnetosphere, but rather of the magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling process.

  17. Mass transfer effects in feeder flow-accelerated corrosion wall thinning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pietralik, J.

    2008-01-01

    Flow conditions play a dominant role in Flow-Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) under certain conditions, e.g., in CANDU feeders. While chemistry and materials set the overall potential for FAC, flow conditions determine the local distribution of wall thinning. Recent plant data of feeders and laboratory tests confirms that there is a close relationship between local flow conditions, expressed by mass transfer coefficient, and FAC rate in CANDU feeder bends. The knowledge of local effects can be useful for minimizing the number of inspected components, predicting the location of the highest FAC rate for a given piping component, and determining what components or feeders should be replaced. A similar evaluation applies also to FAC in heat transfer equipment such as heat exchangers and steam generators. The objective of this paper is to examine the relationship between FAC rate and local mass transfer parameters. For FAC where the flow is dominant, the FAC rate is proportional to mass flux of ferrous ions. The mass flux is the product of the mass transfer coefficient and the concentration difference, or degree of saturation. The mass transfer coefficient describes the intensity of the transport of corrosion products (ferrous ions) from the oxide-water interface into the bulk water. Therefore, this parameter can be used for predicting the local distribution of FAC rate in the mass-transfer controlled FAC. The degree of saturation reduces the mass flux, thus reducing the FAC rate. This effect can be significant in long piping, e.g., in outlet feeders. The paper presents plant and laboratory evidence for the relationship between local mass transfer conditions and the FAC rate. It shows correlations for mass transfer coefficient in components that are highly susceptible to FAC and most important flow parameters that affect mass transfer coefficient. The role of surface roughness, wall shear stress, and local turbulence is also discussed. (author)

  18. Mejores prácticas en gestión de proveedores a nivel mundial, aplicables al sistema de Administración de la Relación con el Proveedor (ARP de la Jefatura de Operaciones Logísticas (JOL de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana (FAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Italo Arrazola Aguado

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dentro de la administración de la cadena de abastecimiento ó Supply Chain Management (SCM, se destaca la gestión de proveedores como una de las actividades más críticas para su establecimiento efectivo. Por lo anterior, el presente artículo busca aproximarse al estado del arte en gestión de proveedores, utilizando como referencia revistas internacionales especializadas en el tema, ofreciendo así una base de referencia en futuras investigaciones relacionadas. En este sentido, se propone un conjunto de alternativas para estructurar un procedimiento general, que permita la adecuada toma de decisiones en cuanto a los proveedores tanto en la Jefatura de Operaciones Logísticas de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana, como en cualquier organización con el ajuste apropiado.

  19. Crystal structure of bromido-fac-tricarbon-yl[5-(3,4,5-tri-meth-oxy-phen-yl)-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-κ2N2,N3]rhenium(I) methanol monosolvate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharlova, Marharyta I; Piletska, Kseniia O; Domasevitch, Kostiantyn V; Shtemenko, Alexander V

    2017-04-01

    In the title compound, [ReBr(C 16 H 16 N 4 O 3 )(CO) 3 ]·CH 3 OH, the Re I atom adopts a distorted octa-hedral coordination sphere with a facial arrangement of the three carbonyl ligands. Two N atoms of the chelating 5-(3,4,5-tri-meth-oxy-phen-yl)-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-1 H -1,2,4-triazole ligand and two carbonyl ligands define the equatorial plane of the complex, with the third carbonyl ligand and the bromide ligand in axial positions. Conventional hydrogen bonds including the methanol solvent mol-ecules assemble the complex mol-ecules through mutual N-H⋯O-H⋯Br links [N⋯O = 2.703 (3) Å and O⋯Br = 3.255 (2) Å] into centrosymmetric dimers, whereas weaker C-H⋯O and C-H⋯Br hydrogen bonds [C⋯O = 3.215 (3)-3.390 (4) Å and C⋯Br = 3.927 (3) Å] connect the dimers into double layers parallel to the (111) plane.

  20. Crystal structure of the cis and trans polymorphs of bis-[μ-2-(1,3-benzo-thia-zol-2-yl)phenolato]-κ3N,O:O;κ3O:N,O-bis-[fac-tri-carbonyl-rhenium(I)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priyatharsini, Maruthupandiyan; Shankar, Bhaskaran; Sathiyendiran, Malaichamy; Srinivasan, Navaneethakrishnan; Krishnakumar, Rajaputi Venkatraman

    2017-02-01

    The title dinuclear complex, [Re 2 (C 13 H 8 NOS) 2 (CO) 6 ], crystallizes in two polymorphs where the 2-(1,3-benzo-thia-zol-2-yl)phenolate ligands and two carbonyl groups are trans - ( I ) or cis -arranged ( II ) with respect to the [Re 2 O 2 (CO) 4 ] core. Polymorphs I and II exhibit a crystallographically imposed centre of symmetry and a twofold rotation axis, respectively. The structures may be described as being formed by two octa-hedrally distorted metal-coordinating units fused through μ-oxido bridges, leading to edge-sharing dimers. The crystal packing is governed by C-H⋯O hydrogen-bonding inter-actions, forming chains parallel to the c axis in I and a three-dimensional network in II .

  1. Federico, Cresti, Oasi di italianità. La Libia della colonizzazione agraria tra fascismo, guerra e indipendenza (1935-1956), Torino, Società Editrice Internazionale, décembre 1996, 298 p. (Préfacé par Salvatore Bono, complété par un index des perso

    OpenAIRE

    Lafi, Nora

    2004-01-01

    L'histoire de la colonisation italienne en Méditerranée s'enrichit de nouveau avec ce bel ouvrage intitulé Oasis d'italianité, la Libye de la colonisation agraire entre fascisme, guerre et indépendance (1935-1956). Ce livre constitue une étape majeure dans l'historiographie italienne, dans le sens où il marque une évolution dans les études sur la colonisation italienne. Celles-ci furent souvent traitées sur le mode de l'événementiel et du général, exceptions faites de la thèse non publiée de ...

  2. Federico, Cresti, Oasi di italianità. La Libia della colonizzazione agraria tra fascismo, guerra e indipendenza (1935-1956), Torino, Società Editrice Internazionale, décembre 1996, 298 p. (Préfacé par Salvatore Bono, complété par un index des personnes et des lieux).

    OpenAIRE

    Nora Lafi

    2004-01-01

    L'histoire de la colonisation italienne en Méditerranée s'enrichit de nouveau avec ce bel ouvrage intitulé Oasis d'italianité, la Libye de la colonisation agraire entre fascisme, guerre et indépendance (1935-1956). Ce livre constitue une étape majeure dans l'historiographie italienne, dans le sens où il marque une évolution dans les études sur la colonisation italienne. Celles-ci furent souvent traitées sur le mode de l'événementiel et du général, exceptions faites de la thèse non publiée de ...

  3. Federico, Cresti, Oasi di italianità. La Libia della colonizzazione agraria tra fascismo, guerra e indipendenza (1935-1956, Torino, Società Editrice Internazionale, décembre 1996, 298 p. (Préfacé par Salvatore Bono, complété par un index des personnes et des lieux.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nora Lafi

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available L'histoire de la colonisation italienne en Méditerranée s'enrichit de nouveau avec ce bel ouvrage intitulé Oasis d'italianité, la Libye de la colonisation agraire entre fascisme, guerre et indépendance (1935-1956. Ce livre constitue une étape majeure dans l'historiographie italienne, dans le sens où il marque une évolution dans les études sur la colonisation italienne. Celles-ci furent souvent traitées sur le mode de l'événementiel et du général, exceptions faites de la thèse non publiée de ...

  4. Analysis of flow accelerated corrosion in piping of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naitoh, Masanori; Uchida, Shunsuke; Uehara, Yasushi; Koshizuka, Seiichi

    2008-01-01

    The FAC evaluation models and procedures were developed by coupling corrosion models and flow dynamics models. The newly developed wall thinning calculation code coupled with the static electrochemistry model and the dynamic oxide film growth model was validated by comparison with measurements. As one of countermeasures for mitigation of FAC for the secondary cooling system of PWRs, a location of hydrazine injection as a scavenger of oxygen was discussed from the viewpoint of water chemistry improvement. The FAC dangerous zone was defined as overlapping conditions of ranges of influential parameters for FAC occurrence. When hydrazine was injected at the deaerator inlet, a FAC dangerous zone did not appear at all and oxygen concentration was kept sufficiently low level to prevent corrosion of Inconel tubes of steam generators. From a view point of mitigation of FAC, a small addition of oxygen was recommended. (author)

  5. Determination of high-risk zones for local wall thinning due to flow-accelerated corrosion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uchida, Shunsuke; Naitoh, Masanori; Okada, Hidetoshi; Suzuki, Hiroaki; Tsuji, Yoshiyuki; Koshiduka, Seiichi; Lister, Derek H.

    2013-01-01

    Thousands of flow-accelerated corrosion (FAC)-possible zones cause long and costly inspection procedures for nuclear power plants as well as fossil power plants. In order to narrow down the number of inspection zones, a speedy and easy-to-handle tool for determination of FAC risk zones, a 1D FAC code, was developed. FAC risk was defined as the mathematical product of the possibility of wall thinning occurrence and its hazard scale. The local maximum thinning rate could be predicted with accuracy within a factor of 2 with the 1D FAC code. High FAC risk zones and high priority locations for thinning monitoring along entire cooling systems and the effects of countermeasures on mitigating the risks could be evaluated within a small amount of computer time. The fusion of prediction and monitoring might go well to improve plant performance. (author)

  6. (SA Rugby) Youth Week players

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kathryn van Boom

    3 PhD, CSCS, C Readhead, 1,3 BSc. Physiotherapy, S Mc Fie,1 BSc (Hons), Neuroscience. 1 Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human. Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town,.

  7. Entrance Qualifications Affect the Performance of Nutrition Students at University: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owusu-Apenten, Richard; Xu, Wen Li

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the effect of admissions qualifications on the subsequent academic performances of BSc nutrition students at a UK university. Entrance qualifications for three groups (Grp01, Grp02, Grp03) reading for a BSc(Hons) degree in, Dietetics, Food & Nutrition or Human Nutrition (n = 105) were determined from their UCAS…

  8. Educating for the 21st Century: Bringing Today's Classrooms into the Digital Age. Field Hearing of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, United States Senate, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session on Examining Educating for the 21st Century, Focusing on Bringing Today's Classrooms into the Digital Age (November 22, 2013, Charlotte, NC). Senate Hearing 113-821

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Senate, 2016

    2016-01-01

    This field hearing of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, focused on discussing new ways to use technology in the classroom. The committee met on Friday, November 22, 2013, in the media room, Phillip O. Berry Academy of Technology with Hon. Kay Hagan presiding. Opening remarks by Honorable Kay R. Hagan began with her stating…

  9. Care of HIV-positive orphans by elderly people in Swaziland

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The elderly people we interviewed were all non-professional women with mainly a primary level of ... Table II depicts the experiences, challenges, coping strategies and support systems of the elderly ... bEtHabilE lOVEly DOlaMO, Diploma in Nursing Administration, BCur (Hons), MSc (Nursing), DCur. Senior Lecturer ...

  10. Scheduling irrigation in heterogeneous container nursery crops

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Incrocci, L.; Incrocci, G.; Vita, Di A.; Pardossi, A.; Bibbiani, C.; Marzialetti, P.; Balendonck, J.

    2014-01-01

    One of the major production areas in Europe for Hardy Ornamental Nursery Stocks (HONS) is located around Pistoia (Tuscany, Italy). In this area, pot ornamental crops show low water use efficiency (WUE). Main reasons of poor irrigation efficiency are both the inaccurate irrigation scheduling, which

  11. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Biman Bagchi

    2016-03-29

    Mar 29, 2016 ... of the engineering disciplines. However, at the sugges- tion of a family friend and that of her father she joined. B Sc (Hons.) in Chemistry in St. Stephen's College,. Delhi. After graduating from Delhi University with a gold medal in 1985, she joined Cambridge University,. UK, to do the Natural Sciences Tripos, ...

  12. Confidentiality concerning HIV/AIDS status - the implications of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Business Administration, University of Natal, Durban. L. A. Dancaster. B. CaM. HONS. LLB.• LLM. ... Heerden's wife was a business partner of McGeary, and Van. Heerden claimed that this was why Kruger ..... fundamental principles regarding confidentiality and the HIV patient. It is important for both the legal ...

  13. Disclosure of doctors with HIV / AIDS on antiretroviral therapy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Winnie

    blood on the inside of the first of her double gloves after surgery. The case study, and some responses submitted to the forum, follow below. ETHICS CASE STUDY. DISCLOSURE OF DOCTORS WITH HIV/AIDS. ON ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY. Marlise Richter, BA Hons, MA, LLM. School of Public Health, University of the ...

  14. Application of Executable Architecture in Early Concept Evaluation using the DoD Architecture Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-15

    APPLICATION OF EXECUTABLE ARCHITECTURE IN EARLY CONCEPT EVALUATION USING THE DOD ARCHITECTURE...OF EXECUTABLE ARCHITECTURE IN EARLY CONCEPT EVALUATION USING THE DOD ARCHITECTURE FRAMEWORK Zhongwang Chua, BS (Hons) Military Expert 5...on the development of early Concept Evaluation methodology through the use of Executable Architecture (EA) through the System Architecting process

  15. PICTORIAL ESSAY Is anomalous origin of the left vertebral artery ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, 2 Military Hospital, Wynberg, Cape Town. Sulaiman Moosa, MB ChB, MPhil, BSc Hons, FFRad Diag (SA). Corresponding author: B van der Merwe (attiemalan@mweb.co.za). We present a pictorial review of anomalous origin of the left vertebral artery observed in 5 patients imaged in ...

  16. Pneumonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in the warm mist. Take a couple of deep breaths 2 or 3 times every hour. Deep breaths will help open up your lungs. Tap ... to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein ...

  17. TEQSA Annual Report 2015-2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Australian Government Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency, 2016

    2016-01-01

    This report informs Senator the Hon. Simon Birmingham, Minister for Education and Training, the Parliament of Australia, the Australian higher education community and the general public about the performance of the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA or the Agency) during the financial year ending 30 June 2016. Prepared…

  18. Search Results | Page 9 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2012-11-14

    Results 81 - 90 of 96 ... IDRC support helps some of the developing world's brightest scientists find new ways to improve the lives of their fellow citizens, said IDRC Chairperson the Hon. Barbara McDougall. Published date. November 14, 2012. Research in Action. Ecohealth Innovation Health systems Disease control ...

  19. 77 FR 51602 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Order Granting Approval of a Proposed Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ... determining whether a company was a shell company, BATS would consider, among other factors: ] whether the... risks of investing in Reverse Merger companies, noting potential market and regulatory risks related to investing in Reverse Merger companies.\\6\\ \\4\\ See Letter from Mary L. Schapiro to Hon. Patrick T. McHenry...

  20. African Crop Science Journal - Vol 11, No 1 (2003)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RECOMMANDATIONS SPECIFIQUES D'ENGRAIS: CALIBRATION ET VALIDATION DU MODULE PHOSPHORE DU MODELE NuMaSS. M. D. Doumbia, A. Sidibé, A. Bagayoko, M. A. Diarra, A. Bationo, R. A. Kablan, R. S. Yost, L. R. Hossner, F. M. Hons. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/acsj.v11i1.27564 ...

  1. RESONANCEI--Ja-nua rY

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    "Classroom" is equally a forum for raising broader issues and sharing personal experiences and viewpoints on matters related to teaching and learning science. Prithvi Ramesh. BA Hons. Mathematics. 3 rd Year. St. Stephens College. Delhi, India. A Number-theoretic Game. Consider any four natural numbers a, b, c, d and ...

  2. Assessment of the Challenges in Policy Implementation in the Small ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Michael

    2017-06-20

    Jun 20, 2017 ... Pallant, J. (2007), SPSS Survival Manual: A Step by. Step Guide to Data Analysis using SPSS for. Windows Version 15 (3rd edition) Berkshire,. England: Open University Press, 333 pp. Authors. Peter Arroja Eshun obtained his BSc. (Hons), PgD, MPhil and PhD degrees in. Mining Engineering from the ...

  3. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 1939 Section: Earth & Planetary Sciences. Venkiteshwaran, Sekharipuram Padmanabhaiyer B.A. (Hons.), FNA 1965-67. Date of birth: 15 February 1905. Date of death: 26 September 1985. Specialization: Instrumentation, Radio Meteorology and Wind Power. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  4. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    BOOK REVIEW. 277. Co-discoverer. Vidyanand Nanjundiah. Face to Face. Biology as an Inte- grating Natural Sci- ence Domain: A Pro- posal for BSc (Hons) in Integrated Biology. K Muralidhar. 261. 272. 283. Of Mechanisms, Microscopes and Methyl iso- cyanate. S Sriramachari talks to Sujata Varadarajan. 292. Erratum.

  5. EXERCISE-INDUCED ASTHMA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enrique

    ests include exercise in the management of chronic dis- ease, bone stress injuries, and exercise-associated muscle cramps. WAYNE DERMAN. MB ChB, BSc (Med) (Hons). Sports Science, PhD, FACSM. Associate Professor. MRC/UCT Research Unit for Sports Science and. Sports Medicine. Sports Science Institute of.

  6. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U15528-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available om... 36 0.024 24 ( CU914733 ) H.numata DNA sequence from clone AEHN-38C19. 34 0....hon pisum... 32 0.040 21 ( AE017243 ) Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae J, complete genome. 38 0.041 20 ( CU655868 ) H.numa

  7. Indigenous peoples of the British Dominions and the First World War ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abel

    Timothy Winegard saw active duty in the Canadian Reserve Force from. 2001 to 2010 and served on detachment duty to the British Army for a two-year period. He obtained various academic degrees from 1999 onwards, among others a. BA Hons degree in History and an MA in War Studies. The book under discussion.

  8. A Class Act? Lecturers' Views on Undergraduates' Employability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    This article details the findings of a study into lecturers' perceptions of undergraduate employability. The investigation employed interviews with the staff on a BA (Hons) in Education Studies course at a post-1992 university. The aim was to examine staff beliefs regarding their students' potential employability in the business and finance…

  9. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Discussion Meetings · Public Lectures · Lecture Workshops · Refresher Courses · Symposia. Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1934 Section: Plant Sciences. Parija, Prankrishna M.A. (Cantab), D.Sc. (Hon.), FNA, FNASc. Date of birth: 1 April 1891. Date of death: 2 June 1978. Specialization: Plant Physiology and ...

  10. Untitled

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PATTERN OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AMONG COMMERCIAL ROAD TRANSPORT. WORKERS IN A SEMI-. URBAN COMMUNITY IN SOUTH WESTERN NIGERIA. T.C. Abiona, MBChB, FMCPH, Lecturer/Hon. Community Health Physician, Department of Community Health,. 0.0. Aloba, MBChB, Registrar in Psychiatry ...

  11. Quality and readability of internet-based information on halitosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Jung Hwan; Kim, Eui Joo; Kim, Ji Rak; Kim, Moon Jong; Chung, Jin Woo; Park, Ji Woon

    2018-03-01

    To evaluate quality and readability of Internet-based information on halitosis. An Internet search through 3 engines (Google, Yahoo, and Bing) was done with the terms ("bad breath," "halitosis," "oral malodor," "foul breath," "mouth malodor," "breath malodor," "fetor ex ore," "fetor oris," "ozostomia," and "stomatodysodia"). The first 50 websites from each engine resulting from each search term were screened. Included websites were evaluated using Health on the Net (HON) criteria, Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks, DISCERN, Ensuring Quality Information for Patients (EQIP), Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) score, and Flesch-Kincaid Grade level. A total of 101 websites were included. HON, DISCERN, EQIP, and FRE score were 42.9%, 37.6%, 37.4%, and 51.9% of the maximum score, respectively. Fewer than 50% of sites displayed attribution, disclosure, and currency according to JAMA benchmarks. HON score, DISCERN score, and EQIP score had significant correlation with each other and were significantly higher in sites displaying the HON seal. The current quality and readability of informative websites on halitosis are generally low and poorly organized. Clinicians should be able to assess the Internet-based information on halitosis, as well as give accurate advice and guide patients concerning this issue. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Programming Languages

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 3; Issue 12. Programming Languages - A Brief Review ... IBM Professor of Information Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore 560012, India; Hon.Professor, Supercomputer Education & Research Centre ...

  13. of reference centiles with an application to weight gain in pregnancy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of the. Witwatersrand, Johannesburg . L Paul Fatti. BSc Hons. MSc. PhD. ~ Volume 87 No.2 February 1997 SAMJ represents the value below which that given percentage of the reference populat)on falls. While such centile charts are in common use, there are a.

  14. Students as Producers: An "X" Disciplinary Client-Based Approach to Collaborative Art, Design and Media Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cocchiarella, Fabrizio; Booth, Paul

    2015-01-01

    This article presents the findings of a cross-disciplinary project between BA (Hons) Interior Design, Creative Multimedia and Film and Media Studies at a large Metropolitan University in the North of England. The collaboration was part of Unit X, a faculty-wide credit-bearing initiative to enable better collaboration across art and design courses.…

  15. Wound Dressing Procedure and Prevention of Contamination and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Malawi Medical Journal. Wound Dressing Procedure and Prevention of Contamination and. Cross Infection. By: Chimwaza AF, MRN, MRN, Bsc (Hons) MSN Lecturer. Kachingwe-Sisya M., MRN, MRM. Bsc Nsg Edu. & Adm. MSN. Lecturer. Medical Surgical Nursing Department. Kamuzu College of Nursing. Blantyre. Malawi.

  16. CQ No. 25

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Francois Beukman (FB): I did a BA (Hons) and. MA (political science) at the University of. Stellenbosch and a ... change the way the ICD currently functions? FB: We are preparing for the implementation of the Act, which we ... so we have to advertise for these. We're going to add new talent and address the issue of gender.

  17. Factors present on admission associated with increased mortality in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    among low-, middle- and high-income countries, with demand exceed- ing capacity in many ... HIV has placed increased demands on health services in South. Africa (SA),[5] with many ... PG Dip Int Res Ethics; R J Hendricks,3 BComm Hons (Actuarial Science), Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries (FIA). 1 Department of ...

  18. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1972 Section: Engineering & Technology. Kumaraswamy, Ponnambalam B.E. (Hons). Date of birth: 4 October 1930. Date of death: 9 March 1988. Specialization: Hydraulics, Hydrology and Computer Simulation. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  19. 9 June 2016 - British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Minister of State H. Swire MP signing the guest book with CERN Director-General F. Gianotti.

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    The Rt Hon Hugo Swire MP Minister of State Foreign and Commonwealth Office United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; in the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with Beams Department Head P. Collier and in ATLAS Visitor Centre with ATLAS Collaboration Spokesperson D. Charlton.

  20. 77 FR 74182 - Records Governing Off-the-Record Communications; Public Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-13

    .... CP11-515-000 12-6-12 Thomas Salamone 3. CP11-515-000 12-6-12 Michael Mojica \\1\\ Exempt 1. CP13-8-000 11...-000 12-4-12 Kate Valdez \\1\\ Email record. \\2\\ Phone record. \\3\\ Email record. \\4\\ Hons. Rob Kane and...

  1. Retraction of published article The article with the following ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ACSS

    The article with the following particulars (A) has been retracted from publication in the African. Crop Science Journal due to later emergency of evidence that parts of its contents were earlier published in another article in The Crop Journal with particulars presented in (B) below: A: MD. Mokter Hossain, Hon-Ming Lam and ...

  2. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 1968 Section: Physics. Radhakrishnan, Prof. Venkataraman B.Sc. (Hons) Council Service: 1971-94; Treasurer: 1977-94. Date of birth: 18 May 1929. Date of death: 3 March 2011. Specialization: Astronomy, Astrophysics and Aeronautics Last known address: Raman Research Institute, CV Raman ...

  3. B P Radhakrishna (April 1918–January 2012)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    their own independence from foreign rule. People from all walks of life were realising that freedom was to become a reality soon and ... In 1937, BPR obtained a BSc (Hons) degree with a gold medal from Central College, Bengaluru. Soon after, at age 19, he joined the Mysore Geological Department as a field assistant and.

  4. Project Lifescape 8. Amphibians

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 5; Issue 7. Project Lifescape - Amphibians. R J Ranjit Daniels. Classroom Volume 5 Issue 7 July 2000 pp 71-85 ... Author Affiliations. R J Ranjit Daniels1. Hon. Secretary Chennai Snake Park Trust Rajbhavan Post Chennai 600 022, India.

  5. 100eme anniversaire de la théorie de la relativité Une BD romande : Mélanges Einstein (Albert) et l'histoire de la physique

    CERN Multimedia

    Tesnier, Grégory

    2005-01-01

    2005 has been delcared "Year of Physics" by UNESCO and ONU to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the theory of relativity, elaborated by Einstein (who lived in Bern). To hon. Einstein, an historical comic strip has been published (1 page)

  6. V Radhakrishnan

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Radhakrishnan, Prof. Venkataraman B.Sc. (Hons) Council Service: 1971-94; Treasurer: 1977-94. Date of birth: 18 May 1929. Date of death: 3 March 2011. Specialization: Astronomy, Astrophysics and Aeronautics Last known address: Raman Research Institute, CV Raman Avenue, Bengaluru 560 080. YouTube; Twitter ...

  7. Development of Toxicity Benchmarks for Nitrogen-based Energetic Materials for the Enchytraeid Worm, Enchytraeus crypticus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    oats spread onto the soil surface. If food from the previous feeding date remained on the soil surface, the amount of food added was adjusted. Every...138. Emery, E.F.; Junk , T.; Ferrell, R.E., Jr.; De Hon, R.; Butler, L.G. Solid-State 2 H MAS NMR Studies of TNT Absorption in Soil and Clays

  8. Enrico Fermi – The Complete Physicist

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ias

    Age' that ushered in the exploitation of nuclear energy both in its civil and military applications. He was hon- ..... much if not more of the labour and sweat in the experiments as his junior colleagues and students. In the period 1947–51, while the cyclotron was getting ready, a major component of Fermi's research was the-.

  9. Veeravalli Venkata Ranga Varadachari (1925-2007)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Murty, C.S.

    was born in 1925 into an orthodox family at Gutala, a small vil- lage on the banks of River Godavari in Andhra Pradesh. After going through primary and secondary education with excellence, VVR went on to receive B Sc (Hons.) degree in physics in 1948...

  10. Native American Languages Act. Hearing before the Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate. One Hundred Eighth Congress, First Session on S. 575 To Amend the Native American Languages Act To Provide for the Support of Native American Language Survival Schools (May 15, 2003).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs.

    This document includes statements given at this hearing by the following: William Y. Brown; John Cheek, Jennifer Chock; Rita Coosewon; David Dinwoodie; William Demmert, Jr.; Joycelyn DesRosier; Mary Hermes; Carla Herrera; Leanne Hinton; Holo Ho'opai; Hon. Daniel K. Inouye; Lawrence D. Kaplan; Keiki Kawaiaea; Rosalyn, LaPier; Lisa LaRonge; Vina…

  11. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    his education in Madras. He took his BA (Hons.) in. Mathematics from Loyola College in 1934 securing first class in the Madras University examination. Though ..... the music it produces? In 1964, Milnor showed that the eigenvalues cannot distinguish isometric manifolds. The idea of Minakshisundaram and Pleijel was to ...

  12. Prof. C. N. R. Rao | History | About IASc | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    _1991). Name: RAO, Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Elected 1965; Council Service: 1971-94; President: 1989-91; Vice-President: 1974-76, 1983-85; Secretary: 1977-82; Editor of Publi-cations 1983-88. Hon. Prof., IISC and Linus Pauling ...

  13. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Council Service: 1983-85. Date of birth: 21 February 1927. Date of death: 3 September 2007. Specialization: Radio & Space Science and Radio Communication Last known address: Hon. Scientist of Eminence, National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi 110 012. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  14. Preliminary Investigation of the Role of Cellular Immunity in Estrous Cycle Modulation of Post-Resection Breast Cancer Spread

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-08-01

    behavioral controls and/or daily light induced changes in melatonin or peripherally induced rhythms such as that resulting from feeding effects, may be...Kraemer HC, Spiegel D. Diurnal cortisol rhythm as a predictor of breast cancer survival. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000;92(12):994-1000. 48. Hon K, Zhang Q-H, Li H

  15. TEQSA Annual Report 2014-15

    Science.gov (United States)

    Australian Government Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency, 2015

    2015-01-01

    This report informs Senator the Hon. Simon Birmingham, Minister for Education and Training, the Parliament of Australia, the Australian higher education community and the general public about the performance of the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA or the Agency) during the financial year ending 30 June 2015. Prepared…

  16. H:\\PMKER 25(1)\\PDF 25(1)\\KIKOUN.xps

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AISA

    évolution de la richesse, de la pureté ..... Richesse au labo agro = 100 x Somme Tonnes ..... Sugar industry technologists ; NEW YORK, éd. S.I.T. 298 p. Hildebrand C., 2002. An independent assessment of the sugar industry. Report to the Hon Truss ...

  17. Integrating Research-Informed Teaching within an Undergraduate Level 4 (Year 1) Diagnostic Radiography Curriculum: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Robert; Hogg, Peter; Robinson, Leslie

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses the piloting and evaluation of the Research-informed Teaching experience (RiTe) project. The aim of RiTe was to link teaching and learning with research within an undergraduate diagnostic radiography curriculum. A preliminary pilot study of RiTe was undertaken with a group of level 4 (year 1) volunteer BSc (Hons) diagnostic…

  18. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1935 Section: Mathematical Sciences. Mahalanobis, Prasanta Chandra M.A. (Cantab), Hon. D.Sc. (Calcutta), FNA, FNASc. Date of birth: 29 June 1893. Date of death: 28 June 1972. Specialization: Statistics. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  19. Biology as an Integrating Natural Science Domain

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 13; Issue 3. Biology as an Integrating Natural Science Domain: A Proposal for BSc (Hons) in Integrated Biology. Kambadur Muralidhar. Classroom Volume 13 Issue 3 March 2008 pp 272-276 ...

  20. Multiyear survey targeting disease incidence in US honey bees

    Science.gov (United States)

    The US National Honey Bee Disease Survey sampled colony pests and diseases from 2009 to 2014. We verified the absence of Tropilaelaps spp., the Asian honey bee (Apis cerana), and slow bee paralysis virus. Endemic health threats were quantified, including Varroa destructor, Nosema spp., and eight hon...

  1. 76 FR 48933 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Notice of Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ..., HBAN, HBC, HD, HES, HGSI, HIG, HK, HL, HOG, HON, HOT, HPQ, HSY, IBM, IBN, INTC, IOC, IP, ITMN, IWM, IYR..., LO, LOW, LVS, M, MA, MBI, MCD, MCO, MCP, MDT, MDVN, MEE, MET, MGM, MJN, MMM, MMR, MNKD, MNX, MO, MON...

  2. Prof. O. Siddiqi | History | About IASc | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    O. Siddiqi. President from 1986 to 1988. Prof._O._Siddiqi_(1986_-_1988). Name: SIDDIQI, Obaid Elected 1968; Council Service: 1974-91; President: 1986-88; Vice-President: 1983-85. Hon. Professor, TIFR National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bengaluru Date of birth: 7 January 1932, Basti, Uttar Pradesh Date of death: ...

  3. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Liou, Tsan-Hon. Vol 35, No 2 (2013) - Articles Effect of a 12-week pilates course on body composition and cardiopulmonary fitness of adults living in an urban community. Abstract. ISSN: 0379-9069. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL ...

  4. 75 FR 70344 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... export of defense articles sold commercially under contract in the amount of $1,000,000 or more. The..., 2010 (Transmittal No. DDTC 09-103.) Hon. Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Dear..., certification of a proposed amendment to a manufacturing license agreement for the export of defense articles...

  5. 40 CFR 63.1106 - Wastewater provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 10 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.1106 Section... Technology Standards § 63.1106 Wastewater provisions. (a) Process wastewater. Except as specified in... source shall comply with the HON process wastewater requirements in §§ 63.132 through 63.148. (1) When...

  6. The Enigmatic Nature of the Israeli Legal System

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MJM Venter

    important conceptual instruments in support of the arguments developed in this article are clarified. Thereafter, in part 4 I concisely posit, without arguing in detail, the basic thesis on the factual dimension of law. The thesis casts doubt on the claims of the. *. Koos Malan. BA Hons (UP), BIur LLB LLD (UNISA) Professor of ...

  7. Atoms – How Small, and How Large!

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Atoms – How Small, and How Large! K N Joshipura. Keywords. Atomic radius, quantum me- chanical expectation, periodic table, polarizability, van der. Waals radii, metastable atoms. K N Joshipura has recently retired as a. Professor of Physics, and. Hon. Director of a. Community Science Centre at Sardar Patel University.

  8. Aircraft Survivability: Space Survivability - Time to Get Serious, Summer 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Netherlands, 3–6 June 2002. 3. Pettit , Patricia A., “Incendiary Functioning Characteristics of Soviet API Projectiles Impacting Graphite/Epoxy Composite...joins a distinguished list of previous recipients, including Mr. Walt Hollis (2000), the Hon. Philip Coyle III (2001), Mr. G. Thomas Castino (2002

  9. clinic at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital could safely

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Memorial Children's Hospital and University of Cape Town. M Power, BSc Hons. MS SCh. MD. R EIs. MSChB. J Mostert MB ChB, MMed. Health Systems Division, Centre for Epidemiological Research in. Southern Africa, Medical Research .... study form was printed on blue paper to make it easily distinguishable from the ...

  10. Foraging behavior of the Blue Morpho and other tropical butterflies: The chemical and electrophysiological basis of olfactory preferences and the role of color

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inside a live butterfly exhibit housing a variety of tropical butterfly species under north-central Florida ambient conditions, we conducted bioassays to determine whether the presence of color would facilitate the location of attractants by the butterflies. In two separate bioassays, the baits (hon...

  11. Biology as an Integrating Natural Science Domain A Proposal for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 13; Issue 3. Biology as an Integrating Natural Science Domain: A Proposal for BSc (Hons) in Integrated Biology. Kambadur Muralidhar. Classroom Volume 13 Issue 3 March 2008 pp 272-276 ...

  12. Prof. P. Rama Rao | History | About IASc | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    BSc. Hons. 56, MA 57; Andhra Univ.: MSc. 57; BHU, Varanasi: PhD. 64. Career: IISC, Bengaluru, Dept. of Metallurgy: Sr. Res. Asst 60-62; BHU, Varanasi, Dept. of Metallurgical Engg.: Lecturer 62-67, Reader 67-75, Prof. 75-82; Defence Metallurgical Res. Lab., Hyderabad: Director 82-91; Govt. of India, Dept. of Sc. and Tech.

  13. Evaluation of Health on the Net seal label and DISCERN as content quality indicators for patients seeking information about thumb sucking habit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shital Kiran, D P; Bargale, Seema; Pandya, Parth; Bhatt, Kuntal; Barad, Nirav; Shah, Nilay; Venkataraghavan, Karthik; Ramesh, K

    2015-08-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of websites on the thumb sucking habit using DISCERN instrument and Health on the Net (HON) seal code at a single moment in time. An Internet search engine (www.google.com) was used to identify websites comprising information on "thumb sucking habit." Of over 204,000 links for thumb sucking habit, the first 100 were analyzed in detail. After excluding discussion groups, news and video feeds, and removing carbon copy sites, only 36 relevant websites remained, which were then assessed using the DISCERN instrument and HON seal code. Using the 16 questions of DISCERN for assessing the reliability and quality of the consumer information which were scored from 1 to 5, an appropriate index of the quality of the information was generated. All the assessed websites were also checked for presence or absence of HON seal code. The maximum score attainable for an outstanding website is 80. Of the 36 websites that were scored the highest score obtained by one of the websites according to the DISCERN tool was 55 of 80, and the lowest score achieved was 16 of 80. The websites achieving the maximum and minimum score were children.webmd.com and thebehaviorsolution.com, respectively. The HON seal was displayed only in three websites, which were medicinenet.com, righthealth.com, and children.webmd.com. By directing patients to validated websites on the thumb sucking habit, clinicians can ensure patients find appropriate information.

  14. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2. 3-year D.Math. (Hons.): Successful completion of 10+2 years of secondary education or equivalent with Mathematics and. English. Stipend Rs.500/- per month. 3. 2-year M.Stat.: 3-year Bachelor's degree with Statistics or Mathematics as a full subject, but those without Statistics must have outstanding mathematical ability.

  15. Jntroduction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Computer Graphics Principles and Practice. Addison-Wesiey Publishing Company. 2nd edition. New York. Faux, L. D . and Pratt. M , J (1979) Computational Geometry for Design and. Manufacture. E!iis HonJVood Limited. Chichester. West Sussex. England. Fann. G (2002) Curves and Surfaces for CAGD Academic Press.

  16. The Honeybee Dance-Language Controversy

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The fact that honey bees have a dance language that is unparalleled in the ... The waggle dance has been shown to convey Infor- mation on the distance between the colony and the food, the. dlrecHon In which the food source Is located as well as ... vocal tract, taken together with our superior brains that permit us to detect ...

  17. Ostomy Home Skills Program

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Canada) International Fellows Associate Fellows Residents Medical Students Affiliate Members ACS Insurance Programs ACS Discount Programs FACS Resources Career Connection Update ...

  18. Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Canada) International Fellows Associate Fellows Residents Medical Students Affiliate Members ACS Insurance Programs ACS Discount Programs FACS Resources Career Connection Update ...

  19. Flow accelerated corrosion in Indian nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roychowdhury, S.; Ahmedabadi, P.; Kain, V.; Barua, D.K.

    2008-01-01

    Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) related failures have occurred in a large number of pipelines in the secondary as well as primary section of light water reactors worldwide. This is primarily a corrosion process enhanced by (electro) chemical dissolution and mass transfer, rather than a mechanical process. FAC is an extension of the generalized carbon steel corrosion process in stagnant water. The mechanism of FAC has been described in this paper. It has caused rupture of large, medium and small diameter pipelines carrying either single phase water or two phase (wet steam) flow. It is reported to be the only mechanism that has significant potential for large leaks in the secondary circuit. This paper describes the various FAC related incidents that have occurred in the secondary as well as primary side of Indian Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors. Failure analysis done on the 10% feed water line in KAPS, NRV in auxiliary feed water system of KAPS, and affected pipeline components from the secondary water system of KGS has been described in this paper. The surface features observed (the signature of FAC) on the ID of the pipelines affected by FAC in the primary and the secondary circuits of nuclear reactors have been described. Signatures of FAC, both single phase FAC and dual phase FAC related failures and the signature pattern formed on the surfaces in both the primary and the secondary circuit of the Indian nuclear power plants have been described in this paper. (author)

  20. Synthesis of TiO₂/Fly Ash Cenospheres by Sol-Gel Method and Their Photacatalytic Activities Under Visible Light.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhi-Huan; Liu, Wen-Hui; Xue, Yong-Qiang; Yin, Shu

    2018-05-01

    Fly ash is a solid waste discharged from thermal power plant. Specific surface area of floating fly ash cenospheres (FACs) would increase after it was modified. The photocatalytic composite of TiO2/FACs was successfully synthesized by sol-gel method using the carrier of modified FACs and tetrabutyl titanate as starting materials. The different influence factors on the photocatalytic performance of TiO2/FACs composites were characterized through SEM, EDS, XRD, UV-vis DRS and BET surface measurements. The UV-vis DRS spectra revealed that the absorption edge of TiO2 is 387 nm while that of TiO2/FACs photocatalysts red-shifts to 500 nm. Photocatalytic activity of TiO2/FACs was evaluated by the photocatalytic depigmentation of methyl orange solution (MO, 20 mg L-1, pH = 6.3) under visible light irradiation. It was found that the specific surface area, surface roughness and activity of FACs were increased by NaOH solution activation. The degradation rate of MO reaches 52% in 180 min under the visible light illumination. But too much FACs could decrease its photocatalytic activity and degradation rate. And the recovery test indicated that TiO2/FACs photocatalyst was rather stable, easy to recover from the treated wastewater.

  1. Synthesis of fly ash cenosphere/polyaniline and mullite/polyaniline core–shell composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Wei; Li, Qin; Wang, Bing; Xu, Xiao-Tian; Zhai, Jian-Ping

    2012-01-01

    The fly ash cenospheres (FACs) were pretreated with γ-aminopropyltriethoxy silane (APS), and the outward amino groups are favorable to the following in situ growth of polyaniline as a conducting polymer layer on the surfaces of FACs to form FAC/polyaniline core–shell structural composites. Mullite/polyaniline composites were also fabricated by further converting the FACs to mullite. The as-prepared samples were characterized by zeta potential measurements, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, as well as thermogravimetric analyses. The results of this study indicate that FACs can be successfully modified by APS, and that due to the action of APS, uniform and continuous polymer layer in the FAC/polyaniline composites was obtained under the given in situ polymerization condition. After dipping in 2.0% HF solution for 1h, the FAC cores changed into porous mullite so as to prepare mullite/polyaniline composites. -- Highlights: ► Silane agent is used for effective adhesion between fly ash cenospheres and polyaniline. ► The FAC/polyaniline core–shell composite is fabricated. ► The mullite/polyaniline composites with a porous core structure is also prepared. ► Dipping in 2.0% HF solution for 1h, the FAC cores changed into porous mullite.

  2. IMF By-Related Cusp Currents Observed from the Ørsted Satellite and from Ground

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stauning, P.; Primdahl, Fritz; Watermann, J.

    2001-01-01

    Orsted is the first satellite to conduct high-precision magnetometer observations from low-altitude noonmidnight orbits passing through the polar cusp regions. Field-aligned currents (FAC) derived from Orsted magnetic field measurements have been combined with ionospheric current patterns inferred...... statistical analysis defines for the noon region the variations in FAC latitude with IMF B-Z. Comparisons with the statistical cusp location indicate that the more equatorward region of IMF B-gamma-while the more B related FAC is located on field lines closing at the dayside poleward FAC are on "open" field...

  3. The low-latitude boundary layer at mid-altitiudes: Relation to large-scale Birkeland currents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Woch, J.; Yamauchi, M.; Lundin, R.; Potemra, T.A.; Zanetti, L.J.

    1993-01-01

    In this work the authors seek to test a projected relationship between the low latitude boundary layer (LLBL) and field aligned currents (FAC), or Birkeland currents. They use the procedure developed by Woch and Lundin for identifying LLBL boundaries. They look for correlations between properties of the FAC and properties of the LLBL. Their results show that in most cases the FAC observed are totally inside the region which exhibits LLBL plasma precipitation. The authors argue that within the biases to their data because of its source, and relative sensitivities, their conclusions support earlier work which argues for the LLBL acting as a source region for FAC features

  4. Dollar Summary of Federal Supply Classification and Service Category by Company, FY83, Part 6 (W061-Z299).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    RENT OF FAC /FUEL SUPPLY 29 X299 AUTO TECHNIQUE BELGIQUE S A BELGIUM ARMY LEASE-RENT OF FAC /OTHER NON-BLDG STRUCT 31 HOFFMAN CO VIRGINIA ARMY LEASE...HARRISON & PALMI RIDGE ELECTRICAL E INC MISSOURI ARMY CONSTR: CONSTRUCTION/PARFING FACILITIES $ 123 SUSSEX ELECTRICO C MARYLAND ARMY CONSTR: CONSTRUCTION

  5. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas), A4408FVY Salta, Argentina; Fac. Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de Salta, A4408FVY Salta, Argentina; Fac. Cs. Exactas, Universidad Nacional de Salta, A4408FVY Salta, Argentina ...

  6. Project CHECO Southeast Asia Report. Control of Airstrikes, January 1967 - December 1968

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-06-30

    27 The Ravens ............................................ 28 Night FACs - Blindbat and Candlestick , Nail and Covey . 32... Chart displays showing working areas for the next frag date, 36 to 48 hours ahead, along with general fragging of FACs and armed reconnaissance...Nhut AB, also pointed this out. They indicated that by trial and error, and help from the Aeronautical Chart and Information Center (ACIC) people

  7. 77 FR 44066 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-60; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-26

    ... the analyst whose name appears in the table below. Please cite FAC 2005-60 and the FAR case number... 202- 501-4755. List of Rules in FAC 2005-60 Item Subject FAR Case Analyst I Reporting Executive 2008-039 Clark. Compensation and First-Tier Subcontract Awards. II Payments Under Time-and- 2011-003...

  8. 78 FR 38537 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-68; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-26

    ... the analyst whose name appears in the table below. Please cite FAC 2005-68 and the FAR case number... 202- 501-4755. Rule Listed in FAC 2005-68 Subject FAR Case Analyst *Expansion of Applicability of the Senior Executive Compensation 2012-017 Chambers. Benchmark (Interim). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Summary...

  9. 76 FR 4187 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-49; Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-24

    ...; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-49; Introduction AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD), General Services..., GSA, and NASA in this Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-49. A companion document, the Small... FAR case. Please cite FAC 2005-49 and the specific FAR case number. For information pertaining to...

  10. Embryonic factor 1 encodes an AMP deaminase and is essential for the zygote to embryo transition in Arabidopsis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xu, J.; Zhang, H.Y.; Xue, H.W.; Dijkhuis, P.; Liu, C.M.

    2005-01-01

    Fusion of the egg and the sperm cells in plants produces a zygote that develops into an embryo. Screening of ethyl methanesulfonate-mutagenized populations of Arabidopsis led to the identification of EMBRYONIC FACTOR 1 (FAC1), a locus that gives a zygote-lethal phenotype when mutated. The FAC1 gene

  11. Extension Agent Knowledge and Programming Behaviors Regarding Healthy Lifestyles Education in Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Dana R.; Fuhrman, Nicholas E.; Duncan, Dennis W.; Hanula, Gail M.

    2015-01-01

    Healthy lifestyles education (HLE) is defined as nutrition and physical activity education aimed at controlling or preventing serious health issues. The purpose of the study reported here was to determine knowledge and behaviors of Extension Family and Consumer Sciences (FACS) and 4-H agents concerning HLE. Eighty-five and 86% of FACS and 4-H…

  12. Influence of Functionalized Pyridine Ligands on the Radio/Chemical Behavior of [MI(CO)3]+ (M = Re and 99mTc) 2 + 1 Complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    While a number of chelate strategies have been developed for the organometallic precursor fac-[M (OH2)3(CO)3]+ (M = Re, 99mTc), a unique challenge has been to improve the overall function and performance of these complexes for in vivo and in vitro applications. Since its synthesis, the fac-[M (CO)3]...

  13. 75 FR 14067 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-40; Small Entity Compliance Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-23

    ... Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-40; Small Entity Compliance Guide AGENCIES... the summary of the rule appearing in Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-40 which amends the... rule by referring to FAC 2005-40 which precedes this document. These documents are also available via...

  14. Flow Accelerated Corrosion: Effect of Water Chemistry and Database Construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Eun Hee; Kim, Kyung Mo; Lee, Gyeong Geun; Kim, Dong Jin

    2016-01-01

    Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) of carbon steel piping in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) has been a major issue in nuclear industry. Severe accidents at Surry Unit 2 in 1986 and Mihama Unit 3 in 2004 initiated the world wide interest in this area. FAC is a dissolution process of the protective oxide layer on carbon steel or low-alloy steel when these parts are exposed to flowing water (single-phase) or wet steam (two-phase). In a single-phase flow, a scalloped, wavy, or orange peel and in a two-phase flow, tiger striping is observed, respectively. FAC is affected by many parameters, like material composition, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), flow velocity, system pressure, and steam quality. This paper describes the water chemistry factors influencing on FAC and the database is then constructed using literature data. In order to minimize FAC in NPPs, the optimal method is to control water chemistry parameters. However, quantitative data about FAC have not been published for proprietary reason even though qualitative behaviors of FAC have been well understood. A database was constructed using experimental data in literature. Accurate statistical analysis will be performed using this database to identify the relationship between the FAC rate and test environment

  15. An evaluation of the accuracy of labeling of percent sodium hypochlorite on various commercial and professional sources: is sodium hypochlorite from these sources equally suitable for endodontic irrigation?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Waal, S.V.; van Dusseldorp, N.E.; de Soet, J.J.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction The shelf life of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is limited, and a previous article showed that there can be a discrepancy between the expected concentration of free available chlorine (FAC) and the actual FAC concentration in NaOCl solutions intended for endodontic irrigation. The current

  16. Correlation between flow accelerated corrosion and wall shear stress downstream from an orifice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Utanohara, Yoichi; Nakamura, Akira; Murase, Michio; Kamahori, Koichi; Nagaya, Yukinori

    2013-01-01

    Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) thinning rate downstream from an orifice was measured under different velocity conditions in a high-temperature water test loop to understand the effects of flow velocity on FAC thinning rate. The FAC tendency differed downstream and upstream from the orifice. The metal loss increased linearly with time downstream from the orifice, though metal loss rate gradually decreased with time upstream. FAC rate increased as flow velocity increased, particularly from 1D to 3D. The maximum FAC thinning rate increased in proportional to the 0.51th power of the mean cross-sectional velocity in this experiment. The root mean square (RMS) of wall shear stress predicted by large eddy simulation (LES) had a clear relationship with FAC thinning rate. This result indicated that FAC thinning rate can be described as a function of the wall shear stress. Additionally, the mass transfer coefficient estimated from the RMS of wall shear stress had an almost linear correlation with FAC thinning rate. (author)

  17. Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Affiliate Members ACS Insurance Programs ACS Discount Programs FACS Resources Career Connection Update Your Profile Member Communities ... 202-5000 (F) 312-202-5001 (E) postmaster@facs.org Copyright © 1996-2018 by the American College ...

  18. Influence of ethanol-amine injection on flow accelerated corrosion rate in pressurized water reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fukumura, Takuya; Arioka, Koji

    2007-01-01

    Some pressurized water reactor (PWR) plants have introduced ethanol-amine (ETA) injection for the purpose of decreasing iron transfer in steam generator (SG). The ETA injection is supposed to decrease flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) rate, because of secondary system pH increase. But the water chemistry in the secondary system is very complicated. So water chemistry following ETA injection and the effect of ETA injection on FAC rate have not been studied systematically. To assess the influence of ETA injection on FAC rate, it is assumed that the model of FAC rate is proportional to the concentration gradient of magnetite. Then chemical concentration and magnetite solubility of the secondary system are calculated and the change of FAC rate is evaluated in the outline. It has been clarified that the effect of ETA injection reduces the FAC rate to about 1/3-1/22 of that of ammonia. In some portions of the secondary system, the effects of ETA injection have been measured experimentally by rotary disk test. The FAC rate of ETA injection is larger than that of ammonia at high temperature. And the FAC rate peaks at about 180degC in the case of ammonia, but the peak seems to shift to higher temperatures in the case of ETA. (author)

  19. Research Article

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 janv. 2017 ... Agronomy Departement, Fac. Lif. 2. Ecology and Biology Department, Fac. 3. National Center for Seed and Plants Contr. Received: 05 September 2016 / Accepted: 1. ABSTRACT. This research was conducted to screen populations of bread wheat (Triticum aesti. The results indicated the presence of suffic.

  20. Is visuospatial hemineglect longitudinally associated with postural imbalance in the postacute phase of stroke?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nes, van I.C.; Kessel, van M.E.; Schils, F.; Fasotti, L.; Geurts, A.C.; Kwakkel, G.

    2009-01-01

    15%. RESULTS: Visuospatial hemineglect was significantly associated with BBS and FAC. The relation between hemineglect and both BBS and FAC was confounded by severity of paresis of the lower limb. After controlling for severity of paresis, hemineglect remained independently associated with BBS,

  1. Ostomy Home Skills Program

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Affiliate Members ACS Insurance Programs ACS Discount Programs FACS Resources Career Connection Update Your Profile Member Communities ... 202-5000 (F) 312-202-5001 (E) postmaster@facs.org Copyright © 1996-2018 by the American College ...

  2. Experiment list: SRX1131949 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pre-PB || cell sorting strategy=CD138–GFP+CD22- FACS-sorted || chip antibody=H3K2.../6 || genotype/background=Blimp1(GFP/+) || cell preparation=4-day LPS stimulation, FACS sorted || cell type=

  3. 78 FR 37692 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Contracting With Women-Owned Small Business Concerns

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-21

    ... considered in the formulation of a final rule. ADDRESSES: Submit comments identified by FAC 2005-67, FAR Case... ADMINISTRATION 48 CFR Part 19 [FAC 2005-67; FAR Case 2013-010; Item VII; Docket 2013-0010, Sequence 1] RIN 9000-AM59 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Contracting With Women-Owned Small Business Concerns AGENCY...

  4. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-07-26

    Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones. Científicas y Técnicas), A4408FVY Salta, Argentina. 2Fac. Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de Salta, A4408FVY Salta, Argentina. 3Fac. Cs. Exactas, Universidad Nacional de Salta, A4408FVY ...

  5. Characterization of hexadecyltrimethylammonium-organoclay and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas), A4408FVY Salta, Argentina; Fac. Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de Salta, A4408FVY Salta, Argentina; Fac. Cs. Exactas, Universidad Nacional de Salta, A4408FVY Salta, Argentina ...

  6. Field-aligned currents' scale analysis performed with the Swarm constellation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lühr, Hermann; Park, Jaeheung; Gjerløv, Jesper Wittendorff

    2015-01-01

    We present a statistical study of the temporal- and spatial-scale characteristics of different field-aligned current (FAC) types derived with the Swarm satellite formation. We divide FACs into two classes: small-scale, up to some 10 km, which are carried predominantly by kinetic Alfve´n waves...

  7. Backup_of_7. The Prevalence of Kidney Dysfunction and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    hypertension in HIV cART naïve individuals and those found to be hypertensive should be further investigated for renal dysfunction prior to initiation of cART. .... CD4 T-cell counts were performed using flow cytometry using a. Becton Dickinson Facs Count machine with BD. TM. Facs Count Reagent . Hematology panel was.

  8. Flow Accelerated Corrosion: Effect of Water Chemistry and Database Construction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Eun Hee; Kim, Kyung Mo; Lee, Gyeong Geun; Kim, Dong Jin [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) of carbon steel piping in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) has been a major issue in nuclear industry. Severe accidents at Surry Unit 2 in 1986 and Mihama Unit 3 in 2004 initiated the world wide interest in this area. FAC is a dissolution process of the protective oxide layer on carbon steel or low-alloy steel when these parts are exposed to flowing water (single-phase) or wet steam (two-phase). In a single-phase flow, a scalloped, wavy, or orange peel and in a two-phase flow, tiger striping is observed, respectively. FAC is affected by many parameters, like material composition, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), flow velocity, system pressure, and steam quality. This paper describes the water chemistry factors influencing on FAC and the database is then constructed using literature data. In order to minimize FAC in NPPs, the optimal method is to control water chemistry parameters. However, quantitative data about FAC have not been published for proprietary reason even though qualitative behaviors of FAC have been well understood. A database was constructed using experimental data in literature. Accurate statistical analysis will be performed using this database to identify the relationship between the FAC rate and test environment.

  9. Estudio de Clamydia psittaci mediante inmunomicroscopía electrónica / Antonio J. Buendía Marín ; director Jesús Salinas Lorente, Joaquín Sánchez Campillo.

    OpenAIRE

    Buendía Marín, Antonio Julian

    1998-01-01

    Tesis-Universidad de Murcia. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. ARCHIVO UNIVERSITARIO. T.M.-1679. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Departamentos. E002B TESIS 80. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Sala de estudio. Tesis-V 110.

  10. F-Area Acid/Caustic Basin groundwater monitoring report. Second quarter 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-09-01

    During second quarter 1994, samples from the FAC monitoring wells at the F-Area Acid/Caustic Basin were collected and analyzed for herbicides/pesticides, indicator parameters, metals, nitrate, radionuclide indicators, volatile organic compounds, and other constituents. Piezometer FAC 5P and monitoring well FAC 6 were dry and could not be sampled. Analytical results that exceeded final Primary Drinking Water Standards (PDWS), other Savannah River Site (SRS) Flag 2 criteria, or the SRS turbidity standard of 50 NTU during the quarter were as follows: gross alpha exceeded the final PDWS and aluminum, iron, manganese, and total organic halogens exceeded the SRS Flag 2 criteria in one or more of the FAC wells. Turbidity exceeded the SRS standard in well FAC 3. Groundwater flow direction and rate in the water table beneath the F-Area Acid/Caustic Basin were similar to past quarters

  11. F-Area Acid/Caustic Basin groundwater monitoring report. Second quarter 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-09-01

    During second quarter 1994, samples from the FAC monitoring wells at the F-Area Acid/Caustic Basin were collected and analyzed for herbicides/pesticides, indicator parameters, metals, nitrate, radionuclide indicators, volatile organic compounds, and other constituents. Piezometer FAC 5P and monitoring well FAC 6 were dry and could not be sampled. Analytical results that exceeded final Primary Drinking Water Standards (PDWS), other Savannah River Site (SRS) Flag 2 criteria, or the SRS turbidity standard of 50 NTU during the quarter were as follows: gross alpha exceeded the final PDWS and aluminum, iron, manganese, and total organic halogens exceeded the SRS Flag 2 criteria in one or more of the FAC wells. Turbidity exceeded the SRS standard in well FAC 3. Groundwater flow direction and rate in the water table beneath the F-Area Acid/Caustic Basin were similar to past quarters.

  12. Variations of thermal electron energy distribution associated with field-aligned currents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oyama, Kohichiro; Fukunishi, Hiroshi; Abe, Takumi; Okuzawa, Takashi; Fujii, Ryoichi.

    1991-01-01

    Relationships between thermal electrons and field aligned currents (FACs) in the auroral region have been investigated using data simultaneously obtained from the Thermal Electron Detector (TED) and the fluxgate magnetometer both onboard the EXOS-D satellite. Several features resulted from the observations are summarized as; (1) At altitudes from 300 to 1,800km, electron temperature in the upward FAC region is higher than that of the neighboring no FAC region by the increment ΔT=1,100-9,500K, while the temperature is lower in the downward FAC region by the decrement -ΔT=500-1,500K. (2) The electron temperature increase in the upward-current region grows with an increase of the FAC density. (3) The thermal electrons do not have Maxwell distribution in the upward-current region at altitudes higher than about 2,000km

  13. Field-aligned current signatures during the March 13-14, 1989, great magnetic storm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujii, R.; Fukunishi, H.; Kokubun, S.; Sugiura, M.; Tohyama, F.; Hayakawa, H.; Tsuruda, K.; Okada, T.

    1992-01-01

    Characteristics of field-aligned currents (FACs) in the evening and morning regions during the March 13-14, 1989, great magnetic storm have been determined using magnetic and electric field data obtained from the EXOS D spacecraft. This storm began with an SSC at 0128 UT on March 13, and the second SSC occurred at 0747 UT on the same day. The storm continued until March 14. The equatorward boundary of the FAC region began to move equatorward right after the first SSC in both the evening and morning sectors, but the poleward boundary did not immediately respond to the SSC. The equatorward boundary of the FAC system reached as low as below 48 degree invariant latitude, which corresponds to L = 2.2, and the latitudinal width of the FAC region increased greatly, particularly in the morning sector (∼33 degree in invariant latitude). In the evening sector the conventional current system characterized by a pair of upward region 1 and downward region 2 FACs changed into complicated patterns consisting of many pairs of upward and downward FACs with the development of the storm, particularly around 22 UT on March 13 when an intense eastward electrojet was observed as low as 50 degree invariant latitude on the ground. In the morning sector an additional large-scale upward FAC was observed poleward of the conventional downward region 1 and upward region 2 FAC system throughout the storm. In addition, a pair of FACs with a narrow latitudinal width (∼1.5 degree) was observed at the poleward boundary of the extra upward FAC

  14. Swarm observation of field-aligned current and electric field in multiple arc systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, J.; Knudsen, D. J.; Gillies, M.; Donovan, E.; Burchill, J. K.

    2017-12-01

    It is often thought that auroral arcs are a direct consequence of upward field-aligned currents. In fact, the relation between currents and brightness is more complicated. Multiple auroral arc systems provide and opportunity to study this relation in detail. In this study, we have identified two types of FAC configurations in multiple parallel arc systems using ground-based optical data from the THEMIS all-sky imagers (ASIs), magnetometers and electric field instruments onboard the Swarm satellites during the period from December 2013 to March 2015. In type 1 events, each arc is an intensification within a broad, unipolar current sheet and downward currents only exist outside the upward current sheet. These types of events are termed "unipolar FAC" events. In type 2 events, multiple arc systems represent a collection of multiple up/down current pairs, which are termed as "multipolar FAC" events. Comparisons of these two types of FAC events are presented with 17 "unipolar FAC" events and 12 "multipolar FAC" events. The results show that "unipolar FAC" and "multipolar FAC" events have systematic differences in terms of MLT, arc width and separation, and dependence on substorm onset time. For "unipolar FAC" events, significant electric field enhancements are shown on the edges of the broad upward current sheet. Electric field fluctuations inside the multiple arc system can be large or small. For "multipolar FAC" events, a strong correlation between magnetic and electric field indicate uniform conductance within each upward current sheet. The electrodynamical structures of multiple arc systems presented in this paper represents a step toward understanding arc generation.

  15. Effect of water chemistry on flow accelerated corrosion rate of carbon steel measured by on-line corrosion-monitoring system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujiwara, K.; Domae, M.; Yoneda, K.; Inada, F.

    2010-01-01

    Flow Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) of carbon steel is one of the most important subjects in coolant systems of power plants. FAC is influenced by material, flow condition, temperature, and water chemistry. Iron and chromium solubility should be the most effective factor to determine the effect of water chemistry on the FAC. It is very important to evaluate the correlation between the solubility and the FAC rate of the carbon steel. In the present study, the effects of pH and Cr concentration of material on the FAC rate of carbon steel were evaluated by using high temperature loop equipment with on-line corrosion-monitoring system. Effect of dissolved oxygen concentration at pH 7 was also evaluated. The experimental FAC rates were compared with the calculation result, which was obtained from a FAC model developed previously by the authors' group. The tube specimens made of STPT 480 carbon steel were used for the FAC tests. The Cr concentration of STPT 480 was specially adjusted to 0.001 and 0.08 %. The inner diameters of the tubes were 1.6, 2.4, and 3.2 mm. The solutions were fed to the specimens with the flow rate of 1.5 l/min. The temperature of the solution at the specimen was controlled at 140 o C. Test solutions were demineralized water or NH 3 solutions of pH 8.0, 9.2, and 10.0. The increase in pH more than 9 decreased the FAC rates of both 0.001 and 0.08 % Cr specimens at 140 o C. Increase of the Cr concentration of the material decreased the FAC rate in the solution of pH 7.0, 8.0, 9.2, and 10.0. The FAC model reproduced well dependence of the experimental FAC behavior on water chemistry. It was confirmed that effect of pH and Cr concentration of material on the FAC rate were closely related to the solubility and diffusion of iron and chromium. (author)

  16. An interview with Dr. Judith Shamian, president, International Council of Nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagle, Lynn; Shamian, Judith

    2014-03-01

    Judith Shamian, RN, PhD, LLD (hon), D.Sci (hon), FAAN, is the president of the International Council of Nurses (ICN). Previous positions include immediate past president and CEO of the Victorian Order of Nurses, immediate past President of the Canadian Nurses Association (CNA), executive director of the Office of Nursing Policy at Health Canada and vice-president of nursing at Mount Sinai Hospital. She is the recipient of numerous awards including the Canada's Most Powerful Women: Top 100 award; the Golden Jubilee Medal from the Governor General of Canada; and CNA's 2008 Centennial Award. From my mentor, colleague and friend here are some insights shared with CJNL about her current work and challenges

  17. Between a rock and a hard place: the science of geosequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-08-15

    The report examines the science of carbon capture and storage (CCS), the environmental and economic benefits and risks of CCS, and the legislative regimes necessary for its future use. The report also considers ways in which Australian industry can capture market applications from further research into and demonstration of CCS technology. Chapter titles are: Introduction; Climatic change, coal and CCS; Carbon capture and storage; Australian carbon capture and storage demonstration projects; The environmental benefits and risks of carbon capture and storage and public perception; The economic benefits and costs of carbon capture and storage; Legislative and regulatory framework; Positioning Australian industry to capture possible market applications; and Dissenting report (PDF 211 KB) by Dennis Jensen MP, Hon. Jackie Kelly, MP, Hon Danna Vale MP and David Tollner MP. 4 apps.

  18. dankbaar gebruik moet maak. SU ZuiDEMA, Ons ^ye&ecf, T. Wever ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    God in Zichzelf." Dit lyk haas of die skrywer nie instem met die aloude dogmatise reël opera exferna sunf ind:t?:'sa (vgl. Z,:%y p. 107-109). Al lesende het die resensent telkens moet dink aan 'n dag in 1945 toe die skrywer in die aangesig van die dood vir die resensent en hon- derde lotgenote in die gebed voorgegaan het.

  19. The Hold and Release Practice: A New Way into Meditation and Mindfulness

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, E

    2015-01-01

    I initially developed the ‘Hold and Release Practice’ (HRP) whilst working with enhanced-care service users in the NHS and private practice (between 2005-2009). The HRP was subsequently developed and introduced to BA(Hons) Psychology & Society undergraduates between (2011-2014) and to Interdisciplinary Psychology MA students at Leeds Metropolitan University (2013-2014), and to over 100 participants at various ‘Yoga Manchester – Meditation for Beginners’ workshops (from 2013 onwards). More rec...

  20. U.S. EPA, Pesticide Product Label, CSA HORSE FLY SPRAY & RUB ON, 09/20/1982

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-14

    ... I 1.,::0 C.!td ... irA';Y· '~~I, HonSE flY SPIIlY & RUB O ... ~ . I~ li"'t1, .,"I,IofIl,'1I""r, "',, I', ,'.N: Ihoro¥~·'II~e:Jjr~ ~s '!l1S U!l1tf berl, ~IIP'" t.:lt II ft"~.J s .... ,I ...

  1. Cотрудничество между бизнесом и парламентом станет эффективнее

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.

    2006-01-01

    This magazine article presents the International Association of Business and Parliament-Moldova (IABP-Moldova) that was launched in Moldova to facilitate a transparent, non-partizan, open dialogue between the Parliament and the business community. One of the objectives of IABP-Moldova...... is to establish and strengthen good governance and social dialogue principles. The article features Romeo V. Turcan, Executive Director of IABP-Moldova; Maria Postoico, Deputy Speaker; Rt Hon Bruce George MP, IABP Chairman....

  2. Pilát v historii a teologii evangelií

    OpenAIRE

    Hon, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Pilate in History and Theology of the Gospels, Jan Hon The Apostles' Creed or simply "Creed" says: "suffered under Pontius Pilate". Such formulation can be interpreted once as timestamp - he suffered in the time of Pontius Pilate. In Czech, but also in Latin it also sounds, that he suffered by his endeavour and by his will. The creed does not mention the high priest Caiaphas, the council (Sanhedrin) or the betrayal. Some people, Christians or non-Christians think the formulation could appear ...

  3. Cervical cytology screening - knowledge, attitudes and practice in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    commonly reported facility where Pap tests were known to be done. The majority ... third of interviewees reported haVing had a Pap test. (37.2%; 95% Cl ... Ross Bailie. M.B. CH.8.• M.PHIL (M.C.H.), M.O. \\COMM. HEALTH). William Pick. M.a. CH.B.• M.MED.. O.T.M..&H.. O.P.H.. Dj Cooper, a.soc. SGt. BA HONS. PH.O. SAMJ.

  4. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 751 - 800 of 1000 ... M. D. Doumbia, A. Sidibé, A. Bagayoko, M. A. Diarra, A. Bationo, R. A. Kablan, R. S. Yost, L. R. Hossner, F. M. Hons. Vol 22 (2014): Supplement, Recovery of amiRNA3-PARP1 transgenic maize plants using a binary vector having the biosafe PMI Gene, Abstract PDF. JM Matheka, AO Rasha, S Anami, ...

  5. A multilingual assessment of melanoma information quality on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bari, Lilla; Kemeny, Lajos; Bari, Ferenc

    2014-06-01

    This study aims to assess and compare melanoma information quality in Hungarian, Czech, and German languages on the Internet. We used country-specific Google search engines to retrieve the first 25 uniform resource locators (URLs) by searching the word "melanoma" in the given language. Using the automated toolbar of Health On the Net Foundation (HON), we assessed each Web site for HON certification based on the Health On the Net Foundation Code of Conduct (HONcode). Information quality was determined using a 35-point checklist created by Bichakjian et al. (J Clin Oncol 20:134-141, 2002), with the NCCN melanoma guideline as control. After excluding duplicate and link-only pages, a total of 24 Hungarian, 18 Czech, and 21 German melanoma Web sites were evaluated and rated. The amount of HON certified Web sites was the highest among the German Web pages (19%). One of the retrieved Hungarian and none of the Czech Web sites were HON certified. We found the highest number of Web sites containing comprehensive, correct melanoma information in German language, followed by Czech and Hungarian pages. Although the majority of the Web sites lacked data about incidence, risk factors, prevention, treatment, work-up, and follow-up, at least one comprehensive, high-quality Web site was found in each language. Several Web sites contained incorrect information in each language. While a small amount of comprehensive, quality melanoma-related Web sites was found, most of the retrieved Web content lacked basic disease information, such as risk factors, prevention, and treatment. A significant number of Web sites contained malinformation. In case of melanoma, primary and secondary preventions are of especially high importance; therefore, the improvement of disease information quality available on the Internet is necessary.

  6. Meeting the challenges of globalisation in legal education

    OpenAIRE

    Balan, Anil

    2016-01-01

    The focus of this paper is a critical review of the impact of globalisation on international higher education at my own institution, the University of East London (UEL), where I am Programme Leader for LLB (Hons) Law, an undergraduate qualifying law degree. Globalisation, along with internationalisation, has been one of the forces that have most changed the educational landscape in this country over the last two decades. Although closely related to each other, globalisation and internationali...

  7. It’s Always a Threesome. Or, on the intricacies of educating an architect

    OpenAIRE

    Kizis, C; Stoppani, T; Uhia Hernandez, A

    2017-01-01

    In 2016/17 C. and T. were A's teachers in the first year of the Bachelor of Architecture (Hons) programme, the first three years of undergraduate architectural education in the United Kingdom. C was both the design studio tutor and a history and theory lecturer. T lectured in a history and theory and often visited the studio. Yet – who put things together, in a wholesome architectural education process? Who taught, and who learned?

  8. 2008 Report to Congress of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-01

    their consumption of seafood over the past two decades, perhaps persuaded by studies showing that a diet of fish provides health benefits. Per capita...political culture of the CCP throughout its history, as seen in practices such as the mass deportation of young people and intellectuals to the...Congressional Perspectives: Hon. Zoe Lofgren, U.S. Congress- woman from the state of California. Witnesses: Jeffrey C. Horne, United States Strategic Command

  9. Arbitrary Budget Cuts and the U.S. National Security Posture

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-12-01

    where ever possible to reduce future costs. William J. Hunter, Manager of Tiburon Systems, Inc., Washington D.C. Operations (a leading supplier of...businesses, are in jeopardy of losing much more as 40William J. Hunter, Manager, Tiburon Systems, Inc., Washington D.C. Operations, interviewed by author... Tiburon Systems, Inc. Interviewed by author, 22 October 1990, Crystal City, Virginia. Murray, Russell, Hon., former Asistant Secretary of Defense for

  10. Emergency nursing in Malta: past and present with a vision for the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurney, Diane; Calleja, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Every other year, the International Council of Nurses convenes a conference. In 2011 it was held in Malta, and Diane Gurney, RN, MS, CEN, ENA Past President, attended to represent ENA. In this article Diane and Paul Calleja, MSc(Manchester) Nurs, BSc (Hons) Nurs, Dip Nurs, Malta Emergency Nurses Association (MENA) International Relationship Officer, describe this visit, the significant nursing history in Malta, emergency nursing, and MENA.

  11. Qingping Straight Sword: The Last Remaining Chinese Sword System?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Berwick

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The following examination of classical Chinese straight sword (jian details the very rare Qingping straight sword system. The study meshes Chinese- and English-sourced research with a revealing interview (conducted by America’s senior Qingping disciples, Reza Momenan and Hon Lee with Lu Junhai—the grandmaster of this unique sword system. The author presents Qingping system as perhaps the only known, complete Chinese sword system surviving from China’s pre-Rebulican era (1911-1949.

  12. MSM 2010 Theme Monograph Psychopharmacology Today

    OpenAIRE

    Ajai R. Singh; Shakuntala A. Singh

    2010-01-01

    This theme monograph is called Psychopharmacology Today. It has some notable contributions on issues in psychopharmacology.MSM 2010 is dedicated to the fond memory of Dr V.N. Bagadia, who headed our Hon International Editorial Advisory Board. See Dedication, " Dr Bagadia, Sir, is no more"(p3).Thomas L. Schwartz, M.D. Associate Professor of Psychiatry, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA writes an editorial on, "Psychopharmacology today: where are we and where do we go from here...

  13. Granma: Cuban News and Propaganda Analysis for the Period, 1-31 December 1984.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-01

    and Salvador Allende . e The CIA protects Joseph Mengele and other Nazi war criminals. * Drugs and terrorists. Miami, Florida is the center for the...base for supplying military aid to El Salvador and Hon- duras. 9 Terrorists in Nicaragua. The American supported contras murdered 21 innocent civilian...Cuban propaganda pertaining to Latin American countries: e The guerrillas in El Salvador have completely paralyzed the national transportation system

  14. Surface coatings on carbon steel for prevention of flow accelerated corrosion under two phase flow conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shim, Hee-Sang; Kim, Kyung Mo; Hur, Do Haeng [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seung Hyun; Kim, Ji Hyun [Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    Since the occurrence of a Surry-2 pipe rupture accident, a lot of effort has been made to prevent FAC of carbon steel piping. Some of the chemicals were suggested as a corrosion inhibitor. A platinum decoration was applied as another prevention strategy of carbon steel thinning. The severe FAC-damaged carbon steel pipings were replaced by tolerant materials such as SA335 Gr.P22. However, some components such as the piping materials between moisture separator and turbine have still suffered from the FAC degradation. This work provides a coating method to prevent the FAC degradation of the SA106 Gr.B, which is a piping material between moisture separator and high-pressure turbine, under two-phase flow. We suggested the coating materials to prevent FAC of SA106Gr.B under two-phase water-vapor flow. The FAC resistance of SA106Gr.B was improved with 5 times by electroless-deposited Ni-P protective layer. Other coating materials also enhanced the tolerance up to 5 times for the FAC in a condition of 150 .deg. C and 3.8 bar at 9.5 compared to non-coated SA106Gr.B.

  15. Validation of modified directed graph drawing clustering method for fuzzy autocatalytic set using fuzzy C-means

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurfatiha, Che Wan; Bakar, Sumarni Abu

    2017-04-01

    Fuzzy Autocatalytic Sets (FACS) is a concept that has been formed from a combination of autocatalytic theory in fuzzy graph theory, particularly on fuzzy graph type-3. This concept has been applied to model a complex system whereby the model is in a form of non-coordinated weighted directed graph. A method to transform the non-coordinated FACS to coordinated FACS known as Modified Directed Graph Drawing (MDGD) had been developed and implemented to the FACS of clinical waste incineration process and circulating fluidized bed boiler. The obvious observation made from the coordinated graphs of FACS show some group of nodes appeared in the graphs, thus making MDGD possible to be used as a clustering technique to cluster the graphs. However, no validation of the technique has been made. Therefore, in this paper, the number of group obtained from MDGD technique for both graphs are validated using Fuzzy C-Means clustering technique. Several clustering validity indices are calculated for several number of clusters set for Fuzzy C-Means and is compared to the group of nodes in the coordinated FACS. The result shows that appropriate number of clusters obtained by using Fuzzy C-Means for clustered FACS with the help of PBM-index is in accordance with the number of groups obtained from MDGD technique. Thus MDGD can be used as a clustering technique to cluster any non-coordinated weighted directed graph.

  16. Measurement of flow accelerated corrosion rate at an elbow pipe and combination effect of an upstream orifice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Utanohara, Yoichi; Kamahori, Koichi; Nakamura, Akira; Murase, Michio

    2016-01-01

    Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) rates at an elbow pipe with the diameter of D = 50 mm were measured by using corrosion sensors made of carbon steel. In addition, FAC rates at the elbow with an upstream orifice were measured to investigate the enhancement of FAC due to pipe geometries. The diameter ratio of the orifice was 0.5. The water temperature was 150°C, the mean cross-sectional velocity was 4.98 m/s, the dissolved oxygen concentration was under 0.2 μg/kg, and pH was nearly neutral (about 7.0) at room temperature. The FAC rate was smaller at the intrados of the elbow pipe than at other circumferential locations due to low flow velocity near the inner surface. The ratio of the maximum FAC rate at the elbow pipe to the FAC rate in the straight pipe was about 3.7 without the upstream orifice and about 15.4 with the upstream orifice. This showed that the orifice significantly affected the FAC rate at the elbow pipe because of the short distance of 2.65D between the orifice and the elbow pipe. (author)

  17. Evaluation of hydrodynamic factors on flow accelerated corrosion in gas-liquid two phase flow and construction of equation for mass transfer coefficient. Part 1. Grasp of hydrodynamic factors on flow accelerated corrosion in gas-liquid two phase flow and examination of reproduction of behavior of liquid film in annular flow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Satake, Masaaki; Yoneda, Kimitoshi; Fujiwara, Kazutoshi; Domae, Masafumi

    2011-01-01

    Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) is one of the serious wall thinning problems when power plants are operating. FAC has been studied in water single-phase flow. The methods of evaluation of wall thinning rate in FAC are constructed from the results of these studies. On the other hand, FAC in water-steam two-phase flow has been hardly studied, so that methods of evaluation of wall thinning rate in it flow have not been constructed. In this report, a few researches about FAC in two-phase flow are investigated. From these researches, firstly FAC in two-phase flow is assumed to occur in annular flow. Secondly, liquid film velocity and liquid film thickness are dealt as the important hydrodynamic factors on FAC in the two phase flow. Besides, partition of pH control agent into water-vapor two phase flow is one of the water-chemical factors in the two phase flow. A water-air two phase annular flow is simulated. From the results, liquid film thicknesses in the simulation are under that of experimental results, and shear stresses are over that of experimental results. (author)

  18. Surface coatings on carbon steel for prevention of flow accelerated corrosion under two phase flow conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shim, Hee-Sang; Kim, Kyung Mo; Hur, Do Haeng; Kim, Seung Hyun; Kim, Ji Hyun

    2015-01-01

    Since the occurrence of a Surry-2 pipe rupture accident, a lot of effort has been made to prevent FAC of carbon steel piping. Some of the chemicals were suggested as a corrosion inhibitor. A platinum decoration was applied as another prevention strategy of carbon steel thinning. The severe FAC-damaged carbon steel pipings were replaced by tolerant materials such as SA335 Gr.P22. However, some components such as the piping materials between moisture separator and turbine have still suffered from the FAC degradation. This work provides a coating method to prevent the FAC degradation of the SA106 Gr.B, which is a piping material between moisture separator and high-pressure turbine, under two-phase flow. We suggested the coating materials to prevent FAC of SA106Gr.B under two-phase water-vapor flow. The FAC resistance of SA106Gr.B was improved with 5 times by electroless-deposited Ni-P protective layer. Other coating materials also enhanced the tolerance up to 5 times for the FAC in a condition of 150 .deg. C and 3.8 bar at 9.5 compared to non-coated SA106Gr.B

  19. Correlation of flow accelerated corrosion rate with iron solubility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujiwara, K.; Domae, M.; Yoneda, K.; Inada, F.; Ohira, T.; Hisamune, K.; Takiguchi, H.

    2009-01-01

    Flow Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) of carbon steel is one of the most important subjects in coolant systems of power plants. FAC is influenced by material, flow condition, temperature, and water chemistry. It is considered that solubility is the most important factor to determine the effect of water chemistry on FAC. In the present study, effect of specific oxide on FAC rate was studied from the thermodynamic solubility of iron. The effects of temperature and pH on the iron solubility were evaluated by taking into consideration hydrolysis reactions of ferrous iron, dissolution equilibria of Fe 3 O 4 , FeO, and Fe(OH) 2 , and charge balance. The correlation between the iron solubility and FAC behavior was evaluated by using the normalized mass transfer coefficient. It is clarified that the product of iron solubility equilibrated with Fe 3 O 4 and normalized mass transfer coefficient can explain the temperature and pH dependence of FAC. These results indicate presence of magnetite on the surface of carbon steel. Diffusion of iron from the saturated layer determines the FAC rate from water chemistry aspect. (author)

  20. Diffusion behavior of anion in hardened low-heat portland cement paste containing fly ash. Dependence of effective diffusion coefficient on pore structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chida, Taiji; Yoshida, Takahiro

    2012-01-01

    In the sub-surface disposal system, the closely packed concrete layer is expected the low diffusivity to retard the migration of radionuclides. Low-heat portland cement containing 30 wt% fly ash (FAC) is a candidate cement material for the construction of sub-surface repository because of its high dense structure and its resistance to cracking. Previously, we reported that FAC has lower diffusivity than Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) for acetic acid and iodine. However, the mechanism for low diffusivity of FAC was not clear. In this study, the diffusion of multiple trace ions (chlorine, bromine and iodine) in hardened cement pastes was examined by through-diffusion experiments. The effective diffusion coefficients, D e , of the trace ions for hardened OPC cement pastes were on the order of 10 -12 m 2 s -1 for trace ions, and D e for hardened FAC cement pastes were on the order of 10 -13 m 2 s -1 for chlorine, 10 -14 m 2 s -1 for bromine and 10 -15 m 2 s -1 for iodine. Additionally, the pore size distribution and porosity of FAC changed to more closely packed structure for 13 months by the pozzolanic reaction, and the pore size distribution of FAC (mainly 3-10 nm) were an order of magnitude smaller than that of OPC. These results suggest that the low diffusivity of FAC is based on the continuous change in the pore structure and the nano-scale pore size retarding the migration of trace ions. (author)

  1. Quality of online information on type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weymann, Nina; Härter, Martin; Dirmaier, Jörg

    2015-12-01

    Evidence-based health information is a prerequisite for patients with type 2 diabetes to engage in self-management and to make informed medical decisions. The Internet is an important source of health information. In the present study, we systematically assessed formal quality, quality of decision support and usability of German and English language websites on type 2 diabetes. The search term 'type 2 diabetes' was entered in the two most popular search engines. Descriptive data on website quality are presented. Additionally, associations between website quality and affiliation (commercial vs. non-commercial), presence of the HON code quality seal and website traffic were explored. Forty-six websites were included. Most websites provided basic information necessary for decision-making, while only one website also provided decision support. Websites with a HON code had significantly better formal quality than websites without HON code. We found a highly significant correlation between usability and website traffic and a significant correlation between formal quality and website traffic. Most websites do not provide sufficient information to support patients in medical decision-making. Our finding that usability and website traffic are tightly associated is consistent with previous research indicating that design is the most important cue for users assessing website credibility. © The Author (2014). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  2. The intercalated BSc (Med) Honours/MB ChB and integrated MB ChB/PhD tracks at the University of Cape Town: models for a national medical student research training programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, A A; Futter, M; Mayosi, B M

    2014-02-01

    The Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Cape Town is addressing the shortage of clinician-scientists in South Africa by introducing two research training tracks in parallel with the professional MB ChB programme, namely the intercalated BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track and the integrated MB ChB/PhD track. The BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track is available to MB ChB students who have completed the first two years of study. The track comprises a course in Molecular Medicine given concurrently with the MB ChB third-year curriculum, followed by a BSc (Med) Hons as a 'year out' of MB ChB. Subsequently students may enroll into the integrated MB ChB/PhD track that enables them to undertake a PhD concurrently with MB ChB studies, which will be spread over additional years, or alternatively to undertake a PhD after completion of the MB ChB. These tracks, which were launched in 2011, represent an opportunity to train a new cadre of young African clinician-scientists at the undergraduate level.

  3. A multilingual evaluation of current health information on the Internet for the treatments of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Emily C; Manecksha, Rustom P; Abouassaly, Robert; Bolton, Damien M; Reich, Oliver; Lawrentschuk, Nathan

    2014-12-01

    To compare the quality of current Internet information on benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and its surgical and medical managements across four Western languages and a comparative analysis of website sponsors. BPH Internet information quality is particularly relevant in an era of expanding, minimally invasive and surgical therapies. However, no comprehensive analysis exists. World Health Organization Health on the Net (HON) principles may be applied to websites using an automated toolbar function. Using a search engine (www.google.com), 9,000 websites were assessed using keywords related to BPH and its medical and surgical treatment in English, French, German, and Spanish. The first 150 websites in each language had HON principles measured whilst a further analysis of site sponsorship was undertaken. Very few BPH websites had greater than ten per cent HON accredited with significant differences (P<0.001) based on terms used for BPH, its medical and surgical management. Tertiles (thirds) of the first 150 websites returned differences in accredited websites (P<0.0001). English language had most accredited websites. Odds ratios for different terms returning accredited websites also were significantly different across terms (P<0.001). Websites were largely commercially sponsored. A lack of validation of most BPH sites should be appreciated with discrepancies in quality and number of websites across diseases, languages and also between medical and alternate terms. Physicians should participate in and encourage the development of informative, ethical and reliable health websites on the Internet and direct patients to them.

  4. Preparation and characterization of Fe3+-doped TiO2 on fly ash cenospheres for photocatalytic application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Bing; Li Qin; Wang Wei; Li Ying; Zhai Jianping

    2011-01-01

    Fe 3+ -doped TiO 2 film deposited on fly ash cenosphere (Fe-TiO 2 /FAC) was successfully synthesized by the sol-gel method. These fresh photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA). The XRD results showed that Fe element can maintain metastable anatase phase of TiO 2 , and effect of temperature showed rutile phase appears in 650 deg. C for 0.01% Fe-TiO 2 /FAC. The SEM analysis revealed the Fe-TiO 2 films on the surface of a fly ash cenosphere with a thickness of 2 μm. The absorption threshold of Fe-TiO 2 /FACs shifted to a longer wavelength compared to the photocatalyst without Fe 3+ -doping in the UV-vis absorption spectra. The photocatalytic activity and kinetics of Fe-TiO 2 /FAC with varying the iron content and the calcination temperatures were investigated by measuring the photodegradation of methyl blue (MB) during visible light irradiation. Compared with TiO 2 /FAC and Fe 3+ -doped TiO 2 powder (Fe-TiO 2 ), the degradation ratio using Fe-TiO 2 /FAC increased by 33% and 30%, respectively, and the best calcined temperature was 450 deg. C and the optimum doping of Fe/Ti molar ratio was 0.01%. The Fe-TiO 2 /FAC particles can float in water due to the low density of FAC in favor of phase separation to recover these photocatalyst after the reaction, and the recovery test shows that calcination contributes to regaining photocatalytic activity of Fe-TiO 2 /FAC photocatalyst.

  5. Rhenium and technetium: application of organometallic rhenium and technetium complexes in radiopharmacy. Evaluation of optimal anchor groups

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alberto, R.; Schibli, R.; Egli, A.; Schaffland, A.; Rattat, D.; Mueller, J.; Iftimia, M.; Berke, H.; Kaden, T.A.; Abram, U.

    1997-01-01

    The coordinative properties of the '[fac-M(CO) 3 ] + ' moiety (M= 188 Re, Re, 99 Tc and 99m Tc) have been investigated in water and organic solvents in order to evaluate the anchor group attached to antibodies, small peptides and biologically active molecules. The preparation of [M(OH 2 ) 3 (CO) 3 ] + has been improved in a way that this complex can be prepared from a Kit formulation. The '[fac-M(CO) 3 ] + ' has been transformed to the '[fac-M(NO)(CO) 2 ] 2+ ' moiety to achieve higher direct labelling yields and faster incorporation kinetics. (author) 5 figs

  6. The Effect of Recombinant Factor VIIa on Noncoagulopathic Pigs with Grade V Liver Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-05-01

    mimicking haemophilia A or B conditions. Thromb Hemost 1999;82(S1):303; abstract 951. 22. Rao VM, Rapaport SI. Factor VIIa-catalyzed activation of Fac- tor...The Effect of Recombinant Factor VIIa on Noncoagulopathic Pigs with Grade V Liver Injuries Martin A Schreiber, MD, FACS, John B Holcomb, MD, FACS...5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Schreiber, M. A. Holcomb, J. B . Hedner, U. Brundage, S. I. Macaitis, J. M. Aoki, N. Meng

  7. A study of flow field of feeder outlet pipe at CANDU for understanding flow accelerated(assistant) corrosion phenomena

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kweon, H.; Seo, D. W.; Park, K. C.; Jeong, H. S.

    2002-01-01

    The FAC(Flow Accelerated Corrosion) on feeder outlet pipe is an important phenomena for surveying an integrity of CANDU plant. There are correlated a corrosion effect in electrochemistry and a flow field effect in hydrodynamics. A mass transfer rate is main governing parameter in macroscopic analysis of FAC phenomena. Therefore, first of all, at the hydrodynamic aspect the analysis of FAC is carried out. CFX 4.3 code calculates the flow field of feeder outlet pipe with complex geometry and the calculated results are estimated with an experimental data. On the basis of power plant data base, the worst location about wall thinning is compared with calculated and experimental location

  8. Asymmetric structures of field-aligned currents and convection of ionospheric plasma controlled by the IMF azimuthal component and season of year

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lukianova, R. Yu.; Kozlovsky, A.; Christiansen, Freddy

    2010-01-01

    We present the results of using the statistical model of field-aligned currents (FACs) based on satellite data and the numerical model of the electric potential distribution in order to detect the asymmetric part in FAC structures and ionospheric plasma convection controlled by the IMF azimuthal (B...... potential difference diagrams. Thus, qualitatively different FAC and convection patterns exist during the solstice in opposite hemispheres. The value of the electric potential originating in the near-pole region under the action of the B y component and a change in the potential under the action...

  9. Phase III randomized trial of dose intensive neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without G-CSF in locally advanced breast cancer: Long-term results

    OpenAIRE

    Kau, SW; Valero, V; Dhinghra, K; Arun, BK; Yin, G; Hortobagyi, GN; VadhanRaj, S; Theriault, RL; Ross, M; Strom, E; Sneige, N; Frye, D; Buzdar, AU; Ibrahim, N; Sahin, A

    2011-01-01

    Objective. To compare the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate of patients treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FAC) versus dose-intense FAC plus G-CSF in the neoadjuvant setting and to compare the delivered dose intensity, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) times, and toxicity between treatment arms in patients with breast cancer. Methods. Patients were randomized to receive preoperative FAC (5-FU, 500 mg/m 2 doxorubicin, 50 mg/m 2 cycl...

  10. On the cause of IMF By related mid- and low latitude magnetic disturbances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vennerstrøm, Susanne; Christiansen, Freddy; Olsen, Nils

    2007-01-01

    An analysis of the effect of the IMF By on near-Earth low and mid-latitude magnetic disturbances is presented. In particular the contribution from field-aligned currents ( FACs) connected to the polar regions is investigated. Based on statistically determined high-latitude FAC patterns for various...... that the long-distance effect of the high-latitude FACs constitute the major source to IMF By and B-z related magnetic east-west disturbances at mid-and low latitudes....

  11. Mechanism and kinetics for ammonium dinitramide (ADN) sublimation: a first-principles study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, R S; Chen, Hui-Lung; Lin, M C

    2012-11-08

    The mechanism for sublimation of NH(4)N(NO(2))(2) (ADN) has been investigated quantum-mechanically with generalized gradient approximation plane-wave density functional theory calculations; the solid surface is represented by a slab model and the periodic boundary conditions are applied. The calculated lattice constants for the bulk ADN, which were found to consist of NH(4)(+)[ON(O)NNO(2)](-) units, instead of NH(4)(+)[N(NO(2))(2)](-), agree quite well with experimental values. Results show that three steps are involved in the sublimation/decomposition of ADN. The first step is the relaxation of the surface layer with 1.6 kcal/mol energy per NH(4)ON(O)NNO(2) unit; the second step is the sublimation of the surface layer to form a molecular [NH(3)]-[HON(O)NNO(2)] complex with a 29.4 kcal/mol sublimation energy, consistent with the experimental observation of Korobeinichev et al. (10) The last step is the dissociation of the [H(3)N]-[HON(O)NNO(2)] complex to give NH(3) and HON(O)NNO(2) with the dissociation energy of 13.9 kcal/mol. Direct formation of NO(2) (g) from solid ADN costs a much higher energy, 58.3 kcal/mol. Our calculated total sublimation enthalpy for ADN(s) → NH(3)(g) + HON(O)NNO(2)) (g), 44.9 kcal/mol via three steps, is in good agreement with the value, 42.1 kcal/mol predicted for the one-step sublimation process in this work and the value 44.0 kcal/mol computed by Politzer et al. (11) using experimental thermochemical data. The sublimation rate constant for the rate-controlling step 2 can be represented as k(sub) = 2.18 × 10(12) exp (-30.5 kcal/mol/RT) s(-1), which agrees well with available experimental data within the temperature range studied. The high pressure limit decomposition rate constant for the molecular complex H(3)N···HON(O)NNO(2) can be expressed by k(dec) = 3.18 × 10(13) exp (-15.09 kcal/mol/RT) s(-1). In addition, water molecules were found to increase the sublimation enthalpy of ADN, contrary to that found in the ammonium

  12. Effect of a nano-sized TiC particle addition on the flow-assisted corrosion resistance of SA 106B carbon steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jin-Ju; Park, Eun-Kwang; Lee, Gyoung-Ja; Rhee, Chang-Kyu; Lee, Min-Ku

    2017-09-01

    Carbon steel with dispersed nano-sized TiC ceramic particles was fabricated by the ex-situ introduction of the particles into the melt, with the flow-assisted corrosion (FAC) resistance then investigated in the presence and absence of TiC nanoparticles using a once-through type of FAC loop test. From the potentiodynamic polarization curves, the current density at any given anodic potential was decreased and the open-circuit potential was increased by the addition of TiC nanoparticles. In addition, when the nano-sized TiC particles were added, the FAC rate was 1.38 times lower than that of carbon steel without TiC nanoparticles, indicating an improvement of the FAC resistance due to the homogeneous distribution of the TiC reinforcing nanoparticles.

  13. Waste Management Policy Framework to Mitigate Terrorist Intrusion Activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Redus, Kenneth S.

    2003-01-01

    A policy-directed framework is developed to support US Department of Energy (DOE) counterterrorism efforts, specifically terrorist intrusion activities that affect of Environmental Management (EM) programs. The framework is called the Security Effectiveness and Resource Allocation Definition Forecasting and Control System (SERAD-FACS). Use of SERAD-FACS allows trade-offs between resources, technologies, risk, and Research and Development (R and D) efforts to mitigate such intrusion attempts. Core to SERAD-FACS is (1) the understanding the perspectives and time horizons of key decisionmakers and organizations, (2) a determination of site vulnerabilities and accessibilities, and (3) quantifying the measures that describe the risk associated with a compromise of EM assets. The innovative utility of SERAD-FACS is illustrated for three integrated waste management and security strategies. EM program risks, time delays, and security for effectiveness are examined to demonstrate the significant cost and schedule impact terrorist activities can have on cleanup efforts in the DOE complex

  14. Breast reduction (mammoplasty) - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100189.htm Breast reduction (mammoplasty) - series—Indications To use the sharing features ... Lickstein, MD, FACS, specializing in cosmetic and reconstructive plastic surgery, Palm Beach Gardens, FL. Review provided by ...

  15. Clinical Investigation Program Annual Progress Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-30

    Assisted Cell Sorting (FACS). Data collection is in progress. CPS successfully identified antibody titers for bullous pemphigoid and pemphigus vulgaris ...Status: Completed (4) Title: Determination of Indirect Immunofluorescence Results in Bullous Pemphigoid and Pemphigus (5) Start Date: 1992 (6) Est

  16. 76 FR 66912 - Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee; Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-28

    ... Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee (Committee) in New Orleans, Louisiana. DATES: The meeting will be... Yeager, Designated Federal Officer, MPA FAC, National Marine Protected Areas Center, 1305 East West... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Marine Protected...

  17. 78 FR 67338 - Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee; Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Marine Protected Areas... the Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee (Committee). The web conference calls are open..., MPA FAC, National Marine Protected Areas Center, 1305 East West Highway, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910...

  18. Ostomy Home Skills Program

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Associate Fellows Residents Medical Students Affiliate Members ACS Insurance Programs ACS Discount Programs FACS Resources Career Connection ... Mentoring for Excellence in Trauma Surgery Advanced Trauma Life Support Verification, Review, and Consultation Program for Hospitals ...

  19. Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Associate Fellows Residents Medical Students Affiliate Members ACS Insurance Programs ACS Discount Programs FACS Resources Career Connection ... Mentoring for Excellence in Trauma Surgery Advanced Trauma Life Support Verification, Review, and Consultation Program for Hospitals ...

  20. Ostomy Home Skills Program

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Associate Fellows Residents Medical Students Affiliate Members ACS Insurance Programs ACS Discount Programs FACS Resources Career Connection ... Shop My Profile American College of Surgeons 633 N Saint Clair Street Chicago, IL 60611-3295 Toll ...