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Sample records for exact analytic description

  1. Quantifying risks with exact analytical solutions of derivative pricing distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Kun; Liu, Jing; Wang, Erkang; Wang, Jin

    2017-04-01

    Derivative (i.e. option) pricing is essential for modern financial instrumentations. Despite of the previous efforts, the exact analytical forms of the derivative pricing distributions are still challenging to obtain. In this study, we established a quantitative framework using path integrals to obtain the exact analytical solutions of the statistical distribution for bond and bond option pricing for the Vasicek model. We discuss the importance of statistical fluctuations away from the expected option pricing characterized by the distribution tail and their associations to value at risk (VaR). The framework established here is general and can be applied to other financial derivatives for quantifying the underlying statistical distributions.

  2. Reduced description of exact coherent states in parallel shear flows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaume, Cédric; Chini, Gregory P; Julien, Keith; Knobloch, Edgar

    2015-04-01

    A reduced description of exact coherent structures in the transition regime of plane parallel shear flows is developed, based on the Reynolds number scaling of streamwise-averaged (mean) and streamwise-varying (fluctuation) velocities observed in numerical simulations. The resulting system is characterized by an effective unit Reynolds number mean equation coupled to linear equations for the fluctuations, regularized by formally higher-order diffusion. Stationary coherent states are computed by solving the resulting equations simultaneously using a robust numerical algorithm developed for this purpose. The algorithm determines self-consistently the amplitude of the fluctuations for which the associated mean flow is just such that the fluctuations neither grow nor decay. The procedure is used to compute exact coherent states of a flow introduced by Drazin and Reid [Hydrodynamic Stability (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1981)] and studied by Waleffe [Phys. Fluids 9, 883 (1997)]: a linearly stable, plane parallel shear flow confined between stationary stress-free walls and driven by a sinusoidal body force. Numerical continuation of the lower-branch states to lower Reynolds numbers reveals the presence of a saddle node; the saddle node allows access to upper-branch states that are, like the lower-branch states, self-consistently described by the reduced equations. Both lower- and upper-branch states are characterized in detail.

  3. The Analytical Description of Regular LDPC Codes Correcting Ability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uryvsky Leonid

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The analytical description of regular LDPC (Low-Density Parity Check codes correcting ability has been investigated. The statistical dependencies for the maximum number of corrected bits per the code word as a function of LDPC code word length and code rate are given based on multiple experimental analyses of LDPC check matrices. The analytical expressions are proposed for the cases of linear, exponential and polynomial approximations of given results. The most exact analytical formula is proved by criterion of the minimum divergence between the experimental and theoretical results.

  4. Harmonic oscillator in heat bath: Exact simulation of time-lapse-recorded data and exact analytical benchmark statistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørrelykke, Simon F; Flyvbjerg, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    -lapse recordings. Three applications are discussed: (i) The effects of finite sampling rate and time, described exactly here, are similar for other stochastic dynamical systems-e.g., motile microorganisms and their time-lapse-recorded trajectories. (ii) The same statistics is satisfied by any experimental system......The stochastic dynamics of the damped harmonic oscillator in a heat bath is simulated with an algorithm that is exact for time steps of arbitrary size. Exact analytical results are given for correlation functions and power spectra in the form they acquire when computed from experimental time...... of finite sampling rate and sampling time for these models as well....

  5. Exact Analytical Solutions in Three-Body Problems and Model of Neutrino Generator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takibayev N.Zh.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Exact analytic solutions are obtained in three-body problem for the scattering of light particle on the subsystem of two fixed centers in the case when pair potentials have a separable form. Solutions show an appearance of new resonance states and dependence of resonance energy and width on distance between two fixed centers. The approach of exact analytical solutions is expanded to the cases when two-body scattering amplitudes have the Breit-Wigner’s form and employed for description of neutron resonance scattering on subsystem of two heavy nuclei fixed in nodes of crystalline lattice. It is shown that some resonance states have widths close to zero at the certain values of distance between two heavy scatterer centers, this gives the possibility of transitions between states. One of these transitions between three-body resonance states could be connected with process of electron capture by proton with formation of neutron and emission of neutrino. This exoenergic process leading to the cooling of star without nuclear reactions is discussed.

  6. Exact analytical thermodynamic expressions for a Brownian heat engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taye, Mesfin Asfaw

    2015-09-01

    The nonequilibrium thermodynamics feature of a Brownian motor operating between two different heat baths is explored as a function of time t. Using the Gibbs entropy and Schnakenberg microscopic stochastic approach, we find exact closed form expressions for the free energy, the rate of entropy production, and the rate of entropy flow from the system to the outside. We show that when the system is out of equilibrium, it constantly produces entropy and at the same time extracts entropy out of the system. Its entropy production and extraction rates decrease in time and saturate to a constant value. In the long time limit, the rate of entropy production balances the rate of entropy extraction, and at equilibrium both entropy production and extraction rates become zero. Furthermore, via the present model, many thermodynamic theories can be checked.

  7. Tunneling dynamics in open ultracold bosonic systems. Numerically exact dynamics - Analytical models - Control schemes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lode, Axel U.J.

    2013-06-03

    This thesis explores the quantum many-body tunneling dynamics of open ultracold bosonic systems with the recently developed multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree for bosons (MCTDHB) method. The capabilities of MCTDHB to provide solutions to the full time-dependent many-body problem are assessed in a benchmark using the analytically solvable harmonic interaction Hamiltonian and a generalization of it with time-dependent both one- and two-body potentials. In a comparison with numerically exact MCTDHB results, it is shown that e.g. lattice methods fail qualitatively to describe the tunneling dynamics. A model assembling the many-body physics of the process from basic simultaneously happening single-particle processes is derived and verified with a numerically exact MCTDHB description. The generality of the model is demonstrated even for strong interactions and large particle numbers. The ejection of the bosons from the source occurs with characteristic velocities. These velocities are defined by the chemical potentials of systems with different particle numbers which are converted to kinetic energy. The tunneling process is accompanied by fragmentation: the ejected bosons lose their coherence with the source and among each other. It is shown that the various aspects of the tunneling dynamics' can be controlled well with the interaction and the potential threshold.

  8. Mathematical description of q-space in spherical coordinates: exact q-ball imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canales-Rodríguez, Erick Jorge; Melie-García, Lester; Iturria-Medina, Yasser

    2009-06-01

    Novel methodologies have been recently developed to characterize the microgeometry of neural tissues and porous structures via diffusion MRI data. In line with these previous works, this article provides a detailed mathematical description of q-space in spherical coordinates that helps to highlight the differences and similarities between various related q-space methodologies proposed to date such as q-ball imaging (QBI), diffusion spectrum imaging (DSI), and diffusion orientation transform imaging (DOT). This formulation provides a direct relationship between the orientation distribution function (ODF) and the diffusion data without using any approximation. Under this relationship, the exact ODF can be computed by means of the Radon transform of the radial projection (in q-space) of the diffusion MRI signal. This new methodology, termed exact q-ball imaging (EQBI), was put into practice using an analytical ODF estimation in terms of spherical harmonics that allows obtaining model-free and model-based reconstructions. This work provides a new framework for combining information coming from diffusion data recorded on multiple spherical shells in q-space (hybrid diffusion imaging encoding scheme), which is capable of mapping ODF to a high accuracy. This represents a step toward a more efficient development of diffusion MRI experiments for obtaining better ODF estimates.

  9. A Table Lookup Method for Exact Analytical Solutions of Nonlinear Fractional Partial Differential Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji Juan-Juan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A table lookup method for solving nonlinear fractional partial differential equations (fPDEs is proposed in this paper. Looking up the corresponding tables, we can quickly obtain the exact analytical solutions of fPDEs by using this method. To illustrate the validity of the method, we apply it to construct the exact analytical solutions of four nonlinear fPDEs, namely, the time fractional simplified MCH equation, the space-time fractional combined KdV-mKdV equation, the (2+1-dimensional time fractional Zoomeron equation, and the space-time fractional ZKBBM equation. As a result, many new types of exact analytical solutions are obtained including triangular periodic solution, hyperbolic function solution, singular solution, multiple solitary wave solution, and Jacobi elliptic function solution.

  10. Exact analytic solutions for a Dirac electron moving in graphene under magnetic fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuru, S [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ankara University, 06100 Ankara (Turkey); Negro, J; Nieto, L M, E-mail: sengul.kuru@science.ankara.edu.t, E-mail: jnegro@fta.uva.e, E-mail: luismi@metodos.fam.cie.uva.e [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Atomica y Optica, Universidad de Valladolid, E-47071 Valladolid (Spain)

    2009-11-11

    Exact analytical solutions for the bound states of a graphene Dirac electron in various magnetic fields with translational symmetry are obtained. In order to solve the time-independent Dirac-Weyl equation the factorization method used in supersymmetric quantum mechanics is adapted to this problem. The behavior of the discrete spectrum, probability and current densities are discussed.

  11. Exact analytic solutions for a Dirac electron moving in graphene under magnetic fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuru, S; Negro, J; Nieto, L M

    2009-11-11

    Exact analytical solutions for the bound states of a graphene Dirac electron in various magnetic fields with translational symmetry are obtained. In order to solve the time-independent Dirac-Weyl equation the factorization method used in supersymmetric quantum mechanics is adapted to this problem. The behavior of the discrete spectrum, probability and current densities are discussed.

  12. Rotating NS5-brane solution and its exact string theoretical description

    OpenAIRE

    Sfetsos, K.

    1999-01-01

    We construct the most general solution in type-II string theory that represents N coincident non-extremal rotating NS5-branes and determine the relevant thermodynamic quantities. We show that in the field theory limit, it has an exact description. In particular, it can be obtained by an O(3,3) duality transformation on the exact string background for the coset model SL(2,R)_{-N}/U(1) \\times SU(2)_N. In the extreme supersymmetric limit we recover the multicenter solution, with a ring singulari...

  13. Methods for constructing exact solutions of partial differential equations mathematical and analytical techniques with applications to engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Meleshko, Sergey V

    2005-01-01

    Differential equations, especially nonlinear, present the most effective way for describing complex physical processes. Methods for constructing exact solutions of differential equations play an important role in applied mathematics and mechanics. This book aims to provide scientists, engineers and students with an easy-to-follow, but comprehensive, description of the methods for constructing exact solutions of differential equations.

  14. Exact analytical representations for broadband transmission properties of quarter-wave multilayers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigoriev, Victor; Biancalana, Fabio

    2011-10-01

    The formalism of the scattering matrix is applied to describe the transmission properties of multilayered structures with deep variations of the refractive index and arbitrary arrangements of the layers. We show that there is an exact analytical formula for the transmission spectrum, which is valid for the full spectral range and which contains only a limited number of parameters for structures satisfying the quarter-wave condition. These parameters are related to the poles of the scattering matrix, and we present an efficient algorithm to find them, which is based on considering the ray propagation inside the structure and subsequent application of the harmonic inversion technique. These results are significant for analyzing the reshaping of ultrashort pulses in multilayered structures. © 2011 Optical Society of America

  15. Exact analytic solution of position-dependent mass Schrödinger equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajbongshi, Hangshadhar

    2017-10-01

    Exact analytic solution of position-dependent mass Schrödinger equation is generated by using extended transformation, a method of mapping a known system into a new system equipped with energy eigenvalues and corresponding wave functions. First order transformation is performed on D-dimensional radial Schrödinger equation with constant mass by taking trigonometric Pöschl-Teller potential as known system. The exactly solvable potentials with position-dependent mass generated for different choices of mass functions through first order transformation are also taken as known systems in the second order transformation performed on D-dimensional radial position-dependent mass Schrödinger equation. The solutions are fitted for "Zhu and Kroemer" ordering of ambiguity. All the wave functions corresponding to nonzero energy eigenvalues are normalizable. The new findings are that the normalizability condition of the wave functions remains independent of mass functions, and some of the generated potentials show a family relationship among themselves where power law potentials also get related to non-power law potentials and vice versa through the transformation.

  16. IBM Watson Analytics: Automating Visualization, Descriptive, and Predictive Statistics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoyt, Robert Eugene; Snider, Dallas; Thompson, Carla; Mantravadi, Sarita

    2016-10-11

    . IBMWA is a new alternative for data analytics software that automates descriptive, predictive, and visual analytics. This program is very user-friendly but requires data preprocessing, statistical conceptual understanding, and domain expertise.

  17. A descriptive and factor analytical study of salient retention ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A descriptive and factor analytical study of salient retention strategies in commercial health and fitness centres. ... Targeting, acquiring and retaining the right customers are at the core of many successful service organizations. Research has been consistent within the business world where it has been shown that competitors ...

  18. Analytic descriptions of cylindrical electromagnetic waves in a nonlinear medium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Hao; Si, Liu-Gang; Yang, Xiaoxue; Wu, Ying

    2015-06-15

    A simple but highly efficient approach for dealing with the problem of cylindrical electromagnetic waves propagation in a nonlinear medium is proposed based on an exact solution proposed recently. We derive an analytical explicit formula, which exhibiting rich interesting nonlinear effects, to describe the propagation of any amount of cylindrical electromagnetic waves in a nonlinear medium. The results obtained by using the present method are accurately concordant with the results of using traditional coupled-wave equations. As an example of application, we discuss how a third wave affects the sum- and difference-frequency generation of two waves propagation in the nonlinear medium.

  19. Analytic descriptions of cylindrical electromagnetic waves in a nonlinear medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, Hao; Si, Liu-Gang; Yang, Xiaoxue; Wu, Ying

    2015-01-01

    A simple but highly efficient approach for dealing with the problem of cylindrical electromagnetic waves propagation in a nonlinear medium is proposed based on an exact solution proposed recently. We derive an analytical explicit formula, which exhibiting rich interesting nonlinear effects, to describe the propagation of any amount of cylindrical electromagnetic waves in a nonlinear medium. The results obtained by using the present method are accurately concordant with the results of using traditional coupled-wave equations. As an example of application, we discuss how a third wave affects the sum- and difference-frequency generation of two waves propagation in the nonlinear medium. PMID:26073066

  20. Thermal impedance of multi-finger microelectronic structures: exact analytical model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vintrou, Sebastien; Laraqi, Najib; Bairi, Abderrahmane, E-mail: nlaraqi@u-paris10.f, E-mail: nlaraqi@gmail.co [Universite Paris Ouest, Laboratoire Thermique Interfaces Environnement (TIE), EA 4415 PST Ville d' Avray, Departement GTE, 50 Rue de Sevres, F92410 Ville d' Avray (France)

    2009-12-21

    An exact analytical expression for the complex thermal impedance Z of multi-finger microelectronic components is presented in this paper. The integral transform technique has been used to obtain this expression and solve the three dimensional heat conduction equation directly in the frequency domain. Calculations were first performed for a single-finger on a single-layer structure in order to compare the results with those available in the literature and hence validate the solution. Generally, the comparison shows good agreement between our results and those given in most publications. When the structures are composed of several layers, the thermal impedance changes with the thermal conductivities and the thicknesses of the different layers. It is also affected by the thermal contact resistance between the layers. Some results illustrate the influence of these parameters. The case of a multi-finger component is then treated and the influence of distances between fingers is investigated. For all cases, the Nyquist diagram (i.e. Im(Z) versus Re(Z) for different pulsation values {omega}) is plotted. Mainly two zones are observed: one for the high frequencies and the other for the lower ones. The substrate dimensions are found to largely influence the scale of the low frequency zone whereas the distance between the fingers influences the higher one. Finally, the solution is applied to a multi-finger device in contact with a heat sink.

  1. Quantum preservation of the measurements precision using ultra-short strong pulses in exact analytical solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrada, K.; Eleuch, H.

    2017-09-01

    Various schemes have been proposed to improve the parameter-estimation precision. In the present work, we suggest an alternative method to preserve the estimation precision by considering a model that closely describes a realistic experimental scenario. We explore this active way to control and enhance the measurements precision for a two-level quantum system interacting with classical electromagnetic field using ultra-short strong pulses with an exact analytical solution, i.e. beyond the rotating wave approximation. In particular, we investigate the variation of the precision with a few cycles pulse and a smooth phase jump over a finite time interval. We show that by acting on the shape of the phase transient and other parameters of the considered system, the amount of information may be increased and has smaller decay rate in the long time. These features make two-level systems incorporated in ultra-short, of-resonant and gradually changing phase good candidates for implementation of schemes for the quantum computation and the coherent information processing.

  2. Study of coupled nonlinear partial differential equations for finding exact analytical solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Kamruzzaman; Akbar, M Ali; Koppelaar, H

    2015-07-01

    Exact solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations (NPDEs) are obtained via the enhanced (G'/G)-expansion method. The method is subsequently applied to find exact solutions of the Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson (DSW) equation and the (2+1)-dimensional Painlevé integrable Burgers (PIB) equation. The efficiency of this method for finding these exact solutions is demonstrated. The method is effective and applicable for many other NPDEs in mathematical physics.

  3. Normal stress differences from Oldroyd 8-constant framework: Exact analytical solution for large-amplitude oscillatory shear flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saengow, C.; Giacomin, A. J.

    2017-12-01

    The Oldroyd 8-constant framework for continuum constitutive theory contains a rich diversity of popular special cases for polymeric liquids. In this paper, we use part of our exact solution for shear stress to arrive at unique exact analytical solutions for the normal stress difference responses to large-amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) flow. The nonlinearity of the polymeric liquids, triggered by LAOS, causes these responses at even multiples of the test frequency. We call responses at a frequency higher than twice the test frequency higher harmonics. We find the new exact analytical solutions to be compact and intrinsically beautiful. These solutions reduce to those of our previous work on the special case of the corotational Maxwell fluid. Our solutions also agree with our new truncated Goddard integral expansion for the special case of the corotational Jeffreys fluid. The limiting behaviors of these exact solutions also yield new explicit expressions. Finally, we use our exact solutions to see how η∞ affects the normal stress differences in LAOS.

  4. Analytical methodology and facility description spent fuel policy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-08-01

    Three generic environmental impact statements (GEISs) on domestic fuels, foreign fuels, and storage charges are being prepared to provide environmental input into decisions on whether, and if so how the 1977 Presidential policy on spent fuel storage should be implmented. This report provides background information for two of these environmental impact statements: Storage of U.S. Spent Power Reactor Fuel and Storage of Foreign Spent Power Reactor Fuel. It includes the analytical methodology used in GEISs to assess the environmental effects and a description of the facilities used in the two GEISs.

  5. Analytic description of elastic electron-atom scattering in an elliptically polarized laser field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flegel, A. V.; Frolov, M. V.; Manakov, N. L.; Starace, Anthony F.; Zheltukhin, A. N.

    2013-01-01

    An analytic description of laser-assisted electron-atom scattering (LAES) in an elliptically polarized field is presented using time-dependent effective range (TDER) theory to treat both electron-laser and electron-atom interactions nonperturbatively. Closed-form formulas describing plateau features in LAES spectra are derived quantum mechanically in the low-frequency limit. These formulas provide an analytic explanation for key features of the LAES differential cross section. For the low-energy region of the LAES spectrum, our result generalizes the Kroll-Watson formula to the case of elliptic polarization. For the high-energy (rescattering) plateau in the LAES spectrum, our result generalizes prior results for a linearly polarized field valid for the high-energy end of the rescattering plateau [Flegel , J. Phys. BJPAPEH0953-407510.1088/0953-4075/42/24/241002 42, 241002 (2009)] and confirms the factorization of the LAES cross section into three factors: two field-free elastic electron-atom scattering cross sections (with laser-modified momenta) and a laser field-dependent factor (insensitive to the scattering potential) describing the laser-driven motion of the electron in the elliptically polarized field. We present also approximate analytic expressions for the exact TDER LAES amplitude that are valid over the entire rescattering plateau and reduce to the three-factor form in the plateau cutoff region. The theory is illustrated for the cases of e-H scattering in a CO2-laser field and e-F scattering in a midinfrared laser field of wavelength λ=3.5μm, for which the analytic results are shown to be in good agreement with exact numerical TDER results.

  6. Developing an Emergency Physician Productivity Index Using Descriptive Health Analytics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalifa, Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    Emergency department (ED) crowding became a major barrier to receiving timely emergency care. At King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Saudi Arabia, we identified variables and factors affecting crowding and performance to develop indicators to help evaluation and improvement. Measuring efficiency of work and activity of throughput processes; it was important to develop an ED physician productivity index. Data on all ED patients' encounters over the last six months of 2014 were retrieved and descriptive health analytics methods were used. Three variables were identified for their influence on productivity and performance; Number of Treated Patients per Physician, Patient Acuity Level and Treatment Time. The study suggested a formula to calculate the productivity index of each physician through dividing the Number of Treated Patients by Patient Acuity Level squared and Treatment Time to identify physicians with low productivity index and investigate causes and factors.

  7. Exact analytical solutions for time-dependent Hermitian Hamiltonian systems from static unobservable non-Hermitian Hamiltonians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fring, Andreas; Frith, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    We propose a procedure to obtain exact analytical solutions to the time-dependent Schrödinger equations involving explicit time-dependent Hermitian Hamiltonians from solutions to time-independent non-Hermitian Hamiltonian systems and the time-dependent Dyson relation, together with the time-dependent quasi-Hermiticity relation. We illustrate the working of this method for a simple Hermitian Rabi-type model by relating it to a non-Hermitian time-independent system corresponding to the one-site lattice Yang-Lee model.

  8. Analytical study of exact solutions of the nonlinear Korteweg-de Vries equation with space-time fractional derivatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jiangen; Zhang, Yufeng

    2018-01-01

    This paper gives an analytical study of dynamic behavior of the exact solutions of nonlinear Korteweg-de Vries equation with space-time local fractional derivatives. By using the improved (G‧ G )-expansion method, the explicit traveling wave solutions including periodic solutions, dark soliton solutions, soliton solutions and soliton-like solutions, are obtained for the first time. They can better help us further understand the physical phenomena and provide a strong basis. Meanwhile, some solutions are presented through 3D-graphs.

  9. Exact analytic expressions for the evolution of polarization for radiation propagating in a plasma with non uniformly sheared magnetic field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Segre, S.E. [Rome Univ. 2. Tor Vergata, Rome (Italy). Istituto Nazionale Fisica della Materia, Dipartimento di Fisica

    2001-07-01

    The known analytic expressions for the evolution of the polarization of electromagnetic waves propagating in a plasma with uniformly sheared magnetic field are extended to the case where the shear is not constant. Exact analytic expressions are found for the case when the space variations of the medium are such that the magnetic field components and the plasma density satisfy a particular condition (eq. 13), possibly in a convenient reference frame of polarization space. [Italian] Le espressioni, gia' note, per l'evoluzione della polarizzazione di onde elettromagnetiche propaganti in un plasma magnetizzato con shear costante vengono estese a casi in cui questo non e' costante. Si trovano soluzioni analitiche esatte per il caso in cui le variazioni spaziali del mezzo sono tali da soddisfare una particolare condizione (eq. 13), eventualmente in un opportuno sistema di riferimento nello spazio della polarizzazione (lo spazio di Poincare').

  10. Analytical and exact solutions of the spherical and cylindrical diodes of Langmuir-Blodgett law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-Cordoba, Rafael; Martinez-Garcia, Edgar

    2017-10-01

    This paper discloses the exact solutions of a mathematical model that describes the cylindrical and spherical electron current emissions within the context of a physics approximation method. The solution involves analyzing the 1D nonlinear Poisson equation, for the radial component. Although an asymptotic solution has been previously obtained, we present a theoretical solution that satisfies arbitrary boundary conditions. The solution is found in its parametric form (i.e., φ(r )=φ(r (τ)) ) and is valid when the electric field at the cathode surface is non-zero. Furthermore, the non-stationary spatial solution of the electric potential between the anode and the cathode is also presented. In this work, the particle-beam interface is considered to be at the end of the plasma sheath as described by Sutherland et al. [Phys. Plasmas 12, 033103 2005]. Three regimes of space charge effects—no space charge saturation, space charge limited, and space charge saturation—are also considered.

  11. Exact canonical and grand canonical descriptions of the pairing in spherical mesoscopic systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuzmenko, N K [V G Khlopin Radium Institute, 194021 St.-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Mikhajlov, V M, E-mail: kuzmenko@NK9433.spb.ed [Institute of Physics St.-Petersburg State University 198904 (Russian Federation)

    2010-01-01

    The pairing in spherical nanograins with free electron numbers N < 10{sup 5} are treated in the exact manner on the basis of the single shell model (SSM) provided the Debye layer contains only one spherical shell. Such systems demonstrate the strengthening of the pairing gap ({Delta}) and critical temperature as compared with the bulk values. The temperature variations of {Delta} and {chi}{sub P} (paramagnetic susceptibility) are calculated vs strength of the magnetic field for the canonical ensemble (CE) and grand canonical one (GCE). Increasing of the field stimulates stepwise decreasing {Delta} and oscillations in {chi}{sub P} which are smoothed by the temperature. For the electron numbers N < 10{sup 5} the BCS sharp temperature superconducting-normal phase transition in {Delta} and {chi}{sub P} turns out to be essentially softened in CE and GCE. The temperature re-entrance of the superconductivity is considered for both CE and GCE at so strong magnetic fields which remove he pairing at T = 0.

  12. IBM Watson Analytics: Automating Visualization, Descriptive, and Predictive Statistics

    OpenAIRE

    Hoyt, Robert Eugene; Snider, Dallas; Thompson, Carla; Mantravadi, Sarita

    2016-01-01

    Background We live in an era of explosive data generation that will continue to grow and involve all industries. One of the results of this explosion is the need for newer and more efficient data analytics procedures. Traditionally, data analytics required a substantial background in statistics and computer science. In 2015, International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) released the IBM Watson Analytics (IBMWA) software that delivered advanced statistical procedures based on the Statistic...

  13. Analytical Description of Ascending Motion of Rockets in the Atmosphere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodrigues, H.; de Pinho, M. O.; Portes, D., Jr.; Santiago, A.

    2009-01-01

    In continuation of a previous work, we present an analytic study of ascending vertical motion of a rocket subjected to a quadratic drag for the case where the mass-variation law is a linear function of time. We discuss the detailed analytical solution of the model differential equations in closed form. Examples of application are presented and…

  14. The shadow of black holes an analytic description

    CERN Document Server

    Grenzebach, Arne

    2016-01-01

    This book introduces an analytic method to describe the shadow of black holes. As an introduction, it presents a survey of the attempts to observe the shadow of galactic black holes. Based on a detailed discussion of the Plebański–Demiański class of space-times, the book derives analytical formulas for the photon regions and for the boundary curve of the shadow as seen by an observer in the domain of outer communication. It also analyzes how the shadow depends on the motion of the observer. For all cases, the photon regions and shadows are visualized for various values of the parameters. Finally, it considers how the analytical formulas can be used for calculating the horizontal and vertical angular diameters of the shadow, and estimates values for the black holes at the centers of our Galaxy near Sgr A* and of the neighboring galaxy M87.

  15. The exact analytical solution of the problem on the average number of spikes of the narrowband Gaussian stochastic process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan D. Lobanov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the problem of the number of spikes (level crossings of the stationary narrowband Gaussian process has been considered. The process was specified by an exponentially-cosine autocorrelation function. The problem had been solved earlier by Rice in terms of the joint probabilities’ density of the process and its derivative with respect to time, but in our article we obtained the solution using the functional of probabilities’ density (the functional was obtained by Amiantov, as well as an expansion of the canonical stochastic process. In this article, the optimal canonical expansion of a narrowband stochastic process based on the work of Filimonov and Denisov was also considered to solve the problem. The application of all these resources allowed obtaining an exact analytical solution of the problem on spikes of stationary narrowband Gaussian process. The obtained formulae could be used to solve, for example, some problems about the residual resource of some radiotechnical products, about the breaking sea waves and others.

  16. Quasi-analytical description of sideband generation in a FEL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elliott, C.J.

    1985-01-01

    The connection is established between the one-dimensional model and the sidebands in the square pulse two-dimensional problem. The features occurring in the square pulse problem are shown to be directly derived from the energy loss curve for the one-dimensional problem. Incidentally this work also provides a numerical check for two-dimensional (z,t) calculations. In any such calculation numerical diffusion and roundoff alter results. This quasi-analytical technique provides answers that are limited only by the ability to compute the much simpler one-dimensional problem.

  17. Numerical Uncertainty Analysis for Computational Fluid Dynamics using Student T Distribution -- Application of CFD Uncertainty Analysis Compared to Exact Analytical Solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groves, Curtis E.; Ilie, marcel; Shallhorn, Paul A.

    2014-01-01

    Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is the standard numerical tool used by Fluid Dynamists to estimate solutions to many problems in academia, government, and industry. CFD is known to have errors and uncertainties and there is no universally adopted method to estimate such quantities. This paper describes an approach to estimate CFD uncertainties strictly numerically using inputs and the Student-T distribution. The approach is compared to an exact analytical solution of fully developed, laminar flow between infinite, stationary plates. It is shown that treating all CFD input parameters as oscillatory uncertainty terms coupled with the Student-T distribution can encompass the exact solution.

  18. An analytical method for solving exact solutions of the nonlinear Bogoyavlenskii equation and the nonlinear diffusive predator–prey system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Nur Alam

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we apply the exp(-Φ(ξ-expansion method to construct many families of exact solutions of nonlinear evolution equations (NLEEs via the nonlinear diffusive predator–prey system and the Bogoyavlenskii equations. These equations can be transformed to nonlinear ordinary differential equations. As a result, some new exact solutions are obtained through the hyperbolic function, the trigonometric function, the exponential functions and the rational forms. If the parameters take specific values, then the solitary waves are derived from the traveling waves. Also, we draw 2D and 3D graphics of exact solutions for the special diffusive predator–prey system and the Bogoyavlenskii equations by the help of programming language Maple.

  19. 40 CFR 90.421 - Dilute gaseous exhaust sampling and analytical system description.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT... analytical system description. (a) General. The exhaust gas sampling system described in this section is... downstream of the mixing area to ensure a uniform sample distribution across the CVS duct at the sampling...

  20. A Descriptive-Analytic Study of the Practice Field Behavior of a Winning Female Coach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodds, Patt; Rife, Frank

    A winning collegiate field hockey coach was observed across seventeen practice sessions through one complete competitive season. A category system for the event recording of verbal and nonverbal behaviors delivered to the team and to the sixteen individual players produced descriptive-analytic information about relative behavior frequencies for…

  1. Exact and Analytic-Numerical Solutions of Lagging Models of Heat Transfer in a Semi-Infinite Medium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Castro

    2013-01-01

    conduction in a semi-infinite domain, which allow the construction of analytic-numerical solutions with prescribed accuracy. Examples of numerical computations, comparing the properties of the models considered, are presented.

  2. Kinetic Description of Ionospheric Outflows Based on the Exact Form of Fokker-Planck Collision Operator: Electrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khazanov, George V.; Khabibrakhmanov, Ildar K.; Glocer, Alex

    2012-01-01

    We present the results of a finite difference implementation of the kinetic Fokker-Planck model with an exact form of the nonlinear collisional operator, The model is time dependent and three-dimensional; one spatial dimension and two in velocity space. The spatial dimension is aligned with the local magnetic field, and the velocity space is defined by the magnitude of the velocity and the cosine of pitch angle. An important new feature of model, the concept of integration along the particle trajectories, is discussed in detail. Integration along the trajectories combined with the operator time splitting technique results in a solution scheme which accurately accounts for both the fast convection of the particles along the magnetic field lines and relatively slow collisional process. We present several tests of the model's performance and also discuss simulation results of the evolution of the plasma distribution for realistic conditions in Earth's plasmasphere under different scenarios.

  3. An exact analytical solution of the unsteady magnetohydrodynamics nonlinear dynamics of laminar boundary layer due to an impulsively linear stretching sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahabaleshwar, U. S.; Nagaraju, K. R.; Vinay Kumar, P. N.; Baleanu, Dumitru; Lorenzini, Giulio

    2017-03-01

    In this paper, we investigate the theoretical analysis for the unsteady magnetohydrodynamic laminar boundary layer flow due to impulsively stretching sheet. The third-order highly nonlinear partial differential equation modeling the unsteady boundary layer flow brought on by an impulsively stretching flat sheet was solved by applying Adomian decomposition method and Pade approximants. The exact analytical solution so obtained is in terms of rapidly converging power series and each of the variants are easily computable. Variations in parameters such as mass transfer (suction/injection) and Chandrasekhar number on the velocity are observed by plotting the graphs. This particular problem is technically sound and has got applications in expulsion process and related process in fluid dynamics problems.

  4. Exact Analytical Solution of the Peristaltic Nanofluids Flow in an Asymmetric Channel with Flexible Walls and Slip Condition: Application to the Cancer Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelhalim Ebaid

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the cancer treatment, magnetic nanoparticles are injected into the blood vessel nearest to the cancer’s tissues. The dynamic of these nanoparticles occurs under the action of the peristaltic waves generated on the flexible walls of the blood vessel. Studying such nanofluid flow under this action is therefore useful in treating tissues of the cancer. In this paper, the mathematical model describing the slip peristaltic flow of nanofluid was analytically investigated. Exact expressions were deduced for the temperature distribution and nano-particle concentration. In addition, the effects of the slip, thermophoresis, and Brownian motion parameters on the temperature and nano-particle concentration profiles were discussed and further compared with other approximate results in the literatures. In particular, these results have been obtained at the same values of the physical examined parameters that was considered in Akbar et al., “Peristaltic flow of a nanofluid with slip effects,” 2012. The results reveal that remarkable differences are detected between the exact current results and those approximately obtained in the literatures for behaviour of the temperature profile and nano-particles concentration. Accordingly, the current analysis and results are considered as optimal and therefore may be taken as a base for any future comparisons.

  5. Reduced description of nonequilibrium processes and correlation functions. Divergences and non-analyticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.I.Sokolovsky

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A complete theory for investigation of time correlation functions is developed on the basis of the Bogolyubov reduced description method proceeding from his functional hypothesis. The problem of convergence in the theory of nonequilibrium processes and its relation to the non-analytic dependence of basic values of the theory on a small parameter of the perturbation theory are discussed. A natural regularization of integral equations of the theory is proposed. In the framework of a model of slow variables (hydrodynamics of a fluid, kinetics of a gas a generalized perturbation theory without divergencies is constructed corresponding to a partial summation in a usual perturbation theory. Properties of Green functions are discussed on the basis of resolvent formalism for the Liouville operator. A generalized Ernst and Dorfman theory is elaborated allowing to study the peculiarities of correlation and Green functions and to solve the convergence problem in the reduced description method.

  6. Assessment the Relationship between Parents' Literacy Level with Children Growth in Mashhad: An Analytic Descriptive Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bibi Leila Hoseini

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Present children are the investments of community in the future. Preparing children health which leads to the stability of community health, provided to accurate implementation of educational and health programs in the community and especially in mothers. So it is necessary to determine the relationship between parents' literacy with growth rate in children.   Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study was conducted on 300 mothers referring to 10 selected Mashhad health-care centers for monitoring their 6-24-month year old infants. They completed questionnaire. Participants were selected by cluster and simple random sampling. Data were analyzed by descriptive- analytic statistics and using SPSS 16.   Results: Presentfindings showed a significant relationship between literacy  level of parents with child growth status, breast feeding rate, junk food consumption, referring to health care center for growth monitoring, the age of initiating supplementary nutrition, the use of oil and butter in baby food and rate of attending in educational classes. So that higher literacy  level of parents was associated with using more formula, less junk food, oil and butter in baby's food and more referring times to health care center for monitoring child growth, desirable growth, and  also initiating supplementary food more at the assigned time (P

  7. Assessment the Relationship Between Parents' Literacy Level with Children Growth in Mashhad: An Analytic Descriptive Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masumeh Saeidi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Present children are the investments of community in the future. Preparing children health which leads to the stability of community health, provided to accurate implementation of educational and health programs in the community and especially in mothers. So it is necessary to determine the relationship between parents' literacy  with growth rate in children. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study was conducted on 300 mothers referring to 10 selected Mashhad health-care centers for monitoring their 6-24-month year old infants. They completed questionnaire. Participants were selected by cluster and simple random sampling. Data were analyzed by descriptive- analytic statistics and using SPSS 16. Results: Presentfindings showed a significant relationship between literacy  level of parents with child growth status, breast feeding rate, junk food consumption, referring to health care center for growth monitoring, the age of initiating supplementary nutrition, the use of oil and butter in baby food and rate of attending in educational classes. So that higher literacy  level of parents was associated with using more formula, less junk food, oil and butter in baby's food and more referring times to health care center for monitoring child growth, desirable growth, and  also initiating supplementary food more at the assigned time (p

  8. Descriptive and injunctive norms in college drinking: a meta-analytic integration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borsari, Brian; Carey, Kate B

    2003-05-01

    Many college students overestimate both the drinking behaviors (descriptive norms) and the approval of drinking (injunctive norms) of their peers. As a result, consistent self-other discrepancies (SODs) have been observed, in which self-perceptions of drinking behaviors and approval of drinking usually are lower than comparable judgments of others. These SODs form the foundation of the currently popular "social norms approach" to alcohol abuse prevention, which conveys to students the actual campus norms regarding drinking behaviors and approval of alcohol use. However, little attention has been paid to the factors that can influence the magnitude of SODs. This research was conducted to address these issues. This meta-analytic integration of 23 studies evaluated the influence of five predictors of SODs: norm type (injunctive or descriptive), gender, reference group, question specificity and campus size. These studies rendered 102 separate tests of SODs in descriptive and injunctive forms, representing the responses of 53,825 participants. All five predictors were significantly related to self-other differences in the perception of norms. Greater SODs were evident for injunctive norms, estimates by women, distal reference groups and nonspecific questions, as well as on smaller campuses. More systematic attention should be given to how norms are assessed. In particular, SODs can be maximized or minimized, depending on the specificity of the behaviors/attitudes evaluated and the reference groups chosen for comparison.

  9. Finding an analytic description of the resolution function for n_TOF-EAR2 at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Eriksson, John Benjamin

    2017-01-01

    At CERN's neutron time-of-flight facility n_TOF a high intensity pulsed neutron source is used to measure energy-dependent neutron-induced reaction cross sections of isotopes relevant to various fields of research such as nuclear astrophysics, -technology or -medicine. Neutron kinetic energies are determined using the time-of-flight (ToF) technique. A correct ToF to energy conversion is essential and is influenced by many factors, one of which is the so-called resolution function (RF). The RF is a characteristic unique to each experimental facility and can only be determined through simulations using Monte Carlo codes. The goal of this project is to find an analytic description of the RF for n_TOF-EAR2. Two functions for two different energy ranges were found, each a combination of linear, polynomial and exponential functions. Furthermore, the energy dependence of the function's parameters was investigated.

  10. Potential for α -induced nuclear scattering, reaction and decay, and a resonance-pole-decay model with exact explicit analytical solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahu, Basudeb; Bhoi, Swagatika

    2017-10-01

    The decay of α particle from a nucleus is viewed as a quantum resonance state of a two-body scattering process of the α +daughter nucleus pair governed by a novel nucleus-nucleus potential in squared Woods-Saxon form. By the application of the rigorous optical model (OM) potential scattering (S -matrix) theory the genuineness of the potential for the system is established by giving a good explanation of the elastic scattering and reaction cross sections data of the α +nucleus pair. From the pole position in the complex momentum (k ) plane of the S matrix of the real part of the OM potential defined above, the energy and width of the resonance state akin to the decaying state of emission of α particle are extracted and from this width, the result of the α -decay half-life is derived to account for the experimental result of the half-life in the cases of a large number of α emitters including heavy and superheavy nuclei. The S matrix of the real OM potential is replaced by an analytical function expressed in terms of exact Schrödinger solutions of a global potential that closely represents the real Coulomb-nuclear interaction in the interior and the pure Coulomb wave functions outside, and the resonant poles of this S matrix in the complex momentum plane are used to give satisfactory results of decay half-lives of α coming out from varieties of nuclei.

  11. Approximate analytical descriptions of the stationary single-vortex Marangoni convection inside an evaporating sessile droplet of capillary size

    CERN Document Server

    Barash, L Yu

    2013-01-01

    Three versions of an approximate analytical description of the stationary single vortex Marangoni convection in an axially symmetrical sessile drop of capillary size are studied for arbitrary contact angle and compared with the results of numerical simulations. The first approach is heuristic extension of the well-known lubrication approximation. Two other descriptions are developed here and named n\\tau- and rz-description. They are free from most of restrictive assumptions of the lubrication approach. For droplets with large contact angles they result in better accuracy compared to the heuristic extension of the lubrication approach, which still gives reasonable results within the accuracy 10-30 per cent. For droplets with small contact angles all three analytical descriptions well agree with the numerical data.

  12. Tsallis’ maximum entropy ansatz leading to exact analytical time dependent wave packet solutions of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curilef, S.; Plastino, A. R.; Plastino, A.

    2013-06-01

    Tsallis maximum entropy distributions provide useful tools for the study of a wide range of scenarios in mathematics, physics, and other fields. Here we apply a Tsallis maximum entropy ansatz, the q-Gaussian, to obtain time dependent wave-packet solutions to a nonlinear Schrödinger equation recently advanced by Nobre, Rego-Monteiro and Tsallis (NRT) [F.D. Nobre, M.A. Rego-Monteiro, C. Tsallis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106 (2011) 140601]. The NRT nonlinear equation admits plane wave-like solutions (q-plane waves) compatible with the celebrated de Broglie relations connecting wave number and frequency, respectively, with energy and momentum. The NRT equation, inspired in the q-generalized thermostatistical formalism, is characterized by a parameter q and in the limit q→1 reduces to the standard, linear Schrödinger equation. The q-Gaussian solutions to the NRT equation investigated here admit as a particular instance the previously known q-plane wave solutions. The present work thus extends the range of possible processes yielded by the NRT dynamics that admit an analytical, exact treatment. In the q→1 limit the q-Gaussian solutions correspond to the Gaussian wave packet solutions to the free particle linear Schrödinger equation. In the present work we also show that there are other families of nonlinear Schrödinger-like equations, besides the NRT one, exhibiting a dynamics compatible with the de Broglie relations. Remarkably, however, the existence of time dependent Gaussian-like wave packet solutions is a unique feature of the NRT equation not shared by the aforementioned, more general, families of nonlinear evolution equations.

  13. Analytical description of photon beam phase spaces in inverse Compton scattering sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curatolo, C.; Drebot, I.; Petrillo, V.; Serafini, L.

    2017-08-01

    We revisit the description of inverse Compton scattering sources and the photon beams generated therein, emphasizing the behavior of their phase space density distributions and how they depend upon those of the two colliding beams of electrons and photons. The main objective is to provide practical formulas for bandwidth, spectral density, brilliance, which are valid in general for any value of the recoil factor, i.e. both in the Thomson regime of negligible electron recoil, and in the deep Compton recoil dominated region, which is of interest for gamma-gamma colliders and Compton sources for the production of multi-GeV photon beams. We adopt a description based on the center of mass reference system of the electron-photon collision, in order to underline the role of the electron recoil and how it controls the relativistic Doppler/boost effect in various regimes. Using the center of mass reference frame greatly simplifies the treatment, allowing us to derive simple formulas expressed in terms of rms momenta of the two colliding beams (emittance, energy spread, etc.) and the collimation angle in the laboratory system. Comparisons with Monte Carlo simulations of inverse Compton scattering in various scenarios are presented, showing very good agreement with the analytical formulas: in particular we find that the bandwidth dependence on the electron beam emittance, of paramount importance in Thomson regime, as it limits the amount of focusing imparted to the electron beam, becomes much less sensitive in deep Compton regime, allowing a stronger focusing of the electron beam to enhance luminosity without loss of mono-chromaticity. A similar effect occurs concerning the bandwidth dependence on the frequency spread of the incident photons: in deep recoil regime the bandwidth comes out to be much less dependent on the frequency spread. The set of formulas here derived are very helpful in designing inverse Compton sources in diverse regimes, giving a quite accurate first

  14. Analytical description of photon beam phase spaces in inverse Compton scattering sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Curatolo

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available We revisit the description of inverse Compton scattering sources and the photon beams generated therein, emphasizing the behavior of their phase space density distributions and how they depend upon those of the two colliding beams of electrons and photons. The main objective is to provide practical formulas for bandwidth, spectral density, brilliance, which are valid in general for any value of the recoil factor, i.e. both in the Thomson regime of negligible electron recoil, and in the deep Compton recoil dominated region, which is of interest for gamma-gamma colliders and Compton sources for the production of multi-GeV photon beams. We adopt a description based on the center of mass reference system of the electron-photon collision, in order to underline the role of the electron recoil and how it controls the relativistic Doppler/boost effect in various regimes. Using the center of mass reference frame greatly simplifies the treatment, allowing us to derive simple formulas expressed in terms of rms momenta of the two colliding beams (emittance, energy spread, etc. and the collimation angle in the laboratory system. Comparisons with Monte Carlo simulations of inverse Compton scattering in various scenarios are presented, showing very good agreement with the analytical formulas: in particular we find that the bandwidth dependence on the electron beam emittance, of paramount importance in Thomson regime, as it limits the amount of focusing imparted to the electron beam, becomes much less sensitive in deep Compton regime, allowing a stronger focusing of the electron beam to enhance luminosity without loss of mono-chromaticity. A similar effect occurs concerning the bandwidth dependence on the frequency spread of the incident photons: in deep recoil regime the bandwidth comes out to be much less dependent on the frequency spread. The set of formulas here derived are very helpful in designing inverse Compton sources in diverse regimes, giving a

  15. Vibrational spectroscopies: Description of general analytical TDHF schemes for their simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinet, Olivier

    The Raman and hyper-Raman intensities have been determined by means of analytical procedures generalizing the CPHF and TDHF methodologies. The frequency dispersion effects for these quantities are important.

  16. Analytic description of Airy-type beams when truncated by finite apertures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamboni-Rached, Michel; Nóbrega, K Z; Dartora, C A

    2012-08-27

    In this paper, we have developed an analytic method for describing Airy-type beams truncated by finite apertures. This new approach is based on suitable superposition of exponentially decaying Airy beams. Regarding both theoretical and numerical aspects, the results here shown are interesting because they have been quickly evaluated through a simple analytic solution, whose propagation characteristics agree with those already published in literature through the use of numerical methods. To demonstrate the method's potentiality three different truncated beams have been analyzed: ideal Airy, Airy-Gauss and Airy-Exponential.

  17. 40 CFR 89.419 - Dilute gaseous exhaust sampling and analytical system description.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... sample distribution across the CVS duct at the point of sampling. (3) The CO and CO2 analytical system... measurement of hydrocarbon emissions noted in the following paragraph and to prevent condensation of water at... temperature measuring system (sensors and readout) shall have an accuracy and precision of ±2 °C. For systems...

  18. Analytical description of quasi-normal mode in resonant plasmonic nano cavities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Fan; Liu, Haitao; Jia, Hongwei; Zhong, Ying

    2016-03-01

    We propose an analytical model of quasi-normal mode (QNM) for resonant plasmonic nano cavities formed by sub wavelength grooves in metallic substrate. The QNM has shown great advantages in understanding and calculating the frequency response of resonant nano-structures. With our model we show that the QNM originates from a resonance of the fundamental mode in every individual groove and its interaction via surface waves. Analytical expression for the complex eigenfrequency as well as the field distribution of the QNM can be derived from the model. With the analytical model and a few assumptions on the scattered field, the legitimacy of the expansion of scattered field with QNMs under external illuminations is justified with the Mittag-Leffler's theorem of meromorphic function. The expansion coefficients of QNMs are analytically expressed with a finite set of elementary scattering coefficients, which avoids the calculation of the mode volume of QNMs that have a spatial divergence at infinity. The model clarifies the physical origin of QNMs and drastically reduces the computational load of QNMs, especially for a large ensemble of grooves for which brute-force numerical tools are not available. The validity of the proposed model is tested against fully vectorial numerical results.

  19. Patients' perception of noise in the operating room-a descriptive and analytic cross-sectional study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasfeldt, Dorthe; Maindal, Helle Terkildsen; Toft, Palle

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: Noise is a general stressor that affects the cardiovascular system, resulting in increased blood pressure and heart rate, both of which can be problematic for the patient preparing for anesthesia and surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the patient's perception of noise...... in the OR before anesthesia, the correlation between the actual noise levels and the patient's perception of noise, and if there are particular patient subgroups that are especially vulnerable to noise. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was performed within a mixed descriptive and analytical design, including 120...

  20. Developing an edge computing platform for real-time descriptive analytics

    OpenAIRE

    Cao, Hung; Wachowicz, Monica; Cha, Sangwhan

    2017-01-01

    The Internet of Mobile Things encompasses stream data being generated by sensors, network communications that pull and push these data streams, as well as running processing and analytics that can effectively leverage actionable information for transportation planning, management, and business advantage. Edge computing emerges as a new paradigm that decentralizes the communication, computation, control and storage resources from the cloud to the edge of the network. This paper proposes an edg...

  1. A novel analytical description of periodic volume coil geometries in MRI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, D.; Felder, J.; Shah, N. J.

    2018-03-01

    MRI volume coils can be represented by equivalent lumped element circuits and for a variety of these circuit configurations analytical design equations have been presented. The unification of several volume coil topologies results in a two-dimensional gridded equivalent lumped element circuit which compromises the birdcage resonator, its multiple endring derivative but also novel structures like the capacitive coupled ring resonator. The theory section analyzes a general two-dimensional circuit by noting that its current distribution can be decomposed into a longitudinal and an azimuthal dependency. This can be exploited to compare the current distribution with a transfer function of filter circuits along one direction. The resonances of the transfer function coincide with the resonance of the volume resonator and the simple analytical solution can be used as a design equation. The proposed framework is verified experimentally against a novel capacitive coupled ring structure which was derived from the general circuit formulation and is proven to exhibit a dominant homogeneous mode. In conclusion, a unified analytical framework is presented that allows determining the resonance frequency of any volume resonator that can be represented by a two dimensional meshed equivalent circuit.

  2. User-oriented understanding of descriptive, proscriptive and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Keywords: description, dictionary function, empirical basis, exactly descriptive dictionary, exactly proscriptive dictionary, explicitly pre-scriptive dictionary, introspection, linguistic survey, not exactly de-scriptive dictionary, not exactly proscriptive dictionary, prescription, proscription, strongly descriptive dictionary, strongly ...

  3. An analytical description for the elastic compression of metallic polyhedral nanoparticles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Yang

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Metallic nanoparticles are usually polyhedrons instead of perfect spheres, which presents a challenge to characterize their elastic response. In the present paper, the elastic compression of truncated octahedral nanoparticles is investigated through finite element calculations and atomic simulations. An analytical expression of load is obtained for octahedral particles, which is linearly proportional to indent depth, instead of the 3/2 power law relation predicted by Hertzian model for elastic sphere. Comparisons with molecular dynamics simulations demonstrate that the obtained relation can predict the elastic response of polyhedral nanoparticles. This study is helpful to measure the elastic properties of polyhedral nanoparticles, and characterize their elastic response.

  4. Analytical description of thermodynamic properties of steam, water and the phase interface for use in CFD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrubý Jan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available We present a system of analytical equations for computation of all thermodynamic properties of dry steam and liquid water (undesaturated, saturated and metastable supersaturated and properties of the liquid-vapor phase interface. The form of the equations is such that it enables computation of all thermodynamic properties for independent variables directly related to the balanced quantities - total mass, liquid mass, energy, momenta. This makes it suitable for the solvers of fluid dynamics equations in the conservative form. Thermodynamic properties of dry steam and liquid water are formulated in terms of special thermodynamic potentials and all properties are obtained as analytical derivatives. For the surface tension, the IAPWS formula is used. The interfacial internal energy is derived from the surface tension and it is used in the energy balance. Unlike common models, the present one provides real (contrary to perfect gas approximation properties of steam and water and reflects the energetic effects due to the surface tension. The equations are based on re-fitting the reference formulation IAPWS-95 and selected experimental data. The mathematical structure of the equations is optimized for fast computation.

  5. Geomagnetic parameters derived from an analytic description of the earth's magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alldredge, Leroy R.

    A recent geomagnetic model containing 720 trend and trigonometric coefficients represents each spherical harmonic coefficient as a continuous function of time which exactly duplicates the IGRF coefficients at the nine IGRF epochs (1945 to 1985 at five year intervals) and allows a reasonable prediction five years beyond the last epoch. Use of this model permits time derivatives of magnetic elements and other derived quantities to be taken so that a detailed look at several geomagnetic parameters vs time can be obtained. It is shown that from 1945 to 1985 the quadrupole field contributed 2.6 times more power to the secular variation field on the surface of the earth than the dipole field. It is also shown that the root-mean-squared surface field shows a strong periodicity which may be related to the solar cycle. This apparent solar-cycle effect diminishes with time as more satellite data are used indicating that an appreciable part of it may be caused by noisy data and a poor distribution of data for a couple of decades following World War II.

  6. New digital demodulator with matched filters and curve segmentation techniques for BFSK demodulation: Analytical description

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Torres Gómez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The present article relates in general to digital demodulation of Binary Frequency Shift Keying (BFSK. The objective of the present research is to obtain a new processing method for demodulating BFSK-signals in order to reduce hardware complexity in comparison with other methods reported. The solution proposed here makes use of the matched filter theory and curve segmentation algorithms. This paper describes the integration and configuration of a Sampler Correlator and curve segmentation blocks in order to obtain a digital receiver for a proper demodulation of the received signal. The proposed solution is shown to strongly reduce hardware complexity. In this part a presentation of the proposed solution regarding the analytical expressions is addressed. The paper covers in detail the elements needed for properly configuring the system. In a second part it is presented the implementation of the system for FPGA technology and the simulation results in order to validate the overall performance.

  7. Description of Guava Osmotic Dehydration Using a Three-Dimensional Analytical Diffusion Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilton Pereira da Silva

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The mass migrations during osmotic dehydration of guava were studied. Parallelepiped shaped slices were dipping in syrup of distilled water and sucrose with two concentrations and two temperatures. It was supposed that a three-dimensional diffusion model with boundary condition of the first kind satisfactorily describes the mass migrations and that the volume and effective mass diffusivities can be assumed constant during the process. The effective mass diffusivities were determined by coupling the three-dimensional analytical solution of the diffusion equation with an optimizer based on the inverse method. The proposed model well described the kinetics of water and sucrose migrations and enabled determining the mass distributions (water and sucrose within the product at any instant.

  8. Generalizing higher-order Bessel-Gauss beams: analytical description and demonstration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schimpf, Damian N; Schulte, Jan; Putnam, William P; Kärtner, Franz X

    2012-11-19

    We report on a novel class of higher-order Bessel-Gauss beams in which the well-known Bessel-Gauss beam is the fundamental mode and the azimuthally symmetric Laguerre-Gaussian beams are special cases. We find these higher-order Bessel-Gauss beams by superimposing decentered Hermite-Gaussian beams. We show analytically and experimentally that these higher-order Bessel-Gauss beams resemble higher-order eigenmodes of optical resonators consisting of aspheric mirrors. This work is relevant for the many applications of Bessel-Gauss beams in particular the more recently proposed high-intensity Bessel-Gauss enhancement cavities for strong-field physics applications.

  9. Analytical description of field-line random walk in Goldreich-Sridhar turbulence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shalchi, A.; Kolly, A.

    2013-05-01

    We describe analytically the random walk of magnetic field lines for two correlation tensors based on the Goldreich-Sridhar model. We show that for this type of tensor, field-line wandering is normal diffusive in contrast to subdiffusive and superdiffusive transport obtained for other turbulence models. Furthermore, we demonstrate that there are two transport regimes. The first one corresponds to quasi-linear theory, whereas the second one is non-linear. We show that for one of the tensors the quasi-linear regime is obtained in the limit of strong turbulence, whereas the non-linear regime is found for weak turbulence. For the other tensor, we obtain a field-line diffusion coefficient which behaves more like diffusion parameters derived previously.

  10. Laser induced wavefront distortion in thick-disk material: An analytical description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isidro-Ojeda, Michel A.; Alvarado-Gil, Juan J.; Zanuto, Vitor S.; Baesso, Mauro L.; Astrath, Nelson G. C.; Malacarne, Luis C.

    2018-01-01

    Laser induced wavefront distortion is critical for designing and evaluation of optical components for high-power laser and can affect performance and stability of optical systems. The analysis of this effect involves a complex thermoelastic problem only solved in simplified conditions such as the plane-stress or plane-strain configurations. For more realistic descriptions, numerical solutions are required, although recent advances allowed for a unified model to describe the optical path change, regardless of the sample thickness, assuming a sample of infinite radius. In this work, we extend this result for the case of a thick-disk sample by solving the set of differential equations governing the thermoelastic response for the finite radius configuration. These results could represent a significant contribution for designing and characterization of laser systems with potential application in many photothermal methods for material characterization.

  11. Relationship Between Job Characteristics and Organizational Commitment: A Descriptive Analytical Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faraji, Obeidollah; Ramazani, Abbas Ali; Hedaiati, Pouria; Aliabadi, Ali; Elhamirad, Samira; Valiee, Sina

    2015-11-01

    Many factors influence the organizational commitment of employees. One of these factors is job designing since it affects the attitude, beliefs, and feelings of the organization employees. We aimed to determine the relationship between job characteristics and organizational commitment among the employees of hospitals. In this descriptive and correlational study, 152 Iranian employees of the hospitals (physicians, nurses, and administrative staff) were selected through stratified random sampling. Data gathered using 3-part questionnaire of "demographic information", "job characteristics model," and "organizational commitment," in 2011. Study data were analyzed using SPSS v. 16. There was significant statistical correlation between organizational commitment and variables of educational level (P = 0.001) and job category (P = 0.001). Also, a direct and significant correlation existed between motivating potential score and job feedback on one hand and organizational commitment on the other hand (P = 0.014). According to the results, managers of the hospitals should increase staff's commitment through paying attention to proper job designing.

  12. At which magnetic field, exactly, does the Kondo resonance begin to split? A Fermi liquid description of the low-energy properties of the Anderson model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filippone, Michele; Moca, Cǎtǎlin Paşcu; von Delft, Jan; Mora, Christophe

    2017-04-01

    We extend a recently developed Fermi liquid (FL) theory for the asymmetric single-impurity Anderson model [C. Mora et al., Phys. Rev. B 92, 075120 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.075120] to the case of an arbitrary local magnetic field. To describe the system's low-lying quasiparticle excitations for arbitrary values of the bare Hamiltonian's model parameters, we construct an effective low-energy FL Hamiltonian whose FL parameters are expressed in terms of the local level's spin-dependent ground-state occupations and their derivatives with respect to level energy and local magnetic field. These quantities are calculable with excellent accuracy from the Bethe ansatz solution of the Anderson model. Applying this effective model to a quantum dot in a nonequilibrium setting, we obtain exact results for the curvature of the spectral function, cA, describing its leading ˜ɛ2 term, and the transport coefficients cV and cT, describing the leading ˜V2 and ˜T2 terms in the nonlinear differential conductance. A sign change in cA or cV is indicative of a change from a local maximum to a local minimum in the spectral function or nonlinear conductance, respectively, as is expected to occur when an increasing magnetic field causes the Kondo resonance to split into two subpeaks. Surprisingly, we find that the fields BA and BV at which cA and cV change sign are parametrically different, with BA of order TK but BV much larger. In fact, in the Kondo limit cV never vanishes, implying that the conductance retains a (very weak) zero-bias maximum even for strong magnetic field and that the two pronounced finite-bias conductance side peaks caused by the Zeeman splitting of the local level do not emerge from zero-bias voltage.

  13. The Analytical Repository Source-Term (AREST) model: Description and documentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liebetrau, A.M.; Apted, M.J.; Engel, D.W.; Altenhofen, M.K.; Strachan, D.M.; Reid, C.R.; Windisch, C.F.; Erikson, R.L.; Johnson, K.I.

    1987-10-01

    The geologic repository system consists of several components, one of which is the engineered barrier system. The engineered barrier system interfaces with natural barriers that constitute the setting of the repository. A model that simulates the releases from the engineered barrier system into the natural barriers of the geosphere, called a source-term model, is an important component of any model for assessing the overall performance of the geologic repository system. The Analytical Repository Source-Term (AREST) model being developed is one such model. This report describes the current state of development of the AREST model and the code in which the model is implemented. The AREST model consists of three component models and five process models that describe the post-emplacement environment of a waste package. All of these components are combined within a probabilistic framework. The component models are a waste package containment (WPC) model that simulates the corrosion and degradation processes which eventually result in waste package containment failure; a waste package release (WPR) model that calculates the rates of radionuclide release from the failed waste package; and an engineered system release (ESR) model that controls the flow of information among all AREST components and process models and combines release output from the WPR model with failure times from the WPC model to produce estimates of total release. 167 refs., 40 figs., 12 tabs.

  14. An analytical description of balanced steady-state free precession with finite radio-frequency excitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bieri, Oliver

    2011-02-01

    Conceptually, the only flaw in the standard steady-state free precession theory is the assumption of quasi-instantaneous radio-frequency pulses, and 10-20% signal deviations from theory are observed for common balanced steady-state free precession protocols. This discrepancy in the steady-state signal can be resolved by a simple T(2) substitution taking into account reduced transverse relaxation effects during finite radio-frequency excitation. However, finite radio-frequency effects may also affect the transient phase of balanced steady-state free precession, its contrast or its spin-echo nature and thereby have an adverse effect on common steady-state free precession magnetization preparation methods. As a result, an in-depth understanding of finite radio-frequency effects is not only of fundamental theoretical interest but also has direct practical implications. In this article, an analytical solution for balanced steady-state free precession with finite radio-frequency pulses is derived for the transient phase (under ideal conditions) and in the steady state demonstrating that balanced steady-state free precession key features are preserved but revealing an unexpected dependency of finite radio-frequency effects on relaxation times for the transient decay. Finally, the mathematical framework reveals that finite radio-frequency theory can be understood as a generalization of alternating repetition time and fluctuating equilibrium steady-state free precession sequence schemes. Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  15. Analytical description of ballistic spin currents and torques in magnetic tunnel junctions

    KAUST Repository

    Chshiev, M.

    2015-09-21

    In this work we demonstrate explicit analytical expressions for both charge and spin currents which constitute the 2×2 spinor in magnetic tunnel junctions with noncollinear magnetizations under applied voltage. The calculations have been performed within the free electron model in the framework of the Keldysh formalism and WKB approximation. We demonstrate that spin/charge currents and spin transfer torques are all explicitly expressed through only three irreducible quantities, without further approximations. The conditions and mechanisms of deviation from the conventional sine angular dependence of both spin currents and torques are shown and discussed. It is shown in the thick barrier approximation that all tunneling transport quantities can be expressed in an extremely simplified form via Slonczewski spin polarizations and our effective spin averaged interfacial transmission probabilities and effective out-of-plane polarizations at both interfaces. It is proven that the latter plays a key role in the emergence of perpendicular spin torque as well as in the angular dependence character of all spin and charge transport considered. It is demonstrated directly also that for any applied voltage, the parallel component of spin current at the FM/I interface is expressed via collinear longitudinal spin current components. Finally, spin transfer torque behavior is analyzed in a view of transverse characteristic length scales for spin transport.

  16. Universal behaviour of interoccurrence times between losses in financial markets: An analytical description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludescher, J.; Tsallis, C.; Bunde, A.

    2011-09-01

    We consider 16 representative financial records (stocks, indices, commodities, and exchange rates) and study the distribution PQ(r) of the interoccurrence times r between daily losses below negative thresholds -Q, for fixed mean interoccurrence time RQ. We find that in all cases, PQ(r) follows the form PQ(r)~1/[(1+(q- 1)βr]1/(q-1), where β and q are universal constants that depend only on RQ, but not on a specific asset. While β depends only slightly on RQ, the q-value increases logarithmically with RQ, q=1+q0 ln(RQ/2), such that for RQ→2, PQ(r) approaches a simple exponential, PQ(r)cong2-r. The fact that PQ does not scale with RQ is due to the multifractality of the financial markets. The analytic form of PQ allows also to estimate both the risk function and the Value-at-Risk, and thus to improve the estimation of the financial risk.

  17. Numerical Models for Exact Description of in-situ Digital In-Line Holography Experiments with Irregularly-Shaped Arbitrarily-Located Particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Brunel

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available We present the development of a numerical simulator for digital in-line holography applications. In-line holograms of arbitrarily shaped and arbitrarily located objects are calculated using generalized Huygens-Fresnel integrals. The objects are 2D opaque or phase objects. The optical set-up is described by its optical transfer matrix. A wide variety of optical systems, involving windows, spherical or cylindrical lenses, can thus be taken into account. It makes the simulator applicable for design and description of in situ experiments. We discuss future applications of this simulator for detection of nanoparticles in droplets, or calibration of airborne instruments that detect and measure ice crystals in the atmosphere.

  18. On truncations of the exact renormalization group

    CERN Document Server

    Morris, T R

    1994-01-01

    We investigate the Exact Renormalization Group (ERG) description of (Z_2 invariant) one-component scalar field theory, in the approximation in which all momentum dependence is discarded in the effective vertices. In this context we show how one can perform a systematic search for non-perturbative continuum limits without making any assumption about the form of the lagrangian. Concentrating on the non-perturbative three dimensional Wilson fixed point, we then show that the sequence of truncations n=2,3,\\dots, obtained by expanding about the field \\varphi=0 and discarding all powers \\varphi^{2n+2} and higher, yields solutions that at first converge to the answer obtained without truncation, but then cease to further converge beyond a certain point. No completely reliable method exists to reject the many spurious solutions that are also found. These properties are explained in terms of the analytic behaviour of the untruncated solutions -- which we describe in some detail.

  19. Finite-Layer Method: Exact Numerical and Analytical Calculations of the Energy Release Rate for Unidirectional Composite Specimens in Double-Cantilever Beam and End-Notched Flexure Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timonin, A. M.

    2016-09-01

    Based on the finite-layer method, a method for evaluating the stress-strain state and energy release rate for specimens with delaminations in double-cantilever beam and end-notched flexure tests is proposed. Exact numerical solutions of boundary-value problems for the "stiff" systems of differential equations describing deformations of test specimens are obtained. The distributions of forces, moments, displacements, and rotations in the specimens and the distributions of normal and tangential stresses on their midline are presented. New closed-form expressions for these functions and for compliance of the specimens are developed. Calculation results for the energy release rate obtained by a numerical differentiation and from analytical relations are presented. Two new techniques for estimating the energy release rate are proposed: (1) using the calculated values of peak stress and jumps of displacements at the tip of delamination; (2) by evaluation of indeterminacy at the tip of delamination with the use of stresses and derivatives of stresses and displacements. The effect of the transverse shear and Poisson ratio on the results is estimated. A comparison of the numerical and analytical solutions obtained with known results and the ASTM standard is presented.

  20. Quasi exact solution of the Rabi Hamiltonian

    CERN Document Server

    Koç, R; Tuetuencueler, H

    2002-01-01

    A method is suggested to obtain the quasi exact solution of the Rabi Hamiltonian. It is conceptually simple and can be easily extended to other systems. The analytical expressions are obtained for eigenstates and eigenvalues in terms of orthogonal polynomials. It is also demonstrated that the Rabi system, in a particular case, coincides with the quasi exactly solvable Poeschl-Teller potential.

  1. Exact Analytical Solutions for Elastodynamic Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-30

    z2v1ðl; tÞ ¼ 0; see also Nonaka et al. (1996, Eq. (17)). 176 G.A. Gazonas et al. / International Journal of Solids and Structures 75–76 (2015) 172–187...1–63. Nonaka , T., Clifton, R.J., Taichirookazaki, T., 1996. Longitudinal elastic waves in columns due to earthquake motion. Int. J. Impact Eng. 18

  2. Exact analytical density profiles and surface tension

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    to nonideality, which distinguish electrolyte from nonelectrolyte solutions. An example is provided by the excess surface tension for an air–water interface, which is determined by the excess particle density, and which was first calculated by Onsager and Samaras. Because of the discrepancy between the dielectric constants ...

  3. A Methodology In Processing Descriptive Analytics Using MMDA Traffic Update Tweets Tokenization And Classification Tree In Discovering Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tristan Jay P. Calaguas

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Traffic on National Capital Region of the Philippines is going as one of many problems facing by the local government and Filipino citizen who are residing in Metro Manila. In addition a Filipino citizen that is working in Metro Manila is experiencing a waste of Twenty Eight Thousand hours in traffic which results unproductivity. Due to traffic that causes long commutes it take away an individual from exercise activities that results fatigue in their health. In relation with this due to lack of exercise that causing by the traffic each year One Hundred Seventy Thousand Filipinos die from cardiovascular diseases up from Eighty Five Thousand more than Twenty years ago according to 2009 study by the Department of Health DOH. Population increase is one of many causes of traffic in Metro Manila. As population is growing the more car riders and commuters volume will be in the road including delivery trucks Pedi cabs jeeps and provincial buses that signify that there is a high employment rate in the country that causes traffic. However to sustain the public needs MMDA is the government agency that provides public services to Filipino citizens through providing updated public traffic information. For past years MMDA used Telephony lines and Television Broadcasting for traffic information dissemination which is very costly in maintenance that made them to adopt Twitter to post Traffic updates and advisories to the public .Since this government agency uses Twitter in disseminating information through posting tweet there is a need for a methodology on how these tweets will analyze so that citizens will have an insight in decision making to avoid specific time of traffic in metro manila. From this condition the researcher will adopt the use of MMDA tweets as the primary data source and apply the CRISP as the knowledge discovery standard processes that to be used in building methodology for descriptive analytics. In this experimental research several

  4. ExactPack Documentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singleton, Robert Jr. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Israel, Daniel M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Doebling, Scott William [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Woods, Charles Nathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kaul, Ann [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Walter, John William Jr [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rogers, Michael Lloyd [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2016-05-09

    For code verification, one compares the code output against known exact solutions. There are many standard test problems used in this capacity, such as the Noh and Sedov problems. ExactPack is a utility that integrates many of these exact solution codes into a common API (application program interface), and can be used as a stand-alone code or as a python package. ExactPack consists of python driver scripts that access a library of exact solutions written in Fortran or Python. The spatial profiles of the relevant physical quantities, such as the density, fluid velocity, sound speed, or internal energy, are returned at a time specified by the user. The solution profiles can be viewed and examined by a command line interface or a graphical user interface, and a number of analysis tools and unit tests are also provided. We have documented the physics of each problem in the solution library, and provided complete documentation on how to extend the library to include additional exact solutions. ExactPack’s code architecture makes it easy to extend the solution-code library to include additional exact solutions in a robust, reliable, and maintainable manner.

  5. On truncations of the exact renormalization group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Tim R.

    1994-08-01

    We investigate the Exact Renormalization Group (ERG) description of ( Z2 invariant) one-component scalar field theory, in the approximation in which all momentum dependence is discarded in the effective vertices. In this context we show how one can perform a systematic search for non-perturbative continuum limits without making any assumption about the form of the lagrangian. The approximation is seen to be a good one, both qualitatively and quantitatively. We then consider the further approximation of truncating the lagrangian to polynomial in the field dependence. Concentrating on the non-perturbative three dimensional Wilson fixed point, we show that the sequence of truncations n = 2,3,…, obtained by expanding about the field ϕ = 0 and discarding all powers ϕ2 n+2 and higher, yields solutions that at first converge to the answer obtained without truncation, but then cease to further converge beyond a certain point. Within the sequence of truncations, no completely reliable method exists to reject the many spurious solutions that are also generated. These properties are explained in terms of the analytic behaviour of the untruncated solutions - which we describe in some detail.

  6. Analytic description of Raman-induced frequency shift in the case of non-soliton ultrashort pulses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bugay, Aleksandr N., E-mail: bugay_aleksandr@mail.ru [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Joliot-Curie 6, 141980, Dubna, Moscow Region (Russian Federation); Khalyapin, Vyacheslav A., E-mail: slavasxi@gmail.com [Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad, 236041 (Russian Federation); Kaliningrad State Technical University, Kaliningrad, 236000 (Russian Federation)

    2017-01-30

    Raman-induced frequency shift of ultrashort pulses have been studied extensively for the soliton propagation regime. Here we derive explicit analytic expressions for the evolution of Raman-induced frequency shift in much less studied case of non-soliton ultrashort pulses. Pulse spectra may belong to any region of group velocity dispersion including zero group dispersion point. The analysis is based on the moment method. Obtained expressions fit well to the numerical solution of the nonlinear wave equation. - Highlights: • Explicit analytic formulas for the evolution of Raman-induced frequency shift are derived in the case of non-soliton pulses. • Dynamics of non-soliton ultrashort pulses in the cases of positive and zero group dispersion is considered. • The deceleration and the saturation of Raman-induced frequency shift are analyzed. • The calculation relies on the moment method and fit well to the numerical solution of the nonlinear wave equation.

  7. Analytic materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milton, Graeme W

    2016-11-01

    The theory of inhomogeneous analytic materials is developed. These are materials where the coefficients entering the equations involve analytic functions. Three types of analytic materials are identified. The first two types involve an integer p. If p takes its maximum value, then we have a complete analytic material. Otherwise, it is incomplete analytic material of rank p. For two-dimensional materials, further progress can be made in the identification of analytic materials by using the well-known fact that a 90(°) rotation applied to a divergence-free field in a simply connected domain yields a curl-free field, and this can then be expressed as the gradient of a potential. Other exact results for the fields in inhomogeneous media are reviewed. Also reviewed is the subject of metamaterials, as these materials provide a way of realizing desirable coefficients in the equations.

  8. Electrical wave propagation in an anisotropic model of the left ventricle based on analytical description of cardiac architecture.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey F Pravdin

    Full Text Available We develop a numerical approach based on our recent analytical model of fiber structure in the left ventricle of the human heart. A special curvilinear coordinate system is proposed to analytically include realistic ventricular shape and myofiber directions. With this anatomical model, electrophysiological simulations can be performed on a rectangular coordinate grid. We apply our method to study the effect of fiber rotation and electrical anisotropy of cardiac tissue (i.e., the ratio of the conductivity coefficients along and across the myocardial fibers on wave propagation using the ten Tusscher-Panfilov (2006 ionic model for human ventricular cells. We show that fiber rotation increases the speed of cardiac activation and attenuates the effects of anisotropy. Our results show that the fiber rotation in the heart is an important factor underlying cardiac excitation. We also study scroll wave dynamics in our model and show the drift of a scroll wave filament whose velocity depends non-monotonically on the fiber rotation angle; the period of scroll wave rotation decreases with an increase of the fiber rotation angle; an increase in anisotropy may cause the breakup of a scroll wave, similar to the mother rotor mechanism of ventricular fibrillation.

  9. Electrical wave propagation in an anisotropic model of the left ventricle based on analytical description of cardiac architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pravdin, Sergey F; Dierckx, Hans; Katsnelson, Leonid B; Solovyova, Olga; Markhasin, Vladimir S; Panfilov, Alexander V

    2014-01-01

    We develop a numerical approach based on our recent analytical model of fiber structure in the left ventricle of the human heart. A special curvilinear coordinate system is proposed to analytically include realistic ventricular shape and myofiber directions. With this anatomical model, electrophysiological simulations can be performed on a rectangular coordinate grid. We apply our method to study the effect of fiber rotation and electrical anisotropy of cardiac tissue (i.e., the ratio of the conductivity coefficients along and across the myocardial fibers) on wave propagation using the ten Tusscher-Panfilov (2006) ionic model for human ventricular cells. We show that fiber rotation increases the speed of cardiac activation and attenuates the effects of anisotropy. Our results show that the fiber rotation in the heart is an important factor underlying cardiac excitation. We also study scroll wave dynamics in our model and show the drift of a scroll wave filament whose velocity depends non-monotonically on the fiber rotation angle; the period of scroll wave rotation decreases with an increase of the fiber rotation angle; an increase in anisotropy may cause the breakup of a scroll wave, similar to the mother rotor mechanism of ventricular fibrillation.

  10. Determinants of Knowledge and Safety Practices of Occupational Hazards of Textile Dye Workers in Sokoto, Nigeria: A Descriptive Analytic Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okafoagu, Nneka Christina; Oche, Mansur; Awosan, Kehinde Joseph; Abdulmulmuni, Hashim Bala; Gana, Godwin Jiya; Ango, Jessica Timane; Raji, Ismail

    2017-06-23

    Textile dye workers are subject to occupational hazards on a daily basis due to exposure to precarious conditions in the workplace. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and safety practices and its determinants among textile dye workers in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 200 textile dye workers and the respondents were selected by multi stage sampling technique. Data was collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Data was processed using SPSS IBM version 20 and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Majority of the respondents (74.0%) had good knowledge of workplace hazards; (81.0%) had positive attitude and only 20% observed all the safety practices. Formal education (P=0.047); working less than 5 days a week (P=0.001) and permanent employment (P=0.013) were found to be determinants of respondents' knowledge and attitude towards workplace hazards. Although the respondents had good knowledge and positive attitude, their lack of observance of safety practices brings to fore the need for direct safety instruction and training and retraining of textile dye workers on workplace hazards and safety practices.

  11. Contrast Mining for Pattern Discovery and Descriptive Analytics to Tailor Sub-Groups of Patients Using Big Data Solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phinney, Michael A; Zhuang, Yan; Lander, Sean; Sheets, Lincoln; Parker, Jerry C; Shyu, Chi-Ren

    2017-01-01

    The shift to electronic health records has created a plethora of information ready to be examined and acted upon by those in the medical and computational fields. While this allows for novel research on a scale unthinkable in the past, all discoveries still rely on some initial insight leading to a hypothesis. As the size and variety of data grows so do the number of potential findings, making it necessary to optimize hypothesis generation to increase the rate and importance of discoveries produced from the data. By using distributed Association Rule Mining and Contrast Mining in a big data ecosystem, it is possible to discover discrepancies within large, complex populations which are inaccessible using traditional methods. These discrepancies, when used as hypotheses, can help improve patient care through decision support, population health analytics, and other areas of healthcare.

  12. Exact Threshold Circuits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kristoffer Arnsfelt; Podolskii, Vladimir V.

    2010-01-01

    with the well-studied corresponding hierarchies defined using ordinary threshold gates. A major open problem in Boolean circuit complexity is to provide an explicit super-polynomial lower bound for depth two threshold circuits. We identify the class of depth two exact threshold circuits as a natural subclass...

  13. Analytical description of missing transverse-momentum trigger rates in ATLAS with 7 and 8 TeV data

    CERN Document Server

    The ATLAS collaboration

    2017-01-01

    The missing transverse-momentum (MET) trigger of the ATLAS experiment is based on the measurement of the energy deposited over the full calorimeter acceptance. The MET trigger rate for a fixed threshold therefore strongly depends on the number of collisions per bunch crossing produced by the CERN LHC. For useful trigger thresholds, the MET trigger rate is dominated by mismeasuement giving rise to an apparent transverse-momentum imbalance, rather than particles escaping the detector. This note presents an analytic model for the resulting MET distribution, which arises from two main sources. At low MET values, detector resolution effects dominate. These depend on the scalar sum of the transverse projection of energies measured in the event and on the mean number \\mu of collisions per bunch crossing (a measure of the LHC instantaneous luminosity). In this region, the MET trigger rate decreases exponentially with the trigger’s MET threshold value. However, in the same region the absolute rate of a fixed thresho...

  14. Exact Relativistic `Antigravity' Propulsion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felber, Franklin S.

    2006-01-01

    The Schwarzschild solution is used to find the exact relativistic motion of a payload in the gravitational field of a mass moving with constant velocity. At radial approach or recession speeds faster than 3-1/2 times the speed of light, even a small mass gravitationally repels a payload. At relativistic speeds, a suitable mass can quickly propel a heavy payload from rest nearly to the speed of light with negligible stresses on the payload.

  15. Stream temperature prediction in ungauged basins: review of recent approaches and description of a new physically-based analytical model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallice, A.; Schaefli, B.; Lehning, M.; Parlange, M. P.; Huwald, H.

    2015-04-01

    The development of stream temperature regression models at regional scales has regained some popularity over the past years. These models are used to predict stream temperature in ungauged catchments to assess the impact of human activities or climate change on riverine fauna over large spatial areas. A comprehensive literature review presented in this study shows that the temperature metrics predicted by the majority of models correspond to yearly aggregates, such as the popular annual maximum weekly mean temperature (MWMT). As a consequence, current models are often unable to predict the annual cycle of stream temperature, nor can the majority of them forecast the interannual variation of stream temperature. This study presents a new model to estimate the monthly mean stream temperature of ungauged rivers over multiple years in an Alpine country (Switzerland). Contrary to the models developed to date, which mostly rely upon statistical regression to express stream temperature as a function of physiographic and climatic variables, this one rests upon the analytical solution to a simplified version of the energy-balance equation over an entire stream network. This physically-based approach presents some advantages: (1) the functional form linking stream temperature to the predictor variables is directly obtained from first principles, (2) the spatial extent over which the predictor variables are averaged naturally arises during model development, and (3) the regression coefficients can be interpreted from a physical point of view - their values can therefore be constrained to remain within plausible bounds. The evaluation of the model over a new freely available data set shows that the monthly mean stream temperature curve can be reproduced with a root mean square error of ±1.3 °C, which is similar in precision to the predictions obtained with a multi-linear regression model. We illustrate through a simple example how the physical basis of the model can be used

  16. Classical charged fluids at equilibrium near an interface: Exact ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics; Volume 64; Issue 5. Classical charged fluids at equilibrium near an interface: Exact analytical density profiles and surface tension. Françoise Cornu. Invited Talks:- Topic 1. Rigorous results and exact solutions; general aspects of statistical physics; thermodynamics Volume 64 ...

  17. Efficient exact motif discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marschall, Tobias; Rahmann, Sven

    2009-06-15

    The motif discovery problem consists of finding over-represented patterns in a collection of biosequences. It is one of the classical sequence analysis problems, but still has not been satisfactorily solved in an exact and efficient manner. This is partly due to the large number of possibilities of defining the motif search space and the notion of over-representation. Even for well-defined formalizations, the problem is frequently solved in an ad hoc manner with heuristics that do not guarantee to find the best motif. We show how to solve the motif discovery problem (almost) exactly on a practically relevant space of IUPAC generalized string patterns, using the p-value with respect to an i.i.d. model or a Markov model as the measure of over-representation. In particular, (i) we use a highly accurate compound Poisson approximation for the null distribution of the number of motif occurrences. We show how to compute the exact clump size distribution using a recently introduced device called probabilistic arithmetic automaton (PAA). (ii) We define two p-value scores for over-representation, the first one based on the total number of motif occurrences, the second one based on the number of sequences in a collection with at least one occurrence. (iii) We describe an algorithm to discover the optimal pattern with respect to either of the scores. The method exploits monotonicity properties of the compound Poisson approximation and is by orders of magnitude faster than exhaustive enumeration of IUPAC strings (11.8 h compared with an extrapolated runtime of 4.8 years). (iv) We justify the use of the proposed scores for motif discovery by showing our method to outperform other motif discovery algorithms (e.g. MEME, Weeder) on benchmark datasets. We also propose new motifs on Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The method has been implemented in Java. It can be obtained from http://ls11-www.cs.tu-dortmund.de/people/marschal/paa_md/.

  18. Finding optimal exact reducts

    KAUST Repository

    AbouEisha, Hassan M.

    2014-01-01

    The problem of attribute reduction is an important problem related to feature selection and knowledge discovery. The problem of finding reducts with minimum cardinality is NP-hard. This paper suggests a new algorithm for finding exact reducts with minimum cardinality. This algorithm transforms the initial table to a decision table of a special kind, apply a set of simplification steps to this table, and use a dynamic programming algorithm to finish the construction of an optimal reduct. I present results of computer experiments for a collection of decision tables from UCIML Repository. For many of the experimented tables, the simplification steps solved the problem.

  19. Sous le soleil exactement.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Chenal

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available © Benoît Vollmer, sans titre, Nouakchott, 2007. Le travail scientifique a toujours entretenu un rapport étroit avec l’image. Dans le domaine de la médecine, l’imagerie passe aujourd’hui pour être indispensable à la plupart des interventions sur les corps ; les scanners, irm et autres procédés montrent une utilisation possible de l’image dans le monde des sciences exactes. La police scientifique que popularisent Ncis ou Les Experts , qu’ils soient de Miami, de Manhattan ...

  20. Exact solution to fractional logistic equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Bruce J.

    2015-07-01

    The logistic equation is one of the most familiar nonlinear differential equations in the biological and social sciences. Herein we provide an exact solution to an extension of this equation to incorporate memory through the use of fractional derivatives in time. The solution to the fractional logistic equation (FLE) is obtained using the Carleman embedding technique that allows the nonlinear equation to be replaced by an infinite-order set of linear equations, which we then solve exactly. The formal series expansion for the initial value solution of the FLE is shown to be expressed in terms of a series of weighted Mittag-Leffler functions that reduces to the well known analytic solution in the limit where the fractional index for the derivative approaches unity. The numerical integration to the FLE provides an excellent fit to the analytic solution. We propose this approach as a general technique for solving a class of nonlinear fractional differential equations.

  1. Introduction to Hubbard model and exact diagonalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Akbar Jafari

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available  Hubbard model is an important model in the theory of strongly correlated electron systems. In this contribution we introduce this model and the concepts of electron correlation by building on a tight binding model. After enumerating various methods of tackling the Hubbard model, we introduce the numerical method of exact diagonalization in detail. The book keeping and practical implementation aspects are illustrated with analytically solvable example of two-site Hubbard model.

  2. Introduction to Hubbard model and exact diagonalization

    OpenAIRE

    S. Akbar Jafari

    2008-01-01

     Hubbard model is an important model in the theory of strongly correlated electron systems. In this contribution we introduce this model and the concepts of electron correlation by building on a tight binding model. After enumerating various methods of tackling the Hubbard model, we introduce the numerical method of exact diagonalization in detail. The book keeping and practical implementation aspects are illustrated with analytically solvable example of two-site Hubbard model.

  3. Exact BPS bound for noncommutative baby Skyrmions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Domrin, Andrei, E-mail: domrin@mi.ras.ru [Department of Mathematics and Mechanics, Moscow State University, Leninskie gory, 119992, GSP-2, Moscow (Russian Federation); Lechtenfeld, Olaf, E-mail: lechtenf@itp.uni-hannover.de [Institut für Theoretische Physik and Riemann Center for Geometry and Physics, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Appelstraße 2, 30167 Hannover (Germany); Linares, Román, E-mail: lirr@xanum.uam.mx [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa, San Rafael Atlixco 186, C.P. 09340, México D.F. (Mexico); Maceda, Marco, E-mail: mmac@xanum.uam.mx [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa, San Rafael Atlixco 186, C.P. 09340, México D.F. (Mexico)

    2013-11-25

    The noncommutative baby Skyrme model is a Moyal deformation of the two-dimensional sigma model plus a Skyrme term, with a group-valued or Grassmannian target. Exact abelian solitonic solutions have been identified analytically in this model, with a singular commutative limit. Inside any given Grassmannian, we establish a BPS bound for the energy functional, which is saturated by these baby Skyrmions. This asserts their stability for unit charge, as we also test in second-order perturbation theory.

  4. Degradation Mechanisms in Solid-Oxide Fuel and Electrolyzer Cells: Analytical Description of Nickel Agglomeration in a Ni /Y S Z Electrode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kröll, L.; de Haart, L. G. J.; Vinke, I.; Eichel, R.-A.

    2017-04-01

    The microstructural evolution of a porous electrode consisting of a metal-ceramic matrix, consisting of nickel and yttria-stabilized zirconia (Y S Z ), is one of the main degradation mechanisms in a solid-oxide cell (SOC), in either fuel cell or electrolyzer mode. In that respect, the agglomeration of nickel particles in a SOC electrode leads to a decrease in the electronic conductivity as well as in the active catalytic area for the oxidation-reduction reaction of the fuel-water steam. An analytical model of the agglomeration behavior of a Ni /Y S Z electrode is proposed that allows for a quantitative description of the nickel agglomeration. The accuracy of the model is validated in terms of a comparison with experimental degradation measurements. The model is based on contact probabilities of nickel clusters in a porous network of nickel and Y S Z , derived from an algorithm of the agglomeration process. The iterative algorithm is converted into an analytical function, which involves structural parameters of the electrode, such as the porosity and the nickel content. Furthermore, to describe the agglomeration mechanism, the influence of the steam content and the flux rate are taken into account via reactions on the nickel surface. In the next step, the developed agglomeration model is combined with the mechanism of the Ostwald ripening. The calculated grain-size growth is compared to measurements at different temperatures and under low flux rates and low steam content, as well as under high flux rates and high steam content. The results confirm the necessity of connecting the two mechanisms and clarify the circumstances in which the single processes occur and how they contribute to the total agglomeration of the particles in the electrode.

  5. Exact Solutions to Maccari's System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Jun-Ting; Gong, Lun-Xun

    2007-07-01

    Based on the generalized Riccati relation, an algebraic method to construct a series of exact solutions to nonlinear evolution equations is proposed. Being concise and straightforward, the method is applied to Maccari's system, and some exact solutions of the system are obtained. The method is of important significance in exploring exact solutions for other nonlinear evolution equations.

  6. The Neglected Exactness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endom, Joerg

    2014-05-01

    negligible any more. Locating for example the exact position of joints, rebars on site, getting correct calibration information or overlaying measurements of independent methods requires high accuracy positioning for all data. Different technologies of synchronizing and stabilizing are discussed in this presentation. Furthermore a scale problem for interdisciplinary work between the geotechnical engineer, the civil engineer, the surveyor and the geophysicist is presented. Manufacturers as well as users are addressed to work on a unified methodology that could be implemented in future. This presentation is a contribution to COST Action TU1208.

  7. Exact Relativistic Magnetized Haloes around Rotating Disks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio C. Gutiérrez-Piñeres

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The study of the dynamics of magnetic fields in galaxies is one of important problems in formation and evolution of galaxies. In this paper, we present the exact relativistic treatment of a rotating disk surrounded by a magnetized material halo. The features of the halo and disk are described by the distributional energy-momentum tensor of a general fluid in canonical form. All the relevant quantities and the metric and electromagnetic potentials are exactly determined by an arbitrary harmonic function only. For instance, the generalized Kuzmin-disk potential is used. The particular class of solutions obtained is asymptotically flat and satisfies all the energy conditions. Moreover, the motion of a charged particle on the halo is described. As far as we know, this is the first relativistic model describing analytically the magnetized halo of a rotating disk.

  8. Exact piecewise flat gravitational waves

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van de Meent, M.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/314007067

    2011-01-01

    We generalize our previous linear result (van de Meent 2011 Class. Quantum Grav 28 075005) in obtaining gravitational waves from our piecewise flat model for gravity in 3+1 dimensions to exact piecewise flat configurations describing exact planar gravitational waves. We show explicitly how to

  9. Exact asymmetric Skyrmion in anisotropic ferromagnet and its helimagnetic application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjan Kundu

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Topological Skyrmions as intricate spin textures were observed experimentally in helimagnets on 2d plane. Theoretical foundation of such solitonic states to appear in pure ferromagnetic model, as exact solutions expressed through any analytic function, was made long ago by Belavin and Polyakov (BP. We propose an innovative generalization of the BP solution for an anisotropic ferromagnet, based on a physically motivated geometric (in-equality, which takes the exact Skyrmion to a new class of functions beyond analyticity. The possibility of stabilizing such metastable states in helimagnets is discussed with the construction of individual Skyrmion, Skyrmion crystal and lattice with asymmetry, likely to be detected in precision experiments.

  10. Exact asymmetric Skyrmion in anisotropic ferromagnet and its helimagnetic application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kundu, Anjan, E-mail: anjan.kundu@saha.ac.in

    2016-08-15

    Topological Skyrmions as intricate spin textures were observed experimentally in helimagnets on 2d plane. Theoretical foundation of such solitonic states to appear in pure ferromagnetic model, as exact solutions expressed through any analytic function, was made long ago by Belavin and Polyakov (BP). We propose an innovative generalization of the BP solution for an anisotropic ferromagnet, based on a physically motivated geometric (in-)equality, which takes the exact Skyrmion to a new class of functions beyond analyticity. The possibility of stabilizing such metastable states in helimagnets is discussed with the construction of individual Skyrmion, Skyrmion crystal and lattice with asymmetry, likely to be detected in precision experiments.

  11. Exact Eigenfunctions of a Chaotic System

    CERN Document Server

    Ausländer, O M

    1997-01-01

    The interest in the properties of quantum systems, whose classical dynamics are chaotic, derives from their abundance in nature. The spectrum of such systems can be related, in the semiclassical approximation (SCA), to the unstable classical periodic orbits, through Gutzwiller's trace formula. The class of systems studied in this work, tiling billiards on the pseudo-sphere, is special in this correspondence being exact, via Selberg's trace formula. In this work, an exact expression for Green's function (GF) and the eigenfunctions (EF) of tiling billiards on the pseudo-sphere, whose classical dynamics are chaotic, is derived. GF is shown to be equal to the quotient of two infinite sums over periodic orbits, where the denominator is the spectral determinant. Such a result is known to be true for typical chaotic systems, in the leading SCA. From the exact expression for GF, individual EF can be identified. In order to obtain a SCA by finite series for the infinite sums encountered, resummation by analytic contin...

  12. Exact cosmological solutions for MOG

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roshan, Mahmood [Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 1436, Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-09-15

    We find some new exact cosmological solutions for the covariant scalar-tensor-vector gravity theory, the so-called modified gravity (MOG). The exact solution of the vacuum field equations has been derived. Also, for non-vacuum cases we have found some exact solutions with the aid of the Noether symmetry approach. More specifically, the symmetry vector and also the Noether conserved quantity associated to the point-like Lagrangian of the theory have been found. Also we find the exact form of the generic vector field potential of this theory by considering the behavior of the relevant point-like Lagrangian under the infinitesimal generator of the Noether symmetry. Finally, we discuss the cosmological implications of the solutions. (orig.)

  13. Exact solution for generalized pairing

    OpenAIRE

    Pan, Feng; Draayer, J. P.

    1997-01-01

    An infinite dimensional algebra, which is useful for deriving exact solutions of the generalized pairing problem, is introduced. A formalism for diagonalizing the corresponding Hamiltonian is also proposed. The theory is illustrated with some numerical examples.

  14. n-Monotone exact functionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Cooman, Gert; Troffaes, Matthias C. M.; Miranda, Enrique

    2008-11-01

    We study n-monotone functionals, which constitute a generalisation of n-monotone set functions. We investigate their relation to the concepts of exactness and natural extension, which generalise coherence and natural extension in the behavioural theory of imprecise probabilities. We improve upon a number of results in the literature, and prove among other things a representation result for exact n-monotone functionals in terms of Choquet integrals.

  15. Exact semiclassical expansions for one-dimensional quantum oscillators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delabaere, E. [UMR CNRS J. A. Dieudonne No. 6621, University of Nice, 06108 Nice Cedex 2 (France); Dillinger, H.; Pham, F. [University of Nice, Department of Maths, UMR CNRS J.A. Dieudonne No. 6621, 06108 Nice Cedex 2 (France)

    1997-12-01

    A set of rules is given for dealing with WKB expansions in the one-dimensional analytic case, whereby such expansions are not considered as approximations but as exact encodings of wave functions, thus allowing for analytic continuation with respect to whichever parameters the potential function depends on, with an exact control of small exponential effects. These rules, which include also the case when there are double turning points, are illustrated on various examples, and applied to the study of bound state or resonance spectra. In the case of simple oscillators, it is thus shown that the Rayleigh{endash}Schr{umlt o}dinger series is Borel resummable, yielding the exact energy levels. In the case of the symmetrical anharmonic oscillator, one gets a simple and rigorous justification of the Zinn-Justin quantization condition, and of its solution in terms of {open_quotes}multi-instanton expansions.{close_quotes} {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  16. An Exactly Solvable Model for the Spread of Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mickens, Ronald E.

    2012-01-01

    We present a new SIR epidemiological model whose exact analytical solution can be calculated. In this model, unlike previous models, the infective population becomes zero at a finite time. Remarkably, these results can be derived from only an elementary knowledge of differential equations.

  17. Electromagnetic shock wave in nonlinear vacuum: exact solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovachev, Lubomir M; Georgieva, Daniela A; Kovachev, Kamen L

    2012-10-01

    An analytical approach to the theory of electromagnetic waves in nonlinear vacuum is developed. The evolution of the pulse is governed by a system of nonlinear wave vector equations. An exact solution with its own angular momentum in the form of a shock wave is obtained.

  18. Exact solutions, energy, and charge of stable Q-balls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bazeia, D.; Marques, M.A. [Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Departamento de Fisica, Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil); Menezes, R. [Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Departamento de Ciencias Exatas, Rio Tinto, PB (Brazil); Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Departamento de Fisica, Campina Grande, PB (Brazil)

    2016-05-15

    In this work we deal with nontopological solutions of the Q-ball type in two spacetime dimensions. We study models of current interest, described by a Higgs-like and other, similar potentials which unveil the presence of exact solutions. We use the analytic results to investigate how to control the energy and charge to make the Q-balls stable. (orig.)

  19. Exact results on the steady state of a hopping model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, M. Q.

    1987-03-01

    A hopping model described by Katz, Lebowitz, and Spohn [J. Stat. Phys. 34, 497 (1983)] and by Valles and Marro [J. Stat. Phys. 43, 441 (1986)] is studied analytically for small lattice systems. The dependence of the nonequilibrium steady state on various parameters and transition rate functions is obtained exactly. The results are compared with simulations on large systems.

  20. Exact solution of the neutron transport equation in spherical geometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anli, Fikret; Akkurt, Abdullah; Yildirim, Hueseyin; Ates, Kemal [Kahramanmaras Suetcue Imam Univ. (Turkey). Faculty of Sciences and Letters

    2017-03-15

    Solution of the neutron transport equation in one dimensional slab geometry construct a basis for the solution of neutron transport equation in a curvilinear geometry. Therefore, in this work, we attempt to derive an exact analytical benchmark solution for both neutron transport equations in slab and spherical medium by using P{sub N} approximation which is widely used in neutron transport theory.

  1. Exact discretization by Fourier transforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarasov, Vasily E.

    2016-08-01

    A discretization of differential and integral operators of integer and non-integer orders is suggested. New type of differences, which are represented by infinite series, is proposed. A characteristic feature of the suggested differences is an implementation of the same algebraic properties that have the operator of differentiation (property of algebraic correspondence). Therefore the suggested differences are considered as an exact discretization of derivatives. These differences have a property of universality, which means that these operators do not depend on the form of differential equations and the parameters of these equations. The suggested differences operators allows us to have difference equations whose solutions are equal to the solutions of corresponding differential equations. The exact discretization of the derivatives of integer orders is given by the suggested differences of the same integer orders. Similarly, the exact discretization of the Riesz derivatives and integrals of integer and non-integer order is given by the proposed fractional differences of the same order.

  2. Exact analysis of discrete data

    CERN Document Server

    Hirji, Karim F

    2005-01-01

    Researchers in fields ranging from biology and medicine to the social sciences, law, and economics regularly encounter variables that are discrete or categorical in nature. While there is no dearth of books on the analysis and interpretation of such data, these generally focus on large sample methods. When sample sizes are not large or the data are otherwise sparse, exact methods--methods not based on asymptotic theory--are more accurate and therefore preferable.This book introduces the statistical theory, analysis methods, and computation techniques for exact analysis of discrete data. After reviewing the relevant discrete distributions, the author develops the exact methods from the ground up in a conceptually integrated manner. The topics covered range from univariate discrete data analysis, a single and several 2 x 2 tables, a single and several 2 x K tables, incidence density and inverse sampling designs, unmatched and matched case -control studies, paired binary and trinomial response models, and Markov...

  3. When 'exact recovery' is exact recovery in compressed sensing simulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sturm, Bob L.

    2012-01-01

    In a simulation of compressed sensing (CS), one must test whether the recovered solution \\(\\vax\\) is the true solution \\(\\vx\\), i.e., ``exact recovery.'' Most CS simulations employ one of two criteria: 1) the recovered support is the true support; or 2) the normalized squared error is less than...

  4. Exact renormalization flow and domain walls from holography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ketov, Sergei V.

    2001-03-01

    The holographic correspondence between 2d, N=2 quantum field theories and classical 4d, N=2 supergravity coupled to hypermultiplet matter is proposed. The geometrical constraints on the target space of the 4d, N=2 non-linear sigma-models in N=2 supergravity background are interpreted as the exact renormalization group flow equations in two dimensions. Our geometrical description of the renormalization flow is manifestly covariant under general reparametrization of the 2d coupling constants. An explicit exact solution to the 2d renormalization flow, based on its dual holographic description in terms of the Zamolodchikov metric, is considered in the particular case of the four-dimensional NLSM target space described by the SU(2)-invariant (Weyl) anti-self-dual Einstein metrics. The exact regular (Tod-Hitchin) solutions to these metrics are governed by the Painlevé VI equation, and describe domain walls.

  5. Exact renormalization group study of fermionic theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comellas, Jordi; Kubyshin, Yuri; Moreno, Enrique

    1997-02-01

    The exact renormalization group approach (ERG) is developed for the case of pure fermionic theories by deriving a Grassmann version of the ERG equation and applying it to the study of fixed point solutions and critical exponents of the two-dimensional chiral Gross-Neveu model. An approximation based on the derivative expansion and a further truncation in the number of fields is used. Two solutions are obtained analytically in the limit N → ∞, with N being the number of fermionic species. For finite N some fixed point solutions, with their anomalous dimensions and critical exponents, are computed numerically. The issue of separation of physical results from the numerous spurious ones is discussed. We argue that one of the solutions we find can be identified with that of Dashen and Frishman, whereas the others seem to be new ones.

  6. Exact and Efficient Sampling of Conditioned Walks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adorisio, Matteo; Pezzotta, Alberto; de Mulatier, Clélia; Micheletti, Cristian; Celani, Antonio

    2017-11-01

    A computationally challenging and open problem is how to efficiently generate equilibrated samples of conditioned walks. We present here a general stochastic approach that allows one to produce these samples with their correct statistical weight and without rejections. The method is illustrated for a jump process conditioned to evolve within a cylindrical channel and forced to reach one of its ends. We obtain analytically the exact probability density function of the jumps and offer a direct method for gathering equilibrated samples of a random walk conditioned to stay in a channel with suitable boundary conditions. Unbiased walks of arbitrary length can thus be generated with linear computational complexity—even when the channel width is much smaller than the typical bond length of the unconditioned walk. By profiling the metric properties of the generated walks for various bond lengths we characterize the crossover between weak and strong confinement regimes with great detail.

  7. Method of exact lung puncture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voss, L.

    1986-01-01

    The accuracy can be improved, and the risk of complications can be reduced in the case of cytodiagnostic lung puncture, if one optimises the method whereby the puncture needle is inserted into the lesion. The author describes such a procedure incorporating the use of technical aids for marking the exact puncture point of the cannula. At the same time the procedure results in a reduction of radiation exposure of both doctor and patient.

  8. Exact constants in approximation theory

    CERN Document Server

    Korneichuk, N

    1991-01-01

    This book is intended as a self-contained introduction for non-specialists, or as a reference work for experts, to the particular area of approximation theory that is concerned with exact constants. The results apply mainly to extremal problems in approximation theory, which in turn are closely related to numerical analysis and optimization. The book encompasses a wide range of questions and problems: best approximation by polynomials and splines; linear approximation methods, such as spline-approximation; optimal reconstruction of functions and linear functionals. Many of the results are base

  9. Weights of Exact Threshold Functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Babai, László; Hansen, Kristoffer Arnsfelt; Podolskii, Vladimir V.

    2010-01-01

    We consider Boolean exact threshold functions defined by linear equations, and in general degree d polynomials. We give upper and lower bounds on the maximum magnitude (absolute value) of the coefficients required to represent such functions. These bounds are very close and in the linear case...... and the Boolean cube {0,1} n . In the process we construct new families of ill-conditioned matrices. We further stratify the problem (in the linear case) in terms of the dimension k of the affine subspace spanned by the solutions, and give upper and lower bounds in this case as well. Our bounds here in terms of k...

  10. Exact lower and upper bounds on stationary moments in stochastic biochemical systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghusinga, Khem Raj; Vargas-Garcia, Cesar A.; Lamperski, Andrew; Singh, Abhyudai

    2017-08-01

    In the stochastic description of biochemical reaction systems, the time evolution of statistical moments for species population counts is described by a linear dynamical system. However, except for some ideal cases (such as zero- and first-order reaction kinetics), the moment dynamics is underdetermined as lower-order moments depend upon higher-order moments. Here, we propose a novel method to find exact lower and upper bounds on stationary moments for a given arbitrary system of biochemical reactions. The method exploits the fact that statistical moments of any positive-valued random variable must satisfy some constraints that are compactly represented through the positive semidefiniteness of moment matrices. Our analysis shows that solving moment equations at steady state in conjunction with constraints on moment matrices provides exact lower and upper bounds on the moments. These results are illustrated by three different examples—the commonly used logistic growth model, stochastic gene expression with auto-regulation and an activator-repressor gene network motif. Interestingly, in all cases the accuracy of the bounds is shown to improve as moment equations are expanded to include higher-order moments. Our results provide avenues for development of approximation methods that provide explicit bounds on moments for nonlinear stochastic systems that are otherwise analytically intractable.

  11. Exact solutions for the spin tune for model storage rings

    CERN Document Server

    Mane, S R

    2002-01-01

    We present exact analytical expressions for the spin tune for arbitrary values of the orbital action for several storage ring models. The models we treat contain Siberian Snakes, the use of which is essential to preserve the polarization of beams in high-energy proton storage rings. Our solutions contain some novel features. We also prove a previously conjectured claim about the behavior of spin tuneshifts in rings with multiple Snakes. The conjecture is based on numerical simulations, but our proof is analytical, and also nonperturbative.

  12. Nucleon-nucleon resonance behavior in an exactly soluble model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kloet, W. M.; Tjon, J. A.

    1983-01-01

    The resonance-like structure in 1D 2 and 3F 3 nucleon-nucleon phase parameters at medium energy can be understood from the simple dynamics of coupling to the inelastic NNπ channel. In an exactly soluble coupled channel model the analytic structure of the scattering amplitude is studied in detail. The role of the NΔ branch cut and the presence and origin of dynamical poles is discussed.

  13. Nucleon-nucleon resonance behavior in an exactly soluble model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kloet, W.M.; Tjon, J.A. (Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht (Netherlands). Inst. voor Theoretische Fysica)

    1983-01-17

    The resonance-like structure in /sup 1/D/sub 2/ and /sup 3/F/sub 3/ nucleon-nucleon phase parameters at medium energy can be understood from the simple dynamics of coupling to the inelastic NNsub(..pi..) channel. In an exactly soluble coupled channel model the analytic structure of the scattering amplitude is studied in detail. The role of the N..delta.. branch cut and the presence and origin of dynamical poles is discussed.

  14. An asymptotically exact theory of functionally graded piezoelectric shells

    CERN Document Server

    Le, Khanh Chau

    2016-01-01

    An asymptotically exact two-dimensional theory of functionally graded piezoelectric shells is derived by the variational-asymptotic method. The error estimation of the constructed theory is given in the energetic norm. As an application, analytical solution to the problem of forced vibration of a functionally graded piezoceramic cylindrical shell with thickness polarization fully covered by electrodes and excited by a harmonic voltage is found.

  15. AESS: Accelerated Exact Stochastic Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, David D.; Peterson, Gregory D.

    2011-12-01

    The Stochastic Simulation Algorithm (SSA) developed by Gillespie provides a powerful mechanism for exploring the behavior of chemical systems with small species populations or with important noise contributions. Gene circuit simulations for systems biology commonly employ the SSA method, as do ecological applications. This algorithm tends to be computationally expensive, so researchers seek an efficient implementation of SSA. In this program package, the Accelerated Exact Stochastic Simulation Algorithm (AESS) contains optimized implementations of Gillespie's SSA that improve the performance of individual simulation runs or ensembles of simulations used for sweeping parameters or to provide statistically significant results. Program summaryProgram title: AESS Catalogue identifier: AEJW_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEJW_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: University of Tennessee copyright agreement No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 10 861 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 394 631 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: C for processors, CUDA for NVIDIA GPUs Computer: Developed and tested on various x86 computers and NVIDIA C1060 Tesla and GTX 480 Fermi GPUs. The system targets x86 workstations, optionally with multicore processors or NVIDIA GPUs as accelerators. Operating system: Tested under Ubuntu Linux OS and CentOS 5.5 Linux OS Classification: 3, 16.12 Nature of problem: Simulation of chemical systems, particularly with low species populations, can be accurately performed using Gillespie's method of stochastic simulation. Numerous variations on the original stochastic simulation algorithm have been developed, including approaches that produce results with statistics that exactly match the chemical master equation (CME) as well as other approaches that approximate the CME. Solution

  16. What have we learned from reporting safety incidents in the Surgical Block?: Cross-sectional descriptive study of two-years of activity of a multidisciplinary analytical group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caba Barrientos, F; Rodríguez Morillo, A; Galisteo Domínguez, R; Del Nozal Nalda, M; Almeida González, C V; Echevarría Moreno, M

    2018-01-17

    Incident Reporting Systems (IRS) are considered a tool that facilitates learning and safety culture. Using the experience gained with SENSAR, we evaluated the feasibility and the activity of a multidisciplinary group analyzing incidents in the surgical patient notified to a general community system, that of the Observatory for Patient Safety (OPS). Cross-sectional observational study planned for two years. After training in the analysis, a multidisciplinary group was created in terms of specialties and professional categories, which would analyze the incidents in the surgical patient notified to the OPS. Incidents are classified and their circumstances analyzed. Between March 2015 and 2017, 95 incidents were reported (4 by non-professionals). Doctors reported more than nurses, at 54 (56.84%) vs. 37 (38.94%). The anaesthesia unit reported most at 46 (48.42%) (P=.025). The types of incidents mainly related to the care procedure (30.52%); to the preoperative period (42.10%); and to the place, the surgical area (48.42%). Significant differences were detected according to the origin of the notifier (P=.03). No harm, or minor morbidity, constituted 88% of the incidents. Errors were identified in 79%. The analysis of the incidents directed the measures to be taken. The activity undertaken by the multidisciplinary analytical group during the period of study facilitated knowledge of the system among the professionals and enabled the identification of areas for improvement in the Surgical Block at different levels. Copyright © 2017 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  17. Out-of-equilibrium open quantum systems: A comparison of approximate quantum master equation approaches with exact results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purkayastha, Archak; Dhar, Abhishek; Kulkarni, Manas

    2016-06-01

    We present the Born-Markov approximated Redfield quantum master equation (RQME) description for an open system of noninteracting particles (bosons or fermions) on an arbitrary lattice of N sites in any dimension and weakly connected to multiple reservoirs at different temperatures and chemical potentials. The RQME can be reduced to the Lindblad equation, of various forms, by making further approximations. By studying the N =2 case, we show that RQME gives results which agree with exact analytical results for steady-state properties and with exact numerics for time-dependent properties over a wide range of parameters. In comparison, the Lindblad equations have a limited domain of validity in nonequilibrium. We conclude that it is indeed justified to use microscopically derived full RQME to go beyond the limitations of Lindblad equations in out-of-equilibrium systems. We also derive closed-form analytical results for out-of-equilibrium time dynamics of two-point correlation functions. These results explicitly show the approach to steady state and thermalization. These results are experimentally relevant for cold atoms, cavity QED, and far-from-equilibrium quantum dot experiments.

  18. On the exactness of effective Floquet Hamiltonians employed in solid-state NMR spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garg, Rajat; Ramachandran, Ramesh

    2017-05-01

    Development of theoretical models based on analytic theory has remained an active pursuit in molecular spectroscopy for its utility both in the design of experiments as well as in the interpretation of spectroscopic data. In particular, the role of "Effective Hamiltonians" in the evolution of theoretical frameworks is well known across all forms of spectroscopy. Nevertheless, a constant revalidation of the approximations employed in the theoretical frameworks is necessitated by the constant improvements on the experimental front in addition to the complexity posed by the systems under study. Here in this article, we confine our discussion to the derivation of effective Floquet Hamiltonians based on the contact transformation procedure. While the importance of the effective Floquet Hamiltonians in the qualitative description of NMR experiments has been realized in simpler cases, its extension in quantifying spectral data deserves a cautious approach. With this objective, the validity of the approximations employed in the derivation of the effective Floquet Hamiltonians is re-examined through a comparison with exact numerical methods under differing experimental conditions. The limitations arising from the existing analytic methods are outlined along with remedial measures for improving the accuracy of the derived effective Floquet Hamiltonians.

  19. Exact Probability Distribution versus Entropy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerstin Andersson

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The problem  addressed concerns the determination of the average number of successive attempts  of guessing  a word of a certain  length consisting of letters with given probabilities of occurrence. Both first- and second-order approximations  to a natural language are considered.  The guessing strategy used is guessing words in decreasing order of probability. When word and alphabet sizes are large, approximations  are necessary in order to estimate the number of guesses.  Several  kinds of approximations  are discussed demonstrating moderate requirements regarding both memory and central processing unit (CPU time. When considering realistic  sizes of alphabets and words (100, the number of guesses can be estimated  within minutes with reasonable accuracy (a few percent and may therefore constitute an alternative to, e.g., various entropy expressions.  For many probability  distributions,  the density of the logarithm of probability products is close to a normal distribution. For those cases, it is possible to derive an analytical expression for the average number of guesses. The proportion  of guesses needed on average compared to the total number  decreases almost exponentially with the word length. The leading term in an asymptotic  expansion can be used to estimate the number of guesses for large word lengths. Comparisons with analytical lower bounds and entropy expressions are also provided.

  20. Exact self-dual skyrmions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, L. A.; Shnir, Ya.

    2017-09-01

    We introduce a Skyrme type model with the target space being the sphere S3 and with an action possessing, as usual, quadratic and quartic terms in field derivatives. The novel character of the model is that the strength of the couplings of those two terms are allowed to depend upon the space-time coordinates. The model should therefore be interpreted as an effective theory, such that those couplings correspond in fact to low energy expectation values of fields belonging to a more fundamental theory at high energies. The theory possesses a self-dual sector that saturates the Bogomolny bound leading to an energy depending linearly on the topological charge. The self-duality equations are conformally invariant in three space dimensions leading to a toroidal ansatz and exact self-dual Skyrmion solutions. Those solutions are labelled by two integers and, despite their toroidal character, the energy density is spherically symmetric when those integers are equal and oblate or prolate otherwise.

  1. Exact self-dual skyrmions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.A. Ferreira

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available We introduce a Skyrme type model with the target space being the sphere S3 and with an action possessing, as usual, quadratic and quartic terms in field derivatives. The novel character of the model is that the strength of the couplings of those two terms are allowed to depend upon the space–time coordinates. The model should therefore be interpreted as an effective theory, such that those couplings correspond in fact to low energy expectation values of fields belonging to a more fundamental theory at high energies. The theory possesses a self-dual sector that saturates the Bogomolny bound leading to an energy depending linearly on the topological charge. The self-duality equations are conformally invariant in three space dimensions leading to a toroidal ansatz and exact self-dual Skyrmion solutions. Those solutions are labelled by two integers and, despite their toroidal character, the energy density is spherically symmetric when those integers are equal and oblate or prolate otherwise.

  2. Exact law of live nature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azbel‧, Mark Ya.

    2005-08-01

    The exact law of mortality dynamics in changing populations and environment is derived. It includes no explicit characteristics of animal-environment interactions (metabolism, etc.) which are a must for life; it is universal for all animals, from single-cell yeast to humans, with their drastically different biology, evolutionary history, and complexity; it is rapidly (within few percent of life span) reversible. Such a law is unique for live systems with their homeostatic self-adjustment to environment (cf. thermodynamics of liquids and glasses). The law which is valid for all live, and only live, systems is their specific natural law. Mortality is an instrument of natural selection and biological diversity. Its law, which is preserved in evolution of all species, is a conservation law of mortality, selection, evolution, biology. The law implies new kinds of intrinsic mortality and adaptation which dominate in evolutionary unprecedented protected populations and, in contrast to species-specific natural selection, proceed via universal stepwise rungs and reduce to universal cellular mechanism. The law demonstrates that intrinsic mortality and at least certain aspects of aging are disposable evolutionary byproducts, and directed genetic and/or biological changes may yield healthy and vital Methuselah lifespan. This is consistent with experiments. Universality implies that single-cell yeast may provide a master key to the cellular mechanism of universal mortality, aging, selection, evolution, and its regulation in all animals. One may look for its manifestations in animal cells also, e.g., in their replicative senescence and cancer. Evolutionary origin and genetic nature of universality are suggested.

  3. Analytical BPS Maxwell-Higgs Vortices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Casana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We have established a prescription for the calculation of analytical vortex solutions in the context of generalized Maxwell-Higgs models whose overall dynamics is controlled by two positive functions of the scalar field, namely, fϕ and wϕ. We have also determined a natural constraint between these functions and the Higgs potential Uϕ, allowing the existence of axially symmetric Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS solutions possessing finite energy. Furthermore, when the generalizing functions are chosen suitably, the nonstandard BPS equations can be solved exactly. We have studied some examples, comparing them with the usual Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen (ANO solution. The overall conclusion is that the analytical self-dual vortices are well-behaved in all relevant sectors, strongly supporting the consistency of the respective generalized models. In particular, our results mimic well-known properties of the usual (numerical configurations, as localized energy density, while contributing to the understanding of topological solitons and their description by means of analytical methods.

  4. Encyclopedia of analytical surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Krivoshapko, S N

    2015-01-01

    This encyclopedia presents an all-embracing collection of analytical surface classes. It provides concise definitions  and description for more than 500 surfaces and categorizes them in 38 classes of analytical surfaces. All classes are cross references to the original literature in an excellent bibliography. The encyclopedia is of particular interest to structural and civil engineers and serves as valuable reference for mathematicians.

  5. Descriptive sensory evaluations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dehlholm, Christian

    . The new methods were compared to the Flash Profile, Napping and conventional descriptive profiling. Furthermore, an approach for applying confidence ellipses to Multiple Factor Analysis (MFA) results from the statistical package R were suggested for the graphical validation and comparisons. PN allowed...... descriptive methodology is proposed and, based on the findings and evaluations of the studies, a concept scale that combines holistic and analytic assessor responses is proposed for future evaluations....

  6. Exact Solutions in Modified Gravity Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valery V. Obukhov

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We review the exact solutions in modified gravity. It is one of the main problems of mathematical physics for the gravity theory. One can obtain an exact solution if the field equations reduce to a system of ordinary differential equations. In this paper we consider a number of exact solutions obtained by the method of separation of variables. Some applications to Cosmology and BH entropy are briefly mentioned.

  7. Exact Interior Reconstruction with Cone-Beam CT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yangbo Ye

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Using the backprojection filtration (BPF and filtered backprojection (FBP approaches, respectively, we prove that with cone-beam CT the interior problem can be exactly solved by analytic continuation. The prior knowledge we assume is that a volume of interest (VOI in an object to be reconstructed is known in a subregion of the VOI. Our derivations are based on the so-called generalized PI-segment (chord. The available projection onto convex set (POCS algorithm and singular value decomposition (SVD method can be applied to perform the exact interior reconstruction. These results have many implications in the CT field and can be extended to other tomographic modalities, such as SPECT/PET, MRI.

  8. Exact performance analysis of decode-and-forward opportunistic relaying

    KAUST Repository

    Tourki, Kamel

    2010-06-01

    In this paper, we investigate a dual-hop decode-and-forward opportunistic relaying scheme where the source may or may not be able to communicate directly with the destination. In our study, we consider a regenerative relaying scheme in which the decision to cooperate takes into account the effect of the possible erroneously detected and transmitted data at the best relay. We derive an exact closed-form expression for the end-to-end bit-error rate (BER) of binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) modulation based on the exact statistics of each hop. Unlike existing works where the analysis focused on high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) regime, such results are important to enable the designers to take decisions regarding practical systems that operate at low SNR regime. We show that performance simulation results coincide with our analytical results.

  9. Retrieving the exact Green's function by wavefield crosscorrelation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Yingcai

    2010-03-01

    Recent development on the Green's function retrieval by wavefield crosscorrelation has substantially advanced the physical research in a multidisciplinary and unprecedented fashion. However, the underlying assumption of the theory that the sources are in the far-field limits the technology to extracting only the high-frequency part of the Green's function in an open system. This critical approximation can be eliminated using the exact boundary integral equation method. A scheme involving the crosscorrelation kernel is proposed to recover the exact Green's function including all-frequency content. Symmetric difference kernels are analytically constructed for sources on a plane or on a circle and can be reduced to the known Dirac delta kernel under the far-field approximation.

  10. Quo vadis, analytical chemistry?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valcárcel, Miguel

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents an open, personal, fresh approach to the future of Analytical Chemistry in the context of the deep changes Science and Technology are anticipated to experience. Its main aim is to challenge young analytical chemists because the future of our scientific discipline is in their hands. A description of not completely accurate overall conceptions of our discipline, both past and present, to be avoided is followed by a flexible, integral definition of Analytical Chemistry and its cornerstones (viz., aims and objectives, quality trade-offs, the third basic analytical reference, the information hierarchy, social responsibility, independent research, transfer of knowledge and technology, interfaces to other scientific-technical disciplines, and well-oriented education). Obsolete paradigms, and more accurate general and specific that can be expected to provide the framework for our discipline in the coming years are described. Finally, the three possible responses of analytical chemists to the proposed changes in our discipline are discussed.

  11. An Exact Fluctuating 1/2-BPS Configuration

    CERN Document Server

    Bellucci, Stefano

    2009-01-01

    This work explores the role of thermodynamic fluctuations in the two parameter giant and superstar configurations characterized by an ensemble of arbitrary liquid droplets or irregular shaped fuzzballs. Our analysis illustrates that the chemical and state-space geometric descriptions exhibit an intriguing set of exact pair correction functions and the global correlation lengths. The first principle of statistical mechanics shows that the possible canonical fluctuations may precisely be ascertained without any approximation. Interestingly, our intrinsic geometric study exemplifies that there exist exact fluctuating 1/2-BPS statistical configurations which involve an ensemble of microstates describing the liquid droplets or fuzzballs. The Gaussian fluctuations over an equilibrium chemical and state-space configurations accomplish a well-defined, non-degenerate, curved and regular intrinsic Riemannian manifolds for all physically admissible domains of black hole parameters. An explicit computation demonstrates t...

  12. Quantum algorithm for exact Monte Carlo sampling

    OpenAIRE

    Destainville, Nicolas; Georgeot, Bertrand; Giraud, Olivier

    2010-01-01

    We build a quantum algorithm which uses the Grover quantum search procedure in order to sample the exact equilibrium distribution of a wide range of classical statistical mechanics systems. The algorithm is based on recently developed exact Monte Carlo sampling methods, and yields a polynomial gain compared to classical procedures.

  13. Exact, almost and delayed fault detection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niemann, Hans Henrik; Saberi, Ali; Stoorvogel, Anton A.

    1999-01-01

    Considers the problem of fault detection and isolation while using zero or almost zero threshold. A number of different fault detection and isolation problems using exact or almost exact disturbance decoupling are formulated. Solvability conditions are given for the formulated design problems....... The l-step delayed fault detection problem is also considered for discrete-time systems....

  14. New exact wave solutions for Hirota equation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... integrals in polynomial form with a high accuracy for two-dimensional plane autonomous systems. Exact soliton solution is constructed through the established first integrals. This method is a powerful tool for searching exact travelling solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations (NPDEs) in mathematical physics.

  15. Towards the exact Bremsstrahlung function of ABJM theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, Marco S.; Griguolo, Luca; Mauri, Andrea; Penati, Silvia; Preti, Michelangelo; Seminara, Domenico

    2017-08-01

    We present the three-loop calculation of the Bremsstrahlung function associated to the 1/2-BPS cusp in ABJM theory, including color subleading corrections. Using the BPS condition we reduce the computation to that of a cusp with vanishing angle. We work within the framework of heavy quark effective theory (HQET) that further simplifies the analytic evaluation of the relevant cusp anomalous dimension in the near-BPS limit. The result passes nontrivial tests, such as exponentiation, and is in agreement with the conjecture made in [1] for the exact expression of the Bremsstrahlung function, based on the relation with fermionic latitude Wilson loops.

  16. Exact solution for spin precession in the radiationless relativistic Kepler problem

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mane, S.R., E-mail: srmane001@gmail.com

    2014-11-11

    There is interest in circulating beams of polarized particles in all-electric storage rings to search for nonzero permanent electric dipole moments of subatomic particles. To this end, it is helpful to derive exact analytical solutions of the spin precession in idealized models, both for pedagogical reasons and to serve as benchmark tests for analysis and design of experiments. This paper derives exact solutions for the spin precession in the relativistic Kepler problem. Some counterintuitive properties of the solutions are pointed out.

  17. Exact solution for spin precession in the radiationless relativistic Kepler problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mane, S. R.

    2014-11-01

    There is interest in circulating beams of polarized particles in all-electric storage rings to search for nonzero permanent electric dipole moments of subatomic particles. To this end, it is helpful to derive exact analytical solutions of the spin precession in idealized models, both for pedagogical reasons and to serve as benchmark tests for analysis and design of experiments. This paper derives exact solutions for the spin precession in the relativistic Kepler problem. Some counterintuitive properties of the solutions are pointed out.

  18. Fuzzy Weighted Average: Analytical Solution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Broek, P.M.; Noppen, J.A.R.

    2009-01-01

    An algorithm is presented for the computation of analytical expressions for the extremal values of the α-cuts of the fuzzy weighted average, for triangular or trapeizoidal weights and attributes. Also, an algorithm for the computation of the inverses of these expressions is given, providing exact

  19. New exact solutions of time fractional modified Kawahara equations in modelling surface tension in shallow-water and capillary gravity water waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha Ray, S.; Sahoo, S.

    2017-01-01

    In the present paper, we construct the analytical exact solutions of some nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics; namely time fractional modified Kawahara equations by using the ( G^'/G)-expansion method via fractional complex transform. As a result, new types of exact analytical solutions are obtained.

  20. Instantaneous Bethe-Salpeter equation with exact propagators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lucha, Wolfgang [Institut fuer Hochenergiephysik, Oesterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Nikolsdorfergasse 18, A-1050 Vienna (Austria); Schoeberl, Franz F [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Wien, Boltzmanngasse 5, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2005-11-01

    Consequent application of the instantaneous approximation to both the interaction and all propagators of the bound-state constituents allows us to forge, within the framework of the Bethe-Salpeter formalism for the description of bound states, an instantaneous form of the Bethe-Salpeter equation with exact (i.e., full) propagators of the bound-state constituents. This instantaneous equation generalizes the well-known Salpeter equation, the derivation of which needs the additional assumption of free propagation of the bound-state constituents.

  1. Exact and approximate solutions for transient squeezing flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Ji; Santhanam, Sridhar; Wu, Qianhong

    2017-10-01

    In this paper, we report two novel theoretical approaches to examine a fast-developing flow in a thin fluid gap, which is widely observed in industrial applications and biological systems. The problem is featured by a very small Reynolds number and Strouhal number, making the fluid convective acceleration negligible, while its local acceleration is not. We have developed an exact solution for this problem which shows that the flow starts with an inviscid limit when the viscous effect has no time to appear and is followed by a subsequent developing flow, in which the viscous effect continues to penetrate into the entire fluid gap. An approximate solution is also developed using a boundary layer integral method. This solution precisely captures the general behavior of the transient fluid flow process and agrees very well with the exact solution. We also performed numerical simulation using Ansys-CFX. Excellent agreement between the analytical and the numerical solutions is obtained, indicating the validity of the analytical approaches. The study presented herein fills the gap in the literature and will have a broad impact on industrial and biomedical applications.

  2. Exact Tests for Hardy-Weinberg Proportions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Engels, William R

    2009-01-01

    Exact conditional tests are often required to evaluate statistically whether a sample of diploids comes from a population with Hardy-Weinberg proportions or to confirm the accuracy of genotype assignments...

  3. Fast Exact Euclidean Distance (FEED) Transformation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schouten, Theo; Kittler, J.; van den Broek, Egon; Petrou, M.; Nixon, M.

    2004-01-01

    Fast Exact Euclidean Distance (FEED) transformation is introduced, starting from the inverse of the distance transformation. The prohibitive computational cost of a naive implementation of traditional Euclidean Distance Transformation, is tackled by three operations: restriction of both the number

  4. Exact Test of Independence Using Mutual Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shawn D. Pethel

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Using a recently discovered method for producing random symbol sequences with prescribed transition counts, we present an exact null hypothesis significance test (NHST for mutual information between two random variables, the null hypothesis being that the mutual information is zero (i.e., independence. The exact tests reported in the literature assume that data samples for each variable are sequentially independent and identically distributed (iid. In general, time series data have dependencies (Markov structure that violate this condition. The algorithm given in this paper is the first exact significance test of mutual information that takes into account the Markov structure. When the Markov order is not known or indefinite, an exact test is used to determine an effective Markov order.

  5. Exact Algorithms for Solving Stochastic Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kristoffer Arnsfelt; Koucky, Michal; Lauritzen, Niels

    2012-01-01

    Shapley's discounted stochastic games, Everett's recursive games and Gillette's undiscounted stochastic games are classical models of game theory describing two-player zero-sum games of potentially infinite duration. We describe algorithms for exactly solving these games.......Shapley's discounted stochastic games, Everett's recursive games and Gillette's undiscounted stochastic games are classical models of game theory describing two-player zero-sum games of potentially infinite duration. We describe algorithms for exactly solving these games....

  6. Exact and Optimal Quantum Mechanics/Molecular Mechanics Boundaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Qiming; Chan, Garnet Kin-Lic

    2014-09-09

    Motivated by recent work in density matrix embedding theory, we define exact link orbitals that capture all quantum mechanical (QM) effects across arbitrary quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) boundaries. Exact link orbitals are rigorously defined from the full QM solution, and their number is equal to the number of orbitals in the primary QM region. Truncating the exact set yields a smaller set of link orbitals optimal with respect to reproducing the primary region density matrix. We use the optimal link orbitals to obtain insight into the limits of QM/MM boundary treatments. We further analyze the popular general hybrid orbital (GHO) QM/MM boundary across a test suite of molecules. We find that GHOs are often good proxies for the most important optimal link orbital, although there is little detailed correlation between the detailed GHO composition and optimal link orbital valence weights. The optimal theory shows that anions and cations cannot be described by a single link orbital. However, expanding to include the second most important optimal link orbital in the boundary recovers an accurate description. The second optimal link orbital takes the chemically intuitive form of a donor or acceptor orbital for charge redistribution, suggesting that optimal link orbitals can be used as interpretative tools for electron transfer. We further find that two optimal link orbitals are also sufficient for boundaries that cut across double bonds. Finally, we suggest how to construct "approximately" optimal link orbitals for practical QM/MM calculations.

  7. Analytic trigonometry

    CERN Document Server

    Bruce, William J; Maxwell, E A; Sneddon, I N

    1963-01-01

    Analytic Trigonometry details the fundamental concepts and underlying principle of analytic geometry. The title aims to address the shortcomings in the instruction of trigonometry by considering basic theories of learning and pedagogy. The text first covers the essential elements from elementary algebra, plane geometry, and analytic geometry. Next, the selection tackles the trigonometric functions of angles in general, basic identities, and solutions of equations. The text also deals with the trigonometric functions of real numbers. The fifth chapter details the inverse trigonometric functions

  8. Landscape of the exact energy functional

    CERN Document Server

    Cohen, Aron J

    2015-01-01

    One of the great challenges of electronic structure theory is the search for the exact functional of density functional theory (DFT). Its existence is undoubted but it is hard to even conceptualize it as it is a surface in a massively multidimensional space. However, the asymmetric two-site Hubbard model has a two-dimensional universe of density matrices and the exact functional simply becomes a function of two variables whose landscape can be calculated, visualized and explored. This one unique surface contains all the possible physics of any system in this universe. A walk on this landscape, moved to the angle of any one-electron Hamiltonian, gives a valley whose minimum is the exact total energy. We show concrete examples of pure-state density matrices that are not v-representable due to the underlying non-convex nature of the exact functional. Using the Perdew, Parr, Levy and Balduz extension to fractional ensembles we calculate the exact functional for all numbers of electrons. The derivative discontinui...

  9. Descriptions and pressupositions: Strawson vs. Russel ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Descriptions and pressupositions: Strawson vs. Russel. M Ramachandran. Abstract. A Russellian theory of (definite) descriptions takes an utterance of the form 'The F is G' to express a purely general proposition that affirms the existence of a (contextually) unique F: there is exactly one F [which is C] and it is G. Strawson, ...

  10. Exact capacity analysis of multihop transmission over amplify-and-forward relay fading channels

    KAUST Repository

    Yilmaz, Ferkan

    2010-09-01

    In this paper, we propose an analytical framework on the exact computation of the average capacity of multihop transmission over amplify-and-forward relay fading channels. Our approach relies on the algebraic combination of Mellin and Laplace transforms to obtain exact single integral expressions which can be easily computed by Gauss-Chebyshev Quadrature (GCQ) rule. As such, the derived results are a convenient tool to analyze the average capacity of multihop transmission over amplify-and-forward relay fading channels. As an application of the analytical framework on the exact computation of the average capacity of multihop transmission, some examples are accentuated for generalized Nakagami-m fading channels. Numerical and simulation results, performed to verify the correctness of the proposed formulation, are in perfect agreement. ©2010 IEEE.

  11. On the Calculation of the Exact Number of Zeroes of a Set of Equations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoenders, B.J.; Slump, C.H.

    1983-01-01

    The number of simple zeroes common to a set of nonlinear equations is calculated exactly and analytically in terms of an integral taken over the boundary of the domain of interest. The integrand consists only of simple algebraic quantities containing the functions involved as well as their

  12. Exact solutions to three-dimensional time-dependent Schrödinger ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    With a view to obtain exact analytic solutions to the time-dependent Schrödinger equation for a few potentials of physical interest in three dimensions, transformation-group method is used. Interestingly, the integrals of motion in the new coordinates turn out to be the desired invariants of the systems.

  13. Exact solutions to the Boltzmann equation by mapping the scattering integral into a differential operator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zabadal, Jorge; Borges, Volnei; Van der Laan, Flavio T., E-mail: jorge.zabadal@ufrgs.br, E-mail: borges@ufrgs.br, E-mail: ftvdl@ufrgs.br [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil). Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica. Grupo de Pesquisas Radiologicas; Ribeiro, Vinicius G., E-mail: vinicius_ribeiro@uniritter.edu.br [Centro Universitario Ritter dos Reis (UNIRITTER), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Santos, Marcio G., E-mail: phd.marcio@gmail.com [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Tramandai, RS (Brazil). Departamento Interdisciplinar do Campus Litoral Norte

    2015-07-01

    This work presents a new analytical method for solving the Boltzmann equation. In this formulation, a linear differential operator is applied over the Boltzmann model, in order to produce a partial differential equation in which the scattering term is absent. This auxiliary equation is solved via reduction of order. The exact solution obtained is employed to define a precursor for the buildup factor. (author)

  14. Exact solutions for dynamic response of a periodic spring and mass structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Q.; Wu, F.; Zhang, H. W.; Zhong, W. X.; Howson, W. P.; Williams, F. W.

    2012-02-01

    This paper derives exact analytical solutions for the dynamic response of a periodic structure for which the unit cell consists of one mass and one spring. The solutions cover arbitrary initial conditions and both polynomial and harmonic external forces. They involve Bessel, Lommel, Weber and hypergeometric functions.

  15. Exact solutions in three-dimensional gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia-Diaz, Alberto A

    2017-01-01

    A self-contained text, systematically presenting the determination and classification of exact solutions in three-dimensional Einstein gravity. This book explores the theoretical framework and general physical and geometrical characteristics of each class of solutions, and includes information on the researchers responsible for their discovery. Beginning with the physical character of the solutions, these are identified and ordered on the basis of their geometrical invariant properties, symmetries, and algebraic classifications, or from the standpoint of their physical nature, for example electrodynamic fields, fluid, scalar field, or dilaton. Consequently, this text serves as a thorough catalogue on 2+1 exact solutions to the Einstein equations coupled to matter and fields, and on vacuum solutions of topologically massive gravity with a cosmological constant. The solutions are also examined from different perspectives, enabling a conceptual bridge between exact solutions of three- and four-dimensional gravit...

  16. Movie Description

    OpenAIRE

    Rohrbach, A; A Torabi; Rohrbach, M.; Tandon, N.; C.; Pal; Larochelle, H; Courville, A.; Schiele, B.

    2017-01-01

    Audio Description (AD) provides linguistic descriptions of movies and allows visually impaired people to follow a movie along with their peers. Such descriptions are by design mainly visual and thus naturally form an interesting data source for computer vision and computational linguistics. In this work we propose a novel dataset which contains transcribed ADs, which are temporally aligned to full length movies. In addition we also collected and aligned movie scripts used in prior work and co...

  17. Exact and approximate calculation of giant resonances

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vertse, T. [Magyar Tudomanyos Akademia, Debrecen (Hungary). Atommag Kutato Intezete; Liotta, R.J. [Royal Inst. of Tech., Stockholm (Sweden); Maglione, E. [Padua Univ. (Italy). Ist. di Fisica

    1995-02-13

    Energies, sum rules and partial decay widths of giant resonances in {sup 208}Pb are calculated solving exactly the continuum RPA equations corresponding to a central Woods-Saxon potential. For comparison an approximate treatment of those quantities in terms of pole expansions of the Green function (Berggren and Mittag-Leffler) is also performed. It is found that the approximated results agree well with the exact ones. Comparison with experimental data is made and a search for physically meaningful resonances is carried out. ((orig.))

  18. Exact Asymptotics of Bivariate Scale Mixture Distributions

    OpenAIRE

    Hashorva, Enkelejd

    2009-01-01

    Let (RU_1, R U_2) be a given bivariate scale mixture random vector, with R>0 being independent of the bivariate random vector (U_1,U_2). In this paper we derive exact asymptotic expansions of the tail probability P{RU_1> x, RU_2> ax}, a \\in (0,1] as x tends infintiy assuming that R has distribution function in the Gumbel max-domain of attraction and (U_1,U_2) has a specific tail behaviour around some absorbing point. As a special case of our results we retrieve the exact asymptotic behaviour ...

  19. Coupling an analytical description of anti-scatter grids with simulation software of radiographic systems using Monte Carlo code; Couplage d'une methode de description analytique de grilles anti diffusantes avec un logiciel de simulation de systemes radiographiques base sur un code Monte Carlo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rinkel, J.; Dinten, J.M.; Tabary, J

    2004-07-01

    The use of focused anti-scatter grids on digital radiographic systems with two-dimensional detectors produces acquisitions with a decreased scatter to primary ratio and thus improved contrast and resolution. Simulation software is of great interest in optimizing grid configuration according to a specific application. Classical simulators are based on complete detailed geometric descriptions of the grid. They are accurate but very time consuming since they use Monte Carlo code to simulate scatter within the high-frequency grids. We propose a new practical method which couples an analytical simulation of the grid interaction with a radiographic system simulation program. First, a two dimensional matrix of probability depending on the grid is created offline, in which the first dimension represents the angle of impact with respect to the normal to the grid lines and the other the energy of the photon. This matrix of probability is then used by the Monte Carlo simulation software in order to provide the final scattered flux image. To evaluate the gain of CPU time, we define the increasing factor as the increase of CPU time of the simulation with as opposed to without the grid. Increasing factors were calculated with the new model and with classical methods representing the grid with its CAD model as part of the object. With the new method, increasing factors are shorter by one to two orders of magnitude compared with the second one. These results were obtained with a difference in calculated scatter of less than five percent between the new and the classical method. (authors)

  20. Verbal Interference Suppresses Exact Numerical Representation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Michael C.; Fedorenko, Evelina; Lai, Peter; Saxe, Rebecca; Gibson, Edward

    2012-01-01

    Language for number is an important case study of the relationship between language and cognition because the mechanisms of non-verbal numerical cognition are well-understood. When the Piraha (an Amazonian hunter-gatherer tribe who have no exact number words) are tested in non-verbal numerical tasks, they are able to perform one-to-one matching…

  1. The Exact Renormalization Group -- renormalization theory revisited --

    OpenAIRE

    Sonoda, Hidenori

    2007-01-01

    We overview the entire renormalization theory, both perturbative and non-perturbative, by the method of the exact renormalization group (ERG). We emphasize particularly on the perturbative application of the ERG to the phi4 theory and QED in the four dimensional euclidean space.

  2. Python for Education: The Exact Cover Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Python implementation of Algorithm X by Knuth is presented.
    Algorithm X finds all solutions to the exact cover problem.
    The exemplary results for pentominoes, Latin squares and Sudoku
    are given.

  3. On exact solutions of the Bogoyavlenskii equation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. Exact solutions for the Bogoyavlenskii equation are studied by the travelling wave method and the singular manifold method. It is found that the linear superposition of the shock wave solution and the complex solitary wave solution for the physical field is still a solution of the equation of interest, except for a ...

  4. Compiling Relational Bayesian Networks for Exact Inference

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jaeger, Manfred; Chavira, Mark; Darwiche, Adnan

    2004-01-01

    We describe a system for exact inference with relational Bayesian networks as defined in the publicly available \\primula\\ tool. The system is based on compiling propositional instances of relational Bayesian networks into arithmetic circuits and then performing online inference by evaluating and ...

  5. Exact Optimum Design of Segmented Thermoelectric Generators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Zare

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A considerable difference between experimental and theoretical results has been observed in the studies of segmented thermoelectric generators (STEGs. Because of simplicity, the approximate methods are widely used for design and optimization of the STEGs. This study is focused on employment of exact method for design and optimization of STEGs and comparison of exact and approximate results. Thus, using new highly efficient thermoelectric materials, four STEGs are proposed to operate in the temperature range of 300 to 1300 kelvins. The proposed STEGs are optimally designed to achieve maximum efficiency. Design and performance characteristics of the optimized generators including maximum conversion efficiency and length of elements are calculated through both exact and approximate methods. The comparison indicates that the approximate method can cause a difference up to 20% in calculation of some design characteristics despite its appropriate results in efficiency calculation. The results also show that the maximum theoretical efficiency of 23.08% is achievable using the new proposed STEGs. Compatibility factor of the selected materials for the proposed STEGs is also calculated using both exact and approximate methods. The comparison indicates a negligible difference in calculation of compatibility factor, despite the considerable difference in calculation of reduced efficiency (temperature independence efficiency.

  6. Exact solutions for the biadjoint scalar field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, C.D., E-mail: Christopher.White@glasgow.ac.uk [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland (United Kingdom); Centre for Research in String Theory, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)

    2016-12-10

    Biadjoint scalar theories are novel field theories that arise in the study of non-abelian gauge and gravity amplitudes. In this short paper, we present exact nonperturbative solutions of the field equations, and compare their properties with monopole-like solutions in non-abelian gauge theory. Our results may pave the way for nonperturbative studies of the double copy.

  7. New exact wave solutions for Hirota equation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Nonlinear partial differential equations (NPDEs) of mathematical physics are major sub- jects in physical science. With the development of soliton theory, many useful methods for obtaining exact solutions of NPDEs have been presented. Some of them are: the (G /G)- expansion method [1–4], the simplest equation method ...

  8. Descriptive Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wigram, Anthony Lewis

    2003-01-01

    starts will allow effect size calculations to be made in order to evaluate effect over time. Given the difficulties in undertaking controlled experimental studies in the creative arts therapies, descriptive research methods offer a way of quantifying effect through descriptive statistical analysis...

  9. Analytic geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Burdette, A C

    1971-01-01

    Analytic Geometry covers several fundamental aspects of analytic geometry needed for advanced subjects, including calculus.This book is composed of 12 chapters that review the principles, concepts, and analytic proofs of geometric theorems, families of lines, the normal equation of the line, and related matters. Other chapters highlight the application of graphing, foci, directrices, eccentricity, and conic-related topics. The remaining chapters deal with the concept polar and rectangular coordinates, surfaces and curves, and planes.This book will prove useful to undergraduate trigonometric st

  10. Off-diagonal Bethe ansatz for exactly solvable models

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Yupeng; Cao, Junpeng; Shi, Kangjie

    2015-01-01

    This book serves as an introduction of the off-diagonal Bethe Ansatz method, an analytic theory for the eigenvalue problem of quantum integrable models. It also presents some fundamental knowledge about quantum integrability and the algebraic Bethe Ansatz method. Based on the intrinsic properties of R-matrix and K-matrices, the book introduces a systematic method to construct operator identities of transfer matrix.  These identities allow one to establish the inhomogeneous T-Q relation formalism to obtain Bethe Ansatz equations and to retrieve corresponding eigenstates. Several longstanding models can thus be solved via this method since the lack of obvious reference states is made up. Both the exact results and the off-diagonal Bethe Ansatz method itself may have important applications in the fields of quantum field theory, low-dimensional condensed matter physics, statistical physics and cold atom systems.

  11. Some exact BPS solutions for exotic vortices and monopoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handhika S. Ramadhan

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available We present several analytical solutions of BPS vortices and monopoles in the generalized Abelian Maxwell–Higgs and Yang–Mills–Higgs theories, respectively. These models have recently been extensively studied and several exact solutions have already been obtained in [1,2]. In each theory, the dynamics is controlled by the additional two positive scalar-field-dependent functions, f(|ϕ| and w(|ϕ|. For the case of vortices, we work in the ordinary symmetry-breaking Higgs potential, while for the case of monopoles we have the ordinary condition of the Prasad–Sommerfield limit. Our results generalize the exact solutions found previously. We also present solutions for BPS vortices with higher winding number. These solutions suffer from the condition that w(|ϕ| has negative value at some finite range of r, but we argue that since it satisfies the weaker positive-value conditions then the corresponding energy density is still positive-definite and, thus, they are acceptable BPS solutions.

  12. The use of analytical models in human-computer interface design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gugerty, Leo

    1993-01-01

    Recently, a large number of human-computer interface (HCI) researchers have investigated building analytical models of the user, which are often implemented as computer models. These models simulate the cognitive processes and task knowledge of the user in ways that allow a researcher or designer to estimate various aspects of an interface's usability, such as when user errors are likely to occur. This information can lead to design improvements. Analytical models can supplement design guidelines by providing designers rigorous ways of analyzing the information-processing requirements of specific tasks (i.e., task analysis). These models offer the potential of improving early designs and replacing some of the early phases of usability testing, thus reducing the cost of interface design. This paper describes some of the many analytical models that are currently being developed and evaluates the usefulness of analytical models for human-computer interface design. This paper will focus on computational, analytical models, such as the GOMS model, rather than less formal, verbal models, because the more exact predictions and task descriptions of computational models may be useful to designers. The paper also discusses some of the practical requirements for using analytical models in complex design organizations such as NASA.

  13. Branes for Higgs phases and exact conformal field theories

    CERN Document Server

    Sfetsos, K

    1999-01-01

    We consider multicenter supergravity solutions corresponding to Higgs phases of supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories with Z_N symmetric vacuua. In certain energy regimes, we find a description in terms of a generalized wormhole solution that corresponds to the SL(2,R)/U(1) \\times SU(2)/U(1) exact conformal field theory. We show that U-dualities map these backgrounds to purely gravitational ones and comment on the relation to the black holes arising from intersecting D1 and D5 branes. We also discuss supersymmetric properties of the various solutions and the relation to 2-dim solitons, on flat space, of the reduced axion-dilaton-gravity equations. Finally, we address the problem of understanding other supergravity solutions from the multicenter ones. As prototype examples we use rotating D3 branes and NS5 and D5 branes associated to non-Abelian duals of 4-dim hyper-Kahler metrics with SO(3) isometry.

  14. Model checking exact cost for attack scenarios

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aslanyan, Zaruhi; Nielson, Flemming

    2017-01-01

    Attack trees constitute a powerful tool for modelling security threats. Many security analyses of attack trees can be seamlessly expressed as model checking of Markov Decision Processes obtained from the attack trees, thus reaping the benefits of a coherent framework and a mature tool support....... However, current model checking does not encompass the exact cost analysis of an attack, which is standard for attack trees. Our first contribution is the logic erPCTL with cost-related operators. The extended logic allows to analyse the probability of an event satisfying given cost bounds and to compute...... the exact cost of an event. Our second contribution is the model checking algorithm for erPCTL. Finally, we apply our framework to the analysis of attack trees....

  15. The maximal family of exactly solvable chaos

    CERN Document Server

    Umeno, K

    1996-01-01

    A new two-parameter family of ergordic transformations with non-uniform invariant measures on the unit interval (I=[0,1]) is found here. The family has a special property that their invariant measures can be explicitly written in terms of algebraic functions of parameters and a dynamical variable. Furthermore, it is also proven here that this family is the most generalized class of exactly solvable chaos on (I) including the Ulam=Neumann map (y=4x(1-x)). Unpredictably, by choosing certain parameters, the maximal class of exactly solvable chaos is found to describe the asymmetric shape of the experimentally obtained first return maps of the Beloussof-Zhabotinski chemical reaction.

  16. Exact solutions for helical magnetohydrodynamic equilibria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villata, M. (Istituto di Fisica Generale, Universita di Torino, Via Pietro Giuria 1, I-10125 Torino (Italy)); Tsinganos, K. (Department of Physics, University of Crete and Research Center of Crete, GR-71409, Heraklion, Crete (Greece))

    1993-07-01

    Three novel classes of exact solutions of the generalized Grad--Shafranov equation for helically symmetric magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equilibria are presented. The first two classes may be applied to helical MHD equilibria for plasma confined between two coaxial cylinders, while the third one to the modeling of helicoidal magnetic fields and flows in several recently observed astrophysical jets. The same solutions can be also used for the testing of sophisticated numerical codes. It is also shown that all helically symmetric MHD equilibria can be treated by the same general method which is employed to generate exact MHD solutions for systems possessing an ignorable coordinate in a system of three orthogonal basis vectors, although in the case of helical symmetry an [ital orthogonal] ignorable coordinate does not exist, contrary to what happens in the well-known cases of axial and translational symmetries.

  17. Exact geodesic distances in FLRW spacetimes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, William J.; Rideout, David; Halverson, James; Krioukov, Dmitri

    2017-11-01

    Geodesics are used in a wide array of applications in cosmology and astrophysics. However, it is not a trivial task to efficiently calculate exact geodesic distances in an arbitrary spacetime. We show that in spatially flat (3 +1 )-dimensional Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) spacetimes, it is possible to integrate the second-order geodesic differential equations, and derive a general method for finding both timelike and spacelike distances given initial-value or boundary-value constraints. In flat spacetimes with either dark energy or matter, whether dust, radiation, or a stiff fluid, we find an exact closed-form solution for geodesic distances. In spacetimes with a mixture of dark energy and matter, including spacetimes used to model our physical universe, there exists no closed-form solution, but we provide a fast numerical method to compute geodesics. A general method is also described for determining the geodesic connectedness of an FLRW manifold, provided only its scale factor.

  18. Descriptive statistics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Runhua; McLarty, Jerry W

    2009-10-01

    In this article, we introduced basic concepts of statistics, type of distributions, and descriptive statistics. A few examples were also provided. The basic concepts presented herein are only a fraction of the concepts related to descriptive statistics. Also, there are many commonly used distributions not presented herein, such as Poisson distributions for rare events and exponential distributions, F distributions, and logistic distributions. More information can be found in many statistics books and publications.

  19. Vaidya-like exact solutions with torsion

    CERN Document Server

    Blagojević, M

    2015-01-01

    Starting from the Oliva-Tempo-Troncoso black hole, a solution of the Bergshoeff-Hohm-Townsend massive gravity, a new class of the Vaidya-like exact solutions with torsion is constructed in the three-dimensional Poincar\\'e gauge theory. A particular subclass of these solutions is shown to possess the asymptotic conformal symmetry. The related canonical energy contains a contribution stemming from torsion.

  20. New exact cosmologies on the brane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astashenok, Artyom V.; Yurov, Artyom V.; Chervon, Sergey V.; Shabanov, Evgeniy V.; Sami, Mohammad

    2014-10-01

    We develop a method for constructing exact cosmological solutions in brane world cosmology. New classes of cosmological solutions on Randall-Sandrum brane are obtained. The superpotential and Hubble parameter are represented in quadratures. These solutions have inflationary phases under general assumptions and also describe an exit from the inflationary phase without a fine tuning of the parameters. Another class solutions can describe the current phase of accelerated expansion with or without possible exit from it.

  1. Exact tests for Hardy-Weinberg proportions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engels, William R

    2009-12-01

    Exact conditional tests are often required to evaluate statistically whether a sample of diploids comes from a population with Hardy-Weinberg proportions or to confirm the accuracy of genotype assignments. This requirement is especially common when the sample includes multiple alleles and sparse data, thus rendering asymptotic methods, such as the common chi(2)-test, unreliable. Such an exact test can be performed using the likelihood ratio as its test statistic rather than the more commonly used probability test. Conceptual advantages in using the likelihood ratio are discussed. A substantially improved algorithm is described to permit the performance of a full-enumeration exact test on sample sizes that are too large for previous methods. An improved Monte Carlo algorithm is also proposed for samples that preclude full enumeration. These algorithms are about two orders of magnitude faster than those currently in use. Finally, methods are derived to compute the number of possible samples with a given set of allele counts, a useful quantity for evaluating the feasibility of the full enumeration procedure. Software implementing these methods, ExactoHW, is provided.

  2. On the exactness of soft theorems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrieri, Andrea L.; Huang, Yu-tin; Li, Zhizhong; Wen, Congkao

    2017-12-01

    Soft behaviours of S-matrix for massless theories reflect the underlying symmetry principle that enforces its masslessness. As an expansion in soft momenta, sub-leading soft theorems can arise either due to (I) unique structure of the fundamental vertex or (II) presence of enhanced broken-symmetries. While the former is expected to be modified by infrared or ultraviolet divergences, the latter should remain exact to all orders in perturbation theory. Using current algebra, we clarify such distinction for spontaneously broken (super) Poincaré and (super) conformal symmetry. We compute the UV divergences of DBI, conformal DBI, and A-V theory to verify the exactness of type (II) soft theorems, while type (I) are shown to be broken and the soft-modifying higher-dimensional operators are identified. As further evidence for the exactness of type (II) soft theorems, we consider the α' expansion of both super and bosonic open strings amplitudes, and verify the validity of the translation symmetry breaking soft-theorems up to O({α}^' 6}) . Thus the massless S-matrix of string theory "knows" about the presence of D-branes.

  3. The exact solutions of nonlinear problems by Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafiz Abdul Wahab

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper presents the comparison of analytical techniques. We establish the existence of the phenomena of the noise terms in the perturbation series solution and find the exact solution of the nonlinear problems. If the noise terms exist, the Homotopy Analysis method gives the same series solution as in Adomian Decomposition Method as well as homotopy Perturbation Method (Wahab et al, 2015 and we get the exact solution using the initial guess in Homotopy Analysis Method using the results obtained by Adomian Decomposition Method.

  4. Critical properties of scalar field theory with Lorentz violation: Exact treatment of Lorentz-violating mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, P. R. S.; Sena-Junior, M. I.

    2017-12-01

    In this work, we compute analytically the infrared divergences of massless O(N) self-interacting scalar field theories with Lorentz violation, which are exact in the Lorentz-violating Kμν coefficients, for evaluating the corresponding next-to-leading order critical exponents. For that, we apply three distinct and independent field-theoretic renormalization group methods. We find that the outcomes for the critical exponents are the same in the three methods and, furthermore, are identical to their Lorentz invariant counterparts. We generalize the results for all loop levels by employing a general theorem arising from the exact procedure and give the corresponding physical interpretation.

  5. Communication: An exact bound on the bridge function in integral equation theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kast, Stefan M.; Tomazic, Daniel

    2012-11-01

    We show that the formal solution of the general closure relation occurring in Ornstein-Zernike-type integral equation theories in terms of the Lambert W function leads to an exact relation between the bridge function and correlation functions, most notably to an inequality that bounds possible bridge values. The analytical results are illustrated on the example of the Lennard-Jones fluid for which the exact bridge function is known from computer simulations under various conditions. The inequality has consequences for the development of bridge function models and rationalizes numerical convergence issues.

  6. Communication: An exact bound on the bridge function in integral equation theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kast, Stefan M; Tomazic, Daniel

    2012-11-07

    We show that the formal solution of the general closure relation occurring in Ornstein-Zernike-type integral equation theories in terms of the Lambert W function leads to an exact relation between the bridge function and correlation functions, most notably to an inequality that bounds possible bridge values. The analytical results are illustrated on the example of the Lennard-Jones fluid for which the exact bridge function is known from computer simulations under various conditions. The inequality has consequences for the development of bridge function models and rationalizes numerical convergence issues.

  7. Exact outage analysis of incremental decode-and-forward opportunistic relaying

    KAUST Repository

    Tourki, Kamel

    2010-11-01

    In this paper, we investigate a dual-hop decode-andforward opportunistic relaying scheme where the selected relay chooses to cooperate only if the source-destination channel is of an unacceptable quality. In our study, we derive exact closed-form expression for the outage probability based on the exact statistics of each hop. Furthermore, we perform asymptotic analysis and we deduce the diversity order of the scheme. We validate our analysis by showing that performance simulation results coincide with our analytical results over different network architectures. © 2010 IEEE.

  8. An Analytical Method of Auxiliary Sources Solution for Plane Wave Scattering by Impedance Cylinders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Niels Vesterdal; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2004-01-01

    Analytical Method of Auxiliary Sources solutions for plane wave scattering by circular impedance cylinders are derived by transformation of the exact eigenfunction series solutions employing the Hankel function wave transformation. The analytical Method of Auxiliary Sources solution thus obtained...

  9. Dynamics of an Imperfect Microbeam Considering its Exact Shape

    KAUST Repository

    Bataineh, Ahmad M.

    2014-08-17

    We study the static and dynamic behavior of electrically actuated micromachined arches. First, we conduct experiments on micromachined polysilicon beams by driving them electrically and varying their amplitude and frequency of voltage loads. The results reveal several interesting nonlinear phenomena of jumps, hysteresis, and softening behaviors. Next, we conduct analytical and theoretical investigation to understand the experiments. First, we solve the Eigen value problem analytically. We study the effect of the initial rise on the natural frequency and mode shapes, and use a Galerkin-based procedure to derive a reduced order model, which is then used to solve both the static and dynamic responses. We use two symmetric modes in the reduced order model to have accurate and converged results. We use long time integration to solve the nonlinear ordinary differential equations, and then modify our model using effective length to match experimental results. To further improve the matching with the experimental data, we curve-fit the exact profile of the microbeam to match the experimentally measured profile and use it in the reduced-order model to generate frequency-response curves. Finally, we use another numerical technique, the shooting technique, to solve the nonlinear ordinary differential equations. By using shooting and the curve fitted function, we found that we get good agreement with the experimental data.

  10. Analytical quadrics

    CERN Document Server

    Spain, Barry; Ulam, S; Stark, M

    1960-01-01

    Analytical Quadrics focuses on the analytical geometry of three dimensions. The book first discusses the theory of the plane, sphere, cone, cylinder, straight line, and central quadrics in their standard forms. The idea of the plane at infinity is introduced through the homogenous Cartesian coordinates and applied to the nature of the intersection of three planes and to the circular sections of quadrics. The text also focuses on paraboloid, including polar properties, center of a section, axes of plane section, and generators of hyperbolic paraboloid. The book also touches on homogenous coordi

  11. Analytical Solution Of Complete Schwarzschild\\'s Planetary Equation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is well known how to solve the Einstein\\'s planetary equation of motion by the method of successive approximation for the corresponding orbit solution. In this paper, we solve the complete schwarzschild\\'s planetary equation of motion by an exact analytical method. The result reveals that there are actually eight exact ...

  12. Video Analytics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book collects the papers presented at two workshops during the 23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR): the Third Workshop on Video Analytics for Audience Measurement (VAAM) and the Second International Workshop on Face and Facial Expression Recognition (FFER) from Real W...

  13. Fundamentals of the exact renormalization group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosten, Oliver J.

    2012-02-01

    Various aspects of the Exact Renormalization Group (ERG) are explored, starting with a review of the concepts underpinning the framework and the circumstances under which it is expected to be useful. A particular emphasis is placed on the intuitive picture provided for both renormalization in quantum field theory and universality associated with second order phase transitions. A qualitative discussion of triviality, asymptotic freedom and asymptotic safety is presented. Focusing on scalar field theory, the construction of assorted flow equations is considered using a general approach, whereby different ERGs follow from field redefinitions. It is recalled that Polchinski’s equation can be cast as a heat equation, which provides intuition and computational techniques for what follows. The analysis of properties of exact solutions to flow equations includes a proof that the spectrum of the anomalous dimension at critical fixed-points is quantized. Two alternative methods for computing the β-function in λϕ4 theory are considered. For one of these it is found that all explicit dependence on the non-universal differences between a family of ERGs cancels out, exactly. The Wilson-Fisher fixed-point is rediscovered in a rather novel way. The discussion of nonperturbative approximation schemes focuses on the derivative expansion, and includes a refinement of the arguments that, at the lowest order in this approximation, a function can be constructed which decreases monotonically along the flow. A new perspective is provided on the relationship between the renormalizability of the Wilsonian effective action and of correlation functions, following which the construction of manifestly gauge invariant ERGs is sketched, and some new insights are given. Drawing these strands together suggests a new approach to quantum field theory.

  14. Supersymmetric QCD: exact results and strong coupling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dine, Michael; Festuccia, Guido; Pack, Lawrence; Park, Chang-Soon; Ubaldi, Lorenzo; Wu, Weitao

    2011-05-01

    We revisit two longstanding puzzles in supersymmetric gauge theories. The first concerns the question of the holomorphy of the coupling, and related to this the possible definition of an exact (NSVZ) beta function. The second concerns instantons in pure gluodynamics, which appear to give sensible, exact results for certain correlation functions, which nonetheless differ from those obtained using systematic weak coupling expansions. For the first question, we extend an earlier proposal of Arkani-Hamed and Murayama, showing that if their regulated action is written suitably, the holomorphy of the couplings is manifest, and it is easy to determine the renormalization scheme for which the NSVZ formula holds. This scheme, however, is seen to be one of an infinite class of schemes, each leading to an exact beta function; the NSVZ scheme, while simple, is not selected by any compelling physical consideration. For the second question, we explain why the instanton computation in the pure supersymmetric gauge theory is not reliable, even at short distances. The semiclassical expansion about the instanton is purely formal; if infrared divergences appear, they spoil arguments based on holomorphy. We demonstrate that infrared divergences do not occur in the perturbation expansion about the instanton, but explain that there is no reason to think this captures all contributions from the sector with unit topological charge. That one expects additional contributions is illustrated by dilute gas corrections. These are infrared divergent, and so difficult to define, but if non-zero give order one, holomorphic, corrections to the leading result. Exploiting an earlier analysis of Davies et al, we demonstrate that in the theory compactified on a circle of radius β, due to infrared effects, finite contributions indeed arise which are not visible in the formal β → ∞ limit.

  15. Exact formation of hairy planar black holes

    OpenAIRE

    Fan, Zhong-Ying; Chen, Bin

    2015-01-01

    We consider Einstein gravity minimally coupled to a scalar field with a given potential in general dimensions. We obtain large classes of static hairy planar black holes which are asymptotic to AdS space-times. In particular, for a special case $\\mu=(n-2)/2$, we obtain new classes of exact dynamical solutions describing black holes formation. We find there are two classes of collapse solutions. The first class solutions describe the evolution start from AdS space-time with a naked singularity...

  16. Compiling Relational Bayesian Networks for Exact Inference

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jaeger, Manfred; Darwiche, Adnan; Chavira, Mark

    2006-01-01

    We describe in this paper a system for exact inference with relational Bayesian networks as defined in the publicly available PRIMULA tool. The system is based on compiling propositional instances of relational Bayesian networks into arithmetic circuits and then performing online inference...... by evaluating and differentiating these circuits in time linear in their size. We report on experimental results showing successful compilation and efficient inference on relational Bayesian networks, whose PRIMULA--generated propositional instances have thousands of variables, and whose jointrees have clusters...

  17. New approach to the exact solution of viscous flow due to stretching (shrinking and porous sheet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azhar Ali

    Full Text Available Exact analytical solutions for the generalized stretching (shrinking of a porous surface, for the variable suction (injection velocity, is presented in this paper. The solution is generalized in the sense that the existing solutions that correspond to various stretching velocities are recovered as a special case of this study. A suitable similarity transformation is introduced to find self-similar solution of the non-linear governing equations. The flow is characterized by a few non-dimensional parameters signifying the problem completely. These parameters are such that the whole range of stretching (shrinking problems discussed earlier can be recovered by assigning appropriate values to these parameters. A key point of the whole narrative is that a number of earlier works can be abridged into one generalized problem through the introduction of a new similarity transformation and finding its exact solution encompassing all the earlier solutions. Keywords: Exact solutions, New similarities, Permeable and moving sheet

  18. Agent-based model for the h-index - Exact solution

    CERN Document Server

    Żogała-Siudem, Barbara; Cena, Anna; Gagolewski, Marek

    2015-01-01

    The Hirsch's $h$-index is perhaps the most popular citation-based measure of the scientific excellence. In 2013 G. Ionescu and B. Chopard proposed an agent-based model for this index to describe a publications and citations generation process in an abstract scientific community. With such an approach one can simulate a single scientist's activity, and by extension investigate the whole community of researchers. Even though this approach predicts quite well the $h$-index from bibliometric data, only a solution based on simulations was given. In this paper, we complete their results with exact, analytic formulas. What is more, due to our exact solution we are able to simplify the Ionescu-Chopard model which allows us to obtain a compact formula for $h$-index. Moreover, a simulation study designed to compare both, approximated and exact, solutions is included. The last part of this paper presents evaluation of the obtained results on a real-word data set.

  19. The exact solution of the Schrödinger equation with a polynomially spatially varying mass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednarik, Michal; Cervenka, Milan

    2017-07-01

    The Schrödinger equation with a position-dependent mass (SEPDM) is employed in many areas of quantum physics. Exact solutions for the SEPDM lie at the center of interest of the professional public because it helps us to understand the behavior of quantum particles in the cases in which their mass varies spatially. For this purpose, we used the mass function represented by a quartic polynomial and a quadratic potential function, which extends the current class of exact solutions of the SEPDM. The exact analytical solution of the problem is expressed as a linear combination of local Heun functions. Heun's equation contains many parameters, resulting in its general nature. We studied how limit changes in some of these parameters will affect the solution of the SEPDM. The obtained solutions are particularly suitable for the transfer matrix method and solutions of scattering problems; this is demonstrated by the calculation of bound states.

  20. Deriving the exact nonadiabatic quantum propagator in the mapping variable representation

    CERN Document Server

    Hele, Timothy J H

    2016-01-01

    We derive an exact quantum propagator for nonadiabatic dynamics in multi-state systems using the mapping variable representation, where classical-like Cartesian variables are used to represent both continuous nuclear degrees of freedom and discrete electronic states. The resulting expression is a Moyal series that, when suitably approximated, can allow for the use of classical dynamics to efficiently model large systems. We demonstrate that different truncations of the exact propagator lead to existing approximate semiclassical and mixed quantum-classical methods and we derive an associated error term for each method. Furthermore, by combining the imaginary-time path-integral representation of the Boltzmann operator with the exact propagator, we obtain an analytic expression for thermal quantum real-time correlation functions. These results provide a rigorous theoretical foundation for the development of accurate and efficient classical-like dynamics to compute observables such as electron transfer reaction r...

  1. Entanglement and relaxation in exactly solvable models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lychkovskiy, O.

    2011-11-01

    A system put in contact with a large heat bath normally thermalizes. This means that the state of the system ρℐ( t) approaches an equilibrium state ρ{eq/ℐ}, the latter depending only on macroscopic characteristics of the bath (e.g. temperature), but not on the initial state of the system. The above statement is the cornerstone of the equilibrium statistical mechanics; its validity and its domain of applicability are central questions in the studies of the foundations of statistical mechanics. In the present contribution we discuss the recently proven general theorems about thermalization and demonstrate how they work in exactly solvable models. In particular, we review a necessary condition for the system initial state independence (ISI) of ρ{eq/ℐ}, which was proven in our previous work, and apply it for two exactly solvable models, the XX spin chain and a central spin model with a special interaction with the environment. In the latter case we are able to prove the absence of the system ISI. Also the Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis is discussed. It is pointed out that although it is supposed to be generically true in essentially not-integrable ( chaotic) quantum systems, it is how-ever also valid in the integrable XX model.

  2. Exact Solution for a Gravitational Wave Detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabounski, Dmitri; Borissova, Larissa

    2008-04-01

    The experimental statement on gravitational waves proceeds from the equation for deviating geodesic lines and the equation for deviating non-geodesics. Weber's result was not based upon an exact solution to the equations, but on an approximate analysis of what could be expected: he expected that a plane weak wave of the space metric may displace two resting particles with respect to each other. In this work, exact solutions are presented for the deviation equation of both free and spring-connected particles. The solutions show that a gravitational wave may displace particles in a two-particle system only if they are in motion with respect to each other or the local space (there is no effect if they are at rest). Thus, gravitational waves produce a parametric effect on a two-particle system. According to the solutions, an altered detector construction can be proposed such that it might interact with gravitational waves: 1) a horizontally suspended cylindrical pig, whose butt-ends have basic relative oscillations induced by a laboratory source; 2) a free-mass detector where suspended mirrors have laboratory induced basic oscillations relative to each other.

  3. Communication waveform properties of an exact folded-band chaotic oscillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blakely, Jonathan N.; Hahs, Daniel W.; Corron, Ned J.

    2013-11-01

    We interpret the waveform of an exact folded-band oscillator as an on-off keyed communication waveform. Unlike most nonlinear systems, this oscillator has a general analytic solution that allows for unusually exact analysis. Using this solution, we identify the key differences between a deterministic chaotic oscillation and an ideal on-off keying waveform to be (1) an inherent form of intersymbol interference and (2) a grammar restriction giving rise to a built-in variable length code. We define a simple coherent receiver based on a matched filter, and consider transmission in the presence of additive white Gaussian noise. Analytic expressions for upper and lower bounds on the probability of errors in receiving code letters are derived and shown to be consistent with numerical simulations.

  4. Video Analytics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book collects the papers presented at two workshops during the 23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR): the Third Workshop on Video Analytics for Audience Measurement (VAAM) and the Second International Workshop on Face and Facial Expression Recognition (FFER) from Real...... include: re-identification, consumer behavior analysis, utilizing pupillary response for task difficulty measurement, logo detection, saliency prediction, classification of facial expressions, face recognition, face verification, age estimation, super-resolution, pose estimation, and pain recognition...

  5. Video Analytics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    include: re-identification, consumer behavior analysis, utilizing pupillary response for task difficulty measurement, logo detection, saliency prediction, classification of facial expressions, face recognition, face verification, age estimation, super-resolution, pose estimation, and pain recognition......This book collects the papers presented at two workshops during the 23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR): the Third Workshop on Video Analytics for Audience Measurement (VAAM) and the Second International Workshop on Face and Facial Expression Recognition (FFER) from Real...

  6. Analytical history

    OpenAIRE

    Bertrand M. Roehner

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this note is to explain what is "analytical history", a modular and testable analysis of historical events introduced in a book published in 2002 (Roehner and Syme 2002). Broadly speaking, it is a comparative methodology for the analysis of historical events. Comparison is the keystone and hallmark of science. For instance, the extrasolar planets are crucial for understanding our own solar system. Until their discovery, astronomers could observe only one instance. Single instan...

  7. Exact protein distributions for stochastic models of gene expression using partitioning of Poisson processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendar, Hodjat; Platini, Thierry; Kulkarni, Rahul V

    2013-04-01

    Stochasticity in gene expression gives rise to fluctuations in protein levels across a population of genetically identical cells. Such fluctuations can lead to phenotypic variation in clonal populations; hence, there is considerable interest in quantifying noise in gene expression using stochastic models. However, obtaining exact analytical results for protein distributions has been an intractable task for all but the simplest models. Here, we invoke the partitioning property of Poisson processes to develop a mapping that significantly simplifies the analysis of stochastic models of gene expression. The mapping leads to exact protein distributions using results for mRNA distributions in models with promoter-based regulation. Using this approach, we derive exact analytical results for steady-state and time-dependent distributions for the basic two-stage model of gene expression. Furthermore, we show how the mapping leads to exact protein distributions for extensions of the basic model that include the effects of posttranscriptional and posttranslational regulation. The approach developed in this work is widely applicable and can contribute to a quantitative understanding of stochasticity in gene expression and its regulation.

  8. Analytical Study of Thermonuclear Reaction Probability Integrals

    OpenAIRE

    Chaudhry, M.A.; Haubold, H. J.; Mathai, A. M.

    2000-01-01

    An analytic study of the reaction probability integrals corresponding to the various forms of the slowly varying cross-section factor $S(E)$ is attempted. Exact expressions for reaction probability integrals are expressed in terms of the extended gamma functions.

  9. Effective medium approximation and exact formulae for electrokinetic phenomena in porous media

    CERN Document Server

    Adler, P M

    2003-01-01

    Electrokinetic phenomena in porous media are studied by application of the effective medium theory and the theory of duality transformation. We deduce new exact relations and analytical formulae for the effective constants of the macroscopic tensor. We also prove that the effective tensors obtained by these approaches coincide for 2D problems. The obtained results for the electrokinetic processes are closely related to similar results derived for piezoelectric composites because of a common mathematical background.

  10. Exact solutions for helical magnetohydrodynamic equilibria. II. Nonstatic and nonbarotropic solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villata, M. (Istituto di Fisica Generale dell' Universita, Via Pietro Giuria 1, I-10125 Torino (Italy)); Ferrari, A. (Osservatorio Astronomico di Torino, I-10025 Pino Torinese (Italy))

    1994-07-01

    In the framework of the analytical study of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equilibria with flow and nonuniform density, a general family of well-behaved exact solutions of the generalized Grad--Shafranov equation and of the whole set of time-independent MHD equations completed by the nonbarotropic ideal gas equation of state is obtained, both in helical and axial symmetry. The helical equilibrium solutions are suggested to be relevant to describe the helical morphology of some astrophysical jets.

  11. The analytic renormalization group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Ferrari

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Finite temperature Euclidean two-point functions in quantum mechanics or quantum field theory are characterized by a discrete set of Fourier coefficients Gk, k∈Z, associated with the Matsubara frequencies νk=2πk/β. We show that analyticity implies that the coefficients Gk must satisfy an infinite number of model-independent linear equations that we write down explicitly. In particular, we construct “Analytic Renormalization Group” linear maps Aμ which, for any choice of cut-off μ, allow to express the low energy Fourier coefficients for |νk|<μ (with the possible exception of the zero mode G0, together with the real-time correlators and spectral functions, in terms of the high energy Fourier coefficients for |νk|≥μ. Operating a simple numerical algorithm, we show that the exact universal linear constraints on Gk can be used to systematically improve any random approximate data set obtained, for example, from Monte-Carlo simulations. Our results are illustrated on several explicit examples.

  12. Holographic approach to deformations of NS5-brane distributions and exact CFTs

    CERN Document Server

    Fotopoulos, Angelos; Prezas, Nikolaos; Sfetsos, Konstadinos

    2008-01-01

    We consider general planar deformations of a circular distribution of NS5-branes. The near-horizon region of the latter admits, after a T-duality transformation, an exact conformal-field-theory description in terms of the coset model SU(2)/U(1) X SL(2,R)/U(1). We derive the exactly marginal operators corresponding to an infinitesimal planar deformation using the conjectured holography between the coset model and the little string theory that resides on the worldvolume of the NS5-branes. Subsequently, we perform a complementary analysis of the same deformations using the associated N=1 supersymmetric sigma model and verify the holographic correspondence. We explicitly demonstrate a precise match between the two approaches which rests upon a delicate interplay between exact conformal-field-theory operators and their semiclassical realizations in terms of target-space variables.

  13. Kitaev honeycomb tensor networks: Exact unitary circuits and applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmoll, Philipp; Orús, Román

    2017-01-01

    The Kitaev honeycomb model is a paradigm of exactly solvable models, showing nontrivial physical properties such as topological quantum order, Abelian and non-Abelian anyons, and chirality. Its solution is one of the most beautiful examples of the interplay of different mathematical techniques in condensed matter physics. In this paper, we show how to derive a tensor network (TN) description of the eigenstates of this spin-1/2 model in the thermodynamic limit, and in particular for its ground state. In our setting, eigenstates are naturally encoded by an exact 3d TN structure made of fermionic unitary operators, corresponding to the unitary quantum circuit building up the many-body quantum state. In our derivation we review how the different "solution ingredients" of the Kitaev honeycomb model can be accounted for in the TN language, namely, Jordan-Wigner transformation, braidings of Majorana modes, fermionic Fourier transformation, and Bogoliubov transformation. The TN built in this way allows for a clear understanding of several properties of the model. In particular, we show how the fidelity diagram is straightforward both at zero temperature and at finite temperature in the vortex-free sector. We also show how the properties of two-point correlation functions follow easily. Finally, we also discuss the pros and cons of contracting of our 3d TN down to a 2d projected entangled pair state (PEPS) with finite bond dimension. The results in this paper can be extended to generalizations of the Kitaev model, e.g., to other lattices, spins, and dimensions.

  14. [Descriptive statistics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rendón-Macías, Mario Enrique; Villasís-Keever, Miguel Ángel; Miranda-Novales, María Guadalupe

    2016-01-01

    Descriptive statistics is the branch of statistics that gives recommendations on how to summarize clearly and simply research data in tables, figures, charts, or graphs. Before performing a descriptive analysis it is paramount to summarize its goal or goals, and to identify the measurement scales of the different variables recorded in the study. Tables or charts aim to provide timely information on the results of an investigation. The graphs show trends and can be histograms, pie charts, "box and whiskers" plots, line graphs, or scatter plots. Images serve as examples to reinforce concepts or facts. The choice of a chart, graph, or image must be based on the study objectives. Usually it is not recommended to use more than seven in an article, also depending on its length.

  15. Interference-exact radiative transfer equation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Partanen, Mikko; Haÿrynen, Teppo; Oksanen, Jani

    2017-01-01

    Maxwell's equations with stochastic or quantum optical source terms accounting for the quantum nature of light. We show that both the nonlocal wave and local particle features associated with interference and emission of propagating fields in stratified geometries can be fully captured by local damping...... equation (RTE) as a physically transparent interference-exact model that extends the useful range of computationally efficient and quantum optically accurate interference-aware optical models from simple structures to full optical devices.......The Purcell effect, i.e., the modification of the spontaneous emission rate by optical interference, profoundly affects the light-matter coupling in optical resonators. Fully describing the optical absorption, emission, and interference of light hence conventionally requires combining the full...

  16. An exactly solvable system from quantum optics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maciejewski, Andrzej J., E-mail: maciejka@astro.ia.uz.zgora.pl [J. Kepler Institute of Astronomy, University of Zielona Góra, Licealna 9, PL-65-417 Zielona Góra (Poland); Przybylska, Maria, E-mail: M.Przybylska@if.uz.zgora.pl [Institute of Physics, University of Zielona Góra, Licealna 9, 65-417 Zielona Góra (Poland); Stachowiak, Tomasz, E-mail: stachowiak@cft.edu.pl [Center for Theoretical Physics PAS, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland)

    2015-07-31

    We investigate a generalisation of the Rabi system in the Bargmann–Fock representation. In this representation the eigenproblem of the considered quantum model is described by a system of two linear differential equations with one independent variable. The system has only one irregular singular point at infinity. We show how the quantisation of the model is related to asymptotic behaviour of solutions in a vicinity of this point. The explicit formulae for the spectrum and eigenfunctions of the model follow from an analysis of the Stokes phenomenon. An interpretation of the obtained results in terms of differential Galois group of the system is also given. - Highlights: • New exactly solvable system from quantum optics is found. • Normalisation condition for system in Bargmann representation is used. • Formulae for spectrum and eigenfunctions from analysis of Stokes phenomenon are given.

  17. Exact eigenfunctions and the open topological string

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariño, Marcos; Zakany, Szabolcs

    2017-08-01

    Mirror curves to toric Calabi-Yau threefolds can be quantized and lead to trace class operators on the real line. The eigenvalues of these operators are encoded in the BPS invariants of the underlying threefold, but much less is known about their eigenfunctions. In this paper, we first develop methods in spectral theory to compute these eigenfunctions. We also provide an integral matrix representation which allows them to be studied in a ’t Hooft limit, where they are described by standard topological open string amplitudes. Based on these results, we propose a conjecture for the exact eigenfunctions, which involves both the WKB wavefunction and the standard topological string wavefunction. This conjecture can be made completely explicit in the maximally supersymmetric, or self-dual case, which we work out in detail for local \

  18. Video Analytics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book collects the papers presented at two workshops during the 23rd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR): the Third Workshop on Video Analytics for Audience Measurement (VAAM) and the Second International Workshop on Face and Facial Expression Recognition (FFER) from Real...... World Videos. The workshops were run on December 4, 2016, in Cancun in Mexico. The two workshops together received 13 papers. Each paper was then reviewed by at least two expert reviewers in the field. In all, 11 papers were accepted to be presented at the workshops. The topics covered in the papers...

  19. Analytic solutions of a class of nonlinearly dynamic systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, M-C [System Engineering Institute of Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072 (China); Zhao, X-S; Liu, X [Tianjin University of Technology and Education, Tianjin, 300222 (China)], E-mail: mchwang123@163.com.cn, E-mail: xszhao@mail.nwpu.edu.cn, E-mail: liuxinhubei@163.com.cn

    2008-02-15

    In this paper, the homotopy perturbation method (HPM) is applied to solve a coupled system of two nonlinear differential with first-order similar model of Lotka-Volterra and a Bratus equation with a source term. The analytic approximate solutions are derived. Furthermore, the analytic approximate solutions obtained by the HPM with the exact solutions reveals that the present method works efficiently.

  20. Transient transport in amorphous solids: An exact calculation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khantha, M.; Balakrishnan, V.

    1985-08-01

    An exact analytic result that is valid at all times is obtained for the decay of the transient photocurrent in amorphous materials. The motion of the charge carriers across the sample is modeled by a biased continuous-time random walk, and the current is calculated for an arbitrary event-time distribution. This is a generalization of the earlier results of Shlesinger and of Scher and Montroll wherein the short- and long-time features in the decay of the photocurrent were obtained for long-tailed event-time distributions using certain approximate solutions and periodic boundary conditions. We impose physical boundary conditions, and our solution may be used with any type of event-time distribution modeling the carrier transport. We discuss in detail the transition from the short-time to the long-time form of the power-law decay for a temporally fractal event-time distribution. The main advantage in using this form is that it enables us to vary the power-law index continuously. It also serves to highlight the dependence of the magnitude of the transition time on the details of the clustering of event times.

  1. Exact numerical calculation of fixation probability and time on graphs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hindersin, Laura; Möller, Marius; Traulsen, Arne; Bauer, Benedikt

    2016-12-01

    The Moran process on graphs is a popular model to study the dynamics of evolution in a spatially structured population. Exact analytical solutions for the fixation probability and time of a new mutant have been found for only a few classes of graphs so far. Simulations are time-expensive and many realizations are necessary, as the variance of the fixation times is high. We present an algorithm that numerically computes these quantities for arbitrary small graphs by an approach based on the transition matrix. The advantage over simulations is that the calculation has to be executed only once. Building the transition matrix is automated by our algorithm. This enables a fast and interactive study of different graph structures and their effect on fixation probability and time. We provide a fast implementation in C with this note (Hindersin et al., 2016). Our code is very flexible, as it can handle two different update mechanisms (Birth-death or death-Birth), as well as arbitrary directed or undirected graphs. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Exact solutions in a model of vertical gas migration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silin, Dmitriy B.; Patzek, Tad W.; Benson, Sally M.

    2006-06-27

    This work is motivated by the growing interest in injectingcarbon dioxide into deep geological formations as a means of avoidingatmospheric emissions of carbon dioxide and consequent global warming.One of the key questions regarding the feasibility of this technology isthe potential rate of leakage out of the primary storage formation. Weseek exact solutions in a model of gas flow driven by a combination ofbuoyancy, viscous and capillary forces. Different combinations of theseforces and characteristic length scales of the processes lead todifferent time scaling and different types of solutions. In the case of athin, tight seal, where the impact of gravity is negligible relative tocapillary and viscous forces, a Ryzhik-type solution implies square-rootof time scaling of plume propagation velocity. In the general case, a gasplume has two stable zones, which can be described by travelling-wavesolutions. The theoretical maximum of the velocity of plume migrationprovides a conservative estimate for the time of vertical migration.Although the top of the plume has low gas saturation, it propagates witha velocity close to the theoretical maximum. The bottom of the plumeflows significantly more slowly at a higher gas saturation. Due to localheterogeneities, the plume can break into parts. Individual plumes alsocan coalesce and from larger plumes. The analytical results are appliedto studying carbon dioxide flow caused by leaks from deep geologicalformations used for CO2 storage. The results are also applicable formodeling flow of natural gas leaking from seasonal gas storage, or formodeling of secondary hydrocarbon migration.

  3. Analytical model of reactive transport processes with spatially variable coefficients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simpson, Matthew J; Morrow, Liam C

    2015-05-01

    Analytical solutions of partial differential equation (PDE) models describing reactive transport phenomena in saturated porous media are often used as screening tools to provide insight into contaminant fate and transport processes. While many practical modelling scenarios involve spatially variable coefficients, such as spatially variable flow velocity, v(x), or spatially variable decay rate, k(x), most analytical models deal with constant coefficients. Here we present a framework for constructing exact solutions of PDE models of reactive transport. Our approach is relevant for advection-dominant problems, and is based on a regular perturbation technique. We present a description of the solution technique for a range of one-dimensional scenarios involving constant and variable coefficients, and we show that the solutions compare well with numerical approximations. Our general approach applies to a range of initial conditions and various forms of v(x) and k(x). Instead of simply documenting specific solutions for particular cases, we present a symbolic worksheet, as supplementary material, which enables the solution to be evaluated for different choices of the initial condition, v(x) and k(x). We also discuss how the technique generalizes to apply to models of coupled multispecies reactive transport as well as higher dimensional problems.

  4. Search Analytics for Your Site

    CERN Document Server

    Rosenfeld, Louis

    2011-01-01

    Any organization that has a searchable web site or intranet is sitting on top of hugely valuable and usually under-exploited data: logs that capture what users are searching for, how often each query was searched, and how many results each query retrieved. Search queries are gold: they are real data that show us exactly what users are searching for in their own words. This book shows you how to use search analytics to carry on a conversation with your customers: listen to and understand their needs, and improve your content, navigation and search performance to meet those needs.

  5. New approach for exact solutions of time fractional Cahn-Allen equation and time fractional Phi-4 equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tariq, Hira; Akram, Ghazala

    2017-05-01

    In this article, new exact analytical solutions of some nonlinear evolution equations (NLEEs) arising in science, engineering and mathematical physics, namely time fractional Cahn-Allen equation and time fractional Phi-4 equation are developed using tanh method by means of fractional complex transform. The obtained results are demonstrated by graphs for the new solutions.

  6. Analytical mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Helrich, Carl S

    2017-01-01

    This advanced undergraduate textbook begins with the Lagrangian formulation of Analytical Mechanics and then passes directly to the Hamiltonian formulation and the canonical equations, with constraints incorporated through Lagrange multipliers. Hamilton's Principle and the canonical equations remain the basis of the remainder of the text. Topics considered for applications include small oscillations, motion in electric and magnetic fields, and rigid body dynamics. The Hamilton-Jacobi approach is developed with special attention to the canonical transformation in order to provide a smooth and logical transition into the study of complex and chaotic systems. Finally the text has a careful treatment of relativistic mechanics and the requirement of Lorentz invariance. The text is enriched with an outline of the history of mechanics, which particularly outlines the importance of the work of Euler, Lagrange, Hamilton and Jacobi. Numerous exercises with solutions support the exceptionally clear and concise treatment...

  7. FLAG: Exact Fourier-Laguerre transform on the ball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leistedt, Boris; McEwen, Jason

    2017-10-01

    FLAG is a fast implementation of the Fourier-Laguerre Transform, a novel 3D transform exploiting an exact quadrature rule of the ball to construct an exact harmonic transform in 3D spherical coordinates. The angular part of the Fourier-Laguerre transform uses the MW sampling theorem and the exact spherical harmonic transform implemented in the SSHT code. The radial sampling scheme arises from an exact quadrature of the radial half-line using damped Laguerre polynomials. The radial transform can in fact be used to compute the spherical Bessel transform exactly, and the Fourier-Laguerre transform is thus closely related to the Fourier-Bessel transform.

  8. Exact Fit of Simple Finite Mixture Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirk Tasche

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available How to forecast next year’s portfolio-wide credit default rate based on last year’s default observations and the current score distribution? A classical approach to this problem consists of fitting a mixture of the conditional score distributions observed last year to the current score distribution. This is a special (simple case of a finite mixture model where the mixture components are fixed and only the weights of the components are estimated. The optimum weights provide a forecast of next year’s portfolio-wide default rate. We point out that the maximum-likelihood (ML approach to fitting the mixture distribution not only gives an optimum but even an exact fit if we allow the mixture components to vary but keep their density ratio fixed. From this observation we can conclude that the standard default rate forecast based on last year’s conditional default rates will always be located between last year’s portfolio-wide default rate and the ML forecast for next year. As an application example, cost quantification is then discussed. We also discuss how the mixture model based estimation methods can be used to forecast total loss. This involves the reinterpretation of an individual classification problem as a collective quantification problem.

  9. STELLAR: fast and exact local alignments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weese David

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Large-scale comparison of genomic sequences requires reliable tools for the search of local alignments. Practical local aligners are in general fast, but heuristic, and hence sometimes miss significant matches. Results We present here the local pairwise aligner STELLAR that has full sensitivity for ε-alignments, i.e. guarantees to report all local alignments of a given minimal length and maximal error rate. The aligner is composed of two steps, filtering and verification. We apply the SWIFT algorithm for lossless filtering, and have developed a new verification strategy that we prove to be exact. Our results on simulated and real genomic data confirm and quantify the conjecture that heuristic tools like BLAST or BLAT miss a large percentage of significant local alignments. Conclusions STELLAR is very practical and fast on very long sequences which makes it a suitable new tool for finding local alignments between genomic sequences under the edit distance model. Binaries are freely available for Linux, Windows, and Mac OS X at http://www.seqan.de/projects/stellar. The source code is freely distributed with the SeqAn C++ library version 1.3 and later at http://www.seqan.de.

  10. Exact Hypothesis Tests for Log-linear Models with exactLoglinTest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Caffo

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available This manuscript overviews exact testing of goodness of fit for log-linear models using the R package exactLoglinTest. This package evaluates model fit for Poisson log-linear models by conditioning on minimal sufficient statistics to remove nuisance parameters. A Monte Carlo algorithm is proposed to estimate P values from the resulting conditional distribution. In particular, this package implements a sequentially rounded normal approximation and importance sampling to approximate probabilities from the conditional distribution. Usually, this results in a high percentage of valid samples. However, in instances where this is not the case, a Metropolis Hastings algorithm can be implemented that makes more localized jumps within the reference set. The manuscript details how some conditional tests for binomial logit models can also be viewed as conditional Poisson log-linear models and hence can be performed via exactLoglinTest. A diverse battery of examples is considered to highlight use, features and extensions of the software. Notably, potential extensions to evaluating disclosure risk are also considered.

  11. An Exact Solution for a Boundary Value Problem with Application in Fluid Mechanics and Comparison with the Regular Perturbation Solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelhalim Ebaid

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The exact solution for any physical model is of great importance in the applied science. Such exact solution leads to the correct physical interpretation and it is also useful in validating the approximate analytical or numerical methods. The exact solution for the peristaltic transport of a Jeffrey fluid with variable viscosity through a porous medium in an asymmetric channel has been achieved. The main advantage of such exact solution is the avoidance of any kind of restrictions on the viscosity parameter α, unlike the previous study in which the restriction α ≪ 1 has been put to achieve the requirements of the regular perturbation method. Hence, various plots have been introduced for the exact effects of the viscosity parameter, Daray’s number, porosity, amplitude ratio, Jeffrey fluid parameter, and the amplitudes of the waves on the pressure rise and the axial velocity. These exact effects have been discussed and further compared with those approximately obtained in the literature by using the regular perturbation method. The comparisons reveal that remarkable differences have been detected between the current exact results and those approximately obtained in the literature for the axial velocity profile and the pressure rise.

  12. So what exactly is nursing knowledge?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, L

    2011-06-01

    This paper aims to present a discussion about intrinsic nursing knowledge. The paper stems from the author's study of knowledge claims enshrined in nursing journal articles, books and conference speeches. It is argued that claims by academic nurses have largely depended on principles drawn from continental and not Analytic (British-American) philosophy. Thus, claims are credible only insofar as they defer propositional logic. This is problematic inasmuch as nursing is a practice-based activity usually carried out in medical settings. Transpersonal nursing models are particularly criticizable in respect of their unworldly character as are also concepts based on shallow usages of physics or mathematics. I argue that sensible measurements of the 'real world' are possible--without endorsing positivism--and that nursing requires little recourse to logically unsustainable claims. The paper concludes with an analysis of a recent review of nursing knowledge, which analysis indicates the circularity that attends many discussions on the topic. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing.

  13. Exact Identification of a Quantum Change Point

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sentís, Gael; Calsamiglia, John; Muñoz-Tapia, Ramon

    2017-10-01

    The detection of change points is a pivotal task in statistical analysis. In the quantum realm, it is a new primitive where one aims at identifying the point where a source that supposedly prepares a sequence of particles in identical quantum states starts preparing a mutated one. We obtain the optimal procedure to identify the change point with certainty—naturally at the price of having a certain probability of getting an inconclusive answer. We obtain the analytical form of the optimal probability of successful identification for any length of the particle sequence. We show that the conditional success probabilities of identifying each possible change point show an unexpected oscillatory behavior. We also discuss local (online) protocols and compare them with the optimal procedure.

  14. Exact sampling hardness of Ising spin models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fefferman, B.; Foss-Feig, M.; Gorshkov, A. V.

    2017-09-01

    We study the complexity of classically sampling from the output distribution of an Ising spin model, which can be implemented naturally in a variety of atomic, molecular, and optical systems. In particular, we construct a specific example of an Ising Hamiltonian that, after time evolution starting from a trivial initial state, produces a particular output configuration with probability very nearly proportional to the square of the permanent of a matrix with arbitrary integer entries. In a similar spirit to boson sampling, the ability to sample classically from the probability distribution induced by time evolution under this Hamiltonian would imply unlikely complexity theoretic consequences, suggesting that the dynamics of such a spin model cannot be efficiently simulated with a classical computer. Physical Ising spin systems capable of achieving problem-size instances (i.e., qubit numbers) large enough so that classical sampling of the output distribution is classically difficult in practice may be achievable in the near future. Unlike boson sampling, our current results only imply hardness of exact classical sampling, leaving open the important question of whether a much stronger approximate-sampling hardness result holds in this context. The latter is most likely necessary to enable a convincing experimental demonstration of quantum supremacy. As referenced in a recent paper [A. Bouland, L. Mancinska, and X. Zhang, in Proceedings of the 31st Conference on Computational Complexity (CCC 2016), Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (Schloss Dagstuhl-Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik, Dagstuhl, 2016)], our result completes the sampling hardness classification of two-qubit commuting Hamiltonians.

  15. Lecture Notes and Exercises for Course 21240 (Basic Analytical Chemistry)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1998-01-01

    The publication contains notes dealing with difficult topics in analytical chemistry (cfr. Course Descriptions, DTU), relevant exercises as well as final examination problems from the last years.......The publication contains notes dealing with difficult topics in analytical chemistry (cfr. Course Descriptions, DTU), relevant exercises as well as final examination problems from the last years....

  16. Lecture Notes and Exercises for Course 21240 (Basic Analytical Chemistry)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1999-01-01

    The publication contains notes dealing with difficult topics in analytical chemistry (cfr. Course Descriptions, DTU), relevant exercises as well as final examination problems from the last years.......The publication contains notes dealing with difficult topics in analytical chemistry (cfr. Course Descriptions, DTU), relevant exercises as well as final examination problems from the last years....

  17. Upper bounds on minimum cardinality of exact and approximate reducts

    KAUST Repository

    Chikalov, Igor

    2010-01-01

    In the paper, we consider the notions of exact and approximate decision reducts for binary decision tables. We present upper bounds on minimum cardinality of exact and approximate reducts depending on the number of rows (objects) in the decision table. We show that the bound for exact reducts is unimprovable in the general case, and the bound for approximate reducts is almost unimprovable in the general case. © 2010 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

  18. Quasitraces on exact C*-algebras are traces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haagerup, Uffe

    2014-01-01

    It is shown that all 2-quasitraces on a unital exact C ∗   -algebra are traces. As consequences one gets: (1) Every stably finite exact unital C ∗   -algebra has a tracial state, and (2) if an AW ∗   -factor of type II 1   is generated (as an AW ∗   -algebra) by an exact C ∗   -subalgebra, then i...

  19. New exact travelling wave solutions of some complex nonlinear equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekir, Ahmet

    2009-04-01

    In this paper, we establish exact solutions for complex nonlinear equations. The tanh-coth and the sine-cosine methods are used to construct exact periodic and soliton solutions of these equations. Many new families of exact travelling wave solutions of the coupled Higgs and Maccari equations are successfully obtained. These solutions may be important of significance for the explanation of some practical physical problems.

  20. Nonequilibrium phase transition in an exactly solvable driven Ising model with friction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hucht, Alfred

    2009-12-01

    A driven Ising model with friction due to magnetic correlations was proposed by Kadau [Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 137205 (2008)]. The nonequilibrium phase transition present in this system is investigated in detail using analytical methods as well as Monte Carlo simulations. In the limit of high driving velocities v the model shows mean-field behavior due to dimensional reduction and can be solved exactly for various geometries. The simulations are performed with three different single spin-flip rates: the common Metropolis and Glauber rates as well as a multiplicative rate. Due to the nonequilibrium nature of the model all rates lead to different critical temperatures at v>0, while the exact solution matches the multiplicative rate. Finally, the crossover from Ising to mean-field behavior as function of velocity and system size is analyzed in one and two dimensions.

  1. Numerically exact correlations and sampling in the two-dimensional Ising spin glass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Creighton K; Middleton, A Alan

    2013-04-01

    A powerful existing technique for evaluating statistical mechanical quantities in two-dimensional Ising models is based on constructing a matrix representing the nearest-neighbor spin couplings and then evaluating the Pfaffian of the matrix. Utilizing this technique and other more recent developments in evaluating elements of inverse matrices and exact sampling, a method and computer code for studying two-dimensional Ising models is developed. The formulation of this method is convenient and fast for computing the partition function and spin correlations. It is also useful for exact sampling, where configurations are directly generated with probability given by the Boltzmann distribution. These methods apply to Ising model samples with arbitrary nearest-neighbor couplings and can also be applied to general dimer models. Example results of computations are described, including comparisons with analytic results for the ferromagnetic Ising model, and timing information is provided.

  2. The First-Integral Method and Abundant Explicit Exact Solutions to the Zakharov Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadong Shang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is concerned with the system of Zakharov equations which involves the interactions between Langmuir and ion-acoustic waves in plasma. Abundant explicit and exact solutions of the system of Zakharov equations are derived uniformly by using the first integral method. These exact solutions are include that of the solitary wave solutions of bell-type for n and E, the solitary wave solutions of kink-type for E and bell-type for n, the singular traveling wave solutions, periodic wave solutions of triangle functions, Jacobi elliptic function doubly periodic solutions, and Weierstrass elliptic function doubly periodic wave solutions. The results obtained confirm that the first integral method is an efficient technique for analytic treatment of a wide variety of nonlinear systems of partial differential equations.

  3. Crossing probability for directed polymers in random media. II. Exact tail of the distribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Luca, Andrea; Le Doussal, Pierre

    2016-03-01

    We study the probability p ≡ p(η)(t) that two directed polymers in a given random potential η and with fixed and nearby endpoints do not cross until time t. This probability is itself a random variable (over samples η), which, as we show, acquires a very broad probability distribution at large time. In particular, the moments of p are found to be dominated by atypical samples where p is of order unity. Building on a formula established by us in a previous work using nested Bethe ansatz and Macdonald process methods, we obtain analytically the leading large time behavior of all moments p(m) ≃ γ(m)/t. From this, we extract the exact tail ∼ρ(p)/t of the probability distribution of the noncrossing probability at large time. The exact formula is compared to numerical simulations, with excellent agreement.

  4. The Impact of Business Analytics on Management Accounting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen

    The concept of 'analytics' has gained great interest in the academic literature but mostly for practical management since its formal show in the beginning of 2000. Analytics provide an integrated environment for predictive and descriptive modeling, data mining, text analytics, forecasting, optimi...

  5. Activated aging dynamics and effective trap model description in the random energy model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baity-Jesi, M.; Biroli, G.; Cammarota, C.

    2018-01-01

    We study the out-of-equilibrium aging dynamics of the random energy model (REM) ruled by a single spin-flip Metropolis dynamics. We focus on the dynamical evolution taking place on time-scales diverging with the system size. Our aim is to show to what extent the activated dynamics displayed by the REM can be described in terms of an effective trap model. We identify two time regimes: the first one corresponds to the process of escaping from a basin in the energy landscape and to the subsequent exploration of high energy configurations, whereas the second one corresponds to the evolution from a deep basin to the other. By combining numerical simulations with analytical arguments we show why the trap model description does not hold in the former but becomes exact in the second.

  6. A novel framework on exact average symbol error probabilities of multihop transmission over amplify-and-forward relay fading channels

    KAUST Repository

    Yilmaz, Ferkan

    2010-09-01

    In this paper, we propose an analytical framework on the exact computation of the average symbol error probabilities (ASEP) of multihop transmission over generalized fading channels when an arbitrary number of amplify-and-forward relays is used. Our approach relies on moment generating function (MGF) framework to obtain exact single integral expressions which can be easily computed by Gauss-Chebyshev Quadrature (GCQ) rule. As such, the derived results are a convenient tool to analyze the ASEP performance of multihop transmission over amplify-and-forward relay fading channels. Numerical and simulation results, performed to verify the correctness of the proposed formulation, are in perfect agreement. © 2010 IEEE.

  7. Partition-free approach to open quantum systems in harmonic environments: An exact stochastic Liouville equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCaul, G. M. G.; Lorenz, C. D.; Kantorovich, L.

    2017-03-01

    We present a partition-free approach to the evolution of density matrices for open quantum systems coupled to a harmonic environment. The influence functional formalism combined with a two-time Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation allows us to derive a set of exact differential equations for the reduced density matrix of an open system, termed the extended stochastic Liouville-von Neumann equation. Our approach generalizes previous work based on Caldeira-Leggett models and a partitioned initial density matrix. This provides a simple, yet exact, closed-form description for the evolution of open systems from equilibriated initial conditions. The applicability of this model and the potential for numerical implementations are also discussed.

  8. Inchworm Monte Carlo for exact non-adiabatic dynamics I. Theory and algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Hsing-Ta; Reichman, David R

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we provide a detailed description of the inchworm Monte Carlo formalism for the exact study of real-time non-adiabatic dynamics. This method optimally recycles Monte Carlo information from earlier times to greatly suppress the dynamical sign problem. Using the example of the spin-boson model, we formulate the inchworm expansion in two distinct ways: The first with respect to an expansion in the system-bath coupling and the second as an expansion in the diabatic coupling. The latter approach motivates the development of a cumulant version of the inchworm Monte Carlo method, which has the benefit of improved scaling. This paper deals completely with methodology, while the companion paper provides a comprehensive comparison of the performance of the inchworm Monte Carlo algorithms to other exact methodologies as well as a discussion of the relative advantages and disadvantages of each.

  9. Exact Algorithms for the Clustered Vehicle Routing Problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Battarra, M.; Erdogan, G.; Vigo, D.

    2014-01-01

    This study presents new exact algorithms for the clustered vehicle routing problem (CluVRP). The CluVRP is a generalization of the capacitated vehicle routing problem (CVRP), in which the customers are grouped into clusters. As in the CVRP, all the customers must be visited exactly once, but a

  10. Exact solutions of some nonlinear partial differential equations using ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Research Articles Volume 81 Issue 2 August 2013 pp 225-236 ... Abstract. The functional variable method is a powerful solution method for obtaining exact solutions of some nonlinear partial differential equations. In this paper ... By using this useful method, we found some exact solutions of the above-mentioned equations.

  11. New exact solutions of the generalized Zakharov–Kuznetsov ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In §2, an extended trial equation method is described for finding exact travelling wave solutions of nonlinear evolution equations with higher-order nonlinearity. In §3, as an application, some exact solutions to nonlinear partial differential equation such as the generalized Zakharov–Kuznetsov modified equal-width equation ...

  12. New exact travelling wave solutions of bidirectional wave equations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    where , , and d are real constants. In general, the exact travelling wave solutions will be helpful in the theoretical and numerical study of the nonlinear evolution systems. In this paper, we obtain exact travelling wave solutions of system (1) using the modified tanh–coth function method with computerized symbolic ...

  13. Understanding Business Analytics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-05

    analytic resource for the enter- prise , individual Air Force domain areas see the value of integrating analytic capabilities into their own decision ...Business Analytics, Decision Analytics, Business Intelligence, Advanced Analytics, Data Science. . . to a certain degree, to label is to limit - if only...providing a quantitative basis for complex decisions . Decision Analysis: a systematic, quantitative and visual approach to addressing and evaluating important

  14. Analytic Moment-based Gaussian Process Filtering

    OpenAIRE

    Deisenroth, MP; Huber, MF; Hanebeck, UD

    2009-01-01

    04.07.13 KB. Ok to add accepted version to Spiral, authors retain copyright. We propose an analytic moment-based filter for nonlinear stochastic dynamic systems modeled by Gaussian processes. Exact expressions for the expected value and the covariance matrix are provided for both the prediction step and the filter step, where an additional Gaussian assumption is exploited in the latter case. Our filter does not require further approximations. In particular, it avoids finite-sample approxi...

  15. Exact N{sup 3}LO results for qq'→H+X

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anzai, Chihaya; Hasselhuhn, Alexander; Hoeschele, Maik; Steinhauser, Matthias [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Teilchenphysik; Hoff, Jens [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany); Kilgore, William [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States). Physics Dept.; Ueda, Takahiro [NIKHEF Theory Group, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2015-06-15

    We compute the contribution to the total cross section for the inclusive production of a Standard Model Higgs boson induced by two quarks with different flavour in the initial state. Our calculation is exact in the Higgs boson mass and the partonic center-of-mass energy. We describe the reduction to master integrals, the construction of a canonical basis, and the solution of the corresponding differential equations. Our analytic result contains both Harmonic Polylogarithms and iterated integrals with additional letters in the alphabet.

  16. Exact N{sup 3}LO results for qq{sup ′}→H+X

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anzai, Chihaya; Hasselhuhn, Alexander; Höschele, Maik [Institut für Theoretische Teilchenphysik, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT),Wolfgang-Gaede Straße 1, D-76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Hoff, Jens [Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY,Platanenallee 6, 15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Kilgore, William [Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory,Building 510A, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Steinhauser, Matthias [Institut für Theoretische Teilchenphysik, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT),Wolfgang-Gaede Straße 1, D-76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Ueda, Takahiro [Nikhef Theory Group,Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2015-07-27

    We compute the contribution to the total cross section for the inclusive production of a Standard Model Higgs boson induced by two quarks with different flavour in the initial state. Our calculation is exact in the Higgs boson mass and the partonic center-of-mass energy. We describe the reduction to master integrals, the construction of a canonical basis, and the solution of the corresponding differential equations. Our analytic result contains both Harmonic Polylogarithms and iterated integrals with additional letters in the alphabet.

  17. An Exact Formula to Describe the Amplification Process in a Photomultiplier Tube

    CERN Document Server

    Rademacker, J

    2002-01-01

    An analytical function is derived that exactly describes the amplification process due to a series of discrete, Poisson-like amplifications like those in a photo multiplier tube (PMT). A numerical recipe is provided that implements this function as a computer program. It is shown how the program can be used as the core-element of a faster, simplified routine to fit PMT spectra with high efficiency. The functionality of the method is demonstrated by fitting both, Monte Carlo generated and measured PMT spectra.

  18. An exact solution for ideal dam-break floods on steep slopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ancey, C.; Iverson, R.M.; Rentschler, M.; Denlinger, R.P.

    2008-01-01

    The shallow-water equations are used to model the flow resulting from the sudden release of a finite volume of frictionless, incompressible fluid down a uniform slope of arbitrary inclination. The hodograph transformation and Riemann's method make it possible to transform the governing equations into a linear system and then deduce an exact analytical solution expressed in terms of readily evaluated integrals. Although the solution treats an idealized case never strictly realized in nature, it is uniquely well-suited for testing the robustness and accuracy of numerical models used to model shallow-water flows on steep slopes. Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union.

  19. Exact periodic and solitonic states of the spinor condensates in a uniform external potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Zhi-Hai [School of Physics and Electronics, Yancheng Teachers University, Yancheng 224051 (China); Yang, Shi-Jie, E-mail: yangshijie@tsinghua.org.cn [Department of Physics, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)

    2016-08-15

    We propose a method to analytically solve the one-dimensional coupled nonlinear Gross–Pitaevskii equations which govern the motion of the spinor Bose–Einstein condensates. In a uniform external potential, several classes of exact periodic and solitonic solutions, either in real or in complex forms, are obtained for both the F=1 and F=2 condensates for the Hamiltonian comprising the kinetic energy, the linear and the quadratic Zeeman energies. Real solutions take the form of composite soliton trains. Complex solutions correspond to the mass counter-flows as well as spin currents. These solutions are general that contains neither approximations nor constraints on the system parameters.

  20. Exact solution of unsteady flow generated by sinusoidal pressure gradient in a capillary tube

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Abdulhameed

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the mathematical modeling of unsteady second grade fluid in a capillary tube with sinusoidal pressure gradient is developed with non-homogenous boundary conditions. Exact analytical solutions for the velocity profiles have been obtained in explicit forms. These solutions are written as the sum of the steady and transient solutions for small and large times. For growing times, the starting solution reduces to the well-known periodic solution that coincides with the corresponding solution of a Newtonian fluid. Graphs representing the solutions are discussed.

  1. An exact factorization perspective on quantum interferences in nonadiabatic dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curchod, Basile F E; Agostini, Federica; Gross, E K U

    2016-07-21

    Nonadiabatic quantum interferences emerge whenever nuclear wavefunctions in different electronic states meet and interact in a nonadiabatic region. In this work, we analyze how nonadiabatic quantum interferences translate in the context of the exact factorization of the molecular wavefunction. In particular, we focus our attention on the shape of the time-dependent potential energy surface-the exact surface on which the nuclear dynamics takes place. We use a one-dimensional exactly solvable model to reproduce different conditions for quantum interferences, whose characteristic features already appear in one-dimension. The time-dependent potential energy surface develops complex features when strong interferences are present, in clear contrast to the observed behavior in simple nonadiabatic crossing cases. Nevertheless, independent classical trajectories propagated on the exact time-dependent potential energy surface reasonably conserve a distribution in configuration space that mimics one of the exact nuclear probability densities.

  2. Exact Green's function of the reversible diffusion-influenced reaction for an isolated pair in two dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prüstel, Thorsten; Meier-Schellersheim, Martin

    2012-01-01

    We derive an exact Green's function of the diffusion equation for a pair of disk-shaped interacting particles in two dimensions subject to a backreaction boundary condition. Furthermore, we use the obtained function to calculate exact expressions for the survival probability and the time-dependent rate coefficient for the initially unbound pair and the survival probability of the bound state. The derived expressions will be of particular utility for the description of reversible membrane-bound reactions in cell biology. PMID:22894329

  3. Discrete dynamics versus analytic dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toxværd, Søren

    2014-01-01

    For discrete classical Molecular dynamics obtained by the “Verlet” algorithm (VA) with the time increment h there exists a shadow Hamiltonian H˜ with energy E˜(h) , for which the discrete particle positions lie on the analytic trajectories for H˜ . Here, we proof that there, independent of such a......For discrete classical Molecular dynamics obtained by the “Verlet” algorithm (VA) with the time increment h there exists a shadow Hamiltonian H˜ with energy E˜(h) , for which the discrete particle positions lie on the analytic trajectories for H˜ . Here, we proof that there, independent...... of such an analytic analogy, exists an exact hidden energy invariance E * for VA dynamics. The fact that the discrete VA dynamics has the same invariances as Newtonian dynamics raises the question, which of the formulations that are correct, or alternatively, the most appropriate formulation of classical dynamics....... In this context the relation between the discrete VA dynamics and the (general) discrete dynamics investigated by Lee [Phys. Lett. B122, 217 (1983)] is presented and discussed....

  4. Dissociation between exact and approximate addition in developmental dyslexia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiujie; Meng, Xiangzhi

    2016-09-01

    Previous research has suggested that number sense and language are involved in number representation and calculation, in which number sense supports approximate arithmetic, and language permits exact enumeration and calculation. Meanwhile, individuals with dyslexia have a core deficit in phonological processing. Based on these findings, we thus hypothesized that children with dyslexia may exhibit exact calculation impairment while doing mental arithmetic. The reaction time and accuracy while doing exact and approximate addition with symbolic Arabic digits and non-symbolic visual arrays of dots were compared between typically developing children and children with dyslexia. Reaction time analyses did not reveal any differences across two groups of children, the accuracies, interestingly, revealed a distinction of approximation and exact addition across two groups of children. Specifically, two groups of children had no differences in approximation. Children with dyslexia, however, had significantly lower accuracy in exact addition in both symbolic and non-symbolic tasks than that of typically developing children. Moreover, linguistic performances were selectively associated with exact calculation across individuals. These results suggested that children with dyslexia have a mental arithmetic deficit specifically in the realm of exact calculation, while their approximation ability is relatively intact. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Exact Cover Problem in Milton Babbitt's All-partition Array

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bemman, Brian; Meredith, David

    2015-01-01

    One aspect of analyzing Milton Babbitt’s (1916–2011) all- partition arrays requires finding a sequence of distinct, non-overlapping aggregate regions that completely and exactly covers an irregular matrix of pitch class integers. This is an example of the so-called exact cover problem. Given a set......, A, and a collection of distinct subsets of this set, S, then a subset of S is an exact cover of A if it exhaustively and exclu- sively partitions A. We provide a backtracking algorithm for solving this problem in an all-partition array and compare the output of this algorithm with an analysis...

  6. Exact and approximate computations of watersheds on triangulated terrains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tsirogiannis, Konstantinos; de Berg, Mark

    2011-01-01

    The natural way of modeling water flow on a triangulated terrain is to make the fundamental assumption that water follows the direction of steepest descent (dsd). However, computing watersheds and other flow-related structures according to the dsd model in an exact manner is difficult: the dsd...... implementation that computes watersheds on triangulated terrains following strictly the dsd model and using exact arithmetic, and we experimentally investigate its computational cost. Our experiments show that the algorithm cannot handle large data sets effectively, due to the bit-sizes needed in the exact...

  7. How hairpin vortices emerge from exact invariant solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Tobias M.; Farano, Mirko; de Palma, Pietro; Robinet, Jean-Christoph; Cherubini, Stefania

    2017-11-01

    Hairpin vortices are among the most commonly observed flow structures in wall-bounded shear flows. However, within the dynamical system approach to turbulence, those structures have not yet been described. They are not captured by known exact invariant solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations nor have other state-space structures supporting hairpins been identified. We show that hairpin structures are observed along an optimally growing trajectory leaving a well known exact traveling wave solution of plane Poiseuille flow. The perturbation triggering hairpins does not correspond to an unstable mode of the exact traveling wave but lies in the stable manifold where non-normality causes strong transient amplification.

  8. Macroscopic Description for Networks of Spiking Neurons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montbrió, Ernest; Pazó, Diego; Roxin, Alex

    2015-04-01

    A major goal of neuroscience, statistical physics, and nonlinear dynamics is to understand how brain function arises from the collective dynamics of networks of spiking neurons. This challenge has been chiefly addressed through large-scale numerical simulations. Alternatively, researchers have formulated mean-field theories to gain insight into macroscopic states of large neuronal networks in terms of the collective firing activity of the neurons, or the firing rate. However, these theories have not succeeded in establishing an exact correspondence between the firing rate of the network and the underlying microscopic state of the spiking neurons. This has largely constrained the range of applicability of such macroscopic descriptions, particularly when trying to describe neuronal synchronization. Here, we provide the derivation of a set of exact macroscopic equations for a network of spiking neurons. Our results reveal that the spike generation mechanism of individual neurons introduces an effective coupling between two biophysically relevant macroscopic quantities, the firing rate and the mean membrane potential, which together govern the evolution of the neuronal network. The resulting equations exactly describe all possible macroscopic dynamical states of the network, including states of synchronous spiking activity. Finally, we show that the firing-rate description is related, via a conformal map, to a low-dimensional description in terms of the Kuramoto order parameter, called Ott-Antonsen theory. We anticipate that our results will be an important tool in investigating how large networks of spiking neurons self-organize in time to process and encode information in the brain.

  9. Exact Outage Probability of Dual-Hop CSI-Assisted AF Relaying Over Nakagami-m Fading Channels

    KAUST Repository

    Xia, Minghua

    2012-10-01

    In this correspondence, considering dual-hop channel state information (CSI)-assisted amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying over Nakagami- m fading channels, the cumulative distribution function (CDF) of the end-to-end signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is derived. In particular, when the fading shape factors m1 and m2 at consecutive hops take non-integer values, the bivariate H-function and G -function are exploited to obtain an exact analytical expression for the CDF. The obtained CDF is then applied to evaluate the outage performance of the system under study. The analytical results of outage probability coincide exactly with Monte-Carlo simulation results and outperform the previously reported upper bounds in the low and medium SNR regions.

  10. An exact solution to the relativistic equation of motion of a charged particle driven by a linearly polarized electromagnetic wave

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shebalin, John V.

    1988-01-01

    An exact analytic solution is found for a basic electromagnetic wave-charged particle interaction by solving the nonlinear equations of motion. The particle position, velocity, and corresponding time are found to be explicit functions of the total phase of the wave. Particle position and velocity are thus implicit functions of time. Applications include describing the motion of a free electron driven by an intense laser beam..

  11. Exact asymptotic expansion for the resistance between the center node and a node on the cobweb network boundary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Kenna

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available We analyze the resistance between two nodes in a cobweb network of resistors. Based on an exact expression, we derive the asymptotic expansions for the resistance between the center node and a node on the boundary of the M x N cobweb network with resistors r and s in the two spatial directions. All coefficients in this expansion are expressed through analytical functions.

  12. Massive Axial Gauge in the Exact Renormalization Group Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panza, P.; Soldati, R.

    The Exact Renormalization Group (ERG) approach to massive gauge theories in the axial gauge is studied and the smoothness of the massless limit is analysed for a formally gauge invariant quantity such as the Euclidean Wilson loop.

  13. Exactly solvable models for multiatomic molecular Bose-Einstein condensates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, G, E-mail: gfilho@if.ufrgs.br, E-mail: gfilho@cbpf.br [Instituto de Fisica da UFRGS, Av. Bento Goncalves, 9500, Agronomia, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)

    2011-08-26

    I introduce two families of exactly solvable models for multiatomic hetero-nuclear and homo-nuclear molecular Bose-Einstein condensates through the algebraic Bethe ansatz method. The conserved quantities of the respective models are also shown. (paper)

  14. An exact test of the Hardy-Weinberg law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapco, W

    1976-03-01

    An exact distribution of a finite sample drawn from an infinite population in Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium is described for k-alleles. Accordingly, an exact test of the law is presented and compared with two x2-tests for two and three alleles. For two alleles, it is shown that the "classical" c2-test is very adequate for sample sizes as small as ten. For three alleles, it is shown that a simpler formulation based on Leven's distribution approximates the exact test of this paper rather closely. However, it is recommended that researchers continue to employ the standard x2-test for all sample sizes and abide by it if the corresponding probability value is not "too close" to the critical level; otherwise, an exact test should be used.

  15. Exact complex integrals in two dimensions for shifted harmonic ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    symmetric. Hamiltonians appear to be special cases of such transformations. In the present work we carry out the ECPS approach to obtain exact complex integrals of a two-dimensional classical dynamical system [14,15]. Rationalization method ...

  16. Exact solutions for the differential equations in fractal heat transfer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Chun-Yu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article we consider the boundary value problems for differential equations in fractal heat transfer. The exact solutions of non-differentiable type are obtained by using the local fractional differential transform method.

  17. Exact and approximate expressions for the period of anharmonic oscillators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amore, Paolo [Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Colima, Bernal DIaz del Castillo 340, Colima (Mexico); Fernandez, Francisco M [INIFTA (Conicet, UNLP), Blvd. 113 y 64 S/N, Sucursal 4, Casilla de Correo 16, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)

    2005-07-01

    In this paper, we present a straightforward systematic method for the exact and approximate calculation of integrals that appear in formulae for the period of anharmonic oscillators and other problems of interest in classical mechanics.

  18. Exact solutions and spacetime singularities in nonlocal gravity

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Li, Yao-Dong; Modesto, Leonardo; Rachwał, Lesław

    2015-01-01

    .... We prove that maximally symmetric spacetimes are exact solutions in both classes, while in dimension higher than four we can also have Anti-de Sitter solutions in the presence of positive cosmological constant...

  19. General classical and quantum-mechanical description of magnetic resonance: an application to electric-dipole-moment experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silenko, Alexander J.

    2017-05-01

    A general theoretical description of a magnetic resonance is presented. This description is necessary for a detailed analysis of spin dynamics in electric-dipole-moment experiments in storage rings. General formulas describing a behavior of all components of the polarization vector at the magnetic resonance are obtained for an arbitrary initial polarization. These formulas are exact on condition that the nonresonance rotating field is neglected. The spin dynamics is also calculated at frequencies far from resonance with allowance for both rotating fields. A general quantum-mechanical analysis of the spin evolution at the magnetic resonance is fulfilled and the full agreement between the classical and quantum-mechanical approaches is shown. Quasimagnetic resonances for particles and nuclei moving in noncontinuous perturbing fields of accelerators and storage rings are considered. Distinguishing features of quasimagnetic resonances in storage ring electric-dipole-moment experiments are investigated in detail. The exact formulas for the effect caused by the electric dipole moment are derived. The difference between the resonance effects conditioned by the rf electric-field flipper and the rf Wien filter is found and is calculated for the first time. The existence of this difference is crucial for the establishment of a consent between analytical derivations and computer simulations and for checking spin tracking programs. The main systematical errors are considered.

  20. General classical and quantum-mechanical description of magnetic resonance: an application to electric-dipole-moment experiments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silenko, Alexander J. [Belarusian State University, Research Institute for Nuclear Problems, Minsk (Belarus); Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Dubna (Russian Federation)

    2017-05-15

    A general theoretical description of a magnetic resonance is presented. This description is necessary for a detailed analysis of spin dynamics in electric-dipole-moment experiments in storage rings. General formulas describing a behavior of all components of the polarization vector at the magnetic resonance are obtained for an arbitrary initial polarization. These formulas are exact on condition that the nonresonance rotating field is neglected. The spin dynamics is also calculated at frequencies far from resonance with allowance for both rotating fields. A general quantum-mechanical analysis of the spin evolution at the magnetic resonance is fulfilled and the full agreement between the classical and quantum-mechanical approaches is shown. Quasimagnetic resonances for particles and nuclei moving in noncontinuous perturbing fields of accelerators and storage rings are considered. Distinguishing features of quasimagnetic resonances in storage ring electric-dipole-moment experiments are investigated in detail. The exact formulas for the effect caused by the electric dipole moment are derived. The difference between the resonance effects conditioned by the rf electric-field flipper and the rf Wien filter is found and is calculated for the first time. The existence of this difference is crucial for the establishment of a consent between analytical derivations and computer simulations and for checking spin tracking programs. The main systematical errors are considered. (orig.)

  1. Corollary from the Exact Expression for Enthalpy of Vaporization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Sobko

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A problem on determining effective volumes for atoms and molecules becomes actual due to rapidly developing nanotechnologies. In the present study an exact expression for enthalpy of vaporization is obtained, from which an exact expression is derived for effective volumes of atoms and molecules, and under certain assumptions on the form of an atom (molecule it is possible to find their linear dimensions. The accuracy is only determined by the accuracy of measurements of thermodynamic parameters at the critical point.

  2. Exact Mean Computation in Dynamic Time Warping Spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Brill, Markus; Fluschnik, Till; Froese, Vincent; Jain, Brijnesh; Niedermeier, Rolf; Schultz, David

    2017-01-01

    Dynamic time warping constitutes a major tool for analyzing time series. In particular, computing a mean series of a given sample of series in dynamic time warping spaces (by minimizing the Fr\\'echet function) is a challenging computational problem, so far solved by several heuristic, inexact strategies. We spot several inaccuracies in the literature on exact mean computation in dynamic time warping spaces. Our contributions comprise an exact dynamic program computing a mean (useful for bench...

  3. The Analytical Description of Regular LDPC Codes Correcting Ability

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Leonid Uryvsky; Serhii Osypchuk

    2014-01-01

    .... The statistical dependencies for the maximum number of corrected bits per the code word as a function of LDPC code word length and code rate are given based on multiple experimental analyses of LDPC check matrices...

  4. Library improvement through data analytics

    CERN Document Server

    Farmer, Lesley S J

    2017-01-01

    This book shows how to act on and make sense of data in libraries. Using a range of techniques, tools and methodologies it explains how data can be used to help inform decision making at every level. Sound data analytics is the foundation for making an evidence-based case for libraries, in addition to guiding myriad organizational decisions, from optimizing operations for efficiency to responding to community needs. Designed to be useful for beginners as well as those with a background in data, this book introduces the basics of a six point framework that can be applied to a variety of library settings for effective system based, data-driven management. Library Improvement Through Data Analytics includes: - the basics of statistical concepts - recommended data sources for various library functions and processes, and guidance for using census, university, or - - government data in analysis - techniques for cleaning data - matching data to appropriate data analysis methods - how to make descriptive statistics m...

  5. Analytical Chemistry: A Literary Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucy, Charles A.

    2000-04-01

    The benefits of incorporating real-world examples of chemistry into lectures and lessons is reflected by the recent inclusion of the Teaching with Problems and Case Studies column in this Journal. However, these examples lie outside the experience of many students, and so much of the impact of "real-world" examples is lost. This paper provides an anthology of references to analytical chemistry techniques from history, popular fiction, and film. Such references are amusing to both instructor and student. Further, the fictional descriptions can serve as a focal point for discussions of a technique's true capabilities and limitations.

  6. Analytical solution for the convectively-mixed atmospheric boundary layer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ouwersloot, H.G.; Vilà-Guerau de Arellano, J.

    2013-01-01

    Based on the prognostic equations of mixed-layer theory assuming a zeroth order jump at the entrainment zone, analytical solutions for the boundary-layer height evolution are derived with different degrees of accuracy. First, an exact implicit expression for the boundary-layer height for a situation

  7. Exact multilocal renormalization group and applications to disordered problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauve, Pascal; Le Doussal, Pierre

    2001-11-01

    We develop a method, the exact multilocal renormalization group (EMRG) which applies to a broad set of theories. It is based on the systematic multilocal expansion of the Polchinski-Wilson exact renormalization group (ERG) equation together with a scheme to compute correlation functions. Integrating out explicitly the nonlocal interactions, we reduce the ERG equation obeyed by the full interaction functional to a flow equation for a function, its local part. This is done perturbatively around fixed points, but exactly to any given order in the local part. It is thus controlled, at variance with projection methods, e.g., derivative expansions or local potential approximations. Our EMRG method is well-suited to problems such as the pinning of disordered elastic systems, previously described via functional renormalization group (FRG) approach based on a hard cutoff scheme. Since it involves arbitrary cutoff functions, we explicitly verify universality to O(ɛ=4-D), both of the T=0 FRG equation and of correlations. Extension to finite temperature T yields the finite size (L) susceptibility fluctuations characterizing mesoscopic behavior (Δχ)2¯~Lθ/T, where θ is the energy exponent. Finally, we obtain the universal scaling function to O(ɛ1/3) which describes the ground state of a domain wall in a random field confined by a field gradient, compare with exact results and variational method. Explicit two loop exact RG equations are derived and the application to the FRG problem is sketched.

  8. Some Exact Solutions of Boundary Layer Flows along a Vertical Plate with Buoyancy Forces Combined with Lorentz Forces under Uniform Suction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asterios Pantokratoras

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Exact analytical solutions of boundary layer flows along a vertical porous plate with uniform suction are derived and presented in this paper. The solutions concern the Blasius, Sakiadis, and Blasius-Sakiadis flows with buoyancy forces combined with either MHD Lorentz or EMHD Lorentz forces. In addition, some exact solutions are presented specifically for water in the temperature range of 0∘C≤≤8∘C, where water density is nearly parabolic. Except for their use as benchmarking means for testing the numerical solution of the Navier-Stokes equations, the presented exact solutions with EMHD forces have use in flow separation control in aeronautics and hydronautics, whereas the MHD results have applications in process metallurgy and fusion technology. These analytical solutions are valid for flows with strong suction.

  9. Modern analytical chemistry in the contemporary world

    Science.gov (United States)

    Šíma, Jan

    2016-12-01

    Students not familiar with chemistry tend to misinterpret analytical chemistry as some kind of the sorcery where analytical chemists working as modern wizards handle magical black boxes able to provide fascinating results. However, this approach is evidently improper and misleading. Therefore, the position of modern analytical chemistry among sciences and in the contemporary world is discussed. Its interdisciplinary character and the necessity of the collaboration between analytical chemists and other experts in order to effectively solve the actual problems of the human society and the environment are emphasized. The importance of the analytical method validation in order to obtain the accurate and precise results is highlighted. The invalid results are not only useless; they can often be even fatal (e.g., in clinical laboratories). The curriculum of analytical chemistry at schools and universities is discussed. It is referred to be much broader than traditional equilibrium chemistry coupled with a simple description of individual analytical methods. Actually, the schooling of analytical chemistry should closely connect theory and practice.

  10. On field redefinitions and exact solutions in string theory

    CERN Document Server

    Tseytlin, Arkady A

    1993-01-01

    String backgrounds associated with gauged $G/H$ WZNW models in general depend non-trivially on $\\alpha'$. We note, however, that there exists a local covariant $\\a'$-dependent field redefinition that relates the exact metric-dilaton background corresponding to the $SL(2,R)/U(1)$ model to its leading-order form ($D=2$ black hole). As a consequence, there exists a `scheme' in which the string effective equations have the latter as an exact solution. However, the corresponding equation for the tachyon (which, like other Weyl anomaly coefficients, has scheme-dependent form) still contains corrections of all orders in $\\alpha'$. As a result, the `probes' (the tachyons) still feel the $\\alpha'$-corrected background. The field redefinitions we discuss contain the dilaton terms in the metric transformation law. We comment on exact forms of the duality transformation in different `schemes'.

  11. Fuzziness and Foundations of Exact and Inexact Sciences

    CERN Document Server

    Dompere, Kofi Kissi

    2013-01-01

    The monograph is an examination of the fuzzy rational foundations of the structure of exact and inexact sciences over the epistemological space which is distinguished from the ontological space. It is thus concerned with the demarcation problem. It examines exact science and its critique of inexact science. The role of fuzzy rationality in these examinations is presented. The driving force of the discussions is the nature of the information that connects the cognitive relational structure of the epistemological space to the ontological space for knowing. The knowing action is undertaken by decision-choice agents who must process information to derive exact-inexact or true-false conclusions. The information processing is done with a paradigm and laws of thought that constitute the input-output machine. The nature of the paradigm selected depends on the nature of the information structure that is taken as input of the thought processing. Generally, the information structure received from the ontological space i...

  12. Exact solution of the two-axis countertwisting Hamiltonian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Feng; Zhang, Yao-Zhong; Draayer, Jerry P.

    2017-01-01

    It is shown that the two-axis countertwisting Hamiltonian is exactly solvable when the quantum number of the total angular momentum of the system is an integer after the Jordan-Schwinger (differential) boson realization of the SU(2) algebra. Algebraic Bethe ansatz is used to get the exact solution with the help of the SU(1,1) algebraic structure, from which a set of Bethe ansatz equations of the problem is derived. It is shown that solutions of the Bethe ansatz equations can be obtained as zeros of the Heine-Stieltjes polynomials. The total number of the four sets of the zeros equals exactly 2 J + 1 for a given integer angular momentum quantum number J, which proves the completeness of the solutions. It is also shown that double degeneracy in level energies may also occur in the J → ∞ limit for integer J case except a unique non-degenerate level with zero excitation energy.

  13. Exact deconstruction of the 6D (2,0) theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayling, J.; Papageorgakis, C.; Pomoni, E.; Rodríguez-Gómez, D.

    2017-06-01

    The dimensional-deconstruction prescription of Arkani-Hamed, Cohen, Kaplan, Karch and Motl provides a mechanism for recovering the A-type (2,0) theories on T 2, starting from a four-dimensional N=2 circular-quiver theory. We put this conjecture to the test using two exact-counting arguments: in the decompactification limit, we compare the Higgs-branch Hilbert series of the 4D N=2 quiver to the "half-BPS" limit of the (2,0) superconformal index. We also compare the full partition function for the 4D quiver on S 4 to the (2,0) partition function on S 4 × T 2. In both cases we find exact agreement. The partition function calculation sets up a dictionary between exact results in 4D and 6D.

  14. Implementing a Description Grammar Interpreter : A Notation for Descriptions and Description Rules

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stouffs, R.M.F.

    2015-01-01

    Description grammars represent a formalism for generating verbal descriptions of designs, used in conjunction with shape grammars. A description grammar constitutes a set of description rules that define a language of descriptions. A description grammar interpreter implements the mechanisms to

  15. Croatian Analytical Terminology

    OpenAIRE

    Kastelan-Macan; M.

    2008-01-01

    Results of analytical research are necessary in all human activities. They are inevitable in making decisions in the environmental chemistry, agriculture, forestry, veterinary medicine, pharmaceutical industry, and biochemistry. Without analytical measurements the quality of materials and products cannot be assessed, so that analytical chemistry is an essential part of technical sciences and disciplines.The language of Croatian science, and analytical chemistry within it, was one of the goals...

  16. Clustering in analytical chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drab, Klaudia; Daszykowski, Michal

    2014-01-01

    Data clustering plays an important role in the exploratory analysis of analytical data, and the use of clustering methods has been acknowledged in different fields of science. In this paper, principles of data clustering are presented with a direct focus on clustering of analytical data. The role of the clustering process in the analytical workflow is underlined, and its potential impact on the analytical workflow is emphasized.

  17. The Problem of Understanding of Nature in Exact Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leo Näpinen

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In this short inquiry I would like to defend the statement that exact science deals with the explanation of models, but not with the understanding (comprehending of nature. By the word ‘nature’ I mean nature as physis (as a self-moving and self-developing living organism to which humans also belong, not nature as natura naturata (as a nonevolving creature created by someone or something. The Estonian philosopher of science Rein Vihalemm (2008 has shown with his conception of phi-science (φ-science that exact science is itself an idealized model or theoretical object derived from Galilean mathematical physics.

  18. Exact Solutions for Nonlinear Differential Difference Equations in Mathematical Physics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaled A. Gepreel

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We modified the truncated expansion method to construct the exact solutions for some nonlinear differential difference equations in mathematical physics via the general lattice equation, the discrete nonlinear Schrodinger with a saturable nonlinearity, the quintic discrete nonlinear Schrodinger equation, and the relativistic Toda lattice system. Also, we put a rational solitary wave function method to find the rational solitary wave solutions for some nonlinear differential difference equations. The proposed methods are more effective and powerful to obtain the exact solutions for nonlinear difference differential equations.

  19. Clock Math — a System for Solving SLEs Exactly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Hladík

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a GPU-accelerated hybrid system that solves ill-conditioned systems of linear equations exactly. Exactly means without rounding errors due to using integer arithmetics. First, we scale floating-point numbers up to integers, then we solve dozens of SLEs within different modular arithmetics and then we assemble sub-solutions back using the Chinese remainder theorem. This approach effectively bypasses current CPU floating-point limitations. The system is capable of solving Hilbert’s matrix without losing a single bit of precision, and with a significant speedup compared to existing CPU solvers.

  20. Comparing numerical and analytical approaches to strongly interacting two-component mixtures in one dimensional traps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bellotti, Filipe Furlan; Salami Dehkharghani, Amin; Zinner, Nikolaj Thomas

    2017-01-01

    ) and exact diagonalization) and analytically. Since DMRG results do not converge as the interaction strength is increased, analytical solutions are used as a benchmark to identify the point where these calculations become unstable. We use the proposed mapping to set a quantitative limit on the interaction...

  1. A Semi-Analytical Approach for the Response of Nonlinear Conservative Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kimiaeifar, Amin; Barari, Amin; Fooladi, M

    2011-01-01

    This work applies Parameter expanding method (PEM) as a powerful analytical technique in order to obtain the exact solution of nonlinear problems in the classical dynamics. Lagrange method is employed to derive the governing equations. The nonlinear governing equations are solved analytically...

  2. Exact equivalent straight waveguide model for bent and twisted waveguides

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shyroki, Dzmitry

    2008-01-01

    Exact equivalent straight waveguide representation is given for a waveguide of arbitrary curvature and torsion. No assumptions regarding refractive index contrast, isotropy of materials, or particular morphology in the waveguide cross section are made. This enables rigorous full-vector modeling o...

  3. Thermodynamics of Rh nuclear spins calculated by exact diagonalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lefmann, K.; Ipsen, J.; Rasmussen, F.B.

    2000-01-01

    We have employed the method of exact diagonalization to obtain the full-energy spectrum of a cluster of 16 Rh nuclear spins, having dipolar and RK interactions between first and second nearest neighbours only. We have used this to calculate the nuclear spin entropy, and our results at both positi...

  4. Exact solution for a one-dimensional model for reptation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drzewiński, Andrzej; van Leeuwen, J M J

    2006-05-01

    We discuss the exact solution for the properties of the recently introduced "necklace" model for reptation. The solution gives the drift velocity, diffusion constant, and renewal time for asymptotically long chains. Its properties are also related to a special case of the Rubinstein-Duke model in one dimension.

  5. The functional variable method for finding exact solutions of some ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    and KEWANG CHEN. College of Mathematics and Statistics, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, ... Introduction. The effort in finding exact solutions of nonlinear equations is very important for understanding most nonlinear physical phenomena. For instance, the nonlinear wave phenomena observed ...

  6. Exact overflow asymptotics for queues with many Gaussian inputs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Debicki, Krzysztof; Mandjes, M.R.H.

    2003-01-01

    In this paper we consider a queue fed by a large number of independent continuous-time Gaussian processes with stationary increments. After scaling the buffer exceedance threshold and the (constant) service capacity by the number of sources, we present asymptotically exact results for the

  7. Dynamic Programming Approach for Exact Decision Rule Optimization

    KAUST Repository

    Amin, Talha

    2013-01-01

    This chapter is devoted to the study of an extension of dynamic programming approach that allows sequential optimization of exact decision rules relative to the length and coverage. It contains also results of experiments with decision tables from UCI Machine Learning Repository. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013.

  8. More exact tunneling solutions in scalar field theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dutta, Koushik; Hector, Cecelie; Vaudrevange, Pascal M.; Westphal, Alexander

    2011-11-15

    We present exact bounce solutions and amplitudes for tunneling in (i) a piecewise linear-quartic potential and (ii) a piecewise quartic-quartic potential. We cross check their correctness by comparing with results obtained through the thin-wall approximation and with a piecewise linear-linear potential. We briefly comment on applications in cosmology. (orig.)

  9. Exact solutions for nonlinear variants of Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (n ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Exact solutions for nonlinear variants of Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (, ) equation using functional variable method. M Mirzazadeh M Eslami. Volume 81 Issue ... The functional variable method is used to establish compactons, solitons, solitary patterns and periodic solutions for these variants. This method is a powerful tool for ...

  10. Timed Fast Exact Euclidean Distance (tFEED) maps

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kehtarnavaz, Nasser; Schouten, Theo E.; Laplante, Philip A.; Kuppens, Harco; van den Broek, Egon

    2005-01-01

    In image and video analysis, distance maps are frequently used. They provide the (Euclidean) distance (ED) of background pixels to the nearest object pixel. In a naive implementation, each object pixel feeds its (exact) ED to each background pixel; then the minimum of these values denotes the ED to

  11. Exact travelling wave solutions for some important nonlinear ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    problems. More precisely, there is no unified method that can be used to handle all types of nonlinear problems. A powerful and effective method for finding exact ... Explicit solutions to nonlinear problems are of fundamental importance. ... fluid dynamics, fluid flow, quantum field theory, electromagnetic waves and so on [7].

  12. Exact rational expectations, cointegration, and reduced rank regression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Søren; Swensen, Anders Rygh

    We interpret the linear relations from exact rational expectations models as restrictions on the parameters of the statistical model called the cointegrated vector autoregressive model for non-stationary variables. We then show how reduced rank regression, Anderson (1951), plays an important role...

  13. Exact rational expectations, cointegration, and reduced rank regression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Søren; Swensen, Anders Rygh

    2008-01-01

    We interpret the linear relations from exact rational expectations models as restrictions on the parameters of the statistical model called the cointegrated vector autoregressive model for non-stationary variables. We then show how reduced rank regression, Anderson (1951), plays an important role...

  14. Exact Rational Expectations, Cointegration, and Reduced Rank Regression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Søren; Swensen, Anders Rygh

    We interpret the linear relations from exact rational expectations models as restrictions on the parameters of the statistical model called the cointegrated vector autoregressive model for non-stationary variables. We then show how reduced rank regression, Anderson (1951), plays an important role...

  15. The Alleged Crisis and the Illusion of Exact Replication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stroebe, Wolfgang; Strack, Fritz

    There has been increasing criticism of the way psychologists conduct and analyze studies. These critiques as well as failures to replicate several high-profile studies have been used as justification to proclaim a replication crisis in psychology. Psychologists are encouraged to conduct more exact

  16. A SAS/IML algorithm for an exact permutation test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neuhäuser, Markus

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available An algorithm written in SAS/IML is presented that can perform an exact permutation test for a two-sample comparison. All possible permutations are considered. The Baumgartner-Weiß-Schindler statistic is exemplarily used as the test statistic for the permutation test.

  17. Exact angular momentum projection based on cranked HFB solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Enami, Kenichi; Tanabe, Kosai; Yosinaga, Naotaka [Saitama Univ., Urawa (Japan). Dept. of Physics

    1998-03-01

    Exact angular momentum projection of cranked HFB solutions is carried out. It is reconfirmed from this calculation that cranked HFB solutions reproduce the intrinsic structure of deformed nucleus. The result also indicates that the energy correction from projection is important for further investigation of nuclear structure. (author)

  18. Exact Solution of a Generalized Nonlinear Schrodinger Equation Dimer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Peter Leth; Maniadis, P.; Tsironis, G.P.

    1998-01-01

    We present exact solutions for a nonlinear dimer system defined throught a discrete nonlinear Schrodinger equation that contains also an integrable Ablowitz-Ladik term. The solutions are obtained throught a transformation that maps the dimer into a double Sine-Gordon like ordinary nonlinear...

  19. Exact solution for the interior of a black hole

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieuwenhuizen, T.M.

    2008-01-01

    Within the Relativistic Theory of Gravitation it is shown that the equation of state p = rho holds near the center of a black hole. For the stiff equation of state p = rho - rho(c) the interior metric is solved exactly. It is matched with the Schwarzschild metric, which is deformed in a narrow range

  20. Exact travelling wave solutions for some important nonlinear ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The two-dimensional nonlinear physical models and coupled nonlinear systems such as Maccari equations, Higgs equations and Schrödinger–KdV equations have been widely applied in many branches of physics. So, finding exact travelling wave solutions of such equations are very helpful in the theories and numerical ...

  1. Construction of an exact solution of time-dependent Ginzburg ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A new approach is taken to calculate the speed of front propagation at which the interface moves from a superconducting to a normal region in a superconducting sample. Using time-dependent Ginzburg–Landau (TDGL) equations we have calculated the speed by constructing a new exact solution. This approach is based ...

  2. Adaptive filtering for stochastic volatility by using exact sampling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aihara, ShinIchi; Bagchi, Arunabha; Saha, S.

    2013-01-01

    We study the sequential identification problem for Bates stochastic volatility model, which is widely used as the model of a stock in finance. By using the exact simulation method, a particle filter for estimating stochastic volatility is constructed. The systems parameters are sequentially

  3. Exact boundary controllability of nodal profile for quasilinear hyperbolic systems

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Tatsien; Gu, Qilong

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive overview of the exact boundary controllability of nodal profile, a new kind of exact boundary controllability stimulated by some practical applications. This kind of controllability is useful in practice as it does not require any precisely given final state to be attained at a suitable time t=T by means of boundary controls, instead it requires the state to exactly fit any given demand (profile) on one or more nodes after a suitable time t=T by means of boundary controls. In this book we present a general discussion of this kind of controllability for general 1-D first order quasilinear hyperbolic systems and for general 1-D quasilinear wave equations on an interval as well as on a tree-like network using a modular-structure construtive method, suggested in LI Tatsien's monograph "Controllability and Observability for Quasilinear Hyperbolic Systems"(2010), and we establish a complete theory on the local exact boundary controllability of nodal profile for 1-D quasilinear hyp...

  4. Construction of an exact solution of time-dependent Ginzburg ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. A new approach is taken to calculate the speed of front propagation at which the interface moves from a superconducting to a normal region in a superconducting sample. Using time-dependent Ginzburg–Landau (TDGL) equations we have calculated the speed by constructing a new exact solution. This approach ...

  5. New exact solutions of the generalized Zakharov–Kuznetsov ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In this paper, new exact solutions, including soliton, rational and elliptic integral function solutions, for the generalized Zakharov–Kuznetsov modified equal-width equation are obtained using a new approach called the extended trial equation method. In this discussion, a new version of the trial equation method for the ...

  6. The exact solutions of differential equation with delay

    CERN Document Server

    Hasebe, K; Sugiyama, Y

    1998-01-01

    The exact solutions of the first order differential equation with delay are derived. The equation has been introduced as a model of traffic flow. The solution describes the traveling cluster of jam, which is characterized by Jacobi's elliptic function. We also obtain the family of solutions of such type of equations.

  7. Exact boundary controllability for a series of membranes elastically connected

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waldemar D. Bastos

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article we study the exact controllability with Neumann boundary controls for a system of linear wave equations coupled in parallel by lower order terms on piecewise smooth domains of the plane. We obtain square integrable controls for initial state with finite energy and time of controllability near the optimal value.

  8. Method for generating exact Bianchi type II cosmological models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hajj-Boutros, J.

    1986-06-01

    A method for generating exact Bianchi type II cosmological models with a perfect fluid distribution of matter is presented. Two new classes of Bianchi type II solutions have been generated from Lorenz's solution (D. Lorenz, Phys. Lett. A 79, 19 (1980)). A detailed study of physical and kinematic properties of one of them has been carried out.

  9. A procedure to construct exact solutions of nonlinear evolution ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    physics pp. 337–344. A procedure to construct exact solutions of nonlinear evolution equations. ADEM CENGIZ ÇEVIKEL1,∗, AHMET BEKIR2, MUTLU AKAR3 and. SAIT SAN2. 1Yildiz Technical University, Faculty of Education, Department of Mathematics Education,. Davutpasa Campus, 34210, Esenler, Istanbul, Turkey.

  10. Thermodynamics of the one-dimensional parallel Kawasaki model: Exact solution and mean-field approximations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pazzona, Federico G.; Demontis, Pierfranco; Suffritti, Giuseppe B.

    2014-08-01

    The adsorption isotherm for the recently proposed parallel Kawasaki (PK) lattice-gas model [Phys. Rev. E 88, 062144 (2013), 10.1103/PhysRevE.88.062144] is calculated exactly in one dimension. To do so, a third-order difference equation for the grand-canonical partition function is derived and solved analytically. In the present version of the PK model, the attraction and repulsion effects between two neighboring particles and between a particle and a neighboring empty site are ruled, respectively, by the dimensionless parameters ϕ and θ. We discuss the inflections induced in the isotherms by situations of high repulsion, the role played by finite lattice sizes in the emergence of substeps, and the adequacy of the two most widely used mean-field approximations in lattice gases, namely, the Bragg-Williams and the Bethe-Peierls approximations.

  11. Exact results for the Kuramoto model with a bimodal frequency distribution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martens, Erik Andreas; Barreto, E.; Strogatz, S. H.

    2009-01-01

    We analyze a large system of globally coupled phase oscillators whose natural frequencies are bimodally distributed. The dynamics of this system has been the subject of long-standing interest. In 1984 Kuramoto proposed several conjectures about its behavior; ten years later, Crawford obtained...... the first analytical results by means of a local center manifold calculation. Nevertheless, many questions have remained open, especially about the possibility of global bifurcations. Here we derive the system’s stability diagram for the special case where the bimodal distribution consists of two equally...... weighted Lorentzians. Using an ansatz recently discov- ered by Ott and Antonsen, we show that in this case the infinite-dimensional problem reduces exactly to a flow in four dimensions. Depending on the parameters and initial conditions, the long-term dynamics evolves to one of three states: incoherence...

  12. Bath dynamics in an exactly solvable qubit model with initial qubit-environment correlations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.V. Ignatyuk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We study the bath dynamics in the dephasing model of a two-state quantum system (qubit coupled to an environment of harmonic oscillators. This model was shown [Morozov et al., Phys. Rev. A, 2012 85, 022101] to admit the analytic solution for the qubit and environment dynamics. Using this solution, we derive the exact expression for the bath reduced density matrix in the presence of initial qubit-environment correlations. We obtain the non-equilibrium phonon distribution function and discuss in detail the time behavior of the bath energy. It is shown that only the inclusion of dynamic correlations between the qubit and the bath ensures the proper time behavior of the quantity which may be interpreted as the "environment energy".

  13. Exact computation of the Maximum Entropy Potential of spiking neural networks models

    CERN Document Server

    Cofre, Rodrigo

    2014-01-01

    Understanding how stimuli and synaptic connectivity in uence the statistics of spike patterns in neural networks is a central question in computational neuroscience. Maximum Entropy approach has been successfully used to characterize the statistical response of simultaneously recorded spiking neurons responding to stimuli. But, in spite of good performance in terms of prediction, the ?tting parameters do not explain the underlying mechanistic causes of the observed correlations. On the other hand, mathematical models of spiking neurons (neuro-mimetic models) provide a probabilistic mapping between stimulus, network architecture and spike patterns in terms of conditional proba- bilities. In this paper we build an exact analytical mapping between neuro-mimetic and Maximum Entropy models.

  14. Statistical Physics Methods Provide the Exact Solution to a Long-Standing Problem of Genetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samal, Areejit; Martin, Olivier C.

    2015-06-01

    Analytic and computational methods developed within statistical physics have found applications in numerous disciplines. In this Letter, we use such methods to solve a long-standing problem in statistical genetics. The problem, posed by Haldane and Waddington [Genetics 16, 357 (1931)], concerns so-called recombinant inbred lines (RILs) produced by repeated inbreeding. Haldane and Waddington derived the probabilities of RILs when considering two and three genes but the case of four or more genes has remained elusive. Our solution uses two probabilistic frameworks relatively unknown outside of physics: Glauber's formula and self-consistent equations of the Schwinger-Dyson type. Surprisingly, this combination of statistical formalisms unveils the exact probabilities of RILs for any number of genes. Extensions of the framework may have applications in population genetics and beyond.

  15. Three-Dimensional Exact Free Vibration Analysis of Spherical, Cylindrical, and Flat One-Layered Panels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore Brischetto

    2014-01-01

    equilibrium written in orthogonal curvilinear coordinates for the free vibrations of simply supported structures. These equations consider an exact geometry for shells without simplifications. The main novelty is the possibility of a general formulation for different geometries. The equations written in general orthogonal curvilinear coordinates allow the analysis of spherical shell panels and they automatically degenerate into cylindrical shell panel, cylindrical closed shell, and plate cases. Results are proposed for isotropic and orthotropic structures. An exhaustive overview is given of the vibration modes for a number of thickness ratios, imposed wave numbers, geometries, embedded materials, and angles of orthotropy. These results can also be used as reference solutions to validate two-dimensional models for plates and shells in both analytical and numerical form (e.g., closed solutions, finite element method, differential quadrature method, and global collocation method.

  16. Exact results for the Casimir force in a model with Neumann-infinity boundary conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djondjorov, P. A.; Dantchev, D. M.; Vassilev, V. M.

    2017-10-01

    The dependence of the critical Casimir force on two parameters (temperature and external ordering field) within the mean-field Ginzburg-Landau Ising type model is studied. Here, the case of a film geometry where one boundary of the film exhibits strong adsorption to one of the phases (components) of the system, whereas the first derivative of the order-parameter profile vanishes on the other one is studied. The results obtained herein are valid for both, simple fluids and binary liquid mixtures. In the present contribution, the order parameter profile and the Casimir force are presented in exact analytic form, expressed through the Weierstrass function. Using these results, the dependence of the critical Casimir force on the temperature and external ordering field are illustrated.

  17. Higher moments of multiplicity fluctuations in a hadron-resonance gas with exact conservation laws

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Jing-Hua

    2017-09-01

    Higher moments of multiplicity fluctuations of hadrons produced in central nucleus-nucleus collisions are studied within the hadron-resonance gas model in the canonical ensemble. Exact conservation of three charges, baryon number, electric charge, and strangeness is enforced in the large volume limit. Moments up to the fourth order of various particles are calculated at CERN Super Proton Synchrotron, BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), and CERN Large Hadron Collider energies. The asymptotic fluctuations within a simplified model with only one conserved charge in the canonical ensemble are discussed where simple analytical expressions for moments of multiplicity distributions can be obtained. Moments products of net-proton, net-kaon, and net-charge distributions in Au + Au collisions at RHIC energies are calculated. The pseudorapidity coverage dependence of net-charge fluctuation is discussed.

  18. The adiabatic strictly-correlated-electrons functional: kernel and exact properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lani, Giovanna; Di Marino, Simone; Gerolin, Augusto; van Leeuwen, Robert; Gori-Giorgi, Paola

    2016-08-03

    We investigate a number of formal properties of the adiabatic strictly-correlated electrons (SCE) functional, relevant for time-dependent potentials and for kernels in linear response time-dependent density functional theory. Among the former, we focus on the compliance to constraints of exact many-body theories, such as the generalised translational invariance and the zero-force theorem. Within the latter, we derive an analytical expression for the adiabatic SCE Hartree exchange-correlation kernel in one dimensional systems, and we compute it numerically for a variety of model densities. We analyse the non-local features of this kernel, particularly the ones that are relevant in tackling problems where kernels derived from local or semi-local functionals are known to fail.

  19. Exact phase boundaries and topological phase transitions of the X Y Z spin chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jafari, S. A.

    2017-07-01

    Within the block spin renormalization group, we give a very simple derivation of the exact phase boundaries of the X Y Z spin chain. First, we identify the Ising order along x ̂ or y ̂ as attractive renormalization group fixed points of the Kitaev chain. Then, in a global phase space composed of the anisotropy λ of the X Y interaction and the coupling Δ of the Δ σzσz interaction, we find that the above fixed points remain attractive in the two-dimesional parameter space. We therefore classify the gapped phases of the X Y Z spin chain as: (1) either attracted to the Ising limit of the Kitaev-chain, which in turn is characterized by winding number ±1 , depending on whether the Ising order parameter is along x ̂ or y ̂ directions; or (2) attracted to the charge density wave (CDW) phases of the underlying Jordan-Wigner fermions, which is characterized by zero winding number. We therefore establish that the exact phase boundaries of the X Y Z model in Baxter's solution indeed correspond to topological phase transitions. The topological nature of the phase transitions of the X Y Z model justifies why our analytical solution of the three-site problem that is at the core of the present renormalization group treatment is able to produce the exact phase boundaries of Baxter's solution. We argue that the distribution of the winding numbers between the three Ising phases is a matter of choice of the coordinate system, and therefore the CDW-Ising phase is entitled to host appropriate form of zero modes. We further observe that in the Kitaev-chain the renormalization group flow can be cast into a geometric progression of a properly identified parameter. We show that this new parameter is actually the size of the (Majorana) zero modes.

  20. Exact two-point resistance, and the simple random walk on the complete graph minus N edges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chair, Noureddine, E-mail: n.chair@ju.edu.jo

    2012-12-15

    An analytical approach is developed to obtain the exact expressions for the two-point resistance and the total effective resistance of the complete graph minus N edges of the opposite vertices. These expressions are written in terms of certain numbers that we introduce, which we call the Bejaia and the Pisa numbers; these numbers are the natural generalizations of the bisected Fibonacci and Lucas numbers. The correspondence between random walks and the resistor networks is then used to obtain the exact expressions for the first passage and mean first passage times on this graph. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We obtain exact formulas for the two-point resistance of the complete graph minus N edges. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We obtain also the total effective resistance of this graph. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We modified Schwatt's formula on trigonometrical power sum to suit our computations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We introduced the generalized bisected Fibonacci and Lucas numbers: the Bejaia and the Pisa numbers. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The first passage and mean first passage times of the random walks have exact expressions.

  1. Exact ensemble density functional theory for excited states in a model system: investigating the weight dependence of the correlation energy

    CERN Document Server

    Deur, Killian; Fromager, Emmanuel

    2016-01-01

    Ensemble density functional theory (eDFT) is an exact time-independent alternative to time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) for the calculation of excitation energies. Despite its formal simplicity and advantages in contrast to TD-DFT (multiple excitations, for example, can be easily taken into account in an ensemble), eDFT is not standard which is essentially due to the lack of reliable approximate exchange-correlation (xc) functionals for ensembles. Following Burke and coworkers [Phys. Rev. B 93, 245131 (2016)], we propose in this work to construct an exact eDFT for the nontrivial asymmetric Hubbard dimer, thus providing more insight into the weight dependence of the ensemble xc energy in various correlation regimes. For that purpose, an exact analytical expression for the weight-dependent ensemble exchange energy has been derived. The complementary exact ensemble correlation energy has been computed by means of Legendre-Fenchel transforms. Interesting features like discontinuities in the ensemble xc potential in the...

  2. Eigenvalue ratio detection based on exact moments of smallest and largest eigenvalues

    KAUST Repository

    Shakir, Muhammad

    2011-01-01

    Detection based on eigenvalues of received signal covariance matrix is currently one of the most effective solution for spectrum sensing problem in cognitive radios. However, the results of these schemes always depend on asymptotic assumptions since the close-formed expression of exact eigenvalues ratio distribution is exceptionally complex to compute in practice. In this paper, non-asymptotic spectrum sensing approach to approximate the extreme eigenvalues is introduced. In this context, the Gaussian approximation approach based on exact analytical moments of extreme eigenvalues is presented. In this approach, the extreme eigenvalues are considered as dependent Gaussian random variables such that the joint probability density function (PDF) is approximated by bivariate Gaussian distribution function for any number of cooperating secondary users and received samples. In this context, the definition of Copula is cited to analyze the extent of the dependency between the extreme eigenvalues. Later, the decision threshold based on the ratio of dependent Gaussian extreme eigenvalues is derived. The performance analysis of our newly proposed approach is compared with the already published asymptotic Tracy-Widom approximation approach. © 2011 ICST.

  3. Global coordinates and exact aberration calculations applied to physical optics modeling of complex optical systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lawrence, G.; Barnard, C.; Viswanathan, V.K.

    1986-01-01

    Historically, wave optics computer codes have been paraxial in nature. Folded systems could be modeled by ''unfolding'' the optical system. Calculation of optical aberrations is, in general, left for the analyst to do with off-line codes. While such paraxial codes were adequate for the simpler systems being studied 10 years ago, current problems such as phased arrays, ring resonators, coupled resonators, and grazing incidents optics require a major advance in analytical capability. This paper describes extension of the physical optics codes GLAD and GLAD V to include a global coordinate system and exact ray aberration calculations. The global coordinate system allows components to be positioned and rotated arbitrarily. Exact aberrations are calculated for components in aligned or misaligned configurations by using ray tracing to compute optical path differences and diffraction propagation. Optical path lengths between components and beam rotations in complex mirror systems are calculated accurately so that coherent interactions in phased arrays and coupled devices may be treated correctly.

  4. Planar quantum quenches: Computation of exact time-dependent correlation functions at large $N$

    CERN Document Server

    Cubero, Axel Cortés

    2016-01-01

    We study a quantum quench of an integrable quantum field theory in the planar infinite-$N$ limit. Unlike isovector-valued $O(N)$ models, matrix-valued field theories in the infinite-$N$ limit are not solvable by the Hartre-Fock approximation, and are nontrivial interacting theories. We study quenches with initial states that are color-charge neutral, correspond to integrability-preserving boundary conditions, and that lead to nontrivial correlation functions of operators. We compute exactly at infinite $N$, the time-dependent one- and two-point correlation functions of the energy-momentum tensor and renormalized field operator after this quench using known exact form factors. This computation can be done fully analytically, due the simplicity of the initial state and the form factors in the planar limit. We also show that this type of quench preserves factorizability at all times, allows for particle transmission from the pre-quench state, while still having nontrivial interacting post-quench dynamics.

  5. Square lattice Ising model {chi}-tilde{sup (5)} ODE in exact arithmetic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nickel, B [Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1 (Canada); Jensen, I; Guttmann, A J [ARC Centre of Excellence for Mathematics and Statistics of Complex Systems, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Boukraa, S [LPTHIRM and Departement d' Aeronautique, Universite de Blida, Blida (Algeria); Hassani, S; Zenine, N [Centre de Recherche Nucleaire d' Alger, 2 Bd. Frantz Fanon, BP 399, 16000 Alger (Algeria); Maillard, J-M, E-mail: bgn@physics.uoguelph.c, E-mail: I.Jensen@ms.unimelb.edu.a, E-mail: boukraa@mail.univ-blida.d, E-mail: tonyg@ms.unimelb.edu.a, E-mail: maillard@lptmc.jussieu.f, E-mail: njzenine@yahoo.co [LPTMC, UMR 7600 CNRS, Universite de Paris, Tour 24, 4eme etage, case 121, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05 (France)

    2010-05-14

    We obtain in exact arithmetic the order 24 linear differential operator L{sub 24} and the right-hand side E{sup (5)} of the inhomogeneous equation L{sub 24}({Phi}{sup (5)}) = E{sup (5)}, where {Phi}{sup (5)}={chi}-tilde{sup (5)}-{chi}-tilde{sup (3)}/2+{chi}-tilde{sup (1)}/120 is a linear combination of n-particle contributions to the susceptibility of the square lattice Ising model. In Bostan et al (2009 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 42 275209), the operator L{sub 24} (modulo a prime) was shown to factorize into L{sub 12}{sup (left){center_dot}}L{sub 12}{sup (right)}; here we prove that no further factorization of the order 12 operator L{sub 12}{sup (left)} is possible. We use the exact ODE to obtain the behaviour of {chi}-tilde{sup (5)} at the ferromagnetic critical point and to obtain a limited number of analytic continuations of {chi}-tilde{sup (5)} beyond the principal disc defined by its high temperature series. Contrary to a speculation in Boukraa et al (2008 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 41 455202), we find that {chi}-tilde{sup (5)} is singular at w = 1/2 on an infinite number of branches.

  6. Acquisition of teleological descriptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franke, David W.

    1992-03-01

    Teleology descriptions capture the purpose of an entity, mechanism, or activity with which they are associated. These descriptions can be used in explanation, diagnosis, and design reuse. We describe a technique for acquiring teleological descriptions expressed in the teleology language TeD. Acquisition occurs during design by observing design modifications and design verification. We demonstrate the acquisition technique in an electronic circuit design.

  7. Target variability and exact signature reproduction requirements for Ka-band radar data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, Robert H.; Kersey, William T.; McFarlin, M. Shane; Finley, Robbin; Neilson, H. J.; Nixon, William E.

    2001-08-01

    A variety of ATR algorithms have promise improved performance, not yet realized operationally. Typically, good results have been reported on data sets of limited size that have been tested in a laboratory environment, only to see the performance degrade when stressed with real-world target and environmental variability. To investigate exact signature reproduction requirements along with target and environment variability issues for stressing new ATR metrics, the U.S. Army's National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC) and Targets Management Office (TMO) originated, sponsored, and directed a signature project plan to acquire multiple target full-polarimetric Ka-band radar signature data at Eglin AFB, as well as its submillimeter-wave compact radar range equivalent using high-fidelity exact 1/16th scale replicas fabricated by the ERADS program. To effectively understand signature reproduction requirements through the variability of multiple target RCS characteristics, TMO and NGIC sponsored researchers at U Mass Lowell's Submillimeter-Wave Technology Laboratory (STL) and Simulation Technologies (SimTech) to analyze the intra- class and inter-class variability of the full scale Ka-band turntable signature data. NGIC, TMO, STL and SimTech researchers then traveled to the location of the vehicles measured at Eglin AFB and conducted extensive documentation and mensuration on these vehicles. Using this information, ERADS built high fidelity, articulatable exact replicas for measurement in the NGIC's compact radar ranges. Signal processing software established by STL researchers in an NGIC directed signature study was used to execute an HRR and ISAR cross-correlation study of the field and scale-model signature data. The signature to signature variability quantified is presented, along with a description and examples of the signature analysis techniques exploited. This signature data is available from NGIC on request for Government Agencies and Government Contractors with an

  8. Analytical solution methods for geodesic motion

    CERN Document Server

    Hackmann, Eva

    2015-01-01

    The observation of the motion of particles and light near a gravitating object is until now the only way to explore and to measure the gravitational field. In the case of exact black hole solutions of the Einstein equations the gravitational field is characterized by a small number of parameters which can be read off from the observables related to the orbits of test particles and light rays. Here we review the state of the art of analytical solutions of geodesic equations in various space--times. In particular we consider the four dimensional black hole space--times of Pleba\\'nski--Demia\\'nski type as far as the geodesic equation separates, as well as solutions in higher dimensions, and also solutions with cosmic strings. The mathematical tools used are elliptic and hyperelliptic functions. We present a list of analytic solutions which can be found in the literature.

  9. Exact path-integral evaluation of locally interacting systems: The subtlety of operator ordering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniguchi, Nobuhiko

    2017-10-01

    We discuss how one calculates the coherent path integrals for locally interacting systems, where some inconsistencies with exact results have been reported previously. It is shown that the operator ordering subtlety that is hidden in the local interaction term modifies the Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation in the continuous time formulation, and it helps reproduce known results by the operator method. We also demonstrate that many-body effects in the strong interaction limit can be well characterized by the free-particle theory that is subject to annealed random potentials and dynamical gauge (or phase) fields. The present treatment expands the conventional paradigm of the one-particle description, and it provides a simple, viable picture for strongly correlated materials of either bosonic or fermionic systems.

  10. Exact non-Markovian dynamics of qubits coupled to two interacting environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, H. Z.; Li, D. X.; Su, Shi-Lei; Zhou, Y. H.; Yi, X. X.

    2017-09-01

    As the memory effect may be helpful in quantum information processing, non-Markovian dynamics plays an important role in the description of many-body open systems. Among these topics, the system consisting of independent qubits interacting with several coupled environments is of particular interest. In this paper, we study the exact non-Markovian dynamics of two independent qubits. Each of the qubits interacts individually with its environment, and these two environments coupled with each other. We investigate the non-Markovianity measure of the system for the whole parameter regime without the rotating-wave approximation (RWA) and compare the results with that under the RWA. We find that the non-Markovianity measure for two qubits manifests a transition from a non-Markovian to Markovian regime regardless of the coupling strength between the environments. The physical origin of this transition is revealed, and a possible observation of the prediction in superconducting quantum interference devices is discussed.

  11. An Exact, Compressible One-Dimensional Riemann Solver for General, Convex Equations of State

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kamm, James Russell [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-03-05

    This note describes an algorithm with which to compute numerical solutions to the one- dimensional, Cartesian Riemann problem for compressible flow with general, convex equations of state. While high-level descriptions of this approach are to be found in the literature, this note contains most of the necessary details required to write software for this problem. This explanation corresponds to the approach used in the source code that evaluates solutions for the 1D, Cartesian Riemann problem with a JWL equation of state in the ExactPack package [16, 29]. Numerical examples are given with the proposed computational approach for a polytropic equation of state and for the JWL equation of state.

  12. Exciton-phonon dynamics on complex networks: Comparison between a perturbative approach and exact calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yalouz, Saad; Pouthier, Vincent; Falvo, Cyril

    2017-08-01

    A method combining perturbation theory with a simplifying ansatz is used to describe the exciton-phonon dynamics in complex networks. This method, called PT*, is compared to exact calculations based on the numerical diagonalization of the exciton-phonon Hamiltonian for eight small-sized networks. It is shown that the accuracy of PT* depends on the nature of the network, and three different situations were identified. For most graphs, PT* yields a very accurate description of the dynamics. By contrast, for the Wheel graph and the Apollonian network, PT* reproduces the dynamics only when the exciton occupies a specific initial state. Finally, for the complete graph, PT* breaks down. These different behaviors originate in the interplay between the degenerate nature of the excitonic energy spectrum and the strength of the exciton-phonon interaction so that a criterion is established to determine whether or not PT* is relevant. When it succeeds, our study shows the undeniable advantage of PT* in that it allows us to perform very fast simulations when compared to exact calculations that are restricted to small-sized networks.

  13. Analytical Chemistry in Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zolotov, Yuri

    2016-09-06

    Research in Russian analytical chemistry (AC) is carried out on a significant scale, and the analytical service solves practical tasks of geological survey, environmental protection, medicine, industry, agriculture, etc. The education system trains highly skilled professionals in AC. The development and especially manufacturing of analytical instruments should be improved; in spite of this, there are several good domestic instruments and other satisfy some requirements. Russian AC has rather good historical roots.

  14. Anatomy of topological surface states: Exact solutions from destructive interference on frustrated lattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunst, Flore K.; Trescher, Maximilian; Bergholtz, Emil J.

    2017-08-01

    The hallmark of topological phases is their robust boundary signature whose intriguing properties—such as the one-way transport on the chiral edge of a Chern insulator and the sudden disappearance of surface states forming open Fermi arcs on the surfaces of Weyl semimetals—are impossible to realize on the surface alone. Yet, despite the glaring simplicity of noninteracting topological bulk Hamiltonians and their concomitant energy spectrum, the detailed study of the corresponding surface states has essentially been restricted to numerical simulation. In this work, however, we show that exact analytical solutions of both topological and trivial surface states can be obtained for generic tight-binding models on a large class of geometrically frustrated lattices in any dimension without the need for fine-tuning of hopping amplitudes. Our solutions derive from local constraints tantamount to destructive interference between neighboring layer lattices perpendicular to the surface and provide microscopic insights into the structure of the surface states that enable analytical calculation of many desired properties including correlation functions, surface dispersion, Berry curvature, and the system size dependent gap closing, which necessarily occurs when the spatial localization switches surface. This further provides a deepened understanding of the bulk-boundary correspondence. We illustrate our general findings on a large number of examples in two and three spatial dimensions. Notably, we derive exact chiral Chern insulator edge states on the spin-orbit-coupled kagome lattice, and Fermi arcs relevant for recently synthesized slabs of pyrochlore-based Eu2Ir2O7 and Nd2Ir2O7 , which realize an all-in-all-out spin configuration, as well as for spin-ice-like two-in-two-out and one-in-three-out configurations, which are both relevant for Pr2Ir2O7 . Remarkably, each of the pyrochlore examples exhibit clearly resolved Fermi arcs although only the one

  15. Analytical Electron Microscope

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Titan 80-300 is a transmission electron microscope (TEM) equipped with spectroscopic detectors to allow chemical, elemental, and other analytical measurements to...

  16. Exact self-duality in a modified Skyrme model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, L. A.

    2017-07-01

    We propose a modification of the Skyrme model that supports a self-dual sector possessing exact non-trivial finite energy solutions. The action of such a theory possesses the usual quadratic and quartic terms in field derivatives, but the couplings of the components of the Maurer-Cartan form of the Skyrme model is made by a non-constant symmetric matrix, instead of the usual Killing form of the SU(2) Lie algebra. The introduction of such a matrix make the self-duality equations conformally invariant in three space dimensions, even though it may break the global internal symmetries of the original Skyrme model. For the case where that matrix is proportional to the identity we show that the theory possesses exact self-dual Skyrmions of unity topological charges.

  17. Exact results for Wilson loops in arbitrary representations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fiol, Bartomeu; Torrents, Genís [Departament de Física Fonamental i Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona,Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)

    2014-01-08

    We compute the exact vacuum expectation value of 1/2 BPS circular Wilson loops of N=4 U(N) super Yang-Mills in arbitrary irreducible representations. By localization arguments, the computation reduces to evaluating certain integrals in a Gaussian matrix model, which we do using the method of orthogonal polynomials. Our results are particularly simple for Wilson loops in antisymmetric representations; in this case, we observe that the final answers admit an expansion where the coefficients are positive integers, and can be written in terms of sums over skew Young diagrams. As an application of our results, we use them to discuss the exact Bremsstrahlung functions associated to the corresponding heavy probes.

  18. arXiv Integrable flows between exact CFTs

    CERN Document Server

    Georgiou, George

    2017-11-14

    We explicitly construct families of integrable σ-model actions smoothly inter-polating between exact CFTs. In the ultraviolet the theory is the direct product of two current algebras at levels k$_{1}$ and k$_{2}$. In the infrared and for the case of two deformation matrices the CFT involves a coset CFT, whereas for a single matrix deformation it is given by the ultraviolet direct product theories but at levels k$_{1}$ and k$_{2}$ − k$_{1}$. For isotropic deformations we demonstrate integrability. In this case we also compute the exact beta-function for the deformation parameters using gravitational methods. This is shown to coincide with previous results obtained using perturbation theory and non-perturbative symmetries.

  19. Exact nuclear data uncertainty propagation for fusion neutronics calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rochman, D., E-mail: rochman@nrg.e [Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group NRG, P.O. Box 25, 1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands); Koning, A.J.; Marck, S.C. van der [Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group NRG, P.O. Box 25, 1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands)

    2010-08-15

    Recently, we have presented an exact method (now called 'Total Monte Carlo') to propagate uncertainties of fundamental nuclear physics experiments, models and parameters to different types of criticality-safety benchmarks. We now show that such exact uncertainty calculations are directly relevant to the optimal and safe design of fusion reactors by applying this methodology to a series of fusion shielding benchmarks, namely those connected to the Oktavian, Fusion Neutronics Source and LLNL Pulsed Sphere experiments. Uncertainties on neutron and gamma leakage fluxes for 13 shielding benchmarks are obtained, in the mass range from {sup nat}Mg to {sup nat}W. Uncertainties for cross-sections, angular distributions, single- and double-differential emission spectra, and gamma-ray production cross-sections are considered in this uncertainty propagation scheme.

  20. On the Exact Solution of Wave Equations on Cantor Sets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dumitru Baleanu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The transfer of heat due to the emission of electromagnetic waves is called thermal radiations. In local fractional calculus, there are numerous contributions of scientists, like Mandelbrot, who described fractal geometry and its wide range of applications in many scientific fields. Christianto and Rahul gave the derivation of Proca equations on Cantor sets. Hao et al. investigated the Helmholtz and diffusion equations in Cantorian and Cantor-Type Cylindrical Coordinates. Carpinteri and Sapora studied diffusion problems in fractal media in Cantor sets. Zhang et al. studied local fractional wave equations under fixed entropy. In this paper, we are concerned with the exact solutions of wave equations by the help of local fractional Laplace variation iteration method (LFLVIM. We develop an iterative scheme for the exact solutions of local fractional wave equations (LFWEs. The efficiency of the scheme is examined by two illustrative examples.

  1. Exactly solvable models in many-body theory

    CERN Document Server

    March, N H

    2016-01-01

    The book reviews several theoretical, mostly exactly solvable, models for selected systems in condensed states of matter, including the solid, liquid, and disordered states, and for systems of few or many bodies, both with boson, fermion, or anyon statistics. Some attention is devoted to models for quantum liquids, including superconductors and superfluids. Open problems in relativistic fields and quantum gravity are also briefly reviewed.The book ranges almost comprehensively, but concisely, across several fields of theoretical physics of matter at various degrees of correlation and at different energy scales, with relevance to molecular, solid-state, and liquid-state physics, as well as to phase transitions, particularly for quantum liquids. Mostly exactly solvable models are presented, with attention also to their numerical approximation and, of course, to their relevance for experiments.

  2. A 4PN-exact approximation to General Relativity

    CERN Document Server

    Brizuela, David

    2010-01-01

    An approximation to General Relativity is presented which agrees with the Einstein field equations up to and including the fourth post-Newtonian (PN) order. This approximation is formulated in a fully constrained scheme: all involved equations are explicitly elliptic except the wave equation that describes the two independent degrees of freedom of the gravitational field. The formalism covers naturally the conformal-flat-condition (CFC) approach by Isenberg, Wilson, and Mathews and the improved second PN-order exact approach CFC+. For stationary configurations, like Kerr black holes, agreement with General Relativity is achieved even through 5PN order. In addition, we analyze in detail a particularly interesting 2PN-exact waveless approximation which results from imposing more restrictive conditions. The proposed scheme can be considered as a further development on the waveless approach suggested by Schaefer and Gopakumar [Phys. Rev. D {\\bf 69}, 021501 (2004)].

  3. Exact traveling wave solutions of some nonlinear evolution equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Hitender; Chand, Fakir

    2014-02-01

    Using a traveling wave reduction technique, we have shown that Maccari equation, (2+1)-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation, medium equal width equation, (3+1)-dimensional modified KdV-Zakharov-Kuznetsev equation, (2+1)-dimensional long wave-short wave resonance interaction equation, perturbed nonlinear Schrödinger equation can be reduced to the same family of auxiliary elliptic-like equations. Then using extended F-expansion and projective Riccati equation methods, many types of exact traveling wave solutions are obtained. With the aid of solutions of the elliptic-like equation, more explicit traveling wave solutions expressed by the hyperbolic functions, trigonometric functions and rational functions are found out. It is shown that these methods provide a powerful mathematical tool for solving nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics. A variety of structures of the exact solutions of the elliptic-like equation are illustrated.

  4. INTERNAL EXACT OBSERVABILITY OF A PERTURBED EULER-BERNOULLI EQUATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae Cîndea

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work we prove that the exact internal observability for theEuler-Bernoulli equation is robust with respect to a class of linear perturbations. Our results yield,in particular,that for rectangular domains we have the exact observability in an arbitrarily small time and with an arbitrarily small observation region. The usual method of tackling lower order terms,using Carleman estimates, cannot be applied in this context. More precisely, it is not known if Carleman estimates hold for the evolution Euler-Bernoulli equation with arbitrarily small observation region. Therefore we use a method combining frequency domain techniques,a compactness-uniqueness argument and a Carleman estimate for elliptic problems.

  5. Parametrices and exact paralinearization of semi-linear boundary problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnsen, Jon

    2008-01-01

    The subject is parametrices for semi-linear problems, based on parametrices for linear boundary problems and on non-linearities that decompose into solution-dependent linear operators acting on the solutions. Non-linearities of product type are shown to admit this via exact paralinearization. The...... of homogeneous distributions, tensor products and halfspace extensions have been revised. Examples include the von Karman equation....

  6. A Finite Exact Representation of Register Automata Configurations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Fang Chen

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available A register automaton is a finite automaton with finitely many registers ranging from an infinite alphabet. Since the valuations of registers are infinite, there are infinitely many configurations. We describe a technique to classify infinite register automata configurations into finitely many exact representative configurations. Using the finitary representation, we give an algorithm solving the reachability problem for register automata. We moreover define a computation tree logic for register automata and solve its model checking problem.

  7. Exact Regenerating Codes for Byzantine Fault Tolerance in Distributed Storage

    OpenAIRE

    Han, Yunghsiang S.; Zheng, Rong; Mow, Wai Ho

    2011-01-01

    Due to the use of commodity software and hardware, crash-stop and Byzantine failures are likely to be more prevalent in today's large-scale distributed storage systems. Regenerating codes have been shown to be a more efficient way to disperse information across multiple nodes and recover crash-stop failures in the literature. In this paper, we present the design of regeneration codes in conjunction with integrity check that allows exact regeneration of failed nodes and data reconstruction in ...

  8. Exactly averaged equations for flow and transport in random media

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shvidler, Mark; Karasaki, Kenzi [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., Earth Sciences Division, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2001-07-01

    It is well known that exact averaging of the equations of flow and transport in random porous media can be realized only for a small number of special, occasionally exotic, fields. On the other hand, the properties of approximate averaging methods are not yet fully understood. For example, the convergence behavior and the accuracy of truncated perturbation series. Furthermore, the calculation of the high-order perturbations is very complicated. These problems for a long time have stimulated attempts to find the answer for the question: Are there in existence some exact general and sufficiently universal forms of averaged equations? If the answer is positive, there arises the problem of the construction of these equations and analyzing them. There exist many publications related to these problems and oriented on different applications: hydrodynamics, flow and transport in porous media, theory of elasticity, acoustic and electromagnetic waves in random fields, etc. We present a method of finding the general form of exactly averaged equations for flow and transport in random fields by using (1) an assumption of the existence of Green's functions for appropriate stochastic problems, (2) some general properties of the Green's functions, and (3) the some basic information about the random fields of the conductivity, porosity and flow velocity. We present a general form of the exactly averaged non-local equations for the following cases. 1. Steady-state flow with sources in porous media with random conductivity. 2. Transient flow with sources in compressible media with random conductivity and porosity. 3. Non-reactive solute transport in random porous media. We discuss the problem of uniqueness and the properties of the non-local averaged equations, for the cases with some types of symmetry (isotropic, transversal isotropic, orthotropic) and we analyze the hypothesis of the structure non-local equations in general case of stochastically homogeneous fields

  9. Exactly Embedded Wavefunction Methods for Characterizing Nitrogen Reduction Catalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-15

    SUBTITLE Exactly Embedded Wavefunction Methods for Characterizing Nitrogen Reduction Catalysis 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER N/A 5b. GRANT NUMBER FA9550... catalysis , such as hydrogen and nitrogen reduction. In a significant methodological advance from the past year, we developed an accurate and...1-0288), the Miller group developed new electronic structure embedding methods for the investigation of small- molecular activation catalysis , such as

  10. A Visual Basic Software for Computing Fisher's Exact Probability

    OpenAIRE

    Haseeb Ahmad Khan

    2003-01-01

    Fisher's exact test (FET) is an important statistical method for testing association between two groups. However, the computations involved in FET are extremely tedious and time consuming due to multi-step factorial calculations after the construction of numerous 2x2 tables depending on the smallest cell value. A Visual-Basic computer program, CalcFisher, has been developed to handle the complexities of FET resorting the techniques of looping subroutines and logarithmic conversions. The softw...

  11. Exact Steady Azimuthal Edge Waves in Rotating Fluids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ionescu-Kruse, Delia

    2017-09-01

    The full problem of water waves travelling along a constant sloping beach with the shoreline parallel to the Equator, written in a moving frame with the origin at a point on the rotating Earth is introduced. An exact steady solution of this problem moving only in the azimuthal direction, with no variations in this direction, is obtained. The solution is discussed in turn in spherical coordinates, in cylindrical coordinates and in the tangent-plan approximations.

  12. Exactly solvable chaos and addition theorems of elliptic functions

    CERN Document Server

    Umeno, K

    1997-01-01

    We review recent developments about a systematic method of constructing of rational mappings as ergordic transformations with non-uniform invariant measures on the unit interval [0,1]. All rational ergordic mappings of [0,1] with explicit non-uniform densities can be characterized by addition theorems of elliptic functions. We call this special class of chaotic mappings exactly solvable chaos and we can classify them by the associated elliptic modular functions.

  13. Unitary-matrix models as exactly solvable string theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Periwal, Vipul; Shevitz, Danny

    1990-01-01

    Exact differential equations are presently found for the scaling functions of models of unitary matrices which are solved in a double-scaling limit, using orthogonal polynomials on a circle. For the case of the simplest, k = 1 model, the Painleve II equation with constant 0 is obtained; possible nonperturbative phase transitions exist for these models. Equations are presented for k = 2 and 3, and discussed with a view to asymptotic behavior.

  14. Exact sum rules for quantum billiards of arbitrary shape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amore, Paolo

    2018-01-01

    We have derived explicit expressions for the sum rules of order one of the eigenvalues of the negative Laplacian on two dimensional domains of arbitrary shape. Taking into account the leading asymptotic behavior of these eigenvalues, as given from Weyl's law, we show that it is possible to define sum rules that are finite, using different prescriptions. We provide the explicit expressions and test them on a number of non trivial examples, comparing the exact results with precise numerical results.

  15. An Exact Method for the Double TSP with Multiple Stacks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper; Lusby, Richard Martin; Ehrgott, Matthias

    that minimizes the total transportation cost (ignoring the cost of transporting the container between the depots of the two trips) given that the container cannot be repacked at any stage. In this paper we present an exact solution method based on matching k-best TSP solutions for each of the separate pickup...... and delivery TSP problems and show that previously unsolved instances can be solved within seconds using this approach....

  16. An Exact Method for the Double TSP with Multiple Stacks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lusby, Richard Martin; Larsen, Jesper; Ehrgott, Matthias

    2010-01-01

    that minimizes the total transportation cost (ignoring the cost of transporting the container between the depots of the two trips) given that the container cannot be repacked at any stage. In this paper we present an exact solution method based on matching k-best TSP solutions for each of the separate pickup...... and delivery TSP problems and show that previously unsolved instances can be solved within seconds using this approach....

  17. Exactly solvable models for atom-molecule Hamiltonians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dukelsky, J; Dussel, G G; Esebbag, C; Pittel, S

    2004-07-30

    We present a family of exactly solvable generalizations of the Jaynes-Cummings model involving the interaction of an ensemble of SU(2) or SU(1,1) quasispins with a single boson field. They are obtained from the trigonometric Richardson-Gaudin models by replacing one of the SU(2) or SU(1,1) degrees of freedom by an ideal boson. The application to a system of bosonic atoms and molecules is reported.

  18. A fast exact sequential algorithm for the partial digest problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbas, Mostafa M; Bahig, Hazem M

    2016-12-22

    Restriction site analysis involves determining the locations of restriction sites after the process of digestion by reconstructing their positions based on the lengths of the cut DNA. Using different reaction times with a single enzyme to cut DNA is a technique known as a partial digestion. Determining the exact locations of restriction sites following a partial digestion is challenging due to the computational time required even with the best known practical algorithm. In this paper, we introduce an efficient algorithm to find the exact solution for the partial digest problem. The algorithm is able to find all possible solutions for the input and works by traversing the solution tree with a breadth-first search in two stages and deleting all repeated subproblems. Two types of simulated data, random and Zhang, are used to measure the efficiency of the algorithm. We also apply the algorithm to real data for the Luciferase gene and the E. coli K12 genome. Our algorithm is a fast tool to find the exact solution for the partial digest problem. The percentage of improvement is more than 75% over the best known practical algorithm for the worst case. For large numbers of inputs, our algorithm is able to solve the problem in a suitable time, while the best known practical algorithm is unable.

  19. Implementation of geometrically exact beam element for nonlinear dynamics modeling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Jielong, E-mail: jelon.wang@gmail.com [Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd., Beijing Aeronautical Science & Technology Research Institute (China)

    2015-12-15

    The paper develops a new type of geometrically exact beam element featuring large displacements and rotations together with small warping. The dimension reduction approach based on variational asymptotic method has been explored, and a linear two-dimensional finite element procedure has been implemented to predict the cross-sectional stiffness and recover the cross-sectional strain fields of the beam. The total and incremental variables mixed formula of governing equations of motion is presented, in which the Wiener–Milenković parameters are selected to vectorize the finite rotation. The dynamic problem of geometrically exact beam has been solved by the implicit Radau IIA algorithms, the time histories of large translations and rotations with small three-dimensional warping have been integrated. Numerical simulations have been performed and the results have been compared to those of commercial software LS-DYNA. It can be concluded that the current modeling approach features high accuracy and that the new geometrically exact beam with warping is robust enough to predict large deformations with small strain.

  20. Exact EGB models for spherical static perfect fluids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansraj, Sudan; Chilambwe, Brian; Maharaj, Sunil D. [University of KwaZulu-Natal, Astrophysics and Cosmology Research Unit, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, Private Bag 54001, Durban (South Africa)

    2015-06-15

    We obtain a new exact solution to the field equations for a 5-dimensional spherically symmetric static distribution in the Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet modified theory of gravity. By using a transformation, the study is reduced to the analysis of a single second order nonlinear differential equation. In general the condition of pressure isotropy produces a first order differential equation which is an Abel equation of the second kind. An exact solution is found. The solution is examined for physical admissibility. In particular a set of constants is found which ensures that a pressure-free hypersurface exists which defines the boundary of the distribution. Additionally the isotropic pressure and the energy density are shown to be positive within the radius of the sphere. The adiabatic sound-speed criterion is also satisfied within the fluid ensuring a subluminal sound speed. Furthermore, the weak, strong and dominant conditions hold throughout the distribution. On setting the Gauss-Bonnet coupling to zero, an exact solution for 5-dimensional perfect fluids in the standard Einstein theory is obtained. Plots of the dynamical quantities for the Gauss-Bonnet and the Einstein case reveal that the pressure is unaffected, while the energy density increases under the influence of the Gauss-Bonnet term. (orig.)

  1. Functional determinants, index theorems, and exact quantum black hole entropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murthy, Sameer; Reys, Valentin

    2015-12-01

    The exact quantum entropy of BPS black holes can be evaluated using localization in supergravity. An important ingredient in this program, that has been lacking so far, is the one-loop effect arising from the quadratic fluctuations of the exact deformation (the QV operator). We compute the fluctuation determinant for vector multiplets and hyper multiplets around Q-invariant off-shell configurations in four-dimensional N=2 supergravity with AdS 2 × S 2 boundary conditions, using the Atiyah-Bott fixed-point index theorem and a subsequent zeta function regularization. Our results extend the large-charge on-shell entropy computations in the literature to a regime of finite charges. Based on our results, we present an exact formula for the quantum entropy of BPS black holes in N=2 supergravity. We explain cancellations concerning 1/8 -BPS black holes in N=8 supergravity that were observed in arXiv:1111.1161. We also make comments about the interpretation of a logarithmic term in the topological string partition function in the low energy supergravity theory.

  2. Determining the Exact Mass of Neutrino through Logical Mass Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angus, Andrew

    2003-03-01

    The primary purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that a neutrino has a definite mass. Secondly, the purpose of this paper is to show through reaction equation the genesis of neutrino from nuclear reactions induced by electricity. The author used a method called logical mass analysis to determine the exact mass of neutrino which eluded scientists since 1930. The author determined the exact mass of three types of neutrinos as follows: a. neutrino-p has rest mass of 0.2395 MeV, b. neutrino-d has a rest mass of 0.059 MeV, c. the neutrino-t has a rest mass of 0.444 MeV. The author formally defines a neutrino as a leptonic particle with a mass ranging from 1/10 to 9/10 of an electron mass. The importance of this paper lies in the fact that exact mass of neutrinos have eluded scientists for more than 60 years since its postulated existence in 1930 as a massless particle. This paper is also important because this paper will give experimental scientists a basis of identifying different types of neutrinos and its definite masses during experimentation.

  3. Exact dynamics of stochastic linear delayed systems: Application to spatiotemporal coordination of comoving agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKetterick, Thomas John; Giuggioli, Luca

    2014-10-01

    Delayed dynamics result from finite transmission speeds of a signal in the form of energy, mass, or information. In stochastic systems the resulting lagged dynamics challenge our understanding due to the rich behavioral repertoire encompassing monotonic, oscillatory, and unstable evolution. Despite the vast literature, quantifying this rich behavior is limited by a lack of explicit analytic studies of high-dimensional stochastic delay systems. Here we fill this gap for systems governed by a linear Langevin equation of any number of delays and spatial dimensions with additive Gaussian noise. By exploiting Laplace transforms we are able to derive an exact time-dependent analytic solution of the Langevin equation. By using characteristic functionals we are able to construct the full time dependence of the multivariate probability distribution of the stochastic process as a function of the delayed and nondelayed random variables. As an application we consider interactions in animal collective movement that go beyond the traditional assumption of instantaneous alignment. We propose models for coordinated maneuvers of comoving agents applicable to recent empirical findings in pigeons and bats whereby individuals copy the heading of their neighbors with some delay. We highlight possible strategies that individual pairs may adopt to reduce the variance in their velocity difference and/or in their spatial separation. We also show that a minimum in the variance of the spatial separation at long times can be achieved with certain ratios of measurement to reaction delay.

  4. Exact solutions to the fractional time-space Bloch-Torrey equation for magnetic resonance imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bueno-Orovio, Alfonso; Burrage, Kevin

    2017-11-01

    The quantification of anomalous diffusion is increasingly being recognised as an advanced modality of analysis for the evaluation of tissue microstructure in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). One powerful framework to account for anomalous diffusion in biological and structurally heterogeneous tissues is the use of diffusion operators based on fractional calculus theory, which generalises the physical principles of standard diffusion in homogeneous media. However, their non-locality makes analytical solutions often unavailable, limiting the applicability of these modelling and analysis techniques. In this paper, we derive compact analytical signal decays for practical MRI sequences in the anisotropic fractional Bloch-Torrey setting, as described by the space fractional Laplacian and importantly the time Caputo derivative. The attained solutions convey relevant characteristics of MRI in biological tissues not replicated by standard diffusion, including super-diffusive and sub-diffusive regimes in signal decay and the diffusion-driven incomplete refocusing of spins at the end of the sequence. These results may therefore have significant implications for advancing the current interpretation of MRI, and for the estimation of tissue properties based on exact solutions to underlying diffusive processes.

  5. Multi-variate joint PDF for non-Gaussianities: exact formulation and generic approximations

    CERN Document Server

    Verde, Licia; Heavens, Alan F; Jimenez, Raul; Matarrese, Sabino

    2013-01-01

    We provide an exact expression for the multi-variate joint probability distribution function of non-Gaussian fields primordially arising from local transformations of a Gaussian field. This kind of non-Gaussianity is generated in many models of inflation. We apply our expression to the non- Gaussianity estimation from Cosmic Microwave Background maps and the halo mass function where we obtain analytical expressions. We also provide analytic approximations and their range of validity. For the Cosmic Microwave Background we give a fast way to compute the PDF which is valid up to 7{\\sigma} for fNL values (both true and sampled) not ruled out by current observations, which consists of expressing the PDF as a combination of bispectrum and trispectrum of the temperature maps. The resulting expression is valid for any kind of non-Gaussianity and is not limited to the local type. The above results may serve as the basis for a fully Bayesian analysis of the non-Gaussianity parameter.

  6. Exact solution of corner-modified banded block-Toeplitz eigensystems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cobanera, Emilio; Alase, Abhijeet; Ortiz, Gerardo; Viola, Lorenza

    2017-05-01

    Motivated by the challenge of seeking a rigorous foundation for the bulk-boundary correspondence for free fermions, we introduce an algorithm for determining exactly the spectrum and a generalized-eigenvector basis of a class of banded block quasi-Toeplitz matrices that we call corner-modified. Corner modifications of otherwise arbitrary banded block-Toeplitz matrices capture the effect of boundary conditions and the associated breakdown of translational invariance. Our algorithm leverages the interplay between a non-standard, projector-based method of kernel determination (physically, a bulk-boundary separation) and families of linear representations of the algebra of matrix Laurent polynomials. Thanks to the fact that these representations act on infinite-dimensional carrier spaces in which translation symmetry is restored, it becomes possible to determine the eigensystem of an auxiliary projected block-Laurent matrix. This results in an analytic eigenvector Ansatz, independent of the system size, which we prove is guaranteed to contain the full solution of the original finite-dimensional problem. The actual solution is then obtained by imposing compatibility with a boundary matrix, whose shape is also independent of system size. As an application, we show analytically that eigenvectors of short-ranged fermionic tight-binding models may display power-law corrections to exponential behavior, and demonstrate the phenomenon for the paradigmatic Majorana chain of Kitaev.

  7. An exact solution for a rotating black hole in modified gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filippini, Francesco; Tasinato, Gianmassimo

    2018-01-01

    Exact solutions describing rotating black holes can offer important tests for alternative theories of gravity, motivated by the dark energy and dark matter problems. We present an analytic rotating black hole solution for a class of vector-tensor theories of modified gravity, valid for arbitrary values of the rotation parameter. The new configuration is characterised by parametrically large deviations from the Kerr-Newman geometry, controlled by non-minimal couplings between vectors and gravity. It has an oblate horizon in Boyer-Lindquist coordinates, and it can rotate more rapidly and have a larger ergosphere than black holes in General Relativity (GR) with the same asymptotic properties. We analytically investigate the features of the innermost stable circular orbits for massive objects on the equatorial plane, and show that stable orbits lie further away from the black hole horizon with respect to rotating black holes in GR. We also comment on possible applications of our findings for the extraction of rotational energy from the black hole.

  8. Nonlinear optics an analytical approach

    CERN Document Server

    Mandel, Paul

    2010-01-01

    Based on the author's extensive teaching experience and lecture notes, this textbook provides a substantially analytical rather than descriptive presentation of nonlinear optics. Divided into five parts, with most chapters corresponding to a two-hour lecture, the book begins with a unique account of the historical development from Kirchhoff's law for the black-body radiation to Planck's quantum hypothesis and Einstein's discovery of spontaneous emission - providing all the explicit proofs. The subsequent sections deal with matter quantization, ultrashort pulse propagation in 2-level media, cavity nonlinear optics, chi(2) and chi(3) media. For graduate and PhD students in nonlinear optics or photonics, while also representing a valuable reference for researchers in these fields.

  9. Quine's "Strictly Vegetarian" Analyticity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Decock, L.B.

    2017-01-01

    I analyze Quine’s later writings on analyticity from a linguistic point of view. In Word and Object Quine made room for a “strictly vegetarian” notion of analyticity. In later years, he developed this notion into two more precise notions, which I have coined “stimulus analyticity” and “behaviorist

  10. Some Heterodox Analytic Philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Analytic philosophy has been the most influential philosophical movement in 20th century philosophy. It has surely contributed like no other movement to the elucidation and demarcation of philosophical problems. Nonetheless, the empiricist and sometimes even nominalist convictions of orthodox analytic philosophers have served them to inadequately render even philosophers they consider their own and to propound very questionable conceptions.

  11. The Analytical Hierarchy Process

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Michael Bruhn

    2007-01-01

    The technical note gathers the theory behind the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and present its advantages and disadvantages in practical use.......The technical note gathers the theory behind the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and present its advantages and disadvantages in practical use....

  12. Validating Analytical Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ember, Lois R.

    1977-01-01

    The procedures utilized by the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) to develop, evaluate, and validate analytical methods for the analysis of chemical pollutants are detailed. Methods validated by AOAC are used by the EPA and FDA in their enforcement programs and are granted preferential treatment by the courts. (BT)

  13. Exact solutions of the Grad-Shafranov equation via similarity reductions with applications to magnetically confined plasmas

    CERN Document Server

    Kaltsas, Dimitrios A

    2016-01-01

    We derive exact solutions of the general linear form of the Grad-Shafranov (GS) equation, including incompressible equilbrium flow, using similarity reduction ansatzes motivated by the ansatz-based methods of group foliation and direct reduction. The linearity of the equilibrium equation allows linear combinations of solutions in order to obtain axisymmetric MHD equilibria with closed and nested magnetic surfaces which are favorable for the effective confinenment of laboratory plasmas. Employing the afforementioned ansatzes we also obtain analytical solutions for several non-linear forms of the GS equation.

  14. European Analytical Column

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlberg, B.; Grasserbauer, M.; Andersen, Jens Enevold Thaulov

    2009-01-01

    The European Analytical Column has once more invited a guest columnist to give his views on various matters related to analytical chemistry in Europe. This year, we have invited Professor Manfred Grasserbauer of the Vienna University of Technology to present some of the current challenges...... for European analytical chemistry. During the period 2002–07, Professor Grasserbauer was Director of the Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (EC), Ispra, Italy. There is no doubt that many challenges exist at the present time for all of us representing...... a major branch of chemistry, namely analytical chemistry. The global financial crisis is affecting all branches of chemistry, but analytical chemistry, in particular, since our discipline by tradition has many close links to industry. We have already noticed decreased industrial commitment with respect...

  15. Frames for exact inversion of the rank order coder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masmoudi, Khaled; Antonini, Marc; Kornprobst, Pierre

    2012-02-01

    Our goal is to revisit rank order coding by proposing an original exact decoding procedure for it. Rank order coding was proposed by Thorpe et al. who stated that the order in which the retina cells are activated encodes for the visual stimulus. Based on this idea, the authors proposed in [1] a rank order coder/decoder associated to a retinal model. Though, it appeared that the decoding procedure employed yields reconstruction errors that limit the model bit-cost/quality performances when used as an image codec. The attempts made in the literature to overcome this issue are time consuming and alter the coding procedure, or are lacking mathematical support and feasibility for standard size images. Here we solve this problem in an original fashion by using the frames theory, where a frame of a vector space designates an extension for the notion of basis. Our contribution is twofold. First, we prove that the analyzing filter bank considered is a frame, and then we define the corresponding dual frame that is necessary for the exact image reconstruction. Second, to deal with the problem of memory overhead, we design a recursive out-of-core blockwise algorithm for the computation of this dual frame. Our work provides a mathematical formalism for the retinal model under study and defines a simple and exact reverse transform for it with over than 265 dB of increase in the peak signal-to-noise ratio quality compared to [1]. Furthermore, the framework presented here can be extended to several models of the visual cortical areas using redundant representations.

  16. Path Following in the Exact Penalty Method of Convex Programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Hua; Lange, Kenneth

    2015-07-01

    Classical penalty methods solve a sequence of unconstrained problems that put greater and greater stress on meeting the constraints. In the limit as the penalty constant tends to ∞, one recovers the constrained solution. In the exact penalty method, squared penalties are replaced by absolute value penalties, and the solution is recovered for a finite value of the penalty constant. In practice, the kinks in the penalty and the unknown magnitude of the penalty constant prevent wide application of the exact penalty method in nonlinear programming. In this article, we examine a strategy of path following consistent with the exact penalty method. Instead of performing optimization at a single penalty constant, we trace the solution as a continuous function of the penalty constant. Thus, path following starts at the unconstrained solution and follows the solution path as the penalty constant increases. In the process, the solution path hits, slides along, and exits from the various constraints. For quadratic programming, the solution path is piecewise linear and takes large jumps from constraint to constraint. For a general convex program, the solution path is piecewise smooth, and path following operates by numerically solving an ordinary differential equation segment by segment. Our diverse applications to a) projection onto a convex set, b) nonnegative least squares, c) quadratically constrained quadratic programming, d) geometric programming, and e) semidefinite programming illustrate the mechanics and potential of path following. The final detour to image denoising demonstrates the relevance of path following to regularized estimation in inverse problems. In regularized estimation, one follows the solution path as the penalty constant decreases from a large value.

  17. Path Following in the Exact Penalty Method of Convex Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Hua; Lange, Kenneth

    2015-01-01

    Classical penalty methods solve a sequence of unconstrained problems that put greater and greater stress on meeting the constraints. In the limit as the penalty constant tends to ∞, one recovers the constrained solution. In the exact penalty method, squared penalties are replaced by absolute value penalties, and the solution is recovered for a finite value of the penalty constant. In practice, the kinks in the penalty and the unknown magnitude of the penalty constant prevent wide application of the exact penalty method in nonlinear programming. In this article, we examine a strategy of path following consistent with the exact penalty method. Instead of performing optimization at a single penalty constant, we trace the solution as a continuous function of the penalty constant. Thus, path following starts at the unconstrained solution and follows the solution path as the penalty constant increases. In the process, the solution path hits, slides along, and exits from the various constraints. For quadratic programming, the solution path is piecewise linear and takes large jumps from constraint to constraint. For a general convex program, the solution path is piecewise smooth, and path following operates by numerically solving an ordinary differential equation segment by segment. Our diverse applications to a) projection onto a convex set, b) nonnegative least squares, c) quadratically constrained quadratic programming, d) geometric programming, and e) semidefinite programming illustrate the mechanics and potential of path following. The final detour to image denoising demonstrates the relevance of path following to regularized estimation in inverse problems. In regularized estimation, one follows the solution path as the penalty constant decreases from a large value. PMID:26366044

  18. Description logics of context

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Klarman, S

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available We introduce Description Logics of Context (DLCs) - an extension of Description Logics (DLs) for context-based reasoning. Our approach descends from J. McCarthy's tradition of treating contexts as formal objects over which one can quantify...

  19. Descriptive set theory

    CERN Document Server

    Moschovakis, YN

    1987-01-01

    Now available in paperback, this monograph is a self-contained exposition of the main results and methods of descriptive set theory. It develops all the necessary background material from logic and recursion theory, and treats both classical descriptive set theory and the effective theory developed by logicians.

  20. Thermodynamics of Rh nuclear spins calculated by exact diagonalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lefmann, K.; Ipsen, J.; Rasmussen, F.B.

    2000-01-01

    We have employed the method of exact diagonalization to obtain the full-energy spectrum of a cluster of 16 Rh nuclear spins, having dipolar and RK interactions between first and second nearest neighbours only. We have used this to calculate the nuclear spin entropy, and our results at both positive...... and negative temperatures follow the second-order high-temperature series expansions for |T| > 3 nK. Our findings do not agree with the measurements of the former Rh experiment in Helsinki, where a deviation is seen at much higher temperatures....

  1. Exact solution of large asymmetric traveling salesman problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, D L; Pekny, J F

    1991-02-15

    The traveling salesman problem is one of a class of difficult problems in combinatorial optimization that is representative of a large number of important scientific and engineering problems. A survey is given of recent applications and methods for solving large problems. In addition, an algorithm for the exact solution of the asymmetric traveling salesman problem is presented along with computational results for several classes of problems. The results show that the algorithm performs remarkably well for some classes of problems, determining an optimal solution even for problems with large numbers of cities, yet for other classes, even small problems thwart determination of a provably optimal solution.

  2. Exact elegant Laguerre-Gaussian vector wave packets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasalski, W

    2013-03-15

    An exact closed-form representation is derived of a vector elegant Laguerre-Gaussian wave packet. Its space-time representation consists of three mutually orthogonal field components--of a common azimuthal index and different radial indices--uniquely distinguished by first three powers of the paraxial parameter. The transverse components are of tm-radial and te-azimuthal polarization and appear, under their normal incidence, to be eigenmodes of any horizontally planar, homogeneous and isotropic structure, with eigenvalues given by the reflection and transmission coefficients. In this context, the interrelations between the cross-polarization symmetries of wave packets in free space and at medium planar interfaces are discussed.

  3. A static axisymmetric exact solution of f(R)-gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutierrez-Pineres, Antonio C., E-mail: acgutierrez@correo.nucleares.unam.mx [Facultad de Ciencias Basicas, Universidad Tecnologica de Bolivar, CO 131001 Cartagena de Indias (Colombia); Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A.P. 70-543, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Lopez-Monsalvo, Cesar S., E-mail: cesar.slm@correo.nucleares.unam.mx [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A.P. 70-543, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2013-01-29

    We present an exact, axially symmetric, static, vacuum solution for f(R)-gravity in Weyl's canonical coordinates. We obtain a general explicit expression for the dependence of df(R)/dR upon the r and z coordinates and then the corresponding explicit form of f(R), which must be consistent with the field equations. We analyze in detail the modified Schwarzschild solution in prolate spheroidal coordinates. Finally, we study the curvature invariants and show that, in the case of f(R){ne}R, this solution corresponds to a naked singularity.

  4. The Problem of Understanding of Nature in Exact Science

    OpenAIRE

    Leo Näpinen

    2014-01-01

    In this short inquiry I would like to defend the statement that exact science deals with the explanation of models, but not with the understanding (comprehending) of nature. By the word ‘nature’ I mean nature as physis (as a self-moving and self-developing living organism to which humans also belong), not nature as natura naturata (as a nonevolving creature created by someone or something). The Estonian philosopher of science Rein Vihalemm (2008) has shown with his conception of phi-scienc...

  5. A class of exact classical solutions to string theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coley, A A

    2002-12-31

    We show that the recently obtained class of spacetimes for which all of the scalar curvature invariants vanish (which can be regarded as generalizations of pp-wave spacetimes) are exact solutions in string theory to all perturbative orders in the string tension scale. As a result the spectrum of the theory can be explicitly obtained, and these spacetimes are expected to provide some hints for the study of superstrings on more general backgrounds. Since these Lorentzian spacetimes suffer no quantum corrections to all loop orders they may also offer insights into quantum gravity.

  6. Exact Regenerating Codes for Byzantine Fault Tolerance in Distributed Storage

    CERN Document Server

    Han, Yunghsiang S; Mow, Wai Ho

    2011-01-01

    Due to the use of commodity software and hardware, crash-stop and Byzantine failures are likely to be more prevalent in today's large-scale distributed storage systems. Regenerating codes have been shown to be a more efficient way to disperse information across multiple nodes and recover crash-stop failures in the literature. In this paper, we present the design of regeneration codes in conjunction with integrity check that allows exact regeneration of failed nodes and data reconstruction in presence of Byzantine failures. A progressive decoding mechanism is incorporated in both procedures to leverage computation performed thus far. The fault-tolerance and security properties of the schemes are also analyzed.

  7. Towards an exact factorization of the molecular wave function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parashar, Shubham; Sajeev, Y.; Ghosh, Swapan K.

    2015-10-01

    An exact single-product factorisation of the molecular wave function for the timedependent Schrödinger equation is investigated by using an ansatz involving a phase factor. By using the Frenkel variational method, we obtain the Schrödinger equations for the electronic and nuclear wave functions. The concept of a potential energy surface (PES) is retained by introducing a modified Hamiltonian as suggested earlier by Cederbaum. The parameter ω in the phase factor is chosen such that the equations of motion retain the physically appealing Born- Oppenheimer-like form, and is therefore unique.

  8. Approximating the exact value of an American option

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Herzel

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available An American option is a derivative security that can be exercised at any time before expiration. Under standard hypotheses it can be shown that its arbitrage-free price is the solution of an optimal stopping problem. Usually, if the underlying asset follows a diffusion, the stopping time problem does not have a closed form solution. Therefore, discrete time models have been proposed to determine an approximated solution. I formulate some conditions on the discrete process to insure convergence of the approximations to the exact value. I also show how to apply such conditions to check the correctness of some of the most popular discretization schemes.

  9. Exact partition functions for gauge theories on Rλ3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Christophe Wallet

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The noncommutative space Rλ3, a deformation of R3, supports a 3-parameter family of gauge theory models with gauge-invariant harmonic term, stable vacuum and which are perturbatively finite to all orders. Properties of this family are discussed. The partition function factorizes as an infinite product of reduced partition functions, each one corresponding to the reduced gauge theory on one of the fuzzy spheres entering the decomposition of Rλ3. For a particular sub-family of gauge theories, each reduced partition function is exactly expressible as a ratio of determinants. A relation with integrable 2-D Toda lattice hierarchy is indicated.

  10. Exact solutions to relativistic singular fractional power potentials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agboola, Davids; Zhang, Yao-Zhong

    2013-12-01

    We present (exact) solutions of the Dirac equation with equally mixed interactions for a single fermion bounded by the family of fractional power singular potentials. Closed-form expressions as well as numerical values for the energies were obtained. The wave functions and the allowed values of the potential parameters for the first two members of the family are obtained in terms of a set of algebraic equations. The non-relativistic limit is also discussed and using the Hellmann-Feynmann theorem, some useful expectation values are obtained.

  11. Mass Deformed Exact S-parameter in Conformal Theories

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sannino, Francesco

    2010-01-01

    the existence of a universal lower bound on the opportunely normalized S parameter and explore its theoretical and phenomenological implications. Our exact results constitute an ideal framework to correctly interpret the lattice studies of the conformal window of strongly interacting theories....... leads to drastically different limiting values of S. Our results apply to any fermion matter representation and can be used as benchmark for the determination of certain relevant properties of the conformal window of any generic vector like gauge theory with fermionic matter. We finally suggest...

  12. Exact Modeling of Cardiovascular System Using Lumped Method

    CERN Document Server

    Ghasemalizadeh, Omid; Firoozabadi, Bahar; Hassani, Kamran

    2014-01-01

    Electrical analogy (Lumped method) is an easy way to model human cardiovascular system. In this paper Lumped method is used for simulating a complete model. It describes a 36-vessel model and cardiac system of human body with details that could show hydrodynamic parameters of cardiovascular system. Also this paper includes modeling of pulmonary, atrium, left and right ventricles with their equivalent circuits. Exact modeling of right and left ventricles pressure increases the accuracy of our simulation. In this paper we show that a calculated pressure for aorta from our complex circuit is near to measured pressure by using advanced medical instruments.

  13. Visual Analytics 101

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scholtz, Jean; Burtner, Edwin R.; Cook, Kristin A.

    2016-06-13

    This course will introduce the field of Visual Analytics to HCI researchers and practitioners highlighting the contributions they can make to this field. Topics will include a definition of visual analytics along with examples of current systems, types of tasks and end users, issues in defining user requirements, design of visualizations and interactions, guidelines and heuristics, the current state of user-centered evaluations, and metrics for evaluation. We encourage designers, HCI researchers, and HCI practitioners to attend to learn how their skills can contribute to advancing the state of the art of visual analytics

  14. Google analytics integrations

    CERN Document Server

    Waisberg, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    A roadmap for turning Google Analytics into a centralized marketing analysis platform With Google Analytics Integrations, expert author Daniel Waisberg shows you how to gain a more meaningful, complete view of customers that can drive growth opportunities. This in-depth guide shows not only how to use Google Analytics, but also how to turn this powerful data collection and analysis tool into a central marketing analysis platform for your company. Taking a hands-on approach, this resource explores the integration and analysis of a host of common data sources, including Google AdWords, AdSens

  15. Exact Solutions of Rayleigh-Stokes Problem for Heated Generalized Maxwell Fluid in a Porous Half-Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Changfeng Xue

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The Rayleigh-Stokes problem for a generalized Maxwell fluid in a porous half-space with a heated flat plate is investigated. For the description of such a viscoelastic fluid, a fractional calculus approach in the constitutive relationship model is used. By using the Fourier sine transform and the fractional Laplace transform, exact solutions of the velocity and the temperature are obtained. Some classical results can be regarded as particular cases of our results, such as the classical solutions of the first problem of Stokes for Newtonian viscous fluids, Maxwell fluids, and Maxwell fluids in a porous half-space.

  16. Ignoring Grounded Description

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barney G. Glaser, PhD, Hon. PhD

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Why is there so much grounded description? The simplest, direct answer is that to many a researcher this is GT. This view is supported by several factors. It is easy and natural to describe accurately. So slipping into grounded description comes naturally and is ok as GT. Also departmental support for description is strongly supported by perspective and academic rewards and history and routine QDA. Also many researchers and readers of research cannot conceptualize very well if at all. They want accurate description about the data in the study. They are not into taking a core category as a general category applicable to general implications applicable to much data elsewhere. Their study is about explaining processes the data, NOT in studying the implications of core and sub-core categories as they are integrated into an explanatory theory. I trust the reader can think of other sources of letting GT research slip into conceptual description.

  17. Opportunity and Challenges for Migrating Big Data Analytics in Cloud

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amitkumar Manekar, S.; Pradeepini, G., Dr.

    2017-08-01

    Big Data Analytics is a big word now days. As per demanding and more scalable process data generation capabilities, data acquisition and storage become a crucial issue. Cloud storage is a majorly usable platform; the technology will become crucial to executives handling data powered by analytics. Now a day’s trend towards “big data-as-a-service” is talked everywhere. On one hand, cloud-based big data analytics exactly tackle in progress issues of scale, speed, and cost. But researchers working to solve security and other real-time problem of big data migration on cloud based platform. This article specially focused on finding possible ways to migrate big data to cloud. Technology which support coherent data migration and possibility of doing big data analytics on cloud platform is demanding in natute for new era of growth. This article also gives information about available technology and techniques for migration of big data in cloud.

  18. Analytical Solutions for Beams Passing Apertures with Sharp Boundaries

    CERN Document Server

    Luz, Eitam; Malomed, Boris A

    2016-01-01

    An approximation is elaborated for the paraxial propagation of diffracted beams, with both one- and two-dimensional cross sections, which are released from apertures with sharp boundaries. The approximation applies to any beam under the condition that the thickness of its edges is much smaller than any other length scale in the beam's initial profile. The approximation can be easily generalized for any beam whose initial profile has several sharp features. Therefore, this method can be used as a tool to investigate the diffraction of beams on complex obstacles. The analytical results are compared to numerical solutions and experimental findings, which demonstrates high accuracy of the approximation. For an initially uniform field confined by sharp boundaries, this solution becomes exact for any propagation distance and any sharpness of the edges. Thus, it can be used as an efficient tool to represent the beams, produced by series of slits with a complex structure, by a simple but exact analytical solution.

  19. Analytical approach to the helium-atom ground state using correlated wavefunctions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhattacharyya, S.; Bhattacharyya, A.; Talukdar, B. [Visvabharati Univ., Santiniketan (India). Dept. of Physics; Deb, N.C. [Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Calcutta (India). Dept. of Theoretical Physics

    1996-03-14

    A realistic three-parameter correlated wavefunction is used to construct an exact analytical expression for the expectation value of the helium-atom Hamiltonian expressed in the interparticle coordinates. The parameters determined variationally are found to satisfy the orbital and correlation cusp conditions to a fair degree of accuracy and yield a value for the ground-state energy which is in good agreement with the exact result. (author).

  20. Analyticity of solutions of singular fractional differential equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kangro, Urve

    2016-06-01

    We study singular fractional differential equations in spaces of analytic functions. We reformulate the equation as a cordial Volterra integral equation of the second kind and use results from the theory of cordial Volterra integral equations. This enables us to obtain conditions under which the equation has a unique analytic solution. Note that the smooth solution in this case is unique without any initial conditions; in fact, giving initial conditions usually results in nonsmooth solution. We also consider approximate solution of these equations and prove exponential convergence of approximate solutions to the exact solution.

  1. Impact of exact exchange in the description of the electronic structure of organic charge-transfer molecular crystals

    KAUST Repository

    Fonari, Alexandr

    2014-10-21

    We evaluate the impact that the amount of nonlocal Hartree-Fock (%HF) exchange included in a hybrid density functional has on the microscopic parameters (transfer integrals, band gaps, bandwidths, and effective masses) describing charge transport in high-mobility organic crystals. We consider both crystals based on a single molecule, such as pentacene, and crystals based on mixed-stack charge-transfer systems, such as dibenzo-TTF–TCNQ. In the pentacene crystal, the band gap decreases and the effective masses increase linearly with an increase in the amount of %HF exchange. In contrast, in the charge-transfer crystals, while the band gap increases linearly, the effective masses vary only slightly with an increase in %HF exchange. We show that the superexchange nature of the electronic couplings in charge-transfer systems is responsible for this peculiar evolution of the effective masses. We compare the density functional theory results with results obtained within the G0W0 approximation as a way of benchmarking the optimal amount of %HF exchange needed in a given functional.

  2. Pesticide Analytical Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesticide manufacturers must develop and submit analytical methods for their pesticide products to support registration of their products under FIFRA. Learn about these methods as well as SOPs for testing of antimicrobial products against three organisms.

  3. Mobility Data Analytics Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Mobility Data Analytics Center aims at building a centralized data engine to efficiently manipulate : large-scale data for smart decision making. Integrating and learning the massive data are the key to : the data engine. The ultimate goal of underst...

  4. Exact coherent structures: from fluid turbulence to cardiac arrhythmias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigoriev, Roman; Marcotte, Christopher; Byrne, Gregory

    2014-03-01

    Ventricular fibrillation, a life threatening cardiac arrhythmia, is an example of spatiotemporally chaotic state dominated by multiple interacting spiral waves. Recent studies of weak fluid turbulence suggest that spatiotemporal chaos in general can be understood as a walk among exact unstable regular solutions (exact coherent states, ECS) of nonlinear evolution equations. Several classes of ECS are believed to play a dominant role; most typically these are equilibria and periodic orbits or relative equilibria and relative periodic orbits for systems with global continuous symmetries. Numerical methods originally developed in the context of fluid turbulence can also be applied to models of cardiac dynamics which possess translational and rotational symmetries and, indeed, allowed us to identify relative equilibria and periodic orbits describing isolated spirals with, respectively, fixed and drifting cores. In order to find regular solutions featuring multiple interacting spirals a new approach is required that takes into consideration the dynamics of slowly drifting cores associated with local, rather than global, symmetries. We describe how local symmetries can be reduced and more general types of ECS computed that dominate spiral wave chaos in models of cardiac tissue.

  5. Exactly Energy Conserving Implicit Moment Particle in Cell Formulation

    CERN Document Server

    Lapenta, Giovanni

    2016-01-01

    We report a new particle in cell (PIC) method based on the implicit moment method (IMM). The novelty of the new method is that unlike any of its predecessors at the same time retains the explicit computational cycle and conserves energy exactly. Recent research has presented fully implicit methods where energy conservation is obtained as part of a non linear iteration procedure. The new method, referred to as Energy Conserving Implicit Moment Method (ECIMM), does not require any non linear iteration and its computational cycle is similar to that of explicit PIC. The properties of then new method are: i) it conserves energy exactly to round-off for any time step or grid spacing; ii) it is unconditionally stable in time, freeing the user from the need to resolve the electron plasma frequency and allowing the user to select any desired time step; iii) it eliminates the constraint of the finite grid instability, allowing the user to select any desired resolution without being forced to resolve the Debye length. T...

  6. Exactly solvable PT-symmetric Hamiltonian having no Hermitian counterpart

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, Carl M.; Mannheim, Philip D.

    2008-07-01

    In a recent paper Bender and Mannheim showed that the unequal-frequency fourth-order derivative Pais-Uhlenbeck oscillator model has a realization in which the energy eigenvalues are real and bounded below, the Hilbert-space inner product is positive definite, and time evolution is unitary. Central to that analysis was the recognition that the Hamiltonian HPU of the model is PT symmetric. This Hamiltonian was mapped to a conventional Dirac-Hermitian Hamiltonian via a similarity transformation whose form was found exactly. The present paper explores the equal-frequency limit of the same model. It is shown that in this limit the similarity transform that was used for the unequal-frequency case becomes singular and that HPU becomes a Jordan-block operator, which is nondiagonalizable and has fewer energy eigenstates than eigenvalues. Such a Hamiltonian has no Hermitian counterpart. Thus, the equal-frequency PT theory emerges as a distinct realization of quantum mechanics. The quantum mechanics associated with this Jordan-block Hamiltonian can be treated exactly. It is shown that the Hilbert space is complete with a set of nonstationary solutions to the Schrödinger equation replacing the missing stationary ones. These nonstationary states are needed to establish that the Jordan-block Hamiltonian of the equal-frequency Pais-Uhlenbeck model generates unitary time evolution.

  7. On spherical dust fluctuations: the exact vs. the perturbative approach

    CERN Document Server

    Sussman, Roberto A; Dunsby, Peter K S; German, Gabriel

    2014-01-01

    We examine the relation between the dynamics of Lema\\^{\\i}tre-Tolman-Bondi (LTB) dust models (with and without $\\Lambda$) and the dynamics of dust perturbations in two of the more familiar formalisms used in cosmology: the metric based Cosmological Perturbation Theory (CPT) and the Covariant Gauge Invariant (GIC) perturbations. For this purpose we recast the evolution of LTB models in terms of a covariant and gauge invariant formalism of local and non-local "exact fluctuations " on a Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) background defined by suitable averages of covariant scalars. We examine the properties of these fluctuations, which can be defined for a confined comoving domain or for an asymptotic domain extending to whole time slices. In particular, the non-local density fluctuation provides a covariant and precise definition for the notion of the "density contrast ". We show that in their linear regime these LTB exact fluctuations (local and non-local) are fully equivalent to the conventional ...

  8. Visualizing Exact and Approximated 3D Empirical Attainment Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tea Tušar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Most real-world engineering optimization problems are inherently multiobjective, for example, searching for trade-off solutions of high quality and low cost. As no single optimal solution exists for such problems, multiobjective optimizers provide sets of optimal (or near-optimal trade-off solutions to choose from. The empirical attainment function (EAF is a powerful tool that can be used to analyze and compare the performance of these optimizers. While the visualization of EAFs is rather straightforward in two objectives, the three-objective case presents a great challenge as we need to visualize a large number of 3D cuboids. This paper addresses the visualization of exact as well as approximated 3D EAF values and differences in these values provided by two competing multiobjective optimizers. We show that the exact EAFs can be visualized using slicing and maximum intensity projection (MIP, while the approximated EAFs can be visualized using slicing, MIP, and direct volume rendering. In addition, the paper demonstrates the use of the proposed visualization techniques on a steel casting optimization problem.

  9. Exact complexity: The spectral decomposition of intrinsic computation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crutchfield, James P., E-mail: chaos@ucdavis.edu [Complexity Sciences Center and Department of Physics, University of California at Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); Ellison, Christopher J., E-mail: cellison@wisc.edu [Center for Complexity and Collective Computation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Riechers, Paul M., E-mail: pmriechers@ucdavis.edu [Complexity Sciences Center and Department of Physics, University of California at Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)

    2016-03-06

    We give exact formulae for a wide family of complexity measures that capture the organization of hidden nonlinear processes. The spectral decomposition of operator-valued functions leads to closed-form expressions involving the full eigenvalue spectrum of the mixed-state presentation of a process's ϵ-machine causal-state dynamic. Measures include correlation functions, power spectra, past-future mutual information, transient and synchronization informations, and many others. As a result, a direct and complete analysis of intrinsic computation is now available for the temporal organization of finitary hidden Markov models and nonlinear dynamical systems with generating partitions and for the spatial organization in one-dimensional systems, including spin systems, cellular automata, and complex materials via chaotic crystallography. - Highlights: • We provide exact, closed-form expressions for a hidden stationary process' intrinsic computation. • These include information measures such as the excess entropy, transient information, and synchronization information and the entropy-rate finite-length approximations. • The method uses an epsilon-machine's mixed-state presentation. • The spectral decomposition of the mixed-state presentation relies on the recent development of meromorphic functional calculus for nondiagonalizable operators.

  10. Semiclassical versus exact quantization of the Sinh-Gordon model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grossehelweg, Juliane

    2009-12-15

    In this work we investigate the semiclassics of the Sinh-Gordon model. The Sinh-Gordon model is integrable, its explicit solutions of the classical and the quantum model are well known. This allows for a comprehensive investigation of the semiclassical quantization of the classical model as well as of the semiclassical limit of the exact quantum solution. Semiclassical means in this case that the key objects of quantum theory are constructed as formal power series. A quantity playing an important role in the quantum theory is the Q-function. The purpose of this work is to investigate to what extend the classical integrability of the model admits of a construction of the semiclassical expansion of the Q-function. Therefore we used two conceptual independent approaches. In the one approach we start from the exact nonperturbative solution of the quantum model and calculate the semiclassical limit up to the next to leading order. Thereby we found the spectral curve, as well as the semiclassical expansion of the Q-function and of the eigenvalue of the monodromy matrix. In the other approach we constructed the first two orders of the semiclassical expansion of the Q-function, starting from the classical solution theory. The results of both approaches coincide. (orig.)

  11. Intermediate algebra & analytic geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Gondin, William R

    1967-01-01

    Intermediate Algebra & Analytic Geometry Made Simple focuses on the principles, processes, calculations, and methodologies involved in intermediate algebra and analytic geometry. The publication first offers information on linear equations in two unknowns and variables, functions, and graphs. Discussions focus on graphic interpretations, explicit and implicit functions, first quadrant graphs, variables and functions, determinate and indeterminate systems, independent and dependent equations, and defective and redundant systems. The text then examines quadratic equations in one variable, system

  12. Learning analytics in education

    OpenAIRE

    Štrukelj, Tajda

    2015-01-01

    Learning analytics is a young field in computer supported learning, which could have a great impact on education in the future. It is a set of analytical tools which measure, collect, analyze and report about students' data for the purpose of understanding and optimizing students' learning and environments in which this learning occurs. Today, more and more learning related activities are placed on the web. Teachers are creating virtual learning environments (VLE), in which a great set of...

  13. Quasi-integrable non-linear Schrödinger models, infinite towers of exactly conserved charges and bright solitons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blas, H.; do Bonfim, A. C. R.; Vilela, A. M.

    2017-05-01

    Deformations of the focusing non-linear Schrödinger model (NLS) are considered in the context of the quasi-integrability concept. We strengthen the results of JHEP 09 (2012) 103 for bright soliton collisions. We addressed the focusing NLS as a complement to the one in JHEP 03 (2016) 005 , in which the modified defocusing NLS models with dark solitons were shown to exhibit an infinite tower of exactly conserved charges. We show, by means of analytical and numerical methods, that for certain two-bright-soliton solutions, in which the modulus and phase of the complex modified NLS field exhibit even parities under a space-reflection symmetry, the first four and the sequence of even order charges are exactly conserved during the scattering process of the solitons. We perform extensive numerical simulations and consider the bright solitons with deformed potential V=2η /2+\\upepsilon{({|ψ |}^2)}^{2+\\upepsilon},\\upepsilon \\in \\mathbb{R},η parity we also show numerically the vanishing of the first non-trivial anomaly and the exact conservation of the relevant charge. So, the parity symmetry seems to be a sufficient but not a necessary condition for the existence of the infinite tower of conserved charges. The model supports elastic scattering of solitons for a wide range of values of the amplitudes and velocities and the set { η, ɛ}. Since the NLS equation is ubiquitous, our results may find potential applications in several areas of non-linear science.

  14. SRL online Analytical Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenkins, C.W.

    1991-01-01

    The Savannah River Site is operated by the Westinghouse Savannah River Co. for the Department of Energy to produce special nuclear materials for defense. R D support for site programs is provided by the Savannah River Laboratory, which I represent. The site is known primarily for its nuclear reactors, but actually three fourths of the efforts at the site are devoted to fuel/target fabrication, fuel/target reprocessing, and waste management. All of these operations rely heavily on chemical processes. The site is therefore a large chemical plant. There are then many potential applications for process analytical chemistry at SRS. The Savannah River Laboratory (SRL) has an Analytical Development Section of roughly 65 personnel that perform analyses for R D efforts at the lab, act as backup to the site Analytical Laboratories Department and develop analytical methods and instruments. I manage a subgroup of the Analytical Development Section called the Process Control Analyzer Development Group. The Prime mission of this group is to develop online/at-line analytical systems for site applications.

  15. SRL online Analytical Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenkins, C.W.

    1991-12-31

    The Savannah River Site is operated by the Westinghouse Savannah River Co. for the Department of Energy to produce special nuclear materials for defense. R&D support for site programs is provided by the Savannah River Laboratory, which I represent. The site is known primarily for its nuclear reactors, but actually three fourths of the efforts at the site are devoted to fuel/target fabrication, fuel/target reprocessing, and waste management. All of these operations rely heavily on chemical processes. The site is therefore a large chemical plant. There are then many potential applications for process analytical chemistry at SRS. The Savannah River Laboratory (SRL) has an Analytical Development Section of roughly 65 personnel that perform analyses for R&D efforts at the lab, act as backup to the site Analytical Laboratories Department and develop analytical methods and instruments. I manage a subgroup of the Analytical Development Section called the Process Control & Analyzer Development Group. The Prime mission of this group is to develop online/at-line analytical systems for site applications.

  16. ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY OF ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Within the scope of a number of emerging contaminant issues in environmental analysis, one area that has received a great deal of public interest has been the assessment of the role of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) as stressors and agents of change in ecosystems as well as their role in unplanned human exposure. The relationship between personal actions and the occurrence of PPCPs in the environment is clear-cut and comprehensible to the public. In this overview, we attempt to examine the separations aspect of the analytical approach to the vast array of potential analytes among this class of compounds. We also highlight the relationship between these compounds and endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) and between PPCPs and EDCs and the more traditional environmental analytes such as the persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Although the spectrum of chemical behavior extends from hydrophobic to hydrophilic, the current focus has shifted to moderately and highly polar analytes. Thus, emphasis on HPLC and LC/MS has grown and MS/MS has become a detection technique of choice with either electrospray ionization or atmospheric pressure chemical ionization. This contrasts markedly with the bench mark approach of capillary GC, GC/MS and electron ionization in traditional environmental analysis. The expansion of the analyte list has fostered new vigor in the development of environmental analytical chemistry, modernized the range of tools appli

  17. On Meanings and Descriptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mieke Bal

    1981-09-01

    Full Text Available Although descriptive passages would appear to be of marginal importance in narrative texts, they are, in fact, of both logical and semantic necessity. Narratology, therefore, must take these segments into account. In this article, I shall survey the present situation in this field and compare rival points of view. I shall also offer several suggestions for analyzing descriptions. The following topics will be discussed: the nature of description as a specific type of discourse which makes it recognizable as such; the internal structure of description; the place and function of descriptions in the text as a whole. In the latter section, the semantic impact of descriptions in the overall meaning of narrative texts will be accounted for. This article is intended as a contribution to the theory of description as a part of narratology. It also has a didactic purpose, since it proposes a model for the analysis of texts which can be used for systematic text-study, both in a historical and a comparative perspective.

  18. Open Coding Descriptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barney G. Glaser, PhD, Hon PhD

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Open coding is a big source of descriptions that must be managed and controlled when doing GT research. The goal of generating a GT is to generate an emergent set of concepts and their properties that fit and work with relevancy to be integrated into a theory. To achieve this goal, the researcher begins his research with open coding, that is coding all his data in every possible way. The consequence of this open coding is a multitude of descriptions for possible concepts that often do not fit in the emerging theory. Thus in this case the researcher ends up with many irrelevant descriptions for concepts that do not apply. To dwell on descriptions for inapplicable concepts ruins the GT theory as it starts. It is hard to stop. Confusion easily sets in. Switching the study to a QDA is a simple rescue. Rigorous focusing on emerging concepts is vital before being lost in open coding descriptions. It is important, no matter how interesting the description may become. Once a core is possible, selective coding can start which will help control against being lost in multiple descriptions.

  19. An exact calculation of the N2+ and H2+ influx at cathode surface in N2–H2 discharges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.S. Suraj

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available An exact calculation of N2+ and H2+ influx, at cathode surface in N2–H2 discharge, has been derived using electron impact ionization cross-section at plasma sheath boundary. The analytical formula is very convenient in practical applications. Through the analysis of experimental parameters for glow discharge plasma nitriding, the formula explains, why treatment in an N2–H2 mixture with H2 percentage ∼70% gives most enhanced result.

  20. Croatian Analytical Terminology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kastelan-Macan; M.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Results of analytical research are necessary in all human activities. They are inevitable in making decisions in the environmental chemistry, agriculture, forestry, veterinary medicine, pharmaceutical industry, and biochemistry. Without analytical measurements the quality of materials and products cannot be assessed, so that analytical chemistry is an essential part of technical sciences and disciplines.The language of Croatian science, and analytical chemistry within it, was one of the goals of our predecessors. Due to the political situation, they did not succeed entirely, but for the scientists in independent Croatia this is a duty, because language is one of the most important features of the Croatian identity. The awareness of the need to introduce Croatian terminology was systematically developed in the second half of the 19th century, along with the founding of scientific societies and the wish of scientists to write their scientific works in Croatian, so that the results of their research may be applied in economy. Many authors of textbooks from the 19th and the first half of the 20th century contributed to Croatian analytical terminology (F. Rački, B. Šulek, P. Žulić, G. Pexidr, J. Domac, G. Janeček , F. Bubanović, V. Njegovan and others. M. DeŢelić published the first systematic chemical terminology in 1940, adjusted to the IUPAC recommendations. In the second half of 20th century textbooks in classic analytical chemistry were written by V. Marjanović-Krajovan, M. Gyiketta-Ogrizek, S. Žilić and others. I. Filipović wrote the General and Inorganic Chemistry textbook and the Laboratory Handbook (in collaboration with P. Sabioncello and contributed greatly to establishing the terminology in instrumental analytical methods.The source of Croatian nomenclature in modern analytical chemistry today are translated textbooks by Skoog, West and Holler, as well as by Günnzler i Gremlich, and original textbooks by S. Turina, Z.

  1. Statistical mechanics of /2+1 gravity from Riemann zeta function and Alexander polynomial: exact results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kholodenko, A. L.

    2001-05-01

    In the recent publication [J. Geom. Phys. 33 (2000) 23], we have demonstrated that dynamics of /2+1 gravity can be described in terms of train tracks. Train tracks were introduced by Thurston in connection with description of dynamics of surface automorphisms. In this work, we provide an example of utilization of general formalism developed earlier. The complete exact solution of the model problem describing equilibrium dynamics of train tracks on the punctured torus is obtained. Being guided by similarities between the dynamics of two-dimensional liquid crystals and /2+1 gravity the partition function for gravity is mapped into that for the Farey spin chain. The Farey spin chain partition function, fortunately, is known exactly and has been thoroughly investigated recently. Accordingly, the transition between the pseudo-Anosov and the periodic dynamic regime (in Thurston's terminology) in the case of gravity is being reinterpreted in terms of phase transitions in the Farey spin chain whose partition function is just the ratio of two Riemann zeta functions. The mapping into the spin chain is facilitated by recognition of a special role of the Alexander polynomial for knots/links in study of dynamics of self-homeomorphisms of surfaces. At the end of paper, using some facts from the theory of arithmetic hyperbolic 3-manifolds (initiated by Bianchi in 1892), we develop systematic extension of the obtained results to noncompact Riemann surfaces of higher genus. Some of the obtained results are also useful for /3+1 gravity. In particular, using the theorem of Margulis, we provide new reasons for the black hole existence in the Universe: black holes make our Universe arithmetic, i.e. the discrete Lie groups of motion are arithmetic.

  2. Exactly energy conserving semi-implicit particle in cell formulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lapenta, Giovanni, E-mail: giovanni.lapenta@kuleuven.be

    2017-04-01

    We report a new particle in cell (PIC) method based on the semi-implicit approach. The novelty of the new method is that unlike any of its semi-implicit predecessors at the same time it retains the explicit computational cycle and conserves energy exactly. Recent research has presented fully implicit methods where energy conservation is obtained as part of a non-linear iteration procedure. The new method (referred to as Energy Conserving Semi-Implicit Method, ECSIM), instead, does not require any non-linear iteration and its computational cycle is similar to that of explicit PIC. The properties of the new method are: i) it conserves energy exactly to round-off for any time step or grid spacing; ii) it is unconditionally stable in time, freeing the user from the need to resolve the electron plasma frequency and allowing the user to select any desired time step; iii) it eliminates the constraint of the finite grid instability, allowing the user to select any desired resolution without being forced to resolve the Debye length; iv) the particle mover has a computational complexity identical to that of the explicit PIC, only the field solver has an increased computational cost. The new ECSIM is tested in a number of benchmarks where accuracy and computational performance are tested. - Highlights: • We present a new fully energy conserving semi-implicit particle in cell (PIC) method based on the implicit moment method (IMM). The new method is called Energy Conserving Implicit Moment Method (ECIMM). • The novelty of the new method is that unlike any of its predecessors at the same time it retains the explicit computational cycle and conserves energy exactly. • The new method is unconditionally stable in time, freeing the user from the need to resolve the electron plasma frequency. • The new method eliminates the constraint of the finite grid instability, allowing the user to select any desired resolution without being forced to resolve the Debye length. • These

  3. Conformal invariance and new exact solutions of the elastostatics equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chirkunov, Yu. A.

    2017-03-01

    We fulfilled a group foliation of the system of n-dimensional (n ≥ 2) Lame equations of the classical static theory of elasticity with respect to the infinite subgroup contained in normal subgroup of main group of this system. It permitted us to move from the Lame equations to the equivalent unification of two first-order systems: automorphic and resolving. We obtained a general solution of the automorphic system. This solution is an n-dimensional analogue of the Kolosov-Muskhelishvili formula. We found the main Lie group of transformations of the resolving system of this group foliation. It turned out that in the two-dimensional and three-dimensional cases, which have a physical meaning, this system is conformally invariant, while the Lame equations admit only a group of similarities of the Euclidean space. This is a big success, since in the method of group foliation, resolving equations usually inherit Lie symmetries subgroup of the full symmetry group that was not used for the foliation. In the three-dimensional case for the solutions of the resolving system, we found the general form of the transformations similar to the Kelvin transformation. These transformations are the consequence of the conformal invariance of the resolving system. In the three-dimensional case with a help of the complex dependent and independent variables, the resolving system is written as a simple complex system. This allowed us to find non-trivial exact solutions of the Lame equations, which direct for the Lame equations practically impossible to obtain. For this complex system, all the essentially distinct invariant solutions of the maximal rank we have found in explicit form, or we reduced the finding of those solutions to the solving of the classical one-dimensional equations of the mathematical physics: the heat equation, the telegraph equation, the Tricomi equation, the generalized Darboux equation, and other equations. For the resolving system, we obtained double wave of a

  4. Description of vegetation types

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document provides descriptions of five vegetation types found in Iowa- oak savannah, mature hardwoods, floodplain woods, scrub woods, and riparian woods. Oak...

  5. Information theory in analytical chemistry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Eckschlager, Karel; Danzer, Klaus

    1994-01-01

    Contents: The aim of analytical chemistry - Basic concepts of information theory - Identification of components - Qualitative analysis - Quantitative analysis - Multicomponent analysis - Optimum analytical...

  6. Exact Thermal Analysis of Functionally Graded Cylindrical and Spherical Vessels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vebil Yıldırım

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Thermal analyses of radially functionally graded (FG thick-walled a spherical vessel and an infinite cylindrical vessel or a circular annulus are conducted analytically by the steady-state 1-D Fourier heat conduction theory under Dirichlet’s boundary conditions. By employing simple-power material grading pattern the differential equations are obtained in the form of Euler-Cauchy types. Analytical solution of the differential equations gives the temperature field and the heat flux distribution in the radial direction in a closed form. Three different physical metal-ceramic pairs first considered to study the effect of the aspect ratio, which is defined as the inner radius to the outer radius of the structure, on the temperature and heat flux variation along the radial coordinate. Then a parametric study is performed with hypothetic inhomogeneity indexes for varying aspect ratios.

  7. Dichotomous Markov Noise:. Exact Results for Out-Of Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bena, Ioana

    Nonequilibrium systems driven by additive or multiplicative dichotomous Markov noise appear in a wide variety of physical and mathematical models. We review here some prototypical examples, with an emphasis on analytically-solvable situations. In particular, it has escaped attention till recently that the standard results for the long-time properties of such systems cannot be applied when unstable fixed points are crossed in the asymptotic regime. We show how calculations have to be modified to deal with these cases and present a few relevant applications — the hypersensitive transport, the rocking ratchet, and the stochastic Stokes' drift. These results reinforce the impression that dichotomous noise can be put on par with Gaussian white noise as far as obtaining analytical results is concerned. They convincingly illustrate the interplay between noise and nonlinearity in generating nontrivial behaviors of nonequilibrium systems and point to various practical applications.

  8. Free quantum motion exactly equals sub-quantum ballistic diffusion

    CERN Document Server

    Groessing, Gerhard; Pascasio, Johannes Mesa; Schwabl, Herbert

    2010-01-01

    By modelling quantum systems with the aid of (classical) non-equilibrium thermodynamics, the quantum mechanical "decay of the wave packet" is shown to simply result from sub-quantum diffusion with a specific diffusion coefficient varying in time due to a particle's changing thermal environment. It is thereby proven that free quantum motion strictly equals ballistic diffusion on the sub-quantum level. The exact quantum mechanical trajectory distributions and the velocity field of the Gaussian wave packet are thus derived solely from classical physics. Moreover, also quantum motion in a linear (e.g., gravitational) potential is shown to equal said sub-quantum ballistic diffusion. Quantitative statements on the trajectories' characteristic behaviour are obtained which cannot be formulated in any other existing model for quantum systems.

  9. Benchmarking GW against exact diagonalization for semiempirical models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaasbjerg, Kristen; Thygesen, Kristian Sommer

    2010-01-01

    captures around 65% of the ground-state correlation energy. The lowest lying excitations are overscreened by GW leading to an underestimation of electron affinities and ionization potentials by 0.15 eV on average corresponding to ∼3%. One-shot G0W0 calculations starting from Hartree-Fock reduce...... the screening and improve the low-lying excitation energies. The effect of the GW self-energy on the molecular excitation energies is shown to be similar to the inclusion of final-state relaxations in Hartree-Fock theory. We discuss the breakdown of the GW approximation in systems with short-range interactions...... (Hubbard models) where correlation effects dominate over screening/relaxation effects. Finally we illustrate the important role of the derivative discontinuity of the true exchange-correlation functional by computing the exact Kohn-Sham levels of benzene....

  10. Mathematics of epidemics on networks from exact to approximate models

    CERN Document Server

    Kiss, István Z; Simon, Péter L

    2017-01-01

    This textbook provides an exciting new addition to the area of network science featuring a stronger and more methodical link of models to their mathematical origin and explains how these relate to each other with special focus on epidemic spread on networks. The content of the book is at the interface of graph theory, stochastic processes and dynamical systems. The authors set out to make a significant contribution to closing the gap between model development and the supporting mathematics. This is done by: Summarising and presenting the state-of-the-art in modeling epidemics on networks with results and readily usable models signposted throughout the book; Presenting different mathematical approaches to formulate exact and solvable models; Identifying the concrete links between approximate models and their rigorous mathematical representation; Presenting a model hierarchy and clearly highlighting the links between model assumptions and model complexity; Providing a reference source for advanced undergraduate...

  11. An exact "Tour de France" passes through CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

    In August 2011, the renowned French mountaineer Lionel Daudet set off from Mont Blanc on a "Tour de la France exacte",  strictly following the 5,000 km of land borders and coastline without using a single motorised vehicle. And about a week into his expedition, the French border led him… to CERN of course… where he described his experience as out of the ordinary.   Lionel Daudet at one of the posts marking the French border in Meyrin (next to the Linac 4 building).  The words "out of the ordinary" are not used lightly by a man who has scaled France's highest peaks in extreme conditions and conquered the world's greatest climbs (mainly solo), from Alaska to Patagonia. "I had never visited a physics lab before today," confesses Lionel Daudet, sitting at a table in the CERN cafeteria. "You get the feeling that knowledge is being built here. When I crossed this particular border...

  12. Chiral Exact Relations for Helicities in Hall Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence

    CERN Document Server

    Banerjee, Supratik

    2016-01-01

    Besides total energy, three-dimensional incompressible Hall magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) possesses two inviscid invariants which are the magnetic helicity and the generalized helicity. New exact relations are derived for homogeneous (non-isotropic) stationary Hall MHD turbulence (and also for its inertialess electron MHD limit) with non-zero helicities and in the asymptotic limit of large Reynolds numbers. The universal laws are written only in terms of mixed second-order structure functions, i.e. the scalar product of two different increments. It provides, therefore, a direct measurement of the dissipation rates for the corresponding invariant flux. This study shows that the generalized helicity cascade is strongly linked to the left polarized fluctuations while the magnetic helicity cascade is linked to the right polarized fluctuations.

  13. Analyse pire cas exact du réseau AFDX

    OpenAIRE

    Adnan, Muhammad

    2013-01-01

    L'objectif principal de cette thèse est de proposer les méthodes permettant d'obtenir le délai de transmission de bout en bout pire cas exact d'un réseau AFDX. Actuellement, seules des bornes supérieures pessimistes peuvent être calculées en utilisant les approches de type Calcul Réseau ou par Trajectoires. Pour cet objectif, différentes approches et outils existent et ont été analysées dans le contexte de cette thèse. Cette analyse a mis en évidence le besoin de nouvelles approches. Dans un ...

  14. Precise orbit computation for the Geosat Exact Repeat Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haines, Bruce J.; Born, George H.; Rosborough, George W.; Marsh, James G.; Williamson, Ronald G.

    1990-03-01

    Results are reported from an extensive investigation of orbit-determination strategies for the Geosat Exact Repeat Mission (ERM). The goal is to establish optimum geodetic parameters and procedures for the computation of the most accurate Geosat orbits possible and to apply these procedures for routine computation during the ERM for the following purposes: (1) to enhance the value of the Geosat oceanographic investigations by providing the user community with improved ephemerides, (2) to develop orbit determination techniques for the upcoming altimetric mission Topex/Poseidon, and (3) to assess the radial orbit accuracy obtainable with recently developed gravity models. To this end, ephemerides for the entire first year of the ERM have been computed using the GEODYN II orbit program on the Cyber 205 supercomputer system at the NASA Goddard.

  15. Exact Score Distribution Computation for Similarity Searches in Ontologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, Marcel H.; Köhler, Sebastian; Bauer, Sebastian; Vingron, Martin; Robinson, Peter N.

    Semantic similarity searches in ontologies are an important component of many bioinformatic algorithms, e.g., protein function prediction with the Gene Ontology. In this paper we consider the exact computation of score distributions for similarity searches in ontologies, and introduce a simple null hypothesis which can be used to compute a P-value for the statistical significance of similarity scores. We concentrate on measures based on Resnik’s definition of ontological similarity. A new algorithm is proposed that collapses subgraphs of the ontology graph and thereby allows fast score distribution computation. The new algorithm is several orders of magnitude faster than the naive approach, as we demonstrate by computing score distributions for similarity searches in the Human Phenotype Ontology.

  16. Exact confidence intervals for channelized Hotelling observer performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wunderlich, Adam; Noo, Frederic; Heilbrun, Marta

    2013-03-01

    Task-based assessments of image quality constitute a rigorous, principled approach to the evaluation of imaging system performance. To conduct such assessments, it has been recognized that mathematical model observers are very useful, particularly for purposes of imaging system development and optimization. One type of model observer that has been widely applied in the medical imaging community is the channelized Hotelling observer (CHO). In the present work, we address the need for reliable confidence interval estimators of CHO performance. Specifically, we observe that a procedure proposed by Reiser for interval estimation of the Mahalanobis distance can be applied to obtain confidence intervals for CHO performance. In addition, we find that these intervals are well-defined with theoretically-exact coverage probabilities, which is a new result not proved by Reiser. The confidence intervals are tested with Monte Carlo simulation and demonstrated with an example comparing x-ray CT reconstruction strategies.

  17. Efficient Exact Inference With Loss Augmented Objective in Structured Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, Alexander; Nakajima, Shinichi; Muller, Klaus-Robert

    2016-08-19

    Structural support vector machine (SVM) is an elegant approach for building complex and accurate models with structured outputs. However, its applicability relies on the availability of efficient inference algorithms--the state-of-the-art training algorithms repeatedly perform inference to compute a subgradient or to find the most violating configuration. In this paper, we propose an exact inference algorithm for maximizing nondecomposable objectives due to special type of a high-order potential having a decomposable internal structure. As an important application, our method covers the loss augmented inference, which enables the slack and margin scaling formulations of structural SVM with a variety of dissimilarity measures, e.g., Hamming loss, precision and recall, Fβ-loss, intersection over union, and many other functions that can be efficiently computed from the contingency table. We demonstrate the advantages of our approach in natural language parsing and sequence segmentation applications.

  18. Exact traveling wave solutions for system of nonlinear evolution equations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Kamruzzaman; Akbar, M Ali; Arnous, Ahmed H

    2016-01-01

    In this work, recently deduced generalized Kudryashov method is applied to the variant Boussinesq equations, and the (2 + 1)-dimensional breaking soliton equations. As a result a range of qualitative explicit exact traveling wave solutions are deduced for these equations, which motivates us to develop, in the near future, a new approach to obtain unsteady solutions of autonomous nonlinear evolution equations those arise in mathematical physics and engineering fields. It is uncomplicated to extend this method to higher-order nonlinear evolution equations in mathematical physics. And it should be possible to apply the same method to nonlinear evolution equations having more general forms of nonlinearities by utilizing the traveling wave hypothesis.

  19. Exact supersymmetric string solutions in curved gravitational backgrounds

    CERN Document Server

    Antoniadis, Ignatios; Kounnas, Costas

    1994-01-01

    We construct a new class of exact and stable superstring solutions based on $N=4$ superconformal world-sheet symmetry. In a subclass of these, the full spectrum of string excitations is derived in a modular-invariant way. In the weak curvature limit, our solutions describe a target space with non-trivial metric and topology, and generalize the previously known (semi) wormhole. The effective field theory limit is identified in certain cases, with solutions of the $N=4$ and $N=8$ extended gauged supergravities, in which the number of space-time supersymmetries is reduced by a factor of 2 because of the presence of non-trivial dilaton, gravitational and/or gauge backgrounds. In the context of string theory, our solutions correspond to stable non-critical superstrings in the strong coupling region; the super-Liouville field couples to a unitary matter system with central charge $5\\le{\\hat c}_M\\le 9$.

  20. Mixed Poisson distributions in exact solutions of stochastic autoregulation models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer-Biswas, Srividya; Jayaprakash, C

    2014-11-01

    In this paper we study the interplay between stochastic gene expression and system design using simple stochastic models of autoactivation and autoinhibition. Using the Poisson representation, a technique whose particular usefulness in the context of nonlinear gene regulation models we elucidate, we find exact results for these feedback models in the steady state. Further, we exploit this representation to analyze the parameter spaces of each model, determine which dimensionless combinations of rates are the shape determinants for each distribution, and thus demarcate where in the parameter space qualitatively different behaviors arise. These behaviors include power-law-tailed distributions, bimodal distributions, and sub-Poisson distributions. We also show how these distribution shapes change when the strength of the feedback is tuned. Using our results, we reexamine how well the autoinhibition and autoactivation models serve their conventionally assumed roles as paradigms for noise suppression and noise exploitation, respectively.

  1. Exactness of the Bogoliubov approximation in random external potentials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaeck, Thomas; Zagrebnov, Valentin A.

    2010-12-01

    We investigate the validity of the Bogoliubov c-number approximation in the case of interacting Bose-gas in a homogeneous random media. To take into account the possible occurence of type III generalized Bose-Einstein condensation (i.e., the occurrence of condensation in an infinitesimal band of low kinetic energy modes without macroscopic occupation of any of them) we generalize the c-number substitution procedure to this band of modes with low momentum. We show that, as in the case of the one-mode condensation for translation-invariant interacting systems, this procedure has no effect on the exact value of the pressure in the thermodynamic limit, assuming that the c-numbers are chosen according to a suitable variational principle. We then discuss the relation between these c-numbers and the (total) density of the condensate.

  2. Kinematics of roller chain drives - Exact and approximate analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuglede, Niels; Thomsen, Jon Juel

    2016-01-01

    An exact and approximate kinematic analysis of a roller chain drive modeled as a four-bar mechanism is presented. The span connects the sprockets such that they rotate in the same direction, and the sprocket size, number of teeth, and shaft center distance can be arbitrary. The driven sprocket...... angular position, velocity and acceleration, as well as span length, are calculated and their (discontinuous) variation with driver angular position and main design parameters is illustrated. Kinematic predictions for the chain span motion are compared to results of multibody simulation, and there is seen...... to be very good agreement. All together this gives new insights into the characteristics of chain drive kinematics and the influence of main design parameters....

  3. Thim's Experiment and Exact Rotational Space-Time Transformations

    CERN Document Server

    Hsu, Leonardo

    2014-01-01

    Thim measured the transverse Doppler shift using a system consisting of a stationary antenna and pickup, in addition to a number of intermediate antennas mounted on the rim of a rotating disk. No such shift was detected, although the experiment should have had enough sensitivity to measure it, as predicted by the Lorentz transformations. However, using the Lorentz transformations to analyze the results of experiments involving circular motion, while commonly done, is inappropriate because such an analysis involves non-inertial frames, which are outside the range of validity of special relativity. In this paper, we re-analyze Thim's experiment using exact rotational space-time transformations, finding that his null result is consistent with theoretical predictions.

  4. Exact complexity: The spectral decomposition of intrinsic computation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crutchfield, James P.; Ellison, Christopher J.; Riechers, Paul M.

    2016-03-01

    We give exact formulae for a wide family of complexity measures that capture the organization of hidden nonlinear processes. The spectral decomposition of operator-valued functions leads to closed-form expressions involving the full eigenvalue spectrum of the mixed-state presentation of a process's ɛ-machine causal-state dynamic. Measures include correlation functions, power spectra, past-future mutual information, transient and synchronization informations, and many others. As a result, a direct and complete analysis of intrinsic computation is now available for the temporal organization of finitary hidden Markov models and nonlinear dynamical systems with generating partitions and for the spatial organization in one-dimensional systems, including spin systems, cellular automata, and complex materials via chaotic crystallography.

  5. Exact Constraint Design and its potential for Robust Embodiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eifler, Tobias; Howard, Thomas J.

    2017-01-01

    The design of exact, also referred to as minimal, constraints means applying just enough constraints between the various components of a mechanical assembly, in order to unambiguously define their positions in six degrees of freedom (3 translations, 3 rotations), their desired motions respectively....... To ensure a predictable and reliable product performance, a systematic design of the corresponding elementary mechanical interfaces between components is of utmost importance. Over constraints, i. e. part-to-part connections with redundant interfaces which constrain one single degree of freedom, are largely...... Constraint Design. Examples are the calculation of a mechanisms’ mobility using the Grübler-Kutzbach criterion, the analysis of statically determinate assemblies by means of the screw theory or so called Schlussartenmatrizen, as well as the analysis of engaging surfaces in terms of location schemes...

  6. Exactly solvable models for symmetry-enriched topological phases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Meng; Gu, Zheng-Cheng; Jiang, Shenghan; Qi, Yang

    2017-09-01

    We construct fixed-point wave functions and exactly solvable commuting-projector Hamiltonians for a large class of bosonic symmetry-enriched topological (SET) phases, based on the concept of equivalent classes of symmetric local unitary transformations. We argue that for onsite unitary symmetries, our construction realizes all SETs free of anomaly, as long as the underlying topological order itself can be realized with a commuting-projector Hamiltonian. We further extend the construction to antiunitary symmetries (e.g., time-reversal symmetry), mirror-reflection symmetries, and to anomalous SETs on the surface of three-dimensional symmetry-protected topological phases. Mathematically, our construction naturally leads to a generalization of group extensions of unitary fusion categories to antiunitary symmetries.

  7. Exact natural frequencies of a three-dimensional shear torsion beam with doubly asymmetric cross-section using a two-dimensional approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rafezy, B.; Howson, W. P.

    2006-08-01

    This paper presents an exact analytical approach to the calculation of the natural frequencies of structures comprising contiguous, three-dimensional shear-torsion beams with doubly asymmetric cross-section. Such component members have the unusual theoretical property that they allow for coupled torsional and shearing deformation, but not bending deformation. Initially, exact dynamic member stiffness matrices (exact finite elements) are developed for planar shear and torsional motion. These matrices can be combined in the usual way to model stepped and continuous beams whose uncoupled frequencies can then be determined exactly. It is then shown how the corresponding coupled frequencies can be established easily from the uncoupled values through an exact relationship. This enables coupled, three-dimensional vibration problems to be solved very efficiently using a two-dimensional approach. The paper is concluded with an example that clarifies the theory, together with a parametric study that enables guidance to be given as to when lateral-torsional coupling may safely be ignored.

  8. Fundamental Limits of Data Analytics in Sociotechnical Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Varshney, Lav R.

    2016-01-01

    In the Big Data era, informational systems involving humans and machines are being deployed in multifarious societal settings. Many use data analytics as subcomponents for descriptive, predictive, and prescriptive tasks, often trained using machine learning. Yet when analytics components are placed in large-scale sociotechnical systems, it is often difficult to characterize how well the systems will act, measured with criteria relevant in the world. Here, we propose a system modeling techniqu...

  9. Analytical Chemistry Division's sample transaction system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stanton, J.S.; Tilson, P.A.

    1980-10-01

    The Analytical Chemistry Division uses the DECsystem-10 computer for a wide range of tasks: sample management, timekeeping, quality assurance, and data calculation. This document describes the features and operating characteristics of many of the computer programs used by the Division. The descriptions are divided into chapters which cover all of the information about one aspect of the Analytical Chemistry Division's computer processing.

  10. Comparison of linear forms of the radiative transfer equation with analytic Jacobians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Bormin; Smith, William L; Huang, Hung-Lung; Woolf, Harold M

    2002-07-20

    Determining the Jacobians of the radiative transfer equation (RTE) is important to the qualities of the simultaneous retrieval of geophysical parameters from satellite radiance observations and the assimilation of radiance data into a numerical weather prediction system. Two linear forms of the RTE with analytic Jacobians are formulated. The first linear form has approximate analytic Jacobians, which involves some monochromatic approximation applied to a fast transmittance model. Unlike previous research, which lacks the transmittance Jacobian with respect to the atmospheric temperature profile, this form is complete in the sense that the transmittance Jacobians with respect to atmospheric temperature and absorbing constituent profiles are both present. The second linear form has exact analytic Jacobians derived consistently from the same fast transmittance model without using any monochromatic approximation. By numerical comparison between the two linear forms for the NOAA-12 High-Resolution Infrared Sounder, we show significant errors in the linear form with approximate analytic Jacobians. The relative absolute linearization error from the linear form with approximate analytic Jacobians is shown to be 2-4 orders of magnitude larger than that from the linear form with exact analytic Jacobians, even for the case of a 0.1% perturbation of the U.S. Standard Atmosphere. The errors unnecessarily complicate the ill-posed retrieval problem of atmospheric remote sensing and can be avoided if the correct linear form of the RTE with exact analytic Jacobians is adopted.

  11. Doing social media analytics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillip Brooker

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the few years since the advent of ‘Big Data’ research, social media analytics has begun to accumulate studies drawing on social media as a resource and tool for research work. Yet, there has been relatively little attention paid to the development of methodologies for handling this kind of data. The few works that exist in this area often reflect upon the implications of ‘grand’ social science methodological concepts for new social media research (i.e. they focus on general issues such as sampling, data validity, ethics, etc.. By contrast, we advance an abductively oriented methodological suite designed to explore the construction of phenomena played out through social media. To do this, we use a software tool – Chorus – to illustrate a visual analytic approach to data. Informed by visual analytic principles, we posit a two-by-two methodological model of social media analytics, combining two data collection strategies with two analytic modes. We go on to demonstrate each of these four approaches ‘in action’, to help clarify how and why they might be used to address various research questions.

  12. Competing on talent analytics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davenport, Thomas H; Harris, Jeanne; Shapiro, Jeremy

    2010-10-01

    Do investments in your employees actually affect workforce performance? Who are your top performers? How can you empower and motivate other employees to excel? Leading-edge companies such as Google, Best Buy, Procter & Gamble, and Sysco use sophisticated data-collection technology and analysis to answer these questions, leveraging a range of analytics to improve the way they attract and retain talent, connect their employee data to business performance, differentiate themselves from competitors, and more. The authors present the six key ways in which companies track, analyze, and use data about their people-ranging from a simple baseline of metrics to monitor the organization's overall health to custom modeling for predicting future head count depending on various "what if" scenarios. They go on to show that companies competing on talent analytics manage data and technology at an enterprise level, support what analytical leaders do, choose realistic targets for analysis, and hire analysts with strong interpersonal skills as well as broad expertise.

  13. Advanced business analytics

    CERN Document Server

    Lev, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    The book describes advanced business analytics and shows how to apply them to many different professional areas of engineering and management. Each chapter of the book is contributed by a different author and covers a different area of business analytics. The book connects the analytic principles with business practice and provides an interface between the main disciplines of engineering/technology and the organizational, administrative and planning abilities of management. It also refers to other disciplines such as economy, finance, marketing, behavioral economics and risk analysis. This book is of special interest to engineers, economists and researchers who are developing new advances in engineering management but also to practitioners working on this subject.

  14. Advances in analytical chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arendale, W. F.; Congo, Richard T.; Nielsen, Bruce J.

    1991-01-01

    Implementation of computer programs based on multivariate statistical algorithms makes possible obtaining reliable information from long data vectors that contain large amounts of extraneous information, for example, noise and/or analytes that we do not wish to control. Three examples are described. Each of these applications requires the use of techniques characteristic of modern analytical chemistry. The first example, using a quantitative or analytical model, describes the determination of the acid dissociation constant for 2,2'-pyridyl thiophene using archived data. The second example describes an investigation to determine the active biocidal species of iodine in aqueous solutions. The third example is taken from a research program directed toward advanced fiber-optic chemical sensors. The second and third examples require heuristic or empirical models.

  15. Exact mean-energy expansion of Ginibre's gas for coupling constants Γ =2 ×(oddinteger)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salazar, R.; Téllez, G.

    2017-12-01

    Using the approach of a Vandermonde determinant to the power Γ =Q2/kBT expansion on monomial functions, a way to find the excess energy Uexc of the two-dimensional one-component plasma (2DOCP) on hard and soft disks (or a Dyson gas) for odd values of Γ /2 is provided. At Γ =2 , the present study not only corroborates the result for the particle-particle energy contribution of the Dyson gas found by Shakirov [Shakirov, Phys. Lett. A 375, 984 (2011), 10.1016/j.physleta.2011.01.004] by using an alternative approach, but also provides the exact N -finite expansion of the excess energy of the 2DOCP on the hard disk. The excess energy is fitted to the ansatz of the form Uexc=K1N +K2√{N }+K3+K4/N +O (1 /N2) to study the finite-size correction, with Ki coefficients and N the number of particles. In particular, the bulk term of the excess energy is in agreement with the well known result of Jancovici for the hard disk in the thermodynamic limit [Jancovici, Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 386 (1981), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.46.386]. Finally, an expression is found for the pair correlation function which still keeps a link with the random matrix theory via the kernel in the Ginibre ensemble [Ginibre, J. Math. Phys. 6, 440 (1965), 10.1063/1.1704292] for odd values of Γ /2 . A comparison between the analytical two-body density function and histograms obtained with Monte Carlo simulations for small systems and Γ =2 ,6 ,10 ,... shows that the approach described in this paper may be used to study analytically the crossover behavior from systems in the fluid phase to small crystals.

  16. Exact method for numerically analyzing a model of local denaturation in superhelically stressed DNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fye, Richard M.; Benham, Craig J.

    1999-03-01

    Local denaturation, the separation at specific sites of the two strands comprising the DNA double helix, is one of the most fundamental processes in biology, required to allow the base sequence to be read both in DNA transcription and in replication. In living organisms this process can be mediated by enzymes which regulate the amount of superhelical stress imposed on the DNA. We present a numerically exact technique for analyzing a model of denaturation in superhelically stressed DNA. This approach is capable of predicting the locations and extents of transition in circular superhelical DNA molecules of kilobase lengths and specified base pair sequences. It can also be used for closed loops of DNA which are typically found in vivo to be kilobases long. The analytic method consists of an integration over the DNA twist degrees of freedom followed by the introduction of auxiliary variables to decouple the remaining degrees of freedom, which allows the use of the transfer matrix method. The algorithm implementing our technique requires O(N2) operations and O(N) memory to analyze a DNA domain containing N base pairs. However, to analyze kilobase length DNA molecules it must be implemented in high precision floating point arithmetic. An accelerated algorithm is constructed by imposing an upper bound M on the number of base pairs that can simultaneously denature in a state. This accelerated algorithm requires O(MN) operations, and has an analytically bounded error. Sample calculations show that it achieves high accuracy (greater than 15 decimal digits) with relatively small values of M (Myeast show that this approach can also accurately treat in vivo denaturation.

  17. Fifty Years of the Exact Solution of the Two-Dimensional Ising Model by Onsager

    OpenAIRE

    Bhattacharjee, Somendra M.; Khare, Avinash

    1995-01-01

    The exact solution of the two-dimensional Ising model by Onsager in 1944 represents one of the landmarks in theoretical physics. On the occassion of the fifty years of the exact solution, we give a historical review of this model. After briefly discussing the exact solution by Onsager, we point out some of the recent developments in this field. The exact solution by Onsager has inspired several developments in various other fields. Some of these are also briefly mentioned.

  18. Foundations of predictive analytics

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, James

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on the authors' two decades of experience in applied modeling and data mining, Foundations of Predictive Analytics presents the fundamental background required for analyzing data and building models for many practical applications, such as consumer behavior modeling, risk and marketing analytics, and other areas. It also discusses a variety of practical topics that are frequently missing from similar texts. The book begins with the statistical and linear algebra/matrix foundation of modeling methods, from distributions to cumulant and copula functions to Cornish--Fisher expansion and o

  19. Social network data analytics

    CERN Document Server

    Aggarwal, Charu C

    2011-01-01

    Social network analysis applications have experienced tremendous advances within the last few years due in part to increasing trends towards users interacting with each other on the internet. Social networks are organized as graphs, and the data on social networks takes on the form of massive streams, which are mined for a variety of purposes. Social Network Data Analytics covers an important niche in the social network analytics field. This edited volume, contributed by prominent researchers in this field, presents a wide selection of topics on social network data mining such as Structural Pr

  20. An analytic thomism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Alejandro Pérez Chamorro.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available For 50 years the philosophers of the Anglo-Saxon analytic tradition (E. Anscombre, P. Geach, A. Kenny, P. Foot have tried to follow the Thomas Aquinas School which they use as a source to surpass the Cartesian Epistemology and to develop the virtue ethics. Recently, J. Haldane has inaugurated a program of “analytical thomism” which main result until the present has been his “theory of identity mind/world”. Nevertheless, none of Thomás’ admirers has still found the means of assimilating his metaphysics of being.