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Sample records for explain long-term clinical

  1. Terminating a long-term clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimt, C R

    1981-05-01

    Long-term clinical trials often include more than one active treatment group. These may be discontinued independently if found to be ineffective or possibly harmful. Certain subgroups of patients may be discovered, in the course of a clinical trial, who do not respond satisfactorily and are, therefore, excluded during the course of a trial. Yet another kind of termination comes when we have a therapeutic breakthrough or when hope has to be abandoned for demonstrating beneficial effects for one, several, or all treatments included in a trial. Examples from the authors' experience are presented, as are successful and unsuccessful techniques in managing terminations of various types.

  2. Pituitary diseases : long-term clinical consequences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klaauw, Agatha Apolonia van der

    2008-01-01

    This thesis describes various studies during the long-term follow-up of patients after treatment for pituitary diseases. The focus of this thesis is acromegaly, growth hormone deficiency, sleep and quality of life. Various aspects are described.

  3. Disability in long-term care residents explained by prevalent geriatric syndromes, not long-term care home characteristics: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lane, Natasha E; Wodchis, Walter P; Boyd, Cynthia M; Stukel, Thérèse A

    2017-02-10

    Self-care disability is dependence on others to conduct activities of daily living, such as bathing, eating and dressing. Among long-term care residents, self-care disability lowers quality of life and increases health care costs. Understanding the correlates of self-care disability in this population is critical to guide clinical care and ongoing research in Geriatrics. This study examines which resident geriatric syndromes and chronic conditions are associated with residents' self-care disability and whether these relationships vary across strata of age, sex and cognitive status. It also describes the proportion of variance in residents' self-care disability that is explained by residents' geriatric syndromes versus long-term care home characteristics. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a health administrative cohort of 77,165 long-term care home residents residing in 614 Ontario long-term care homes. Eligible residents had their self-care disability assessed using the RAI-MDS 2.0 activities of daily living long-form score (range: 0-28) within 90 days of April 1st, 2011. Hierarchical multivariable regression models with random effects for long-term care homes were used to estimate the association between self-care disability and resident geriatric syndromes, chronic conditions and long-term care home characteristics. Differences in findings across strata of sex, age and cognitive status (cognitively intact versus cognitively impaired) were examined. Geriatric syndromes were much more strongly associated with self-care disability than chronic conditions in multivariable models. The direction and size of some of these effects were different for cognitively impaired versus cognitively intact residents. Residents' geriatric syndromes explained 50% of the variation in their self-care disability scores, while characteristics of long-term care homes explained an additional 2% of variation. Differences in long-term care residents' self-care disability are

  4. Long-term potentiation and long-term depression: a clinical perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy V.P. Bliss

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Long-term potentiation and long-term depression are enduring changes in synaptic strength, induced by specific patterns of synaptic activity, that have received much attention as cellular models of information storage in the central nervous system. Work in a number of brain regions, from the spinal cord to the cerebral cortex, and in many animal species, ranging from invertebrates to humans, has demonstrated a reliable capacity for chemical synapses to undergo lasting changes in efficacy in response to a variety of induction protocols. In addition to their physiological relevance, long-term potentiation and depression may have important clinical applications. A growing insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying these processes, and technological advances in non-invasive manipulation of brain activity, now puts us at the threshold of harnessing long-term potentiation and depression and other forms of synaptic, cellular and circuit plasticity to manipulate synaptic strength in the human nervous system. Drugs may be used to erase or treat pathological synaptic states and non-invasive stimulation devices may be used to artificially induce synaptic plasticity to ameliorate conditions arising from disrupted synaptic drive. These approaches hold promise for the treatment of a variety of neurological conditions, including neuropathic pain, epilepsy, depression, amblyopia, tinnitus and stroke.

  5. The attribution of work environment in explaining gender differences in long-term sickness absence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Labriola, Merete; Holte, Kari Anne; Christensen, Karl Bang

    2011-01-01

    40.2 years) was interviewed in 2000 regarding gender, age, family status, socio-economic position and psychosocial and physical work environment factors. The participants were followed for 18 months in order to assess their incidence of long-term sickness absence exceeding 8 consecutive weeks...... in psychosocial work environment exposures explained 32% of the differences in risk of long-term sickness absence between men and women, causing the effect of gender to become statistically insignificant. The combined effect of physical and psychosocial factors was similar, explaining 30% of the gender difference....... Conclusion Differences in psychosocial work environments in terms of emotional demands, reward at work, management quality and role conflicts, explained roughly 30% of women's excess long-term sickness absence risk. Assuming women and men had identical working conditions would leave the larger part...

  6. Archiving the phenome: clinical records deserve long-term preservation.

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    Corn, Milton

    2009-01-01

    Retention policies for clinical records are set primarily by the states, although the federal government mandates minimum maintenance periods for certain classes of patients and selected types of information. State policies vary considerably, but most jurisdictions permit many types of data to be destroyed after some period usually shorter than 10 years. Many health care organizations hold records longer than mandated, but over time much clinical data are discarded or become difficult to access. For improved care of patients and for support of research, the nation should recognize that clinical information, both paper and electronic, constitutes a valuable asset, the national phenome, that deserves long-term storage in archives that preserve both the records and access to the information. The technical and social problems of establishing archiving are formidable but offer an opportunity to exploit the potential of clinical information for public good.

  7. Long-term clinical performance of esthetic primary molar crowns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ram, Diana; Fuks, Anna B; Eidelman, Eliecer

    2003-01-01

    The aim of the study was to report the long-term clinical performance of esthetic primary molar crowns and compare them to that of stainless steel crowns (SSC). Twenty crowns (10 conventional and 10 esthetic) placed in 10 children who had participated in a previously reported study, were assessed again after 4 years. The crowns were evaluated clinically and radiographically according to the following parameters: gingival health, marginal extension, crown adequacy, proper occlusion, proximal contact, chipping of the facing (for esthetic crowns only), and cement removal. At the 4 year evaluation, all the esthetic crowns showed chipping of the facing. No difference was found for marginal extension, occlusion, crown adequacy and periodontal health between SSCs and the esthetic crowns. After 4 years, all the esthetic crowns presented chipping of the facing and, consequently, a very poor esthetic appearance.

  8. Factors explaining return to work for long-term sick workers in Norway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landstad, Bodil J; Wendelborg, Christian; Hedlund, Marianne

    2009-01-01

    This study investigates factors that will affect the chances of long-term sick workers returning to work. The study is based on a representative sample of persons with mental illnesses and musculoskeletal disorders who received a rehabilitation allowance in Norway in 2002. Their occupational status in 2005 and experiences from the rehabilitation process were charted through their responses to a questionnaire in combination with national register data. Our analytical framework is based on three domains: the medical domain, the domain of authoritative bodies and the production domain (working life), as described by Lindqvist (Att sätta gränser: organisationer och reformer i arbetsrehabiliteringen. Umeå: Boréa; 2000). Our main findings are that earlier work experience, age and other members in household, in addition, to influence over one's own rehabilitation process explains whether workers on long-term sick leave return to work. Furthermore, individual factors such as gender and diagnosis (i.e. musculoskeletal disorder and mental illness) do not explain the probability to return to work. Experience and contact with representatives of the medical, the authoritative bodies and the production domain only explain to a small extent the probability to return to work. It is even interesting to note that regular contact with the social insurance office (SIO) has a negative effect on the probability to return to work. This may indicate that contact with the SIO subjects sick workers to a risk of developing a 'social insurance career' to secure their income. The findings show that the medical, the authoritative bodies and the production domain might represent different logics that can pull a sick worker in different directions during the rehabilitation process. However, these different logics do not fully explain, which outcome a rehabilitation process takes. It is important to extend the analysis to include how the individuals respond to these logics during the

  9. [Long-term clinical effects of antidepressive agents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sechter, D

    1995-03-01

    According to long term studies with antidepressants versus placebo, the therapeutic efficacy is prolonged: a long term treatment in full dosage seems to reduce from almost half the risk of relapse and recurrence till five years, during recurrent major affective disorders. We should therefore be cautious and we should not have a systematic prescription for all types of depressions; antidepressants are efficacious but have side effects and we do not know well their abilities in long term use. During bipolar disorders the prescription of long term antidepressants, even in association with normothymics, does not give benefits and can induce rapid cycles. In dysthymias and depressions with personality disorders, a psychotherapy is indicated, and it is difficult to evaluate the efficacy of a long term antidepressant treatment. Tricyclics antidepressants, MAOI's and SSRI's have classical side effects, and they can also induce: modifications of the symptomatology, of cognitive functions, of sleep, eating and sexual behaviours; modifications of the course of depressive illness, induction of manic switches, and may be sometimes an exacerbation of suicidal ideation ... pharmacogenetic modifications with their action on hepatic metabolism, neuroendocrine alterations and long term effects on monoamines. We have also to take into account the long term treatment consequences on quality of life, on self esteem with the importance of psychodynamic and relationships modifications. The use of a long term antidepressant treatment should be adapted to each individual, being cautious of its potential benefits and risks.

  10. Long-term clinical efficacy of grass-pollen immunotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durham, S R; Walker, S M; Varga, E M; Jacobson, M R; O'Brien, F; Noble, W; Till, S J; Hamid, Q A; Nouri-Aria, K T

    1999-08-12

    Pollen immunotherapy is effective in selected patients with IgE-mediated seasonal allergic rhinitis, although it is questionable whether there is long-term benefit after the discontinuation of treatment. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the discontinuation of immunotherapy for grass-pollen allergy in patients in whom three to four years of this treatment had previously been shown to be effective. During the three years of this trial, primary outcome measures were scores for seasonal symptoms and the use of rescue medication. Objective measures included the immediate conjunctival response and the immediate and late skin responses to allergen challenge. Cutaneous-biopsy specimens obtained 24 hours after intradermal allergen challenge were examined for T-cell infiltration and the presence of cytokine-producing T helper cells (TH2 cells) (as evidenced by the presence of interleukin-4 messenger RNA). A matched group of patients with hay fever who had not received immunotherapy was followed as a control for the natural course of the disease. Scores for seasonal symptoms and the use of rescue antiallergic medication, which included short courses of prednisolone, remained low after the discontinuation of immunotherapy, and there was no significant difference between patients who continued immunotherapy and those who discontinued it. Symptom scores in both treatment groups (median areas under the curve in 1995, 921 for continuation of immunotherapy and 504 for discontinuation of immunotherapy; P=0.60) were markedly lower than those in the group that had not received immunotherapy (median value in 1995, 2863). Although there was a tendency for immediate sensitivity to allergen to return late after discontinuation, there was a sustained reduction in the late skin response and associated CD3+ T-cell infiltration and interleukin-4 messenger RNA expression. Immunotherapy for grass-pollen allergy for three to four years induces prolonged

  11. The excess long-term mortality in peptic ulcer bleeding is explained by nonspecific comorbidity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Stig Borbjerg; Hansen, Jane Møller; Hallas, Jesper

    2015-01-01

    with a matched control cohort from the source population. Predictors of mortality were identified using proportional hazards models. Causes of death were retrieved from death certificates. Long-term mortality was analyzed with adjustment for Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) and average income in residence...... municipality using proportional hazards models. Results. We included 455 PUB cases and 2224 control subjects. Median follow up was 9.7 years, and median survival for the PUB and control cohorts was 7 and 12 years, respectively (p mean CCI: 0.92 vs. 0...

  12. Long-term climate and competition explain regional forest mortality patterns under extreme drought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, D. J.; Latimer, A.; Stevens, J. T.; Earles, J. M.; Ellis, A.; Jirka, A.; Moore, J.

    2016-12-01

    Rising temperatures are amplifying drought-induced stress and mortality in forests globally. It remains uncertain, however, how tree mortality in drought-affected regions will be distributed across environments. In particular, during a regional drought, will areas that are already generally dry experience the most mortality? For any given level of aridity, will more mortality be associated with more intense competition? To answer these questions, we investigated the effects of average aridity (i.e., 35-year mean annual climatic water deficit) and competition (i.e., tree basal area) on tree mortality patterns using regional-scale aerial mortality surveys conducted by the U.S. Forest Service throughout the forests of California during a four-year statewide extreme drought from 2012 to 2015. We used statistical models to relate these mortality data to regional-scale climate layers we developed to represent long-term and annual climatic conditions and coarse-scale plant water balance, and to independent gridded estimates of tree basal area. We found that tree mortality increased by an order of magnitude during this period, spiking dramatically during 2015, the fourth year of drought. Tree mortality rates were associated with both long-term average climatic water deficit and tree basal area, as well as with the interaction of these factors, so that the highest mortality tended to occur in forests with high CWD and basal area. By identifying areas that are high in tree basal area relative to their level of CWD, these results can assist forest managers and policy-makers in identifying the most drought-vulnerable forests across broad geographic areas.

  13. Long-term climate and competition explain forest mortality patterns under extreme drought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Derek J N; Stevens, Jens T; Earles, J Mason; Moore, Jeffrey; Ellis, Adam; Jirka, Amy L; Latimer, Andrew M

    2017-01-01

    Rising temperatures are amplifying drought-induced stress and mortality in forests globally. It remains uncertain, however, whether tree mortality across drought-stricken landscapes will be concentrated in particular climatic and competitive environments. We investigated the effects of long-term average climate [i.e. 35-year mean annual climatic water deficit (CWD)] and competition (i.e. tree basal area) on tree mortality patterns, using extensive aerial mortality surveys conducted throughout the forests of California during a 4-year statewide extreme drought lasting from 2012 to 2015. During this period, tree mortality increased by an order of magnitude, typically from tens to hundreds of dead trees per km2 , rising dramatically during the fourth year of drought. Mortality rates increased independently with average CWD and with basal area, and they increased disproportionately in areas that were both dry and dense. These results can assist forest managers and policy-makers in identifying the most drought-vulnerable forests across broad geographic areas. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS.

  14. Explaining the Long-Term Trend in Violent Crime: A Heuristic Scheme and Some Methodological Considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmut Thome

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available There has been a discontinuous but fairly persistent long-term decline in homicide rates in core European countries since about 1500. Since the 1950s, however, we observe an upward trend in violent crime not only in Europe but in almost all of the economically advanced nations that combine democratic political structures with free-market economies. The paper presents an explanatory scheme designed to account for both, the long decline and its apparent reversal. The theoretical model draws heavily upon ideas taken from the sociological work of Emile Durkheim and Norbert Elias – with some modifications and extensions. It seeks to integrate sociological and historical perspectives and to give due weight to both, structural and developmental forces. A key hypothesis is that the pacifying effects of the erosion of traditional collectivism can only be maintained to the extent by which “cooperative individualism” dominates over against the forces of “disintegrative individualism.” Some suggestions are made concerning the selection of appropriate indicators and the handling of methodological problems related to causal attribution.

  15. Preparing tomorrow's nursing home nurses: the wisconsin long term care clinical scholars program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolet, Kim; Roberts, Tonya; Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Andrea; Roiland, Rachel; Gullickson, Colleen; Ryther, Brenda; Bowers, Barbara J

    2015-01-01

    Preparing future nurses to care for the growing population of older adults has become a national priority. The demand for long term care services is expected to double between 2000 and 2040, yet the field remains stigmatized as an undesirable place for highly skilled nurses to work. Recent efforts to increase student preparation in geriatrics have been shown to improve student attitudes toward working with older adults and increase knowledge, but long term care settings remain unattractive to students. This article reports on the development, implementation, and evaluation of The Wisconsin Long Term Care Clinical Scholars Program, a nursing home internship for baccalaureate nursing students. The program couples a paid nursing home work experience with an evidence-based long term care nursing curriculum. The program increased student preparation and interest in working both with older adults and in nursing homes, while increasing the capacity of nursing homes to provide a positive student experience.

  16. Preparing Tomorrow’s Nursing Home Nurses: The Wisconsin-Long Term Care Clinical Scholars Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolet, Kim; Roberts, Tonya; Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Andrea; Roiland, Rachel; Gullickson, Colleen; Ryther, Brenda; Bowers, Barbara J.

    2014-01-01

    Preparing future nurses to care for the growing population of older adults has become a national priority. The demand for long term care services is expected to double between 2000 and 2040, yet the field remains stigmatized as an undesirable place for highly-skilled nurses to work. Recent efforts to increase student preparation in geriatrics have been shown to improve student attitudes toward working with older adults and increase knowledge, but long term care settings remain unattractive to students. This paper reports on development, implementation and evaluation of The Wisconsin Long Term Care Clinical Scholars Program, a nursing home internship for baccalaureate nursing students. The program couples a paid nursing home work experience with an evidence-based long term care nursing curriculum. The program increased student preparation and interest in working with older adults and in nursing homes, while concurrently increasing the capacity of nursing homes to provide a positive student experience. PMID:25162659

  17. Long term clinical outcome of peripheral nerve stimulation in patients with chronic peripheral neuropathic pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Calenbergh, F. Van; Gybels, J.; Laere, K. Van

    2009-01-01

    of the present study was to evaluate the long-term clinical efficacy of PNS in a group of patients with peripheral neuropathic pain treated with PNS since the 1980s. METHODS: Of an original series of 11 patients, 5 patients could be invited for clinical examination, detailed assessment of clinical pain and QST...

  18. Integrated Clinical Geriatric Pharmacy Clerkship in Long Term, Acute and Ambulatory Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polo, Isabel; And Others

    1994-01-01

    A clinical geriatric pharmacy clerkship containing three separate practice areas (long-term, acute, and ambulatory care) is described. The program follows the medical education clerkship protocol, with a clinical pharmacy specialist, pharmacy practice resident, and student. Participation in medical rounds, interdisciplinary conferences, and…

  19. Explaining long-term outcomes among drug dependent mothers treated in women-only versus mixed-gender programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Elizabeth; Li, Libo; Pierce, Jennifer; Hser, Yih-Ing

    2013-01-01

    Specialized substance abuse treatment for parenting women is thought to improve outcomes, but long-term impacts and how they occur are poorly understood. Utilizing a sample of 789 California mothers followed for 10 years after admission to women-only (WO) or mixed-gender (MG) drug treatment, we examine the relationship between WO treatment and outcomes and whether it is mediated by post-treatment exposures to criminal justice and health services systems. At follow-up, 48% of mothers had a successful outcome (i.e., no use of illicit drugs, not involved with the criminal justice system, alive). Controlling for patient characteristics, WO (vs. MG) treatment increased the odds of successful outcome by 44%. In the structural equation model WO treatment was associated with fewer post-treatment arrests, which was associated with better outcomes. Women-only substance abuse treatment has long-term benefits for drug-dependent mothers, a relationship that may be partially explained by post-treatment exposure to the criminal justice system. Findings underscore additional leverage points for relapse prevention and recovery-supportive efforts for drug-dependent mothers. PMID:23702103

  20. Sigmoid volvulus: Long-term clinical outcome and review of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sigmoid volvulus: Long-term clinical outcome and review of the literature. ... Patients undergoing primary resection and anastomosis (PRA) or Hartmann's procedure (HP) for sigmoid volvulus between September 1992 and August 2000 were reviewed. Eligible patients who had had the initial procedure at least 5 years ...

  1. Anti-LGI1 encephalitis: Clinical syndrome and long-term follow-up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sonderen, A. van; Thijs, R.D.; Coenders, E.C.; Jiskoot, L.C.; Sanchez, E.; Bruijn, M.A.A.M. de; Coevorden-Hameete, M.H. van; Wirtz, P.W.; Schreurs, M.W.; Smitt, P.A. Sillevis; Titulaer, M.J.

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This nationwide study gives a detailed description of the clinical features and long-term outcome of anti-leucine-rich glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) encephalitis. METHODS: We collected patients prospectively from October 2013, and retrospectively from samples sent to our laboratory from

  2. Long term clinical outcome of chronic hepatitis C patients with sustained virological response to interferon monotherapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B.J. Veldt (Bart); S.W. Schalm (Solko); G. Saracco; N. Boyer; C. Camma; A. Bellobuono (Antonio); U. Hopf; I. Castillo; O. Weiland (Ola); F. Nevens (Frederik); B.E. Hansen (Bettina)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: The key end point for treatment efficacy in chronic hepatitis C is absence of detectable virus at six months after treatment. However, the incidence of clinical events during long term follow up of patients with sustained virological response is still poorly

  3. Long-term clinical outcome after alcohol septal ablation for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Veselka, Josef; Jensen, Morten Kvistholm; Liebregts, Max

    2016-01-01

    AIMS: The first cases of alcohol septal ablation (ASA) for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) were published two decades ago. Although the outcomes of single-centre and national ASA registries have been published, the long-term survival and clinical outcome of the procedure are still...

  4. Clinical and radiological assessment of effects of long-term corticosteroid therapy on oral health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swapna Sridevi Beeraka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Corticosteroids (Cs are used widely for their anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties. They have the potential to cause dramatic improvement as well as produce equally dramatic adverse effects. The clinical misuse like over prescription of the drug should be avoided. Long-term administration may cause many adverse effects leading to impaired oral health. Oral health is usually not considered during management of patients on long-term corticosteroid therapy. The aim of this study was to assess the oral health status and radiological changes in the jaw bones of the patients under long-term corticosteroid therapy. Materials and Methods: Oral health of 100 patients under long-term corticosteroid therapy with a minimum of 3 months duration was compared with sex- and age-matched 100 healthy controls. The clinical examination included complete examination of the mouth and periodontal status. Radiographic evaluation of bone with the help of intra oral periapical radiograph and digital orthopantomograph and levels of serum calcium, alkaline phosphatase, and random blood sugar were assessed. ′Chi-square test′, ′Kolmogorov-Smirnov test′ and ′Mann-Whitney U test′ were used for statistical analysis. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Patients on steroids exhibited significantly higher levels of candidiasis and clinical attachment loss of the periodontal ligament, probing pocket depth. Bone density was significantly lower in the study group than that in the control group. Random blood glucose was significantly higher and significant lower levels of calcium were observed in patients on steroids. Conclusion: Long-term use of Cs may affect oral health adversely leading to candidiasis as well as impair bone metabolism leading to a considerable decrease in the mandibular bone mineral density.

  5. Sociodemographic, clinical, and functional long-term outcomes in adolescents and young adults with mental disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asselmann, E; Wittchen, H-U; Lieb, R; Beesdo-Baum, K

    2018-01-01

    To examine unfavorable sociodemographic, clinical, and functional long-term outcomes for a range of adolescent mental disorders. A total number of 2210 adolescents and young adults (14-24 years at baseline, T0) from a representative community sample were prospectively followed up (T1-T3) over 10 years. DSM-IV mental disorders, sociodemographic, clinical, and functional outcomes were assessed using the DIA-X/M-CIDI and its embedded assessment modules. In (multinomial) logistic regressions adjusted for sex, age, other baseline disorders and sociodemographics, baseline anxiety, affective, substance use, somatoform and eating disorders (lifetime) predicted various unfavorable sociodemographic, clinical, and functional outcomes at T3. Particularly, strong associations were found between baseline disorders and adverse clinical outcomes at T3 (12-month diagnosis of the same/other disorder(s), drug use, suicide attempts, and help-seeking due to psychological problems). While substance use disorders were primarily associated with unfavorable sociodemographic and educational outcomes, anxiety and eating disorders were associated with unfavorable interpersonal outcomes, affective disorders with pregnancy-/childbirth-related complications and financial issues, and somatoform disorders with unfavorable educational/occupational and interpersonal outcomes. The risk of unfavorable outcomes increased with clinical severity, especially a higher number of baseline diagnoses. Our findings emphasize the importance of effective treatment of mental disorders to prevent unfavorable long-term outcomes in various life domains. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. A long term clinical outcome of the Medial Pivot Knee Arthroplasty System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macheras, George A; Galanakos, Spyridon P; Lepetsos, Panagiotis; Anastasopoulos, Panagiotis P; Papadakis, Stamatios A

    2017-03-01

    The ideal total knee arthroplasty (TKA) should provide maximum range of motion and functional stability for all desired daily activities and, if possible, to replicate normal knee kinematics and function. The ADVANCE® Medial Pivot (AMP) Knee System was designed with a highly congruent medial compartment and a less conforming lateral compartment to more closely mimic the kinematics of the normal knee and to offer more stability through out of range of motion (ROM). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of this TKA system. Three hundred and twenty-five (325) patients (347 knees) with knee osteoarthritis underwent a TKA using the AMP prosthesis in our Department. For evaluation, objective and subjective clinical rating systems along with radiograph series were used. The average follow-up was 15.2years. All patients showed a statistically significant improvement (p<0.0005) in the Knee Society clinical rating system, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index questionnaire, SF-12® questionnaire, and Oxford knee score. The majority of patients (94%) were able to perform age-appropriate activities with a mean knee flexion of 120° (range, 105°-135°) at final follow-up. Survival analysis showed a cumulative success rate of 98.8% at 17years. The obtained results demonstrate excellent long-term clinical outcome for this knee design. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Hemorrhagic Moyamoya Disease in Children: Clinical, Angiographic features, and Long-Term Surgical Outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Peng; Han, Cong; Li, De-Sheng; Lv, Xian-Li; Li, You-Xiang; Duan, Lian

    2016-01-01

    Here, we describe the clinical, angiographic characteristics, and long-term surgical outcome of hemorrhagic moyamoya disease in children. We retrospectively collected 374 consecutive children with moyamoya disease (hemorrhagic 30 and ischemic 344) between 2004 and 2012 in our hospital. The clinical and radiological characteristics of the hemorrhagic patients were retrospectively described and analyzed. All the hemorrhagic patients underwent encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis procedure. Digital subtraction angiography was performed to evaluate the efficacy of vascularization. Clinical follow-up outcomes were obtained through clinical visits, telephone, or letter interview. In our study, the ratio of female to male patients in the hemorrhagic group was significantly higher than the ischemic group (2:1 versus 0.9:1; Pmoyamoya disease. The encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis surgery can effectively increase the cerebral blood flow in children, which may decrease the incidence of recurrent hemorrhage. © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.

  8. Long-term clinical outcomes of Iranian veterans with unilateral transfemoral amputation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebrahimzadeh, Mohammad H; Fattahi, Asieh Sadat

    2009-01-01

    To study long-term outcome of unilateral above-knee amputation. Long-term clinical symptoms and functional status of above-knee amputees are not well documented. The purpose of this study was to document the long-term outcome of war related above-knee amputations. The study consisted of a comprehensive assessment and examination and review of history and wartime medical records of 31 Iranian above-knee amputees from the Iraq-Iran war by using a detailed questionnaire. The average follow-up was 17.5 years (range from 15 to 22 years). All patients were males and had been combatants. The most common agent of war injury was a shell with an incidence of 45.1%, while land mines and direct bullet shots were the following causes of war injury resulting in amputation in 41.9% and 12.9%, respectively. Clinical symptoms included phantom sensation in 27 patients (87%), phantom pain in 14 patients (45.1%), phantom movement in 5 patients (16.1%) patients and stump pain in 20 patients (64.5%). Additionally, 19 patients (61.2%) suffered from back pain, 17 patients (54.8%) complained of contra lateral (non-amputated) knee pain and 4 patients (14.8%) complained of ipsilateral hip pain. Seventeen patients (54%) reported psychological problems. Eighteen cases (58%) were employed or had been employed for multiple years after amputation. All patients (100%) were married and 30 (96.7%) had offspring. The study showed that our patients had significant rates of amputation symptoms after an average of two decades of amputation, but on the other hand good family and social function of the patients were recorded. Amputation is not a static disability but a progressive deteriorating condition that affects the health condition of the amputee over time.

  9. Long-term Drug Treatment for Obesity: A Systematic and Clinical Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanovski, Susan Z.; Yanovski, Jack A.

    2014-01-01

    Importance Thirty-six percent of US adults are obese and many cannot lose sufficient weight to improve health with lifestyle interventions alone. Objective Conduct a systematic review of medications currently approved in the US for obesity treatment in adults. We also discuss off-label use of medications studied for obesity and provide considerations for obesity medication use in clinical practice. Evidence Acquisition A PubMed search from inception through September, 2013 was performed to find meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and randomized, placebo-controlled trials for currently-approved obesity medications lasting ≥1y, that had a primary or secondary outcome of body weight, included ≥50 participants per group, reported ≥50% retention, and reported results on an intention-to-treat basis. Studies of medications approved for other purposes but tested for obesity treatment were also reviewed. Results Obesity medications approved for long-term use, when prescribed with lifestyle interventions, produce additional weight loss relative to placebo ranging from approximately 3% of initial weight for orlistat and lorcaserin to 9% for top-dose (15/92mg) phentermine/topiramate-ER at 1y. The proportion of patients achieving clinically-meaningful (≥5%) weight loss ranges from 37–47% for lorcaserin, 35–73% for orlistat, and 67–70% for top-dose phentermine/topiramate-ER. All three produce greater improvements in many cardiometabolic risk factors than placebo, but no obesity medication has been shown to reduce cardiovascular morbidity or mortality. Most prescriptions are for noradrenergic medications, despite their approval only for short-term use and limited data for their long-term safety and efficacy. Conclusions/Relevance Medications approved for long-term obesity treatment, when used as an adjunct to lifestyle intervention, lead to greater mean weight loss and an increased likelihood of achieving clinically-meaningful 1-year weight loss relative to placebo

  10. How plants changed the world: Using qualitative reasoning to explain plant macroevolution's effect on the long-term carbon cycle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kansou, K.; Nuttle, T.; Farnsworth, K.; Bredeweg, B.

    2013-01-01

    We present a qualitative reasoning model of how plant colonization of land during the mid Paleozoic era (450–300 million years ago) altered the long-term carbon cycle resulting in a dramatic decrease in global atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. This model is aimed at facilitating learning and

  11. Long-term landscape - land use interactions as explaining factor for soil organic matter variability in Dutch agricultural landscapes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schulp, C.J.E.; Veldkamp, A.

    2008-01-01

    The present-day land use pattern is often used for estimating soil organic matter pools. Although the effect of historical land use on soil organic matter (SOM) pools is often recognized, this factor is never accounted for in large-scale SOM inventories. We assessed if an inventory of long-term

  12. Long-term Mechanical Circulatory Support System reliability recommendation by the National Clinical Trial Initiative subcommittee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, James

    2009-01-01

    The Long-Term Mechanical Circulatory Support (MCS) System Reliability Recommendation was published in the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs (ASAIO) Journal and the Annals of Thoracic Surgery in 1998. At that time, it was stated that the document would be periodically reviewed to assess its timeliness and appropriateness within 5 years. Given the wealth of clinical experience in MCS systems, a new recommendation has been drafted by consensus of a group of representatives from the medical community, academia, industry, and government. The new recommendation describes a reliability test methodology and provides detailed reliability recommendations. In addition, the new recommendation provides additional information and clinical data in appendices that are intended to assist the reliability test engineer in the development of a reliability test that is expected to give improved predictions of clinical reliability compared with past test methods. The appendices are available for download at the ASAIO journal web site at www.asaiojournal.com.

  13. Knee Osteochondral Autologous Transplantation: Long-term MR findings and clinical correlations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tetta, Cecilia, E-mail: cecilia.tetta@ior.i [Radiology, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Bologna (Italy); Busacca, Maurizio; Moio, Antonio; Rinaldi, Raffaella [Radiology, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Bologna (Italy); Delcogliano, Marco; Kon, Elizaveta; Filardo, Giuseppe; Marcacci, Maurilio [Biomechanics Laboratory, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Bologna (Italy); Albisinni, Ugo [Radiology, Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute, Bologna (Italy)

    2010-10-15

    We evaluated long-term magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of Knee Osteochondral Autologous Transplantation (OAT)-Mosaicplasty and correlated MRI findings and clinical outcome. Twenty-four patients (mean age 29.9 {+-} 8.7, 70.8% male) undergoing arthroscopic OAT between 1997 and 2000 were prospectively enrolled. The International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS)/International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores and Tegner scores were employed for clinical evaluation. The magnetic resonance observation of cartilage repair tissue (MOCART) was utilized for description and assessment of the repair tissue. Median follow up was 113 months (interquartile range [IQR] 106-122). MRI showed good survival of grafted cartilage in 62.5% of patients. The integration of the graft was complete in 75% of cases, while the repaired tissue was intact in 62.5% and had an homogeneous structure in 70.8%. The MOCART score significantly correlated with objective and subjective scores (p = 0.003 and p = 0.002). Contrastingly, overall MOCART showed no correlation with the Tegner score. MRI revealed to be a powerful tool for non-invasive long-term assessment of OAT.

  14. Long-term follow-up in outpatient clinics. 1: The view from general practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeve, H; Baxter, K; Newton, P; Burkey, Y; Black, M; Roland, M

    1997-02-01

    Nearly three-quarters of patients seen in specialist outpatient clinics in England are in follow-up. It has been suggested that the care of many of these patients could be transferred to general practice. We aimed to estimate the proportion of patients in general practice who are in long-term outpatient follow-up, and to identify GPs' perspectives on the appropriateness and implications of the discharge of their patients to primary care. Prevalence data were collected by identifying correspondence from outpatient clinics to GPs in four Manchester practices (population 29,000). GPs were asked to assess the suitability for discharge of their patients who were seen in medical outpatient clinics. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 15 of these GPs, and with 11 GPs who had patients recently discharged from medical clinics. At least 4.5% of the practice populations were in long-term outpatient follow-up (median duration 25 months). These patients had consulted their GP a median of seven times during the previous year. GPs were willing to take over the care of 48% of patients in medical clinics, and in many cases did not expect that this would lead to an increase in their workload. Some resource needs were identified in general practice, and improvements to the process of discharge were suggested. The need for continued follow-up in outpatient clinics should be reviewed. Many patients could be discharged without increasing GPs' workload. For more complex cases, additional resources may be needed to provide co-ordinated care within general practice. When patients are discharged, GPs need information quickly and need access to specialist advice for their patients when necessary without long delays.

  15. Long-term clinical and radiological outcome of endovascular embolization of pancreatitis-related pseudoaneurysms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vander Mijnsbrugge, Ward; Laleman, Wim; Van Steenbergen, Werner; Heye, Sam; Verslype, Chris; Maleux, Geert

    2017-03-01

    Background Long-term outcome after embolization of pancreatitis-induced pseudoaneurysm is not yet determined. Purpose To assess the long-term efficacy and patients' overall survival after embolization of pancreatitis-induced pseudoaneurysm. Material and Methods Patients referred for endovascular treatment of a pancreatitis-induced pseudoaneurysm between January 1998 and January 2014 were analyzed. Embolization procedures were performed by transcatheter techniques using different types of embolic agents. Demographic, technical-radiological, and clinical data were collected. Results Thirty-four patients were identified with a pancreatitis-induced pseudoaneurysm; the underlying disease was acute (n = 13; 38%) or chronic (n = 21; 62%) pancreatitis; seven patients (20.6%) had active bleeding when embolized, while in the remaining 27 patients (79.4%) the pseudoaneurysm was not bleeding. In all 34 patients, successful endovascular exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm was obtained after the first attempt. Minor complications occurred in 11 patients (30%); no major complications were noted. A new pseudoaneurysm on a different vessel was identified during follow-up in three patients (9%). In another patient (3%), the excluded pseudoaneurysm reopened during follow-up. All four recurrences occurred within the first 5 months after embolization. Long-term follow-up (mean, 6.6 years; range, 4 months-16 years) revealed estimated survival rates of 94%, 89%, and 75% after 2, 5, and 10 years respectively, without pseudoaneurysm-related death. Conclusion Catheter-directed embolization of pancreatitis-induced pseudoaneurysms is relatively safe and effective. Recurrence or new pseudoaneurysm formation was low and occurred within the first 6 months after embolization. Overall survival is high, with no pseudoaneurysm-related deaths.

  16. Skull base surgery for tumors in children: long-term clinical and functional outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayhurst, Caroline; Williams, Dawn; Yousaf, Jawad; Richardson, David; Pizer, Barry; Mallucci, Conor

    2013-05-01

    Skull base tumors in children are rare but require complex approaches with potential morbidity to the developing craniofacial skeleton, in addition to tumor-related morbidity. Reports of long-term clinical and functional outcome following skull base approaches in children are scarce. The authors report long-term outcome in children with tumors undergoing multidisciplinary skull base surgery. A retrospective analysis was undertaken of children undergoing surgery at a single institution between 1998 and 2008 for benign and malignant lesions of the anterior, middle, or posterior cranial base. Patients with craniopharyngioma, pituitary tumors, and optic glioma were excluded. Histology, surgical morbidity, length of hospital stay, progression-free survival, and adjuvant therapy were recorded. Functional and cognitive outcome was assessed prospectively using the Late Effects Severity Score (LESS). Twenty-three children ranging in age from 13 months to 15 years underwent skull base approaches for resection of tumors during the study period. The median follow-up duration was 60 months. Tumor types included meningioma, schwannoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, angiofibroma, and chordoma. Complete resection was achieved in 12 patients (52%). Thirteen patients (57%) had benign histology. The median hospital stay was 7 days. There were 3 deaths, 1 perioperative and 2 from tumor progression. Two patients had CSF leakage (9%) and 2 developed meningitis. Two children (9%) had residual neurological deficit at last follow-up evaluation. Thirteen (59%) of 22 surviving patients received adjuvant therapy. The majority of the patients remain in mainstream education and 19 of the 20 surviving children have an LESS of 3 or lower. Children tolerate complex skull base procedures well, with minimal surgical-related morbidity as well as good long-term tumor control rates and functional outcomes from maximal safe resection combined with adjuvant treatment when required.

  17. Long-term oral baclofen treatment in a child with cerebral palsy: electroencephalographic changes and clinical adverse effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Rinaldis, Marta; Losito, Luciana; Gennaro, Leonarda; Trabacca, Antonio

    2010-10-01

    Baclofen is widely used to control spasticity in children with cerebral palsy. Several publications described clinical adverse effects of baclofen oral treatment, but the effect of baclofen on seizure potentiation is still controversial. We describe a 10-year-old female patient with cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and mental retardation who developed clinical adverse effects (confusion, agitated state, insomnia, diffuse hypotonia, and hyporeflexia) and electroencephalographic (EEG) changes (quasiperiodic, generalized burst of sharp waves that take up >50% of standard EEG) during long-term oral baclofen treatment, after gradually increasing the dosage but still within the therapeutic dose. Our case showed clearly that the EEG changes in our patient, with a history of epilepsy in good control, have been induced by the baclofen increase, and we describe the possible mechanisms that could explain proconvulsive effect of baclofen.

  18. Pharmacokinetics and clinical efficacy of long-term epidural ropivacaine infusion in children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Tom Giedsing; Ilett, K F; Lim, S I

    2000-01-01

    The clinical efficacy and pharmacokinetics of long-term epidural ropivacaine infusion were investigated in 18 postoperative children aged between 0.3 and 7.3 yr. A lumbar or thoracic epidural catheter was inserted after the anaesthetic induction. Sixty minutes following a bolus dose of ropivacaine...... 1 mg kg-1, 0.2% ropivacaine was infused at a fixed rate of 0.4 mg kg-1 h-1 for a mean of 61.3 h (range 36-96 h). Clinical evaluation comprised hourly recording of pain, sedation, motor block, nausea/vomiting, pruritus-scores, SpO2, pulse and respiratory rates, and recording of non-invasive arterial...

  19. Final results of a long-term, clinical follow-up in fatty liver patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam-Larsen, Sanne; Becker, Ulrik; Franzmann, Maria-Benedicte

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: There is increasing focus on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of the present study was to conduct a long-term clinical follow-up of patients with biopsy-confirmed fatty liver without inflammation or significant fibrosis (pure fatty liver), to analyse for potential risk...... factors at the time of index liver biopsy important for survival and the development of cirrhosis and to describe the causes of death. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients were linked through their personal identification number to the Danish National Registry of Patients and the Register of Causes of Death....... All admissions, discharge diagnoses and causes of death during follow-up were collected. All surviving patients were invited to a clinical follow-up. RESULTS: The follow-up period was 20.4 and 21.0 years, respectively, for the NAFLD and alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD) groups. Two NAFLD patients...

  20. [Long term clinical course of Canavan disease--a rare Japanese case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizuguchi, Koichi; Hoshino, Hideki; Hamaguchi, Hiroshi; Kubota, Masaya

    2009-09-01

    Canavan disease (CD), which is a rare disease in Japan, is an autosomal-recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutations in aspartoacylase, an enzyme that deacetylates N-acetylaspartate to generate free acetate in the brain. CD affected children usually die by the age of 10 years. Here we report a long term clinical course of a 21-year-old Japanese woman who was diagnosed as CD at the age 4. This patient is the only reported case of CD in Japan that has been biochemically confirmed. Although this patient is currently bed-ridden with spastic quadriplegia and severe mental retardation, her general condition is quite stable. This patient showed a milder clinical course compared to the majority of CD patients. Because this is the only reported case of CD in Japan, we hypothesize that there might be an ethnic phenotypic polymorphism in CD.

  1. [Laparoscopic approach of achalasia. Long-term clinical and functional results and quality of life].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinello, Franco G; Targarona, Eduardo M; Balague, Carmen; Poca, María; Mones, Joan; Trias, Manuel

    2014-03-01

    Laparoscopic Heller myotomy has become the gold standard procedure for patients with achalasia. This study evaluates the clinical status, quality of life, and functional outcomes after laparoscopic Heller myotomy. We analyzed patients who underwent laparoscopic Heller myotomy with an associated anti-reflux procedure from October 1998 to December 2010. Before surgery, we administered a clinical questionnaire and as of 2002, we also evaluated quality of life using a specific questionnaire (GIQLI). In 2011, we performed a follow up for all available patients. We administered the same clinical questionnaire and quality of life test as before surgery and performed manometry and 24-hour pH monitoring. According to the length of follow up, patients were divided into 3 groups. Group 1 with a follow-up between 6 and 47 months; group 2 follow-up between 48 and 119 months, and group 3 with a follow-up of more than 120 months). Moreover, 27 patients had already been evaluated with this same protocol in 2003. Pre- and postoperative data were compared for the 3 groups and for patients who completed follow up in 2003 and 2011. Ninety-five patients underwent laparoscopic Heller myotomy. Seventy-six (80%) were available for follow-up. Mean follow-up was 56 months (range 6-143). Global improvement in dysphagia was 89%. Total DeMeester score decreased in the 3 groups. GIQLI scores improved after surgery, reaching normal values. Manometric determinations showed normal LES pressures after myotomy in the 3 groups. Ten percent of overall 24-hour pH monitoring was abnormal. The group of patients followed up in 2003 and in 2011 showed no impairment in the variables studied in the long term. Long-term follow up of the laparoscopic approach to achalasia showed good results concerning clinical status and quality of life, with normal sphincteric pressures and a low incidence of gastroesophageal reflux. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  2. Mid- and long-term clinical results of surgical therapy in unicameral bone cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hagmann Sébastien

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Unicameral (or simple bone cysts (UBC are benign tumours most often located in long bones of children and adolescents. Pathological fractures are common, and due to high recurrence rates, these lesions remain a challenge to treat. Numerous surgical procedures have been proposed, but there is no general consensus of the ideal treatment. The aim of this investigation therefore was to study the long-term outcome after surgical treatment in UBC. Methods A retrospective analysis of 46 patients surgically treated for UBC was performed for short and mid-term outcome. Clinical and radiological outcome parameters were studied according to a modified Neer classification system. Long-term clinical information was retrieved via a questionnaire at a minimum follow-up of 10 years after surgery. Results Forty-six patients (17 female, 29 male with a mean age of 10.0 ± 4.8 years and with histopathologically confirmed diagnosis of UBC were included. Pathological fractures were observed in 21 cases (46%. All patients underwent surgery for UBC (35 patients underwent curettage and bone grafting as a primary therapy, 4 curettage alone, 3 received corticoid instillation and 4 decompression by cannulated screws. Overall recurrence rate after the first surgical treatment was 39% (18/46, second (17.4% of all patients and third recurrence (4.3% were frequently observed and were addressed by revision surgery. Recurrence was significantly higher in young and in male patients as well as in active cysts. After a mean of 52 months, 40 out of 46 cysts were considered healed. Prognosis was significantly better when recurrence was observed later than 30 months after therapy. After a mean follow-up of 15.5 ± 6.2 years, 40 patients acknowledged clinically excellent results, while five reported mild and casual pain. Only one patient reported a mild limitation of range of motion. Conclusions Our results suggest satisfactory overall long-term outcome for the

  3. Long-term Clinical and Radiologic Outcome in 500 Children With Parenchymal Neurocysticercosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singhi, Pratibha; Suthar, Renu; Deo, Brijendra; Malhi, Prabhjot; Khandelwal, Niranjan K

    2017-06-01

    Our aim was to study long-term clinical and radiologic outcome in children with parenchymal neurocysticercosis (NCC) and its predictors. Five hundred children with NCC registered in the pediatric NCC clinic between January 1996 and December 2002 and followed till December 2009 were enrolled. Demographic details, clinical presentations and therapy received were recorded. Outcome was evaluated in terms of seizure recurrence and resolution of lesions on neuroimaging. Various factors that could influence outcome were studied. Mean age at presentation was 8 ± 2.7 years, and the mean duration of follow-up was 8.8 ± 2.03 years; 79.6% (398) had single lesion, and 20.4% (102) had multiple lesions at presentation; 14.5% (58) of children with single lesion, and 28.4% (29) of children with multiple lesions had recurrent seizures (P < 0.001) during follow-up. At 6-month follow-up neuroimaging, resolution was seen in 52.7% (210) and 31.3% (32) of children with single and multiple lesions, respectively (P < 0.001). On prolonged follow-up, 94.6% (384) of single-lesion NCC and 88% (90) of multiple-lesion NCC (P < 0.001) had radiologic resolution. Single-lesion NCC, radiologic resolution and cysticidal therapy were associated with better seizure outcome (P < 0.05). Children with multiple lesions had significantly higher percentage of calcified lesions on long-term follow-up compared with those with a single lesion (11.7% vs. 3.6%, P < 0.05). Children with a single-lesion NCC have favorable outcome with resolution of most of the lesions and few seizure recurrences. Cysticidal therapy leads to better seizure control and increased resolution of lesions on short-term follow-up.

  4. Reperfusion after pulmonary embolism - long-term follow-up, risk factors, clinical impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mrozek, Jan; Petrova, Jana; Vaclavkova, Jana; Janovsky, Vladimir; Kraus, Lubos; Jansa, Pavel

    2018-01-24

    Thromboembolic disease is the third most common cardiovascular disorder and deep vein thrombosis carries the risk of pulmonary embolism (PE). Questions related to reperfusion after PE remain, especially risk factors. Incomplete reperfusion after PE is closely related to the development of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the relation between reperfusion after PE in the long term over a period of 24 months, laboratory results and clinical risk factors found during the initial PE event. 85 consecutive patients with a first episode of acute PE, diagnosed at 4 cardiology clinics, were followed up using clinical evaluation, scintigraphy and echocardiography (6, 12 and 24 months after the PE. 35 patients were in the low risk category (41%), 42 (49%) in the intermediate risk group and 8 (9%) in the high risk category. Perfusion defects persisted in 20 patients (26%) after 6 months, in 19 patients (25%) after 12 months and in 14 patients (19%) after 24 months. The incidence was more frequent in older patients, with more serious (higher risk) PE, increased right ventricular internal diameter during the initial episode, and more significant tricuspid insufficiency in the initial echocardiography. Notably, higher hemoglobin levels were also shown as a significant risk factor. The presence of perfusion defects after 24 months correlated with a concurrent higher pulmonary pressure but not with either patient function or adverse events (recurrence of PE, re-hospitalization or bleeding). In 3 cases (4% of patients), long-term echocardiographic evidence of pulmonary hypertension was detected. Even after 24 months from acute PE with adequate anticoagulation treatment, incomplete reperfusion was found in 19% of patients with a corresponding risk of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary disease and hypertension.

  5. The Long-term Effect of Acupuncture for Migraine Prophylaxis: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Ling; Chen, Jiao; Li, Ying; Sun, Xin; Chang, Xiaorong; Zheng, Hui; Gong, Biao; Huang, Yinlan; Yang, Mingxiao; Wu, Xi; Li, Xuezhi; Liang, Fanrong

    2017-04-01

    The long-term prophylactic effects of acupuncture for migraine are uncertain. To investigate the long-term effects of true acupuncture compared with sham acupuncture and being placed in a waiting-list control group for migraine prophylaxis. This was a 24-week randomized clinical trial (4 weeks of treatment followed by 20 weeks of follow-up). Participants were randomly assigned to true acupuncture, sham acupuncture, or a waiting-list control group. The trial was conducted from October 2012 to September 2014 in outpatient settings at 3 clinical sites in China. A total of 249 participants 18 to 65 years old with migraine without aura based on the criteria of the International Headache Society, with migraine occurring 2 to 8 times per month. Participants in the true acupuncture and sham acupuncture groups received treatment 5 days per week for 4 weeks for a total of 20 sessions. Participants in the waiting-list group did not receive acupuncture but were informed that 20 sessions of acupuncture would be provided free of charge at the end of the trial. Participants used diaries to record migraine attacks. The primary outcome was the change in the frequency of migraine attacks from baseline to week 16. Secondary outcome measures included the migraine days, average headache severity, and medication intake every 4 weeks within 24 weeks. A total of 249 participants 18 to 65 years old were enrolled, and 245 were included in the intention-to-treat analyses. One hundred eighty-nine (77.1%) were women. Baseline characteristics were comparable across the 3 groups. The mean (SD) change in frequency of migraine attacks differed significantly among the 3 groups at 16 weeks after randomization (P acupuncture group by 3.2 (2.1), in the sham acupuncture group by 2.1 (2.5), and the waiting-list group by 1.4 (2.5); a greater reduction was observed in the true acupuncture than in the sham acupuncture group (difference of 1.1 attacks; 95% CI, 0.4-1.9; P = .002) and in the true

  6. CENTRAL DIABETES INSIPIDUS: CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND LONG-TERM COURSE IN A LARGE COHORT OF ADULTS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masri-Iraqi, Hiba; Hirsch, Dania; Herzberg, Dana; Lifshitz, Avner; Tsvetov, Gloria; Benbassat, Carlos; Shimon, Ilan

    2017-05-01

    Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) is a rare heterogeneous condition with various underlying causes. This study sought to increase the still-limited data on the clinical characteristics and long-term course in adults diagnosed with CDI. Data on demographics, presentation, imaging findings, affected pituitary axes, treatment, and complications were collected retrospectively from the files of 70 adult patients with CDI followed at a referral endocrine clinic. Forty women and 30 men were included. Mean age was 46.8 ± 15 years at the time of this study and 29.3 ± 20 years at CDI diagnosis. Twenty-eight patients were diagnosed in childhood. Forty patients (57%) acquired CDI following surgery. Main sellar pathologies were: craniopharyngioma, 17 patients (11 diagnosed in childhood); Langerhans histiocytosis, 10 patients (5 diagnosed in childhood); 7 patients (all diagnosed as adults) had a growth hormone-secreting adenoma; 12 patients (17%; 6 diagnosed in childhood) had idiopathic CDI. At least one anterior pituitary axis was affected in 73% of the cohort: 59% had growth hormone deficiency, 56% hypogonadism, 55% central hypothyroidism, 44% adrenocorticotropic hormone-cortisol deficiency. Patients with postoperative/trauma CDI (n = 44) tended to have multiple anterior pituitary axes deficits compared to the nonsurgical group of patients. All patients were treated with vasopressin preparations, mostly nasal spray. Hyponatremia developed in 32 patients, more in women, and was severe (150 mEq/L) was noticed in 5 patients. Overall, the calculated complication rate was 22 in 1,250 treatment-years. Most adult patients with CDI have anterior pituitary dysfunction. Stability is usually achieved with long-term treatment. Women were more susceptible to desmopressin complications, albeit with an overall relatively low complication rate. ACTH = adrenocorticotropic hormone CDI = central diabetes insipidus GH = growth hormone MRI = magnetic resonance imaging.

  7. Viridans streptococci in peritoneal dialysis peritonitis: clinical courses and long-term outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Chia-Ter; Lee, Szu-Ying; Yang, Wei-Shun; Chen, Huei-Wen; Fang, Cheng-Chung; Yen, Chung-Jen; Chiang, Chih-Kang; Hung, Kuan-Yu; Huang, Jenq-Wen

    2015-01-01

    The clinical courses and long-term outcomes of viridans streptococcus (VS) peritoneal dialysis (PD) peritonitis remain unclear. We conducted a retrospective analysis of all PD patients in a single center with gram-positive cocci (GPC) peritonitis between 2005 and 2011, and divided them into 3 groups: VS, other streptococci and other GPC (apart from VS). Clinical characteristics and outcomes of the VS group were compared with the other streptococci and other GPC groups, with prognostic factors determined. A total of 140 patients with 168 episodes of GPC peritonitis (44% of all peritonitis) were identified over 7 years. Among these, 18 patients (13%) developed VS peritonitis, while 14 patients (10%) developed other streptococcal peritonitis. Patients with VS peritonitis had a high cure rate by antibiotic alone (94%), despite a high polymicrobial yield frequency (28%). We found that VS peritonitis carried a lower risk of Tenckhoff catheter removal and relapsing episodes than other GPC peritonitis (6% vs 11%), and a lower mortality than other streptococci peritonitis (0% vs 7%). However, after the index peritonitis episodes, VS, other streptococci, and other GPC group had a significantly increased peritonitis incidence compared with the period before the index peritonitis (all p peritonitis had a significantly higher incidence of refractory peritonitis compared with other streptococci or other GPC peritonitis in the long term (both p peritonitis after the index episode as compared with other streptococcal or GPC peritonitis. It might be prudent to monitor the technique of these patients with VS peritonitis closely to avoid further peritonitis episodes. Copyright © 2015 International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis.

  8. Viridans Streptococci in Peritoneal Dialysis Peritonitis: Clinical Courses and Long-Term Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Chia-Ter; Lee, Szu-Ying; Yang, Wei-Shun; Chen, Huei-Wen; Fang, Cheng-Chung; Yen, Chung-Jen; Chiang, Chih-Kang; Hung, Kuan-Yu; Huang, Jenq-Wen

    2015-01-01

    ♦ Background: The clinical courses and long-term outcomes of viridans streptococcus (VS) peritoneal dialysis (PD) peritonitis remain unclear. ♦ Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all PD patients in a single center with gram-positive cocci (GPC) peritonitis between 2005 and 2011, and divided them into 3 groups: VS, other streptococci and other GPC (apart from VS). Clinical characteristics and outcomes of the VS group were compared with the other streptococci and other GPC groups, with prognostic factors determined. ♦ Results: A total of 140 patients with 168 episodes of GPC peritonitis (44% of all peritonitis) were identified over 7 years. Among these, 18 patients (13%) developed VS peritonitis, while 14 patients (10%) developed other streptococcal peritonitis. Patients with VS peritonitis had a high cure rate by antibiotic alone (94%), despite a high polymicrobial yield frequency (28%). We found that VS peritonitis carried a lower risk of Tenckhoff catheter removal and relapsing episodes than other GPC peritonitis (6% vs 11%), and a lower mortality than other streptococci peritonitis (0% vs 7%). However, after the index peritonitis episodes, VS, other streptococci, and other GPC group had a significantly increased peritonitis incidence compared with the period before the index peritonitis (all p peritonitis had a significantly higher incidence of refractory peritonitis compared with other streptococci or other GPC peritonitis in the long term (both p peritonitis after the index episode as compared with other streptococcal or GPC peritonitis. It might be prudent to monitor the technique of these patients with VS peritonitis closely to avoid further peritonitis episodes. PMID:24497584

  9. Long-term cryopreservation of decellularised oesophagi for tissue engineering clinical application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urbani, Luca; Maghsoudlou, Panagiotis; Milan, Anna; Menikou, Maria; Hagen, Charlotte Klara; Totonelli, Giorgia; Camilli, Carlotta; Eaton, Simon; Burns, Alan; Olivo, Alessandro; De Coppi, Paolo

    2017-01-01

    Oesophageal tissue engineering is a therapeutic alternative when oesophageal replacement is required. Decellularised scaffolds are ideal as they are derived from tissue-specific extracellular matrix and are non-immunogenic. However, appropriate preservation may significantly affect scaffold behaviour. Here we aim to prove that an effective method for short- and long-term preservation can be applied to tissue engineered products allowing their translation to clinical application. Rabbit oesophagi were decellularised using the detergent-enzymatic treatment (DET), a combination of deionised water, sodium deoxycholate and DNase-I. Samples were stored in phosphate-buffered saline solution at 4°C (4°C) or slow cooled in medium with 10% Me2SO at -1°C/min followed by storage in liquid nitrogen (SCM). Structural and functional analyses were performed prior to and after 2 and 4 weeks and 3 and 6 months of storage under each condition. Efficient decellularisation was achieved after 2 cycles of DET as determined with histology and DNA quantification, with preservation of the ECM. Only the SCM method, commonly used for cell storage, maintained the architecture and biomechanical properties of the scaffold up to 6 months. On the contrary, 4°C method was effective for short-term storage but led to a progressive distortion and degradation of the tissue architecture at the following time points. Efficient storage allows a timely use of decellularised oesophagi, essential for clinical translation. Here we describe that slow cooling with cryoprotectant solution in liquid nitrogen vapour leads to reliable long-term storage of decellularised oesophageal scaffolds for tissue engineering purposes.

  10. Long-term clinical effects of magnetic resonance imaging in patients with coronary artery stent implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaya, Mehmet Gungor; Okyay, Kaan; Yazici, Huseyin; Sen, Nihat; Tavil, Yusuf; Turkoglu, Sedat; Timurkaynak, Timur; Ozdemir, Murat; Cemri, Mustafa; Yalcin, Ridvan; Cengel, Atiye

    2009-03-01

    We sought to investigate the early and late effects of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on stent thrombosis and major adverse coronary events after coronary artery stent (CAS) implantation at a long-term follow-up period. Forty-three patients (28 men, mean age 63+/-10 years) who underwent CAS implantation before MRI examination were included. MRI was performed on a 1.5-T MR-system with a phased array multicoil. An average of 1.3 stents per patient were implanted (1-4 stents). More than one MRI was performed for two patients. Patients who underwent MRI within 8 weeks after the procedure were included in the early-term group (17 patients), and those who underwent MRI after 8 weeks were included in the late-term group (26 patients). Mean follow-up period was 36+/-15 months. There was no acute or subacute stent thrombosis. Late stent thrombosis that resulted in acute myocardial infarction was observed in a patient from the early group after an operation for prostate hyperplasia 5 months after MRI, and the patient underwent percutaneous coronary artery angioplasty. De-nova lesion was observed in four patients in the early group and two patients in the late group (P=0.14). In-stent restenosis was recorded in two patients in the early group and three patients in the late group (P=0.98). Composite major adverse cardiac events (acute coronary syndrome, myocardial infarction, death, and cerebrovascular event) were observed in seven of the early-group patients (41%), and in six of the late-group patients (23%) (P=0.20). MRI can be safely performed in patients with CAS implantation both in the early and late course, and is not associated with an increased risk of major adverse clinical cardiac events at long-term follow-up.

  11. Long-term clinical outcomes of Ahmed valve implantation in patients with refractory glaucoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang Kyu Lee

    Full Text Available To evaluate the long-term efficacy of intraocular pressure (IOP reduction and complications of Ahmed Glaucoma Valve (AGV implantation in patients with refractory glaucoma.Retrospective study.The study involved 302 refractory glaucoma patients who underwent AGV implantation and had a minimum follow-up of 6 months between March 1995 and December 2013.An operation was defined as successful when (1 the postoperative IOP remained between 5 and 21 mmHg and was reduced 30% compared to the baseline IOP with or without medication, (2 there was no loss of light perception or vision-threatening severe complications, and (3 no additional filtering or aqueous drainage surgery was required. Clinical records were reviewed.IOP, anti-glaucoma medications, and complications.The mean follow-up period was 62.25 months (range, 6 to 190 months. The cumulative probability of success was 89% at 6 months, 81% at 1 year, 66% at 3 years, 44% at 10 years, and 26% at 15 years. IOP was reduced from a mean of 32.2 ± 10.5 mmHg to 18.6 ± 9.1 mmHg at 1 month, 15.2 ± 7.0 mmHg at 6 months, and 14.2 ± 3.5 mmHg at 15 years. Surgical failures were significantly increased when preoperative IOP was high, and when severe complications occurred after AGV implantation (P < 0.05.AGV implantation was successful for IOP control in patients with refractive glaucoma in the long term. However, the success rate of surgery decreased over time. Preoperative high IOP and severe complications related to the operation were significant risk factors for failure.

  12. Long-term regional shifts in plant community composition are largely explained by local deer impact experiments.

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    Katie Frerker

    Full Text Available The fact that herbivores and predators exert top-down effects to alter community composition and dynamics at lower trophic levels is no longer controversial, yet we still lack evidence of the full nature, extent, and longer-term effects of these impacts. Here, we use results from a set of replicated experiments on the local impacts of white-tailed deer to evaluate the extent to which such impacts could account for half-century shifts in forest plant communities across the upper Midwest, USA. We measured species' responses to deer at four sites using 10-20 year-old deer exclosures. Among common species, eight were more abundant outside the exclosures, seven were commoner inside, and 16 had similar abundances in- and outside. Deer herbivory greatly increased the abundance of ferns and graminoids and doubled the abundance of exotic plants. In contrast, deer greatly reduced tree regeneration, shrub cover (100-200 fold in two species, plant height, plant reproduction, and the abundance of forbs. None of 36 focal species increased in reproduction or grew taller in the presence of deer, contrary to expectations. We compared these results to data on 50-year regional shifts in species abundances across 62 sites. The effects of herbivory by white-tailed deer accurately account for many of the long-term regional shifts observed in species' abundances (R2 = 0.41. These results support the conjecture that deer impacts have driven many of the regional shifts in forest understory cover and composition observed in recent decades. Our ability to link results from shorter-term, local experiments to regional long-term studies of ecological change strengthens the inferences we can draw from both approaches.

  13. Transforming long-term care pain management in north america: the policy-clinical interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadjistavropoulos, Thomas; Marchildon, Gregory P; Fine, Perry G; Herr, Keela; Palley, Howard A; Kaasalainen, Sharon; Béland, François

    2009-04-01

    The undertreatment of pain in older adults who reside in long-term care (LTC) facilities has been well documented, leading to clinical guideline development and professional educational programs designed to foster better pain assessment and management in this population. Despite these efforts, little improvement has occurred, and we postulate that focused attention to public policy and cost implications of systemic change is required to create positive pain-related outcomes. Our goal was to outline feasible and cost-effective clinical and public policy recommendations designed to address the undermanagement of pain in LTC facilities. We arranged a 2-day consensus meeting of prominent United States and Canadian pain and public policy experts. An initial document describing the problem of pain undermanagement in LTC was developed and circulated prior to the meeting. Participants were also asked to respond to a list of relevant questions before arriving. Following formal presentations of a variety of proposals and extensive discussion among clinicians and policy experts, a set of recommendations was developed. We outline key elements of a transformational model of pain management in LTC for the United States and Canada. Consistent with previously formulated clinical guidelines but with attention to readily implementable public policy change in both countries, this transformational model of LTC has important implications for LTC managers and policy makers as well as major quality of life implications for LTC residents.

  14. Body size and geographic range do not explain long term variation in fish populations: a Bayesian phylogenetic approach to testing assembly processes in stream fish assemblages.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen J Jacquemin

    Full Text Available We combine evolutionary biology and community ecology to test whether two species traits, body size and geographic range, explain long term variation in local scale freshwater stream fish assemblages. Body size and geographic range are expected to influence several aspects of fish ecology, via relationships with niche breadth, dispersal, and abundance. These traits are expected to scale inversely with niche breadth or current abundance, and to scale directly with dispersal potential. However, their utility to explain long term temporal patterns in local scale abundance is not known. Comparative methods employing an existing molecular phylogeny were used to incorporate evolutionary relatedness in a test for covariation of body size and geographic range with long term (1983 - 2010 local scale population variation of fishes in West Fork White River (Indiana, USA. The Bayesian model incorporating phylogenetic uncertainty and correlated predictors indicated that neither body size nor geographic range explained significant variation in population fluctuations over a 28 year period. Phylogenetic signal data indicated that body size and geographic range were less similar among taxa than expected if trait evolution followed a purely random walk. We interpret this as evidence that local scale population variation may be influenced less by species-level traits such as body size or geographic range, and instead may be influenced more strongly by a taxon's local scale habitat and biotic assemblages.

  15. Clinical evaluation of a visible light-cured indirect composite for long-term provisionalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ewoldsen, Nels; Sundar, Veeraraghavan; Bennett, William; Kanya, Kevin; Magyar, Karl

    2008-01-01

    To clinically evaluate a visible light-cured (VLC) resin composite system for long-term provisional and esthetic diagnostic restorations, fabricated using indirect techniques. One-hundred and nine teeth were restored in 31 patients. Preoperational impressions were used to create VLC resin composite restorations (Radica) using indirect techniques. Restorations were relined as necessary and placed using various provisional cements at a follow-up appointment, subsequent to preparation of the teeth. Both fabricating laboratory technicians and placing dentists rated the restorations for acceptability in esthetics, marginal fit, occlusion, and functionality in various stages of provisionalization. All restorations (100%) were rated acceptable for esthetics prior to relining. After relining, a majority (93-100%) of restorations were rated acceptable in esthetic and functional criteria. At the placement of the permanent restoration, a majority (96-100%) of restorations were rated acceptable in esthetic and functional criteria. Terms of service ranged from two to seventy-six days. In combination with in vitro results, the clinical performance of the Radica VLC system for provisionalization and esthetic diagnostic restorations was judged to be acceptable. The system offers esthetics that are superior to conventional provisional restorations, and should be a valuable option to practitioners considering longer-term provisionalization in complex cases.

  16. The Thrust Plate Prosthesis: long-term clinical and radiological results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diederix, Leon W; Van Winterswijk, Peter J T S; Schouten, Sander B; Bakx, Pieter A G M; Huij, Jaap

    2013-06-01

    The Thrust Plate Prosthesis is a femoral implant designed for total hip arthroplasty, based on the principles of physiologic loading of the metaphysis of the proximal femur, and preserving the bone stock. This study presents the long-term clinical and radiological results of 34 patients with 36 Thrust Plate Prostheses. In a retrospective analysis, we investigated the reoperation-free survival as well as the clinical and radiological results. Mean age at operation was 51 +/- 6.4 years. Mean follow-up length was 11.9 +/- 1.6 years. Reoperation-free survival was 88.9%. Four (11.1%) reoperations were performed, in three patients due to aseptic loosening and in one patient because of a fracture distal to the lateral plate. Three of the reoperations were performed between 12 and 32 months postoperatively. The major complaint was pain at the lateral side of the hip (44%). Radiolucencies did not exceed 1 mm, but 35% of the hips showed resorption of the cortex directly under the thrust plate, together with cancellous bone hypertrophy at the calcar, noted in 97%. Because of the relatively high reoperation-free survival and favourable radiological results, the Thrust Plate Prosthesis appears as a possible alternative to stemmed total hip arthroplasty, especially in relatively young patients.

  17. Congenital aniridia: long-term clinical course, visual outcome, and prognostic factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ji Woong; Kim, Jeong Hun; Kim, Seong-Joon; Yu, Young Suk

    2014-12-01

    To describe the clinical course of congenital aniridia and to evaluate prognostic factors for visual outcome after long-term follow-up. The medical records of 120 eyes from 60 patients with congenital aniridia were retrospectively reviewed. The prevalence and clinical course of ophthalmic characteristics, systemic disease, refractive errors, and visual acuity were assessed. Prognostic factors for final visual outcomes were analyzed. Aniridic keratopathy developed in 82 (69%) of 119 eyes. Macular hypoplasia was observed in 70 eyes of 35 patients (91%). Cataract was observed in 63 of 120 eyes (53%). Nystagmus was present in 41 patients (68% of 60 patients) at the initial visit but decreased in five patients (8% of 60 patients). Ocular hypertension was detected in 19 eyes (20% of 93 eyes), six (32% of 19 eyes) of which developed secondarily after cataract surgery. The mean changes in spherical equivalent and astigmatism during the follow-up period were -1.10 and 1.53 diopter, respectively. The mean final visual acuity was 1.028 logarithm of minimal angle of resolution. Nystagmus and ocular hypertension were identified as prognostic factors for poor visual outcome. Identification of nystagmus and ocular hypertension was important to predict final visual outcome. Based on the high rate of secondary ocular hypertension after cataract surgery, careful management is needed.

  18. Long-term clinical observation of Shotfile software for myopia patients with presbyopia

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    Meng-Fei Hu

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the long-term clinical efficacy of Shotfile software for the myopia patients with presbyopia. METHODS: A total of 43 cases(82 eyesover the age of 35 myopia patients were treated with laser corneal surgery in our hospital, added Shotfile software at the same time, and followed up for 3a. The uncorrected visual acuity(the distance and near vision, diopter change and visual satisfaction rate were observed at 1, 2 and 3a after operation. RESULTS: At 1a after operation, there were 81 eyes(99%with the uncorrected distance visual acuity reached the preoperative best corrected visual acuity, and 75 eyes(91%with the uncorrected near visual acuity above 0.66, the average value of the spherical equivalent was(-0.64±0.63D, the overall satisfaction rate was 91%. At 2a after operation, there were 79 eyes(96%with the uncorrected distance visual acuity reached the preoperative best corrected visual acuity, and 69 eyes(84%with the uncorrected near visual acuity above 0.66, the average value of the spherical equivalent was(-0.62±0.59D, the overall satisfaction rate was 86%. At 3a after operation, There were 77 eyes(94%with the uncorrected distance visual acuity reached the preoperative best corrected visual acuity, and 62 eyes(76%with the uncorrected near visual acuity above 0.66, the average value of the spherical equivalent was(-0.55±0.56D, the overall satisfaction rate was 81%. Intraoperative or postoperative serious complications were not found in all the cases, 1 eye of spherical equivalent with -10.0D was found -1.75D back after 1a, respected the willingness of patient for the second correction. CONCLUSION: Shotfile software for the patients myopia with presbyopia is safe and stable in the long-term clinical treatment, and the patient satisfaction is higher, but the near visual ability of some patients may be weakened with the prolongation of time, preoperative communication with patients should be fully.

  19. Hip Fractures in Long-Term Care: Is the Excess Explained by the Age and Gender Distribution of the Residents?

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    Richard G. Crilly

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. This study compares hip fracture rates in Long Term Care (LTC residents with those in the community to determine if their high rate of fracturing reflects the extreme age and predominantly female nature of that population. Methods. Hospital discharge data in London Ontario (population 350,000 and Statistics Canada data were used to correct the hip fracture rate in the LTC setting for age and gender. Results. The risk of hip fracture is 1.8 times greater in LTC than in the community for people of similar age and gender. The rate in women is 1.5 times higher whereas in men it is 4.3 times higher. In the oldest residents, the risk in men exceeds that of women in LTC. Conclusion. The high hip fracture rate in LTC is not just a reflection of the age and predominantly female nature of this population. The oldest men in LTC are a particularly high risk group, deserving more attention.

  20. Long-term cyclic intravenous iloprost in systemic sclerosis: clinical experience from a single center

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    A. Di Vita

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate response to therapy in 73 patients affected by systemic sclerosis (SSc who underwent long-term cyclic treatment with intravenous iloprost for peripheral vascular involvement (average duration of treatment 54.12±41.04 months. Seventy-three SSc patients were enrolled. Data were collected by reviewing clinical records and by phone or direct interview. Patients underwent a thorough physical examination at the end of follow up. The incidence of severe vascular manifestations was also assessed. Statistical analysis was performed by Wilcoxon’s signed rank test and descriptive statistics using Statview software. In this study cohort, 55 of 73 (75.2% patients had a history of ischemic digital ulcers (DUs; 28 patients (38.4% had active DUs at the beginning of treatment. Skin ulcers healed completely in 25 of 28 patients (89.3% at the end of the first treatment. However, 40 of 55 patients (72.6% relapsed after an average of 24 months. There was a significant correlation between relapse rate and/or number of ulcers and clinical factors (diffuse subset, changes in results of Allen’s test, NT-pro BNP levels. The annual incidence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH was 2.34 (95%CI: 0.94-4.83 per 100 person years, the rate of gangrene was 2.7%, and no cases of scleroderma renal crisis were recorded. The incidence of PAH and of digital gangrene was higher than that observed in unselected SSc case series. These data suggest that our patients treated with iloprost have a higher vascular involvement than large case series of unselected SSc patients. A number of clinical factors are correlated to the severity of vascular involvement and could have an impact on the response to therapy. The clinical significance of these findings requires clarification and further investigation is needed.

  1. Preparing Tomorrow’s Nursing Home Nurses: The Wisconsin-Long Term Care Clinical Scholars Program

    OpenAIRE

    Nolet, Kim; Roberts, Tonya; Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Andrea; Roiland, Rachel; Gullickson, Colleen; Ryther, Brenda; Bowers, Barbara J.

    2014-01-01

    Preparing future nurses to care for the growing population of older adults has become a national priority. The demand for long term care services is expected to double between 2000 and 2040, yet the field remains stigmatized as an undesirable place for highly-skilled nurses to work. Recent efforts to increase student preparation in geriatrics have been shown to improve student attitudes toward working with older adults and increase knowledge, but long term care settings remain unattractive to...

  2. Long-term chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: A randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Jun J; Xie, Sharon X; Keefe, John R; Soeller, Irene; Li, Qing S; Amsterdam, Jay D

    2016-12-15

    Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is one of the most common anxiety disorders treated in primary care, yet current therapies have limited efficacy and substantial side effects. To evaluate long-term chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) use for prevention of GAD symptom relapse. Outpatients from primary care practices and local communities with a primary diagnosis of moderate-to-severe GAD were enrolled for this two-phase study at a large US academic medical center. During Phase 1, eligible participants received 12 weeks of open-label therapy with chamomile pharmaceutical grade extract 1500mg (500mg capsule 3 times daily). During Phase 2, treatment responders were randomized to either 26 weeks of continuation chamomile therapy or placebo in a double-blinded, placebo-substitution design. The primary outcome was time to relapse during continuation therapy, analyzed using Cox proportional hazards. Secondary outcomes included the proportion who relapsed, treatment-emergent adverse events, and vital sign changes. This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT01072344. Between March 1, 2010, and June 30, 2015, we enrolled 179 participants. Of those, 93 (51.9%) were responders and agreed to continue in the double-blind randomized controlled trial. A numerically greater number of placebo-switched (n=12/47; 25.5%) versus chamomile-continuation (n = 7/46; 15.2%) participants relapsed during follow-up. Mean time to relapse was 11.4 ± 8.4 weeks for chamomile and 6.3 ± 3.9 weeks for placebo. Hazard of relapse was non-significantly lower for chamomile (hazard ratio, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.20-1.33; P = 0.16). During follow-up, chamomile participants maintained significantly lower GAD symptoms than placebo (P = 0.0032), with significant reductions in body weight (P = 0.046) and mean arterial blood pressure (P = 0.0063). Both treatments had similar low adverse event rates. Long-term chamomile was safe and significantly reduced moderate

  3. Long-Term Clinical Outcomes after Early Initiation of RRT in Critically Ill Patients with AKI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meersch, Melanie; Küllmar, Mira; Schmidt, Christoph; Gerss, Joachim; Weinhage, Toni; Margraf, Andreas; Ermert, Thomas; Kellum, John A; Zarbock, Alexander

    2017-12-01

    Whether earlier initiation of RRT in critically ill patients with AKI can improve outcomes remains debated. We examined follow-up data from a large clinical trial to prospectively investigate the long-term outcomes associated with the timing of RRT initiation in such patients. We extended the follow-up of patients in the Early Versus Delayed Initiation of RRT in Critically Ill Patients with AKI (ELAIN) Trial from 90 days to 1 year after randomization for 230 (99.6%) patients. The primary outcome was a composite of major adverse kidney events (persistent renal dysfunction, dialysis dependence, and mortality) at 1 year. Secondary outcomes included inflammatory markers. Overall, 72 of 111 (64.9%) and 106 of 119 (89.1%) patients met the primary outcome in the early (stage 2 AKI) and delayed (stage 3 AKI) initiation groups, respectively (odds ratio [OR] with early initiation, 0.23; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.11 to 0.45; P RRT in these critically ill patients with AKI significantly reduced the occurrence of major adverse kidney events, reduced mortality, and enhanced renal recovery at 1 year. Copyright © 2017 by the American Society of Nephrology.

  4. Optimisation of rheumatic disease assessments in clinical trials, clinical care, and long-term databases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Landewé, R. B. M.; van der Heijde, D.

    2014-01-01

    The assessment of disease in rheumatological diseases is rather complicated, because it may involve different contexts (clinical practice, clinical trials, observational studies, registries, etc.) as well as different domains (disease activity, physical function, radiographic damage, quality of

  5. Long-term clinical outcomes of combined BPTB ACL reconstruction and popliteus tendon plasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcacci, Maurilio; Bonanzinga, Tommaso; Grassi, Alberto; Musiani, Costanza; Benzi, Andrea; Marcheggiani Muccioli, Giulio Maria; Vaccari, Vittorio; Zaffagnini, Stefano

    2015-10-01

    A deficiency of posterolateral structures significantly increases the varus load on the ACL, while a chronic ACL lesion, the increased tibial rotation and the repetitive non-physiological knee motion, could affect and damage the integrity of the popliteus tendon. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to report the very long clinical outcomes of a combined single-bundle BPTB ACL reconstruction and popliteus plasty according to Bousquets technique, for the treatment of combined chronic anterior and posterolateral laxities. Fifteen patients that underwent combined ACL reconstruction and popliteal plasty according to Bousquets technique were available at mean 26.8 ± 1.0 years (range 25.4-28.0 years). All the patients were evaluated clinically and 13 by means of KT-1000 Arthrometer as well. Subjective evaluation was performed with the subjective IKDC, WOMAC and a 0-10 VAS for pain scales. At clinical evaluation, 10 patients (67 %) presented a negative anterior drawer test; Lachman test was negative in nine patients (60 %); the varus stress test was negative in eight (53 %); and the dial test was negative in all but one patient (93 %). Only two patients (15 %) presented a side-to-side difference >5 mm at the instrumented laxity evaluation. The combined single-bundle BPTB ACL reconstruction and popliteal plasty according to Bousquets technique were able to produce very good long-term results, in terms of knee stability, subjective outcomes, functional results and return to sport activity, in case of chronic anterior and posterolateral laxities. Retrospective case series, Level IV.

  6. Long-term clinical outcome in patients with acute coronary syndrome and dysglycaemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhl, Jeanette; Jörneskog, Gun; Wemminger, Malin; Bengtsson, Mattias; Lundman, Pia; Kalani, Majid

    2015-09-17

    Diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are major risk factors for atherosclerosis including coronary artery disease (CAD). The present study's aim was to investigate the importance of glucose tolerance for long-term clinical outcome in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). A total 1062 consecutive patients, 781 men and 281 women, aged 32-80 years, admitted to the coronary care unit at Danderyd University Hospital, Stockholm, for ACS from 2006 to 2008 were included. At discharge, the patients were categorized according to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) as having normal glucose tolerance (NGT), n = 295 (28%); impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and IGT, n = 299 (28%); diabetes discovered by OGTT, n = 156 (15%); or known diabetes at admission, n = 312 (29%). Mortality and reinfarction rates were studied during a mean follow-up time of 4.0 (±0.8) years. Clinical outcome data were obtained from the Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry and the Swedish National Registry. There was significantly higher (p < 0.001) mortality within, 30 days, 1 and 3 years in patients with known diabetes as compared to the other groups. During the follow-up, 86 patients (28%) with known diabetes had reinfarction as compared to 36 patients (12%) with NGT and 79 patients (17%) with dysglycaemia (IFG, IGT and diabetes) discovered by OGTT. A majority (72% in this study) of patients admitted for ACS have disturbed glucose metabolism, including diabetes, with high prevalence of previously undiagnosed dysglycaemia. Both patients with known diabetes and dysglycaemia discovered by OGTT show a high risk for poor clinical prognosis.

  7. Immediate and long-term clinical outcome after spinal cord stimulation for refractory stable angina pectoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Pede, Francesco; Lanza, Gaetano Antonio; Zuin, Guerrino; Alfieri, Ottavio; Rapati, Massimo; Romanò, Massimo; Circo, Antonio; Cardano, Paola; Bellocci, Fulvio; Santini, Massimo; Maseri, Attilio

    2003-04-15

    The treatment of patients with angina pectoris refractory to medical therapy and unsuitable for revascularization procedures has yet not been well standardized. Previous retrospective studies and small prospective studies have suggested beneficial effects of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) in these patients. We created a Prospective Italian Registry of SCS to evaluate the short- and long-term clinical outcome of patients who underwent SCS device implantation because of severe refractory angina pectoris. Overall, 104 patients were enrolled in the registry (70 men, aged 68 +/- 17 years), most of whom (83%) had severe coronary artery disease. Average follow-up was 13.2 +/- 8 months. Overall, 17 patients (16%) died, 8 (8%) due to cardiac death. Among clinical variables, only age was found to be significantly associated both with total mortality (p = 0.04) and cardiac mortality (p = 0.02) on Cox regression analysis. A significant improvement of anginal symptoms (> or =50% reduction of weekly anginal episodes, compared with baseline) occurred in 73% of patients, and Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina class improved by > or =1 class in 80% and by > or =2 classes in 42% of patients, with a relevant reduction in the rate of hospital admission and days spent in the hospital because of angina (p <0.0001 for both). No life-threatening or clinically serious complications were observed. The most frequent side effect consisted of superficial infections, either at the site of puncture of electrode insertion or of the abdominal pocket, which occurred in 6 patients. In conclusion, our prospective data point out that SCS can be performed safely and is associated with a sustained improvement of anginal symptoms in a relevant number of patients with refractory stable angina pectoris.

  8. Chronic fatigue syndrome after Giardia enteritis: clinical characteristics, disability and long-term sickness absence

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    Naess Halvor

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A waterborne outbreak of Giardia lamblia gastroenteritis led to a high prevalance of long-lasting fatigue and abdominal symptoms. The aim was to describe the clinical characteristics, disability and employmentloss in a case series of patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS after the infection. Methods Patients who reported persistent fatigue, lowered functional capacity and sickness leave or delayed education after a large community outbreak of giardiasis enteritis in the city of Bergen, Norway were evaluated with the established Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria for CFS. Fatigue was self-rated by the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS. Physical and mental health status and functional impairment was measured by the Medical Outcome Severity Scale-short Form-36 (SF-36. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS was used to measure co-morbid anxiety and depression. Inability to work or study because of fatigue was determined by sickness absence certified by a doctor. Results A total of 58 (60% out of 96 patients with long-lasting post-infectious fatigue after laboratory confirmed giardiasis were diagnosed with CFS. In all, 1262 patients had laboratory confirmed giardiasis. At the time of referral (mean illness duration 2.7 years 16% reported improvement, 28% reported no change, and 57% reported progressive course with gradual worsening. Mean FSS score was 6.6. A distinctive pattern of impairment was documented with the SF-36. The physical functioning, vitality (energy/fatigue and social functioning were especially reduced. Long-term sickness absence from studies and work was noted in all patients. Conclusion After giardiasis enteritis at least 5% developed clinical characteristics and functional impairment comparable to previously described post-infectious fatigue syndrome.

  9. Clinical effects of long-term metreleptin treatment in patients with lipodystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Jean L; Lutz, Karen; Cochran, Elaine; Huang, Wenying; Peters, Yvette; Weyer, Christian; Gorden, Phillip

    2011-01-01

    To evaluate the long-term clinical effect of treatment with metreleptin (an analogue of human leptin) on glycemic and lipid abnormalities and markers of hepatic steatosis in patients with inherited or acquired lipodystrophy. Fifty-five patients (36 with generalized lipodystrophy and 19 with partial lipodystrophy) with at least 1 of 3 metabolic abnormalities (diabetes mellitus, fasting triglyceride level ≥200 mg/dL, and insulin resistance) and low leptin levels received subcutaneous injections of metreleptin once or twice daily in an ongoing clinical trial at the National Institutes of Health. At baseline, hemoglobin A1c-8.5% ± 2.1% (mean ± standard deviation [SD])-and triglycerides-479 ± 80 mg/dL (geometric mean ± standard error [SE])-were substantially elevated. Robust and sustained reductions in both variables were evident for the observed patient population during a 3-year metreleptin treatment period (-2.1% ± 0.5% [mean ± SE] and -35.4% ± 13.7% [mean ± SE], respectively). Mean alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels were elevated at baseline (100 ± 120 U/L and 71 ± 77 U/L [mean ± SD], respectively) and decreased by -45 ± 19 U/L and -33 ± 14 U/L (mean ± SE), respectively, during the 3-year metreleptin treatment period. Improvements in hemoglobin A1c, triglycerides, ALT, and AST were more pronounced in the subsets of patients having elevated levels at baseline. The most notable adverse events observed in this patient population were likely attributable to underlying metabolic abnormalities or comorbidities. Metreleptin treatment substantially reduced glycemic variables, triglycerides, and liver enzymes (ALT and AST) and demonstrated durability of response throughout a 3-year treatment period. These results support metreleptin as a potential treatment for certain metabolic disorders (for example, diabetes mellitus and hypertriglyceridemia) associated with lipodystrophy.

  10. Prime Time: long-term sexual health outcomes of a clinic-linked intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sieving, Renee E; McRee, Annie-Laurie; Secor-Turner, Molly; Garwick, Ann W; Bearinger, Linda H; Beckman, Kara J; McMorris, Barbara J; Resnick, Michael D

    2014-06-01

    Evidence about long-term effects of preventive health services for youth with complex needs is lacking. Prime Time, a youth development intervention, aims to reduce pregnancy risk among vulnerable adolescent females seeking clinic services. In a randomized trial, 253 sexually active females aged 13-17 who were at high risk for pregnancy were assigned to the Prime Time intervention or usual clinic services. The 18-month intervention, initiated in 2007-2008, comprised regular meetings with case managers and participation in youth leadership groups. Trial participants completed surveys at baseline and 30 months. Regression analyses were used to evaluate differences between groups in sexual and psychosocial outcomes at follow-up. At 30 months, the intervention group reported more months of consistent condom use (adjusted means, 1.8 vs. 1.1) and dual contraceptive use (0.9 vs. 0.3) in the past seven months than did controls. The intervention was most effective in promoting consistent use among participants with relatively high levels of connectedness to family or school. Fifteen percent of intervention participants, but only 6% of controls, reported having abstained from sex in the past six months (adjusted odds ratio, 2.9). Moreover, among high school graduates, those in the intervention group were more likely than those in the control group to have enrolled in college or technical school (72% vs. 37%; odds ratio, 4.5). Health services grounded in a youth development framework can lead to reductions in sexual risk among vulnerable youth that are evident one year following conclusion of services. Copyright © 2014 by the Guttmacher Institute.

  11. Clinical Features and Long-Term Outcomes of Unilateral Moyamoya Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qian; Wang, Rong; Liu, Yaping; Zhang, Yan; Wang, Shuo; Cao, Yong; Zhao, Yuanli; Liu, Xingju; Wang, Jia; Deng, Xiaofeng; Gao, Faliang; Yang, Ziwen; Zhao, Meng; Ge, Peicong; Ma, Yonggang; Zhao, Jizong; Zhang, Dong

    2016-12-01

    To elucidate the clinical features, risk factors for contralateral progression, and long-term outcomes of patients with unilateral moyamoya disease (MMD). We retrospectively reviewed 109 patients with unilateral MMD treated at Beijing Tiantan Hospital. Clinical features, radiologic findings, and outcomes were analyzed. The mean age at diagnosis was 30.8 ± 14.2 years with a one-peak distribution in the thirties. The ratio of women to men was 1.1:1. Familial occurrence was 5.5%. The primary symptoms at initial presentation were transient ischemic attack (39.4%), infarction (22%), and hemorrhage (26.6%). The distribution of the initial Suzuki stage was as follows: stage 2, n = 33; stage 3, n = 35; stage 4, n = 27; stage 5, n = 11, and stage 6, n = 3. Contralateral abnormality on initial angiography occurred in 19 adult patients (17.4%). Posterior cerebral artery involvement was observed in 28 (25.7%) patients. During the average follow-up of 43.8 ± 21.3 months, contralateral progression was observed in 18 patients (16.5%). Contralateral abnormalities (P = 0.033) on initial angiography and infarction at initial presentation (P = 0.041) were significantly associated with contralateral progression in adults and children, respectively. Approximately 91.7% of patients had a modified Rankin Scale score of 0-2 during follow-up. A one-peak pattern in age distribution, lower grade of Suzuki stage, fewer familial cases, and posterior cerebral artery involvement were observed in patients with unilateral MMD. Contralateral abnormalities on initial angiography and infarction at onset were risk factors for contralateral progression in adult and pediatric patients, respectively. Good functional outcomes can be anticipated in the vast majority of surgically treated patients. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Long-Term Clinical Outcomes of Silzone Era St. Jude Medical Mechanical Heart Valves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, J Matthew; Zhao, Yue; Williams, Judson; O'Brien, Sean; Dokholyan, Rachel; Gammie, James; Edwards, Fred; Loyo-Berrios, Nilsa; Canos, Daniel; Gross, Thomas; Marinac-Dabic, Danica; Peterson, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Since the voluntary recall of St. Jude Medical (SJM) Silzone impregnated heart valves, no large-scale study has examined their long-term outcomes. Using Medicare-linked records from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database (1993-2004), the clinical outcomes were evaluated through eight years among those patients who received SJM mechanical heart valves during the Silzone era (March 1998 to December 1999; n = 3,775), relative to those in both the pre-Silzone era (January 1993 to February 1998; n = 13,570) and the post-Silzone era (January 2000 to December 2004; n = 6,882). An inverse probability weighting was used to balance the observed differences in case mix. During the Silzone era, 79% of all implanted mechanical heart valves were manufactured by SJM. By eight years post-implantation, the most common adverse events in this Medicare-linked cohort (median age 71 years) were death (43.5%) and thromboembolism (14.7%), while valve reoperation (1.7%) and endocarditis (1.4%) were less common. Patients treated during the Silzone era experienced a lower associated risk of mortality to eight years than those in both the pre-Silzone era (adjusted hazards ratio (HR) 0.93, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.88-0.98) and post-Silzone era (adjusted HR 0.92, CI 0.67-0.98), while the adjusted eight-year risks of reoperation, thromboembolism and endocarditis were similar across the three eras for the overall cohort and among both aortic valve and mitral valve patients. Medicare patients who received SJM mechanical heart valves during the Silzone era experienced similar clinical outcomes as those treated before or after the Silzone era. These data do not substantiate continued public health concerns associated with Silzone era valve prostheses among older individuals.

  13. Are there long-term benefits in following stable heart failure patients in a heart failure clinic?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leetmaa, Tina; Villadsen, Henrik; Mikkelsen, Kirsten

    2008-01-01

    Objectives and Design. This study describes the long-term outcome of 163 patients with stable mild to moderate heart failure (NYHA II-III), who already were enrolled in a heart failure clinic and now were randomized to continued follow-up in the heart failure (HF) clinic or else to usual care (UC...

  14. Long-term quality assurance of fMRI and MRS on a 3.0T clinical scanner

    OpenAIRE

    García-Polo, Pablo; Garcia, F.; Hernández Tamames, J.A.; García Álvarez, R.; Alvarez Linera, Juan

    2012-01-01

    Functional MRI (fMRI) and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) are being increasingly used in clinical protocols. Subsequenly it is crucial to develop a routine quality assurance protocol (QA)of both techniques. This work describes a long-term variability study, as apart of the QA of fMRI and MRS on our institution clinical 3.0 T MR scanner.

  15. Long-Term Clinical Outcome of Internal Globus Pallidus Deep Brain Stimulation for Dystonia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hye Ran Park

    Full Text Available GPi (Internal globus pallidus DBS (deep brain stimulation is recognized as a safe, reliable, reversible and adjustable treatment in patients with medically refractory dystonia.This report describes the long-term clinical outcome of 36 patients implanted with GPi DBS at the Neurosurgery Department of Seoul National University Hospital.Nine patients with a known genetic cause, 12 patients with acquired dystonia, and 15 patients with isolated dystonia without a known genetic cause were included. When categorized by phenomenology, 29 patients had generalized, 5 patients had segmental, and 2 patients had multifocal dystonia. Patients were assessed preoperatively and at defined follow-up examinations postoperatively, using the Burke-Fahn-Marsden dystonia rating scale (BFMDRS for movement and functional disability assessment. The mean follow-up duration was 47 months (range, 12-84.The mean movement scores significantly decreased from 44.88 points preoperatively to 26.45 points at 60-month follow up (N = 19, P = 0.006. The mean disability score was also decreased over time, from 11.54 points preoperatively to 8.26 points at 60-month follow up, despite no statistical significance (N = 19, P = 0.073. When analyzed the movement and disability improvement rates at 12-month follow up point, no significant difference was noted according to etiology, disease duration, age at surgery, age of onset, and phenomenology. However, the patients with DYT-1 dystonia and isolated dystonia without a known genetic cause showed marked improvement.GPi DBS is a safe and efficient therapeutic method for treatment of dystonia patients to improve both movement and disability. However, this study has some limitations caused by the retrospective design with small sample size in a single-center.

  16. The impact of sinusitis on the long-term clinical outcomes of asthma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Min-Hye; Jung, Jae-Woo; Cho, Sang-Heon; Min, Kyung-Up

    2014-01-01

    Background Upper respiratory diseases have been linked with lower respiratory diseases. However, the long-term effect of sinusitis on the clinical outcomes of asthma has not been fully evaluated. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of sinusitis on the disease progression of asthma. Methods Seventy-five asthmatic patients confirmed with the methacholine bronchial provocation test or bronchodilator response were included. The study patients underwent paranasal sinus x-ray upon their asthma evaluation and they visited the hospital at least 3 years or longer. We retrospectively reviewed their medical records and compared data according to the presence of comorbid sinusitis. Results Among the 75 asthmatic subjects, 38 subjects (50.7%) had radiologic evidence of sinusitis. Asthmatics with sinusitis had significantly lower forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1; 79.2% vs. 88.2%) and PC20 values (5.2 mg/mL vs. 8.9 mg/mL) compared to asthmatics without sinusitis at the time of diagnosis. This difference in FEV1 disappeared (82.6% vs. 87.2%) in the 3-year follow-up, although FEV1 was more variable (31.7% vs. 23.5%) and worst FEV1 was also significantly lower in patients with sinusitis compared to those without (70.9% vs. 79.0%). There were no significant differences in the number of hospital visits, acute exacerbations, and scores for the asthma control test. Conclusion Although sinusitis was associated with lower baseline lung function and higher hyperreactivity, sinusitis was not related with significant deterioration in lung function over 3 years of follow-up. Asthmatics with sinusitis showed more variability in lung function during the follow-up period. Healthcare utilization was not different except antibiotics use. PMID:25379482

  17. Neurocognitive function in clinically stable individuals with long-term bipolar I disorder: Comparisons with schizophrenia patients and controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Pei-Yun; Wang, Peng-Wei; Chen, Cheng-Sheng; Yen, Cheng-Fang

    2017-05-01

    This study compared the levels of the five domains of neurocognitive function-executive function, attention, memory, verbal comprehension, and perceptual organization-among clinically stable individuals with long-term bipolar I disorder, individuals with long-term schizophrenia, and a group of controls. We recruited a total of 93 clinically stable individuals with bipolar I disorder, 94 individuals with schizophrenia, and 106 controls in this study. Their neurocognitive function was measured using a series of neurocognitive function tests: the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III), Line Cancellation Test, Visual Form Discrimination, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Continuous Performance Task, and Wechsler Memory Scale-Third Edition. Neurocognitive function was compared among the three groups through a multivariate analysis of variance. The results indicated that when the effect of age was controlled, clinically stable individuals with bipolar I disorder and those with schizophrenia demonstrated poor neurocognitive function on all tests except for the WAIS-III Similarity and Information and the Line Cancellation Test. The individuals with bipolar I disorder had similar levels of neurocognitive function compared with the schizophrenia group, but higher levels of neurocognitive function on the WAIS-III Comprehension, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, and Wechsler Memory Scale-Third Edition Auditory Immediate and Delayed Index and Visual Immediate and Delayed Index. The conclusions of this study suggest that compared with controls, individuals with long-term bipolar I disorder and those with long-term schizophrenia have poorer neurocognitive function, even when clinically stable. Individuals with long-term bipolar I disorder and those with long-term schizophrenia have similar levels of deficits in several domains of neurocognitive function. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Taiwan.

  18. Neurocognitive function in clinically stable individuals with long-term bipolar I disorder: Comparisons with schizophrenia patients and controls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei-Yun Lin

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This study compared the levels of the five domains of neurocognitive function—executive function, attention, memory, verbal comprehension, and perceptual organization—among clinically stable individuals with long-term bipolar I disorder, individuals with long-term schizophrenia, and a group of controls. We recruited a total of 93 clinically stable individuals with bipolar I disorder, 94 individuals with schizophrenia, and 106 controls in this study. Their neurocognitive function was measured using a series of neurocognitive function tests: the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale—Third Edition (WAIS-III, Line Cancellation Test, Visual Form Discrimination, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Continuous Performance Task, and Wechsler Memory Scale—Third Edition. Neurocognitive function was compared among the three groups through a multivariate analysis of variance. The results indicated that when the effect of age was controlled, clinically stable individuals with bipolar I disorder and those with schizophrenia demonstrated poor neurocognitive function on all tests except for the WAIS-III Similarity and Information and the Line Cancellation Test. The individuals with bipolar I disorder had similar levels of neurocognitive function compared with the schizophrenia group, but higher levels of neurocognitive function on the WAIS-III Comprehension, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, and Wechsler Memory Scale—Third Edition Auditory Immediate and Delayed Index and Visual Immediate and Delayed Index. The conclusions of this study suggest that compared with controls, individuals with long-term bipolar I disorder and those with long-term schizophrenia have poorer neurocognitive function, even when clinically stable. Individuals with long-term bipolar I disorder and those with long-term schizophrenia have similar levels of deficits in several domains of neurocognitive function.

  19. Estimating the relevance of world disturbances to explain savings, interference and long-term motor adaptation effects.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Max Berniker

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies suggest that motor adaptation is the result of multiple, perhaps linear processes each with distinct time scales. While these models are consistent with some motor phenomena, they can neither explain the relatively fast re-adaptation after a long washout period, nor savings on a subsequent day. Here we examined if these effects can be explained if we assume that the CNS stores and retrieves movement parameters based on their possible relevance. We formalize this idea with a model that infers not only the sources of potential motor errors, but also their relevance to the current motor circumstances. In our model adaptation is the process of re-estimating parameters that represent the body and the world. The likelihood of a world parameter being relevant is then based on the mismatch between an observed movement and that predicted when not compensating for the estimated world disturbance. As such, adapting to large motor errors in a laboratory setting should alert subjects that disturbances are being imposed on them, even after motor performance has returned to baseline. Estimates of this external disturbance should be relevant both now and in future laboratory settings. Estimated properties of our bodies on the other hand should always be relevant. Our model demonstrates savings, interference, spontaneous rebound and differences between adaptation to sudden and gradual disturbances. We suggest that many issues concerning savings and interference can be understood when adaptation is conditioned on the relevance of parameters.

  20. Next-generation long-term transplant clinics: improving resource utilization and the quality of care through health information technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rioth, M J; Warner, J; Savani, B N; Jagasia, M

    2016-01-01

    By the year 2020, potentially one-half a million hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients will need long-term follow-up care to address not only chronic GvHD but also multiple other late consequences of transplant. Despite this increase in patients, there will not be a concomitant increase in the HCT workforce. Thus, the future of long-term patient management will require a new 'next-generation' clinical model that utilizes technological solutions to make the care of the HCT patient efficient, safe and cost-effective. Guideline-based decision support will be embedded in clinical workflows. Documentation requirements will be reduced as automated data collection from electronic medical records (EMRs) will populate registries and provide feedback for a rapid learning health system. Interoperable EMRs will disseminate treatment protocols to multiple care providers in a distributed long-term clinic model, such that providers outside of the transplant center can provide services closer to the patient. Patients will increase their participatory role through patient portals and mobile devices. At Vanderbilt, we have responded to some of these future challenges by embedding guideline-based decision support, structuring clinical documentation and being early adopters of communication technology. This manuscript describes the current state of some of these innovations, and a vision for the future of the long-term transplant clinic.

  1. Radiating low back pain in general practice : Incidence, prevalence, diagnosis, and long-term clinical course of illness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spijker-Huiges, Antje; Groenhof, Feikje; Winters, Jan C.; van Wijhe, Marten; Groenier, Klaas H.; van der Meer, Klaas

    Objective. The aim of this study was to calculate the incidence and prevalence of radiating low back pain, to explore the long-term clinical course of radiating low back pain including the influence of radiculopathy (in a subsample of the study population) and non-radiating low back pain thereon,

  2. 75 FR 21301 - Office of Clinical and Preventive Services; Elder Care Initiative Long-Term Care Grant Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Indian Health Service Office of Clinical and Preventive Services; Elder Care Initiative Long-Term Care Grant Program Announcement Type: New. Funding Announcement Number: HHS-2010-IHS-EHC-0001...

  3. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of benzodiazepine long-term users: Results from a tertiary care center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosci, F; Mansueto, G; Faccini, M; Casari, R; Lugoboni, F

    2016-08-01

    The use of benzodiazepines (BDZs) represents a critical issue since a long-term treatment may lead to dependence. This study aimed at evaluating socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of BZD long-term users who followed a detoxification program at a tertiary care center. Two hundred-five inpatients were evaluated. Socio-demographic (e.g., gender, age, education) and clinical information (e.g., BZD used, dose, reason of prescription) was collected. BZDs dose was standardized as diazepam dose equivalents and was compared via the Defined Daily Dose (DDD). Chi-square, Fisher test, ANOVA and Bonferroni analyses were performed. Females were more frequently BDZ long-term users than males. Hypnotic BZDs were frequently prescribed for problems different from sleep disturbances. Lorazepam, alprazolam, and lormetazepam were the most prescribed drugs. Lorazepam was more frequently used by males, consumed for a long period, in pills, and prescribed for anxiety. Lormetazepam was more frequently consumed by females with a high school education, having a psychiatric disorder, taken in drops and prescribed for insomnia. Lormetazepam had the highest DDD. A specific profile of BZD long-term user seems to exist and presents different socio-demographic and clinical characteristics according to the benzodiazepine taken into account. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Long-term symptoms in dizzy patients examined in a university clinic

    OpenAIRE

    Wilhelmsen, Kjersti Thulin; Ljunggren, Anne Elisabeth; Goplen, Frederik Kragerud; Eide, Geir Egil; Nordahl, Stein Helge G

    2009-01-01

    Background: The long-term course of dizziness was investigated combining medical chart and survey data. The survey was undertaken median (interquartile range (IQR)) 4.6 (4.3) years after the initial medical examination. Methods: Chart data comprised sex, age, diagnosis, symptom duration, postural sway and neck pain. Survey data comprised symptom severity assessed by the Vertigo Symptom Scale – Short Form (VSS-SF), and data regarding current state of dizziness, medication, neck pai...

  5. A clinical case study of long-term injury of the thoracic and lumbar spine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir V Zaretskov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Overestimation of the efficacy of conservative treatment of spine injuries children often leads to unsatisfactory long-term results. The effective correction of post-traumatic spinal column deformities occurs in patients who undergo the operation in the early post-traumatic period. While choosing treatment strategies for children, higher reparative opportunities, which provide early fracture consolidation, including those in faulty positions, should be considered. This study presents a case of surgical treatment for uncomplicated injury of the thoracic and lumbar spine, with long-term compression fragmental fracture of the L1 vertebra body in a 12-year-old child. Due to the long-standing character of the injury right thoraco-frenotomy was conducted with partial L1 vertebral body and resection of the adjacent discs, deformity correction of the thoracic and lumbar spine with a transpedicular system, and ventral spondylodesis with an autograft. This extensive intervention was justified by the peculiarities in the vertebral body damage and the post-traumatic segmental kyphotic deformity that resulted from delayed medical treatment. An anterior approach was chosen to achieve immobilization at the site of the damage before correction using the transpedicular system. Surgical correction of long-term spinal injuries in children, with the use of a combined approach, is usually laborious and traumatic. The prevention of rigid post-traumatic spine deformities with the help of timely diagnostics and appropriate treatment, including surgery, should be a priority to prevent such cases.

  6. Blastocystis hominis infection in long-term care facilities in Taiwan: prevalence and associated clinical factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Fu-Hsiung; Chu, Fang-Yeh; Li, Chung-Yi; Tang, Hui-Fei; Lin, Yu-Shiang; Peng, Yu-Ju; Su, Yih-Ming; Lee, Shyh-Dye

    2009-10-01

    Blastocystis hominis is probably the most common protozoan found in the human gut worldwide. In Taiwan, the prevalence of B. hominis infection is yet to be determined but is expected to be relatively higher among foreign workers. No data is available on the prevalence of B. hominis infection in long-term care facilities in Taiwan. This study included 713 subjects (552 residents and 161 care workers) from ten long-term care facilities in Taiwan who completed stool microscopic examinations with Merthiolate-iodine-formalin stain technique. The prevalence rate of blastocystosis was the highest among foreign and domestic care workers followed by residents (12.2%, 4.6%, and 2.7%, respectively). Older age (p = 0.04) and lower educational level (p = 0.008) were significantly associated with blastocystosis among care workers. Among residents, B. hominis infection was negatively associated with prolonged use of antibiotics within 3 months prior to examination (p = 0.05) and positively associated with tracheostomy in-place (p = 0.028). In conclusion, B. hominis infection was the most prevalent intestinal parasitic infection among both care workers and residents of long-term care facilities in Taiwan. Use of antibiotics was negatively associated with B. hominis infection among residents. Additionally, appropriate preventive measures should be implemented to older care workers with lesser educational attainment in order to reduce the risk of blastocystosis infection.

  7. The long-term effects of bibliotherapy in depression treatment: Systematic review of randomized clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gualano, M R; Bert, F; Martorana, M; Voglino, G; Andriolo, V; Thomas, R; Gramaglia, C; Zeppegno, P; Siliquini, R

    2017-12-01

    Literature shows bibliotherapy can be helpful for moderate depression treatment. The aim of this systematic review is to verify the long-term effects of bibliotherapy. After bibliographic research, we included RCTs articles about bibliotherapy programme treatment of depression published in English language between 1990 and July 2017. All RCTs were assessed with Cochrane's Risk of Bias tool. Ten articles (reporting 8 studies involving 1347 subjects) out of 306 retrieved results were included. All studies analyze the effects of bibliotherapy after follow-up periods ranging from 3months to 3years and show quiet good quality in methods and analyses. The treatment was compared to standard treatments or no intervention in all studies. After long-term period follow-ups, six studies, including adults, reported a decrease of depressive symptoms, while four studies including young people did not show significant results. Bibliotherapy appears to be effective in the reduction of adults depressive symptoms in the long-term period, providing an affordable prompt treatment that could reduce further medications. The results of the present review suggest that bibliotherapy could play an important role in the treatment of a serious mental health issue. Further studies should be conducted to strengthen the evidence of bibliotherapy's efficacy. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Retrospective evaluation of the long-term outcome of non-surgical management of 74 dogs with clinical hip dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, M; Clements, D N; Mellor, D; Gemmill, T; Clarke, S P; Arnott, J L; Bennett, D; Carmichael, S

    2007-04-14

    The long-term outcome for dogs treated non-surgically for clinical signs of canine hip dysplasia were evaluated retrospectively; 74 dogs were evaluated by a postal questionnaire sent to their owners, and 24 of these were also evaluated by a veterinary clinical examination. A total of 11 outcome variables were evaluated. Depending on the variable assessed, between 31 (41.9 per cent) and 49 (66.2 per cent) of the dogs remained clinically affected according to their owner's assessment, and between 17 (70.8 per cent) and 23 (95.8 per cent) of the 24 dogs had abnormalities attributed to hip osteoarthritis according to the veterinary assessment. Orthopaedic abnormalities other than hip dysplasia affected 17 of the 24 dogs. Long-term medications had been prescribed for the treatment of clinical signs associated with hip dysplasia in 41 of the 74 dogs.

  9. Cardiac paraganglioma: clinical presentation, diagnostic approach and factors affecting short and long-term outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Muhammad Fahad; Datta, Subhajit; Chisti, Mohammad Muhsin; Movahed, Mohammad Reza

    2013-06-20

    We describe our experience of the case of a young female who presented with chest pain and was found to have an intra-pericardial mass that was later confirmed to be a paraganglioma. Although preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) did not show any left atrial invasion, the patient died in the peri-operative period due to irreparable damage of the cardiac structures from extensive neoplastic invasion. We then performed a retrospective analysis of the available literature to find the factors associated with adverse surgical and long-term outcomes in patients with cardiac paraganglioma. We found 93 case reports of cardiac and/or pericardial paragangliomas in the literature. After exclusions, 82 cases were included in the final analysis. The patients were divided into two groups based on the outcome of surgical management. Univariate analysis was performed using SPSS software (Chicago, IL version 18), and the statistical significance was defined as a p-valueparameters between the deceased and the surviving patients revealed that only the intra-cardiac location (p-value=0.021) and the development of metastases (p-valuestructures does not appear to affect short-or long-term survival in these patients. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed excellent long-term prognosis for patients with a complete surgical removal of the neoplasm. Based on our experience, we also suggest preoperative imaging with a three dimensional cardiac CT and evaluation for cardiac transplantation before embarking on the surgical resection of these tumors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

  10. Radiological and clinical predictors of long-term outcome in rotator cuff calcific tendinitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Witte, Pieter Bas; van Adrichem, Raymond A; Selten, Jasmijn W; Nagels, Jochem; Reijnierse, M; Nelissen, Rob G H H

    2016-10-01

    Knowledge on the epidemiology and long-term course of rotator cuff calcific tendinitis (RCCT) is scarce. We assessed demographics, radiological characteristics, and their association with long-term outcomes in a large patient group. Baseline demographics, radiological characteristics and treatment were recorded in 342 patients. Interobserver agreement of radiological measures was analyzed. Long-term outcome was evaluated with questionnaires (WORC, DASH). The association of baseline characteristics with outcome was assessed. Mean age was 49.0 (SD = 10.0), and 59.5 % were female. The dominant arm was affected in 66.0 %, and 21.3 % had bilateral disease. Calcifications were on average 18.7 mm (SD = 10.1, ICC = 0.84 (p < 0.001)) and located 10.1 mm (SD = 11.8) medially to the acromion (ICC = 0.77 (p < 0.001)). Gärtner type I calcifications were found in 32.1 % (Kappa = 0.47 (p < 0.001)). After 14 years (SD = 7.1) of follow-up, median WORC was 72.5 (range, 3.0-100.0; WORC < 60 in 42 %) and median DASH 17.0 (range, 0.0-82.0). Female gender, dominant arm involvement, bilateral disease, longer duration of symptoms, and multiple calcifications were associated with inferior WORC. DASH results were similar. Many subjects have persisting shoulder complaints years after diagnosis, regardless of treatment. Female gender, dominant arm involvement, bilateral disease, longer duration of symptoms, and multiple calcifications were associated with inferior outcome. Radiological measures had moderate-to-good reliability and no prognostic value. • Most RCCT studies report on short-term outcome and/or small patients groups. • In this large, long-term observational study, RCCT appeared to not be self-limiting in many subjects. • Negative prognostic factors included female gender, more calcifications, dominant arm affected, and longer duration of symptoms. • Interobserver agreement of general radiological RCCT measures is

  11. Clinically apparent long-term electric disturbances in the acute and very long-term of patent foramen ovale device-based closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigatelli, Gianluca; Zuin, Marco; Pedon, Luigi; Zecchel, Roberto; Dell'Avvocata, Fabio; Carrozza, Antonio; Zennaro, Marco; Pastore, Gianni; Zanon, Francesco

    2017-03-01

    Incidence of electrical disturbances in patients submitted to transcatheter patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure has not been fully clarified in a large population. The aim of the study is to assess the incidence of atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachi-arrhythmias, and atrio-ventricular block in the acute and very long-term follow-up. We reviewed the medical and instrumental data of 1000 consecutive patients (mean age 47.3±17.1years) prospectively enrolled in two centers over a 13-year period (February 1999 to February 2012) for right-to-left (R-to-L) shunt ICE-aided catheter-based closure using different devices. Successful transcatheter PFO closure was achieved in 99.8% of the patients. Implanted devices were: Amplatzer PFO Occluder in 463 patients (46.3%), Amplatzer ASD Cribriform Occluder in 420 patients (42.0%), Premere Occlusion System in 95 patients (9.5%), and Biostar Occluder in 22 patients (2.2%). Postprocedural electrical complications occurred in 5.9% of patients. The only independent predictors of electrophysiological complications were female gender (OR 2.3, 0.5-5.1 [95% CI], p30mm (OR 5.0, 1.2-7.2 [95% CI], pgender (OR 2.3, 0.5-5.1 [95% CI], p30mm (OR 5.0, 1.2-7.2 [95% CI], p<0.001). Device-based closure of PFO using different devices, appeared very safe from an electrophysiological point of view with low incidence of electrical disturbances even in the very long-term follow-up. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Long-Term Clinical Practice Experience with Cinacalcet for Treatment of Hypercalcemic Hyperparathyroidism after Kidney Transplantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gessl, Alois; Borchhardt, Kyra

    2015-01-01

    Within this prospective, open-label, self-controlled study, we evaluated the long-term effects of the calcimimetic cinacalcet on calcium and phosphate homeostasis in 44 kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) with hypercalcemic hyperparathyroidism by comparing biochemical parameters of mineral metabolism between pre- and posttreatment periods. Results are described as mean differences (95% CIs) between pre- and posttreatment medians that summarize all repeated measurements of a parameter of interest between the date of initial hypercalcemia and cinacalcet initiation (median of 1.6 (IQR: 0.6–3.8) years) and up to four years after treatment start, respectively. Cinacalcet was initiated after 1.8 (0.8–4.7) years posttransplant and maintained for 6.2 (3.9–7.6) years. It significantly decreased total serum calcium (−0.30 (−0.34 to −0.26) mmol/L, P hyperparathyroidism in KTRs in the long-term and increased low Pi levels without causing hyperphosphatemia, pointing towards a novel indication for the use of cinacalcet in KTRs. PMID:25861621

  13. Computerised clinical decision support systems to improve medication safety in long-term care homes: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Marasinghe, Keshini Madara

    2015-01-01

    Objectives Computerised clinical decision support systems (CCDSS) are used to improve the quality of care in various healthcare settings. This systematic review evaluated the impact of CCDSS on improving medication safety in long-term care homes (LTC). Medication safety in older populations is an important health concern as inappropriate medication use can elevate the risk of potentially severe outcomes (ie, adverse drug reactions, ADR). With an increasing ageing population, greater use of LT...

  14. Oral teriflunomide in the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis: clinical evidence and long-term experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Aaron E

    2017-12-01

    Key objectives in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) include prevention of relapses, a reduction in the accumulation of disability and slowing of the brain volume loss that occurs from the earliest stages of the disease. Teriflunomide, a once-daily, oral immunomodulatory therapy, has demonstrated efficacy across multiple measures of disease activity and worsening in patients with relapsing forms of MS and in those with a first clinical episode suggestive of MS. In this review, the latest evidence relating to the proposed mechanism of action of teriflunomide in MS is explored, including novel insights provided from the recently completed Teri-DYNAMIC study. Key clinical and magnetic resonance imaging data from the completed long-term extensions of the phase II and III (TEMSO, TOWER and TOPIC) studies are highlighted, and the long-term safety profile of teriflunomide, as evidenced by data from these extension studies, is presented. Although randomized clinical trials represent the highest level of evidence to support the use of therapeutic interventions, it is also important to understand the performance of a particular treatment in the real-world setting. In this regard, the results of the recently completed, global, phase IV Teri-PRO study are of particular interest and provide further insights into the benefits of teriflunomide treatment from the patient perspective. Collectively, the data presented in this review demonstrate a favorable benefit-risk profile for teriflunomide, thereby supporting its long-term use for the treatment of patients with relapsing forms of MS.

  15. Clinical Long-Term Outcome and Reinterventional Rate After Uterine Fibroid Embolization with Nonspherical Versus Spherical Polyvinyl Alcohol Particles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duvnjak, Stevo, E-mail: stevo.duvnjak@rsyd.dk [Odense University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Denmark); Ravn, Pernille [Odense University Hospital, Department of Gynecology (Denmark); Green, Anders [Odense University Hospital, Odense Patient Data Explorative Network (Denmark); Andersen, Poul Erik [Odense University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Denmark)

    2016-02-15

    PurposeThis study was designed to evaluate the long-term clinical outcome and frequency of reinterventions in patients with uterine fibroids treated with embolization at a single center using polyvinyl alcohol microparticles.MethodsThe study included all patients with symptomatic uterine fibroids treated with uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) with spherical (s-PVA) and nonspherical (ns-PVA) polyvinyl alcohol microparticles during the period January 2001 to January 2011. Clinical success and secondary interventions were examined. Hospital records were reviewed during follow-up, and symptom-specific questionnaires were sent to all patients.ResultsIn total, 515 patients were treated with UFE and 350 patients (67 %) were available for long-term clinical follow-up. Median time of follow-up was 93 (range 76–120.2) months. Eighty-five patients (72 %) had no reinterventions during follow-up in the group embolized with ns-PVA compared with 134 patients (58 %) treated with s-PVA. Thirty-three patients (28 %) underwent secondary interventions in the ns-PVA group compared with 98 patients (42 %) in s-PVA group (χ{sup 2} test, p < 0.01).ConclusionsSpherical PVA particles 500–700 µm showed high reintervention rate at long-term follow-up, and almost one quarter of the patients underwent secondary interventions, suggesting that this type of particle is inappropriate for UFE.

  16. Long Term Clinical Prognostic Factors in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis: Insights from a 10-Year Observational Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Bsteh

    Full Text Available Multiple sclerosis (MS has a highly heterogenic course making prediction of long term outcome very difficult.The objective was to evaluate current and identify additional clinical factors that are linked to long term outcome of relapsing-remitting MS assessed by disability status 10 years after disease onset.This observational study included 793 patients with relapsing-remitting MS. Clinical factors hypothesized to influence long term outcome measured by EDSS scores 10 years after disease onset were analysed by Kaplan-Meier-estimates. Multinomial logistic regression models regarding mild (EDSS ≤2.5, moderate (EDSS 3.0-5.5 or severe (EDSS ≥6.0 disability were calculated to correct for confounders.Secondary progression was the strongest predictor of severe disability (Hazard ratio [HR] 503.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 160.0-1580.1; p<0.001. Complete remission of neurological symptoms at onset reduced the risk of moderate disability (HR 0.42; CI 0.23-0.77; p = 0.005, while depression (HR 3.59; CI 1.14-11.24; p = 0.028 and cognitive dysfunction (HR 4.64; CI 1.11-19.50; p = 0.036 10 years after disease onset were associated with severe disability. Oligoclonal bands and pregnancy were not correlated with disability.We were able to identify clinically apparent chronic depression and cognitive dysfunction to be associated with adverse long term outcome in MS and to confirm that pregnancy has no negative impact. Additionally, we emphasize the positive predictive value of complete remission of initial symptoms.

  17. Long-term Impact of Ixekizumab on Psoriasis Itch Severity: Results from a Phase III Clinical Trial and Long-term Extension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra B. Kimball

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Itching is a prevalent plaque psoriasis symptom. Ixekizumab, an IL-17A antagonist, has demonstrated rapid, significant improvements in itch severity over 12 weeks in Phase III psoriasis trials (UNCOVER-1, UNCOVER-2. We assessed the long-term (through 60 weeks effect of ixekizumab maintenance therapy (80-mg ixekizumab every 4 weeks [IXEQ4W] on itch severity, using the Itch Numeric Rating Scale, in psoriasis patients who received ixekizumab, placebo, or etanercept for 12 weeks in the Phase III UNCOVER-3 trial. After 12 weeks, patients either continued or switched to IXEQ4W. Mean improvements in itch severity achieved with 12 weeks of ixekizumab (–4.7 to –5.1 were maintained through 60 weeks with IXEQ4W (–4.9 to –5.0. Patients who initially received placebo or etanercept experienced rapid itch severity improvements after switching to ixekizumab at Week 12 (Week 12, placebo: –0.6; etanercept: –3.8; Week 60, placebo/IXEQ4W: –4.9; etanercept/IXEQ4W: –4.7. Ixekizumab maintenance therapy sustained improvements in itch severity through 60 weeks.

  18. Long-term drug survival and clinical effectiveness of etanercept treatment in patients with ankylosing spondylitis in daily clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arends, Suzanne; Brouwer, Elisabeth; Efde, Monique; van der Veer, Eveline; Bootsma, Hendrika; Wink, Freke; Spoorenberg, Anneke

    2017-01-01

    Randomised controlled trials and open-label extension studies have demonstrated the clinical efficacy and safety of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) blocking therapy in pre-selected study patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Our aim was to investigate the 7-year drug survival and clinical effectiveness of etanercept treatment in AS patients in daily clinical practice. Consecutive AS patients from the prospective observational GLAS cohort who started etanercept because of active disease were included and evaluated over 7 years according to a fixed protocol. Continuation of treatment was based on BASDAI improvement and/or expert opinion. Of the 89 included AS patients, 45 (51%) were still using etanercept at 7 years of follow-up. Reasons for treatment discontinuation were adverse events (n=22), inefficacy (n=13), or other reasons although good clinical response (n=9). Etanercept treatment resulted in a rapid (after 6 weeks) and sustained improvement in disease activity (BASDAI, ASDAS, CRP, physician GDA), spinal mobility, physical function (BASFI), quality of life (ASQoL), and extra-spinal manifestations (swollen joints, tender joints and tender entheses). Furthermore, concomitant NSAID or DMARD use decreased significantly during follow-up. At 7 years, low disease activity and remission were present in 67-73% and 29-30% of the 45 patients, respectively. Of the patients who discontinued etanercept, 18 switched successfully to a second or third TNF-α blocker during follow-up. In a large cohort of AS patients treated with etanercept, approximately 50% continued this treatment for 7 years. Our broad evaluation of clinical endpoints proves the long-term effectiveness of etanercept treatment in daily clinical practice.

  19. A qualitative study on the background of long-term maintenance patients at a private Japanese dental clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Tomotaka; Sugiyama, Seiichi; Makino, Michiko; Naito, Toru

    2016-04-01

    Continued periodontal maintenance after active therapy is highly important for maintaining a healthy oral function. In Japan, the rate of consultation for periodontal maintenance is remarkably low compared to other developed countries. This study analyzed the relationship between long-term maintenance and patient background characteristics in an effort to identify ways to increase the rate of consultation for periodontal maintenance in Japan. Thirty-three long-term maintenance patients were interviewed. The interviews were recorded on video. The conversation between the patient and the interviewer was converted to text, and the data were qualitatively analyzed using the Steps for Coding and Theorization (SCAT) method. The mean age of the patients was 61.4 years and the average duration of maintenance was 10.7 years. The majority (90.9 %) of patients cared about their dietary habits, and 72.7 % of the patients understood the importance of physical activity. All of the patients wished to continue the maintenance, and 72.7 % of patients had good feelings about the staff of the dental clinic. However, their recognition of the description of primary prevention was low, with a response rate of only 21.2 %. The long-term maintenance patients had a high level of consciousness regarding their health and good feelings about the staff of the dental clinic. Oral hygienists, who are the main staff involved in periodontal maintenance were suggested to be important for increasing the maintenance consultation rate.

  20. The Value of Median Nerve Sonography as a Predictor for Short- and Long-Term Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Prospective Long-Term Follow-Up Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Marschall

    Full Text Available To investigate the prognostic value of B-mode and Power Doppler (PD ultrasound of the median nerve for the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS.Prospective study of 135 patients with suspected CTS seen 3 times: at baseline, then at short-term (3 months and long-term (15-36 months follow-up. At baseline, the cross-sectional area (CSA of the median nerve was measured with ultrasound at 4 levels on the forearm and wrist. PD signals were graded semi-quantitatively (0-3. Clinical outcomes were evaluated at each visit with the Boston Questionnaire (BQ and the DASH Questionnaire, as well as visual analogue scales for the patient's assessment of pain (painVAS and physician's global assessment (physVAS. The predictive values of baseline CSA and PD for clinical outcomes were determined with multivariate logistic regression models.Short-term and long-term follow-up data were available for 111 (82.2% and 105 (77.8% patients, respectively. There was a final diagnosis of CTS in 84 patients (125 wrists. Regression analysis revealed that the CSA, measured at the carpal tunnel inlet, predicted short-term clinical improvement according to BQ in CTS patients undergoing carpal tunnel surgery (OR 1.8, p = 0.05, but not in patients treated conservatively. Neither CSA nor PD assessments predicted short-term improvement of painVAS, physVAS or DASH, nor was any of the ultrasound parameters useful for the prediction of long-term clinical outcomes.Ultrasound assessment of the median nerve at the carpal tunnel inlet may predict short-term clinical improvement in CTS patients undergoing carpal tunnel release, but long-term outcomes are unrelated to ultrasound findings.

  1. Percutaneous alcohol septal ablation for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy: technical review and long-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leal, Sílvio; Galeote, Guillermo; Jiménez-Valero, Santiago; Sánchez-Recalde, Angel; Salinas, Pablo; Ruiz, Alejandro Sáez; Orbe, Luís Calvo; Dominguéz, Francisco; Moreno, Raúl; López-Sendón, José Luís

    2012-05-01

    Percutaneous septal ablation by alcohol-induced septal branch occlusion was introduced as a new treatment option in symptomatic patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). Our aim was to evaluate procedural and long-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes in patients with HOCM treated by alcohol septal ablation (ASA) at our center. This single-center retrospective study included 14 consecutive HOCM patients undergoing percutaneous ASA (66.4 +/- 12.1 years, 71.4% female). At baseline all patients presented persistent symptoms despite optimized medical treatment, left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction with a peak gradient > 50 mmHg, systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve, and ventricular septal thickness > or = 15 mm. ASA was considered successful when the LVOT pressure gradient fell to less than 50% of baseline value. All patients had echocardiographic evaluation at baseline, intraprocedure and at follow-up, and a long-term clinical follow-up (25 +/- 38 months) with evaluation of functional class and occurrence of symptoms or cardiovascular events. Percutaneous ASA achieved a 71.4% acute and 85.7% long-term success rate. Peak LVOT gradient decreased from 104 +/- 40 mmHg at baseline to 58 +/- 30 mmHg intraprocedure (p = 0.03) and 35 +/- 26 mmHg at follow-up (p = 0.001); total gradient decrease was 75 +/- 43 mmHg. Ventricular septal thickness and mitral regurgitation also presented significant decreases during follow-up (from 24 +/- 5 mm to 18 +/- 4 mm, p = 0.02, and from grade 2.4 +/- 0.6 to 1.4 +/- 0.5, p obtaining a marked decrease in LVOT pressure gradient and symptomatic improvement. Despite the occurrence of a significant number of procedural complications, the favorable long-term outcomes underline the potential of ASA as a percutaneous alternative to surgical myectomy.

  2. Long-term survival of calcium phosphate-coated dental implants: a meta-analytical approach to the clinical literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Oirschot, Bart A J A; Bronkhorst, Ewald M; van den Beucken, Jeroen J J P; Meijer, Gert J; Jansen, John A; Junker, Rüdiger

    2013-04-01

    Calcium phosphate ceramic coatings have the potential to compensate for challenging bone conditions such as delayed or impaired bone healing and low bone quantity or density. Thus, the increasing universal prevalence of subjects with such challenging bone conditions might be paralleled by an enhanced global use of calcium phosphate ceramic-coated dental implants. However, it is speculated that the long-term clinical survival of calcium phosphate-coated dental implants might be adversely affected by coating delamination. The aims of the current review were (1) to systematically appraise and (2) to meta-analyse long-term survival data of calcium phosphate-coated dental implants in clinical trials. An extensive search in the electronic databases of the National Library of Medicine (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov), The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the ISI Web of Knowledge, was carried out for articles published between January 2000 and November 2011 to identify randomized controlled clinical trials, prospective clinical trials as well as retrospective analysis of cases (RA) presenting survival data on the topic of calcium phosphate-coated dental implants. Only publications in English were considered, and the search was narrowed to studies in humans with a follow-up of at least 5 years only. Furthermore, the reference lists of related review articles and publications selected for inclusion in this review were systematically screened. The primary outcome variable was percentage annual failure rate (AFR), and the secondary outcome variable was percentage cumulative survival rate (CSR). The electronic search in the database of the National Library of Medicine, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the ISI Web of Knowledge, resulted in the identification of 385 titles. These titles were initially screened by the two independent reviewers for possible inclusion, resulting in 29 publications suitable for further consideration. Screening

  3. GENDER INFLUENCES THE CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND LONG-TERM OUTCOME OF GRAVES DISEASE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magri, Flavia; Zerbini, Francesca; Gaiti, Margherita; Capelli, Valentina; Ragni, Alberto; Rotondi, Mario; Chiovato, Luca

    2016-11-01

    The outcome of antithyroid drug (ATD) treatment for Graves disease (GD) is difficult to predict. In this study, we investigated whether male gender, besides other factors usually associated with a poor outcome of ATD treatment, may affect disease presentation and predict the response to medical treatment in subjects with GD. We studied 294 patients with a first diagnosis of GD. In all patients, ATD treatment was started. Clinical features, thyroid volume, and eye involvement were recorded at baseline. Serum levels of free thyroxine (FT4), free triiodothyronine (FT3), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and TSH-receptor antibodies (TRAb) were measured at baseline and during the follow-up. Treatment outcome (FT4, FT3, and TSH serum levels and further treatments for GD after ATD withdrawal) was evaluated. When compared to women, men showed a significantly larger thyroid volume and a higher family positivity for autoimmune diseases. During ATD, the mean serum levels of TSH, FT4, FT3, and TRAb did not differ between groups. Within 1 year after ATD discontinuation, relapse of hyperthyroidism was significantly more frequent in men than in women. Within the 5-year follow-up period, the prevalence of men suffering a late relapse was higher compared with that of women. The outcome at the end of the 5-year follow-up period was significantly associated with gender and TRAb levels at disease onset. Male patients with GD have a poorer prognosis when submitted to medical treatment with ATDs. A larger goiter at presentation and a stronger genetic autoimmune background might explain this gender difference in patients with GD. ATD = antithyroid drug FT3 = free triiodothyronine FT4 = free thyroxine GD = Graves disease GO = Graves orbitopathy RAI = radioiodine TRAb = thyroid-stimulating hormone-receptor antibody TSH = thyroid-stimulating hormone.

  4. Historical framework to explain long-term coupled human and natural system feedbacks: application to a multiple-ownership forest landscape in the northern Great Lakes region, USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle M. Steen-Adams

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Current and future human and forest landscape conditions are influenced by the cumulative, unfolding history of social-ecological interactions. Examining past system responses, especially unintended consequences, can reveal valuable insights that promote learning and adaptation in forest policy and management. Temporal couplings are complex, however; they can be difficult to trace, characterize, and explain. We develop a framework that integrates environmental history into analysis of coupled human and natural systems (CHANS. Our study demonstrates how historical data and methods can help to explain temporal complexity of long-term CHANS feedbacks. We focus on two sources of temporal complexity: legacy effects and lagged interactions. We apply our framework to a multiple-ownership forest landscape comprising tribal and nonindustrial private forest ownerships in Wisconsin. Our framework features four elements that help investigators better understand complex systems through time: (1 a temporal axis parsed into historical periods (periodization, (2 representation of links between historical periods and system feedbacks, (3 representation of land ownership history, and (4 nested geographical scales of historical analysis. The framework can help to reveal legacy effects and lagged interactions, illuminate turning points and periods in system dynamics, and distil insights from unintended consequences that inform institutional and policy adaptation. We also assess the validity of using land ownership to represent the social component of CHANS models. When treated as a categorical variable and interpreted in historical context, land ownership can validly represent decision-making structure, culture, and knowledge system in spatially explicit social-ecological models.

  5. Treatment and long term outcome in West syndrome: the clinical reality. A multicentre follow up study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagae, Lieven; Verhelst, Helène; Ceulemans, Berten; De Meirleir, Linda; Nassogne, Marie-Cécile; De Borchgrave, Valerie; D'Hooghe, Marc; Foulon, Martine; Van Bogaert, Patrick

    2010-04-01

    We systematically reviewed the files of 51 infants presenting with infantile spasms and hypsarrhythmia in order to study the initial treatment strategies and the long term outcome. 80% of the infants were classified as symptomatic. In the nine participating centres, different treatment protocols were used, but the large majority of the children received vigabatrin as first line treatment. Second line options included hormonal treatment, topiramate and valproate. The time to reach cessation of infantile spasms was significantly shorter in the cryptogenic group than in the symptomatic group (50% at 13 days versus 66 days respectively) and was irrespective of the treatment used. The late follow up data (>2 years) showed that 60% of the children had epilepsy and that 75% of the children had a delay in their psychomotor development. Again, outcome in the cryptogenic group was better than in the symptomatic group, but also in the cryptogenic group, 50% of the children had a clear developmental delay, even if spasms were controlled early in the course of the disease. Our retrospective study illustrates that not only the underlying brain dysfunction is the major determinant for later outcome in infantile spasms (symptomatic group) but also even a short period of infantile spasms can be responsible for later developmental delay (cryptogenic group). (c) 2010 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Maternal, perinatal and long-term outcomes after assisted reproductive techniques (ART): implications for clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talaulikar, Vikram Sinai; Arulkumaran, Sabaratnam

    2013-09-01

    The use of assisted reproductive techniques (ART) is on the rise throughout the world and the number of babies born as a result of ART has reached an estimated total of 5 million since the world's first, Louise Brown, was born in 1978. Data from many prospective and retrospective studies have suggested increased risks of adverse maternal, perinatal and long-term outcomes after ART compared to natural conception. Recent research suggests that underlying maternal factors rather than ART methods themselves play a significant role in causing such outcomes. Couples attempting ART need to be provided with accurate and reliable information on risks of adverse reproductive outcomes and reassured that absolute risks appear small. Clinicians need to remain vigilant about increased risk of pregnancy complications and formulate a plan of care for the woman, from periconception to the puerperium, which aims to prevent or minimise maternal and perinatal morbidity. This review attempts to summarise the available data on reproductive outcomes after ART and provide guidance to the obstetricians and primary care physicians about management of ART pregnancies. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Clinical Nursing Leadership Education in Long-Term Care: Intervention Design and Evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiset, Valerie; Luciani, Tracy; Hurtubise, Alyssa; Grant, Theresa L

    2017-04-01

    The main objective of the current case study was to investigate the perceived leadership learning needs and feasibility of delivering leadership education to registered staff involved in direct care in long-term care (LTC) homes. The study was conducted in Ontario, Canada, and participants included RNs, registered practical nurses, and nursing administrators. Phase 1 bilingual web-based survey and bilingual focus group needs assessment data supported a preference for external training along with in-house mentoring to support sustainability. An intervention designed using insights gained from Phase 1 data was delivered via a 2-day, in-person workshop. Phases 2 and 3 evaluation survey data identified aspects of leadership training for LTC that require ongoing refinement. Findings suggest that communication skills and managing day-to-day nursing demands in the context of regulatory frameworks were areas of particular interest for leadership training in the LTC setting. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 43(4), 49-56.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  8. Granulomatous polyangitis (Wegener granulomatosis): Clinical findings and results of long-term follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Şen, Nazan; Aydın Tufan, Müge; Yıldız, Reyhan; Ersözlü Bozkırlı, Emine Duygu; Yücel, Eftal

    2016-09-01

    To evaluate long-term outcome of patients with granulomatous polyangitis (GPA) followed up in a tertiary university hospital. We reviewed medical records of 22 patients with GPA diagnosis confirmed by tissue biopsies between 2004 and 2014. The mean time from the onset of symptoms to diagnosis was 7.8 ± 12.3 months [interquartile range (IR)= 4.0]. The most commonly involved organs were the upper respiratory tract (URT) (72.7%), lower respiratory tract (81.8%) and kidneys (72.7%). URT involvement indicated good prognosis (p= 0.046). Survival in the patients with and without URT involvement was 124.6 ± 6.9 months and 59.7 ± 22.9 months, respectively. End-stage renal failure (ESRF) requiring dilaysis and cardiac involvement were associated with mortality (p= 0.022 and p= 0.026, respectively). Of the 12 dialysis-dependent patients at diagnosis, 11 survived > 3 months and seven regained renal function permanently. Dialysis dependency was significantly lower in patients who received plasmapheresis (p= 0.047). Overall mortality rate was 18% (4/22). Mean survival was 55.9 ± 42.8 months (IR= 84.0). Diagnosis of GPA may be delayed by the nonspecific nature of its symptoms. URT involvement was associated with good prognosis, whereas cardiac involvement and ESRF requiring dialysis were associated with poor outcome. Plasmapheresis may increase the rate of renal recovery in the patients with ESRF requiring dialysis.

  9. Long-term clinical significance of thyroid autoimmunity in children with celiac disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassio, Alessandra; Ricci, Giampaolo; Baronio, Federico; Miniaci, Angela; Bal, Milva; Bigucci, Barbara; Conti, Veronica; Cicognani, Alessandro

    2010-02-01

    To evaluate the long-term outcome of thyroid function and autoimmunity in a large series of children with celiac disease. This longitudinal, retrospective study (duration of follow-up, 8.9 +/- 4.0 years) was conducted at the Pediatric Department, University of Bologna, Italy. One hundred thirty-five consecutive patients diagnosed between June 1990 and December 2004 and followed on a gluten-free diet were examined. Inclusion criteria were good dietary compliance and duration of follow-up for at least 3 years. Of 101 patients who never showed positive antithyroid titers during the follow-up, 86 remained euthyroid; 15 showed high thyroid-stimulating hormone values at diagnosis that normalized in 11 cases after 12 to 18 months of gluten withdrawal. Of 31 patients with persistently positive antibody titers, 23 (74%) remained consistently euthyroid during the follow-up and 8 (26%) had a subclinical hypothyroidism. The prevalence of cases with positive antibodies was similar in children with growth retardation or gastroenterological symptoms at diagnosis and different durations of gluten exposure. The presence of antithyroid antibodies in children with celiac disease has a low predictive value for the development of thyroid hypofunction during the indicated surveillance period. Longer follow-up is needed. Copyright 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Clinical Long-Term Outcome and Reinterventional Rate After Uterine Fibroid Embolization with Nonspherical Versus Spherical Polyvinyl Alcohol Particles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duvnjak, Stevo; Ravn, Pernille; Green, Anders

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the long-term clinical outcome and frequency of reinterventions in patients with uterine fibroids treated with embolization at a single center using polyvinyl alcohol microparticles. Methods: The study included all patients with symptomatic uterine...... fibroids treated with uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) with spherical (s-PVA) and nonspherical (ns-PVA) polyvinyl alcohol microparticles during the period January 2001 to January 2011. Clinical success and secondary interventions were examined. Hospital records were reviewed during follow-up, and symptom...

  11. Long-Term Pharmacotherapy of Adults With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Literature Review and Clinical Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredriksen, Mats; Peleikis, Dawn E

    2016-01-01

    This MiniReview reports and discusses the main findings of the author's thesis including a literature study of long-term pharmacological treatment of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and a clinical study of 1-year medication. Electronic databases were systematically reviewed for original studies on pharmacotherapy of the defined duration, 24 weeks or more. Although few trials were found with limitations such as excluding comorbidities, treatment with stimulants and atomoxetine was reported tolerated and effective compared to non-treatment. The clinical study of the thesis was conducted on 250 medication-naïve patients with ADHD referred to a specialized outpatient clinic. Comorbid psychiatric disorders were diagnosed among 75% of the patients. About 56% had not completed secondary school, and 51% had been unable to work the preceding year. Persisting inattentive symptoms and comorbid mental disorders in adulthood were related to long-term work disability. In the prospective observational study of the thesis, patients were treated with methylphenidate as first-line drug and atomoxetine or dexamphetamine as second-line drugs, according to current treatment guidelines. At 12-month follow-up, 232 patients completed evaluation and 70% persisted on medication. About 80% of these used methylphenidate. Sustained improvement of symptoms and functioning was related to continued medication. Comorbid mental disorders and side effects were related to lower effectiveness and adherence, and 12% stopped medication due to side effects. Summing up the MiniReview, treatment with stimulants and atomoxetine of adults with ADHD has long-term beneficial effects and is tolerated but more longitudinal studies should be performed. With stated limitations, the findings of the thesis should contribute to a relevant guidance for clinical practice. © 2015 Nordic Association for the Publication of BCPT (former Nordic Pharmacological Society).

  12. Long-term symptoms in dizzy patients examined in a university clinic

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    Goplen Frederik

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The long-term course of dizziness was investigated combining medical chart and survey data. The survey was undertaken median (interquartile range (IQR 4.6 (4.3 years after the initial medical examination. Methods Chart data comprised sex, age, diagnosis, symptom duration, postural sway and neck pain. Survey data comprised symptom severity assessed by the Vertigo Symptom Scale – Short Form (VSS-SF, and data regarding current state of dizziness, medication, neck pain and other chronic conditions. Results The sample consisted of 503 patients, the mean (standard deviation (SD age was 50.0 (11.6 years, women being slightly overrepresented (60%. Severe problems with dizziness (VSS-SF mean (SD 13.9, (10.8 were indicated in the total group and in 5 of 6 diagnostic sub-groups. Vertigo/balance- and autonomic/anxiety-related symptoms were present in all groups. Current dizziness was confirmed by 73% who had significantly more severe problems than the non-dizzy (VSS-SF mean (SD: 17.2 (10.1 versus 5.0 (7.3. Symptoms were related to vertigo/balance more than to autonomic/anxiety (test of interaction p Based on simple logistic regression analysis, sex, symptom duration, neck pain, sway and diagnoses predicted dizziness. Symptom duration and neck pain remained predictors in the adjusted analysis. Age, symptom duration, neck pain, sway and diagnoses predicted vertigo/balance-related dizziness in both regression analyses. Sex, neck pain and sway predicted development of autonomic/anxiety-related dizziness according to simple regression analysis, while only neck pain remained a significant predictor in the adjusted analysis. With respect to diagnosis, simple regression analysis showed significant reduced likelihood for development of dizziness in all vestibular sub-groups when compared to the non-otogenic dizziness group. With respect to vertigo/balance- and autonomic/anxiety-related symptoms, the implication of diagnostic belonging varied

  13. Low carbohydrate diet in type 1 diabetes, long-term improvement and adherence: A clinical audit

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    Nielsen Jørgen

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Reduction of dietary carbohydrates and corresponding insulin doses stabilizes and lowers mean blood glucose in individuals with type 1 diabetes within days. The long-term adherence for persons who have learned this technique is unknown. To assess adherence over 4 years in such a group the present audit was done retrospectively by record analysis for individuals who have attended an educational course. Adherence was assessed from HbA1c changes and individuals’ own reports. Findings Altogether 48 persons with diabetes duration of 24 ± 12 years and HbA1c > = 6.1% (Mono-S; DCCT = 7.1% attended the course. Mean HbA1c for all attendees was at start, at 3 months and 4 years 7.6% ± 1.0%, 6.3 ± 0.7%, 6.9 ± 1.0% respectively. The number of non-adherent persons was 25 (52%. HbA1c in this group was at start, at 3 months and 4 years: 7.5 ±1.1%, 6.5 ± 0.8%, 7.4 ± 0.9%. In the group of 23 (48% adherent persons mean HbA1c was at start, at 3 months and 4 years 7.7 ± 1.0%, 6.4 ± 0.9%, 6.4 ± 0.8%. Conclusion Attending an educational course on dietary carbohydrate reduction and corresponding insulin reduction in type 1 diabetes gave lasting improvement. About half of the individuals adhered to the program after 4 years. The method may be useful in informed and motivated persons with type 1 diabetes. The number needed to treat to have lasting effect in 1 was 2.

  14. Clinical presentation, diagnostic findings and long-term survival in large breed dogs with meningoencephalitis of unknown aetiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornelis, I; Volk, H A; De Decker, S

    2016-08-06

    Although several studies indicate that meningoencephalitis of unknown aetiology (MUA) might affect every dog breed at every age, little is known about clinical presentation, diagnostic findings and long-term survival in large breed dogs. The aim of this study was therefore to compare the clinical presentation, diagnostic findings and long-term survival between large and small/medium breed dogs diagnosed with MUA. One hundred and eleven dogs met the inclusion criteria. 28 (25 per cent) dogs were considered large breed dogs compared with 83 (75 per cent) small/medium breed dogs. Large breed dogs presented significantly more often with a decreased mentation. Age, gender, duration of clinical signs prior to diagnosis, presence of seizures or cluster seizures, variables on complete blood count and cerebrospinal fluid analysis, and all variables on MRI were not significantly different between small/medium and large breed dogs. Median survival time was 281 and 106 days for the large and small/medium breed dogs, respectively, with no significant difference in survival curves for both groups. Although considered not typically affected by MUA, 25 per cent of dogs included in this study were considered large breed dogs. Therefore, MUA should be included in the differential diagnosis for large breed dogs presenting with intracranial neurological signs. If diagnosed with MUA, large breed dogs also carried a guarded prognosis. British Veterinary Association.

  15. Diagnosis of adjustment disorder: reliability of its clinical use and long-term stability.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jager, M. de; Burger, D.M.; Becker, T.; Frasch, K.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Adjustment disorder is a common diagnosis in mental health services. However, the diagnostic reliability and stability of this nosological construct are unclear. Sampling and Methods: Clinical chart records of patients who had been discharged with a clinical diagnosis of adjustment

  16. Using a Battery of Tests to Predict Suicide in a Long Term Hospital: A Clinical Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Kim

    1982-01-01

    Examined the Wechsler-Bellevue, Rorschah, TAT, and Word-Association tests of forty patients for clinical indications of their suicide potential. On the basis of a blind, psychoanalytically informed clinical interpretation of the protocols, the outcomes of these protocols were successfully predicted for 85 percent of the cases. (Author)

  17. Long-term clinical outcomes of the Drug-Eluting Stents in the Real World (DESIRE) Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, Amanda; Costa, J Ribamar; Moreira, Adriana C; Cano, Manuel; Maldonado, Galo; Costa, Ricardo A; Pavanello, Ricardo; Romano, Edson R; Campos, Cantidio; Haddad, Nagib; Abizaid, Alexandre; Feres, Fausto; Mattos, Luiz Alberto; Staico, Rodolfo; Sousa, J Eduardo

    2008-08-01

    Recently, cardiologists have treated more complex patients and lesions with drug-eluting stents (DES). However, long-term efficacy and safety of the off-label use of these new devices is yet to be demonstrated. The Drug-Eluting Stents in the Real World (DESIRE) registry is a prospective, nonrandomized single-center registry with consecutive patients treated solely with DES between May 2002 and May 2007. The primary end-point was long-term occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Patients were clinically evaluated at 1, 3, and 6 months and then annually up to 5 years. A total of 2,084 patients (2,864 lesions and 3,120 DES) were included. The mean age was 63.8 +/- 11.5 years. Diabetes was detected in 28.9% and 40.7% presented with acute coronary syndrome. Cyphertrade mark was the predominant DES in this registry (83.5%). Mean follow-up time was 2.6 +/- 1.2 years and was obtained in 96.5% of the eligible patients. Target lesion revascularization (TLR) was performed in 3.3% of the patients. Q wave myocardial infarction (MI) occurred in only 0.7% of these patients and total stent thrombosis rate was 1.6% (n = 33). Independent predictors of thrombosis were PCI in the setting of MI (HR 11.2; 95% CI, 9.6-12.4, P = 0.001), lesion length (HR 4.6; 95% CI, 3.2-5.3, P = 0.031), moderate to severe calcification at lesion site (HR 13.1; 95% CI, 12.1-16.7, P < 0.001), and in-stent residual stenosis (HR 14.5; 95% CI, 10.2-17.6, P < 0.001). The use of DES in unselected population is associated with long-term safety and effectiveness with acceptable low rates of adverse clinical events.

  18. Prevalence and long-term clinical significance of intracranial atherosclerosis after ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ovesen, Christian; Abild, Annemette; Christensen, Anders Fogh

    2013-01-01

    We investigated the prevalence and long-term risk associated with intracranial atherosclerosis identified during routine evaluation.......We investigated the prevalence and long-term risk associated with intracranial atherosclerosis identified during routine evaluation....

  19. Clinically relevant fatigue in men with hormone-sensitive prostate cancer on long-term androgen deprivation therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storey, D J; McLaren, D B; Atkinson, M A; Butcher, I; Frew, L C; Smyth, J F; Sharpe, M

    2012-06-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and associations of clinically relevant fatigue (CRF) in men with biochemically controlled prostate cancer on long-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). One hundred and ninety-eight men were surveyed and the prevalence of CRF (Brief Fatigue Inventory score >3) determined. Associations with other measures (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; International Prostate Symptom Score; European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire; Brief Pain Inventory worst pain; clinical and demographic information) were explored in univariate and multivariate analyses. Eight-one per cent (160 of 198) of questionnaires were analysable. CRF prevalence was 43% (68 of 160). CRF associations included moderate/severe urinary symptoms, anxiety and medical co-morbidities; the strongest associations were depression [odds ratio (OR) 9.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.3-22.8] and pain (OR 9.2, 95% CI 4.0-21.5). After controlling for other factors, the independent associations were depression (OR 4.7, 95% CI 1.6-14.0) and pain (OR 3.1, 95% CI 1.0-8.9). There was no association with age, disease burden or treatment duration. Two-fifths of men with biochemically controlled prostate cancer on long-term ADT report CRF that interferes with function. Management aimed at improving CRF should address depression and pain.

  20. Clinical and radiological long-term follow-up after embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Erik; Kjeldsen, Anette Drøhse

    2005-01-01

    and subjective effect of treatment on physical and social functioning. A significant rise in oxygenation of the blood after embolization was measured. In 77% of the patients symptoms improved, and 71% felt better performance. In eight patients, one of the PAVMs was found insufficiently embolized or recanalized...... at follow-up angiography and therefore were re-embolized. Endovascular embolization for PAVMs is effective. Clinical parameters and quality of life improved significantly. Regular clinical controls after therapy are necessary to discover insufficiently embolized, recanalized or new PAVMs....

  1. The long-term fiscal impact of funding cuts to Danish public fertility clinics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Connolly, Mark P.; Postma, Maarten J.; Crespi, Simone; Andersen, Anders Nyboe; Ziebe, Soren

    2011-01-01

    This study evaluated the fiscal impact attributed to recent policy changes that limited funding to public fertility clinics in Denmark. Taking into consideration that introducing patient co-payments will influence the numbers of couples treated, the number of children born every year from assisted

  2. The long-term fiscal impact of funding cuts to Danish public fertility clinics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Connolly, Mark P; Postma, Maarten J; Crespi, Simone

    2011-01-01

    This study evaluated the fiscal impact attributed to recent policy changes that limited funding to public fertility clinics in Denmark. Taking into consideration that introducing patient co-payments will influence the numbers of couples treated, the number of children born every year from assisted...

  3. Strategies to optimize tacrolimus treatment and improve long-term clinical outcomes in solid organ transplantation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.M. Shuker (Nauras)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractAlthough tacrolimus has been in widespread use since the 1990s, there are still a number of unanswered questions related to its clinical use. For example, the optimal starting dose of tacrolimus and the optimal target concentration in both the early and late phase after

  4. Short- and long-term production losses and repeatability of clinical mastitis in dairy cattle.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Houben, E.H.P.; Dijkhuizen, A.A.; Arendonk, van J.A.M.; Huirne, R.B.M.

    1993-01-01

    Between 1985 and 1990, a study of 5313 lactations of 2477 Black and White cows was carried out. A stepwise least squares method was used to obtain unbiased estimates of milk, fat, and protein losses that were due to clinical mastitis and the carry-over effect from the previous lactation. Logistic

  5. Long-Term Clinical Outcomes of Subcutaneous Versus Transvenous Implantable Defibrillator Therapy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouwer, Tom F.; Yilmaz, Dilek; Lindeboom, Robert; Buiten, Maurits S.; Olde Nordkamp, Louise R. A.; Schalij, Martin J.; Wilde, Arthur A.; van Erven, Lieselot; Knops, Reinoud E.

    2016-01-01

    Transvenous implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (TV-ICDs) improve survival in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death, but complications remain an important drawback. The subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD) was developed to overcome lead-related complications. Comparison of clinical outcomes of both

  6. Long-term clinical, microbiological, and immunological observations of a volunteer repeatedly infected with Chlamydia trachomatis.

    OpenAIRE

    Hanna, L; Jawetz, E.; Dawson, C. R.; Thygeson, P

    1982-01-01

    A blind volunteer was inoculated in one eye with an isolate of Chlamydia trachomatis in 1961 and followed for 20 years. During this time, many observations were made of his clinical responses to the first inoculation and several subsequent inoculations with the same and other strains, chlamydial shedding, and antibody and cell-mediated immune responses. Evidence is presented that partial resistance to chlamydial eye infection developed during repeated infections and that antibodies, cell-medi...

  7. Clinical residual symptomatology and associated factors in multiple organ failure survivors: A long-term mortgage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Villar, S; Rodríguez-García, J L; Arévalo-Serrano, J; Sánchez-Casado, M; Fletcher, H

    2017-12-01

    To evaluate which residual clinical symptoms multi-organ failure (MOF) patients may exhibit post discharge from Intensive Care Units (ICU) and to identify the associated factors that cause such symptoms. A total of 545 adult patients admitted to a medical & surgical ICU in Spain diagnosed with MOF on admission were included in the study. Follow up in the form of a telephone survey regarding the patients clinical symptoms were conducted at 6 and 12 months after discharge from ICU. A total of 266 patients were followed up at both 6 and 12 months post ICU discharge; 62.2% were male; age 60±18 years; 67.8% medical patients. The most common symptoms to appear following hospital discharge included: asthenia (173; 76%), sleep disturbances (112; 50%) and depression (109; 48%). The study revealed frequent residual clinical symptoms persisting for almost a year post ICU discharge, most notably arthromyalgia and asthenia. Depression symptoms during the first 6 months post-hospital discharge were also common among multiple organ failure survivors. The presence of symptomatology over time was found to be related to a poor functional situation at 6 and12 months post ICU discharge, length of hospital stay and severity of illness score on ICU admission. Copyright © 2017 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor. All rights reserved.

  8. Uterine artery embolization in patients with a large fibroid burden: long-term clinical and MR follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smeets, Albert J; Nijenhuis, Robbert J; van Rooij, Willem Jan; Weimar, Emilie A M; Boekkooi, Peter F; Lampmann, Leo E H; Vervest, Harry A M; Lohle, Paul N M

    2010-10-01

    Uterine artery embolization (UAE) in patients with a large fibroid burden is controversial. Anecdotal reports describe serious complications and limited clinical results. We report the long-term clinical and magnetic resonance (MR) results in a large series of women with a dominant fibroid of >10 cm and/or an uterine volume of >700 cm(3). Seventy-one consecutive patients (mean age, 42.5 years; median, 40 years; range, 25-52 years) with a large fibroid burden were treated by UAE between August 2000 and April 2005. Volume reduction and infarction rate of dominant fibroid and uterus were assessed by comparing the baseline and latest follow-up MRIs. Patients were clinically followed at various time intervals after UAE with standardized questionnaires. There were no serious complications of UAE. During a mean follow-up of 48 months (median, 59 months; range, 6-106 months), 10 of 71 patients (14%) had a hysterectomy. Mean volume reduction of the fibroid and uterus was 44 and 43%. Mean infarction rate of the fibroid and overall fibroid infarction rate was 86 and 87%. In the vast majority of patients there was a substantial improvement of symptoms. Clinical results were similar in patients with a dominant fibroid >10 cm and in patients with large uterine volumes by diffuse fibroid disease. In conclusion, our results indicate that the risk of serious complications after UAE in patients with a large fibroid burden is not increased. Moreover, clinical long-term results are as good as in other patients who are treated with UAE. Therefore, a large fibroid burden should not be considered a contraindication for UAE.

  9. Clinical course and seizure outcome of idiopathic childhood epilepsy: determinants of early and long-term prognosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background Idiopathic epilepsies and epileptic syndromes predominate childhood and adolescence epilepsy. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical course and outcome of idiopathic childhood epilepsy and identify variables determining both early and long-term prognosis. Methods We followed 303 children with newly diagnosed idiopathic epilepsy aged 1–14 years old, both prospectively and retrospectively. Outcome was defined at one, 2 and 4 years of follow-up, as well as at the end of the study period for all patients. Based on the data collected, patients were classified in four patterns of clinical course: “excellent”, “improving”, “relapsing” and “poor”. Variables defined at intake and after the initial year of treatment were analyzed for their prognostic relevance towards the clinical course and outcome of the patients. Results The mean age at seizure onset was 6,7 years and the mean duration of follow-up was 8,3 years (range 2,0-22,0,SD 4,24). During the initial year of treatment, 70,3% of patients were seizure-free. The course of epilepsy was “excellent” in 53,1% of the subjects, “improving” in 22,8%, “relapsing” in 22,1% whereas only 6 children with idiopathic epilepsy (2%) had a “poor” clinical course exhibiting drug-resistance. After multivariate analysis, variables predictive of a poor initial response to therapy were early seizure onset, multiple seizure types and history of status epilepticus. At the end of follow-up, early response to treatment was of significant positive predictive value, while the presence of multiple seizure types and the history of migraine had a negative impact on prognosis. Conclusions In the vast majority of children, the long-term prognosis of idiopathic epilepsy is favorable. More than half of the patients attain seizure freedom immediately and their clinical course is considered “excellent”. About one fifth exhibit either an improving or a fluctuating course. Early

  10. Clinical characteristics and long-term response to mood stabilizers in patients with bipolar disorder and different age at onset

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Dell’Osso

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Bernardo Dell’Osso1, Massimiliano Buoli1, Riccardo Riundi2, Nazario D’Urso1, Sara Pozzoli1, Roberta Bassetti2, Emanuela Mundo1,  A Carlo Altamura11Department of Psychiatry, University of Milan, Fondazione IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena, Milano, Italy; 2Department of Clinical Sciences, Luigi Sacco, Milano, ItalyIntroduction: Bipolar disorder (BD is a prevalent, comorbid, and impairing condition. Potential predictors of response to pharmacological treatment are object of continuous investigation in patients with BD. The present naturalistic study was aimed to assess clinical features and longterm response to mood stabilizers in a sample of bipolar subjects with different ages at onset. Methods: The study sample included 108 euthymic patients, diagnosed as affected by BD, either type I or II, according to the DSM-IV-TR, who were started on mood stabilizer treatment. Patients were followed-up for 24 months and the occurrence of any mood episode collected. At the end of the follow-up, patients were divided in three subgroups according to the age at onset (early-onset ≤30 years, middle-onset >30–≤45 years, and late-onset >45 years, respectively and the long-term response to mood stabilizers was compared between them along with other clinical features.Results: The three subgroups showed significant differences in terms of clinical and demographic features and, with respect to long-term response to mood stabilizers, the early-onset subgroup showed a better outcome in terms of reduction of major depressive episodes during the 24-month follow-up compared to the other subgroups (one way ANOVA, F = 3.57, p = 0.032. Conclusions: Even though further controlled studies are needed to clarify the relationship between age at onset and outcome in BD, the present follow-up study suggests clinical peculiarities and different patterns of response to mood stabilizers across distinct subgroups of patients with BD and

  11. Clinical course and seizure outcome of idiopathic childhood epilepsy: determinants of early and long-term prognosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dragoumi, Pinelopi; Tzetzi, Olga; Vargiami, Efthimia; Pavlou, Evangelos; Krikonis, Konstantinos; Kontopoulos, Eleftherios; Zafeiriou, Dimitrios I

    2013-12-18

    Idiopathic epilepsies and epileptic syndromes predominate childhood and adolescence epilepsy. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical course and outcome of idiopathic childhood epilepsy and identify variables determining both early and long-term prognosis. We followed 303 children with newly diagnosed idiopathic epilepsy aged 1-14 years old, both prospectively and retrospectively. Outcome was defined at one, 2 and 4 years of follow-up, as well as at the end of the study period for all patients. Based on the data collected, patients were classified in four patterns of clinical course: "excellent", "improving", "relapsing" and "poor". Variables defined at intake and after the initial year of treatment were analyzed for their prognostic relevance towards the clinical course and outcome of the patients. The mean age at seizure onset was 6.7 years and the mean duration of follow-up was 8.3 years (range 2,0-22,0,SD 4,24). During the initial year of treatment, 70,3% of patients were seizure-free. The course of epilepsy was "excellent" in 53,1% of the subjects, "improving" in 22,8%, "relapsing" in 22,1% whereas only 6 children with idiopathic epilepsy (2%) had a "poor" clinical course exhibiting drug-resistance. After multivariate analysis, variables predictive of a poor initial response to therapy were early seizure onset, multiple seizure types and history of status epilepticus. At the end of follow-up, early response to treatment was of significant positive predictive value, while the presence of multiple seizure types and the history of migraine had a negative impact on prognosis. In the vast majority of children, the long-term prognosis of idiopathic epilepsy is favorable. More than half of the patients attain seizure freedom immediately and their clinical course is considered "excellent". About one fifth exhibit either an improving or a fluctuating course. Early seizure onset, multiple seizure types and status epilepticus are predictive of an

  12. Caffeine consumption in a long-term psychiatric hospital: Tobacco smoking may explain in large part the apparent association between schizophrenia and caffeine use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arrojo-Romero, Manuel; Armas Barbazán, Carmen; López-Moriñigo, Javier D; Ramos-Ríos, Ramón; Gurpegui, Manuel; Martínez-Ortega, José M; Jurado, Dolores; Diaz, Francisco J; de Leon, Jose

    2015-05-01

    This study further explores the association between schizophrenia and caffeine use by combining two prior published Spanish samples (250 schizophrenia outpatients and 290 controls from the general population) with two Spanish long-term inpatient samples from the same hospital (145 with schizophrenia and 64 with other severe mental illnesses). The specific aims were to establish whether or not, after controlling for confounders including tobacco smoking, the association between schizophrenia and caffeine is consistent across schizophrenia samples and across different definitions of caffeine use. The frequency of caffeine use in schizophrenia inpatients was not significantly higher than that in non-schizophrenia inpatients (77%, 111/145 vs. 75%, 48/64) or controls but was significantly higher than in schizophrenia outpatients. The frequency of high caffeine users among caffeine users in schizophrenia inpatients was not significantly higher than in non-schizophrenia inpatients (45%, 50/111 vs. 52%, 25/48) or controls, but was significantly lower than in schizophrenia outpatients. Smoking was significantly associated with caffeine use across all samples and definitions. Between 2 and 3% of schizophrenia inpatients, schizophrenia outpatients and non-schizophrenia inpatients showed caffeinism (>700 mg/day in smokers). Several of these smoking patients with caffeinism were also taking other inducers, particularly omeprazole. The lack of consistent association between schizophrenia and caffeine use is surprising when compared with the very consistent association between tobacco smoking and caffeine use across all of our analyses (use and high use in users) and all our samples. The confounding effects of tobacco smoking may explain in large part the apparent association between schizophrenia and caffeine use. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Clinical Features, Imaging Characteristics, and Long-term Outcome of Dogs with Cranial Meningocele or Meningoencephalocele.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazzerini, K; Gutierrez-Quintana, R; José-López, R; McConnell, F; Gonçalves, R; McMurrough, J; De Decker, S; Muir, C; Priestnall, S L; Mari, L; Stabile, F; De Risio, L; Loeffler, C; Tauro, A; Rusbridge, C; Rodenas, S; Añor, S; de la Fuente, C; Fischer, A; Bruehschwein, A; Penderis, J; Guevar, J

    2017-03-01

    The term meningoencephalocele (MEC) describes a herniation of cerebral tissue and meninges through a defect in the cranium, whereas a meningocele (MC) is a herniation of the meninges alone. To describe the clinical features, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics, and outcomes of dogs with cranial MC and MEC. Twenty-two client-owned dogs diagnosed with cranial MC or MEC. Multicentric retrospective descriptive study. Clinical records of 13 institutions were reviewed. Signalment, clinical history, neurologic findings and MRI characteristics as well as treatment and outcome were recorded and evaluated. Most affected dogs were presented at a young age (median, 6.5 months; range, 1 month - 8 years). The most common presenting complaints were seizures and behavioral abnormalities. Intranasal MEC was more common than parietal MC. Magnetic resonance imaging identified meningeal enhancement of the protruded tissue in 77% of the cases. Porencephaly was seen in all cases with parietal MC. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis identified mild abnormalities in 4 of 11 cases. Surgery was not performed in any affected dog. Seventeen patients were treated medically, and seizures were adequately controlled with anti-epileptic drugs in 10 dogs. Dogs with intranasal MEC and mild neurologic signs had a fair prognosis with medical treatment. Although uncommon, MC and MEC should be considered as a differential diagnosis in young dogs presenting with seizures or alterations in behavior. Medical treatment is a valid option with a fair prognosis when the neurologic signs are mild. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.

  14. Long-Term Clinical Performance of Aesthetic Restorations in Primary Molars: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Pomarico

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a great diversity of restorative materials and techniques for deciduous molars with significant coronal destruction, including resin composite restorations and biologic restorations (portions of natural teeth. By using 4 evaluation methods, this study aimed at longitudinally evaluating the effectiveness of restorations in the deciduous molars of a patient having high caries activity, using adhesive techniques. The evaluation methods consisted of the fibre-optic transillumination method, clinical evaluation based on the United States Public Health Service criteria, radiographs, and an indirect method, scanning electron microscopy. Despite the patient's poor biofilm control, the restorative techniques were shown to be efficacious, particularly the biologic restorative technique.

  15. Long-Term Clinical Performance of Aesthetic Restorations in Primary Molars: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pomarico, Luciana; Neves, Beatriz Gonçalves; Maia, Lucianne Cople; Primo, Laura Guimarães

    2011-01-01

    There is a great diversity of restorative materials and techniques for deciduous molars with significant coronal destruction, including resin composite restorations and biologic restorations (portions of natural teeth). By using 4 evaluation methods, this study aimed at longitudinally evaluating the effectiveness of restorations in the deciduous molars of a patient having high caries activity, using adhesive techniques. The evaluation methods consisted of the fibre-optic transillumination method, clinical evaluation based on the United States Public Health Service criteria, radiographs, and an indirect method, scanning electron microscopy. Despite the patient's poor biofilm control, the restorative techniques were shown to be efficacious, particularly the biologic restorative technique. PMID:22567439

  16. Use of Antithrombotic Therapy and Long-Term Clinical Outcome Among Patients Surviving Intracerebral Hemorrhage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ottosen, Tobias Pilgaard; Grijota, Miriam; Hansen, Morten Lock

    2016-01-01

    (43%) died, 497 (17%) had a thromboembolic event, and 536 (18%) had major bleeding. Postdischarge use of oral anticoagulation therapy among patients with indication for oral anticoagulation therapy was associated with a significant lower risk of death (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.59; 95% confidence...... inhibitors was not related to statistically significantly improved clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 1 of 2 patients surviving intracerebral hemorrhage had a high risk of thromboembolism. Postdischarge use of oral anticoagulation therapy was associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality...

  17. The long-term fiscal impact of funding cuts to Danish public fertility clinics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Connolly, Mark P; Postma, Maarten J; Crespi, Simone

    2011-01-01

    This study evaluated the fiscal impact attributed to recent policy changes that limited funding to public fertility clinics in Denmark. Taking into consideration that introducing patient co-payments will influence the numbers of couples treated, the number of children born every year from assisted...... reproductive technology will be affected. To reflect the government perspective, the model assessed the average life course of a cohort of assisted-conception singletons taking into consideration age-specific, per-capita government transfers (e.g. education, health care, family allowances, education, pensions...

  18. Clinical and Echographic Long-Term Follow-Up of a Retinal Macrocyst: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Serna-Ojeda

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to report the case of a 62-year-old male diagnosed with a retinal macrocyst secondary to a long-standing retinal detachment in his right eye. At fundoscopy examination, an oval, elevated retinal lesion in the superior nasal quadrant was noted. Ultrasonography was performed, with a B-mode echography showing an oval, anechoic image and a standardized A-mode echography with a reflectivity spike higher than 98%, which was compatible with a retinal macrocyst. The patient refused surgical treatment for the retinal detachment and was followed for 14 months with stable visual acuity and no clinical or echographic changes.

  19. Long-term clinical performance of aesthetic restorations in primary molars: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pomarico, Luciana; Neves, Beatriz Gonçalves; Maia, Lucianne Cople; Primo, Laura Guimarães

    2011-01-01

    There is a great diversity of restorative materials and techniques for deciduous molars with significant coronal destruction, including resin composite restorations and biologic restorations (portions of natural teeth). By using 4 evaluation methods, this study aimed at longitudinally evaluating the effectiveness of restorations in the deciduous molars of a patient having high caries activity, using adhesive techniques. The evaluation methods consisted of the fibre-optic transillumination method, clinical evaluation based on the United States Public Health Service criteria, radiographs, and an indirect method, scanning electron microscopy. Despite the patient's poor biofilm control, the restorative techniques were shown to be efficacious, particularly the biologic restorative technique.

  20. Clinical evaluation of direct composite restoration done for midline diastema closure – long-term study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhu, R.; Bhaskaran, S.; Geetha Prabhu, K. R.; Eswaran, M. A.; Phanikrishna, G.; Deepthi, B.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose of the Study: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically the performance of composite resin used to restore midline diastema between the maxillary and mandibular central incisors. Methodology: Direct composite restorations were done for 45 patients with midline diastema between the maxillary and mandibular central incisors. Standard protocols were followed for the placement of composite resin for the diastema closure, and recall visits were made for every 6 months for a period of 60 months for evaluation of the success of these restorations made. Qualified dental personnel examined the restorations made. Results: Clinical evaluations were done after the restorations had been in place for an average of 6 months. Results indicate that none of the restorations were totally lost, and resulting in a 91% overall retention rate for the period of 60 months. About 62% of the restorations made had no noticeable color difference with that of the adjacent tooth, and gingival health indicated 73% of the sample was without any signs of inflammation. Conclusions: Composites restored for diastemas exhibit satisfactory survival rates placed with recommended placement protocols and without occlusal loading. PMID:26538917

  1. Clinical evaluation of direct composite restoration done for midline diastema closure - long-term study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhu, R; Bhaskaran, S; Geetha Prabhu, K R; Eswaran, M A; Phanikrishna, G; Deepthi, B

    2015-08-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate clinically the performance of composite resin used to restore midline diastema between the maxillary and mandibular central incisors. Direct composite restorations were done for 45 patients with midline diastema between the maxillary and mandibular central incisors. Standard protocols were followed for the placement of composite resin for the diastema closure, and recall visits were made for every 6 months for a period of 60 months for evaluation of the success of these restorations made. Qualified dental personnel examined the restorations made. Clinical evaluations were done after the restorations had been in place for an average of 6 months. Results indicate that none of the restorations were totally lost, and resulting in a 91% overall retention rate for the period of 60 months. About 62% of the restorations made had no noticeable color difference with that of the adjacent tooth, and gingival health indicated 73% of the sample was without any signs of inflammation. Composites restored for diastemas exhibit satisfactory survival rates placed with recommended placement protocols and without occlusal loading.

  2. Long-term prospective cohort study on dental implants: clinical and microbiological parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenenbaum, Henri; Bogen, Omer; Séverac, François; Elkaim, René; Davideau, Jean-Luc; Huck, Olivier

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the present prospective cohort study is to evaluate clinical and microbiological data of dental implants after at least 8 years of follow-up. A total of 110 patients and 232 implants were included at baseline and followed during 1 year. Fifty-two patients and 108 implants could be evaluated at the final examination. Clinical and microbiological data were taken at baseline, 1 year and at least 8 years. The mean follow-up time was 10.8 ± 1.7 years. Plaque index was, respectively, 0.50 ± 0.50 at baseline, 0.50 ± 0.50 at 1 year and 0.33 ± 0.67 at ≥8 years. Gingival index was, respectively, 1.08 ± 0.19 at baseline, 1.01 ± 0.39 at 1 year and 0.22 ± 0.47 at ≥8 years. Sulcular bleeding index was, respectively, 0.17 ± 0.22 at baseline, 0.11 ± 0.33 at 1 year and 0.17 ± 0.22 at ≥8 years. Probing depth was, respectively, 2.67 ± 0.75 at baseline, 3.00 ± 0.83 at 1 year and 2.74 ± 1.00 at ≥8 years. Clinical attachment level was, respectively, 3.75 ± 1.17 at baseline, 4.00 ± 1.06 at 1 year and 4.00 ± 1.17 at ≥8 years. Peri-implant mucositis was detected around 60.2% of implants in 73.1% of patients, while peri-implantitis was affecting 12% of implants in 15.4% of patients. Some bacteria species were associated with worsened clinical parameters. About 69.4% of implants (75/108) and 67.3% of the patients (35/52) were considered as success in the present prospective cohort study after a mean follow-up of 10.8 years. Microbial follow-up may help to identify patients at risk for peri-implant disease. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Long-Term Clinical Course in a Patient with Complete Congenital Stationary Night Blindness

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    Kentaro Kurata

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: This report describes a 45-year-old man with complete congenital stationary night blindness (CSNB1 who has been followed up for 38 years. Case: The patient first visited our hospital as a 7-year-old boy with a complaint of low visual acuity. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA was 0.5 in the right eye and 0.6 in the left eye. The refractive error was approximately –5.0 D in both eyes. The fundus showed only myopic changes. A bright-flash electroretinogram (ERG revealed a negative configuration. We diagnosed CSNB and corrected the refractive error with glasses. We continued to monitor the ERG and various waveform components as well as visual acuity and the appearance of the fundus. All NYX exons were screened for a causative mutation by polymerase chain reaction amplification, and direct sequencing was performed. Results: By 10 years of age, BCVA had increased to 0.8 on the right and 0.9 on the left, with little change thereafter. The fundus continued to show only myopic changes. No changes were seen in the amplitude or implicit time of the a-wave or b-wave or in the b/a-wave ratio. A novel hemizygous insertion mutation, c.1205_1206insT, p.(Glu404Argfs*89, was detected in exon 2 of the NYX gene. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the longest follow-up of a patient with CSNB1. No changes in the clinical course have been seen during follow-up. We believe that it is important to continue observations and accumulate clinical data for prognostic purposes on patients with CSNB1.

  4. Long-term clinical investigation of patients with ankylosing spondylitis treated with /sup 224/Ra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmitt, E. (Universitatsklinik Friedrichsheim, Frankfurt, West Germany); Ruckbeil, C.; Wick, R.R.

    1983-01-01

    Between 1952 and 1980 about 250 patients with ankylosing spondylitis were treated with /sup 224/Ra at the Orthopaedic University Hospital of Frankfurt/M. In 1970, 119 of them were examined and X-rayed as was another group of 40 patients in 1980. The results of those examined could be compared with a group of 40 patients treated without /sup 224/Ra. Patients with /sup 224/Ra demonstrated a long-lasting period of subjective improvement after the treatment, with reduced consumption of antirheumatoid and analgesic drugs, on the average. Blood examinations show inflammatory activities. Nevertheless, the ankylosing spondylitis proceeded. In the final stages of the disease, neither the clinical aspects nor the X-rays showed any specific changes. We observed no case of malignant bone tumor. Of the 169 examined patients, 22 had a total of 32 children after the treatment with /sup 224/Ra. Among these was a set of twins with cerebral palsy and diabetes insipidus renalis. In conclusion, /sup 224/Ra in ankylosing spondylitis is a recommended treatment without higher risk compared to the common therapy with drugs.

  5. Glyaderm(®) dermal substitute: clinical application and long-term results in 55 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pirayesh, Ali; Hoeksema, Henk; Richters, Cornelia; Verbelen, Jozef; Monstrey, Stan

    2015-02-01

    Glycerol preserved acellular dermis (Glyaderm(®)) consists of collagen and elastin fibers and is the first non-profit dermal substitute derived from glycerol-preserved, human allogeneic skin. It is indicated for bi-layered skin reconstruction of full thickness wounds. A protocol for clinical application and optimal interval before autografting with split thickness skin graft (STSG) was developed in a pilot study. A phase III randomized, controlled, paired, intra-individual study compared full thickness defects engrafted with Glyaderm(®) and STSG versus STSG alone. Outcome measures included percentage of Glyaderm(®) take, STSG take, and scar quality assessment. Pilot study (27 patients): Mean take rates equaled 91.55% for Glyaderm(®) and 96.67% for STSG. The optimal autografting interval was 6 days (±1 day). Randomized trial (28 patients): Mean Glyaderm(®) take rate was 88.17%. STSG take rates were comparable for both research groups (p=0.588). One year after wound closure, Glyaderm(®)+STSG was significantly more elastic (p=0.003) than STSG alone. Blinded observers scored Glyaderm(®) treated wounds better in terms of scar quality. The efficacy of Glyaderm(®) as a suitable dermal substitute for full thickness wounds is attested. Currently a procedure for simultaneous application of Glyaderm(®) and STSG is adopted, allowing for further widespread use of Glyaderm(®). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

  6. Clinical laser angioplasty with a pulsed neodymium:YAG laser: long-term followup

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Roy N.; Michaels, Jonathan A.; Cross, Frank W.; Raphael, Michael; Adiseshiah, M.; Marston, A.

    1992-08-01

    Since December 1986, 140 laser angioplasty procedures have been carried out using a pulsed Nd:YAG laser (Lumonics Ltd. Rugby, UK). The laser produces 100 microsecond(s) ec pulses at a wavelength of 1064 nm and a repetition rate of 10 Hz. All procedures were carried out for critical ischaemia or severe claudication in patients who had complete occlusion of the superficial femoral artery (SFA). All occlusions were over 5 cm in length or previous failures of balloon angioplasty and would otherwise have proceeded to bypass surgery. The occlusion was approached percutaneously via the ipsilateral femoral artery and successful recanalization was followed by balloon dilatation. Problems with access were encountered in 18% of the procedures, about half of which were subsequently repeated with successful access. There was failure of recanalization in 26% of the cases, five due to vessel perforation. These did not result in clinical sequelae. Early occlusion (procedure (range 3 - 47 months). Of the 19 patients who reoccluded, (mean 12.1 months, range 1 - 26 months), seven had bypass grafts, three underwent amputation (all three presented with rest pain), two had repeat laser procedures, and seven were treated conservatively. Thirteen percent of the patients have died, chiefly from cardiovascular disease elsewhere. Overall, continued patency has been achieved in 32% of limbs considered for laser treatment, but this rises to 60% of all initially successful procedures. In conclusion, laser angioplasty may avoid the need for vascular surgery in a significant number of patients.

  7. Incidental Pulmonary Embolism After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: Long-Term Clinical Follow-Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Kyongmin Sarah; Cho, Eun Kyung; Moon, Mi Hyung; Kim, Do-Yeon; Song, Hyun; Jung, Jung Im

    2018-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and natural history of incidentally found and untreated pulmonary embolism (PE) at coronary CT angiography after coronary artery bypass grafting. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 353 patients consecutively registered between January 1, 2010, and November 11, 2015, who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting followed within 2 weeks by coronary CT angiography. All patients received 100 mg of aspirin and 75 mg of clopidogrel after surgery. We collected relevant clinical and CT data, including total follow-up duration after coronary artery bypass grafting, follow-up CT findings, mortality, and incidence of any recurrent PE. PE was diagnosed in 22 of the 353 patients (6.2%) who remained in the study after the exclusion criteria were applied. Most of the PEs occurred at the segmental or subsegmental level. All patients were in hemodynamically stable condition, had no symptoms, and underwent follow-up for a median of 53 months (range 19-74 months). Twenty of the 22 patients did not receive anticoagulation, and all but one of these patients had complete resolution of PE at second follow-up coronary CT angiography (median, 149 days after surgery). There was no associated mortality or recurrent PE. Incidental PE after coronary artery bypass grafting is found in approximately 6% of patients undergoing postoperative coronary CT angiography, and most PEs resolve spontaneously without anticoagulation. No patient in this study died or had recurrent PE during a median follow-up period of 53 months.

  8. Broncholithiasis in a cat: clinical findings, long-term evolution and histopathological features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talavera, Jesus; del Palacio, María Josefa Fernandez; Bayon, Alejandro; Buendia, Antonio J; Sanchez, Joaquin

    2008-02-01

    A 14-year-old neutered male Persian cat was evaluated because of an acute exacerbation of a chronic cough of 2-3 years of duration. Physical examination was normal except for the auscultation of accentuated breath sounds and wheezes cranially on both sides of the chest. Complete blood count, biochemical parameters and urinalysis were normal. Thoracic radiographs showed a generalised nodular pattern with multiple mineral opacities. Oral prednisone and doxycycline were prescribed. Two weeks later, the frequency of the cough was significantly reduced. Terbutaline was recommended for relief of acute exacerbations. Three years later the cat was evaluated again due to a non-related disease that led to the euthanasia of the cat. Concerning its respiratory disease, the cat had experienced nearly asymptomatic periods of 3-6 weeks of duration punctuated by acute exacerbation periods of 7-10 days, during which terbutaline was useful to relieve the cough. Thoracic radiographs showed a mild increase in the size and extent of the pulmonary mineralisation. Histopathologically, mild bronchitis and bronchiectasis were evident, accompanied by calcified bronchial plugs and marked hyperplasia and hypertrophy of the seromucinous glands. Based on clinical and pathoanatomical findings, a final diagnosis of miliary broncholithiasis and bronchiectasis was made. Broncholithiasis should be considered in differential diagnosis of pulmonary mineralisation in cats. When no concomitant diseases are present, this rare disease appears to have a slowly progressive evolution that does not appear to carry a bad prognosis and may be satisfactorily managed with combinations of bronchodilators and corticosteroids.

  9. The long-term fiscal impact of funding cuts to Danish public fertility clinics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connolly, Mark P; Postma, Maarten J; Crespi, Simone; Andersen, Anders Nyboe; Ziebe, Søren

    2011-12-01

    This study evaluated the fiscal impact attributed to recent policy changes that limited funding to public fertility clinics in Denmark. Taking into consideration that introducing patient co-payments will influence the numbers of couples treated, the number of children born every year from assisted reproductive technology will be affected. To reflect the government perspective, the model assessed the average life course of a cohort of assisted-conception singletons taking into consideration age-specific, per-capita government transfers (e.g. education, health care, family allowances, education, pensions) and lifetime gross tax contributions to derive the discounted net tax contribution from assisted-conception singletons. An investment of €11,078 in a mother aged fiscal consequences of the policy change on the government over many generations. The analytical framework discussed here estimates the net tax revenue of a cohort of assisted-conception children and the discounted net tax revenue that these children pay to the Danish government over their lifetime. The analysis illustrates that the government will save more costs than those directly related to public fertility services because fewer children are likely to be born and consequently to require government services (e.g. education, health care, family allowances). However, over time as the assisted-conception cohort matures and enters the work force. the reduced number of assisted-conception children, attributed to the funding cuts, will negatively impact government accounts due to lost tax revenue. The policy analysis described here suggests that the economic impact of the fertility policy change is dependent on the time frame over which the analysis is considered. In the short term, it is possible to save on assisted reproduction treatment costs; however, taking into consideration the life course of the diminished size of the assisted-conception cohort, this will negatively influence government accounts in

  10. Multichannel wearable fNIRS-EEG system for long-term clinical monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassab, Ali; Le Lan, Jérôme; Tremblay, Julie; Vannasing, Phetsamone; Dehbozorgi, Mahya; Pouliot, Philippe; Gallagher, Anne; Lesage, Frédéric; Sawan, Mohamad; Nguyen, Dang Khoa

    2018-01-01

    Continuous brain imaging techniques can be beneficial for the monitoring of neurological pathologies (such as epilepsy or stroke) and neuroimaging protocols involving movement. Among existing ones, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) and electroencephalography (EEG) have the advantage of being noninvasive, nonobstructive, inexpensive, yield portable solutions, and offer complementary monitoring of electrical and local hemodynamic activities. This article presents a novel system with 128 fNIRS channels and 32 EEG channels with the potential to cover a larger fraction of the adult superficial cortex than earlier works, is integrated with 32 EEG channels, is light and battery-powered to improve portability, and can transmit data wirelessly to an interface for real-time display of electrical and hemodynamic activities. A novel fNIRS-EEG stretchable cap, two analog channels for auxiliary data (e.g., electrocardiogram), eight digital triggers for event-related protocols and an internal accelerometer for movement artifacts removal contribute to improve data acquisition quality. The system can run continuously for 24 h. Following instrumentation validation and reliability on a solid phantom, performance was evaluated on (1) 12 healthy participants during either a visual (checkerboard) task at rest or while pedalling on a stationary bicycle or a cognitive (language) task and (2) 4 patients admitted either to the epilepsy (n = 3) or stroke (n = 1) units. Data analysis confirmed expected hemodynamic variations during validation recordings and useful clinical information during in-hospital testing. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a wearable wireless multichannel fNIRS-EEG monitoring system in patients with neurological conditions. Hum Brain Mapp 39:7-23, 2018. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Short-term and Long-term Clinical Results of the Surgical Correction of Thumb-in-Palm Deformity in Patients With Cerebral Palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alewijnse, Juul V; Smeulders, Mark J C; Kreulen, Mick

    2015-12-01

    Thumb-in-palm deformity disturbs a functional grip of the hand in patients with cerebral palsy. Reported recurrence rates after surgical correction are contradicting and earlier studies are limited to short-term follow-up. Therefore, the aim of this retrospective clinical outcome study is to evaluate the success rate of surgical correction of thumb-in-palm deformity around 1 year and at a minimum of 5 years follow-up. In addition, long-term patient satisfaction of the treatment is evaluated. Patients with cerebral palsy who underwent a surgical correction for their thumb-in-palm deformity between April 2003 and April 2008 at the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam were included. All patients were classified into 4 categories according to the assessment system of the Committee on Spastic Hand Evaluation. The result of surgery was considered "short-term successful" and "long-term successful" when, respectively, short-term and long-term classification was better compared with preoperative. The association between the patient satisfaction outcomes and the long-term clinical outcomes were statistically analyzed. Data were collected from 39 patients and their charts. The success rate was 87% at short-term follow-up, which in the long term decreased to 80%. Interestingly, thumb position deteriorated in 29% of the patients between short-term and long-term follow-up. In the long term, 74% of the patients were satisfied with the position of their thumb and 87% would undergo the surgery again. Both these outcomes were statistically significant associated with the long-term success rate (Pthumb-in-palm deformity has a high clinical success rate and patient satisfaction in the long term. However, it should be taken into account that the clinical result around 1 year postoperative cannot be considered final.

  12. Dopamine Cell Implantation in Parkinson’s Disease: Long-Term Clinical and 18F-FDOPA PET Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yilong; Tang, Chengke; Chaly, Thomas; Greene, Paul; Breeze, Robert; Fahn, Stanley; Freed, Curt; Dhawan, Vijay; Eidelberg, David

    2010-01-01

    We have previously reported the results of a 1-y double-blind, placebo-controlled study of embryonic dopamine cell implantation for Parkinson’s disease. At the end of the blinded phase, we found a significant increase in putamen uptake on 18F-fluorodopa (18F-FDOPA) PET reflecting the viability of the grafts. Nonetheless, clinical improvement was significant only in younger (age ≤ 60 y) transplant recipients, as indicated by a reduction in Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor scores. Methods We now report long-term clinical and PET outcomes from 33 of the original trial participants who were followed for 2 y after transplantation and 15 of these subjects who were followed for 2 additional years. Longitudinal changes in UPDRS motor ratings and caudate and putamen 18F-FDOPA uptake were assessed with repeated-measures ANOVA. Relationships between these changes over time were evaluated by the analysis of within-subject correlations. Results We found that UPDRS motor ratings declined over time after transplantation (P < 0.001). Clinical improvement at 1 y was relatively better for the younger transplant recipients and for men, but these age and sex differences were not evident at longer-term follow-up. Significant increases in putamen 18F-FDOPA uptake were evident at all posttransplantation time points (P < 0.001) and were not influenced by either age or sex. Posttransplantation changes in putamen PET signal and clinical outcome were significantly intercorrelated (P < 0.02) over the course of the study. Image analysis at the voxel level revealed significant bilateral increases in 18F-FDOPA uptake at 1 y (P < 0.001) in the posterior putamen engraftment sites. PET signal in this region increased further at 2 and 4 y after engraftment. Concurrently, this analysis disclosed progressive declines in radiotracer uptake in the nonengrafted caudate and ventrorostral putamen. Clinical improvement after transplantation correlated with the retention of PET

  13. Increased postprandial energy expenditure may explain superior long term weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass compared to vertical banded gastroplasty.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malin Werling

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastric bypass results in greater weight loss than Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In addition to effects on energy intake the two bariatric techniques may differentially influence energy expenditure (EE. Gastric bypass in rats increases postprandial EE enough to result in elevated EE over 24 hours. This study aimed to investigate alterations in postprandial EE after gastric bypass and VBG in humans. METHODS: Fourteen women from a randomized clinical trial between gastric bypass (n = 7 and VBG (n = 7 were included. Nine years postoperatively and at weight stability patients were assessed for body composition and calorie intake. EE was measured using indirect calorimetry in a respiratory chamber over 24 hours and focused on the periods surrounding meals and sleep. Blood samples were analysed for postprandial gut hormone responses. RESULTS: Groups did not differ regarding body composition or food intake either preoperatively or at study visit. Gastric bypass patients had higher EE postprandially (p = 0.018 and over 24 hours (p = 0.048 compared to VBG patients. Postprandial peptide YY (PYY and glucagon like peptide 1 (GLP-1 levels were higher after gastric bypass (both p<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Gastric bypass patients have greater meal induced EE and total 24 hours EE compared to VBG patients when assessed 9 years postoperatively. Postprandial satiety gut hormone responses were exaggerated after gastric bypass compared to VBG. Long-term weight loss maintenance may require significant changes in several physiological mechanisms which will be important to understand if non-surgical approaches are to mimic the effects of bariatric surgery.

  14. Increased postprandial energy expenditure may explain superior long term weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass compared to vertical banded gastroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werling, Malin; Olbers, Torsten; Fändriks, Lars; Bueter, Marco; Lönroth, Hans; Stenlöf, Kaj; le Roux, Carel W

    2013-01-01

    Gastric bypass results in greater weight loss than Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In addition to effects on energy intake the two bariatric techniques may differentially influence energy expenditure (EE). Gastric bypass in rats increases postprandial EE enough to result in elevated EE over 24 hours. This study aimed to investigate alterations in postprandial EE after gastric bypass and VBG in humans. Fourteen women from a randomized clinical trial between gastric bypass (n = 7) and VBG (n = 7) were included. Nine years postoperatively and at weight stability patients were assessed for body composition and calorie intake. EE was measured using indirect calorimetry in a respiratory chamber over 24 hours and focused on the periods surrounding meals and sleep. Blood samples were analysed for postprandial gut hormone responses. Groups did not differ regarding body composition or food intake either preoperatively or at study visit. Gastric bypass patients had higher EE postprandially (p = 0.018) and over 24 hours (p = 0.048) compared to VBG patients. Postprandial peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon like peptide 1 (GLP-1) levels were higher after gastric bypass (both pGastric bypass patients have greater meal induced EE and total 24 hours EE compared to VBG patients when assessed 9 years postoperatively. Postprandial satiety gut hormone responses were exaggerated after gastric bypass compared to VBG. Long-term weight loss maintenance may require significant changes in several physiological mechanisms which will be important to understand if non-surgical approaches are to mimic the effects of bariatric surgery.

  15. Cortical N-acetyl aspartate is a predictor of long-term clinical disability in multiple sclerosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wu, Xingchen; Hanson, Lars G.; Skimminge, Arnold Jesper Møller

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of the cortical N-acetyl aspartate to creatine ratio (NAA/Cr) in early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Methods: Sixteen patients with newly diagnosed RRMS were studied by serial MRI and MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) once every 6 months...... for 24 months. Clinical examinations, including the expanded disability status scale (EDSS), were performed at baseline, month 24, and at year 7. Results: Baseline cortical NAA/Cr correlated inversely with EDSS at month 24 (r = -0.61, P = 4 had a lower baseline cortical...... parenchymal fraction (BPF) correlated inversely with EDSS at month 24 (r = -0.61, P disability after 2 and 7 years and may be used as a predictor of long-term disease outcome....

  16. Longitudinal Long-term Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Clinical Follow-up After Single-Row Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair: Clinical Superiority of Structural Tendon Integrity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heuberer, Philipp R; Smolen, Daniel; Pauzenberger, Leo; Plachel, Fabian; Salem, Sylvia; Laky, Brenda; Kriegleder, Bernhard; Anderl, Werner

    2017-05-01

    The number of arthroscopic rotator cuff surgeries is consistently increasing. Although generally considered successful, the reported number of retears after rotator cuff repair is substantial. Short-term clinical outcomes are reported to be rarely impaired by tendon retears, whereas to our knowledge, there is no study documenting long-term clinical outcomes and tendon integrity after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. To investigate longitudinal long-term repair integrity and clinical outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff reconstruction. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Thirty patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with suture anchors for a full-tendon full-thickness tear of the supraspinatus or a partial-tendon full-thickness tear of the infraspinatus were included. Two and 10 years after initial arthroscopic surgery, tendon integrity was analyzed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) score and Constant score as well as subjective questions regarding satisfaction with the procedure and return to normal activity were used to evaluate short- and long-term outcomes. At the early MRI follow-up, 42% of patients showed a full-thickness rerupture, while 25% had a partial rerupture, and 33% of tendons remained intact. The 10-year MRI follow-up (129 ± 11 months) showed 50% with a total rerupture, while the other half of the tendons were partially reruptured (25%) or intact (25%). The UCLA and Constant scores significantly improved from preoperatively (UCLA total: 50.6% ± 20.2%; Constant total: 44.7 ± 10.5 points) to 2 years (UCLA total: 91.4% ± 16.0% [ P Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair showed good clinical long-term results despite a high rate of retears. Nonetheless, intact tendons provided significantly superior clinical long-term outcomes, making the improvement of tendon healing and repair integrity important goals of future research efforts.

  17. Audit of Organic Acidurias from a Single Centre: Clinical and Metabolic Profile at Presentation with Long Term Outcome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sindgikar, Seema Pavaman; Shenoy, Krithika Damodar; Kamath, Nutan

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Organic Acidurias (OA) accounts between 10% and 40% of confirmed Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEM) in India. With prompt recognition and management, better survival but adverse neurodevelopmental outcome is reported. Aim To study the clinical and metabolic presentation, management with immediate and long term outcome of symptomatic children with confirmed OA. Materials and Methods Hospital based study of symptomatic children diagnosed to have OA between 2003 and 2009 and the survivors followed up over next five years. Diagnosis was based on clinical and metabolic presentation and confirmed by spectrometry analyses of urine and blood. Management, immediate outcome, compliance to treatment and recurrence of crises were documented. Neurodevelopmental outcome was assessed in follow up. Mean with Standard Error (Mean ± SE) and frequencies with percentages were calculated. Results Of 72 cases suspected to have IEM, 38 (52.8%) were confirmed of (IEM), and out of which 15 (39.5%) had OA. Methyl malonic acidemia, multiple carboxylase deficiency and Propionic Acidemia (PA) constituted the largest proportion. Neurodevelopmental issues (73.3%) and metabolic crisis (53.3%) were common presenting features. Mean ± SE of ammonia was 639.0±424.1 μg/dl and lactate was 33.6±4.9 mg/dl. Mean pH, bicarbonate, and anion gap was 7.27±0.07, 14.1±2.3 and 17.9±2.3 respectively. Management was protocol based. Death was reported in two cases of PA; other morbidities were seen in five. Recurrent crisis (46.7%) complicated the follow up in survivors. Spasticity, extrapyramidal movement disorder, intellectual subnormality, autism spectrum, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and sensory neural deafness were seen amongst survivors, in spite of compliance to therapy. Conclusion OA is part of differential diagnosis in sick children and treatment needs to be prompt and specific. Prognosis is guarded even with long term cofactor supplementation in the symptomatic. PMID

  18. Evaluating the clinical and physiological effects of long term ultraviolet B radiation on guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megan K Watson

    Full Text Available Vitamin D is an important hormone in vertebrates. Most animals acquire this hormone through their diet, secondary to exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB radiation, or a combination thereof. The objectives for this research were to evaluate the clinical and physiologic effects of artificial UVB light supplementation on guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus and to evaluate the long-term safety of artificial UVB light supplementation over the course of six months. Twelve juvenile acromelanic Hartley guinea pigs were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: Group A was exposed to 12 hours of artificial UVB radiation daily and Group B received only ambient fluorescent light for 12 hours daily. Animals in both groups were offered the same diet and housed under the same conditions. Blood samples were collected every three weeks to measure blood chemistry values, parathyroid hormone, ionized calcium, and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OHD3 levels. Serial ophthalmologic examinations, computed tomography scans, and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scans were performed during the course of the study. At the end of the study the animals were euthanized and necropsied. Mean ± SD serum 25-OHD3 concentrations differed significantly in the guinea pigs (p<0.0001 between the UVB supplementation group (101.49±21.81 nmol/L and the control group (36.33±24.42 nmol/L. An increased corneal thickness in both eyes was also found in the UVB supplementation compared to the control group (right eye [OD]: p<0.0001; left eye [OS]: p<0.0001. There were no apparent negative clinical or pathologic side effects noted between the groups. This study found that exposing guinea pigs to UVB radiation long term significantly increased their circulating serum 25-OHD3 levels, and that this increase was sustainable over time. Providing guinea pigs exposure to UVB may be an important husbandry consideration that is not currently recommended.

  19. Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent predictor of long-term clinical outcomes in Chinese octogenarians with acute coronary syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fu Z

    2015-09-01

    curve analysis indicated the predictive cutoff value of Hcy for all-cause mortality was 17.67 µmol/L (0.667, 0.681.Conclusion: In ACS octogenarians, hyperhomocysteinemia is an important predictor for long-term all-cause mortality and MACE. Keywords: acute coronary syndrome, octogenarian, homocysteine, clinical risk factors, outcomes

  20. Long-term outcomes from the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network Prescription Opioid Addiction Treatment Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Roger D; Potter, Jennifer Sharpe; Griffin, Margaret L; Provost, Scott E; Fitzmaurice, Garrett M; McDermott, Katherine A; Srisarajivakul, Emily N; Dodd, Dorian R; Dreifuss, Jessica A; McHugh, R Kathryn; Carroll, Kathleen M

    2015-05-01

    Despite the growing prevalence of prescription opioid dependence, longitudinal studies have not examined long-term treatment response. The current study examined outcomes over 42 months in the Prescription Opioid Addiction Treatment Study (POATS). POATS was a multi-site clinical trial lasting up to 9 months, examining different durations of buprenorphine-naloxone plus standard medical management for prescription opioid dependence, with participants randomized to receive or not receive additional opioid drug counseling. A subset of participants (N=375 of 653) enrolled in a follow-up study. Telephone interviews were administered approximately 18, 30, and 42 months after main-trial enrollment. Comparison of baseline characteristics by follow-up participation suggested few differences. At Month 42, much improvement was seen: 31.7% were abstinent from opioids and not on agonist therapy; 29.4% were receiving opioid agonist therapy, but met no symptom criteria for current opioid dependence; 7.5% were using illicit opioids while on agonist therapy; and the remaining 31.4% were using opioids without agonist therapy. Participants reporting a lifetime history of heroin use at baseline were more likely to meet DSM-IV criteria for opioid dependence at Month 42 (OR=4.56, 95% CI=1.29-16.04, popioid abstinence. Eight percent (n=27/338) used heroin for the first time during follow-up; 10.1% reported first-time injection heroin use. Long-term outcomes for those dependent on prescription opioids demonstrated clear improvement from baseline. However, a subset exhibited a worsening course, by initiating heroin use and/or injection opioid use. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. [Clinical safety and efficacy of single-chamber atrial pacing in sick sinus syndrome: long-term follow-up].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moríñigo, Jose L; Arribas, Antonio; Ledesma, Claudio; Sánchez, Pedro L; Martín, Francisco; Martín Luengo, Cándido

    2002-12-01

    Although atrial pacing is a more physiological mode of stimulation in sinus node dysfunction, the pacing modes most often are used DDD and VVI. The aim of our study was to demonstrate that AAI/AAIR pacing is effective and safe by analyzing the complications and mortality of this pacing mode in a long-term follow-up study. Between 1982 and 2000 definitive AAI-mode pacemakers were implanted for sinus node dysfunction in mode AAI in 160 patients. We analyzed the clinical characteristics, evolution, and complications of the AAI pacing mode during a follow-up of 5.4 4.5 years. The sample was made up of 104 women and 56 men with an average age of 72 12 years. During follow-up, it was necessary to change the pacing mode for symptomatic bradycardia in 11 patients (annual incidence 1.2%), which was caused by second or third-degree atrioventricular block in 7 patients (annual incidence 0.8%), and chronic atrial fibrillation with bradycardia in 4 patients (annual incidence 0.4%). During follow-up, atrial arrhythmias occurred in 32 patients (annual incidence 3.7%), stroke in 4 patients (annual incidence 0.4%), and 27 patients (annual incidence 3.1%) died. The AAI/AAIR pacing mode was safe and effective in sinus node dysfunction, with a low percentage of pacing changes required for progression to atrioventricular block, low incidence of atrial arrhythmias, stroke and low mortality during long term follow-up.

  2. Personality disorder moderates outcome in short- and long-term group analytic psychotherapy: A randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorentzen, Steinar; Ruud, Torleif; Fjeldstad, Anette; Høglend, Per A

    2015-06-01

    In a randomized clinical trial, short- and long-term psychodynamic group psychotherapy (STG and LTG, respectively) schedules were equally effective for the 'typical' patient during a 3-year study period. Although several studies have reported good effects for patients with personality disorders (PD) in diverse forms of psychotherapy, the significance of treatment duration is unclear. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that PD patients would improve more during and after LTG than STG. A randomized, longitudinal, prospective study contrasting the outcomes during and after short- and long-term dynamic group psychotherapies. One hundred and sixty-seven outpatients with mood disorders, anxiety disorders, or PD were randomized to STG or LTG (respectively, 20 or 80 weekly sessions of 90 min each). Outcome measures are as follows: symptoms (SCL-90-R), interpersonal problems (IIP-C), and psychosocial functioning (GAF split version: GAF-Symptom and GAF-Function). PD pathology (number of PD criteria items) was selected a priori as a putative moderator of treatment effects. Change during the 3-year study period was assessed using linear mixed models. The study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov as NCT 00021417. Our hypothesis was supported, as patients with PD improved significantly more regarding all outcome variables in LTG than STG. For patients without PD, the rate of change was similar across 3 years; however, the rate of change in symptoms and interpersonal problems was higher in STG during the first 6 months. The effectiveness of LTG is higher for patients with co-morbid PD. Patients without PD do not appear to experience additional gain from LTG. Clinical implications: LTG demonstrates better effectiveness than STG for patients with personality disorder co-morbidity (PD). Patients without PD do not appear to experience additional gain from attending LTG. Correct initial allocation to treatment duration may prevent disruptive breaks in relationships and lead to both

  3. Impact of renal insufficiency on long-term clinical outcome in patients with heart failure treated by cardiac resynchronization therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosoda, Junya; Ishikawa, Toshiyuki; Matsushita, Kohei; Matsumoto, Katsumi; Kimura, Yuichiro; Miyamoto, Mihoko; Ogawa, Hideyuki; Takamura, Takeshi; Sugano, Teruyasu; Ishigami, Tomoaki; Uchino, Kazuaki; Kimura, Kazuo; Umemura, Satoshi

    2012-10-01

    Renal insufficiency is recognized as a predictor of mortality and adverse outcome in heart failure (HF) patients. However, the long-term clinical outcome of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in Japanese HF patients with renal insufficiency remains uncertain. We evaluated 67 consecutive patients who underwent CRT at our hospital. The patients were divided into two groups according to a baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (e-GFR) cut-off value of 50ml/min, which is defined as the time at which patients should be referred to a nephrologist, by the Japanese Society of Nephrology. Follow-up echocardiographic findings and renal function were examined at 3-6 months after CRT. Then, we compared long-term clinical outcomes between the two groups, and analyzed the effect of CRT on renal function, echocardiographic parameters and cardiac survival. During a mean follow-up period of 30.3 months, patients with advanced renal insufficiency (e-GFR50ml/min) had significant higher all-cause mortality (log-rank p=0.033) and higher cardiac mortality combined with HF hospitalization (log-rank p=0.017) than patients with e-GFR≥50ml/min. Multivariate analysis revealed that advanced renal insufficiency was an independent predictor of cardiac mortality combined with HF hospitalization (odds ratio=3.01, p=0.008). Subgroup analysis in the baseline advanced renal insufficiency group revealed that patients with preserved renal function by CRT (<10% reduction in e-GFR) had a higher rate of decrease of left ventricular end-systolic diameter (-14.0% vs. -0.8%, p=0.023) and lower cardiac mortality combined with HF hospitalization (log-rank p=0.029) compared with patients with deterioration of renal function (≥10% reduction in e-GFR). The present study suggests that advanced renal insufficiency is quite useful for the prediction of worsening clinical outcomes in HF patients treated by CRT. Preservation of renal function by CRT brings about better cardiac survival through

  4. Long-term cost-effectiveness of home versus clinic-based management of chronic heart failure: the WHICH? study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maru, Shoko; Byrnes, Joshua M; Carrington, Melinda J; Stewart, Simon; Scuffham, Paul A

    2017-04-01

    The cost-effectiveness of a heart failure management intervention can be further informed by incorporating the expected benefits and costs of future survival. This study compared the long-term costs per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained from home-based (HBI) vs specialist clinic-based intervention (CBI) among elderly patients (mean age = 71 years) with heart failure discharged home (mean intervention duration = 12 months). Cost-utility analysis was conducted from a government-funded health system perspective. A Markov cohort model was used to simulate disease progression over 15 years based on initial data from a randomized clinical trial (the WHICH? study). Time-dependent hazard functions were modeled using the Weibull function, and this was compared against an alternative model where the hazard was assumed to be constant over time. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted to identify the key drivers of cost-effectiveness and quantify uncertainty in the results. During the trial, mortality was the highest within 30 days of discharge and decreased thereafter in both groups, although the declining rate of mortality was slower in CBI than HBI. At 15 years (extrapolated), HBI was associated with slightly better health outcomes (mean of 0.59 QALYs gained) and mean additional costs of AU$13,876 per patient. The incremental cost-utility ratio and the incremental net monetary benefit (vs CBI) were AU$23,352 per QALY gained and AU$15,835, respectively. The uncertainty was driven by variability in the costs and probabilities of readmissions. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed HBI had a 68% probability of being cost-effective at a willingness-to-pay threshold of AU$50,000 per QALY. Compared with CBI (outpatient specialized HF clinic-based intervention), HBI (home-based predominantly, but not exclusively) could potentially be cost-effective over the long-term in elderly patients with heart failure at a willingness-to-pay threshold of

  5. The clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of long-term weight management schemes for adults: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loveman, E; Frampton, G K; Shepherd, J; Picot, J; Cooper, K; Bryant, J; Welch, K; Clegg, A

    2011-01-01

    To assess the long-term clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of multicomponent weight management schemes for adults in terms of weight loss and maintenance of weight loss. Bibliographic databases were searched from inception to December 2009, including the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), and MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations. Bibliographies of related papers were screened, key conferences and symposia were searched and experts were contacted to identify additional published and unpublished references. For the clinical effectiveness review, two reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts for eligibility. Inclusion criteria were applied to the full text of retrieved papers by one reviewer and checked by a second reviewer using a pre-piloted inclusion flow chart. The studies were long-term randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of adult participants who were classified by body mass index as overweight or obese. Interventions were multicomponent weight management programmes (including diet, physical activity and behaviour change strategies) that assessed weight measures. Programmes that involved the use of over-the-counter medicines licensed in the UK were also eligible. For the cost-effectiveness review two reviewers independently screened studies for inclusion. Cost-effectiveness, cost-utility, cost-benefit or cost-consequence analyses were eligible. Data were extracted using a standardised and pre-piloted data extraction form. The quality of included studies was assessed using standard criteria. Studies were synthesised through a narrative review with full tabulation of results. A total of 3358 references were identified, of which 12 were included in the clinical effectiveness review. Five RCTs compared multicomponent interventions with non-active comparator groups. In general, weight loss appeared to be greater in the intervention groups than in the comparator groups. Two RCTs compared multicomponent interventions

  6. Clinical characteristics, management and long-term outcome of suspected rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder in 14 dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schubert, T A; Chidester, R M; Chrisman, C L

    2011-02-01

    To describe the clinical characteristics, management and long-term outcome in dogs with suspected rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder. Medical records and video recordings of 14 dogs with suspected rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder were reviewed and the owners were contacted via telephone or email for further information. Clinical signs included episodes of violent limb movements, howling, barking, growling, chewing, or biting during sleep. Episodes occurred at night and during daytime naps. The age at onset ranged from 8 weeks to 7·5 years with a median of 6 years but 64% of dogs were one year or less. There was no apparent sex or breed predisposition. Rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder events were reduced in severity and frequency in 78% of the dogs treated with 40 mg/kg/day oral potassium bromide. One dog was euthanized within 3 months of the onset of signs because of their severity. The duration of the disorder in the 13 surviving dogs ranged from 1·5 to 9 years. None of the dogs spontaneously recovered. Rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder is suspected to occur in dogs, as it does in human beings. It causes concern to the owners and disrupts the home environment. Unlike human beings, rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder of dogs often has a juvenile onset. © 2011 British Small Animal Veterinary Association.

  7. Impact of Postprocedural TIMI Flow on Long-Term Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dae-Won; Her, Sung-Ho; Park, Mahn-Won; Cho, Jung Sun; Kim, Tae-Seok; Kang, Hyeonjeong; Sim, Doo Sun; Hong, Young Joon; Kim, Ju Han; Ahn, Youngkeun; Chang, Kiyuk; Chung, Wook-Sung; Seung, Ki-Bae; Jeong, Myung-Ho; Rho, Tai-Ho

    2017-10-21

    This study aimed to evaluate the clinical prognostic implications of postprocedural Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow in acute myocardial infarction patients. A total of 2796 ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 1720 non ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients treated in 8 hospitals affiliated with the Catholic University of Korea and Chonnam National University Hospital were analyzed. The study populations were divided according to the final TIMI flow. The primary outcome were the major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as a composite of cardiac deaths (CD), nonfatal myocardial infarctions (MI), and target lesion revascularization (TLR). Over a median follow-up of 3.3 years (minimum 2 to maximum 5 years), MACE and CD occurred more frequently in STEMI patients with TIMI ≤ 2 group than those with TIMI 3 (MACE: adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.962; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.513 to 2.546, P TIMI flow after PCI was associated with favorable clinical outcomes. And the effect of poor TIMI flow in STEMI was on death, not the components of MACE. Meanwhile, postprocedural TIMI flow had no effect on long-term outcomes in NSTEMI patients.

  8. Automaticity: design of a registry to assess long-term acceptance and clinical impact of Automatic Algorithms in Insignia pacemakers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alings, Marco; Vorstenbosch, Jan-Mark; Reeve, Helen

    2009-03-01

    Worldwide, the number of implants of pacemakers is steadily increasing and this poses an incremental burden on outpatient clinics. While device manufacturers have developed safe and effective automatic algorithms to lighten this workload, the clinical utilization of these algorithms has not been well studied. The Automaticity study is the first large-scale, worldwide registry to evaluate physician's acceptance of automatic algorithms for ventricular capture, automatic sensing, and automatic optimization of sensor settings. The primary objective of the registry is to determine the percentage of patients who have any of the 'Automaticity Algorithms' reprogrammed within 12 months of pacemaker implant. Patients will be implanted with a commercially available pacemaker (Insignia I/Nexus I Ultra or Insignia I/Nexus I AVT, Boston Scientific CRM, St Paul, MN, USA). At discharge, all the 'Automaticity Algorithms' are to be programmed to 'Auto/On'. Data collection on changes in device programming, physician's perception of algorithm function, and adverse events will occur for 12 months following device implant. The Automaticity study is the first large-scale, prospective, multi-site, international registry designed to assess the long-term acceptance of automatic pacemaker algorithms for adjustment of the ventricular output, atrial and ventricular sensitivity, and optimization of minute ventilation and accelerometer settings.

  9. Clinical phenotypes and outcome of patients hospitalized for acute heart failure: the ESC Heart Failure Long-Term Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chioncel, Ovidiu; Mebazaa, Alexandre; Harjola, Veli-Pekka; Coats, Andrew J; Piepoli, Massimo Francesco; Crespo-Leiro, Maria G; Laroche, Cecile; Seferovic, Petar M; Anker, Stefan D; Ferrari, Roberto; Ruschitzka, Frank; Lopez-Fernandez, Silvia; Miani, Daniela; Filippatos, Gerasimos; Maggioni, Aldo P

    2017-10-01

    To identify differences in clinical epidemiology, in-hospital management and 1-year outcomes among patients hospitalized for acute heart failure (AHF) and enrolled in the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Long-Term (ESC-HF-LT) Registry, stratified by clinical profile at admission. The ESC-HF-LT Registry is a prospective, observational study collecting hospitalization and 1-year follow-up data from 6629 AHF patients. Among AHF patients enrolled in the registry, 13.2% presented with pulmonary oedema (PO), 2.9% with cardiogenic shock (CS), 61.1% with decompensated heart failure (DHF), 4.8% with hypertensive heart failure (HT-HF), 3.5% with right heart failure (RHF) and 14.4% with AHF and associated acute coronary syndromes (ACS-HF). The 1-year mortality rate was 28.1% in PO, 54.0% in CS, 27.2% in DHF, 12.8% in HT-HF, 34.0% in RHF and 20.6% in ACS-HF patients. When patients were classified by systolic blood pressure (SBP) at initial presentation, 1-year mortality was 34.8% in patients with SBP 140 mmHg. These differences tended to diminish in the months post-discharge, and 1-year mortality for the patients who survived at least 6 months post-discharge did not vary significantly by either clinical profile or SBP classification. Rates of adverse outcomes in AHF remain high, and substantial differences have been found when patients were stratified by clinical profile or SBP. However, patients who survived at least 6 months post-discharge represent a more homogeneous group and their 1-year outcome is less influenced by clinical profile or SBP at admission. © 2017 The Authors. European Journal of Heart Failure © 2017 European Society of Cardiology.

  10. The Long-term Clinical Outcome after Corneal Collagen Cross-linking in Korean Patients with Progressive Keratoconus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Tae Gi; Kim, Ki Young; Han, Jung Bin; Jin, Kyung Hyun

    2016-10-01

    To evaluate the long-term clinical effectiveness and safety of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in progressive keratoconus compared with untreated contralateral eyes. In this retrospective study, nine eyes of nine patients with progressive keratoconus who received CXL (treatment group) and nine untreated contralateral eyes with keratoconus (control group) were included. All patients were followed for at least 5 years and assessed with best-corrected visual acuity, maximum keratometry, mean keratometry, corneal astigmatism, and corneal thickness. Clinical data were collected preoperatively and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months, postoperatively. Mean best-corrected visual acuity improved significantly from 0.58 ± 0.37 logarithm of minimum angle of resolution preoperatively to 0.39 ± 0.29 logarithm of minimum angle of resolution at 5 years after corneal CXL (p = 0.012). There was significant flattening of the maximum keratometry and mean keratometry from preoperative values of 63.39 ± 10.89 and 50.87 ± 6.27 diopter (D) to postoperative values of 60.89 ± 11.29 and 49.54 ± 7.23 D, respectively (p = 0.038, 0.021). Corneal astigmatism decreased significantly from 7.20 ± 1.83 D preoperatively to 5.41 ± 1.79 D postoperatively (p = 0.021). The thinnest corneal thickness decreased from 434.00 ± 54.13 to 365.78 ± 71.58 µm during 1 month after treatment, then increased to 402.67 ± 52.55 µm at 5 years, which showed a statistically significant decrease compared to the baseline (p = 0.020). In the untreated contralateral eyes, mean keratometry increased significantly at 2 years compared with the baseline (p = 0.043). CXL seems to be an effective and safe treatment for halting the progression of keratoconus over a long-term follow-up period of up to 5 years in progressive keratoconus.

  11. Long-term clinical impact and cost-effectiveness of obeticholic acid for the treatment of primary biliary cholangitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samur, Sumeyye; Klebanoff, Matthew; Banken, Reiner; Pratt, Daniel S; Chapman, Rick; Ollendorf, Daniel A; Loos, Anne M; Corey, Kathleen; Hur, Chin; Chhatwal, Jagpreet

    2017-03-01

    Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic, progressive autoimmune liver disease that mainly affects middle-aged women. Obeticholic acid (OCA), which was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for PBC treatment, has demonstrated positive effects on biochemical markers of liver function. Our objective was to evaluate the long-term clinical impact and cost-effectiveness of OCA as a second-line treatment for PBC in combination with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) in adults with an inadequate response to UDCA. We developed a mathematical model to simulate the lifetime course of PBC patients treated with OCA+UDCA versus UDCA alone. Efficacy data were derived from the phase 3 PBC OCA International Study of Efficacy trial, and the natural history of PBC was informed by published clinical studies. Model outcomes were validated using the PBC Global Study. We found that in comparison with UDCA, OCA+UDCA could decrease the 15-year cumulative incidences of decompensated cirrhosis from 12.2% to 4.5%, hepatocellular carcinoma from 9.1% to 4.0%, liver transplants from 4.5% to 1.2%, and liver-related deaths from 16.2% to 5.7% and increase 15-year transplant-free survival from 61.1% to 72.9%. The lifetime cost of PBC treatment would increase from $63,000 to $902,000 (1,330% increment). The discounted quality-adjusted life years with UDCA and OCA+UDCA were 10.74 and 11.78, respectively, and the corresponding costs were $142,300 and $633,900, resulting in an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $473,400/quality-adjusted life year gained. The results were most sensitive to the cost of OCA. OCA is a promising new therapy to substantially improve the long-term outcomes of PBC patients, but at its current annual price of $69,350, it is not cost-effective using a willingness-to-pay threshold of $100,000/quality-adjusted life year; pricing below $18,450/year is needed to make OCA cost-effective. (Hepatology 2017;65:920-928). © 2016 by the American Association for the

  12. The long-term clinical and MRI results following eccentric calf muscle training in chronic Achilles tendinosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaerdin, Anna; Shalabi, Adel [Karolinska University Hospital/Huddinge, Departments of Radiology, Karolinska Institutet, Clintec, Stockholm (Sweden); Movin, Tomas [Karolinska University Hospital/Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Departments of Orthopedics, Stockholm (Sweden); Svensson, Leif [Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital/Huddinge, Departments of Medical Physics, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2010-05-15

    To evaluate the long-term results following eccentric calf-muscle training in patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy. A total of 24 patients with chronic Achilles tendinopathy were included in a study evaluating MRI findings and clinical symptoms before and after 3 months of daily eccentric calf-muscle strength training. Median duration of symptoms was 18 months (range 6-120). Four of the patients did not perform the prescribed treatment for different reasons and were followed for 14 months. The resulting 20 treated patients completed 4.2-year (range 29-58 months) follow up. Tendon volume was evaluated by using 3D seed growing technique and signal abnormalities were visually semi-quantitatively graded. Level of pain and performance was categorized using a questionnaire completed by the patient. In the symptomatic treated patients, median intensity level of pain decreased from moderate/severe at time of inclusion to mild at follow up (p < 0.05). Median level of performance increased from severe impairment at time of inclusion to normal at follow up (p < 0.05). 12 out of 20 patients had raised intratendinous signal at time of inclusion compared to 2 out of 20 patients at follow up (p < 0.001). Mean tendon-volume measured 6.7 cm{sup 3} (SD 2.0) at time of inclusion and 6.4 cm{sup 3} (SD 2.0) at follow up (p = 0.18). The four symptomatic non-treated tendons did not improve regarding pain, performance, intratendinous signal or tendon volume. We found decreased pain, improved performance and decreased intratendinous signal both compared to index examination and immediately after the 3 months training regimen in a 4.2-year clinical and MRI follow up, in a group of patients treated with heavy loaded eccentric calf-muscle training for chronic Achilles tendinopathy. The improvements were greater at 4.2-year follow up, despite no further active treatment, than immediately after the treatment. This may indicate a good long-term prognosis for Achilles tendinosis patients

  13. Evaluation of bleeding following dental extraction in patients on long-term antiplatelet therapy: A clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K George Varghese

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Hence, we recommend routine single tooth extractions in patients on long-term antiplatelet medication, without interruption or alteration of their medication. Such patients do not have an increased risk of prolonged or excessive postoperative bleeding.

  14. Long-term clinical impact of PSA surge in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated with abiraterone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conteduca, Vincenza; Caffo, Orazio; Lolli, Cristian; Aieta, Michele; Scarpi, Emanuela; Bianchi, Emanuela; Maines, Francesca; Schepisi, Giuseppe; Salvi, Samanta; Massari, Francesco; Carrozza, Francesco; Veccia, Antonello; Chiuri, Vincenzo E; Campadelli, Enrico; Facchini, Gaetano; De Giorgi, Ugo

    2017-06-01

    Early changes in PSA have been evaluated in association to treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to assess PSA surge phenomenon in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients treated with abiraterone and to correlate those variations with long-term treatment outcome. We retrospectively evaluated 330 CRPC patients in 11 Italian hospitals, monitoring PSA levels at baseline and every 4 weeks. Other clinical, biochemical and molecular parameters were determined at baseline. We considered PSA surge as PSA increase within the first 8 weeks from starting abiraterone more than 1% from baseline followed by a PSA decline. The log-rank test was applied to compare survival between groups of patients according to PSA surge. The impact of PSA surge on survival was evaluated by Cox regression analyses. A total of 330 patients with CRPC, median age 74 years (range, 45-90), received abiraterone (281 chemotherapy-treated and 49 chemotherapy-naïve). PSA surge was observed in 20 (7%) post-chemotherapy and 2 (4%) chemotherapy-naïve patients. For overall patients presenting PSA surge, timing of PSA peak from baseline was 5 ± 1.8 weeks and PSA rise from baseline was 21 ± 18.4%. The overall median follow-up was 23 months (range 1-62). No significant differences in progression-free survival and overall survival were observed between patients with and without PSA surge (P = 0.16 and =0.86, respectively). In addition, uni- and multivariate analyses showed no baseline factors related to PSA surge. PSA surge occurs in both chemotherapy-treated and chemotherapy-naïve patients treated with abiraterone resulting, however, in no long-term impact on outcome. Physicians and patients should be aware of PSA surge challenge to prevent a premature discontinuation of potentially effective therapy with abiraterone. Further larger and prospective studies are warranted to investigate this not infrequent phenomenon. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. PDF-ECG in clinical practice: A model for long-term preservation of digital 12-lead ECG data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sassi, Roberto; Bond, Raymond R; Cairns, Andrew; Finlay, Dewar D; Guldenring, Daniel; Libretti, Guido; Isola, Lamberto; Vaglio, Martino; Poeta, Roberto; Campana, Marco; Cuccia, Claudio; Badilini, Fabio

    In clinical practice, data archiving of resting 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) is mainly achieved by storing a PDF report in the hospital electronic health record (EHR). When available, digital ECG source data (raw samples) are only retained within the ECG management system. The widespread availability of the ECG source data would undoubtedly permit successive analysis and facilitate longitudinal studies, with both scientific and diagnostic benefits. PDF-ECG is a hybrid archival format which allows to store in the same file both the standard graphical report of an ECG together with its source ECG data (waveforms). Using PDF-ECG as a model to address the challenge of ECG data portability, long-term archiving and documentation, a real-world proof-of-concept test was conducted in a northern Italy hospital. A set of volunteers undertook a basic ECG using routine hospital equipment and the source data captured. Using dedicated web services, PDF-ECG documents were then generated and seamlessly uploaded in the hospital EHR, replacing the standard PDF reports automatically generated at the time of acquisition. Finally, the PDF-ECG files could be successfully retrieved and re-analyzed. Adding PDF-ECG to an existing EHR had a minimal impact on the hospital's workflow, while preserving the ECG digital data. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. A thin tracheal silicone washer to solve periprosthetic leakage in laryngectomies: direct results and long-term clinical effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilgers, Frans J M; Soolsma, Jessica; Ackerstaff, Annemieke H; Balm, Fons J M; Tan, I Bing; van den Brekel, Michiel W M

    2008-04-01

    Assessment of the immediate results and long-term clinical effects of a thin silicone washer placed behind the tracheal flange of voice prostheses to treat periprosthetic leakage. Three year retrospective analysis of 32 laryngectomized patients with 107 periprosthetic leakage events (PLEs). Custom-made silicone washers (outer diameter 18 mm, inner diameter 7.5 mm, thickness 0.5 mm) were placed behind the tracheal flange either in combination with prosthesis replacement or later. There was immediate resolution of periprosthetic leakage in 88 PLEs (median, 38 d; mean, 53 d; range, 8-330 d) and in 6 PLEs with the washer still in situ at the date of analysis (median, 75; mean, 97 d; range, 38-240 d). There was no resolution for periprosthetic leakage in 13 PLEs. Thus, in total, 94 of 107 PLEs (88%) were successfully resolved. In 29 of 32 (91%) patients, the washer resolved the problem at least in one PLE successfully. Twelve of 32 patients, including all 3 with washer failures, also required other interventions to ultimately solve the problem. The vast majority of patients (80%) did not consider placement of the washer to be inconvenient. In consideration of the high success rate and limited inconvenience for patients, this simple thin silicon washer application provides a good first option for the treatment of periprosthetic leakage.

  17. [Clinical and prognostic aspects of spontaneous fractures in long term care units: a thirty month prospective study. Eastern Gerontology Society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin-Hunyadi, C; Kaltenbach, G; Heitz, D; Demuynck-Roegel, C; Berthel, M; Kuntzmann, F

    2000-09-01

    Spontaneous fractures (stress and bone insufficiency fractures) are well described in young healthy patients; however, few studies were conducted in the elderly. A 30-month prospective clinical and epidemiological survey including elderly patients from long-term nursing homes (LTNH) of the Société de Gérontologie de l'Est (70 centers; 11,495 elderly patients in total) was conducted. Sixty-seven spontaneous fractures were encountered in 30 LTNH (3,052 elderly patients) (five stress fractures of the foot, 62 bone insufficiency fractures). The mean age of bedridden patients was 85 +/- 7 years. The prevalence of spontaneous fractures (calculated from the number of patients admitted consecutively in LTNHs) was 0.34% in the whole population (11,495 beds). When the calculation was based on LTNH reports of spontaneous fractures (3,052 elderly patients), the prevalence reached 1.3%. Fractures of long bones were common in elderly patients and included 15 fractures of the femoral neck, 14 fractures of either the tibia or fibula, 13 fractures of the femoral shaft, and 11 fractures of the humerus. Fractures of the femoral shaft were associated with the highest mortality: seven out of 13 patients died versus two out of 15 patients with regard to fractures of the femoral neck (P fractures have not the same course in young healthy patients as those in elderly nursing home patients: they more often concern long bones and their prognosis is worse. Means of prevention still have to be defined.

  18. Effect of Talbinah food consumption on depressive symptoms among elderly individuals in long term care facilities, randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badrasawi, Manal M; Shahar, Suzana; Abd Manaf, Zahara; Haron, Hasnah

    2013-01-01

    Talbinah is a barley syrup cooked with milk and sweetened by honey. In his famous Hadith on Talbinah, the Prophet Mohammad (SAW) recommended it when sad events happen for its effect on soothing hearts and relieving sadness. This 3-week crossover designed, randomized clinical trial was conducted to determine the effect of Talbinah on mood and depression among institutionalized elderly people in Seremban. A sample of 30 depressed elderly subjects (21 men and 9 women) was selected from the long term care facility. Three different interview-based validated scales (Geriatric Depression Scale, Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, and Profile of Mood States) were used to determine mood, depression, stress, and anxiety at week 0, 3, 4, and 7. The nutritional value of Talbinah was examined using proximate food analysis, minerals content analysis, and differential amino acid analysis. The results indicated that Talbinah is a high carbohydrate food (86.4%) and has a high tryptophan: branch chain amino acids ratio (1:2). A Wilcoxon nonparametric test showed that there was a statistically significant decrease on depression, stress, and mood disturbances scores among the intervention group (P < 0.05) for all parameters. In conclusion, Talbinah has the potential to reduce depression and enhance mood among the subjects. Ingestion of functional foods such as Talbinah may provide a mental health benefit to elderly people.

  19. The effect of glucosamine sulphate on osteoarthritis: design of a long-term randomised clinical trial [ISRCTN54513166

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ginai Abida Z

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pharmacological treatment for osteoarthritis (OA can be divided into two groups: symptom-modifying drugs and disease-modifying drugs. Symptom-modifying drugs are currently the prescription of choice for patients with OA, as disease-modifying drugs are not yet available in usual care. However, there has recently been a lot of debate about glucosamine sulphate (GS, a biological agent that is thought to have both symptom-modifying and disease-modifying properties. This assumption has yet to be proved. The objective of this article is to present the design of a blind randomised clinical trial that examines the long-term symptom-modifying and disease-modifying effectiveness of GS in patients with hip OA. This trial is ongoing and will finish in March 2006. Methods/design Patients with hip OA meeting the ACR-criteria are randomly allocated to either 1500 mg of oral GS or placebo for the duration of two years. The primary outcome measures, which are joint space narrowing (JSN, and change in the pain and function score of the Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC, are determined at baseline and after two years of follow-up during the final assessment. Intermediate measures at three-month intervals throughout the trial are used to study secondary outcome measures. Secondary outcome measures are changes in WOMAC stiffness score, quality of life, medical consumption, side effects and differences in biomarker CTX-II.

  20. Short- and long-term safety outcomes with ixekizumab from 7 clinical trials in psoriasis: Etanercept comparisons and integrated data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strober, Bruce; Leonardi, Craig; Papp, Kim A; Mrowietz, Ulrich; Ohtsuki, Mamitaro; Bissonnette, Robert; Ferris, Laura K; Paul, Carle; Lebwohl, Mark; Braun, Daniel K; Mallbris, Lotus; Wilhelm, Stefan; Xu, Wen; Ljungberg, Anders; Acharya, Nayan; Reich, Kristian

    2017-03-01

    Safety of biologics is important when treating patients with psoriasis. We sought to determine the safety of ixekizumab in psoriasis. Integrated safety data are presented from a 12-week induction period, a 12- to 60-week maintenance period, and from all ixekizumab-treated patients from 7 clinical trials. Exposure-adjusted incidence rates (IRs) per 100 patient-years are reported. Overall, 4209 patients received ixekizumab (total exposure: 6480 patient-years). During the induction period, the IRs of patients experiencing 1 or more treatment-emergent adverse event (AE) were 251 and 236 among ixekizumab- and etanercept-treated patients, respectively, and for serious AEs was 8.3 in both groups. During maintenance, for ixekizumab, the IRs of treatment-emergent AEs and serious AEs were 100.4 and 7.8, respectively. Among all ixekizumab-treated patients from 7 trials, the IR of Candida infections was 2.5. The IRs of treatment-emergent AEs of special interest (including serious infections, malignancies, major adverse cardiovascular events) were comparable for ixekizumab and etanercept during the induction period. Additional long-term data are required. Ixekizumab had an acceptable safety profile with no unexpected safety findings during ixekizumab maintenance in psoriasis. Copyright © 2016 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Long-term assessment of clinical outcomes of ultrasound-guided steroid injections in patients with piriformis syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hee Seok Jeong

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of ultrasound (US-guided steroid injections in patients with piriformis syndrome. Methods: Between January 2010 and October 2012, 63 patients (23 men and 40 women; average age, 63.2 years; range, 24 to 90 years were diagnosed with piriformis syndrome based on clinical history, electromyography, and flexion-adduction-internal rotation test results. They were divided into two groups. The first group (37 subjects received a US-guided steroid injection around the piriformis muscle. The second group (26 subjects received both piriformis muscle and spinal epidural injections. The therapeutic effect was categorized as improvement, partial improvement, or failure depending on the degree of symptom alleviation one month after injection, based on a review of each patient’s medical records. Results: In the first group, 15 patients (40.5% showed improvement, seven (18.9% showed partial improvement, and 15 (40.5% failed to respond to the initial treatment. In the second group, eight patients (30.8% showed improvement, 11 (42.3% showed partial improvement, and seven (26.9% failed to respond to the initial treatment. A second piriformis injection was performed in four cases, after which two patients showed improvement within 3 years, but the other two showed no therapeutic effect. Conclusion: US-guided steroid injection may be an effective treatment option for patients with piriformis syndrome.

  2. Clinical significance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in residents in community long-term-care facilities in Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manzur, A; De Gopegui, E Ruiz; Dominguez, M; Mariscal, D; Gavalda, L; Perez, J L; Segura, F; Pujol, M

    2012-03-01

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is highly prevalent in Spanish hospitals and community long-term-care facilities (LTCFs). This longitudinal study was performed in community LTCFs to determine whether MRSA colonization is associated with MRSA infections and overall mortality. Nasal and decubitus ulcer cultures were performed every 6 months for an 18-month period on 178 MRSA-colonized residents (86 490 patient-days) and 196 non-MRSA carriers (97 470 patient-days). Fourteen residents developed MRSA infections and 10 of these were skin and soft tissue infections. Two patients with respiratory infections required hospitalization. The incidence rate of MRSA infection was 0·12/1000 patient-days in MRSA carriers and 0·05/1000 patient-days in non-carriers (P=0·46). No difference in MRSA infection rate was found according to the duration of MRSA colonization (P=0·69). The mortality rate was 20·8% in colonized residents and 16·8% in non-carriers; four residents with MRSA infection died. Overall mortality was statistically similar in both cohorts. Our results suggest that despite a high prevalence of MRSA colonization in LTCFs, MRSA infections are neither frequent nor severe while colonized residents remain at the facility. The epidemiological impact of an MRSA reservoir is more relevant than the clinical impact of this colonization for an individual resident and supports current recommendations to control MRSA spread in community LTCFs.

  3. Four-hour delayed memory recall for stories: Theoretical and clinical implications of measuring accelerated long-term forgetting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladowsky-Brooks, Ricki L

    2016-01-01

    It has been noted that clinical neuropsychological assessment is "blind" to certain abnormalities of consolidation that occur beyond standard 30-min delay intervals. For example, normal forgetting at 30-min delays has been followed by enhanced forgetting at longer delays in temporal-lobe epilepsy, termed accelerated long-term forgetting (ALF). To evaluate whether ALF could be identified in the neuropsychological assessment of a small sample of examinees with head injuries or other neurological diagnoses (n = 42), a 4-hr delayed recall condition was added to the Logical Memory subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Third Edition. A small percentage of examinees (5/42 or 11%), despite exhibiting unimpaired story recall immediately and after 30-min delays, showed increased forgetting when compared with the average retention of stories (M = 0.83, SD = 0.17) after a 4-hr delay. Three of these 5 examinees also had impaired scores on 20-min delayed recall of the California Verbal Learning Test-Second Edition (CVLT-II) and would have been identified as having memory impairment without an extended, 4-hr delayed recall. In fact, the highest correlation among memory indexes was between 4-hr delayed recall of stories and delayed recall of the CVLT-II word list (r = .59, p < .0001), suggesting different consolidation rates for relational and nonrelational material.

  4. Atypical clinical presentation and long-term survival in a patient with optic nerve medulloepithelioma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pastora-Salvador Natalia

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Medulloepithelioma is a rare congenital tumor of the primitive medullary neuroepithelium. A significant proportion of patients with medulloepithelioma arising from the optic nerve die from intracranial spread or cerebral metastasis. Because it has no known distinct clinical features and because of its low frequency, this tumor presents within the first two to six years of life and is usually misdiagnosed clinically as a different type of optic nerve tumor. Here, we describe a new and atypical case of medulloepithelioma of the optic nerve in a 12-year-old boy. To the best of our knowledge, he is the oldest reported patient to present with this disease and, now as an adult, has the longest documented period of disease-free survival. Case presentation A 12-year-old Caucasian boy with headache and unilateral amaurosis was referred for a presumed optic nerve glioma to our hospital. A computed tomography scan showed optic nerve enlargement, and fundoscopy showed a whitish mass at the optic disc. Our patient had been followed at his local hospital for four years for an 'optic disc cyst' with no change or progression. He experienced mild progressive visual impairment during that period. He was admitted for resection, and a histopathological analysis revealed a medulloepithelioma of the optic nerve. Supplemental orbital radiotherapy was performed. He remained disease-free for 25 years. Conclusions Medulloepithelioma of the optic nerve can clinically mimic more common pediatric tumors, such as optic glioma, meningioma, or retinoblastoma. Thus, medulloepithelioma should be included in the differential diagnoses of pediatric optic nerve lesions. Fundoscopy in these patients may provide relevant information for diagnosis. Anterior optic nerve medulloepitheliomas may behave differently from and have a better prognosis than medulloepitheliomas that have a more posterior location. Our case report illustrates that long-term survival can be

  5. Management of women with human papillomavirus persistence: long-term follow-up of a randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfgren, Kristina; Elfström, K Miriam; Naucler, Pontus; Arnheim-Dahlström, Lisen; Dillner, Joakim

    2017-03-01

    Introduction of human papillomavirus-based screening is ongoing in many countries, given its higher sensitivity and longer-lasting protection compared with cytology-based screening. However, optimal clinical management of human papillomavirus-positive but cytology-negative women is unclear, and additional studies with clinical follow-up are warranted. The aim of the current study was to investigate the long-term outcomes of the clinical management used in a double-blind, randomized clinical trial of human papillomavirus screening conducted in the context of the routine, organized screening program in Sweden. Among 12,527 women aged 32-38 years enrolled in the trial, we followed up the 195 women who attended the colposcopy screening who were cytologically normal but persistently human papillomavirus positive (at least 12 months later; median, 19 months) in the human papillomavirus testing arm (n = 100) or were randomly selected from the control arm (n = 95). Women in the human papillomavirus testing arm were followed up with repeated human papillomavirus testing, cytologies, and colposcopies if persistently human papillomavirus-positive without cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse. A similar number of random colposcopies and tests were carried out in the control arm. Women were followed up over 13 years for the main outcome measures: cumulative incidence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or worse. Among women who continued to attend and had continuous human papillomavirus persistence, all (40 of 40, 100% [95% confidence interval, 91-100%]) developed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse. There were no cases among women who cleared their human papillomavirus persistence (0 of 35, 0% (95% confidence interval, 0-10%) (P < .001). Among women who had had human papillomavirus persistence but did not continue with repeated human papillomavirus tests (unknown persistence

  6. Radiating low back pain in general practice: Incidence, prevalence, diagnosis, and long-term clinical course of illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groenhof, Feikje; Winters, Jan C.; van Wijhe, Marten; Groenier, Klaas H.; van der Meer, Klaas

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to calculate the incidence and prevalence of radiating low back pain, to explore the long-term clinical course of radiating low back pain including the influence of radiculopathy (in a subsample of the study population) and non-radiating low back pain thereon, and to describe general practitioners’ (GPs’) treatment strategies for radiating low back pain. Design. A historic prospective cohort study. Setting. Dutch general practice. Subjects. Patients over 18 years of age with a first episode of radiating low back pain, registered by the ICPC code L86. Main outcome measures. Incidence and prevalence, clinical course of illness, initial diagnoses established by the GPs, and treatment strategies. Results. Mean incidence was 9.4 and mean prevalence was 17.2 per 1000 person years. In total, 390 patients had 1193 contacts with their GPs; 50% had only one contact with their GP. Consultation rates were higher in patients with a history of non-radiating low back pain and in patients with a diagnosis of radiculopathy in the first five years. In this study's subsample of 103 patients, L86 episodes represented radiculopathy in 50% of cases. Medication was prescribed to 64% of patients, mostly NSAIDs. Some 53% of patients were referred, mainly to physiotherapists and neurologists; 9% of patients underwent surgery. Conclusion. Watchful waiting seems to be sufficient general practice care in most cases of radiating low back pain. Further research should be focused on clarifying the relationship between radicular radiating low back pain, non-radicular radiating low back pain, and non-radiating low back pain. PMID:25693788

  7. Long-term effect of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in recurrent platinum-resistant ovarian cancer: а clinical case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. A. Pokataev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the high initial susceptibility of ovarian cancer (OC to chemotherapy, the vast majority of patients with Stages III–IV of the disease have its recurrences. Chemotherapy is a main treatment for recurrent OC. In Russia, the rate of platinum-resistant recurrences after first-line chemotherapy is more than 50 %, which may be due to the high extent of a tumor process at the moment of diagnosis, to the low rate of optimal cytoreductive interventions, and to non-optimal treatment. Many oncologists refuse to treat patients with recurrent platinum-resistant OC since the existing Russian and foreign guidelines point to the low efficiency of current chemotherapy for this type of recurrences. At the same time, whether chemotherapy should be used to treat platinum-resistant recurrences must be decided by taking into account a set of clinical factors that along with the duration of a platinum-free interval are also predictors for the efficiency of chemotherapy. These predictors should include mainly the histological pattern of a tumor; an immediate response to previous lines of chemotherapy; the number of previously used anticancer drugs; a patient’s general condition; and her existing factors that can influence the tolerability of chemotherapy. This paper describes a clinical case of a long-term survival in an OC patient who has developed a platinum-resistant recurrence just after first-line chemotherapy. Incomplete cross-resistance of the tumor to other drugs when a platinum-resistance recurrence develops, as well as its high susceptibility to the re-use of platinum-resistant derivatives possibly due to the artificial increase of a platinum-free interval should be identified among the factors that have influenced the prediction of treatment in this patient.

  8. The influence of early psychosocial intervention on the long-term clinical outcomes of people suffering from schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cechnicki, Andrzej; Bielańska, Anna

    2017-02-26

    To compare the treatment outcomes of DSM-IV-TR schizophrenia patients in either a Community Treatment Program or an Individual Treatment Program (CTP vs. ITP). The assessment was made after the first hospitalization, and then after three and twelve years. Participants were randomly assigned to CTP (experimental) and ITP (traditional) group, with 40 people in each group. 67 people (84%) participated in all three assessments. The socio-demographic and clinical indicators were the same for both groups. In the first three years only the CTP group participated in day-care treatment, patient and family psychoeducation and community treatment. Later, both groups received this treatment. The following tools were used: Anamnestic and Catamnestic Questionnaire, the GAF scale, the BPRS LA and Lehman's Quality of Life Interview. It was only after twelve years that there was a significant beneficial improvement in the mean GAF score in the CTP group (p = 0.036), which was comparable with the results obtained by Watt and Shepherd for the course of the illness in favorable remission cases (p = 0.038). The difference in the number of relapses was also significantly in favor of the CTP group only after 12 years (p = 0.045), as was the difference in the number of rehospitalizations (p = 0.013). The general severity of symptoms was found to be significantly lower for the CPT group after 3 (p = 0.008) and 12 years (p = 0.030), whereas it was significantly lower in the case of positive syndrome only after 3 years (p = 0.044). 1. A greater number of favorable differences were identified for the CTP group at the twelve-year point than at the conclusion of the experiment. 2. The three-year delay in introducing psycho-social treatment was associated with a poorer long-term outcome for the clinical course of schizophrenia.

  9. Pregabalin for the discontinuation of long-term benzodiazepines use: an assessment of its effectiveness in daily clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobes, J; Rubio, G; Terán, A; Cervera, G; López-Gómez, V; Vilardaga, I; Pérez, M

    2012-05-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of pregabalin in the management of the discontinuation of benzodiazepines in long-term users. We performed a 12-week, prospective, uncontrolled, non-interventional, and observational study in patients aged 18 years old or above, who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for benzodiazepine dependence without other major psychiatry disorder. Evaluations included the Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Symptom Questionnaire, the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, the Clinical Global Impression Scale, and the Sheehan Disability Scale. A urine drug screen for benzodiazepines was performed at baseline and every 4 weeks thereafter. The primary effectiveness variable was success rate, defined as achievement of benzodiazepine-free status at week 12 according to the urine drug screen. The mean dose at week 12 was 315 (±166) mg/day. The success rate of the benzodiazepine taper in the primary efficacy population (n=282) was 52% (95% confidence interval [CI], 46-58). Success rates for women and men were 58% (95% CI, 49-67) and 46% (95% CI, 38-55), respectively. The success rates did not differ according to either the benzodiazepine of abuse or the presence of other substance use disorders. Significant and clinically relevant improvements were observed in withdrawal and anxiety symptoms, as well as in patients' functioning. At week 12, tolerability was rated as good or excellent by 90% and 83% of the clinicians and patients, respectively. Our results suggest that pregabalin is an efficacious and well-tolerated adjunctive treatment for benzodiazepine withdrawal. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  10. Clinical, functional and neurohormonal aspects to implement the concept to prevent subclinical atherosclerosis in a short-term and long-term prognosis

    OpenAIRE

    Hinhuliak, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    In order to assess the prevention of subclinical atherosclerosis in a short-term (3 months) and long-term (1 year) prognosis according to functional and neurohormonal markers of atherogenesis 164 patients have been examined with clinical signs of subclinical atherosclerosis and atypical clinical.

  11. Long-Term Collections

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    45 years helping in developing countries! CERN personnel have been helping the least fortunate people on the planet since 1971. How? With the Long-Term Collections! Dear Colleagues, The Staff Association’s Long-Term Collections (LTC) Committee is delighted to share this important milestone in the life of our Laboratory with you. Indeed, whilst the name of CERN is known worldwide for scientific discoveries, it also shines in the many humanitarian projects which have been supported by the LTC since 1971. Several schools and clinics, far and wide, carry its logo... Over the past 45 years, 74 projects have been supported (9 of which are still ongoing). This all came from a group of colleagues who wanted to share a little of what life offered them here at CERN, in this haven of mutual understanding, peace and security, with those who were less fortunate elsewhere. Thus, the LTC were born... Since then, we have worked as a team to maintain the dream of these visionaries, with the help of regular donat...

  12. Long-term tolerability of PRRT in 807 patients with neuroendocrine tumours: the value and limitations of clinical factors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bodei, Lisa; Grana, Chiara M. [European Institute of Oncology, Division of Nuclear Medicine, Milan (Italy); Kidd, Mark; Drozdov, Ignat; Lepensky, Christopher; Modlin, Irvin M. [Yale School of Medicine, Department of Surgery, New Haven, CT (United States); Paganelli, Giovanni [Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori (IRST) IRCCS, Nuclear Medicine and Radiometabolic Units, Meldola (Italy); Cremonesi, Marta [European Institute of Oncology, Division of Medical Physics, Milan (Italy); Kwekkeboom, Dik J.; Krenning, Eric P. [Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Baum, Richard P. [Zentralklinik Bad Berka, Theranostics Center for Molecular Radiotheraphy and Molecular Imaging, Bad Berka (Germany)

    2015-01-15

    Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with {sup 90}Y and {sup 177}Lu provides objective responses in neuroendocrine tumours, and is well tolerated with moderate toxicity. We aimed to identify clinical parameters predictive of long-term renal and haematological toxicity (myelodysplastic syndrome and acute leukaemia). Of 807 patients studied at IEO-Milan (1997-2013), 793 (98 %) received {sup 177}Lu (278, 34.4 %), {sup 90}Y (358, 44.4 %) or {sup 177}Lu and {sup 90}Y combined (157. 19.5 %), and 14 (2 %) received combinations of PRRT and other agents. Follow-up was 30 months (1-180 months). The parameters evaluated included renal risk factors, bone marrow toxicity and PRRT features. Data analysis included multiple regression, random forest feature selection, and recursive partitioning and regression trees. Treatment with {sup 90}Y and {sup 90}Y + {sup 177}Lu was more likely to result in nephrotoxicity than treatment with {sup 177}Lu alone (33.6 %, 25.5 % and 13.4 % of patients, respectively; p < 0.0001). Nephrotoxicity (any grade), transient and persistent, occurred in 279 patients (34.6 %) and was severe (grade 3 + 4) in 12 (1.5 %). In only 20-27 % of any nephrotoxicity was the disease modelled by risk factors and codependent associations (p < 0.0001). Hypertension and haemoglobin toxicity were the most relevant factors. Persistent toxicity occurred in 197 patients (24.3 %). In only 22-34 % of affected patients was the disease modelled by the clinical data (p < 0.0001). Hypertension (regression coefficient 0.14, p < 0.0001) and haemoglobin toxicity (regression coefficient 0.21, p < 0.0001) were pertinent factors. Persistent toxicity was associated with shorter PRRT duration from the first to the last cycle (mean 387 vs. 658 days, p < 0.004). Myelodysplastic syndrome occurred in 2.35 % of patients (modelled by the clinical data in 30 %, p < 0.0001). Platelet toxicity grade (2.05 ± 1.2 vs. 0.58 ± 0.8, p < 0.0001) and longer PRRT duration (22.6 ± 24 vs. 15.5

  13. Simple Limbal Epithelial Transplantation: Long-Term Clinical Outcomes in 125 Cases of Unilateral Chronic Ocular Surface Burns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basu, Sayan; Sureka, Shraddha P; Shanbhag, Swapna S; Kethiri, Abhinav R; Singh, Vivek; Sangwan, Virender S

    2016-05-01

    This study describes the long-term clinical outcomes of autologous simple limbal epithelial transplantation (SLET), a relatively new technique of limbal stem cell transplantation. This was a single-center prospective interventional cases series. This study included 125 patients, 65 adults and 60 children who developed unilateral limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) after suffering with ocular surface burns and underwent SLET between 2010 and 2014. A 1-clock hour limbal biopsy sample was obtained from the unaffected eye. At the same sitting, the recipient eye was surgically prepared and the donor tissue was divided into small pieces and transplanted using an amniotic membrane scaffold with fibrin glue. The diagnosis and outcome in every case was validated by 5 independent masked assessors. The primary outcome measure was restoration of a completely epithelized, stable, and avascular corneal surface. The secondary outcome measure was improvement in visual acuity. Complications, risk factors for failure, and immunohistochemistry analysis of corneas that underwent SLET also were described. At a median postoperative follow-up of 1.5 years (range, 1-4 years), 95 of 125 eyes (76%; 95% confidence interval, 68.5%-83.5%) maintained a successful outcome. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a comparable survival probability at 1 year of 80% in adults and 72% in children (P = 0.304). Two-line improvement in visual acuity was seen in 75.2%, and 67% of successful cases attained 20/60 or better vision (P ocular surface burns. Simple limbal epithelial transplantation is probably preferable to other techniques of limbal stem cell transplantation, particularly where cell cultivation facilities are unavailable. Copyright © 2016 American Academy of Ophthalmology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Quality of Acute Care and Long-Term Quality of Life and Survival: The Australian Stroke Clinical Registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadilhac, Dominique A; Andrew, Nadine E; Lannin, Natasha A; Middleton, Sandy; Levi, Christopher R; Dewey, Helen M; Grabsch, Brenda; Faux, Steve; Hill, Kelvin; Grimley, Rohan; Wong, Andrew; Sabet, Arman; Butler, Ernest; Bladin, Christopher F; Bates, Timothy R; Groot, Patrick; Castley, Helen; Donnan, Geoffrey A; Anderson, Craig S

    2017-04-01

    Uncertainty exists over whether quality improvement strategies translate into better health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and survival after acute stroke. We aimed to determine the association of best practice recommended interventions and outcomes after stroke. Data are from the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry during 2010 to 2014. Multivariable regression was used to determine associations between 3 interventions: received acute stroke unit (ASU) care and in various combinations with prescribed antihypertensive medication at discharge, provision of a discharge care plan, and outcomes of survival and HRQoL (EuroQoL 5-dimensional questionnaire visual analogue scale) at 180 days, by stroke type. An assessment was also made of outcomes related to the number of processes patients received. There were 17 585 stroke admissions (median age 77 years, 47% female; 81% managed in ASUs; 80% ischemic stroke) from 42 hospitals (77% metropolitan) assessed. Cumulative benefits on outcomes related to the number of care processes received by patients. ASU care was associated with a reduced likelihood of death (hazard ratio, 0.49; 95% confidence interval, 0.43-0.56) and better HRQoL (coefficient, 21.34; 95% confidence interval, 15.50-27.18) within 180 days. For those discharged from hospital, receiving ASU+antihypertensive medication provided greater 180-day survival (hazard ratio, 0.45; 95% confidence interval, 0.38-0.52) compared with ASU care alone (hazard ratio, 0.64; 95% confidence interval, 0.54-0.76). HRQoL gains were greatest for patients with intracerebral hemorrhage who received care bundles involving discharge processes (range of increase, 11%-19%). Patients with stroke who receive best practice recommended hospital care have improved long-term survival and HRQoL. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  15. Durability and Long-Term Clinical Outcomes of Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) Treatment in Patients with Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamo, Yafet; Woodworth, Michael H; Wang, Tiffany; Dhere, Tanvi; Kraft, Colleen S

    2017-12-19

    Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) appears safe and effective for treatment of recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (RCDI). However, durability, long-term clinical outcomes of FMT for RCDI, and patient satisfaction after FMT are not well described. Eligible patients who received FMT for RCDI at Emory Hospital between July 1, 2012 and December 31, 2016 were contacted via telephone for a follow up survey. Of 190 eligible patients, 137 (72%) patients completed the survey. Median time from last FMT to follow up was 22 months. Overall, 82% (113/137) of patients at follow up had no recurrence of C. difficile infection (CDI) post-FMT (non-RCDI group) and 18% (24/137) of patients had CDI post-FMT (RCDI group). Antibiotic exposure for non-CDI infections after FMT was more common in the RCDI group compared to the non-RCDI group, 75% vs 38%, p=0.0009, respectively. Overall, 11% of patients reported improvement or resolution of diagnoses not related to CDI post-FMT and 33% reported development of a new medical condition or symptom post-FMT. Ninety-five percent of patients (122/128) indicated that they would undergo FMT again, and 70% of these 122 reported that they would prefer FMT to antibiotics as initial treatment if they were to have a CDI recurrence. In this follow up survey of outcomes after FMT at median 22 months' follow-up, 82% of patients had durable cure of CDI. Patients with recurrence had more post-FMT antibiotic exposure, underscoring the need for thoughtful antibiotic use and a potential role for prophylactic microbiome enrichment to reduce recurrence.

  16. Long term clinical and neurophysiological effects of cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with neurodegenerative ataxia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benussi, Alberto; Dell'Era, Valentina; Cotelli, Maria Sofia; Turla, Marinella; Casali, Carlo; Padovani, Alessandro; Borroni, Barbara

    Neurodegenerative cerebellar ataxias represent a group of disabling disorders for which we currently lack effective therapies. Cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive technique, which has been demonstrated to modulate cerebellar excitability and improve symptoms in patients with cerebellar ataxias. The present study investigated whether a two-weeks' treatment with cerebellar anodal tDCS could improve symptoms in patients with neurodegenerative cerebellar ataxia and could modulate cerebello-motor connectivity, at short and long term. We performed a double-blind, randomized, sham controlled trial with cerebellar tDCS (5 days/week for 2 weeks) in twenty patients with ataxia. Each patient underwent a clinical evaluation pre- and post-anodal tDCS or sham stimulation. A follow-up evaluation was performed at one and three months. Cerebello-motor connectivity was evaluated using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) at baseline and at follow-up. Patients who underwent anodal tDCS showed a significant improvement in all performance scores (scale for the assessment and rating of ataxia, international cooperative ataxia rating scale, 9-hole peg test, 8-m walking time) and in cerebellar brain inhibition compared to patients who underwent sham stimulation. A two-weeks' treatment with anodal cerebellar tDCS improves symptoms in patients with ataxia and restores physiological cerebellar brain inhibition pathways. Cerebellar tDCS might represent a promising future therapeutic and rehabilitative approach in patients with neurodegenerative ataxia. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Effect of Talbinah food consumption on depressive symptoms among elderly individuals in long term care facilities, randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badrasawi MM

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Manal M Badrasawi, Suzana Shahar, Zahara Abd Manaf, Hasnah HaronDietetics program, School of Health Care Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaAbstract: Talbinah is a barley syrup cooked with milk and sweetened by honey. In his famous Hadith on Talbinah, the Prophet Mohammad (SAW recommended it when sad events happen for its effect on soothing hearts and relieving sadness. This 3-week crossover designed, randomized clinical trial was conducted to determine the effect of Talbinah on mood and depression among institutionalized elderly people in Seremban. A sample of 30 depressed elderly subjects (21 men and 9 women was selected from the long term care facility. Three different interview-based validated scales (Geriatric Depression Scale, Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, and Profile of Mood States were used to determine mood, depression, stress, and anxiety at week 0, 3, 4, and 7. The nutritional value of Talbinah was examined using proximate food analysis, minerals content analysis, and differential amino acid analysis. The results indicated that Talbinah is a high carbohydrate food (86.4% and has a high tryptophan: branch chain amino acids ratio (1:2. A Wilcoxon nonparametric test showed that there was a statistically significant decrease on depression, stress, and mood disturbances scores among the intervention group (P < 0.05 for all parameters. In conclusion, Talbinah has the potential to reduce depression and enhance mood among the subjects. Ingestion of functional foods such as Talbinah may provide a mental health benefit to elderly people.Keywords: Talbinah, food and depression, cross over study, elderly

  18. Long-term Effects of Plant Stanols on the Lipid Profile of Patients With Hypercholesterolemia. A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Párraga-Martínez, Ignacio; López-Torres-Hidalgo, Jesús D; Del Campo-Del Campo, José M; Galdón-Blesa, María P; Precioso-Yáñez, Juan C; Rabanales-Sotos, Joseba; García-Reyes-Ramos, Mercedes; Andrés-Pretel, Fernando; Navarro-Bravo, Beatriz; Lloret-Callejo, Ángeles

    2015-08-01

    Plant stanol consumption may improve long-term cholesterol control. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 2g/day of plant stanols in reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in patients with hypercholesterolemia. This randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled study included 182 adults diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia. A yogurt drink containing 2g of plant stanols was administered to 91 participants in the intervention group; 91 participants in the control group received unsupplemented yogurt. The primary end point was the change in the lipid profile at 12 months. Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels at 12 months were significantly more reduced in the stanol intervention group than in the control group: 13.7 (95% confidence interval, 3.2-24.1) mg/dL (P=.011). A reduction of more than 10% in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was achieved by a significantly higher proportion of participants in the intervention group (relative risk=1.7; 95% confidence interval, 1.1-2.7). In this group, the mean (standard deviation) level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased by 11.0% (23.9%). Our results confirm that administration of plant stanols at a dosage of 2 g/day for 12 months significantly reduces (by slightly more than 10%) the concentrations of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in individuals with hypercholesterolemia. Trial registration (www.ClinicalTrials.gov): Current Controlled Trials NCT01406106. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  19. Association of Clinical Response and Long-term Outcome Among Patients With Biopsied Orbital Pseudotumor Receiving Modern Radiation Therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prabhu, Roshan S., E-mail: rprabhu@emory.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology and Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Kandula, Shravan; Liebman, Lang [Department of Radiation Oncology and Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Wojno, Ted H.; Hayek, Brent [Division of Oculoplastics, Orbital and Cosmetic Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States); Hall, William A.; Shu, Hui-Kuo; Crocker, Ian [Department of Radiation Oncology and Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States)

    2013-03-01

    Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate institutional outcomes for patients treated with modern radiation therapy (RT) for biopsied orbital pseudotumor (OP). Methods and Materials: Twenty patients (26 affected orbits) with OP were treated with RT between January 2002 and December 2011. All patients underwent biopsy with histopathologic exclusion of other disease processes. Sixteen patients (80%) were treated with intensity modulated RT, 3 (15%) with opposed lateral beams, and 1 (5%) with electrons. Median RT dose was 27 Gy (range 25.2-30.6 Gy). Response to RT was evaluated at 4 months post-RT. Partial response (PR) was defined as improvement in orbital symptoms without an increase in steroid dose. Complete response (CR) 1 and CR 2 were defined as complete resolution of orbital symptoms with reduction in steroid dose (CR 1) or complete tapering of steroids (CR 2). The median follow-up period was 18.6 months (range 4-81.6 months). Results: Seventeen patients (85%) demonstrated response to RT, with 7 (35%), 1 (5%), and 9 (45%) achieving a PR, CR 1, and CR 2, respectively. Of the 17 patients who had ≥PR at 4 months post-RT, 6 (35%) experienced recurrence of symptoms. Age (>46 years vs ≤46 years, P=.04) and clinical response to RT (CR 2 vs CR 1/PR, P=.05) were significantly associated with pseudotumor recurrence. Long-term complications were seen in 7 patients (35%), including 4 with cataract formation, 1 with chronic dry eye, 1 with enophthalmos, and 1 with keratopathy. Conclusions: RT is an effective treatment for improving symptoms and tapering steroids in patients with a biopsy supported diagnosis of OP. Older age and complete response to RT were associated with a significantly reduced probability of symptom recurrence. The observed late complications may be related to RT, chronic use of steroids/immunosuppressants, medical comorbidities, or combination of factors.

  20. Long-term follow-up of 287 meningiomas in neurofibromatosis type 2 patients: clinical, radiological, and molecular features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goutagny, Stéphane; Bah, Alpha Boubacar; Henin, Dominique; Parfait, Béatrice; Grayeli, Alexis Bozorg; Sterkers, Olivier; Kalamarides, Michel

    2012-08-01

    Decision-making criteria for optimal management of meningiomas in neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) patients is hampered by lack of robust data, particularly long-term natural history. Seventy-four NF2 patients harboring 287 cranial meningiomas followed up for a mean period of 110.2 months were studied retrospectively. The median number of meningiomas per patient was 3. The mean maximum diameter of meningiomas at diagnosis was 14.3 mm, with a mean annual growth rate of 1.5 mm. Sixty-six percent of tumors showed no or minimal growth. In a subgroup of patients with 3D MRI, 7.3% of meningiomas (28% of patients) had a volumetric growth rate 20% or more per year. Twenty-five de novo meningiomas appeared during the follow-up (8.7%) and demonstrated a higher growth rate than other meningiomas (6.6 mm/year). Fifty-six meningiomas (23%) in 34 NF2 patients (45.9%) were operated on during the follow-up period. Among symptomatic resected meningiomas, grades II and III tumors were found in 29% and 6% of cases, respectively, with a remarkable intratumor histological heterogeneity. Single nucleotide polymorphism array analysis of 22 meningioma samples in 14 NF2 patients showed increasing chromosome instability with increasing grade, the most frequent losses being on 22q, 1p, 18q, and 6p. This study provides clues to improve tailored treatment of meningiomas: de novo and brain edema-associated meningiomas require active treatment. Future clinical trials in NF2 need to focus specifically on meningiomas as the primary endpoint and should include patients with meningiomas growing 20% or more per year in order to assess new treatments.

  1. Return to football and long-term clinical outcomes after thumb ulnar collateral ligament suture anchor repair in collegiate athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werner, Brian C; Hadeed, Michael M; Lyons, Matthew L; Gluck, Joshua S; Diduch, David R; Chhabra, A Bobby

    2014-10-01

    To evaluate return to play after complete thumb ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury treated with suture anchor repair for both skill position and non-skill position collegiate football athletes and report minimum 2-year clinical outcomes in this population. For this retrospective study, inclusion criteria were complete rupture of the thumb UCL and suture anchor repair in a collegiate football athlete performed by a single surgeon who used an identical technique for all patients. Data collection included chart review, determination of return to play, and Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) outcomes. A total of 18 collegiate football athletes were identified, all of whom were evaluated for follow-up by telephone, e-mail, or regular mail at an average 6-year follow-up. Nine were skill position players; the remaining 9 played in nonskill positions. All players returned to at least the same level of play. The average QuickDASH score for the entire cohort was 1 out of 100; QuickDASH work score, 0 out of 100; and sport score, 1 out of 100. Average time to surgery for skill position players was 12 days compared with 43 for non-skill position players. Average return to play for skill position players was 7 weeks postoperatively compared with 4 weeks for non-skill position players. There was no difference in average QuickDASH overall scores or subgroup scores between cohorts. Collegiate football athletes treated for thumb UCL injuries with suture anchor repair had quick return to play, reliable return to the same level of activity, and excellent long-term clinical outcomes. Skill position players had surgery sooner after injury and returned to play later than non-skill position players, with no differences in final level of play or clinical outcomes. Management of thumb UCL injuries in collegiate football athletes can be safely and effectively tailored according to the demands of the player's football position. Therapeutic IV. Copyright © 2014

  2. Long-term follow-up of post hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for Hurler syndrome: Clinical, biochemical, and pathological improvements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eriko Yasuda

    2015-03-01

    In conclusion, this long-term post-HSCT observation should shed light on a new aspect of therapeutic effect associated with skeletal pathology and GAG levels as a biomarker, indicating that HSCT is a primary choice at an early stage for not only CNS but also skeletal system in combination of appropriate surgical procedures.

  3. Long-term follow-up for patients with colonic perforation due to colonoscopy: From clinical and medicolegal viewpoints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzu-Chun Chen

    2017-01-01

    Conclusions: Iatrogenic colonic perforation due to endoscopy is potentially lethal, especially for aged patients. Some patients and their family viewed the perforation as malpractice and asked for compensations. Usually, the primary repair of the perforation site is safe, and long-term follow-up reveals no sequelae after adequate treatment.

  4. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Depression: A Preliminary Randomized Clinical Trial for Unemployed on Long-Term Sick Leave

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folke, Fredrik; Parling, Thomas; Melin, Lennart

    2012-01-01

    This preliminary study investigated the feasibility of a brief Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) in a Swedish sample of unemployed individuals on long-term sick leave due to depression. Participants were randomized to a nonstandardized control condition (N = 16) or to the ACT condition (N = 18) consisting of 1 individual and 5 group…

  5. Long-term sequential deferiprone-deferoxamine versus deferiprone alone for thalassaemia major patients: a randomized clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maggio, Aurelio; Vitrano, Angela; Capra, Marcello

    2009-01-01

    A multicentre randomized open-label trial was designed to assess the effectiveness of long-term sequential deferiprone-deferoxamine (DFO-DFP) versus DFP alone to treat thalassaemia major (TM). DFP at 75 mg/kg, divided into three oral daily doses, for 4 d/week and DFO by subcutaneous infusion (8-1...

  6. [A middle to long-term clinical study on pars flaccida and pars tensa cholesteatoma using survival analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somekawa, Yukihiro; Nagashima, Tsutomu; Masaki, Tomoyuki; Asano, Katsuji; Yajima, Ryoto; Himi, Tetsuo

    2014-12-01

    The current clinical study was performed on 311 cases of pars flaccida and 89 cases of pars tensa cholesteatoma which were treated with canal wall reconstructed tympanoplasty between 1991 and 2012. The average follow-up time of these patients was 5.3 years. Since follow-up periods were different in each case and some censored patients were involved, we used survival analysis on this study to discuss the cumulative rates of disease-free successful cases and the rates of recurrent cholesteatoma throughout the postoperative course. The disease-free successful cases were defined as those cases in which patients were both out of re-operation with recurrent and residual cholesteatoma and out of revision operation with another problem, furthermore, maintained good hearing outcome. Based on the criteria set by the Japan Otological Society (2010), the cases that satisfied the following were evaluated as good hearing results; (a) a successful case in which preoperative bone conduction was used, and (b) a case in which the postoperative air-bone gap was within 20dB after tympanoplasty for chronic otitis media. The analysis results were shown for each of (a) and (b). 1. In pars flaccida cholesteatoma, the 5-year survival rate of successful case was (a) 76.1% and (b) 83.9%, the 10-year survival rate was (a) 58.9% and (b) 73.0%. In pars tensa cholesteatoma, the 5-year survival rate of successful cases was (a) 57.7% and (b) 63.5%, the 10-year rate was (a) 42.1% and (b) 56.9%. A significant difference was seen between pars flaccida and pars tensa cholesteatoma (p pars flaccida cholesteatoma, the 5-year recurrence rate was 7.6% and the 10-year rate was 15.3%, and the recurrence rate increased gradually throughout the follow-up period. On the other hand, in pars tensa cholesteatoma, the increase in the recurrence rate reached a peak 15.8% at 5.5 years after the surgery. A long-term follow-up is necessary when evaluating the clinical results after tympanoplasty.

  7. Long-term clinical outcome of bilateral pallidal stimulation for intractable craniocervical dystonia (Meige syndrome). Report of 6 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobstyl, Michał; Brzuszkiewicz-Kuźmicka, Grażyna; Zaczyński, Artur; Pasterski, Tomasz; Aleksandrowicz, Marta; Ząbek, Mirosław

    2017-12-15

    The aim of the present study was to report the short-term as well long-term results of bilateral pallidal stimulation in 6 consecutive patients for severe debilitating craniocervical dystonia (Meige syndrome) using Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale (BFMDRS). We evaluated 6 consecutive patients with the diagnosis of intractable long-standing craniocervical dystonia. The formal objective assessment included the motor and disability BFMDRS scores. The BFMDRS assessment was performed before and after it roughly annually up to 60months when bilateral pallidal stimulation was switched on and compared to baseline BFMDRS scores. We present short-term (3months postoperatively) follow-up as well long-term (from 6 to 60months) results. Baseline BFMDRS scores and subsequent follow-up BFMDRS scores were compared with the use of a Wilcoxon signed-rank test for matched pairs. A two-tailed probability level of 5% (p<0.05) was considered significant. Bilateral GPi DBS improved the BFMDRS total movement score by 65% at short-term follow-up and by 53% at long-term follow-up when compared to baseline scores. Subscores for eyes at short-term follow-up were reduced by 78%, for mouth by 58%, and for speech/swallowing by 49%. This improvements for individual subscores were maintained at long-term follow-up and were as follows for eyes by 67%, mouth by 50% and speech/swallowing by 39%. The BFMDRS disability score was reduced by 48% at short-term follow-up and by 55% at long-term follow-up when compared to baseline scores. Our results showed that bilateral GPi DBS in craniocervical dystonia is effective and safe. Phasic dystonic movements like blepharospasm or oromandibular dystonia responded very fast and favorable to pallidal stimulation reducing disabilities. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Long-Term Clinical Outcomes After Switching from Remicade® to Biosimilar CT-P13 in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Smits, Lisa J. T.; Grelack, Anna; Derikx, Lauranne A.A.P.; de Jong, Dirk J.; van Esch, Aura A. J.; Boshuizen, Ronald S.; Drenth, Joost P. H.; Hoentjen, Frank

    2017-01-01

    Background Limited data are available on long-term clinical outcomes regarding the switch from Remicade® to the infliximab biosimilar CT-P13 in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. Aims To investigate long-term efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetic profile, and immunogenicity. Methods We performed a single-center prospective observational cohort study following an elective switch from Remicade® to CT-P13 in IBD patients. Results Eighty-three patients were included (57 Crohn’s disease, 24 ul...

  9. A comparison of the long-term durability of nevirapine, efavirenz and lopinavir in routine clinical practice in Europe: a EuroSIDA study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reekie, J; Reiss, P; Ledergerber, B

    2011-01-01

    The durability of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) regimens can be measured as time to discontinuation because of toxicity or treatment failure, development of clinical disease or serious long-term adverse events. The aim of this analysis was to compare the durability of nevirapine, efav...

  10. First-line managers' views of the long-term effects of clinical supervision: how does clinical supervision support and develop leadership in health care?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyrkäs, Kristiina; Appelqvist-Schmidlechner, Kaija; Kivimäki, Kirsti

    2005-05-01

    There have recently been several organizational changes that have challenged nursing managers in the Finnish health care system. First-line managers need support in their work because of organizational changes and scarce economic resources. One of these supportive measures is clinical supervision. A group of first-line managers in a Finnish University hospital participated in a 2-year clinical supervision intervention in 1999-2000. The managers' perceptions of the clinical supervision were followed up twice during the intervention and 1 year after (2001). The aim of this study is to describe how the first-line managers saw the future effects of the clinical supervision intervention 1 year after its termination. At the beginning of the intervention, the number of participating nursing managers was 32. The number of respondents in this study 1 year (2001) after the clinical supervision was 11. Data was collected using empathy-based stories, which involved writing short essays. The respondents received orientation and a script to assist them in the writing of essays. The stories were analysed qualitatively by categorizing the responses by themes. The managers deemed that clinical supervision had, in the 3-year time frame, positive long-term effects on their leadership and communication skills, the desire for self-development, self-knowledge and coping. Managers believed that in the long run, clinical supervision would provide them with a broader perspective on work and would enhance the use of clinical supervision as a supportive measure among co-workers. First-line managers expect clinical supervision to have long-term positive effects on their work and coping. Empathy-based stories, as a method, were found suited to studies, which aim to obtaining future-oriented knowledge.

  11. Long-term clinical outcomes of spinal accessory nerve transfer to the suprascapular nerve in patients with brachial plexus palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emamhadi, Mohammadreza; Alijani, Babak; Andalib, Sasan

    2016-09-01

    For the reconstruction of brachial plexus lesions, restoration of elbow flexion and shoulder function is fundamental and is achieved by dual nerve transfers. Shoulder stabilization and movement are crucial in freedom of motion of the upper extremity. In patients with C5-C6 brachial plexus injury, spinal accessory nerve transfer to the suprascapular nerve and a fascicle of ulnar nerve to musculocutaneous nerve (dual nerve transfer) are carried out for restoration of shoulder abduction and elbow flexion, respectively. In the present study, we evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes of spinal accessory nerve transfer to the suprascapular nerve for restoration of shoulder abduction in patients with brachial plexus palsy undergoing a dual nerve transfer. In the present retrospective review, 22 consecutive subjects with upper brachial plexus palsy were assessed. All of the subjects underwent spinal accessory nerve transfer to the suprascapular nerve and a dual nerve transfer from the ulnar nerve to the biceps branch and from the median nerve to the brachialis branch of the musculocutaneous nerve simultaneously. All of the subjects were followed up for 18 to 24 months (average, 21.7 months) for assessing the recovery of the shoulder abduction and motor function. Spinal accessory nerve transfer to the suprascapular nerve showed a motor function recovery of M3 and M4 in 13.6 and 63.6% of the subjects, respectively. However, 22.7 % of the subjects remained with a motor function of M2. The mean of shoulder abduction reached 55.55 ± 9.95° (range, 40-72°). Altogether, good functional results regained in 17 out of 22 the subjects (77.2 %). Linear regression analysis showed that advanced age was a predictor of low motor functional grade. The evidence from the present study suggests that transferring spinal accessory nerve to the suprascapular nerve for restoring shoulder abduction is an effective and reliable treatment with high success rate in patients with brachial

  12. Long-term clinical effect of adjunctive antimicrobial photodynamic therapy in periodontal treatment: a randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alwaeli, Haider A; Al-Khateeb, Susan N; Al-Sadi, Amani

    2015-02-01

    Mechanical removal of microbial biofilm dental plaque from tooth surfaces is important for treatment of periodontal diseases. However, the effectiveness of conventional scaling and root planing (SRP) is affected by the local conditions and residual bacteria which may affect the healing process. We performed a randomized clinical trial to test our hypothesis that adjunctive antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) plus SRP has significant effect compared with SRP alone, which can last for 1 year. The study included 136 sites in 16 patients with previously untreated chronic periodontitis, at least one premolar and one molar in every quadrant (minimum, four teeth/quadrant) and at least one tooth with attachment loss of ≥4 mm in every quadrant. In all patients, two randomly assigned quadrants were treated with SRP and the other two were treated with SRP + aPDT. The clinical parameters of probing pocket depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were evaluated at baseline and after 3, 6, and 12 months. There were no significant differences between the two groups at baseline. PPD and BOP showed significant reduction, and CAL showed significant gain from baseline for all three time points in both groups. In addition, there were significantly greater reduction and gain for SRP + aPDT than for SRP at all three time points. No adverse effects of aPDT were observed. These data demonstrate significant improvement in all evaluated clinical parameters for at least 1 year and suggest that aPDT as an adjunctive therapy to SRP represents a promising therapeutic concept for persistent periodontitis.

  13. Long-term effects of the Mediterranean lifestyle program: a randomized clinical trial for postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Toobert, Deborah J; Glasgow, Russell E; Strycker, Lisa A; Barrera, Manuel; Ritzwoller, Debra P; Weidner, Gerdi

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Multiple-risk-factor interventions offer a promising means for addressing the complex interactions between lifestyle behaviors, psychosocial factors, and the social environment. This report examines the long-term effects of a multiple-risk-factor intervention. Methods Postmenopausal women (N = 279) with type 2 diabetes participated in the Mediterranean Lifestyle Program (MLP), a randomized, comprehensive lifestyle intervention study. The intervention targeted healthful eat...

  14. Severity of alprazolam dependence and associated features among long-term alprazolam users from psychiatric outpatient clinics in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Tzu-Ting; Ko, Chih-Hung; Chen, Shao-Tsu; Yen, Chia-Nan; Su, Po-Wen; Hwang, Tzung-Jeng; Lin, Jin-Jia; Yen, Cheng-Fang

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the correlations between the severity of alprazolam dependence and socio-demographic characteristics, the characteristics of alprazolam use, psychiatric comorbidity, and beliefs toward alprazolam use among long-term alprazolam users in Taiwan. A total of 148 long-term alprazolam users participated in this study. The Chinese version of the Severity of Dependence Scale was used to assess participants' severity of alprazolam dependence in the preceding month. Their socio-demographic characteristics, family function characteristics, dosage of prescribed alprazolam, duration of alprazolam use, alcohol use pattern, pain reliever and cigarette use pattern, severity of depressive symptoms, psychiatric diagnosis, and belief toward alprazolam use were investigated. The results of multiple regression analysis indicated that a longer duration of alprazolam use, severe depressive symptoms, a high level of belief in the necessity of alprazolam treatment, and a high level of concern about the potential adverse consequences of alprazolam use were significantly associated with more severe alprazolam dependence. Doctors should closely monitor the severity of alprazolam dependence among long-term users, especially patients' levels of depression, beliefs in the necessity of alprazolam treatment, and their concerns over the adverse consequences of continued treatment with alprazolam. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  15. Long-term side effects of radiotherapy for pediatric localized neuroblastoma. Results from clinical trials NB90 and NB94

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ducassou, Anne [Institut Claudius Regaud, Departement de Radiotherapie, Toulouse (France); Gambart, Marion; Munzer, Caroline; Rubie, Herve [Hopital des Enfants, Departement d' Onco-Hematologie Pediatrique, Toulouse (France); Padovani, Laetitia [Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire, Departement de Radiotherapie, Marseille (France); Carrie, Christian; Claude, Line [Centre Leon Berard, IHOP, Departement de Radiotherapie, Lyon (France); Haas-Kogan, Daphne [University of California, Department of Radiation Oncology, San Francisco (United States); Bernier-Chastagner, Valerie [Centre Alexis Vautrin, Departement de Radiotherapie, Nancy (France); Demoor, Charlotte [Centre Rene Gauducheau, Departement de Radiotherapie, Nantes (France); Helfre, Sylvie [Institut Curie, Departement de Radiotherapie, Paris (France); Bolle, Stephanie [Institut Gustave Roussy, Departement de Radiotherapie, Villejuif (France); Leseur, Julie [Centre Eugene Marquis, Departement de Radiotherapie, Rennes (France); Huchet, Aymeri [Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire, Departement de Radiotherapie, Bordeaux (France); Valteau-Couanet, Dominique [Institut Gustave Roussy, Departement d' Onco-Hematologie Pediatrique, Villejuif (France); Schleiermacher, Gudrun [Institut Curie, Departement d' Onco-Hematologie Pediatrique, Paris (France); Coze, Carole [Aix-Marseille Univ et APHM, Hopital d' Enfants de la Timone, Departement d' hemato-Oncologie Pediatrique, Marseille (France); Defachelles, Anne-Sophie [Centre Oscar Lambret, Departement d' Onco-Hematologie Pediatrique, Lille (France); Marabelle, Aurelien [IHOP, Departement d' Onco-Hematologie Pediatrique, Lyon (France); Ducassou, Stephane [Hopital des Enfants, Departement d' Onco-Hematologie Pediatrique, Bordeaux (France); Devalck, Christine [Hopital des enfants Reine Fabiola, Departement d' Onco-hematologie Pediatrique, Bruxelles (Belgium); Gandemer, Virginie [Centre hospitalier, Departement d' Onco-Hematologie Pediatrique, Rennes (France); Munzer, Martine [Centre hospitalier, Departement d' Onco-hematologie Pediatrique, Reims (France); Laprie, Anne [Institut Claudius Regaud, Departement de Radiotherapie, Toulouse (France); Universite Toulouse III Paul Sabatier, Toulouse (France); INSERM, Toulouse (France); Collaboration: Neuroblastoma study group and radiotherapy group of the French Society of Children with Cancer (SFCE)

    2015-07-15

    Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most frequent indication for extracranial pediatric radiotherapy. As long-term survival of high-risk localized NB has greatly improved, we reviewed treatment-related late toxicities in pediatric patients who received postoperative radiotherapy (RT) for localized NB within two French prospective clinical trials: NB90 and NB94. From 1990-2000, 610 children were enrolled. Among these, 35 were treated with induction chemotherapy, surgery, and RT. The recommended RT dose was 24 Gy at ≤ 2 years, 34 Gy at > 2 years, ± a 5 Gy boost in both age groups. The 22 patients still alive after 5 years were analyzed. The median follow-up time was 14 years (range 5-21 years). Late effects after therapy occurred in 73 % of patients (16/22), within the RT field for 50 % (11/22). The most frequent in-field effects were musculoskeletal abnormalities (n = 7) that occurred only with doses > 31 Gy/1.5 Gy fraction (p = 0.037). Other effects were endocrine in 3 patients and second malignancies in 2 patients. Four patients presented with multiple in-field late effects only with doses > 31 Gy. After a median follow-up of 14 years, late effects with multimodality treatment were frequent. The most frequent effects were musculoskeletal abnormalities and the threshold for their occurrence was 31 Gy. (orig.) [German] Das Neuroblastom (NB) ist die haeufigste Indikation fuer eine extrakranielle paediatrische Strahlentherapie. Da sich beim lokalisierten Hochrisiko-NB das langfristige Ueberleben stark verbessert hat, ueberprueften wir die behandlungsbedingte spaete Toxizitaet bei paediatrischen Patienten, die im Rahmen zweier prospektiver klinischer Studien in Frankreich (NB90 und NB94) eine postoperative Strahlentherapie (RT) bei lokalisiertem NB erhalten hatten. Von 1990-2000 wurden 610 Kinder eingeschlossen. Von diesen wurden 35 mit Chemotherapie, Chirurgie und RT behandelt. Die empfohlene Bestrahlungsdosis war 24 Gy bei ≤ 2 Jahren, 34 Gy bei > 2 Jahren, ± 5-Gy

  16. FIVE-YEAR OUTCOMES AFTER LONG-TERM OXANDROLONE ADMINISTRATION IN SEVERELY BURNED CHILDREN: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeves, Patrick T; Herndon, David N; Tanksley, Jessica D; Jennings, Kristofer; Klein, Gordon L; Mlcak, Ronald P; Clayton, Robert P; Crites, Nancy N; Hays, Joshua P; Andersen, Clark; Lee, Jong O; Meyer, Walter; Suman, Oscar E; Finnerty, Celeste C

    2016-04-01

    Administration of oxandrolone, a nonaromatizable testosterone analog, to children for 12 months following severe burn injury has been shown to improve height, increase bone mineral content (BMC), reduce cardiac work, and augment muscle strength. Surprisingly, the increase in BMC persists well beyond the period of oxandrolone administration. This study was undertaken to determine if administration of oxandrolone for 2 years yields greater effects on long-term BMC and bone mineral density (BMD). Patients between 0 and 18 years of age with ≥30% of total body surface area burned were consented to an IRB-approved protocol and randomized to receive either placebo (n = 84) or 0.1 mg/kg oxandrolone orally twice daily for 24 months (n = 35). Patients were followed prospectively from the time of admission until 5 years postburn in a single-center, intent-to-treat setting. Height, weight, BMC, and BMD were recorded annually through 5 years postinjury. The long-term administration of oxandrolone for 16 ± 1 months postburn (range, 12.1-25.2 months) significantly increased whole-body (WB) BMC (p burned pediatric patients significantly improves WB BMC, LS BMC, LS BMD, and height velocity. The administration of long-term oxandrolone was more efficacious than administration for 12 months. Additionally, fewer patients in the oxandrolone cohort met the diagnostic criteria for pediatric osteoporosis, pointing to a reduced risk for future bone fracture. This study demonstrates that administering oxandrolone for up to 2 years following severe burn injury results in greater improvements in BMC, BMD, and height velocity.

  17. Long-term collections

    CERN Multimedia

    Collectes à long terme

    2007-01-01

    The Committee of the Long Term Collections (CLT) asks for your attention for the following message from a young Peruvian scientist, following the earthquake which devastated part of her country a month ago.

  18. CLINICAL STUDIES ON LONG-TERM LOW-DOSAGE ANTIMICROBIAL PROPHYLAXIS OF RECURRENT URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN WOMEN

    OpenAIRE

    藤井, 元広; 畑地, 康助; 仁平, 寛巳; 平山, 多秋; 松木, 暁; 梶尾, 克彦; 福重, 満; 白石, 恒雄; 中野, 博; 林, 睦雄

    1981-01-01

    Prophylactic efficacy of long-term low-dose antimicrobial treatment in urinary tract infection (UTI) was studied. Female patients with a history of at least two recurrent episodes of UTI in the past year were entered into the study, and prophylactic regimens were not started until existing UTI had been eradicated. Patients received prophylactic agent daily at bedtime after voiding, and this treatment had been continued for 3 to 6 months. 1. Nalidixic acid (NA) was administered 1.0g to adult p...

  19. Clinical assessment of prognostic factors for long-term pain and handicap after whiplash injury: a 1-year prospective study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kasch, H; Qerama, E; Kongsted, Alice

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical mechanisms are the possible factors involved in the development and maintenance of long-term handicaps after acute whiplash injury. This study prospectively examined the role of active neck mobility, cervical and extra-cervical pains, as well as non......-painful complaints after a whiplash injury as predictors for subsequent handicap. METHODS: Consecutive acute whiplash patients (n = 688) were interviewed and examined by a study nurse after the median of 5 days after injury, and divided into a high- or a low-risk group by an algorithm based on pain intensity, number...

  20. Long-term follow-up of 287 meningiomas in neurofibromatosis type 2 patients: clinical, radiological, and molecular features

    OpenAIRE

    Goutagny, Stéphane; Bah, Alpha Boubacar; Henin, Dominique; Parfait, Béatrice; Grayeli, Alexis Bozorg; Sterkers, Olivier; Kalamarides, Michel

    2012-01-01

    Decision-making criteria for optimal management of meningiomas in neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) patients is hampered by lack of robust data, particularly long-term natural history. Seventy-four NF2 patients harboring 287 cranial meningiomas followed up for a mean period of 110.2 months were studied retrospectively. The median number of meningiomas per patient was 3. The mean maximum diameter of meningiomas at diagnosis was 14.3 mm, with a mean annual growth rate of 1.5 mm. Sixty-six percent ...

  1. Long-Term Clinical Outcome after Treatment for High-Grade Cervical Lesions: A Retrospective Monoinstitutional Cohort Study

    OpenAIRE

    Del Mistro, Annarosa; Matteucci, Mario; Insacco, Egle Alba; Onnis, GianLibero; Da Re, Filippo; Baboci, Lorena; Zorzi, Manuel; Minucci, Daria

    2015-01-01

    Background. The aim of this retrospective observational study of women treated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) was to assess the long-term risk of residual/recurrent high-grade CIN. Materials and Methods. We evaluated 760 women treated by loop electrosurgical excision procedure (684) or conization (76) between 2000 and 2009, and followed up to June 30, 2014 (median follow-up 6.7 years, range 4–14). Visits every 6 months for the first year after treatment and y...

  2. Neurocognitive and clinical predictors of long-term outcome in adolescents at ultra-high risk for psychosis: a 6-year follow-up.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Ziermans

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Most studies aiming to predict transition to psychosis for individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR have focused on either neurocognitive or clinical variables and have made little effort to combine the two. Furthermore, most have focused on a dichotomous measure of transition to psychosis rather than a continuous measure of functional outcome. We aimed to investigate the relative value of neurocognitive and clinical variables for predicting both transition to psychosis and functional outcome. METHODS: Forty-three UHR individuals and 47 controls completed an extensive clinical and neurocognitive assessment at baseline and participated in long-term follow-up approximately six years later. UHR adolescents who had converted to psychosis (UHR-P; n = 10 were compared to individuals who had not (UHR-NP; n = 33 and controls on clinical and neurocognitive variables. Regression analyses were performed to determine which baseline measures best predicted transition to psychosis and long-term functional outcome for UHR individuals. RESULTS: Low IQ was the single neurocognitive parameter that discriminated UHR-P individuals from UHR-NP individuals and controls. The severity of attenuated positive symptoms was the only significant predictor of a transition to psychosis and disorganized symptoms were highly predictive of functional outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical measures are currently the most important vulnerability markers for long-term outcome in adolescents at imminent risk of psychosis.

  3. Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation in the Korean Population: Clinical Manifestations and the Long-Term Results of Transarterial Embolotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jae A; Kwak, Hyo Sung; Jin, Gong Young; Han, Young Min [Chonbuk National University Hospital and Medical School, Jeonju (Korea, Republic of); Roh, Byung Suk [Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    This study was designed to evaluate the general features and the long-term results of transarterial embolotherapy (TAE) for the treatment of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs). Thirteen (n=13) patients who underwent TAE for PAVMs were identified. These patients were comprised of 4 men and 9 women, aged between 19 and 67 years (mean age, 44 years). The authors evaluated the general features of PAVMs, including, type, location, size, and symptoms. In addition, results following TAE were analyzed to evaluate its efficacy, and to investigate arterial oxygen pressure changes. In total, 13 patients presented with 21 angiographically confirmed PAVMs. Nine (69.2%) patients had single PAVM. Of the 21 PAVMs, 19 were simple, 16 were located in lower lobes, and 17 were located in the subpleural region. Furthermore, 2 of the 13 patients experienced coughing, 2 experienced dyspnea, and 1 experienced massive hemoptysis. All PAVMs were subjected to superselective TAE using a detachable balloon or coils. Six PAVMs (28.6%) in three patients (23.1%) were subsequently recanalized as determined by contrast-enhanced CT scan. All 3 patients were identified during long-term follow up (mean: 61.9 months). One of the 3 patients experienced an acute stroke due to thrombi migration in the middle cerebral artery following PAVM recanalization. TAE with coils is effective for the treatment of PAVMs, and it should be noted that patients who undergo embolotherapy require careful surveillance, due to the need for recanalization during follow-up

  4. Long-term performance of the hemodialysis reliable outflow (HeRO) device: the 56-month follow-up of the first clinical trial patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nassar, George M

    2010-01-01

    The Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO) Vascular Access Device is a novel long-term subcutaneous dialysis graft, ideally suited for catheter-dependent patients and patients dialyzing with failing fistulas or grafts due to venous outflow stenosis. This case presentation depicts the clinical course of the first patient to enter a Food and Drug Administration approved clinical trial and receive the HeRO device. The course of this patient over 56 months of follow-up provides the longest experience with the HeRO device to-date. In this patient, the HeRO device provided long-term dialysis access patency in conjunction with adequate dialysis and a low intervention rate.

  5. Long-term response to mood stabilizer treatment and its clinical correlates in patients with bipolar disorders: a retrospective observational study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Sung Woo; Baek, Ji Hyun; Yang, So-Yung; Kim, Yongkang; Cho, Youngah; Choi, Yujin; Lee, Kounseok; Park, Taesung; Hong, Kyung Sue

    2017-12-01

    The efficacy and utility of long-term prophylactic treatment in patients with bipolar disorders (BDs) have not been fully explored. This study aims to estimate the long-term clinical response of patients with BDs to mood stabilizer treatment and to identify the clinical factors associated with that response. The study subjects consisted of 80 patients with bipolar I or bipolar II disorder who had been receiving treatment with lithium and/or valproate for more than 2 years at a single bipolar disorder clinic. The long-term response to the best treatment option based on treatment algorithms was evaluated using the Alda scale. Clinical characteristics were evaluated on a lifetime basis. Patients were classified into two response groups based on frequentist mixture analysis using the total Alda scale score. Thirty-four percent of the patients were good responders, with a total Alda score of 5 or higher. The treatment response rate did not differ between the lithium and valproate groups, but lithium and valproate combination therapy was associated with poorer response. The number of previous mixed episodes was associated with a worse response (p = 0.026). Of individual symptoms, delusions during manic episodes (p = 0.008) and increased appetite (p = 0.035) during depressive episodes were more common in moderate/poor responders than in good responders. Co-morbid anxiety disorders were more frequently observed in the moderate/poor response group (p = 0.008). Psychotic, mixed, and atypical features of BDs were found to be correlated with long-term treatment outcomes. Lithium and valproate showed similar efficacy but moderate/poor responders preferred to use polypharmacy.

  6. A novel method to adjust efficacy estimates for uptake of other active treatments in long-term clinical trials.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Simes

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: When rates of uptake of other drugs differ between treatment arms in long-term trials, the true benefit or harm of the treatment may be underestimated. Methods to allow for such contamination have often been limited by failing to preserve the randomization comparisons. In the Fenofibrate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes (FIELD study, patients were randomized to fenofibrate or placebo, but during the trial many started additional drugs, particularly statins, more so in the placebo group. The effects of fenofibrate estimated by intention-to-treat were likely to have been attenuated. We aimed to quantify this effect and to develop a method for use in other long-term trials. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We applied efficacies of statins and other cardiovascular drugs from meta-analyses of randomized trials to adjust the effect of fenofibrate in a penalized Cox model. We assumed that future cardiovascular disease events were reduced by an average of 24% by statins, and 20% by a first other major cardiovascular drug. We applied these estimates to each patient who took these drugs for the period they were on them. We also adjusted the analysis by the rate of discontinuing fenofibrate. Among 4,900 placebo patients, average statin use was 16% over five years. Among 4,895 assigned fenofibrate, statin use was 8% and nonuse of fenofibrate was 10%. In placebo patients, use of cardiovascular drugs was 1% to 3% higher. Before adjustment, fenofibrate was associated with an 11% reduction in coronary events (coronary heart disease death or myocardial infarction (P = 0.16 and an 11% reduction in cardiovascular disease events (P = 0.04. After adjustment, the effects of fenofibrate on coronary events and cardiovascular disease events were 16% (P = 0.06 and 15% (P = 0.008, respectively. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This novel application of a penalized Cox model for adjustment of a trial estimate of treatment efficacy incorporates evidence

  7. Hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent predictor of long-term clinical outcomes in Chinese octogenarians with acute coronary syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Zhenhong; Qian, Geng; Xue, Hao; Guo, Jun; Chen, Lian; Yang, Xia; Shen, Mingzhi; Dong, Wei; Chen, Yundai

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate the prognostic value of homocysteine (Hcy) in Chinese acute coronary syndrome (ACS) octogenarians. The study cohort comprised 660 consecutive ACS octogenarians who underwent coronary angiography. We classified the patients into three groups according to Hcy tertiles. Kaplan-Meier method was performed for survival and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) rates. Multivariate Cox regression was performed to identify mortality predictors. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to predict the cutoff value of Hcy for all-cause mortality. The follow-up period was 28 (inter-quartile range: 16-38) months. Diastolic blood pressure, ratios of male, renal failure and old myocardial infarction in high plasma level Hcy (H-Hcy) group were higher than those in low (L-Hcy) and middle (M-Hcy) plasma level of Hcy groups (P<0.05). The Hcy level was positively correlated with uric acid level (r=0.211, P=0.001) and Cystatin C (Cys C) level (r=0.212, P=0.001) and negatively correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (r=-0.148, P=0.018). For the long-term outcomes, the cumulative survival rate of H-Hcy group was significantly lower than that of L-Hcy and M-Hcy groups (P=0.006). All-cause mortality and MACE of H-Hcy group were higher than those of L-Hcy and M-Hcy group (P=0.0001, P=0.0008). Hcy is an independent predictor for long-term all-cause mortality (odds ratio =2.26, 95% CI=1.23-4.16, P=0.023) and MACE (odds ratio =1.91, 95% CI=1.03-3.51, P=0.039). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated the predictive cutoff value of Hcy for all-cause mortality was 17.67 μmol/L (0.667, 0.681). In ACS octogenarians, hyperhomocysteinemia is an important predictor for long-term all-cause mortality and MACE.

  8. Long-Term Recordings of Multiple, Single-Neurons for Clinical Applications: The Emerging Role of the Bioactive Microelectrode

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth A. Barbee

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available In 1999 we reported an important demonstration of a working brain-machine interface (BMI, in which recordings from multiple, single neurons in sensorimotor cortical areas of rats were used to directly control a robotic arm to retrieve a water reward. Subsequent studies in monkeys, using a similar approach, demonstrated that primates can use a BMI device to control a cursor on a computer screen and a robotic arm. Recent studies in humans with spinal cord injuries have shown that recordings from multiple, single neurons can be used by the patient to control the cursor on a computer screen. The promise is that one day it will be possible to use these control signals from neurons to reactivate the patient’s own limbs. However, the ability to record from large populations of single neurons for long periods of time has been hampered because either the electrode itself fails or the immunological response in the tissue surrounding the microelectrode produces a glial scar, preventing single-neuron recording. While we have largely solved the problem of mechanical or electrical failure of the electrode itself, much less is known about the long term immunological response to implantation of a microelectrode, its effect on neuronal recordings and, of greatest importance, how it can be reduced to allow long term single neuron recording. This article reviews materials approaches to resolving the glial scar to improve the longevity of recordings. The work to date suggests that approaches utilizing bioactive interventions that attempt to alter the glial response and attract neurons to the recording site are likely to be the most successful. Importantly, measures of the glial scar alone are not sufficient to assess the effect of interventions. It is imperative that recordings of single neurons accompany any study of glial activation because, at this time, we do not know the precise relationship between glial activation and loss of neuronal recordings. Moreover

  9. CT-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation of osteoid osteoma. Clinical long-term results; CT-gesteuerte Radiofrequenz(RF)-Ablation von Osteoidosteomen. Klinische Langzeitergebnisse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, Diethard; Clasen, S.; Schaefer, J.F.; Rempp, H.; Koenig, C.W.; Claussen, C.D. [Universitaetsklinikum Tuebingen (Germany). Abt. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Duda, S.; Truebenbach, J. [Juedisches Krankenhaus, Berlin (Germany). Radiologen Praxis; Erdtmann, B. [Radiologie Zentrum Stuttgart, Bad Cannstatt (Germany). Praxis; Pereira, P.L. [SLK-Kliniken, Heilbronn (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologie, Minimal-Invasive Therapien und Nuklearmedizin

    2011-04-15

    Purpose: To evaluate CT-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation of osteoid osteoma using internally cooled monopolar RF electrodes for technical success, complications and clinical long-term success. Materials and Methods: Between April 1999 and July 2009, 23 patients were treated under general anesthesia with CT-guided RF ablation using an internally cooled monopolar single RF electrode (Cool-tip, Valleylab, TycoHealthcare, Boulder, USA; active tip: 10 mm). For the removal of the nidus, we used either a manual or an automated drill. The technical success was evaluated by a CT scan (MSCT, Siemens Medical Solutions, Forchheim). The clinical long-term success was investigated by questioning patients prior to discharge, and after 6, 12 and 18 months. After 18 months, patients were interviewed on an annual basis. Results: The technical success rate was 100 %. The nidus was located in n = 19 cases at the lower extremity and in n = 4 cases at the upper extremity. Minor complications were observed for n = 2 patients. The mean hospitalization time was 1.5 d (1-2 d). The mean follow-up was 75.9 months (18-120 months) for n = 23 patients. No local recurrence was observed. One patient had intermediate pain one week after RF ablation without recurrent symptoms. Conclusion: CT-guided RF ablation using an internally cooled monopolar single RF electrode is an effective and safe minimally invasive method for the treatment of osteoid osteoma with excellent clinical long-term success. (orig.)

  10. Sinus augmentation with intra- vs extraorally harvested bone grafts for the provision of dental implants: clinical long-term results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deppe, Herbert; Mücke, Thomas; Wagenpfeil, Stefan; Hölzle, Frank

    2012-06-01

    To report the long-term outcome of sinus augmentation with intra- vs extraorally harvested autogenous bone grafts. Between January 1993 and August 2009, 146 patients (86 women and 60 men) were consecutively treated with sinus elevation procedures. In February 2010, 127 patients were re-evaluated. Bone grafts were harvested from the iliac crest (54 patients, group 1) and from the mandibular symphysis (73 patients, group 2). A total of 179 sinus augmentation procedures were performed (105 in group 1 and 74 in group 2). All patients received fixed prostheses. A total of 456 Frialit II implants were placed in the 127 patients: 244 implants in extraorally harvested bone (group 1) and 212 in intraorally harvested bone (group 2). Patients had a mean bone graft consolidation period of 5.8 months in group 1 and of 5.2 months in group 2. During a minimum 3-month healing phase following implant placement, 35 of 456 implants failed (12.0% of group 1 and 4.5% of group 2) to become integrated in grafted bone. A total of 421 implants proceeded to occlusal loading with a fixed prosthesis. After a mean follow-up period of 110.2 months (range, 6 to 204 months), 34 implants were lost (25 in group 1 and 9 in group 2, for a total of 387 implants (91.9%) still functioning. Sinus augmentation procedures using intra- and extraorally harvested bone grafts can provide implant stability in the long term. However, major preoperative discomfort and more bone loss was seen when bone was harvested from the iliac crest. If autogenous bone is mandatory in sinus elevation procedures, extraorally harvested bone grafts can still be recommended, especially when bilateral procedures are indicated.

  11. Circulating levels of dimethylarginines, chronic kidney disease and long-term clinical outcome in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalca, Viviana; Veglia, Fabrizio; Squellerio, Isabella; De Metrio, Monica; Rubino, Mara; Porro, Benedetta; Moltrasio, Marco; Tremoli, Elena; Marenzi, Giancarlo

    2012-01-01

    Mechanisms linking chronic kidney disease (CKD) and adverse outcomes in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are not fully understood. Among potential key players, reduced nitric oxide (NO) synthesis due to its endogenous inhibitors, asymmetric (ADMA) and symmetric (SDMA) dimethylarginine could be involved. We measured plasma concentration of arginine, ADMA and SDMA and investigated their relationship with CKD and long-term outcome in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). We prospectively measured arginine, ADMA, and SDMA at hospital admission in 104 NSTEMI patients. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2). We considered a primary end point of combined cardiac death and re-infarction at a median follow-up of 21 months. In CKD (n = 33) and no-CKD (n = 71) patients, arginine and ADMA were similar, whereas SDMA was significantly higher in CKD patients (0.65±0.23 vs. 0.42±0.12 µmol/L; P<0.0001). Twenty-four (23%) patients had an adverse cardiac event during follow-up: 12 (36%) were CKD and 12 (17%) no-CKD patients (P = 0.02). When study population was stratified according to arginine, ADMA and SDMA median values, only SDMA (median 0.46 µmol/L) was associated with the primary end-point (P = 0.0016). In models adjusted for age, hemoglobin and left ventricular ejection fraction, the hazard ratio (HR) for CKD and SDMA were high (HR 2.93, interquartile range [IQR] 1.15-7.53; P = 0.02 and HR 6.80, IQR 2.09-22.2; P = 0.001, respectively) but, after mutual adjustment, only SDMA remained significantly associated with the primary end point (HR 5.73, IQR 1.55-21.2; P = 0.009). In NSTEMI patients, elevated SDMA plasma levels are associated with CKD and worse long-term prognosis.

  12. Comparative efficacy of two primary care interventions to assist withdrawal from long term benzodiazepine use: a protocol for a clustered, randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicens, Caterina; Socias, Isabel; Mateu, Catalina; Leiva, Alfonso; Bejarano, Ferran; Sempere, Ermengol; Basora, Josep; Palop, Vicente; Mengual, Marta; Beltran, Jose Luis; Aragonès, Enric; Lera, Guillem; Folch, Silvia; Piñol, Josep Lluís; Esteva, Magdalena; Roca, Miguel; Arenas, Arturo; Del Mar Sureda, María; Campoamor, Francisco; Fiol, Francisca

    2011-04-20

    Although benzodiazepines are effective, long-term use is not recommended because of potential adverse effects; the risks of tolerance and dependence; and an increased risk of hip fractures, motor vehicle accidents, and memory impairment. The estimated prevalence of long-term benzodiazepine use in the general population is about 2,2 to 2,6%, is higher in women and increases steadily with age. Interventions performed by General Practitioners may help patients to discontinue long-term benzodiazepine use. We have designed a trial to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of two brief general practitioner-provided interventions, based on gradual dose reduction, and will compare the effectiveness of these interventions with that of routine clinical practice. In a three-arm cluster randomized controlled trial, general practitioners will be randomly allocated to: a) a group in which the first patient visit will feature a structured interview, followed by visits every 2-3 weeks to the end of dose reduction; b) a group in which the first patient visit will feature a structured interview plus delivery of written instructions to self-reduce benzodiazepine dose, or c) routine care. Using a computerized pharmaceutical prescription database, 495 patients, aged 18-80 years, taking benzodiazepine for at least 6 months, will be recruited in primary care health districts of three regions of Spain (the Balearic Islands, Catalonia, and Valencia). The primary outcome will be benzodiazepine use at 12 months. The secondary outcomes will include measurements of anxiety and depression symptoms, benzodiazepine dependence, quality of sleep, and alcohol consumption. Although some interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing benzodiazepine consumption by long-term users, the clinical relevance of such interventions is limited by their complexity. This randomized trial will compare the effectiveness and safety of two complex stepped care interventions with that of routine care in a

  13. High organic inputs explain shallow and deep SOC storage in a long-term agroforestry system – combining experimental and modeling approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Cardinael

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Agroforestry is an increasingly popular farming system enabling agricultural diversification and providing several ecosystem services. In agroforestry systems, soil organic carbon (SOC stocks are generally increased, but it is difficult to disentangle the different factors responsible for this storage. Organic carbon (OC inputs to the soil may be larger, but SOC decomposition rates may be modified owing to microclimate, physical protection, or priming effect from roots, especially at depth. We used an 18-year-old silvoarable system associating hybrid walnut trees (Juglans regia  ×  nigra and durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum and an adjacent agricultural control plot to quantify all OC inputs to the soil – leaf litter, tree fine root senescence, crop residues, and tree row herbaceous vegetation – and measured SOC stocks down to 2 m of depth at varying distances from the trees. We then proposed a model that simulates SOC dynamics in agroforestry accounting for both the whole soil profile and the lateral spatial heterogeneity. The model was calibrated to the control plot only. Measured OC inputs to soil were increased by about 40 % (+ 1.11 t C ha−1 yr−1 down to 2 m of depth in the agroforestry plot compared to the control, resulting in an additional SOC stock of 6.3 t C ha−1 down to 1 m of depth. However, most of the SOC storage occurred in the first 30 cm of soil and in the tree rows. The model was strongly validated, properly describing the measured SOC stocks and distribution with depth in agroforestry tree rows and alleys. It showed that the increased inputs of fresh biomass to soil explained the observed additional SOC storage in the agroforestry plot. Moreover, only a priming effect variant of the model was able to capture the depth distribution of SOC stocks, suggesting the priming effect as a possible mechanism driving deep SOC dynamics. This result questions the potential of soils to

  14. High organic inputs explain shallow and deep SOC storage in a long-term agroforestry system - combining experimental and modeling approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardinael, Rémi; Guenet, Bertrand; Chevallier, Tiphaine; Dupraz, Christian; Cozzi, Thomas; Chenu, Claire

    2018-01-01

    Agroforestry is an increasingly popular farming system enabling agricultural diversification and providing several ecosystem services. In agroforestry systems, soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks are generally increased, but it is difficult to disentangle the different factors responsible for this storage. Organic carbon (OC) inputs to the soil may be larger, but SOC decomposition rates may be modified owing to microclimate, physical protection, or priming effect from roots, especially at depth. We used an 18-year-old silvoarable system associating hybrid walnut trees (Juglans regia × nigra) and durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum) and an adjacent agricultural control plot to quantify all OC inputs to the soil - leaf litter, tree fine root senescence, crop residues, and tree row herbaceous vegetation - and measured SOC stocks down to 2 m of depth at varying distances from the trees. We then proposed a model that simulates SOC dynamics in agroforestry accounting for both the whole soil profile and the lateral spatial heterogeneity. The model was calibrated to the control plot only. Measured OC inputs to soil were increased by about 40 % (+ 1.11 t C ha-1 yr-1) down to 2 m of depth in the agroforestry plot compared to the control, resulting in an additional SOC stock of 6.3 t C ha-1 down to 1 m of depth. However, most of the SOC storage occurred in the first 30 cm of soil and in the tree rows. The model was strongly validated, properly describing the measured SOC stocks and distribution with depth in agroforestry tree rows and alleys. It showed that the increased inputs of fresh biomass to soil explained the observed additional SOC storage in the agroforestry plot. Moreover, only a priming effect variant of the model was able to capture the depth distribution of SOC stocks, suggesting the priming effect as a possible mechanism driving deep SOC dynamics. This result questions the potential of soils to store large amounts of carbon, especially at depth. Deep

  15. Laparoscopic versus open partial nephrectomy for clinical T1 renal masses: no impact of surgical approach on perioperative complications and long-term postoperative quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Andreas; Pradel, Lea; Kluth, Luis; Schmid, Marianne; Eichelberg, Christian; Ahyai, Sascha; Trinh, Quoc; Seiler, Daniel; Dahlem, Roland; Hansen, Jens; Rink, Michael; Zacharias, Mario; Mehnert, Anja; Bergelt, Corinna; Fisch, Margit; Chun, Felix K H

    2015-03-01

    Beyond oncological safety, consideration of 30-day complications according to Clavien-Dindo, as well as postoperative quality of life (QoL) after nephron-sparing surgery for clinical T1 renal masses, represents important factors for treatment decision counseling. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of laparoscopic versus open partial nephrectomy (LPN vs. OPN) on 30-day complications and long-term postoperative QoL for clinical T1 renal masses. Retrospective, longitudinal analysis of 293 patients treated with either LPN versus OPN for T1 renal masses. The investigated endpoints were 30-day Clavien-Dindo complications and health-related QoL (EORTC QLQ-C30). Respectively, logistic and linear regression models analyzed the effect of surgical partial nephrectomy approach on endpoints. Overall complication rates were similar in patients undergoing OPN or LPN (16.1 vs. 14.6 %, p = 0.8). Significantly less major complications (2.4 vs. 10.4 %, p = 0.025) occurred after LPN. Despite a shorter convalescence period for LPN patients (p = 0.035), in uni- and multivariable analyses, surgical approach was not associated with 30-day complications nor long-term differences in QoL (all p > 0.05). Despite a faster recovery time after LPN, our findings suggest that LPN and OPN are equivalent with regard to 30-day Clavien-Dindo complication rates and long-term QoL.

  16. Long-term combination therapy with infliximab plus azathioprine predicts sustained steroid-free clinical benefit in steroid-dependent ulcerative colitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armuzzi, Alessandro; Pugliese, Daniela; Danese, Silvio; Rizzo, Gianluca; Felice, Carla; Marzo, Manuela; Andrisani, Gianluca; Fiorino, Gionata; Nardone, Olga Maria; De Vitis, Italo; Papa, Alfredo; Rapaccini, Gian Lodovico; Guidi, Luisa

    2014-08-01

    Infliximab (IFX) has demonstrated effectiveness for inducing 12-month steroid-free clinical remission in patients with steroid-dependent ulcerative colitis (UC), but long-term data are lacking. The aim of the study was to describe the long-term outcome of IFX treatment in steroid-dependent UC and investigate if predictors of sustained clinical response and colectomy could be identified. Consecutive patients with steroid-dependent UC treated with IFX were studied. The coprimary prespecified outcomes were sustained clinical response in patients who achieved clinical remission or response after IFX induction and colectomy-free survival. Secondary analyses were addressed to look for predictors of sustained clinical response and colectomy. After induction, 76% (96/126) of patients achieved clinical benefit. The median duration of follow-up on IFX maintenance therapy was 41.5 months (interquartile range, 26-45). Sixty-four percent (46/96) of patients had sustained clinical response at median follow-up. Colectomy-free survival was 77% at median follow-up. Combination therapy of IFX with thiopurines was an independent predictor of sustained clinical response (P < 0.0001; hazard ratio [HR], 3.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.73-9.14). Independent predictors of colectomy were Mayo endoscopic subscore of 3 at baseline (P = 0.04; HR, 2.77; 95% CI, 1.09-7.05) and high C-reactive protein after induction (P = 0.001; HR, 5.65; 95% CI, 2.03-15.7). Thiopurine naive status (P = 0.025; HR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.13-0.87) was protective from colectomy. Long-term IFX treatment is effective in inducing sustained clinical response in patients with steroid-dependent UC. Combination therapy is predictive of sustained clinical response in the long-term. Patients with more severe endoscopic lesions at baseline and high C-reactive protein after induction are at higher risk of colectomy. Conversely, thiopurine naive status is protective from colectomy.

  17. Circulating levels of dimethylarginines, chronic kidney disease and long-term clinical outcome in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Cavalca

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Mechanisms linking chronic kidney disease (CKD and adverse outcomes in acute coronary syndromes (ACS are not fully understood. Among potential key players, reduced nitric oxide (NO synthesis due to its endogenous inhibitors, asymmetric (ADMA and symmetric (SDMA dimethylarginine could be involved. We measured plasma concentration of arginine, ADMA and SDMA and investigated their relationship with CKD and long-term outcome in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We prospectively measured arginine, ADMA, and SDMA at hospital admission in 104 NSTEMI patients. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2. We considered a primary end point of combined cardiac death and re-infarction at a median follow-up of 21 months. In CKD (n = 33 and no-CKD (n = 71 patients, arginine and ADMA were similar, whereas SDMA was significantly higher in CKD patients (0.65±0.23 vs. 0.42±0.12 µmol/L; P<0.0001. Twenty-four (23% patients had an adverse cardiac event during follow-up: 12 (36% were CKD and 12 (17% no-CKD patients (P = 0.02. When study population was stratified according to arginine, ADMA and SDMA median values, only SDMA (median 0.46 µmol/L was associated with the primary end-point (P = 0.0016. In models adjusted for age, hemoglobin and left ventricular ejection fraction, the hazard ratio (HR for CKD and SDMA were high (HR 2.93, interquartile range [IQR] 1.15-7.53; P = 0.02 and HR 6.80, IQR 2.09-22.2; P = 0.001, respectively but, after mutual adjustment, only SDMA remained significantly associated with the primary end point (HR 5.73, IQR 1.55-21.2; P = 0.009. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: In NSTEMI patients, elevated SDMA plasma levels are associated with CKD and worse long-term prognosis.

  18. Long-Term Collections

    CERN Multimedia

    Comité des collectes à long terme

    2011-01-01

    It is the time of the year when our fireman colleagues go around the laboratory for their traditional calendars sale. A part of the money of the sales will be donated in favour of the long-term collections. We hope that you will welcome them warmly.

  19. Impact of Inherited Prothrombotic Disorders on the Long-Term Clinical Outcome of Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty in Patients with Diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Dubský

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of our study was to analyse inherited thrombotic disorders that influence the long-term outcome of PTA. Methods. Diabetic patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD treated by PTA in our centre between 2008 and 2011 were included in the study. Patients were divided into unsuccessful PTA group (75 patients, successful PTA group (58 patients, and control group (65 patients, with diabetes but no PAD. Diagnosis of inherited thrombotic disorders included mutation in factor V (Leiden, factor II (prothrombin, and mutation in genes for methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase—MTHFR (C677T and A1298C. Results. The genotypic frequency of Leiden allele G1691A was significantly associated with a risk of unsuccessful PTA in comparison with successful PTA group and control group (OR 8.8 (1.1–70.6, p=0.041, and OR 9.8 (1.2–79.2, p=0.032, resp.. However, we only observed a trend for the association of the prothrombin allele G20210A and risk of PTA failure. The frequencies of alleles of MTHFR 677 or 1298 did not differ significantly among the groups. Conclusion. Our study showed higher frequency of heterozygous form of Leiden mutation in diabetic patients with unsuccessful outcome of PTA in comparison with patients with successful PTA and diabetic patients without PAD.

  20. Long-term effects of the Mediterranean lifestyle program: a randomized clinical trial for postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritzwoller Debra P

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Multiple-risk-factor interventions offer a promising means for addressing the complex interactions between lifestyle behaviors, psychosocial factors, and the social environment. This report examines the long-term effects of a multiple-risk-factor intervention. Methods Postmenopausal women (N = 279 with type 2 diabetes participated in the Mediterranean Lifestyle Program (MLP, a randomized, comprehensive lifestyle intervention study. The intervention targeted healthful eating, physical activity, stress management, smoking cessation, and social support. Outcomes included lifestyle behaviors (i.e., dietary intake, physical activity, stress management, smoking cessation, psychosocial variables (e.g., social support, problem solving, self-efficacy, depression, quality of life, and cost analyses at baseline, and 6, 12, and 24 months. Results MLP participants showed significant 12- and 24-month improvements in all targeted lifestyle behaviors with one exception (there were too few smokers to analyze tobacco use effects, and in psychosocial measures of use of supportive resources, problem solving, self-efficacy, and quality of life. Conclusion The MLP was more effective than usual care over 24 months in producing improvements on behavioral and psychosocial outcomes. Directions for future research include replication with other populations.

  1. Multidetector CT radiation dose optimisation in adults: short- and long-term effects of a clinical audit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tack, Denis [EpiCURA Hospital, Clinique Louis Caty, Department of Radiology, Baudour (Belgium); Jahnen, Andreas; Kohler, Sarah [CRP Henri Tudor, Luxembourg (Luxembourg); Harpes, Nico; Back, Carlo [Ministry of Health, Department of Radiation Protection, Luxembourg (Luxembourg); Maertelaer, Viviane de [Universite libre de Bruxelles, Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire en Biologie Humaine et Moleculaire and SBIM, Statistical Unit, Brussels (Belgium); Gevenois, Pierre Alain [Hopital Erasme, Department of Radiology, Brussels (Belgium)

    2014-01-15

    To report short- and long-term effects of an audit process intended to optimise the radiation dose from multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT). A survey of radiation dose from all eight MDCT departments in the state of Luxembourg performed in 2007 served as baseline, and involved the most frequently imaged regions (head, sinus, cervical spine, thorax, abdomen, and lumbar spine). CT dose index volume (CTDIvol), dose-length product per acquisition (DLP/acq), and DLP per examination (DLP/exa) were recorded, and their mean, median, 25th and 75th percentiles compared. In 2008, an audit conducted in each department helped to optimise doses. In 2009 and 2010, two further surveys evaluated the audit's impact on the dose delivered. Between 2007 and 2009, DLP/exa significantly decreased by 32-69 % for all regions (P < 0.001) except the lumbar spine (5 %, P = 0.455). Between 2009 and 2010, DLP/exa significantly decreased by 13-18 % for sinus, cervical and lumbar spine (P ranging from 0.016 to less than 0.001). Between 2007 and 2010, DLP/exa significantly decreased for all regions (18-75 %, P < 0.001). Collective dose decreased by 30 % and the 75th percentile (diagnostic reference level, DRL) by 20-78 %. The audit process resulted in long-lasting dose reduction, with DRLs reduced by 20-78 %, mean DLP/examination by 18-75 %, and collective dose by 30 %. (orig.)

  2. [Study of the month. Long-term (1-2 years) clinical trials with orlistat, a new drug for the treatment of obesity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheen, A J

    1999-08-01

    Orlistat (Xenical), whose original mechanism of action consists of the selective inhibition of gastrointestinal lipases, has been recently commercialized for the treatment of obesity. Despite its recent launch and when compared to common anorectic agents, it has been much better evaluated in long-term trials carried out according to the rules of Good Clinical Practice. We will summarize the four recently published randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trials lasting up to 1 to 2 years and evaluating the effects of orlistat 3 x 120 mg/day in obese patients (BMI > or = 28 kg/m2).

  3. Long-term results of a randomized clinical trial comparing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with vertical banded gastroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werling, M; Fändriks, L; Björklund, P; Maleckas, A; Brandberg, J; Lönroth, H; le Roux, C W; Olbers, T

    2013-01-01

    The long-term results of Roux-en-$\\hbox{Y}$ gastric bypass (gastric bypass) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) from randomized studies have not been described in detail. Patients were randomized to gastric bypass or VBG. Body mass index (BMI), body composition, eating habits and gastrointestinal hormones were reviewed after 6 years. The frequency of reoperation was assessed up to 10 years after surgery. Sixty-six (80 per cent) of the 82 subjects randomized were assessed for weight and BMI 6 years after surgery, 30 (81 per cent) in the gastric bypass group and 36 (80 per cent) in the VBG group. Intention-to-treat analysis demonstrated greater weight loss after gastric bypass compared with VBG, 6 years after surgery: BMI reduced from 41·8 (95 per cent confidence interval 41·3 to 42·3) to 30·3 (28·6 to 32·0) kg/m(2) for gastric bypass and from 42·3 (42·8 to 44·8) to 32·9 (31·3 to 34·5) kg/m(2) for VBG (P = 0·036). Gastric bypass caused a larger loss of fat mass (P = 0·026) and better preservation of lean tissue (P = 0·009). Patients having a gastric bypass had greater postprandial responses to the satiety hormones glucagon-like peptide 1 and peptide YY (P = 0·003 and P = 0·004 respectively). Ghrelin levels did not differ between the groups. Patients with a gastric bypass maintained a lower intake of fat compared with those having VBG (P = 0·013). Some 89 per cent of patients who initially had VBG had undergone, or were scheduled for, conversion to gastric bypass at latest follow-up. Gastric bypass was superior to VBG regarding weight loss, body composition, dietary composition and postprandial satiety hormone responses. Copyright © 2012 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Long-Term Clinical Outcome after Treatment for High-Grade Cervical Lesions: A Retrospective Monoinstitutional Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Mistro, Annarosa; Matteucci, Mario; Insacco, Egle Alba; Onnis, GianLibero; Da Re, Filippo; Baboci, Lorena; Zorzi, Manuel; Minucci, Daria

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this retrospective observational study of women treated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) was to assess the long-term risk of residual/recurrent high-grade CIN. We evaluated 760 women treated by loop electrosurgical excision procedure (684) or conization (76) between 2000 and 2009, and followed up to June 30, 2014 (median follow-up 6.7 years, range 4-14). Visits every 6 months for the first year after treatment and yearly for up to the following 10 years included cytology, colposcopy when indicated, and HPV testing (search and typing). CIN2+ or vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (VAIN2+) was detected in 67 cases (8.8%), 39 at first follow-up and 28 after one/more negative visits. The risk of CIN2+ was higher in case of positive margins (odds ratio (OR) 8.04, 95% CI 4.31-15.0), type 3 transformation zone (OR for CIN3 27.7, 95% CI 2.07-36.9), CIN3+ excision (OR 6.02, 95% CI 1.73-20.9), and positive high-risk HPV test at first follow-up (OR for HPV16: 20.6, 95% CI 6.8-62.6; OR for other hrHPV types: 18.3, 95% CI 5.9-57.0). Residual/recurrent high-grade CIN occurred in lesion grade, margins status, and hrHPV test result at 6-12 months of follow-up.

  5. Long-Term Clinical Outcome after Treatment for High-Grade Cervical Lesions: A Retrospective Monoinstitutional Cohort Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annarosa Del Mistro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The aim of this retrospective observational study of women treated for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+ was to assess the long-term risk of residual/recurrent high-grade CIN. Materials and Methods. We evaluated 760 women treated by loop electrosurgical excision procedure (684 or conization (76 between 2000 and 2009, and followed up to June 30, 2014 (median follow-up 6.7 years, range 4–14. Visits every 6 months for the first year after treatment and yearly for up to the following 10 years included cytology, colposcopy when indicated, and HPV testing (search and typing. Results. CIN2+ or vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (VAIN2+ was detected in 67 cases (8.8%, 39 at first follow-up and 28 after one/more negative visits. The risk of CIN2+ was higher in case of positive margins (odds ratio (OR 8.04, 95% CI 4.31–15.0, type 3 transformation zone (OR for CIN3 27.7, 95% CI 2.07–36.9, CIN3+ excision (OR 6.02, 95% CI 1.73–20.9, and positive high-risk HPV test at first follow-up (OR for HPV16: 20.6, 95% CI 6.8–62.6; OR for other hrHPV types: 18.3, 95% CI 5.9–57.0. Conclusion. Residual/recurrent high-grade CIN occurred in <9% cases, and the risk was associated with transformation zone type, lesion grade, margins status, and hrHPV test result at 6–12 months of follow-up.

  6. Impact of sirolimus-eluting stent fractures without early cardiac events on long-term clinical outcomes: A multislice computed tomography study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ito, Tsuyoshi [Toyohashi Heart Center, Oyama-cho, Toyohashi (Japan); Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Department of Cardio-Renal Medicine and Hypertension, Nagoya (Japan); Kimura, Masashi; Ehara, Mariko; Terashima, Mitsuyasu; Nasu, Kenya; Kinoshita, Yoshihisa; Habara, Maoto; Tsuchikane, Etsuo; Suzuki, Takahiko [Toyohashi Heart Center, Oyama-cho, Toyohashi (Japan)

    2014-05-15

    This study sought to evaluate the impact of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) fractures on long-term clinical outcomes using multislice computed tomography (MSCT). In this study, 528 patients undergoing 6- to 18-month follow-up 64-slice MSCT after SES implantation without early clinical events were followed clinically (the median follow-up interval was 4.6 years). A CT-detected stent fracture was defined as a complete gap with Hounsfield units (HU) <300 at the site of separation. The major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), including cardiac death, stent thrombosis, and target lesion revascularisation, were compared according to the presence of stent fracture. Stent fractures were observed in 39 patients (7.4 %). MACEs were more common in patients with CT-detected stent fractures than in those without (46 % vs. 7 %, p < 0.01). Univariate Cox regression analysis indicated a significant relationship between MACE and stent fracture [hazard ratio (HR) 7.65; p < 0.01], age (HR 1.03; p = 0.04), stent length (HR 1.03; p < 0.01), diabetes mellitus (HR 1.77; p = 0.04), and chronic total occlusion (HR 2.54; p = 0.01). In the multivariate model, stent fracture (HR 5.36; p < 0.01) and age (HR 1.03; p = 0.04) remained significant predictors of MACE. An SES fracture detected by MSCT without early clinical events was associated with long-term clinical adverse events. (orig.)

  7. Long-term safety evaluation of bimatoprost ophthalmic solution 0.03%: a pooled analysis of six double-masked, randomized, active-controlled clinical trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wirta D

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available David Wirta1, Amanda M VanDenburgh2, Emily Weng3, Scott M Whitcup4, Sef Kurstjens5, Frederick C Beddingfield III4,61Private Practice, Newport Beach, CA, USA; 2Clinical Development, 3Biostatistics, 4Research and Development, 5Global Drug Development, Allergan, Inc, Irvine, CA, USA; 6Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USABackground: Bimatoprost ophthalmic solution 0.03% was approved in the US for reducing intraoccular pressure (IOP based on two double-masked, active-controlled clinical trials. Four additional long-term studies (≥ 12months were conducted; however, the aggregate safety profile of the six studies has not been reported.Methods: Adverse events (AEs were pooled from six double-masked, active-controlled, long-term clinical trials in which subjects received bimatoprost 0.03% once daily (QD or twice daily (BID as an eyedrop. AE terms were converted to MedDRA (V.11.0 Preferred Terms and analyzed.Results: In total, 1409 patients received more than one dose of bimatoprost 0.03% QD or BID. Most AEs were mild in severity and reported by 86.7% (QD and 94.8% (BID of subjects (≤ 12 months of treatment. AEs reported through month 12 (aggregate incidence of ≥ 5% were conjunctival hyperemia, increased eyelash growth, eye pruritus, periocular skin hyperpigmentation, eye irritation, dry eye, and hypertrichosis. AE onset was generally reported within four months of treatment. The cumulative incidence of common AEs in the QD treatment group at 24–48 months was similar to that measured at 12 months of treatment.Conclusion: Bimatoprost 0.03% has a favorable safety and tolerability profile as characterized by six long-term studies. Common AEs were due to the known pharmacological activity of bimatoprost and reversible with treatment cessation.Keywords: intraocular pressure, eyelids, pharmacology, clinical trial, medical treatment

  8. Long-term effect of galantamine on cognitive function in patients with Alzheimer’s disease versus a simulated disease trajectory: an observational study in the clinical setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nakagawa R

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Ryoko Nakagawa,1 Takashi Ohnishi,1 Hisanori Kobayashi,1 Toshio Yamaoka,2 Tsutomu Yajima,3 Ai Tanimura,4 Toshiya Kato,4 Kazutake Yoshizawa1 1Evidence Generation Department, Medical Affairs Division, 2Clinical Data Management Department, R&D Division, 3Biostatistics Department, Quantitative Science Division, 4Drug Surveillance Department, R&D Division, Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K., Tokyo, Japan Background: Long-term maintenance of cognitive function is an important goal of treatment for Alzheimer’s disease (AD, but evidence about the long-term efficacy of cholinesterase inhibitors is sparse. To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of galantamine for AD in routine clinical practice, we conducted a 72-week post-marketing surveillance study. The effect of galantamine on cognitive function was estimated in comparison with a simulated disease trajectory. Patients and methods: Patients with mild-to-moderate AD received flexible dosing of galantamine (16–24 mg/day during this study. Cognitive function was assessed by the mini mental state examination (MMSE and the clinical status was determined by the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (CGI-I. Changes of the MMSE score without treatment were estimated in each patient using Mendiondo’s model. Generalized linear mixed model analysis was performed to compare the simulated MMSE scores with the actual scores. Results: Of the 661 patients who were enrolled, 642 were evaluable for safety and 554 were assessed for efficacy. The discontinuation rate was 46.73%. Cognitive decline indicated by the mean change of actual MMSE scores was significantly smaller than the simulated decline. Individual analysis demonstrated that >70% of patients had better actual MMSE scores than their simulated scores. Significant improvement of CGI-I was also observed during the observation period. Adverse events occurred in 28.5% of patients and were serious in 8.41%. The reported events generally corresponded with the

  9. Long-term success of oral health intervention among care-dependent institutionalized seniors: Findings from a controlled clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwindling, Franz Sebastian; Krisam, Johannes; Hassel, Alexander J; Rammelsberg, Peter; Zenthöfer, Andreas

    2017-09-20

    The purpose of this work was to investigate the long-term effectiveness of oral health education of caregivers in nursing homes with care-dependent and cognitively impaired residents. Fourteen nursing homes with a total of 269 residents were allocated to a control group, with continued normal care, or to an intervention group. Allocation was performed at nursing home level. In the intervention group, caregivers were given oral health education, and ultrasonic cleaning devices were provided to clean removable prostheses. Oral health was assessed at baseline and after 6 and 12 months by use of the Plaque Control Record (PCR), Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI), Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN) and Denture Hygiene Index (DHI). Mixed models for repeated measures were performed for each target variable, with possible confounding factors (intervention/control group, age, sex, residence location and care-dependence). In the control group, no changes of target variables were observed between baseline and the 6- and 12-month follow-ups. After 6 and 12 months, PCR and DHI were significantly improved in the intervention group. For PCR, the intergroup difference of improvements was -14.4 (95% CI: -21.8; -6.9) after 6 months. After 12 months, the difference was -16.2 (95% CI: -27.7; -4.7). For DHI, the intergroup difference compared to baseline was -15 (95% CI: -23.6; -6.5) after 6 months and -13.3 (95% CI: -24.9; -1.8) after 12 months. There was neither a statistically significant effect on GBI nor on CPITN. Care-dependency showed a substantial trend to smaller improvements in PCR (P = .074), while an inverse effect was apparent for DHI (P home residents over longer periods. Use of ultrasonic devices is a promising means of improving denture hygiene among the severely care-dependent. Such interventions can be easily and cheaply implemented in routine daily care. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. The incremental impact of residual SYNTAX score on long-term clinical outcomes in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease treated by percutaneous coronary interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witberg, Guy; Lavi, Ifat; Assali, Abid; Vaknin-Assa, Hana; Lev, Eli; Kornowski, Ran

    2015-07-01

    To broaden the data supporting the use of the residual SYNTAX score (rSS) to define "reasonable" incomplete coronary revascularization (ICR) in order to improve the allocation of patients with severe coronary artery disease (CAD) to surgical/percutaneous revascularization and long-term clinical outcomes. ICR is associated with a worse prognosis in patients with severe CAD, yet no consensus exists regarding its definition. We studied 148 consecutive patients with triple vessel/left main (3VD/LM) CVD treated by percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Clinical outcomes at 3 years were collected; the SS and rSS were calculated. We used various definitions of "reasonable" ICR:no post-PCI total occlusion, single vs. mutivessel residual post-PCI disease, and the rSS at a cutoff value determined according to ROC curve fitted for 3 years major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events (MACCE) in order to determine which definition has the strongest correlation with long-term outcomes. rSS ≤ 8 was associated with significant reductions in 3 year MACCE (19.4 vs. 51.1%, HR = 3.62, P = 0.014) Death/MI/CVA (13.7 vs. 28.8%, HR = 6.01, P = 0.030) and repeat revascularization (8.6 vs. 28.9%, HR = 3.44, P = 0.033) using a Cox proportional hazard ratio model adjusted to baseline characteristics, whereas single vessel residual disease and absence of total occlusion were not. "Reasonable" ICR as determined by rSS carries better long-term prognosis in terms of clinical outcomes vs. more extensive residual coronary disease in patients with 3VD/LM coronary artery disease treated by PCI. The rSS may improve the allocation of coronary patients to the optimal mode of revascularization. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  11. Field triage reduces treatment delay and improves long-term clinical outcome in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Sune H; Galatius, Soren; Hansen, Peter R

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the independent impact of field triage on treatment delay and long-term clinical outcome in a large contemporary, consecutive population of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). BACKGROUND...... by field triage and 821 by emergency departments. Baseline and angiographic variables were similar in the 2 populations. Patients admitted by field triage had a significantly shorter median door-to-balloon time compared with patients admitted by emergency department triage (83 min, interquartile range 67...... to 100 min vs. 103 min, interquartile range 80 to 135 min; ptriage patients, but only in 36% of nonfield-triage patients (p

  12. Pregabalin for the discontinuation of long-term benzodiazepines use: an assessment of its effectiveness in daily clinical practice

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bobes, J; Rubio, G; Terán, A; Cervera, G; López-Gómez, V; Vilardaga, I; Pérez, M

    2012-01-01

    ... other major psychiatry disorder. Evaluations included the Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Symptom Questionnaire, the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, the Clinical Global Impression Scale, and the Sheehan Disability Scale...

  13. Clinical characteristics and favorable long-term outcomes for patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: a retrospective single center study in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu Xiao

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the clinical features and true survival risk factors in Chinese Han population. We conducted the current study to investigate the clinical features, long-term outcome and true potential indicators associated with mortality of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM in China. Methods We restrospectvely investigated 188 patients diagnosed with IIM at our hospital from January 1986 to April 2009. The primary outcome was determined with mortality. The secondary outcomes for survival patients were organ damage and disease activity, health status, and disability, which were assessed with Myositis Damage Index, Myositis Disease Activity Assessment Visual Analogue Scales, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index, and the Modified Rankin Scale, respectively. Potential prognostic factors for mortality were analyzed with the multivariate Cox regression model. Results Mean age at disease onset was 43.8 ± 15.8 years and male to female ratio was 1:2.1 in this cohort. The 1-, 5-, 10-, 15- and 20-year survival rates were 93.6%, 88.7%, 81%, 73.6% and 65.6%. The independent predicators for mortality were age at disease onset [hazard ratio (HR:1.05, 95% CI 1.02 - 1.08], presence of cancer (HR:3.68, 95%CI 1.39 - 9.74, and elevated IgA level at diagnosis (HR:2.80, 95% CI 1.16-6.74. At the end of the follow-up, 29 patients manifested drug withdrawal within an average 4.1 years (range 0.5-15.2 year, most patients (85.9% had no disease activity and 130 patients (83.4% had no disability. Conclusions The long-term outcomes of IIM patients in our cohort have improved dramatically. Those patients most likely to survive had a high chance of reaching stable disease status, and obtained long-term or possibly permanent remission to a large extent.

  14. Displaced Neer Type IIB distal-third clavicle fractures-Long-term clinical outcome after plate fixation and additional screw augmentation for coracoclavicular instability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiefenboeck, Thomas M; Boesmueller, Sandra; Binder, Harald; Bukaty, Adam; Tiefenboeck, Michael M; Joestl, Julian; Hofbauer, Marcus; Ostermann, Roman C

    2017-01-23

    Unstable Neer Type IIB fractures require meticulous surgical treatment. Thus, the aim of this study was to present long-term outcomes after plate fixation and minimally invasive coracoclavicular (CC) stabilization using screw fixation. A consecutive series of patients with unstable Neer Type IIB displaced clavicle fractures, treated by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with a plate and additional screw fixation for coracoclavicular ligament instability, was reviewed in order to determine long-term clinical and radiological outcome. Seven patients, six males and one female, with a mean age of 37 ± 8 years (median: 36 years; range, 28-51 years), were evaluated. At latest follow-up, after a mean of 67 months (range, 11-117 months), patients presented with the following mean scores: DASH: 0.57, ASES: 98.81, UCLA: 34.29, VAS: 0.43, Simple Shoulder Test: 11.57. However, two complications were observed: one case of implant loosening and one non-union. There were no differences observed between the CC distances comparing postoperative X-rays to those in final follow-up. In 25% of our patients early postoperative complications occurred. In all patients reoperation was necessary to remove the implanted screw. The results of the present study indicate that the treatment of Neer Type IIB lateral clavicle fractures with ORIF using a plate and additional CC screw fixation, leads to satisfying clinical and radiological outcomes in the long-term. However, considering an early postoperative complication rate of 25% and a 100% rate of secondary surgery due to removal of the CC screw does not seem to justify this technique anymore.

  15. Comparative efficacy of two primary care interventions to assist withdrawal from long term benzodiazepine use: A protocol for a clustered, randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roca Miguel

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although benzodiazepines are effective, long-term use is not recommended because of potential adverse effects; the risks of tolerance and dependence; and an increased risk of hip fractures, motor vehicle accidents, and memory impairment. The estimated prevalence of long-term benzodiazepine use in the general population is about 2,2 to 2,6%, is higher in women and increases steadily with age. Interventions performed by General Practitioners may help patients to discontinue long-term benzodiazepine use. We have designed a trial to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of two brief general practitioner-provided interventions, based on gradual dose reduction, and will compare the effectiveness of these interventions with that of routine clinical practice. Methods/Design In a three-arm cluster randomized controlled trial, general practitioners will be randomly allocated to: a a group in which the first patient visit will feature a structured interview, followed by visits every 2-3 weeks to the end of dose reduction; b a group in which the first patient visit will feature a structured interview plus delivery of written instructions to self-reduce benzodiazepine dose, or c routine care. Using a computerized pharmaceutical prescription database, 495 patients, aged 18-80 years, taking benzodiazepine for at least 6 months, will be recruited in primary care health districts of three regions of Spain (the Balearic Islands, Catalonia, and Valencia. The primary outcome will be benzodiazepine use at 12 months. The secondary outcomes will include measurements of anxiety and depression symptoms, benzodiazepine dependence, quality of sleep, and alcohol consumption. Discussion Although some interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing benzodiazepine consumption by long-term users, the clinical relevance of such interventions is limited by their complexity. This randomized trial will compare the effectiveness and safety of two

  16. CPTAC Evaluates Long-Term Reproducibility of Quantitative Proteomics Using Breast Cancer Xenografts | Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)- based methods such as isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) and tandem mass tags (TMT) have been shown to provide overall better quantification accuracy and reproducibility over other LC-MS/MS techniques. However, large scale projects like the Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) require comparisons across many genomically characterized clinical specimens in a single study and often exceed the capability of traditional iTRAQ-based quantification.

  17. The Long-HER study: clinical and molecular analysis of patients with HER2+ advanced breast cancer who become long-term survivors with trastuzumab-based therapy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelo Gámez-Pozo

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Trastuzumab improves survival outcomes in patients with HER2+ metastatic breast cancer. The Long-Her study was designed to identify clinical and molecular markers that could differentiate long-term survivors from patients having early progression after trastuzumab treatment. METHODS: Data were collected from women with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer treated with trastuzumab that experienced a response or stable disease during at least 3 years. Patients having a progression in the first year of therapy with trastuzumab were used as a control. Genes related with trastuzumab resistance were identified and investigated for network and gene functional interrelation. Models predicting poor response to trastuzumab were constructed and evaluated. Finally, a mutational status analysis of selected genes was performed in HER2 positive breast cancer samples. RESULTS: 103 patients were registered in the Long-HER study, of whom 71 had obtained a durable complete response. Median age was 58 years. Metastatic disease was diagnosed after a median of 24.7 months since primary diagnosis. Metastases were present in the liver (25%, lungs (25%, bones (23% and soft tissues (23%, with 20% of patients having multiple locations of metastases. Median duration of response was 55 months. The molecular analysis included 35 patients from the group with complete response and 18 patients in a control poor-response group. Absence of trastuzumab as part of adjuvant therapy was the only clinical factor associated with long-term survival. Gene ontology analysis demonstrated that PI3K pathway was associated with poor response to trastuzumab-based therapy: tumours in the control group usually had four or five alterations in this pathway, whereas tumours in the Long-HER group had two alterations at most. CONCLUSIONS: Trastuzumab may provide a substantial long-term survival benefit in a selected group of patients. Whole genome expression analysis comparing long-term

  18. The Long-Term Financial and Clinical Impact of an Electronic Health Record on an Academic Ophthalmology Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele C. Lim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To examine financial and clinical work productivity outcomes associated with the use of the electronic health record (EHR. Methods. 191,360 billable clinical encounters were analyzed for 12 clinical providers over a 9-year study period during which an EHR was implemented. Main outcome measures were clinical revenues collected per provider and secondary outcomes were charge capture, patient visit coding levels, transcription costs, patient visit volume per provider, digital drawing, and digital imaging volume. Results. The difference in inflation adjusted net clinical revenue per provider per year did not change significantly in the period after EHR implementation (mean = $404,198; SD = $17,912 than before (mean = $411,420; SD = $39,366 (P=0.746. Charge capture, the proportion of higher- and lower-level visit codes for new and established patients, and patient visits per provider remained stable. A total savings of $188,951 in transcription costs occurred over a 4-year time period post-EHR implementation. The rate of drawing the ophthalmic exam in the EHR was low (mean = 2.28%; SD = 0.05% for all providers. Conclusions. This study did not show a clear financial gain after EHR implementation in an academic ophthalmology practice. Ophthalmologists do not rely on drawings to document the ophthalmic exam; instead, the ophthalmic exam becomes text-driven in a paperless world.

  19. Long-Term Cultures of Human Cornea Limbal Explants Form 3D Structures Ex Vivo - Implications for Tissue Engineering and Clinical Applications.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dóra Júlia Szabó

    Full Text Available Long-term cultures of cornea limbal epithelial stem cells (LESCs were developed and characterized for future tissue engineering and clinical applications. The limbal tissue explants were cultivated and expanded for more than 3 months in medium containing serum as the only growth supplement and without use of scaffolds. Viable 3D cell outgrowth from the explants was observed within 4 weeks of cultivation. The outgrowing cells were examined by immunofluorescent staining for putative markers of stemness (ABCG2, CK15, CK19 and Vimentin, proliferation (p63α, Ki-67, limbal basal epithelial cells (CK8/18 and differentiated cornea epithelial cells (CK3 and CK12. Morphological and immunostaining analyses revealed that long-term culturing can form stratified 3D tissue layers with a clear extracellular matrix deposition and organization (collagen I, IV and V. The LESCs showed robust expression of p63α, ABCG2, and their surface marker fingerprint (CD117/c-kit, CXCR4, CD146/MCAM, CD166/ALCAM changed over time compared to short-term LESC cultures. Overall, we provide a model for generating stem cell-rich, long-standing 3D cultures from LESCs which can be used for further research purposes and clinical transplantation.

  20. Long-Term Clinical Outcomes After Switching from Remicade® to Biosimilar CT-P13 in Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smits, Lisa J T; Grelack, Anna; Derikx, Lauranne A A P; de Jong, Dirk J; van Esch, Aura A J; Boshuizen, Ronald S; Drenth, Joost P H; Hoentjen, Frank

    2017-11-01

    Limited data are available on long-term clinical outcomes regarding the switch from Remicade® to the infliximab biosimilar CT-P13 in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. To investigate long-term efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetic profile, and immunogenicity. We performed a single-center prospective observational cohort study following an elective switch from Remicade® to CT-P13 in IBD patients. Eighty-three patients were included (57 Crohn's disease, 24 ulcerative colitis, and 2 IBD unclassified), and 68 patients completed one-year follow-up. Disease activity (Harvey-Bradshaw Index and Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index) as well as inflammatory markers (CRP, fecal calprotectin) did not change significantly during the 1-year follow-up. In total, 7 out of 83 patients (8%) demonstrated detectable antidrug antibodies during follow-up, and 5 out of 7 antidrug antibody titers were already detectable at baseline prior to switching. Six patients (7%) discontinued CT-P13 due to adverse events. Following a switch from Remicade® to CT-P13, 82% of IBD patients continued treatment through 1 year. Disease activity scores and inflammatory markers remained unchanged during follow-up, and no CT-P13-related serious adverse events occurred. These 1-year data suggest that switching to CT-P13 in Remicade®-treated IBD patients is safe and feasible.

  1. Long-Term Left Ventricular Remodelling in Rat Model of Nonreperfused Myocardial Infarction: Sequential MR Imaging Using a 3T Clinical Scanner

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    Muhammad G. Saleh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate whether 3T clinical MRI with a small-animal coil and gradient-echo (GE sequence could be used to characterize long-term left ventricular remodelling (LVR following nonreperfused myocardial infarction (MI using semi-automatic segmentation software (SASS in a rat model. Materials and Methods. 5 healthy rats were used to validate left ventricular mass (LVM measured by MRI with postmortem values. 5 sham and 7 infarcted rats were scanned at 2 and 4 weeks after surgery to allow for functional and structural analysis of the heart. Measurements included ejection fraction (EF, end-diastolic volume (EDV, end-systolic volume (ESV, and LVM. Changes in different regions of the heart were quantified using wall thickness analyses. Results. LVM validation in healthy rats demonstrated high correlation between MR and postmortem values. Functional assessment at 4 weeks after MI revealed considerable reduction in EF, increases in ESV, EDV, and LVM, and contractile dysfunction in infarcted and noninfarcted regions. Conclusion. Clinical 3T MRI with a small animal coil and GE sequence generated images in a rat heart with adequate signal-to-noise ratio (SNR for successful semiautomatic segmentation to accurately and rapidly evaluate long-term LVR after MI.

  2. Clinical features and molecular analysis of arginine-vasopressin neurophysin II gene in long-term follow-up patients with idiopathic central diabetes insipidus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batista, Sergio L; Moreira, Ayrton C; Antunes-Rodrigues, Jose; Castro, Margaret de; Elias, Lucila L K; Elias, Paula C L

    2010-03-01

    Central diabetes insipidus (DI) characterized by polyuria, polydipsia and inability to concentrate urine, has different etiologies including genetic, autoimmune, post-traumatic, among other causes. Autosomal dominant central DI presents the clinical feature of a progressive decline of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) secretion. In this study, we characterized the clinical features and sequenced the AVP-NPII gene of seven long-term follow-up patients with idiopathic central DI in an attempt to determine whether a genetic cause would be involved. The diagnosis of central DI was established by fluid deprivation test and hyper-tonic saline infusion. For molecular analysis, genomic DNA was extracted and the AVP-NPII gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced. Sequencing analysis revealed a homozygous guanine insertion in the intron 2 (IVS2 +28 InsG) of the AVP-NPII gene in four patients, which represents an alternative gene assembly. No mutation in the code region of the AVP-NPII gene was found. The homozygous guanine insertion in intron 2 (IVS2 +28 InsG) is unlikely to contribute to the AVP-NPII gene modulation in DI. In addition, the etiology of idiopathic central DI in children may not be apparent even after long-term follow-up, and requires continuous etiological surveillance.

  3. Strategies for Successful Long-Term Engagement of Adults With Phenylalanine Hydroxylase Deficiency Returning to the Clinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janet Thomas MD

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Nearly half of all patients diagnosed with phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH deficiency, also known as phenylketonuria, are lost to follow-up (LTFU; most are adults who stopped attending clinic after the age of 18 years. To understand why adult patients with PAH deficiency disengage from their clinic, a focus group of 8 adults with PAH deficiency who had been LTFU for 2 or more years was held in March 2016. Ten clinicians observed the focus group and discussed strategies for successfully reengaging adult patients and encouraging lifelong management of PAH deficiency. Four strategies were proposed: (1 create a safe, supportive environment, (2 acknowledge patients as partners in their care, (3 develop individualized management plans, and (4 provide patients with additional resources. These strategies provide a framework to motivate change in clinical practice to meet the unique needs of adults with PAH deficiency.

  4. Long-term clinical outcomes with the retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure compared to Burch colposuspension for correcting stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdø, Bjørn; Verelst, Margareta; Svenningsen, Rune; Milsom, Ian; Skjeldestad, Finn Egil

    2017-11-01

    The retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure replaced Burch colposuspension as the primary surgical method for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) in women in our department in 1998. In this study we compared the short-term and long-term clinical outcomes of these surgical procedures. Using a case series design, we compared the last 5 years of the Burch procedure (n = 127, 1994-1999) with the first 5 years of the retropubic TVT procedure (n = 180, 1998-2002). Information from the medical records was transferred to a case report form comprising data on perioperative and long-term complications as well as recurrence of UI, defined as bothersome UI or UI in need of repeat surgery. Other endpoints were rates of perioperative and late complications and the rates of prolapse surgery after primary surgery. The data were analyzed with the chi-squared and t tests and survival analysis using SPSS. The cumulative recurrence rate of SUI in women with preoperative SUI was significantly higher after the Burch procedure, but no difference was observed in women with MUI. There were no significant differences in rates of perioperative and late complications. At 12 years there was a significant increase in rates of repeat surgery for incontinence and prolapse in women after the Burch procedure. The long-term efficacy of TVT surgery was superior to that of Burch colposuspension in women with SUI. In addition, the rate of late prolapse surgery was significantly higher after the Burch procedure.

  5. Long-term clinical outcomes for bifurcation treatment using a provisional T-stenting and double proximal optimization technique with Absorb bioresorbable scaffolds

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    Р. Д. Иванченко

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The article presents long-term outcomes of treatment of coronary artery bifurcation lesions by using bioresorbable vascular scaffolds and provisional T-stenting combined with double proximal optimization. Methods. 14 patients aged 44-80 years (mean age 61±6 years including 8 (57.14 % males underwent endovascular treatment of coronary artery bifurcation lesions by using Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS. Clinical/instrumental analysis was carried out after 23.7±4.12 months. Angiographic examination was performed in 12 cases (85.71 %. 7 patients (50 % underwent optical coherent tomography. Results. 11 patients (78.57 were free of angina during long-term follow-up. 1 patient (7.14 % developed BVS thrombosis and received a drug-eluting stent. A neointimal layer of the main branch increased during long-term follow-up to 29.23±7.82%, that of the lateral branch – up to 19.2±7.48%. Optical coherence tomography (OCT shows that all strata are fully covered with neointima, the number of strata with malappositions is minimal and the loss of the main branch diameter (16.9±4.9% is insignificant. Conclusion. The use of Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffolds implanted by means of provisional T-stenting combined with double proximal optimization when treating coronary artery bifurcation lesions is a safe and efficient procedure.Received 2 February 2017. Accepted 10 March 2017.Financing: The study did not have sponsorship.Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

  6. Randomized controlled clinical trial of long-term chemo-mechanical caries removal using PapacarieTM gel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lara Jansiski MOTTA

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Compare the effectiveness of PapacarieTM gel for the chemo-mechanical removal of carious lesions on primary teeth to conventional caries removal with a low-speed bur with regard to execution time, clinical aspects and radiographic findings. Material and Methods: A randomized controlled clinical trial with a split-mouth design was carried out. The sample was composed of 20 children aged four to seven years, in whom 40 deciduous teeth were randomly divided into two groups: chemo-mechanical caries removal with PapacarieTM and removal of carious dentin with a low-speed bur. Each child underwent both procedures and served as his/her own control. Restorations were performed with glass ionomer cement. The time required to perform the procedure was also analyzed. The patients underwent longitudinal clinical and radiographic follow-up of the restorations. Results: No statistically significant difference between groups was found regarding the time required to perform the procedures and the radiographic follow up. Statistically significant differences between groups were found in the clinical evaluation at 6 and 18 months after treatment. Conclusion: PapacarieTM is as effective as the traditional method for the removal of carious dentin on deciduous teeth, but offers the advantages of the preservation of sound dental tissue as well as the avoidance of sharp rotary instruments and local anesthesia.

  7. Long-term evaluation of hollow screw and hollow cylinder dental implants : Clinical and radiographic results after 10 years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Telleman, Gerdien; Meijer, Henny J. A.; Raghoebar, Gerry M.

    Background: In 1988, an implant manufacturer offered a new dental implant system, with a wide choice of hollow cylinder (HC) and hollow screw (HS) implants. The purpose of this retrospective study of HS and HC implants was to evaluate clinical and radiographic parameters of peri-implant tissue and

  8. Clinical heart failure in a cohort of children treated with anthracyclines: a long-term follow-up study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dalen, Elvira C.; van der Pal, Helena J. H.; Kok, Wouter E. M.; Caron, Huib N.; Kremer, Leontien C. M.

    2006-01-01

    The cumulative incidence of anthracycline-induced clinical heart failure (A-CHF) in a large cohort of 830 children treated with a mean cumulative anthracycline dose of 288 mg/m2 (median 280 mg/m2; range 15-900 mg/m2) with a very long and complete follow-up after the start of anthracycline therapy

  9. Long-Term Collection

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, As previously announced in Echo (No. 254), your delegates took action to draw attention to the projects of the Long-Term Collections (LTC), the humanitarian body of the CERN Staff Association. On Tuesday, 11 October, at noon, small Z-Cards were widely distributed at the entrances of CERN restaurants and we thank you all for your interest. We hope to have achieved an important part of our goal, which was to inform you, convince you and find new supporters among you. We will find out in the next few days! An exhibition of the LTC was also set up in the Main Building for the entire week. The Staff Association wants to celebrate the occasion of the Long-Term Collection’s 45th anniversary at CERN because, ever since 1971, CERN personnel have showed great support in helping the least fortunate people on the planet in a variety of ways according to their needs. On a regular basis, joint fundraising appeals are made with the Directorate to help the victims of natural disasters around th...

  10. Collectes à long terme

    CERN Multimedia

    Collectes à long terme

    2014-01-01

    En cette fin d’année 2014 qui approche à grands pas, le Comité des Collectes à Long Terme remercie chaleureusement ses fidèles donatrices et donateurs réguliers pour leurs contributions à nos actions en faveur des plus démunis de notre planète. C’est très important, pour notre Comité, de pouvoir compter sur l’appui assidu que vous nous apportez. Depuis plus de 40 ans maintenant, le modèle des CLT est basé principalement sur des actions à long terme (soit une aide pendant 4-5 ans par projet, mais plus parfois selon les circonstances), et sa planification demande une grande régularité de ses soutiens financiers. Grand MERCI à vous ! D’autres dons nous parviennent au cours de l’année, et ils sont aussi les bienvenus. En particulier, nous tenons à remercier...

  11. Primary Whipple disease of the brain: case report with long-term clinical and MRI follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peregrin J

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Jan Peregrin,1 Hana Malikova2,3 1Department of Neurology, 2Department of Radiology, Na Homolce Hospital, 3Second Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Anatomy, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic Abstract: Whipple disease (WD is a rare systemic disorder caused by the bacteria Tropheryma whipplei. In its classic form, it manifests with gastrointestinal problems including diarrhea, abdominal pain, and weight loss. However, various other systems can be affected, including the central nervous system (CNS. Even more rarely, the CNS is primarily affected without gastrointestinal symptoms and with a negative small bowel biopsy. The incidence of primary CNS WD is unknown. We report the case of a young female with the primary CNS form of WD. In this report, we highlight the main clinical features and diagnostic procedures that lead to the diagnosis and comment on the treatment and clinical response. We stress the importance of neuroimaging and brain biopsy. A unique feature of this case is that the patient has been followed up for 12 years. At the time of diagnosis, no neurological manifestations were detected, although a tumor-like lesion in the right temporal lobe and hypothalamic infiltration were present on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. The first neurological manifestations developed 2 years later despite recommended antibiotic treatment, with cognitive impairment developing more than 10 years later. According to the MRI findings and clinical course, the disease was active for several years when multiple lesions on MRI appeared despite antibiotic therapy. In the discussion, we compare the present case with similar cases previously reported and we elaborate on the similarities and discrepancies in clinical features, diagnostic procedures, results, and treatment options. Keywords: central nervous system, brain biopsy, antibiotic treatment

  12. Clinical Pattern and Acute and Long-term Management of Hereditary Angioedema Due to C1-Esterase Inhibitor Deficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Traseira, C; Pérez-Fernández, E; López-Serrano, M C; García-Ara, M C; Pedrosa, M; López-Trascasa, M; Caballero, T

    2015-01-01

    Hereditary angioedema due to C1-esterase inhibitor deficiency (HAE-C1-INH) is a life-threatening disease. To describe the clinical characteristics and management of patients with HAE-C1-INH during routine clinical practice. An observational, retrospective study was performed in patients with HAE-C1-INH. Demographic, clinical, and analytical data were collected from 2 periods: period A (October 2009-September 2010) and period B (October 2007-September 2009). We studied 112 patients with HAE-C1-INH (57.1% females). Age at onset of symptoms was 14.4 years (lower in patients who had experienced attacks in the previous year). In period B (n=87), 62.1% of patients presented at least 1 edema attack (median, 3.5 attacks/patient/2 years), and 19.1% of attacks were treated. In period A (n=77), 58.4% of patients were on maintenance therapy. Stanozolol was the most widely used drug (48.9%), with a mean weekly dose of 6.7 mg. At least 1 attack was recorded in 72.7% of patients (median, 3.0 attacks/patient/year), and 31.5% of the attacks were treated. Treatment of acute attacks increased by 12.4%. Age at onset of symptoms is associated with clinical expression of disease. The higher age at onset of symptoms, the fewer number of attacks per patient and year, and the lower dose of attenuated androgens necessary to control the disease than in other series lead us to hypothesize that HAE-C1-INH could have a less severe expression in Spain. Acute attacks seem to be treated increasingly often.

  13. Destructive spondyloarthropathy of the cervical spine in long-term hemodialyzed patients: a five-year clinical radiological prospective study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leone, A.; Marano, P. [Dept. of Radiology, Univ. Cattolica, Rome (Italy); Sundaram, M. [Dept. of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Cerase, A. [Unit of Neuroradiology, Policlinico ' ' Le Scotte' ' , Siena (Italy); Magnavita, N. [Dept. of Occupational Medicine, Univ. Cattolica, Rome (Italy); Tazza, L. [Dept. of Surgery, Univ. Cattolica, Rome (Italy)

    2001-08-01

    To describe the radiographic features and progression of cervical spine destructive spondyloarthropathy (DSA) in hemodialyzed patients, and to evaluate the relationship between this disease and patient characteristics, biochemical values, and hemodialysis duration. Design and patients: Standard radiographs, and lateral flexion and extension views of the cervical spine, were performed annually for 5 years in 31 hemodialyzed patients who were divided into three groups at the commencement of the study: those showing (I) DSA, (II) vertebral rim erosions (VRE) without DSA, and (III) absence of DSA and VRE. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and computed tomography (CT) were performed in seven and two patients respectively. The imaging features were evaluated for the presence and progression of spondyloarthropathy and correlated with clinical and biochemical variables. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way analysis of variance. The duration of hemodialysis appeared to be the main predictive factor (P=0.0003) for DSA, which was found in six patients (19%). DSA was found to correlate with higher levels of beta2-microglobulin (P<0.00001), parathyroid hormone (P<0.05), and alkaline phosphatase (P<0.05). Clinical symptoms were minimal. In two patients, MR imaging revealed changes mimicking spondylodiscitis. In another patient, CT of the craniocervical junction showed bone resorption due to a pseudotumor, and basilar invagination. DSA of the cervical spine is often clinically silent. Pathogenesis of DSA may be multifactorial but its progression is most influenced by the duration of hemodialysis. On MR imaging, DSA may mimic spondylodiscitis. (orig.)

  14. Admission lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 activity is not associated with long-term clinical outcomes after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pier Woudstra

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2 activity is a biomarker predicting cardiovascular diseases in a real-world. However, the prognostic value in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI on long-term clinical outcomes is unknown. METHODS: Lp-PLA2 activity was measured in samples obtained prior to pPCI from consecutive STEMI patients in a high-volume intervention center from 2005 until 2007. Five years all-cause mortality was estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method and compared among tertiles of Lp-PLA2 activity during complete follow-up and with a landmark at 30 days. In a subpopulation clinical endpoints were assessed at three years. The prognostic value of Lp-PLA2, in addition to the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction or multimarker risk score, was assessed in multivariable Cox regression. RESULTS: The cohort (n = 987 was divided into tertiles (low 179 nmol/min/mL. Among the tertiles differences in baseline characteristics associated with long-term mortality were observed. However, no significant differences in five years mortality in association with Lp-PLA2 activity levels were found; intermediate versus low Lp-PLA2 (HR 0.97; CI 95% 0.68-1.40; p = 0.88 or high versus low Lp-PLA2 (HR 0.75; CI 95% 0.51-1.11; p = 0.15. Both in a landmark analysis and after adjustments for the established risk scores and selection of cases with biomarkers obtained, non-significant differences among the tertiles were observed. In the subpopulation no significant differences in clinical endpoints were observed among the tertiles. CONCLUSION: Lp-PLA2 activity levels at admission prior to pPCI in STEMI patients are not associated with the incidence of short and/or long-term clinical endpoints. Lp-PLA2 as an independent and clinically useful biomarker in the risk stratification of STEMI patients still remains to be proven.

  15. Long-term donor-site morbidity after vascularized free fibula flap harvesting: Clinical and gait analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feuvrier, Damien; Sagawa, Yoshimasa; Béliard, Samuel; Pauchot, Julien; Decavel, Pierre

    2016-02-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the clinical morbidity and changes in gait temporal spatial parameters after harvesting of a vascularized free fibula flap. This study included 11 patients (mean age: 52 ± 17 years) and 11 healthy controls (mean age: 50 ± 14 years). The patients were assessed between 5 and 104 months post surgery. The study consisted of a subjective functional evaluation with two validated clinical scores (Kitaoka Score and Point Evaluation System (PES) score), clinical and neurological examination of the legs, and evaluation of gait temporal spatial parameters while walking at a comfortable speed. The mean functional Kitaoka score was 78/100, and the mean PES score of 12.18 was considered average. At the time of the review, five patients had sensory disorders, two had toe deformities, and eight had pain at the donor site. The gait analysis showed that the patient's comfortable walking speed was significantly lower in comparison to that of the controls, and that stride length and cadence were reduced. In addition, most of the gait-specific parameters were significantly different. The donor leg displayed greater variability during walking. To reduce the risk of falling, this study revealed that the patients' gait pattern had changed as they took a more cautious approach during walking. Early rehabilitation is expected to help improve and/or restore the physical abilities of patients after harvesting of the vascularized free fibula flap. Copyright © 2015 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Dopamine Cell Implantation in Parkinson’s Disease: Long-Term Clinical and 18F-FDOPA PET Outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, Yilong; Tang, Chengke; Chaly, Thomas; Greene, Paul; Breeze, Robert; Fahn, Stanley; Freed, Curt; Dhawan, Vijay; Eidelberg, David

    2009-01-01

    We have previously reported the results of a 1-y double-blind, placebo-controlled study of embryonic dopamine cell implantation for Parkinson’s disease. At the end of the blinded phase, we found a significant increase in putamen uptake on 18F-fluorodopa (18F-FDOPA) PET reflecting the viability of the grafts. Nonetheless, clinical improvement was significant only in younger (age ≤ 60 y) transplant recipients, as indicated by a reduction in Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor...

  17. Memory functioning in children with reading disabilities and/or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a clinical investigation of their working memory and long-term memory functioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kibby, Michelle Y; Cohen, Morris J

    2008-11-01

    We examined memory functioning in children with reading disabilities (RD), Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and RD/ADHD using a clinic sample with a clinical instrument: the Children's Memory Scale, enhancing its generalizability. Participants included 23 children with RD, 30 with ADHD, 30 with RD/ADHD, and 30 controls. Children with RD presented with reduced verbal short-term memory (STM) but intact visual STM, central executive (CE), and long-term memory (LTM) functioning. Their deficit in STM appeared specific to tasks requiring phonetic coding of material. Children with ADHD displayed intact CE and LTM functioning but reduced visual-spatial STM, especially when off stimulant medication. Children with RD/ADHD had deficits consistent with both disorders.

  18. Long-Term Effects of Goshajinkigan in Prevention of Diabetic Complications: A Randomized Open-Labeled Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Watanabe

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. This clinical trial was designed to investigate whether goshajinkigan reduces the onset of diabetic complications or not. Materials and Methods. A total of 332 type 2 diabetic mellitus patients were registered from 9 clinical centers from March 2000 to August 2007. Patients were randomly assigned to take goshajinkigan extract powder, 2.5 grams for 3 times a day or no kampo therapy, additionally to the regular treatment. The primary endpoints were the onset of macrovascular diseases or progression of nephropathy or retinopathy. Statistical analysis was performed by the intention-to-treat method. Results. After 5 years of observation, 116 patients were submitted to analysis. Among them, no macrovascular events were observed in both groups. Although 43 participants had upstaging of retinopathy or nephropathy in total, there was no significant difference between goshajinkigan group and control group. Deterioration of ankle reflex was suppressed in goshajinkigan group. Also glycated hemoglobin, and fasting plasma glucose were decreased in the goshajinkigan group. Conclusion. Although the power of analysis was too low to demonstrate any effects of goshajinkigan on the progression of macrovascular diseases, retinopathy or nephropathy, goshajinkigan may be beneficial for diabetic neuropathy and glycemic control.

  19. Clinical response to long term enzyme replacement treatment in children, adolescent and adult patients with Hunter syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalmau Serra, Jaime; Vitoria Miñana, Isidro; Calderón Fernández, Rafael; Cortell Aznar, Isidoro

    2015-11-06

    Since enzyme replacement treatment (ERT) with idursulfase is available for Hunter syndrome (HS; mucopolysaccharidosis type II), for the first time, disease progression can be limited and organ damage reduced or prevented. We described retrospectively the clinical evolution of eight HS males, treated with ERT and followed in routine clinical practice in Hospital Infantil La Fe (Valencia, Spain). We studied three children, three adolescents and two adults. Time from diagnosis to ERT ranged from 13.7 to 0.2 years, and duration of ERT ranged from 24 to 77.1 months. From the start of ERT, weight and height increased in children and adolescents and remained stable in adults. Glycosaminoglycans (GAG) decreased in all patients; in patient 5 (aged 23 years), we observed the highest reduction (86%) with recovery of carpal tunnel syndrome, splenomegaly and a decrease in nocturnal oxygen dependence. Our results show that ERT improve respiratory impairment and organomegalies and decrease GAGs levels in all patients including children, adolescent and adults. While cardiac manifestations and facial features stabilized, responses in other parameters were heterogeneous. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Long-term results of the use of silicone sheets after diskectomy in the temporomandibular joint: clinical, radiographic and histopathologic findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schliephake, H; Schmelzeisen, R; Maschek, H; Haese, M

    1999-10-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term results of a group of patients who had the disk of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) removed and permanently replaced by a silicone sheet. The study group comprised 48 patients, treated in the period from 1983 to 1993. In eight patients, the implants had to be removed after an average interval of 5.6 years and they were submitted for histopathological examination. Twenty-five of the 40 patients with silastic implants in place, and five of the 8 patients who had their implants removed, were available for long-term follow-up (mean interval of 7.0 years, SD 2.8 years). Clinical function was rated according to the Helkimo Dysfunction Index and compared to the preoperative findings. Results showed decreased tenderness of muscles and joints to palpation and increased mouth opening, but no statistically significant improvement in joint function. In 4 patients, a decrease in condylar width was found, while another 4 patients presented with thickening of the condyle by appositional bone formation. Histopathology of the failed implants showed scattered fragments of silastic material and dacron fibers with accumulation of histiocytes in immediate contact with the silicone particles and phagocytozed intracellular material. T-lymphocytes were also present in the vicinity of the silicone particles.

  1. [Comparison liver resection with transarterial chemoembolization for Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage B hepatocellular carcinoma patients on long-term survival after SPSS propensity score matching].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ke, Yang; Zhong, Jianhong; Guo, Zhe; Liang, Yongrong; Li, Lequn; Xiang, Bangde

    2014-03-18

    To compare the long-term survival of patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage B hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing either liver resection or transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) after propensity score matching (PSM). One hundred sixty-seven and 70 BCLC-B HCC patients undergoing liver resection and TACE were retrospectively collected. PSM function of SPSS software was conducted to reduce confounding bias between the groups. And then survival analysis was performed for the matched data. Fifty-three pairs of patients were successfully matched. And then survival analysis showed that the median survival periods and their 95% confidence intervals were 35.0 (26.3-43.7)months in the liver resection group versus 20.0(15.0-25.0) months in the TACE group. The 1, 3, 5 and 7-year survival rates were 91.0%, 49.0%, 30.0% and 17.0% in the liver resection group versus 73.0%, 25.0%, 8.0% and 5.0% respectively in the TACE group (P = 0.001). Cox regression analysis revealed that TACE, total bilirubin ≥ 34.2 µmol/L, alpha fetoprotein ≥ 400 ng/ml and tumor number ≥ 3 were independent risk factors of survival (hazard ratio >1, P < 0.05). The balance of covariates may be achieved through PSM. And for patients with BCLC-B HCC, liver resection provides better long-term overall survival than TACE.

  2. Long-term clinical evaluation of the automatic stance-phase lock-controlled prosthetic knee joint in young adults with unilateral above-knee amputation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrysek, Jan; Wright, F Virginia; Rotter, Karin; Garcia, Daniela; Valdebenito, Rebeca; Mitchell, Carlos Alvarez; Rozbaczylo, Claudio; Cubillos, Rafael

    2017-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to clinically evaluate the automatic stance-phase lock (ASPL) knee mechanism against participants' existing weight-activated braking (WAB) prosthetic knee joint. This prospective crossover study involved 10 young adults with an above-knee amputation. Primary measurements consisted of tests of walking speeds and capacity. Heart rate was measured during the six-minute walk test and the Physiological Cost Index (PCI) which was calculated from heart rate estimated energy expenditure. Activity was measured with a pedometer. User function and quality of life were assessed using the Lower Limb Function Questionnaire (LLFQ) and Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaire (PEQ). Long-term follow-up over 12 months were completed. Walking speeds were the same for WAB and APSL knees. Energy expenditure (PCI) was lower for the ASPL knees (p = 0.007). Step counts were the same for both knees, and questionnaires indicated ASPL knee preference attributed primarily to knee stability and improved walking, while limitations included terminal impact noise. Nine of 10 participants chose to keep using the ASPL knee as part of the long-term follow-up. Potential benefits of the ASPL knee were identified in this study by functional measures, questionnaires and user feedback, but not changes in activity or the PEQ.

  3. Description of a Heart Team approach to coronary revascularization and its beneficial long-term effect on clinical events after PCI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonzel, Tassilo; Schächinger, Volker; Dörge, Hilmar

    2016-05-01

    We present a first description of a Heart Team (HT)-guided approach to coronary revascularization and its long-term effect on clinical events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The HT approach is a structured process to decide for coronary bypass grafting (CABG), PCI or conservative therapy in ad hoc situations as well as in HT conferences. As a hypothesis, during the long-term course after a PCI performed according to HT rules, a low number of late revascularizations, especially CABGs, are expected (F-PCI study). In this monocentric study, the HT approach to an all-comer population was first analyzed and described in general with the help of a database. Next the use of a HT approach was described for a more homogeneous subgroup with newly detected CAD (1.CAD). Those patients in whom the HT decision was PCI (which was a 1.PCI) were then studied with the help of questionnaires for clinical events during a very long-term follow-up. Events were CABG, PCI, diagnostic catheterization (DCath) and death. A significant number of patients were presented to HT conferences: 22 % out of all 11,174 catheterizations, 24 % out of all 7867 CAD cases and 35 % out of 3408 1.CAD cases. Most of these patients had multi-vessel disease (MVD). Conference decisions were isolated CABG in 46-66 %, PCI in 10-14 %, valvular surgery in 9-16 %, HTx in 10-21 % (Endstage heart failure candidates for surgery) and conservative therapy (Medical or no therapy, additional diagnostic procedures or no adherence to recommended therapy) in 2-3 %. However, most PCIs, ad hoc and elective, were performed under Heart Team rules, but without conference. During follow-up of 1.PCI patients (Kaplan-Meier analysis), CABG occurred in only 15 % of patients, PCI in 37 % and DCath in 65 %; mortality of any course was 51 %. Mortalities were similar in one-vessel disease and in a population of the same year, matched for age and sex (p approach is an effective tool for ad hoc and conference

  4. Perioperative Outcomes and Long-term Survival in Clinically Early-stage Thymic 
Malignancies: Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Thymectomy versus Open Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao WANG

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and objective Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS theoretically offers advantages over open thymectomy for clinically early-stage (Masaoka-Koga stage I and II thymic malignancies. However, longterm outcomes have not been well studied. We compared the postoperative outcomes and survival from a cohort study based on the database of the Chinese Alliance for Research in Thymomas (ChART. Methods Between 1994 and 2012, data of 1,117 patients having surgery for clinically early-stage (Masaoka-Koga stage I and II tumors were enrolled for the study. Among them, 241 cases underwent VATS thymectomy (VATS group, while 876 cases underwent open thymectomy (Open group. Univariate analyses were used to compare the clinical character and perioperative outcomes between the two groups. And multivariate analysis was performed to determine the independent predictive factors for long-term survival. Results Compared with the Open group, the VATS group had higher percentage of total thymectomy (80.5% vs 73.9%, P=0.028, resection rate (98.8% vs 88.7%, P<0.001 and less recurrence (2.9% vs 16.0%, P<0.001. Five-year overall survival was 92% after VATS and 92% after open thymectomy, with no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.15. However, 5-year disease free survival were 92% in VATS group and 83% in Open group (P=0.011. Cox proportional hazards model revealed that WHO classification, Masaoka-Koga stage and adjuvant therapy were independent predictive factors for overall survival, while surgical approach had no significant impact on long-term outcome. Conclusion This study suggests that VATS thymectomy is an effective approach for clinically early-stage thymic malignancies. And it may offer better perioperative outcomes, as well as equal oncological survival.

  5. Long-term global and regional brain volume changes following severe traumatic brain injury: A longitudinal study with clinical correlates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sidaros, Annette; Skimminge, Arnold Jesper Møller; Liptrot, Matthew George

    2009-01-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in neurodegenerative changes that progress for months, perhaps even years post-injury. However, there is little information on the spatial distribution and the clinical significance of this late atrophy. In 24 patients who had sustained severe TBI we acquired 3D...... T1-weighted MRIs about 8 weeks and 12 months post-injury. For comparison, 14 healthy controls with similar distribution of age, gender and education were scanned with a similar time interval. For each subject, longitudinal atrophy was estimated using SIENA, and atrophy occurring before the first...... scan time point using SIENAX. Regional distribution of atrophy was evaluated using tensor-based morphometry (TBM). At the first scan time point, brain parenchymal volume was reduced by mean 8.4% in patients as compared to controls. During the scan interval, patients exhibited continued atrophy...

  6. Correlation Between Clinical-Pathologic Factors and Long-Term Follow-Up in Young Breast Cancer Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yue Zhao

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis of breast cancer in young patients (≤35 correlates with a worse prognosis compared to their older counterparts (>35. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relevance of clinical-pathologic factors and prognosis in young (≤35 breast cancer patients. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two patients of operable breast cancer who were younger than 35 are analyzed in this study. They were treated in our hospital between January 2006 and December 2012. Patients are classified into four molecular subtypes based on the immunohistochemical profiles of estrogen receptor (ER, progesterone receptor (PR, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2, and Ki-67. Clinical and pathologic factors have been combined to define a specific classification of three risk levels to evaluate the prognosis of these young women. RESULTS: Patients whose ages are less than 30 have poorer prognosis than patients whose ages are between 31 and 35. The status of lymph nodes post-surgery seems to be the only factor related to patient age in young patients. The patients in level of ER+ or PR+ and HER2−/+ status have the worst prognosis in hormone receptor–positive breast cancer. Group 3 in risk factor grouping has the poorer prognosis than the other two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Patient age and axillary lymph nodes post-surgery are the independent and significant predictors of distant disease-free survival, local recurrence-free survival, and overall survival. The absence of PR relates to poor prognosis. The risk factor grouping provides a useful index to evaluate the risk of young breast cancer to identify subgroups of patients with a better prognosis.

  7. Long-term effects of cognitive therapy on biological rhythms and depressive symptoms: A randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mondin, Thaíse Campos; Cardoso, Taiane de Azevedo; Jansen, Karen; Silva, Giovanna Del Grande da; Souza, Luciano Dias de Mattos; Silva, Ricardo Azevedo da

    2015-11-15

    To evaluate the effect of cognitive therapy on biological rhythm and depressive and anxious symptoms in a twelve-month follow-up period. In addition, correlations between the reduction of depression and anxiety symptoms and the regulation of biological rhythm were observed. This was a randomized clinical trial with young adults from 18 to 29 years of age who were diagnosed with depression. Two models of psychotherapy were used: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Narrative Cognitive Therapy (NCT). Biological rhythm was assessed with the Biological Rhythm Interview of Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (BRIAN). Severity of depressive and anxious symptoms was assessed by the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS), respectively. The sample included 97 patients who were divided within the protocols of psychotherapy. There was a significant reduction in depressive and anxious symptoms (pbiological rhythm (pbiological rhythm (r=0.638; pbiological rhythm (r=0.438; pbiological rhythm at a twelve-month follow-up evaluation. This study highlights the association between biological rhythm and symptoms of depression and anxiety. We did not assess genetic, hormonal or neurochemical factors and we did not include patients under pharmaceutical treatment or those with severe symptomatology. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Long-term efficacy of insulin glargine therapy with an educational programme in type 1 diabetes patients in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreiber, Stephan A; Russmann, Anika

    2007-12-01

    To investigate the effect of initiating insulin glargine (glargine: LANTUS), a once-daily basal insulin analogue, plus an educational programme, on glycaemic control and body weight in patients with type 1 diabetes in clinical practice. A retrospective analysis of the medical records of 65 patients (mean age: 40.7 +/- 13.3 years) with type 1 diabetes was performed. Patients had previously been treated with NPH insulin (NPH; n = 54) or NPH insulin + lente insulin (NPH + lente; n = 11) and then received glargine once daily (bedtime), plus short-acting prandial insulin, for 30 months. Before initiation of glargine, patients participated in a diabetes educational programme and then received physician consultations throughout the study. Metabolic control, body weight and severe hypoglycaemia data were analysed at 9 and 30 months. Following initiation of glargine, patients showed a decrease in HbA(1c) from 7.29 +/- 1.1% to 7.06 +/- 1.0%; p weight was observed in the overall group. No episodes of severe hypoglycaemia (blood glucose weight gain versus previous treatment with NPH insulin or insulin lente. Further studies in a larger cohort of patients would help to confirm these results.

  9. Long-term results of clubfoot treatment after more than 20 years, clinical, radiological and in gaitlab

    CERN Document Server

    Wachter, R K

    2001-01-01

    clinical, morphological findings correlated (p=0,041) as well as there was a connection to the static range of motion (p=0,001). Though, there was no significant correlation between the score and the dynamic range of motion, which represents the results of the gaitlab analysis. However the dynamic range of motion correlated to the R/L ratio significantly(p<0,0001). Finally the result of the enforced treatment of clubfoot was able to be assessed good as far as the subjective condition of patients is concerned, in spite of the poor morphological and radiological result after 20 years. Moreover it was proved by gaitlab analysis, that dynamic ankle mobility is influenced by talar flattening. In this retrospective study 19 patients with altogether 27 congenital clubfeet were evaluated. Five patients (26 %) were female and 14 patients (74 %) were male. Between the operation and the examination there was an average follow up time of 21,5 years. In 8 cases the method of Turco had been used and 19 feet had been tre...

  10. Mid- to Long-term Clinical Outcome and Gait Biomechanics After Realignment Surgery in Asymmetric Ankle Osteoarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nüesch, Corina; Huber, Cora; Paul, Jochen; Henninger, Heath B; Pagenstert, Geert; Valderrabano, Victor; Barg, Alexej

    2015-08-01

    Joint-preserving, realignment surgical procedures have gained increasing popularity as treatment of asymmetric early- and mid-stage ankle osteoarthritis. The aim of the present study was to quantify bilateral gait biomechanics in patients who underwent ankle realignment surgery by supramalleolar osteotomies. Eight patients, a minimum of 7 years after realignment surgery, and 8 healthy controls were included in this study. Three-dimensional instrumented gait analysis was used to assess spatiotemporal parameters, bilateral joint angles, and moments. Furthermore, a clinical evaluation on pain, ankle function, and quality of life was performed. Compared with the healthy controls, the patients walked more slowly, had a smaller sagittal hindfoot range of motion on their affected leg, and had a lower peak ankle dorsiflexion moment (P biomechanics of the affected foot after ankle realignment surgery, the quality of life for patients was comparable to that of healthy controls. Therefore, supramalleolar osteotomies should be considered as a promising treatment option in patients with asymmetric non-end-stage ankle osteoarthritis. Level III, comparative study. © The Author(s) 2015.

  11. Is myocardial stress perfusion MR-imaging suitable to predict the long term clinical outcome after revascularization?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klumpp, B., E-mail: bernhard.klumpp@med.uni-tuebingen.de [Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Department for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Seeger, A., E-mail: achim.seeger@med.uni-tuebingen.de [Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Department for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Bretschneider, C., E-mail: christiane.bretschneider@med.uni-tuebingen.de [Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Department for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Mangold, S., E-mail: stephanie.mangold@med.uni-tuebingen.de [Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Department for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Krumm, P., E-mail: patrick.krumm@med.uni-tuebingen.de [Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Department for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Miller, S., E-mail: Miller@radiologie-tue.de [Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Department for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Claussen, C.D., E-mail: claus.claussen@med.uni-tuebingen.de [Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Department for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Gawaz, M.P., E-mail: meinrad.gawaz@med.uni-tuebingen.de [Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Department for Cardiology, Ottfried-Mueller-Str. 10, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); May, A.E., E-mail: andreas.may@med.uni-tuebingen.de [Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Department for Cardiology, Ottfried-Mueller-Str. 10, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Kramer, U., E-mail: ulrich.kramer@med.uni-tuebingen.de [Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Department for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

    2013-10-01

    Introduction: Aim of our study was to evaluate, whether myocardial ischemia or myocardial infarction (MI) depicted by myocardial stress perfusion MR imaging (SP CMR) can predict the clinical outcome in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Materials and method: 220 patients were included. Myocardial perfusion was assessed at stress and at rest, using a 2D saturation recovery gradient echo sequence (SR GRE) and myocardial viability by late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance images (LGE CMR). MR-images were assessed in regard of presence and extent of MI and ischemia. Patients were monitored for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (monitoring period: 5–7 years). MACE were correlated with the initial results of SP CMR. Results: Ischemia was found in 143 patients, MI in 107 patients. Number of MACE was in patients with normal SP CMR 0 (51 patients), with ischemia 21 (62 patients), with MI 14 (26 patients), with ischemia and MI 52 (81 patients). In all patients with severe MACE (MI, death) and in 63 of those with recurring symptoms LGE CMR revealed MI at baseline. Conclusion: Negative SP CMR indicates low risk for MACE. In patients with stress induced ischemia, MACE might occur even after myocardial revascularization. The presence of MI proved by LGE CMR is associated with a significantly increased risk for MACE.

  12. Long-term outcomes of dental implants placed in elderly patients: a retrospective clinical and radiographic analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jung-Chul; Baek, Won-Sun; Choi, Seong-Ho; Cho, Kyoo-Sung; Jung, Ui-Won

    2017-02-01

    The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the clinical and the radiographic outcomes of dental implants placed in elderly people older than 65 years. In total, 902 implants in 346 patients (age: 65-89 years) were followed up for 2-17 years following the implant surgery. The survival rate of these implants was recorded and analyzed. Changes in marginal bone levels were also analyzed in serial radiographs, and Cox regression analysis for implant loss was performed. The survival rates were 95.39% and 99.98% in the implant- and patient-based analyses, respectively (involving a total of 29 implant failures), and the marginal bone loss at the implants was 0.17 ± 0.71 mm (mean ± SD). The number of failures was greatest in patients aged 65-69 years. The Cox regression with shared frailty analysis showed that implant loss was significantly greater in those aged 65-69 years than in those aged 70-74 years (P implant systems. Within the limitations of this retrospective study, it was concluded that implant therapy can be successfully provided to elderly patients and that age alone does not seem to affect the implant survival rate. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Long-term metabolic follow-up and clinical outcome of 35 patients with maple syrup urine disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abi-Wardé, Marie-Thérèse; Roda, Célina; Arnoux, Jean-Baptiste; Servais, Aude; Habarou, Florence; Brassier, Anais; Pontoizeau, Clément; Barbier, Valérie; Bayart, Manuella; Leboeuf, Virginie; Chadefaux-Vekemans, Bernadette; Dubois, Sandrine; Assoun, Murielle; Belloche, Claire; Alili, Jean-Meidi; Husson, Marie-Caroline; Lesage, Fabrice; Dupic, Laurent; Theuil, Benoit; Ottolenghi, Chris; de Lonlay, Pascale

    2017-11-01

    Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare disease that requires a protein-restricted diet for successful management. Little is known, however, about the psychosocial outcome of MSUD patients. This study investigates the relationship between metabolic and clinical parameters and psychosocial outcomes in a cohort of patients with neonatal-onset MSUD. Data on academic achievement, psychological care, family involvement, and biochemical parameters were collected from the medical records of neonatal MSUD patients treated at Necker Hospital (Paris) between 1964 and 2013. Thirty-five MSUD patients with a mean age of 16.3 (2.1-49.0) years participated. Metabolic decompensations (plasma leucine >380 μmol/L) were more frequent during the first year of life and after 15 years, mainly due to infection and dietary noncompliance, respectively. Leucine levels increased significantly in adulthood: 61.5% of adults were independent and achieved adequate social and professional integration; 56% needed occasional or sustained psychological or psychiatric care (8/19, with externalizing, mood, emotional, and anxiety disorders being the most common). Patients needing psychiatric care were significantly older [mean and standard deviation (SD) 22.6 (7.7) years] than patients needing only psychological follow-up [mean (SD) 14.3 (8.9) years]. Patients with psychological follow-up experienced the highest lifetime number of decompensations; 45% of families had difficulty coping with the chronic disease. Parental involvement was negatively associated with the number of lifetime decompensations. Adults had increased levels of plasma leucine, consistent with greater chronic toxicity. Psychological care was associated with age and number of decompensations. In addition, parental involvement appeared to be crucial in the management of MSUD patients.

  14. Incorporating patient preferences in the management of multiple long-term conditions: is this a role for clinical practice guidelines?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charlotte E. Young

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Clinical practice guidelines provide an evidence-based approach to managing single chronic conditions, but their applicability to multiple conditions has been actively debated. Incorporating patient-preference recommendations and involving consumers in guideline development may enhance their applicability, but further understanding is needed. Objectives: To assess guidelines that include recommendations for comorbid conditions to determine the extent to which they incorporate patient-preference recommendations; use consumer-engagement processes during development, and, if so, whether these processes produce more patient-preference recommendations; and meet standard quality criteria, particularly in relation to stakeholder involvement. Design: A review of Australian guidelines published from 2006 to 2014 that incorporated recommendations for managing comorbid conditions in primary care. Document analysis of guidelines examined the presence of patient-preference recommendations and the consumer-engagement processes used. The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation instrument was used to assess guideline quality. Results: Thirteen guidelines were reviewed. Twelve included at least one core patient-preference recommendation. Ten used consumer-engagement processes, including participation in development groups (seven guidelines and reviewing drafts (ten guidelines. More extensive consumer engagement was generally linked to greater incorporation of patient-preference recommendations. Overall quality of guidelines was mixed, particularly in relation to stakeholder involvement. Conclusions: Guidelines do incorporate some patient-preference recommendations, but more explicit acknowledgement is required. Consumer-engagement processes used during guideline development have the potential to assist in identifying patient preferences, but further research is needed. Clarification of the consumer role and investment in consumer training

  15. Clinical, demographic characteristics and results of the long term follow-up in adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.G. Lebid

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim – to analyze clinical and demographic indicators in adolescents and adults with congenital heart disease (CHD to provide strategy of cardiac care for these patients, to assess risk of cardiological and cardiac surgery interventions in patients with congenital heart malformations. Materials and methods. 2569 consecutive patients, aged 16–88 years, mean age 24.14 ± 0.20 years, were selected in electronic database from April 01, 2011 to December 31, 2015. The majority (92.57 % of the included patients (n = 2378 were younger than 40 years. Results. Among all CHD patients, a significant majority had septal defects (39 % and left heart lesions (24 %, followed by congenital lesions of thoracic arteries and veins (16 % and right heart lesions (10 %. The annual number of the examined patients with CHD progressively increased (from 210 in 2011 to 656 in 2015. The number of patients aged 18 years or older mostly increased. The number of patients older than 40 years increased from nine patients in 2011 to 75 adults in 2015. Patients after cardiac surgery and percutaneous transcatheter interventions dominated (n=1553, 60.45 %, compared to the patients without any interventions for CHD (n = 1016, 39.55 %. Only one intervention for CHD was performed in the majority of these patients (n = 1255, 80.81 %, 12.94 % needed two interventions, 3.99 % – three, 2.26 % – three or more interventions. Conclusions. Among patients with congenital heart disease, patients younger than 40 years old were prevalent (92.57 %, with no significant gender differences. Septal defects (ASD, VSD, left heart lesions (congenital aortic valve stenosis and insufficiency, congenital lesions of thoracic arteries and veins (patent ductus arteriosus and aorta coarctation were registered most often in adolescents and adults.

  16. Conveying practical clinical skills with the help of teaching associates-a randomised trial with focus on the long term learning retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoefer, Sebastian H; Sterz, Jasmina; Bender, Bernd; Stefanescu, Maria-Christina; Theis, Marius; Walcher, Felix; Sader, Robert; Ruesseler, Miriam

    2017-03-28

    Ensuring that all medical students achieve adequate clinical skills remains a challenge, yet the correct performance of clinical skills is critical for all fields of medicine. This study analyzes the influence of receiving feedback by teaching associates in the context of achieving and maintaining a level of expertise in complex head and skull examination. All third year students at a German university who completed the obligatory surgical skills lab training and surgical clerkship participated in this study. The students were randomized into two groups. lessons by an instructor and peer-based practical skills training. Intervention group: training by teaching associates who are examined as simulation patients and provided direct feedback on student performance. Their competency in short- and long-term competence (directly after intervention and at 4 months after the training) of head and skull examination was measured. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS Statistics version 19 (IBM, Armonk, USA). Parametric and non-parametric test methods were applied. As a measurement of correlation, Pearson correlations and correlations via Kendall's-Tau-b were calculated and Cohen's d effect size was calculated. A total of 181 students were included (90 intervention, 91 control). Out of those 181 students 81 agreed to be videotaped (32 in the control group and 49 in the TA group) and examined at time point 1. At both time points, the intervention group performed the examination significantly better (time point 1, p = teaching associates for teaching complex practical skills is effective for short- and long-term retention. We anticipate the method could be easily translated to nearly every patient-based clinical skill, particularly with regards to a competence-based education of future doctors.

  17. Subtrochanteric fractures after long-term treatment with bisphosphonates: a European Society on Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis, and International Osteoporosis Foundation Working Group Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzoli, R; Akesson, K; Bouxsein, M; Kanis, J A; Napoli, N; Papapoulos, S; Reginster, J-Y; Cooper, C

    2011-02-01

    This paper reviews the evidence for an association between atypical subtrochanteric fractures and long-term bisphosphonate use. Clinical case reports/reviews and case-control studies report this association, but retrospective phase III trial analyses show no increased risk. Bisphosphonate use may be associated with atypical subtrochanteric fractures, but the case is yet unproven. A Working Group of the European Society on Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis and the International Osteoporosis Foundation has reviewed the evidence for a causal association between subtrochanteric fractures and long-term treatment with bisphosphonates, with the aim of identifying areas for further research and providing recommendations for physicians. A PubMed search of literature from 1994 to May 2010 was performed using key search terms, and articles pertinent to subtrochanteric fractures following bisphosphonate use were analysed. Several clinical case reports and case reviews report a possible association between atypical fractures at the subtrochanteric region of the femur in bisphosphonate-treated patients. Common features of these 'atypical' fractures include prodromal pain, occurrence with minimal/no trauma, a thickened diaphyseal cortex and transverse fracture pattern. Some small case-control studies report the same association, but a large register-based study and retrospective analyses of phase III trials of bisphosphonates do not show an increased risk of subtrochanteric fractures with bisphosphonate use. The number of atypical subtrochanteric fractures in association with bisphosphonates is an estimated one per 1,000 per year. It is recommended that physicians remain vigilant in assessing their patients treated with bisphosphonates for the treatment or prevention of osteoporosis and advise patients of the potential risks. Bisphosphonate use may be associated with atypical subtrochanteric fractures, but the case is unproven and requires further

  18. Clinical outcome of HIV-infected patients with sustained virologic response to antiretroviral therapy: long-term follow-up of a multicenter cohort.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Gutierrez

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Limited information exists on long-term prognosis of patients with sustained virologic response to antiretroviral therapy. We aimed to assess predictors of unfavorable clinical outcome in patients who maintain viral suppression with HAART. METHODS: Using data collected from ten clinic-based cohorts in Spain, we selected all antiretroviral-naive adults who initiated HAART and maintained plasma HIV-1 RNA levels <500 copies/mL throughout follow-up. Factors associated with disease progression were determined by Cox proportional-hazards models. RESULTS: Of 2,613 patients who started HAART, 757 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. 61% of them initiated a protease inhibitor-based HAART regimen, 29.7% a nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor-based regimen, and 7.8% a triple-nucleoside regimen. During 2,556 person-years of follow-up, 22 (2.9% patients died (mortality rate 0.86 per 100 person-years, and 40 (5.3% died or developed a new AIDS-defining event. The most common causes of death were neoplasias and liver failure. Mortality was independently associated with a CD4-T cell response <50 cells/L after 12 months of HAART (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR], 4.26 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 1.68-10.83]; P = .002, and age at initiation of HAART (AHR, 1.06 per year; 95% CI, 1.02-1.09; P = .001. Initial antiretroviral regimen chosen was not associated with different risk of clinical progression. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with sustained virologic response on HAART have a low mortality rate over time. Long-term outcome of these patients is driven by immunologic response at the end of the first year of therapy and age at the time of HAART initiation, but not by the initial antiretroviral regimen selected.

  19. Effect of early institutionalization and foster care on long-term white matter development: a randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bick, Johanna; Zhu, Tong; Stamoulis, Catherine; Fox, Nathan A; Zeanah, Charles; Nelson, Charles A

    2015-03-01

    Severe neglect in early life is associated with compromises in brain development and associated behavioral functioning. Although early intervention has been shown to support more normative trajectories of brain development, specific improvements in the white matter pathways that underlie emotional and cognitive development are unknown. To examine associations among neglect in early life, early intervention, and the microstructural integrity of white matter pathways in middle childhood. The Bucharest Early Intervention Project is a randomized clinical trial of high-quality foster care as an intervention for institutionally reared children in Bucharest, Romania, from 2000 through the present. During infancy, children were randomly selected to remain in an institution or to be placed in foster care. Those who remained in institutions experienced neglect, including social, emotional, linguistic, and cognitive impoverishment. Developmental trajectories of these children were compared with a group of sociodemographically matched children reared in biological families at baseline and several points throughout development. At approximately 8 years of age, 69 of the original 136 children underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging scans. Four estimates of white matter integrity (fractional anisotropy [FA] and mean [MD], radial [RD], and axial [AD] diffusivity) for 48 white matter tracts throughout the brain were obtained through diffusion tensor imaging. Significant associations emerged between neglect in early life and microstructural integrity of the body of the corpus callosum (FA, β = 0.01 [P = .01]; RD, β = -0.02 [P = .005]; MD, β = -0.01 [P = .02]) and tracts involved in limbic circuitry (fornix crus [AD, β = 0.02 (P = .046)] and cingulum [RD, β = -0.01 (P = .02); MD, β = -0.01 (P = .049)]), frontostriatal circuitry (anterior [AD, β = -0.01 (P = .02)] and superior [AD, β = -0.02 (P = .02); MD, β = -0.01 (P = .03)] corona

  20. Long-term safety of subcutaneous abatacept in rheumatoid arthritis: integrated analysis of clinical trial data representing more than four years of treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alten, Rieke; Kaine, Jeffrey; Keystone, Edward; Nash, Peter; Delaet, Ingrid; Genovese, Mark C

    2014-08-01

    To investigate the safety of long-term subcutaneous (SC) abatacept treatment using integrated clinical trial data obtained in patients with rheumatoid arthritis refractory to traditional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Data from the double-blind and open-label phases of 5 clinical trials of SC abatacept were pooled. The overall and 6-month incidence rates were calculated as events per 100 patient-years of exposure. This analysis included 1,879 patients with 4,214.6 patient-years of exposure to SC abatacept. The mean ± SD length of exposure was 27.3 ± 9.1 months. The reported incidence rate of serious infections was 1.79 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.42-2.24); the most frequent infections were pneumonia (incidence rate 0.36 [95% CI 0.22-0.59]), urinary tract infection (incidence rate 0.14 [95% CI 0.06-0.32]), and gastroenteritis (incidence rate 0.10 [95% CI 0.04-0.25]). Tuberculosis occurred rarely (incidence rate 0.09 [95% CI 0.04-0.25]). The reported incidence rate of malignancies was 1.32 (95% CI 1.01-1.72), and the most common was solid organ malignancy (incidence rate 0.69 [95% CI 0.48-0.99]). The incidence rate of autoimmune events was 1.37 (95% CI 1.06-1.78), and the most frequent events were psoriasis (incidence rate 0.33 [95% CI 0.20-0.56]) and Sjögren's syndrome (incidence rate 0.24 [95% CI 0.13-0.44]). The reported incidence rate of local injection site reactions was 1.72 (95% CI 1.36-2.17); these events occurred primarily during the first 6 months of treatment, and almost all were of mild or moderate intensity. The incidence rates of serious infections, malignancies, autoimmune events, and injection site reactions did not increase over time. Long-term treatment with SC abatacept was associated with low incidence rates of serious infections, malignancies, and autoimmune events and was well tolerated, with infrequent injection site reactions. These findings are consistent with those related to treatment with intravenous abatacept. Long-term

  1. [Excision arthroplasty of the hip joint in dogs and cats. Long-term results of the veterinary surgery clinic at the Justus Liebig University of Giessen].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tacke, S; Schimke, E; Kramer, M; Gerwing, M; Tellhelm, B

    1997-07-01

    Since the introduction of excision arthoplasty in veterinary medicine the question of indication is often asked. The maximum of the patient's body weight up to which surgery should be performed is another discussed problem. A long-term study from January 1985 to July 1995 at the Veterinary Surgery Department at the Justus-Liebig-University was carried out to answer these questions (222 patients, 155 dogs and 67 cats). Trauma and Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease came first in the list of indications. In case of postoperative problems trouble with lameness after high activity, long rest or at the time of change in weather could be seen. No owner of an animal thought that the life quality of his animal was restricted by this occasional problems. At a body weight over 30 kg the occasional problems were more often seen but every patient had less clinical problems after surgery than before. In this group no deterioration was seen.

  2. Long-term follow-up of hepatic ultrasound findings in subjects with magnetic resonance imaging defined hepatic steatosis following clinical islet transplantation: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Stephanie; Mager, Diana R; Bhargava, Ravi; Ackerman, Thomas; Imes, Sharleen; Hubert, Grace; Koh, Angela; Shapiro, A M James; Senior, Peter A

    2013-01-01

    Hepatic steatosis is one complication patients may experience following clinical islet transplantation (CIT), yet the cause and consequences of this are poorly understood. The purpose of this case-control study was to examine the relationship between hepatic steatosis, metabolic parameters and graft function in an Albertan cohort of CIT recipients. Hepatic steatosis was detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in n = 10 cases age-matched with n=10 MRI-negative controls. Progression/regression of steatosis was determined by ultrasound (US) in cases. Hepatic steatosis first appeared 2.8 ± 2.2 (mean ± SD) years post-CIT, and lasted approximately 4.6 ± 2.0 years. In five cases steatosis resolved, with recurrence in two cases during the follow-up period (8.5 ± 3.2 years). No evidence of CIT causing deleterious effects on long-term liver function or graft outcome was observed.

  3. Long-term follow-up of hepatic ultrasound findings in subjects with magnetic resonance imaging defined hepatic steatosis following clinical islet transplantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Stephanie; Mager, Diana R.; Bhargava, Ravi; Ackerman, Thomas; Imes, Sharleen; Hubert, Grace; Koh, Angela; Shapiro, A.M. James; Senior, Peter A.

    2013-01-01

    Hepatic steatosis is one complication patients may experience following clinical islet transplantation (CIT), yet the cause and consequences of this are poorly understood. The purpose of this case-control study was to examine the relationship between hepatic steatosis, metabolic parameters and graft function in an Albertan cohort of CIT recipients. Hepatic steatosis was detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in n = 10 cases age-matched with n=10 MRI-negative controls. Progression/regression of steatosis was determined by ultrasound (US) in cases. Hepatic steatosis first appeared 2.8 ± 2.2 (mean ± SD) years post-CIT, and lasted approximately 4.6 ± 2.0 years. In five cases steatosis resolved, with recurrence in two cases during the follow-up period (8.5 ± 3.2 years). No evidence of CIT causing deleterious effects on long-term liver function or graft outcome was observed. PMID:23514958

  4. [Clinical-chemical studies in schizophrenic out-patients under neuroleptic long-term treatment with particular consideration of the hepatic metabolism (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonçalves, N; Grüneberg, F

    1977-01-01

    A series of clinical-chemical tests was conducted in 68 schizophrenic out-patients under long-term neuroleptic medication, with particular consideration of the hepatic metabolism, i.e.: Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, alpha 1-glycoprotein, ceruloplasmin, fibrinogen, GPT, GOT, gamma-GT, total protein and serum-protein-electrophoresis. Furthermore, the glucose tolerance tests was carried out. In 44% of the patients an increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate and positive correlations with increased fibrinogen values were found. Increased gamma-GT-values were proven in 33% of the patients; they correlated positively with the increased GPT-and/or GOT-values as well as with pathological glucose tolerance values. Overweight of more than 10 kilos was found in 46% of the patients. A significant correlation between overweight and pathological glucose tolerance values existed. The results were interpreted as consequence of a light fatty liver.

  5. Impact of clinical factors on the long-term functional and anatomic outcomes of osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis and tibial bone keratoprosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De La Paz, María Fideliz; De Toledo, Juan Álvarez; Charoenrook, Victor; Sel, Saadettin; Temprano, José; Barraquer, Rafael I; Michael, Ralph

    2011-05-01

    To report the long-term functional and anatomic outcomes of osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis and tibial bone keratoprosthesis; to analyze the influence of clinical factors, such as surgical technique, primary diagnosis, age, and postoperative complications, on the final outcome. Retrospective cohort study. setting: Centro de Oftalmología Barraquer, between 1974 and 2005. Two hundred twenty-seven patients. intervention: Biological keratoprosthesis using osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis or tibial bone keratoprosthesis. main outcome measures: Functional survival with success defined as best-corrected visual acuity ≥0.05; anatomic survival with success defined as retention of the keratoprosthesis lamina. Osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis and tibial bone keratoprosthesis have comparable anatomic survival at 5 and 10 years of follow-up, but osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis has a significantly better functional success than tibial bone keratoprosthesis at the same time periods. Among the primary diagnoses, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, chemical burn, and trachoma have generally good functional and anatomic outcomes and the least favorable prognosis is for ocular cicatricial pemphigoid. Younger patients fared better than those in older age groups. The most frequent complications were extrusion (28%), retinal detachment (16%), and uncontrolled glaucoma (11%). The glaucoma group had the best anatomic success but the worst functional results, only exceeded by the retinal detachment group in terms of functional outcome. Clinical factors, such as surgical technique, primary diagnosis, age, and postoperative complications, can affect the long-term anatomic and functional successes of biological keratoprosthesis. Knowledge about the impact of each of these factors on survival can help surgeons determine the best approach in every particular case. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Comparison of the prevalence, clinical features, and long-term outcomes of midventricular hypertrophy vs apical phenotype in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Chi; Duan, Fu-jian; Yang, Yin-jian; Guo, Xi-ying; Liu, Yan-ling; Liu, Yu-qing; Yan, Li-rong; Xu, Zhi-min; Zhao, Shi-hua; Hua, Wei; Li, Yi-shi; Fan, Chao-mei

    2014-04-01

    Previous studies on the association between the distribution of left ventricle hypertrophy and the clinical features of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have yielded unclear results. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in the prevalence, clinical features, management strategies, and long-term outcomes between patients with midventricular hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (MVHOCM) and patients with apical HCM (ApHCM). A retrospective study of 60 patients with MVHOCM and 263 patients with ApHCM identified in a consecutive single-centre cohort consisting of 2068 patients with HCM was performed. The prevalence, clinical features, and natural history of the patients in these 2 groups were compared. Compared with ApHCM patients, patients with MVHOCM tended to be much younger and more symptomatic during their initial evaluation. Over a mean follow-up of 7 years, the probability of cardiovascular mortality and that of morbidity was significantly greater in MVHOCM patients compared with ApHCM patients (log-rank, P < 0.001). Our results suggest that, compared with ApHCM, MVHOCM represents an uncommon presentation of the clinical spectrum of HCM that is characterized by progressive clinical deterioration leading to increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Our results also underscore the importance of the timely recognition of MVHOCM for the prediction of prognosis and the early consideration of appropriate management strategies. Copyright © 2014 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. LONG TERM COLLECTIONS

    CERN Multimedia

    STAFF ASSOCIATION

    2010-01-01

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The Long-Term Collections (CLT) committee would like to warmly thank its faithful donors who, year after year, support our actions all over the world. Without you, all this would not be possible. We would like to thank, in particular, the CERN Firemen’s Association who donated 5000 CHF in the spring thanks to the sale of their traditional calendar, and the generosity of the CERN community. A huge thank you to the firemen for their devotion to our cause. And thank you to all those who have opened their door, their heart, and their purses! Similarly, we warmly thank the CERN Yoga Club once again for its wonderful donation of 2000 CHF we recently received. We would also like to tell you that all our projects are running well. Just to remind you, we are currently supporting the activities of the «Réflexe-Partage» Association in Mali; the training centre of «Education et Développement» in Abomey, Benin; and the orphanage and ...

  8. The clinical utility of the functional status score for the intensive care unit (FSS-ICU) at a long-term acute care hospital: a prospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thrush, Aaron; Rozek, Melanie; Dekerlegand, Jennifer L

    2012-12-01

    Long-term acute care hospitals (LTACHs) have emerged for patients requiring medical care beyond a short stay. Minimal data have been reported on functional outcomes in this setting. The purposes of this study were: (1) to measure the clinical utility of the Functional Status Score for the Intensive Care Unit (FSS-ICU) in an LTACH setting and (2) to explore the association between FSS-ICU score and discharge setting. Data were obtained from 101 patients (median age=70 years, interquartile range [IQR]=61-78; 39% female, 61% male) who were admitted to an LTACH. Participants were categorized into 1 of 5 groups by discharge setting: (1) home (n=14), (2) inpatient rehabilitation facility (n=26), (3) skilled nursing facility (n=23), (4) long-term care/hospice/expired (n=13), or (5) transferred to a short-stay hospital (n=25). Data were prospectively collected from a 38-bed LTACH in the United States over 8 months beginning in September 2010. Functional status was scored using the FSS-ICU within 4 days of admission and every 2 weeks until discharge. The FSS-ICU consists of 5 categories: rolling, supine-to-sit transfers, unsupported sitting, sit-to-stand transfers, and ambulation. Each category was rated from 0 to 7, with a maximum cumulative FSS-ICU score of 35. Cumulative FSS-ICU scores significantly improved from a median (IQR) of 9 (3-17) to 14 (5-24) at discharge. Median (IQR) cumulative discharge FSS-ICU scores were significantly different among the discharge categories: home=28 (22-32), inpatient rehabilitation facility=21 (15-24), skilled nursing facility=14 (8-21), long-term care/hospice/expired=5 (0-11), and transfer to a short-stay hospital=4 (0-7). Patients receiving therapy at an LTACH demonstrate significant improvements from admission to discharge using the FSS-ICU. This outcome tool discriminates among discharge settings and successfully documents functional improvements of patients in an LTACH setting.

  9. Explaining clinical behaviors using multiple theoretical models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eccles Martin P

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the field of implementation research, there is an increased interest in use of theory when designing implementation research studies involving behavior change. In 2003, we initiated a series of five studies to establish a scientific rationale for interventions to translate research findings into clinical practice by exploring the performance of a number of different, commonly used, overlapping behavioral theories and models. We reflect on the strengths and weaknesses of the methods, the performance of the theories, and consider where these methods sit alongside the range of methods for studying healthcare professional behavior change. Methods These were five studies of the theory-based cognitions and clinical behaviors (taking dental radiographs, performing dental restorations, placing fissure sealants, managing upper respiratory tract infections without prescribing antibiotics, managing low back pain without ordering lumbar spine x-rays of random samples of primary care dentists and physicians. Measures were derived for the explanatory theoretical constructs in the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB, Social Cognitive Theory (SCT, and Illness Representations specified by the Common Sense Self Regulation Model (CSSRM. We constructed self-report measures of two constructs from Learning Theory (LT, a measure of Implementation Intentions (II, and the Precaution Adoption Process. We collected data on theory-based cognitions (explanatory measures and two interim outcome measures (stated behavioral intention and simulated behavior by postal questionnaire survey during the 12-month period to which objective measures of behavior (collected from routine administrative sources were related. Planned analyses explored the predictive value of theories in explaining variance in intention, behavioral simulation and behavior. Results Response rates across the five surveys ranged from 21% to 48%; we achieved the target sample size for three of

  10. TIMI Risk Index Predicts Long-term Mortality and Heart Failure in Patients with ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction in the TIMI-II Clinical Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truong, Quynh A.; Cannon, Christopher P.; Zakai, Neil A.; Rogers, Ian S.; Giugliano, Robert P.; Wiviott, Stephen D.; McCabe, Carolyn H.; Morrow, David A.; Braunwald, Eugene

    2009-01-01

    Background TIMI Risk Index (TRI) is a simple bedside score that predicts 30-day mortality in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) patients. We sought to evaluate whether TRI was predictive of long-term mortality and clinical events. Methods In the TIMI II trial, 3153 patients (mean age 57 ±10 years, 82% men) were randomized to invasive (n=1583) versus conservative (n=1570) strategy post-fibrinolysis with median follow-up of 3 years. TRI was divided into the 5 previously-specified groups. Primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Secondary analyses included recurrent MI, congestive heart failure (CHF), and combined endpoints. Results When compared to Group 1, mortality in Group 5 was more than 5-fold higher (HR 5.83, p<0.0001), and was also increased in Group 4 (HR 2.80, p<0.0001) and Group 3 (HR 1.96, p=0.002) (c statistic 0.69). No difference was seen between Groups 1 and 2 (p=0.74). A similar increasing gradient effect was seen across TRI strata with Group 5 having the highest risk for CHF (HR 4.13, p<0.0001), and composite death/CHF (HR 4.35, p<0.0001) over Group 1. There was no difference in recurrent MI between the groups (p=0.22). After controlling for other risk indicators, the relationship between TRI and mortality remained significant: Group 5 (HR 4.11, p<0.0001), Group 4 (HR 2.14, p=0.0009), Group 3 (HR 1.69, p=0.02). When stratified by TRI groups, no differences in mortality or composite death/MI were found between treatment strategies. Conclusion The simple TRI can predict increased long-term mortality, CHF, and composite death/CHF. PMID:19332194

  11. Laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding vs laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty in morbidly obese patients: long-term results of a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scozzari, Gitana; Farinella, Eleonora; Bonnet, Gisella; Toppino, Mauro; Morino, Mario

    2009-08-01

    Aim of the study is to present long-term results of a prospective randomized single-institution clinical trial comparing laparoscopic adjustable silicone gastric banding (LASGB) with laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty (LVBG) in morbid obesity. A total of 100 morbidly obese patients (body mass index 40 to 50 kg/m2) were randomized to LASGB (n=49) or LVBG (n=51) and followed up for a minimum of 7 years. Mean operative time was 65.4 min in LASGBs and 94.2 min in LVBGs (p<0.05); mean hospital stay was 3.7 and 6.6 days, respectively (p<0.05). Late complication rates were 36.7% in LASGBs vs 15.7% in LVBGs at 3 years (p<0.05), 46.9% vs 43.1% at 5 years (NS), and 55.1% vs 47.1% at 7 years (NS). Late reoperation rates were 28.6% in LASGBs and 2.0% in LVBGs at 3 years (p<0.001), 38.8% and 2.0% at 5 years (p<0.001), and 46.9% and 7.8% at 7 years (p<0.001). Excess weight loss in LASGBs was 41.8% at 3 years, 33.2% at 5 years, and 29.9% at 7 years; excess weight loss in LVBGs was 60.9%, 57%, and 53.1%, respectively (p<0.05). This study demonstrates that in a carefully selected group of patients, LVBG is significantly more effective than LASGB in terms of late complications, late reoperations, and long-term results on weight loss.

  12. Serum concentrations of clarithromycin and rifampicin in pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex disease: long-term changes due to drug interactions and their association with clinical outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimomura, Hitoshi; Andachi, Sena; Aono, Takahiro; Kigure, Akira; Yamamoto, Yosuke; Miyajima, Atsushi; Hirota, Takashi; Imanaka, Keiko; Majima, Toru; Masuyama, Hidenori; Tatsumi, Koichiro; Aoyama, Takao

    2015-01-01

    Concomitant use of clarithromycin (CAM) and rifampicin (RFP) for the treatment of pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) disease affects the systemic concentrations of both drugs due to CYP3A4-related interactions. To date, however, there has been no report that investigates the long-term relationship between the drug concentrations, CYP3A4 activity, and clinical outcomes. Our aim was to investigate the time course of the drug levels in long-term treatment of subjects with pulmonary MAC disease, and examine the correlation of these concentrations with CYP3A4 activity and clinical outcomes. Urine and blood samples from nine outpatients with pulmonary MAC disease were collected on days 1, 15, and 29 (for four subjects, sample collections were continued on days 57, 85, 113, 141, 169, 225, 281, 337, and 365). Serum drug concentrations and urinary levels of endogenous cortisol (F) and 6 beta-hydroxycortisol (6βOHF), the metabolite of F by CYP3A4, were measured, and evaluated 6βOHF/F ratio as a CYP3A4 activity marker. In addition, the clinical outcomes of 4 subjects were evaluated based on examination of sputum cultures and chest images. The mean 6βOHF/F ratio increased from 2.63 ± 0.85 (n = 9) on the first day to 6.96 ± 1.35 on day 15 and maintained a level more than double initial value thereafter. The serum CAM concentration decreased dramatically from an initial 2.28 ± 0.61 μg/mL to 0.73 ± 0.23 μg/mL on day 15. In contrast, the serum concentration of 14-hydroxy-CAM (M-5), the major metabolite of CAM, increased 2.4-fold by day 15. Thereafter, both CAM and M-5 concentrations remained constant until day 365. The explanation for the low levels of serum CAM in pulmonary MAC disease patients is that RFP-mediated CYP3A4 induction reached a maximum by day 15 and remained high thereafter. Sputum cultures of three of four subjects converted to negative, but relapse occurred in all three cases. Our study demonstrated that serum CAM

  13. Long-term Effect of Losartan on Kidney Disease in American Indians With Type 2 Diabetes: A Follow-up Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanamas, Stephanie K; Saulnier, Pierre-Jean; Fufaa, Gudeta D; Wheelock, Kevin M; Weil, E Jennifer; Hanson, Robert L; Knowler, William C; Bennett, Peter H; Nelson, Robert G

    2016-11-01

    To determine whether early administration of losartan slows progression of diabetic kidney disease over an extended period. We conducted a 6-year clinical trial in 169 American Indians with type 2 diabetes and urine albumin/creatinine ratio losartan and 85 to placebo. Primary outcome was a decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR; iothalamate) to ≤60 mL/min or to half the baseline value in persons who entered with GFR losartan vs. placebo) of 0.50 (95% CI 0.12-1.99). Participants were then followed posttrial for up to 12 years, with treatment managed outside the study. The effect of losartan on the primary GFR outcome was then reanalyzed for the entire study period, including the clinical trial and posttrial follow-up. After completion of the clinical trial, treatment with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors was equivalent in both groups. During a median of 13.5 years following randomization, 29 participants originally assigned to losartan and 35 to placebo reached the primary GFR outcome with an HR of 0.72 (95% CI 0.44-1.18). Long-term risk of GFR decline was not significantly different between persons randomized to early treatment with losartan and those randomized to placebo. Accordingly, we found no evidence of an extended benefit of early losartan treatment on slowing GFR decline in persons with type 2 diabetes. © 2016 by the American Diabetes Association.

  14. Clinical study of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate in primary molars. Comparison between Grey and White MTA--a long term follow-up (84 months).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardoso-Silva, Cristina; Barbería, Elena; Maroto, Myriam; García-Godoy, Franklin

    2011-02-01

    The aim of the present study was to conduct a clinical and radiographic long-term evaluation of pulpotomy in temporary molars performed with Grey and White Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and compare the results of Grey and White MTA pulpotomies in a sample of 233 primary molars with a maximum follow-up period of 84 months. The sample was selected from patients treated at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain. This prospective study included first and second primary molars treated with pulpotomy with Grey or White MTA, controlled for a maximum follow-up period of 84 months. Statistical analysis of clinical and radiographic findings was completed using ANOVA (PMTA presented abscess and pathological mobility. Radiographic examination of the 210 molars revealed unfavourable pulp response in only 6 molars (internal or furcation root resorption), without statistically significant differences between Grey and White MTA. Two radiological findings were noticed: dentine bridge formation and partial or total root canal stenosis. Grey MTA induced a higher percentage of dentine bridges with statistically significant differences (PMTA presented high levels of clinical and radiographic success. Although the present study showed evidence of a very good biologic response with both types of MTA, Grey MTA showed significantly higher number of dentine bridge formation than White MTA. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Comparison of long-term clinical outcomes among different vascularized lymph node transfers: 6-year experience of a single center's approach to the treatment of lymphedema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciudad, Pedro; Agko, Mouchammed; Perez Coca, John Jaime; Manrique, Oscar J; Chang, Wei-Ling; Nicoli, Fabio; Chen, Shih-Heng; Chen, Hung-Chi

    2017-11-01

    This study evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes among different vascularized lymph node transfers (VLNT) used at our institution. Between July 2010 and July 2016, all patients with International Society of Lymphology (ISL) stages II-III who underwent VLNT were evaluated. Demographic and clinical data (limb circumference, infectious episodes, lymphoscintigraphic studies) were recorded pre-operatively. Clinical outcomes, complications, and additional excisional procedures were analyzed post-operatively. At least 2-year follow-up was required for inclusion. Overall, 83 patients (Stage II:47, Stage III:36) met the inclusion criterion. Mean follow-up was 32.8 months (range, 24-49). Lymph node flaps used were groin (n = 13), supraclavicular (n = 25), gastroepiploic (n = 42), ileocecal (n = 2), and appendicular (n = 1). Total mean circumference reduction rate was 29.1% (Stage II) and 17.9% (Stage III) (P < 0.05). A paired t-test showed that VLNT significantly decreased the number of infections (P < 0.05). Three patients reported no improvement of the symptoms. Major complications included one flap loss and one donor site hematoma. After the period of follow-up, 18 patients (21.7%) underwent additional excisional procedures. VLNT is a promising technique used for the treatment of lymphedema and appears to be more effective in moderate stages (Stage II). Patients with advanced stage lymphedema (Stage III) may benefit from additional excisional procedures. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. Long-term benefit of sunitinib in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma in Latin America: retrospective analysis of patient clinical characteristics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smaletz O

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Oren Smaletz,1 Matias Chacón,2 Ludmila de Oliveira Koch,1 Daniela R de Carvalho Rocha,1 Fernanda C Cardoso1 1Department of Oncology, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil; 2Medical Oncology Department, Alexander Fleming Institute, Buenos Aires, Argentina Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics of Latin American patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC who experienced a progression-free survival (PFS for at least 15 months following treatment with sunitinib. Patients and methods: In this retrospective analysis, mRCC patients in two institutions in Latin America received sunitinib at a starting dose of either 50 mg/day for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks off treatment (Schedule 4/2 in repeated 6-week cycles or sunitinib 37.5 mg on a continuous daily dosing schedule. Clinical characteristics, tolerability, and PFS data were collected. Results: Twenty-nine patients with long-term clinical benefit from sunitinib were identified between September 2005 and August 2009. Median PFS was 23 months (range: 15–54 months. Two of the 29 patients with prolonged PFS achieved a complete response and additional eleven had a partial response. Most patients were aged <60 years, had good performance status, favorable or intermediate Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center prognostic risk, and disease limited to one or two sites. Dose reduction was necessary in all patients who started sunitinib at 50 mg/day administered on Schedule 4/2. Adverse events leading to dose reduction included grade 3 hand–foot syndrome, mucositis, fatigue, and hypertension. At the time of data cutoff, four patients were still receiving sunitinib treatment. Conclusion: Extended PFS can be achieved in Latin American patients with mRCC treated with sunitinib. Although the small sample size and retrospective nature of this evaluation preclude the identification of pretreatment predictive factors contributing to this benefit, the current analysis warrants

  17. Long-term outcomes after vestibuloplasty with a porcine collagen matrix (Mucograft(®) ) versus the free gingival graft: a comparative prospective clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Christian M; Moest, Tobias; Lutz, Rainer; Wehrhan, Falk; Neukam, Friedrich W; Schlegel, Karl Andreas

    2016-11-01

    Porcine collagen matrices are proclaimed being a sufficient alternative to autologous free gingival grafts (FGG) in terms of augmenting the keratinized mucosa. The collagen matrix Mucograft(®) (CM) already showed a comparable clinical performance in the early healing phase, similar histological appearance, and even a more natural appearance of augmented regions. Predictability for long-term stability does not yet exist due to missing studies reporting of a follow-up >6 months. The study included 48 patients with atrophic edentulous or partially edentulous lower jaw situations that had undergone an implant treatment. In the context of implant exposure, a vestibuloplasty was either performed with two FGGs from the palate (n = 21 patients) or with the CM (n = 27 patients). Surgery time was recorded from the first incision to the last suture. Follow-up examinations were performed at the following time points: 10, 30, 90, and 180 days and 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years after surgery. The width of keratinized mucosa was measured at the buccal aspect of each implant, and augmented sites were evaluated in terms of their clinical appearances (texture and color). The groups showed similar healing with increased peri-implant keratinized mucosa after surgery (FGG: 13.06 mm ± 2.26 mm and CM: 12.96 mm ± 2.86 mm). The maximum follow-up was 5 years (5 patients per group). After 180 days, the width of keratinized mucosa had decreased to 67.08 ± 13.85% in the FGG group and 58.88 ± 14.62% in the CM group with no statistically significant difference. The total loss of the width of keratinized mucosa after 5 years was significant between the FGG (40.65%) and the CM group (52.89%). The CM group had significantly shorter operation times than the FGG group. Augmented soft tissues had a comparable clinical appearance to adjacent native gingiva in the CM group. FGGs could still be defined after 5 years. The FGG and the CM are both suitable for the regeneration of the

  18. The Long Term Role of Anxiety Sensitivity and Experiential Avoidance on Pain Intensity, Mood, and Disability among Individuals in a Specialist Pain Clinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mehta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Anxiety sensitivity (AS and experiential avoidance (EA have been shown to have an interactive effect on the response an individual has to chronic pain (CP potentially resulting in long term negative outcomes. Objective. The current study attempted to (1 identify distinct CP subgroups based on their level of EA and AS and (2 compare the subgroups in terms of mood and disability. Methods. Individuals with CP were recruited from an academic pain clinic. Individuals were assessed for demographic, psychosocial, and personality measures at baseline and 1-year follow-up. A cluster analysis was conducted to identify distinct subgroups of patients based on their level of EA and AS. Differences in clinical outcomes were compared using the Repeated Measures MANOVA. Results. From a total of 229 participants, five clusters were formed. Subgroups with lower levels of AS but similar high levels of EA did not differ in outcomes. Mood impairment was significantly greater among those with high levels of EA compared to lower levels (p<0.05. Significant improvement in disability (p<0.05 was only seen among those with lower levels of EA and AS. Conclusions. This cluster analysis demonstrated that EA had a greater influence on mood impairment, while both EA and AS levels affected disability outcomes among individuals with CP.

  19. Radiologic Predictors for Clinical Stage IA Lung Adenocarcinoma with Ground Glass Components: A Multi-Center Study of Long-Term Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhao; Ye, Bo; Bao, Minwei; Xu, Binbin; Chen, Qinyi; Liu, Sida; Han, Yudong; Peng, Mingzhen; Lin, Zhifeng; Li, Jingpei; Zhu, Wenzhuo; Lin, Qiang; Xiong, Liwen

    2015-01-01

    This study was to define preoperative predictors from radiologic findings for the pathologic risk groups based on long-term surgical outcomes, in the aim to help guide individualized patient management. We retrospectively reviewed 321 consecutive patients with clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma with ground glass component on computed tomography (CT) scanning. Pathologic diagnosis for resection specimens was based on the 2011 IASLC/ATS/ERS classification of lung adenocarcinoma. Patients were classified into different pathologic risk grading groups based on their lymph node status, local regional recurrence and overall survival. Radiologic characteristics of the pulmonary nodules were re-evaluated by reconstructed three-dimension CT (3D-CT). Univariate and multivariate analysis identifies independent radiologic predictors from tumor diameter, total volume (TV), average CT value (AVG), and solid-to-tumor (S/T) ratio. Receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) studies were carried out to determine the cutoff value(s) for the predictor(s). Univariate cox regression model was used to determine the clinical significance of the above findings. A total of 321 patients with clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma with ground glass components were included in our study. Patients were classified into two pathologic low- and high- risk groups based on their distinguished surgical outcomes. A total of 134 patients fell into the low-risk group. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified AVG (HR: 32.210, 95% CI: 3.020-79.689, Plung adenocarcinoma. Statistical significance of 5-year OS and RFS was noted among clinical low-, moderate- and high-risk groups (log-rank, p = 0.024 and 0.010). The AVG and the S/T ratio by reconstructed 3D-CT are important preoperative radiologic predictors for pathologic risk grading. The two cutoff values of AVG and S/T ratio are recommended in decision-making for patients with clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma with ground glass components.

  20. A long-term study on the clinical effects of mechanical widening of cheek teeth diastemata for treatment of periodontitis in 202 horses (2008-2011).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, P M; Ceen, S; Barnett, T; O'Leary, J M; Parkin, T D; Barakzai, S

    2014-01-01

    Cheek teeth diastemata are a common cause of painful periodontal disease in horses, but there is limited objective information on their treatment. To assess the long-term response to diastema widening in clinically affected horses. Retrospective study. Medical records from cases of cheek teeth diastemata treated by diastema widening referred to the University of Edinburgh Equine Hospital from 2008 to 2011 were analysed. During this period, 302 horses were diagnosed with clinically significant cheek teeth diastemata, of which 202, median age 11 years, with severe associated periodontitis were treated by widening of 674 problematic diastemata; 89.8% between mandibular cheek teeth and 10.2% between maxillary cheek teeth, with a mean of 1.5 treatments performed per case. These 202 cases showed quidding in 76.2%; weight loss in 33.2%; bitting problems in 20.1% and halitosis in 10.9%, with 5.4% being asymptomatic. Follow-up of 92% of treated cases, a mean of 20.8 months after their initial treatment, showed that 72.6% had complete remission of clinical signs that was permanent (for the duration of this study) in 50.5% and temporary in 22%. A partial response was obtained in 17.2%, no response was obtained in 4.3%, and owners were unsure of response in 5.9%. Clinical improvement was sometimes delayed, with 19% taking >4 weeks following treatment for improvement. Inappropriate sites were burred in individual teeth of 6 horses, causing iatrogenic pulpar exposure in 2 cases, but following treatment none developed clinical signs of apical infection. Diastema widening is an effective but potentially invasive treatment for horses with cheek teeth diastemata with severe periodontitis. Diastema widening by trained personnel is suitable for advanced cases of cheek teeth diastema, but many cases require repeated treatments. © 2013 EVJ Ltd.

  1. Drug-eluting stents in the elderly: long-term (> one year) clinical outcomes of octogenarians in the DESIRE (Drug-Eluting Stents In the REal world) registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, J Ribamar; Sousa, Amanda; Moreira, Adriana Costa; Costa, Ricardo A; Maldonado, Galo; Cano, Manuel N; Egito, Enilton T; Romano, Edson R; Barbosa, Marcos; Pavanello, Ricardo; Jardim, César; Cury, Abrão; Berwanger, Otávio; Sousa, J Eduardo

    2008-08-01

    Despite the increasing number of elderly people, this high-complexity subset of patients is often excluded from randomized trials of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and, therefore, limited data are available about their outcomes after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. We sought to compare the very long-term (> 1 year) clinical follow up of octogenarians treated with DES compared to younger individuals. The DESIRE registry is a prospective, nonrandomized, single-center registry with consecutive patients treated solely with DES between May 2002 and May 2007. The only exclusion criteria were the treatment of patients in the setting of acute myocardial infarction (MI) ( 1 year) follow up. Patients were clinically evaluated at 1, 3 and 6 months and then annually up to 5 years. Stent thrombosis was classified according to the ARC definition. A total of 1,364 patients matched the inclusion/exclusion criteria and were sorted into 3 groups according to their ages: Group I = patients < 70 years of age (n = 914); Group II = patients greater than or equal to 70 and < 80 years of age (n = 334); and Group III = patients greater than or equal to 80 years old (n = 116). As expected, octogenarians had significantly more comorbid and complex anatomic lesion presentation. Nevertheless, in-hospital success was comparable among the 3 groups. Long-term (2.6 +/- 1.2 years) follow up was obtained from 97% of the total population and showed equivalent cumulative MACE in all age ranges (7.6% for < 70 years old vs. 5.4% for septuagenarians and 6.0% for octogenarians, p = 0.7). However, octogenarians had markedly more cardiac death, reflecting the severity of their comorbidity and the natural evolution of coronary disease. Of note, very few cases of stent thrombosis were noticed in the overall population (20 patients, 1.5%), with no difference among the groups. PCI with DES represents an efficient and safe approach to treat coronary artery disease in the elderly, with low rates

  2. Proof-of-concept, randomized, controlled clinical trial of Bacillus-Calmette-Guerin for treatment of long-term type 1 diabetes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise L Faustman

    Full Text Available No targeted immunotherapies reverse type 1 diabetes in humans. However, in a rodent model of type 1 diabetes, Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG reverses disease by restoring insulin secretion. Specifically, it stimulates innate immunity by inducing the host to produce tumor necrosis factor (TNF, which, in turn, kills disease-causing autoimmune cells and restores pancreatic beta-cell function through regeneration.Translating these findings to humans, we administered BCG, a generic vaccine, in a proof-of-principle, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of adults with long-term type 1 diabetes (mean: 15.3 years at one clinical center in North America. Six subjects were randomly assigned to BCG or placebo and compared to self, healthy paired controls (n = 6 or reference subjects with (n = 57 or without (n = 16 type 1 diabetes, depending upon the outcome measure. We monitored weekly blood samples for 20 weeks for insulin-autoreactive T cells, regulatory T cells (Tregs, glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD and other autoantibodies, and C-peptide, a marker of insulin secretion. BCG-treated patients and one placebo-treated patient who, after enrollment, unexpectedly developed acute Epstein-Barr virus infection, a known TNF inducer, exclusively showed increases in dead insulin-autoreactive T cells and induction of Tregs. C-peptide levels (pmol/L significantly rose transiently in two BCG-treated subjects (means: 3.49 pmol/L [95% CI 2.95-3.8], 2.57 [95% CI 1.65-3.49] and the EBV-infected subject (3.16 [95% CI 2.54-3.69] vs.1.65 [95% CI 1.55-3.2] in reference diabetic subjects. BCG-treated subjects each had more than 50% of their C-peptide values above the 95(th percentile of the reference subjects. The EBV-infected subject had 18% of C-peptide values above this level.We conclude that BCG treatment or EBV infection transiently modified the autoimmunity that underlies type 1 diabetes by stimulating the host innate immune response. This suggests that BCG or other

  3. Long-term clinical benefit and cost-effectiveness of an 8-week multimodal knee osteoarthritis management program incorporating intra-articular sodium hyaluronate (Hyalgan® injections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miller LE

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Larry E Miller,1 Michael J Sloniewsky,2 Thomas E Gibbons,3 Janice G Johnston,4 Kent D Vosler,4 Saad Nasir5 1Miller Scientific Consulting, Inc., Asheville, NC, 2RMG Holding, Inc., Florence, 3Doctors Care, PA, Columbia, SC, 4Arrowhead Health Centers, Glendale, AZ, 5Fidia Pharma USA Inc., Parsippany, NJ, USA Background: Given the poor long-term effectiveness of focused nonsurgical knee osteoarthritis (OA treatments, alternative therapies are needed for patients who have unsuccessfully exhausted nonsurgical options.Methods: A telephone interview was conducted in patients who participated in a single 8-week multimodal knee OA treatment program (mean follow-up: 3.7 years, range: 2.7–4.9 years. The program consisted of five intra-articular knee injections of sodium hyaluronate (Hyalgan®, with each injection given 1 week apart, structured physical therapy, knee bracing, and patient education. Clinical outcomes included knee pain severity, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC subscores, current medication use, and history of total knee arthroplasty. Base-case, subgroup, and sensitivity analyses were conducted to determine the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER of the treatment program with comparisons made to historical literature controls undergoing usual care. Results: A total of 218 patients (54% provided long-term follow-up data. Knee pain severity decreased 60% and WOMAC subscores decreased 33%–42% compared to baseline (all p<0.001. Total knee arthroplasty was performed in 22.8% (81/356 of knees during follow-up. The treatment program was highly cost-effective compared to usual care with a base-case ICER of $6,000 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY. Results of subgroup analyses, one-way deterministic sensitivity analyses, and second-order probabilistic sensitivity analyses resulted in ICERs ranging from $3,996 to $10,493 per QALY. The percentage of simulations with an ICER below willingness

  4. Comparison of Long-term Clinical Outcomes according to the Change in the Rectocele Depth between Transanal and Transvaginal Repairs for a Symptomatic Rectocele.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Choon Sik; Yu, Sang Hwa; Lee, Jeong Eun; Lee, Dong Keun

    2012-06-01

    This study was aimed to compare the results of a transanal repair with those of a transvaginal levatorplasty and to determine the long-term clinical outcomes according to the change in the depth of the rectocele after the procedure. Of 50 women who underwent a rectocele repair from March 2005 to February 2007, 26 women (group A) received a transanal repair, and 24 (group B) received a transvaginal repair with or without levatorplasty. At 12 months after the procedures, 45 (group A/B, 22/23 women) among the 50 women completed physiologic studies, including anal manometry and defecography, and clinical-outcome measurements. The variations of the clinical outcomes with changes in the depth of the rectocele were also evaluated in 42 women (group A/B, 20/22) at the median follow-up of 50 months. On the defecographic findings, the postoperative depth of the rectocele decreased significantly in both groups (group A vs. B, 1.91 ± 0.20 vs. 2.25 ± 0.46, P = 0.040). At 12 months after surgery, 17 women in each group (group A/B, 77/75%) reported improvement of their symptoms. However, only 11 and 13 women (group A/B, 55/59%) of groups A and B, respectively, maintained their improvement at the median follow-up of 50 months. Better results were reported in patients with a greater change in the depth of their rectocele (≥4 cm) after the procedure (P = 0.001) In both procedures, clinical outcomes might become progressively worse as the length of the follow-up is increased.

  5. Randomized, controlled trial of long-term moderate exercise training in chronic heart failure: effects on functional capacity, quality of life, and clinical outcome

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Belardinelli, R; Georgiou, D; Cianci, G; Purcaro, A

    1999-01-01

    ...). To determine whether long-term moderate ET improves functional capacity and quality of life in patients with CHF and whether these effects translate into a favorable outcome, 110 patients with stable...

  6. Severity of alprazolam dependence and associated features among long-term alprazolam users from psychiatric outpatient clinics in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzu-Ting Chen

    2015-11-01

    Conclusion: Doctors should closely monitor the severity of alprazolam dependence among long-term users, especially patients' levels of depression, beliefs in the necessity of alprazolam treatment, and their concerns over the adverse consequences of continued treatment with alprazolam.

  7. Comparative efficacy of two primary care interventions to assist withdrawal from long term benzodiazepine use: A protocol for a clustered, randomized clinical trial

    OpenAIRE

    Roca Miguel; Esteva Magdalena; Piñol Josep; Folch Silvia; Lera Guillem; Aragonès Enric; Beltran Jose; Mengual Marta; Palop Vicente; Basora Josep; Sempere Ermengol; Bejarano Ferran; Leiva Alfonso; Mateu Catalina; Socias Isabel

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Although benzodiazepines are effective, long-term use is not recommended because of potential adverse effects; the risks of tolerance and dependence; and an increased risk of hip fractures, motor vehicle accidents, and memory impairment. The estimated prevalence of long-term benzodiazepine use in the general population is about 2,2 to 2,6%, is higher in women and increases steadily with age. Interventions performed by General Practitioners may help patients to discontinue ...

  8. Early and long-term clinical and radiological follow-up results of expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent-grafts for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt procedures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maleux, Geert; Heye, Sam; Thijs, Maria; Wilms, Guy [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Radiology, Leuven (Belgium); Nevens, Frederik; Verslype, Chris [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Hepatology, Leuven (Belgium); Wilmer, Alexander [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Medical Intensive Care Unit, Leuven (Belgium)

    2004-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the therapeutic efficacy and immediate and long-term safety of expanded-tetrafluoroethylene covered stent-grafts for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts in patients with portal hypertension-related complications. A cohort of 56 patients suffering from severe portal hypertension-related complications underwent implantation of an expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent-graft. All patients suffered from severe liver cirrhosis graded Child-Pugh A (n=8; 16%), B (n=13; 21%) or C (n=35; 63%). In 44 patients, the stent-graft was placed during the initial TIPS procedure (de novo TIPS); in the other 12 patients, the stent-graft was placed to repermeabilize the previously placed bare stent (TIPS revision). Follow-up was performed with clinical assessment, duplex ultrasound and, if abnormal or inconclusive, with invasive venography and pressure measurements. Per- en immediate post-procedural complications occurred in four patients (4/56, 7%). None of them was lethal. During follow-up, stent occlusion appeared in one patient and stenosis in two; no recurrence of bleeding was noted in all patients treated for variceal bleeding (n=28), and 24 of the 28 patients (86%) suffering from refractory ascites and/or hepatic hydrothorax were free of regular paracenteses and/or drainage of pleural effusion after shunt creation. The 30-day and global mortality for the total study population (n=56) was, respectively, 7% (n=4) and 28.5% (n=16). In the patient subgroup with variceal bleeding (n=28), 30-day mortality was 3.5% (n=1) and global mortality 14.2% (n=4). In the ascites and/or hydrothorax subgroup (n=28), 8.1% (n=3) mortality at 30 days was found and global mortality was 32.4% (n=12). In 10 patients of the 56 studied patients (18%), isolated hepatic encephalopathy occurred, which was lethal in 4 (Child C) patients (7%). Three of these four patients died within the 1st month after TIPS placement. A very high primary patency rate

  9. Immediate results and long-term clinical outcome of patients with unprotected distal left main restenosis: the CORPAL registry (Córdoba and Las Palmas).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojeda, Soledad; Pan, Manuel; Martín, Pedro; Mazuelos, Francisco; Suárez de Lezo, Javier; Romero, Miguel; Segura, José; Pavlovic, Djordje; Medina, Alfonso; Suárez de Lezo, Jose

    2014-02-01

    The goal of this study was to assess the immediate and long-term outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for in-stent restenosis (ISR) in an unprotected distal left main coronary artery (UDLM). PCI for UDLM-ISR can be complex. Limited information is available on procedural and clinical outcomes. Between May 2002 and February 2011, UDLM-ISR after drug-eluting stent implantation was observed in 79 of 1,102 patients (7%). Seventy-five were treated by repeat PCI using a simple approach (balloon/in-stent implantation) or a complex strategy (additional stent/double-stenting technique). A diagnosis of mild or severe restenosis was considered depending on the number of bifurcation segments affected (1 vs. >1). Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were defined as cardiac death, target lesion revascularization, and myocardial infarction. ISR treatment was performed using a simple approach in 44 (58%) patients, and using a complex strategy in 31 (42%). After 46 ± 26 months, the MACE rate was 22%. Patients treated with a simple approach had a lower incidence of MACE at follow-up compared with patients treated with a complex strategy, regardless of the restenosis extent (mild restenosis: 93% vs. 67%, p < 0.05; severe: 70% vs. 23%, p < 0.05). On Cox regression analysis, diabetes was the only predictor of MACE (hazard ratio [HR]: 4.94; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03 to 23.70; p < 0.05), whereas a simple strategy for ISR treatment was associated with lower risk (HR: 0.25; 95% CI: 0.08 to 0.79; p = 0.02). PCI for UDLM-ISR is safe and feasible, with a high rate of procedural success and an acceptable long-term MACE rate. A simple strategy, when applicable, appears to be a good treatment option, associated with a lower event rate at follow-up. Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. The long-term effect of a zinc acetate and chlorhexidine diacetate containing mouth rinse on intra-oral halitosis-A randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erovic Ademovski, Seida; Mårtensson, Carina; Persson, Gösta Rutger; Renvert, Stefan

    2017-10-01

    To evaluate the long-term effects of a zinc acetate and chlorhexidine diacetate mouth rinse (Zn/CHX) on intra-oral halitosis. Forty-six adults with intra-oral halitosis were randomized into a 6-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study. The presence of intra-oral halitosis was evaluated at baseline, 3 and 6 months after treatment by assessment of organoleptic score (OLS) and by total volatile sulphur compounds (T-VSC), hydrogen sulphide (H2 S) and methyl mercaptan (MM) concentrations in exhaled air. A Zn/CHX mouth rinse provided significantly better control of intra-oral halitosis than a placebo mouth rinse. At 3 and 6 months, individuals rinsing with the Zn/CHX rinse presented with reductions of the OLS, T-VSC (p oral halitosis (i.e. H2 S oral halitosis, assessed both objectively and subjectively. With regular rinsing, the effect was sustained for 6 months. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Heart transplantation in pediatric population and in adults with congenital heart disease: long-term follow-up, critical clinical analysis, and perspective for the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azeka, E; Jatene, M; Galas, F R B; Tanamati, C; Penha, J; Benvenuti, L; Miura, N; Junior, J O C

    2014-01-01

    Heart transplantation is a treatment option for children as well as for adults with congenital heart disease. To report the experience of a tertiary center with heart transplant program in pediatric population and in adults with congenital heart disease. The study consisted of the evaluation of pediatric as well as adult patients undergoing heart transplantation for congenital heart disease. We evaluated the following indication and complications such as renal dialysis, graft vascular disease, tumors and survival. From October 1992 to November 2013, 134 patients had transplantation, and there were 139 transplantations and 5 retransplantations. The immunosuppression regimen is based on calcineurin inhibitors and cytostatic drugs. The type of heart disease indicated for transplantation was cardiomyopathies in 70% and congenital heart disease in 30%. Of these 134 patients, 85 patients were alive. Actuarial survival is 77.4%, 69.6%, 59.3% at 1, 5, and 10 years after transplantation. Three patients underwent renal transplantation, 1 patient is in renal dialysis, and 8.2% of patients had post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease. Two patients had retransplantation for graft vascular disease; 1 of them required a simultaneous kidney transplant and died 30 days after the procedure and 1 patient is clinically well 2 years after retransplantation. Heart transplantation in children and in adults with congenital heart disease is a promising therapeutic option and enables long-term survival for these patients. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Long-term Survival and Clinical Benefit from Adoptive T-cell Transfer in Stage IV Melanoma Patients Is Determined by a Four-Parameter Tumor Immune Signature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melief, Sara M; Visconti, Valeria V; Visser, Marten; van Diepen, Merel; Kapiteijn, Ellen H W; van den Berg, Joost H; Haanen, John B A G; Smit, Vincent T H B M; Oosting, Jan; van der Burg, Sjoerd H; Verdegaal, Els M E

    2017-02-01

    The presence of tumor-infiltrating immune cells is associated with longer survival and a better response to immunotherapy in early-stage melanoma, but a comprehensive study of the in situ immune microenvironment in stage IV melanoma has not been performed. We investigated the combined influence of a series of immune factors on survival and response to adoptive cell transfer (ACT) in stage IV melanoma patients. Metastases of 73 stage IV melanoma patients, 17 of which were treated with ACT, were studied with respect to the number and functional phenotype of lymphocytes and myeloid cells as well as for expression of galectins-1, -3, and -9. Single factors associated with better survival were identified using Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariate Cox regression analyses, and those factors were used for interaction analyses. The results were validated using The Cancer Genome Atlas database. We identified four parameters that were associated with a better survival: CD8(+) T cells, galectin-9(+) dendritic cells (DC)/DC-like macrophages, a high M1/M2 macrophage ratio, and the expression of galectin-3 by tumor cells. The presence of at least three of these parameters formed an independent positive prognostic factor for long-term survival. Patients displaying this four-parameter signature were found exclusively among patients responding to ACT and were the ones with sustained clinical benefit. Cancer Immunol Res; 5(2); 170-9. ©2017 AACR. ©2017 American Association for Cancer Research.

  13. Long-term clinical outcomes of patients with coronary chronic total occlusion treated with percutaneous coronary intervention versus medical therapy according to presence of diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Ki Hong; Yang, Jeong Hoon; Song, Young Bin; Hahn, Joo-Yong; Choi, Jin-Ho; Gwon, Hyeon-Cheol; Lee, Sang Hoon; Choi, Seung-Hyuk

    2017-10-20

    The aim of this study was to compare the long-term clinical outcomes of patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus medical therapy (MT) according to the presence of diabetes mellitus. A total of 845 patients without diabetes and 702 patients with diabetes were included from the Samsung Medical Center CTO registry. The inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) method was used to adjust for confounding factors. The primary outcome was cardiac death. Median follow-up duration was 46 (interquartile range: 23-71) months. Among the non-diabetes group, patients in the MT group had a higher rate of cardiac death (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.54, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.19-5.42, p=0.02) compared to those in the PCI group. For patients with diabetes, there was no significant difference between the two groups in the rate of cardiac death (adjusted HR 1.09, 95% CI: 0.62-1.90, p=0.77). There was a significant interaction between diabetes and cardiac death (interaction p=0.03). After using IPTW methods, a similar result was observed (interaction p<0.001). For the treatment of CTO, PCI may reduce the risk of cardiac mortality in non-diabetic patients but not in diabetic patients.

  14. Long-term impact of pre-operative physical rehabilitation protocol on the 6-min walk test of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.L. dos Santos Alves

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Monitored physical activities in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS have been shown to improve physical performance, endurance and cardiopulmonary function and may be assessed by the 6-min walk test (6MWT. We aimed to evaluate the long-term results of the 6MWT after a rehabilitation protocol employed before surgical correction for AIS. Methods: This prospective randomized clinical trial studied the impact of a 4-month pre-operative physical rehabilitation protocol on post-operative cardiopulmonary function and physical endurance, by using the 6MWT, in patients with AIS submitted to surgical correction, comparing them to matched controls without physical rehabilitation. Studied variables were heart and respiratory rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, peripheral blood oxygen saturation, Borg score, and distance walked. Patients were assessed at baseline, after 4 months of rehabilitation, and 3, 6 and 12 months post-operatively. Results: A total of 50 patients with AIS were included in the study and allocated blindly, by simple randomization, into either one of the two groups, with 25 patients each: study group (pre-operative physical rehabilitation and control group. The physical rehabilitation protocol promoted significant progressive improvement in heart and respiratory rate, peripheral blood oxygen saturation, distance walked, and level of effort assessed by the Borg scale after surgery. Conclusions: Post-surgical recovery, evaluated by 6MWT, was significantly better in patients who underwent a 4-month pre-operative physical rehabilitation protocol. Keywords: Scoliosis, Exercise, Exercise movement techniques, Exercise therapy, Exercise test

  15. Long-term clinical and biologic effects of the lipidosterolic extract of Serenoa repens in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pytel, Y A; Vinarov, A; Lopatkin, N; Sivkov, A; Gorilovsky, L; Raynaud, J P

    2002-01-01

    Permixon, the lipidosterolic extract of Serenoa repens, is widely used for the treatment of symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This open study assessed the efficacy and tolerability of Permixon 160 mg twice daily administered for 2 years. One hundred fifty-five men with clinically diagnosed BPH and complaints of prostatic symptoms were enrolled in the study. At 6, 12, 18, and 24 months, the International Prostate Symptom Score (I-PSS), quality of life, and sexual function score were recorded, and urodynamics and biologic values were measured. Adverse events were recorded every 3 months. I-PSS and quality of life improved significantly from baseline at each evaluation time point. At the end of the study and at each evaluation, maximum urinary flow also improved significantly. Prostate size decreased. Sexual function remained stable during the first year of treatment and significantly improved (P = .001) during the second year. Prostate-specific antigen was not affected, and no changes in plasma hormone levels were observed. Nine patients reported 10 adverse events, none related to treatment. Improvements in efficacy parameters began at 6 months and were maintained up to 24 months. These data demonstrate the long-term efficacy and tolerability of Permixon and support its use as a first-line medical therapy for uncomplicated symptomatic BPH.

  16. [Clinical features and prognosis of terminally ill patients in a geriatric long-term care hospital with particular regard to the implications of artificial nutrition].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyagishi, Ryuji; Higashi, Takuya; Akaishi, Yasuhiro; Arai, Masayoshi; Minemawari, Yoshimori

    2007-03-01

    To clarify the clinical features of terminally ill patients in our hospital and elucidate the implications of administering artificial nutrition. Between April 2004 and March 2005, we assessed 155 patients who died in Nishimaruyama Hospital--a geriatric long-term care facility in Sapporo. We analyzed their clinical backgrounds on admission, the clinical course up to the terminal stage of the illness, and the outcome of patients who received artificial nutrition. In 95 patients, the main cause of the terminal illness was infection. The symptoms of these patients, such as cerebral infarction and cognitive dysfunction, deteriorated progressively, and eventually, eating became difficult. At this point, alternative methods for providing nutrition were discussed. For 60 patients (41 died of acute disease and 19, of advanced cancers), artificial nutrition was not considered. Artificial nutrition was administered to 63 patients; tube feeding was carried out in 30 patients. Because of repeated aspiration pneumonia, 14 of these 30 patients eventually underwent intravenous hyperalimentation (IVH). Thirty-three patients directly underwent IVH. Thirty-two patients did not undergo any feeding course. The mean survival times of the tube feeding and non-artificial nutrition groups were 827 and 60 days, respectively. The difference in the survival times was statistically significant. The outcome of patients who were placed on tube feeding was good. This may be because we selected those patients considered most suitable for tube feeding or IVH. The criteria that were used to select an appropriate method for providing nutrition varied, although the patients in our hospital requested palliative care.

  17. Prevalence and Natural History of Microscopic Colitis: A Population-Based Study With Long-term Clinical Follow-up in Terrassa, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Bañares, Fernando; Zabana, Yamile; Aceituno, Montserrat; Ruiz, Laura; Salas, Antonio; Esteve, Maria

    2016-07-01

    Few studies have assessed the prevalence of microscopic colitis (MC) and the natural history of this disease is not well known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence rate of MC, the burden of disease in terms of loss of health and the long-term natural history of MC in a population-based cohort study. Cases were obtained from the pathology department registry Hospital Universitari Mutua Terrassa. Belonging to the catchment area, maintaining residence in that area, and being alive on August 31, 2014 were confirmed for each case. Adjusted prevalence rates were calculated. Current active drugs for MC and diarrhoea persistence in every patient were recorded. The prevalence rate of MC was 107 per 10(5) inhabitants. The rate of patients with active disease, i.e. those representing the true burden of the disease in terms of loss of health, was 31 per 10(5) inhabitants. After a follow-up of 7.8±0.38 years from diagnosis, 75% of the patients experienced prolonged disease remission, defined as clinical remission without requiring drugs for 1 year or more. The only variable associated with prolonged MC remission was how clinical remission was achieved (spontaneous 93.3%, drug-induced, 60.5%; odds ratio 8.4, 95% confidence interval 2.7-26). The rate of patients with MC and active disease, which represents the true disease burden in terms of loss of health, is low. Most patients with MC experience prolonged disease remission, with key differences between spontaneous and drug-induced clinical remission. Copyright © 2016 European Crohn’s and Colitis Organisation (ECCO). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  18. Serum uric acid is a GFR-independent long-term predictor of acute and chronic renal insufficiency: the Jerusalem Lipid Research Clinic cohort study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kark, Jeremy D.

    2011-01-01

    Background. Kidney disease is commonly accompanied by hyperuricemia. However, the contribution of serum uric acid (SUA) to kidney injury is debated. Our objective was to assess the long-term prediction of renal failure by SUA. Methods. Visit 2 participants in the Jerusalem Lipid Research Clinic cohort with normal baseline kidney function were followed for 24–28 years. SUA levels were assessed for associations with acute renal failure (ARF) and chronic renal failure (CRF) as defined by hospital discharge records, and mortality, ascertained through linkage with the national population registry. Results. Among 2449 eligible participants (1470 men, 979 women aged 35–78 years in 1976–79), SUA was positively linked with male sex, serum creatinine and components of the metabolic syndrome but was lower in smokers and in diabetic subjects. The 22- to 25-year incidence of hospital-diagnosed kidney failure (145 first events, 67% CRF) and the 24- to 28-year mortality (587 events) were higher in subject with hyperuricemia (>6.5 mg/dL in men and >5.3 mg/dL in women, reflecting the upper quintiles), independent of baseline kidney function and covariates. Hyperuricemia conferred adjusted hazard ratios of 1.36 (P = 0.003), 2.14 (P < 0.001) and 2.87 (P = 0.003) for mortality, CRF and ARF, respectively. Conclusions. SUA predicts renal failure incidence and all-cause mortality independently of demographic and clinical covariates. These results lend support to the undertaking of clinical trials to examine the effect of uric acid-lowering strategies on kidney outcomes. PMID:21220750

  19. Long-term outcomes after severe shock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratt, Cristina M; Hirshberg, Eliotte L; Jones, Jason P; Kuttler, Kathryn G; Lanspa, Michael J; Wilson, Emily L; Hopkins, Ramona O; Brown, Samuel M

    2015-02-01

    Severe shock is a life-threatening condition with very high short-term mortality. Whether the long-term outcomes among survivors of severe shock are similar to long-term outcomes of other critical illness survivors is unknown. We therefore sought to assess long-term survival and functional outcomes among 90-day survivors of severe shock and determine whether clinical predictors were associated with outcomes. Seventy-six patients who were alive 90 days after severe shock (received ≥1 μg/kg per minute of norepinephrine equivalent) were eligible for the study. We measured 3-year survival and long-term functional outcomes using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey, the EuroQOL 5-D-3L, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, and an employment instrument. We also assessed the relationship between in-hospital predictors and long-term outcomes. The mean long-term survival was 5.1 years; 82% (62 of 76) of patients survived, of whom 49 were eligible for follow-up. Patients who died were older than patients who survived. Thirty-six patients completed a telephone interview a mean of 5 years after hospital admission. The patients' Physical Functioning scores were below U.S. population norms (P shock had a high 3-year survival rate. Patients' long-term physical and psychological outcomes were similar to those reported for cohorts of less severely ill intensive care unit survivors. Anxiety and depression were relatively common, but only a few patients had symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. This study supports the observation that acute illness severity does not determine long-term outcomes. Even extremely critically ill patients have similar outcomes to general intensive care unit survivor populations.

  20. Clinical characteristics and long-term visual outcome of optic neuritis in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder: A comparison between Thai and American-Caucasian cohorts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanikieti, Kavin; Poonyathalang, Anuchit; Jindahra, Panitha; Bouzika, Peggy; Rizzo, Joseph F; Cestari, Dean M

    2017-10-01

    Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) occurs more commonly in Asian than Caucasian populations. Few studies have examined the clinical features and visual outcome of optic neuritis (ON) within NMOSD in different racial populations. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics and long-term visual outcome of a Thai and an American-Caucasian cohort with NMOSD-related ON. Medical records including brain and orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 16 consecutive subjects who developed visual loss due to ON as part of NMOSD evaluated at a single American tertiary referral center between 2006 and 2015 were reviewed and compared to those of 16 consecutive similar subjects evaluated at a single Thai tertiary referral center between 2010 and 2016. These cohorts represented the total number of NMOSD-related ON subjects seen during that time at those institutions. Statistical analyses were used for continuous and categorical data sets, and multiple regression analysis was used to adjust for differences in duration of follow-up and number of episodes of ON in each affected eye. All subjects within the Thai cohort were Asian, while the American cohort initially consisted of 14 Caucasian, 1 Asian and 1 African-American subject, but the latter two were excluded from analysis. In the Thai cohort, ON occurred in 21 eyes, with a total of 19 episodes, while in the American-Caucasian cohort ON occurred in 22 eyes, with a total of 21 episodes. Aquaporin 4 (AQP4)-antibody was positive in all subjects except for one American-Caucasian subject. The mean follow-up time was 17.8 (± 16.0) and 52.8 (± 51.9) months for the Thai and American-Caucasian populations, respectively. There was no difference between the two cohorts with respect to gender, age of NMOSD and NMOSD-related ON onset, initial clinical presentation of NMOSD, initial visual acuity and automated visual fields, prevalence of swollen optic disc in the acute phase, presence of pain on the

  1. Long-term safety and efficacy of adalimumab for intestinal Behçet's disease in the open label study following a phase 3 clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagamu Inoue

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Intestinal Behçet's disease (BD is an immune-mediated inflammatory disorder. We followed up the patients and evaluated safety profile and effectiveness of adalimumab for the treatment of intestinal BD through 100 weeks rolled over from the 52 week clinical trial (NCT01243671.Methods: Patients initiated adalimumab therapy at 160 mg at week 0, followed by 80 mg at week 2, followed by 40 mg every other week until the end of the study. Long-term safety and all adverse events (AEs were examined. The efficacy was assessed on the basis of marked improvement (MI and complete remission (CR using a composite efficacy index, which combined global gastrointestinal symptoms and endoscopic assessments.Results: Twenty patients were enrolled in this study; 15 patients received adalimumab treatment until study completion. The incidence of AEs through week 100 was 544.4 events/100 person-years, which was comparable to the incidence through week 52 (560.4 events/100 person-years. No unexpected trend was observed and adalimumab was well tolerated. At weeks 52 and 100, 60.0% and 40.0% of patients showed MI, respectively, and 20.0% and 15.0% of patients showed CR, respectively.Conclusions: This report demonstrates 2 years safety and effectiveness of adalimumab in intestinal BD patients. Patients with intestinal BD refractory to conventional treatment receiving up to 2 years of adalimumab treatment demonstrated safety outcomes consistent with the known profile of adalimumab, and the treatment led to sustained reduction of clinical and endoscopic disease activity.

  2. Long-term clinical efficacy in grass pollen-induced rhinoconjunctivitis after treatment with SQ-standardized grass allergy immunotherapy tablet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durham, Stephen R; Emminger, Waltraud; Kapp, Alexander; Colombo, Giselda; de Monchy, Jan G R; Rak, Sabina; Scadding, Glenis K; Andersen, Jens S; Riis, Bente; Dahl, Ronald

    2010-01-01

    Sustained and disease-modifying effects of sublingual immunotherapy have never before been confirmed in a large-scale randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. We sought to investigate sustained efficacy 1 year after a 3-year period of daily treatment with the SQ-standardized grass allergy immunotherapy tablet Grazax (Phleum pratense 75,000 SQ-T/2,800 BAU; ALK-Abelló, Hørsholm, Denmark). A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase III trial including adults with a history of moderate-to-severe grass pollen induced rhinoconjunctivitis inadequately controlled by symptomatic medications. The analysis set comprised 257 subjects at the follow-up. Efficacy end points were rhinoconjunctivitis symptom and medication scores, quality of life, and percentages of symptom and medication free days. Immunologic end points included grass pollen-specific serum IgG4 and IgE-blocking factor. Safety was assessed based on adverse events. Significant improvements in efficacy were consistently shown during 3 years' treatment. One year after treatment, the active group showed sustained reductions in mean rhinoconjunctivitis symptom scores (26%, P < .001) and medication scores (29%, P = .022) when compared with placebo. This level was similar to the efficacy observed during the 3-year treatment period. The differences in percentages of symptom- and medication-free days were significant during and 1 year after treatment. The active group also reported sustained and significant improvements in quality of life. Sustained clinical benefit was accompanied by immunologic changes. No safety issues were identified. Three years of treatment with the SQ-standardized grass allergy immunotherapy tablet resulted in consistent clinical improvement and accompanying immunologic changes that were sustained 1 year after treatment, which is indicative of disease modification and associated long-term benefits. Copyright 2010 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by

  3. Long-term dissemination of acquired AmpC β-lactamases among Klebsiella spp. and Escherichia coli in Portuguese clinical settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, F; Machado, E; Ribeiro, T G; Novais, Â; Peixe, L

    2014-04-01

    We investigated the occurrence, diversity and molecular epidemiology of genes coding for acquired AmpC β-lactamases (qAmpC) among clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae lacking inducible chromosomal AmpCs in Portugal. A total of 675 isolates non-susceptible to broad-spectrum cephalosporins obtained from four hospitals and three community laboratories during a 7-year period (2002-2008) were analysed. The presence of genes coding for qAmpC was investigated by phenotypic criteria, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing. Bacterial identification, antibiotic susceptibility testing, conjugation assays and clonal analysis were performed by standard procedures. The presence of bla(qAmpC) genes was detected in 50 % (50/100; 41 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 5 Escherichia coli, 4 Klebsiella oxytoca) of the presumptive qAmpC producers. DHA-1, detected in those species, was the most prevalent qAmpC (94 %, 47/50), being identified since 2003 and throughout the studied period in different institutions. Despite the high clonal diversity observed, three DHA-1-producing Klebsiella spp. clones were more frequently identified. CMY-2 (6 %, 3/50) was observed in B1-E. coli clones. Conjugative transfer was only observed in one (2 %) CMY-2-producing isolate. Most qAmpC producers (94 %, 47/50) co-expressed SHV-type and/or OXA-1 or CTX-M-32 extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). To the authors' knowledge, this is the first description of the molecular epidemiology and the long-term dissemination of qAmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Portuguese clinical settings, highlighting an evolution towards a more complex epidemiological situation regarding cephalosporin resistance in Portugal.

  4. What are the effects of varenicline compared with nicotine replacement therapy on long-term smoking cessation and clinically important outcomes? Protocol for a prospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Neil M; Taylor, Gemma; Taylor, Amy E; Thomas, Kyla H; Windmeijer, Frank; Martin, Richard M; Munafò, Marcus R

    2015-11-05

    Smoking is a major avoidable cause of ill-health and premature death. Treatments that help patients successfully quit smoking have an important effect on health and life expectancy. Varenicline is a medication that can help smokers successfully quit smoking. However, there are concerns that it may cause adverse effects, such as increase in the occurrence of depression, self-harm and suicide and cardiovascular disease. In this study we aim to examine the effects of varenicline versus other smoking cessation pharmacotherapies on smoking cessation, health service use, all-cause and cause-specific mortality and physical and mental health conditions. In this project we will investigate the effects of varenicline compared to nicotine replacement therapies on: (1) long-term smoking cessation and whether these effects differ by area level deprivation; and (2) the following clinically-important outcomes: rate of general practice and hospital attendance; all-cause mortality and death due to diseases of the respiratory system and cardiovascular disease; and a primary care diagnosis of respiratory illness, myocardial infarction or depression and anxiety. The study is based on a cohort of patients prescribed these smoking cessation medications from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD). We will use three methods to overcome confounding: multivariable adjusted Cox regression, propensity score matched Cox regression, and instrumental variable regression. The total expected sample size for analysis will be at least 180,000. Follow-up will end with the earliest of either an 'event' or censoring due to the end of registration or death. Ethics approval was not required for this study. This project has been approved by the CPRD's Independent Scientific Advisory Committee (ISAC). We will disseminate our findings via publications in international peer-reviewed journals and presentations at international conferences. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission

  5. Effects of vildagliptin as add-on treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: insights from long-term clinical studies in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odawara, Masato; Sagara, Rieko

    2015-01-01

    Vildagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, is wildly used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with mono- or combination-therapy. We review two previously published open-label studies to extract insights on the long-term efficacy and safety of vildagliptin. Two studies were conducted in Japan to assess the efficacy and safety of vildagliptin as an add-on to other oral antidiabetes drugs (OADs) for 52 weeks. These studies were performed under the similar protocol in Japanese patients with T2DM who were inadequately controlled with OAD monotherapy [excluding other dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors]. Addition of vildagliptin (50 mg twice daily) to other OAD monotherapy [sulfonylurea (SU), metformin, thiazolidinedione, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor and glinide] reduced glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels by -0.64 %,-0.75 %,-0.92 %,-0.94 % and - 0.64 %, respectively, over 52 weeks of treatment. Overall, the incidence of hypoglycemia was low and was slightly higher in the add-on to SU treatment group compared with the other groups. The incidences of adverse events were comparable among the treatment groups, and vildagliptin was well-tolerated as add-on therapy to other OADs. The evidence from the two studies indicates that vildagliptin as an add-on therapy to other OADs is a clinically reasonable option for Japanese patients with T2DM who respond inadequately to other OAD monotherapy.

  6. Long-term clinical outcome in patients with stage-i nonseminomatous germ cell cancer: a critical review of own treatment modalities in a retrospective study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Seseke

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The optimal management of patients with clinical stage I non-seminomatous germ cell testicular cancer (NSGCT I was considered controversial until the European Germ Cell Cancer Consensus Group determined unambiguous treatment strategies. In order to assess the long-term outcome we evaluated the data of patients with NSGCT I. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective evaluation, we included 52 patients with a mean age of 26 years (range 15-58 who were treated with different modalities at our department between 1989 and 2003. Mean follow-up was 5.9 years (range 2-14 years. After orchiectomy, 39 patients were treated with chemotherapy, 7 patients underwent retroperitoneal lymph node dissection and 6 men were managed using a surveillance strategy. Survival, recurrence rate and time of recurrence were evaluated. The histological staging and treatment modality was related to the relapse. RESULTS: Tumor specific overall mortality was 3.8%. The mortality and relapse rate of the surveillance strategy, retroperitoneal lymph node dissection and chemotherapy was 16.7% / 50%, 14.3% / 14.3% and 0% / 2.5% respectively. All relapsed patients in the surveillance group as well as in the RPLND group had at least one risk factor for developing metastatic disease. CONCLUSIONS: Following the European consensus on diagnosis and treatment of germ cell cancer in patients with NSGCT Stage I any treatment decision must be individually related to the patient according to prognostic factors and care capacity of the treating centre. In case of doubt, adjuvant chemotherapy should be the treatment of choice, as it provides the lowest risk of relapse or tumor related death.

  7. The long-term clinical and radiological outcomes in patients who suffer recurrent injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament after reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, I; Salmon, L; Roe, J; Pinczewski, L

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term clinical and radiological outcome of patients who suffer recurrent injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) after reconstruction and require revision surgery. From a consecutive series of 200 patients who underwent primary reconstruction following rupture of the ACL, we identified 36 who sustained a further rupture, 29 of whom underwent revision surgery. Patients were reviewed prospectively at one, two, seven, 15 and about 20 years after their original surgery. Primary outcome measures were the number of further ruptures, the posterior tibial slope (PTS), and functional and radiological outcomes. These were compared with a gender and age matched cohort of patients who underwent primary ACL reconstruction only. At a mean follow-up of 18.3 years (14.3 to 20.2), 29 patients had undergone revision surgery and within this revision group 11 had sustained more than three ruptures of the ACL (3 to 6). The mean age at the time of revision reconstruction was 26.4 years (14 to 54). The mean PTS was significantly higher in those patients who suffered a further injury to the ACL (11°) compared with the control group (9°) (p reconstruction have poorer functional and radiological outcomes than those who suffer a single injury. The causes of further injury are likely to be multifactorial but an increased PTS appears to have a significant association with recurrent ACL injuries. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:337-43. ©2017 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  8. Improving Adherence to Long-term Opioid Therapy Guidelines to Reduce Opioid Misuse in Primary Care A Cluster-Randomized Clinical Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebschutz, Jane M.; Xuan, Ziming; Shanahan, Christopher W.; LaRochelle, Marc; Keosaian, Julia; Beers, Donna; Guara, George; O’Connor, Kristen; Alford, Daniel P.; Parker, Victoria; Weiss, Roger D.; Samet, Jeffrey H.; Crosson, Julie; Cushman, Phoebe A.; Lasser, Karen E.

    2017-01-01

    IMPORTANCE Prescription opioid misuse is a national crisis. Few interventions have improved adherence to opioid-prescribing guidelines. OBJECTIVE To determine whether a multicomponent intervention, Transforming Opioid Prescribing in Primary Care (TOPCARE; http://mytopcare.org/), improves guideline adherence while decreasing opioid misuse risk. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Cluster-randomized clinical trial among 53 primary care clinicians (PCCs) and their 985 patients receiving long-term opioid therapy for pain. The study was conducted from January 2014 to March 2016 in 4 safety-net primary care practices. INTERVENTIONS Intervention PCCs received nurse care management, an electronic registry, 1-on-1 academic detailing, and electronic decision tools for safe opioid prescribing. Control PCCs received electronic decision tools only. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Primary outcomes included documentation of guideline-concordant care (both a patient-PCC agreement in the electronic health record and at least 1 urine drug test [UDT]) over 12 months and 2 or more early opioid refills. Secondary outcomes included opioid dose reduction (ie, 10% decrease in morphine-equivalent daily dose [MEDD] at trial end) and opioid treatment discontinuation. Adjusted outcomes controlled for differing baseline patient characteristics: substance use diagnosis, mental health diagnoses, and language. RESULTS Of the 985 participating patients, 519 were men, and 466 were women (mean [SD] patient age, 54.7 [11.5] years). Patients received a mean (SD) MEDD of 57.8 (78.5) mg. At 1 year, intervention patients were more likely than controls to receive guideline-concordant care (65.9% vs 37.8%; P opioid treatment discontinuation (AOR, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.3–2.1; P opioid refills. TRIAL REGISTRATION clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01909076 PMID:28715535

  9. Clinical and microscopic evaluation of long-term (6 months) epilation effects of the ipulse personal home-use intense pulsed light (IPL) device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trelles, M A; Ash, C; Town, G

    2014-02-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the cellular mechanism of long-term hair reduction using a novel, square pulse, low-fluence home-use IPL device. Ten subjects' axillae (Fitzpatrick III-V) were treated once weekly for four consecutive weeks in a simulated home-use trial. Treated and control site punch biopsies were taken from axillary sites for H&E staining and blinded histological examination before, immediately after and six months after the fourth treatment. The contralateral axilla served as a control. Histologically, four sequential weekly treatments gave a significant increase in telogen compared with anagen follicles. Six months after the fourth treatment, an 87% reduction in terminal hair count (P ≤ 0.00005) was recorded. An atypical telogen with infundibular dilatation and plugging of keratin and clumping of melanin with disintegration and/or retraction of the intraluminal hair shaft were observed. The papillae remained viable and some new anagen follicles were evident after four treatments. Vellous hairs appeared unaffected by IPL exposures. A mixed inflammatory infiltrate of lymphocytes and eosinophils around vessels of the superficial and deep dermis was sometimes present but the epidermis appeared always normal. A highly significant hair density reduction through induction of telogen followed by miniaturization similar to that achieved in professionally delivered permanent laser hair reduction appears to be the major mechanism of hair reduction using home-use IPL. IPL-induced damage to the isthmus and upper stem may inhibit or interfere with the hair regrowth process. Longer term studies are required to determine if this observed damage is clinically permanent. © 2013 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2013 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.

  10. The long-term clinical implications of clonal chromosomal abnormalities in newly diagnosed chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with imatinib mesylate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sung-Eun; Choi, Soo Young; Bang, Ju-Hee; Kim, Soo-Hyun; Jang, Eun-Jung; Byeun, Ji-Young; Park, Jin Eok; Jeon, Hye-Rim; Oh, Yun Jeong; Kim, Myungshin; Kim, Dong-Wook

    2012-11-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical significance of an additional chromosomal abnormality (ACA), variant Philadelphia chromosome (vPh) at diagnosis, and newly developed other chromosomal abnormalities (OCA) in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) on imatinib (IM) therapy. Sequential cytogenetic data from 281 consecutive new chronic phase CML patients were analyzed. With a median follow-up of 78.6 months, the 22 patients with vPh (P = 0.034) or ACA (P = 0.034) at diagnosis had more events of IM failure than did the patients with a standard Ph. The 5-year overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS), and failure-free survival (FFS) rates for patients with vPh at diagnosis were 77.8%, 75.0%, and 53.3%, respectively; for patients with ACA at diagnosis, 100%, 66.3%, and 52.1%, respectively; and for patients with a standard Ph, 96.0%, 91.3%, and 83.7%, respectively. During IM therapy, eight patients developed an OCA, which had no impact on outcomes as a time-dependent covariate in our Cox proportional hazards regression models. This study showed that vPh was associated with poor OS and FFS and that ACA had adverse effects on EFS and FFS. In addition, no OCA, except monosomy 7, had any prognostic impact, suggesting that the development of OCA may not require a change in treatment strategy. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Long-term impact of pre-operative physical rehabilitation protocol on the 6-min walk test of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dos Santos Alves, V L; Stirbulov, R; Avanzi, O

    2015-01-01

    Monitored physical activities in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have been shown to improve physical performance, endurance and cardiopulmonary function and may be assessed by the 6-min walk test (6MWT). We aimed to evaluate the long-term results of the 6MWT after a rehabilitation protocol employed before surgical correction for AIS. This prospective randomized clinical trial studied the impact of a 4-month pre-operative physical rehabilitation protocol on post-operative cardiopulmonary function and physical endurance, by using the 6MWT, in patients with AIS submitted to surgical correction, comparing them to matched controls without physical rehabilitation. Studied variables were heart and respiratory rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, peripheral blood oxygen saturation, Borg score, and distance walked. Patients were assessed at baseline, after 4 months of rehabilitation, and 3, 6 and 12 months post-operatively. A total of 50 patients with AIS were included in the study and allocated blindly, by simple randomization, into either one of the two groups, with 25 patients each: study group (pre-operative physical rehabilitation) and control group. The physical rehabilitation protocol promoted significant progressive improvement in heart and respiratory rate, peripheral blood oxygen saturation, distance walked, and level of effort assessed by the Borg scale after surgery. Post-surgical recovery, evaluated by 6MWT, was significantly better in patients who underwent a 4-month pre-operative physical rehabilitation protocol. Copyright © 2013 Sociedade Portuguesa de Pneumologia. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  12. Long-Term Mechanical Ventilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahetya, Sarina; Allgood, Sarah; Gay, Peter C; Lechtzin, Noah

    2016-12-01

    Although precise numbers are difficult to obtain, the population of patients receiving long-term ventilation has increased over the last 20 years, and includes patients with chronic lung diseases, neuromuscular diseases, spinal cord injury, and children with complex disorders. This article reviews the equipment and logistics involved with ventilation outside of the hospital. Discussed are common locations for long-term ventilation, airway and secretion management, and many of the potential challenges faced by individuals on long-term ventilation. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  13. Long-term Course of Alzheimer Disease in Patients Treated According to the Dutch Dementia Guideline at a Memory Clinic A "Real-Life" Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Droogsma, Erika; van Asselt, Dieneke; van Steijn, Jolanda; Diekhuis, Marjolein; Veeger, Nic; De Deyn, Peter P.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction:There is little knowledge of the long-term course of Alzheimer disease (AD) in light of current pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions provided in a real-life setting.Methods:The Frisian Alzheimer's Disease Cohort study is a real-life study of the course of AD in patients

  14. Short- and long-term effects of selective dorsal rhizotomy on gross motor function in ambulatory children with spastic diplegia Clinical article

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Schie, P.E.M.; Schothorst, M.; Dallmeijer, A.J.; Vermeulen, R.J.; van Ouwerkerk, W.J.R.; Strijers, R.L.M.; Becher, J.G.

    2011-01-01

    Object. The primary aim of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the short-term (1 year) and long-term (mean 6 years) effects of selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) on gross motor function and spasticity in ambulatory children with spastic diplegia. Secondary aims were to investigate side

  15. Acute and long-term changes in T-lymphocyte subsets in response to clinical and subclinical measles. A community study from rural Senegal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lisse, I; Samb, B; Whittle, H

    1998-01-01

    To investigate the possibility of long-term suppression of T-lymphocyte subsets, we examined children exposed to measles at home during an epidemic in rural Senegal, at time of exposure and 1 and 6 months later. The measles case fatality ratio was 1%. Subclinical measles was common among vaccinat...

  16. Edoxaban for the long-term treatment of venous thromboembolism: rationale and design of the Hokusai-venous thromboembolism study--methodological implications for clinical trials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raskob, G.; Büller, H.; Prins, M. [=Martin H.; Segers, A.; Shi, M.; Schwocho, L.; van Kranen, R.; Mercuri, M.

    2013-01-01

    New oral anticoagulants may simplify long-term therapy by eliminating the need for laboratory monitoring. Edoxaban is an oral, direct inhibitor of factor Xa that is given in a fixed dose once daily. The Hokusai-VTE study is a randomized, double-blind trial to evaluate whether initial low molecular

  17. Long term complications of diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000327.htm Long-term complications of diabetes To use the sharing features on this page, ... other tests. All these may help you keep complications of diabetes away. You will need to check your blood ...

  18. Radiologic Predictors for Clinical Stage IA Lung Adenocarcinoma with Ground Glass Components: A Multi-Center Study of Long-Term Outcomes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Li

    Full Text Available This study was to define preoperative predictors from radiologic findings for the pathologic risk groups based on long-term surgical outcomes, in the aim to help guide individualized patient management.We retrospectively reviewed 321 consecutive patients with clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma with ground glass component on computed tomography (CT scanning. Pathologic diagnosis for resection specimens was based on the 2011 IASLC/ATS/ERS classification of lung adenocarcinoma. Patients were classified into different pathologic risk grading groups based on their lymph node status, local regional recurrence and overall survival. Radiologic characteristics of the pulmonary nodules were re-evaluated by reconstructed three-dimension CT (3D-CT. Univariate and multivariate analysis identifies independent radiologic predictors from tumor diameter, total volume (TV, average CT value (AVG, and solid-to-tumor (S/T ratio. Receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC studies were carried out to determine the cutoff value(s for the predictor(s. Univariate cox regression model was used to determine the clinical significance of the above findings.A total of 321 patients with clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma with ground glass components were included in our study. Patients were classified into two pathologic low- and high- risk groups based on their distinguished surgical outcomes. A total of 134 patients fell into the low-risk group. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified AVG (HR: 32.210, 95% CI: 3.020-79.689, P<0.001 and S/T ratio (HR: 12.212, 95% CI: 5.441-27.408, P<0.001 as independent predictors for pathologic risk grading. ROC curves studies suggested the optimal cut-off values for AVG and S/T ratio were-198 (area under the curve [AUC] 0.921, 2.9 (AUC 0.996 and 54% (AUC 0.907, respectively. The tumor diameter and TV were excluded for the low AUCs (0.778 and 0.767. Both the cutoff values of AVG and S/T ratio were correlated with pathologic

  19. New 3D technologies applied to assess the long-term clinical effects of misfit of the full jaw fixed prosthesis on dental implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jokstad, Asbjørn; Shokati, Babak

    2015-10-01

    metrological software. The effect of misfit between the superstructures on its supporting implants up to ~230 μm on the long-term clinical outcomes appears to be minor, apart from a slightly higher risk of screw-related adverse events. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Long-term effect of intensive lifestyle intervention on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with diabetes in real-world clinical practice: a 5-year longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamdy, Osama; Mottalib, Adham; Morsi, Amr; El-Sayed, Nuha; Goebel-Fabbri, Ann; Arathuzik, Gillian; Shahar, Jacqueline; Kirpitch, Amanda; Zrebiec, John

    2017-01-01

    We evaluated long-term impact of sustained weight loss versus weight regain on cardiovascular risk factors in real-world clinical practice. We evaluated 129 obese patients with diabetes enrolled in Weight Achievement and Intensive Treatment (Why WAIT) program, a 12-week clinical model of intensive lifestyle intervention. After 1 year, we divided participants into group A, who maintained <7% weight loss (47.3%) and group B (52.7%), who maintained ≥7% weight loss. We continued to follow them for a total of 5 years. The total cohort lost 23.8 lbs (-9.7%) at 12 weeks and maintained -16.2 lbs (-6.4%) at 5 years (p<0.001). Group A maintained -8.4 lbs (-3.5%) and group B maintained -23.1 lbs (-9.0%) at 5 years. In group A, A1C decreased from 7.5±1.3% to 6.7±0.9% at 12 weeks but increased to 7.7±1.4% at 1 year and 8.0±1.9% at 5 years. In group B, A1C decreased from 7.4±1.2% to 6.4±0.9% at 12 weeks and rose to 6.8±1.2% at 1 year and 7.3±1.5% at 5 years. Despite weight regain, group A maintained improvement in low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol with worsening of serum triglycerides and no change in blood pressure (BP). Group B maintained improvement in lipid profile for 5 years and had significantly lower BP for 18 months. Weight reduction in patients with diabetes can be maintained for 5 years and is predicted by patients' ability to maintain ≥7% weight loss at 1 year. A1C and triglycerides deteriorate with weight regain, while other lipid improvements are maintained. Sustained weight loss is associated with significantly lower A1C for 5 years and lowers BP for 18 months. NCT01937845.

  1. Long-Term Clinical Impact of Coronary CT Angiography in Patients With Recent Acute-Onset Chest Pain: The Randomized Controlled CATCH Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linde, Jesper J; Hove, Jens D; Sørgaard, Mathias; Kelbæk, Henning; Jensen, Gorm B; Kühl, Jørgen T; Hindsø, Louise; Køber, Lars; Nielsen, Walter B; Kofoed, Klaus F

    2015-12-01

    The aim of the CATCH (CArdiac cT in the treatment of acute CHest pain) trial was to investigate the long-term clinical impact of a coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA)-guided treatment strategy in patients with recent acute-onset chest pain compared to standard care. The prognostic implications of a coronary CTA-guided treatment strategy have not been compared in a randomized fashion to standard care in patients referred for acute-onset chest pain. Patients with acute chest pain but normal electrocardiograms and troponin values were randomized to treatment guided by either coronary CTA or standard care (bicycle exercise electrocardiogram or myocardial perfusion imaging). In the coronary CTA-guided group, a functional test was included in cases of nondiagnostic coronary CTA images or coronary stenoses of borderline severity. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), hospitalization for unstable angina pectoris (UAP), late symptom-driven revascularizations, and readmission for chest pain. We randomized 299 patients to coronary CTA-guided strategy and 301 to standard care. After inclusion, 24 patients withdrew their consent. The median (interquartile range) follow-up duration was 18.7 (range 16.8 to 20.1) months. In the coronary CTA-guided group, 30 patients (11%) had a primary endpoint versus 47 patients (16%) in the standard care group (p = 0.04; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62 [95% confidence interval: 0.40 to 0.98]). A major adverse cardiac event (cardiac death, MI, hospitalization for UAP, and late symptom-driven revascularization) was observed in 5 patients (2 MIs, 3 UAPs) in the coronary CTA-guided group versus 14 patients (1 cardiac death, 7 MIs, 5 UAPs, 1 late symptom-driven revascularization) in the standard care group (p = 0.04; HR: 0.36 [95% CI: 0.16 to 0.95]). Differences in cardiac death and MI (8 vs. 2) were insignificant (p = 0.06). A coronary CTA-guided treatment strategy appears to improve clinical outcome

  2. Long-term T2 and Qualitative MRI Morphology After First-Generation Knee Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation: Cartilage Ultrastructure Is Not Correlated to Clinical or Qualitative MRI Outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salzmann, Gian M; Erdle, Benjamin; Porichis, Stella; Uhl, Markus; Ghanem, Nadir; Schmal, Hagen; Kubosch, David; Südkamp, Norbert P; Niemeyer, Philipp

    2014-08-01

    There are several reports on long-term clinical outcomes after autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) for knee cartilage defect treatment. Few published articles have evaluated defect quality using quantitative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques. To evaluate clinical outcomes and the quality of repair tissue (RT) after first-generation periosteum-covered ACI (ACI-P) using qualitative MR outcomes and T2-weighted relaxation times. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. All patients (n = 86) who underwent knee joint ACI-P (from 1997 through 2001) with a postoperative follow-up of at least 10 years were invited for clinical and MR evaluation. Clinical outcomes analysis included pre- and postoperative Lysholm and numeric analog scale (NAS) for pain (10 = worst, 0 = best). Radiographic analysis included postoperative T2-weighted mapping of the RT, RT-associated regions, and healthy control cartilage; MOCART (magnetic resonance observation of cartilage repair tissue) score; a modified Knee Osteoarthritis Scoring System (mKOSS; 0 = best, 15 = worst) score; as well as numeric grading for subjective RT and whole knee joint evaluation (1 = best, 6 = worst). A total of 70 patients (45 male, 25 female; mean age, 33.3 ± 10.2 years; 81% follow-up rate) with 82 defects were available for follow-up at an average 10.9 ± 1.1 years postoperatively, with MR analysis for 59 patients with 71 transplant sites (average defect size, 6.5 ± 4.0 cm(2)). Final Lysholm (71.0 ± 17.4) and NAS (7.2 ± 1.9) scores improved significantly when compared with preoperative scores (Lysholm: 42.0 ± 22.5; NAS: 2.1 ± 2.1; P < .01 for both). Average transplant T2 was 35.2 ± 11.3 ms and thereby significantly lower (P = .005) when compared to the intraknee healthy femur T2 (39.7 ± 6.8 ms). The MOCART was 44.9 ± 23.6 and mKOSS was 4.8 ± 3.2. RT subjective grading was 3.3 ± 1.4, while it was 2.3 ± 0.7 for whole joint evaluation. The RT T2 significantly correlated with postoperative NAS (P = .04

  3. Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of imepitoin in dogs with newly diagnosed epilepsy in a randomized controlled clinical study with long-term follow up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rundfeldt, Chris; Tipold, Andrea; Löscher, Wolfgang

    2015-09-02

    . Most CNS related adverse drug reactions were transient. Both the antiepileptic activity and the safety profile make the drug suitable for long-term clinical use.

  4. Defining clinical issues around tolerance, hyperalgesia, and addiction: a quantitative and qualitative outcome study of long-term opioid dosing in a chronic pain practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Jennifer P; Kirsh, Kenneth L

    2010-01-01

    Treatment with opioid medications has grown over the past decades, but has been surrounded by some ongoing controversy and debate to whether it is causing more harm than good for patients. To this end, the field of pain management has suffered from a lack of clarity about some basic definitions on concepts such as tolerance and hyperalgesia. Some characterize these issues as inevitable parts of opioid therapy while other schools of thought look at these issues as relatively rare occurrences. Unfortunately, most of the rhetoric around these topics has occurred with very little in the realm of real world data. To this end, the authors have reviewed the charts of 197 patients treated by a pain specialist for at least 1 year to better illustrate whether notions of tolerance and hyperalgesia are common occurrences and, more importantly, whether they occur within any type of specified timeframe. A total of 197 patient charts were reviewed. The sample had an average age of 49.39 years (range = 19-87 years; standard deviation [SD] = 12.48) and comprised 66 men (33.5 percent) and 131 women (66.5 percent). The patients were seen in the pain practice for an average of 56.52 months (range = 12-155 months; SD = 31.26). On average, the patients maintained an average daily dose of 180 mg morphine equivalents for a period of 35.1 months (range = 3-101 months; SD = 21.3). Looking at the pattern of medication usage change over time, 34.5 percent experienced dose stabilization after the initial titration, 13.2 percent had early dose stabilization within one dose change, and an additional 14.7 percent actually had dose decreases after surgeries or other interventional procedures. Only 6.6 percent of the sample had to be discharged or weaned from controlled substances over time in the clinic. Thus, it appears that tolerance and hyperalgesia are not foregone conclusions when considering placing a patient on long-term opioid therapy.

  5. [Long-term results of surgical treatment of stomach cancer: clinical experience of forty years from Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, You-qing; Li, Wei; Sun, Xiao-wei; Chen, Ying-bo; Xu, Li; Chen, Gong; Guan, Yuan-xiang; Li, Yuan-fang; Xu, Da-zhi; Sun, Xian-fu; Zhang, Hua-zheng; Lin, Zhen-wen

    2005-09-01

    To investigate the approaches to improve therapeutic effect of stomach cancer by analysis of the long-term results of surgical treatment of this disease. Prognostic factors of stomach cancer were analyzed by Cox multivariate regression model based on clinical data of 2561 stomach cancer cases who underwent surgical treatment from 1964 to 2004 at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. Survival rates were calculated by life table method. Gastrectomy was performed for 1950 cases with resectability of 76.1%, among which there were 1192 cases of curative resection (46.5%) and 758 cases of non-curative resection (29.6%). The other 611 cases of palliative operation included bypass procedures and laparotomy. Operative mortality of all cases was 0.8% and morbidity was 5.1%. For all cases the 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rate was 52.4%, 38.6% and 35.5%, respectively. The stage-specific 5-year survival rate was 86.8% (Stage I), 58.7% (Stage II), 28.4% (Stage III) and 7.6% (Stage IV), respectively. The 5-year survival after curative resection in the period of 40 years was 45.5%, and increased to 52.7% in the last two decades and 61.8% in recent decade. Stage-specific case proportion during the earlier two decades was 1.4% (Stage I), 10.6% (Stage II), 23.1% (Stage III) and 64.9% (Stage IV), respectively, and that during the recent two decades was 9.3%, 18.5%, 35.3% and 36.8%, respectively. The 5-year survival rate of cases during the earlier two decades was 18.0% and increased to 37.5% during the recent two decades. Multivariate analysis indicated that main prognostic factors of stomach cancer included TNM staging, curative resection and multidisciplinary treatment. Early detection and curative resection were the most important measures to improve therapeutic effect of stomach cancer. A surgery-predominant multidisciplinary treatment individualizing biological characteristics of tumor, staging of disease and tumor site will contribute to improvement of therapeutic effect of

  6. Long-term effects of directed forgetting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hupbach, Almut

    2018-03-01

    The intention to forget reduces the accessibility of information in memory, which is commonly explained with temporary retrieval difficulties. Long-term effects have rarely been studied, and results are inconsistent. The present study re-assessed the long-term effects of directed forgetting (DF). Participants encoded a first list of items (L1), and were then instructed to forget or to remember this list. Immediately afterwards, all participants were presented with a second list to remember. In Experiment 1, memory for L1 and L2 was assessed after a 24-h delay. The forget cue reduced the number of items that were recalled from L1. Experiment 2 implemented a 12-h delay between encoding and test that was either filled with day-time wakefulness or night-time sleep. Replicating the findings of Exp. 1, recall of L1 was reduced in the forget in comparison to the remember condition. Sleep in comparison to wakefulness significantly strengthened L1 memory in the remember group only. Taken together, the present study shows that the intention to forget can have long-lasting consequences. This suggests that different mechanisms underlie the short- and long-term effects of DF, with long-term effects potentially reflecting the preferential consolidation of information that has been identified as important during encoding.

  7. Long-term prognosis in an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction population treated with routine primary percutaneous coronary intervention: from clinical trial to real-life experience

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Sune; Galatius, Soren; Mogelvang, Rasmus

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: We sought to describe the long-term prognosis after routine primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in a contemporary consecutive population of patients with presumed ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, compare it with similar results from the landmark DANAMI-2 trial...... trial reached the combined end point of death, reinfarction, or stroke (P=0.68), whereas the all-cause mortality was 13.0% and 13.7%, respectively (P=0.65). Patients admitted during off hours had the same risk of reaching the combined end point of death, reinfarction, or stroke compared with patients......). Furthermore, the long-term prognosis was the same regardless of whether the pPCI was performed during off hours or office hours. Thus, pPCI including transportation of patients from noninvasive centers can be applied successfully in a real-life population....

  8. Invasive and noninvasive methods to predict the long-term efficacy of amiodarone: a compilation of clinical observations using meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, S A; Viana, M A; Nazari, J; Bauman, J L

    1994-10-01

    The method of choice to predict the long-term efficacy of amiodarone in the treatment of complex ventricular arrhythmias is unknown. Whether electrophysiological testing or Holter monitoring better predicts long-term outcome is controversial. We performed a meta-analysis of trials using electrophysiological testing or electrocardiographic monitoring to predict the efficacy of amiodarone in patients with sustained ventricular tachycardia. Arrhythmia recurrence data were combined after homogeneity testing across trials. Bayesian estimates and 95% credibility intervals were constructed to compare the arrhythmia-free probability among groups. Nine studies using electrophysiological testing (351 patients) and three using Holter monitoring (167 patients) met criteria for inclusion determined a priori. The combined arrhythmia-free probability estimate and credibility intervals were 0.86 (0.78-0.92) for patients rendered noninducible and 0.81 (0.73-0.87) for patients with abolition of ventricular tachycardia during Holter monitoring on amiodarone. With this primary analysis, there was no significant difference between the predictive value of noninducibility during electrophysiological testing and abolition of ventricular tachycardia with Holter. However, if only those electrophysiological studies using at least triple extrastimuli were included, arrhythmia-free probability for patients rendered noninducible increased to 0.96 (0.88-0.99), significantly better than noninvasive testing. Noninducible ventricular tachycardia during electrophysiological testing and abolition of ventricular tachycardia during electrocardiographic monitoring on amiodarone appear equally predictive of long-term amiodarone success, but this conclusion seems dependent on the stimulation protocol used. Although the yield is lower (compared to Holter monitoring), ventricular tachycardia rendered noninducible with a stimulation protocol using triple extrastimuli is the most highly predictive test of

  9. High-Dose Monthly Vitamin D for Prevention of Acute Respiratory Infection in Older Long-Term Care Residents: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginde, Adit A; Blatchford, Patrick; Breese, Keith; Zarrabi, Lida; Linnebur, Sunny A; Wallace, Jeffrey I; Schwartz, Robert S

    2017-03-01

    To determine the efficacy and safety of high-dose vitamin D supplementation for prevention of acute respiratory infection (ARI) in older long-term care residents. Randomized controlled trial investigating high-dose vs standard-dose vitamin D from 2010 to 2014. Colorado long-term care facilities. Long-term care residents aged 60 and older (n = 107). The high-dose group received monthly supplement of vitamin D3 100,000 IU, the standard-dose group received a monthly placebo (for participants taking 400-1,000 IU/d as part of usual care) or a monthly supplement of 12,000 IU of vitamin D3 (for participants taking intervention. Secondary outcomes were falls and fractures, 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels, hypercalcemia, and kidney stones. Participants (55 high dose, 52 standard dose) were randomized and included in the final analysis. The high-dose group had 0.67 ARIs per person-year and the standard-dose group had 1.11 (incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 0.60, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.38-0.94, P = .02). Falls were more common in the high-dose group (1.47 per person-year vs 0.63 in standard-dose group; IRR = 2.33, 95% CI = 1.49-3.63, P falls without an increase in fractures. © 2016, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2016, The American Geriatrics Society.

  10. Effect of an antioxidant functional food beverage on exercise-induced oxidative stress: a long-term and large-scale clinical intervention study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muñoz, Maria E; Galan, Ana I; Palacios, Encarna; Diez, Maria A; Muguerza, Begoña; Cobaleda, Cesar; Calvo, Jose I; Aruoma, Okezie I; Sanchez-Garcia, Isidro; Jimenez, Rafael

    2010-11-28

    The efficacy of long-term intake of a novel functional food supplement Funciona™ containing vitamins and juiced fruits was evaluated in order to assess the net effect of physical activity and antioxidant potentials in healthy older adult population. The long-term (2 years) and large-scale (400 older adult subjects) interventional study was based on both moderate-intensity exercise practice and concurrent supplementation. Sustained exercise-induced oxidative stress as reflected in significantly increased blood thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) (+15%), protein carbonyl groups (PC) (+18%) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) (+112%) concentrations, and leukocyte 8-OHdG contents (23%). Exercise decreased the reduced/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) molar ratio (-43%) and plasma vitamin C levels (-22%). Supplementation with Funciona™ was significant in preventing oxidative damage to lipid, protein and DNA, and normalizing blood GSSG, GSH/GSSG and vitamin C levels. Thus daily intake of the antioxidant functional beverage counteracts the exercise-induced oxidative stress in free-living older subjects, and might be necessary to restore impaired antioxidant balance due long-term regular exercise. Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma: Clinical success and long-term follow up in 77 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rehnitz, Christoph, E-mail: Christoph.Rehnitz@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Sprengel, Simon David, E-mail: SimonDavid.Sprengel@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Lehner, Burkhard, E-mail: Burkhard.Lehner@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr. 200a, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Ludwig, Karl, E-mail: karl.ludwig@klinikum-herford.de [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr. 200a, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Omlor, Georg, E-mail: Georg.Omlor@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr. 200a, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Merle, Christian, E-mail: Christian.Merle@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr. 200a, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Kauczor, Hans-Ulrich, E-mail: HU.Kauczor@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Ewerbeck, Volker, E-mail: Volker.Ewerbeck@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Schlierbacher Landstr. 200a, D-69118 Heidelberg (Germany); Weber, Marc-Andre, E-mail: MarcAndre.Weber@med.uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 110, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

    2012-11-15

    The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate long-term success of CT-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in patients with osteoid osteoma (OO) and osteoblastoma (OB) including tumors in critical locations. Eighty-one CT-guided RFA procedures were performed in 77 patients with OO (65 patients) and OB (12) including 6 spinal and 15 intra/periarticular tumors. Procedural techniques included multiple needle positions, three-dimensional access planning, as well as, thermal protection techniques. Long-term success was assessed using a questionnaire including, among others, several VAS (visual analogue scale) scores. All patients completed 3-6 months follow-up, overall response to the questionnaire was 64/77 (83.1%). Primary success rate was 74/77 (96.1%) of all patients. Retreatment with RFA in 3 patients resulted in a secondary success rate of 77/77 (100%). Long-term follow-up (mean, 38.5 months; range, 3-92) revealed a highly significant (p < 0.001) reduction of all assessed limitation scores reaching normal or almost normal values. One major complication, a cannula break leading to a secondary short hospital stay, occurred. In conclusion, RFA is a safe and effective long-lasting treatment of OO and OB. Advanced procedural techniques aid treating tumors in critical locations and in the coverage of larger tumors. Besides night pain, RFA also greatly improves other factors negatively affecting the quality of life.

  12. Long-term fat redistribution in ARV-naïve HIV+ patients initiating a non-thymidine containing regimen in clinical practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Ferrer

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Lipodystrophy is still a matter of concern in HIV+ patients receiving ART. However, long-term fat change in patients taking non-thymidine regimens is not well known. Materials and Methods: A prospective ongoing fat change assessment including clinical evaluation and dexa scans (Hologic QDR 4500 is being conducted in all consecutive patients initiating ART from January 2008. Arm, leg, trunk and total fat as well as fat mass ratio (FMR=% trunk fat/% leg fat were determined. Patients with data at baseline (BL, 12 and 36 m are included in this analysis. ITT and OT were performed. Multivariate general linear models were used to assess changes in fat measures. Results: One hundred patients were included. 81% men, 42.9 years, 18% AIDS, CD4 218.5 (6-756, viral load 5 log (2.9-6.8, leg fat 4644g, trunk fat 6693g, FMR 0.94. Around 40 patients (40% initiated a PIr (17 LPVr, 11 ATVr, 9 DRVr, 3 FPVr, 34 (34% NVP and 21 (21% EFV. About 83% received TDF/FTC and 10% ABC/3TC. Groups were comparable at BL except for a lower viral load in NVP patients (p=0.047 and lower c-LDL in PI patients (p=0.043. After 36 m, no patient presented a clinically evident lipodystrophy. At 12 m, an overall significant increase was found from baseline in trunk, leg and FMR (median 759 g, 479.4 g and 0.03, respectively, p<0.05 and at 36 m in trunk and leg fat (median 989.9 g, 566 g, respectively, p<0.05. According to ART, at 12 m a significant increase in trunk and leg fat was observed in EFV and PIr. At 36 m, in NVP patients trunk and leg fat as well as FMR increased, whereas in PIr patients only leg fat increased (see figure. In ITT analysis, adjusted by age, sex, risk practice and BL CD4, EFV was associated with a greater increase in FMR (p=0.036 at 36 m vs PIr. In OT analysis, at 12 m, NVP was associated with a smaller percentage increase in trunk fat (vs PIr and EFV, p=0.006 and in leg fat (vs PIr, p=0.046. These differences did not persist at 36 m. Conclusions: In

  13. Clinical and non-clinical depressive symptoms and risk of long-term sickness absence among female employees in the Danish eldercare sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjarsbech, PU; Andersen, Rikke Voss; Christensen, Karl Bang

    2011-01-01

    , and occupational group. Limitations: Missing information on the cause of sickness absence and prevalent somatic illness. Conclusion: A clear dose–response relationship exists between increasing depressive symptoms and risk of LTSA. The adverse effect of non-clinical depressive symptoms on LTSA already manifests...

  14. Long Term Planning at IQ Metal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2017-01-01

    This is a Danish version. This case about long term planning at the owner-managed manufacturing firm IQ Metal shows how the future management and ownership may be organized to utilize owner assets and minimize roadblocks. Initially, the owner-manager Bo Fischer Larsen explains how he acquired...... in The Owner Strategy Map into the questionnaire available on www.ejerstrategi-kortet.dk. Lastly, the Owner Strategy Map's recommendation of how to organize the future management and ownership of IQ Metal is explained....

  15. Essential oils in one-stage full-mouth disinfection: double-blind, randomized clinical trial of long-term clinical, microbial and salivary effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortelli, Sheila Cavalca; Cortelli, José Roberto; Holzhausen, Marinella; Franco, Gilson Cesar Nobre; Rebelo, Renato Zanotta; Sonagere, Alan Salinas; Queiroz, Celso da Silva; Costa, Fernando Oliveira

    2009-04-01

    This randomized clinical trial evaluated the effects of an essential oils-containing mouthrinse for full-mouth disinfection. Fifty patients were assigned to receive full-mouth disinfection with either essential oils or placebo. At baseline, 2 and 6 months of treatment the primary outcomes probing depth (PD), plaque index (PlI) and modified gingival index (MGI) were monitored. Additional monitoring included bacterial presence (by polymerase chain reaction) in subgingival, saliva and tongue samples; flows, pH, total protein and alkaline phosphatase salivary levels. The following statistics were used: ANOVA, Student's t-test, chi(2) and Kruskal-Wallis (por=3.5 mm was reduced over time in both the placebo and the test groups, but there was no difference in PD reduction between groups at 2 and 6 months. At 2 and 6 months, PlI and MGI showed greater reductions in the test group than in the placebo group. Porphyromona gingivalis was not reduced in any site. At 6 months, Campylobacter rectus increased in both groups, while Tannerella forsythensis decreased subgingivally in the test group. S. sanguinis increased, except subgingivally, in the placebo group. Salivary pH and flows were not altered. Total protein reduced only in the test group. Alkaline phosphatase did not change in either group. Essential oils for full-mouth disinfection showed clinical benefits, namely reducing plaque and gingival inflammation without altering basic salivary parameters.

  16. Long-term variability of sleep bruxism and psychological stress in patients with jaw-muscle pain: Report of two longitudinal clinical cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muzalev, K; Visscher, C M; Koutris, M; Lobbezoo, F

    2018-02-01

    Sleep bruxism (SB) and psychological stress are commonly considered as contributing factors in the aetiology of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain. However, the lack of longitudinal studies and fluctuating nature of SB, psychological stress and TMD pain have led to contradictory results regarding the association between the possible aetiological factors and TMD pain. In the present study we investigated the contribution of SB and psychological stress to TMD pain in a longitudinal study of 2 clinical TMD pain cases during a 6-week study protocol. Two female volunteers with clinically diagnosed myalgia based on the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) participated in the study. Questionnaires were used to record jaw-muscle pain and psychological stress experience, and an ambulatory polysomnography technique was used to record SB intensity. Visual analysis of the data revealed that the intensity of TMD pain was not hardwired, neither with psychological stress experience nor with increased SB activity. Within the limitations of single-patient clinical cases design, our study suggested that the presence of TMD pain cannot be explained by a simple linear model which takes psychological stress or SB into account. It also seems that psychological stress was a more important predictor factor for TMD pain than SB. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Practical application of cure mixture model for long-term censored survivor data from a withdrawal clinical trial of patients with major depressive disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Background Survival analysis methods such as the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards regression (Cox regression) are commonly used to analyze data from randomized withdrawal studies in patients with major depressive disorder. However, unfortunately, such common methods may be inappropriate when a long-term censored relapse-free time appears in data as the methods assume that if complete follow-up were possible for all individuals, each would eventually experience the event of interest. Methods In this paper, to analyse data including such a long-term censored relapse-free time, we discuss a semi-parametric cure regression (Cox cure regression), which combines a logistic formulation for the probability of occurrence of an event with a Cox proportional hazards specification for the time of occurrence of the event. In specifying the treatment's effect on disease-free survival, we consider the fraction of long-term survivors and the risks associated with a relapse of the disease. In addition, we develop a tree-based method for the time to event data to identify groups of patients with differing prognoses (cure survival CART). Although analysis methods typically adapt the log-rank statistic for recursive partitioning procedures, the method applied here used a likelihood ratio (LR) test statistic from a fitting of cure survival regression assuming exponential and Weibull distributions for the latency time of relapse. Results The method is illustrated using data from a sertraline randomized withdrawal study in patients with major depressive disorder. Conclusions We concluded that Cox cure regression reveals facts on who may be cured, and how the treatment and other factors effect on the cured incidence and on the relapse time of uncured patients, and that cure survival CART output provides easily understandable and interpretable information, useful both in identifying groups of patients with differing prognoses and in utilizing Cox cure

  18. Practical application of cure mixture model for long-term censored survivor data from a withdrawal clinical trial of patients with major depressive disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamasaki Toshimitsu

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Survival analysis methods such as the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards regression (Cox regression are commonly used to analyze data from randomized withdrawal studies in patients with major depressive disorder. However, unfortunately, such common methods may be inappropriate when a long-term censored relapse-free time appears in data as the methods assume that if complete follow-up were possible for all individuals, each would eventually experience the event of interest. Methods In this paper, to analyse data including such a long-term censored relapse-free time, we discuss a semi-parametric cure regression (Cox cure regression, which combines a logistic formulation for the probability of occurrence of an event with a Cox proportional hazards specification for the time of occurrence of the event. In specifying the treatment's effect on disease-free survival, we consider the fraction of long-term survivors and the risks associated with a relapse of the disease. In addition, we develop a tree-based method for the time to event data to identify groups of patients with differing prognoses (cure survival CART. Although analysis methods typically adapt the log-rank statistic for recursive partitioning procedures, the method applied here used a likelihood ratio (LR test statistic from a fitting of cure survival regression assuming exponential and Weibull distributions for the latency time of relapse. Results The method is illustrated using data from a sertraline randomized withdrawal study in patients with major depressive disorder. Conclusions We concluded that Cox cure regression reveals facts on who may be cured, and how the treatment and other factors effect on the cured incidence and on the relapse time of uncured patients, and that cure survival CART output provides easily understandable and interpretable information, useful both in identifying groups of patients with differing prognoses and in

  19. Comparative clinical-angiographic evaluation of long-term results of coronary stenting in patients with coronary artery disease using drug-sents a different cover

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    А. Г. Осиев

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The formation of restenosis after coronary stent implantation remains a major challenge for endovascular treatment of patients with coronary atherosclerosis. In the course of the study were analyzed in a comparative perspective, the frequency and nature of developing the long-term restenosis after implantation of coronary stents in the Cypher coated with sirolimus (Cordis, Johnson & Johnson (U.S. and eucaTAX double coated - artificial glycocalyx (artificial endothelium and paclitaxel (eucatech AG, Germany in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. The advantages of stent Cypher, in reducing the incidence of restenosis and repeated endovascular interventions in the late postoperative period in patients with coronary artery disease.

  20. Long-term performance of the second-generation cobalt-chromium sirolimus-eluting stents in real-world clinical practice: 3-year clinical outcomes from the prospective multicenter FOCUS registry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Feng; Yang, Ji'e; Qian, Juying; Ge, Lei; Zhou, Jun; Ge, Junbo

    2016-07-01

    The short- and mid-term outcomes of the second-generation cobalt-chromium sirolimus-eluting stent (CoCr-SES) in real-world patients had been reported previously, but the long-term performance remained unclear. The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of the second-generation CoCr-SES from the FOCUS registry. The FOCUS registry (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00868829) enrolled all-comers eligible to receive Firebird-2 CoCr-SES. Follow-up was continued to 3 years to evaluate long-term safety and effectiveness of the second-generation CoCr-SES in real-world practice. Results of the extended-use group and standard-use group are compared to explore performance of CoCr-SES in more severe patients with more complex lesions. The rate of 3-year MACE was 7.37%, consisting of 84 cases (1.78%) of cardiac death, 166 cases (3.52%) of MI and 98 cases (2.08%) of TVR. ARC definite/probable stent thrombosis happened in 34 (0.72%) patients, only 3 new cases (stent thrombosis was reported in the third year. Meanwhile, the difference of MACE (7.77% vs. 6.06%; P=0.058), TLF (4.71% vs. 3.49%; P=0.085) and ARC definite/probable stent thrombosis (0.83% vs. 0.37%; P=0.116) between extended-use group and standard-use group showed no significance. The second-generation CoCr-SES was associated with continued low rates of 3-year MACE, TLF and stent thrombosis in a broad spectrum of patients.

  1. Long-term clinical results of autologous bone marrow CD 133+ cell transplantation in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirgizova, M. A.; Suslova, T. E.; Markov, V. A.; Karpov, R. S.; Ryabov, V. V.

    2015-11-01

    The aim of the study was investigate the long-term results of autologous bone marrow CD 133+ cell transplantation in patients with primary ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). Methods and results: From 2006 to 2007, 26 patients with primary STEMI were included in an open randomized study. Patients were randomized to two groups: 1st - included patients underwent PCI and transplantation of autologous bone marrow CD 133+ cell (n = 10); 2nd - patients with only PCI (n = 16). Follow-up study was performed 7.70±0.42 years after STEMI and consisted in physical examination, 6-min walking test, Echo exam. Total and cardiovascular mortality in group 1 was lower (20% (n = 2) vs. 44% (n = 7), p = 0.1 and 22% (n = 2) vs. 25% (n = 4), (p=0.53), respectively). Analysis of cardiac volumetric parameters shows significant differences between groups: EDV of 100.7 ± 50.2 mL vs. 144.40±42.7 mL, ESV of 56.3 ± 37.8 mL vs. 89.7 ± 38.7 mL in 1st and 2nd groups, respectively. Data of the study showed positive effects of autologous bone marrow CD 133+ cell transplantation on the long-term survival of patients and structural status of the heart.

  2. Metabolic syndrome and short-term and long-term heart rate variability in elderly free of clinical cardiovascular disease: the PROOF study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assoumou, H G Ntougou; Pichot, V; Barthelemy, J C; Dauphinot, V; Celle, S; Gosse, P; Kossovsky, M; Gaspoz, J M; Roche, F

    2010-12-01

    Autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity decrease has been associated with a higher risk of sudden cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Thus, we explored the relationship between ANS control of the cardiovascular system and metabolic syndrome. We analyzed the relationship with both short-term and long-term heart rate variability (HRV) and metabolic syndrome in the cross-sectional PROgnostic indicator OF cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (PROOF) cohort study of 1,011 elderly subjects recruited amongst the inhabitants of the city of Saint Etienne, France, aged 65.6 ± 0.8 years at the inclusion date. Physical examination included measurements of height, weight, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference, and biological parameters. HRV variables were measured over 5-min, nighttime, and 24-h periods using Holter monitoring. After adjustment for current type 2 diabetes, depression, and smoking, we found that metabolic syndrome status, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and waist circumference were significantly (p cardiovascular system was more pronounced when evaluated by long-term than short-term HRV recordings, particularly in women.

  3. Response to [90Yttrium-DOTA]-TOC treatment is associated with long-term survival benefit in metastasized medullary thyroid cancer: a phase II clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iten, Fabienne; Müller, Beat; Schindler, Christian; Rochlitz, Christoph; Oertli, Daniel; Mäcke, Helmut R; Müller-Brand, Jan; Walter, Martin A

    2007-11-15

    We aimed to explore the efficacy of (90)Yttrium-1,4,7,10-tetra-azacyclododecane N,N',N'',N-'''-tetraacetic acid ((90)Y-DOTA)-Tyr(3)-octreotide (TOC) therapy in advanced medullary thyroid cancer. In a phase II trial, we investigated the response, survival, and long-term safety profile of systemic [(90)Y-DOTA]-TOC treatment in metastasized medullary thyroid cancer. Adverse events were assessed according to the criteria of the National Cancer Institute. Survival analyses were done using multiple regression models. Thirty-one patients were enrolled. A median cumulative activity of 12.6 GBq (range, 1.7-29.6 GBq) of [(90)Y-DOTA]-TOC was administered. Response was found in nine patients (29.0%). Four patients (12.9%) developed hematologic toxicities and seven patients (22.6%) developed renal toxicities. Response to treatment was associated with longer survival from time of diagnosis (hazard ratio, 0.20; 95% confidence interval, 0.05-0.81; P = 0.02) and from time of first [(90)Y-DOTA]-TOC therapy (hazard ratio, 0.16; 95% confidence interval, 0.04-0.63; P = 0.009). The visual grade of scintigraphic tumor uptake was not associated with treatment response or survival. Response to [(90)Y-DOTA]-TOC therapy in metastasized medullary thyroid cancer is associated with a long-term survival benefit. Treatment should be considered independently from the result of the pretherapeutic scintigraphy.

  4. Aspectos clínicos da demência senil em instituições asilares Clinical aspectcs of the senile dementia in long-term care facilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milton Luiz Gorzoni

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Pacientes com demência senil necessitam de institucionalização com freqüência. Isto se deve ao progressivo aumento de dependência física e mental de seus portadores. O presente artigo revisa peculiaridades quanto a manifestações e evoluções em quadros de infecções, desnutrição, incontinência urinária, distúrbios do comportamento e imobilidade. São asilados que exigem avaliações e atenções permanentes de equipe multidisciplinar e especializada nesse tipo de assistência.Elderly patients with senile dementia often need long-term, professional care in institutions. This is due to the progressive increase in the physical and mental dependence that these patients present. The present article reviews peculiarities as to the manifestations and evolutions in conditions such as infections, malnutrition, urinary incontinence, behavioral disorders and immobitility. Individuals are placed in long-term care facilities that require permanent evaluation and attention from the multi-disciplinary team specialized in this type of care.

  5. Longitudinal relationship between depressive symptoms and work outcomes in clinically treated patients with long-term sickness absence related to major depressive disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hees, Hiske L; Koeter, Maarten W J; Schene, Aart H

    2013-06-01

    Major depressive disorder (MDD) negatively affects a wide range of work outcomes (absenteeism, work productivity, work limitations). However, the exact longitudinal relationship between depressive symptoms and work outcomes in MDD patients with long-term sickness absence is still unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the temporal and directional relationship between depressive symptoms and various work outcomes in these patients. Patients (n = 117) were diagnosed with MDD according to DSM-IV criteria, had a median duration of MDD-related sickness absence of 4.8 months (IQR = 2.6-10.1 months) at baseline, and were referred by occupational physicians. All patients received outpatient treatment for their MDD. Depressive symptoms and work outcomes were examined during baseline, and 6-, 12- and 18-month follow-ups. Within-subject changes in the severity of depressive symptoms were significantly related to within-subject changes in all work outcomes (all scales: p depressive symptoms predicted subsequent improvements in all work outcomes (all scales: p work limitations predicted a subsequent reduction in depressive symptoms. All work outcomes were assessed through self-report. Work limitations at the start of absenteeism were retrospectively assessed. Symptom reduction remains crucial for improving adverse work outcomes in MDD patients with long-term sickness absence. In addition, a treatment focus on qualitative functioning in the workplace may accelerate depression recovery. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Radio frequency ablation versus partial nephrectomy for clinical T1b renal cell carcinoma: long-term clinical and oncologic outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Fan; Liu, Tieshi; Ji, Changwei; Zhao, Xiaozhi; Yang, Rong; Yan, Xiang; Wang, Wei; Guo, Hongqian

    2015-02-01

    We compared outcomes in patients treated with radio frequency ablation or partial nephrectomy for clinical cT1b renal cell carcinoma. We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients who underwent radio frequency ablation or nephrectomy between February 2006 and December 2010. Radiographic followup with contrast imaging was performed 7 days, 3 and 6 months, and every 6 months thereafter after radio frequency ablation sequentially. The followup protocol for partial nephrectomy was every 6 months in the initial 3 years and annually thereafter. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to generate survival curves, which were compared with the log rank test. Multivariable regression analysis was done to determine predictors of survival. A total of 56 patients who met selection criteria were included in study. Patients in the radio frequency ablation group had relatively higher mean age and a higher mean ASA® score than those in the partial nephrectomy group. Mean tumor diameter was significantly larger in the partial nephrectomy cohort. For radio frequency ablation vs partial nephrectomy 5-year overall, cancer specific and disease-free survival was 85.5% (95% CI 72.2-98.8) vs 96.6% (95% CI 95.9-97.3), 92.6% (95% CI 82.4-98.1) vs 96.6% (95% CI 95.9-97.3) and 81.0% (95% CI 66.2-95.8) vs 89.7% (95% CI 78.5-97.9), respectively. The percent decrease in the glomerular filtration rate was significantly lower in the radio frequency ablation group at early and last followup. In appropriately selected patients with stage cT1b renal cell carcinoma radio frequency ablation is an effective treatment option that provides 5-year overall, cancer specific and disease-free survival comparable to that of partial nephrectomy as well as better renal function preservation than partial nephrectomy. Copyright © 2015 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Long-term data archiving

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, David Steven [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    Long term data archiving has much value for chemists, not only to retain access to research and product development records, but also to enable new developments and new discoveries. There are some recent regulatory requirements (e.g., FDA 21 CFR Part 11), but good science and good business both benefit regardless. A particular example of the benefits of and need for long term data archiving is the management of data from spectroscopic laboratory instruments. The sheer amount of spectroscopic data is increasing at a scary rate, and the pressures to archive come from the expense to create the data (or recreate it if it is lost) as well as its high information content. The goal of long-term data archiving is to save and organize instrument data files as well as any needed meta data (such as sample ID, LIMS information, operator, date, time, instrument conditions, sample type, excitation details, environmental parameters, etc.). This editorial explores the issues involved in long-term data archiving using the example of Raman spectral databases. There are at present several such databases, including common data format libraries and proprietary libraries. However, such databases and libraries should ultimately satisfy stringent criteria for long term data archiving, including readability for long times into the future, robustness to changes in computer hardware and operating systems, and use of public domain data formats. The latter criterion implies the data format should be platform independent and the tools to create the data format should be easily and publicly obtainable or developable. Several examples of attempts at spectral libraries exist, such as the ASTM ANDI format, and the JCAMP-DX format. On the other hand, proprietary library spectra can be exchanged and manipulated using proprietary tools. As the above examples have deficiencies according to the three long term data archiving criteria, Extensible Markup Language (XML; a product of the World Wide Web

  8. Prospective comparison of short- and long-term effects of pelvic floor exercise/biofeedback training in patients with fecal incontinence after surgery plus irradiation versus surgery alone for colorectal cancer: clinical, functional and endoscopic/endosonographic findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allgayer, Hubert; Dietrich, Christoph F; Rohde, Wolfgang; Koch, Günther F; Tuschhoff, Thomas

    2005-10-01

    The influence of irradiation on the clinical severity of incontinence, sphincter function, morphologic features and short/long-term treatment effects of sphincter training therapy is still insufficiently understood in irradiated patients with fecal incontinence after surgery for colorectal cancer. These parameters were compared in irradiated and non-irradiated patients and followed prospectively with regard to short- and long-term training effects. Forty-one patients having been irradiated after surgery (50.0+/-5.0 Gy) and 54 non-irradiated patients with fecal incontinence participated in this prospective, non-randomized trial. Baseline evaluation included a semiquantitative severity assessment score of fecal incontinence (modified Cleveland Incontinence Score (MCIS)), rectal manometry and endoscopy. After 3 weeks (short term) of intensive in-hospital pelvic floor exercise combined with biofeedback training, a second evaluation was made. In addition, anal endosonography (EUS) was performed in cases of treatment failure. After one year (long term) a third evaluation was made clinically (MCIS score). Irradiated patients presented with a significantly higher degree of fecal incontinence (lower MCIS) compared to non-irradiated patients: 7.4+/-2.2 versus 8.7+/-2.7 points (pterm training effect was observed in both groups following sphincter training therapy in terms of an increase in MCIS from 7.4+/-2.2 to 9.4+/-2.7 points in the irradiated group and from 8.7+/-2.7 to 11.4+/-2.5 points in the non-irradiated group (plong-term MCIS. In patients with short-term treatment failure (16.6%) anal EUS revealed structural defects of the external sphincter in four patients. There was no association of sphincter diameter with sphincter pressure, sensation/pain threshold and short/long-term MCIS. The main result of this study is that irradiated patients show short- and long-term training effects comparable with those of non-irradiated patients despite the higher degree of

  9. Long-term storage of clinical samples in CyMol® medium for PNA- FISH® and culturing from the eSwab™ system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lone Heimann; Xu, Yijuan; Pedersen, Malene Schibler

    comparable to the isolates obtained by culturing at the time of sampling. The detection limit for both FISH and PNA-FISH® were >10^3 bacteria/mL. With the eSwab™ system we were able to detect a broad range of bacteria including Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp., Enterococcus spp., and Corynebacterium...... spp. by culture and 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Conclusion: It is possible to preserve samples for FISH and PNA-FISH® for long-term storage by using CyMol® with an effective detection limit in the order of >10^3 bacteria/mL. Both the morphology and intensity of staining with nucleic acid...

  10. Clinical characteristics, left and right ventricular ejection fraction, and long-term prognosis in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes surviving an acute myocardial infarction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melchior, T; Gadsbøll, N; Hildebrandt, P

    1996-01-01

    compared with non-diabetic patients independent of left ventricular ejection fraction. Univariate analysis showed that the cumulative 5-year mortality rate was 53% in the group with diabetes compared with 43% in the non-diabetic group (p = 0.007). Using multivariate regression analysis presence of diabetes...... survivors of acute myocardial infarction, 47 of whom had Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. None of the patients were treated with insulin. The prevalence of congestive heart failure during hospitalization was similar in patients with and without diabetes, although mean diuretic dose......Patients with diabetes mellitus have a high morbidity and mortality from acute myocardial infarction, the reason for which is not fully understood. The relationship between congestive heart failure symptoms, left ventricular ejection fraction, and long-term mortality was examined in 578 hospital...

  11. Long term reference change value of creatinine in HIV-positive patients with anti-retroviral therapy: A new tool in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badiou, S; Cournil, A; Toubal, S; Bargnoux, A S; Dupuy, A M; Fernandez, C; Peyriere, H; Reynes, J; Cristol, J P

    2015-06-01

    The use of reference change value (RCV) instead of reference interval emerged as an alternative approach for longitudinal interpretation of biological marker. Follow-up of creatinine variation in HIV-positive adults remains a challenge in order to prevent renal complications. To determine the long term RCV of creatinine in HIV-positive adults receiving anti-retroviral therapy (ART) according to the use of tenofovir or ritonavir. Longitudinal study of 24 months that include 124 HIV-positive patients followed in HIV outpatient unit. Plasma creatinine was measured at 0, 6, 12 and 24 months in order to calculate the RCV. In the whole group, a 24-month RCV of creatinine was 22.5%. Whatever the ART, the index of individuality was serial creatinine results in HIV-positive adults. RCV of creatinine under ART was around 20% but reached 28% in case of association of tenofovir and ritonavir. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  12. Prospective clinical study on long-term swallowing function and voice quality in advanced head and neck cancer patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy and preventive swallowing exercises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraaijenga, Sophie A C; van der Molen, Lisette; Jacobi, Irene; Hamming-Vrieze, Olga; Hilgers, Frans J M; van den Brekel, Michiel W M

    2015-11-01

    Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for advanced head and neck cancer (HNC) is associated with substantial early and late side effects, most notably regarding swallowing function, but also regarding voice quality and quality of life (QoL). Despite increased awareness/knowledge on acute dysphagia in HNC survivors, long-term (i.e., beyond 5 years) prospectively collected data on objective and subjective treatment-induced functional outcomes (and their impact on QoL) still are scarce. The objective of this study was the assessment of long-term CCRT-induced results on swallowing function and voice quality in advanced HNC patients. The study was conducted as a randomized controlled trial on preventive swallowing rehabilitation (2006-2008) in a tertiary comprehensive HNC center with twenty-two disease-free and evaluable HNC patients as participants. Multidimensional assessment of functional sequels was performed with videofluoroscopy, mouth opening measurements, Functional Oral Intake Scale, acoustic voice parameters, and (study specific, SWAL-QoL, and VHI) questionnaires. Outcome measures at 6 years post-treatment were compared with results at baseline and at 2 years post-treatment. At a mean follow-up of 6.1 years most initial tumor-, and treatment-related problems remained similarly low to those observed after 2 years follow-up, except increased xerostomia (68%) and increased (mild) pain (32%). Acoustic voice analysis showed less voicedness, increased fundamental frequency, and more vocal effort for the tumors located below the hyoid bone (n = 12), without recovery to baseline values. Patients' subjective vocal function (VHI score) was good. Functional swallowing and voice problems at 6 years post-treatment are minimal in this patient cohort, originating from preventive and continued post-treatment rehabilitation programs.

  13. Demographics and Clinical Features of Postresuscitation Comorbidities in Long-Term Survivors of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A National Follow-Up Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Pei Su

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The outcome of patients suffering from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA is very poor, and postresuscitation comorbidities increase long-term mortality. This study aims to analyze new-onset postresuscitation comorbidities in patients who survived from OHCA for over one year. The Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI Database was used in this study. Study and comparison groups were created to analyze the risk of suffering from new-onset postresuscitation comorbidities from 2011 to 2012 (until December 31, 2013. The study group included 1,346 long-term OHCA survivors; the comparison group consisted of 4,038 matched non-OHCA patients. Demographics, patient characteristics, and risk of suffering comorbidities (using Cox proportional hazards models were analyzed. We found that urinary tract infections (n=225, 16.72%, pneumonia (n=206, 15.30%, septicemia (n=184, 13.67%, heart failure (n=111, 8.25% gastrointestinal hemorrhage (n=108, 8.02%, epilepsy or recurrent seizures (n=98, 7.28%, and chronic kidney disease (n=62, 4.61% were the most common comorbidities. Furthermore, OHCA survivors were at much higher risk (than comparison patients of experiencing epilepsy or recurrent seizures (HR = 20.83; 95% CI: 12.24–35.43, septicemia (HR = 8.98; 95% CI: 6.84–11.79, pneumonia (HR = 5.82; 95% CI: 4.66–7.26, and heart failure (HR = 4.88; 95% CI: 3.65–6.53. Most importantly, most comorbidities occurred within the first half year after OHCA.

  14. Influence of Blood Pressure and Other Clinical Variables on Long-Term Mortality in a Cohort of Elderly Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tessier, Daniel M; Meneilly, Graydon S; Moleski, Luc; Trottier, Lise; Lanthier, Luc

    2016-02-01

    Diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure (HBP) are commonly associated conditions in the elderly population. An effect of treatments, biologic and anthropometric variables on long-term mortality is unknown in this population. To determine the prevalence of HBP control in a sample of elderly patients with type 2 diabetes with office blood pressure (BP) readings and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and evaluate the influence of BP, anthropometric and laboratory variables on long term mortality. Cohort study in patients living at home in the area of Sherbrooke, ≥65 years old, receiving reimbursement for antidiabetic medication. The study included medical history, 2 sets of BP measurements, 2 24-hour urinary collections for microalbuminuria, 1 24-hour ABPM, blood level of creatinine and glycosylated hemoglobin. Charts were reanalyzed 8 years later for analysis of cardiovascular and total mortality cases. 198 patients were initially recruited. By history, 83% of the subjects had diagnoses and treatments for high blood pressure. In multivariate analysis, factors associated with an 8-year increased risk for cardiovascular mortality were creatinine ≥84 µmol/L, office seated systolic blood pressure ≤130 and diastolic BP ≤67.6 over 24 hours. Factors associated with total mortality were lower waist circumference, serum creatinine ≥84 and diastolic BP ≤67.6 over 24 hours. Lower systolic and diastolic BP (office and ABPM), lower waist circumference and higher creatinine values are associated with an increased mortality risk. This suggests that a lower BP, declining kidney function and frailty are factors associated with this observation. Copyright © 2015 Canadian Diabetes Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Circumferential Trabeculotomy Versus Conventional Angle Surgery: Comparing Long-term Surgical Success and Clinical Outcomes in Children With Primary Congenital Glaucoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neustein, Rebecca F; Beck, Allen D

    2017-11-01

    This study compares the long-term efficacy of circumferential trabeculotomy to that of conventional angle surgeries in primary congenital glaucoma (PCG), as judged by glaucoma and visual outcomes. Retrospective observational case series. Setting: Emory Eye Center, Atlanta, Georgia. This was a single-institution retrospective study involving children with PCG who underwent circumferential trabeculotomy, standard trabeculotomy, or goniotomy with ≥2-year follow-up. Postoperative success (intraocular pressure [IOP] glaucoma medications, without glaucoma progression/additional IOP-lowering surgery), Snellen-equivalent visual acuity (VA), and IOP at last follow-up. Kaplan-Meier method estimated the probability of glaucoma control vs time postoperatively, and values were compared between angle surgery cohorts using Wilcoxon signed rank tests, Mann-Whitney U tests, and Fisher exact tests. Included were 58 eyes (33 children) after circumferential trabeculotomy and 42 eyes (27 children) after standard trabeculotomy/goniotomy, with mean follow-up of 7.2 ± 4.0 and 8.2 ± 4.5 years, respectively. Postoperative success at last follow-up in the circumferential vs conventional cohorts was 81% (47 of 58 eyes) vs 31% (13 of 42 eyes) (P glaucoma medications (0.55 ± 1.2 vs 1.61 ± 1.51, P < .0001), had lower IOP in first operated eye (15.2 ± 3.6 vs 18.2 ± 7.0, P = .048), and had comparable incidence of devastating complications (P = .065). In this retrospective study, circumferential trabeculotomy afforded better long-term success and visual outcomes than conventional angle surgery for children with PCG. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Perinatal respiratory infections and long term consequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Indinnimeo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV is the most important pathogen in the etiology of respiratory infections in early life. 50% of children are affected by RSV within the first year of age, and almost all children become infected within two years. Numerous retrospective and prospective studies linking RSV and chronic respiratory morbidity show that RSV bronchiolitis in infancy is followed by recurrent wheezing after the acute episod. According to some authors a greater risk of wheezing in children with a history of RSV bronchiolitis would be limited to childhood, while according to others this risk would be extended into adolescence and adulthood. To explain the relationship between RSV infection and the development of bronchial asthma or the clinical pathogenetic patterns related to a state of bronchial hyperreactivity, it has been suggested that RSV may cause alterations in the response of the immune system (immunogenic hypothesis, activating directly mast cells and basophils and changing the pattern of differentiation of immune cells present in the bronchial tree as receptors and inflammatory cytokines. It was also suggested that RSV infection can cause bronchial hyperreactivity altering nervous airway modulation, acting on nerve fibers present in the airways (neurogenic hypothesis.The benefits of passive immunoprophylaxis with palivizumab, which seems to represent an effective approach in reducing the sequelae of RSV infection in the short- and long-term period, strengthen the implementation of prevention programs with this drug, as recommended by the national guidelines of the Italian Society of Neonatology. Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Neonatology and Satellite Meetings · Cagliari (Italy · October 26th-31st, 2015 · From the womb to the adultGuest Editors: Vassilios Fanos (Cagliari, Italy, Michele Mussap (Genoa, Italy, Antonio Del Vecchio (Bari, Italy, Bo Sun (Shanghai, China, Dorret I. Boomsma (Amsterdam, the

  17. Long-term hematological reconstitution and clinical evaluation of autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation after cryopreservation of cells with 5% and 10% dimethylsulfoxide at -80 degrees C in a mechanical freezer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galmes, Antonio; Gutiérrez, Antonio; Sampol, Antonia; Canaro, Mariana; Morey, Miguel; Iglesias, Julio; Matamoros, Nuria; Duran, María Antonia; Novo, Andrés; Bea, María Dolores; Galán, Pilar; Balansat, Josep; Martínez, Jordi; Bargay, Joan; Besalduch, Joan

    2007-07-01

    We report the long-term evaluation over 12 years of a simplified technique for stem-cell cryopreservation at -80 degrees C without rate-controlled freezing and with 5% (n=251) or 10% (n=47) DMSO as the sole cryoprotectant. Platelet recovery was greater in the 5% DMSO group while long-term hematological recovery did not differ. Factors influencing a faster hematological recovery were infusion of more than 2.7x10(6)/Kg of CD34+ cells, 10% DMSO cryopreservation and G-CSF. We confirm that the procedure is feasible with reduction in infusion-related toxicity from 60% using 5% DMSO. Differences in hematological reconstitution were not clinically significant if a minimum of 1.5x10(6)/Kg CD34+-cells were infused.

  18. Long-term prevention of diabetic nephropathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjoedt, K J; Hansen, H P; Tarnow, L

    2008-01-01

    . Glycaemic control and blood pressure remained nearly unchanged. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: In our outpatient clinic, the implementation of RAAS-blocking treatment in type 1 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria successfully reduced long-term progression to overt DN to a rate similar to those previously......AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: In type 1 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria not receiving antihypertensive treatment, an increase in urinary AER (UAER) of 6-14%/year and a risk of developing diabetic nephropathy (DN) of 3-30%/year have been reported. We audited the long-term effect of blocking the renin......-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) with an ACE inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) in microalbuminuric type 1 diabetic patients on progression of microalbuminuria and development of DN. METHODS: All patients with type 1 diabetes and persistent microalbuminuria (30-300 mg/24 h) were identified (n=227...

  19. Long-term follow-up of obstetric studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teune, M.J.

    2013-01-01

    This thesis focuses on long-term child follow-up after obstetric studies. Obstetric randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) are performed to evaluate the effectiveness of perinatal interventions. However, most often only short-term outcomes are reported, while long-term outcomes are just as

  20. Evolution of myocardial perfusion during primary angioplasty in spontaneously reperfused infarct-related artery: impact on long-term clinical outcomes and left ventricular function recovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalewski, Jaroslaw; Nycz, Krzysztof; Przewlocki, Tadeusz; Durak, Monika; Cul, Michal; Zajdel, Wojciech; Zmudka, Krzysztof

    2011-02-17

    TIMI myocardial perfusion grade (TMPG) reflects the integrity of microvasculature in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to investigate whether TMPG evolution during primary angioplasty (pPCI) in spontaneously reperfused STEMI patients might predict long-term outcomes. 392 patients with TIMI-3 flow before pPCI were analyzed. According to pre- and post-pPCI TMPG four reperfusion patterns were created: A. TMPG deterioration from grade 2/3 to 0/1 after pPCI (n = 55, 14.0%), B. TMPG-0/1 before and after pPCI (n = 111, 28.3%), C. TMPG improvement from grade 0/1 to 2/3 (n = 52, 13.3%), D. TMPG-2/3 before and after pPCI (n = 174, 44.4%). 30-day and 1-year mortality and heart failure requiring hospitalization (HF-hosp) were recorded. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was measured at first day (1D) and after 6 months (6M). 1D-LVEF was similar in A-D groups. After 6M, LVEF improved in pattern D (7.5 ± 5.4%, p<0.01) and C (3.7 ± 3.4%, p < 0.05), deteriorated in pattern A (5.2 ± 3.9%, p<0.01) and did not change in pattern B. 6M-LVEF increased (p < 0.001) and frequency of 1-year HF-hosp decreased (p < 0.001) in stepwise fashion among A-D patterns. A 30-day mortality rate for A-D patterns was 9.1%, 2.7%, 1.9% and 0%, respectively (p < 0.001). 1-year mortality was 16.3%, 7.2%, 5.8% and 0.6%, respectively (p < 0.001). By multivariate analysis (c-index = 0.79), TMPG evolution was independent predictor of 1-year mortality (HR = 2.5, 95%CI 1.3-4.0, p = 0.006). Maintaining TMPG-2/3 or improving TMPG-0/1 through pPCI in STEMI implies LV function recovery and good long-term survival. In contrast, substantial deterioration of TMPG is associated with lack of LV function recovery, and the highest mortality rate. Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Spontaneous Spinal Arthrodesis in Stand-Alone Percutaneous Pedicle Screw Fixation Without in Situ Fusion in Patients With Lumbar Segmental Instability: Long-Term Clinical, Radiologic, and Functional Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gazzeri, Roberto; Panagiotopoulos, Konstantinos; Princiotto, Santino; Agrillo, Umberto

    2018-02-01

    No study to date has established how commonly spontaneous fusion occurs after stand-alone percutaneous pedicle screw fixation in adult population. In this retrospective single-center study, we investigated the effectiveness, long-term solidity and safety of stand-alone percutaneous pedicle screw fixation without in situ fusion and the influence of presence or absence of fusion on the clinical outcome of patients with low-grade lumbar segmental instability. Eighty-eight patients with symptomatic low-grade spondylolisthesis were treated with posterior stand-alone percutaneous pedicle screw fixation without bone graft. Radiographic evaluation was used to determine if spontaneous fusion or absence of fusion was present. The solid fusion and absence of fusion groups were analyzed clinically (visual analog scale and Oswestry Disability Index) and with a validated self-administered questionnaire. The average duration of follow-up was 70.5 months (range, 48-120 months). Radiologic signs of spontaneous fusion were present in 45.5% of the cohort and absent in 54.5%. Clinical outcome was excellent to good in 73.8% of the cohort (in 70.9% of cases with spontaneous fusion and in 67.5% of cases with absence of fusion). No significant differences in visual analog scale scores for residual back and lower limb pain between the 2 groups were seen at the final follow-up. At the final follow-up, 5 of 88 patients (5.6%) underwent revision surgery. Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation offers several advantages that help minimize approach-related morbidity, while achieving similar clinical outcome as seen with more traditional invasive procedures. A solid fixation without bone graft provides long-term clinical benefits. In our patients, the appearance of a spontaneous solid fusion and the absence of fusion after stand-alone pedicle screw fixation were correlated with similar improved clinical outcomes at long-term follow-up. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Elements Explaining Learning Clinical Reasoning Using Simulation Games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaana-Maija Koivisto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the findings on which elements in a game-based simulation affect learning clinical reasoning in nursing education. By using engaging gaming elements in virtual simulations and integrating the clinical reasoning process into game mechanics, games can enhance learning clinical reasoning and offer meaningful learning experiences. The study was designed to explore how nursing students experience gaming and learning when playing a simulation game, as well as which gaming elements explain learning clinical reasoning. The data was collected by questionnaire from nursing students (N = 166 in autumn 2014 over thirteen gaming sessions. The findings showed that usability, application of nursing knowledge, and exploration have the most impact on learning clinical reasoning when playing simulation games. Findings also revealed that authentic patient-related experiences, feedback, and reflection have an indirect effect on learning clinical reasoning. Based on these results, more efficient simulation games to improve clinical reasoning may be developed.   

  3. Long-term Course of Alzheimer Disease in Patients Treated According to the Dutch Dementia Guideline at a Memory Clinic: A "Real-Life" Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Droogsma, Erika; van Asselt, Dieneke; van Steijn, Jolanda; Diekhuis, Marjolein; Veeger, Nic; De Deyn, Peter P

    2016-01-01

    There is little knowledge of the long-term course of Alzheimer disease (AD) in light of current pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions provided in a "real-life" setting. The Frisian Alzheimer's Disease Cohort study is a "real-life" study of the course of AD in patients (n=576) treated with pharmacological (ie, cholinesterase inhibitors) and nonpharmacological (ie, case management, respite care) interventions. Disease course was described by changes in cognition (Mini Mental State Examination, clock-drawing test) and number of types of professional care applying a repeated-measures analysis using a marginal model (population-based average model). In addition, behavioral and psychological symptoms, and proportions of nursing home admissions and deaths were investigated. During 3.5 years, the average Mini Mental State Examination decreased from 22.24 to 18.91, the clock-drawing test score increased from 3.38 to 4.05, the number of types of professional care increased from 0.85 to 2.64, and the patients with behavioral and psychological symptoms increased from 29.0% to 70.2%. The proportion of patients admitted to a nursing home was 40.8% and 41.0% died. Cognition and behaviour of AD patients deteriorated accompanied with an increase in care-dependency during 3.5 years. Nevertheless, compared with the precholinesterase inhibitor era, current pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions appear to slow cognitive decline, which emphasizes that they seem to have a favorable effect.

  4. Short- and long-term clinical outcomes following a standardized protocol of orthopedic manual physical therapy and exercise in individuals with osteoarthritis of the hip: a case series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hando, Ben R; Gill, Norman W; Walker, Michael J; Garber, Mathew

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: Describe short- and long-term outcomes observed in individuals with hip osteoarthritis (OA) treated with a pre-selected, standardized set of best-evidence manual therapy and therapeutic exercise interventions. Methods: Fifteen consecutive subjects (9 males, 6 females; mean age: 52±7.5 years) with unilateral hip OA received an identical protocol of manual therapy and therapeutic exercise interventions. Subjects attended 10 treatment sessions over an 8-week period for manual therapy interventions and performed the therapeutic exercise as a home program. Results: Baseline to 8-week follow-up outcomes were as follows: Harris Hip Scale (HHS) scores improved from 60.3(±10.4) to 80.7(±10.5), Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) scores improved from 4.3(±1.9) to 2.0(±1.9), hip flexion range of motion (ROM) improved from 99 degrees (±10.6) to 127 degrees (±6.3) and hip internal rotation ROM improved from 19 degrees (±9.1) to 31 degrees (±11.5). Improvements in HHS, NPRS, and hip ROM measures reached statistical significance (Ptreatment protocol were similar to those observed in previous studies involving impairment-based manual therapy and therapeutic exercise for hip OA. Future studies might directly compare the two approaches. Discussion: PMID:24179327

  5. Increased healthcare utilization costs following initiation of insulin treatment in type 2 diabetes: A long-term follow-up in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalkan, Almina; Bodegard, Johan; Sundström, Johan; Svennblad, Bodil; Östgren, Carl Johan; Nilsson, Peter Nilsson; Johansson, Gunnar; Ekman, Mattias

    2017-04-01

    To compare long-term changes in healthcare utilization and costs for type 2 diabetes patients before and after insulin initiation, as well as healthcare costs after insulin versus non-insulin anti-diabetic (NIAD) initiation. Patients newly initiated on insulin (n=2823) were identified in primary health care records from 84 Swedish primary care centers, between 1999 to 2009. First, healthcare costs per patient were evaluated for primary care, hospitalizations and secondary outpatient care, before and up to seven years after insulin initiation. Second, patients prescribed insulin in second line were matched to patients prescribed NIAD in second line, and the healthcare costs of the matched groups were compared. The total mean annual healthcare cost increased from €1656 per patient 2 years before insulin initiation to €3814 seven years after insulin initiation. The total cumulative mean healthcare cost per patient at year 5 after second-line treatment was €13,823 in the insulin group compared to €9989 in the NIAD group. Initiation of insulin in type 2 diabetes patients was followed by increased healthcare costs. The increases in costs were larger than those seen in a matched patient population initiated on NIAD treatment in second-line. Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  6. Long-term failure rate of brackets bonded with plasma and high-intensity light-emitting diode curing lights:a clinical assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandis, Nikolaos; Strigou, Sophia; Eliades, Theodore

    2007-07-01

    To comparatively assess the long-term failure rate of brackets bonded with a plasma or a high-intensity light-emitting diode (LED) curing light. Twenty-five patients with complete permanent dentitions with similar treatment planning and mechanotherapy were selected for the study. Brackets were bonded according to a split-mouth design with the 3M Ortholite Plasma or the high-power Satelec mini LED Ortho curing light. Irradiation with the two curing lights was performed for 9 seconds at an alternate quadrant sequence so that the bonded brackets cured with either light were equally distributed on the maxillary and mandibular right and left quadrants. First-time bracket failures were recorded for a mean period of 15 months (range 13-18 months) and the results were analyzed with the chi-square test and binary logistic regression. The failure rate for brackets was 2.8% for the plasma light and 6.7% for the LED light source. Although significantly more failures were found for the mandibular arch, no difference was identified in failure rate between anterior and posterior teeth. High-intensity LED curing lights present a 2.5 times higher failure rate relative to plasma lamps for nominally identical irradiation time. Mandibular teeth show almost 150% higher failure incidence compared with maxillary teeth. No effect from the arch side (right vs left) and location (anterior vs posterior) was identified in this study.

  7. Allergen-specific immunotherapy provides immediate, long-term and preventive clinical effects in children and adults: the effects of immunotherapy can be categorised by level of benefit -the centenary of allergen specific subcutaneous immunotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacobsen Lars

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Allergen Specific Immunotherapy (SIT for respiratory allergic diseases is able to significantly improve symptoms as well as reduce the need for symptomatic medication, but SIT also has the capacity for long-term clinical effects and plays a protective role against the development of further allergies and symptoms. The treatment acts on basic immunological mechanisms, and has the potential to change the pathological allergic immune response. In this paper we discuss some of the most important achievements in the documentation of the benefits of immunotherapy, over the last 2 decades, which have marked a period of extensive research on the clinical effects and immunological background of the mechanisms involved. The outcome of immunotherapy is described as different levels of benefit from early reduction in symptoms over progressive clinical effects during treatment to long-term effects after discontinuation of the treatment and prevention of asthma. The efficacy of SIT increases the longer it is continued and immunological changes lead to potential long-term benefits. SIT alone and not the symptomatic treatment nor other avoidance measures has so far been documented as the therapy with long-term or preventive potential. The allergic condition is driven by a subset of T-helper lymphocytes (Th2, which are characterised by the production of cytokines like IL-4, and IL-5. Immunological changes following SIT lead to potential curative effects. One mechanism whereby immunotherapy suppresses the allergic response is through increased production of IgG4 antibodies. Induction of specific IgG4 is able to influence the allergic response in different ways and is related to immunological effector mechanisms, also responsible for the reduced late phase hyperreactivity and ongoing allergic inflammation. SIT is the only treatment which interferes with the basic pathophysiological mechanisms of the allergic disease, thereby creating the potential for

  8. Long-Term Clinical and Histological Effects of a Bipolar Fractional Radiofrequency System in the Treatment of Facial Atrophic Acne Scars and Acne Vulgaris in Japanese Patients: A Series of Eight Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaminaka, Chikako; Furukawa, Fukumi; Yamamoto, Yuki

    2016-12-01

    This retrospective case series was designed to compare the long-term safety and efficacy of bipolar fractional radiofrequency (FRF) therapy as a treatment for atrophic acne scars (ASs) and acne vulgaris. Few clinical and histological studies have examined the long-term utility of bipolar FRF therapy as a treatment for ASs and acne in people with darker skin. Eight Japanese patients with ASs and mild-to-severe acne on both cheeks were treated with a bipolar FRF system (eMatrix; Syneron). Five treatment sessions with the same settings (coverage rate: 10%; peak energy: 62 mJ/pin; two passes) were carried out at 1-month intervals, and the patients were followed up for at least 1 year after the final treatment. Assessments of ASs and acne severity were performed and samples were removed for histological examination. We demonstrated that mild ASs responded better than moderate and severe ASs, and at least 50% improvement in scar severity was seen in 50% of patients after the final treatment. Six patients remained disease free at 1.5 years without the use of any additional therapies. The biopsy specimens showed a marked improvement characterized by a decrease in dermal pilosebaceous units and perivascular inflammatory cell infiltrates with an increase in elastin content and collagen deposition in the upper dermis. Bipolar FRF treatment showed long-term effectiveness against mild ASs and acne in Asian patients and had minimal side effects.

  9. Long term stability of power systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kundur, P.; Gao, B. [Powertech Labs. Inc., Surrey, BC (Canada)

    1994-12-31

    Power system long term stability is still a developing subject. In this paper we provide our perspectives and experiences related to long term stability. The paper begins with the description of the nature of the long term stability problem, followed by the discussion of issues related to the modeling and solution techniques of tools for long term stability analysis. Cases studies are presented to illustrate the voltage stability aspect and plant dynamics aspect of long term stability. (author) 20 refs., 11 figs.

  10. Long-term correlations in the surface behavior of dolphins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cancho, R. Ferrer i.; Lusseau, D.

    2006-06-01

    Here we study the sequences of surface behavioral patterns of dolphins (Tursiops sp.) and find long-term correlations. We show that the long-term correlations are not of a trivial nature, i.e. they cannot be explained by the repetition of the same surface behavior many times in a row. Our findings suggest that dolphins have a long collective memory extending back at least to the 7-th past behavior. As far as we know, this is the first evidence of long-term correlations in the behavior of a non-human species.

  11. Radiofrequency Ablation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma with a “Nodule-in-Nodule” Appearance: Long-Term Follow-up and Clinical Implications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Tae Wook; Rhim, Hyunchul, E-mail: rhimhc@skku.edu; Song, Kyoung Doo; Lee, Min Woo; Cha, Dong Ik [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center (Korea, Republic of); Ha, Sang Yun [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Samsung Medical Center (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Joong Hyun [Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Biostatics Team, Samsung Medical Center (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-03-15

    PurposeHepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with a “nodule-in-nodule” (NIN) appearance has unique histological characteristics as an early HCC. We assessed long-term therapeutic outcomes of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in HCC patients considering this appearance.Materials and MethodsOur Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study, and the requirement for written informed consent was waived. Between May 2006 and April 2012, a total of 572 patients underwent RFA for single HCC as a first-line treatment. Patients were divided into a NIN HCC group (n = 22) and a non-NIN HCC group (n = 550), according to the NIN feature on pretreatment imaging studies. Local tumor progression (LTP) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared. Prognostic factors for LTP and DFS were assessed using a Cox proportional hazards model.ResultsThe cumulative LTP rates were 4.6 and 4.6% at 3 and 5 years, respectively, in the NIN HCC group, and 15.9 and 20.5% in the non-NIN HCC group, with borderline statistical significance (p = 0.085). The corresponding DFS rates were 53.8 and 37.7% in the NIN HCC group and 44.0 and 31.7% in the non-NIN HCC group, with no significant difference (p = 0.318). Although on multivariate analysis only tumor size was a significant prognostic factor for LTP, there was a trend bordering on the significance for the NIN feature [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.19; p = 0.099]. However, it was not a significant factor for DFS (HR = 0.18; p = 0.682).ConclusionsThe NIN appearance, a rare (4%, 22/550) but unique feature of early HCC, may be a favorable prognostic factor for RFA in terms of local tumor control.

  12. Radiofrequency Ablation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma with a "Nodule-in-Nodule" Appearance: Long-Term Follow-up and Clinical Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Tae Wook; Rhim, Hyunchul; Song, Kyoung Doo; Lee, Min Woo; Cha, Dong Ik; Ha, Sang Yun; Ahn, Joong Hyun

    2017-03-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with a "nodule-in-nodule" (NIN) appearance has unique histological characteristics as an early HCC. We assessed long-term therapeutic outcomes of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in HCC patients considering this appearance. Our Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study, and the requirement for written informed consent was waived. Between May 2006 and April 2012, a total of 572 patients underwent RFA for single HCC as a first-line treatment. Patients were divided into a NIN HCC group (n = 22) and a non-NIN HCC group (n = 550), according to the NIN feature on pretreatment imaging studies. Local tumor progression (LTP) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared. Prognostic factors for LTP and DFS were assessed using a Cox proportional hazards model. The cumulative LTP rates were 4.6 and 4.6% at 3 and 5 years, respectively, in the NIN HCC group, and 15.9 and 20.5% in the non-NIN HCC group, with borderline statistical significance (p = 0.085). The corresponding DFS rates were 53.8 and 37.7% in the NIN HCC group and 44.0 and 31.7% in the non-NIN HCC group, with no significant difference (p = 0.318). Although on multivariate analysis only tumor size was a significant prognostic factor for LTP, there was a trend bordering on the significance for the NIN feature [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.19; p = 0.099]. However, it was not a significant factor for DFS (HR = 0.18; p = 0.682). The NIN appearance, a rare (4%, 22/550) but unique feature of early HCC, may be a favorable prognostic factor for RFA in terms of local tumor control.

  13. [(90)Yttrium-DOTA]-TOC response is associated with survival benefit in iodine-refractory thyroid cancer: long-term results of a phase 2 clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iten, Fabienne; Muller, Beat; Schindler, Christian; Rasch, Helmut; Rochlitz, Christoph; Oertli, Daniel; Maecke, Helmut R; Muller-Brand, Jan; Walter, Martin A

    2009-05-15

    The authors aimed to explore the efficacy of (90)Yttrium-1,4,7,10-tetra-azacyclododecane N,N',N'',N'''-tetraacetic acid [(90)Y-DOTA]-Tyr(3)-octreotide (TOC) in advanced iodine-refractory thyroid cancer. In a phase 2 trial, the authors investigated biochemical response (assessed by serum thyroglobulin levels), survival, and the long-term safety profile of systemic [(90)Y-DOTA]-TOC treatment in metastasized iodine-refractory thyroid cancer. Adverse events were assessed according to the National Cancer Institute criteria. Survival analyses were performed by using multiple regression models. A total of 24 patients were enrolled. A median cumulative activity of 13.0 GBq (range, 1.7-30.3 GBq) was administered. Response was found in 7 (29.2%) patients. Eight (33.3%) patients developed hematologic toxicity grade 1-3, and 4 (16.7%) patients developed renal toxicity grade 1-4. The median survival was 33.4 months (range, 3.6-126.8 months) from time of diagnosis and 16.8 months (range, 1.8-99.1 months) from time of first [(90)Y-DOTA]-TOC treatment. Response to treatment was associated with longer survival from time of diagnosis (hazard ratio [HR], 0.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.03-0.92; P = .04) and from time of first [(90)Y-DOTA]-TOC therapy (HR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.04-0.94; P = .04). The visual grade of scintigraphic tumor uptake was not associated with treatment response (odds ratio [OR], 0.98; 95% CI, 0.26-3.14; P = 1.00). Response to [(90)Y-DOTA]-TOC in metastasized iodine-refractory thyroid cancer was associated with longer survival. Upcoming trials should aim to increase the number of treatment cycles.

  14. Why is disulfiram superior to acamprosate in the routine clinical setting? A retrospective long-term study in 353 alcohol-dependent patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diehl, Alexander; Ulmer, Lisa; Mutschler, Jochen; Herre, Hans; Krumm, Bertram; Croissant, Bernhard; Mann, Karl; Kiefer, Falk

    2010-01-01

    To compare the long-term effectiveness of acamprosate (ACP) and disulfiram (DSF) in the treatment of alcohol dependence and their effectiveness in regard to patient characteristics, within a naturalistic outpatient treatment setting. Retrospective data from 2002 to 2007 were analysed on 353 alcohol-dependent subjects in outpatient treatment, who, according to the patient's and the clinician's mutual decision, received either supervised DSF (with thrice-weekly appointments) or ACP (once-weekly appointments) following an inpatient alcohol detoxification treatment. Abstinence was assessed by alcohol breathalyzer, patients' self-report, urine and serum analyses, and overall physicians' rating. Baseline data in terms of current addictive behaviour and course of disease differed between groups to the disadvantage of the DSF group; compared to the ACP group, subjects treated with DSF showed a longer duration of alcohol dependence, higher amounts of daily alcohol consumption and more alcohol detoxification treatments in their history. In follow-up, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed significant differences between groups in the primary and secondary measures of outcome (P always alcohol relapse as well as attendance to outpatient treatment and cumulative alcohol abstinence achieved within outpatient treatment was explicitly longer in the DSF group. A longer duration of alcohol dependence predicted a favourable treatment outcome in the DSF group, while for the ACP group the chances for a successful treatment increased with shorter duration of alcohol dependence. This study supports the thesis that supervised DSF is an important component of alcoholism treatment, and it appears to be more effective than the treatment with ACP particularly in patients with a long duration of alcohol dependence.

  15. A demonstration study comparing "role-emergent" versus "role-established" pharmacy clinical placement experiences in long-term care facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassam, Rosemin; Kwong, Mona; Collins, John B

    2013-08-05

    Increasing challenges to recruit hospital sites with full-time on-site pharmacy preceptors for institutional-based Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) has made it necessary to consider alternate experiential models. Sites with on-site discipline specific preceptors to supervise students have typically been referred to in the literature as "role-established" sites. In British Columbia, long-term care (LTC) facilities offered a unique opportunity to address placement capacity issues. However, since the majority of these facilities are serviced by off-site community pharmacists, this study was undertaken to explore the viability of supervising pharmacy students remotely - a model referred to in the literature as "role-emergent" placements. This paper's objectives are to discuss pharmacy preceptors' and LTC non-pharmacist staff experiences with this model. The study consisted of three phases: (1) the development phase which included delivery of a training program to create a pool of potential LTC preceptors, (2) an evaluation phase to test the viability of the LTC role-emergent model with seven pharmacists (two role-established and five role-emergent) together with their LTC staff, and (3) expansion of LTC role-emergent sites to build capacity. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used to obtain feedback from pharmacists and staff and t-tests and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to examine equivalency of survey outcomes from staff representing both models. The 76 pharmacists who completed the training program survey rated the modules as "largely" meeting their learning needs. All five role-emergent pharmacists and 29 LTC participating staff reported positive experiences with the pharmacy preceptor-student-staff collaboration. Preceptors reported that having students work side-by-side with facility staff promoted inter-professional collaboration. The staff viewed students' presence as a mutually beneficial experience, suggesting that the students

  16. [Epidural spinal stimulation in the treatment of refractory angina pectoris. Its clinical efficacy, complications and long-term mortality. An Italian multicenter retrospective study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanò, M; Auriti, A; Cazzin, R; Chiarandà, G; Circo, A; De Luca, A; Di Pede, F; Fiume, D; Greco, S; Grieco, A; Mangiameli, S; Maritano, M; Mazzarino, F; Pinato, G; Raciti, S; Raviele, A; Santini, M; Zucco, F; Zuin, G

    2000-01-01

    Spinal cord stimulation has been used for many years in the treatment of refractory angina pectoris. Its anti-anginal and anti-ischemic effect has been well documented in several studies, but the long-term efficacy, safety and survival rate are not well known. The aim of this study was to carry out a retrospective analysis of a series of patients from the Italian Multicenter Registry, the data of which were collected in five centers, by means of a questionnaire. One hundred and thirty patients (83 males, 47 females, mean age 74.8 +/- 9.8 years) were submitted to spinal cord stimulator implantation for refractory angina pectoris in the period 1988-1995 and controlled during a mean follow-up of 31.4 +/- 25.9 months. A previous myocardial infarction had already occurred in 69.3% of patients, whereas in 67.6% multivessel coronary artery disease was documented. A left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction < 0.40) was present in 34% of patients; bypass surgery and coronary angioplasty were performed in 49.6% and in 27% of patients respectively. In 96.3% of cases revascularization procedures were not advisable. A complete follow-up of 116 patients (89.2%) was available. The spinal cord stimulator induced a significant reduction in NYHA functional class from 2.5 +/- 1.2 to 1.5 +/- 0.9 (p < 0.01). During the follow-up 41 patients (35.3%) died, and in 14.2% a new acute myocardial infarction developed. The total percentage of minor spinal cord stimulation-related complications was 6.8%. No major complications occurred. The annual total mortality rate was 6.5%, whereas the cardiac mortality rate was 5%. Compared to the survivors, patients who died showed a higher incidence of left ventricular dysfunction, previous myocardial infarction and bypass surgery at implantation. In our experience, spinal cord stimulation is an effective therapy in patients affected by refractory angina pectoris and who cannot undergo revascularization procedure. The complication rate is low, with

  17. N-Telopeptide of Type I Collagen Long-Term Dynamics in Breast Cancer Patients With Bone Metastases: Clinical Outcomes and Influence of Extraskeletal Metastases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Arlindo R; Alho, Irina; Shan, Ning; Matias, Margarida; Faria, Mariana; Casimiro, Sandra; Leitzel, Kim; Ali, Suhail; Lipton, Allan; Costa, Luís

    2016-12-01

    Markers of bone metabolism, such as N-telopeptide of type I collagen (NTX), have been demonstrated to be prognostic in previous trials of breast cancer (BC) patients with bone metastases (BMs). In the present study, we tested the survival effect of the NTX response to zoledronic acid (ZA) at 3 and 12 months in a contemporaneous cohort of BC patients with BMs and evaluated the influence of extraskeletal metastatic disease on NTX variation. The present study was a prospective cohort study of consecutive BC patients diagnosed and treated at a single center. Patients presenting with de novo radiological evidence of BMs who started monthly intravenous ZA were included. Urinary NTX was measured at baseline and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after ZA introduction. Overall, 71 patients were enrolled, 32 with BMs and 39 with BMs plus extraskeletal metastases. The proportion of patients with elevated NTX at baseline and 3 and 12 months was 49.3%, 26.6%, and 34.2%, respectively. The variables associated with survival included age at diagnosis, tumor estrogen receptor status, and NTX at 3 and 12 months. Multivariate analysis showed that, in addition to age at diagnosis, only the 3-month NTX level was significantly associated with survival. Patients with BMs plus extraskeletal metastases had an erratic NTX variation pattern, unrelated to survival. In the present contemporaneous cohort of BC patients with BMs, the NTX response at 3 months was strongly associated with survival. Furthermore, an early response to ZA was strongly associated with long-term NTX control. Finally, patients with BMs plus extraskeletal metastases had an erratic NTX variation. The present study showed that when accommodating recent therapy innovations and longer patient survival, the N-telopeptide (NTX) variation at 3 months is strongly associated with survival. In this setting, in addition to a few other clinicopathological features, NTX is a powerful prognostic marker. Moreover, early NTX correction

  18. Navigating Long-Term Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James D. Holt MD

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Americans over age 65 constitute a larger percentage of the population each year: from 14% in 2010 (40 million elderly to possibly 20% in 2030 (70 million elderly. In 2015, an estimated 66 million people provided care to the ill, disabled, and elderly in the United States. In 2000, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 15 million Americans used some form of long-term care: adult day care, home health, nursing home, or hospice. In all, 13% of people over 85 years old, compared with 1% of those ages 65 to 74, live in nursing homes in the United States. Transitions of care, among these various levels of care, are common: Nursing home to hospital transfer, one of the best-studied transitions, occurs in more than 25% of nursing home residents per year. This article follows one patient through several levels of care.

  19. Long-Term Recency in Anterograde Amnesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talmi, Deborah; Caplan, Jeremy B.; Richards, Brian; Moscovitch, Morris

    2015-01-01

    Amnesia is usually described as an impairment of a long-term memory (LTM) despite an intact short-term memory (STM). The intact recency effect in amnesia had supported this view. Although dual-store models of memory have been challenged by single-store models based on interference theory, this had relatively little influence on our understanding and treatment of amnesia, perhaps because the debate has centred on experiments in the neurologically intact population. Here we tested a key prediction of single-store models for free recall in amnesia: that people with amnesia will exhibit a memory advantage for the most recent items even when all items are stored in and retrieved from LTM, an effect called long-term recency. People with amnesia and matched controls studied, and then free-recalled, word lists with a distractor task following each word, including the last (continual distractor task, CDFR). This condition was compared to an Immediate Free Recall (IFR, no distractors) and a Delayed Free Recall (DFR, end-of-list distractor only) condition. People with amnesia demonstrated the full long-term recency pattern: the recency effect was attenuated in DFR and returned in CDFR. The advantage of recency over midlist items in CDFR was comparable to that of controls, confirming a key prediction of single-store models. Memory deficits appeared only after the first word recalled in each list, suggesting the impairment in amnesia may emerge only as the participant’s recall sequence develops, perhaps due to increased susceptibility to output interference. Our findings suggest that interference mechanisms are preserved in amnesia despite the overall impairment to LTM, and challenge strict dual-store models of memory and their dominance in explaining amnesia. We discuss the implication of our findings for rehabilitation. PMID:26046770

  20. Long-Term Memory Performance in Adult ADHD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skodzik, Timo; Holling, Heinz; Pedersen, Anya

    2017-02-01

    Memory problems are a frequently reported symptom in adult ADHD, and it is well-documented that adults with ADHD perform poorly on long-term memory tests. However, the cause of this effect is still controversial. The present meta-analysis examined underlying mechanisms that may lead to long-term memory impairments in adult ADHD. We performed separate meta-analyses of measures of memory acquisition and long-term memory using both verbal and visual memory tests. In addition, the influence of potential moderator variables was examined. Adults with ADHD performed significantly worse than controls on verbal but not on visual long-term memory and memory acquisition subtests. The long-term memory deficit was strongly statistically related to the memory acquisition deficit. In contrast, no retrieval problems were observable. Our results suggest that memory deficits in adult ADHD reflect a learning deficit induced at the stage of encoding. Implications for clinical and research settings are presented.

  1. Long-term intrathecal administration of midazolam and clonidine

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borg, PAJ; Krijnen, HJ

    Objective: To determine the clinical usefulness of the long-term intrathecal administration of midazolam and clonidine in patients with refractory neurogenic and musculoskeletal pain. Setting: Pain Centre, Academic Hospital Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Patients: Four patients with chronic

  2. Long term combination treatment for severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Affuso, Flora; Cirillo, Plinio; Ruvolo, Antonio; Carlomagno, Guido; Fazio, Serafino

    2010-01-01

    We report the long-term follow-up of 3 cases of severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, in whom tadalafil plus sitaxentan combination therapy improved the clinical condition and exercise performance without any relevant adverse event. PMID:21160759

  3. Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol is a residual risk factor associated with long-term clinical outcomes in diabetic patients with stable coronary artery disease who achieve optimal control of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogita, Manabu; Miyauchi, Katsumi; Miyazaki, Tadashi; Naito, Ryo; Konishi, Hirokazu; Tsuboi, Shuta; Dohi, Tomotaka; Kasai, Takatoshi; Yokoyama, Takayuki; Okazaki, Shinya; Kurata, Takeshi; Daida, Hiroyuki

    2014-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus is recognized an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) and mortality. Clinical trials have shown that statins significantly reduce cardiovascular events in diabetic patients. However, residual cardiovascular risk persists despite the achievement of target low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels with statin. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is an established coronary risk factor that is independent of LDL-C levels. We evaluated the impact of HDL-C on long-term mortality in diabetic patients with stable CAD who achieved optimal LDL-C. We enrolled 438 consecutive diabetic patients who were scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention between 2004 and 2007 at our institution. We identified 165 patients who achieved target LDL-C coronary syndrome, and target lesion revascularization were evaluated between the two groups. The median follow-up period was 946 days. The rate of MACE was significantly higher in diabetic patients with low-HDL-C who achieved optimal LDL-C (6.9 vs 17.9 %, log-rank P = 0.030). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HDL-C is significantly associated with clinical outcomes (adjusted hazard ratio for MACE 1.33, 95 % confidence interval 1.01-1.75, P = 0.042). Low HDL-C is a residual risk factor that is significantly associated with long-term clinical outcomes among diabetic patients with stable CAD who achieve optimal LDL-C levels.

  4. Long-term effects of addition of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist to angiotensin II receptor blocker in patients with diabetic nephropathy: a randomized clinical trial

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Esteghamati, Alireza; Noshad, Sina; Jarrah, Sorour; Mousavizadeh, Mostafa; Khoee, Seyed Hamid; Nakhjavani, Manouchehr

    2013-01-01

    .... In an open-label, parallel-group, single-center, randomized clinical trial (NCT01667614), 136 patients with diabetes and proteinuria, already treated with enalapril and losartan, were included...

  5. Long-term outcome of Cavalier King Charles spaniel dogs with clinical signs associated with Chiari-like malformation and syringomyelia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plessas, I N; Rusbridge, C; Driver, C J; Chandler, K E; Craig, A; McGonnell, I M; Brodbelt, D C; Volk, H A

    2012-11-17

    The disease complex Chiari-like malformation (CM) and syringomyelia (SM) has been associated with the development of neuropathic pain (NeP), and commonly affects Cavalier King Charles spaniels (CKCS). This prospective cohort study followed 48 CKCSs with CM and/or SM and clinical signs suggestive of NeP for a period of 39 (±14.3) months from diagnosis. At the end of the study, 36 dogs were still alive; five dogs died of an unrelated or unknown cause, and seven were euthanased due to severe clinical signs suggestive of NeP. During the follow-up period, the clinical signs of scratching, facial rubbing behaviour, vocalisation and exercise ability were evaluated. Nine out of 48 dogs stopped scratching (P<0.001), but there was no statistically significant change in the number of dogs exhibiting exercise intolerance, vocalisation or facial rubbing behaviour. The overall severity of clinical signs based on a visual analogue scale (VAS) (0 mm: no clinical signs 100 mm: severe clinical signs) increased (from median 75 mm (interquartile ranges (IQR) 68-84) to 84 mm (IQR 71.5-91), P<0.001). A quarter of the dogs were static or improved. In general, the majority of the owners felt that the quality of life of their dogs was acceptable. Medical treatments received were gabapentin or pregabalin and/or intermittently, carprofen. The owner's perception of their animal's progress, and progress based on VAS, had strong positive correlation (Spearman's rank correlation (s(r)) 0.74, P<0.001). Overall, this study suggests that clinical signs suggestive of NeP progress in three-quarters of CKCSs with CM and/or SM.

  6. Long term study of mechanical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed M. Diab

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, properties of limestone cement concrete containing different replacement levels of limestone powder were examined. It includes 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% of limestone powder as a partial replacement of cement. Silica fume was added incorporated with limestone powder in some mixes to enhance the concrete properties. Compressive strength, splitting tensile strength and modulus of elasticity were determined. Also, durability of limestone cement concrete with different C3A contents was examined. The weight loss, length change and cube compressive strength loss were measured for concrete attacked by 5% sodium sulfate using an accelerated test up to 525 days age. The corrosion resistance was measured through accelerated corrosion test using first crack time, cracking width and steel reinforcement weight loss. Consequently, for short and long term, the use of limestone up to 10% had not a significant reduction in concrete properties. It is not recommended to use blended limestone cement in case of sulfate attack. The use of limestone cement containing up to 25% limestone has insignificant effect on corrosion resistance before cracking.

  7. Rationale and design of the long-Term rIsk, clinical manaGement, and healthcare Resource utilization of stable coronary artery dISease in post-myocardial infarction patients (TIGRIS) study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westermann, Dirk; Goodman, Shaun G; Nicolau, José C; Requena, Gema; Maguire, Andrew; Chen, Ji Yan; Granger, Christopher B; Grieve, Richard; Pocock, Stuart J; Blankenberg, Stefan; Vega, Ana Maria; Yasuda, Satoshi; Simon, Tabassome; Brieger, David

    2017-12-01

    The long-term progression of coronary artery disease as defined by the natural disease course years after a myocardial infarction (MI) is an important but poorly studied area of clinical research. The long-Term rIsk, clinical manaGement, and healthcare Resource utilization of stable coronary artery dISease in post-myocardial infarction patients (TIGRIS) study was designed to address this knowledge gap by evaluating patient management and clinical outcomes following MI in different regions worldwide. TIGRIS (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01866904) is a multicenter, observational, prospective, longitudinal study enrolling patients with history of MI 1 to 3 years previously and high risk of developing atherothrombotic events in a general-practice setting. The primary objective of TIGRIS is to evaluate clinical events (time to first occurrence of any event from the composite cardiovascular endpoint of MI, unstable angina with urgent revascularization, stroke, or death from any cause), and healthcare resource utilization associated with hospitalization for these events (hospitalization duration and procedures) during follow-up. Overall, 9225 patients were enrolled between June 2013 and November 2014 and are being followed in 369 different centers worldwide. This will allow for the description of regional differences in patient characteristics, risk profiles, medical treatment patterns, clinical outcomes, and healthcare resource utilization. Patients will be followed for up to 3 years. Here we report the rationale, design, patient distribution, and selected baseline characteristics of the TIGRIS study. TIGRIS will describe real-world management, quality of life (self-reported health), and healthcare resource utilization for patients with stable coronary artery disease ≥1 year post-MI. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  8. Usefulness of a topical combination of dinotefuran and pyriproxyfen for long-term control of clinical signs of allergic dermatitis in privately-owned cats in Ile-de-France region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosaz, Odile; Bonati, Silvia; Briand, Amaury; Chapelle, Elodie; Cochet-Faivre, Noëlle; Ka, Diane; Darmon-Hadjaje, Céline; Varloud, Marie; Guillot, Jacques

    2017-08-23

    The present study assessed the activity of a combination of dinotefuran and pyriproxyfen (Vectra® Felis) for long-term control (3 months) of allergic dermatitis (AD) in privately-owned cats under common household conditions in Ile-de-France region. This was an open pre-treatment vs post-treatment study. Twenty-eight client-owned cats with clinical signs of AD were enrolled in the study. They received topical application of the combination of dinotefuran and pyriproxyfen on days 0, 28, 56 and 84. Two parameters (clinical signs and pruritus severity) were used to assess the animals' condition on days 0, 28 and 84. Fleas were counted if they were observed. Of the 28 cats initially enrolled, 26 were presented on day 28 and 20 for the final evaluation on day 84. A significant improvement in clinical signs and pruritus was observed in cats for which fleas and/or flea feces were detected on day 0. Globally, the post-treatment AD clinical scores on days 28 and 84 were different from that of the pre-treatment on day 0, with a reduction of 30% and 71%, respectively. For cats with fleas and/or flea feces, the reduction on days 28 and 84 was 33% and 85%, respectively. The improvement of clinical signs and pruritus was not significant in cats with no visible fleas and no flea feces at the beginning of the trial (n = 8). The present study indicated that the treatment with a combination of dinotefuran and pyriproxyfen should be considered as useful in controlling fleas on cats without additional environmental treatment and useful for long-term control of clinical signs and pruritus in allergic cats.

  9. Long-Term Outcome and Morbidity After Treatment With Accelerated Radiotherapy and Weekly Cisplatin for Locally Advanced Head-and-Neck Cancer: Results of a Multidisciplinary Late Morbidity Clinic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruetten, Heidi, E-mail: h.rutten@rther.umcn.nl [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Pop, Lucas A.M.; Janssens, Geert O.R.J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Takes, Robert P. [Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Knuijt, Simone [Department of Rehabilitation/Speech Pathology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Rooijakkers, Antoinette F. [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Berg, Manon van den [Department of Gastroenterology-Dietetics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Merkx, Matthias A. [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Herpen, Carla M.L. van [Department of Medical Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Kaanders, Johannes H.A.M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)

    2011-11-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the long-term outcome and morbidity after intensified treatment for locally advanced head-and-neck cancer. Methods and Materials: Between May 2003 and December 2007, 77 patients with Stage III to IV head-and-neck cancer were treated with curative intent. Treatment consisted of accelerated radiotherapy to a dose of 68 Gy and concurrent cisplatin. Long-term survivors were invited to a multidisciplinary outpatient clinic for a comprehensive assessment of late morbidity with special emphasis on dysphagia, including radiological evaluation of swallowing function in all patients. Results: Compliance with the treatment protocol was high, with 87% of the patients receiving at least five cycles of cisplatin and all but 1 patient completing the radiotherapy as planned. The 5-year actuarial disease-free survival and overall survival rates were 40% and 47%, respectively. Locoregional recurrence-free survival at 5 years was 61%. The 5-year actuarial rates of overall late Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG)/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Grade 3 and Grade 4 toxicity were 52% and 25% respectively. Radiologic evaluation after a median follow-up of 44 months demonstrated impaired swallowing in 57% of the patients, including 23% with silent aspiration. Subjective assessment using a systematic scoring system indicated normalcy of diet in only 15.6% of the patients. Conclusion: This regimen of accelerated radiotherapy with weekly cisplatin produced favorable tumor control rates and survival rates while compliance was high. However, comprehensive assessment by a multidisciplinary team of medical and paramedical specialists revealed significant long-term morbidity in the majority of the patients, with dysphagia being a major concern.

  10. Impact of Multiple Complex Plaques on Short-and Long-Term Clinical in Patients Presenting with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (From the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction [HORIZONS-AMI] Trial)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keeley, Ellen C.; Mehran, Roxana; Brener, Sorin J.; Witzenbichler, Bernhard; Guagliumi, Giulio; Dudek, Dariusz; Kornowski, Ran; Dressler, Ovidiu; Fahy, Martin; Xu, Ke; Grines, Cindy L.; Stone, Gregg W.

    2014-01-01

    It is not known whether the extent and severity of non-culprit coronary lesions correlate with outcomes in patients with STEMI referred for primary PCI. We sought to quantify complex plaques in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients referred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and to determine their effect on short- and long-term clinical outcomes by examining the core laboratory database for plaque analysis from the HORIZONS-AMI study. Baseline demographic, angiographic, and procedural details were compared between patients with single vs. multiple complex plaques undergoing single vessel PCI. Multivariable analysis was performed for predictors of long-term major adverse cardiac events (MACE), a combined end point of death, reinfarction, ischemic target vessel revascularization, or stroke, and for death alone. Single vessel PCI was performed in 3,137 patients (87%): 2,174 (69%) had multiple complex plaques and 963 (31%) had a single complex plaque. Compared to those with a single complex plaque, patients with multiple complex plaques were older (p<0.0001) and had more comorbidities. The presence of multiple complex plaques was an independent predictor of 3-year MACE (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.58; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.26–1.98, p<0.0001), and death alone (HR: 1.68; 95% CI: 1.05–2.70, p=0.03). In conclusion, multiple complex plaques are present in the majority of STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI and their presence is an independent predictor of short- and long-term MACE, including death. (Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction [HORIZONS-AMI]; NCT00433966) PMID:24703369

  11. Long-term follow-up, clinical features, and quality of life in a series of 103 patients with hyperimmunoglobulinemia D syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Hilst, Jeroen C H; Bodar, Evelien J; Barron, Karyl S; Frenkel, Joost; Drenth, Joost P H; van der Meer, Jos W M; Simon, Anna; Armbrust, Wineke

    2008-01-01

    The hyperimmunoglobulinemia D and periodic fever syndrome (HIDS), one of the autoinflammatory syndromes, is caused by mutations in the gene coding for mevalonate kinase (MVK). We conducted the current study to assess the genetic, laboratory, and clinical features as well as the complications and

  12. Long-term follow-up, clinical features, and quality of life in a series of 103 patients with hyperimmunoglobulinemia D syndrome.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hilst, J.C.H. van der; Bodar, E.J.; Barron, K.S.; Frenkel, J.; Drenth, J.P.H.; Meer, J.W.M. van der; Simon, A.

    2008-01-01

    The hyperimmunoglobulinemia D and periodic fever syndrome (HIDS), one of the autoinflammatory syndromes, is caused by mutations in the gene coding for mevalonate kinase (MVK). We conducted the current study to assess the genetic, laboratory, and clinical features as well as the complications and

  13. Major clinical events, signs and severity assessment scores related to actual survival in patients who died from primary biliary cirrhosis. A long-term historical cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dam, GM; Gips, CH; Reisman, Y; Maas, KW; Purmer, IM; Huizenga, [No Value; Verbaan, BW

    1999-01-01

    BACKGROUND/AIMS: One of the prognostic methods for survival in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is the Mayo model, with a time-scale limited to 7 years. The aim of our study was to assess how major clinical events, signs, several severity assessment methods and Mayo survival probabilities fit in with

  14. Acute and long-term changes in T-lymphocyte subsets in response to clinical and subclinical measles. A community study from rural Senegal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lisse, I; Samb, B; Whittle, H

    1998-01-01

    children exposed to measles (45%). Both clinical and subclinical cases of measles showed a significant rise in absolute CD4 count in the incubation period. In the prodromal phase and the first week after the rash, the lymphocyte percentage, the white blood cell count and the absolute CD4 cell numbers were...

  15. Does Maintenance CBT Contribute to Long-Term Treatment Response of Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia? A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Kamila S.; Payne, Laura A.; Gorman, Jack M.; Shear, M. Katherine; Woods, Scott W.; Saksa, John R.; Barlow, David H.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: We examined the possibility that maintenance cognitive behavior therapy (M-CBT) may improve the likelihood of sustained improvement and reduced relapse in a multi-site randomized controlled clinical trial of patients who met criteria for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia. Method: Participants were all patients (N = 379) who…

  16. Prediction of long-term clinical outcome in a diverse chronic hepatitis B population: Role of the PAGE-B score.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brouwer, W P; van der Meer, A J P; Boonstra, A; Plompen, E P C; Pas, S D; de Knegt, R J; de Man, R A; Ten Kate, F J W; Janssen, H L A; Hansen, B E

    2017-11-01

    An abundance of noninvasive scores have been associated with fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. We aimed to compare the prognostic ability of these scores in relation to liver histology in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. Liver biopsies from treatment-naïve CHB patients at one tertiary care centre were scored by a single hepato-pathologist. Laboratory values at liver biopsy were used to calculate the PAGE-B, REACH-B, GAG-HCC, CU-HCC and FIB-4 scores. Any clinical event was defined as HCC development, liver failure, transplantation and mortality. HCC and mortality data were obtained from national database registries. Of 557 patients, 40 developed a clinical event within a median follow-up of 10.1 (IQR 5.7-15.9) years. The PAGE-B score predicted any clinical event (C-statistic.86, 95% CI: 0.80-0.92), HCC development (C-statistic .91) and reduced transplant-free survival (C-statistic .83) with good accuracy, also when stratified by ethnicity, antiviral therapy after biopsy or advanced fibrosis. The C-statistics (95% CI) of the REACH-B, GAG-HCC, CU-HCC and FIB-4 scores for any event were .70 (0.59-0.81), .82 (0.75-0.89), .73 (0.63-0.84) and.79 (0.69-0.89), respectively. The PAGE-B event risk assessment improved modestly when combined with the Ishak fibrosis stage (C-statistic .87, 95% CI: 0.82-0.93). The PAGE-B score showed the best performance in assessing the likelihood of developing a clinical event among a diverse CHB population over 15 years of follow-up. Additional liver histological characteristics did not appear to provide a clinically significant improvement. © 2017 The Authors. Journal of Viral Hepatitis Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Endovascular Treatment of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome: Visual Analog Scale (VAS) Long-Term Follow-up Clinical Evaluation in 202 Patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laborda, Alicia, E-mail: alaborda@unizar.es; Medrano, Joaquin, E-mail: oauieao@gmail.com [University of Zaragoza, Group of Research in Minimally Invasive Techniques Research (GITMI) (Spain); Blas, Ignacio de, E-mail: deblas@unizar.es [University of Zaragoza, Edificio Hospital Veterinario, Department of Animal Pathology (Unit of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology) (Spain); Urtiaga, Ignacio, E-mail: info@doctorurtiaga.com [Hospital Clinico Universitario ' Lozano Blesa' , Department of Vascular Surgery (Spain); Carnevale, Francisco Cesar, E-mail: fcarnevale@uol.com.br [University of Sao Paulo, Medical School, Interventional Radiology (Brazil); Gregorio, Miguel A. de, E-mail: mgregori@unizar.es [University of Zaragoza, Group of Research in Minimally Invasive Techniques Research (GITMI) (Spain)

    2013-08-01

    PurposeThis study was designed to evaluate the clinical outcome and patients' satisfaction after a 5 year follow-up period for pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) coil embolization in patients who suffered from chronic pelvic pain that initially consulted for lower limb venous insufficiency.MethodsA total of 202 patients suffering from chronic pelvic pain were recruited prospectively in a single center (mean age 43.5 years; range 27-57) where they were being treated for lower limb varices. Inclusion criteria were: lower limb varices and chronic pelvic pain (>6 months), >6 mm pelvic venous caliber in ultrasonography, and venous reflux or presence of communicating veins. Both ovarian and hypogastric veins were targeted for embolization. Pain level was assessed before and after embolotherapy and during follow-up using a visual analog scale (VAS). Technical and clinical success and recurrence of leg varices were studied. Patients completed a quality questionnaire. Clinical follow-up was performed at 1, 3, and 6 months and every year for 5 years.ResultsTechnical success was 100 %. Clinical success was achieved in 168 patients (93.85 %), with complete disappearance of symptoms in 60 patients (33.52 %). Pain score (VAS) was 7.34 {+-} 0.7 preprocedural versus 0.78 {+-} 1.2 at the end of follow-up (P < 0.0001). Complications were: groin hematoma (n = 6), coil migration (n = 4), and reaction to contrast media (n = 1). Twenty-three cases presented abdominal pain after procedure. In 24 patients (12.5 %), there was recurrence of their leg varices within the follow-up. The mean degree of patients' satisfaction was 7.4/9.ConclusionsCoil embolization of PCS is an effective and safe procedure, with high clinical success rate and degree of satisfaction.

  18. Clinical long-term success of contemporary nano-filled resin composites in class I and II restorations cured by LED or halogen light.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pflaum, Torsten; Kranz, Stefan; Montag, Regina; Güntsch, Arndt; Völpel, Andrea; Mills, Robin; Jandt, Klaus; Sigusch, Bernd

    2017-10-28

    The use of LED light-curing units (LED LCUs) for polymerising resin-based composite restorations has become widespread throughout dentistry. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of clinical longitudinal studies that evaluate the comparative efficacy of LED-based polymerisation in direct posterior composite restorations. The aim of the present study was to investigate the performance of class I and II resin composite restorations for two successful composite restorative materials cured with LED versus halogen LCUs. One hundred restorations were placed using the nano-filled composites Grandio® or Filtek™ Supremé. The following test groups were established: LED-Grandio® n = 23 (LG), LED-Filtek™ Supremé n = 21 (LS). As controls were used: Halogen-Grandio® n = 28 (HG), Halogen-Filtek™ Supremé n = 28 (HS). All restorations were evaluated according to the clinical criteria of the CPM index (C-criteria) at baseline and after 6, 12 and 36 months. After 12 and 36 months, there were no significant differences between restorations polymerised with LED or halogen light. At the end of the study, 97% of the restorations showed sufficient results regardless of the employed LCU or composite. Globally, after 36 months, 56% of all restorations were assessed with code 0 (excellent) and 41% with code 1 (acceptable). In detail, excellent results (code 0) among the criteria surface quality; marginal integrity and marginal discoloration were assigned in 72, 70 and 69%. For the current limitations in the clinical trial design, the results showed that LED-polymerisation is appropriate to ensure clinical success of direct posterior resin composite restorations in a range of 3 years. The choice of LCU has no significant influence on the clinical performance of posterior direct resin composite restorations within 3 years of wear.

  19. Digital Clinical Communication for Families and Caregivers of Children or Young People With Short- or Long-Term Conditions: Rapid Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Armoiry, Xavier; Sturt, Jackie; Phelps, Emma Elizabeth; Walker, Clare-Louise; Court, Rachel; Taggart, Frances; Sutcliffe, Paul; Griffiths, Frances; Atherton, Helen

    2018-01-05

    The communication relationship between parents of children or young people with health conditions and health professionals is an important part of treatment, but it is unclear how far the use of digital clinical communication tools may affect this relationship. The objective of our study was to describe, assess the feasibility of, and explore the impact of digital clinical communication between families or caregivers and health professionals. We searched the literature using 5 electronic databases. We considered all types of study design published in the English language from January 2009 to August 2015. The population of interest included families and caregivers of children and young people aged less than 26 years with any type of health condition. The intervention was any technology permitting 2-way communication. We included 31 articles. The main designs were randomized controlled trials (RCTs; n=10), cross-sectional studies (n=9), pre- and postintervention uncontrolled (pre/post) studies (n=7), and qualitative interview studies (n=2); 6 had mixed-methods designs. In the majority of cases, we considered the quality rating to be fair. Many different types of health condition were represented. A breadth of digital communication tools were included: videoconferencing or videoconsultation (n=14), and Web messaging or emails (n=12). Health care professionals were mainly therapists or cognitive behavioral therapists (n=10), physicians (n=8), and nurses (n=6). Studies were very heterogeneous in terms of outcomes. Interventions were mainly evaluated using satisfaction or acceptance, or outcomes relating to feasibility. Clinical outcomes were rarely used. The RCTs showed that digital clinical communication had no impact in comparison with standard care. Uncontrolled pre/post studies showed good rates of satisfaction or acceptance. Some economic studies suggested that digital clinical communication may save costs. This rapid review showed an emerging body of literature on

  20. A randomized prospective long-term (>1 year) clinical trial comparing the efficacy and safety of radiofrequency ablation to 980 nm laser ablation of the great saphenous vein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sydnor, Malcolm; Mavropoulos, John; Slobodnik, Natalia; Wolfe, Luke; Strife, Brian; Komorowski, Daniel

    2017-07-01

    Purpose To compare the short- and long-term (>1 year) efficacy and safety of radiofrequency ablation (ClosureFAST™) versus endovenous laser ablation (980 nm diode laser) for the treatment of superficial venous insufficiency of the great saphenous vein. Materials and methods Two hundred patients with superficial venous insufficiency of the great saphenous vein were randomized to receive either radiofrequency ablation or endovenous laser ablation (and simultaneous adjunctive therapies for surface varicosities when appropriate). Post-treatment sonographic and clinical assessment was conducted at one week, six weeks, and six months for closure, complications, and patient satisfaction. Clinical assessment of each patient was conducted at one year and then at yearly intervals for patient satisfaction. Results Post-procedure pain ( p ablation group. Improvements in venous clinical severity score were noted through six months in both groups (endovenous laser ablation 6.6 to 1; radiofrequency ablation 6.2 to 1) with no significant difference in venous clinical severity score ( p = 0.4066) or measured adverse effects; 89 endovenous laser ablation and 87 radiofrequency patients were interviewed at least 12 months out with a mean long-term follow-up of 44 and 42 months ( p = 0.1096), respectively. There were four treatment failures in each group, and every case was correctable with further treatment. Overall, there were no significant differences with regard to patient satisfaction between radiofrequency ablation and endovenous laser ablation ( p = 0.3009). There were no cases of deep venous thrombosis in either group at any time during this study. Conclusions Radiofrequency ablation and endovenous laser ablation are highly effective and safe from both anatomic and clinical standpoints over a multi-year period and neither modality achieved superiority over the other.

  1. Precision intrauterine contraception may significantly increase continuation of use: a review of long-term clinical experience with frameless copper-releasing intrauterine contraception devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wildemeersch D

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Dirk Wildemeersch,1 Ansgar Pett,2 Sohela Jandi,2 Thomas Hasskamp,3 Patrick Rowe,4 Marc Vrijens5 1Gynecological Outpatient Clinic and IUD Training Center, Ghent, Belgium; 2Gynecological Outpatient Clinic, Berlin, Germany; 3Gynecological Outpatient Clinic, Münster, Germany; 4Formely IUD Research Group at the UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; 5Gynecological Outpatient Clinic, Ghent, Belgium Objective: The purpose of this paper is to review the experience with the frameless, anchored, GyneFix copper-releasing intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs/IUDs (Contrel Europe, Belgium, and to demonstrate their high acceptability and low rate of discontinuation of use, which could contribute to current efforts that aim to reduce radically the high number of unintended pregnancies and induced abortions, particularly in young women. Materials and methods: This paper is based on studies that examined the differences in uterine volume and cavity size, related to age and parity, and on original clinical research data and practical experience with frameless copper IUDs, as well as on literature data on the IUD–endometrial cavity relationship of conventional IUDs, with special reference to side effects and user discontinuation. Results: The mean transverse diameter in nulliparous and parous women is significantly less than the length of the transverse arm of the TCu380A IUD (ParaGard, Duramed, NY, USA or the levonorgestrel intrauterine system (Mirena, Bayer, Germany. Small, frameless, flexible, and unidimensional copper IUDs appear to be well tolerated, with less impact on menstrual bleeding, resulting in low discontinuation rates when compared with standard-size conventional IUDs, which often result in increased expulsion rates, complaints of pain and erratic or increased menstrual bleeding, and subsequent high rates of

  2. Value of CACS compared with ETT and myocardial perfusion imaging for predicting long-term cardiac outcome in asymptomatic and symptomatic patients at low risk for coronary disease: clinical implications in a multimodality imaging world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Su Min; Nabi, Faisal; Xu, Jiaqiong; Pratt, Craig M; Mahmarian, Angela C; Frias, Maria E; Mahmarian, John J

    2015-02-01

    This prospective, observational study in 988 asymptomatic or symptomatic low-risk patients without prior coronary artery disease was conducted to define the relative value of coronary artery calcium score (CACS), exercise treadmill testing (ETT), and stress myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) variables in predicting long-term risk stratification. CACS, ETT, and stress myocardial perfusion SPECT results predict patients' outcome. There are currently no data comparing their relative value in long-term risk stratification. Patients were stratified by Framingham risk score (FRS), with a median follow-up of 6.9 years. Cardiac events were defined as a composite of cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and the need for coronary revascularization. Most patients (87%) were considered appropriate candidates for functional testing as defined by current appropriate use criteria. The long-term cardiac event rate was 11.2% (1.6% per year). Multivariate risk predictors in all patients and in the appropriate use cohort were abnormal SPECT (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.83 and 1.99), ETT ischemia (HR: 1.70 and 1.76), decreasing exercise capacity (HR: 1.11 and 1.17), decreasing Duke treadmill score (HR: 1.07 for both), and CACS severity (HR: 1.29 for both), respectively. Throughout the 10-year follow-up, CACS improved risk prediction, with event rates ranging from 0.6% per year (CACS ≤10) to 3.7% per year (CACS >400) (p risk prediction in all patients, in the appropriate use cohort and among those with low-risk ETT and SPECT results (all, p risk stratification beyond FRS, ETT, and SPECT results across the spectrum of clinical risk and importantly even among those who are currently considered appropriate candidates for functional testing or have low-risk functional test results. Our findings support CACS as a first-line test over ETT or SPECT for accurately assessing long-term risk in such patients. Copyright © 2015 American College of

  3. Long-Term Therapy Outcomes When Treating Chronic Kidney Disease Patients with Paricalcitol in German and Austrian Clinical Practice (TOP Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Obermüller

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Paricalcitol is approved for prevention and therapy of secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD, with only short-term data in clinical routine settings. A 12-month observational study was conducted in Germany and Austria (90 centers, 761 patients from 2008 to 2013. Laboratory values, demographical, and clinical data were documented in 629 dialysis patients and 119 predialysis patients. In predialysis patients, median intact parathormone (iPTH was 180.0 pg/mL (n = 105 at the start of the study, 115.7 pg/mL (n = 105 at last documentation, and 151.8 pg/mL (n = 50 at month 12, with 32.4% of the last documented iPTH values in the KDOQI (Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative target range. In dialysis patients, median iPTH was 425.5 pg/mL (n = 569 at study start, 262.3 pg/mL (n = 569 at last documentation, and 266.1 pg/mL (n = 318 at month 12, with 36.5% of dialysis patients in the KDOQI target range. Intravenous paricalcitol showed more homogenous iPTH control than oral treatment. Combined analysis of all dialysis patients indicated comparable and stable mean serum calcium and phosphate levels throughout the study. Clinical symptoms, such as itching, bone pain, and fatigue, were improved compared with study entry. The spectrum and frequency of adverse events mirrored the known pattern for patients on dialysis. Paricalcitol is efficacious and has a consistent safety profile in sHPT over 12 months.

  4. Is it Feasible to Use Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis Assessment Tools in Routine Clinical Practice in the Long-term Care Setting?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke-OʼNeill, Sinead; Farbrot, Anne; Lagerstedt Eidrup, Marie-Louise; Cottenden, Alan; Fader, Mandy

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the feasibility of using incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) tools in routine clinical practice by asking nursing home staff (RNs and non-RN caregivers) and tissue viability specialty (TVS) nurses to evaluate 3 instruments and a 4-point severity scoring system for describing and grading IAD examples captured in photographs of skin underneath absorptive pads in nursing home patients. Feasibility study. Twelve female nursing home residents whose incontinence was managed with pads and who had previously been identified as experiencing IAD were recruited, along with 16 nursing home staff (6 RNs and 10 non-RNs) and 10 TVS nurses. Weekly high-quality p