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Sample records for factors influencing student

  1. Factors Influencing High School Students' Career Aspirations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Mei; Pan, Wei; Newmeyer, Mark D.

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the factors influencing high school students' career aspirations with a study analyzing 141 high school students. The Social Cognitive Career Development Model was utilized to examine the interactive relationships among learning experiences, career self-efficacy, outcome expectations, career interests, and career choices. The…

  2. What Factors Influence a Teacher's Commitment to Student Learning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dannetta, Vincent

    2002-01-01

    Study of the personal, organizational, student-related factors influencing teacher commitment to student learning. Finds, for example, that among personal factors intrinsic rewards are more important than extrinsic rewards, that among organization factors collegiality is an important influence on commitment to student learning, and that among…

  3. [Factors that influence student ratings of instruction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Su Jin; Choung, Yun Hoon; Chung, Yoon Sok

    2015-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of student ratings of instruction by analyzing their relationships with several variables, including gender, academic rank, specialty, teaching time, and teaching method, at a medical school. This study analyzed the student ratings of 297 courses at Ajou University School of Medicine in 2013. SPSS version 12.0 was used to analyze the data and statistics by t-test, analysis of variance, and Scheffe test. There were no statistically significant differences in student ratings between gender, rank, and specialty. However, student ratings were significantly influenced by teaching times and methods (pStudent ratings were high for teaching times of 10 hours or more and small-group learning, compared with lectures. There was relatively mean differences in students ratings by teaching times, specialty and rank, although the difference in ratings was not statistically significant. Student ratings can be classified by teaching time and method for summative purposes. To apply student ratings to the evaluation of the performance of faculty, further studies are needed to analyze the variables that influence student ratings.

  4. Factors that Influence Students' Decision to Dropout of Online Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willging, Pedro A.; Johnson, Scott D.

    2009-01-01

    Although there are many reasons why students dropout of college courses, those reasons may be unique for students who are enrolled in an online program. Issues of isolation, disconnectedness, and technological problems may be factors that influence a student to leave a course. To understand these factors, an online survey was developed to collect…

  5. Factors Influencing Persistence among Nontraditional University Students

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    Markle, Gail

    2015-01-01

    One third of undergraduate students enrolled in U.S. colleges and universities are considered nontraditional as defined by the single criterion of being aged 25 years and older. Nontraditional students have significantly lower graduation rates than traditional students. Using a role theory perspective this mixed-methods study examines the factors…

  6. Push Vs Pull: Factors Influence Student Retention

    OpenAIRE

    Matthew Leone; Robert G. Tian

    2009-01-01

    Problem statement: Student retention becomes one of the most significant issues that administrators of colleges and universities must deal with in todays highly competitive market. Approach: In fact retaining a student is fundamental to the ability of an institution to carry out its mission. A high rate of attrition is not only a fiscal problem for schools, but a symbolic failure of an institution to achieve its purpose. Results: There are many ways to keep students retain at the same college...

  7. Factors Influencing the Academic Persistence of College Students with ADHD

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    Melara, Claudia Alexia

    2012-01-01

    Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at greater risk for failing to complete their postsecondary educational degrees than their typical peers. The present qualitative sought to identify factors influencing the academic persistence of students with ADHD in postsecondary settings. Utilizing direct interviews with…

  8. Factors Influencing the Academic Persistence of College Students with ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melara, Claudia Alexia

    2012-01-01

    Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at greater risk for failing to complete their postsecondary educational degrees than their typical peers. The present qualitative sought to identify factors influencing the academic persistence of students with ADHD in postsecondary settings. Utilizing direct interviews with…

  9. Factors Influencing Career Choice of Management Students in India

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    Agarwala, Tanuja

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to explore the influence of a range of factors on the career choice of management students in India. The importance of different individuals in the family and at work in making career choices among these students is also to be explored. In addition, the study seeks to address the relationship of the cultural values of…

  10. Factors Influencing Student Participation in College Study Abroad Programs

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    Bandyopadhyay, Soumava; Bandyopadhyay, Kakoli

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes a theoretical framework to investigate the factors that influence student participation in college study abroad programs. The authors posit that students' general perceptions regarding the study abroad experience and their expectations of intercultural awareness from study abroad programs will impact their perceptions of…

  11. INFLUENCE FACTOR ANALYSIS OF CHINESE STUDENTS' LERANING STYLES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周平

    2009-01-01

    Learning style, aiming at language learner, is a hot issue of second language acquisition. The article first reviews the various definitions of learning style. From the perspective of cognition, three influence factors of Chinese students' learning styles are analyzed. Suggestions are proposed for teachers to help students develop learning styles.

  12. Influencing factors of mental health of medical students in China.

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    Yang, Fan; Meng, Heng; Chen, Hui; Xu, Xin-hao; Liu, Zhuo; Luo, Ai; Feng, Zhan-chun

    2014-06-01

    This study investigated the mental health status of medical students in China, and analyzed the influencing factors in order to provide evidence for mental health education for medical students. A stratified cluster sampling method was used to recruit medical students from Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China. The questionnaire survey on general information and Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) were used for investigation and analysis. The results showed among the 1137 valid questionnaires, 278 (24.45%) participants had SCL-90 score ≥ 160. The top three mental problems of medical students were obsessive-compulsive disorder, interpersonal sensitivity and depression in terms of the factor score ≥ 2.5 and the number of participants who reflected on the diseases. The third-year medical students had the worst mental health status, and fifth-year medical students had the best mental health status. Students from rural area had more psychological problems than those from urban area; furthermore, students with high professional satisfaction, those who were the single child of the family, non-poor students, and those whose parents had high education level had better mental health status. It was concluded that the mental health of medical students is not optimistic in China. Medical students have some mental health problems of different degrees. Factors that influence the mental health of medical students include academic pressure, professional satisfaction level and family environment.

  13. What factors influence UK medical students' choice of foundation school?

    OpenAIRE

    Miah, S.; Pang, K.H.; Rebello, W.; Rubakumar, Z.; Fung, V; Venugopal, S.; Begum, H.

    2017-01-01

    Background: We aimed to identify the factors influencing UK medical student applicants’ choice of foundation school. We also explored the factors that doctors currently approaching the end of their 2-year program believe should be considered. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the 2013–2014 academic year. An online questionnaire was distributed to 2092 final-year medical students from nine UK medical schools and 84 foundation year-2 (FY2) doctors from eight foundation sc...

  14. Factors Potentially Influencing Student Acceptance of Biological Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiles, Jason R.

    This investigation explored scientific, religious, and otherwise nonscientific factors that may influence student acceptance of biological evolution and related concepts, how students perceived these factors to have influenced their levels of acceptance of evolution and changes therein, and what patterns arose among students' articulations of how their levels of acceptance of evolution may have changed. This exploration also measured the extent to which students' levels of acceptance changed following a treatment designed to address factors identified as potentially affecting student acceptance of evolution. Acceptance of evolution was measured using the MATE instrument (Rutledge and Warden, 1999; Rutledge and Sadler, 2007) among participants enrolled in a secondary-level academic program during the summer prior to their final year of high school and as they transitioned to the post-secondary level. Student acceptance of evolution was measured to be significantly higher than pre-treatment levels both immediately following and slightly over one year after treatment. Qualitative data from informal questionnaires, from formal course evaluations, and from semi-structured interviews of students engaged in secondary level education and former students at various stages of post-secondary education confirmed that the suspected factors were perceived by participants to have influenced their levels of acceptance of evolution. Furthermore, participant reports provided insight regarding the relative effects they perceived these factors to have had on their evolution acceptance levels. Additionally, many participants reported that their science teachers in public schools had avoided, omitted, or denigrated evolution during instruction, and several of these students expressed frustration regarding what they perceived to have been a lack of education of an important scientific principle. Finally, no students expressed feelings of being offended by having been taught about

  15. Factors influencing pharmacy students' attendance decisions in large lectures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westrick, Salisa C; Helms, Kristen L; McDonough, Sharon K; Breland, Michelle L

    2009-08-28

    To identify reasons for pharmacy student attendance and absenteeism in large lectures and to determine whether certain student characteristics affect student absenteeism. Pharmacy students' reasons to attend and not attend 3 large lecture courses were identified. Using a Web-based survey instrument, second-year pharmacy students were asked to rate to what degree various reasons affected their decision to attend or not attend classes for 3 courses. Bivariate analyses were used to assess the relationships between student characteristics and degree of absenteeism. Ninety-eight students (75%) completed the survey instrument. The degree of student absenteeism differed among the 3 courses. Most student demographic characteristics examined were not related to the degree of absenteeism. Different reasons to attend and not to attend class were identified for each of the 3 courses, suggesting that attendance decisions were complex. Respondents wanted to take their own notes and the instructor highlighted what was important to know were the top 2 common reasons for pharmacy students to attend classes. Better understanding of factors influencing student absenteeism may help pharmacy educators design effective interventions to facilitate student attendance.

  16. Factors influencing radiation therapy student clinical placement satisfaction

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    Bridge, Pete; Carmichael, Mary-Ann [School of Clinical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane (Australia)

    2014-02-15

    Introduction: Radiation therapy students at Queensland University of Technology (QUT) attend clinical placements at five different clinical departments with varying resources and support strategies. This study aimed to determine the relative availability and perceived importance of different factors affecting student support while on clinical placement. The purpose of the research was to inform development of future support mechanisms to enhance radiation therapy students’ experience on clinical placement. Methods: This study used anonymous Likert-style surveys to gather data from years 1 and 2 radiation therapy students from QUT and clinical educators from Queensland relating to availability and importance of support mechanisms during clinical placements in a semester. Results: The study findings demonstrated student satisfaction with clinical support and suggested that level of support on placement influenced student employment choices. Staff support was perceived as more important than physical resources; particularly access to a named mentor, a clinical educator and weekly formative feedback. Both students and educators highlighted the impact of time pressures. Conclusions: The support offered to radiation therapy students by clinical staff is more highly valued than physical resources or models of placement support. Protected time and acknowledgement of the importance of clinical education roles are both invaluable. Joint investment in mentor support by both universities and clinical departments is crucial for facilitation of effective clinical learning.

  17. Factors potentially influencing academic performance among medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al Shawwa L

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Lana Al Shawwa,1 Ahmad A Abulaban,2 Abdulrhman A Abulaban,3 Anas Merdad,3 Sara Baghlaf,3 Ahmed Algethami,3 Joullanar Abu-shanab,3 Abdulrahman Balkhoyor3 1Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 2Department of Medicine-Neurology, King Fahad National Guard Hospital, King Abdulziz Medical City, Riyadh, 3Department of Medical Education, College of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Background: Studies are needed to examine predictors of success in medical school. The aim of this work is to explore factors that potentially influence excellence of medical students. Methods: The study was conducted in the Medical Faculty of King Abdulaziz University during October 2012. A self-administered questionnaire was used. Medical students with a grade point average (GPA ≥4.5 (out of 5 were included and compared to randomly selected medical students with a GPA <4.5, who were available at the time of the study. Results: A total of 359 undergraduate students participated in the study. 50.4% of the sample was students with a GPA ≥4.5. No statistically significant difference regarding the time spent on outings and social events was found. However, 60.7% of high GPA students spend less than 2 hours on social networking per day as compared to 42.6% of the lower GPA students (P<0.01. In addition, 79% of high GPA students prefer to study alone (P=0.02, 68.0% required silence and no interruptions during studying time (P=0.013, and 47% revise their material at least once before an exam (P=0.02. Conclusion: Excellent medical students have many different characteristics. For example, they do not use social networking for prolonged periods of time, and they have strong motivation and study enjoyment. Further studies are needed to examine whether these differences have a real impact on GPA or not. Keyword: King Abdulaziz University KAU, medical school, study habits, exam habits 

  18. Factors Influencing Prospective Women Students to Enroll at The ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Data collection methods included interviews supplemented with focus group ... The study identified factors included internal or individual disposition factors that ... Learning at a distance was challenging and complex to prospective students.

  19. Assessing Factors Influencing Student Academic Success in Law School

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    Detwiler, Robert R.

    2011-01-01

    The literature on student academic success of law students is limited to mostly single institution studies, and as such, a nationwide, multi-institutional empirical study of the factors that predict student academic success is greatly needed by higher education scholars, law school admission officers, faculty, and administrators. This dissertation…

  20. Factors influencing students' performance in a Brazilian dental school

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    Silva,Erica Tatiane da; Nunes, Maria de Fátima; Queiroz,Maria Goretti; Leles, Cláudio R

    2010-01-01

    Comprehensive assessment of students' academic performance plays an important role in educational planning. The aim of this study was to investigate variables that influence student's performance in a retrospective sample including all undergraduate students who entered in a Brazilian dental school, in a 20-year period between 1984 and 2003 (n=1182). Demographic and educational variables were used to predict performance in the overall curriculum and course groups. Cluster analysis (K-means al...

  1. Personal factors that influence deaf college students' academic success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albertini, John A; Kelly, Ronald R; Matchett, Mary Karol

    2012-01-01

    Research tells us that academic preparation is key to deaf students' success at college. Yet, that is not the whole story. Many academically prepared students drop out during their first year. This study identified entering deaf college students' personal factors as assessed by their individual responses to both the Noel-Levitz College Student Inventory Form B and the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory, second edition (LASSI). Entering students in 3 successive cohorts (total n =437) participated in this study. Results show that in addition to entry measurements of reading and mathematic skills, personal factors contributed to the academic performance of students in their first quarter in college. The Noel-Levitz provided the comparatively better predictive value of academic performance: Motivation for Academic Study Scale (e.g., desire to finish college). The LASSI also showed statistically significant predictors, the Self-Regulation Component (e.g., time management) and Will Component (e.g., self-discipline), but accounted for relatively less variability in the students' initial grade point averages. For this group of underprepared students, results show that personal factors can play a significant role in academic success. Deaf students' personal factors are discussed as they relate to other first-year college students and to their subsequent academic performance and persistence.

  2. The influencing factors and Countermeasures of College Students' Autonomous Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安雨

    2016-01-01

    with the continuous development of society, people's life has become increasingly rich, but with the development of society, we are increasingly being tempted, the most obvious is our life in the University, the students focused on autonomous learning, but with the temptation is more and more big, the college students' autonomous learning learning ability to drop, a lot of people irresistible university life becomes boring temptation. What are the factors that affect college students' autonomous learning?

  3. A Survey of the Influencing Factors for International Academic Mobility of Chinese University Students

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    Cao, Chun; Zhu, Chang; Meng, Qian

    2016-01-01

    This research aims to understand the factors influencing international academic mobility within the Chinese higher education context. The inventory of University Students' Perceptions of Influencing Factors for International Academic Mobility was developed and tested to enquire about Chinese university students' perceptions of factors influencing…

  4. Recognizing influencing factors on students' leadership trait potential

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    Mohammad Reza Hosseini Moghadam

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study to investigate the effect of university education on leadership capacity of both male and female management students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. The data were collected from the first and the last year students using classified sampling method. The results of 116 questionnaires analyzed using SPSS software indicate that university education had a different effect on both male and female students' leadership capacity. Comparing the results of this study with other countries shows that the role of culture should be considered as an effective factor, while evaluating and comparing students' leadership capacity among communities.

  5. Factors Influencing Knowledge Sharing among Undergraduate Students: A Malaysian Perspective

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    Ong, Hway-Boon; Yeap, Peik-Foong; Tan, Siow-Hooi; Chong, Lee-Lee

    2011-01-01

    Knowledge sharing can enhance learning and help to build the knowledge workforce. This paper reports on a study of knowledge sharing behaviour among undergraduate students in Malaysia. Knowledge sharing was found to be influenced by the mechanisms used, various barriers to communication and the motivations behind knowledge sharing. The mechanisms…

  6. Factors influencing students' performance in a Brazilian dental school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Erica Tatiane da; Nunes, Maria de Fátima; Queiroz, Maria Goretti; Leles, Cláudio R

    2010-01-01

    Comprehensive assessment of students' academic performance plays an important role in educational planning. The aim of this study was to investigate variables that influence student's performance in a retrospective sample including all undergraduate students who entered in a Brazilian dental school, in a 20-year period between 1984 and 2003 (n=1182). Demographic and educational variables were used to predict performance in the overall curriculum and course groups. Cluster analysis (K-means algorithm) categorized students into groups of higher, moderate or lower performance. Clusters of overall performance showed external validity, demonstrated by Chi-square test and ANOVA. Lower performance groups had the smallest number of students in overall performance and course groups clusters, ranging from 11.8% (clinical courses) to 19.2% (basic courses). Students' performance was more satisfactory in dental and clinical courses, rather than basic and non-clinical courses (pstudent's performance was predicted by lower time elapsed between completion of high school and dental school admission, female gender, better rank in admission test, class attendance rate and student workload hours in teaching, research and extension (R(2)=0.491). Findings give evidence about predictors of undergraduate students' performance and reinforce the need for curricular reformulation focused on with improvement of integration among courses.

  7. A study among dental students regarding the factors influenced dental students to choose dentistry as career

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    Gobichetti Palayam Jagatheeswaran AnbuSelvan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Career choice is a complex decision for students since it determines the kind of profession that they intend to pursue in life. As students try to make a career choice while in secondary school, they face the problem of matching their career choices with their abilities and school performance. Aims: The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing career choice among dental college students in private dental collages in Tamil Nadu, India. Settings and Design: The study was conducted using descriptive survey design with a population of 989 students. The data for this study was collected using a questionnaire and interview schedules. Materials and Methods: The data for this study was collected using questionnaire previously used by Swati Shah and Rajaraman and interview schedules. The analysis of the study was based on the factors: Outcome expectations, gender, personal interests, and other factors. Results and Conclusion: The most common reason for among the dental students to choose dental science as their career choice was self-interested followed by didn′t get medicine degree, prestige and gives respect. The least common reasons observed in the study population were inspired by dentists. The findings of this study indicate that availability the most influential factors affecting career choices among students.

  8. What Matters Most: Factors Influencing the University Application Choice Decisions of Korean International Students and Parents

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    Parslow, Breanna

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine factors influencing Korean parents' and students' university application choice decisions in three international schools in the Republic of Korea (South). Institutional and individual factors that influenced Korean students' university application choice decisions and their parents' university application…

  9. The Teacher as One of the Factors Influencing Students' Perception of Biology as a School Subject

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    Kubiatko, Milan; Torkar, Gregor; Rovnanova, Lenka

    2017-01-01

    The main aim of our research was to determine whether the teacher is one of the factors influencing students' perception of biology as a school subject. The study also aimed to identify the influence of certain other factors in this regard, specifically: students' gender and place of residence, the number of biology teachers who have taught the…

  10. Exploring Factors that Influence Students' Behaviors in Information Security

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    Yoon, Cheolho; Hwang, Jae-Won; Kim, Rosemary

    2012-01-01

    Due to the ever-increasing use of the Internet, information security has become a critical issue in society. This is especially the case for young adults who have different attitudes towards information security practices. In this research, we examine factors that motivate college students' information security behaviors. Based on the concept of…

  11. Evaluating Iowa Community College Student Demographics, Characteristics, Enrollment Factors, and Educational Goals Influence on Retention Rates

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    Mitchley-McAvoy, Joan A.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the influence that previously researched and affirmed persistence and early withdrawal factors such as student demographics, enrollment status factors, student characteristics, and student educational goals had on Iowa community college retention rates for the 2005, 2007, and 2009 academic years. It is the researcher's…

  12. Approaching Safety through Quality: Factors Influencing College Student Perceptions.

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    Ramaswamy, S K; Mosher, G A

    2016-04-01

    Quality management practices have been identified by previous literature as a factor that could potentially reduce the level of safety incidents and hazards in agricultural work environments. The present study used multivariate analysis to examine the effect of independent variables such as quality and safety awareness, work experience, safety and quality management experience, and the perceived importance of safety and quality on the role of quality management practices as a mitigating factor for safety hazards and incidents in agriculture. Variables were measured on a five-point scale using a survey questionnaire. Data were collected from approximately 900 undergraduates enrolled in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at a large land grant university in the U.S. The level of student work experience and student perceptions of the importance of quality explained a significant amount of the variance in student views of quality management practices as a mitigating factor for safety hazards and incidents. The findings of this study provide further evidence for using quality management practices as a basis for safety interventions targeted at the agricultural workforce.

  13. Factors Influencing Postsecondary Education Enrollment Behaviors of Urban Agricultural Education Students

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    Esters, Levon T.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that influenced the postsecondary education enrollment behaviors of students who graduated from an urban agricultural education program. Students indicated that parents and/or guardians had the most influence on their decisions to enroll in a postsecondary education program of agriculture.…

  14. Causal Factors Influencing Adversity Quotient of Twelfth Grade and Third-Year Vocational Students

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    Pangma, Rachapoom; Tayraukham, Sombat; Nuangchalerm, Prasart

    2009-01-01

    Problem statement: The aim of this research was to study the causal factors influencing students' adversity between twelfth grade and third-year vocational students in Sisaket province, Thailand. Six hundred and seventy two of twelfth grade and 376 third-year vocational students were selected by multi-stage random sampling techniques. Approach:…

  15. Factors that Influence Career Choice among Native American and African American High School Students

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    Bennett-Smith, Keisha K.

    2011-01-01

    There is a need for research in the area of career choice of minority students in the United States. This descriptive study examined the factors that may influence Native American and African American high school students' career choices. These factors include such variables as parental educational level, family composition, and potential grade…

  16. Factors Influencing the Career Planning and Development of University Students in Jordan

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    Khasawneh, Samer

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to translate and validate an Arabic version of the career influence inventory for use in Jordan. The study also investigated perceptions of university students of the influential factors that have influenced their career planning and development. The validated career influence inventory was administered to 558…

  17. Factors That Influence Students Not To Enroll at the Vanguard Joint Vocational School. Factors That Influence Students Not To Enroll at the Lawrence County Joint Vocational School.

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    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    Two research reports provide results of two Ohio studies to investigate factors that influence a student not to enter a high school vocational curriculum. The studies focus on the Vanguard Joint Vocational School (JVS) and five feeder comprehensive high schools and the Lawrence County JVS and seven feeder comprehensive high schools. Both reports…

  18. Factors Influencing Mathematic Problem-Solving Ability of Sixth Grade Students

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    Sakorn Pimta

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study aims to investigate factors influencing mathematic problem-solving ability of sixth grade students. One thousand and twenty eight of sixth grade students, studying in the second semester of academic year 2007 were sampled by stratified random sampling technique. Approach: The research instruments used in the study included mathematic problem-solving ability test and questionnaires. Data was analyzed by Path Analysis. Results: Factors influencing mathematic problem-solving ability were represented as following: (1 direct factors influencing mathematic problem-solving ability were described that direct and indirect factors influencing mathematic problem-solving ability were attitude towards mathematics, self-esteem and teachers’ teaching behavior. Indirect factors influencing mathematic problem-solving ability were motivation and self-efficacy (2 factor models influencing mathematic problem-solving ability of sixth grade students was associated with visual data (3 The developed model could describe variance of skill in mathematic problem-solving at 63.00 % (R2 = 0.63. Conclusion: Teacher’s behaviors took both direct and indirect effects on the students’ mathematic problem solving. The teachers are supposed to study the methods to develop this ability deeply and then bring them to manage the activities in class that encourage students to be enthusiastic to learn and have good attitude toward mathematic learning or to get students’ concentration.

  19. Factors influencing dental students' specialty choice: a survey of ten graduating classes at one institution.

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    Shin, Jane H; Kinnunen, Taru H; Zarchy, Marisa; Da Silva, John D; Chang, Brian Myung W; Wright, Robert F

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this study was to survey ten graduating classes at Harvard School of Dental Medicine regarding students' specialty choice and factors influencing that choice. Students were surveyed once in 2008 (for the Classes of 2007-11) and again in 2013 (for the Classes of 2012-16). A prior article reported results regarding students' interest in and experiences with prosthodontics; this article presents results regarding their interest in all dental specialties and factors influencing those interests. Of a total 176 students in the Classes of 2012-16, 143 responded to the survey, for a response rate of 81%, compared to a 95% response rate (167 of total 176 students) for the Classes of 2007-11. The results showed that orthodontics was the most popular specialty choice, followed by oral and maxillofacial surgery. From the 2008 to the 2013 survey groups, there was an increase in the percentages of students planning to pursue oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, and postdoctoral general dentistry. The educational debt these students expected to accrue by graduation also increased. The largest percentage of students chose "enjoyment of providing the specialty service" as the factor most influencing their specialty choice. "Prior dental school experience" and "faculty influence" were greater influences for students pursuing specialties than those pursuing postdoctoral general dentistry. Increased interest in particular disciplines may be driven by high debt burdens students face upon graduation. Factors related to mentoring especially influenced students pursuing specialties, demonstrating the importance of student experiences outside direct patient care for exposure to the work of specialists beyond the scope of predoctoral training. This finding suggests that dental schools should increase mentoring efforts to help students make career decisions based not on financial burden but rather on personal interest in the specialty, which is likely to have a

  20. Influence of Demographic Factors on Students' Beliefs in Learning Mathematics

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    Tahir, Izah Mohd; Bakar, Nor Mazlina Abu

    2009-01-01

    Learning mathematics has been recognized by many as important. It does not only develop students' ability to think in quantitative terms but can also enhance skills such as analytical and problem solving skills. However, to enable us to tell our students how important mathematics is we have to understand students' beliefs in learning mathematics…

  1. The Identification of Factors Influencing College Students' Attitudes toward Radioactivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crater, Harold L., Jr.

    The two basic questions considered in this study were: (1) What attitudes do college students hold toward radioactivity? and (2) What are some characteristics associated with the college students who hold the more favorable attitudes toward radioactivity? The sample studied included 1,205 mostly undergraduate students at the University of Texas at…

  2. Factors That Influence Stay Intention of Thai International Students Following Completion of Degrees in China

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    Lin, Yi; Kingminghae, Worapinya

    2017-01-01

    Based on data recently collected in China, this study examined factors influencing Thai international students' stay/leave intentions after completion of degrees in Chinese universities. Paying attention to the concrete situations and lived experiences of international students in a more integrated Asia-Pacific region, we found that…

  3. Supervisor as Supervisee: Factors that Influence Doctoral Students' Self-Efficacy as Supervisors

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    Frick, Melodie Henson

    2009-01-01

    There have been many studies on supervising counselors-in-training; few researchers, however, have empirically examined the experiences of doctoral students as they train to become supervisors. More specifically, little is known about what factors influence the self-efficacy of doctoral students as supervisors-in-training while they work in the…

  4. Transitioning Transfer Students: Interactive Factors that Influence First-Year Retention

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    Luo, Mingchu; Williams, James E.; Vieweg, Bruce

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the diverse patterns of interactive factors that influence transfer students' first-year retention at a midsize four-year university. The population for this study consisted of five cohorts totaling 1,713 full-time, degree-seeking transfer students. Sequential sets of logistic regression analyses on blocks of variables were…

  5. Factors that Influence Students Not to Enroll at the Springfield-Clark Joint Vocational School.

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    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    This study investigated factors that influence students not to enroll at the Springfield-Clark Joint Vocational School (JVS) and in vocational education at the feeder comprehensive high schools. A cluster sample of 357 nonvocational students was selected from junior English classes from the nine feeder schools and administered a questionnaire.…

  6. Factors That Influence a Student Not To Enter into a High School Vocational Curriculum.

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    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    In view of the steady decline in vocational enrollments since 1979, a study was conducted to identify factors that influence students not to enter into a high school vocational curriculum. The study questionnaire was given to 633 nonvocational 11th-grade students from 5 randomly selected southwestern Ohio high schools. One month after the student…

  7. Factors Influencing the Earnings Expectations among Macedonian Students: A Comparative Perspective with the EU Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Andonova

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to assess the earnings expectations of Macedonian students and the main factors that shape their expectations. Previous research has shown that earnings expectation is a major determinant that influences a decision on schooling (Williams and Gordon, 1981; Betts, 1996; Wolter and Zbinden, 2001. Given that the main pathway to developing individual human capital is schooling, learning about factors that affect individual’s decision on whether to acquire more education can contribute towards better educational policy. We employ similar empirical approach as Brunello et al. (2001, 2004. We use available information to regress: i expected future earnings right after university graduation and ii expected future earnings 10 years after graduation, on a set of variables: characteristics of the individual, socio-economic background, field of study, year of study, academic performance, sources of information for future earnings, etc. Our findings show that expected earnings are significantly correlated with the education of the father, year of study, sources of information on earnings in the labor market, gender, ethnicity, having a regular job during studies, perceived employability, field of study, and the country of future employment. In other words, Macedonian students form their earnings expectations in a similar vein as their European counterparts.

  8. Factors Influencing Student Engagement and the Role of Technology in Student Engagement in Higher Education: Campus-Class-Technology Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selim Günüç

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to determine both the factors influencing student engagement and the role and influence of technology on student engagement. The study is important as it aimed at determining the views of students about student engagement and examining in detail the research data to be collected with two different data collection techniques. The present study was designed as a grounded theory study. The research sample included a total of 45 student teachers. Of all the participants, 25 of them participated in face-to-face Interviews, and 20 of them were asked to take part in written compositions. In conclusion, it was seen that the components constituting and influencing student engagement were found to be campus engagement and class engagement. It was found out that for most of the participating students, use of technology in class was not an indispensable factor for student engagement. In addition, an effective technology integration would not only contribute much to student engagement but also constitute an important way of increasing student engagement. Finally, it was seen that use of technology in instructional activities constituted an important factor for student engagement, when the findings obtained via the interviews and the written compositions were taken into consideration together

  9. Accounting Students' Perceptions of Factors Influencing Exam Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thibadoux, Greg M.; Greenberg, Ira S.

    1987-01-01

    Ninety students were pretested and posttested in an accounting principles course to determine how expectations and perceptions of self-control affected their grade on an examination and how the grade changed their perceptions. Students who did poorer than anticipated on the test exhibited some expectancy shifts. (CH)

  10. Students and Lecturers Perspectives on the Factors Influencing Ones Metaphor Competence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ienneke Indra Dewi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This article aimed to see the perspective of lecturers and students regarding the factors influencing peoples metaphor competence in daily life. Twenty-one students were interviewed and ten lecturers were sent a questionnaire asking about the factors that might influence the use of metaphors. The results show that both lecturers and students agree that language mastery is not the only one which determines the ability of people in comprehending and producing metaphors. Other non-linguistic factors such as habits, environment, personality, social network, logical thinking and general knowledge also influence people. The respondents propose that metaphors are to be taught to students not only in language subjects but also in other subjects such as Character Building or other social subjects.

  11. Factors Influencing the Development of Middle School Students' Interest in Statistical Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmichael, Colin; Callingham, Rosemary; Watson, Jane; Hay, Ian

    2009-01-01

    This paper reviews factors that contribute to the development of middle school students' interest in statistical literacy and its motivational influence on learning. To date very little research has specifically examined the influence of positive affect such as interest on learning in the middle-school statistics context. Two bodies of associated…

  12. Homeschooled Students in College: Background Influences, College Integration, and Environmental Pull Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolle-Brummond, Mary Beth; Wessel, Roger D.

    2012-01-01

    How do pre-entry attributes of homeschooled students influence their college experience? What are their academic and social integration patterns? What role did outside factors play in their college experience? Using Tinto's research as a foundation, this study examined the influence of pre-entry attributes on the college experience, academic and…

  13. Exploring Factors Influencing International Students' Decision to Choose a Higher Education Institution: A Comparison between Chinese and Other Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    James-MacEachern, Melissa; Yun, Dongkoo

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: There is little research into small higher education institutions and international students' choice in selecting these institutions. The purpose of this paper is to understand the factors that influence international student choices in selecting a small institution. In particular, this study compares the differences between Chinese…

  14. Factors influencing development of professional values among nursing students

    OpenAIRE

    Donmez, Renginar Ozturk; Ozsoy, Suheyla

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To determine the professional values of Turkish nursing students, and to explore the relationships between their characteristics. Methods: The cross-sectional study participants consisted of 416 nursing students who were studying in a nursing faculty in Western Turkey. A questionnaire was used to identify socio-demographic and educational characteristics and the Nursing Professional Values Scale- Revised (NPVS-R) was used for this study.. Results: The total mean score of the NPVS-R...

  15. Factors Influencing High School Students' Science Enrollments Patterns: Academic Abilities, Parental Influences, and Attitudes toward Science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoury, Ghada A.; Voss, Burton E.

    This study was designed, using a path analytic model, to assess the relative impact of different factors on science concentration decisions made by grade 10 high school students (N=237). Included in the model were selected demographic and socioeconomic factors, academic abilities factors (including logical thinking), indicators of home and school…

  16. The student fieldwork experience: influencing factors and implications for learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyle, Alan; Stokes, Alison

    2010-05-01

    Fieldwork has always been a crucial component of undergraduate geoscience degrees, yet our understanding of the learning processes that operate in a field environment is limited. Learning is a complex process, and there is increasing interest in the role played in this process by the affective domain, in particular the link between affect (emotion and attitude) and cognition (understanding). This presentation covers two UK-based studies that investigated the impact of residential geoscience fieldwork on students' affective responses (e.g. feelings, attitudes, motivations), and their subsequent learning outcomes; student affective responses are thought to be linked to the adoption of effective approaches to learning. The first study involved ~300 students from 7 UK universities undertaking residential field classes in, geography, earth and environmental sciences (GEES disciplines). Mixed-format surveys applied before and after fieldwork demonstrated significant effects in the affective domain. In general, student responses were very positive prior to fieldwork and became more positive as a result of the field experience. The data were analysed for any subgroup differences (gender, age, previous experience) but the only significant difference concerned levels of anxiety amongst some groups of students prior to fieldwork. However, post fieldwork surveys showed that the field experience mitigated these anxieties; for most it was not as bad as they thought it would be. This study demonstrated that fieldwork generated positive attitudes amongst students to their subject of study as well as development of ‘soft' interpersonal skills. The second study collected qualitative and quantitative data from 62 students at a single UK university before, during and after a nine day geologic mapping-training field course, a style of fieldwork not surveyed in the first study. As with the first study, pre-field class positive affects became strengthened, while negative feelings and

  17. Factors Influencing Selection of Higher Education Institutions in Finland by Foreign Students : Marketing Higher Education Services to Foreign Students

    OpenAIRE

    Kunwar, Jeet

    2017-01-01

    Increasingly Finland has turned out to be a popular destination for foreign students seeking higher education institutions (HEIs) for further studies abroad. In this context, it is natural to try to understand how foreign students evaluate their choices for HEIs globally and more specifically within Finland. The aim of this study is to find out the factors which influence selection of HEIs by foreign students. Ultimately, the aim of the study is to develop appropriate marketing strategies for...

  18. Factors That Influence Students to Participate in Team Decision Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forrester, William R.; Tashchian, Armen

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of personality on participation in decision making in a sample of 225 business students. The Neo-FFI scale was used to measure the five personality dimensions of openness, agreeableness, extroversion, conscientiousness and neuroticism. Analysis indicated that personality dimensions, extroversion and…

  19. Factors Influencing Contraceptive Behavior of Single College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxwell, Joseph W.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    This study investigates the premarital contraceptive behavior of 222 male and female college students. Contraceptive practice was examined in relation to dating patterns, level of emotional involvement with sex partners, types of birth control used, number of different sex partners, and reasons for failure to use birth control. (Author)

  20. Factors Influencing Students' Likelihood to Purchase Electronic Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Robert W.; Baker-Eveleth, Lori

    2013-01-01

    Technological advances touch multiple aspects of an individual's life. One such example is the use of information technology to provide online books. Online books have been introduced in education in the form of electronic textbooks (e-texts). The research question examined here is among those students who have purchased or used an e-text, what…

  1. Examining the lived experience and factors influencing education of two student veterans using photovoice methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomar, Nikhil; Stoffel, Virginia

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. We sought to understand the lived experience of 2 student veterans and identify factors influencing their higher education. METHOD. A qualitative research design was used with 2 student veterans who engaged in photovoice methodology. We analyzed their photographs, accompanying narratives, and discussion session transcripts using descriptive coding and thematic analysis. RESULTS. Data analysis revealed four themes: (1) reminiscence of past duty and reflections on military life, (2) transition from military life to civilian student life, (3) entry to a new stage of life, and (4) influence of the university and community environment. CONCLUSION. Findings from this study revealed factors influencing student veterans' education and can be used to develop occupation-based interventions to assist veterans who engage in higher education. Copyright © 2014 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.

  2. Factors influencing korean international students' preferences for mental health professionals: a conjoint analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Eun-Jeong; Chan, Fong; Ditchman, Nicole; Feigon, Maia

    2014-01-01

    Asian students comprise over half of all international students in the United States, yet little is known about their help-seeking behaviors and preferences for mental health professionals. The purpose of this study was to use conjoint analysis to examine characteristics of mental health professionals influencing Korean international students' preferences when choosing a mental health professional. Korean international students from three universities in the United States were recruited on a volunteer basis to participate in this study (N = 114). Results indicated that mental health professional characteristics, including ethnicity, age, professional identity, and training institution, were significant factors in students' preference formation; however, gender of the mental health professional was not found to be a significant factor in the present study. Ethnic similarity was the most powerful predictor of preference formation. Implications for promoting help-seeking and mental health service utilization among Asian international students are discussed.

  3. Primary care specialty career choice among Canadian medical students: Understanding the factors that influence their decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborn, Heather Ann; Glicksman, Jordan T; Brandt, Michael G; Doyle, Philip C; Fung, Kevin

    2017-02-01

    To identify which factors influence medical students' decision to choose a career in family medicine and pediatrics, and which factors influence their decision to choose careers in non-front-line specialties. Survey that was created based on a comprehensive literature review to determine which factors are considered important when choosing practice specialty. Ontario medical school. An open cohort of medical students in the graduating classes of 2008 to 2011 (inclusive). The main factors that influenced participants' decision to choose a career in primary care or pediatrics, and the main factors that influenced participants' decision to choose a career in a non-front-line specialty. A total of 323 participants were included in this study. Factors that significantly influenced participants' career choice in family medicine or pediatrics involved work-life balance (acceptable hours of practice [P = .005], acceptable on-call demands [P = .012], and lifestyle flexibility [P = .006]); a robust physician-patient relationship (ability to promote individual health promotion [P = .014] and the opportunity to form long-term relationships [P high income (P students' career choice in family medicine and pediatrics, and 6 factors influenced the decision to choose a career in a non-front-line specialty. Medical students can be encouraged to explore a career in family medicine or pediatrics by addressing misinformation, by encouraging realistic expectations of career outcomes in the various specialties, and by demonstrating the capacity of primary care fields to incorporate specific motivating factors. Copyright© the College of Family Physicians of Canada.

  4. Studying abroad: Exploring factors influencing nursing students' decisions to apply for clinical placements in international settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kent-Wilkinson, Arlene; Dietrich Leurer, Marie; Luimes, Janet; Ferguson, Linda; Murray, Lee

    2015-08-01

    For over 15 years the College of Nursing at the University of Saskatchewan has facilitated study abroad clinical placements in a number of countries to enhance student learning. Nursing students often find their study abroad experience to be a defining moment in their educational program, and in their personal and professional growth. The main objective of this research was to explore factors influencing nursing students' decisions to study abroad. A descriptive longitudinal design study was conducted using an online survey. The Study Abroad Survey was distributed to all undergraduate and graduate nursing students, in all years of all programs, at all sites of the College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan in Saskatchewan, Canada. A total of 1058 nursing students registered in the 2013-2014 academic year were surveyed. The data were collected using an online survey administered by Campus Labs™ (2014). Students indicated that their interest in study abroad international experiences was high (84%), with many perceived benefits, but barriers to participation were also high for these students. Financial barriers topped the list (71%), followed by family responsibilities (30%) and job obligations (23%). The research highlights the factors behind student decision making related to international placements, and provides the basis for improvements to the College of Nursing's International Study Abroad Program (ISAP). Previous travel and international service learning, resulting in increased perceived value of a study abroad experience may prove to be the more significant factor influencing decision making, rather than financial barrier. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. A study of the factors influencing school-going students considering medical careers.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McHugh, S M

    2012-02-01

    INTRODUCTION: Obtaining a place in an Irish medical school is extremely competitive, a situation mirrored in many other countries. We aimed to determine the factors influencing school students in deciding to study medicine in university. We further determined what level of interest exists in pursuing a surgical career after completion of medical school. METHODS: The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland hosts an annual "Introduction to Medicine" programme for senior school children. Attendees were surveyed using a Likert scale to examine the factors influencing the group in choosing to study medicine, and pursue surgery as their ultimate career choice. RESULTS: A total of 128 completed the survey, giving a response rate of 100%. The opportunity to help others was most the most influential factors cited by students (97%). Males were significantly more likely to have an interest in a career in surgery rather than medicine (p = 0.003), and ranked "financial reward" (p = 0.036) as a more significant factors in influencing career choice than did females. CONCLUSIONS: A clear understanding of these factors influencing our students in their career choices and a strategy of recruitment based on these is imperative in order to optimize recruitment of students most suited to working as doctors.

  6. Factors influencing students' perceptions of their teachers' interpersonal behaviour: A multilevel analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Fisher, D.; den Brok, P.; Rickards, T.

    2006-01-01

    This study investigates which student, teacher and class characteristics are associated with students' perceptions of their science teachers' interpersonal behaviour. Using the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI), two important dimensions of teacher interpersonal behaviour were investigated: influence (dominance vs. submission) and proximity (cooperation vs. opposition). Earlier work with the QTI in the USA and The Netherlands has shown that, in those countries, several factors affect ...

  7. AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE DECISION OF STUDENTS TO STUDY AT UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Liza Fernandez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The higher education sector in Malaysia includes public and private tertiary institutions. Malaysian institutions of higher learning are facing a host of challenges, including a high degree of competition among institutions due to the emergence of new colleges and universities, reduced funding from the government, and the need to upgrade education services continuously to meet the demands of the market. The challenges are even greater for Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM, an institution that the Ministry of Higher Education chose to transform within the next five years to become the Accelerated Programme for Excellence (APEX university in Malaysia and a world-class institution. In order for USM to rise to the level of an APEX university and attract the best students, it is important to understand how students select colleges or universities. This study examines: (i the reasons students pursue higher education; (ii the sources of information used by students to help choose a tertiary institution; (iii the factors that influence students' choices of public versus private institutions; and (iv the factors that influence students' decisions to study at USM. The results of this study indicate that the main reasons that students pursue higher education are to improve their job prospects and to gain knowledge and experience. This study shows that students choose tertiary institutions based on information gathered from various sources, of which, the Internet is the most popular. A student's preference for a public institution is influenced primarily by considerations of quality of education and pecuniary factors. Finally, the decision to study at USM is attributed to USM's strong business links, good reputation, adequate facilities, and availability of programmes and courses that suit the students' needs.

  8. Integrating Two Cultures Successfully: Factors Influencing Acculturation Attitude of International Postgraduate Students in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafaei, Azadeh; Abd Razak, Nordin; Nejati, Mehran

    2016-01-01

    Based on Berry's seminal work on the acculturation process, this study examines the pattern of acculturation attitude among international postgraduate students in Malaysia, an emerging education hub in Asia. It also investigates the influence of several demographic factors (gender, geographical region, marital status, and education level) and…

  9. A study of the factors influencing school-going students considering medical careers.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McHugh, S M

    2011-08-01

    Obtaining a place in an Irish medical school is extremely competitive, a situation mirrored in many other countries. We aimed to determine the factors influencing school students in deciding to study medicine in university. We further determined what level of interest exists in pursuing a surgical career after completion of medical school.

  10. Integrating Two Cultures Successfully: Factors Influencing Acculturation Attitude of International Postgraduate Students in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafaei, Azadeh; Abd Razak, Nordin; Nejati, Mehran

    2016-01-01

    Based on Berry's seminal work on the acculturation process, this study examines the pattern of acculturation attitude among international postgraduate students in Malaysia, an emerging education hub in Asia. It also investigates the influence of several demographic factors (gender, geographical region, marital status, and education level) and…

  11. Measuring the Accountability of CTE Programs: Factors that Influence Postcollege Earnings among Community College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maguire, Kenneth J.; Starobin, Soko S.; Laanan, Frankie Santos; Friedel, Janice N.

    2012-01-01

    In this study specific factors were examined to determine their ability to influence fifth-year earnings of community college students in the Manufacturing/Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) career cluster and the Arts/Audiovisual/Technology/ Communication career cluster. State and national data sets from Iowa's Management…

  12. An Assessment of Students' Perceptions toward Factors Influencing Supervised Agricultural Experience Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Lauren J.; Rayfield, John; Moore, Lori L.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate student perceptions toward factors influencing Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) participation. This descriptive study was conducted in 120 randomly selected agricultural education programs throughout four purposively selected states representative of the National FFA regions. Within each state…

  13. Factors Influencing Asian Indian Graduate Students' Attitudes toward People with Disabilities: A Conjoint Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parashar, Divya; Chan, Fong; Leierer, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    Asian Indians are one of the fastest-growing immigrant groups in the United States, yet little is known about their attitudes toward persons with disabilities and rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing Asian Indian students' attitudes toward people with disabilities, using a conjoint analysis design (N = 90).…

  14. Influencing Factors on Choosing Psychiatry as a Career: An Exploration in Chinese University Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Jiawei; Zheng, Luna; Chen, Xiaoling; Gao, Qianqian; Zhang, Bingren; Wang, Wei

    2016-12-01

    There is a consistent need of psychiatric professionals in the world including China, and a consistent challenge to recruit more medical students into the psychiatric careers. We aimed to look for factors which have an impact on career-choosing of psychiatry in Chinese university students. We invited 508 non-medical students (NM), 304 medical students without (MO) and 123 medical students with clinical internship experience (MW), to answer a matrix of 43 questions regarding factors influencing career-choosing of psychiatry. Answers to these questions were analyzed through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, once the latent factors were identified and structurally-validated, their mean scores in three groups of students were calculated. Five factors with five items each were identified, namely social status inferiority, career importance, practice reward, career preference, and practice stress. NM scored lower than MO and MW did on Social Status Inferiority; NM group scored higher than MO and MW groups did on Career Importance; MW scored lower than NM and MO did on Practice Reward and on Career Preference; Regarding Practice Stress, NM scored higher than MO did, who then in turn, scored higher than MW did. In addition, Practice Stress was positively correlated with advice of the medical educators; and Social Status Inferiority and Career Preference were positively correlated with the psychiatry teaching of the medical educators. Raising career rewards, improving social status, and reinforcing psychiatric education might help to recruit more medical students to specialize in psychiatry practicing.

  15. Factors influencing a student's decision to pursue a communications degree in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Sierra Sánchez

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This paper analyzes the factors that influence secondary school students’ choice of higher education options in Spain today and explores the implications and benefits of establishing provider-client relationships between universities and students.Design/methodology/approach: A quantitative approach using questionnaires to demonstrate the hypothesis and achieve the objectives. We have prepared a questionnaire via telematic LimeSurvey application consisting of twenty-four closed questions.Findings: Results depict that the leading criteria for Spanish students interested in pursuing studies in communication sciences were a university’s reputation and excellence and the quality of its educational programmes. In terms of sources of information related to universities and their degree programmes, Spanish communication sciences students placed the highest value on direct and experiential sources. Spanish students interested in pursuing degrees in communication sciences preferred public universities over private universities.Research limitations: It is a descriptive paper. The sample could have been larger and have covered the entire universe of communication schools in Spain.Practical implications: Gain in-depth insight into the academic, cultural, and sociodemographic characteristics of students who choose to pursue an undergraduate degree in communications sciences in Spain.Ascertain which sources of information proved to be the most valuable to prospective students in choosing a university and degree programme and the other factors that influenced their choices by means of a survey involving first-year undergraduate communication sciences students. Use the results of this survey to rank the criteria used by students when choosing a university and degree programme. Gain a clearer picture of how parents and friends influence a student’s choice of degree programmes and universities.Social implications: Knowing the factors of choice

  16. Factors influencing nursing students' academic and clinical performance and attrition: an integrative literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitt, Victoria; Powis, David; Levett-Jones, Tracy; Hunter, Sharyn

    2012-11-01

    Predicted workforce shortages have resulted in government initiatives to increase student numbers in preregistration nursing education. In tandem schools of nursing need to ensure students' progress and complete. The aim of this review was to identify factors that influence preregistration nursing students' academic performance, clinical performance and attrition. An integrative review of both quantitative and qualitative literature was conducted using validated appraisal checklists. The review included studies published from 1999 to 2011 in the databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Proquest nursing, Proquest Education (via Proquest 5000), ERIC, Journals@Ovid, PsychINFO and ScienceDirect. Studies were categorised according to their impact on academic progression, clinical progression and attrition. Forty four studies were found; most used quantitative methodologies. The review identified that few studies explored factors that impact on students' clinical performance. The four categories that potentially impact on nursing students' academic performance and attrition were: demographic, academic, cognitive and personality/behavioural factors. The challenge for universities committed to students' success is to develop strategies aimed at addressing these factors that are appropriate to specific contexts and student cohorts.

  17. Factors Influencing Residency Program Selection by Medical Students Pursuing Obstetrics and Gynecology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alston, Meredith J; Metz, Torri D; Fothergill, Russell; Meg Autry, Amy; Wagner, Sarah A; Allshouse, Amanda A; Stephenson-Famy, Alyssa

    2017-02-01

    Little is known about the factors that influence medical student selection of obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) residency programs. We assessed the factors influencing residency program selection by fourth-year medical students pursuing ob-gyn training. A voluntary, anonymous, 19-question survey of residency selection factors was distributed to all fourth-year medical students interviewing at 1 of 5 academic ob-gyn departments for a residency position during the 2013-2014 interview season. Participants were surveyed about the relative importance (not important, somewhat important, important) of various residency selection factors, including operative experience, exposure to subspecialties, curricular experience, access to fellowships, and administrative aspects of residency, including adherence to duty hour restrictions. Of 322 potential respondents, 262 (81%) completed the survey. Surgical training and training in laparoscopic surgery were deemed "important" by nearly all respondents (98%, 258 of 262, and 97%, 253 of 262, respectively). Factors that were considered "not important" by a significant group of respondents included maternity/paternity leave policies (22%, 58 of 259); opportunity for international rotations/electives (20%, 51 of 259); exposure to quality and safety initiatives (13%, 34 of 259); and training in abortion (13%, 34 of 262). Fourth-year medical students identified surgical training as the most important factor in selecting an ob-gyn residency, a finding that is particularly relevant as decreasing and changing surgical volumes affect residency training in this specialty.

  18. Factors influencing students' decisions to choose healthy or unhealthy snacks at the University of Newcastle, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei-Lin, Hsieh

    2004-06-01

    The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing selection of healthy and unhealthy snacks among students. Ten students who study at the University of Newcastle in Australia participated in semi-structured interviews. Content analysis was used to analyse the data. The findings indicated that a variety of food was consumed by the students. Students classified snacks generally as unhealthy. Four major themes that emerged were: the perception of healthy and unhealthy snacks, the factors related to selection of healthy and unhealthy snacks, feelings related to consumption of snacks, and ways to avoid unhealthy snacks. Factors influencing choices about healthy or unhealthy snacks were environment, availability of the snacks, study pressure, health problems, habits, and social activity. The limitation of this study was the small size of the sample, resulting in the fact that no general conclusions could be drawn. The results however, could help school nurses to gain a deeper understanding of university students ' snacking patterns. It might also assist school nurses in the development of healthy eating guidance for university students.

  19. Influence of stress factors and socio-demographic characteristics on the sleep quality of nursing students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Betzabeth Ticona Benavente

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective:To analyze the influence of stress factors and socio-demographic characteristics on the sleep quality of nursing students. Method: An analytical cross-sectional and quantitative study, conducted with 151 nursing students in São Paulo between March and April of 2012. A form for socio-demographic characteristics, the Instrument to Evaluate Stress in Nursing Students and the Pittsburgh Sleep Index were applied. Results: High levels of stress was predominant for Time Management (27.8% and Professional Training (30.5% and low sleep quality (78.8%. The Professional Communication, Professional Training and Theoretical Activity are positively correlated to sleep quality. Work activity, academic year and time for daily studies contributed to a low quality of sleep. Conclusion: Few stress factors from the academic environment and some socio-demographic characteristics contributed to the reduction of sleep quality in students.

  20. Factors influencing the choice of profession of first-year teaching students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Hislop-Esterhuizen

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The lack of appropriately qualified teachers in South Africa is growing rapidly and debates about the decline in teacher numbers in South Africa are increasing. In this study, the results of an investigation into possible factors that impact on the career choice of teaching students are reported. The reasons why first-year teaching students at the University of Pretoria chose teachings a career were studied by using a non-experimental design (survey design; administering anon-standardised questionnaire. The results revealed, inter alia, that a number of factors influence the career choice of first-year teaching students. Trends that emerged from the current study include the following: many more women than men enter the teaching profession; relatively few African language speaking students choose education as a field of study and the role of parents in helping their children to choose a career cannot be underestimated. 

  1. Which factors influence students' selection of advanced graduate programs? One institution's experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeed, Sophia; Jimenez, Monik; Howell, Howard; Karimbux, Nadeem; Sukotjo, Cortino

    2008-06-01

    The reasons that students choose certain specialties may be integral to the quality of specialty programs and the future of those specialties. The Harvard School of Dental Medicine (HSDM) has a high percentage (87.6 percent) of students who enroll in postgraduate programs. The goals of this study were to establish a baseline of factors that affect postgraduate program selection at HSDM and to determine if there was a significant difference in factor selection by gender, relationship status, graduation year, or choice to specialize versus choice to pursue advanced training in general dentistry. As a pilot study, we asked HSDM graduates from the classes of 2005 to 2007 to rank the importance of forty-two factors in selecting a field of dentistry and a particular program or institution within a specialty. Overall, students felt that intellectual content, challenging diagnostic problems, and possessing a special skill or talent unique to a specialty were the most important factors in choosing a field of dentistry. Influence of family members in dentistry was ranked as least important. In choice of a certain program or institution within a given field, clinical training and philosophy of training were ranked most highly. Students felt that the opportunity to moonlight was least important. Significant differences (p<0.05) were found regarding gender, relationship status, and students who chose to specialize versus those pursuing advanced general dentistry training. No significant differences were found among the students in different graduating classes.

  2. Factors influencing development of professional values among nursing students and instructors: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parandeh, Akram; Khaghanizade, Morteza; Mohammadi, Eesa; Mokhtari Nouri, Jamileh

    2014-11-16

    Professional values are standards of behavior for performance that provide a framework for appraising beliefs and attitudes that influence behavior. Development of professional values has been a continuous and long process and it is influenced by different factors. The aim of this study is "assessing different factors influencing development of professional values among nursing students and instructors". In this systematic review, a broad research was performed to find articles from Persian and English databases: pub Med, Pro quest, Elsevier, SID, Google scholar, Ovid and Iran Doc; nursing student, instructors, ethics, professional value, ethical value and educators were used as the key words. Among 3205 achieved articles, by eliminating repeated ones, 22 articles were assessed during the period 1995-2013. Data achieved from the articles were summarized, categorized and analyzed based on the research question. In this study "education and achieving professional experiences", "Students and instructors' perspectives on professional values", "the role of culture in considering and developing professional special values" and "the effect of learners' individual characteristics" were extracted as the four main themes. Considering the effect of educational, cultural and individual factors in developing nurses' professional values; it is recommended to the educational and health centers to consider value-based cares in clinical environments for the patients in addition to considering the content of educational programs based on ethical values in the students' curriculum.

  3. Which Master of Business Administration (MBA)? Factors Influencing Prospective Students' Choice of MBA Programme--An Empirical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackburn, Greg

    2011-01-01

    Factors which influence students' selection of a Master of Business Administration programme are identified and the variation in their relative importance across the student population investigated. This research also identifies the features of a university which attracts students, as well as examining the students' perceptions of the management…

  4. Which Master of Business Administration (MBA)? Factors Influencing Prospective Students' Choice of MBA Programme--An Empirical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackburn, Greg

    2011-01-01

    Factors which influence students' selection of a Master of Business Administration programme are identified and the variation in their relative importance across the student population investigated. This research also identifies the features of a university which attracts students, as well as examining the students' perceptions of the management…

  5. Factors influencing student nurse decisions to report poor practice witnessed while on placement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ion, R; Smith, K; Nimmo, S; Rice, A M; McMillan, L

    2015-07-01

    While it is commonly accepted that nursing care is generally of a good standard, it would be naïve to think that this is always the case. Over recent years, concern about aspects of the quality of some nursing care has grown. In tandem with this, there is recognition that nurses do not always report poor practice. As future registrants, student nurses have a role to play in changing this culture. We know, however, relatively little about the factors that influence student decisions on whether or not to report. In the absence of a more nuanced understanding of this issue, we run the risk of assuming students will speak out simply because we say they should. To explore influences on student decisions about whether or not to report poor clinical practice, which is a result of deliberate action and which is witnessed while on placement. Qualitative interviews were conducted with thirteen pre-registration nursing students from the UK. Participants included both adult and mental health nurses with an age range from 20 to 47. Data were analysed to identify key themes. Category integrity and fit with data were confirmed by a team member following initial analysis. Four themes. The first of these, 'I had no choice' described the personal and ethical drivers which influenced students to report. 'Consequences for self' and 'Living with ambiguity' provide an account of why some students struggle to report, while 'Being prepared' summarised arguments both for and against reporting concerns. While there is a drive to promote openness in health care settings and an expectation that staff will raise concerns the reality is that the decision to do this can be very difficult. This is the case for some student nurses. Our results suggest ways in which educationalists might intervene to support students who witness poor practice to report. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Influence of Students' Affective and Conative Factors on Laboratory Learning: Moderating Effect of Online Social Network Attention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Wu-Yuin; Kongcharoen, Chaknarin; Ghinea, Gheorghita

    2017-01-01

    According to aptitude theory, the measures of aptitude include not only cognitive factors but also affective factors (i.e., emotions) and conative factors (i.e., motivation) that can influence students' learning achievement (LA). Therefore, this study employed structural equation modelling from experimental data of 96 college students to…

  7. Influence of Students' Affective and Conative Factors on Laboratory Learning: Moderating Effect of Online Social Network Attention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Wu-Yuin; Kongcharoen, Chaknarin; Ghinea, Gheorghita

    2017-01-01

    According to aptitude theory, the measures of aptitude include not only cognitive factors but also affective factors (i.e., emotions) and conative factors (i.e., motivation) that can influence students' learning achievement (LA). Therefore, this study employed structural equation modelling from experimental data of 96 college students to…

  8. Structured oral examination in pharmacology for undergraduate medical students: Factors influencing its implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khilnani, Ajeet Kumar; Charan, Jaykaran; Thaddanee, Rekha; Pathak, Rakesh R; Makwana, Sohil; Khilnani, Gurudas

    2015-01-01

    The study aims to understand the process and factors influencing the implementation of structured oral examination (SOE) for undergraduate medical students; in comparison with conventional oral examination (COE) in pharmacology. In a randomized, parallel group study, 123 students of pharmacology were divided into two groups, SOE (n = 63) and COE (n = 60). Students of each group were subdivided into two, and four examiners took viva voce individually. Three sets of questionnaires from autonomic nervous system were prepared, each having 15 items with increasing difficulty levels and were validated by subject experts and pretested. Ten minutes were allotted for each student for each viva. Feedback of students and faculty about the novel method was obtained. SOE yielded significantly lower marks as compared to COE. There were significant inter-examiner variations in marks awarded in SOE and COE. Other factors influencing implementation were difficulty in structuring viva, rigid time limits, lack of flexibility in knowledge content, monotony, and fatigue. The students perceived this format not different from COE but felt that it required in-depth preparation of topic. Faculty opined that SOE led to less drift from main topic and provided uniform coverage of topics in given time. Conducting SOE is a resource-intensive exercise. Despite structuring, inter-examiner variability was not completely eliminated. The students' performance was depended on factors related to examiners such as teaching experience, vernacular language used, and lack of training. Orientation and training of examiners in assessment strategies is necessary. Standardization of questionnaire is necessary before the implementation of SOE for summative assessment.

  9. Factors Influencing Development of Professional Values Among Nursing Students and Instructors: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parandeh, Akram; Khaghanizade, Morteza; Mohammadi, Eesa; Nouri, Jamileh Mokhtari

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Professional values are standards of behavior for performance that provide a framework for appraising beliefs and attitudes that influence behavior. Development of professional values has been a continuous and long process and it is influenced by different factors. The aim of this study is “assessing different factors influencing development of professional values among nursing students and instructors”. Method: In this systematic review, a broad research was performed to find articles from Persian and English databases: pub Med, Pro quest, Elsevier, SID, Google scholar, Ovid and Iran Doc; nursing student, instructors, ethics, professional value, ethical value and educators were used as the key words. Among 3205 achieved articles, by eliminating repeated ones, 22 articles were assessed during the period 1995–2013. Data achieved from the articles were summarized, categorized and analyzed based on the research question. Results: In this study “education and achieving professional experiences”, “Students and instructors’ perspectives on professional values”, “the role of culture in considering and developing professional special values” and “the effect of learners’ individual characteristics” were extracted as the four main themes. Conclusion: Considering the effect of educational, cultural and individual factors in developing nurses’ professional values; it is recommended to the educational and health centers to consider value-based cares in clinical environments for the patients in addition to considering the content of educational programs based on ethical values in the students’ curriculum. PMID:25716397

  10. Factors Influencing Intention to Adopt Internet Banking by Postgraduate Students of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omotayo FO

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the factors influencing intention to adopt internet banking by postgraduate students of the University of Ibadan Nigeria. The study adopted the Technology Acceptance Model and Theory of Planned Behaviour as the theoretical framework. The survey instrument employed involved design and administration of a total of 522 survey questionnaires within the University. The results of the study reveal no significant relationship between demographic characteristics of the students and intention to adopt internet banking, while the individual factors (attitude, trust, perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use and perceived behavioural control, and social factor (subjective norms significantly influenced intention of the students to adoption internet banking. The study concludes that even though some students are yet to adopt the use of internet banking, their attitude towards online banking is favourable. It is therefore recommended that banks should intensify efforts to improve the security of online banking platform as well as continue to educate their customers on the perceived benefits of internet banking in addition to making the platform more user-friendly and easy to use.

  11. Factors Influencing the Degree Progress of International PhD Students from Africa: An Exploratory Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almoustapha Oumarou Soumana

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades some countries of the Middle East have offered facilities to attract international students to pursue their higher education within their higher education institutions. The purpose of this study is to understand the difficulties faced by these students while conducting their studies abroad, and in doing so, to broaden the awareness of the challenges they face to complete their research. The participants of this qualitative study are international PhD students studying at a Middle Eastern public university. The university has reported increasing enrollment of international students, particularly from Africa in the last few years. Data were collected using a set of semi-structured interviews that drew out information on critical incidents that characterized the kind of difficulties students had faced in their studies. The data collected was further analyzed using a qualitative software package, NVivo (QSR International, 11. Six main themes came out from the content analysis of the interviews, which are the role of the adviser, student features, funding issues, family engagement, research and psychological obstacles which provide a holistic picture of student perspectives on the factors that influence degree progress. While these students might have faced difficulties mentioned in existing literature, this study argues that the participants have indicated experiencing psychological obstacles that were not described in earlier studies, such as the state of mind they were in as a result of being worried for family members due to war or violence in their home countries, and drop in currency exchange rates and difficulties in acquiring money due to international sanctions imposed against their countries. This study provides important thoughts on the factors that impact the degree progress of international PhD students from Africa, while at the same time revealing a serious gap in the advisers’ role which can contribute to the

  12. The Study of Factors Influencing Smoking among Male University Students in Kermanshah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siamak Mohebbi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Due to the rapid growth of smoking prevalence and due to the necessity of knowing the problem, in order to sensitize the community and the health officials, the present study aimed to determine factors influencing smoking among male university students in kermanshah based on BASNEF Model. Methods: In this cross-sectional study 569 students studying in Kermanshah in 1387 were selected through snowball sampling procedure. The data was collected through a valid and reliable researcher- made questionnaire consisting of 70 questions in 5 sections of demographic, awareness, attitude, enabling and norms. Using SPSS, the data was analyzed through chi-square and one-way ANOVA. Results: In this study, the mean scores for awareness and attitude about smoking among students were respectively 89±7/1 and 72/7±6/2. There was no significant relationship between numbers of cigarettes smoked and the university kind or educational levels of students. The most frequent enabling factor for smoking was easy access to cigarette and the most influencing social norm in smoking was student’s close friends. Calmness (38/3% was the most frequent belief about smoking among the target population, and lack of suitable pastimes and curiosity were the most important reasons to try smoking for the first time. Conclusion: In this study, having smoking friends as the most obvious factor for inclination toward smoking demonstrates the role of peer group pressure among young people. The second outstanding factor among abstract social norms was smoking parents. University instructors and TV film stars were other factors which influenced students’ intention to smoke.

  13. Factors influencing nursing students' acceptance of electronic health records for nursing education (EHRNE) software program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowitlawakul, Yanika; Chan, Sally Wai Chi; Pulcini, Joyce; Wang, Wenru

    2015-01-01

    The Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the Health Information Technology Act (2009) in America had recommended that electronic health records (EHRs) should be fully adopted by 2014. This has urged educational institutions to prepare healthcare professionals to be competent in using electronic health records (EHRs) while they are in schools. To equip nursing students with competency in using EHRs, an electronic health record for nursing education (EHRNE) has been developed and integrated it into nursing curricula. The purposes of the study were to investigate the factors influencing nursing students' acceptance of the EHRs in nursing education using the extended Technology Acceptance Model with self-efficacy as a conceptual framework. The study is a descriptive study design using self-reported questionnaires with 212 student participants. The IBM SPSS and AMOS 22.0 were used to analyze the data. The results showed that attitude toward using the EHRNE was the most influential factor on students' acceptance. The preliminary findings suggested that to enhance the students' acceptance of the EHRNE, cultivation of a positive attitude toward using this EHR as well as increasing the perceived usefulness is very important. Also, the study's framework could be used in guiding learning health informatics and be applied to nursing students.

  14. The Factors of Influencing College Student's Belief in Consumption-type Internet Rumors

    OpenAIRE

    Chaoyun Liang; Wen-Shou Chou; Yu-Ling Hsu

    2009-01-01

    The study is aimed at exploring the factors of influencing college student's belief in consumption-type Internet rumors. A special interest is facused on the correlative causality of “source credibility,” “affection,” and “involvement,” which are operated as the main variable effects on college students’ belief in these rumors. By using “involvement” as a moderator, this study analyzes its correlation with the other factors. This study is designed to awaken college students’ attention to mess...

  15. Factors influencing South African optometry students in choosing their career and institution of learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. P. Mashige

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Thechoice of an appropriate career, occupation or profession is one of the most important decisions hat one makes in life and there are many factors which may influence such a decision. The purpose of this study was to establish the factors which influenced students currently studying optometry in South African institutions in deciding on the course of study and choice of institution. Data was collected with a questionnaire on demographics of the students and the factors that might have influenced their choice of optometry as a career and their institution of learning. Data was analysed with descriptive and cross-tabulation statistics. Three hundred and eighty seven students responded to the questionnaire (80.1% response rate. Their ages ranged from 17 to 40 years with a mean of 20.73 ± 2.46 years and included 30.5% males and 69.5% females. They were from the University of Free State 25.1%, University of Johannesburg (29.5%, University of KwaZulu-Natal (29.7% and the University of Limpopo(15.7%. There were 38% Whites, 36.7% Blacks, 22.2% Indians and 3.1% Coloureds. The highest rated factors which influenced their choice of optometry were the desire to help other people (92.8%, job availability after graduation (92%, subjects passed and points obtained in the matric year (91.2% and the potential to earn a good salary (88.6%, respectively. Few rated news and other media (20.9% as an important factor in their decision to choose their current institution of learning while 29.5% reported that failure to gain admission to study other degrees was an important factor. These results may be useful to institutions offering optometry degrees to formulate effective recruitment strategies to attract quality students. Also, they may be useful to career counsellors in counselling prospective students on their career choice and institution of learning. (S Afr Optom 2011 70(1 21-28

  16. The "Perfect" Senior (VCE) Secondary Physical Education Teacher: Student Perceptions of Teacher-Related Factors That Influence Academic Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whittle, Rachael J.; Telford, Amanda; Benson, Amanda C.

    2015-01-01

    Improving student academic performance in senior-secondary education increases student opportunities for employment, training and further education. The aim of this research was to identify students', completing the Victorian Certificate of Education (VCE) Physical Education, perceptions of teacher-related factors that influence subject specific…

  17. Analysis of Factors Influencing Interest in STEM Career: Comparison between American and Turkish High School Students with High Ability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahar, Abdulkadir; Adiguzel, Tufan

    2016-01-01

    The low number of students studying or applying for STEM subjects and workforce demand has been prioritized in almost all countries policies. This study intended to examine factors that influenced American and Turkish students to pursue a degree or career in STEM-related fields. Participants of the study were 86 high-ability students selected from…

  18. Student Opinions on Factors Influencing Tutorials at Walter Sisulu University, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garí Calzada, Mayra A; Iputo, Jehu E

    2015-07-01

    INTRODUCTION Problem-based learning harmonized with education in and for the community is the cornerstone of the curriculum for the undergraduate medical degree at Walter Sisulu University, Mthatha, South Africa. In tutorials, students construct knowledge and learn to work collaboratively while interacting with one another in their search for solutions to a pedagogically modeled health issue based on a patient. Problems cover students' needs defined by the learning cycle of the second year medical curriculum, organized into four learning blocks. OBJECTIVES Determine student perspectives on which factors affect tutorial group functioning and detect the reported presence of these factors in the four learning blocks comprising the second year of medical studies at Walter Sisulu University. METHODS Twenty second-year medical students were chosen by stratified random sampling and assigned to two focus groups. One group discussed factors that foster smooth functioning of the tutorial group; the other focused on factors hindering effective group work. Later, in a joint session, 17 items previously identified by both groups were selected and included in a survey given to all 97 students at the end of second year. The survey assessed presence of each item in 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 of the learning blocks. RESULTS Survey response was 93.8%. Mean reported presence of factors that influenced tutorials in the four learning blocks was 2.71 (SD 0.31) for the social dimension, 3.02 for motivational (SD 0.02), 3.00 for cognitive (SD 0.42), and 2.22 for self-directed learning (SD 0.79). CONCLUSIONS Tutorial group performance at Walter Sisulu University is positively influenced more by motivational and cognitive factors than by social and self-directed learning factors. Social dimensions should be prioritized when training tutors and self-directed learning stressed for students. The poor productivity of extra-tutorial group discussions suggests the need for a critical evaluation of this

  19. Effects of an Educational Experience Incorporating an Inventory of Factors Potentially Influencing Student Acceptance of Biological Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiles, Jason R.; Alters, Brian

    2011-01-01

    This investigation provides an extensive review of scientific, religious, and otherwise non-scientific factors that may influence student acceptance of biological evolution. We also measure the extent to which students' levels of acceptance changed following an educational experience designed to address an inclusive inventory of factors identified…

  20. Survey on the Factors Influencing Oral English Proficiency for Senior Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Shu-ling

    2013-01-01

    This paper is to get some feedbacks from senior students and teachers on factors influencing their oral English profi-ciency and give some efficient suggestions in improving their oral English proficiency. The survey by questionnaire and observa-tion to English class indicates senior students’low proficiency in oral English is due to the English learning setting, students’ problems and teachers’problems. To find out the satisfying ways to improve students’oral English ability, the author gives some suggestions to achieve an ideal goal.

  1. Being Labeled "Nerd": Factors that Influence the Social Acceptance of High-Achieving Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rentzsch, Katrin; Schutz, Astrid; Schroder-Abe, Michela

    2011-01-01

    The present investigation addresses the question of whether certain factors can protect high-achieving students at risk for being labeled a nerd against devaluation. In 2 studies, 125 and 317 students from Grade 8 evaluated vignettes describing average students and students who were called "nerds." Results indicate that being modest…

  2. Self-Reported Factors That Influence Choice of College-Bound Students in Lebanon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abou-Nassif, Samir M.

    2011-01-01

    The number of students entering universities in Lebanon has steadily increased in the past ten years. This trend makes it imperative that the different stakeholders, like students, parents, schools, universities, and education officials, understand what influences the decision of a student to choose a specific college. Understanding these factors…

  3. An Exploratory Study of the Factors Influencing Undergraduate Student Choice: The Case of Higher Education in Scotland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, Senga

    2006-01-01

    This article explores the factors influencing student choice at six contrasting universities in Scotland to establish if there is value in developing a model for predicting institutional choice for Scottish undergraduate entry. It is based on a survey of 651 students in two undergraduate disciplines, accountancy and engineering, across the six…

  4. An Analysis of Factors Influencing Students' Academic Performance in Public and Private Secondary Schools in Rivers State-Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalagbor, Levi Doe

    2016-01-01

    The study examined factors that positively influence students' academic performance in public and private secondary schools in Rivers State-Nigeria. One research question addressed the objectives and problem of the study. The instrument used for the collection of data was the "Students' Academic Performance Questionnaire" (SAPQ),…

  5. Teacher Related Factors Influencing Students' Enrollment in Biology Subject in Public Secondary Schools in Meru Central Sub County in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirima, Teresia Mugure; Kinyua, Susan Muthoni

    2016-01-01

    This study examined teacher related factors influencing students' enrollment in Biology subject in public secondary schools in Meru Central Sub County in Kenya. The study utilized the descriptive survey research design on a target population of 9,859 respondents consisting of 9,748 Biology students, 62 trained Biology teachers and 49 Heads of…

  6. Public and Private School Distinction, Regional Development Differences, and Other Factors Influencing the Success of Primary School Students in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulku, Seher Nur; Abdioglu, Zehra

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the factors influencing the success of students in primary schools in Turkey. TIMSS 2011 data for Turkey, measuring the success of eighth-grade students in the field of mathematics, were used in an econometric analysis, performed using classical linear regression models. Two hundred thirty-nine schools participated in the…

  7. ANALYSIS OF PSYCHOLOGIC HEALTH STATE AND INFLUENCING FACTORS IN COLLEGE AND SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SHAANXI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Objective The psychologic health level of college and secondaryschool students and the relevant fac- tors were investigated to scientific basis and guidance for school mental health work. Methods Standard 1251 cases were drawn from 1% of students in colleges and middle schools of Shaanxi province. Taking 14 psychic health level indexes in SCL-90 as dependent variable and 109 indexes of psychic health back ground as in-dependent variable, multi-factor analyses have been made. Results 22.6 % of students had relatively serious psychological problems. The score of SCL-90 in females was a little bit higher than that in males. The scores of students at both universities and se- nior middle schools were higher than that in junior middle schools students. The score of SCL-90 of students who came from the countryside was higher than that of city students. The score of the whole students was higher than that of the normal. The students with psychic problems showed obsession, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, paranoia and hostility. Factor-analysis showed that influencing factors included history of positive individual risking behavior, physical conditions,grade,address, family influences, menses and sexual prombles, bad relation with others, poor self-assessment. Conclusion The psychologic health level of the students investigated is lower than that of the whole society. The factors, which hamper psychic health of students, are biological ,psychological and social in nature.

  8. [Dietary patterns and its influencing factors among freshmen students in college].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Su-fang; Mu, Min; Zhao, Yan; Li, Hu-zhong; Fang, Yan-fu; Wang, Hai-lin; Li, Li; Hu, Chuan-lai

    2011-09-01

    To investigate the dietary pattern in college freshmen students and to analyze the influencing factors on their dietary patterns. A questionnaire survey on situation of dietary pattern and influencing factors was conducted among 1319 freshmen students. Four major dietary patterns were noticed and they were: I, high consumption in hamburger, fried food, nuts, biscuit, chocolate, cola, coffee, sugars, II, high consumption in pork, mutton, beef, poultry meat, animal liver, III, high consumption in fresh fruits, eggs, fish and shrimps, kelp laver and sea fish, milk and dairy products, beans and bean products, IV, high consumption in rice and grain, fresh fruits, fresh vegetables, pork. Risk factors on dietary pattern were presented as follows: (1) boys:having the food pattern I and II showed a strong positive association with the place where they live (OR = 1.67, 95%CI: 0.87 - 3.19; OR = 1.51, 95%CI: 0.79 - 2.88), eating place (OR = 1.63, 95%CI: 1.03 - 2.59;OR = 1.83, 95%CI: 1.04 - 3.23), level of mother's education (OR = 2.52, 95%CI: 1.07 - 5.95; OR = 3.38, 95%CI: 1.50 - 7.63), family income (OR = 2.24, 95%CI: 1.30 - 3.88; OR = 3.06, 95%CI: 1.77 - 5.29) and the status of passive smoking (OR = 1.80, 95%CI: 0.70 - 4.59; OR = 1.83, 95%CI: 0.75 - 4.45). Inverse correlations was found on the level of mother's education (OR = 0.56, 95%CI: 0.17 - 1.79). The food pattern IV showed a strong positive association with place of eating (OR = 1.83, 95%CI: 1.04 - 3.23) but having an inverse correlation with the level of mother's education (OR = 0.56, 95%CI: 0.17 - 1.79). (2) girls when compared with boys, the food pattern I showed minor association with the places of living and eating; while the food pattern II and III had minor association with the status of passive smoking. Socio-demographic factors and lifestyle had influenced on the dietary patterns among college freshmen students who should be guided to have a reasonable, balanced diet in the college.

  9. Influencing Factors of the Body Mass Index of Elementary Students in Southern Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-Na Chou

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The body mass index (BMI of school children in Taiwan is markedly increasing. According to statistical data from the Taiwan Ministry of Education, the prevalence of obesity in school children from the southern part of the country is the highest in Taiwan. Thus, exploring the factors influencing BMI in elementary school children from southern Taiwan is crucial. This study investigated the influencing factors including physical activity levels, sedentary behaviors, dietary habits, and perceived body shape on the BMIs of elementary school children from southern Taiwan. A cross-sectional design was used, and the participants consisted of 3251 fifth-grade students (1628 boys, 50.1%; 1623 girls, 49.9%. The average BMI values for boys and girls were 19.69 and 18.70 (kg/cm respectively. Statistically significant associations were observed between BMI and sex, 31–60 min of daily vigorous or moderate physical activities levels, length of time spent watching television, time spent on video games or the computer, and intake of vegetable or meat gravy with rice (p < 0.001. Perceived body shape also affected the BMI of school children. The results of this study enable educational institutions in Taiwan to understand the factors affecting the BMI of school children and use this information as the basis for future healthy body weight policies.

  10. Transfer students in STEM majors at a Midwestern University: Academic and social involvement factors that influence student success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Carlos

    There is soon-to-be a shortage of qualified U.S. workers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). As a result, many science-related jobs are being filled by technically-skilled foreign workers. If the U.S wants to maintain its global economic leadership, then it must ensure a continuous growth of highly-trained individuals in STEM disciplines. Therefore, American institutions of higher education, including community colleges, must identify potential factors that contribute to the lack of interest in STEM majors, as well as the low rate of success of students who enter STEM majors but struggle to finish their degrees. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the perceptions of community college transfer students who are pursuing bachelor degrees in STEM majors at Iowa State University (ISU). What were their transfer experiences and what influenced their academic success in STEM. Participants were encouraged to share their transfer experiences while at the community college as well as their experiences on the ISU campus. They were also asked about their level of academic involvement, their relationships with faculty, and their participation in peer group activities prior to and after transferring. The research design included both quantitative and qualitative components, which provided an in-depth look at the experiences of STEM non-engineering and engineering students. Quantitative data include students' background characteristics, demographic information, and college activities at the community college and ISU. Qualitative data were used to illuminate students' overall transfer experience and their successful journey in STEM fields. The combination of quantitative and qualitative methods allowed a better understanding of the strategies students put into practice once they transfer from a community college to a four-year institution in pursuit of a STEM bachelor's degree. The results of this study suggest that there is an association among the

  11. Dental specialty, career preferences and their influencing factors among final year dental students in Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halawany, Hassan Suliman; Binassfour, Abdullah Salman; AlHassan, Waleed Khalid; Alhejaily, Rami Ayed; Al Maflehi, Nassr; Jacob, Vimal; Abraham, Nimmi Biju

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate evolving trends in dental post graduate specialty preferences and career aspirations among final year dental students in Saudi Arabia. A cross sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among final year dental students from seventeen universities in Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire enquired about socio-demographic details and the ranking of three of their best preferences among the list of specialties/general dentistry and career options. They were also enquired about their opinion regarding the total time required to become a dentist and their intention to go for further studies abroad. The questionnaire assessed factors influencing their choices using a 5 point Likert scale ranging from extremely important to not important. Binary logistic regression to examine the combined effect of several independent variables on the likelihood of choosing a dental specialization/general dentistry and career option were analyzed. The overall response rate was 64.6%. Restorative and Aesthetic Dentistry was the most preferred specialty (n = 98; 17.7%) followed by Endodontics (n = 78; 14.1%); Prosthodontics (n = 65; 11.7%) and Orthodontics (n = 63; 11.4%). The two most preferred careers were 'Civilian dentist in public sector' followed by 'Academic services dentist'. Overall, students reported that the influence of family members in the dental profession, preference for private practice and specific interest in patient population as the most important factors in choosing a specialty/general dentistry. Intellectual content of the specialty was ranked the least important. On the other hand, the most important factors for choosing a career were variety of non-clinical duties, access to child care facilities and research opportunities. The results of this study show the top preferred specialties and career choices which can be a baseline for establishing national policies and for the improvement of

  12. Semantic and pragmatic factors influencing deaf and hearing students' comprehension of english sentences containing numeral quantifiers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Ronald R; Berent, Gerald P

    2011-01-01

    This research contrasted deaf and hearing students' interpretive knowledge of English sentences containing numeral quantifier phrases and indefinite noun phrases. A multiple-interpretation picture task methodology was used to assess 305 participants' judgments of the compatibility of sentence meanings with depicted discourse contexts. Participants' performance was assessed on the basis of hearing level (deaf, hearing) and grade level (middle school, high school, college). The deaf students were predicted to have differential access to specific sentence interpretations in accordance with the relative derivational complexity of the targeted sentence types. Hypotheses based on the pressures of derivational economy on acquisition were largely supported. The results also revealed that the deaf participants tended to overactivate pragmatic processes that yielded principled, though non-target, sentence interpretations. Collectively, the results not only contribute to the understanding of English acquisition under conditions of restricted access to spoken language input, they also suggest that pragmatic factors may play a broad role in influencing, and compromising, deaf students' reading comprehension and written expression.

  13. FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE SELECTION OF LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES FOR STUDENT NURSES IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L F Small

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available T he researcher, being a nursing lecturer, questioned the method of selection of learning opportunities for student nurses in two training hospitals in the Northern part of Namibia.

    The study therefore focused on the following objective: To identify the factors that influence the selection of learning opportunities for primary health care in hospital units. A qualitative research design utilising focus group discussions were used. The population consisted of conveniently selected lecturers, student nurses and registered nurses. The same initial question was asked in each focus group to initiate the discussions. The data were analysed according to Tesch's method.

    The results indicated that there is positive commitment from the lecturers and registered nurses to be involved in selecting appropriate learning opportunities. The student nurses also demonstrated a willingness to learn and to be exposed to learning opportunities in primary health care. There were however certain constraints that emerged as themes, namely:
    • Managerial constraints • Educational constraints
    Under the theme "managerial constraints" categories such as workload, nursing staff shortages and communication problems were identified. Under the theme "educational constraints" categories such as a lack of guidance, and the correlation of theory and practice emerged.

    Recommendations based on this research report include improvement of in-service education on managerial and educational aspects to facilitate the primary health care approach in hospitals.

  14. External and internal factors influencing self-directed online learning of physiotherapy undergraduate students in Sweden: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammarlund, Catharina Sjödahl; Nilsson, Maria H; Gummesson, Christina

    2015-01-01

    Online courses have become common in health sciences education. This learning environment can be designed using different approaches to support student learning. To further develop online environment, it is important to understand how students perceive working and learning online. The aim of this study is to identify aspects influencing students' learning processes and their adaptation to self-directed learning online. Thirty-four physiotherapy students with a mean age of 25 years (range, 21 to 34 years) participated. Qualitative content analysis and triangulation was used when investigating the students' self-reflections, written during a five week self-directed, problem-oriented online course. Two categories emerged: 'the influence of the structured framework' and 'communication and interaction with teachers and peers.' The learning processes were influenced by external factors, e.g., a clear structure including a transparent alignment of assignments and assessment. Important challenges to over-come were primarily internal factors, e.g., low self-efficacy, difficulties to plan the work effectively and adapting to a new environment. The analyses reflected important perspectives targeting areas which enable further course development. The influences of external and internal factors on learning strategies and self-efficacy are important aspects to consider when designing online courses. Factors such as pedagogical design, clarity of purpose, goals, and guidelines were important as well as continuous opportunities for communication and collaboration. Further studies are needed to understand and scaffold the motivational factors among students with low self-efficacy.

  15. Cultural Factors Influencing Eastern and Western Engineering Students' Choice of University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jian, Hua-Li; Sandnes, Frode Eika; Huang, Yo-Ping; Huang, Yueh-Min

    2010-01-01

    Insight into factors that affect students' choice of university is useful when designing study programmes, especially in global competition for students. This study focuses on Taiwanese and Norwegian students' preferences for university, study programme, course qualities and future career qualities. Hofstede's model was used to predict…

  16. Cultural factors influencing Eastern and Western engineering students' choice of university

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jian, Hua-Li; Eika Sandnes, Frode; Huang, Yo-Ping; Huang, Yueh-Min

    2010-05-01

    Insight into factors that affect students' choice of university is useful when designing study programmes, especially in global competition for students. This study focuses on Taiwanese and Norwegian students' preferences for university, study programme, course qualities and future career qualities. Hofstede's model was used to predict culture-related differences. A pair-wise decision questionnaire was used to conduct measurements. Cultural differences were observed in relation to choice of university, course qualities and future careers. Discipline of study had only minor impact on students' preferences. The results suggest that a career-relevant curriculum is culture-neutral. Moreover, personal advice is the most preferred factor among Taiwanese students when choosing university.

  17. Starting the Conversation: An Exploratory Study of Factors That Influence Student Office Hour Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Whitney; Cohen, Steven D.; Berndtson, Rachel; Burson, Kristen M.; Camper, K. Martin; Chen, Yujie; Smith, Margaret Austin

    2014-01-01

    As part of best practices for increasing faculty-student interaction, higher education institutions across the country require faculty members to hold office hours. Various studies have reported factors affecting student use of office hours; however, results are unclear at best and in some cases conflicting with respect to which factors matter…

  18. Coping with stress and cognitive interference in student teachers performance as important factors influencing their achievement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cirila Peklaj

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of our study was to investigate the relations between student teachers' strategies for coping with stressful situations, cognitive interference factors and successfulness of presentation of student teachers' seminar work. There were 135 student teachers participating in the study. At the beginning of the semester they filled in the Way of Coping Questionnaire (Folkman & Lazarus, 1988. After their presentation of seminar theme they reported about the cognitive interference factors during the presentation (distractive factors and intrusive thoughts. Different aspects of their performance were also evaluated by the teacher according to the well-known criteria. The analysis of the results showed significant correlations between certain ways of coping, cognitive interference factors and success of performance. Further statistical analysis showed significant differences in experiencing distractive factors and intrusive thoughts during presentation between students with low, medium and high performance success. The importance of successful strategies for coping with verbal presentation and the implications for student teacher education are discussed.

  19. Factors influencing student nurses' career choices after preceptorship in a five-year junior nursing college in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Whei-Mei; Chuang, Shu-Hui

    2008-05-01

    This study was conducted to explore the influence factors of a preceptorship in career choices following student nurses' graduations. A total number of 326 student nurses in their fifth year of junior nursing college were selected as participants. A validated and reliable questionnaire was used in this study. Data were analyzed by the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) for windows for percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's correlation. The results showed that: (1) the first five factors influencing student nurses' career choices were good unit environment, nurse's professional role, self-professional knowledge deficiency, nurse's professional knowledge, and patient's and family's good feedback; (2) the correlation between the chosen field of practice and willingness to work after graduation showed a strong relationship in all areas. Notably, the preceptorship had an impact on student nurses selecting a nursing career. These results can give nurse educators guidance in preparing student nurses as they enter the work force.

  20. FACTORS INFLUENCING THE LEARNING SUCCESS OF MASTER STUDENTS AT IPB BUSINESS SCHOOL (SB-IPB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maya Wulan Arini

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Business School of IPB (SB-IPB has a low level of completing of study for its master program students on-time. Based on the report of SB-IPB 2015, only 0.8% of students graduating in 2014/2015 successfully completed their study in the normal time of thesis writing. This study aims to identify what factors cause the students unable to complete their thesis on time, thus affecting their learning success. The primary data in this study came from interviews to the students of year 2011/2012, while the secondary data were obtained from the academic section of SB-IPB. Determination of the number of samples was done using slovin formula obtaining 80 students as the respondents. The data analysis method used was SEM with PLS method. The results of the research indicate that the indicator that has a dominant role on the student characteristics is employment status while the dominant role indicators on the process of thesis writing are the suitability of area of interest and the administrative process. The value of the characteristics of students significantly affecting the process of their thesis writing is-0.283, and this indicates that students who are full time workers have a number of constraints in their thesis writing process. Likewise, the process of the thesis writing has a significant influence on the success of the study i.e. 0.346, and it means that the easier the process of thesis writing, the greater the success of their study. The academic division is expected to be more active in controlling the students who are in the process of writing their thesis, especially for the class whose students work full time so that it can well support the learning success of the students.Keywords: business school, master program, success of the study, PLS, SEMABSTRAKMahasiswa program magister di sekolah bisnis IPB (SB-IPB memiliki tingkat ketepatan penyelesaian studi yang masih rendah. Berdasarkan laporan SB IPB 2015, hanya 0.8% mahasiswa yang lulus tahun

  1. Pharmacy students in private institutions of higher education: motivating factors when studying pharmacy and influences on university choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loo, Jason S E; Lim, Shiao Wei; Ng, Yew Keong; Tiong, John J L

    2017-02-17

    To identify factors influencing the decisions of Malaysian first-year pharmacy undergraduate students in private higher education when choosing to pursue a degree in pharmacy as well as their choice of private university. This cross-sectional study employed a validated, self-administered questionnaire which was administered to 543 first-year pharmacy students from nine different private universities. Factor analysis was utilised to extract key factors from the responses. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data. Eight factors motivating students' decision to study pharmacy emerged from the responses, accounting for 63.8% of the variance observed. Students were primarily motivated by intrinsic interests, with work conditions and profession attributes also exerting significant influence. In terms of choice of private university, nine factors were identified, accounting for 73.8% of the variance observed. The image of the school and university were most influential factors in this context, followed by university safety, programme attributes and financial factors. First-year pharmacy students in the private higher education sector are motivated by intrinsic interest when choosing to study pharmacy over other courses, while their choice of private university is influenced primarily by the image of the school and university. © 2017 Royal Pharmaceutical Society.

  2. Factors Influencing Online Buying Behavior of College Students: A Qualitative Analysis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Vilasini Jadhav; Monica Khanna

    2016-01-01

    .... The main influencing factors for online shopping were identified as availability, low price, promotions, comparison, convenience, customer service, perceived ease of use, attitude, time consciousness...

  3. Factors influencing student perceptions of high-school science laboratory environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luketic, Christine D; Dolan, Erin L

    2013-04-01

    Science laboratory learning has been lauded for decades for its role in fostering positive student attitudes about science and developing students' interest in science and ability to use equipment. An expanding body of research has demonstrated the significant influence of laboratory environment on student learning. Further research has demonstrated differences in student perceptions based on giftedness. To explore the relationship between giftedness and students' perceptions of their learning environment, we examined students' perceptions of their laboratory learning environment in biology courses, including courses designated for high-achieving versus regular-achieving students. In addition, to explore the relationship between students' perceptions and the extent of their experience with laboratory learning in a particular discipline, we examined students' perceptions of their laboratory learning environment in first-year biology courses versus elective biology courses that require first-year biology as a prerequisite. We found that students in high-achieving courses had a more favourable perception of all aspects of their learning environment when compared with students in regular courses. In addition, student perceptions of their laboratory appeared to be influenced by the extent of their experience in learning science. Perceptions were consistent amongst regular- and high-achieving students regardless of grade level. In addition, perceptions of students in first year and beyond were consistent regardless of grade level. These findings have critical applications in curriculum development as well as in the classroom. Teachers can use student perceptions of their learning environment to emphasize critical pedagogical approaches and modify other areas that enable enhancement of the science laboratory learning environment.

  4. Factors that influence medical student selection of an emergency medicine residency program: implications for training programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Love, Jeffrey N; Howell, John M; Hegarty, Cullen B; McLaughlin, Steven A; Coates, Wendy C; Hopson, Laura R; Hern, Gene H; Rosen, Carlo L; Fisher, Jonathan; Santen, Sally A

    2012-04-01

    An understanding of student decision-making when selecting an emergency medicine (EM) training program is essential for program directors as they enter interview season. To build upon preexisting knowledge, a survey was created to identify and prioritize the factors influencing candidate decision-making of U.S. medical graduates. This was a cross-sectional, multi-institutional study that anonymously surveyed U.S. allopathic applicants to EM training programs. It took place in the 3-week period between the 2011 National Residency Matching Program (NRMP) rank list submission deadline and the announcement of match results. Of 1,525 invitations to participate, 870 candidates (57%) completed the survey. Overall, 96% of respondents stated that both geographic location and individual program characteristics were important to decision-making, with approximately equal numbers favoring location when compared to those who favored program characteristics. The most important factors in this regard were preference for a particular geographic location (74.9%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 72% to 78%) and to be close to spouse, significant other, or family (59.7%, 95% CI = 56% to 63%). Factors pertaining to geographic location tend to be out of the control of the program leadership. The most important program factors include the interview experience (48.9%, 95% CI = 46% to 52%), personal experience with the residents (48.5%, 95% CI = 45% to 52%), and academic reputation (44.9%, 95% CI = 42% to 48%). Unlike location, individual program factors are often either directly or somewhat under the control of the program leadership. Several other factors were ranked as the most important factor a disproportionate number of times, including a rotation in that emergency department (ED), orientation (academic vs. community), and duration of training (3-year vs. 4-year programs). For a subset of applicants, these factors had particular importance in overall decision-making. The vast majority

  5. Supervising international students in clinical placements: perceptions of experiences and factors influencing competency development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attrill, Stacie; Lincoln, Michelle; McAllister, Sue

    2016-07-16

    Health professional education programs attract students from around the world and clinical supervisors frequently report that international students find learning in clinical placement contexts particularly challenging. In existing literature clinical supervisors, who support international students on placement have identified concerns about their communication and interactions within clinical environments. However, clinical supervisors' perspectives about their experiences with international students on placement and the strategies they utilise to facilitate international student learning have not been described. As a result we have little insight into the nature of these concerns and what clinical supervisors do to support international students' competency development. Five focus group interviews were conducted with twenty Speech-Language Pathology clinical supervisors, recruited from 2 Australian universities. Interview data were analysed thematically. Themes identified were interpreted using cognitive load and sociocultural learning theories to enhance understanding of the findings. Four themes were identified: 'Complex teaching and learning relationships', 'Conceptions of students as learners'; Student communication skills for professional practice', and 'Positive mutual learning relationships'. Findings indicated that clinical supervisors felt positive about supporting international students in clinical placements and experienced mutual learning benefits. However, they also identified factors inherent to international students and the placement environment that added to workload, and made facilitating student learning complex. Clinical supervisors described strategies they used to support international students' cultural adjustment and learning, but communication skills were reported to be difficult to facilitate within the constraints of placements. Future research should address the urgent need to develop and test strategies for improving international

  6. Factors influencing student selection of marriage and family therapy graduate programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hertlein, Katherine M; Lambert-Shute, Jennifer

    2007-01-01

    To understand which factors students consider most important in choosing a marriage and family therapy (MFT) graduate program and how programs met or did not meet these expectations of students over the course of graduate study, we conducted an online mixed-method investigation. One hundred twelve graduate students in Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education-accredited programs responded to an online survey assessing what factors led them to select a specific graduate program in MFT. In the quantitative portion, students ranked each factor (personal fit, faculty, funding, research, clinical work, and teaching) as well as characteristics of each factor in relation to its importance in their selection of an MFT program. Additionally, students indicated to what level their programs meet their expectations. In the qualitative portion, students described how they believed their chosen program was or was not meeting their expectations. Both doctoral and master's students ranked personal fit as the top factor affecting their choice of graduate program in MFT, but they differed on the characteristics of each of these factors and their importance in selecting an MFT program. Implications for this research include program evaluation and program advertising, and are consistent with the scientist-practitioner model.

  7. Association of school social networks' influence and mass media factors with cigarette smoking among asthmatic students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanamori, Mariano; Beck, Kenneth H; Carter-Pokras, Olivia

    2015-03-01

    Around 10% of adolescent students under 18 years have current asthma. Asthmatic adolescents smoke as much or more than non-asthmatic adolescents. We explored the association between exposure to mass media and social networks' influence with asthmatic student smoking, and variations of these exposures by sex. This study included 9755 asthmatic and 38,487 non-asthmatic middle and high school students. Secondary data analysis incorporated the complex sample design; and univariate, bivariate, and logistic regression statistics. Asthmatic students had greater odds of smoking than non-asthmatic students. Asthmatic female students were more likely than asthmatic male students to have been exposed to secondhand smoke in rooms or cars and to smoking actors, but less likely to associate smoking with intent to wear tobacco-marketing products, or with looking cool/fitting in. Asthmatic male and female students, who have smoking friends, were exposed to secondhand smoke in rooms (only girls) or cars, intended to smoke if best friends offered cigarettes, or received/bought tobacco marketing products had greater odds of smoking than other asthmatic students. The observed associations suggest the need for general interventions to reduce middle and high school students' cigarette smoking as well as targeted interventions for asthmatic adolescent students. © 2015, American School Health Association.

  8. Factors influencing attitude toward care of dying patients in first-year nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagelin, Carina Lundh; Melin-Johansson, Christina; Henoch, Ingela; Bergh, Ingrid; Ek, Kristina; Hammarlund, Kina; Prahl, Charlotte; Strang, Susann; Westin, Lars; Österlind, Jane; Browall, Maria

    2016-01-01

    To describe Swedish first-year undergraduate nursing students' attitudes toward care of dying patients. Possible influences such as age, earlier care experiences, care education, experiences of meeting dying patients and place of birth were investigated. The Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying Scale (FATCOD) was used in six universities. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were used. Some 371 students (67.3%) reported overall positive attitude toward caring for dying patients (total mean FATCOD 119.5, SD 10.6) early in their first semester. Older students, students with both earlier care experience and earlier education, those with experience of meeting a dying person, and students born in Sweden reported the highest scores, a more positive attitude. Age, earlier care experience and education, experiences of meeting a dying person and place of birth seems to affect students' attitudes toward care of the dying and need to be considered among nursing educators.

  9. Factors influencing alcohol and illicit drug use amongst first year medical students

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Popescu, Codruta Alina; Bob, Mihai Horatiu; Junjan, Veronica; Armean, Sebastian Mihai; Buzoianu, Anca Dana

    2014-01-01

    The aims of this study were a) to investigate patterns of alcohol, smoking and illicit drug use and b) evaluate the relationship between substance abuse and personality factors in a cohort of 267 first year medical students. 12.3 % (men) and 11.8% (female) medical students reported to be drinking

  10. The Factors That Influence Dietary Habits among International Students in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alakaam, Amir A.; Castellanos, Diana C.; Bodzio, Jessica; Harrison, Lee

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the dietary intake changes and factors related to dietary acculturation in international students attending an urban university in the United States. The researchers administered seven focus groups of college-age international students (n = 32) between June and August 2012. The participants were enrolled in Northeastern and…

  11. An Examination of Factors Influencing Students Selection of Business Majors Using TRA Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Anil; Kumar, Poonam

    2013-01-01

    Making decisions regarding the selection of a business major is both very important and challenging for students. An understanding of this decision-making process can be valuable for students, parents, and university programs. The current study applies the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) consumer decision-making model to examine factors that…

  12. Who Is Joining Physics and Why? Factors Influencing the Choice of Physics among Ethiopian University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semela, Tesfaye

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the enrolment trends and the critical factors that impinge on students' choice of physics as major field of study. The data were generated from primary and secondary sources. Primary data was acquired based on a semi-structured interview with 14 sophomore and 11 senior students and five instructors of the department of…

  13. An Examination of Factors Influencing Students Selection of Business Majors Using TRA Framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Anil; Kumar, Poonam

    2013-01-01

    Making decisions regarding the selection of a business major is both very important and challenging for students. An understanding of this decision-making process can be valuable for students, parents, and university programs. The current study applies the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) consumer decision-making model to examine factors that…

  14. Examining Factors That Influence Donor Motivation among Former Student-Athletes and NCAA DI Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burchette, Brett M.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify motivational factors that contribute to the philanthropic decision making of the former NCAA Division I student-athlete. A 47-item survey instrument was modified from a prior study and distributed electronically to 8,461 male and female former student-athletes at three participating NCAA Division I…

  15. Examining Factors That Influence Donor Motivation among Former Student-Athletes and NCAA DI Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burchette, Brett M.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify motivational factors that contribute to the philanthropic decision making of the former NCAA Division I student-athlete. A 47-item survey instrument was modified from a prior study and distributed electronically to 8,461 male and female former student-athletes at three participating NCAA Division I…

  16. Factors influencing fast food consumption behaviors of middle-school students in Seoul: an application of theory of planned behaviors

    OpenAIRE

    Seo, Hyun-sun; Lee, Soo-Kyung; Nam, Soyoung

    2011-01-01

    Fast food is popular among children and adolescents; however, its consumption has often been associated with negative impacts on nutrition and health. This study examined current fast food consumption status among middle school students and explored factors influencing fast food consumption by applying Theory of Planned Behavior. A total of 354 (52.5% boys) students were recruited from a middle school. The subjects completed a pre-tested questionnaire. The average monthly frequency of fast fo...

  17. FACTORS OF INFLUENCE ON THE ENTREPRENEURIAL INTEREST: AN ANALYSIS WITH STUDENTS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY RELATED COURSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Guilherme Bonfim

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research was to analyze the entrepreneurial interest of students in information technology related courses. A literature review was performed, from which four hypotheses were announced, affirming that the student interest in entrepreneurial activity is influenced by (1 the perceived vocation of the area, (2 the ownership of a company, (3 the perceived social support from friends and family, and (4 the entrepreneurial skills mastery. A field study was developed, with data collected from the 171 students of higher education institutions from Fortaleza. The data were analyzed by using statistical techniques of descriptive analysis, analysis of variance, and multiple regression analysis. It was found that: (1 students, in general, have a moderate predisposition to engage in entrepreneurial activities; (2 the entrepreneurial interest is influenced by the perceived entrepreneurial vocation of the area, the social support, and the perceived strategic entrepreneurial skills mastery.

  18. Factors that influence nursing and midwifery students' intentions to study abroad: A qualitative study using the theory of planned behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelleher, Seán; FitzGerald, Serena; Hegarty, Josephine

    2016-09-01

    Future health care professionals need to be broadly-educated, adaptable individuals who have significant experience in the world beyond the classroom. Study abroad is an ideal means of developing some of the skills and attitudes that are not only valued among health professionals, but also have global applicability. Although internationalisation through study abroad is widely publicised as a preferred means of developing globally competent third level graduates very little is known about the factors that influence students' predisposition to study abroad, students decision making process and how various factors influence that process. To explore the motivating factors that influence nursing and midwifery student's intentions to study abroad. Qualitative descriptive. A third level institution in Ireland. A purposive sample (n=25) of undergraduate nursing and midwifery students. Data were obtained individually and in a free response format by means of an open ended belief elicitation questionnaire. The theory of planned behaviour was used a theoretical framework to guide both the structure of the questionnaire and the content analysis. The study's findings support earlier works in identifying the main behavioural, normative and control factors that influence a student's decision to study abroad and is the first study to recognise enhanced professional identity as a potential benefit of study abroad. Factors such as cultural sensitivity, employability, language and cost emerged as important issues in need of further investigation. The findings of this study have implications for administrators, academics, and others involved in the development of third level study abroad programmes for nursing and midwifery students. New methods which promote the perceived benefits of study abroad, address the perceived barriers and ultimately increase student participation are needed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Factors Influencing the Behavioural Intention to Use Statistical Software: The Perspective of the Slovenian Students of Social Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brezavšcek, Alenka; Šparl, Petra; Žnidaršic, Anja

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to investigate the main factors influencing the adoption and continuous utilization of statistical software among university social sciences students in Slovenia. Based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), a conceptual model was derived where five external variables were taken into account: statistical software…

  20. Examining the Factors That Influence Students' Science Learning Processes and Their Learning Outcomes: 30 Years of Conceptual Change Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Jing-Wen; Yen, Miao-Hsuan; Liang, Jia-Chi; Chiu, Mei-Hung; Guo, Chorng-Jee

    2016-01-01

    This study used content analysis to examine the most studied conceptual change factors that influence students' science learning processes and their learning outcomes. The reviewed research included empirical studies published since Posner et al. proposed their conceptual change model 30 years ago (from 1982 to 2011). One hundred sixteen SSCI…

  1. Factors Influencing the Behavioural Intention to Use Statistical Software: The Perspective of the Slovenian Students of Social Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brezavšcek, Alenka; Šparl, Petra; Žnidaršic, Anja

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to investigate the main factors influencing the adoption and continuous utilization of statistical software among university social sciences students in Slovenia. Based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), a conceptual model was derived where five external variables were taken into account: statistical software…

  2. Factors influencing student perceptions of high-school science laboratory environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolan, Erin L.

    2013-01-01

    Science laboratory learning has been lauded for decades for its role in fostering positive student attitudes about science and developing students’ interest in science and ability to use equipment. An expanding body of research has demonstrated the significant influence of laboratory environment on student learning. Further research has demonstrated differences in student perceptions based on giftedness. To explore the relationship between giftedness and students’ perceptions of their learning environment, we examined students’ perceptions of their laboratory learning environment in biology courses, including courses designated for high-achieving versus regular-achieving students. In addition, to explore the relationship between students’ perceptions and the extent of their experience with laboratory learning in a particular discipline, we examined students’ perceptions of their laboratory learning environment in first-year biology courses versus elective biology courses that require first-year biology as a prerequisite. We found that students in high-achieving courses had a more favourable perception of all aspects of their learning environment when compared with students in regular courses. In addition, student perceptions of their laboratory appeared to be influenced by the extent of their experience in learning science. Perceptions were consistent amongst regular- and high-achieving students regardless of grade level. In addition, perceptions of students in first year and beyond were consistent regardless of grade level. These findings have critical applications in curriculum development as well as in the classroom. Teachers can use student perceptions of their learning environment to emphasize critical pedagogical approaches and modify other areas that enable enhancement of the science laboratory learning environment. PMID:23950693

  3. Stress coping ability in nursing students: studies on the influence factor of Sense of Coherence (SOC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okumura, Ryusaku; Suzuki, Tamami; Bai, Yoshiko; Mukawa, Kazuma

    2012-07-01

    The researchers conducted an investigation on factors influencing stress coping ability, referred to as a Sense of Coherence (SOC). 278 students in the 2nd to 4th year of "A" University nursing program were subjected to this survey, and the response rate was 75.5%. The average SOC value was 39.5 +/- 6.6 for males, and 37.4 +/- 7.0 for females. The value for age group 20 to 24 years old was 37.1 +/- 6.8. The average SOC value obtained through this survey was higher than the survey results of the Kanto region and lower than the national results. When a comparison was made between "the group with higher average SOC" and "the group with lower average SOC" among the entire survey average SOC, especially significant differences were discovered in the following items. "Prospects for the future is bright", "Difficult experiences have meaning", "I have good relationship with friends", "I feel stressed", and "I was seriously ill" (P SOC.

  4. Factors Influencing Career Decisions: Perspectives of Nursing Students in Three Types of Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Pamala D.; McGill, Joan S.; Palmer, Stephanie J.

    2003-01-01

    North Carolina nursing students (99 baccalaureate, 309 associate degree, and 87 diploma) were surveyed. They were motivated to pursue nursing by past experiences with illness, past health-care work experiences, or family member/friend who was a nurse. Career decisions were also influenced by characteristics of nursing. There were no differences by…

  5. Testing Theoretical Relationships: Factors Influencing Positive Health Practices (PHP) in Filipino College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayres, Cynthia; Mahat, Ganga; Atkins, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To examine variables influencing the positive health practices (PHP) of Filipino college students to gain a better understanding of health practices in this ethnic/racial group. Cross-sectional study tested theoretical relationships postulated among (a) PHP, (b) social support (SS), (c) optimism, and (d) acculturation. Participants: A…

  6. Testing Theoretical Relationships: Factors Influencing Positive Health Practices (PHP) in Filipino College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayres, Cynthia; Mahat, Ganga; Atkins, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To examine variables influencing the positive health practices (PHP) of Filipino college students to gain a better understanding of health practices in this ethnic/racial group. Cross-sectional study tested theoretical relationships postulated among (a) PHP, (b) social support (SS), (c) optimism, and (d) acculturation. Participants: A…

  7. Factors influencing internet addiction in a sample of freshmen university students in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Xiaoli; Yan, Hong; Chen, Silu; Liu, Zhengwen

    2009-06-01

    The prevalence of Internet addiction and influential factors associated with Internet addiction among freshmen college students were investigated in this study. A total of 3557 first-year university students from a university in northwest China were surveyed with Young's 20-item Internet Addiction Test (IAT) questionnaire, a Self-Rating Depression scale (SDS), a Self-Rating Anxiety scale (SAS), and a basic information questionnaire. A rate of 6.44% of the participants surveyed showed Internet addiction. The students with Internet addiction had higher scores of SDS and SAS compared with those without Internet addiction (p Internet addiction (p Internet use, the age of the student, city residence, and homesickness were significantly associated with Internet addiction (p depression, anxiety, and other influential factors associated with Internet addiction at the beginning of their university life to guarantee the fulfillment of their academic study and graduation.

  8. Factors across home, work, and school domains influence nutrition and physical activity behaviors of nontraditional college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintiliani, Lisa M; Bishop, Hillary L; Greaney, Mary L; Whiteley, Jessica A

    2012-10-01

    Nontraditional college students (older, part-time, and/or working) have less healthful nutrition and physical activity behaviors compared to traditional students, yet few health promotion efforts focus on nontraditional students. The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to explore factors affecting nutrition and physical activity behaviors of nontraditional students. Fourteen semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with nontraditional undergraduate students attending a large university. The sample had a median age of 25 (range, 21-64), 57% were men, 43% were racial/ethnic minorities, and 57% were employed (mean 22 hours/week). Data were coded using a systematic team-based approach. Consistent themes (mentioned by 4+ students) were identified and categorized into three domains: home, work, and school. Home (themes: neighborhood characteristics, family, partners), work (theme: work environment), and school (themes: cafeteria, vending machines) factors consistently influenced positive nutrition behaviors. Similarly, home (themes: neighborhood including safety, friends from home, partner,), work (theme: work environment), and school (themes: not having a car, campus structure, campus gym, friends at school) factors consistently influenced positive physical activity. Financial resources and perceptions of autonomy had influence across domains. Results indicate consistent influences on nutrition and physical activity behaviors across home, work, and school domains for nontraditional college students. Study findings suggest possible, and sometimes unconventional, intervention strategies to promote healthful eating and physical activity. For example, when cafeteria meal plans are not offered and financial constraints limit eating at the cafeteria, encouraging healthful choices from vending machines could be preferable to not eating at all.

  9. Career choices in allied health: A study of influencing factors on students of medical technology at an Indian University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sammita J Jadhav

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In India, entry level medical technology (MT students usually decide their career choice before the commencement of the graduate programs. There is no provision for assimilating the intricacies of different specializations in the field of MT. Aim: The research aims at identifying the factors that play a major role in reaching a career choice by MT students and disseminating this information to stakeholders for effective program design and delivery. Setting and Designs: An exploratory study was carried out at an Indian university on 78 students of MT programs in Cardiac care, dialysis, respiratory therapy, imaging sciences, clinical laboratory, operation theater and Anesthesia technology. Materials and Methods: Students were surveyed to ascertain the influencing factors that shape their preferences for career choice preceded by focus group interview. Statistical Analysis: Data was analyzed using SPSS Inc. Version 16.0; frequency distribution was used to obtain valid percentage. Cross tabulation was used to arrive at P value. Results: The prime factors influencing career choices emerged as Hospital infrastructure (91.3%, working environment (87%, alumni (P = 0.04 and status of specialization (P = 0.02 at 95% of the confidence interval however; profile of patient, use of equipment and career growth (78% also played an influential role. Conclusion: It is critical to understand and address the influencing factors that affect career choices; necessitating academia and the health care industry to partner in creating better adapted medical technologists.

  10. [Changes of acquired immune deficiency syndrome related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and their influencing factors among college students in Beijing].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-18

    To compare acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and their influencing factors among college students in different years in Beijing, and to provide evidence for targeted health education among college students in future. College students were selected by the stratified cluster sampling method, and a questionnaire survey was conducted among college students in year 2006 and 2016 in Beijing. The sample sizes were 1 800 and 3 001 college students, respectively. The contents of the questionnaire included: socio-demographic characteristics, AIDS related knowledge, AIDS related attitude, sex intercourse and its related risk behaviors, condom use intension, and AIDS related health education. Compared with the year 2006, the average AIDS knowledge scores of college students in year 2016 dropped from 12.78±1.95 to 11.90±2.56 (t=12.91, Pinfluencing factors of intention on condom use were male (OR=0.713), self-efficacy of condom purchase (OR=0.876), never received sex education before college (OR=0.752), self-efficacy of condom use (OR=1.135), belief of condom use (OR=1.775), and attitude towards AIDS patients (OR=1.136). AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and behaviors among college students have been changed, AIDS related health education should be designed and improved based on new characteristics of college students. AIDS health education in colleges should pay more attention to sex attitude and sex responsibility and self-protection awareness among college students as well.

  11. A Study of the Influencing Factors of English Extracurricular Reading for Junior Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金盼

    2015-01-01

    Extracurricular reading as an extension of the junior middle school English teaching process,which can broaden the students’ horizons.In this dissertation,the influencing factors of the junior high school students’ extracurricular reading are described.According to these factors,corresponding improving measures are put forward to improve the level of learning English through English extracurricular reading.

  12. The voice handicap of student-teachers and risk factors perceived to have a negative influence on the voice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, George; Kooijman, Piet G C; Donders, A Rogier T; Cremers, W R J; de Jong, Felix I C R S

    2007-05-01

    A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was performed. The objectives of the study were to assess the psychosocial impact of current voice complaints as perceived by student-teachers with voice complaints in comparison with student-teachers without voice complaints, and to observe the pattern of risk factors in relation to their voice handicap. Subjects in the general population without a voice-demanding profession were selected as a reference group for limited comparison with the total group of student-teachers (future professional voice users). The respondents to the questionnaires were anonymous. Among the student-teachers, 17.2% reported current voice complaints in comparison with 9.7% of the reference group, and the odds ratio was 1.94, which showed the relative risk. Student-teachers had significantly greater total Voice Handicap Index (VHI) scores than the reference group (P = 0.034). The VHI subscale scores were not significantly different (P > 0.05). Student-teachers who reported current voice complaints had a significantly higher total VHI and subscale scores than student teachers without voice complaints (P VHI scores greater than the 75th percentile. These persons may be neglecting their voice handicap and probably represent the false-negative cases in the estimation of voice complaints. Logistic regression analysis of each of the given risk factors with the VHI as the independent variable showed that the perceived negative influence of the given risk factors on their voices was significantly greater with increasing VHI scores across the VHI range. A significant correlation was observed between the number of perceived risk factors and increasing VHI scores across the VHI range. An increased awareness of risk factors in relation to their voice handicap would serve to motivate student-teachers to change factors that contributed to their voice problem. Attention to all risk factors, which the subjects perceive to be a risk, would aid in effective management

  13. Factors influencing students' choices in considering rural radiography careers at Makerere University, Uganda

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzaga, Mubuuke Aloysius [Makerere University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Kampala (Uganda)], E-mail: mubuukeroy@yahoo.co.uk; Kiguli-Malwadde, E.; Francis, Businge [Makerere University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Kampala (Uganda); Rosemary, Byanyima K. [Mulago Hospital, Department of Radiology, Kampala (Uganda)

    2010-02-15

    Introduction: The Faculty of Medicine, Makerere University is the oldest health professions training institution in East Africa having started in 1924. The radiography degree course started in 2001 and Makerere remains the only institution in the East African region offering this degree course. The faculty adopted a Problem based Learning/Community based education curriculum in order to stimulate students' interests to consider working in rural areas. Attracting and retaining radiographers and other health professionals in rural areas is a recognized problem in Uganda and overseas and strategic actions to enhance the rural health workforce and its ability to deliver the required services are paramount. A range of factors in different domains can be associated with recruitment and retention. By consulting students, some of these factors can be identified and addressed. Methodology: It was a descriptive exploratory study involving 31 students. Data was collected through a questionnaire and focus group discussions. Results: 58% of the students reported that they would consider rural radiography practice while 42% would not. Key motivational factors cited to work in rural areas were; attractive salaries/incentives, community based training curricular, opportunities for further training and well equipped rural health facilities. Conclusion: This study has shown that students would consider working in rural areas provided the working conditions are improved upon.

  14. Factors Influencing Students' Acceptance of M-Learning: An Investigation in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Al-Aish, Ahmad; Love, Steve

    2013-01-01

    M-learning will play an increasingly significant role in the development of teaching and learning methods for higher education. However, the successful implementation of m-learning in higher education will be based on users' acceptance of this technology. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to study the factors that affect university students'…

  15. Factors that influence utilisation of HIV/AIDS prevention methods among university students residing at a selected university campus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndabarora, Eléazar; Mchunu, Gugu

    2014-01-01

    Various studies have reported that university students, who are mostly young people, rarely use existing HIV/AIDS preventive methods. Although studies have shown that young university students have a high degree of knowledge about HIV/AIDS and HIV modes of transmission, they are still not utilising the existing HIV prevention methods and still engage in risky sexual practices favourable to HIV. Some variables, such as awareness of existing HIV/AIDS prevention methods, have been associated with utilisation of such methods. The study aimed to explore factors that influence use of existing HIV/AIDS prevention methods among university students residing in a selected campus, using the Health Belief Model (HBM) as a theoretical framework. A quantitative research approach and an exploratory-descriptive design were used to describe perceived factors that influence utilisation by university students of HIV/AIDS prevention methods. A total of 335 students completed online and manual questionnaires. Study findings showed that the factors which influenced utilisation of HIV/AIDS prevention methods were mainly determined by awareness of the existing university-based HIV/AIDS prevention strategies. Most utilised prevention methods were voluntary counselling and testing services and free condoms. Perceived susceptibility and perceived threat of HIV/AIDS score was also found to correlate with HIV risk index score. Perceived susceptibility and perceived threat of HIV/AIDS showed correlation with self-efficacy on condoms and their utilisation. Most HBM variables were not predictors of utilisation of HIV/AIDS prevention methods among students. Intervention aiming to improve the utilisation of HIV/AIDS prevention methods among students at the selected university should focus on removing identified barriers, promoting HIV/AIDS prevention services and providing appropriate resources to implement such programmes.

  16. The influence of sociocultural factors on the eating attitudes of Lebanese and Cypriot students: a cross-cultural study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeeni, N; Gharibeh, N; Katsounari, I

    2013-07-01

    The present comparative cross-cultural study aimed to explore the relationship between eating behaviour and sociocultural influences with respect to appearance and body image in female university students from two cultural contexts, namely Cyprus and Lebanon. The Dutch Eating Behavior questionnaire (DEBQ) and the Perceived Sociocultural Influences on Body Image and Body Change Questionnaire were used to assess sociocultural influences and body image, respectively, in 200 students from each country. The results indicated that the Lebanese students were more likely to engage in emotional and external eating and their body image was impacted to a larger extent by sociocultural agents, including media influences, compared to the Cypriot students. Also, a positive relationship was found between emotional and external eating in both cultures. Finally, sociocultural influences correlated positively with external eating only in the Cypriot sample. Culture-specific factors, such as the societal values and norms, as well as the Westernisation history of each country, are discussed as underpinnings for the differences found. These findings are significant for understanding the rise of eating pathology in these two cultures and provide evidence for a need to consider cultural environment when designing public health policies addressing the negative aspects of nutrition transition. © 2013 The Authors Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics © 2013 The British Dietetic Association Ltd.

  17. External and internal factors influencing self-directed online learning of physiotherapy undergraduate students in Sweden: a qualitative study

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    Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Online courses have become common in health sciences education. This learning environment can be designed using different approaches to support student learning. To further develop online environment, it is important to understand how students perceive working and learning online. The aim of this study is to identify aspects influencing students’ learning processes and their adaptation to self-directed learning online. Methods: Thirty-four physiotherapy students with a mean age of 25 years (range, 21 to 34 years participated. Qualitative content analysis and triangulation was used when investigating the students’ self-reflections, written during a five week self-directed, problem-oriented online course. Results: Two categories emerged: ‘the influence of the structured framework’ and ‘communication and interaction with teachers and peers.’ The learning processes were influenced by external factors, e.g., a clear structure including a transparent alignment of assignments and assessment. Important challenges to over-come were primarily internal factors, e.g., low self-efficacy, difficulties to plan the work effectively and adapting to a new environment. Conclusion: The analyses reflected important perspectives targeting areas which enable further course development. The influences of external and internal factors on learning strategies and self-efficacy are important aspects to consider when designing online courses. Factors such as pedagogical design, clarity of purpose, goals, and guidelines were important as well as continuous opportunities for communication and collaboration. Further studies are needed to understand and scaffold the motivational factors among students with low self-efficacy.

  18. Adult anthropometric measures and socio-demographic factors influencing age at menarche of university students in malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Md Golam; Wee, Ai-Sze; Ashaie, Maeirah; Kamarul, T

    2013-09-01

    Early onset of menarche has been shown to be associated with breast cancer and ischaemic heart disease. Studies on age at menarche of the Malaysian population are poorly documented. This study aimed to determine the influence of anthropometric and socio-demographic factors on the age at menarche of university students in Malaysia. Data were obtained in 2010-11 from 961 students between the ages of 18 and 25 years from the University of Malaya using stratified sampling, and multiple regression analysis was applied. Sixty-three per cent of students reached menarche at the age of 12 or 13 years, with the mean and median of age at menarche being 12.45 ± 1.17 and 12.01 years, respectively. Menarcheal age was positively associated with height (p<0.05) and negatively associated with BMI (p<0.001). Students from urban areas attained menarche earlier than those from rural areas (p<0.05). Students from small-sized families attained menarche earlier than those from larger families (p<0.05). First-born students experienced menarche earlier than those who were seventh-born or later. Obese and overweight students reached menarche earlier than students who were underweight or of normal weight (p<0.01). The variations in age at menarche among the Malaysian ethnic groups were statistically insignificant. The results suggest that heavier and first-born students from small families are more likely to attain menarche earlier than their counterparts.

  19. Factors Influencing Student Gains from Undergraduate Research Experiences at a Hispanic-Serving Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Heather; Grineski, Sara E.; Collins, Timothy W.; Morales, Danielle X.; Morera, Osvaldo; Echegoyen, Lourdes

    2016-01-01

    Undergraduate research experiences (UREs) confer many benefits to students, including improved self-confidence, better communication skills, and an increased likelihood of pursuing science careers. Additionally, UREs may be particularly important for racial/ethnic minority students who are underrepresented in the science workforce. We examined factors hypothetically relevant to underrepresented minority student gains from UREs at a Hispanic-serving institution, such as mentoring quality, family income, being Latino/a, and caring for dependents. Data came from a 2013 survey of University of Texas at El Paso students engaged in 10 URE programs (n = 227). Using generalized linear models (GzLMs) and adjusting for known covariates, we found that students who reported receiving higher-quality mentorship, spending more hours caring for dependents, and receiving more programmatic resources experienced significantly greater gains from their URE in all three areas we examined (i.e., thinking and working like a scientist, personal gains, and gains in skills). In two of three areas, duration of the URE was positive and significant. Being Latino/a was positive and significant only in the model predicting personal gains. Across the three models, quality of mentorship was the most important correlate of gains. This suggests that providing training to faculty mentors involved in UREs may improve student outcomes and increase program efficacy. PMID:27521234

  20. Extracurricular factors influence perceived stress in a large cohort of Colombian dental students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divaris, Kimon; Polychronopoulou, Argy; Villa-Torres, Laura; Mafla, Ana Cristina; Moya, Gloria Aranzazu; González-Martínez, Farith; Vila-Sierra, Luis Armando; Fortich-Mesa, Natalia; Gómez-Scarpetta, Ruth Ángela; Duque-Restrepo, Liliana María

    2014-02-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the association of extracurricular factors including socioeconomic status and career choice with perceived stress in dental school in a large cohort of Colombian dental students. Participants in the study were 5,700 students enrolled in seventeen Colombian dental schools. The study employed a Spanish adaptation of the Dental Environment Stressors (DES30-Sp) questionnaire and recorded an array of demographic, socioeconomic, career choice, and dental studies-related information. Data analyses relied on descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate methods based on multi-level mixed-effects linear regression and post hoc estimation of predictive margins. "Fear of failing a course or year" emerged as the highest ranked item. Male students consistently reported less perceived stress than females, and stress scores were higher among seniors. Independent of gender, age, and study year, having dentistry as one's first career choice, relying on financial support, and belonging to higher socioeconomic strata were associated with lower stress levels. Academic environment interventions aimed to improve students' educational well-being will need to account for the individual heterogeneity among them. These data from a robust cohort of predoctoral dental students underscore the importance of considering students' educational experiences in a broader social and economic context.

  1. Factors that influence physicians' and medical students' confidence in counseling patients about physical activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanford, Fatima Cody; Durkin, Martin W; Stallworth, James Rast; Powell, Caroline Keller; Poston, Mary Beth; Blair, Steven N

    2014-06-01

    Less than half of US adults and two-thirds of US high school students do not meet current US guidelines for physical activity. We examined which factors promoted physicians' and medical students' confidence in counseling patients about physical activity. We established an online exercise survey targeting attending physicians, resident and fellow physicians, and medical students to determine their current level of physical activity and confidence in counseling patients about physical activity. We compared their personal level of physical activity with the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines of the US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS). We administered a survey in 2009 and 2010 that used the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. A total of 1,949 individuals responded to the survey, of whom 1,751 (i.e., 566 attending physicians, 138 fellow physicians, 806 resident physicians, and 215 medical students) were included in this analysis. After adjusting for their BMI, the odds that physicians and medical students who met USDHHS guidelines for vigorous activity would express confidence in their ability to provide exercise counseling were more than twice that of physicians who did not meet these guidelines. Individuals who were overweight were less likely to be confident than those with normal BMI, after adjusting for whether they met the vigorous exercise guidelines. Physicians with obesity were even less likely to express confidence in regards to exercise counseling. We conclude that physicians and medical students who had a normal BMI and met vigorous USDHHS guidelines were more likely to feel confident about counseling their patients about physical activity. Our findings suggest that graduate medical school education should focus on health promotion in their students, as this will likely lead to improved health behaviors in their students' patient populations.

  2. Factors Influencing International PhD Students to Study Physics in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Serene H.-J.; Nieminen, Timo A.; Townson, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Since physics research is an activity of an active international community, international visits are a common way for physicists to share scientific knowledge and skills. International mobility of physicists is also important for PhD physics study and research training. We investigated personal and social factors that influenced the decision for…

  3. Factors influencing adjustment of high school students in an international exchange program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furukawa, T; Shibayama, T

    1994-12-01

    The present study aims to investigate which psychosocial factors measured before departure are predictive of various aspects of intercultural adjustment among Japanese teenagers enrolled in a foreign exchange student program. A cohort of 188 Japanese high school students, who had been selected to spend 1 year in various countries of the world under the aegis of an international exchange student program, was administered the Maudsley Personality Inventory, the Parental Bonding Instrument, the General Health Questionnaire and the People in Your Life Scale before their departure from Japan. Six months after arrival in the host community, they were again asked to complete the General Health Questionnaire and relevant sections of the People in Your Life Scale. The students showed highly significant and substantial deterioration in all three areas of psychosocial adjustment: they reported more psychiatric symptoms, less availability of social relationships, and less satisfaction with them in their host community than at home. Psychiatric symptoms were best predicted by perceived adequacy of intimate attachments and neuroticism measured before departure, availability of social relationships abroad by availability and adequacy of social relationships and adequacy of attachments at home, and satisfaction with social relationships abroad by satisfaction with attachments at home and by paternal care before age 16. This study thus demonstrates that studying abroad entails deterioration in psychosocial adjustment of the adolescents studied and that different factors are influential in different aspects of adjustment. The importance of a prospective and multifaceted study of intercultural adjustment process is emphasized.

  4. Analysis of prevalence of PTSD and its influencing factors among college students after the Wenchuan earthquake

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    Fu Yan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study explored the prevalence and severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD in college students who lived in earthquake center one year after the Wenchuan earthquake on May 12, 2008, the factors affecting the prevalence of PTSD was also investigated. Methods 2987 students studying at the senior normal school in Tibetan autonomous region which was one of the most devastated regions were selected for this study. The PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C was used as a screening instrument. Results A total of 420 cases (14.1% were diagnosed with PTSD, among which mild, moderate, severe and extreme symptoms were reported in 122, 185, 106 and 7 cases, respectively. The PTSD prevalence in college students lived in the severely affected area was significantly higher than that in the less severe area (P  Conclusions At one year after the earthquake, the PTSD rate in college students in the severely affected area was high. The social support, psychological help and rehabilitation project should be strengthened to improve their ability to cope with the trauma.

  5. Witnessing Partner Violence in Childhood: Factors Influencing Emotion Regulation Difficulties in College Students

    OpenAIRE

    Amatya, Kaushalendra

    2014-01-01

    Witnessing partner violence (WPV) in childhood and adolescence can have significant impact on psychological functioning throughout development. Studies have shown that parenting factors, perceived social support, coping strategies, age at exposure, and gender can influence the relationship between WPV and outcomes. Although WPV can have serious implications towards emotion regulation abilities, empirical research on the link between WPV and emotion regulation is inadequate. The current stu...

  6. Perceived barriers and motivating factors influencing student midwives’ acceptance of rural postings in Ghana

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    Lori Jody R

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Research on the mal-distribution of health care workers has focused mainly on physicians and nurses. To meet the Millennium Development Goal Five and the reproductive needs of all women, it is predicted that an additional 334,000 midwives are needed. Despite the on-going efforts to increase this cadre of health workers there are still glaring gaps and inequities in distribution. The objectives of this study are to determine the perceived barriers and motivators influencing final year midwifery students’ acceptance of rural postings in Ghana, West Africa. Methods An exploratory qualitative study using focus group interviews as the data collection strategy was conducted in two of the largest midwifery training schools in Ghana. All final year midwifery students from the two training schools were invited to participate in the focus groups. A purposive sample of 49 final year midwifery students participated in 6 focus groups. All students were women. Average age was 23.2 years. Glaser’s constant comparative method of analysis was used to identify patterns or themes from the data. Results Three themes were identified through a broad inductive process: 1 social amenities; 2 professional life; and 3 further education/career advancement. Together they create the overarching theme, quality of life, we use to describe the influences on midwifery students’ decision to accept a rural posting following graduation. Conclusions In countries where there are too few health workers, deployment of midwives to rural postings is a continuing challenge. Until more midwives are attracted to work in rural, remote areas health inequities will exist and the targeted reduction for maternal mortality will remain elusive.

  7. Influence of Socioeconomic Factors and Family Social Support on Smoking and Alcohol Use among Health School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuhal Bahar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Substance dependence is a global problem threatening individuals and communities alike by negatively influencing public health and social cohesion.Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of socioeconomic factors and family social support on substance use and/or dependence among health school students.Results: A significant difference was found between student substance users and nonusers in terms of age, grade level, educational level and vocational status of the student’s mother and father, and substance use among family members (p<0.05. On the other hand, it was determined that there was no influence of departments of the students, receiving any training on substance use, perceived family social support, and educational level of the student’s father on the substance use (p0.05.Conclusion: The findings of our study suggest that family social support is an important determinant of students’ substance use and therefore families need to be aware of the consequences of such behaviors. Trainings on overcoming the stress and information about use and/or abuse of substances should be given to the first-grade students in Samsun Health School to prevent the onset of substance use, and the frequency of such training sessions should be increased especially at the fourth grade.

  8. An empirical study of factors influencing adoption of Internet banking among students of higher education: Evidence from Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Kabeer Kazi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Thispaper investigated the influence of factors on the intention to adopt Internetbanking services among students of higher education in Pakistan. Theoreticalframework used for this study has been adopted from Technology Acceptance Model(TAM with four independent variables. Convenience sampling method was usedwith a total of valid 220 respondents, which included students of Khadim AliShah Bukhari Institute of Technology (KASBIT, Karachi, Pakistan.  Data was collected through self administeredquestionnaire of two parts: Demographic and Likert scale multi-item scale forvariables under study. Results indicated that convenience, perceivedcredibility, and perceived usefulness had significant positive influence amongstudents on the intention to adopt Internet banking. The findings from thisresearch would be useful for banks in the subject area, particularly forstudents in Pakistan.

  9. Malinowski goes to college: factors influencing students' use of ritual and superstition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudski, Jeffrey M; Edwards, Ashleigh

    2007-10-01

    Anthropologists have long noted that the use of ritual and magic is linked to conditions of risk and uncertainty. In this study, the authors examined how perceived task difficulty, participants' level of preparation, and the value of the outcome interact to influence the self-reporting of superstition and ritual. College students rated the likelihood of their using charms or rituals for various scenarios involving academic, artistic, and athletic performances. Reports of use of ritual increased as the stakes of the event increased and decreased with perceived expertise or level of preparation. Additional findings included participants' reporting frequent use of ritual while denying any causal effectiveness. The authors discuss results in terms of the rituals providing participants with an illusion of control.

  10. Influencing Factors of Radiological Technologist Image of Allied Health College Students

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eom, Jong Kwon; Shin, Seong Gyu [Dept. of Radiology, Dong A University Medical Center, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-03-15

    Perception level and social position of radiological technologist influence satisfaction level of their job. This study aims to use foundational data to improve perception level and social position of radiological technologists. We conducted interviews and a fill-out survey with 233 students who have been majoring in health-related fields at five universities and colleges located in Busan and who finished internship programs. The study analyzed 233 answer sheets excluding 17 inadequate answer sheets using T-test, ANOVA and multiple regression analysis with SAS9.1. The mean score of perception level was 3.33{+-}0.56. The personal image of radiological technologist showed the best score(3.43{+-}0.56) whereas the social image showed the worst(3.12{+-}0.79). According to the classification of the subject, the answer, 'radiological technologist is specialized job', showed the best score(3.99{+-}0.79). The answer 'radiological technologist suffered from less stress and workload than others when they work usually' showed the worst score(2.88{+-}0.98). According to the classification of each health-related major, the mean score of students who are a major in the department of the radiological technologist was the best(3.46{+-}0.46) and the students who are major in department of the physical therapy was the worst(3.24{+-}0.40). The radiological technologist have to effort to make positive image in the hospital. It is possible to be developed their knowledge and professionalism by cooperating between school and hospital as well as advertising with mass madia.

  11. Factors influencing Chinese university students' willingness to performing bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Cui; Jin, Ying-Hui; Shi, Xiao-Tong; Ma, Wen-Jing; Wang, Yun-Yun; Wang, Wei; Zhang, Yao

    2017-05-01

    Low rates of bystander-initiated CPR are a major obstacle to improved survival rates, and the aim of this study is to elucidate the factors associated with university students' attitudes toward performing bystander CPR. Questionnaires were distributed to 18 universities across three metropolises in China. One question asking for respondents' attitudes toward performing bystander CPR was set as the dependent variable, and the logistic regression models were used to extract independent factors for respondents' attitudes toward performing bystander CPR. 2934 questionnaires were completed, with a response rate of 81.5%. Results suggested that predictors of willingness to perform bystander CPR were: previous experience of performing bystander CPR, higher self-perceived ability to perform bystander CPR properly after instruction, medicine and law discipline, male gender, not being the single child of their parents, higher participation in university societies, being used to taking decisive action immediately, less self-perceived life stress and higher self-perceived knowledge level of CPR. Persons having previous experience of performing bystander CPR and those who thought they would have the ability to perform bystander CPR properly are predominantly associated with willingness to perform bystander CPR. Psychological and cultural factors need further study. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. A qualitative analysis of factors influencing middle school students' use of skills taught by a violence prevention curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Albert D; Mehari, Krista R; Kramer-Kuhn, Alison M; Mays, Sally A; Sullivan, Terri N

    2015-06-01

    This study examined factors that influenced the use of skills taught in a school-based universal violence prevention program. Interviews were conducted with 91 students from two urban schools (83% were African American and 12% multiracial) and 50 students from a nearby county school (52% were White, 32% African American, and 12% multiracial). About half the sample (54%) was male. All had been in sixth grade classrooms where the Second Step (Committee for Children, 1997b) violence prevention curriculum had been implemented earlier in the school year or in the preceding school year. Qualitative analysis of interview transcripts suggested that participants' use of intervention skills was influenced by their beliefs and values, perceived relevance and effectiveness of the skill, issues related to enacting the behavior, and contextual factors. These findings highlight the need for a more intensive and comprehensive effort to address barriers and supports that influence the relevance and impact of school-based violence prevention programs. Copyright © 2015 Society for the Study of School Psychology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. [Factors influencing resilience of adult children of alcoholics among college students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hee Kyung; Lee, Mi Hyoung

    2011-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the resilience of adult children of alcoholics (ACOA) who are college students, and examine factors contributing to their resilience. A total of 459 college students from a university in Incheon, participated in this study. Data were collected between April 6 to 30, 2010 using the Korean version of the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST-K), CAGE, Social Support, Self-Esteem, Family Adaptability and Cohesion, and Resilience measurements. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Overall, ACOA group showed lower scores of resilience, social support, self-esteem and family adaptability and cohesion compared to non-ACOA group. Resilience among the ACOA group showed significant relationships with self-esteem (r=.53, pself-esteem, and religion. The results of the study show that self-esteem and social support are important determinants of resilience in ACOA, thus it is recommend that further resilience training programs for ACOA be developed to enhance their social support and self-esteem, and ultimately to increase their resilience.

  14. Factors Influencing the Acquisition of Employability Skills by Students of Selected Technical Secondary School in Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dania, Jovinia; Bakar, Ab Rahim; Mohamed, Shamsiah

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of the study was to assess the acquisition of employability skills by vocational students in Malaysia. A total of 214 students participated in the study. We used the SCANS instrument to assess vocational students' employability skills. The overall mean of vocational secondary students' employability skills was 3.81 (SD = 0.34).…

  15. Factors influencing smoking behaviour changes during Ramadan among Malay male students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suriani Ismail

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Fasting during Ramadan provides an opportunistic setting for smoking cessation intervention. Smokers find it easy to cease smoking during Ramadan due to the religion, cultural and environmental influences. This study aims to determine the changes in smoking behaviour during Ramadan among Malay Muslim male students who were current smokers. Methods: This is cross sectional study using self-administered questionnaire to evaluate the socio demographic characteristics and two main relevant religious perceptions on smoking (i.e. ‘Is smoking ‘haram’ and ‘Does smoking invalidate your fasting’. Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND questionnaire was used to evaluate smoking behaviour before and during Ramadan. The total FTND scores and the percentages according to FTDN items, before Ramadan and during Ramadan were compared to determine good or poor smoking behaviour changes. Results: The overall FTND scores and the percentage according to its items were significantly reduced. There were significant association between smoking behaviour changes during Ramadan and household income, nicotine dependence and perception that smoking is ‘haram’. The percentage of good smoking behaviour changes was higher among those with higher income, high nicotine dependence and those who are not aware that smoking is ‘haram’. Conclusion: There is a great potential in taking advantage of the Ramadan environment to encourage smoking cessation among Muslim smokers.

  16. An investigation about learning burnout in medical college students and its influencing factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Ling

    2014-03-01

    Conclusion: Learning burnout in students is of a moderate level. We should help and guide students according to their profession, grade, learning characteristics, and whether they have existing attributional style problems; these interventions should help to reduce learning burnout.

  17. Factors influencing students' perceptions of their teachers' interpersonal behaviour: A multilevel analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fisher, D.; den Brok, P.; Rickards, T.

    2006-01-01

    This study investigates which student, teacher and class characteristics are associated with students' perceptions of their science teachers' interpersonal behaviour. Using the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI), two important dimensions of teacher interpersonal behaviour were investigated:

  18. Investigating Factors That Influence Students' Management of Study Environment in Online Collaborative Groupwork

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Jianxia; Xu, Jianzhong; Fan, Xitao

    2015-01-01

    The present study examines empirical models of students' management of the learning environment in the context of online collaborative groupwork. Such environment management is an important component of students' overall self-regulated learning strategy for effective learning. Student- and group-level predictors for study environment management in…

  19. Factors Influencing Academic Performance of Students Enrolled in a Lower Division Cell Biology Core Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soto, Julio G.; Anand, Sulekha

    2009-01-01

    Students' performance in two semesters of our Cell Biology course was examined for this study. Teaching strategies, behaviors, and pre-course variables were analyzed with respect to students' performance. Pre-semester and post-semester surveys were administered to ascertain students' perceptions about class difficulty, amount of study and effort…

  20. Beyond "Writing to Learn": Factors Influencing Students' Writing Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jani, Jayshree S.; Mellinger, Marcela Sarmiento

    2015-01-01

    Social work educators concur that writing and critical thinking are basic components of effective practice, yet students are often deficient in these skills. Although there is agreement among educators about the need to enhance students' writing skills, there is little understanding of the nature of students' problems--a necessary step…

  1. Academic Achievement Performance of University Students with Disability: Exploring the Influence of Non-Academic Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dryer, Rachel; Henning, Marcus A.; Tyson, Graham A.; Shaw, Rosemary

    2016-01-01

    This study examined whether: (1) the non-academic constructs of psychological well-being, motivation to learn and quality of life (QOL) explained the variance in the academic achievement of students with disability; and (2) students with a mental health disability (MHD) differed from students with other disability on academic achievement and on…

  2. Beyond "Writing to Learn": Factors Influencing Students' Writing Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jani, Jayshree S.; Mellinger, Marcela Sarmiento

    2015-01-01

    Social work educators concur that writing and critical thinking are basic components of effective practice, yet students are often deficient in these skills. Although there is agreement among educators about the need to enhance students' writing skills, there is little understanding of the nature of students' problems--a necessary step…

  3. Computers and Traditional Teaching Practices: Factors Influencing Middle Level Students' Science Achievement and Attitudes about Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odom, Arthur Louis; Marszalek, Jacob M.; Stoddard, Elizabeth R.; Wrobel, Jerzy M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association of middle school student science achievement and attitudes toward science with student-reported frequency of using computers to learn science and other classroom practices. Baseline comparison data were collected on the frequency of student-centred teaching practices (e.g. the use of group…

  4. Practicing Professional Values: Factors Influencing Involvement in Social Work Student Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martindale, Dorothy; Olate, René; Anderson, Keith A.

    2017-01-01

    One of the most promising avenues for the development of professional values is involvement in professional student organizations. A convenience sample of baccalaureate social work students (n = 482) was drawn from 15 institutions. Regression analyses revealed several predictors of involvement in social work student organizations, including…

  5. Computers and Traditional Teaching Practices: Factors Influencing Middle Level Students' Science Achievement and Attitudes about Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odom, Arthur Louis; Marszalek, Jacob M.; Stoddard, Elizabeth R.; Wrobel, Jerzy M.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the association of middle school student science achievement and attitudes toward science with student-reported frequency of using computers to learn science and other classroom practices. Baseline comparison data were collected on the frequency of student-centred teaching practices (e.g. the use of group…

  6. Expectations and Influencing Factors of IS Graduates and Education in Thailand: A Perspective of the Students, Academics and Business Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teay Shawyun Ph.D.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available As academic we have always been entrusted with developing the knowledge, skills, and capability of our IS students. In the strive for excellence in education, there is always the question of what has been implemented is appropriate and finally achieves its ultimate goals of delivering quality, capable and intellectual students as workforce for the business. To this end, this exploratory research tries to discover what knowledge, skills and capability are expected of an IS graduate, the facilities expected to develop these qualities and what influencing factors make the students go for an IS education. The research will be based on the perspectives of the student, academic and business community. The major findings highlight the overall tendency of higher mean expectation of the business community in most of the fundamental expectations of the type of knowledge, skills and capability and the facilities essential to the development of these attributes. The academics are normally supportive of the business community’s perspectives except in the dimensions of skill expectation and attitudinal factors. Overall, it also appears that the students show a lower average means on most attributes as compared to the academics and business community. Based on this research, there appears to be distinctive expectations of an IS graduate. Based on the balanced technology approach of looking at the development of the IS graduate from degree of sophistication of the Technoware (T, Humaware (H, Inforware (I and Orgaware (O, it is hoped that the following can be achieved: 1. A newly revised and revamped IS curriculum, 2. A linkage of the THIO to develop the IS graduate and 3. A linkage of the academia-industry THIO linkage to develop the IS graduate.

  7. The Changing Importance of Factors Influencing Students' Choice of Study Mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Matthew; Ifenthaler, Dirk; Gosper, Maree; Kretzschmar, Mandy; Ware, Cheryl

    2015-01-01

    Despite the expansion of online and blended learning, as well as open education, until relatively recently little research has been undertaken on what motivates students to enrol in particular study modes at university level. This project contributes to recent scholarship in the field by exploring the reasons why humanities students choose to…

  8. Factors Influencing International Students' Choice to Study in Turkey and Challenges They Experience in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özoglu, Murat; Gür, Bekir S.; Coskun, Ipek

    2015-01-01

    Turkey is increasingly becoming a regional hub for international students. The number of international students in Turkish universities has grown by almost 300% in the last decade. The current internationalization efforts of the Turkish government and universities have the potential to make Turkey an even more attractive destination for…

  9. Analysis of Differences in Nonteaching Factors Influencing Student Evaluation of Teaching between Engineering and Business Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanan, Arunachalam; Sawaya, William J., III; Johnson, Michael D.

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, there have been increasing calls from the government and other organizations to provide easy public access to student evaluations of teaching. Indeed, the increasing ease of displaying and viewing large quantities of information, and competition among universities and majors for students, makes it likely that an era of greater…

  10. Strategies and Intervening Factors Influencing Student Social Interaction and Experiential Learning in an Interdisciplinary Research Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryser, Laura; Halseth, Greg; Thien, Deborah

    2009-01-01

    Faculty have long incorporated students into interdisciplinary research projects to meet increasingly common demands for collaborative research by federal funding agencies. Despite the critical role of experiential learning in building student research skills and capacity, few have explored social interaction mechanisms used to facilitate student…

  11. Factors That Influence Student Motivation in the Middle and High School French Language Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laing, Kathleen A.

    2011-01-01

    Lack of student motivation is a shared concern by teachers across all content areas, at all educational levels. Unmotivated students exhibit behaviors of being unengaged, distracted, and unwilling to put forth effort. Motivation has been shown to foster a strong sense of self-efficacy, which may lead to personal expectations of successful…

  12. Factors Influencing Student Preference When Comparing Handwriting and Typing for Essay Style Examinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mogey, Nora; Fluck, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    It seems anachronistic that we expect students to handwrite essay examinations when almost all their other work is mediated by computer. Two universities, one in the UK and one in Australia, are exploring the use of computers in free text response examinations. This paper compares both the attitudes and the behaviours of their students concerning…

  13. Factors Influencing Singapore Students' Choice of Physics as a Tertiary Field of Study: A Rasch Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oon, Pey-Tee; Subramaniam, R.

    2013-01-01

    Asian students often perform well in international science and mathematics assessments. Their attitude toward technical subjects, such as physics, remains curious for many. The present study examines Singapore school students' views on various aspects of physics according to whether they intend to choose physics as an advanced field of study. A…

  14. Selling Sales: Factors Influencing Undergraduate Business Students' Decision to Pursue Sales Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Concha; Kumar, Poonam; Tarasi, Crina; Wilson, Holt

    2014-01-01

    With a better understanding of the typical sales student, sales educators can design and deliver curriculum with a more customer-oriented approach. In order to better understand the decision to pursue sales education, more than 500 undergraduate business students at a large Midwestern university participated in a survey that examined the factors…

  15. Selling Sales: Factors Influencing Undergraduate Business Students' Decision to Pursue Sales Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Concha; Kumar, Poonam; Tarasi, Crina; Wilson, Holt

    2014-01-01

    With a better understanding of the typical sales student, sales educators can design and deliver curriculum with a more customer-oriented approach. In order to better understand the decision to pursue sales education, more than 500 undergraduate business students at a large Midwestern university participated in a survey that examined the factors…

  16. The Influence of Psychosocial Factors on Bullying Involvement of Students with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Chad A.; Forber-Pratt, Anjali J.; Espelage, Dorothy L.; Aragon, Steven R.

    2013-01-01

    The involvement of students with disabilities within the bullying dynamic has been recognized as a pressing issue within the nation's schools. Unfortunately, few studies have examined the psychosocial outcomes related to the bullying involvement of students with disabilities. However, involvement in bullying has been linked to negative short-…

  17. Factors influencing medical students' motivation to practise in rural areas in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Budhathoki, Shyam Sundar; Zwanikken, Prisca A. C.; Pokharel, Paras K.; Scherpbier, Albert J

    2017-01-01

    Objectives There is a shortage of doctors working in rural areas all over the world, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. The choice to practise medicine in a rural area is influenced by many factors. Motivation developed as a medical student is one key determinant of this choice. This study explores influences on medical students' motivation to practise in rural areas of low-income and middle-income countries following graduation. Design A systematic review was conducted to ...

  18. Factors Influencing the Improved Academic Success in Literacy at the Knowledge Is Power Program School in the Delta Region According to Administrator, Teacher, and Student Perceptions: Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Kimberly Jonetta

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that have influenced the literacy success of the Knowledge is Power Program (KIPP) students in the low-income, poverty stricken Delta Region of a mid-south state. The study examined the progress made since the implementation of the KIPP Program and the influence the program has made upon student…

  19. Factors Influencing University Nursing Students' Measles Vaccination Rate During a Community Measles Outbreak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji Soo Kim, RN, PhD

    2016-03-01

    Conclusions: A systematic measles vaccination program targeting nursing students upon their entry to university is needed. In order to increase the measles vaccination rate, application of effective promotion campaigns and education programs is necessary.

  20. Factors influencing choice of site for rural clinical placements by final year medical students in a South African university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nontsikelelo O. Mapukata

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Most of South Africa’s citizens who live in rural or underserved communities rely on the public health care sector to access quality health care. The value of rural exposure through clinical placements is well documented. Medical schools in South Africa have a responsibility to provide solutions that address the prevailing human resources challenges. Despite this commitment, medical students do not necessarily appreciate their role in resolving South Africa’s human resources challenges. This study aimed to assess the factors that influenced the choice of clinical learning sites in a self-selection process undertaken by Wits final year medical students for the compulsory 6-week integrated primary care block rotation.Methods: Qualitative data related to reasons for choice of service learning site were gathered from 524 pre-placement questionnaires completed by final year medical students entering the rotation over a 3-year period (2012–2014. Thematic analysis was performed using the MAXQDA software.Results: Eight themes emerged from the study indicating that the majority of participants were in favour of local urban underserved placement. Contextual factors, such as work commitments or family responsibilities, being compromised socially and losing academic standing were the main reasons for seeking urban placement. Good supervision, opportunistic learning, skills development and moral support were reasons for seeking rural placements. Previous voluntary exposure to rural practice or being of rural origin was a strong indicator for uptake of rural placement.Conclusion: This study has demonstrated the challenges faced by coordinators in balancing personal and institutional needs with country needs and the contextual factors that must be considered when implementing medical education programmes that respond to social challenges.

  1. Factors Influencing Singapore Students' Choice of Physics as a Tertiary Field of Study: A Rasch analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oon, Pey-Tee; Subramaniam, R.

    2013-01-01

    Asian students often perform well in international science and mathematics assessments. Their attitude toward technical subjects, such as physics, remains curious for many. The present study examines Singapore school students' views on various aspects of physics according to whether they intend to choose physics as an advanced field of study. A sample of 1076 physics students, from 16 secondary schools and junior colleges, participated in this study. The students were categorized as physics choosers or non-choosers according to their indicated intention, as sought in the survey, to study or not to study physics as a major subject at university after their leaving level examinations. Rasch-anchored analysis was employed to interpret the results; the use of Rasch analysis has helped to overcome significantly the psychometric limitations inherent in the treatment of Likert scale type of data using traditional analysis. As expected, the image of physics as a difficult subject surfaced in the samples used in our study. The students recognized unequivocally the utilitarian value of physics: physics is said to enhance career options and is necessary for technological progress to occur in a country. They also showed high interest in school physics-this is so even for students who are not keen to study physics in the future, a finding which is at variance with other studies reported from Western countries. School physics is seen to be relevant, and physics teachers are viewed as being able to foster students' interest in physics. Laboratory work, enrichment activities, and physics textbooks were reported to be important in order to encourage students to like physics. Though the physics choosers showed greater intention in physics, they were generally not inclined to pursue physics-related careers after graduation. Parents and peers at school, on the other hand, are perceived to display unenthusiastic attitudes toward physics. Possible reasons for these are discussed along

  2. Factors influencing fast food consumption behaviors of middle-school students in Seoul: an application of theory of planned behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Hyun-Sun; Lee, Soo-Kyung; Nam, Soyoung

    2011-04-01

    Fast food is popular among children and adolescents; however, its consumption has often been associated with negative impacts on nutrition and health. This study examined current fast food consumption status among middle school students and explored factors influencing fast food consumption by applying Theory of Planned Behavior. A total of 354 (52.5% boys) students were recruited from a middle school. The subjects completed a pre-tested questionnaire. The average monthly frequency of fast food consumption was 4.05 (4.25 for boys, 3.83 for girls). As expected, fast food consumption was considered to be a special event rather than part of an everyday diet, closely associated with meeting friends or celebrating, most likely with friends, special days. The Theory of Planned Behavior effectively explained fast food consumption behaviors with relatively high R(2) around 0.6. Multiple regression analyses showed that fast food consumption behavior was significantly related to behavioral intention (b = 0.61, P food consumption was not significantly associated with behavioral intention. Therefore, effective nutrition education programs on fast food consumption should include components to change the subjective norms of fast food consumption, especially among peers, and perceived behavioral control. Further studies should examine effective ways of changing subjective norms and possible alternatives to fast food consumption for students to alter perceived behavioral control.

  3. FACTORS INFLUENCING PERFORMANCE IN BASIC TECHNOLOGY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS Of DELTA SOUTH SENATORIAL DISTRICT IN DELTA STATE, NIGERIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serumu Igberadja

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Similar to other science subjects, basic technology recorded poor secondary school students’ performance both in national and international examination. Furthermore, there are large variations in performances of Nigerian students that raise concerns. These differences in performance may be caused by multiple factors that need to be identified. The aim of this study is to identify the factors that influence students’ performance in basic technology. Four research questions guided the study and four hypotheses were tested at the .05 level of significance. The study used the survey research design method with 218 principals of secondary schools in Delta South Senatorial District in Delta State of Nigeria as the target population. The stratified random sampling technique was used to select 65 principals (32 from public and 33 from private secondary schools as sample of the study. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire which was content and face validated by three lecturers. The test-retest method was used to ascertain the reliability based on 20 principals who were not part of the population under study. The estimated reliability r= 0.73. Data was collected personally by the researcher and was analysed using ANOVA (Analysis of variance. The result revealed that multiple factors; schools’, students’, government, and parents’ factors influenced students’ performance in basic technology with lack of resources underlying these factors.  Hence, it was recommended among others that Delta State Ministry of Basic Education should adequately provide the required resources for the teaching and learning of basic technology in secondary schools in Delta State.

  4. Factors influencing decision-making regarding contraception and pregnancy among nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arhin, Afua Ottie; Cormier, Eileen

    2008-02-01

    The current nursing shortage, now referred to as a 'global crisis', is having a widespread impact on health systems around the world. In view of the international nursing shortage, the retention and matriculation of nursing students who gain entry to nursing programs is a vital facet of nursing education that has broad ramifications. Although enrollment in higher institutions in the United States has increased in the last two decades; graduation rates have not increased at the same rate. Yet the impact of pregnancy on the progression and matriculation of what remains a female dominated nursing student population in her child bearing years has not been adequately addressed. This exploratory study used grounded theory methodology to identify and describe the decision-making processes and coping of African American nursing students who become pregnant. Five interrelated themes emerged from the data. Participants reported inconsistent use of contraceptives but experienced discovery of the pregnancy as highly traumatic. Participants also described the decision to keep the pregnancy as conflict-ridden and difficult as a result of family values and religious beliefs and ultimately driven by maternal support. Maternal and faculty support was central to successful coping and matriculation while in nursing school. With the changing profile of the nursing student, it is important for educational institutions to become more pregnancy friendly in their endeavors to retain and matriculate nursing students.

  5. Factors influencing healthy eating habits among college students: an application of the health belief model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deshpande, Sameer; Basil, Michael D; Basil, Debra Z

    2009-01-01

    Poor eating habits are an important public health issue that has large health and economic implications. Many food preferences are established early, but because people make more and more independent eating decisions as they move through adolescence, the transition to independent living during the university days is an important event. To study the phenomenon of food selection, the heath belief model was applied to predict the likelihood of healthy eating among university students. Structural equation modeling was used to investigate the validity of the health belief model (HBM) among 194 students, followed by gender-based analyses. The data strongly supported the HBM. Social change campaign implications are discussed.

  6. Mentors, Resiliency, and Ganas: Factors Influencing the Success of DACAmented, Undocumented, and Immigrant Students in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gámez, Raúl; Lopez, William; Overton, Betty

    2017-01-01

    Emerging research has explored the psychological and emotional challenges undocumented students encounter while accessing higher education, yet few studies have specifically investigated the factors that facilitate success once admitted. Semistructured interviews with former or current undocumented students suggest that factors such as mentors,…

  7. Socio-Cultural Factors Influencing Occupational Choice: The Selection of a Nursing Career by Ex-Soviet Immigrant Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagy, Shifra; Liberman, Orly

    1997-01-01

    Data from 136 Soviet immigrants to Israel identified the sociocultural factors that influenced the choice of nursing as a career. Gender, socioeconomic status, and ethnic origin had less influence than parents, peers, and academic achievement. (JOW)

  8. Factors That Influence Information-Seeking Behavior: The Case of Greek Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korobili, Stella; Malliari, Aphrodite; Zapounidou, Sofia

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this survey is to determine the information-seeking behavior of graduate students of the Faculties of Philosophy (8 Schools) and Engineering (8 Schools) at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Discipline did not seem to affect information-seeking behavior critically. The majority of the sample demonstrated a low to medium level…

  9. An Investigation of Factors Influencing Student Use of Technology in K-12 Classrooms Using Path Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritzhaupt, Albert D.; Dawson, Kara; Cavanaugh, Cathy

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of teachers' characteristics, school characteristics, and contextual characteristics on classroom technology integration and teacher use of technology as mediators of student use of technology. A research-based path model was designed and tested based on data gathered from 732 teachers from…

  10. Factors Influencing Prospective Teachers' Recommendations to Students: Horizons, Hexagons, and Heed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamolo, Ami; Pali, Rebeka

    2014-01-01

    This article examines pre-service secondary school teachers' responses to a learning situation that presented a student's struggle with determining the area of an irregular hexagon. Responses were analyzed in terms of participants' evoked concept images as related to their knowledge at the mathematical horizon, with attention paid…

  11. An Investigation of Factors Influencing Student Use of Technology in K-12 Classrooms Using Path Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritzhaupt, Albert D.; Dawson, Kara; Cavanaugh, Cathy

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of teachers' characteristics, school characteristics, and contextual characteristics on classroom technology integration and teacher use of technology as mediators of student use of technology. A research-based path model was designed and tested based on data gathered from 732 teachers from…

  12. International Students at Chinese Joint Venture Universities: Factors Influencing Decisions to Enrol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onsman, Andrys

    2013-01-01

    The People's Republic of China has determined to assume a respected place amongst the world's foremost higher education providers. Its short term strategy is multi-pronged: attracting world-class scholars; attracting international students and encouraging Chinese universities to run branches overseas. As well, a small number of select foreign…

  13. Study Abroad Programs as Tools of Internationalization: Which Factors Influence Hungarian Business Students to Participate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huják, Janka

    2015-01-01

    The internationalization of higher education has been on the agenda for decades now all over the world. Study abroad programs are undoubtedly tools of the internationalization endeavors. The ERASMUS Student Mobility Program is one of the flagships of the European Union's educational exchange programs implicitly aiming for the internationalization…

  14. The Influence of School Factors on Racial Opportunity Cost for High-Achieving Students of Color

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venzant Chambers, Terah T.; Huggins, Kristin Shawn

    2014-01-01

    Previous work on racial opportunity cost--that is, the price that students of color pay in their pursuit of academic success--is extended here using organizational culture literature to more closely explore the interplay of school culture with the racial opportunity cost experienced by the study participants. Eighteen African American and Latina/o…

  15. Motivational Factors Influencing the Persistence of Developmental Education Students at a Technical College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etienne, John

    2012-01-01

    A department of computer information systems at a community college in the southeastern United States was struggling to retain students, a large number of whom often dropped out within the first and second semester of enrollment. Identifying potential solutions to the retention problem is important to department leaders, faculty, and students…

  16. Factors That Influence Information-Seeking Behavior: The Case of Greek Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korobili, Stella; Malliari, Aphrodite; Zapounidou, Sofia

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this survey is to determine the information-seeking behavior of graduate students of the Faculties of Philosophy (8 Schools) and Engineering (8 Schools) at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Discipline did not seem to affect information-seeking behavior critically. The majority of the sample demonstrated a low to medium level…

  17. Factors Influencing Entrepreneurial Intentions of Chinese Secondary School Students: An Empirical Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xiaozhou; Ni, Hao; Ye, Yinghua

    2016-01-01

    The ideal stage to learn about and foster positive attitudes toward entrepreneurship is believed to be during childhood and adolescence. However, most entrepreneurial studies examine college rather than secondary school students (SSS). Based on a modified theory of planned behavior (TPB), this study used stratified cluster sampling and a…

  18. Dental specialty, career preferences and their influencing factors among final year dental students in Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Suliman Halawany

    2017-01-01

    Conclusion: The results of this study show the top preferred specialties and career choices which can be a baseline for establishing national policies and for the improvement of graduate programs. There seems to be a need to promote mentoring activities and provide guidance and encouragement to pre-doctoral dental students in selecting the most appropriate specialty within their capability domain.

  19. Factors Influencing Agricultural Leadership Students' Behavioral Intentions: Examining the Potential Use of Mobile Technology in Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strong, Robert; Irby, Travis L.; Dooley, Larry M.

    2013-01-01

    Mobile technology is pervasive at institutions across the U.S. The study was framed with self-efficacy theory, self-directed learning theory, and the unified theory for acceptance and use of technology. The purpose of this study was to assess undergraduate students' behavioral intention towards mobile technology acceptance in agricultural…

  20. Association of School Social Networks' Influence and Mass Media Factors with Cigarette Smoking among Asthmatic Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanamori, Mariano; Beck, Kenneth H.; Carter-Pokras, Olivia

    2015-01-01

    Background: Around 10% of adolescent students under 18 years have current asthma. Asthmatic adolescents smoke as much or more than non-asthmatic adolescents. We explored the association between exposure to mass media and social networks' influence with asthmatic student smoking, and variations of these exposures by sex. Methods: This study…

  1. Association of School Social Networks' Influence and Mass Media Factors with Cigarette Smoking among Asthmatic Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanamori, Mariano; Beck, Kenneth H.; Carter-Pokras, Olivia

    2015-01-01

    Background: Around 10% of adolescent students under 18 years have current asthma. Asthmatic adolescents smoke as much or more than non-asthmatic adolescents. We explored the association between exposure to mass media and social networks' influence with asthmatic student smoking, and variations of these exposures by sex. Methods: This study…

  2. Exploring the Factors That Influence Female Students' Decision to (Not) Enrol in Elective Physical Education: A Private School Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiley, Jill; Robinson, Daniel Bruce

    2016-01-01

    This article presents the results from a qualitative case study that examined the influencers upon a somewhat unique group of female students who opted out of elective physical education (PE). More specifically, this study focused upon female students attending an affluent private school, investigating why--when they transitioned from middle…

  3. Exploring the Factors That Influence Female Students' Decision to (Not) Enrol in Elective Physical Education: A Private School Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiley, Jill; Robinson, Daniel Bruce

    2016-01-01

    This article presents the results from a qualitative case study that examined the influencers upon a somewhat unique group of female students who opted out of elective physical education (PE). More specifically, this study focused upon female students attending an affluent private school, investigating why--when they transitioned from middle…

  4. Factors Influencing the Career Choices among Medical University students of King Saub bin Abdulaziz University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia; A Cross-sectional Study Design

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    Abeer Al Subait

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: This study investigated the factors that influence career choice among second year dental, medical and nursing students at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. Methodology: One hundred and fifty questionnaires were distributed to 2nd year pre-professional medical, dental and nursing students (50 questionnaires per group. First part of questionnaire was regarding demographics and in the second part consisted of 23 factors that might influence the students’ career choices which were divided into six dimensions namely social status, economy, profession, vocation/service, interest in science/education, and personal background. Results: We received 119 completed questionnaires (medical = 40, dental = 40 and nursing = 39 with the response rate of 79.3%. We found that the social status of being a doctor or a dentist motivated medical and dental students compared to being a nurse for nursing students and the difference was significant among three groups (P value: 0.01. Furthermore, dental students when compared to both medical and nursing students were more likely to be motivated by factors related to profession that were job security, flexible timings and many others. On the other hand, with regard to factors relating to personal background, medical students showed lower motivation in comparison with dental and nursing students. Nevertheless the difference in attitude related to personal background was significantly different among three groups (P value <0.01. Conclusions: Through this study we concluded that factors related to professional security, personal background influenced the career choices of pre-professional medical, dental and nursing students. However we cannot generalize the finding as it was done in one hospital of Riyadh. Nevertheless, this study was able to provide valuable information on the reasons for choosing a professional career among Saudi Arabian students. Further multicenter studies are needed

  5. Factors that Influence Students' Plans to Take Computing and Information Technology Subjects in Senior Secondary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downes, Toni; Looker, Dianne

    2011-01-01

    This article explores factors that contribute to low participation rates in computing and information technology (CIT) courses in senior secondary school, particularly for females. Partly drawing on the Values-Expectancy Theory the following variables are explored separately and within a single model: gender, ability and values beliefs, access and…

  6. Factors That Influences Students Academic Performance: A Case of Rift Valley University, Jimma, Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akessa, Geremew Muleta; Dhufera, Abdissa Gurmesa

    2015-01-01

    University is one of the places where a systematically organized and scientifically oriented education is offered. It is through such an organized manner that the knowledge, skill and desired attitude of the learner develop, but in a given class it is sometimes seen that there is a difference in achievement as a result of different factors that…

  7. Factors Influencing Student Nurses’ Perceptions of Success and Failure in Second Language Writing – A Classroom-based Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung-Cheng TAI

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article applies attribution theory to identify the factors that influence nursing students’ perceptions of success and failure in learning English writing skills. The study took place in a language classroom in southern Taiwan involving fifty-one female nursing students, a writing teacher, and the researcher. Teaching activities included five writing cycles based on an online writing platform, process approach, and multiple revisions. Evidence data has been collected from learners’ questionnaires and interviews, teacher’s interviews, classroom observations, teaching materials, and researcher’s diaries. The data has been analysed quantitatively using SPSS and qualitatively with the aid of QSR NVivo software. Results reveal the major factors given by learners involve the amount writing practice given and their perceptions of their competence in vocabulary and with grammar. The work is supported by observations made by the language teacher and the researcher on issues which have emerged on the students’ writing skills, psychology, language competence, and learning context. This article concludeswith the implications for teaching.

  8. FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE IN SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE OF STUDENTS OF FOURTH CYCLE OF A PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOL

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    Carlos Álvarez Bogantes

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available There is sufficient evidence to say that women as they move into the education system to reduce physical activity levels of sedentary lifestyle that put them at higher risk for non-communicable diseases. This led to determine the reasons for the inactivity of a group of fourth cycle. In order to address this problem, a qualitative design using focus groups and depth interviews was used, applied to30 women of high school participated. The results indicate that the participants are unaware of the benefits that can give them an active life, possibly affecting their movement behavior. A key element that have expressed is little impact of physical education classes when promoting lifestyles movement of the participants in this study, especially for ignoring the needs and barriers that students have. Become clear that the sport orientation of physical education classes and lack the skills to participate in activities successfully, sedentary activities of friends, the attitudes of parents; curriculum and lack of facilities also have significant impact in the studied group.

  9. [The influence of attending theory classes and other factors on the academic performance of undergraduate surgery students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega Serrano, J; Martínez León, J; Aliaga Estelles, J

    1990-10-01

    The authors have studied the influence of the academic history, class attendance, and use of commission notes on the student's academic performance, evaluated by the final marks, on a population of 335 sixth year students taking a surgical pathology course at the School of Medicine. The results show that previous marks correlate with the final surgery mark, that class attendance does not determine significant differences in the student's performance, and that the use of commission notes is widely spread conditioning a mediocre undergraduate [correction of pregraduate] theoretical education [correction of formation].

  10. AN ANALYSIS OF FACTORS, WHICH INFLUENCE TURKISH STUDENTS AT PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN GERMANY: ACCORDING TO OPINIONS OF THE FAMILIES

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    Gülsün Şahan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available After the agreement signed between Germany and Turkey in 1961, hundreds of thousands of Turkish nationals immigrated to Germany as guest workers. Since1974, these guest workers bring their spouses and children to Germany as well under the family reunification law. While at first it was thought that the workers would return to their home countries, they settled in Germany where they established a new living space. These workers' children speak Turkish at home while learning German as second language in pre-primary school. In accordance with the guidance given at the end of four years of primary education, they continue to secondary school. While the children who learn German well have a chance to upon successful completion of which they can qualify for higher education, many immigrant children have to continue vocational education schools. The aim of this work is to determine the factors which Influence success of the Turkish primary school students based on parents' opinion and develop recommendations to increase these children's academic successes. In this work the qualitative research method is used and the research data collected with a semi-structured survey form. The study group is chosen by using „Maximum Sampling Method“ and is composed of a total of 18 Parents in Karlsruhe and Freiburg in Baden Württemberg region. „Content Analysis“ has been carried out to analyze the data.

  11. Factors influencing medical students' motivation to practise in rural areas in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwanikken, Prisca A C; Pokharel, Paras K; Scherpbier, Albert J

    2017-01-01

    Objectives There is a shortage of doctors working in rural areas all over the world, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. The choice to practise medicine in a rural area is influenced by many factors. Motivation developed as a medical student is one key determinant of this choice. This study explores influences on medical students' motivation to practise in rural areas of low-income and middle-income countries following graduation. Design A systematic review was conducted to identify influences on medical students' motivation to work in rural areas in low-income and middle-income countries. Papers reporting influences on motivation were included, and content analysis was conducted to select the articles. Articles not published in English were excluded from this review. Results A rural background (ie, being brought up in a rural area), training in rural areas with a community-based curriculum, early exposure to the community during medical training and rural location of medical school motivate medical students to work in rural areas. Perceived lack of infrastructure, high workload, poor hospital management and isolation are among the health facility factors that demotivate medical students for medical practice in rural areas. Conclusions Medical school selection criteria focusing on a rural background factor and medical education curriculum focusing on rural area are more relevant factors in low-income and middle-income countries. The factors identified in this review may assist the planners, medical educators and policymakers in low-income and middle-income countries in designing relevant interventions to positively influence rural choices where the shortage of rural physicians is an ongoing and increasing concern. PMID:28232465

  12. Factors Influencing Student Performance on the Carpal Bone Test as a Preliminary Evaluation of Anatomical Knowledge Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Amanda J.; Armson, Anthony; Losco, C. Dominique; Losco, Barrett; Walker, Bruce F.

    2015-01-01

    It has been demonstrated that a positive correlation exists between clinical knowledge and retained concepts in basic sciences. Studies have demonstrated a modest attrition of anatomy knowledge over time, which may be influenced by students' perceived importance of the basic sciences and the learning styles adopted. The aims of this study…

  13. Factors that influence full-time MPH Students' willingness in China: would You apply again for an MPH graduate degree if you had another opportunity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Nan; Jia, Jinzhong; Wu, Ke; Wang, Yuanyuan; Zhang, Chi; Cao, Wei; Duan, Liping; Wang, Zhifeng

    2017-02-14

    Current and emerging challenges to public health in the 21st century are vastly different from those faced in previous centuries. And the shortage of health personnel and their low level of educational qualifications hindered the development of Chinese public health services. In order to fulfill this requirement, the Ministry of Education initiated a full-time, Master of Public Health (MPH) graduate programme in 2009. This study aimed to evaluate the level of graduate students' satisfaction with full-time Master of Public Health (MPH) education in China, and whether they would apply again for an MPH graduate degree if they had another opportunity to do so, as well as to identify the factors influencing their decision-making process. An anonymous, web-based survey questionnaire containing 61 items was distributed to 702 MPH students in 35 universities or colleges. The questions covered the categories of student admission, training goals, lecture courses, practical training, research activities and mentorship. Levels of satisfaction were compared between MPH students who would choose MPH again as their graduate degree if they had another opportunity to do so and those who would not. Key influencing factors of training satisfaction were identified using logistic regression models. A total of 65.10% of the participants would apply again for MPH education if they had another opportunity to do so. The factors influencing students' willingness included their university type, the time since admission and their initial willingness. In addition, the four common factors (admissions & lecture courses, research activities & mentorship, practical training and training goals) emerging from factor analysis were all significantly positively correlated with student willingness (p < 0.001). Most MPH students surveyed were highly satisfied with their MPH education and, although they advocated for improvements and reforms in some aspects, they would still choose MPH as their

  14. Specialty preferences of 1st year medical students in a Saudi Medical School – Factors affecting these choices and the influence of gender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaliyadan, Feroze; Amin, Tarek Tawfik; Qureshi, Habib; Al Wadani, Fahad

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aims: In recent years there has been a growing appreciation of the issues of career preference in medicine as it affects student learning and academic performance. Various factors influence the specialty choices of medical students. Some specialties tend to attract students more than others. One possible consequence of this would be a mismatch between health needs and specialist numbers in the region. This study investigated the career preferences of 1st year medical students in a Saudi medical school and to assess factors affecting these choices. Materials and Methods: The study was a cross-sectional survey carried out on the 1st year undergraduate students in the college of medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia. A total of 109 students (57 female and 52 males) responded to the questionnaire which was initially administered to all the students of the 1st year – A total of 120 students (response rate was 90.8%). A mixed method approach was used and qualitative data from open-ended questions were analyzed based on thematic analysis. Results: The top choices were general surgery, internal medicine, and pediatrics. Among female students; the top specialty choices were: General surgery (23%), pediatrics (18%), and dermatology (15%). Among the male students; the top choices were: General surgery (54%) and internal medicine (23%). Of the total, 57% of the students agreed or strongly agreed that primary aptitude was the main factor affecting the choice. Only 31% felt that there was a significant influence of role model, 48% felt that the advice of others – peers and family, would be a factor influencing their choices, and 53% agreed that specialty choice would influence their future learning patterns. Males were more likely to choose a specialty based on actual aptitude for the specialty, financial rewards, and scope for research; and this gender difference was statistically significant. Conclusion: Surgery was the top-choice in both genders

  15. A survey of factors influencing career preference in new-entrant and exiting medical students from four UK medical schools

    OpenAIRE

    Cleland, Jennifer A.; Johnston, Peter W; Anthony, Micheal; Khan, Nadir; Scott, Neil W

    2014-01-01

    Background Workforce planning is a central issue for service provision and has consequences for medical education. Much work has been examined the career intentions, career preferences and career destinations of UK medical graduates but there is little published about medical students career intentions. How soon do medical students formulate careers intentions? How much do these intentions and preferences change during medical school? If they do change, what are the determining factors? Our a...

  16. Learning and Living Overseas: Exploring Factors that Influence Meaningful Learning and Assimilation: How International Students Adjust to Studying in the UK from a Socio-Cultural Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgia Taylor

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available There is a considerable amount of research investigating students’ transition from college to university but it is important this focus is directed specifically towards the transition of international students, as the difficulties they face are profound. The literature surrounding international students seems to lack an in-depth understanding of how multiple contextual factors influence how students adjust to Higher Education. Therefore, the present study utilizes Bronfenbrenner’s (2009 ecological theory of human development in order to understand both immediate and distal environmental influences and how they interact to impact on the individual’s development from a holistic perspective. Five international students participated in a time line interview. Findings suggest that international students face a number of challenges when transitioning from their home country to study in higher education in the UK, particularly in the areas of language competence; cultural assimilation and social relationships. This in turn prevented meaningful learning occurring. Applying Bronfenbrenner’s theory, the participants’ broader environment was analysed, which encouraged an examination of the challenges they faced which regards to cultural influences, government influences and university policies, as well as influences from within their immediate environment.

  17. The Use of English Songs with Social Content as a Situated Literacy Practice: Factors that Influence Student Participation in the EFL Classroom

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    Nilsen Palacios Mena

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This action research study examines the factors that influence student participation when songs with social content are utilised in the EFL classroom. The study proposes the use of English songs as a situated social practice under the perspective of critical pedagogy. The study was done in the 11th English class of a public high school located in the south of Bogota, Colombia. Data was collected through field observations, semistructured interviews, questionnaires and artefacts made by the students. The results indicate that factors relate to the songs and the students themselves. The study suggests that providing different opportunities for students to explore different dimensions of literacy that go beyond the linguistic aspects of a foreign language can encourage meaningful participation and interest in learning English as a Foreign Language.

  18. A quantitative analysis of factors that influence and predict students' intention to major in and complete an undergraduate program in STEM or non-STEM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xuemei

    2005-11-01

    The goal of this study was to explore and understand the factors that influence students' intention to major in and complete an undergraduate program in a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) discipline, in a non-STEM field, and how students' gender directly and indirectly affects their success in college. A quantitative study of three thousand four (3004) ACT-tested students who entered a Midwestern, land-grant university as freshmen in fall, 1999 was conducted based on their ACT Assessment information and their enrollment and graduation status after five years. A wide variety of variables were considered and logistic regression, factor analysis, and path analysis were used to analyze the data. The results show that students who intended to major in or completed STEM programs generally have better academic qualifications than their counterparts who intended to major in non-STEM fields. Students who intended to major in or completed STEM programs came from lower income families and smaller communities than those who intended to major in or graduated from non-STEM programs. In this study, gender's direct effect on students' college achievement is eleven times the total of gender's indirect effects through several major factors for students in both STEM fields and non-STEM fields. Perhaps nature has favored females when students' achievement is measured as their college GPA. The results also show that the overall high dropout rate is strongly associated with students' inadequate preparation in high school and family income. Out-of-school accomplishment in community service is a negative influence on their completion of a college degree. ACT scores are not necessary for prediction of college graduation.

  19. American Sign Language and Academic English: Factors Influencing the Reading of Bilingual Secondary School Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Jessica A; Hoffmeister, Robert J

    2017-01-01

    For many years, researchers have sought to understand the reading development of deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) students. Guided by prior research on DHH and hearing students, in this study we investigate the hypothesis that for secondary school DHH students enrolled in American Sign Language (ASL)/English bilingual schools for the deaf, academic English proficiency would be a significant predictor of reading comprehension alongside ASL proficiency. Using linear regression, we found statistically significant interaction effects between academic English knowledge and word reading fluency in predicting the reading comprehension scores of the participants. However, ASL remained the strongest and most consistent predictor of reading comprehension within the sample. Findings support a model in which socio-demographic factors, ASL proficiency, and word reading fluency are primary predictors of reading comprehension for secondary DHH students.

  20. study of most important factors influencing the effectiveness of teaching from viewpoint of graduate students: AHP model approach

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    Sh Sadigh Maroufi

    2014-12-01

    Results: According to the students participating in the study, the eloquent, simple expression and clear conveyance of the subject were the most important factors (0.216, while the assessment of students at each session, in the mid-term exam, and in the final exam was of the lowest importance regarding the effectiveness of academic teaching (0.057. No significant difference was found between male and female students considering factors affecting effective teaching. Conclusion: Results indicated that the eloquent and simple expression of subjects has the greatest impact on teaching effectiveness. Therefore, to promote the current situation, the high-ranking educational authorities of the university are required to take into account the quality of teaching effectiveness, for instance, to organize appropriate and purposeful training courses.

  1. Study on the factors that influence the intention of college students to participate in the green building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung ChienJen

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of green building has been extended for a period of time on both sides of the Taiwan Strait. However, there still is curiosity and skepticism in Fujian on green building. While in Taiwan, villages are filled with green-evolved houses and modern environmental farmhouses. With Theory of Planned Behavior as the framework, this study investigates influences of college students’ attitude toward green building, subjective norms of green building and perceived behavioral control of green building on the intention to participate in the green building. Findings show that college students’ attitude toward green building and the perceived behavioral control of green building significantly influence the intention to participate in the green building, but “subjective norms of green building” doesn’t have significant influence. The reason is probably that college students are at the rebellious stage and have high self consciousness and independent viewpoints.

  2. Influence of socioeconomic, behavioral and nutritional factors on dissatisfaction with body image among female university students in Florianopolis, SC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Larissa da Cunha Feio; de Vasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes

    2010-12-01

    This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dissatisfaction with body image and associated socio-economic, behavioral and dietary factors in female university students from a public university in Florianopolis, SC. Body image was assessed by the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34) in a sample of 220 students. Nutritional status was investigated by body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and body fat percentage (%BF). Socio-economic characteristics (age, monthly household income, and parental schooling) as well as energy intake and going on restrictive diets were also investigated. Factors associated with dissatisfaction with body image were analyzed by multivariate Poisson regression analysis. The prevalence of dissatisfaction with body image was 47.3% (95% CI 40.7; 53.9). Nutritional status by BMI and going on a diet to lose weight were the variables associated with body dissatisfaction. Results showed a high prevalence of indicators of rejection of their physical fitness among university students, which signals toward the need for nutritional education actions at universities in order to clarify and prevent abnormal eating attitudes among students.

  3. Factors Influencing Facebook Usage and Facebook Addictive Tendency in University Students: The Role of Online Psychological Privacy and Facebook Usage Motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Fu-Yuan; Chiu, Su-Lin

    2016-04-01

    There are few studies analysing the influence of personal traits and motivation factors on Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency as seen in university students. In this study, 225 Taiwanese university students completed a questionnaire to determine their online psychological privacy scale, Facebook usage motivation scale, Facebook usage scale and Facebook addictive tendency scale, in order to evaluate the items that can be conceptualized as the effect of university students' online psychological privacy personal trait and motive factors, and Facebook usage motivation with respect to Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency. The study found that a desire for more online psychological privacy correlates with a stronger motivation to use Facebook and more Facebook usage behaviour among university students who may become high-risk groups for Facebook addictive tendency. The study found that a desire for or an acceptance of a lower online psychological privacy correlates with a stronger motivation to use Facebook among university students who may have more Facebook usage behaviour. This study can help understand university students' Facebook usage and Facebook addictive tendency and provide feature indicators for those who may become high-risk groups for Facebook addictive tendency. Finally, this study conducts discussion and proposes relevant suggestions for future study.

  4. Should I stay or should I go? A systematic review of factors that influence healthcare students' decisions around study abroad programmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Mary; Boateng, Edward Appiah; Evans, Catrin

    2016-04-01

    Study abroad programmes have been shown to have significant benefits for participating healthcare students such as promoting cultural awareness and understanding of different healthcare settings, policies and practices. Healthcare students are encouraged to undertake elective or Erasmus placements overseas to enhance personal and professional development and to broaden horizons through lived cultural experience. However, there is a relatively low uptake of such opportunities amongst this student group. This systematic review aimed to explore factors that influence healthcare students' decision making around study abroad opportunities within undergraduate training programmes. A systematic review was undertaken utilising a narrative synthesis approach. A comprehensive literature search was conducted on MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ASSIA, and ERIC databases. Key institutions were contacted for grey literature. Studies that reported on factors that influence healthcare students' decisions regarding study abroad programmes were included in the review. Ten studies were identified for inclusion (5 qualitative studies, 5 surveys), indicating a paucity of research in this area. Data synthesis indicates that factors that influence healthcare students' decisions to participate in study abroad programmes are similar across different geographic locations and different professional groups. Factors that support decisions to study overseas include having sufficient information about study abroad programmes, especially early in an academic programme, having an interest in other cultures/countries and having academic staff and family as positive role models who motivate them to study abroad. Key barriers are cost and language issues. Language remains a significant barrier even when generous bursaries are available, as with the Erasmus scheme, when students are not proficient with the language spoken in host countries. Students tend to prefer destinations where language is not

  5. The critical factors that influence faculty attitudes and perceptions of teaching English as Second Language nursing students: A grounded theory research study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starkey, Traci J

    2015-05-01

    As the demographics of the United States change, nursing will need to become more ethnically diverse in order to provide culturally responsive healthcare. Enrollment of English as Second Language nursing students is increasing; however, these students often encounter academic difficulties. The increase in English as Second Language nursing students in the classroom and clinical setting has posed challenges for nurse faculty. To explore the critical factors that influence faculty attitudes and perceptions of teaching English as Second Language nursing students. A grounded theory method based on the philosophical underpinnings of symbolic interactionism and pragmatism was used to explore the critical factors that influence faculty attitudes and perceptions of teaching English as Second Language nursing students. The study took place at various schools of nursing in the Southeast Florida area. Educators teaching in an associate, baccalaureate, and/or graduate nursing program at an accredited school of nursing. Semi-structured interviews and a focus group were conducted to collect data from nurse faculty. Data segments from interviews were coded, categorized, and analyzed. Theoretical sampling and a focus group interview were used to validate the concepts, themes, and categories identified during the individual interviews. A substantive level theory was developed. The core category that developed was conscientization. The three dominant categories that emerged from the data were overcoming, coming to know, and facilitating. The theoretical framework of conscientization provided an explanation of the social processes involved in teaching English as Second Language nursing students. The theoretical framework developed from this study can be used to increase the effectiveness of teaching English as Second Language nursing students, improve their chances of success, and enhance diversity in the nursing profession. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Study on the Factors that Influence Teacher Identity of Normal University Students%师范生教师职业认同的影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周玉

    2016-01-01

    Teacher professional identity is very important for normal university students because of the teaching skill optimization ,the increase of cultivation quality and the professional skill enhancement .While the status of teacher professional identity of normal students is gradually decreasing .Influence factors can be attributed to social factors ,school factors ,student and family factors ,and so on .In order to improve the teacher professional identity of normal students ,all the sides should work together .%师范生的教师职业认同对于优化教学效果、提升培养质量、助力学生成长具有重要的意义。当前师范生的教师职业认同状况呈逐渐下降趋势,其影响因素可以归结为社会因素、学校因素、学生及家庭因素等方面。改善师范生教师职业认同状况,需要各方面共同努力。

  7. Investigation on Influence Factors of College Students' As-sessment%关于大学生评教结果影响因素的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘孝亮; 何敏

    2016-01-01

    The teaching quality in the college and university has always been concerned. The evaluation system has been gradual-ly improved, but the assessment system of college students is controversial. So we start this study. Students are still the main influence factors in the evaluation process, and other factors' in-fluence is according to students' attitudes. The evaluation indica-tors and evaluation policy are very important, otherwise, the teacher and class type can also affect students' evaluation results.%高校教学质量一直受到关注,高校评教制度在逐步完善,而大学生评教制度却一直受到争议.本文针对大学生评教结果的影响因素问题开展了研究调查.在调查中发现,学生仍然是学生评教过程中主体影响因素,其他因素是通过对学生的态度的影响,进而影响评教结果的.

  8. Influencing Factors of Career Planning Education for Graduate from Junior College Student to University Student in Independent College%独立院校专升本职业规划教育的影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭立青; 朱性海; 李静超

    2013-01-01

      本文通过对独立学院专升本学生职业规划的现状分析,讨论影响专升本学生职业规划教育的主要影响因素,为提高学生职业生涯规划的能力寻找途径。%  This article analyzes the status quo of career planning for graduate from junior college student to university student in independent colleges, discusses the main influencing factors of career planning education, giving the approach to improving students' ability in career planning.

  9. An Examination of Factors Influencing Students Not To Enroll at the Springfield-Clark JVS, Vanguard JVS, and Lawrence County JVS. Summary of Research 61; Summary of Research 62; Summary of Research 63.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetti, Rosemarie

    The three studies presented in this document investigated factors that influenced students not to enroll in Ohio joint vocational schools (JVS's) and their nonvocational students in the comprehensive feeder schools for the Springfield-Clark JVS, Lawrence County JVS, and Vanguard JVS during the 1989-90 school year. A student questionnaire acquired…

  10. Factors influencing knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate Medical, Nursing and Psychology students of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igwe, Monday N; Bakare, Muideen O; Agomoh, Ahamefule O; Onyeama, Gabriel M; Okonkwo, Kevin O

    2010-06-13

    Knowledge and awareness about childhood autism is low among health care workers and the general populace in Nigeria. Poor knowledge about childhood autism among final year medical, nursing and psychology students who would form tomorrow's child health care professionals can compromise early recognition and interventions that are known to improve prognosis in childhood autism. Educational factors that could be influencing knowledge about childhood autism among these future health care professionals are unknown. This study assessed knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate medical, nursing and psychology students in south-eastern Nigeria and determined the factors that could be influencing such knowledge. One hundred final year undergraduate students were randomly selected from each of the Departments of Medicine, Nursing Science and Psychology respectively of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria making a sample size of three hundred. A socio-demographic questionnaire and knowledge about childhood autism among health workers (KCAHW) questionnaire were administered to the students. The total mean score for the three groups of students on the KCAHW questionnaire was 10.67+/-3.73 out of a possible total score of 19, with medical, nursing and psychology students having total mean scores of 12.24+/-3.24, 10.76+/-3.50 and 9.01+/-3.76 respectively. The mean scores for the three groups showed statistically significant difference for domain 1 (p=0.000), domain 3 (p=0.029), domain 4 (p=0.000) and total score (p=0.000), with medical students more likely to recognise symptoms and signs of autism compared to nursing and psychology students. The mean score in domain 2 did not show statistically significant difference among the three groups (p=0.769). The total score on the KCAHW questionnaire is positively correlated with the number of weeks of posting in psychiatry (r=0.319, p=0.000) and the number of weeks of posting in paediatrics (r=0.372, p=0

  11. Factors influencing health professions students' use of computers for data analysis at three Ugandan public medical schools: a cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munabi, Ian G; Buwembo, William; Bajunirwe, Francis; Kitara, David Lagoro; Joseph, Ruberwa; Peter, Kawungezi; Obua, Celestino; Quinn, John; Mwaka, Erisa S

    2015-02-25

    Effective utilization of computers and their applications in medical education and research is of paramount importance to students. The objective of this study was to determine the association between owning a computer and use of computers for research data analysis and the other factors influencing health professions students' computer use for data analysis. We conducted a cross sectional study among undergraduate health professions students at three public universities in Uganda using a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was composed of questions on participant demographics, students' participation in research, computer ownership, and use of computers for data analysis. Descriptive and inferential statistics (uni-variable and multi- level logistic regression analysis) were used to analyse data. The level of significance was set at 0.05. Six hundred (600) of 668 questionnaires were completed and returned (response rate 89.8%). A majority of respondents were male (68.8%) and 75.3% reported owning computers. Overall, 63.7% of respondents reported that they had ever done computer based data analysis. The following factors were significant predictors of having ever done computer based data analysis: ownership of a computer (adj. OR 1.80, p = 0.02), recently completed course in statistics (Adj. OR 1.48, p =0.04), and participation in research (Adj. OR 2.64, p computer, participation in research and undertaking courses in research methods influence undergraduate students' use of computers for research data analysis. Students are increasingly participating in research, and thus need to have competencies for the successful conduct of research. Medical training institutions should encourage both curricular and extra-curricular efforts to enhance research capacity in line with the modern theories of adult learning.

  12. A moderated mediated path analysis of factors influencing student performance on a standardized high-stakes science test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelkey, Ramona K.

    Gender, ethnicity, family economic status, reading score, mathematics score, and number of science semesters successfully completed were examined for their contributory role to a student's science score on a high-stakes, high school exit examination. Path analysis and analysis of variance procedures were used to quantify each variable's influence on science score. Gender, ethnicity, and family economic status were found to be moderators while reading proved to mediate within the model. The path model was created using a calibration sample and cross-validated using a hold-out validation sample. Bootstrapping was used to verify the goodness of fit of the model. A predictive equation explained 66% (R2 = .66) of the variance in observed TAKS science score.

  13. Factors that influence the choice to work in rural township health centers among 4,669 clinical medical students from five medical universities in Guangxi, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qing, Yunbo; Hu, Guijie; Chen, Qingyun; Peng, Hailun; Li, Kailan; Wei, Jinling; Yi, Yanhua

    2015-01-01

    To produce competent undergraduate-level medical doctors for rural township health centers (THCs), the Chinese government mandated that medical colleges in Central and Western China recruit rural-oriented, tuition-waived medical students (RTMSs) starting in 2010. This study aimed to identify and assess factors that influence the choice to work in rural township health centers among both RTMSs and other students from five medical universities in Guangxi, China. An internet-based self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted with medical students in Guangxi province. Multinomial logistic regression was used to identify factors related to the attitudes toward work in a rural township health center. Among 4,669 medical students, 1,523 (33%) had a positive attitude and 2,574 (55%) had a neutral attitude toward working in THCs. Demographic characteristics, personal job concerns, and knowledge of THCs were associated with the choice of a career in THCs. The factors related to a positive attitude included the following: three-year program, a rural-oriented medical program, being male, an expectation of working in a county or township, a focus on medical career development, some perceived difficulty of getting a job, having family support, sufficient knowledge of THCs, optimism toward THC development, seeking lower working pressure, and a lower expected monthly salary. Male students in a three-year program or a rural-oriented tuition-waived medical education program were more likely to work in THCs. Selecting medical students through interviews to identify their family support and intentions to work in THCs would increase recruitment and retention. Establishing favorable policies and financial incentives to improve living conditions and the social status of rural physicians is necessary.

  14. Factors that influence the choice to work in rural township health centers among 4,669 clinical medical students from five medical universities in Guangxi, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunbo Qing

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To produce competent undergraduate-level medical doctors for rural township health centers (THCs, the Chinese government mandated that medical colleges in Central and Western China recruit rural-oriented, tuition-waived medical students (RTMSs starting in 2010. This study aimed to identify and assess factors that influence the choice to work in rural township health centers among both RTMSs and other students from five medical universities in Guangxi, China. Methods: An internet-based self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted with medical students in Guangxi province. Multinomial logistic regression was used to identify factors related to the attitudes toward work in a rural township health center. Results: Among 4,669 medical students, 1,523 (33% had a positive attitude and 2,574 (55% had a neutral attitude toward working in THCs. Demographic characteristics, personal job concerns, and knowledge of THCs were associated with the choice of a career in THCs. The factors related to a positive attitude included the following: three-year program, a rural-oriented medical program, being male, an expectation of working in a county or township, a focus on medical career development, some perceived difficulty of getting a job, having family support, sufficient knowledge of THCs, optimism toward THC development, seeking lower working pressure, and a lower expected monthly salary. Conclusion: Male students in a three-year program or a rural-oriented tuition-waived medical education program were more likely to work in THCs. Selecting medical students through interviews to identify their family support and intentions to work in THCs would increase recruitment and retention. Establishing favorable policies and financial incentives to improve living conditions and the social status of rural physicians is necessary.

  15. Factors influencing the choice of a career in food-animal practice among recent graduates and current students of Texas A&M University, College of Veterinary Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenarduzzi, Roland; Sheppard, Guy A; Slater, Margaret R

    2009-01-01

    Concerns about a shortage of large and mixed-animal veterinarians have been discussed in the profession. To better understand veterinary career choices among currently enrolled veterinary students (classes of 2007-2010) and recent graduate veterinarians in Texas (classes of 2002-2006), an online survey was developed. The objectives were to examine: (1) the respondents' backgrounds, demographic data, and experiences; (2) the respondents' working conditions and rural lifestyle considerations; (3) the respondents' perceptions of large/mixed-animal practice; and (4) the factors that have influenced respondents' career choices. The response rate was 37% (390/1,042). Overall, 72% of students and 55% of recent graduates were interested in large/mixed-animal practice. More than 70% of respondents indicated that veterinary practitioners had the strongest personal influence on career choices. Respondents who were no longer interested in large/mixed-animal practice, or who had never been interested, reported no experience with large animals (42% and 64%, respectively) as the most common reason for their lack of interest. Previous and current interest in large/mixed-animal practice were associated with working in a large/mixed-animal practice, any agricultural experience, and working for at least 6 months on a farm or ranch. Any 4-H experience increased the likelihood of previous interest, while being married decreased the likelihood of current interest. Student contact with practitioners (82%) and financial considerations (77%) were most commonly cited as factors that would make a career in large/mixed-animal practice more attractive. Rural lifestyle drawbacks influenced respondents' career choices. Many forms of agricultural experience may expose and encourage students to consider large/mixed-animal practice.

  16. Use of the Theory of Planned Behaviour to assess factors influencing the identification of students at clinical high-risk for psychosis in 16+ Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Debra A; Stochl, Jan; Painter, Michelle; Shelley, Gillian F; Jones, Peter B; Perez, Jesus

    2015-09-23

    The longer psychotic disorders are untreated the worse their prognosis. Increasing the awareness of early psychosis by professionals who come into regular contact with young people is one strategy that could reduce treatment delay. As teachers engage with students on a daily basis, their role could be exploited to increase awareness of the early signs of psychosis. This study employed the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) to identify and measure factors that influence identification of students at high-risk (HR) of developing psychosis in 16+ educational institutions. An elicitation phase revealed beliefs underlying teachers' motivations to detect HR students and informed the construction of a preliminary 114-item questionnaire incorporating all constructs outlined in the TPB. To define the determinants of teachers' intention to identify HR students, 75 teachers from secondary and further education institutions in 12 counties surrounding Cambridgeshire completed the questionnaire. A psychometric model of item response theory was used to identify redundant items and produce a reduced questionnaire that would be acceptable to teachers. The final instrument comprised 73 items and showed acceptable reliability (α  = 0.69-0.81) for all direct measures. Teacher's confidence and control over identification of HR students was low. Although identification of HR students was considered worthwhile, teachers believed that their peers, students and particularly their managers might not approve. Path analysis revealed that direct measures of attitude and PBC significantly predicted intention, but subjective norm did not. PBC was the strongest predictor of intention. Collectively, the direct measures explained 37 % of the variance of intention to identify HR for psychosis. This research demonstrated how the TPB can be used to identify and measure factors that influence identification of students at HR of developing psychosis in 16+ educational institutions and confirmed the

  17. Influencing factors on hand hygiene behavior of nursing students based on theory of planned behavior: A descriptive survey study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Sun Young; Kim, Kyung Mi

    2016-01-01

    Hand hygiene is the single most important measure to prevent transmission of infection, but the compliance rate of healthcare workers is relatively low. This study was conducted to identify the knowledge, beliefs, behavior, and affecting factors about hand hygiene among nursing students. A descriptive survey study. The study was carried out in two South Korean nursing schools. A total 208 nursing students participated in this study. Questionnaires were used to collect data. The percentage of correct answers in the survey section concerning hand hygiene knowledge was 68.1%. No significant difference in the knowledge, behavioral beliefs, normative beliefs, or control beliefs data was found related to general characteristics. Behavioral beliefs correlated with normative beliefs (r=.25, phand hygiene behavior (r=.17, p=.017), and control beliefs correlated with hand hygiene behavior (r=.18, p=.010). The results suggest that knowledge is not enough to change the beliefs related to hand hygiene; positive behavioral beliefs and strong control beliefs are also needed to increase hand hygiene compliance. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Factors Influencing the Learning Management System (LMS Success Among Undergraduate Students in Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suha Fouad Salem

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In the last few years, there has been an increase in the number of e-learning systems being added into the educational processes. One of them is the Learning management system (LMS, an educational program that is based on web technology. The programs in this system provide support to instructors to achieve their pedagogical goals, organize course contents that in turn support students’ learning process. The aim of this study is to investigate the factors that have brought success to the learning management system. The study examines the relationship between students’ outcomes (Perceived Usefulness and information quality, for online learning through system use and user satisfaction. The respondents chosen for this study are undergraduate students from Limkokwing University in Malaysia. The number of respondents selected as sample of this study is based on the number of students in each faculty. The quantitative data are obtained from a survey using questionnaires. The analysis of the available data indicated that all relationships from independent variables to mediating variables and from mediating variables to dependent variable are significant, the most influential path was information quality user satisfaction perceived usefulness.

  19. Migration Intentions of Ghanaian Medical Students: The Influence of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Migration Intentions of Ghanaian Medical Students: The Influence of existing Funding Mechanisms of Medical Education("The Fee Factor") ... CI=1.32, 3.38) than non-fee-paying students to have intentions of migrating after their training.

  20. Personal and Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Female Choice of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Personal and Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Female Choice of Courses in ... Female students in six (Arts, Education, Pharmacy, Science, Social Sciences and ... services to secondary school students in the choice of courses and career.

  1. Socio-Demographic Factors Influencing Work-Role Salience Among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Socio-Demographic Factors Influencing Work-Role Salience Among ... The findings showed that students from lower socio-economic status homes and those ... The need to involve the students\\' parents in career education programmes and ...

  2. Reduction of Influence Factors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Regtien, Paulus P.L.; Sydenham, Peter H.; Thorn, Richard

    Any measurement system has imperfections and any act of measurement is liable to errors. Measurement errors either originate from system deficiencies (for instance system noise, quantization, and drift), or are due to environmental influences such as thermal, electromagnetic, and mechanical

  3. Factors Influencing Army Accessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    POINT CONTROL PARAMETER (INPUT) C IPNT a 1 D STAT VALUES ARE PRINTED C IPNT NE I PRINTING. IS SUPPRESSED. C . VITO IPNT z 9 THE WRITE STATEMENTS...enlisted student status, he received a Bachelor of Arts in Mathematics and a Bachelor of Business Administration in Personnel Management from Saint Mary’s

  4. The Swedish version of the Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying scale: aspects of validity and factors influencing nurses' and nursing students' attitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henoch, Ingela; Browall, Maria; Melin-Johansson, Christina; Danielson, Ella; Udo, Camilla; Johansson Sundler, Annelie; Björk, Maria; Ek, Kristina; Hammarlund, Kina; Bergh, Ingrid; Strang, Susann

    2014-01-01

    Nurses' attitudes toward caring for dying persons need to be explored. The Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying (FATCOD) scale has not previously been used in Swedish language. The objectives of this study were to compare FATCOD scores among Swedish nurses and nursing students with those from other languages, to explore the existence of 2 subscales, and to evaluate influences of experiences on attitudes toward care of dying patients. A descriptive, cross-sectional, and predictive design was used. The FATCOD scores of Swedish nurses from hospice, oncology, surgery clinics, and palliative home care and nursing students were compared with published scores from the United States, Israel, and Japan. Descriptive statistics, t tests, and factor and regression analyses were used. The sample consisted of 213 persons: 71 registered nurses, 42 enrolled nurses, and 100 nursing students. Swedish FATCOD mean scores did not differ from published means from the United States and Israel, but were significantly more positive than Japanese means. In line with Japanese studies, factor analyses yielded a 2-factor solution. Total FATCOD and subscales had low Cronbach α's. Hospice and palliative team nurses were more positive than oncology and surgery nurses to care for dying patients. Although our results suggest that the Swedish FATCOD may comprise 2 distinct scales, the total scale may be the most adequate and applicable for use in Sweden. Professional experience was associated with nurses' attitudes toward caring for dying patients. Care culture might influence nurses' attitudes toward caring for dying patients; the benefits of education need to be explored.

  5. A Study on Influence Factors of College Students'Online Shopping Intentions%大学生网络购物意愿影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    In this paper ,the influence factors on the contemporary college students'online shopping in-tentions and the different influences of these factors are analyzed on the basis of investigation and re-search into their online shopping behaviors ,exploring some related elements like trust degree ,reliabili-ty ,discount ,payment safety etc .which affect the willingness for college students .Finally some sug-gestions are put forwards to promote their online shopping intentions .%  为提升当代大学生网络购物意愿,促进网络营销和电子商务的发展,本文在对当代大学生网络购物行为进行调研的基础上,运用 SPSS17.0统计软件对相关问卷数据进行分析,探索网络购物的信任程度、网上购买商品的可靠性、价格优惠程度、网络购物付款的安全性等相关因素对当代大学生网络购物意愿的影响程度,并根据这些影响因素提出提升当代大学生网络购物意愿的建议。

  6. Oral hygiene practices and factors influencing the choice of oral hygiene materials among undergraduate students at the University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayamma Udo Umanah

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine oral hygiene practices among university students; establish any association between oral hygiene practices and sociodemographic variables and find out the factors that may influence the choice of oral hygiene products in this group. Materials and Methods: Self-administered questionnaire containing information on age, gender, material used for tooth cleaning, and frequency of tooth cleaning was completed by the students in their hostels. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Test of significance was carried out using Chi-square and logistic regression analysis. Association was considered statistically significant when P ≤ 0.05. Results: In the present study, all the participants irrespective of the age, gender, and field of study used toothbrush and toothpaste as the oral hygiene tool. The use of dental floss, mouth rinse, and interproximal brush was not recorded in this study. About 24% of the participants reported using fluoride-containing toothpastes. Cleaning the teeth twice daily was significantly related to age (P = 0.046, gender (P = 0.01, and field of study (P = 0.032. Logistic regression analysis shows that the relationship between the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants and their frequency of tooth cleaning was statistically significant. The cost was the major factor influencing the selection of oral hygiene tools. Conclusion: The oral hygiene practices of the participants were suboptimal. Less than two-third of the sample cleaned their teeth twice daily. Age, gender, and field of study were significant determinants of oral hygiene practice. The major factor which influenced the selection of toothpaste and toothbrush was the cost.

  7. Perceived Influences on High School Students' Current Career Expectations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paa, Heidi K.; McWhirter, Ellen Hawley

    2000-01-01

    Presents descriptive data on high school students' (N=464) perceptions of various factors that might influence their current career expectations. Analysis suggests that high school students are aware of a variety of internal and external influences on their current career expectations. Girls endorsed more types of influence from same sex parent,…

  8. 高校女大学生婚前性行为的影响因素%Influencing factors of premarital sexual behavior of female college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘缨; 张建芳; 张媛媛; 陈必良

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the influencing factors of premarital sexual behavior of female college students, so as to provide evidence for their reproductive health interventions. Methods An anonymous survey was conducted with self-designed questionnaires among 838 female college students aged 18-24 from 5 randomly selected universities in Xi' an. Altogether 786 effective questionnaires were collected. Results Among the students surveyed, 5. 3% students had unplanned pregnancy, 17. 1% students had sexual behavior but were not pregnant, and 77. 6% students had no sexual behavior. The correct rate of sexual knowledge of sexual behavior group ( not pregnant ) was remarkably higher than that of no-sexual behavior group (χ2=9. 317-17. 126,P =0. 000-0. 003 ), and the sexual tolerance of former group ( not pregnant ) was also remarkably higher than that of latter group( χ2 =22.497, P = 0. 000 ). In sexual attitude towards the influence of premarital sex on body and mind and future family, the cognition of sexual behavior group was remarkably lower than that of no-sexual behavior group (χ2 =7. 162-16. 876,P = 0. 000-0. 022 ). Logistic regression analysis showed that grade, knowledge of contraception,side effect of premarital sex on future family and sexual tolerance were influencing factors of premarital sex. Conclusion Sexual attitude is an important influencing factor of premarital sex of female college students.%目的 探讨影响高校女大学生婚前性行为的因素,为大学女性生殖健康干预提供有参考价值的客观数据.方法 采用自编问卷调查法,随即抽取西安5所高校的838名18~24岁的女大学生为调查对象.结果 收回786份有效问卷进行分析,结果为①5.3%的女大学生承认有计划外妊娠行为,17.1%承认有性经历但无妊娠行为,77.6%无性经历;②在性知识掌握的正确率方面,有性经历组(未妊娠)高于无性经历组(χ2=9.317~17.126,P=0.000~0.003);③在对婚前性行为的容许度方面,

  9. Factors influencing knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate Medical, Nursing and Psychology students of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igwe Monday N

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Knowledge and awareness about childhood autism is low among health care workers and the general populace in Nigeria. Poor knowledge about childhood autism among final year medical, nursing and psychology students who would form tomorrow's child health care professionals can compromise early recognition and interventions that are known to improve prognosis in childhood autism. Educational factors that could be influencing knowledge about childhood autism among these future health care professionals are unknown. This study assessed knowledge about childhood autism among final year undergraduate medical, nursing and psychology students in south-eastern Nigeria and determined the factors that could be influencing such knowledge. Methods One hundred final year undergraduate students were randomly selected from each of the Departments of Medicine, Nursing Science and Psychology respectively of University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria making a sample size of three hundred. A socio-demographic questionnaire and knowledge about childhood autism among health workers (KCAHW questionnaire were administered to the students. Results The total mean score for the three groups of students on the KCAHW questionnaire was 10.67 ± 3.73 out of a possible total score of 19, with medical, nursing and psychology students having total mean scores of 12.24 ± 3.24, 10.76 ± 3.50 and 9.01 ± 3.76 respectively. The mean scores for the three groups showed statistically significant difference for domain 1 (p = 0.000, domain 3 (p = 0.029, domain 4 (p = 0.000 and total score (p = 0.000, with medical students more likely to recognise symptoms and signs of autism compared to nursing and psychology students. The mean score in domain 2 did not show statistically significant difference among the three groups (p = 0.769. The total score on the KCAHW questionnaire is positively correlated with the number of weeks of posting in psychiatry (r = 0.319, p = 0

  10. Analysis of Suicidal Ideation Influencing Factors For Junior High School Students%初中生自杀意念影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常向东; 马丹英; 袁大伟; 金霞芳; 徐燕; 李岗; 石军红; 吴蕾; 吴王辉; 沈文龙

    2014-01-01

    目的:探索初中生自杀意念的相关影响因素,为关注初中生心理健康提供实证依据。方法采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,对上海市松江区15所初中的2265名初中生进行一般情况问卷、自杀意念自评量表( SIOSS )、青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)、中学生抑郁量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)施测,以SPSS 17.0进行统计分析。结果①初中生1年内自杀意念检出率为13.47%;②学习成绩差、同伴关系差、有自杀家族史、父亲职业是农民、与父亲关系差、与母亲关系差、家庭经济状况差的初中生自杀意念检出率较高,差异有统计学意义(χ2=51.768,82.119,11.035,13.956,84.731,79.218,7.172;P<0.05);③有自杀意念组初中生的抑郁、焦虑、人际关系因子、学习压力因子、受惩罚因子、丧失因子、健康适应因子、其他因子分均高于无自杀意念组,差异有统计学意义(t=-30.853,-25.108,-20.663,-18.947,-14.508,-11.480,-14.474,-19.018;P<0.001);④多因素Logistic回归分析表明,初中生自杀意念的影响因素包括性别、年级、家庭状况(是否是单亲家庭)、同伴关系、家庭经济状况、抑郁、焦虑、人际关系因子、受惩罚因子。结论初中生自杀意念与多因素有关,应加强对初中生群体的心理健康教育。%Objective To explore suicidal ideation influencing factors for junior high school students so as to provide empirical evi -dence for their psychological health .Methods Stratified random sampling was carried out to investigate total 2265 junior high school students from fifteen junior high middle schools of Songjiang district in Shanghai .A general questionnaire , Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale(SIOSS),Adolescent Self -Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC),Middle School Student Depression Scale and Self -Rating Anxiety

  11. Phonological Awareness: Factors of Influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frohlich, Linda Paulina; Petermann, Franz; Metz, Dorothee

    2013-01-01

    Early child development is influenced by various genetic and environmental factors. This study aims to identify factors that affect the phonological awareness of preschool and first grade children. Based on a sample of 330 German-speaking children (mean age = 6.2 years) the following domains were evaluated: Parent factors, birth and pregnancy,…

  12. Examining the Influence of Selected Factors on Perceived Co-Op Work-Term Quality from a Student Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drewery, David; Nevison, Colleen; Pretti, T. Judene; Cormier, Lauren; Barclay, Sage; Pennaforte, Antoine

    2016-01-01

    This study discusses and tests a conceptual model of co-op work-term quality from a student perspective. Drawing from an earlier exploration of co-op students' perceptions of work-term quality, variables related to role characteristics, interpersonal dynamics, and organizational elements were used in a multiple linear regression analysis to…

  13. The voice handicap of student-teachers and risk factors perceived to have a negative influence on the voice.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thomas, G.; Kooijman, P.G.C.; Donders, A.R.T.; Cremers, C.W.R.J.; Jong, F.I.C.R.S. de

    2007-01-01

    A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was performed. The objectives of the study were to assess the psychosocial impact of current voice complaints as perceived by student-teachers with voice complaints in comparison with student-teachers without voice complaints, and to observe the pattern of risk

  14. College students' risk behaviors and its influencing factors is analyzed%大学生危险行为及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋彦喜; 赵楠

    2015-01-01

    Risk behaviors refers to human society caused directly or indirectly, apparent or potential harmful effects. Mainly including intentionally or unintentionally hurt behavior, network risk behavior, smoke wine risk behavior and unsafe sex, etc. Factors such as physical, psychological, family and peer influence college students the occurrence and development of dangerous behavior.%危险行为是对人类社会有直接或间接的、明显或潜在的危害作用。主要包括有意或无意伤害行为、网络危险行为、烟酒类危险行为、不安全性行为等。生理、心理、家庭、同伴等因素影响大学生危险行为的发生和发展。

  15. U.S. Students Study Abroad in the Middle East/North Africa: Factors Influencing Growing Numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane-Toomey, Cara K.; Lane, Shannon R.

    2013-01-01

    The political events of the last decade and the Arab Spring have made it more important than ever for Americans to understand the language, culture, and history of the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region. Study abroad is one important method that can significantly increase American students' understanding of the Arabic language and the culture…

  16. An Examination of Factors Influencing Students Not To Enroll in Secondary Vocational Education. Summary of Research 53.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossetti, Rosemarie; And Others

    A study was conducted to identify reasons why high school students elect not to enroll in a vocational curriculum. Data were collected via questionnaires sent to all 11th graders in 5 schools selected randomly in Southwestern Ohio (633 responses). Some of the findings of the study were the following: (1) 60 percent of the sample were enrolled in…

  17. The Influence of Academic and Social Factors of School Principals on the Success of Middle School Students in Urban Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Tonya Yvette

    2012-01-01

    One thing is certain, accountability is here to stay; accountability exposes the good, the bad, and the ugly. The academic achievement gap between non-White and White students continues to exist in the disaggregated data in individual campuses, within school districts, and within comparison studies across the nation. Thus, school leadership is…

  18. Factors Influencing Academic Performance in Quantitative Courses among Undergraduate Business Students of a Public Higher Education Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yousef, Darwish Abdulrahamn

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the impacts of teaching style, English language and communication and assessment methods on the academic performance of undergraduate business students in introductory quantitative courses such as Statistics for Business 1 and 2, Quantitative Methods for Business, Operations and Production Management and…

  19. Summer Research of Factors Influencing High School Student’s Choice of Careers in Defense Related Engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-05-01

    Dwayne 2219 Cardenas NE Albuquerque, NM 87110 Del Norte Other I Sifre, Wayne 2717 San Isidro NW Albuquerque, NM 87104 Valley Hispanic Figure II...the females. Both figures showed an increase over last year. MathematicsI was taken by all students. Algebra 1, Geometry and Algebra 2 were most

  20. 当代大学生幸福感影响因素及对策%Contemporary College Students' Happiness Influencing Factors and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲杉

    2015-01-01

    In today's rapid development of social economy, college students should be the happiest generation, however, the family of the gap between local social economy, self expectation and parents expect serious, and has not yet formed the outlook on life, learning, inter-personal, self-esteem and personality, the influence of subjective factors, is one of the reasons affect college students' sense of happiness. How to improve college students' happiness? Subjective aspect , cultivating college students' correct happiness, objective aspect, strengthening the construction of campus culture. Combining subjective and objective, and constantly improve the ideological and moral cultivation, sheer quality character, develop healthy personality, improve their quality of life, to cultivate the right happiness.%在社会经济飞速发展的今天,大学生应是最幸福的一代,然而,家庭社会经济地位的落差,自我期望与父母期望严重不符,加上尚未形成的人生观,学习、人际、自尊、人格等主观因素的影响,都是影响大学生幸福感的原因之一。怎么才能提高大学生的幸福感?主观方面,培养大学生正确的幸福感;客观方面,加强校园文化的建设。通过主、客观结合,不断提升大学生思想道德修养,砥砺品质品格,培养健全人格,提高生活质量,培养正确的幸福观。

  1. Factors influencing career choice in anaesthesiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha Tyagi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is a shortage of anaesthesiologists in India. The factors that prompt medical students to opt for anaesthesiology as their career are not known; neither do we have any mechanism to know a student′s stress-bearing ability before he/she opts for a stressful career like anaesthesiology. We conducted an anonymous, questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey among 200 post-graduate anaesthesiology students to know various factors that they considered while opting for this speciality, and also evaluated their stress-bearing ability using Antonovsky′s 13-point sense of coherence scale. Methods: Two-hundred anaesthesiology students were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding the factors they considered important while opting for anaesthesiology, also enumerated in order of importance the three most important factors that led to opting this career. Students also answered the questions in Antonovsky′s sense of coherence (SOC scale. Results: Economic security was considered by maximum number of students (67.7%, while intellectual stimulation/challenge offered by anaesthesiology was rated first in order of importance. Influence of doctor−patient relationship was not considered by large number of students. The weak SOC score (55 (25 th percentile was not greatly different than the mean SOC score (60 in the survey. Conclusion: Increasing the exposure of students to anaesthesiology at undergraduate level and building public awareness about the speciality will prompt more students to opt for the speciality, while career counselling with regard to specific needs of a speciality and ability of a student will help in opting the speciality that best suits the student′s personality.

  2. An Examination of Socio-Demographic Factors and Their Influence on Health Behaviors among International Students in the Texas State University System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Msengi, Clementine Mukeshimana

    2012-01-01

    The number of international students attending higher education in the United States continues to grow (McLachlan & Justice, 2009). International students face several challenges while studying in the United States, some of which are health challenges (Zysberg, 2005). The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of various…

  3. Factors Shaping the Decision of College Students to Walk or Drive under the Influence of Alcohol: A Test of Rational Choice Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Ashley; Monk-Turner, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Aims: Rational Choice theory was tested to better understand the differences in behaviour regarding walking and driving under the influence of alcohol. Methods: Students at a residential college campus in Virginia were surveyed. Findings: Results show that students were less likely to walk or drive while intoxicated if they believed such behaviour…

  4. Factors Shaping the Decision of College Students to Walk or Drive under the Influence of Alcohol: A Test of Rational Choice Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Ashley; Monk-Turner, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Aims: Rational Choice theory was tested to better understand the differences in behaviour regarding walking and driving under the influence of alcohol. Methods: Students at a residential college campus in Virginia were surveyed. Findings: Results show that students were less likely to walk or drive while intoxicated if they believed such behaviour…

  5. EFL Teachers' Factors and Students' Affect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Lei

    2007-01-01

    Individual learners' affective factors are very important for foreign language learning. In China foreign language learning mainly happens in the classroom. Foreign language teachers are the organizers and carriers of language classes, and thus they inevitably influence the students' affection. This study explores how EFL teachers influence…

  6. Influencers of career choice among allied health students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown-West, A P

    1991-01-01

    This study focused on the factors that influence students' choice of an allied health profession. A survey of 153 students in three allied health programs at the University of Connecticut revealed that "the need to help others," "prestige," "professional autonomy," "opportunities for advancement," "income potential," and "the effect of the specialty on family and personal life," were the major influencers of career choice among allied health students. Only a few students regarded malpractice suits and AIDS as negative influencers. While medical laboratory science majors regarded these as important factors, dietetics and physical therapy majors did not. The article suggests further use of these findings by program directors and career counselors.

  7. Influences on Malaysian pharmacy students' career preferences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasan, Syed Shahzad; Kwai Chong, David Weng; Ahmadi, Keivan; Se, Wong Pei; Hassali, Mohammed Azmi; Hata, Ernieda Mohammed; Hadi, Muhammed Abdul; Sridhar, Sathvik Belagodu; Ahmed, Syed Imran; Yean, Low Bee; Efendie, Benny

    2010-11-10

    To identify and evaluate factors affecting the career preferences of fourth-year bachelor of pharmacy (BPharm) students in Malaysia in the presence of a 4-year period of mandatory government service. A validated self-administered questionnaire was used in this cross-sectional study to collect data from final-year BPharm students enrolled at 3 government-funded universities and 1 private university in Malaysia. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. Three hundred fourteen students responded (213 from public universities and 101 from the private university). Approximately 32% of public university students and 37% of private university students ranked their own interest in pharmacy as the reason for undertaking pharmacy degree studies; 40.4% of public and 19.8% of private university respondents stated that they would enter a nonpharmacy-related career upon graduation if given the choice. Public university students ranked hospital pharmacy as their choice of first career setting (4.39, p = 0.001), while private students ranked community pharmacy first (4.1, p = 0.002). On a scale of 1 to 5, salary received the highest mean score (3.9 and 4.0, p = 0.854) as the extrinsic factor most influencing their career choice. Final-year students at Malaysian public universities were most interested in hospital pharmacy practice as their first career step upon graduation, while private university students were most interested in community pharmacy. The top 3 extrinsic factors rated as significant in selecting a career destination were salary, benefits, and geographical location.

  8. Teacher-Student Interactions under the Influence of Cultural Differences

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李莹

    2009-01-01

    The interactions between teachers and students are often influenced by the factor of cultural differences. The author mainly analyzes the American teacher-Chinese student interactions under the influence of cultural differences with the theory of Hofstede's four value dimensions. The author also puts forward some suggestions to promote cross-cultural communication in the classrooms.

  9. 高校大学生安全感调查及影响因素研究%The study on college students' security and its influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海霞; 林林; 石娅娅; 王玖; 孙红卫

    2014-01-01

    目的 编制大学生安全感量表,调查在校大学生安全感的主观感受,根据感受的倾向性和特征,进一步分析导致不安全感的主客体因素.方法 利用自行编制的大学生安全感调查量表,采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,在预调查的基础上对某市四所高校500名在校大学生进行调查,运用SPSS17.0、AHP与SAS9.1统计软件对数据进行统计分析.结果 量表的Cronbach's系数为0.629;大学生安全感的四个维度及总安全感均处于中等偏上水平,被试大学生的总体安全感得分在年级、性别和是否单亲方面的差异有统计学意义(均P<0.05),自我安全感在年级、性别方面差异显著(P<0.01,P<0.05),人际安全感在性别和是否单亲家庭方面的差异有统计学意义(均P<0.05),确定控制感和家庭安全感在这些人口学变量方面差异无统计学意义.多因素分析结果显示,决策树模型优于Logistic回归模型(错误分类率低),确定影响大学生安全感的主要因素有性别、年级、家庭人均年收入和是否独生子女;且大学生安全感的各维度之间存在显著正相关,各维度安全感的水平均可能影响其他安全感的状况.结论 量表具有较好的信度与效度,可用于大学生安全感调查;调查人群的总体安全感处于中等偏上水平,性别、年级、人均年收入与是否独生子女是影响大学生不安全感的潜在因素.%Objective To develop the security scale of college students' sense to investigate college students' subjective feeling of security.According to the characteristics of the feeling tendentiousness to analysis the subject and object factors influencing the insecurity of college students.Methods The security scale of college students' sense compiled was administrated to 500 college student randomly stratified cluster sampling from four universities in Yantai,then description and analysis were analyzed by SPSS17.0,AHP and SAS9

  10. Binary Logistic Regression Analysis in Assessment and Identifying Factors That Influence Students' Academic Achievement: The Case of College of Natural and Computational Science, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zewude, Bereket Tessema; Ashine, Kidus Meskele

    2016-01-01

    An attempt has been made to assess and identify the major variables that influence student academic achievement at college of natural and computational science of Wolaita Sodo University in Ethiopia. Study time, peer influence, securing first choice of department, arranging study time outside class, amount of money received from family, good life…

  11. Personality disorder and its influencing factors among college students%大学生人格障碍及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈燕芬; 张迪; 寇长贵; 史杰萍; 于雅琴; 黄悦勤

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解在校大学生人格障碍现状及影响因素,为人格障碍的病因预防和心理健康教育提供参考依据.方法 采用人格诊断问卷第4版(PDQ-4)和世界卫生组织复合性国际诊断交谈表3.0版(WHO-CIDI-3.0)对1 745名在校大学生进行问卷调查.结果 大学生人格障碍阳性检出率为4.58%;多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示,父亲的心理状况差(OR =3.165,P<0.01)、家庭冲突频率高(OR=5.232,P<0.05)、父母间争吵打骂频率高(OR =0.049,P<0.05)、父亲曾有自杀行为(OR=7.730,P<0.05)和自我内部评价差(OR=3.094,P<0.01)是大学生人格障碍影响因素.结论 在校大学生人格障碍阳性检出率较高,人格障碍形成与家庭环境、童年时期经历及社会交往影响因素有关.%Objective To explore the prevalence of personality disorder and its influencing factors among university students and to provide evidence for early intervention. Methods Stratified random proportional sampling was used to select 1 745 students for the survey. Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4th vision (PDQ-4) and version 3.0 of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview of World Health Organization (WHO-CIDI-3.0) were applied with a self-administered questionnaire investigation and face-to-face standardized interview. Results The positive rate of personality disorder was 4. 58%. The influencing factors of personality disorder were family background, childhood environment, and degrees of social support in single factor analysis. Based on logistic analyses, risk factors for personality disorder were parents' bad psychologic status (odds ratio [ OR) = 3.165, P < 0.01), high frequency of conflict in the family (OR =5.232,P < 0.05 ) quarrel between parents(0/?=O. 049,P<0.05) .fathers' suicide history(0/J = 7.730,P<0.05),and bad internal self-eval-uation( OR = 3.094, P < 0.01). Conclusion Positive rate of personality disorder in university students is high. Family background

  12. The graduate entry generation: a qualitative study exploring the factors influencing the career expectations and aspirations of a graduating cohort of graduate entry dental students in one London institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Nairn HF

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dentistry in the UK has a number of new graduate-entry programmes. The aim of the study was to explore the motivation, career expectations and experiences of final year students who chose to pursue a dental career through the graduate entry programme route in one institution; and to explore if, and how, their intended career expectations and aspirations were informed by this choice. Method In-depth interviews of 14 graduate entry students in their final year of study. Data were transcribed verbatim and analysed using framework analysis. Results There were three categories of factors influencing students' choice to study dentistry through graduate entry: 'push', 'pull' and 'mediating'. Mediating factors related to students' personal concerns and circumstances, whereas push and pull factors related to features of their previous and future careers and wider social factors. Routes to Graduate Entry study comprised: 'early career changers', 'established career changers' and those pursuing 'routes to specialisation'. These routes also influenced the students' practice of dentistry, as students integrated skills in their dental studies, and encountered new challenges. Factors which students believed would influence their future careers included: vocational training; opportunities for specialisation or developing special interests and policy-related issues, together with wider professional and social concerns. The graduate entry programme was considered 'hard work' but a quick route to a professional career which had much to offer. Students' felt more could have been made of their pre-dental studies and/or experience during the programme. Factors perceived as influencing students' future contribution to dentistry included personal and social influences. Overall there was strong support for the values of the NHS and 'giving back' to the system in their future career. Conclusion Graduate entry students appear to be motivated to enter

  13. The graduate entry generation: a qualitative study exploring the factors influencing the career expectations and aspirations of a graduating cohort of graduate entry dental students in one London institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newton, Paul; Cabot, Lyndon; Wilson, Nairn H F; Gallagher, Jennifer E

    2011-09-24

    Dentistry in the UK has a number of new graduate-entry programmes. The aim of the study was to explore the motivation, career expectations and experiences of final year students who chose to pursue a dental career through the graduate entry programme route in one institution; and to explore if, and how, their intended career expectations and aspirations were informed by this choice. In-depth interviews of 14 graduate entry students in their final year of study. Data were transcribed verbatim and analysed using framework analysis. There were three categories of factors influencing students' choice to study dentistry through graduate entry: 'push', 'pull' and 'mediating'. Mediating factors related to students' personal concerns and circumstances, whereas push and pull factors related to features of their previous and future careers and wider social factors. Routes to Graduate Entry study comprised: 'early career changers', 'established career changers' and those pursuing 'routes to specialisation'. These routes also influenced the students' practice of dentistry, as students integrated skills in their dental studies, and encountered new challenges.Factors which students believed would influence their future careers included: vocational training; opportunities for specialisation or developing special interests and policy-related issues, together with wider professional and social concerns.The graduate entry programme was considered 'hard work' but a quick route to a professional career which had much to offer. Students' felt more could have been made of their pre-dental studies and/or experience during the programme. Factors perceived as influencing students' future contribution to dentistry included personal and social influences. Overall there was strong support for the values of the NHS and 'giving back' to the system in their future career. Graduate entry students appear to be motivated to enter dentistry by a range of factors which suit their preferences and

  14. The graduate entry generation: a qualitative study exploring the factors influencing the career expectations and aspirations of a graduating cohort of graduate entry dental students in one London institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Dentistry in the UK has a number of new graduate-entry programmes. The aim of the study was to explore the motivation, career expectations and experiences of final year students who chose to pursue a dental career through the graduate entry programme route in one institution; and to explore if, and how, their intended career expectations and aspirations were informed by this choice. Method In-depth interviews of 14 graduate entry students in their final year of study. Data were transcribed verbatim and analysed using framework analysis. Results There were three categories of factors influencing students' choice to study dentistry through graduate entry: 'push', 'pull' and 'mediating'. Mediating factors related to students' personal concerns and circumstances, whereas push and pull factors related to features of their previous and future careers and wider social factors. Routes to Graduate Entry study comprised: 'early career changers', 'established career changers' and those pursuing 'routes to specialisation'. These routes also influenced the students' practice of dentistry, as students integrated skills in their dental studies, and encountered new challenges. Factors which students believed would influence their future careers included: vocational training; opportunities for specialisation or developing special interests and policy-related issues, together with wider professional and social concerns. The graduate entry programme was considered 'hard work' but a quick route to a professional career which had much to offer. Students' felt more could have been made of their pre-dental studies and/or experience during the programme. Factors perceived as influencing students' future contribution to dentistry included personal and social influences. Overall there was strong support for the values of the NHS and 'giving back' to the system in their future career. Conclusion Graduate entry students appear to be motivated to enter dentistry by a range of

  15. Model of International Student Persistence: Factors Influencing Retention of International Undergraduate Students at Two Public Statewide Four-Year University Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwai, Chee Khei

    2010-01-01

    The current global economy has created a new middle class around the world, making higher education more accessible to a wider population. The increasing diversity in U.S. higher education is not only the result of minority American students, but also due to the increasing enrollment of international students. This study examined the factors…

  16. 医学生手机依赖现状及影响因素%Mobile Phone Dependence and Its Influence Factors in Medical College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 张静平; 闫国伟

    2016-01-01

    目的:了解医学生手机依赖的现状及影响因素。方法:采用中文版手机依赖指数(MPAI)量表、UCLA孤独量表、青少年社会支持量表、简易应对方式问卷对696名医学生进行问卷调查。结果:医学生 MPAI 平均得分为(42.82±11.30),显著高于一般大学生(t =14.664,P <0.001)。得分位于前6位的是:使用手机的时间比预期长、因使用手机而占用睡眠时间、失落时用手机来缓解失落的情绪、孤独时用手机与人交流、被告知使用手机花费太多时间、感到被孤立时用手机与人交流。多元回归分析显示,每天使用时间(t =9.632,P <0.001)、生源地(t =2.092, P <0.05)、UCLA 总分(t =7.636,P <0.001)、消极应对方式(t =7.742,P <0.001)对医学生的手机依赖得分有统计学意义,总的决定系数(R2)为0.258,复相关系数(R)为0.513。结论:医学生的手机依赖状况严重,影响因素有每天使用时间、生源地、孤独感、消极应对方式。%Objective :To explore the status of mobile phone dependence and its influence factors in medical college students .Methods :Totally 696 medical college students were chosen .They were assessed with the Mobile Phone Ad‐diction Index Scale(MPAI) ,UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA ) ,Adolescent Social Support Scale and Simple Coping Style Questionnaire .Results :The average M PAI score of medical college students was (42 .82 ± 11 .30) .The six items with top scores were :Mobile phone use time was longer than expected ,takes sleeping time because of the use of mo‐bile phone ,to ease the sense of loss with mobile phone ,communicate with people using mobile phone when one was alone ,be told spending too much time on mobile phone use ,communicate with others with mobile phone when one was feeling isolated .Significant factors in multivariate regression analysis were everyday use time

  17. The Influence of Gender, Parents and Background Factors on Grade 7 Students' Beliefs and Attitudes towards Mathematics in Mozambique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murimo, Adelino Evaristo

    2013-01-01

    The third study by the "Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Education Quality" (SACMEQ) revealed that achievement in mathematics among Grade 6 children in Mozambique is declining, and gender differences favouring boys persist. This study examined the contribution of parents, economic resources and cultural factors on…

  18. The Influence of Gender, Parents and Background Factors on Grade 7 Students' Beliefs and Attitudes towards Mathematics in Mozambique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murimo, Adelino Evaristo

    2013-01-01

    The third study by the "Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Education Quality" (SACMEQ) revealed that achievement in mathematics among Grade 6 children in Mozambique is declining, and gender differences favouring boys persist. This study examined the contribution of parents, economic resources and cultural factors on…

  19. 大学生性态度及其影响因素分析%Sexual Attitude of College Students and Its Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱小爽; 曾祥龙; 周瀚; 林丹华

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore the sexual attitude of college students and its influencing factors. Methods: 500 college students from ten universities in Beijing were administered a series of questionnaires. Results: Three ways interaction among gender, grades and sexual experience on the responsibility of sexual attitudes were significant; gender, sexual education before college and sexual knowledge could significantly predict self-oriented sex, and grades and sexual knowledge could significantly predict relation-oriented sex. Conclusion: The man student who had sexual experience in lower grades has the lowest responsibility. And the effect of sexual education in college was worse than before college.%目的:探讨大学生性态度的特点及其影响因素.方法:对北京市十所大学的500名大学生进行问卷调查.结果:大学生性态度中的性责任性存在性别、年级、性经验的交互作用;性别、大学前性教育、性知识对自我中心取向的性态度有预测作用,而年级、性知识对关系取向的性态度有预测作用.结论:低年级有性经验的男生性责任感最低,大学期间性教育的效果不如大学前性教育.

  20. Factors Influencing Healthcare Service Quality

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Mohammad Mosadeghrad

    2014-01-01

    Background The main purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence healthcare quality in the Iranian context. Methods Exploratory in-depth individual and focus group interviews were conducted with 222 healthcare stakeholders including healthcare providers, managers, policy-makers, and payers to identify factors affecting the quality of healthcare services provided in Iranian healthcare organisations. Results Quality in healthcare is a production o...

  1. 临床实习护生心理韧性及其影响因素%The Level and Influencing Factors of Resilience among Nursing Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范晓英; 于珊; 郭淑娟; 靳文娥; 马玉荣

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解临床实习护生心理韧性的现状,探讨其心理韧性的主要影响因素。方法:采用青少年心理韧性量表、一般自我效能感量表、焦虑自评量表、抑郁自评量表对355名临床实习护生进行调查。结果:实习护生心理韧性总分为(95.11±7.86)分,5个维度得分从高到低为目标专注、家庭支持、人际协助、积极认知和情绪控制。 t检验显示,实习护生在目标关注、人际协助得分高于常模(t=4.853,11.822;P<0.001),在情绪控制、积极认知得分低于常模(t=-4.348,-14.730;P<0.001),在家庭支持得分、心理韧性总分与常模差异无统计学意义;相关及回归分析显示,自我效能、抑郁、焦虑、家庭所在地、是否独生、是否学生干部、学历是实习护生心理韧性的主要影响因素(F=24.221,P<0.05)。结论:临床实习护生心理韧性总体水平接近常模,且受多种因素影响。%Objective:To know the status of resilience of nursing students during clinical practice and find the main influencing factors of resilience .Methods:Totally 355 nursing students were investigated by Resilience Scale of Youths,General Self -Efficacy Scale,Self -Rating Anxiety Scale and Self -Rating Depression Scale.Results:The aggregate score of resilience was 95.11 ±7.86,the score of five dimen-sions from high to low were goal planning,family support,interpersonal assist,positive thinking and emo-tional control.T-test showed that the scores of goal planning (t=4.853,P=0.000) and interpersonal assist(t=11.822,P=0.000) in nursing group were higher than the norm (P<0.05);While the scores of positive thinking(t=-14.730,P=0.000)and emotional control(t=-4.348,P=0.000) in nursing group were lower than the norm(P<0.05).There was no significant difference between nursing students and norm in family support and aggregate score of resilience .Correlation analysis and

  2. Student Research Projects Inhibiting Factors from the Students Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laila Nikrooz

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objective: Identifying the research barriers and assess the ability of students to use the university services and facilities is crucial to promote research activities. Present study was carried out to determine the inhibiting factors influencing the student's research projects from the view point of Yasuj University of Medical Sciences students in 2008. Materials & Methods: In this cross sectional study 96 students of Yasuj Medical University were selected by stratified random sampling. The data were collected by validate & reliable questionnaire, containing demographic information, inhibiting factors related to students (personal and organization. The data were analyzed by SPSS software. Results: The mean scores against the personal barriers and the organizational barriers questions were 43.23±12.96 and 62.58±12.08 respectively. There was a significant difference between personal and organizational barriers (P<0.001 and personal barriers were more important. According to the results, the student's inadequate skills & knowledge of research methodology and lack of awareness of research topics were the most prevalent personal barriers. The most prevalent organizational barriers were unavailability of research consulters, inadequate research skills of consulter, insufficient facilities & equipment and lack of motivating staff & faculties. Other variables such as gender, subject of study and research experience are mentioned in the full text. Conclusion: This study showed that the personal barriers were more important than organizational barriers which interfere with the student's research projects. This can be corrected and controlled by teachers, faculty members, university officials and students, themselves.

  3. Unmarried sexual behavior and the influencing factors among college students%大学生非婚性行为及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向晋辉

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解大学生非婚性行为的发生情况及影响因素,为制定干预措施提供参考.方法 通过网络聊天群随机抽取426名在校大学生,采用自编问卷对大学生非婚性行为发生情况及相关可能影响因素进行匿名调查.结果 大学生非婚性行为的发生率为27.5%,其中男生为28.6%,女生为26.2%,差异无统计学意义(x2=0.310,P=0.578).大学生非婚性行为发生率在不同性生理成熟年龄、认识性行为途径、朋辈状况上的差异均有统计学意义(x2值分别为7.005,9.318,68.380,P值均<0.05),在不同家庭结构、家庭教养方式和学校类型上的差异均无统计学意义(x2值分别为0.378,0.963,2.745,P值均>0.05).结论 性生理成熟年龄、认识性行为途径及朋辈中发生非婚性行为的比例对大学生非婚性行为的发生率有显著影响.大学生性教育应从家庭、学校和全社会多个层面进行.%Objective To investigate the status of college students' unmarried sexual behavior, so as to provide reference for counter measure. Methods A total of 426 college students from a random selection of network chat groups accepted an anonymous survey. Results About 27. 5% of the students had unmarried sexual behavior, 28. 6% for males and 26. 2% for females(x2 = 0. 310,P=0. 578). There were significant differences of the percentage among the students with different sexual maturity stage (x2=7.005,P=0.030)or way of knowing sexual behavior(x2 =9. 318,P = 0. 025 ) or peer friends' influence(x2 =68. 380,P< 0.01), and no significant differences among the students with different family structure(x2 =0. 378,P = 0. 828 ) or parenting style (x2=0.963,P=0.618) or from different schools(x2 = 2.745, P = 0.254). Conclusion The condition of sexual maturity, the way of knowing sexual behavior and peer friends' influence are the influential factors of students' unmarried sexual behavior.

  4. Factors influencing choice of paediatrics as a career among medical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    female students (30%) considered gender distribution to be a factor influencing their career choice (p=0.046). ... role models in the specialty, job opportunities and financial .... of non-responder bias, although the relatively high response.

  5. THE VALUES OF THE ROMANIAN AND ESTONIAN STUDENTS AND THE EDUCATIONAL FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE CONSTRUCT OF THEIR VALUES – PARENTS’ AND TEACHERS’ VALUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Mioara Peterfi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The identification of the values portrait of the students from Estonia and Romania and the analysis of the educational factors that influence the forming of the pupils’ values, their parents and teachers personal values hierarchy and what they consider as being important for their children’ values education. Methodology – Participants of this study are represented by pupils from Romanian and Estonian gymnasiums and high schools (12 – 19 years old, their teachers and parents. The main method used is the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ; Schwartz et al, 2001, 2003, that was designed to measure ten theory-based value orientations: power, achievement, hedonism, stimulation, self-direction, universalism, benevolence, tradition, conformity, security. Findings – Individual values outcomes were analyzed using statistical methods. The main results are the means values profiles separately for students, parents and teachers samples from Estonia and Romania. The significant statistical differences of this study’s findings were identified using the paired samples t test. Research limitations/implications – The participants’ samples are not national representative. It would be desirable to use specific statistical methods for the identification of more correlations and implications of other variable registered in the collected data such as age, gender, adult marital status and education. Practical implications – It is suggested that the results of this research would be useful for the development of new formal and informal educational strategies, addressed to all educational actors. Applicative results of the study will be disseminated to the school psychologists and teachers from Romania, Estonia and other countries. Originality/Value – The comparison study have a substantial number of participants from two different countries aged between 12 and 67 years and with different social statuses: students, parents and teachers

  6. Analysis on influencing factors of quit smoking among undergraduate students in Guangzhou City%广州市大学生戒烟影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙爱; 许信红; 陈建伟; 何子健

    2013-01-01

    目的了解广州市大学生戒烟情况及影响因素。方法采用分层随机整群抽样的方法,于2012年5月对广州市6所大学1~4年级学生进行问卷调查,采用多因素非条件 Logistic 回归分析戒烟的影响因素。结果共调查11593人,戒烟人数360,戒烟率33.77%;女性戒烟率(43.24%)高于男性(32.24%);家庭平均月收入、学生月生活费及父亲文化程度越高,学生戒烟率越低;城职户籍学生戒烟率低于农村户籍;多因素 Logistic 回归分析结果显示戒烟的影响因素为:性别(OR =0.362,95% CI:0.240~0.547)、学校(OR 医学类与理工类=5.275,95% CI:2.872~9.689)、月生活费(OR <500与≥2000=7.115,95% CI:2.538~19.945)、户籍所在地(OR 本省外市 VS 本市=1.597,95% CI:1.044~2.442)、吸烟知识(OR =1.407,95% CI:1.047~1.891)、压力(OR 无与中、重=0.503,95%CI:0.278~0.912)。结论吸烟大学生戒烟与否受多种客观因素的影响,需要社会、学校和家长联合对大学生开展控烟宣传教育以及加强管理工作,促使吸烟学生尽早改变吸烟行为。%Objective To describe the quit smoking status and influence factors among undergraduate students in Guangzhou City.Methods A survey on tobacco use was carried out in six universities of Guangzhou in May 2012,and stratified random cluster sampling method was used.Multivariable logistic regressions were conduct to explore the influence factors of quit smoking.Results A total of 11 593 students were investigated,and the prevalence rate of quit smoking was 33.77% (360 in 11 593).The quit smoking rate was higher in female (43.24%)than those in male (32.24%).The monthly incoming of family,living expenses per month in school and father’s education level were negative related to quit smoking.The quit smoking rate of undergraduate who come from town was lower than those come from

  7. 大学生创新思维能力形成影响因素的实证分析%Empirical Analysis on Influence Factor of College Student's Innovative Thinking Ability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李存金; 闫永晶; 杨青

    2013-01-01

    构建了大学生创新思维能力形成影响因素分析模型.在此基础上,设计调查问卷,利用调查数据对影响大学生创新思维能力形成的因素及其与大学生创新思维能力的相关性进行实证分析.实证分析结果表明:大学生创新思维能力仍较低;大学生自身维度因素对其创新思维能力的影响较大,说明大学生创新思维能力的形成是一个长期积累的过程;教育体系维度因素对大学生创新思维能力有一定影响;家庭培养维度因素、社会创新环境维度因素的影响较弱.%This paper constructs a analysis model of influencing factors of college students innovative thinking ability. On the basis of this model, it designs the questionnaire and uses the survey data to analyze empirically the influence factors of college student's innovative thinking ability and the correlations between these influence factors and the ability. The empirical analysis results show as follows: college student's innovative thinking ability is lowers the dimension factor of college student self has relatively larger influences on innovative thinking ability, which shows the forming of college student's innovative thinking ability is a long-term accumulation processjthe dimension factor of education system has a certain effect on college students innovative thinking ability!the effects of the dimension factors of family culture and social innovation environment are weak.

  8. Factors influencing pacing in triathlon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Sam Sx; Peiffer, Jeremiah J; Brisswalter, Jeanick; Nosaka, Kazunori; Abbiss, Chris R

    2014-01-01

    Triathlon is a multisport event consisting of sequential swim, cycle, and run disciplines performed over a variety of distances. This complex and unique sport requires athletes to appropriately distribute their speed or energy expenditure (ie, pacing) within each discipline as well as over the entire event. As with most physical activity, the regulation of pacing in triathlon may be influenced by a multitude of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The majority of current research focuses mainly on the Olympic distance, whilst much less literature is available on other triathlon distances such as the sprint, half-Ironman, and Ironman distances. Furthermore, little is understood regarding the specific physiological, environmental, and interdisciplinary effects on pacing. Therefore, this article discusses the pacing strategies observed in triathlon across different distances, and elucidates the possible factors influencing pacing within the three specific disciplines of a triathlon.

  9. 女大学生婚前性行为的影响因素%Research on influencing factors to premarital sexual behavior of female students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨婉秋; 张河川

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To study the influencing factors to premarital sex of female students and to provide evidence for their sex education and reproductive health. Methods: An anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted among 840 female students who collected at random form 6 universities in Yunnan. Results: ①Among the students surveyed, 5. 1% students had unwanted pregrant, 16. 2% students had sex behavior but hadn't pregrant and 78. 7% students hadn't sex behavior. ②The correct rate of sexual knowledge, the sexual behavior group remarkable higher than the no - sexual behavior group ( P = 0. 000 ~ 0. 002); In sexual tolerance, the sexual behavior group remarkable higher than no - sexual behavior group ( P = 0. 000 ); In sexual attitude about effect of premarital sex to health and future family, the sexual behavior group remarkable lower than no - sexual behavior group ( P = 0. 028/P = 0. 000 ); About of the standpoint of reproductive health that female is emphasis and male is participation activity'. the sexual behavior group remarkable lower than the no - sexual behavior group ( P = 0. 000) . ③Logistic showed that grade, knowledge of contraception, effect of premarital sex to future family and sexual tolerance were risk factors to premarital sex Conclusion: Sex attitude is important factor of premarital sex of female students. Traditional virginity value still play an impact role in the sex behavior. The education of sex moral would play an important role in our intervention of sex health and reproductive health.%目的:探讨影响女大学生婚前性行为的因素,为女大学生性健康/生殖健康干预提供有参考价值的客观数据.方法:采用自编问卷调查法,整群随机抽取云南省6所高校的840名18~25岁的女大学生为调查对象.结果:①5.1%的女大学生承认有非意愿妊娠行为,16.2%承认有性经历但无妊娠行为,78.7%报告无性经历.②在性知识掌握的正确率方面,有性经历组(未

  10. Factors Influencing Healthcare Service Quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mohammad Mosadeghrad

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background The main purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence healthcare quality in the Iranian context. Methods Exploratory in-depth individual and focus group interviews were conducted with 222 healthcare stakeholders including healthcare providers, managers, policy-makers, and payers to identify factors affecting the quality of healthcare services provided in Iranian healthcare organisations. Results Quality in healthcare is a production of cooperation between the patient and the healthcare provider in a supportive environment. Personal factors of the provider and the patient, and factors pertaining to the healthcare organisation, healthcare system, and the broader environment affect healthcare service quality. Healthcare quality can be improved by supportive visionary leadership, proper planning, education and training, availability of resources, effective management of resources, employees and processes, and collaboration and cooperation among providers. Conclusion This article contributes to healthcare theory and practice by developing a conceptual framework that provides policy-makers and managers a practical understanding of factors that affect healthcare service quality.

  11. A study of factors influencing advanced puberty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Jun Park

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the timing of puberty and the factors inducing advanced puberty in elemental school students of low grades. Methods : The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd grade elemental students from the Goyang province were randomly selected, and their sexual maturation rate was assessed by physical examination. After obtaining an informed consent, a questionnaire was administered to the parents; eating habits, lifestyle, use of growth-inducing medication, and present illness of the students were evaluated to determine the factors that induced advanced puberty. The data were statistically analyzed. Results : We selected 170 children and the girls:boys sex ratio was 1.2:1. Two 9-year-old boys were in genital stage 2. Two (14.3% 6-year-old girls, 6 (19.4% 7-year-old girls, 15 (39.6% 8-year-old girls, and 4 (57.1% 9-year-old girls were in breast stage 2. The average pubertal timing predicted for girls was 9.11¡?#?.86; years. The main factors influencing pubertal timing were obesity scale, frequency of eating fast food, and the use of growth-inducing medication. A high rating on the obesity scale and high frequency of eating fast food indicated advanced stage of puberty. Growth-inducing medication induced puberty through obesity. Conclusion : We proposed that predictive average pubertal timing in girls was 9.11¡?#?.86; years, which was consistent with the previously reported findings from abroad. The significant influencing factors in advanced puberty were obesity scale and frequency of fast food.

  12. Factors that Influence Participation of Students in Secondary Science and Mathematics Subjects in IB Schools Outside of the United States and Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straffon, Elizabeth

    The purpose of this study was to investigate factors that affect the extent of international secondary students' participation in International Baccalaureate science and mathematics courses. The factors examined were gender, home region, size, percent host culture and age of the program, and coeducational and legal status of the school. Participation in math and science subjects was determined by analyzing the level and number of courses taken by students taking International Baccalaureate exams in 2010. Chi-Square and Cramer's V analysis were used to measure the effect of categorical variables on student participation and One-Way ANOVA and Bonferroni comparison of means were used to analyze the quantitative variables. All categorical variables were statistically significant (pGPA), and the importance of significant others in career and academic decisions. Findings indicate that performance on the PSAT- Math was the most important predictor of both science and mathematics participation. Twenty students were also interviewed. Results showed the importance of several key factors. These include the role of parents in student academic and career decisions, the importance of personal interest, and the contribution of early decisions in confidence-building.

  13. Subjective well-being and influencing factors among middle school students%中学生主观幸福感及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡芳; 马迎华; 庄丽丽; 吕晓静; 李融

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the subjective well-being ( SWB ) of middle school students in a city of Jiangxi Province, and to provide scientific evidence for the possible influencing factors. Methods A total of 2 232 students in two junior high schools and a senior high school in Jiangxi province were sampled by stratified cluster sampling, 103 students from 18 villages were sampled by households survey. They were investigated by Subjective Well-Being Scale for Adolescents. Results The overall SWB of middle school students was in the middle level. In the perspective of all the dimensions of SWB, they had lowast academic satisfaction. Gender and whether they live in the dormitory affected most dimensions of SWB, and showed different directions; single children had higher scores in half of dimensions than non-single children. Family residence affected friendship satisfaction, family satisfaction, school satisfaction and environment satisfaction; Family structure affected friendship satisfaction, family satisfaction,school satisfaction, life satisfaction, positive emotion and overall SWB; common children had higher scores in environment satisfaction and lower negative emotion than left-behind children; social economic status affected friendship satisfaction and academic satisfaction. For junior high school students, positive emotion, life satisfaction and overall SWB decreased gradually with grade. For senior high school students, it was opposite.Students in Grade 2 and Grade 5 had lowest negative emotion. Positive emotion, life satisfaction and overall SWB increased gradually with academic,while negative emotion decreased gradually. Conclusion The overall SWB of middle school students is in the middle level, but needs to be improved. Different interventions should be taken according to their characters.%目的 了解中学生主观幸福感及其影响因素,为提出相应的干预策略提供科学依据.方法 分层整群抽取江西省某市2所初中、1

  14. 中学生积极情绪状况及其影响因素研究%Students' Positive Emotional State and its Influencing Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜红梅; 黎慧

    2014-01-01

    目的:调查中学生积极情绪的现状,探究性别因素、家庭因素、学习成绩以及文化程度对中学生积极情绪的影响。方法:采用积极消极情感问卷(中学生)对四川乐山两所中学的550名在校中学生进行抽样调查。结果:男生比女生积极情绪体验要多一些;父母离异的中学生其积极情绪体验显著低于家庭完整的中学生;学习成绩越好的中学生积极情绪体验会更多;初中生的积极情绪体验显著高于高中。结论:中学生积极情绪现状总体乐观,而中学生的性别差异、家庭因素、学习成绩以及文化程度均对中学生积极情绪有影响。%Objective. To investigate the status of positive emotions high school students, to explore gender factors, family factors, academic performance and the impact of education on positive emotions high school students. Methods positive negative emotions questionnaire (Students) Sichuan Leshan two secondary school students in 550 sample survey. Results of boys than girls to be more positive emotional experience;Students whose parents divorced positive emotional experience sig-nificantly lower than the family complete high school students;better academic performance of high school students will be more positive emotional experience;positive emotional experience is significantly higher than junior high school . Students' generally positive mood optimistic conclusions status quo, and gender differences in high school students, family factors, aca-demic and cultural level of the positive emotions were high school students affected.

  15. Factors influencing pacing in triathlon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu SSX

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Sam SX Wu,1 Jeremiah J Peiffer,2 Jeanick Brisswalter,3 Kazunori Nosaka,1 Chris R Abbiss1 1Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research, School of Exercise and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, WA, Australia; 2School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, Australia; 3Laboratory of Human Motricity, Education Sport and Health, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France Abstract: Triathlon is a multisport event consisting of sequential swim, cycle, and run disciplines performed over a variety of distances. This complex and unique sport requires athletes to appropriately distribute their speed or energy expenditure (ie, pacing within each discipline as well as over the entire event. As with most physical activity, the regulation of pacing in triathlon may be influenced by a multitude of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The majority of current research focuses mainly on the Olympic distance, whilst much less literature is available on other triathlon distances such as the sprint, half-Ironman, and Ironman distances. Furthermore, little is understood regarding the specific physiological, environmental, and interdisciplinary effects on pacing. Therefore, this article discusses the pacing strategies observed in triathlon across different distances, and elucidates the possible factors influencing pacing within the three specific disciplines of a triathlon. Keywords: cycle, endurance, multisport, pacing strategy, run, swim

  16. University Student Physique Health Influence Factor Analysis and Its Application%大学生体质健康的影响因子分析及应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永存

    2012-01-01

    Overall,comprehensive evaluation of students' physical health,must influence the students' health factors of scientific analysis.This paper uses factor analysis of health factors of structural equation model,Evaluate the influence physical health of students of various complicated relations and the influence of physical health factors of the direct and indirect effect.The results show that,Structural equation model of index of each coefficient in and validation factor on physical and mental health of students,On students is greatly influenced by the single index for maximal oxygen uptake,grip strength,endurance,body fat rate.Conclusion: Student physical health is affected by many factors,Only a variety of factors will combine,In order to effectively prevent the students' physical quality and athletic ability reduce decrease,Better carry out the concept of preventive treatment of disease.%全面、综合评价大学生体质健康状况,必须对影响学生健康因素进行科学分析。采用因子结构方程模型进行健康因素分析,考查影响学生体质健康的各种因素的复杂关系以及各个影响体质健康因素的直接和间接作用。结果表明,结构方程模型的指标中各项系数及验证因子对学生身心健康均有统计学意义,对学生影响较大的单项指标为最大摄氧量、握力、耐力、体脂率等。结论:学生体质健康受到多种因素的共同作用,只有将各种因素有机结合起来,才能有效预防学生身体素质的下降和运动能力的降低,更好贯彻治"未病"的理念。

  17. Factors influencing women's decisions to purchase specific ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Keywords: multi-nutrient supplements; survey; children; women's decisions. Factors influencing .... associations between level of education and various factors influencing women's ..... Social marketing improved the use of multivitamin and ...

  18. Factors Influencing Learner Permit Duration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnathon P. Ehsani

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available An increasing number of countries are requiring an extended learner permit prior to independent driving. The question of when drivers begin the learner permit period, and how long they hold the permit before advancing to independent licensure has received little research attention. Licensure timing is likely to be related to “push” and “pull” factors which may encourage or inhibit the process. To examine this question, we recruited a sample of 90 novice drivers (49 females and 41 males, average age of 15.6 years soon after they obtained a learner permit and instrumented their vehicles to collect a range of driving data. Participants completed a series of surveys at recruitment related to factors that may influence licensure timing. Two distinct findings emerged from the time-to-event analysis that tested these push and pull factors in relation to licensure timing. The first can be conceptualized as teens’ motivation to drive (push, reflected in a younger age when obtaining a learner permit and extensive pre-permit driving experience. The second finding was teens’ perceptions of their parents’ knowledge of their activities (pull; a proxy for a parents’ attentiveness to their teens’ lives. Teens who reported higher levels of their parents’ knowledge of their activities took longer to advance to independent driving. These findings suggest time-to-licensure may be related to teens’ internal motivation to drive, and the ability of parents to facilitate or impede early licensure.

  19. 高校大学生创新能力影响因素的评价研究%Research on Evaluation of Influencing Factors of College Students' Innovation Capability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    A model on influencing factors of college students' in-novation capability was established, which included the target layer A, evaluation factors layer B and indicators of factors layer C. Based on this model, the expert questionnaire data was ana-lyzed by Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). The result showed that factors influenced college students' innovation capability fol-lowed by education system factors, personal factors, living envi-ronment factors and other factors. While the specific indicators influencing college students' innovation capability were teaching system, the school environment and the ability to think, whose Wi values followed by 0.2675, 0.1968 and 0.1252.%  建立了高校大学生创新能力影响因素结构模型,该模型包含三个层次:目标层 A、评价因素层 B 和指标因素层 C。基于该模型,利用层次分析法(AHP)对专家调查问卷进行数据整理分析。分析结果表明:影响大学生创新能力的评价层因素排序依次为教育制度因素、学生自身因素、生活环境因素和其他因素,影响大学生创新能力的指标层因素排序前三位的分别是教学体系、学校学习环境和思维能力,其Wi 值分别为0.2675、0.1968和0.1252。

  20. Factors influencing nursing career choices and choice of study program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haron, Yafa; Reicher, Sima; Riba, Shoshana

    2014-01-01

    In advance of a recruitment campaign, Israeli first-year nursing students of all ethnicities were surveyed to elucidate what factors had influenced them to make nursing their career and what sort of training track they preferred. The responses made it clear that different factors influence different groups differently. There were noticeable differences by gender, age, and ethnicity. Overall, training institutions were chosen for their closeness to the student's home but other factors also operated among particular groups, such as institutional prestige and flexible entry criteria. There was a blatant preference for academic, particularly university-sited, programs over diploma programs.

  1. A Discussion on Motivation Factor Influencing Second Language Acquisition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛芊芊

    2016-01-01

    Various characteristics can influence students'second language acquisition and language development, which in-cludes age, gender, personality, cognitive ability, motivation, learning strategies and so on. Among all these factors mentioned, motivation factor that is categorized into learner factors affects learner's learning effect to a great extent. In this paper, motiva-tion characteristic that influences second language learning are discussed. At last, some strategies on the real classroom teaching application are provided after the discussion, which aims at making contribution to the second language teaching process as well as students'language development.

  2. Survey of health literacy level and related influencing factors in military college students in Chongqing, China: A cross-sectional analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rong, Honghui; Cheng, Xin; Garcia, Jose M; Zhang, Ling; Lu, Lu; Fang, Jian; Le, Mingshan; Hu, Peng; Dong, Xinlu; Yang, Junli; Wang, Ya; Luo, Ting; Liu, Jun; Chen, Ji-An

    2017-01-01

    Health literacy (HL) has become an important public health issue and is receiving growing attention. However, the HL levels of military college students in China have never been analyzed. This study aimed to investigate the HL and related associate factors in military college students in Chongqing, China. Data was obtained with the "Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (2012 edition)" from 3183 military college students aged 16-28 years at Chongqing in December 2015. A total score of ≥80 points determined adequate HL, and HL level was defined as the proportion of students who had adequate HL out of the total number of participants. Multiple logistic regression analysis with a stepwise forward likelihood ratio (LR) method was used to determine the effects of sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and family-related factors on HL level. The mean score of HL was 68.56, and the HL level of military college students was 21.05%; the overall knowledge rate was 71.33%. The independent factors that were associated with HL level were years in college, educational system, time playing online games, annual household income and father's education level. Senior (odds ratio [OR] = 1.229, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.018∼1.484), undergraduate (OR = 1.509, 95% CI 1.151∼1.978), time played games more than 5 hours each week (OR = 0.638, 95% CI 0.486∼0.837), annual household incomes more than 50,000 yuan (OR = 1.231, 95% CI 1.027∼1.476) and father's education level (high school: OR = 2.327, 95% CI 1.186∼4.565; university: OR = 2.450, 95% CI 1.244∼4.825), were independently associated with higher HL level. HL levels of military college students in Chongqing need to be improved across the board. Our data suggests that special emphasis should be placed on students in junior and those in the specialist educational system. School departments may also benefit from incorporating health literacy into their curricula and helping students manage the

  3. Survey of health literacy level and related influencing factors in military college students in Chongqing, China: A cross-sectional analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rong, Honghui; Cheng, Xin; Garcia, Jose M.; Zhang, Ling; Lu, Lu; Fang, Jian; Le, Mingshan; Hu, Peng; Dong, Xinlu; Yang, Junli; Wang, Ya; Luo, Ting; Liu, Jun

    2017-01-01

    Health literacy (HL) has become an important public health issue and is receiving growing attention. However, the HL levels of military college students in China have never been analyzed. This study aimed to investigate the HL and related associate factors in military college students in Chongqing, China. Data was obtained with the “Chinese Citizen Health Literacy Questionnaire (2012 edition)” from 3183 military college students aged 16–28 years at Chongqing in December 2015. A total score of ≥80 points determined adequate HL, and HL level was defined as the proportion of students who had adequate HL out of the total number of participants. Multiple logistic regression analysis with a stepwise forward likelihood ratio (LR) method was used to determine the effects of sociodemographic characteristics, health-related behaviors, and family-related factors on HL level. The mean score of HL was 68.56, and the HL level of military college students was 21.05%; the overall knowledge rate was 71.33%. The independent factors that were associated with HL level were years in college, educational system, time playing online games, annual household income and father's education level. Senior (odds ratio [OR] = 1.229, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.018∼1.484), undergraduate (OR = 1.509, 95% CI 1.151∼1.978), time played games more than 5 hours each week (OR = 0.638, 95% CI 0.486∼0.837), annual household incomes more than 50,000 yuan (OR = 1.231, 95% CI 1.027∼1.476) and father's education level (high school: OR = 2.327, 95% CI 1.186∼4.565; university: OR = 2.450, 95% CI 1.244∼4.825), were independently associated with higher HL level. HL levels of military college students in Chongqing need to be improved across the board. Our data suggests that special emphasis should be placed on students in junior and those in the specialist educational system. School departments may also benefit from incorporating health literacy into their curricula and helping students

  4. Influence of Various Lifestyle and Psychosocial Factors on Sleep Disturbances among the College Students: A Cross-Sectional Study from an Urban Area of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yugantara R. Kadam

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sleep occupies nearly 1/3rd of our life and is essential for overall growth and stability. Sleep deprivation results weakening of physical functions, mental health problems like depression and lowering of productivity, thus resulting in loss to an individual and society. Aim and Objectives: Sleep is essential for physical and mental stability. Its deprivation lowers work productivity and results in mental problem like depression. Various lifestyle and psychosocial factors may have impact on the sleep. In the western countries the subject is amply explored; however studies on student from developing countries like India are limited. Our objective was to study the extent of sleep disturbance and associated factors among the graduating college students. Material and Methods: It is a cross-sectional study conducted in Arts, Commerce and Science graduating college students from an urban area. The sampling technique was cluster random sampling with the sample size of 890. A pretested, selfadministered questionnaire was used as a study tool. Statistical Analysis was done using percentages, chisquare test and bi-variate logistic regression. Results: The mean duration of sleep reported by the 900 study subjects was 7.3 hours (std. deviation 1 hour. Any sleep disturbance was reported by 826 (91.8% subjects; with day time sleepiness (77.5% and difficulty in falling asleep (65.4% being the commonest complaint. Sleep disturbance score was associated with exercise, outdoor games and tea / coffee intake. It was also associated with nocturnal use of mobiles and feeling depressed. Conclusion: Sleep disturbances were present in majority of college students with day time sleepiness as its commonest manifestation. Various lifestyle and psychosocial factors had impact on the sleep. Proper lifestyle modification and good family environment areimportant to avoid sleep disturbances among the college students.

  5. Self-esteem, Motivation, and Emotional Intelligence: Three Factors that influence the Successful Design of a Life Project of Middle-school Young Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Magdalena Lomelí-Parga

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research study is to depict the factors that allow young people to effectively carry out their life projects by planning short, mid, and long term goals. The population sample participating in this study was comprised of middle and high school students. This research was executed using mixed methods in order to identify the determining factors for young people who plan to have success in facing the daily life challenges, as well as today’s society demands, through a solid construction of their private vision of the future. The results of this project determine that the features which allow the conclusion of students’ life projects are closely related with a high self-esteem and motivation, as well as some emotional intelligence that allow students to visualize a successful personal and professional future.

  6. 中学生学习投入的个人和班级影响因素%The Influence of Personal Factors and Class Factors on Middle School Students'Learning Engagement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鉴

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the influence of personal factors and class factors on middle school students'learning engagement .Methods:Sample data was collected from 780 middle school students in Shenzhen via questionnaires of the middle school students'learning engagement and the class psychological environment .Statistical analysis was then conducted on the sample data using the SPSS 17 .0 Results:①There was no significant difference between genders according to analysis of the three di-mensions.There was a significant difference between genders in related to persistence factor according to analysis of the seven factors .Male student were more likely to be persistent than female student ( t =2.662,P<0.01).②There was a significant difference among grade levels according to analysis of the three dimensions(F=16.061,12.256,9.069;P <0.001).Learning engagement gradually decreased from the first grade of junior middle school to the second grade of senior high school .③There were highly significantly negative correlations between learning engagement and both learning weariness and internet addiction(r=-0.492,-0.340;P<0.001).④There was a highly significant correlation between the three dimensions and class psychological environment ( r =0.576,0.660,0.666;P <0.001).Conclusion:There are significantly negative correlations between learning engagement and both learning weariness and internet addiction;A better class psychological environment will help to improve learning engagement .%目的:考察学生个人因素和班级环境因素对中学生学习投入的影响。方法:采用中学生学习投入问卷和班级心理环境问卷,对深圳市780名中学生进行调查,运用SPSS 17.0对样本数据进行分析。结果:①对学习投入的性别差异进行比较,按投入三维度考察均无差异;按7因子考察,坚持性因子有极显著差异,男生比女生更有坚持性(t=2.662;P<0.01);②年级间学习投入三

  7. Social influence and student choice of higher education institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Krezel

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This conceptual paper discusses changes in higher education sector, growing competition as a result of new private education providers and the adoption of student-as-customer perspective in recruitment and marketing of higher education institutions. The paper reviews numerous models of student choice and identifies inconsistencies in the role of social factors in the student choice. These inconsistencies are of special importance in current higher education landscape and growing prominence of peer-to-peer communication via social media. Consequently, a thorough understanding of influences that effect student choice of higher education institution is imperative. This conceptual paper puts forward a conceptual framework that integrates Kelman’s processes of social influence and Cialdini-Goldstein’s goals that underpin the acceptance of that influence to examine the effects social context has on student choice of higher education institution.

  8. Factors Associated with Student Performance in Financial Accounting Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Uyar

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In order to investigate factors associated with student performance in accounting course, eight variables that are likely to have impact on student performance were determined. The results indicated that gender and score in university entrance examination are not significantly correlated with student performance. Age of the student has negative significant influence on student performance. High school grade point average, prior knowledge of accounting, grade point average, attendance, and math grade are all significantly related to student performance in the financial accounting course.

  9. FACTORS INFLUENCING THE EVOLUTION OF YOUTH TRAVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Student Claudia MOISĂ

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Youth travel is an important part of global tourism, consequently, getting to know the evolution of this form of tourism requires an approach of the aspects regarding the permissive and restrictive factors that influence the youth travel dynamic worldwide. In terms of the factors that influence youth travel, we highlighted these two categories of factors (permissive and restrictive and, within each category, we tried to singularize the influence of every factor over youth travel.

  10. Influence of Culture on Students' Awareness of How and Why They Learn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choy, Siew Chee; Sedhu, Daljeet Singh; Liew, Yow Lin; Lee, Mun Yee; Malenee, Audrey; Anuar, Norkhadirah

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The reason many Asian students find student-centred learning challenging may be due to cultural factors present in every human interaction between individuals. This study attempts to determine the influence of these cultural factors on students' awareness of how and why they learn. Method: A sample of 12 students enrolled in a two year…

  11. Neutralising fair credit: factors that influence unethical authorship practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trinkle, Brad S; Phillips, Trisha; Hall, Alicia; Moffatt, Barton

    2017-01-31

    This study experimentally tests whether the techniques of neutralisation as identified in the criminal justice literature influence graduate student willingness to engage in questionable research practices (QRPs). Our results indicate that US-born graduate students are more willing to add an undeserved coauthor if the person who requests it is a faculty member in the student's department as opposed to a fellow student. Students are most likely to add an undeserving author if a faculty member is also their advisor. In addition, four techniques of neutralisation, 'diffusion of responsibility', 'defence of necessity', 'advantageous comparison' and 'euphemistic labelling', are associated with student willingness to act unethically. Participants who had received responsible conduct of research training were no less likely to commit the violation than those who had not. Knowledge of these influencing factors for QRPs will provide for opportunities to improve research ethics education strategies and materials.

  12. Physiological factors influencing capillary growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egginton, S

    2011-07-01

    (1) Angiogenesis (growth of new capillaries from an existing capillary bed) may result from a mismatch in microvascular supply and metabolic demand (metabolic error signal). Krogh examined the distribution and number of capillaries to explore the correlation between O(2) delivery and O(2) consumption. Subsequently, the heterogeneity in angiogenic response within a muscle has been shown to reflect either differences in fibre type composition or mechanical load. However, local control leads to targetted angiogenesis in the vicinity of glycolytic fibre types following muscle stimulation, or oxidative fibres following endurance training, while heterogeneity of capillary spacing is maintained during ontogenetic growth. (2) Despite limited microscopy resolution and lack of specific markers, Krogh's interest in the structure of the capillary wall paved the way for understanding the mechanisms of capillary growth. Angiogenesis may be influenced by the response of perivascular or stromal cells (fibroblasts, macrophages and pericytes) to altered activity, likely acting as a source for chemical signals modulating capillary growth such as vascular endothelial growth factor. In addition, haemodynamic factors such as shear stress and muscle stretch play a significant role in adaptive remodelling of the microcirculation. (3) Most indices of capillarity are highly dependent on fibre size, resulting in possible bias because of scaling. To examine the consequences of capillary distribution, it is therefore helpful to quantify the area of tissue supplied by individual capillaries. This allows the spatial limitations inherent in most models of tissue oxygenation to be overcome generating an alternative approach to Krogh's tissue cylinder, the capillary domain, to improve descriptions of intracellular oxygen diffusion. © 2010 The Author. Acta Physiologica © 2010 Scandinavian Physiological Society.

  13. 影响高等师范院校女生体育锻炼因素的研究%Research on the Influence Factors of Sport Exercise for Female Students in College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙桂芳

    2001-01-01

    The factors that influence first year female students sport exercise in college include education, interest, emotion, behavior and social factor. These factors have directly influence on awaking the interest of sport exercise, intensifying the behavior of physical activity, promoting the effect of physical activity an d realizing the goal of physical activity.%影响大学一年级女生体育锻炼的因素包括教育、兴趣、情感、意识、行为及社会因素等,这些因素对女生体育锻炼兴趣的激发、健身行为的强化、健身效果的提高、身心健康目标的实现具有直接的影响。

  14. Factors Influencing Students’ Perceptions of Online Teamwork

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Falls

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The evolution of online teaching in higher education demands a change in the types of pedagogies used in those courses. An example of one of these important pedagogies includes online teamwork. Teamwork in this context is one in which the majority of the individual’s grade is dependent on the positive or negative group experiences. This study utilized the theoretical framework of social motivation and cohesion to identify the factors shaping students’ perceptions of teamwork in online college courses. In these courses, the pedagogical approach known as the Five Pillars of effective collaborative work was applied. An Online Teamwork Learning Survey was developed based on these principles and completed by 62 undergraduate students enrolled in semester-long online courses required in their early childhood education program of study. Using a comparison between pre–postsurveys and regression analysis, the results showed that although the students’ perceptions of teamwork did not significantly change, the factors influencing their responses during the posttest doubled in number. The results showed that through carefully designed virtual teamwork activities, students learned that essential team characteristics such as promotive interaction, individual accountability, and positive interdependence are an integral part of effective collaboration and strong predictors of teamwork perception.

  15. Exploration on Psychological Factors Influencing Students' Sports%对影响学生的体育运动心理原因的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈抗

    2014-01-01

    Through analyzing and summarizing students' psycho-logical conditions in sports, and the factors leading to the condi-tions, this paper summarizes how students can adjust their emo-tions and psychologies in sports, in order to benefit their physical and psychological development.%通过对学生体育运动时的心理状况,对学生产生这些心理的因素进行分析和总结,总结出学生在运动中应该怎样调节自己的情绪和心理,从而有利于其身心发展。

  16. Influencing factors of suicidal ideation among rural middle school students%农村中学生自杀意念及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵福泉

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the self-reported rate of suicidal ideation among rural middle school students in Feidong, Anhui Province. Methods Students were chosen by cluster sampling method from two middle schools, from grade 7 to grade 12. Twelve classes were selected in each grade. All students implemented questionnaire survey collecting information on family environment, teacher-student relationship, coping style,and self-esteem. Results Overall suicidal ideation report rate was 20.7% , with female (25.3% ) higher than male ( 18.2% ) (x2 = 27. 541, P =0.000). Report rate of suicidal ideation in students from junior high school ( 17.8% ) was significantly higher than that of students from senior students (24.2%) (x2 =38.618, P=0.000). Marital status of parents had significant effect on adolescents' suicidal ideation(x2 = 16.034,P=0. 007 ). The multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed being female, higher grades, poor family environment, low self-esteem and negative coping style were risk factors for suicidal ideation, and favorable teacher-student relationship, positive coping style was the protective factors of suicidal ideation. Conclusion These findings indicate a need for screening of suicidal ideation among rural area students particularly female and those with poor marital status of parents. Future research should focus on the mechanisms linking family factors and suicidal ideation.%目的 了解肥东县某农村地区中学生自杀意念发生情况及其影响因素,为中学生自杀预防和干预工作提供参考.方法 采用整群抽样方法,选择肥东县某农村地区的2所中学,对初一至高三年级分别随机抽取12个班级.采用家庭环境量表、师生关系量表、应对方式量表和自尊量表等进行同卷调查.结果 中学生总体自杀意念报告率为20.7%.女生为25.3%,男生为18.2%,差异有统计学意义(x2=27.541,P=0.000);初中生自杀意念报告率为17.8%,高中生为24.2%,

  17. Expecting success: Factors influencing ninth graders' science self-efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donahue, Elizabeth

    What factors influence ninth grade students' expectations for success in science? Using social cognitive theory and bioecological systems theory as theoretical frameworks, this dissertation employs data from the High School Longitudinal Study of 2009 (HSLS:09) to examine the relative impact of teacher practices and their perceived attitudes on students' science self-efficacy. Further, as they relate to this broader issue, the relative impact of student subjective task value and teacher characteristics is also investigated. It has been well documented that U.S. students are not achieving at satisfactory levels in science. Education policy has focused on improving science teacher quality as one way to address this problem. Teacher effectiveness has been primarily measured by student achievement on standardized tests. However, not enough attention has been given to the social cognitive factors that can lead to increased achievement and persistence in science as well as how teachers may influence these factors. This study interrogates the relationship between student and teacher variables and the social cognitive construct of self-efficacy, which has proven to have a significant impact on student achievement and persistence in science. Findings add to the current literature surrounding ways that educators may increase student performance in science by employing policies and practices that benefit the development of student science self-efficacy.

  18. Status and influencing factors of nursing students' professional identification during clinical practice%临床实习护生职业认同现状调查及其影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙焕芹; 李国英; 平春霞

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of nursing students'professional identification during clinical practice,and to analyze the influencing factors.Methods Ninety-eight nursing students during clinical practice were investigated with the general information questionnaire and the professional identification questionnaire.Results The total score of professional identification was 23~34 (28.45±5.44).The application choice was the influencing factor.Conclusion The professional identification of nursing students differs according to the personal characters,nursing administrators should provide career guidance according to the students'characters.%目的 调查临床实习护生的职业认同现状,并分析其影响因素.方法 采用实习护生一般资料调查表和职业认同感问卷对98名实习护生进行调查.结果 实习护生职业认同感得分为23~34(28.45±5.44)分.职业认同感的影响因素为报考志愿.结论 不同特征的实习护生职业认同感不同,护理管理者应根据实习护生的自身特点对其进行针对性的职业引导.

  19. 大学生学习投入影响因素的实证层次分析%The Empirical Analytic Hierarchy Analysis to the Influencing Factors of Learning Engagement of Hunan University of Technology ’s Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江力

    2016-01-01

    At first, based on the analytic hierarchy process(AHP), the paper made quantitative and qualitative analysis to the factors of influencing college students' learning engagement;Then,made five questionnaires on the basis of the structure of the hierarchical model, and carryed out ques⁃tionnaire survey in some of the students of Hunan university of technology randomly,. analyzed the survey data by the analytic hierarchy model, the results of the empirical analysis verified the reliability of the conclusion of the model,i.e. the need for cognition, the relationship between teachers and students and learning motivation are the key factors that influence college students ’learning engagement.%首先运用层次分析模型对影响大学生学习投入的因素进行定量和定性分析;然后根据模型的结构层次编制5个问卷调查表,并随机地在湖南工业大学的部分学生中进行问卷调查。对调查数据进行层次分析,实证分析的结果验证了模型结论的可靠性,即认知需要、师生关系、学习动机是影响大学生学习投入的关键因素。

  20. Factors influencing presence in virtual worlds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Meyrick C M

    2012-01-01

    Virtual worlds are showing potential as an effective platform for a variety of activities, including learning. The concept of presence (the sensation of "being there" in a mediated environment) has received substantial attention from the virtual reality community, and the effectiveness of virtual worlds has often been linked to the feelings of presence reported by their users. The present study examined the effects of attitude and perceived ease of use on sense of presence in Second Life, which is one of the most known and used virtual worlds. Based on data from a survey of 206 nursing students, hypotheses are empirically tested. Findings suggest that users' attitude toward using Second Life and their perceived ease of use of it have a positive effect on their sense of presence in the virtual environment. This study advances our understanding of factors influencing presence in virtual worlds.

  1. 多元化背景下大学生价值观教育影响因素及对策研究%The Influence Factors and Countermeasures Study of College Students' Values Education Under The Background of Diversification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    In order to explore the influence factors of college students' values education under the background of diversification, this paper takes socialist commodity economy, external thought of opening up, the historical reason, ideological education and public opinion guidance, the economic structure change, the influence of the Internet, ideological education mistakes and social corruption as the independent variable influence factors, and the university student's values education influence as dependent variable to do SPSS statistical analysis, gets the influence factor of college students' values education influence, and proposes to use a variety of means to realize the value educational curricula reform based on this, and proposes advices of strengthening the idea of serving the people and collective education in university students, paying attention to the cultivation of the sense of competition and independent ability of college students, and striving to build a healthy campus culture, building the good values education atmosphere and innovation values education theory, system and methods.%  为了探究多元化背景下大学生价值观教育的影响因素,本文以社会主义商品经济、对外开放中的外来思潮、历史的原因、思想教育和舆论导向、经济结构的变化、互联网络的影响、思想教育的失误、社会腐败现象为影响因子自变量,大学生价值观教育影响力为应变量做SPSS统计学分析,得到大学生价值观教育影响力的影响因子,并根据十八大提出的社会注意核心价值体系提出充分认识加强社会主义核心价值体系建设的重要意义、在大学生中加强为人民服务和集体主义教育、注重大学生独立能力和竞争意识的培养、努力建设健康的校园文化,营造良好的价值观教育氛围、切实加强高校社会主义核心价值体系建设的实效性等建议。

  2. 影响大学生英语听说能力的因素及对策研究%Research on Influencing Factors and Countermeasures of University Students' English Listening and Speaking Abili-ties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小艳

    2014-01-01

    There are many factors influencing university English listening and speaking abilities,including the new self-learning model,students' language input and output as well as students' personal emotional factors. In this case, in order to improve stu-dents' listening and speaking abilities, teachers should first adjust their roles, and then stimulate students' interest in learning while helping students overcome their affective disorder.%影响大学生英语听说能力的因素众多,主要包括全新的自主学习模式、学生语言输入和输出以及学生个人情感因素等。在这种情况下,要想提高学生的听说能力,教师应首先调整好各自的角色,然后激发学生的学习兴趣,同时帮助学生克服其情感障碍。

  3. Analysis and countermeasures on influencing factor of male nursing students in occupation%护理学专业男生从业影响因素分析与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李惠娥; 刘力戈; 魏文革

    2013-01-01

    通过对国内近7年有关护理学专业男生从业文献的回顾,从个人因素、学校因素、社会因素、性别因素等分析了影响男生从业的因素,总结了稳定护理学专业男生的专业思想、减少男生的流失、发挥男生在护理岗位作用的几项措施,以稳定男护士队伍.%By reviewing papers about male nursing students and men nurse' occupation,we analyzed the influencing factors including personality,schools,social factors and summarized ideas of reinforcing male nursing students specialty.The ultimate goals are stabilizing quantity amount of men nurse and making them play an important role in future nursing position.

  4. INVESTIGATING FACTORS INFLUENCING STUDENTS’ LEARNING IN A TEAM TEACHING SETTING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brenda

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Team teaching factors, including mission clarity, affiliation, innovativeness, and fairness, are examined to determine how they influence student learning in a team-taught course. The study involved 184 college students enrolled in an Introduction to Computers course delivered in a team-taught format in a large university located in the United States. The collaborative teaching design followed a traditional team teaching approach with an instructor team teaching the same course collaboratively. Students enrolled in the team-taught course filled out an online survey targeted at identifying key factors that influence student-based outcomes (satisfaction and competency in the course. Results showed that instructor team mission clarity, affiliation, and fairness are significantly related to students’ satisfaction while instructor team mission clarity and fairness are significantly related to students’ competency.

  5. Demotivating factors influencing rubber production workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Iravani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Motivation is one of the most important factors influencing workers' productivity. An increase in workers' motivation could add more value to organizations' structure and influence the profitability, significantly. In this paper, we study different factors on demotivating workers using questionnaire consist of various questions. The questionnaire is distributed among some employees who work for rubber production units located in Esfahan, Iran. The results of this survey indicate that discrimination on annual job compensation, entrusting responsibilities and unpleasant relationship with family partner are some of the most important factors influencing employees' motivation. While financial factors play important role on increasing employees' motivation, non-financial factors are considered more important.

  6. Examining Factors That Affect Students' Knowledge Sharing within Virtual Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Jinxia; Gunter, Glenda

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine factors that might impact student knowledge sharing within virtual teams through online discussion boards. These factors include: trust, mutual influence, conflict, leadership, and cohesion. A path model was developed to determine whether relationships exist among knowledge sharing from asynchronous group…

  7. Key Skills Influencing Student Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balch, Tonya; Gruenert, Steve

    2009-01-01

    A predictive, non-experimental, cross-sectional design (Johnson, 2001) was used to conduct a study to determine if elementary administrators' key counseling skills and select demographics predicted state-level student performance indicators in their respective schools. A secondary purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable on-line…

  8. The level and influence factors of anxiety among nursing students before the nurse qualification test%护生护士资格考试前焦虑状况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李美仙; 窦娟花; 李宁

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the level and influencing factors of anxiety among nursing students before the nurse qualification test.Method Totally 1527 nursing students in Xi'an were investigated with the Sarason Test Anxiety Scale (TAS) two weeks before the qualification test.Results The total TAS score of nursing students was (19.45±6.24).About 44.83% of the diploma students,46.80% of the associate students and 27.59% of the undergraduate students showed high level of anxiety.The factors influencing the anxiety of nursing students were concerning about their future,confidence,uncomfortable reaction before the test,level of attention that schools pay on this test,professional attitudes,clinic practice or not,personalities and opinions about reform in the test.Conclusion The anxiety of nursing students with different educational backgrounds before the nurse qualification test was at a moderate level.Schools can provide psychological counseling before the exam,if necessary,to mitigate the anxiety level of the nursing students.%目的 调查护生护士资格考试前焦虑程度及影响因素.方法 抽取西安市1527名护生,采用Sarason考试焦虑量表在考试前2周进行调查.结果 护生考试焦虑量表总分为(19.45±6.24)分,分别有44.83%、46.80%、27.59%的中专、大专和高职、本科护生存在高度焦虑.担心前途、自信心、考试前不适反应、学校重视程度、对护理专业的态度、是否继续临床实习、性格及对考试改革的看法是护生考试前焦虑状况的影响因素.结论 不同层次护生护士资格考试前处于中等焦虑水平,学校可开设心理咨询,必要时进行考前心理辅导,降低护生的焦虑水平.

  9. Leadership Factors Influencing the Performance of Educational Institutions. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, Fred E.

    This document is the summary report of a study having as its main objectives: (1) an intensive study of organizational and group-structural factors influencing the research and teaching effectiveness of individual faculty members and their relations to the students; (2) research investigating the effect of academic area and technology on…

  10. External and Internal Factors Influencing Happiness in Elite Collegiate Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denny, Katherine G.; Steiner, Hans

    2009-01-01

    When under conditions of high demand and allostatic load, are happiness and satisfaction in four domains (family, friends, academics, recreation) influenced more by external or internal factors? Do student-athletes who lead exceedingly complicated lives report happiness as a function of athletic achievement or internal disposition? Stanford…

  11. Factors affecting assertiveness among student nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibrahim, Sanaa Abd El Azim

    2011-05-01

    This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting assertiveness among student nurses. The study was carried out at Faculty of Nursing, Port-Said University, on 207 student nurses from four different grades. Rathus Assertiveness Schedule, consisted of 30 items, was used to measure the students' assertiveness level and a 12-item scale developed by Spreitzer was used to measure students' psychological empowerment. The study results showed that 60.4% of the students were assertive, while about half of the students were empowered. A positive relation between student assertiveness and psychological empowerment was detected. Moreover, positive relations regarding family income and students' assertiveness and psychological empowerment were determined. The study recommended introduction of specific courses aiming at enhancing the acquisition of assertiveness skills, in addition, nurse educators must motivate their students to express their opinion and personal rights and also they must pay attention for students' empowerment and enhance students' autonomy. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Factor affecting happiness among nursing students in South Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun, W H; Jo, M J

    2016-08-01

    WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Despite the increased interest in nursing students' happiness in South Korea, few studies have attempted to identify factors influencing their happiness. Therefore, nursing educators should consistently investigate the factors influencing happiness and develop strategies to improve happiness among Korean nursing students. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This study confirmed that there were positive correlations between grateful disposition, social support and happiness. In addition, grateful disposition and support from intimate people were identified as predictors of happiness in Korean nursing students. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: Development of intervention programmes to help nursing students increase grateful disposition and support from intimate people may be helpful for improving happiness. These programmes can include activity, such as writing a gratitude journal, and extracurricular programmes, such as mentoring programmes between seniors and juniors and/or professor and student. Introduction Happiness is very important in the training and development of nursing students as future nurses. However, nursing students experience a high level of stress and low level of happiness in South Korea. Aim This study aimed to investigate factors that affect happiness among nursing students in South Korea. Method Data were collected from a total of 241 nursing enrolled in two 4-year baccalaureate nursing programmes in South Korea, using a self-administrated questionnaire. To identify predictors of happiness, stepwise regression analysis was conducted. Results The results indicated that grateful disposition and support from intimate people significantly predict happiness among Korean nursing students. These two factors accounted for 38.0% of the variance in happiness. Discussion This study indicated grateful disposition and support from intimate people as factors promoting happiness in nursing students. The findings

  13. Factors associated with stress among medical students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qamar, Khadija; Khan, Najamus Saqib; Bashir Kiani, Muhammad Rizwan

    2015-07-01

    To determine the probable factors responsible for stress among undergraduate medical students. The qualitative descriptive study was conducted at a public-sector medical college in Islamabad, Pakistan, from January to April 2014. Self-administered open-ended questionnaires were used to collect data from first year medical students in order to study the factors associated with the new environment. There were 115 students in the study with a mean age of 19±6.76 years. Overall, 35(30.4%) students had mild to moderate physical problems, 20(17.4%) had severe physical problems and 60(52.2%) did not have any physical problem. Average stress score was 19.6±6.76. Major elements responsible for stress identified were environmental factors, new college environment, student abuse, tough study routines and personal factors. Majority of undergraduate students experienced stress due to both academic and emotional factors.

  14. INFLUENCE OF STUDENT ENGLISH UTILITY AND TEACHER EFFICACY ON ENGLISH PROFICIENCY OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth A. ORTEGA-DELA CRUZ

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Learning second language considers a number of factors that influence the manner in which the language is taught. Understanding of the learners’ goals and motivation for learning is one. Using descriptive-correlational research design, this study determined the influence of student English utility and teacher efficacy on the students’ English proficiency. A total of 101 students from first year to fourth year level served as the respondents of the study. The study quantified the students’ perception towards English utility and their evaluation of English teacher efficacy which employed a researcher-made survey questionnaire. Results revealed high positive perceptions of students towards English utility. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences in the perceptions of high school students on the efficacy of their English teachers. Correlation coefficients indicated a positive linear relationship among the given variables. The p-value revealed significant relationship of teacher efficacy (r = .691, p-value = .000 and English utility (r = .467, p-value = .000 to students’ English proficiency. Results of regression statistics revealed that English utility has no significant influence on the student English proficiency. Therefore, the main factor that must still be considered then should be the teacher. Finally, there is an explicit indication that high level of teachers’ efficacy performing in teaching has much powerful influence on the English proficiency of high school students. Thus improving the methods of teaching English provides a better way of motivating students to achieve higher levels of proficiency in the future.

  15. The research of students' psychological elastic condition and its influencing factors in Baotou medical college%包头医学院学生心理弹性状况及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚生

    2015-01-01

    The university is the first step to society for students. It is easy to meet psychological problems in different degrees for college students when they face changes from physiology, psychology and environment, which can affect their healthy growth. The pressure of learning, in-terpersonal relationship, love and employment can easily lead to their psychological confusion. Especially for those with weaker psychological endur-ance, they will suffer from psychological dysfunction much easier than others, which has a bad influence on their healthy growth if without timely guidance. The research of college students' psychological elastic condition and influencing factors can help the students form the psychological elas-ticity, and make them smoothly cope with difficulties and setbacks. The study of students' psychological elastic condition and influencing factors in Baotou medical college effectively contributes to the healthy development of college students.%大学是学生走向社会的第一步,当大学生面对来自生理、心理、环境的变化时,很容易出现不同程度的心理问题,从而影响其健康成长;学习、人际关系、恋爱和就业等方面的压力容易造成他们心理上的困惑,尤其是心理承受能力较弱的学生更容易出现心理障碍,若不及时疏导将会对其健康成长产生不良影响。通过对大学生心理弹性状况及影响因素的研究可以提早使学生形成心理弹性,帮助大学生更好地应对困境和挫折。通过研究包头医学院学生心理弹性现状及影响因素可以有效地促进大学生的健康发展。

  16. Interpersonal trust status and influencing factors in medical college students%医学生人际信任现状及其影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈岩; 丁宁; 范大志; 潘发明

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解医学专科生人际信任的现状及影响因素,为后期的干预提供理论依据。方法采用随机抽样和整群抽样相结合的抽样方法,用自行设计,经预调查、专家咨询后修改的调查表进行基本信息的搜集,以及用公认的人际信任量表(inter-personal trust scale,ITS)和生活满意度量表分别进行人际信任状况和生活满意度状况的评估。结果本次研究共发放600份问卷,其中回收合格的为582份。研究结果显示医学专科生总体人际信任得分为(79.07±8.48)分,略高于中值75分。在居住情况、宿舍成员个数、与宿舍成员间、同学间及老师的关系、自我评价成绩情况以及每天上网的时间等因素上人际信任得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);人际信任与生活满意度存在中等程度的正相关性(r=0.38,P<0.05)。结论医学专科生的人际信任处在中等水平。被试者的居住情况,与他人的人际关系,自我感觉学习压力大小以及每天上网时间等因素可能是影响医学专科生人际信任的重要因素。%Objective Study the status and the factors which influent interpersonal trust among medical students,in order to acquire the theoretical basis for the post-intervention applied on them.Methods Using random sampling method and cluster sampling combining with our own design,pre-survey,modified after consultation questionnaire to collect basic information,as well as interpersonal trust with a recog-nized scale (interpersonal trust scale,ITS)and life Satisfaction Scale were evaluated interpersonal trust status and living conditions of satis-faction.Results We totally investigated 600 questionnaires,of which 582 qualified for the recovery.The results showed that students in gen-eral medicine specialist interpersonal trust score of(79.07 ±8.48),slightly higher than the value of 75 points.In residence,the number of members of the

  17. Comparation of positive psychological quality and its influencing factors among nursing students from rural and urban areas%农村与城镇生源护生积极心理品质及影响因素比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玉芳; 张娜; 张静平

    2013-01-01

    目的 分析湖南省长沙市不同生源地护生积极心理品质及其影响因素的差异,为各高等护理院校制定有针对性的心理指导措施提供理论依据.方法 采用随机整群抽样方法,抽取长沙市745名护生应用自编一般情况调查表、中国大学生积极心理品质量表、焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、一般自我效能感量表(GSES)进行基本信息、积极心理品质、焦虑、抑郁及自我效能的现状调查.结果 湖南省长沙市农村生源护生在认知、人际、公正、超越4个维度和创造力、好奇心、思维与洞察力、热情、社交智慧、领导能力、希望信念、幽默风趣8项积极心理品质得分均低于城镇生源护生(P<0.05);农村与城镇生源护生焦虑发生率分别为20.35% (94/462)、25.08% (71/283),抑郁发生率分别为43.51% (201/462)、45.23%(128/283),自我效能平均分分别为(2.39±0.45)、(2.42±0.51)分,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);多因素分析表明,自我效能感、老师的关注、体育参与度、对积极心理品质的了解、抑郁、父母的期待和与同学的关系是农村和城镇生源护生积极心理品质的共同影响因素(均P <0.05),是否学生干部和父亲的关心是农村生源护生积极心理品质的影响因素(均P<0.05);焦虑、学习成绩、母亲的关心和表扬鼓励是城镇生源护生积极心理品质的影响因素(均P <0.05).结论 不同生源地护生积极心理品质及其影响因素存在差异,应有针对性的培养护生的积极心理品质,促进其身心健康发展.%Objective To analyze the difference in positive psychological quality and its influencing factors among nursing students from rural and urban areas and to provide theoretical basis for formulating effective measures to improve psychological and physical health of nursing students.Methods Totally 745 nursing students were selected via random clustered

  18. Empowering Mong Students: Home and School Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thao, Yer J.

    2003-01-01

    Investigated how home and school factors affected the education of Mong students. Data from interviews with elementary students, teachers, and parents indicated that Mong families had high expectations for their children. Students' negative schooling experiences were exacerbated by the mismatch between home and school cultures, misconceptions and…

  19. Understanding the Psycho-Social and Cultural Factors That Influence the Experience of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Chinese American College Students: A Systems Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Edmund Wong Din-Mond

    2012-01-01

    A review of the extant research literature reveals limited data on college students with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Even less information is known in regards to minority populations living with ADHD, specifically Asian American college student. This research project was focused on Chinese American college students with ADHD.…

  20. Psychological Factors Influencing Consumer Behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Vainikka, Bianca

    2015-01-01

    This paper’s aim is to provide an in-depth elucidation of the many aspects that influence consumer behaviour. The study of consumer behaviour emphasizes the “why” and “how” questions involved in decision making and buying behaviour. This exciting field visits a dynamic blend of themes of consumer marketing strategies, psychology and behavioural discipline. Consumer behaviour in this day and age is highly applicable to modern society as it is an integral part of our everyday lives. This paper ...

  1. 高校研究生学术不端行为影响因子调查研究%Study on Influencing Factors of Graduate Students ’ Academic Misconduct

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江利平; 邓毅; 卢勃

    2015-01-01

    本研究对 H大学的350名全日制在读研究生的学术不端行为的现状和影响因子进行实证调查,对所得数据进行分析,得出H大学研究生学术不端行为主要有引用不注明出处;论文署名不按学术贡献程度排序;抄袭、剽窃等七种表现形式。通过因子分析得出影响研究生学术不端行为的主因子有导师因子、学术行为监督教育因子、研究生因子,最后从导师、管理制度、研究生自身三个层面提出建议,希望能为防治研究生学术不端行为提供有益借鉴。%A study is conducted on the academic misconduct by 350 full‐time graduate students at H University and related influencing factors .Data analysis shows that there are seven main forms of academic misconduct ,including use of information without indicating sources ,authorship not listed according to degrees of contribution ,copying ,and plagiarism .Their main influencing factors are the teacher factor , supervision factor , and student factor . In addition , suggestions are given for misconduct prevention from three aspects :supervisors’ work ,management system and students’ own behavior .

  2. Factors Associated with Student Pharmacist Philanthropy to the College Before and After Graduation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marie A Chisholm-Burns; Christina A Spivey

    2015-01-01

      To examine the early stages of a student giving program, to evaluate the program's influence on college donations, and to evaluate other factors that may affect student and year-one postgraduation...

  3. Student Understanding of the Boltzmann Factor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Trevor I.; Mountcastle, Donald B.; Thompson, John R.

    2015-01-01

    We present results of our investigation into student understanding of the physical significance and utility of the Boltzmann factor in several simple models. We identify various justifications, both correct and incorrect, that students use when answering written questions that require application of the Boltzmann factor. Results from written data…

  4. 大学生攻击行为影响因素路径分析%Study on influencing factors to aggressive behavior among college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪林英

    2012-01-01

    Objective To find out the relation between aggression and family rearing style, personality, self-esteem and social support, and to provide the convenience and reference for college students' aggression. Methods Linear structure equation was used to explore the relation between the aggressive behavior and its various effective factors, and then built up its structure model. Results While building up the aggressive behavior structure model, the aggressive behaviors of college students were affected directly or indirectly. Family upbringing style, social support affected the aggressive behavior of college students in different degrees though the intermediary of personal variable and self-esteem; father' s emotional warmth and understanding(0. 062) , father' s punishment/stern (0. 147) , father's partiality (0. 094) , mother's punishment/stern (0. 001) , subjective supports (0.056) , objective support( 0. 021) , utility of support( 0. 027 ) , psychoticism (0. 258 ) , introversion-extroversion (0. 014) and neuroticism (0. 430). The effect direct size of neuroticism to aggression was the most(0. 360). Conclusion In order to decrease aggressive behaviors, college students' education should be strengthened and make them take on a good look to study, work and communicate.%目的 了解攻击行为与家庭教养方式、人格、自尊和社会支持的关系,为大学生攻击行为研究提供指导和借鉴.方法 采用线性结构方程并建立模型来探讨大学生攻击行为与各影响因素之间的关系.结果 通过建立大学生攻击行为模型发现,大学生攻击行为受人格变量直接和间接影响;而自尊对攻击行为仅产生直接影响,效应指数为0.19;家庭教养方式和社会支持通过人格变量和自尊中介因素对大学生攻击行为起不同程度的间接作用,分别为:父亲情感温暖、理解(0.062),父亲惩罚、严厉(0.147),父亲偏爱被试(0.094),母亲惩罚、严厉(0.001),客观支持(0.056),

  5. Student understanding of the Boltzmann factor

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Trevor I; Thompson, John R

    2015-01-01

    We present results of our investigation into student understanding of the physical significance and utility of the Boltzmann factor in several simple models. We identify various justifications, both correct and incorrect, that students use when answering written questions that require application of the Boltzmann factor. Results from written data as well as teaching interviews suggest that many students can neither recognize situations in which the Boltzmann factor is applicable, nor articulate the physical significance of the Boltzmann factor as an expression for multiplicity, a fundamental quantity of statistical mechanics. The specific student difficulties seen in the written data led us to develop a guided-inquiry tutorial activity, centered around the derivation of the Boltzmann factor, for use in undergraduate statistical mechanics courses. We report on the development process of our tutorial, including data from teaching interviews and classroom observations on student discussions about the Boltzmann f...

  6. 医学生求职“问题行为”及影响因素调查%Study on ‘ problem behavior' and influencing factors during job hunting of medical students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨希; 康丽; 肖一凡; 史瑞芬

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the ‘ problem behavior' and influencing factors during job haunting of medical students and to provide guidance for students.Methods Totally 409 medical students who had graduated or were going to graduate but all having the experiences of applying for jobs were surveyed with self-made questionnaire.Likert 5 points scoring method was employed to evaluate the job hunting and SPSS 17.0 seftware was used to do statistical analysis.Results The ‘ problem behaviors' with the highest scores were conformism and comparison [(3.93 ± 0.628) and (3.80 ± 0.847) respectively)].Self factors influencing students' behavior in career choice included the capacity for self-definition (3.62 ± 0.855),personal values (3.55 ± 0.893) and legal awareness (3.51 ± 1.039).Meanwhile,the factor with the highest score was education cost (3.93 ± 0.887).Besides,influences of family expectation (3.43 ± 0.945),employment environment (3.40 ± 0.940) and college educational system (3.28 ± 1.038) were also outstanding.Conclusions Medical students'‘ problem behaviors' during job hunting are diverse and are influenced by many factors.So,we are supposed to strengthen the education and guidance from the self factors,combining the actions of school,family and society to promote medical students' employment.%目的 了解医学生求职过程中的“问题行为”及其影响因素,为科学指导学生就业提供依据.方法 采取随机抽样的方法,采用自行设计的问卷,对即将毕业和已经毕业的、参加过求职的409名医学生进行调查,采用Likert 5点计分法对求职“问题行为”进行评分,采用SPSS 17.0统计软件进行统计描述.结果 医学生求职“问题行为”评分较高的是盲从和攀比,分别为(3.93 ±0.628)和(3.80 ±0.847);影响学生求职择业行为的自身因素主要是自我认知能力(3.62 ±0.855)、个人价值观(3.55±0.893)和法制意识(3.51±1.039).教育成本因素评分最高,为(3

  7. 中学生课外体育锻炼的影响因素与对策%Influence Factors and Countermeasure of Extracurricular Physical Exercising of Middle School Student

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨英波

    2012-01-01

    在收集全国中学生课外活动文献资料的基础上,重点对中学场地器材、中学生学习压力和学校管理等影响中学生课外体育锻炼的因素展开分析。并通过浙江、吉林和宁波等市的实例论证,结合当前中学课外活动开展的制约因素,提出了相应的对策建议。%Middle school students in the collection activities based on the literature material, key to middle school location equipment, high school students study pressure and school management and influence factors of middle school students physical exercise on analysis. And through the zhejiang, jilin and ningbo, and examples of the argument, and combining the current high school outside the activities of the restriction factor, puts forward the corresponding

  8. Thymic Output: Influence Factors and Molecular Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Rong Jin; Jun Zhang; Weifeng Chen

    2006-01-01

    Thymus is a primary lymphoid organ, able to generate mature T cells that eventually colonize secondary lymphoid organs, and is therefore essential for peripheral T cell renewal. Recent data showed that normal thymocyte export can be altered by several influence factors including several chemokines,sphingosinel-phosphate (S1P),transcription factors such as Foxjl, Kruppel-like transcription factor 2 (KLF2) and antigen stimulation, etc. In this review, we summarized the recent reports about study strategies, influence factors and possible molecular mechanisms in thymic output.

  9. 31. FACTORS INFLUENCING UTILIZATION OF INTERMITTENT ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Esem

    treatment of malaria during pregnancy(IPTp), effective IPTp service utilization ... effective case management of malaria. Despite the ... Factors influencing IPTp utilization identified in the study included; educational status of a woman,. Medical ...

  10. Home Environmental Factors Influencing Performance and Progress ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Factors Influencing Performance and Progress of Primary School Pupils in ... found that parents' educational level and income level have a bearing on school ... on school progress and performance, however; home language did play a role.

  11. Factors Influencing Self Employment Media Service Providers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors Influencing Self Employment Media Service Providers among Tertiary ... role stereotype and common business practices on media self employment in ... Sex, Psycho-social Characteristics, self Employment, Providing Media Services.

  12. Age-Related Factors That Influence Fertility

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... can be found at the NICHD Pregnancy Loss topic page . Committee on Gynecologic Practice of American College of ... 2012, from http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/pregnancyloss/researchinfo/Pages/default.aspx [top] « Lifestyle Factors That Influence Fertility ...

  13. Factors that negatively influence consumption of traditionally ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Factors that negatively influence consumption of traditionally fermented milk ... of sub-Saharan Africa and a number of health benefits to human beings are ... Key words: Mursik, Lactic acid bacteria (LAB), probiotic, Preschoolers, Focus group

  14. FACTORS INFLUENCING THE SELECTION OF DENTAL NURSING ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    drclement

    FACTORS INFLUENCING THE SELECTION OF DENTAL NURSING AS A. PROFESSION ... Colleges of Health Technology undergoing external ... questionnaire requested information on age ... individual with good communication skills and ...

  15. Factors that Influence Adolescents to Smoke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Karen H.; Stutts, Mary Ann

    1999-01-01

    A survey of the factors that influence adolescents (n=246) to smoke found that family smoking behavior, peer pressure, and prior beliefs were more important in predicting smoking level than were advertising and antismoking information. (Author/JOW)

  16. FACTORS INFLUENCING SUSTAINED MANAGERIAL EFFICIENCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Marius RIZESCU

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The concept of effectiveness is learnable in economic theory and practice with various forms of manifestation of the results obtained by the managers, such as profitability, the productivity of factors of production, capital efficiency, cost savings, etc. Regarded as the organizing principle and driving activity in the market economy, it has a much richer content and also favorable results of generalizing all derived by managers. Choosing effective in meeting needs with limited resources or powerlessness to maximize resource needs under restrains, are expressions through which efficiency is situated at the heart of economic theory and practice.

  17. ENERGY EFFICIENCY. TRENDS AND INFLUENCE FACTORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zizi GOSCHIN

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Energy efficiency is correlated with many factors of influence: Gross National Income per capita, energy imports (% of energy use, renewable combustible and waste (% of total, energy use per capita, services as % of GDP and others. In this paper we are testing a model of piecewise linear regression with breakpoint in order to measure the influence of these factors on the variation of GDP per unit of energy use in Europe in the year 2003.

  18. INVESTIGATION ON THE STATUS OF BMI IN NANTONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS AND ITS INFLUENCING FACTORS%南通大学学生BMI现况及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱奇; 范从娟; 郑方

    2011-01-01

    [目的]了解南通大学学生BMI分布情况,并从饮食、运动、生活方式、精神和遗传等方面初步分析BMI的影响因素.[方法]自行设计《BMI及其影响因素调查量表》,采用随机分层抽样,抽取南通大学文理医科,大一到大四在校学生共402人.采用描述性统计方法分析BMI分布情况,多因素Logistic回归分析体重过轻及超重肥胖的影响因素.[结果]402名调查对象中,体重过轻51人,占12.69%;正常306人,占76.12%;超重38人,占9.45%;肥胖7人,占1.74%.BMI在男女生之间的分布存在统计学差异(P=0.000).各影响因素中,“进食速度” “是否偏食或挑食”“是否有家族性慢性病”对BMI的分布有影响(P<0.05).[结论]本次调查发现,南通大学学生BMI分布基本正常,但体重过轻和超重肥胖的人群也占到了一定的比例.今后高校应进一步普及BMI的概念及测算,加强对同学们饮食、运动、生活方式等各方面的指导,让更多的人保持一个健康理想的体重.%[Objective] To investigate the distribution of BMI in Nantong university students and the influential factors about BMI was analyzed by dietary, physical exercise, psyche and heredity etc. [Methods] The "BMI & Influencing Factors Questionnaire" was designed by ourselves after consulting some reference. 402 students in Nantong University came from freshman, sophomore, junior and senior, belong to literature, professional science and medical were randomly stratified sampled. [Results] Among the 402 students, 51 students belong to underweight, account for 12.69%; 306 students belong to normal weight, account for 76.21%; 38 students belong to overweight; account for 9.45%; 7 students belong to obesity, account for 1.74%. There were significant differences between male and female. Among various influencing factors, "eating rate" "food preferences or not" "familial chronic disease" affected the distribution of BMI. [Conclusion] This survey

  19. Variation properties of ionospheric eclipse factor and ionospheric influence factor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Chunmei; YUAN Yunbin; OU Jikun; CHEN Jinping

    2005-01-01

    The concepts and calculation methods of ionospheric eclipse factor (IEF) and ionospheric influence factor (IFF) are further illustrated. The temporal and spacial variation properties of IEF and IFF are studied, which shows that the properties are influenced by the geographic position and season. The possibility of improving the precision of using GPS data to determine ionospheric delay based on the above variation properties is also analysed.

  20. FACTORS INFLUENCING COMPOSTING POULTRY WASTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michał Kopeć

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Organic recycling of waste, taking into account sanitary safety, should be a fundamental method for recovering the nutrients present in the waste for plants and organic matter. It also refers to by-products of animal origin, which are not intended for consumption by humans. In the present research , composting of hydrated poultry slaughterhouse waste with maize straw was carried out. A combination with fodder yeast and post-cellulose lime was also introduced, which modified chemical and physico-chemical properties of the mixtures. The experiment was carried out by recording the biomass temperature for 110 days in 1.2×1.0×0.8 m reactors with perforated bottoms enabling active aeration. The following parameters were taken into consideration in the composted material: carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, respiratory activity, microorganisms, fractions of compost obtained after washing on sieves. Small amounts of fodder yeast favoured the development of microorganisms and caused a sanitary risk in the final product. At the initial stage, the temperature of raw compost in that object was several degrees lower than in the case of the composted mass without yeast addition. The addition of post-cellulose lime at ratios 6.5:1:6.5 (maize straw: poultry slaughterhouse waste: post-cellulose lime caused a change in the time of microbiological activity, and led to its inhibition in the final process. In comparison to objects with poultry waste, the highest degree of hygienization was found in the compost with post-cellulose lime (with pH close to neutral. By adjusting the ratios of substrates we can influence the microbiological activity, but the amounts of individual substrates should be determined taking into account the quality of the obtained compost.

  1. 重庆市城市中小学生忽视状况及其影响因素分析%Analysis of neglect condition and its influencing factors in primary and middle school students of Chongqing city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游欢; 钟朝晖; 张眉; 杨彬; 刁俊

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解重庆市城市中小学生忽视现状,分析中小学生忽视的主要影响因素,为制订干预措施提供科学依据.方法 采用随机抽样方法,从重庆市主城区随机抽取部分学生作为调查对象.应用我国中小学生忽视评价量表进行问卷调查.描述不同年龄、性别、忽视层面的忽视率与忽视度,并对影响因素进行分析.结果 各个年龄组不同性别平均忽视度分别为45.38、47.18、50.42和52.56,平均忽视率分别为34.32%、33.33%、36.90%、33.80%.各个年龄组男生忽视率均高于女生.在忽视层面上,15~17岁组的学生在教育、医疗、身体、情感层面受到的忽视程度高于其他年龄组,而6~8岁组学生在各个忽视层面受到的忽视均相对较低.结论 重庆市中小学生受忽视的程度和密度较大,平均忽视率和忽视度均高于全国调查水平,各个层面忽视的发生率也较高,应结合中小学生忽视现状及影响因素积极预防学生忽视的发生.%Objective To understand the neglect status of primary school students in Chongqing city and to analyze the main influencing factors of neglect to provide a scientific basis for the development of interventions. Methods Using the random sampling method, the partial students from the urban areas of Chongqing city were randomly selected for the survey subjects. The primary and middle school students neglect assessment scale was used for questionnaire survey. The rate and degree of neglect in different ages, genders and neglected layers were described and the influencing factors were analyzed. Results The average neglect degrees in different genders of all age groups were 45. 38, 47. 18, 50. 42 and 52. 56, respectively, and the average neglect rates were 34. 32% ,33. 33% , 36. 90% and 33. 80% respectively. The neglect rate in boys of all age groups was higher than that in girls. The neglect degrees in the aspects of education,health care,body,emotion for the

  2. Influencing factors and status of professional identity among undergraduate nursing students at school%在校本科护生职业认同感状况及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李亚玲; 左红霞; 张东云

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the current situation and influencing factors of professional identity among undergraduate nursing students at school.Methods A survey was conducted with a total sample of 405 undergraduate nursing students at school using self-designed Professional Identity Questionnaire for Nursing Students.Descriptive statistics and Hierarchical multiple regressions were used to analyze the data in this study.Results For undergraduate nursing students at school,the score of professional identity of nursing students was (3.20 ± 0.43).However,internal distribution was unbalanced,with higher professional expectation and lower professional cognition.Students' gender (β =-0.243,t =-11.015 ;P < 0.05) and career choice reason (β =0.027,t =13.009 ; P < 0.05) were the influencing factors,with an overall of 50.8% of explained variance in professional identity.Whether was only child or cadre students,and what grade were no significant influencing for professional identity of students.Conclusions The results indicate that professional identity education should be implemented in each stage of nursing education.Nursing administrators should carry out the professional identity education as a systemic engineering combing macro-control with micro-treatment,analyze related reasons and adopt different measures aiming at different gender and career choice,conduct professional thought and emotional education to promote students' professional identity.%目的 探索在校本科护生职业认同感状况及其影响因素.方法 采用护生职业认同感问卷对405名在校本科护生进行职业认同感状况的问卷调查,用Hierarchical多元回归分析职业认同的影响因素.结果 在校本科护生总体职业认同评分为(3.20±0.43)分;职业认同各维度发展不均衡,职业期望最高,而职业认知最低.性别(β=-0.243,t=-11.015,P<0.05)、择业原因(β=0.027,t=13.009,P<0.05)对护生总体职业认同有显著

  3. Factors Influencing the Quality of Mobile Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alin ZAMFIROIU

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Mobile applications are becoming increasingly used. Mobile devices are becoming indispensable for the user. In the material are claiming the sales of mobile devices internationally and the use of mobile applications compared to traditional internet use on desktop systems for the United States. Are presented influences the quality of mobile applications and based on these influencing factors built a model of choice for optimal application of mobile applications and traditional desktop application. At the end of the material presented methods to increase quality by tracking the influence factors during the development of mobile applications.

  4. Factors influencing alginate gel biocompatibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, Susan K; Dusseault, Julie; Bilodeau, Stéphanie; Langlois, Geneviève; Hallé, Jean-Pierre; Yahia, L'Hocine

    2011-07-01

    Alginate remains the most popular polymer used for cell encapsulation, yet its biocompatibility is inconsistent. Two commercially available alginates were compared, one with 71% guluronate (HiG), and the other with 44% (IntG). Both alginates were purified, and their purities were verified. After 2 days in the peritoneal cavity of C57BL/6J mice, barium (Ba)-gel and calcium (Ca)-gel beads of IntG alginate were clean, while host cells were adhered to beads of HiG alginate. IntG gel beads, however, showed fragmentation in vivo while HiG gel beads stayed firm. The physicochemical properties of the sodium alginates and their gels were thoroughly characterized. The intrinsic viscosity of IntG alginate was 2.5-fold higher than that of HiG alginate, suggesting a greater molecular mass. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated that both alginates were similar in elemental composition, including low levels of counterions in all gels. The wettabilities of the alginates and gels were also identical, as measured by contact angles of water on dry films. Ba-gel beads of HiG alginate resisted swelling and degradation when immersed in water, much more than the other gel beads. These results suggest that the main factors contributing to the biocompatibility of gels of purified alginate are the mannuronate/guluronate content and/or intrinsic viscosity.

  5. A Phenomenological Study: The Identification of Faculty Member Characteristics and Environmental Factors That Influence the Reporting of Student Academic Misconduct at a Private Urban University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rupprecht, Stephen M.

    2016-01-01

    The issue of student academic misconduct, most often seen as cheating or plagiarism, has plagued higher education professionals and institutions for decades. Negative faculty member feelings associated with having to deal with incidents of student academic misconduct are well documented, and only serve to support reasons why faculty members might…

  6. What Factors Influence Wind Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Tatiana

    Over the last decade, wind power has emerged as a possible source of energy and has attracted the attention of homeowners and policy makers worldwide. Many technological hurdles have been overcome in the last few years that make this technology feasible and economical. The United States has added more wind power than any other type of electric generation in 2012. Depending on the location, wind resources have shown to have the potential to offer 20% of the nation's electricity; a single, large wind turbine has the capacity to produce enough electricity to power 350 homes. Throughout the development of wind turbines, however, energy companies have seen significant public opposition towards the tall white structures. The purpose of this research was to measure peoples' perceptions on wind turbine development throughout their growth, from proposal to existing phase. Three hypotheses were developed based on the participant's political affiliation, proximity and knowledge of wind turbines. To validate these hypotheses, participants were asked an array of questions regarding their perception on economic, environmental, and social impacts of wind turbines with an online service called Amazon Mechanical Turk. The responses were from residents living in the United States and required them to provide their zip code for subsequent analysis. The analysis from the data obtained suggests that participants are favorable towards wind turbine development and would be supportive of using the technology in their community. Political affiliation and proximity to the nearest wind turbine in any phase of development (proposal, construction, existing) were also analyzed to determine if they had an effect on a person's overall perception on wind turbines and their technology. From the analysis, political affiliation was seen to be an indirect factor to understanding favorability towards wind turbines; the more liberal you are, the more supportive you will be towards renewable energy use

  7. 浅析网络游戏对大学生行为的影响因素%Analysis on Influencing Factors of Online Games on College Students' Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯智博

    2013-01-01

      伴随着计算机技术的迅速发展和网络的普及率快速提升,网游成为了市场经济中的一个新的领域。与此同时,快速发展的网络游戏行业由于缺少管理,带来了诸多的社会问题,对于大学生而言,由于远离家庭,所受约束较少,同时也因为年龄、心理等因素,在很大程度上容易受到流行趋势的影响,不可否认网络游戏已逐渐在大学生间逐渐流行、发展起来。为了维护学生身心健康的良好发展,作为高校的教育工作者我们应对大学生网络游戏行为的影响因素进行研究。%With the rapid development of computer technology and the rapid ascension of Internet penetration rate, online game has become a new field in the market economy. At the same time, because of lack of management, the rapid development of network game industry has brought many social problems. For college students, because of far away from the family and less constraints as well as factors such as age and mentality,they are easily affected by the popular trend, and there is no denying that online game has gradually becoming more popular among college students. In order to maintain the good development of students' physical and mental health, college education workers should carry out research on influencing factors of college students' online game behavior.

  8. Patient factors that influence warfarin dose response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Pamela J

    2010-06-01

    Warfarin has long been the mainstay of oral anticoagulation therapy for the treatment and prevention of venous and arterial thrombosis. The narrow therapeutic index of warfarin, and the complex number of factors that influence international normalized ratio (INR) response, makes optimization of warfarin therapy challenging. Determination of the appropriate warfarin dose during initiation and maintenance therapy requires an understanding of patient factors that influence dose response: age, body weight, nutritional status, acute and chronic disease states, and changes in concomitant drug therapy and diet. This review will examine specific clinical factors that can affect the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of warfarin, as well as the role of pharmacogenetics in optimizing warfarin therapy.

  9. 中学生网络卷入类型及影响因素分析%Research on Involved Groups in Middle School Students Internet Addiction and Logistic Analysis of Influence Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Explore the advanced gradually group of middle school students involved in Internet Addiction (IA) and judge the predictive power and character of influence factors. Methods: Survey 1957 middle school students obtained by stratified sampling with revised Chinese Internet Addiction Scale. Results: There are five groups named normal using, internet preference;mild relying on internet, tendency addiction and internet addiction consisted in middle school students. Internet age, house area and the attitude about internet using of family have not close relation with IA, but gender, grade, academic record, family relationship, the place got the internet, net activity and the time playing net per day influence the degree of IA. Conclusions:It is necessary to understand IA of middle school students integrated the group trait and culture, and play close attention to the new condition which it is emerged some new tendency about the influence factors of IA.%  为探讨中学生网络成瘾的类型,明确网络成瘾影响因素的性质,采用修订后的《中文网络成瘾量表》对1957名中学生问卷调查,结果显示:中学生网络成瘾卷入类型包括正常使用、网络偏好、轻度依赖、成瘾倾向和网络成瘾五个渐进群体,成瘾检出率为4.04%;性别、年级、学习成绩、家人关系、上网地点、上网活动和日平均网络使用时间较为复杂地影响着网瘾卷入进程。因此,新形势下的中学生网络成瘾具有一些新趋势,需要引起高度关注。

  10. The status and influence factors of employment intention among undergraduate nursing students%护理本科生择业意向及影响因素的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小燕; 姜小鹰; 冉启果

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the employment intention and its influence factors among undergraduate nursing students. Methods Totally 907 undergraduate nursing students were investigated using a self-designed questionnaire. Results 794 (87.5%) undergraduate nursing students were optimistic about the employment. They preferred to work in large general hospitals (71.2%) and educational or research institutes (10.6%). The expected salary was more than 5000 RMB per month in most students(64.7%). They mostly valued their own(46.9%) and parents' (32.2%) suggestions. 62.6% of them would be employed if the job was not satisfied. The top three factors influencing employment intention were salary,housing and insurance,job stability,and economic benefits of the employers. The employment intention was different among students with different gender,age,grade,family residence and professional attitude(P5000元/月;找工作时大多倾向于自己(425名,占46.9%)及父母(292名,占32.2%)的意见;若找不到理想工作,568名(62.6%)学生倾向于先就业并等待好时机。择业时重视的前3位因素是:薪金/保险/住房等福利待遇、工作稳定性、单位的经济效益。性别、年龄、年级、生源地、喜欢护理专业对护理本科生择业时的重视因素有一定影响(P<0.05)。结论护理本科生择业期望值较高,择业时比较重视生理安全及自我实现方面的需要。学校在进行就业指导教育时应为学生提供具有个性化的指导。

  11. Status of health literacy and its influencing factors among high school students in Shenzhen city%深圳市中学生健康素养状况及影响因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄润森; 曹黎; 朱敏贞; 邹思梅

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of health literacy and its influencing factors among high school students in Shenzhen city. Methods Multi-stage sampling was used and 2 316 students from 14 high schools were investigated with a self-designed questionnaire. The criterion of health literacy was defined as answering 80 percent of the questions in the questionnaire correctly. Results Only 24. 65 percent of high school students had health literacy. The rates of health literacy about basic health knowledge and belief, basic health lifestyle and behavior, and basic health skill were 40. 50% , 20. 03% , and 84. 54% , respectively. Based on the results of logictic regression, academic performance positively affected the level of health literacy (P <0. 001). Both the grade and academic performance were the influencing factors of different dimensions of health literacy, including health knowledge, behavior and skill. Conclusion The level of health literacy among high school students in Shenzhen city is low and it is necessary to implement appropriate measures to improve health literacy among the students.%目的 了解广东省深圳市中学生健康素养状况及其影响因素.方法 采用多阶段抽样方法,使用自制问卷对全市14个学校2 316名学生进行问卷调查.结果 深圳市中学生具备总体健康素养的人数为572人,比例为24.65%,具备基本健康知识和理念素养、基本健康生活方式与行为素养、基本健康技能素养的人分别为939、463、1 954人,比例分别为40.50%、20.03%和84.54%;多因素logistic回归分析显示,自评学习成绩是中学生总体健康素养的影响因素(OR=1.25,P<0.001),年级和自评学习成绩是中学生各维度健康素养(健康知识、行为和技能)的影响因素.结论 深圳中学生健康素养水平不高,与自评学生成绩和年级等因素有关.

  12. The level and influencing factors of critical thinking among higher vocational nursing students%高职护理专业学生评判性思维及影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    茅清; 姚跃英; 王艳红

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查高职护理专业学生评判性思维能力现状,并分析其影响因素。方法采用一般资料调查表和中文版评判性思维测量量表(CTDI-CV),对582名某高职院校护理专业学生进行横断面调查。结果高职护理专业学生评判性思维能力总分为(276.4±29.7)分,40.8%和0.9%处于正性和很强的评判性思维水平;寻求真相、开放思想、系统化能力、自信心、认知成熟度5个维度平均得分低于40分。以问题为基础的教学法、课堂气氛、是否有阅读习惯是影响评判性思维得分的3个主要因素(P<0.05)。结论高职护理专业学生的评评判性思维能力处于中等水平,护理教育者应进一步加强培养学生的评判性思维。%Objective To investigate the level and influencing factors of critical thinking among higher vocational nursing students. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 582 higher vocational nursing stu-dents were investigated using Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory-Chinese Version(CTDI-CV). Results The to-tal score of CTDI-CV was(276.4±29.7),40.8% and 0.9% of the students showed positive and high level of critical thinking. The dimension scores of truth-seeking,open-mindedness,systematicity,self-confidence and maturity were below 40 points. Multiple regression analysis showed that problem-based learning(PBL),classroom atmosphere,read-ing habit were significant influencing factors of critical thinking. Conclusion The critical thinking of higher voca-tional nursing students is at moderate level. Nursing educators should pay close attention to the training of higher vocational nursing students' critical thinking.

  13. What Factors Predict Undergraduate Students' Use of Technology for Learning? A Case from Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Chun; Wang, Qiu; Lei, Jing

    2012-01-01

    A sound understanding of technology use from the learners' perspective is crucial. This study intends to contribute to our understanding on student technology use by focusing on identifying the factors that influence students' adoption of technology for learning and the relationships between these factors. Students studying at a Hong Kong…

  14. Student understanding of the Boltzmann factor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Trevor I.; Mountcastle, Donald B.; Thompson, John R.

    2015-12-01

    [This paper is part of the Focused Collection on Upper Division Physics Courses.] We present results of our investigation into student understanding of the physical significance and utility of the Boltzmann factor in several simple models. We identify various justifications, both correct and incorrect, that students use when answering written questions that require application of the Boltzmann factor. Results from written data as well as teaching interviews suggest that many students can neither recognize situations in which the Boltzmann factor is applicable nor articulate the physical significance of the Boltzmann factor as an expression for multiplicity, a fundamental quantity of statistical mechanics. The specific student difficulties seen in the written data led us to develop a guided-inquiry tutorial activity, centered around the derivation of the Boltzmann factor, for use in undergraduate statistical mechanics courses. We report on the development process of our tutorial, including data from teaching interviews and classroom observations of student discussions about the Boltzmann factor and its derivation during the tutorial development process. This additional information informed modifications that improved students' abilities to complete the tutorial during the allowed class time without sacrificing the effectiveness as we have measured it. These data also show an increase in students' appreciation of the origin and significance of the Boltzmann factor during the student discussions. Our findings provide evidence that working in groups to better understand the physical origins of the canonical probability distribution helps students gain a better understanding of when the Boltzmann factor is applicable and how to use it appropriately in answering relevant questions.

  15. 高职生职业决策困难的影响因素及干预对策%The Influencing Factors and Intervention Countermea sures of Career Decision -Making Difficulties among Higher Vocational College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何付霞

    2013-01-01

      高职教育是我国教育事业的重要组成部分,但社会对职业教育的认同感仍然不足,这使高职生在职业选择时容易产生内心冲突,产生职业决策困难。分析高职生职业决策的影响因素并提出相应干预对策,有利于引导高职生做出科学地职业决策。%Higher vocational education is an important part of China's education, but social identity of vocational education is still inadequate, which leads higher vocational students' inner conflict in career choices, resulting in the career decision-mak-ing difficulties. Analyzing the factors influencing higher vocation-al students' career decision-making and proposing appropriate intervention measures will help guide higher vocational students to make scientific career decisions.

  16. 大学生网购行为现状及其影响因素研究%Study on the current situation and its influencing factors of College Students' online shopping behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李青

    2014-01-01

    随着网络的普遍应用,网购成了一种时尚潮流,越来越多的人们喜欢在网上购物,在这其中大学生成了主力军。研究通过调查问卷的方式,探究影响当代大学生网购的因素,意在了解当代大学生网购的情况,为更好地发展以大学生为主要消费群体的网购提供参考。%With the extensive use of the Internet, online shopping has become a fashion trend, more and more people like shopping on the Internet, in which the university become the main force. Research by questionnaire, explore the influencing factors of contemporary college students' online shopping, online shopping is to understand the situation of contemporary college students, to provide the reference for the better development of the students as the main consumer groups, online shopping.

  17. Cognition of Ethics of 352 Nursing Students and Its Influencing Factors%352名实习护生伦理认知水平及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔妙玲; 韦宇宁; 杨连招; 应燕萍; 赵琳; 李丽蓉

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand nursing students' cognition of ethics during clinical practice and explore its influencing factors. Methods A total of 352 nursing students were surveyed by self-designed Ethical Issue Scale then multiple linear regression was applied in the result analysis. Results The total score of nursing students' cognition of ethics was (45.78?.36), and the average score of each entry was (2.33?.48). Multivariate analysis showed that ethics cognition of nursing students was positively correlated with guidance of clinical teacher, nurses' behavior and education background (P<0.01). Conclusion The ethics knowledge of nursing students is up to the standard. Guidance of clinical teacher, nurse' s behavior and educational background influence nursing students' ethics.%目的 了解护生临床实习期间的伦理认知状况,探讨其影响因素,为临床实习带教及有效培养护生伦理道德素质提供参考.方法 采用自行设计的伦理认知问卷,对2012年1月在某三级甲等医院实习的352名护生进行调查.运用多重线性逐步回归分析实习护生伦理认知的影响因素.结果 实习护生的医学伦理认知水平总分(45.78±9.36)分,条目均分为(2.33±0.48)分;带教老师的示范行为、护士群体示范行为、护生受教育水平是护生伦理认知情况的独立影响因素(P<0.05).结论 实习护生总体伦理认知达标,对有明确规章制度规定、带教者一再强调的项目认知较好,而对道德原则有交叉冲突、临床实习较少讲授及经历的伦理问题认识不足.带教老师的教授行为及护士群体行为对护生的道德修养起潜移默化作用;护生受教育水平越高,伦理认知程度越好.

  18. Factors Influencing Learning Environments in an Integrated Experiential Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koci, Peter

    The research conducted for this dissertation examined the learning environment of a specific high school program that delivered the explicit curriculum through an integrated experiential manner, which utilized field and outdoor experiences. The program ran over one semester (five months) and it integrated the grade 10 British Columbian curriculum in five subjects. A mixed methods approach was employed to identify the students' perceptions and provide richer descriptions of their experiences related to their unique learning environment. Quantitative instruments were used to assess changes in students' perspectives of their learning environment, as well as other supporting factors including students' mindfulness, and behaviours towards the environment. Qualitative data collection included observations, open-ended questions, and impromptu interviews with the teacher. The qualitative data describe the factors and processes that influenced the learning environment and give a richer, deeper interpretation which complements the quantitative findings. The research results showed positive scores on all the quantitative measures conducted, and the qualitative data provided further insight into descriptions of learning environment constructs that the students perceived as most important. A major finding was that the group cohesion measure was perceived by students as the most important attribute of their preferred learning environment. A flow chart was developed to help the researcher conceptualize how the learning environment, learning process, and outcomes relate to one another in the studied program. This research attempts to explain through the consideration of this case study: how learning environments can influence behavioural change and how an interconnectedness among several factors in the learning process is influenced by the type of learning environment facilitated. Considerably more research is needed in this area to understand fully the complexity learning

  19. Influence of age, gender, urban and rural environments as well as physical activity factors on the eyesight of students%浙江省中小学学生视力影响因素的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶卫兵; 朱厚伟; 陈嵘

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过对浙江省中小学学生视力状况及其影响因素的调查,为提供保护学生视力指南提出科学依据。  方法:抽取6600名7~17岁浙江省中小学学生,对其视力、身体活动态度和时间、看电脑电视时间等相关因素进行调查。视力测量采用对数视力表。  结果:浙江省中小学学生视力不良的比例为71.1%,超过同省2005年的水平,也超过同期全国的平均水平。7~17岁学生视力不良比例随年龄增长而增加,9岁儿童视力不良比例增速最快,女生视力不良比例高于男生。小学生和初中生的视力不具有城乡差异,城市高中生视力优于乡镇高中生。学生对体育运动的态度、学生的体育运动时间等因素都与学生视力有正面的影响,看电视电脑的时间对视力的影响不具有显著性。  结论:年龄、性别、城市化发展因素都会影响学生视力发展,且身体活动因素对学生视力的正面作用值得关注。%AIM:To survey the eyesight status of students in the Zhejiang Province of China and its influencing factors, thereby providing a recommendation for eyesight protection of pupils. METHODS:Totally, 6600 school students aged from 7 to 17 in Zhejiang Province were included while their eyesight status in correlation with relevant factors such as physical activity attitude and duration spent with computer and TV were investigated. Visual inspection was performed by using standard logarithmic vision acuity charts. RESULTS: The prevalence of poor vision among high, middle and primary school students in China's Zhejiang Province has reached 71. 1%, exceeding its level of 2005 and also the national average level in the same period. The rate of poor vision among 7-17 years old students increased with age, being fastest in children aged 9 years old and the rate of poor vision in girls is higher than in boys. The eyesight of primary and junior school students was not significant

  20. 郴州市大学生感觉寻求的影响因素探讨%Investigation on Influencing Factors of Sensation Seeking in College Students in Chenzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成孟丽; 刘庆武; 周少平; 梁翔; 刘冬馥

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨郴州市不同背景大学生感觉寻求水平现状和影响因素. 方法 采用横断面设计,通过分层整群随机抽样方法,在郴州市某高校实施学生的感觉寻求问卷调查. 结果 本次调查共发放问卷620份,收回有效问卷609份,回收率为98.2%.高感觉寻求学生检出比例为33.0%,男生感觉寻求水平高于女生(感觉寻求总量表得分t=-6.346,P<0.05;兴奋与冒险寻求得分t=5.216,P<0.05;去抑制得分t=-12.572,P<0.01).来自农村的大学生去抑制分量表得分高于来自城镇的大学生(t=-2.631,P<0.01).来自单亲家庭的大学生感觉寻求总分(t=-2.573,P<0.05)和去抑制分量表得分(t=2.234,P<0.05)均高于来自双亲家庭的大学生.有留守儿童经历的大学生去抑制分量表得分高于无留守儿童经历的大学生(t=-2.642,P<0.01). 结论 性别、生源地、家庭类型(单亲/双亲)和有无留守儿童经历是郴州市大学生感觉寻求的影响因素.%Objective To investigate the status and influencing factors of sensation seeking in college students in Chenzhou city. Methods The college students were selected by randomly stratified cluster sampling in a college in Chenzhou city and surveyed on sensation seeking with questionnaire. Results Totally, 620 questionnaires were sent out and 609 were recovered, with a recovery rate of 98.2%. The high sensation seeking students accounted for 33.0% . The Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS) total score, Thrill and Adventure Scale (TAS) subscore and Disinhibition (Dis) subscore in males were significantly higher than those in females (t= -6.346, P<0.05; t = 5.216, P<0.05; t= -12.572, P<0.01, respectively). The Dis subscore of college students from rural areas was statistically higher than that of students from urban areas( t = - 2.631, P<0.01). The SSS total score and the Dis subscore of college students from single - parent families were both significantly higher than those of students from two

  1. 天津某理工科高校学生健康危险行为影响因素分析%Influencing factors to health risk behaviors among students in a science and technology university in Tianjin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海; 马迎华; 吕晓静; 庄丽丽; 吕晓辉; 田野; 宋娟

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the factors which influenced students' health risk behaviors, and to provide evidence for exploring the reasons to their health risk behaviors. Methods The Adolescent Health and Development Questionnaire was used to investigate the (actors. Science and engineering college students from a university of Tianjin were collected as research subjects by accidental sampling. Excluding the missing data, there were 268 subjects. Results Time for sports every week, attempt suicide, diet behavior and walk health risk behavior had no significant difference between boys and girls. The behaviors related to smoking and drinking were significant different in the rate between genders. The main influencing factors of these behaviors included personality system, perceived environment system, and behavior system. Expectations for success( OR = 0. 84) was a protect factor to reduce college students' smoking a whole cigarette, felt stress ( OR = 1. 18) was risk factors. Peer controls (OR = 0.50) was protect factors to reduce college students' smoking frequency , deviant behaviors ( OR = 1-36) were risk factors. Control from school [OR=0.S3) was a protect factor to adequate drinking, peer support ( OR- 1. 39) , etc, were risk factors. Peer support ( OR = 0. 84) , was a protect factors to reduce college students'drinking frequency. Models risk from school ( OR= 1.21) was risk factors. High self-esteem( OR=0.77) was protect factors to adequate exercise, felt stress (Ojt= 1. 19) was a risk factor. Study behavior (OR = 0. 88), etc, were protect factors to regular breakfast; Depression (OR= 1. 17) , etc, were risk factors. Study behavior (OR=0.83) , etc, were protect factors to avoid attempting suicide;Deviant behaviors (OR= 1.27) were risk factors. Peer models for health behavior ( OR = 0.65) were protect factors to safety walk, depression ( OR = 1. 16) was risk factors. Conclusion College school students' health risk behavior could be partially explained by problem

  2. Examining Factors Predicting Students' Digital Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatlevik, Ove Edvard; Guðmundsdóttir, Gréta Björk; Loi, Massimo

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine factors predicting lower secondary school students' digital competence and to explore differences between students when it comes to digital competence. Results from a digital competence test and survey in lower secondary school will be presented. It is important to learn more about and investigate what…

  3. Factors predicting dropout in student nursing assistants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Annemarie Lyng; Strøyer, Jesper; Ebbehøj, Niels Erik

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The dropout rate among student nursing assistants (NAs) in Danish health and social care education is high at >20%. AIMS: To explore if recent low back pain (LBP) history is a predictor of dropout among NA students, taking into account conventional risk factors for LBP, general health...

  4. 大學生與大學教師在資訊行為考量因素之比較研究 The Comparison Study of Factors Influencing Information Behaviors between the Undergraduate Students and Teachers in University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kang-Jiun Pern

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available 資訊行為是由資訊需求所衍生出一連串滿足需求的行為,其包含發現需求、尋求資訊管道、使用資訊、滿足需求。本研究旨在探究影響大學生資訊行為之考量因素及比較大學生與大學教師,其影響資訊行為之考量因素是否有所差異。透過文獻分析及因素分析,歸納出影響因素包含使用資訊的態度、助力與阻力、實體資訊篩選、社會影響、資訊蒐集、網路資訊篩選以及網路互動之七個構面並據此發展問卷。研究結果顯示,大學生與大學教師的資訊行為影響因素在「實體資訊篩選」、「網路資訊篩選」、及「網路互動」產生顯著差異。本文並根據研究結果,提出對於大學教師教學與大學生學習之建議及進行相關議題研討之參考。The purposes of this study were to explore the consideration factors of influencing undergraduate students’ information behavior, and to compare differences in consideration factors information behaviors between undergraduate students and teachers in university. Based on the literature review and principal component analysis, this study generalized 7 consideration factors, including (1 Attitude toward the information, (2 Barriers & Facilitating Conditions, (3 Physical Information Sifting, (4 Social Influences, (5Information Collecting, (6Internet Information Sifting, and (7 Interaction with others via internet. The results from t-tests indicated that there were differences in factors of「Information Collecting」、「Internet Information Sifting」and 「Interaction with others via internet」between undergraduate students and faculty. Based on the research result, the study provides several suggestions for faculty and undergraduate students in their teaching and learning.

  5. Motivational factors as predictors of student approach to learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassesen, Berit Irene

    Background and aim: Research indicates that both self-efficacy and test anxiety may influence student performance. There is also evidence to suggest that students´ approach to learn, i.e. whether they adopt a deep or surface approach influence learning outcome. There is, however, little research...... exploring the possible influences of self-efficacy and test anxiety on study behavior in higher education. Increasing our knowledge about these associations could improve our understanding of the processes and mechanisms involved in learning and academic performance. Methods: 1181 undergraduate and graduate...... and multivariate hierarchical regression analyses, adjusting for the remaining variables. Results: Both self-efficacy, test-anxiety, and perception of the teaching environment appeared to be strong independent predictors of student approaches to learning even when controlling for other motivational factors...

  6. Motivational factors as predictors of student approach to learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassesen, Berit Irene

    Background and aim: Research indicates that both self-efficacy and test anxiety may influence student performance. There is also evidence to suggest that students´ approach to learn, i.e. whether they adopt a deep or surface approach influence learning outcome. There is, however, little research...... exploring the possible influences of self-efficacy and test anxiety on study behavior in higher education. Increasing our knowledge about these associations could improve our understanding of the processes and mechanisms involved in learning and academic performance. Methods: 1181 undergraduate and graduate...... and multivariate hierarchical regression analyses, adjusting for the remaining variables. Results: Both self-efficacy, test-anxiety, and perception of the teaching environment appeared to be strong independent predictors of student approaches to learning even when controlling for other motivational factors...

  7. THE INFLUENCE OF CHOSEN SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC AND ECONOMIC FACTORS ON PREFERENCES AND BEHAVIOUR OF STUDENTS ON THE DAIRY PRODUCTS MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina Jąder

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to determine the infl uence of characteristics such as sex, place of origin and fi nancial situation on the preferences and behaviour of students on the dairy products market. The analysis was based on primary data from a survey, conducted among 200 students of the University of Life Sciences in Poznan. It was found that all the characteristics differentiate the behaviour of the students, but the greatest eff ect was observed in the case of sex. Women consume dairy products more often, and when it comes to consumption of milk they choose low-fat products. For women the most important are special off ers and nutrient contents, while male students choose dairy products often guided by their price. The place of origin mainly aff ected the frequency of milk consumption: the respondents, who come from villages and smaller towns declared the most frequent consumption. The fi nancial situation mainly infl uenced the consumption of dairy products: richer students consume more dairy products. When purchasing they pay attention mainly to the taste and brand of the products. 

  8. Queries, Influencers and Vocational Interests of Junior High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woal, S. Theodore

    1974-01-01

    The study, based on questionnaire results from 207 ninth grade students, investigates: student familiarity with occupations; influencers of their tentative occupational choices; post high school plans; and student queries and concerns pertinent to preparation for entry into a job. (MW)

  9. Why neurology? Factors which influence career choice in neurology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albert, Dara V; Hoyle, Chad; Yin, Han; McCoyd, Matthew; Lukas, Rimas V

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate the factors which influence the decision to pursue a career in neurology. An anonymous survey was developed using a Likert scale to rate responses. The survey was sent to adult and child neurology faculty, residents and fellows, as well as medical students applying for neurology. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the factors of influence. Respondents were subsequently categorized into pre-neurology trainees, neurology trainees, child neurologists and adult neurologists, and differences between the groups were analysed using Pearson's chi-square test. One hundred and thirty-three anonymous responses were received. The respondents were neurologists across all levels of training and practice. Across all respondents, the most common factor of high importance was intellectual content of specialty, challenging diagnostic problems, type of patient encountered and interest in helping people. Responses were similar across the groups; however, the earliest trainees cited interest in helping people as most important, while those in neurology training and beyond cite intellectual content of the specialty as most important. As trainees transition from their earliest levels of clinical experience into working as residents and faculty, there is a shift in the cited important factors. Lifestyle and financial factors seem to be the least motivating across all groups. Encouragement from peers, mentors, faculty and practicing physicians is considered high influences in a smaller number of neurologists. This may present an opportunity for practicing neurologists to make connections with medical students early in their education in an effort to encourage and mentor candidates.

  10. Prevalence Study on Internet Addiction among Middle School Students in Guiyang City and Analysis on the Influence Factors%贵阳市中学生网络成瘾现况调查及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宛筑; 邓冰

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To study the condition of internet addiction among middle school students in Guiyang city, and to explore the influencing factors, so as to provide reference for prevention and inter-vention of the problem. Methods: A sample of 3 571 students from ten middle schools in Guiyang city was collected with stratified cluster sampling method. A questionnaire survey was conducted among them. Results; In recent 6 months, 86. 1% of investigated students (2 875 people) had used inter-net, and 7. 2% of them (208 people) were addicted to internet. Among addicted students, males were more than females and junior students were more than senior students. The differences were significant (P <0. 01). The longer on line history, the higher on-line frequency, and the longer each on line time, the higher detection rates were. The differences were significant( P < 0. 01). Conclusions: More attention should be paid to the students'internet addiction problems in Guiyang city, and time on internet should be controlled to prevent internet addiction.%目的:了解贵阳市中学生网络成瘾情况并探讨其影响因素,为开展预防及干预中学生网络成瘾提供参考.方法:采用整群分层抽样抽取贵阳市10所中学3571名学生进行问卷调查.结果:近半年内有2875名学生使用过网络,占调查人数的86.1%,上网学生中有208人网络成瘾,占上网人数的7.2%,且男生检出率高于女生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);上网年限越长、频率越高、每次上网时间越长,检出率越高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:贵阳市中学生网络成瘾问题需引起重视,引导中学生合理控制上网时间,预防网络成瘾现象发生.

  11. 中学生B群人格共病偏离及影响因素调查研究%Cluster-B personality dysfunction with comorbidity and its influencing factors among middle school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈涛; 裴欢昌; 王鹏翀; 邢怡伦; 罗捷; 项锦晶

    2016-01-01

    To investigate Cluster-B personality dysfunction with comorbidity and its influencing factors among middle school students. 683 middle school students were assessed with a self-made general de-mographic questionnaire,Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4 +,Emotional Resiliency Scale for Adolescents,Resilience Scale of Adolescents,Self-Esteem Scale,and General Self-Efficacy Scale. The results showed that,among all the participants,70(12. 5%)showed a symptom of Cluster-B per-sonality dysfunction with comorbidity. The middle school students having Cluster-B personality dys-function with comorbidity had a lower score in resilience and emotional resilience(P ﹤0.05)but a higher score in self-esteem(P﹤0.001). The multiple logistic analyses showed that the family'sup-port( OR=0. 660 ,P﹤0.01 ),emotional control( OR=0. 444 ,P﹤0.001 )and emotional recovery ( OR=0. 575 ,P﹤0.01 )were main influencing factors of Cluster-B personality dysfunction with co-morbidity among middle school students.%采用一般资料调查问卷,人格诊断问卷(PDQ-4+),青少年情绪弹性问卷(ERSA),青少年心理弹性问卷(HKRA),一般自我效能感量表(GSES),自尊量表(SES)对683名中学生B群人格共病偏离的状况及影响因素进行调查研究.结果表明:中学生B群人格共病偏离人数为70人,占调查总数的12.5%;B群人格共病偏离中学生心理弹性5个维度,情绪弹性的2个维度得分均显著低于正常组(P﹤0.05),但在自尊得分显著高于正常组(P﹤0.001);多因素logistic回归分析结果显示,家庭支持(OR=0.660,P﹤0.01),情绪控制(OR=0.444,P﹤0.001)和情绪恢复能力(OR=0.575,P﹤0.01)是中学生B群人格共病偏离的主要影响因素.

  12. Influencing factors in MMR immunisation decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Marie C; Cox, Carol L

    Immunisation decision making is not a straightforward process for parents. Many factors influence parental decision making on whether they immunise their child with the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine. The feasibility study described in this article provides insight into influencing factors associated with decisions regarding the immunisation of children by parents. The study findings suggest that the practice nurse is a credible source of information for parents seeking informed decision making. At a time when the incidence of measles and mumps is rising in the UK, the provision of appropriate information by the practice nurse has the potential to increase uptake of the MMR vaccine.

  13. Factors Influencing Generation Y African Americans in Their Choice for College Education: An Empirical Case Study of Fort Valley State University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gyapong, Samuel K.; Smith, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    In an effort to assist a newly appointed Public Relations Officer to determine the most effective way to promote the institution to college-bound Generation Y African-Americans we offered to conduct a survey research of our current students. The results were very revealing and have been used successfully to increase enrollment to historically high…

  14. A Descriptive Study of the Factors Influencing the Degree to Which Fourth-, Fifth-, and Sixth-Grade Virtual Education Students Perceive a Sense of Virtual Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerth, Dana A.

    2013-01-01

    Review of literature revealed a shortage of research describing the development of K-12 virtual communities and the absence of a tool to measure sense of virtual community in K-12 virtual education students. The purpose of this descriptive, quantitative study was to examine the perception of a sense of virtual community from the perspective of…

  15. 中学生攻击行为及其影响因素路径分析%Path analysis of aggressive behavior and their influencing factors among middle school students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾璇; 姚荣英; 李红影; 李克勤

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the aggressive behaviors of middle school students and its influencing factors, so as to provide theoretical references for preventing and reducing the occurrence of teenagers' aggressive behavior. Methods Based on stratified, random cluster sampling method, 2 626 students of four schools in Bengbu were sampled. They were surveyed by Aggressive Questionnaire, Inventory of Parent Attachment, Interaction Anxiousness Scale and the Self-Esteem Scale. Results Junior high school students scored higher than senior high school students on parent-child attachment and explicit self-esteem, with statistical significant differences {P<0. 01 ). The boys' aggressive behaviors were higher than the girls', the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). The parent-child attachment influenced aggressive behaviors through interaction anxious-ness and explicit self-esteem. Conclusion The occurrence of middle school students' aggressive behavior can be prevented and reduced by improving parent-child relationship, reducing the anxiety level and improving the level of self-esteem.%目的 了解中学生攻击行为及其影响因素路径,为预防和减少青少年攻击行为的发生提供理论依据.方法 采用多阶段分层整群抽样,随机抽取安徽省蚌埠市4所中学2 626名中学生,采用攻击行为量表、亲子依恋量表、交往焦虑量表和外显自尊量表进行问卷调查.结果 初中生亲子依恋和外显自尊得分均高于高中生,差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.01);攻击行为得分男生高于女生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).交往焦虑和外显自尊在亲子依恋对攻击行为的影响中均起中介作用.结论 改善亲子关系、降低中学生的交往焦虑程度、提高自尊水平,可以预防和减轻中学生攻击行为的发生.

  16. Analysis of the influencing factors of nursing student-patient relationship and practice effectiveness in Yunnan province%云南省护生护患关系影响因素及其实习成效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田莹; 白阳娟; 胡秋兰; 马雪芩; 梁桂仙

    2015-01-01

    目的 调查我省护生护患关系现状,研究护生护患关系的影响因素及其实习成效.方法 采用多阶段分层整群抽样的方法,对在云南省2所三级甲等医院实习的483名护生进行问卷调查.结果 483名护生中,促进型关系379名占78.5%,权威型关系101名占20.9%,机械型关系3名占0.6%.其人口学特征和影响护生护患关系的因素在三种类型中差异无统计学意义,在实习成效方面,不同关系类型的实习护生在学生个人及专业成长、学生自信及自尊增长方面得分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).在学生个人及专业成长方面,权威型护生最低为(3.96±0.78)分,机械型护生、促进型护生则为(4.17±0.29)、(4.17±0.54)分,三者比较,F=4.82,P<0.01.在学生自信及自尊增长方面,促进型护生得分最高,为(4.01±0.59)分,三者比较,F-3.93,P<0.05.在患者健康促进及自护增强方面,三者比较差异无统计学意义.结论 从护生的角度看,护生护患关系大多为促进型关系,且促进型关系的护生通过实习,个人及专业成长、自信及自尊增长较明显.%Objective The aim of this study was to describe nursing student-patient relationship in Yunnan province,and study its influencing factors and practice effectiveness.Methods The multi-phase stratified cluster random sampling method was adopted to investigate 483 internship nursing students in two first class hospitals in Yunnan province.Results Among 483 nursing students,379 (78.5%) students belonged to facilitative relationship,101 (20.9%) students belonged to authoritative relationship,and 3 (0.6%) students belonged to mechanistic relationship.Sociodemographic data and factors related to three type of relationship showed no statistical significance among three types of nursing students.But student's personal and professional growth,student's increased confidence and self-esteem demonstrated statistical significance among three types of

  17. INFLUENCE FACTORS FOR LEASING MARKET CONTRACTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana BĂRBULESCU

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to investigate the relationship between leasing contracts and some factors that influence the value of these contracts. In order to do this, we have decided on some quantitative marketing research by appealing to statistics for accomplishing the objectives that we have set: to find a correlation between the turnover percentage assigned to leasing expenses and several influence factors. This study indicated that the more contracts are signed by a firm, the more likely is to assign a bigger fraction of the income to each new leasing contract. The study confirmed that bigger companies are relying more on leasing as a way of financing than small companies. This study also discovered that companies with more employees are using larger contracts in order to sustain their activity. The findings are expected to contribute to adjusting the offers by the leasing companies, taking into consideration these factors and to using these factors in order to better predict the market evolution.

  18. 大学生同性恋、双性恋及跨性别者认知调查%Status and influencing factors of attitude toward LGBT among college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张沛超; 迟新丽; 吴明霞; 王莎莎; 王健

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解大学生同性恋、双性恋及跨性别者(LGBT)的特点、对LGBT态度及影响因素,为大学生性教育提供科学依据.方法 问卷调查重庆和成都地区5所高校1 762名在校大学生,数据用SPSS 17.0软件分析.结果 在特点上,认为自己对同性有性吸引力占16.5%(219/1 762),与同性有过性接触占8.5%( 154/1 762),性别认同不一致占4.2% (74/1 762);在态度上,可以接受与同性发生性行为占12.4%(218/1 762),可以接受与跨性别者谈恋爱占12.6%( 222/1 762),可以接受跨性别者占16.8% (307/1 762),可以接受对同性产生性冲动占19.1%(347/1 762),可以接受同性恋者结婚占26.2% (461/1 762),认为双性恋符合社会世俗规范占28.9% (510/1 762),认为同性恋符合社会世俗规范占35.1% (618/1 762).结论 大学生中存在LGBT人群,但大学生对其普遍抱以消极和保守态度,其态度受性别、年级、生长地及父母受教育程度影响,不受性教育经历、专业及家庭结构影响;性别是父母受教育程度和生长地对LGBT态度影响的重要调节变量.%Objective To explore the status and influencing factors of attitude toward lesbian,gay, bisexality,and transgender(LGGT) among college stuldents and to provide implication for sex education in the students. Methods Totlly 1 762 college students fom 5 universities in Chongqing and Chengdu city were selected for the questionnaire survey. Results There were 219 students (16. 5% ) having homosexual attraction themselves, 154 (8. 5% ) reporting having homosexual contact, and 74 (4.2% ) reporting gender variant identity. Among the students, the percentage of reporting the acceptance was 12.4% (218) for having intercourse with the same sex, 12.6% (222) for having romantic love with transgender,16. 8% (207) for changing sex, 19. 1% (347) for having sex drive toward the same gender, 26. 2% (461) for homosexuality marriage, 28.9% (510) for bisexuality being accordant to

  19. 护理硕士研究生科研能力的非智力影响因素分析%The influence of nonintellectual factors on the research capacity of master nursing students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季丽丽; 范秀珍; 程敏; 杨柳

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨护理硕士研究生科研能力的非智力影响因素,为提高护理硕士研究生的科研能力提供依据.方法 采用护理人员科研能力自评量表、科研动机量表、大学生创新效能感量表和自行设计的一般资料问卷,对来自全国22所院校的354名护理硕士研究生进行调查.结果 护理硕士研究生科研能力总分为(73.95±16.25)分.分层回归分析表明,年级、内在科研动机、回避失败动机、外在科研动机、对灵活性的效能感和对流质性的效能感对护生的科研能力有显著影响(P<0.05),共解释护理硕士研究生科研能力43%的变异量.其中,回避失败动机和外在科研动机不仅直接预测科研能力,还以创新自我效能为中介变量间接影响科研能力,而内在科研动机则完全以创新自我效能为中介变量间接影响科研能力.结论 护理硕士研究生的科研能力有待进一步提升,护理教育者应结合其非智力影响因素合理地制订干预措施,促进护理硕士研究生科研能力的提高.%Objective To investigate the influence of nonintellectual factors on the research capacity of master nursing students. Methods A total of 354 master nursing students from 22 universities in China were investigated with Self-Rating Nursing Research Capacity Questionnaire, Research Motivation Scale,Creative Self-efficacy Scale for Chinese College Students and self-designed general information questionnaire. Results The total score of research capacity of master nursing students was 73.95±16.25. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that grade, intrinsic research motivation, failure avoidance, extrinsic research motivation, self-efficacy of flexibility and self-efficacy of fluidity had significant influence on the research capacity, which could explain 43% of the variance of research capacity. Creative self-efficacy completely mediated the relationship between intrinsic research motivation and

  20. A Comparative Study of Digital Library Use: Factors, Perceived Influences, and Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ziming; Luo, Lili

    2011-01-01

    This study explores the extent to which undergraduate and graduate students in China differ in their digital library use. Unlike the factors promoting digital library use, non-use factors, perceived influences, and degree of satisfaction are quite different between undergraduate and graduate students due to their differing emphases and…

  1. 某师范院校大学生孤独感现状及相关因素研究%College students'loneliness status and its correlative influence factors at a certain normal college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈宏伟; 胡传来; 张蕤; 魏建新

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨大学生孤独感现况及其影响因素.方法 对安徽某师范学院在读大学生的一般情况、家庭和人口统计学特征进行调查,同时采用UCLA孤独量表和家庭环境量表(FES-CV)进行心理学测试.结果 该学校大学生的孤独感评分较高,大学生孤独感评分在性别、是否独生子女、家庭收入、文理科组、母亲文化程度组间差异有统计学意义,相关分析显示孤独感得分与家庭环境各维度之间均存在相关性(P<0.01).大学生孤独感与相关因素多类别Logistic回归分析示,性别、母亲文化程度和家庭环境量表FES-CV中亲密度、控制性维度、情感表达、矛盾性、娱乐性和组织性维度具有统计学意义.结论 学校和家庭都应关注大学生孤独感现象,并实施心理疏导.%Objective To explore college students'loneliness status and its correlative influence factors. Methods A total of 1 181 nor-mal college students in Northern Annul Province were recruited, tor investigation on risk factors of fonefiness by designed Questionnaire and loneliness status with UCLA loneliness scale and family environment scale(FES-CV) . Results The loneliness scores were significantly higher in college students than those of National Norm. With univariate analysis,female,major in liberal arts,maternal education level were statistically significant risk factors. Correlation analysis showed that loneliness score was correlated with all the family environment dimension(P <0. 01) . Multi-category logistic regression analysis showed that there were statistically significant variables in gender, maternal education level, and cohesion, control, expressiveness, conflict, active-recreational orientation, and organization dimensions of FES-CV. Conclusion It is suggested that colleges and families should be responsible for improving students'loneliness by provision of psychological counseling.

  2. 护理本科生核心能力相关影响因素研究%The level and influencing factors of baccalaureate nursing students' core competency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彦慧; 廖瑞雪

    2014-01-01

    目的 了解本科护理学生核心能力现状,探讨影响其核心能力的影响因素,为提高护生的核心能力水平,促进护理事业的可持续发展提供科学依据.方法 2013年5~6月,采用方便抽样的方法,抽取天津市三级甲等医院实习的本科护理实习生280名为调查对象,采用Li-Ling Hsu等编制的护生核心能力量表(CINS)进行调查,对影响护理本科生核心能力的相关因素进行分析.结果 本科护生核心能力水平为(5.379±0.744)分,其中,得分最高的是道德和责任能力维度(5.840±0.827)分,得分最低的是批判性思维能力维度(4.794±1.105)分.多元回归方程结果显示,曾认真完成作业及准备考试对护生核心能力影响最大,其次为毕业后最想服务的单位及性别.结论 本科护生的核心能力水平有待进一步的提高,护理教育者和管理者应该重视对护生核心能力的培养,针对影响本科护生核心能力的相关影响因素,制定提高护生核心能力的策略,提高本科护生的核心能力水平.%Objective To investigate the level and influencing factors of baccalaureate nursing students' core competency,and supply scientific reference for sustainable development of nursing career.Methods From May to June 2013,totally 280 baccalaureate nursing students from a third-level hospital in Tianjin were tested by the Chinese version of CINS edited by Li-Ling Hsu.Results The score of nursing students' core competency was (5.379±0.744),and the highest score was the moral and responsibility ability dimension (5.840 ±0.827),the lowest score was the critical thinking ability dimension (4.794 ± 1.105).Multiple linear regression analysis showed that ever finishing homework and preparing for the exam carefully,deciding the service units after graduation and gender were the influencing factors of nursing students' core competency.Conclusions Nursing students' core competency needs to be further improved

  3. A factor analysis to detect factors influencing building national brand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naser Azad

    Full Text Available Developing a national brand is one of the most important issues for development of a brand. In this study, we present factor analysis to detect the most important factors in building a national brand. The proposed study uses factor analysis to extract the most influencing factors and the sample size has been chosen from two major auto makers in Iran called Iran Khodro and Saipa. The questionnaire was designed in Likert scale and distributed among 235 experts. Cronbach alpha is calculated as 84%, which is well above the minimum desirable limit of 0.70. The implementation of factor analysis provides six factors including “cultural image of customers”, “exciting characteristics”, “competitive pricing strategies”, “perception image” and “previous perceptions”.

  4. Relationship between junior high school students with internet addiction and its influencing factors%初中生网络成瘾现状及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏林雁; 高雪屏; 肖茜; 曹枫林; 冯哲

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解初中生网络成瘾(IA)状况及其影响因素,为学生网络成瘾的防治提供参考.方法采用Young网络成瘾诊断问卷(YDQ),网络使用情况问卷,冲动量表,青少年网络成瘾预测问卷,儿童行为量表,IOWA Conners父母、教师评定量表,对方便抽取的长沙市1 183名初中生进行调查.结果 IA组共108例,患病率为9.13%.IA组上网时间1a以上、每周上网10 h以上、经常在网吧上网报告率显著高于对照组.IA组父母、教师、学生评分和对照组之间差异均有统计学意义.Lostic回归分析发现,男生、每周上网10 h以上、上网年限1 a以上、在网吧上网、违纪行为、注意缺陷/多动、焦虑是网络成瘾的危险因素,学习绩效是网络成瘾的保护因素.结论 IA初中生存在着更多的行为、情绪、学习问题,其与网络使用特点交互作用是造成网络成瘾的主要原因.%Objective To investigate the prevalence of Internet Addiction (1A) for junior high school students, and to explore the influencing factors of 1 A. Methods A convenient sampling method was conducted to choose 1 183 junior high school students in Changsha city. By using Youngs Diagnostic Questionnaire for Internet Addiction(VDQ) , Barnm Impulsivity Scale( BIS -11), Internet Addiction Predict Test for Adolescents (IAPT), Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklists) CBCL) and Conners Inattention/Overactivity with Aggression! IOWA) for parents and teachers, all the participants were questionnaired. Results There were 108 students meeting YDQ criterion and the prevalence rate was 9. 13% , and they were taken as LA group. Students of IA group who use Internet more than one year, spent more than 10 hours on the Internet per week and mainly got online in the Internet cafes were observably higher than control group. There was significant difference was found between the IA group and the control group assessed by parents, teachers or students own. Logistic analysis

  5. On factors influencing students’ listening abilities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡天秀

    2012-01-01

    As we all know,listening,speaking,reading,and writing are four basic skills in language teaching and learning.Listening plays an important role in improving other skills.There are some factors influencing students’ listening abilities.So it’s important for teachers to improve students’ listening abilities.

  6. Factors influencing laser cutting of wood

    Science.gov (United States)

    V.G. Barnekov; C.W. McMillin; H.A. Huber

    1986-01-01

    Factors influencing the ability of lasers to cut wood may be generally classified into these three areas: 1) characteristics of the laser beam; 2) equipment and processing variables; and 3) properties of the workpiece. Effects of beam power, mode, polarization, and stability are discussed as are aspects of optics, location of focal point, feed speed, gas-jet assist...

  7. Factors influencing the process of farm liquidation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michał Dudek

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In the paper the logit analysis was used in order to define the factors influencing farm liquidation. The prevalence of this phenomenon and its regional differences were analysed. Significant and negative impact of the number of people in a family farm and the number of machinery and technical equipment, as well as the positive impact of the farmer’ age are reported.

  8. 护理实习生人际交往效能感的调查分析%The level and influencing factors of nursing students' sense of interpersonal relations efficacy during clinical practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔祎; 戈晓华; 章雅青

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the level and influencing factors of nursing students' interpersonal relations efficacy during clinical practice. Method Totally 81 full-time baccalaureate nursing students in grade four and 91 full-time associate degree nursing students in grade three were recruited from 8 universities by convenience sampling method. They were investigated with the College Students Sense of Interpersonal Relations Efficacy Questionnaire. Results The average score of interpersonal relations efficacy was (14428± 1537) points. There was significant difference between male and female students(P0,05). Conclusion Nursing students need to shape good individual characters and the teachers should improve the curriculum design to train nurses with skills in interpersonal interaction.%目的 调查护理实习生人际交往效能感现状,并分析其在性别、学历等一般资料上的差异.方法 方便抽取8所护理院校(系)全日制四年级本科生81名和三年级大专生91名,采用大学生人际交往效能感问卷对其进行调查.结果 护理实习生人际交往效能感得分为(144.28±15.37)分;人际交往效能感得分在学历、生源地、家庭来源、临床实习时间等方面差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),但在性别上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 护理实习生人际交往效能感有待提高.护理实习生应注重塑造良好的个性品质,而学校应完善课程设置,培养学生人际交往的相关技巧.

  9. 护理本科生沟通技能态度及影响因素调查研究%Undergraduate nursing students' attitudes towards communication skills and the influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚桂兰; 李节; 刘丹; 王成爽; 高敏; 杨阳; 毛靖

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解护理本科生沟通技能态度现状并分析其影响因素.方法 采用方便取样,应用一般资料问卷和中文版沟通技能态度量袁对192名护理本科生进行调查.结果 护理本科生沟通技能正性态度得分为50.00±6.00,负性态度得分为34.51±4.73.实践经历较多、自觉其沟通技能有待提高、热爱护理专业的学生倾向于有较强烈的正性态度;男生有较强烈的负性态度.结论 护理本科生对沟通技能的态度较积极.实践经历、自评沟通技能、是否热爱护理专业及性别影响学生对沟通技能的态度.%Objective To investigate undergraduate nursing students' attitudes towards communication skills and to explore the influencing factors. Methods Totally, 192 undergraduate nursing students were investigated with a demographic questionnaire and the Chinese version Communication Skills Attitude Scale. Results Undergraduate nursing students scored 50. 00±6. 00 in positive attitudes towards communication skills learning and 34. 51 ± 4. 73 in negative attitudes. Students who had more practice experiences, who needed to improve communication skills, and who loved nursing profession, tended to have more positive attitudes; male students tended to hold negative attitudes. Conclusion Undergraduate nursing students' attitudes towards communication skills are positive in general and are associated with their practice experiences, self-assessment of communication skills, whether or not to love the nursing profession, and gender.

  10. Social Factors Influencing Child Health in Ghana.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Quansah

    Full Text Available Social factors have profound effects on health. Children are especially vulnerable to social influences, particularly in their early years. Adverse social exposures in childhood can lead to chronic disorders later in life. Here, we sought to identify and evaluate the impact of social factors on child health in Ghana. As Ghana is unlikely to achieve the Millennium Development Goals' target of reducing child mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015, we deemed it necessary to identify social determinants that might have contributed to the non-realisation of this goal.ScienceDirect, PubMed, MEDLINE via EBSCO and Google Scholar were searched for published articles reporting on the influence of social factors on child health in Ghana. After screening the 98 articles identified, 34 of them that met our inclusion criteria were selected for qualitative review.Major social factors influencing child health in the country include maternal education, rural-urban disparities (place of residence, family income (wealth/poverty and high dependency (multiparousity. These factors are associated with child mortality, nutritional status of children, completion of immunisation programmes, health-seeking behaviour and hygiene practices.Several social factors influence child health outcomes in Ghana. Developing more effective responses to these social determinants would require sustainable efforts from all stakeholders including the Government, healthcare providers and families. We recommend the development of interventions that would support families through direct social support initiatives aimed at alleviating poverty and inequality, and indirect approaches targeted at eliminating the dependence of poor health outcomes on social factors. Importantly, the expansion of quality free education interventions to improve would-be-mother's health knowledge is emphasised.

  11. Influence factors of students malnutrition from a university in Shijingshan District of Beijing%北京市石景山区某大学学生营养不良的影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧霞

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the influence factors of students malnutrition from a university in Shijingshan District of Beijing. Methods 300 cases students from a university in Shijingshan District of Beijing were collected from Febru-ary 2014 to June 2015 as the research objects. There were 30 cases of male students, and 270 cases of female students, aged from 18 to 22. Questionnaire and physical examination were done. Based on the nutritional status, all the students were divided into the malnutuitin group and normal group. Then the nutritional status of the two groups students and the influence factors were analyzed by statistics. Results 81 cases had malnutrition among 300 students, the proportion was 27.0%. Logistic regression analysis found that female (P=0.005), living expenses insufficient (P=0.034), low basal metabolic rate (P=0.009), low body fat mass (P=0.012), low limbs fat (P=0.024), low trunk fat (P=0.015), bad appetite (P=0.031), lack of physical activity (P=0.035), like to eat sweet food (P=0.042) and dietary bias (P=0.006) were the in-dependent risk factors of malnutrition in college students. Conclusion The detection rate of malnutrition is high in stu-dents from a university in Shijingshan District of Beijing. Gender, cost for living, basal metabolic rate, quality of body fat, limbs fat mass, trunk fat, appetite, every day's exercise, like sweets food and dietary bias all influence the nutri-tional status of the college students. Comprehensive intervention should be taken for malnourished college students by improving their lifestyle.%目的:探讨北京市石景山区某大学学生营养不良的相关影响因素。方法2014年2月~2015年6月收集北京市石景山区某大学学生300名为研究对象,其中,男30名,女270名,年龄18~22岁。对所选学生进行调查问卷及体格检查,依据学生的营养状况分为营养不良组与正常组,然后对两组研究对象的营养状况及其影响因素

  12. Factors influencing dependence on mobile phone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad-Hossein Biglu

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The purpose of current study was to investigate the relationship between the problematic use of mobile phone and Big Five personality traits among students of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in Tabriz, Iran. Methods: A total number of 120 students (80 females and 40 males were selected by applying proportional randomized classification sampling method from Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. The Mobile Phone Problematic Use Scale (MPPUS and demographic questionnaire were used to gather data. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: Analysis of gathered data showed that gender, neuroticism, extraversion, and openness to experience had positive correlation with the problematic use of mobile phone, whereas conscientiousness and agreeableness were not correlated with the problematic use of mobile phone. Conclusion: The evaluation of Big Five personality traits would be a reliable factor for predicting the problematic use of mobile phone among students.

  13. Ergonomic Factors and Student Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Andrew

    1990-01-01

    Results of a survey of computer users in a department of business studies in a college of further education in the United Kingdom focus on human factors problems associated with computer usage. Perceptions of health-related problems are explored, and findings from questionnaires and group discussions are described. (Nine references) (LRW)

  14. Problem solving III: factors influencing classroom problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayonara Salvador Cabral da Costa

    1997-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a review of the literature in the area of problem solving, particularly in physics, focusing only on factors that influence classroom problem solving. Fifty-seven papers have been analyzed in terms of theoretical basis, investigated factors/methodology and findings/relevant factors, which were organized in a table that served as support for a synthesis made by the authors. It is the third of a four-paper series reviewing different aspects of the problem solving subject.

  15. The influence factors of college students' entrepreneurial mode selection——Investigation and analysis based on Changzhou science and education city vocational college students%大学生创业模式选择的影响因素研究——基于常州科教城高职院校大学生的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆霞

    2015-01-01

    对大学生成就目标性、冒险性这两种影响因素对大学生创业模式选择的作用机理进行了实证分析.研究结果表明:大学生成就目标性对其创业模式选择具有显著影响,且成就目标性越高,越可能选择单独创业的创业模式;而大学生冒险性对创业模式选择的影响没有得到验证.研究结论对进一步探索创业模式选择影响因素的作用机制研究具有一定的参考价值,也丰富了现有的创业研究,对如何有效指导我国大学生创业者选择合适的创业模式也具有一定的启示意义.%This paper analyzes the colege students' goal-oriented achievement, adventure, these two kinds of influence factors on colege students' entrepreneurial model selection. The results show that the college students' goal-oriented achievement has significant effects on its business mode choice, and the higher the goal-oriented achievement, the more one may choose to start business alone; and the risk of university students for the startup mode selection did not get the influence of validation. Research conclusion to further explore the mechanism of action of factors influencing business model choice study has certain reference value, and enrich the existing entrepreneurship research, how to effectively guide the colege students in China entrepreneurs to choose the right business model also has the certain enlightenment significance.

  16. 北京市房山区中学生烟草使用行为的影响因素%Influencing factors of tobacco use behavior among students in Fangshan District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘天军

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the tobacco use behavior among students in Fangshan District of Beijing City, and provide scientific evidence for developing effective control measures. [Methods]Two phase stratified cluster random sampling method and the" Tobacco Surveillance Questionnaire for School Population of Beijing City ( middle school students ) " provided by the Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention were adopted to investigate 757 students of 24 classes in 8 middle schools. [ Results] The smoking rate of middle school students was 3.7%. Only 55.6% of the students knew that" smoking is harmful to health whether smoke was inhaled into the lungs or not, " ;74.1% of smoking students knew" occasional smoking was harmful to health " ;37% smoking students thought " smoking was independent performance" ; 33. 3% students thpught that " smoking was cool and awesome" ; 88.9% smoking students' parents also smoke; 92.6% students' family members smoke in front of them; 92.6% smoking students recognized even the best students were smoking; 66. 7% smoking students saw smoking scenes in movies and TV. [Conclusion]The causes and influencing factors of middle school students smoking are personal factors, peer influence, adult advertised role and social atmosphere, etc. The widespread phenomenon of smoking in family, school and society has great impact on youth smoking. Therefore, the youth tobacco control should implement from family, school, society and other aspects.%目的 了解北京市房山区中学生烟草使用行为的影响因素,为制定有效的控烟措施提供科学依据.方法 采取二阶段分层整群随机抽样法,采用北京市疾病预防控制中心提供的“北京市学校人群烟草监测调查问卷(中学生)”,对全区8所中学24个班级757名学生进行问卷调查.结果 中学生吸烟率为3.7%.仅有55.6%的吸烟中学生知道“吸烟时不将烟雾吸入肺中,也会危害健康”、74.1%的吸烟中学生知道

  17. Factors Impacting Student Service Utilization at Ontario Colleges: Key Performance Indicators as a Measure of Success: A Niagara College View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veres, David

    2015-01-01

    Student success in Ontario College is significantly influenced by the utilization of student services. At Niagara College there has been a significant investment in student services as a strategy to support student success. Utilizing existing KPI data, this quantitative research project is aimed at measuring factors that influence both the use of…

  18. Factors that influence women's dispositions toward science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atria, Catherine Graczyk

    Females have been underrepresented in the study of science and science careers for decades although advancements have been made in closing this gender gap, the gap persists particularly in the physical sciences. Variables which influence a woman's desire to pursue and maintain a science course of study and career must be discovered. The United States lags behind other industrialized countries in the fields of science, math, and engineering. Females comprise an estimated half of the population; their potential contributions cannot be ignored or overlooked. This retrospective research study explores the personal experiences of ten women enrolled in science majors, with science related career plans. The goal of this study is to describe the factors that influence the participants' interest in science. The findings, the effect of science coursework, science teachers' personality and manner, other influential educational personnel, role models and mentors, external influences exclusive of school, parental influence, locus of control and positive attitudes toward science confirm what other researchers have found.

  19. Influencing Factors and Preventive Measures of Extreme Incidents of Psychological Crisis of College Students%大学生极端心理危机事件影响因素及干预对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘超

    2012-01-01

    当前大学生群体心理健康状况堪忧,大学生极端心理危机事件案例近年来呈现多发趋势,引起社会普遍关注。高校、家庭和社会应共同关注大学生心理健康,分析大学生极端心理危机事件发生的内部和外部影响因素,总结研究预防规律,建立完善的预防和应对机制,有针对性地采取干预对策。%With the situation of psychological health of college students deteriorates day by day, campus extreme incidents of psychological crisis have increased amazingly in recent years, thus inviting more and more attention. Universities and colleges should pay more attention to the psychological health of college students with families and society together, analyze the influencing factors which lead to the campus extreme incidents of psychological crisis from both interior and exterior aspects, summarize and make studies about the preventive rules, construct perfect system of prevention and response, and finally take intervening measures.

  20. Sleeping quality and its Influencing factors among university students In Tianjin%天津市大学生睡眠质量及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢娟; 吴小燕; 张晓颖; 朱红

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解天津市大学生睡眠质量状况及其影响因素,为采取干预措施提供参考依据.方法 采用分层随机整群抽样方法,应用自行设计调查表和匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(PSQI)中国修订版调查表对天津市抽取的3207名在校大学生进行问卷调查.结果 PSQI平均得分为(4.76±2.55)分;有49.08%的学生睡眠质量好,37.70%的学生睡眠质量一般,13.22%的学生睡眠质量差;多因素累积比数Logistic回归分析结果表明,女性、每日学习时间≥8 h、现在饮酒、自觉学习效果一般、不太好和不好是影响天津市大学生睡眠质量的危险因素;大学4年级、家庭人均月收入≥1000元是影响天津市大学生睡眠质量的保护因素.结论 天津市大学生睡眠质量较差;性别、年级、每日学习时间、自觉学习效果、家庭人均月收入和现在饮酒是天津市大学生睡眠质量的主要影响因素.%Objective To know sleeping quality and its influencing factors among university students in Tianjin. Methods Using multistage random cluster sampling and Pittsburgh Sleeping Quality Index(PSQI) ,the sleeping quality and its influencing factors such as gender, grade, online time, study time, perceived academic performance, and living environment were evaluated among 3 207 undergraduates in Tianjin city. Results The mean score of PSQI was 4. 76 ± 2.55 and the prevalence of poor sleeping was 13. 22%. The cumulative logistic regression analysis showed that female( odds ratio [OR] = 1.34,P = 0.000), study time ≥8 hours per day(OR = 1.47,P = 0.000), study time≥ 10 hours per day ( OR = 1.79, P = 0. 000), study time ≥ 12 hours per day ( OR = 2. 77, P = 0. 000), normal self-perceived learning efficiency ( OR = 1. 90, P = 0. 008 ), bad self-perceived learning efficiency ( OR = 2. 73, P = 0. 000 ), worse self-perceived learning efficiency ( OR = 3. 29, P= 0. 002), and alcohol drinking ( OR = 1.33, P = 0. 005 ) were the risk factors of

  1. 南通市2010年小学生肥胖现状及影响因素分析%ANALYSIS OF THE PREVALENCE OF OBESITY AND ITS INFLUENCE FACTORS AMONGPRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN NANTONG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆青云; 肖静; 卫东; 徐鹏; 印丹怡

    2012-01-01

    [目的]了解南通市小学生单纯性肥胖的流行情况,探讨影响儿童肥胖的相关因素.[方法]采用分层整群随机抽样的方法,收集南通市区及所辖市县1~6年级7所小学15972名小学生身高、体重资料,并对肥胖相关影响因素进行多因素Logistic回归分析.[结果]南通市小学生超重检出率为8.40%,肥胖检出率为4.77%,其中城镇肥胖率为5.76%(男7.75%,女3.32%),乡村肥胖率为3.42%(男4.31%,女2.35%),城镇小学生肥胖率高于乡村小学生(P< 0.001).无论城市或乡村小学生男生肥胖率均高于女生(P<0.01).南通市小学生单纯性肥胖危险因素有:父亲超重肥胖,母亲超重肥胖,家庭人均月收入高,出生体重>4 kg,食欲好,进食桐度快,常吃甜饮料.保护因素有:母亲文化程度是大学或以上文化,经常进行户外活动.[结论]南通市小学生肥胖发生与环境因素与遗传因素关系密切,提示在小学阶段采取健康教育、运动锻炼及饮食调整等综合措施方面进行干预,为成年后的生命质量奠定良好的基础.%[Objective] To understand the status of obesity among primary school students in Nantong, and to discuss the influencing factors of obesity. [Methods] A total of 15 972 Students were chosen by cluster sampling from 7 Primary School in Nantong city including city and country, the data about weight and high were collected from physical examination was conducted among the pupils. We analyzed the influencing factors of obesity based on multivariate Logistic regression. [ Results] The prevalence rate of overweight among primary school students in Nanlong was 8.40% and obesity was 4.77%, The obesity rate of the pupils in city was 5.76%, the proportions of males and females were 7.75% and 3.32%, respectively, The rate of obesity in country was 3.42%, and was for the male was 4.31% and female was 2.35%. The risk factors of obesity- were father overweight or obesity, mother

  2. Uncovering Factors Influencing Interpersonal Health Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donné, Lennie; Jansen, Carel; Hoeks, John

    2017-01-01

    Talking to friends, family, or peers about health issues might, among other things, increase knowledge of social norms and feelings of self-efficacy in adopting a healthier lifestyle. We often see interpersonal health communication as an important mediating factor in the effects of health campaigns on health behavior. No research has been done so far, however, on factors that influence whether and how people talk about health issues without being exposed to a health campaign first. In this exploratory study, we interviewed 12 participants about their communication behavior concerning six different health themes, like smoking and exercising. The results suggest that at least four types of interpersonal health communication can be distinguished, each influenced by different factors, like conversational partner and objective of the conversation. Future research should take this diversity of interpersonal health communication into account, and focus on designing health campaigns that aim to trigger dialogue within target populations.

  3. Theoretical difference between impact factor and influence factor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đilda Pečarić

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Bibliometric constructions of "knowledge maps" and "cognitive structures of science" do not differentiate between impact and influence factors. The difference can be constructedaccording to different meaning and interpretation of the terms reference and citation. Reference is "acknowledgment which one author gives to another", whereas citation is "acknowledgment which one document receives from another". Development of Information Science according to period and subject area is analyzed on the corpus of citation literature retrieved from doctoral dissertations in Information Science from 1978 to 2007 at Croatian universities. The research aim is to indicate the difference between document impact factor and author's influence factor (i.e. reference ability to produce effects on actions, behavior, and opinions of authors of doctoral theses. The influence factor serves to distinguish the key role of cited authors in time and according to the duration of the influence (the average age for cited papers of dominant authors in different periods is between eight and ten years. The difference between linear and interactive communication seems vital for the interpretation of cited half-life, i.e. the attitude of one science community towards used information resources and cognitive heritage. The analyzed corpus of 22,210 citations can be divided into three communication phases according to influence factor criteria: in the phase of dialogue and interactive communication 25% of bibliographic units are cited in the first four years; in the second phase another 25% of units are cited from the fifth to the ninth year; after ten years, in the dominant linear communication phase, approximately 30% of units are cited.

  4. Career choices and what influences Nepali medical students and young doctors: a cross-sectional study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hayes, Bruce W; Shakya, Rabina

    2013-01-01

    .... The aim of this study was to understand medical career choices and the factors that influence medical students' and young doctors' career choices in Nepal and to understand what would encourage them...

  5. ~ Factors and Enlightenment of the Influences from the Intemet on College Students' Thoughts and Behaviou--A Sampling Survey of College Students in Guangxi%互联网影响大学生思想行为的因素及其启示——基于广西高校大学生的抽样调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戚杰强; 张荣军

    2012-01-01

    ased on a sample survey about the 242 college students' use of the Irtemett in Guangxi,this paper points out that the factors which influence college students' thoughts and behaviour are the web sites, the individual characterizes and the time quantity surfing on the Intemet. The more the college students visit shopping web sites, search sites and micro - hlog sites, the more likely their thoughts and behavior are influenced negatlvely;the younger they are,the lower grade they are in,the more likely their thoughts and behavior are influenced negative- ly;liberal arts students are more likely to be influenced negatively than science students;the only child in family is more likely to be influenced negatively than the students who have brothers and sisters;the more they surf on the Iutemet,tho more negative influence on them from the In- ternet. The author proposes some enlightenment in the ideological and polltical education by analysing how the Intemet influences college stu- dents' thoughts and behaviours.%在广西高校242名大学生使用互联网状况的调查资料基础上回归分析,结果表明:互联网影响大学生思想行为的因素是网站、个体特征、上网时间数量。大学生越是经常浏览购物网站、搜索网站和“微博”网站,互联网对其思想行为的负面影响就越大;大学生的年龄越小、年级越低,互联网对其思想行为的负面影响就越大;人文社科类专业的大学生比理工农医类专业的大学生更容易受到互联网的负面影响;独生子女大学生比非独生子女大学生更容易受到互联网的负面影响;大学生上网时间越长,互联网对其思想行为的负面影响就越大。分析互联网影响大学生思想行为的因素可以给予大学生思想政治教育以启发。

  6. 北京市大学生婚前性行为影响因素分析%Influencing factors of premarital intercourse among the college students in Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马莎; 郭静; 杜正芳

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析北京市大学生婚前性行为影响因素,为高校开展学生生殖健康教育工作提供参考依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法,对北京市6所高校1187名在校未婚大学生进行生殖健康知信行的问卷调查,统计分析采用单因素分析和二分类Logistic回归分析.结果 1187名调查对象中,有性行为者占13.80%.有性行为者对紧急避孕措施的知晓率最高(87.10%),其次为安全套的使用时机(85.81%),能够准确计算出安全期最低(44.44%),这3项的知晓率均高于无性行为者,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).有性行为者能够接受“婚前性行为”(65.22%)、“未婚同居”(85.63%)和“未婚先孕”(32.50%)的比例均高于无性行为者,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).多因素Logistic回归分析中性别、年级和对非婚性行为的态度是大学生婚前性行为的影响因素,男生发生性行为的比例高于女生(0R=3.5),大二、大三、大四学生和研究生发生性行为的比例均高于大一学生(OR分别为6.2,4.7,8.5,9.2),可以接受非婚性行为者发生性行为的比例高于不可以接受者(OR=11.8).结论 有必要在高校普遍开展针对不同性别和年级学生的生殖健康教育工作,同时注重大学生道德教育.%Objective To analyze the influencing factors of the college students' premarital sex behavior in Beijing, and provide a reference for the university students reproductive health education. Methods Through the stratified cluster sampling method, a questionnaire survey was conducted in 1187 unmarried college students from 6 universities in Beijing. The questionnaire contents included reproductive related knowledge, attitude and premarital intercourse. Single factor analysis and Binary Logistic Regression were used for statistic analysis. Results The premarital sex percentage in 1187 respondents was 13. 80%. The highest awareness was about emergency contraception in respondents

  7. 护生照顾濒死患者的态度及其影响因素%Attitudes toward Caring for Terminally Ill Patients and Influencing Factors in Nursing Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季丽丽; 杨柳; 程敏; 范秀珍

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究护生照顾濒死患者的态度及其影响因素,为教育者制定针对性的死亡教育策略提供依据.方法 采用照顾濒死患者态度量表、死亡恐惧量表和自行设计的一般资料问卷,对山东省某高校220名护生进行调查.结果 护生照顾濒死患者态度的总分为(2.89±0.46)分,除在"专业性能力"和"专业性挑战"两方面态度较积极之外,总体及其余各方面态度均处于消极状态,其中以谈论死亡最为消极;死亡恐惧总分为(2.67±0.76)分.对他人死亡的恐惧、家中谈论死亡的氛围、印象中最深刻的死亡经历、罹患重病经历和阅读死亡方面文章对护生照顾濒死患者的态度有显著影响(P<0.05).结论 护生照顾濒死患者的态度有待进一步改善,护理教育者应结合已知影响因素合理设置死亡教育课程,以促进护生发展积极的濒死患者照顾态度.%Objective To explore the attitudes and influencing factors of nursing students toward caring for terminally ill patients,so as to provide the evidence for nursing trainers to make a point of taking death education stratedy. Methods A total of 220 nursing students were investigated with the health care professionals' experiences and attitudes toward death and dying (HCP-EATD) , the Collett-Lester fear of death scale(CL-FDS) and the self-designed general information questionnaire. Results The total score of attitudes toward caring for dying patients in nursing students was 2. 89±0. 46. Except the active attitudes on professional capacity and challenge,the overall and other attitudes were all in a negative state, and the most negative point occurred in view of death. The total score for fear of death was 2. 67±0. 76. Fear for the death of others, parental discussion of death, most impressed death experiences, serious illness experiences and reading death related articles had significant influence on their attitudes toward caring for dying patients(P<0. 05

  8. Analysis on chilhood abuse experience and the influencing factors among 1 762 college students%1762名大专学生童年期虐待经历及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永红; 陈晶琦

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To ascertain the prevalence of child abuse among college students and to explore the influencing factors, and to provide scientific evidence for intervention measures. METHODS Child abuse experience was surveyed among 1 762 students in a college by anonymous self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS 76.2% of 1 762 college students investigated had abuse experience. Prevalence rate of childhood abuse experience was 59.4% for physical abuse, 76.0% of males and 49.2% of females ever had physical abuse experience. 61.5% for emotional abuse, 69.0% of males and 57.0% of females ever had emotional abuse experience; 10.2% for sexual abuse, 8.1% of males and 11.5% of females ever had sex abuse experience. There was significant difference between gender in prevalence rate of physical abuse (x2 = 124.139, P = 0.000) and emotional abuse (x2 = 25.338, P = 0.000). Compared with the male students, the prevalence rate of sexual abuse was higher in the female students (x2 = 5.387, P = 0.020). Non-conditional Logistic regression analysis indicated that bad parental marital status (OR = 2.407, P= 0.011) were risk factors for the occurrence of child abuse. Girls (OR = 0.409, P = 0.000) and high level of education of mother (OR = 0.718, P= 0.004) were protective factors for child abuse. CONCLUSION The problem of child abuse among college students is common in China. More attention should be paid to child abuse in order to promote students' healthy development.%目的 了解大学生儿童期虐待发生情况及其影响因素,为制定干预策略提供科学依据.方法 用自填式问卷,对1 762名大专学生就有关儿童时期受虐待经历进行不记名回顾性调查.结果 在被调查的1 762名大学生中,76.2%的人在儿童期有遭受虐待经历,儿童期躯体虐待发生率为59.4%,男生为76.0%,女生为49.2%;精神虐待为61.5%,男生为69.0%,女生为57.0%;性虐待为10.2%,男生为8.1%,女生为11.5%.男生躯体虐待(x2

  9. 北京市石景山区中学生超重肥胖现状及影响因素%Study on obesity and overweight and influencing factors among middle school students in Shijingshan District,Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史平; 王丹; 杜鹏; 刘敏

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解北京市石景山区中学生超重肥胖状况及其影响因素,为中学生超重肥胖的预防与干预措施提供依据.方法 采用多阶段整群随机抽样的方法,抽取北京市石景山区1240名中学生,进行超重肥胖流行状况调查,并对相关因素进行分析.结果 在有效应答的1232名学生中,超重学生有126人,超重率10.23%;肥胖学生有99人,肥胖患病率8.03%,超重肥胖共发生225人,检出率为18.26%.高中男生(8.33%)肥胖率明显高于高中女生(5.74%),超重(26.19%)和肥胖(21.21%)及运动锻炼60 min以上≥3d/周的比例明显低于正常组(51.64%),以上差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).Logistic回归分析结果显示,运动锻炼60 min以上<3d/周(OR =6.92)、使用计算机时间每天超过2h(OR =6.55)、经常吃路边摊(OR=5.65)、每天看电视超过2h(OR=4.30)、每天玩电子游戏超过2 h(OR =3.88)、经常吃油炸食品(OR=1.86)和甜点(OR=1.54)等是中学生超重肥胖的影响因素.结论 儿童青少年存在着程度不同静态生活方式和的不良饮食行为和饮食习惯,是引起超重肥胖的危险因素.%Objective To understand the current status of obesity and overweight and its influencing factors among middle school students in Shijingshan. District, and to provide basis for appropriate prevention and intervention methods of obesity and overweight. Methods Multi-stage cluster random sampling was used to select 1240 middle school students in Shijingshan District, and status study wad applied to investigate the epidemic situation of obesity and overweight and the in-fluencing factors. Results In the 1232 effective response students, 126 overweight students were found, the rate of over-weight was 10.23% ; 99 obese students were found, the prevalence of obesity was 8.03% , there were 225 overweight students, the detection rate was 18.26%. The high school boy' obesity rate (8. 33% ) was significantly higher than the girls' (5

  10. Factors Influencing Postsecondary STEM Students' Views of the Public Communication of an Emergent Technology: a Cross-National Study from Five Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Grant E.; Jones, M. Gail; Albe, Virginie; Blonder, Ron; Laherto, Antti; Macher, Daniel; Paechter, Manuela

    2016-10-01

    Recent efforts in the science education community have highlighted the need to integrate research and theory from science communication research into more general science education scholarship. These synthesized research perspectives are relatively novel but serve an important need to better understand the impacts that the advent of rapidly emerging technologies will have on a new generation of scientists and engineers including their formal communication with engaged citizenry. This cross-national study examined postsecondary science and engineering students' (n = 254 from five countries: Austria, Finland, France, Israel, and USA) perspectives on the role of science communication in their own formal science and engineering education. More broadly, we examined participants' understanding of their perceived responsibilities of communicating science and engineering to the general public when an issue contains complex social and ethical implications (SEI). The study is contextualized in the emergent technology of nanotechnology for which SEI are of particular concern and for which the general public often perceives conflicting risks and benefits. Findings indicate that student participants' hold similar views on the need for their own training in communication as future scientists and engineers. When asked about the role that ethics and risk perception plays in research, development, and public communication of nanotechnology, participants demonstrate similar trajectories of perspectives that are, however, often anchored in very different levels of beginning concern. Results are discussed in the context of considerations for science communication training within formal science education curricula globally.

  11. Factors Influencing Postsecondary STEM Students' Views of the Public Communication of an Emergent Technology: a Cross-National Study from Five Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Grant E.; Jones, M. Gail; Albe, Virginie; Blonder, Ron; Laherto, Antti; Macher, Daniel; Paechter, Manuela

    2017-10-01

    Recent efforts in the science education community have highlighted the need to integrate research and theory from science communication research into more general science education scholarship. These synthesized research perspectives are relatively novel but serve an important need to better understand the impacts that the advent of rapidly emerging technologies will have on a new generation of scientists and engineers including their formal communication with engaged citizenry. This cross-national study examined postsecondary science and engineering students' ( n = 254 from five countries: Austria, Finland, France, Israel, and USA) perspectives on the role of science communication in their own formal science and engineering education. More broadly, we examined participants' understanding of their perceived responsibilities of communicating science and engineering to the general public when an issue contains complex social and ethical implications (SEI). The study is contextualized in the emergent technology of nanotechnology for which SEI are of particular concern and for which the general public often perceives conflicting risks and benefits. Findings indicate that student participants' hold similar views on the need for their own training in communication as future scientists and engineers. When asked about the role that ethics and risk perception plays in research, development, and public communication of nanotechnology, participants demonstrate similar trajectories of perspectives that are, however, often anchored in very different levels of beginning concern. Results are discussed in the context of considerations for science communication training within formal science education curricula globally.

  12. What Factors Influence Knowledge Sharing in Organizations?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Razmerita, Liana; Kirchner, Kathrin; Nielsen, Pia

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Enterprise social media platforms provide new ways of sharing knowledge and communicating within organizations to benefit from the social capital and valuable knowledge that employees have. Drawing on social dilemma and self-determination theory, the aim of the study is to understand what...... factors drive employees’ participation and what factors hamper their participation in enterprise social media. Design/methodology/approach: Based on a literature review, a unified research model is derived integrating demographic, individual, organizational and technological factors that influence...... knowledge sharing framework helps to understand what factors impact engagement on social media. Furthermore the article suggests different types of interventions to overcome the social dilemma of knowledge sharing. Originality/value: The study contributes to an understanding of factors leading...

  13. Investigating important factors influencing purchasing from chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naser Azad

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we survey important factors, influencing customers to buy more from one of well known food market operating in capital city of Iran named Shahrvand. The survey studies the effects of six factors including customer's perception, persuasive factors, brand, customers' expectations, product's characteristics and special features of store on attracting more customers. We have distributed questionnaire among 196 customers who regularly visit stores and analyzed details of the data. The results indicate that customers' perception is the most important item, which includes eight components. Years of experience is the most important item in our survey followed by impact of color and working hours. Diversity of services is another factor, which plays the most important role followed by quality of services. Next, fidelity and brand are other most important factors and the name of store and risk are in lower degree of importance.

  14. Study about status and influencing factors of subhealth in senior higher school students in Zaozhuan%枣庄市高中生亚健康状况及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜; 王莉; 张雪芹; 李田田; 刘金同

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the status and influencing factors of subhealth in senior higher school students in Zaozhuan.Methods 1283 senior higher school students in Zaozhuang were assessed with self -designed general condition questionnaire,Multidimensional Sub-health Questionnaire of Adolescents (MSQA),Family Environment Scale (FES-CV)and Middle School Students Chinese version of Multidimensional Life Events Rating Questionnaire (MLERQ).Results The incidence rate of subhealth was 17.45% for physical subhealth,19.88% for psychological subhealth and 9.74% for psychosomatic subhealth.The detection rates of physical,psychological subhealth in girls were significantly higher than those in boys (P <0.05 ).Score of psychological subhealth in MSQA was significantly positively correlated with scores of all dimensionalities in MLERQ (P <0.01),and score of physical subhealth in MSQA was significantly positively correlated with scores of healthy growth,love and sexual dimensionality in MLERQ and contradiction dimensionality in FES-CV (P <0.05). Logistic regression analysis indicated that influencing factors of subhealth included intimacy,organization,success,contradiction dimensionality in FES-CV and healthy growth,love and sexual,school life,peer relationship dimensionality in MLERQ (P <0.05).Conclusion The subhealth is in bad condition in senior higher school students in Zaozhuan.The influencing factors consists of gender,family environment and life events.%目的:了解枣庄市高中生的亚健康状况及其影响因素。方法选取枣庄市共1283名高中学生纳入研究,采用自编一般情况调查问卷、青少年亚健康多维评定问卷(MSQA)、家庭环境量表中文版(FES-CV)、中学生生活事件多维评定问卷(MLERQ)进行评定并分析。结果枣庄市高中生躯体、心理、身心亚健康状态检出率分别为17.45%、19.88%、9.74%。女生的躯体、心理亚健康状态检出率高于男生(P <0.05

  15. On A Factor Influencing English Listening Teaching and learning——Inappropriate learning habits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕少勤; 杨劲雯

    2012-01-01

      This essay is mainly about a factor influencing English lis-tening teaching and learning, inappropriate learning habits to help teachers and students in the improvement of listening comprehension.

  16. Survey on current caring behaviors in nursing students: the influencing factors%实习护生护理关怀行为及影响因素的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单君; 陈宏林; 朱健华

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解实习护生护理关怀行为实施现状及相关影响因素.方法 采用方便抽样方法,使用美国学者Wolf关怀行为量表修改版,对在江苏省某三甲医院实习的150名护生进行调查.结果 实习护生护理关怀行为得分为(80.98±8.92)分.护生的护理关怀行为主要体现在对患者信息保密(3.76±0.49)、懂得注射和滴注(3.69±0.54)、倾听主诉(3.71±0.50)、对患者表示关心(3.63±0.52)、按时治疗和给药(3.61±0.64)方面;但帮助患者成长(2.91±0.77)、让患者参与护理计划制定(2.88±0.91)得分最低.影响实习护生实施护理关怀行为的因素为护理关怀课程的学习及学历(P<0.05,P<0.01).结论 实习护生护理关怀行为得分呈中等偏上水平,并主要侧重于治疗性关怀,对患者的人文关怀尚欠缺.护理教育者应探讨合适的教学方法,开设护理关怀课程并付诸实践,不断提高护生护理关怀意识和行动力.%Objective To evaluate the current caring behaviors in nursing students and to explore the influencing factors.Methods Caring behaviors inventory revised by Wolf was used to investigate 150 nursing students by convenient sampling method.Results The mean score of caring behaviors in nursing studentas was(80.98± 8.92).The caring behaviors of nursing students mainly reflects on "treating patient' s information confidentially" (3.76 ± 0.49), "knowing how to give shots, and intravenous infusion" ( 3.69 ±0.54), "attentively listening to the patient"(3.71 ± 0.50), "showing concern for the patient" (3.63 ± 0.52), "giving patient's treatment and medications on time”(3.61±0.64).However, the scores of "helping the patient grow"(2.91±0.77) and "including the patient in planning his or her care" (2.88±0.91)were the lowest.Studying of nursing care curriculum or not and educational background were considered to be the principal influencing factors in students' practice of caring behaviors(P<0.05, P<0

  17. 医学生亚健康流行病学分布特征及影响因素%Sub-health and its influencing factors among medical college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵秀荣; 赵连志; 王晶; 杨欢; 田宇; 邢晓林; 冀宝安

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解医学生亚健康流行病学分布特征及影响因素.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法,应用健康评定量表(SRHMS)对河北省承德医学院1 581人进行横断面调查,并对年龄、性别、年级、专业、学习负担、体育锻炼,原居住地及家庭平均月收入等有关因素进行分析.结果 医学生总体亚健康、身体亚健康、心理亚健康、社会适应亚健康发生率分别为69.2%、39.6%、52.6%、48.3%.不同年龄医学生身体亚健康发生率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);不同性别、家庭经济水平、居住地区医学生总体亚健康发生率比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);不同专业医学生身体、社会和总体亚健康发生率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);不同年级、学习负担及体育锻炼医学生身体、心理及社会亚健康发生率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 医学生亚健康发生率较高;其主要影响因素为年级、专业、学习负担及体育锻炼.%Objective To study epidemiological distribution of sub-health and its influencing factors among medical college students. Methods With random stratified and clustered sampling, 1 581 students in Chengde Medical College were selected and investigated on their sub-health status and influencing factors,including age,gender,grade and specialty,study load,family monthly income, and physical exercise. Results The prevalence rate of total sub-health was 69.2%. The prevalence rate of physical,mental,and social sub-health were 39.6% , 52.6% ,and 48. 3%. The prevalence rates of physical sub-health was significantly different between the students of different age( P 0.05). The prevalence rates of physical, social, and total sub-health were significantly different among the students with different specialty (P < 0.05). The prevalence rate of physical, mental, and social sub-health of the students with diffenrent study load,physical exercise

  18. 某医学院学生睡眠质量现状及影响因素的logistic回归分析%Analysis of students'status of sleeping quality and influencing factors in a medical college

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娅凌; 杨超; 张俊辉; 曾玲

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解医学生的睡眠质量现状及其影响因素,为制定针对性措施提供依据。方法:采取整群分层抽样的方法,利用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, PSQI)量表及自制的医学生睡眠质量影响因素调查表进行调查。采用卡方检验及多因素非条件Logistic回归模型进行统计分析。结果:调查的729人中,PSQI总分平均分为5.06±2.424,睡眠质量差的有105人,睡眠障碍率为14.40%。多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示,与睡眠质量相关的主要因素包括年级、身体健康状况、担心自己睡眠质量、宿舍环境、作息时间、睡前体育活动强度、睡前经常想事情和睡前上网。结论:医学生睡眠质量的影响因素较多,应采取改变不良生活习惯、合理安排学习课程及体育活动时间等措施改善医学生睡眠质量。%Objective: To investigate current status of sleep quality and influencing factors of medical college students so as to provide suggestion for establishing improving strategies. Methods: Stratified cluster sampling was used to extract respondents. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI)and self-designed questionnaire were used to survey sleep quality of medical students. The data were analyzed by chi-square test and multivariate non-conditioned logistic regression. Results: Among 729 students investigated, the total prevalence of sleep disorder was 14.40% and average PSQI total score was 5.06 ± 2.424. Multivariate non-conditioned logistic regression showed that the physical health, worrying about their sleep quality, class, dormitory environment, work and rest time, sports strength before sleep, often thinking things before sleep, surfing the Internet before sleep were the important influencing factors of the sleep quality. Conclusion: There are many related factors affecting the medical students' sleeping quality. Bad habits should be changed and learning and sports time

  19. If I Can Do for My People, I Can Do for Myself: Examining Racial Factors for Their Influence on Goal Efficacy for Black College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bentley-Edwards, Keisha L.; Agonafer, Edden; Edmonston, Rashida; Flannigan, Alaina

    2016-01-01

    Using a sociocultural stress and coping approach, this study focuses on the antecedents of goal efficacy, or an individual's appraisal that they can achieve their goals. Despite being in college, less than half of the participants demonstrated goal efficacy. Racial factors including racial cohesion, racial dissonance and race-related stress, along…

  20. Analysis of anxiety influencing factors of computer department students in vocation selecting period%择业期计算机专业学生焦虑成因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈贞娥; 唐济生; 张天亮

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨计算机专业应届毕业生择业期焦虑水平的影响因素.方法 采用分层整群抽样,对计算机专业363名应届毕业生,用卡特尔16种人格因素(16PF)问卷、症状自评量表(SCL-90)、应付方式问卷、高校毕业生择业焦虑及原因调查问卷施测.结果 择业期计算机专业学生焦虑水平显著高于全国青年常模(t=6.631,P=0.000).多元逐步回归分析发现,紧张性(标准回归系数0.24928,t=4.72,P=0.000)、择业竞争压力(标准回归系数0.22126,t=4.54,P=0.000)、忧虑性(标准回归系数0.18320,t=3.36,P=0.001)、怀疑性(标准回归系数0.15002,t=3.16,P=0.002)、残缺家庭(标准回归系数0.09474,t=2.17,P=0.031)是影响择业期计算机学生焦虑水平的主要因素.结论 择业期焦虑水平受多种因素的影响,高怀疑、高紧张等不健康个性是择业期焦虑问题的内因,择业竞争压力是促发因素,家庭残缺对学生处事应变能力有不良影响.%Objective To explore the anxiety influencing factors of students of computer department in vocation selecting period.Methods A total of 363 students of computer department in periods of vocational selection were assessed with 16PF, SCL-90, Coping Style Questionnaire,and Vocational Selection Anxiety Questionnaire for University Graduate. Results The anxiety score of students of computer department in vocation selecting period were much higher statisticaly than the Chinese youth norm(t=6.631,P=0.000).The results of multivariable stepwise regression showed that the major factors affecting the anxiety score of the students were anxiousness (stb=0.24928,t=4.72,P<0.000),press of employment compete(stb=0.22126,t=4.54,P<0.000),apprehension(stb=0.18320,t=3.36, P=0.001),vigilance (stb=0.15002,t=3.16, P=0.002), family-incompleteness (stb=0.09474,t=2.17, P=0.031)et al. Conclusion The anxiety score were affected by many factors. Unhealthy personality such as high vigilance and high anxiousness are the

  1. Study on the breakfast status and the influencing factors among medical students in Guangzhou%广州某高校医学生早餐现况及其影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗春花; 马绍斌; 范存欣; 黎永锋; 荆春霞; 陈然

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the breakfast status and explore influencing factors among medical students,then to provide scientific reference to improve their breakfast. Methods Stratified cluster sampling was used to select 630 medical students from Jinan university, and survey was conducted by self-designed breakfast questionnaire. Results The medical students' breakfast knowledge score was (8.52±2. 81). Different genders,grades,majors had different scores(all P< 0.05). 48. 1% of medical students had breakfast every day. 24.4% paid attention to the breakfast hygiene. Just 35.7% had good quality breakfast. Logistic regression analysis showed male, thinking that breakfast was not important, heavy by self-weight evaluation were risk factors of not having breakfast every day. Coming from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, thinking that breakfast was not important, underweight were risk factors of having breakfast not before 8 o' clock. Male, mothers' education backgrounds were junior high school or less, poor breakfast knowledge were risk factors of not paying attention to breakfast hygiene. Junior,major in the Chinese medicine,poor breakfast knowledge,thinking breakfast not important were risk factors of. having no good quality breakfast. Conclusions Most of medical students were lack of breakfast knowledge. Universities should enhance breakfast education by various forms, especially to high-risk population.%目的 了解医学生早餐现况,探讨其影响因素,为学校改善医学生早餐饮食提供科学依据.方法 采用自制问卷,分层整群抽取了630名医学生进行调查.结果 医学生早餐知识平均得分为(8.52+2.81)分,不同性别、年级和专业早餐知识得分均不同(均有P<0.05).仅48.1%的医学生每天吃早餐,24.4%注意早餐卫生,早餐质量优良率仅占35.7%.Logistic回归分析显示,男生、认为早餐不重要、体重自我评价偏重是医学生不能每天吃早餐的危险因素.港澳台生、认为早餐不

  2. Healthy literacy and the influencing factors for Guangdong high school students%广东高中生健康素养水平及相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许雅; 叶小华; 曾转萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective To know the health knowledge-concept, healthy skill and healthy behaviors of Guangdong high school students, and the relation between them. Methods The questionnaire of "health literacy survey of Chinese citizens" was used to investigate 1 747 high school students. Results The correct rate of health literacy of Guangdong high school students was 65.6%. The correct rates of three types of health literacy about basic knowledge-concept, healthy lifestyle and behavior, health skills were 68.8% , 60. 1% and 69.8% respectively. The questions which had the correct answer less than 40% were the amount of adults alcohol every day( 13.4% ) , the check times of pregnant women( 16.3% ) , the understanding of disease transmission about four pests(11.0% ), TB patients receiving free anti-TB drugs) 32. 1% ) , awareness of early signs of cancer (20.6% ) , adult daily intake of salt(26.3% ) and recognizing drug manual) 34.5% ). The correlation coefficients for health knowledge-concept and healthy behaviors, health knowledge-concept and healthy skill, healthy lifestyle-behaviors and healthy skill were 0.553, 0.437 and 0.438 respectively. Conclusion The health literacy level of high school students in Guangdong is low. The knowledge-concept, lifestyle and behavior, and skill are positive related with each other.%目的 了解广东高中生健康素养知识和理念、行为、技能水平及其关系,为提高中学生的健康素养水平提供依据.方法 采用卫生部编制的《中国公民健康素养调查问卷》对广东省1 747名高中生进行调查.结果 广东高中生健康素养内容的正确回答率为65.6%,健康知识和理念、健康生活方式和行为、健康技能三方面问题的正确回答率分别为68.8%,60.1%和69.8%.正确回答率低于40%的项目为“成年人饮酒日饮用量”(13.4%)、“孕妇产前检查次数”(16.3%)、“对四害传播疾病的认识”(11.0%)、“肺结核病病人可以享受

  3. Influence of organizational factors on safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haber, S.B.; Metlay, D.S.; Crouch, D.A.

    1990-01-01

    There is a need for a better understanding of exactly how organizational management factors at a nuclear power plant (NPP) affect plant safety performance, either directly or indirectly, and how these factors might be observed, measured, and evaluated. The purpose of this research project is to respond to that need by developing a general methodology for characterizing these organizational and management factors, systematically collecting information on their status and integrating that information into various types of evaluative activities. Research to date has included the development of the Nuclear Organization and Management Analysis Concept (NOMAC) of a NPP, the identification of key organizational and management factors, and the identification of the methods for systematically measuring and analyzing the influence of these factors on performance. Most recently, two field studies, one at a fossil fuel plant and the other at a NPP, were conducted using the developed methodology. Results are presented from both studies highlighting the acceptability, practicality, and usefulness of the methods used to assess the influence of various organizational and management factors including culture, communication, decision-making, standardization, and oversight. 6 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Factors Influencing Colorectal Cancer Screening Participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Z. Gimeno García

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Colorectal cancer (CRC is a major health problem worldwide. Although population-based CRC screening is strongly recommended in average-risk population, compliance rates are still far from the desirable rates. High levels of screening uptake are necessary for the success of any screening program. Therefore, the investigation of factors influencing participation is crucial prior to design and launches a population-based organized screening campaign. Several studies have identified screening behaviour factors related to potential participants, providers, or health care system. These influencing factors can also be classified in non-modifiable (i.e., demographic factors, education, health insurance, or income and modifiable factors (i.e., knowledge about CRC and screening, patient and provider attitudes or structural barriers for screening. Modifiable determinants are of great interest as they are plausible targets for interventions. Interventions at different levels (patient, providers or health care system have been tested across the studies with different results. This paper analyzes factors related to CRC screening behaviour and potential interventions designed to improve screening uptake.

  5. 艺术生心理健康状况及其影响因素研究%Study on influence factors and art mental health status of students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李京

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, with the promotion of quality education, art education has been a major concern of the society. Due to the particularity of its professional, art students generally have active thinking, creative and unique personality, emotional characteristics, but also has strong self-esteem impulsive, sensitive interpersonal relationship easy negative, ideal thineasy treason and other psychological problems,psychological quality is different from the ordinary non art students, influence factors the mental health of the art students are closely related with the school education, family education, academic pressure and the pressure of employment.%近年来,随着素质教育的推广,艺术教育得到了社会的广泛关注和重视。由于自身专业的特殊性,艺术生一般具有思维活跃、创造性强和个性独特、情感丰富等特点,但是同时也存在自尊心强易冲动、人际关系敏感易消极、理想信念淡薄易叛逆等心理问题,在心理素质上不同于普通非艺术生,影响艺术生心理健康的因素主要与学校教育、家庭教育、学业压力和就业压力紧密相关。

  6. Cognitive Closure and Its Influencing Factors in Adolescent Students%青少认知闭合需要的发展特点及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫春平; 李根强; 杜卫; 赵桂一; 杨世昌

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨青少年的认知闭合需要发展特点及其影响因素.方法:采用认知闭合需要问卷、父母养育方式评价量表和A型行为类型问卷对初中、高中和大学三个年龄段的青少年共810人进行调查.结果:①在认知闭合需要及对结构的需求上,初中组和高中组得分均显著高于大学组,在决断性上大学组得分显著高于初中组、高中组;②父母养育方式中的部分因子对认知闭合需要及决断性和对结构的需求两个因子具有一定的预测作用;③A型人格对青少年的认知闭合需要及其对结构的需求因子具有正向预测作用,而对决断性因子具有负向预测作用.结论:青少年的认知闭合需要随年龄增长由高向低方向发展,父母养育方式和A型人格在一定程度上影响个体的认知闭合需要发展.%Objective: To explore the developmental characteristics of need for cognitive closure and its influencing factors in adolescent students. Methods: 810 adolescent students from junior middle school, senior middle school and university were tested by questionnaires, including Need for Cognitive Closure Scale,Egma Minnen av Bardndosna Uppforstran (EMBU) and Type A Behavior Questionnaire. Results: ①The scores of junior middle school, senior middle school students were higher in the need for cognitive closure, and need for structure, and were lower in decisiveness than the university students. ②Some factors of EMBU were significant predicators of need for cognitive closure, decisiveness and need for structure. ③Type A personality was a significant positive predicator of the need for cognitive closure and need for structure, and was a negative predicator of decisiveness. Conclusion: The adolescents' need for cognitive closure vary from high to low when they grow up, and parental rearing patterns and Type A personality have some effect on the development of need for cognitive closure.

  7. Study on the self-perceived learning pressure and its influence factors among medical students%医学生学习压力状况及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管超萍; 梁渊; 温小飘; 龚言红; 马建辉

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the learning pressure and its influencing factors among medical students. Methods 1751 students of five majors in five grades were investigated by stratified cluster sampling. A self-made questionnaire on self-perceived learning pressure was used. Results Compared to freshmen, the students in other grades had greater learning pressure ( OR values were 2. 67, 2. 58 , 1. 44 and 1. 92 ). Students in Preventive Medicine and Pharmacy had lower learning pressure than clinical medicine students ( OR values were 0. 64 and 0. 40). The students who hoped to get instruction strongly and fairly had greater learning pressure ( OR values were 2. 25 and 1. 39). The students who hoped to join and actively joined scientific research activities fairly had lower learning pressure ( OR values were 0. 53 and 0. 71). Conclusion Students who were sophomore, junior, grade five, clinical, and students who hoped to get more teachers' instructor or feel disappeared should be target population and paid more attention.%目的 分析医学生的学习压力现状,探讨学习压力的影响因素.方法 通过分层整群抽样,对武汉某高校5个年级的5个专业的1751名在校大学生进行调查.结果 相对于大一学生,大二、大三、大四、大五学生学习压力更大(OR值分别为2.67、2.58、1.44和1.92);预防医学和药学专业的学生比临床医学专业的学生学习压力小(OR值分别为0.64和0.40);希望得到老师指导程度强和一般的学生较不希望得到指导的学生学习压力大(OR值分别为2.25和1.39);参加老师科研活动意愿和次数一般的学生学习压力更小(OR值分别为0.53和0.71).结论 大二、大三的学生以及临床医学专业、希望得到老师指导和感到悲观失望的学生是学习压力干预关注的重点.

  8. Prevalence of Internet addiction and the influencing factors among middle school students in Guiyang City%贵阳市中学生网络成瘾现状及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宛筑; 邓冰

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解贵阳市中学生网络成瘾现状及其影响因素,为开展预防及干预中学生网络成瘾提供参考.方法 整群分层抽取贵阳城区10所中学3 340名学生进行问卷调查.结果 近0.5a内有2 875名中学生使用过网络,上网学生中157名有网络成瘾倾向,占上网人数的5.5%,且男生检出率高于女生,初中生高于高中生.上网年限越长、频率越高、每次上网时间越长,网络成瘾检出率越高;在网吧上网、上网目的为玩游戏的中学生网络成瘾倾向检出率最高,差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.01).Logistic回归分析显示,网吧上网、每周上网次数、每次上网时间、玩网络游戏与网络成瘾倾向均呈正相关,上网获取信息与网络成瘾倾向负相关.结论 中学生网络成瘾问题需引起重视,应引导中学生健康上网,预防网络成瘾现象发生.%Objective To study the prevalence and the influencing factors of Internet addiction among middle school students in Guiyang City, and to lay the reference for prevention and intervention of Internet addiction among middle school students. Methods A questionnaire survey w.as conducted among a sample of 3 340 students drawn from ten middle schools in Guiyang City. Results In the last six months, the total number of computer Internet users was 2 875, and the number of Internet addiction students tested by the questionnaire was 157, accounting for 5. 5% , on which a conclusion of Internet addiction can be caused and for those Internet addicters, males were more than females and junior school students are more than senior school students. The results also told that the longer the students were on the line, the higher frequency of getting on the line will be, and the longer they were on the line every time, the easier they will be tested by the scales; They often stayed on the line in bars, with the purpose of playing games, this item had the highest test efficiency, and all the

  9. 苏北地区在校大学生伤害状况及其影响因素分析%Analysis of injury and influencing factors among college students in north Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张训保; 孙莉莉; 石月; 丁昕; 周丽; 吴秀娟; 杨金友

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解苏北地区在校大学生伤害发生情况及影响因素。方法采用随机整群抽样方法抽取1857名大学生,采用自制调查问卷、中国大学生心理健康量表(CCSMHS)、中文版知觉压力量表(CPSS)进行调查。结果大学生中过去1年中发生伤害≥1次的有639人,伤害发生率为34.41%;居前5位的伤害类型为跌倒/碰撞伤(34.64%)、自伤(19.93%)、车祸伤(15.58%)、钝锐器伤(12.75%)、烧烫伤(12.64%)。单因素非条件 logistic 回归显示:学历、年龄、家中排行、专业、与其他宿舍同学相处关系、是否发生摩擦、外出打工、大学生心理量表10个因子和压力总分及紧张感因子对伤害的发生影响有统计学意义(P 值均<0.05)。结论苏北地区在校大学生伤害发生率较高,应及时开展安全、心理健康教育及干预。%Objective To investigate injury and influencing factors among college students in north Jiangsu Province.Meth-ods A total of 1 857 college students were selected by random clustered sampling method,who were subjected to survey using self-designed questionnaires,Chinese College Students'Mental Health Scale (CCSMHS)and Chinese Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS).Results Among all subjects,639 were suffered from at least 1 injury in past year,resulting annual injury incidence of 34.41%.Top 5 categories of injury were fall/collision injury(34.64%),self-injury(19.93%),injury caused by car accident (15.58%),blunt trauma(12.75%)and burns(12.64%).Univariate regression analysis showed academic background,age, birth order,major,relationships with roommates,having friction with others,taking part time jobs,score of 10 factors in CCSMHS and tension factor were influencing factors for injury incidence(all P <0.05).Conclusion Injury incidence was rela-tively high among college students in north Jiangsu Province.Safety and psychological education and intervention measures

  10. 宁波市大学生吸烟现状及影响因素调查%Investigation on Smoking and Influencing Factors of College Students in Ningbo City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀娟; 张萋云; 戎吉婷; 刘芬; 陆芳; 李秀秀; 黄珍珍

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解宁波市大学生吸烟现状及影响因素,为开展学校健康教育提供依据.方法分层整群抽宁波市6所高校699名学生,通过专题访谈和问卷调查方法了解其吸烟现状、烟草危害知识、对烟草及吸烟行为的态度和控烟的看法;定性分析访谈资料、描述性分析问卷资料.结果学生掌握烟草危害知识情况不容乐观;吸烟者与非吸烟者对烟草危害认知及吸烟行为的态度不同;与2005年监测相比,女生尝试吸烟率降低了44%,男女生近期吸烟率无变化,男生尝试吸烟率和经常吸烟率均呈上升趋势.结论 学生对烟草危害存在认知误区,大学生中烟草流行仍很严重.学校健康教育工作要推陈出新,政府要加大控烟力度,多管齐下,方能显效.%To understand the smoking status and influencing factors of college student and provide scientific evidence for health education. Methods Attitude of tobacco and the knowledge of tobacco harmfulness and smoking behavior of college student were investigated by focus group discussion and anonymous questionnaire a-mong 699 college student from 6 university of Ningbo with a cluster sampling method. The data was qualitative analyzed. Results The knowledge of tobacco harmfulness of students is not optimistic. The attitude of tobacco harm-fulness and smoking behavior are different between smokers and no-smokers. Prevalence of lifetime smoking for female is reduced by 40%. Prevalence of current smoking doesn't change for male and female. There is a tendency on the prevalence of lifetime smoking and current frequent smoking for male. Conclusions There is cognition astray a-bout the knowledge of tobacco harmfulness among students. Smoking epidemic is still serious. School health education need to change. The government must strengthen smoking control.

  11. Online assessment: what influences students to engage with feedback?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Alan

    2014-07-01

    The intention of giving written feedback is to close the gap between the standard achieved and the standard desired, but students do not always read it. Web-based marking tools are increasingly being used in assessment practices to deliver the feedback. What motivates students to read the feedback provided, especially since the advent of these online marking tools, is poorly understood. This research looked at the factors likely to influence a medical student's engagement with written feedback delivered through an online marking tool (grademark by Turnitin). What motivates students to read the feedback provided Third-year medical students on a UK undergraduate medical course submitted an assignment online. A questionnaire was distributed to a cohort of them following the release of their results and feedback, allowing quantitative and qualitative data collection. Software recorded whether they opened their feedback. Previous examination performance figures were also collated. Online feedback is accessible and acceptable to the majority of students. Personal demographics, computer literacy, previous course performance, or personal motivational drivers did not predict those who did or did not read it. Some students reported seeing little value in feedback because of their previous negative experiences. A minority found feedback hurtful, and were likely to show avoidance behaviours. This research found that feedback provided through an online marking tool overcame many of the problems associated with handwritten feedback, but alone was not enough to ensure universal engagement. Feedback dialogues are proposed as a method to overcome negative student experiences, enhance tutor performance and encourage future student engagement. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Status of Medical Students in Learning Medical English and Its Influence Factor%医学生学习医学英语的现状及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁敏; 李晔

    2016-01-01

    Objective To understand the current situation and influencing factors of medical students' learning of medical English, and to improve the level of medical students' learning English. Methods The subjects were studied by literature reading and random sampling questionnaire. Results Medical college students learning task is heavy, the amount of learning knowledge more and learning pressure, learning medical knowledge in the professional, medical English is boring, also teaching content, teaching methods single, can improve the students' interest in learning medical English, also can mobilize students learning enthusiasm and autonomy of medical English. Furthermore, a single medical English teaching mode, un-reasonable curriculum, class is relatively insufficient, low quality of medical materials, lack of unified medical English teaching syllabus guide, medical English teachers of teachers should not be optimistic and other factors, unable to meet the medical students for medical English learning needs. Conclusion The present situation of medical students in learning Eng-lish is not optimistic, the school and the society should pay attention to and reform the teaching and development of medical English.%目的:通过对医学院校的问卷调查,了解医学生学习医学英语的现状及其影响因素,更好的提升医学生学习医学英语的水平。方法课题采用文献阅读及随机抽取式问卷调查的方式进行研究。结果医学院的学生学习任务重、学习知识量多且学习压力大,在专业性学习医学知识外,医学英语就显得枯燥乏味,同时教学内容、教学方法的单一,不能提高学生学习医学英语的兴趣,也就不能调动起学生学习医学英语的积极性和自主性。再者,医学英语教学模式单一,课程设置不合理,课时相对不足,医学教材质量低,缺乏统一的医学英语教学大纲指导、医学英语教师师资不容乐观等因素,无

  13. Factors that influence the use of the Internet for job-seeking purposes amongst a sample of final-year students in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliet R. Chiwara

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Organisations are turning to the Internet in search for talent. A constituency often targeted are those students nearing the end of their tenure of study who are making a transition into the working world. Given this, it is important to understand not only those factors that influence the use of the Internet within the Human Resources (HR talent search process, but also how such factors relate to actual intent to apply for jobs.Research purpose: Drawing on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT model, the study investigates factors that influence the adoption of the Internet for purposes of job seeking.Motivation for the study: Calls have been made for research that investigates factors that influence the intention to use the Internet to apply for jobs in developing countries such as South Africa.Research approach, design and method: The study used the quantitative approach (relying on a survey to test the hypotheses into factors that influence the use of Internet for the purpose of job seeking amongst a sample of 346 prospective job seekers in their final year of study at a South African university.Main findings: Through correlation and regression analysis, findings reveal a positive relationship to exist between (1 performance expectancy with intention to use the Internet to apply for jobs, (2 effort expectancy with intention to use the Internet to apply for jobs, (3 individual effort expectancy and performance expectancy and (4 individual trust and the intention to use the Internet for job seeking. However, no relationship was found to exist between facilitating conditions and intention to use the Internet for job seeking.Practical/managerial implications: The findings magnify the role of salient factors in the intention to use the Internet for job-seeking purposes. Efforts from applicants, universities, recruitment agencies and organisations, potentially, have an effect on the intention to use the Internet

  14. Factors influencing the feasibility of laparoscopy colectomy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He Zhiyun; Zhang Zhongtao

    2014-01-01

    Objective The objective was to review the factors affecting the feasibility of performing successful laparoscopic colectomy.Data sources The literatures about the risk factors closely related to the ability to perform laparoscopic colectomy on different surgical diseases of the colon cited in this review were obtained from PubMed published in English from 2006 to 2012.Study selection Original articles regarding the risk factors that affect the ability to perform laparoscopic colectomy were selected.Results Obesity,diabetes,inflammatory bowel diseases,advanced age,emergency operation,and pelvic anatomy are all important risk factors that increase the risk of developing serious complications such as hemorrhage,anastomotic leak,and skin and soft tissue infections following laparoscopic colectomy.These factors also increase the likelihood of conversion to an open operation.In this study,we reviewed the recent original articles about the relationship of laparoscopic colectomy with these risk factors.We also describe some strategies that limit the likelihood of these complications and the likelihood of conversion to an open operation.Conclusions Obesity,diabetes,inflammatory bowel diseases,age,emergency operation,and pelvic anatomy are all important risk factors that increase the risk of either serious complications or conversion to open operation with laparoscopic colectomy.Evaluation of these risk factors preoperatively should influence the decision to perform colectomy using laparoscopic techniques.

  15. Factors Influencing Tacit Knowledge in Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jawahar Nesan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Increased complexity of the construction business and consequentuse of new management concepts and technologies ledconstruction organisations to focus more on the transfer of explicitknowledge. However, it is the tacit knowledge that determinesthe construction companies’ competitiveness in a business thatis driven by turbulent market conditions and customers’ everincreasingdemands. This paper highlights the importance of tacitknowledge sharing in construction, explores the challenges andopportunities to efficiently share tacit knowledge, and based on theliterature review identifies some critical factors that influence tacitknowledge in construction. It is argued that employees’ knowledgesharing (learning behaviours are influenced by work practices thatare borne by respective organisational behaviours. Organisational,cultural, and project characteristics that facilitate knowledgesharing among construction employees are explored and thepractices that influence the construction employee behaviour insharing tacit knowledge are highlighted.

  16. Factors Influencing Tacit Knowledge in Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jawahar Nesan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Increased complexity of the construction business and consequentuse of new management concepts and technologies ledconstruction organisations to focus more on the transfer of explicitknowledge. However, it is the tacit knowledge that determinesthe construction companies’ competitiveness in a business thatis driven by turbulent market conditions and customers’ everincreasingdemands. This paper highlights the importance of tacitknowledge sharing in construction, explores the challenges andopportunities to efficiently share tacit knowledge, and based on theliterature review identifies some critical factors that influence tacitknowledge in construction. It is argued that employees’ knowledgesharing (learning behaviours are influenced by work practices thatare borne by respective organisational behaviours. Organisational,cultural, and project characteristics that facilitate knowledgesharing among construction employees are explored and thepractices that influence the construction employee behaviour insharing tacit knowledge are highlighted.

  17. Microencapsulation techniques, factors influencing encapsulation efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jyothi, N Venkata Naga; Prasanna, P Muthu; Sakarkar, Suhas Narayan; Prabha, K Surya; Ramaiah, P Seetha; Srawan, G Y

    2010-05-01

    Microencapsulation is one of the quality preservation techniques of sensitive substances and a method for production of materials with new valuable properties. Microencapsulation is a process of enclosing micron-sized particles in a polymeric shell. There are different techniques available for the encapsulation of drug entities. The encapsulation efficiency of the microparticle or microsphere or microcapsule depends upon different factors like concentration of the polymer, solubility of polymer in solvent, rate of solvent removal, solubility of organic solvent in water, etc. The present article provides a literature review of different microencapsulation techniques and different factors influencing the encapsulation efficiency of the microencapsulation technique.

  18. Factors Influencing Consumer Behavior of Smartphone Users

    OpenAIRE

    Nagarkoti, Bishal

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study is to know about the factors influencing consumer behavior of Smartphone users. Under this study, the main focus is to identify whether Smartphone users buy Smartphone because of their need or wish, reasons to buy expensive smart phones, how social and personal factors affect them to make purchasing decision, for what purposes they use Smartphone, where and how long a day, change in usage of com-puters due to Smartphone and how high is the phone bill after using Smartphon...

  19. FACTORS INFLUENCING BENDING RIGIDITY OF SUBMERGED VEGETATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Long-hua; YANG Xiao-li

    2011-01-01

    The bending rigidity of submerged vegetation is closely related with vegetative drag force.This work aims at determining the effects of flow conditions and characteristics of vegetation on the bending rigidity of submerged vegetation.Based on the dimensional analysis method,the factors influencing the bending rigidity of individual submerged vegetation were analyzed.The relationship between the relative bending rigidity and its influencing factors was investigated by experimental observation,and a relative bending rigidity expression for submerged vegetation was obtained by means of multiple linear regression method.The results show that the submerged vegetation has three states under different inflow conditions,and the each critical relative bending rigidity of individual submerged vegetation was determined for the different states of submerged vegetation.

  20. Investigating different factors influencing on brand equity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afsane Zamanimoghadam

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to determine and prioritize factors influencing on brand equity in consumer’s point of view for a case study of Samsung appliance consumers in city of Tehran, Iran. The study investigates the effects of four factors in terms of the customer's perspective, price, advertisement, family and brand image, by dimensions of brand equity, perceived quality, brand awareness, brand association, brand loyalty, on brand equity. The research method is based on a descriptive-survey research. The questionnaire includes Samsung consumers in city of Tehran, Iran. To test the hypotheses, SPSS and LISREL software packages are used. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and inferential statistical tests including structural equation modeling and path analysis are used. The results of the survey have indicated that family and brand image influence positively on brand equity but the effects of advertisement and price on brand equity were not confirmed.

  1. College Student Mind-Set: Does Student-Parental Relationship Influence the Student's Mind-Set?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waithaka, Abel Gitimu; Furniss, Teresa M.; Gitimu, Priscilla N.

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine influence mother and father nurturance on college students fixed and growth mindset. Studies have shown that students who have support of their parents have a better chance of acquiring a growth mindset and attitudes in order to succeed in post-secondary education. Data were collected among 167 adult…

  2. Factors (Not) Affecting What Students Do with Computers and Internet at Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinostroza, J. Enrique; Matamala, Carolina; Labbé, Christian; Claro, Magdalena; Cabello, Tania

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an analysis of secondary students' computer use, aimed at understanding how different factors influence the profile of activities carried out by students with computers. The analysis is based on the data from a national study aimed at measuring students' Information and Communication Technology (ICT)…

  3. Students' Perceptions of Factors That Contribute to Risk and Success in Accelerated High School Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaunessy-Dedrick, Elizabeth; Suldo, Shannon M.; Roth, Rachel A.; Fefer, Sarah A.

    2015-01-01

    In this qualitative study, we investigated 15 successful and 15 struggling high school students, perceived stressors, coping strategies, and intrapersonal and environmental factors that students perceive to influence their success in college-level courses. We found that students' primary sources of stress involved meeting numerous academic demands…

  4. Student and Teacher Factors as Predictors of Statistics Achievement in Federal School of Statistics Ibadan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adetona, Abel Adekanmi

    2017-01-01

    The study aimed at assessing how students and teachers factor taken together influence students' achievement in Statistics as well as their relative contribution to the prediction. Two research questions were raised and purposive sampling was adopted to select national diploma year 2 students since they are already in their final level in the…

  5. Factors (Not) Affecting What Students Do with Computers and Internet at Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinostroza, J. Enrique; Matamala, Carolina; Labbé, Christian; Claro, Magdalena; Cabello, Tania

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an analysis of secondary students' computer use, aimed at understanding how different factors influence the profile of activities carried out by students with computers. The analysis is based on the data from a national study aimed at measuring students' Information and Communication Technology (ICT) skills for…

  6. Empirical Study of Intercultural Communicative Competence of College Students and Its Influencing Factors%大学生跨文化交际能力现状及其影响因素实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳艳

    2016-01-01

    以实证研究的方式调查了石河子大学400名非英语专业本科生的跨文化交际能力及其影响因素,结果显示,非英语专业本科生的跨文化交际能力偏低;英语水平、学习动机、文化态度、跨文化知识获取途径等因素对跨文化交际能力均有不同程度的影响,拟从提高学生英语水平、激发学习动机、提升教师和学生跨文化意识等方面入手提高学生跨文化交际能力。%The students′intercultural communicative competence and its influencing factors were investi-gated based on an empirical study of 400 non-English majors in Shihezi University in this paper.The re-sult showed that the students′overall intercultural communicative competence is relatively poor,such fac-tors as students′English level, their learning motivation, cultural attitude and access to intercultural knowledge all influence students′intercultural communicative competence to varying degrees.Therefore, efforts should be made to improve students′intercultural communicative competence,improve students′English level,stimulate students′learning motivation and raise the intercultural awareness of both the teachers and students.

  7. 大学生社交性吸烟行为及吸烟影响因素研究%Situation on social smoking behavoir and influencing factors about smoking among college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚成静; 董树平

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解大学生社交性吸烟行为的发生情况并探讨认知态度对大学生启动吸烟的影响.方法 采用分层随机抽样方法,对某市579名高校大学生进行社交性吸烟行为、吸烟认知态度、家庭环境和应对方式的调查.采用X2检验、单因素方差分析和回归分析进行统计分析.结果 被调查者总体吸烟率为19.6%,其中社交性吸烟者占全部吸烟者的18%.对吸烟行为的认知态度和同伴影响与社交性吸烟行为呈正相关(r=0.264,P =0.000;r=0.428,P=0.000);社交场合的饮酒行为与社交性吸烟行为呈正相关(r=0.220,P=0.000).年龄、同伴影响、社交场合的饮酒行为是大学生启动吸烟行为危险因素,其中社交场合递烟是启动吸烟的重要危险因素(OR=6.284,95% CI:3.213-12.287).结论 社交性吸烟行为在大学生中较为普遍,更容易受到认知态度和社交群体行为的影响.%Objective To understand the characteristics of social smoking behavior, and explore the effects of attitudes to smoking initiation in college students. Methods Using randomized sampling, 579 students were investigated with a questionnaire including socio-demographic facton, attitudes of social smoking, Family Environment Scale Chinese Version (FES-CV) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ). Data were analyzed by x2-test, correlation and regression analysis. Results The total rate of smoking was 19.6% , and the rate of social smoking was 18% , respectively. Cognitive attitudes towards smoking behaviors and peer influence were correlated positively with the social smoking behaviors (r = 0.264, P = 0.000; r = 0.428, P = 0.000). Drinking behaviors also showed positively related with social smoking behaviors (r=0.220, P =0.000). Age, peer influencing and drinking were risk factors of smoking initiation in college students (Off =6.284, 95%CI: 3.213-12.287). Conclusion Social smoking behavior existed generally in college students and much

  8. Caring Ability of Nursing Students and Its influencing factors%111名实习护生关怀能力及影响因素调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄翠; 陈瑜

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the caring ability of nursing students, to explore its influencing factors and to provide training strategies for improving nursing students’ caring ability. Methods The survey was conducted among 120 nursing students with the questionnaire of demographic data, Caring Ability Inventory and the questionnaire of nursing care cognition and clinical application. Results The total score of nursing students’ caring ability was 177.5±17.0, which was lower than that of the foreign norm. Scores from nursing students with different educational background and different practice time reflected statistical significance (P<0.05). And the influencing factors of caring ability included insufficient nursing staff, nursing staff’s quality and personalized caring need of patients with different cultural background. Conclusion The caring ability of nursing students needs to be improved. Nursing students with different educational backgrounds show differences in caring ability. The training of caring ability is beneficial to improving their self-confidence and clinical practice ability.%  目的了解护理专业实习生关怀能力现状,探讨其相关影响因素,以提出针对性的培养策略,提高实习护生的关怀能力.方法采用问卷调查法,对在某三级甲等医院实习8个月及以上的实习护生就关怀能力、关怀知识获取途径、关怀实施情况进行调查.调查问卷包括人口统计学资料调查表、关怀能力评价量表和护理关怀的认知及其临床应用情况调查表,问卷设1个开放性问题了解影响护生实施关怀的因素.结果本组护生总体关怀能力评分为(177.5±17.0)分,低于国外常模;受教育水平不同、实习时间不同的护生在关怀能力差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);影响护生关怀能力的主要因素:护理人员配备不足、护理人员自身修养及素质、不同文化背景的病人对关怀需要个体差异性

  9. 高职高专护生临终关怀态度及影响因素%Hospice care attitude of nursing students in Higher Vocational Colleges and its influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵影; 唐艳华; 张小方; 丁晶晶; 丛静

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the hospice care attitude of nursing students in Higher Vocational colleges and related influencing factors.Methods:A total of 105 nursing students were selected from nursing profession grade 2014 in our school by using cluster random sampling.They were surveyed by the humanistic care quality scale,attitudes towards death scale,and nursing professional hospice care attitude scale.Results:The personal worries and professional anxiety scores of hospice care attitude of nursing students in higher vocational colleges were 54.37±3.90,73.07±3.89.Fear of death was positively correlated with all dimensions of hospice care(P<0.05).The knowledge of nursing humanistic care was positively correlated with professional care(P<0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that caring knowledge and the fear of death were the main factors in-fluencing the nursing students attitude of hospice care.Conclusion:The level of hospice care of nursing students in higher vocational colleges was higher.Nursing humanistic care knowledge and fear of death affected the atti-tude of professional hospice care.%[目的]探讨高职高专护生的临终关怀态度及相关影响因素。[方法]采用整群随机抽样的方法,抽取我校护理专业2014级两个班级的105名护生,应用护士人文关怀品质量表、死亡态度量表、职业性临终关怀态度量表对105名护生进行调查。[结果]高职高专护生临终关怀态度的个人忧虑、专业忧虑态度维度得分分别为54.37分±3.90分、73.07分±3.89分;死亡恐惧与临终关怀态度各维度呈正相关(P<0.05);护理人文关怀知识与专业忧虑态度呈正相关(P<0.05)。多重线性回归分析显示关怀知识、死亡恐惧是影响护生临终关怀态度的主要因素。[结论]我校高职高专护生临终关怀忧虑水平较高,护理人文关怀知识、死亡恐惧影响职业性临终关怀态度。

  10. Sleep quality and its influence factors among middle school students in Changsha city%长沙市中学生睡眠质量及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严虎; 陈晋东; 赵丽萍; 朱薇薇; 伍海姗

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study sleep quality and its related factors among middle school students in Changsha city,and to provide evidence for improving sleeping status of the students.Methods Totally 2 216 middle school students in Changsha city were selected with cluster sampling and surveyed with questionnaires including a self-designed general questionnaire,Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI),Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC) and SelfEsteem Scale(SES).Results The overall prevalence of sleep problems was 14.4% in the students and the mean score of PSQI was 4.90 ± 2.55.The sleep problems of the rural students and the senior high school students were worse than those in the urban students and the junior school students(P <0.01).The total score of PSQI was positively correlated with age,family violence,negative life event,and the score of self-esteem (r = 0.051-0.316,P < 0.05) and inversely correlated with familial economic status,family relationship and strict parents (r =-0.202-0.071,P <0.01).The factors influencing the quality of sleep in the students included negative life events (β = 0.260),junior or senior student (β = 0.166),family relationship (β =-0.128),the score of self-esteem (β = 0.112),strict parents (β =-0.081),and familial economic status (β = 0.081).Conclusion Sleep quality of middle school students is related to multiple factors and effective measures should be taken to promote physical and mental health of middle school students.%目的 了解湖南省长沙市中学生睡眠质量及其影响因素,为采取有效措施改善中学生睡眠质量提供参考.方法 采取分层整群随机抽样方法,对长沙市2 216名中学生进行自制问卷、匹兹堡睡眠质量指数、青少年生活事件量表和自尊量表测评.结果 长沙市中学生PSQI总分为(4.90±2.548)分,睡眠问题检出率为14.4%,其中农村中学生和高中学生睡眠问题分别高于城

  11. Factors Influencing Impulse Buying in Retail Stores

    OpenAIRE

    Giorgadze, Nino

    2014-01-01

    Impulse buying is a widely pervasive phenomenon. Statistics shows that more and more shoppers are experiencing irresistible urge to purchase unplanned and in most cases unnecessary product. Existing researches fall short in identifying most suitable tools that marketers can adopt in order to promote impulsive sales. Therefore, this thesis provides deep analysis of those, controllable factors that influence impulse buying. Particularly four external cues are examined: product display, promotio...

  12. Major Factors influences the 2008 Stock Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ 2007 was an unusual year for China's stock market, as the index climbed from 2675 points up to 6124 by the end of the year, setting new records again and again throughout 2007. What will happen to the stock market in the coming 2008? Let's havea look at some of the main factors that will influence the stock market this year, perhaps we can find out if 2008 will be another memorable year full of surprises.

  13. Study on the influencing factors of suicidal ideation among university students in Harbin%哈尔滨市大学生自杀意念调查及其影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳杰; 邱晓惠; 杨秀贤; 乔正学; 韩冬; 王凯; 刘建平

    2010-01-01

    Objective To understand the status of suicidal ideation and attitudes towards suicide among university students in Harbin as well as the influencing factors. Methods A multi-stage stratified random clustered sampling procedure was used to select university students(n=5240)who were aged 16-43 years, in Harbin. Factors associated with suicidal ideation were analyzed with logistic regression by demography characteristics and scores on the suicide acceptability scale and the social support rating scale(SSRS). Results According to our data, 9.1% of the respondents had suicidal ideation and 1% had made a suicide attempt. The influencing factors for suicidal ideation were gender, major, relationship between their parents, acceptance on thc idca of suicide attempt,the state of social support and the history of suicide attempt. Conclusion The suicidal ideation of university students in Harbin should not be neglected. Measures should be taken to improve the quality of mental health and to reduce the ratio of suicide behavior among college students.%目的 了解哈尔滨市大学生自杀意念发生情况,分析其影响因素.方法 采用分层随机整群抽样的方法,用自编自杀意念、行为及危险因素调查表、自杀接受程度量表和社会支持量表作为工具对黑龙江省6所高校(哈尔滨工程大学、哈尔滨医科大学、黑龙江大学、黑龙江科技学院、哈尔滨师范大学和哈尔滨工业大学)的5240名学生进行问卷调查,评估大学生自杀意念的发生率及在不同困境下考虑自杀的可能性.结果 哈尔滨市大学生中有9.1%的人曾经有过自杀意念,1%的人有自杀未遂行为.logistic回归分析显示自杀意念的影响因素有性别、专业、父母关系、社会支持情况、对自杀的接受情况以及自杀未遂既往史.结论 大学生自杀意念现状不容忽视,为减少大学生自杀行为应采取针对性措施提高大学生心理健康水平.

  14. Factors influencing the eicosanoids synthesis in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szefel, Jarosław; Kruszewski, Wiesław Janusz; Sobczak, Ewa

    2015-01-01

    External factors activate a sequence of reactions involving the reception, transduction, and transmission of signals to effector cells. There are two main phases of the body's reaction to harmful factors: the first aims to neutralize the harmful factor, while in the second the inflammatory process is reduced in size and resolved. Secondary messengers such as eicosanoids are active in both phases. The discovery of lipoxins and epi-lipoxins demonstrated that not all arachidonic acid (AA) derivatives have proinflammatory activity. It was also revealed that metabolites of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) such as resolvins, protectins, and maresins also take part in the resolution of inflammation. Knowledge of the above properties has stimulated several clinical trials on the influence of EPA and DHA supplementation on various diseases. However, the equivocal results of those trials prevent the formulation of guidelines on EPA and DHA supplementation. Prescription drugs are among the substances with the strongest influence on the profile and quantity of the synthesized eicosanoids. The lack of knowledge about their influence on the conversion of EPA and DHA into eicosanoids may lead to erroneous conclusions from clinical trials.

  15. A Review of Factors Influencing Health Inequalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Almaspoor Khanghah

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ​Background and Objectives : Inequity in health is a universal term which is used for showing current differences, variations and inequalities of people in accessing to health services. The current study aimed to assess the factors influencing health inequalities to present the results to the researchers and health care professionals. Material and Methods : In this review, several databases including PubMed, Proquest, Scopus, Google Scholar search engine, SID and IranDoc were searched within 2000-2014 period. We found 746 articles and refined them step by step according to the aim of the study by reviewing the titles, abstracts and full texts. Finally, 16 articles were selected for further study Results: In the present study, identified determinants in health inequalities were as follows: 1- Economic and income factors 2- Political factors, social and public policy 3- Cultural and social values 4- social and demographic factors 5- Behavioral, psychological and biological factors. Although, other factors like governmental, international, social cohesion, incidents and even the health system itself were involved in health inequalities, but the listed determinants were among the most important determinants in health inequalities in the conducted studies. Conclusion : Given the importance of people's health and inequalities in health, the approach should focus on reducing the inequalities in all policies and development programs and the role of these factors should be taken into consideration by managers and policy-makers

  16. Generational Approach to Factors Influencing Career Choice in Accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jony Hsiao

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This research aims to grasp which factors influence the generation Y to choose accounting as its career. A significant decline in the number of candidates willing to pursue a career as accountant has been observed abroad - USA, Australia, and Japan. However, in other countries - Brazil, Singapore, and Hong Kong - the opposite has been observed. Another issue is the decline in educational qualification of those pursuing an accounting career, contributing in a way that many talented students change their career choice. This may be explained by the fact that people tend to believe accounting is an exact science, full of calculations, boring, and not very creative, bringing an unbalance between the traits an individual should have according to the job market and those perceived by society. In order to give a contribution to literature concerning the factors that influence the generation Y in its career choice, a goal of this research was conducting an exploratory study where some hypotheses were formulated to support the discussion. We used Mannheim's Generational Theory and the literature on career choice. Data collection was carried out using a questionnaire, based on Schwartz's Portrait Value Questionnaire and Germeijs and Verschueren's Student Choice Task Inventory, adapted through focus group interview. Data were fully collected online and the sample consisted of 665 subjects. The results showed that people who chose accounting as their career were influenced by factors such as creativity, independence, challenging and dynamic environment, job security, money-making, job availability, and other significant people - friends and teachers. The subjects were not influenced by social factors, such as working with people and making contributions to society and family. They wish for more autonomy, creativity, and flexibility at work, and people still care about job security and money-making.

  17. Investigation of the Factors Affecting Occupation Choices of High School Students with Paired Comparison Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Funda NALBANTOĞLU YILMAZ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to determine effect sequences of factors that play a role in the professional choices of high school students. The study was conducted from 355 high school students who can give thorough and sincere information. The compositions written by students were examined and the field literature survey was done to determine the factors that play a role in the professional selection of the students. In this respect, 9 factors that affect the professional selection of the students have been determined. These factors were presented to students in pairs. And then students were asked to indicate which pair is more effective in their professional selection. Paired comparison scaling was used to determine the order of influence of the factors that affect the professional preferences of the students. According to the results of the analysis, it seems that the most important effect of professional selection of students (except 11th grade students is the interest in a profession. Also the professional selection of girls and boys are mostly influenced by their interests. At the same time, it is observed that students' university entrance examination scores substantially affect their professional selection. On the other hand, the preferences of the students are influenced by at least the environment.

  18. 湖南省中学生交通违规行为现状调查及影响因素分析%Investigation of traffic law violations among middle school students in Hunan province and the influencing factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琦琦; 朱松林; 马苑; 何琼; 谭爱春; 胡国清

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解湖南省中学生交通违规行为发生情况,探讨不同程度交通违规行为的影响因素.方法:采用分层整群抽样方法随机抽取湖南省16个中学96个班的学生及其家长作为研究对象.由学生回顾最近1年内5种常见违规行为出现情况,影响因素中的家庭支持功能和家长教养方式分别采用家庭功能评定量表和子女教育心理控制源量表进行评价,其他变量通过自编问卷进行调查.采用Kruskal-Wallis H检验和无序多分类logistic回归分析数据.结果:湖南省中学生在过去1年中5种交通违规行为发生率为16.6%~43.3%,"过马路闯红灯或不走人行横道线"回答"经常"或"几乎总是"的学生占8.2%,其他4种交通违规行为的学生所占比例均不到4%.同时出现1~5种交通违规行为学生的比例依次为25.3%,17.8%,10.2%,6.2%和3.4%.Logistic回归发现:出现1种违规行为的影响因素包括地区、初/高中和是否为独生子女;出现2种违规行为的影响因素包括地区、初/高中、性别、是否为独生子女和是否为班干部;出现3种及以上违规行为的影响因素包括学校类别、初/高中、性别、是否为班干部、家庭支持功能和家长教养方式.结论:仅少部分学生经常或几乎每次都出现交通违规行为,或同时出现多种交通违规行为.学校安全教育和干预应将交通违规程度较重学生作为重点.%Objective To determine the incidence of traffic law violations among middle school students of Hunan province and to identify the influencing factors.Methods Stratified sampling and cluster sampling were used to randomly select students from 96 classes of 16 middle schools.Road traffic law violations were measured through recalling the occurrence of 5 common violations in the prior year.Most of influencing factors were collected by self-designed questionnaire except for family support function and parenting that were measured by the family

  19. Critical incidents influencing students' selection of elective science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Essary, Danny Ray

    Purpose of the study. The purpose of the study was to investigate the critical incidents that determined high school students' self selection into and out of elective science classes. The Critical Incident Technique was used to gather data. Procedure. Subjects for study were 436 students attending five high schools within the geographical boundaries of a Northeast Texas County. Each student was enrolled in a senior level government/economics course during the spring semester of 1997. Students enrolled and in attendance during data collection procedures were subjects of the study. The subjects recorded 712 usable critical incidents. Incidents were categorized by examiners and a total of eleven incident categories emerged for analysis purposes. Incident frequencies were categorized by sample population, selectors, and nonselectors; subdivided by gender. Findings. The following categories emerged for study; (A) Mentored, (B) Requirements, (C) Personal Interest(s), (D) Level of Difficulty, (E) Time Restraints, (F) Future Concerns, (G) Grades, (H) Teacher, (I) Peer Influence, (J) Challenge, (K) Other Academic Experiences. Data were analyzed qualitatively to answer research questions and quantitatively to test hypotheses. There was an emergence of ten incident categories for nonselectors and an emergence of eleven incident categories for selectors. Of the twelve hypotheses, four failed to be rejected and eight were rejected. Conclusions. Nonselectors and selectors of elective science were influenced by various external factors. Requirements were influential for nonselectors. Nonselectors chose to select the minimum number of science classes necessary for graduation. Selectors were influenced by curriculum requirements, future concerns and mentors. Special programs that required extra science classes were influential in students' decisions to enroll in elective science. Gender differences were not influential for selectors or nonselectors of elective science.

  20. 南昌市950名初中生睡眠状况及其影响因素分析%Analysis of sleep quality and the influencing factors in senior middle school student sin Nanchang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万爱兰; 郭明; 袁也丰; 卢和丽; 杨丽霞

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the sleep quality of middle school students and influencing factors, andto provide theoretic basis for developing middle school students' sleep quality.Methods Totally 950 middle school students in Nanchangwere selected by cluster sampling and surveyed with questionnaire including Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index ( PSQI ) , Self-Rating Anxiety Scale ( SAS ), Self-Rating Depression Scale ( SDS )and self-made general questionnaire.Results There was 17.68 % of the students having sleeping problems, grade three accounted for 7.58%,grade one accounted for 6.21% and grade two for 3.90%, sleeping quality was worse among the students in grade three than grade two (x2 = 13.581,P <0.01 ).There were significant differences among different grades in sleep latency, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep duration, sleep disturbance,daytime dysfunction, except subjective sleep quality ( P < 0.05 ).Value of variable of the students in grade three ( OR = 1.701 ), living alone ( OR =7.618 ), parents expectations( OR = 1.502 ), having a dream( OR = 1.247 ), anxiety ( OR = 1.675 ), depression( OR = 1.865 ), taking physical exercise every week ( OR = 0.522 ) and relationships ( OR = 0.584 ) accessed into Logistic regression equation of the PSQI scores.Conclusion There are more common sleep problems in grade three;grades, living alone, parents expectations, having a dream, anxiety and depression have a protective effect on sleep quality, but taking physical exercise every week and relationships are risk factors.%目的 探讨南昌市初中生睡眠质量现状及其影响因素,为提高初中生睡眠健康提供参考依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法,对南昌市区部分学校初中生950名进行自编问卷、匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(PSQI)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)和抑郁自评量表(SDS)测评.结果 南昌市在校初中生睡眠问题的发生率为17.68%,其中初三学生为35.12%,初一学生为22.02%,初二学生为42.86%,初三