WorldWideScience

Sample records for facilitating electronic commerce

  1. Electronic Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Đerić

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Electronic commerce can be defined in different ways. Any definition helps to understand and explain that concept as better as possible.. Electronic commerce is a set of procedures and technologies that automate the tasks of financial transactions using electronic means. Also, according to some authors, electronic commerce is defined as a new concept, which is being developed and which includes process of buying and selling or exchanging products, services or information via computer networks, including the Internet. Electronic commerce is not limited just to buying and selling, but it also includes all pre-sales and after-sales ongoing activities along the supply chain. Introducing electronic commerce, using the Internet and Web services in business, realizes the way to a completely new type of economy - internet economy.

  2. Electronic commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Veselková, Zdeňka

    2012-01-01

    The thesis deals with a description of electronic commerce from its beginning up to present situation in this area. It explains basic terms connected with electronic commerce and it summarizes the relevant legislation. Moreover it describes e-contracts and rights and duties of both contractual parties. The main view is the view of Internet retailer, which is reflected in the practical part focused on concrete problems of retailers.

  3. Electronic Commerce

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laird, N. [NRG Information Services Inc., Calgary, AB (Canada)

    1995-11-01

    The concept of electronic commerce in the gas industry was discussed. It was defined as the integration of communication technology, advanced information processing capability and business standards, to improve effectiveness of the business process. Examples of electronic data interchange from the automotive, airline, and banking industry were given. The objective of using this technology in the gas industry was described as the provision of one electronic facility to make seamless contractual and operational arrangements for moving natural gas across participating pipelines. The benefit of seamless integration - one readily available standard system used by several companies - was highlighted. A list of value-added services such as the free movement of bulletins, directories, nominations,and other documents was provided.

  4. Electronic commerce versus traditional commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Dorin Vicentiu Popescu; Manoela Popescu

    2007-01-01

    The internet represents new opportunities for the traditional companies, including the diversification of the given services and also the promotion of the new ones, which are personalized and attractive and they are possible thanks to the information and communication technologies. According to this, the Internet impact, which has allowed the development of a new form of commerce- the commerce via Internet (which is a component of the electronic commerce), against the traditional global comme...

  5. Atomicity in Electronic Commerce,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    tremendous demand for the ability to electronically buy and sell goods over networks. Electronic commerce has inspired a large variety of work... commerce . It then briefly surveys some major types of electronic commerce pointing out flaws in atomicity. We pay special attention to the atomicity...problems of proposals for digital cash. The paper presents two examples of highly atomic electronic commerce systems: NetBill and Cryptographic Postage Indicia.

  6. Handbook on electronic commerce

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shaw, M. [Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (United States). Beckman Inst. for Advanced Science and Technology; Blanning, R. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). Owen Graduate School of Management; Strader, T. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Management Information Systems; Whinston, A. [eds.] [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Management Science and Information Systems

    2000-07-01

    The world is undergoing a revolution to a digital economy, with pronounced implications for corporate strategy, marketing, operations, information systems, customer services, global supply-chain management, and product distribution. This handbook examines the aspects of electronic commerce, including electronic storefront, on-line business, consumer interface, business-to-business networking, digital payment, legal issues, information product development, and electronic business models. Indispensable for academics, students and professionals who are interested in Electronic Commerce and Internet Business. (orig.)

  7. Electronic Commerce and Competitive Procurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    Explains the application of electronic commerce techniques (electronic data interchange (EDI), electronic mail (E-mail), electronic bulletin boards...purchase procedures of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). Changes to the FAR to recognize electronic commerce are recommended. Also discussed...are opportunities to use electronic commerce and small business and legal considerations of electronic commerce . This report describes how electronic

  8. Electronic Commerce user manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-04-10

    This User Manual supports the Electronic Commerce Standard System. The Electronic Commerce Standard System is being developed for the Department of Defense of the Technology Information Systems Program at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, operated by the University of California for the Department of Energy. The Electronic Commerce Standard System, or EC as it is known, provides the capability for organizations to conduct business electronically instead of through paper transactions. Electronic Commerce and Computer Aided Acquisition and Logistics Support, are two major projects under the DoD`s Corporate Information Management program, whose objective is to make DoD business transactions faster and less costly by using computer networks instead of paper forms and postage. EC runs on computers that use the UNIX operating system and provides a standard set of applications and tools that are bound together by a common command and menu system. These applications and tools may vary according to the requirements of the customer or location and may be customized to meet the specific needs of an organization. Local applications can be integrated into the menu system under the Special Databases & Applications option on the EC main menu. These local applications will be documented in the appendices of this manual. This integration capability provides users with a common environment of standard and customized applications.

  9. Electronic Commerce user manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-04-10

    This User Manual supports the Electronic Commerce Standard System. The Electronic Commerce Standard System is being developed for the Department of Defense of the Technology Information Systems Program at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, operated by the University of California for the Department of Energy. The Electronic Commerce Standard System, or EC as it is known, provides the capability for organizations to conduct business electronically instead of through paper transactions. Electronic Commerce and Computer Aided Acquisition and Logistics Support, are two major projects under the DoD's Corporate Information Management program, whose objective is to make DoD business transactions faster and less costly by using computer networks instead of paper forms and postage. EC runs on computers that use the UNIX operating system and provides a standard set of applications and tools that are bound together by a common command and menu system. These applications and tools may vary according to the requirements of the customer or location and may be customized to meet the specific needs of an organization. Local applications can be integrated into the menu system under the Special Databases Applications option on the EC main menu. These local applications will be documented in the appendices of this manual. This integration capability provides users with a common environment of standard and customized applications.

  10. Consulting in Electronic Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florentina Loredana Tache

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Economic development of electronic services provide advice and many agents of existingreferral systems to recommend and provide products, information and customized views of thecommunity through a personalized interaction in real time. Distributed systems of autonomous agentsare becoming increasingly important in electronic comet because the basic decisions of agents adviceon trust and reputation are taken in a similar way human society. If these decisions will be as a realconsumer protection, when new aspects of online consumer legislation will become usefulinformation in advice and consulting of electronic commerce.

  11. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE PORTAL

    OpenAIRE

    Georgeta Soava

    2011-01-01

    Today companies are faced with the need to exploit technology changing computer environments, in order to improve customer satisfaction and reduce costs. A successful approach to electronic portals is an effective demonstration of the new ways of relating to the client. The objectives that we have considered for the realization of e-commerce portal can be summarized as follows: structured communication, effective collaboration, complet and closed circuit of orders and deliveries, inventory op...

  12. FRAUD IN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

    OpenAIRE

    Valentin-Stelian Badescu

    2013-01-01

    Electronic commerce is experiencing a great extent, and about the same extent fraud seeks - and sometimes is the place to impressive levels. Moreover, computer fraud and, the actors' they do not seem to suffer from the global economic recession and get as sophisticated as a legitimate business model and one of the most important dimensions of the work of modern organizations is the manipulation of information (collection, processing, storage, distribution, etc.). This component informational ...

  13. Workflow Management in Electronic Commerce

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grefen, P.W.P.J.; Spaccapietra, S.; March, S.T.; Kambayashi, Y.

    2002-01-01

    In electronic commerce scenarios, effectiveness and efficiency of business process execution are of paramount importance for business success. Even more than in traditional commerce scenarios, they determine the chances of survival of organizations in fast moving, highly competitive electronic marke

  14. Electronic Commerce Removing Regulatory Impediments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-05-01

    AD-A252 691 ELECTRONIC COMMERCE Removing Regulatory Impediments ~DuiG A% ELECTE I JUL1 8 1992 0 C D Daniel J. Drake John A. Ciucci ... - ""N ST AT KE...Management Institute 6400 Goldsboro Road Bethesda, Maryland 20817-5886 92 LMI Executive Summary ELECTRONIC COMMERCE : REMOVING REGULATORY IMPEDIMENTS... Electronic Commerce techniques, such as electronic mail and electronic data interchange (EDI), enable Government agencies to conduct business without the

  15. KEAMANAN DALAM ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre M. R. Wajong

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to give information and understanding about security threat that could happen in security system in e-commerce. The approach used is how the transaction system is, how the security is applied, and also the possible security threat in e-commerce. The result of this research is that there are still gaps in e-commerce. It is hoped that the business actors will be more realized about the security importance and more aware about the possible threat.

  16. KEAMANAN DALAM ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

    OpenAIRE

    Andre M. R. Wajong; Carolina Rizki Putri

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to give information and understanding about security threat that could happen in security system in e-commerce. The approach used is how the transaction system is, how the security is applied, and also the possible security threat in e-commerce. The result of this research is that there are still gaps in e-commerce. It is hoped that the business actors will be more realized about the security importance and more aware about the possible threat.

  17. Consumer protection in electronic commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicoleta Andreea NEACŞU

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Electronic commerce is one of the most important aspects of the Internet and allows people to buy instant. Fast and easy development of e-commerce has led to the necessity of consumer protection in cyberspace, where trade takes place, so as to ensure consumer safety and security matters. This article examines e-commerce in terms of consumer protection and data security, which concerns equally all stakeholders in the electronic market: buyers, sellers, banks, courier cargo and other participants.

  18. Electronic commerce: beyond the euphoria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, J L; DeLuca, J M

    2000-01-01

    As the center of considerable media attention, case study articles, vendor research, and development efforts, electronic commerce technology is entering healthcare and having a profound effect. The simple truth, however, is that after the drama and excitement begins to wear off, completing a successful e-commerce implementation remains good old-fashioned hard, sometimes monotonous work. To be successful, e-commerce technologies must be planned and implemented with rigorous project standards, and incorporated with significant process and workflow reengineering to actually return significant value to the organization. This article briefs readers on the organizational issues they must consider in evaluating e-commerce readiness--cultural, executive and technological factors that either support or inhibit project and technology success. Readers will be left with the tools to conduct an electronic commerce "readiness assessment" to evaluate the immediate, mid- and long-term potential of electronic commerce; practical remediation strategies for better preparing the organization for the changes inherent in moving to an e-commerce-enabled business model; and comments from the field--advice from organizations that have successfully implemented e-commerce technologies into their ongoing operations.

  19. Netzwerkeffekte im Electronic Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Hasfeld, Peter

    2005-01-01

    Mit dem Aufkommen von E-Commerce verband sich die Einschätzung vieler Ökonomen, dass die transparente Struktur und der ortsunabhängige Zugriff per Internet zu nahezu vollkommenem Wettbewerb auf elektronischen Märkten führen würde. Letztendlich, so eine weitverbreitete Annahme, würde ein verstärkter Wettbewerb in elektronischen Märkten einsetzen, womit sich sowohl das Preisniveau als auch die Preisstreuung erheblich gegenüber physischen Märkten vermindern würde. Diese Prophezeiungen bezüglich ...

  20. Understanding Electronic Commerce from a historical perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Heng, S.H.

    2000-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to examine the macro-level phenomena associated with electronic commerce (EC), and it is mainly being informed by a study of the history of commerce. Commerce in its modem form first appeared in early 13th century in Italy where the political conditions were conducive for it. Trade facilitated the exchange of goods, thereby enhancing the efficiency between production and consumption. Even more important than this was its role in the creation of many modem business pra...

  1. Electronic Commerce on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-01

    electronic commerce , where companies transact business spontaneously over the Internet. In restructuring its procurement processes, The Federal Government has a unique opportunity to exploit this electronic marketplace, and to influence its development in ways that benefit us all. This report describes a vision of the electronic marketplace, the requirements it must satisfy, an architecture for addressing those requirements, and a graceful migration path to the marketplace from current EDI technology and practice. It identifies five key concepts for government

  2. The impact of electronic commerce

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, Kaiyin

    1997-01-01

    The development of electronic commerce offers a promising way for business to meet challenges of the ever changing market. The fast advancing information infrastructure makes the connectiviry possible to reach almost everywhere in the world, but it does not ensure a successful business process. The

  3. Electronic Commerce "in the dark"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buzzi, Maria Claudia; Buzzi, Marina; Leporini, Barbara; Senette, Caterina

    The widespread diffusion of electronic commerce offers a great opportunity for blind people. We describe the results of an electronic survey carried out with 22 blind and 22 sighted users in order to understand the difficulties and obstacles they experience shopping on-line, and solicit their expectations and suggestions for making the interaction simpler and more satisfying. Results show that blind users shop on-line much less than their sighted counterparts, since they encounter more difficulties not only when making a purchase, but even in the navigation phase preceding the commercial transaction. Complex layouts and unstructured content can prevent an e-transaction from being successfully completed. Furthermore, security, privacy and trustiness, common concerns for all consumers, also impact on the fear of buying via Internet for the visually impaired. Poor usability leads to a potential loss of revenue for on-line companies and a lost opportunity to increase a blind person's independence. Providing simpler, more understandable UIs would benefit all users and fuel the expansion of electronic commerce.

  4. ELECTRONIC BANKING AND ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN SERBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana B. Petrevska

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, we may witness to dramatic and visible changes in our life environment. Business ambient for companies is different every day, and it is very hard to predict a direction of future changes. There is an environment characterized by sharp competition and increasing number of competitors, fast technological improvements and highly sophisticated and informed costumers. Technological process influences the humanity strongly, changing the way that people live, work and spend. Electronic commerce and electronic banking has become incontinent, and makes a great part of today's total transactions. There are an increasing number of companies that perform their business that way and make profit. Social networks are proven to be the least expensive way of information exchange, and they are present in almost every part of the world. The globalization has reached the most distant parts of the Earth. Every resistance to new technologies is dangerous and may lead to bankruptcy. Due to the EU expansion, Internet users are to be expected, and prosperity of the e-commerce business models at the same time. In Serbia, electronic commerce is present, but not as developed as in EU countries. E-commerce, however it might be successful throughout the world, it is somewhat slow in its growth in Serbia. The reasons are numerous, and main obstacles are the lack of trust, still limited usage of banking cards, avoiding of e-payments by older population etc. Also, the recent scandals over the misuse of personal data, and e-crime are discouraging factors for the growth of e-trade and ebanking. The younger generations are ever more ready to use e-commerce, since they are open to new technologies and do not have the defensive attitude towards it. E-commerce and e-banking has growing potential even among older population, if the society prevents them from fear and mistrust.

  5. Protocols in Mobile Electronic Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Mr. Vivek B. Patil; Mr.Deepak G. Awate

    2017-01-01

    Mobile-commerce, also known by other terms such as M-Commerce or m-Commerce, is the capability to follow commerce with the help of a hand held devise like mobile phone, a Personal digital assistant PDA, a smart phone, or other emerging mobile equipment such as dash top mobile devices. Since decade Mobile-commerce is being expressed as follows: Mobile-commerce is where any transaction, involving the transfer of rights or ownership to use goods and services, which is initialized and/or processe...

  6. NS/EP Implications of Electronic Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-06-01

    THE PRESIDENT’S NATIONAL SECURITY TELECOMMUNICATIONS ADVISORY COMMITTEE NS/EP IMPLICATIONS OF ELECTRONIC COMMERCE JUNE 1999 Form SF298 Citation Data... Electronic Commerce Procedures Contract or Grant Number Program Element Number Authors Project Number Task Number Work Unit Number Performing Organization...99 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Report 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE NS/EP Implications of Electronic Commerce 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) President’s

  7. Electronic Commerce: A National Performance Review Initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-09-01

    Copy 33 of 38 copies i f i I 1 3 IDA DOCUMENT D-1729 ELECTRONIC COMMERCE : A NATIONAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW INITIATIVE ID^I ^ BIPs...as reflecting the official position of any Government Agency. IDA DOCUMENT D-1729 ELECTRONIC COMMERCE : A NATIONAL PERFORMANCE REVIEW INITIATIVE...implementation of electronic commerce , as part of the Nil, so that IDA will be well prepared to support the work of the Defense Information Systems Agency

  8. Dimensions of Electronic Commerce in Romania

    OpenAIRE

    Vlad Cãtãlina; Manea Natalia

    2011-01-01

    Since its appearance, electronic commerce has had a significant impact primarily on thinking and business performance. Also, electronic commerce, had a strong influence on the global economy by destroying the barriers of time and space, providing both traders and consumers to interact and engage in conducting commercial transactions, regardless of their location. For some companies, electronic commerce means any financial transactions using computer technology. For others, the “e-commerce” te...

  9. Meaning of Cantract Law in Electronic Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Muliuolienė, Jūratė

    2006-01-01

    The present Master’s Work “Importance of Contract Law in Electronic Commerce” explores legal regulations of electronic commerce in comparison to traditional legal regulation in Lithuania and foreign countries. Comparative analysis is focused on the significance of contract law in regulation of legal terms in electronic space. Comparative analysis of legal regulation of contract law and electronic commerce is carried out by the following aspects: concepts of contract and electronic transaction...

  10. The Evolution of Electronic Commerce Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkey, Julie

    2007-01-01

    Business schools began introducing electronic commerce programs in the late 1990s at unprecedented rates. In this study, the author examined the evolution in electronic commerce programs offered by AACSB-accredited colleges and universities from 2001 to 2005. Although these programs are declining in number, they provide the necessary skills and…

  11. Trust and Relationship Building in Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadopoulou, Panagiota; Andreou, Andreas; Kanellis, Panagiotis; Martakos, Drakoulis

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of the need for trust in electronic commerce to build customer relationships focuses on a model drawn from established theoretical work on trust and relationship marketing that highlights differences between traditional and electronic commerce. Considers how trust can be built into virtual environments. (Contains 50 references.)…

  12. Trust and Relationship Building in Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadopoulou, Panagiota; Andreou, Andreas; Kanellis, Panagiotis; Martakos, Drakoulis

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of the need for trust in electronic commerce to build customer relationships focuses on a model drawn from established theoretical work on trust and relationship marketing that highlights differences between traditional and electronic commerce. Considers how trust can be built into virtual environments. (Contains 50 references.)…

  13. The Importance of Trust in Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratnasingham, Pauline

    1998-01-01

    Introduces the new concept of trust and how it influences the process of managing the security of an organization operating in an electronic commerce environment. Theoretically, the study aims to develop a framework of trust and security to provide a set of guidelines for secure electronic commerce. (Author/LRW)

  14. The Evolution of Electronic Commerce Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkey, Julie

    2007-01-01

    Business schools began introducing electronic commerce programs in the late 1990s at unprecedented rates. In this study, the author examined the evolution in electronic commerce programs offered by AACSB-accredited colleges and universities from 2001 to 2005. Although these programs are declining in number, they provide the necessary skills and…

  15. The Importance of Trust in Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratnasingham, Pauline

    1998-01-01

    Introduces the new concept of trust and how it influences the process of managing the security of an organization operating in an electronic commerce environment. Theoretically, the study aims to develop a framework of trust and security to provide a set of guidelines for secure electronic commerce. (Author/LRW)

  16. Electronic Commerce: Themes, Concepts and Relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuo-Hsun Yu

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, bibliometric (co-citation analysis and social network analysis techniques are used to investigate the intellectual pillars of the electronic commerce literature as reported in SSCI and SCI journals between 2002 and 2006. By analyzing 22,760 citations of 840 articles, this study maps an invisible network of knowledge of electronic commerce studies. The results of the mapping can help identify the research direction of electronic commerce research and provide a valuable tool for researchers to access the literature in this area.

  17. Good Security Practices for Electronic Commerce, Including Electronic Data Interchange

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    FROM - TO) xx-xx-2002 to xx-xx-2002 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Good Security Practices for Electronic Commerce , Including Electronic Data Interchange...Report 12/1/1993 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Good Security Practices for Electronic Commerce , Including Electronic Data Interchange 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6...Maximum 200 Words) Electronic commerce (EC) is the use of documents in electronic form, rather than paper, for carrying out functions of business or

  18. Mutual authentication in electronic commerce transactions.

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Electronic commerce is a large and ever growing industry. Online transactions are returning ever-growing revenues to electronic merchants. The e-commerce industry is still facing a range of problems concerning the process of completion of online transactions. Such problems are connected to consumer fears dealing with the identity of online merchants, their security pre- cautions and methods for accepting online payments. This thesis develops and presents a Mutual Authentication Model (MAM), w...

  19. Electronic Commerce: A Taxing Dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven John Simon

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available In the last five years, remote selling-led by online organizations - has surged. The resulting growth has created concern among both traditional and remote sellers as they jockey for improved competitive position and governmental entities, in particular US states, over the erosion of their tax revenues as sales are diverted to remote sellers. This paper explores the issues and potential solutions surrounding the e-commerce tax dilemma. It provides a current assessment of the taxation environment for individuals and organizations impacted by the tax debate. Those individuals and organizations might include online business customers, remote sellers both traditional (mail order and online, tax equity organizations, and governmental bodies. Current tax obligations are explored based on landmark legal decisions. Potential short and long -term solutions are assessed.

  20. A Flexible Electronic Commerce Recommendation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Songjie

    Recommendation systems have become very popular in E-commerce websites. Many of the largest commerce websites are already using recommender technologies to help their customers find products to purchase. An electronic commerce recommendation system learns from a customer and recommends products that the customer will find most valuable from among the available products. But most recommendation methods are hard-wired into the system and they support only fixed recommendations. This paper presented a framework of flexible electronic commerce recommendation system. The framework is composed by user model interface, recommendation engine, recommendation strategy model, recommendation technology group, user interest model and database interface. In the recommender strategy model, the method can be collaborative filtering, content-based filtering, mining associate rules method, knowledge-based filtering method or the mixed method. The system mapped the implementation and demand through strategy model, and the whole system would be design as standard parts to adapt to the change of the recommendation strategy.

  1. Electronic commerce can cut purchasing costs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, T.

    1995-06-01

    Electronic commerce could be the most important strategy exercised by utilities involved in transmission and distribution in the next five to ten years. One key element of electronic commerce is electronic data interchange (EDI). EDI is the direct, standardized computer-to-computer exchange of business documents, such as purchase orders, invoices, payments and inventory analysis between trading partners. EDI enables business documents delivery in seconds instead of days. Inventory has been a big expense for utilities, especially in the transmission and distribution area. In order to provide and restore electrical service to customers, utilities have been required to stock high levels of many different items. At times, warehouse personnel have had difficulty determining the minimum quantity needed for a particular part so items are stocked just-in-case.Electronic commerce will allow utilities to more accurately determine minimum stocking requirements and reduce inventory without sacrificing customer service.

  2. A decision technology system for health care electronic commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forgionne, G A; Gangopadhyay, A; Klein, J A; Eckhardt, R

    1999-08-01

    Mounting costs have escalated the pressure on health care providers and payers to improve decision making and control expenses. Transactions to form the needed decision data will routinely flow, often electronically, between the affected parties. Conventional health care information systems facilitate flow, process transactions, and generate useful decision information. Typically, such support is offered through a series of stand-alone systems that lose much useful decision knowledge and wisdom during health care electronic commerce (e-commerce). Integrating the stand-alone functions can enhance the quality and efficiency of the segmented support, create synergistic effects, and augment decision-making performance and value for both providers and payers. This article presents an information system that can provide complete and integrated support for e-commerce-based health care decision making. The article describes health care e-commerce, presents the system, examines the system's potential use and benefits, and draws implications for health care management and practice.

  3. Executives "Plug in" to Electronic Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Education & Training, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes a programme, developed by FT Knowledge and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, USA, to guide managers through the opportunities and threats presented by electronic commerce. Focuses on areas such as marketing, electronic retailing, pricing, product design, supply chain management and communication. Highlights how the…

  4. Executives "Plug in" to Electronic Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Education & Training, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Describes a programme, developed by FT Knowledge and the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, USA, to guide managers through the opportunities and threats presented by electronic commerce. Focuses on areas such as marketing, electronic retailing, pricing, product design, supply chain management and communication. Highlights how the…

  5. Business Relations in Electronic Commerce

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjarup, Søren; Henten, Anders

    to tighter or looser business relations. Previous analyses have offered different suggestions as one line suggests that tighter connections evolve leading to electronic hierarchies, whereas another line argues that the loose transaction-based interactions from the market-sphere will dominate. Studies...... of the value chains in textile and clothing suggest mixed answers. Developments in ICTs and ecommerce offer divergent opportunities to different segments of the industry....

  6. Innovation and development of exhibition electronic-commerce based on the properties of electronic-commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jiankang

    2017-06-01

    There are two roadmaps of accomplishing exhibition electronic-commerce innovation and development. The first roadmap is that the exhibition organizers should seek mutual benefit cooperation with professional electronic-commerce platform of correspondent area with exhibition projects, thus help exhibitors realize their market object. The second roadmap is to promote innovation and development of electronic-commerce (Business-to-Customer) between both exhibitors and purchasers. Exhibition electronic-commerce must focus on innovative development in the following functions: market research and information service; advertising and business negotiation; online trading and online payment. With the aid of electronic-commerce, exhibition enterprise could have distinctive strengths such as transactions with virtualization, transparency, high efficiency and low cost, enhancing market link during enterprise research and development, promoting the efficiency of internal team collaboration and the individuation of external service, and optimizing resource allocation.

  7. Electronic Commerce, Digital Information, and the Firm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenbaum, Howard

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of the social context of electronic commerce (ecommerce) focuses on information imperatives, or rules that are critical for ecommerce firms. Concludes with a discussion of the organizational changes that can be expected to accompany the incorporation of these imperatives into the mission and core business processes of ecommerce firms.…

  8. Electronic Commerce, Digital Information, and the Firm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenbaum, Howard

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of the social context of electronic commerce (ecommerce) focuses on information imperatives, or rules that are critical for ecommerce firms. Concludes with a discussion of the organizational changes that can be expected to accompany the incorporation of these imperatives into the mission and core business processes of ecommerce firms.…

  9. A Business Case for Electronic Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-01

    Electronic Commerce . This report presents the results of that examination. Based upon an examination of 16 key documents, we estimate that DoD could realize direct and indirect cost savings of almost $1.2 billion over a 10-year period by replacing these manually processed documents with their electronic equivalents. To achieve those savings, DoD would need to make investments totaling approximately $80 million in new systems and procedures. (Author)

  10. The electronic-commerce-oriented virtual merchandise model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Xiaocui; Lu, Dongming

    2004-03-01

    Electronic commerce has been the trend of commerce activities. Providing with Virtual Reality interface, electronic commerce has better expressing capacity and interaction means. But most of the applications of virtual reality technology in EC, 3D model is only the appearance description of merchandises. There is almost no information concerned with commerce information and interaction information. This resulted in disjunction of virtual model and commerce information. So we present Electronic Commerce oriented Virtual Merchandise Model (ECVMM), which combined a model with commerce information, interaction information and figure information of virtual merchandise. ECVMM with abundant information provides better support to information obtainment and communication in electronic commerce.

  11. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE, PART OF THE INFORMATION SOCIETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TEODORESCU ANA-MARIA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article shows the role of electronic commerce in the digital economy, where information is the main resource. Internet, information society technology vector, made possible transition to a knowledge society at the beginning of XXI century. New economy involves transition from a traditional economy based on resources, to a knowledge-based economy. The development of information technology leads to major changes in the economic and social fields. In a world of globalization, e-commerce, part of the information society, manages to eliminate geographical barriers between participants at economic transactions. I presented e-commerce history, definitions. I pointed out the importance of this sector at european level by quantification of indicators. I used a theoretical research and qualitative analysis of the data. I presented values indicators at the european level, the lowest and highest value, and recorded values for Romania.

  12. Electronic Commerce as a Sustainable Business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Nemat Gorgani

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Environment, societies, and economy are the scope of sustainability in each community. Electronic commerce (e-commerce is rapidly developing due to its potential as a green business, democratic partnership and economic opportunity. Iran to date has grappled with a significant decline in economic activity across multiple economic sectors, lastingmore than a few months (years?, normally apparent in real gross domestic product (GDP, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. In this context, this study’s main objective is to demonstrate that e-commerce could be a powerful factor in creating a sustainable future for Iran. Defining Environmental economics and Innovation, competitiveness and eco-efficiency factors by the Delphi method and the Europe 2020 strategy in the National Sustainable Development Committee of Iran, these elements have been evaluated using the Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL technique with regards to Iran’s condition.Finally, the study results support the view that although Sustainable Economic and Innovation, competitiveness and eco-efficiency can be impacted by e-commerce in Iran, itstands to have the greatest impact on environmental economics. In addition the adoption of e-commerce would be both operationally and strategically viable for Iran’s society.Keywords: Socio-Economic Development, Green economics, Economic Sustainability

  13. Implications of Electronic Commerce for Fiscal Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goolsbee, Austan

    In this chapter, I will consider both sides of the relationship between electronic commerce and fiscal policy. For the impact of electronic commerce on fiscal policy, I will pay particular attention to the potential sales-tax revenue losses. The data suggest that the potential losses are actually modest over the next several years. I will also consider the reverse relationship - how fiscal policy affects Internet commerce. Here the evidence suggests that taxes have a sizable effect. I point out, though, that this only supports special treatment if there is some positive externality. Without one, the tax system will lead to excessive online buying to avoid taxes. I will then deal the neglected issue of taxes and Internet access, which can create large deadweight costs both because demand may be price-sensitive and because taxes can slow the spread of new technologies. Finally, I offer some discussion of the international context of taxes and the Internet and the international temptations to raise rates on E-commerce.

  14. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE: TANTANGAN KOMPETENSI AKUNTAN DALAM MENGHADAPI ISU INTERNAL KONTROL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setyarini Santosa

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The emerging of the internet and world wide web as enabler of electronic commerce has resulted in some complexities for accountants in conducting their engagement. In electronic commerce, which trading activities have been facilitated with computer network such as intranet, extranet or internet, internal control structure has become more complicated than those without network. Confidentiality, integrity, authenticity and non-repudiation are some of the major complex issues in the application of electronic commerce these days.Those complexities, which do not occur in non computer-based trading, are based on the fact that electronic commerce not only involves accounting disiplines but also technical comprehension from other diciplines. Accountants find difficulties in facing the internal control issues in computer-based information system environment, especially in a situation that business has already been implementing computer network in conducting its primary and support activities. This article will discuss material related to the current issues of internal control structure, the implication of electronic commerce on internal control structure and opportunities for accountants. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Kemunculan internet dan world wide web sebagai dasar berkembangnya perdagangan elektronik atau electronic commerce telah menimbulkan permasalahan yang cukup pelik bagi seorang akuntan dalam menjalankan penugasannya. Dalam lingkungan perdagangan yang sudah memanfaatkan jaringan komputer, baik dalam kapasitasnya sebagai intranet, extranet, maupun internet, sistem pengendalian internal menjadi semakin rumit. Beberapa isu seperti keamanan dan keaslian transaksi yang dulunya nampak sederhana dalam lingkungan yang tidak berbasis komputer, sekarang menjadi sangat kompleks. Dalam electronic commerce, isu-isu tersebut dikenal dengan istilah confidentiality, integrity, authenticity, non-repudiation dan sebagainya. Kekompleksan ini dikarenakan hal

  15. The Electronic Commerce Integrated Development Methodology For Small Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Stapleton, Larry; Woods, Jaqueline; McDonald, T.J.

    2005-01-01

    Electronic Commerce (EC) technologies have the ability to reshape industry structure, and in doing so modify the rules of competition, which, in turn, lead to new methods of competing (Thong, 1999; Hawkins et al., 1999). The technological shift from traditional methods to Internet-based methods of trading has facilitated cost and competitive advantage (Auger and Gallaugher, 1997). However, to maximise EC gains it is critical that organisations understand the phases of technological assimila...

  16. Agent-based services for B2B electronic commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fong, Elizabeth; Ivezic, Nenad; Rhodes, Tom; Peng, Yun

    2000-12-01

    The potential of agent-based systems has not been realized yet, in part, because of the lack of understanding of how the agent technology supports industrial needs and emerging standards. The area of business-to-business electronic commerce (b2b e-commerce) is one of the most rapidly developing sectors of industry with huge impact on manufacturing practices. In this paper, we investigate the current state of agent technology and the feasibility of applying agent-based computing to b2b e-commerce in the circuit board manufacturing sector. We identify critical tasks and opportunities in the b2b e-commerce area where agent-based services can best be deployed. We describe an implemented agent-based prototype system to facilitate the bidding process for printed circuit board manufacturing and assembly. These activities are taking place within the Internet Commerce for Manufacturing (ICM) project, the NIST- sponsored project working with industry to create an environment where small manufacturers of mechanical and electronic components may participate competitively in virtual enterprises that manufacture printed circuit assemblies.

  17. STRATEGIES FOR COMPETETIVE ADVANTAGE IN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siamak Azadi

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Despite rapid and sustained development of electronic commerce, many companies doing e-business are still in the investment and brand-building phase and have yet to show a profit. However, as e-businesses shift their focus from  building a customer base to increasing revenue growth and profitability, they should reevaluate their current business strategies, if any, and develop strategies that provide a clear path to profitability. This study uses McCarthy’s four marketing mix model and Porter’s five competitive forces model to identify strategies for Internet companies that respond to the five competitive forces and thereby achieve a competitive advantage. The study provides significant new insights into the development and implementation of e-business strategies that contribute to increased profit.

  18. Electronic Commerce, the Internet and Travel Cybermediaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul O'Brien

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available The purchase of a very expensive, complex holiday requires a great deal of information and reliable expert advice. The risks involved in such a purchase are substantial. Industry opinion leaders believe that consumers will continue to take advice from a human sales consultant before purchasing, with the exception of major corporate bookings and simple point to point bookings. This paper investigates the likely disintermediation effects of electronic commerce on Retail Travel Agents. It provides the basis for the development of a strategic framework for intermediaries that can be used to enhance business performance. The findings of exploratory interviews with travel industry opinion leaders are presented, together with recommended strategic responses for Retail Travel Agents.

  19. Electronic Commerce Logistics Network Optimization Based on Swarm Intelligent Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yabing Jiao

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article establish an efficient electronic commerce logistics operation system to reduce distribution costs and build a logistics network operation model based on around the B2C electronic commerce enterprise logistics network operation system. B2C electronic commerce transactions features in the enterprise network platform. To solve the NP-hard problem this article use hybrid ant colony algorithm, particle swarm algorithm and group swarm intelligence algorithm to get a best solution. According to the intelligent algorithm, design of electronic commerce logistics network optimization system, enter the national 22 electronic commerce logistics network for validation. Through the experiment to verify the optimized logistics cost greatly decreased. This research can help B2C electronic commerce enterprise logistics network to optimize decision-making under the premise of ensuring the interests of consumers and service levels also can be an effective way for enterprises to improve the efficiency of logistics services and reduce operation costs

  20. Strategic Plan for Electronic Commerce, Defense Personnel Support Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-01

    AD-A274 243 Strategic Plan for Electronic Commerce Defense Personnel Support Center DTIC %!" . FLECTE .: UEC3 0 199 3 -I CUSTOMER SATISFACTION 93 12...220 3 &tiuini nm Best Available Copy Strategic Plan for Electronic Commerce Defense Personnel Support Center NTIS C? ~- j CUSTOMER Avao OrK...Concept of Operations and Projects ........... 6-4 Benefits and Costs of Electronic Commerce in the Medical Directorate

  1. An explanatory study on electronic commerce for reverse logistics.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.I. Kokkinaki; R. Dekker (Rommert); J.A.E.E. van Nunen (Jo); C.P. Pappis (Costas)

    1999-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper we consider the role Electronic Commerce plays and can play for Reverse Logistics. After short introductions to electronic commerce and reverse logistics, we give an overview of existing internet sites for reverse logistics. These sites can be classified as electronic m

  2. An explanatory study on electronic commerce for reverse logistics.

    OpenAIRE

    Kokkinaki, A.I.; Dekker, Rommert; Nunen, Jo; Pappis, Costas

    1999-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper we consider the role Electronic Commerce plays and can play for Reverse Logistics. After short introductions to electronic commerce and reverse logistics, we give an overview of existing internet sites for reverse logistics. These sites can be classified as electronic markets, supply of used parts and complete reverse logistic solutions. Finally we draw some lines to the future.

  3. A Framework for Global Electronic Commerce: An Executive Summary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of the Press Secretary of the White House

    1997-01-01

    An abbreviated version of a longer policy document on electronic commerce released by the Clinton Administration, this article examines principles and recommendations on tariffs, taxes, electronic payment systems, uniform commercial code for electronic commerce, intellectual property protection, privacy, security, telecommunications infrastructure…

  4. A Framework for Global Electronic Commerce: An Executive Summary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of the Press Secretary of the White House

    1997-01-01

    An abbreviated version of a longer policy document on electronic commerce released by the Clinton Administration, this article examines principles and recommendations on tariffs, taxes, electronic payment systems, uniform commercial code for electronic commerce, intellectual property protection, privacy, security, telecommunications infrastructure…

  5. Accountability Analysis of Electronic Commerce Protocols by Finite Automaton Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xie Xiao-yao; Zhang Huan-guo

    2004-01-01

    The accountability of electronic commerce protocols is an important aspect to insures security of electronic transaction. This paper proposes to use Finite Automaton (FA) model as a new kind of framework to analyze the trans action protocols in the application of electronic commerce.

  6. Added Value-based Approach to Analyze Electronic Commerce and Mobile Commerce Business Models

    OpenAIRE

    Pousttchi, Key; Weizmann, Moritz; Turowski, Klaus

    2003-01-01

    In this contribution we propose to apply the theory of informational added values (IAV) on electronic commerce (EC) and mobile commerce (MC). We state that for the success of electronic and mobile offers it is not sufficient to merely make a conventional offer available with new media. Instead, the use of electronic and mobile communication technology is only remunerative if it results in obtaining distinct supplementary IAV. This depends on the exploitation of certain faculties of the use...

  7. Electronic Commerce and Collaboration Between Competing Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eberhard Stickel

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Investments in electronic commerce technology typically require large sums of money and the realisation of possible benefits is often highly uncertain. Possible investors may also be confronted with the so-called free rider-problem. Innovators have to bear all development costs. Once standards are established followers (free riders may easily imitate the investment. Hence, innovators may not be able to build up sustaining competitive advantages that make their investments worthwhile. As a result, available technology may not be used in an efficient way. A typical prisoner's dilemma scenario prevails. Pre-competitive collaboration may be a possible solution to this problem. The term "pre-competitive" refers to the possibility of joint application development and/or sharing of information, knowledge and ability. It should not be confused with collusion which may be legally restricted or even forbidden. The goal of the paper is to analyse whether there are economic incentives for pre-competitive collaboration as sketched above. The analysis is carried out with the help of a microeconomic model and techniques from game theory.

  8. A Model for Teaching Electronic Commerce Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard C. Woodard

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available The teaching of information technology in an ever-changing world at universities presents a challenge. Are courses taught as concepts, while ignoring hands-on courses, leaving the hands-on classes to the technical colleges or trade schools? Does this produce the best employees for industry or give students the knowledge and skills necessary to function in a high-tech world? At GeorgiaCollege & StateUniversity (GC&SU a model was developed that combines both concepts and practical hands-on skill to meet this challenge. Using this model, a program was developed that consists of classroom lecture of concepts as well as practical hands-on exercises for mastering the knowledge and developing the skills necessary to succeed in the high-tech world of electronic commerce. The students become productive day one of a new job assignment. This solves the problem of students having the "book knowledge" but not knowing how to apply what has been learned.

  9. Event-related potentials elicited by social commerce and electronic-commerce reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bai, Yan; Yao, Zhong; Cong, Fengyu; Zhang, Linlin

    2015-12-01

    There is an increasing interest regarding the use of electroencephalography (EEG) in social commerce and electronic commerce (e-commerce) research. There are several reviews in the field of social commerce or e-commerce; these have great potential value and mining them is fundamental and significant. To our knowledge, EEG is rarely applied to study these. In this study, we examined the neural correlates of social commerce reviews (SCRs) and e-commerce reviews (ECRs) by using them as stimuli to evoke event-related potentials. All SCRs were from friends through a social media platform, whereas ECRs were from strangers through an e-commerce platform. The experimental design was similar to that of a priming paradigm, and included 40 pairs of stimuli consisting of product information (prime stimulus) and reviews (target stimulus). The results showed that the P300 component was successfully evoked by SCR and ECR stimuli. Moreover, the P300 components elicited by SCRs had higher amplitudes than those elicited by ECRs. These findings indicate that participants paid more attention to SCRs than to ECRs. In addition, the associations between neural responses and reviews in social commerce have the potential to assist companies in studying consumer behaviors, thus permitting them to enhance their social commerce strategies.

  10. Modeling the customer in electronic commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helander, M G; Khalid, H M

    2000-12-01

    This paper reviews interface design of web pages for e-commerce. Different tasks in e-commerce are contrasted. A systems model is used to illustrate the information flow between three subsystems in e-commerce: store environment, customer, and web technology. A customer makes several decisions: to enter the store, to navigate, to purchase, to pay, and to keep the merchandize. This artificial environment must be designed so that it can support customer decision-making. To retain customers it must be pleasing and fun, and create a task with natural flow. Customers have different needs, competence and motivation, which affect decision-making. It may therefore be important to customize the design of the e-store environment. Future ergonomics research will have to investigate perceptual aspects, such as presentation of merchandize, and cognitive issues, such as product search and navigation, as well as decision making while considering various economic parameters. Five theories on e-commerce research are presented.

  11. Electronic Commerce: Government Services in the New Millennium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxwell, Terrence A., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This newsletter features innovations in resource management and information technology to support New York State government. The newsletter contains the following six sections: (1) "Electronic Commerce: Government Services in the New Millennium" -- examining the need for government involvement in electronic commerce policy and…

  12. Electronic Commerce: Government Services in the New Millennium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxwell, Terrence A., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This newsletter features innovations in resource management and information technology to support New York State government. The newsletter contains the following six sections: (1) "Electronic Commerce: Government Services in the New Millennium" -- examining the need for government involvement in electronic commerce policy and partnership; (2)…

  13. Electronic Commerce: Government Services in the New Millennium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxwell, Terrence A., Ed.

    1998-01-01

    This newsletter features innovations in resource management and information technology to support New York State government. The newsletter contains the following six sections: (1) "Electronic Commerce: Government Services in the New Millennium" -- examining the need for government involvement in electronic commerce policy and…

  14. Advances in Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication v.2

    CERN Document Server

    Lin, Sally; Second International Conference on Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication (ECWAC 2012)

    2012-01-01

    ECWAC2012 is an integrated conference devoted to Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication. In the this proceedings you can find the carefully reviewed scientific outcome of the second International Conference on Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication (ECWAC 2012) held at March 17-18,2012  in Wuhan, China, bringing together researchers from all around the world in the field.

  15. Advances in Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication v.1

    CERN Document Server

    Lin, Sally; Second International Conference on Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication (ECWAC 2012)

    2012-01-01

    ECWAC2012 is an integrated conference devoted to Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication. In the this proceedings you can find the carefully reviewed scientific outcome of the second International Conference on Electronic Commerce, Web Application and Communication (ECWAC 2012) held at March 17-18,2012  in Wuhan, China, bringing together researchers from all around the world in the field.

  16. The Art of Appeal in Electronic Commerce

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Albert Fei; Xiao, Bo Sophia; Lim, Eric T. K.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to advance product appeal and website appeal as focal psychological mechanisms that can be invoked by business-to-consumer e-commerce sites to mitigate problems of information asymmetry via signaling to bolster consumers’ purchase intention under the influenc...

  17. Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. Public Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

    This document presents the text of Public Law 106-229, the "Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act." The act states that, with respect to any transaction in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce: a signature, contract, or other record relating to such transaction may not be denied legal effect, validity, or…

  18. Customers' Beliefs Behind Business-to-Consumer Electronic Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nena Lim

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available With the rising importance of electronic commerce, it is important for researchers and company executives to understand customers' beliefs behind online shopping behaviour. This proposed study extends the technology acceptance model (TAM to test the influence of experience, self-efficacy, perceived risk, and social influence on customers' acceptance of the business-to consumer (b2c e-commerce.

  19. Research of Cryptographic Algorithms Applied in Electronic Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng Zengping

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available With the developments of network communication, electronic commerce plays a more and more role in the trade business and industry structure. The requirement for the electronic commerce turns to be higher. In this study, we study current status about the cryptographic algorithms exploited in electronic commerce. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages about the symmetric and asymmetric algorithms and improve them. Then we give a new scheme that combines the improved symmetric algorithm and asymmetric algorithm. We give sound reasons to explain why our scheme is more secure. Finally, we carry the experiments to show the security of our scheme.

  20. Electronic Commerce Success Model: A Search for Multiple Criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didi Achjari

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The current study attempts to develop and examine framework of e-commerce success. In order to obtain comprehensive and robust measures, the framework accomodates key factors that are identified in the literature concerning the success of electronic commerce. The structural model comprises of four exogenous variables (Internal Driver, Internal Impediment, External Driver and Exgternal Impediment and one endogenous variable (Electornic Commerce Success eith 24 observed variables. The study that was administered within large Australian companies using questionaire survey concluded that benefits for both internal organization and external parties from the use of e-commerce were the main factor tro predict perceived and/or expected success of electronic commerce.

  1. Contemporary Legal Issues in Electronic Commerce in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TI Akomolede

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The Internet has no doubt added a great deal to the quality of human life today. It has knitted the world together as a global village. Many difficulties which hampered international and even national commercial transactions in the past have now been consigned to the dust-bin of history. The emergence of electronic commerce is as a result of the creation of the internet, through which commercial transactions are conducted between parties from different parts of the world and who may never see themselves in their lifetimes. However, the emergence of electronic commerce has also brought with it a number of legal and socio-economic problems, especially in the developing nations such as Nigeria – problems which pose significance challenges to the legal regime of electronic commerce in those countries. This paper examines these legal issues within the context of the current legal and regulatory framework for electronic commerce in Nigeria.

  2. Model Checking Electronic Commerce Security Protocols Based on CTL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAO De-qin; ZHANG Huan-guo

    2005-01-01

    We present a model based on Computational Temporal Logic (CTL) methods for verifying security requirements of electronic commerce protocols. The model describes formally the authentication, confidentiality integrity,non-repudiation, denial of service and access control of the electronic commerce protocols. We illustrate as case study a variant of the Lu-Smolka protocol proposed by Lu-Smolka.Moreover, we have discovered two attacks that allow a dishonest user to purchase a good debiting the amount to another user. And also, we compared our work with relative research works and found that the formal way of this paper is more general to specify security protocols for E-Commerce.

  3. Data Privacy in Electronic Commerce: Analysing Legal Provisions in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan KH

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the legal protection of data privacy in electronic commerce in Iran. Currently, there is a gap in respect of data privacy protection in Iran as there is no specific privacy legislation in force. Consequently, e-consumers dealing in internet commerce are less protected. However there are rules and regulations in the laws in Iran such as the Islamic Republic (IR of Iran Constitution, Computer Crimes Act, Penal Code, and Civil Liability Act which relate to privacy in general, although not directly related to data privacy in e-commerce. The Electronic Commerce Law (ECL is the main legislation in Iran which contains some provisions on personal data privacy. This article discusses the relevant provisions in the ECL pertaining to data messages and privacy and interprets its various meanings to determine whether they are in line with well-established principles found in good data privacy protection measures.

  4. Electronic commerce environment: (Economic Drivers and Security Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davuluri Nageswara Rao

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the development situation and a lot of issues in E-commerce at present, inc luding trade safety issue and pertains to trading in goods and services through the electronic medium.Overa ll, the study provides improv edunderstanding of a growing awareness among the business community in global about the opportunities offered by e-commerce. This artic le is based on a literature review that e mphasizes the need for increased security and privacy measures in current E-commerce environment.

  5. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE ENVIRONMENT: (ECONOMIC DRIVERS AND SECURITY ISSUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davuluri Nageswara Rao

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the development situation and a lot of issues in E-commerce at present, including trade safety issue and pertains to trading in goods and services through the electronic medium. Overall, the study provides improved understanding of a growing awareness among the business community in global about the opportunities offered by e-commerce. This article is based on a literature review that emphasizes the need for increased security and privacy measures in current E-commerce environment.

  6. Electronic Commerce and Retail Channel Substitution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.C.W. Janssen (Maarten); R. van der Noll

    2002-01-01

    textabstractWe analyze a market where firms compete in a conventional and an electronic retail channel. Consumers easily compare prices online, but some incur purchase uncertainties on the online channel. We investigate the market shares of the two retail channels and the prices that are charged. We

  7. DoD Electronic Commerce (EC)/Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) in Contracting Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-20

    00 co1 Ln DEPUTY UNDER SECRETARY -i OF DEFENSE (ACQUISITION REFORM) DTIC SELECTE 1 FEB 7 19940u DoD ELECTRONIC COMMERCE (EC)I ELECTRONIC DATA...implementing meaningful acquisition reform, according to the PAT report, DOD Electronic Commerce Electronic Data Interchange in Contracting Report. The...cutting substantially the procurement administrative lead-time for small purchases, electronic commerce is an absolute necessity in today’s austere

  8. Electronic Data Interchange (EDI): Using Electronic Commerce to Enhance Defense Logistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    AD-A238 559 Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Using Electronic Commerce to Enhance Defense Logistics Judith E. Payne, Robert H. Anderson N STATEN= A... electronic commerce to enhance defense logistics / Judith L. Payne and Robert H, Anderson. "Prepared for the Assistant Sccretary of Defense (Production and...by RAND 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138 | ,! R-4030-P&L Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Using Electronic Commerce to

  9. Real Electronic Commerce: Smart Cards on the Superhighway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birch, David

    1997-01-01

    Technologies of payment rather than technologies of connection are the real trigger for the expansion of electronic commerce on the Internet. This article discusses "smart cards," highlighting Mondex, the electronic purse developed in the United Kingdom. Predicts that cash will be replaced by "e-cash," which is cheaper to make,…

  10. "Emmerce" Immersion: The Emerging World of Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuck, Lysbeth

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the effects of Web-based electronic commerce, or "emmerce," on online user. Defines "cookies" and Persistent Client State HTTP Cookies or "magic cookies" on Macintosh computers. Examines underlying technologies that make up "cashless" transactions; growing demand for micropayments; CyberCash, best-know notational electronic money company…

  11. Real Electronic Commerce: Smart Cards on the Superhighway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birch, David

    1997-01-01

    Technologies of payment rather than technologies of connection are the real trigger for the expansion of electronic commerce on the Internet. This article discusses "smart cards," highlighting Mondex, the electronic purse developed in the United Kingdom. Predicts that cash will be replaced by "e-cash," which is cheaper to make, more portable, and…

  12. Real Electronic Commerce: Smart Cards on the Superhighway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birch, David

    1997-01-01

    Technologies of payment rather than technologies of connection are the real trigger for the expansion of electronic commerce on the Internet. This article discusses "smart cards," highlighting Mondex, the electronic purse developed in the United Kingdom. Predicts that cash will be replaced by "e-cash," which is cheaper to make,…

  13. Logistics, electronic commerce, and the environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkis, Joseph; Meade, Laura; Talluri, Srinivas

    2002-02-01

    Organizations realize that a strong supporting logistics or electronic logistics (e-logistics) function is important from both commercial and consumer perspectives. The implications of e-logistics models and practices cover the forward and reverse logistics functions of organizations. They also have direct and profound impact on the natural environment. This paper will focus on a discussion of forward and reverse e-logistics and their relationship to the natural environment. After discussion of the many pertinent issues in these areas, directions of practice and implications for study and research are then described.

  14. Managing Channels of Distribution Under the Environment of Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Bing; FENG Yixiong

    2006-01-01

    Business Marketing Management over the Internet has been receiving a "lot of ink" in current periodicals and to a lesser degree in academic literature. Practice changes so rapidly that principles emerging from last month's successes may need revision before they are derived and printed. The emergence of electronic commerce has created a new business paradigm, one that presents marketers with noteworthy opportunities and challenges. Perhaps the greatest impact is in the area of channel management. The top issue for many business-to-business (B2B) firms today is channel conflict. In this paper, we analyze the weakness of traditional place model at first. On the basis of it, we set forth the processes and advantages of direct place and indirect place under the environment of electronic commerce. Then this paper presents that we should develop association net, express net, service net and production net in order to create place advantage under the environment of electronic commerce.

  15. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE LABOR MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciobanu Dumitru

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The technological revolution of recent years about the spectacular development of the Internet has made its presence felt in the economy. Electronic commerce is already a major component of the economy and thus influences the labor market. In this article, we present electronic commerce as an alternative to increase the number of employees. Given that only 6% of Romanian currently use electronic commerce, its growth potential is huge and in terms of thoughtful strategies it can be achieved their guidance to specific regions. Attracting companies operating on the Internet in a given region can be done by providing incentives and beneficial effects will be felt not only through the number of employees but also through the services used by these companies.

  16. "A classification scheme for negotiation in electronic commerce"

    OpenAIRE

    A. Lomuscio; Wooldridge, M.; Jennings, N. R.

    2003-01-01

    In the last few years we witnessed a surge of business-to-consumer and business-to-business commerce operated on the Internet. However many of these systems are often nothing more than electronic catalogues on which the user can choose a product which is made available for a fixed price. This modus operandi is clearly failing to exploit the full potential of electronic commerce. Against this background, we argue here that in the next few years we will see a new generation of systems emerge, b...

  17. The Development Model Electronic Commerce of Regional Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Jun; Cai, Lecai; Li, Hongchan

    With the developing of the agricultural information, it is inevitable trend of the development of agricultural electronic commercial affairs. On the basis of existing study on the development application model of e-commerce, combined with the character of the agricultural information, compared with the developing model from the theory and reality, a new development model electronic commerce of regional agriculture base on the government is put up, and such key issues as problems of the security applications, payment mode, sharing mechanisms, and legal protection are analyzed, etc. The among coordination mechanism of the region is discussed on, it is significance for regulating the development of agricultural e-commerce and promoting the regional economical development.

  18. THE PREMISES AND THE EVOLUTION OF ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silviu Vlad Mirescu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Inevitably, the boom in technology and informational technology have had an impact on the business world since the late '80s, when the Internet began to penetrate the lives of millions of users around the globe. Currently, concepts such as e-business or e-commerce have found their place and applicability inside the global economy with ease, knowing it promoted models exhibiting an accelerated rate of development, well above the usual average growing rate of the traditional economy. Although the industry (especially the American one saw a critical moment in the early 2000s, the obstacles have been overcome, confirming a continuous rise of electronic commerce in the last twenty years. The purpose of this article is to highlight some of the characteristics of electronic commerce, the global implementation stage, reviewing in the process the main steps taken in this area up to the present and last but not least to identify possible development trends for the future.

  19. 电子商务与信息交流%Electronic Commerce & Information Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓峰; 王忠兴

    2001-01-01

    Electronic Commerce is a new business mode. Proceeding from information communication, this paper analyzes the information communication mode in Electronic Commerce, the impetus of information communication to Electronic Commerce and the influence of information communication on all stages of Electronic Commerce.

  20. Electronic Commerce Data Mining using Rough Set and Logistic Regression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiuli Li

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Electronic commerce (E-commerce has gradually been the mainstream of business. There may be some unpredictable but frequent problems such as delay in shipment, shipping errors caused by E-commerce participants’ low efficiency. There problems will have negative impact on the business of participants eventually. Correct evaluation of the efficiency of E-commerce is an important way to improve operations. This paper introduces the knowledge discovery theory of data mining-based on Rough Set Theory (RST to deal with the vague and inaccurate information about the evaluation of supplier and mine the law knowledge that exists between input variables and adverse position. The output of RST is then used as the feature and is delivered to the Logistic Regression (LR to rank the product of electronic commerce website. The proposed approach, termed as RST-LR, is composed of the procedure of attribute values discretization; filtration processing of minimum attributes sets; evaluation rule; calculating the ranking accuracy and the establishment of evaluation systems. We evaluated the proposed approach on a real world dataset, The experimental results show that it achievesa high accuracy, and the rule has met the requirements of application

  1. Toward a generic model of trust for electronic commerce

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tan, YH; Thoen, W

    2000-01-01

    The authors present a generic model of trust for electronic commerce consisting of two basic components, party trust and control trust, based on the concept that trust in a transaction with another party combines trust in the other parry and trust in the control mechanisms that ensure the successful

  2. Toward a generic model of trust for electronic commerce

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tan, YH; Thoen, W

    2000-01-01

    The authors present a generic model of trust for electronic commerce consisting of two basic components, party trust and control trust, based on the concept that trust in a transaction with another party combines trust in the other parry and trust in the control mechanisms that ensure the successful

  3. Electronic Commerce Resource Centers. An Industry--University Partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulledge, Thomas R.; Sommer, Rainer; Tarimcilar, M. Murat

    1999-01-01

    Electronic Commerce Resource Centers focus on transferring emerging technologies to small businesses through university/industry partnerships. Successful implementation hinges on a strategic operating plan, creation of measurable value for customers, investment in customer-targeted training, and measurement of performance outputs. (SK)

  4. Business Students Flock to Courses on Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangan, Katherine S.

    1999-01-01

    Business schools across the country are specializing in electronic commerce, in which teams of students create online businesses available on the Internet only to participating institutions. The courses offer students an opportunity to see how an online retailing business is conducted, including creating and maintaining Web sites, advertising…

  5. "Emmerce" Immersion: The Emerging World of Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuck, Lysbeth

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the effects of Web-based electronic commerce, or "emmerce," on online user. Defines "cookies" and Persistent Client State HTTP Cookies or "magic cookies" on Macintosh computers. Examines underlying technologies that make up "cashless" transactions; growing demand for micropayments; CyberCash,…

  6. "Emmerce" Immersion: The Emerging World of Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuck, Lysbeth

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the effects of Web-based electronic commerce, or "emmerce," on online user. Defines "cookies" and Persistent Client State HTTP Cookies or "magic cookies" on Macintosh computers. Examines underlying technologies that make up "cashless" transactions; growing demand for micropayments; CyberCash,…

  7. Business Students Flock to Courses on Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangan, Katherine S.

    1999-01-01

    Business schools across the country are specializing in electronic commerce, in which teams of students create online businesses available on the Internet only to participating institutions. The courses offer students an opportunity to see how an online retailing business is conducted, including creating and maintaining Web sites, advertising…

  8. Electronic Commerce Resource Centers. An Industry--University Partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulledge, Thomas R.; Sommer, Rainer; Tarimcilar, M. Murat

    1999-01-01

    Electronic Commerce Resource Centers focus on transferring emerging technologies to small businesses through university/industry partnerships. Successful implementation hinges on a strategic operating plan, creation of measurable value for customers, investment in customer-targeted training, and measurement of performance outputs. (SK)

  9. Secure electronic commerce communication system based on CA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Deyun; Zhang, Junfeng; Pei, Shujun

    2001-07-01

    In this paper, we introduce the situation of electronic commercial security, then we analyze the working process and security for SSL protocol. At last, we propose a secure electronic commerce communication system based on CA. The system provide secure services such as encryption, integer, peer authentication and non-repudiation for application layer communication software of browser clients' and web server. The system can implement automatic allocation and united management of key through setting up the CA in the network.

  10. Electronic Commerce – An International Phenomenon, Generating Commercial Litigations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelica Roşu

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Although the e-commerce boom of the past few years has produced plenty of satisfied e-shoppersand successful Web-based companies, many consumers and businesses are left wondering where they can goto resolve their online disputes. The legal system (such as the court system and classical arbitration cannoteffectively respond to the challenges posed by conducting electronic commerce and this paper is proposed toanalyse the types of disputes that can arise from those e-commerce operations. The aim of this approach isrepresented by our attempt to explain why conflict resolution cannot be reasonably accomplished usingtraditional legal system and consequently the measures that have been taken by the international bodies tofacilitate consumers' right to a fair and effective trial services.

  11. Traditional Commerce Versus Electronic Commerce: A Case Study Under The Logistics Costs Management View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Antônio de Souza

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to see how a large Brazilian company of the retail sector makes the measurement and analysis of logistics costs of both its physical operations (traditional trade as their virtual transactions (e-commerce. The research has been conducted in the contributions of strategic cost management for business sustainability. This is an unique descriptive case study, with a qualitative approach, performed in the 2nd half of 2013. Data were collected through interviews, document analysis and in situ observations. Data analyzes occurred by comparative interpretations. The main results showed no significant differences in the analysis and measurement of logistics costs between the two forms of trading. This can be explained partly by the fact that the company does not deal with electronic commerce differently in relation to the management of logistics costs. That is, both the operations of the virtual store as physical stores share the same logistics structure. Additional logistics costs in e-commerce are offset by higher margin practiced in this business model.

  12. Electronic commerce: wiring the coal industry for new data technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carter, R.A.

    1998-07-01

    Industry pundits predict that coal by wire may some day replace much of the industry`s long-distance shipping requirements and their attendant costs, but data by wire, also known as electronic commerce (EC) can today offer coal producers and customers the means to gather and send large volumes of data cheaply and quickly. EC`s major components - electronic data interchange (EDI), bar-coding, smart codes, radio frequency `D`, and the internet - can reduce costs in equipment-intensive industries such as mining. The US National Mining Association sponsored a forum to discuss these alternatives at its 1998 Electronic Commerce Summit held in Tuscon, Arizona, 18-20 May. A report is given of discussions at the forum and contacts are given for sources of EDI information.

  13. GOOD INTENTION ON ELECTRONIC CONTRACT THROUGH E-COMMERCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Purwadi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Electronic contract (e-contract is a contract that vulnerable to the emersion of problems because the contract happened between absence persons. This problem can be avoided if businessman who included in the electronic commerce using principle of good intention. According to the Information and Electronic Transactions Act declare that good intention shall be given during the transaction taking place, it must be interpreted both in the pre-transaction stage, transaction stage, and post-transaction phase. Thus, in order to protect consumer, it's good intention should be exist in every phase of consumer transaction.

  14. Design of the XML Security System for Electronic Commerce Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The invocation of World Wide Web (www) first triggered mass adoption of the Internet for public access to digital information exchanges across the globe. To get a big market on the Web, a special security infrastructure would need to be put into place transforming the wild-and-woolly Internet into a network with end-to-end protections. XML (extensible Markup Language) is widely accepted as powerful data representation standard for electronic documents, so a security mechanism for XML documents must be provided in the first place to secure electronic commerce over Internet. In this paper the authors design and implement a secure framework that provides XML signature function, XML Element-wise Encryption function, smart card based crypto API library and Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) security functions to achieve confidentiality, integrity, message authentication, and/or signer authentication services for XML documents and existing non-XML documents that are exchanged by Internet for E-commerce application.

  15. The Application of Similar Image Retrieval in Electronic Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, YuPing; Yin, Hua; Han, Dezhi; Yu, Fei

    2014-01-01

    Traditional online shopping platform (OSP), which searches product information by keywords, faces three problems: indirect search mode, large search space, and inaccuracy in search results. For solving these problems, we discuss and research the application of similar image retrieval in electronic commerce. Aiming at improving the network customers' experience and providing merchants with the accuracy of advertising, we design a reasonable and extensive electronic commerce application system, which includes three subsystems: image search display subsystem, image search subsystem, and product information collecting subsystem. This system can provide seamless connection between information platform and OSP, on which consumers can automatically and directly search similar images according to the pictures from information platform. At the same time, it can be used to provide accuracy of internet marketing for enterprises. The experiment shows the efficiency of constructing the system. PMID:24883411

  16. The Application of Similar Image Retrieval in Electronic Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YuPing Hu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional online shopping platform (OSP, which searches product information by keywords, faces three problems: indirect search mode, large search space, and inaccuracy in search results. For solving these problems, we discuss and research the application of similar image retrieval in electronic commerce. Aiming at improving the network customers’ experience and providing merchants with the accuracy of advertising, we design a reasonable and extensive electronic commerce application system, which includes three subsystems: image search display subsystem, image search subsystem, and product information collecting subsystem. This system can provide seamless connection between information platform and OSP, on which consumers can automatically and directly search similar images according to the pictures from information platform. At the same time, it can be used to provide accuracy of internet marketing for enterprises. The experiment shows the efficiency of constructing the system.

  17. The application of similar image retrieval in electronic commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, YuPing; Yin, Hua; Han, Dezhi; Yu, Fei

    2014-01-01

    Traditional online shopping platform (OSP), which searches product information by keywords, faces three problems: indirect search mode, large search space, and inaccuracy in search results. For solving these problems, we discuss and research the application of similar image retrieval in electronic commerce. Aiming at improving the network customers' experience and providing merchants with the accuracy of advertising, we design a reasonable and extensive electronic commerce application system, which includes three subsystems: image search display subsystem, image search subsystem, and product information collecting subsystem. This system can provide seamless connection between information platform and OSP, on which consumers can automatically and directly search similar images according to the pictures from information platform. At the same time, it can be used to provide accuracy of internet marketing for enterprises. The experiment shows the efficiency of constructing the system.

  18. ADDED VALUE-BASED APROACH TO ANALYZE ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AND MOBILE COMMERCE BUSINESS MODELS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moritz Weizmann

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Se propone aplicar la teoría del valor informacional agregado (Theory of Informational Added Values, IAV al Electronic Commerce (EC y al Mobile Commerce (MC. El trabajo presentado es una propuesta para acercarse a modelos de negocio, con el foco de criterios típicos de evaluación para modelos de negocio de Internet y del MC. Es también conveniente para comparar modelos de negocio distintos y para poner el valor añadido para los participantes en un contexto. De esta manera, se establecen criterios objetivos que reducen la subjetividad y permiten hacer ciertas predicciones. El artículo termina con un análisis crítico del estado del arte y un comentario sobre las perspectivas futuras.

  19. 41 CFR 102-118.60 - To what extent must my agency use electronic commerce?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... agency use electronic commerce? 102-118.60 Section 102-118.60 Public Contracts and Property Management... Services § 102-118.60 To what extent must my agency use electronic commerce? Your agency must use electronic commerce in all areas of your transportation program. This includes the use of electronic...

  20. Electronic Collaboration in Electronic Commerce%电子商务中的电子协作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡翠华

    2001-01-01

    During the transformation from business electronization to Electronic Commerce,electronic collaboration is a core management technology.Based on the two electronic collaboration models inside and outside an enterprise,this paper analyzes the environment of electronic collaboration.The characters and functions of the supporting system are mentioned,too.

  1. Analysis of Human Resources Management Strategy in China Electronic Commerce Enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Fang

    The paper discussed electronic-commerce's influence on enterprise human resources management, proposed and proved the human resources management strategy which electronic commerce enterprise should adopt from recruitment strategy to training strategy, keeping talent strategy and other ways.

  2. 漫谈电子商务%On Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢文端

    2013-01-01

      The twenty-first Century is a digital, network as the characteristic, the network communication as the core of the information age. With the rapid development of Internet, e-commerce is becoming more and more vigorous development. And promote the economic globalization, trade liberalization and the information modernization pace of development. Electronic commerce is changing the business model, the individual enterprise’s consumption pattern and government work to a strong. This paper introduces the definition, characteristics, function of e-commerce, classification, safety etc%  21世纪是一个以数字化、网络化为特征,以网络通信为核心的信息时代。随着互联网的迅速发展,电子商务也日益蓬勃的发展着。并且推动这经济全球化、贸易自由化和信息现代化的发展步伐。电子商务正以强势改变着企业的经营模式、个人的消费方式和政府的工作方式。本文从电子商务的定义、特点、功能、分类、安全性等多方面进行了介绍。

  3. Diffusion of Electronic Commerce in Small and Medium Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robyn Lawson

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Using the Internet for electronic business has become an area of action for the Australian Government. This paper presents research results from two regional areas which indicate that while most manufacturing SMEs use email, very few are involved in elecronic commerce activities. Major barriers are concern about security and privacy of transactions, cost of consultants, and lack of IT expertise of staff. Employing people with appropriate knowledge has been added to current training methods such as on-the-job training. Results from the two regional areas are found to be consistent. Comparisons between small and medium organisations highlight some differences.

  4. THE ROLE OF TRUST AND PERCEIVED RISK IN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NICULA DANA LAURA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Trust and risk are very important in consumers' electronic commerce purchasing decisions. How do trust and risk affect an Internet consumer's purchasing decision? To answer this question I’ve developed a theoretical framework describing the trust-based decision-making process a consumer uses when making a purchase from a given site. Consumer disposition to trust, reputation, privacy concerns, security concerns, the information quality of the Website, and the company's reputation, have strong effects on Internet consumers' trust in the Website.

  5. Research on distributed virtual reality system in electronic commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Qiang; Wang, Jiening; Sun, Jizhou

    2004-03-01

    In this paper, Distributed Virtual Reality (DVR) technology applied in Electronical Commerce (EC) is discussed. DVR has the capability of providing a new means for human being to recognize, analyze and resolve the large scale, complex problems, which makes it develop quickly in EC fields. The technology of CSCW (Computer Supported Cooperative Work) and middleware is introduced into the development of EC-DVR system to meet the need of a platform which can provide the necessary cooperation and communication services to avoid developing the basic module repeatedly. Finally, the paper gives a platform structure of EC-DVR system.

  6. Consumer-to-Consumer Electronic Commerce: A Distinct Research Stream

    OpenAIRE

    Kiku Jones; Lori N. K. Leonard

    2007-01-01

    Consumer-to-consumer (C2C) e-commerce is a growing area of e-commerce. However, according to a meta-analysis of critical themes of e-commerce, C2C e-commerce was only represented in the area of online auctions (Wareham, Zheng, & Straub, 2005). C2C e-commerce can encompass much more than just auctions. The question then becomes, “is C2C e-commerce a different research area that deserves its own stream of research?†This study adapts constructs from a business-to-consumer (B2C) e-commerce st...

  7. A Change of Course: The Importance to DoD of International Standards for Electronic Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) is committed to using electronic commerce in the future with the over 300,000 vendors interested in doing...business with DoD. Electronic commerce will move DoD from a paper-based world to one based on electronic transactions enabled by the exchange of formatted...electronic messages referred to as electronic data interchange (EDI). With electronic commerce , DoD plans to reduce costs, increase effectiveness, and

  8. Uniform method of operative content management in the electronic content commerce systems

    OpenAIRE

    Vysotska, Victoria; Chyrun, Lyubomyr; Chyrun, Liliya

    2013-01-01

    In the given article content lifecycle model in electronic commerce systems is proposed. The model describes the processes of information resources processing in the electronic content commerce systems and simplifies the content automation management technology. In the given paper the main problems of e-commerce and content function management services are analyzed.

  9. An Electronic Commerce Program for the Defence Finance and Accounting Service-Columbus Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-05-01

    AD-A237 636 JU0 0 u5 11111 IN III III1 m11i AN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE PROGRAM FOR THE DEFENSE FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING SERVICE - COLUMBUS CENTER Report...MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE 6400 Goldsboro Road Bethesda, Maryland 20817-5886 91-04373 LMI Executive Summary AN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE PROGRAM FOR THE DEFENSE...some Electronic Commerce techniques, such as electronic data interchange and electronic funds transfer. We believe additional applications of those

  10. Electronic Commerce Readiness in Developing Countries: The Case of the Chinese Grocery Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Kurnia, Sherah; Peng, Fei

    2010-01-01

    Currently, e-Commerce has been used within the industry to various degrees, with retailers leading the way in incorporating e-Commerce technologies into the majority of their daily operations. Some of the major retailers have already introduced transactional and interactive websites to facilitate B2C and B2B e-Commerce. However the majority of the businesses within the grocery industry possess only standalone internal computer networks and websites. The e-Commerce readiness of the Chinese gro...

  11. Research on mobile electronic commerce security technology based on WPKI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Bo

    2013-07-01

    Through the in-depth study on the existing mobile e-commerce and WAP protocols, this paper presents a security solution of e-commerce system based on WPKI, and describes its implementation process and specific implementation details. This solution uniformly distributes the key used by the various participating entities , to fully ensure the confidentiality, authentication, fairness and integrity of mobile e-commerce payments, therefore has some pract ical value for improving the security of e-commerce system.

  12. Nutzung und Akzeptanz von Electronic Commerce : E-Commerce und die Bürger

    OpenAIRE

    Schenk, Michael; Wolf, Malthe

    2000-01-01

    Marktprognosen bescheinigen dem elektronischen Handel eine große Zukunft. Business-Transaktionen verändern sich rapide unter dem Einfluss elektronischer Kommunikationstechnologien. Wenngleich auch erwartet wird, dass sich Business-to-Consumer E-Commerce weltweit als erfolgreicher Vertriebs- und Kommunikationskanal etablieren wird, stößt E-Commerce derzeit noch nicht auf die erhoffte Akzeptanz in breiten Konsumentenschichten. Dies hängt nicht zuletzt mit der Verbreitung des Internet zusammen, ...

  13. Electronic Commerce Adoption in SME: The Trend of Prior Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosli Mohamad

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Emergence of Internet, particularly Electronic Commerce (EC application brings new landscape in conduct ing business . Apart of better ef ficiency, EC enables firm to diversify business strategy, to introduce newly accepted business model and to embrace globali za tion. Despite profound usage among large firms, EC is now getting attention of small medium - sized enterprises (SMEs. This is obvio usly raise s concern as small firms have long been recognized for limited resources and capabilities than larger firms . Consequently, the issue of EC in SMEs attracts considerable research works in this area . This conceptual paper reports on the extensive r eview of prior studies pertaining to the EC usage among small firms . This paper , however, limit s the review to s everal major aspects i.e. research themes , underpinning theories , research approaches, and the context/country of the stud y . T he last section th en outlines important findings of the previous studies and future research direction

  14. Electronic Commerce: Case Analyses and Tools Utilized in the Accomplishment of Buying Activities Within the Department of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-09-01

    electronic business or e -business processes (how the business is conducted), and electronic commerce ( Ecommerce ...BACKGROUND .........................................3 C. DEFINITIONS ........................................5 1. Electronic Commerce ( Ecommerce ...cases discussed within this thesis: 1. Electronic Commerce ( Ecommerce ) According to the Federal Register, electronic commerce is a means to

  15. The impact of electronic commerce on organizational structure: a case study of e- commerce decentralization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ADALTON MASALU OZAKI

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the problem of centralizing vs. decentralizing an organizational structure for e-commerce. First, a conceptual framework is designed based on the literature. Then a case study of the Brazilian subsidiary of a major chemical multinational is explained and analyzed. A decision-making method is applied to (a identify the alternatives for organizational structures and evaluation criteria, and (b determine which criteria enable one to identify an alternative as better than the others. In the context of the case, a centralized e-commerce structure was recommended. This paper makes two main contributions to theory. First, it shows t he usefulness of the literature on R&D and innovation management as theoretical support for studies in other fields, in this case e- commerce organization. Second, it provides a methodology, which can be adapted for use by companies facing the same decision problem. Thoughts on possible future studies close the article.

  16. 电子商务安全体系结构%Security Architecture for Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张峰; 秦志光; 刘锦德; 张险峰

    2002-01-01

    Electronic commerce operates relying on the open Internet. Security architecture for e-commerce becomes the key point to its use prosperously. A finite automation of typical e-commerce model is presented in this paper. The finite automation simulates typical trade system, describes its states transition and supplies a theory basis for designing security architecture for e-commerce. Then security threats and corresponding solutions to the model are discussed. Finally, the security architecture for e-commerce is given. All of them are used as basis for further e-commerce security research.

  17. Implementation of Electronic Commerce in the Department of Defense and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-12-01

    President Clinton’s Executive Memorandum of 26 October 1993 mandated that all Federal Government agencies implement Electronic Commerce (EC) in order... Electronic Commerce /Electronic Data Interchange (EC/EDI) architecture. The NASA employed an Internet based tool, the NASA Acquisition Internet Service

  18. An Investigation into the Feasibility of Tasmanian Stonefruit Growers Employing Electronic Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stewart Pedersen

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available This research presents an assessment of the feasibility of Tasmanian stonefruit growers adopting electronic commerce. In order to achieve this aim a number of qualitative techniques were employed under an action research methodology. Although not all applications of electronic commerce are suitable within the environment under study, it is suggested that there are ways in which electronic commerce could provide value. However, inhibitors, some common to Small to Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs, do exist. There is a need for these issues to be understood prior to adopting electronic commerce.

  19. Percolation on shopping and cashback electronic commerce networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Tao; Chen, Yini; Qin, Zhen; Guo, Liping

    2013-06-01

    Many realistic networks live in the form of multiple networks, including interacting networks and interdependent networks. Here we study percolation properties of a special kind of interacting networks, namely Shopping and Cashback Electronic Commerce Networks (SCECNs). We investigate two actual SCECNs to extract their structural properties, and develop a mathematical framework based on generating functions for analyzing directed interacting networks. Then we derive the necessary and sufficient condition for the absence of the system-wide giant in- and out- component, and propose arithmetic to calculate the corresponding structural measures in the sub-critical and supercritical regimes. We apply our mathematical framework and arithmetic to those two actual SCECNs to observe its accuracy, and give some explanations on the discrepancies. We show those structural measures based on our mathematical framework and arithmetic are useful to appraise the status of SCECNs. We also find that the supercritical regime of the whole network is maintained mainly by hyperlinks between different kinds of websites, while those hyperlinks between the same kinds of websites can only enlarge the sizes of in-components and out-components.

  20. An empirical study on critical success factors for electronic commerce in the Chinese publishing industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Jinghua; ZHAO Chunjun; LI Jingting

    2007-01-01

    Critical success factors for electronic commerce (e-commerce) have been a hot topic in both the academe and industry. This paper puts forward hypotheses on success factors for e-commerce of traditional companies first. Then, it conducts an empirical study on the Chinese publishing industry in order to verify the hypotheses. After testing the validity and reliability of the data, this paper verifies the hypotheses with regression analyses, and finally identifies factors impacting e-commerce success such as leadership, strategy, organization, management, IT, customers, comprehensive functions of website and customer- oriented functions. In addition, customers, strategy, IT and comprehensive functions of website are identified as the critical factors impacting e-commerce success. This research not only stimulates e-commerce research in China, but also has an instructional effect on the implementation of e-commerce so that Chinese publishing enterprises can increase the success rate of their e-commerce objectives.

  1. A Mobile Electronic Toll Collection for E-Commerce Applications

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chin E Lin; Ling Yan Bi

    2008-01-01

    ...) communication on microprocessor control with an e-commerce business model. A simple ETC system architecture and protocol for e-transactions from vehicles to toll stations is proposed to complete toll interaction on wireless environment...

  2. Security Implications of Electronic Commerce: A Survey of Consumers and Businesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furnell, S. M.; Karweni, T.

    1999-01-01

    Examines general requirement for security technologies that provide a basis for trust in the electronic commerce environment. Discusses the results of two surveys that included general Internet users who are potential customers as well as commercial businesses, that considered attitudes to electronic commerce in general and options relating to…

  3. Security Implications of Electronic Commerce: A Survey of Consumers and Businesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furnell, S. M.; Karweni, T.

    1999-01-01

    Examines general requirement for security technologies that provide a basis for trust in the electronic commerce environment. Discusses the results of two surveys that included general Internet users who are potential customers as well as commercial businesses, that considered attitudes to electronic commerce in general and options relating to…

  4. Electronic Commerce: Canadian Community Colleges and Institutes of Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association of Canadian Community Colleges.

    This paper reports on the Canadian college system's collaboration with industry and community services in the development and delivery of non-credit e-commerce courses offered through continuing education departments at community colleges and institutes of technology. The paper argues that, in today's changing economy, the accelerated need for…

  5. SMEs and Electronic Commerce: A Departure from the Traditional Prioritisation of Training?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Helen; Milner, Brigid

    2002-01-01

    A survey of 56 small/medium-sized Irish enterprises showed that 46% were highly proficient in electronic commerce, 42% were at the basic level. Media pressure significantly influenced adoption. In 40% of firms, owner-managers were the driving force. E-commerce was not yet business critical and relevant training was not yet a comprehensive…

  6. Cross-Border Electronic Commerce : Distance Effects and Express Delivery in European Union Markets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.Y. Kim (Thai Young); R. Dekker (Rommert); C. Heij (Christiaan)

    2017-01-01

    textabstractThis empirical study examines distance effects on cross-border electronic commerce and in particular the importance of express delivery in reducing the time dimension of distance. E-commerce provides suppliers with a range of opportunities to reduce distance as perceived by online

  7. Some Lessons for Higher Education from the Economics of Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avenell, Simon

    The arrival of the Internet has been seen to portend the rise of the virtual university, global competition, and the end of campus education. The emerging economics of electronic commerce (eCommerce) allows for a measured understanding of the implications of the new technologies for higher education and even how educational innovation should be…

  8. SMEs and Electronic Commerce: A Departure from the Traditional Prioritisation of Training?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Helen; Milner, Brigid

    2002-01-01

    A survey of 56 small/medium-sized Irish enterprises showed that 46% were highly proficient in electronic commerce, 42% were at the basic level. Media pressure significantly influenced adoption. In 40% of firms, owner-managers were the driving force. E-commerce was not yet business critical and relevant training was not yet a comprehensive…

  9. Some Lessons for Higher Education from the Economics of Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avenell, Simon

    The arrival of the Internet has been seen to portend the rise of the virtual university, global competition, and the end of campus education. The emerging economics of electronic commerce (eCommerce) allows for a measured understanding of the implications of the new technologies for higher education and even how educational innovation should be…

  10. How to Regain Lost Customers in Electronic Commerce: An Empirical Study from China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Xu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Electronic commerce has experienced rapid growth in last years. B2C electronic commerce often has a high customer loss rate. To regain the lost customers is a major concern of online vendors. This paper investigates the strategies for winning back lost customers (price promotion and relationship investment through field experiment on a major B2C website in China. Research findings indicate the two strategies are effective in regaining lost customers online, depending on the customers’ prior relationship time with the vendor, and lapse time from the vendor. The study has contribution to electronic commerce and has practical implications for B2C vendors on customer management.

  11. An Electronic Commerce Strategy for MTMC’s Guaranteed Traffic Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-10-01

    AD-A264 299 SELECTE October 1992 S MAY1 4 1993U C An Electronic Commerce Strategy for MTMC’s Guaranteed Traffic Program MT901R I N1. Augustine...NUMBERS An Electronic Commerce Strategy for MTMC’s Guaranteed Traffic Program C MDA903-85-C -0139 M DA903-90-C-0006 PE 0902198D 6. AUTHOR(S) M...239-1L 299-01 LMI Executive Summary AN ELECTRONIC COMMERCE STRATEGY FOR MTMC’S GUARANTEED TRAFFIC PROGRAM In 1979, the Military Traffic Management

  12. Real-Time Robust Adaptive Modeling and Scheduling for an Electronic Commerce Server

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Bing; Ruan, Chun

    With the increasing importance and pervasiveness of Internet services, it is becoming a challenge for the proliferation of electronic commerce services to provide performance guarantees under extreme overload. This paper describes a real-time optimization modeling and scheduling approach for performance guarantee of electronic commerce servers. We show that an electronic commerce server may be simulated as a multi-tank system. A robust adaptive server model is subject to unknown additive load disturbances and uncertain model matching. Overload control techniques are based on adaptive admission control to achieve timing guarantees. We evaluate the performance of the model using a complex simulation that is subjected to varying model parameters and massive overload.

  13. Ubiquitous and pervasive commerce new frontiers for electronic business

    CERN Document Server

    Roussos, George

    2006-01-01

    The new capabilities of ubiquitous and pervasive computing imply that products, locations, consumers and employees create rich streams of information about themselves, their immediate environment and their use. This book brings together technological and business aspects of conducting commerce using ubiquitous and pervasive computing techniques and also examines its implications for society at large. Individual chapters examine in detail the core technologies that make ubiquitous computing possible, the business standards that must be established to support the envisioned global infrastructure

  14. Electronic health records to facilitate clinical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowie, Martin R; Blomster, Juuso I; Curtis, Lesley H; Duclaux, Sylvie; Ford, Ian; Fritz, Fleur; Goldman, Samantha; Janmohamed, Salim; Kreuzer, Jörg; Leenay, Mark; Michel, Alexander; Ong, Seleen; Pell, Jill P; Southworth, Mary Ross; Stough, Wendy Gattis; Thoenes, Martin; Zannad, Faiez; Zalewski, Andrew

    2017-01-01

    Electronic health records (EHRs) provide opportunities to enhance patient care, embed performance measures in clinical practice, and facilitate clinical research. Concerns have been raised about the increasing recruitment challenges in trials, burdensome and obtrusive data collection, and uncertain generalizability of the results. Leveraging electronic health records to counterbalance these trends is an area of intense interest. The initial applications of electronic health records, as the primary data source is envisioned for observational studies, embedded pragmatic or post-marketing registry-based randomized studies, or comparative effectiveness studies. Advancing this approach to randomized clinical trials, electronic health records may potentially be used to assess study feasibility, to facilitate patient recruitment, and streamline data collection at baseline and follow-up. Ensuring data security and privacy, overcoming the challenges associated with linking diverse systems and maintaining infrastructure for repeat use of high quality data, are some of the challenges associated with using electronic health records in clinical research. Collaboration between academia, industry, regulatory bodies, policy makers, patients, and electronic health record vendors is critical for the greater use of electronic health records in clinical research. This manuscript identifies the key steps required to advance the role of electronic health records in cardiovascular clinical research.

  15. A Framework for Effective User Interface Design for Web-Based Electronic Commerce Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justyna Burns

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Efficient delivery of relevant product information is increasingly becoming the central basis of competition between firms. The interface design represents the central component for successful information delivery to consumers. However, interface design for web-based information systems is probably more an art than a science at this point in time. Much research is needed to understand properties of an effective interface for electronic commerce. This paper develops a framework identifying the relationship between user factors, the role of the user interface and overall system success for web-based electronic commerce. The paper argues that web-based systems for electronic commerce have some similar properties to decision support systems (DSS and adapts an established DSS framework to the electronic commerce domain. Based on a limited amount of research studying web browser interface design, the framework identifies areas of research needed and outlines possible relationships between consumer characteristics, interface design attributes and measures of overall system success.

  16. Study on Electronic Commerce Maturity of Small and Medium-sized Agricultural Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article advances the concept of electronic commerce maturity of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises,and establishes the indicator system of electronic commerce maturity of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises.This indicator system includes 4 first-level indicators(infrastructure,transaction process,operation management,and transaction safety),which are divided into 11 second-level indicators(hardware equipment,computer network,e-procurement,logistics distribution,supply chain management,customer relationship management,and payment security).We use analytic hierarchy process(AHP) to determine the weight of indicator at all levels,and establish fuzzy comprehensive evaluation mathematical model of electronic commerce maturity of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises.Finally,through examples,we verify the rationality and reliability of evaluation method of electronic commerce maturity of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises combining analytic hierarchy process(AHP) and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation.

  17. Electronic Commerce and Information Technique%电子商务与信息技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏顺开

    2001-01-01

    通过介绍电子商务的概念, 从企业管理角度探讨了电子商务的实质,论述了与电子商务系统有关的信息技术。%This paper introduces the concept of electronic commerce, discusses the essence and information technique with electronic commerce.

  18. An ANFIS-based on B2C electronic commerce transaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, Juan, E-mail: linjuanliucaihong@qq.com [Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Fuqing Branch of Fujian Normal University, Fuqing 350300 (China); Liu, Chenlian, E-mail: chenglian.liu@gmail.com [School of Mathematics and Computer Science, Long Yan University, Longyan 364012 (China); Guo, Yongning, E-mail: guoyn@163.com [Fuqing Branch of Fujian Normal University, Fuqing 350300 (China)

    2014-10-06

    The purpose of this study is to use an adaptive-network-based fuzzy inference system to model a fuzzy logic-based system (FIS) for supporting decision-making process in B2C electronic commerce transaction. Firstly we introduce FIS in B2C electronic commerce transaction and ANFIS. Then we use ANFIS to model FIS with different membership functions(MF). Lastly we give a conclusion.

  19. An ANFIS-based on B2C electronic commerce transaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Juan; Liu, Chenlian; Guo, Yongning

    2014-10-01

    The purpose of this study is to use an adaptive-network-based fuzzy inference system to model a fuzzy logic-based system (FIS) for supporting decision-making process in B2C electronic commerce transaction. Firstly we introduce FIS in B2C electronic commerce transaction and ANFIS. Then we use ANFIS to model FIS with different membership functions(MF). Lastly we give a conclusion.

  20. Electronic Commerce in Small and Medium Enterprises and Management Participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to come to know the fact that which level of the three levels of managers (Top, Middle and Low Level has more participation in applying e-commerce in the organization. Another purpose of the study is to know that how many people are employed as IT personal in the Indian small and medium enterprises? In this study we used Stratified Random Sampling to collect the necessary data. This sampling technique (also sometimes called proportional or quota random sampling is a probability sampling method that involves dividing population of study into homogeneous subgroups and then taking a simple random sample in each subgroup. According to the result of the study, most of the sample believes that the only top level of management using of e-commerce in organization. On the other hand, majority of the small and medium enterprises employ less than 10 IT personnel while only 2.5% employ more than 30 IT personnel.

  1. A change of course: The importance to DoD of international standards for electronic commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Judith E.

    1991-12-01

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) is committed to using electronic commerce in the future with the over 300,000 vendors interested in doing business with DoD. Electronic commerce will move DoD from a paper-based world to one based on electronic transactions enabled by the exchange of formatted, electronic messages referred to as electronic data interchange (EDI). With electronic commerce, DoD plans to reduce costs, increase effectiveness, and make it easier for vendors to deal with DoD. Benefits from electronic commerce are enhanced when many businesses use the same standards for EDI messages themselves and their transmission. The fewer standards used, the less time and resources must be spent translating messages and agreeing on how to use different standards. To enhance benefits and smooth the transition to electronic commerce for itself and its vendors, DoD has chosen to use the widely accepted American National Standards Institute (ANSI) X12 standards for EDI messages, coupled with international standards for delivering messages and organizing addresses. In the past 18 months, EDI standards sponsored by a United Nations body and serving the same purpose as ANSI X12 message standards have begun to gain wider acceptance internationally.

  2. TRANSACTION BASED SECURITY ISSUES AND PATHWAYS TO EFFECTIVE ELECTRONIC COMMERCE: FROM TACTICS TO STRATEGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.S.S.Riaz Ahamed,

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Electronic commerce promises to empower consumers and producers alike with the ability to engage in mutually satisfactory interactions, providing fulfillment in real time over the Internet for the exchange of products, services, or information. Fulfillment in real time, offering a complete, self-directing, interactive order processing capability, is the true promise of electronic commerce for business. Electronic Commerce is thus conducting of business communication and transactions over networks and through computers. Most restrictively defined, electronic commerce is the buying and selling of goods and services, and the transfer of funds, through digital communications. Electronic Commerce also includes all inter-company and intracompanyfunctions such as, marketing, finance, manufacturing, selling, and negotiation that enables commerce and utilize file transfer, e-mail, EDI, video conferencing, workflow, or interaction with a remote computer, including the World Wide Web. Transaction security is a major concern for businesses that offer products or services over the Internet. Secures ecommerce has revolutionized the 21st century in a way that few other technologies have. Over the past decade, the phenomenon of ecommerce has developed into a full-blown industry. Once used solely for business-to-business purposes, today nearly everyone has made at least one purchase using an ecommerce platform.

  3. Book Soup: Electronic Commerce and the Future of Publishing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuck, Lysbeth B.

    1998-01-01

    Examines electronic book selling and publishing, with a detailed look at Amazon.com, National Association of Science Writers, and *bylines* sites. Discusses costs/profits; differences between traditional and electronic book selling; customer feedback; ordering procedures; membership; out-of-print titles; the Direct-to-Web model of electronic…

  4. Critical Success Factors for Electronic Commerce in Chinese Electronic Information Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Critical success factors (CSF) for electronic commerce (EC) are important for enterprises.This research discusses both assessment indicators and impact factors for EC success to help Chinese enterprises to achieve successful EC implementations. On the basis of literature review and experts survey, the research suggests some assessment indicators and impact factors for EC success. A hypothesis is proposed that leadership, strategy, management, organization, technology, customers,and suppliers factors would affect EC success. Furthermore, the research conducts an empirical study on the Chinese Electronic Information Industry to verify the hypothesis. Using factor analysis and regression analysis, the research finds out several critical factors--leadership, strategy, and organization--and critical sub-factors, such as leadership belief and organization management. These findings indicate the usefulness of this research model, especially for Chinese enterprises.

  5. ANALYSIS OF DIGITAL SIGNATURE RULE IN THE ELECTRONIC COMMERCE LAW OF INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irna Nurhayati

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The Indonesian legislature has enacted the Information and Electronic Transaction Bill (the Bill in 2003, in which digital signature as a technology specific electronic (e commerce has been promoted. The promotion of digital signature is still problematic, since there is an uncertainty whether Indonesia can develop well a required viable technology of digital signature. Moreover, there is a gap between the actual use of digital signature and the projections of future utilization of digital signature by interested parties on e-commerce. This paper will discuss the reason of the Indonesian legislature promotes digital signature. It will then analyse the gap between the actual use of digital signature and the projections of future utilization of digital signature by interested parties on e-commerce. This paper will finally argue whether the promotion of digital signature of the Bill is useful for the growth of e-commerce in Indonesia.

  6. The Regional Electronic Commerce Development Level Evaluation Technique based on ELECTRE-IV Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZHAI Shan-shan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available E-commerce has become an effective method to enhance economic competiveness and win the resource allocation advantages for different regions, as well as a key standard to assess the economic power of one region. A novel evaluation technique based on ELECTRE-IV method is proposed to the regional electronic commerce development level. Experimental results suggest that this proposed approach is correct, feasible and efficacious.

  7. Health care and privacy law in electronic commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, B

    1994-01-01

    As electronic data interchange (EDI) continues to gain acceptance and use, questions regarding protection of the confidentiality of private healthcare information have arisen. This article explains how a computer-based information system equipped with appropriate safeguards can be far better at ensuring privacy than a paper-based system.

  8. Evaluating the Benefits of Electronic Commerce in Small and Medium Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Marshall

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines and analyses the behaviours of small and medium enterprises with respect to the evaluation of electronic commerce investments, and the subsequent realisation of the anticipated benefits from those investments. The responses of executives who participated in the study suggested that on-going involvement in electronic commerce did not come cheaply. Nonetheless, our study suggests that there were generally ad hoc approaches to evaluation of the proposed electronic commerce investments, almost non-existent post-implementation reviews, few measures of success, and generally speaking, there was little evidence of there being proactive management of the realisation of benefits of those investments. Perhaps not surprisingly, the group interviewed seemed somewhat disappointed with the outcomes of their electronic commerce initiatives. The implications of these findings are discussed, particularly for countries where small and medium enterprises contribute a large proportion of total economic activity, and where thus it is vital for small and medium enterprises to successfully engage in electronic commerce if the country is to derive the benefits of the new economy.

  9. The Influence of Power on Trading Partner Trust in Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratnasingam, Pauline

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of power in electronic commerce focuses on the impact of power in the adoption of electronic data interchange. Presents a case study of Ford Motor Company in Australia that shows negative (coercive) power resulted in uncertainty, whereas positive (persuasive) power resulted in open communications, thus building trading partner trust.…

  10. The Influence of Power on Trading Partner Trust in Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratnasingam, Pauline

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of power in electronic commerce focuses on the impact of power in the adoption of electronic data interchange. Presents a case study of Ford Motor Company in Australia that shows negative (coercive) power resulted in uncertainty, whereas positive (persuasive) power resulted in open communications, thus building trading partner trust.…

  11. Electronic Commerce: a battle on regulation, standards transportation media and business integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Andersen

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available The drive towards the electronic commerce organisation is both a troublesome and a strifted path for government, enterprises and consumers worldwide. In this article we analyse the evolution of electronic commerce in Denmark during the period 1995-1998 from four perspectives: regulation, standards, transportation media and business integration. The Danish government is stimulating the use of electronic commerce using direct and indirect policy initiatives on central, governmental regulation and establishment of greens enabling self-regulation. Also, the governments own, organisational management is in Denmark seen as a mean to exalt electronic commerce. Onwards, the fist on proprietary standards and the UN/EDIFACT is an ongoing source of delaying, stimulating or reventing electronic commerce depending on the business sector and the size of market actor addressed. In Denmark, the direct access and value added network supporters have so far been the dominating mean to transport the electronic documents in the business transaction. The Internet and XML technology is at the turn of the century challenging the way of doing business within this field. Some view this as the big blue to speed the diffusion of electronic commerce; others are worried that the incentive to investment and pull the partners in the value chain to use EDI might be lost. Finally, our study conclude that the debate on business integration issues is ambiguous and characterised by substantial uncertainty on for example the role of intermediates, direct sale, hyper-shift in business partners and the pull/push of global enterprises at the local markets.

  12. The Long Term Effects of Electronic Commerce and Data Interchange on Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Bergeron

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to identify the determinants of electronic commerce effectiveness, as well as the variation over time of their effect. A two-phased study was undertaken for this purpose, using EDI as a specific form of electronic commerce. Sixty-five organisations were surveyed twice over a three-year period. In Phase 1, determining factors were found to be the level of organisational support, the rigour of the implementation process, the presence of control procedures, and the level of internal integration, external integration and imposition of EDI. Imposition also has a negative effect on the organisational context of EDI. In Phase 2, the implementation process, internal integration and imposition lost their importance, whereas the effect of imposition on the organisational context became positive. In the future, we expect the security and external integration to be the most important success factors of electronic commerce.

  13. The Impact of Electronic Commerce on the Development of Nowadays Society: an Economic and a Managerial Perspective – A Case Study on Romania’s Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Cristina Raluca Popescu; Veronica Adriana Popescu; Gheorghe N. Popescu

    2015-01-01

    The paper entitled “The Impact of Electronic Commerce on the Development of Nowadays Society: an Economic and a Managerial Perspective – A Case Study on Romania’s Experience” presents the electronic commerce with its definitions, historical evolution and importance, it’s the main forms, the advantages and disadvantages of e-commerce, the electronic commerce versus traditional commerce as well as the electronic commerce in Romania. In this research we have emphasised the role and the importanc...

  14. The Impact of Electronic Commerce on the Publishing Industry: Towards a Business Value Complementarity Framework of Electronic Publishing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scupola, Ada

    1999-01-01

    Discussion of the publishing industry and its use of information and communication technologies focuses on the way in which electronic-commerce technologies are changing and could change the publishing processes, and develops a business complementarity model of electronic publishing to maximize profitability and improve the competitive position.…

  15. The Impact of Electronic Commerce on the Publishing Industry: Towards a Business Value Complementarity Framework of Electronic Publishing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scupola, Ada

    1999-01-01

    Discussion of the publishing industry and its use of information and communication technologies focuses on the way in which electronic-commerce technologies are changing and could change the publishing processes, and develops a business complementarity model of electronic publishing to maximize profitability and improve the competitive position.…

  16. The Navy Supply Corps Newsletter. Contracting Innovations: Navy Electronic Commerce Online Navy Afloat Purchase Card Program. Volume 62, No. 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-01

    tf • lovy Electronic Commerce Online m Afloat Purchase Card Program4 % y5.ll ’ ’"’#K5&. ifekj 1IÜN AB iräri.1 . ■■-■ 11...Contracting Innovations NAVSUP Electronic Commerce in Contracting for Beginners 8 The Afloat Purchase Card Program: Decentralizing Purchasing for...there. J- May/June NAVSUP Electronic Commerce in Contracting for Beginners By Matt Nielsen, NECO Project Manager, Naval Supply Systems Command M he

  17. DOD Electronic Commerce (EC)/Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) in contracting report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    Use of Electronic Commerce (EC)/Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) to support Department of Defense (DoD) procurement processes has been under consideration for some time. A 1988 Deputy Secretary of Defense memo calls for maximum use of EDI, based on 10 years of DoD EDI investigation and experiments. In 1990, Defense Management Review Decision 941 stated, 'The strategic goal of DoD's current efforts is to provide the department with the capability to initiate, conduct, and maintain its external business related transactions and internal logistics, contracting, and financial activities without requiring the use of hard copy media.' The EC in Contracting PAT membership reflected a broad cross section of Military Services and Defense Agencies working on a full-time basis for 60 days. The diversity of the EC in Contracting PAT ensured that the needs and concerns of all DoD components were addressed during the creation of the report. The resultant plan, therefore, represents a comprehensive approach for implementing EC throughout the DoD.

  18. Megastore: Advanced Internet-based Electronic Commerce Service for Music Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Benabdelkader, A.; Afsarmanesh, H.; Hertzberger, L.O.; Ibrahim, M.; Küng, J.; Revell, N.

    2000-01-01

    To support necessary requirements and flexibility to the buyers of different goods; advanced and efficient internet-based Electronic Commerce services must be designed and developed. In addition to the traditional user requirements, the developed system must properly address efficiency issues, among

  19. PROFILE OF THE ELECTRONIC COMMERCE CONSUMER: A STUDY WITH BRAZILIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario de Oliveira Lima-Filho

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed to analyze the profile of electronic commerce costumers, as well as identify characteristics that differentiate costumers from non-costumers of electronic commerce. For this purpose, a quantitative-descriptive study was carried out with university students of a federal public univer sity of the south-western region of Brazil, during the first half of 2011, using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, logistic regression and cluster analysis. The results showed that more than 75% of the students had already made purchases over the Internet and that security and price were major factors in their decision. Men were the primary users of electronic commerce and this type of consumption was positively related to income and the use of credit cards. In addition, consumption preferences able to differentiate consumers of electronic commerce from non-consumers were: quick and practical shopping, risk perception and indiffe rence towards testing the products before making purchases. The results also indicated that there were four different segments in habits, preferences and socio-demographic characteristics: "controlled", "young consumers", "basic consumer" and "conventional buyers"

  20. An Investigation of the Negotiation Domain for Electronic Commerce Information Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zlatev, Z.V.; Eck, van P.A.T.; Camp, O.; Filipe, J.; Hammoudi, S.; Piattini, M.

    2003-01-01

    To support fully automatic business cycles, information systems for electronic commerce need to be able to conduct negotiation automatically. In recent years, a number of general frameworks for automated negotiation have been proposed. Application of such frameworks in a specific negotiation situati

  1. Towards successful electronic commerce strategies : a hierarchy of three management models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huizingh, Eelko K.R.E.

    1999-01-01

    Although only few managers deny the potential of the Internet, many are struggling with the question how their company can best exploit electronic commerce. Managers need tools that guide them in their quest for effective Web applications. In this paper, we present three models that provide

  2. The First World Congress on the Management of Electronic Commerce: Review and Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bontis, Nick; De Castro, Akemi

    2000-01-01

    Summarizes some key findings of academic papers presented at the First World Congress on the Management of Electronic Commerce (January, 2000, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada). Outlines two meta-management issues that surfaced: taking a strategic approach to Internet ventures and considering infrastructure design during implementation. Highlights…

  3. The First World Congress on the Management of Electronic Commerce: Review and Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bontis, Nick; De Castro, Akemi

    2000-01-01

    Summarizes some key findings of academic papers presented at the First World Congress on the Management of Electronic Commerce (January, 2000, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada). Outlines two meta-management issues that surfaced: taking a strategic approach to Internet ventures and considering infrastructure design during implementation. Highlights…

  4. A Review of the Effect of Electronic Commerce in SCM and its Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahim Ehsani

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Competitive advantage of an organization to a large extent depends on efficiency of its supply chain. The supply chain management should increase the member’s coordination to make opportunities for consensus. In recent years by growing the information technology, electronic commerce have changed supply chain elements. Especially internet which is a fundamental part of electronic commerce owns a high potential to improve supply chain. In recent years supply chain is a growing body consist of instruments and technologies to make coordination and it can improve the key processes such as decreasing the costs, improving the quality, facilating distribution and affricating consumers satisfaction. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of technology in organization. Then the focus will be on the impact of electronic commerce as a modern technology on different parts of supply chain including marketing, purchasing, distribution and logistic despite the copious advantageous of electronic commerce, there are some deficiency is its nature which could lead to obstacles in cooperating of supply chain management. These obstacles include cultural preventive, untrustworthy, poor infrastructures and insufficient use of information technology, although such effects can be decreased by using strategic insight, stable development and good infrastructures.

  5. ANALYSIS OF DIGITAL SIGNATURE RULE IN THE ELECTRONIC COMMERCE LAW OF INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Irna Nurhayati

    2015-01-01

    The Indonesian legislature has enacted the Information and Electronic Transaction Bill (the Bill) in 2003, in which digital signature as a technology specific electronic (e) commerce has been promoted. The promotion of digital signature is still problematic, since there is an uncertainty whether Indonesia can develop well a required viable technology of digital signature. Moreover, there is a gap between the actual use of digital signature and the projections of future utilization of digital ...

  6. Evaluation of Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce) with SWOT Analysis as an Alternative Network Marketing at Agricultural Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Nuray Kızılaslan; Tayfur Ünal

    2015-01-01

    Compulsory competition occurring in the world trade has led the enterprises to different marketing system. Marketing problems seems to be a problem in Turkey rather than agricultural production problems. In this aspect, marketing alternatives are sought. E-commerce is a system with more opportunities in agricultural marketing. Increasing the applicability of this system in Turkey will eliminate many problems associated with marketing in agriculture. With an active use of E-commerce in agricul...

  7. The essence and development of electronic commerce in Ukraine: an accounting aspect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y.P. Kvach

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The essence and features of electronic commerce in the world and in Ukraine under modern conditions have been observed in the article. The advantages and disadvantages of electronic commerce, development prospects and favorable factors of impact have been determined. The essence, the main tasks, Internet marketing tools as corporate website, context advertising, media advertising, advertising on vidmets, product placement in online games etc., and the benefits of its use for modern Ukrainian enterprises, namely obtaining competitive advantages due to the possibility of saving time and minimizing costs, have been identified. The problem issues of accounting display of electronic commerce, in particular the basic requirements for document processing, have been determined. An important issues for accounting have been determined: the way delivery to the consumer and modeling optimal logistics chain for minimizing road costs; identifying websites as an asset (an intangible asset; settlements with customers; returning goods for various reasons. The rapid development of Internet commerce impacts the method of accounting and economic analysis, creating new job modeling the behavior of an enterprises to obtain competitive advantage.

  8. 41 CFR 102-118.80 - Who is responsible for keeping my agency's electronic commerce transportation billing records?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... keeping my agency's electronic commerce transportation billing records? 102-118.80 Section 102-118.80... Transportation and Transportation Services § 102-118.80 Who is responsible for keeping my agency's electronic commerce transportation billing records? Your agency's internal financial regulations will...

  9. A Problem Solving Environment for Electronic Commerce and Collaborative Work in the Housing Industry of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUJungang; WANGHongan; DAIGuozhong

    2004-01-01

    Currently, the world is in the times that knowledge economy is growing up rapidly. The gathering, sharing, using and spreading of information have become key factors of influencing competition capability of one enterprise; at the same time, information technologies that support distributed computing and information sharing appear one after the other. Therefore, distributed computing will become an inevitable trend of development of enterprise informatization. As one part of the construction industry, the housing industry is emerging as a new application frontier for information technologies. According to the applications of information technologies in the housing industry, this paper puts forth a Problem Solving Environment for electronic commerce and collaborative work, electronic-PSE (e-PSE), which is an Intranet/Internet platform for solving many problems existing in the housing industry, such as building of virtual organization, system integration, development of new Internet/Intranet application and so on. The information infrastructure framework of e-PSE is presented, whichi ncludes two modules: XML-based electronic commerce platform (XECP), XML-based collaborative work platform(XCWP). XECP provides solutions for integration of construction system and electronic commerce system; XCWP provides solutions for building of virtual organization and implementation of collaborative work of partners. At last,conclusions and prospects are presented.

  10. 基于网络经济的审计%Studies on Electronic Commerce Audit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘树林; 李雨田

    2001-01-01

    通过分析电子商务的产生、发展及内涵,结合目前我国电子商务发展的现状,提出电子商务审计的概念,通过探讨电子商务审计的对象、目标、职能、任务及电子商务审计的内容、电子商务审计的基本方法等,试图建立网络经济条件下审计的新模式。%Through analysis of the birth,development and connotation ofElectronic Commerce,the paper points out the concept of electronic commerce audit,discusses its aim,object,task and function,recognizes its content,explores its basic ways and tries to resolve the reliabilities of electronic commerce with the help of the pattern of electronic commerce audit.

  11. The research on electronic commerce security payment system based on set protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Hongliang

    2012-04-01

    With the rapid development of network technology, online transactions have become more and more common. In this paper, we firstly introduce the principle and the basic principal and technical foundation of SET, and then we analyze the progress of designing a system in the foundation of the procedure of the electronic business based on SET. On this basis, we design a system of the Payment System for Electronic Business. It will not only take on crucial realism signification for large-scale, medium-sized and mini-type corporations, but also provide guide meaning with programmer and design-developer to realize Electronic Commerce (EC).

  12. Evaluation of Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce with SWOT Analysis as an Alternative Network Marketing at Agricultural Marketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuray Kızılaslan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Compulsory competition occurring in the world trade has led the enterprises to different marketing system. Marketing problems seems to be a problem in Turkey rather than agricultural production problems. In this aspect, marketing alternatives are sought. E-commerce is a system with more opportunities in agricultural marketing. Increasing the applicability of this system in Turkey will eliminate many problems associated with marketing in agriculture. With an active use of E-commerce in agricultural marketing, it provides convenience at marketing products of agro-related industries agencies and producers and all country will have a potential market position. In this study, possibilities offered by e-commerce to the agricultural sector, opportunities, threats, deficiencies and contributions to agricultural sector have been addressed. Without the limitations of place and time via the internet and computers, establishing national and international supply and demand balance of e-commerce seems to play important roles in maintaining an active and alive marketing. Furthermore, it is an important tool in reducing agricultural marketing problems.

  13. Empirical Study of Consumers' Purchase Intentions in C2C Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Dehua; LU Yaobin; ZHOU Deyi

    2008-01-01

    Electronic commerce is becoming increasingly important in business, but lack of intention to purchase has become a main barrier in the development of electronic commerce. Thus, effective measures are needed to promote consumers' intentions to purchase in online consumer to consumer (C2C) stores. This paper postulates that five factors, the perceived ease of use of the website, perceived usefulness of the website, vendor competence, introduction and recommendations of third parties, and vendors' attitude toward customers, influence consumers' intentions to purchase in online C2C stores and this intention directly leads to their action to purchase from online C2C stores. The structural equation modeling (SEM) method was used to analyze empirical data, supporting these hypotheses except for the effect of vendor competence.

  14. Digital contract approach for consistent and predictable multimedia information delivery in electronic commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konana, Prabhudev; Gupta, Alok; Whinston, Andrew B.

    1997-01-01

    A pure 'technological' solution to network quality problems is incomplete since any benefits from new technologies are offset by the demand from exponentially growing electronic commerce ad data-intensive applications. SInce an economic paradigm is implicit in electronic commerce, we propose a 'market-system' approach to improve quality of service. Quality of service for digital products takes on a different meaning since users view quality of service differently and value information differently. We propose a framework for electronic commerce that is based on an economic paradigm and mass-customization, and works as a wide-area distributed management system. In our framework, surrogate-servers act as intermediaries between information provides and end- users, and arrange for consistent and predictable information delivery through 'digital contracts.' These contracts are negotiated and priced based on economic principles. Surrogate servers pre-fetched, through replication, information from many different servers and consolidate based on demand expectations. In order to recognize users' requirements and process requests accordingly, real-time databases are central to our framework. We also propose that multimedia information be separated into slowly changing and rapidly changing data streams to improve response time requirements. Surrogate- servers perform the tasks of integration of these data streams that is transparent to end-users.

  15. Electronic Commerce in Tourism in China: B2B or B2C?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hongxiu; Suomi, Reima

    E-commerce has significantly changed the distribution channels of travel products in the world including China. Online channels are growing important in travel service distribution. In China tourism industry has been developed rapidly with the economic development, more and more international travel service providers are trying to expand their Chinese market through the Internet. This paper sheds lights on the e-commerce development models in China for international travel service providers. It explores the current e-tourism in China from the three different participants in the value chain in tourism industry - consumer, travel agent and travel service provider. The paper also identifies the barriers in B2C arena in international outbound travel market, and discusses the possible approaches for international travel service providers to develop their e-commerce in the huge Chinese market. The results in this study reveal that international travel service providers should focus on B2B model to expand their electronic market in China. B2C development in tourism largely depends on the change of Chinese customers' behavior and the change of international tourism regulations. The findings of the study are expected to assist international travel service providers to understand current e-tourism in China and to support their planning for future e-commerce development in China.

  16. Tradern: a collaborative model for improving small business participation in electronic commerce in sub-Saharan Africa.

    OpenAIRE

    Ojukwu, Dili

    2009-01-01

    The inception of the Internet has brought with it Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce) practices which have greatly transformed the ways firms conduct businesses globally. Internet-based E-Commerce, particularly business-to-business (B2B) holds the key for small businesses to compete on a level playing field with their big business counterparts. Unfortunately, however, there is considerable evidence to show that small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in developing countries, particular...

  17. Electronic Commerce publications and research in Australia: Implications of the Research Quality Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helana Scheepers

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Australian universities and academics will soon see a major change in the way research is reported and funded. It is expected that by 2008, according to the most recent timetable (Bishop 2006, the Research Quality Framework (RQF will be implemented. The result of the announcement has been an increased activity within universities focusing on the proposed criteria. The proposed RQF will seek to have research assessed according to quality and impact. Part of both quality and impact relates to where research is published. For academics it will be increasingly important to target high quality journals if the research is to be rated as high quality. The question this raises for Information Systems academics is where do we publish for maximum impact? The Information Systems (IS field is diverse with researchers working in many areas and a publication outlet for one area may not be relevant for another. One area where many Australian IS researchers have focused their research interest is the field of electronic commerce (e-commerce. The research reported in this paper identified the publication outlets that would be regarded as amongst the highest quality for researchers wishing to publish e-commerce research. The authors analysed e-commerce research papers by Australian researchers published in the period 2000 to 2005. The results describe where Australian researchers are publishing in this field. The paper also provides guidance to those working in the e-commerce field on which journals and conferences to target to ensure their work rates highly in terms of the RQF.

  18. Business-to-business electronic commerce systems and services. Smart EC solution; Kigyoka nrenkei system solution system. Smart EC solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Setoguchi, T.; Manchu, Y.; Katsumata, M. [Toshiba Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    2000-04-01

    Toshiba provides a range of information technology (IT) solutions called SmartEC Solution, which includes business-to-business electronic commerce systems and services based on international standards and industrial know-how, especially our electronic data interchange (EDI) know-how as a manufacturer. These IT solutions are supplied as services covering strategy planning, system integration, and application service provider based on five types of business-to-business electronic commerce. (author)

  19. E-commerce, paper and energy use: a case study concerning a Dutch electronic computer retailer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoogeveen, M.J.; Reijnders, L. [Open University Netherlands, Heerlen (Netherlands)

    2002-07-01

    Impacts of the application of c-commerce on paper and energy use are analysed in a case study concerning a Dutch electronic retailer (e-tailer) of computers. The estimated use of paper associated with the e-tailer concerned was substantially reduced if compared with physical retailing or traditional mail-order retailing. However, the overall effect of e-tailing on paper use strongly depends on customer behaviour. Some characteristics of c-commerce, as practised by the e-tailer concerned, such as diminished floor space requirements, reduced need for personal transport and simplified logistics, improve energy efficiency compared with physical retailing. Substitution of paper information by online information has an energetic effect that is dependent on the time of online information perusal and the extent to which downloaded information is printed. Increasing distances from producers to consumers, outsourcing, and increased use of computers, associated equipment and electronic networks are characteristics of e-commerce that may have an upward effect on energy use. In this case study, the upward effects thereof on energy use were less than the direct energy efficiency gains. However, the indirect effects associated with increased buying power and the rebound effect on transport following from freefalling travel time, greatly exceeded direct energy efficiency gains. (author)

  20. The Influence of Scope and Integrated Experimental Approaches to Safe Electronic Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.S.S.Riaz Ahamed

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The Internet has emerged as an appliance of every day life, accessible from almost every point on the planet. Students across the world are discovering vast treasure troves of data via the World Wide Web. Doctors are utilizing Tele-medicine to administer off-site diagnoses to patients in need. Citizens of many nations are findingadditional outlets for personal and political expression. The Internet is being used to reinvent government and reshape our lives and our communities in the process. Electronic Commerce is thus conducting of business communication and transactions over networks and through computers. Most restrictively defined, electroniccommerce is the buying and selling of goods and services, and the transfer of funds, through digital communications. Electronic Commerce also includes all inter-company and intra-company functions such as, marketing, finance, manufacturing, selling, and negotiation that enables commerce and utilize file transfer, email, EDI, FAX, video conferencing, workflow, or interaction with a remote computer, including the World Wide Web.

  1. New Electronic Technologies for Facilitating Differentiated Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scalise, Kathleen

    2009-01-01

    With electronic technologies, differentiated instruction has the same meaning as in traditional instruction, but different tools are available for teachers to help students learn. Electronic technologies for differentiated instruction can add powerful new types of media inclusion, levels of interactivity, and response actions. This rapidly…

  2. CULTURAL ISSUES IN WEBSITE DESIGN. A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE ON ELECTRONIC COMMERCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Asimionoaei

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Commerce and electronic business have gained momentum in recent years. Attracted by the mirage of global markets, most companies enter the virtual environment without taking into account thecultural implications of such a step. The major question that arises at this stage of development of global trade on the Internet is if companies understand the importance of cultural factors in their actions on the global market and if we have tools, theories and models with which to carry out cultural analysis for understanding cultural environments online.

  3. The aplication of electronic commerce in the distribution of insurance services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piljan Ivan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the importance of information and communication technology for the development of the insurance companies, with special emphasis on the current development and potential for further development of marketing, and the distribution of insurance products in particular, which relies on information and communication technologies, especially the Internet. A special place here is reserved for the internet marketing as the most common of Internet uses among insurance companies. Transforming business processes so that they comply with the principles of electronic commerce will in the neaar future become common even in smaller businesses, formerly conservative financial institutions, e.g. insurance companies, are increasingly turning to e-insurance which, despite high costs of its introduction and initial problems in the operation, are to be relied upon in the near future. Therefore, in many countries, it is becoming accepted, to a greater or lesser extent. Mobile communication brings the biggest changes in electronic commerce. Even today, its prevalence among consumers offers great opportunities for service providers. Insurance companies in our country at this moment do not offer their services through this specific communication channel, but in the very near future changes can be expected in this field, due to the fact that the prerequisites for that exist in Serbia. This is supported by information that some insurance companies in the neighboring countries have already activated their first applications for smart phones and similar applications in the Serbian banking industry already exist.

  4. A study of the role of e-commerce implementation on electronic banking development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Nehzat

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the role of e-commerce implementation of development of electronic banking. The study determines the effects of four factors, management knowledge, technological issues, financial and socio-economic factors on development of e-banking in city of Tehran, Iran. The study designs a questionnaire in Likert scale and distributes it among 96 randomly selected managers who work for Bank Saderat Iran. Cronbach alpha has been calculated as 0.89, which is well above the minimum acceptable level. Using Pearson correlation as well as stepwise regression technique, the study has determined that management, social and economic factors influence the most on electronic banking development.

  5. 电子商务安全体系研究%Research on the Security System of Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄刚; 李洪进

    2014-01-01

    随着互联网技术的发展,电子商务已逐渐成为人们商务活动的新模式。建立一个安全的电子商务环境,是电子商务稳定发展的前提条件。介绍了电子商务面临的安全威胁,分析了电子商务网上支付安全策略,并探讨了电子商务安全体系的几个关键技术问题。%With the development of Internet technology ,e-commerce has gradually become a new model for business activi-ties .The establishment of a secure electronic commerce environment ,is the prerequisite for the stable development of e-lectronic commerce .This paper introduces the security threats faced by electronic commerce ,analyzes the security strate-gy of e-commerce online payment ,discusses several key technical issues of electronic commerce security system .

  6. Business Students' Perceptions of Electronic Commerce - Will They Join the Revolution?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter Fink

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available The dramatic impact of Electronic Commerce (EC is attracting much attention, most of which is directed towards emerging Internet technology. However, it is generally acknowledged that it will take a few more years before EC becomes mainstream. The perceptions of business students, the future business leaders, on the promises and perils of EC are therefore vital. Our research indicated that they believe that the capabilities of the Internet for marketing and distribution are achieved to a greater extent than those for accounting and finance. The use of digital money appears to be still unrealistic in their opinion. Their main concern is for the insecurity of EC in such areas as computer viruses, theft of information, and unauthorised access to data by intruders. As a consequence, the trust the students currently have in EC is relatively low. However, they are optimistic about future prospects of EC, which they perceive will significantly improve over the next few years.

  7. A Scheme of Certificateless Multilevel Proxy Digital Signature in Electronic Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Zhang

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Under a completely open network, in order to ensure the security of communication, an effective scheme of certificateless multilevel proxy signature is designed by using bilinear pairings. Under the strongest security model, the scheme provides an formal safety certificate. The safety of the scheme is based on the difficulty in solving the Diffie-Hellman question. The scheme raised by this thesis possesses security characters: it is verifiable, undeniable, discernible and preventive from signature abuse. The multilevel proxy signature scheme also has the merit of flexibility and it is traceable to the backward as well as extensible to the forward. On account of its merits of security, high efficiency and flexibility, it can be extensively applied in electronic commerce, mobile agent system and so on.

  8. Electronic Commerce in China%电子商务在中国

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨学农

    1998-01-01

    @@ 1997年7月1日,美国总统克林顿发布了"AFramework for Global Electronic Commerce"--全球电子商务纲要.克林顿还宣布,从1999年1月1日起,美国政府采购将取消纸单证的贸易手续."全球电子商务纲要"作为一个政策性文件,对Internet及电子商务都将产生深远的影响,世界各国已纷纷作出反应,我们对此亦应予以关注.

  9. On Electronic Commerce & Anti-unjustified Competition%论电子商务与反不正当竞争

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马海群

    2001-01-01

    This paper puts forward a new problem about the justice of competition in electronic commerce,analyzes the kinds of laws and regulations applying to unfair competition and probes into some typical behaviors of unfair competition in electronic cormmerce and their punishment by law.

  10. 电子商务专业改革探析%On the reform of electronic commerce major

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帅; 薄其波

    2016-01-01

    This paper on the basis of research in electronic commerce connotation ambiguity and misunderstanding of electronic commerce application professional jobs and talent training existing misunderstanding,intends to forward the electronic commerce professional core competence based.%本文在研究电子商务内涵歧义和认识误区的基础上,分析电子商务应用职业岗位和人才培养方面存在的误区,拟在提出电子商务专业核心竞争能力的基础上,进一步分析电子商务专业人才培养问题和专业发展思路.

  11. 论电子商务中的信息安全%Study on Information Safety in Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴恒; 高小红

    2001-01-01

    分析了影响电子商务信息安全的各种因素,探讨了保障电子商务信息安全的法律措施和技术措施,分析了数字签名技术中的公开密钥系统和讯息消化方法。%According to the characters of the information of electronic commerce,this paper analyzes the main factors relevent to the information safety of electronic commerce. And points out some legal and technical methods to ensure the authenticity of information in electronic commerce,especially the digital signature,such as PKI or Message Digest.

  12. Analysis on campus electronic commerce%校园电子商务的浅析与探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳春

    2014-01-01

    文章将以校园电子商务作为切入点,深入的研究了校园电子商务的一系列特点,分析了校园电子商务现阶段以及发展过程所出现的相关问题,并结合这些问题,有针对性的给出策略,从而全面促进校园电子商务的发展。%This paper will take the campus e-commerce as the breakthrough point, in-depth study of a series of features of campus electronic commerce, analyzes the problems of campus e-commerce at the present stage and the process of the development, along with these problems, the given strategy, so as to promote the comprehensive development of campus e-commerce.

  13. M&E-NetPay: A Micropayment System for Mobile and Electronic Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaodi Huang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available As an increasing number of people purchase goods and services online, micropayment systems are becoming particularly important for mobile and electronic commerce. We have designed and developed such a system called M&E-NetPay (Mobile and Electronic NetPay. With open interoperability and mobility, M&E-NetPay uses web services to connect brokers and vendors, providing secure, flexible and reliable credit services over the Internet. In particular, M&E-NetPay makes use of a secure, inexpensive and debit-based off-line protocol that allows vendors to interact only with customers, after validating coins. The design of the architecture and protocol of M&E-NetPay are presented, together with the implementation of its prototype in ringtone and wallpaper sites. To validate our system, we have conducted its evaluations on performance, usability and heuristics. Furthermore, we compare our system to the CORBA-based (Common Object Request Broker Architecture off-line micro-payment systems. The results have demonstrated that M&E-NetPay outperforms the .NET-based M&E-NetPay system in terms of performance and user satisfaction.

  14. An Application of Artificial Intelligence to the Implementation of Electronic Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, Anoop Kumar

    In this paper, we present an application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to the implementation of Electronic Commerce. We provide a multi autonomous agent based framework. Our agent based architecture leads to flexible design of a spectrum of multiagent system (MAS) by distributing computation and by providing a unified interface to data and programs. Autonomous agents are intelligent enough and provide autonomy, simplicity of communication, computation, and a well developed semantics. The steps of design and implementation are discussed in depth, structure of Electronic Marketplace, an ontology, the agent model, and interaction pattern between agents is given. We have developed mechanisms for coordination between agents using a language, which is called Virtual Enterprise Modeling Language (VEML). VEML is a integration of Java and Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language (KQML). VEML provides application programmers with potential to globally develop different kinds of MAS based on their requirements and applications. We have implemented a multi autonomous agent based system called VE System. We demonstrate efficacy of our system by discussing experimental results and its salient features.

  15. Application of electronic commerce platform%电子商务平台技术应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建军; 周强; 祝红光

    2016-01-01

    电子商务在国内快速发展,技术日趋成熟,众多行业广泛应用,然而,电子商务平台存在重复开发的现象,业务逻辑和商务平台技术结合的有效性和规范化是目前研究的重要课题。本文通过对电商平台建设采用的关键技术研究分析,针对旅游类的商务网站建设特点,提出架构、技术实现的有效模式。对将要进入电商行业的企业建设电商平台具有一定的借鉴意义。%Electronic commerce is developing rapidly in China, and its technology is becoming more and more mature. The electronic commerce platform is widely used in many industry ifelds. While the phenomenon of repeated exploitation existed in the platform. The efficiency and standardization of business logic and commerce platform technology are important research topics in the current research. This article analyzed the key technologies used in the construction of electronic business platform, according to the characteristics of the construction of tourism commerce website, proposed the effective model of framework and technology. For the enterprise of entering the electronic commerce and constructing electronic commerce platform, it has a certain reference signiifcance.

  16. Study on the Legislation for Electronic Commerce in China%我国电子商务的立法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武振业; 陈旭

    2001-01-01

    电子商务立法是推动电子商务发展的前提和条件。在评析国内外电子商务立法的基础上,讨论了我国电子商务立法的指导思想和原则,分析了我国电子商务的内容,并论述了我国电子商务立法应该注意的问题。%The legislation for electronic commerce is the precondition topull the development of electronic commerce. Based on evaluating the legislation for electronic commerce in home and abroad, the direction thinking and principle of the legislation for electronic commerce is discussed, and the content of electronic commerce in China is analyzed, and the problem that should be paid attention to in the legislation for electronic commerce is studied.

  17. 12 CFR 609.910 - Compliance with the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (Public Law 106-229...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Global and National Commerce Act (Public Law 106-229) (E-SIGN). 609.910 Section 609.910 Banks and Banking... with the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (Public Law 106-229) (E-SIGN). (a) General. E-SIGN makes it easier to conduct E-commerce. With some exceptions, E-SIGN permits the use and...

  18. Designing an Electronic Educational Game to Facilitate Immersion and Flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yuxin; Williams, Doug; Prejean, Louise

    2014-01-01

    Advocates of electronic educational games often cite the work on motivation to support the use of games in education. However, motivation alone is inadequate to facilitate learning. Many of the educational games that focused their game design solely on the motivational effect failed to be either educational or entertaining. Theory and research is…

  19. Designing an Electronic Educational Game to Facilitate Immersion and Flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yuxin; Williams, Doug; Prejean, Louise

    2014-01-01

    Advocates of electronic educational games often cite the work on motivation to support the use of games in education. However, motivation alone is inadequate to facilitate learning. Many of the educational games that focused their game design solely on the motivational effect failed to be either educational or entertaining. Theory and research is…

  20. Researches on the Intellectual Property Right of Electronic Commerce%电子商务的知识产权研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巢乃鹏

    2000-01-01

    As a revolutionary new situation of international trade,the rise of global Electronic Commerce makes a strong impact on the current intellectual property right system,and also poses some new problems.Whether we can successfully solve these problems shall directly influence the development of Electronic Commerce.This paper,from the angle of intellectual property right,inquires into some hot topics about intellectual property right involved with Electronic Commerce.

  1. Enabling Integrated Decision Making for Electronic-Commerce by Modelling an Enterprise's Sharable Knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Henry M.

    2000-01-01

    An enterprise model, a computational model of knowledge about an enterprise, is a useful tool for integrated decision-making by e-commerce suppliers and customers. Sharable knowledge, once represented in an enterprise model, can be integrated by the modeled enterprise's e-commerce partners. Presents background on enterprise modeling, followed by…

  2. Factors Affecting Business-to-Business Electronic Commerce Success: An Empirical Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chun-I Philip

    2010-01-01

    It is generally believed that Business to Business (B2B) e-commerce has a great impact on business performance improvement. Considerable research also shows that another dependent variable, B2B e-commerce success, can be a good overall measure of B2B systems. This paper investigated and examined the impact of several factors, which are either…

  3. Enabling Integrated Decision Making for Electronic-Commerce by Modelling an Enterprise's Sharable Knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Henry M.

    2000-01-01

    An enterprise model, a computational model of knowledge about an enterprise, is a useful tool for integrated decision-making by e-commerce suppliers and customers. Sharable knowledge, once represented in an enterprise model, can be integrated by the modeled enterprise's e-commerce partners. Presents background on enterprise modeling, followed by…

  4. Factors Affecting Business-to-Business Electronic Commerce Success: An Empirical Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Chun-I Philip

    2010-01-01

    It is generally believed that Business to Business (B2B) e-commerce has a great impact on business performance improvement. Considerable research also shows that another dependent variable, B2B e-commerce success, can be a good overall measure of B2B systems. This paper investigated and examined the impact of several factors, which are either…

  5. What Constitutes Adoption of the Web: A Methodological Problem in Assessing Adoption of the World Wide Web for Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Marilyn Domas; Abels, Eileen G.; Gordon-Murnane, Laura

    1998-01-01

    Reports on methodological developments in a project to assess the adoption of the Web by publishers of business information for electronic commerce. Describes the approach used on a sample of 20 business publishers to identify five clusters of publishers ranging from traditionalist to innovator. Distinguishes between adopters and nonadopters of…

  6. What Constitutes Adoption of the Web: A Methodological Problem in Assessing Adoption of the World Wide Web for Electronic Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Marilyn Domas; Abels, Eileen G.; Gordon-Murnane, Laura

    1998-01-01

    Reports on methodological developments in a project to assess the adoption of the Web by publishers of business information for electronic commerce. Describes the approach used on a sample of 20 business publishers to identify five clusters of publishers ranging from traditionalist to innovator. Distinguishes between adopters and nonadopters of…

  7. The Significance of Electronic Commerce to Firms' Operations in Relation to Business Location: an empirical investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uchenna Eze

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Globalization of production and increasing competition spurs greater business use of innovative information systems. As globalization extends its reach over cities and regions, the positions of those places within the emerging global paradigms of regional economies is changing. Only those regions and cities that can mobilize assets for local advantage would succeed. This research examines the implications of location for electronic commerce (EC role in firm operations through the lens of managerial perceptions of EC systems, EC activities, agglomeration economies, firm-specific features and outputs relative to industry. The input-based view and industrial development frameworks provide the theoretical underpinning for this research. Fully completed instruments from 106 firms in Singapore and Lagos financial services sector, respectively, are the basis of our analysis. Our findings reveal varying results between industries across the two cities, supporting our propositions. Firms with well-configured EC systems are more likely to experience efficiency in EC activities and outputs, given conducive operational conditions. However, firm-specific features were not linked to output, a finding inconsistent with prior studies. Finally, EC business models that focus on operational efficiency strongly complement the historically relevant location variable in industrial operations. These findings provide basis for recommendations to policymakers, practitioners, and researchers.

  8. Electronic Commerce and Market Focus: some findings from a study of Swedish small to medium enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lejla Vrazalic

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available In the past, organisations relied on traditional quantitative metrics, such as return on investment (ROI to make decisions when investing in technology. With the advent of electronic commerce (EC, these decisions are becoming less reliant on ROI measures. Instead different driving forces are taking precedence in the decision making process. This paper presents the findings of a study of 118 Swedish small to medium enterprises (SMEs that have adopted EC. The results of the study suggest that improvements to customer service, internal efficiency and organisational competitiveness have become equally important when making EC investment decisions. The study also examined whether major market focus (local, regional, national or international had an influence on the organisation’s decision to adopt EC. Findings indicate no associations between the market focus and the driving forces, however the existence of a fully developed plan for EC adoption and the size of the business were found to be highly associated with the development of new markets as an EC adoption criteria.

  9. Electronic Commerce Adoption in the Arab Countries – An Empirical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert J. Nathan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the factors that affect Electronic Commerce (EC adoption in the Arab countries. The five countries that are represented in this study include Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. The purpose of this study is analyzing the crucial factors affecting EC adoption among the Arab consumers. The study examines the effect of risk perception, trust and consumer knowledge on their EC adoption. It also highlights consumer’s knowledge mediation in affecting their perception of risk and trust towards EC adoption. Upon filtration, three hundred samples were selected for data analysis in this study. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses including statistical mediation technique were carried out to analyse the data. Results reveal knowledge as the most important factor that contributes to EC adoption and it mediates consumers’ perception of risk and trust in contributing to their EC adoption. The preliminary finding of this study was presented in the International Arab Conference of E-Technology held in Amman, Jordan from 14th to 16th October 2008. This paper presents the complete study and further data analysis with extended report and discussions.

  10. Planning and Designing Web- Based Electronic Commerce: a case study in the insurance industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolf Teubner

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Electronic Commerce (EC comprises new ways of doing business with customers, suppliers and other business partners. EC is enabled by information and communication technology, in particular the World Wide Web (in short, the Web. While numerous organisations have started to use the Web as an interface to clients and business partners, many have been disappointed by lower than expected response rates and higher than expected costs. One reason for non profitable Web based EC applications is that they do not reflect the strategic preconditions of EC. This lack may be due to deficits in the process of developing an EC-strategy for their Web application. Furthermore, there is a void of instruments and tools to support this process. In order to fill this void, this paper proposes two basic frameworks for planning a Web based EC application. The application of these frameworks is illustrated by the example of a medium seized insurance company. Based on experiences drawn from the case study, the proposed frameworks will be evaluated.

  11. Key-Insulated Undetachable Digital Signature Scheme and Solution for Secure Mobile Agents in Electronic Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Shi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Considering the security of both the customers’ hosts and the eShops’ servers, we introduce the idea of a key-insulated undetachable digital signature, enabling mobile agents to generate undetachable digital signatures on remote hosts with the key-insulated property of the original signer’s signing key. From the theoretical perspective, we provide the formal definition and security notion of a key-insulated undetachable digital signature. From the practical perspective, we propose a concrete scheme to secure mobile agents in electronic commerce. The scheme is mainly focused on protecting the signing key from leakage and preventing the misuse of the signature algorithm on malicious servers. Agents do not carry the signing key when they generate digital signatures on behalf of the original signer, so the key is protected on remote servers. Furthermore, if a hacker gains the signing key of the original signer, the hacker is still unable to forge a signature for any time period other than the key being accessed. In addition, the encrypted function is combined with the original signer’s requirement to prevent the misuse of signing algorithm. The scheme is constructed on gap Diffie–Hellman groups with provable security, and the performance testing indicates that the scheme is efficient.

  12. THE ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN THE TRAVEL AGENCIES’ ACTIVITIES IN BULGARIA AND TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR ITS ELABORATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velina Kazandzhieva

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The data used in the paper and the sources of information studied, show regaining of the positions and the role of travel agencies in the distribution system of tourism. The main trends and special features of the European on-line tourist market have been analyzed, as well as the state of the electronic commerce in travel agencies in Bulgaria. Alternatives and values-generating strategies for the intermediary business through efficient use of the advantages of е-commerce have been pointed out.

  13. Feasibility Study and Implementation of Electronic Commerce at Export Businesses of Mehran Border by Multi Criterion Decision Making Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Mousanejad

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study feasibility study and implementation of electronic commerce at export businesses at Mehran border by the end of implementing one of the electronic commerce and immigration from traditional to electronic manner was done.To achieve this end some questionnaires were distributed and collected among export business possessors at Mehranborder .according to obtained information of these questionnaires three main index of each criterion were identified and were investigated by elites group in order to use them in multi criterion decision making method .In this study to implement multi criterion decision making method two methods of AHP and Topsis were used ,first these two were simulated at MATLAB programming environment ,then decision making process will be done .After feasibility study and implementing electronic commerce at Mehran border , finally the business to business method was selected as the best model for implementation that a program by the title of ʺ Mehran border export terminal " based on android system by the capability of online updating and orders’ recording were written experimentally for four export businesses and finally by assessment forms and distribution among research stakeholders was investigated that obtained results imply the positive outcome of the process.

  14. ON ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AND THIRD PARTY LOGISTICS%电子商务与第三方物流

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    平海; 李兆卉

    2001-01-01

    The quickly developed electronic commerce is changing or(will change) pepl e's daily life a nd their working style(In the end, it will be all the people).The Enterprise h as put forward the third party logistics that suits our national condition by analyzing the development situation of the logistics enterprise under the interior and external electronic commerce.%迅猛发展的电子商务正在或将要改 变许多人(最终是所有人)的日常生活和工作模 式。笔者通过分析电子商务下物流业的发展现状,提出适合我国国情的第三方物流模式。

  15. Analysis of electronic commerce in Portugal: business practice or commercial fiction?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Filipe Cerqueira Quaresma

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the performance of midsize and large Portuguese enterprises on the internet. Special attention is given to the e-commerce oriented to the end-user. An assessment tool was specially developed for this evaluation. This assessment tool is based on legal regulations, codes of conduct and/or seals of quality, as well as a variety of other information sources related with the Internet, web sites and e-commerce. The company’s web sites, were selected for this assessment through a random sampling technique, and were evaluated on 119 items.

  16. Study on the Construction of Electronic Commerce Website%电子商务网站的建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐昊君

    2014-01-01

    With the development of economy and society, we have entered an economic and the rapid development of science and technology era, now the network technology popularization and development, and gradually infiltrated into our daily life. Electronic commerce as a new form of global economic conditions, gradually become our individual and group consumption in-dispensable consumption channels, e-commerce on the development of enterprises play an irreplaceable role in the information economy era. Management system and the structure of the enterprise electronic commerce website construction is imminent. However, the electronic commerce website construction and how to efficiently, how efficient the commerce website operation is the key problem we face, let us work together to discuss how to construct the electronic commerce website.%随着社会经济的发展,我们已逐步进入一个经济和科技飞速发展的时代,如今网络技术得到不断的普及和发展,逐步渗入到我们日常生活当中。电子商务作为全球经济条件下的一种新形态,逐步成为我们个人及团体消费的不可或缺的消费渠道,电子商务在这个信息经济的时代对企业的发展具有不可替代的作用。因此对于企业来说构建电子商务网站的管理体系和结构已是迫在眉睫的。然而,如何高效的建设电子商务网站,如何高效的对商务网站进行运转是我们所面临的关键问题,下面让我们共同来探讨一下如何建设电子商务网站。

  17. The Impact of Electronic Commerce on the Development of Nowadays Society: an Economic and a Managerial Perspective – A Case Study on Romania’s Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Raluca Popescu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper entitled “The Impact of Electronic Commerce on the Development of Nowadays Society: an Economic and a Managerial Perspective – A Case Study on Romania’s Experience” presents the electronic commerce with its definitions, historical evolution and importance, it’s the main forms, the advantages and disadvantages of e-commerce, the electronic commerce versus traditional commerce as well as the electronic commerce in Romania. In this research we have emphasised the role and the importance of the e-commerce in comparison with the traditional commerce, stressing the fact that it has many advantages that underpin the on-going development and success of this trade: time; the availability of virtual stores: program almost non-stop, every day of the year; the possibility of free decision; the possibility of purchasing products even outside the borders of the country the buyer; communication, particularly internationally, low cost, the relations with suppliers and customers and its importance for small businesses using e-commerce which can compete with large companies

  18. Towards a Methodology for Formal Design and Analysis of Agent Interaction Protocols --An Investigation in Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Various extensions of UML have been developed to meet thechallenges of designin g modern software systems, such as agent-based electronic commerce applications . Recent advances in model checking technology have led it to be introduced into the development of approaches and tools to check the correctness of electronic c ommerce protocols. This paper focuses on the research of a method that connects an extension of AUML to model checker-SPIN/Promela for the specification and v e rification of agent interaction protocols (AIP) in electronic commerce. The meth od presented here allows us to combine the benefits of visual specification with the power of some static analysis and model checking. Some algorithms and rules are developed to permit all visual modeling constructs translated mechanically into some Promela models of AIP, as supported by the model checker -SPIN. Moreo v er, a process is illustrated to guide the specification and verification of AIP. The method is demonstrated thoroughly using the e-commerce protocol -NetBill as an example.

  19. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN WEB 3.0: THE EVIDENCE FROM EMERGING ECONOMICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doug Vogel

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Web 3.0 or so called “Internet 3.0” is a popular 3D internet application. The emerging economics burgeoning Internet population will soon have an array of Web 3.0 in which to work and play. Althoughsome strategies of web 3.0 platforms have been proven to be successful for attracting user acceptance in the developed countries, the effects of these strategies are questionable in the market of emerging economics. In this study, we investigate the Web 3.0 market and e-commerce strategies in one of biggest emerging economics in the world. Based on the uses and gratifications theory, this study compares the different strategies of these local companies, and tries to explain which difference of e-commerce strategies between these competitors, and how can these Web 3.0 competitors survive in the environmentof emerging economics. Limitations and Implications are discussed in the end.

  20. Incidental memory and navigation in panoramic virtual reality for electronic commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howes, A; Miles, G E; Payne, S J; Mitchell, C D; Davies, A J

    2001-01-01

    Recently much effort has been dedicated to designing and implementing World Wide Web sites for virtual shopping and e-commerce. Despite this effort, relatively little empirical work has been done to determine the effectiveness with which different site designs sell products. We report three experiments in which participants were asked to search for products in various experimental e-commerce sites. Across the experiments participants were asked to search in either QTVR (QuickTime Virtual Reality), hypertext, or pictorially rich hypertext environments; they were then tested for their ability to recall the products seen and to recognize product locations. The experiments demonstrated that when using QTVR (Experiments 1, 2, and 3) or pictorial environments (Experiment 2), participants retained more information about products that were incidental to their goals. In two of the experiments it was shown that participants navigated more efficiently when using a QTVR environment. The costs and benefits of using 3D virtual environments for on-line shops are discussed. Actual or potential applications of this research include support for the development of e-commerce design guidelines.

  1. Diffusion of Innovation - The Adoption of Electronic Commerce by Small and Medium Enterprises (SMES- A Comparative Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wayne Pease

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the issues that influence the diffusion of innovation as it relates to the adoption of e-commerce by Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs. It seeks to identify factors facilitating and inhibiting such adoption across contexts – regional, small city and large city. This analysis is cross cultural so the impact of differing economic and cultural issues also will be identified in this research. Whilst it is generally accepted that the strategic use of information technology (IT is vital in the marketplace, the rate of such uptake between small and large businesses varies. This research seeks to identify the reasons for this variation. It is critical to understand such factors so that steps can be taken to redress inequity of uptake that might be identified. The paper endeavours to explore factors that are needed to facilitate and encourage IT adoption and so positively influence user acceptance and use of IT innovations in SMEs. Reasons for such uptake as well as strategic approach to the adoption of e-commerce, and variations regarding same also will be considered. The paper examines existing theory as it pertains to the diffusion of innovation acknowledging the perspective of regional and urban SMEs in various cultural contexts. Empirical investigation exploring this diffusion, the rate of and approach to the uptake by SMEs is planned using a case study methodology

  2. 电子商务中的安全数字签名技术%Technologies for Securig Digital Signature in Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘东苏; 周津慧

    2002-01-01

    The security requirement in electronic commerce and the way to realize digital signature are introduced. A scheme of securing digital signature is discussed. Finally, the article analyzes the security problem of this scheme.

  3. 企业电子商务与网络营销%Electronic Commerce and Internet Marketing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋丽萍

    2001-01-01

    With the globaliation of economy & the fast development of computer & communication technology,more and more enterprises are aware of the strategic significance of using internet electronic commerce to technologically reform the traditional management and sales mode.The rise and development of electronic commerce has led to great changes in the trade activity & marketing management mode of enterprises,however,it can not change the basic marketing concept,marketing relationships & the fundamental marketing contents of enterprises.Moreover,it will not replace marketing personels to realize automatic management.Only when enterprises strengthen the research &application of the management method of marketing ,and when the electronic commerce bring concrete benefit to the enterprises,will this new technology be developed in a healthy way.%随着经济全球化和计算机信息技术的快速发展,越来越多的企业开始意识到利用互联网电子商务技术改造传统销售模式对企业发展的战略意义。电子商务的兴起和发展虽然引起企业贸易活动和营销管理方式的重大变化,但它并不能改变基本的营销理念、营销关系和企业营销活动的基本内容,更不会取代营销者实现自动管理。企业只有加强网络条件下营销管理,才能使电子商务真正为企业带来实实在在的利益,才能使这一新兴技术得以发展。

  4. Trust and Social Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Y. Lee

    2016-01-01

    The Article focuses on the rise of “social commerce,” a socio-economic phenomenon centered on the use of social media and other modes of social connection in electronic commerce. It identifies three mechanisms that are central to the development of trust in social commerce: communication and voluntary disclosure; barriers to entry; and community policing. These mechanisms simulate the characteristics of closely-knit environments, creating conditions conducive to trust. The Article describes these mechanisms in four new commercial settings: the sharing economy; next generation electronic commerce; online escort services; and online black markets in credit cards and controlled substances.

  5. Legal Analysis on Electronic Commerce Market Trading Rules%电子商务市场交易规则的法理分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吐火加; 乌拉尔·沙尔赛开

    2015-01-01

    电子商务市场在我国发展过程中出现的频繁网络交易诈骗等问题,严重影响了电子商务市场交易规则程序和诚信力。考察我国目前电子商务市场的运行机制,必须健全相关法律体系,以促进电子商务市场交易秩序不断规范、保障交易手段安全,让电子商务经济市场健康持续发展,确保电子商务市场参与者、政府监管者之关系正常化。%Fraud is a common problem in electronic commerce market in China,which has se-riously affected the e-commerce market trading rules and integrity.This paper examines the oper-ating mechanism of e-commerce market and the situation of the market in China,and advocates building relevant legal system to promote the regulation of the electronic commerce market and the security of transactions.With proper regulation in place in the electronic commerce market, continuous development of the electronic commerce and healthy relationship among e-commerce market participants and government regulators can be normalized.

  6. 计算机信息系统在企业电子商务中的应用%Application of Computer Information System in Electronic Commerce Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宇

    2015-01-01

    This paper summarizes the theory of enterprise e-commerce, and discusses the application of computer information system in the enterprise electronic commerce and the risk prevention of enterprise electronic commerce.%文章对企业电子商务理论进行了概述,探讨了计算机信息系统在企业电子商务中的应用和计算机系统的企业电子商务风险防范。

  7. Research on the application of PKI in enterprise electronic commerce%PKI在企业电子商务中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁士杰; 谢军; 木薇

    2016-01-01

    The common security threats faced by electronic commerce enterprises are analyzed,and the electronic commerce security solution based on public key infrastructure PKI is proposed,which can effectively ensure the security of e-commerce activities.%分析了电子商务企业面临的常见安全威胁,提出了基于公钥基础设施PKI的电子商务安全解决方案,能有效保证电子商务活动的安全。

  8. 电子商务存在的问题及对策研究%Study on the problems and countermeasures existing in the electronic commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶勇海

    2013-01-01

    Electronic commerce is a hot issue in the field of China's economy in recent years, but the current e-commerce development in China, there are still inadequate infrastructure, electronic payment security can not be assured, has seriously affected the healthy development of e-commerce. In this paper, by analyzing the situation of the development of electronic commerce in our country at present, to point out the existing constraints of electronic commerce in China, looking for the development of electronic commerce in line with China's national conditions.%电子商务是近年来我国经济领域中的一个热点问题,但当前在我国电子商务发展中尚存在基础设施不足、电子支付安全性无法得以保障等问题,已严重影响了电子商务的健康发展。本文通过对当前我国电子商务发展现状的分析,指出我国电子商务存在的制约因素,寻找符合我国国情的电子商务发展的过程。

  9. 我国电子商务税收制度初探%Study on the Tax System of Electronic Commerce in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李九领; 张磊

    2011-01-01

    It is necessary for a mature tax system of electronic commerce to ensure the development of electronic commerce continuously, healthy and rapidly. The nature of virtual, stealthily and ambiguity of the electronic commerce addressed a serious challenge to traditional tax mode. According to the experience on tax system of electronic commerce from US, Japan, EU, OECE and some developing countries, China needs to establish a sound e -commerce taxation law, consider the fair and efficiency of e - commerce taxation fully, effort to strengthen tax incentives, reinforce the international exchange of tax information and emphasize the cultivation of professionals on electronic commerce taxation to improve the tax collection level of e - commerce.%完善的电子商务税收制度是确保电子商务贸易持续健康快速发展的必要条件。电子商务交易具有虚拟性、隐匿性及模糊性,对传统税收征管方式提出了严峻的挑战。根据美国、日本、欧盟、OECD组织及部分发展中国家在电子商务税收制度方面的经验借鉴。我国需建立健全电子商务税收法律,充分考虑税收公平与效率,强化税收优惠力度,加强国际间的税收信息交流,注重电子商务税务人才的培养。不断提高电子商务税收征管水平。

  10. E-COMMERCE

    OpenAIRE

    Mihai Moraru

    2008-01-01

    E-commerce (Electronic Commerce or EC) is the buying and selling of goods and services on the Internet, especially the World Wide Web. In practice, this term and a newer term, e-business is often used interchangeably. For online retail selling, the term e-tailing sometimes used.

  11. E-COMMERCE

    OpenAIRE

    Mihai MORARU

    2009-01-01

    E-commerce (Electronic Commerce or EC) is the buying and selling of goods and services on the Internet, especially the World Wide Web. In practice, this term and a newer term, e-business is often used interchangeably. For online retail selling, the term e-tailing sometimes used.

  12. 电子商务环境下会计系统的设计与实现%The electronic commerce environment accounting system design and implementation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丹

    2016-01-01

    under the environment of e-commerce development, enterprises need to adapt themselves to the accounting system, the electronic commerce development, electronic books and electronic financial statements, etc, for the development of the enterprise accounting system, a greater role, this paper to electronic commerce environment accounting system design and implementation for research purposes, through the concept of e-commerce, accounting system is analyzed, and it is concluded that the demand of the electronic commerce environment accounting system, and realize the design of the electronic commerce environment accounting system, accounting system is better to help the development of electronic commerce.%在电子商务发展的环境下,企业的会计系统需要与之相适应,电子商务发展下,电子账簿、电子财务报表等产生,对企业会计系统的发展,有较大的推动作用,为此本文以电子商务环境下会计系统的设计与实现为研究目的,通过对电子商务、会计系统相关的概念进行分析,进而得出电子商务环境下会计系统的需求,并实现电子商务环境下会计系统的设计,使得会计系统更好的为电子商务的发展提供帮助。

  13. The Self-Regulation of Electronic Commerce: An Appraisal in Accordance to the Chilean Law of Unfair Competition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David López Jiménez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – Electronic commerce or e-commerce constitutes a commercial activity on the rise. Although it has many advantages, there are several lingering factors that prevent its consolidation, such as the lack of trust of the potential consumer/user. In order to overcome that obstacle, instruments of self-regulation were created in the field of advertising. Firms that wish to distinguish themselves favorably against their competitors have the option of adopting those instruments, which play a praiseworthy role regarding the target audience and constitutes a considerable improvement of consumer rights. However, on occasions, problems arise in the market when those systems of self-regulation bind third parties that did not voluntarily enter into a contract. This paper tackles the question of if self-regulation of advertising in the net can be put in place should it affects the honor of the third party not committed with the fair-practices document. Methodology/approach/design – In this article, we will refer to the particularities that arise from a case concerning the Chilean Law no. 20,168, of 2007, on unfair competition and self-regulation of advertising in the Internet pertaining WOM, Movistar, Entel, Claro and Virgin. Findings – The Chilean Law no. 20,168, of 2007 contributes to the goal of discouraging conduct contrary to good faith or good practices in advertising in conjunction with codes of conduct that have been approved in the field related to the systems of self-regulation.

  14. The Self-Regulation of Electronic Commerce: An Appraisal in Accordance to the Chilean Law of Unfair Competition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David López Jiménez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – Electronic commerce or e-commerce constitutes a commercial activity on the rise. Although it has many advantages, there are several lingering factors that prevent its consolidation, such as the lack of trust of the potential consumer/user. In order to overcome that obstacle, instruments of self-regulation were created in the field of advertising. Firms that wish to distinguish themselves favorably against their competitors have the option of adopting those instruments, which play a praiseworthy role regarding the target audience and constitutes a considerable improvement of consumer rights. However, on occasions, problems arise in the market when those systems of self-regulation bind third parties that did not voluntarily enter into a contract. This paper tackles the question of if self-regulation of advertising in the net can be put in place should it affects the honor of the third party not committed with the fair-practices document. Methodology/approach/design – In this article, we will refer to the particularities that arise from a case concerning the Chilean Law no. 20,168, of 2007, on unfair competition and self-regulation of advertising in the Internet pertaining WOM, Movistar, Entel, Claro and Virgin. Findings – The Chilean Law no. 20,168, of 2007 contributes to the goal of discouraging conduct contrary to good faith or good practices in advertising in conjunction with codes of conduct that have been approved in the field related to the systems of self-regulation.

  15. M-Commerce Exploitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulhøi, John Parm; Jørgensen, Frances

    2008-01-01

    SMEs venturing into business ventures utilizing mobile devices via wireless communication for commercial purposes, or Mobile commerce (M-commerce), need to be adept at both exploiting cutting edge technology and managing intense collaboration between a host of network participants. Successful entry...... into this emerging market may well depend on development of new business models that emphasize the socio-technical intricacies of these networks. The objective of this paper is to examine the development of these networks as a central part of new M-commerce business models in SME's and report on initial findings...... from the preliminary phase of the project that is aimed at exploring, describing, and facilitating the development of new business models for M-commerce in SME's in Denmark. Data have been collected through in-depth interviews. The paper contributes to theory relative to M-commerce business models...

  16. 基于GIS的旅游电子商务创新模式初探%An Analysis of Innovation Pattern of Tourism Electronic Commerce Based on GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖珍杰; 张丽娟

    2014-01-01

    With respect to other sectors of electronic commerce,the combination of tourism and elec-tronic commerce has some inherent advantages. However,the special nature of tourism service industry also makes tourism electronic commerce appear complex, to some extent, restricts the innovation model of tourism electronic commerce. This paper analyzes the nature and characteristics of tourism electronic com-merce development,and points out some of these features make the tourism development of electronic com-merce have inherent advantages,but some have restricted the innovation of tourism electronic commerce model. On the basis of analysis of the concept of the "business model”,this paper summarizes and identifies the shortcomings of the existing tourism electronic commerce model;and finally use the GIS technology to propose innovative model of a tourism electronic commerce.%相对于其他行业的电子商务,旅游与电子商务的结合具有一些先天优势,然而旅游服务行业的特殊性,也使得旅游电子商务呈现出一定的复杂性,一定程度上制约了旅游电子商务创新模式的应用。本文首先分析了旅游业发展电子商务的本质特点,这些特点中,一些使得旅游业发展电子商务具有先天优势,但一些也成为制约旅游电子商务模式创新的原因所在;接着笔者对“商业模式”的概念进行剖析的基础上,对我国现有的旅游电子商务模式总结并指出不足;接下来利用GIS技术,提出一种旅游电子商务的创新模式。

  17. A Game Analysis of Electronic Commerce Discredit%电子商务信用缺失的博弈分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王康

    2012-01-01

    从信息不对称的角度建立电子商务信用行为的博弈模型,分析了目前我国电子商务信用缺失的原因,并提出了现时期改善我国电子商务信用问题的一些途径.电子商务信用缺失的主要原因有两点:一是没有形成完善的信用奖惩机制;二是在我国信息传递的难度相当大,电子商务获取信用信息的成本高昂.解决我国电子商务信用问题,首先应当加快我国信用市场体系的建设,建立电子商务信用的相关法律和地方法规;进一步完善现代电子商务制度,建立电子商务信用管理机制;建立信用信息系统,完善市场交易的信息沟通网络.%A game model of electronic commerce credit is built from the view of information asymmetry, and the reason of our country electronic commerce discredit is analyzed, and some ways to improve China's electronic commerce credit problems in the present period are proposed. There are two main reasons in electronic commerce discredit: one is there is not a perfect credit punishment mechanism; the other is information transfer is quite difficult in our country, electronic commerce credit information cost a lot To solve our country electronic commerce credit problems, the construction of market system of our country credit should be accelerated, the laws and local regulations of electronic commerce credit shonld be established; the modern electronic commerce system should be improved, the management mechanism of electronic commerce credit should be established; the credit information system, the information communication network of market transaction should be improved.

  18. An Electronic Service Quality Reference Model for Designing E-Commerce Websites Which Maximizes Customer Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaheen, Amer N.

    2011-01-01

    This research investigated Electronic Service Quality (E-SQ) features that contribute to customer satisfaction in an online environment. The aim was to develop an approach which improves E-CRM processes and enhances online customer satisfaction. The research design adopted mixed methods involving qualitative and quantitative methods to…

  19. An Electronic Service Quality Reference Model for Designing E-Commerce Websites Which Maximizes Customer Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaheen, Amer N.

    2011-01-01

    This research investigated Electronic Service Quality (E-SQ) features that contribute to customer satisfaction in an online environment. The aim was to develop an approach which improves E-CRM processes and enhances online customer satisfaction. The research design adopted mixed methods involving qualitative and quantitative methods to…

  20. 中国电子商务诚信问题分析及对策研究%Analysis and Countermeasure Research on Chinese Electronic Commerce Credibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏; 任寰; 邹阳

    2012-01-01

    On May 4th 2012, the MITT published The Intemet Industry's 12th Five Year Plan, which proposed e - commerce transactions to reach 18 trillion yuan in 2015 and actively promote the construction of third - party e - commerce platform, and the size of mobile e - commerce application. E-commerce will usher in a period of ac- celerated development of opportunities in China. In the case of the rapid development of electronic commerce in China, a lot of honesty problems restrict the development of e - commerce in China. This article can recommend appropriate solutions by analyzing the main features of e - commerce businesses and consumers, manifestations of e - commerce credit, and analysis for the integrity of the source of the problems of electronic commerce.%2012年5月4日发布的《互联网行业"十二五"发展规划》提出,2015年电子商务交易额达到18万亿元,并要求积极推进第三方电子商务平台建设和移动电子商务的规模应用。我国电子商务将迎来加速发展的重要时期。在现今我国电子商务如此高速发展的情况下,却有着诸多诚信问题制约着我国电子商务的发展。本文通过分析电子商务企业与消费者的主要特征以及电子商务诚信问题的表现形式,对电子商务诚信问题根源性进行分析,并提出相应解决办法。

  1. Mobile Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Enache

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Mobile commerce, or m-commerce, refers to the use of wireless digital devices to enable transactions on the Web. Described more fully in Chapter 3, m-commerce involves the use of wireless networks to connect cell phones, handheld devices such Blackberries, and personal computers to the Web. Once connected, mobile consumers can conduct transactions, including stock trades, in-store price comparisons, banking, travel reservations, and more.

  2. E-commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Švejcar, Zbyněk

    2012-01-01

    This thesis deals with the e-commerce from the legal point of view. The development of the e-commerce is described as well the basic terms which are with this area connected. Next goal of this thesis is to explain electronic purchase. What conditions the electronic contract consists of and the rights of the consumers in case of complaint to cancel this contract.

  3. Online Canton Fairs Ready for Convenient Trade--An Interview with Ding Qiang, General Manager of MOFCOM China International Electronic Commerce Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yinghong; Sun Yongjian

    2006-01-01

    @@ In 2006, the Canton Fairs will greet the 99th and 100th respectively in spring and fall. To meet the need of the development of the convenient trade, the Canton Fairs website, the platform of the online Canton Fairs run by MOFCOM China International Electronic Commerce Center is ready to take several effective measures to offer more convenient services. On March 24, China's Foreign Trade took the occasion to interview with Mr. Ding Qiang, General Manager of MOFCOM China International Electronic Commerce Center.

  4. A Grammatical Evolution Approach for Content Extraction of Electronic Commerce Website

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Qing-jin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Web content extraction, a problem of identifying and extracting interesting information from Web pages, plays an important role in integrating data from different sources for advanced information-based services. In this paper, an approach and techniques of extracting electronic commercial information from the Web pages without any given template is investigated in a way of Grammatical Evolution (GE method. Although a lot of research used the Xpath technique to extract the content of Web pages, but due to the complexity of the Xpath grammar, it is too difficult to perform the processing automatically for evolutional tools. Hence, a reduced language integrating Xpath and DOM techniques is given to generate the solution of parse in a BNF grammar form, which is used in the GE. Moreover, a fitness function evaluation method is also proposed on the fuzzy membership of the two parts in the chromosome. Finally, empirical results on several real Web pages show that the new proposed technique can segment data records and extract data from them accurately, automatically and flexibly.

  5. Electronic commerce, automation and online banking in Nigeria: challenges and benefits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Sc., M. Sc. Stephen A. Ojeka

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Electronic banking has been around for some time in the form of automatic teller machines and telephone transactions. More recently, it has been metamorphosed by the Internet; a new look and delivery channel for banking services that benefits both customers and banks. The objective of this paper is to find out the correlation between the anticipated benefits/challenges and encountered benefits/challenges. This paper therefore empirically, adopted the use of survey research to explore in quantitative terms the various challenges and benefits e-business poses to Nigeria businesses, with particular reference to Banking and Finance Industry. It was found out that there is statistically significant difference between the anticipated and encountered benefits and major challenge is the security breach faced the customers. We therefore recommend that workshops should be organized for customers periodically on how to keep their data secret especially on how to combine numbers to form password and Constant training of employees both local and international on new development in online trading should be encouraged.

  6. 电子商务网络安全性策略研究与设计%Research and Design of Electronic Commerce Network Security Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白有林

    2014-01-01

    分析了电子商务网络安全现状后,提出了电子商务网络的安全需求,充分阐述了当下几种网络安全策略及方法,提出一种线下与线上有机结合的网络认证策略,即结合生物设别和密码加密技术,为电子商务网络安全提供一种全新的安全策略。%This paper,a comprehensive analysis of the electronic commerce network security,proposes the require-ments for network security of electronic commerce,fully expounds several network security strategies and methods at present,in the face of the electronic commerce network security problem,this paper presents a line network authentica-tion strategy which combines biological equipment and pass word encryption technology and provides a new security strategy for e-commerce network security.

  7. Extracellular Enzymes Facilitate Electron Uptake in Biocorrosion and Bioelectrosynthesis

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Direct, mediator-free transfer of electrons between a microbial cell and a solid phase in its surrounding environment has been suggested to be a widespread and ecologically significant process. The high rates of microbial electron uptake observed during microbially influenced corrosion of iron [Fe(0)] and during microbial electrosynthesis have been considered support for a direct electron uptake in these microbial processes. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of direct elec...

  8. The Application of Dynamic Capabilities in E-commerce Innovation Context : The Implications for Chinese E-commerce companies

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, YongJia; LIANG, WEIMIN

    2007-01-01

    This study mainly investigated how Chinese E-commerce companies should cope with E-commerce innovation with specific dynamic capabilities. E-commerce (Electronic Commerce) innovation includes three phases of innovation based on technology and time. They are web-based commerce, mobile commerce (M-commerce) and ubiquitous commerce (U-commerce). They caused not only technological changes but also organizational changes. To cope with E-commerce innovation, a prerequisite is to understand the impa...

  9. The Application of Dynamic Capabilities in E-commerce Innovation Context : The Implications for Chinese E-commerce companies

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, YongJia; Liang,Weimin

    2007-01-01

    This study mainly investigated how Chinese E-commerce companies should cope with E-commerce innovation with specific dynamic capabilities. E-commerce (Electronic Commerce) innovation includes three phases of innovation based on technology and time. They are web-based commerce, mobile commerce (M-commerce) and ubiquitous commerce (U-commerce). They caused not only technological changes but also organizational changes. To cope with E-commerce innovation, a prerequisite is to understand the impa...

  10. Sports marketing strategy based on the pattern of electronic commerce%基于电子商务模式的体育用品营销策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张武生

    2015-01-01

    Updating of science and technology,electronic commerce mode is continuously strengthen and integrated into the network more convenient and fast online shopping patterns.Based on the electronic commerce development path to carry out the marketing strategy in the B2C e-commerce marketing model of sport is analyzed.%科学技术的日益更新,电子商务模式不断加强并融入网络建立更加方便、快捷的网络购物模式.本文基于电子商务发展路径下开展对体育用品B2C电子商务营销模式的营销策略进行分析.

  11. Legal issues in E-commerce and E-contract in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uarda Roshi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Electronic commerce has become a key aspect for many businesses all around the world. This new form of commerce has reshaped the ways of trading, revolutionizing the way of doing business and has brought competitive advantages for both consumer and business. Over the last few years Albania is witnessing a digital revolution too, however although internet access has grown significantly only a few enterprises and a small number of companies have engaged in e-commerce activities. The development of e-commerce is an important element of national economy. Being a new important sector, e-commerce can only flourish where there is a good infrastructure, both legal and technological, which is attractive to consumers and business. So the need for rules and principles facilitating e-commerce has become increasingly evident, too. This paper attempts to provide an overview of the regulatory framework, legal issues and the challenges in the development of electronic commerce in Albania.

  12. The Application of Cloud Computing in Electronic Commerce%云计算在电子商务中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米仁沙·艾尼

    2015-01-01

    云计算技术的出现在改变传统商业模式的同时,也使电子商务得到新的发展机遇.目前云计算在电子商务中的应用还仅限于基础平台方面,而云计算在电子商务中的数据管理模式方面的研究还比较少;该文以此为基础,提出一种基于云计算的电子商务解决方案.%The emergence of cloud computing technology has changed the traditional business model, meanwhile it also made the electronic commerce get new development opportunities. At present, cloud computing is limited to the basic platform when applied in the electronic commerce, and research on data management model of cloud computing in the electronic commerce is still rela?tively small. Based on this, this paper presents a new method of electronic commerce solution based on cloud computing.

  13. Training Facilitators for Face-to-Face Electronic Meetings: An Experiential Learning Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pak Yoong

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available The need for effective facilitation in Group Support Systems (GSS environments is well documented. Results from recent studies of facilitation in face-to-face electronic meetings have demonstrated that more and different research is required before we have a clearer picture of GSS facilitation. The training of GSS facilitators has been acknowledged as an important issue in GSS research but, up to now, has received little research attention. This paper describes an experiential learning approach to the training of facilitators for face-to-face electronic meetings. It begins with a description of the nature of GSS facilitation training. The experiential learning method of training is then explained. Finally, the GSS facilitation training program is described.

  14. Electronic commerce for development

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Lagging information technology infrastructure can handicap emerging countries subjecting them to de facto trade discrimination in the world marketplace - but closing the gap will not be easy. In this collection of essays, renowned authors from various disciplines have drawn on supply chain analysis and industry studies to elucidate how NICT - new information and communications technologies - like mobile telephony and the Internet have been affecting low-income communities and small entreprene...

  15. 浅谈计算机在电子商务中的应用%Talking about the application of computer in electronic commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐照霄; 陈婷

    2016-01-01

    计算机技术产业的发展带动全球化商务时代的发展,计算机利用网络用户的平台,对数据信息进行快速发展和提高,将信息产业、电子技术、全球用户联系到仪器,实现电子网络化商务平台的构建.这种网络化上的商业平台可以大大的提高商务价值,实现全球化的购买.各级政府认识到电子商务的重要性,针对电子支付方式进行开发和研究,制定合理的法律法规管理制度,逐步完善电子商务的管理水平,提高计算机在电子商务的应用价值.本文将针对计算机电子商务的应用标准内容进行分析,研究电子商务发展与计算机之间的关系,利用计算机、因特网实现全球化的电子商务发展.%The development of the computer technology industry to drive the development of the era of globalization,business,computer uses user network platform,rapid development and improvement of the information and data,the information industry,electronic technology,global user connections to the instrument,electronic network business platform construction.This network on the business platform can greatly enhance the value of business,to achieve the purchase of globalization.At all levels of government recognize the importance of electronic commerce,for electronic payment methods to carry out research and development and,formulate reasonable laws and regulations management system,and gradually improve the management level of electronic commerce,improve computer application in electronic commerce.This article will be aimed at the application standard of the computer electronic commerce to carry on the analysis, research the relationship between the development of the electronic commerce and the computer,using the computer, the Internet to realize the electronic commerce development of globalization.

  16. Nanoparticle Facilitated Extracellular Electron Transfer in Microbial Fuel Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-13

    tances.19 Nanoscale materials and devices, such as metal /semi- conductor nanoparticles, nanowires, and carbon nanotubes, have been widely exploited...redox centers. In addition, dissimilatory intermembrane and intramembrane reduction of metals into nanoparticles has been well-documented29,30...different length scales. Biomineralized iron sulfide was employed for the current studies because of the importance of sulfur-mediated electron

  17. Research on Electronic Commerce Teaching Model%电子商务教学模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋霞; 刘林; 黄芳

    2016-01-01

    电子商务的迅速发展,使国内对电子商务专业人才的需求呈直线上升趋势,这给电子商务专业带来了前所未有的发展机遇,但目前很多高校培养的电子商务毕业生就业情况不容乐观。文章通过分析电子商务教学存在的问题,对电子商务教学模式进行了研究,探索有效的教学方法和途径,以培养企业真正需要的电子商务人才。%The rapid development of e-commerce, the domestic demand for e-commerce professional talents in a straight line rise, giving professional e-commerce has brought unprecedented opportunities for development, but at many colleges and universities develop e-commerce graduate employment situation is not optimistic. By analyzing the problems of teaching of e-commerce, e-commerce teaching model has been studied to explore effective teaching methods and means to cultivate really need e-commerce professionals.

  18. INTERNET COMMERCE IN MARITIME INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Szyda

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Internet commerce in Poland is growing rapidly, entering into new industries and of-fering a wider and wider range of goods and services. For electronic commerce is open maritime industry, as evidenced by the maritime e-commerce. This aspect of e-commerce is not a popular topic of publications and research. In this article the author presents the genesis of electronic commerce in the maritime industry taking into account the particular business relationship business-to-business (B2B. Then attempt to characterize maritime e-commerce in business-to-customer (B2C relationship. The purpose of this article is to identify the attributes of internet commerce in the maritime industry, having particular re-gard to Polish online market, especially retail.

  19. The Impact of Logistics on Electronic Commerce%物流对电子商务的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白晓光

    2012-01-01

    The rise of e-commerce has a great influence on traditional logistics organizations.Logistics will affect the development of e-commerce in longer period.The modernization of logistics is the foundation of e-commerce and has become the fulcrum of it.Logistics is an important component of e-commerce and the key to accomplish it as well.%电子商务的兴起,对传统物流组织产生极大影响。物流将在较长的时期内影响着电子商务的发展,物流现代化是电子商务的基础,已成为电子商务的支点,是电子商务的重要组成部分,也是其实现的关键所在。

  20. Barriers to Electronic Commerce A doption in Small and M edium E nterprises: A C ritical L iterature R eview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chitura T

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This study is attempting to determine if the barriers reported in early e-commerce researches differ from those found in recent e-commerce studies as well as exploring if the resultant barrier groupings created from e - commerce barriers are dissimilar. To achieve our research’s aim, an extensive literature review was conducted based on what we believe to be representative sample of some o f the most cited pieces of research on this topic. The study concludes that though the issues inhibiting SMEs in their uptake of e - commerce are seemingly endless, the reality is that these issues have largely remained the same since the advent of e - commerc e in the early 1990’s. The implication of our study is that researchers should stop reinventing the list of e - commerce adoption barriers but instead focus their efforts on how SMEs can overcome these barriers so as to reap the full benefits of the technolo gy

  1. Development of Electronic Commerce and Its Application in Defense Procurement%电子商务的发展及其在国防采办中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲斌

    2000-01-01

    The US DoD has introduced Electronic Commerce and related technologies into their defense procurement reform. This proves to be more efficient and economic, and has laid foundation for the realization of paperless procurement. By analyzing the US DoD experiment, this paper demonstrates the feasibility of introducing Electronic Commerce technologies into China's weaponry construction step by step.

  2. Electronic Commerce Network Information Hidden Trouble and Safety Control Method%电子商务网络信息隐患及安全控制方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张飞

    2015-01-01

    一方面,网络为电子商务提供操控平台,为商业化经营构建多样式平台。另一方面,网络在创造便捷办公平台过程中,也面临着一系列的信息安全隐患,破坏了网络信息结构层稳定性,不利于电子商务办公自动化发展。结合电子商务网络现状,本文提出网络信息安全控制方法,为电子商务可持续发展创造条件。%On the one hand, internet provide a platform for E-commerce and multi-style operation platform for commercial oper-ation. On the other hand, while the network in the process of creating a convenient office platform, it is also facing a series of infor-mation security risks which damage the stability of network information structure layer. This is not conducive to the development of electronic commerce office automation. Combining the present situation of the electronic commerce network, this paper puts for-ward the method of network information security control, and creates the conditions for the sustainable development of E-commerce.

  3. 中小企业如何开展电子商务%How Small and Medium Sized Enterprises Carry out Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房洪涛

    2016-01-01

    我国的电子商务发展迅速,截止到2015年,我国的线上购物者已经达到4亿以上,中小企业电子商务也到了飞速发展阶段,中小企业在发展电子商务的过程中却面临着各种各样的困难,如基础设施薄弱、缺乏专门的电子商务人才等,中小企业只有加强企业信息化建设、选择适合企业发展的第三方电子商务服务平台、加强人才建设,才能使企业健康、良好地发展。%With the rapid development of electronic commerce in China, by the end of 2015, China's online shoppers has re-ached more than 4 million, the development of electronic commerce in the small and medium-sized enterprises to the stage of rapid development, SMEs in the process of the development of e-commerce is facing a variety of difficulties, such as infra-structure is weak, the lack of specialized electronic commerce talented person etc., small and medium-sized enterprises only strengthen enterprise information construction, choose a suitable enterprise development third party e-commerce service plat-form, strengthen the construction of talent, in order to enable enterprises to healthy development.

  4. Kobilerde Elektronik Ticaretin Kullanımı : İstanbul Örneği = The Use of Electronic Commerce in the Small and Medium Scale Organisations : Istanbul Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kemal ENGİN

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The speed of electronic commerce's spread is being hindered due not only to insufficiency of required infrastructure and investment but also high cost and lack of qualified personnel. Looking from the trade perspective, the volume of B2B electronic commerce is much more important than that of B2C electronic commerce. The aim of this study is to find out the usage frequency and level of electronic commerce, its reason of existence, expected benefits and encountered difficulties from these kinds of commercial activities between SMEs operating in Istanbul, which is a big industrial city. In accordance with this aim, at the first section of the study there exists literature review, and in the second section the results of the questionnaire which has been applied to the SMEs in Istanbul in order to investigate the usage of electronic commerce in SMEs are presented.

  5. Technology of Key Escrow in Electronic Commerce%电子商务中的密钥托管技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘耘; 冷英男; 王自军; 任晓蕾

    2001-01-01

    With the rapid development of Internet electr onic commerce has been n oticed increasingly. However, the problem of its security makes people not dare into this advanced field. The subjects involving in electronic commerce activiti es need to prevent the other subjects from denying their activities. Some securi ty organizations of government also need to get the encrypted key through legal means in order to track, intercept and capture criminal information. Thus the en crypted key escrow technology must be adopted and it must be of security. For th e sake of security the key will be divided into several blocks which are stored in different reliable agents. The key can not be restored unless all agents w ork together. For designing an effective and safe key escrow, the discrete logar ithm is applied for solving key escrow .The security of this algorithm completel y depends on the difficulty to solve discrete logarithm ,therefore, this algorit hm is secure and simple when a big prime number is adopted.Moreover, adding thi s technology in SET will benefit the legal agency to monitor illegal activitie s.%电子商务随着Internet的迅速发展,日益受到人们的关注。但其安全问题经常令人不敢涉足其中。一方面参加商务活动的主体需防止另一方抵赖活动,另一方面政府安全机构为跟踪截获犯罪嫌疑人员的通信,都需要通过合法渠道获得电子商务中商务活动的主体进行数据通讯时的加密密钥。此时需采用密钥托管技术,而且密钥托管必须是安全的。为了安全起见,密钥被分成几块,分别存在几位可信赖的委托人处进行托管,任何一位委托人都不能单独恢复密钥。只有几位委托人在一起才能回复密钥。为了有效安全的进行密钥托管,采用了离散对数解决密钥托管。鉴于本算法的安全性依赖与求离散对数的困难性,所以当选用很大的安全素数时,此算法既简单又安全。

  6. 浅议我国电子商务征税问题%Discussion on electronic commerce taxation in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛于兰

    2014-01-01

    Tax is one of the country's main sources of revenue and its importance is self-evident. In recent years, domestic e-commerce transactions are in a rapid increasing. But there are a series of problems about the taxation of e-commerce. This paper first discusses the necessity of taxation of e-commerce, and then analyzes the impact of e-commerce on the traditional taxation. Finally, it emphatically discusses the e-commerce tax collection and management advice in China.%税收是国家财政收入的主要来源之一,其重要性不言而喻。近些年,国内电子商务交易量每年都在迅速增加,但是对于电子商务是否应征税、如何征税却都存在一系列的问题。文章首先论述了对电子商务进行征税的必要性,分析了电子商务对传统税收带来的冲击,最后着重探讨了我国电子商务税收的征管建议。

  7. Computer Technology in Electronic Commerce%计算机技术在电子商务中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王珊珊

    2013-01-01

    随着计算机网络的迅猛发展,电子商务兴起并成为目前最流行的商业交易形式,越来越被人们接受。电子商务是利用计算机和网络进行的商务活动,随着电子商务的快速发展,计算机技术已经渗透到电子商务的各个环节,因此要进行电子商务必须了解计算机。%With the rapid development of computer networks, the rise of e-commerce and became the most popular form of commercial transactions, more and more people accepted. E-commerce is the use of computers and networks for business activities, with the rapid development of e-commerce, computer technology has penetrated into all aspects of e-commerce, e-commerce must therefore understand the computer.

  8. B2C E-COMMERCE WEBSITE

    OpenAIRE

    Savulea Dorel; Boboila Cristea

    2009-01-01

    The World Wide Web represents a new frontier towards a global industry, leading the way for new businesses. Commerce now deals with a whole different concept: electronic commerce (e-commerce). This kind of commerce provides new means for a large variety o

  9. B2C E-COMMERCE WEBSITE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savulea Dorel

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The World Wide Web represents a new frontier towards a global industry, leading the way for new businesses. Commerce now deals with a whole different concept: electronic commerce (e-commerce. This kind of commerce provides new means for a large variety o

  10. AN APPROACH TO SELF- AND CO-REGULATION OF ELECTRONIC COMMERCE IN BUILDING TRUST OVER THE INTERNET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Serbu

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to highlights some thoughts about regulation and self-regulation for e-commerce, to present cases and the importance of co- and self-regulation in e-commerce. There are a couple of question that rise in this area and we will try to answer with this paper: What are the benefits and disadvantages of self- and co-regulation, how can online industry be a cause and effect for self and co-regulation, should our web portal and search engines be a subject to any kind of regulation, what is the impact of the Internet and self and co-regulation on the e-commerce.

  11. The shock of Electronic Commerce against the conventional enterprises of our country%电子商务对我国传统企业的冲击

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨健; 高曼丽; 李金颖

    2001-01-01

    @@ 1997年11月国际商会在法国首都巴黎举行了世界电子商务会议(The world Business Agenda for Electronic Commerce),1998年3月由世纪互联通信技术有限公司与中国银行携手完成了中国第一次真正意义上的电子商务.

  12. The Application and Security of EDI in Electronic Commerce%EDI在电子商务中的应用与安全

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李煜; 刘景森

    2001-01-01

    分析了EDI技术在B to B电子商务中的应用,研究了开放式EDI安全问题的解决方案,探讨了EDI应用与安全中的法律保障问题.%The application of EDI in electronic commerce is analyzed. The security solution of open EDI is studied. The juristic warranty of EDI is discussed.

  13. The Analysis About Commodity Classification in Electronic Commerce Website%关于电子商务网站中商品分类的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁亮

    2012-01-01

    This article through to the existing e-commerce sites goods categories and have a brief analysis, and make some reasonable mathematical explanation, then based on the current situation prediction that the system of market economy development trend of electronic business purpose, from "in-time" unified update, the enlightenment of global economic and the efficiency of retrieval to talk about the development of electronic commerce catalogue' s development . It will make the existing e-commerce website 's operation idea brings the appropriate thinking and lead to electronic business industry with good development.%本文通过对现有电子商务网站的商品类目编排的简要分析,并作出一些合理的数学解释,然后根据现状预测出市场经济体制下电子商务类目的发展趋势,从“与时俱进”的统一化更新、全球经济化带来的启示和检索效用的提高来谈未来电子商务类目的发展。将会对现存的电子商务网站的运营观念带来适当的思考和启发并导致电子商务产业更好的发展。

  14. Control E-commerce security

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Yucheng

    2010-01-01

    Electronic commerce has been very popular in the recent years. However, security is one of the barriers, which affects the development of E-commerce. How should merchants of E-commerce solve this problem and maintain a secure environment for their customers? How do customers protect their confidential data when they are shopping on-line? This thesis discusses various common attacks, and presents the protection solutions according to those attacks. Because attacks may take place on the custome...

  15. Nutzung und Akzeptanz von E-Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Schenk, Michael; Wolf, Malthe

    2003-01-01

    Even with the so-called New Markets facing a world-wide break-down and the euphoria around electronic commerce subsequently cooling down market forecasts still predict a great future for electronic commerce. Influenced by electronic communication technologies, business transactions change rapidly. Although business-to-consumer e-commerce is expected to become a successful sales and communication channel world-wide, e-commerce was not accepted by broad consumer groups the way it was hoped for....

  16. An incremental approach to a secure e-commerce environment

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    M.Sc. (Computer Science) The terms "Electronic Commerce" and "Internet Commerce" are often used interchangeably to mean similar processes. By definition, electronic commerce (e-commerce) means any exchange of information that occurs electronically. There are various types of electronic commerce transactions to name a few; electronic data interchange (EDI), fax, electronic funds transfer, interorganisational systems, technical data and document exchange, customer credit approval systems, in...

  17. SWOT analysis on development of electronic commerce of smoked plum in Shanghang County%上杭乌梅电子商务发展SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟声远; 王晋; 李攀龙; 钟凤林

    2015-01-01

    Smoked plum is a pillar industry of agriculture in Shanghang County,the development of electronic commerce pro-vided a broader platform for trading and distributing of smoked plum in Shanghang County. The characteristics of smoked plum industry and existing problem in its producing-marketing link was analyzed,SWOT analysis on the feasibility to develop e-commerce of smoked plum in Shanghang County was carried out.%上杭乌梅是上杭县的农业支柱产业,发展电子商务为上杭乌梅销售和配送的发展提供了更广阔平台.分析上杭乌梅产业的特点和产销环节存在的问题,对上杭乌梅发展电子商务的可行性进行SWOT分析.

  18. The influence of mobile electronic commerce on college students' entrepreneurship%浅谈移动电子商务对大学生创业的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨康

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes the connotation and advantage of mobile electronic commerce, analyzes the mobile e-commerce’s impact on university students' entrepreneurship, proposed countermeasures for the entrepreneurship of college students under the background of mobile e-commerce, to better promote the university students' innovative entrepreneurship, to ease the employment pressure.%本文阐述了移动电子商务的内涵及优势,分析了移动电子商务对大学生创业的影响,在此基础上提出了移动电子商务背景下大学生创业的对策,以期更好地促进大学生创业,缓解社会就业压力。

  19. Discussion on Customer Relationship Management under Electronic Commerce%浅谈电子商务下的客户关系管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰

    2011-01-01

    This paper uses the existing CRM theory, analyzes the background of customer relations management and motivation and trend of its development from the basic principle of the customer relationship management, and analyzes its impact on the development of e-commerce. Combining with the two features, it analyzes the implementation of customer relationship management under electronic commerce mode and its influential factors.%本文利用CRM理论,从客户关系管理的基本原理入手,对客户关系管理产生的背景及发展动因、趋势进行分析,并分析客户关系管理对电子商务发展的影响.结合二者的特点,简析了电子商务模式下客户关系管理的实施及其成败因素.

  20. Application of Electronic Commerce in International Trade%电子商务在国际贸易中的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尉伟

    2014-01-01

    Classification and characteristics of E-commerce start, a detailed analysis of the impact of electronic commerce on international trade. In international trade, the trade negotiations to the specific performance of the contract, the use of Internet technology can reduce business costs and expand business scope, improve the efficiency of various departments.%从电子商务的分类和特点出发,详细分析了电子商务对国际贸易的影响。在国际贸易中,从交易磋商到合同的具体履行,运用互联网技术可以降低贸易成本,扩大贸易范围,提高各个部门的工作效率。

  1. Paired-pulse facilitation achieved in protonic/electronic hybrid indium gallium zinc oxide synaptic transistors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guo, Li Qiang, E-mail: guoliqiang@ujs.edu.cn; Ding, Jian Ning; Huang, Yu Kai [Micro/Nano Science & Technology Center, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013 (China); Zhu, Li Qiang, E-mail: lqzhu@nimte.ac.cn [Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201 (China)

    2015-08-15

    Neuromorphic devices with paired pulse facilitation emulating that of biological synapses are the key to develop artificial neural networks. Here, phosphorus-doped nanogranular SiO{sub 2} electrolyte is used as gate dielectric for protonic/electronic hybrid indium gallium zinc oxide (IGZO) synaptic transistor. In such synaptic transistors, protons within the SiO{sub 2} electrolyte are deemed as neurotransmitters of biological synapses. Paired-pulse facilitation (PPF) behaviors for the analogous information were mimicked. The temperature dependent PPF behaviors were also investigated systematically. The results indicate that the protonic/electronic hybrid IGZO synaptic transistors would be promising candidates for inorganic synapses in artificial neural network applications.

  2. A Survey of E-Commerce Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIN Zhiguang; LUO Xucheng; GAO Rong

    2004-01-01

    E-commerce is a very active field of Intemet research. A very important aspect of e-commerce is its security. Because of the variety of e-commerce applications, many security policies,protocols and techniques are involved in the deployment of the security. The related standards and protocols ofe-commerce are studied in this paper. The general model of e-commerce security is set forth.In this model, two most important e-commerce protocols including secure sockets layer (SSL) and secure electronic transaction (SET) are analyzed. The open problems and new trends of e-commerce security are presented.

  3. The Application of Data Mining in the Electronic Commerce%数据挖掘技术在电子商务中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石杰

    2014-01-01

    When the application of e-commerce in the enterprise, enterprise information system wil produce a large amount of data, Data mining is an effective means of data analysis. This paper simply discusses some basic concept about data mining and E-commerce, and the application of data mining in Electronic Commerce, and ifnd out some problems and puts forward some solutions to these problems.%电子商务在企业中应用时,企业信息系统会将产生大量的数据,数据挖掘技术是数据分析的有效手段。本文在给出数据挖掘和电子商务概念的基础上,介绍了数据挖掘在电子商务活动中的应用及存在的问题,并提出一些解决方法。

  4. Research on electronic commerce CRM based on data mining technology%基于数据挖掘技术的电子商务CRM研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静

    2015-01-01

    网络时代,电子商务CRM中存储海量客户数据,可利用数据挖掘技术对这些数据进行有效挖掘,发现有价值的信息。通过了解客户关系管理CRM的功能,分析数据挖掘技术的模式及过程,得出在电子商务CRM中可利用数据挖掘技术的分类模式获取新客户,聚类模式留住老客户,关联、序列模式提升客户价值,数据挖掘技术将在CRM中发挥越来越重要的作用。%In the network era,since the massive customer data is stored in electronic commerce customer relationship manage⁃ment(CRM),the valuable information can be found by means of data mining technology and effective mining. By understanding the function of CRM,analyzing the modes and process of data mining technology,it is obtained that in electronic commerce CRM,the classification mode of data mining technology is adopted to acquire new customers,the clustering mode is used to re⁃tain old customers,the correlation mode and sequential mode are used to improve customer value. Data mining technology will play more important role in electronic commerce CRM.

  5. P2P电子商务信任模型研究%Research on trust model of P2P electronic commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟宪福; 张磊; 王旭

    2009-01-01

    为解决P2P电子商务中恶意节点的欺诈问题,提出一种电子商务信任模型.模型采用带超级节点的混合P2P网络拓扑结构,将P2P网络划分为不同的域,对域内和域间节点分别进行信任度的计算.模型考虑到交易金额和时间等因素,提高了对信任度计算的准确性.实验结果表明,模型可有效减少恶意交易行为的发生.%In order to solve the problem of the cheat of malicious users in P2P electronic commerce, this paper presented a trust model of electronic commerce. The model used the structure of mixed P2P network with super nodes, made P2P network to some different domains and computed the trust degree respectively for the nodes in and between domains. The model consi-dered the amount and time of the trade and enhanced the veracity of the computing of the trust degree. Experimental results manifest that the model can decrease the malicious trade effectively.

  6. The Impact of Business Size and Business Type on Small Business Investment in Electronic Commerce: a study of Swedish small businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert MacGregor

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available In the past, organisations relied on traditional quantitative metrics, such as Return on Investment (ROI to make decisions when investing in technology. With the advent of electronic commerce (EC, organisations have had to rethink their investment and acquisition decisions due to the strategic nature of electronic commerce. Where ROI measures have failed, they have been replaced with a plethora of organisational driving forces. This paper focuses on the driving forces behind EC adoption by small and medium enterprises (SME's and aims to determine the impact of organisational factors such as size and type of business on EC acquisition criteria. The results of a research study carried out in Sweden are presented and suggest that there exist high levels of significance between the size of the business and customer demand, reduced costs, developing new markets and improvement to marketing as driving forces, and the type of business and customer demand, pressure from competition, increased sales and improvement of relationship with business partners as driving forces for EC adoption.

  7. The influence on the electronic commerce to logistics%浅议电子商务运行对物流的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗宁

    2013-01-01

    The continuous development of science and technology and modern information technology,the derivative industry e-commerce development relies on the Internet also corresponding original more perfect, from the previous B2B model has gradually developed into B2C,C2C and other new forms,thus complete coverage to all aspects of people’s lives to,in this one,electronic business is good and smooth operation is a very important point is that the role of logistics operation.It is under such a realistic background,basic concept first gives a brief introduction to e-commerce and logistics,and then combined with the development of electronic commerce in recent years the detailed analysis of the e-commerce operation of logistics.%  科学技术和现代信息技术的不断发展,依靠于互联网的衍生产业电子商务发展也相应的原来越健全,从之前的B2B模式逐渐发展为B2C、C2C等新的形式,从而完整的覆盖到了人们生活的方方面面当中去,在这其中,电子商务之所以能够良好顺利的运行很重要的一点就是物流运行的作用。本文正是在这样一种现实的背景之下,首先简要介绍电子商务和物流的基本概念,然后结合电子商务这些年来的发展状况详细分析电子商务运行对物流所产生的影响。

  8. The Electronic Payment Technology Utilize & Study In The Electronic Commerce%电子支付技术在电子商务中的运用与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明达

    2000-01-01

    影响我国现代电子商务发展瓶颈问题是网上购物的结算,结合现今国际电子商务行为的方式方法,如何利用相关电子支付技术,实现网上购物与实时支付等问题,是实现网上购物与实时支付的关键所在。%Concentrating on the problem that afects the country's developing in modem electronic commerce. Combining with the present international method of electronic commerce, we have done some researches on how to use relevant technology on the delectronic payment and realize the problem of buying on INTERNET and paying in real time. This article points out the key on how to turn buying on INTERNET and paying real time into reality.

  9. Vessel Electronic Reporting System (VERS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The VERS system is composed of a database and other related applications which facilitate the reporting of electronically collected research data via Fisheries...

  10. 双主体模式下高职电子商务专业课程体系改革探索%Exploration on the reform of the curriculum system of electronic commerce in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文瑞

    2015-01-01

    课程体系是高质量人才培养的关键,高职电子商务专业,应从职业岗位的需求出发,改革传统的电子商务课程体系,校企合作,切实提高电子商务人才培养质量.%Curriculum system is the key to cultivate high quality talent,e-commerce major of higher vocational education,starting from the professional post demand,reform the traditional curriculum system of electronic commerce,school enterprise cooperation, and effectively improve the e-commerce personnel training quality.

  11. The Social Commerce System

    OpenAIRE

    Dubovyk Tetiana V.; Ortynska Valentyna V.

    2017-01-01

    The social commerce is a relatively new phenomenon, found in the little researched direction of trade. Research results by the authors have provided to systematize the views on the concept of «social commerce», characterize the social commerce system, propose measures to develop a social commerce strategy. The authors have defined the social commerce as expansion of e-commerce in the social networks on the Internet, in which social factors are significant, and consumers use the right to creat...

  12. Advantages of Application of Electronic Commerce in Procurement for the Armed Forces of Brazil and South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-12-01

    Northern Europe.”, Ecommerce Times, [http://www.ecommercetimes.com/perl/story/3546.html], June 2001. Mc Gregor, Don, “Encryption”, [http...sans.org/infosecFAQ/ ecommerce /fraud.htm], September 2001. Schneider, Gary P. and James T. Perry, “Electronic Commerce”, Course Technology, 2001

  13. Distal [FeS]-Cluster Coordination in [NiFe]-Hydrogenase Facilitates Intermolecular Electron Transfer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrenko, Alexander; Stein, Matthias

    2017-01-05

    Biohydrogen is a versatile energy carrier for the generation of electric energy from renewable sources. Hydrogenases can be used in enzymatic fuel cells to oxidize dihydrogen. The rate of electron transfer (ET) at the anodic side between the [NiFe]-hydrogenase enzyme distal iron-sulfur cluster and the electrode surface can be described by the Marcus equation. All parameters for the Marcus equation are accessible from Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations. The distal cubane FeS-cluster has a three-cysteine and one-histidine coordination [Fe₄S₄](His)(Cys)₃ first ligation sphere. The reorganization energy (inner- and outer-sphere) is almost unchanged upon a histidine-to-cysteine substitution. Differences in rates of electron transfer between the wild-type enzyme and an all-cysteine mutant can be rationalized by a diminished electronic coupling between the donor and acceptor molecules in the [Fe₄S₄](Cys)₄ case. The fast and efficient electron transfer from the distal iron-sulfur cluster is realized by a fine-tuned protein environment, which facilitates the flow of electrons. This study enables the design and control of electron transfer rates and pathways by protein engineering.

  14. 电子商务的发展及对电子政务的借鉴价值%The Development of Electronic Commerce and the Reference Value of Electronic Government Affairs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李肖云

    2016-01-01

    With e-commerce popular and practical as well as the embodiment of the surface and convenient in every aspect of human life, let we deeply aware information technology development no matter in which field are will play to irreplaceable role. In this paper, for example the industrial revolution of the railway development to analogy now and characteristics of elec-tronic commerce development, outstanding electronic commerce important practical value, is now in government management and service to achieve information network technology provide reference significance.%随着电子商务的流行化和实用化以及体现在人类生活方方面面的服务便利性,让我们深切感知信息技术发展不管在哪个领域都将会起到不可替代的作用。本文通过举例工业革命时期的铁路发展来类比现如今电子商务的发展及其特性,突出电子商务的重要实用性价值,也为现如今政府政务管理和服务实现信息网络技术提供可参考的意义。

  15. 企业电子商务风险预警系统构建研究%Construction of Early Warning System of Enterprise Electronic Commerce Risk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺桂和

    2012-01-01

    Due to the existence of enterprise electronic commerce risk, it is necessary to establish early warning system. The functions the early warning system of enterprise electronic commerce risk should have are analyzed, its basic framework is dis- cussed, which include subsystems of risk information collecting, risk identifying, risk assessing and diagnosising, risk warning and risk alarming. We also suggested some implementation strategies such as establishing early warning organization, strengthening enterprise internal control, confirming the police source distribution, establishing risk index system, perfecting the early warning mechanism and application of advanced warning technology, etc.%由于企业电子商务存在有风险,因而有必要建立电子商务风险预警系统。分析企业电子商务风险预警系统应当具备的功能,讨论此类系统的基本架构,包括风险信息收集子系统、风险信息识别子系统、风险评估诊断子系统、风险预警报警子系统、风险预警预控子系统,提出建立预警组织机构、加强企业内部控制、确定警源分布总图、建立风险指标体系、完善预警反应机制、利用先进预警技术等策略来确保风险预警系统功能的实现。

  16. Electronic Payment System (EPS - Facilitating the Development and Adoption in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akudo C. Anyanwu

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Parties conducting electronic businesses and transactions have usually never seen each other face-to-face, nor exchanged currency or hard copies of documents hand-to-hand. The society at large prefers transactions that involve physical contact of people, cash and cheques to that which is done over a telecommunication network such as the Internet. However, security, trust and convenience are among the major contending factors affecting the adoption of e-payment systems in Nigeria. This paper presents issues on the factors necessary to facilitate the development of EPS in Nigeria and devise ways to enhance its adoption by users.

  17. WooCommerce cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Rauland, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    If you have ever built or managed a WordPress site and want to add e-commerce functionality into your site, WooCommerce and this book are perfect for you. Learning how to use WooCommerce through this series of recipes will give you a solid platform to add any future e-commerce needs.

  18. E-Commerce: easy access, easy business

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pappel, A. [Union Gas Ltd., Chatham, ON (Canada)

    1999-07-01

    A series of overhead viewgraphs accompanied this workshop presentation which dealt with the increased use of E-Commerce in the energy industries. E-Commerce refers to the use of any kind of electronic communication, including Internet, Intranet and Extranet. E-Commerce offers real-time access and real-time solutions to energy marketers. This paper discussed growth trends and the driving force behind E-Commerce. Market and regulatory changes such as unbundling and business transformation are some of the factors responsible for the increased used of E-Commerce. This workshop also described some of the intricacies of the Union Gas web site.

  19. Security of M-Commerce transactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion IVAN

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this material electronic market are defined. How they are structured. Security in E-Commerce applications is very important both at the administrative level and from the user perspective. The new trend in the field is the M-commerce that involves making purchases through mobile devices. And for M-commerce transactions the security is a very important thing. Here's how to analyze the security of M-commerce transactions and ways to increase security for these transactions taking into account the organization of M-Commerce applications, software used, hardware used and other important issues in the development of these applications.

  20. Graphene oxide-facilitated electron transfer of metalloproteins at electrode surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuo, Xiaolei; He, Shijiang; Li, Di; Peng, Cheng; Huang, Qing; Song, Shiping; Fan, Chunhai

    2010-02-02

    Graphene is a particularly useful nanomaterial that has shown great promise in nanoelectronics. Because of the ultrahigh electron mobility of graphene and its unique surface properties such as one-atom thickness and irreversible protein adsorption at surfaces, graphene-based materials might serve as an ideal platform for accommodating proteins and facilitating protein electron transfer. In this work, we demonstrate that graphene oxide (GO) supports the efficient electrical wiring the redox centers of several heme-containing metalloproteins (cytochrome c, myoglobin, and horseradish peroxidase) to the electrode. Importantly, proteins retain their structural intactness and biological activity upon forming mixtures with GO. These important features imply the promising applications of GO/protein complexes in the development of biosensors and biofuel cells.

  1. Facilitating biomedical researchers' interrogation of electronic health record data: Ideas from outside of biomedical informatics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hruby, Gregory W; Matsoukas, Konstantina; Cimino, James J; Weng, Chunhua

    2016-04-01

    Electronic health records (EHR) are a vital data resource for research uses, including cohort identification, phenotyping, pharmacovigilance, and public health surveillance. To realize the promise of EHR data for accelerating clinical research, it is imperative to enable efficient and autonomous EHR data interrogation by end users such as biomedical researchers. This paper surveys state-of-art approaches and key methodological considerations to this purpose. We adapted a previously published conceptual framework for interactive information retrieval, which defines three entities: user, channel, and source, by elaborating on channels for query formulation in the context of facilitating end users to interrogate EHR data. We show the current progress in biomedical informatics mainly lies in support for query execution and information modeling, primarily due to emphases on infrastructure development for data integration and data access via self-service query tools, but has neglected user support needed during iteratively query formulation processes, which can be costly and error-prone. In contrast, the information science literature has offered elaborate theories and methods for user modeling and query formulation support. The two bodies of literature are complementary, implying opportunities for cross-disciplinary idea exchange. On this basis, we outline the directions for future informatics research to improve our understanding of user needs and requirements for facilitating autonomous interrogation of EHR data by biomedical researchers. We suggest that cross-disciplinary translational research between biomedical informatics and information science can benefit our research in facilitating efficient data access in life sciences.

  2. Facilitating Ambulatory Electronic Health Record System Implementation: Evidence from a Qualitative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Scheck McAlearney

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Ambulatory care practices have increasing interest in leveraging the capabilities of electronic health record (EHR systems, but little information is available documenting how organizations have successfully implemented these systems. Objective. To characterize elements of successful electronic health record (EHR system implementation and to synthesize the key informants' perspectives about successful implementation practices. Methods. Key informant interviews and focus groups were conducted with a purposive sample of individuals from US healthcare organizations identified for their success with ambulatory EHR implementation. Rigorous qualitative data analyses used both deductive and inductive methods. Results. Participants identified personal and system-related barriers, at both the individual and organization levels, including poor computer skills, productivity losses, resistance to change, and EHR system failure. Implementation success was reportedly facilitated by careful planning and consistent communication throughout distinct stages of the implementation process. A significant element of successful implementation was an emphasis on optimization, both during “go-live” and, subsequently, when users had more experience with the system. Conclusion. Successful EHR implementation requires both detailed planning and clear mechanisms to deal with unforeseen or unintended consequences. Focusing on user buy-in early and including plans for optimization can facilitate greater success.

  3. Research of Electronic Commerce Professional "Project Oriented,Task Driven" Teaching Method%电子商务专业“项目导向、任务驱动”教学法探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟葱玉; 钟新玉; 熊小江

    2015-01-01

    随着电子商务蓬勃发展,如何建立电子商务网络实施平台,如何培养电子商务人才是电子商务教师面临的紧迫问题。通过对“项目导向、任务驱动”教学法的分析,介绍电子商务专业如何实施“项目导向、任务驱动”教学法教学。%Along with the vigorous development of electronic commerce, how to build a platform for the implementation of electronic commerce network, how to develop e-commerce talents is the urgent problems facing e-commerce teacher. Through the analysis of the "project oriented, task driven" teaching method, and introduces how to implement the "project oriented, task driven"method in teaching of electronic commerce major.

  4. INCREASING MARKET TRANSPARENCY: THE ROLE OF THE INTERNET AND E-COMMERCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula-Elena Diacon

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available "Cyberspace" - a concept until recently considered somewhat obscure and fantasy, has become in the contemporary era common and one of the most exciting trends in business. The emergence and development of electronic commerce represented a huge step towards facilitating economic transactions and to the increase market transparency. The latter is one of the main pillars underlying the theoretical model of perfect competition, and thus of an efficient market. This article aims to investigate how electronic commerce has increased market efficiency by increasing transparency.

  5. 浅议电子商务环境下的供应链管理%Supply chain management under electronic commerce environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘家圳

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the thought of experts and scholars at home and abroad, the theory of supply chain gradually perfecting and increasing the complete process, in studying the condition of electronic commerce, in the new network platform for the management, to the change of our country should chain management, realistic and innovative Suggestions, emphasis was on the supply chain of enterprise supply chain management has carried on the detailed the profound analysis, and put forward the constructive Suggestions.%本文首先通过梳理国内外专家学者的思想方法,了解供应链理论的逐步完善和日趋完整的过程,在深入研究电子商务的条件中,结合在新的网络平台下供管理,对我国应链管理的变化,提出具有现实意义和创新意义的建议,重点研究企业的供应链供应链管理进行了细致深刻的剖析,并提出了具有建设性的建议。

  6. 电子商务系统网络安全隔离技术的研究%Research of electronic commerce system network security isolation technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林平

    2012-01-01

    针对目前Internet上的黑客软件、网络病毒针对TCP/IP协议设计的特点及Windows终端与Windows终端服务器之间可以通过IPX协议建立通信连接的技术特征,提出外网Windows终端服务器选用一网卡只加载标准的TCP/IP协议与Internet相连,另一网卡只加载IPX协议仅与内网Windows终端相连的组网方案,阻隔黑客软件攻击与网络病毒传播的通信通道,研究电子商务系统内外网络安全隔离新型应用模式.%In view of the current Internet hacker software,network virus for TCP/IP protocol design and the characteristics of Windows terminal and Windows terminal server can through the IPX protocol to establish a communication connection technology characteristic,this paper put forward Windows terminal server selects a card loaded only to the standard TCP/IP protocol,and Internet connected.Another card is loaded with only the IPX protocol,only with intranet Windows terminal network program,so that it can cut off hacker ' s attack and network virus propagation channel,and research on electronic commerce system intranet and extranet security isolation application mode.

  7. Influence of Electronic Commerce on the Traditional Chemical Industry%电子商务对传统化工产业的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳拴全

    2011-01-01

    目前,电子商务已经成为化工企业商务活动的主导形式,在化工企业运营中发挥着重要作用。介绍了电子商务的作用、化工企业开展电子商务方法、影响电子商务发展的因素,提出了完善中小化工企业电子商务应用的方法以及加快电子商务发展的主要措施。%Currently,electronic commerce(e-commerce) has been becoming the dominant form in the business activities of chemical enterprises,and plays an important role in the operation of these companies.To introduce the function,ways and of e-commerce,influence factors,and put forward the methods which may completes the application of the e-com-merce in the small and medium enterprises and the measures that accelerate development.

  8. 电子商务环境下的消费者行为态度研究%Research of consumer behavior under the environment of electronic commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷锋社

    2012-01-01

    In view of consumer involvement degree high computer products, through the design of the questionnaire to obtain statistical data to build consumer behavior model, the model to test the hypothesis that further information in the B2C under the electronic commerce environment, attitude and behavior theory and technical innovation diffusion theory is still valid, online consumer computer behavior intention and attitude have significant correlation. For the rest of the consumers' disposable income accounted for a large proportion of the goods and services, the model still has a high application value.%针对消费者涉入程度高的计算机产品,通过问卷设计获得统计数据建立消费者行为态度模型,通过对模型的假设检验进一步说明在B2C电子商务环境下,态度行为理论和技术创新扩散理论仍然有效,消费者网上购买计算机的行为意图和态度之间存在显著的相关性。对于其余占消费者可支配收入比例大的商品与服务,模型仍然具有较高的应用价值。

  9. Electronic commerce environment of ERP and SCM, CRM integration research%电子商务环境下ERP与SCM、CRM集成探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭梦霞

    2014-01-01

    文中以ERP发展的特点以及发展的历程作为研究切入点,整体系统的分析了在电子商务背景之下的ERP与SCM、CRM的集成研究,从而更直观具体的将这一范围内的研究进程表述,提出了将来的各项研究渠道以及具体的研究热点,为往后的研究提供参照。%In this paper,with the characteristics of the ERP development and development as a research starting point,the overall system in electronic commerce are analyzed under the background of ERP and SCM, CRM,the integration of research,and more intuitive specific expression will be within the scope of the research process,proposed the future studies channels as well as the specific research hotspot,to provide reference for future research.

  10. A 3D Virtual Space for the E-Commerce Strategy Model

    OpenAIRE

    Gong Cheng; Changrui Yu; Kecheng Liu

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, innovative applications of electronic commerce (e-commerce) are facing the challenges of mobile commerce (m-commerce) and ubiquitous commerce (u-commerce). To address these challenges and improve the competitiveness of e-commerce, the three-dimensional e-commerce (3DEC) theory is proposed and a 3DEC business strategy model is built up in this study. The new conceptual 3DEC model incorporates the industrial environment analysis, SWOT analysis, and business model canvas (BMC). ...

  11. A 3D Virtual Space for the E-Commerce Strategy Model

    OpenAIRE

    Gong Cheng; Changrui Yu; Kecheng Liu

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, innovative applications of electronic commerce (e-commerce) are facing the challenges of mobile commerce (m-commerce) and ubiquitous commerce (u-commerce). To address these challenges and improve the competitiveness of e-commerce, the three-dimensional e-commerce (3DEC) theory is proposed and a 3DEC business strategy model is built up in this study. The new conceptual 3DEC model incorporates the industrial environment analysis, SWOT analysis, and business model canvas (BMC). ...

  12. Workflow Management in Electronic Commerce

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grefen, P.W.P.J.; Spaccapietra, S.; March, S.T.; Kambayashi, Y.

    2002-01-01

    This tutorial addresses the application of workflow management (WFM) for process support in both these cases. The tutorial is organized into three parts. In the first part, we pay attention to (classical) workflow management in the context of a single organization. In the second part, we extend this

  13. The European legal framework regarding e-commerce

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaub, M.Y.

    2004-01-01

    The year 2000 is a memorable year in the history of e-commerce. This is the year of the so-called 'dot.com shake-out'. The year 2000 is also the year the European Union issued its e-commerce directive. The directive means to regulate but also facilitate e-commerce in the internal market, by laying

  14. With online shopping as the starting point and to promote the development of electronic commerce in the western area%以网购为抓手,促进西部地区电子商务发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈坤华; 陈忠余

    2014-01-01

    我国电子商务发展极不平衡,网购的自身特点决定了网购成为西部地区电子商务发展的重要抓手,以网购为抓手四步推动电子商务发展。%The development of e-commerce in China is extremely uneven,due to the characteristics of online shopping online shopping has become an important starting point of the western region development of e-commerce,online shopping as the starting point to the four step to promote the development of electronic commerce.

  15. Analysis of Mobile Electronic Commerce Development under the Background of O2O Model%O2O 模式背景下的移动电子商务发展分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    隋丽红

    2015-01-01

    With the accelerated development of science and technology,the mobile Internet gradually into people's lives,the e-lectronic commerce based on the Internet has entered a period of rapid development.The development of electronic commerce, between the online and offline,physical and information more closely,and O2O makes e -commerce has entered a new stage of development.This paper introduces the concept and characteristics of O2O mode,analyzes the status of the development of e-lectronic commerce in O2O mode,and puts forward the countermeasures to solve the existing and development of electronic commerce in China in the last issue,opportunities and challenges for the development of e -commerce O2O model under com-prehensively,hoping to contribute to the development of electronic commerce.%随着科学技术的加速发展,移动互联网逐渐融入人们生活,以互联网为依托的电子商务也进入了迅速发展时期。电子商务的发展,促使线上和线下、实物和信息之间的联系更加紧密,而 O2O 让电子商务进入了一个新的发展阶段。本文介绍了 O2O 模式的含义和特征,分析了 O2O 模式背景下电子商务发展的状况,并提出目前我国电子商务发展中存在的问题和解决对策,最后对 O2O 模式背景下电子商务发展的机遇与挑战进行综合,希望能够有助于电子商务的发展。

  16. Analysis of Chinese e-commerce development

    OpenAIRE

    Xiong, Mengti

    2010-01-01

    Electronic commerce as a new field of application of internet technology was started in North America 1994. The developing speed of e-commerce has proved to be successful in the commercial world. Moreover, Chinese e-commerce as late comer also has shown its great potential in all the IT related-industries. This thesis focuses on the development of the Chinese e-commerce over recent years. The data for conducting the thesis are collected from the primary sources like company reports, newsp...

  17. 农村电子商务标准化运营初探%Primary Study on Standardized Operation of Rural Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张熙物

    2016-01-01

    This paper expounds the present situation and problems of rural e-commerce development, studies the role and significance of the standardization of rural e-commerce, and analyzes the successful case of rural e-commerce, providing countermeasures and suggestions on how to realize the standardized operation of rural e-commerce.%阐述了农村电子商务发展的现状及问题,研究了标准化对于农村电子商务的作用及意义,针对农村电子商务成功案例展开分析,对农村电子商务如何实现标准化运营给出了对策建议.

  18. M-Commerce service systems implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmahan Altaher

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Mobile commerce supports automated banking services. However, the implementation of m-commerce services systems has become increasingly important in today’s dynamic banking environment. This research studied the relationships between technology acceptance model and m- commerce services. The results of the survey on 249 respondents in several Jordan banks revealed that technology acceptance model had a significant impact on m-commerce services. The results led to the recommendation that the technology acceptance model is a success model for support using new services for electronic commerce. In addition, managers play a significant role in influencing the mobile services in banks through social interaction. Managers should focus on relative advantage, usefulness, and ease of use, in order to develop the mobile commerce services implementation.

  19. The Design and Realization of Automobile Enterprise Electronic Commerce Website%汽车企业电子商务网站的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈开慧; 李春

    2013-01-01

      在实地调查玉林在售各品牌汽车的基础上,采用ASP、SQL Server 2000、Adobe Dreamweaver CS5和Photoshop CS5网站开发及网页编辑技术设计并实现汽车企业电子商务网站。网站分为前台和后台,前台包括首页、车型展厅、车型图片、新到车型等13个模块,具有浏览,搜索和在线订购商品及发起论坛功能;后台包括已下订单、预约保养、欲购汽车等11个模块,实现管理员对汽车商品及网站信息编辑和会员订单处理的功能。%  s:The paper designs and realizes automobile enterprise electronic commerce website by the ASP, SQL, Server 2000, Adobe Dreamweaver CS5 and Photoshop CS5, based on the field survey in Yulin in the sale of various brands of cars. The website is divided into the foreground and background. The foreground includes home page, exhibition, pictures and new models etc., 13 modules in total, serving for the purpose of browsing, searching and online ordering of goods and initiating the forum, etc;the background includes generated orders, maintenance reservation, and car maintenance, etc. 11 modules in total, serving for the purpose of editing automobile products and website information, as well as order processing.

  20. 基于ASP.NET技术的B2C电子商务网站设计与实现%Design and Implementation of B2C Electronic Commerce Website Based on ASP.NET Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    芮跃峰

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzed the main function of the electronic commerce website, puts forward the logical structure of e-commerce website, and designed the logical structure of the database, developed the e-commerce website, including the realization of database access and merchandise management, membership management, shopping cart, merchandise search four function modules. The website adopted Browser/Server mode, based on ASP.NET technology and C# language, used SQL Server 2005 as the background database, Visual Studio 2010 as development tool, realized the general function of electronic commerce website.%  本文分析了电子商务网站的主要功能,提出了电子商务网站的结构,并设计了数据库的逻辑结构,最后对电子商务网站进行了详细开发,包括数据库的访问和商品管理、会员管理、购物车、商品搜索四个功能模块的实现。网站采用Browser/Server模式,基于ASP.NET技术和C#语言,以SQL Server 2005作为后台数据库,Visual Studio 2010作为开发工具,实现电子商务网站的一般功能。

  1. Donor-acceptor graphene-based hybrid materials facilitating photo-induced electron-transfer reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stergiou, Anastasios; Pagona, Georgia; Tagmatarchis, Nikos

    2014-01-01

    Graphene research and in particular the topic of chemical functionalization of graphene has exploded in the last decade. The main aim is to increase the solubility and thereby enhance the processability of the material, which is otherwise insoluble and inapplicable for technological applications when stacked in the form of graphite. To this end, initially, graphite was oxidized under harsh conditions to yield exfoliated graphene oxide sheets that are soluble in aqueous media and amenable to chemical modifications due to the presence of carboxylic acid groups at the edges of the lattice. However, it was obvious that the high-defect framework of graphene oxide cannot be readily utilized in applications that are governed by charge-transfer processes, for example, in solar cells. Alternatively, exfoliated graphene has been applied toward the realization of some donor-acceptor hybrid materials with photo- and/or electro-active components. The main body of research regarding obtaining donor-acceptor hybrid materials based on graphene to facilitate charge-transfer phenomena, which is reviewed here, concerns the incorporation of porphyrins and phthalocyanines onto graphene sheets. Through illustrative schemes, the preparation and most importantly the photophysical properties of such graphene-based ensembles will be described. Important parameters, such as the generation of the charge-separated state upon photoexcitation of the organic electron donor, the lifetimes of the charge-separation and charge-recombination as well as the incident-photon-to-current efficiency value for some donor-acceptor graphene-based hybrids, will be discussed.

  2. Magnetite nanoparticles facilitate methane production from ethanol via acting as electron acceptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Zhiman; Shi, Xiaoshuang; Wang, Chuanshui; Wang, Lin; Guo, Rongbo

    2015-11-12

    Potential for interspecies hydrogen transfer within paddy soil enrichments obtained via addition of magnetite nanoparticles and ethanol (named as PEM) was investigated. To do this, PEM derived from rice field of Hangzhou (named as PEM-HZ) was employed, because it offered the best methane production performance. Methane production and Fe (III) reduction proceeded in parallel in the presence of magnetite. Inhibition experiments with 2-bromoethane sulfonate (BES) or phosphate showed that interspecies hydrogen transfer and Fe (III) reduction also occurred in methane production from ethanol. 16S rRNA-based Illumina sequencing results showed that Dechloromonas, Thauera, Desulfovibrio and Clostridium were the dominant putative Fe (III) -reducers, and that hydrogenotrophic Methanobacterium accounted for about 88% of the total archaeal community. These results indicated that magnetite nanoparticles that acted as electron acceptor could facilitate rapid oxidation of ethanol by members of the Fe (III) -reducers in PEM-HZ and establishment of the syntrophic relationship of Fe (III) -reducers with Methanobacterium via interspecies hydrogen transfer. Our results could offer a model to understand the microbial interaction with magnetite from a novel angle during methanogenesis.

  3. A simple cryo-holder facilitates specimen observation under a conventional scanning electron microscope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Chih-Yuan; Huang, Rong-Nan; Kuo-Huang, Ling-Long; Kuo, Tai-Chih; Yang, Ya-Yun; Lin, Ching-Yeh; Jane, Wann-Neng; Chen, Shiang-Jiuun

    2012-02-01

    A pre-cryogenic holder (cryo-holder) facilitating cryo-specimen observation under a conventional scanning electron microscope (SEM) is described. This cryo-holder includes a specimen-holding unit (the stub) and a cryogenic energy-storing unit (a composite of three cylinders assembled with a screw). After cooling, the cryo-holder can continue supplying cryogenic energy to extend the observation time for the specimen in a conventional SEM. Moreover, the cryogenic energy-storing unit could retain appropriate liquid nitrogen that can evaporate to prevent frost deposition on the surface of the specimen. This device is proved feasible for various tissues and cells, and can be applied to the fields of both biology and material science. We have employed this novel cryo-holder for observation of yeast cells, trichome, and epidermal cells in the leaf of Arabidopsis thaliana, compound eyes of insects, red blood cells, filiform papillae on the surface of rat tongue, agar medium, water molecules, penicillium, etc. All results suggested that the newly designed cryo-holder is applicable for cryo-specimen observation under a conventional SEM without cooling system. Most importantly, the design of this cryo-holder is simple and easy to operate and could adapt a conventional SEM to a plain type cryo-SEM affordable for most laboratories.

  4. Critical Success Factors influencing E-Commerce in Kuwait

    OpenAIRE

    Salah Al-Fadhli

    2011-01-01

    Electronic Commerce which enables business transactions to be conducted electronically has demonstrated significant operational and strategic benefits. Developed countries have actively adopted e-Commerce and have made it an integral part of business activities. Despite its ability to bridge economic and digital gap between developing and developed countries, developing countries are still slow in e-Commerce adoption. Currently, there is still a lack of e-Commerce readines...

  5. Critical Success Factors influencing E-Commerce in Kuwait

    OpenAIRE

    Salah Al-Fadhli

    2011-01-01

    Electronic Commerce which enables business transactions to be conducted electronically has demonstrated significant operational and strategic benefits. Developed countries have actively adopted e-Commerce and have made it an integral part of business activities. Despite its ability to bridge economic and digital gap between developing and developed countries, developing countries are still slow in e-Commerce adoption. Currently, there is still a lack of e-Commerce readines...

  6. The Social Commerce System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dubovyk Tetiana V.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The social commerce is a relatively new phenomenon, found in the little researched direction of trade. Research results by the authors have provided to systematize the views on the concept of «social commerce», characterize the social commerce system, propose measures to develop a social commerce strategy. The authors have defined the social commerce as expansion of e-commerce in the social networks on the Internet, in which social factors are significant, and consumers use the right to create content through the media via forums, ratings, reviews, and recommendations on different platforms. Enterprises are advised to use social tools to perform social interaction with consumers in social networks, create a social climate in view of the social support on the Web. The authors have proposed the concept of «social commerce system», structure of which contains the following elements: individuality of consumer, social communications, social communities, e-commerce; defined the multidimensional attributes that are naturally associated with all four elements of the social commerce. They cover the quality of information, system quality, quality of service, convenience and ease-of-use, payment mechanism.

  7. Application of Computer Network in Electronic Commerce%计算机网络在电子商务中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张易

    2015-01-01

    随着计算机网络技术的不断发展与创新,计算机得到了更加广泛的运用。计算机网络技术也越来越重要,在电子商务中扮演着不可缺少的角色,使得电子商务得到越来越广泛的应用。计算机以其方便、快捷、准确等特点为电子商务服务,而电子商务的绝大多数交易都是在网上完成的,所以影响交易成败的因素就是电子商务的安全性。计算机网络为电子商务带来更多的经济效益,也促进了社会的发展。文章主要从网络电子商务、电子商务网络的安全隐患、电子商务交易中的网络安全技术3个方面阐述计算机网络如何在电子商务中保证交易的安全性。%With the continuous development and innovation of computer network technology,the computer has been more widely used.Computer network technology has become increasingly important,which plays an indispensable role in e-commerce,making e-commerce is more widely used. Computer services for e-commerce with characteristics of convenience,rapidity and accuracy,and the vast majority of e-commerce transactions are completed online,so the key factors is the e-commerce transaction security.Computer networks brings more economic beneifts for e-commerce ,and promotes the development of society.From the perspectives of network e-commerce,security risks of e-business networks,network security technology of e-commerce transactions,this article explains how to ensure the security of transactions in e-commerce.

  8. E-commerce in sports sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilal Çoban

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In today's world, especially in the information age in the field of management rapid and radical changes are taking place.The internet phenomenon occuring as a result of the development of globolization and information technology has revealed such consepts as ‘New Economy’ and ‘Knowledge Economy’ in parallel to the services all over the world. Electronic commerce (e-commerce emerging by this conceptual affections is growing very rapidly today. This rapid growth in e-commerce is reflected also in the sports sector. As the days passed in the sports sector, widespread electronic commerce is affecting the traditional sales and marketing methods and providing different convenience to consumers. Institutions and organizations in the sports sector of globalized economy are required to learn and practice the e commerce method which increases their ability to compete.This study have examined what electronic commerce means in the sports sector and positive and negative sides with descriptive method and the primary and secondary sources directly or indirectly related to electronic commerce has been evaluated by using “Documentation Method”. The results obtained are shown in the conceptual table.

  9. 电子商务时代的服装大规模定制营销模式分析%Analysis on Marketing Mode of Garment Mass Customization in the Trend of Electronic Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王倩; 周建军

    2014-01-01

    Electronic commerce has given a great push to Garment Mass Customization GMC. Under the electronic commerce trend, four marketing modes of GMC have been developed. Based on the features of each marketing mode, clothing enterprise should make right choice for its marketing.%本文首先论述了电子商务对服装大规模定制的推动作用,然后重点分析了电子商务时代下服装大规模定制的4种营销模式。最后根据4种营销模式各自的特点,对不同的服装企业该选择哪种生产营销模式做出了详细分析。

  10. 浅析电子商务支付协议认证性的SVO逻辑验证%SVO logic verification of authentication of electronic commerce payment protocol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽峰

    2015-01-01

    当前,高效、安全的支付方式已成为移动电子商务发展的首要问题.但目前移动电子商务研究中对移动支付协议的设计尚不健全,如何对移动支付协议认证备受关注.本文浅析电死商务协议认证中SVO逻辑验证的应用.%At present,efficient and secure payment has become the primary problem of the development of mobile electronic commerce.But at present,the design of mobile payment protocol is not perfect,how to pay attention to the mobile payment protocol authentication. Application of SVO logic verification in the authentication of electronic commerce protocol.

  11. Research on the Fourth Party Logistics Management Platform Based on the Electronic Commerce Environment%基于电子商务环境下第四方物流管理平台研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严维红

    2014-01-01

    文章对目前电子商务物流存在的问题进行了分析。以第四方物流为切入点,试图建立一个第四方物流运作平台,用来为电子商务提供更快、更好的物流服务,降低物流成本,提高客户的满意度和忠诚度。%This paper analyzes the problems of electronic com-merce logistics. Taking the fourth party logistics as the break-through point, this paper tries to build a fourth party logistics platform. We intend to provide faster, better service for the electronic commerce logistics, reduce logistics costs, improve customer's satisfaction and loyalty.

  12. 探析计算机技术在电子商务中的应用%Application of computer technology in electronic commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟宇平

    2015-01-01

    电子商务通常是利用电脑技术和网络通讯技术进行的商务活动,在网络环境下,买卖双方可以不见面地进行各种商贸活动,实现消费者的网上购物、网上支付等各种商务活动的一种商业运营模式。随着计算机技术的不断发展,计算机网络技术在商务中的应用越来越广泛,电子商务也迅速发展,因此要不断完善计算机在电子商务中的应用,提高电子商务的安全性,为电子商务的发展提供有力的技术保障。本文通过探析计算机技术在电子商务中的应用,阐述出计算机技术在电子商务中的重要性。%E-commerce is usually using computer technology and network communication technology business activities in the network environment,buyers and sellers can not meet to conduct various business activities to achieve consumer online shopping,an online payment and other business activities business model.With the development of computer technology,computer network technology more widely in commerce, e-commerce has developed rapidly,and therefore continue to improve computer applications in e-commerce to improve the security of e-commerce,e-commerce in development to provide strong technical support.Through the application of computer technology in e-commerce,described the importance of computer technology in e-commerce.

  13. 探析如何构建电子商务专业创新实践型人才培养体系%Analysis on how to construct the innovative practical talents training system of electronic commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗雷; 王晓东

    2015-01-01

    With therapid development of network technology,e-commerce has become increasingly developed. Electronic commerce is a new type of compound application discipline,which integrates the knowledge of many disciplines to form a relatively broad knowledge network.Today,electronic commerce is not only involved in the network technology,but also with the transaction,marketing,finance,human and other aspects of economic management knowledge.Electronic commerce professional practitioners are required to have strong practical ability and innovative ability,so in the process of building, our primary to solve the following problems:how to books on the application of theoretical knowledge in the actual development of the enterprise? How to overcome thinking and broaden their horizons?How can improve the learning interest in e-commerce?In this paper,we will analyze these problems,and analyze the construction of personnel training system,and put forward the relevant methods to improve the quality of the training of innovative talents in electronic commerce.%随着网络技术的快速发展,电子商务也随之日益发展起来.电子商务是一门新型的复合型应用学科,它融合了多个学科的知识从而形成一个较为广泛的知识网络.如今,电子商务不仅涉及网络技术,还与交易 、营销 、财务 、人力等各方面经济管理知识息息相关.电子商务专业的从业人员要求具有较强的实践能力和创新能力,所以,在构建的过程中,我们首要解决以下问题:①怎样才能把书本上的理论知识应用在企业的实际发展中?②如何克服思维定势以及拓宽自己的视野?③怎么样才能提高对电子商务学习的兴趣?本文将针对提出的这些问题,分析人才培养体系的构建,并提出相关方法,提高电子商务专业创新实践型人才培养的质量.

  14. Donor–acceptor graphene-based hybrid materials facilitating photo-induced electron-transfer reactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasios Stergiou

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Graphene research and in particular the topic of chemical functionalization of graphene has exploded in the last decade. The main aim is to increase the solubility and thereby enhance the processability of the material, which is otherwise insoluble and inapplicable for technological applications when stacked in the form of graphite. To this end, initially, graphite was oxidized under harsh conditions to yield exfoliated graphene oxide sheets that are soluble in aqueous media and amenable to chemical modifications due to the presence of carboxylic acid groups at the edges of the lattice. However, it was obvious that the high-defect framework of graphene oxide cannot be readily utilized in applications that are governed by charge-transfer processes, for example, in solar cells. Alternatively, exfoliated graphene has been applied toward the realization of some donor–acceptor hybrid materials with photo- and/or electro-active components. The main body of research regarding obtaining donor–acceptor hybrid materials based on graphene to facilitate charge-transfer phenomena, which is reviewed here, concerns the incorporation of porphyrins and phthalocyanines onto graphene sheets. Through illustrative schemes, the preparation and most importantly the photophysical properties of such graphene-based ensembles will be described. Important parameters, such as the generation of the charge-separated state upon photoexcitation of the organic electron donor, the lifetimes of the charge-separation and charge-recombination as well as the incident-photon-to-current efficiency value for some donor–acceptor graphene-based hybrids, will be discussed.

  15. Potenziale des Mobile Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Turowski, Klaus

    2004-01-01

    Potenziale des Mobile Commerce / B. Bazijanec, K. Turowski. - In: Mobile economy : 4. Workshop Mobile Commerce, 02.-03. Februar 2004, Univ. Augsburg / Key Pousttchi ... (Hrsg.). - Bonn : Ges. für Informatik, 2004. - S. 7-11. - (GI-Edition : Proceedings ; 42)

  16. The Development Path of Cross-border-Electronic-Commerce in China Based on SWOT Analysis%基于SWOT分析的我国跨境电商发展路径研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭卫萍; 王丽霞

    2015-01-01

    跨境电商从在我国出现到目前为止,发展迅速,目前已经成为我国进出口贸易的重要组成部分。本文采用SWOT分析法对我国跨境电商的优势、劣势、机会和威胁进行分析,在明确我国跨境电商自身的优势和劣势以及外部的机会和威胁的情况下,从物流、产品、政策以及平台四个层面对我国跨境电商未来的发展路径指明方向。%From the appearance to now, Cross-border-Electronic-Commerce has a rapid development in China, and it has become an important part of China's import and export trade. This paper uses SWOT analysis to analyze the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of Cross-border-Electronic-Commerce, on this basis, and points out the direction of the future development path of Cross-border-Electronic-Commerce from logistics, product, policy and platform four levels.

  17. Research on the Bottleneck Problem of China’s Cross-Border Electronic Commerce%中国跨境电子商务发展的“痛点”分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文瑞

    2015-01-01

    近年来,随着经济全球化和电子商务的快速发展,跨境电子商务成为国际贸易的新方式。相较于传统贸易,中国跨境电子商务交易规模不断扩大,并保持连续性的高速增长,但同时,跨境电子商务也面临着诸如支付、物流、报关、商检、售后等诸多“痛点”。因此,亟需通过建设跨境电子商务产业园区,创新跨境物流服务,发挥跨境创牌优势,培养全面发展型人才,重构跨境电子商务适用规则等措施来推动中国跨境电子商务进一步的发展。%Recently,cross-border e-commerce became the new way of international trade with economic globalization and the rapid development of electronic commerce. Compared with the traditional trade,China’s cross-border e-commerce transactions expand continually and keep the continuous high-speed growth. At the same time,cross-border e-commerce is faced with some pain points such as payment,logistics,customs clearance,commodity inspection and after sales. Therefore, we urgently need to take some measures,like the construction of cross-border e-commerce industrial park,cross-border logistics service innovation,giving full play to the advantages of cross-border brand,cultivating comprehensive talent, refactoring applicable cross-border e-commerce rules,so as to promote the further development of Chinese cross-border electronic commerce.

  18. Grocery E-commerce

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kornum, Niels; Bjerre, Mogens

    This book attempts to shed light on why it is so difficult to develop and maintain successful businesses in the grocery e-commerce arena. Within the last five years, "Grocery e-commerce" has experienced both consistent successes such as Tesco.com and irrevocable failures such as Webvan.com. Niels...... Kornum and Mogens Bjerre bring key researchers together to investigate the factors contributing to the success of "Grocery e-commerce", particularly in countries that had the earliest and most extensive experiences in this field: the USA, the UK and Scandinavia. The authors argue that "Grocery e-commerce...... country comparisons and new empirical evidence in order to address the long-term prospects for the survival of "Grocery e-commerce". Recommendations as to how managers should respond to its challenges are also made. Academics, students and researchers focussing on marketing, consumer behaviour, logistics...

  19. An eCommerce Development Case: Your Company's eCommerce Web Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballenger, Robert M.

    2007-01-01

    This case provides a real-world semester long project-oriented case study for students enrolled in an electronic commerce course that has a significant development component. The case provides the technical framework in the form of functional requirements for students to design and build a fully functional transaction processing e-commerce Web…

  20. An eCommerce Development Case: Your Company's eCommerce Web Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballenger, Robert M.

    2007-01-01

    This case provides a real-world semester long project-oriented case study for students enrolled in an electronic commerce course that has a significant development component. The case provides the technical framework in the form of functional requirements for students to design and build a fully functional transaction processing e-commerce Web…

  1. M-Commerce: Global Experiences and Perspectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dholakia, Nikhilesh; Rask, Morten; Dholakia, Ruby

    -Pacific - and highlights several countries from each region. These countries are significant because of their large existing base of mobile telecom users, their future potential, their innovativeness in mobile telecom technology development, and their leadership in launching new mobile applications. M-Commerce: Global......-theoretical framework. These four core functions underlie various mobile telecommunications services offered worldwide. This conceptual framework facilitates a deeper understanding of the effective business strategies for m-commerce.......M-Commerce: Global Experiences and Perspectives focuses on the emerging growth of mobile telecommunications and mobile commerce around the world. To provide a global perspective, this book describes approaches from three major regions of the world - North America, Europe, and Asia...

  2. Getting real about virtual commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, P; Wurster, T S

    1999-01-01

    In its first generation, electronic commerce has been a landgrab. Space on the Internet was claimed by whoever got there first with enough resources to create a credible business. It took speed, a willingness to experiment, and a lot of cybersavvy. Companies that had performed brilliantly in traditional settings seemed hopelessly flat-footed on the Web. And despite their astronomical valuations, the new e-commerce stars have appeared to be just as confused. Many have yet to make a profit, and no one has any idea when they will. Now, the authors contend, we are entering the second generation of e-commerce, and it will be shaped more by strategy than by experimentation. The key players--branded-goods suppliers, physical retailers, electronic retailers, and pure navigators--will shift their attention from claiming territory to defending or capturing it. They will be forced to focus on strategies to achieve competitive advantage. Success will go to the businesses that get closest to consumers, the ones that help customers navigate their way through the Web. Indeed, the authors argue, navigation is the battlefield on which competitive advantage will be won or lost. There are three dimensions of navigation: Reach is about access and connection. Affiliation is about whose interests the business represents. And richness is the depth of the information that a business gives to or collects about its customers. Navigators and e-retailers have the natural advantage in reach and affiliation, while traditional product suppliers and retailers have the edge in richness. The authors offer practical advice to each player on competing in the second generation of e-commerce.

  3. E-commerce strategy

    CERN Document Server

    Qin, Zheng; Li, Shundong; Li, Fengxiang

    2014-01-01

    This book helps deepen understanding of key e-commerce strategies. It brings together theoretical perspectives based on academic research, integrated use of technologies and a large amount of cases, especially those of China.

  4. From EDI to Internet Commerce: The BHP Steel Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Caroline; Swatman, Paula M. C.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the issue of business-to-business electronic commerce implementation and the factors affecting it. Discusses electronic data interchange technology, describes the results of a case study of BHP Steel (Australia), and considers paradigm shifts in implementation issues related to electronic commerce that occur over time. (Author/LRW)

  5. 吉林省电子商务物流竞争力研究%Research on Logistics Competitiveness of Electronic Commerce in Jilin Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李楠

    2016-01-01

    Through the selection of Liaoning,Heilongjiang,Shanxi and other provinces as a reference,the e -commerce logistics competitiveness of Jilin Province,a comprehensive evaluation of Jilin Province to find the shortcomings of electrical business logistics.In view of the existing problems,the government should focus on the logistics infrastructure construction,the development of e-commerce in the province and the training of logistics professionals,etc.,to enhance the competitiveness of Jilin Province e-commerce logistics.%通过选取辽宁、黑龙江、山西等省作为参考,对吉林省电子商务物流竞争力进行综合评价,查找吉林省电商物流的短板。针对存在的问题,提出政府应重点关注物流基础设施建设、电子商务在省内的发展以及物流专业人才的培养等几方面,全面提升吉林省电子商务物流的竞争力。

  6. Negative electron-transfer dissociation nLC-MS/MS facilitates the analysis of thousands of acidic peptides

    OpenAIRE

    McAlister, Graeme C.; Russell, Jason D.; Rumachik, Neil G.; Hebert, Alexander S.; Syka, John E. P.; Geer, Lewis Y.; Westphall, Michael S.; Pagliarini, David J; Coon, Joshua J.

    2012-01-01

    We describe the first implementation of negative electron-transfer dissociation (NETD) on a hybrid ion trap-orbitrap mass spectrometer and its application to high-throughput sequencing of peptide anions. NETD – coupled with high pH separations, negative electrospray ionization (ESI), and an NETD compatible version of OMSSA – is part of a complete workflow that includes the formation, interrogation and sequencing of peptide anions. Together these interlocking pieces facilitated the identificat...

  7. Business ethics in E-commerce

    OpenAIRE

    NGUYEN, Khanh

    2016-01-01

    The thesis studies about business ethics generally and business ethics implementation in E-commerce particularly. The main objective of the thesis is to explore how ethics is implemented in electronic business, hence research problems are those following: which kinds of ethical issues organizations have to deal with when doing online commerce; what are opportunities and challenges regards to ethics they have and how they manage them. The thesis is inclined to exploit aspects from organization...

  8. Software Technology for E-Commerce Era

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The rapid growth of Internet usage and electronic commerce(e-commerce) applica t ions will push traditional industries to transform their business models and to re-engineer their information systems. This direction will give the software in d ustry either great opportunities for their business growth or crucial challenges to their existence. This article describes two essential challenges the softwar e industry will face and presents relevant new technologies that will be helpful for overcoming those challenges.

  9. Business ethics in E-commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Khanh

    2016-01-01

    The thesis studies about business ethics generally and business ethics implementation in E-commerce particularly. The main objective of the thesis is to explore how ethics is implemented in electronic business, hence research problems are those following: which kinds of ethical issues organizations have to deal with when doing online commerce; what are opportunities and challenges regards to ethics they have and how they manage them. The thesis is inclined to exploit aspects from organization...

  10. Unique Features of Mobile Commerce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Xiaojun; IIJIMA Junichi; HO Sho

    2004-01-01

    While the market potentials and impacts of web-based e-commerce are still in the ascendant, the advances in wireless technologies and mobile networks have brought about a new business opportunity and research attention, what is termed mobile commerce. Commonly, mobile commerce is considered to be another new application of existing web-based e-commerce onto wireless networks, but as an independent business area, mobile commerce has its own advantages and challenges as opposed to traditional e-commerce applications. This paper focuses on exploring the unique features of mobile commerce as. Compared with traditional e-commerce. Also, there are still some limitations arisen in m-commerce in contrast to web-based e-commerce. Finally, current state of mobile commerce in Japan is presented in brief, with an introduction of several cases involving mobile commerce applications in today 's marketplace.

  11. 陕西省农产品电子商务风险评价模型构建%The construction of Shaanxi Province agricultural product electronic commerce risk evaluation model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈清风

    2013-01-01

    陕西省农产品电子商务发展模式主要有,网络中介主导的综合性大宗农产品的水平B2B模式;龙头企业主导的专业化垂直B2B模式;以及在陕西农产品中最多的B2C模式。但是,从陕西农产品电子商务的发展情况来看,陕西资源丰富的农产品和与之所相应的产业优势并没有能够达到预期的农业商品所应该具备的优势和在农业市场上所表现出来的突出优势,主要是电子商务应用不到位。通过构建农产品电子商务风险评价模型--灰色多层次分析法,为陕西省农产品电子商务的发展服务。%The Shaanxi Province agricultural product electronic commerce development model,network intermediary leading comprehensive agricultural commodities level B2B mode;B2B mode of vertical leading enterprise specialized in agricultural products in Shaanxi;and most of the B2C model.However,from the development situation of Shaanxi agricultural product electronic commerce's point of view,Shaanxi is rich in resources of agricultural products and the corresponding industrial advantage has not achieved the expected agricultural commodity should have the advantage and the performance in the agricultural market out of the outstanding advantages,is mainly applied in electro ic commerce is not in place.Through the construction of agricultural product electronic commerce risk evaluation model -- grey multi hierarchical analysis method, to serve the development of e-commerce of agricultural products in Shaanxi province.

  12. EXTENDIENDO EL MODELO e-SCARF DE DETECCIÓN DE FRAUDE EN SISTEMAS DE COMERCIO ELECTRÓNICO EXTENDING THE e-SCARF MODEL FOR FRAUD DETECTION ON ELECTRONIC COMMERCE SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Arias

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se extiende un modelo existente de detección de fraude, denominado SCARF, el cual está basado en una técnica de auditoría concurrente que consiste en la inserción de rutinas de auditoría dentro de un programa de aplicación, en este caso un sistema de comercio electrónico. Estas rutinas capturan datos de las transacciones electrónicas y son comparados con reglas que un usuario auditor ha definido previamente para detectar posibles transacciones fraudulentas. Para extender el modelo se incorporan como requerimientos la evaluación y sugerencias que un conjunto de 15 auditores realizaron a una segunda versión del modelo, denominada e-SCARF, así como también se incluyen mejoras propuestas por los autores de este trabajo. Para validar el modelo extendido, éste se ha implementado para que funcione en conjunto con una plataforma de comercio electrónico de pruebas y un conjunto de usuarios de distintos países han realizado la simulación de compras en dicha tienda. El producto principal de este trabajo es un modelo extendido, más robusto en sus funcionalidades que sus antecesores, con cambios en la estructura de datos, y nuevos operadores de reglas. Otro producto es el prototipo que lo implementa para una plataforma de comercio electrónico actual.In this work we extend a fraud detection model, called SCARF, which is based on a concurrent auditing technique that consists of inserting auditing procedures within an application program; in this case, an electronic commerce system. These procedures undertake the capture of electronic transactions data, which is compared with rules that are previously defined by an auditor with the purpose of detecting fraudulent transactions. To extend this model, we have a set of some requirements: 1 suggestions from a group of 15 auditors that evaluated the second version of this model, called e-SCARF; 2 improvements proposed by the authors of this work. To evaluate the extended model, we

  13. Brief notations on the electronic commerce Breves anotações sobre o comércio eletrônico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Barbon Lewis

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available This study verifies the aspects of the business concentration in the electronic commerce. For that, primarily, an analysis of these companies’ role in the global context is made, starting from technological advances as well as from the new world situation that both presented to them. The instantaneous flow of information made possible by the Internet as well as the high level of competitiveness introduced by the world-wide order, both led the economy agents to seek inside the online business for a new perspective of both expanding to a new market and international business. After this first step, we move to identifying the formation, sprouting, development, and legal definition of the online business in order to understand its characteristics e modalities; to observe the structure of the online market and discuss the transition of a conventional economy model to a new electronic or digital model; to question the existence of an online or virtual company starting from the development of the Teoria da Empresa as well as its way the way of work of the company in the web. After this initial contingencies are covered, the aim of the present work was to focus on the business concentration which foments the corporation development, but also represents a problem of great economic repercussions. Being so, search was made throughout the legal literature, for the existent types of corporation concentration, and throughout Brazilian Antitrust Law, for the regulation on this concentration, especially, in the Article 54 of the 8,884/94 act which predicts the regulation on acts and contracts that may lead to a corporation concentration. After the presentation of the online transaction models made by the corporations, it was observed, in pratical cases, the potential business concentration as well as the difficulties of relating and applying the Brazilian Antitrust Law in these cases. Thus, before the endless resources made possible by the Internet and the

  14. DEVELOPMENT OF E-COMMERCE IN EUROPE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUNTEANU ALIN DANIEL

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Among the many potential benefits of electronic commerce include lower prices, access to a wider range of goods, development of innovative services and creating jobs. Online purchases represent about 3% of European retail trade. But the development of uniform electronic markets still face numerous obstacles.

  15. Countermeasure Research on Rapid Development of Electronic Commerce in Express Industry%快递行业应对电子商务快速发展的对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙颖荪; 李刚

    2013-01-01

    China’s electronic commerce industry has entered a period of rapid development,and the competition between e-commerce enterprises has been very intense.All this brings higher requirements for the express service quality and will cause the promotion of express industry from development of scale to quality.Express enterprises can expand their service network,improve the professional level of service,and increase the merger and reorganization among enterprises and the integration with e-commerce enterprises to meet the demand of industry development.%中国的电子商务行业进入了一个高速发展的时期,电子商务企业之间的竞争已经非常激烈,对于快递服务质量有了更高要求,这就使得快递行业要从规模发展向质量提升进行转变。快递企业可以从迅速扩大网络、提高服务专业化水平、加大企业间的兼并重组和加大与电子商务企业融合来应对行业发展的诉求。

  16. M-commerce

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulhøi, John Parm; Jørgensen, Frances

    2009-01-01

    Når små og mellemstore virksomheder (SMVer [F1] ) vover sig ud i nye forretningsmuligheder, som baserer sig på mobile devices via trådløs kommunikation med et forretningsmæssigt formål for øje eller 'Mobile Commerce' (M-commerce), skal de være meget dygtige til både at udnytte forkantsteknologier...... af disse netværk som en central del af nye M-commerce forretningsmodeller for SMVer og at redegøre for de foreløbige resultater fra projektets indledende fase. Projektets formål er at udforske, beskrive og facilitere udviklingen af nye forretningsmodeller for M-commerce i danske SMVer. Data er blevet...... indsamlet gennem dybdeinterview. Artiklen bidrager til teori om M-commerce forretningsmodeller, og i særdeleshed, modeller der karakteriseres af intenst netværkssamarbejde.   [F1] Jeg er ikke overbevist, at vi ikke skulle bruge SMEs, da det er meget mere kendt, også herhjemme....

  17. M-commerce

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulhøi, John Parm; Jørgensen, Frances

    2009-01-01

    Når små og mellemstore virksomheder (SMVer [F1] ) vover sig ud i nye forretningsmuligheder, som baserer sig på mobile devices via trådløs kommunikation med et forretningsmæssigt formål for øje eller 'Mobile Commerce' (M-commerce), skal de være meget dygtige til både at udnytte forkantsteknologier...... af disse netværk som en central del af nye M-commerce forretningsmodeller for SMVer og at redegøre for de foreløbige resultater fra projektets indledende fase. Projektets formål er at udforske, beskrive og facilitere udviklingen af nye forretningsmodeller for M-commerce i danske SMVer. Data er blevet...... indsamlet gennem dybdeinterview. Artiklen bidrager til teori om M-commerce forretningsmodeller, og i særdeleshed, modeller der karakteriseres af intenst netværkssamarbejde.   [F1] Jeg er ikke overbevist, at vi ikke skulle bruge SMEs, da det er meget mere kendt, også herhjemme....

  18. The research of the risk of electronic banking system based on e-commerce payment system%基于电子商务支付体系的电子银行系统风险分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜霖

    2013-01-01

    Electronic banking is a new concept,to provide customers financial services away from the cabinet,including telephone banking,mobile phonebanking,online banking,self-service banks and so on.With advance in computer network,and the rapid development of e-commerce,e-commerce payment system construction already has rudiment,and participate in the various business in the electronic banking system.This article based on the construction of e-commerce system to analyse the risk of electronic banking system,finally generalize the corresponding risk avoidance strategy.%电子银行是一个新概念,向客户提供离柜金融服务。主要包括电话银行、手机银行、网上银行、自助银行以及其他离柜业务。随着计算机网络通讯技术的日新月异以及电子商务的迅猛发展,电子商务支付体系的构建已初具雏形,并参与到电子银行系统各项业务中来,本文在对电子商务体系进行构建的基础上对电子银行系统风险进行分析,并归纳出相应的风险规避策略。

  19. Exploration of Compound Talents Cultivation Paths of Medical Beauty Products Cross-border Electronic Commerce Platform%医疗美容产品跨境电商平台复合型人才培养路径探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈静静

    2016-01-01

    本文以我国跨境电商平台发展为背景,简要介绍了医疗美容行业跨境电子商务发展现状,分析了医疗美容产品跨境电商平台人才需求,以市场需求、社会需求为导向,分析了我国医疗美容产品跨境电商平台人才培养困境,并从人才培养模式、人才培养机制、人才培养具体措施三个路径进行探索,提出医疗美容产品跨境电商平台复合型人才培养建议。%This paper is based on the development of China's cross-border electric business platform as the background, bri-efly describes the status of cross-border electronic commerce development of the medical beauty industry, analyzes the talent needs of medical beauty products cross-border electronic business platform, and analyzes the talents plight, then explores the paths from talent cultivation mode, system and measures, then proposes compound talent cultivation recommendations for cross-border electronic commerce products business platform.

  20. 中小型农业企业电子商务成熟度研究%Study on Electronic Commerce Maturity of Small and Medium-sized Agricultural Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴一蕾; 薛万欣; 杨春雨; 苏勇

    2012-01-01

    This article advances the concept of electronic commerce maturity of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, and establishes the indicator system of electronic commerce maturity of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. This indicator system includes 4 first-level indicators (infrastructure,transaction process,operation management,and transaction safety) ,which are divided into 11 second-level indicators (hardware equipment, computer network, e-procurement, logistics distribution, supply chain management, customer relationship management, and payment security). We use analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to determine the weight of indicator at all levels,and establish fuzzy multifactorial evaluation mathematical model of electronic commerce maturity of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. Finally,through examples,we verify the rationality and reliability of evaluation method of electronic commerce maturity of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises combining analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and fuzzy multifactorial evaluation.%提出了中小型农业企业电子商务成熟度的概念,建立了评估中小型农业企业电子商务成熟度的指标体系,该指标体系包括基础设施、交易流程、运营管理、交易安全4个一级指标,下设硬件设备、计算机网络、电子采购、物流配送、供应链管理、客户关系管理、支付安全等11个二级指标.采用层次分析法确定了各级指标的权重,构建了中小型农业企业电子商务成熟度模糊综合评价的数学模型.最后通过实例验证了层次分析法与模糊综合评价相结合的中小型农业企业电子商务成熟度评价方法的合理性与可靠性.

  1. Optimization of Electronic Commerce Authentication Protocol Based on QoS Quantitative Assessment%基于QoS量化评估的电子商务认证协议优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彩霞

    2016-01-01

    通过对电子商务的认证协议进行优化设计,可以提高电子商务商家的服务质量( QoS)。当前方法多采用多地址差错控制协议对电子商务进行认证,随着服务对象数量的增加和数据链路规模的扩大,准确度会大幅下降。提出基于最小竞争窗口树形层状拓扑的电子商务认证协议,实现对商家的QoS量化评估。构建电子商务认证协议的网络结构模型和数据传输模型,对商家的服务质量QoS信息进行信息模型构建和预测算法描述,引入最小竞争窗口树形层状拓扑改进对电子商务认证协议进行优化。实验结果表明,采用该方法进行商家的QoS量化评估,具有较好的服务质量预测能力,可以准确指导商家改善服务质量,提高线上交易的安全性和可靠性,展示了较好的应用价值。%Through the study of the optimization design of the authentication protocol of electronic commerce, can improve the quality of service ( QoS) of e-commerce businesses. Current method with multiple address error control protocol for electronic commerce certification, with the increase of number of the service object and the ex-pansion of data link, its accuracy will have fallen sharply. Based on minimum contention window of tree layer topol-ogy electronic commerce authentication protocol was proposed, to realize QoS quantitative evaluation to the busi-nessman. Construction of electronic commerce network structure model of authentication protocol and the data trans-mission model, quality of service QoS information of business information model building and forecasting algorithm is described, the introduction of minimum contention window tree layer topology improved authentication protocol is optimized to the electronic commerce. The experimental results show that the QoS of quantitative evaluation using this method to the businessman, has good prediction ability, service quality can accurately guide the

  2. Using Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy To Facilitate Problem Solving in Pharmaceutical Research and Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangion, Ian; Liu, Yizhou; Reibarkh, Mikhail; Williamson, R Thomas; Welch, Christopher J

    2016-08-19

    As new chemical methodologies driven by single-electron chemistry emerge, process and analytical chemists must develop approaches to rapidly solve problems in this nontraditional arena. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy has been long known as a preferred technique for the study of paramagnetic species. However, it is only recently finding application in contemporary pharmaceutical development, both to study reactions and to track the presence of undesired impurities. Several case studies are presented here to illustrate its utility in modern pharmaceutical development efforts.

  3. Web Security, Privacy & Commerce

    CERN Document Server

    Garfinkel, Simson

    2011-01-01

    Since the first edition of this classic reference was published, World Wide Web use has exploded and e-commerce has become a daily part of business and personal life. As Web use has grown, so have the threats to our security and privacy--from credit card fraud to routine invasions of privacy by marketers to web site defacements to attacks that shut down popular web sites. Web Security, Privacy & Commerce goes behind the headlines, examines the major security risks facing us today, and explains how we can minimize them. It describes risks for Windows and Unix, Microsoft Internet Exp

  4. 78 FR 64202 - Meeting To Discuss Lessons Learned From Commerce Spectrum Management Advisory Committee Working...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-28

    ... National Telecommunications and Information Administration Meeting To Discuss Lessons Learned From Commerce... ``lessons learned'' from NTIA's Commerce Spectrum Management Advisory Committee (CSMAC or Committee) Working... meeting, NTIA will facilitate a forum for the CSMAC Working Group participants to discuss lessons...

  5. 传统市场电子商务转型方式研究--以关林市场为例%Research on the Transformation Method of Electronic Commerce in Traditional Market--Taking Guanlin Market as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱海; 张京尧

    2016-01-01

    At present, there are some issues of lacking brand strategy, low value-added products, single marketing mode, and limited logistics existing in Henan traditional market. During the transformation process to electronic commerce, the development mode and strategy of traditional market are different due to the different degree of regionalinformanization. During the transformation and construction of electronic commerce platform, we should make reasonable project scope and construction plan in reference on the development strategy of do⁃mestic similar markets. This paper gives the construction aim, objective, phased implementation plan, and safe⁃guard measures of e-commerce platform project in Guanlin,which will provide reference for similar industries and regions.%目前,河南省传统市场存在品牌战略缺失、产品附加值低、营销模式单一、物流受限等问题。传统市场在进行向电子商务转型的过程中,根据地域信息化程度的不同,发展方式和策略也有所不同。在电子商务平台转型和建设过程中,应在借鉴国内同类市场发展战略的基础上,制定合理的项目范围和建设计划。本文给出了关林电子商务平台项目的建设宗旨、目标与分阶段实施计划、保障措施,对相似行业和地区有借鉴意义。

  6. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE INFORMATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Experience Japan The Japanese Chamber of Commerce and Industry will further promote its Japan-experience program and seek cooperation with various Chinese institutions.Between early May and June 2007,the chamber organized a Chinese college student delegation to Japan with the support from its members in China.

  7. Facilitating Vocabulary Acquisition of Children with Cochlear Implants Using Electronic Storybooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messier, Jane; Wood, Carla

    2015-01-01

    The present intervention study explored the word learning of 18 children with cochlear implants in response to E-book instruction. Capitalizing on the multimedia options available in electronic storybooks, the intervention incorporated videos and definitions to provide a vocabulary intervention that includes evidence-based teaching strategies. The…

  8. Facilitating Vocabulary Acquisition of Children with Cochlear Implants Using Electronic Storybooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messier, Jane; Wood, Carla

    2015-01-01

    The present intervention study explored the word learning of 18 children with cochlear implants in response to E-book instruction. Capitalizing on the multimedia options available in electronic storybooks, the intervention incorporated videos and definitions to provide a vocabulary intervention that includes evidence-based teaching strategies. The…

  9. Unique Power Electronics and Drives Experimental Bench (PEDEB) to Facilitate Learning and Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anand, S.; Farswan, R. S.; Fernandes, B. G.

    2012-01-01

    Experimentation is important for learning and research in the field of power electronics and drives. However, a great deal of equipment is required to study the various topologies, controllers, and functionalities. Thus, the cost of establishing good laboratories and research centers is high. To address this problem, the authors have developed a…

  10. 中职电子商务人才培养教学模式研究%Research on the teaching mode of electronic commerce talents training in Secondary Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓云; 潘万林

    2016-01-01

    The rapid development of the information age, bringing the large demand of talent of electronic business affairs situation. In the face of new opportunities and challenges, the secondary vocational school how to adjust teaching plan, for the development of secondary vocational school students future career plays an important role. In this paper, through the electronic commerce development present situation analysis of the current society, and puts forward the strategies for the implementation of the three teaching modes, help to cultivate the innovative, skill type, complex type and comprehensive development of e-commerce talent.%现代化信息时代的飞速发展,带来了电子商务人才大量需求的局面。中职学校在新的机遇和挑战面前如何调整教学计划,对于中职生的未来职业生涯的发展起着重要的作用。本文通过对当前社会电子商务的发展现状分析,提出了三种教学模式的实施策略,有助于培养创新型、技能型、复合型等全面发展的中职电子商务人才。

  11. Electronic Commerce Trade Evaluation Model Combined with Objective Risk%一种结合客观风险的电子商务交易评估模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫志诚; 邵堃; 刘磊

    2012-01-01

    提出一种将主观信任和客观风险相结合的电子商务交易评估模型.综合信任度和风险度得到交易可接受度,将其作为节点是否进行交易的决策依据,融合影响节点交易的主客观因素,以提高节点行为判断的准确性,并避免恶意节点的攻击.实验结果表明,该模型可以有效提高网络交易决策的安全性.%This paper proposes a novel electronic commerce evaluation model combined with subjective trust factor and objective risk factor. The model synthesizes trust and risk to acquire the acceptable extent which is used to decide whether bargain or not. This new model gives full consideration to subjective and objective factors that affect trading process, which can improve the accuracy of decision-making, and prevent attacks of malicious entities effectively. Experimental results show that the new electronic commerce evaluation model can effectively improve the security of making online trade.

  12. Facilitating knowledge integration in science through electronic discussion: The Multimedia Forum Kiosk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsi, Sherry Hsiao-Rai

    Can electronic discussion improve scientific discourse among students, support knowledge integration, and enhance students' conceptual understanding? This study investigates these questions using an environment called the Multimedia Forum Kiosk (MFK). When students are in the process of learning science, they draw on their intuitions, learn to distinguish between conflicting accounts, and integrate alternative explanations for scientific phenomena. Effective science instruction cultivates initial understanding, introduces alternate models more consistent with normative models, and supports a dynamic process of knowledge integration that links separate ideas into a cohesive web of connections. I hypothesize that electronic discussion can contribute to knowledge integration in science by providing a new social context for learning that prompts students to articulate their ideas and makes ideas visible for teacher inspection. Through peer-to-peer interactions like asking questions, requesting clarification, revising interpretations, or elaborating ideas, students learn both the limits and utility of different models to explain scientific phenomena. These on-line social interactions support knowledge integration by helping to broaden students' initial repertoire of models, demonstrating personal utility for particular ideas, and encouraging students to refine their understanding of science. Does discussion in MFK achieve these goals? Electronic discussion in MFK affords greater opportunities to discuss science concepts compared to face-to-face discussion. Electronic discussion is also more gender equitable. MFK helps students progress in their ability to elaborate, explain, and ask pertinent questions, and provides a diversity of scientific models articulated by peers. Factors in the social context such as comment attribution, community social norms, and peer collaboration, enabled high participation and knowledge integration. This research (1) characterizes design

  13. Building eCommerce sites with Drupal commerce cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Carter, Richard

    2013-01-01

    Building eCommerce Sites with Drupal Commerce Cookbook is written in a helpful, practical style with numerous hands-on recipes to help you build attractive eCommerce sites.This book is primarily for store owners and web designers with little or no experience of Drupal and Drupal Commerce who want to build and customise a store in Drupal Commerce. You will have a basic knowledge of websites, but you don't need to be familiar with Drupal or PHP. However, this book would also suit experienced Drupal and Ubercart users who want to migrate to or build a Drupal Commerce store

  14. Information Requirements and Consumer Protection in Future M-Commerce

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cleff, Evelyne Beatrix; Henschel, Rene Franz

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this article is to discuss information requirements and consumer protection in mobile commerce. On the basis of a brief introduction to the characteristics of mobile commerce and the regulatory framework that governs mobile commerce in the European Union today, the article presents...... and discusses information requirements of particular interest to m-commerce and how the technological development facilitates but also challenges the traditional way in which legal information is given. In order to prevent over-regulation and hindrances to the technological development, it has been suggested...

  15. Research on the Right of Consumer’ s Regret in Electronic Commerce%论电子商务中消费者后悔权之建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王涵

    2014-01-01

    With the development of digital technology , e-commerce has become a new mode of business .Re-gret right is a basic system of modern consumption , and in the legal system of China there is no regret right system . From the discussion of the theoretical definition of regret right in e-commerce , the establishment of regret right in China ’ s legal system is necessary .To build up this system , the choice of legislation mode and content design should be referring to the cases of other countries .And the provisions can be expressed as follows , “Consumers have the right in written form within seven days from the date of receiving the goods to inform the operator returns the date on the network, television, telephone, mail order sales of non fixed place of goods , business operators shall return the payment within seven days from the date of the return of good from the consumer .%伴随着数字化技术的不断发展,电子商务成为一种新兴的商业模式。后悔权制度是现代消费领域的一项基本制度,而我国法律体系中尚未有真正意义上的后悔权。从电子商务中的后悔权的理论界定讨论,在中国当前后悔权的确立是有其必要性的。我国建立后悔权制度在立法模式的选择与立法内容设计上应当参照其他国家的案例,依据我国现实状况,消费者维权的条文可以表述为:“消费者对网络、电视、电话、邮购等非固定场所销售的商品有权自收到商品之日起七日内以书面形式告知经营者退货,经营者应当自收到退回货物之日起七日内返还消费者支付的价款。”

  16. 电子商务系统内的人力资源管理模式解析%The analytic model of human resource management in electronic commerce system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斌

    2013-01-01

      企业人力资源管理工作在现代电子商务环境下呈现出多方面的电子化新特征,且较之于传统的人力资源管理工作有非常多显著的优势可言,基本上已经成为了企业获取更大成功的基本导向。电子商务系统内的人力资源管理新模式E-HR就是在这样一种背景下应运而生的,E-HR管理模式不仅已经成为了众多企业发展的趋势,而且在实际应用的过程当中也已经给企业带来了非常多的利益。本文正是在此背景之下对电子商务系统内的人力资源管理模式E-HR进行解析,希望能够对其有更深入的理解并更好的应用到实践当中去。%The enterprise human resources management in modern electronic commerce environment presents many new characteristics of the electron,and compared with the traditional human resource management has many significant advantages,basically has become a basic guide for more successful enterprises.E-HR is a new mode of human resource management system emerge as the times require electronic commerce is in such a background,the E-HR management model not only has become the trend of development of many enterprises, but also in the process of practical application also has to the enterprise has brought a lot of benefits. This paper is analyzed under this background to the electronic commerce system within the human resources management mode of E-HR,the application wishes to have a deeper understanding and better on it into practice.

  17. O2 Binding to Heme is Strongly Facilitated by Near‐Degeneracy of Electronic States

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kepp, Kasper P.

    2013-01-01

    electronic singlet and heptet states for bound and dissociated O2. The experimental activation enthalpy of dissociation (∼82 kJ mol−1) was also accurately computed (∼75 kJ mol−1) with an actual barrier height of ∼60 kJ mol−1 plus a vibrational component of ∼10 and ∼5 kJ mol−1 due to the spin‐forbidden nature......‐forbidden binding of O2 to heme, so fundamental to higher life forms, is fast and reversible....

  18. An Exploratory Investigation of Requisite Skills Needed by Developers of E-Commerce Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aladwani, Adel M.

    The aim of this exploratory study is to identify the skills needed by developers of Electronic Commerce (e-Commerce) systems. The paper proposes a framework pertaining to three categories of e-Commerce development knowledge: technical, human, and organizational. The initial findings reveal that there are some 16 possible e-Commerce skills tapping…

  19. E-Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Kubička, Tomáš

    2013-01-01

    Diploma thesis "E-commerce" aimed to create a suitable solution for marketing mix of the e-shop Levneelektro.cz. Based on performed analyzes I concluded that improvement of a communication with customers is very important for company ELEKTRA PV. I found that a crucial step for maintenance of competitiveness is the foundation of a loyalty program which is responsible for keeping customer loyalty. I have designed two different solutions of the loyalty program that are appropriate for the company.

  20. Protocol of Multi-Node Business in Electronic Commerce%电子商务中的多点交易协议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑轶峰; 宋佳兴; 郭卫华; 刘卫东

    2001-01-01

    In Multi-node business,the agents face risks from dealing with untrusted agents,in order to deal with the risks. We characterize the risks and present a protocol of Multi-node business that mitigates these risks. The protocol algorithm generates a safe sequence of actions that completes a commerce transaction without risk,if such a sequence exists. We show that the protocol algorithm is sound and complete.%在分布式电子商务即多点交易中,由于交易参与者之间的不信任使他们面临着各种交易危险,该文归纳了这些交易危险的特征,并针对交易线上的每个交易点提出了一个多点交易协议算法,在电子商务事务可能完成情况下,这个算法会产生一条安全交易路径来完成多点交易,同时文章证明了这个协议算法的可靠性和完备性。

  1. Facilitating Vocabulary Acquisition of Children With Cochlear Implants Using Electronic Storybooks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messier, Jane; Wood, Carla

    2015-10-01

    The present intervention study explored the word learning of 18 children with cochlear implants in response to E-book instruction. Capitalizing on the multimedia options available in electronic storybooks, the intervention incorporated videos and definitions to provide a vocabulary intervention that includes evidence-based teaching strategies. The extent of the children's word learning was assessed using three assessment tasks: receptive pointing, expressively labeling, and word defining. Children demonstrated greater immediate expressive labeling gains and definition generation gains for words taught in the treatment condition compared to those in the comparison condition. In addition, the children's performance on delayed posttest vocabulary assessments indicated better retention across the expressive vocabulary task for words taught within the treatment condition as compared to the comparison condition. Findings suggest that children with cochlear implants with functional speech perception can benefit from an oral-only multimedia-enhanced intensive vocabulary instruction.

  2. Automatic switching and guidance system to facilitate unassisted uroflowmetry using commercial electronic devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terai, Akito; Ueda, Nobufumi; Utsunomiya, Noriaki; Kohei, Naoki; Aoyama, Teruyoshi; Inoue, Koji

    2006-08-01

    To enable male patients to undergo uroflowmetry in a private condition without medical supervision, we devised an automatic switching and patient guidance system for the spinning disk uroflowmeter Urodyn 1000, using two commercial electronic devices (an infrared motion sensor tap and a memorizable vacuum fluorescent display). Instead of running the uroflowmeter continuously, which shortens the life of the spinning disk due to mechanical wear, an infrared motion sensor turns on the devices each time a patient enters the room. The patient urinates according to the timely instructions on the visible display and voided urine directly flows into a urinal. The devices are automatically turned off 5 min after the patient leaves the room. With the use of our system, men already acquainted with uroflowmetry could perform self-administered uroflowmetry any time in private. The system was considered useful for improving the quality of patient service.

  3. Training as an E-Commerce Enabler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darch, Helen; Lucas, Trevor

    2002-01-01

    An investigation into lack of skills and awareness as barriers to the use of electronic commerce by 20 small- to medium enterprises within the food industry in Queensland, Australia, found that lack of knowledge and technical skills and structural issues are barriers. A range of training and development strategies are needed. (Contains 20…

  4. Training as an E-Commerce Enabler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darch, Helen; Lucas, Trevor

    2002-01-01

    An investigation into lack of skills and awareness as barriers to the use of electronic commerce by 20 small- to medium enterprises within the food industry in Queensland, Australia, found that lack of knowledge and technical skills and structural issues are barriers. A range of training and development strategies are needed. (Contains 20…

  5. Research on the Construction of Teachers Team Based on Electronic Commerce%基于电子商务团队的师资队伍建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童红兵; 姜晓洁; 常志东

    2015-01-01

    Vocational education teacher team is a most weak link for restricting the development of the current vocational education and influencing the teaching quality of vocational education. Without a high level of teacher team, there is no high quality vocational education. In this paper, for the problems existing in the construction of e-commerce teachers team in higher vocational education, combined with the practice, the teachers team construction mode of electronic commerce is proposed.%职教师资队伍是当前制约职业教育发展,影响职业教育教学质量的最为薄弱的一个环节。没有高水平的教师队伍,就没有高质量的职业教育。文章针对高职电子商务师资队伍建设中存在的问题,结合实践,提出基于电商团队的师资队伍建设模式。

  6. Evolutionary Game Analysis on Sharing of Trust Information in B-C Electronic Commerce%B2C电子商务信任信息共享进化博弈分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    南小可; 姚国祥

    2013-01-01

      B2C 电子商务近年来受到广大顾客欢迎,除了商家自营商店外,也不断吸纳了越来越多的商家进驻而丰富市场,形成了商家与 B2C 电子商务的合作网络。目前对 B2C 电子商务信任研究侧重于研究商家信任相关的某些方面,如影响 B2C 电子商务信任的因素、信任的计算模型等。本文针对当前 B2C 电子商务网站中加盟店信任问题进行探讨, B2C 电子商务平台共享加盟商的信任信息可以最大程度地提高电子商务平台对加盟商信任度的评估。从进化博弈论角度进行分析,建立一种信任信息共享模型,并利用动态复制方程分析了其稳定状态及演化趋势,最后分析了信任信息共享的影响因素并讨论相应的对策。%  B2C electronic commerce is becoming more and more popular. In addition to self-employed shop, B2C electronic commerce provides a well-suited platform for many franchiseres to sell their own product and a complex symbiosisy forms among B2C electronic commerce and franchiseres. The current research focuses on some aspects of trust management, such as, the influ-ence factors and the calculation model of trust etc. The paper discusses the sharing of information of trust information in the prob-lem of trust in B2C, which can improve the level of trust effectively. From the view of game theory, the paper puts forwards a model of trust information sharing, analyzes the steady-going state and evolution tendency by replicator dynamics, and analyzes the influence factor in the sharing of trust information.

  7. Based on The Fuzzy Support Vector Machine Electronic Commerce Trade Safety Risk Assessment Method%基于模糊支持向量机的电子商务交易安全风险评估方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍永锋

    2012-01-01

    Face the network electronic transactions, all kinds of fraud information emerge in endlessly, trade risk is more and more big. In order to guarantee the safety of network transactions, and promote the rapid development of electronic commerce. Put forward the support vector machine (SVM) method to predict the risk of e-commerce transactions. Support vector machine can use e-commerce complete the transaction process of accumulating the various valid data, to the future, data to carry on the forecast, accurate evaluation of the future in trading, the different levels of clients face business risk. Through the experiment on a proposed electronic business risk prediction method for calibration show that the method is capable of different network transactions safety for good prediction, the forecasting accuracy is higher, overcome the defects of the traditional method, and more suitable for the current network transactions.%面对网络电子交易中,各种诈骗信息层出不穷,交易风险越来越大.为了保证网络交易的安全,促进电子商务的快速发展.提出了支持向量机的电子商务交易风险预测方法.支持向量机可以利用电子商务完成交易过程中积累的各项有效数据,对未来的数据进行预测,准确评估在未来交易中,不同等级客户面临的交易风险.通过实验对提出的电子商务预测风险方法进行校验表明:该方法能够对不同的网络交易行为安全性进行较好的预测,预测精度较高,克服传统方法的缺陷,更适合当前的网络交易行为.

  8. Mobile Commerce - Anwendung und Perspektiven

    OpenAIRE

    Turowski, Klaus

    2003-01-01

    Mobile Commerce - Anwendung und Perspektiven / 3. Workshop Mobile Commerce, Universität Augsburg, 4.2.2003. Key Pousttchi ... Hrsg.). - Bonn : Ges. für Informatik, 2003. - 142 S. - (GI-Edition : Proceedings ; 25)

  9. The development of a highly constrained health level 7 implementation guide to facilitate electronic laboratory reporting to ambulatory electronic health record systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sujansky, Walter V; Overhage, J Marc; Chang, Sophia; Frohlich, Jonah; Faus, Samuel A

    2009-01-01

    Electronic laboratory interfaces can significantly increase the value of ambulatory electronic health record (EHR) systems by providing laboratory result data automatically and in a computable form. However, many ambulatory EHRs cannot implement electronic laboratory interfaces despite the existence of messaging standards, such as Health Level 7, version 2 (HL7). Among several barriers to implementing laboratory interfaces is the extensive optionality within the HL7 message standard. This paper describes the rationale for and development of an HL7 implementation guide that seeks to eliminate most of the optionality inherent in HL7, but retain the information content required for reporting outpatient laboratory results. A work group of heterogeneous stakeholders developed the implementation guide based on a set of design principles that emphasized parsimony, practical requirements, and near-term adoption. The resulting implementation guide contains 93% fewer optional data elements than HL7. This guide was successfully implemented by 15 organizations during an initial testing phase and has been approved by the HL7 standards body as an implementation guide for outpatient laboratory reporting. Further testing is required to determine whether widespread adoption of the implementation guide by laboratories and EHR systems can facilitate the implementation of electronic laboratory interfaces.

  10. E-commerce vs. e-banking - similarities and differences

    OpenAIRE

    Davcev, Ljupco; Fotov, Risto; Sofijanova, Elenica; Marjanova Jovanov, Tamara

    2014-01-01

    E-commerce consists of buying and selling of information, products and services over computer networks such as the Internet and electronic data interchange(EDI).E-Banking is one form of e – commerce with certain differences and peculiarities that are characteristic only in e-banking. For companies e-commerce brings: variety and low barriers to entry,significant opportunities for cost cutting, capacity for rapid creation of business processes, and great opportunities to sell across the border....

  11. Does e-Commerce Always Increase Social Welfare in the Long Run?

    OpenAIRE

    Nakayama, Yuji; Nishimura, Kiyohiko G.

    2002-01-01

    We examine the effect of electronic commerce ("e-commerce") on social welfare, in the framework of conventional spatial competition models. We consider the case where both conventional and electronic retailers coexist in equilibrium. We show that e-commerce does not necessarily increase social welfare in the long run. In particular, when electronic retailers have clear cost advantage over conventional retailers, then the advent of e-commerce is shown to reduce social welfare.

  12. Does e-Commerce Always Increase Social Welfare in the Long Run?

    OpenAIRE

    Nakayama, Yuji; Nishimura, kiyohiko G.

    2002-01-01

    We examine the effect of electronic commerce ("e-commerce") on social welfare, in the framework of conventional spatial competition models. We consider the case where both conventional and electronic retailers coexist in equilibrium. We show that e-commerce does not necessarily increase social welfare in the long run. In particular, when electronic retailers have clear cost advantage over conventional retailers, then the advent of e-commerce is shown to reduce social welfare.

  13. Electronic learning can facilitate student performance in undergraduate surgical education: a prospective observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorey Thomas

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Our institution recently introduced a novel internet accessible computer aided learning (iCAL programme to complement existing surgical undergraduate teaching methods. On graduation of the first full cycle of undergraduate students to whom this resource was available we assessed the utility of this new teaching facility. Method The computer programme prospectively records usage of the system on an individual user basis. We evaluated the utilisation of the web-based programme and its impact on class ranking changes from an entry-test evaluation to an exit examination in surgery. Results 74.4% of students were able to access iCAL from off-campus internet access. The majority of iCAL usage (64.6% took place during working hours (08:00–18:00 with little usage on the weekend (21.1%. Working hours usage was positively associated with improvement in class rank (P = 0.025, n = 148 but out-of hours usage was not (P = 0.306. Usage during weekdays was associated with improved rank (P = 0.04, whereas weekend usage was not (P = 0.504. There were no significant differences in usage between genders (P = 0.3. Usage of the iCAL system was positively correlated with improvement in class rank from the entry to the exit examination (P = 0.046. Students with lower ranks on entry examination, were found to use the computer system more frequently (P = 0.01. Conclusion Electronic learning complements traditional teaching methods in undergraduate surgical teaching. Its is more frequently used by students achieving lower class ranking with traditional teaching methods, and this usage is associated with improvements in class ranking.

  14. Trial of an electronic decision support system to facilitate shared decision making in community mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woltmann, Emily M; Wilkniss, Sandra M; Teachout, Alexandra; McHugo, Gregory J; Drake, Robert E

    2011-01-01

    Involvement of community mental health consumers in mental health decision making has been consistently associated with improvements in health outcomes. Electronic decision support systems (EDSSs) that support both consumer and provider decision making may be a sustainable way to improve dyadic communication in a field with approximately 50% workforce turnover per year. This study examined the feasibility of such a system and investigated proximal outcomes of the system's performance. A cluster randomized design was used to evaluate an EDSS at three urban community mental health sites. Case managers (N=20) were randomly assigned to the EDSS-supported planning group or to the usual care planning group. Consumers (N=80) were assigned to the same group as their case managers. User satisfaction with the care planning process was assessed for consumers and case managers (possible scores range from 1 to 5, with higher summary scores indicating more satisfaction). Recall of the care plan was assessed for consumers. Linear regression with adjustment for grouping by worker was used to assess satisfaction scores. A Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used to examine knowledge of the care plan. Compared with case managers in the control group, those in the intervention group were significantly more satisfied with the care planning process (mean ± SD score=4.0 ± .5 versus 3.3 ± .5; adjusted p=.01). Compared with consumers in the control group, those in the intervention group had significantly greater recall of their care plans three days after the planning session (mean proportion of plan goals recalled=75% ± 28% versus 57% ± 32%; p=.02). There were no differences between the clients in the intervention and control groups regarding satisfaction. This study demonstrated that clients can build their own care plans and negotiate and revise them with their case managers using an EDSS.

  15. E-Commerce: Study, Development and Prototyping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ing. María Lucía Rodríguez

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This project was a study of the development of an electronic commerce in Paraguay, tracking laws and regulatory decrees formulated by the technical agencies. As a result, a prototype is developed, which reproduces the steps to follow in a web-based e-commerce transaction using fictitious credit cards as payment method. A particular digital certificate created for testing purposes was used, performing secure connection via https protocol and the digital certificate issued by the Enforcement Authority and the Ministry of Industry and Trade. The results were obtained through the measurement of the database log, matching planned rules for transactions with the results obtained.

  16. E-commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Corrêa, João Batista

    2002-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia de Produção. Esta dissertação tem como objetivo identificar as principais características do e-commerce que influenciam no processo de decisão de compra via internet, tendo o consumidor on-line como centro deste estudo. Evidenciou-se o processo de decisão de compra por este possibilitar uma análise de cada etapa "percorrida" pelo consumidor ao realizar s...

  17. The Research on Transfer Mechanism of E-Commerce Initial Trust Facilitated by Online Brand Community’ s Technology Trust%在线品牌社区中技术信任促进电子商务初始信任的转移机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢康; 杨文君; 肖静华

    2016-01-01

    Trust is an important factor to affect the development of e-commerce. Based on trust transfer theory, this paper explores the influential mechanism of online brand community’ s technology trust on e-commerce initial trust. We use an online survey to collect data from community members who haven’ t trading experience and test hypotheses by structural equation modeling. Results show that the facilitating mechanism of trust transfer in e-commerce is as follows:technology trust facilitates online interpersonal trust among consumers by facilitating information sharing and knowledge learning among virtual community members, which eventually affects consumers ’ trust in vendors or VC service providers. Particularly, helpfulness has the most significant effect on information sharing and knowledge learning; information sharing is the most significant factor to cognition-based trust;knowledge learning has the most significant effect on affect-based trust. The findings confirm that online shopping community ’ s technology trust can facilitate the formation of Seller’ s initial trust, and provide a new path for e-commerce enterprise to achieve rapid development.%信任是影响电子商务发展的重要因素。本研究基于信任转移理论,构建了在线品牌社区中技术信任对电子商务初始信任的作用机制模型。通过对社区中尚未购买产品的成员进行网络问卷调查,利用结构方程模型对研究假设进行检验。结果表明电商初始信任转移的促进机制如下:技术信任通过促进社区成员间的信息共享和知识学习进而促进消费者之间的网络人际信任,最终影响消费者对社区提供商或商家的信任。其中技术有用性对信息共享和知识学习的影响最为显著,信息共享对认知信任的影响最为显著,知识学习对情感信任的影响最为显著。这些发现证实了在线品牌社区中的技术信任可以促进商家初始信任的形成

  18. E-Commerce for utilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malicky, M. [Metzler and Associates, Deerfield, IL (United States)

    1999-07-01

    The use of E-Commerce by energy utility and service companies was discussed. E-Commerce was described as being all communication via the web including Internet, Intranet and Extranet. E-Commerce communication includes the exchange of information, data, money services, products, ideas, conversations, knowledge, inventory and events. E-Commerce can be applied to electric and gas utilities to enhance energy marketing, delivery, retail energy, energy services, retail services and customer satisfaction. This means of communication is quickly becoming an essential part of customer care strategy. It reduces costs and improves performance. It was forecasted that E-Commerce will more than double from 1998 to 2001. 15 refs.

  19. E-COMMERCE SIDEWALK CLOTHING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dias Ariffiana

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available E-commerce merupakan aplikasi perdagangan barang atau jasa berbasis web melalui media internet.  Sidewalk Clothing saat ini dalam melakukan proses jual beli masih mengharuskan pembeli dan penjual bertatap muka secara langsung. E-commerce atau yang lebih dikenal dengan toko online memberikan kemudahan dalam melakukan proses jual beli sehingga transaksi jual beli menjadi lebih efektif dan efisien. Hasil yang dicapai dalam pembuatan e-commerce ini adalah mempermudah proses transaksi jual beli tanpa terikat waktu dan tempat. Dengan adanya e-commerce ini pemilik toko dimudahkan dalam memperbaharui informasi mengenai produk yang dijual dan dapat sekaligus meningkatkan penjualan. Pembeli dimudahkan dalam dalam mendapatkan informasi produk yang ditawarkan dan pembeli bisa membeli produk tersebut setiap saat. Dengan adanya e-commerce ini dapat memudahkan transaksi jual beli antara pemilik toko dan pembeli, serta memudahkan pemilik toko dalam memperbaharui informasi sehingga dengan adanya e- commerce omset penjualan akanmeningkat. Kata Kunci:E-commerce, website, Sidewalk Clothing

  20. New Rage on Campus: E-Commerce Degrees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbs, Kevin

    1999-01-01

    As electronic commerce expands, higher education attempts to keep up with the demand for instruction. Some universities have added a concentration in e-commerce to their master of business administration program and others are adding majors, certifications, or degrees. (JOW)

  1. Ferment in Business Education: E-Commerce Master's Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durlabhji, Subhash; Fusilier, Marcelline R.

    2002-01-01

    A review of curriculum and course descriptions of 67 Web-based electronic commerce master's programs showed that the number of programs grew 76% over 8 months. More nontechnical than technology-centered courses are offered. Business schools are apparently viewing e-commerce as a completely new discipline. (Contains 26 references.) (SK)

  2. No Small Change: E-Commerce in Distance Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Evan T.

    2002-01-01

    Explains how electronic commerce (e-commerce) principles can be useful for distance education in higher education. Topics include business-to-business and business-to-consumer models; entering the marketplace; understanding the institution's capabilities; knowing the competition; and sound financial models. (LRW)

  3. The Influence of Information Ecology on E-Commerce Initiatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Detlor, Brian

    2001-01-01

    Explores the influence of an organization's information ecology, or internal information environment, on a firm's electronic commerce initiatives and plans. Reports results from a case study investigation on the adoption and use of an e-commerce initiative, a corporate portal, by participants at a large Canadian company. (Author/LRW)

  4. E-Commerce and Privacy: Conflict and Opportunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farah, Badie N.; Higby, Mary A.

    2001-01-01

    Electronic commerce has intensified conflict between businesses' need to collect data and customers' desire to protect privacy. Web-based privacy tools and legislation could add to the costs of e-commerce and reduce profitability. Business models not based on profiling customers may be needed. (SK)

  5. New Rage on Campus: E-Commerce Degrees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbs, Kevin

    1999-01-01

    As electronic commerce expands, higher education attempts to keep up with the demand for instruction. Some universities have added a concentration in e-commerce to their master of business administration program and others are adding majors, certifications, or degrees. (JOW)

  6. A Service-Oriented E-Commerce Reference Architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aulkemeier, Fabian; Schramm, Milan; Iacob, Maria Eugenia; van Hillegersberg, Jos

    2016-01-01

    Electronic commerce (e-commerce) is getting more and more important in people's every day shopping routines. Vendors who want to establish an online channel besides their traditional retail practice have to integrate the two supply chains. The underlying information technology systems should be able

  7. No Small Change: E-Commerce in Distance Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Evan T.

    2002-01-01

    Explains how electronic commerce (e-commerce) principles can be useful for distance education in higher education. Topics include business-to-business and business-to-consumer models; entering the marketplace; understanding the institution's capabilities; knowing the competition; and sound financial models. (LRW)

  8. The Influence of Information Ecology on E-Commerce Initiatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Detlor, Brian

    2001-01-01

    Explores the influence of an organization's information ecology, or internal information environment, on a firm's electronic commerce initiatives and plans. Reports results from a case study investigation on the adoption and use of an e-commerce initiative, a corporate portal, by participants at a large Canadian company. (Author/LRW)

  9. Ferment in Business Education: E-Commerce Master's Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durlabhji, Subhash; Fusilier, Marcelline R.

    2002-01-01

    A review of curriculum and course descriptions of 67 Web-based electronic commerce master's programs showed that the number of programs grew 76% over 8 months. More nontechnical than technology-centered courses are offered. Business schools are apparently viewing e-commerce as a completely new discipline. (Contains 26 references.) (SK)

  10. E-Commerce and Privacy: Conflict and Opportunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farah, Badie N.; Higby, Mary A.

    2001-01-01

    Electronic commerce has intensified conflict between businesses' need to collect data and customers' desire to protect privacy. Web-based privacy tools and legislation could add to the costs of e-commerce and reduce profitability. Business models not based on profiling customers may be needed. (SK)

  11. Investigating the Identity Theft Prevention Strategies in M-Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Mahmood Hussain; Ahmed, Javed; Soomro, Zahoor Ahmed

    2016-01-01

    Mobile commerce has provided extended business opportunities for online organisations and made it easier for customers to purchase products on-line from anywhere at any time. However, there are several risks associated with it, especially the identity theft. Online organisations commonly use electronic commerce approaches; however, these have some…

  12. A Service-Oriented E-Commerce Reference Architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aulkemeier, Fabian; Schramm, Milan; Iacob, Maria-Eugenia; Hillegersberg, van Jos

    2016-01-01

    Electronic commerce (e-commerce) is getting more and more important in people's every day shopping routines. Vendors who want to establish an online channel besides their traditional retail practice have to integrate the two supply chains. The underlying information technology systems should be able

  13. Linking the customer purchase process to website development and e-commerce performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krawczyk, Adriana Cecylia

    2008-01-01

    Electronic commerce is fundamentally changing the way consumers search and buy goods and services. E-commerce is informing, promoting, buying and/or selling of products or services over electronic media such as the Internet. E-commerce has become a critical factor for competitiveness and productivit

  14. Linking the customer purchase process to website development and e-commerce performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krawczyk, Adriana Cecylia

    2008-01-01

    Electronic commerce is fundamentally changing the way consumers search and buy goods and services. E-commerce is informing, promoting, buying and/or selling of products or services over electronic media such as the Internet. E-commerce has become a critical factor for competitiveness and

  15. Linking the customer purchase process to website development and e-commerce performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krawczyk, Adriana Cecylia

    2008-01-01

    Electronic commerce is fundamentally changing the way consumers search and buy goods and services. E-commerce is informing, promoting, buying and/or selling of products or services over electronic media such as the Internet. E-commerce has become a critical factor for competitiveness and productivit

  16. E-Commerce and Security Governance in Developing Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanayei, Ali.; Rajabion, Lila

    Security is very often mentioned as one of the preconditions for the faster growth of e-commerce. Without a secure and reliable internet, customer will continue to be reluctant to provide confidential information online, such as credit card number. Moreover, organizations of all types and sizes around the world rely heavily on technologies of electronic commerce (e-commerce) for conducting their day-to-day business transaction. Providing organizations with a secure e-commerce environment is a major issue and challenging one especially in Middle Eastern countries. Without secure e-commerce, it is almost impossible to take advantage of the opportunities offered by e-commerce technologies. E-commerce can create opportunities for small entrepreneurs in Middle Eastern countries. This requires removing infrastructure blockages in telecommunications and logistics alongside the governance of e-commerce with policies on consumer protection, security of transactions, privacy of records and intellectual property. In this paper, we will explore the legal implications of e-commerce security governance by establishing who is responsible for ensuring compliance with this discipline, demonstrating the value to be derived from information security governance, the methodology of applying information security governance, and liability for non-compliance with this discipline. Our main focus will be on analyzing the importance and implication of e-commerce security governance in developing countries.

  17. Effect of an emergency department-based electronic system for musculoskeletal consultation on facilitating care for common injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mears, Simon C; Pantle, Hardin A; Bessman, Edward S; Lifchez, Scott D

    2015-05-01

    Access to musculoskeletal consultation in the emergency department (ED) is a nationwide problem. In addition, consultation from a subspecialist may be delayed or may not be available, which can slow down the ED flow and reduce patient satisfaction. The purpose of this study was to review the 1-year results of a change in the authors' institutional practice to reduce subspecialty consultation for select musculoskeletal problems while still ensuring adequate patient follow-up in orthopedic or plastic surgery clinics for patients not seen by these services in the ED. The authors hypothesized that select injuries could be safely managed in the ED by using an electronic system to ensure appropriate follow-up care. Using Kaizen methodology, a multidisciplinary group (including ED staff, orthopedics, plastic surgery, pediatrics, nursing, radiology, therapy, and administration) met to improve care for select musculoskeletal injuries. A system was agreed on in which ED providers managed select musculoskeletal injuries without subspecialist consultation. Follow-up was organized using an electronic system, which facilitated communication between the ED staff and the secretarial staff of the subspecialist departments. Over a 1-year period, 150 patients were treated using this system. Charts and radiographs were reviewed for missed injuries. Radiographic review revealed 2 missed injuries. One patient had additional back pain and a lumbar spine fracture was found during the subspecialist follow-up visit; it was treated nonoperatively. Another patient appeared to have scapholunate widening on the injury radiograph that was not appreciated in the ED. Of the 150 patients, 51 were seen in follow-up by a subspecialist at the authors' institution. An electronic system to organize follow-up with a subspecialist allowed the ED providers to deliver safe and effective care for simple musculoskeletal injuries. Copyright 2015, SLACK Incorporated.

  18. E-Commerce Content in Business School Curriculum: Opportunities and Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krovi, Ravindra; Vijayaraman, B. S.

    2000-01-01

    Explores the opportunities and challenges of introducing e-commerce concepts in business school curriculums. Examines the knowledge components of electronic commerce, including Web-based technology skills; and discusses the need for faculty training and development. (Author/LRW)

  19. E-Commerce Content in Business School Curriculum: Opportunities and Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krovi, Ravindra; Vijayaraman, B. S.

    2000-01-01

    Explores the opportunities and challenges of introducing e-commerce concepts in business school curriculums. Examines the knowledge components of electronic commerce, including Web-based technology skills; and discusses the need for faculty training and development. (Author/LRW)

  20. 基于电子商务平台网络团购模式研究%The Study of Online Group Purchasing Mode Based on the Electronic Commerce Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华南

    2012-01-01

    随着电子商务的迅猛发展,网络团购的出现,产生了一种新型电子商务模式“B2T”,FtpBusinesstoTeam。网络团购很清晰的商业模式很快得到商家和用户的认可。网络团购电子商务平台,是商家有效的营销平台,是用户买到物美价廉很最要的途径。组建网络团购门槛很低,国内团购呈现爆炸式的增长,有少数几家网络团购企业逐渐稳定成熟,但大部分网络团购面临着激烈\残酷的竞争。有些企业缺乏市场调查和分析,比较盲目。本文对网络团购模式和市场运作进行了深入分析和研究。希望为一些网络团购企业有一定指导作用,对网络团购健康发展有所帮助。%with the rapid development of electronic commerce, the emergence of network group purchase, generated a new e-commerce mode" B2T", Business to Team. Network group purchase clear commercial pattern to quickly get the merchants and customers recognized. Network group purchase of e-commerce platform, businesses are effective marketing platform for users to buy a high quality and inexpensive, is very important way. Established network of group purchase threshold is very low, the domestic group purchase has seen explosive growth, there are a few online group purchase enterprises gradually mature and stable, but most online group purchase is facing intense and cruel competition. Some enterprises lack of market research and analysis, comparison of the blind. This paper focuses on the network group purchase mode and the operation of the market undertook thorough analysis and research. Hope for some network group purchase enterprises have a certain guiding role for the healthy development of the network, group purchase help.

  1. 高职院校电子商务专业学生沟通能力的培养%Promoting the Communication Skill of Electronic Commerce Major Students in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉琼

    2011-01-01

    The weak communication awareness and ability of electonic commerce major students in higher vocational colleges doesn't match the vocational request of electronic ecommerce post. Students, specialty and enterprise lead to low communication skill especially mote the communication skill of electronic language expression ability. This article discusses about the strategy to procommerce major students in higher vocatinal colleges based on the " threein one" pattern.%高职院校电子商务专业学生的沟通意识和能力整体较弱,这与电子商务类岗位的任职要求不相符。导致电子商务学生沟通能力特别是语言表达能力薄弱的主要原因来自于三方面因素:学生、专业、企业。本文基于“三维一体”模式探讨了提升高职院校电子商务学生沟通能力的培养策略,旨在给电子商务学生、专业在沟通能力培养方面提供参考。

  2. Design of atomicity about electronic commerce protocols based on ECDH key exchange algorithm%基于ECDH密钥交换算法的电子商务协议原子性设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周辉; 张向利; 张红梅

    2014-01-01

    For the security of the digital transactions in goods transport,business gets money but may not delivery or custom-er harvests but does not consider,the atomicity of electronic payment protocols is designed by using the ECDH key exchange algorithm.Customers and merchants together generate digital goods.The results show the protocols can effectively solve the problem that the seller does not deliver or not in conformity with the provisions of the goods and the buyer receives goods but denies in the electronic commerce.%针对数字交易中商家收钱不发货和顾客收货不承认等货物传输的安全性问题,设计一种基于 ECDH 密钥交换算法的电子支付协议原子性方案,通过客户和商家共同协商产生数字货物。结果表明,所提方案有效地解决了电子商务中有关数字交易卖方不发货、发货不符合规定和买方收货却抵赖不承认的问题。

  3. 15 CFR 19.7 - When will Commerce entities compromise a Commerce debt?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When will Commerce entities compromise a Commerce debt? 19.7 Section 19.7 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce COMMERCE DEBT COLLECTION Procedures To Collect Commerce Debts § 19.7 When will Commerce entities...

  4. 15 CFR 19.14 - How will Commerce entities report Commerce debts to credit bureaus?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... reporting a delinquent Commerce debt to a consumer reporting agency, Commerce entities will send notice to... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How will Commerce entities report... Commerce COMMERCE DEBT COLLECTION Procedures To Collect Commerce Debts § 19.14 How will Commerce...

  5. E-Commerce May Help Colleges Cut Costs and Paperwork.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Florence

    2000-01-01

    Describes the increasing trend of incorporating electronic commerce methods to purchasing systems at colleges and universities. Provides examples from the University of Pennsylvania, Harvard University (Massachusetts), California State University at Fullerton, and the University of California at Los Angeles. (DB)

  6. A Mobile Commerce Model for Automobile Rescue Services

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Liyi; Liu, Qihua

    2010-01-01

    With the advance of mobile commerce technology, mobile businesses rapidly gain its popularity. Many factors, including LBS (Location-Based Services) SMS and Electronic Map are becoming the key words of mobile business. The authors comprehend those factors as

  7. E-Commerce May Help Colleges Cut Costs and Paperwork.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Florence

    2000-01-01

    Describes the increasing trend of incorporating electronic commerce methods to purchasing systems at colleges and universities. Provides examples from the University of Pennsylvania, Harvard University (Massachusetts), California State University at Fullerton, and the University of California at Los Angeles. (DB)

  8. After the hype: e-commerce payments grow up

    OpenAIRE

    anonymous

    2003-01-01

    On June 18, 2003, the Payment Cards Center of the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia and the Electronic Commerce Payments Council (eCPC) of the Electronic Funds Transfer Association co-hosted a workshop forum to explore areas of mutual interest related to the proliferation of e-commerce payments. This was the second event jointly sponsored by the groups. ; The first forum, “The Future of e-Commerce Payments,” which was held in June 2002, focused on the possibilities ahead, as various electr...

  9. The Creative Teaching of Marketing Courses in Electronic Commerce Environment%电子商务环境下进行创新性的营销课程教学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏以立; 赫爽; 吴蓉娟

    2014-01-01

    从总体上来说,目前高校的营销课程教学严重不能适应21世纪电子商务大环境。本文首先通过分析目前高校的《营销管理课程》教学现状,剖析《营销管理课程》的传统教学模式与时代要求相比所存在的差距,然后提出如何在电子商务环境下创新性的《营销管理课程》教学改革措施。%In general, the current marketing courses’ teaching is not adaptive to electronic commerce environment of 21st century. Firstly, the report analyzed the current high education teaching situation of one of the marketing courses, Marketing Management, and then identified the problems in traditional teaching modes of Marketing Management, and lastly presented the suggested teaching methods of the course of Marketing Management.

  10. Study and Practice of the Anonymity Technology Model for Electronic Commerce Based on MPLS%基于MPLS的电子商务匿名技术模型研究与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解争龙; 吴振强; 弋改珍; 王芳

    2012-01-01

    电子商务作为贸易手段已经进入人们的日常生活,如何保护商业机密、个人隐私是电子商务贸易中急需解决的问题.根据MPLS工作原理,在Onion匿名技术的基础上,建立基于MPLS的电子商务匿名模型,使用Nettrace对纯Onion匿名模型与基于MPLS匿名模型从安全和效率进行了比较.结果表明,基于MPLS匿名技术在保护用户隐私的同时,提高Onion匿名模型的通信效率.%Electronic Commerce has stepped into the daily life of people.But how to protect the business confidentiality and personal privacy is one of the problems resolved quickly.According to the operating principle of MPLS,on the anonymity technology of Onion,their security and efficiency has been compared for the anonymity models of the pure Onion and the MPLS.The results show that the anonymity technology of MPLS-based protected the user's privacy,while developed the efficiency of the model of Onion.

  11. Design of the C2C electronic commerce website ill higher vocational colleges%高职院校C2C电子商务网站的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董毅

    2012-01-01

    从网站需求入手,提出了C2C电子商务网站设计方案。采用自顶而下的设计方法给出网站的三层架构。以架构为基础,分别对网站界面、网站安全、信息发布、在线交易和系统管理模块进行分析和设计,同时重点对网站的缓存策略和异常处理进行了说明。%This article puts forward the main design scheme of C2C electronic commerce websites based the website needs. The three layer architecture of the website are given by using a top-down method.Basing on this software architecture,each of the web- site interface,web security,infonnation release,online teansactions and system management is analysised and designed.At the same time,the web caching strategy and exception processing are focusly described.

  12. Peran Mediasi Citra Merek dan Persepsi Risiko pada Hubungan antara Electronic Word of Mouth (E-WOM dan Minat Beli (Studi pada Konsumen Kosmetik E-Commerce di Solo Raya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Noor Eriza

    2017-06-01

    Electronic word of mouth (E-WOM banyak dimanfaatkan konsumen untuk menggali informasi mengenai suatu produk. Informasi yang diperoleh dari berbagai sumber di internet akan mempengaruhi persepsi konsumen terhadap citra merek, risiko dan mendorong minat beli konsumen. Penelitian ini menganalisis peran mediasi citra merek dan persepsi risiko pada hubungan E-WOM dan minat beli. Sampel penelitian ini terdiri dari 149 konsumen di Solo Raya yang telah melakukan pembelian kosmetik melalui e-commerce. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa E-WOM berpengaruh positif terhadap minat beli dan citra merek. Pengujian regresi mediasi menyimpulkan bahwa citra merek memediasi secara parsial hubungan E-WOM dan minat beli. Hasil tersebut mengartikan bahwa aktivitas membaca ulasan produk di internet akan memberikan informasi mengenai manfaat dan keunggulan produk sehingga konsumen akan merasa yakin bahwa mereka memilih produk yang tepat dan mendorong minat beli konsumen. Sedangkan E-WOM berpengaruh negatif terhadap persepsi risiko namun tidak memediasi hubungan E-WOM dan minat beli.   Kata kunci : E-WOM, Minat Beli, Citra Merek, Persepsi Risiko.

  13. C2C电子商务模式下客户在线信任的构建%Building Online Consumer Trust in C2C Electronic Commerce Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖离离; 周莉

    2012-01-01

    通过研究电子商务环境下信任的概念与维度,比较分析C2C电子商务模式下信息技术、制度环境、人际信任和信任倾向四个维度对客户在线信任构建的影响,得出信任倾向为卖家可控影响维度的结论,基于此结论提出构建客户在线信任的策略。%This article will first analyze the concepts and dimensions of consumer trust in electronic commerce environment, and compare 4 influencing dimensions in C2C model——information technologies, institutional environment, interpersonal trust, dispositional trust, than conclude that dispositional trust is a controllable influencing dimension to seller. Last, strategies on building online consumer trust will be advanced.

  14. The preferences of users of electronic medical records in hospitals: Quantifying the relative importance of barriers and facilitators of an innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.H.L. Struik (Marjolijn); F. Koster (Ferry); A.J. Schuit (Jantine); S.K. Nugteren; J. Veldwijk (Jorien); A.C. Lambooij (Antoinette)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractBackground: Currently electronic medical records (EMRs) are implemented in hospitals, because of expected benefits for quality and safety of care. However the implementation processes are not unproblematic and are slower than needed. Many of the barriers and facilitators of the adoption

  15. The impact of e-commerce on warehouse operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiktor Żuchowski

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: We often encounter opinions concerning the unusual nature of warehouses used for the purposes of e-commerce, most often spread by providers of modern technological equipment and designers of such solutions. Of course, in the case of newly built facilities, it is advisable to consider innovative technologies, especially in terms of order picking. However, in many cases, the differences between "standard" warehouses, serving, for example, the vehicle spare parts market, and warehouses that are ready to handle retail orders placed electronically (defined as e-commerce are negligible. The scale of the differences between the existing "standard" warehouses and those adapted to handle e-commerce is dependent on the industry and supported of customers' structure. Methods: On the basis of experiences and on examples of enterprises two cases of the impact of a hypothetical e-commerce implementation for the warehouse organization and technology have been analysed. Results: The introduction of e-commerce into warehouses entails respective changes to previously handled orders. Warehouses serving the retail market are in principle prepared to process electronic orders. In this case, the introduction of (direct electronic sales is justified and feasible with relatively little effort. Conclusions: It cannot be said with certainty that the introduction of e-commerce in the warehouse is a revolution for its employees and managers. It depends on the markets in which the company operates, and on customers served by the warehouse prior to the introduction of e-commerce.

  16. WWREX: A case study in the development of Internet E-Commerce in the energy industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yeich, K.; Horner, D.; Dunn, A. [Per-Se Technologies, Columbia, MD (United States)

    1998-12-31

    Even more so than the World Wide Web, the utility industry is undergoing a massive deregulation that is turning it into a Wild West environment that has fostered fierce competition, new technology and new services in the energy marketplace. It has become increasingly complex for consumers, suppliers and utilities to buy and sell energy at the best prices. With the help of the Internet, Per-Se Technologies and North American Power have developed the World Wide Retail Energy eXchange (WWREX): a real-time, Web-based electronic commerce application that matches suppliers of electricity and natural gas with potential customers online. This service is the first online application to facilitate the buying and selling of energy via the Internet. Designed to take advantage of the deregulated utilities marketplace, REX benefits multiple market players. With REX, business energy consumers can buy energy at the best price, from multiple suppliers and with significant time and cost reductions. Suppliers can instantly access new customer bases and close efficient, bulk transactions without the traditional sales and marketing costs associated with selling to a diverse set of consumers. The challenges and solutions of this project illustrate the technologies and techniques in creating a viable E-Commerce application. The resulting system provides effective electronic commerce and solves a critical business need at a relatively low cost.

  17. 15 CFR 19.15 - How will Commerce entities refer Commerce debts to private collection agencies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How will Commerce entities refer Commerce debts to private collection agencies? 19.15 Section 19.15 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce COMMERCE DEBT COLLECTION Procedures To Collect Commerce Debts § 19.15 How...

  18. Research on Electronic Commerce Recommendation Model Based on Mobile Terminal%基于移动终端的电子商务商品推荐模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫科忠

    2015-01-01

    随着移动互联网技术和电子商务的快速发展,基于移动终端的"掌上消费"在人们的消费形式中占据着越来越大的比重.同时,商品推荐系统作为电子商务系统中的重要组成部分受到了研究学者的普遍关注.因此,如何在商品推荐技术中结合移动终端特性,成为一个值得关注的问题.为了解决这个问题,本文在介绍了几种主流的推荐技术及其优缺点之后,提出了一种新型推荐算法,该算法基于移动终端特性并混合了基于内容和协同过滤两种推荐算法,随后本文详细的介绍了该算法的系统流程与步骤,最后在实验环境下实现了该算法的应用,验证了该算法的可行性.%With the rapid development of mobile Internet technology and electronic commerce,"mobile cons umption",which is based on mobile terminal,it accounts for an increasingly large proportion of people's cons umption.At the same time,as an important part of e-commerce system,the commodity recommendation syste m has caught researchers' universal attention,and they constantly put forward many various recommendation t echnologies.Therefore,it has become a focus that how to infuse the mobile terminals features with commodity recommendation technologies.To solve this problem,this paper discusses several mainstream recommendation t echnologies and their advantages and disadvantages and proposes the new recommendation algorithm which is based on the characteristics of mobile terminals and mixed two kinds of recommendation algorithm,content a nd collaborative filtering.In addition,the process and operation is also introduced in detail in this paper and t he algorithm is finally applied in experimental environment,which verified its feasibility.

  19. Ethics of E-Commerce in Information and Communications Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santosh Kumar Das, Abhishek Kumar, Bappaditya Das, A.P.Burnwal

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Electronic Commerce is method of exploit businessthrough computer networks, internet and webapplication. It is possibly the most talentedapplication of information technology witnessed inrecent years.E-commerce helps to work as amediator between front end and back endwithin theInternetlike any client sitting on his computer as afront end for accessing all facilities of the internetlike selling, purchasing, on-line admission, on-lineform fill up etc and server processes theseinformation in back end and return back desiredresults to the client. Unlike in previous era ofcommerce client used to carry out all informationphysically with effort and efficient way. So e-commerce has made it easier for people to decreasephysical work and to save time.It is reformingsupply-chain management and hasimmensepotential for manufacturing, retail and serviceoperations. The remarkable importance of e-commerce has encouraged us to write this paper. Inthis paper, we propose ethics of e-commerce ininformation and communication technologies.

  20. E-COMMERCE MARKET AND PERSPECTIVES FOR THE REVERSE COMMERCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michał Laskowski

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available E-commerce has been evolving from being a purely niche phenomenon to owning a vital share in economies of developed countries. Growth of such distribution and sales channel has been highly correlated with technological improvements penetrating modern societies. Today we stand in front of new ideas, adoption barriers and profit opportunities. There are a few trends ready to take off in the near future, one of them is the idea of reverse e-commerce, which is engaging the consumer even more into a highly personalized buying process. Nevertheless, every new idea needs the suitable time and place to launch. The purpose of this analysis is to verify prospects for the reverse e-commerce, which has a huge market potential. Reverse e-Commerce has every chance of becoming a new, still undiscovered now, marketing channel.

  1. E-COMMERCE DEVELOPMENT IN THE STRUCTURE OF THE INFORMATION ECONOMY OF UKRAINE

    OpenAIRE

    Melnychuk, O.

    2014-01-01

    The paper examines theoretical and practical aspects of emerging information economy in Ukraine. The study elucidates the essence of concepts of "information society", "information economy", "information and communication technologies", "e-commerce". Main trends are highlighted in establishment of the e-commerce market in Ukraine. A package of measures is suggested to improve the situation and processes in the market of electronic commerce.

  2. Beginning Django E-Commerce

    CERN Document Server

    McGaw, James

    2009-01-01

    Beginning Django E-Commerce guides you through producing an e-commerce site using Django, the most popular Python web development framework. Topics covered include how to make a shopping cart, a checkout, and a payment processor; how to make the most of Ajax; and search engine optimization best practices. Throughout the book, you'll take each topic and apply it to build a single example site, and all the while you'll learn the theory behind what you're architecting. * Build a fully functional e-commerce site. * Learn to architect your site properly to survive in an increasingly competitive onl

  3. Advancing E-Commerce Beyond Readiness in a Developing Country: Experiences of Ghanaian Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Richard Boateng; Richard Heeks; Alemayehu Molla; Robert Hinson

    2011-01-01

    This paper identifies factors affecting the assimilation of electronic commerce in Ghana and the solutions that Ghanaian firms have developed. Drawing from the elements of two electronic commerce readiness frameworks, the study analyzes the readiness of Ghana to support the conduct of electronic commerce at the firm-level. The study covers the government, technology, market and culture readiness factors. Findings suggest that social networks, managerial capabilities and government commitment ...

  4. Getting started with Drupal commerce

    CERN Document Server

    Jones, Richard

    2013-01-01

    A simple yet concise step-by-step tutorial that starts from scratch and builds up your knowledge with focused examples that will enable you to set up and run an e-commerce website.This book is for beginners and will take you through the installation and configuration of Drupal Commerce from scratch, but some familiarity with Drupal 7 will be an advantage. All examples are based on development on a local computer - you do not need a hosted Drupal environment.

  5. The Mobile Commerce technologies: Generations, Standards and Protocols

    OpenAIRE

    Tiwari, Rajnish; Buse, Stephan; Herstatt, Cornelius

    2006-01-01

    Mobile Commerce has staged a remarkable come-back. Driven by the technological innovations in the field of telecommunications, it is showing signs of a healthy recovery. The collapse of the dot-com boom in 2001/2002 had dealt a severe blow not only to Electronic Commerce but also to Mobile Commerce, which was just about developing at that time. In addition to a general lack of customer demand for mobile, location-based, services, it suffered heavily under the technical deficiencies of end-dev...

  6. Mathematical Modeling of Insurance Mechanisms for E-commerce Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Xie, Hong; Lui, John C. S.

    2015-01-01

    Electronic commerce (a.k.a. E-commerce) systems such as eBay and Taobao of Alibaba are becoming increasingly popular. Having an effective reputation system is critical to this type of internet service because it can assist buyers to evaluate the trustworthiness of sellers, and it can also improve the revenue for reputable sellers and E-commerce operators. We formulate a stochastic model to analyze an eBay-like reputation system and propose four measures to quantify its effectiveness: (1) new ...

  7. Study on the E-commerce platform based on the agent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Ruixue; Qin, Lishuan; Gao, Yinmin

    2011-10-01

    To solve problem of dynamic integration in e-commerce, the Multi-Agent architecture of electronic commerce platform system based on Agent and Ontology has been introduced, which includes three major types of agent, Ontology and rule collection. In this architecture, service agent and rule are used to realize the business process reengineering, the reuse of software component, and agility of the electronic commerce platform. To illustrate the architecture, a simulation work has been done and the results imply that the architecture provides a very efficient method to design and implement the flexible, distributed, open and intelligent electronic commerce platform system to solve problem of dynamic integration in ecommerce. The objective of this paper is to illustrate the architecture of electronic commerce platform system, and the approach how Agent and Ontology support the electronic commerce platform system.

  8. THE ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voiculescu Madalina Irena

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Article refers to significance and the digital signature in electronic commerce. Internet and electronic commerce open up many new opportunities for the consumer, yet, the security (or perceived lack of security of exchanging personal and financial data

  9. Strategiske udfordringer for e-commerce og m-commerce

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rask, Morten

    2005-01-01

    For at være forretningsmæssigt levedygtige, må m-portaler tiltrække og fastholde kunderne. Kernebudskabet i dette afsnit er at muligheden for at være succesfuld med dette vil afhænge af dynamiske strategier, der blander elementer af personalisering, adgang og specifikation af indhold. Vi gennemgå...... her kerneforskelle mellem traditionel e-handel (e-commerce) og m-commerce og hvordan de to handelsformer adskiller sig med hensyn til personalisering, adgang og specifikation af indhold....

  10. Strategiske udfordringer for e-commerce og m-commerce

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rask, Morten

    2005-01-01

    For at være forretningsmæssigt levedygtige, må m-portaler tiltrække og fastholde kunderne. Kernebudskabet i dette afsnit er at muligheden for at være succesfuld med dette vil afhænge af dynamiske strategier, der blander elementer af personalisering, adgang og specifikation af indhold. Vi gennemgå...... her kerneforskelle mellem traditionel e-handel (e-commerce) og m-commerce og hvordan de to handelsformer adskiller sig med hensyn til personalisering, adgang og specifikation af indhold....

  11. Small and medium sized wine producers dealing with business to business e-commerce: Towards a relational model for enhancing value (co- creation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saba Andrea

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The internet has produced a forward-looking shift in the way we communicate, think and run economic activities around the globe. The revolution in Information and Communication Technology (ICT has generated an innovating process in the agri-food sector that is far from being unwind. The wine industry is a case in point. Indeed, the industry has attempted to address the multifaceted challenges posed by electronic commerce since always. Business to business electronic commerce has been slower to develop than its counterpart, i.e. business to consumer E-commerce. However business to business e-commerce is starting to attract an increased interest, by showing a significant business value in terms of potential. Against this background, the slow development of B2B e-commerce has been linked to regulatory and economic reasons. In order to deal with such stumbling blocks, the paper suggests a shift towards an open platform that is aimed at facilitating transactions and interactions among businesses through a continuous problem-solving process in which trust and value is co-created by producers and customers through relational contracting.

  12. Mobile Communications and Mobile Commerce: Conceptual Frames to Grasp the Global Tectonic Shifts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    In this keynote chapter, we provide an overview of the emerging global landscape of mobile communications and mobile commerce, circa 2005. We introduce the four core CLIP functionalities - communications (C), locatability (L), information (I) exchange, and payment (P) facilitation - on which m......-commerce systems and services are based. We then explore the various requirements for creating successful mobile commerce portals, or m-portals, using the CLIP functionalities as well as ways for personalization, permission, and specification of service formats and content....

  13. SMEs' E-commerce Adoption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scupola, Ada

    2009-01-01

    Purpose - Proposes providing an insight about factors affecting business-to-business e-commerce adoption and implementation in small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), highlighting similarities and differences between Danish and Australian SMEs.    Design/methodology/approach - The research...... is based on a wide literature review, focused on proposing a theoretical model of technological, environmental and organizational factors influencing e-commerce adoption and implementation. Subsequently, a questionnaire based on the research model has been developed and face-to-face interviews were...... conducted in Danish and Australian companies. Findings - The findings both corroborate previous results about significant factors affecting SMEs' b-to-b e-commerce adoption and implementation and provide new, interesting insights. The study also finds many similarities and differences between Denmark...

  14. Selling Culture: Implementation of e-Commerce and WAP-based Prototypes

    CERN Document Server

    Zafeiri, Konstantina; Balla, Aikaterini

    2010-01-01

    Museum stores represent integral parts of the museums that have also a lot to benefit from a successful presence on the web arena. In addition to traditional web sites, carefully designed electronic commerce (e-commerce) sites may increase the potential of museum stores offering possibilities for on-line shopping and other commercial functions. In parallel, the recent convergence of the traditionally separate technologies of the Internet and mobile telephony has brought the concept of 'wireless Internet' into the spotlight. Within this context, 'mobile commerce' (m-commerce) is a relatively new trend that represents a natural extension of e-commerce into the wireless world. M-commerce refers to electronic business transactions and differentiates from e-commerce since it involves the use of mobile devices and wireless medium rather than wired. The unique characteristics of mobile computing bring forward new challenges and opportunities for museum stores. This article presents the design and implementation of a...

  15. THE EFFECTS OF E-COMMERCE ON SUPPLY CHAIN IN TURKEY

    OpenAIRE

    AYDIN, Gülsüm; BAYAR ÇAĞLAK, Sibel; ALKAN, Güler

    2011-01-01

    Electronic commerce (e-commerce) and the internet are fundamentally changing the nature of supply chains, and redefining consumer reaction in supply chain era. In addition to standard forms for business-to-business transactions, ecommerce encompasses much wider activity. A new form of cooperation known as a virtual company, performing some of the processes needed to manufacture a product or deliver a service, has flourished. Nowadays, promoting the development of electronic commerce is one of...

  16. Reducing e-commerce risks using digital certificates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piščević Miloš

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available E-commerce means buying and selling goods and services across the Internet. Secured communication in e-commerce, across unsecured medium, such as the Internet, represents one of the major components in a domain of providing necessary security- critical demands, so the flow of information could go in a secure way. The Internet, as a global computer network must provide five major security services: confidentiality, data integrity, authentication, availability, and non-repudiation of information. Without guaranteeing aformentioned security goals, risks may be very high in e-commerce systems. A possible way to reduce these risks is to use digital certificates. Digital certificates provide a means of proving identity in electronic transactions, and from the point of view of computer communication they are irreplacable, but nevertheless they provide a good mechanism for implementing the major part of this security goal, and therefore, their usage in e-commerce is the major topic of this paper.

  17. Designing a Virtual Center for E-Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doina ROSCA

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available In the actual context of developing digital services, the promotion of a system that manages multiple e-commerce sites can be extremely valuable in increasing the economic effects for the companies. This paper presents the current stage of the experimental system design and implementation, an open system website-based (called Single Way for E-Commerce - SWEC having the goal to collaborate with many database servers of the companies that offer e-commerce sevices and also to interract with electronic payment and e-administration systems. This new approach allows the clients, after them authentication, to navigate on e-commerce websites and search different products, grouping on domains, companies and geographic areas. SWEC System will offer to the customer the opportunity to visualize and compare similar products, to order and receive a single invoice for all the products he wants to buy.

  18. 7 CFR 1209.2 - Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commerce. 1209.2 Section 1209.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS....2 Commerce. Commerce means interstate, foreign, or intrastate commerce....

  19. Department of Commerce Semiannual Regulatory Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... Part IV Department of Commerce Semiannual Regulatory Agenda ] DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (DOC) DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Office of the Secretary 13 CFR Ch. III 15 CFR Subtitle A; Subtitle B, Chs. I, II, III..., and VI Spring 2010 Semiannual Agenda of Regulations AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Commerce....

  20. 29 CFR 779.12 - Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commerce. 779.12 Section 779.12 Labor Regulations Relating... OR SERVICES General Some Basic Definitions § 779.12 Commerce. Commerce as used in the Act includes interstate and foreign commerce. It is defined in section 3(b) of the Act to mean “trade,...

  1. 7 CFR 1220.103 - Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commerce. 1220.103 Section 1220.103 Agriculture... CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.103 Commerce. The term commerce means interstate, foreign, or intrastate commerce....

  2. 7 CFR 1215.4 - Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commerce. 1215.4 Section 1215.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Commerce. Commerce means interstate, foreign, or intrastate commerce....

  3. 29 CFR 401.1 - Commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commerce. 401.1 Section 401.1 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor OFFICE OF LABOR-MANAGEMENT STANDARDS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LABOR-MANAGEMENT STANDARDS MEANING OF TERMS USED IN THIS SUBCHAPTER § 401.1 Commerce. Commerce means trade, traffic, commerce,...

  4. Analysis of the Application of Computer Network Marketing in Electronic Commerce%计算机网络营销在电子商务中的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹雪婷; 程强; 柴红萍

    2015-01-01

    计算机网络营销是一种历史发展的必然,同时它也是计算机普及推广与企业贸易模式改革创新的一种产物。计算机网络营销是电子商务中的一种主要营销模式,这种营销模式的基础是网络技术,该营销模式不同于以往的营销模式,但是这种营销模式又是以前各种营销模式的升华和提高,与传统的营销模式相比这种营销模式既有相似之处,同时又有许多的区别和创新,这种营销模式效率较高,广告和信息成本相对较低,同时该营销模式的市场拓展模式也具有许多的优势。%Computer network marketing is the inevitable trend of the historical development, at the same time it is also a product of the popularization of computer and the reform and innovation of enterprise trade pattern. Computer network marketing is a main marketing mode of electronic commerce, and the basis of this kind of marketing model is network technology. This kind of marketing model is different from the past marketing models, but it is the sublimation and improvement of all sorts of marketing models before. Compared with the traditional marketing models, it has both similarities and many difference and innovation. This kind of marketing model has high efficiency and relatively low advertisement and information costs, at the same time, its market expansion model has many advantages.

  5. IT Capability of Electronic-Commerce Enterprise from CAS Theory Perspective%基于复杂适应系统理论的电子商务企业IT能力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秋迪; 左美云; 周军杰

    2013-01-01

    从企业能力研究的角度出发,采用案例分析的方法,利用复杂适应系统理论的“刺激-反应”模型对电子商务企业不同发展阶段的IT能力形成过程进行了梳理和分析.研究发现,在IT支持业务阶段,电子商务企业应对外部环境刺激的反应机制主要是保障机制和部分的应急机制,通过“刺激-反应”输出的是IT基础设施能力;在IT与业务融合阶段,应对外部环境刺激的反应机制逐渐丰富,增加了预警机制、协调机制和反馈机制,通过“刺激-反应”输出的是IT业务跨越能力;在IT引领业务阶段,反应机制中规划机制的作用愈发重要,通过“刺激-反应”输出的是IT业务引领能力.%This paper reviews and analyzes IT Capability of electronic commerce enterprises in the different stages and on the basis of "stimulus-response" model using case analysis method.The study found that in IT supports business stage,the responding mechanisms of EC enterprise to cope with external changes are mainly the guarantee mechanism and part of the emergency mechanism,and outputting IT infrastructure capability; in IT and business integrating stage,the response mechanisms enriching gradually,including early warning mechanism,coordination mechanism and emergency mechanism,outputting IT business spanning capability; and in the IT leading business stage,planning system becomes increasingly important among the response mechanisms,outputting IT proactive capability.

  6. The Development of a Highly Constrained Health Level 7 Implementation Guide to Facilitate Electronic Laboratory Reporting to Ambulatory Electronic Health Record Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Sujansky, Walter V.; Overhage, J. Marc; Chang, Sophia; Frohlich, Jonah; Faus, Samuel A.

    2009-01-01

    Electronic laboratory interfaces can significantly increase the value of ambulatory electronic health record (EHR) systems by providing laboratory result data automatically and in a computable form. However, many ambulatory EHRs cannot implement electronic laboratory interfaces despite the existence of messaging standards, such as Health Level 7, version 2 (HL7). Among several barriers to implementing laboratory interfaces is the extensive optionality within the HL7 message standard. This pap...

  7. Adoption of e-Commerce in micro tourism firms located in Umeå

    OpenAIRE

    Gharibyan, Tatevik

    2016-01-01

    A new and an effective Internet business model such as electronic commerce (e-Commerce) has obtained great importance in the tourism industry (Li & Suomi, 2008). e-Commerce has great importance also for small firms. Despite this, the majority of  literature concerning  tourism and e-Commerce does not tend to discuss the adoption of e-Commerce within small and medium sized firms (SMEs), whereas most studies have focused on the information that can be found on broader aspects of the Interne...

  8. E-commerce and Business Case of a US E-commerce firm

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira Sanchez, Sergio

    2010-01-01

    What do we know as E-commerce and E-Business? Unique features of E-commerce. Types of E-commerce. History and feature of E-commerce. Why does E-commerce develop better in some places than in others? What make a current E-commerce success? Introduction of the US E-commerce firm studied. Bussiness case (customer, product, company and competition). Conclusions.

  9. E-commerce and Business Case of a US E-commerce firm

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira Sanchez, Sergio

    2010-01-01

    What do we know as E-commerce and E-Business? Unique features of E-commerce. Types of E-commerce. History and feature of E-commerce. Why does E-commerce develop better in some places than in others? What make a current E-commerce success? Introduction of the US E-commerce firm studied. Bussiness case (customer, product, company and competition). Conclusions.

  10. Legal Review of Data Message and Transactions through E-Commerce within the Framework of E-Commerce Law of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Shirpour

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Economic transformation and development in Iran, now with the lifting of international sanctions and the countries desire to invest in Iran, and moving to a growing economic space with the reforms in the economic structure of the country, provides prosperity and mobility needs in this area. In this way, what is very important is revision of the common rules and policies in Iran. Amending in Attracting foreign investment law and Electronic Commerce legislation are obvious examples of this changes in the Iranian legal system. Insufficiency of existing laws and regulations in Iran on the one hand and the absence of financial rules governing the international trade On the other hand, and finally the existence of political - economic differences are considered as Barriers to electronic commerce. Amending all laws, regulations, byelaw and circulars and instructions that are somehow related to commerce and production and compatible with the specifications and requirements of electronic commerce, is essential. In this article, in addition to a brief description about the Electronic Commerce in the introduction, we will try to Examine the economic activities in the first and second parts of Electronic Commerce in this area and then examine the message data and its role in e-commerce, And in the end, the need for Amending and updating the e-commerce law will be discussed.

  11. 电子商务环境下生鲜农产品配送模式研究发展现状%The Electronic Commerce Environment Research in Current Situation of the Development of Fresh Agricultural Products Distribution Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘杨青

    2014-01-01

    电子商务环境下的农产品物流有着极大的发展空间和前景,农产品电子商务化的需求飞速增长。然而生鲜类产品电子商务化与其他产品电子商务化相差甚大,包括顾客对生鲜产品更高的配送时效性要求,生鲜产品的特殊性对配送运输的要求等。现有的生鲜产品配送体系也难以满足生鲜电商发展的需求。越来越多的学者专家开始关注这个领域的研究。%Under the e-commerce environment of agricultural products logistics has a great development in space and prospects, and the demands rapid growth of e-commerce. However fresh products in e-commerce, e-commerce and other products are very large, including customer delivery timeliness requirements for higher fresh products, fresh products, such as the particularity of the requirement for the shipping transportation. The existing distribution systems of fresh products are difficult to meet the needs of fresh electricity development. More and more scholars begin to pay close attention to this area of research.

  12. E-commerce and the energy industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, C.; Biedenharn, J. [Global Energy Assets, Inc. (United States)

    2000-01-01

    The impact of e-commerce on the future of the energy industry is examined, and the size and scope of business-to-business e-commerce activities are explored. Identification of e-commerce needs in relation to sales and purchasing requirements, and the selection of the e-commerce course and considerations to be taken into account in introducing e-commerce into a business are discussed.

  13. Advanced SWOT Analysis of E-Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Awais; Tanzila Samin

    2012-01-01

    This research paper describes the invention and accessibility of internet connectivity and powerful online tools has resulted a new commerce era that is e-commerce, which has completely revolutionized the conventional concept of business. E-commerce deals with selling and purchasing of goods and services through internet and computer networks. E-commerce can enhance economic growth, increase business opportunities, competitiveness, better and profitable access to markets. E-Commerce is emergi...

  14. Electronic Commerce Operation of the Traditional Tourism Enterprise-- Taking Taobao Shop in Wuxi Ancient Canal for Example%传统旅游企业电子商务运营分析--以无锡古运河淘宝店铺为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛雯霞

    2014-01-01

    电子商务的迅猛发展,使得人们通过电脑和手机等通讯设备可以随时随地查看目标旅游景点相关信息,并在网上完成一系列交易。这一消费习惯的转变,使得传统旅游公司必须将线下推广转为线上推广。淘宝作为中国线上交易最为频繁的电子商务平台,为传统旅游企业的电子商务发展提供了可靠的保障。本文试图以淘宝古运河店铺的建立与营销为基础,探索如何通过电子商务模式抢占潜在的客户,提高公司的营销竞争力。%The rapid development of electronic commerce helps people know the related information in tourist attractions and using computers and mobiles,and pays in the Internet. Therefore,travel agency should transform marketing from of-fline promotion to online marketing. Taobao,one of the biggest e-commerce online transactions in China,provides a guarantee for its electronic commerce development. This article attempts to analyze Taobao shop’s marketing mode in the ancient canal,develops potential customers by electronic commerce mode,and increases competitive ability.

  15. Quality management tools: facilitating clinical research data integrity by utilizing specialized reports with electronic case report forms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trocky, N M; Fontinha, M

    2005-01-01

    Data collected throughout the course of a clinical research trial must be reviewed for accuracy and completeness continually. The Oracle Clinical (OC) data management application utilized to capture clinical data facilitates data integrity through pre-programmed validations, edit and range checks, and discrepancy management modules. These functions were not enough. Coupled with the use of specially created reports in Oracle Discoverer and Integrated Review, both ad-hoc query and reporting tools, research staff have enhanced their ability to clean, analyze and report more accurate data captured within and among Case Report Forms (eCRFs) by individual study or across multiple studies.

  16. Electron transfer dissociation facilitates the measurement of deuterium incorporation into selectively labeled peptides with single residue resolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zehl, Martin; Rand, Kasper D; Jensen, Ole N;

    2008-01-01

    show in the present study that electron transfer dissociation in a 3D-quadrupole ion trap retains the site-specific solution-phase deuterium incorporation pattern and allows for localization of incorporated deuterium with single residue resolution. Furthermore, we exploit this finding to monitor how...... collisional activation induces proton mobility in a gaseous peptide ion at various levels of vibrational excitation....

  17. Primary care physician attitudes towards using a secure web-based portal designed to facilitate electronic communication with patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Kittler

    2004-11-01

    Conclusions Physicians’ fears about being overwhelmed with messages were not realised. While physicians were generally enthusiastic about the application, none used it directly to communicate with patients. Over three-quarters of respondents indicated that they would be more enthusiastic about electronic communication with patients if this time were compensated.

  18. Providing practical solution for increasing security in e- commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghahramankhani. Behnam

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Despite all of the benefits that are associated with e- commerce, online transactions and communications provide larger vehicles for abuse of technology and even criminal acts. So using of electronic commerce need to create a secure environment for doing online transactions and communications for preventing abuse through informational and computer systems. The best way for creating this secure environment is identifying security threats and ways to combat with existing of these threats. This study examines the security threats. So the security protocols of SSL, SMIME, SET, and PKI have been studied in details. In addition, several practical solutions have proposed to increase the public confidence and trust in electronic commerce and increase data security.

  19. The Use of Electronic Medical Records To Facilitate Identification of Patients Presenting With Oro-facial Complaints To The General Medical Practitioners

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, Sze Seng

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACTThe University of ManchesterSzeSeng ChanMaster of Philosophy in Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryThe Use of Electronic Medical Records to Facilitate Identification of Patients Presenting With Oro-facial Complaints To The General Medical PractitionersJanuary 2014Aims : To study the pattern of attendance of patients who present to General Medical Practitioners (GMPs) with oro-facial or/and dental complaints. Data Source : All the Primary Medical Cares (PMCs) in the North West e-health data...

  20. Social Engineering hits Social Commerce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degenhardt, Werner; Wiele, Johannes

    Looking at social commerce, a bunch of bewildering phenomena attracts the attention of social psychologists. The way customers participate today shows attitudes and ethical behavior which cannot be explained from the inherent conditions of Web 2.0 environments alone. Fraud often succeeds, when you do not expect it, and honesty can be found under circumstances that do not support honesty at all. The current situation seems to result from customers assigning experience and ethics from real world business to virtual business environments. But there are indications that this situation may change. Social commerce could suffer as soon as customers would use its inherent weaknesses to their own advantage. The following article outlines first approaches to research into this topic.