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Sample records for exophytic benign mixed

  1. Exophytic benign mixed epithelial stromal tumour of the kidney: case report of a rare tumour entity

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    Küster Jens

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mixed epithelial and stromal tumour (MEST represents a recently described benign composite neoplasm of the kidney, which predominantly affects perimenopausal females. Most tumours are benign, although rare malignant cases have been observed. Case report A 47-year-old postmenopausal female presented to the urologist with flank pain. A CT scan of the abdomen showed a 30-mm-in-diameter uniform mass adjacent to the pelvis of the left kidney. Surgical exploration showed a tumour arising from the lower anterior hilus of the left kidney. The tumour could be excised by preserving the kidney. By intraoperative frozen section the tumour showed characteristic features of MEST with epithelial-covered cysts embedded in an "ovarian-like" stroma. Additional immunohistochemistry investigations showed expression for hormone receptors by the stromal component of the tumour. Discussion MEST typically presents in perimenopausal women as a primarily cystic mass. Commonly, the tumour arises from the renal parenchyma or pelvis. The tumour is composed of an admixture of cystic and sometimes more solid areas. The stromal cells typically demonstrate an ovarian-type stroma showing expression for the estrogen and progesterone receptors. Conclusion MEST represents a distinctive benign tumour entity of the kidney, which affects perimenopausal woman. The tumour should be distinguished from other cystic renal neoplasms. By imaging studies it is difficult to distinguish between a benign or malignant nature of the tumour. Thus, intraoperative frozen section is necessary for conservative surgery, since the overall prognosis is favourable and renal function can be preserved in most cases.

  2. Benign mixed tumor of the lacrimal sac

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    Jong-Suk Lee

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Neoplasms of the lacrimal drainage system are uncommon, but potentially life-threatening and are often difficult to diagnose. Among primary lacrimal sac tumors, benign mixed tumors are extremely rare. Histologically, benign mixed tumors have been classified as a type of benign epithelial tumor. Here we report a case of benign mixed tumor of the lacrimal sac.

  3. Benign nodular hyperplasia of the liver-pedunculated form: diagnostic contributions of ultrasonography and consideration of exophytic liver tumors.

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    Badea, Radu; Meszaros, Magdalena; Al Hajjar, Nadim; Rusu, Ioana; Chiorean, Liliana

    2015-01-01

    Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is an asymptomatic benign liver tumor that may be detected accidentally during an abdominal ultrasound examination; it is associated with unspecific complaints, sometimes painful. Diagnosis can be precise using imaging techniques like ultrasonography. The diagnostic criteria are represented by the spatial display of the tumoral vessels and their hemodynamic characteristics. Sometimes differential diagnostic issues occur with other benign or malignant liver tumors. We present the case of a young female patient without a personal pathological history, who complained of intense, diffuse, intermittent, non-systematic abdominal pain and who underwent ultrasound examination, followed by contrast-enhanced ultrasound. With this technique, we evidenced a solid extrahepatic tumor, which was mobile at the patient's change of position and had the hemodynamic features of FNH. The article also tackles the problem of intra-abdominal pedunculated tumors.

  4. Peripheral Exophytic Oral Lesions: A Clinical Decision Tree

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    Hamed Mortazavi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Diagnosis of peripheral oral exophytic lesions might be quite challenging. This review article aimed to introduce a decision tree for oral exophytic lesions according to their clinical features. General search engines and specialized databases including PubMed, PubMed Central, Medline Plus, EBSCO, Science Direct, Scopus, Embase, and authenticated textbooks were used to find relevant topics by means of keywords such as “oral soft tissue lesion,” “oral tumor like lesion,” “oral mucosal enlargement,” and “oral exophytic lesion.” Related English-language articles published since 1988 to 2016 in both medical and dental journals were appraised. Upon compilation of data, peripheral oral exophytic lesions were categorized into two major groups according to their surface texture: smooth (mesenchymal or nonsquamous epithelium-originated and rough (squamous epithelium-originated. Lesions with smooth surface were also categorized into three subgroups according to their general frequency: reactive hyperplastic lesions/inflammatory hyperplasia, salivary gland lesions (nonneoplastic and neoplastic, and mesenchymal lesions (benign and malignant neoplasms. In addition, lesions with rough surface were summarized in six more common lesions. In total, 29 entities were organized in the form of a decision tree in order to help clinicians establish a logical diagnosis by a stepwise progression method.

  5. Benign Mixed Epithelial and Stromal Tumor of the Kidney

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    A. Işin Doğan Ekici

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A 51-year-old, perimenopausal, female patient with 1-month history of right flank pain who was diagnosed with a renal mass and underwent nephron-sparing partial nephrectomy is presented. The renal mass was found to be a benign, biphasic tumor composed of an epithelial component, consisting of ducts of variable size scattered within a mesenchymal component, composed of spindle cells arranged in sheets and fascicles. No atypia, mitosis, or necrosis was found. The spindle component shows desmin, smooth muscle actin, and estrogen and progesterone receptor positivity immunohistochemically. The diagnosis of benign mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney is rendered. No recurrent disease has been detected during 2 years of follow up.

  6. Intraosseous ameloblastoma masquerading as exophytic growth: a case report

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    Ramachandra, Prashanth; Ramnarayan, BK; Sanjay, CJ; David, Chaya M [Dr Shyamala Reddy Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore (India); Kaul, Rachna [Dayananda Sagar College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore (India)

    2011-06-15

    Intraosseous ameloblastoma is the most common and simple type of ameloblastoma prevalent among odontogenic tumors. Clinico-radiographically intraosseous ameloblastoma presents as slow, painless swelling or expansion of the jaws and described as multilocular expansile radiolucency that occurs most frequently in mandibular molar/ramus area. This article describes a case of follicular ameloblastoma involving 45 year old male which is different from the usual presentation, which includes-exophytic growth, different location and without expansion of the cortex.

  7. Extramedullary hematopoiesis in a case of benign mixed mammary tumor in a female dog: cytological and histopathological assessment

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    Leão João

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Backgroud Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH is defined as the presence of hematopoietic stem cells such as erythroid and myeloid lineage plus megakaryocytes in extramedullary sites like liver, spleen and lymph nodes and is usually associated with either bone marrow or hematological disorders. Mammary EMH is a rare condition either in human and veterinary medicine and can be associated with benign mixed mammary tumors, similarly to that described in this case. Case presentation Hematopoietic stem cells were found in a benign mixed mammary tumor of a 7-year-old female mongrel dog that presents a nodule in the left inguinal mammary gland. The patient did not have any hematological abnormalities. Cytological evaluation demonstrated two distinct cell populations, composed of either epithelial or mesenchymal cells, sometimes associated with a fibrillar acidophilic matrix, apart from megakaryocytes, osteoclasts, metarubricytes, prorubricytes, rubricytes, rubriblasts, promyelocytes, myeloblasts. Histological examination confirmed the presence of an active hematopoietic bone marrow within the bone tissue of a benign mammary mixed tumor. Conclusions EMH is a rare condition described in veterinary medicine that can be associated with mammary mixed tumors. It's detection can be associated with several neoplastic and non-neoplastic mammary lesions, i.e. osteosarcomas, mixed tumors and bone metaplasia.

  8. Conus medullaris dermoid tumour. Uncommon presentation of conus medullaris dermoid as an exophytic mass lesion

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    Satyarthee Guru Dutta

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Authors report an extremely uncommon case dorsally exophytic conus dermoid in a three-years old boy, who underwent meningocele repair locate at lumbosacral region at an age of one month. The boy presented with low backache and difficulty in passing urine. Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of spine revealed presence of a large exophytic mass located dorsally in the conus and the features suggestive of dermoid. He underwent surgical intervention during surgery lesion was dorsally exophytic containing cheesy material with hairs, excision of dermoid along capsule was carried our successfully. Pertinent literature and management of exophytic conus dermoid is discussed briefly.

  9. Cystic nephroma/mixed epithelial stromal tumor: a benign neoplasm with potential for recurrence.

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    Sun, Belinda L; Abern, Michael; Garzon, Steven; Setty, Suman

    2015-05-01

    Cystic nephroma (CN) is a rare, benign, renal neoplasm composed of epithelial and stromal elements. Only about 200 cases have been reported since 1892 and recurrence has rarely been observed. We report a 32-year-old Hispanic woman, with a history of a right, complex cystic, renal mass treated by robotic decortication 2 years ago, who presented with flank pain, hematuria, and recurrent urinary tract infection. A magnetic resonance imaging study showed a 3.4-cm multicystic lesion with thickened septa and enhancement at the right kidney. The partial nephrectomy specimen revealed a well-circumscribed, multicystic tumor abutting the renal pelvis, with thick septa and smooth walls, filled with clear fluid. Microscopic examination showed variably sized cysts lined by cuboidal epithelium with focal hobnailing, without significant cytologic atypia and mitosis. The epithelial lining was positive for CK19, high molecular weight cytokeratin, and α-methylacyl-CoA racemase suggesting a primitive tubular epithelial phenotype. Primitive glomeruli-like structures were also present. The ovarian-like stroma was condensed around the cysts and was variably cellular with areas of muscle differentiation and thick-walled vessels. The stroma was positive for desmin, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and CD10. We suggest that CN represents a variable mixture of epithelial and stromal elements, immature glomerular, tubular, muscle, and vascular elements, which may be present in variable proportions creating a spectrum of lesions previously described as CN and mixed epithelial and stromal tumors (MEST). This case emphasizes that CN/MEST clinically/radiologically mimics other cystic renal neoplasms, especially cystic renal cell carcinoma and tubulocystic carcinoma, necessitating histopathological examination and immunohistochemial studies for definitive diagnosis. Additionally, CN has the tendency to recur when not completely excised initially. © The Author(s) 2014.

  10. Ultrasonographic, computed tomographic and angiographic features of exophytically grown gastric smooth muscle tumors

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    Sugano, Shigeo; Furukawa, Kazuo; Sumino, Yasukiyo; Kanno, Kenichiro; Yamamuro, Wataru

    1985-03-01

    Ultrasonographic (US), computed tomographic (CT) and angiographic (AG) features of exophytic gastric smooth muscle tumors were analysed in two subjects. The first case was a 28-year-old female who had a tumor in the right upper quadrant. Imaging investigations indicated leiomyoma. She underwent operation, and the tumor found was a huge (11 x 10 x 8cm) gastric leiomyoma grown exophytically. The second case was a 68-year-old female whose chief complaints were anorexia and weightloss. An upper gastrointestinal X-ray examination showed a leakage of barium meal from the stomach to a huge abnormal cavity in the region of left hypochondrium. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a large leiomyosarcoma associated with central necrosis, forming a fistula protruding into the gastric lumen. Characteristic findings of the three kinds of imaging diagnostics in these tumors were as follows: Leiomyoma: With US, the abdominal tumor produced a cystic homogeneous echo pattern scattered with hyperechoic spots. With Ct, smooth, homogeneous and low density areas were seen and these were homogeneously enhanced by contrast media. With AG, vessels around the tumor were ring-shaped, and the tumor was clearly and homogeneously stained at venous phase. The diagnosis of the primary tumor was easy to make through identification of the tumor's feeding arteries. Leimyosarcoma: US indicated a tumor mixed with non-homogeneous solid and cystic patterns. In part of the tumor and in a metastatic lesion in the liver, hyperechoic rims and central sonolucent caviation were seen. With CT, the tumor showed non-homogeneous low densities, and their margins were irregular and undefined, which were emphasized by contrast media. Angiographically, vessels surrounding the tumor were found to be irregular. In the venous phase, the tumor stain was also irregular and non-homogeneous. The diagnosis of the primary tumor was difficult to make using any of the methods. (J.P.N.).

  11. Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma in an Ovarian Benign Mixed Mucinous Cystadenoma and Brenner Tumour: A Case Report

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    Amar Ibrahim

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a case of a 71-year-old woman, who presented with a large abdominal mass. Microscopic examination revealed metastatic renal cell carcinoma in an otherwise massively enlarged benign ovarian tumour of mixed mucinous cystadenoma and Brenner tumour. Clinicopathological and radiological assessment together with a thorough evaluation of gross and histological features, including the use of immunohistochemical stains, is essential to confirm the diagnosis and rule out the possibility of primary clear cell carcinoma of ovary, as this has important prognostic and therapeutic implications.

  12. Exophytic giant cell glioblastoma of the medulla oblongata.

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    Luetjens, Goetz; Mirzayan, M Javad; Brandis, Almuth; Krauss, Joachim K

    2009-03-01

    Giant cell glioblastoma is a rare variant within the spectrum of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) tumors. A giant cell glioblastoma may be associated with a better prognosis than the common type of GBM after combined treatment involving tumor resection and radiochemotherapy. A giant cell glioblastoma may occur at various sites in the brain and spinal cord. To the authors' knowledge, this type of tumor has not been previously reported as arising as an exophytic tumor from the medulla oblongata. The authors report on a 40-year-old man who presented with a large tumor located in the caudal fourth ventricle. The tumor was removed completely and the patient underwent percutaneous radiotherapy with 60 Gy and concomitant chemotherapy with temozolomide. Histopathological examination of the tumor revealed the typical features of a giant cell glioblastoma. At the 2-year follow-up the patient was doing well and showed no signs of tumor recurrence. It is important to identify variants of GBM because they may predict favorable long-term outcome, even when they arise from the caudal brainstem.

  13. Computer-Aided Detection of Exophytic Renal Lesions on Non-Contrast CT Images

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    Liu, Jianfei; Wang, Shijun; Linguraru, Marius George; Yao, Jianhua; Summers, Ronald M.

    2014-01-01

    Renal lesions are important extracolonic findings on computed tomographic colonography (CTC). They are difficult to detect on non-contrast CTC images due to low image contrast with surrounding objects. In this paper, we developed a novel computer-aided diagnosis system to detect a subset of renal lesions, exophytic lesions, by 1) exploiting efficient belief propagation to segment kidneys, 2) establishing an intrinsic manifold diffusion on kidney surface, 3) searching for potential lesion-caused protrusions with local maximum diffusion response, and 4) exploring novel shape descriptors, including multi-scale diffusion response, with machine learning to classify exophytic renal lesions. Experimental results on the validation dataset with 167 patients revealed that manifold diffusion significantly outperformed conventional shape features (p computer-aided diagnosis of renal lesions. PMID:25189363

  14. Multiple exophytic osteomas of craniofacial bones not associated with Gardner’s Syndrome: a case report

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    Ernesto Nascimento Filho; Seixas, Maria T. [UNIFESP; Alessandra Mazzoni; Weckx,Luc L. M.

    2004-01-01

    Osteomas exofíticos são protuberâncias de osso maduro que necessitam ser cuidadosamente diferenciados de outras lesões. Os autores apresentam relato de paciente do sexo masculino, com 44 anos de idade, apresentando osteomas exofíticos múltiplos localizados na região vestíbulo-maxilar em ambos os lados, região de pré-molares e molares não associados à Síndrome de Gardner.Exophytic osteomas are mature bone protuberances required to be carefully differentiated from other lesions. The authors pre...

  15. Endoscopic en bloc resection of an exophytic gastrointestinal stromal tumor with suction excavation technique.

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    Choi, Hyuk Soon; Chun, Hoon Jai; Kim, Kyoung-Oh; Kim, Eun Sun; Keum, Bora; Jeen, Yoon-Tae; Lee, Hong Sik; Kim, Chang Duck

    2016-06-21

    Here, we report the first successful endoscopic resection of an exophytic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) using a novel perforation-free suction excavation technique. A 49-year-old woman presented for further management of a gastric subepithelial tumor on the lesser curvature of the lower body, originally detected via routine upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Abdominal computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasound showed a 4-cm extraluminally protruding mass originating from the muscularis propria layer. The patient firmly refused surgical resection owing to potential cardiac problems, and informed consent was obtained for endoscopic removal. Careful dissection and suction of the tumor was repeated until successful extraction was achieved without serosal injury. We named this procedure the suction excavation technique. The tumor's dimensions were 3.5 cm × 2.8 cm × 2.5 cm. The tumor was positive for C-KIT and CD34 by immunohistochemical staining. The mitotic count was 6/50 high-power fields. The patient was followed for 5 years without tumor recurrence. This case demonstrated the use of endoscopic resection of an exophytic GIST using the suction excavation technique as a potential therapy without surgical resection.

  16. Polypoid melanoma: a rare clinical subtype frequently confused with benign entities

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    Manuel Valdebran

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Polypoid melanoma represents a distinct variant of melanoma characterized by an ulcerated exophytic nodule. Although this melanocytic tumor is usually restricted to the papillary dermis, it presents with a thick Breslow level and aggressive course. Its rapidly growing vertical phase and its amelanotic nature frequently simulate benign or non-aggressive entities; leading to a delay in biopsy and resulting in an increased risk of metastasis at the time of the diagnosis.

  17. Subcutaneous leiomyosarcoma of scrotum presenting as an exophytic mass: An unusual presentation

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    Ashima Batra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Paratesticular leiomyosarcoma originates from testicular tunica (48%, spermatic cord (48%, epididymis (2% and dartos muscle, as well as subcutaneous tissue of the scrotum (2%. Leiomyosarcomas of the scrotum, not involving the testis, epididymis or spermatic cord, are rare, and belong to the group of subcutaneous superficial leiomyosarcomas. To the knowledge of the authors, less than 10 cases of leiomyosarcoma of the scrotum have so far been reported from India. The tumor usually presents as a painless, slow-growing scrotal mass in middle-aged or elderly men. The current approach is wide local excision, often with adjuvant therapy. The prognosis is usually good following complete excision, though a local recurrence rate of 40% has been reported. Long term follow-up is, therefore, necessary to monitor for recurrence. Herein we present the case of 35-year-old male who presented with an exophytic scrotal mass. Histopathological and immunohistochemical findings of the mass were consistent with leiomyosarcoma.

  18. The Morphometrical and Histopathological Changes which were Observed after Topical Ozone Therapy on an Exophytic Fibrous Gingival Lesion: A Case Report

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    Patel, Punit Vaibhav; Gujjari, Sheela Kumar

    2013-01-01

    We are presenting 2 cases where ozone therapy was used in the form of ozonated oil on an exophytic fibrous gingival lesion. A 42-years female patient was selected, who presented with a mild to moderately painful, exophytic, fibrous lesion on the upper anterior gingiva. This gingival lesion was treated with 2ml of ozonated oil, thrice daily for one week. After the ozone therapy, the postoperative outcomes were measured and analyzed. Finally, the lesion was subjected to an excisional biopsy and...

  19. 'Bridging vascular sign' in the MR diagnosis of uterine subserosal/exophytic leiomyoma

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    Kim, Jong Chul [Chungnam National Univ. School of Medicine, Taejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-11-01

    To evaluate the usefulness of 'bridging vascular sign' in the diagnosis of a subserosal/exophytic uterine leiomyoma and the helpfulness of this sign in the differentiation of a uterine leiomyoma from adnexal masses on pelovic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Of 20 women with a solitiary pelvic mass in whom pelvic MR imaging was performed during recent three years to differentiate a uterine leiomyoma from an adnexal mass, 12 with surgicopathologically proven subserosal/exophytic uterine leiomymas were included in this study. The other eight women were proved to have tubo-ovarian abscess (n=3D3), ovarian endometrioma (n=3D2), ruptured corpus luteum cyst (n=3D2), and ovarian fibroma (n=3D1). A 1.5 T unit was used to obtain axial/saittal T1- and T2-weighted and gadolinum-enhanced sagittal T1-weighted images. Positive 'bridging vascular sign' was defined through the retrospective review and analysis of MR findings as the presence of intervening curvilinear or tortuous signal-void vascular structures crossing the uterus and the pelvic mass. Using this sign in the diagnosis and differentiation of a uterine leiomyoma from adnexal masses, statistical significance was evaluated. 'Bridging vascular sign' was present in eight of 12 leiomyomas, but no in adnexal masses. Using this sign in the diagnosis and differentiation of a uterine leiomyoma from adnexal masses, sensitivity was 66.7%, specificity 100%, positive predictive value 100%, negative predictive value 66.7%, and accuracy 80%. 'Vascular bridging sign' on MR imaging may be a useful radiologic sign in the diagnosis and differentiation of a subserosal/exophytic uterine leiomyoma from adnexal masses.=20.

  20. Benign Pigmented Dermal Basal Cell Tumor in a Namibian Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus

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    Sonja K. Heinrich

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A 3.5-year-old wild born cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus, living in a large enclosure on a private Namibian farm, developed a large exophytic nodular neoplasm in its skin at the height of the left shoulder blade. We describe the clinical appearance, the surgical removal, and histological examination of the tumor, which was diagnosed as a moderately pigmented benign basal cell tumor. A three-year follow-up showed no evidence of recurrence after the surgery. Although neoplasia is reported in nondomestic felids, only very few concern cheetahs. So far, no case of basal cell tumor was described in this species.

  1. Benign Liver Tumors

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    ... While You Shop Contact Us Donate Now Benign Liver Tumors Back A tumor is an abnormal growth ... health risk. Frequently Asked Questions How are benign liver tumors detected? In most cases, benign liver tumors ...

  2. Is "benign intracranial hypertension" really benign?

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    Barber, S G; Garvan, N

    1980-01-01

    Hypothalamic-hypophyseal insufficiency has been found in seven of eight patients with so-called benign intracranial hypertension, of whom four showed an inadequate adrenal response to stress. The syndrome of benign intracranial hypertension cannot therefore be considered entirely benign and patients should receive full endocrinological assessment and follow up.

  3. Androgenic dependence of exophytic tumor growth in a transgenic mouse model of bladder cancer: a role for thrombospondin-1

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    Yao Jorge L

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Steroid hormones influence mitogenic signaling pathways, apoptosis, and cell cycle checkpoints, and it has long been known that incidence of bladder cancer (BC in men is several times greater than in women, a difference that cannot be attributed to environmental or lifestyle factors alone. Castration reduces incidence of chemically-induced BC in rodents. It is unclear if this effect is due to hormonal influences on activation/deactivation of carcinogens or a direct effect on urothelial cell proliferation or other malignant processes. We examined the effect of castration on BC growth in UPII-SV40T transgenic mice, which express SV40 T antigen specifically in urothelium and reliably develop BC. Furthermore, because BC growth in UPII-SV40T mice is exophytic, we speculated BC growth was dependent on angiogenesis and angiogenesis was, in turn, androgen responsive. Methods Flat panel detector-based cone beam computed tomography (FPDCT was used to longitudinally measure exophytic BC growth in UPII-SV40T male mice sham-operated, castrated, or castrated and supplemented with dihydrotestosterone (DHT. Human normal bladder and BC biopsies and mouse bladder were examined quantitatively for thrombospondin-1 (TSP1 protein expression. Results Mice castrated at 24 weeks of age had decreased BC volumes at 32 weeks compared to intact mice (p = 0.0071 and castrated mice administered DHT (p = 0.0233; one-way ANOVA, JMP 6.0.3, SAS Institute, Inc.. Bladder cancer cell lines responded to DHT treatment with increased proliferation, regardless of androgen receptor expression levels. TSP1, an anti-angiogenic factor whose expression is inhibited by androgens, had decreased expression in bladders of UPII-SV40T mice compared to wild-type. Castration increased TSP1 levels in UPII-SV40T mice compared to intact mice. TSP1 protein expression was higher in 8 of 10 human bladder biopsies of normal versus malignant tissue from the same patients. Conclusion

  4. Palliation of dysphagia with radiotherapy for exophytic base tongue metastases in a case of renal cell carcinoma

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    Tabassum Wadasadawala

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Base tongue involvement is a rare presentation of lingual metastases from renal cell carcinoma. A 48-year-old gentleman was treated with open radical nephrectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy for Stage II Furhman grade I clear cell carcinoma of the left kidney at an outside hospital. He presented metachronously 5 years later with progressive dysphagia and change of voice. Clinicoradiological evaluation revealed a large exophytic mass in the oropharynx with epicenter in the right base of tongue. Metastatic workup revealed widespread dissemination to multiple organs and bone. In view of predominant symptom of dysphagia, base tongue metastasis was treated with protracted course of palliative radiotherapy to a dose of 50 Gy in conventional fractionation over 5 weeks. This resulted in excellent and durable response at the base tongue lesion (till the time of last follow-up. Radiation therapy is an acceptable palliative strategy for advanced lingual metastasis as it produces prompt relief of pain, bleeding, and dysphagia.

  5. Exophytic pilocytic astrocytoma of the brain stem in an adult with encasement of the caudal cranial nerve complex (IX-XII): presurgical anatomical neuroimaging using MRI

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    Yousry, Indra; Yousry, Tarek A. [Department of Neuroradiology, Klinikum Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377, Munich (Germany); Muacevic, Alexander; Olteanu-Nerbe, Vlad [Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich (Germany); Naidich, Thomas P. [Department of Radiology, Section of Neuroradiology, Mount Sinai Hospital, New York (United States)

    2004-07-01

    We describe a rare case of adult pilocytic astrocytoma in which exophytic growth from the brain stem presented as a right cerebellopontine angle mass. An initial MRI examination using T2- and T1-weighted images without and with contrast suggested the diagnosis of schwannoma. Subsequent use of 3D CISS (three-dimensional constructive interference in steady state) and T1-weighted contrast-enhanced 3D MP-RAGE (three-dimensional magnetization prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo) sequences led to the diagnosis of an exophytic brain stem tumor, documented the precise relationships of the tumor to cranial nerve VIII, revealed encasement of cranial nerves IX-XII (later confirmed intraoperatively), and provided the proper basis for planning surgical management. (orig.)

  6. The Morphometrical and Histopathological Changes which were Observed after Topical Ozone Therapy on an Exophytic Fibrous Gingival Lesion: A Case Report

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    Patel, Punit Vaibhav; Gujjari, Sheela Kumar

    2013-01-01

    We are presenting 2 cases where ozone therapy was used in the form of ozonated oil on an exophytic fibrous gingival lesion. A 42-years female patient was selected, who presented with a mild to moderately painful, exophytic, fibrous lesion on the upper anterior gingiva. This gingival lesion was treated with 2ml of ozonated oil, thrice daily for one week. After the ozone therapy, the postoperative outcomes were measured and analyzed. Finally, the lesion was subjected to an excisional biopsy and a histopathological evaluation. After the ozone therapy, the patient revealed that there was less pain. On examination of the lesion, an improvement was observed in the clinical sign of the inflammation and also a reduction in the surface ulceration. During the final biopsy, less bleeding was observed. The morphometrical analysis showed a reduction in the size of the lesion. The histopathological analysis showed a reduction in the collagen fibres and in the inflammatory cells in the connective tissue stroma. Topical ozone therapy provides potential benefits for the treatment of exophytic gingival lesions. The observed benefits in present case report needs to be verified in future with well-controlled clinical trials. PMID:23905150

  7. The Morphometrical and Histopathological Changes which were Observed after Topical Ozone Therapy on an Exophytic Fibrous Gingival Lesion: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Punit Vaibhav; Gujjari, Sheela Kumar

    2013-06-01

    We are presenting 2 cases where ozone therapy was used in the form of ozonated oil on an exophytic fibrous gingival lesion. A 42-years female patient was selected, who presented with a mild to moderately painful, exophytic, fibrous lesion on the upper anterior gingiva. This gingival lesion was treated with 2ml of ozonated oil, thrice daily for one week. After the ozone therapy, the postoperative outcomes were measured and analyzed. Finally, the lesion was subjected to an excisional biopsy and a histopathological evaluation. After the ozone therapy, the patient revealed that there was less pain. On examination of the lesion, an improvement was observed in the clinical sign of the inflammation and also a reduction in the surface ulceration. During the final biopsy, less bleeding was observed. The morphometrical analysis showed a reduction in the size of the lesion. The histopathological analysis showed a reduction in the collagen fibres and in the inflammatory cells in the connective tissue stroma. Topical ozone therapy provides potential benefits for the treatment of exophytic gingival lesions. The observed benefits in present case report needs to be verified in future with well-controlled clinical trials.

  8. Mixed

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    Pau Baya

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Remenat (Catalan (Mixed, "revoltillo" (Scrambled in Spanish, is a dish which, in Catalunya, consists of a beaten egg cooked with vegetables or other ingredients, normally prawns or asparagus. It is delicious. Scrambled refers to the action of mixing the beaten egg with other ingredients in a pan, normally using a wooden spoon Thought is frequently an amalgam of past ideas put through a spinner and rhythmically shaken around like a cocktail until a uniform and dense paste is made. This malleable product, rather like a cake mixture can be deformed pulling it out, rolling it around, adapting its shape to the commands of one’s hands or the tool which is being used on it. In the piece Mixed, the contortion of the wood seeks to reproduce the plasticity of this slow heavy movement. Each piece lays itself on the next piece consecutively like a tongue of incandescent lava slowly advancing but with unstoppable inertia.

  9. High-performance mixed-matrix membranes with altered interfacial and surface chemistry through benign reinforcement of functionalized carbon nanotubes of different configurations

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    S. Kar

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Nanomaterials potentially minimize the inherent trade-off between productivity and selectivity of membranebased ultrafiltration (UF process. A comparative study on the reinforcement effect of pristine carbon nanotubes (CNTs of three different configurations, viz. single-walled (SWNT, double-walled (DWNT and multi-walled (MWNT, and their carboxylated counterparts, onto a polysulfone (Psf host matrix of mixed-matrix UF membranes is illustrated herein. The varying structural features of carboxylated CNTs, probed by XPS analysis, underpin the enrichment of CNTs with oxygen rich functionalities following the trend of MWNT > DWNT > SWNT. The membranes with enhanced hydrophilicity and altered electrokinetics substantiate the efficacy of facilitated reinforcement of functionalized CNTs over the pristine ones. Variations in surface topography and mechanical feature of the membranes elucidate that carboxylation influences the interfacial chemistry by enhancing the dispersion stability of MWNTs more profoundly than its configurational counterparts like SWNTs and DWNTs, and concurrently alters its distribution within the membranous matrix. The enhanced ultrafiltration performances, as achieved by twofold enhancement in solvent fluxes without compromise in the solute rejection capabilities (~89–90% toward PEG, Mw: 35 kDa, confirm the potential of carboxylated CNTs in leading to development of high-performance mixed-matrix membranes.

  10. Benign Epilepsy in Children

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    Sook-Cheng Chan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The diagnosis of benign epilepsy syndrome should meet the following criteria: age-related and self-limited; good response to medication; and no obvious neurological sequelae after seizure. However, the current concept of benign epilepsy syndrome has been challenged because of the advancements in genetic studies, neuroimaging, and molecular techniques. Many studies have revealed that the prevalence of behavioral problems and learning difficulties as well as subtle cognitive deficits is higher among patients with benign epilepsy, compared with the normal population. Here, we review updated results of these studies to show the latest and broad comprehensive knowledge of benign epilepsy in children.

  11. [Benign paroxysmal vertigo or benign postural vertigo].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boniver, R

    1998-09-01

    This paper defines the benign paroxysmal vertigo (BPV). It recalls the etiopathogenicity of this syndrome and describes the different types of BPV and their treatment by "liberatory maneuvers". The paper also discusses the need for an otoneurological examination to reach an exact diagnosis.

  12. Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) - resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resources - benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); Prostate enlargement resources; BPH resources ... following organizations provide information on benign prostatic hyperplasia ( prostate enlargement ): National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse -- ...

  13. Benign focal hepatic lesions; Benigne fokale Leberlaesionen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baroud, S.; Bastati, N.; Prosch, H.; Ba-Ssalamah, A. [AKH, Medizinische Universitaet Wien, Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiodiagnostik, Wien (Austria); Schima, W. [Krankenhaus Goettlicher Heiland, Wien, Abteilung fuer Radiologie und Bildgebende Diagnostik, Wien (Austria)

    2011-08-15

    A profound knowledge of the various benign focal hepatic lesions and selection of the most suitable radiological examination modality is essential for achieving an accurate characterization of a hepatic lesion and in turn will determine the further patient management. This will avoid unnecessary agitation to both patient and the referring clinician and limits time-consuming, costly and risky biopsies to an absolute minimum. The following article will discuss the typical and atypical appearances of the most frequent and clinically relevant benign focal hepatic lesions with ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. (orig.) [German] Eine genaue Kenntnis des breiten Spektrums benigner fokaler Leberlaesionen und der geeigneten radiologischen Untersuchungsmethode ist essenziell, um eine sichere Diagnose bzgl. der Dignitaet und damit das weitere Vorgehen bestimmen zu koennen. Damit wird eine unnoetige Verunsicherung des Patienten und des behandelnden Arztes vermieden, und invasive, eventuell mit Komplikationen assoziierte Biopsien sowie zeit- und kostenintensive Verlaufskontrollen koennen reduziert werden. Der folgende Artikel erlaeutert die haeufigsten und klinisch wichtigsten benignen fokalen Leberlaesionen und deren typisches und atypisches Erscheinen in den 3 haeufig verwendeten bildgebenden Verfahren Sonographie, Computertomographie und Magnetresonanztomographie. (orig.)

  14. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... as well as heart disease and use of beta blockers, might increase the risk of BPH. Lifestyle. Obesity ... believed to increase your risk of developing prostate cancer. By Mayo Clinic Staff Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) ...

  15. Persistent benign pleural effusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porcel, J M

    In this narrative review we describe the main aetiologies, clinical characteristics and treatment for patients with benign pleural effusion that characteristically persists over time: chylothorax and cholesterol effusions, nonexpansible lung, rheumatoid pleural effusion, tuberculous empyema, benign asbestos pleural effusion and yellow nail syndrome. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna (SEMI). All rights reserved.

  16. Prognostic parameters in benign astrocytomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westergaard, L; Gjerris, F; Klinken, L

    1993-01-01

    To elucidate the prognosis of different types of benign astrocytomas and to ascertain whether patients with partially resected benign astrocytomas, or any subtype of these, would benefit from postoperative radiotherapy, we studied retrospectively material comprising 300 patients with benign astro...... time of patients with non-pilocytic supratentorial benign astrocytomas. The study emphasizes the necessity of a prospective combined multicenter analysis of the effect of radiation on benign astrocytomas....

  17. [Benign chronic pain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serrie, A; Thurel, C

    1994-09-15

    Recent data indicate that 25 to 30% of the population in industrialized countries suffers from benign chronic pain. Among these patients, 50 to 75% are professionally incapable for varied lengths of time, from a few days to some weeks or months, or even definitively. The aetiology and clinical presentation of chronic benign pain are enormously varied because this definition includes such different pathologies as headache, pain of rheumatologic, postsurgical, organic, and post-zoster origin, lombalgia, radiculalgia, post-amputation pain, neuropathologic pain, causalgia, algoneurodystrophic pain, psychosomatic and idiopathic pain. Since these syndromes and causes of pain could not be discussed individually, they have been grouped according to their neurophysiology and pathophysiology.

  18. Benign rheumatoid nodules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murthy P

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Rheumatoid nodules occur usually in advanced seropositive rheumatoid arthritis, signifying poor prognosis. However rarely rheumatoid nodules can be encountered in patients with no antecedent evidence of arthritis. Herein a case of an arthritic benign rheumatoid nodules is described.

  19. Benign notochordal cell tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez Gamarra, C; Bernabéu Taboada, D; Pozo Kreilinger, J J; Tapia Viñé, M

    2017-08-01

    Benign notochordal cell tumors (TBCN) are lesions with notochordal differentiation which affect the axial skeleton. They are characterized by asymptomatic or non-specific symptomatology and are radiologically unnoticed because of their small size, or because they are mistaken with other benign bone lesions, such as vertebral hemangiomas. When they are large, or symptomatic, can be differential diagnosis with metastases, primary bone tumors and chordomas. We present a case of a TBCN in a 50-year-old woman, with a sacral lesion seen in MRI. A CT-guided biopsy was scheduled to analyze the lesion, finding that the tumor was not clearly recognizable on CT, so the anatomical references of MRI were used to select the appropriate plane. The planning of the approach and the radio-pathological correlation were determinant to reach the definitive diagnosis. Copyright © 2017 SERAM. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Benign pneumatosis in children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fenton, L.Z.; Buonomo, C. [Department of Radiology, Children' s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)

    2000-11-01

    Background. In pediatrics, pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is usually due to necrotizing enterocolitis in premature newborns. Beyond infancy, PI is uncommon. ''Benign pneumatosis'' is PI in patients with few or no symptoms that resolves with conservative management. Objective. Our goal was to better characterize benign PI in children. Our investigation focused on identifying underlying risk factors, symptoms at time of diagnosis, management and outcome. Materials and methods. Available medical records and radiographs of children with pneumatosis intestinalis from 1990 to 1998 were reviewed for underlying conditions, symptoms at time of radiographs, management and outcome. Results. Thirty-seven children (mean age 4 years) were included. Thirty-two children had identifiable risk factors. Twenty -five children were immunocompromised by their underlying conditions or therapeutic regimen. Thirty-five children were managed conservatively with resolution of PI. Two patients, however, required surgery and one patient died. Conclusion. Benign pneumatosis does occur in children. The majority have underlying risk factors, most commonly related to immunosuppression. Clinical deterioration is the most useful indicator for surgical intervention. In most patients PI resolves with conservative management. (orig.)

  1. Prostate Enlargement: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the Prostate Prostate Enlargement (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) Prostate Enlargement (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) What is benign prostatic ... associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia. What is the prostate? The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that ...

  2. Ultrasonographic findings of benign soft tissue tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ki Sung; Oh, Dong Heon; Jung, Tae Gun; Kim, Yong Kil; Kwon, Jung Hyeok [Dongkang Genernal Hospital, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-05-15

    To clarify the characteristic sonographic features of benign soft tissue tumors and to evaluate the usefulness of sonographic imaging. We retrospectively reviewed ultrasonographic images of 70 cases in 68 patients with histologically proved benign soft tissue tumors. The tumors include 33 lipomas, 11 hemangiomas, 11 lymphangiomas, 7 neurilemmomas, 4 epidermoid cysts, 2 fibromas, 1 mesenchymoma, and 1 myxoma. The sonographic appearances of the lesions were mainly solid in 53 cases(33 lipomas, 8 hemangiomas, 2 lymphangiomas, 7 neurilemmomas, 2 fibromas and 1 mesenchymoma), mainly cystic in 14 cases(1 hemangioma, 8 lymphangiomas, 4 epidermoid cysts, and 1 myxomal), and mixed in 3 cases(2 hemangiomas and 1 lymphangioma). Although an accurate histologic prediction could not be made in most cases, certain patterns appeared to be characteristic of specific tumor types. 26 cases(78%) of lipoma were seen as lentiform, iso- or hyperechoic, solid mass. Hemangioma had variable appearance and characteristic calcifications were seen in 3 cases. Unicameral or multiseptated cystic mass with variable thickness of echogenic septa and solid portion was the characteristic finding of lymhangioma. Neurilemmoma showed lobulated, oval to round , relatively hypoechoic mass or with without internal cystic portion. Sonographic evaluation of benign soft tissue tumors is useful in demonstrating the location, size, extent, and internal characteristic of the mass. A relatively confident diagnosis can made when the characteristic features of the benign soft tissue tumor are present on sonographic imaging.

  3. Coexisting hybrid malignancy in a solitary sporadic solid benign renal mass: implications for treating patients following renal biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginzburg, Serge; Uzzo, Robert; Al-Saleem, Tahseen; Dulaimi, Essel; Walton, John; Corcoran, Anthony; Plimack, Elizabeth; Mehrazin, Reza; Tomaszewski, Jeffrey; Viterbo, Rosalia; Chen, David Y T; Greenberg, Richard; Smaldone, Marc; Kutikov, Alexander

    2014-02-01

    Concern regarding coexisting malignant pathology in benign renal tumors deters renal biopsy and questions its validity. We examined the rates of coexisting malignant and high grade pathology in resected benign solid solitary renal tumors. Using our prospectively maintained database we identified 1,829 patients with a solitary solid renal tumor who underwent surgical resection between 1994 and 2012. Lesions containing elements of renal oncocytoma, angiomyolipoma or another benign pathology formed the basis for this analysis. Patients with an oncocytic malignancy without classic oncocytoma and those with known hereditary syndromes were excluded from study. We identified 147 patients with pathologically proven elements of renal oncocytoma (96), angiomyolipoma (44) or another solid benign pathology (7). Median tumor size was 3.0 cm (IQR 2.2-4.5). As quantified by the R.E.N.A.L. (radius, exophytic/endophytic, nearness to collecting system or sinus, anterior/posterior and location relative to polar lines) nephrometry score, tumor anatomical complexity was low in 28% of cases, moderate in 56% and high in 16%. Only 4 patients (2.7%) were documented as having hybrid malignant pathology, all involving chromophobe renal cell carcinoma in the setting of renal oncocytoma. At a median followup of 44 months (IQR 33-55) no patient with a hybrid tumor experienced regional or metastatic progression. In our cohort of patients with a solitary, sporadic, solid benign renal mass fewer than 3% of tumors showed coexisting hybrid malignancy. Importantly, no patient harbored coexisting high grade pathology. These data suggest that uncertainty regarding hybrid malignant pathology coexisting with benign pathological components should not deter renal biopsy, especially in the elderly and comorbid populations. Copyright © 2014 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Environmentally Benign Stab Detonators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gash, A E

    2006-07-07

    The coupling of energetic metallic multilayers (a.k.a. flash metal) with energetic sol-gel synthesis and processing is an entirely new approach to forming energetic devices for several DoD and DOE needs. They are also practical and commercially viable manufacturing techniques. Improved occupational safety and health, performance, reliability, reproducibility, and environmentally acceptable processing can be achieved using these methodologies and materials. The development and fielding of this technology will enhance mission readiness and reduce the costs, environmental risks and the necessity of resolving environmental concerns related to maintaining military readiness while simultaneously enhancing safety and health. Without sacrificing current performance, we will formulate new impact initiated device (IID) compositions to replace materials from the current composition that pose significant environmental, health, and safety problems associated with functions such as synthesis, material receipt, storage, handling, processing into the composition, reaction products from testing, and safe disposal. To do this, we will advance the use of nanocomposite preparation via the use of multilayer flash metal and sol-gel technologies and apply it to new small IIDs. This work will also serve to demonstrate that these technologies and resultant materials are relevant and practical to a variety of energetic needs of DoD and DOE. The goal will be to produce an IID whose composition is acceptable by OSHA, EPA, the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Resource Recovery Act, etc. standards, without sacrificing current performance. The development of environmentally benign stab detonators and igniters will result in the removal of hazardous and toxic components associated with their manufacturing, handling, and use. This will lead to improved worker safety during manufacturing as well as reduced exposure of Service personnel during their storage and or use in operations. The

  5. Benign breast disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamed, H; Fentiman, I S

    2001-09-01

    Benign breast disorders (BBD), classified by the ANDI system (aberrations of normal development and involution), constitute the major workload in breast clinics. Breast pain (mastalgia) is classified as cyclical, and non-cyclical extramammary causes such as ribircage pain have to be identified. Most patients need reassurance alone but those with moderate/severe pain present for > 6 months may need treatment: randomised trials have shown danazol, bromocriptine and tamoxifen to be effective. Fibroadenoma is the commonest benign solid lump in women aged 15-30 years. The diagnosis must be confirmed by triple assessment. Cysts occur usually in women of middle to late reproductive life. After ultrasound has confirmed the lump as cystic, it can be aspirated. Nipple discharge should be tested for the presence of haemoglobin (Hb). Those with HB+ discharge may require microdochectomy for treatment and diagnosis, common causes being duct papilloma and duct ectasia. Breast abscesses may occur during lactation or in women with duct ectasia and are treated by incision or aspiration together with antibiotics.

  6. Prognostic parameters in benign astrocytomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westergaard, L; Gjerris, F; Klinken, L

    1993-01-01

    To elucidate the prognosis of different types of benign astrocytomas and to ascertain whether patients with partially resected benign astrocytomas, or any subtype of these, would benefit from postoperative radiotherapy, we studied retrospectively material comprising 300 patients with benign...... astrocytomas treated in the period 1956 to 1991. The pilocytic type of astrocytoma was found to have an outstandingly good prognosis and should be regarded as a distinct nosological entity. For the non-pilocytic supratentorial astrocytomas, a multivariate regression analysis showed that age, tumour site...... time of patients with non-pilocytic supratentorial benign astrocytomas. The study emphasizes the necessity of a prospective combined multicenter analysis of the effect of radiation on benign astrocytomas....

  7. Facts for Life: Benign Breast Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Benign breast conditions (also known as benign breast diseases) are noncancerous disorders that affect the breast. Your doctor may use the term “fibrocystic change” to describe a range of benign breast ...

  8. Utility of the RENAL index -Radius; Exophytic/endophytic; Nearness to sinus; Anterior/posterior; Location relative to polar lines- in the management of renal masses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konstantinidis, C; Trilla, E; Lorente, D; Morote, J

    2016-12-01

    The growing incidence of renal masses and the wide range of available treatments require predictive tools that support the decision making process. The RENAL index -Radius; Exophytic/endophytic; Nearness to sinus; Anterior/posterior; Location relative to polar lines- helps standardise the anatomy of a renal mass by differentiating 3 groups of complexity. Since the introduction of the index, there have been a growing number of studies, some of which have been conflicting, that have evaluated the clinical utility of its implementation. To analyse the scientific evidence on the relationship between the RENAL index and the main strategies for managing renal masses. A search was conducted in the Medline database, which found 576 references on the RENAL index. In keeping with the PRISM Declaration, we selected 100 abstracts and ultimately reviewed 96 articles. The RENAL index has a high degree of interobserver correlation and has been validated as a predictive nomogram of histological results. In active surveillance, the index has been related to the tumour growth rate and probability of nephrectomy. In ablative therapy, the index has been associated with therapeutic efficacy, complications and tumour recurrence. In partial nephrectomy, the index has been related to the rate of complications, conversion to radical surgery, ischaemia time, function preservation and tumour recurrence, a finding also observed in radical nephrectomy. The RENAL index is an objective, reproducible and useful system as a predictive tool of highly relevant clinical parameters such as the rate of complications, ischaemia time, renal function and oncological results in the various currently accepted treatments for the management of renal masses. Copyright © 2016 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  9. Environmentally Benign Stab Detonators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gash, A

    2005-12-21

    Many energetic systems can be activated via mechanical means. Percussion primers in small caliber ammunition and stab detonators used in medium caliber ammunition are just two examples. Current medium caliber (20-60mm) munitions are detonated through the use of impact sensitive stab detonators. Stab detonators are very sensitive and must be small, as to meet weight and size limitations. A mix of energetic powders, sensitive to mechanical stimulus, is typically used to ignite such devices. Stab detonators are mechanically activated by forcing a firing pin through the closure disc of the device and into the stab initiating mix. Rapid heating caused by mechanically driven compression and friction of the mixture results in its ignition. The rapid decomposition of these materials generates a pressure/temperature pulse that is sufficient to initiate a transfer charge, which has enough output energy to detonate the main charge. This general type of ignition mix is used in a large variety of primers, igniters, and detonators.[1] Common primer mixes, such as NOL-130, are made up of lead styphnate (basic) 40%, lead azide (dextrinated) 20%, barium nitrate 20%, antimony sulfide 15%, and tetrazene 5%.[1] These materials pose acute and chronic toxicity hazards during mixing of the composition and later in the item life cycle after the item has been field functioned. There is an established need to replace these mixes on toxicity, health, and environmental hazard grounds. This effort attempts to demonstrate that environmentally acceptable energetic solgel coated flash metal multilayer nanocomposites can be used to replace current impact initiated devices (IIDs), which have hazardous and toxic components. Successful completion of this project will result in IIDs that include innocuous compounds, have sufficient output energy for initiation, meet current military specifications, are small, cost competitive, and perform as well as or better than current devices. We expect flash

  10. Benign fibrous histiocytoma of the lumbar vertebrae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demiralp, Bahtiyar; Oguz, Erbil; Sehirlioglu, Ali [Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Ankara (Turkey); Kose, Ozkan [Diyarbakir Education and Research Hospital, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Diyarbakir (Turkey); Ataslar Serhat Evleri, Diclekent Bulvari, Diyarbakir (Turkey); Sanal, Tuba [Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Radiology, Ankara (Turkey); Ozcan, Ayhan [Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Pathology, Ankara (Turkey)

    2009-02-15

    Benign fibrous histiocytoma is an extremely rare spinal tumor with ten reported cases in the literature. Benign fibrous histiocytoma constitutes a diagnostic challenge because it shares common clinical symptoms, radiological characteristics, and histological features with other benign lesions involving the spine. We present a case of benign fibrous histiocytoma of the lumbar spine and discuss its differential diagnosis and management. (orig.)

  11. Radical pancreaticoduodenectomy for benign disease.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kavanagh, D O

    2008-01-01

    Whipple\\'s procedure is the treatment of choice for pancreatic and periampullary malignancies. Preoperative histological confirmation of malignancy is frequently unavailable and some patients will subsequently be found to have benign disease. Here, we review our experience with Whipple\\'s procedure for patients ultimately proven to have benign disease. The medical records of all patients who underwent Whipple\\'s procedure during a 15-year period (1987-2002) were reviewed; 112 patients underwent the procedure for suspected malignancy. In eight cases, the final histology was benign (7.1%). One additional patient was known to have benign disease at resection. The mean age was 50 years (range: 30-75). The major presenting features included jaundice (five), pain (two), gastric outlet obstruction (one), and recurrent gastrointestinal haemorrhage (one). Investigations included ultrasound (eight), computerised tomography (eight), endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (seven; of these, four patients had a stent inserted and three patients had sampling for cytology), and endoscopic ultrasound (two). The pathological diagnosis included benign biliary stricture (two), chronic pancreatitis (two), choledochal cyst (one), inflammatory pseudotumour (one), cystic duodenal wall dysplasia (one), duodenal angiodysplasia (one), and granular cell neoplasm (one). There was no operative mortality. Morbidity included intra-abdominal collection (one), anastomotic leak (one), liver abscess (one), and myocardial infarction (one). All patients remain alive and well at mean follow-up of 41 months. Despite recent advances in diagnostic imaging, 8% of the patients undergoing Whipple\\'s procedure had benign disease. A range of unusual pathological entities can mimic malignancy. Accurate preoperative histological diagnosis may have allowed a less radical operation to be performed. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspirate (EUS-FNA) may reduce the need for Whipple\\'s operation

  12. Radical Pancreaticoduodenectomy for Benign Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. O. Kavanagh

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Whipple's procedure is the treatment of choice for pancreatic and periampullary malignancies. Preoperative histological confirmation of malignancy is frequently unavailable and some patients will subsequently be found to have benign disease. Here, we review our experience with Whipple's procedure for patients ultimately proven to have benign disease. The medical records of all patients who underwent Whipple's procedure during a 15-year period (1987–2002 were reviewed; 112 patients underwent the procedure for suspected malignancy. In eight cases, the final histology was benign (7.1%. One additional patient was known to have benign disease at resection. The mean age was 50 years (range: 30–75. The major presenting features included jaundice (five, pain (two, gastric outlet obstruction (one, and recurrent gastrointestinal haemorrhage (one. Investigations included ultrasound (eight, computerised tomography (eight, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (seven; of these, four patients had a stent inserted and three patients had sampling for cytology, and endoscopic ultrasound (two. The pathological diagnosis included benign biliary stricture (two, chronic pancreatitis (two, choledochal cyst (one, inflammatory pseudotumour (one, cystic duodenal wall dysplasia (one, duodenal angiodysplasia (one, and granular cell neoplasm (one. There was no operative mortality. Morbidity included intra-abdominal collection (one, anastomotic leak (one, liver abscess (one, and myocardial infarction (one. All patients remain alive and well at mean follow-up of 41 months. Despite recent advances in diagnostic imaging, 8% of the patients undergoing Whipple'’s procedure had benign disease. A range of unusual pathological entities can mimic malignancy. Accurate preoperative histological diagnosis may have allowed a less radical operation to be performed. Endoscopic ultrasound–guided fine needle aspirate (EUS-FNA may reduce the need for Whipple's operation in

  13. Mesotherapy for benign symmetric lipomatosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasegawa, Toshio; Matsukura, Tomoyuki; Ikeda, Shigaku

    2010-04-01

    Benign symmetric lipomatosis, also known as Madelung disease, is a rare disorder characterized by fat distribution around the shoulders, arms, and neck in the context of chronic alcoholism. Complete excision of nonencapsulated lipomas is difficult. However, reports describing conservative therapeutic measures for lipomatosis are rare. The authors present the case of a 42-year-old man with a diagnosis of benign symmetric lipomatosis who had multiple, large, symmetrical masses in his neck. Multiple phosphatidylcholine injections in the neck were administered 4 weeks apart, a total of seven times to achieve lipolysis. The patient's lipomatosis improved in response to the injections, and he achieved good cosmetic results. Intralesional injection, termed mesotherapy, using phosphatidylcholine is a potentially effective therapy for benign symmetric lipomatosis that should be reconsidered as a therapeutic option for this disease.

  14. Benign concentric annular macular dystrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luísa Salles de Moura Mendonça

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the authors is to show clinical findings of a patient with benign concentric annular macular dystrophy, which is an unusual condition, and part of the "bull’s eye" maculopathy differential diagnosis. An ophthalmologic examination with color perception, fluorescein angiography, and ocular electrophysiology was performed.

  15. Benign Breast Problems and Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nipple is a common benign breast symptom. During pregnancy, nipple discharge is normal as the breasts get ready to produce milk. In women who are not pregnant, it can be caused by hormonal changes. Some medications can cause nipple discharge. Nipple discharge ...

  16. Benign dermoscopic features in melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Stefani, A; Massone, C; Soyer, H P; Zalaudek, I; Argenziano, G; Arzberger, E; Lozzi, G P; Chimenti, S; Hofmann-Wellenhof, R

    2014-06-01

    Various dermoscopic features are usually associated with benign melanocytic lesions. Our objective was to determine frequency and extension of benign dermoscopic features (BDF) in melanoma. Retrospective review of dermoscopic images of a consecutive series of 516 histopathologically proven melanomas collected in 6 years in Graz. Correlation of BDF with mean Breslow thickness, with presence/absence of associated benign nevus component and with the pre-operative clinico-dermoscopic diagnosis, as reported on the original histopathologic reports. In addition to melanoma specific criteria, 42% of melanomas showed BDF. In 12.3% cases, the benign features occupied more than the half of the lesion. The BDF typical pigment network, homogeneous pattern and regular globules/cobblestone pattern had the highest frequency. BDF were associated with relatively thinner melanomas (mean Breslow thickness of 0.51 mm). The presence of BDF was observed in 67.1% of histopathologically documented nevus-associated melanoma and in 35.7% of melanoma de novo. A pre-operative clinico-dermoscopic diagnosis of melanoma was achieved in only 54.1% of cases displaying BDF. A significant proportion of melanomas may exhibit BDF. Clinicians should be aware of the presence of BDF in melanoma as possible diagnostic pitfall. © 2013 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.

  17. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    West, Niels; Hansen, Søren; Bloch, Sune Land

    2017-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) remains the most frequent cause of vertigo. The TRV chair is a mechanical device suited for optimization of managing complex cases of BPPV. Although the use of repositioning devices in the management of BPPV is increasing, no applicable guide for the TRV...

  18. [Evalution of benign prostatic hyperplasia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desgrandchamps, François

    2005-11-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a disorder of aging men and according to reasons for consultation its incidence is continually increasing in parallel with the constant increase in life expectancy. Recommendations about its management have been made by numerous national and international, scientific authorities and those responsible for public health. However, despite a rationale based on regularly published data, there are many disparities between them and they are only partially followed up in routine practice. The purpose of a working group during the "2nd Interfaces in Urology" was to make a new assessment on this disorder with regard to the most recent data and existing recommendations, in order to offer clinicians a clearer attitude for the prescription of the initial evaluation of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

  19. Radiological and histopathological study of benign tumors of the mandible

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoo, Seon Young; Baek, Seung Yon; Choi, Kyung Hee; Suh, Jeung Soo; Rhee, Chung Sik; Kim, Hee Seup [Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1984-06-15

    Benign tumors of the mandible are uncommon lesions. That were classified into odontogenic tumors and nonodontogenic tumors. Author reviewed the radiological evaluation and pathological microscopic finding from 33 benign tumors of the mandible that were confirmed by the biopsy during last 10 years in Dental Clinics, Ewha Womans University Hospital and Seoul National University Dental Hospital. Following results were obtained; 1. Benign tumors of the mandible were classified into odontogenic (66.7%) and non-odontogenic tumors (33.3%). 2. The range of the age distribution was between 6 years and 67 years old. The commonest age group was the second decade (39.4%). 3. There was no difference to sex distribution. 4. The most frequent location was the body of the mandible (42.4%). 5. Radiographic findings were relatively characteristic in odontogenic tumors rather than non-odontogenic tumors. 1) Radiolucent cystic lesions-ameloblastoma, odontogenic myxoma, odontogenic fibtoma, aneurysmal bone cyst and neurofibroma. 2) Radiopaque mass lesions-odontoma, cementoma and osteoma. 3) Mixed patterns-ossifying fibroma, cementifying fibroma, calcifying odontogenic epithelial tumor and hemangioma. It was concluded that the radiographic examination was of value to diagnose the benign tumors of the mandible in symptomless patients.

  20. Blue breath holding is benign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, J B

    1991-01-01

    In their recent publication in this journal, Southall et al described typical cyanotic breath holding spells, both in otherwise healthy children and in those with brainstem lesions and other malformations. Their suggestions regarding possible autonomic disturbances may require further study, but they have adduced no scientific evidence to contradict the accepted view that in the intact child blue breath holding spells are benign. Those families in which an infant suffers an 'apparently life threatening event' deserve immense understanding and help, and it behoves investigators to exercise extreme care and self criticism in the presentation of new knowledge which may bear upon their management and their morale. PMID:2001115

  1. PHLEOMORPHIC ADENOMA (BENIGN MIXED TUMOR PADA PALATUM MOLLE (LAPORAN KASUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigit Supartono

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Phleomorphic adenoma is the most commonly found tumor of the salivary glands. This tumor is usually found in the postero-lateral region of the hard palate. In this case, a phelomorphic adenoma situated in the oropharynx region was reported. The CT-Scan results showed an expansive and infiltrative appearance, suspected to be a malignancy, where wide excision was previously planned to be carried out. During surgery, the mass was found pedunculated in the soft palate. It was then decided to perform an exicision as the choice of therapy.

  2. [Benign partial epilepsies of childhood].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palencia, R

    To carry out, by means of a literature review, an update of the entities that can be included within the group of benign partial epilepsies of childhood. Among partial epilepsies with onset in the first stages of life, a group extended in the last years with a favourable course and a trend to reverse, even spontaneously, has been identified. Some of these entities have a genetic origin but we do not know the mechanisms by which these epilepsies show a self limited course, which have given rise to the denomination of epilepsy that comes and goes; nevertheless, an evolution to other more complex forms is also possible. Benign partial epilepsies of childhood constitute a wide group of conditions of varied semiology, usually with a good prognosis even without treatment. Occasionally, these epilepsies may show a more unfavourable course with a worsening, in spite of medication, and the appearance of neurologic and neuropsychologic disorders. All these aspects must be known and considered by the physician in charge of these patients management.

  3. Benign Papules and Nodules of Oral Mucosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Salih Gürel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews some of the more common benign oral papules and nodules of oral mucosa with emphasis on their etiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, histopathology, and treatment. These lesions include mucocele, traumatic fibroma, epulis, pyogenic granuloma, oral papilloma, oral warts, lymphangioma, hemangioma, lipoma, oral nevi and some soft tissue benign tumors. These benign lesions must be separated clinically and histologically from precancerous and malign neoplastic lesions. Accurate clinico-pathological diagnosis is mandatory to insure appropriate therapy.

  4. Benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma) in a cat

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Villamizar-Martinez, Lenin A; Reiter, Alexander M; Sánchez, Melissa D; Soltero-Rivera, Maria M

    2016-01-01

    .... It was identified as a benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma). There was proliferation of mineralized eosinophilic material with multiple irregularly placed lacunae and reversal lines, reminiscent of cementum...

  5. Design of environmentally benign processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hostrup, Martin; Harper, Peter Mathias; Gani, Rafiqul

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents a hybrid method for design of environmentally benign processes. The hybrid method integrates mathematical modelling with heuristic approaches to solving the optimisation problems related to separation process synthesis and solvent design and selection. A structured method...... of solution, which employs thermodynamic insights to reduce the complexity and size of the mathematical problem by eliminating redundant alternatives, has been developed for the hybrid method. Separation process synthesis and design problems related to the removal of a chemical species from process streams...... because of environmental constraints are particularly suited for solution with the hybrid method. Application of the hybrid method is highlighted through two illustrative examples. The first example involves the determination of an optimal flowsheet for the removal of a chemical species from an azeotropic...

  6. Benign paroxysmal torticollis in infancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitrijević Lidija

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Benign paroxysmal torticollis (BPT is an episodic functional disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by the periods of torticollic posturing of the head, that occurs in the early months of life in healthy children. Case report. We reported two patients with BPT. In the first patient the symptoms were observed at the age of day 20, and disappeared at the age of 3 years. There were 10 episodes, of which 2 were followed by vomiting, pallor, irritability and the abnormal trunk posture. In the second patient, a 12-month-old girl, BPT started from day 15. She had 4 episodes followed by vomiting in the first year. Both girls had the normal psychomotor development. All diagnostical tests were normal. Conclusion. The recognition of BPT, as well as its clinical course may help to avoid not only unnecessary tests and the treatment, but also the anxiety of the parents.

  7. [Benign fibrous mesothelioma of the pleura].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavem, K; Larmo, A; Rode, L; Weber-Laumann, J A

    1993-09-10

    Benign fibrous mesothelioma of the pleura is rare. The tumour may present in several ways, as shown in our two patients, one with an elevated diaphragm and the other with slowly growing intrathoracic tumour. The tumour may reach a considerable size, is localized, is normally benign, and is curable by surgical resection.

  8. The ABC of benign breast disease

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    now increasing interest because patients demand investigation and treatment of their symptoms. Symptoms of benign ... nipple discharge or nipple change. Aberrations of normal development and involution ... Benign breast disease tends to take a back seat to breast cancer. AARON NDHLUNI. General surgeon, Kingsbury ...

  9. Nocturia and benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laketić Darko

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Nocturia often occurs in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH. The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency of nocturia in patients with BPH. Nocturia and other factors associated with it were also investigated. Methods. Forty patients with the confirmed diagnosis of BPH were studied. Transurethral and transvesical prostatectomy were performed in all the patients. Symptoms were evaluated with the International Prostate Symptom Score before, as well as three and six months after the surgery. All the results were compared with the control group. Results. There was no statistically significant difference between the patients before and after the surgery regarding nocturia. There was, however, a statistically significant difference between the operated patients and the control group regarding nocturia, as well as a statistically significant correlation between noctruia and the age of the patients in both the investigated and the control group. A correlation also existed between nocturia and the prostatic size. Conclusion. There was no statistically significant improvement in symptoms of nocturia after the surgery. It is necessary to be very careful in decision making in patients with nonabsolute indiction for surgery and isolated bothersome symptom of nocturia. Age of a patient should also be considered in the evaluation of favorable result of the surgery because of a significant correlation between noctura and the age of a patient.

  10. Thermotherapy and thermoablation for benign prostatic hyperplasia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gravas, Stavros; Laguna, Pilar; de la Rosette, Jean

    2003-01-01

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: From all the available thermoablative methods for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia, transurethral microwave thermotherapy is considered as standard in minimally invasive management. The literature is enriched by several new studies on transurethral

  11. Genetics Home Reference: benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... expand/collapse boxes. Description Benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC) is characterized by episodes of liver dysfunction called ... a lack of appetite. A common feature of BRIC is the reduced absorption of fat in the ...

  12. Benign Lesions of The Vocal Fold

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozgur Surmelioglu

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Benign lesions of vocal folds are common disorders. Fifty percent of patients who have sound complaints are found to have these lesions after endoscopic and stroboscopic examinations. Benign vocal fold diseases are primarily caused by vibratory trauma. However they may also occur as a result of viral infections and congenital causes. These lesions are often presented with the complaints of dysphonia. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2013; 22(1.000: 86-95

  13. Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Papapaulou Leonidas

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction We report the case of a patient with a benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma and describe its appearance on computed tomography scans and ultrasonography, in correlation with gross clinical and pathological findings. Case presentation A 72-year-old Caucasian woman presented to our emergency department with acute abdomen signs and symptoms. A clinical examination revealed a painful palpable mass in her left abdomen. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography demonstrated the presence of a large cystic mass in her left upper abdomen, adjacent to her left hemidiaphragm. The lower border of the mass extended to the upper margin of her pelvis. A complete resection of the lesion was performed. Pathological analysis showed a benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma. Conclusions Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma is a rare lesion with a non-specific appearance on imaging. Its diagnosis always requires pathological analysis.

  14. Role of Duplex Power Doppler Ultrasound in Differentiation between Malignant and Benign Thyroid Nodules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Algin, Oktay [Ataturk Training and Research Hospital Bilkent, Ankara (Turkmenistan); Algin, Efnan [Gazi University Medical Faculty, Ankara (Turkmenistan); Gokalp, Gokhan; Ocakog, Gokhan; Erdog an, Cuneyt; Saraydaroglu, Ozlem; Ercan Tuncel, Prof [Uludag University Medical Faculty, Bursa (Turkmenistan)

    2010-12-15

    To evaluate the usage of duplex power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) for the differentiation of benign and malignant thyroid nodules. We prospectively examined 77 thyroid nodules in 60 patients undergoing ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Each nodule was described according to size, inner structure, borders, parenchymal echogenicity, peripheral halo formation, and the presence of calcification (Bmode ultrasound findings). Vascularity as determined by PDUS imaging was defined as non-vascular, peripheral, central, or of mixed type. For each nodule, the pulsatility index (PI) and resistive index (RI) values were obtained. Results of FNAB and surgical pathological examination (if available) were used as a proof of final diagnosis to categorize all nodules as benign or malignant. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to establish cut-off, sensitivity, and specificity values associated with RI-PI values. A significant relationship was observed between malignancy and irregular margins, microcalcifications, and hypoechogenicity on ultrasound examination (p < 0.05). The pattern of vascularity as determined by PDUS analysis was not a statistically significant criterion to suggest benign or malignant disease in this study (p > 0.05). The central, peripheral, and mean RI-PI values were higher in malignant nodules when compared to the other cytologies (p < 0.05). Vascularity is not a useful parameter for distinguishing malignant from benign thyroid nodules. However, RI and PI values are useful in distinguishing malignant from benign thyroid nodules

  15. Benign Fibröz Histiositoma

    OpenAIRE

    ÖĞÜTCEN TOLLER, Melahat; ÖZKAN, Nilüfer; YILDIZ, Levent

    2015-01-01

    Benign fibröz histiositoma (BFH), ağız kavitesinde nadir görülen, klinik ve histopatolojik olarak teşhiste karışıklığa yol açan bir tümördür. Bu makalede, sağ mandibular bukkal bölgede görülen bir benign fibröz histiositoma vakası sunularak, klinik ve histopatolojik özellikleri tartışıldı.

  16. A rare case of benign metastasizing leiomyoma†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parissis, Haralambos

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Benign metastasizing leiomyoma is a rare disorder involving distant metastases secondary to a smooth muscle tumour of the myometrium. This case report describes a 48-year-old woman with multiple pulmonary nodules noted on post-operative chest x-ray. Further investigation revealed a history of total abdominal hysterectomy for benign fibroids of the uterus, 6 years prior to the scan. CT-guided fine needle aspirate of the pulmonary nodules showed smooth muscle proliferation within lung parenchyma, suggesting smooth muscle tumour confirmed with immunohistochemistry. Management is still controversial in view of low case numbers; however, treatment with hormone therapy and castration has been attempted. PMID:28959432

  17. The decline of hysterectomy for benign disease.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Horgan, R P

    2012-01-31

    Hysterectomy is one of the most common gynaecological surgical procedures performed but there appears to be a decline in the performance of this procedure in Ireland in recent times. We set out to establish the extent of the decline of hysterectomy and to explore possible explanations. Data for hysterectomy for benign disease from Ireland was obtained from the Hospital In-Patient Enquiry Scheme (HIPE) section of the Economic and Social Research Institute for the years 1999 to 2006. The total number of hysterectomies performed for benign disease showed a consistent decline during this time. There was a 36% reduction in the number of abdominal hysterectomy procedures performed.

  18. [Serenoa repens in benign prostatic hyperplasia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Log, Tomas

    2008-05-29

    Serenoa repens is one of many herbal products used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. The treatment has been studied extensively, but the methodological quality has often been poor. Metaanalysis of early studies indicate that the treatment may have favourable effects on patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia, but more recent investigations of better methodological quality have questioned these results. The available documentation does not support use of products containing serenoa repens for these patients. Serenoa repens is associated with mild adverse effects comparable to that of placebo.

  19. The ABC of benign breast disease

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mastalgia is an amplification of usual breast pain, presenting with greater frequency and severity. It is important to ... sound or breast biopsy may be warranted for diagnostic purposes. The reason for many referrals by ... reassurance of its benign nature may be all that is necessary, along with firm brassiere support and ...

  20. Ureteritis cystica: A rare benign lesion

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    F. Ibrahim

    Abstract. Ureteritis cystica is an uncommon benign pathology of the ureter. The etiology is unclear but the diagnosis has become much easier to make with the routine use of ureteroscopy for diagnosis of ureteric lesions. We present a case of a 63 year old Sudanese woman with a history of repeated attacks of right loin pain.

  1. Benign Sacral Metastatic Meningioma: A Rare Entity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strong, Michael J; Garces, Juanita; Tang, Wendell; Ware, Marcus L

    2015-01-01

    Meningiomas are common intracranial tumors with a low metastatic rate. Those that do metastasize often show histopathologic signs of malignancy. In rare cases, the primary and secondary tumors are histologically benign. We report the case of a 57-year-old female with a histologically benign intracranial meningioma that metastasized to the sacrum. The patient had a long history of intracranial meningioma with multiple recurrences. At each recurrence, histopathologic examination of the resected tumor showed no signs of malignancy. The sacral meningioma was biopsied and found to be histologically benign. The patient was treated with radiotherapy (54 Gy in 30 fractions), and her symptoms resolved. Six months later, the patient developed left leg weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging showed growth of her intracranial mass for which she underwent a craniotomy for tumor resection. Pathologic evaluation showed evidence of benign meningioma without atypical features. She recovered well from this procedure and returned to her baseline in several weeks. After treatment, the patient had no signs of radiographic progression in either location.

  2. Prevalence of clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia amongst ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: To determine the prevalence of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and correlates International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), peak/maximum flow rate (Qmax), quality of life (QoL) score and prostate volume (PV) amongst male adults in a rural setting in Nigeria. Subjects and methods: This is a ...

  3. Benign prostatic hyperplasia presenting with profound hypoglycemia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Neurological disorders related to hypoglycemia were agitation, delirium, impaired higher functions and sleep disorders. However our patient did not present any neurological deficit. The clinical course was favorable. Conclusion: The obstructive renal failure can be a complication of benign prostatic hyperplasia in a final ...

  4. Ureteritis cystica: A rare benign lesion

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    F. Ibrahim

    2014 Pan African Urological Surgeons' Association. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Introduction. Ureteritis cystica is a benign condition which affects the renal pelvis and the ureter. When the condition affects the bladder, it is called cystitis cystica. There are scanty reports about ureteritis cystica in.

  5. Transurethral microwave thermotherapy in benign prostatic hyperplasia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minnee, P.; Debruyne, F. M.; de la Rosette, J. J.

    2000-01-01

    This article reviews the available literature and data on high-energy transurethral microwave therapy (TUMT) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) causing lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). TUMT is a safe, durable, (1-hour) procedure, without the need for anesthesia. Emphasis is

  6. Bilateral benign haemorrhagic adrenal cysts in Beckwith ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is the most common overgrowth malformation syndrome. The classical features include macrosomia, macroglossia, omphalocele and ear lobe anomalies. Among the associated adrenal anomalies, foetal cortical cytomegaly, outer cortical haemorrhage and unilateral benign cysts are well ...

  7. Metastatic Malignant Melanoma Mimicking Benign Breast Cysts

    OpenAIRE

    Marius Lund-Iversen; Olav Inge Håskjold; Hiep Phuc Dong; Aasmund Berner

    2011-01-01

    Benign cysts are one of the most common mass-occupying lesions of the breast and are often investigated with triple diagnostic trial (clinical examination, radiology, and cytology). Malignant melanoma is one of medicine's imitators, and metastatic disease can mimic cysts. Thorough investigation of any breast mass is essential to clarify its nature.

  8. Diagnostik og behandling af benigne levertumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Peter Lykke; Schultz, Nicolai Aagaard; Larsen, Lars Peter

    2016-01-01

    and malignant transformation exact diagnosis is important. Dedicated radiological examinations serve as important diagnostic tools reducing the need for biopsy. In this review we provide an update on the diagnosis and treatment of benign liver tumours adding to existing recommendations on hepatocellular...

  9. Repositioning chairs in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    West, Niels; Hansen, Søren; Møller, Martin Nue

    2016-01-01

    The objective was to evaluate the clinical value of repositioning chairs in management of refractory benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and to study how different BPPV subtypes respond to treatment. We performed a retrospective chart review of 150 consecutive cases with refractory vertigo...

  10. Massive exophytic malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derek Khorsand, MD

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of a solitary neurofibroma involving the right posterior shoulder of a 69-year-old man with degeneration into a massive, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor measuring more than 3 times the average reported size. The radiographic, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomographic features are compared with the gross appearance and pathology.

  11. A novel benign solution for collagen processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnoult, Olivier

    Collagen is the main protein constituting the extracellular matrix (ECM) of tissues in the body (skin, cartilage, blood vessels...). It exists many types of collagen, this work studies only fibrillar collagen (e.g. collagen type I contained in the skin) that exhibits a triple helical structure composed of 3 alpha-helical collagen chains. This particular and defined hierarchical structure is essential to the biological and mechanical properties of the collagen. Processing collagen into scaffolds to mimic the ECM is crucial for successful tissue engineering. Recently collagen was processed into fibrous and porous scaffold using electrospinning process. However the solvent (HFIP) used for electrospinning is extremely toxic for the user and expensive. This work shows that HFIP can be replaced by a benign mixture composed of water, salt and alcohol. Yet only three alcohols (methanol, ethanol and iso-propanol) enable the dissolution of large quantity of collagen in the benign mixture, with a wide range of alcohol to buffer ratio, and conserve the collagen hierarchical structure at least as well as the HFIP. Collagen can be electrospun from the benign mixture into sub-micron fibers with concentrations as low as 6 wt-% for a wide range of alcohol to buffer ratio, with at least 10wt-% of salt, and any of the three alcohols. Specific conditions yield nano size fibers. After processing from HFIP or a benign mixture, collagen is water soluble and needs to be chemically crosslink for tissue engineering application. Post-crosslinking with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) results in the loss of the scaffold fibrous aspect and porosity, hence it is useless for tissue engineering. Such issue could be prevented by incorporating the crosslinker into the mixture prior to electrospinning. When EDC is used alone, collagen forms a gel in the mixture within minutes, preventing electrospinning. The addition of N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) in excess to EDC

  12. Expression of c-kit in common benign and malignant breast lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondi-Pafiti, Agatha; Arkadopoulos, Nikolaos; Gennatas, Constantinos; Michalaki, Vassiliki; Frangou-Plegmenou, Matrona; Chatzipantelis, Paschalis

    2010-01-01

    c-kit (CD117) is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase that acts as a type III receptor for mast cell growth factor. In recent years, the role of c-kit in the development of preinvasive and invasive breast carcinomas has been investigated. The aim of our study was to detect c-kit expression in the entire spectrum of common benign and malignant breast lesions in correlation with a well-studied myoepithelial or stem-cell like marker (p63). We evaluated 270 cases of benign and malignant breast lesions including fibrocystic disease, fibroadenoma, sclerosing adenosis, atypical ductal hyperplasia, ductal/lobular carcinoma in situ, and ductal/lobular/mixed type carcinoma. C-kit staining was evaluated in the cytoplasm/cell membrane in epithelial and myoepithelial cells and p63 in the nuclei of myoepithelial cells. c-kit was highly expressed (85.3%) in benign lesions (fibrocystic disease, sclerosing adenosis, fibroadenoma), and p63 expression was 95.5% in the aforementioned lesions. c-kit distribution in preinvasive and invasive lesions was as follows: ductal/lobular carcinoma in-situ, 43%/35%; ductal/lobular carcinoma, 36%/39%; and mixed type carcinoma, 20%. c-kit was highly expressed in myofibroblast/fibroblast cells only in grade III ductal/lobular carcinomas. c-kit was totally absent in stromal cells in benign lesions and in situ carcinomas whereas expression was weak in grade I and II carcinomas. Combined overexpression of c-kit and p63 is indicative of benign breast lesions. In contrast, there is reduced expression of c-kit in in situ and invasive breast carcinomas, with simultaneous overexpression in the stromal cells. This suggests that c-kit may play a role in breast cancer progression.

  13. Transvesical prostatectomy in the management of benign prostatic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-06-02

    Jun 2, 2014 ... Context: The surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is evolving away from open surgery. In developing countries however ... Key words: Benign prostatic hyperplasia, management, Nigeria, transvesical prostatectomy. Date of Acceptance: 02-Jun- ... as enlarged and benign. Abdominal ...

  14. 1 Massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding and diffuse benign gastric ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract: Benign gastric inflammatory hyperplasic polyps are benign lesions that rarely occur in young age. We report a case of diffuse benign gastric inflammatory hyperplastic polyps in a 19 year old male patient who presented with cough, nausea, and haematemesis. In the presented case symptoms such as nausea and.

  15. Benign Multicystic Mesothelioma in the Left Round Ligament: Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bae, So Young; Yi, Boem Ha; Lee, Hae Kyung; Park, Seong Jin; Cho, Gyu Seok; Kwak, Jeong Ja [Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-02-15

    Benign multicystic mesothelioma is a rare mesothelial lesion that forms multicystic masses in the upper abdomen, pelvis, and retroperitoneum. Most cases have a benign course. We present the ultrasound and MR findings of benign multicystic mesothelioma in the left round ligament, which caused a left inguinal hernia in a 46-year-old woman.

  16. [Benign intraperitoneal metastatic leiomyomatosis: A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, Paz; Errázuriz, Juan Ignacio; Fernández, Carlos; Arteaga, Eugenio

    2017-02-01

    Benign intraperitoneal metastatic leiomyomatosis is a rare benign disease that is observed when a leiomyoma is present in the peritoneal surface. Women who have undergone hysterectomy for leiomyomas are most commonly affected. Patients are usually asymptomatic at presentation, being frequently an incidental finding in imaging studies. Ultrasound and CT play an important role in the diagnosis. The lesions are histologically identical to their uterine counterparts. There are different theories about the pathogenesis of the disease, including peritoneal seeding after laparoscopic hysterectomy. Others support the hypothesis of multiple independent foci of smooth muscle proliferation. Treatment, as in uterine leiomyomatosis, is generally conservative. We report a 53-year-old hysterectomized woman with intraperitoneal leiomyomas detected in a routine physical examination as mobile abdominal masses who underwent successful laparoscopic resection.

  17. Benign solitary solid cold thyroid nodules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Døssing, Helle; Bennedbaek, Finn Noe; Karstrup, Steen

    2002-01-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of ultrasonography (US)-guided interstitial laser photocoagulation (ILP) on the volume of benign solitary solid cold thyroid nodules and any nodule-related symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ILP was performed in 16 patients with normal thyroid function and a solid...... benign thyroid nodule. None of the patients had uptake on a radionuclide scan. Patients underwent one ILP session. A needle was positioned in the thyroid nodule with US guidance, and the laser fiber was placed in the lumen of the needle. Patients were treated for 287-1,200 seconds with an output power...... of 1-3 W. ILP was performed with continuous US guidance and terminated when the echogenic changes were stationary. Thyroid nodule volume and thyroid function were evaluated before and 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment. During the same period, 15 untreated patients (control group) were followed up...

  18. Characteristics of benign lymphoadenosis of oral mucosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shu-Xia; Yu, Shi-Feng; Sun, Kai-Hua

    2005-08-07

    To investigate the pathological characteristics and carcinogenesis mechanism of benign lymphoadenosis of oral mucosa (BLOM). The expressions of Ki-67, CD34 and apoptosis were evaluated by immunohistochemical SP staining in 64 paraffin-embedded tissue samples. Of them, 9 were from BLOM with dysplasia, 15 from BLOM without dysplasia, 15 from oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), 15 from oral precancerosis, and 10 from normal tissues. Cell proliferation, apoptosis and angiogenesis of tissue samples were also analyzed. The expression of Ki-67 in BLOM with dysplasia, oral precancerosis and OSCC was significantly higher than in BLOM without dysplasia and normal mucosa. The microvascular density (MVD) in BLOM with and without dysplasia, oral precancerosis, and OSCC was significantly higher than in normal mucosa. Apoptosis in BLOM and oral precancerosis was significantly higher than in OSCC and normal mucosa. Benign lymphoadenosis of oral mucosa has potentialities of cancerization.

  19. Breast-feeding and benign breast disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernardi, S; Londero, A P; Bertozzi, S; Driul, L; Marchesoni, D; Petri, R

    2012-01-01

    Benign breast disease (BBD) is very common among women in their fertile age, but its correlation with breast reproductive function remains unclear. Our study aimed to investigate the relation between BBD and breast-feeding. We collected data on 105 women with BBD and 98 controls, focusing on their reproductive history and breast-feeding. We analysed data by R (version 2.12.1) considering p feeding was not significantly different between controls and BBD types (p = NS). Selecting women with fibroadenoma breast-feeding duration directly correlated with the number of benign lesions (p feeding among BBDs types, but lactation may influence the number of fibroadenomas. Moreover, prospective studies would better define the correlation between lactation and BBDs.

  20. Sickle Cell Trait: A Benign State?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotila, Taiwo R

    2016-01-01

    Sickle cell trait (SCT) is the heterozygous form of sickle cell disease and expectedly should be a benign state with no complications ascribed to it. There are numerous reports challenging its being a benign condition, though this is controversial. A review of the results of the accompanying investigations done on some of the patients show that beta thalassemia may be responsible for many of the ascribed symptoms and complications. These patients may therefore have sickle cell beta thalassemia, a compound heterozygous form of sickle cell disease. It is important to screen for beta thalassemia using red cell indices and quantitation of the different hemoglobin fractions before attributing any symptoms to SCT. DNA analysis, though useful in ascertaining the presence of the sickle cell gene, is not sufficient. There is the need to exclude the presence of mutations for beta thalassemia, which often is geographical region-specific. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  1. A benign maxillary tumour with malignant features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricalde, Rosario R; Lim, Aimee Caroline E; Lopa, Ramon Antonio B; Carnate, Jose M

    2010-06-01

    Non-specific biopsy results such as chronic inflammation, hemorrhage, necrosis can be frustrating to the clinician. This is especially true if the patient presents with clinical features suggestive of an aggressive tumour. This is a review of the clinical features, diagnostic dilemmas and surgical management of a benign maxillary mass with malignant features - a disease called hematoma-like mass of the maxillary sinus (HLMMS). Our experience with five cases will also be cited.

  2. [Benign prostatic hypertrophy and prostate cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mourey, Loïc; Doumerc, Nicolas; Gaudin, Clément; Gérard, Stéphane; Balardy, Laurent

    2014-01-01

    Prostatic diseases are extremely common, especially in older men. Amongst them, benign prostatic hypertrophy may affect significantly the quality of life of patients by the symptoms it causes. It requires appropriate care. Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men after lung cancer and the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. It affects preferentially older men. An oncogeriatric approach is required for personalised care.

  3. Benign ureteral polyps in a child

    OpenAIRE

    児島, 康行; 滝内, 秀和; 櫻井, 勗; 菅尾, 英木; 横川, 潔; 小林, 晏

    1989-01-01

    A case of benign ureteral polyps at ureteropelvic junction in a 9-year-old boy is reported. He was hospitalized with episodes of gross hematuria and left flank pain. An excretory urogram showed the left hydronephrosis due to the ureteropelvic junction obstruction. At exploration, we found two polyps at the left ureteropelvic junction. Partial ureterectomy including the polyps and pyeloplasty were performed. Pathological examination showed fibrovascular polyps of the ureter. The patient still ...

  4. Percutaneous treatment of benign bile duct strictures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koecher, Martin [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I.P.Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic)]. E-mail: martin.kocher@seznam.cz; Cerna, Marie [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I.P.Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Havlik, Roman [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I.P.Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Kral, Vladimir [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I.P.Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Gryga, Adolf [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I.P.Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Duda, Miloslav [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I.P.Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic)

    2007-05-15

    Purpose: To evaluate long-term results of treatment of benign bile duct strictures. Materials and methods: From February 1994 to November 2005, 21 patients (9 men, 12 women) with median age of 50.6 years (range 27-77 years) were indicated to percutaneous treatment of benign bile duct stricture. Stricture of hepatic ducts junction resulting from thermic injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy was indication for treatment in one patient, stricture of hepaticojejunostomy was indication for treatment in all other patients. Clinical symptoms (obstructive jaundice, anicteric cholestasis, cholangitis or biliary cirrhosis) have appeared from 3 months to 12 years after surgery. Results: Initial internal/external biliary drainage was successful in 20 patients out of 21. These 20 patients after successful initial drainage were treated by balloon dilatation and long-term internal/external drainage. Sixteen patients were symptoms free during the follow-up. The relapse of clinical symptoms has appeared in four patients 9, 12, 14 and 24 months after treatment. One year primary clinical success rate of treatment for benign bile duct stricture was 94%. Additional two patients are symptoms free after redilatation (15 and 45 months). One patient is still in treatment, one patient died during secondary treatment period without interrelation with biliary intervention. The secondary clinical success rate is 100%. Conclusion: Benign bile duct strictures of hepatic ducts junction or biliary-enteric anastomosis are difficult to treat surgically and endoscopically inaccessible. Percutaneous treatment by balloon dilatation and long-term internal/external drainage is feasible in the majority of these patients. It is minimally invasive, safe and effective.

  5. Benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma) in a cat

    OpenAIRE

    Lenin A Villamizar-Martinez; Reiter, Alexander M; Sánchez, Melissa D.; Soltero-Rivera, Maria M

    2016-01-01

    Case summary A 10-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat was presented for assessment of a gingival mass surrounding the left maxillary third and fourth premolar teeth. The mass was surgically removed by means of a marginal rim excision, and the tissue was submitted for histological assessment. It was identified as a benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma). There was proliferation of mineralized eosinophilic material with multiple irregularly placed lacunae and reversal lines, reminis...

  6. Saw palmetto for benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bent, Stephen; Kane, Christopher; Shinohara, Katsuto; Neuhaus, John; Hudes, Esther S; Goldberg, Harley; Avins, Andrew L

    2006-02-09

    Saw palmetto is used by over 2 million men in the United States for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and is commonly recommended as an alternative to drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration. In this double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 225 men over the age of 49 years who had moderate-to-severe symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia to one year of treatment with saw palmetto extract (160 mg twice a day) or placebo. The primary outcome measures were changes in the scores on the American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUASI) and the maximal urinary flow rate. Secondary outcome measures included changes in prostate size, residual urinary volume after voiding, quality of life, laboratory values, and the rate of reported adverse effects. There was no significant difference between the saw palmetto and placebo groups in the change in AUASI scores (mean difference, 0.04 point; 95 percent confidence interval, -0.93 to 1.01), maximal urinary flow rate (mean difference, 0.43 ml per minute; 95 percent confidence interval, -0.52 to 1.38), prostate size, residual volume after voiding, quality of life, or serum prostate-specific antigen levels during the one-year study. The incidence of side effects was similar in the two groups. In this study, saw palmetto did not improve symptoms or objective measures of benign prostatic hyperplasia. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00037154.). Copyright 2006 Massachusetts Medical Society.

  7. Canalith repositioning for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Judith; Savvides, Panos; Cherian, Neil; Oas, John

    2005-07-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of canalith repositioning maneuvers (Semont, Epley, and modified maneuvers) in the treatment of posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in comparison to the rate of resolution in the untreated control cohort. Source articles were identified by a MEDLINE search of English language sources before 2004 plus manual crosschecks of bibliographies from identified articles, selected national meeting abstracts, review article references, and textbook chapters. Each controlled trial that compared canalith repositioning patients to untreated control subjects in posterior canal benign positional vertigo (blinded and unblinded) was reviewed for inclusion. Data were abstracted systematically, scaled on validity and comparability, and cross-checked independently by another author. Studies were combined with fixed effects meta-analysis to estimate spontaneous resolution, 95% confidence intervals (CI) of effect size, and heterogeneity. Canalith repositioning is more effective than observation alone for the treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, despite spontaneous resolution rates of one in three at 3 weeks. Public health implications are discussed, based on the high frequency of unrecognized BPPV reported in elderly patients, and the improvements after canalith repositioning in postural control and health-related quality of life (SF 36 Health Survey) documented in the literature.

  8. Environmentally benign silicon solar cell manufacturing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuo, Y.S. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Gee, J.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Menna, P. [National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Environment, Portici (Italy); Strebkov, D.S.; Pinov, A.; Zadde, V. [Intersolarcenter, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1998-09-01

    The manufacturing of silicon devices--from polysilicon production, crystal growth, ingot slicing, wafer cleaning, device processing, to encapsulation--requires many steps that are energy intensive and use large amounts of water and toxic chemicals. In the past two years, the silicon integrated-circuit (IC) industry has initiated several programs to promote environmentally benign manufacturing, i.e., manufacturing practices that recover, recycle, and reuse materials resources with a minimal consumption of energy. Crystalline-silicon solar photovoltaic (PV) modules, which accounted for 87% of the worldwide module shipments in 1997, are large-area devices with many manufacturing steps similar to those used in the IC industry. Obviously, there are significant opportunities for the PV industry to implement more environmentally benign manufacturing approaches. Such approaches often have the potential for significant cost reduction by reducing energy use and/or the purchase volume of new chemicals and by cutting the amount of used chemicals that must be discarded. This paper will review recent accomplishments of the IC industry initiatives and discuss new processes for environmentally benign silicon solar-cell manufacturing.

  9. Benign Eyelid Lesions: Six Months Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E Abbasi Shavvazi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Benign eyelid lesions are classified to infectious, inflammatory and tumoral lesions. The various number of these lesions is due to unique eyelid anatomical structure. Some lesions are simple and do not need any treatment but sometimes patients refer to ophthalmologists due to beauty or problems such as pain, swelling. The aim of our study is to investigate and compare the relative frequency of benign eyelid lesions in Shahid Sadoughi eye clinic as well as the private offices. Methods: This cross sectional six month study was done on 247 patients who referred to Shahid Sadoughi eye clinic and the private offices in 2011. They were examined by direct observation and slit lamp regardless of the cause. The information was gleaned by a questionnaire and the research data was analyzed by SPSS (ver.16. Results: we studied 247 patients including 84(34% male and 163(6% female. The mean age of the patients was 42.7 years. 60.2% of lesions were in upper lid and 39.8% were in lower lid. 51.2% of lesions were in right eye and 48.8% were in left eye. The most common eyelid lesions were papilloma (32.9% nevus (21.9% and chalazion (14.1% respectively. Conclusion: Papilloma, nevus and chalazion are respectively the most common lesion in men and women. Benign lesions were more common in women located more in upper lid, though there was no statistically difference between right and left lid.

  10. Environmentally-benign conversion of biomass residues to electricity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Andrew

    As petroleum resources are finite, it is imperative to use them wisely in energy conversion applications and, at the same time, develop alternative energy sources. Biomass is one of the renewable energy sources that can be used to partially replace fossil fuels. Biomass-based fuels can be produced domestically and can reduce dependency on fuel imports. Due to their abundant supply, and given that to an appreciable extent they can be considered carbon-neutral, their use for power generation is of technological interest. However, whereas biomasses can be directly burned in furnaces, such a conventional direct combustion technique is ill-controlled and typically produces considerable amounts of health-hazardous airborne compounds [1,2]. Thus, an alternative technology for biomass utilization is described herein to address increasing energy needs in an environmentally-benign manner. More specifically, a multi-step process/device is presented to accept granulated or pelletized biomass, and generate an easily-identifiable form of energy as a final product. To achieve low emissions of products of incomplete combustion, the biomass is gasified pyrolytically, mixed with air, ignited and, finally, burned in nominally premixed low-emission flames. Combustion is thus indirect, since the biomass is not directly burned, instead its gaseous pyrolyzates are burned upon mixing with air. Thereby, combustion is well-controlled and can be complete. A demonstration device has been constructed to convert the internal energy of plastics into "clean" thermal energy and, eventually to electricity.

  11. ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN MITIGATION OF MICROBIOLOGICALLY INFLUENCED CORROSION (MIC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John J. Kilbane II; William Bogan

    2004-01-31

    The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmentally benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is to develop one or more environmentally benign (a.k.a. ''green'') products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. The technical approach for this quarter included the fractionation of extracts prepared from several varieties of pepper plants, and using several solvents, by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A preliminary determination of antimicrobial activities of the new extracts and fractions using a growth inhibition assay, and evaluation of the extracts ability to inhibit biofilm formation was also performed. The analysis of multiple extracts of pepper plants and fractions of extracts of pepper plants obtained by HPLC illustrated that these extracts and fractions are extremely complex mixtures of chemicals. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to identify the chemical constituents of these extracts and fractions to the greatest degree possible. Analysis of the chemical composition of various extracts of pepper plants has illustrated the complexity of the chemical mixtures present, and while additional work will be performed to further characterize the extracts to identify bioactive compounds the focus of efforts should now shift to an evaluation of the ability of extracts to inhibit corrosion in mixed culture biofilms, and in pure cultures of bacterial types which are known or believed to be important in corrosion.

  12. [Sonographic diagnosis of presumed benign ovarian tumors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marret, H; Cayrol, M

    2013-12-01

    To discriminate ovarian lesions is of particular importance in gynecological practice. Two main problems need answers: discrimination of benign and malignant adnexal masses and choice of the appropriate surgical treatment if necessary. Nearly 2% of the adnexal masses are ovarian carcinomas or borderline tumors. It is now, well established that ultrasonography is the gold standard for ovarian cyst diagnosis. The purpose of this data was to review the literature and to establish, with the evidence base medicine model, which parameters and existing diagnostic models using ultrasound and Doppler perform best in the evaluation of adnexal masses. Transvaginal sonography has demonstrated considerable advantage over conventional transabdominal sonography. However, transparietal sonography is still useful in large tumors. Definition of the nomenclature and classification was done and should be used. Unilocular ovarian cyst characterization seems easy using sonography and Doppler. In front of complication, discrimination of such functional cyst may be difficult but spontaneous regression confirms usually the expectative management. Dermoid cysts and endometriomas seem to be easier to discriminate from other adnexal masses. Ultrasound and morphologic parameters have a sensitivity of about 90% and a specificity of 80%; that makes this exam the gold standard for ovarian masses diagnosis. Only 50% of ovarian masses are characterized by sonography. Scoring systems help to differentiate benign from malignant masses (sensitivity of about 90%). Logistic regression and models are good methods especially for LR1 and 2 and RMI and may be useful for malignancy prediction but are difficult to use in current practice. Expert diagnosis is a subjective but most important performing parameter. Any suspicious ovarian mass or not easily diagnosed mass requires sonography by an expert, which can first use all the techniques and the different parameters to discriminate benign and malignant

  13. Benign Mass in Tonsil- Cavernous Hemangioma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Sumitha; Prakash, M.; Mohammed, Hafida K; Govar, Aberna

    2013-01-01

    Cavernous hemangioma is also called as ‘ANGIOMA CAVERNOSUM’ or ‘CAVERNOMA’ as benign lesion of blood vessels. They are similar to strawberry hemangioma but deeply situated. Although most often associated with skin it is also sometimes found in mucous membrane, brain and the viscera. The diagnosis of hemangiomas is mainly based on clinical evaluation . Isolated hemangiomas in the tonsillar tissue is a rare occurance. In this we report had a case of adult tonsillar hemangioma of left side associated with recurrent tonsillitis . He was effectively managed surgically without any complications. PMID:24298502

  14. Benign emptying of the postpneumonectomy space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Volkan Kara

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A drop in the air-fluid level in the postpneumonectomy space on a chest radiogram is an early sign of bronchopleural fistula (BPF. Any suspicion of BPF points to the need for urgent evaluation and appropriate management. Very rarely may this drop occur without the existence of a fistula, but such a condition is defined as benign emptying of the postpneumonectomy space. We share our successful conservative management in a case of postpneumonectomy space emptying with a suspicion of BPF.

  15. Benign Pigmented Lesions of Oral Mucosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonca Gökdemir

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Oral mucosal pigmented lesions are quite common. Oral pigmentation can be physiological or pathological, and exogenous or endogenous. Such lesions may be a manifestation of systemic diseases. Evaluation of a patient with oral pigmentation requires a systematic approach with source to appropriate investigations. A detailed clinical examination, family history and drug ingestion are very important assessment. The algorithm for these diseases are useful to manage the various pigmented lesions of the oral cavity. This review has been focused on the common causes of oral benign pigmented lesions, the differential diagnosis and therapy modalities for oral pigmentation.

  16. Thallium-201 uptake in a benign thymoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campeau, R.J.; Ey, E.H.; Varma, D.G.

    1986-07-01

    A 68-year-old woman was admitted with atypical angina. A chest radiograph showed an anterior mediastinal mass that was confirmed on CT. The mass was relatively avascular and separate from the heart and great vessels. She underwent stress thallium testing that demonstrated no exercise-induced ischemia; however, an abnormal focus of thallium activity was present in the anterior mediastinum on stress and redistribution images. Cardiac catheterization demonstrated a normal left ventriculogram, coronary arteries and thoracic aorta. Subsequent surgery and pathologic examination revealed the mass to be a benign thymoma arising in the right lobe of the thymus gland.

  17. Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques - report with pictorial presentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Słapa, Rafał Z; Kasperlik-Załuska, Anna A; Migda, Bartosz; Otto, Maciej; Dobruch-Sobczak, Katarzyna; Jakubowski, Wiesław S

    2015-12-01

    The aim of the research was to assess the echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions using new ultrasound techniques. 34 benign adrenal masses in 29 patients were analyzed retrospectively. The examinations were conducted using Aplio XG (Toshiba, Japan) ultrasound scanner with a convex probe 1-6 MHz in the B-mode presentation with the combined use of new ultrasound techniques: harmonic imaging and spatial compound sonography. The size of the adrenal tumors, their echogenicity and homogeneity were analyzed. Statistical analysis was conducted using the STATISTICA 10 software. The following adrenal masses were assessed: 12 adenomas, 10 nodular hyperplasias of adrenal cortex, 7 myelolipomas, 3 pheochromocytomas, a hemangioma with hemorrhage and a cyst. The mean diameter of nodular hyperplasia of adrenal cortex was not statistically different from that of adenomas (p = 0.075). The possibility of differentiating between nodular hyperplasia and adenoma using the parameter of hypoechogenicity or homogeneity of the lesion was demonstrated with the sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 41.7%, respectively. The larger the benign adrenal tumor was, the more frequently did it turn out to have a mixed and inhomogenous echogenicity (p < 0.05; ROC areas under the curve: 0.832 and 0.805, respectively). A variety of echogenicity patterns of benign adrenal focal lesions was demonstrated. The image of an adrenal tumor correlates with its size. The ultrasound examination, apart from its indisputable usefulness in detecting and monitoring adrenal tumors, may also allow for the differentiation between benign lesions. However, for lesions found incidentally an algorithm for the assessment of adrenal incidentalomas is applicable, which includes computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

  18. MR imaging in benign symmetric lipomatosis; MRT bei benigner symmetrischer Lipomatose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gufler, H. [Abt. Roentgendiagnostik, Radiologische Klinik, Freiburg Univ. (Germany); Buitrago-Tellez, C.H. [Abt. Roentgendiagnostik, Radiologische Klinik, Freiburg Univ. (Germany)

    1994-12-31

    Benign symmetric lipomatosis is a rare disease of unknown origin characterized by massive symmetric fat deposits predominantly on the neck, shoulders, arms, and upper part of the trunc. We present three cases of benigne symmetric lipomatosis, who underwent magnetic resonance imaging before surgical removal of the fatty masses was performed. Magnetic resonance imaging is useful in the tissue characterization and evaluation of the extension of these confluent lipomas. MRI showed excellent natural contrast between the hyperintense fatty masses and the hypointense surrounding structures. Sagittal and coronal scans provided particular useful additional anatomic information. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die benigne symmetrische Lipomatose (Madelung-Launois-Bensaude Syndrom) ist eine sehr seltene Erkrankung noch nicht geklaerter Genese. Es werden klinischer Verlauf und MRT Befunde von drei Patienten mit benigner symmetrischer Lipomatose vorgestellt. Charakteristisch fuer diese Erkrankung ist in der MRT die hohe Signalintensitaet in der T1 Gewichtung und die intermediaere Signalgebung in der T2 Gewichtung. Das Fehlen einer umhuellenden Kapsel unterscheidet diese Fettgewebsvermehrung von einem Lipom und ist neben der Lokalisation das hilfreichste Kriterium zur Diagnose: Die unscharfe Begrenzung zu den umgebenden Organen und Strukturen wie Trachea, Nervenplexus, Gefaessen und mediastinalen Organen ohne Nachweis einer Infiltration. Sagittale und coronare Schnittbilder bringen einen zusaetzlichen Informationsgewinn, um Lagebeziehungen eindeutig darzustellen. (orig.)

  19. Epidemiologic characteristics of benign breast disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nomura, A; Comstock, G W; Tonascia, J A

    1977-06-01

    To see if the risk factors associated with fibroadenoma and cystic disease were similar to those reported for breast cancer, a retrospective study of benign breast tumor in a general population was conducted in Washington County, Maryland. The study population consisted of 320 white women 20 to 49 years of age who had had benign breast disease and 320 age-matched controls. More cystic disease cases than controls had the following characteristics, which had been reported to have been associated with breast cancer in other studies: higher socioeconomic status; fewer pregnancies; and a lack of association with lactation patterns. Nulliparity, late natural menopause and a maternal history of breast cancer were also more common among cystic cases than controls, although these differences could have occurred by chance. Cystic disease cases and controls did not differ with respect to other factors associated with breast cancer, such as early age at menarche, late age at first pregnancy, and negative history of artificial menopause. In contrast to cystic breast disease, fibroadenoma was not associated with most of the risk factors of breast cancer.

  20. Risk factors for benign breast disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinton, L A; Vessey, M P; Flavel, R; Yeates, D

    1981-03-01

    The importance of various risk factors for benign breast disorders has been assessed an analysis of data obtained from a multicenter cohort study of contraceptive use among women in the United Kingdom (the Oxford Family Planning Association Contraceptive Study). Cases comprised all women diagnosed as having any type of benign breast lesion; 74 had fibroadenoma, 211 had histologically confirmed chronic cystic disease, 331 had breast lumps not subjected to biopsy and 70 had other disease. Each case was individually matched with another study participant who was free from recognized breast disease. Matching factors were center of recruitment, date of recruitment, age at entry, and continuation in the study. An inverse association was found between use of oral contraceptives and the risk of the first three conditions. Current users of the pill had the lowest risk, particularly when the use was for an extended period. In contrast, past users demonstrated no reduction in risk. The reduction in risk for chronic cystic disease appeared to relate to the amount of progestogen contained in the pill. No significant association was observed between the risk of any of the conditions and either parity or age at first livebirth. Women of low social class and obese women were at low risk, perhaps reflecting diagnostic biases.

  1. Benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma in a cat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenin A Villamizar-Martinez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Case summary A 10-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat was presented for assessment of a gingival mass surrounding the left maxillary third and fourth premolar teeth. The mass was surgically removed by means of a marginal rim excision, and the tissue was submitted for histological assessment. It was identified as a benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma. There was proliferation of mineralized eosinophilic material with multiple irregularly placed lacunae and reversal lines, reminiscent of cementum. The cat recovered uneventfully from the anesthesia, and there was no evidence of tumor recurrence 6 months after surgery. Relevance and novel information Cementoblastomas (true cementomas in domestic animals are rare, with just a few reports in ruminants, monogastric herbivores and rodents. Cementoblastoma is considered a benign tumor that arises from the tooth root. The slow, expansive and constant growth that characterizes these masses may be accompanied by signs of oral discomfort and dysphagia. This case report is intended to increase knowledge regarding this tumor in cats and also highlights the importance of complete excision of the neoplasm. To our knowledge, there are no previous reports in the literature of cementoblastoma in the cat.

  2. [Laparoscopic surgery for benign colorectal diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panis, Y

    2000-10-01

    Since 1991 when the first cases of laparoscopic colectomy were reported, this technique has become widespread in colorectal surgery. Its reliability in colorectal cancer has been demonstrated but indications must still be limited to strictly controlled clinical trials that will determine its impact in terms of cancerology outcome. Inversely, for benign colorectal disease, the efficacy, low morbidity and the generally observed clinical benefit of laparoscopy compared with laparotomy, particularly in terms of patient comfort in the post-operative period and delay to normal activities, has been clearly demonstrated in several, though too often uncontrolled, trials. Laparoscopy will thus become more and more widespread and probably predominant for benign colorectal disease. Today, it is warranted to propose first-intention laparoscopic procedures for elective diverticulitis sigmoidectomy, for ileocecal resection for Crohn's disease, for derivation stomies, and finally, for surgical ablation of voluminous colonic polyps. In hands well trained in laparoscopic and colorectal surgery, laparoscopic procedures will be proposed in the near future for total colectomy, rectopexia, or even ileo-anal anastomosis.

  3. Benign neonatal sleep myoclonus: history and semiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaddurah, Ahmad K; Holmes, Gregory L

    2009-05-01

    Benign neonatal sleep myoclonus is a condition characterized by myoclonus occurring during sleep. Reported here are 18 cases of infants who had electroencephalographic monitoring, with myoclonic events recorded in 17 cases. In all cases, onset was within days to a few weeks of birth. In no case was the diagnosis of sleep myoclonus considered by the referring primary care physician. Myoclonus was evident during sleep in all 18 infants, but in two of them it was observed also during the transition from sleep to awakening. The behavioral features of the disorder were more varied than previously described: four of the infants had lateralized myoclonus and two had myoclonus involving the head and face. In most of the children, the duration of myoclonus was brief, but in two cases the paroxysmal events lasted more than 30 minutes. None of the children had electroencephalographic abnormalities during the myoclonus. The condition was short-lived, with the myoclonus resolving in most children within 3 months of onset. Benign neonatal sleep myoclonus is an under-recognized condition but one that has a consistently favorable outcome. Infants with the condition should not be treated with antiepileptic drugs.

  4. Benign prostatic hyperplasia: epidemiology, economics and evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vuichoud, Camille; Loughlin, Kevin R

    2015-10-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is arguably the most common benign disease of mankind. As men age, the prostate inexorably grows often causing troubling symptoms causing them to seek out care. While traditionally treated by transurethral resection or open surgical removal of the hypertrophied adenoma, today the urologist has numerous medical, surgical and minimally invasive techniques available. In this supplement The Canadian Journal of Urology provides a review of the various techniques and medications available today. As an introduction to the supplement, the aim of this article is to review the epidemiology and economy of BPH as well as its natural history and diagnosis. A systematic review of available literature was looking for articles on BPH and its epidemiology, economics, natural history and management using PubMed database. The prevalence of this condition is increasing with the population aging and so does the economic burden. The exact etiology of this condition is unknown, but some risk factors have been identified. The diagnostic and treatment of this very common disease should rely on a strong collaboration between primary care physician and urologist. There are multiple options in treating BPH including medical, surgical and newer minimally invasive options. The challenge with having a variety of options is to review them with the patient and help the patient select the best treatment option for their condition.

  5. Benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma) in a cat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villamizar-Martinez, Lenin A; Reiter, Alexander M; Sánchez, Melissa D; Soltero-Rivera, Maria M

    2016-01-01

    A 10-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat was presented for assessment of a gingival mass surrounding the left maxillary third and fourth premolar teeth. The mass was surgically removed by means of a marginal rim excision, and the tissue was submitted for histological assessment. It was identified as a benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma). There was proliferation of mineralized eosinophilic material with multiple irregularly placed lacunae and reversal lines, reminiscent of cementum. The cat recovered uneventfully from the anesthesia, and there was no evidence of tumor recurrence 6 months after surgery. Cementoblastomas (true cementomas) in domestic animals are rare, with just a few reports in ruminants, monogastric herbivores and rodents. Cementoblastoma is considered a benign tumor that arises from the tooth root. The slow, expansive and constant growth that characterizes these masses may be accompanied by signs of oral discomfort and dysphagia. This case report is intended to increase knowledge regarding this tumor in cats and also highlights the importance of complete excision of the neoplasm. To our knowledge, there are no previous reports in the literature of cementoblastoma in the cat.

  6. Benign cementoblastoma: A rare case report with review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeta Sharma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a rare case of radiopaque lesion with radiolucent rim in the right body of mandible, with history of extraction of involved tooth, which made diagnosis confusing unless pre-extraction intraoral periapical radiography radiograph was recovered, finally diagnosed as benign cementoblastoma. It was surgically managed, with no recurrence of the lesion more than 2 years of follow-up. Benign cementoblastoma is a rare, benign tumor of odontogenic ectomesenchymal origin, usually associated with roots of first mandibular molar.

  7. Benign and malignant tumors of the foot and ankle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singer, Adam D.; Datir, Abhijit; Langley, Travis [Emory University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Section of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Atlanta, GA (United States); Tresley, Jonathan [University of Wisconsin, Department of Radiology, Madison, WI (United States); Clifford, Paul D.; Jose, Jean; Subhawong, Ty K. [University of Miami, Department of Radiology, Miami, FL (United States)

    2016-03-15

    Pain and focal masses in the foot and ankle are frequently encountered and often initiate a workup including imaging. It is important to differentiate benign lesions from aggressive benign or malignant lesions. In this review, multiple examples of osseous and soft tissue tumors of the foot and ankle will be presented. Additionally, the compartmental anatomy of the foot and ankle will be discussed in terms of its relevance for percutaneous biopsy planning and eventual surgery. Finally, a general overview of the surgical management of benign, benign aggressive and malignant tumors of the foot and ankle will be discussed. (orig.)

  8. Clustered microcalcifications without mass on mammography : benignancy vs. malignancy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Yoon Hee; Do, Young Soo; Oh, Hoon Il; Kim, Ki Hwan; Chin, Soo Yil [Korean Cancer Center Hostpital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Byung Jae [Chung Dam Radiologic Clinics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Han, Heon [Chungang Gil Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Yeun Hyeun; Han, Boo Kyung [Sam Sung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Jung Mi [Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-11-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of differentiation between benign and malignant clustered microcalcifications without mass on mammogram. Fourty six mammograms of 44 patients showing clustered microcalcifications without mass were interpreted blindly by five independent observers majoring in breast imaging from different institutions. Twenty two were malignant (10 infiltrating ductal carcinomas, 12 intraductal carcinomas) and 24 were benign (all fibrocystic disease). The observers judge benignancy or malignancy of microcalcifications. The authors assess the accuracy of differential diagnosis of clustered microcalcifications. Of 24 cases proved benign microcalcifications, five radiologists correctly interpreted 20 on average as benign and of malignant 22 cases, 16 on average were correctly interpreted as malignant. The diagnostic accuracy of malignant microcalcifications was 71.8% on average(63.6%{approx}81.8%) and the diagnostic accuracy for benign microcalcifications was 83% on average(71%{approx}92%). It was 9 among total 46 cases that were misinterpreted by more than three radiologists. Among these 9 cases, malignant microcalcifications that had been misinterpreted as benign were seven, benign microcalcifications misinterpreted as malignant were two. The diagnostic accuracy of clustered malignant microcalcifications(71.8%) without mass on mammogram was lower than that of benign microcalcifications(83.3%). So, in case of suspected malignant microcalcification on mammogram, it is preferable that along with magnification view, histopathologic confirmation by core biopsy must be obtained.

  9. BENIGN LESIONS OF MANDIBLE ON ORTHOPANTOMOGRAM- OUR EXPERIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raseshkumar Rasiklal Vyas

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Orthopantomography plays a vital role to diagnose mandibular lesions. Odontogenic benign tumours may occur at any period of odontogenesis. Those who develop during first stage of teeth formation do not contain calcified tissue and are therefore referred to as soft. When they develop during second stage (formation of enamel and cementum they may contain calcified tissue so known as hard lesion. Orthopantomography help in such a way that tissue biopsy is necessary only to confirm the diagnosis and in some case its need may be altogether eliminated. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients included in the study were from all age groups and under following clinical findings like pain, difficulty to open mouth, swelling, local tenderness, discharge from mouth etc. The machine use for the study is D B Troniks and the duration of the study is one year from jan-2016 to dec-2016. RESULTS A study carried out of 50 patient, after orthopantomogram found that incidence of male are more affected compare to females and most of them lying in third decade. The density of lesions were lytic followed by mixed and then sclerotic, while the margins of most of the lesions was smooth and well define. Most common lesion was dentigerous cyst followed by radicular cyst. CONCLUSION Many lesions involving the jaw produce characteristic radiographic appearances while many lesions produce protean characteristic with resultant overlap in radiographic features. With the combine help of history, clinical examination and orthopentomographical examination one can have accurate diagnosis of the lesions.

  10. Management of benign prostatic hyperplasia with silodosin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomonori Yamanishi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Tomonori Yamanishi1, Tomoya Mizuno1, Takao Kamai1, Ken-ichiro Yoshida1, Ryuji Sakakibara2, Tomoyuki Uchiyama31Department of Urology, Dokkyo Medical University, Tochigi, Japan; 2Department of Neurology, Sakura Hospital, Toho University, Toho, Japan; 3Department of Neurology, Chiba University, Chiba, JapanAbstract: It has been reported that blockade of α1A-adrenoceptor (AR relieves bladder outlet obstruction, while blockade of α1D-AR is believed to alleviate storage symptoms due to detrusor overactivity. Silodosin, (--1-(3-hydroxypropyl-5-[(2R-2-({2-[2-(2,2,2trifluoroethoxy phenoxy]ethyl}aminopropyl]-2,3-dihydro-1H-indole-7- carboxamide, is a new α1A-AR selective antagonist. Silodosin is highly selective for the α1A-AR subtype, showing an affinity for the α1A-AR that is 583- and 55.5-fold higher than its affinity for the α1B- and α1D-ARs, respectively. In randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III studies performed in Japan and the United States, silodosin has been shown to be effective for both storage and voiding symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Early effects of silodosin (after 2–6 hours or day 1 on lower urinary tract symptoms have also been reported. In urodynamic studies, detrusor overactivity disappeared in 40% and improved in 35% of patients after administration. In pressure flow studies, the grade of obstruction on the International Continence Society nomogram showed improvement in 56% of patients. The rate of adverse events in the silodosin, tamsulosin and placebo groups was 88.6%, 82.3%, and 71.6%, respectively. The most common adverse event was (mostly mild abnormal ejaculation (28.1%. However, few patients (2.8% discontinued silodosin because of abnormal ejaculation. Orthostatic hypotension showed a similar incidence in the silodosin (2.6% and placebo (1.5% groups. In conclusion, silodosin improves detrusor overactivity and obstruction and thus may be effective for both storage and voiding

  11. Advantages of robotics in benign gynecologic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truong, Mireille; Kim, Jin Hee; Scheib, Stacey; Patzkowsky, Kristin

    2016-08-01

    The purpose of this article is to review the literature and discuss the advantages of robotics in benign gynecologic surgery. Minimally invasive surgery has become the preferred route over abdominal surgery. The laparoscopic or robotic approach is recommended when vaginal surgery is not feasible. Thus far, robotic gynecologic surgery data have demonstrated feasibility, safety, and equivalent clinical outcomes in comparison with laparoscopy and better clinical outcomes compared with laparotomy. Robotics was developed to overcome challenges of laparoscopy and has led to technological advantages such as improved ergonomics, visualization with three-dimensional capabilities, dexterity and range of motion with instrument articulation, and tremor filtration. To date, applications of robotics in benign gynecology include hysterectomy, myomectomy, endometriosis surgery, sacrocolpopexy, adnexal surgery, tubal reanastomosis, and cerclage. Though further data are needed, robotics may provide additional benefits over other approaches in the obese patient population and in higher complexity cases. Challenges that arose in the earlier adoption stage such as the steep learning curve, costs, and operative times are becoming more optimized with greater experience, with implementation of robotics in high-volume centers and with improved training of surgeons and robotic teams. Robotic laparoendoscopic single-site surgery, albeit still in its infancy where technical advantages compared with laparoscopic single-site surgery are still unclear, may provide a cost-reducing option compared with multiport robotics. The cost may even approach that of laparoscopy while still conferring similar perioperative outcomes. Advances in robotic technology such as the single-site platform and telesurgery, have the potential to revolutionize the field of minimally invasive gynecologic surgery. Higher quality evidence is needed to determine the advantages and disadvantages of robotic surgery in benign

  12. Remote Recurrence of Benign Multicystic Peritoneal Mesothelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Caroline E; Agrawal, Anita

    2017-11-01

    Benign peritoneal cystic mesothelioma (BPCM) is a rare disease entity that arises from mesothelioma cells. We describe a rare case of BPCM recurrence 36 years after its initial presentation. A 62-year-old woman was referred to an outpatient gynaecologic oncology clinic with an incidental finding of multiple pelvic cysts. She had a preceding history of known BPCM treated with extensive debulking surgery. She presented after 36 years of clinical remission. A repeat laparotomy for a debulking surgical procedure confirmed a recurrence of BPCM. Our current case represents a woman with a remote recurrence of BPCM after initial optimal debulking surgery. Her clinical presentation of recurrence after 36 years illustrates the need for long-term follow-up and clinical suspicion in symptomatic patients with previously diagnosed BPCM. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Saw palmetto and benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Edward M; Gerber, Glenn S

    2004-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common health issue that affects 8% of all men at the age of 40, 60% of men in their 70s, and 90% of those greater than 80 years of age. One-fourth of these men will develop moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms that greatly affect their quality of life. Recent evidence suggests that the use of saw palmetto leads to improvements in urinary function for those suffering from BPH. The favorable comparison of saw palmetto with tamsulosin, a well-known first line agent in the treatment of urinary tract symptoms, demonstrates promise towards a beneficial effect of this herbal agent, with very few, if any, adverse effects. However, what degree of this beneficial activity is due to placebo effects is yet to be determined. In addition, the precise mechanism of action of saw palmetto in men with BPH remains unclear.

  14. The debate over robotics in benign gynecology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rardin, Charles R

    2014-05-01

    The debate over the role of the da Vinci surgical robotic platform in benign gynecology is raging with increasing fervor and, as product liability issues arise, greater financial stakes. Although the best currently available science suggests that, in the hands of experts, robotics offers little in surgical advantage over laparoscopy, at increased expense, the observed decrease in laparotomy for hysterectomy is almost certainly, at least in part, attributable to the availability of the robot. In this author's opinion, the issue is not whether the robot has any role but rather to define the role in an institutional environment that also supports the safe use of vaginal and laparoscopic approaches in an integrated minimally invasive surgery program. Programs engaging robotic surgery should have a clear and self-determined regulatory process and should resist pressures in place that may preferentially support robotics over other forms of minimally invasive surgery. Copyright © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Benign and malignant breast tumours: epidemiological similarities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sartwell, P E; Arthes, F G; Tonascia, J A

    1978-09-01

    Reproductive risk factors were estimated for 783 cases of cystic disease of the breast, 155 fibroadenoma, 94 miscellaneous breast conditions, and 284 breast cancers. Controls were matched for age, race, ever-married status, time of hospitalization and pay status. The most consistent attributes are a tendency to be still premenopausal, to have had her first pregnancy beyond the age of twenty-five years (or to have had none), and to have had fewer total pregnancies than the control. All are associated with a longer menstrual life prior to onset of the disease than the controls. Findings for cystic disease are compared with other studies. Patients with benign breast disease share some of the demonstrated risk factors for breast cancer.

  16. Radioiodine therapy in benign thyroid diseases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonnema, Steen Joop; Hegedüs, Laszlo

    2012-01-01

    Radioiodine ((131)I) therapy of benign thyroid diseases was introduced 70 yr ago, and the patients treated since then are probably numbered in the millions. Fifty to 90% of hyperthyroid patients are cured within 1 yr after (131)I therapy. With longer follow-up, permanent hypothyroidism seems...... of an exact thyroid dose is error-prone due to imprecise measurement of the (131)I biokinetics, and the importance of internal dosimetric factors, such as the thyroid follicle size, is probably underestimated. Besides these obstacles, several potential confounders interfere with the efficacy of (131)I therapy...... from (131)I therapy. The individual radiosensitivity, still poorly defined and impossible to quantify, may be a major determinant of the outcome from (131)I therapy. Above all, the impact of (131)I therapy relies on the iodine-concentrating ability of the thyroid gland. The thyroid (131)I uptake (or...

  17. Benign Intracranial Hypertension: A Diagnostic Dilemma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Gary Y.; Million, Stephanie K.

    2012-01-01

    Benign intracranial hypertension (BIH) (also known as pseudotumor cerebri and empty sella syndrome) remains a diagnostic challenge to most physicians. The modified Dandy criteria consist of, the classic findings of headache, pulsatile tinnitus, papilledema, and elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure, however, these are rarely collectively present in any one patient. Furthermore, these findings can wax and wane over time. Due to the nature of this disease, both signs and symptoms may be intermittent, making definitive diagnosis difficult. Newer imaging studies, particularly the magnetic resonance venogram (MRV) along with a constellation of correlative findings and associated diseases have given new impetus in the diagnosis, treatment, and pathophysiology of this disease. This has led the authors to offer modifications to the classic Dandy criteria. This report presents three representative cases of BIH highlighting many of the newer advances in both diagnosis and treatment of this perplexing disorder. PMID:22928139

  18. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and comorbid conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Helen S; Kimball, Kay T; Stewart, Michael G

    2004-01-01

    To determine the prevalence of comorbid disease in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and the relationship of comorbid disease to symptoms of vertigo, disequilibrium, and anxiety. Patients who had posterior semicircular canal BPPV and who had been referred for vestibular rehabilitation at a tertiary care center completed a health status questionnaire and the Vertigo Symptom Scale, answered questions about level of vertigo, and were tested on computerized dynamic posturography. Subjects had high rates of diabetes, mild head trauma, and probable sinus disease. Balance was generally impaired, worse in diabetics and subjects with significant vestibular weakness. Subjects who smoked or had had mild head trauma had higher levels of anxiety. Comorbid conditions, particularly diabetes, mild head trauma, and sinus disease, are unusually prevalent in BPPV patients. Message: Patients with comorbid disease are at risk for having increased vertigo, anxiety, and disequilibrium compared to other patients. Copyright 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

  19. Benign Intracranial Hypertension: A Diagnostic Dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary Y. Shaw

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Benign intracranial hypertension (BIH (also known as pseudotumor cerebri and empty sella syndrome remains a diagnostic challenge to most physicians. The modified Dandy criteria consist of, the classic findings of headache, pulsatile tinnitus, papilledema, and elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF pressure, however, these are rarely collectively present in any one patient. Furthermore, these findings can wax and wane over time. Due to the nature of this disease, both signs and symptoms may be intermittent, making definitive diagnosis difficult. Newer imaging studies, particularly the magnetic resonance venogram (MRV along with a constellation of correlative findings and associated diseases have given new impetus in the diagnosis, treatment, and pathophysiology of this disease. This has led the authors to offer modifications to the classic Dandy criteria. This report presents three representative cases of BIH highlighting many of the newer advances in both diagnosis and treatment of this perplexing disorder.

  20. Benign Osteopetrosis: Report of a case

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Kyung A; Lim, Suk Young; Koh, Kwang Joon [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Institute of Oral Bio Science, Chonbuk National University, Chonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-03-15

    A 37-year-old male with the complaint of intermittent gingival swelling and dull pain associated with the food impaction of the mandibular third molar area was referred to our department of Chonbuk National University Hospital. The dental history of the patient showed that he had had extraction of maxillary left third molar two years ago without complications. Intraoral and panoramic radiographs showed a diffuse increased radiopacity of the maxilla and mandible. The trabecular pattern was obliterated. Postero-anterior skull and lateral skull radiographs showed thickening of cortical bone and diffuse increased radiopacity of the skull. Additional radiographs showed similar changes in the lumbar spine, clavicles, iliac bone and femur. However, no evidence of osteomyelitis was observed clinically and radiographically. Laboratory findings showed normal values of serum calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase. Based on the radiographic examinations and the laboratory findings, final diagnosis was made as a benign osteopetrosis.

  1. Insights from radiation treatment for benign disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bleehen, N.M.

    1987-08-29

    This note compares mortality figures for patients treated with low dose ionizing radiation for benign conditions between the 1920's and 1950's with figures available from the Japanese A-bomb survivors. X radiation for ringworm, ankylosing spondylitis and post-partum mastitis are considered. Figures for leukemia are roughly comparable between radiotherapy groups and A-bomb survivors. Figures for the increased relative risk of breast cancer in spondylitis patients were in marked contrast to bomb survivors who received comparable doses, but compatible with the increase among women given x-rays for acute post-partum mastitis in the 1940's and 1950's. This study also suggests the possibility of different time patterns of risk between different cancers. (U.K.).

  2. A rare case of benign omentum teratoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sforza Marcos

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Mature teratomas (benign cystic teratomas or dermoid cysts are among the most common ovarian tumours; however, teratomas of the omentum and mesentery are extremely rare. Teratoma in the intraperitoneal cavity is uncommon and atypical, and it is even more uncommon in adulthood. Case Outline. An 82-year-old female was admitted to our department with clinical signs of abdominal tumour. The ultrasound scan and preoperative laboratory tests were done. Explorative laparotomy revealed tumour with torsion on its pedicle at the greater omentum. After removal of the mass and the incision a tooth and hair were found, characteristics of teratoma. Conclusion. The excision was very effective and also definitive treatment for this case. The patient recovered well and was discharged 3 days later. The patient probably carried the tumour all her life asymptomatically until admission.

  3. Robotic Surgery for Benign Duodenal Tumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downs-Canner, Stephanie; Van der Vliet, Wald J.; Thoolen, Stijn J. J.; Boone, Brian A.; Zureikat, Amer H.; Hogg, Melissa E.; Bartlett, David L.; Callery, Mark P.; Kent, Tara S.; Zeh, Herbert J.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Benign duodenal and periampullary tumors are uncommon lesions requiring careful attention to their complex anatomic relationships with the major and minor papillae as well as the gastric outlet during surgical intervention. While endoscopy is less morbid than open resection, many lesions are not amenable to endoscopic removal. Robotic surgery offers technical advantages above traditional laparoscopy, and we demonstrate the safety and feasibility of this approach for a variety of duodenal lesions. Methods We performed a retrospective review of all robotic duodenal resections between April 2010 and December 2013 from two institutions. Demographic, clinicopathologic, and operative details were recorded with special attention to the post-operative course. Results Twenty-six patients underwent robotic duodenal resection for a variety of diagnoses. The majority (88 %) were symptomatic at presentation. Nine patients underwent transduodenal ampullectomy, seven patients underwent duodenal resection, six patients underwent transduodenal resection of a mass, and four patients underwent segmental duodenal resection. Median operative time was 4 h with a median estimated blood loss of 50 cm3 and no conversions to an open operation. The rate of major Clavien-Dindo grades 3–4 complications was 15 % at post-operative days 30 and 90 without mortality. Final pathology demonstrated a median tumor size of 2.9 cm with a final histologic diagnoses of adenoma (n=13), neuroendocrine tumor (n=6), gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) (n=2), lipoma (n=2), Brunner’s gland hamartoma (n=1), leiomyoma (n=1), and gangliocytic paraganglioma (n=1). Conclusion Robotic duodenal resection is safe and feasible for benign and premalignant duodenal tumors not amenable to endoscopic resection. PMID:25348238

  4. Case Report: Giant Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in a Ghanaian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... largest ever benign prostatic hyperplasia (800 g) via transvesical prostatectomy from West Africa, which also happens to be the 3rd largest in the world. The patient was an 82 year old man with refractory urine retention and gross haematuria. Keywords: Giant benign prostatic hyperplasia, Freyer's prostatectomy, refractory ...

  5. Benign And Malignant Tumours Of The Large Bowels - A Comparison

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Context: Colorectal cancers are leading cause of cancer death. Most of these cancers however, arise from benign neoplasms which differ widely from the cancers in clinical and histological presentation. Aim: The aim of this study is to understand the differences in the presentation of benign and malignant tumours of the ...

  6. Benign intracranial hypertension: atypical presentation of Miller Fisher syndrome?

    OpenAIRE

    Mewasingh, Leena D; Sekhara, Tayeb; Dachy, Bernard; Djeunang, Maurice; Dan, Bernard

    2002-01-01

    Acute ocular paresis, nausea, vomiting, and headaches associated with high intracranial pressure without obvious intracranial pathology are typical features of benign intracranial hypertension. We describe two young children whose presentation, initially suggestive of idiopathic or benign intracranial hypertension, evolved to comprise ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia. This triad characterizes Miller Fisher syndrome, a clinical variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome that occurs rarely among ...

  7. Real life practice in the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Naderi, Nader; Mochtar, Chaidir A.; de La Rosette, Jean J. M. C. H.

    2004-01-01

    Purpose of review To review the current diagnostic and treatment options of lower urinary tract symptom due to benign prostatic hyperplasia and to put data from real life practice into perspective. Recent findings The overall incidence rate of lower urinary tract symptom/benign prostatic hyperplasia

  8. Benign breast lesions in Kano | Ochicha | Nigerian Journal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Method: A five-year retrospective review of all histopathologically proven benign breast lesions in the two major hospitals in Kano was carried out. The data were analysed on the basis of the histopathological types, age and sex distribution. Results: Benign breast lesions accounted for 160 (73%) of all breast biopsies seen, ...

  9. Childhood Benign Surgical Gynaecological Disorders in Ilorin, Nigeria.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Context: Childhood benign gynaecological conditions are rare, yet their recogniton and correct management can have a huge impact on the individual's long-term reproductive health. Objective: To describe the experience with benign surgical gynaecological disorders in a tertiary health care institution. Study Design ...

  10. Is routine biopsy of sonographically benign breast lesions in black ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System. (BIRADS) classification has been developed for both ultrasound and mammography.[1] 'BIRADS 2 lesions are described as benign findings inclu ding intramammary nodes and breast implants. BIRADS 3 lesions are probably benign lesions including non calcified ...

  11. Is routine biopsy of sonographically benign breast lesions in black ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction. Breast lesions that appear benign on ultrasound examination continue to be biopsied, and no relevant data from Africa exist. Objective. To determine the histological spectrum of sonographically benign lesions measuring >3 cm in women in Johannesburg, South Africa, by age and population group, and ...

  12. Benign Strictures of the Esophagus and Gastric Outlet: Interventional Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jin Hyoung; Shin, Ji Hoon; Song, Ho Young [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-10-15

    Benign strictures of the esophagus and gastric outlet are difficult to manage conservatively and they usually require intervention to relieve dysphagia or to treat the stricture-related complications. In this article, authors review the non-surgical options that are used to treat benign strictures of the esophagus and gastric outlet, including balloon dilation, temporary stent placement, intralesional steroid injection and incisional therapy

  13. Endoscopic dilatation for benign oesophageal strictures in infants ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to present the safety and effectiveness of an expectant protocol employing Savary-Gilliard dilatation in benign oesophageal stricture in infants and toddlers along a decade of experience. Patients and Methods: Thirty eight infants and toddlers with benign oesophageal stricture with ...

  14. What do I tell patients about saw palmetto for benign prostatic hyperplasia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, Christopher J; Raheem, Omer A; Bent, Stephen; Avins, Andrew L

    2011-08-01

    Saw palmetto is widely used to treat lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Although there is passionate support for herbal and complementary therapies for LUTS, clinical evidence is mixed. Because there is a well-recognized, profound placebo effect in tests of efficacy for agents treating LUTS, it is imperative that all therapies be tested in placebo-controlled trials. This article reviews evidence of the efficacy and safety of saw palmetto for men with LUTS caused by BPH, with particular emphasis on published randomized clinical trials and the upcoming Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Urologic Symptoms (CAMUS) trial. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Nerve Invasion by Epithelial Cells in Benign Breast Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Jan Chan

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Nerve invasion by glandular epithelial cells in a lesion is usually regarded as invasive carcinoma. However, some benign conditions in the pancreas, prostate, breast and other organs may show involvement of nerve bundles by benign epithelial cells. We report an 18-year-old female with nerve invasion in benign breast disease. The lesion in her right breast revealed fibrocystic changes with ductal hyperplasia and stromal sclerosis. Perineural and intraneural involvement by bland-looking small ducts lined by 2 layers of cells including an outer layer of myoepithelial cells were found, suggestive of benign nerve invasion. There was no evidence of malignant cells in any of the sections. The patient remains well after 31 months of follow-up. About 44 cases of nerve invasion in benign breast diseases have been reported in the literature. It is necessary to carefully evaluate nerve involvement in breast lesions to avoid over-diagnosis and inappropriate operation.

  16. A novel serum microRNA panel to discriminate benign from malignant ovarian disease.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Langhe, Ream

    2015-01-28

    Ovarian cancer is the seventh most common cancer in women and the most frequent cause of gynaecological malignancy-related mortality in women. Currently, no standardized reliable screening test exists. MicroRNA profiling has allowed the identification of signatures associated with diagnosis, prognosis and response to treatment of human tumours. The aim of this study was to determine if a microRNA signature could distinguish between malignant and benign ovarian disease. A training set of 5 serous ovarian carcinomas and 5 benign serous cystadenomas were selected for the initial experiments. The validation set included 20 serous ovarian carcinomas and 20 benign serous cystadenomas. The serum\\/plasma focus microRNA Exiqon panel was used for the training set. For the validation set a pick and mix Exiqon panel, which focuses on microRNAs of interest was used. A panel of 4 microRNAs (let-7i-5p, miR-122, miR-152-5p and miR-25-3p) was significantly down regulated in cancer patients. These microRNAs target WNT signalling, AKT\\/mTOR and TLR-4\\/MyD88, which have previously been found to play a role in ovarian carcinogenesis and chemoresistance. let-7i-5p, miR-122, miR-152-5p and miR-25-3p could act as diagnostic biomarkers in ovarian cancer.

  17. Pathophysiology of clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keong Tatt Foo

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available A disease can be defined as an abnormal anatomy (pathology and/or function (physiology that may cause harm to the body. In clinical benign prostatic hyperplasis (BPH, the abnormal anatomy is prostate adenoma/adenomata, resulting in a varying degree of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO that may cause harm to the bladder or kidneys. Thus clinical BPH can be defined as such and be differentiated from other less common causes of male lower urinary tract symptoms. Diagnosis of the prostate adenoma/adenomata (PA can be made by measuring the intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP and prostate volume (PV with non-invasive transabdominal ultrasound (TAUS in the clinic. The PA can then be graded (phenotyped according to IPP and PV. Multiple studies have shown a good correlation between IPP/PV and BPO, and therefore progression of the disease. The severity of the disease clinical BPH can be classified into stages from stage I to IV for further management. The classification is based on the effect of BPO on bladder functions, namely that of emptying, normal if post-void residual urine (PVRU  100 mL. The effect of BPO on quality of life (QoL can be assessed by the QoL index, with a score ≥3 considered bothersome. Patients with no significant obstruction and no bothersome symptoms would be stage I; those with no significant obstruction but has bothersome symptoms (QoL ≥ 3 would be stage II; those with significant obstruction (PVRU > 100 mL; or MVV < 100 mL, irrespective of symptoms would be stage III; those with complications of the disease clinical BPH such as retention of urine, bladder stones, recurrent bleeding or infections would be stage IV. After assessment, further management can then be individualised. A low grade and stage disease can generally be watched (active surveillance while a high grade and stage disease would need more invasive management with an option for surgery. The final decision making would take into account the

  18. Helicobacter species are associated with possible increase in risk of biliary lithiasis and benign biliary diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Manoj

    2007-01-01

    Background Hepato-biliary tract lithiasis is common and present either as pain or as asymptomatic on abdominal ultrasonography for other causes. Although the DNA of Helicobacter species are identified in the gallbladder bile, tissue or stones analyzed from these cases, still a causal relationship could not be established due to different results from different geographical parts. Methods A detailed search of pubmed and pubmedcentral was carried out with key words Helicobacter and gallbladder, gallstones, hepaticolithiasis, cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis, benign biliary diseases, liver diseases. The data was entered in a data base and meta analysis was carried out. The analysis was carried out using odds ratio and a fixed effect model, 95% confidence intervals for odds ratio was calculated. Chi square test for heterogeneity was employed. The overall effect was calculated using Z test. Results A total of 12 articles were identified. One study used IgG for diagnosis while others used the PCR for Ure A gene, 16 S RNA or Cag A genes. A couple of studies used culture or histopathology besides the PCR. The cumulative results show a higher association of Helicobacter with chronic liver diseases (30.48%), and stone diseases (42.96%)(OR 1.77 95% CI 1.2–2.58; Z = 2.94, p = 0.003), the effect of each could not be identified as it was difficult to isolate the effect of helicobacter due to mixing of cases in each study. Conclusion The results of present meta analysis shows that there is a slight higher risk of cholelithiasis and benign liver disease (OR 1.77), however due to inherent inability to isolate the effect of stone disease from that of other benign lesions it is not possible to say for sure that Helicobacter has a casual relationship with benign biliary disease or stone disease or both. PMID:17708763

  19. Helicobacter species are associated with possible increase in risk of biliary lithiasis and benign biliary diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pandey Manoj

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hepato-biliary tract lithiasis is common and present either as pain or as asymptomatic on abdominal ultrasonography for other causes. Although the DNA of Helicobacter species are identified in the gallbladder bile, tissue or stones analyzed from these cases, still a causal relationship could not be established due to different results from different geographical parts. Methods A detailed search of pubmed and pubmedcentral was carried out with key words Helicobacter and gallbladder, gallstones, hepaticolithiasis, cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis, benign biliary diseases, liver diseases. The data was entered in a data base and meta analysis was carried out. The analysis was carried out using odds ratio and a fixed effect model, 95% confidence intervals for odds ratio was calculated. Chi square test for heterogeneity was employed. The overall effect was calculated using Z test. Results A total of 12 articles were identified. One study used IgG for diagnosis while others used the PCR for Ure A gene, 16 S RNA or Cag A genes. A couple of studies used culture or histopathology besides the PCR. The cumulative results show a higher association of Helicobacter with chronic liver diseases (30.48%, and stone diseases (42.96%(OR 1.77 95% CI 1.2–2.58; Z = 2.94, p = 0.003, the effect of each could not be identified as it was difficult to isolate the effect of helicobacter due to mixing of cases in each study. Conclusion The results of present meta analysis shows that there is a slight higher risk of cholelithiasis and benign liver disease (OR 1.77, however due to inherent inability to isolate the effect of stone disease from that of other benign lesions it is not possible to say for sure that Helicobacter has a casual relationship with benign biliary disease or stone disease or both.

  20. Helicobacter species are associated with possible increase in risk of biliary lithiasis and benign biliary diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Manoj

    2007-08-20

    Hepato-biliary tract lithiasis is common and present either as pain or as asymptomatic on abdominal ultrasonography for other causes. Although the DNA of Helicobacter species are identified in the gallbladder bile, tissue or stones analyzed from these cases, still a causal relationship could not be established due to different results from different geographical parts. A detailed search of pubmed and pubmedcentral was carried out with key words Helicobacter and gallbladder, gallstones, hepaticolithiasis, cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis, benign biliary diseases, liver diseases. The data was entered in a data base and meta analysis was carried out. The analysis was carried out using odds ratio and a fixed effect model, 95% confidence intervals for odds ratio was calculated. Chi square test for heterogeneity was employed. The overall effect was calculated using Z test. A total of 12 articles were identified. One study used IgG for diagnosis while others used the PCR for Ure A gene, 16 S RNA or Cag A genes. A couple of studies used culture or histopathology besides the PCR. The cumulative results show a higher association of Helicobacter with chronic liver diseases (30.48%), and stone diseases (42.96%)(OR 1.77 95% CI 1.2-2.58; Z = 2.94, p = 0.003), the effect of each could not be identified as it was difficult to isolate the effect of helicobacter due to mixing of cases in each study. The results of present meta analysis shows that there is a slight higher risk of cholelithiasis and benign liver disease (OR 1.77), however due to inherent inability to isolate the effect of stone disease from that of other benign lesions it is not possible to say for sure that Helicobacter has a casual relationship with benign biliary disease or stone disease or both.

  1. Benign and pathological electrocardiographic changes in athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, Marino; Vaz Silva, Manuel

    2015-12-01

    Sudden cardiac death is the leading cause of death in athletes during sport. It is a tragic event that generates significant media attention and discussion throughout society as to whether everything possible had been done to prevent it. Regular physical exercise causes cardiac remodeling at both the mechanical and electrical level, known as athlete's heart, resulting in an electrocardiogram (ECG) considered abnormal compared with the ECGs of the general population. Some of these electrocardiographic changes are considered normal or physiological in athletes, while others suggest underlying cardiac disease with the potential to cause sudden cardiac death. There is thus an urgent need to define the electrocardiographic patterns that allow or prohibit participation in sports, and to differentiate them in terms of gender, ethnicity and age. The purpose of this review is to present the latest data on the electrocardiographic changes considered benign or pathological that are typically found in athletes and to critically analyze the most recent criteria for classifying ECGs in this population (the Seattle criteria), comparing them with previous guidelines and with the latest studies on the subject. This article also examines the question of including ECGs in pre-participation screening programs, the US and European approaches to the subject, and the most up-to-date data on the sensitivity, specificity and cost-effectiveness of the ECG in athletes. Copyright © 2015 Sociedade Portuguesa de Cardiologia. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  2. [Benign pleural effusion caused by asbestos exposure].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, J R; Alfarroba, E; Viegas, J; Freitas e Costa, M

    1992-05-01

    The Authors present the first case described among us of benign pleural effusion of an asbestotic origin. They stress the importance of thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy) in the diagnosis of this situation. Attention is drawn to the fact that asbestotic lesions and asbestotic bodies have been found in the lung and, in particular, in the parietal pleura as well. They emphasize the fact that exposure to asbestos was not realized by the patient, which made the clarification of the situation more difficult. It was a CT scan that showed the signs suggestive of exposure to asbestos which raised the diagnostic suspicion. They conclude that every patient with a pleural effusion must be thoroughly questioned about exposure to asbestos. Even if the exposure is accepted, they consider that one should proceed to a pleuro-pulmonar biopsy by thoracoscopy. This biopsy allows demonstration of the characteristic histopathological lesions and rule out other etiologies, namely malignancy and tuberculosis. They suggest that these patients must be highly motivated to stop any smoking and kept under periodic surveillance.

  3. Transurethral microwave thermotherapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubeinstein Jonathan N.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP remains the gold standard for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH. In general, while this procedure is safe, patients require a spinal, epidural, or general anesthesia and often several days of hospital stay; the potential morbidity and mortality limits the use of TURP in high-risk patients. Pharmacotherapy has been recommended as a first-line therapy for all patients with mild to moderate symptoms. Patients are oftentimes enthusiastic if they are offered a one-time method to treat lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to BPH, provided that the method offers reduced risk and allows an efficacy equal to that of medical therapy. One such method is transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT. TUMT involves the insertion of a specially designed urinary catheter with a microwave antenna, which heats the prostate and destroys hyperplastic prostate tissue. TUMT allows the avoidance of general or regional anesthesia, and results in minimal blood loss and fluid absorption. In this review, the authors discussed the current indications and outcome of TUMT, including the history of the procedure, the mechanism of action, the indications for TUMT, the pre-operative considerations, the patient selection, the results in terms of efficacy, by comparing TUMT vs. Sham, TUMT vs. Alpha-blocker and TUMT vs. TURP. Finally, the complications are presented, as well as other uses and future directions of the procedure. The authors concluded that TUMT is a safe and effective minimally invasive alternative to treatment of symptomatic BPH.

  4. Minimally invasive treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian A VanderBrink

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Minimally invasive treatment (MIT options for relief of symptoms attributed to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO are becoming a more commonly used option for patients failing medical therapy. These MIT utilize an endoscopic approach to either ablate the obstructing prostatic tissue by a variety of techniques or to place a urethral stent to relieve BPO. The uniting factor in all MIT is to decrease or eliminate the current morbidity and complications that accompany the standard surgical therapy such as transurethral resection of prostate (TURP. Clinical trials evaluating the efficacy and morbidity of these MIT modalities, either alone or in comparison to TURP are reviewed. Level I evidence (randomized controlled trials are present for most of the MITs and provide the strongest support for overall conclusions. Symptomatic improvements and quality of life (QoL improvements for all of the MIT follow a similar pattern with a more pronounced improvement in outcomes for the more ablative techniques. Uroflowmetry and durability of outcomes, however, seem to demonstrate little differences amongst the therapies. Disparities existed in the morbidity observed with the different techniques. Urinary retention and urinary infections were more common in the ablative technologies. Rates of blood loss, urinary incontinence, sexual dysfunction and urethral strictures were observed at a lower rate in the MIT groups when compared to the rates observed in TURP. The morbidity and durability of TURP is higher and longer than that of MIT, respectively.

  5. Serum relaxin levels in benign hypermobility syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Em, Serda; Oktayoglu, Pelin; Bozkurt, Mehtap; Caglayan, Mehmet; Karakoc, Mehmet; Ucar, Demet; Verim, Sabahattin; Yildiz, Ismail; Sariyildiz, Mustafa Akif; Evliyaoglu, Osman; Nas, Kemal

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the activity of serum relaxin in female patients with benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS), locomotor system findings accompanying BJHS, and its relation to relaxin. Into the study, female patients with BJHS and healthy women as the control group were included. The patients were diagnosed by using the Brighton 1998 criteria. Examination of the locomotor system for study groups were performed. Serum relaxin levels of both patient and control group were measured. There were 48 female patients with BJHS and 40 healthy women in the study. With respect to the control group, the level of serum relaxin was higher in the patients (47.1 ± 20.3, 34.4 ± 22.1; p> 0.05). Again compared with the control group, arthralgia (p= 0.00), myalgia (p= 0.01), shoulder impingement syndrome (p= 0.05), pes planus (p= 0.01), and hyperkyphosis (p= 0.000) were higher in the patients. The level of relaxin median was significantly higher in the patients with pesplanus and hyperkyphosis than those who did not have them (p= 0.05, p= 0.01, respectively). Although serum relaxin level is not considered a causative factor for BJHS, the significant increases found in those patients with hyperkyphosis and pes planus suggest the hypothesis that relaxin has a limited and indefinite role in patients with BJHS.

  6. MR findings of atypical meningioma: comparison with benign meningioma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Ji Hoon; Lee, Ho Kyu; Kim, Jung Hoon; Shin, Byung Suck; Lim, Soo Mee; Kim, Dae Hong; Choi, Choong Gon; Suh, Dae Chul [Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-10-01

    Atypical meningioma is an intermediate type, between benign and malignant meningiomas, and has a higher recurrence rate and poorer prognosis than the benign type. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the differential imaging findings between atypical and benign meningiomas. Over a five-year period, 11 acses of atypical meningioma (in ten patients) were pathologically proven, and 30 benign meningiomas were collected consecutively over 6 months. In retrospective analysis, the MR findings of atypical and benign meningiomas were compared with respect to tumor margin, lobulation, intra-/peritumoral hemorrhage, cystic change, heterogeneity, peritumoral edema, enhacement of adjacent meninges, invasion of adjacent venous sinus and adjacent bony change. Signigicant differential MR findings between the two groups were ill-defined tumor margin(atypical-27%;benign-0%), lobulation(82%;43%), heterogeneity(73%;30%), and peritumoral edema(100%;47%). With regard to moderate edema, there was no significant difference between the two groups (36%;23%), and with regard to intra-/peritumoral hemorrhage, cystic change, enhancement of adjacent meninges, invasion of adjacent venous sinus, and adjacent bony change, MR findings between the two groups were not significantly different. The MR findings of atypical meningioma are significantly different in several ways from those of benign meningioma, and these differences may help differentiate the two types.=20.

  7. Gallbladder benign neoplasms: relationship with lithiasis and cancer (ultrasonographic study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brogna, A; Bucceri, A M; Branciforte, G; Travali, S; Loreno, M; Muratore, L A; Catalano, F

    2001-09-01

    The aim of this study is to clarify the prevalence of gallbladder benign neoplasms, their ultrasonographic appearance and their relationship with gallbladder lithiasis and cancer. This study was carried out on 9000 consecutive patients having ultrasound of upper abdomen. Only adenomas and papillomas are considered as true benign neoplasms of the gallbladder. Adenomiomatosis and cholesterol polyps, often erroneously labelled as benign neoplasms, were excluded. Patients were followed-up by ultrasound every three months up to two years. The prevalence of benign neoplasms was 1.19%. Papillomas were found more frequently than adenomas both in males (68.51%) and in females (94.33%). Gallstones were not concomitant with benign neoplasms in any case. Neither stones nor growth of gallbladder benign neoplasms were recorded within the two-year follow-up period. Papillomas were more frequent than adenomas. No gallstone was concurrent with gallbladder benign neoplasms in our series. However, when gallstones are evidenced at ultrasound, further attention is recommended to discover probable concomitant neoplasms. Papillomas and adenomas more than 1 cm in diameter should be quarterly followed-up, while smaller masses could be six-monthly controlled. Surgery should be indicated for large-sized or rapidly growing masses because of the risk for cancer development.

  8. Sclerotherapy for Benign Cystic Diseases in the Neck

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ji Hoon; Sohn, Chul Ho; Choi, Seung Hong; Yun, Tae Jin [Dept. of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-08-15

    Surgery has been the classic treatment of choice for benign cystic diseases, including lymphatic malformation, ranula, branchial cleft cyst, thyroglossal duct cyst, thyroid cyst, parathyroid cyst, and lymphocele. However, surgery is associated with a tendency toward recurrence and may be accompanied by various complications, such as nerve injuries, vascular injuries, and scar formation. Therefore, sclerotherapy using various agents has been applied successfully to treatment of benign cystic diseases in the neck. This editorial reviews the use of various sclerotic agents and application of sclerotherapy to benign cystic diseases in the neck.

  9. Impact of radiation therapy for benign diseases; Role de la radiotherapie dans les affections benignes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kantor, G. [Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale (INSERM), Fondation Bergonie, 33 - Bordeaux (France); Van Houtte, P.; Beauvois, S.; Roelandts, M. [Institut Bordet, Brussels (Belgium)

    1997-12-31

    Radiation therapy of benign diseases represent a wide panel of indications. Some indications are clearly identified as treatment of arteriovenous malformations (AVM), hyperthyroid ophthalmopathy, postoperative heterotopic bone formations or keloid scars. Some indications are under evaluation as complications induced by neo-vessels of age-related macular degeneration or coronary restenosis after angioplasty. Some indications remain controversial with poor evidence of efficiency as treatment of bursitis, tendinitis or Dupuytren`s disease. Some indications are now obsolete such as warts, or contra-indicated as treatment of infant and children. (authors)

  10. DEVELOPMENT OF AN ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN MICROBIAL INHIBITOR TO CONTROL INTERNAL PIPELINE CORROSION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kristine L. Lowe; Bill W. Bogan; Wendy R. Sullivan; Kristine Mila H. Cruz; Brigid M. Lamb; John J. Kilbane II

    2004-07-30

    The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmentally benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is to develop one or more environmentally benign (a.k.a. ''green'') products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. Previous testing indicated that the growth, and the metal corrosion caused by pure cultures of sulfate reducing bacteria were inhibited by hexane extracts of some pepper plants. This quarter tests were performed with mixed bacterial cultures obtained from natural gas pipelines. Treatment with the pepper extracts affected the growth and metabolic activity of the microbial consortia. Specifically, the growth and metabolism of sulfate reducing bacteria was inhibited. The demonstration that pepper extracts can inhibit the growth and metabolism of sulfate reducing bacteria in mixed cultures is a significant observation validating a key hypothesis of the project. Future tests to determine the effects of pepper extracts on mature/established biofilms will be performed next.

  11. Microwave thermotherapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Richard M; Monga, Manoj; Elliott, Sean P; Macdonald, Roderick; Langsjoen, Jens; Tacklind, James; Wilt, Timothy J

    2012-09-12

    Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) has been the gold-standard treatment for alleviating urinary symptoms and improving urinary flow in men with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, the morbidity of TURP approaches 20%, and less invasive techniques have been developed for treating BPH. Preliminary data suggest that microwave thermotherapy, which delivers microwave energy to produce coagulation necrosis in prostatic tissue, is a safe, effective treatment for BPH. To assess the therapeutic efficacy and safety of microwave thermotherapy techniques for treating men with symptomatic benign prostatic obstruction. Randomized controlled trials were identified from The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, bibliographies of retrieved articles, reviews, technical reports, and by contacting relevant expert trialists and microwave manufacturers. All randomized controlled trials evaluating transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) for men with symptomatic BPH were eligible for this review. Comparison groups could include transurethral resection of the prostate, minimally invasive prostatectomy techniques, sham thermotherapy procedures, and medications. Outcome measures included urinary symptoms, urinary function, prostate volume, mortality, morbidity, and retreatment. Two review authors independently identified potentially relevant abstracts and then assessed the full papers for inclusion. Two review authors independently abstracted study design, baseline characteristics, and outcomes data and assessed methodological quality using a standard form. We attempted to obtain missing data from authors or sponsors, or both. In this update, we identified no new randomized comparisons of TUMT that provided evaluable effectiveness data. Fifteen studies involving 1585 patients met the inclusion criteria, including six comparisons of microwave thermotherapy with TURP, eight comparisons with sham thermotherapy procedures, and one comparison with an alpha

  12. [Drug therapy for benign prostatic syndrome (BPS)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berges, R

    2006-09-01

    Alpha1-receptor blockers (alfuzosin, doxazosin, tamsulosin and terazosin), 5alpha-reductase inhibitors (dutasteride and finasteride) and combinations thereof are used in the drug treatment of benign prostatic syndrome. As before, there is still no evidence supporting the use of plant extracts, the use of anticholinergic substances alone or in combination with other BPS drugs is currently under investigation and should not be attempted outside of clinical trials. For all drugs the placebo effect is considerable. Accordingly, deviations from the recommended doses are rapidly associated with an activity loss over that of placebo. alpha1-Receptor blockers show a rapid onset of action and are slightly superior to 5alpha-reductase inhibitors with regard to the relief of symptoms. All alpha1-receptor blockers are similarly effective at adequate doses, however, quantitative differences are seen in the side effect profiles. 5alpha-reductase inhibitors also provide relief from BPS-associated symptoms with the relief being volume-dependent. Prostate volume-dependent complications of BPS (operation risk and risk of acute urine retention) can be reduced by 5alpha-reductase inhibitors. Long-term drug studies have demonstrated the superiority of combination therapies over monotherapies with alpha1-receptor blockers and 5alpha-reductase inhibitors in patients with a high risk for progression. This superiority is accompanied by a combination of the respective side-effect profiles and their absolute increase. Besides poorer tolerability, combination therapies also result in higher costs. Thus, it is important to decide at an early stage which patients are to be treated with drugs and which by surgery.

  13. Chromosomal aberrations in benign prostatic hyperplasia patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muammer Altok

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To investigate the chromosomal changes in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH. Materials and Methods: A total of 54 patients diagnosed with clinical BPH underwent transurethral prostate resection to address their primary urological problem. All patients were evaluated by use of a comprehensive medical history and rectal digital examination. The preoperative evaluation also included serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA measurement and ultrasonographic measurement of prostate volume. Prostate cancer was detected in one patient, who was then excluded from the study. We performed conventional cytogenetic analyses of short-term cultures of 53 peripheral blood samples obtained from the BPH patients. Results: The mean (±standard deviation age of the 53 patients was 67.8±9.4 years. The mean PSA value of the patients was 5.8±7.0 ng/mL. The mean prostate volume was 53.6±22.9 mL. Chromosomal abnormalities were noted in 5 of the 53 cases (9.4%. Loss of the Y chromosome was the most frequent chromosomal abnormality and was observed in three patients (5.7%. There was no statistically significant relationship among age, PSA, prostate volume, and chromosomal changes. Conclusions: Loss of the Y chromosome was the main chromosomal abnormality found in our study. However, this coexistence did not reach a significant level. Our study concluded that loss of the Y chromosome cannot be considered relevant for the diagnosis of BPH as it is for prostate cancer. Because BPH usually occurs in aging men, loss of the Y chromosome in BPH patients may instead be related to the aging process.

  14. Chromosomal aberrations in benign prostatic hyperplasia patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bağcı, Özkan; Umul, Mehmet; Güneş, Mustafa; Akyüz, Mehmet; Uruç, Fatih; Uz, Efkan; Soyupek, Sedat

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To investigate the chromosomal changes in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and Methods A total of 54 patients diagnosed with clinical BPH underwent transurethral prostate resection to address their primary urological problem. All patients were evaluated by use of a comprehensive medical history and rectal digital examination. The preoperative evaluation also included serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) measurement and ultrasonographic measurement of prostate volume. Prostate cancer was detected in one patient, who was then excluded from the study. We performed conventional cytogenetic analyses of short-term cultures of 53 peripheral blood samples obtained from the BPH patients. Results The mean (±standard deviation) age of the 53 patients was 67.8±9.4 years. The mean PSA value of the patients was 5.8±7.0 ng/mL. The mean prostate volume was 53.6±22.9 mL. Chromosomal abnormalities were noted in 5 of the 53 cases (9.4%). Loss of the Y chromosome was the most frequent chromosomal abnormality and was observed in three patients (5.7%). There was no statistically significant relationship among age, PSA, prostate volume, and chromosomal changes. Conclusions Loss of the Y chromosome was the main chromosomal abnormality found in our study. However, this coexistence did not reach a significant level. Our study concluded that loss of the Y chromosome cannot be considered relevant for the diagnosis of BPH as it is for prostate cancer. Because BPH usually occurs in aging men, loss of the Y chromosome in BPH patients may instead be related to the aging process. PMID:26966725

  15. Benign emptying of the postpneumonectomy space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merritt, Robert E; Reznik, Scott I; DaSilva, Marcelo C; Sugarbaker, David J; Whyte, Richard I; Donahue, Dean M; Hoang, Chuong D; Smythe, W Roy; Shrager, Joseph B

    2011-09-01

    A fall in the postpneumonectomy fluid level is considered a sign of bronchopleural fistula (BPF) requiring surgical intervention. We have discovered however that in rare asymptomatic patients, this event may not require aggressive surgical treatment. After seeing a case of benign emptying of the postpneumonectomy space (BEPS), we surveyed 28 surgeons to determine its incidence and characteristics. Forty-four cases of BEPS were reported by 23 survey respondents. Among 7 fully documented cases from 4 institutions, we defined the following criteria: the patient must be asymptomatic (no fever, white cell count elevation, or fluid expectoration), negative culture results if fluid sampled (patient not receiving antibiotics), no BPF at bronchoscopy or ventilation scintigraphy scan (or both), and recovery without drainage, or retrospective assessment that the intervention was unnecessary. BEPS occurred between 5 days and 152 days after pneumonectomy (6 cases right pneumonectomy and 1 case left pneumonectomy). Four patients underwent no treatment, 1 patient underwent thoracoscopic exploration (sterile) and closure after antibiotic irrigation, 1 patient underwent thoracoscopic exploration alone, and 1 patient underwent open window thoracostomy (sterile) with eventual closure. In all 7 patients (except the patient who underwent the open window procedure) the space refilled within 8 weeks; no patient experienced a subsequent empyema/BPF. Four patients who met the initial criteria for BEPS went on to experience empyema. The incidence of BEPS appears related to pneumonectomy volume, particularly extrapleural pneumonectomy. Using surgeon volume assumptions, the incidence of BEPS is 0.65%. To our knowledge, BEPS is a previously unreported occurrence. We hypothesize that it results from postoperative intrapleural pressure shifts, with or without a microscopic BPF, that drive fluid out of the pleural space while failing to cause contamination. Awareness of BEPS' existence may allow

  16. Contemporary surgical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Luís Vita Nunes

    Full Text Available Summary Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH is a common condition in adult men and its incidence increases progressively with aging. It has an important impact on the individual’s physical and mental health and its natural progression can lead to serious pathological situations. Although the initial treatment is pharmacological, except in specific situations, the tendency of disease progression causes a considerable portion of the patients to require surgical treatment. In this case, there are several options available today in the therapeutic armamentarium. Among the options, established techniques, such as open surgery and endoscopic resection using monopolar energy, still prevail in the choice of surgeons because they are more accessible, both from a socioeconomic standpoint in the vast majority of medical services and in terms of training of medical teams. On the other hand, new techniques and technologies arise sequentially in order to minimize aggression, surgical time, recovery and complications, optimizing results related to the efficacy/safety dyad. Each of these techniques has its own peculiarities regarding availability due to cost, learning curve and scientific consolidation in order to achieve recognition as a cutting-edge method in the medical field. The use of bipolar energy in endoscopic resection of the prostate, laser vaporization and enucleation techniques, and videolaparoscopy are examples of new options that have successfully traced this path. Robot-assisted surgery has gained a lot of space in the last decade, but it still needs to dodge the trade barrier. Other techniques and technologies will need to pass the test of time to be able to conquer their space in this growing market.

  17. VIDEOLARYNGOSCOPIC SURGEY IN BENIGN LARYNGEAL LESIONS-OUR EXPERIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satheesh

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available : Benign laryngeal lesions are commonly encountered causes of dysphonia and are often surgically correctable. A prospective study on 62 cases selected for videolaryngoscopic surgery was undertaken in a single unit in the department of ENT, Medical College Hospital, Thiruvananthapuram. The male: female ratio was 1.8:1 and the most common affected age group was 35-45 yrs. The most common benign lesion was vocal polyp. Preoperative voice assessment and 70 degree endoscopy was done. Follow up visits were done at 1 week, 3 weeks and 6 weeks and voice assessment and laryngoscopic appearances were noted. 98% reported excellent improvement of voice. The varieties of benign lesions which cause hoarseness are sources of concern and worry as it can affect the self esteem of a person. Thus videolaryngoscopic surgery (VLS coupled with voice therapy offers cost effective and safe management in benign laryngeal lesions

  18. Surgical approach to hysterectomy for benign gynaecological disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieboer, Theodoor E.; Johnson, Neil; Lethaby, Anne; Tavender, Emma; Curr, Elizabeth; Garry, Ray; van Voorst, Sabine; Mol, Ben Willem J.; Kluivers, Kirsten B.

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The three approaches to hysterectomy for benign disease are abdominal hysterectomy (AH), vaginal hysterectomy (VH), and laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH). Laparoscopic hysterectomy has three further subdivisions depending on the part of the procedure performed laparoscopically. OBJECTIVES:

  19. Therapy: a new nonsurgical therapy option for benign thyroid nodules?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hegedüs, Laszlo

    2009-01-01

    Despite the increasing implementation of iodization programs, benign nodular thyroid disease will remain a prevalent therapeutic concern for decades. recent research suggests that nonsurgical therapy, including radioactive iodine, radiofrequency thermal ablation and percutaneous laser ablation...

  20. Non-specific exercise therapy for benign paroxysmal postural vertigo

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nomura, Toshiyuki; Yamamoto, Masahiko; Suzuki, Mitsuya; Yoshida, Tomoe; Ohwada, Satoko; Ikemiyagi, Yoshihiro; Shigeta, Fuyuko; Tamura, Yuya

    2011-01-01

    We treated 1145 patients diagnosed as having benign paroxysmal postural vertigo at the Toho University Medical Center Sakura Hospital from August 2007 to July 2009 by the exercise therapy developed by us...

  1. How long can you keep working with benign multiple sclerosis?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Glad, Solveig B; Nyland, Harald; Aarseth, Jan Harald; Riise, Trond; Myhr, Kjell-Morten

    2011-01-01

    To study employment in benign multiple sclerosis (MS), the frequency of employment was analysed and the effect of early clinical and demographic factors on time to disability pension was evaluated in a population based MS cohort...

  2. Surgical approach to hysterectomy for benign gynaecological disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aarts, J.W.M.; Nieboer, T.E.; Johnson, N.; Tavender, E.; Garry, R.; Mol, B.W.; Kluivers, K.B.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The four approaches to hysterectomy for benign disease are abdominal hysterectomy (AH), vaginal hysterectomy (VH), laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) and robotic-assisted hysterectomy (RH). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of different surgical approaches to hysterectomy

  3. Circulating Microparticles in Patients with Benign and Malignant Ovarian Tumors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rank, A.; Liebhardt, S.; Zwirner, J.; Burges, A.; Nieuwland, R.; Toth, B.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Microparticles are known to be increased in various malignancies. In this prospective study, microparticle levels were evaluated in patients with benign and malignant ovarian lesions. Patients and Methods: Microparticles from platelets/megakaryocytes, activated platelets and endothelial

  4. A contrast-enhanced ultrasound study of benign and malignant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    enhanced ultrasound assessment in benign and malignant breast tissue, using histological examination as the reference standard. Methods. An HDI 5000 Phillips ultrasound scanner with microvascular imaging software and 2.5 ml SonoVue (Bracco ...

  5. Malondialdehyde in benign prostate hypertrophy: a useful marker?

    OpenAIRE

    Rosaria Alba Merendino; Francesco Salvo; Antonella Saija; Giuseppe Di Pasquale; Antonio Tomaino; Paola Lucia Minciullo; Giuseppe Fraccica; Sebastiano Gangemi

    2003-01-01

    Benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH) is the most common benign tumor in men due to obstruction of the urethra and, finally, uremia. Malondialdehyde (MDA) is a product derived from peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and related esters. Evaluation of MDA in serum represents a non-invasive biomarker of oxidative stress. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a sensitive marker for prostatic hypertrophy and cancer. We analyzed MDA serum levels to evaluate the oxidative stress in BPH. To this en...

  6. Benign duodenocolic fistula. A case presenting with acidosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Benn, Marianne; Nielsen, F T; Antonsen, H K

    1997-01-01

    A case of benign duodenocolic fistula as a complication to peptic ulcer disease is presented, the case being interesting for the rarity of the diagnosis and by being complicated with acidosis. The etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment are reviewed.......A case of benign duodenocolic fistula as a complication to peptic ulcer disease is presented, the case being interesting for the rarity of the diagnosis and by being complicated with acidosis. The etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment are reviewed....

  7. Benign Breast Disease: Toward Molecular Prediction of Breast Cancer Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    at the initial biopsy, the strength of the family history, meno- pausal status, and histologic findings of the biop- sy, as compared with expected...breast cancers for 646/758 (85%) of the cases. We assessed the significance of benign histology in predicting risk of future breast cancer, examining...TERMS Benign Breast Disease, Biomarkers, Histology , Breast Cancer 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF

  8. Benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood: A review of the literature

    OpenAIRE

    Batson, Glenna

    2004-01-01

    Childrens’ complaints of headache and dizziness merit careful evaluation to differentially diagnose a vestibular disorder. Children can manifest with a syndrome mimicking certain classic signs and symptoms of adult vestibular disorders, such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, usually associated with aging. Benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood in which migraine is a key manifestation along with sudden onset of dizziness, is a rare peripheral vestibular disorder in children that is comm...

  9. Imaging of benign tumors of the osseous spine

    OpenAIRE

    Riahi, Hend; Mechri, Meriem; Barsaoui, Maher; Bouaziz, Mouna; Vanhoenacker, Filip; Ladeb, Mohamed

    2018-01-01

    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the imaging features of the most prevalent benign bone tumors involving the spine. Benign tumors of the osseous spine account approximately for 1% of all primary skeletal tumors. Many lesions exhibit characteristic radiologic features. In addition to age and location of the lesion, radiographs are an essential step in the initial detection and characterization but are limited to complex anatomy and superposition. CT and MR imagi...

  10. Treatment of oral soft tissues benign tumors using laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crisan, Bogdan; Baciut, Mihaela; Crisan, Liana; Bran, Simion; Rotar, Horatiu; Dinu, Cristian; Moldovan, Iuliu; Baciut, Grigore

    2014-01-01

    The present study aimed to assess the efficacy and indications of surgical laser therapy in the treatment of oral soft tissues benign tumors compared to classic surgery. A controlled clinical study was conducted in a group of 93 patients presenting various forms of oral soft tissues benign tumors. These patients were examined pre-and postoperatively and the oral benign tumors were measured linearly and photographed. The surgery of laser-assisted biopsy excision of oral benign tumors was carried out using a diode laser device of 980 nm. In patients who received surgical laser treatment, therapeutic doses of laser to biostimulate the operated area were administered on the first day after the surgery. The interventions of conventional excision of oral soft tissues benign tumors consisted in removing them using scalpel. In patients who have received therapeutic doses of laser for biostimulation of the operated area, a faster healing of wound surfaces and tumor bed was observed during the first days after surgery. Two weeks after the surgical treatment, good healing without scarring or discomfort in the area of excision was documented. Surgical treatment of oral soft tissues benign tumors with laser assisted postoperative therapy confirms the benefits of this surgical procedure. A faster healing process of the excision area due to laser biostimulation of low intensity has been observed in patients with surgical laser assisted treatment in the postoperative period.

  11. Diagnostic value of chemical shift artifact in distinguishing benign lymphadenopathy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farshchian, Nazanin, E-mail: farshchian.n@gmail.com [Department of Radiology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Tamari, Saghar; Farshchian, Negin [Department of Radiology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Madani, Hamid [Department of Pathology, Imam-Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rezaie, Mansour [Department of Biostatistics, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mohammadi-Motlagh, Hamid-Reza, E-mail: mohammadimotlagh@gmail.com [Medical Biology Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2011-11-15

    Purpose: Today, distinguishing metastatic lymph nodes from secondary benign inflammatory ones via using non-invasive methods is increasingly favorable. In this study, the diagnostic value of chemical shift artifact (CSA) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was evaluated to distinguish benign lymphadenopathy. Subjects and methods: A prospective intraindividual internal review board-approved study was carried out on 15 men and 15 women having lymphadenopathic lesions in different locations of the body who underwent contrast-enhanced dynamic MR imaging at 1.5 T. Then, the imaging findings were compared with pathology reports, using the statistics analyses. Results: Due to the findings of the CSA existence in MRI, a total of 56.7% of the studied lesions (17 of 30) were identified as benign lesions and the rest were malignant, whereas the pathology reports distinguished twelve malignant and eighteen benign cases. Furthermore, the CSA findings comparing the pathology reports indicated that CSA, with confidence of 79.5%, has a significant diagnostic value to differentiate benign lesions from malignant ones. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that CSA in MR imaging has a suitable diagnostic potential nearing readiness for clinical trials. Furthermore, CSA seems to be a feasible tool to differentiate benign lymph nodes from malignant ones; however, further studies including larger numbers of patients are required to confirm our results.

  12. High energy thermotherapy in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: results of the European Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Study Group

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de la Rosette, J. J.; de Wildt, M. J.; Höfner, K.; Carter, S. S.; Debruyne, F. M.; Tubaro, A.

    1996-01-01

    We documented the results of high energy transurethral microwave thermotherapy in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. We evaluated 116 patients following transurethral microwave thermotherapy according to symptom scores, transrectal ultrasound, free voiding and pressure-flow study

  13. Gastric Schwannoma: A Benign Tumor Often Misdiagnosed as Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Apurva S; Rathi, Pravin M; Somani, Vaibhav S; Mulani, Astha M

    2015-09-28

    Gastric schwannomas are rare mesenchymal tumors that arise from the nerve plexus of gut wall. They present with nonspecific symptoms and are often detected incidentally. Preoperative investigation is not pathognomic and many are therefore misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumors. We report a rare case of a 37-year old woman who underwent laparotomy for complex bilateral ovarian cyst with resection of gastric-gastrointestinal stromal tumor preoperatively, but confirmed to have a gastric schwannomas postoperatively. This case underscores the differential diagnosis of submucosal, exophytic gastric mass as schwannoma.

  14. Gastric schwannoma: a benign tumor often misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Apurva S. Shah

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Gastric schwannomas are rare mesenchymal tumors that arise from the nerve plexus of gut wall. They present with nonspecific symptoms and are often detected incidentally. Preoperative investigation is not pathognomic and many are therefore misdiagnosed as gastrointestinal stromal tumors. We report a rare case of a 37-year old woman who underwent laparotomy for complex bilateral ovarian cyst with resection of gastric-gastrointestinal stromal tumor preoperatively, but confirmed to have a gastric schwannomas postoperatively. This case underscores the differential diagnosis of submucosal, exophytic gastric mass as schwannoma.

  15. Mixed Movements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brabrand, Helle

    2010-01-01

    levels than those related to building, and this exploration is a special challenge and competence implicit artistic development work. The project Mixed Movements generates drawing-material, not primary as representation, but as a performance-based media, making the body being-in-the-media felt and appear......Mixed Movements is a research project engaged in performance-based architectural drawing. Architectonic implementation questions relations between the human body and a body of architecture by the different ways we handle drawing materials. A drawing may explore architectonic problems at other...

  16. Benign breast diseases. Radiology, pathology, risk assessment. 2. ed.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chinyama, Catherine N. [Princess Elizabeth Hospital, Le Vauquiedor, St. Martin' s Guernsey, Channel Islands (United Kingdom); Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton (United Kingdom)

    2014-04-01

    Radiological and pathological correlation of the full range of benign breast lesions, with emphasis on screen-detected lesions. Detailed discussion of risk assessment. Revised and updated edition, with a new chapter on gynaecomastia. Ideal aid to the management of patients with benign or indeterminate breast lesions in a multidisciplinary setting. The second edition of this book has been extensively revised and updated. There have been numerous scientific advances in the radiology, pathology and risk assessment of benign breast lesions since the publication of the first edition. The first edition concentrated on screen-detected lesions, which has since been rectified; new symptomatic and screen-detected lesions are discussed in the second edition and include: mastitis and breast abscesses, idiopathic granulomatous mastitis, diabetic mastopathy, phyllodes tumours, gynaecomastia and pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia. The chapters on columnar cell lesions and mucocele-like lesions have been extensively updated. Where applicable, genetic analysis of the benign lesions, which is becoming part of personalised medicine in the field of breast cancer, has been included. The book also presents detailed analyses of the main models, such as the Gail Model, used to assess the subsequent risk of breast cancer in individuals. The current trend in the management of all cancers is preventative. Screening mammography detects early curable cancers as well as indeterminate lesions, the latter of which are invariably pathologically benign. The author has collated important benign lesions and, based on peer-reviewed publications, has documented the relative risk of subsequent cancer to allow the patient and the clinician to implement preventative measures where possible. This book will therefore serve as an essential component of multidisciplinary management of patients with symptomatic and screen-detected benign breast lesions.

  17. Serenoa repens for benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tacklind, James; Macdonald, Roderick; Rutks, Indy; Stanke, Judith U; Wilt, Timothy J

    2012-12-12

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate, which can lead to obstructive and irritative lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). The pharmacologic use of plants and herbs (phytotherapy) for the treatment of LUTS associated with BPH is common. The extract of the berry of the American saw palmetto, or dwarf palm plant, Serenoa repens (SR), which is also known by its botanical name of Sabal serrulatum, is one of several phytotherapeutic agents available for the treatment of BPH. This systematic review aimed to assess the effects and harms of Serenoa repens in the treatment of men with LUTS consistent with BPH. We searched for trials in general and in specialized databases, including the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE®, EMBASE, CINAHL®, Web of Science, SCOPUS, BIOSIS Previews®, LILACS, ClinicalTrials.gov, Controlled-Trials.com, World Health Organization (WHO), and Google Scholar. We also handsearched systematic reviews, references, and clinical practice guidelines. There were no language restrictions. Trials were eligible if they randomized men with symptomatic BPH to receive preparations of SR (alone or in combination) for at least four weeks in comparison with placebo or other interventions, and included clinical outcomes, such as urologic symptom scales, symptoms, and urodynamic measurements. Eligibility was assessed by at least two independent observers (JT, RM). One review author (JT) extracted Information on patients, interventions, and outcomes which was then checked by another review author (RM). The main outcome measure for comparing the effectiveness of SR with active or inert controls was change in urologic symptom-scale scores, with validated scores taking precedence over non validated ones. Secondary outcomes included changes in nocturia and urodynamic measures. The main outcome measure for harms was the number of men reporting side effects. In a meta-analysis of two high quality long

  18. Mixed parentage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang Appel, Helene; Singla, Rashmi

    2016-01-01

    Despite an increase in cross border intimate relationships and children of mixed parentage, there is little mention or scholarship about them in the area of childhood and migrancy in the Nordic countries. The international literature implies historical pathologisation, contestation and current...

  19. Mixed segmentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Allan Grutt; Bonde, Anders; Aagaard, Morten

    This book is about using recent developments in the fields of data analytics and data visualization to frame new ways of identifying target groups in media communication. Based on a mixed-methods approach, the authors combine psychophysiological monitoring (galvanic skin response) with textual...

  20. Echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions on imaging with new ultrasound techniques – report with pictorial presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafał Z. Słapa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of the research was to assess the echogenicity of benign adrenal focal lesions using new ultrasound techniques. Material and method: 34 benign adrenal masses in 29 patients were analyzed retrospectively. The examinations were conducted using Aplio XG (Toshiba, Japan ultrasound scanner with a convex probe 1–6 MHz in the B-mode presentation with the combined use of new ultrasound techniques: harmonic imaging and spatial compound sonography. The size of the adrenal tumors, their echogenicity and homogeneity were analyzed. Statistical analysis was conducted using the STATISTICA 10 software. Results: The following adrenal masses were assessed: 12 adenomas, 10 nodular hyperplasias of adrenal cortex, 7 myelolipomas, 3 pheochromocytomas, a hemangioma with hemorrhage and a cyst. The mean diameter of nodular hyperplasia of adrenal cortex was not statistically different from that of adenomas (p = 0.075. The possibility of differentiating between nodular hyperplasia and adenoma using the parameter of hypoechogenicity or homogeneity of the lesion was demonstrated with the sensitivity and specifi city of 100% and 41.7%, respectively. The larger the benign adrenal tumor was, the more frequently did it turn out to have a mixed and inhomogenous echogenicity (p < 0.05; ROC areas under the curve: 0.832 and 0.805, respectively. Conclusions: A variety of echogenicity patterns of benign adrenal focal lesions was demonstrated. The image of an adrenal tumor correlates with its size. The ultrasound examination, apart from its indisputable usefulness in detecting and monitoring adrenal tumors, may also allow for the differentiation between benign lesions. However, for lesions found incidentally an algorithm for the assessment of adrenal incidentalomas is applicable, which includes computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

  1. Benign mammary epithelial cells enhance the transformed phenotype of human breast cancer cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schedin Pepper J

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent research has yielded a wealth of data underscoring the key role of the cancer microenvironment, especially immune and stromal cells, in the progression of cancer and the development of metastases. However, the role of adjacent benign epithelial cells, which provide initial cell-cell contacts with cancer cells, in tumor progression has not been thoroughly examined. In this report we addressed the question whether benign MECs alter the transformed phenotype of human breast cancer cells. Methods We used both in vitro and in vivo co-cultivation approaches, whereby we mixed GFP-tagged MCF-10A cells (G2B-10A, as a model of benign mammary epithelial cells (MECs, and RFP-tagged MDA-MB-231-TIAS cells (R2-T1AS, as a model of breast cancer cells. Results The in vitro studies showed that G2B-10A cells increase the colony formation of R2-T1AS cells in both soft agar and clonogenicity assays. Conditioned media derived from G2B-10A cells enhanced colony formation of R2-T1AS cells, whereas prior paraformaldehyde (PFA fixation of G2B-10A cells abrogated this enhancement effect. Moreover, two other models of benign MECs, MCF-12A and HuMECs, also enhanced R2-T1AS colony growth in soft agar and clonogenicity assays. These data reveal that factors secreted by benign MECs are responsible for the observed enhancement of the R2-T1AS transformed phenotype. To determine whether G2B-10A cells enhance the tumorigenic growth of co-injected R2-T1AS cells in vivo, we used the nude mouse xenograft assay. Co-injecting R2-T1AS cells with G2B-10A cells ± PFA-fixation, revealed that G2B-10A cells promoted a ~3-fold increase in tumor growth, irrespective of PFA pre-treatment. These results indicate that soluble factors secreted by G2B-10A cells play a less important role in promoting R2-T1AS tumorigenesis in vivo, and that additional components are operative in the nude mouse xenograft assay. Finally, using array analysis, we found that both live and PFA

  2. Benign versus malignant lymphadenopathy : the usefulness of color doppler sonography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Yun Woo; Hong, Hyun Sook; Park, Jae Ho; Lee, Yong Il; Lee, Hae Kyung; Kwon, Kui Hyang; Choi, Deuk Lin [Soonchunhyang Univ. Hospital, Asan (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-04-01

    To evaluate the vascular pattern of lymph nodes, and the usefulness of color Doppler sonogaphy in differentiating benign from malignant superficial lymphadenopathy. Twenty-six patients were pathologically and clinically confirmed to be suffering from benign reactive lymphadenitis and tuberculosis (n=16) or lymphoma and malignant lymphadenitis (n=10). Lymph node shape was assessed by the ratio of longitudinal diameter to transverse diameter(L/T), and patients were thus assigned to one of two groups : L/T{>=}2, or L/T<2. The hilar vascular pattern of lymph node was assessed by color Doppler sonography and classified as central, eccentric, or absent. On the basis of peripheral vascularity, patients were divided into three groups according to circumferental linear vascularity. An absence of peripheral vascularity was classified as grade 0. If less than half the periphery was covered by linear vascularity, a patient was assigned to as grade I, and if more than half was covered by a vessel, the classification was grade II. Statistically significant differences in L/T ratio were noted between malignant and benign node (p<.001). Of the 16 benign reactive nodes, 13 showed L/T{>=}2, and 3 L/T<2. while in nine of the ten malignant nodes, L/T<2 was noted. Among 16 benign reactive nodes, hilar vascularity was central in 13, eccentric in one, and absent in two. Among the ten malignant nodes, the corresponding totals were nil, four, and Six. The hilar vascular pattern showed statistically significant differentiation between malignant and benign node (p<.05). Among 16 benign reactive nodes, 13 were grade 0, two were grade I, and one was grade II, while among ten malignant nodes, two were grade 0 and eight were grade I. On the basis of vascular pattern, the difference between benign and malignant nodes was statistically significant (p<.05). L/T ratio<2, absent or eccentric hilar vascularity, and the presence of peripheral vascularity are suggestive of malignant lymph node. The

  3. Magnetic resonance imaging of benign phyllodes tumors of the breast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinoshita, Takayuki; Fukutomi, Takashi; Kubochi, Kiyoshi

    2004-01-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to become a useful adjunct in breast imaging. Contrast-enhanced breast MRI has demonstrated a high sensitivity in the detection of benign and malignant breast disease. Our study aimed to correlate the dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI appearance of benign phyllodes tumor of the breast with histopathologic findings. We retrospectively reviewed the MRI findings in eight patients with benign phyllodes tumor of the breast to describe the image characteristics of this disease. The architectural features and enhancement patterns of this tumor were assessed and compared with other breast diseases. MRIs demonstrated some characteristics for large benign phyllodes tumors (more than 3 cm in size). On T(2)-weighted images, they were imaged as spotted tumors in high to iso signal intensity with cystic components or septations inside. In the time-signal intensity curve for the eight patients in our study who underwent dynamic MRI, we demonstrated two patterns of their curve: rapidly and gradually enhanced. In conclusion, MRI findings in benign phyllodes tumor include dynamic curves of gradually and rapidly enhancing types, and a low and inhomogeneous signal intensity on T(2)-weighted images compared with fibroadenoma. These findings appear to be useful for diagnosis.

  4. Couples' adjustment to breast cancer and benign breast disease: a longitudinal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northouse, L L; Templin, T; Mood, D; Oberst, M

    1998-01-01

    A comprehensive comparison of couples' adjustment to benign (n = 73 couples) and malignant breast disease (n = 58 couples) at the time of diagnosis and at two follow-up assessments at 60 days and 1 year is reported. Specific objectives were to: (a) compare the concurrent stress, resources, appraisal, and patterns of adjustment of couples in the benign and malignant groups; (b) compare the psychosocial responses of patients versus spouses; and (c) determine the amount of correspondence in levels of adjustment reported by patients and their husbands over time. Multiple instruments with reported reliability and validity were used to measure study variables: Smilkstein Stress Scale, Dyadic Adjustment Scale, Family APGAR, Social Support Questionnaire, Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Brief Symptom Inventory, and Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale. Mixed design analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to assess differences between and among couples and examine changes in study variables over time. Significant differences were found in the resources, appraisal, and patterns of adjustment reported by couples in the benign and malignant groups. Couples facing breast cancer reported greater decreases in their marital and family functioning, more uncertain appraisals, and more adjustment problems associated with the illness. In addition, there was a high degree of correspondence between the levels of adjustment reported by women with breast cancer and their husbands over time. Couples who reported high distress or a high number of role problems at diagnosis were likely to remain highly distressed at 60 days and 1 year. Study findings underscore the importance of assisting couples, not just patients, to manage the adjustment difficulties associated with breast cancer.

  5. DEVELOPMENT OF AN ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN MICROBIAL INHIBITOR TO CONTROL INTERNAL PIPELINE CORROSION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill W. Bogan; Brigid M. Lamb; Gemma Husmillo; Kristine Lowe; J. Robert Paterek; John J. Kilbane II

    2004-12-01

    The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmentally benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is to develop one or more environmentally benign (a.k.a. ''green'') products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. Various chemicals that inhibit the growth and/or the metabolism of corrosion-associated microbes such as sulfate reducing bacteria, denitrifying bacteria, and methanogenic bacteria were evaluated to determine their ability to inhibit corrosion in experiments utilizing pure and mixed bacterial cultures, and planktonic cultures as well as mature biofilms. Planktonic cultures are easier to inhibit than mature biofilms but several compounds were shown to be effective in decreasing the amount of metal corrosion. Of the compounds tested hexane extracts of Capsicum pepper plants and molybdate were the most effective inhibitors of sulfate reducing bacteria, bismuth nitrate was the most effective inhibitor of nitrate reducing bacteria, and 4-((pyridine-2-yl)methylamino)benzoic acid (PMBA) was the most effective inhibitor of methanogenic bacteria. All of these compounds were demonstrated to minimize corrosion due to MIC, at least in some circumstances. The results obtained in this project are consistent with the hypothesis that any compound that disrupts the metabolism of any of the major microbial groups present in corrosion-associated biofilms shows promise in limiting the amount/rate of corrosion. This approach of controlling MIC by controlling the metabolism of biofilms is more environmentally benign than the current approach involving the use of potent biocides, and warrants further investigation.

  6. [Management of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in first care centers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnevale, C; Muñoz-Proto, F; Rama-López, J; Ferrán-de la Cierva, L; Rodríguez-Villalba, R; Sarría-Echegaray, P; Mas-Mercant, S; Tomás-Barberán, M

    2014-01-01

    The benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common disease in the group of peripheral vertigo. It's characterized by vertiginous sensation triggered by the positional changes of the head and usually lasts less than one minute. It is most frequently seen in middle-aged patients (40-50 years old) and in up 50% of cases we do not know the cause, so we refer to them as idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Because of the high incidence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in general population, it is of utmost importance to be aware of the differential diagnosis and to be able to treat this pathology with efficacy, because in most cases we can achieve excellent results performing specific and simple maneuvers. Copyright © 2013 Sociedad Española de Médicos de Atención Primaria (SEMERGEN). Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  7. Hysterectomy—Current Methods and Alternatives for Benign Indications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michail S. Papadopoulos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Hysterectomy is the commonest gynecologic operation performed not only for malignant disease but also for many benign conditions such as fibroids, endometrial hyperplasia, adenomyosis, uterine prolapse, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. There are many approaches to hysterectomy for benign disease: abdominal hysterectomy, vaginal hysterectomy, laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH where a vaginal hysterectomy is assisted by laparoscopic procedures that do not include uterine artery ligation, total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH where the laparoscopic procedures include uterine artery ligation, and subtotal laparoscopic hysterectomy (STLH where there is no vaginal component and the uterine body is removed using a morcelator. In the last decades, many new techniques, alternative to hysterectomy with conservation of the uterus have been developed. They use modern technologies and their results are promising and in many cases comparable with hysterectomy. This paper is a review of all the existing hysterectomy techniques and the alternative methods for benign indications.

  8. Role of frozen section in surgery of benign thyroid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomaž Štupnik

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy can very reliably discriminate between benign and malignant thyroid tumors. The role of additional intraoperative frozen section to guide intraoperative management was questioned.Methods: A retrospective analysis of all thyroid resections at our department between 2000 and 2004 was performed.Results: 420 patients with benign thyroid lesions underwent surgical resections. 169 lobectomies and 251 total thyroidectomies were performed and 57 (13.5 % thyroid cancers discovered (mostly papillary carcinomas. 54 frozen sections were performed and sensitivity rate of 11.1 % and specificity rate of 97.8 % was estimated.Conclusions: Our data supports the fact that intraoperative frozen section is not sensitive enough to substantially add to preoperative fine-needle aspiration biopsy, even with more selective use. We conclude that routine use of frozen section is not cost-effective in surgery of the benign thyroid and can therefore be abandoned.

  9. Diagnosis and Treatment of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammed Dagkiran

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the cause of peripheral vertigo, which only takes seconds posed by certain head and body position and led to severe attacks of vertigo. Therefore, it is a disturbance that causes a continuous fear of fall and anxiety in some patients. Although benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common cause of peripheral vertigo, it may cause unnecessary tests, treatment costs and the loss of labor due to the result of the delay in the diagnosis and treatment stages. Diagnosis and treatment of this disease is easy. High success rates can be achieved with appropriate repositioning maneuvers after taking a detailed medical history and accurate assessment of accompanying nystagmus. The aim of this paper was to review the updated information about benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2015; 24(4.000: 555-564

  10. Single-port approach to benign gynecologic pathology. A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbonnel, M; Revaux, A; Frydman, R; Yazigi, A; Ayoubi, J M

    2015-06-01

    Laparoscopy is the gold standard in gynecological surgery. Single-port laparoscopic surgery, has been developed in order to improve minimally invasive surgery. We analyzed single-port approach in benign gynecologic pathology and made a bibliographic research on Pubmed and Medline from January 2000 to January 2015. From what emerges from the papers taken into consideration, single-port laparoscopy can be used for salpingostomy or salpingectomy to treat tubal ectopic pregnancy, benign adnexal disease (ovarian cystectomy, salpingo-oophorectomy), and for hysterectomy. We do not have enough data for complex procedures like myomectomy or hysteropexy. Robotic single-port laparoscopy seems to be a very attractive perspective and its use in benign gynecology surgery is expanding. More and more ergonomic limitations of single-port laparoscopy are corrected by development of articulated or flexible instruments and camera. Beyond these preliminary results, more ample prospective studies with an adapted and standardized instrumentation are thus essential to highlight real profits.

  11. EVELOPMENT OF AN ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN MICROBIAL INHIBITOR TO CONTROL INTERNAL PIPELINE CORROSION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bill W. Bogan; Wendy R. Sullivan; Kristine M. H. Cruz; Kristine L. Lowe; John J. Kilbane II

    2004-04-30

    The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmentally benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is to develop one or more environmentally benign (a.k.a. ''green'') products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. Previous testing of pepper extracts resulted in preliminary data indicating that some pepper extracts inhibit the growth of some corrosion-associated microorganisms. This quarter additional tests were performed to more specifically investigate the ability of three pepper extracts to inhibit the growth, and to influence the metal corrosion caused by two microbial species: Desulfovibrio vulgaris, and Comomonas denitrificans. All three pepper extracts rapidly killed Desulfovibrio vulgaris, but did not appear to inhibit Comomonas denitrificans. While corrosion rates were at control levels in experiments with Desulfovibrio vulgaris that received pepper extract, corrosion rates were increased in the presence of Comomonas denitrificans plus pepper extract. Further testing with a wider range of pure bacterial cultures, and more importantly, with mixed bacterial cultures should be performed to determine the potential effectiveness of pepper extracts to inhibit MIC.

  12. Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging characteristics of normal, benign and malignant conditions in the prostate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Visschere, Pieter J.L. de; Pattyn, Eva; Villeirs, Geert M. [Ghent University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Ghent (Belgium); Vral, Anne [Ghent University Hospital, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Ghent (Belgium); Perletti, Gianpaolo [Ghent University Hospital, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Ghent (Belgium); University of Insubria, Clinical Pharmacology, Medical and Surgical Sciences Section, Department of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, Varese (Italy); Praet, Marleen [Ghent University Hospital, Department of Pathology, Ghent (Belgium); Magri, Vittorio [Instituti Clinici di Perfezionamento, Urology Clinic, Milano (Italy)

    2017-05-15

    To identify the multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) characteristics of normal, benign and malignant conditions in the prostate. Fifty-six histopathological whole-mount radical prostatectomy specimens from ten randomly selected patients with prostate cancer (PC) were matched with corresponding transverse mpMRI slices. The mpMRI was performed prior to biopsy and consisted of T2-weighted imaging (T2-WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging (DCE) and magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI). In each prostate specimen, a wide range of histopathological conditions were observed. They showed consistent but overlapping characteristics on mpMRI. Normal glands in the transition zone showed lower signal intensity (SI) on T2-WI, lower ADC values and lower citrate peaks on MRSI as compared to the peripheral zone (PZ) due to sparser glandular elements and more prominent collagenous fibres. In the PZ, normal glands were iso-intense on T2-WI, while high SI areas represented cystic atrophy. Mimickers of well-differentiated PC on mpMRI were inflammation, adenosis, HG-PIN and post-atrophic hyperplasia. Each prostate is a unique mix of normal, benign and/or malignant areas that vary in extent and distribution resulting in very heterogeneous characteristics on mpMRI. Understanding the main concepts of this mpMRI-histopathological correlation may increase the diagnostic confidence in reporting mpMRI. (orig.)

  13. Perfusion MR imaging for differentiation of benign and malignant meningiomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Hao [University of Groningen, Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Shanghai Jiaotong University, Department of Radiology, First People' s Hospital, Shanghai (China); Roediger, Lars A.; Oudkerk, Matthijs [University of Groningen, Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Shen, Tianzhen [Fudan University, Department of Radiology, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai (China); Miao, Jingtao [Shanghai Jiaotong University, Department of Radiology, First People' s Hospital, Shanghai (China)

    2008-06-15

    Our purpose was to determine whether perfusion MR imaging can be used to differentiate benign and malignant meningiomas on the basis of the differences in perfusion of tumor parenchyma and/or peritumoral edema. A total of 33 patients with preoperative meningiomas (25 benign and 8 malignant) underwent conventional and dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion MR imaging. Maximal relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and the corresponding relative mean time to enhance (rMTE) (relative to the contralateral normal white matter) in both tumor parenchyma and peritumoral edema were measured. The independent samples t-test was used to determine whether there was a statistically significant difference in the mean rCBV and rMTE ratios between benign and malignant meningiomas. The mean maximal rCBV values of benign and malignant meningiomas were 7.16{+-}4.08 (mean{+-}SD) and 5.89{+-}3.86, respectively, in the parenchyma, and 1.05{+-}0.96 and 3.82{+-}1.39, respectively, in the peritumoral edema. The mean rMTE values were 1.16{+-}0.24 and 1.30{+-}0.32, respectively, in the parenchyma, and 0.91{+-}0.25 and 1.24{+-}0.35, respectively, in the peritumoral edema. The differences in rCBV and rMTE values between benign and malignant meningiomas were not statistically significant (P>0.05) in the parenchyma, but both were statistically significant (P<0.05) in the peritumoral edema. Perfusion MR imaging can provide useful information on meningioma vascularity which is not available from conventional MRI. Measurement of maximal rCBV and corresponding rMTE values in the peritumoral edema is useful in the preoperative differentiation between benign and malignant meningiomas. (orig.)

  14. Laryngo-onycho-cutaneous syndrome associated with familial benign hypercalcemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handley, J; Walsh, M; Carson, D; Burrows, D; Nevin, N

    1993-11-01

    A Pakistani boy had chronic ulceration of the cheeks, generalized nail dystrophy, ulceration and hypergranulation of the nail beds, conjunctiva, and vocal cords, and dental enamel hypoplasia. These features are consistent with laryngo-onycho-cutaneous (LOCS) syndrome or Laryngeal and Ocular Granulation tissue in children from the Indian subContinent (LOGIC) syndrome. Both he and his elder brother had elevated levels of serum calcium consistent with familial benign hypercalcemia. Laryngo-onycho-cutaneous syndrome is a newly recognized condition and its association with familial benign hypercalcemia has not been previously reported.

  15. Benign tumors of vulva: review and case report of achrocordon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cuauhtémoc Galeana Castillo

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The vulvovaginal region is a very complex area because of its anatomy and the fact that it can be source of a large number of benign tumors and less frequent malignant tumors. In recent decades, there have been significant gains in the diagnosis and treatment of vulvovaginal tumors, thanks to the contributions of cellular and molecular biology. The purpose of this review article is to serve as a practical reference for clinical and pathological diagnosis as well as in the outpatient treatment and monitoring of these benign tumors.

  16. Risk of Local Recurrence of Benign and Borderline Phyllodes Tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borhani-Khomani, Kaveh; Talman, Maj-Lis Møller; Kroman, Niels

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: To determine the recurrence rate of benign and borderline phyllodes tumors (PTs) of the breast, the association between the size of resection margin and risk of recurrence and the risk of progression of histological grading at recurrence. METHODS: Nationwide retrospective study on Danish...... in histological grading was found. The results do not justify wide excision margins of nonmalignant phyllodes tumors of the breast....... women aged 18 years or older, operated from 1999 to 2014, with resected benign or borderline PTs. Information on age, size of primary tumor and recurrence, histological grade, surgical treatment, margin size, and local recurrence were collected from the national Danish Pathology Register. RESULTS...

  17. Benign core biopsy of probably benign breast lesions 2 cm or larger: correlation with excisional biopsy and long-term follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyun Kyung Jung

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of benign core biopsy of probably benign breast lesions (category 3 2 cm or larger on the basis of excisional biopsy and long-term follow-up. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 146 category 3 lesions in 146 patients 2 cm or larger which were diagnosed as benign by ultrasound (US-guided core biopsy. Patients were initially diagnosed as benign at core needle biopsy and then followed up with excisional biopsy (surgical excision, n=91; US-guided vacuum assisted excision, n=35 or breast ultrasonography (n=20. Results: Of the 126 patients who underwent surgical excision or US-guided vacuum-assisted excision, 114 patients were diagnosed with benign lesions, 10 patients with borderline lesions (benign phyllodes tumor, and two patients with malignant phyllodes tumors. The probabilities of lesions being benign, borderline and malignant were 91.8% (134/146, 6.8% (10/146, and 1.4% (2/146, respectively. Of 13 patients who had growing masses on follow-up ultrasonography, three (23.1% were non-benign (two benign phyllodes tumors and one malignant phyllodes tumor. Conclusion: US-guided core needle biopsy of probably benign breast mass 2 cm or larger was accurate (98.6% enough to rule out malignancy. But, it was difficult to rule out borderline lesions even when they were diagnosed as benign.

  18. Benign core biopsy of probably benign breast lesions 2 cm or larger: correlation with excisional biopsy and long-term follow-up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Hyun Kyung; Moon, Hee Jung; Kim, Min Jung; Kim, Eun Kyung [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    To evaluate the accuracy of benign core biopsy of probably benign breast lesions (category 3) 2 cm or larger on the basis of excisional biopsy and long-term follow-up. We retrospectively reviewed 146 category 3 lesions in 146 patients 2 cm or larger which were diagnosed as benign by ultrasound (US)-guided core biopsy. Patients were initially diagnosed as benign at core needle biopsy and then followed up with excisional biopsy (surgical excision, n=91; US-guided vacuum assisted excision, n=35) or breast ultrasonography (n=20). Of the 126 patients who underwent surgical excision or US-guided vacuum-assisted excision, 114 patients were diagnosed with benign lesions, 10 patients with borderline lesions (benign phyllodes tumor), and two patients with malignant phyllodes tumors. The probabilities of lesions being benign, borderline and malignant were 91.8% (134/146), 6.8% (10/146), and 1.4% (2/146), respectively. Of 13 patients who had growing masses on follow-up ultrasonography, three (23.1%) were non-benign (two benign phyllodes tumors and one malignant phyllodes tumor). US-guided core needle biopsy of probably benign breast mass 2 cm or larger was accurate (98.6%) enough to rule out malignancy. But, it was difficult to rule out borderline lesions even when they were diagnosed as benign.

  19. Usefulness of the American urological association's benign prostate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Benign prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) is an age-related neoplastic condition of the prostate gland that is characterised by lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), in the clinical setting. A variety of factors, especially weather conditions and diet, impart on the nature of the manifestations of LUTS experienced by sufferers, ...

  20. Transvesical prostatectomy in the management of benign prostatic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mortality rate was 1%. Conclusions: TP remains useful in developing climes. There is a need to emphasize effective preoperative workup so as to limit morbidity. Emphasis on variety of techniques for hemostasis is necessary. Key words: Benign prostatic hyperplasia, management, Nigeria, transvesical prostatectomy ...

  1. Autosomal-recessive inheritance of benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Koning, T J; Sandkuijl, L A; De Schryver, J E; Hennekam, E A; Beemer, F A; Houwen, R H

    1995-01-01

    Benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC) is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of cholestasis without permanent liver damage. Familial and sporadic cases have been described. Based on existing evidence, both autosomal-recessive and autosomal-dominant inheritance have been

  2. An environmentally benign one pot synthesis of substituted ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Organic synthesis generally required large amount of solvent, avoiding the use of organic solvents in synthesis is a paradigm shift directed at developing more benign chemistry, and with ionic liquids surprisingly can lead to access to new compounds. An elegant one-pot synthesis of quinoline derivatives has been achieved ...

  3. Symptomatic Non-parasitic benign hepatic cyst: Evaluation of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HussamHassan

    open surgery in 3 cases and by laparoscopic surgery in 7 patients. The principle of both open and ... Conclusion: with proper selection of patients, laparoscopic deroofing of symptomatic, benign, solitary, non-parasitic hepatic cysts is safe, effective and offers .... pain, nausea, vomiting, or dyspnea. There may be a palpable ...

  4. [Pancoast and Tobias syndrome of benign etiology (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubert, M; Perdrix, A; Bouchet, C; Paramelle, B; Latreille, R; Barrie, J

    1980-01-01

    The authors report a case of Pancoast and Tobias syndrome due to a hydatic cyst on the apex of the left lung. This parasitosis is together with tuberculosis and least infrequent benign etiology of Pancoast and Tobias syndrome. In our observation it was a young cyst without complications as opposed to previously reported cases.

  5. [A rare and benign etiology of Pancoast-Tobias syndrome].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souabny, A; Trombati, N; Afif, H; Aichane, A; Aammal, K; Ridai, M; Bahlaoui, A; Bouayad, Z

    2003-06-01

    Although lung cancer is the leading cause of Pancoast-Tobias syndrome, benign etiologies have been rarely described in the literature. We report two cases of Pancoast-Tobias syndrome caused by hydatidosis of the apex. Outcome was favorable after surgical treatment.

  6. The appearances of benign breast diseases on ultrasound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibitoye, B O; Adetiloye, V A; Aremu, A A

    2006-01-01

    Benign breast diseases are common and Ultrasound is a very useful tool in examining benign breast diseases especially in distinguishing solid from cystic masses. This study aims to determine the sonographic pattern of benign breast diseases in a Nigerian population and to compare this pattern with that which has been previously reported in other environments. This a prospective study of Ninety-four patients with breast disease scanned between 1997 and 2001 on request from the breast clinic of the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife. A total of forty-four patients with histologicaly confirmed benign breast diseases were selected for this study. Their ultrasonographic features were evaluated and compared with those previously described. Fibroadenoma was the commonest disease, occurring in 62.2% of the patients, with a mean age of 29.1 years, an age higher than that previously reported. Other diseases which were expected to occur commonly (breast abscess, cyst) were rarely seen. While it was discovered that the sonographic pattern of most of the diseases in this study conformed to that already described in literature despite late presentation, only one sonographic appearance of galactocele, out of the three reported, was noted in this study. In addition, despite the nonspecificity of ultrasound appearances in fibrocystic disease, an attempt has been made to match these appearances with the different histological types already described in literature.

  7. Benign and malignant thyroid nodules after neck irradiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fjaelling, M.T.; Tisell, L.E.; Carlsson, S.; Hansson, G.; Lundberg, L.M.; Oden, A.

    1986-09-15

    A total of 444 persons were examined for the presence of thyroid nodules on average of 43 years after having been treated with x-rays for cervical tuberculous adenitis. Of this total, 101 subjects had undergone surgery for thyroid nodules: 25 for carcinoma (6%) and 76 for benign nodules (17%). Carcinoma occurred with the same frequency in multinodular and uninodular glands. Because of the uneven age distribution in the current series, it could not be decided whether there was a higher susceptibility of the young thyroid to the induction of thyroid carcinoma or benign nodules. The dosage range for the whole series was 0.40 to 50.90 Gy (40-5090 rad). There was a positive correlation between the absorbed radiation dose and the probability of developing benign and malignant thyroid nodules, even after doses of 20 Gy or more. The risk of developing thyroid carcinoma was equal for men and women, while the female-to-male ratio for benign nodules was 2.9:1, indicating that risk factors associated with females are of less importance in irradiated than in nonirradiated populations. The median latency for carcinoma was 40 years, suggesting that the increased risk of thyroid carcinoma after irradiation remains for the rest of the patient's life.

  8. Update in minimal invasive therapy in benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hest, P.J. van; Ancona, F.C.H. d'

    2009-01-01

    Last decade several new treatment modalities for minimal invasive therapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia have been developed, both ablative and non-ablative. In this review the authors describe the different techniques and clinical studies of bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP),

  9. Dosage assessment for radioiodine therapy in benign thyroid disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Isselt, J.W. van

    2001-01-01

    The general aim of this thesis was to investigate the value and the shortcomings of the becquerel-per-gram method for radioiodine therapy in various benign thyroid disorders. The history of this treatment form, which goes back to the late 1940s, is described in Chapter 1. Almost fifty years after

  10. Benign Occipital Epilepsies of Childhood: Clinical Features and Genetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Isabella; Berkovic, Samuel F.; Kivity, Sara; Scheffer, Ingrid E.

    2008-01-01

    The early and late benign occipital epilepsies of childhood (BOEC) are described as two discrete electro-clinical syndromes, eponymously known as Panayiotopoulos and Gastaut syndromes. Our aim was to explore the clinical features, classification and clinical genetics of these syndromes using twin and multiplex family studies to determine whether…

  11. Optical discrimination between malignant and benign breast lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quarto, Giovanna; Pifferi, Antonio; Cubeddu, Rinaldo; Ieva, Francesca; Paganoni, Anna Maria; Abbate, Francesca; Cassano, Enrico; Taroni, Paola

    2015-07-01

    Time domain multi-wavelength (635 to 1060 nm) optical mammography was performed on 82 subjects with breast lesions (45 malignant and 38 benign lesions). A perturbative approach based on the high-order calculation of the pathlength of photons inside the lesion was applied to estimate differences between lesion and average healthy tissue of the same breast in terms of: i) absorption properties, and ii) concentration of the major tissue constituents (oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin, water, lipid and collagen). The absorption difference Δμa between lesion and healthy tissue is significantly different for malignant vs. benign lesions at all wavelengths. Logistic regression fitted to the absorption data identifies 975 nm as the key wavelength to discriminate malignant from benign lesions. When the difference in tissue composition between lesion and healthy tissue is considered, malignant lesions are characterized by significantly higher collagen content than benign lesions. Also the best model for the discrimination of malignant lesions obtained applying regression logistic to tissue composition is based only on collagen. Including demographic information into the model improves its specificity.

  12. Benign intracranial hypertension after pituitary surgery for Cushing's disease.

    OpenAIRE

    Parfitt, V.J.; Dearlove, J C; Savage, D; Griffith, H. B.; Hartog, M

    1994-01-01

    An 11 year old girl underwent successful transsphenoidal pituitary adenomectomy for pituitary-dependent Cushing's syndrome. Three months after operation, just after stopping glucocorticoid replacement therapy, she developed benign intracranial hypertension. This resolved when exogenous glucocorticoids were restarted but occurred again when they were later stopped. On restarting glucocorticoids again, this second episode of intracranial hypertension resolved. This complication may have been du...

  13. Epidermal Inclusion Cyst Embedded in a Recurrent Benign Fibrous Histiocytoma

    OpenAIRE

    Mani Makhija

    2014-01-01

    Epidermal infundibular cysts have been known to arise from implantation of epidermis in the dermis or subcutaneous tissues. The present case illustrates the theory of implantation in an epidermal inclusion cyst in a previously operated case of recurrent benign fibrous histiocytoma.

  14. Epidermal inclusion cyst embedded in a recurrent benign fibrous histiocytoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mani Makhija

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Epidermal infundibular cysts have been known to arise from implantation of epidermis in the dermis or subcutaneous tissues. The present case illustrates the theory of implantation in an epidermal inclusion cyst in a previously operated case of recurrent benign fibrous histiocytoma.

  15. Epidermal Inclusion Cyst Embedded in a Recurrent Benign Fibrous Histiocytoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makhija, Mani

    2014-01-01

    Epidermal infundibular cysts have been known to arise from implantation of epidermis in the dermis or subcutaneous tissues. The present case illustrates the theory of implantation in an epidermal inclusion cyst in a previously operated case of recurrent benign fibrous histiocytoma. PMID:25284857

  16. Descriptive pattern of Benign Salivary Gland Tumours in Jos ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods: This was a descriptive study of all histotogically confirmed benign salivary gland tumours over a period of ten years. The slides were reported independently by four pathologists. Diagnosis was made and classification done according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of salivary gland tumours.

  17. Pattern of presentation and management of benign upper urinary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Upper urinary tract obstruction is a common cause of severe symptoms, recurrent urinary tract infection and deterioration or complete loss of renal function when intervention is not timely. Objective: To document the pattern of presentation and the management options for the benign upper urinary tract ...

  18. Resection of benign liver tumours: an analysis of 62 consecutive ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An elderly patient died in hospital on day 16 following a postoperative cerebrovascular accident. Conclusions: Clinically relevant symptomatic benign liver tumours comprise a substantial proportion of LRs. Our data suggest that resections can be performed safely with minimal blood loss and transfusion requirements.

  19. Drains after Thyroidectomy for Benign Thyroid Disorders; Are ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Drains after Thyroidectomy for Benign Thyroid Disorders; Are Associated With More Pain, Wound Infection and Prolonged Hospital Stay. ... The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader). If you would like more ...

  20. The clinical characteristics of benign oral mucosal tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allon, Irit; Kaplan, Ilana; Gal, Gavriel; Chaushu, Gavriel; Allon, Dror M

    2014-09-01

    To investigate the clinical characteristics and pre- biopsy provisional diagnoses of benign oral mucosal tumors. A 10- year retrospective analysis of all benign tumors of the oral mucosa, from a university- affiliated oral and maxillofacial surgery department. 146 benign tumors were included. The mean age was 49.6 years, with an approximately equal gender distribution. The most prevalent tumor types were lipomatous tumors (27.4%), vascular (23.3%), and salivary gland tumors (16.5%). Tongue, labial and buccal mucosa were the most frequently involved sites. The vast majority (98.6%) presented as non-ulcerated masses. Only 2 (1.4%) presented as ulcerated masses. The clinical provisional diagnosis correctly classified lesions as non-malignant in 93.3%. In only 9 (6.7%) suspicion of malignancy was included in the provisional diagnosis. However, benignneoplasia was unsuspected in 42.1% of tumors. These cases were clinically classified as reactive. Benign tumors were most likely to be clinically correctly classified as non-malignant, but even in the setting of experienced oral surgeons, neoplasia was unsuspected in more than 40% of cases. This data strongly supports the need to biopsy every oral mucosal mass, since inaccurate clinical evaluation of the lesion's biological nature was a frequent event.

  1. Danish gynecologists' opinion about hysterectomy on benign indication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gimbel, Helga; Ottesen, Bent; Tabor, Ann

    2002-01-01

    AIMS: To survey Danish gynecologists' recommendations concerning hysterectomy and its method for benign diseases. METHODS: A questionnaire of seven clinical cases was sent to all gynecologists in Denmark (n = 450). The gynecologists were asked to recommend one of 14 possible treatments as the mos...

  2. BENIGN LESIONS OF THE VOCAL FOLDS - HISTOPATHOLOGY AND PHONOTRAUMA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    DIKKERS, FG; NIKKELS, PGJ

    Benign lesions of the vocal folds have various appearances. Histopathologic examination might provide the true diagnosis. Therefore, histologic slides of 74 patients (92 vocal folds) with clinically well-defined diagnoses were single-blind examined by a pathologist. Single histologic features did

  3. Bilateral synchronous benign ovarian neoplasm: A rare occurrence

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    multicystic and contain sebaceous fluid, hair, teeth, bone or skin, and are bilateral in 10 - 12% of cases. Serous cystadenoma is also a benign tumour of the ovary, which is responsible ..... Epithelial ovarian cancers. In: Disala ED, Creasman WT, eds. Clinical. Gynecologic Oncology, 4th ed. Saint Louis: Mosby, 1993:333-334.

  4. Prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia in primary care, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. ... The prevalence of LUTS suggestive of BPH was 72.2% using the IPSS, and 60% had an enlarged prostate that was diagnosed through a digital rectal examination. The prevalence of bothersome ...

  5. Patient with Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy and Two Giant Stones in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Giant urinary bladder stones are very rare; very few cases have been reported in English literature and only one case from Africa. Multiple giant bladder stones are extremely rare; no single case report has been found documenting this occasion. This report presents a patient of benign prostatic hypertrophy with two giant ...

  6. Management of experimental benign prostatic hyperplasia in rats ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    103) was increased from 4.0 ± 0.2 in the DC group to 4.6 ± 0.2 in the test group. The test diet reduced the mass and secretory activity of the enlarged prostate and may act by increasing the testosterone: estradiol ratio. Key words: benign prostatic ...

  7. Benign colonic neoplasm at the site of ureterosigmoidostomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qvist, N; Kronborg, O; Hage, E

    1986-01-01

    A benign colonic polyp with epithelial dysplasia developed in a young male at the site of ureteral implantation in the sigmoid colon following ureterosigmoidostomy for urinary incontinence. Patients with ureterosigmoidostomy represent a high-risk cancer group, and a review of the literature...

  8. Successful treatment of benign lesions by bis 3- azophenyl-4 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The bis 3-azophenyl-4-hydroxy-6-methyl-pyran-2-one cobalt (II) prevents malignant conversion of chemically induced benign tumors and did not kill cancer cells but change them to normal cells. It was concluded that if the complex is given in the pre-malignant phase of tumor development, it decreases the risk of malignant ...

  9. Comparison of the pre-treatment testosterone levels in benign ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: To compare serum testosterone and prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels of patients diagnosed of prostate cancer to those with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Subjects and methods: One hundred and thirteen male patients with or without LUTS who had indication(s) for prostate biopsies were recruited.

  10. Qianliening capsule treats benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) by ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is characterized by abnormal proliferation of epithelial and stromal cells in prostatic tissue, which is closely correlated with increased expression of PCNA, CyclinD1 and CDK4. Therefore, inhibition of cell proliferation by suppressing the expression of the above genes is a promising ...

  11. Clinical evaluation of posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, successful treatment is dependent on accurate identification of the implicated canal and the form of lithiasis. Furthermore, clinicians should note that there is no place for pharmacological treatment of BPPV; unless it is to facilitate repositioning. Keywords: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, canalith repositioning ...

  12. Current status of surgery for benign disorders of the esophagus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Draaisma, Werner Adriaan

    2006-01-01

    This thesis aimed at exploring new techniques for the surgical treatment of benign disorders of the esophagus. Specifically, studies were performed on surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease and large (type II-IV) hiatal hernia. The chapters presented in this thesis involve studies that have

  13. Stereological estimation of nuclear volume in benign and atypical meningiomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, C; Schrøder, H D

    1993-01-01

    A stereological estimation of nuclear volume in benign and atypical meningiomas was made. The aim was to investigate whether this method could discriminate between these two meningeal neoplasms. The difference was significant and it was moreover seen that there was no overlap between the two grou...

  14. Drains after Thyroidectomy for Benign Thyroid Disorders; Are ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    thyroid disorders. Methodology. Study population: all consenting adult patients scheduled to undergo lobectomy or total thyroidectomy, intended for benign thyroid disorders at Kenyatta National ... a computer-developed table of random numbers. This randomization ... used to assess postoperative pain (11). The patients.

  15. Combination Drug Therapy for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    42 July 2010 • Volume 6 • The ANNALS of AFRICAN SURGERY factor in the development of symptoms of. BPH (11) and the α-adrenergic blockade is dependent on the percentage area density of the prostate smooth muscle (12). The number of these receptors increase with the prostatic size. Consequently, benign.

  16. Comparison of the pre-treatment testosterone levels in benign ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    D.E. Orakwe

    2017-01-26

    Jan 26, 2017 ... Abstract. Objectives: To compare serum testosterone and prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels of patients diagnosed of prostate cancer to those with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Subjects and methods: One hundred and thirteen male patients with or without LUTS who had indica- tion(s) for prostate ...

  17. Demographic Analysis of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo as a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    to document the demographic data of patients with BPPV regarding distribution of gender, age, associated problems, most ... Comparative analysis of average age between the two gender groups was not statistically significant (P ..... between the head‑lying side during sleep and the affected side by benign paroxysmal ...

  18. Voice in early glottic cancer compared to benign voice pathology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Gogh, C. D. L.; Mahieu, H. F.; Kuik, D. J.; Rinkel, R. N. P. M.; Langendijk, J. A.; Verdonck-de Leeuw, I. M.

    The purpose of this study is to compare (Dutch) Voice Handicap Index (VHIvumc) scores from a selected group of patients with voice problems after treatment for early glottic cancer with patients with benign voice disorders and subjects from the normal population. The study included a group of 35

  19. Congenital bladder diverticulum with benign bladder wall lesion resembling rhabdomyosarcoma

    OpenAIRE

    David K-C Mak; Ruth Wragg; Eva Macharia; Karan Parashar

    2010-01-01

    Congenital bladder diverticula in children are uncommon and rarely present with bladder outlet obstruction. We present a case highlighting an interesting association between a congenital bladder diverticulum and a benign inflammatory bladder wall lesion mimicking a rhabdomyosarcoma. Open surgery was required as different imaging modalities and cystoscopy were insufficient to exclude a malignant process.

  20. Mutations in TITF-1 are associated with benign hereditary chorea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.J. Breedveld (Guido); A. Guala (Andrea); B.A. Oostra (Ben); A.K. Percy; L.S. Dure; P. Harper; W.F.M. Arts (Willem Frans); L.P. Lazarou; H. van der Linde; B.B.A. de Vries (Bert); M. Joosse (Marijke); M.E. MacDonald; H. Krude; A. Grüters (Annette); J.W.F. van Dongen (Jeroen); C. Danesino (Cesare); P. Heutink (Peter)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractBenign hereditary chorea (BHC) (MIM 118700) is an autosomal dominant movement disorder. The early onset of symptoms (usually before the age of 5 years) and the observation that in some BHC families the symptoms tend to decrease in adulthood suggests that the disorder

  1. Mutations in TITF-1 are associated with benign hereditary chorea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Breedveld, GJ; van Dongen, JWF; Danesino, C; Guala, A; Percy, AK; Dure, LS; Harper, P; Lazarou, LP; van der Linde, H; Joosse, M; Gruters, A; MacDonald, ME; de Vries, BBA; Arts, WFM; Oostra, BA; Krude, H; Heutink, P

    2002-01-01

    Benign hereditary chorea (BHC) (MIM 118700) is an autosomal dominant movement disorder. The early onset of symptoms (usually before the age of 5 years) and the observation that in some BHC families the symptoms tend to decrease in adulthood suggests that the disorder results from a developmental

  2. Mutations in TITF-1 are associated with benign hereditary chorea.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Breedveld, G.J.; Dongen, J.W. van; Danesino, C.; Guala, A.; Percy, A.K.; Dure, L.S.; Harper, P.; Lazarou, L.P.; Linde, H. van der; Joosse, M.; Gruters, A.; MacDonald, M.E.; Vries, L.B.A. de; Arts, P.J.W.; Oostra, B.A.; Krude, H.; Heutink, P.

    2002-01-01

    Benign hereditary chorea (BHC) (MIM 118700) is an autosomal dominant movement disorder. The early onset of symptoms (usually before the age of 5 years) and the observation that in some BHC families the symptoms tend to decrease in adulthood suggests that the disorder results from a developmental

  3. gastrocolic fistula as a complication of benign gastric ulcer

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fourteen patients presenting at a surgical ward at King Edward VIII Hospital, Durban, with gastrocolic fistula as a complication of benign gastric ulcer between 1983 and 1994 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were categorised clinically into two groups. Group A patients (N = 8) underwent surgery and group B patients.

  4. High rate of benign histology in radiologically suspect renal lesions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindkvist Pedersen, Christina; Winck-Flyvholm, Lili; Dahl, Claus

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of benign renal lesions for clinically localised renal masses and the need for new diagnostic procedures to assess these lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study included patients who underwent partial or radi...

  5. Chiropractic management of a patient with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørregaard, Anette R; Lauridsen, Henrik H; Hartvigsen, Jan

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This article describes and discusses the case of a patient with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) characterized by severe vertigo with dizziness, nausea, and nystagmus, treated without the use of spinal manipulation by a doctor of chiropractic. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 46-year...

  6. The link between benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørsted, David Dynnes; Bojesen, Stig E

    2013-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer are among the most common diseases of the prostate gland and represent significant burdens for patients and health-care systems in many countries. The two diseases share traits such as hormone-dependent growth and response to antiandrogen...

  7. Metformin inhibits the proliferation of benign prostatic epithelial cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zongwei Wang

    Full Text Available Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH is the most common proliferative abnormality of the prostate affecting elderly men throughout the world. Epidemiologic studies have shown that diabetes significantly increases the risk of developing BPH, although whether anti-diabetic medications preventing the development of BPH remains to be defined. We have previously found that stromally expressed insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1 promotes benign prostatic epithelial cell proliferation through paracrine mechanisms. Here, we seek to understand if metformin, a first line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, inhibits the proliferation of benign prostatic epithelial cells through reducing the expression of IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R and regulating cell cycle.BPE cell lines BPH-1 and P69, murine fibroblasts3T3 and primary human prostatic fibroblasts were cultured and tested in this study. Cell proliferation and the cell cycle were analyzed by MTS assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The expression of IGF-1R was determined by western-blot and immunocytochemistry. The level of IGF-1 secretion in culture medium was measured by ELISA.Metformin (0.5-10mM, 6-48h significantly inhibited the proliferation of BPH-1 and P69 cells in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. Treatment with metformin for 24 hours lowered the G2/M cell population by 43.24% in P69 cells and 24.22% in BPH-1 cells. On the other hand, IGF-1 (100ng/mL, 24h stimulated the cell proliferation (increased by 28.81% in P69 cells and 20.95% in BPH-1 cells and significantly enhanced the expression of IGF-1R in benign prostatic epithelial cells. Metformin (5mM abrogated the proliferation of benign prostatic epithelial cells induced by IGF-1. In 3T3 cells, the secretion of IGF-1 was significantly inhibited by metformin from 574.31pg/ml to 197.61pg/ml. The conditioned media of 3T3 cells and human prostatic fibroblasts promoted the proliferation of epithelial cells and the expression of IGF-1R

  8. Benign paediatric mandibular tumours: experience in reconstruction using vascularised fibula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashid, Mamoon; Tamimy, Muhammad Sarmad; Ehtesham-Ul-Haq; Sarwar, Saad Ur Rahman; Rizvi, Syed Taokeer Ahmed

    2012-12-01

    The majority of the paediatric oral and maxillofacial tumours are benign and the mandible is involved in one-third of these cases. A review of the literature reveals only a handful of studies pertaining exclusively to benign paediatric mandibular tumours. The basis of this study was to fulfil the need to assess the suitability of major mandibular reconstructions using a vascularised fibular graft in cases of benign tumours in children. From April 1999 to April 2011 we have managed 18 cases of benign paediatric mandibular tumours. All the reconstructions were done using vascularised fibular graft. The age of these patients ranged from 8 to 16 years. The most common pathology seen in our series was Ameloblastoma, followed by Giant Cell Granuloma and vascular malformation. Other cases included fibrous dysplasia, aneurysmal bone cyst and odontogenic myxoma. Five of these were recurrent lesions. The mean length of the fibula harvested was 12 ± 2 cm. All the flaps in this series survived. Bone union occurred in all cases by 6 weeks. All the patients have maintained a satisfactory chin contour of the mandible during the follow-up period with minimal distortion occurring secondary to contralateral native mandibular growth in two cases. We conclude that, for benign paediatric mandibular tumours requiring major bone resection, the vascularised fibula is an excellent reconstructive option with the advantages of having a good bone stock, possibility for osteotomy, long pedicle length and potential for growth along with the possibility of dental rehabilitation. Copyright © 2012 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Risk factors for developing endometrial cancer after benign endometrial sampling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Michelle L; Weaver, Amy L; Kumar, Sanjeev; Uccella, Stefano; Famuyide, Abimbola O; Cliby, William A; Dowdy, Sean C; Gostout, Bobbie S; Mariani, Andrea

    2012-11-01

    To identify risk factors for endometrial cancer after benign results of endometrial biopsy or dilation and curettage (D&C). Nested case-control study from Rochester Epidemiology Project data. Among 370 Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents who received an endometrial cancer diagnosis between 1970 and 2008, we identified 90 patients (24.5%) who had previous benign endometrial biopsy or D&C results (no atypical hyperplasia). We compared them with 172 matched control group participants who had benign endometrial biopsy or D&C results without subsequent endometrial cancer. Using a multivariable conditional logistic regression model, we found that oral contraceptive pill (OCP) use was protective (odds ratio [OR] 0.18, 95% CI [CI] 0.08-0.45; Pmorbid obesity (OR 3.40, 95% CI 1.18-9.78; Prisk factor, presence of one and two or more risk factors increased the risk of endometrial cancer by 8.12 (95% CI 3.08-21.44) and 17.87 (95% CI 5.57-57.39) times, respectively. Assuming a 2.6% lifetime risk of endometrial cancer, ORs of 8.12 and 17.87 for one and two or more of the four aforementioned risk factors confer a lifetime risk of approximately 18% and 32%, respectively. One fourth of patients with endometrial cancer had previous benign endometrial biopsy or D&C results. Personal history of colorectal cancer, presence of endometrial polyps, and morbid obesity are the strongest risk factors for having endometrial cancer after a benign endometrial biopsy or D&C result, and OCP use is the strongest protective factor. II.

  10. Lamina propria of the mucosa of benign lesions of the vocal folds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dikkers, FG; Nikkels, PGJ

    1999-01-01

    Objective/Hypothesis: To demonstrate a correlation between the duration and specific pattern of trauma of benign lesions of the vocal folds and their histopathologic appearance, Benign lesions of the vocal folds have various macroscopic appearances. Investigations demonstrate characteristic

  11. The Pattern of Benign Breast Diseases in Rural Hospital in India ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . Up to 30% of women suffer from benign breast diseases and requiring treatment at some time in their lives. Benign breast diseases are 5 to 10 times more common than breast cancer. Until recently benign disorders of the breast has been ...

  12. Pictorial essay of radiological features of benign intrathoracic masses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suut, Syahminan; Al-Ani, Zeid; Allen, Carolyn; Rajiah, Prabhakar; Durr-E-Sabih; Al-Harbi, Abdullah; Al-Jahdali, Hamdan; Khan, Ali Nawaz

    2015-01-01

    With increased exposure of patients to routine imaging, incidental benign intrathoracic masses are frequently recognized. Most have classical imaging features, which are pathognomonic for their benignity. The aim of this pictorial review is to educate the reader of radiological features of several types of intrathoracic masses. The masses are categorized based on their location/origin and are grouped into parenchymal, pleural, mediastinal, or bronchial. Thoracic wall masses that invade the thorax such as neurofibromas and lipomas are included as they may mimic intrathoracic masses. All examples are illustrated and include pulmonary hamartoma, pleural fibroma, sarcoidosis, bronchial carcinoid, and bronchoceles together with a variety of mediastinal cysts on plain radiographs, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Sometimes a multimodality approach would be needed to confirm the diagnosis in atypical cases. The study would include the incorporation of radionuclide studies and relevant discussion in a multidisciplinary setting.

  13. Bioacoustics response of small benign or malignant nodules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavriloaia, Gheorghe V; Gavriloaia, Mariuca-Roxana G; Novac, Marian L

    2011-01-01

    One of the most important features of separation between benign or malignant tissues is their smooth or rough shape. This article presents a new method for early diagnosis of thyroid cancer by knowing the resonance frequencies of a certain tissue. Two types of nodules were investigated: spherical and elliptical. Their external surfaces were smooth or rough with different values of spicules. Propagation of sound through the human body was modeled by a classical partial differential equation associated with Neumann or Dirichlet boundary conditions. The assessments of about ten acoustic eigenfrequencies are enough to decide the type of external surfaces: smooth or rough, or whether nodule is benign or malignant. Data obtained by this method refers to the result of investigating 3D bodies smaller than 5 mm, when other medical devices such as ultrasound or CT cannot evaluate their surface shape because of their limited spatial resolution.

  14. True Cervicothoracic Meningocele: A Rare and Benign Condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pessoa, Bruno L.; Lima, Yara

    2015-01-01

    Cervical meningoceles are rare spinal dysraphism, accounting for approximately 7% of all cystic spinal dysraphism. In spite of the rarity, the clinical course is most of the times benign. The surgical treatment includes resection of the lesion and untethering, when presented. We present a 14-day-old female child with true meningoceles who underwent to surgical excision and dura-mater repair. Retrospect analysis of the literature concerning true cervical meningocele is performed. By reporting this illustrative case, we focus on its classification and its differentiation from other types of cervical spinal dysraphism, such as myelocystocele and myelomeningocele. Although its course is benign, it is mandatory a continuum follow up with periodic magnetic resonance imaging of spinal cord, since late neurological deterioration has been described. PMID:26788266

  15. Consideration of Drug Therapy in Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Diamantis

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH has become a major global health problem both in its frequency by which it determines the complications and the problems of diagnosis and treatment it requires. BPH is a heterogeneous disease. The symptoms attributed to BPH may have other coexisting causes and growth factors both androgen-dependent and independent, which promotes prostate enlargement. It is well known that prostate size correlates poorly with the symptoms so that reducing prostate using 5-alphareductase or alphablocants inhibitors may not always be sufficient. A better understanding of the pathophysiology of BPH and its interactions with other drugs will help the development of new substances with a better efficiency. This present work aims to be a modest contribution related to medical treatment in benign prostatic hyperplasia and the role that the generalist practitioner should play in managing of this urinary disease quite common in elderly men.

  16. An Infant with Benign Isolated Abducens Palsy After Vaccination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celebi Kocaoglu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Benign isolated abducens palsy is a self-improving clinical entity characterized by esotropia and diplopia led by the deficiency of abduction, and accompanied by no other neurological findings. The entity may occur after experiencing minor fever episodes, viral infection. The pathophysiological mechanism of cellular injury remains unclear. Hypotheses involve damage arising from autoimmune mediation or direct viral invasion causing demyelination, localized arteritis or genetic predisposition, which could increase susceptibility to such nerve palsies. Diagnosed with benign isolated abducens palsy, a 19-month-old girl infant admitted to our outpatient clinic with an acute onset of esotropia in the right eye developing two weeks after the vaccination of diphtheria, acellular pertussis, tetanus, inactivated polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (DTPa-IP-Hib was presented in this report.

  17. [Benign postural vertigo and nystagmus of the horizontal semicircular canal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waespe, W

    1997-02-22

    Benign paroxysmal vertigo and nystagmus are induced not only by the posterior but also by the horizontal semicircular canal. Benign positional nystagmus of the horizontal canal is more often observed than was previously thought. In 10 patients we analyzed the characteristics and the variability of nystagmus which accompanies positional vertigo of the horizontal canal. There are two forms of nystagmus: primary-geotropic, most often paroxysmal nystagmus (7 patients), and primary-apogeotropic, non-paroxysmal nystagmus (3 patients). Interestingly, in 2 patients with the primary-apogeotropic form the nystagmus converted during the examination into the primary-geotropic form. The reverse was not observed. We discuss the possible pathophysiological mechanisms which could be relevant for provoking manoeuvres.

  18. Bone marrow oedema associated with benign and malignant bone tumours

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James, S.L.J. [Department of Radiology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham, B31 2AP (United Kingdom)], E-mail: steven.james@roh.nhs.uk; Panicek, D.M. [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021 (United States); Davies, A.M. [Department of Radiology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham, B31 2AP (United Kingdom)

    2008-07-15

    Bone marrow oedema is associated with a wide variety of pathological processes including both benign and malignant bone tumours. This imaging finding in relation to intraosseous tumours can aid in providing a more focused differential diagnosis. In this review, we will discuss the MR imaging of bone marrow oedema surrounding intraosseous neoplasms. The different pulse sequences used in differentiating underlying tumour from surrounding oedema are discussed along with the role of dynamic contrast enhanced MRI. Benign lesions commonly associated with bone marrow oedema include osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, chondroblastoma and Langerhan's cell histiocytosis. Metastases and malignant primary bone tumours such as osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma and chondrosarcoma may also be surrounded by bone marrow oedema. The imaging findings of these conditions are reviewed and illustrated. Finally, the importance of bone marrow oedema in assessment of post chemotherapeutic response is addressed.

  19. Pictorial essay of radiological features of benign intrathoracic masses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syahminan Suut

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available With increased exposure of patients to routine imaging, incidental benign intrathoracic masses are frequently recognized. Most have classical imaging features, which are pathognomonic for their benignity. The aim of this pictorial review is to educate the reader of radiological features of several types of intrathoracic masses. The masses are categorized based on their location/origin and are grouped into parenchymal, pleural, mediastinal, or bronchial. Thoracic wall masses that invade the thorax such as neurofibromas and lipomas are included as they may mimic intrathoracic masses. All examples are illustrated and include pulmonary hamartoma, pleural fibroma, sarcoidosis, bronchial carcinoid, and bronchoceles together with a variety of mediastinal cysts on plain radiographs, computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. Sometimes a multimodality approach would be needed to confirm the diagnosis in atypical cases. The study would include the incorporation of radionuclide studies and relevant discussion in a multidisciplinary setting.

  20. True Cervicothoracic Meningocele: A Rare and Benign Condition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pessoa, Bruno L; Lima, Yara; Orsini, Marco

    2015-12-29

    Cervical meningoceles are rare spinal dysraphism, accounting for approximately 7% of all cystic spinal dysraphism. In spite of the rarity, the clinical course is most of the times benign. The surgical treatment includes resection of the lesion and untethering, when presented. We present a 14-day-old female child with true meningoceles who underwent to surgical excision and dura-mater repair. Retrospect analysis of the literature concerning true cervical meningocele is performed. By reporting this illustrative case, we focus on its classification and its differentiation from other types of cervical spinal dysraphism, such as myelocystocele and myelomeningocele. Although its course is benign, it is mandatory a continuum follow up with periodic magnetic resonance imaging of spinal cord, since late neurological deterioration has been described.

  1. True cervicothoracic meningocele: a rare and benign condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno L. Pessoa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Cervical meningoceles are rare spinal dysraphism, accounting for approximately 7% of all cystic spinal dysraphism. In spite of the rarity, the clinical course is most of the times benign. The surgical treatment includes resection of the lesion and untethering, when presented. We present a 14-day-old female child with true meningoceles who underwent to surgical excision and dura-mater repair. Retrospect analysis of the literature concerning true cervical meningocele is performed. By reporting this illustrative case, we focus on its classification and its differentiation from other types of cervical spinal dysraphism, such as myelocystocele and myelomeningocele. Although its course is benign, it is mandatory a continuum follow up with periodic magnetic resonance imaging of spinal cord, since late neurological deterioration has been described.

  2. Benign "setting sun" phenomenon in full-term infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshikawa, Hideto

    2003-06-01

    I report two normally developed infants showing benign" setting sun" phenomenon. A 2(2-12)-year-old boy and a 7-year-old boy, who were born without any complications at full term, developed brief episodes of downward gazing during sucking and crying after birth However, there were no other clinical or laboratory findings, and they developed normally. The phenomenon was not visible until 6 months and 7 months, respectively. The "setting sun" phenomenon usually indicates underlying severe brain damage and can also be seen, although rarely, in healthy full-term infants until 1 to 5 months. However, the benign "setting sun" phenomenon might exist until 6 or 7 months of age in normal infants.

  3. Malondialdehyde in benign prostate hypertrophy: a useful marker?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosaria Alba Merendino

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH is the most common benign tumor in men due to obstruction of the urethra and, finally, uremia. Malondialdehyde (MDA is a product derived from peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and related esters. Evaluation of MDA in serum represents a non-invasive biomarker of oxidative stress. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA is a sensitive marker for prostatic hypertrophy and cancer. We analyzed MDA serum levels to evaluate the oxidative stress in BPH. To this end, 22 BPH patients and 22 healthy donors were enrolled. Data show an increase of MDA level in BPH patients and a positive correlation between PSA and MDA levels. In conclusion, we describe a previously unknown relationship between PSA and MDA as an index of inflammation and oxidative stress in BPH.

  4. Prostaglandin F2 alpha in benign and malignant breast tumours.

    OpenAIRE

    Vergote, I.B.; Laekeman, G. M.; Keersmaekers, G. H.; Uyttenbroeck, F L; Vanderheyden, J S; Albertyn, G. P.; Haensch, C. F.; De Roy, G. J.; Herman, A.G.

    1985-01-01

    Prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) was determined by radioimmunoassay in 57 breast carcinomata, 16 fibroadenomata, and 33 sclero-cystic-disease (SCD) specimens. In 41 cases of carcinoma and 10 cases of fibroadenoma, histologically non-malignant tissue was also obtained from the same breast. PGF2 alpha levels were significantly elevated in breast cancer when compared with the normal tissues and benign diseases (P less than 0.005 for each group). High PGF2 alpha levels were positively correlat...

  5. [Diagnosis and treatment of benign paroxysmal postural vertigo].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal'chun, V T; Kunel'skaia, N L; Rotermel', E V

    2007-01-01

    The article describes pathogenetic aspects, clinical picture, principal diagnostic methods and treatment of patients with benign paroxysmal postural vertigo (BPPV). The evidence obtained at examination of 148 patients with complaints for vertigo episodes is provided. The group of 29 patients with a positive Dix-Holpike test was analysed. BPPV onset correlated with age, gender, prevalence of the pathological process location on the right, presence of labyrinthine hydropse.

  6. Benign prostatic hyperplasia: An overview of existing treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Neelima Dhingra; Deepak Bhagwat

    2011-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common condition in aging men, associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). A better understanding of the prostate physiology, function, and pathogenesis has led to the development of promising agents, useful in the management of LUTS in men. The specific approach used to treat BPH depends upon number of factors like age, prostrate size, weight, prostate-specific antigen level, and severity of the symptoms. 5α-reductase inhibitors decreas...

  7. A Clinico-Pathological Study on Benign Breast Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangma, Mima B. Maychet; Panda, Kishori; Dasiah, Simon

    2013-01-01

    Background: To study the patterns of clinically benign breast disease in females and to co-relate them with the pathological findings. Methods: One hundred females who attended the Surgery Outpatients Department in Indira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Pondicherry, with various forms of benign breast diseases during the period from October 2011 to September 2012, were studied. Early diagnoses by doing a triple assessment like a clinical examination, FNAC or a core needle biopsy and imaging methods like ultrasonography or mammography, were made within 72 hrs from the first consultation. The clinical diagnoses were compared with the cytological or histological findings wherever possible and their accuracies were evaluated. Results: Out of the 100 female patients who were studied, 87 patients who presented with breast lumps and fibroadenoma, accounted for 48% of the cases, which was the highest number of patients. Fibrocystic changes and breast abscesses came next with 18% and 12% cases respectively. We detected 3 cases of proliferative disease with atypia and one case with florid hyperplasia, which had high and low risk factors respectively, for developing invasive carcinoma. The oldest lady of the group who was clinically diagnosed to have benign disease, was detected to have invasive ductal carcinoma. They were treated in our hospital and were advised follow up. Conclusion: Benign breast diseases are common in female patients and fibroadenoma is the commonest of them all. Triple assessment provided a quick diagnosis and it alleviated unnecessary anxiety from the patients about breast cancer. The clinical diagnosis of a breast lump, as confirmed by cytology and histology, was accurate in 91.95 % of the cases. PMID:23634406

  8. PLASMINOGEN AND ANGIOSTATIN LEVELS IN FEMALE BENIGN BREAST LESIONS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tykhomyrov, A A; Vovchuk, I L; Grinenko, T V

    2015-01-01

    It is known that benign breast tissue exhibit relatively low angiogenic capacity. Activation of angiogenesis in mammary pre-malignant lesions could be associated with disease progression and high risk of transformation into the breast cancer. However, insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in angiogenesis regulation in non-cancerous breast pathologies is still poorly defined. The purpose of the present study was to determine levels of plasminogen and its proteolytic fragments (angiostatins) in mammary dysplasia (mastopathy and breast cyst) and benign neoplasms (fibroadenomas). Plasminogen and angiostatins were analyzed using immunoblotting and quantified by densitometric scanning. The significant increase in plasminogen levels was found in fibrocystic, cysts, and non-proliferatious fibroadenoma masses (4.7-, 3.7-, and 3.5-fold, respectively) compared to healthy breast tissues (control). In the same benign lesions, 6.7-, 4-, and 3.7-fold increase in plasminogen 50 kDa fragment (angiostatin) levels as compared with control were also observed. Activation of matrix metalloproteinase-9, which was detected using gelatine zymography, could be responsible for plasminogen cleavage and abundance of angiostatin infibrocystic and cyst masses. In contrast, dramatic decrease of both plasminogen and angiostatin levels (3.8- and 5.3-folds, respectively) was shown in tissues of proliferatious form of fibroadenoma in comparison with that of the dormant type of this neoplasm. Based on the obtained results, we concluded that angiostatin, a potent vessel growth inhibitor and anti-inflammatory molecule, can play a crucial role in pathophysiology of non-cancerous breast diseases. Further studies are needed to evaluate potential diagnostic and clinical implications of these proteins for prediction and therapy of benign breast pathologies.

  9. Serenoa repens extract in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia

    OpenAIRE

    Geavlete, Petrisor; Multescu, Razvan; Geavlete, Bogdan

    2011-01-01

    We are experiencing a revival of interest in phytotherapeutic agents, both in Europe and North America, especially as a consequence of patients’ dissatisfaction with the adverse effects of the medical alternatives. One of the most frequently prescribed and studied such agents is Serenoa repens extract, derived from the berry of the dwarf palm tree. We aimed to review the most important published data regarding this type of treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia. A review of the existing a...

  10. Plasminogen and angiostatin levels in female benign breast lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Tykhomyrov

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available It is known that benign breast tissue exhibit relatively low angiogenic capacity. Activation of angiogenesis in mammary pre-malignant lesions could be associated with disease progression and high risk of transformation into the breast cancer. However, insight into the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in angiogenesis regulation in non-cancerous breast pathologies is still poorly defined. The purpose of the present study was to determine levels of plasminogen and its proteolytic fragments (angiostatins in mammary dysplasia (mastopathy and breast cyst and benign neoplasms (fibroadenomas. Plasminogen and angiostatins were analyzed using immunoblotting and quantified by densitometric scanning. The significant increase in plasminogen levels was found in fibrocystic, cysts, and non-proliferatious fibroadenoma masses (4.7-, 3.7-, and 3.5-fold, respectively compared to healthy breast tissues (control. In the same benign lesions, 6.7-, 4-, and 3.7-fold increase in plasminogen 50 kDa fragment (angiostatin levels as compared with control were also observed. Activation of matrix metalloproteinase-9, which was detected using gelatine zymography, could be responsible for plasminogen cleavage and abundance of angiostatin in fibrocystic and cyst masses. In contrast, dramatic decrease of both plasminogen and angiostatin levels (3.8- and 5.3-folds, respectively was shown in tissues of proliferatious form of fibroadenoma in comparison with that of the dormant type of this neoplasm. Based on the obtained results, we concluded that angiostatin, a potent vessel growth inhibitor and anti-inflammatory molecule, can play a crucial role in pathophysiology of non-cancerous breast diseases. Further studies are needed to evaluate potential diagnostic and clinical implications of these proteins for prediction and therapy of benign breast pathologies.

  11. Bronchoscopic management of a rare benign endobronchial tumor

    OpenAIRE

    K. Madan; R. Agarwal; A. Bal; D. Gupta

    2012-01-01

    Benign endobronchial tumors are uncommon. Bronchoscopic removal is the preferred modality of treatment although surgery may be required in some cases. Rigid bronchoscopy is usually recommended in the management of these tumors. However, flexible bronchoscopy is also used in many centers. We present a case of endobronchial lipoma, where an unusual complication during flexible bronchoscopic resection using snare forceps necessitated urgent rigid bronchoscopy. This case highlights the importance...

  12. [Resection of macrosis benign parapharyngeal neoplasms via oral approach].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shuhua; Shi, Hongjin; Wu, Dahai

    2014-10-01

    To explore investigate the feasibility of transoral removal of macrosis benign neoplasms in parapharyngeal space. Sixteen patients with well-defined macrosis benign parapharyngeal space tumors treated by surgery from January 2005 to December 2012 were enrolled in this study. All patients were assessed by CT scan, MRI and CT angiography before surgery. Surgery for the tumors with complete peplos, locating at medial side of carotid and accessible from the oropharynx was completed with the assistance of endoscope, bipolar electrocoagulation or radiofrequency ablation system. All neoplasms were removed by transoral approach. Tracheotomy was performed in 4 cases. All patients were treated successfully with good postoperative recovery and no significant complications. Postoperative pathological examination showed there were 9 cases of pleomorphic adenoma, 5 cases of neurilemmoma and 2 cases of neurofibroma. By the follows-up of 1-8 years (median 31 months), among 16 cases only one case of neurofibroma recurred. The transoral removal of macrosis benign neoplasms in parapharyngeal space is safe, manimally invasive and feasible in selected cases, with a high local control rate and a low surgical complication rate.

  13. Surgical treatment of benign nodular goiter; report of 72 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ediz YORGANCILAR

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Surgical resection is usually prefered for the treatment of benign nodular goiter. But the extention of thyroidectomy in the surgical management of benign nodular goiter still remains controversial. Seventytwo patients underwent thyroid surgery between April 2002- July2007 in Kızıltepe State Hospital Otorhinolaryngology Service. Of the patients 63 were women (%87.5, 9 were man (%12.5. The range of age was between 15-62 years and mean age was 36,5. Thirtynine patients had unilateral total lobectomy+ istmusectomy (%54.2, 11 patients had unilateral lobectomy+ isthmusectomy+contralateral subtotal lobectomy (Dunhill Procedure (%15.3, 20 patients had nearly total thyroidectomy (%27.8, 2 patients had total thyroidectomy (% 2.7. Three patients had seroma (%4.1, 2 patients had hemorrhage requiring operative hemostasis (%2.7, 1 patient had suture reaction(%1.3. Patients have not had permanent or temporary nervus laryngeus recurrens injury, hypoparathyroidism and infection.As a result more extent surgical resections must be preferred by the surgeon for the treatment of benign nodular goiter. The preferable surgical treatment of solitary nodules is lobectomy+isthmusectomy. The multinodular goiter must be treated with unilateral lobectomy+ isthmusectomy+contralateral subtotal lobectomy (Dunhill procedure when the remnant thyroid tissue is normal; otherwise nearly total or total thyroidectomy is preferable.

  14. Fluorescence spectra of benign and malignant prostate tissues

    Science.gov (United States)

    AlSalhi, M. S.; Masilamani, V.; Atif, M.; Farhat, K.; Rabah, D.; Turki, M. R. Al

    2012-09-01

    In this study, fluorescence emission spectrum (FES), Stokes' shift spectrum (SSS), and reflectance spectrum (RS) of benign (N = 12) and malignant prostate tissues (N = 8) were investigated to discriminate the two types of tissues. The FES was done with the excitation at 325 nm only; SSS with Δλ = 70 and Δλ = 0, the latter being equivalent to reflectance spectra. Of the three modes of spectra, SSS with Δλ = 70 nm showed the best discrimination. There were four important bands, one at 280 nm (due to tryptophan); 320 nm (due to elastin & tryptophan); 355 and 385 (due to NADH) and 440 nm (due to flavin). From the relative intensities of these bands, three ratios were evaluated. Similarly another two ratios were obtained from reflectance spectra and one more from FES. Thus, there are 6 ratio parameters which represent the relative concentration of tryptophan, elastin, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), and flavin. A statistical analysis showed that benign and malignant tissues could be classified with accuracy greater than 90%. This report is only for in vitro analysis; but employing optical fiber, this can be extended to in vivo analysis too, so that benign tumor could be distinguished without surgery.

  15. Glad to be sad, and other examples of benign masochism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Rozin

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available We provide systematic evidence for the range and importance of hedonic reversals as a major source of pleasure, and incorporate these findings into the theory of benign masochism. Twenty-nine different initially aversive activities are shown to produce pleasure (hedonic reversals in substantial numbers of individuals from both college student and Mechanical Turk samples. Hedonic reversals group, by factor analysis, into sadness, oral irritation, fear, physical activity/exhaustion, pain, strong alcohol-related tastes, bitter tastes, and disgust. Liking for sad experiences (music, novels, movies, paintings forms a coherent entity, and is related to enjoyment of crying in response to sad movies. For fear and oral irritation, individuals also enjoy the body's defensive reactions. Enjoyment of sadness is higher in females across domains. We explain these findings in terms of benign masochism, enjoyment of negative bodily reactions and feelings in the context of feeling safe, or pleasure at ``mind over body''. In accordance with benign masochism, for many people, the favored level of initially negative experiences is just below the level that cannot be tolerated.

  16. Testosterone levels in benign prostatic hypertrophy and prostate cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mearini, Luigi; Costantini, Elisabetta; Zucchi, Alessandro; Mearini, Ettore; Bini, Vittorio; Cottini, Emanuele; Porena, Massimo

    2008-01-01

    Although hormones play fundamental roles in prostate growth, their clinical significance is not completely clear. In the present study we assessed whether serum hormone levels are markers of prostate disease. In 128 patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy or prostate cancer, testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and prolactin levels were correlated with disease. In patients with prostate cancer, the hormone levels were also correlated with prognostic factors. Predictive values were assessed for prostate-specific antigen and testosterone levels only, using multiple logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic curves. The testosterone concentrations were significantly lower in patients with prostate cancer than in those with benign prostatic hypertrophy and were also significantly lower in patients with advanced-stage disease than in patients with organ-confined disease. Testosterone appears to be an independent predictor of disease and enhances the predictive accuracy for benign prostatic hypertrophy and prostate cancer. This study supports experimental findings that prostate cancer is frequently associated with low testosterone concentrations. In the diagnostic workup for prostate cancer, associating prostate-specific antigen and testosterone levels may improve the predictive accuracy of prostate disease tests.

  17. The frequency of benign prostate hypertrophy in Calabar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umezurike, B I; Ekanem, T B; Eluwa, M A; Etta, K K; Udo-Affah, G A; Aligwekwe, A U

    2006-09-01

    The present study was to find out through histopathological records the most frequently occurring disease of the prostate from suspected prostate diseases in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. A total number of 324 cases of prostatic biopsies and autopsy materials recorded in the histopathology laboratory of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital (UCTH), Calabar between 1986 and 1995 were used for this study. Benign prostatic hypertrophy was observed as the major pathology among all the diseases of the prostate gland recorded in UCTH in Calabar having accounted for 76.3% (261 out of 342) while prostatic carcinoma accounted for 19% (65 out of 324), rest 4.7% (16 out of 342) were inflammatory lesions. The result indicated that benign prostatic hypertrophy occurs in men from 40 years and above. The frequency increased with age, reaching a maximum of 34.5% (90 out of 261) in the age group (70-79) years old. The people in Cross River State should be informed of the high frequency of benign prostatic hypertrophy and should be advised to seek health care promptly in suspected prostate related illness.

  18. Visual search characteristics in mammography: malignant vs benign breast masses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mello-Thoms, Claudia

    2007-03-01

    Mammography screening is the most widely utilized tool to screen for breast cancer. Radiologists read a mammogram using a two-pass strategy where the first pass is guided by salient features of the image (the so-called 'pop-out' elements), and the second pass is a systematic search. It is assumed that most breast masses that are reported by the radiologist are in fact detected during the first pass of this search strategy, and that the second pass is useful for the detection of microcalcification clusters. Furthermore, experiments in other visual domains have shown that observers are attracted faster to incongruous elements in a display than to normal (i.e., more expected) elements. In this sense, it can be argued that benign findings constitute more expected findings, because they encompass a large percentage of all abnormalities found on a mammogram. In this experiment we sought to determine whether the search for malignant masses was indeed faster than the search for benign masses. We also aimed to determine whether the observers' overall visual search behavior was different between benign and malignant cases, not only in terms of how long it took the observers to hit the location of the lesion, but also how long the observers took analyzing the case, how different the distribution of false positive responses were between the two types of cases, etc.

  19. Reflectance spectroscopy of pigmented cutaneous benign and malignant lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borisova, E.; Jeliazkova, Al.; Pavlova, E.; Troyanova, P.; Kundurdjiev, T.; Pavlova, P.; Avramov, L.

    2014-10-01

    For the DRS measurements of skin benign, dysplastic and malignant lesions in vivo we applied halogen lamp (LS-1, OceanOptics Inc, Dunedin, Fl, USA) as a continuous light source in the region of 400-900 nm, optical probe (6+1 fibers) for the delivery of illumination and diffuse reflected light from the skin investigated and microspectrometer USB4000 (OceanOptics Inc., Dunedin, Fl, USA) for a storage and display of the spectra detected. As a diffuse reflectance standard Spectralon® plate was used to calibrate the spectrometer. The reflectance spectra obtained from normal skin in identical anatomic sites of different patients have similar spectral shape features, slightly differ by the reflectance intensity at different wavelengths, depending on the particular patient' skin phototype. One could find diagnostically important spectral features, related to specific intensity changes for a given wavelength due to specific pigments appearance, slope changes by value and sign for the reflectance spectra curves in a specific spectral range, disappearance or manifestation of minima, related to hemoglobin absorption at 410-420 nm, 543, 575 nm. Based on the observed peculiarities multispectral analysis of the reflectance spectra of the different lesions was used and diagnostically specific features are found. Discrimination using the DRS data obtained between benign compound and dermal nevi (45 cases), dysplastic nevi (17 cases) and pigmented malignant melanoma (41 cases) lesions is achieved with a diagnostic accuracy of 96 % for the benign nevi vs. MM, and 90 % for the dysplastic nevi vs. MM.

  20. Pediatric melanomas often mimic benign skin lesions: A retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitkov, Mario; Chrest, Marie; Diehl, Nancy N; Heckman, Michael G; Tollefson, Megha; Jambusaria-Pahlajani, Anokhi

    2016-10-01

    Childhood melanoma can be misdiagnosed because of its rarity and atypical presentation. We sought to correlate the clinical appearance of pediatric melanomas with Breslow depth and clinical behavior, and to identify diagnostic errors made by dermatologists and nondermatologist physicians. This was a retrospective review of Mayo Clinic records of children and young adults 21 years of age or younger with a diagnosis of primary cutaneous melanoma between January 2000 and January 2015. Pediatric melanomas that mimicked benign skin lesions were more often deeper (>1 mm; odds ratio 5.48; P = .002) and had a higher T stage (odds ratio [T2, T3, or T4] 6.28; P = .001) than melanomas with a clinically malignant appearance. Of pediatric melanomas, 66% originally diagnosed as benign melanocytic lesions exhibited changes in size, shape, and color. Sample size and retrospective design are limitations. Benign-appearing pediatric skin lesions with a history of evolution, bleeding, or ulceration should raise suspicion for melanoma. Melanomas demonstrating these features are associated with a higher Breslow depth and T stage. Although biopsy of all lesions that exhibit change in children is not practical, safe, or desired, close monitoring is recommended. Copyright © 2016 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Gastropericardial fistula complicating benign gastric ulcer: case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simice, P.; Zwirewich, C.V. [Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver General Hospital, Dept. of Radiology, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    2000-08-01

    Pneumopericardium is a rare radiologic finding and is most commonly associated with esophageal ulceration or trauma. Benign ulcers of the distal esophagus are the most frequent source of non-traumatic perforation into the pericardial sac. Other etiologies include fistula formation from diseased subdiaphragmatic hollow viscera or subphrenic abscess, recent cardiac surgery, an extension of pneumomediastinum into the pericardium sac, and primary septic pericarditis from gasforming organisms. Pneumopericardium caused by the penetration of a benign gastric ulcer is a recognized but rare phenomenon. Intrathoracic gastric perforations are more commonly associated with pneumomediastium. Risk factors associated with an increased risk of penetration of gastric ulcers into the pericardium include the presence of a giant ulcer in the gastric fundus, an ulcer within a hiatus hernia, a history of hiatus hernia repair, concurrent use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Scar tissue formation at the site of previous hiatal surgery may result in the adherence of the gastric fundus or lower esophagus to the pericardium and produce a pathway for benign ulcers to erode into the pericardium.

  2. Primary malignant melanoma of uterine cervix with probable origin from benign cervical melanosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Nilanchali; Tripathi, Reva; Mala, Yedla Manikya

    2013-06-03

    We report a case of primary malignant melanoma of cervix which is a rare malignancy with only around 60 cases being reported. This patient presented with bleeding per vaginum. A large exophytic growth from cervix with black discolouration was seen. International Federation of Gynaecology and Obsterics (FIGO) staging was stage IIa. Histoimmunocytology confirmed the diagnosis of malignant melanoma of cervix. S-100 and HMB-45 are reliable markers for cervical melanomas. We attempted Wertheim's hysterectomy; but, due to extensive disease, paravescical and pararectal fossae could not be dissected and we had to perform type I hysterectomy. The patient was started on adjuvant chemotherapy with dacarbazine. Despite counselling, she refused a complete course of chemotherapy and died after 6 months. Radical surgery, chemotherapy and immunotherapy are the therapeutic modalities used. In bulky disease, neoadjuvant chemotherapy should be considered to reduce the tumour bulk and facilitate required surgery. Prognosis is poor and unpredictable.

  3. Pattern of benign ovarian cysts in Qatari women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zahra, Fatimah

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To study the age distribution, histopathological types, lateral distribution and surgical interventions performed for benign ovarian cysts in Qatari women undergoing surgical intervention for an ovarian cyst. Design: A retrospective descriptive study. Setting: Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Al-Ahli Hospital, Doha, Qatar. Patients and methods: Data were collected retrospectively from clinical records of Qatari women who underwent surgical intervention from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2015 at Al-Ahli Hospital for an ovarian or paraovarian cyst. The age distribution, frequencies and percentages were calculated for each type of ovarian cyst and the side of the ovary involved was recorded. Results were statistically analysed by IBM SPSS, version 23. Results: A total of 81 women had an ovarian or paraovarian cyst. Age ranged from 16 to 58 years. The maximum number of women were in the 21-30-year-old age group. Benign epithelial cysts were found to be most common (32; 39.5%), of which the majority were for endometriotic cysts (15; 18.5%), serous cystadenoma (13; 16%) and mucinous cystadenoma (4; 4.9%). This was followed by physiological cysts (26; 32.1%), which included corpus luteal cysts (15; 18.5%) and simple follicular cysts (11; 13.6%). The other categories of ovarian tumours were for mature cystic teratoma (14; 17.3%), benign sex cord-stromal tumours (1; 1.2%) which included stromal cell tumours (1; 1.2%), borderline ovarian tumour (1; 1.2%) and paraovarian cysts (7; 8.6%). There was bilateral ovarian involvement in 9 cases (11.1%) and unilateral involvement in 72 (88.9%). The right ovary was involved in more cases (39; 48.1%), than for the left ovary (33; 40.7%). Conclusion: Benign epithelial tumours were found to be the most common type of ovarian tumour in Qatari women. Endometriotic cysts followed by serous cystadenomas were the most common types of benign epithelial tumours. The right ovary was found to be involved in more cases than the

  4. Non-opioid pain management in benign minimally invasive hysterectomy: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanton, Emily; Lamvu, Georgine; Patanwala, Insiyyah; Barron, Kenneth I; Witzeman, Kathryn; Tu, Frank F; As-Sanie, Sawsan

    2017-06-01

    Less postoperative pain typically is associated with a minimally invasive hysterectomy compared with a laparotomy approach; however, poor pain control can still be an issue. Multiple guidelines exist for managing postoperative pain, yet most are not specialty-specific and are based on procedures that bear little relevance to a minimally invasive hysterectomy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is enough quality evidence within the benign gynecology literature to make non-opioid pain control recommendations for women who undergo a benign minimally invasive hysterectomy. We queried PubMed, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Cochrane databases using MeSH terms: "postoperative pain," "perioperative pain," "postoperative analgesia," "pain management," "pain control," "minimally invasive gynecologic surgery," and "hysterectomy." A manual examination of references from identified studies was also performed. All PubMed published studies that involved minimally invasive hysterectomies through November 9, 2016, were included. This systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Studies were restricted to benign minimally invasive hysterectomies evaluating non-opioid pharmacologic therapies. Primary outcomes included amount of postoperative analgesics consumed and postoperative pain scores. Two reviewers independently completed an in-depth evaluation of each study for characteristics and results using an established database, according to inclusion/exclusion criteria. A risk assessment was performed, and a quality rating was assigned with the use of the Cochrane Collaboration's Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. Initially 1155 studies were identified, and 24 studies met all inclusion criteria. Based on limited data of varying quality, intravenous acetaminophen, anticonvulsants and dexamethasone demonstrate opioid-sparing benefits; ketorolac shows

  5. Proton Stereotactic Radiosurgery for the Treatment of Benign Meningiomas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halasz, Lia M., E-mail: lhalasz@partners.org [Harvard Radiation Oncology Program, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Bussiere, Marc R.; Dennis, Elizabeth R.; Niemierko, Andrzej [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Chapman, Paul H. [Department of Neurosurgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Loeffler, Jay S.; Shih, Helen A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)

    2011-12-01

    Purpose: Given the excellent prognosis for patients with benign meningiomas, treatment strategies to minimize late effects are important. One strategy is proton radiation therapy (RT), which allows less integral dose to normal tissue and greater homogeneity than photon RT. Here, we report the first series of proton stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) used for the treatment of meningiomas. Methods and Materials: We identified 50 patients with 51 histologically proven or image- defined, presumed-benign meningiomas treated at our institution between 1996 and 2007. Tumors of <4 cm in diameter and located {>=}2 mm from the optic apparatus were eligible for treatment. Indications included primary treatment (n = 32), residual tumor following surgery (n = 8), and recurrent tumor following surgery (n = 10). The median dose delivered was 13 Gray radiobiologic equivalent (Gy[RBE]) (range, 10.0-15.5 Gy[RBE]) prescribed to the 90% isodose line. Results: Median follow-up was 32 months (range, 6-133 months). Magnetic resonance imaging at the most recent follow-up or time of progression revealed 33 meningiomas with stable sizes, 13 meningiomas with decreased size, and 5 meningiomas with increased size. The 3-year actuarial tumor control rate was 94% (95% confidence interval, 77%-98%). Symptoms were improved in 47% (16/ 34) of patients, unchanged in 44% (15/34) of patients, and worse in 9% (3/34) of patients. The rate of potential permanent adverse effects after SRS was 5.9% (3/51 patients). Conclusions: Proton SRS is an effective therapy for small benign meningiomas, with a potentially lower rate of long-term treatment-related morbidity. Longer follow-up is needed to assess durability of tumor control and late effects.

  6. BENIGN LESIONS OF LARYNX - A CLINICAL STUDY OF 50 CASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sridhar Reddy

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Benign Lesions of Larynx (BLL have been defined as “An abnormal mass of tissue in larynx, the growth of which exceeds and is coordinated with that of normal tissue and persists in the same excessive manner after cessation of stimuli which evoked the change.” These lesions have significant influence on vocal, social and emotional adjustments of patients. These patients present with hoarseness of voice. AIM A clinical study was undertaken at Govt. ENT Hospital, Hyderabad, for 1 year from January 2014 to December 2014. Aim of this study was to analyze age and sex distribution, symptomatology, sites of involvement, management and recurrence of benign lesions of larynx. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 50 patients were studied who were admitted in the hospital. Inclusion criteria: Patients with Hoarseness of Voice (HOV /change of voice, difficulty in breathing and swallowing, vocal fatigue, Foreign Body (FB sensation in the throat. Exclusion criteria: Malignancy of larynx and acute inflammatory conditions of larynx. RESULTS Benign lesions of larynx show male preponderance with M:F ratio of 2.12:1, with common age group between 31 to 40 years. Chronic vocal misuse was the predominant cause and more in professional voice users. The common lesion was Vocal Cord (VC polyp, followed by VC nodules and papillomas. Common side involved was right side. Majority of the patients had to undergo surgery. Majority of recurrence was seen in laryngeal papillomas (33.33%. CONCLUSION Benign lesions of larynx produce symptoms which vary from mild HOV to life threatening stridor. Early diagnosis leads to effective management. Males were more affected and maximum cases seen between 31 to 40 years. Chronic voice abuse, smoking, alcohol, frequent throat clearing and Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR/Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD are precipitating factors. Microlaryngeal Surgery (MLS, voice rest and speech therapy offer a cost effective, useful and safe

  7. BENIGN TUMORS AND TUMOR-LIKE LESIONS OF THE PANCREAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basturk, Olca; Askan, Gokce

    2017-01-01

    Synopsis The pancreas is a complex organ that may give rise to large number of neoplasms and non-neoplastic lesions. This article will focus on benign neoplasms such as serous neoplasms as well as tumor-like (pseudotumoral) lesions that may be mistaken for neoplasm not only by clinicians and radiologists, but also by pathologists. The family of pancreatic pseudotumors, by a loosely defined conception of that term, includes a variety of lesions including heterotopia, hamartoma, and lipomatous pseudohypertrophy. Autoimmue pancreatitis (covered in chronic pancreatitis chapter) and paraduodenal (“groove”) pancreatitis may also lead to pseudotumor formation. Knowledge of these entities will help in making an accurate diagnosis. PMID:27926363

  8. Acute colonic obstruction due to benign prostatic hypertrophy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Mac Giobuin, S

    2012-02-01

    A seventy two year old man presented to the Emergency Department with clinical features of colonic obstruction. Subsequent radiological investigations confirmed this impression and revealed the aetiology to be compression of the sigmoid colon against the sacrum by a massively distended urinary bladder. Chronic urinary retention due to benign prostatic hypertrophy is an extremely unusual cause of large bowel obstruction. Little in this patient\\'s clinical findings suggested this aetiology. We reviewed the literature in this area and highlight the benefits of CT scanning over contrast studies.

  9. Cellular schwannoma: a benign neoplasm sometimes overdiagnosed as sarcoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alberghini, M. [Dept. of Surgical Pathology, Rizzoli Institute, Bologna (Italy); Anatomia Patologica, Istituto Rizzoli, Bologna (Italy); Zanella, L.; Bacchini, P.; Bertoni, F. [Dept. of Surgical Pathology, Rizzoli Institute, Bologna (Italy)

    2001-06-01

    A case of cellular schwannoma originating in the left lumbar paraspinal region is described. The diagnosis was originally made on needle biopsy material. The histological examination is usually not sufficient to correctly diagnose this benign neoplasm. Bone erosion, neurological symptoms, caused by compression of the spinal roots, together with hypercellularity, pleomorphism and an occasional increase in mitotic activity, may lead to an erroneous diagnosis of malignancy. Immunohistochemistry and ultrastructural analysis are helpful in confirming the diagnosis. The recognition of this entity avoids unnecessary overtreatment of these patients. (orig.)

  10. MRI of the optic nerve in benign intracranial hypertension

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gass, A. [NMR Research Group, Institute of Neurology, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London (United Kingdom); Barker, G.J. [NMR Research Group, Institute of Neurology, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London (United Kingdom); Riordan-Eva, P. [Department of Neuro-Ophthalmology, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London (United Kingdom); MacManus, D. [NMR Research Group, Institute of Neurology, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London (United Kingdom); Sanders, M. [Department of Neuro-Ophthalmology, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London (United Kingdom); Tofts, P.S. [NMR Research Group, Institute of Neurology, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London (United Kingdom); McDonald, W.I. [NMR Research Group, Institute of Neurology, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London (United Kingdom)]|[Moorfields Eye Hospital, London (United Kingdom); Moseley, I.F. [Lysholm Department of Radiology, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London (United Kingdom)]|[Moorfields Eye Hospital, London (United Kingdom); Miller, D.H. [NMR Research Group, Institute of Neurology, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London (United Kingdom)

    1996-11-01

    We investigated the MRI appearance of the optic nerve and its cerebrospinal-fluid-containing sheath in 17 patients with benign intracranial hypertension (BIH) and 15 normal controls. Using phased-array local coils, 3-mm coronal T2-weighted fat-suppressed fast spin-echo images were obtained with an in-plane resolution of < 0.39 mm. The optic nerve and its sheath were clearly differentiated. An enlarged, elongated subarachnoid space around the optic nerve was demonstrated in patients with BIH. High-resolution MRI of the optic nerve offers additional information which may be of value for diagnosis and in planning and monitoring treatment. (orig.). With 5 figs.

  11. Balance Rehabilitation Unit (BRU™) posturography in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Silvia Roberta Gesteira; Ganança, Maurício Malavasi; Ganança, Fernando Freitas; Ganança, Cristina Freitas; Caovilla, Heloisa Helena

    2012-06-01

    Posturography has been used in the evaluation of patients with vestibular disorders. To evaluate balance control with the Balance Rehabilitation Unit (BRU™) posturography in patients with Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. Prospective case-control. A cross-sectional controlled study was carried out in 45 patients with BPPV, and a homogeneous control group consisting of 45 healthy individuals. Patients were submitted to a balance function evaluation by means of the Balance Rehabilitation Unit (BRU™) posturography. The mean values of the ellipse area and the sway velocity in a firm surface and saccadic stimulation (p = 0.060). The Balance Rehabilitation Unit (BRU™) posturography enables to identify postural control abnormalities in patients with BPPV.

  12. Transformation of benign fibroadenoma to malignant phyllodes tumor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daigle, Megan E; Tortora, Matthew; Panasiti, Ryane

    2015-01-01

    The transformation of a benign fibroadenoma into a phyllodes tumor is uncommon and unpredictable. We report the case of a 40-year-old woman with a core biopsy proven fibroadenoma that underwent transformation into a malignant phyllodes tumor after 3 years of size stability. We present ultrasound and magnetic resonance images, as well as pathology slides from core biopsy and surgical excision, to illustrate this transformation. It has been suggested that phyllodes tumors may be misdiagnosed as fibroadenomas by core biopsy. However, in this case, pathology supports correct initial diagnosis of fibroadenoma and demonstrates a portion of the original fibroadenoma along the periphery of the malignant phyllodes tumor. PMID:26331090

  13. Primary malignant esophageal melanoma arising from localized benign melanocytosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maroy, Bernard; Baylac, Francois

    2013-04-01

    A heavy drinker and smoker had a normal UGI-endoscopy in 1996. In 1999, a repeat examination disclosed distal esophageal benign melanocytosis, typical, macro- and microscopically. Endoscopic and microscopic features were stable in 2002 and 2004. In 2007, dysphagia prompted an endoscopy, which disclosed a poorly differentiated epidermoid carcinoma at 19 cm and black nodules of the cardia with a microscopy typical of malignant melanoma, uT3N1 at EUS. Radiochemotherapy led to an 8-month improvement, which did not prevent death one year after diagnosis. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  14. Benign signet ring cells in pseudomembranous colitis: a diagnostic trap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, Sunitha; Zayyani, Najah R

    2013-01-01

    A 71-year-old female patient was admitted with intractable diarrhea and abdominal distention following several courses of broad spectrum antibiotic therapy. Colonic biopsy revealed pseudomembranous colitis with foci of signet ring cell (SRC) change. The SRCs possessed bland nuclei and were confined to the basement membranes of the crypts with no infiltration into the lamina propria. Benign SRCs in pseudomembranous colitis is an uncommon phenomenon. Awareness of this rare, but potential pitfall is of utmost importance to avoid a misdiagnosis of SRC carcinoma.

  15. Environmentally Benign Tribo-systems for Metal Forming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bay, Niels; Azushima, A.; Groche, P.

    2010-01-01

    The growing awareness of environmental issues and the requirements to establish solutions diminishing the impact on working environment as well as external environment has initiated ever increasing efforts to develop new, environmentally benign tribological systems for metal forming. The present...... paper gives an overview of these efforts substituting environmentally hazardous lubricants in cold, warm and hot forging as well as sheet forming and punching/blanking by new, less harmful lubricants and furthermore describes other measures directed towards the same goal such as development of anti...

  16. Mixed plastics recycling technology

    CERN Document Server

    Hegberg, Bruce

    1995-01-01

    Presents an overview of mixed plastics recycling technology. In addition, it characterizes mixed plastics wastes and describes collection methods, costs, and markets for reprocessed plastics products.

  17. Benign monoclonal B cell lymphocytosis--a benign variant of CLL: clinical, immunologic, phenotypic, and cytogenetic studies in 20 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, T; Ozer, H; Gavigan, M; Gajera, R; Minowada, J; Bloom, M L; Sadamori, N; Sandberg, A A; Gomez, G A; Henderson, E S

    1984-07-01

    From 1951 through 1978, we have seen 20 cases of stage O chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) without disease progression for 6.5-24 years. The cohort included 7 males and 13 females, aged 48-77 years at the time of diagnosis. None presented with anemia, thrombocytopenia, or neutropenia nor developed cytopenias during follow-up. Mean total lymphocyte count in these patients was 20,100/microL, with ranges from 10,000 to 43,700 at the time of diagnosis, and was 20,600, with ranges from 1,000 to 47,200, at last follow-up. Of 12 patients studied, 8 and 4 were phenotyped as heavy chain mu delta- and mu-type, respectively, with 7 kappa- and 4 gamma-type (no light chain was detectable in one patient). Of 13 patients studied, one had a slightly elevated IgG level and two had slightly depressed serum IgA and IgM levels. All patients had positive delayed hypersensitivity responses to at least one of five skin test antigens. Each of seven patients studied for an in vitro leukocyte thymidine uptake had a low level of [3H]thymidine incorporation. Nine of 12 patients studied had elevated total T cells, and the remaining 3 had normal T cell counts. In vitro unseparated lymphocyte response to phytohemagglutinin showed normal kinetics of DNA synthesis, with a peak response on day 3 or 4 of culture in 4 and slightly or moderately depressed and/or delayed kinetics in 8 patients studied. Cytogenetic analyses by Q- or G-banding techniques of polyclonal B cell mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes in all six patients studied showed normal karyotypes. These data are consistent with a previously undescribed syndrome involving a monoclonal B cell lymphocytosis, a prolonged asymptomatic or benign clinical course, and essentially normal humoral and cellular immunity and normal karyotype. Our observations indicate that these 20 patients with stage O CLL have a benign clinical course and that they may also be designated as benign monoclonal B cell lymphocytosis ( BMBL ), a benign variant of CLL.

  18. Deep Benign Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Anterior Mediastinum Mimicking Malignancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puopolo, Angelica; Newmarch, William; Casserly, Brian

    2017-08-01

    The following report describes the case of a 43-year-old male smoker that was referred to the rapid access lung clinic with haemoptysis, chest pain, and axillary lymphadenopathy-a clinical picture that raised concern for a possible underlying malignancy. Preliminary investigations revealed elevated D-dimers, low-volume haemoptysis, and a normal chest X-ray, which lowered the index of suspicion. However, computed tomography (CT) pulmonary angiogram identified a right hilar mass, several parenchymal cysts, and a large mediastinal mass. In addition, a left-sided adrenal lesion was also discovered following CT abdomen pelvis, potentially indicating metastatic disease. Fortunately, a positron emission tomography scan failed to detect any metabolic activity in either the right hilar mass, left adrenal lesion or the anterior mediastinal mass. CT-guided biopsy identified the mediastinal mass as a low-grade spindle cell tumour. Due to its large size, the mass was surgically resected and confirmed to be a deep benign fibrous histiocytoma. The significance of this report is to highlight a clinical presentation suggestive of malignancy but actually resulting from a rare variant of a benign tumour. The constellation of regional lymphadenopathy, respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms, lung cysts, an adrenal tumour, and a mediastinal mass appeared to suggest a progressive disease pattern more commonly associated with malignancy.

  19. Synovial sarcoma mimicking benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larque, Ana B.; Nielsen, G.P.; Chebib, Ivan [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Department of Pathology, Boston, MA (United States); Bredella, Miriam A. [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

    2017-11-15

    To assess the radiographic and clinicopathologic features of synovial sarcoma of the nerve that were clinically or radiologically interpreted as benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor. Five patients with synovial sarcoma arising from the peripheral nerve and interpreted clinically and radiologically as peripheral nerve sheath tumors were identified. Clinicopathologic and imaging features were evaluated. There were three females and two males, ranging in age from 28 to 50 (mean 35.8) years. Most patients (4/5) complained of a mass, discomfort or pain. MR images demonstrated a heterogeneous, enhancing, soft tissue mass contiguous with the neurovascular bundle. On histologic examination, most tumors were monophasic synovial sarcoma (4/5). At the time of surgery, all tumors were noted to arise along or within a peripheral nerve. All patients were alive with no evidence of disease with median follow-up of 44 (range 32-237) months. For comparison, approximately 775 benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors of the extremities were identified during the same time period. Primary synovial sarcoma of the nerve can mimic peripheral nerve sheath tumors clinically and on imaging and should be included in the differential diagnosis for tumors arising from peripheral nerves. (orig.)

  20. MR features of physiologic and benign conditions of the ovary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tamai, Ken; Saga, Tsuneo; Kido, Aki; Kataoka, Masako; Umeoka, Shigeaki; Togashi, Kaori [Kyoto University, Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto (Japan); Koyama, Takashi [Kyoto University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Kyoto (Japan); Fujii, Shingo [Kyoto University, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto (Japan)

    2006-12-15

    In reproductive women, various physiologic conditions can cause morphologic changes of the ovary, resembling pathologic conditions. Benign ovarian diseases can also simulate malignancies. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can play an important role in establishing accurate diagnosis. Functional cysts should not be confused with cystic neoplasms. Corpus luteum cysts typically have a thick wall and are occasionally hemorrhagic. Multicystic lesions that may mimic cystic neoplasms include hyperreactio luteinalis, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Recognition of clinical settings can help establish diagnosis. In endometrial cysts, MRI usually provides specific diagnosis; however, decidual change during pregnancy should not be confused with secondary neoplasm. Peritoneal inclusion cysts can be distinguished from cystic neoplasms by recognition of their characteristic configurations. Ovarian torsion and massive ovarian edema may mimic solid malignant tumors. Recognition of normal follicles and anatomic structures is useful in diagnosing these conditions. In pelvic inflammatory diseases, transfascial spread of the lesion should not be confused with invasive malignant tumors. Radiologic identification of abscess formation can be a diagnostic clue. Many benign tumors, including teratoma, Brenner tumor, and sex-cord stromal tumor, frequently show characteristic MRI features. Knowledge of MRI features of these conditions is essential in establishing accurate diagnosis and determining appropriate treatment. (orig.)

  1. The management of benign non-infective pleural effusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver J. Bintcliffe

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The evidence base concerning the management of benign pleural effusions has lagged behind that of malignant pleural effusions in which recent randomised trials are now informing current clinical practice and international guidelines. The causes of benign pleural effusions are broad, heterogenous and patients may benefit from individualised management targeted at both treating the underlying disease process and direct management of the fluid. Pleural effusions are very common in a number of non-malignant pathologies, such as decompensated heart failure, and following coronary artery bypass grafting. Pleural fluid analysis forms an important basis of the diagnostic evaluation, and more specific assays and imaging modalities are helpful in specific subpopulations. Options for management beyond treatment of the underlying disorder, whenever possible, include therapeutically aspirating the fluid, talc pleurodesis and insertion of an indwelling pleural catheter. Randomised trials will inform clinicians in the future as to the risks and benefits of these options providing a guide as to how best to manage patient symptoms in this challenging clinical setting.

  2. Electro-otolithography: new insight into benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franz, Burkhard

    2003-01-01

    Early vestibular evoked potentials were recorded with an extratympanic electrode. The recording principle was adding responses that were phase-locked to a recording frequency. The recording frequency was empirically determined to match harmonically an individual response frequency, thus allowing averaging. This new technique was evaluated in benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo. Normal data were obtained from 12 patients without vestibulocochlear symptoms and were compared with data from 18 symptomatic patients with diagnoses of benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo. All symptomatic patients were treated with a canalith repositioning maneuver, and all responded, in that they no longer had attacks of vertigo. Of the five patients who could be reassessed, all five no longer had attacks of vertigo, but three complained of persisting postural imbalance. Repeat electro-otolithography results continued to be abnormal in these patients, whereas in the remaining two patients responses were normal, consistent with the treatment outcome. The results suggest that electro-otolithography is a valuable addition to the otoneurological test battery. Successful canalith repositioning can abolish attacks of vertigo, although not necessarily a persisting imbalance, which patients frequently describe as a temporary and momentary instability. This is most likely related to a remaining otolithic deficit.

  3. Subjective visual vertical after treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Maristela Mian; Ganança, Maurício Malavasi; Caovilla, Heloisa Helena

    Otolith function can be studied by testing the subjective visual vertical, because the tilt of the vertical line beyond the normal range is a sign of vestibular dysfunction. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a disorder of one or more labyrinthine semicircular canals caused by fractions of otoliths derived from the utricular macula. To compare the subjective visual vertical with the bucket test before and immediately after the particle repositioning maneuver in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. We evaluated 20 patients. The estimated position where a fluorescent line within a bucket reached the vertical position was measured before and immediately after the particle repositioning maneuver. Data were tabulated and statistically analyzed. Before repositioning maneuver, 9 patients (45.0%) had absolute values of the subjective visual vertical above the reference standard and 2 (10.0%) after the maneuver; the mean of the absolute values of the vertical deviation was significantly lower after the intervention (pbenign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Copyright © 2016 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  4. Radiotherapy and radiosurgery for benign skull base meningiomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minniti, Giuseppe; Amichetti, Maurizio; Enrici, Riccardo Maurizi

    2009-01-01

    Meningiomas located in the region of the base of skull are difficult to access. Complex combined surgical approaches are more likely to achieve complete tumor removal, but frequently at a cost of treatment related high morbidity. Local control following subtotal excision of benign meningiomas can be improved with conventional fractionated external beam radiation therapy with a reported 5-year progression-free survival up to 95%. New radiation techniques, including stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT), and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) have been developed as a more accurate technique of irradiation with more precise tumor localization, and consequently a reduction in the volume of normal brain irradiated to high radiation doses. SRS achieves a high tumour control rate in the range of 85-97% at 5 years, although it should be recommended only for tumors less than 3 cm away more than 3 mm from the optic pathway because of high risk of long-term neurological deficits. Fractionated RT delivered as FSRT, IMRT and protons is useful for larger and irregularly or complex-shaped skull base meningiomas close to critical structures not suitable for single-fraction SRS. The reported results indicate a high tumour control rate in the range of 85-100% at 5 years with a low risk of significant incidence of long-term toxicity. Because of the long natural history of benign meningiomas, larger series and longer follow-up are necessary to compare results and toxicity of different techniques. PMID:19828022

  5. Sertoliform cystadenoma: a rare benign tumour of the rete testis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bremmer, Felix; Schweyer, Stefan; Behnes, Carl Ludwig; Blech, Manfred; Radzun, Heinz Joachim

    2013-02-14

    Sertoliform cystadenoma of the rete testis represents an uncommon benign tumour. They appear in patients from 26 to 62 years of age. We describe a case of a 66-year-old man with a tumour in the area of the epididymal head. The tumour markers were not increased. Under the assumption of a malignant testicular tumour an inguinal orchiectomy was performed. The cut surface of this tumour was of grey/white color and showed small cysts. The tumour consisted of two compartments. The epithelial like tumour cells showed a sertoliform growth pattern and cystic dilatations. In between the tumour cells repeatedly actin expressing sclerotic areas could be recognized as the second tumour component. Proliferative activity was not increased. Immunohistochemically the tumour cells were positiv for inhibin, S-100, and CD 99. Alpha feto protein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotropin (ß-HCG) and placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) as well as synaptophysin, epithelial membrane antigene (EMA), and BCL-2 were not expressed. As far as we know this is the sixth reported case of this tumour. Because of the benign nature of this tumour the correct diagnosis is important for the intra- and postoperative management. Here we present a case of this rare tumour and discuss potential differential diagnosis. The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1956026143857335.

  6. Accurate distinction of pathogenic from benign CNVs in mental retardation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayne Y Hehir-Kwa

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Copy number variants (CNVs have recently been recognized as a common form of genomic variation in humans. Hundreds of CNVs can be detected in any individual genome using genomic microarrays or whole genome sequencing technology, but their phenotypic consequences are still poorly understood. Rare CNVs have been reported as a frequent cause of neurological disorders such as mental retardation (MR, schizophrenia and autism, prompting widespread implementation of CNV screening in diagnostics. In previous studies we have shown that, in contrast to benign CNVs, MR-associated CNVs are significantly enriched in genes whose mouse orthologues, when disrupted, result in a nervous system phenotype. In this study we developed and validated a novel computational method for differentiating between benign and MR-associated CNVs using structural and functional genomic features to annotate each CNV. In total 13 genomic features were included in the final version of a Naïve Bayesian Tree classifier, with LINE density and mouse knock-out phenotypes contributing most to the classifier's accuracy. After demonstrating that our method (called GECCO perfectly classifies CNVs causing known MR-associated syndromes, we show that it achieves high accuracy (94% and negative predictive value (99% on a blinded test set of more than 1,200 CNVs from a large cohort of individuals with MR. These results indicate that this classification method will be of value for objectively prioritizing CNVs in clinical research and diagnostics.

  7. Laserinduced thermotherapy application in treatment benign nodular thyroid pathology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V G Petrov

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Results of the treatment laserinduced thermotherapy (LITT of 107 patients with benign thyroid nodules. The average volume of nodes before and after treatment was reduced from 5.0 cm 3 to 2.8 cm 3 (44%. Of nod ules up to 1 cm 3 average volume decreased by more than 60%. Among large nodules larger than 8 cm 3 aver age decreased only slightly more than 40%. Among the nodes up to 1 cm 3 after LITT most decreased by more than 50% (19 of 33, 8 of them (24.2% decreased by more than 75%, 6 (18.3% nodes have disap peared completely. Among the nodes of 2.1 cm 3, more than half also fell by more than 50% (17 of 29, of which more than 75% – 6 knots (20.7%. Of nodules more than 4 cm 3 was not a single node, which would decrease in volume by more than 75%. However, most of them fell by more than 25%. There was a statisti cally significant difference according to volume reduction of the number of node points of the laser action. Three patients (2.8% had a small burn the skin at the puncture needle. LITT method benign thyroid nodules is high, because overwhelmingly majority of cases leads to either the disappearance or significant reduction of thyroid nodules.

  8. Benign and malignant skin lesions in renal transplant recipients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghaninejad H

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Skin lesions - benign and malignant - occur frequently in organ transplant recipients receiving long-term immunosuppressive therapy. These patients are at greater risk of skin cancers. Aims: To study dermatologic problems in renal transplant recipients (RTRs. Methods: One hundred patients (53 men and 47 women were consecutively examined for benign and malignant skin complications since transplantation in Razi Hospital in Tehran Medical University. The main immunosuppressive therapy regimen in these patients was a combination of prednisolone, azathioprine, and cyclosporine. Results: The early and most common complication was cosmetic side effects that occurred in 98% patients. Skin infections occurred in 83% of the patients and most of them were viral infections (65%, especially of human papilloma viruses (HPVs in 40% of the patients. We found six cases of malignancy in these patients in that four cases were skin cancers, including one case of SCC, one BCC, and two cases of Kaposi′s sarcoma. Dermatologic problems occur most frequently in RTRs, especially skin cancers which have higher frequency in these patients than general population, particularly, Kaposi sarcoma. Sun exposure has an important role in developing epithelial skin cancers following transplantation. The age of developing skin cancer in these patients was early than normal population. Conclusion: Our results emphasize the importance of dermatologic examinations and monitoring RTRs to obtain an early diagnosis and treatment of cutaneous manifestations.

  9. Benign Proliferative Breast Lesions and Risk of Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serap Erel

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Benign breast lesions (BBL includes a wide variety of histologic entities, which have been broadly classified into non-proliferative lesions, proliferative lesions without atypia, and hyperplasia with atypia. With the increased use of mammography, more benign lesions are being detected, and in order to estimate the risk of breast cancer for specific histologic categories is of great importance to guide clinical management. Women with proliferative lesions without atypia are at slightly increased risk of subsequent breast cancer, whereas women with proliferative lesions with atypia have a higher risk. The risk is 1.5- 2-fold in women with proliferative lesions without atypia, 4-5-fold in women with proliferative lesions with atypia, and 8-10 fold in women with ductal carcinoma in situ. Age at diagnosis of BBL, menopausal status, family history of breast cancer in a first-degree relative, and time since BBL diagnosis on risk of breast cancer are important for risk evaluation. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2010; 19(3.000: 155-167

  10. Laparoscopic nephrectomy in children for benign conditions: indications and outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prema Menon

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To analyze the indications and outcome of laparoscopic nephrectomy for benign non-functioning kidneys in children. Materials and Methods: The data of all patients operated over a 10 year period was retrospectively analyzed. Results: There were 56 children, aged 4 months to 12 years with a male: female ratio of 2.3:1. The most common presentation in boys and girls was urinary tract infection (UTI (61.5% and 47.05% respectively. Incontinence due to ectopic ureter was a close second in girls (41.17%. The most common underlying conditions were vesico-ureteric reflux (42.85% and multicystic dysplastic kidney (23.2%. There were 6 nephrectomies, 4 heminephroureterectomies and the remaining nephroureterectomies. All children tolerated the surgery well. One patient underwent a concomitant cholecystectomy. The post-operative problems encountered were UTI (1, urine retention (1, pyonephrosis in the opposite kidney and development of contra-lateral reflux (1. All others had resolution of pre-operative symptoms with good cosmesis. Conclusions: As per available literature, this appears to be the largest Indian series of pediatric laparoscopic nephrectomies for benign non-functioning kidneys. Laparoscopic approach gives excellent results provided pre-operative investigations rule out other causes for the symptoms with which the patient presents. Often it is not the kidney but the dilated dysplastic ureter which is the seat of stasis and infection or pain and therefore should be completely removed.

  11. [Endosurgery of benign diseases and injuries of esophagus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oskretkov, V I; Gur'yanov, A A; Gankov, V A; Klimova, G I; Andreasyan, A R; Balatsky, D V; Fedorov, V V; Maslikova, S A

    2016-01-01

    To analyze the results of endoscopic interventions for benign diseases and injuries of the esophagus. 159 patients with benign diseases and perforation of the esophagus were operated. There were 72 (45.3%) cases of achalasia, 56 (35.2%) with post-ambustial stenosis of esophagus, 14 (8.8%) with esophageal perforation, 13 (8.2%) with leuomyoma of esophagus and 4 (2.5%) with diverticulum of thoracic esophagus. In long-term period 56 patients with achalasia were followed-up after laparoscopic Heller cardiomyotomy with Dor fundoplication. Good results were observed in all cases. Three patients died in early postoperative period after thoracoscopic extirpation of esophagus with esophagoplasty via laparotomy at the stage of development of the technique. There were no deaths after thoracoscopic extirpation of esophagus with simultaneous laparoscopic gastroplasty. Postoperative period was significantly less after thoracoscopic extirpation of esophagus with simultaneous laparoscopic esophagogastroplasty using whole stomach compared with esophagogastroplasty and esophagocoloplasty via laparotomy. In long-term postoperative period different complications occurred in 17 cases. Two patients with esophageal perforation died after video-assisted laparotranshiatal drainage of posterior mediastinum. Scarring of esophageal defect was observed in others. Seam failure after esophageal leuomyoma removal was diagnosed in 2 patients that required video-assisted laparotranshiatal drainage of posterior mediastinum and Maydl jejunostomy. Seam failure in thoracic esophagus after thoracoscopic removal of diverticulum was observed in 1 case. The complication was cured by video-assisted laparotranshiatal drainage of posterior mediastinum.

  12. Benign occipital lobe seizures: Natural progression and atypical evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prithika Chary

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Benign occipital seizure syndromes are benign childhood epilepsy syndromes and are mainly of two types, Panayiotopoulos syndrome, an autonomic epilepsy and idiopathic childhood occipital epilepsy of Gastaut (ICOE-G including the idiopathic photosensitive occipital lobe epilepsy. Although both these types are categorized as occipital seizures, they are distinct in presentation and management. They can also be tricky to diagnose as visual symptoms may not always be the presenting feature and it is also not very easy to elicit visual hallucinations during history taking. These seizures have a good response to treatment; however, there could be atypical evolution and refractoriness to treatment especially with ICOE-G. We describe three children who presented with visual and non-visual symptoms and the electroencephalography (EEG in all the three cases showed occipital paroxysms. We have emphasized the clues in the clinical history and EEG leading to the diagnosis of these distinct epilepsy syndromes. We have also discussed the natural course of these epilepsy syndromes with some atypical evolution, which clinicians need to be aware of during treatment of these children.

  13. ENVIRONMENTAL BENIGN MITIGATION OF MICROBIOLOGICALLY INFLUENCED CORROSION (MIC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J.R. Paterek

    2002-03-01

    The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmental benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is one or more environmental benign, a.k.a. ''green'' products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. The technical approach for this quarter has been to evaluate a number of real world pipeline sources for microbial communities or consortia that form biofilms under laboratory simulations of pipelines. The microorganisms will be identified using classical and molecular microbiological tools and there activities under pipeline simulating conditions will be studied. The quarter saw the collection of the first samples from the industry for isolation of the microorganisms, as well as the design and construction of the laboratory-scale pipeline simulators. Methods development for MIC and biofilm microbial isolations and identification, and laboratory design and construction of pipeline simulators were the only activities. At this stage of the study (first quarter), only preliminary results are available.

  14. ENVIRONMENTAL BENIGN MITIGATION OF MICROBIOLOGICALLY INFLUENCED CORROSION (MIC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J.R. Paterek; G. Husmillo; V. Trbovic

    2003-01-01

    The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmental benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is one or more environmental benign, a.k.a. ''green'' products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. The technical approach for this quarter were isolation and cultivation of MIC-causing microorganisms from corroded pipeline samples, optimizing parameters in the laboratory-scale corrosion test loop system and testing the effective concentrations of Capsicum sp. extracts to verify the extent of corrosion on metal coupons by batch culture method. A total of 22 strains from the group of heterotrophic, acid producing, denitrifying and sulfate reducing bacteria were isolated from the gas pipeline samples obtained from Northern Indiana Public Service Company in Trenton, Indiana. They were purified and will be sent out for identification. Bacterial strains of interest were used in antimicrobial screenings and test loop experiments. Parameters for the laboratory-scale test loop system such as gas and culture medium flow rate; temperature; inoculation period; and length of incubation were established. Batch culture corrosion study against Desulfovibrio vulgaris showed that one (S{sub 1}M) out of the four Capsicum sp. extracts tested was effective in controlling the corrosion rate in metal coupons by 33.33% when compared to the untreated group.

  15. ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN MITIGATION OF MICROBIOLOGICALLY INFLUENCED CORROSION (MIC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J. Robert Paterek; Gemma Husmillo

    2002-07-01

    The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmental benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is one or more environmental benign, a.k.a. ''green'' products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. Capsicum sp. extracts and pure compounds were screened for their antimicrobial activity against MIC causing bacteria. Studies on the ability of these compounds to dissociate biofilm from the substratum were conducted using microtiter plate assays. Tests using laboratory scale pipeline simulators continued. Preliminary results showed that the natural extracts possess strong antimicrobial activity being comparable to or even better than the pure compounds tested against strains of sulfate reducers. Their minimum inhibitory concentrations had been determined. It was also found that they possess bactericidal properties at minimal concentrations. Biofilm dissociation activity as assessed by microtiter plate assays demonstrated varying degrees of differences between the treated and untreated group with the superior performance of the extracts over pure compounds. Such is an indication of the possible benefits that could be obtained from these natural products. Confirmatory experiments are underway.

  16. ENVIRONMENTAL BENIGN MITIGATION OF MICROBIOLOGICALLY INFLUENCED CORROSION (MIC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J.R. Paterek; G. Husmillo

    2002-11-01

    The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmental benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is one or more environmental benign, a.k.a. ''green'' products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. The technical approach for this quarter were monitoring the development of Desulfovibrio species biofilm using the continuous flow cell system, evaluation of pepper compounds by microtiter plate assay for mitigating and inhibiting biofilm formation, and testing the effective concentrations to verify the extent of corrosion on metal coupons. Biofilm formation of Desulfovibrio vulgaris and D. desulfuricans was monitored and documented over a 7-day period. The use of a continuous flow cell system proved to be efficient and non-destructive in studying biofilm growth. Live/Dead BacLight was an efficient stain to determine cell viability. The extracts showed 9-25% biofilm formation inhibition against the two organisms, and 18-19% activity in detaching the already formed biofilm. Preliminary data were obtained on the extent of corrosion of metal coupons when treated with pepper extracts as against the untreated ones. Confirmatory tests are underway. A presentation was prepared and give at the US DOE NETL meeting on gas and petroleum infrastructure. The presentation is include as an addition to this report.

  17. Benign lymphoepithelial lesion arising in the parotid gland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Rae Chung; Choi, Soon Chul; Park, Tae Won; Yoo, Dong Soo [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-08-15

    The authors diagnosed a 33 years old female as benign lymphoepithelial lesion after undergoing clinical, radiological and histopathological examinations and the characteristics were as follows : 1. Clinically, the patient complained of painless bilateral swelling of the parotid glands and dryness of the palate. Rheumatoid facor was detected in her serum. 2. Sialograms showed punctuate or globular collections of contrast media distributed evenly throughout the parotid gland s in so-called 'cherry blossom' or 'fearless fruit-laden tree' appearance. 3. A salivary gland scan showed no uptake of radioisotopes by the parotid glands. 4. At T1-weighted imaging of PNS MRI, the lesions had the same signal intensity as the rest of the gland. At T2-weighted imaging, the lesion could be seen as high signal intensity 1.3 cm and 2.1 cm in diameter in the left and the right parotid gland respectively. 5. Ultrasonogram showed sonolucent lesions 20 X 15 mm and 17 X 14 mm in size in the lower part of the left parotid gland an d another 18 X 11 mm in size in the lower part of the parotid gland AS well as many other small sonolucent lesions. 6. Histopathologically, lymphocytic infiltration replacing the normal acini and lymphoid follicles containing germinal centers could be seen. Epimyoepithelial islands were scattered throughout the lesion and benign lymphoepithelial cysts were also observed.

  18. Men's preferences for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia: a discrete choice experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mankowski, Colette; Ikenwilo, Divine; Heidenreich, Sebastian; Ryan, Mandy; Nazir, Jameel; Newman, Cathy; Watson, Verity

    2016-01-01

    To explore and quantify men's preferences and willingness to pay (WTP) for attributes of medications for lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia using a discrete choice experiment. Men in the UK aged ≥45 years with moderate-to-severe lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hyperplasia (based on self-reported International Prostate Symptom Score ≥8) were recruited. An online discrete choice experiment survey was administered. Eligible men were asked to consider different medication scenarios and select their preferred medication according to seven attributes: daytime and nighttime (nocturia) urinary frequency, urinary urgency, sexual and nonsexual side effects, number of tablets/day, and cost/month. A mixed-logit model was used to estimate preferences and WTP for medication attributes. In all, 247 men completed the survey. Men were willing to trade-off symptom improvements and treatment side effects. Men preferred medications that reduced urinary urgency and reduced day- and nighttime urinary frequency. Men preferred medications without side effects (base-case level), but did not care about the number of tablets per day. WTP for symptomatic improvement was £25.33/month for reduced urgency (urge incontinence to mild urgency), and £6.65/month and £1.39/month for each unit reduction in night- and daytime urination frequency, respectively. The sexual and nonsexual side effects reduced WTP by up to £30.07/month. There was significant heterogeneity in preferences for most attributes, except for reduced urinary urgency from urge incontinence to mild urgency and no fluid during ejaculation (dry orgasm). To compensate for side effects, a medicine for lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hyperplasia must provide a combination of benefits, such as reduced urgency of urination plus reduced nighttime and/or reduced daytime urination.

  19. Clinician's Update on the Benign, Premalignant, and Malignant Skin Tumours of the Vulva

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sand, Freja Lærke; Thomsen, Simon Francis

    2017-01-01

    Correct and rapid diagnosis of skin tumours often requires biopsy and histopathological examination to differentiate benign lesions such as seborrhoeic keratoses or melanocytic naevi from premalignant and malignant lesions such as malignant melanoma. Particularly, to the untrained eye, any benign...... skin tumour-pigmented or nonpigmented-is easily mistaken for a malignant lesion. Qualified clinical evaluation is paramount in order to reduce the frequency of unwarranted skin biopsies. Herein, the most common benign, premalignant, and malignant vulvar skin tumours are reviewed....

  20. Benign Parathyroid Adenoma Presenting with Unusual Parathyroid Crisis, Anemia and Myelofibrosis

    OpenAIRE

    Shu-Chuan Huang; Vin-Cent Wu; Guan Chou; Tzu-Yu Huang; Shih-Yi Lin; Wayne Huey-Herng Sheu

    2007-01-01

    Although the clinical symptoms of patients with benign parathyroid adenoma are usually nonspecific and benign, a malignant presentation of the benign disease may sometimes occur. Here, we report a case of a 58-year-old woman who presented with aggravated sacrum pain, general malaise, and polydipsia. Initial laboratory findings revealed hypercalcemia, normocytic anemia, and impaired renal function. Acute hyper-calcemic crisis manifested and primary hyperparathyroidism was diagnosed together wi...

  1. Clustered microcalcifications on mammography: histopathologic correlation in benign and malignant lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Mi Hye; Oh, Ki Keun; Jung, Woo Hee; Ryu, Sock Jong [College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-02-15

    To evaluate differential points of clustered microcalcification in malignant and benign lesions on histopathology and correlate with mammographic findings. Authors evaluated differential points of malignant and benign calcifications in histopathologically confirmed 24 cases. In two patients, mapping studies and paraffin block mammographic examinations were done to correlate calcification on mammography with histopathologic morphology. On histopathology, malignant calcifications were located in ductal lumen, while benign ones were usually located in ductal epithelium ({rho} < 0.05). However, associated three benign lesions of the 10 malignant lesions showed still benign calcifications adjacent to proven cancer. The typical malignant calcifications were the shape of lamination, while benign calcifications showed granular and salty on light microscope. In 2 mapping studies, malignant-looking calcifications within the area of predominant benign calcifications yielded atypical ductal hyperplasia. Mammographic pepper, granular, punctuate, salty and S-shaped calcifications were correlated with granular and salty calcification on light microscope. Mammographic linear, branching comma, tadpole and wormiform calcifications were correlated with histopathologic laminated calcification. Authors have recognized about characteristics of malignant Vs. benign clustered microcalcifications on histopathology. Authors concluded that if malignant-looking calcification such as linear, branching, comma, tadpole and wormiform are present in an are a of predominant benign calcifications, specimen radiographic correlation and mapping study will be necessary for better demonstration of the atypical ductal hyperplasia, hidden or associated breast cancer.

  2. Cost-effective synthesis of environmentally benign materials on the basis of poly-3-hydroxybutyrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Häberlein

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available As an example for an environmentally benign and low-cost material we prepared blends from 1. copolyester-urethanes (PEU and 2. cellulose acetate recycling material (CAR. The copolyester-urethanes were prepared by joining blocks of alpha, omega-(poly-(R-3-hydroxybutyrate-diol and poly-butylenglycol-adipate-diol with hexamethylene diisocyanate. Fibrous CAR was transformed into a short-fiber felt by textile technology and calendared into the PEU melt. The processing of the blends was done at 80 - 100 °C mainly by injection molding. The mechanical properties of the tough-elastic materials were studied with respect to the influence of the PEU composition and the ratio of CAR admixture. The starting materials, (R-PHB and cellulose derivatives are obtained from agrarian resources. Therefore, the resulting polymers are stable under conditions of usage, yet readily bio-degradable on soil deposition. Mixing with cellulose acetate waste material allows for cost-effective production of such blends.

  3. DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT BENIGN PAROXYSMAL POSITIONAL VERTIGO (BPPV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Prida Purnamasari

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV is one of the most frequent Neurotology disorders. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is a vestibular disorder in which 17% -20% of patients complained of vertigo. In the general population the prevalence of BPPV is between 11 to 64 per 100,000 (prevalence 2.4%. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is a disturbance in the inner ear with positional vertigo symptoms that occur repeatedly with the typical nystagmus paroxysmal. The disorders can be caused either by canalithiasis or cupulolithiasis and could in theory be about three semicircular canals, although superior canal (anterior is very rare. The most common is the form of the posterior canal, followed by a lateral. The diagnosis of BPPV can be enforced based on history and physical examination, including some tests such as Dix-Hallpike test, caloric test, and Supine Roll test. The diagnosis of BPPV is also classified according to the types of channels. Management of BPPV include non-pharmacological, pharmacological and operations. Treatment is often used non-pharmacological includes several maneuvers such as Epley maneuver, Semount maneuver, Lempert maneuver, forced prolonged position and Brandt-Daroff exercises. /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}

  4. Pediatricians diagnosis in oral benign pathology of the newborn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durán Gutiérrez Américo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of oral pathology of the newborn is important for the pediatric odontologist and also for pediatricians in order to diagnose and adequately approach it. The newborn oral cavity has specific anatomical features which health care team must know how to identify benign oral conditions. The more common are: Bohn nod- ules, Epstein pearls, Fordyce granules, Riga Fede ulcer, eruption hematoma, candidiasis, herpes simplex, difficult dental eruption, lymphangioma, natal and neonatal teeth. For those teeth whether or no they have carried or worn edges should be pulled out if they affect oral function or if they are the cause of Riga Fede ulceration. Surgical treatment is also indicated for congenital epulis, mucocele, ranula and hemangioma. A successful treatment, is based on a good diagnosis and interdisciplinary treatment. This article briefly describes the most common oral conditions of newborns in order to orient the specialist (not the dentist with practical recommendations for early and timely treatment.

  5. [Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in the own material].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obrebowski, Andrzej; Wiskirska-Woźnica, Bozena; Maciejewska, Barbara; Krzyzaniak, Andrzej; Gajewska, Marta

    2006-01-01

    The complaint of dizziness can be caused by a variety of disorders affecting central or peripheral vestibular system. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo. It is a syndrom characterized by short-lasted episodes of true vertigo, induced by a rapid head position change and associated with a positional, transient nystagmus. It is classically identified by the Dix-Hallpike test. Vestibular and audiology function tests are usually normal. Patient is succesfully treated with physical maneuvres (Canalith Repositioning Procedure CRP). This raport presents eight patients (four are described in details) suffered from BPPV-PSC, hospitalized in the Department of Phoniatric and Audiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences. Methods include laryngologic examination, audiology and vestibular tests, Dix-Hallpike'a maneuver. All patients presented characteristic history and results of performed diagnostic tests. The efficacy of physical maneuvers were confirmed. BPPV is usually easy to diagnose and physical maneuvers are very effective.

  6. Malaysian children with: "benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manonmani, V; Tan, C T

    1994-06-01

    Benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECT) was studied in Malaysian children, and was observed in Chinese, Malay and Indian children in the ratio 10:6:5. There were 12 boys and 9 girls. Fit frequency varied from almost daily to a single fit. The age of onset ranged from 2-13 years and BECT was not noted in any child over 13 years old. There was a strong circadian rhythm and fits occurred mainly in sleep. Generalised seizures were more common than partial seizures. During the 3-year study from April 1989 to April 1992, 21 children with BECT were identified from the EEG records done at the University Hospital and it was found that this genetic epilepsy which is autosomal dominant with age dependent penetrance occurs in approximately 4.8% of our epileptic children. In addition there were 3 children in whom petit mal co-existed with a BECT EEG trait.

  7. Postural control in older patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasse, Cristiane Akemi; Santana, Graziela Gaspar; Branco-Barreiro, Fátima Cristina Alves; Scharlach, Renata Coelho; Gazzola, Juliana Maria; Ganança, Fernando Freitas; Doná, Flávia

    2012-05-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness of a canalith-repositioning procedure in postural control of older patients with idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Prospective clinical trial. A tertiary referral center. A 9-month follow-up survey with a prospective design was conducted among 33 older patients with BPPV. Patients underwent static posturography (Balance Rehabilitation Unit [BRU]) and were administered the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) before and after the maneuver. After the treatment, they were compared with 33 healthy older subjects. The posturography parameters were the limit of stability (LOS), the center of body-pressure area (COP), and the velocity of oscillation (VOS) under conditions of visual, somatosensory, and visual-vestibular conflict. One canalith-repositioning procedure relieved most patients' complaints (54.5%), and 100% were relieved with 1 to 3 maneuvers. Total DHI score and all subscales improved after treatment (P visual conflict and visual-vestibular interaction.

  8. [Non-specific exercise therapy for benign paroxysmal postural vertigo].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nomura, Toshiyuki; Yamamoto, Masahiko; Suzuki, Mitsuya; Yoshida, Tomoe; Ohwada, Satoko; Ikemiyagi, Yoshihiro; Shigeta, Fuyuko; Tamura, Yuya

    2011-11-01

    We treated 1145 patients diagnosed as having benign paroxysmal postural vertigo at the Toho University Medical Center Sakura Hospital from August 2007 to July 2009 by the exercise therapy developed by us. The most advantageous characteristic of our method is that patients can perform the exercises themselves at their own pace in their homes, even if the affected side cannot be identified and/or the patients have any orthopedic cervical and/or spinal problems. In 80.7% and 91.7% of the patients in our case series, the vertigo was no longer present at one and three months, respectively. In addition, the vertigo disappeared within two weeks in the patients who were examined within one week of the start of the symptom. The longer the period between the onset of vertigo and the hospital visit, the longer the period needed for control of the symptom.

  9. A relationship between autoimmune thyroiditis and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modugno, G C; Pirodda, A; Ferri, G G; Montana, T; Rasciti, L; Ceroni, A R

    2000-04-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a labyrinthine disorder with a typical behavior: intense crises of rotational vertigo induced by postural changes of the head, with short duration and usually good responsiveness to rehabilitative maneuvers. This phenomenon is thought to be subsequent to the movement of floating particles in the labyrinthine fluids, which can provoke gravitational stimulations. In order to conduct a metabolic and autoimmune examination, 70 patients affected by BPPV were examined. In 34 cases (48.5%) autoimmune alterations were found: in 19 cases (27.1%) the level of anti-thyroid antibodies far exceeded the normal values with a significant incidence in comparison with a control group (Pvertigo. Copyright 2000 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.

  10. Quality of life in patients with benign nontoxic goiter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cramon, Per; Bonnema, Steen Joop; Bjørner, Jakob

    2015-01-01

    : Patients' baseline scores were significantly worse than those in the general population on 9 of the 13 ThyPRO scales. Six months after treatment, the patients' ThyPRO scores had improved on six scales, with large/moderate effects on the Goiter Symptoms and Anxiety scales. However, on eight scales, the post-treatment...... population, patients with NTG had greatest HRQoL impairment at baseline on the Goiter Symptoms and Anxiety scales, which also demonstrated the largest post-treatment improvements. However, both disease-specific and generic HRQoL deficits persisted six months after treatment. In order to improve......BACKGROUND: While health-related quality of life (HRQoL) issues often prompt treatment of benign nontoxic goiter (NTG), few clinical studies have systematically assessed HRQoL in patients with this condition. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate thyroid-related and generic HRQo...

  11. Benign gastric neuroendocrine tumors in three snow leopards (Panthera uncia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobson, Elizabeth C; Naydan, Dianne K; Raphael, Bonnie L; McAloose, Denise

    2013-06-01

    Neuroendocrine tumors are relatively rare neoplasms arising from neuroendocrine cells that are distributed throughout the body and are predominant in the gastrointestinal tract. This report describes benign, well-differentiated gastric neuroendocrine tumors in three captive snow leopards (Panthera uncia). All tumors were well circumscribed, were within the gastric mucosa or submucosa, and had histologic and immunohistochemical features of neuroendocrine tumors. Histologic features included packeted cuboidal to columnar epithelial cells that were arranged in palisades or pseudorosettes and contained finely granular cellular cytoplasm with centrally placed, round nuclei. Cytoplasmic granules of neoplastic cells strongly expressed chromogranin A, variably expressed neuron-specific enolase, and did not express synaptophysin or gastrin. Each leopard died or was euthanatized for reasons unrelated to its tumor.

  12. Sickle cell trait: not as benign as once thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uqba Khan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available We describe a case of renal papillary necrosis in a middle-aged female with sickle cell trait who presented with gross hematuria. We wish to highlight this case for several reasons. Sickle cell trait is often viewed as a benign condition despite the fact that it is associated with significant morbidity such as renal papillary necrosis and renal medullary carcinoma. Appropriate evaluation needs to be undertaken to promptly diagnose renal papillary necrosis and differentiate it from renal medullary carcinoma as this can result in deadly consequences for patients. CT urography has emerged as a diagnostic study to evaluate hematuria in such patients. We review the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of renal papillary necrosis in patients with sickle cell trait.

  13. [Sexual readaptation after the surgical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goriunov, V G; Davidov, M I

    1997-01-01

    Sexual function was studied in 818 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) before and after surgical treatment of this disease. Before surgery, sexual activity was absent in 276 examinees. After surgery 4.3% of them retained erection, 95.7% remained impotent. 542 patients before operations were sexually active. Surgical treatment of BPH (transurethral resection, transvesical adenomectomy) creates grounds for deterioration of sexual function and risk of erection loss. Thus, 77 operated patients had no erection, 176 had weak libido, 159--insufficient erection, 244 retrograde ejaculation, 188 painful orgasm. Transurethral resection led to a complete loss of copulative function in 5.3% of patients, transvesical adenomectomy--in 9.9%. Sexual readaptation after transurethral resection and transvesical adenomectomy has been improved due to a special complex developed by the authors. This complex consists of 14 therapeutic and prophylactic procedures.

  14. High expression of cytoplasmic phosphorylated CSE1L in malignant melanoma but not in benign nevi: phosphorylated CSE1L for the discrimination between melanoma and benign nevi

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Chin, Szu-Ying; Wu, Pei-Ru; Shih, Yi-Hsien; Yeh, Chung-Min; Lee, Woan-Ruoh; Shen, Shing-Chuan; Yeh, Kun-Tu; Jiang, Ming-Chung; Tseng, Jonathan Te-Peng

    2015-01-01

    Melanoma is difficult to treat when it has metastasized. Discrimination between melanoma and benign nevi in melanocytic lesions is crucial for identifying melanomas and consequently improving melanoma treatment and prognosis...

  15. Metallothionein Isoform Expression in Benign and Malignant Thyroid Lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojtczak, Beata; Pula, Bartosz; Gomulkiewicz, Agnieszka; Olbromski, Mateusz; Podhorska-Okolow, Marzena; Domoslawski, Paweł; Bolanowski, Marek; Daroszewski, Jacek; Dziegiel, Piotr

    2017-09-01

    Metallothioneins (MTs) are involved in numerous cell processes such as binding and transport of zinc and copper ions, differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis, therefore contributing to carcinogenesis. Scarce data exist on their expression in benign and malignant lesions of the thyroid. mRNA expression of functional isoforms of MT genes (MT1A, MT1B, MT1E, MT1F, MT1G, MT1H, MT1X, MT2A, MT4) was studied in 17 nodular goiters (NG), 12 follicular adenomas (FA) and 26 papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). One-way ANOVA revealed significant differences in mRNA expression levels of MT1A (p<0.05), MT1E (p<0.005), MT1F (p<0.0001), MT1G (p<0.005), MT1X (p<0.0005) and MT2A (p<0.005) in the analyzed samples. Post hoc analysis confirmed a significantly lower expression of MT1A mRNA in PTC compared to NG (p<0.05). Significant down-regulation was also noted for other MT isoforms in PTC in comparison to NG: MT1E (p<0.05), MT1F (p<0.0001), MT1G (p<0.005), MT1X (p<0.0005) and MT2A (p<0.05). In addition, significant down-regulation of MT1F and MT1G in FA compared to NG was observed (p<0.005 and p<0.05, respectively). Expression of functional MT isoforms may contribute to thyroid carcinogenesis and potentially serve as a diagnostic marker in distinguishing benign and malignant lesions. Copyright© 2017, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.

  16. [The value of ultrasonography in benign breast diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonardi, M; Pedretti, G; Caprioli, E; Bellicini, G

    1993-03-01

    In recent years breast scans have been widely used for the precise diagnosis of breast cancer. However, the value of this diagnostic tool is debatable in comparison to mammography in women of a childbearing age who often present a dense youthful breast. The role of clinical examination as a screening process is also examined. In the light of these findings the Authors evaluated the role played by ultrasonography in breast cancer, and in particular benign breast tumours, in a group of outpatients attending the clinic. The technique used was relatively simple: the scan in the department used for gynecological and obstetrical ultrasonography was fitted with a 5 MHz probe and was used to perform all the scans. In addition, a Kiteco space maintainer was used for ultrasonography of soft tissue. Scans were performed at a distance of 0.5 cm. The Authors examined 107 patients with benign breast tumours using ultrasonography. They evaluated the morphology, dimensions, edges and internal echo-structure of pathological formations and adjacent areas. The value of breast ultrasonography emerges from an analysis of the results both in the study of the glandular structure and in the differentiation between cystic and solid type lesions which are not always diagnosed during clinical examination. A total of 59 fibroadenoma, 44 cysts, 2 lipoma and 2 phylloids were diagnosed. Fibroadenomas had smooth edges in 98.4% of cases and were lobulate in 1.6%. In 100% of cases the fibroadenomas diagnosed presented fine internal homogeneous echoes with a lower echogenicity than that of surrounding glandular tissue.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  17. Postural control in horizontal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Girolamo, S; Ottaviani, F; Scarano, E; Picciotti, P; Di Nardo, W

    2000-01-01

    Sixteen patients affected by benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the horizontal semicircular canal (BPPV-HSC) were investigated by means of dynamic posturography (DP) and during bithermal caloric stimulation. Data were compared to data from 40 patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo of the posterior semicircular canal (BPPV-PSC) and 20 healthy controls. No postural deficit was observed before or after a liberative Lempert's manoeuvre when patients were compared to control subjects. BPPV-PSC postural scores were significantly impaired compared to scores from the BPPV-HSC group. A residual significant postural impairment was also observed after a successful liberative manoeuvre in the BPPV-PSC group. Electronystagmographic recordings before recovery revealed significant hypoexcitability of the affected ear in 8/16 patients of the BPPV-HSC group. After the liberative manoeuvre, a symmetric bilateral response to caloric stimulation was recorded in all patients. Three main conclusions can be drawn from the present data. First, disorders of the horizontal semicircular canal do not change postural control. Second, dynamic posturography can detect the postural imbalance due to posterior semicircular canal dysfunction even after resolution of paroxysmal vertigo attacks. Third, utricular dysfunction can be ruled out as a cause of the residual postural deficit observed in BPPV-PSC patients. Therefore the recovery delay observed even 1 month after the liberative manoeuvre in the BPPV-PSC-group might be due to the persistence of small amounts of residual debris in the canal, to paralysis of ampullar receptors, or to the time needed for central vestibular re-adaptation.

  18. Carcinoma of prostate in clinically benign enlarged gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Ishtiaq Ali; Nasir, Muhammad; Akbar, Muhammad; Khattak, Irfan-ud-Din; Khan, Asif Nawaz; Jan, Attaullah; Asif, Sadia; Zia-ur-Rehman

    2008-01-01

    Carcinoma of the prostate is one of the common tumours of old age in men. This cross sectional study was conducted to detect carcinoma of prostate in clinically benign enlarged gland and to evaluate the efficacy of Digital rectal Examination in detection of prostatic cancer in patients presented at Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar from July 1998 to July 1999. Patients presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms over the age of 50 years were evaluated on English version of International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS), clinically examined and post-voiding residual urine determined on abdominal sonography. The selection criteria were; Severe IPSS, absence of signs of malignancy on Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) and post-voiding residual urine more than 100 ml. Thus a total 100 patients were selected for further study. Four ml blood was taken to assess Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) level pre-operatively. All these patients underwent either transvesical prostatectomy or transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) and enucleated prostatic tissues were sent to histopathology. Eighty-five percent patients had PSA level up to 10 etag/ml. PSA level of 15 (15%) patients were above 10n gm/ml out of which 13 (13%) patients were having PSA in range of 11-12 etag/ml and two (2%) had PSA level between 20-25 etag/ml. Histopathology report of 2% patients turned out as adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Out of 100 patients who were having clinically benign DRE findings, 2 turned out as Carcinoma of the prostate histologically.

  19. Breast Cancer from the Excisional Scar of a Benign Mass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Min Jung; Kim, Eun Kyung; Lee, Ji Young; Youk, Ji Hyun; Park, Byeong Woo; Kim, Hae Ryoung; Oh, Ki Keun [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-06-15

    Burns and chronic inflammation are well-known circumstances in which malignant transformation may occur during wound healing. There are many reports of malignancies developing from a burn scar; however, there are only a few reports of malignancy arising from chronic inflammation or from the skin of a surgical scar following excision of a benign mass, in any part of the body. There are only twelve reported cases of breast cancer developing from a surgical scar, moreover, there have been no reports in the last 30 years. This case is a recent example of breast cancer developing in a surgical scar that showed subtle changes on sequential sonograms. The imaging findings of this case were subtle but the mass that had been shrinking developed an angular margin in one region. These findings, along with the penetrating vascularity revealed on Doppler, prompted us to proceed to a biopsy of the lesion. It was of critical importance to compare the size and the shape of the lesion with previous ultrasounds in order to exclude malignancy in any iatrogenically altered lesion. Based on this case, we conclude that whenever a subtle change is detected, at a surgical site, a biopsy should be performed. Breast cancer developing from a surgical scar is rare; this type of malignancy has been reported in only 12 cases to date. Herein, we report on a 52-year-old female who developed infiltrating ductal carcinoma in a surgical scar following excision of a benign mass. Two years previously, the patient underwent surgery and radiotherapy for invasive ductal carcinoma of the contralateral breast. The initial appearance of the scar was similar to fat necrosis; it was observed to be progressively shrinking on follow-up sonography. On the two year follow-up ultrasound, the appearance changed, an angular margin and vascularity at the periphery of the scar were noted. A biopsy and subsequent excision of the scar were performed; the diagnosis of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the scar was

  20. Non-surgical ablative therapies for inoperable benign insulinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mele, C; Brunani, A; Damascelli, B; Tichà, V; Castello, L; Aimaretti, G; Scacchi, M; Marzullo, P

    2018-02-01

    Benign insulinoma is the most common functioning neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas. The gold-standard therapeutic approach for insulinoma is surgery, which allows for tumor removal, histology and immunochemical analyses. If surgery is not feasible, minimally invasive ablative procedures performed by interventional radiology can lead to partial or complete remission of hormone hypersecretion and tumor control in insulinoma patients. We performed a review of existing literature on non-chemotherapeutic/radioactive ablative techniques employed for the treatment of benign, otherwise inoperable, pancreatic insulinoma. For this purpose, feasibility, effectiveness and safety of ablative treatments for pancreatic insulinoma were reviewed from literature data published from 1982 to date. A total of 44 insulinoma cases treated with non-surgical ablative techniques were desumed, and divided as follows: 7 cases of tumor embolization, 26 ethanol ablations, 7 radiofrequency ablations, 2 high intensity focused ultrasound ablation, 1 irreversible electroporation and 1 percutaneous microwave ablation. Most cases involved single insulinoma, predominantly located in the pancreas head and body. In the majority of patients, ablation was chosen instead of surgery due to severe comorbidities. After an average follow-up of 16 months, the overall success rate of non-surgical ablative treatments of insulinoma was 84%, the recurrence/persistence rate was 16%, and transient adverse events were noted in 23% of cases. Adverse events were usually self-limiting and medically manageable. Non-surgical ablation is a feasible, safe and repeatable procedure in patients with pancreatic insulinoma, who are not candidate to surgery or refuse it. Partial or complete control of symptoms and tumor growth is experienced by the majority of patients.

  1. [Histopathology and cytology of supposedly benign tumors of the ovary].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevestre, H; Ikoli, J-F; Al Thakfi, W

    2013-12-01

    Most tumors of the ovary presumed benign according to clinical, biological and imaging data are cysts. A cyst is a newly formed cavity lined by epithelium. It tends to enlarge, and can undergo torsion, rupture and haemorrhage. Most prevalent cystic lesions, i.e. inclusion cysts, serous or mucinous cystadenomas, endometriotic cysts, mature teratoma and other cysts are described. Diagnostic methods of cytology and pathology are described and evaluated: intraoperative examination of cystic and peritoneal fluids are not recommended; intraoperative consultation can be performed on solid parts or implants, if the pathologist is familiar with these lesions, or if primary carcinoma is known. The value of intraoperative examination is good in benign and cancer cases, but unsatisfactory in borderline lesions, especially of mucinous type. Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue can be performed to preserve tumoral and normal tissue in Biobank for research protocol, or to maintain fertility through follicle preservation, in aseptic conditions. Transfer of samples towards the pathology laboratory can be performed either and preferably in fresh state, or in vacuum sealed bags at +4°C allowing a 2-day delay, or after immersion in a 15 × volume of 4% formalin. Cytological samples must be collected on citrate and sent immediately to the pathology laboratory, or fixed volume/volume in of absolute alcohol. The pathologist and the surgeon must collaborate to obtain good practice: intact labelled sample, accompanied by clinical information, transfer according to best local conditions, judicious use of intraoperative examination, knowing its possibilities and limitations, no excess delay of pathology report, even in difficult cases requiring expert opinion. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  2. Microsatellite instability in keratoacanthoma, a benign skin tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honchel, R.; Halling, K.C.; Pittelkow, M.R. [Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    Keratocanthoma (KA) is a benign, spontaneously regressing epithelial tumor of the skin. KA is generally sporadic but also occurs in patients with the Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS), an inherited disorder characterized by the development in an individual of at least one sebaceous tumor and one visceral malignancy (usually colorectal cancer). As a result of the recent identification of microsatellite instability (MIN) in a KA from a patient with MTS and because of the benign nature of these tumors, we surveyed a group of randomly selected KA for MN. Paraffin-embedded tissue from 53 patients were analyzed for MIN. Of the 53 KA`s examined, 6 demonstrated MIN at two or more loci. Two of the patients with MIN+ KA also had colonic adenocarcinomas, and paraffin-embedded tissue obtained from one of these patients also demonstrated MIN at multiple loci. Interestingly, two patients with KA that did not demonstrate MIN had colon tumors that did exhibit MIN. Of the 8 patients demonstrating MIN in at least one tumor, one has a history consistent with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), two have MTS, and three additional patients have features suggestive, but not diagnostic, of HNPCC. Two KA that were MIN+ appear to be sporadic since the patients had no associated visceral or sebaceous tumors, and no apparent family history of colon cancer. A 2 bp somatic deletion in exon 3 of the hMSH2 gene was identified in one of the sporadic MIN+ KA, suggesting that the genes responsible for HNPCC are also responsible for MIN in KA.

  3. ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN MITIGATION OF MICROBIOLOGICALLY INFLUENCED CORROSION (MIC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J. Robert Paterek; Gemma Husmillo; Amrutha Daram; Vesna Trbovic; Teri Storino

    2003-04-01

    The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmentally benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is to develop one or more environmentally benign (a.k.a. ''green'') products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. The technical approach for this quarter includes the application of new methods of Capsicum sp. (pepper) extraction by soxhlet method and analysis of a new set of extracts by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC); isolation and cultivation of MIC-causing microorganisms from corroded pipeline samples; and evaluation of antimicrobial activities of the old set of pepper extracts in comparison with major components of known biocides and corrosion inhibitors. Twelve new extracts from three varieties of Capsicum sp. (Serrano, Habanero, and Chile de Arbol) were obtained by soxhlet extraction using 4 different solvents. Results of TLC done on these extracts showed the presence of capsaicin and some phenolic compounds, while that of HPLC detected capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin peaks. More tests will be done to determine specific components. Additional isolates from the group of heterotrophic, acid-producing, denitrifying and sulfate-reducing bacteria were obtained from the pipeline samples submitted by gas companies. Isolates of interest will be used in subsequent antimicrobial testing and test-loop simulation system experiments. Results of antimicrobial screening of Capsicum sp. extracts and components of known commercial biocides showed comparable activities when tested against two strains of sulfate-reducing bacteria.

  4. Serenoa repens extract in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geavlete, Petrisor; Multescu, Razvan; Geavlete, Bogdan

    2011-08-01

    We are experiencing a revival of interest in phytotherapeutic agents, both in Europe and North America, especially as a consequence of patients' dissatisfaction with the adverse effects of the medical alternatives. One of the most frequently prescribed and studied such agents is Serenoa repens extract, derived from the berry of the dwarf palm tree. We aimed to review the most important published data regarding this type of treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia. A review of the existing articles regarding the use of Serenoa repens extracts for benign prostatic hyperplasia was performed. The articles were analysed with regard to their relevance, scientific value and the size of the evaluated series. Multiple mechanisms of action have been attributed to this extract, including antiandrogenic action, an anti-inflammatory/anti-oedematous effect, prolactin signal modulation, and an antiproliferative effect exerted through the inhibition of growth factors. Regarding efficacy, European Association of Urology guidelines state that Serenoa repens extracts significantly reduce nocturia in comparison with placebo. However, the guideline committee is unable to make specific recommendations about phytotherapy of male lower urinary tract symptoms owing to the heterogeneity of the products and the methodological problems associated with meta-analyses. Most of the published trials regarding Serenoa repens phytotherapy demonstrate a significant improvement of urinary status and a favourable safety profile. Also, some authors have credited it with giving a significant improvement in erectile function and decreasing complications following transurethral resection of the prostate, especially bleeding. The results of phytotherapy with Serenoa repens extracts are very promising. More high-quality, randomized, placebo-controlled studies are required in order to demonstrate without doubt the true therapeutic value of these products. Particular attention must be focused on

  5. Endoscopic Dilatation versus Oesophageal Stent in Benign Oesophageal Stricture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadyanto Caputra

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Oesophageal stricture is one of the causes of dysphagia. It is a condition in which the lumen of oesophagus is narrowed by fibrotic tissue in the oesophageal wall. It is usually caused by inflammation or any other cause that leads to necrotizing of tissue. It is mainly differentiated into benign or malignant. The aim of this article is to answer the clinical question on the effectiveness of oesophageal stenting compared to endoscopic dilatation in patient with benign oesophageal stricture due to ingestion of corrosive substances, who had undergone several endoscopic dilatations. Method: We conducted search of relevant articles using PubMed search engine to answer the clinical question. Keywords being used during the search process were: ("oesophageal stricture"[All Fields] OR "oesophageal stenosis"[All Fields] AND (("dilatation"[All Fields] AND ("stents"[MeSH Terms] OR "stents"[All Fields] OR "stent"[All Fields]. Results were further converged by adding specific filters, which were full text articles and clinical trial. Results: The chosen article was further appraised in order to identify its validity and eligibility to answer the clinical question. We chose to use CONSORT (statement to improve the quality of reporting of RCTs to facilitate the critical appraisal and interpretation of RCTs. Conclusion: Stenting was associated with greater dysphagia, co-medication and adverse events. No randomized controlled trials which compared biodegradable stents with other stents or with balloon dilatation was identified. Lack of adequately robust evidence for effectiveness and cost-effectiveness formed the rationale of this trial.

  6. Dosimetry in radioiodine therapy of benign thyroid diseases. Background and practice; Dosimetrie bei Radioiodtherapie benigner Schilddruesenerkrankungen. Hintergrund und Durchfuehrung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bockisch, A.; Sonnenschein, W.; Jentzen, W.; Hartung, V.; Goerges, R. [Universitaetsklinikum Essen (Germany). Klinik fuer Nuklearmedizin

    2008-09-15

    Radioiodine therapy of benign thyroid diseases (focal = [toxic adenoma], multifocal, disseminated autonomy, Grave's disease or clinical relevant goitre) needs to be and can be performed individually for each patient. Most frequently a radioiodine test is performed applying a small activity of iodine-131 ({sup 131}I). The paper discusses some protocols for pre- or posttherapeutic dosimetry and discusses their advantages and disadvantages. All are based on the volumetry of the target tissue as well as the radioiodine kinetics in the target volume what may be represented by maximum uptake and half life of iodine retention in the thyroid. Possible disturbances and measuring uncertainties of these parameters are presented and discussed. In spite of the discussed uncertainties in dosimetry, due to its high therapeutic width radioiodine therapy is a very successful procedure to cure hyperthyroidism or to reduce goitre volume with only little side effects. (orig.)

  7. Spread and Control of Mobile Benign Worm Based on Two-Stage Repairing Mechanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Both in traditional social network and in mobile network environment, the worm is a serious threat, and this threat is growing all the time. Mobile smartphones generally promote the development of mobile network. The traditional antivirus technologies have become powerless when facing mobile networks. The development of benign worms, especially active benign worms and passive benign worms, has become a new network security measure. In this paper, we focused on the spread of worm in mobile environment and proposed the benign worm control and repair mechanism. The control process of mobile benign worms is divided into two stages: the first stage is rapid repair control, which uses active benign worm to deal with malicious worm in the mobile network; when the network is relatively stable, it enters the second stage of postrepair and uses passive mode to optimize the environment for the purpose of controlling the mobile network. Considering whether the existence of benign worm, we simplified the model and analyzed the four situations. Finally, we use simulation to verify the model. This control mechanism for benign worm propagation is of guiding significance to control the network security.

  8. Beneficial effect of combined aspiration and interstitial laser therapy in patients with benign cystic thyroid nodules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Døssing, H; Bennedbaek, F N; Hegedüs, L

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of combined cyst aspiration and ultrasound-guided interstitial laser photocoagulation (ILP) on recurrence rate and the volume of benign cystic thyroid nodules. 10 euthyroid outpatients with a solitary and cytologically benign partially cystic thyro...

  9. Huge Benign Granulosa Cell Tumour In A 61 Year Old Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To re-appraise clinicians that huge ovarian lesions with features of malignancies may still be benign and that late presentation is a problem in genital cancer management that should be addressed. Subject, material and method: A case report of a huge benign granulosa cell tumour in a postmenopausal woman is ...

  10. [Efficiency of Siberian pine oil in complex treating of people ill with benign hypertension].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakhtin, Iu V; Budaeva, V V; Vereshchagin, A L; Egorova, E Iu; Zhukova, E Iu; Saratikov, A S

    2006-01-01

    For people ill with benign hypertension and going through basis hypotensive therapy, taking in Siberian pine nut oil as much as 17,5 g per day, is accompanied by cholesterol-lessening effect, normalization of lipid spectrum of blood, systolic (maximum) benign pressure and lessening of surplus body mass.

  11. Envy and its consequences : Why it is useful to distinguish between benign and malicious envy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Ven, N.

    2016-01-01

    Envy is the pain that arises from the good fortune of others. Recent research identified two subtypes of envy, benign and malicious envy. Malicious envy is the envy subtype with action tendencies aimed to pull down the envied person from their superior position. Benign envy is also a frustrating

  12. Comparison between children and adolescents with and without chronic benign pain: consultation rate and pain characteristics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.C. van Eekelen; C.W. Perquin (Christel); J.A.M. Hunfeld (Joke); A.A.J.M. Hazebroek-Kampschreur (Alice); L.W.A. van Suijlekom-Smit (Lisette); B.W. Koes (Bart); J. Passchier (Jan); J.C. van der Wouden (Hans)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractThe aim of the study was to determine whether children with chronic benign pain are in contact with their general practitioner (GP) more frequently than those without chronic benign pain. A random sample of children and adolescents aged between 0 and 18 years of age was

  13. Dual time-point FDG PET/CT for differentiating benign from ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective. Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) is an accurate non-invasive imaging test for differentiating benign from malignant solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs). We aimed to assess its diagnostic accuracy for differentiating benign from malignant SPNs in a tuberculosis (TB)-endemic area.

  14. International Continence Society "Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia" Study: background, aims, and methodology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abrams, P.; Donovan, J. L.; de la Rosette, J. J.; Schäfer, W.

    1997-01-01

    The International Continence Society Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Study (ICS-BPH) was devised in response to the perceived underutilization of urodynamics in the diagnosis of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO), together with the apparent reliance on symptoms alone when selecting patients for

  15. Incidental Benign Metastasizing Leiomyoma in a Patient with Bone Sarcoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zanndor Jacob del Real-Romo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The benign metastasizing leiomyoma is an exceptionally rare entity; it presents with ectopic leiomyoma nodules with a benign pattern. Symptoms vary according to the anatomic location. The diagnosis is histopathological, usually in patients with history of hysterectomy. Case Presentation. A 36-year-old female with 2-month history of left knee pain was diagnosed with bone fibrosarcoma. A CT scan showed pulmonary nodules. The patient started neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Conservative surgery of pelvic limb was achieved. A new CT scan reported pulmonary nodules that remained in relation to the previous CT. A nodule resection by thoracotomy and TOB (transoperative biopsy was performed. The final pathology report described benign proliferative lesions consistent with benign metastatic leiomyoma. Conclusions. Benign metastatic leiomyoma is a rare condition presenting with uterine and extrauterine nodules most commonly in the lung. The diagnosis is histopathological. The surgical procedure must be reserved for selected patients.

  16. Risk of borderline ovarian tumors among women with benign ovarian tumors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guleria, Sonia; Jensen, Allan; Kjær, Susanne K

    2018-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: A growing number of studies suggest that some ovarian cancers can arise from benign and borderline ovarian tumors. However, studies on the association between benign and borderline ovarian tumors are lacking. We studied the overall- and histotype-specific risk of borderline ovarian...... tumors among women with a benign ovarian tumor. METHODS: This nationwide cohort study included all Danish women diagnosed with a benign ovarian tumor (n=139,466) during 1978-2012. The cohort was linked to the Danish Pathology Data Bank and standardized incidence ratios (SIR) with 95% confidence intervals...... (CI) were calculated. RESULTS: Women with benign ovarian tumors had increased risks for subsequent borderline ovarian tumors (SIR 1.62, 95% CI 1.43-1.82), and this applied to both serous (SIR 1.69, 95% CI 1.39-2.03) and mucinous (SIR 1.75, 95% CI 1.45-2.10) histotypes of borderline ovarian tumors...

  17. Surgical Excision of Benign Papillomas Diagnosed with Core Biopsy: A Community Hospital Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Rozentsvayg

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Our goal was to assess the value of surgical excision of benign papillomas of the breast diagnosed on percutaneous core biopsy by determining the frequency of upgrade to malignancies and high risk lesions on a final surgical pathology. We reviewed 67 patients who had biopsies yielding benign papilloma and underwent subsequent surgical excision. Surgical pathology of the excised lesions was compared with initial core biopsy pathology results. 54 patients had concordant benign core and excisional pathology. Cancer (ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive ductal carcinoma was diagnosed in five (7% patients. Surgery revealed high-risk lesions in 8 (12% patients, including atypical ductal hyperplasia, atypical lobular hyperplasia, and lobular carcinoma in situ. Cancer and high risk lesions accounted for 13 (19% upstaging events from benign papilloma diagnosis. Our data suggests that surgical excision is warranted with core pathology of benign papilloma.

  18. Mixing in explosions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuhl, A.L.

    1993-12-01

    Explosions always contain embedded turbulent mixing regions, for example: boundary layers, shear layers, wall jets, and unstable interfaces. Described here is one particular example of the latter, namely, the turbulent mixing occurring in the fireball of an HE-driven blast wave. The evolution of the turbulent mixing was studied via two-dimensional numerical simulations of the convective mixing processes on an adaptive mesh. Vorticity was generated on the fireball interface by baroclinic effects. The interface was unstable, and rapidly evolved into a turbulent mixing layer. Four phases of mixing were observed: (1) a strong blast wave phase; (2) and implosion phase; (3) a reshocking phase; and (4) an asymptotic mixing phase. The flowfield was azimuthally averaged to evaluate the mean and r.m.s. fluctuation profiles across the mixing layer. The vorticity decayed due to a cascade process. This caused the corresponding enstrophy parameter to increase linearly with time -- in agreement with homogeneous turbulence calculations of G.K. Batchelor.

  19. FTIR and Raman microspectroscopy of normal, benign, and malignant formalin-fixed ovarian tissues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishna, C Murali; Sockalingum, G D; Bhat, Rani A; Venteo, L; Kushtagi, Pralhad; Pluot, M; Manfait, M

    2007-03-01

    Ovarian cancer is the sixth most common cancer among women worldwide, and mortality rates from this cancer are higher than for other gynecological cancers. This is attributed to a lack of reliable screening methods and the inadequacy of treatment modalities for the advanced stages of the disease. FTIR and Raman spectroscopic studies of formalin-fixed normal, benign, and malignant ovarian tissues have been undertaken in order to investigate and attempt to understand the underlying biochemical changes associated with the disease, and to explore the feasibility of discriminating between these different tissue types. Raman spectra of normal tissues indicate the dominance of proteins and lower contents of DNA and lipids compared to malignant tissues. Among the pathological tissues studied, spectra from benign tissues seem to contain more proteins and less DNA and lipids compared to malignant tissue spectra. FTIR studies corroborate these findings. FTIR and Raman spectra of both normal and benign tissues showed more similarities than those of malignant tissues. Cluster analysis of first-derivative Raman spectra in the 700-1700 cm(-1) range gave two clear groups, one corresponding to malignant and the other to normal+benign tissues. At a lower heterogeneity level, the normal+benign cluster gave three nonoverlapping subclusters, one corresponding to normal and two for benign tissues. Cluster analysis of second-derivative FTIR spectra in the combined spectral regions of 1540-1680 and 1720-1780 cm(-1) resulted into two clear clusters corresponding to malignant and normal+benign tissues. The cluster corresponding to normal+benign tissues produced nonoverlapping subclusters for normal and benign tissues at a lower heterogeneity level. The findings of this study demonstrate the feasibility of Raman and FTIR microspectroscopic discrimination of formalin-fixed normal, benign, and malignant ovarian tissues.

  20. Optimal Mixing Evolutionary Algorithms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Thierens (Dirk); P.A.N. Bosman (Peter); N. Krasnogor

    2011-01-01

    htmlabstractA key search mechanism in Evolutionary Algorithms is the mixing or juxtaposing of partial solutions present in the parent solutions. In this paper we look at the efficiency of mixing in genetic algorithms (GAs) and estimation-of-distribution algorithms (EDAs). We compute the mixing

  1. Mixed methods research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halcomb, Elizabeth; Hickman, Louise

    2015-04-08

    Mixed methods research involves the use of qualitative and quantitative data in a single research project. It represents an alternative methodological approach, combining qualitative and quantitative research approaches, which enables nurse researchers to explore complex phenomena in detail. This article provides a practical overview of mixed methods research and its application in nursing, to guide the novice researcher considering a mixed methods research project.

  2. ENVIROMENTALLY BENIGN MITIGATION OF MICROBIOLOGICALLY INFLUENCED CORROSION (MIC)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J. Robert Paterek; Gemma Husmillo; Amrutha Daram; Vesna Trbovic

    2003-10-31

    The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmentally benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is to develop one or more environmentally benign (a.k.a. ''green'') products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. The technical approach for this quarter includes the application of the method of fractionation of the extracts by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC); determination of antimicrobial activities of the new extracts and fractions using a growth inhibition assay, and evaluation of the extracts' ability to inhibit biofilm formation. We initiated the delivery system for these new biocides in the test cell and in mixtures of foam components and biocides/anti-biofilms. A total of 51 fractions collected by HPLC from crude extracts that were obtained from three varieties of Capsicum sp. (Serrano, Habanero, Chile de Arbol) were subjected to growth inhibition tests against two SRB strains, D. vulgaris and D. desulfuricans. Five fractions showed growth inhibition against both strains while seven inhibited D. desulfuricans only. The crude extracts did not show growth inhibition on both strains but were proven to be potent in preventing the formation of biofilm. Growth inhibition tests of the same set of crude extracts against Comamonas denitrificans did not show positive results. The fractions will be subjected to biofilm inhibition and dissociation assay as well. The delivery system to be evaluated first was foam. The ''foam pig'' components of surfactants and water were tested with the biocide addition. The first chemical and physical parameters to be tested were pH and surfactants. Tests using the fractionated pepper extracts are progressing rapidly. Gas chromatographic analysis

  3. Mixing of solids in different mixing devices

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    as devices for powder mixing, are tested as well as Turbula and V-shaped drum mixer, since those devices .... 1679·90. 13 force on the particles exceeds the pull of gravity), its working capacity is about 50% to 60% of volume. ... In solid/solid mixing the unit is usually vertical with the flow being by gravity only. The material is ...

  4. Mixing and compaction temperatures for Superpave mixes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Yetkin

    According to Superpave mixture design, gyratory specimens are mixed and compacted at equiviscous binder temperatures corresponding to viscosities of 0.17 and 0.28 Pa.s. respectively. These were the values previously used in the Marshal mix design method to determine optimal mixing and compaction temperatures. In order to estimate the appropriate mixing and compaction temperatures for Superpave mixture design, a temperature-viscosity relationship for the binder needs to be developed (ASTM D 2493, Calculation of Mixing and Compaction Temperatures). The current approach is simple and provides reasonable temperatures for unmodified binders. However, some modified binders have exhibited unreasonably high temperatures for mixing and compaction using this technique. These high temperatures can result in construction problems, damage of asphalt, and production of fumes. Heating asphalt binder to very high temperatures during construction oxidizes the binder and separates the polymer from asphalt binder. It is known that polymer modified asphalt binders have many benefits to the roads, such as; increasing rutting resistance, enhancing low temperature cracking resistance, improving traction, better adhesion and cohesion, elevating tensile strength which are directly related to the service life of the pavement. Therefore, oxidation and separation of the polymer from the asphalt binder results in reduction of the service life. ASTM D 2493 was established for unmodified asphalt binders which are Newtonian fluids at high temperatures. For these materials, viscosity does not depend on shear rate. However, most of the modified asphalt binders exhibit a phenomenon known as pseudoplasticity, where viscosity does depend on shear rate. Thus, at the high shear rates occurring during mixing and compaction, it is not necessary to go to very high temperatures. This research was undertaken to determine the shear rate during compaction such that the effect of this parameter could be

  5. Benign essential blepharospasm: risk factors with reference to hemifacial spasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Tyler A; McGwin, Gerald; Searcey, Karen; Xie, Aiyuan; Hupp, Saunders L; Owsley, Cynthia; Kline, Lanning B

    2005-12-01

    To identify risk factors associated with benign essential blepharospasm (BEB) with reference to hemifacial spasm (HFS). Persons with BEB and HFS experience similar physical symptoms, yet the two disorders have different etiologies. Patients with BEB (n = 159) or HFS (n = 91) were identified from two large neuro-ophthalmology clinics. Demographic, medical, behavioral, and psychological characteristics were obtained from chart review and a telephonic survey questionnaire. The average age of BEB and HFS was 66 years. Most patients in both groups were retired, white, and female. BEB patients were more than two times as likely to meet the diagnostic criteria for generalized anxiety disorder than HFS patients (odds ratio, 2.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.22-3.72). There was no difference between the two groups regarding demographics, smoking, a family history of dystonia, Parkinson disease, Bell palsy, Tourette disorder, obsessive compulsive symptoms, history of head trauma, alcohol use, or caffeine consumption. As compared to HFS, BEB was significantly more often associated with generalized anxiety disorder. Given the similarity of other clinical features of these two disorders, it is reasonable to conclude that anxiety is a cause not a consequence of BEB. Contrary to previous studies, BEB was not associated with obsessive-compulsive symptoms, head trauma, Parkinson disease, Bell palsy, Tourette disorder, or lack of smoking.

  6. Baldness, benign prostate hyperplasia, prostate cancer and androgen levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faydaci, Gökhan; Bilal, Eryildirim; Necmettin, Penpegül; Fatih, Tarhan; Asuman, Orçun; Uğur, Kuyumcuoğlu

    2008-12-01

    We evaluated the pattern of baldness and serum androgen levels in patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer. BPH, prostate cancer and androgenic alopecia (AA) were somehow androgen dependent and affect large population of elderly men. A total of 152 patients, 108 patients with BPH and 44 patients with prostate cancer were included in the study. We measured serum total, free and bioavailable testosterone, FSH, LH, prolactin, estradiol, albumin and SHBG levels. Baldness classification was based on Norwood's classification and we categorised baldness as vertex and frontal baldness. The frequency of AA in BPH and prostate cancer groups were not different. We looked for some correlation between the two groups with respect to AA and hormone levels. We did not find any correlation between AA and total testosterone, free testosterone, bioavailable testosterone or SHBG levels in both groups. This prospective study with selected small group of patients showed that there is no difference of male pattern baldness in BPH and prostate cancer patients and also there is no correlation between pattern of baldness and serum androgen levels.

  7. Combined tamoxifen-lynestrenol treatment in benign breast disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cupceancu, B

    1985-01-01

    In order to avoid secondary induction of estrogens caused by tamoxifen treatment, tamoxifen was associated with the progestative lynestrenol in 48 menstrual women with benign breast disease (adenoma or fibroadenoma, cystic, simple or complex dysplasia). In one variant tamoxifen dosage was 20 mg (2 tablets) daily taken orally from day 5 to day 25 of the menstrual cycle, associated with 10 mg (2 tablets) of lynestrenol daily, only during the last 15 days. In another variant the above mentioned drugs were given concomitantly from day 10 to 15 of the cycle (according to cycle length) for 10 days. The average duration of the treatment was 4 cycles. The results are analysed according to surface percentage reduction of the main and associated lesions within the same case. In all cases of simple dysplasia, in 78% of the cases with complex dysplasia and in 54% of the adenomas, the lesions decreased to less than half their initial size, and in some instances the lesions disappeared altogether and the breasts became normally soft. Breast pain was improved or disappeared altogether in 96% of the cases. Despite its positive results the associated treatment used should be applied only in certain cases, especially those diagnozed as complex dysplasia and only in those medical units that have adequate diagnosis and treatment follow-up facilities.

  8. [Transvesical radiofrequency needle ablation on prostatic benign hyperplasia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arustamov, D L; Mukhtarov, Sh T; Arustamov, L D

    2000-01-01

    Transurethral needle ablation (TUNA) of the prostate is an effective method of thermal treatment of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Suprapubic transvesical access was used in order to extend indications for interstitial application of radiofrequency energy. Transvesical needle ablation (TVNA) was performed in 89 patients with BPH under conditions of chronic ischuria or in the presence of a suprapubic cystostoma. A cystoscope with an attachment for fixation and insertion of a needle electrode into prostatic tissue is inserted into the bladder through a newly created or adapted suprapubic access. The position of the needle is monitored by transurethral sonography. The ablation protocol is virtually the same as transurethral. Spontaneous urination normalized in 63 (70.8%) patients within 12 months. I-PSS, Qol, Qmax, RU, and PQmax improved. The prostate volume decreased by 1-.5%. TVNA is more effective than TUNA as a less invasive method which allows interventions under local anesthesia; there are virtually no contraindications to the use of TVNA and in many patients it can be performed in an outpatient setting.

  9. Surgical therapy for benign prostatic hypertrophy/bladder outflow obstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikesh Thiruchelvam

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP with endoscopic electrocautery remains the gold standard surgical technique for benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH by which all new procedures are compared. We reviewed the current literature, and international urological guidelines and consensus opinion on various surgical options for BPH and present a brief overview of alternative techniques including bipolar TURP, transurethral incision of the prostate, transurethral vaporization of the prostate, laser prostatectomy (with holmium, thulium and potassium titanyl phosphate greenlight lasers and open prostatectomy (with mention of new techniques including laparoscopic and robotic prostatectomy. Emerging, experimental and less established techniques are also described including endoscopic heat generation (transurethral microwave thermotherapy, radiofrequency transurethral needle ablation of the prostate, high intensity focused ultrasound, hot water induced thermotherapy, pulsed electromagnetic radiofrequency, injection therapy (transurethral ethanol ablation and botulinum toxin and mechanical devices (intraprostatic stents and urethral lift devices. Despite a plethora of surgical options, none have realistically improved outcomes in the long-term compared with TURP. Improvements have been made on improving surgical morbidity and time in hospital. Questions remain in this area, including what specific elements of bladder outflow obstruction (BOO result in damage to the urinary tract, how does BPH contribute to BOO and how much prostate volume reduction is necessary to relieve BOO or lower urinary tract symptoms. Given these unanswered questions and the multitude of procedures available, it is clear that appropriate counselling is necessary in all men who undergo BPH surgery.

  10. Combination therapy in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Tršinar

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: The purpose of observational program of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS because of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH (LUTS/BPH was to acquire additional pharmaco-epidemiological data on the safety and efficacy of combination therapy with finasteride and tamsulosin.Methods: Observational program of men with BPH was conducted in urological outpatient clinics in Slovenia from April 2004 until November 2005. In open-label, non-interventional program 1173 patients were observed, who had been treated because of LUTS/BPH with combination therapy with finasteride and tamsulosin, in the framework of common treatment. At baseline and after six months of treatment for each patient the International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS questionnaire and assessment of quality of life (QL were filled in. In addition, urinary flow rate and prostate volume were determined. Adverse effects of drugs were reported spontaneously. For statistical analysis the Student’s t-test was performed.Results: Combination therapy with finasteride and tamsulosin was well tolerated. 89 (7.6 % patients discontinued with medication because of lack of efficacy or because of adverse effects of drugs. Symptom score, assessment of quality of patients’ lives and volume of prostates were significantly lower (p < 0.0001, while urinary flow rate was significantly higher (p < 0.0001 after six months of treatment with finasteride and tamsulosin.Conclusions: Combination therapy of patients with LUTS/BPH with finasteride and tamsulosin is effective and safe.

  11. Pterygium: degeneration, exuberant wound healing or benign neoplasm?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurbuanto Tradjutrisno

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Pterygium is a condition characterized by the encroachment of a fleshy triangle of conjunctival tissue into the cornea. Despite various studies, the pathogenesis of pterygium remains unclear. Chronic exposure to sun is the only factor of which the role has been clearly documented by epidemiologic and in vitro studies. Recent studies have provided data such as loss of heterozygosity and microsatellite instability, decreased apoptosis, increased growth factors, increased p53 expression, telomerase activity, and presence of oncogenic viruses, which support the concept that pterygia can be considered a neoplastic condition. Some of results are contradictory and some features were only found in a proportion of pterygia; this may be due to differences in methodology and study population, but may also be indicative of multiple causative factors. This implies that the pterygium should be viewed as a final common outcome of various etiological factors, such as geography and ethnicity, with ultraviolet radiation-induced damage as the main factor. Thus the pterygium remains an enigma, having the features of an exuberant growth but also those of a benign neoplasm. In this connection there is a need for a unifying theory capable of explaining all of the characteristics of the pterygium.

  12. Pterygium: degeneration, exuberant wound healing or benign neoplasm?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurbuanto Tradjutrisno

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Pterygium is a condition characterized by the encroachment of a fleshy triangle of conjunctival tissue into the cornea. Despite various studies, the pathogenesis of pterygium remains unclear. Chronic exposure to sun is the only factor of which the role has been clearly documented by epidemiologic and in vitro studies. Recent studies have provided data such as loss of heterozygosity and microsatellite instability, decreased apoptosis, increased growth factors, increased p53 expression, telomerase activity, and presence of oncogenic viruses, which support the concept that pterygia can be considered a neoplastic condition. Some of results are contradictory and some features were only found in a proportion of pterygia; this may be due to differences in methodology and study population, but may also be indicative of multiple causative factors. This implies that the pterygium should be viewed as a final common outcome of various etiological factors, such as geography and ethnicity, with ultraviolet radiation-induced damage as the main factor. Thus the pterygium remains an enigma, having the features of an exuberant growth but also those of a benign neoplasm. In this connection there is a need for a unifying theory capable of explaining all of the characteristics of the pterygium.

  13. Contact laser vaporization of the prostate for benign prostatic hypertrophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomella, Leonard G.; Lotfi, M. A.; Milam, Douglas F.; Albala, David; Reagan, Gary

    1994-05-01

    The contact laser applications for the removal of the enlarged prostate are distinctly different than the majority of non-contact Nd:YAG lasers that rely on coagulation necrosis and delayed sloughing. Contact Nd:YAG laser allows cutting, coagulation and vaporization of tissue with minimal penetration beyond the contact surface. Using the contact laser prostatectomy technique, the contact laser probe directly touches and immediately vaporizes the prostatic tissue under the probe. The net result is the immediate removal of the obstructing tissue, in a manner similar to the standard electrosurgical TURP. This immediate removal of tissue offers the patient treated with the contact laser the potential for decreased catheter time and a more rapid resolution of symptoms. Our initial experience suggests that the contact technique may be better suited for the smaller prostate gland (i.e. less than 30 gm). The contact laser may also be used for a procedure termed the `laser assisted TURP': a standard electrosurgical TURP is performed and the contact laser is used for hemostasis. Several investigators have reported non-randomized results of the contact technique with good outcomes. A prospective randomized trial of the contact laser prostatectomy vrs the electrosurgical TURP is underway. The contact laser vaporization of the prostate holds great promise for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hypertrophy: it is virtually bloodless and allows immediate visualization of the TUR defect.

  14. Distribution of mast cells in benign odontogenic tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Assis Caldas Pereira, Francisco; Gurgel, Clarissa Araújo Silva; Ramos, Eduardo Antônio Gonçalves; Vidal, Manuela Torres Andion; Pinheiro, Antônio Luiz Barbosa; Jurisic, Vladimir; Sales, Caroline Brandi Schlaepfer; Cury, Patrícia Ramos; dos Santos, Jean Nunes

    2012-04-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of mast cells in a series of odontogenic tumors. Forty-five cases of odontogenic tumors were investigated using immunohistochemistry for mast cell triptase, and differences between groups were statistically evaluated. Mast cells were present in 96% of odontogenic tumors. Mast cells present in solid ameloblastoma were observed in the tumor stroma surrounding more solid and follicular epithelial islands, with or without squamous metaplasia. The odontogenic mixoma showed few mast cells. In odontogenic tumors with a cystic structure, the mast cells were distributed throughout all areas of the lesions, mainly in keratocystic odontogenic tumor. In addition, the total density of mast cells between all odontogenic tumors showed no significant difference (p > 0.05). A greater mast cells distribution was found in keratocystic odontogenic tumor in relation to adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (p odontogenic tumor were compared to the odontogenic myxoma (p odontogenic tumor showed a higher mean of mast cells when compared with the other tumors of the sample. Mast cells values presented by syndrome keratocystic odontogenic tumor were significantly greater than those of the sporadic keratocystic odontogenic tumor that were not associated with the syndrome (p = 0.03). Mast cells are probably one of the major components of the stromal scaffold in odontogenic tumors. We found significant differences of mast cells between syndrome nonsyndrome keratocystic odontogenic tumors, although their distribution did not seem to have any influence on the biologic behavior of benign odontogenic tumors.

  15. MR imaging of benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soederlund, V. (Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Tumor Service, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Dept. of Orthopedics, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden)); Goeranson, H. (Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Tumor Service, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Dept. of Orthopedics, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden)); Bauer, H.C.F. (Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Tumor Service, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden) Dept. of Orthopedics, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden))

    1994-05-01

    In a retrospective, nonblind review of MR imaging of 15 benign peripheral nerve neoplasms in 13 patients, the signal pattern of the tumors (including contrast-enhanced images) and stage were assessed. One lesion was subcutaneous, 9 intramuscular, 2 intermuscular and 3 extracompartmental. One lesion was located to the trunk, 5 to the upper extremity and 9 to the lower. The signal on T1-weighted spin-echo images was homogeneous isointense compared to adjacent muscle in 11 lesions and in 2 slightly hyper- and in 2 slightly hypointense. T2-weighted spin-echo images, acquired in all but one examination, showed a hyperintense signal, homogeneous in 8 and centrally inhomogeneous in 6 lesions. Postcontrast T1-weighted images of 11 lesions, showed a strong signal, with an inhomogeneous enhancement in the center of the lesion similar to that obtained in T2-weighted images. In 2 cases there were signal characteristics indicating bleeding in the tumor. In one lesion both the nonenhanced and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images showed a hypointense signal in the tumor center suggestive of intramuscular myxoma. All lesions were well delineated without reactive edema. In all cases, anatomic tumor location was correctly assessed. Although the findings were not pathognomonic for neurinoma, MR imaging provided valuable information confirming the clinical and cytologic assessments. (orig.).

  16. Benign familial juvenile epilepsy in Lagotto Romagnolo dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jokinen, T S; Metsähonkala, L; Bergamasco, L; Viitmaa, R; Syrjä, P; Lohi, H; Snellman, M; Jeserevics, J; Cizinauskas, S

    2007-01-01

    Idiopathic childhood epilepsies with benign outcomes are well recognized in human medicine, but are not reported in veterinary literature. We recognized such a neurologic syndrome in Lagotto Romagnolo dogs. Twenty-five Lagotto Romagnolo puppies from 9 different litters examined because of simple or complex focal seizures and 3 adult Lagotto Romagnolo dogs exhibiting similar clinical signs were used. Clinical and diagnostic evaluations of affected dogs were conducted, including electromyography, electroencephalography, and other testing. Seizures in puppies began at 5 to 9 weeks of age and usually resolved spontaneously by 8 to 13 weeks. Those with the most severe seizures also had signs of neurologic disease between these seizures, including generalized ataxia and hypermetria. There were no abnormalities in routine laboratory screenings of blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid. Electromyography, brainstem auditory-evoked potentials, and magnetic resonance imaging revealed no specific and consistent abnormalities. Fourteen of 16 (87.5%) affected puppies and 2 of 3 (67%) adult dogs revealed epileptiform activity in the electroencephalogram. Histopathologic examination in 1 puppy and 1 adult dog revealed lesions of Purkinje cell inclusions and vacuolation of their axons restricted to the cerebellum. Pedigree analysis suggests an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. This disorder, with simple or complex focal seizures and cerebellar lesions, represents a newly recognized epileptic syndrome in dogs.

  17. Cognitive Findings in Benign Childhood Epilepsy with Occipital Paroxysms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebru Kolsal

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cognitive and visual perceptive functions in children with childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms (CEOP. Material and Method: Hospital charts of children ages 1 to 18 years who admitted to pediatric neurology out-patient clinic between 2009 and 2010 were reviewed. Twenty one children with a diagnosis of CEOP were identified. Sixteen of these children who accepted to include the study were evaluated with neuropsychological tests. Results: Two of five patients who were evaluated with Denver developmental screening test were found to have lower scores than their reference standards. Remaining 11 patients were evaluated with Wechsler Scales of Intelligence tests, 4 were mildly mental retarded and 1 had null intelligence. Eleven patients were also evaluated with Bender Gestalt Visual Motor Test and 7of them had disturbances in visual perception. Reading speed and writing norm tests were applied to 9 literate patients and 7 of them showed slower reading ability and writing ability was found worse in 6 patients. Discussion: The absence of neurological and neuropsylogical deficits has long been considered as a prerequisite for diagnosis of benign childhood partial epilepsies. However, only a few studies describing the cognitive profile of patients with CEOP have been published. The present study has demonstrated that the patients with CEOP had varying degree of cognitive dysfunction and disturbance in visual perception. In order to provide appropriate intervention, cognitive functions should be assessed in children with CEOP.

  18. Metabolic syndrome and benign prostatic hyperplasia: An update

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ho-Yin Ngai

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Metabolic syndrome (MetS is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities related to central adiposity and insulin resistance. Its importance is increasingly recognized as it associates with increased risks of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. These metabolic aberrations of MetS may lead to development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS in men. A 26.5%–55.6% prevalence of MetS in men with LUTS was reported in worldwide studies. Although the exact biological pathway is not clear yet, insulin resistance, increased visceral adiposity, sex hormone alterations and cellular inflammatory reactions played significant roles in the related pathophysiological processes. Clinician should recognize the cardiovascular and metabolic impacts of MetS in men with LUTS, early risk factors optimization and use of appropriate medical therapy may possibly alter or slower the progression of LUTS/BPH, and potentially avoid unnecessary morbidities and mortalities from cardiovascular and metabolic diseases for those men.

  19. Fibronectin Pattern in Benign Hyperplasia and Cancer of the Prostate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslava M. Janković

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Fibronectin (FN is a multifunctional glycoprotein involved in cell-matrix interactions. It exhibits a complex pattern of forms differing in respect to aminoacid and oligosaccharide composition. In this study we examined glycobiochemical and functional properties of the FN in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH and prostatic cancer (PCa, attempting to resolve disease-related differences. Two BPH sera pools and three PCa sera pools were used as the FN source. The affinity-purified molecule was characterized by SDS-PAGE, immuno- and lectin blot, lectin-affinity chromatography and adhesion assay. BPH FN existed as intact molecule, giving the main immunoreactive band at 220 kDa. In contrast, PCa FN comprised three main immunoreactive fragments of 140, 110 and 90 kDa. As for glycosylation the ratio of altogether lectin-reactive PCa FN was different from that of BPH FN manifested as a decrease of Con A- and an increase of LCA-reactive moieties. Fibroblasts adhered to both FN preparations in a concentration dependent manner, but with a significantly lower efficiency to PCa FN. The results obtained showing distinct structural characteristics of PCa FN compared to BPH FN could be important for modulation of its ligand and recognition properties expressed as gain or loss of functions or as specific markers of its origin.

  20. Clinical research of benign infantile convulsions with mild gastroenteritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-bing LI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Cases of benign infantile convulsions with mild gastroenteritis (BICE treated in our hospital from 2008 to 2012 were analyzed retrospectively. Among the 65 cases of convulsions with acute diarrhea, there were 18 cases of BICE, 15 cases of febrile seizures, 13 cases of epilepsy, 6 cases of viral encephalitis, 6 cases of hyponatremia encephalopathy, 3 cases of hypernatremia encephalopathy, 2 cases of toxic encephalopathy, and 2 cases of hypocalcemia convulsion. The convulsion occurred mostly during the first 2 d of the illness and was in a generalized tonic or tonic-clonic form. Positive rotavirus antigens in the BICE patients were detected in 83.33% (15/18. Phenobarbital was administered after the first convulsion (5-10 mg/kg, and diazepam was given intravenously in case of recurrence (0.10-0.30 mg/kg. BICE occurs frequently in infantile and controlling relapse is the main purpose. The prognosis is good. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2014.03.019

  1. The semiology of benign focal epilepsy with affective symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nascimento, Fábio A; Sotero de Menezes, Márcio A; Simão, Cristiane A; Takeshita, Bruno T; Blattes da Rocha, Samanta F; Kowacs, Pedro A

    2017-06-01

    Benign focal epilepsy with affective symptoms (BFEAS) is a rare childhood epilepsy syndrome essentially characterized by "epileptic attacks with affective symptoms of a terrifying type". Since the original description, approximately 50 cases have been reported. To our knowledge, however, none of the studies included video-EEG data. Herein, we detail the electroclinical features of a neurodevelopmentally normal 9-year-old boy with epilepsy since the age of 2 years. His seizure semiology essentially consisted of nocturnal focal seizures featuring abrupt fear and autonomic phenomena (such as excessive sweating, repeated swallowing, and coughing), associated with impaired consciousness. These seizures were often secondary generalized, and he had multiple episodes of convulsive status epilepticus. He has been seizure-free for the past year and a half on dual antiepileptic therapy with sulthiamine and valproate. His intellectual and social abilities are excellent (IQ of 116), although he does have difficulties particularly in language learning, and was recently diagnosed with phonological dyslexia with dysorthography. By presenting our patient's history and video-EEG, we intend to further detail the semiology of seizures with affective symptomatology. [Published with video sequence on www.epilepticdisorders.com].

  2. Basics of Radiation Biology When Treating Hyperproliferative Benign Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franz Rödel

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available For decades, low- and moderate-dose radiation therapy (RT has been shown to exert a beneficial therapeutic effect in a multitude of non-malignant conditions including painful degenerative muscoloskeletal and hyperproliferative disorders. Dupuytren and Ledderhose diseases are benign fibroproliferative diseases of the hand/foot with fibrotic nodules and fascial cords, which determine debilitating contractures and deformities of fingers/toes, while keloids are exuberant scar formations following burn damage, surgery, and trauma. Although RT has become an established and effective option in the management of these diseases, experimental studies to illustrate cellular composites and factors involved remain to be elucidated. More recent findings, however, indicate the involvement of radiation-sensitive targets like mitotic fibroblasts/myofibroblasts as well as inflammatory cells. Radiation-related molecular mechanisms affecting these target cells include the production of free radicals to hamper proliferative activity and interference with growth factors and cytokines. Moreover, an impairment of activated immune cells involved in both myofibroblast proliferative and inflammatory processes may further contribute to the clinical effects. We here aim at briefly describing mechanisms contributing to a modulation of proliferative and inflammatory processes and to summarize current concepts of treating hyperproliferative diseases by low and moderate doses of ionizing radiation.

  3. Invasive lobular carcinoma co-existing with benign phylloides tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Shrestha

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Phylloides tumor constitutes less than 1% of all breast tumors and 2 - 3% of fibroepithelial breast tumors. Several histological parameters should be evaluated, including stromal cellularity, atypia, mitoses, stromal overgrowth, infiltrative borders, and presence or absence of necrosis. Here we report a case of a 60 years- old female who presented with left breast lump. Fine needle aspiration cytology was done which suggested epithelial hyperplasia with fibrocystic changes. Biopsy was performed which showed predominance of stromal hypercellularity with proliferation of spindle cells (no atypia, mitosis and stromal overgrowth were noticed. However, a focus showed proliferation of discohesive tumor cells arranged singly and in single file. A diagnosis of benign phylloides tumor with foci of invasive lobular carcinoma was made. The diagnosis was confirmed with IHC which showed intense 80%positivity for estrogen and progesterone receptor and spindle cells showing positivity for bcl-2. In situ lobular carcinoma component was not observed. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v4i7.10321   Journal of Pathology of Nepal (2014 Vol. 4, 597-599

  4. Systematic approach to benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angeli, Simon I; Hawley, Rose; Gomez, Orlando

    2003-05-01

    We evaluated the effectiveness of a management approach that combines the canalith repositioning maneuver (CRM) and vestibular rehabilitation (VR) in the treatment of benign positional paroxysmal vertigo (BPPV) in elderly persons. Forty-seven patients (>/=70 years old) with the diagnosis of unilateral posterior semicircular canal BPPV formed the study population. This study has 2 parts. In the first part, patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups: the CRM and avoidance (no treatment). Patients were evaluated 1 month after the first visit. Those patients not responding to treatment were enrolled in the second part of the study, treated with an individualized combination of CRM and VR, and then reevaluated 3 months later. Statistically significant improvement of vertigo and provoked nystagmus in 64% of patients in the CRM group compared with the no-treatment group. After the addition of VR, 77% of all patients improved. A combination of CRM and VR improves BPPV in the elderly. These findings suggest that although CRM is more effective than no treatment, VR can be added to improve the results in the treatment of BPPV.

  5. Evaluation of Amelotin Expression in Benign Odontogenic Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiana Paula Stolf

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Amelotin (AMTN is highly and selectively expressed by odontogenic epithelium-derived ameloblasts throughout the maturation stage of enamel formation. The protein is secreted and concentrated at the basal lamina interface between ameloblasts and the mineralized enamel matrix. Odontogenic tumors (OT are characterized by morphological resemblance to the developing tooth germ. OT vary from slowly expanding, encapsulated tumors to locally aggressive and destructive lesions. The purpose of this study was to determine the expression profile of AMTN in benign odontogenic tumors and to correlate it with specific features of the lesions. Methods: Immunohistochemical staining for AMTN was performed on human ameloblastoma, ameloblastic fibroma (AF, ameloblastic fibro-odontoma (AFO, odontoma, adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT and calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT. Results: Generally, ameloblastoma and AF did not stain for AMTN. A strong signal was detected in ameloblast-like layers of AFO and odontoma. Epithelial cells in AOT did not stain for AMTN, while calcifying areas of extracellular eosinophilic matrix were intensely stained. Interestingly, ghost cells present in odontomas and CCOT revealed variable staining, again in association with calcification foci. Conclusions: Amelotin expression was consistently detected in tumors presenting differentiated ameloblasts and obvious matrix deposition. Additionally, the presence of the protein in the eosinophilic matrix and small mineralized foci of AOT and calcification areas of ghost cells may suggest a role for AMTN in the control of mineralization events. [J Interdiscipl Histopathol 2013; 1(5.000: 236-245

  6. [Recent progress on diagnosis and treatment of benign symmetric lipomatosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kan, Yingnan; Yao, Ping; Xin, Weihong; Chen, Qianqian; Wang, Jun; Yue, Jian; Zhu, Jiajing

    2010-02-01

    To introduce recent progress on diagnosis and treatment of benign symmetric lipomatosis (BSL). Detailed clinical data of 6 patients with BSL were reviewed and analyzed. We present a summary of the clinical symptoms, physical sign, diagnosis and therapeutic methods of BSL. And related literatures were discussed together. All of 6 patients have excessive subcutaneous fat deposit predominantly around neck. One patients had upper extremity localizations. Six patients had the complication of left ventricular diastolic function changes, glucose intolerance or diabetes mellitus, chronic hepatopathy, hyperuricemia and sleep apnea syndrome in one or more. One patients with several symptoms occur simultaneously, another one female patient was accompanied by all symptoms but chronic hepatopathy. Five male patient were alcohol abusers. Total neck lipectomy and abstinence from alcohol were performed on 5 patients. One patient refused treatment. During a follow-up of 3 months to 4 years, one patients was relapsed again, and no recurrence was seen in another 4 patients. All patho logical results were nonencapsulated fat. BSL is a lipodystrophy caused by diffuse fatty tissue, symmetry deposition in the neck and shoulder subcutaneous fascia space or deep fascial space. The highest incidence favors to middle-aged man who is alcoholic. Chronic alcohol addiction and typical clinical symptoms help to diagnosis BSL. Lipectomy represents a successful procedure in treating BSL.

  7. [Benign lymphoid pseudotumors of the nasal cavity and HIV infections].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kacouchia, N; N'Gattia, K V; Effi, B; Tanon-Anoh, M-J; Kouassi, M; Kouassi, B

    2006-01-01

    To return particular aspects of the benign lymphoid pseudotumor of the cavum. It is about a prospective survey on 7 years achieved in the ENT services of university hospital of Treichville (1994-1995) and of Bouaké (1996-2001). Five cases have been kept. There were 4 women and 1 man aged between 26 years and 47 years. The main reason of consultation was the hypoacousia and the nasal obstruction. A cavum tumor was founded will all the patients during cavoscopy. The tympanometry confirmed the diagnosis of otitis media with effusion. The histological operative piece exam noted a lymphoid hyperplasia. HIV serology was positive in 4 cases and negative in 1 case. The treatment consisted in surgical removal of the tumor in 1 case and in 4 cases it was associated with the grommet insertion. Three of the 4 HIV-positive patients received antiviral treatment. The evolution was good with all the patients. The lymphoid pseudotumors of the cavum must make search for a VIH infection at the young.

  8. Effects of Serenoa repens Alcohol Extract on Benign Prostate Hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saidi, Skender; Stavridis, Sotir; Stankov, Oliver; Dohcev, Sasho; Panov, Sasho

    2017-09-01

    An increasing tendency has recently emerged for the use of phytotherapeutic agents as alternative to commercial pharmacological agents for the treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Serenoa repens alcohol extract treatment on BPH patients' symptoms and major parameters during one-year follow-up. The study was performed on 70 men aged 40 - 79 years (mean 60.58) with symptomatic BPH that were divided into a group of 40 patients treated with Serenoa repens extract (SRT) and a control group of 30 patients that received no treatment and were observed only. The following parameters were determined at the time of diagnosis (baseline), and after 6 and 12 months: prostate size, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and uroflowmetry parameters including maximum flow rate (MFR), average flow rate (AFR) and post-voiding residual volume (PVRV). In addition, the relevant patient symptoms were evaluated using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) system. The patients in the SRT group showed a statistically significant increment of the average MFR and AFR values and reduction of PV relative to the control group (p40 ml in the SRE treated group vs. control group was observed (pSerenoa repens extract indicate possible efficiency of this phytotherapeutic agent in patients with BPH.

  9. Memory and phonological awareness in children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy compared to a matched control group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northcott, Ellen; Connolly, Anne M; Berroya, Anna; McIntyre, Jenny; Christie, Jane; Taylor, Alan; Bleasel, Andrew F; Lawson, John A; Bye, Ann M E

    2007-06-01

    In a previous study we demonstrated children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy have normal intelligence and language ability. However, difficulties in verbal and visual memory and aspects of phonological awareness were found compared to normative data. To address the methodological limitations related to the use of normative data, we compared the same cohort of children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy to a matched control group. Controls (n=40) matched on age and gender to the Benign Rolandic Epilepsy cohort underwent neuropsychological assessment. The life functioning of the control group was assessed using a modified version of the Quality of Life in Childhood Epilepsy Questionnaire (QOLCE). The study confirmed the previous findings of memory and phonological awareness difficulties. In addition, the children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy had significantly lower IQ scores than the matched control group. Paired sample t-tests showed that on 8 of 11 QOLCE scales, children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy were rated by parents as having poorer life functioning compared to matched controls, including lower parental ratings on the subscales of memory and language. Benign Rolandic Epilepsy has an excellent seizure prognosis, but this study further emphasizes potential cognitive difficulties. Using an age and gender matched control group, the previous findings of memory and phonological awareness difficulties were validated. These problems in cognition were also identified by parents of children with Benign Rolandic Epilepsy as problematic and impacting upon the child's quality of life.

  10. Detection of helicobacter pylori in benign laryngeal lesions by polymerase chain reaction: a cross sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izadi Farzad

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although Helicobacter Pylori (HP was detected in some cases of chronic laryngitis, the results were not confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR. By this time, it has not been found in laryngeal lesions by in house PCR, the most sensitive method for detecting the genome tracks. Regarding the previous results and also few numbers of studies about the presence of HP in benign laryngeal lesions, specifically by PCR, we aimed to investigate the presence of HP in benign laryngeal lesions by in-house PCR. Methods The samples were taken from 55 patients with benign laryngeal lesions and frozen in −20°C. One milliliter (ml of lysis buffer was added to 100 mg (mg of each sample and the tube was placed in 56°C overnight. Then DNA extraction was carried out. Results To find HP DNA, in-house PCR was performed that revealed 5 positive results among 55 patients with benign laryngeal lesions. Of them, 3 were polyp, 1 was nodule and 1 was papilloma. Conclusion Although the number of positive results was not a lot in this study, it was in contrast with previous studies which could not find any HP tracks in benign laryngeal lesions by other methods. More studies about the prevalence of HP in benign laryngeal lesions improve judging about the effect of this infection on benign laryngeal lesions.

  11. Benign cystic mesothelioma of the appendix presenting in a woman: a case report

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O' Connor, Donal B

    2010-12-03

    Abstract Introduction Benign cystic mesothelioma or peritoneal inclusion cysts are rare benign abdominal tumors usually occurring in females of reproductive age. These cysts present as abdominopelvic pain or masses but are often found on imaging or incidentally at surgery. They are commonly associated with pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or ovarian cysts. We report what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of a benign cystic mesothelioma complicating a presentation of acute appendicitis. Case Presentation A 19-year-old Irish Caucasian woman presented with abdominal pain. Imaging suggested appendicitis with abscess formation. She was treated with antibiotics and scheduled for interval appendicectomy. At laparoscopy, an unusual cystic mass was found arising from the appendix. Histology revealed benign cystic mesothelioma. Conclusion We report what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of a benign cystic mesothelioma arising from the appendix and complicating a presentation of acute appendicitis. This is a benign pathology, but recurrences are not uncommon. Benign cystic mesothelioma should be included in the differential when investigating pelvic masses or abscesses associated with either appendicitis or pelvic inflammatory disease in women.

  12. Environmentally benign synthesis of sydnone containing 1,3,4 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    TECS

    The slurry was kept inside a microwave oven (LG make – Little. Chef) operating at 160 W for about one minute. After completion of the reaction, the product was poured into cold water and allowed to stand for 15 min. The products were collected by filtration, washed with water and re-crystallized from ethanol-DMF mix- ture.

  13. Global N-acetylaspartate concentration in benign and non-benign multiple sclerosis patients of long disease duration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Achtnichts, Lutz [Departments of Neurology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4, CH-4031 Basel (Switzerland); Gonen, Oded, E-mail: oded.gonen@nyumc.org [Department of Radiology, New York University School of Medicine, 660 First Avenue, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10016 (United States); Rigotti, Daniel J.; Babb, James S. [Department of Radiology, New York University School of Medicine, 660 First Avenue, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10016 (United States); Naegelin, Yvonne [Departments of Neurology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4, CH-4031 Basel (Switzerland); Penner, Iris-Katharina; Bendfeldt, Kerstin [Department of Cognitive Psychology and Methodology, University of Basel, Missionsstrasse 60/62, 4055 Basel (Switzerland); Hirsch, Jochen; Amann, Michael; Kappos, Ludwig [Departments of Neurology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4, CH-4031 Basel (Switzerland); Gass, Achim [Departments of Neurology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Basel, Petersgraben 4, CH-4031 Basel (Switzerland); Dept. of Neurology, Universitaetsmedizin Mannheim, University of Heidelberg (Germany)

    2013-12-01

    Background and objective: To examine whether clinically benign multiple sclerosis patients (BMS) show similar losses of their global N-acetylaspartate (NAA) neuronal marker relative to more clinically disabled patients of similar disease duration. Methods: The whole-brain NAA concentration (WBNAA) was acquired with whole-head non-localizing proton MR spectroscopy. Fractional brain parenchymal volume (fBPV), T{sub 2} and T{sub 1} lesion loads, were obtained from the MRI in: (i) 24 BMS patients: 23.1 ± 7.2 years disease duration, median Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score of 2.0 (range: 0–3); (ii) 26 non-benign MS patients (non-BMS), 24.5 ± 7.4 years disease duration, median EDSS of 4.0 (range: 3.5–6.5); (iii) 15 healthy controls. Results: Controls’ 12.4 ± 2.3 mM WBNAA was significantly higher than the BMS's and non-BMS's 10.5 ± 2.4 and 9.9 ± 2.1 mM (both p < 0.02), but the difference between the patients’ groups was not (p > 0.4). Likewise, the controls’ 81.2 ± 4.5% fBPV exceeded the BMS and non-BMS's 77.0 ± 5.8% and 76.3 ± 8.6% (p < 0.03), which were also not different from one another (p > 0.7). BMS patients’ T{sub 1}-hypointense lesion load, 2.1 ± 2.2 cm{sup 3}, was not significantly different than the non-BMS's 4.1 ± 5.4 cm{sup 3} (p > 0.08) and T{sub 2}-hyperintense loads: 6.0 ± 5.7 cm{sup 3} and 8.7 ± 7.8 cm{sup 3}, were also not different (p > 0.1). Conclusions: WBNAA differentiates normal controls from MS patients but does not distinguish BMS from more disabled MS patients of similar disease duration. Nevertheless, all MS patients who remain RR for 15+ years suffered WBNAA loss similar to the average RR MS population at fourfold shorter disease duration suggesting relative global neuronal sparing or leveling-off of the neurodegeneration rate.

  14. The natural history of the benign thyroid nodule: what is the appropriate follow-up strategy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajmal, Saad; Rapoport, Sarah; Ramirez Batlle, Haiyan; Mazzaglia, Peter J

    2015-06-01

    Long-term monitoring of benign thyroid nodules is not addressed in the present American Thyroid Association guidelines. The objective of this study was to determine the appropriate nature and length of follow-up for patients with a benign thyroid nodule. A retrospective review was performed of all patients referred to single endocrine surgeon for evaluation of thyroid nodules between 2006 and 2012. The review included 263 patients who had benign fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology and either underwent thyroidectomy or had at least a 1-year follow-up ultrasound. Main outcomes measures were repeat FNA and pathology results. There were 231 women and 32 men. Forty-eight patients underwent immediate thyroidectomy, with pathology showing 2 papillary thyroid cancers (PTC), and 215 patients were followed with annual ultrasounds. During follow-up, 89 (41.3%) nodules underwent repeat FNA after initial biopsy. The repeat FNA cytology showed 91% benign, 7% follicular neoplasm, and 2% PTC. During follow-up, 81 (37.6%) patients underwent thyroidectomy after 3.3±2.8 years. Reasons for surgery included development of symptoms in 58 (71.6%), a non-benign repeat FNA in 8 (9.8%), or patient preference in 15 (18.5%). Surgical pathology identified 70 (86.4%) benign, 7 (8.6%) PTC, 3 (4%) follicular thyroid cancers, and 1 (1.2%) lymphoma. Median time from initial FNA to thyroidectomy in patients who had malignancy was 4.3 years. The maximum initial nodule size and average increase in nodule size did not differ between benign and malignant nodules (p=0.54 and p=0.75, respectively). Significant numbers of benign thyroid nodules enlarge more than 5 mm over 3 years, triggering repeat FNA or thyroidectomy. Larger diameter nodules and more rapidly growing nodules were not predictive of malignancy. The practice of annually obtaining ultrasound for benign thyroid nodules should be discouraged. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  15. Usefulness of serum CA-15.3 in the management of benign breast lesion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mondal, Hari Pada; Roy, Himanshu; Mondal, Palash; Saha, Mita; Basu, Nandita

    2012-04-01

    Benign breast lesion is an important risk factor for breast cancer and elevated CA-15.3 in serum is a well established marker of breast cancer. Core-needle biopsy is now the method of choice to sample non-palpable mammographic abnormality and as well as clinically palpable lesion. To asses relationship of serum CA-15.3 with different histologic entities of benign breast lesion and usefulness of this marker in predicting breast cancer in this high risk group, a study was conducted among 140 patients who had a diagnosis of benign breast lesion and malignancy following fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) at department of surgery, Medical College, Kolkata between 2007 and 2009. We prospectively estimated serum CA-15.3 level in all patients. Different histologic entities of benign breast lesion, who showed serum CA-15.3 level >30U/ml underwent tru-cut biopsy to detect malignancy. Of 140 patients studied, 50 were stamped as malignancy and 90 as benign after FNAC of which 20 patients had fibroadenoma, 25 had fibro-adenoma with fibrocystic disease, 20 had fibrocystic disease with epitheliosis and 25 had fibrocystic disease with atypia. All breast cancer patients and 10 each from fibro-adenoma with fibrocystic disease, fibrocystic disease with epitheliosis and fibrocystic disease with atypia had serum CA -15.3 level>30U/ml. Thirty patients with benign breast lesion who had raised CA-15.3 underwent core-needle biopsy. Fifteen patients were detected to have intraductal carcinoma, mostly with fibrocystic disease with atypia. Clinical applicability of serum CA-15.3 to detect breast cancer should be strongly considered in management of patients with benign breast lesion and tru-cut biopsy than FNAC be done before benign breast lesion being stamped as benign. Biopsy results that are not concordant with the targeted lesion require surgical biopsy.

  16. Can magnetic resonance spectroscopy differentiate malignant and benign causes of lymphadenopathy? An in-vitro approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buré, Lionel; Boucher, Louis-Martin; Blumenkrantz, Miriam; Schob, Stefan; Lafaye de Micheaux, Pierre; Reinhold, Caroline; Gallix, Benoit

    2017-01-01

    Lymphadenopathy continues to be a common problem to radiologists and treating physicians because of the difficulty in confidently categorizing a node as being benign or malignant using standard diagnostic techniques. The goal of our research was to assess whether magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy contains the necessary information to allow differentiation of benign from malignant lymph nodes in an in-vitro approach using a modern pattern recognition method. Tissue samples from a tissue bank were analyzed on a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer. A total of 69 samples were studied. The samples included a wide variety of malignant and benign etiologies. Using 45 samples, we initially created a model which was able to predict if a certain spectrum originates from benign or malignant lymph nodes using a pattern-recognition technique which takes into account the entire magnetic spectrum rather than single peaks alone. The remaining 24 samples were blindly loaded in the model to assess its performance. We obtained an excellent accuracy in differentiating benign and malignant lymphadenopathy using the model. It correctly differentiated as malignant or benign, in a blinded fashion, all of the malignant samples (13 of 13) and 10 out of the 11 benign samples. We thus showed that magnetic spectroscopy is able to differentiate benign from malignant causes of lymphadenopathy. Additional experiments were performed to verify that the differentiating abilities of our model were not due to differential tissue decay in between benign and malignant tissues. If future experiments demonstrate that a similar approach could be executed with standard MR imaging, this technique could be useful as a problem-solving tool when assessing lymphadenopathy in general. Alternatively, our in-vitro technique could also be useful to pathologists faced with indeterminate pathologies of the lymph nodes after validating our results with a larger sample size.

  17. Treatment choice for benign prostatic hyperplasia: a matter of urologist preference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoevelaar, H J; Van de Beek, C; Casparie, A F; McDonnell, J; Nijs, H G

    1999-01-01

    New treatment modalities for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) have considerably altered the decision making process in daily clinical practice. Guidelines provide a framework for treatment choice but leave much room for physician personal opinions. We identified and quantified determinants of treatment choice for BPH among urologists focusing on urologist treatment preferences. The study population consisted of 670 consecutive patients with BPH 50 years old or older newly referred to 1 of 39 urologists in a stratified sample of 13 hospitals throughout The Netherlands. Data on patient characteristics were retrieved from patient questionnaires (symptomatology, bothersomeness, sexual function), medical records (diagnostic outcomes, co-morbidity) and urologist questionnaire (initial treatment choice and main considerations for this decision). Urologist treatment preferences were inventoried using a mailed questionnaire. Polychotomous logistic regression analysis was used to study the impact of patient characteristics and urologist preferences on treatment choice. Among the patient characteristics maximum flow rate, residual urine and prostate volume were strongly associated with the probability of surgery and watchful waiting. However, the influence of urologist preferences on actual decisions was also significant. Adjusted for case mix the differences in low and high preferences revealed a 2.2 times greater probability of surgery. For alpha-blockers and finasteride these ratios were 1.8 and 9.4, respectively. An additional independent effect was seen for urologist extent of experience. The influence of urologist personal preferences on treatment choice in BPH is considerable. Given the different efficacy and side effects of the various treatments, further consensus development is needed to enhance appropriate treatment decisions and eliminate undue costs.

  18. Laparoscopic repair of a rectal fistula due to a benign ovarian dermoid cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ji Hye; Chong, Gun Oh; Chun, Da Som; Park, Soo Yeun; Lee, Yoon Hee; Hong, Dae Gy

    2017-07-01

    Ovarian dermoid cysts are one of the most common benign neoplasms in women. Rectal fistula formation due to an ovarian dermoid cyst, particularly a benign dermoid cyst, is extremely rare. A 17-year-old girl with symptoms of lower abdominal pain, passage of sebaceous materials in the stool, and hematochezia was found to have an 11-cm dermoid cyst complicated with a rectal fistula formation. Laparoscopic repair of the rectal fistula was performed successfully with bilateral ovarian cystectomies. This case presents the rare formation of a fistula between a benign dermoid cyst and the rectum and its treatment using laparoscopic repair without laparotomy.

  19. Ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy for benign non-thyroid cystic mass in the neck

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ji Hoon [Dept. of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-04-15

    Surgical excision has traditionally been the treatment of choice for benign non-thyroid cystic neck masses, including lymphatic malformation, ranula, branchial cleft cyst, thyroglossal duct cyst, and parathyroid cyst. However, there is a tendency toward recurrence after surgery, and surgery may be accompanied by complications, including nerve injuries, vascular injuries, and scar formation. Ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy using various agents has been challenged and successfully applied as an alternative treatment for benign non-thyroid cystic neck masses. This report reviews the available sclerosing agents and describes the applications of sclerotherapy to the treatment of benign cystic masses in the neck.

  20. [Benign fibro-osseous lesions of the craniofacial complex with aneurysmal bone cyst formation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geraldo, Ana Filipa; Mendes Dos Santos, Carolina; Tavares, Joana; Fernandes Sousa, Rita; Campos, Alexandre; Farias, João Paulo; Pimentel, José; Guedes Campos, Jorge

    2012-01-01

    Aneurysmal bone cyst are controversial osteolytic benign expansive lesions which occur more frequently in the metaphysis of long bones and spine. They are classified as primary or secondary lesions depending on the presence or absence of an associated bone pathology. The engraftment of aneurysmal bone cyst onto benign fibro-osseous lesions is established. However, in the craniofacial complex this combined lesion is rare.The authors present two histologically proven uncommon cases of benign fibro-osseous lesions (fibrous dysplasia and juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma) with aneurysmal bone cyst formation, emphasizing the imaging characteristics of this hybrid entities.

  1. Benign osseous and articular abnormalities of the pelvis: a review of CT imaging findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belfi, Lily M; Bartolotta, Roger J; Loftus, Michael L; Wladyka, Christopher; Hentel, Keith D

    2015-01-01

    Computed tomography (CT) has become the standard of care for evaluation and follow-up for a wide range of abdominal and pelvic pathology. Many incidental osseous and articular abnormalities of the pelvis are detected on these studies, most of which have a benign etiology. However, most of these studies are interpreted by nonmusculoskeletal radiologists, who may not be familiar with the CT appearances of these benign musculoskeletal abnormalities. Uncertainty often leads to mischaracterization or unnecessary follow-up, resulting in increased health care costs and patient anxiety. This article reviews the CT appearance of the benign musculoskeletal entities that occur in pelvis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy for benign non-thyroid cystic mass in the neck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-hoon Kim

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Surgical excision has traditionally been the treatment of choice for benign non-thyroid cystic neck masses, including lymphatic malformation, ranula, branchial cleft cyst, thyroglossal duct cyst, and parathyroid cyst. However, there is a tendency toward recurrence after surgery, and surgery may be accompanied by complications, including nerve injuries, vascular injuries, and scar formation. Ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy using various agents has been challenged and successfully applied as an alternative treatment for benign non-thyroid cystic neck masses. This report reviews the available sclerosing agents and describes the applications of sclerotherapy to the treatment of benign cystic masses in the neck.

  3. MIXED AND MIXING SYSTEMS WORLDWIDE: A PREFACE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seán Patrick Donlan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This issue of the Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal (South Africa sees thepublication of a selection of articles derived from the Third International Congress ofthe World Society of Mixed Jurisdiction Jurists (WSMJJ. That Congress was held atthe Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel in the summer of 2011. It reflected athriving Society consolidating its core scholarship on classical mixed jurisdictions(Israel, Louisiana, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Quebec, Scotland, and South Africawhile reaching to new horizons (including Cyprus, Hong Kong and Macau, Malta,Nepal, etc. This publication reflects in microcosm the complexity of contemporaryscholarship on mixed and plural legal systems. This complexity is, of course, wellunderstoodby South African jurists whose system is derived both from the dominantEuropean traditions as well as from African customary systems, including both thosethat make up part of the official law of the state as well as those non-state norms thatcontinue to be important in the daily lives of many South Africans.

  4. European mixed forests

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bravo-Oviedo, Andres; Pretzsch, Hans; Ammer, Christian

    2014-01-01

    Aim of study: We aim at (i) developing a reference definition of mixed forests in order to harmonize comparative research in mixed forests and (ii) review the research perspectives in mixed forests. Area of study: The definition is developed in Europe but can be tested worldwide. Material...... and Methods: Review of existent definitions of mixed forests based and literature review encompassing dynamics, management and economic valuation of mixed forests. Main results: A mixed forest is defined as a forest unit, excluding linear formations, where at least two tree species coexist at any...... developmental stage, sharing common resources (light, water, and/or soil nutrients). The presence of each of the component species is normally quantified as a proportion of the number of stems or of basal area, although volume, biomass or canopy cover as well as proportions by occupied stand area may be used...

  5. Outcome of Transurethral Plasmakinetic Vaporization for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdy El-Tabey

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose To assess the outcome of transurethral plasmakinetic vaporization (PKVP in the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH. Patients and methods From August 2010 to May 2012, 60 patients with obstructive LUTS due to BPH were included in the study. All patients were evaluated by International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS, general examination, digital rectal examination, PSA, routine laboratory examinations, pelvi-abdominal ultrasound, trans-rectal ultrasound, and uroflowmetry. Patients with Qmax of 8 and a prostate volume of >40 mL underwent transurethral PKVP. Results Mean age of the patients was 66.8±4.5 years. The mean times of the operation, post-operative bladder irrigation, and post-operative catheterization were 63.8±13.9 minutes, 15.2±5.7 hours, and 23.9±5.2 hours, respectively. At 3 months of follow-up, there were significant reductions in the mean IPSS from 23.4±3.5 to 9.2±3.7 (P=0.4, mean PSA from 3.03±2.2 ng/mL to 1.2±1.04 ng/mL (P value=0.02, mean post voiding residual urine from 149.8±59.5 mL to 46.9±24.1 mL (P value <0.01, and mean prostate volume from 72.8±10.3 mL to 22.7±6.1 mL (P value <0.01. Also, there was a statistically significant increase in the mean Q max. from 8.7±2.4 mL/s to 19.5±3.5 mL/s (P value <0.01. Conclusion PKVP is an effective and safe treatment option in the management of symptomatic BPH.

  6. Evolving Techniques for Surgical Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Tubaro

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The management of lower urinary tract symptoms due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH is one of the most topical areas in urology. Although most patients are adequately managed conservatively, many still require surgery to reduce bladder outlet obstruction or relieve symptoms by removing the inflamed adenomatous tissue. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP remains the gold standard treatment in all national and international guidelines, with open prostatectomy and laser enucleation reserved for patients with a prostate >80 ml. The current trend in the surgical management of BPH is threefold: replacing open prostatectomy with transurethral enucleation of the adenoma, managing high-risk patients by photoselective vaporisation of the prostate thus minimising blood loss, and moving BPH surgery to ambulatory day surgery and one-day surgery units in selected patients. Laser enucleation has been pioneered using the Holmium laser, although the GreenLightTM laser has been recently proposed as an alternative approach. The absence of any bleeding in photovaporisation of the prostate allows surgery to be performed in a growing population of patients on anti-aggregant and anticoagulant medications. Randomised trials of the GreenLight XPSTM laser with the MoXy™ fibre versus TURP proved the effectiveness of photovaporisation in the surgical management of BPH and suggested that 50% of patients could be discharged within 24 hours. The demand for BPH surgery remains high and urologists have rapidly adapted to the increasing demand for minimally invasive surgery. Prostate surgery evolved from a heroic procedure that remained in the memories of the entire patient family for life into a day-case procedure, and the future hopefully holds ejaculation-sparing surgery.

  7. Autofluorescence quantification of benign and malignant choroidal nevomelanocytic tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albertus, Daniel L; Schachar, Ira H; Zahid, Sarwar; Elner, Victor M; Demirci, Hakan; Jayasundera, Thiran

    2013-08-01

    Accurate diagnosis of choroidal melanoma is challenging and has important implications for both physicians and patients. We assessed the utility of quantification of fundus autofluorescence in the evaluation and follow-up of choroidal nevomelanocytic tumors. To assess the utility of autofluorescence quantification in distinguishing clinically diagnosed choroidal nevi, melanoma, and indeterminate nevomelanocytic lesions. A retrospective observational study from 2006 to 2012 of patients with choroidal nevomelanocytic lesions who had digital autofluorescence and color fundus imaging performed at the University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center. ImageJ software was used to output autofluorescence gray-scale values for each pixel of a 500 × 50-pixel region within each lesion and a corresponding adjacent control region. A single value was generated, termed the Index of Retinal Autofluorescence (IRA), to represent the total difference in gray-scale values between the 2 regions in each affected eye. Thirteen of the 14 clinically diagnosed nevi exhibited an IRA less than 150 gray-scale intensity squared (gsi2). Eight of 9 clinically diagnosed melanomas exhibited an IRA more than 150 gsi2. An IRA of 150 gsi2 distinguished nevi from melanomas with a sensitivity of 0.89 and specificity of 0.93. Fifteen of 19 patients with indeterminate nevomelanocytic lesions underwent clinical assessment and initial imaging with clinical follow-up at a median of 10 months. All 3 patients with an IRA less than 150 gsi2 showed no evidence of clinical progression and 6 of 12 lesions with an IRA more than 150 gsi2 showed clinical progression to melanoma. An IRA of 150 gsi2 identifies indeterminate lesions that progressed to melanoma with a sensitivity of 1.00 and specificity of 0.33. Quantification of digital autofluorescence images can differentiate between clinically benign and malignant choroidal nevomelanocytic lesions and may be predictive for clinical progression of indeterminate lesions.

  8. Saphenous vein thrombophlebitis (SVT): a deceptively benign disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, J N; Ascher, E; DePippo, P; Lorensen, E; Scheinman, M; Yorkovich, W; Hingorani, A

    1998-04-01

    The association between deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and the hypercoagulable state is a well-established entity. However, the association between saphenous vein thrombophlebitis and coagulation abnormalities has not been investigated. Although thrombosis of varicose veins typically runs a benign course, phlebitis of the saphenous system may propagate to the deep system or saphenofemoral junction that requires more aggressive therapy. Given the potential similarity in clinical outcome between saphenous vein thrombophlebitis (SVT) and DVT, we have investigated the coagulation profile of patients presenting with isolated SVT. Seventeen consecutive patients who presented to our vascular laboratory with isolated SVT had a coagulation profile performed that included antithrombin III (AT III), protein C (PC), protein S (PS) antigen and activity levels, activated protein C (APC) resistance, factor V DNA mutation, and coagulation factors II and X. All patients had duplex scans performed on both the superficial and deep venous systems. Patients with SVT only were treated with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and warm soaks as outpatients, whereas those patients found to have DVT or a clot at the saphenofemoral junction were fully anticoagulated with heparin and coumadin therapy. All 17 patients had at least one repeat coagulation profile performed up to 5 months after their SVT occurrence to ensure that the results of hypercoagulability were not transient. Ten (59%) of the 17 patients with SVT had abnormal coagulation profiles on initial presentation. All 10 patients who were hypercoagulable had repeat tests and 6 (35%) remained abnormal. Four patients who had abnormal results converted to normal values. Seven patients with normal coagulation profiles on initial presentation had repeat tests and all remained normal. The incidence of the hypercoagulable state in patients with SVT is high. Thirty-five percent of patients with isolated SVT had consistently abnormal

  9. Prostaglandin F2 alpha in benign and malignant breast tumours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vergote, I B; Laekeman, G M; Keersmaekers, G H; Uyttenbroeck, F L; Vanderheyden, J S; Albertyn, G P; Haensch, C F; De Roy, G J; Herman, A G

    1985-06-01

    Prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) was determined by radioimmunoassay in 57 breast carcinomata, 16 fibroadenomata, and 33 sclero-cystic-disease (SCD) specimens. In 41 cases of carcinoma and 10 cases of fibroadenoma, histologically non-malignant tissue was also obtained from the same breast. PGF2 alpha levels were significantly elevated in breast cancer when compared with the normal tissues and benign diseases (P less than 0.005 for each group). High PGF2 alpha levels were positively correlated with differentiation, positive oestrogen and progestagen receptor status, and low mitotic index. Tumours with good prognosis (less than 20 mm, negative lymph nodes, some degree of differentiation) showed significantly higher PGF2 alpha levels than tumours with a bad prognosis (greater than 20 mm, positive nodes and undifferentiated). A tendency for elevated PGF2 alpha levels was observed with negative lymphatic permeation, postmenopausal status, low grade of nuclear and cellular polymorphism and high degree of elastosis and fibrosis. No correlation was observed between PGF2 alpha levels and host-cell reaction. Plasma levels of 15-keto-13, 14-dihydro-PGF2 alpha were not elevated in cancer patients when compared with the SCD-group. The present study demonstrates that PGF2 alpha levels are high in tumours with good prognosis. However, since other authors have suggested that a high PGE2 production is a bad prognostic index, it is possible that conversion of PGE2 to PGF2 alpha by 9-keto-reductase explains this relationship. Nevertheless, the presented results question the unrestricted use of prostaglandin-synthesis-inhibitors in the treatment of breast cancer.

  10. [Benign proliferative breast disease with and without atypia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coutant, C; Canlorbe, G; Bendifallah, S; Beltjens, F

    2015-12-01

    In the last few years, diagnostics of high-risk breast lesions (atypical ductal hyperplasia [ADH], flat epithelial atypia [FEA], lobular neoplasia: atypical lobular hyperplasia [ALH], lobular carcinoma in situ [LCIS], radial scar [RS], usual ductal hyperplasia [UDH], adenosis, sclerosing adenosis [SA], papillary breast lesions, mucocele-like lesion [MLL]) have increased with the growing number of breast percutaneous biopsies. The management of these lesions is highly conditioned by the enlarged risk of breast cancer combined with either an increased probability of finding cancer after surgery, either a possible malignant transformation (in situ or invasive cancer), or an increased probability of developing cancer on the long range. An overview of the literature reports grade C recommendations concerning the management and follow-up of these lesions: in case of ADH, FEA, ALH, LCIS, RS, MLL with atypia, diagnosed on percutaneous biopsies: surgical excision is recommended; in case of a diagnostic based on vacuum-assisted core biopsy with complete disappearance of radiological signal for FEA or RS without atypia: surgical abstention is a valid alternative approved by multidisciplinary meeting. In case of ALH (incidental finding) associated with benign lesion responsible of radiological signal: abstention may be proposed; in case of UDH, adenosis, MLL without atypia, diagnosed on percutaneous biopsies: the concordance of radiology and histopathology findings must be ensured. No data is available to recommend surgery; in case of non-in sano resection for ADH, FEA, ALH, LCIS (except pleomorphic type), RS, MLL: surgery does not seem to be necessary; in case of previous ADH, ALH, LCIS: a specific follow-up is recommended in accordance with HAS's recommendations. In case of FEA and RS or MLL combined with atypia, little data are yet available to differ the management from others lesions with atypia; in case of UDH, usual sclerosing adenosis, RS without atypia, fibro cystic

  11. Finasteride Reduces the Risk of Incident Clinical Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, J. Kellogg; Schenk, Jeannette M.; Arnold, Kathryn B.; Messer, Karen; Till, Cathee; Thompson, Ian M.; Kristal, Alan R.

    2014-01-01

    Background Despite the high prevalence of clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) among older men, there remains a notable absence of studies focused on BPH prevention. Objective To determine if finasteride prevents incident clinical BPH in healthy older men. Design, setting, and participants Data for this study are from the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial. After excluding those with a history of BPH diagnosis or treatment, or an International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥8 at study entry, 9253 men were available for analysis. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis The primary outcome was incident clinical BPH, defined as the initiation of medical treatment, surgery, or sustained, clinically significant urinary symptoms (IPSS >14). Finasteride efficacy was estimated using Cox proportional regression models to generate hazards ratios (HRs). Results and limitations Mean length of follow-up was 5.3 yr. The rate of clinical BPH was 19 per 1000 person-years in the placebo arm and 11 per 1000 person-years in the finasteride arm (p finasteride reduced the risk of incident clinical BPH by 40% (HR: 0.60; 95% confidence interval, 0.51–0.69; p finasteride on incident clinical BPH was attenuated in men with a body mass index ≥30 kg/m2 (pinteraction = 0.04) but otherwise did not differ significantly by physical activity, age, race, current diabetes, or current smoking. The post hoc nature of the analysis is a potential study limitation. Conclusions Finasteride substantially reduces the risk of incident clinical BPH in healthy older men. These results should be considered in formulating recommendations for the use of finasteride to prevent prostate diseases in asymptomatic older men. PMID:22459892

  12. Metallothionein immunoexpression in selected benign epithelial odontogenic tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johann, Aline Cristina Batista Rodrigues; Caldeira, Patrícia Carlos; Souto, Giovanna Ribeiro; de Abreu, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães; Aguiar, Maria Cássia Ferreira; Mesquita, Ricardo Alves

    2014-03-01

    Odontogenic tumors exhibited variable biologica behaviors. Metallothionein (MT) is correlated with the cellular homeostasis of essential metals, cellular differentiation, and proliferation. The core goals of this study are (i) to report and to compare MT expression among benign epithelial odontogenic tumors; (ii) to correlate MT with cellular proliferation index; and (iii) to evaluate the influence of the inflammatory infiltrate on MT expression. Ten cases of solid ameloblastomas (SABs), 4 squamous odontogenic tumors (SOTs), 5 adenomatoid odontogenic tumors (AOTs), and 3 calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumors (CEOTs) were subjected to immunohistochemical to anti-MT, anti-Ki-67, and anti-PCNA. Statistical analysis was performed using BioEstat(®) 4.0. Metallothionein staining was found to be the highest in the SABs (93.1%), followed by SOTs (52.9%), AOTs (38.4%), and CEOTs (0%). MT staining exhibited statistically significant differences between the SABs and the SOTs (P = 0.0047) and the AOTs (P = 0.0022). A weak-to-strong positive correlation between IMT and IK or IP was observed in SABs and SOTs, whereas a strong negative correlation was observed in AOTs. No differences in IMT, IK, and IP were observed between inflammation groups A and B. The increased MT expression observed in the SABs might be correlated with clinical behavior (local invasiveness and high rate of recurrence). In the SABs and SOTs, MT plays a role in the stimulation of cellular proliferation. In contrast, MT can inhibit cellular proliferation in the AOT. The IMT, IK, and IP are not affected by inflammation. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Benign prostatic hyperplasia - progress in pathophysiology and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrek, Łukasz; Thor, Piotr Jan

    2015-11-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common disease of the aging male population, in affected individuals often accompanied by metabolic syndrome. BPH is manifested by a complex range of symptoms originating from the lower urinary tract (LUTS - lower urinary tract symptoms), including disturbances resulting from impaired bladder compliance and bladder overactivity (e.g. frequency, nocturia, urinary incontinence, dysuria) and symptoms associated with the bladder outlet obstruction (e.g. the difficulty in voiding initiating, intermittency, involuntary interruption of voiding, weak urinary stream, straining to void). Despite numerous studies, the pathogenesis of BPH remains not completely understood, and the condition awaits a comprehensive description. The current pathophysiological view emphasizes the role of hormonal dysregulation, locally released in the prostate growth factors action and a complex inflammatory, BPH-associated process with the release of a number of pro-proliferative mediators. The current BPH pharmacotherapy involves administration of α-1-blockers, 5-α-reductase inhibitors, antimuscarinic drugs (cholinolytics) and phosphodiesterase- 5-inhibitors. Progress in the BPH pathophysiology allows the disclosure of additional, potential targets of pharmacological intervention, such as β-3 adrenoreceptor or CB1 cannabinoid receptor agonists, P2X1 purinergic or ETA endothelin receptors antagonists, RhoA/Rho kinase system inhibitors, nitric oxide donors, drugs indirectly (luteinizing hormone - releasing hormone antagonists) or directly (antiandrogens) abolishing the effect of testosterone and its derivatives or agents blocking the action of proinflammatory cytokines. The article briefly discusses the pathophysiology of the aforementioned issues and the current BPH management along with the future, potential opportunities for pharmacotherapy of the. © 2015 MEDPRESS.

  14. Long-term postural abnormalities in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giacomini, Pier Giorgio; Alessandrini, Marco; Magrini, Antonio

    2002-01-01

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a disorder in which patients suffer from acute rotatory vertigo due to the presence of free otoconial debris migrating into one or more semicircular canals during head movements and resulting in abnormal stimulation of the ampullary crest. A prolonged loss of equilibrium of unclear origin is also present. Static posturography is a useful tool for the study of postural control systems and their role in these abnormalities. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of body sway and long-term instability of BPPV patients by posturography frequency analysis. Twenty patients with canalithiasis of the posterior semicircular canal and 20 normal controls were subjected to static posturography. Informed consent was obtained from all subjects. Patients were tested 1 h after diagnosis, and 3 days and 12 weeks after the characteristic Epley repositioning maneuver. Patients with BPPV showed significantly increased body sway both on lateral (X) and anteroposterior (Y) planes compared to normal subjects. Corporal oscillation with a broad-frequency spectrum was observed in both closed and open eye tests. The repositioning maneuver decreased the X plane body sway, while the anteroposterior sway was unchanged. Twelve weeks after treatment, a normalization of the anteroposterior sway was observed. Results of this study suggest that the long-term postural disturbance associated with BPPV differs from the acute disequilibrium that subsides after canalith repositioning: the former is a sagittal plane/broad spectrum body sway, while the latter is primarily a frontal plane/low frequency sway. The Epley maneuver was shown to reduce frontal sway, a postural abnormality that might therefore be linked to posterior semicircular canal function. Conversely, the observed sagittal body sway was only partially relieved by the restoration of canal function, and therefore, may be more related to the chronic dizziness observed in these

  15. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in outpatient practice: Diagnosis and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. V. Bestuzheva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dizziness is one of the common reasons for visits to physicians of various specialties; the data of foreign investigations show that benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV is most frequently encountered.Objective: to study the causes of dizziness, to analyze the frequency of BPPV and the efficiency of its treatment in outpatient practice.Patients and methods. The investigation enrolled 80 patients, including 55 (68.7% women and 25 (31.3% men, aged 18 to 75 years (mean age 53.8±12.8 years, who complained of dizziness and sought for medical advice in the Therapeutic-and-Diagnostic Unit, A.Ya. Kozhevnikov Clinic of Nervous System Diseases, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University.Results. The most common causes of dizziness in outpatient practice were BPPV (46.2% and postural phobic vertigo (35%. The diagnosis of VPPV, if special positional testing (Dix-Hallpike and McClure-Pagnini tests was carried out, was shown to create no significant difficulties. The diagnosis was not established in the majority (97.5% of the patients; effective treatment was performed in one of the patients. Combined treatment, by performing the positional tests and using betaserc for 2 months, led to complete resolution of positional vertigo in most (97.3% patients.Discussion. The findings indicate the efficiency of examining patients with complaints of dizziness, by using the special otoneurological tests to detect BPPV. The purposeful questioning of patients with BPPV can suspect this disease in the majority of cases. Our investigation shows the high efficiency of rehabilitation maneuvers for BPPV, which agrees well with the data of other authors. Physicians’ poor awareness of BPPV among physicians and the high efficiency of its treatment in outpatient practice are noted.

  16. Immunohistochemistry of lymphocytes in benign lymphoadenosis of oral mucosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, S-X; Li, Q; Yang, Y-Q; Jin, L-J; Sun, Z; Yu, S-F

    2015-06-29

    Benign lymphoadenosis of oral mucosa (BLOM) is a common oral mucosa disease and may be regarded as a precancerous lesion. However, the association between its biological behavior and lymphocyte distribution remains unclear. Therefore, to investigate the characteristics of BLOM, we studied the infiltration of lymphocytes associated with it. The expression levels of CD74, CD20, CD3, and CD45RO were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining in 14 sam-ples from BLOM, 9 samples from BLOM with atypia hyperplasia, 11 samples from BLOM with canceration, and 10 samples from normal oral mucosa tissues. The results were analyzed by two-sample t-test using SPSS 10.0 for Windows, and P oral mucosa, positive expression levels of CD3 and CD45RO were presented in the extra-lymphoid follicle, and the expres-sion levels of CD74 and CD20 were negative. In all BLOM groups, the expression level of CD20 was positive except for one case of BLOM with canceration; the expression levels of CD74 were all positive. Posi-tive expression levels of CD3 and CD45RO could be found not only in extra-lymphoid follicles but also in inner-lymphoid follicles in the BLOM groups. The expression levels of CD74 and CD20 in extra-lym-phoid follicles, and CD3 and CD45RO in inner-lymphoid follicles in BLOM were significantly higher than in BLOM with canceration. The infiltrated lymphocytes in BLOM comprise T- and B-cells. This indi-cates that the lymphoid tissue in BLOM is mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue and BLOM is a proliferative lesion.

  17. Does Dysphagia Indicate Recurrence of Benign Esophageal Strictures?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olle Ekberg

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Esophageal dilatation in dysphagic patients with benign strictures is usually considered successful if the patients' dysphagia is alleviated. However, the relation between dysphagia and the diameter of a stricture is not well understood. Moreover, the dysphagia may also be caused by an underlying esophageal motor disorder. In order to compare symptoms and objective measurements of esophageal stricture, 28 patients were studied with interview and a radiologic esophagram. The latter included swallowing of a solid bolus. All patients underwent successful balloon dilatation at least one month prior to this study. Recurrence of a stricture with a diameter of less than 13 mm was diagnosed by the barium swallow in 21 patients. Recurrence of dysphagia was seen in 15 patients. Thirteen patients denied any swallowing symptoms. Chest pain was present in 9 patients. Of 15 patients with dysphagia 2 (13% had no narrowing but severe esophageal dysmotility. Of 13 patients without dysphagia 9 (69% had a stricture with a diameter of 13 mm or less. Of 21 patients with a stricture of 13 mm or less 14 (67% were symptomatic while 7 (33% were asymptomatic. Four of 11 patients with retrosternal pain had a stricture of less than 10 mm. Three patients with retrosternal pain and obstruction had severe esophageal dysmotility. Whether or not the patients have dysphagia may be more related to diet and eating habits than to the true diameter of their esophageal narrowing. We conclude that the clinical history is non-reliable for evaluating the results of esophageal stricture dilatation. In order to get an objective measurement of therapeutic outcome, barium swallow including a solid bolus is recommended.

  18. THE RESULTS OF TREATMENT OF BENIGN PROSTATIC OBSTRUCTION WITH FINASTERIDE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Tršinar

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Finasteride is an inhibitor of 5 alpha-reductase. It prevents the conversion of testosterone intodihydrotestosterone, which results in gradual decrease in prostaticvolume. The objective of the study was to determine theimpact of finasteride on subjective and objective symptomaticimprovement in patients with benign prostatic obstruction(BPO.Patients and methods. This open prospective multicenter studyof 6-month duration included 370 men, mean age 63 years(range; 45–75 yrs, with clinical manifestations of BPO. Theenrolled patients received finasteride 5 mg/day. On the completionof therapy, the patients were assessed for symptomaticimprovement, urinary flow and prostatic volume, determinedby rectal examination and ultrasound. Total prostate-specificantigen levels in the serum were measured. At the end of thestudy, the patients were asked to evaluate the efficacy of finasteridetherapy and to report its possible adverse side-effects.Statistical analysis of the results was done using the Student ttest.Results. Of the 370 patients enrolled, 303 (82% completed the6-month study period. The rate of urinary symptoms declinedby an average of 55%, of which nocturia by 28% and difficultyin initiating the urinary stream by 74%. There was astatistically significant decrease in prostatic volume on rectalexamination (14%; p < 0.0001 and abdominal ultrasound(16%; p < 0.0037. The difference between both measurementswas statistically significant (p = 0.0037. Finasteride produceda statistically significant improvement in maximum urinaryflow rate and voiding time (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.0017,respectively. Untoward side-effects were experienced by 3.5%of the patients who had completed the 6-month period of finasteridetherapy. A the end of the study, 65% of the patientsreported notable improvement in micturition, and 76% statedthey would continue taking finasteride.Conclusion. Placing patients with urinary symptoms due toBPO on a 6-month course of

  19. A nomenclature paradigm for benign midmembranous vocal fold lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Clark A; Gartner-Schmidt, Jackie; Hathaway, Bridget; Simpson, C Blake; Postma, Gregory N; Courey, Mark; Sataloff, Robert T

    2012-06-01

    There is a significant lack of uniform agreement regarding nomenclature for benign vocal fold lesions (BVFLs). This confusion results in difficulty for clinicians communicating with their patients and with each other. In addition, BVFL research and comparison of treatment methods are hampered by the lack of a detailed and uniform BVFL nomenclature. Clinical consensus conferences were held to develop an initial BVFL nomenclature paradigm. Perceptual video analysis was performed to validate the stroboscopy component of the paradigm. The culmination of the consensus conferences and the video-perceptual analysis was used to evaluate the BVFL nomenclature paradigm using a retrospective review of patients with BVFL. An initial BVFL nomenclature paradigm was proposed utilizing detailed definitions relating to vocal fold lesion morphology, stroboscopy, response to voice therapy and intraoperative findings. Video-perceptual analysis of stroboscopy demonstrated that the proposed binary stroboscopy system used in the BVFL nomenclature paradigm was valid and widely applicable. Retrospective review of 45 patients with BVFL followed to the conclusion of treatment demonstrated that slight modifications of the initial BVFL nomenclature paradigm were required. With the modified BVFL nomenclature paradigm, 96% of the patients fit into the predicted pattern and definitions of the BVFL nomenclature system. This study has validated a multidimensional BVFL nomenclature paradigm. This vocal fold nomenclature paradigm includes nine distinct vocal fold lesions: vocal fold nodules, vocal fold polyp, pseudocyst, vocal fold cyst (subepithelial or ligament), nonspecific vocal fold lesion, vocal fold fibrous mass (subepithelial or ligament), and reactive lesion. Copyright © 2011 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.

  20. Vestibular rehabilitation in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: Reality or fiction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bressi, Federica; Vella, Paola; Casale, Manuele; Moffa, Antonio; Sabatino, Lorenzo; Lopez, Michele Antonio; Carinci, Francesco; Papalia, Rocco; Salvinelli, Fabrizio; Sterzi, Silvia

    2017-06-01

    The objective of this article is to systematically review the evidence on the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation (VR) in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Relevant published studies about VR in BPPV were searched in PubMed, Google Scholar and Ovid using various keywords. We included trials that were available in the English language and did not apply publication year or publication status restrictions. Studies based on the VR in other peripheral and/or central balance disorders are excluded. Primary outcome was the effect on vertigo attacks and balance. Of 42 identified trials, only 12 trials fulfilled our inclusion criteria and were included in this review. Three of them investigated the role of VR in patients with BPPV comparing with no treatment, two of them evaluated the efficacy of VR versus medications, seven of them have highlighted the benefits of the VR alone or in combination with canalith repositioning procedure (CRP) compared to CRP alone. The studies differed in type of intervention, type of outcome and follow-up time. VR improves balance control, promoting visual stabilization with head movements, improving vestibular-visual interaction during head movement and expanding static and dynamic posture stability. CRP and VR seem to have a synergic effect in patients with BPPV, especially in elderly patients. VR does not reduce the recurrence rate, but it seems to reduce the unpleasantness. So VR can substitute CRP when spine comorbidities contraindicate CRP and can reduce the uptake of anti-vertigo drugs post CRP. Further studies are needed to confirm these encouraging results.

  1. Various treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia: A current update

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrivastava, Alankar; Gupta, Vipin B.

    2012-01-01

    In benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) there will be a sudden impact on overall quality of life of patient. This disease occurs normally at the age of 40 or above and also is associated with sexual dysfunction. Thus, there is a need of update on current medications of this disease. The presented review provides information on medications available for BPH. Phytotherapies with some improvements in BPH are also included. Relevant articles were identified through a search of the English-language literature indexed on MEDLINE, PUBMED, Sciencedirect and the proceedings of scientific meetings. The search terms were BPH, medications for BPH, drugs for BPH, combination therapies for BPH, Phytotherapies for BPH, Ayurveda and BPH, BPH treatments in Ayurveda. Medications including watchful waitings, Alpha one adrenoreceptor blockers, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, combination therapies including tamsulosin-dutasteride, doxazosin-finasteride, terazosin-finasteride, tolterodine-tamsulosin and rofecoxib-finasteride were found. Herbal remedies such as Cernilton, Saxifraga stolonifera, Zi-Shen Pill (ZSP), Orbignya speciosa, Phellodendron amurense, Ganoderma lucidum, Serenoa Repens, pumpkin extract and Lepidium meyenii (Red Maca) have some improvements on BPH are included. Other than these discussions on Ayurvedic medications, TURP and minimally invasive therapies (MITs) are also included. Recent advancements in terms of newly synthesized molecules are also discussed. Specific alpha one adrenoreceptor blockers such as tamsulosin and alfuzosin will remain preferred choice of urologists for symptom relief. Medications with combination therapies are still needs more investigation to establish as preference in initial stage for fast symptom relief reduced prostate growth and obviously reduce need for BPH-related surgery. Due to lack of proper evidence Phytotherapies are not gaining much advantage. MITs and TURP are expensive and are rarely supported by healthcare systems. PMID:22923974

  2. Radiation therapy of benign diseases. What's new eight years after?; La radiotherapie des affections benignes: quelles indications huit ans plus tard?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Houtte, P.; Roelandts, M.; Devriendt, D. [Institut Jules-Bordet, Dept. de Radio-Oncologie, Bruxelles (Belgium); Minsat, M.; Laharie, H.; Kantor, G. [Bordeaux-2 Univ. Victor-Segalen, Dept. de Radiotherapie, Institut Bergonie, 33 - Bordeaux (France)

    2005-11-15

    The authors present an update version of the indications for radiotherapy in the management of benign diseases. This is based on available randomized trials and recent international meetings. Validated indications remain the prevention of resected heterotopic bone ossifications, keloids scars and pterygium and also treatment of arteriovenous malformations; the place of radiotherapy for malignant exophthalmia is more and more restricted. Randomized trials have demonstrated the efficacy of endo-brachytherapy in the prevention of restenosis after angioplasty but the use of embedded stent has replaced this indication. Macular degeneration is no more an indication of radiotherapy. Quality requirements for radiotherapy are identical for benign or malignant indications. (author)

  3. Generalized atrophic benign epidermolysis bullosa - Either 180-kd bullous pemphigoid antigen or laminin-5 deficiency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonkman, MF; DeJong, MCJM; Heeres, K; Steijlen, PM; Owaribe, K; Kuster, W; Meurer, M; GeddeDahl, T; Sonnenberg, A; BrucknerTuderman, L

    Background: Generalized atrophic benign epidermolysis bullosa (GABEB) is a form of nonlethal junctional epidermolysis bullosa, clinically characterized by generalized blistering after birth, atrophic healing, and incomplete universal atrophic alopecia nith onset in childhood. Recently, we discovered

  4. Skin extensibility and consistency in patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and benign joint hypermobility syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Remvig, L; Duhn, P H; Ullman, S

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The reproducibility of clinical tests for skin extensibility and consistency, essential for differentiating between types of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) and benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS), is unknown. Paraclinical methods may provide objective differential diagnostic...

  5. Characterization of Benign Myocarditis Using Quantitative Delayed-Enhancement Imaging Based on Molli T1 Mapping

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Toussaint, Marcel; Gilles, Raymond J; Azzabou, Noura; Marty, Benjamin; Vignaud, Alexandre; Greiser, Andreas; Carlier, Pierre G

    2015-01-01

    ...), inflammatory myocarditis, and cardiomyopathies. The aim of the study was first to characterize benign myocarditis using quantitative delayed-enhancement imaging and then to investigate whether the measure of the extracellular volume fraction (ECV...

  6. Demonstration of an Environmentally Benign and Reduced Corrosion Runway Deicing Fluid

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    used in the demonstration. All RDF fluids were used full strength . Table 9. Required Equipment Equipment Purpose Supplied by Operated by... DHL , FedEx, UPS), Continental Airlines, Delta Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Southwest Airlines, Final Report: Environmentally Benign and Reduced

  7. Efficacy of Applying Postural Restrictions after Epley Maneuver in Patients with Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gholamali Dashti-Khavidaki; Aghil Absalan; Ebrahim Pirasteh

    2014-01-01

    ... (Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo). Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial study was conducted in among 118 patients with BPPV at Khatam-al-Anbia hospital in Zahedan...

  8. DNA Cytometry and Nuclear Morphometry in Ovarian Benign, Borderline and Malignant Tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amina A. Gamal el Din

    2015-10-01

    CONCLUSION: We suggest that DNA ploidy and nuclear area combined, may be adjuncts to histopathology; in ovarian serous and mucinous benign, borderline and malignant neoplasms; identifying the aggressive borderline tumours.

  9. Markers of Breast Cancer Risk in Women with Benign Breast Disease

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mandelson, Margaret

    2004-01-01

    ... not go on to develop breast cancer. In contrast, many women with "low risk" benign lesions are subsequently diagnosed with breast cancer and for these women, the histopathology of their BBD is not a useful predictor of risk...

  10. Benign Spine Lesions: Advances in Techniques for Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomasian, A; Wallace, A N; Jennings, J W

    2017-05-01

    Minimally invasive percutaneous imaging-guided techniques have been shown to be safe and effective for the treatment of benign tumors of the spine. Techniques available include a variety of tumor ablation technologies, including radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation, microwave ablation, alcohol ablation, and laser photocoagulation. Vertebral augmentation may be performed after ablation as part of the same procedure for fracture stabilization or prevention. Typically, the treatment goal in benign spine lesions is definitive cure. Painful benign spine lesions commonly encountered in daily practice include osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, vertebral hemangioma, aneurysmal bone cyst, Paget disease, and subacute/chronic Schmorl node. This review discusses the most recent advancement and use of minimally invasive percutaneous therapeutic options for the management of benign spine lesions. © 2017 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  11. Distinguishing benign and malignant pelvic masses : The value of different diagnostic methods in everyday clinical practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engelen, Mirjam J. A.; Bongaerts, Alphons H. H.; Sluiter, Wim J.; De Haan, Harm H.; Bogchelman, Dick H.; TenVergert, Els M.; Willemse, Pax H. B.; van der Zee, Ate G. J.

    Objective: To optimize referral to specialized gynaecologists for surgical treatment of ovarian cancer by improving preoperative discrimination between benign and malignant pelvic tumours. Study design: In a prospective multicentre study 143 patients with a pelvic mass were included. At several

  12. Bone Grafts, Substitutes, and Augments in Benign Orthopaedic Conditions Current Concepts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blank, Alan; Riesgo, Aldo; Gitelis, Steven; Rapp, Timothy

    2017-04-01

    Musculoskeletal tumors are relatively rare diagnoses made by orthopaedic surgeons. While approximately 2,500 primary bone sarcomas are diagnosed annually in the USA, the number of benign orthopaedic tumors encountered annually is far more difficult to quantify. Some studies have documented between 3% and 10% of the general population having benign bony lesions. Many of these conditions can be simply observed, while others will require surgical intervention. Surgical treatments for benign conditions range from a one-step curettage to extensive resection and reconstruction. With treatment of larger lesions, significant bony defects may need to be addressed surgically. Treatment options have evolved over time with the use of various bone graft and bone void fillers, including methyl methacrylate cement, autograft, allograft bone chips, struts and osteoarticular segments, synthetic bone graft substitutes, and metal augments. This review provides an overview of the present status of bone graft, substitutes, and augment options for the orthopaedic surgeon treating benign musculoskeletal conditions.

  13. Novel Genes Associated with Malignant Melanoma but not Benign Melanocytic Lesions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dmitri Talantov; Abhijit Mazumder; Jack X. Yu; Thomas Briggs; Yuqiu Jiang; John Backus; David Atkins; Yixin Wang

    2005-01-01

    .... Experimental Design: Total RNA isolated from 45 primary melanoma, 18 benign skin nevi, and 7 normal skin tissue specimens were analyzed on an Affymetrix Hu133A microarray containing 22,000 probe sets. Results...

  14. Pathologically Benign Lymph Nodes Can Mimic Malignancy on Imaging in Patients With Angiomatoid Fibrous Histiocytoma

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ulaner, Gary A; Healey, John H; Athanasian, Edward A

    2017-01-01

    .... We found that several of our patients with AFH presented with radiologically suspicious local lymph nodes that were sampled because of their imaging characteristics, but the nodes proved to be benign...

  15. Can magnetic resonance spectroscopy differentiate malignant and benign causes of lymphadenopathy? An in-vitro approach

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lionel Buré; Louis-Martin Boucher; Miriam Blumenkrantz; Stefan Schob; Pierre Lafaye de Micheaux; Caroline Reinhold; Benoit Gallix

    2017-01-01

    .... The goal of our research was to assess whether magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy contains the necessary information to allow differentiation of benign from malignant lymph nodes in an in-vitro approach using a modern pattern recognition method...

  16. The efficacy of apparent diffusion coefficient value calculation in differentiation between malignant and benign thyroid nodules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dilli, Alper; Ayaz, Umit Yasar; Cakir, Evrim; Cakal, Erman; Gultekin, Salih Sinan; Hekimoglu, Baki

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) calculation in differentiation between malignant and benign thyroid nodules. A prospective study was conducted in 52 patients. Diffusion-weighted echoplanar imaging was performed and b factors were taken as 0 and 400 s/mm(2). The mean ADC value for malignant thyroid nodules was 0.829±0.179×10(-3) mm(2)/s and that for benign thyroid nodules was 1.984±0.482×10(-3) mm(2)/s. The mean ADC value for malignant nodules was significantly lower than that for benign nodules (P=.0001). ADC value calculation is an effective method in differentiation of malignant thyroid nodules from benign ones. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Benign giant mediastinal schwannoma presenting as cardiac tamponade in a woman: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekiya Mitsuaki

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Mediastinal schwannomas are typically benign and asymptomatic, and generally present no immediate risks. We encountered a rare case of a giant benign posterior mediastinal schwannoma, complicated by life-threatening cardiac tamponade. Case presentation We report the case of a 72-year-old Japanese woman, who presented with cardiogenic shock. Computed tomography of the chest revealed a posterior mediastinal mass 150 cm in diameter, with pericardial effusion. The cardiac tamponade was treated with prompt pericardial fluid drainage. A biopsy was taken from the mass, and after histological examination, it was diagnosed as a benign schwannoma, a well-encapsulated non-infiltrating tumor, originating from the intrathoracic vagus nerve. It was successfully excised, restoring normal cardiac function. Conclusion Our case suggests that giant mediastinal schwannomas, although generally benign and asymptomatic, should be excised upon discovery to prevent the development of life-threatening cardiopulmonary complications.

  18. Partial Nephrectomy for Presumed Renal-Cell Carcinoma: Incidence, Predictors, and Perioperative Outcomes of Benign Lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauman, Tyler M; Potretzke, Aaron M; Wright, Alec J; Knight, Brent A; Vetter, Joel M; Figenshau, Robert Sherburne

    2017-04-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of benign histology after partial nephrectomy (PN) in patients with presumed malignancy from preoperative imaging. Furthermore, preoperative predictors of benign lesions and perioperative outcomes were also assessed. A series of patients undergoing PN for renal masses was identified using a prospectively maintained database. Patients were excluded for known genetic conditions, if more than one renal mass was resected, or if standard preoperative imaging was not suspicious for renal-cell carcinoma (RCC). Differences in characteristics between patients with benign and malignant pathology were assessed. A total of 916 patients were identified who underwent PN between 2007 and 2015, including 129 (14.1%) patients with a final diagnosis of benign disease. The most common types of benign pathology were oncocytoma (n = 66, 51.2%), angiomyolipoma (n = 37, 28.7%), and complex cysts (n = 10, 7.8%). Low body mass index (BMI) [0.96 (0.92-0.99) p = 0.02], low R.E.N.A.L. score [0.86 (0.76-0.96) p = 0.007], and low preoperative creatinine [0.37 (0.14-0.91) p = 0.04] predicted benign histology in multivariate analysis. Tumor size was a significant predictor in additional modeling [0.81 (0.69-0.94) p = 0.008]. Patients with benign histology had significantly shorter operative times (p < 0.001) and less estimated blood loss (p < 0.001), and there was no difference in complication (p = 0.93) or blood transfusion (0.24) rates. In this study, the rate of benign pathology after PN for presumed RCC is 14.1%. BMI, R.E.N.A.L. score, and preoperative creatinine are predictive of benign histology, but the ability of different variables to predict benign lesions may be influenced by the distribution of benign tumor subtypes, reflecting potential unidentified selection bias.

  19. Mixing of solids in different mixing devices

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Agitation of the powder (especially powders with different bulk densities) may result in migration of smaller particles downwards and of larger ones upwards. Another problem is segregation whose main cause is the difference in particle size, density shape and resilience. There are standard mixing devices, such as drum ...

  20. Benign granular-cell tumor of the breast: Case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devi Meenal Jagannathan, MD(RD, DMRD, DNB(RD, FRCR

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Granular-cell tumor is an uncommon cause of breast mass in premenopausal women that presents as a painless chronic lump. It mimics infiltrating carcinoma clinically and radiologically. Granular-cell tumor is usually benign, and the treatment is wide local excision. Definitive pre-operative diagnosis helps to avoid unnecessary mastectomy. We present clinical, mamographic, and sonographic characteristics of a benign granular-cell tumor of the breast in a 57-year-old woman.

  1. Benign granular-cell tumor of the breast: Case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagannathan, Devi Meenal

    2015-01-01

    Granular-cell tumor is an uncommon cause of breast mass in premenopausal women that presents as a painless chronic lump. It mimics infiltrating carcinoma clinically and radiologically. Granular-cell tumor is usually benign, and the treatment is wide local excision. Definitive pre-operative diagnosis helps to avoid unnecessary mastectomy. We present clinical, mamographic, and sonographic characteristics of a benign granular-cell tumor of the breast in a 57-year-old woman.

  2. [Cytologic analysis of benign neoplasms and some pseudotumors of otorhinolaryngologic organs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shatokhina, S N; Chumakov, F I

    1995-01-01

    The authors detail cytological picture of some benign tumors and pseudotumors encountered in otorhinolaryngological practice: oncocytoma, angioma, lipoma, soft fibroma, mixoma, paraganglioma, chondroma, angiogranuloma, cholesteatoma of the ear, protein pseudotumors (early-stage fibrinoid-hyaline nodes), polyps of the nose and ear, sarcoidosis. Cytological techniques made it possible to establish accurate diagnosis in 90% and 82% of cases with benign tumors and pseudotumors, respectively.

  3. Autoantibody profiling of benign and malignant thyroid tumors and design of a prototype diagnostic array

    OpenAIRE

    K V Lanshchakov; P V Belousov; V E Vanushko; A Yu Abrosimov; D V Kuprash; N S Kuznetsov

    2012-01-01

    Currently the “gold standard” in diagnostics of thyroid tumors is a fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). However, FNAC cannot discriminate between benign and malignant thyroid tumors in 15 to 30% of observations. In order to develop an additional tool for differential diagnostics of thyroid tumors we evaluated the diagnostic performance of 3-antigen serum autoantibody signature in groups of benign ( n = 22) and malignant ( n = 26) thyroid tumors using a dot-blot ELISA-based analysis The se...

  4. Apparent diffusion coefficient measurements in the differentiation between benign and malignant neck masses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faten Salem

    2014-06-01

    Conclusion: ADC value calculation are promising noninvasive imaging approach that can be used in distinguishing between benign and malignant neck masses. Benign lesions have higher mean ADC values than malignant lesions, the cutoff value was 1.25 × 10-3 mm2/s while 0.8 × 10-3 mm2/s in thyroid lesions.

  5. Benign Ethnic Neutropenia and Clozapine Use: A Systematic Review of the Evidence and Treatment Recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manu, Peter; Sarvaiya, Nilofar; Rogozea, Liliana M; Kane, John M; Correll, Christoph U

    2016-07-01

    To evaluate the epidemiology, pathobiology, and management of benign ethnic neutropenia and determine the extent to which these factors should influence measures designed to avoid clozapine-induced agranulocytosis. A structured MEDLINE search with no language limitation was performed from database inception until March 31, 2015, using the terms clozapine and benign ethnic neutropenia. Retrieved articles were cross-checked for additional relevant studies. Included in the study were articles that reported on the prevalence, etiology, and complications of benign ethnic neutropenia and the hematologic outcome of clozapine treatment in patients with this condition. Study results that documented the epidemiology, pathobiology, and clozapine utilization in persons of African, Arabian, and Mediterranean descent with a neutrophil count in the 1,000-1,800/mm³ range. The search identified 342 publications. Forty-two articles described the epidemiology, pathobiology, and management of benign ethnic neutropenia. Of these, 12 articles described patients with benign ethnic neutropenia whose neutrophil count decreased during treatment with clozapine. Persons with benign ethnic neutropenia do not have signs of impaired phagocytosis, and the frequency, severity, and outcome of their infections are similar to those observed in the general population. These features suggest that a neutrophil count > 1,000/mm³ is safe for initiating and/or resuming clozapine therapy. The presence of benign ethnic neutropenia should not prevent treatment with clozapine. Patients with benign ethnic neutropenia who develop a clozapine-induced decrease in the neutrophil count, but have no evidence of infection or impaired phagocytosis, may resume clozapine as soon as they have > 1,000 neutrophils/mm³. © Copyright 2016 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

  6. Identification of bile survivin and carbohydrate antigen 199 in distinguishing cholangiocarcinoma from benign obstructive jaundice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yanfeng; Sun, Jingxian; Zhang, Qiangbo; Jin, Bin; Zhu, Min; Zhang, Zongli

    2017-01-01

    To investigate whether bile survivin and carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA199) can be helpful in distinguishing cholangiocarcinoma (malignant obstructive jaundice) from benign obstructive jaundice. Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the feasibility of bile survivin and CA199 in differentiating cholangiocarcinoma from benign obstructive jaundice. The area under the curve for survivin and CA199 in bile and serum were 0.780 (p jaundice.

  7. Spinal meningeal melanocytoma with benign histology showing leptomeningeal spread: Case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ok Hwa; Kim, Seon Jeong; Choo, Hye Jung; Lee, Sun Joo; Kim, Ji Yeon; Kim, Hoon [Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of); Lee, In Sook [Dept. of Radiology, Busan National University Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-06-15

    Meningeal melanocytoma is a rare benign tumor with relatively good prognosis. However, local aggressive behavior of meningeal melanocytoma has been reported, especially in cases of incomplete surgical resection. Malignant transformation was raised as possible cause by prior reports to explain this phenomenon. We present an unusual case of meningeal melanocytoma associated with histologically benign leptomeningeal spread and its subsequent aggressive clinical course, and describe its radiological findings.

  8. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo accompanied by sudden sensorineural hearing loss: a comparative study with idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Min-Beom; Ban, Jae Ho

    2012-12-01

    To investigate the clinical characteristics of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) associated with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSHL) and to compare them with the characteristics of idiopathic BPPV (i-BPPV). Retrospective case series. We retrospectively analyzed 519 patients with ISSHL and 597 patients with i-BPPV. The ISSHL patients with recent vertigo history before or after admission were tested with video-nystagmography that included the caloric test. BPPV with same-side ISSHL was identified and categorized as secondary BPPV (s-BPPV) using the roll or Dix-Hallpike test. All members of the s-BPPV and i-BPPV groups underwent a daily canalith repositioning procedure (CRP) during the admission periods. We investigated the clinical characteristics, including the number of CRPs performed to achieve successful reposition, canal involvement type, and effect of canal paresis and made comparisons between the s-BPPV and i-BPPV groups. Of the 519 ISSHL patients, 63 (12.1%) were identified as having s-BPPV. Multicanal involvement was more frequent in s-BPPV than i-BPPV patients (P CRPs needed to achieve successful reposition was 4.28 in s-BPPV and 1.34 in i-BPPV (P CRPs required for s-BPPV (P CRPs were required for successful repositioning in patients with s-BPPV than in patients with i-BPPV. Also, the presence of canal paresis in s-BPPV was associated with a greater number of required CRPs. Copyright © 2012 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.

  9. Epidemiology of Goiter and Benign Tumors of the Thyroid Gland in Albania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruka, Ibrahim; Gjata, Arben; Roshi, Enver

    2014-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the demographic characteristics and disease patterns among patients with thyroid nodular abnormalities (goiter) and benign tumors of the thyroid gland in Albania, a transitional country in South Eastern Europe. Methods: Our study included all patients diagnosed with goiter and/or benign tumors of the thyroid gland who were hospitalized at the University Hospital Center (UHC) “Mother Teresa” in Tirana between 2004 and 2012 (N=2258). All patients underwent the same examination and interviewing procedures. Demographic characteristics included gender, age, and place of residence. Binary logistic regression was used to compare the demographic characteristics between patients with benign tumors of the thyroid gland and those with goiter. Results: Overall, there were 2204 patients with goiter and 54 patients with benign tumors of the thyroid gland hospitalized at UHC over the period 2004-2012. There was no evidence of statistically significant differences in demographic characteristics (age, gender, or place of residence) between patients with benign tumors of the thyroid gland and those with goiter. Conclusions: Our study provides useful evidence on the epidemiology of benign tumors of the thyroid gland and the thyroid nodular abnormalities (goiter) in the Albanian population. Future studies in Albania should assess the main determinants of thyroid gland disorders and compare them with findings pertinent to other similar populations. PMID:25395890

  10. Metabolic Profiling of Human Benign and Malignant Pulmonary Nodules Using Mass Spectrometry-Based Metabolomics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Choon Nam Ong

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN or coin lesion is a mass in the lung and can be commonly found in chest X-rays or computerized tomography (CT scans. However, despite the advancement of imaging technologies, it is still difficult to distinguish malignant cancer from benign SPNs. Here we investigated the metabolic profiling of patients with benign and malignant pulmonary nodules. A combination of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS and liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS was used to profile the plasma metabolites in 17 patients with malignant SPNs, 15 patients with benign SPNs and 20 healthy controls. The metabolic profiles were assayed using OPLS-DA, and further analyzed to identify marker metabolites related to diseases. Both GC/MS- and LC/MS-derived models showed clear discriminations in metabolic profiles among three groups. It was found that 63 metabolites (12 from GC/MS, 51 from LC/MS contributed to the differences. Of these, 48 metabolites showed same change trend in both malignant and benign SPNs as compared with healthy controls, indicating some common pathways including inflammation and oxidative injury shared by two diseases. In contrast, 14 metabolites constituted distinct profiles that differentiated malignant from benign SPNs, which might be a unique biochemical feature associated with lung cancer. Overall, our data suggested that integration of two highly sensitive and complementary metabolomics platforms could enable a comprehensive metabolic profiling and assist in discrimination malignant from benign SPNs.

  11. Diagnostic value of CD-10 marker in differentiating of papillary thyroid carcinoma from benign thyroid lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojgan Mokhtari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Using of CD10 in accordance with clinical and histological features of thyroid lesions could be used as both diagnostic and prognostic tool, which consequently influence the management and their prognosis for survival of patients with thyroid neoplasms especially papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC. The aim of this study was to determine its expression in PTC and different benign thyroid lesions. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytic, cross-sectional study, paraffin-embedded tissues of patients with definitive pathologic diagnosis of different benign thyroid lesions and PTC were retrieved. Immunostained sections of each slides was performed using immunohistochemistry methods and expression of CD10 was compared in two groups of benign thyroid lesions and PTC. Results: From selected cases 134 sections studied in two groups of PTC (n = 67 and benign thyroid lesions (n = 67. CD10 were immunohistochemically positive in 29.9% of PTC cases, but in none of the thyroid benign lesions (0% (P 0.05. Conclusion: The results of the current study indicate that due to the higher expression of CD10 in PTC than benign thyroid lesions it might be used for differentiating mentioned lesions. But for using it as a diagnostic tool further studies with larger sample size and determination of its sensitivity, specificity and cut-off point is necessary.

  12. Epidemiology of benign eyelid lesions in patients presenting to a teaching hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Faky, Yasser H.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose This study evaluates the relative frequency of benign eyelid lesions presented to a teaching hospital in Saudi population. Patients and methods Charts of patients with benign eyelid lesions were retrospectively reviewed from January 2003 to December 2008. Clinical details included demographic data, symptoms and signs, surgical findings, primary diagnosis, and indication for biopsy were analyzed in a histopathologically confirmed benign eyelid lesions. Eyelid lesions were arranged according to their order of frequencies. Results A total of 222 biopsies were evaluated from 181 patients (male 39.2% and female 60.8%). The age of the patient at the time of biopsy ranged from 2 to 87 years old. The most common benign eyelid lesion encountered in our practice was sweat gland hidrocystoma followed by chalazion, skin tag, epidermal cyst, nevus, seborrheic keratosis, xanthelasma, and molluscum contagiosum respectively. Histopathological studies confirmed the clinical diagnosis in 95.9% (213/222) of specimens and was different from the clinical diagnosis in 4.1% (9/222) of the lesions which included seborrheic keratosis (n = 3), pilomatrixoma, steatocystoma, hemangioendothelioma, juvenile xanthogranuloma, calcinosis cutis, and syringocystadenoma papilliferum. No malignant lesion was labeled as benign. Conclusion Epidemiology of benign eyelid lesions in Saudi population is different from Far East or Western populations. Sweat gland hidrocystoma with classical clinical features and straightforward diagnosis is the most frequent lesion in our series which could be due to characteristic dry climate. PMID:23960994

  13. [Benign tumours and tumour-like lesions of the bone : General treatment principles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritzsche, H; Schaser, K-D; Hofbauer, C

    2017-06-01

    Benign bone lesions are much more common than malignant lesions. Some benign bone tumors have a characteristic and typical radiographic appearance, while others are more challenging. Therapy of benign bone tumors differs greatly. While the majority of benign bone tumors do not require surgical therapy, other specific lesions, e. g. aneurysmal bone cysts or giant cell tumors (GCT) of the bone require surgery due to their locally aggressive behavior. The major challenge for the radiologist and/or pathologist is the differentiation between a benign and low-grade malignant lesion (e. g. enchondroma versus low-grade chondrosarcoma) for which all available clinical and radiographic information is mandatory. Therefore, surgical therapy is rather more often performed than necessary due to uncertainty in many cases. Novel systemic therapies are available for fibrous dysplasia and GCT of the bone: Fibrous dysplasia can be treated with bisphosphonates, and GCT responds to denosumab. In fact, denosumab has been approved for the treatment of irresectable GCT. Osteoid osteoma is fairly easy to recognize and also to treat given the characteristic clinical presentation and rapid and effective response to local therapy (possible as percutaneous thermo-/laser ablation). In summary, several therapeutic options exist for benign bone tumors, and the choice depends upon the tendency/risk of local recurrence, the rate of surgical complications, options for defect reconstruction, postoperative functional deficits, and specific patient characteristics.

  14. Contribution of diffusion-weighted MR imaging for predicting benignity of complex adnexal masses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomassin-Naggara, Isabelle [Hopital Tenon, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Pariss, Department of Radiology, Paris (France); Universite Rene Descartes, LRI-EA4062, Paris (France); Darai, Emile [Hopital Tenon, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Pariss, Department of Gynecology-Obstetrics, Paris (France); Cuenod, Charles A.; Fournier, Laure [Universite Rene Descartes, LRI-EA4062, Paris (France); Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou (HEGP), Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, Department of Radiology, Paris (France); Toussaint, Irwin; Marsault, Claude; Bazot, Marc [Hopital Tenon, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Pariss, Department of Radiology, Paris (France)

    2009-06-15

    The purpose of this study was to prospectively assess the contribution of diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) for characterizing complex adnexal masses. Seventy-seven women (22-87 years old) with complex adnexal masses (30 benign and 47 malignant) underwent MR imaging including DWI before surgery. Conventional morphological MR imaging criteria were recorded in addition to b{sub 1,000} signal intensity and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements of cystic and solid components. Positive likelihood ratios (PLR) were calculated for predicting benignity and malignancy. The most significant criteria for predicting benignity were low b{sub 1,000} signal intensity within the solid component (PLR = 10.9), low T2 signal intensity within the solid component (PLR = 5.7), absence of solid portion (PLR = 3.1), absence of ascites or peritoneal implants (PLR = 2.3) and absence of papillary projections (PLR = 2.3). ADC measurements did not contribute to differentiating benign from malignant adnexal masses. All masses that displayed simultaneously low signal intensity within the solid component on T2-weighted and on b{sub 1,000} diffusion-weighted images were benign. Alternatively, the presence of a solid component with intermediate T2 signal and high b{sub 1,000} signal intensity was associated with a PLR of 4.5 for a malignant adnexal tumour. DWI signal intensity is an accurate tool for predicting benignity of complex adnexal masses. (orig.)

  15. Copy number variation in archival melanoma biopsies versus benign melanocytic lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahas, Ahmed; Potluri, Keerti; Kent, Michael N; Naik, Sameep; Markey, Michael

    2016-03-11

    Skin melanocytes can give rise to benign and malignant neoplasms. Discrimination of an early melanoma from an unusual/atypical benign nevus can represent a significant challenge. However, previous studies have shown that in contrast to benign nevi, melanoma demonstrates pervasive chromosomal aberrations. This substantial difference between melanoma and benign nevi can be exploited to discriminate between melanoma and benign nevi. Array-comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) is an approach that can be used on DNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues to assess the entire genome for the presence of changes in DNA copy number. In this study, high resolution, genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays were utilized to perform comprehensive and detailed analyses of recurrent copy number aberrations in 41 melanoma samples in comparison with 21 benign nevi. We found statistically significant copy number gains and losses within melanoma samples. Some of the identified aberrations are previously implicated in melanoma. Moreover, novel regions of copy number alterations were identified, revealing new candidate genes potentially involved in melanoma pathogenesis. Taken together, these findings can help improve melanoma diagnosis and introduce novel melanoma therapeutic targets.

  16. Quantitative Imaging In Vivo of Functioning Lymphatic Vessels Around Human Melanoma and Benign Nevi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhras, Victoria; Ramakrishnan, Rathi; Stanton, Anthony W B; Levick, John R; Cook, Martin G; Chong, Heung; Mortimer, Peter S

    2015-08-01

    The density of functioning human lymphatics in vivo and of immunohistochemically defined lymphatics was quantified around melanomas, benign nevi, and matched normal skin, to assess the current lymphangiogenesis paradigm. We investigated whether histological and functioning density increased around melanomas compared with benign nevi or matched skin; whether functioning and histological density increased similarly; and whether larger increases occurred around metastatic melanomas. Functioning density was quantified in vivo as the total amount of human dermal microlymphatics taking up fluorescent marker injected at the lesion margin. After tissue excision, perilesion histological density was quantified using podoplanin marker D2-40. Histological density was raised similarly around metastasising and non-metastasising melanomas compared with normal skin (+71%, p benign nevi (+17%, p = 0.03, n = 20). In contrast, functioning lymphatic density was substantially reduced around the margins of melanomas (both metastasising and non-metastasising) compared with benign nevi (by 65%, p = 0.02) or normal skin (by 53%, p = 0.0014). Raised perilesion histological lymphatic density is not unique to melanoma but occurs also around benign nevi. The findings indicated that the number of functioning lateral lymphatics around human melanomas in vivo but not benign nevi is reduced, despite histologically increased numbers of lymphatics. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  17. Diagnostic utility of IMP3 in segregating metastatic melanoma from benign nevi in lymph nodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mentrikoski, Mark J; Ma, Linglei; Pryor, Jennifer G; McMahon, Loralee A; Yang, Qi; Spaulding, Betsy O; Scott, Glynis A; Wang, Hanlin L; Xu, Haodong

    2009-12-01

    Depending on the Breslow depth of the primary melanoma, sentinel lymph node biopsy is considered as standard of care for the staging of cutaneous melanoma, and is one of the most important prognostic factors. The histologic analysis of these specimens becomes difficult to interpret when benign intranodal nevic cells mimic metastases. Insulin-like growth factor-II messenger RNA (mRNA)-binding protein-3 (IMP3), also known as K homology domain-containing protein overexpressed in cancer or L523S, is a member of the insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein family and has been shown to have diagnostic utility in distinguishing cutaneous melanoma from benign nevi. In this study, 43 sentinel lymph node biopsy specimens, including 13 with benign intranodal nevi and 30 with metastatic melanoma (two cases containing both benign nevi and metastatic melanoma), from 41 patients were immunohistochemically analyzed with a monoclonal antibody against IMP3. None of the benign intranodal nevi expressed IMP3, whereas 21 out of 30 (70%) of the lymph nodes containing metastatic melanoma did. It seems that IMP3 is helpful in distinguishing benign intranodal nevi from metastatic melanoma in sentinel lymph node biopsy specimens, and could be a valuable diagnostic adjunct in sentinel lymph node biopsy assessment in which questions arise as to the malignancy of the melanocytes present.

  18. Diagnostic value of maspin in distinguishing adenocarcinoma from benign biliary epithelium on endoscopic bile duct biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lihong; Huang, Kevin; Himmelfarb, Eric A; Zhai, Jing; Lai, Jin-Ping; Lin, Fan; Wang, Hanlin L

    2015-11-01

    Histopathologic distinction between benign and malignant epithelia on endoscopic bile duct biopsy can be extremely challenging due to small sample size, crush artifact, and a propensity for marked inflammatory and reactive changes after stent placement. Our previous studies have shown that the insulin-like growth factor II mRNA-binding protein 3, S100P, and the von Hippel-Lindau gene product (pVHL) can help the distinction. This study analyzed 134 endoscopic bile duct biopsy specimens (adenocarcinoma 45, atypical 31, and benign 58) by immunohistochemistry for the expression of maspin, a serine protease inhibitor. The results demonstrated that (1) maspin expression was more frequently detected in malignant than in benign biopsies; (2) malignant biopsies frequently showed diffuse, strong/intermediate, and combined nuclear/cytoplasmic staining patterns for maspin, which were much less commonly seen in benign biopsies; (3) the malignant staining patterns for maspin observed in atypical biopsies were consistent with follow-up data showing that 67% of these patients were subsequently diagnosed with adenocarcinoma; (4) a maspin+/S100P+/pVHL- staining profile was seen in 75% of malignant biopsies but in none of the benign cases. These observations demonstrate that maspin is a useful addition to the diagnostic immunohistochemical panel (S100P, pVHL, and insulin-like growth factor II mRNA-binding protein 3) to help distinguish malignant from benign epithelia on challenging bile duct biopsies. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. The Mixed language Debate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    A range of views on mixed languages and their connections to phenomena such as secret languages, massive borrowing, codeswitching and codemixing, and thier origin.......A range of views on mixed languages and their connections to phenomena such as secret languages, massive borrowing, codeswitching and codemixing, and thier origin....

  20. System equivalent model mixing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klaassen, Steven W.B.; van der Seijs, M.V.; de Klerk, D.

    2017-01-01

    This paper introduces SEMM: a method based on Frequency Based Substructuring (FBS) techniques that enables the construction of hybrid dynamic models. With System Equivalent Model Mixing (SEMM) frequency based models, either of numerical or experimental nature, can be mixed to form a hybrid model.

  1. Improved Methods for Production Manufacturing Processes in Environmentally Benign Manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-Yan Wang

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available How to design a production process with low carbon emissions and low environmental impact as well as high manufacturing performance is a key factor in the success of low-carbon production. It is important to address concerns about climate change for the large carbon emission source manufacturing industries because of their high energy consumption and environmental impact during the manufacturing stage of the production life cycle. In this paper, methodology for determining a production process is developed. This methodology integrates process determination from three different levels: new production processing, selected production processing and batch production processing. This approach is taken within a manufacturing enterprise based on prior research. The methodology is aimed at providing decision support for implementing Environmentally Benign Manufacturing (EBM and low-carbon production to improve the environmental performance of the manufacturing industry. At the first level, a decision-making model for new production processes based on the Genetic Simulated Annealing Algorithm (GSAA is presented. The decision-making model considers not only the traditional factors, such as time, quality and cost, but also energy and resource consumption and environmental impact, which are different from the traditional methods. At the second level, a methodology is developed based on an IPO (Input-Process-Output model that integrates assessments of resource consumption and environmental impact in terms of a materials balance principle for batch production processes. At the third level, based on the above two levels, a method for determining production processes that focus on low-carbon production is developed based on case-based reasoning, expert systems and feature technology for designing the process flow of a new component. Through the above three levels, a method for determining the production process to identify, quantify, assess, and optimize the

  2. [Transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheng, Xu-jun; Chen, Jian-hua; Wang, Wei-ming; Kong, Liang; Zhang, Liang; Yu, Yong-jiang; Wu, Yu; Qi, Jun

    2011-05-01

    To evaluate clinical application of transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of the prostate (PKEP) to the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). A total of 90 BPH patients, aged 59-83 (mean 71) years and with indication of surgery, underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (the TURP group, n=50) and transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of the prostate (the PKEP group, n=40), respectively. We recorded and analyzed the preoperative prostate volume, IPSS, QOL and Qmax, operation time, intra- and post-operative bleeding and complications, postoperative continuous bladder irrigation, and IPSS, QOL and Qmax at 2 weeks and 6 months after surgery. The preoperative prostate volume and operation time were 58.9 g and 58.8 min in the TURP group versus 58.3 g and 93.0 min in the PKEP group. Mild transurethral resection syndrome (TURS) appeared in 2 TURP receivers, while no abnormality was found in electrocardiogram monitoring in those undergoing PKEP. Continuous bladder irrigation was necessitated in 3 and urgent incontinence of urine occurred in 4 cases of TURP, as compared with 1 and 4 cases in the PKEP group. None of the 90 patients needed blood transfusion. At 2 weeks before and after surgery and 6 months postoperatively, IPSS averaged 19.7, 11.6 and 5.1, QOL 4.6, 3.3 and 1.1, and Qmax 6.3, 13.0 and 18.1 ml/s in the TURP group versus 18.6, 8.4 and 4.9 (IPSS), 4.5, 2.7 and 1.1 (QOL) and 6.9, 14.2 and 19.0 ml/s (Qmax) in the PKEP group. There were significant differences in operation time, IPSS and QOL at 2 weeks postoperatively between the two groups, as well as in IPSS, QOL and Qmax at 6 months before and after surgery (P 0.01). Transurethral PKEP is a safe, effective and thorough surgical method to be chosen for the treatment of BPH.

  3. Costs of benign prostatic hyperplasia treatment in Montenegro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dabanović Vera

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction/Aim. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH is one of the most frequent diseases in men older than 50 years, and it is closely linked to ageing process. Considering rising life expectancy, further increase in prevalence of BPH could be expected. The aim of our study was to analyze costs of treating patients with BPH in Montenegro, in order to estimate their impact on health budget. Methods. The BPH treatment costs were analyzed in a random sample of 47 male patients, 50 years of age or older, taken from the population of patients with BPH treated in Hospital Niksic, Montenegro, during year 2013. The patients were in one of the five health states: mild symptoms of BPH, moderate symptoms of BPH, severe symptoms of BPH, acute urinary retention, and transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP. Only direct medical costs were taken into account when calculating costs of each health state. The costs were calculated on the basis of utilization of services, drugs and materials, taken from the patients' medical records, and utilization figures were multiplied with prices recognized by the Health Insurance Fund, Montenegro. Total number of patients with BPH in Montenegro was taken from the database of Institute for Public Health, Montenegro. The costs are expressed in euros (EUR. Results. Average annual costs of treating a patient with certain BPH health state were: mild BPH - 266.63 EUR, moderate BPH - 343.26 EUR, severe BPH - 413.51 EUR, acute urinary retention - 493.93 EUR and TURP - 1 013.16 EUR. Total costs of treating all patients with BPH in Montenegro are 2 338 008.66 EUR; this amount makes 1.43% of total Montenegrian health budget. The largest part of the costs make medication acquisition costs, especially those spent for finasteride (196 341.11 EUR and antimicrobials. According to the data generated by Montenegrian Drug Agency, annual turnover of all drugs indicated for treatment of BPH in 2011 was 595 948.74 EUR, and from this amount

  4. Benign afebrile cluster convulsions with gastroenteritis: an observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narchi Hassib

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Backround The occurrence of afebrile seizures in association with viral gastroenteritis, without dehydration or electrolyte imbalance, is virtually unknown outside Asia. They are reported to have a benign prognosis and not to require specific investigations or therapy. Methods We report the occurrence of such afebrile convulsions in association with viral gastroenteritis without dehydration or electrolyte imbalance, over a 3-year period, in a cohort of 14 British children. Results The children (5 males and 9 females, 10 Caucasians and 4 Asians were aged 9 to 60 months (median 14.5 months. All 14 had a normal neurological examination and normal serum biochemistry. Twelve children had generalised seizures and 2 had, in addition, absence seizures. The number of seizures per child ranged from 1 to 8. Most convulsions were short with 85.7% of children having the longest seizure not longer than 4 minutes. The longest duration for a seizure was 10 minutes and occurred in 2 children. Convulsions did not recur after the first day in 10 children, 3 children had recurrences the second day and one child on the fourth day. No convulsions recurred after 4 days. Cerebrospinal fluid studies, computed tomography and electroencephalogram (EEG were performed on two children who had prolonged seizures and the results were normal. No pathogenic bacteria were grown in any of the stools. Enzyme immunoassay detection of Rotavirus in the stools was positive in 7 of the 10 children where it was tested. All 14 children recovered spontaneously within a few days. On long-term follow of up to 31 months (median 16 months, none had further convulsions and all had normal development milestones. Conclusions Afebrile seizures in association with viral gastroenteritis do also occur outside Asia. Recognition of this entity should lead to reassurance of the parents. As in previously published series, investigations such as lumbar puncture, neuroimaging and EEG are usually

  5. Clinical characteristics of patients with benign nonlesional temporal lobe epilepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim J

    2016-07-01

    studies with a much larger population are warranted. Keywords: epilepsy, benign temporal lobe epilepsy, nonlesional temporal lobe epilepsy

  6. Scalable and Environmentally Benign Process for Smart Textile Nanofinishing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Jicheng; Hontañón, Esther; Blanes, Maria; Meyer, Jörg; Guo, Xiaoai; Santos, Laura; Paltrinieri, Laura; Ramlawi, Nabil; Smet, Louis C P M de; Nirschl, Hermann; Kruis, Frank Einar; Schmidt-Ott, Andreas; Biskos, George

    2016-06-15

    A major challenge in nanotechnology is that of determining how to introduce green and sustainable principles when assembling individual nanoscale elements to create working devices. For instance, textile nanofinishing is restricted by the many constraints of traditional pad-dry-cure processes, such as the use of costly chemical precursors to produce nanoparticles (NPs), the high liquid and energy consumption, the production of harmful liquid wastes, and multistep batch operations. By integrating low-cost, scalable, and environmentally benign aerosol processes of the type proposed here into textile nanofinishing, these constraints can be circumvented while leading to a new class of fabrics. The proposed one-step textile nanofinishing process relies on the diffusional deposition of aerosol NPs onto textile fibers. As proof of this concept, we deposit Ag NPs onto a range of textiles and assess their antimicrobial properties for two strains of bacteria (i.e., Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae). The measurements show that the logarithmic reduction in bacterial count can get as high as ca. 5.5 (corresponding to a reduction efficiency of 99.96%) when the Ag loading is 1 order of magnitude less (10 ppm; i.e., 10 mg Ag NPs per kg of textile) than that of textiles treated by traditional wet-routes. The antimicrobial activity does not increase in proportion to the Ag content above 10 ppm as a consequence of a "saturation" effect. Such low NP loadings on antimicrobial textiles minimizes the risk to human health (during textile use) and to the ecosystem (after textile disposal), as well as it reduces potential changes in color and texture of the resulting textile products. After three washes, the release of Ag is in the order of 1 wt %, which is comparable to textiles nanofinished with wet routes using binders. Interestingly, the washed textiles exhibit almost no reduction in antimicrobial activity, much as those of as-deposited samples. Considering that a realm

  7. High-mix insulins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Kalra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Premix insulins are commonly used insulin preparations, which are available in varying ratios of different molecules. These drugs contain one short- or rapid-acting, and one intermediate- or long-acting insulin. High-mix insulins are mixtures of insulins that contain 50% or more than 50% of short-acting insulin. This review describes the clinical pharmacology of high-mix insulins, including data from randomized controlled trials. It suggests various ways, in which high-mix insulin can be used, including once daily, twice daily, thrice daily, hetero-mix, and reverse regimes. The authors provide a rational framework to help diabetes care professionals, identify indications for pragmatic high-mix use.

  8. High expression of cytoplasmic phosphorylated CSE1L in malignant melanoma but not in benign nevi: phosphorylated CSE1L for the discrimination between melanoma and benign nevi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chin, Szu-Ying; Wu, Pei-Ru; Shih, Yi-Hsien; Yeh, Chung-Min; Lee, Woan-Ruoh; Shen, Shing-Chuan; Yeh, Kun-Tu; Jiang, Ming-Chung; Tseng, Jonathan Te-Peng

    2015-01-01

    Melanoma is difficult to treat when it has metastasized. Discrimination between melanoma and benign nevi in melanocytic lesions is crucial for identifying melanomas and consequently improving melanoma treatment and prognosis. The chromosome segregation 1-like (CSE1L) protein has been implicated in cancer progression and is regulated by phosphorylation by extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling, a critical pathway in melanoma progression. We studied phosphorylated CSE1L expression in human melanoma and benign nevi specimens. Immunohistochemistry with tissue microarray using antibody against phosphorylated CSE1L showed that melanomas exhibited considerable staining for phosphorylated CSE1L (100%, 34/34), whereas the benign nevi showed only faint staining (0%, 0/34). Melanomas mainly exhibited cytoplasmic phospho-CSE1L distribution, whereas the benign nevi mainly exhibited nuclear phospho-CSE1L distribution. Moreover, immunohistochemistry with anti-CSE1L antibody revealed that CSE1L mainly exhibited cytoplasmic/nuclear distribution and nuclear distribution was the dominant. Immunofluorescence with B16F10 melanoma cells showed cytoplasmic distribution of phospho-CSE1L and nuclear distribution of CSE1L. Our results indicated that nuclear CSE1L is mainly non-phosphorylated CSE1L and is involved in gene regulation and cytoplasmic CSE1L is mainly phosphorylated CSE1L and is involved in cytoplasmic signaling regulation in melanocytic tumorigenesis. Furthermore, immunohistochemical analysis of cytoplasmic phospho-CSE1L may aid in the diagnosis of melanoma.

  9. ADVANCED MIXING MODELS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, S; Richard Dimenna, R; David Tamburello, D

    2008-11-13

    The process of recovering the waste in storage tanks at the Savannah River Site (SRS) typically requires mixing the contents of the tank with one to four dual-nozzle jet mixers located within the tank. The typical criteria to establish a mixed condition in a tank are based on the number of pumps in operation and the time duration of operation. To ensure that a mixed condition is achieved, operating times are set conservatively long. This approach results in high operational costs because of the long mixing times and high maintenance and repair costs for the same reason. A significant reduction in both of these costs might be realized by reducing the required mixing time based on calculating a reliable indicator of mixing with a suitably validated computer code. The work described in this report establishes the basis for further development of the theory leading to the identified mixing indicators, the benchmark analyses demonstrating their consistency with widely accepted correlations, and the application of those indicators to SRS waste tanks to provide a better, physically based estimate of the required mixing time. Waste storage tanks at SRS contain settled sludge which varies in height from zero to 10 ft. The sludge has been characterized and modeled as micron-sized solids, typically 1 to 5 microns, at weight fractions as high as 20 to 30 wt%, specific gravities to 1.4, and viscosities up to 64 cp during motion. The sludge is suspended and mixed through the use of submersible slurry jet pumps. To suspend settled sludge, water is added to the tank as a slurry medium and stirred with the jet pump. Although there is considerable technical literature on mixing and solid suspension in agitated tanks, very little literature has been published on jet mixing in a large-scale tank. If shorter mixing times can be shown to support Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) or other feed requirements, longer pump lifetimes can be achieved with associated operational cost and

  10. ADVANCED MIXING MODELS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, S; Dimenna, R; Tamburello, D

    2011-02-14

    The process of recovering and processing High Level Waste (HLW) the waste in storage tanks at the Savannah River Site (SRS) typically requires mixing the contents of the tank with one to four mixers (pumps) located within the tank. The typical criteria to establish a mixed condition in a tank are based on the number of pumps in operation and the time duration of operation. To ensure that a mixed condition is achieved, operating times are typically set conservatively long. This approach results in high operational costs because of the long mixing times and high maintenance and repair costs for the same reason. A significant reduction in both of these costs might be realized by reducing the required mixing time based on calculating a reliable indicator of mixing with a suitably validated computer code. The focus of the present work is to establish mixing criteria applicable to miscible fluids, with an ultimate goal of addressing waste processing in HLW tanks at SRS and quantifying the mixing time required to suspend sludge particles with the submersible jet pump. A single-phase computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach was taken for the analysis of jet flow patterns with an emphasis on the velocity decay and the turbulent flow evolution for the farfield region from the pump. Literature results for a turbulent jet flow are reviewed, since the decay of the axial jet velocity and the evolution of the jet flow patterns are important phenomena affecting sludge suspension and mixing operations. The work described in this report suggests a basis for further development of the theory leading to the identified mixing indicators, with benchmark analyses demonstrating their consistency with widely accepted correlations. Although the indicators are somewhat generic in nature, they are applied to Savannah River Site (SRS) waste tanks to provide a better, physically based estimate of the required mixing time. Waste storage tanks at SRS contain settled sludge which varies in

  11. The mixing of fluids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ottino, J.M.

    1989-01-01

    What do the eruption of Krakatau, the manufacture of puff pastry and the brightness of stars have in common Each involves some aspect of mixing. Mixing also plays a critical role in modern technology. Chemical engineers rely on mixing to ensure that substances react properly, to produce polymer blends that exhibit unique properties and to disperse drag-reducing agents in pipelines. Yet in spite of its of its ubiquity in nature and industry, mixing is only imperfectly under-stood. Indeed, investigators cannot even settle on a common terminology: mixing is often referred to as stirring by oceanographers and geophysicists, as blending by polymer engineers and as agitation by process engineers. Regardless of what the process is called, there is little doubt that it is exceedingly complex and is found in a great variety of systems. In constructing a theory of fluid mixing, for example, one has to take into account fluids that can be miscible or partially miscible and reactive or inert, and flows that are slow and orderly or very fast and turbulent. It is therefore not surprising that no single theory can explain all aspect of mixing in fluids and that straightforward computations usually fail to capture all the important details. Still, both physical experiments and computer simulations can provide insight into the mixing process. Over the past several years the authors and his colleague have taken both approaches in an effort to increase understanding of various aspect of the process-particularly of mixing involving slow flows and viscous fluids such as oils.

  12. Differentiation of benign and malignant ulcers of the stomach on computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seo, Im Jeong; Kim, Suk; Lee, Jun Woo; Jeong, Yeon Joo; Choo, Ki Seok; Lee, Suk Hong; Kim, Gwang Ha; Kim, Tae Oh; Jo, Hong Jae [Pusan National University College of Medicine, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-10-15

    We wanted to determine the multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) findings for differentiating benign ulcers from malignant ones. 18 clinicopathologically proven benign ulcers that had been detected by both endoscopy and MDCT were the focus of this study. 26 ulcerative advanced gastric cancers and 26 early gastric cancers with ulceration, all of which had been surgically proven, were selected as a control group. Five of the 26 early gastric cancers that were confined to the mucosa and that were not detected on CT were excluded in this study. The following CT findings were reviewed by two radiologists; ulcer size, the degree of enhancement and the thickness of inner enhancing layer in the ulcer base, the total thickness and the enhancing inner layer thickness in the largest part of the thickened ulcer mound, the presence of ulcer that projected beyond the healthy lumen, and the presence of perigastric fat infiltration and perigastric lymphadenopathy. An indiscernible thin-walled ulcer base (less than 1.5 mm) and suboptimal enhancement of the ulcer base for the discrimination of benign gastric ulcers from the malignant gastric ulcers showed sensitivities of 100% (18/18) and 78% (14/18), respectively, with specificities of 98% (46/47) and 92% (43/47), respectively. Ulcer projection was more significantly present in benign ulcer (13/18, 72%) than in the malignant gastric ulcers (7/47, 15%). The enhancing inner layer thickness in the ulcer mound was significantly greater in the AGC (mean; 7.4 mm) than in the benign gastric ulcers (mean, 2.2 mm). There were insignificant differences for ulcer size, total thickness of the ulcer mound, the perigastric fat infiltration and perigastric lymphadenopathy between the benign and malignant gastric ulcers. MDCT is an additional helpful diagnostic tool when benign gastric ulcers are histologically difficult to distinguish from malignant gastric ones.

  13. Giant benign phyllodes tumor with lactating changes in pregnancy: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Likhitmaskul, Tapanutt; Asanprakit, Wichitra; Charoenthammaraksa, Sivinee; Lohsiriwat, Visnu; Supaporn, Surapong; Vassanasiri, Wichai; Sattaporn, Sukchai

    2015-08-01

    Phyllodes tumor in pregnancy is extremely rare. We present the first case ever reported of a giant benign phyllodes tumor with lactating changes during pregnancy. A 36-year-old female patient at the 32nd week of pregnancy presented with a huge mass in left breast for 5-6 months. Physical examination revealed a firm palpable 20 cm mass occupying the whole left breast. Ultrasound guided core needle biopsy demonstrated a fibroepithelial lesion suggestive of benign phyllodes tumor. She was scheduled for mastectomy three weeks after birth delivery. The microscopic examination of the resected specimen revealed the mass consisted mainly of lactating components with areas of hypercellular stroma and epithelial proliferation in leaf-like pattern. Finally, the pathological report confirmed a giant benign phyllodes tumor with lactating changes and frees all surgical margins. Phyllodes tumor in pregnancy is rare with just nine cases reported. It is unknown if the rapidly growing mass in pregnant patient is hormone-dependent. This is the first report of a giant benign phyllodes tumor with lactating changes in pregnant patient. In these large phyllodes tumors, heterogeneous stromal components are common. It is occasionally difficult to distinguish between benign phyllodes tumor with lactating changes and lactating adenoma. Because the surgical treatment and local recurrence rate are different between these two diseases, we need to clearly differentiate benign phyllodes tumors from other benign breast diseases. This case emphasizes the heterogeneity of giant phyllodes tumors. Therefore, it is important to thoroughly examine the resected specimen for possible additional components. The key point is that adequate and clear surgical margins in any phyllodes tumors must be achieved to reduce local recurrence.

  14. Differentiating benign from malignant bone tumors using fluid-fluid level features on magnetic resonance imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Hong; Cui, Jian Ling; Cui, Sheng Jie; Sun, Ying Cal; Cui, Feng Zhen [Dept. of Radiology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Hebei Province Biomechanical Key Laborary of Orthopedics, Shijiazhuang, Hebei (China)

    2014-12-15

    To analyze different fluid-fluid level features between benign and malignant bone tumors on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This study was approved by the hospital ethics committee. We retrospectively analyzed 47 patients diagnosed with benign (n = 29) or malignant (n = 18) bone tumors demonstrated by biopsy/surgical resection and who showed the intratumoral fluid-fluid level on pre-surgical MRI. The maximum length of the largest fluid-fluid level and the ratio of the maximum length of the largest fluid-fluid level to the maximum length of a bone tumor in the sagittal plane were investigated for use in distinguishing benign from malignant tumors using the Mann-Whitney U-test and a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Fluid-fluid level was categorized by quantity (multiple vs. single fluid-fluid level) and by T1-weighted image signal pattern (high/low, low/high, and undifferentiated), and the findings were compared between the benign and malignant groups using the chi2 test. The ratio of the maximum length of the largest fluid-fluid level to the maximum length of bone tumors in the sagittal plane that allowed statistically significant differentiation between benign and malignant bone tumors had an area under the ROC curve of 0.758 (95% confidence interval, 0.616-0.899). A cutoff value of 41.5% (higher value suggests a benign tumor) had sensitivity of 73% and specificity of 83%. The ratio of the maximum length of the largest fluid-fluid level to the maximum length of a bone tumor in the sagittal plane may be useful to differentiate benign from malignant bone tumors.

  15. Benign breast lesions in Bayelsa State, Niger Delta Nigeria: a 5 year multicentre histopathological audit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uwaezuoke, Stanley Chibuzo; Udoye, Ezenwa Patrick

    2014-01-01

    There has been no previous study to classify benign breast lesions in details based on histopathologically confirmed diagnosis in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. This study therefore aims to review all cases of benign breast lesions seen in all the three centres in Bayelsa State with histopathology services over a five year period for a comprehensive baseline data in our community for management, research and education. This is a multicentre retrospective descriptive study based on histopathological diagnosed benign breast lesions from January 2009 to December 2013. Archival results and slides on benign breast lesions were retrieved and analysed using simple statistical methods. A total of 228 benign breast lesions (68.3%) were seen among 334 histopathologically diagnosed breast diseases. The male to female ratio was 19.7:1. Peak age incidence was the third decade (43%) with a mean age of 29.1years. Fibroadenoma was the most common benign breast disease (BBD) accounting for 45.6% of all the cases followed by fibrocystic change (23.1%). The mean ages of fibroadenoma and fibrocystic change were 23.1years and 31.1years respectively. Inflammatory breast lesions constituted 8.3%. We recorded only 2 cases (0.9%) of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) with no case of atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH) within the study period. Gynaecomastia (4%) was the main male breast lesion in the study. Benign breast diseases are the most common breast lesions in Bayelsa State. Fibroadenoma is the most common lesion followed by fibrocystic change. The incidence of atypical hyperplasia recorded was rather low in the state.

  16. PTEN expression in benign human endometrial tissue and cancer in relation to endometrial cancer risk factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Hannah P; Meeker, Alan; Guido, Richard; Gunter, Marc J; Huang, Gloria S; Luhn, Patricia; d'Ambrosio, Lori; Wentzensen, Nicolas; Sherman, Mark E

    2015-12-01

    Clonal loss of PTEN expression occurs frequently in endometrial carcinoma and endometrial hyperplasia. Limited data from immunohistochemical studies suggest that PTEN-null appearing endometrial glands are detectable in women without pathologic abnormalities, but the relationship of PTEN expression to endometrial cancer risk factors has not been extensively explored. We evaluated relationships between endometrial cancer risk factors and loss of PTEN expression in a set of benign endometrial samples prospectively collected from women undergoing hysterectomy and in endometrial cancer tissues from a population-based case-control study. We used a validated PTEN immunohistochemical assay to assess expression in epidemiological studies designed to assess benign endometrium [Benign Reproductive Tissue Evaluation Study (n = 73); Einstein Endometrium Study (n = 19)], and endometrial cancer [Polish Endometrial Cancer Study (n = 148)] tissues. Associations between endometrial cancer risk factors (collected via study-specific risk factor questionnaires) and PTEN expression in endometrial tissues were determined using Fisher's exact tests. PTEN loss was detected in 19% of benign endometrial tissues versus 55% in endometrial cancers. NSAID use was statistically significantly associated with PTEN loss in the benign endometrium (p = 0.02). Our data demonstrate that PTEN loss is detectable in endometrial tissues that are benign and malignant, with substantially more frequent loss in endometrial cancer compared with benign endometrium. However, alterations in expression were unrelated to most risk factors in this analysis, except for the association with NSAID use, which may represent a chance finding or reverse causality among patients with endometriosis who may have PTEN pathway abnormalities in eutopic endometrium. Further evaluation of factors associated with PTEN loss and long-term follow-up of women with PTEN-null endometrial glands may be useful in understanding early events

  17. The Epley (canalith repositioning) manoeuvre for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, Malcolm P; Pinder, Darren K

    2014-12-08

    This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in The Cochrane Library in Issue 1, 2002 and previously updated in 2004 and 2007.Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a syndrome characterised by short-lived episodes of vertigo in association with rapid changes in head position. It is a common cause of vertigo presenting to primary care and specialist otolaryngology clinics. Current treatment approaches include rehabilitative exercises and physical manoeuvres, including the Epley manoeuvre. To assess the effectiveness of the Epley manoeuvre for posterior canal BPPV. We searched the Cochrane Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders Group Trials Register; CENTRAL; PubMed; EMBASE; CINAHL; Web of Science; Cambridge Scientific Abstracts; ICTRP and additional sources for published and unpublished trials. The date of the most recent search was 23 January 2014. Randomised controlled trials of the Epley manoeuvre versus placebo, no treatment or other active treatment for adults diagnosed with posterior canal BPPV (including a positive Dix-Hallpike test). The primary outcome of interest was complete resolution of vertigo symptoms. Secondary outcomes were conversion of a 'positive' Dix-Hallpike test to a 'negative' Dix-Hallpike test and adverse effects of treatment. We used the standard methodological procedures expected by The Cochrane Collaboration. We included 11 trials in the review with a total of 745 patients.Five studies compared the efficacy of the Epley manoeuvre against a sham manoeuvre, three against other particle repositioning manoeuvres (Semont, Brandt-Daroff and Gans) and three against a control (no treatment, medication only, postural restriction). Patients were treated in hospital otolaryngology departments in eight studies and family practices in two studies. All patients were adults aged 18 to 90 years old, with a sex ratio of 1:1.5 male to female.There was a low risk of overall bias in the studies included. All studies were randomised with six

  18. News on Deep Mixing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lattanzio, John C.; Dearborn, Davis S. P.; Eggleton, Peter P.

    2008-04-01

    We briefly summarize the abundant observational evidence for the need of a ``deep mixing'' mechanism in first-ascent red-giant stars, and probably in AGB stars as well. By the term ``deep mixing'' we mean some mixing mechanism which operates in the radiative zone below the convective envelope, and which transports material from the convective region to hotter regions, near the top of the hydrogen shell, where nuclear burning may take place. We then discuss a recent discovery of deep-mixing caused by the burning of 3He following first dredge-up in low-mass stars. This is expected to be a thermohaline process and preliminary calculations show that it has many of the properties required to explain the observations.

  19. Music Mixing Surface

    OpenAIRE

    Gelineck, Steven; Büchert, Morten; Andersen, Jesper

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a multi-touch based interface for mixing music. The goal of the interface is to provide users with a more intuitive control of the music mix by implementing the so-called stage metaphor control scheme, which is especially suitable for multi-touch surfaces. Specifically, we discuss functionality important for the professional music technician (main target user) - functionality, which is especially challenging to integrate when implementing the stage metaphor. Finally we pro...

  20. The health marketing mix

    OpenAIRE

    Pralea, A. R.

    2011-01-01

    The well-known marketing mix of the commercial sector has found its application and has been developing in the non-profit sector. In most of the cases, the techniques and tools of commercial marketing are used to change behaviours in order to achieve social good. The targeted behaviours range widely from environmental ones to health related behaviours. The aim of the current paper is to highlight some of the characteristics of the marketing mix when applied to change health related behaviours...