WorldWideScience

Sample records for faa certificates ratings

  1. Towards FAA Certification of UAVs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Stacy

    2003-01-01

    As of June 30, 2003, all Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), no matter how small, must adhere to the same FAA regulations as human-piloted aircraft. These regulations include certification for flying in controlled airspace and certification of flight software based on RTCA DO-178B. This paper provides an overview of the steps necessary to obtain certification, as well as a discussion about the challenges UAV's face when trying to meet these requirements. It is divided into two parts: 1) Certifications for Flying in Controlled Airspace; 2) Certification of Flight Software per RTCA DO-178B.

  2. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA airworthiness certification for ceramic matrix composite components in civil aircraft systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonczy Stephen T.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs are being designed and developed for engine and exhaust components in commercial aviation, because they offer higher temperature capabilities, weight savings, and improved durability compared to metals. The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA issues and enforces regulations and minimum standards covering the safe manufacture, operation, and maintenance of civil aircraft. As new materials, these ceramic composite components will have to meet the certification regulations of the FAA for “airworthiness”. The FAA certification process is defined in the Federal Aviation Regulations (Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations, FAA policy statements, orders, advisory circulars, technical standard orders, and FAA airworthiness directives. These regulations and documents provide the fundamental requirements and guidelines for design, testing, manufacture, quality assurance, registration, operation, inspection, maintenance, and repair of aircraft systems and parts. For metallic parts in aircraft, the FAA certification and compliance process is well-established for type and airworthiness certification, using ASTM and SAE standards, the MMPDS data handbook, and FAA advisory circulars. In a similar manner for polymer matrix composites (PMC, the PMC industry and the FAA have jointly developed and are refining parallel guidelines for polymer matrix composites (PMCs, using guidance in FAA circulars and the CMH-17 PMC handbook. These documents discuss design methods and codes, material testing, property data development, life/durability assessment, production processes, QA procedures, inspection methods, operational limits, and repairs for PMCs. For ceramic composites, the FAA and the CMC and aerospace community are working together (primarily through the CMH-17 CMC handbook to define and codify key design, production, and regulatory issues that have to be addressed in the certification of CMC components in

  3. Certification of COTS Software in NASA Human Rated Flight Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goforth, Andre

    2012-01-01

    Adoption of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) products in safety critical systems has been seen as a promising acquisition strategy to improve mission affordability and, yet, has come with significant barriers and challenges. Attempts to integrate COTS software components into NASA human rated flight systems have been, for the most part, complicated by verification and validation (V&V) requirements necessary for flight certification per NASA s own standards. For software that is from COTS sources, and, in general from 3rd party sources, either commercial, government, modified or open source, the expectation is that it meets the same certification criteria as those used for in-house and that it does so as if it were built in-house. The latter is a critical and hidden issue. This paper examines the longstanding barriers and challenges in the use of 3rd party software in safety critical systems and cover recent efforts to use COTS software in NASA s Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV) project. It identifies some core artifacts that without them, the use of COTS and 3rd party software is, for all practical purposes, a nonstarter for affordable and timely insertion into flight critical systems. The paper covers the first use in a flight critical system by NASA of COTS software that has prior FAA certification heritage, which was shown to meet the RTCA-DO-178B standard, and how this certification may, in some cases, be leveraged to allow the use of analysis in lieu of testing. Finally, the paper proposes the establishment of an open source forum for development of safety critical 3rd party software.

  4. Tiebreaker: Certification and multiple credit ratings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bongaerts, D.; Cremers, K.J.M.; Goetzmann, W.

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the role played by multiple credit rating agencies (CRAs) in the market for corporate bonds. Moody’s, S&P and Fitch operate in a competitive setting with market demand for both credit information and the certification value of a high rating. We empirically document the outcome of

  5. Ratings of Residents' Clinical Competence and Performance on Certification Examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norcinin, John J.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    A study of the correlation between certification test results and ratings of clinical competence for graduate medical students in internal medicine during a six-year period found strong correlations on both individual and general indicators of competence. (MSE)

  6. Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayhurst, Kelly

    2010-01-01

    Objective 1: Provide regulators with a methodology for development of airworthiness requirements for certification of UAS. a) Rationale: a comprehensive methodology does not currently exist to support development of regulation for certification of UAS. Regulation is essential to enable routine access to the NAS. b) Approach: 1) assess existing approaches and classification schemes for deriving acceptable means of compliance to airworthiness requirements. 2) investigate a service-based approach to classification of UAS. 3) conduct comparative analysis of different methodologies. 4) work with FAA to determine best approach and conduct case study. 5) participate in regulatory/standards organizations developing safety and performance requirements for UAS. Objective 2: Provide regulators and industry with hazard and risk-related data to support criteria for UAS type design. a) Rationale: There is presently little UAS specific data (incident, accident, and reliability), especially in a civil context, to support risk assessment and development of standards and regulation. b) Approach: Identify gaps in existing data, provide measured data as needed, and formulate recommendations by: 1) evaluating UAS incident/accident data collection efforts and determining additional support necessary for regulation. 2) assessing UAS-specific hazards and risks. 3) evaluating need for reliability data for UAS-unique systems, components and subsystem, and determining additional measurement requirements. 4) developing guidance and best practices for UAS type design.

  7. 19 CFR 159.37 - Suspension of certification of rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) LIQUIDATION OF DUTIES Conversion of Foreign Currency § 159.37... certification of rates for a currency is being suspended pending determination of the question whether it will certify multiple rates for that currency, the following procedures shall apply: (a) Notification...

  8. 14 CFR 61.63 - Additional aircraft ratings (other than for ratings at the airline transport pilot certification...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ratings at the airline transport pilot certification level). 61.63 Section 61.63 Aeronautics and Space... aircraft ratings (other than for ratings at the airline transport pilot certification level). (a) General. For an additional aircraft rating on a pilot certificate, other than for an airline transport pilot...

  9. 49 CFR 1540.117 - Threat assessments regarding aliens holding or applying for FAA certificates, ratings, or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY: GENERAL RULES Responsibilities of... has determined that an individual who is not a citizen of the United States and who holds, or...

  10. 14 CFR 61.5 - Certificates and ratings issued under this part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... this part to an applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the training and certification requirements for the certificate sought: (1) Pilot certificates— (i) Student pilot. (ii) Sport pilot. (iii... certification requirements for the rating sought: (1) Aircraft category ratings— (i) Airplane. (ii) Rotorcraft...

  11. 19 CFR 132.15 - Export certificate for beef subject to tariff-rate quota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Export certificate for beef subject to tariff-rate... SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY QUOTAS Administration of Quotas § 132.15 Export certificate for beef subject to tariff-rate quota. (a) Requirement. In order to claim the in-quota tariff rate of duty on...

  12. 14 CFR 63.3 - Certificates and ratings required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... foreign country, a current flight engineer certificate issued by the country in which the aircraft is... aircraft is operated within a foreign country, a current flight navigator certificate issued by the country... an authorized representative of the National Transportation Safety Board, or of any Federal,...

  13. 14 CFR 65.31 - Required certificates, and rating or qualification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... qualification. 65.31 Section 65.31 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... Operators § 65.31 Required certificates, and rating or qualification. No person may act as an air traffic...) Holds an air traffic control tower operator certificate issued to him under this subpart; (b) Holds...

  14. 14 CFR 61.415 - What are the limits of a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... certificate with a sport pilot rating? 61.415 Section 61.415 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.415 What are the limits of a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating? If you hold a flight instructor certificate with a...

  15. A review of benchmarking, rating and labelling concepts within the framework of building energy certification schemes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez-Lombard, Luis; Gonzalez, Rocio [Grupo de Termotecnia, Escuela Superior de Ingenieros, Universidad de Sevilla, Camino de los Descubrimientos, 41092 Sevilla (Spain); Ortiz, Jose [BRE (Building Research Establishment), Garston, Watford WD25 9XX (United Kingdom); Maestre, Ismael R. [Dpto. de Maquinas y Motores Termicos, Escuela Politecnica Superior de Algeciras, Universidad de Cadiz, Av. Ramon Puyol s/n, Algeciras 11202 Cadiz (Spain)

    2009-03-15

    Energy certification schemes for buildings emerged in the early 1990s as an essential method for improving energy efficiency, minimising energy consumption and enabling greater transparency with regards to the use of energy in buildings. However, from the beginning their definition and implementation process were diffuse and, occasionally, have confused building sector stakeholders. A multiplicity of terms and concepts such as energy performance, energy efficiency, energy ratings, benchmarking, labelling, etc., have emerged with sometimes overlapping meanings. This has frequently led to misleading interpretations by regulatory bodies, energy agencies and final consumers. This paper analyses the origin and the historic development of energy certification schemes in buildings along with the definition and scope of a building energy certificate and critical aspects of its implementation. Concepts such as benchmarking tools, energy ratings and energy labelling are clarified within the wider topic of certification schemes. Finally, a seven steps process is proposed as a guide for implementing building energy certification. (author)

  16. 14 CFR 61.317 - Is my sport pilot certificate issued with aircraft category and class ratings?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Is my sport pilot certificate issued with... GROUND INSTRUCTORS Sport Pilots § 61.317 Is my sport pilot certificate issued with aircraft category and class ratings? Your sport pilot certificate does not list aircraft category and class ratings. When...

  17. 14 CFR 61.413 - What are the privileges of my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating? 61.413 Section 61.413 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL... INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.413 What are the privileges of my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating? If you hold a fight...

  18. 14 CFR 61.427 - What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? 61.427 Section 61.427 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION... GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.427 What must I do if my flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating expires? You may exchange your expired flight...

  19. 78 FR 26103 - Proposed Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) of the Aircraft Certification Service (AIR) Project...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-03

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Proposed Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) of the Aircraft Certification... comments on, the Aircraft Certification Service (AIR) standard operating procedure (SOP) describing the... comments on the SOP to: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Aircraft Certification Service,...

  20. Review of existing residential energy efficiency certification and rating programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendrickson, P.L.

    1986-11-01

    This report was prepared for the Office of Buildings and Community Systems, US Department of Energy (DOE). The principal objective of the report is to present information on existing Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS) and their features. Much of the information in this report updates a 1982 report (PNL-4359), also prepared by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for DOE. Secondary objectives of the report are to qualitatively examine the benefits and costs of HERS programs, review survey results on the attitudes of various user groups toward the programs, and discuss selected design and implementation issues.

  1. 19 CFR 132.17 - Export certificate for sugar-containing products subject to tariff-rate quota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Export certificate for sugar-containing products..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY QUOTAS Administration of Quotas § 132.17 Export...), the importer must possess a valid export certificate in order to claim the in-quota tariff rate...

  2. From bad pharma to good pharma: aligning market forces with good and trustworthy practices through accreditation, certification, and rating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Jennifer E

    2013-01-01

    This article explores whether the bioethical performance and trustworthiness of pharmaceutical companies can be improved by harnessing market forces through the use of accreditation, certification, or rating. Other industries have used such systems to define best practices, set standards, and assess and signal the quality of services, processes, and products. These systems have also informed decisions in other industries about where to invest, what to buy, where to work, and when to regulate. Similarly, accreditation, certification, and rating programs can help drug companies address stakeholder concerns in four areas: clinical trial design and management, dissemination of clinical trial results, marketing practices, and the accessibility of medicines. To illuminate processes - such as conflicts of interests and revolving-door policies - that can jeopardize the integrity of accreditation, certification, and ratings systems, the article concludes with a consideration of recent failures of credit-rating agencies and a review of the regulatory capture literature.

  3. 78 FR 44042 - Airworthiness Directives; Agusta S.p.A. Helicopters (Type Certificate Currently Held By...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-23

    ....A. Helicopters (Type Certificate Currently Held By AgustaWestland S.P.A) (AgustaWestland) AGENCY... Certificate Currently Held By Agustawestland S.p.A) (AgustaWestland): Docket No. FAA-2013-0643;...

  4. Situating CASBEE, a Japanese-made unique building rating and certification system, within a broader context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond J. Cole

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available An underlying premise of the voluntary assessments and certifications offered by existing major building performance assessment systems is that if the market is provided with improved information and mechanisms, a discerning client group can and will provide leadership in environmental responsibility, and that others will follow suit to remain competitive. Building environmental ratings have provided building owners with a credible and objective means to communicate to prospective tenants the environmental qualities of the building they are leasing and, by emphasizing more demanding performance goals and the benefits over typical practice, have begun to reframe expectations. Over the past twenty plus years, building environmental assessment has matured into a legitimate area of research and study. Assessment tools in use worldwide generally fall into two general categories: 1 Those developed by an organization within a country that maintains and manages it and provides the associated educational support and operational infrastructure. All the major recognized systems – BREEAM, LEED, CASBEE, Green Star in Australia, etc., – fall into this category. 2 Those developed by academics either for research purposes or in hopes that they could become a certification system but to date have yet to gain widespread adoption in their respective countries.

  5. The Efficacy of ATI Predictive Testing and Remediation on National Certification and Licensure Examination-Registered Nurse Pass Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winter, Alexandra Selman

    2013-01-01

    This project study sought to evaluate the effects of implementing quarterly predictive testing and remediation on National Certification and Licensure Examination-Registered Nurse (NCLEX-RN) pass rates of an associate's degree nursing program at a small Midwestern community college. The college's pass rate on the NCLEX-RN has been below both the…

  6. First Annual FAA General Aviation Forecast Conference Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-03-01

    pilot’s perspective. I have a 30-year background as an executive in communications, principally in television , but I am also an aircraft owner and have...contrasting this with the business I came from -- television , which is gauged and governed by the TV rating business, which includes overnight ratings. We...ago following the Ceritos, California midair collision between a general aviation aircraft and a Mexicana airliner, the FAA released a study calling for

  7. Human Systems Integration: Unmanned Aircraft Control Station Certification Plan Guidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    This document provides guidance to the FAA on important human factors considerations that can be used to support the certification of a UAS Aircraft Control Station (ACS). This document provides a synopsis of the human factors analysis, design and test activities to be performed to provide a basis for FAA certification. The data from these analyses, design activities, and tests, along with data from certification/qualification tests of other key components should be used to establish the ACS certification basis. It is expected that this information will be useful to manufacturers in developing the ACS Certification Plan,, and in supporting the design of their ACS.

  8. 14 CFR 61.405 - What tests do I have to take to obtain a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating? 61.405 Section 61.405 Aeronautics and Space..., FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.405 What tests do I have to take to obtain a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating? To obtain...

  9. Multidiscipline Optimization of Aircraft Structures for FAA Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-09-01

    to develop cross platform (UNIX and PC/NT) tools that maximize the commercial viability. 2.3.5 Microsoft Front Page® for STARNET Website Design Microsoft...6 2.3.5 Microsoft Front Page®for STARNET Website ... Design ......................................................................... 7 2.3.6 InQuisiX Pro

  10. Unmanned Aircraft Pilot Medical Certification Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    Warren Silberman represented the FAA Aerospace Medical Certification Division in regard to the medical certification require- ments. Given that the...Johnson, Marca Access 5 marca@direcway.com 410-961-3149 McCarley, Jason U of Illinois Institute of Aviation mccarley@uiuc.edu 217-244-8854 Silberman

  11. Comparison of Referral Rates for Preschool Children at Risk for Disabilities Using Information Obtained from Birth Certificate Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delgado, Christine E. F.; Scott, Keith G.

    2006-01-01

    This study demonstrates the utility of integrating birth certificate record data with an existing disability-tracking database for the purpose of evaluating early identification efforts. The authors examined referral rates of preschool-age children for several known disability risk factors. Low birthweight, low maternal education, and prematurity…

  12. 14 CFR 61.429 - May I exercise the privileges of a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating if I...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... applicable requirements to provide training in an additional category or class of light-sport aircraft... instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating if I hold a flight instructor certificate with another... Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.429 May I exercise the privileges of a flight instructor...

  13. 75 FR 91 - Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier, Inc. (Type Certificate Previously Held by Canadair) Model...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-04

    ... Directives; Bombardier, Inc. (Type Certificate Previously Held by Canadair) Model CL-600-2B16 (CL-604...: Bombardier, Inc. (Type Certificate Previously Held by Canadair): Docket No. FAA-2009-1227; Directorate... (b) None. Applicability (c) This AD applies to Bombardier, Inc. (Type Certificate previously held...

  14. Has there been a change in the rates of UK sickness certification for back pain over time? An examination of historical data from 2000 to 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wynne-Jones, Gwenllian; Dunn, Kate M

    2016-04-25

    This paper aims to investigate historical patterns of sickness certification for back pain from 2000 to 2010. Electronic medical records from 14 practices that are part of the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Clinical Research Network: West Midlands were reviewed. All records for back pain consultations from 2000 to 2010 were downloaded and matched, by date, to corresponding sickness certification records. Primary Care. A total of 93,896 back pain consultations were recorded over the 11-year period, resulting in 30,913 sickness certificates. There was a statistically significant decrease in the rate of certification over the period, falling from 376.8 (95% CI 362.1 to 392) per 1000 back pain consultations in 2000 to 246.5 (95% CI 236.5 to 332.9) per 1000 back pain consultations in 2010. There was also a statistically significant difference in certification between males and females, with males issued more certificates than females. There was a statistically significant difference in certification by age, with those aged 60 years and over being less likely to be issued a certificate compared to all other age groups. Rates of sickness certification for back pain demonstrated a downward trend between 2000 and 2010. While the reasons for this are not transparent, it may be related to changing beliefs around working with back pain. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  15. Human-rated Safety Certification of a High Voltage Robonaut Lithium-ion Battery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeevarajan, Judith; Yayathi, S.; Johnson, M.; Waligora, T.; Verdeyen, W.

    2013-01-01

    NASA's rigorous certification process is being followed for the R2 high voltage battery program for use of R2 on International Space Station (ISS). Rigorous development testing at appropriate levels to credible off-nominal conditions and review of test data led to design improvements for safety at the virtual cell, cartridge and battery levels. Tests were carried out at all levels to confirm that both hardware and software controls work. Stringent flight acceptance testing of the flight battery will be completed before launch for mission use on ISS.

  16. NASA,FAA,ONERA Swept-Wing Icing and Aerodynamics: Summary of Research and Current Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broeren, Andy

    2015-01-01

    NASA, FAA, ONERA, and other partner organizations have embarked on a significant, collaborative research effort to address the technical challenges associated with icing on large scale, three-dimensional swept wings. These are extremely complex phenomena important to the design, certification and safe operation of small and large transport aircraft. There is increasing demand to balance trade-offs in aircraft efficiency, cost and noise that tend to compete directly with allowable performance degradations over an increasing range of icing conditions. Computational fluid dynamics codes have reached a level of maturity that they are being proposed by manufacturers for use in certification of aircraft for flight in icing. However, sufficient high-quality data to evaluate their performance on iced swept wings are not currently available in the public domain and significant knowledge gaps remain.

  17. 14 CFR 61.329 - Are there special provisions for obtaining a sport pilot certificate for persons who are...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... requirements specified in § 61.313, (B) Pass the knowledge test for a sport pilot certificate specified in § 61... a sport pilot certificate for persons who are registered ultralight pilots with an FAA-recognized... INSTRUCTORS Sport Pilots § 61.329 Are there special provisions for obtaining a sport pilot certificate for...

  18. Trend in rates for deaths with mention of schizophrenia on death certificates of US residents, 1999-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polednak, Anthony P

    2014-07-01

    Trends in mortality rates for schizophrenia using multiple causes of death (including contributory causes) coded on death certificates in the US resident population apparently have not been reported. Age-standardized rates for deaths per 100,000 in 1999-2010 at age 15+ years (and for 15-64 and 65+ years) with mention of schizophrenia were examined for the US resident population, including variation by age, gender, race (blacks/African Americans and whites) and region. Deaths at age 15+ years coded with schizophrenia as underlying cause were only 12 % of all deaths with mention of schizophrenia, for which the rate declined from 1.58 in 1999 (3,407 deaths) to 1.32 in 2010 (3,422 deaths) (percentage change or PC = -16 %). Declines were larger in females than males, in whites than blacks, and occurred in the Northeast, Midwest and South but not the West. The rate increased for age 15-64 years (PC = +28 %) (mainly in males), however, while declining for age 65+ years (PC = -35 %). For deaths at age 15-64 years with schizophrenia coded as other than the underlying cause, the largest continuous increase was for endocrine-metabolic diseases (predominantly diabetes mellitus) as underlying cause, with smaller increases in males for cardiovascular diseases, external causes and neoplasms. Trends in the US rate for deaths with mention of schizophrenia varied among the sociodemographic groups examined. The lack of decline for age 15-64 years requires further study especially with regard to mediators (e.g., obesity) of excess mortality in schizophrenia identified from cohort studies.

  19. 78 FR 44873 - Pilot Certification and Qualification Requirements for Air Carrier Operations; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-25

    ... entitled, ``Pilot Certification and Qualification Requirements for Air Carrier Operations'' (78 FR 42324... rule; correction. SUMMARY: The FAA is correcting a final rule published on July 15, 2013 (78 FR 42324... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 61 RIN 2120-AJ67 Pilot Certification and...

  20. 78 FR 46295 - Special Conditions: Eclipse, EA500, Certification of Autothrottle Functions Under Part 23

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 23 Special Conditions: Eclipse, EA500, Certification of... proposed special conditions. SUMMARY: This action proposes special conditions for the Eclipse EA500.... The Eclipse Model EA500 was certificated under part 23 by the FAA on September 30, 2006...

  1. 75 FR 36296 - Airworthiness Directives; Gulfstream Aerospace LP (Type Certificate Previously Held by Israel...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... Directives; Gulfstream Aerospace LP (Type Certificate Previously Held by Israel Aircraft Industries, Ltd... Previously Held by Israel Aircraft Industries, Ltd.): Docket No. FAA-2010-0555; Directorate Identifier 2010.... Applicability (c) This AD applies to Gulfstream Aerospace LP (Type Certificate previously held by...

  2. 75 FR 57844 - Airworthiness Directives; Gulfstream Aerospace LP (Type Certificate Previously Held by Israel...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ... Aerospace LP (Type Certificate Previously Held by Israel Aircraft Industries, Ltd.) Model Galaxy and... Held by Israel Aircraft Industries, Ltd.): Amendment 39-16438. Docket No. FAA-2010-0555; Directorate... Certificate previously held by Israel Aircraft Industries, Ltd.) Model Galaxy and Gulfstream 200...

  3. 78 FR 3311 - Safety Enhancements, Certification of Airports

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ...) on Safety Enhancements Part 139, Certification of Airports (76 FR 5510). In the NPRM, the FAA... period until May 13, 2011, (76 FR 20570) because we learned that a number of airport operators were not... again reopened the comment period until July 5, 2011, (76 FR 32105) because several industry...

  4. 16 CFR 306.6 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 306.6 Section 306.6... RATINGS, CERTIFICATION AND POSTING Duties of Refiners, Importers and Producers § 306.6 Certification. In... half number equal to or less than the number determined by you. This letter of certification will...

  5. Orthopedic board certification and physician performance: an analysis of medical malpractice, hospital disciplinary action, and state medical board disciplinary action rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocher, Mininder S; Dichtel, Laura; Kasser, James R; Gebhardt, Mark C; Katz, Jeffery N

    2008-02-01

    Specialty board certification status has become the de facto standard of competency by which the profession and the public recognize physician specialists. However, the relationship between orthopedic board certification and physician performance has not been established. Rates of medical malpractice claims, hospital disciplinary actions, and state medical board disciplinary actions were compared between 1309 board-certified (BC) and 154 non-board-certified (NBC) orthopedic surgeons in 3 states. There was no significant difference between BC and NBC surgeons in medical malpractice claim proportions (BC, 19.1% NBC, 16.9% P = .586) or in hospital disciplinary action proportions (BC, 0.9% NBC, 0.8% P = 1.000). There was a significantly higher proportion of state medical board disciplinary action for NBC surgeons (BC, 7.6% NBC, 13.0% P = .028). An association between board certification status and physician performance is necessary to validate its status as the de facto standard of competency. In this study, BC surgeons had lower rates of state medical board disciplinary action.

  6. Assessment of Proposed Cab Glass Coating for FAA Control Towers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-16

    To) Jun 2012 – Jun 2013 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Evaluation of Proposed Cab Glass Coating for FAA Control Towers 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER In- House 5b...Lite 2: 12CL N/A C 12"x12"x1 1/2" Insulated; 1/2" STARPHIRE; .060 CLEAR PVB; 1/2" STARPHIRE Bubble Pack Sheet Stuck to Surface N/A D 12...determine if this improvement (if any) degrades over time. Participants: In- house Wright-Patterson personnel and/or FAA-provided “guest

  7. Upgraded FAA Airfield Capacity Model Compiled from the Following Reports: FAA-RD-76-128 and FAA-EM-81-1-VOL-1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-05-01

    Arrival-Arrival Separations: DLTAIJ: 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 103 ** FAA CAPACITY MODEL - REVISED JANUARY, 1980 ** "t AIRFIELD HOURLY CAPACITY MODELO ...OLTEI:N1IIi Alifl1AL D1LAY rOi, z.rIrf XIJAL DEIIAjiD? 110- D’O YOU 1’ ISI ( TO FILIWRPNl ANOTHER1 CALCIAIVIO:1? 110! rIGU~n 6-3 (Cont.) 178 CHAPTER 7 - ON

  8. [Determination of Rh in removal solution of the catalyst from HNBR by FAAS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Ming; Zhao, Wei-dong; Wang, Shu-jun; Xu, Rui-qing

    2003-04-01

    The content of Rhodium in extraction solution of the catalyst from HNBR was determined by FAAS. The results showed that this method was simple, rapid, accurate and convenient. Furthermore, this method was used as a means to investigate the optimum process conditions for removing catalyst from HNBR by ligation-extraction technology. When sulfocarbmide was used as a ligation agent and 88% formic acid as an extraction agent, the removal rate of Rh was greater than 98% under the condition of 100 degrees C and two hours of reaction time.

  9. 16 CFR 306.8 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 306.8 Section 306.8... RATINGS, CERTIFICATION AND POSTING Duties of Distributors § 306.8 Certification. If you are a distributor... with each transfer of automotive fuel, as outlined in § 306.6(a), or by using a letter of...

  10. The Acyl-CoA synthetases encoded within FAA1 and FAA4 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae function as components of the fatty acid transport system linking import, activation, and intracellular Utilization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Færgeman, Nils J.; Black, P N; Zhao, X D

    2001-01-01

    Exogenous long-chain fatty acids are activated to coenzyme A derivatives prior to metabolic utilization. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the activation of these compounds prior to metabolic utilization proceeds through the fatty acyl-CoA synthetases Faa1p and Faa4p. Faa1p or Faa4p are esse...

  11. 76 FR 12300 - Safety Management System for Certificated Airports; Extension of Comment Period

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-07

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 139 RIN 2120-AJ38 Safety Management System for Certificated... safety management system (SMS) for its entire airfield environment (including movement and non- movement...: Background On October 7, 2010, the FAA published Notice No. 10-14, entitled ``Safety Management System...

  12. 78 FR 42323 - Pilot Certification and Qualification Requirements for Air Carrier Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-15

    ..., 121, 135, et al. Pilot Certification and Qualification Requirements for Air Carrier Operations; Final... No. FAA-2010-0100; Amdt. Nos. 61-130; 121-365; 135-127; 141-1; 142-9] RIN 2120-AJ67 Pilot... requirements for pilots in air carrier operations. As a result of this action, a second in command (first...

  13. 77 FR 58323 - Airworthiness Directives; Gulfstream Aerospace LP (Type Certificate Previously Held by Israel...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-20

    ... Aerospace LP (Type Certificate Previously Held by Israel Aircraft Industries, Ltd.) Airplanes AGENCY... Previously Held by Israel Aircraft Industries, Ltd.) Model Gulfstream G150 airplanes. This proposed AD was... Previously Held by Israel Aircraft ] Industries, Ltd.): Docket No. FAA-2012-0986; Directorate Identifier...

  14. 14 CFR Appendix J to Part 141 - Aircraft Type Rating Course, For Other Than an Airline Transport Pilot Certificate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... control of airspeed, configuration, direction, altitude, and attitude in accordance with procedures and... preflight; and (7) Use of the aircraft's prestart checklist, appropriate control system checks, starting... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aircraft Type Rating Course, For Other Than...

  15. ADSORPTION BEHAVIOR OF Pb(II) ON POTASSIUM HEXATITANATE WHISKER BY FAAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Based on the advantage of high surface area and strong adsorption ability of potassium hexatitanate whisker, a method to determine trace Pb(II) content by combining solid phase extraction with Flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) was established. The adsorptive behavior of potassium hexatitanate whisker to Pb(II), primary influencing factors of adsorption and elution and effect of coexistence ions were investigated systemically. The optimal analytical conditions were discussed and examined. It was found that the adsorption rate of potassium hexatitanate whisker to Pb(II) was 100% at pH 4.0. Pb(II) could be eluted from potassium tetratitanate whisker with HCl (2mol/L) under boiling water for 30min. The detection limit was 5.75ng/mL, and relative standard deviation was 1.66% (n=9, CPb=2.0μg/mL).

  16. ADSORPTION BEHAVIOR OF Pb(Ⅱ) ON POTASSIUM HEXATITANATE WHISKER BY FAAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Yonghua; XU Wanzhen; YAN Yongsheng; JING Junjie

    2008-01-01

    Based on the advantage of high surface area and strong adsorption ability of potassium hexatitanate whisker, a method to determine trace Pb(Ⅱ) content by combining solid phase extraction with Flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) was established.The adsorptive behavior of potassium hexatitanate whisker to Pb(Ⅱ), primary influencing factors of adsorption and elation and effect of coexistence ions were investigated systemically.The optimal analytical conditions were discussed and examined.It was found that the adsorption rate of potassium hexatitanate whisker to Pb(Ⅱ) was 100% at pH 4.0.Pb(Ⅱ) could be elated from potassium tetratitanate whisker with HCI (2mol/L) under boiling water for 30min.The detection limit was 5.75ng/mL, and relative standard deviation was 1.66% (n=9, CPb=2.0μg/mL).

  17. FAA-NASA Sixth International Conference on the Continued Airworthiness of Aircraft Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-12-01

    British Airways Human Factors in Aviation Maintenance: Current FAA Research .............................. 91 William T. Shepherd, Federal Aviation...Development of Advanced Structural Analysis Methodologies for Predicting W idespread Fatigue Damage in Aircraft Structures...where satellite communications to transmit aircraft position data derived from GPS directly to controllers via data link. On June 21, FAA and Qantas

  18. 78 FR 63276 - Interim Policy, FAA Review of Solar Energy System Projects on Federally Obligated Airports

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Interim Policy, FAA Review of Solar Energy System Projects on Federally... federally obligated airports to construct solar energy systems on airport property. FAA is adopting an... for measuring ocular impact of proposed solar energy systems which are effective upon publication....

  19. Review of Part 67 of the Federal Air Regulations and the Medical Certification of Civilian Airmen. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis or any of the rheumatoid variants, when symptomatic or requiring medication except as listed below, is disqualifying...certification and their application to enable the FAA to determine the medical fitness of applicants for exercise of airinan privileges• • "The report...perform safely the duties or exercise t...e privileges of the airman certificate that he or she holds or for which he or she is applying; or o may

  20. 14 CFR 137.19 - Certification requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... economic poisons, that applicant is not required to demonstrate the knowledge required in paragraphs (e)(1.... private, commercial, or airline transport pilot certificate and be properly rated for the aircraft to be... person who holds a current U.S. commercial or airline transport pilot certificate and who is properly...

  1. No certificate, no chocolate

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2013-01-01

    Are you already ready to use “certificates” to log into CERN or to connect to the global “eduroam” wireless network? No, I am not talking about your birth certificate, medical certificates or academic certificates. I am referring to “certificates” used for authentication where you would usually use a password.   These digital certificates are a valid alternative to cumbersome passwords. Like the aforementioned personal certificates, a digital certificate is an official document that proves who you are or your qualifications. Your personal digital CERN certificate is tied to your digital identity at CERN. In that respect, a digital certificate is like a password. It is a credential that you must not share with anybody else! With your digital certificate, I can impersonate you and take over your mailbox, your web sessions and more… Digital certificates bind your digital identity to a public/private-key infrastructu...

  2. 14 CFR 121.437 - Pilot qualification: Certificates required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pilot qualification: Certificates required... Pilot qualification: Certificates required. (a) No pilot may act as pilot in command of an aircraft (or... pilots) unless he holds an airline transport pilot certificate and an appropriate type rating for...

  3. Precision Departure Release Capability (PDRC): NASA to FAA Research Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelland, Shawn; Davis, Thomas J.

    2013-01-01

    departure runway assignments to the Center scheduling tool. The PDRC concept also incorporates earlier NASA and FAA research into automation-assisted CFR coordination. The PDRC concept reduces uncertainty by automatically communicating coordinated release times with seconds-level precision enabling TMCs and FLMs to work with target times rather than windows. NASA has developed a PDRC prototype system that integrates the Center's TMA system with a research prototype Tower decision support tool. A two-phase field evaluation was conducted at NASA's North Texas Research Station in Dallas-Fort Worth. The field evaluation validated the PDRC concept and demonstrated reduced release time uncertainty while being used for tactical departure scheduling of more than 230 operational flights over 29 weeks of operations.

  4. Increasing certification through unit-based education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer-Cartlidge, Erica; Mahon, Suzanne

    2014-04-01

    Certification has been identified by multiple organizations as an important component and means of elevating the level of nursing care provided to patients and demonstrating to the public that the nursing staff has subspecialty knowledge. Certification may lead to improved patient satisfaction and outcomes as well as increased nurse satisfaction and retention. Despite the known potential benefits associated with certification, institutions struggle to improve certification rates. One possible method to overcome system barriers to certification is the implementation of a unit-based study course to prepare nurses for the Certified Breast Care Nurse (CBCN) examination. Data collected by an author-developed tool as one institution created and executed a unit-based study course suggest that such an approach increased certification rates and improved disease-specific knowledge and confidence among the staff, despite no official data existing on the tool's reliability and validity. Implementation of similar programs may be successful in improving certification at other institutions seeking to raise certification rates.

  5. Software Certification and Software Certificate Management Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denney, Ewen; Fischer, Bernd

    2005-01-01

    Incremental certification and re-certification of code as it is developed and modified is a prerequisite for applying modem, evolutionary development processes, which are especially relevant for NASA. For example, the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) report 121 concluded there is "the need for improved and uniform statistical sampling, audit, and certification processes". Also, re-certification time has been a limiting factor in making changes to Space Shuttle code close to launch time. This is likely to be an even bigger problem with the rapid turnaround required in developing NASA s replacement for the Space Shuttle, the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV). Hence, intelligent development processes are needed which place certification at the center of development. If certification tools provide useful information, such as estimated time and effort, they are more likely to be adopted. The ultimate impact of such a tool will be reduced effort and increased reliability.

  6. Improving the accuracy of death certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myers, K A; Farquhar, D R

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Population-based mortality statistics are derived from the information recorded on death certificates. This information is used for many important purposes, such as the development of public health programs and the allocation of health care resources. Although most physicians are confronted with the task of completing death certificates, many do not receive adequate training in this skill. Resulting inaccuracies in information undermine the quality of the data derived from death certificates. METHODS: An educational intervention was designed and implemented to improve internal medicine residents' accuracy in death certificate completion. A total of 229 death certificates (146 completed before and 83 completed after the intervention) were audited for major and minor errors, and the rates of errors before and after the intervention were compared. RESULTS: Major errors were identified on 32.9% of the death certificates completed before the intervention, a rate comparable to previously reported rates for internal medicine services in teaching hospitals. Following the intervention the major error rate decreased to 15.7% (p = 0.01). The reduction in the major error rate was accounted for by significant reductions in the rate of listing of mechanism of death without a legitimate underlying cause of death (15.8% v. 4.8%) (p = 0.01) and the rate of improper sequencing of death certificate information (15.8% v. 6.0%) (p = 0.03). INTERPRETATION: Errors are common in the completion of death certificates in the inpatient teaching hospital setting. The accuracy of death certification can be improved with the implementation of a simple educational intervention. PMID:9614825

  7. Board certification in psychology: insights from medicine and hospital psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robiner, William N; Dixon, Kim E; Miner, Jacob L; Hong, Barry A

    2012-03-01

    For physicians board certification is an accepted tradition that research suggests improves services and outcomes. In contrast, relatively few psychologists pursue board certification suggesting ambivalence or limited contingencies reinforcing it. The authors report on medical school and hospital-based psychologists' attitudes toward board certification and current certification status. About one-fifth (21.7%) of the sample were certified by the American Board of Professional Psychology, a greater proportion than psychologists generally: Highest rates were seen in neuropsychology (7.5%), clinical psychology (6.4%), clinical child and adolescent psychology (3.2%) and clinical health psychology (2.8%). Few (certification. Half recognized benefits to the profession for psychologists pursuing board certification, yet 70% opposed requiring it for their hospital-based practice. Forces seeking to promote healthcare quality ultimately may increase expectations for board certification. If consumers, employers, hospitals and managed care organizations demand board certification for health professionals, greater numbers of psychologists would likely seek it.

  8. A qualitative phenomenological study: Enhanced, risk-based FAA oversight on part 145 maintenance practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheehan, Bryan G.

    The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to examine the phenomenon of enhanced, risk-based Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) oversight of Part 145 repair stations that performed aircraft maintenance for Part 121 air carriers between 2007 and 2014 in Oklahoma. Specifically, this research was utilized to explore what operational changes have occurred in the domestic Part 145 repair station industry such as variations in management or hiring practices, training, recordkeeping and technical data, inventory and aircraft parts supply-chain logistics, equipment, and facilities. After interviewing 12 managers from Part 145 repair stations in Oklahoma, six major theme codes emerged from the data: quality of oversight before 2007, quality of oversight after 2007, advantages of oversight, disadvantages of oversight, status quo of oversight, and process improvement . Of those six major theme codes, 17 subthemes appeared from the data that were used to explain the phenomenon of enhanced oversight in the Part 145 repair station industry. Forty-two percent of the participants indicated a weak FAA oversight system that has hindered the continuous process improvement program in their repair stations. Some of them were financially burdened after hiring additional full-time quality assurance inspectors to specifically manage enhanced FAA oversight. Notwithstanding, the participants of the study indicated that the FAA must apply its surveillance on a more standardized and consistent basis. They want to see this standardization in how FAA inspectors interpret regulations and practice the same quality of oversight for all repair stations, particularly those that are repeat violators and fail to comply with federal aviation regulations. They believed that when the FAA enforces standardization on a consistent basis, repair stations can become more efficient and safer in the performance of their scope of work for the U.S. commercial air transportation industry.

  9. Principles and Pitfalls: a Guide to Death Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Erin G; Reed, Kurt D

    2015-06-01

    Death certificates serve the critical functions of providing documentation for legal/administrative purposes and vital statistics for epidemiologic/health policy purposes. In order to satisfy these functions, it is important that death certificates be filled out completely, accurately, and promptly. The high error rate in death certification has been documented in multiple prior studies, as has the effectiveness of educational training interventions at mitigating errors. The following guide to death certification is intended to illustrate some basic principles and common pitfalls in electronic death registration with the goal of improving death certification accuracy.

  10. 14 CFR 61.403 - What are the age, language, and pilot certificate requirements for a flight instructor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... certificate requirements for a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating? 61.403 Section 61.403... CERTIFICATION: PILOTS, FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.403 What are the age, language, and pilot certificate requirements for a flight instructor...

  11. Enhanced FAA-hybrid III numerical dummy model in Madymo for aircraft occupant safety assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boucher, H.; Waagmeester, C.D.

    2003-01-01

    To improve survivability and to minimize the risk of injury to occupants in helicopter crash events, a complete Cabin Safety System concept including safety features and an enhanced FAA-Hybrid III dummy were developed within the HeliSafe project. A numerical tool was also created and validated to al

  12. 47 CFR 17.7 - Antenna structures requiring notification to the FAA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Antenna structures requiring notification to..., MARKING, AND LIGHTING OF ANTENNA STRUCTURES Federal Aviation Administration Notification Criteria § 17.7 Antenna structures requiring notification to the FAA. A notification to the Federal...

  13. Comparison between EDXRF and FAAS for Zn determination in terrestrial molluscs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Melo, Julyanne T.B.; Cantinha, Rebeca S.; Santos, Mariana L.O.; Santos, Katarine M.B.; Franca, Elvis J., E-mail: julyanne.melo@ufpe.br, E-mail: rebecanuclear@gmail.com, E-mail: marianasantos_ufpe@hotmail.com, E-mail: katarine.mizan@gmail.com, E-mail: ejfranca@cnen.gov.br [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Melo, Ana M.M.A., E-mail: amdemelo@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Departamento de Biofisica e Radiobiologia

    2015-07-01

    Even with the most advanced analytical techniques, achieving the true values of a given analyte in a sample cannot be an easy task. Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) and Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS) have been widely used for analysis of the chemical composition of biological matrices in environmental studies. However, depending on the sample matrix, a combination of techniques could be needed for the correct determination of the analyte. Zinc distribution in Littoraria angulifera and Melampus coffea is quite dependent on the environment, so that, diverse methods could be necessary to evaluate the chemical composition of these mollusks. This study aimed at the comparison between EDXRF and FAAS techniques for determining Zn in the soft tissues of terrestrial mollusks. The animals were collected in three mangroves in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. After shell removal, tissues were lyophilized and milled in a mortar. Test portions of 500 mg were analyzed by EDXRF, followed by chemical treatment for FAAS analysis. For the quality of the analytical procedure, the standard reference material SRM 2976 Mussel Tissue was analyzed together with the samples. The results for the analysis of the certified reference material SRM 2976 indicated the quality of the analytical procedure for both techniques. Adjusted-R{sup 2} between EDXRF and FAAS results was 0.95, indicating a good equivalence of Zn determination by both techniques. However, some improvement of EDXRF determination could be necessary because of the tendency of lower results compared to FAAS, probably related to spectral interferences during the analysis. (author)

  14. Section 608 Technician Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Certifications for technicians who maintain, service, repair, or dispose of equipment that could release ozone depleting refrigerants or, after January 1, 2018, substitute refrigerants into the atmosphere.

  15. Medical Certification System -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — Provides automated risk-based decision making capability in support of medical certification and clearances processing associated fees and supporting surveillance of...

  16. RSES heat pump technician certification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeiner, J.

    1996-06-01

    In 1987 the National Heat Pump certification test was developed by the Refrigeration Service Engineers Society (RSES), and in 1994, the program was more specifically named Heat Pump Service Technician Certification. This report describes the benefits of certification.

  17. 14 CFR 61.425 - How do I renew my flight instructor certificate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How do I renew my flight instructor... Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.425 How do I renew my flight instructor certificate? If you hold a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating you may renew your certificate in accordance...

  18. EAS Telecommunications Certification Bodies (TCB)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Communications Commission — EAS (Equipment Authorization System). A Telecommunication Certification Body (TCB) is an accredited product certification body with the authority to issue Grants of...

  19. Soy production and certification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tomei, Julia; Semino, Stella Maris; Paul, Helena

    2010-01-01

    With the rising emphasis on biofuels as a potential solution to climate change, this paper asks whether certification schemes, developed to promote sustainable feedstock production, are able to deliver genuine sustainability benefits. The Round Table on Responsible Soy (RTRS) is a certification s...

  20. Converse Barrier Certificate Theorems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisniewski, Rafael; Sloth, Christoffer

    2016-01-01

    This paper shows that a barrier certificate exists for any safe dynamical system. Specifically, we prove converse barrier certificate theorems for a class of structurally stable dynamical systems. Other authors have developed a related result by assuming that the dynamical system has neither sing...

  1. Certification Programs for Citrus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Citrus certification programs designed to ensure that healthy plants of the highest genetic potential are being planted in the field are the basic building block of an integrated pest management program. Certification programs began for citrus began with the discovery that the diseases were graft t...

  2. Extraction of nickel from edible oils with a complexing agent prior to determination by FAAS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokay, Feyzullah; Bağdat, Sema

    2016-04-15

    In the present work, a new extraction method for separation of nickel from edible oils and determination by FAAS is reported. This method is based on extraction of Ni(II) ions from the oil to aqueous phase with N,N'-bis(4-methoxysalicylidene) ethylenediamine (MSE) and determination by FAAS. Properties of the complex formed between MSE and Ni(II) were investigated spectrophotometrically. Central composite design (CCD) was utilized for optimization of MSE to oil, stirring time and temperature, which were 0.97 mL g(-1), 15.4 min, and 29.7°C, respectively. The developed method was tested with an oil-based metal standard and the recovery was 93.8±3.9%. The proposed method was applied with five different edible oils.

  3. ADSORPTION BEHAVIOUR OF Mn(Ⅱ) AND Zn(Ⅱ) ON ATTAPULGITE WITH FAAS METHOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Bingbing; LI Chunxiang; LIU Aiqin; XIAO Bo

    2008-01-01

    Active attapulbgite as adsorptive reagent, the adsorptive behavior of Mn(Ⅱ) and Zn(Ⅱ) was studied with Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS) method.The mainly factors of influencing the adsorption and desorption of Mn(Ⅱ) and Zn(Ⅱ) were discussed.The interference of coexisting ions was investigated, and the actual sample determination from adzuki beans, mung beans and phosphating waste water was conducted with good result.

  4. ADSORPTION BEHAVIOUR OF Mn(Ⅱ) AND Zn(Ⅱ) ON ATTAPULGITE WITH FAAS METHOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Active attapulbgite as adsorptive reagent, the adsorptive behavior of Mn(II) and Zn(II) was studied with Flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS) method. The mainly factors of influencing the adsorption and desorption of Mn(II) and Zn(II) were discussed. The interference of coexisting ions was investigated, and the actual sample determination from adzuki beans, mung beans and phosphating waste water was conducted with good result.

  5. NextGen Technologies on the FAA's Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witzberger, Kevin; Swenson, Harry; Martin, Lynne; Lin, Melody; Cheng, Jinn-Hwei

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the integration, evaluation, and results from a high-fidelity human-in-the-loop (HITL) simulation of key NASA Air Traffic Management Technology Demonstration - 1 (ATD- 1) technologies implemented in an enhanced version of the FAA's Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System (STARS) platform. These ATD-1 technologies include: (1) a NASA enhanced version of the FAA's Time-Based Flow Management, (2) a NASA ground-based automation technology known as controller-managed spacing (CMS), and (3) a NASA advanced avionics airborne technology known as flight-deck interval management (FIM). These ATD-1 technologies have been extensively tested in large-scale HITL simulations using general-purpose workstations to study air transportation technologies. These general purpose workstations perform multiple functions and are collectively referred to as the Multi-Aircraft Control System (MACS). Researchers at NASA Ames Research Center and Raytheon collaborated to augment the STARS platform by including CMS and FIM advisory tools to validate the feasibility of integrating these automation enhancements into the current FAA automation infrastructure. NASA Ames acquired three STARS terminal controller workstations, and then integrated the ATD-1 technologies. HITL simulations were conducted to evaluate the ATD-1 technologies when using the STARS platform. These results were compared with the results obtained when the ATD-1 technologies were tested in the MACS environment. Results collected from the numerical data show acceptably minor differences, and, together with the subjective controller questionnaires showing a trend towards preferring STARS, validate the ATD-1/STARS integration.

  6. Simultaneous quantification of depolymerization and mineralization rates by a novel 15N tracing model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andresen, Louise C.; Björsne, Anna-Karin; Bodé, Samuel; Klemedtsson, Leif; Boeckx, Pascal; Rütting, Tobias

    2016-09-01

    The depolymerization of soil organic matter, such as proteins and (oligo-)peptides, into monomers (e.g. amino acids) is currently considered to be the rate-limiting step for nitrogen (N) availability in terrestrial ecosystems. The mineralization of free amino acids (FAAs), liberated by the depolymerization of peptides, is an important fraction of the total mineralization of organic N. Hence, the accurate assessment of peptide depolymerization and FAA mineralization rates is important in order to gain a better process-based understanding of the soil N cycle. In this paper, we present an extended numerical 15N tracing model Ntrace, which incorporates the FAA pool and related N processes in order to provide a more robust and simultaneous quantification of depolymerization and gross mineralization rates of FAAs and soil organic N. We discuss analytical and numerical approaches for two forest soils, suggest improvements of the experimental work for future studies, and conclude that (i) when about half of all depolymerized peptide N is directly mineralized, FAA mineralization can be as important a rate-limiting step for total gross N mineralization as peptide depolymerization rate; (ii) gross FAA mineralization and FAA immobilization rates can be used to develop FAA use efficiency (NUEFAA), which can reveal microbial N or carbon (C) limitation.

  7. 49 CFR 583.13 - Supplier certification and certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Supplier certification and certificates. 583.13... § 583.13 Supplier certification and certificates. Each supplier shall certify the information on each... supplier in any mode (e.g., paper, electronic) provided the mode contains all information in...

  8. Certification Report: Army Aviation Alternative Fuels Certification Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    SPECIAL REPORT RDMR-AE-16-02 CERTIFICATION REPORT: ARMY AVIATION ALTERNATIVE FUELS CERTIFICATION PROGRAM Dale Cox...NOT TO BE CONSTRUED AS AN OFFICIAL DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY POSITION UNLESS SO DESIGNATED BY OTHER AUTHORIZED DOCUMENTS. TRADE NAMES USE...COVERED Final 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Certification Report: Army Aviation Alternative Fuels Certification Program 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6

  9. 47 CFR 76.912 - Joint certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation § 76.912 Joint certification. (a) Franchising authorities..., joint hearings, data collection, and ratemaking. Franchising authorities jointly certified to regulate their cable system(s) may make independent rate decisions. (b) Franchising authorities may apply...

  10. 5 CFR 1330.404 - Certification criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal Certification for Pay Purposes § 1330... performance; (ii) The results of the senior employee appraisal process take into account, as appropriate, the... determining performance ratings. For equivalent systems that do not use summary ratings, the appraisal...

  11. 14 CFR 65.73 - Ratings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CERTIFICATION: AIRMEN OTHER THAN FLIGHT CREWMEMBERS Mechanics § 65.73 Ratings. (a) The following ratings are issued under this subpart: (1) Airframe. (2) Powerplant. (b) A mechanic certificate with an aircraft or... mechanic certificate with an airframe or powerplant rating, or both, as the case may be, and may...

  12. 47 CFR 76.910 - Franchising authority certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Franchising authority certification. 76.910... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation § 76.910 Franchising authority certification. (a) A franchising authority must be certified by the Commission in order to regulate the...

  13. 47 CFR 76.914 - Revocation of certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Revocation of certification. 76.914 Section 76... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Cable Rate Regulation § 76.914 Revocation of certification. (a...), or any of the provisions of § 76.910(b). (b) In all cases of revocation, the Commission will...

  14. 19 CFR 10.422 - Submission of certificate of eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... agent having knowledge of the relevant facts. (c) Language. The certificate of eligibility must be completed either in the English or Spanish language. If the certificate is completed in Spanish, the...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United...

  15. Converse Barrier Certificate Theorem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisniewski, Rafael; Sloth, Christoffer

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a converse barrier certificate theorem for a generic dynamical system.We show that a barrier certificate exists for any safe dynamical system defined on a compact manifold. Other authors have developed a related result, by assuming that the dynamical system has no singular...... points in the considered subset of the state space. In this paper, we redefine the standard notion of safety to comply with generic dynamical systems with multiple singularities. Afterwards, we prove the converse barrier certificate theorem and illustrate the differences between ours and previous work...

  16. Employment certificates on HRT

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    As part of the ongoing drive to simplify and streamline administrative procedures and processes, the IT and HR Departments have made employment certificates available on a self-service basis on the HRT application, in the main menu under "My self services". All members of the personnel can thus obtain a certificate of employment or association, in French or in English, for the present or past contractual period. The HR Department’s Records Office remains responsible for issuing any special certificates that might be required. IT-AIS (Administrative Information Services) HR-SPS (Services, Procedures & Social) Records Office – Tel. 73700

  17. CFPC's Certification Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handfield-Jones, Richard; Hollingworth, Gary R.

    1990-01-01

    The certification examination of the College of Family Physicians of Canada is designed to assess the extent to which the College's educational objectives have been achieved. Since the first examination in 1969, more than 7000 physicians have received their certification. The authors describe the basic elements of this test and the process through which the Committee on Examinations designs and sets the examination. The authors comment on the role of the certification process in the education of family physicians in Canada. Imagesp2073-a PMID:21233952

  18. 14 CFR 65.107 - Repairman certificate (light-sport aircraft): Eligibility, privileges, and limits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... certificate (light-sport aircraft) with a maintenance rating (i) Meet the requirements of paragraph (a)(1) of... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Repairman certificate (light-sport aircraft... CREWMEMBERS Repairmen § 65.107 Repairman certificate (light-sport aircraft): Eligibility, privileges, and...

  19. Indirect Air Carrier Certification

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Required information is entered in order to obtain an IAC certification and do business as an IAC. Information is verified through site inspections and inspections...

  20. Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs), are tradable, non-tangible energy commodities in the United States that represent proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity was generated from an eligible renewable energy resource.

  1. Determination of Iron (Fe and Calcium (Ca in NIST SRM 1566b (Oyster tissue using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (F-AAS by Standard Addition Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fitri Dara

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available NIST Standard Reference Material (SRM 1566b was employed for the determination of Iron (Fe andCalcium (Ca as nutrients in food matrix using Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (F-AAS. Thecertified value of SRM 1566b for Fe and Ca are 205.8 ± 6.8 mg/kg and 0.0838 ± 0.0020 (% or 838 ±20 mg/kg, respectively. This certified values are based on results obtained by single primary method(Isotope Dilution Inductively Couple Plasma Mass Spectrometry at NIST with confirmation by othermethods at National Metrology Institute of P.R. China. This paper proposed a method fordetermination of Fe and Ca in food matrix as recommended by AOAC official with a littlemodification. The method was commenced from the destruction of all organic matter by dry oxidationbefore analysis by standard addition. Under optimum condition, the results of the determination of Feand Ca in SRM 1566b were agreed well with the certificate value. This method would be useful forroutine analysis in food testing laboratories.

  2. Determination of some trace metals by FAAS after solid-phase extraction with amberlite XAD-1180/TAN chelating resin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Vedat; Kartal, Senol

    2012-01-01

    A new chelating resin was synthesized by immobilizing 1-(2-thiazolylazo)-2-naphthol through the -N=N- group on Amberlite XAD-1180. The resin was used for the preconcentration of Cd(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Mn(II), Ni(II), and Pb(II) ions and their determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). The influences of some analytical parameters, such as the pH, volume of the sample, flow rates of the sample and eluent, matrix components, amount of the resin, and amount and type of the eluent on the recovery, were investigated. Those metals retained on the resin at pH 8.5 were eluted with 25 mL of 2 mol L(-1) HNO(3). The sorption capacity of the resin was determined, except for Pb(II). The recoveries were found to be ≥95%, and the relative standard-deviation values were ≤4.3%. The detection limits were in the range of 0.1 - 3.6 µg L(-1). For the accuracy of the method, the analysis of a certified reference material was performed. This method was applied to environmental water samples.

  3. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS CERTIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aniko Miler-Virc

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ISO 14001 prescribes the requirements for a system, not environmental performance itself. Similarly, certification is of the management system itself, not environmental performance. An audit is not conducted to ascertain whether your flue gas emissions are less than X part per million nitrous oxide or that your wastewater effluent contains less that Y milligrams of bacteria per litre. Consequently, the procces of auditing the system for compliance to the standard entails checking to see that all of the necessary components of a functioning system are present and working properly.           A company can have a complete and fully functional EMS as prescribed by ISO 14001 without being certified. As certification can add to the time and expense of EMS development, it is important for you to establish, in advance, whether certification is of net benefit to you. Although most companies that develop an EMS do in fact certify, there are cases where certification does not add immediate value. Certification is not always beneficial to small and medium sized companies. Certification is not always necessary for companies with one or two large clients with environmental demands who are satisfied that you have a functional EMS (second-party declaration. Whatever decision you make, it is important to remember that just as a driver′s licence does not automatically make you a good driver, ISO 14001 certification does not automatically make your company environmentally benign or ensure that you will continually improve environmental performance. The system is only as good as the people who operate it.

  4. Consensus recommendations on rater training and certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Mark D; Daniel, David G; Opler, Mark; Wise-Rankovic, Alexandria; Kalali, Amir

    2014-01-01

    There is currently no accepted standard for the clinical research industry to follow when selecting and training raters to administer rating scales in clinical neuroscience trials. This article offers guidelines, based on expert recommendations of the CNS Summit Rater Training and Certification Committee, for selecting, training, and evaluating raters. The article also defines terminology and offers recommendations for considering raters with prior training and certification. These guidelines are intended for investigators, pharmaceutical companies, contract research organizations, and other entities involved in clinical neuroscience trials.

  5. The FAA's postmortem forensic toxicology self-evaluated proficiency test program: the second seven years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaturvedi, Arvind K; Craft, Kristi J; Cardona, Patrick S; Rogers, Paul B; Canfield, Dennis V

    2009-05-01

    During toxicological evaluations of samples from fatally injured pilots involved in civil aviation accidents, a high degree of quality control/quality assurance (QC/QA) is maintained. Under this philosophy, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) started a forensic toxicology proficiency-testing (PT) program in July 1991. In continuation of the first seven years of the PT findings reported earlier, PT findings of the next seven years are summarized herein. Twenty-eight survey samples (12 urine, 9 blood, and 7 tissue homogenate) with/without alcohols/volatiles, drugs, and/or putrefactive amine(s) were submitted to an average of 31 laboratories, of which an average of 25 participants returned their results. Analytes in survey samples were correctly identified and quantitated by a large number of participants, but some false positives of concern were reported. It is anticipated that the FAA's PT program will continue to serve the forensic toxicology community through this important part of the QC/QA for laboratory accreditations.

  6. Certificate Revocation Using Fine Grained Certificate Space Partitioning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Vipul

    A new certificate revocation system is presented. The basic idea is to divide the certificate space into several partitions, the number of partitions being dependent on the PKI environment. Each partition contains the status of a set of certificates. A partition may either expire or be renewed at the end of a time slot. This is done efficiently using hash chains.

  7. International Comparison of Product Certification and Verification Methods for Appliances

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Nan [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Romankiewicz, John [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Fridley, David [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Zheng, Nina [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2012-06-01

    Enforcement of appliance standards and consumer trust in appliance labeling are important foundations of growing a more energy efficient economy. Product certification and verification increase compliance rates which in turn increase both energy savings and consumer trust. This paper will serve two purposes: 1) to review international practices for product certification and verification as they relate to the enforcement of standards and labeling programs in the U.S., E.U., Australia, Japan, Canada, and China; and 2) to make recommendations for China to implement improved certification processes related to their mandatory standards and labeling program such as to increase compliance rates and energy savings potential.

  8. International comparison of product certification and verification methods for appliances

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Nan [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Romankiewicz, John [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Fridley, David [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Zheng, Nina [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2012-06-01

    Enforcement of appliance standards and consumer trust in appliance labeling are important foundations of growing a more energy efficient economy. Product certification and verification increase compliance rates which in turn increase both energy savings and consumer trust. This paper will serve two purposes: 1) to review international practices for product certification and verification as they relate to the enforcement of standards and labeling programs in the U.S., E.U., Australia, Japan, Canada, and China; and 2) to make recommendations for China to implement improved certification processes related to their mandatory standards and labeling program such as to increase compliance rates and energy savings potential.

  9. Rehabilitation Counselor Certification: Moving Forward

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Jodi L.; Barros-Bailey, Mary; Chapman, Cindy; Nunez, Patricia

    2009-01-01

    This article provides a brief history of the Commission on Rehabilitation Counselor Certification and presents recent changes and strategic goals for moving forward. Challenges and opportunities for the profession in relation to certification are also discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)

  10. Board Certification in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Susan L.; Lichtenberg, James W.; Pollard, Jeffrey W.

    2012-01-01

    Although specialty board certification by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) has been a valued standard for decades, the vast majority of counseling psychologists do not pursue board certification in the specialty. The present article provides a brief history of board certification in general and some historical information about…

  11. Board Certification in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Susan L.; Lichtenberg, James W.; Pollard, Jeffrey W.

    2012-01-01

    Although specialty board certification by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) has been a valued standard for decades, the vast majority of counseling psychologists do not pursue board certification in the specialty. The present article provides a brief history of board certification in general and some historical information about…

  12. 77 FR 6482 - Conductor Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ... TRANSPORTATION Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Part 242 Conductor Certification AGENCY: Federal Railroad..., published on November 9, 2011, which prescribed regulations for certification of conductors as required by... Certification, U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Mail Stop-25, Room...

  13. 75 FR 45007 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Requests for Comments; Clearance of Renewed Approval of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-30

    ... of Renewed Approval of Information Collection(s): Verification of Authenticity of Foreign License...: Verification of Authenticity of Foreign License, Rating and Medical Certification. Form Numbers: FAA form...

  14. 14 CFR 91.327 - Aircraft having a special airworthiness certificate in the light-sport category: Operating...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... certificated repairman with a light-sport aircraft maintenance rating, an appropriately rated mechanic, or an... (light-sport aircraft) with a maintenance rating, an appropriately rated mechanic, or an appropriately... certificated repairman with a light-sport aircraft maintenance rating, an appropriately rated mechanic, or...

  15. What is organic certification?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Certified organic crop production is a holistic approach to sustainable and healthy food production to enhance the well being of the consumer, while protecting natural resources. Organic certification was implemented by the National Organic Program (NOP) in 2002 in recognition of the necessity for c...

  16. Precision Departure Release Capability (PDRC) Overview and Results: NASA to FAA Research Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelland, Shawn; Davis, Tom.

    2013-01-01

    NASA researchers developed the Precision Departure Release Capability (PDRC) concept to improve the tactical departure scheduling process. The PDRC system is comprised of: 1) a surface automation system that computes ready time predictions and departure runway assignments, 2) an en route scheduling automation tool that uses this information to estimate ascent trajectories to the merge point and computes release times and, 3) an interface that provides two-way communication between the two systems. To minimize technology transfer issues and facilitate its adoption by TMCs and Frontline Managers (FLM), NASA developed the PDRC prototype using the Surface Decision Support System (SDSS) for the Tower surface automation tool, a research version of the FAA TMA (RTMA) for en route automation tool and a digital interface between the two DSTs to facilitate coordination.

  17. FAA Air Traffic Control Operations Concepts. Volume 7. ATCT (Airport Traffic Control Towers) Tower Controllers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-21

    DEVIATION SI’UATION RESORVE DEVIA11ON SITUATION REU IRED ý1.2.4.3 f i f FOCMULATE ADVSORY/ SAFETY GEERATE CLEARANCE ALERT GWENTET T1.3.1.6 PISSUEIH...l BN AIRCRAFT VEHICLEJ L~ Z S CTP1T1.4.2.2 11 .2.4.1___ RECEIVE NOT IC OF S’ECIAL OBERVE A-IRCRAFT! VEHICLE Cct-7ION~c-/ EMERGIEFNY PERCEIVE. PRESE...1RESPF•WIUNGTO 1 RANSIENT M( Z •NIlC4,11(11 FAILURES T1.7.8 . . . RESPO!&IrC TO AIRPORT EQUI, .T FAILURES ] T1".7.9 RESPOV0G "TO HOST FAILURES DOT/FAA/AP

  18. Simultaneous preconcentration of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Cd(II) from environmental samples on Amberlite XAD-2000 column and determination by FAAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duran, Celal [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon (Turkey)], E-mail: cduran@ktu.edu.tr; Senturk, Hasan Basri [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon (Turkey); Elci, Latif [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Pamukkale University, 20020 Denizli (Turkey); Soylak, Mustafa [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey); Tufekci, Mehmet [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon (Turkey)

    2009-02-15

    A new method for the preconcentration of some trace metals (Co, Ni, Cu, and Cd) as complexed with ammonium pyrrolidynedithiocarbamate (APDC) was developed using a mini-column filled with Amberlite XAD-2000 resin. Metal contents were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) after the metal complexes accumulated on the resin were eluted with 1 M HNO{sub 3} in acetone. The effects of the analytical parameters such as sample pH, quantity of complexing agent, eluent type, resin quantity, sample volume, sample flow rate, and matrix ions were investigated on the recovery of the metals from aqueous solutions. The relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) of the method was <6%. The validation of the method was confirmed using two certified reference materials (CRM TMDW-500 Drinking Water and CRM SA-C Sandy Soil C). The method was successfully applied to some stream waters and mushroom samples from Eastern Black Sea Region (Trabzon city) of Turkey.

  19. Simultaneous preconcentration of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Cd(II) from environmental samples on Amberlite XAD-2000 column and determination by FAAS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duran, Celal; Senturk, Hasan Basri; Elci, Latif; Soylak, Mustafa; Tufekci, Mehmet

    2009-02-15

    A new method for the preconcentration of some trace metals (Co, Ni, Cu, and Cd) as complexed with ammonium pyrrolidynedithiocarbamate (APDC) was developed using a mini-column filled with Amberlite XAD-2000 resin. Metal contents were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) after the metal complexes accumulated on the resin were eluted with 1M HNO(3) in acetone. The effects of the analytical parameters such as sample pH, quantity of complexing agent, eluent type, resin quantity, sample volume, sample flow rate, and matrix ions were investigated on the recovery of the metals from aqueous solutions. The relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) of the method was <6%. The validation of the method was confirmed using two certified reference materials (CRM TMDW-500 Drinking Water and CRM SA-C Sandy Soil C). The method was successfully applied to some stream waters and mushroom samples from Eastern Black Sea Region (Trabzon city) of Turkey.

  20. Improvement of copper FAAS determination conditions via preconcentration procedure with the use of salicylaldoxime complex trapped in polymer matrix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobiasz, Anna; Walas, Stanisław; Landowska, Lucyna; Konefał-Góral, Jadwiga

    2012-07-15

    The paper presents application of a new resin dedicated to copper(II) flow-injection on-line preconcentration prior its flame atomic absorption spectrometric (FAAS) determination. The new sorbent, obtained by suspension polymerization technique, was styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer modified with 5-dodecylsalicylaldoxime-copper(II) complex. In flow mode leaching of initially imprinted Cu(II) ions from polymer beads was effective with 1% (v/v) nitric acid, however for elution of ions retained on the sorbent during the loading process sufficient efficiency was obtained for 0.5% (v/v) nitric acid. The most effective copper(II) sorption was observed within sample pH ca. 6.3 at flow rate 7.5mLmin(-1). Furthermore, preconcentration studies of Cu(II) ions realized in the presence of popular foreign ions like Cd(II), Pb(II), Zn(II), Ni(II), Mn(II), Co(II) did not reveal significant interference. The expected effect of Cu(II)-imprinting was confirmed by higher tolerance level for interferents ions concentration for the new sorbent than for the control polymer. It was found that alkaline metals ions and humic acid had the most relevant influence on copper(II) uptake. Accuracy of the evaluated method was assessed for analysis of water samples (tap and mineral water, river water, artesian water) and certified water reference materials compare them to results obtained by inductively plasma mass spectrometry. The satisfactory relative error values obtained with use of standard addition calibration method, confirms the feasibility of this method for Cu(II) determination in water samples. Application of 120s sorption time enabled to obtain 74-fold enrichment factor and limit of detection (3σ) equal to 0.4μgL(-1). Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. 49 CFR 23.45 - What are the requirements for submitting overall goal information to the FAA?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Transportation PARTICIPATION OF DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS ENTERPRISE IN AIRPORT CONCESSIONS Goals, Good Faith...-conscious means, respectively, and the basis for making this projection (see § 23.51(d)(5)) (g) FAA may approve or disapprove the way you calculated your goal, including your race-neutral/race-conscious “split...

  2. 14 CFR 11.21 - What are the most common kinds of rulemaking actions for which FAA follows the Administrative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What are the most common kinds of rulemaking actions for which FAA follows the Administrative Procedure Act? 11.21 Section 11.21 Aeronautics... RULEMAKING PROCEDURES Rulemaking Procedures General § 11.21 What are the most common kinds of...

  3. 14 CFR 193.17 - How must design and production approval holders handle information they receive from the FAA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS PROTECTION OF VOLUNTARILY SUBMITTED INFORMATION § 193.17 How must design and production approval... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How must design and production approval holders handle information they receive from the FAA under this part? 193.17 Section 193.17...

  4. The Consequences of the FAA not Offering Emergency Agricultural UAS Rules for Water Conservation During the 2012 Drought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling, R. G.

    2016-12-01

    The FAA's policies for agricultural Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) is essential towards preservation and optimization of water use in the parched Western United States. Had FAA applied emergency rules putting farmers on equal-footing with hobbyists for sUAS use at the beginning of the 2012 drought, the Western US could have been able to save approximately 3 Million/AF of water through improved irrigation management. For perspective, Los Angeles city's annual current consumption is 587,000 acre-feet. This study uses various assumptions about developed water use in agriculture and urban areas to determine water use, energy consumption, monetary loss through delay in FAA regulations. If the saved water was added to the ground the energy savings could have been approximately 1.27 Terra-Watt hours, enough energy to power the entire University of California system for 5 years. It remains unclear if new FAA regulations are sufficiently permissive to allow for widespread adoption of sUAS based precision agriculture. Substantial opportunities exist for utilizing UAS traffic management software in rural areas of less crowed airspace: incorporating geofencing and a notification system to operators and air traffic control as an alternative to a difficult examination process.

  5. 41 CFR 102-37.535 - What information must FAA provide to GSA on its administration of the public airport donation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... FAA provide to GSA on its administration of the public airport donation program? 102-37.535 Section... (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 37-DONATION OF SURPLUS PERSONAL PROPERTY Donations to Public Airports § 102-37.535 What information must FAA provide to GSA on its administration...

  6. Policy Pathways: Energy Performance Certification of Buildings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    Improving energy efficiency is one of the most effective measures to address energy security, climate change and economic objectives. The Policy Pathways series can help countries capture this potential by assisting with the implementation of the 25 energy efficiency policy recommendations that were published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) in 2008. This policy pathway on energy performance certification of buildings is the second in the series. It aims to provide a 'how-to' guide to policy makers and relevant stakeholders on the essential elements in implementing energy performance certification of buildings programmes. Energy performance certification of buildings is a way to rate the energy efficiency of individual buildings -- whether they be residential, commercial or public. It is a key policy instrument that can assist governments in reducing energy consumption in buildings. This policy pathway showcases experiences from countries around the world to show examples of good practice and delivers a pathway of ten critical steps to implement energy performance certification of buildings programmes.

  7. Certification/enforcement analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-06-01

    Industry compliance with minimum energy efficiency standards will be assured through a two-part program approach of certification and enforcement activities. The technical support document (TSD) presents the analyses upon which the proposed rule for assuring that consumer product comply with applicable energy efficiency standards is based. Much of the TSD is based upon support provided DOE by Vitro Laboratories. The OAO Corporation provided additional support in the development of the sampling plan incorporated in the proposed rule. Vitro's recommended approach to appliance certification and enforcement, developed after consideration of various program options, benefits, and impacts, establishes the C/E program framework, general criteria, and procedures for assuring a specified level of energy efficiency performance of covered consumer products. The results of the OAO analysis are given in Volume II of the TSD.

  8. Certification/enforcement analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-06-01

    Industry compliance with minimum energy efficiency standards will be assured through a two-part program approach of certification and enforcement activities. The technical support document (TSD) presents the analyses upon which the proposed rule for assuring that consumer product comply with applicable energy efficiency standards is based. Much of the TSD is based upon support provided DOE by Vitro Laboratories. The OAO Corporation provided additional support in the development of the sampling plan incorporated in the proposed rule. Vitro's recommended approach to appliance certification and enforcement, developed after consideration of various program options, benefits, and impacts, establishes the C/E program framework, general criteria, and procedures for assuring a specified level of energy efficiency performance of covered consumer products. The results of the OAO analysis are given in Volume II of the TSD.

  9. 33 CFR 159.15 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 159.15 Section 159... MARINE SANITATION DEVICES Certification Procedures § 159.15 Certification. (a) The recognized facility... certified, the Coast Guard includes a certification number for the device. If certification is denied,...

  10. 30 CFR 850.15 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 850.15 Section 850.15 Mineral..., EXAMINATION, AND CERTIFICATION OF BLASTERS PERMANENT REGULATORY PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS-STANDARDS FOR CERTIFICATION OF BLASTERS § 850.15 Certification. (a) Issuance of certification. The regulatory authority...

  11. 9 CFR 151.4 - Pedigree certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pedigree certificate. 151.4 Section... Purebred Animals § 151.4 Pedigree certificate. A pedigree certificate for an animal of a breed listed in... English in the pedigree certificate for the animal or in a separate certificate appended to the pedigree...

  12. 42 CFR 493.43 - Application for registration certificate, certificate for provider-performed microscopy (PPM...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., certificate for provider-performed microscopy (PPM) procedures, and certificate of compliance. 493.43 Section... Provider-performed Microscopy Procedures, and Certificate of Compliance § 493.43 Application for registration certificate, certificate for provider-performed microscopy (PPM) procedures, and certificate...

  13. Certification trails for data structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Gregory F.; Masson, Gerald M.

    1993-01-01

    Certification trails are a recently introduced and promising approach to fault detection and fault tolerance. The applicability of the certification trail technique is significantly generalized. Previously, certification trails had to be customized to each algorithm application; trails appropriate to wide classes of algorithms were developed. These certification trails are based on common data-structure operations such as those carried out using these sets of operations such as those carried out using balanced binary trees and heaps. Any algorithms using these sets of operations can therefore employ the certification trail method to achieve software fault tolerance. To exemplify the scope of the generalization of the certification trail technique provided, constructions of trails for abstract data types such as priority queues and union-find structures are given. These trails are applicable to any data-structure implementation of the abstract data type. It is also shown that these ideals lead naturally to monitors for data-structure operations.

  14. Efficient Certificate Management in VANET

    CERN Document Server

    Samara, Ghassan

    2012-01-01

    Vehicular Ad hoc Networks is one of the most challenging research area in the field of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, in this research We propose a flexible, simple, and scalable design for VANET certificates, and new methods for efficient certificate management, which will Reduce channel overhead by eliminating the use of CRL, and make Better certificate Revocation Management. Also it will increase the security of the network and helps in identifying the adversary vehicle.

  15. CFPC's Certification Examination: An overview

    OpenAIRE

    Handfield-Jones, Richard; Hollingworth, Gary R

    1990-01-01

    The certification examination of the College of Family Physicians of Canada is designed to assess the extent to which the College's educational objectives have been achieved. Since the first examination in 1969, more than 7000 physicians have received their certification. The authors describe the basic elements of this test and the process through which the Committee on Examinations designs and sets the examination. The authors comment on the role of the certification process in the education...

  16. COSPAS-SARSAT Beacon Certification Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — EPG's COSPAS-SARSAT Beacon Certification Facility is one of five certification facilities in the world. Formal certifications are available for all beacon types and...

  17. 77 FR 70176 - Previous Participation Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-23

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Previous Participation Certification AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer... digital submission of all data and certifications is available via HUD's secure Internet systems. However...: Previous Participation Certification. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0118. Form Numbers: HUD-2530 ....

  18. [Determination of eight metal elements in Cichorium glandulosum Boiss et Huet by microwave digestion-FAAS].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei, Ling-Peng; Zhou, Xiao-Ying; Cui, Jian; Pang, Zong-Ran; Liu, Hong-Bing; Ge, Liang

    2009-12-01

    The Cichorium glandulosum Boiss et Huet is a traditional Uighur natural herbal medicine, but has not been analyzed and studied in terms of its metal elements. In the experiment, the Cichorium glandulosum Boiss et Huet powder was digested with HNO3 by microwave digestion before determination. The eight metal elements, potassium, nickel, calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese, copper and zinc, in Cichorium glandulosum Boiss et Huet were determined by FAAS. The working conditions, accuracy and precision of the method were studied. The linear correlations of standard curves are good (r = 0.999 1-0.999 9). The recovery (n = 6) is 92.25%-110.5%, and the RSD (n = 6) is 0.7%-3.88%. The results showed that there were comparatively rich metal elements, among which are comparatively high calcium (65.84 mg x g(-1)), iron (24.38 mg x g(-1)), magnesium (278.17 mg x g(-1)) and potassium (18.50 mg x g(-1)), in Cichorium glandulosum Boiss et Huet, and the contents of other elements are nickel of 0.004 38 mg x g(-1), manganese of 0.52 mg x g(-1), copper of 0.016 5 mg x g(-1) and zinc of 0.18 mg x g(-1). This provided useful data for discussing the relationship between the content of the metal elements in Cichorium glandulosum Boiss et Huet and its clinical application in cardiovascular and osteoporosis disease.

  19. PULSE Pilot Certification Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Pape-Lindstrom

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The pilot certification process is an ambitious, nationwide endeavor designed to motivate important changes in life sciences education that are in line with the recommendations of the 2011 Vision and Change Report: A Call to Action (American Association for the Advancement of Science [AAAS], 2011.  It is the goal of the certification process to acknowledge departments that have progressed towards full implementation of the tenets of Vision and Change and to motivate departments that have not begun to adopt the recommendations to consider doing so.  More than 70 life science departments applied to be part of the pilot certification process, funded by a National Science Foundation grant, and eight were selected based on initial evidence of transformed and innovative educational practices.  The programs chosen represent a wide variety of schools, including two-year colleges, liberal-arts institutions, regional comprehensive colleges, research universities and minority serving institutions.  Outcomes from this pilot were released June 1, 2015 (www.pulsecommunity.org, with all eight programs being recognized as having progressed along a continuum of change.  Five levels of achievement were defined as PULSE Pilot Progression Levels.  Of the eight departments in the pilot, one achieved “PULSE Progression Level III: Accomplished”.  Six departments achieved “PULSE Progression Level II: Developing” and one pilot department achieved “PULSE Progression Level I: Beginning”.  All of the schools have made significant movement towards the recommendations of Vision and Change relative to a traditional life sciences curriculum.  Overall, the response from the eight pilot schools has been positive. 

  20. Education techniques for lifelong learning: international variations in initial certification and maintenance of certification in radiology: a multinational survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bresolin, Linda; McLoud, Theresa C; Becker, Gary J; Kwakwa, Francis

    2008-01-01

    A survey was sent to representatives of national and regional radiology societies around the world regarding the status of certification, maintenance of certification (MOC), and continuing medical education (CME) requirements. Data were forthcoming from 24 countries (response rate, 71%), including the United States. The survey results indicated that most responding countries now have a standardized process and requirements for initial certification of diagnostic and therapeutic radiologists. Similarly, most reporting countries now have some form of mandatory CME, although the degree to which compliance is tracked varies. There is considerable heterogeneity in what these countries require for recertification or MOC, and the development of such requirements is cited as a goal for many of the countries. The standardization and institutionalization of certification and recertification requirements is in rapid evolution globally.

  1. Are you considering organic certification?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organic certification was developed in recognition of the necessity for consistent standards across the U.S. for the benefit of producers, processors, wholesalers, retailers, and consumers. Prior to establishment of federal guidelines (National Organic Program) for organic certification in 2002, a ...

  2. Determination of zinc in edible oils by flow injection FAAS after extraction induced by emulsion breaking procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakircioglu, Dilek; Topraksever, Nukte; Kurtulus, Yasemin Bakircioglu

    2014-05-15

    A new procedure using extraction induced by emulsion breaking (EIEB) procedure has been developed for extraction/preconcentration of zinc in various edible oils (canola oil, corn oil, hazelnut oil, olive oil, and sunflower oil) prior to its determination by the single line flow injection (FI) flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Several parameters affecting the extraction efficiency of the procedure were investigated including the type and concentrations of surfactant, the concentration of HNO3, and the other operational conditions (emulsion breaking time and temperature). The limits of detection of 1.1 and 1.0 μg L(-1) were observed for zinc when aqueous standard and oil-based standards were added to the emulsions for calibration, respectively. The proposed procedure of combining EIEB and single line FI-FAAS can be regarded as a new procedure for the determination of zinc in edible oil samples.

  3. 47 CFR 76.917 - Notification of certification withdrawal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... certification withdrawal. A franchising authority that has been certified to regulate rates may, at any time... include the franchising authority's determination that rate regulation no longer serves the interests of cable subscribers served by the cable system within the franchising authority's jurisdiction, and...

  4. Direct Zinc Determination in Brazilian Sugar Cane Spirit by Solid-Phase Extraction Using Moringa oleifera Husks in a Flow System with Detection by FAAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa N. Alves

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports a method for the determination of zinc in Brazilian sugar cane spirit, (cachaça in Portuguese, using solid-phase extraction with a flow injection analysis system and detection by FAAS. The sorbent material used was activated carbon obtained from Moringa oleifera husks. Flow and chemical variables of the proposed system were optimized through multivariate designs. The factors selected were sorbent mass, sample pH, sample flow rate, and eluent concentration. The optimum extraction conditions were obtained using a sample pH of 4.0, a sample flow rate of 6.0 mL min-1, 30.0 mg of sorbent mass, and 1.0 mol L-1 HNO3 as the eluent at a flow rate of 4.0 mL min-1. The limit of detection for zinc was 1.9 μg L-1, and the precision was below 0.82% (20.0 μg L-1, n=7. The analytical curve was linear from 2 to 50 μg L-1, with a correlation coefficient of 0.9996. The method developed was successfully applied to spiked Brazilian sugar cane spirit, and accuracy was assessed through recovery tests, with results ranging from 83% to 100%.

  5. Biomimetic FAA-certifiable, artificial muscle structures for commercial aircraft wings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrett, Ronald M.; Barrett, Cassandra M.

    2014-07-01

    This paper is centered on a new form of adaptive material which functions much in the same way as skeletal muscle tissue, is structurally modeled on plant actuator cells and capable of rapidly expanding or shrinking by as much as an order of magnitude in prescribed directions. Rapid changes of plant cell shape and sizes are often initiated via ion-transport driven fluid migration and resulting turgor pressure variation. Certain plant cellular structures like those in Mimosa pudica (sensitive plant), Albizia julibrissin (Mimosa tree), or Dionaea muscipula (Venus Flytrap) all exhibit actuation physiology which employs such turgor pressure manipulation. The paper begins with dynamic micrographs of a sectioned basal articulation joint from A. julibrissin. These figures show large cellular dimensional changes as the structure undergoes foliage articulation. By mimicking such structures in aircraft flight control mechanisms, extremely lightweight pneumatic control surface actuators can be designed. This paper shows several fundamental layouts of such surfaces with actuator elements made exclusively from FAA-certifiable materials, summarizes their structural mechanics and shows actuator power and energy densities that are higher than nearly all classes of conventional adaptive materials available today. A sample flap structure is shown to possess the ability to change its shape and structural stiffness as its cell pressures are manipulated, which in turn changes the surface lift-curve slope when exposed to airflows. Because the structural stiffness can be altered, it is also shown that the commanded section lift-curve slope can be similarly controlled between 1.2 and 6.2 rad-1. Several aircraft weight reduction principles are also shown to come into play as the need to concentrate loads to pass through point actuators is eliminated. The paper concludes with a summary of interrelated performance and airframe-level improvements including enhanced gust rejection, load

  6. Potential for the speciation of Zn using fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC) and convective interaction media (CIM) fast monolithic chromatography with FAAS and electrospray (ES)-MS-MS detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svete, P; Milacic, R; Mitrovic, B; Pihlar, B

    2001-08-01

    Analytical procedures were developed for the speciation of Zn using fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC), flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) and convective interaction media (CIM) fast monolithic chromatography with FAAS and electrospray (ES)-MS-MS detection. The investigation was performed on synthetic solutions (2 microg cm-3 Zn) of hydrated Zn2+ species and Zn complexes with citrate, oxalate and EDTA (ligand-to-Zn molar ratio 100:1) over a pH range from 5.4 to 7.4. It was found that Zn interacts with various buffers and the careful adjustment of the pH with diluted solutions of KOH is, therefore, required. FPLC separations were carried out on a Mono Q HR 5/5 strong anion-exchange column, applying an aqueous 1 mol dm(-3) NH4NO3 linear gradient elution over 15 min, at a flow rate of 1.0 cm3 min(-1). The separated Zn species were determined in 1.0 cm3 eluate fractions "off line" by FAAS. Speciation of Zn was also performed on a weak anion-exchange CIM DEAE fast monolithic disc by applying an aqueous 0.4 mol dm(-3) NH4NO3 linear gradient elution over 7.5 min, at a flow rate of 2.0 cm3 min(-1) and determination of the separated Zn species in 1.0 cm3 eluate fractions "off line" by FAAS. Zn-binding ligands in separated fractions were also characterized by electrospray (ES)-MS-MS analysis. The CIM DEAE disc was found to be more efficient in the separation of negatively charged Zn complexes than the Mono Q FPLC column. On the CIM DEAE disc Zn-citrate was separated from both Zn-oxalate and from Zn-EDTA. All these species were also separated from hydrated Zn2+, which was eluted with the solvent front. This method has an advantage over commonly used analytical techniques for the speciation of Zn which are only able to distinguish between labile and strong Zn complexes. Good repeatability of the measurements (RSD 2-4%), tested for six parallel determinations (2 microg cm(-3) Zn) of Zn-EDTA, Zn-citrate and Zn-oxalate was found at a pH of 6.4 on a CIM DAEA disc

  7. Evaluating an educational intervention to improve the accuracy of death certification among trainees from various specialties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Villar Jesús

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The inaccuracy of death certification can lead to the misallocation of resources in health care programs and research. We evaluated the rate of errors in the completion of death certificates among medical residents from various specialties, before and after an educational intervention which was designed to improve the accuracy in the certification of the cause of death. Methods A 90-min seminar was delivered to seven mixed groups of medical trainees (n = 166 from several health care institutions in Spain. Physicians were asked to read and anonymously complete a same case-scenario of death certification before and after the seminar. We compared the rates of errors and the impact of the educational intervention before and after the seminar. Results A total of 332 death certificates (166 completed before and 166 completed after the intervention were audited. Death certificates were completed with errors by 71.1% of the physicians before the educational intervention. Following the seminar, the proportion of death certificates with errors decreased to 9% (p Conclusion Major errors in the completion of the correct cause of death on death certificates are common among medical residents. A simple educational intervention can dramatically improve the accuracy in the completion of death certificates by physicians.

  8. 40 CFR 92.208 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 92.208 Section 92.208... POLLUTION FROM LOCOMOTIVES AND LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES Certification Provisions § 92.208 Certification. (a) This... the application for certification, test reports and data acquired from a freshly...

  9. 21 CFR 80.31 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification. 80.31 Section 80.31 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL COLOR ADDITIVE CERTIFICATION Certification Procedures § 80.31 Certification. (a) If the Commissioner determines, after...

  10. 40 CFR 91.208 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 91.208 Section 91.208... Certification. (a) In the application for certification a manufacturer must: (1) Submit a statement that the engines for which certification is requested will not, to the best of the manufacturer's belief, cause...

  11. 40 CFR 94.208 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 94.208 Section 94.208... EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Certification Provisions § 94.208 Certification. (a) If, after a review of the application for certification, test reports and data acquired from an engine...

  12. 40 CFR 92.306 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 92.306 Section 92.306... POLLUTION FROM LOCOMOTIVES AND LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES Certification Averaging, Banking, and Trading Provisions § 92.306 Certification. (a) In the application for certification a manufacturer or remanufacturer...

  13. 19 CFR 10.180 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification. 10.180 Section 10.180 Customs... Frozen Beef § 10.180 Certification. (a) The foreign official's meat-inspection certificate required by U... certification below when fresh, chilled, or frozen beef is to be entered under the provisions of...

  14. 40 CFR 89.209 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 89.209 Section 89.209... Provisions § 89.209 Certification. (a) In the application for certification a manufacturer must: (1) Declare...) Submit a statement that the engines for which certification is requested will not, to the best of...

  15. 49 CFR 624.7 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 624.7 Section 624.7 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION CLEAN FUELS GRANT PROGRAM § 624.7 Certification. The applicant must use the certification contained in the Annual Notice of Assurances and Certifications published in the Federal Register...

  16. 2010 Guide to National Board Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This "Guide to National Board Certification" introduces teachers to the assessment process and provides them with useful information as they apply for National Board Certification or certification renewal, or order the "Take One!"[R] professional development kit. By participating in the National Board Certification process, teachers are joining…

  17. 5 CFR 1639.24 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 1639.24 Section 1639.24... Certification. (a) The Board will provide a certification to the paying agency in all cases in which: (1) The... to appear at a hearing. (b) The certification must be in writing and must include: (1) A...

  18. 7 CFR 1216.70 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 1216.70 Section 1216.70 Agriculture... INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Certification of Peanut Producer Organizations § 1216.70 Certification. (a) Organizations receiving certification from the Secretary will...

  19. 40 CFR 90.208 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 90.208 Section 90.208... EMISSIONS FROM NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS Certification Averaging, Banking, and Trading Provisions § 90.208 Certification. (a) In the application for certification a manufacturer...

  20. 26 CFR 1.43-3 - Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification 1.43-3 Section 1.43-3 Internal... § 1.43-3 Certification (a) Petroleum engineer's certification of a project—(1) In general. A petroleum... requirements of section 43(c)(2)(A). A petroleum engineer's certification must be submitted for each...

  1. 5 CFR 179.208 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 179.208 Section 179.208... Salary Offset § 179.208 Certification. (a) OPM salary offset coordinator shall provide a certification to... certification must be in writing and must state: (1) That the employee owes the debt; (2) The amount and...

  2. 46 CFR 107.258 - Crane certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Crane certification. 107.258 Section 107.258 Shipping... CERTIFICATION Inspection and Certification § 107.258 Crane certification. (a) The Coast Guard may accept current... West 44th Street, New York, NY 10036, on the Internet at http://www.icgb.com. (b) Crane...

  3. 40 CFR 94.306 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 94.306 Section 94.306... EMISSIONS FROM MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Certification Averaging, Banking, and Trading Provisions § 94.306 Certification. (a) In the application for certification a manufacturer must: (1) Declare...

  4. Renewable Energy Certificate Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gwendolyn S. Andersen

    2012-07-17

    This project was primarily to develop and implement a curriculum which will train undergraduate and graduate students at the University seeking a degree as well as training for enrollees in a special certification program to prepare individuals to be employed in a broad range of occupations in the field of renewable energy and energy conservation. Curriculum development was by teams of Saint Francis University Faculty in the Business Administration and Science Departments and industry experts. Students seeking undergraduate and graduate degrees are able to enroll in courses offered within these departments which will combine theory and hands-on training in the various elements of wind power development. For example, the business department curriculum areas include economic modeling, finance, contracting, etc. The science areas include meteorology, energy conversion and projection, species identification, habitat protection, field data collection and analysis, etc.

  5. 14 CFR 61.199 - Reinstatement requirements of an expired flight instructor certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reinstatement requirements of an expired... GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors Other than Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.199 Reinstatement requirements of an expired flight instructor certificate. (a) Flight instructor certificates. The...

  6. 76 FR 69801 - Conductor Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... definition of ``conductor'' is a fundamental element of the conductor certification regulation and FRA does... and 219. G. Vision and Hearing Acuity BLET/UTU commented that proposed Sec. 242.117(k) should...

  7. Dialysis technicians' perception of certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Helen F; Garbin, Margery

    2015-03-01

    The Nephrology Nursing Certification Commission initiated this research project to study the viewpoint of dialysis technicians regarding the value of certification. A national convenience sample was obtained using both paper-and-pencil and online forms of the survey instrument. Demographic characteristics were obtained concerning age, race, ethnicity, education, and future employment planning. Technicians' primary work settings, the roles they fill, and the types of certification they hold are described. Incentives offered by employers are considered to explore how they contribute to job satisfaction. Understanding the perceptions of technicians regarding the benefits of certification and the limitations of workplace incentives should enable employers to improve their recruitment and retention programs. Information obtained may offer a baseline for future observations of the characteristics of these significant and essential contributors to the nephrology workforce.

  8. Trust-based hexagonal clustering for efficient certificate management scheme in mobile ad hoc networks

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    V S JANANI; M S K MANIKANDAN

    2016-10-01

    The wireless and dynamic nature of mobile ad hoc networks (MANET) render them more vulnerable to security attacks. However, providing a security mechanism implicitly has been a major challenge in such an ad-hoc environment. Certificate management plays an important role in securing an ad-hoc network.Certificate assignment, verification, and revocation complexity associated with the Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) framework is significantly large. Smaller the size of the network lesser will be the certificate management complexity. However, smaller the size, large will be the overall infrastructural cost, and also larger will be the overall redundant certificates due to multiple certificate assignment at the boundary regions, that in turn affects the prompt and accurate certificate revocation. By taking these conflicting requirements into consideration, we propose the trust-based hexagonal clustering for an efficient certificate management (THCM) scheme, to bear an absolutely protected MANET Disparate to the existing clustering techniques, we present a hexagonal geographicclustering model with Voronoi technique where trust is accomplished. In particular, to compete against attackers, we initiate a certificate management strategy in which certificate assignment, verification, and revocation are carried out efficiently. The performance of THCM is evaluated by both simulation and empirical analysis in terms of effectiveness of revocation scheme (with respect to revocation rate and time), security, and communication cost. Besides, we conduct a mathematical analysis of measuring the parameters obtained from the two platforms in multiple times. Relevant results demonstrate that our design is efficient to guarantee a secured mobile ad hoc network.

  9. Analysis of Beijing Oral English Certificate Test

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵巍巍

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, assessing speaking has received a great degree of attention not only because it is difficult to develop and ad-minister, but also it plays a significant role in eliciting the purpose of foreign language learning. Studies on assessing speaking ex-plored different proposals influencing the test of speaking, such as the nature of speaking, basic types of speaking, mode of test and rating scales. This study compares different proposals for assessing speaking in foreign language learning. Deep analyses according to Beijing Oral English Certificate (BOEC) testing will be presented with the improvement suggestions.

  10. 14 CFR 147.11 - Ratings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Ratings. 147.11 Section 147.11 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SCHOOLS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AGENCIES AVIATION MAINTENANCE TECHNICIAN SCHOOLS Certification Requirements § 147.11 Ratings....

  11. Solid Phase Extraction of Trace Copper in Aqueous Samples Using C18 Membrane Disks Modified by Benzildithiosemicarbazone Prior to Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometric (FAAS Determination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mohammadhosseini

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A highly convenient, selective and sensitive procedure for pre-concentration, separation and determination of sub-ppm levels of Cu2+ in aqueous samples based on modification of octadecyl silica bonded phase membrane (OSBPM disks is described using benzildithiosemicarbazone  (BDSC as a powerful modifier. It was revealed that each loaded OSBPM disk with 6.0 mg of BDSC serves as excellent bead for trapping, enrichment and isolation of trace copper. The analyte was trapped during introduction the aqueous solutions through the surface of each modified membrane, quantitatively, while other interfering ions passed through the disk to drain. The adsorbed Cu2+ ions were then stripped by appropriate eluting agents followed by monitoring of the eluates by FAAS. The effects of sample pH, amount of the modifier, stripping agent types and sample flow-rates were also investigated. The described method permitted a pre-concentration factor of about 200. The detection limit of the procedure was predicted to be about 0.013 ng L-1. The method was successfully employed for recovery and quantification of trace copper in different water samples. 

  12. Development of a flotation method for preconcentration-separation of trace amounts of some metal ions in plant tissues prior to their FAAS determinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ghaedi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available An efficient flotation method based on the combination of flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS and separation and preconcentration step for determination of Cr3+, Cu 2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Cd 2+, Fe3+ and Pb2+ ions in various real samples by the possibility of applying bis(2-hydroxyacetophenone-1,4-butanediimine (BHABDI as a new collector was studied. The influence of pH, amount of BHABDI as collector, sample matrix, type and amount of eluting agent, type and amount of surfactant as floating agent, ionic strength and air flow rates i.e. variables affecting the efficiency of the extraction system was evaluated. It is ascertained that metal ions such as iron can be separated simultaneously from matrix in the presence of 0.012 mM ligand, 0.025% (w/v of CTAB to a test sample of 750 mL at pH 6.5. These ions can be eluted quantitatively with 6 mL of 1.0 mol L-1 HNO3 in methanol which lead to the enrichment factor of 125. The detection limits for analyte ions were in the range of 1.3-2.4 ng mL-1. The method has been successfully applied for determination of trace amounts of ions in various real samples.

  13. 14 CFR 61.409 - What flight proficiency requirements must I meet to apply for a flight instructor certificate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What flight proficiency requirements must I meet to apply for a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating? 61.409 Section 61.409... CERTIFICATION: PILOTS, FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating...

  14. Development of a 2nd generation energy certificate scheme - Danish experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, Ole Michael [Danish Building and Urban Research (Denmark); Hansen, Morten Tony [Danish Energy Authority (Denmark); Engelund Thomsen, Kirsten; Wittchen, Kim B. [Danish Building and Urban Research (Denmark)

    2007-07-01

    Energy certification as described in the European Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) will undoubtedly contribute to improving the energy performance of the European building stock. At the same time the Directive offers a unique opportunity to obtain valuable knowledge about the building stock for future surveys of energy saving potentials, compilation of energy saving measures and policy making. However, the knowledge attained will always depend on the quality of the energy certification scheme. Thus, developing energy certificate schemes deserves very careful consideration. This paper describes Danish experience, where mandatory energy certification schemes in operation since 1997 have been updated to accord with the EBPD requirements.On the basis of Danish experience, this paper will offer some insight about the relationship between data collection, certification procedure and quality control on one hand, and the quality of obtainable knowledge on the other. Also the relationship between the overall quality of the certificate and future possibilities to evaluate the effect of the scheme on the energy performance of the building stock will be discussed. With this background, lessons learned will be related to the current efforts in Denmark to improve the design of the 2nd generation energy certification scheme. Key issues considered include: How we can change from operational rating to asset rating and how we can ensure the quality of a new certification scheme? How can we make an expressive design to ensure transparency, reliability and 'saleability'? And how can we establish an efficient secretariat function?.

  15. 10 CFR Appendix C to Subpart B of... - Compliance Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies (EE-2J), Forrestal Building, 1000... differing physical or functional characteristics that affect energy consumption or efficiency. Rating means... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance Certification C Appendix C to Subpart B of...

  16. 40 CFR 96.71 - Initial certification and recertification procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... flow rate monitor polynomial coefficients. (3) Certification approval process for initial... operation that the Administrator or the permitting authority determines to significantly change the flow or... for NOX mass emissions using a NOX pollutant concentration monitor and a flow monitor, the maximum...

  17. 19 CFR 10.820 - Certificate of eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Bahrain Free Trade Agreement Tariff Preference Level § 10.820 Certificate of eligibility. Upon request, an importer claiming preferential tariff treatment on a non-originating cotton or man-made fiber good specified in § 10.819 of...

  18. AutoCAD 2014 review for certification official certification preparation

    CERN Document Server

    ASCENT center for technical knowledge

    2014-01-01

    The AutoCAD® 2014 Review for Certification book is intended for users of AutoCAD® preparing to complete the AutoCAD 2014 Certified Professional exam. This book contains a collection of relevant instructional topics, practice exercises, and review questions from the Autodesk Official Training Guides (AOTG) from ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge pertaining specifically to the Certified Professional exam topics and objectives. This book is intended for experienced users of AutoCAD in preparation for certification. New users of AutoCAD should refer to the AOTG training guides from ASCENT, such as AutoCAD/AutoCAD LT 2014 Fundamentals, for more comprehensive instruction.

  19. 7 CFR 205.404 - Granting certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Certification § 205.404 Granting certification. (a) Within a...

  20. 7 CFR 1570.1100 - Drawback certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... OF AGRICULTURE EXPORT BONUS PROGRAMS SOAP and COAP Drawback Certification § 1570.1100 Drawback certification. An offer submitted by an exporter to FAS for an export bonus under the SOAP or the COAP...

  1. Certification of ICTs in Elections

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten; Barrat, Jordi; Bolo, Eden

    2015-01-01

    voting or tabulation systems. The key elements of quality control are certification and evaluation. Certification refers to the confirmation proof of compliance with a given standard. Evaluation is the most labour intensive part of the quality control process during which the requirements, designs......, hardware, firmware, software, networks and operational contexts are examined for faults. An election technology can only be certified by third-party reviewers who are accredited to assess compliance with a standard. An EMB should consider quality control early in the process of introducing new technologies......, starting during the feasibility study, and especially if it is bound by law to provide such a certification. The evaluation reports and related documents can also be used to increase the transparency of the election, improve the dialogue between EMBs and voters, and increase the EMB’s credibility....

  2. Is Halal Certification Process “Green”?

    OpenAIRE

    Mohd Rizal Razalli; Suzzaini Abdullah; Rushami Zien Yusoff

    2012-01-01

    These days, the environmental perspective on operations is becoming more common. In fact, any effort in improving efficiency in the organization is closely related to sustainability of our environment. The Environmental Management System (EMS) certification such as ISO 14001 has been accepted as the world standard. In addition to these ISO standards, there are other certifications such as Halal certification. There is no research that investigates the relationship between Halal Certification ...

  3. Open source systems security certification

    CERN Document Server

    Damiani, Ernesto; El Ioini, Nabil

    2009-01-01

    Open Source Advances in Computer Applications book series provides timely technological and business information for: Enabling Open Source Systems (OSS) to become an integral part of systems and devices produced by technology companies; Inserting OSS in the critical path of complex network development and embedded products, including methodologies and tools for domain-specific OSS testing (lab code available), plus certification of security, dependability and safety properties for complex systems; Ensuring integrated systems, including OSS, meet performance and security requirements as well as achieving the necessary certifications, according to the overall strategy of OSS usage on the part of the adopter

  4. 14 CFR 65.111 - Certificate required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... current certificated parachute rigger; (3) Is the person making the next parachute jump with that... next parachute jump with that parachute in a tandem parachute operation conducted under § 105.45(b)(1... CERTIFICATION: AIRMEN OTHER THAN FLIGHT CREWMEMBERS Parachute Riggers § 65.111 Certificate required. (a)...

  5. 30 CFR 18.13 - Certification plate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification plate. 18.13 Section 18.13... Certification plate. Each certified component shall be identified by a certification plate attached to the... characteristics of the component. The plate shall be of serviceable material, acceptable, to MSHA, and shall...

  6. 28 CFR 26.23 - Certification process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification process. 26.23 Section 26.23 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE DEATH SENTENCES PROCEDURES Certification Process for State Capital Counsel Systems § 26.23 Certification process. (a) An appropriate state official...

  7. 14 CFR 147.3 - Certificate required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certificate required. 147.3 Section 147.3 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SCHOOLS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AGENCIES AVIATION MAINTENANCE TECHNICIAN SCHOOLS General § 147.3 Certificate...

  8. Modeling landowner behavior regarding forest certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    David C. Mercker; Donald G. Hodges

    2008-01-01

    Nonindustrial private forest owners in western Tennessee were surveyed to assess their awareness, acceptance, and perceived benefits of forest certification. More than 80 percent of the landowners indicated a willingness to consider certification for their lands. A model was created to explain landowner behavior regarding their willingness to consider certification....

  9. 7 CFR 29.27 - Certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certificate. 29.27 Section 29.27 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... INSPECTION Regulations Definitions § 29.27 Certificate. A certificate issued under the Act and...

  10. Certification and the Branding of HRD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carliner, Saul

    2012-01-01

    Although calls continue to establish certification, several certifications for human resource development (HRD) practitioners already exist, although none use the name HRD. This Forum explores what those certification programs are and what their availability means to the development of the HRD "brand" (the impressions of the service derived from…

  11. 16 CFR 803.6 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 803.6 Section 803.6... HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 TRANSMITTAL RULES § 803.6 Certification. (a) The... section 7A(e) and § 803.20 shall be accompanied by a certification in the format appearing at the end...

  12. 47 CFR 76.1502 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 76.1502 Section 76.1502... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1502 Certification. (a) An operator of an open video... certification prior to the commencement of service at such a point in time that would allow the...

  13. 14 CFR 217.7 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 217.7 Section 217.7 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC... NONSCHEDULED SERVICES § 217.7 Certification. The certification for BTS Form 41 Schedule T-100(f) shall...

  14. 7 CFR 800.118 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 800.118 Section 800.118 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARD... Services § 800.118 Certification. Official certificates shall be issued according to § 800.160....

  15. 31 CFR 800.202 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 800.202 Section 800... TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.202 Certification. (a) The term certification means a written... material respects, as it relates to: (i) The transaction, and (ii) The party providing the...

  16. 10 CFR 55.23 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 55.23 Section 55.23 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) OPERATORS' LICENSES Medical Requirements § 55.23 Certification. To certify... complete and sign NRC Form 396, “Certification of Medical Examination by Facility Licensee,” which can...

  17. 49 CFR 178.345-15 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 178.345-15 Section 178.345-15... Specifications for Containers for Motor Vehicle Transportation § 178.345-15 Certification. (a) At or before the time of delivery, the manufacturer of a cargo tank motor vehicle must provide certification...

  18. 14 CFR 183.13 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 183.13 Section 183.13 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS REPRESENTATIVES OF THE ADMINISTRATOR Certification of Representatives § 183.13 Certification....

  19. 40 CFR 86.007-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.007-30 Section 86...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.007-30 Certification. (a)(1)(i) If, after a review of... compliance with no more than one set of in-use and certification standards (or family emission limits,...

  20. 40 CFR 86.1848-01 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.1848-01 Section 86... Complete Otto-Cycle Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.1848-01 Certification. (a)(1) If, after a review of the... certificate of conformity. (2) If, after review of the manufacturer's application, request for...

  1. 33 CFR 135.215 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 135.215 Section... Financial Responsibility for Offshore Facilities § 135.215 Certification. (a) Applicants shall: (1) If the...) If any of the information submitted for certification is determined by the Fund Administrator to...

  2. 40 CFR 121.24 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 121.24 Section 121.24 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS STATE CERTIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES REQUIRING A FEDERAL LICENSE OR PERMIT Certification by the Administrator § 121.24...

  3. 40 CFR 89.122 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 89.122 Section 89.122... EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Emission Standards and Certification Provisions § 89.122 Certification. (a) If, after a review of the manufacturer's application, request...

  4. 40 CFR 157.34 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 157.34 Section 157.34... REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDES AND DEVICES Child-Resistant Packaging § 157.34 Certification. (a) General. (1) The... that the package meets the standards of § 157.32. (2) Certification must be submitted with...

  5. 49 CFR 178.338-19 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 178.338-19 Section 178.338-19... Specifications for Containers for Motor Vehicle Transportation § 178.338-19 Certification. (a) At or before the... the date (month, year) of certification. The registration numbers of the manufacturer, the...

  6. 21 CFR 1010.2 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification. 1010.2 Section 1010.2 Food and... HEALTH PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS: GENERAL General Provisions § 1010.2 Certification..., the certification that such product conforms to all applicable standards under this subchapter....

  7. 22 CFR 1421.13 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification. 1421.13 Section 1421.13 Foreign Relations FOREIGN SERVICE LABOR RELATIONS BOARD; FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY; GENERAL COUNSEL OF THE... THIS SUBCHAPTER § 1421.13 Certification. Certification means the determination by the Board, its...

  8. 76 FR 16549 - ESBWR Design Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ...; ] NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION 10 CFR Part 52 RIN 3150-AI85 ESBWR Design Certification AGENCY: Nuclear... operate an ESBWR design may do so by referencing this design certification rule (DCR). The applicant for certification of the ESBWR design is GE-Hitachi Nuclear Energy (GEH). The public is invited to submit...

  9. 12 CFR 4.65 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 4.65 Section 4.65 Banks and...; Contracting for Goods and Services § 4.65 Certification. (a) Objective. To preserve the integrity and foster... MWOB certification received from another government agency whose definition of MWOB is...

  10. 5 CFR 2421.13 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 2421.13 Section 2421.13... FEDERAL LABOR RELATIONS AUTHORITY MEANING OF TERMS AS USED IN THIS SUBCHAPTER § 2421.13 Certification. Certification means the determination by the Authority, its agents or representatives, of the results of...

  11. 19 CFR 10.584 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification. 10.584 Section 10.584 Customs... States Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.584 Certification. (a) General. An importer who makes a claim under § 10.583(b) of this subpart based on a certification of the importer, exporter,...

  12. 40 CFR 86.094-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.094-30 Section 86...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.094-30 Certification. (a)(1)(i) If, after a review of... of its franchise agreement with the manufacturer and the dealer certification requirements of §...

  13. 7 CFR 1730.26 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 1730.26 Section 1730.26 Agriculture... ELECTRIC SYSTEM OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE Operations and Maintenance Requirements § 1730.26 Certification. (a) Engineer's certification. Where provided for in the borrower's loan documents, RUS may...

  14. 12 CFR 517.6 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 517.6 Section 517.6 Banks and... Certification. In order to qualify as an Outreach Program participant, each business or contractor must either... Program Advocate a completed and signed ABELS Registration/Certification Form, as prescribed by the...

  15. 14 CFR 121.919 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 121.919 Section 121.919... AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR HIRE: CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Advanced Qualification Program § 121.919 Certification. A...

  16. 42 CFR 411.373 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 411.373 Section 411.373 Public... Entities Furnishing Designated Health Services § 411.373 Certification. (a) Every request must include the following signed certification: “With knowledge of the penalties for false statements provided by 18...

  17. 40 CFR 68.185 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 68.185 Section 68.185... ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.185 Certification. (a) For Program 1 processes, the owner or operator shall submit in the RMP the certification statement provided in §...

  18. 7 CFR 29.9203 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 29.9203 Section 29.9203 Agriculture... INSPECTION Policy Statement and Regulations Governing the Identification and Certification of Nonquota Tobacco Produced and Marketed in a Quota Area Definitions § 29.9203 Certification. The documentation...

  19. 46 CFR 349.3 - Certification criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification criteria. 349.3 Section 349.3 Shipping... RIGHTS OF CERTAIN MERCHANT SEAMEN § 349.3 Certification criteria. The Administrator shall apply the... ordered to active duty. It shall be the responsibility of each applicant for certification to...

  20. 28 CFR 7.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 7.5 Section 7.5 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REWARDS FOR CAPTURE OF ESCAPED FEDERAL PRISONERS § 7.5 Certification. The claim letter required under § 7.4 shall contain the following certification immediately proceeding...

  1. 33 CFR 274.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 274.5 Section 274... PEST CONTROL PROGRAM FOR CIVIL WORKS PROJECTS Project Operation § 274.5 Certification. Under the... certification of pesticide applicators through its development of a single Government Agency Plan (GAP)....

  2. 49 CFR 178.337-18 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 178.337-18 Section 178.337-18... Specifications for Containers for Motor Vehicle Transportation § 178.337-18 Certification. (a) At or before the...) and (b) without the original date of certification stamped on the specification plate....

  3. 49 CFR 212.107 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 212.107 Section 212.107... Certification. (a) Scope. In the event the FRA and the State agency do not agree on terms for the participation... the Federal Railroad Safety Act of 1970, the State shall file an annual certification with respect...

  4. 40 CFR 90.108 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 90.108 Section 90.108... EMISSIONS FROM NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS Emission Standards and Certification Provisions § 90.108 Certification. (a) If, after a review of the manufacturer's submitted...

  5. 16 CFR 309.11 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 309.11 Section 309.11... Manufacturers of Electric Vehicle Fuel Dispensing Systems § 309.11 Certification. (a) For non-liquid alternative.... This letter of certification will be good until you transfer non-liquid alternative vehicle fuel...

  6. 40 CFR 86.437-78 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.437-78 Section 86... Later New Motorcycles, General Provisions § 86.437-78 Certification. (a) New motorcycles produced by a... certification is sought) are covered by the following: (1) The manufacturer shall submit to the Administrator...

  7. 15 CFR 996.22 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 996.22 Section 996.22... AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS...

  8. 16 CFR 1202.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 1202.5 Section 1202.5 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR MATCHBOOKS § 1202.5 Certification. Certification shall be in accordance with section 14(a)...

  9. Certification and the Branding of HRD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carliner, Saul

    2012-01-01

    Although calls continue to establish certification, several certifications for human resource development (HRD) practitioners already exist, although none use the name HRD. This Forum explores what those certification programs are and what their availability means to the development of the HRD "brand" (the impressions of the service derived from…

  10. 40 CFR 91.108 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 91.108 Section 91.108... EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Emission Standards and Certification Provisions § 91.108 Certification. (a) If, after a review of the manufacturer's submitted application, or with respect to...

  11. 47 CFR 2.907 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 2.907 Section 2.907... RULES AND REGULATIONS Equipment Authorization Procedures General Provisions § 2.907 Certification. (a) Certification is an equipment authorization issued by the Commission, based on representations and test...

  12. 40 CFR 124.53 - State certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false State certification. 124.53 Section... FOR DECISIONMAKING Specific Procedures Applicable to NPDES Permits § 124.53 State certification. (a) Under CWA section 401(a)(1), EPA may not issue a permit until a certification is granted or waived...

  13. Alternative Certification Pathways: Filling a Gap?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludlow, Carlyn

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the proliferation of alternative certification pathways through an analysis of the role and history of teacher certification and supply followed by a synthesis of national, regional, and state research studies on alternative routes to certification programs and a review of studies conducted on well-known…

  14. 40 CFR 86.1848-10 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.1848-10 Section 86... Complete Otto-Cycle Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.1848-10 Certification. Link to an amendment published at 75 FR....1843-01 and 86.1844-01. (2) The manufacturer must comply with all certification and in-use...

  15. 40 CFR 86.004-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.004-30 Section 86...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.004-30 Certification. Section 86.004-30 includes text... combination. Each certificate will certify compliance with no more than one set of in-use and...

  16. 16 CFR 309.13 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification. 309.13 Section 309.13... Dispensing Systems § 309.13 Certification. (a) If you are a distributor of non-liquid alternative vehicle... with each transfer of fuel, as outlined in § 309.11(a)(1), or by using a letter of certification,...

  17. 2009 Guide to National Board Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Board for Professional Teaching Standards, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The "Guide to National Board Certification" introduces teachers to the assessment process and provides them with useful information as they apply for National Board Certification or order the "Take One![R]" professional development kit. By participating in the National Board Certification process, participants are joining tens of thousands of…

  18. 47 CFR 90.549 - Transmitter certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transmitter certification. 90.549 Section 90...-775 and 793-805 MHz Bands § 90.549 Transmitter certification. Transmitters operated in the 763-775 MHz... its certification procedure as required by § 90.203....

  19. 40 CFR 85.1406 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 85.1406 Section 85.1406... POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Urban Bus Rebuild Requirements § 85.1406 Certification. (a) Certification... of this chapter or an approved alternative test procedure prescribed under § 85.1414....

  20. Telecoupled governance of land use change: Sustainable palm oil conservation benefits limited by preferential certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heilmayr, R.; Carlson, K. M.; Gibbs, H.; Noojipady, P.; Burns, D.; Morton, D. C.; Walker, N.; Paoli, G.; Kremen, C.

    2016-12-01

    Dozens of trans-national corporations have made public commitments to purchase only zero-deforestation palm oil, a commodity responsible for substantial tropical forest loss. Eco-certification is a basic requirement of most such forest-related procurement policies, and >20% of palm oil was certified in 2015.While the impact of certification on deforestation in oil palm plantations has never been tested, such evaluation is critical to inform improvements of voluntary sustainability initiatives. Here, we use a new, comprehensive data set of Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) certified and non-certified oil palm plantation boundaries (191,561 km2) in Indonesia, the leading global producer of palm oil to generate robust spatio-temporal estimates of certification's impact on deforestation and fires from 2000-2014. We find that certification reduced forest cover loss embodied in RSPO certified palm oil through two mechanisms. Certification had a significant protective effect, which lowered plantation deforestation rates by 29%.However, due to preferential certification of plantations developed before 2000, little forest was available for protection; forest area conserved totaled 56±4.9 km2. Our models suggest that increased adoption of RSPO certification may reduce the ability of palm oil companies to selectively certify previously cleared regions, and consequently strengthen the role of certification in protecting the tropical forests at greatest risk from agricultural encroachment. We reflect upon the complex interactions between traditional government policies, and emerging market-based governance structures in this telecoupled system.

  1. Combined discrete nebulization and microextraction process for molybdenum determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS); Avaliacao da combinacao da nebulizacao discreta e processos de microextracao aplicados a determinacao de molibdenio por espectrometria de absorcao atomica com chama (FAAS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oviedo, Jenny A.; Jesus, Amanda M.D. de; Fialho, Lucimar L.; Pereira-Filho, Edenir R., E-mail: erpf@ufscar.br [Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos (UFSCar), SP (Brazil). Departamento de Quimica

    2014-04-15

    Simple and sensitive procedures for the extraction/preconcentration of molybdenum based on vortex-assisted solidified floating organic drop microextraction (VA-SFODME) and cloud point combined with flame absorption atomic spectrometry (FAAS) and discrete nebulization were developed. The influence of the discrete nebulization on the sensitivity of the molybdenum preconcentration processes was studied. An injection volume of 200 μ resulted in a lower relative standard deviation with both preconcentration procedures. Enrichment factors of 31 and 67 and limits of detection of 25 and 5 μ L{sup -1} were obtained for cloud point and VA-SFODME, respectively. The developed procedures were applied to the determination of Mo in mineral water and multivitamin samples. (author)

  2. Optimal Remanufacturing Certification Contracts in the Electrical and Electronic Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huihui Liu

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available While remanufacturing is highly encouraged worldwide, some original equipment manufacturers (OEMs in the electrical and electronics industry are still not willing to embrace remanufacturing, for fear of expensive investment or the cannibalization of existing products. Meanwhile, third-party remanufacturers’ (TPRs remanufactured products are developing quickly. Due to quality reasons, consumers usually have a higher preference for OEM-certified remanufactured products than uncertified ones. As such, remanufacturing certification has become a strategy that OEMs can use to benefit from product remanufacturing. Our paper focuses on the remanufacturing certification contract between an OEM and a TPR. Once certified, the TPR makes payments to the OEM. These payment terms will affect their enthusiasm for participating in remanufacturing certification. By establishing game models among an OEM, a certified TPR, and an uncertified TPR, our paper explores three certification contracts, namely, the lump-sum payment, profit-sharing payment, and piece-rate payment. We identify the conditions for the OEM and certified TPR to reach a win-win outcome. Our results show that when TPRs have a high profit margin and there is no significant difference in consumers’ preferences between certified and non-certified remanufacturing channels, the profit-sharing payment contract yields the highest profit; otherwise, the piece-rate payment contract is best for the OEM.

  3. Trusted Certificates in Quantum Cryptography

    OpenAIRE

    Perkins, William

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyzes the performance of Kak's three stage quantum cryptographic protocol based on public key cryptography against a man-in-the-middle attack. A method for protecting against such an attack is presented using certificates distributed by a trusted third party.

  4. 75 FR 69165 - Conductor Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] Part II Department of Transportation Federal Railroad Administration 49 CFR Part 242 Conductor Certification; Proposed Rule #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 217 / Wednesday, November 10, 2010 / Proposed Rules#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT...

  5. Professional Certification in Counseling Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fretz, Bruce R.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Certification procedures protect consumers, but when licensing institutions become monopolistic, alternative paths to credentialing need to be considered. A series of articles examine third party payments, a changing job market and consumer protection concerns, all of which have had an impact on credentialing problems. (JAC)

  6. Certification of Financial Aid Administrators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Stacey A.

    2011-01-01

    The certification of financial aid administrators has been debated for over 37 years. A job satisfaction survey conducted by the National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NASFAA, 2008a) revealed that college and university administrators' perceptions of the efficiency, effectiveness, and quality of the services provided by the…

  7. 14 CFR 61.407 - What aeronautical knowledge must I have to apply for a flight instructor certificate with a sport...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... apply for a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating? 61.407 Section 61.407 Aeronautics... CERTIFICATION: PILOTS, FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating... sport pilot rating? (a) Except as specified in paragraph (c) of this section you must receive and...

  8. Speciation determination of chromium(III) and (VI) using preconcentration cloud point extraction with flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kiran, K. [Department of Environmental Sciences, S.V. University, Tirupati, 517502 A.P. (India); Kumar, K. Suresh; Prasad, B.; Suvardhan, K. [Department of Chemistry, S. V. University, Tirupati, 517502 A.P. (India); Lekkala, Ramesh Babu [Department of Environmental Sciences, S.V. University, Tirupati, 517502 A.P. (India); Janardhanam, K. [Department of Environmental Sciences, S.V. University, Tirupati, 517502 A.P. (India)], E-mail: Kandukurijanardhanam@gmail.com

    2008-02-11

    bis-[2-Hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde] thiourea was synthesized and preconcentration cloud point extraction (CPE) for speciation determination of chromium(III) and (VI) in various environmental samples with flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) has been developed. Chromium(III) complexes with bis-[2-hydroxynaphthaldehyde] thiourea is subsequently entrapped in the surfactant micelles. After complexation of chromium(III) with reagent, the analyte was quantitatively extracted to the surfactant-rich phase in the non-ionic surfactant Triton X-100 after centrifugation. The effect of pH, concentration of chelating agent, surfactant, equilibration temperature and time on CPE was studied. The relative standard deviation was 2.13% and the limits of detection were around 0.18 {mu}g L{sup -1}.

  9. Automatic on-line pre-concentration system using a knotted reactor for the FAAS determination of lead in drinking water

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Anderson S. [Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Quimica, Nucleo de Excelencia em Quimica Analitica da Bahia, Campus Universitario de Ondina, Salvador, Bahia 40170-290 (Brazil); Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilheus, Bahia (Brazil); Brandao, Geovani C. [Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Quimica, Nucleo de Excelencia em Quimica Analitica da Bahia, Campus Universitario de Ondina, Salvador, Bahia 40170-290 (Brazil); Santos, Walter N.L. dos [Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilheus, Bahia (Brazil); Lemos, Valfredo A. [Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Campus de Jequie, Jequie, Bahia 45206-190 (Brazil); Ganzarolli, Edgard M. [Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste, Departamento de Quimica, Rua Presidente Zacarias, 875, CP 33010, 85010-990 Guarapuava, PR (Brazil); Bruns, Roy E. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Instituto de Quimica, CP 6154, 13083-970 Campinas, SP (Brazil); Ferreira, Sergio L.C. [Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Quimica, Nucleo de Excelencia em Quimica Analitica da Bahia, Campus Universitario de Ondina, Salvador, Bahia 40170-290 (Brazil)]. E-mail: slcf@ufba.br

    2007-03-22

    An automatic on-line pre-concentration system is proposed for lead determination in drinking water using flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Lead(II) ions are retained as the 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-naphthol (PAN) complex in the walls of a knotted reactor, followed by an elution step using 0.50 mol L{sup -1} hydrochloric acid solution. Optimisation involving the sampling flow rate, pH and buffer concentration factors was performed using a Box-Behnken design. Other factors were established considering results of previous experiments. The procedure allows the determination of lead with a 0.43 {mu}g L{sup -1} detection limit (3{sigma}/S) and precisions (expressed as relative standard deviation) of 4.84% (N = 7) and 2.9% (N = 7) for lead concentrations of 5 and 25 {mu}g L{sup -1}, respectively. The accuracy was confirmed by the determination of lead in the NIST SRM 1643d trace elements in natural water standard reference material. The pre-concentration factor obtained is 26.5 and the sampling frequency is 48 h{sup -1}. The recovery achieved for lead determination in the presence of several ions demonstrated that this procedure could be applied to the analysis of drinking water samples. The method was applied for lead determination in drinking water samples collected in Jequie City, Brazil. The lead concentration found in 25 samples were always lower than the permissible maximum levels stipulated by World Health Organization.

  10. 微波消解--FAAS测定佛手中的微量元素%Determination of Microelements in Bergamot by Microwave Digestion-FAAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦书芝; 赵成国; 张瑶; 夏婷; 肖洪彬

    2014-01-01

    目的:测定佛手中锌(Zn)、铜(Cu)、锰(Mn)、铁(Fe)4种微量元素的含量。方法:采用微波消解法处理佛手,利用火焰原子吸收法对佛手中Zn、Cu、Mn、Fe 4种微量元素含量进行测定分析。结果:佛手中Zn、Cu、Mn、Fe含量分别为23.33、4.51、12.13、138.54μg/g。结论:火焰原子吸收光谱法简单、准确,方法加标回收率在98.9%~101.3%,相对标准偏差(RSD)在0.38%~1.06%之间。%Objective:To determine the contents of Zn, Cu, Mn and Fe contained in bergamot. Methods:Berg-amot was dealt by microwave digestion method, the contents of Zn, Cu, Mn and Fe contained in bergamot were de-termined and analyzed by flame atomic absorption method(FAAS). Results:The contents of Zn, Cu, Mn and Fe con-tained in bergamot were 23.33, 4.51, 12.13 and 138.54μg/g respectively. Conclusion:The method is simple and ac-curate, the recovery rate of the method is over the range of 98.9%to 101.3%, and RSD over the range of 0.38%to 1.06%.

  11. Evaluation of lubricating oil preparation procedures for the determination of Al, Ba, Mo, Si and V by high-resolution continuum source FAAS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amorim Filho, Volnei Resta; Gomes Neto, José Anchieta

    2009-01-01

    Microwave-assisted acid decomposition and oil-in-water emulsification were evaluated as sample pretreatment procedures to determine Al, Ba, Mo, Si and V in lubricating oils by high-resolution continuum source flame atomic absorption spectrometry (HR-CS FAAS). Average recoveries of Al, Ba and V in oil digests (107, 103 and 101%) were close to those obtained for emulsions prepared in kerosene medium (94, 113 and 95%). Average recoveries for Mo were close to 105 and 46% for emulsions and digests, respectively. Improved average recoveries (101%) were obtained for Mo in digests using the analyte addition technique. Silicon was successfully quantified only in digested samples. Limits of quantification for Al, Ba, Mo and V were 1.4, 31.5, 1.5 and 11.4-fold lower than those obtained by line-source FAAS. Enhanced sensitivity, multi-elemental capability, and high sample throughput are among the main advantages of HR-CS FAAS in comparison with the line-source FAAS technique.

  12. A Survey of the Aircraft Maintenance Industry to Solicit Perceptions Regarding the Effectiveness of Recent Graduates of F.A.A. Approved Maintenance Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brian, Benjamin H.

    A study examined the perceptions of employers in the aircraft maintenance industry regarding the effectiveness of recent graduates of Federal Aeronautics Administration (FAA)-approved maintenance schools. Of the 100 employers who were contacted, 68 returned usable surveys. Based on responses, it was concluded that the views of employers in the…

  13. A Survey of the Aircraft Maintenance Industry to Solicit Perceptions Regarding the Effectiveness of Recent Graduates of F.A.A. Approved Maintenance Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brian, Benjamin H.

    A study examined the perceptions of employers in the aircraft maintenance industry regarding the effectiveness of recent graduates of Federal Aeronautics Administration (FAA)-approved maintenance schools. Of the 100 employers who were contacted, 68 returned usable surveys. Based on responses, it was concluded that the views of employers in the…

  14. Determination of Fe Content of Some Food Items by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (FAAS): A Guided-Inquiry Learning Experience in Instrumental Analysis Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fakayode, Sayo O.; King, Angela G.; Yakubu, Mamudu; Mohammed, Abdul K.; Pollard, David A.

    2012-01-01

    This article presents a guided-inquiry (GI) hands-on determination of Fe in food samples including plantains, spinach, lima beans, oatmeal, Frosted Flakes cereal (generic), tilapia fish, and chicken using flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS). The utility of the GI experiment, which is part of an instrumental analysis laboratory course,…

  15. The effects of aircraft certification rules on general aviation accidents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Carolina Lenz

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the frequency of general aviation airplane accidents and accident rates on the basis of aircraft certification to determine whether or not differences in aircraft certification rules had an influence on accidents. In addition, the narrative cause descriptions contained within the accident reports were analyzed to determine whether there were differences in the qualitative data for the different certification categories. The certification categories examined were: Federal Aviation Regulations Part 23, Civil Air Regulations 3, Light Sport Aircraft, and Experimental-Amateur Built. The accident causes examined were those classified as: Loss of Control, Controlled Flight into Terrain, Engine Failure, and Structural Failure. Airworthiness certification categories represent a wide diversity of government oversight. Part 23 rules have evolved from the initial set of simpler design standards and have progressed into a comprehensive and strict set of rules to address the safety issues of the more complex airplanes within the category. Experimental-Amateur Built airplanes have the least amount of government oversight and are the fastest growing segment. The Light Sport Aircraft category is a more recent certification category that utilizes consensus standards in the approval process. Civil Air Regulations 3 airplanes were designed and manufactured under simpler rules but modifying these airplanes has become lengthy and expensive. The study was conducted using a mixed methods methodology which involves both quantitative and qualitative elements. A Chi-Square test was used for a quantitative analysis of the accident frequency among aircraft certification categories. Accident rate analysis of the accidents among aircraft certification categories involved an ANCOVA test. The qualitative component involved the use of text mining techniques for the analysis of the narrative cause descriptions contained within the accident reports. The Chi

  16. In Brief: Science teaching certificate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2008-11-01

    More than 200 educators will receive fellowships over the next 5 years to participate in NASA's Endeavor Science Teaching Certificate Project, the agency announced on 14 November. Through workshops, online and on-site graduate courses, and NASA educational materials, the project will expose educators to NASA science and engineering and support them in translating the information for use in classrooms. ``Through the program, educators will learn to deliver cutting-edge science into the classroom, promoting science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education,'' according to Joyce Winterton, assistant administrator for education at NASA Headquarters, in Washington, D. C. Project fellows will earn a certificate from Teachers College Innovations at Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, and graduate credit from other institutional partners. For more information, visit http://education.nasa.gov/home/index.html.

  17. Fairtrade certification, conventions and labor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riisgaard, Lone

    2015-01-01

    This chapter explores the potential of Fairtrade in hired labour situations in terms of improving conditions for agricultural workers. The chapter will address various aspects including the contentious issue of Fairtrade and trade union organisation as well as on issues of worker empowerment. At ....... At a local level, analysis focuses on the implications of Fairtrade certification for large enterprises and workers, drawing on a field-based studies of certified flower farms in Ecuador and Kenya....

  18. Certification-Based Process Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Russell L.

    2013-01-01

    Space mission architects are often challenged with knowing which investment in technology infusion will have the highest return. Certification-based analysis (CBA) gives architects and technologists a means to communicate the risks and advantages of infusing technologies at various points in a process. Various alternatives can be compared, and requirements based on supporting streamlining or automation can be derived and levied on candidate technologies. CBA is a technique for analyzing a process and identifying potential areas of improvement. The process and analysis products are used to communicate between technologists and architects. Process means any of the standard representations of a production flow; in this case, any individual steps leading to products, which feed into other steps, until the final product is produced at the end. This sort of process is common for space mission operations, where a set of goals is reduced eventually to a fully vetted command sequence to be sent to the spacecraft. Fully vetting a product is synonymous with certification. For some types of products, this is referred to as verification and validation, and for others it is referred to as checking. Fundamentally, certification is the step in the process where one insures that a product works as intended, and contains no flaws.

  19. Perceived value of certification among certified, noncertified, and administrative perioperative nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sechrist, Karen R; Valentine, Wendelyn; Berlin, Linda E

    2006-01-01

    This study was designed to determine similarities and differences in perceived value of certification among three groups of perioperative nurses. Responses to the Perceived Value of Certification Tool (PVCT), demographic questions, and certification experience questions were requested from 1,250 certificants, 2,000 noncertificants, and 1,250 administrators, with an overall response rate of 55.5%. Respondents agreed with 16 of 18 PVCT statements. Agreement was highest for intrinsic items. Respondents were less likely to agree with extrinsic items and did not agree that certification increases salary. All samples were significantly different from each other on the intrinsic construct. Noncertificants were significantly different from certificants and administrators on the extrinsic construct and the total PVCT score; certificants and administrators were not significantly different from each other. Age and experience variables were not related to PVCT constructs or total score. Certificants in administration/management work roles had significantly higher PVCT constructs and total scores than did certified staff nurses but noncertified administrators and staff nurses were not significantly different from each other. Barriers to certification listed most often related to lack of extrinsic rewards. Certification and health care organizations will need to find ways to provide extrinsic rewards if the goals of certification are to be achieved.

  20. Building certification schemes and the quality of indoor environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Da Silva, Nuno Alexandre Faria

    Building certification schemes create a new standard for the built environment reflecting the growing environmental consciousness and the need for “green buildings”. They are expected to signify an outstanding quality and excellence. Buildings, which receive a high degree of certification......, information on the conditions and parameters supporting and distracting from the efficient work, as well as the self-estimated performance and objectively measured performance using different tasks examining various cognitive skills. The data on absence rates was collected, too, and the range of environmental......, are consequently presumed to guarantee the outstanding indoor environmental quality (IEQ). There still exists, however, scarcity of data supporting this postulation, especially as regards the ratings and perceptions of occupants of certified buildings. This PhD attempts to shed a light on this topic and supplement...

  1. Peer Effects and Voluntary Green Building Certification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yueming Qiu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Empirical evidence is provided to show that peer effects have statistically significant and positive impacts on the diffusion of green building certificates. Application and approval records of green certificates by commercial buildings in NY and AZ are used. The challenge of self-selection is addressed by the usage of fixed effects and the challenge of reflection is addressed by the time lag delay between a building’s application and its approval. Empirical results show that an additional approved LEED certificate within a zip code will increase the probability of a commercial building in the same zip code to apply for a LEED certificate by 3–4 percentage points; an additional approved Energy Star certificate within a zip code will increase the probability of a commercial building in the same zip code to apply for an Energy Star certificate by 1–2 percentage points.

  2. PKI Interoperability Based on Online Certificate Validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinu Smadu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important problems related to Public Key Infrastructures is the validation of the digital certificates. Certificate validation services can be based on offline and/or online schemes. Offline schemes have the major disadvantage that they cannot always give an up-to-date response. On the other side, the most used protocol for online validation, the Online Certificate Status Protocol [1], also has its drawbacks. It can only state if a certificate has been revoked or not. RFC 5055 [2] defines a more complex protocol, the Server-based Certificate Validation Protocol (SCVP, capable of building and validating the certification path. To implement a basic functionality of this new protocol, we will start from an existing project, the CADDISK and we will try to implement an OpenSSL module.

  3. Airborne Radar Approach, FAA/NASA Gulf of Mexico Helicopter Flight Test Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    TSE Range Statistics by Range Scale 63 18 Radar System Error - Range 65 19 Comparison of Advertised 1 Percent and Measured RSE 66 20 Two S.D. Radar...Range Flight Technical Error (RFTE) and Radar System Error ( RSE ). Range calls for overhead, 0.25 nm, 0.50 nm, 1.25 nm, and 2.00 nm were made with the...nm. These values represent RTSE and include RSE , RFTE, screen resolution,. and update on scan rate error. Data was acquired which provided an estimate

  4. Determination of arsenic in liver and kidney of mice exposed in realgar by HG-FAAS%HG-FAAS 法测定雄黄染毒小鼠肝及肾脏中的砷含量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苑洁; 霍韬光; 王艳蕾; 郭婧潭; 焦雪鑫; 张颖花; 袁媛; 高岚岳; 姜泓

    2015-01-01

    A novel hydride generation‐flame atomic absorption spectrometry (HG‐FAAS ) method was established for the determination of arsenic in liver and kidney of mice after realgar exposure .The results showed that the method was accurate ,sensitive ,reliable and low detec‐tion limit .The distribution levels of arsenic in liver ,kidney of realgar infected mice were fairly with the liver and kidney content .Meanwhile hydride generation conditions were optimized .%建立了氢化物发生‐火焰原子吸收法(HG‐FAAS)测定雄黄染毒小鼠肝及肾脏中砷含量的方法。结果表明,该方法准确、灵敏、可靠、检出限低。雄黄染毒小鼠肝、肾脏中砷的分布水平相当。同时对氢化物发生条件进行了优化。

  5. 77 FR 13967 - Notice of Intent To Discontinue Use of Paper Applications for Airman Medical Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... of the cost involved, but also in terms of the complex logistics and use of Agency resources involved... reverse side of application form manually. Since 2007, when the FAA launched a digital version of FAA...

  6. Investigating weaknesses in Android certificate security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krych, Daniel E.; Lange-Maney, Stephen; McDaniel, Patrick; Glodek, William

    2015-05-01

    Android's application market relies on secure certificate generation to establish trust between applications and their users; yet, cryptography is often not a priority for application developers and many fail to take the necessary security precautions. Indeed, there is cause for concern: several recent high-profile studies have observed a pervasive lack of entropy on Web-systems leading to the factorization of private keys.1 Sufficient entropy, or randomness, is essential to generate secure key pairs and combat predictable key generation. In this paper, we analyze the security of Android certificates. We investigate the entropy present in 550,000 Android application certificates using the Quasilinear GCD finding algorithm.1 Our results show that while the lack of entropy does not appear to be as ubiquitous in the mobile markets as on Web-systems, there is substantial reuse of certificates only one third of the certificates in our dataset were unique. In other words, we find that organizations frequently reuse certificates for different applications. While such a practice is acceptable under Google's specifications for a single developer, we find that in some cases the same certificates are used for a myriad of developers, potentially compromising Android's intended trust relationships. Further, we observed duplicate certificates being used by both malicious and non-malicious applications. The top 3 repeated certificates present in our dataset accounted for a total of 11,438 separate APKs. Of these applications, 451, or roughly 4%, were identified as malicious by antivirus services.

  7. 14 CFR 65.89 - Display of certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CERTIFICATION: AIRMEN OTHER THAN FLIGHT CREWMEMBERS Mechanics § 65.89 Display of certificate. Each person who holds a mechanic certificate shall keep it within the immediate area where he normally exercises...

  8. 7 CFR 205.400 - General requirements for certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Certification § 205.400 General requirements for certification. A person seeking to receive or maintain organic certification under...

  9. 46 CFR 107.405 - Safety Equipment Certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificates Under International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974... for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974. (b) A Safety Equipment Certificate expires 60 months after the...

  10. 49 CFR 1540.113 - Inspection of airman certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY: GENERAL RULES Responsibilities of Passengers and Other Individuals and Persons § 1540.113 Inspection of airman certificate. Each individual who holds an airman certificate, medical certificate, authorization...

  11. China Initiates Voluntary Certification of Public Security Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Reporters learned from the Certification and Accreditation Administration of China(CNCA)that burglar-proof door became the first batch of voluntary certification product in public security products.China has formally initiated voluntary certification of public security products.

  12. 75 FR 28335 - Testing and Labeling Pertaining to Product Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-20

    ... Safety Commission 16 CFR Part 1107 Testing and Labeling Pertaining to Product Certification; Proposed... Product Certification AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The... product complies with certification requirements under a reasonable testing program for...

  13. 77 FR 56870 - Notice of Continuation of Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ... Employment and Training Administration Notice of Continuation of Certification Roseburg Forest Products... August 12, 2011, the Department of Labor (Department) issued a certification regarding workers... Federal Register on September 2, 2011 (76 FR 54796). The certification was based on the...

  14. The Establishment of National TC of Certification and Accreditation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ National standardization technical committee of certification and accreditation was established on Jan 15th, 2003in the 1st Certification and Accreditation Committee Member Conference held by Certification and Accreditation Administration of p R.C..

  15. CNCA and MOFCOM Released Green Market Certification Rules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Learned from the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People's Republic of China (CNCA) on 9th June, the Green Market Certification Rules formulated by the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People's Republic of China and the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) will be formally implemented from the date of June 30. The Rules has defined specific requirements for the certification institutions and certification personnel engaged in the certification of Green Market.

  16. Resting eggs as new biosorbent for preconcentration of trace elements in various samples prior to their determination by FAAS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saçmacı, Serife; Yılmaz, Yakup; Kartal, Senol; Kaya, Murat; Duman, Fatih

    2014-06-01

    In this study, the resting eggs of aquatic creatures living in freshwater (Daphnia, Cladocera, Crustacean) ecosystems were used as a novel biosorbent extractant for synchronous preconcentration of trace Cd(II), Co(II), Cu(II), Mn(II), and Ni(II) previous to measurement by flame atomic absorpiton spectrometry (FAAS). Using column procedures, optimization studies were conducted to realize the effective adsorption of the analyte ions such as the solution pH, amount of the biosorbent, volume of the sample, interfering ions, etc. A high preconcentration factor of 67 and low relative standard deflection of ≤4.1% (n=8) were obtained. The invention constrains based on the 3 s/b criterion were 2.4 for Cd(II), 41.4 for Co(II), 4.2 for Cu(II), 3.0 for Mn(II), and 9.6 μg L(-1) for Ni(II). The accuracy of the method was verified by analysis of a certified standard reference material. The used procedure was applied to the definition of the analytes in diverse environmental samples with convincing results. Consequently, the resting eggs of Daphnia can be used as a biosorbent for preconcentration and biosorption studies.

  17. A new synthesis, characterization and application chelating resin for determination of some trace metals in honey samples by FAAS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daşbaşı, Teslima; Saçmacı, Şerife; Çankaya, Nevin; Soykan, Cengiz

    2016-07-15

    In this study, we developed a simple and rapid solid phase extraction (SPE) method for the separation/preconcentration and determination of some trace metals by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). A new chelating resin, poly [2-(4-methoxyphenylamino)-2-oxoethyl methacrylate-co-divinylbenzene-co-2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid] (MPAEMA-co-DVB-co-AMPS), was synthesized and characterized. This chelating resin was used as a new adsorbent material for determination of Cd(II), Co(II), Cr(III), Cu(II), Fe(III), Mn(II), Pb(II), and Zn(II) ions. The parameters influential on the determination of this trace metals were examined. Under the optimum conditions, the detection limits (DL) of the method for trace metals were found to be (3s) in the range of 0.9-2.2 μg L(-1) (n=21), the preconcentration factor was calculated as 200 and the relative standard deviation was obtained achieved as ⩽2% for n=11. The method was performed for the determination of trace metals in some honey samples and standard reference materials. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  18. NASA/FAA/NCAR Supercooled Large Droplet Icing Flight Research: Summary of Winter 1996-1997 Flight Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Dean; Ratvasky, Thomas; Bernstein, Ben; McDonough, Frank; Strapp, J. Walter

    1998-01-01

    During the winter of 1996-1997, a flight research program was conducted at the NASA-Lewis Research Center to study the characteristics of Supercooled Large Droplets (SLD) within the Great Lakes region. This flight program was a joint effort between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Based on weather forecasts and real-time in-flight guidance provided by NCAR, the NASA-Lewis Icing Research Aircraft was flown to locations where conditions were believed to be conducive to the formation of Supercooled Large Droplets aloft. Onboard instrumentation was then used to record meteorological, ice accretion, and aero-performance characteristics encountered during the flight. A total of 29 icing research flights were conducted, during which "conventional" small droplet icing, SLD, and mixed phase conditions were encountered aloft. This paper will describe how flight operations were conducted, provide an operational summary of the flights, present selected experimental results from one typical research flight, and conclude with practical "lessons learned" from this first year of operation.

  19. Harmonisation of wind turbine certification in Europe JOULE project EWTC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nath, C. [Germanischer Lloyd, Hamburg (Germany); Eriksson, C. [Det Norske Veritas, Hellerup (Denmark); Hulle, F. van [Frans van Hulle, Petten (Netherlands); Skamris, C. [Risoe National Lab., Roskilde (Denmark); Stam, W. [CIWI Holland, Arnheim (Netherlands); Vionis, P. [CRES, Attki (Greece)

    1999-03-01

    Wind turbine certification requirements are currently fairly divers within Europe. Therefore the leading European certification bodies initiated a JOULE project to harmonise the certification procedure on the basis of the current set of IEC/EN 61400 series standards. The paper presents a review of the state of the art of wind turbine certification in European countries and an outline of the sturcture of the project. The main steps of the project are (a) the collection of differences in certification practices by round robin certification of three wind turbine types; (b) assessment of the different certification results and (c) the development of a harmonised certification procedure. (au) EU-JOULE-3. 19 refs.

  20. Multiple Ratings and Credit Spreads

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bongaerts, D.; Cremers, K.J.M.; Goetzmann, W.N.

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the role played by multiple credit rating agencies (CRAs) in the market for corporate bonds. Moody’s, S&P and Fitch operate in a competitive setting with market demand for both credit information and the certification value of a high rating. We empirically document the outcome of

  1. Multiple Ratings and Credit Spreads

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bongaerts, D.; Cremers, K.J.M.; Goetzmann, W.N.

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the role played by multiple credit rating agencies (CRAs) in the market for corporate bonds. Moody’s, S&P and Fitch operate in a competitive setting with market demand for both credit information and the certification value of a high rating. We empirically document the outcome of

  2. GEO label: The General Framework for Labeling and Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bye, B. L.; McCallum, I.; Maso, J.

    2012-04-01

    The Group on Earth Observations (GEO) is coordinating efforts to build a Global Earth Observation System of Systems, or GEOSS. As part of a strategy to increase the involvement of the science and technology community in GEOSS, both as users and developers of GEOSS itself, GEO decided to develop a GEO label concept related to the scientific relevance, quality, acceptance and societal needs for services and data sets of GEOSS. The development of a GEO label is included in the GEO work plan and several projects address the challenges of developing a GEO label concept. Within the different projects developing the GEO label, various perspectives and approaches are being applied. In order to arrive at a generally accepted GEO label concept, a common understanding and basic knowledge of labeling is necessary. Assessment of quality of internationally standardized Earth observation data products implies possible certification. A general understanding of the framework for international standards and certification will also contribute to a more coherent discussion and more efficient development of a GEO label. We will describe the general labeling and certification framework emphasizing the relation to the three elements of the GEO label: quality, user acceptance and relevance. Based on a survey of international labels done by the EGIDA project, we have analyzed the legal framework and organization of labels and certification. We will discuss the frameworks for certification, user ratings, registration and analysis of user requirements. Quality assessment is a particular focus of the analysis and is based on the work done by the GeoViQua project. A GEO label will function both as a data distribution strategy and as a general management system for data. Through a label users can compare different data sets and get access to more information about the relevant data, including quality. A label will provide traceability of data both in the interest of users as well as data

  3. Certifying the harvest: developments in NTFP certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrick. Mallet

    2001-01-01

    I coordinate a Certification and Marketing program for Falls Brook Centre, an environmental organization based in New Brunswick. I first got interested in certification issues during my work with an international agroforestry network whose members wanted to highlight the ecological practices inherent in their production system. In my initial research, I found that a...

  4. An "Exceptional" NBPTS Certificate for Special Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helms, Ronald G.

    2000-01-01

    This article describes the new National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) certificate for teachers of students with disabilities. The certification process, the required Exceptional Needs portfolio, the assessment center, and the application fee are discussed, along with answers to frequently asked questions about the NBPTS.…

  5. 12 CFR 619.9250 - Participation certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Participation certificates. 619.9250 Section 619.9250 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM DEFINITIONS § 619.9250 Participation certificates. Evidence of investment in a bank or association to which all the rights...

  6. Employment Outcomes of Gerontology Certificate Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adler, Geri

    2008-01-01

    Students desiring specialized skills and knowledge in working with older adults frequently pursue gerontology certificates. This paper reports the results of a study of gerontology certificate graduates which examined their educational backgrounds, their employment status, the predictive factors which led to aging-related jobs, and their…

  7. 7 CFR 800.165 - Corrected certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... this process shall be corrected according to this section. (b) Who may correct. Only official personnel.... According to this section and the instructions, corrected certificates shall show (i) the terms “Corrected... that has been superseded by another certificate or on the basis of a subsequent analysis for...

  8. 7 CFR 868.73 - Corrected certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... authorized agent who affixed the name or signature, or both. Errors found during this process shall be... this section and the instructions, corrected certificates shall show— (i) The terms “Corrected Original... that has been superseded by another certificate or on the basis of a subsequent analysis for quality....

  9. Employment Outcomes of Gerontology Certificate Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adler, Geri

    2008-01-01

    Students desiring specialized skills and knowledge in working with older adults frequently pursue gerontology certificates. This paper reports the results of a study of gerontology certificate graduates which examined their educational backgrounds, their employment status, the predictive factors which led to aging-related jobs, and their…

  10. Teacher Certification Standards: The Virginia Answer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eicher, B. Keith; Sacks, Annabel L.

    1985-01-01

    Virginia's response to criticism dealing with teacher education programs has been to establish cut-off scores on the National Teachers Examination and to develop a provisional certification for all beginning teachers. These changes in teacher certification regulations are discussed. (DF)

  11. 7 CFR 652.26 - Certification renewal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SUPPORT ACTIVITIES TECHNICAL SERVICE PROVIDER ASSISTANCE Certification § 652.26... additional time period in accordance with this section. (b) A technical service provider may request renewal... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification renewal. 652.26 Section...

  12. Brief Introduction to Compulsory Product Certification System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ What is Compulsory Product Certification System? Compulsory Product Certification System is a kind of product qualifying assessment system which implements under laws and regulations by states in order to protect life security of human, animals and plants as well as environmental protection and national security.

  13. PKIX Certificate Status in Hybrid MANETs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz, Jose L.; Esparza, Oscar; Gañán, Carlos; Parra-Arnau, Javier

    Certificate status validation is a hard problem in general but it is particularly complex in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs) because we require solutions to manage both the lack of fixed infrastructure inside the MANET and the possible absence of connectivity to trusted authorities when the certification validation has to be performed. In this sense, certificate acquisition is usually assumed as an initialization phase. However, certificate validation is a critical operation since the node needs to check the validity of certificates in real-time, that is, when a particular certificate is going to be used. In such MANET environments, it may happen that the node is placed in a part of the network that is disconnected from the source of status data at the moment the status checking is required. Proposals in the literature suggest the use of caching mechanisms so that the node itself or a neighbour node has some status checking material (typically on-line status responses or lists of revoked certificates). However, to the best of our knowledge the only criterion to evaluate the cached (obsolete) material is the time. In this paper, we analyse how to deploy a certificate status checking PKI service for hybrid MANET and we propose a new criterion based on risk to evaluate cached status data that is much more appropriate and absolute than time because it takes into account the revocation process.

  14. Administrator Certification Requirements for Student Assessment Competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trevisan, Michael S.

    1999-01-01

    State-level administrator certification requirements were studied with respect to student-assessment expectations, using responses of state certification offices. Only 18 states require some form of student-assessment knowledge and skills, and only Washington state requires the assessment competencies promulgated by the National Policy Board for…

  15. General certification procedure of formation organizations

    CERN Document Server

    Int. At. Energy Agency, Wien

    2002-01-01

    This document presents the procedure dealing with the certification of formation organizations dispensing the formation and the risks prevention to the personnel of A or B category in nuclear facilities. This certification proves the organization ability to satisfy the ''F'' specification of the CEFRI. (A.L.B.)

  16. 10 CFR 76.21 - Certificate required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., use, or transfer radioactive material at the gaseous diffusion plants at Piketon, Ohio, and Paducah... REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS General Provisions § 76.21 Certificate required. (a) The Corporation or its contractors may not operate the gaseous diffusion plants...

  17. Is Halal Certification Process “Green”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Rizal Razalli

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available These days, the environmental perspective on operations is becoming more common. In fact, any effort in improving efficiency in the organization is closely related to sustainability of our environment. The Environmental Management System (EMS certification such as ISO 14001 has been accepted as the world standard. In addition to these ISO standards, there are other certifications such as Halal certification. There is no research that investigates the relationship between Halal Certification process and its effect on our environment. Hence, our main research question is that is Halal Certification process can be considered as environmental friendly? In this paper, we argue that Halal Certification also contributes towards green initiatives. We used EDC-UUM as our case study. EDC-UUM is actively seeking the Halal certification from Malaysian authority agency or JAKIM. In this study, we assessed the perception of the EDC-UUM staff on the issue of going green. The findings and implications are discussed in the paper. Keywords: halal certification, hotel operations, sustainability, green

  18. 5 CFR 1330.403 - System certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal Certification for Pay Purposes § 1330.403 System certification. (a) The performance appraisal system(s) covering senior employees must be... § 430.210, as applicable. In some agencies, the performance appraisal system(s) covers employees in...

  19. 5 CFR 430.403 - System certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal Certification for Pay Purposes § 430.403 System certification. (a) The performance appraisal system(s) covering senior employees must be certified by OPM, with OMB concurrence, as... agencies, the performance appraisal system(s) covers employees in many organizations and/or components,...

  20. 30 CFR 955.15 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... his or her control, OSM may issue a non-renewable temporary OSM blaster certificate for a maximum term... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 955.15 Section 955.15 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROGRAMS FOR...

  1. 40 CFR 61.208 - Certification requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Emissions From Phosphogypsum Stacks § 61.208 Certification requirements. (a)(1) The owner or operator of a stack from which phosphogypsum will be removed and distributed in commerce pursuant to § 61.204, § 61.205, or § 61.206 shall prepare a certification document for each quantity of phosphogypsum which...

  2. 29 CFR 19.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Certification. 19.5 Section 19.5 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RIGHT TO FINANCIAL PRIVACY ACT § 19.5 Certification. Prior to obtaining the requested records pursuant to a formal written request, a senior official designated by the head of the...

  3. 48 CFR 25.702-2 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 25.702-2 Section 25.702-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Prohibited Sources 25.702-2 Certification. As required by the...

  4. 40 CFR 86.001-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.001-30 Section 86.001-30 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.001-30 Certification. Section 86.001-30 includes...

  5. 30 CFR 75.1201 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 75.1201 Section 75.1201 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Maps § 75.1201 Certification. Such map shall be made or...

  6. 29 CFR 501.47 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 501.47 Section 501.47 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT OF... AND NATIONALITY ACT Administrative Proceedings Record § 501.47 Certification. Upon receipt of...

  7. 40 CFR 86.096-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.096-30 Section 86.096-30 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.096-30 Certification. (a)(1)-(14) (a)(15) For...

  8. 40 CFR 86.098-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.098-30 Section 86.098-30 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.098-30 Certification. (a)(1)-(18) (a)(19) For...

  9. 28 CFR 47.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 47.5 Section 47.5 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) RIGHT TO FINANCIAL PRIVACY ACT § 47.5 Certification. Prior to obtaining the requested records pursuant to a formal written request, an official of a rank designated...

  10. 47 CFR 95.851 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 95.851 Section 95.851 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND SPECIAL RADIO SERVICES PERSONAL RADIO SERVICES 218-219 MHz Service Technical Standards § 95.851 Certification. Each CTS and RTU transmitter...

  11. 31 CFR 14.5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 14.5 Section 14.5 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury RIGHT TO FINANCIAL PRIVACY ACT § 14.5 Certification. Prior to obtaining the requested records pursuant to a formal written request,...

  12. 40 CFR 86.095-30 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification. 86.095-30 Section 86.095-30 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.095-30 Certification. (a)(1)-(3) (4)(i)-(iii)...

  13. 46 CFR 160.073-5 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification. 160.073-5 Section 160.073-5 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS... Certification. (a) The float-free link is not approved by the Coast Guard. The manufacturer of the link...

  14. FAA Air Traffic Control Operations Concepts. Volume 6. ARTCC (Air Route Traffic Control Center)/Host En Route Controllers. Change 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-07-29

    8217 and (MinimumVectorAltitude) ’ MVA ’ and Holding Pattern_Airspace and (ProminentObject) *obstruction* O Task Analysis 0-8 DOT/FAA/AP-87-O1 (VOL #6) CHG 1...0 o A 1. 4 .2 . + DETEC T A P IL O T 02 A IRCRA FT PRO 8 , 17M (E .G . .HV POX IA , × XI X X EXCEPTIN BEACON CODE) 0209 .-~-’... VL’ v Al. 4.2. 8

  15. Certification Considerations for Adaptive Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Siddhartha; Cofer, Darren; Musliner, David J.; Mueller, Joseph; Engstrom, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Advanced capabilities planned for the next generation of aircraft, including those that will operate within the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), will necessarily include complex new algorithms and non-traditional software elements. These aircraft will likely incorporate adaptive control algorithms that will provide enhanced safety, autonomy, and robustness during adverse conditions. Unmanned aircraft will operate alongside manned aircraft in the National Airspace (NAS), with intelligent software performing the high-level decision-making functions normally performed by human pilots. Even human-piloted aircraft will necessarily include more autonomy. However, there are serious barriers to the deployment of new capabilities, especially for those based upon software including adaptive control (AC) and artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms. Current civil aviation certification processes are based on the idea that the correct behavior of a system must be completely specified and verified prior to operation. This report by Rockwell Collins and SIFT documents our comprehensive study of the state of the art in intelligent and adaptive algorithms for the civil aviation domain, categorizing the approaches used and identifying gaps and challenges associated with certification of each approach.

  16. Performance on the adult rheumatology in-training examination and relationship to outcomes on the rheumatology certification examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohr, Kristine M; Clauser, Amanda; Hess, Brian J; Gelber, Allan C; Valeriano-Marcet, Joanne; Lipner, Rebecca S; Haist, Steven A; Hawley, Janine L; Zirkle, Sarah; Bolster, Marcy B

    2015-11-01

    The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Adult Rheumatology In-Training Examination (ITE) is a feedback tool designed to identify strengths and weaknesses in the content knowledge of individual fellows-in-training and the training program curricula. We determined whether scores on the ACR ITE, as well as scores on other major standardized medical examinations and competency-based ratings, could be used to predict performance on the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Rheumatology Certification Examination. Between 2008 and 2012, 629 second-year fellows took the ACR ITE. Bivariate correlation analyses of assessment scores and multiple linear regression analyses were used to determine whether ABIM Rheumatology Certification Examination scores could be predicted on the basis of ACR ITE scores, United States Medical Licensing Examination scores, ABIM Internal Medicine Certification Examination scores, fellowship directors' ratings of overall clinical competency, and demographic variables. Logistic regression was used to evaluate whether these assessments were predictive of a passing outcome on the Rheumatology Certification Examination. In the initial linear model, the strongest predictors of the Rheumatology Certification Examination score were the second-year fellows' ACR ITE scores (β = 0.438) and ABIM Internal Medicine Certification Examination scores (β = 0.273). Using a stepwise model, the strongest predictors of higher scores on the Rheumatology Certification Examination were second-year fellows' ACR ITE scores (β = 0.449) and ABIM Internal Medicine Certification Examination scores (β = 0.276). Based on the findings of logistic regression analysis, ACR ITE performance was predictive of a pass/fail outcome on the Rheumatology Certification Examination (odds ratio 1.016 [95% confidence interval 1.011-1.021]). The predictive value of the ACR ITE score with regard to predicting performance on the Rheumatology Certification Examination

  17. Further increased production of free fatty acids by overexpressing a predicted transketolase gene of the pentose phosphate pathway in Aspergillus oryzae faaA disruptant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamano, Koichi; Miura, Ai

    2016-09-01

    Free fatty acids are useful as source materials for the production of biodiesel fuel and various chemicals such as pharmaceuticals and dietary supplements. Previously, we attained a 9.2-fold increase in free fatty acid productivity by disrupting a predicted acyl-CoA synthetase gene (faaA, AO090011000642) in Aspergillus oryzae. In this study, we achieved further increase in the productivity by overexpressing a predicted transketolase gene of the pentose phosphate pathway in the faaA disruptant. The A. oryzae genome is predicted to have three transketolase genes and overexpression of AO090023000345, one of the three genes, resulted in phenotypic change and further increase (corresponding to an increased production of 0.38 mmol/g dry cell weight) in free fatty acids at 1.4-fold compared to the faaA disruptant. Additionally, the biomass of hyphae increased at 1.2-fold by the overexpression. As a result, free fatty acid production yield per liter of liquid culture increased at 1.7-fold by the overexpression.

  18. Rapid and simultaneous determination of essential minerals and trace elements in human milk by improved flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS) with microwave digestion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yang; Zhang, Bo; Chen, Ming; Wang, Jue; Zhang, Xue; Gao, Wei-Yin; Huang, Jun-Fu; Fu, Wei-Ling

    2010-09-08

    A method for the simultaneous and economical determination of many trace elements in human milk is developed. Two multi-element hollow cathode lamps (HCLs) were used instead of single-element HCLs to improve the sample throughput of flame atomic absorption spectroscopy (FAAS). The microwave digestion of milk is optimized prior to detection, and the performance characteristics of the improved analysis method are identified. Clinical samples are detected by both FAAS and inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) for methodology evaluation. Results reveal that the proposed FAAS with multi-element HCLs could determine six essential minerals and trace elements within 15 min. This method provides a linear analytical range of 0.01-10 mg L(-1). For Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, and Zn, the limits of determination are 1.5, 3, 1.8, 2.2, 2.1, and 1.3 microg L(-1), respectively. The mean relative standard deviations (RSDs) of intra- and interassays are lower than 7%. Excellent operational characteristics of rapidity, simplicity, and economy make the proposed method a promising one for the quantification of trace elements in human milk in clinics of underdeveloped areas.

  19. Future FAA Telecommunications Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-08-01

    pathway between the communications and processing functions. 13.2.2 Functional/Physical Interface Requirements The WMSCR interfaces are illustrated in...communication requirements to support full internodal redundancy, and physically diverse communications paths providing circuit redundancy. 13.4.1.1.1...interface as a pathway between itself and users who are attached to (1) the NADIN II directly, (2) through the NADIN PSN/Message Switching Network (MSN) or

  20. Complexity and Safety (FAA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-27

    subsystems (~stepper motor) • 30 medium-sized subsystems (~wheel brake) • 10 large-sized subsystems (~ hypothetical SAAB -EII 100) Estimate EPC for each kind...16.5 EPC (medium) = 32 • For the large system, used the example in [Peterson 2015]: hypothetical SAAB -EII 100 aircraft; estimated the EPC based

  1. 40 CFR 89.121 - Certificate of conformity effective dates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of conformity effective... Standards and Certification Provisions § 89.121 Certificate of conformity effective dates. The certificate of conformity is valid from the date of issuance by EPA until 31 December of the model year...

  2. 40 CFR 91.106 - Certificate of conformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of conformity. 91.106... Provisions § 91.106 Certificate of conformity. (a) Every manufacturer of a new marine SI engine produced... obtain a certificate of conformity covering each engine family. The certificate of conformity must...

  3. 40 CFR 90.106 - Certificate of conformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of conformity. 90.106... Standards and Certification Provisions § 90.106 Certificate of conformity. (a)(1) Except as provided in § 90... certificate of conformity covering such engines; however, engines manufactured during an annual...

  4. 40 CFR 89.105 - Certificate of conformity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of conformity. 89.105... and Certification Provisions § 89.105 Certificate of conformity. Every manufacturer of a new nonroad compression-ignition engine must obtain a certificate of conformity covering the engine family, as...

  5. 29 CFR 525.17 - Revocation of certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Revocation of certificates. 525.17 Section 525.17 Labor... OF WORKERS WITH DISABILITIES UNDER SPECIAL CERTIFICATES § 525.17 Revocation of certificates. (a) A... the certificate have been violated; or (3) As of the date of notice of revocation, if it is found...

  6. 29 CFR 530.411 - Emergency certificate revocation procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emergency certificate revocation procedures. 530.411... Emergency certificate revocation procedures. (a) When the Administrator determines that immediate revocation... notice of proposed emergency revocation of a certificate shall be sent to the certificate holder...

  7. 29 CFR 1601.79 - Revocation of certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Revocation of certification. 1601.79 Section 1601.79 Labor... Agency Designation Procedures § 1601.79 Revocation of certification. Certification of a designated FEP... concerning the efficacy of the certification of any designated FEP agency. The revocation shall be...

  8. 9 CFR 54.22 - State scrapie certification boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State scrapie certification boards. 54... SCRAPIE Scrapie Flock Certification Program § 54.22 State scrapie certification boards. An area... a State scrapie certification board for the purpose of coordinating activities for the Scrapie...

  9. 40 CFR 85.1507 - Maintenance of certificate holder's records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Maintenance of certificate holder's... Vehicle Engines § 85.1507 Maintenance of certificate holder's records. (a) The certificate holder subject... date of entry of a nonconforming vehicle or engine imported by the certificate holder,...

  10. Certification of a weld produced by friction stir welding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obaditch, Chris; Grant, Glenn J

    2013-10-01

    Methods, devices, and systems for providing certification of friction stir welds are disclosed. A sensor is used to collect information related to a friction stir weld. Data from the sensor is compared to threshold values provided by an extrinsic standard setting organizations using a certification engine. The certification engine subsequently produces a report on the certification status of the weld.

  11. 9 CFR 151.5 - Alteration of pedigree certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Alteration of pedigree certificate. 151.5 Section 151.5 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... Certification of Purebred Animals § 151.5 Alteration of pedigree certificate. No pedigree certificate which in...

  12. 29 CFR 525.9 - Criteria for employment of workers with disabilities under certificates at special minimum wage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... certificates at special minimum wage rates. 525.9 Section 525.9 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued... special minimum wage rates. (a) In order to determine that special minimum wage rates are necessary in... at the special minimum wage rate; (3) The productivity of the workers with disabilities compared to...

  13. 75 FR 12470 - Automotive Fuel Ratings, Certification and Posting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-16

    ... sets forth precise specifications regarding the content, size, color, and font of the labels. On March... 2885 Standard Test Method for Determination of Octane Number of Spark-Ignition Engine Fuels by On-line... ``test method (suitable for determining Motor and Research Octane values) should be allowed to be...

  14. 76 FR 19684 - Automotive Fuel Ratings Certification and Posting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    ... sample, ASTM D2699 and ASTM D2700 should continue to be used as the referee method. This approach, which... referee method.\\28\\ \\28\\ Id. at 6. As a mechanism for allowing the Infrared Method through an enforceable...

  15. Certificate Revocation Management in VANET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghassan Samara

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Vehicular Ad hoc Network security is one of the hottest topics of research in the field of network security. One of the ultimate goals in the design of such networking is to resist various malicious abuses and security attacks. In this research new security mechanism is proposed to reduce the channel load resulted from frequent warning broadcasting happened in the adversary discovery process – Accusation Report (AR - which produces a heavy channel load from all the vehicles in the road to report about any new adversary disovery. Furthermore, this mechanism will replace the Certificate Revocation List (CRL, which cause long delay and high load on the channel with Local Revocation List (LRL which will make it fast and easy in the adversary discovery process.

  16. High-dimensional entanglement certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Zixin; Maccone, Lorenzo; Karim, Akib; Macchiavello, Chiara; Chapman, Robert J; Peruzzo, Alberto

    2016-06-17

    Quantum entanglement is the ability of joint quantum systems to possess global properties (correlation among systems) even when subsystems have no definite individual property. Whilst the 2-dimensional (qubit) case is well-understood, currently, tools to characterise entanglement in high dimensions are limited. We experimentally demonstrate a new procedure for entanglement certification that is suitable for large systems, based entirely on information-theoretics. It scales more efficiently than Bell's inequality and entanglement witness. The method we developed works for arbitrarily large system dimension d and employs only two local measurements of complementary properties. This procedure can also certify whether the system is maximally entangled. We illustrate the protocol for families of bipartite states of qudits with dimension up to 32 composed of polarisation-entangled photon pairs.

  17. Classification of Cancer-related Death Certificates using Machine Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke Butt

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundCancer monitoring and prevention relies on the critical aspect of timely notification of cancer cases. However, the abstraction and classification of cancer from the free-text of pathology reports and other relevant documents, such as death certificates, exist as complex and time-consuming activities.AimsIn this paper, approaches for the automatic detection of notifiable cancer cases as the cause of death from free-text death certificates supplied to Cancer Registries are investigated.Method A number of machine learning classifiers were studied. Features were extracted using natural language techniques and the Medtex toolkit. The numerous features encompassed stemmed words, bi-grams, and concepts from the SNOMED CT medical terminology. The baseline consisted of a keyword spotter using keywords extracted from the long description of ICD-10 cancer related codes.ResultsDeath certificates with notifiable cancer listed as the cause of death can be effectively identified with the methods studied in this paper. A Support Vector Machine (SVM classifier achieved best performance with an overall F-measure of 0.9866 when evaluated on a set of 5,000 free-text death certificates using the token stem feature set. The SNOMED CT concept plus token stem feature set reached the lowest variance (0.0032 and false negative rate (0.0297 while achieving an F-measure of 0.9864. The SVM classifier accounts for the first 18 of the top 40 evaluated runs, and entails the most robust classifier with a variance of 0.001141, half the variance of the other classifiers.ConclusionThe selection of features significantly produced the most influences on the performance of the classifiers, although the type of classifier employed also affects performance. In contrast, the feature weighting schema created a negligible effect on performance. Specifically, it is found that stemmed tokens with or without SNOMED CT concepts create the most effective feature when combined with

  18. Dealing with sickness certification – a survey of problems and strategies among general practitioners and orthopaedic surgeons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilsson Gunnar

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In order to get sickness benefit a sick-listed person need a medical certificate issued by a physician; in Sweden after one week of self-certification. Physicians experience sick-listing tasks as problematic and conflicts may arise when patients regard themselves unable to work due to complaints that are hard to objectively verify for the physician. Most GPs and orthopaedic surgeons (OS deal regularly with sick-listing issues in their daily practice. The aim of this study was to explore perceived problems and coping strategies related to tasks of sickness certification among general practitioners (GP and orthopaedic surgeons (OS. Methods A cross-sectional study about sickness certification in two Swedish counties, with 673 participating GPs and 149 OSs, who answered a comprehensive questionnaire. Frequencies together with crude and adjusted (gender and working years Odds ratios were calculated. Results A majority of the GPs and OSs experienced problems in sickness certification every week. To assess the patient's work ability, to handle situations when they and the patient had different opinions about the need for sickness absence, and to issue prolongation certificates when the previous was issued by another physician were reported as problematic by a majority in both groups. Both GPs and OSs prolonged sickness certifications due to waiting times in health care or at Social Insurance Office (SIO. To handle experienced problems they used different strategies; OSs issued sickness certificates without personal appointment more often than the GPs, who on the other hand reported having contact with SIO more often than the OSs. A higher rate of GPs experienced support from management and had a common strategy for handling sickness certification at the clinic than the OSs. Conclusion Most GPs and OSs handled sickness certification weekly and reported a variety of problems in relation to this task, generally GPs to a higher extent

  19. Anthropomorphic Test Drive (ATD) Certification Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The ATD Certification Laboratory consists of several test fixtures to ensure ATDs are functioning correctly and within specifications prior to use in any OP testing....

  20. 24 CFR 242.40 - Mortgagee certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES MORTGAGE INSURANCE FOR HOSPITALS Endorsement for Insurance § 242.40 Mortgagee certificate. At initial...

  1. 22 CFR 40.51 - Labor certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Labor Certification and Qualification for Certain..., shall be ineligible under INA 212(a)(5)(A) to receive a visa unless the Secretary of Labor has...

  2. Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Certification Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    GREAGER, T.M.

    1999-12-14

    The Hanford Site Transuranic Waste Certification Plan establishes the programmatic framework and criteria with in which the Hanford Site ensures that contract-handled TRU wastes can be certified as compliant with the WIPP WAC and TRUPACT-II SARP.

  3. Hanford Site Transuranic (TRU) Waste Certification Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    GREAGER, T.M.

    1999-09-09

    The Hanford Site Transuranic Waste Certification Plan establishes the programmatic framework and criteria within which the Hanford Site ensures that contract-handled TRU wastes can be certified as compliant with the WIPP WAC and TRUPACT-II SARP.

  4. Section 608 Technician Certification Test Topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Identifies some of the topics covered on Section 608 Technician Certification tests such as ozone depletion, the Clean Air Act and Montreal Protocol, Substitute Refrigerants and oils, Refrigeration and Recovery Techniques.

  5. Drinking Water Operator Certification and Certificate to Operate Criteria/Requirements for US Navy Overseas Drinking Water Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-22

    records) Definitions based on USEPA’s Guidance Manual for Conducting Sanitary Surveys 10 Certificate to Operate ( CTO ) Based on Sanitary...Topics For discussion •Bottom Line Up Front (BLUF) •Background •Key Elements of Plan of Action •Certificate to Operate ( CTO ) •Operator Certification...are the Certificate to Operate ( CTO ) and Operator training and certification  There have been a number of challenges; namely with operator

  6. Death certification in cancer of the breast.

    OpenAIRE

    1984-01-01

    The cause of death entered on the death certificates of 193 patients originally diagnosed as having cancer of the breast was compared with information obtained from clinical records, cancer registry records, and necropsy findings to determine the accuracy of death certification and the proportion of patients who, though dying from another cause, still had overt signs of cancer of the breast. It was found that the overall error in certifying cause of death as breast cancer was small, being an ...

  7. An Unusual Decade for China's Certification Cause

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Manman

    2011-01-01

    @@ On August 29, 2001, the Cer-tification and Accreditation Administration of the People's Republic of China (CNCA) was founded, which signifies the quality of Chinese products, and the certification and accreditation in China having entered into a new phase.On the inaugural meet-ing, the State Councilor Wu Yi said in her speech, " China is going to join WTO.As a member of WTO, China will abide by the rules of WTO.

  8. NIHSS Certification is Reliable Across Multiple Venues

    OpenAIRE

    Lyden, Patrick; Raman, Rema; Liu, Lin; Emr, Marian; Warren, Margo; Marler, John

    2009-01-01

    NIH Stroke Scale certification is required for participation in modern stroke clinical trials and as part of good clinical care in stroke centers. A new training and demonstration DVD was produced to replace existing training and certification videotapes. Previously, this DVD, with 18 patients representing all possible scores on 15 scale items, was shown to be reliable among expert users. The DVD is now the standard for NIH stroke scale training but the videos have not been validated among ge...

  9. Software Quality Certification: identifying the real obstacles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan Baker

    1996-05-01

    Full Text Available A case study of software certification reveals the real difficulty of certifying quality beyond superficial assessment - readers are invited to form their own conclusions. AS 3563 Software Quality Management System is the Australian version of ISO 9001, developed specifically for the software industry. For many Australian software houses, gaining certification with AS 3563 is a priority since certification has become a prerequisite to doing business with government departments and major corporations. However, the process of achieving registration with this standard is a lengthy and resource intensive process, and may have little impact on actual software quality. This case study recounts the experience of the consulting arm of one of Australia's accounting firms in its quest for certification. By using a number of specific management strategies this company was able to successfully implement AS 3563 in less than half the time usually taken to achieve certification - a feat for which its management should be congratulated. However, because the focus of the project was on gaining certification, few internal benefits have been realised despite the successful implementation of the standard.

  10. Producer-level benefits of sustainability certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackman, Allen; Rivera, Jorge

    2011-12-01

    Initiatives certifying that producers of goods and services adhere to defined environmental and social-welfare production standards are increasingly popular. According to proponents, these initiatives create financial incentives for producers to improve their environmental, social, and economic performance. We reviewed the evidence on whether these initiatives have such benefits. We identified peer-reviewed, ex post, producer-level studies in economic sectors in which certification is particularly prevalent (bananas, coffee, fish products, forest products, and tourism operations), classified these studies on the basis of whether their design and methods likely generated credible results, summarized findings from the studies with credible results, and considered how these findings might guide future research. We found 46 relevant studies, most of which focused on coffee and forest products and examined fair-trade and Forest Stewardship Council certification. The methods used in 11 studies likely generated credible results. Of these 11 studies, nine examined the economic effects and two the environmental effects of certification. The results of four of the 11 studies, all of which examined economic effects, showed that certification has producer-level benefits. Hence, the evidence to support the hypothesis that certification benefits the environment or producers is limited. More evidence could be generated by incorporating rigorous, independent evaluation into the design and implementation of projects promoting certification.

  11. NASA's EOSDIS, Trust and Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramapriyan, H. K.

    2017-01-01

    NASA's Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS) has been in operation since August 1994, managing most of NASA's Earth science data from satellites, airborne sensors, filed campaigns and other activities. Having been designated by the Federal Government as a project responsible for production, archiving and distribution of these data through its Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs), the Earth Science Data and Information System Project (ESDIS) is responsible for EOSDIS, and is legally bound by the Office of Management and Budgets circular A-130, the Federal Records Act. It must follow the regulations of the National Institute of Standards and Technologies (NIST) and National Archive and Records Administration (NARA). It must also follow the NASA Procedural Requirement 7120.5 (NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management). All these ensure that the data centers managed by ESDIS are trustworthy from the point of view of efficient and effective operations as well as preservation of valuable data from NASA's missions. Additional factors contributing to this trust are an extensive set of internal and external reviews throughout the history of EOSDIS starting in the early 1990s. Many of these reviews have involved external groups of scientific and technological experts. Also, independent annual surveys of user satisfaction that measure and publish the American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI), where EOSDIS has scored consistently high marks since 2004, provide an additional measure of trustworthiness. In addition, through an effort initiated in 2012 at the request of NASA HQ, the ESDIS Project and 10 of 12 DAACs have been certified by the International Council for Science (ICSU) World Data System (WDS) and are members of the ICSUWDS. This presentation addresses questions such as pros and cons of the certification process, key outcomes and next steps regarding certification. Recently, the ICSUWDS and Data Seal of Approval (DSA) organizations

  12. CCNA Certification All-In-One For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Angelescu, Silviu

    2010-01-01

    A complete preparation guide for the entry-level networking CCNA certification. If you're planning to advance your career by taking the all-important Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA), this is the study guide you need! Seven minibooks cover all the concepts and topics on which you'll be tested, covering the latest version of the exam. Each part of the exam is covered thoroughly in its own section, so you can readily find the information you want to study. Plenty of review questions help you prepare, and the companion CD-ROM includes the highly rated Dummies Test Engine so you can test y

  13. Enacting Third-Party Certification: A Case Study of Science and Politics in Organic Shrimp Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konefal, Jason; Hatanaka, Maki

    2011-01-01

    As third-party certification has become a prominent governance mechanism, conflicting understandings of it have emerged. Proponents advance third-party certification as a technical and objective governance mechanism, while critics argue that politics and relations of power characterize it. We reject this dichotomization both in terms of how TPC is…

  14. General certification procedure of formation organizations; Procedure generale de certification des organismes de formation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This document presents the procedure dealing with the certification of formation organizations dispensing the formation and the risks prevention to the personnel of A or B category in nuclear facilities. This certification proves the organization ability to satisfy the ''F'' specification of the CEFRI. (A.L.B.)

  15. Certification of thermal solar systems in the Netherlands and monitoring the results of certification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ree, B.G.C. van der

    1996-01-01

    Due to the rapid growth of the solar energy market in the Netherlands, quality control of solar systems is well under way. An important tool to improve the infrastructure of the solar market is certification of solar energy systems. Certification in the Netherlands is being developed in two projects

  16. Tradable white certificate schemes : what can we learn from tradable green certificate schemes?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oikonomou, Vlasis; Mundaca, Luis

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze the experiences gained from tradable green certificate (TGC) schemes and extract some policy lessons that can lead to a successful design of a market-based approach for energy efficiency improvement, alias tradable white certificate schemes. We use tradable green certificat

  17. Tradable white certificate schemes : what can we learn from tradable green certificate schemes?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oikonomou, Vlasis; Mundaca, Luis

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we analyze the experiences gained from tradable green certificate (TGC) schemes and extract some policy lessons that can lead to a successful design of a market-based approach for energy efficiency improvement, alias tradable white certificate schemes. We use tradable green certificat

  18. Enacting Third-Party Certification: A Case Study of Science and Politics in Organic Shrimp Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konefal, Jason; Hatanaka, Maki

    2011-01-01

    As third-party certification has become a prominent governance mechanism, conflicting understandings of it have emerged. Proponents advance third-party certification as a technical and objective governance mechanism, while critics argue that politics and relations of power characterize it. We reject this dichotomization both in terms of how TPC is…

  19. Certification of thermal solar systems in the Netherlands and monitoring the results of certification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ree, B.G.C. van der

    1996-01-01

    Due to the rapid growth of the solar energy market in the Netherlands, quality control of solar systems is well under way. An important tool to improve the infrastructure of the solar market is certification of solar energy systems. Certification in the Netherlands is being developed in two projects

  20. Hardware cleanliness methodology and certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, Gale A.; Lash, Thomas J.; Rawls, J. Richard

    1995-01-01

    Inadequacy of mass loss cleanliness criteria for selection of materials for contamination sensitive uses, and processing of flight hardware for contamination sensitive instruments is discussed. Materials selection for flight hardware is usually based on mass loss (ASTM E-595). However, flight hardware cleanliness (MIL 1246A) is a surface cleanliness assessment. It is possible for materials (e.g. Sil-Pad 2000) to pass ASTM E-595 and fail MIL 1246A class A by orders of magnitude. Conversely, it is possible for small amounts of nonconforming material (Huma-Seal conformal coating) to not present significant cleanliness problems to an optical flight instrument. Effective cleaning (precleaning, precision cleaning, and ultra cleaning) and cleanliness verification are essential for contamination sensitive flight instruments. Polish cleaning of hardware, e.g. vacuum baking for vacuum applications, and storage of clean hardware, e.g. laser optics, is discussed. Silicone materials present special concerns for use in space because of the rapid conversion of the outgassed residues to glass by solar ultraviolet radiation and/or atomic oxygen. Non ozone depleting solvent cleaning and institutional support for cleaning and certification are also discussed.

  1. Solid-phase extraction of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions from environmental samples by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duran, Celal [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Art and Science, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon (Turkey); Gundogdu, Ali [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Art and Science, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon (Turkey); Bulut, Volkan Numan [Department of Chemistry, Giresun Faculty of Art and Science, Karadeniz Technical University, 28049 Giresun (Turkey); Soylak, Mustafa [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Art and Science, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri (Turkey)]. E-mail: soylak@erciyes.edu.tr; Elci, Latif [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Art and Science, Pamukkale University, 20020 Denizli (Turkey); Sentuerk, Hasan Basri [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Art and Science, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon (Turkey); Tuefekci, Mehmet [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Art and Science, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon (Turkey)

    2007-07-19

    A new method using a column packed with Amberlite XAD-2010 resin as a solid-phase extractant has been developed for the multi-element preconcentration of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), and Pb(II) ions based on their complex formation with the sodium diethyldithiocarbamate (Na-DDTC) prior to flame atomic absorption spectrometric (FAAS) determinations. Metal complexes sorbed on the resin were eluted by 1 mol L{sup -1} HNO{sub 3} in acetone. Effects of the analytical conditions over the preconcentration yields of the metal ions, such as pH, quantity of Na-DDTC, eluent type, sample volume and flow rate, foreign ions etc. have been investigated. The limits of detection (LOD) of the analytes were found in the range 0.08-0.26 {mu}g L{sup -1}. The method was validated by analyzing three certified reference materials. The method has been applied for the determination of trace elements in some environmental samples.

  2. System Performance, Error Rates, and Training Time for Recent FAA Academy Nonradar Graduates, Community Persons, and Handicapped Persons on the Radar Training Facility Pilot Position,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    acceptable limits. Feedback gives this knowledge. Negative reinforcement may have some useful purpose in training. On the other hand, it is doubtful that...it can serve usefully as the only means of shaping behavior. If negative reinforcement is used, it should be used in conjunction with opportunities

  3. "11th Five Year" Plan on Certification and Accreditation Standardization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ To strengthen the certification and authorization standardization system, the Certification and Accreditation Administration of China (CNCA), and Standardization Administration of China (SAC)have jointly promulgated the "11th Five Year" Plan on Development of Certification and Accreditation Standardization. In compliance with the "11th Five Year" Plan on Development of Certification and Accreditation Cause and the "11th Five Year" Plan on Development of Standardization,the "11th Five Year"Plan on Development of Certification and Accreditation Standardization provides comprehensive guidance to and basis for the certification and accreditation cause during the "11th Five Year".

  4. 76 FR 38287 - Energy Conservation Program: Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Consumer Products and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ...); commercial water heaters, commercial hot water supply boilers, and unfired hot water storage tanks... certification in this very short time.'' Id. Additionally, Royal Vendors, Inc. reported that, because it offers... model numbers, modified rating); and (4) any new models a manufacturer anticipates offering for...

  5. Accuracy of Death Certificates and Assessment of Factors for Misclassification of Underlying Cause of Death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makiko Naka Mieno

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Cause of death (COD information taken from death certificates is often inaccurate and incomplete. However, the accuracy of Underlying CODs (UCODs recorded on death certificates has not been comprehensively described when multiple diseases are present. Methods: A total of 450 consecutive autopsies performed at a geriatric hospital in Japan between February 2000 and August 2002 were studied. We evaluated the concordance rate, sensitivity, and specificity of major UCODs (cancer, heart disease, and pneumonia reported on death certificates compared with a reference standard of pathologist assessment based on autopsy data and clinical records. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the effect of sex, age, comorbidity, and UCODs on misclassification. Results: The concordance rate was relatively high for cancer (81% but low for heart disease (55% and pneumonia (9%. The overall concordance rate was 48%. Sex and comorbidity did not affect UCOD misclassification rates, which tended to increase with patient age, although the association with age was also not significant. The strongest factor for misclassification was UCODs (P < 0.0001. Sensitivity and specificity for cancer were very high (80% and 96%, respectively, but sensitivity for heart disease and pneumonia was 60% and 46%, respectively. Specificity for each UCOD was more than 85%. Conclusions: Researchers should be aware of the accuracy of COD data from death certificates used as research resources, especially for cases of elderly patients with pneumonia.

  6. A Demonstration of Validity for Certification by the American Board of Anesthesiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slogoff, Stephen; And Others

    1994-01-01

    To investigate the validity of anesthesiologist certification, 146 anesthesiology program directors were asked whether they would permit each of their graduating residents to complete 3 increasingly complex anesthetic regimens to the directors themselves and rate residents on specific skills. Director responses generally correspond to…

  7. 19 CFR 10.411 - Certification of origin or other information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... English or Spanish language. If the certification or other information is completed in Spanish, the...; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile... the exporter or importer that the good qualifies as an originating good. (d) Language....

  8. 18 CFR 284.284 - Blanket certificates for unbundled sales services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... granted a blanket certificate of public convenience and necessity pursuant to section 7 of the Natural Gas... the sales customer to arrange for any pipeline-provided service necessary to deliver gas to the customer. (e) Small customer cost-based rate. A pipeline that provided bundled sales service to a...

  9. Initial Teacher Certification Testing in Massachusetts: A Case of the Tail Wagging the Dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flippo, Rona F.; Riccards, Michael P.

    2000-01-01

    An evaluation of the Massachusetts Educator Certification Test has revealed unforeseen, counterproductive consequences. Teacher preparation colleges are adjusting curricular emphases to teach to a test of dubious validity and are inadvertently excluding substantial portions of enrollees to boost test scores. Minorities are failing at higher rates.…

  10. 77 FR 4688 - National School Lunch Program: Direct Certification Continuous Improvement Plans Required by the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-31

    ... the NSLP and/or School Breakfast Program to establish, by school year (SY) 2008-2009, a system to... agencies and FNS timelier access to data elements important for the direct certification rate calculation... breakfast and lunch programs. 7 CFR Part 272 Alaska, Civil rights, Claims, Food stamps, Grant...

  11. ISO and software quality assurance - licensing and certification of software professionals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hare, J.; Rodin, L.

    1997-11-01

    This report contains viewgraphs on licensing and certifing of software professionals. Discussed in this report are: certification programs; licensing programs; why became certified; certification as a condition of empolyment; certification requirements; and examination structures.

  12. 78 FR 64141 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Certificate of Housing Counseling...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... Collection: Certificate of Housing Counseling: Homeownership and Certificate of Housing Counseling: Home... Counseling: Homeownership and Certificate of Housing Counseling: Home Retention. OMB Approval Number: 2502... Information and Proposed Use: Counseling certificates will provide proof to lenders and other...

  13. Added Qualifications in Microsurgery: Consideration for Subspecialty Certification in Microvascular Surgery in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidekrueger, Paul I; Tanna, Neil; Weichman, Katie E; Szpalski, Caroline; Tos, Pierluigi; Ninkovic, Milomir; Broer, P Niclas

    2016-07-01

    Background While implementation of subspecializations may increase expertise in a certain area of treatment, there also exist downsides. Aim of this study was, across several disciplines, to find out if the technique of microsurgery warrants the introduction of a "Certificate of Added Qualifications (CAQ) in microsurgery." Methods An anonymous, web-based survey was administered to directors of microsurgical departments in Europe (n = 205). Respondents were asked, among other questions, whether they had completed a 12-month microvascular surgery fellowship and whether they believed a CAQ in microvascular surgery should be instituted. Results The response rate was 57%, and 33% of the respondents had completed a 12-month microvascular surgery fellowship.A total of 61% of all surgeons supported a CAQ in microsurgery. Answers ranged from 47% of support to 100% of support, depending on the countries surveyed. Discussion This is one of the few reports to evaluate the potential role of subspecialty certification of microvascular surgery across several European countries. The data demonstrate that the majority of directors of microsurgical departments support such a certificate. There was significantly greater support for a CAQ in microsurgery among those who have completed a formal microvascular surgery fellowship themselves. Conclusion This study supports the notion that further discussion and consideration of subspecialty certification in microvascular surgery appears necessary. There are multiple concerns surrounding this issue. Similar to the evolution of hand surgery certification, an exploratory committee of executive members of the respective medical boards and official societies may be warranted.

  14. Optimization of a cloud point extraction procedure with response surface methodology for the quantification of dissolved iron in produced water from the petroleum industry using FAAS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gondim, Tamyris A; Guedes, Jhonyson A C; Ribeiro, Livia P D; Lopes, Gisele S; Matos, Wladiana O

    2017-01-30

    The characterization of inorganic elements in the produced water (PW) samples is a difficult task because of the complexity of the matrix. This work deals with a study of a methodology for dissolved Fe quantification in PW from oil industry by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) after cloud point extraction (CPE). The procedure is based on the CPE using PAN as complexing agent and Triton X-114 as surfactant. The best conditions for Fe extraction parameters were studied using a Box-Behnken design. The proposed method presented a LOQ of 0.010μgmL(-1) and LOD of 0.003μgmL(-1). The precision of the method was evaluated in terms of repeatability, obtaining a coefficient of variation of 2.54%. The accuracy of the method was assessed by recovery experiments of Fe spiked that presented recovery of 103.28%. The method was applied with satisfactory performance to determine Fe by FAAS in PW samples.

  15. Supplier certification modified for health care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C F

    1997-11-01

    There have been numerous articles written in detail regarding industrial-based supplier certification programs. These programs generally concentrate on suppliers of raw materials. After reviewing them, it is difficult to visualize how these programs could support the ambulatory or inpatient operations of a healthcare institution. The University of Maryland Medical Center, a 747-bed teaching hospital in Baltimore, took on the challenge to adapt the supplier certification program to support its healthcare institution. After months of struggle, a program emerged by expanding the Medical Center's current process management philosophy, to include its suppliers. Documentation from the program developed by the Medical Center indicates the level of supplier support has increased. Through this certification program, the supplier is aware of the Medical Center's expectations and needs. In turn, the Medical Center has become aware of how its internal processes can hinder the supplier's operation. The supplier certification program has provided a valuable communication conduit. This article covers a brief summation of the industrial-based supplier certification program and how the University of Maryland Medical Center has adapted the program to support all its operations.

  16. Obtaining your annual internal taxation certificate

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    (cf. Article R IV 2.04 of the Staff Regulations) Your annual internal taxation certificate will state the taxable amount of your CERN remuneration, payments and other financial benefits and the amount of tax levied by the Organization during the previous financial year. In France, your tax return must be accompanied by this certificate. Current Members of the Personnel (including Members of the Personnel participating in a pre-retirement programme): - You will receive an e-mail containing a link to your printable annual certificate, which will be stored together with your pay and leave statements (e-Payslips). - You can also access your annual certificate via https://hrt.cern.ch (open 'My Payslips' at the bottom of the main menu.) - If you experience any technical difficulties in accessing your annual certificate (e.g. invalid AIS login or password), please contact CERN's AIS support team at ais.support@cern.ch. Former Members of the Personnel:- If you remember your AIS login and password, you can acc...

  17. Waste certification: Who really is on first?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1989-11-01

    Waste certification is the process of stating whether or not a given waste package meets the acceptance criteria of whatever facility is receiving the package. Establishing a program for certification of low-level waste requires coordination of a variety of requirements and limitations, including regulations, physical characteristics of the waste and of the type of radiation emitted by radionuclides in the waste, uncertainty in measurements, quality assurance, and personnel exposures. The goal of such a program must be to provide an acceptable degree of assurance that the waste generating facility will be able to convince the waste receiving facility that individual waste packages do meet the applicable waste acceptance criteria. The preceding paragraph raises many questions: what is an acceptable degree of assurance? What does one have to do to convince a receiving facility? How can the measurement uncertainty be taken into account? This paper attempts to address several of those questions in the context of the development being done in the solid low-level waste (SLLW) certification program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). First, a brief history of the SLLW certification program at ORNL is presented. The remaining discussions are devoted to considering the problems and pitfalls of implementing a waste certification program, concentrating on such areas as the responsibilities of various organizations and individuals, waste characterization techniques, handling levels of uncertainty, and development of waste acceptance criteria.

  18. Implementation of thermographers' certification in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Santos, Laerte; Alves, Luiz M.; da Costa Bortoni, Edson

    2011-05-01

    In recent years Brazil has experienced extraordinary growth despite the recent economic global crisis. The demand for infrared thermography products and services has accompanied this growth. Like other non-destructive testing and inspection, the results obtained by thermography are highly dependent on the skills of thermographer. Therefore, it is very important to establish a serious and recognized process of certification to assess thermographers' qualifications and help services suppliers to establish credibility with their customers and increase the confidence of these costumers on the quality of these services. The Brazilian Society of Non-Destructive Testing and Inspection, ABENDI, a non-profitable, private technical-scientific entity, recognized nationally and internationally, has observed the necessity of starting a process for certification of thermographers in Brazil. With support of a work group composed by experts from oil and energy industries, transportation, universities and manufactures, the activities started in 2005. This paper describes the economic background required for installation of the certification process, its initial steps, the main characteristics of the Brazilian certification and the expectation for initiating the certification process.

  19. Waste certification: Who really is on first?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1989-11-01

    Waste certification is the process of stating whether or not a given waste package meets the acceptance criteria of whatever facility is receiving the package. Establishing a program for certification of low-level waste requires coordination of a variety of requirements and limitations, including regulations, physical characteristics of the waste and of the type of radiation emitted by radionuclides in the waste, uncertainty in measurements, quality assurance, and personnel exposures. The goal of such a program must be to provide an acceptable degree of assurance that the waste generating facility will be able to convince the waste receiving facility that individual waste packages do meet the applicable waste acceptance criteria. The preceding paragraph raises many questions: what is an acceptable degree of assurance? What does one have to do to convince a receiving facility? How can the measurement uncertainty be taken into account? This paper attempts to address several of those questions in the context of the development being done in the solid low-level waste (SLLW) certification program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). First, a brief history of the SLLW certification program at ORNL is presented. The remaining discussions are devoted to considering the problems and pitfalls of implementing a waste certification program, concentrating on such areas as the responsibilities of various organizations and individuals, waste characterization techniques, handling levels of uncertainty, and development of waste acceptance criteria.

  20. Universally composable anonymous Hash certification model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Fan; MA JianFeng; SangJae MOON

    2007-01-01

    Ideal function is the fundamental component in the universally composable security model. However, the certification ideal function defined in the universally composable security model realizes the identity authentication by binding identity to messages and the signature, which fails to characterize the special security requirements of anonymous authentication with other kind of certificate. Therefore,inspired by the work of Marten, an anonymous hash certification ideal function and a more universal certificate CA model are proposed in this paper. We define the security requirements and security notions for this model in the framework of universal composable security and prove in the plain model (not in the random-oracle model) that these security notions can be achieved using combinations of a secure digital signature scheme, a symmetrical encryption mechanism, a family of pseudorandom functions, and a family of one-way collision-free hash functions. Considering the limitation of wireless environment and computation ability of wireless devices, this anonymous Hash certification ideal function is realized by using symmetry primitives.

  1. Council on Certification Professional Practice Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaglaniczny, K L

    1993-06-01

    The CCNA has completed a PPA and will begin implementing its recommendations with the December 1993 certification examination. The results of the PPA provide content validation for the CCNA certification examination. The certification examination is reflective of the knowledge and skill required for entry-level practice. Assessment of this knowledge is accomplished through the use of questions that are based on the areas represented in the content outline. Analysis of the PPA has resulted in changes in the examination content outline and percentages of questions in each area to reflect current entry-level nurse anesthesia practice. The new outline is based on the major domains of knowledge required for nurse anesthesia practice. These changes are justified by the consistency in the responses of the practitioners surveyed. There was overall agreement as to the knowledge and skills related to patient conditions, procedures, agents, techniques, and equipment that an entry-level CRNA must have to practice. Members of the CCNA and Examination Committee will use the revised outline to develop questions for the certification examination. The questions will be focused on the areas identified as requiring high levels of expertise and those that appeared higher in frequency. The PPA survey will be used as a basis for subsequent content validation studies. It will be revised to reflect new knowledge, technology, and techniques related to nurse anesthesia practice. The CCNA has demonstrated its commitment to the certification process through completion of the PPA and implementation of changes in the structure of the examination.

  2. 76 FR 63183 - Pilot in Command Proficiency Check and Other Changes to the Pilot and Pilot School Certification...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ..., 2011 (76 FR 54095). In that rule, the FAA amended its regulations to revise the pilot, flight..., 2011 (76 FR 54095), the FAA published a final rule that amended the pilot, flight instructor, and pilot... Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) published on August 31, 2009 (74 FR 44779), the FAA proposed...

  3. Pricing of opportunity cost of free CO{sub 2} emission certificates in electricity rates. An evaluation of boundary conditions set by emission trading, balance law and cartel law; Zur Einpreisung von Opportunitaetskosten unentgeltlich zugeteilter CO{sub 2}-Emissionszertifikate in die Strompreise. Eine Bewertung emissionshandels-, bilanz- und kartellrechtlicher Vorgaben

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Breuer, Daniel

    2012-07-01

    The publication considers the problem within the European and German legal boundary conditions. There may be a conflict of targets between teh economic cost theory and the standards of energy law or cartel law. To solve a potential conflict between economic rationality and legal regulations, the balancing of free emission certificates is looked into as it may provide information on the rationality and legal acceptability of pricing at the full stock exchange price. (orig./RHM)

  4. Suggestions for the"Integration in Multiple Certificates"Curriculum System Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵平

    2014-01-01

    Business English professional"Integration in Multiple Certificates"refers to these two kinds of certificates-a diploma and vocational certificates. Business English curriculum design unified vocational qualification certificate with professional training objectives. Basis on the meeting of requirements of certificates for graduation, making professional training contents, curriculum, teaching methods together with vocational training and the requirements of professional qualification certificates.

  5. 15 CFR 50.50 - Request for certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for certification. (a) Upon request, the Census Bureau certifies certain statistical materials (such... certification. It consists of a signed statement by a Census Bureau official that the document is authentic and...

  6. 75 FR 48329 - Tribal Drinking Water Operator Certification Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-10

    ... AGENCY Tribal Drinking Water Operator Certification Program AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA... Water Operator Certification Program, effective October 1, 2010. The program enables qualified drinking..., operators learn how to supply drinking water that meets national standards and gain understanding of...

  7. 7 CFR 205.405 - Denial of certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Certification § 205.405 Denial of certification. (a) When the...

  8. 7 CFR 205.406 - Continuation of certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Certification § 205.406 Continuation of certification. (a) To...

  9. 7 CFR 205.401 - Application for certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Certification § 205.401 Application for certification. A person...

  10. 46 CFR 107.409 - Safety Construction Certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificates Under International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974...)(ii), Chapter I of the International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1974. (c) A...

  11. 19 CFR 10.586 - Certification not required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...-United States Free Trade Agreement Import Requirements § 10.586 Certification not required. (a) General... copy of the certification will result in denial of the claim for preferential tariff treatment....

  12. 21 CFR 1314.40 - Self-certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... CHEMICAL PRODUCTS Sales by Regulated Sellers § 1314.40 Self-certification. (a) A regulated seller must.... The expiration date of the self-certification for all regulated sellers in any group will be the...

  13. Compositional Safety Analysis using Barrier Certificates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Christoffer; Pappas, George J.; Wisniewski, Rafael

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a compositional method for verifying the safety of a dynamical system, given as an interconnection of subsystems. The safety verification is conducted by the use of the barrier certificate method; hence, the contribution of this paper is to show how to obtain compositional...... conditions for safety verification. We show how to formulate the verification problem, as a composition of coupled subproblems, each given for one subsystem. Furthermore, we show how to find the compositional barrier certificates via linear and sum of squares programming problems. The proposed method makes...... it possible to verify the safety of higher dimensional systems, than the method for centrally computed barrier certificates. This is demonstrated by verifying the safety of an emergency shutdown of a wind turbine....

  14. Distributed certification application via a trusted dealer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘端阳; 潘雪增; 平玲娣

    2003-01-01

    Distributed certification via threshold cryptography is much more secure than other ways to protect certification authority (CA) 's private key, and can tolerate some intrusions. As the original system such as ITTC, etc., is unsafe, inefficient and impracitcal in actual network environment, this paper brings up a new distributed certification scheme, which although it generates key shares concentratively, it updates key shares distributedly, and so, avoids single-point failure like ITTC. It not only enhances robustness with Feldman verification and SSL protocol, but can also change the threshold (t,k) flexibly and robustly, and so, is much more practical. In this work, the authors implement the prototype system of the new scheme and test and analyze its performance.

  15. Distributed certification application via a trusted dealer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘端阳; 潘雪增; 平玲娣

    2003-01-01

    Distributed certification via threshold cryptography is much more secure than other ways to protect certification authority (CA) 's private key, and can tolerate some intrusions. As the original system such as ITTC, etc. , is unsafe, inefficient and impracitcal in actual network environment, this paper brings up a new distributed certification scheme, which although it generates key shares concentratively, it updates key shares distributedly, and so, avoids single-point failure like ITYC. It not only enhances robustness with Feldman verification and SSL protocol, but can also change the threshold ( t, k ) flexibly and robustly, and so, is muc hmore practical. In this work, the authors implement the prototype system of the new scheme and test and analyze its performance.

  16. ECOLOGICAL CERTIFICATION AND LABELLING OF TOURIST SERVICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela Stefanica

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This work presents an analysis of ecological certification and labelling in the field of tourism. In a tourist company, the certification schemes evaluate the general approach of environmental problems, and impose to the tourist services the observance of pre-established principles and guiding lines concerning the environment. They become for the tourist companies a behavioural standard in the development of their activity. The requirements within such schemes are often flexible and open to interpretation, and generally less controversial than the eco-labelling schemes. As compared to the certification schemes, the eco-labels attributed to the tourist services emphasise the impact over the environment of the services of tourist companies, on the basis of certain European criteria. These criteria refer to the whole life cycle of these tourist services.

  17. Sustainability, certification, and regulation of biochar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank G. A. Verheijen

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Biochar has a relatively long half-life in soil and can fundamentally alter soil properties, processes, and ecosystem services. The prospect of global-scale biochar application to soils highlights the importance of a sophisticated and rigorous certification procedure. The objective of this work was to discuss the concept of integrating biochar properties with environmental and socioeconomic factors, in a sustainable biochar certification procedure that optimizes complementarity and compatibility between these factors over relevant time periods. Biochar effects and behavior should also be modelled at temporal scales similar to its expected functional lifetime in soils. Finally, when existing soil data are insufficient, soil sampling and analysis procedures need to be described as part of a biochar certification procedure.

  18. Contents of nucleic and amino acids and rate of protein synthesis in developing flight muscles of Locusta migratoria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marrewijk, W.J.A. van; Schrikker, A.E.M.; Beenakkers, A.M.Th.

    1980-01-01

    1. 1. Changes in the contents of DNA, RNA, free amino acids (FAA) and protein as well as in the rate of protein synthesis in vivo were measured in the developing flight muscles of Locustamigratoria. 2. 2. The DNA concentration rises temporarily at the end of the last larval instar, possibly in rela

  19. A Certification Framework for Cloud Security Properties: The Monitoring Path

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we describe the structure and functionality of a certification integrated framework aimed to support the certification of security properties of a Cloud infrastructure (IaaS), a platform (PaaS), or the software layer (SaaS). Such framework will bring service users, service providers and cloud suppliers to work together with certification authorities in order to ensure security properties and certificates validity in the continuously evolving cloud environment. For this purpose, ...

  20. Relevant factors in Spanish buildings energy certification process

    OpenAIRE

    Palme, Massimo; Isalgue Buxeda, Antonio; Coch Roura, Helena; Serra Florensa, Rafael

    2010-01-01

    European directive EPBD (2003) and Kyoto protocol (1997) obligated the signer countries to implement an energy certification process of buildings in their laws. In Spain, the government established (RD 47/2007) two certification options: a simplified certification (that does not permit to obtain the best certification results) or a simulation process based on the Lider and Calener tools (DOE-II based simulators adapted to Spanish norms). In this work we report the results of a large number of...

  1. Introduction of China's Compulsory Product Certification System (Ⅰ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Why does China establish a new Compulso-ry Product Certification System? For a long time, our compulsory product certification system has had problems such as lack of a unified management department, repeated assessments,repeated charging and no separation between certification activities and behaviors of law enforcement.The most obvious problem is that two certification management systems exist respectively for domestic products and imported products.

  2. Zend PHP 5 certification study guide

    CERN Document Server

    Shafik, Davey

    2007-01-01

    Zend's new PHP 5 Certification Exam represent an excellent tool for professional PHP developers who want to distinguish themselves in their field. php|architect's Zend PHP 5 Certification Study Guide, edited and produced by the publishers of php|architect magazine, provides the most comprehensive and thorough preparation tool for developers who wish to take the exam. This book provides complete coverage of every topic that is part of the exam, including: PHP Basics, Functions, Arrays, Strings and Patterns, Web Programming, Object Oriented Programming, Database Programming, Object-oriented Design, XML and Web Services, Security, Streams and Network Programming, Differences Between PHP 4 and 5.

  3. Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holt, Edward; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2006-06-01

    Renewable energy certificates (RECs) are tradable instruments that convey the attributes of a renewable energy generator and the right to make certain claims about energy purchases. RECs first appeared in US markets in the late 1990s and are particularly important in states that accept or require them as evidence of compliance with renewables portfolio standards (RPS). The emergence of RECs as a tradable commodity has made utilities, generators, and regulators increasingly aware of the need to specify who owns the RECs in energy transactions. In voluntary transactions, most agree that the question of REC ownership can and should be negotiated privately between the buyer and the seller, and should be clearly established by contract. Claims about purchasing or using renewable energy should only be made if REC ownership can be documented. In many other cases, however, renewable energy transactions are either mandated or encouraged through state or federal policy. Because of the recent appearance of RECs, legislation and regulation mandating the purchase of renewable energy has sometimes been silent on the disposition of the RECs associated with that generation. Furthermore, some renewable energy contracts pre-date the existence of RECs, and therefore do not address REC ownership. In both of these instances, the issue of REC ownership must often be answered by legislative or regulatory authorities. The resulting uncertainty in REC ownership has hindered the development of robust REC markets and has, in some cases, led to contention between buyers and sellers of renewable generation. This article, which is based on a longer Berkeley Lab report, reviews federal and state efforts to clarify the ownership of RECs from Qualifying Facilities (QFs) that sell their generation under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) of 1978. The full report also addresses state efforts to clarify REC ownership in two other situations, customer-owned generation that benefits

  4. 29 CFR 570.12 - Revoked certificates of age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Revoked certificates of age. 570.12 Section 570.12 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR REGULATIONS, ORDERS AND STATEMENTS OF INTERPRETATION Certificates of Age § 570.12 Revoked certificates of age...

  5. 9 CFR 590.402 - Egg products inspection certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Egg products inspection certificates... AGRICULTURE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION INSPECTION OF EGGS AND EGG PRODUCTS (EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT) Certificates § 590.402 Egg products inspection certificates. (a) Upon request of the applicant or the...

  6. 42 CFR 8.11 - Opioid treatment program certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Opioid treatment program certification. 8.11... PROVISIONS CERTIFICATION OF OPIOID TREATMENT PROGRAMS Certification and Treatment Standards § 8.11 Opioid... Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 823(g)(1)) to dispense opioid drugs in the treatment of opioid addiction. An OTP...

  7. 47 CFR 2.1043 - Changes in certificated equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... certificated or formerly type accepted AM broadcast stereophonic exciter-generator with a certificated or... interconnection of a multiplexing exciter with a certificated or formerly type accepted AM broadcast transmitter... generators to a type accepted FM broadcast transmitter, provided the transmitter exciter is designed...

  8. 22 CFR 61.4 - Certification procedures-Exports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification procedures-Exports. 61.4 Section... AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS § 61.4 Certification procedures—Exports. (a) Applicants seeking certification of... accompany each export shipment of the certified material....

  9. 29 CFR 102.115 - Certification of papers and documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification of papers and documents. 102.115 Section 102... Certification and Signature of Documents § 102.115 Certification of papers and documents. The executive... Board in his place and stead shall certify copies of all papers and documents which are a part of any...

  10. PMAA`s Silver/Gold National Certification Program - update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boltz, R. [Vincent R. Boltz, Inc., Lebanon, PA (United States)

    1996-07-01

    The Petroleum Marketers Association of America`s (PMAA) Silver/Gold National Certification Program is discussed. The oil heat technician certification is a process whose time has come. The information age has put us in an era of improved technology as well as improved equipment. The advantages of the oil heat certification program for oil heat dealers, technicians, and customers are listed.

  11. 40 CFR 194.15 - certification application(s).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-07-01

    ... ISOLATION PILOT PLANT'S COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re-certification Applications Sec. 194.15 Content of compliance re-certification application(s... Sec. 194.15 Content of compliance re PROTECTION OF ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY...

  12. 46 CFR 308.550 - Certificate, Form MA-320.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certificate, Form MA-320. 308.550 Section 308.550... Risk Cargo Insurance Iv-General § 308.550 Certificate, Form MA-320. Wherever any provision of this... execute a certificate on Form MA-320-A for an individual, on Form MA-320-B for a partnership, or on...

  13. 7 CFR 925.55 - Inspection and certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inspection and certification. 925.55 Section 925.55 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... OF SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Inspection and Certification § 925.55 Inspection and certification. (a...

  14. 7 CFR 28.55 - Issuance of memoranda and certificates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Issuance of memoranda and certificates. 28.55 Section 28.55 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE... Standards Act Certificates and Memoranda § 28.55 Issuance of memoranda and certificates. As soon as...

  15. 77 FR 53865 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-04

    ... International Trade Administration Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of issuance of an Export Trade Certificate of Review to Colombia Poultry Export Quota, Inc. (``COLOM-PEQ)'') (Application 12-00004). SUMMARY: On August 14, 2012, the U.S. Department of Commerce issued an Export Trade Certificate...

  16. 75 FR 65449 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-25

    ... International Trade Administration Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of issuance of an amended export trade certificate of review to Florida Citrus Exports L.C. (``FCE'') (Application 94-4A007). SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Commerce issued an amended Export Trade Certificate of Review to Florida...

  17. 77 FR 2036 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-13

    ... International Trade Administration Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of issuance of an Export...). SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Commerce issued an amended Export Trade Certificate of Review to Aerospace... Register on December 7, 2010 (75 FR 75963). The original Export Trade Certificate of Review No. 92-0001 was...

  18. 78 FR 59004 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... International Trade Administration Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of Application for an Export Trade Certificate of Review to Emporia Trading LLC, Application No. 13-00001. SUMMARY: The Export... Administration, Department of Commerce, has received an application for an Export Trade Certificate of Review...

  19. 75 FR 8040 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... International Trade Administration Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of Application for an Export Trade Certificate of Review from Alaska Longline Cod Commission (``ALCC'') SUMMARY: The Export... Administration, Department of Commerce, has received an application for an Export Trade Certificate of Review...

  20. 75 FR 55739 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ... International Trade Administration Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of Application ( 92-9A001) to amend an export trade certificate of review previously issued to Aerospace Industries Association... Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, has received an application to amend an Export Trade Certificate of...

  1. 42 CFR 403.245 - Loss of certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Loss of certification. 403.245 Section 403.245...: General Provisions § 403.245 Loss of certification. (a) A policy loses certification if— (1) The insuring... policy fails to meet the requirements specified in § 403.232(a); or (ii) The insuring organization...

  2. 42 CFR 403.235 - Review and certification of policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Review and certification of policies. 403.235 Section 403.235 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... Certification Program: General Provisions § 403.235 Review and certification of policies. (a) CMS will...

  3. Wisconsin Certification Manual for Public Librarians. Bulletin No. 7075.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison. Div. of Library Services.

    Designed to be used as a guide for public librarians and boards of trustees in meeting the requirements of Wisconsin's public librarian certification law, this manual is divided into two major sections covering public librarian certification and certification renewal/continuing education requirements. The first section includes discussions of…

  4. Certificate Suspension and Revocation. School Management Advisor, Issue 28.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

    This document describes the legal requirements for certificate suspension and revocation of North Carolina public-school teachers. Associated with its ability to administer teacher certification in the state, the State Board of Education also has the authority to suspend or revoke certificates. A question-and-answer section addresses issues of…

  5. 49 CFR 240.307 - Revocation of certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Revocation of certification. 240.307 Section 240... Administration of the Certification Programs § 240.307 Revocation of certification. (a) Except as provided for in... engineer. (b) Pending a revocation determination under this section, the railroad shall: (1) Upon...

  6. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 138 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 138 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE MISCELLANEOUS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 138, App. A Appendix A to Part 138—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts,...

  7. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 93 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... ON LOBBYING Pt. 93, App. A Appendix A to Part 93—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for... Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3)...

  8. 34 CFR Appendix A to Part 82 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 82 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 82, App. A Appendix A to Part 82—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts,...

  9. 15 CFR Appendix A to Part 28 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 28, App. A Appendix A to Part 28—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts...-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The...

  10. 12 CFR Appendix A to Part 411 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 411 Banks and Banking EXPORT-IMPORT BANK OF THE UNITED STATES NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 411, App. A Appendix A to Part 411—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for...

  11. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 712 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 712, App. A Appendix A to Part 712—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification... and submit Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with...

  12. 29 CFR Appendix A to Part 93 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 93 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 93, App. A Appendix A to Part 93—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements...

  13. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 227 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 227 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 227, App. A Appendix A to Part 227—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for...

  14. 20 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 438 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 438, App. A Appendix A to Part 438—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants,...

  15. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 1230 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... AND COMMUNITY SERVICE NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 1230, App. A Appendix A to Part 1230—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements...

  16. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 311 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 311 Foreign Relations PEACE CORPS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 311, App. A Appendix A to Part 311—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and...

  17. 14 CFR Appendix A to Part 1271 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix... ON LOBBYING Pt. 1271, App. A Appendix A to Part 1271—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification... and submit Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with...

  18. 24 CFR Appendix A to Part 87 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... Urban Development NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 87, App. A Appendix A to Part 87—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements The...

  19. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 1158 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 1158, App. A Appendix A to Part 1158—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans,...

  20. 43 CFR Appendix A to Part 18 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 18, App. A Appendix A to Part 18—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts...-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The...

  1. 31 CFR Appendix A to Part 21 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... ON LOBBYING Pt. 21, App. A Appendix A to Part 21—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for... Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3)...

  2. 22 CFR Appendix A to Part 519 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 519 Foreign Relations BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 519, App. A Appendix A to Part 519—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans,...

  3. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 28 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... AGREEMENT REGULATIONS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 28, App. A Appendix A to Part 28—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements The...

  4. 7 CFR Appendix A to Part 3018 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part... OFFICER, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 3018, App. A Appendix A to Part 3018—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants, Loans, and Cooperative Agreements...

  5. 10 CFR Appendix A to Part 601 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 601 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ASSISTANCE REGULATIONS NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 601, App. A Appendix A to Part 601—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts, Grants,...

  6. 6 CFR Appendix A to Part 9 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... LOBBYING Pt. 9, App. A Appendix A to Part 9—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts... Standard Form—LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3)...

  7. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 20 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to Part 20 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 20, App. A Appendix A to Part 20—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts,...

  8. 45 CFR Appendix A to Part 1168 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A Appendix A to... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Pt. 1168, App. A Appendix A to Part 1168—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts,...

  9. 13 CFR Appendix A to Part 146 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 146, App. A Appendix A to Part 146—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for... Standard Form-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3)...

  10. 28 CFR Appendix A to Part 69 - Certification Regarding Lobbying

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification Regarding Lobbying A... LOBBYING Pt. 69, App. A Appendix A to Part 69—Certification Regarding Lobbying Certification for Contracts...-LLL, “Disclosure Form to Report Lobbying,” in accordance with its instructions. (3) The...

  11. 76 FR 76896 - International Anti-Fouling System Certificate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-09

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 46 CFR Part 8 RIN 1625-AB79 International Anti-Fouling System Certificate AGENCY... regulations to add the International Anti-fouling System (IAFS) Certificate to the list of certificates a... Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships, 2001. This final rule will enable recognized...

  12. 78 FR 53727 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... International Trade Administration Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of Issuance of an Export Trade Certificate of Review to Northwest Fruit Exporters, Application No. 84-24A12. SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Commerce issued an amended Export Trade Certificate of Review to Northwest Fruit Exporters...

  13. Broad and narrow bracketing in gift certificate spending

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Felsö, F.Á.; Soetevent, A.R.

    2014-01-01

    We survey 1050 consumers who have just redeemed one or more open loop gift certificates to learn whether they view gift certificate income, cash gifts and non-gift income as substitutes. We find that the majority (83%) of recipients spend the certificates in the same way as cash. The other

  14. Broad and narrow bracketing in gift certificate spending

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Felso, Flora A.; Soetevent, Adriaan R.

    We survey 1050 consumers who have just redeemed one or more open loop gift certificates to learn whether they view gift certificate income, cash gifts and non-gift income as substitutes. We find that the majority (83%) of recipients spend the certificates in the same way as cash. The other

  15. 10 CFR 72.160 - Licensee and certificate holder inspection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Licensee and certificate holder inspection. 72.160 Section... WASTE Quality Assurance § 72.160 Licensee and certificate holder inspection. The licensee, applicant for a license, certificate holder, and applicant for a CoC shall establish and execute a program...

  16. 14 CFR 125.243 - Certificate holder's responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certificate holder's responsibilities. 125... Certificate holder's responsibilities. (a) With regard to airplanes, including airframes, aircraft engines, propellers, appliances, and survival and emergency equipment, operated by a certificate holder,...

  17. 19 CFR 10.234 - Certificate of Origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Origin must be prepared by the exporter in the CBTPA beneficiary country. Where the CBTPA beneficiary... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certificate of Origin. 10.234 Section 10.234... Certificate of Origin. A Certificate of Origin as specified in § 10.236 must be employed to certify that...

  18. 7 CFR 966.113 - Registered handler certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., grading, sizing and packing of tomatoes grown in the production area. (b) Application for certification... informed by written notice from the committee. If certification is denied, such denial shall be made by the committee in writing, stating the reasons for denial. (d) A registered handler's certification shall...

  19. 40 CFR 80.161 - Detergent additive certification program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... granted by the California Air Resources Board (CARB), pursuant to § 80.163(d), the minimum recommended concentration must equal or exceed the amount specified in the CARB certification. (2) In the case of any other... an existing certification granted by CARB, pursuant to § 80.163(d), a copy of the CARB certificate...

  20. 25 CFR 152.8 - Issuance of certificate of competency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Issuance of certificate of competency. 152.8 Section 152... FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Issuing Patents in Fee, Certificates of Competency Or Orders Removing Restrictions § 152.8 Issuance of...

  1. 46 CFR 15.701 - Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936. 15... SEAMEN MANNING REQUIREMENTS Limitations and Qualifying Factors § 15.701 Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936. (a) This section implements the Officers Competency Certificates Convention, 1936,...

  2. 25 CFR 152.7 - Application for certificate of competency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application for certificate of competency. 152.7 Section... IN FEE, CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY, REMOVAL OF RESTRICTIONS, AND SALE OF CERTAIN INDIAN LANDS Issuing Patents in Fee, Certificates of Competency Or Orders Removing Restrictions § 152.7 Application...

  3. 13 CFR 125.5 - Certificate of Competency Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certificate of Competency Program... CONTRACTING PROGRAMS § 125.5 Certificate of Competency Program. (a) General. (1) The Certificate of Competency... lacks any element of responsibility (including competency, capability, capacity, credit, integrity...

  4. 19 CFR 122.94 - Certificate of lading for exportation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certificate of lading for exportation. 122.94....94 Certificate of lading for exportation. (a) Required filing. This section applies to merchandise entered for transportation and exportation by aircraft. A certificate of lading for exportation and...

  5. 78 FR 36747 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-19

    ... International Trade Administration Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of Application to amend the Export Trade Certificate of Review Issued to Outdoor Power Equipment Institute, Inc., Application no. 89... Administration, Department of Commerce, has received an application to amend an Export Trade Certificate...

  6. 77 FR 72324 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-05

    ... International Trade Administration Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of Application to Amend the Export Trade Certificate of Review Issued to U.S. Shippers Association No. 85-17A18. SUMMARY: The Office... of Commerce, has received an application to amend an Export ] Trade Certificate of...

  7. 78 FR 62585 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... International Trade Administration Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of Application to amend the Export Trade Certificate of Review Issued to Outdoor Power Equipment Institute, Inc. (Application No. 89... Administration, Department of Commerce, has received an application to amend an Export Trade Certificate...

  8. 75 FR 35441 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-22

    ... International Trade Administration Export Trade Certificate of Review ACTION: Notice of Issuance ( 99-4A005) of an Amended Export Trade Certificate of Review to the California Almond Export Association, LLC. SUMMARY: The U.S. Department of Commerce issued an amended Export Trade Certificate of Review to...

  9. 40 CFR 97.213 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 97.213... Representative for CAIR SO2 Sources § 97.213 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate CAIR designated representative shall include...

  10. 40 CFR 72.24 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 72.24... (CONTINUED) PERMITS REGULATION Designated Representative § 72.24 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a designated representative or an alternate designated...

  11. 40 CFR 96.113 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 96.113... CAIR Designated Representative for CAIR NOX Sources § 96.113 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate CAIR designated...

  12. 40 CFR 96.313 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 96.313... CAIR Designated Representative for CAIR NOX Ozone Season Sources § 96.313 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate...

  13. 40 CFR 97.13 - Account certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Account certificate of representation... Authorized Account Representative for NOX Budget Sources § 97.13 Account certificate of representation. (a) A complete account certificate of representation for a NOX authorized account representative or an alternate...

  14. 40 CFR 96.13 - Account certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Account certificate of representation... representation. (a) A complete account certificate of representation for a NOX authorized account representative... unit at the source for which the account certificate of representation is submitted. (2) The name...

  15. 40 CFR 97.113 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 97.113... Representative for CAIR NOX Sources § 97.113 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate CAIR designated representative shall include...

  16. 40 CFR 96.213 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 96.213... CAIR Designated Representative for CAIR SO2 Sources § 96.213 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate CAIR designated...

  17. 40 CFR 97.313 - Certificate of representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certificate of representation. 97.313... Representative for CAIR NOX Ozone Season Sources § 97.313 Certificate of representation. (a) A complete certificate of representation for a CAIR designated representative or an alternate CAIR designated...

  18. 7 CFR 1421.110 - Commodity certificate exchanges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commodity certificate exchanges. 1421.110 Section... Loans § 1421.110 Commodity certificate exchanges. (a) For any outstanding marketing assistance loan for the 2008 and 2009 crop years, a producer may purchase a commodity certificate and exchange that...

  19. 7 CFR 1427.22 - Commodity certificate exchanges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commodity certificate exchanges. 1427.22 Section 1427... Deficiency Payments § 1427.22 Commodity certificate exchanges. (a) For any outstanding marketing assistance loan provided for upland cotton, a producer may purchase a commodity certificate and exchange that...

  20. 76 FR 81914 - Export Trade Certificate of Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... issue Export Trade Certificates of Review. An Export Trade Certificate of Review protects the holder and... determining whether or not to issue the Certificate. Comments should refer to this application as ``Export... BV (Netherlands))'' 7. ``Noble Logistics USA Inc., Portland, Oregon'' should be corrected to read...

  1. Certificate for Safe Emergency Shutdown of Wind Turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisniewski, Rafal; Svenstrup, Mikael; Pedersen, Andreas Søndergaard;

    2013-01-01

    to the turbine. To demarcate the boundary of the safety envelope, a protection certificate, is computed. To this end, a model- based framework of barrier certificates is used. As a result, the protection certificate problem is formulated as a sum-of- squares program with the optimisation criterion related...

  2. 12 CFR 710.8 - Certificate of dissolution and liquidation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certificate of dissolution and liquidation. 710... UNIONS VOLUNTARY LIQUIDATION § 710.8 Certificate of dissolution and liquidation. Within 120 days after the final distribution of assets to members is started, a duly executed Certificate of Dissolution and...

  3. 75 FR 56857 - Pilot, Flight Instructor, and Pilot School Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... Administration 14 CFR Part 141 RIN 2120-AI86 Pilot, Flight Instructor, and Pilot School Certification AGENCY... Register on August 21, 2009. That final rule revised the training, qualification, certification, and... Certification and Training Branch, AFS-810, General Aviation and Commercial Division, Flight Standards...

  4. 77 FR 44683 - Notice of Investigation Regarding Termination of Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-30

    ... Employment and Training Administration Notice of Investigation Regarding Termination of Certification TA-W-80... (Department) has initiated an investigation regarding the possible termination of certification regarding..., South Carolina (hereafter collectively referred to as the subject firm). The certification was issued...

  5. 14 CFR 61.431 - Are there special provisions for obtaining a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... meet the minimum total flight time requirements in the category and class of light-sport aircraft... a flight instructor certificate with a sport pilot rating for persons who are registered ultralight..., FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS Flight Instructors With a Sport Pilot Rating § 61.431 Are...

  6. 42 CFR 493.1775 - Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of waiver or a certificate for provider...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Inspection § 493.1775 Standard: Inspection of laboratories issued a certificate of waiver or a certificate for provider-performed microscopy procedures....

  7. 14 CFR 61.94 - Student pilot seeking a sport pilot certificate or a recreational pilot certificate: Operations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Student pilot seeking a sport pilot... Student pilot seeking a sport pilot certificate or a recreational pilot certificate: Operations at... operational control tower in other airspace. (a) A student pilot seeking a sport pilot certificate or...

  8. 20 CFR 656.26 - Board of Alien Labor Certification Appeals review of denials of labor certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Board of Alien Labor Certification Appeals review of denials of labor certification. 656.26 Section 656.26 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LABOR CERTIFICATION PROCESS FOR PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor...

  9. Monitoring Sustainability Certification of Bioenergy: Impacts of sustainability certification on bioenergy markets and trade

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goh, C.S.; Junginger, H.M.; et al,; Goovaerts, L.

    2013-01-01

    At present numerous biomass and biofuel sustainability certification schemes are being developed or implemented by a variety of private and public organisations. Schemes are applicable to different feedstock production sectors (forests, agricultural crops), different bioenergy products (wood

  10. Monitoring Sustainability Certification of Bioenergy: Impacts of sustainability certification on bioenergy markets and trade

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goh, C.S.; Junginger, H.M.; et al,; Goovaerts, L.

    2013-01-01

    At present numerous biomass and biofuel sustainability certification schemes are being developed or implemented by a variety of private and public organisations. Schemes are applicable to different feedstock production sectors (forests, agricultural crops), different bioenergy products (wood chips,

  11. 77 FR 60096 - Adding International Energy Efficiency (IEE) Certificate to List of Certificates a Recognized...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... International Anti-Fouling System Certificate. See, respectively, 74 FR 21554, May 8, 2009; and 76 FR 76896, Dec... Security Delegation No. 0170.1 and Aug. 8, 2011 Delegation of Authority, Anti-Fouling Systems. 2....

  12. 7 CFR 247.16 - Certification period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.16 Certification period. (a.... However, pregnant women may be certified to participate for the duration of their pregnancy and for up...

  13. 36 CFR 21.8 - Employee certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 21.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HOT SPRINGS NATIONAL PARK; BATHHOUSE REGULATIONS § 21.8 Employee certification. (a) Employees engaged as physical therapists must be licensed or certified by a State or territory of the United States to...

  14. 19 CFR 122.77 - Clearance certificate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Clearance certificate. 122.77 Section 122.77 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Documents Required for Clearance and Permission To Depart;...

  15. National Board Certification Identifies Strong Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Advanced certification through the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) is an effective way to identify highly skilled teachers, according to a congressionally mandated report from the National Research Council. Students taught by NBPTS-certified teachers make greater gains on achievement tests than students taught by…

  16. 24 CFR 91.225 - Certifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... certifies that it lacks CDBG funds to cover the assessment. (5) Excessive force. A certification that the... CONSOLIDATED SUBMISSIONS FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS Local Governments; Contents of... provided family violence prevention or treatment services under any project assisted under the ESG...

  17. Determination of Periodicity of Certification Electrical Personal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidorov, Aleksandr I.; Khanzhina, Olga A.

    2016-10-01

    The article presents the data on electrical injuries to staff caused by violation of labour protection rules. Proposed and justified system of certification of electrotechnical personnel, taking into account the education (higher, secondary professional, primary professional group for electrical, the result of the previous test knowledge of electrical safety, floors appraise. The results of the knowledge test using the developed system.

  18. Government Certification and Accreditation: Make a Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Tracy L.

    2009-01-01

    One of the most significant challenges faced by government officials today is securing information systems to make them more resilient to attack from increasingly complex challenges from cyber-criminals, state-sponsored groups, and other threats. Over the years, the federal government has developed and implemented Certification and Accreditation…

  19. 14 CFR 135.435 - Certificate requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certificate requirements. 135.435 Section 135.435 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED... REQUIREMENTS: COMMUTER AND ON DEMAND OPERATIONS AND RULES GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT...

  20. 14 CFR 121.378 - Certificate requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Certificate requirements. 121.378 Section 121.378 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED... REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Maintenance, Preventive Maintenance, and...